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1

PJM Interconnection, LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

PJM Interconnection, LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name PJM Interconnection, LLC Place Norristown, PA References SGIC1 No information has been entered for this organization....

2

PJM Interconnection (Multiple States) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

PJM Interconnection (Multiple States) PJM Interconnection (Multiple States) PJM Interconnection (Multiple States) < Back Eligibility Developer Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Delaware Program Type Interconnection PJM (originally Pennsylvania, Jersey, Maryland) Interconnection is a Regional Transmission Organization (RTO) that coordinates the movement of wholesale electricity in all or parts of Delaware, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Maryland, Michigan, New Jersey, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia and the District of Columbia. The PJM region has an area of 214,000 square miles, a population of about 60 million and a peak demand of 163,848 megawatts

3

Pepco and PJM Interconnection Comments on District of Columbia...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Pepco and PJM Interconnection Comments on District of Columbia Public Service Commission, Docket No. EO-05-01 Comments and Answer to Requests for Rehearing Pepco and PJM...

4

Response from PJM Interconnection LLC and Pepco to Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

PJM Interconnection LLC and Pepco to Department of Energy Request for Information Concerning the Potential Need for Potomac River Station Generation Response from PJM...

5

PJM Interconnection Interview on Wind  

Wind Powering America (EERE)

Vol. 9, No. 5 - December 5, 2007 Vol. 9, No. 5 - December 5, 2007 PJM on wind Wind power is growing rapidly in the United States and in Pennsylvania where 8 wind farms that total 259 megawatts now operate. Those wind farms already generate enough power for about 80,000 homes. Another 4,714 megawatts are in various stages of development within Pennsylvania, which would create enough power for an additional 1.4 mil- lion homes. Just in the Keystone state, wind power is creating thousands of jobs. Across the nation, wind power provides hundreds of millions of dollars of tax payments and rental fees to land- owners, and displaces more and more electricity that would otherwise be made by burning coal, oil, or natural gas. Wind farms create zero air pollution; require no destructive

6

Pepco and PJM Interconnection Comments on District of Columbia Public  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Pepco and PJM Interconnection Comments on District of Columbia Pepco and PJM Interconnection Comments on District of Columbia Public Service Commission, Docket No. EO-05-01 Comments and Answer to Requests for Rehearing Pepco and PJM Interconnection Comments on District of Columbia Public Service Commission, Docket No. EO-05-01 Comments and Answer to Requests for Rehearing Docket No. EO-05-01: In accordance with Order No. 202-06-1, issued by the Department of Energy on February 17, 2006. Potomac Electric Power Company and PJM Interconnection, L.L.C. jointly submit these comments and answer to the requests for rehearing submitted by the City of Alexandria, Virginia and the Director of the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality in the captioned proceeding . Pepco and PJM Interconnection Comments on District of Columbia Public

7

Preliminary Response of PJM Interconnection, L.L.C. to the Operating...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Response of PJM Interconnection, L.L.C. to the Operating Plan of Mirant Potomac River, LLC Preliminary Response of PJM Interconnection, L.L.C. to the Operating Plan of Mirant...

8

PJM Interconnection, LLC Smart Grid Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

LLC Smart Grid Project LLC Smart Grid Project Jump to: navigation, search Project Lead PJM Interconnection, LLC Country United States Headquarters Location Norristown, Pennsylvania Additional Benefit Places Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Maryland, Michigan, North Carolina, New Jersey, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Virgin Islands, West Virginia Recovery Act Funding $13,698,091.00 Total Project Value $228203511 Coverage Area Coverage Map: PJM Interconnection, LLC Smart Grid Project Coordinates 40.121497°, -75.3399048° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

9

Motion to Intervene and Initial Comments of PJM Interconnection, L.L.C. |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

and Initial Comments of PJM Interconnection, and Initial Comments of PJM Interconnection, L.L.C. Motion to Intervene and Initial Comments of PJM Interconnection, L.L.C. Motion to Intervene and Initial Comments of PJM Interconnection, L.L.C. On January 5, 2009, ITC Transmission filed with the Department of Energy a request to amend Presidential Permit PP-230-3, which authorizes ITC to own and operate specified electric transmission facilities at the Bunce Creek station that interconnect ITC with Hydro One Networks Inc electric transmission facilities at the Michigan-Ontario border. Motion to Intervene and Initial Comments of PJM Interconnection, L.L.C. More Documents & Publications Application for presidential permit OE Docket No. PP-230-4 International Transmission Company: Response of PJM Interconnection, L.L.C. to Answer of

10

Response from PJM Interconnection LLC and Pepco to Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

PJM Interconnection LLC and Pepco to Department of PJM Interconnection LLC and Pepco to Department of Energy Request for Information Concerning the Potential Need for Potomac River Station Generation Response from PJM Interconnection LLC and Pepco to Department of Energy Request for Information Concerning the Potential Need for Potomac River Station Generation Docket No. EO-05-01: This letter will respond to your request for information concerning the potential need for Potomac River Station generation under the three reliability "scenarios" outlined by PJM and PEPCO. Response from PJM Interconnection LLC and Pepco to Department of Energy Request for Information Concerning the Potential Need for Potomac River Station Generation More Documents & Publications Information Concerning Reliability Impacts under Various System

11

Geometric effects modelling for the PJM interconnection system. Part 1; Earth surface potentials computation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes an ionospheric source current model and development of an earth resistivity model used to calculate geomagnetic induced currents (GIC) on the Pennsylvania-New Jersey-Maryland Interconnection (PJM). Ionospheric current is modelled as a gaussian distributed current sheet above the earth. Geological details are included by dividing the PJM service area into 11 different earth resistivity regions. The resulting earth surface potential (ESP) at each power system substation is then calculated. A companion paper describes how this ESP is applied to the power system model to calculate the geomagnetic induced current in the power system equipment and facilities.

Towle, J.N. (Diversified EM, Seattle, WA (US)); Prabhakara, F.S. (Power Technologies, Inc., Schenectady, NY (US)); Ponder, J.Z. (PJM Interconnection, Norristown, PA (US))

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Independent review of estimated load reductions for PJM's small customer load response pilot project  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Estimated Load Reductions for PJMs Small Customer Loadof Estimated Load Reductions for PJMs Small Customer LoadResponse Pilot Project Prepared for PJM Interconnection, LLC

Heffner, G.; Moezzi, M.; Goldman, C.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

PJM Presentation- The Silver Bullet: Storage! (July 12, 2011)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presentation by Terry Boston, President and CEO pf PJM Interconnection before the ElectricityAdvisorty Committee, July 12, 2011,on storage for the smart grid.

14

2009 Wind Technologies Market Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Midwest, Mountain, Texas, PJM, SPP, and Northwest regions.the The queues surveyed include PJM Interconnection, MidwestMidwest, Mountain, Texas, PJM, SPP, and Northwest regions:

Wiser, Ryan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

PJM Staff Present:  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Participation. Mr Callis then asked Mr. Herman to call roll. B. Mr. Herman reviewed the minutes from the July 31th 2012 Meeting seeking comments. Hearing no comments, the minutes will be finalized and posted to PJM.com. 2. MODEL ON-DEMAND IMPLEMENATION INTIATIVE A. Mr. Thompson led a discussion of Siemens File Builder including the purpose of the tool, where MOD Page 1 of 2users will get the file builder tool from, and how PSSE and PSLF users can both use File Builder. PJM will take the action item to work with Siemens and begin supplying File Builder to non PSSE users B. Mr. Thompson led a discussion on the schedule for building cases in MOD, indicating that PJM will start with a 2013 Series 2014 Summer Peak case. This led to a healthy discussion of how frequently PJM will allow users to update cases, and furthermore what qualifies as a major change vs. a minor change. PJM will begin to categorize and define major modeling updates vs minor modeling updates and when they are allowed in the process. C. Mr. Thompson led a discussion on file formats, and wholesale updates. This topic also led to a discussion on what is a wholesale updates (entire case dumped out in RAW format) vs. an incremental update (entire 34.5 kV system). Members also discussed allocation of new bus numbers for generation

Meredith Gafford; Brian Hallett; Hugh Scott; Phillip Briggs; Jason Harchick; Paul Gerber; Elizabeth Pease; Mike Donnelly; Alexandra Ryder; Rollie Mongonon; Gerry Binder; Joe Callis Facilitator; Tracy Miehlke Facilitator; Bk Choi; Yiming Mao; Ian Mundell; Mark Sims; Jonathan Thompson; Michael Herman Secretary

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

2011 Wind Technologies Market Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MWh NERC NREL NYISO OEM O&M PJM POU PPA PTC PUC REC RFI RPSoperations and maintenance PJM Interconnection publiclyis planned for the Midwest, PJM Interconnection, Texas,

Bolinger, Mark

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

2010 Wind Technologies Market Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MWh NERC NREL NYISO OEM O&M PJM POU PPA PTC PUC REC RFI RPSoperations and maintenance PJM Interconnection publiclyMidwest, Mountain, Texas, PJM Interconnection, Northwest,

Wiser, Ryan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

PJM2011 Summary  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The current PJM tariff limits: The amount of DR to 25 % of the total amount of each Ancillary Service (day ahead scheduling reserves, synchronized reserves, regulation) requirement. The amount of batch load DR resources to 20 % of the Synchronized Reserve Requirement Currently only the SR market is seeing participation near the 25 % cap

unknown authors

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Joint Maintenance Status Report of Potomac Electric Power Company amd PJM  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Joint Maintenance Status Report of Potomac Electric Power Company Joint Maintenance Status Report of Potomac Electric Power Company amd PJM Interconnection, LLC Joint Maintenance Status Report of Potomac Electric Power Company amd PJM Interconnection, LLC Docket No. EO-05-01: Potomac Electric Power Company ("Pepco") and PJM Interconnection, L.L.C. ("PJM") hereby jointly submit this Maintenance Report to advise you of the work completed and findings made during the maintenance outages for Pepco's two 230 kV circuits from the Palmers Comer to Potomac River substations pursuant to the December 20. 2006, Department of Energy ("DOE") Order No. 202-05-3. Joint Maintenance Status Report of Potomac Electric Power Company amd PJM Interconnection, LLC More Documents & Publications Special Environmental Analysis For Actions Taken under U.S. Department of

20

arbitrage opportunities for energy efficiency resources in the PJM capacity market.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study examines the effect of Energy Efficiency Projects on the PennsylvaniaNew JerseyMaryland Interconnection (PJM) Reliability Pricing Model (RPM). In particular, it focuses on the (more)

Nagy, Stefan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interconnection pjm midwest" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Answer of Potomac Electric Power Company and PJM lnterconnection, L.L.C. to  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Answer of Potomac Electric Power Company and PJM lnterconnection, Answer of Potomac Electric Power Company and PJM lnterconnection, L.L.C. to the October 6, 2005 motion filed by the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality Answer of Potomac Electric Power Company and PJM lnterconnection, L.L.C. to the October 6, 2005 motion filed by the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality Docket No. EO-05-01: Pursuant to Rule 213 of the rules of Practice and Procedure of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission ("FERC" or "Commission"), 18 C.F.R. § 385.213, Potomac Electric Power Company ("Pepco") and PJM Interconnection, L.L.C. ("PJM") hereby answer the Motion of Robert G. Bumley, Director the Commonwealth of Virginia Department of Environmental Quality To Deny the District of Columbia Public Service

22

PJM Controller Testing with Prototypic PJM Nozzle Configuration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of River Protections Waste Treatment Plant (WTP) is being designed and built to pre-treat and then vitrify a large portion of the wastes in Hanfords 177 underground waste storage tanks. The WTP consists of three primary facilitiespretreatment, low-activity waste (LAW) vitrification, and high-level waste (HLW) vitrification. The pretreatment facility will receive waste piped from the Hanford tank farms and separate it into a high-volume, low-activity liquid stream stripped of most solids and radionuclides and a much smaller volume of HLW slurry containing most of the solids and most of the radioactivity. Many of the vessels in the pretreatment facility will contain pulse jet mixers (PJM) that will provide some or all of the mixing in the vessels. Pulse jet mixer technology was selected for use in black cell regions of the WTP, where maintenance cannot be performed once hot testing and operations commence. The PJMs have no moving mechanical parts that require maintenance. The vessels with the most concentrated slurries will also be mixed with air spargers and/or steady jets in addition to the mixing provided by the PJMs. Pulse jet mixers are susceptible to overblows that can generate large hydrodynamic forces, forces that can damage mixing vessels or their internal parts. The probability of an overblow increases if a PJM does not fill completely. The purpose of the testing performed for this report was to determine how reliable and repeatable the primary and safety (or backup) PJM control systems are at detecting drive overblows (DOB) and charge vessel full (CVF) conditions. Testing was performed on the ABB 800xA and Triconex control systems. The controllers operated an array of four PJMs installed in an approximately 13 ft diameter 15 ft tall tank located in the high bay of the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) 336 Building test facility. The PJMs were fitted with 4 inch diameter discharge nozzles representative of the nozzles to be used in the WTP. This work supplemented earlier controller tests done on PJMs with 2 inch nozzles (Bontha et al. 2007). Those earlier tests enabled the selection of appropriate pressure transmitters with associated piping and resulted in an alternate overblow detection algorithm that uses data from pressure transmitters mounted in a water flush line on the PJM airlines. Much of that earlier work was only qualitative, however, due to a data logger equipment failure that occurred during the 2007 testing. The objectives of the current work focused on providing quantitative determinations of the ability of the BNI controllers to detect DOB and CVF conditions. On both control systems, a DOB or CVF is indicated when the values of particular internal functions, called confidence values, cross predetermined thresholds. There are two types of confidence values; one based on a transformation of jet pump pair (JPP) drive and suction pressures, the other based on the pressure in the flush line. In the present testing, we collected confidence levels output from the ABB and Triconex controllers. These data were analyzed in terms of the true and noise confidence peaks generated during multiple cycles of DOB and CVF events. The distributions of peak and noise amplitudes were compared to see if thresholds could be set that would enable the detection of DOB and CVF events at high probabilities, while keeping false detections to low probabilities. Supporting data were also collected on PJM operation, including data on PJM pressures and levels, to provide direct experimental evidence of when PJMs were filling, full, driving, or overblowing.

Bontha, Jagannadha R.; Nigl, Franz; Weier, Dennis R.; Leigh, Richard J.; Johnson, Eric D.; Wilcox, Wayne A.; Pfund, David M.; Baumann, Aaron W.; Wang, Yeefoo

2009-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

23

2008 WIND TECHNOLOGIES MARKET REPORT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the Midwest, Texas, Southwest, and PJM regions: wind in the52 GW), SPP (48 GW), and PJM (43 GW) account for over 70% ofThe queues surveyed include PJM Interconnection, Midwest

Bolinger, Mark

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Demand response participation in PJM wholesale markets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper provides an overview of demand response resource participation in PJM wholesale ancillary service markets which include: Day Ahead Scheduling Reserves, Synchronized Reserves and Regulation.

Peter L. Langbein

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Mid-summer heat pushes up natural gas use at electric power plants ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... revenue and prices, power plants, fuel use, ... four Regional Transmission OrganizationsMidwest Independent System Operator (MISO), the PJM Interconnection ...

26

Agreement (NITSA) between PJM and Old Dominion Electric Cooperative. The  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PJM Service Agreement No. 3346. 1 This filing is made jointly by PJM and ODEC in order to provide transmission credits for customer-owned facilities located in the Dominion Zone of the PJM-operated transmission system, as provided for in Section 30.9 of PJMs Open Access Transmission Tariff (Tariff). Pursuant to Section 29.5 of PJM's Tariff, PJM is submitting the NITSA. 2 The remainder of the filing, detailing the support for ODEC's request for transmission credits, has been prepared by ODEC. Specifically, ODEC seeks transmission credits for the following facilities which are owned by its member distribution cooperative, Southside Electric Cooperative: (1)

unknown authors

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Midwest Nuclear Compact (Iowa)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Midwest Nuclear Compact establishes a Midwest Nuclear Board to cooperatively evaluate and make recommendations regarding the development of nuclear technology, distribute information about...

28

Midwest Independent System Operator (Multiple States) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Independent System Operator (Multiple States) Independent System Operator (Multiple States) Midwest Independent System Operator (Multiple States) < Back Eligibility Developer Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Montana Program Type Interconnection Provider Midwest Independent System Operator Midwest Independent Transmission System Operator (MISO) is a Regional Transmission Organization, which administers wholesale electricity markets in all or parts of 11 U.S. states and the Canadian province of Manitoba. MISO administers electricity transmission grids across the Midwest and into Canada, and provides tools, transmission planning strategies, and integration for utilities in those markets.

29

Property:EIA/861/RtoPjm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

RtoPjm RtoPjm Jump to: navigation, search Property Name RTO_PJM Property Type Boolean Description Indicates that the organization conducts operations in the PJM RTO [1] References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - 861 Webfile Layout for 2010.doc" Pages using the property "EIA/861/RtoPjm" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A A & N Electric Coop (Virginia) + true + Adams Electric Cooperative Inc + true + Adams Rural Electric Coop, Inc + true + Allegheny Electric Coop Inc + true + Allegheny Energy Supply Co LLC + true + American Mun Power-Ohio, Inc + true + Appalachian Power Co + true + Atlantic City Electric Co + true + B Bedford Rural Elec Coop, Inc + true + Borough of Butler, New Jersey (Utility Company) + true +

30

Midwest Building Energy Program  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Midwest Building Energy Program Midwest Building Energy Program Stacey Paradis Midwest Energy Efficiency Alliance sparadis@mwalliance.org 312-784-7267 April 2, 2013 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Purpose & Objectives Purpose * Reduce Energy Use in New Construction (Energy Codes) * Reduce Energy Use in Existing Construction (Benchmarking) Objectives * Technical Assistance to States In Midwest Adopt Latest Model Energy Codes * Foster Maximum Compliance with Current Energy Codes

31

Midwest Building Energy Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Midwest Building Energy Program Midwest Building Energy Program Stacey Paradis Midwest Energy Efficiency Alliance sparadis@mwalliance.org 312-784-7267 April 2, 2013 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Purpose & Objectives Purpose * Reduce Energy Use in New Construction (Energy Codes) * Reduce Energy Use in Existing Construction (Benchmarking) Objectives * Technical Assistance to States In Midwest Adopt Latest Model Energy Codes * Foster Maximum Compliance with Current Energy Codes

32

Analysis of PJM's Transmissions Rights Market  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As power industry restructuring continues, more and more industry participants are likely to be exposed to financial uncertainties created by locational marginal prices (LMPs). These uncertainties differ from those experienced under traditional regulation and also differ from the resource adequacy-related price spikes that were experienced in the Midwest in 1998 and in the West during 2000-2001. Instead, LMP systems create uncertainty in the cost of transporting power from resources to loads. This is an ...

2004-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

33

Answer of Potomac Electric Power Company and PJM lnterconnection...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Answer of Potomac Electric Power Company and PJM lnterconnection, L.L.C. to the October 6, 2005 motion filed by the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality Answer of Potomac...

34

Planning for environmental constraints on the PJM system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This chapter provides a snapshot of the existing PJM system and identifies the environmental constraints that form the parameters for the regional approaches analyzed in this study. The chapter begins with a description of the PJM system and the costs and emissions levels of the pollutants under study associated with the reference case (the PJM system configured to meet only Clean Air Act Amendment Phase I SO{sub 2} requirements and the March 1994 NO{sub x} requirements affecting Phase I units){sup 3}. Next, the pollution-reduction scenario assumed for the purpose of the study, which covers the period 1995--2010, is described. Finally, the impacts of this pollution reduction scenario -- emissions that would need to be avoided on the reference case PJM system -- are identified. Modeling methods are described alongside the study`s results. Other chapters discuss: environmental constraints, alternate plans to achieve environmental goals, and comparison of alternate plans.

Not Available

1994-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

35

Deemed Savings Estimates for Legacy Air Conditioning and WaterHeating Direct Load Control Programs in PJM Region  

SciTech Connect

During 2005 and 2006, the PJM Interconnection (PJM) Load Analysis Subcommittee (LAS) examined ways to reduce the costs and improve the effectiveness of its existing measurement and verification (M&V) protocols for Direct Load Control (DLC) programs. The current M&V protocol requires that a PURPA-compliant Load Research study be conducted every five years for each Load-Serving Entity (LSE). The current M&V protocol is expensive to implement and administer particularly for mature load control programs, some of which are marginally cost-effective. There was growing evidence that some LSEs were mothballing or dropping their DLC programs in lieu of incurring the expense associated with the M&V. This project had several objectives: (1) examine the potential for developing deemed savings estimates acceptable to PJM for legacy air conditioning and water heating DLC programs, and (2) explore the development of a collaborative, regional, consensus-based approach for conducting monitoring and verification of load reductions for emerging load management technologies for customers that do not have interval metering capability.

Goldman, Charles

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Response by PJM to letters from the City of Alexandria and the...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

by PJM to letters from the City of Alexandria and the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality pursuant to Order No. 202-05-03 Response by PJM to letters from the City of...

37

midwest | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

midwest midwest Dataset Summary Description This dataset comes from the Energy Information Administration (EIA), and is part of the 2011 Annual Energy Outlook Report (AEO2011). This dataset is table 76, and contains only the reference case. The data is broken down into electric power sector, cumulative planned additions,cumulative unplanned additions,cumulative retirements, end-use sector, electricity sales, net energy for load, generation by fuel type and price by service category. Source EIA Date Released April 26th, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords 2011 AEO EIA Electric Power midwest projections Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon AEO2011: Electric Power Projections for EMM Region - Midwest Reliability Council / West- Reference Case (xls, 259.1 KiB)

38

Hawkeye Renewables formerly Midwest Renewables | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

(formerly Midwest Renewables) Place Iowa Falls, Iowa Zip 50126 Product Midwest bioethanol producer References Hawkeye Renewables (formerly Midwest Renewables)1 LinkedIn...

39

Coordination of Retail Demand Response with Midwest ISO Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MISO MP MRO MWDRI M&V NYISO PJM PUC RAP RFC RTO RTP SERC AirRTOs such as New England or PJM. In 2005 MISO became theEdison is a member of PJM). Interruptible (Total = 3398, N =

Bharvirkar, Ranjit

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Impact Of Renewable Energy Portfolio Standardson The Costof Solar And Wind Energyin Pjm.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??ABSTRACTRenewable portfolio standards (RPS) in PJM states place annual targets for generation from renewable sources of energy. These targets have impacts on the development of (more)

Idrisu, Babatunde

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interconnection pjm midwest" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Interconnection Panel  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interconnection Panel Dan Tunnicliff, P.E. Manager, Government Segment, Southern California Edison Southern California Edison Application Processing Technical Scoping Meeting Technical Studies Interconnection Agreement Project Implementation Overview of Generation Interconnection Process (GIP) * Transmission Level Interconnections - Governed by CAISO Tariff. * Generally for 220 kV and higher. * All applications must be submitted to the CAISO. * CAISO administers its tariff, which is approved by FERC. * Distribution Level Interconnections - Governed by SCE's WDAT. * Generally below 220 kV. * All applications must be submitted to SCE. * SCE administers its tariff, which is approved by FERC. 2 Southern California Edison Interconnection agreements are critically

42

Independent review of estimated load reductions for PJM's small customer load response pilot project  

SciTech Connect

This study describes the results of a low-cost approach used to measure reported load reductions from a residential electric water heater (EWH) load control program operated as part of PJM Interconnection's Demand Response small customer pilot program. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) conducted this independent review of the engineering estimates for EWH load control reported by a Curtailment Service Provider (CSP) at PJM's request. LBNL employed low-cost measurement and verification (M&V) approaches that utilized existing interval metering equipment to monitor results for a series of load control tests. The CSP collected hourly load data for two substations and several hundred households over a six-week period in October and November 2003. During this time period, the CSP operated its electric water heater load control program during pre-specified test periods in the morning, afternoon and early evening. LBNL then analyzed substation and premise-level data from these tests in order to verify the diversified demand reductions claimed by the CSP for customers participating in the EWH load control program. We found that the observed load reductions for the premise-level data aggregated over all households in the two participating electric cooperatives were, respectively, 40 percent-60 percent less and 3 percent less-10 percent higher than the estimated diversified demand reduction values assumed by the CSP, depending on whether observed or normalized results are considered. We also analyzed sub-station level data and found that the observed load reductions during the test periods were significantly lower than expected, although confounding influences and operational problems signifiogram during pre-specified test periods in the morning, afternoon and early evening. LBNL then analyzed substation and premise-level data from these tests in order to verify the diversified demand reductions claimed by the CSP for customers participating in the EWH load control program. We found that the observed load reductions for the premise-level data aggregated over all households in the two participating electric cooperatives were, respectively, 40 percent-60 percent less and 3 percent less-10 percent higher than the estimated diversified demand reduction values assumed by the CSP, depending on whether observed or normalized results are considered. We also analyzed sub-station level data and found that the observed load reductions during the test periods were significantly lower than expected, although confounding influences and operational problems significantly limit our ability to differentiate between control-related and non-control related differences in substation-level load shape data. The usefulness and accuracy of the results were hampered by operational problems encountered during the measurement period as well as in sufficient number of load research grade interval meters at one cooperative. Given the larger sample size at one electric cooperative and more statistically-robust results, there is some basis to suggest that the Adjusted Diversified Demand Factor (ADDF) values used by the CSP somewhat over-state the actual load reductions. Given the results and limitations of the M&V approach as implemented, we suggest several options for PJM to consider: (1) require load aggregators participating in ISODR programs to utilize formal PURPA-compliant load research samples in their M&V plans, and (2) continue developing lower cost M&V approaches for mass market load control programs that incorporate suggested improvements described in this study.

Heffner, G.; Moezzi, M.; Goldman, C.

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Interconnect Issues  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interconnect Issues in NE Serge Khalife, 15 th April 2010 Agenda  About National Grid and Service territories  Scope and definitions  Interconnection Process Overview  Time Frames and Fees  Governmental Entity Exceptions  Net Metering Limit  Technical Issues  Observations and recommendations  Questions and Answers Service Territories Map Scope and definitions  The Distributed Generation Group at National Grid process interconnection applications on the distribution system typically 10 MW and under with a few exceptions.  ISO-NE process larger interconnection applications on the transmission system. Their timelines and procedures vary from National Grid's Distributed Generation process.  Governmental Entity : The Commonwealth of Massachusetts, or any

44

Response by PJM to letters from the City of Alexandria and the Virginia  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

by PJM to letters from the City of Alexandria and the by PJM to letters from the City of Alexandria and the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality pursuant to Order No. 202-05-03 Response by PJM to letters from the City of Alexandria and the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality pursuant to Order No. 202-05-03 Docket No. EO-05-01: Following the release of the Department of Energy's Order No. 202-05-3 issued December 20, 2005 (the "Order"), both the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality ("DEQ") and the City of Alexandria (the "City") have filed letters asserting an imminent breach of the Order. PJM responds to those letters and takes issue both (i) with the assertion of an imminent breach of the Order, and (ii) the suggestion that maintenance of transmission facilities serving the District of Columbia be

45

Independent review of estimated load reductions for PJM's small customer load response pilot project  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abbreviations ADDF ALM AMR CSP DOE DR ELRP ETS EWH FERC HVa Curtailment Service Provider (CSP) at PJMs request. LBNLof load control tests. The CSP collected hourly load data

Heffner, G.; Moezzi, M.; Goldman, C.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

MAP 5.50: PJM Service Area in Virginia PJM operates the electric transmission system in Virginia served by Allegheny Power (AP), American  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(DOM), as shown on MAP 5.50. The transmission system in Virginia delivers power to customers from native generation resources and power transfers across tie-line facilities with the rest of the PJM and other adjoining systems to the west and south. Critical RTEP Issues in Virginia PJM continues to address a number of issues with a bearing on reliability in Virginia and the regional transmission expansion plans required to maintain it: A new 502 Junction-Mt. Storm-Meadowbrook-Loudoun 500kV transmission line is needed to avoid reliability criteria violations in 2011 and maintain power transfers to serve northern

unknown authors

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

The aftermath of primary power and its implications for independent transmission in PJM  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The recent decision by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission in ''Primary Power'' will have fundamental ramifications for transmission investment in the far-reaching PJM footprint. This decision, which is pending on rehearing and will likely be appealed, will determine whether transmission projects that are entitled to regulated rate recovery under the PJM tariff can only be built by incumbent transmission owners and whether new independent transmission entities are limited to building transmission projects on a ''merchant'' basis. (author)

Farrah, Elias G.; Elstein, S. Shamai

2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

48

Interconnect Issues  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Property Property Asset Management Office of General Counsel Real Property Division Richard R. Butterworth Senior Assistant General Counsel (202) 501-4436 richard.butterworth@gsa.gov The Problem: * Most agreements require indemnity clauses - usually either by tariff or by the submission of standard contracts to PSCs * Federal Government precluded from providing indemnity by: * Anti-deficiency Act - 31 U.S.C. 665(a) * Adequacy of Appropriations Act - 41 U.S.C. 11 GSA - Utility Interconnection Agreements GSA - Utility Interconnection Agreements * Exception: Utility Contracts * GAO decisions lay foundation for exception for utility contracts * Narrow exception GSA - Utility Interconnection Agreements * Application to Interconnection Agreements * Keys: Requirement for service Tariff or PSC action on contract

49

Electricity transmission congestion costs: A review of recent reports  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Market Report: New York Electricity Markets. April. PJM (PJM Interconnection, LLC).2002. PJM Interconnection State of the Market Report 2001.

Lesieutre, Bernard C.; Eto, Joseph H.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Hopper Interconnect  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Interconnect Interconnect Interconnect jaguar xt4 Hopper's "Gemini" network is connected in a 3D torus. Description Hopper's compute nodes are connected via a custom high-bandwidth, low-latency network provided by Cray. The connectivity is in the form of a "mesh" in which each node is connected to other nearby nodes like strands in a fishing net, except that the mesh extends in three dimensions. Each network node handles not only data destined for itself, but also data to be relayed to other nodes. Nodes at the "edges" of the mesh network are connected to nodes at the other edge to form a 3-D torus. The custom chips that route communication over the network are known as "Gemini" and the entire network is often referred to as the "Cray Gemini

51

Midwest Transmission Workshop I Summary  

SciTech Connect

OAK-B135 The meeting was opened with a review of the purposes of the workshop: (1) Present and discuss key studies and assessments of transmission upgrades, additions and related issues for the upper Midwest, including work that addresses the full range of views on these topics; (2) Understand the various transmission issues in the upper Midwest and discuss options for addressing the issues; and (3) Identify the decision makers and entities that need to play an active role if transmission issues are to be resolved, and agree on next steps for engaging these individuals and organizations through education, outreach, and information dissemination.

Kevin Bryan

2001-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Power Act (FPA), 16 U.S.C. 824d, hereby submits revisions to the PJM Open Access Transmission Tariff (Tariff), the Amended and Restated Operating Agreement of PJM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Agreement among Load Serving Entities in the PJM Region (RAA) to recognize and support, at the wholesale level, the development of price responsive demand (PRD) demand reductions enabled by advanced meters and dynamic retail rate structuresby states in the PJM region. The enclosed revisions address PRD both in the context of PJMs forward capacity market (known as the Reliability Pricing Model or RPM) and PJMs dayahead and real-time energy markets. For RPM, PJM plans to implement PRD for the capacity year that will be addressed by RPMs next three-year forward Base Residual Auction 1 in May 2012. As explained in this filing, parties that wish to submit PRD load reduction plans to PJM for that capacity year must do so by January 15, 2012. PJM therefore requests that the enclosed revisions related to RPM (identified below) become effective on December 15, 2011, so that market participants have certainty about the rules in place as they develop and submit their PRD plans to PJM. While PJMs three-year forward capacity structure means that PRD plans submitted for RPM will address only load reductions implemented on or after June 1, 2015, PJM and its stakeholders see no reason to defer the benefits of PRD in the energy market for three years. Accordingly, 1 The Base Residual Auction (or BRA), as defined in the Tariff, is the principal RPM auction, which secures commitments for capacity to be provided in a Delivery Year that begins approximately three years after the auction. See Tariff,

L. L. C. (operating Agreement; The Reliability Assurance

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Midwest Transmission Workshop II Summary  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

OAK-B135 After introductions of all participants, Abby Arnold, RESOLVE, reviewed the purpose of the meeting and the agenda. The purpose of the workshop was to share the results of the Midwest Independent System Operator (MISO) scenario development for wind and other fuel sources and the corresponding implications for transmission throughout the MISO control area. The workshop agenda is included in Attachment A.

Kevin Bryan

2002-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

54

Evaluating Wind-Following and Ecosystem Services for Hydroelectric Dams in PJM  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hydropower can provide inexpensive, flexible fill-in power to compensate for intermittent renewable generation. We model the decision of a hydroelectric generator to shift power capacity away from the day-ahead energy market into a "wind-following" service ... Keywords: Hydroelectric power, wind, PJM, drought, energy policy

Alisha Fernandez; Seth Blumsack; Patrick Reed

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Reviewing progress in PJM's capacity market structure via the new reliability pricing model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Reliability Pricing Model introduces significant changes to the capacity market structure of PJM. The main feature of the RPM design is a downward-sloping demand curve, which replaces the highly volatile vertical demand curve. The authors review the latest RPM structure, results of the auctions, and the future course of the implementation process. (author)

Sener, Adil Caner; Kimball, Stefan

2007-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

56

The impact of FERC orders on the value of bidders in PJM  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A study of the responses of share prices of major bidders in the PJM auctions from the mid-1990s through 2006 finds statistically significant effects for some FERC decisions for a portfolio of bidders. In contrast to publicly stated policy objectives, the analysis shows that some FERC decisions significantly raised market expectations regarding the future profitability of bidders. (author)

Peters, Lon L.

2009-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

57

Midwest Independent Transmission System Operator | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Name Midwest Independent Transmission System Operator Place Carmel, IN References SGIC1 No information has been entered for this organization. Add Organization This article is a...

58

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline System - Midwest Region  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Natural Gas Pipelines in the Midwest Region Overview | Domestic Gas | Canadian Imports | Regional Pipeline Companies & Links. Overview Twenty-six interstate and at ...

59

Midwest Energy Cooperative (Ohio) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleMidwestEnergyCooperative(Ohio)&oldid412696" Categories: EIA Utility Companies and Aliases Utility Companies...

60

Argonne TDC: Midwest Links - Argonne National Laboratory  

Midwest Links . Illinois Tectnology Enterprise Center (ITEC): A state-funded center that opened its doors in Fall 2002 to serve life science / technology based ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interconnection pjm midwest" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Coordination of Retail Demand Response with Midwest ISO Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Robinson, Michael, 2008, "Demand Response in Midwest ISOPresentation at MISO Demand Response Working Group Meeting,Coordination of Retail Demand Response with Midwest ISO

Bharvirkar, Ranjit

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

EA-1835: Midwest Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership (MRCSP...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

35: Midwest Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership (MRCSP) Phase II Michigan Basin Project in Chester Township, Michigan EA-1835: Midwest Regional Carbon Sequestration...

63

Midwest Renewable Energy Corporation Partners LLC | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wind energy Product Iberdrola subsidiary that develops wind farms in Midwest USA and Canada. References Midwest Renewable Energy Corporation Partners LLC1 LinkedIn Connections...

64

Advanced Interconnect Development  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The objectives of this project are to develop cost-effective, optimized materials for intermediate temperature SOFC interconnect and interconnect/electrode interface applications and identify and understand degradation processes in interconnects and at their interfaces with electrodes.

Yang, Z.G.; Maupin, G.; Simner, S.; Singh, P.; Stevenson, J.; Xia, G.

2005-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

65

Superconductive interconnections for cryoelectronics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Factors affecting the use of superconducting interconnections for cryoelectronics will be examined. The fundamental questions to be answered are why interconnections are important for high performance computing

Kenneth Rose

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

The role of the ISO in U.S. electricity markets: A review of restructuring in California and PJM  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Despite their design differences, both the California and the Pennsylvania-New Jersey-Maryland (PJM) markets provide explicit roles for competition in the scheduling functions while allowing the independent system operator (ISO) to manage the spot market. Experience has shown that both can work. This article discusses the California and PJM approaches in an attempt to shed light on the controversy over the ISO`s role in pre-dispatch phases of the market. Section 1 describes the California market and Section 2 briefly review PJM. Section 3 outlines the costs and benefits associated with limiting the ISO`s role in the scheduling phases of the market. Section 4 summarizes recent experience in California and PJM and offers some conclusions.

Cameron, L. [Economics Resource Group, Boston, MA (United States); Cramton, P. [Univ. of Maryland, College Park, MD (United States)

1999-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

36.3. b. Order Relating to the PJM WH Real  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

After considering the complete record in this matter, including the comment letters received in response to its request for comments, the Commission has determined to issue the following Order: The Commission, pursuant to its authority under section 2(h)(7) of the Act, hereby determines that the PJM WH Real Time Off-Peak Daily contract, traded on the IntercontinentalExchange, Inc., does not at this time satisfy the material price preference or material liquidity criteria for significant price discovery contracts. Consistent with this determination, the IntercontinentalExchange, Inc., is not considered a registered entity 56 with respect to the PJM WH Real Time Off-Peak Daily contract and is not subject to the provisions of the Commodity Exchange Act applicable to registered entities. Further, the obligations, requirements and timetables prescribed in Commission rule 36.3(c)(4) governing core principle compliance by the IntercontinentalExchange, Inc., are not applicable to the PJM WH Real Time Off-Peak Daily contract with the issuance of this Order. This Order is based on the representations made to the Commission by the IntercontinentalExchange, Inc., dated

Time Off-peak; Daily Contract

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Midwest Transmission Workshop III Summary  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

OAK-B135 On March 12-13, 2002, the National Wind Coordinating Committee (NWCC), in cooperation with regional stakeholders, held a two-day workshop: Planning for Electrical Transmission Needs in the Upper Midwest. The workshop was the outgrowth of an effort to develop a forum and process for consideration of transmission options that strives for equitable allocation of benefits and impacts among all affected parties. The goal of this workshop was to provide a catalyst for an enhanced, inclusive process for transmission planning with participation of and acceptance by all affected stakeholders. Participants in the meeting included representatives of state and regional regulatory agencies, utilities and power generators, the wind industry, environmental and landowner interests, and other interested parties (see Attachment A for a list of meeting participants).

Kevin Bryan

2003-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

69

Midwest (PADD 2) Refinery and Blender Net Production of ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Midwest (PADD 2) Refinery and Blender Net Production of Finished Motor Gasoline (Thousand Barrels per Day)

70

Pulsed wave interconnect  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Pulsed wave interconnect is proposed for global interconnect applications. Signals are represented by localized wavepackets that propagate along the interconnect lines at the local speed of light to trigger the receivers. Energy consumption is reduced ... Keywords: CMOS, VLSI, high-speed interconnect, nonlinear transmission line, pulse compression, soliton, wafer-scale-integration

Pingshan Wang; Gen Pei; Edwin Chih-Chuan Kan

2004-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Interconnection | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Interconnection Interconnection Jump to: navigation, search Interconnection standards govern the technical and procedural process by which an electric customer connects an electric-generating system to the grid. Interconnection standards specify the technical, contractual, metering, and rate rules that system owners and utilities must abide by. Standards for systems interconnected at the distribution level are typically adopted by state public utility commissions, while the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) has adopted standards for systems interconnected at the transmission level. Not all states have adopted interconnection standards, and some state’ standards apply only to investor-owned utilities, – not to municipal utilities and electric cooperatives. [1]

72

Midwest Underground Technology | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Underground Technology Underground Technology Jump to: navigation, search Name Midwest Underground Technology Facility Midwest Underground Technology Sector Wind energy Facility Type Small Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Midwest Underground Technology Energy Purchaser Midwest Underground Technology Location Champaign IL Coordinates 40.15020987°, -88.29149723° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.15020987,"lon":-88.29149723,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

73

Mid-West Electric Consumers Association  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Mid-West Electric Consumers Association Mid-West Electric Consumers Association 4350 Wadsworth Blvd., Suite 330, Wheat Ridge, CO 80033 Tel: (303) 463-4979 Fax: (303) 463-8876 April 1, 2009 Transmission Infrastructure Program Western Area Power Administration P.O. Box 281213 Lakewood, CO 80228-8213 Comments on the Proposed Adoption of a Transmission Infrastructure Program The Mid-West Electric Consumers Association appreciates the opportunity to comment on the Western Area Power Administration's ("Western" or "WAPA") two Federal Register notices: Notice of Proposed Program and Request for Public Comments, and Notice of Availability of Request for Interest (FRN), published March 4, 2009 (pp. 9392-9393). The Mid-West Electric Consumers Association was founded in 1958 as the regional

74

Midwest Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership-Validation...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

26507 304-285-4133 dawn.deel@netl.doe.gov Darrell Paul Project Manager Midwest Regional Carbon Sequestration Project Battelle 505 King Avenue Columbus, OH 43201 614-424-5890...

75

Environment Midwest, January 1977 through December 1977  

SciTech Connect

This document compiles the January 1977 through December 1977 issuances of ENVIRONMENT MIDWEST into a single volume. This periodical publication reports on environmental protection in the midwestern United States.

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Midwest Energy Cooperative (Indiana) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Indiana) Jump to: navigation, search Name Midwest Energy Cooperative Place Indiana Utility Id 12377 References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File220101 LinkedIn...

77

Contrasts in restructuring wholesale electric markets: England/Wales, California, and the PJM  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The ways in which the British, the Californians, and the members of the Pennsylvania-Jersey-Maryland Pool (PJM) are restructuring their electric industries and designing markets provide fascinating political and technical contrasts with each other, particularly insofar as all three markets are roughly the same size, with energy sales of about 250--300 terawatt hours (TWh) annually. There have been significant differences in the drivers of change, objectives, and leadership, the legacies of the past, and the process of design, which are discussed in the first three sections. The fourth section describes the market designs in England and Wales, California, and the PJM, while the concluding section draws out the lessons of experience. While these lessons include specific principles regarding the objectives and structure of power exchanges, the maintenance of system stability and power transport, and the achieving of generation reliability, they also include several overarching conclusions. Perhaps chief among them, as will be clear from the discussion of the restructuring experience on both sides of the Atlantic, is that major restructurings can only be led by a public authority and will be successful in implementation only if that authority has a clear and realistic vision of where it wants to go.

Henney, A.

1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Midwest Grain Processors MGP | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Midwest Grain Processors MGP Midwest Grain Processors MGP Jump to: navigation, search Name Midwest Grain Processors (MGP) Place Lakota, Iowa Zip 50451 Product Iowa-based bioethanol producer using corn as feedstock. Coordinates 48.042535°, -98.335979° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":48.042535,"lon":-98.335979,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

79

MIDWEST REGIONAL CARBON SEQUESTRATION PARTNERSHIP THE UNITED  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

MIDWEST REGIONAL CARBON SEQUESTRATION PARTNERSHIP THE UNITED S T A T E S 2012 ATLAS CARBON UTILIZATION AND STORAGE Midwest Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership The Midwest Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership (MRCSP) region consists of nine neighboring states: Indiana, Kentucky, Maryland, Michigan, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia. Battelle Memorial Institute leads MRCSP, which includes nearly 40 organizations from the research community, energy industry, universities, non-government, and government organizations. The region has a diverse range of CO 2 sources and many opportunities for reducing CO 2 emissions through geologic storage and/or EOR. Potential locations for geologic storage in the MRCSP states extend from the deep rock formations in the broad

80

When a Rose Is Not a Rose: A Review of Recent Estimates of Congestion Costs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

York Electricity Markets, April 2003. PJM Interconnection,LLC (2002), PJM Interconnection State of the MarketReport 2001, Report of the PJM Market Monitoring Unit, June

Lesieutre, Bernard C.; Eto, Joseph H.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interconnection pjm midwest" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

The Fundamentals of Locational Marginal Pricing (LMP): Examples of Pricing Outcomes on the PJM System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As power industry restructuring continues, more and more industry participants will be exposed to financial uncertainties created by locational marginal pricing. These uncertainties differ from those experienced under traditional regulation as well as from the resource adequacy-related price spikes experienced in the Midwest in 1998 and in the West during 2000-2001. Instead, locational marginal pricing systems create uncertainty in the cost of transporting power from resources to loads. This report will ...

2003-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

82

Solar cell array interconnects  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Electrical interconnects are disclosed for solar cells or other electronic components using a silver-silicone paste or a lead-tin (Pb-Sn) no-clean fluxless solder cream, whereby the high breakage of thin (<6 mil thick) solar cells using conventional solder interconnect is eliminated. The interconnects of this invention employs copper strips which are secured to the solar cells by a silver-silicone conductive paste which can be used at room temperature, or by a Pb-Sn solder cream which eliminates undesired residue on the active surfaces of the solar cells. Electrical testing using the interconnects of this invention has shown that no degradation of the interconnects developed under high current testing, while providing a very low contact resistance value. 4 figs.

Carey, P.G.; Thompson, J.B.; Colella, N.J.; Williams, K.A.

1995-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

83

Solar cell array interconnects  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Electrical interconnects for solar cells or other electronic components using a silver-silicone paste or a lead-tin (Pb-Sn) no-clean fluxless solder cream, whereby the high breakage of thin (<6 mil thick) solar cells using conventional solder interconnect is eliminated. The interconnects of this invention employs copper strips which are secured to the solar cells by a silver-silicone conductive paste which can be used at room temperature, or by a Pb-Sn solder cream which eliminates undesired residue on the active surfaces of the solar cells. Electrical testing using the interconnects of this invention has shown that no degradation of the interconnects developed under high current testing, while providing a very low contact resistance value.

Carey, Paul G. (Mountain View, CA); Thompson, Jesse B. (Brentwood, CA); Colella, Nicolas J. (Livermore, CA); Williams, Kenneth A. (Livermore, CA)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Interconnection Transmission Planning: Awards | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interconnection Transmission Planning: Awards Interconnection Transmission Planning: Awards List of Interconnection Transmission Planning awards under the American Recovery and...

85

Midwest, Wyoming: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Midwest, Wyoming: Energy Resources Midwest, Wyoming: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 43.4113604°, -106.2800242° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":43.4113604,"lon":-106.2800242,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

86

Midwest Energy Cooperative | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Midwest Energy Cooperative Midwest Energy Cooperative Place Michigan Utility Id 12377 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png CONTROLLED WATER HEATING SERVICE SCHEDULE CWH (40 Gal) Residential CONTROLLED WATER HEATING SERVICE SCHEDULE CWH (80 Gal) Residential FARM AND HOME SERVICE SCHEDULE A Residential FARM AND HOME TIME-OF-USE SERVICE SCHEDULE A-TOU Residential FARM AND HOME TOU SERVICE PILOT SCHEDULE A-TOU PILOT Residential GENERAL SERVICE - Single Phase Commercial GENERAL SERVICE - Three Phase Commercial

87

Midwest Renewable Energy Corporation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Corporation Corporation Place Joice, Iowa Zip Iowa 50446 Sector Renewable Energy, Wind energy Product Midwest Renewable Energy Corporation (MREC) is a wind energy project developer in the Midwest USA and Canada. Coordinates 43.362225°, -93.458114° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":43.362225,"lon":-93.458114,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

88

Midwest Electric Member Corp | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Midwest Electric Member Corp Midwest Electric Member Corp Place Nebraska Utility Id 12539 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location MRO NERC MRO Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] Energy Information Administration Form 826[2] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Irrigation(All-Energy and Demand Charges) Commercial Large Power Industrial Rural Residential Residential School & Churches - Single Phase School & Churches - Three Phase Security Lights Metered Lighting Security Lights Unmetered Lighting Single-Phase Commercial - Monthly Commercial Single-Phase Dryer Service Commercial

89

Demand Response in U.S. Electricity Markets: Empirical Evidence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

22, 2009. Norristown, PA: PJM Interconnection, LLC, 2009.opennat.asp? fileID=11833372 PJM Interconnection, LLC.ISO New England (ISO-NE), and PJM Interconnection (PJM). The

Cappers, Peter

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Interconnection Standards (Utah  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

procedures are divided into three levels: * '''Level 1 Interconnection''' applies to inverter-based systems with a maximum capacity of 25 kilowatts (kW). These systems must comply...

91

Midwest Renewable Energy Projects LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Projects LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name Midwest Renewable Energy Projects LLC Place Florida Zip FL 33408 Sector Renewable Energy, Wind energy Product MRE Projects LLC is a...

92

Midwest Renewable Energy Services LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Midwest Renewable Energy Services LLC Place Florida Zip FL 33408 Sector Services, Wind energy Product MRE Services provides scheduling services to deliver a substantial portion of...

93

Midwest (PADD 2) Refinery Catalytic Hydrotreating, Diesel Fuel ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Hydro. Diesel Fuel Downstream Charge Capacity (B/SD ; Cat. Hydro. Diesel Fuel Downstream Charge Capacity (B/SD ; Midwest (PADD 2) Downstream Charge Capacity of ...

94

Midwest gasoline prices returning to normal - Today in Energy - U ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

As previously reported, Midwest gasoline prices shot up in April and May with refinery outagessome planned, some notthat lasted longer than expected, thus ...

95

Midwest Gasoline and Distillate Fuel Near-Term Outlook  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

The Energy Information Administration (EIA) reviewed the potential Midwest petroleum supply-demand balance and its implications for price behavior in the fourth quarter of 2001.

Information Center

2001-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

96

Interconnection Standards | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards Jump to: navigation, search Interconnection standards govern the technical and procedural process by which an electric customer connects an electric-generating system to the grid. Interconnection standards specify the technical, contractual, metering, and rate rules that system owners and utilities must abide by. Standards for systems interconnected at the distribution level are typically adopted by state public utility commissions, while the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) has adopted standards for systems interconnected at the transmission level. Not all states have adopted interconnection standards, and some states’ standards apply only to investor-owned utilities – not to municipal utilities and electric cooperatives. [1]

97

Interconnection Standards | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Buying & Making Electricity Solar Wind Program Info State Nevada Program Type Interconnection Provider Public Utilities Commission of Nevada In December 2003, the Nevada Public Utilities Commission (PUC) adopted interconnection standards for customers of NV Energy (formerly Nevada Power and Sierra Pacific Power) with on-site generation up to 20 megawatts (MW) in capacity. These standards are largely consistent with IEEE 1547 standards, California's interconnection rule (California Rule 21) and the model interconnection agreement developed by the National Association of

98

Interconnection Standards | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Buying & Making Electricity Water Energy Sources Solar Wind Program Info State Maine Program Type Interconnection Provider Maine Public Utilities Commission The Maine Public Utility Commission (PUC) adopted interconnection procedures in January 2010. These rules apply to all transmission and distribution utilities operating in the state and apply to all distribution generation (not just renewables). Maine's interconnection procedures, based in part on the Interstate Renewable Energy Council Inc. 2006 Model Interconnection Procedures,* identify four different tiers with

99

Interconnection Standards | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Wind Energy Sources Solar Program Info State Indiana Program Type Interconnection Provider Indiana Utility Regulatory Commission In November 2005, the Indiana Utility Regulatory Commission (IURC) approved rules governing the interconnection of distributed generation (DG). Indiana's interconnection rules require the state's investor-owned utilities to provide three levels of interconnection to customer-generators.

100

SOFC INTERCONNECT DEVELOPMENT  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

An interconnect for an SOFC stack is used to connect fuel cells into a stack. SOFC stacks are expected to run for 40,000 hours and 10 thermal cycles for the stationary application and 10,000 hours and 7000 thermal cycles for the transportation application. The interconnect of a stack must be economical and robust enough to survive the SOFC stack operation temperature of 750 C and must maintain the electrical connection to the fuel cells throughout the lifetime and under thermal cycling conditions. Ferritic and austenitic stainless steels, and nickel-based superalloys were investigated as possible interconnect materials for solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) stacks. The alloys were thermally cycled in air and in a wet nitrogen-argon-hydrogen (N2-Ar-H2-H2O) atmosphere. Thermogravimetry was used to determine the parabolic oxidation rate constants of the alloys in both atmospheres. The area-specific resistance of the oxide scale and metal substrates were measured using a two-probe technique with platinum contacts. The study identifies two new interconnect designs which can be used with both bonded and compressive stack sealing mechanisms. The new interconnect designs offer a solution to chromium vaporization, which can lead to degradation of some (chromium-sensitive) SOFC cathodes.

Diane M. England

2004-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interconnection pjm midwest" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Table HC12.8 Water Heating Characteristics by Midwest Census ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Water Heating Characteristics East North Central West North Central Midwest Census Region U.S. Housing Units (millions) Census Division Total Midwest

102

"Table HC12.13 Lighting Usage Indicators by Midwest Census Region...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3 Lighting Usage Indicators by Midwest Census Region, 2005" " Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"Midwest Census Region" ,"U.S. Housing Units (millions)" ,,,"Census Division" ,,"Total...

103

interconnect | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

interconnect interconnect Dataset Summary Description Emissions from energy use in buildings are usually estimated on an annual basis using annual average multipliers. Using annual numbers provides a reasonable estimation of emissions, but it provides no indication of the temporal nature of the emissions. Therefore, there is no way of understanding the impact on emissions from load shifting and peak shaving technologies such as thermal energy storage, on-site renewable energy, and demand control. Source NREL Date Released April 11th, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated April 11th, 2011 (3 years ago) Keywords buildings carbon dioxide emissions carbon footprinting CO2 commercial buildings electricity emission factors ERCOT hourly emission factors interconnect nitrogen oxides NOx

104

DOE Recognizes Midwest Industrial Efficiency Leaders | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Midwest Industrial Efficiency Leaders Midwest Industrial Efficiency Leaders DOE Recognizes Midwest Industrial Efficiency Leaders September 10, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis DETROIT, MI - The U.S. Department of Energy and Michigan Governor Jennifer M. Granholm joined with over 300 industry, state, and federal leaders to recognize industrial efficiency leaders and plot a course to accelerate industrial energy efficiency in the Midwest. As part of the Midwest Industrial Energy Efficiency Exchange that began last night and continued today, Governor Granholm and DOE announced 11 Save Energy Now awards recognizing industry leaders for their exemplary energy saving accomplishments. Attendees at the Energy Efficiency Exchange also had an opportunity to learn about new energy saving technologies and ways to

105

Midwest Region Combined Heat and Power Projects | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Midwest Region Combined Heat and Power Projects Midwest Region Combined Heat and Power Projects Midwest Region Combined Heat and Power Projects November 1, 2013 - 11:40am Addthis DOE's CHP Technical Assistance Partnerships (CHP TAPs) have compiled a select number of combined heat and power (CHP) project profiles, which are available as Adobe Acrobat PDFs. Midwest www.midwestCHPTAP.org John Cuttica University of Illinois at Chicago 312-996-4382 cuttica@uic.edu Cliff Haefke University of Illinois at Chicago 312-355-3476 chaefk1@uic.edu Illinois Adkins Energy, Lena Advocate South Suburban Hospital, Hazel Crest Antioch Community High School, Antioch Elgin Community College, Elgin Evanston Township High School, Evanston Hunter Haven Farms, Inc., Pearl City Jesse Brown VA Medical Center, Chicago Lake Forest Hospital, Lake Forest

106

Interconnection Standards | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Wind Energy Sources Solar Home Weatherization Program Info State Michigan Program Type Interconnection Provider Michigan Public Service Commission The Michigan Public Service Commission (PSC) first adopted interconnection standards for distributed generation (DG) in September 2003. The original standards provided for 5 levels of interconnection with cutoffs at 30 kilowatts (kW), 150 kW, 750 kW, and 2 megawatts (MW), but left many details

107

Interconnection Standards | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Solar Wind Program Info State Oregon Program Type Interconnection Provider Oregon Public Utility Commission Oregon has three separate interconnection standards: one for net-metered systems, one for small generator facilities (non-net metered systems) and one for large generator facilities (non-net metered systems). Oregon has also established separate net metering requirements and interconnection standards for the state's primary investor-owned utilities (PGE and

108

Interconnection Standards | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Wind Energy Sources Solar Home Weatherization Program Info State District of Columbia Program Type Interconnection Provider Washington Utilities and Transportation Commission In September 2007, the Washington Utilities and Transportation Commission (UTC) adopted interconnection standards for distributed generation (DG) systems up to 20 megawatts (MW) in capacity. The revised standards provide for two separate levels of interconnection based on system capacity. The

109

Interconnection Standards | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Solar Buying & Making Electricity Home Weatherization Water Wind Program Info State Kentucky Program Type Interconnection Provider Kentucky Public Service Commission In April 2008, Kentucky enacted legislation which required the Kentucky Public Service Commission (PSC) to develop interconnection and net metering guidelines for all retail electric suppliers operating in Kentucky (excluding TVA utilities). The Kentucky PSC adopted those guidelines on January 8, 2009 (Order 2008-00169). The PSC's rules set forth a two-tiered approach to simplify the interconnection process:

110

Interconnection Standards | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Energy Sources Solar Wind Program Info State Maryland Program Type Interconnection Provider Maryland Public Service Commission In April 2007, Maryland enacted legislation ([http://mgaleg.maryland.gov/2007RS/chapters_noln/Ch_119_sb0595E.pdf S.B. 595]) requiring the Maryland Public Service Commission (PSC) to form a small generator interconnection working group to develop interconnection standards and procedures that are "consistent with nationally adopted

111

Interconnection Guidelines | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interconnection Guidelines Interconnection Guidelines Interconnection Guidelines < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Buying & Making Electricity Energy Sources Solar Wind Program Info State Delaware Program Type Interconnection Provider Delaware Public Service Commission '''''Note: Delaware law ([http://delcode.delaware.gov/title26/c010/index.shtml#1014 26 Del. C. § 1014]) requires the Delaware Public Service Commission (PSC), Delaware Electric Cooperative (DEC), and municipal utilities to develop interconnection rules using as a guide the Interstate Renewable Energy Council's (IREC) model interconnection rules and the U.S. Department of

112

Interconnection Guidelines | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interconnection Guidelines Interconnection Guidelines Interconnection Guidelines < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Residential Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Wind Energy Sources Solar Program Info State Arizona Program Type Interconnection Provider Arizona Corporation Commission '''''Note: In June 2007, the Arizona Corporation Commission (ACC) initiated a rulemaking process to establish statewide interconnection standards for distributed generation (DG). This proceeding is still in progress. Until the new official rules go into effect, the commission has recommended that the utilities use the [http://images.edocket.azcc.gov/docketpdf/0000074361.pdf Interconnection

113

Interconnection Standards | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Wind Energy Sources Solar Program Info State Hawaii Program Type Interconnection Provider Hawaii Public Utilities Commission Hawaii has established simplified interconnection rules for small renewables and separate rules for all other distributed generation (DG). For inverter-based systems up to 10 kilowatts (kW) in capacity (and inverter-based DG under 250 kW on islands other than Kauai), there is a simple application process for interconnection. Systems must use inverters

114

Interconnection Standards | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Energy Sources Solar Home Weatherization Wind Program Info State Pennsylvania Program Type Interconnection Provider Pennsylvania Public Utility Commission The Pennsylvania Public Utilities Commission was required to adopt interconnection standards and net-metering rules by the Alternative Energy Portfolio Standards Act of 2004.The PUC subsequently adopted interconnection standards for net-metered distributed generation (DG)

115

Interconnection Standards | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Tribal Government Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Wind Energy Sources Solar Home Weatherization Program Info State South Dakota Program Type Interconnection Provider S.D. Public Utilities Commission South Dakota's interconnection standards for distributed generation, adopted by the state Public Utilities Commission (PUC) in May 2009, apply to customers of investor-owned utilities.* The rules provide for four levels of interconnection for systems up to 10 megawatts (MW) in capacity:

116

Interconnection Standards | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Wind Energy Sources Solar Home Weatherization Water Program Info State North Carolina Program Type Interconnection Provider North Carolina Utilities Commission The North Carolina Utilities Commission (NCUC) adopted comprehensive interconnection standards for distributed generation in June 2008. The NCUC standards, which are similar to the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission's (FERC) interconnection standards for small generators,

117

Interconnection Standards | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Wind Energy Sources Solar Program Info State New York Program Type Interconnection Provider New York State Department of Public Service New York first adopted uniform interconnection standards in 1999 (see history below). The Standard Interconnection Requirements (SIR) have subsequently been amended several times since, most recently with the adoption of far reaching revisions in February 2009. Several more minor

118

Interconnection Standards | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Wind Energy Sources Solar Program Info State Connecticut Program Type Interconnection Provider Public Utilities Regulatory Authority In December 2007, the Connecticut Department of Public Utility Control (DPUC) now called the Public Utilities Regulatory Authority (PURA) approved new interconnection guidelines for distributed energy systems up to 20 megawatts (MW) in capacity. Connecticut's interconnection guidelines apply to the state's two investor-owned utilities -- Connecticut Light and Power

119

Midwest Energy Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Inc Inc Address 1330 Canterbury Road Place Hays, Kansas Zip 67601 Product Electricity Natural Gas Number of employees 201-500 Phone number 785-625-3437 Website www.mwenergy.com/elecrate Utility Id 12524 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location SPP NERC SPP Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Transmission Yes Activity Buying Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes Activity Wholesale Marketing Yes Activity Retail Marketing Yes Activity Bundled Services Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] Energy Information Administration Form 826[2] SGIC[3] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Midwest Energy Inc. Smart Grid Project was awarded $712,257 Recovery Act

120

Midwest Electric, Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Electric, Inc Electric, Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Midwest Electric, Inc Place Ohio Zip 45885 Year founded 1936 Number of employees 11-50 Phone number 1-800-962-3830 Website www.midwestrec.com Coordinates 40.5396595°, -84.3962535° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.5396595,"lon":-84.3962535,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interconnection pjm midwest" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Midwest Renewable Energy LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

LLC LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name Midwest Renewable Energy LLC Place Sutherland, Nebraska Zip 69165 Product 25mmgy (94.6m litre/y) ethanol producer. Coordinates 37.19651°, -77.561418° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.19651,"lon":-77.561418,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

122

Midwest Nuclear Science and Engineering Consortium  

SciTech Connect

The objective of the Midwest Nuclear Science and Engineering Consortium (MNSEC) is to enhance the scope, quality and integration of educational and research capabilities of nuclear sciences and engineering (NS/E) programs at partner schools in support of the U.S. nuclear industry (including DOE laboratories). With INIE support, MNSEC had a productive seven years and made impressive progress in achieving these goals. Since the past three years have been no-cost-extension periods, limited -- but notable -- progress has been made in FY10. Existing programs continue to be strengthened and broadened at Consortium partner institutions. The enthusiasm generated by the academic, state, federal, and industrial communities for the MNSEC activities is reflected in the significant leveraging that has occurred for our programs.

Dr. Wynn Volkert; Dr. Arvind Kumar; Dr. Bryan Becker; Dr. Victor Schwinke; Dr. Angel Gonzalez; Dr. DOuglas McGregor

2010-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

123

MIDWEST GEOLOGICAL SEQUESTRATION CONSORTIUM THE UNITED S T A  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

MIDWEST GEOLOGICAL SEQUESTRATION CONSORTIUM THE UNITED S T A T E S 2012 ATLAS CARBON UTILIZATION AND STORAGE Midwest Geological Sequestration Consortium The Midwest Geological Sequestration Consortium (MGSC) is a consortium of the geologic surveys of Illinois, Indiana, and Kentucky joined by private corporations, professional business associations, the Interstate Oil and Gas Compact Commission, three Illinois state agencies, and university researchers to assess carbon capture, transportation, and geologic storage processes and their costs and viability in the Illinois Basin region. The Illinois State Geological Survey is the Lead Technical Contractor for MGSC, which covers all of Illinois, southwest Indiana, and western Kentucky. To avoid atmospheric release of CO

124

Energy Factors, Leasing Structure and the Market Price of Office Buildings in the U.S.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

York (several hubs), Ontario, PJM, MISO, ERCOT South, Intocontract delivering into the PJM Western hub. Assuming thatpeak real-time prices posted by PJM Interconnection, LLC, on

Jaffee, Dwight; Stanton, Richard; Wallace, Nancy

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Selling Random Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the increase in PJM regulating reserve requirements underof the increase in PJM regulating reserve requirements underpenetration scenario in the PJM interconnection (see Figure

Bitar, Eilyan Yamen

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Vertical Integration in Restructured Electricity Markets: Measuring Market Efficiency and Firm Conduct  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Stoft. 2000. Monitoring the PJM Energy Market: SummerUnit (MMU). 2000-2001. PJM Interconnection State of theintegration of ?rms in the PJM market re- duces electricity

Mansur, Erin T.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Optimal Real-time Dispatch for Integrated Energy Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Market Fundamentals PJM Historical RT hourly pricing. NOx NP NRC NREL OLS P&DC PJM PUCT PURPA PV RETScreen RReDCfollowing sources. Baltimore PJM Interconnection clearing

Firestone, Ryan Michael

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Energy Factors, Leasing Structure and the Market Price of Office Buildings in the U.S.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

York (several hubs), Ontario, PJM, MISO, ERCOT South, Intocontract delivering into the PJM Western hub. Assuming thatpeak real-time prices posted by PJM Interconnection, LLC, on

Jaffee, Dwight M.; Stanton, Richard; Wallace, Nancy E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

On the Efficiency of the New York Independent System Operator Market for Transmission Congestion Contracts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

control areas (Ontario, PJM, New England, and Qubec), andHydro-Qubec New England Ontario PJM Table 14. NYISO TCCMaryland-New Jersey (PJM) Interconnection. Whereas the

Siddiqui, Afzal S.; Bartholomew, Emily S.; Marnay, Chris; Oren, Shmuel S.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

The relationship between policy choice and the size of the policy region: Why small jurisdictions may prefer renewable energy policies to reduce CO2 emissions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pennsylvania Jersey Maryland (PJM) Interconnection, coveringapproximately 1/4 of the PJM market, MassachusettsMarket (e.g. Virginia in the PJM Market) CES RPS Percentage

Accordino, Megan H.; Rajagopal, Deepak

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Interconnection Standards | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

You are here You are here Home » Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Water Solar Wind Program Info State Iowa Program Type Interconnection Provider Iowa Utilities Board Different rules govern the interconnection of distributed generation facilities in Iowa, depending on whether or not the interconnection is with a utility whose rates are regulated by the Iowa Utilities Board (IUB). Rate regulated utilities include only the state's two investor-owned utilities -- MidAmerican Energy and Interstate Power and Light (IPL) -- and Linn

132

Interconnection Standards | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Multi-Family Residential Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Solar Water Wind Program Info State New Jersey Program Type Interconnection Provider New Jersey Board of Public Utilities New Jersey's interconnection standards apply statewide to all electric distribution utilities, but not to the small number of municipal utilities and electric cooperatives in the state. The rules, first adopted in 2001, have been revised several times since their inception, most recently in May 2012. The current standards include the following basic provisions:

133

Interconnection Standards | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Institutional Nonprofit Residential Schools Utility Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Wind Energy Sources Solar Program Info State Colorado Program Type Interconnection Provider Colorado Public Utilities Commission In December 2005, the Colorado Public Utilities Commission (PUC) adopted standards for net metering and interconnection, as required by Amendment 37, a renewable-energy ballot initiative approved by Colorado voters in November 2004. The PUC standards generally apply to utilities with 40,000 or more customers and all cooperative utilities.*

134

Interconnection Standards | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government General Public/Consumer Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Tribal Government Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Water Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Solar Home Weatherization Wind Program Info State Florida Program Type Interconnection Provider Florida Public Service Commission In March 2008, the Florida Public Service Commission (PSC) adopted interconnection rules for renewable-energy systems up to two megawatts (MW) in capacity. The PSC rules apply only to the state's investor-owned utilities; the rules do not apply to electric cooperatives or municipal

135

Interconnection Standards | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

You are here You are here Home » Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Residential Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Wind Energy Sources Solar Program Info State Vermont Program Type Interconnection Provider Vermont Public Service Board Vermont has adopted separate interconnection standards for net-metered energy systems that are 150 kW or less, and for all other distributed-generation (DG) systems. '''Interconnection Standards for Net-Metered Systems 150 kW or less''' Vermont requires electric utilities to offer net metering to all customers with photovoltaic (PV) systems, wind-energy systems, fuel cells or

136

Interconnection Standards | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Biofuels Alternative Fuel Vehicles Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Wind Energy Sources Solar Home Weatherization Program Info State Wisconsin Program Type Interconnection Provider Public Service Commission of Wisconsin In February 2004, the Wisconsin Public Service Commission adopted interconnection standards for distributed generation (DG) systems up to 15 megawatts (MW) in capacity. All investor-owned utilities (IOUs) and municipal utilities are required to abide by the standard provisions.

137

Interconnection Guidelines | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interconnection Guidelines Interconnection Guidelines Interconnection Guidelines < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Wind Energy Sources Solar Home Weatherization Water Program Info State South Carolina Program Type Interconnection Provider Public Service Commission of South Carolina The South Carolina Public Service Commission (PSC) adopted simplified interconnection guidelines for small distributed generation (DG) in December 2006. These guidelines address renewable-energy systems and other forms of DG up to 20 kilowatts (kW) in capacity for residential systems,

138

Interconnection Standards | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Residential Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Wind Energy Sources Solar Program Info State Texas Program Type Interconnection Provider Public Utility Commission of Texas The Texas Public Utility Regulatory Act (PURA) of 1999 included a provision that "a customer is entitled to have access to on-site distributed generation". As a result, the Public Utility Commission of Texas (PUCT) adopted interconnection standards in 1999. The rules apply to electrical generating facilities (consisting of one or more on-site distributed-generation units) located at a customer's point of delivery,

139

Interconnection Standards | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Wind Energy Sources Solar Program Info State Minnesota Program Type Interconnection Provider Minnesota Public Utilities Commission Minnesota's net-metering law, enacted in 1983, applies to all investor-owned utilities, municipal utilities and rural electric cooperatives. Qualifying facilities of less than 1,000 kilowatts (kW) are eligible for net metering. However, uniform interconnection regulations were not implemented when net metering was established.

140

Interconnection Guidelines | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interconnection Guidelines Interconnection Guidelines Interconnection Guidelines < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Residential Savings Category Bioenergy Buying & Making Electricity Solar Home Weatherization Water Wind Program Info State Nebraska Program Type Interconnection Provider Nebraska Energy Office Nebraska enacted legislation in May 2009 [http://nebraskalegislature.gov/FloorDocs/101/PDF/Final/LB436.pdf (LB 436)], establishing general rules for interconnecting and net metering systems that generate electricity. Nebraska's policy applies to systems that use solar, wind, methane, biomass, hydropower or geothermal resources to produce electricity and have a rated capacity of 25 kilowatts (kW) or less. To be eligible, a facility must meet all applicable safety, performance,

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interconnection pjm midwest" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Interconnection Standards | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Buying & Making Electricity Water Solar Wind Program Info State Virginia Program Type Interconnection Provider Virginia State Corporation Commission Virginia has two interconnection standards: one for net-metered systems and one for systems that are not net-metered. '''Interconnection for Net-Metered Systems''' Customer-generators that net meter must comply with the interconnection rules within the regulations governing net metering (20 VAC 5-315-40). These rules apply to residential customers generating up to 10 kW* and commercial systems of up to 500 kW (or greater if the utility's net

142

Wealth Transfers Among Large Customers from Implementing Real-Time Retail Electricity Pricing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Available at http://www.ucei.org. PJM Interconnection Marketmarket-monitor/downloads/mmu- reports/pjm-som-2004.pdf.

Borenstein, Severin

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

A Climatic Review of Summer 1983 in the Upper Midwest  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The review of the climate of the summer of 1983 and associated economic impacts were collated by the state climatologists of 12 states of the Upper Midwest. Their data archives and facilities permitted relatively fast analysis of cooperative ...

W. M. Wendland; L. D. Bark; D. R. Clark; R. B. Curry; J. W. Enz; K. G. Hubbard; V. Jones; E. L. Kuehnast; W. Lytle; J. Newman; F. V. Nurnberger; P. Waite

1984-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

NETL: News Release -Midwest Has Potential to Store Hundreds of...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

16, 2011 Midwest Has Potential to Store Hundreds of Years of CO2 Emissions Regional Partnership's Phase II Field Tests Validate Earlier Research Results Washington, D.C. - Geologic...

145

Pavan Balaji selected as TEDxMidwest Emerging Leader | Argonne...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

selected as TEDxMidwest Emerging Leader May 14, 2013 Tweet EmailPrint Pavan Balaji, a computer scientist in Argonne's Mathematics and Computer Science Division, was selected as a...

146

Midwest (PADD 2) Exports of Normal Butane-Butylene (Thousand ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Midwest (PADD 2) Exports of Normal Butane-Butylene (Thousand Barrels per Day) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec; 1981: 0: 0: 0: 0: ...

147

Midwest (PADD 2) Normal Butane-Butylene Stock Change (Thousand ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Midwest (PADD 2) Normal Butane-Butylene Stock Change (Thousand Barrels per Day) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec; 1981-4-34-7: 14: ...

148

Water Balance of the 1993 Midwest Flood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Throughout the spring and summer months of 1993, extended rainfall throughout much of the Midwestern United States caused record flooding that inundated much of the Upper Mississippi River Basin (UMRB). Precipitation in May was more then twice the normal over an area that extended from southeastern South Dakota across Iowa to eastern Kansas. From early June to the end of July, high amounts of precipitation persisted over the upper Midwest (Wahl, et al., 1993). USGS records indicated that at 45 streamflow gauging stations, the peak discharge recorded during 1993 had recurrence intervals of greater than 100 years. However, because of the natural and man-made changes in the flood region, some sites had less-than-record peak discharges (Parret, et al., 1993). The storage of large volumes of water in reservoirs significantly reduced the peak flow and flood damages downstream from the dams (Southard, 1993). Following the 1993 Midwest flood, President Clinton established the Scientific Assessment and Strategy Team (SAST) on November 24, 1993, to study the effects of the flood and to make recommendations about future flood preparedness. The SAST joined the Interagency Floodplain Management Review Committee (FMRC) on January 10, 1994 (FMRC, 1994). As part of this effort, the SAST project identified a need for a daily water balance of the flooded area to determine how much water fell and how quickly it moved through the landscape. There were two significant policy issues resulting from the flood: (1) how did the flood volume and velocity of flow increase by land use changes associated with agricultural development in the Midwest, including extensive drainage of wetlands; and (2) what plan should be adopted for restoration of failed levee systems. The first of these questions is hydrologic, the second, hydraulic. The hydraulic issues were addressed by the SAST project and related efforts by modeling the motion of water through the main tributaries of the Mississippi and Missouri Rivers where the major levee failures occurred. The hydrologic questions were not so readily addressed because of the huge region affected by the flood, some 700,000 km2 in area. Flood hydrology models are normally applied to regions 100 to 1,000 times smaller than this area. Thus, the need for the present study arose to model the movement of water through the landscape of the SAST study area by constructing a daily water balance in a series of subwatersheds in the flooded area. A USGS WEB site designated for SAST is located at: http://edcwww2.cr.usgs.gov/sast-home.html . Figure 1.1 shows the location and the extent of the SAST study area. This region covers all of the UMRB above St. Louis and that portion of the Missouri Basin whose drainage enters the Missouri River by watershed (Missouri, Platte, Kansas, Osage, and Gasconade Rivers). The contribution of the remainder of the Missouri Basin was accounted for by using gauged data from tributary flows at the border of the study region. The goal of this project was to calculate the daily water balance for the SAST region for 1993. A Geographic Information System (GIS) was used to determine the balance. GIS offers a technology to formulate more objective and consistent methods to synthesize collected data and to assess water quality and quantity over large areas (Maidment, 1996). The spatial resolution of the SAST region was defined by the location of discharge gauging stations as well as the completeness and quality of the discharge record. The preliminary analysis was performed using daily discharge values recorded at 261 USGS stations from 01/01/1993 to 09/30/1993. The final water balance was estimated for 132 watersheds defined by the stations that have a complete discharge record for all days of 1993. The cumulative storage values were then spatially averaged over 4

Mizgalewicz, Pawel J.; Maidment, David R.; White, W. Scott; Ridd, Merrill K.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

KTFC Midwest Bible Radio Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

KTFC Midwest Bible Radio Wind Farm KTFC Midwest Bible Radio Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name KTFC Midwest Bible Radio Wind Farm Facility KTFC Midwest Bible Radio Sector Wind energy Facility Type Small Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner KTFC Midwest Bible Radio Energy Purchaser KTFC Midwest Bible Radio Location IA Coordinates 42.4837°, -96.3068° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.4837,"lon":-96.3068,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

150

2008 Midwest Levee Failure: Erosion Studies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The United States contains an estimated 100,000 miles (160000 km) of levees in which erosion related issues are the top priorities. Proper documentation of overtopping induced erosion is a complicated issue involving the collection and analysis of timesensitive field data and personal observations. This thesis is a study of the performance of the Midwest Levee system during the 2008 flooding events. The goal of the Midwest Levee investigation was to gather and analyze perishable data in an effort to provide a comprehensive overview at each breach location. To predict how a site will perform during a particular flood event, there are three main inputs: the flood conditions, the site conditions, and the soil properties. Site geometry and imperfections can greatly affect the performance of a levee system. Any low spots or potential seepage paths can concentrate the flow and be detrimental to the levee. The vegetative cover is the single most important condition at a site. As seen in the Brevator case, vegetative armor can prevent failure of a levee comprised of less resistant soils subjected to long periods of overtopping. Recommended grasses include: Switchgrass, Smooth Brome, Reed Canarygrass, and Tall Fescue. It is also recommended that grasses are kept at least 0.5 m tall during the flood season and to limit the presence of trees to 10 m beyond the levee toe. The erosion resistance of the materials comprising the levee is also important. From the correlations in this study, it was determined that erodibility is influenced by grain size, relative compaction, clay content, and activity. Devices like the Torvane and Pocket Erodometer can also be used to get a quick field estimate of erosion. While these correlations and field devices give insight into an erodibility value, they are no substitute for site specific analysis with laboratory equipment such as the Erosion Function Apparatus. Soil behavior is highly nonlinear and the entire erosion function is needed to get an accurate measure of the erodibility of a soil. By combining these properties in an erosion matrix, a prediction of whether a site will withstand a given flood event can be made.

Bernhardt, Michelle Lee

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

REVIEW----DOE RESPONSE.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

) ) International Transmission Company ) Docket No. PP-230-4 d/b/a ITCTransmission ) RESPONSE OF PJM INTERCONNECTION, L.L.C. TO ANSWER OF INTERNATIONAL TRANSMISSION COMPANY d/b/a ITCTransmission AND SUPPLEMENTAL COMMENTS ON BEHALF OF THE MIDWEST INDEPENDENT TRANSMISSION SYSTEM OPERATOR, INC. On April 14, 2011, International Transmission Company, d/b/a ITCTransmission ("ITC" or "Applicant") filed an answer

152

Interconnection Guidelines | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interconnection Guidelines Interconnection Guidelines Interconnection Guidelines < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Buying & Making Electricity Solar Wind Program Info State Missouri Program Type Interconnection Provider Missouri Department of Natural Resources Missouri enacted legislation (S.B. 54) in June 2007 requiring all of the state's electric utilities -- including municipal utilities and electric cooperatives -- to offer net metering to customers with systems up to 100 kilowatts (kW) in capacity that generate electricity using wind energy, solar-thermal energy, hydroelectric energy, photovoltaics (PV), fuel cells

153

Interconnection Standards | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

(S.B. 680) requiring the Illinois Commerce Commission (ICC) to establish standards for net metering and interconnection for renewable energy systems by April 1, 2008....

154

Interconnection Guidelines | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

net-metering law includes basic interconnection requirements for systems up to 25 kilowatts (kW) in capacity that generate electricity using solar, wind, hydropower or biomass...

155

Interconnection Standards | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Biofuels Alternative Fuel Vehicles Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Energy Sources Solar Home Weatherization Wind Program Info State New Hampshire Program Type Interconnection Provider New Hampshire Public Utilities Commission New Hampshire requires all utilities selling electricity in the state to offer net metering to customers who own or operate systems up to one megawatt (1 MW) in capacity that generate electricity using solar, wind, geothermal, hydro, tidal, wave, biomass, landfill gas, bio-oil or

156

Interconnection Standards | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Wind Energy Sources Solar Program Info State New Mexico Program Type Interconnection Provider New Mexico Public Regulation Commission Interconnection in New Mexico is governed by New Mexico Public Regulation Commission (PRC) Rule 568 and Rule 569. These rules, adopted in July 2008, revised and clarified the state's existing rules. Rule 569 applies to all qualifying facilities (QFs) under PURPA, which generally includes all renewable-energy systems and combined-heat-and-power (CHP) systems up to 80

157

Interconnection Standards | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Wind Energy Sources Solar Program Info State Ohio Program Type Interconnection Provider Ohio Public Utilities Commission '''''Note: In July 2012, the Public Utilities Commission of Ohio (PUCO) opened a docket ([http://dis.puc.state.oh.us/CaseRecord.aspx?CaseNo=12-2051&x=0&y=0 Case 12-0251-EL-ORD]) to review the net metering and interconnection rules for investor-owned utilities. Details will be posted as more information is available.'''''

158

interconnect region | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

interconnect region interconnect region Dataset Summary Description Datasets are for the US electricity grid system interconnect regions (ASCC, FRCC, HICC, MRO, NPCC, RFC, SERC, SPP, TRE, WECC) for 2008. The data is provided in life cycle inventory (LCI) forms (both xls and xml). A module report and a detailed spreadsheet are also included. Source US Life Cycle Inventory Database Date Released May 01st, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords ASCC FRCC HICC interconnect region LCI life cycle inventory MRO NPCC RFC SERC SPP TRE unit process US utilities WECC Data application/zip icon interconnect_lci_datasets_2008.zip (zip, 6.3 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period License License Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and Licence (PDDL)

159

Process for electrically interconnecting electrodes  

SciTech Connect

Electrical interconnects for solar cells or other electronic components using a silver-silicone paste or a lead-tin (Pb--Sn) no-clean fluxless solder cream, whereby the high breakage of thin (<6 mil thick) solar cells using conventional solder interconnect is eliminated. The interconnects of this invention employs copper strips which are secured to the solar cells by a silver-silicone conductive paste which can be used at room temperature, or by a Pb--Sn solder cream which eliminates undesired residue on the active surfaces of the solar cells. Electrical testing using the interconnects of this invention has shown that no degradation of the interconnects developed under high current testing, while providing a very low contact resistance value.

Carey, Paul G. (Mountain View, CA); Thompson, Jesse B. (Brentwood, CA); Colella, Nicolas J. (Livermore, CA); Williams, Kenneth A. (Livermore, CA)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

EA-1835: Midwest Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership (MRCSP) Phase II  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

35: Midwest Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership (MRCSP) 35: Midwest Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership (MRCSP) Phase II Michigan Basin Project in Chester Township, Michigan EA-1835: Midwest Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership (MRCSP) Phase II Michigan Basin Project in Chester Township, Michigan Summary NOTE: This EA has been cancelled. This EA will evaluate the environmental impacts of a proposal to provide approximately $65.5 million in financial assistance in a cost-sharing arrangement with the project proponent, MRCSP. MRCSP's proposed project would use CO2 captured from an existing natural gas processing plant in Chester Township, pipe it approximately 1 mile to an injection well, and inject it into a deep saline aquifer for geologic sequestration. This project would demonstrate the geologic sequestration of 1,000,000 metric

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interconnection pjm midwest" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Midwest Renewable Energy Tracking System (Multiple States) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Renewable Energy Tracking System (Multiple States) Renewable Energy Tracking System (Multiple States) Midwest Renewable Energy Tracking System (Multiple States) < Back Eligibility Developer Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Illinois Program Type Green Power Purchasing Provider MidWest ISO The Midwest Renewable Energy Tracking System (M-RETS®) tracks renewable energy generation in participating States and Provinces and assists in verifying compliance with individual state/provincial or voluntary Renewable Portfolio Standards (RPS) and objectives. M-RETS® is a tool to keep track of all relevant information about renewable energy produced and delivered in the region. Currently, several States and Provinces participate in M-RETS®: Illinois,

162

Midwest Energy Inc. Smart Grid Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Midwest Energy Inc. Midwest Energy Inc. Country United States Headquarters Location Hays, Kansas Recovery Act Funding $712,257.00 Total Project Value $1,424,514.00 Coverage Area Coverage Map: Midwest Energy Inc. Smart Grid Project Coordinates 38.8791783°, -99.3267702° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

163

Remote Sensing of Flooding in the U.S. Upper Midwest during the Summer of 1993  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The U.S. upper Midwest was subjected to severe flooding during the summer of 1993. Heavy rainfall in the Mississippi River basin from April through July caused flooding of many Midwest rivers, including the Mississippi, Illinois, Missouri, and ...

Liam E. Gumley; Michael D. King

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

North Woods River: The St. Croix River in Upper Midwest History  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

>, PhD Student, Department of History, PO Box 6023, BuildingRiver in Upper Midwest History. By McMahon, Eileen M. andRiver in Upper Midwest History. Madison, WI: University of

Karalus, Daniel E

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Demand responsive programs - an emerging resource for competitive electricity markets?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

References Bressler, Stu (PJM Interconnection, L.L.C. ).01, Effective Date: 06/01/00. PJM Interconnection, L.L.C. ,Market Monitoring Unit 2000. PJM Interconnection State of

Heffner, Dr. Grayson C.; Goldman, Charles A.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

NETL: Carbon Storage - Midwest Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

MRCSP MRCSP Carbon Storage Midwest Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership MORE INFO Additional information related to ongoing MRCSP efforts can be found on their website. The Midwest Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership (MRCSP) was established to assess the technical potential, economic viability, and public acceptability of carbon storage within a region consisting of nine contiguous states: Indiana, Kentucky, Maryland, Michigan, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia. A group of leading universities, state geological surveys, non-governmental organizations and private companies, led by Battelle Memorial Institute, has been assembled to carry out this research. The MRCSP currently consists of nearly 40 members; each contributing technical knowledge, expertise and cost sharing.

167

Midwest (PADD 2) Imports by PADD of Processing from Venezuela of ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Midwest (PADD 2) Imports by PADD of Processing from Venezuela of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products (Thousand Barrels)

168

Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Initiative: Topic...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

State Agency Input Regarding Electric Resource and Transmission Planning in the Texas Interconnection Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Initiative: Topic B, State Agency...

169

Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Initiative: Topic...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Initiative: Topic B, State Agency Input Regarding Electric Resource and Transmission Planning in the Texas Interconnection...

170

Kinsus Interconnect Technology Corp | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kinsus Interconnect Technology Corp Jump to: navigation, search Name Kinsus Interconnect Technology Corp Place Taiwan Sector Solar Product Engaged in the manufacture of chip...

171

Interconnection Standards | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Alternative Fuel Vehicles Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Solar Home Weatherization Wind Program Info State Utah Program Type Interconnection Provider Utah Public Service Commission Utah requires the state's only investor-owned utility, Rocky Mountain Power (RMP), and most electric cooperatives* to offer net metering to customers who generate electricity using solar energy, wind energy, hydropower, hydrogen, biomass, landfill gas, geothermal energy, waste gas or waste heat capture and recovery. The bill that established net metering also established some basic rules for interconnection. In April 2010, the Utah Public Service Commission (PSC) adopted final rules for interconnection. The rules described below took effect April 30, 2010.

172

The Midwest Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership (MRCSP)  

SciTech Connect

This final report summarizes the Phase I research conducted by the Midwest regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership (MRCSP). The Phase I effort began in October 2003 and the project period ended on September 31, 2005. The MRCSP is a public/private partnership led by Battelle with the mission of identifying the technical, economic, and social issues associated with implementation of carbon sequestration technologies in its seven state geographic region (Indiana, Kentucky, Maryland, Michigan, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia) and identifying viable pathways for their deployment. It is one of seven partnerships that together span most of the U.S. and parts of Canada that comprise the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Regional Carbon Sequestration Program led by DOE's national Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL). The MRCSP Phase I research was carried out under DOE Cooperative Agreement No. DE-FC26-03NT41981. The total value of Phase I was $3,513,513 of which the DOE share was $2,410,967 or 68.62%. The remainder of the cost share was provided in varying amounts by the rest of the 38 members of MRCSP's Phase I project. The next largest cost sharing participant to DOE in Phase I was the Ohio Coal Development Office within the Ohio Air Quality Development Authority (OCDO). OCDO's contribution was $100,000 and was contributed under Grant Agreement No. CDO/D-02-17. In this report, the MRCSP's research shows that the seven state MRCSP region is a major contributor to the U. S. economy and also to total emissions of CO2, the most significant of the greenhouse gases thought to contribute to global climate change. But, the research has also shown that the region has substantial resources for sequestering carbon, both in deep geological reservoirs (geological sequestration) and through improved agricultural and land management practices (terrestrial sequestration). Geological reservoirs, especially deep saline reservoirs, offer the potential to permanently store CO2 for literally 100s of years even if all the CO2 emissions from the region's large point sources were stored there, an unlikely scenario under any set of national carbon emission mitigation strategies. The terrestrial sequestration opportunities in the region have the biophysical potential to sequester up to 20% of annual emissions from the region's large point sources of CO2. This report describes the assumptions made and methods employed to arrive at the results leading to these conclusions. It also describes the results of analyses of regulatory issues in the region affecting the potential for deployment of sequestration technologies. Finally, it describes the public outreach and education efforts carried out in Phase I including the creation of a web site dedicated to the MRCSP at www.mrcsp.org.

James J. Dooley; Robert Dahowski; Casie Davidson

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Crop-Hail Damage in the Midwest Corn Belt  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Crop-hail damage in the ten Midwest corn belt states is examined during the period 195781. Estimates of crop losses due to hail are made from hail insurance data for each state and each significant crop in the region. The crop-hail losses are ...

Harry J. Hillaker Jr.; Paul J. Waite

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Interconnection Agreements for Onsite Generation  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interconnection Agreements Interconnection Agreements for Onsite Generation Office of Real Property Asset Management Office of General Counsel Real Property Division Richard R. Butterworth Senior Assistant General Counsel (202) 501-4436 richard.butterworth@gsa.gov The Problem: * Most agreements require indemnity clauses - usually either by tariff or by the submission of standard contracts to PSCs * Federal Government precluded from providing indemnity by: * Anti-deficiency Act - 31 U.S.C. 665(a) * Adequacy of Appropriations Act - 41 U.S.C. 11 GSA - Utility Interconnection Agreements GSA - Utility Interconnection Agreements * Exception: Utility Contracts * GAO decision sets the foundation for exception for utility contracts - 59 Comp. Gen. 705 * But it's a narrow exception

175

Interconnection Standards | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards Interconnection Standards < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Residential Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Wind Energy Sources Solar Program Info State California Program Type Interconnection Provider California Public Utilities Commission '''''Note: The California Public Utilities Commission (CPUC) approved a [http://docs.cpuc.ca.gov/EFILE/MOTION/162852.PDF proposed settlement] in September 2012, enacting the first fundamental redesign of Rule 21 since 2000. The complete revised Rule 21 Tariff, as described at a high level below, can be found beginning on page 136 of CPUC Decision 12-09-018. The individual tariffs adopted by the utilities can be found on the CPUC web

176

Renewable Systems Interconnection: Executive Summary  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy launched the Renewable Systems Interconnection (RSI) study in 2007 to address the challenges to high penetrations of distributed renewable energy technologies. The RSI study consists of 14 additional reports.

Kroposki, B.; Margolis, R.; Kuswa, G.; Torres, J.; Bower, W.; Key, T.; Ton, D.

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Microsoft PowerPoint - Herling.ppt  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

09 1 Congestion and the PJM Regional Transmission Plan Steven R. Herling Vice President, Planning PJM Interconnection March 25, 2009 PJM2009 2 PJM as Part of the Eastern...

178

Topic A Awardee: Eastern Interconnection Planning Collaborative |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

A Awardee: Eastern Interconnection Planning A Awardee: Eastern Interconnection Planning Collaborative Topic A Awardee: Eastern Interconnection Planning Collaborative Eastern Interconnection Planning Collaborative The Eastern Interconnection Planning Collaborative (EIPC) was initiated by a coalition of regional Planning Authorities. These Planning Authorities are entities listed on the NERC compliance registry as Planning Authorities and represent the entire Eastern Interconnection. The EIPC was founded to be a broad-based, transparent collaborative process among all interested stakeholders: State and Federal policy makers Consumer and environmental interests Transmission Planning Authorities Market participants generating, transmitting or consuming electricity within the Eastern Interconnection. The EIPC will provide a grass-roots approach which builds upon the regional

179

Computational Needs for the Next Generation Electric Grid Proceedings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ott,UnitcommitmentinPJM,TechnicalConferenceonUnitThelong? termplanningatPJMandMISOintermsofwindastwo exceptions. IntheMidwest,PJMandMISO,andin

Birman, Kenneth

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Interconnection Standards | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Industrial Industrial Residential Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Solar Home Weatherization Wind Program Info State West Virginia Program Type Interconnection Provider West Virginia Public Service Commission In 2006, West Virginia stakeholders came together to consider net metering, interconnection as required by the Federal Energy Policy Act (2005) and agreed upon a "Statement of Consensus Among Parties," which was presented to and accepted by the West Virginia Public Service Commission (PSC) in December 2006. The consensus agreement did include interconnection guidelines for the state, however, the PSC did not initiate a formal rule-making or incorporate the guidelines into agency rules. Rather, the

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interconnection pjm midwest" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Interconnection Guidelines | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Bioenergy Bioenergy Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Buying & Making Electricity Solar Home Weatherization Wind Program Info State Kansas Program Type Interconnection Provider Kansas Corporation Commission Kansas adopted the Net Metering and Easy Connection Act in May 2009 (see K.S.A. 66-1263 through 66-1271), establishing interconnection guidelines and net metering for customer-owned generators. Net metering and the accompanying interconnection guidelines apply to systems that generate electricity using solar, wind, methane, biomass or hydro resources, and to fuel cells using hydrogen produced by an eligible renewable technology, with a rated capacity of 25 kilowatts (kW) or less for residential customers, 200 kW or less for non-residential customers and 1.5 megawatts

182

GSA-Utility Interconnection Agreements  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Property Property Asset Management Office of General Counsel Real Property Division Richard R. Butterworth Senior Assistant General Counsel (202) 501-4436 richard.butterworth@gsa.gov The Problem: * Most agreements require indemnity clauses - usually either by tariff or by the submission of standard contracts to PSCs * Federal Government precluded from providing indemnity by: * Anti-deficiency Act - 31 U.S.C. 665(a) * Adequacy of Appropriations Act - 41 U.S.C. 11 GSA - Utility Interconnection Agreements GSA - Utility Interconnection Agreements Exception: Utility Contracts * GAO decision sets the foundation for exception for utility contracts - 59 Comp. Gen. 705 * But it's a narrow exception - B-197583, January 19, 1981 GSA - Utility Interconnection Agreements

183

Interconnection Guidelines | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

General Public/Consumer General Public/Consumer Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Wind Solar Program Info State Arkansas Program Type Interconnection Provider Arkansas Public Service Commission In April 2001, Arkansas enacted legislation directing the Arkansas Public Service Commission (PSC) to establish net-metering rules for certain renewable-energy systems. The Arkansas Public Service Commission (PSC) adopted net-metering rules in July 2002 (Order No. 02-046-R). Section 3 applies to the interconnection of net-metered facilities to existing electric power systems.* Systems that generate electricity using solar, wind, hydro, geothermal and biomass resources are eligible to interconnect

184

AEO2011: Renewable Energy Generation by Fuel - Midwest Reliability Council  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

West West Dataset Summary Description This dataset comes from the Energy Information Administration (EIA), and is part of the 2011 Annual Energy Outlook Report (AEO2011). This dataset is table 101, and contains only the reference case. The dataset uses gigawatts, billion kilowatthours and quadrillion Btu. The data is broken down into generating capacity, electricity generation and energy consumption. Source EIA Date Released April 26th, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords 2011 AEO EIA Energy Generation Fuel midwest Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon AEO2011: Renewable Energy Generation by Fuel - Midwest Reliability Council / West- Reference Case (xls, 119 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Peer Reviewed Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Annually

185

AEO2011: Electric Power Projections for EMM Region - Midwest Reliability  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

West West Dataset Summary Description This dataset comes from the Energy Information Administration (EIA), and is part of the 2011 Annual Energy Outlook Report (AEO2011). This dataset is table 76, and contains only the reference case. The data is broken down into electric power sector, cumulative planned additions,cumulative unplanned additions,cumulative retirements, end-use sector, electricity sales, net energy for load, generation by fuel type and price by service category. Source EIA Date Released April 26th, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords 2011 AEO EIA Electric Power midwest projections Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon AEO2011: Electric Power Projections for EMM Region - Midwest Reliability Council / West- Reference Case (xls, 259.1 KiB)

186

AEO2011: Renewable Energy Generation by Fuel - Midwest Reliability Council  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

East East Dataset Summary Description This dataset comes from the Energy Information Administration (EIA), and is part of the 2011 Annual Energy Outlook Report (AEO2011). This dataset is table 100, and contains only the reference case. The dataset uses gigawatts, billion kilowatthours and quadrillion Btu. The data is broken down into generating capacity, electricity generation and energy consumption. Source EIA Date Released April 26th, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords 2011 AEO EIA Energy Generation Fuel midwest Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon AEO2011: Renewable Energy Generation by Fuel - Midwest Reliability Council / East- Reference Case (xls, 118.9 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Peer Reviewed Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Annually

187

Midwest City, Oklahoma: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Midwest City, Oklahoma: Energy Resources Midwest City, Oklahoma: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 35.4495065°, -97.3967019° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":35.4495065,"lon":-97.3967019,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

188

Midwest Independent Transmission System Operator Smart Grid Project | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Operator Smart Grid Project Operator Smart Grid Project Jump to: navigation, search Project Lead Midwest Independent Transmission System Operator Country United States Headquarters Location Carmel, Indiana Additional Benefit Places Iowa, Illinois, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, North Dakota, Ohio, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Wisconsin Recovery Act Funding $17,271,738.00 Total Project Value $34,543,476.00 Coverage Area Coverage Map: Midwest Independent Transmission System Operator Smart Grid Project Coordinates 39.978371°, -86.1180435° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

189

Midwest Independent Transmission System Operator (MISO) Energy Storage Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Midwest Independent Transmission System Operator (MISO) is a nonprofit member-based organization regulated by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC). As a Regional Transmission Organization (RTO), MISO provides electricity consumers in 13 states with regional grid management and open access to transmission facilities at a tariff closely regulated by FERC. MISO follows a cycle known as the MISO Transmission Expansion Plan (MTEP) that results in annual recommendations to proceed with expansion pro...

2012-02-29T23:59:59.000Z

190

Interconnection Guidelines | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Industrial Industrial Residential Savings Category Bioenergy Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Wind Solar Program Info State Louisiana Program Type Interconnection Provider Louisiana Public Service Commission '''''Note: Ongoing proceedings related to net metering can be found in [http://lpscstar.louisiana.gov/star/portal/lpsc/page/Dockets/portal.aspx Docket R-31417.]''''' The Louisiana Public Service Commission (PSC) adopted rules for net metering and interconnection in November 2005. Louisiana's rules, based on those in place in Arkansas, require publicly-owned utilities and rural electric cooperatives to offer net metering to customers with systems that generate electricity using solar, wind, hydropower, geothermal or biomass

191

Learn More About Interconnections | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Learn More About Learn More About Interconnections Learn More About Interconnections Learn More About Interconnections EASTERN INTERCONNECTION North America is comprised of two major and three minor alternating current (AC) power grids or "interconnections." The Eastern Interconnection reaches from Central Canada Eastward to the Atlantic coast (excluding Québec), South to Florida and West to the foot of the Rockies (excluding most of Texas). All of the electric utilities in the Eastern Interconnection are electrically tied together during normal system conditions and operate at a synchronized frequency operating at an average of 60Hz. Click here for more information. DOE is in the process of issuing awards to two entities in the Eastern Interconnection: one to the Eastern Interconnection Planning

192

Interconnection Guidelines (Rhode Island) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interconnection Guidelines (Rhode Island) Interconnection Guidelines (Rhode Island) Interconnection Guidelines (Rhode Island) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Multi-Family Residential Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Solar Home Weatherization Wind Program Info State Rhode Island Program Type Interconnection Provider Rhode Island Public Utilities Commission Rhode Island enacted legislation (HB 6222) in June 2011 to standardize the application process for the interconnection of customer-sited renewable-energy systems to the state's distribution grid. Rhode Island's interconnection policy is not nearly as comprehensive as

193

MIDWEST REGIONAL CARBON SEQUESTRATION PARTNERSHIP (MRCSP) MANAGING CLIMATE CHANGE AND SECURING A FUTURE FOR THE MIDWEST'S INDUSTRIAL BASE  

SciTech Connect

This is the third semiannual report for Phase I of the Midwest Carbon Sequestration Partnership (MRCSP). The project consists of nine tasks to be conducted over a two-year period that started in October 2003. The makeup of the MRCSP and objectives are described. Progress on each of the active Tasks is also described and where possible, for those Tasks at some point of completion, a summary of results is presented.

David Ball; Robert Burns; Judith Bradbury; Bob Dahowski; Casie Davidson; James Dooley; Neeraj Gupta; Rattan Lal; Larry Wickstrom

2005-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

194

Addressing Energy Demand through Demand Response: International Experiences and Practices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

New England 13 and the PJM Interconnection 14 . According toGW. The current size of the PJM system is approximately 165markets, most notably in the PJM Interconnection and ISO-New

Shen, Bo

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Midwest Energy (Gas and Electric)- How$mart Energy Efficiency Finance Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Midwest Energy offers its residential and small commercial electricity and natural gas customers in good standing a way to finance energy efficiency improvements on eligible properties. Under the...

196

Crude oil movements from the Midwest to the Gulf Coast on the rise ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Crude oil, gasoline, heating oil, diesel, propane, ... the 5-year moving average is an average of 2005-2009 data; ... Crude oil movements from the Midwest ...

197

Gasoline prices rise in the Midwest as the summer driving season ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

tags: gasoline liquid fuels Midwest oil/petroleum prices. Email Updates. RSS Feeds. Facebook. Twitter. YouTube. Add us to your site.

198

Analysis of electric vehicle interconnection with commercial  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Analysis of electric vehicle interconnection with commercial building microgrids Michael Stadler, process, or service by its trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise, does not necessarily Laboratories America Inc. Analysis of electric vehicle interconnection with commercial building microgrids

199

Learn More About Interconnections | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Development Electricity Policy Coordination and Implementation Transmission Planning Recovery Act Interconnection Transmission Planning Congestion Studies Coordination of...

200

Superconducting Multilayer Interconnect - lbl.gov  

Technique to fabricate multilayer interconnects and multiturn flux transformers for use with direct current superconducting quantum interference ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interconnection pjm midwest" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Interconnection Guidelines | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Industrial Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Solar Buying & Making Electricity Wind Program Info State Georgia Program Type Interconnection Provider Georgia Public Service Commission The Georgia Cogeneration and Distributed Generation Act of 2001 allows residential electricity customers with photovoltaic (PV) systems, wind-energy systems or fuel cells up to 10 kilowatts (kW) in capacity, and commercial facilities up to 100 kW, to connect to the grid. The aggregate capacity of distributed generation systems is limited to 0.2% of a utility's system peak demand from the previous year. Interconnected customers must comply with all relevant national standards,

202

A Survey of the Quality ofWater Drawn from Domestic Wells in Nine Midwest States Page 1 of 2 http://www.cdc.gov/nceh/programs/emergenc/WellWater/MidwestWell.htm 10/6/99  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Survey of the Quality ofWater Drawn from Domestic Wells in Nine Midwest States Page 1 of 2 http://www.cdc.gov/nceh/programs/emergenc/WellWater/MidwestWell.htm 10/6/99 Centers for Disease Control from Domestic Wells in Nine Midwest States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center

203

Implications of the greenhouse effect for the Midwest economy  

SciTech Connect

Although a great deal of research effort has been devoted to determining potential future changes in carbon dioxide concentrations, global temperature changes and ecosystem effects, relatively little attention has thus far been paid to potential regional impacts and the formulation of coherent policies to combat the problems. This paper will discuss how the Midwest might fare under conditions of higher mean temperatures or a major federal control program; it also discusses some of the research and development activities underway at Argonne National Laboratory that could help develop a balanced portfolio of technologies for combating the greenhouse effect. For the purposes of this paper we have defined a six-state region--consisting of the states of Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio, and Wisconsin--to typify the Midwest. These are the same states that comprise Federal Region 5. Temperatures were averaged for the thirty-year period 1950--1980 and do not include some of the higher summer temperatures we have been experiencing in the 1980s. 15 refs., 8 figs., 3 tabs.

Streets, D.G.; Bloyd, C.N.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Prepared for 1 st Upper Midwest Regional Freight Transportation Workshop  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We are here at this workshop because of a common interest in freight. We bring a wide variety of perspectives the typically longer-range perspective of the public providers of highways; the often short-range perspective of the private sector carriers, shippers and logistics managers; and the independent perspective of university researchers. Our immediate goal is to identify critical issues in facilitating regional freight transportation in the Upper Midwest. What are the gaps in current planning, organizational and financial methods? What key infrastructure improvements are needed to make the region competitive in the twenty first century? A regional perspective is logical because most freight does not stay within the borders of an individual state. For the Upper Midwest region Figures 1 and 2 show that the proportion of all ton-miles of truck shipments that stay within a state ranges from a low of 17 % in Indiana to a high of 46 % in Michigan. The regional average is 26 % which is essential the same as the national average of 27 % (1). Because rail shipments tend to be much longer than truck shipments, the proportion of rail shipments that stay within a state are likely to be even smaller. Thus, most freight shipments are affected by conditions outside of the state of origin or destination. By working together states, carriers, shippers and other stakeholders in the Upper

Dr. Robert; L. Smith

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Double interconnection fuel cell array  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A fuel cell array (10) is made, containing number of tubular, elongated fuel cells (12) which are placed next to each other in rows (A, B, C, D), where each cell contains inner electrodes (14) and outer electrodes (18 and 18'), with solid electrolyte (16 and 16') between the electrodes, where the electrolyte and outer electrode are discontinuous, having two portions, and providing at least two opposed discontinuities which contain at least two oppositely opposed interconnections (20 and 20') contacting the inner electrode (14), each cell (12) having only three metallic felt electrical connectors (22) which contact surrounding cells, where each row is electrically connected to the other.

Draper, Robert (Churchill Boro, PA); Zymboly, Gregory E. (Murrysville, PA)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Puerto Rico - Interconnection Standards | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Puerto Rico - Interconnection Standards Puerto Rico - Interconnection Standards Puerto Rico - Interconnection Standards < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Institutional Local Government Multi-Family Residential Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Wind Energy Sources Solar Home Weatherization Program Info Program Type Interconnection Provider Autoridad de Energía Electrica de Puerto Rico In 2007, the Autoridad de Energía Electrica de Puerto Rico (PREPA*) adopted interconnection standards based on the standard contained in the federal Energy Policy Act of 2005. PREPA promulgated interconnection rules in August 2008 that apply to all distributed generation (DG) projects that

207

Cascade solar cell having conductive interconnects  

SciTech Connect

Direct ohmic contact between the cells in an epitaxially grown cascade solar cell is obtained by means of conductive interconnects formed through grooves etched intermittently in the upper cell. The base of the upper cell is directly connected by the conductive interconnects to the emitter of the bottom cell. The conductive interconnects preferably terminate on a ledge formed in the base of the upper cell.

Borden, Peter G. (Menlo Park, CA); Saxena, Ram R. (Saratoga, CA)

1982-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

208

D R A F T Evaluating Interconnect  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

R A F T Evaluating Interconnect and Virtualization Performance for High Performance Computing Lavanya Ramakrishnan R. Shane Canon Krishna Muriki Iwona Sakrejda Nicholas J. Wright...

209

Avista Utilities - Interconnection Guidelines (Idaho) | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

page on Facebook icon Twitter icon Avista Utilities - Interconnection Guidelines (Idaho) This is the approved revision of this page, as well as being the most recent. Jump...

210

A California Distributed Generation Primer: Interconnection and...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

California Distributed Generation Primer: Interconnection and Beyond Synopsis Speaker(s): Scott Tomashefsky Date: January 10, 2002 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar HostPoint...

211

USLCI Interconnect Region Electricity datasets, 2008 Datasets...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

spreadsheet are also included.

Datasets include generation and transmission of electricity for each of the interconnect regions. It is representative of the year...

212

Probabilistic Analysis of Multistage Interconnection Network Performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present methods of calculating the value of two performance parameters for multipath, multistage interconnection networks: the normalized throughput and the probability of successful message transmission. We develop ...

Sobalvarro, Patrick G.

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

SECA Core Technology Program - SOFC Interconnect Meeting  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Core Technology Program - SOFC Interconnect Meeting July 28-29, 2004 Table of Contents Disclaimer Participants PDF-17KB Presentations Products Disclaimer This report was prepared...

214

Degradation of Manganese Cobalt Spinel SOFC Interconnect ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Degradation of Manganese Cobalt Spinel SOFC Interconnect Coatings. Author(s), Jeffrey W. Fergus, Yingjia Liu, Yu Zhao. On-Site Speaker...

215

Definition: Interconnected Operations Service | Open Energy Informatio...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

operation of interconnected Bulk Electric Systems.1 Also Known As IOS Related Terms transmission lines, energy, transmission line, transmission service References ...

216

Midwest Ethanol Producers Inc MEPI | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ethanol Producers Inc MEPI Ethanol Producers Inc MEPI Jump to: navigation, search Name Midwest Ethanol Producers Inc (MEPI) Place O'Neill, Nebraska Zip 68763 Product Focused on ethanol production. Coordinates 34.82186°, -97.513329° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":34.82186,"lon":-97.513329,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

217

AEO2011: Electric Power Projections for EMM Region - Midwest Reliability  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

East East Dataset Summary Description This dataset comes from the Energy Information Administration (EIA), and is part of the 2011 Annual Energy Outlook Report (AEO2011). This dataset is table 75, and contains only the reference case. The data is broken down into electric power sector, cumulative planned additions,cumulative unplanned additions,cumulative retirements, end-use sector, electricity sales, net energy for load, generation by fuel type and price by service category. Source EIA Date Released April 26th, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords 2011 AEIO EIA Electric Power projections Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon AEO2011: Electric Power Projections for EMM Region - Midwest Reliability Council / East - Reference Case (xls, 258.6 KiB) Quality Metrics

218

Joint Maintenance Status Report of Potomac Electric Power Company...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Joint Maintenance Status Report of Potomac Electric Power Company amd PJM Interconnection, LLC Joint Maintenance Status Report of Potomac Electric Power Company amd PJM...

219

A Locational Analysis of Generation Benefits on Long Island, New York  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LSE MMM MW MWh NYISO NYPE OASIS PJM RFP SCUC TTC AutomatedNew Jersey-Maryland (PJM) Interconnection in New Jersey and

Wang, Juan; Cohen, Jesse; Edwards, Jennifer; Marnay, Chris

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

VANC-1 Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

the Customer) in North Carolina and Virginia to whom transmission is provided from the PJM Interconnection LLC (hereinafter called PJM) or Carolina Power & Light Company...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interconnection pjm midwest" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

VA-3-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Company (hereinafter called the Company), the Company's Transmission Operator, currently PJM Interconnection LLC (hereinafter called PJM), and the Customer. This rate schedule...

222

Application for presidential permit OE Docket No. PP-230-4 Internation...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

from PJM Interconnection LLC Application for presidential permit OE Docket No. PP-230-4 International Transmission Company: Response to Late Motion to Intervene from PJM...

223

Wealth Transfers from Implementing Real-Time Retail Electricity Pricing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

market-monitor/downloads/mmu- reports/pjm-som-2004.pdf.Available at http://www.ucei.org. PJM Interconnection Market

Borenstein, Severin

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

permit OE Docket No. PP-230-4 International Transmission Company: Response of PJM Interconnection, L.L.C. to Answer of International Transmission Company Response of PJM...

225

VA-1-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Company (hereinafter called the Company), the Company's Transmission Operator, currently PJM Interconnection LLC (hereinafter called PJM), and the Customer. This rate schedule...

226

Updating Technical Screens for PV Interconnection: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Solar photovoltaics (PV) is the dominant type of distributed generation (DG) technology interconnected to electric distribution systems in the United States, and deployment of PV systems continues to increase rapidly. Considering the rapid growth and widespread deployment of PV systems in United States electric distribution grids, it is important that interconnection procedures be as streamlined as possible to avoid unnecessary interconnection studies, costs, and delays. Because many PV interconnection applications involve high penetration scenarios, the process needs to allow for a sufficiently rigorous technical evaluation to identify and address possible system impacts. Existing interconnection procedures are designed to balance the need for efficiency and technical rigor for all DG. However, there is an implicit expectation that those procedures will be updated over time in order to remain relevant with respect to evolving standards, technology, and practical experience. Modifications to interconnection screens and procedures must focus on maintaining or improving safety and reliability, as well as accurately allocating costs and improving expediency of the interconnection process. This paper evaluates the origins and usefulness of the capacity penetration screen, offers potential short-term solutions which could effectively allow fast-track interconnection to many PV system applications, and considers longer-term solutions for increasing PV deployment levels in a safe and reliable manner while reducing or eliminating the emphasis on the penetration screen.

Coddington, M.; Ellis, A.; Lynn, K.; Razon, A.; Key, T.; Kroposki, B.; Mather, B.; Hill, R.; Nicole, K.; Smith, J.

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Durability of Metallic Interconnects and Protective Coatings  

SciTech Connect

To build up a useful voltage, a number of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) are electrically connected into series in a stack via interconnects, which are placed between adjacent cells. In addition to functioning as a bi-polar electrical connector, the interconnect also acts as a separator plate that separates the fuel at the anode side of one cell from the air at the cathode side on an adjacent cell. During SOFC operation at the high temperatures, the interconnects are thus simultaneously exposed to the oxidizing air at one side and a reducing fuel that can be either hydrogen or hydrocarbon at the other. Besides, they are in contact with adjacent components, such as electrodes or electrical contacts, seals, etc. With steady reduction in SOFC operating temperatures into the low or intermediate range 600-850oC, oxidation resistant alloys are often used to construct interconnects. However, the metallic interconnects may degrade via interactions at their interfaces with surrounding environments or adjacent components, potentially affecting the stability and performance of interconnects and the SOFC stacks. Thus protection layers are applied to metallic interconnects that also intend to mitigate or prevent chromium migration into cells and the cell poisoning. This chapter provides a comprehensive review of materials for metallic interconnects, their degradation and coating protection.

Yang, Zhenguo; Stevenson, Jeffry W.

2009-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

228

Interconnect Coupling Noise in CMOS VLSI Circuits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Interconnect between a CMOS driver and re- ceiver can be modeled as a 1ossy transmission line in high speed CMOS VLSI circuits as transition times become comparable to or less than the time of flight delay of the signal through the low resistivity interconnect. In this paper, closed form expressions for the coupling noise between adjacent interconnect are presented to estimate the coupling noise voltage on a quiet line. These expressions are based on an assumption that the interconnections are loosely coupled, where the effect of the coupling noise on the waveform of the active line is small and can be ne- glected. It is demonstrated that the output impedance of the CMOS driver should preferably be comparable to the interconnect impedance in order to reduce the propagation delay of the CMOS driver stage.

Kevin T. Tang; Eby G. Friedman

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

"Table HC12.8 Water Heating Characteristics by Midwest Census Region, 2005"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

8 Water Heating Characteristics by Midwest Census Region, 2005" 8 Water Heating Characteristics by Midwest Census Region, 2005" " Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"Midwest Census Region" ,"U.S. Housing Units (millions)" ,,,"Census Division" ,,"Total Midwest" "Water Heating Characteristics",,,"East North Central","West North Central" "Total",111.1,25.6,17.7,7.9 "Number of Water Heaters" "1.",106.3,24.5,17.1,7.4 "2 or More",3.7,0.9,0.5,0.4 "Do Not Use Hot Water",1.1,"Q","Q","Q" "Housing Units Served by Main Water Heater" "One Housing Unit",99.7,23.5,16.2,7.3 "Two or More Housing Units",10.3,1.9,1.4,0.5 "Do Not Use Hot Water",1.1,"Q","Q","Q"

230

"Table HC12.9 Home Appliances Characteristics by Midwest Census Region, 2005"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2.9 Home Appliances Characteristics by Midwest Census Region, 2005" 2.9 Home Appliances Characteristics by Midwest Census Region, 2005" " Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"Midwest Census Region" ,"U.S. Housing Units (millions)" ,,,"Census Division" ,,"Total Midwest" "Home Appliances Characteristics",,,"East North Central","West North Central" "Total U.S.",111.1,25.6,17.7,7.9 "Cooking Appliances" "Conventional Ovens" "Use an Oven",109.6,25.3,17.6,7.7 "1.",103.3,24,16.8,7.3 "2 or More",6.2,1.3,0.8,0.5 "Do Not Use an Oven",1.5,0.3,"Q","Q" "Most-Used Oven Fuel" "Electric",67.9,14.7,9.5,5.2 "Natural Gas",36.4,9.6,7.5,2.1

231

Geothermometry At U.S. Midwest Region (Vugrinovich, 1987) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Geothermometry At U.S. Midwest Region (Vugrinovich, 1987) Geothermometry At U.S. Midwest Region (Vugrinovich, 1987) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Geothermometry At U.S. Midwest Region (Vugrinovich, 1987) Exploration Activity Details Location U.S. Midwest Region Exploration Technique Geothermometry Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes Michigan "The silica heat flow estimator does provide estimates of surface heat flow which appear to be in good agreement with conventional estimates, but which are not entirely free from disturbances caused by groundwater movements. The technique should be more widely applied to areas where conventional heat flow measurements are lacking." References Raymond Vugrinovich (1987) Regional Heat Flow Variations In The

232

Midwest Has Potential to Store Hundreds of Years of CO2 Emissions |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Midwest Has Potential to Store Hundreds of Years of CO2 Emissions Midwest Has Potential to Store Hundreds of Years of CO2 Emissions Midwest Has Potential to Store Hundreds of Years of CO2 Emissions November 16, 2011 - 12:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - Geologic capacity exists to permanently store hundreds of years of regional carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions in nine states stretching from Indiana to New Jersey, according to injection field tests conducted by the Midwest Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership (MRCSP). MRCSP's just-released Phase II final report indicates the region has likely total storage of 245.5 billion metric tons of CO2, mostly in deep saline rock formations, a large capacity compared to present day emissions. While distributed sources such as agriculture, transportation, and home heating account for a significant amount of CO2 emissions in the MRCSP

233

Table HC1-10a. Housing Unit Characteristics by Midwest Census Region,  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

0a. Housing Unit Characteristics by Midwest Census Region, 0a. Housing Unit Characteristics by Midwest Census Region, Million U.S. Households, 2001 Housing Unit Characteristics RSE Column Factor: Total U.S. Midwest Census Region RSE Row Factors Total Census Division East North Central West North Central 0.5 1.0 1.2 1.8 Total .............................................................. 107.0 24.5 17.1 7.4 NE Census Region and Division Northeast ..................................................... 20.3 -- -- -- NF New England ............................................. 5.4 -- -- -- NF Middle Atlantic ........................................... 14.8 -- -- -- NF Midwest ....................................................... 24.5 24.5 17.1 7.4 NF East North Central ..................................... 17.1 17.1

234

"Table HC12.1 Housing Unit Characteristics by Midwest Census Region, 2005"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Housing Unit Characteristics by Midwest Census Region, 2005" Housing Unit Characteristics by Midwest Census Region, 2005" " Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"Midwest Census Region" ,"U.S. Housing Units (millions)" ,,,"Census Division" ,,"Total Midwest" "Housing Unit Characteristics",,,"East North Central","West North Central" "Total",111.1,25.6,17.7,7.9 "Urban/Rural Location (as Self-Reported)" "City",47.1,9.7,7.3,2.4 "Town",19,5,2.9,2.1 "Suburbs",22.7,5.7,4.3,1.4 "Rural",22.3,5.2,3.3,1.9 "Climate Zone1" "Less than 2,000 CDD and--" "Greater than 7,000 HDD",10.9,6.9,4.9,"Q" "5,500 to 7,000 HDD",26.1,12.3,9.9,"Q"

235

"Table HC12.4 Space Heating Characteristics by Midwest Census Region, 2005"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4 Space Heating Characteristics by Midwest Census Region, 2005" 4 Space Heating Characteristics by Midwest Census Region, 2005" " Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"Midwest Census Region" ,"U.S. Housing Units (millions)" ,,,"Census Division" ,,"Total Midwest" "Space Heating Characteristics",,,"East North Central","West North Central" "Total",111.1,25.6,17.7,7.9 "Do Not Have Space Heating Equipment",1.2,"Q","Q","N" "Have Main Space Heating Equipment",109.8,25.6,17.7,7.9 "Use Main Space Heating Equipment",109.1,25.6,17.7,7.9 "Have Equipment But Do Not Use It",0.8,"N","N","N" "Main Heating Fuel and Equipment"

236

A Synoptic Climatology of the Bimodal Precipitation Distribution in the Upper Midwest  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents an investigation of the synoptic climatology of the precipitation regime in the Upper Midwest. The annual march of precipitation is characterized by a bimodal distribution, with maxima occurring during the months of June and ...

Michael J. Keables

1989-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Processes Leading to the Formation of Mesoscale Waves in the Midwest Cyclone of 15 December 1987  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On 15 December 1987, several long-lived, large-amplitude mesoscale wave disturbances accompanied a rapidly developing extratropical cyclone in the midwest United States. Previous observational and modeling studies have suggested that the ...

Peter J. Pokrandt; Gregory J. Tripoli; David D. Houghton

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Large-Amplitude Mesoscale Wave Disturbances Within the Intense Midwest Extratropical Cyclone of 15 December 1987  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On 15 December 1987 several long-lived, large-amplitude mesoscale wave disturbances embedded within a rapidly intensifying extratropical cyclone traversed the Midwest and created life-threatening blizzard conditions. Within the wave disturbances, ...

Russell S. Schneider

1990-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Midwest Interstate Compact on Low-Level Radioactive Waste (Multiple States)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Midwest Interstate Low-Level Radioactive Waste Compact is an agreement between the states of Indiana, Iowa, Minnesota, Missouri, Ohio, and Wisconsin that provides for the cooperative and safe...

240

Midwest (PADD 2) No 2 Diesel Sales/Deliveries to On-Highway ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Midwest (PADD 2) No 2 Diesel Sales/Deliveries to On-Highway Consumers (Thousand Gallons) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9;

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interconnection pjm midwest" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Review of the Unusual Winter of 198283 In the Upper Midwest  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Climatologists from the climate centers of 12 states of the upper Midwest contributed temperature, precipitation, and related data for December 1982, January and February 1983. Analyses present the month-to-month spatial anomaly patterns of these ...

W. M. Wendland; L. D. Bark; D. R. Clark; R. B. Curry; J. W. Enz; K. G. Hubbard; V. Jones; E. L. Kuehnast; W. Lytle; J. Newman; F. V. Nurnberger; P. Waite

1983-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

On the Impact of WRF Model Vertical Grid Resolution on Midwest Summer Rainfall Forecasts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Weather Research and Forecast (WRF) model exploratory sensitivity simulations were performed to determine the impact of vertical grid resolution (VGR) on the forecast skill of Midwest summer rainfall. Varying the VGR indicated that a refined VGR, ...

Eric A. Aligo; William A. Gallus Jr.; Moti Segal

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

"Table HC12.2 Living Space Characteristics by Midwest Census Region, 2005"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2 Living Space Characteristics by Midwest Census Region, 2005" 2 Living Space Characteristics by Midwest Census Region, 2005" " Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"Midwest Census Region" ,"U.S. Housing Units (millions)" ,,,"Census Division" ,,"Total Midwest" "Living Space Characteristics",,,"East North Central","West North Central" "Total",111.1,25.6,17.7,7.9 "Floorspace (Square Feet)" "Total Floorspace1" "Fewer than 500",3.2,0.5,0.3,"Q" "500 to 999",23.8,3.9,2.4,1.5 "1,000 to 1,499",20.8,4.4,3.2,1.2 "1,500 to 1,999",15.4,3.5,2.4,1.1 "2,000 to 2,499",12.2,3.2,2.1,1.1 "2,500 to 2,999",10.3,2.7,1.8,0.9 "3,000 to 3,499",6.7,2.1,1.6,0.5

244

"Table HC12.11 Home Electronics Characteristics by Midwest Census Region, 2005"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1 Home Electronics Characteristics by Midwest Census Region, 2005" 1 Home Electronics Characteristics by Midwest Census Region, 2005" " Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"Midwest Census Region" ,"U.S. Housing Units (millions)" ,,,"Census Division" ,,"Total Midwest" "Home Electronics Characteristics",,,"East North Central","West North Central" "Total",111.1,25.6,17.7,7.9 "Personal Computers" "Do Not Use a Personal Computer ",35.5,8.1,5.6,2.5 "Use a Personal Computer",75.6,17.5,12.1,5.4 "Number of Desktop PCs" "1.",50.3,11.9,8.4,3.4 "2.",16.2,3.5,2.2,1.3 "3 or More",9,2.1,1.5,0.6 "Number of Laptop PCs" "1.",22.5,4.6,2.8,1.9 "2.",4,0.9,0.6,0.2

245

Coordination of Retail Demand Response with Midwest ISO Markets  

SciTech Connect

The Organization of Midwest ISO States (OMS) launched the Midwest Demand Resource Initiative (MWDRI) in 2007 to identify barriers to deploying demand response (DR) resources in the Midwest Independent System Operator (MISO) region and develop policies to overcome them. The MWDRI stakeholders decided that a useful initial activity would be to develop more detailed information on existing retail DR programs and dynamic pricing tariffs, program rules, and utility operating practices. This additional detail could then be used to assess any"seams issues" affecting coordination and integration of retail DR resources with MISO's wholesale markets. Working with state regulatory agencies, we conducted a detailed survey of existing DR programs, dynamic pricing tariffs, and their features in MISO states. Utilities were asked to provide information on advance notice requirements to customers, operational triggers used to call events (e.g. system emergencies, market conditions, local emergencies), use of these DR resources to meet planning reserves requirements, DR resource availability (e.g., seasonal, annual), participant incentive structures, and monitoring and verification (M&V) protocols. This report describes the results of this comprehensive survey and discusses policy implications for integrating legacy retail DR programs and dynamic pricing tariffs into organized wholesale markets. Survey responses from 37 MISO members and 4 non-members provided information on 141 DR programs and dynamic pricing tariffs with a peak load reduction potential of 4,727 MW of retail DR resource. Major findings of this study area:- About 72percent of available DR is from interruptible rate tariffs offered to large commercial and industrial customers, while direct load control (DLC) programs account for ~;;18percent. Almost 90percent of the DR resources included in this survey are provided by investor-owned utilities. - Approximately, 90percent of the DR resources are available with less than two hours advance notice and over 1,900 MW can be dispatched on less than thirty minutes notice. These legacy DR programs are increasingly used by utilities for economic in addition to reliability purposes, with over two-thirds (68percent) of these programs callable based on market conditions. - Approximately 60percent of DLC programs and 30percent of interruptible rate programs called ten or more DR events in 2006. Despite the high frequency of DR events, customer complaints remained low. The use of economic criteria to trigger DR events and the flexibility to trigger a large number of events suggests that DR resources can help improve the efficiency of MISO wholesale markets. - Most legacy DR programs offered a reservation payment ($/kW) for participation; incentive payment levels averaged about $5/kW-month for interruptible rate tariffs and $6/kW-month for DLC programs. Few programs offered incentive payments that were explicitly linked to actual load reductions during events and at least 27 DR programs do not have penalties for non-performance. - Measurement and verification (M&V) protocols to estimate load impacts vary significantly across MISO states. Almost half of the DR programs have not been evaluated in recent times and thus performance data for DR events is not available. For many DLC programs, M&V protocols may need to be enhancedin order to allow participation in MISO's proposed EDR schedule. System operators and planners will need to develop more accurate estimates of the load reduced capability and actual performance.

Bharvirkar, Ranjit; Bharvirkar, Ranjit; Goldman, Charles; Heffner, Grayson; Sedano, Richard

2008-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

246

Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Initiative: Topic A,  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Initiative: Topic A, Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Initiative: Topic A, Interconnection-Level Analysis and Planning Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Initiative: Topic A, Interconnection-Level Analysis and Planning A description of the requirements for Topic A for all Interconnections under the Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Initiative, part of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act. Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Initiative: Topic A, Interconnection-Level Analysis and Planning More Documents & Publications Microsoft Word - yDE-FOA-0000068.rtf Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Initiative: Topic B, Cooperation Among States in the Eastern Interconnection on Electric Resource Planning and Priorities Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Initiative: Topic B, Cooperation

247

Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Initiative - Meeting Calendars |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Technology Development » Transmission Planning » Technology Development » Transmission Planning » Recovery Act Interconnection Transmission Planning » Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Initiative - Meeting Calendars Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Initiative - Meeting Calendars Click on the links below to access each awardee's meeting and events calendar. Eastern Interconnection Topic A Awardee: Eastern Interconnection Planning Collaborative Topic B Awardee: Eastern Interconnection States' Planning Council Western Interconnection Topic A Awardee: Western Electricity Coordinating Council Topic B Awardee: Western Governors' Association Texas Interconnection Topic A and B Awardee: Electric Reliability Council of Texas Electricity Advisory Committee Technology Development Transmission Planning

248

The regulation of internet interconnection : assessing network market power  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Interconnection agreements in the telecommunications industry have always been constrained by regulation. Internet interconnection has not received the same level of scrutiny. Recent debates regarding proposed mergers, ...

Maida, Elisabeth M. (Elisabeth Marigo)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Development of a flip-chip composite interconnection system.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The objective of this research is to develop a novel flip-chip composite interconnect structure to overcome the inherent weaknesses of the conventional solder bump interconnection. (more)

Wong, Stephen Chee Khuen.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Utility Wind Integration Group Distributed Wind/Solar Interconnection...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Utility Wind Integration Group Distributed WindSolar Interconnection Workshop Utility Wind Integration Group Distributed WindSolar Interconnection Workshop May 21, 2013 8:00AM...

251

Microsoft PowerPoint - 071410 SECA poster (ceramic interconnect...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

C I DEVELOPMENT OF CERAMIC INTERCONNECT DEVELOPMENT OF CERAMIC INTERCONNECT M SOFC MATERIALS FOR SOFCS MATERIALS FOR SOFCS KYUNG JOONG YOON, JEFFRY W. STEVENSON, AND OLGA A. MARINA...

252

Smart buildings with electric vehicle interconnection as buffer...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

buildings with electric vehicle interconnection as buffer for local renewables? Title Smart buildings with electric vehicle interconnection as buffer for local renewables?...

253

EIS-0437: Interconnection of the Buffalo Ridge III Wind Project...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interconnection of the Buffalo Ridge III Wind Project, Brookings and Deuel Counties, South Dakota EIS-0437: Interconnection of the Buffalo Ridge III Wind Project, Brookings...

254

EA-1902: Northern Wind Interconnection Project, Summit, South...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Agencies You are here Home EA-1902: Northern Wind Interconnection Project, Summit, South Dakota EA-1902: Northern Wind Interconnection Project, Summit, South Dakota Summary...

255

Site insolation and wind power characteristics: technical report Midwest region  

SciTech Connect

This phase of the Site Insolation and Wind Power Characteristics Study was performed to provide statistical information on the expected future availability of solar and wind power at various sites in the Midwest Region of the US Historic data (SOLMET), at 22 National Weather Service stations with hourly solar insolation and collateral meteorological information, were interrogated to provide an estimate of future trends. Solar data are global radiation incident on a horizontal surface, and wind data represent wind power normal to the air flow. Selected insolation and wind power conditions were investigated for their occurrence and persistence, for defined periods of time, on a monthly basis. Global horizontal insolation is related to inclined surfaces at each site. Ratios are provided, monthly, for multiplying global insolation to obtain insolation estimates on south-facing surfaces inclined at different angles with respect to the horizontal. Also, joint probability distribution tables are constructed showing the number of occurrences, out of a finite sample size, of daily average solar and wind power within selected intervals, by month. Information of this nature is intended as an aid to preliminary planning activities for the design and operation of solar and wind energy utilization and conversion systems.

1980-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Estimating Demand Response Load Impacts: Evaluation of Baseline Load Models for Non-Residential Buildings in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LBNL Report Number58178. [PJM2007]AmendedandOperatingAgreementofPJMInterconnectionLLC, effectiveU.S. ISO/RTOs(e.g. ,NYISO,PJM,ISO?NE)intheirDR

Coughlin, Katie; Piette, Mary Ann; Goldman, Charles; Kiliccote, Sila

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Renewable Portfolio Standards in the United States - A Status Report with Data Through 2007  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LSE MISO M-RETS MSW MW MWh PJM POU PRC PSC PUC PV REC RPSelectric service provider PJM Generation Attributes Trackingwaste megawatt megawatt-hour PJM Interconnection publicly

Wiser, Ryan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Customer Risk from Real-Time Retail Electricity Pricing: Bill Volatility and Hedgability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Orlando, FL: Dryden Press, 1988. PJM Interconnection Marketmonitor/downloads/mmu- reports/pjm-som-2004.pdf. FIGURE 1:gures are taken from the PJM (2005), pages 82-83. California

Borenstein, Severin

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Mass Market Demand Response and Variable Generation Integration Issues: A Scoping Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Analysis. Presentation given to PJM Interconnection Markete.g. , ISO-NE, NYISO, PJM, MISO, ERCOT, and CAISO). Co-also elect to participate in PJMs day-ahead and/or real-

Cappers, Peter

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

The Summer of 2006: A Milestone in the Ongoing Maturation of Demand Response  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Response Whats Happening in PJM? Demand Response: CaseEdison (ConEd) Mid-Atlantic PJM Interconnection PEPCOERCOT, ISO-NE, NYISO and PJMoffered a range of economic and

Hopper, Nicole; Goldman, Charles; Bharvirkar, Ranjit; Engel, Dan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interconnection pjm midwest" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

A Survey of Utility Experience with Real Time Pricing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

operated by an ISO. NYISO and PJM are currently offeringMOC MW NMPC NYISO O&M PG&E PJM PSC PSO RTP SCE SCE&G T&D TVAGas & Electric Company PJM Interconnection, LLC public

Barbose, Galen; Goldman, Charles; Neenan, Bernie

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Loads Providing Ancillary Services: Review of International Experience  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Operations, Brendan Kirby, ORNL/TM-2006-512, July. PJM 2005.Whitepaper on PJM Forward Energy Reserve: A Centralized CallManager, Retail Markets, PJM Interconnection LLC, January

Heffner, Grayson

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Transacting generation attributes across market boundaries: Compatible information systems and the treatment of imports and exports  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the Northeast include the PJM Interconnection, the New Yorkbasic market area (e.g. , the PJM, ISO-NE, or NYISO), this7 Stakeholders in New York, the PJM Power Pool, New England,

Grace, Robert; Wiser, Ryan

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Initiative: Topic A,  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

A, A, Interconnection-Level Analysis and Planning Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Initiative: Topic A, Interconnection-Level Analysis and Planning A description of the requirements for Topic A for all Interconnections under the Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Initiative, part of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act. Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Initiative: Topic A, Interconnection-Level Analysis and Planning More Documents & Publications Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Initiative: Topic B, Cooperation Among States in the Eastern Interconnection on Electric Resource Planning and Priorities Microsoft Word - yDE-FOA-0000068.rtf Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Initiative: Topic B, Cooperation Among States in the Western Interconnection on Electric Resource Planning

265

Hybrid Silicon Photonics for Optical Interconnects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and J. U. Yoon, Silicon photonics for compact, energy- ef?www.zurich.ibm.com/st/photonics/interconnects.html [3] R.comb laser, in Proc. SPIE Photonics West 2010, pp. 76070W

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Interconnectable blocks for music and audio processing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis describes the technical implementation of a set of interconnectable blocks designed to be used by children to explore the possibilities of digital sound manipulation. In contrast to similar modular systems, ...

McPherson, Andrew, 1982-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Removing Barriers to Utility Interconnected Photovoltaic Inverters  

SciTech Connect

The Million Solar Roofs Initiative has motivated a renewed interest in the development of utility interconnected photovoltaic (UIPV) inverters. Government-sponsored programs (PVMaT, PVBONUS) and competition among utility interconnected inverter manufacturers have stimulated innovations and improved the performance of existing technologies. With this resurgence, Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) has developed a program to assist industry initiatives to overcome barriers to UIPV inverters. In accordance with newly adopted IEEE 929-2000, the utility interconnected PV inverters are required to cease energizing the utility grid when either a significant disturbance occurs or the utility experiences an interruption in service. Compliance with IEEE 929-2000 is being widely adopted by utilities as a minimum requirement for utility interconnection. This report summarizes work done at the SNL balance-of-systems laboratory to support the development of IEEE 929-2000 and to assist manufacturers in meeting its requirements.

Gonzalez, S.; Bonn, R.H.; Ginn, J.W.

2000-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

268

Interconnection Standards (Indiana) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

provide three levels of interconnection to customer-generators. Level 1: Applies to inverter-based systems with a maximum nameplate capacity of 10 kilowatts (kW). These systems...

269

Carbon nanotube synthesis for integrated circuit interconnects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Based on their properties, carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have been identified as ideal replacements for copper interconnects in integrated circuits given their higher current density, inertness, and higher resistance to ...

Nessim, Gilbert Daniel

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

NREL Variability Analysis for the Western Interconnect (Presentation)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This presentation investigates the effects of several Energy Imbalance Markets implementations in the Western Interconnect.

Milligan, M.; Kirby, B.; King, J.

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Accelerating Fatigue Testing for Cu Ribbon Interconnects (Presentation)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This presentation describes fatigue experiments and discusses dynamic mechanical loading for Cu ribbon interconnects.

Bosco, N.; Silverman, T.; Wohlgemuth , J.; Kurtz, S.; Inoue, M.; Sakurai, K.; Shioda, T.; Zenkoh, H.; Miyashita, M.; Tadanori, T.; Suzuki, S.

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Eastern Interconnection Planning Collaborative News Release | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Eastern Interconnection Planning Collaborative News Release Eastern Interconnection Planning Collaborative News Release Eastern Interconnection Planning Collaborative News Release The Eastern Interconnection Planning Collaborative (EIPC) today announced that its diverse array of stakeholders has reached consensus on the final set of "resource expansion futures" to be studied as part of the electric system transmission planning effort funded by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). Eastern Interconnection Planning Collaborative News Release More Documents & Publications Electricity Advisory Committee Meeting Presentations October 2011 - Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Processes 2012 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study - Philadelphia Workshop EAC Recommendations for DOE Action Regarding Interconnection-Wide Planning

273

Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Initiative: Topic B, Cooperation  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Initiative: Topic B, Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Initiative: Topic B, Cooperation Among States in the Eastern Interconnection on Electric Resource Planning and Priorities Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Initiative: Topic B, Cooperation Among States in the Eastern Interconnection on Electric Resource Planning and Priorities A description of the requirements for Topic B for the Eastern Interconnection under the Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Initiative, part of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act. The fundamental purpose of the awards under Topic B is to facilitate dialogue and collaboration among the states in the respective interconnections (or among state agencies, in the Texas Interconnection). Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Initiative: Topic B, Cooperation

274

Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Initiative: Topic B, Cooperation  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cooperation Among States in the Western Interconnection on Electric Cooperation Among States in the Western Interconnection on Electric Resource Planning and Priorities Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Initiative: Topic B, Cooperation Among States in the Western Interconnection on Electric Resource Planning and Priorities A description of the requirements for Topic B for the Western Interconnection under the Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Initiative, part of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act. The fundamental purpose of the awards under Topic B is to facilitate dialogue and collaboration among the states in the respective interconnections (or among state agencies, in the Texas Interconnection). Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Initiative: Topic B, Cooperation Among States in the Western Interconnection on Electric Resource Planning

275

Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Initiative: Topic B, Cooperation  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Initiative: Topic B, Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Initiative: Topic B, Cooperation Among States in the Eastern Interconnection on Electric Resource Planning and Priorities Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Initiative: Topic B, Cooperation Among States in the Eastern Interconnection on Electric Resource Planning and Priorities A description of the requirements for Topic B for the Eastern Interconnection under the Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Initiative, part of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act. The fundamental purpose of the awards under Topic B is to facilitate dialogue and collaboration among the states in the respective interconnections (or among state agencies, in the Texas Interconnection). Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Initiative: Topic B, Cooperation

276

Resistive analysis of mixed carbon nanotube bundle interconnect and its comparison with copper interconnect  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As resistivity of Copper (Cu) increases with technology scaling, this drives us to look for new interconnect material for future very large scale integration (VLSI). Mixed carbon nanotube (CNT) bundle has superior properties like current carrying capacity ... Keywords: copper, interconnect, mixed carbon nanotube bundle

T. Alam; R. Dhiman; R. Chandel

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Microsoft PowerPoint - Walsh.ppt  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Historic Congestion in the Eastern Historic Congestion in the Eastern Interconnection Midwest ISO Overview and Comments Mike Walsh Senior Director UDS, EMS, Compliance and Training Spring 2009 Technical Workshop in Support of the DOE 2009 Congestion Study March 25, 2009 2 Who We Are * Independent, non-profit organization responsible for maintaining reliable transmission of power in 14 states and one Canadian province * First Regional Transmission Organization (RTO) approved by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) 3 1996 1999 Discussions begin to form Midwest ISO First Board of Directors elected 2002 FERC approval as an RTO Tariff Administration under Midwest ISO OATT 2005 Midwest Energy Markets Begin 2001 2006 Began Ancillary Services Market Initiative 2007 JOA with PJM Start-Up Reliability Coordination &

278

Interconnection Testing of Distributed Resources: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

With the publication of IEEE 1547-2003(TM) Standard for Interconnecting Distributed Resources With Electric Power Systems, the electric power industry has a need to develop tests and procedures to verify that interconnection equipment meets 1547 technical requirements. A new standard, IEEE P1547.1(TM), is being written to give detailed tests and procedures for confirming that equipment meets the interconnection requirements. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory has been validating test procedures being developed as part of IEEE P1547.1. As work progresses on the validation of those procedures, information and test reports are passed on to the working group of IEEE P1547.1 for future revisions.

Kroposki, B.; Basso, T.; DeBlasio, R.

2004-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Planarization of metal films for multilevel interconnects  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

In the fabrication of multilevel integrated circuits, each metal layer is anarized by heating to momentarily melt the layer. The layer is melted by sweeping laser pulses of suitable width, typically about 1 microsecond duration, over the layer in small increments. The planarization of each metal layer eliminates irregular and discontinuous conditions between successive layers. The planarization method is particularly applicable to circuits having ground or power planes and allows for multilevel interconnects. Dielectric layers can also be planarized to produce a fully planar multilevel interconnect structure. The method is useful for the fabrication of VLSI circuits, particularly for wafer-scale integration.

Tuckerman, David B. (Livermore, CA)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Planarization of metal films for multilevel interconnects  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

In the fabrication of multilevel integrated circuits, each metal layer is anarized by heating to momentarily melt the layer. The layer is melted by sweeping laser pulses of suitable width, typically about 1 microsecond duration, over the layer in small increments. The planarization of each metal layer eliminates irregular and discontinuous conditions between successive layers. The planarization method is particularly applicable to circuits having ground or power planes and allows for multilevel interconnects. Dielectric layers can also be planarized to produce a fully planar multilevel interconnect structure. The method is useful for the fabrication of VLSI circuits, particularly for wafer-scale integration.

Tuckerman, David B. (Livermore, CA)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interconnection pjm midwest" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Midwest Forensics Resource Center Project Summary June 2005  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The mission of the MFRC Research and Development Program, is to provide technological advances in forensic science for the benefit of our regional partners as well as the forensic community at large. Key areas of forensic science need are identified through our interactions with our Midwest partners and our R&D advisory group, as well as through our participation in national meetings in forensic science. Under the sponsorship of the National Institute of Justice, the MFRC solicits proposals for the development of practical and useful technology, instrumentation, and methodology that address needs in areas related to forensic science and its application to operational crime laboratories. The MFRC facilitates proposal development by working to establish partnerships between researchers and our regional partners. The MFRC administers a peer-review of the proposals and then funds the selected projects at a cost of approximately $55,000 each, with a 12-month period of performance. The process for selection of these projects includes the following steps: (1) drafting of a call for proposals by MFRC staff, (2) review of the draft call by members of the R&D advisory committee, (3) review and approval of the call by NIJ, (4) issuance of the call to ISU, Ames Laboratory, regional partners, and research organizations, (5) receipt of proposals, (6) review of proposals by R&D advisory committee, (7) ranking and selection by MFRC staff using advisory committee reviews, with concurrence by NIJ, (8) notification of proposers, (9) receipt and review of progress reports by MFRC, (10) receipt and review of final reports by MFRC, R&D advisory committee, and NIJ. The decision to fund any specific project is based upon a peer-reviewed call-for-proposal system administered by the MFRC. The reviewers are crime laboratory specialists and scientists who are asked to rate the proposals on four criteria areas including: (1) relevance to the mission of the MFRC, (2) technical approach and procedures, (3) capabilities, teaming, and leveraging, and (4) implementation plan. A successful proposal demonstrates knowledge of the background for the research and related work in the field and includes a research plan with a defined plan to implement the technology to benefit our partners at the crime laboratories. The project summaries are meant to demonstrate the range of research funded by the MFRC including chemistry, DNA, and patterned evidence. The project summaries describe the forensic need the projects serve as well as the benefits derived from the technology. The summaries provide a brief description of the technology and the accomplishments to date. In addition, the collaboration with regional partners and the status of the implementation of the technology are highlighted. These technical summaries represent the development and implementation of practical and useful technology for crime laboratories that the MFRC hopes to accomplish.

David Baldwin

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Interconnection Network for Tightly Coupled Accelerators Architecture  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In recent years, heterogeneous clusters using accelerators have entered widespread use in high-performance computing systems. In such clusters, inter-node communication between accelerators normally requires several memory copies via CPU memory, which ... Keywords: PCI Express, Interconnect for accelerators, GPU cluster, Accelerator computing, Remote DMA

Toshihiro Hanawa, Yuetsu Kodama, Taisuke Boku, Mitsuhisa Sato

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

An Intense Small-Scale Wintertime Vortex in the Midwest United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An intense small-scale low pressure system that moved across portions of the midwest United States is examined. The system produced a continuous band of significant snowfall, typically only 50 km wide but extending over 1500 km in length. The ...

William A. Gallus Jr.; James F. Bresch

1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Developing a dataset to assess ecosystem services in the Midwest United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Midwest United States produces around one-quarter of the world's grain supply. The demand for corn ethanol is likely to cause a shift toward greater corn planting. To be prepared for the potential impacts of increased corn production, we need a better ... Keywords: geographic information science, land use and land cover, landscape ecology, vegetation mapping and modeling

Megan Mehaffey; Rick Van Remortel; Elizabeth Smith; Randy Bruins

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Temporal and Spatial Variations in Hail in the Upper Great Plains and Midwest  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The distribution of hail days during 196180 in the northern Great Plains-Midwest was evaluated on a temporal and spatial basis to help interpret crop-hail losses. Comparisons with earlier (190160) hail day data revealed the seven-state study ...

Stanley A. Changnon Jr.

1984-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Table of Contents PJM Manual [18]: PJM Capacity Market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Table of Contents Table of Contents..................................................................................................... ii

unknown authors

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Initiative: Topic B, State  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

State Agency Input Regarding Electric Resource and Transmission Planning in State Agency Input Regarding Electric Resource and Transmission Planning in the Texas Interconnection Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Initiative: Topic B, State Agency Input Regarding Electric Resource and Transmission Planning in the Texas Interconnection A description of the requirements for Topic B for the Texas Interconnect under the Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Initiative, part of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act. The fundamental purpose of the awards under Topic B is to facilitate dialogue and collaboration among the states in the respective interconnections (or among state agencies, in the Texas Interconnection). Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Initiative: Topic B, State Agency Input Regarding Electric Resource and Transmission Planning in the

288

High temperature solid electrolyte fuel cell configurations and interconnections  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

High temperature fuel cell configurations and interconnections are made including annular cells having a solid electrolyte sandwiched between thin film electrodes. The cells are electrically interconnected along an elongated axial outer surface.

Isenberg, Arnold O. (Forest Hills, PA)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

EA-1884: Invenergy Interconnection for the Wray Wind Energy Project...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4: Invenergy Interconnection for the Wray Wind Energy Project, Town of Wray, Yuma County, CO EA-1884: Invenergy Interconnection for the Wray Wind Energy Project, Town of Wray, Yuma...

290

Pb-free Solders and Emerging Interconnect and Packaging ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this Symposium, emerging interconnect and packaging technologies and insights into existing materials and technologies, including Pb-free, Pb-

291

Technology Assessment of Interconnection Products for Distributed Resources: 2001 Update  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This interim technology assessment for distributed resources (DR), including generation and storage, is intended to assist system engineers in understanding the availability and application of interconnection products. The report provides a frame of reference to assess these products by defining a set of interconnection functions, descriptive elements, and applications and documenting the state of the art of interconnection products.

2001-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

292

Interconnected networks and the governance of risk and trust  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Interconnected networks constitute the backbone of our society and bring many advantages to our daily life and activities. At the same time, however, our dependence on these networks and the fact that they are all interconnected makes our society vulnerable. ... Keywords: Risk, governance, interconnection, networks, trust

Victor Bekkers; Marcel Thaens

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Electroplating of Cu(Ag) thin films for interconnect applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electromigration effects in interconnect metallizations cause a need for materials with superior resistance against electromigration failure but with adequate electrical properties. In principle, Cu(Ag) alloys are potential candidates to become an interconnect ... Keywords: Copper-silver alloy thin film, Electrochemical deposition, Interconnect material

S. Strehle; S. Menzel; J. W. Bartha; K. Wetzig

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Analysis of challenges for on-chip optical interconnects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Optical interconnects are touted as the solution to the performance bottleneck of future interconnects in scaled technology nodes. Though significant strides have been made in realizing silicon photonic devices that can give high performance in controlled ... Keywords: modulator, on-chip optical interconnect, polarization sensitivity, ring-resonator, thermal sensitivity

Rajeev K. Dokania; Alyssa B. Apsel

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Eastern Interconnection Planning Collaborative News Release  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1 1 NEWS RELEASE FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE May 23, 2011 Contact: David Whiteley d.a.whiteley@att.net 314-753-6200 Eastern Interconnection Grid Planning Authorities to Study Set of Stakeholder-Identified Electric System Futures The Eastern Interconnection Planning Collaborative (EIPC) today announced that its diverse array of stakeholders has reached consensus on the final set of "resource expansion futures" to be studied as part of the electric system transmission planning effort funded by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). "We have taken a major step forward with the stakeholder-defined specifications for the resource futures to be considered in the macroeconomic analysis in Phase I of the Project. The stakeholders are to be congratulated for their hard work in achieving a

296

Frequency Instability Problems in North American Interconnections  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Frequency Instability Problems in Frequency Instability Problems in North American Interconnections May 1, 2011 DOE/NETL-2011/1473 Frequency Instability Problems in North American Interconnections Disclaimer This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference therein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement,

297

Performance testing of small interconnected wind systems  

SciTech Connect

There is a need for performance information on small windmills intended for interconnected operation with utility distribution service. The owner or prospective buyer needs the data to estimate economic viability and service reliability, while the utility needs it to determine interconnection arrangements, maintain quality of power delivered by its line, and to answer customer inquiries. No existing testing program provides all the information needed, although the Rocky Flats test site comes close. To fill this need for Michigan, Consumers Power Company and the Michigan Electric Cooperative Association helped support a two-year program at Michigan State University involving extensive performance testing of an Enertech 1500 and a 4-kW Dakota with a Gemini inverter. The performance study suggested measurements necessary to characterize SWECS for interconnected operation. They include SWECS energy output to a-c line, miles of wind passing the rotor, var-hour metering for average var consumption, and recording watt, current, and voltmeters to assess SWECS output variability. Added instruments for waveform measurement (to assess power quality) are also needed. Typical data taken at the MSU test site are used to illustrate the techniques and preliminary data from a current project is given. Finally, conclusions about SWECS performance are listed.

Park, G.L.; Krauss, O.; Miller, J.

1984-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Interconnection Standards for Small Generators | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interconnection Standards for Small Generators Interconnection Standards for Small Generators Interconnection Standards for Small Generators < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Tribal Government Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Water Wind Energy Sources Solar Home Weatherization Program Info Program Type Interconnection Provider Federal Energy Regulatory Commission The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) adopted "small generator" interconnection standards for distributed energy resources up to 20 megawatts (MW) in capacity in May 2005.* The FERC's standards apply only to facilities subject to the jurisdiction of the commission; these facilities

299

"Table HC12.12 Home Electronics Usage Indicators by Midwest Census Region, 2005"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2 Home Electronics Usage Indicators by Midwest Census Region, 2005" 2 Home Electronics Usage Indicators by Midwest Census Region, 2005" " Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"Midwest Census Region" ,"U.S. Housing Units (millions)" ,,,"Census Division" ,,"Total Midwest" "Home Electronics Usage Indicators",,,"East North Central","West North Central" "Total",111.1,25.6,17.7,7.9 "Personal Computers" "Do Not Use a Personal Computer",35.5,8.1,5.6,2.5 "Use a Personal Computer",75.6,17.5,12.1,5.4 "Most-Used Personal Computer" "Type of PC" "Desk-top Model",58.6,14.1,10,4 "Laptop Model",16.9,3.4,2.1,1.3 "Hours Turned on Per Week" "Less than 2 Hours",13.6,3.4,2.5,0.9

300

"Table HC12.5 Space Heating Usage Indicators by Midwest Census Region, 2005"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5 Space Heating Usage Indicators by Midwest Census Region, 2005" 5 Space Heating Usage Indicators by Midwest Census Region, 2005" " Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"Midwest Census Region" ,"U.S. Housing Units (millions)" ,,,"Census Division" ,,"Total Midwest" "Space Heating Usage Indicators",,,"East North Central","West North Central" "Total U.S. Housing Units",111.1,25.6,17.7,7.9 "Do Not Have Heating Equipment",1.2,"Q","Q","N" "Have Space Heating Equipment",109.8,25.6,17.7,7.9 "Use Space Heating Equipment",109.1,25.6,17.7,7.9 "Have But Do Not Use Equipment",0.8,"N","N","N" "Space Heating Usage During 2005"

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interconnection pjm midwest" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Definition: Interconnection Reliability Operating Limit Tv | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Limit Tv Limit Tv Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Interconnection Reliability Operating Limit Tv The maximum time that an Interconnection Reliability Operating Limit can be violated before the risk to the interconnection or other Reliability Coordinator Area(s) becomes greater than acceptable. Each Interconnection Reliability Operating Limit's Tv shall be less than or equal to 30 minutes.[1] Related Terms Interconnection Reliability Operating Limitinterconnection, interconnection References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An i LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. nline Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Interconnection_Reliability_Operating_Limit_Tv&oldid=493031

302

Eastern Interconnection Planning Collaborative News Release | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Eastern Interconnection Planning Collaborative News Release Eastern Interconnection Planning Collaborative News Release Eastern Interconnection Planning Collaborative News Release The Eastern Interconnection Planning Collaborative (EIPC) today announced that its diverse array of stakeholders has reached consensus on the final set of "resource expansion futures" to be studied as part of the electric system transmission planning effort funded by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). Eastern Interconnection Planning Collaborative News Release More Documents & Publications Electricity Advisory Committee Meeting Presentations October 2011 - Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Processes EAC Recommendations for DOE Action Regarding Interconnection-Wide Planning - June 6, 2013 Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-352 NaturEner Tie

303

Ex Parte Communication, Docket EERE-2012-BT-STD-0022 | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

from PJM Interconnection LLC, National Rural Electric Cooperatives Association, Edison Electric Institute, American Public Power Association, Rheem and the Steffes...

304

Power Quality Investigation at a Midwest Hospital: Magnetic Resonance Imaging System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recently, a Midwest hospital contacted its electric utility about malfunctions involving imaging systems including magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT). The MRI system was the primary concern for the hospital. The MRI system was manufactured by a leading imaging system manufacturer and the CT system was manufactured by another leading imaging system manufacturer. To begin investigating the problem, the hospital requested that power-line monitoring be conducted at the facility. Th...

2007-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

305

Evaluation of Wind Shear Patterns at Midwest Wind Energy Facilities: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy-Electric Power Research Institute (DOE-EPRI) Wind Turbine Verification Program (TVP) has included several wind energy facilities in the Midwestern United States. At several of these projects, a strong diurnal shear pattern has been observed. During the day, low and sometimes negative shear has been measured. During night hours, very high positive shear is frequently observed. These high nighttime shear values are of concern due to the potential for high stresses across the rotor. The resulting loads on turbine components could result in failures. Conversely, the effects of high nighttime wind shear could benefit wind generated energy production in the Midwest by providing a source of greater hub-height wind speeds, particularly for multi-megawatt turbines that utilize tall towers. This paper presents an overview of the observed wind shear at each of the Midwest TVP projects, focusing on diurnal patterns and the frequency of very high nighttime shear at the sites. Turbine fault incidence is examined to determine the presence or absence of a correlation to periods of high shear. Implications of shear-related failures are discussed for other Midwest projects that use megawatt-scale turbines. In addition, this paper discusses the importance of accurate shear estimates for project development.

Smith, K.; Randall, G.; Malcolm, D.; Kelley, N.; Smith, B.

2002-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Development of Ceramic Interconnect Materials for SOFC  

SciTech Connect

Currently, acceptor-doped lanthanum chromite is the state-of-the-art ceramic interconnect material for high temperature solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) due to its fairly good electronic conductivity and chemical stability in both oxidizing and reducing atmospheres, and thermal compatibility with other cell components. The major challenge for acceptor-doped lanthanum chromite for SOFC interconnect applications is its inferior sintering behavior in air, which has been attributed to the development of a thin layer of Cr2O3 at the interparticle necks during the initial stages of sintering. In addition, lanthanum chromite is reactive with YSZ electrolyte at high temperatures, forming a highly resistive lanthanum zirconate phase (La2Zr2O7), which further complicates co-firing processes. Acceptor-doped yttrium chromite is considered to be one of the promising alternatives to acceptor-doped lanthanum chromite because it is more stable with respect to the formation of hydroxides in SOFC operating conditions, and the formation of impurity phases can be effectively avoided at co-firing temperatures. In addition, calcium-doped yttrium chromite exhibits higher mechanical strength than lanthanum chromite-based materials. The major drawback of yttrium chromite is considered to be its lower electrical conductivity than lanthanum chromite. The properties of yttrium chromites could possibly be improved and optimized by partial substitution of chromium with various transition metals. During FY10, PNNL investigated the effect of various transition metal doping on chemical stability, sintering and thermal expansion behavior, microstructure, electronic and ionic conductivity, and chemical compatibility with other cell components to develop the optimized ceramic interconnect material.

Yoon, Kyung J.; Stevenson, Jeffry W.; Marina, Olga A.

2010-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

307

Updating Interconnection Screens for PV System Integration  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This white paper evaluates the origins and usefulness of the capacity penetration screen, offer short-term solutions which could effectively allow fast-track interconnection to many PV system applications, and considers longer-term solutions for increasing PV deployment levels in a safe and reliable manner while reducing or eliminating the emphasis on the penetration screen. Short-term and longer-term alternatives approaches are offered as examples; however, specific modifications to screening procedures should be discussed with stakeholders and must ultimately be adopted by state and federal regulatory bodies.

Coddington, M.; Mather, B.; Kroposki, B.; Lynn, K.; Razon, A.; Ellis, A.; Hill, R.; Key, T.; Nicole, K.; Smith, J.

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Environmental Regulation Impacts on Eastern Interconnection Performance  

SciTech Connect

In the United States, recent environmental regulations will likely result in the removal of nearly 30 GW of oil and coal-fired generation from the power grid, mostly in the Eastern Interconnection (EI). The effects of this transition on voltage stability and transmission line flows have previously not been studied from a system-wide perspective. This report discusses the results of power flow studies designed to simulate the evolution of the EI over the next few years as traditional generation sources are replaced with environmentally friendlier ones such as natural gas and wind.

Markham, Penn N [ORNL; Liu, Yilu [ORNL; Young II, Marcus Aaron [ORNL

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Repairable chip bonding/interconnect process  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A repairable, chip-to-board interconnect process which addresses cost and testability issues in the multi-chip modules is disclosed. This process can be carried out using a chip-on-sacrificial-substrate technique, involving laser processing. This process avoids the curing/solvent evolution problems encountered in prior approaches, as well is resolving prior plating problems and the requirements for fillets. For repairable high speed chip-to-board connection, transmission lines can be formed on the sides of the chip from chip bond pads, ending in a gull wing at the bottom of the chip for subsequent solder. 10 figs.

Bernhardt, A.F.; Contolini, R.J.; Malba, V.; Riddle, R.A.

1997-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

310

Repairable chip bonding/interconnect process  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A repairable, chip-to-board interconnect process which addresses cost and testability issues in the multi-chip modules. This process can be carried out using a chip-on-sacrificial-substrate technique, involving laser processing. This process avoids the curing/solvent evolution problems encountered in prior approaches, as well is resolving prior plating problems and the requirements for fillets. For repairable high speed chip-to-board connection, transmission lines can be formed on the sides of the chip from chip bond pads, ending in a gull wing at the bottom of the chip for subsequent solder.

Bernhardt, Anthony F. (Berkeley, CA); Contolini, Robert J. (Livermore, CA); Malba, Vincent (Livermore, CA); Riddle, Robert A. (Tracy, CA)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Topic B Awardee: Eastern Interconnection States' Planning Council |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Eastern Interconnection States' Eastern Interconnection States' Planning Council Topic B Awardee: Eastern Interconnection States' Planning Council The Eastern Interconnection States' Planning Council (EISPC) is an historic endeavor initially funded by an award from the United States Department of Energy (DOE) pursuant to a provision of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA). The goal is to create an unprecedented collaborative among the states in the Eastern Interconnection. Comprised of public utility commissions, Governors' offices, energy offices, and other key government representatives, this collaboration will foster and produce consistent and coordinated direction to the regional and interconnection-level analyses and planning. Significant state input and direction increases the probability that the outputs will be useful to the

312

Recovery Act Interconnection Transmission Planning | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Act Interconnection Act Interconnection Transmission Planning Recovery Act Interconnection Transmission Planning View a Map of the Interconnections View a Map of the Interconnections Robust and reliable transmission and distribution networks are essential to achieving the Administration's clean energy goals, including the development, integration, and delivery of new renewable and other low-carbon resources in the electricity sector, and the use of these resources to displace petroleum-based fuels in the transportation sector. Pursuant to Title IV of the American Reinvestment and Recovery Act (2009), the Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability is helping to strengthen the capabilities for long-term analysis and planning in the three interconnections serving the lower 48

313

Method of doping interconnections for electrochemical cells  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A dense, electronically conductive interconnection layer 26 is bonded on a porous, tubular, electronically conductive air electrode structure 16, optionally supported by a ceramic support 22, by (A) forming a layer of oxide particles of at least one of the metals Ca, Sr, Co, Ba or Mg on a part 24 of a first surface of the air electrode 16, (B) heating the electrode structure, (C) applying a halide vapor containing at least lanthanum halide and chromium halide to the first surface and applying a source of oxygen to a second opposite surface of the air electrode so that they contact at said first surface, to cause a reaction of the oxygen and halide and cause a dense lanthanum-chromium oxide structure to grow, from the first electrode surface, between and around the oxide particles, where the metal oxide particles get incoporated into the lanthanum-chromium oxide structure as it grows thicker with time, and the metal ions in the oxide particles diffuse into the bulk of the lanthamum-chromium oxide structure, to provide a dense, top, interconnection layer 26 on top of the air electrode 16. A solid electrolyte layer 18 can be applied to the uncovered portion of the air electrode, and a fuel electrode 20 can be applied to the solid electrolyte, to provide an electrochemical cell 10.

Pal, Uday B. (Monroeville, PA); Singhal, Subhash C. (Murrysville, PA); Moon, David M. (Pittsburgh, PA); Folser, George R. (Lower Burrell, PA)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Special Issue: Selected Research from the First Optical Interconnects Conference  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This introduction to the special issue summarizes the creation of the first Optical Interconnects Conference, discusses some key themes in the field, and introduces the seven articles included in the special issue. Keywords: Special issues and sections,Optical interconnections,High performance computing,Silicon,Photonics,Data communications,Wavelength division multiplexing,wavelength division multiplexing,optical interconnects,high-performance computing,data centers,datacomm,silicon photonics

Jeffrey A. Kash, Raymond G. Beausoleil

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Application for presidential permit OE Docket No. PP-230-4 International Transmission Company: Supplemental Comments of the Midwest Independent Transmission System Operator  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Supplemental comments of the Midwest Independent Transmission System Operaton on the application from International Transmission Company to construct, operate, and maintain electric transmission...

316

Using a Collaborative Approach to Interconnection-Wide Transmission Analyses  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interconnection-Wide Planning in Interconnection-Wide Planning in the Eastern Interconnection EIPC Update for the DOE Electricity Advisory Committee October 20, 2011 David A. Whiteley Presentation Topics * Update on process and structure * Study results so far * Value unlocked * What's next 2 Update on Process and Structure * EIPC - 26 EI Planning Authorities (Planning Coordinators) * Integrate and analyze approved regional plans * Develop interregional expansion scenarios to be studied * Develop interregional transmission expansion options * Consistent with Orders 890 and 1000 * Self-funded * Primary activity is DOE funded interconnection studies project - 2 phases 3 Who are the PAs? * Alcoa Power Generating * American Transmission Co. * Duke Energy Carolinas * Electric Energy Inc. * Entergy *

317

Pb-Free Solders and Next Generation Interconnects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Meeting, Materials Science & Technology 2012. Symposium, Pb-Free Solders and Next Generation Interconnects. Sponsorship. Organizer(s), Thomas R. Bieler ,...

318

All Copper Flip-Chip Interconnect - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, A novel flip-chip technology using electroless copper deposition has been used to produce all-copper, chip-to-substrate interconnect.

319

Characterization of Mn-Co Electrodeposition for SOFC Interconnect ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Characterization of Mn-Co Electrodeposition for SOFC Interconnect Applications by QCM. Author(s), Junwei Wu, Ayyakkannu Manivannan,...

320

Microsoft Word - Poster Abstract_2010_PNNL_Ceramic Interconnect...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3: Development of Ceramic Interconnect Materials for SOFC Kyung Joong Yoon, Jeffry W. Stevenson, and Olga Marina A-site calcium doped yttrium chromite was additionally doped with...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interconnection pjm midwest" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Electrodeposited Mn-Co Alloy Coating For SOFC Interconnects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Electrodeposited Mn-Co Alloy Coating For SOFC Interconnects. Author(s), Heather McCrabb, Tim Hall, Junwei Wu, Hui Zhang, Xingbo Liu,...

322

The 8th TMS Lead Free Solder and Interconnect Technology ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

TMS 2012: Continuing Education: The 8th TMS Lead Free Solder and Interconnect Technology Workshop March 11-15, 2012 Orlando, FL. Who should attend:

323

Pb-Free Solders and Next Generation Interconnects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Symposium. Meeting, Materials Science & Technology 2011. Symposium, Pb-Free Solders and Next Generation Interconnects. Sponsorship, MS&T...

324

Photonic crystal cavity based architecture for optical interconnects.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Todays information and communication industry is confronted with a serious bottleneck due to the prohibitive energy consumption and limited transmission bandwidth of electrical interconnects. Silicon (more)

Debnath, Kapil

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Microgrid V2G Charging Station Interconnection Testing (Presentation)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This presentation by Mike Simpson of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) describes NREL's microgrid vehicle-to-grid charging station interconnection testing.

Simpson, M.

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Pb-free Solders and Advanced Interconnecting Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Pb-free solders and interconnects for automotive and power electronics ... and Orientation Evolution in Sn-Ag-Cu Solder Joints in Ball Grid Array Packages.

327

Project Award Spreadsheets 2010 12 21 1232.xlsx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interconnection Organization Recovery Act Funding PJM Interconnection, LLC 16,000,000 The National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners (NARUC) 14,000,000 Western...

328

Trinity Public Utilities District Direct Interconnection Project  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

LEAD FEDERAL AGENCY: U.S. Department of Energy LEAD FEDERAL AGENCY: U.S. Department of Energy COOPERATING AGENCIES: U.S. Forest Service, U.S. Bureau of Land Management, U.S. Bureau of Reclamation TITLE: Final Environmental Impact Statement for the Trinity Public Utilities District Direct Interconnection Project, DOE/EIS-0389 LOCATION: Trinity County, California CONTACT: For additional information on this For general information on the final environmental impact U.S. Department of Energy National statement, contact: Environmental Policy Act process, write or call: Mr. Mark J. Wieringa Ms. Carol M. Borgstrom, Director Western Area Power Administration Office of NEPA Policy and Compliance P.O. Box 281213 Health, Safety and Security (GC-20) Lakewood, CO 80228 U.S. Department of Energy

329

Buildings","Northeast",,"Midwest",,"South",,,"West"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

B4. Census Region and Division, Number of Buildings, 1999" B4. Census Region and Division, Number of Buildings, 1999" ,"Number of Buildings (thousand)" ,"All Buildings","Northeast",,"Midwest",,"South",,,"West" ,,"New England","Middle Atlantic","East North Central","West North Central","South Atlantic","East South Central","West South Central","Mountain","Pacific" "All Buildings ................",4657,208,479,782,406,748,396,618,315,705 "Building Floorspace" "(Square Feet)" "1,001 to 5,000 ...............",2348,99,206,390,230,368,189,360,155,351 "5,001 to 10,000 ..............",1110,41,128,200,72,194,80,139,80,175

330

Buildings","Northeast",,"Midwest",,"South",,,"West"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

B5. Census Region and Division, Floorspace, 1999" B5. Census Region and Division, Floorspace, 1999" ,"Total Floorspace (million square feet)" ,"All Buildings","Northeast",,"Midwest",,"South",,,"West" ,,"New England","Middle Atlantic","East North Central","West North Central","South Atlantic","East South Central","West South Central","Mountain","Pacific" "All Buildings ................",67338,3735,8625,11205,5556,11001,5220,7264,4579,10152 "Building Floorspace" "(Square Feet)" "1,001 to 5,000 ...............",6774,287,614,1186,648,1006,514,1015,493,1009 "5,001 to 10,000 ..............",8238,287,1015,1480,566,1430,644,983,612,1222

331

Integration and electrical characterization of carbon nanotube via interconnects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are considered a promising material for interconnects in the future generations of microchips because of their low electrical resistance and excellent mechanical stability. In particular, CNT-based contacts appear advantageous ... Keywords: CNT, Carbon nanotubes, Contact, Electrical characterization, Integration, Interconnect

Nicolo' Chiodarelli; Yunlong Li; Daire J. Cott; Sofie Mertens; Nick Peys; Marc Heyns; Stefan De Gendt; Guido Groeseneken; Philippe M. Vereecken

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Interconnection of asynchronous Boolean networks, asymptotic and transient dynamics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The dynamics of the interconnection of two Boolean networks is analyzed directly from the properties of the two individual modules. Motivated by biological systems where multiple timescales are present, we consider asynchronous Boolean networks, whose ... Keywords: Asynchronous Boolean networks, Model reduction, Multicellular systems, System interconnection

Laurent Tournier; Madalena Chaves

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

An efficient approach to simultaneous transistor and interconnect sizing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we study the simultaneous transistor and interconnect sizing (STIS) problem. We define a class of optimization problems as CH-posynomial programs and reveal a general dominance property for all CH-posynomial programs. We show that the ... Keywords: CH-posynomial programs, STIS, circuit CAD, driver/buffer, transistor and interconnect sizing, transistor sizing, wire sizing problem

Jason Cong; Lei He

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Updating Small Generator Interconnection Procedures for New Market Conditions  

SciTech Connect

Federal and state regulators are faced with the challenge of keeping interconnection procedures updated against a backdrop of evolving technology, new codes and standards, and considerably transformed market conditions. This report is intended to educate policymakers and stakeholders on beneficial reforms that will keep interconnection processes efficient and cost-effective while maintaining a safe and reliable power system.

Coddington, M.; Fox, K.; Stanfield, S.; Varnado, L.; Culley, T.; Sheehan, M.

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Towards Modeling Interconnection Networks of Exascale Systems with OMNet++  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One of the objectives of the decade for High-Performance Computing systems is to reach the exascale level of computing power before 2018, hence this will require strong efforts in their design. In that sense, High-speed low-latency interconnection networks ... Keywords: HPC interconnection networks, Performance evaluation, Simulation tools, OMNeT++

Pedro Yebenes, Jesus Escudero-Sahuquillo, Pedro J. Garcia, Francisco J. Quiles

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Control Performance Standards and Procedures for Interconnected Operation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report documents joint efforts of the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) and EPRI to develop new control area performance standards for operation of the North American Interconnections. These criteria will optimize operational efficiency of the Interconnections without impacting power system security.

1997-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

337

Large-scale integrated photonics for high-performance interconnects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Moore's Law has set great expectations that the performance of information technology will improve exponentially until at least the end of this decade. Although the physics of silicon transistors alone might allow these expectations to be met, the physics ... Keywords: DWDM, Hardware, Optical interconnects, interconnects

Raymond G. Beausoleil

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

10 Year Transmission Plan for the Western Electricity Interconnection  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

10 Year Transmission Plan for the Western Electricity 10 Year Transmission Plan for the Western Electricity Interconnection Released 10 Year Transmission Plan for the Western Electricity Interconnection Released October 3, 2011 - 8:11am Addthis Western Electricity Coordinating Council releases its first-ever transmission plan for the Western Interconnection. The Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC) announced the release of its first 10-Year Regional Transmission Plan (Plan) for the Western Interconnection. The Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability awarded WECC a $14.5 million grant under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act to expand on its transmission planning activities. Looking ahead to 2020, the Plan focuses on how to meet the Western Interconnection's transmission requirements, including transmission

339

Low Carbon Jobs in an Interconnected World | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jobs in an Interconnected World Jobs in an Interconnected World Jump to: navigation, search Name Low Carbon Jobs in an Interconnected World Agency/Company /Organization Global Climate Network Partner Institute for Public Policy Research Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics Co-benefits assessment, Background analysis Website http://www.ippr.org.uk/publica Country Australia, Brazil, China, Germany, India, Nigeria, South Africa, United Kingdom, United States Australia and New Zealand, South America, Eastern Asia, Western Europe, Southern Asia, Western Africa, Southern Africa, Northern Europe, Northern America References Low Carbon Jobs in an Interconnected World[1] Low Carbon Jobs in an Interconnected World Author: Global Climate Network Price: Free Publication Date: 30 March 2010

340

, Analysis of U.S. Net Metering and Interconnection Policy  

SciTech Connect

Historically, the absence of interconnection standards has been one of the primary barriers to the deployment of distributed generation (DG) in the United States. Although significant progress in the development of interconnection standards was achieved at both the federal and state levels in 2005, interconnection policy and net-metering policy continue to confound regulators, lawmakers, DG businesses, clean-energy advocates and consumers. For this reason it is critical to keep track of developments related to these issues. The North Carolina Solar Center (NCSC) is home to two Interstate Renewable Energy Council (IREC) projects -- the National Interconnection Project and the Database of State Incentives for Renewable Energy (DSIRE). This paper will present the major federal and state level policy developments in interconnection and net metering in 2005 and early 2006. It will also present conclusions based an analysis of data collected by these two projects.

Haynes, Rusty; Cook, Chris

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interconnection pjm midwest" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Clad metals by roll bonding for SOFC interconnects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Metallic interconnects have been becoming an increasingly interesting topic in the development in intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC). High temperature oxidation resistant alloys are currently considered as candidate materials. Among these alloys however, different groups of alloys demonstrate different advantages and disadvantages, and few if any can completely satisfy the stringent requirements for the application. To integrate the advantages and avoid the disadvantages of different groups of alloys, clad metal has been proposed for SOFC interconnect applications and interconnect structures. This paper gives a brief overview of the cladding approach and its applications, and discuss the viability of this technology to fabricate the metallic layered-structure interconnects. To examine the feasibility of this approach, the austenitic Ni-base alloy Haynes 230 and the ferritic stainless steel AL 453 were selected as examples and manufactured into a clad metal. Its suitability as an interconnect construction material was investigated.

Chen, L.; Jha, B; Yang, Z Gary; Xia, Gordon; Stevenson, Jeffry W.; Singh, Prabhakar

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Energy and water in the Western and Texas interconnects.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Department of Energy's Office of Electricity has initiated a $60M program to assist the electric industry in interconnection-level analysis and planning. The objective of this effort is to facilitate the development or strengthening of capabilities in each of the three interconnections serving the lower 48 states of the United States, to prepare analyses of transmission requirements under a broad range of alternative futures and develop long-term interconnection-wide transmission expansion plans. The interconnections are the Western Interconnection, the Eastern Interconnection, and the Texas Interconnection. One element of this program address the support and development of an integrated energy-water Decision Support System (DSS) that will enable planners in the Western and Texas Interconnections to analyze the potential implications of water stress for transmission and resource planning (the Eastern Interconnection is not participating in this element). Specific objectives include: (1) Develop an integrated Energy-Water Decision Support System (DSS) that will enable planners in the Western and Texas Interconnections to analyze the potential implications of water stress for transmission and resource planning. (2) Pursue the formulation and development of the Energy-Water DSS through a strongly collaborative process between members of this proposal team and the Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC), Western Governors Association (WGA), the Electric Reliability Council of Texas (ERCOT) and their associated stakeholder teams. (3) Exercise the Energy-Water DSS to investigate water stress implications of the transmission planning scenarios put forward by WECC, WGA, and ERCOT. The goals of this project are: (1) Develop an integrated Energy-Water Decision Support System (DSS) that will enable planners to analyze the potential implications of water stress for transmission and resource planning. (2) Pursue the formulation and development of the Energy-Water DSS through a strongly collaborative process between Western Electricity Coordinating Council, Electric Reliability Council of Texas, Western Governors Association, and Western States Water Council. (3) Exercise the Energy-Water DSS to investigate water transmission planning scenarios.

Tidwell, Vincent Carroll

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Technical Report: Impacts of Land Management and Climate on Agroecosystem Greenhouse Gas Exchange in the Upper Midwest United States  

SciTech Connect

Our research is designed to improve the scientific understanding of how carbon is cycled between the land and atmosphere within a heavily managed landscape that is characteristic of the Upper Midwest. The Objectives are: 1) Quantify the seasonal and interannual variation of net ecosystem CO2 exchange of agricultural ecosystems in the Upper Midwest grown under different management strategies; 2) Partition net ecosystem CO2 exchange into photosynthesis and ecosystem respiration by combining micrometeorological and stable isotope techniques; 3) Examine the seasonal variation in canopy-scale photosynthetic discrimination and the isotope ratios of ecosystem respiration and photosynthesis.

Timothy J. Griffis; John M. Baker

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Electricity Monthly Update  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Regional Wholesale Markets: December 2011 Regional Wholesale Markets: December 2011 The United States has many regional wholesale electricity markets. Below we look at monthly and annual ranges of on-peak, daily wholesale prices at selected pricing locations and daily peak demand for selected electricity systems in the nation. The range of daily prices and demand data is shown for the report month and for the year ending with the report month. Prices and demand are shown for six Regional Transmission Operator (RTO) markets: ISO New England (ISO-NE), New York ISO (NYISO), PJM Interconnection (PJM), Midwest ISO (MISO), Electric Reliability Council of Texas (ERCOT), and two locations in the California ISO (CAISO). Also shown are wholesale prices at trading hubs in Louisiana (into Entergy), Southwest

345

Electricity Monthly Update  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Regional Wholesale Markets: January 2012 Regional Wholesale Markets: January 2012 The United States has many regional wholesale electricity markets. Below we look at monthly and annual ranges of on-peak, daily wholesale prices at selected pricing locations and daily peak demand for selected electricity systems in the nation. The range of daily prices and demand data is shown for the report month and for the year ending with the report month. Prices and demand are shown for six Regional Transmission Operator (RTO) markets: ISO New England (ISO-NE), New York ISO (NYISO), PJM Interconnection (PJM), Midwest ISO (MISO), Electric Reliability Council of Texas (ERCOT), and two locations in the California ISO (CAISO). Also shown are wholesale prices at trading hubs in Louisiana (into Entergy), Southwest

346

Electricity Monthly Update  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Regional Wholesale Markets: October 2011 Regional Wholesale Markets: October 2011 The United States has many regional wholesale electricity markets. Below we look at monthly and annual ranges of on-peak, daily wholesale prices at selected pricing locations and daily peak demand for selected electricity systems in the U.S. The range of daily prices and demand data is shown for the report month and for the year ending with the report month. Prices and demand are shown for six Regional Transmission Operator (RTO) markets: ISO New England (ISO-NE), New York ISO (NYISO), PJM Interconnection (PJM), Midwest ISO (MISO), Electric Reliability Council of Texas (ERCOT), and two locations in the California ISO (CAISO). Also shown are wholesale prices at trading hubs in Louisiana (into Entergy), Southwest

347

Electricity Monthly Update  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Regional Wholesale Markets: September 2011 Regional Wholesale Markets: September 2011 The United States. has many regional wholesale electricity markets. Below we look at monthly and annual ranges of on-peak, daily wholesale prices at selected pricing locations and daily peak demand for selected electricity systems in the U.S. The range of daily price and demand data is shown for the month of September 2011 and for the year ending on September 30, 2011. Prices and demand are shown for six Regional Transmission Operator (RTO) markets: ISO New England (ISO-NE), New York ISO (NYISO), PJM Interconnection (PJM), Midwest ISO (MISO), Electric Reliability Council of Texas (ERCOT), and California ISO (CAISO). Also shown are wholesale prices at trading hubs in Louisiana (into Entergy), Southwest (Palo Verde) and

348

Electricity Monthly Update  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Regional Wholesale Markets: March 2012 Regional Wholesale Markets: March 2012 The United States has many regional wholesale electricity markets. Below we look at monthly and annual ranges of on-peak, daily wholesale prices at selected pricing locations and daily peak demand for selected electricity systems in the Nation. The range of daily prices and demand data is shown for the report month and for the year ending with the report month. Prices and demand are shown for six Regional Transmission Operator (RTO) markets: ISO New England (ISO-NE), New York ISO (NYISO), PJM Interconnection (PJM), Midwest ISO (MISO), Electric Reliability Council of Texas (ERCOT), and two locations in the California ISO (CAISO). Also shown are wholesale prices at trading hubs in Louisiana (into Entergy), Southwest

349

Electricity Monthly Update  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Regional Wholesale Markets: February 2012 Regional Wholesale Markets: February 2012 The United States has many regional wholesale electricity markets. Below we look at monthly and annual ranges of on-peak, daily wholesale prices at selected pricing locations and daily peak demand for selected electricity systems in the Nation. The range of daily prices and demand data is shown for the report month and for the year ending with the report month. Prices and demand are shown for six Regional Transmission Operator (RTO) markets: ISO New England (ISO-NE), New York ISO (NYISO), PJM Interconnection (PJM), Midwest ISO (MISO), Electric Reliability Council of Texas (ERCOT), and two locations in the California ISO (CAISO). Also shown are wholesale prices at trading hubs in Louisiana (into Entergy), Southwest

350

Electricity Monthly Update  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Regional Wholesale Markets: November 2011 Regional Wholesale Markets: November 2011 The United States has many regional wholesale electricity markets. Below we look at monthly and annual ranges of on-peak, daily wholesale prices at selected pricing locations and daily peak demand for selected electricity systems in the U.S. The range of daily prices and demand data is shown for the report month and for the year ending with the report month. Prices and demand are shown for six Regional Transmission Operator (RTO) markets: ISO New England (ISO-NE), New York ISO (NYISO), PJM Interconnection (PJM), Midwest ISO (MISO), Electric Reliability Council of Texas (ERCOT), and two locations in the California ISO (CAISO). Also shown are wholesale prices at trading hubs in Louisiana (into Entergy), Southwest

351

Slide 1  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

www.pjm.com www.pjm.com Congestion and the PJM Regional Transmission Expansion Plan H. Charles Liebold PJM Interconnection Manager, Interregional Planning December 6, 2011 DOE Workshop PJM©2011 2 21% of U.S. GDP produced in PJM PJM as Part of the Eastern Interconnection with ATSI & Duke Integration KEY STATISTICS PJM member companies 750+ millions of people served 61 peak load in megawatts 162,230 MWs of generating capacity 184,992 miles of transmission lines 62,214 GWh of annual energy 832,331 generation sources 1,340 square miles of territory 213,900 area served 13 states + DC Internal/external tie lines 247 * 26% of generation in Eastern Interconnection * 28% of load in Eastern Interconnection * 19% of transmission assets in Eastern Interconnection www.pjm.com PJM©2011

352

PP-82-3 The Joint Owners of the Highgate Interconnection Facilities...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3 The Joint Owners of the Highgate Interconnection Facilities PP-82-3 The Joint Owners of the Highgate Interconnection Facilities Presidential Permit authorizing The Joint Owners...

353

Memory test time reduction by interconnecting test items  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The idea is to interconnect test items to reuse memory states left from the previous test item for saving initialization and verification sequences. Meanwhile, signal settling time of the tester between two consecutive test items being applied can also ... Keywords: NP-hard problem, constraints, graph theory, initialization sequences, integer linear programming model, integer programming, integrated circuit testing, integrated memory circuits, interconnection problem, iterations, linear programming, memory test time reduction, rural Chinese postman problem, signal settling time, successive ILP models, test items interconnection, verification sequences

Wen-Jer Wu; Chuan Yi Tang

2000-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Impacts of a nuclear war in South Asia on soybean and maize production in the Midwest United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

States from climate change following a regional nuclear conflict between India and Pakistan. Using AgroImpacts of a nuclear war in South Asia on soybean and maize production in the Midwest United States phases also had an important effect. 1 Introduction In the event of nuclear war, targets in cities

Robock, Alan

355

Persistent Low Overcast Events in the U.S. Upper Midwest: A Climatological and Case Study Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Persistent low overcast conditions, defined as continuous overcast conditions (100% cloud cover) with ceiling heights at or below 2 km for a minimum of 5 days, are found to occur in the cold season in the U.S. upper Midwest on average slightly ...

Paul J. Roebber; James M. Frederick; Thomas P. DeFelice

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Impacts of a nuclear war in South Asia on soybean and maize production in the Midwest United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

had an important effect. 1 Introduction In the event of nuclear war, targets in cities and industrialImpacts of a nuclear war in South Asia on soybean and maize production in the Midwest United States decline in the Midwestern United States from climate change following a regional nuclear conflict between

Robock, Alan

357

Development of a Regional Climate Model for U.S. Midwest Applications. Part I: Sensitivity to Buffer Zone Treatment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A regional climate model (RCM) is being developed for U.S. Midwest applications on the basis of the newly released Pennsylvania State UniversityNCAR Fifth-Generation Mesoscale Model (MM5), version 3.3. This study determines the optimal RCM ...

Xin-Zhong Liang; Kenneth E. Kunkel; Arthur N. Samel

2001-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Stability of chromite interconnections in dual environments  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

One of the most critical technical concerns in high-temperature SOFCs is the physical, chemical, and electrical stability of the interconnect (typically a doped lanthanum chromite) in the dual (oxidizing and reducing atmosphere) SOFC environment. The reducing or fuel side may experience oxygen partial pressures (P(O{sub 2})) from 10{sup {minus}18} to 10{sup {minus}6} atmospheres, while the oxidizing side may have P(O{sub 2}) from 10{sup {minus}6} to greater than 1 atm. These conditions limit the possible candidate materials to lanthanum or yttrium chromites. In the past decade, much work has centered on development of air-sinterable chromites and understanding their physical properties; little work, however, has focused on the stability of these chromites in dual environments. Chromite powders were synthesized using the glycine-nitrate process. The powders were calcined at 1,000 C for 1 hour and then uniaxially pressed into bars (46mm x 16mm x 3mm) at 55 MPa and isostatically pressed at 138 MPa. Samples were sintered in air. The dependence of the physical properties of sintered lanthanum chromites upon ambient P(O{sub 2}) and temperature (using dilatometry, thermogravimetric analysis, and oxygen permeation measurements) were studied. La{sub 1{minus}x}A{sub x}CrO{sub 3} and Y{sub 1{minus}x}Ca{sub x}CrO{sub 3}, where A is Ca or Sr and x was varied from 0.1 to 0.4 were evaluated in this study. The P(O{sub 2}) was varied using a buffered CO{sub 2}/Ar-4%H{sub 2} gas system, enabling expansion measurements to be made over a partial pressure range from 10{sup {minus}5} to 10{sup {minus}18} atmosphere at 800, 900, and 1,000 C.

Armstrong, T.R.; Stevenson, J.W.; Raney, P.; Pederson, L.R.

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Webinar: Understanding the Interconnection and Transmission Service Queues  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Webinar: Understanding the Interconnection and Transmission Service Webinar: Understanding the Interconnection and Transmission Service Queues Webinar: Understanding the Interconnection and Transmission Service Queues March 5, 2012 - 6:10pm Addthis This webinar will take place March 28, 2012, from 11 a.m.-12:30 p.m. MDT. Hosted by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Office of Indian Energy Policy and Programs, DOE's Tribal Energy Program, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and the Western Area Power Administration, this Web seminar will answer the following questions: What is the large generator interconnection procedure? How is transmission service requested? What does this mean for Tribes interested in gaining access to the transmission system? This is the fifth in a series of webinars that will run through September 2012.

360

USLCI Interconnect Region Electricity datasets, 2008 | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

76 76 Varnish cache server Browse Upload data GDR 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 2142278976 Varnish cache server USLCI Interconnect Region Electricity datasets, 2008 Dataset Summary Description Datasets are for the US electricity grid system interconnect regions (ASCC, FRCC, HICC, MRO, NPCC, RFC, SERC, SPP, TRE, WECC) for 2008. The data is provided in life cycle inventory (LCI) forms (both xls and xml). A module report and a detailed spreadsheet are also included.Datasets include generation and transmission of electricity for each of the interconnect regions. It is representative of the year 2008 mix of fuels used for utility generations for each of the interconnect regions and is based on the EIA electricity reports for all power plants in the US. Detailed information on the methodology is included in the module report and detailed spreadsheet.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interconnection pjm midwest" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

PARS II New Contractor Information for Interconnection Security Agreement  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

New Contractor Information for Interconnection Security Agreement New Contractor Information for Interconnection Security Agreement V1.0 (November 18, 2010) The Department of Energy (DOE) Headquarters Program Cyber Security Plan (PCSP), dated February 2008, requires the Project Assessment and Reporting System (PARS) II System Owner and the contractor sign an Interconnection Security Agreement (ISA). The requirement for an Interconnection Security Agreement can be found on page 182 of the PCSP. The ISA template is available for review on the PARS II portal (http://management.energy.gov/online_resources/pars2.htm) under Contractor Documents. Before the contractor begins sending data to PARS II, DOE will send the ISA to the contractor for review and signature. In order to prepare the ISA for review and signature, the PARS II Support Team needs

362

Microbenchmark Performance Comparison of High-Speed Cluster Interconnects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High-speed cluster interconnects Myrinet, Quadrics, and InfiniBand achieve low latency and high bandwidth with low host overhead. However, they show quite different performance behaviors when handling communication buffer reuse patterns.

Jiuxing Liu; Balasubramanian Chandrasekaran; Weikuan Yu; Jiesheng Wu; Darius Buntinas; Sushmitha Kini; Dhabaleswar K. Panda; Pete Wyckoff

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Interconnect scaling into the sub-10nm regime  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Scaling of conventional interconnects faces two major challenges: increased effective copper resistivity at nano-scale linewidth, and degraded copper wire reliability at higher current density. Analysis shows that when the linewidth of Cu wire scales ...

Xiangyu Chen; Jiale Liang; H.-S. Philip Wong

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

The feasibility of on-chip interconnection using antennas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The feasibility of integrating antennas and required circuits to form wireless interconnects in foundry digital CMOS technologies has been demonstrated. The key challenges including the effects of metal structures associated with integrated circuits, ...

K. K. O; K. Kim; B. Floyd; J. Mehta; H. Yoon; C.-M. Hung; D. Bravo; T. Dickson; X. Guo; R. Li; N. Trichy; J. Caserta; W. Bomstad; J. Branch; D.-J. Yang; J. Bohorquez; J. Chen; E.-Y. Seok; L. Gao; A. Sugavanam; J.-J. Lin; S. Yu; C. Cao; M.-H. Hwang; Y.-R. Ding; S.-H. Hwang; H. Wu; N. Zhang; J. E. Brewer

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Nanoantenna couplers for metal-insulator-metal waveguide interconnects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

State-of-the-art copper interconnects suffer from increasing spatial power dissipation due to chip downscaling and RC delays reducing operation bandwidth. Wide bandwidth, minimized Ohmic loss, deep sub-wavelength confinement ...

Onbasli, Mehmet Cengiz

366

Advanced Unit Commitment Strategies in the United States Eastern Interconnection  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This project sought to evaluate the impacts of high wind penetrations on the U.S. Eastern Interconnection and analyze how different unit commitment strategies may affect these impacts.

Meibom, P.; Larsen, H. V.; Barth, R.; Brand, H.; Tuohy, A.; Ela, E.

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Field solver technologies for variation-aware interconnect parasitic extraction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Advances in integrated circuit manufacturing technologies have enabled high density onchip integration by constantly scaling down the device and interconnect feature size. As a consequence of the ongoing technology scaling ...

El-Moselhy, Tarek Ali

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Microsoft Word - Poster Abstract_2010_PNNL_Steel Interconnect...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2: Dual Interconnect Coatings for Planar SOFC Stacks Jung Pyung Choi, Jeffry W. Stevenson, K. Scott Weil, Yeong-Shyung Chou, Z. Gary Yang, and Gordon Xia Ferritic stainless steel...

369

8th Annual TMS Lead Free Solder and Interconnect Technology ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

8th Annual TMS Lead Free Solder and Interconnect. Technology Workshop. Sunday, March 11, 2012 9:00 a.m. 4:30 p.m.. Member fee: $15. Nonmember fee:...

370

Energy scalability of on-chip interconnection networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On-chip interconnection networks (OCN) such as point-to-point networks and buses form the communication backbone in multiprocessor systems-on-a-chip, multicore processors, and tiled processors. OCNs consume significant ...

Konstantakopoulos, Theodoros K., 1977-

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Interconnect modeling and optimization in deep sub-micron technologies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Interconnect will be a major bottleneck for deep sub-micron technologies in the years to come. This dissertation addresses the communication aspect from a power consumption and transmission speed perspective. A model for ...

Sotiriadis, Paul Peter P. (Paul Peter Peter-Paul), 1973-

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Interconnecting PV on New York City's Secondary Network Distribution System  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This study describes technical assistance provided by NREL to help New York City and Con Edison improve the interconnection of distributed PV systems on a secondary network distribution system.

Anderson, K.; Coddington, M.; Burman, K.; Hayter, S.; Kroposki, B.; Watson, A.

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Utility Wind Integration Group Distributed Wind/Solar Interconnection  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Utility Wind Integration Group Distributed Wind/Solar Utility Wind Integration Group Distributed Wind/Solar Interconnection Workshop Utility Wind Integration Group Distributed Wind/Solar Interconnection Workshop May 21, 2013 8:00AM MDT to May 22, 2013 5:00PM MDT Golden, Colorado This two-day workshop will answer your questions about interconnecting wind and solar plants and other distributed generation applications to electric distribution systems while providing insight on integrating large-scale renewable generation into the transmission system. Held at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's (NREL) state-of-the-art Energy Systems Integration Facility (ESIF) on the first day and at the Western Area Power Administration's Electric Power Training Center (EPTC) on the second day, the workshop will provide an overview of wind and solar interconnection

374

EA-1902: Northern Wind Interconnection Project, Summit, South Dakota  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

DOEs Western Area Power Administration is preparing this EA to evaluate the environmental impacts of the interconnection of the proposed Northern Wind Project in Summit, South Dakota.

375

Evaluation of phase change materials for reconfigurable interconnects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The possible use of programmable integrated circuit interconnect vias using an indirectly heated phase change material is evaluated. Process development and materials investigations are examined. Devices capable of multiple ...

Khoo, Chee Ying

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Developing Generic Dynamic Models for the 2030 Eastern Interconnection Grid  

SciTech Connect

The Eastern Interconnection Planning Collaborative (EIPC) has built three major power flow cases for the 2030 Eastern Interconnection (EI) based on various levels of energy/environmental policy conditions, technology advances, and load growth. Using the power flow cases, this report documents the process of developing the generic 2030 dynamic models using typical dynamic parameters. The constructed model was validated indirectly using the synchronized phasor measurements by removing the wind generation temporarily.

Kou, Gefei [ORNL] [ORNL; Hadley, Stanton W [ORNL] [ORNL; Markham, Penn N [ORNL] [ORNL; Liu, Yilu [ORNL] [ORNL

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Pre-Certification Testing of Vendor Interconnection Products  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A recent EPRI-sponsored project surveyed the state of interconnection hardware and practices used in the connection of distributed generation and storage to the electric power system. The assessment reviewed the adequacy of these products and practices to meet expected future distributed generation (DR) applications and identified gaps in knowledge. The project also tested the performance of several available interconnection products used for protective relaying and paralleling functions. This report giv...

2002-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

378

Solid-state energy storage module employing integrated interconnect board  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention is directed to an improved electrochemical energy storage device. The electrochemical energy storage device includes a number of solid-state, thin-film electrochemical cells which are selectively interconnected in series or parallel through use of an integrated interconnect board. The interconnect board is typically disposed within a sealed housing which also houses the electrochemical cells, and includes a first contact and a second contact respectively coupled to first and second power terminals of the energy storage device. The interconnect board advantageously provides for selective series or parallel connectivity with the electrochemical cells, irrespective of electrochemical cell position within the housing. In one embodiment, a sheet of conductive material is processed by employing a known milling, stamping, or chemical etching technique to include a connection pattern which provides for flexible and selective interconnecting of individual electrochemical cells within the housing, which may be a hermetically sealed housing. Fuses and various electrical and electro-mechanical devices, such as bypass, equalization, and communication devices for example, may also be mounted to the interconnect board and selectively connected to the electrochemical cells.

Rouillard, Jean (Saint-Luc, CA); Comte, Christophe (Montreal, CA); Daigle, Dominik (St-Hyacinthe, CA); Hagen, Ronald A. (Stillwater, MN); Knudson, Orlin B. (Vadnais Heights, MN); Morin, Andre (Longueuil, CA); Ranger, Michel (Lachine, CA); Ross, Guy (Beloeil, CA); Rouillard, Roger (Beloeil, CA); St-Germain, Philippe (Outremont, CA); Sudano, Anthony (Laval, CA); Turgeon, Thomas A. (Fridley, MN)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Buildings*","Northeast",,"Midwest",,"South",,,"West"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

. Census Region and Division, Number of Buildings for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003" . Census Region and Division, Number of Buildings for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003" ,"Number of Buildings (thousand)" ,"All Buildings*","Northeast",,"Midwest",,"South",,,"West" ,,"New England","Middle Atlantic","East North Central","West North Central","South Atlantic","East South Central","West South Central","Mountain","Pacific" "All Buildings* ...............",4645,233,493,696,571,874,348,553,299,580 "Building Floorspace" "(Square Feet)" "1,001 to 5,000 ...............",2552,127,237,369,356,457,215,294,165,333 "5,001 to 10,000 ..............",889,48,101,117,97,189,56,116,56,110

380

Residential demand for natural gas by black and nonblack households in the Midwest  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents a comparative analysis of natural gas demand by black and nonblack households in the Midwest census region. Historically, such comparative analyses have been grounded in comparisons of the share of income spent for energy (see Newman and Day, 1975; Grier, 1979; and Brazzel and Hunter, 1979). Because of theoretical flaws associated with this approach, our analysis is couched within a complete demand system (see Morrissey, 1984) in which certain restrictions required by consumer demand theory are imposed on our energy demand system. This approach should provide more precise measurement of the relative nature of natural gas demand. Philips (1983), Deaton and Muellbauer (1980), and Theil (1980), along with Morrissev, provide fine discussions of the complete demand system. Our working hypothesis is that the structural demand relationship for natural gas is different for black and nonblack households and that this difference reflects the greater vulnerability of blacks to rising prices of natural gas. Because of deficient economic resources and a long legacy of institutional constraints such as financial red-lining and housing discrimination, as well as lingering behavioral characteristics, it remains difficult for blacks to move out of energy-inefficient housing. This, in turn, corresponds directly to a larger energy demand burden for blacks in the Midwest. This paper is organized into four sections. The first section provides the historical background upon which our analysis is based. The second section is a discussion of our demand model. Our empirical results are described in the third section. In the fourth and final section, our conclusions and suggestions for future research are presented. 18 refs., 7 tabs.

Poyer, D.A.; Johnson, G.

1985-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interconnection pjm midwest" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Carbon Nanomaterials: The Ideal Interconnect Technology for Next-Generation ICs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Editor's note:Carbon nanotubes and graphene nanoribbons are two promising next-generation interconnect technologies. Electrical modeling and performance analysis have demonstrated the superiority of these emerging technologies compared to conventional ... Keywords: design and test, carbon nanomaterials, carbon nanotube (CNT), graphene nanoribbon (GNR), electrical interconnects, optical interconnects, RF or wireless interconnects, on-chip vias, through-silicon vias (TSVs), delay, power

Hong Li; Chuan Xu; Kaustav Banerjee

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Compact Models for Transient Analysis of Single-Layer Graphene Nanoribbon Interconnects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Carbon based interconnects have shown immense potential as a candidate to replace traditional copper interconnects for on-chip applications. In that, 2D Graphene Nanoribbon (GNR) interconnects offer superior electrical properties owing to larger mean ... Keywords: GNR, time-domain analysis, delay, energy, interconnects, 3 dB frequency, EDP (energy delay product)

Prashant Kumar, Arun Singh, Anshul Garg, Rohit Sharma

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Application for presidential permit OE Docket No. PP-230-4 Internation...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

to intervene out of time and comments in support of the March 25, 2011 filing by PJM Interconnection, L.L.C. ("PJM") in the above-captioned proceeding. PETITION TO...

384

Proceedings of the March 25-26, 2009 Conference for the 2009 National  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2 2 Proceedings of the March 25-26, 2009 Conference for the 2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study - Session 2 A technical workshop on the 2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study was held on March 25-26, 2009 to receive input from subject matter experts on the historical transmission data and studies of future transmission projections in the Western and Eastern Interconnections. Session 2: Historic Congestion in the Eastern Interconnection Presentation by Jagjit Singh, Open Access Technology International, Inc..pdf Presentation by Farrokh Rahimi, Open Access Technology International, Inc..pdf Presentation by Jim Busbin, Southern Company Transmission.pdf Presentation by Mike Walsh, Midwest ISO.pdf Presentation by Steve Herling, PJM Interconnection.pdf

385

PJMDOCS-#501543-v1-DOE_Congestion_Workshop_9_17_08_-_MJK.DOC  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Workshop on 2009 Congestion Study Workshop on 2009 Congestion Study September 17, 2008 Chicago, Illinois Statement of Michael J. Kormos Senior Vice President-Operations PJM Interconnection, L.L.C. PJM©2008 Page 2 of 5 PJM Interconnection, L.L.C. ("PJM") is pleased to provide these preliminary comments for consideration as the Department prepares to commence its next triennial congestion study. In 2005 and 2006, PJM submitted a great deal of information for the public record concerning the reliability

386

Model Simulation of Impacts of Transient Surface Wetness on Summer Rainfall in the United States Midwest during Drought and Flood Years  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Surface moisture availability has been hypothesized by various investigators to provide additional negative (positive) feedback on rainfall during summer drought (flood) conditions in the Midwest. In this note, we report on a preliminary ...

Z. Pan; M. Segal; R. Turner; E. Takle

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Synoptic Circulation and Land Surface Influences on Convection in the Midwest U.S. Corn Belt during the Summers of 1999 and 2000. Part I: Composite Synoptic Environments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the Midwest U.S. Corn Belt, the 1999 and 2000 summer seasons (15 June15 September) expressed contrasting spatial patterns and magnitudes of precipitation (1999: dry; 2000: normal to moist). Distinct from the numerical modeling approach often ...

Andrew M. Carleton; David L. Arnold; David J. Travis; Steve Curran; Jimmy O. Adegoke

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Midwest Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership Update (DOE Project No. DE-FC26-05NT42589)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Neeraj Gupta, Technical Director Neeraj Gupta, Technical Director Darrell Paul, Program Manager Battelle, Columbus, OH Midwest Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership Update (DOE Project No. DE-FC26-05NT42589) U.S. Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory Carbon Storage R&D Project Review Meeting Developing the Technologies and Building the Infrastructure for CO 2 Storage August 21-23, 2012 2 Presentation Outline Quick Overview of MRSCP MRCSP Benefit to the DOE Program MRCSP Project Overview: Goals and Objectives Technical Status Accomplishments to Date Summary Appendix Organization Chart Bibliography 3 About the Midwest Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership * Formed in 2003 as a public/private consortium * Consists of nearly 40 members, led by Battelle

389

National Electric Transmission Study 2006 Western Interconnection Analysis  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Western Interconnection Western Interconnection 2006 Congestion Assessment Study Prepared by the Western Congestion Analysis Task Force May 08, 2006 2 Western Interconnection 2006 Congestion Study - DOE Task 3 - 1. 2008 Modeling Study 2. 2015 Modeling Study - 2015 Planned Resource Development (IRPs and RPS) 3. W.I. Historical Path Usage Studies - 1999 thru 2005 - Physical congestion - Commercial congestion 3 WCATF Modeling Studies ABB Gridview Model * Model uses WECC 2005 L&R load forecast, modified with NPCC data for the NW, RMATS load forecasts for the Rocky Mtn area and the latest CEC load forecast for California * Hourly load shapes were developed using FERC 714 * Incremental transmission was added to a WECC 2008 case to represent 2015 network topology * WECC path ratings were used, modified as necessary to more closely

390

EIS-0434: Hualapai Valley Solar Interconnection Project, Arizona |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

34: Hualapai Valley Solar Interconnection Project, Arizona 34: Hualapai Valley Solar Interconnection Project, Arizona EIS-0434: Hualapai Valley Solar Interconnection Project, Arizona Overview Hualapai Valley Solar, LLC, proposes to construct, operate and maintain a 340-megawatt, solar-powered generating facility in Mohave County, near Kingman, Ariz. The proposed project would use concentrating solar-power-trough technology to capture the sun's heat to make steam, which would power a traditional steam turbine generator. Proposed infrastructure would consist of a solar field, power block, thermal energy storage system, substation site, transmission line, temporary laydown areas and other ancillary facilities. Public Comment Opportunities No public comment opportunities available at this time. Documents Available for Download

391

Electrodeposited Mn-Co Alloy Coating For SOFC Interconnects  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electrodeposited Electrodeposited Mn-Co Alloy Coating For SOFC Interconnects H. McCrabb * , T. Hall * , J. Wu # , H. Zhang # , X. Liu # , E.J. Taylor * * Faraday Technology Inc., 315 Huls Dr., Clayton, OH 45315, USA # West Virginia University, Dept. of Mechanical and Aerospace Eng.ESB, Morgantown, WV, 26506, USA Overall Objective Overall Objective Principal Investigator: Heather McCrabb, Company Name: Faraday Technology, Inc., Address: 315 Huls Drive, Clayton, OH 45315, Phone: 937-836-7749, E-mail: heathermccrabb@faradaytechnology.com, Company website: faradaytechnology.com Previous Work at WVU Results Develop an inexpensive manufacturing process for depositing (Mn,Co) 3 O 4 spinel coatings onto SOFC interconnects. Introduction The decrease in the SOFC operating temperatures from 1000°C to between 650 and 850°C has enabled the use of chromia-forming ferritic stainless steels as interconnects

392

Renewable Energy Interconnection and Storage - Technical Aspects | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Renewable Energy Interconnection and Storage - Technical Aspects Renewable Energy Interconnection and Storage - Technical Aspects Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Spain Installed Wind Capacity Website Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Market Analysis Website: www.gwec.net/index.php?id=131 Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/spain-installed-wind-capacity-website Language: English Policies: Regulations Regulations: Feed-in Tariffs This website presents an overview of total installed wind energy capacity in Spain per year from 2000 to 2010. The page also presents the main market developments from 2010; a policy summary; a discussion of the revision in feed-in tariffs in 2010; and a future market outlook. References Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Renewable_Energy_Interconnection_and_Storage_-_Technical_Aspects&oldid=514543"

393

National Electric Transmission Congestion Study 2006 Eastern Interconnection Analysis  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Memorandum To: Poonum Agrawal, David Meyer, U.S. Department of Energy CRA No. D08554-00 From: Prashant Murti, Alex Rudkevich, CRA International Date: Finalized March 13, 2006 Subject: GE MAPS INPUT ASSUMPTIONS: EASTERN INTERCONNECT This memorandum summarizes salient inputs to the CRA locational price forecasting model (GE MAPS). The model geographic footprint encompasses the US portion of the Eastern Interconnect and the Canadian province of Ontario. The analyses simulate the years 2008 and 2011. Primary data sources for the CRA GE MAPS model include the NERC MMWG, the General Electric generation and transmission databases for the Eastern Interconnect, various publications by NERC regions and Independent System Operators, FERC submissions by generation and transmission owners,

394

Net Metering and Interconnection Procedures-- Incorporating Best Practices  

SciTech Connect

State utility commissions and utilities themselves are actively developing and revising their procedures for the interconnection and net metering of distributed generation. However, the procedures most often used by regulators and utilities as models have not been updated in the past three years, in which time most of the distributed solar facilities in the United States have been installed. In that period, the Interstate Renewable Energy Council (IREC) has been a participant in more than thirty state utility commission rulemakings regarding interconnection and net metering of distributed generation. With the knowledge gained from this experience, IREC has updated its model procedures to incorporate current best practices. This paper presents the most significant changes made to IREC???¢????????s model interconnection and net metering procedures.

Jason Keyes, Kevin Fox, Joseph Wiedman, Staff at North Carolina Solar Center

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Solar cell interconnection and packaging using tape carrier  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes an array of photovoltaic cells. It comprises: photovolatic cells having a ratio of mass to surface area of less than 60 milligrams/square centimeter; a dielectric tape having a carrier surface for supporting the photovoltaic cells; interconnect means including an electrical circuit for electrically interconnecting the photovoltaic cells, the interconnect means supported by the dielectric tape on the carrier surface, the electrical circuit including contact fingers; and means defining primary openings in the dielectric tape, a primary opening being associated with a contact finger and positioned such that the contact finger can be directed from below the carrier surface in the direction of the photovoltaic cells and electrically connected to a photovoltaic cell, a portion of both sides of the contact finger being substantially free of the dielectric tape. This patent also describes the array of the above claim, wherein the photovoltaic cells are tandem cells including an upper subcell and a lower subcell.

Kim, N.P.; Stanbery, B.J.

1991-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

396

Corrosion Performance of Ferritic Steel for SOFC Interconnect Applications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Ferritic stainless steels have been identified as potential candidates for interconnects in planar-type solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC) operating below 800C. Crofer 22 APU was selected for this study. It was studied under simulated SOFC-interconnect dual environment conditions with humidified air on one side of the sample and humidified hydrogen on the other side at 750C. The surfaces of the oxidized samples were studied by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) equipped with microanalytical capabilities. X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis was also used in this study.

Ziomek-Moroz, M.; Holcomb, G.R.; Covino, B.S., Jr.; Bullard, S.J.; Jablonski, P.D.; Alman, D.E.

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Effects of composition on sintering of current interconnects in SOFC  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The sintering behavior of alkaline-earth-substituted lanthanum and yttrium chromites, which are candidates for the current interconnect in solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC) was investigated. Extensive commercialization of SOFC technology may involve co-sintering as a method to reduce production costs. Co-sintering will require that the interconnect material reaches high density (closed porosity) under conditions in which the air-electrode material, a manganite, maintains substantial porosity and remains stable. Therefore, ideal chromite compositions are those that attain greater than 94% of theoretical density in high PO{sub 2} atmosphere at temperatures near or below 1400{degree}C.

Chick, L.A.; Bates, J.L.

1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Effects of composition on sintering of current interconnects in SOFC  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The sintering behavior of alkaline-earth-substituted lanthanum and yttrium chromites, which are candidates for the current interconnect in solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC) was investigated. Extensive commercialization of SOFC technology may involve co-sintering as a method to reduce production costs. Co-sintering will require that the interconnect material reaches high density (closed porosity) under conditions in which the air-electrode material, a manganite, maintains substantial porosity and remains stable. Therefore, ideal chromite compositions are those that attain greater than 94% of theoretical density in high PO[sub 2] atmosphere at temperatures near or below 1400[degree]C.

Chick, L.A.; Bates, J.L.

1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

IEEE 1547 Series of Standards: Interconnection Issues; Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

IEEE 1547TM 2003 Standard for Interconnecting Distributed Resources With Electric Power Systems is the first in the 1547 series of planned interconnection standards. Major issues and a wealth of constructive dialogue arose during 1547 development. There was also a perceived increased vitality in updating complementary IEEE standards and developing additional standards to accommodate modern electrical and electronics systems and improved grid communications and operations. Power engineers and other stakeholders looking to the future are poised to incorporate 1547 into their knowledge base to help transform our nation's aging distribution systems while alleviating some of the burden on existing transmission systems.

Basso, T.; DeBlasio, R.

2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Category:Smart Grid Projects - Electric Transmission Systems | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Transmission Systems category. Transmission Systems category. Pages in category "Smart Grid Projects - Electric Transmission Systems" The following 10 pages are in this category, out of 10 total. A American Transmission Company LLC II Smart Grid Project American Transmission Company LLC Smart Grid Project D Duke Energy Carolinas, LLC Smart Grid Project E Entergy Services, Inc. Smart Grid Project I ISO New England, Incorporated Smart Grid Project M Midwest Energy Inc. Smart Grid Project Midwest Independent Transmission System Operator Smart Grid Project N New York Independent System Operator, Inc. Smart Grid Project P PJM Interconnection, LLC Smart Grid Project W Western Electricity Coordinating Council Smart Grid Project Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Category:Smart_Grid_Projects_-_Electric_Transmission_Systems&oldid=214227

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interconnection pjm midwest" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Practices and Processes of Leading High Performance Home Builders in the Upper Midwest  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The NorthernSTAR Building America Partnership team proposed this study to gain insight into the business, sales, and construction processes of successful high performance builders. The knowledge gained by understanding the high performance strategies used by individual builders, as well as the process each followed to move from traditional builder to high performance builder, will be beneficial in proposing more in-depth research to yield specific action items to assist the industry at large transform to high performance new home construction. This investigation identified the best practices of three successful high performance builders in the upper Midwest. In-depth field analysis of the performance levels of their homes, their business models, and their strategies for market acceptance were explored. All three builders commonly seek ENERGY STAR certification on their homes and implement strategies that would allow them to meet the requirements for the Building America Builders Challenge program. Their desire for continuous improvement, willingness to seek outside assistance, and ambition to be leaders in their field are common themes. Problem solving to overcome challenges was accepted as part of doing business. It was concluded that crossing the gap from code-based building to high performance based building was a natural evolution for these leading builders.

Von Thoma, E.; Ojczyk, C.

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Implementation Study of Energy Conservation Recommendations in the Upper Midwest Region  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The South Dakota State University (SDSU) Industrial Energy Optimization Program (IEOP) and Energy Analysis and Diagnostic Center (EADC) program perform energy audits for industrial companies in the Upper Midwest region of the United States. Each audited company has or will receive a written report which includes recommendations based on data collected through a pre-audit questionnaire and a site visit to the facility. The fourteen companies represented in this study were interviewed nine to twelve months after their audit to obtain data for an implementation study. The study examines the implementation rates of the given recommendations, analyzes why some recommendations were not implemented, and determines how much of the report's predicted energy and cost savings were realized by the company. This study is a follow-up of the presentation "Energy Consumption Characteristics of Light Manufacturing Facilities in the Northern Plains" which was given at the 1994 IETC. It considered ten audits to determine which types of recommendations would most likely be implemented. The same ten audits are included in this study.

Heisinger, K. P.; Bassett, K.; Twedt, M. P.

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Imprint lithography enabling ultra-low loss coaxial interconnects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Processing techniques have been demonstrated to fabricate a novel structure with smooth transitions, metallic shielding, and encapsulated air dielectric layers using sacrificial polymers and the three-dimensional patterning capabilities of imprint lithography. ... Keywords: Air dielectrics, Imprint lithography, Interconnects, Sacrificial polymers

Venmathy Rajarathinam; Nathan Fritz; Sue Ann Bidstrup Allen; Paul A. Kohl

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Design considerations for high-data-rate chip interconnect systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Over the past decade, data rates for electrical interconnects in interchip communications systems have experienced a dramatic increase from <1 Gb/s to 10 Gb/s and beyond to keep up with ever increasing demands for more I/O bandwidth from modern high-capacity ...

Troy Beukema

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Interconnecting Smart Objects with IP: The Next Internet  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Smart object technology, sometimes called the Internet of Things, is having a profound impact on our day-to-day lives. Interconnecting Smart Objects with IP is the first book that takes a holistic approach to the revolutionary area of IP-based ...

Jean-Philippe Vasseur; Adam Dunkels

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Synapse: a scalable protocol for interconnecting heterogeneous overlay networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents Synapse, a scalable protocol for information retrieval over the inter-connection of heterogeneous overlay networks. Applications on top of Synapse see those intra-overlay networks as a unique inter-overlay network. Scalability in ... Keywords: information retrieval, overlay networks, peer-to-peer

Luigi Liquori; Cdric Tedeschi; Laurent Vanni; Francesco Bongiovanni; Vincenzo Ciancaglini; Bojan Marinkovi?

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Microsoft PowerPoint - Interconnect Development at PNNL.ppt ...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

l t f SOFC I t t Development of SOFC Interconnects and Coatings J.W. Stevenson, G.G. Xia, J.P. Choi, J.D. Templeton, X. Li, T.K. Oh, and Z. Nie Pacific Northwest National...

408

Designing Scalable PGAS Communication Subsystems on Cray Gemini Interconnect  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Cray Gemini Interconnect has been recently introduced as a next generation network architecture for building multi-petaflop supercomputers. Cray XE6 systems including LANL Cielo, NERSC Hopper, ORNL Titan and proposed NCSA BlueWaters leverage the Gemini Interconnect as their primary Interconnection network. At the same time, programming models such as the Message Passing Interface (MPI) and Partitioned Global Address Space (PGAS) models such as Unified Parallel C (UPC) and Co-Array Fortran (CAF) have become available on these systems. Global Arrays is a popular PGAS model used in a variety of application domains including hydrodynamics, chemistry and visualization. Global Arrays uses Aggregate Re- mote Memory Copy Interface (ARMCI) as the communication runtime system for Remote Memory Access communication. This paper presents a design, implementation and performance evaluation of scalable and high performance communication subsystems on Cray Gemini Interconnect using ARMCI. The design space is explored and time-space complexities of commu- nication protocols for one-sided communication primitives such as contiguous and uniformly non-contiguous datatypes, atomic memory operations (AMOs) and memory synchronization is presented. An implementation of the proposed design (referred as ARMCI-Gemini) demonstrates the efficacy on communication primitives, application kernels such as LU decomposition and full applications such as Smooth Particle Hydrodynamics (SPH) application.

Vishnu, Abhinav; Daily, Jeffrey A.; Palmer, Bruce J.

2012-12-26T23:59:59.000Z

409

Modeling magnetic coupling for on-chip interconnect  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As advances in IC technologies and operat-ing frequencies make the modeling of on-chip magnetic interactions a necessity, it is apparent that extension of traditional inductance extraction approaches to full-chip scale problems is impractical. There ... Keywords: inductance, interconnect modeling, magnetic interaction, susceptance

Michael W. Beattie; Lawrence T. Pileggi

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Interconnect agnostic checkpoint/restart in open MPI  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Long running High Performance Computing (HPC) applications at scale must be able to tolerate inevitable faults if they are to harness current and future HPC systems. Message Passing Interface (MPI) level transparent checkpoint/restart fault tolerance ... Keywords: MPI, checkpoint coordination protocol, checkpoint/restart, fault tolerance, high speed interconnect, infiniband, myrinet, rollback-recovery, shared memory

Joshua Hursey; Timothy I. Mattox; Andrew Lumsdaine

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Computational simulation of electromigration induced damage in copper interconnects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Current density levels are expected to increase by orders of magnitude in next generation power electronics and nanoelectronics. Electromigration which occur under high current density is the major concern for the nanoelectronics industry. Using a general ... Keywords: copper interconnects, damage mechanics, electromigration, electronics packaging reliability, thin film

Cemal Basaran; Minghui Lin; Shidong Li

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

System level performance analysis of carbon nanotube global interconnects for emerging chip multiprocessors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Although carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have been widely proposed as interconnect fabrics for future ultra deep submicron (UDSM) technologies, there is a lack of system-level performance analysis using these interconnects. In this paper, we investigate the ...

Sudeep Pasricha; Fadi Kurdahi; Nikil Dutt

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Smart buildings with electric vehicle interconnection as buffer for local renewables?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Smart buildings with electric vehicle interconnection as buffer for local renewables? Michael, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise, does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement and partly by NEC Laboratories America Inc. Smart buildings with electric vehicle interconnection as buffer

414

EAC Recommendations for DOE Action Regarding Interconnection-Wide Planning - June 6, 2013  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

EAC Recommendations for DOE Action Regarding Interconnection-Wide Planning, approved at the June 5-6, 2013 EAC Meeting.

415

Application for presidential permit OE Docket No. PP-230-4 International  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Response of PJM Interconnection, L.L.C. Response of PJM Interconnection, L.L.C. to Answer of International Transmission Company Application for presidential permit OE Docket No. PP-230-4 International Transmission Company: Response of PJM Interconnection, L.L.C. to Answer of International Transmission Company Response of PJM Interconnection, L.L.C. to Answer of International Transmission Company on the application from International Transmission Company to construct, operate, and maintain electric transmission facilities at the U.S-Canada border. Application for presidential permit OE Docket No. PP-230-4 International Transmission Company: Response of PJM Interconnection, L.L.C. to Answer of International Transmission Company PP-230-4 Response of PJM Interconnection, L.L.C. to Answer of International

416

The Silver Bullet: Storage!  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

West Philly High X-prize PHEV The Silver Bullet... Storage! Terry Boston President & CEO PJM Interconnection July 12, 2011 PJM©2011 2 United States PJM Eastern Interconnection PJM as Part of the Eastern Interconnection KEY STATISTICS PJM member companies 700+ millions of people served 58 peak load in megawatts 158,448 MWs of generating capacity 180,400 miles of transmission lines 61,200 GWh of annual energy 794,335 generation sources 1,365 square miles of territory 211,000 area served 13 states + DC Internal/external tie lines 142 * 24% of generation in Eastern Interconnection * 27% of load in Eastern Interconnection * 19% of transmission assets in Eastern Interconnection 20% of U.S. GDP produced in PJM www.pjm.com As of 6/1/2011 PJM©2011 3 43,623 0 5,000 10,000 15,000

417

Evaluating the energy consumption and the silicon area of on-chip interconnect architectures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sophisticated on-chip interconnects using packet and circuit switching techniques were recently proposed as a solution to non-scalable shared-bus schemes currently used in Systems-on-Chip (SoCs) implementation. Different interconnect architectures have ... Keywords: Energy consumption and area requirements, Load and traffic models, On-chip interconnects, Simulation and evaluation, System-on-Chip

Mohamed Bakhouya

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

PJM Manual 10: Pre-Scheduling Operations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Table of Contents Table of Contents..................................................................................................... ii

unknown authors

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Geothermal Power and Interconnection: The Economics of Getting to Market  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Power and Power and Interconnection: The Economics of Getting to Market David Hurlbut Technical Report NREL/TP-6A20-54192 April 2012 NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. National Renewable Energy Laboratory 15013 Denver West Parkway Golden, Colorado 80401 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308 Geothermal Power and Interconnection: The Economics of Getting to Market David Hurlbut Prepared under Task No. WE11.0815 Technical Report NREL/TP-6A20-54192 April 2012 NOTICE This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government.

420

EIS-0435: Modification of the Groton Generation Station Interconnection  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5: Modification of the Groton Generation Station 5: Modification of the Groton Generation Station Interconnection Agreement, Brown County, South Dakota EIS-0435: Modification of the Groton Generation Station Interconnection Agreement, Brown County, South Dakota Summary This EIS evaluates the environmental impacts of a proposal for DOE's Western Area Power Administration to modify its Large Generator Connection Agreement for the Groton Generation Station in Brown County, South Dakota. The modification would allow Basin Electric Power Cooperative, which operates the generation station, to produce power above the current operating limit of 50 average megawatts. Public Comment Opportunities No public comment opportunities available at this time. Documents Available for Download June 3, 2011 EIS-0435: Final Environmental Impact Statement

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interconnection pjm midwest" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Interconnecting PV on New York City's Secondary Network Distribution System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has teamed with cities across the country through the Solar America Cities (SAC) partnership program to help reduce barriers and accelerate implementation of solar energy. The New York City SAC team is a partnership between the City University of New York (CUNY), the New York City Mayor s Office of Long-term Planning and Sustainability, and the New York City Economic Development Corporation (NYCEDC).The New York City SAC team is working with DOE s National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and Con Edison, the local utility, to develop a roadmap for photovoltaic (PV) installations in the five boroughs. The city set a goal to increase its installed PV capacity from1.1 MW in 2005 to 8.1 MW by 2015 (the maximum allowed in 2005). A key barrier to reaching this goal, however, is the complexity of the interconnection process with the local utility. Unique challenges are associated with connecting distributed PV systems to secondary network distribution systems (simplified to ???¢????????networks???¢??????? in this report). Although most areas of the country use simpler radial distribution systems to distribute electricity, larger metropolitan areas like New York City typically use networks to increase reliability in large load centers. Unlike the radial distribution system, where each customer receives power through a single line, a network uses a grid of interconnected lines to deliver power to each customer through several parallel circuits and sources. This redundancy improves reliability, but it also requires more complicated coordination and protection schemes that can be disrupted by energy exported from distributed PV systems. Currently, Con Edison studies each potential PV system in New York City to evaluate the system s impact on the network, but this is time consuming for utility engineers and may delay the customer s project or add cost for larger installations. City leaders would like to streamline this process to facilitate faster, simpler, and less expensive distributed PV system interconnections. To assess ways to improve the interconnection process, NREL conducted a four-part study with support from DOE. The NREL team then compiled the final reports from each study into this report. In Section 1???¢????????PV Deployment Analysis for New York City???¢????????we analyze the technical potential for rooftop PV systems in the city. This analysis evaluates potential PV power production in ten Con Edison networks of various locations and building densities (ranging from high density apartments to lower density single family homes). Next, we compare the potential power production to network loads to determine where and when PV generation is most likely to exceed network load and disrupt network protection schemes. The results of this analysis may assist Con Edison in evaluating future PV interconnection applications and in planning future network protection system upgrades. This analysis may also assist other utilities interconnecting PV systems to networks by defining a method for assessing the technical potential of PV in the network and its impact on network loads. Section 2???¢????????A Briefing for Policy Makers on Connecting PV to a Network Grid???¢????????presents an overview intended for nontechnical stakeholders. This section describes the issues associated with interconnecting PV systems to networks, along with possible solutions. Section 3???¢????????Technical Review of Concerns and Solutions to PV Interconnection in New Y

K. Anderson; M. Coddington; K. Burman; S. Hayter; B. Kroposki; and A. Watson

2009-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

422

Reliability assessment of autonomous power systems incorporating HVDC interconnection links  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this paper is to present an improved computational method for the overall reliability assessment of autonomous power systems that may or may not contain HVdc interconnection links. This is a hybrid method based on a Monte-Carlo simulation sequential approach which incorporates an analytical approach for the reliability modeling of the HVdc transmission links. The developed models and techniques have been implemented into a computer program that can be used to simulate the operational practices and characteristics of the overall system under study efficiently and realistically. A set of reliability indices are calculated for each load-point of interest and the entire system while a set of additional indices is calculated for quantifying the reliability performance of the interconnection links under the specified operating requirements. The analysis of a practical system is also included for a number of studies representing its various operating and design characteristics.

Dialynas, E.N.; Koskolos, N.C. [National Technical Univ., Athens (Greece). Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering; Agoris, D. [Public Power Corp., Athens (Greece)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Backside localization of open and shorted IC interconnections  

SciTech Connect

A new failure analysis technique has been developed for backside and frontside localization of open and shorted interconnections on ICs. This scanning optical microscopy technique takes advantage of the interactions between IC defects and localized heating using a focused infrared laser ({lambda} = 1,340 nm). Images are produced by monitoring the voltage changes across a constant current supply used to power the IC as the laser beam is scanned across the sample. The method utilizes the Seebeck Effect to localize open interconnections and Thermally-Induced Voltage Alteration (TIVA) to detects shorts. The interaction physics describing the signal generation process and several examples demonstrating the localization of opens and shorts are described. Operational guidelines and limitations are also discussed.

Cole, E.I. Jr.; Tangyunyong, P.; Barton, D.L.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Impact of High Solar Penetration in the Western Interconnection  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Impact of High Solar Penetration Impact of High Solar Penetration in the Western Interconnection Debra Lew National Renewable Energy Laboratory Nicholas Miller, Kara Clark, Gary Jordan, and Zhi Gao GE Energy Technical Report NREL/TP-5500-49667 December 2010 NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard Golden, Colorado 80401 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308 Impact of High Solar Penetration in the Western Interconnection Debra Lew National Renewable Energy Laboratory Nicholas Miller, Kara Clark, Gary Jordan, and Zhi Gao GE Energy Prepared under Task No. SM101610

425

Fuel-Cycle Fossil Energy Use and Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Fuel Ethanol Produced from U.S. Midwest Corn  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

this report was peer reviewed by these contributors and their comments have been incorporated. Among key findings is that, for all cases examined on a mass emission per travel mile basis, the corn-to-ethanol fuel cycle for Midwest-produced ethanol utilized as both E85 and E10 outperforms that of conventional (current) and of reformulated (future) gasoline with respect to energy use and greenhouse gas production. In many cases, the superiority of the energy and GHG result is quite pronounced (i.e., well outside the range of model "noise")

Michael Wang Christopher; Michael Wang; Christopher Saricks

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Series interconnected photovoltaic cells and method for making same  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A novel photovoltaic module and method for constructing the same are disclosed. The module includes a plurality of photovoltaic cells formed on a substrate and laterally separated by interconnection regions. Each cell includes a bottom electrode, a photoactive layer and a top electrode layer. Adjacent cells are connected in electrical series by way of a conductive-buffer line. The buffer line is also useful in protecting the bottom electrode against severing during downstream layer cutting processes. 11 figs.

Albright, S.P.; Chamberlin, R.R.; Thompson, R.A.

1995-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

427

CCHP System with Interconnecting Cooling and Heating Network  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The consistency between building heating load, cooling load and power load are analyzed in this paper. The problem of energy waste and low equipment usage in a traditional CCHP (combined cooling, heating and power) system with generated electricity not supplied to the grid is analyzed in detail. Further, the new concept of CCHP system with cooling and heating network interconnecting is developed. Then, the Olympic Park energy system is presented to illustrate the advantage and improvement both in economy performance and energy efficiency.

Fu, L.; Geng, K.; Zheng, Z.; Jiang, Y.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

SOFC Interconnect and Compressive Seal Development at PNNL  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The development of solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) technology represents an opportunity to achieve significant improvements in energy conversion efficiency and reduction of undesirable emissions. However, many technical challenges still need to be overcome before the utilization of the advantages of SOFC can take place. These challenges include the need for improved interconnects and seals for planar SOFC stacks. In this paper, we briefly summarize recent progress at PNNL in these two research areas.

Chou, Y S.; Yang, Z Gary; Singh, Prabhakar; Stevenson, Jeffry W.; Xia, Gordon

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Corrosion of Metallic SOFC Interconnects in Coal Syngas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With recent reductions in the operating temperature of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFC), the potential of using metallic interconnect has gone up. There is also an interest in using Coal syngas as the fuel gas and thus there is a need to analyze the behavior and performance of metallic interconnects when exposed to Coal syngas. Three high temperature material alloys, Crofer 22 APU, Ebrite and Haynes 230, having the potential to be used as SOFC interconnects were studied in simulated wet coal syngas. These alloys were exposed to syngas at 800 degrees C and for 100 hours. The exposure to coal syngas led to the formation of oxides and spinels, which evidently led to an increase in electrical resistance. Oxidation in a reducing and carburizing environment leads to unique phase and morphology formations. A comparative analysis was carried out for all the three alloys, wherein the samples were characterized by using SEM, EDS, Raman and X-Ray diffraction to obtain the morphology, thickness, composition and crystal structure of the oxides and spinels

Dastane, R.R. (University of West Virginia); Liu, X. (University of West Virginia); Johnson, C., Mao, Scott (University of Pittsburgh)

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Electrical Contacts between Cathodes and Metallic Interconnects in Solid Oxide Fuel Cells  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To minimize electrical resistance, contact layers are often included between interconnects and electrodes during construction of a SOFC stack. In this work, simulated cathode/interconnect structures were used to investigate the effects of different contact materials on the contact resistance between a LSF cathode and a Crofer22 APU interconnect.. The results from the resistance measurements are reported and correlated to interfacial interactions occurring between the metallic interconnect and the contact materials, particularly perovskites. The materials requirements for the contact layers between cathodes and metallic interconnects in intermediate temperature SOFCs are also discussed.

Yang, Z Gary; Xia, Gordon; Singh, Prabhakar; Stevenson, Jeffry W.

2006-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

431

GRR/Section 8-TX-b - ERCOT Interconnection | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

8-TX-b - ERCOT Interconnection 8-TX-b - ERCOT Interconnection < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 8-TX-b - ERCOT Interconnection 8-TX-b - ERCOT Interconnection Process.pdf Click to View Fullscreen Regulations & Policies PUCT Substantive Rule 25.198 Triggers None specified Click "Edit With Form" above to add content 8-TX-b - ERCOT Interconnection Process.pdf 8-TX-b - ERCOT Interconnection Process.pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Flowchart Narrative This flowchart illustrates the procedures for interconnection with Electricity Reliability Council of Texas (ERCOT) in Texas. According to PUCT Substantive Rule 25.198, the responsibility for

432

City of Alexandria's Application for Rehearing | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

of Energy's Emergency Order To Resume Limited Operation at Mirant's Potomac River Generating Station and Proposed Mirant Compliance Plan Pepco and PJM Interconnection...

433

Application for presidential permit OE Docket No. PP-230-4 Internation...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Response of PJM Interconnection, L.L.C. to Answer of International Transmission Company Application for presidential permit OE Docket No. PP-230-4 International Transmission...

434

Ex Parte Communication, Docket EERE-2012-BT-STD-0022  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

On November 16, 2012, representatives from PJM Interconnection LLC, National Rural Electric Cooperatives Association, Edison Electric Institute, American Public Power Association, Rheem and the...

435

Casablanca Carlos American Electric Power Transmission Owner  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(Facilitator) Chantal PJM Interconnection Not Applicable Horstmann John Dayton Power & Light Company (The) Transmission Owner Issermoyer John PPL Electric Utilities Corp. dba PPL Utilities Transmission Owner

Pjm Interconnection Llc; Teleconference Webex Participants; Firstenergy Solutions; Corp Transmission Owner; Boltz Jeff; Firstenergy Solutions; Corp Transmission Owner; Fecho Thomas; Indiana Michigan; Power Company; Transmission Owner; Patten Kevin; Company Transmission Owner

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

The potential impacts of a competitive wholesale market in the midwest: A preliminary examination of centralized dispatch  

SciTech Connect

In March 2005, the Midwest Independent System Operator (MISO) will begin operating the first-ever wholesale market for electricity in the central and upper Midwestern portion of the United States. Region-wide, centralized, security-constrained, bid-based dispatch will replace the current system of decentralized dispatch by individual utilities and control areas. This report focuses on how the operation of generators may change under centralized dispatch. We analyze a stylized example of these changes by comparing a base case dispatch based on a ''snapshot'' taken from MISO's state estimator for an actual, historical dispatch (4 p.m., July 7, 2003) to a hypothetical, centralized dispatch that seeks to minimize the total system cost of production, using estimated cost data collected by the EIA. Based on these changes in dispatch, we calculate locational marginal prices, which in turn reveals the location of congestion within MISO's footprint, as well as the distribution of congestion revenues. We also consider two sensitivity scenarios that examine (1) the effect of changes in MISO membership (2003 vs. 2004 membership lists), and (2) different load and electrical data, based on a snapshot from a different date and time (1 p.m., Feb. 18, 2004). Although our analysis offers important insights into how the MISO market could operate when it opens, we do not address the question of the total benefits or costs of creating a wholesale market in the Midwest.

Lesieutre, Bernard C.; Bartholomew, Emily; Eto, Joseph H.; Hale, Douglas; Luong, Thanh

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Fuel ethanol produced from U.S. Midwest corn : help or hindrance to the vision of Kyoto?  

SciTech Connect

In this study, we examined the role of corn-feedstock ethanol in reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, given present and near-future technology and practice for corn farming and ethanol production. We analyzed the full-fuel-cycle GHG effects of corn-based ethanol using updated information on corn operations in the upper Midwest and existing ethanol production technologies. Information was obtained from representatives of the U.S. Department of Agriculture, faculty of midwestern universities with expertise in corn production and animal feed, and acknowledged authorities in the field of ethanol plant engineering, design, and operations. Cases examined included use of E85 (85% ethanol and 15% gasoline by volume) and E10 (10% ethanol and 90% gasoline). Among key findings is that Midwest-produced ethanol outperforms conventional (current) and reformulated (future) gasoline with respect to energy use and GHG emissions (on a mass emission per travel mile basis). The superiority of the energy and GHG results is well outside the range of model noise. An important facet of this work has been conducting sensitivity analyses. These analyses let us rank the factors in the corn-to-ethanol cycle that are most important for limiting GHG generation. These rankings could help ensure that efforts to reduce that generation are targeted more effectively.

Wang, M.; Saricks, C.; Wu, M.; Energy Systems

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

The potential impacts of a competitive wholesale market in the midwest: A preliminary examination of centralized dispatch  

SciTech Connect

In March 2005, the Midwest Independent System Operator (MISO) will begin operating the first-ever wholesale market for electricity in the central and upper Midwestern portion of the United States. Region-wide, centralized, security-constrained, bid-based dispatch will replace the current system of decentralized dispatch by individual utilities and control areas. This report focuses on how the operation of generators may change under centralized dispatch. We analyze a stylized example of these changes by comparing a base case dispatch based on a ''snapshot'' taken from MISO's state estimator for an actual, historical dispatch (4 p.m., July 7, 2003) to a hypothetical, centralized dispatch that seeks to minimize the total system cost of production, using estimated cost data collected by the EIA. Based on these changes in dispatch, we calculate locational marginal prices, which in turn reveals the location of congestion within MISO's footprint, as well as the distribution of congestion revenues. We also consider two sensitivity scenarios that examine (1) the effect of changes in MISO membership (2003 vs. 2004 membership lists), and (2) different load and electrical data, based on a snapshot from a different date and time (1 p.m., Feb. 18, 2004). Although our analysis offers important insights into how the MISO market could operate when it opens, we do not address the question of the total benefits or costs of creating a wholesale market in the Midwest.

Lesieutre, Bernard C.; Bartholomew, Emily; Eto, Joseph H.; Hale, Douglas; Luong, Thanh

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

METAL INTERCONNECTS FOR SOLID OXIDE FUEL CELL POWER SYSTEMS  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Interconnect development is identified by the U.S. Department of Energy as a key technical area requiring focused research to meet the performance and cost goals under the Solid State Energy Conversion Alliance initiative. In the Phase I SECA Core Technology Program, Ceramatec investigated a commercial ferritic stainless steel composition for oxidation resistance properties by measuring the weight gain when exposed to air at the fuel cell operating temperature. A pre-treatment process that results in a dense, adherent scale was found to reduce the oxide scale growth rate significantly. A process for coating the surface of the alloy in order to reduce the in-plane resistance and potentially inhibit chromium oxide evaporation was also identified. The combination of treatments provided a very low resistance through the scale. The resistance measured was as low as 10 milliohm-cm{sup 2} at 750 C in air. The oxide scale was found to be stable in humidified air at 750 C. The resistance value was stable over several thermal cycles. A similar treatment and coating for the fuel side of the interconnect also showed an exceptionally low resistance of one milliohm-cm{sup 2} in humidified hydrogen at 750 C, and was stable through multiple thermal cycles. Analysis of the scale after exposure to various atmospheres showed the presence of a stable composition. When exposed to a dual (air and hydrogen) atmosphere however, the scale composition contains a mixture of phases. Based on results to-date, the alloy selection and the treatment processes appear to be well suited for SOFC interconnect application.

S. Elangovan; S. Balagopal; M. Timper; I. Bay; D. Larsen; J. Hartvigsen

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

FLIP: A flexible interconnection protocol for heterogeneous internetworking  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper describes the Flexible Interconnection Protocol, or FLIP, whose main goal is to allow interconnection of heterogeneous devices with varying power, processing, and communication capabilities, ranging from simple sensors to more powerful computing devices such as laptops and desktops. The vision is that FLIP will be used to interconnect such devices forming clouds in the farthest branches/leaves of the Internet, while still providing connectivity with the existing IP-based Internet infrastructure. Through its flexible, customizable headers FLIP integrates just the functions required by a given application and that can be handled by the underlying device. Simple devices like sensors will benefit from incurring close to optimal overhead saving not only bandwidth, but, more importantly, energy. More sophisticated devices in the cloud can be responsible for implementing more complex functions like reliable/ordered data delivery, communication with other device clouds and with the IP infrastructure. FLIP is designed to provide a basic substrate on which to build network- and transport-level functionality. In heterogeneous environments, FLIP allows devices with varying capabilities to coexist and interoperate under the same network infrastructure. We present the basic design of FLIP and describe its implementation under Linux. We also report on FLIPs performance when providing IPv4 and IPv6 as well as transport-layer functionality a la TCP and UDP. We show FLIPs energy efficiency in different sensor network scenarios. For example, we use FLIP to implement the directed diffusion communication paradigm and obtain an improvement of 50 % in energy savings over an existing directed diffusion implementation. Finally, we showcase FLIPs flexibility by demonstrating its ability to incorporate new protocol functions

Ignacio Solis; Katia Obraczka

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interconnection pjm midwest" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Series interconnected photovoltaic cells and method for making same  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A novel photovoltaic module (10) and method for constructing the same are disclosed. The module (10) includes a plurality of photovoltaic cells (12) formed on a substrate (14) and laterally separated by interconnection regions (15). Each cell (12) includes a bottom electrode (16), a photoactive layer (18) and a top electrode layer (20). Adjacent cells (12) are connected in electrical series by way of a conductive-buffer line (22). The buffer line (22) is also useful in protecting the bottom electrode (16) against severing during downstream layer cutting processes.

Albright, Scot P. (El Paso, TX); Chamberlin, Rhodes R. (El Paso, TX); Thompson, Roger A. (Littleton, CO)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Western Interconnection Energy Imbalance Market Status and Prospects (Presentation)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This presentation describes how a new wholesale electricity market for energy imbalance ancillary services could be implemented and operated. Some conclusions of this presentation are: (1) Method for calculating additional reserve requirements due to wind and solar production; (2) EIM results in substantial reduction in reserves requirements and ramping demand; (3) Reduced participation reduces benefits for all but reduces the benefits to non-participants the most; (4) Full participation leads to maximum benefit across the Western Interconnection, up to 42% of total reserve requirement; and (5) Regional EIM implementations have smaller but substantial benefits.

Milligan, M.; Kirby, B.; King, J.; Beuning, S.

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Production process for advanced space satellite system cables/interconnects.  

SciTech Connect

This production process was generated for the satellite system program cables/interconnects group, which in essences had no well defined production process. The driver for the development of a formalized process was based on the set backs, problem areas, challenges, and need improvements faced from within the program at Sandia National Laboratories. In addition, the formal production process was developed from the Master's program of Engineering Management for New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology in Socorro New Mexico and submitted as a thesis to meet the institute's graduating requirements.

Mendoza, Luis A.

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

DYNASTORE operating cost analysis of energy storage for a midwest utility  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The objective of this project was to determine the savings in utility operating costs that could be obtained by installing a Battery Energy Storage System (BESS). The target utility was Kansas City Power and Light (KCPL), a typical Midwestern utility with a mix of generating plants and many interconnections. The following applications of battery energy storage were modeled using an Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) developed and supported program called DYNASTORE: (1) Spinning Reserve Only (2) Load Leveling with Spinning Reserve (3) Load Leveling Only (4) Frequency Control DYNASTORE commits energy storage units along with generating units and calculates operating costs with and without energy storage, so that savings can be estimated. Typical weeks of hourly load data are used to make up a yearly load profile. For this study, the BESS power ranged from ``small`` to 300 MW (greater than the spinning reserve requirement). BESS storage time ranged from 1 to 8 hours duration (to cover the time-width of most peaks). Savings in operating costs were calculated for each of many sizes of MW capacity and duration. Graphs were plotted to enable the reader to readily see what size of BESS affords the greatest savings in operating costs.

Anderson, M.D. [Missouri Univ., Rolla, MO (United States). Dept. of Electrical Engineering; Jungst, R.G. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Springtime Intensification of the Great Plains Low-Level Jet and Midwest Precipitation in GCM Simulations of the Twenty-First Century  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Simulations from 18 coupled atmosphereocean GCMs are analyzed to predict changes in the climatological Great Plains low-level jet (GPLLJ) and Midwest U.S. hydrology resulting from greenhouse gas increases during the twenty-first century. To ...

Kerry H. Cook; Edward K. Vizy; Zachary S. Launer; Christina M. Patricola

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

DOE/EA-1626: Final Environmental Assessment for Midwest Geological Sequestration Consortium (MGSC) Phase III Large-Scale Field Test (October 2008)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

26 26 FINAL ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT Midwest Geological Sequestration Consortium (MGSC) Phase III Large-Scale Field Test Decatur, Illinois October 2008 U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL ENERGY TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY U.S. Department of Energy MGSC Phase III National Energy Technology Laboratory Final Environmental Assessment ______________________________________________________________________________ Table of Contents i October 2008 TABLE OF CONTENTS LIST OF TABLES.......................................................................................................................... v LIST OF FIGURES ........................................................................................................................

447

GRR/Section 8-TX-c - Distributed Generation Interconnection | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GRR/Section 8-TX-c - Distributed Generation Interconnection GRR/Section 8-TX-c - Distributed Generation Interconnection < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 8-TX-c - Distributed Generation Interconnection 8-TX-c - Distributed Generation Interconnection.pdf Click to View Fullscreen Contact Agencies Public Utility Commission of Texas Regulations & Policies PUCT Substantive Rule 25.211 PUCT Substantive Rule 25.212 Triggers None specified Click "Edit With Form" above to add content 8-TX-c - Distributed Generation Interconnection.pdf 8-TX-c - Distributed Generation Interconnection.pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Flowchart Narrative This flowchart illustrates the process for distributed generation (DG)

448

EA-1884: Invenergy Interconnection for the Wray Wind Energy Project, Town  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

84: Invenergy Interconnection for the Wray Wind Energy 84: Invenergy Interconnection for the Wray Wind Energy Project, Town of Wray, Yuma County, CO EA-1884: Invenergy Interconnection for the Wray Wind Energy Project, Town of Wray, Yuma County, CO Summary DOE's Western Area Power Administration prepared this EA to evaluate the environmental impacts of interconnecting the proposed Wray Wind Energy Project, for approximately 90 megawatts of wind generation, to Western's existing Wray Substation in Yuma County, Colorado. Public Comment Opportunities None available at this time. Documents Available for Download December 27, 2012 EA-1884: Finding of No Significant Impact Invenergy Interconnection for the Wray Wind Energy Project, Town of Wray, Yuma County, CO December 27, 2012 EA-1884: Final Environmental Assessment Invenergy Interconnection for the Wray Wind Energy Project, Town of Wray,

449

Electrical isolation of component cells in monolithically interconnected modules  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A monolithically interconnected photovoltaic module having cells which are electrically connected which comprises a substrate, a plurality of cells formed over the substrate, each cell including a primary absorber layer having a light receiving surface and a p-region, formed with a p-type dopant, and an n-region formed with an n-type dopant adjacent the p-region to form a single pn-junction, and a cell isolation diode layer having a p-region, formed with a p-type dopant, and an n-region formed with an n-type dopant adjacent the p-region to form a single pn-junction, the diode layer intervening the substrate and the absorber layer wherein the absorber and diode interfacial regions of a same conductivity type orientation, the diode layer having a reverse-breakdown voltage sufficient to prevent inter-cell shunting, and each cell electrically isolated from adjacent cells with a vertical trench trough the pn-junction of the diode layer, interconnects disposed in the trenches contacting the absorber regions of adjacent cells which are doped an opposite conductivity type, and electrical contacts.

Wanlass, Mark W. (Golden, CO)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

WECC releases its first-ever transmission plan for the Western Interconnection  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC) announced the release of its first 10-Year Regional Transmission Plan (Plan) for the Western Interconnection.

451

Comparing Germany's and California's Interconnection Processes for PV Systems (White Paper)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Establishing interconnection to the grid is a recognized barrier to the deployment of distributed energy generation. This report compares interconnection processes for photovoltaic projects in California and Germany. This report summarizes the steps of the interconnection process for developers and utilities, the average length of time utilities take to process applications, and paperwork required of project developers. Based on a review of the available literature, this report finds that while the interconnection procedures and timelines are similar in California and Germany, differences in the legal and regulatory frameworks are substantial.

Tweedie, A.; Doris, E.

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Generation Interconnection Policies and Wind Power: A Discussion of Issues, Problems, and Potential Solutions  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report describes the adoption and implementation of FERC Order 2003 and the reasons for the sharp rise in generation interconnection filings in recent years.

Porter, K.; Fink, S.; Mudd, C.; DeCesaro, J.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Wind energy and power system interconnection, control, and operation for high penetration of wind power .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??High penetration of wind energy requires innovations in different areas of power engineering. Methods for improving wind energy and power system interconnection, control, and operation (more)

Liang, Jiaqi

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Optimal Planning and Operation of Smart Grids with Electric Vehicle Interconnection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Modeling of Plug-in Electric Vehicle Interactions with aV. (2010). Plug-in Electric Vehicle Interactions with aof Smart Grids with Electric Vehicle Interconnection M.

Stadler, Michael

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Influence of vegetation and seasonal forcing on carbon dioxide fluxes across the Upper Midwest, USA: Implications for regional scaling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Carbon dioxide fluxes were examined over the growing seasons of 2002 and 2003 from 14 different sites in Upper Midwest (USA) to assess spatial variability of ecosystem atmosphere CO2 exchange. These sites were exposed to similar temperature/precipitation regimes and spanned a range of vegetation types typical of the region (northern hardwood, mixed forest, red pine, jack pine, pine barrens and shrub wetland). The hardwood and red pine sites also spanned a range of stand ages (young, intermediate, mature). While seasonal changes in net ecosystem exchange (NEE) and photosynthetic parameters were coherent across the 2 years at most sites, changes in ecosystem respiration (ER) and gross ecosystem production (GEP) were not. Canopy height and vegetation type were important variables for explaining spatial variability of CO2 fluxes across the region. Light-use efficiency (LUE) was not as strongly correlated to GEP as maximum assimilation capacity (Amax). A bottom-up multi-tower land cover aggregated scaling of CO2 flux to a 2000 km2 regional flux estimate found June to August 2003 NEE, ER and GEP to be 290 89, 408, 48, and 698, 73 gC m-2, respectively. Aggregated NEE, ER and GEP were 280% larger, 32% smaller and 3% larger, respectively, than that observed from a regionally integrating 447m tall flux tower. However, when the tall tower fluxes were decomposed using a footprint-weighted influence function and then reaggregated to a regional estimate, the resulting NEE, ER and GEP were within 11% of the multi-tower aggregation. Excluding wetland and young stand age sites from the aggregation worsened the comparison to observed fluxes. These results provide insight on the range of spatial sampling, replication, measurement error and land cover accuracy needed for multi-tiered bottom-up scaling of CO2 fluxes in heterogeneous regions such as the Upper Midwest, USA.

Desai, Desai Ankur R. [University of Wisconsin, Madison; Noormets, Asko [North Carolina State University; Bolstad, Paul V [University of Minnesota; Chen, Jiquan [University of Toledo, Toledo, OH; Cook, Bruce D [University of Minnesota, St Paul; Davis, Kenneth [Pennsylvania State University; Euskirchen, Eugenie S [University of Alaska; Gough, Christopher M [Ohio State University; Martin, Jonathan G [Oregon State University, Corvallis; Ricciuto, Daniel M [ORNL; Schmid, Hans Peter [Indiana University; Tang, Jianwu [Chicago Botanical Garden, Glencoe, Illiinois; Wang, Weiguo [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Influence of Vegetation and Seasonal Forcing on Carbon Dioxide Fluxes Across the Upper Midwest, USA: Implications for Regional Scaling  

SciTech Connect

Carbon dioxide fluxes were examined over the growing seasons of 2002 and 2003 from 14 different sites in the Upper Midwest (USA) to assess spatial variability of ecosystematmosphere CO2 exchange. These sites were exposed to similar temperature/precipitation regimes and spanned a range of vegetation types typical of the region (northern hardwood, mixed forest, red pine, jack pine, pine barrens, and shrub wetland). The hardwood and red pine sites also spanned a range of stand ages (young, intermediate, mature). While seasonal changes in net ecosystem exchange (NEE) and photosynthetic parameters were coherent across the 2 years at most sites, changes in ecosystem respiration (ER) and gross ecosystem production (GEP) were not. Canopy height and vegetation type were important variables for explaining spatial variability of CO2 fluxes across the region. Light-use efficiency (LUE) was not as strongly correlated to GEP as maximum assimilation capacity (Amax). A bottom-up multi-tower land cover aggregated scaling of CO2 flux to a 2000 km2 regional flux estimate found June to August 2003 NEE, ER, and GEP to be ?290 89, 408 48, and 698 73 gC m?2, respectively. Aggregated NEE, ER, and GEP were 280% larger, 32% smaller and 3% larger, respectively, than that observed from a regionally integrating 447 m tall flux tower. However, when the tall tower fluxes were decomposed using a footprint-weighted influence function and then re-aggregated to a regional estimate, the resulting NEE, ER, and GEP were within 11% of the multi-tower aggregation. Excluding wetland and young stand age sites from the aggregation worsened the comparison to observed fluxes. These results provide insight on the range of spatial sampling, replication, measurement error, and land cover accuracy needed for multi-tiered bottom-up scaling of CO2 fluxes in heterogeneous regions such as the Upper Midwest, USA.

Desai, Ankur R.; Noormets, Asko; Bolstad, Paul V.; Chen, Jiquan; Cook, Bruce D.; Davis, Kenneth J.; Euskirchen, Eugenie S.; Gough, Christopher; Martin, Jonathan G.; Ricciuto, Daniel M.; Schmid, Hans P.; Tang, Jianwu; Wang, Weiguo

2008-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

457

Federal Utility Partnership Working Group - Utility Interconnection Panel  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

WORKING GROUP - Utility Interconnection Panel M. Renee Jewell, Program/Energy Manager, & Contracting Officer, Forest Service (reneejewell@fs.fed.us) SCENARIO: Fed Agencies had Solar PV Projects To Connect with Utility in California * United States (US) Forest Service (FS) - 1 small Solar Photovoltaic (PV) project; and - 1 small Renewable project (Solar PV) exporting energy to grid. * U.S. National Park Service (NPS) - 24 Small Solar Photovoltaic projects. * U.S. Dept. of Veterans Affairs (VA) - 6 Renewable generation projects of different sizes. FS Region 5 (California) - Solar Photovoltaic Installations Solar PV Project @ Mono Lake Visitor Center (Inyo NF) Solar PV Project (net exporter) @ San Dimas Technology and Development Center SITUATION - Utility Wanted Feds to Sign Its

458

Dual-environment effects on the oxidation of metallic interconnects  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Metallic interconnects in solid oxide fuel cells are exposed to a dual environment: fuel on one side (i.e., H2 gas) and oxidizer on the other side (i.e., air). It has been observed that the oxidation behavior of thin stainless steel sheet in air is changed by the presence of H2 on the other side of the sheet. The resulting dual-environment scales are flaky and more friable than the single-environment scales. The H2 disrupts the scale on the air side. A model to explain some of the effects of a dual environment is presented where hydrogen diffusing through the stainless steel sheet reacts with oxygen diffusing through the scale to form water vapor, which has sufficient vapor pressure to mechanically disrupt the scale. Experiments on preoxidized 316L stainless steel tubing exposed to air-air, H2-air, and H2-Ar environments are reported in support of the model.

Holcomb, G.R.; Ziomek-Moroz, M.; Covino, B.S., Jr.; Bullard, S.J.

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

The Data Vortex, an All Optical Path Multicomputer Interconnection Network  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

All optical path interconnection networks employing dense wavelength division multiplexing can provide vast improvements in supercomputer performance. However, the lack of efficient optical buffering requires investigation of new topologies and routing techniques. This paper introduces and evaluates the Data Vortex optical switching architecture which uses cylindrical routing paths as a packet buffering alternative. In addition, the impact of the number of angles on the overall network performance is studied through simulation. Using optimal topology configurations, the Data Vortex is compared to two existing switching architecturesbutterfly and omega networks. The three networks are compared in terms of throughput, accepted traffic ratio, and average packet latency. The Data Vortex is shown to exhibit comparable latency and a higher acceptance rate (2x at 50 percent load) than the butterfly and omega topologies.

Cory Hawkins; Benjamin A. Small; D. Scott Wills; Keren Bergman

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Geothermal Power and Interconnection: The Economics of Getting to Market  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report provides a baseline description of the transmission issues affecting geothermal technologies. The report begins with a comprehensive overview of the grid, how it is planned, how it is used, and how it is paid for. The report then overlays onto this 'big picture' three types of geothermal technologies: conventional hydrothermal systems; emerging technologies such as enhanced engineered geothermal systems (EGS) and geopressured geothermal; and geothermal co-production with existing oil and gas wells. Each category of geothermal technology has its own set of interconnection issues, and these are examined separately for each. The report draws conclusions about each technology's market affinities as defined by factors related to transmission and distribution infrastructure. It finishes with an assessment of selected markets with known geothermal potential, identifying those that offer the best prospects for near-term commercial development and for demonstration projects.

Hurlbut, D.

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interconnection pjm midwest" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Catalytic bipolar interconnection plate for use in a fuel cell  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A bipolar interconnection plate for use between adjacent fuel cell units in a stacked fuel cell assembly. Each plate is manufactured from an intermetallic composition, examples of which include NiAl or Ni.sub.3 Al which can catalyze steam reforming of hydrocarbons. Distributed within the intermetallic structure of the plate is a ceramic filler composition. The plate includes a first side with gas flow channels therein and a second side with fuel flow channels therein. A protective coating is applied to the first side, with exemplary coatings including strontium-doped or calcium-doped lanthanum chromite. To produce the plate, Ni and Al powders are combined with the filler composition, compressed at a pressure of about 10,000-30,000 psi, and heated to about 600.degree.-1000.degree. C. The coating is then applied to the first side of the completed plate using liquid injection plasma deposition or other deposition techniques.

Lessing, Paul A. (Idaho Falls, ID)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Catalytic bipolar interconnection plate for use in a fuel cell  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A bipolar interconnection plate is described for use between adjacent fuel cell units in a stacked fuel cell assembly. Each plate is manufactured from an intermetallic composition, examples of which include NiAl or Ni{sub 3}Al which can catalyze steam reforming of hydrocarbons. Distributed within the intermetallic structure of the plate is a ceramic filler composition. The plate includes a first side with gas flow channels therein and a second side with fuel flow channels therein. A protective coating is applied to the first side, with exemplary coatings including strontium-doped or calcium-doped lanthanum chromite. To produce the plate, Ni and Al powders are combined with the filler composition, compressed at a pressure of about 10,000--30,000 psi, and heated to about 600--1000 C. The coating is then applied to the first side of the completed plate using liquid injection plasma deposition or other deposition techniques. 6 figs.

Lessing, P.A.

1996-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

463

Updated Eastern Interconnect Wind Power Output and Forecasts for ERGIS: July 2012  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

AWS Truepower, LLC (AWST) was retained by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) to update wind resource, plant output, and wind power forecasts originally produced by the Eastern Wind Integration and Transmission Study (EWITS). The new data set was to incorporate AWST's updated 200-m wind speed map, additional tall towers that were not included in the original study, and new turbine power curves. Additionally, a primary objective of this new study was to employ new data synthesis techniques developed for the PJM Renewable Integration Study (PRIS) to eliminate diurnal discontinuities resulting from the assimilation of observations into mesoscale model runs. The updated data set covers the same geographic area, 10-minute time resolution, and 2004?2006 study period for the same onshore and offshore (Great Lakes and Atlantic coast) sites as the original EWITS data set.

Pennock, K.

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Updated Eastern Interconnect Wind Power Output and Forecasts for ERGIS: July 2012  

SciTech Connect

AWS Truepower, LLC (AWST) was retained by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) to update wind resource, plant output, and wind power forecasts originally produced by the Eastern Wind Integration and Transmission Study (EWITS). The new data set was to incorporate AWST's updated 200-m wind speed map, additional tall towers that were not included in the original study, and new turbine power curves. Additionally, a primary objective of this new study was to employ new data synthesis techniques developed for the PJM Renewable Integration Study (PRIS) to eliminate diurnal discontinuities resulting from the assimilation of observations into mesoscale model runs. The updated data set covers the same geographic area, 10-minute time resolution, and 2004?2006 study period for the same onshore and offshore (Great Lakes and Atlantic coast) sites as the original EWITS data set.

Pennock, K.

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

A comprehensive performance macro-modeling of on-chip RC interconnects considering line shielding effects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The delay of on-chip interconnect wiring is having an important influence on the timing performance of logic path. This is particularly true where drivers are connected through a non-negligible length of wire. If the Elmore resistance-capacitance delay ... Keywords: deep submicron, interconnect, modelling

S. Engels; R. Wilson; N. Azmard; Philippe Maurine

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Integration of Distributed Resources in Electric Utility Systems: Current Interconnection Practice and Unified Approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Accelerating commercialization of distributed resources (DR) has created the need for improved practices for interconnecting them with electric utility distribution systems. An assessment of current practice is provided, and a unified approach is recommended to achieve greater consistency. This report is a tool that readers can use to simplify their efforts in resolving DR interconnection problems.

1999-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

467

Abstract--As symmetric multiprocessors become commonplace, the interconnection networks and the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and the communication system software in clusters of multiprocessors become critical to achieving high performance. Recently, Sun Microsystems has introduced a new system area network, Sun Fire Link interconnect, for its Sun Fire cluster systems. Sun Fire Link is a memory-based interconnect, where Sun MPI uses the Remote

Afsahi, Ahmad

468

Analysis of electromigration induced early failures in Cu interconnects for 45nm node  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Bi-directional current stressing was used for monitoring electromigration (EM) lifetime evolution in 45nm node interconnects. Experimental results show that an initial bimodal distribution of lifetimes can be modified into a more robust mono-modal distribution. ... Keywords: Bi-directional current, Cu interconnects, Electromigration, FEM modeling

L. Arnaud; F. Cacho; L. Doyen; F. Terrier; D. Galpin; C. Monget

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Evaluating the effects of temperature gradients and currents nonuniformity in on-chip interconnects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper provides a compact but accurate electro-thermal model of a long wiring on-chip interconnect embedded in the complex layout of a ULSI digital circuit. The proposed technique takes into account both the effect of temperature gradients over the ... Keywords: Current nonuniformity, Electro-thermal model, On-chip interconnect, Propagation delay

N. Spennagallo; L. Codecasa; D. D'Amore; P. Maffezzoni

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

EIS-0437: Interconnection of the Buffalo Ridge III Wind Project, Brookings  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

37: Interconnection of the Buffalo Ridge III Wind Project, 37: Interconnection of the Buffalo Ridge III Wind Project, Brookings and Deuel Counties, South Dakota EIS-0437: Interconnection of the Buffalo Ridge III Wind Project, Brookings and Deuel Counties, South Dakota Summary This EIS evaluates the environmental impacts of a proposal to interconnect the Heartland Wind, LLC, proposed Buffalo Ridge III Wind Project in Brookings and Deuel Counties, South Dakota, to DOE's Western Area Power Administration transmission system. Public Comment Opportunities No public comment opportunities available at this time. Documents Available for Download August 29, 2012 EIS-0437: Notice of Cancellation of an Environmental Impact Statement Proposed Interconnection of the Buffalo Ridge III Wind Project, Brookings and Deuel Counties, SD

471

EIS-0438: Interconnection of the Proposed Hermosa West Wind Farm Project,  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

8: Interconnection of the Proposed Hermosa West Wind Farm 8: Interconnection of the Proposed Hermosa West Wind Farm Project, Albany County, WY EIS-0438: Interconnection of the Proposed Hermosa West Wind Farm Project, Albany County, WY SUMMARY This EIS will evaluate the environmental impacts of interconnecting the proposed 300-megawatt Hermosa West Wind Farm Project, in Albany County, Wyoming, with DOE's Western Area Power Administration's existing Craig-Ault 345-kilovolt transmission line. PUBLIC COMMENT OPPORTUNITIES None available at this time. DOCUMENTS AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD October 5, 2012 EIS-0438: Draft Environmental Impact Statement Interconnection of the Proposed Hermosa West Wind Farm Project, Albany County, WY January 14, 2010 EIS-0438: Notice of Intent to Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement and Conduct Scoping Meetings

472

Synoptic Circulation and Land Surface Influences on Convection in the Midwest U.S. Corn Belt during the Summers of 1999 and 2000. Part II: Role of Vegetation Boundaries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In Part I of this observational study inquiring into the relative influences of top down synoptic atmospheric conditions and bottom up land surface mesoscale conditions in deep convection for the humid lowlands of the Midwest U.S. Central ...

Andrew M. Carleton; David J. Travis; Jimmy O. Adegoke; David L. Arnold; Steve Curran

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Nitrogen Fertilizer Management for Nitrous Oxide (N2O) Mitigation in Intensive Corn (Maize) Production: An Emissions Reduction Proto col for US Midwest Agriculture  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Status: Published Citation: Millar, N; Robertson, GP; Grace, PR; Gehl, RJ; and Hoben, JP. 2010. Nitrogen Fertilizer Management for Nitrous Oxide (N2O) Mitigation in Intensive Corn (Maize) Production: An Emissions Reduction Protocol for US Midwest Agriculture. In Journal of Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change,Volume 15, Number 2, 2010, pp. 185-204. Link to Journal Publication: See Journal of Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change.

2010-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

474

Nitrogen Fertilizer Management for Nitrous Oxide (N2O) Mitigation in Intensive Corn (Maize) Production: An Emissions Redu ction Protocol for U.S. Midwest Agriculture  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Status: Published Citation: Millar, N; Robertson, GP; Grace, PR; Gehl, RJ; and Hoben; JP. 2010. Nitrogen Fertilizer Management for Nitrous Oxide (N2O) Mitigation in Intensive Corn (Maize) Production: An Emissions Reduction Protocol for U.S. Midwest Agriculture. In Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, Volume 15, Number 2, 2010, pp. 185-204. A peer-reviewed journal article that identifies, describes and analyzes socio-economic factors that may encourage or inhibit farmers from participat...

2009-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

475

The Midwest Power PCFB demonstration projects: AHLSTROM PYROFLOW[reg sign] first and second generation pressurized circulating fluidized bed (PCFB) technology  

SciTech Connect

Midwest Power, Dairyland Power Cooperative, Pyropower Corporation (a subsidiary of Ahlstrom Pyropower Inc.), and Black Veatch, have embarked on the demonstration of Clean Coal Technology (CCT) at Midwest Power's Des Moines Energy Center (DMEC), in Pleasant Hill, Iowa. The DMEC-1 PCFB Demonstration Project was selected by the US Department of Energy for the demonstration of the First Generation Pressurized Circulating Fluidized Bed (PCFB) Technology. During Round 5 of the CCT Program, Midwest Power submitted a proposal for a second unit, to be known as DMEC-2. If selected by the DOE, the DMEC-2 unit will demonstrate Ahlstrom Pyropower's Second Generation (Advanced) PCFB technology which will incorporate a topping combustor fired on coal derived gas generated in a PCFB carbonizer, to raise the firing temperature of the gas turbine and the total net plant efficiency. The First Generation PCFB technology has the capability to achieve 40--42% efficiency, the Second Generation technology can obtain an efficiency in the range of 44--47% net. This paper will provide a comparison of the commercial versions of the First and Second Generation PCFB systems, and the plans for demonstrating these systems for repowering and new plant installations during the late 1990's and into the next century. A discussion of the DMEC-1 and DMEC-2 projects and their key technical features will be provided together with a projection of the future markets for these advanced clean coal technologies.

Ambrose, S.; Green, C.L.; Dryden, R.; Provol, S.J.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

The Midwest Power PCFB demonstration projects: AHLSTROM PYROFLOW{reg_sign} first and second generation pressurized circulating fluidized bed (PCFB) technology  

SciTech Connect

Midwest Power, Dairyland Power Cooperative, Pyropower Corporation (a subsidiary of Ahlstrom Pyropower Inc.), and Black & Veatch, have embarked on the demonstration of Clean Coal Technology (CCT) at Midwest Power`s Des Moines Energy Center (DMEC), in Pleasant Hill, Iowa. The DMEC-1 PCFB Demonstration Project was selected by the US Department of Energy for the demonstration of the First Generation Pressurized Circulating Fluidized Bed (PCFB) Technology. During Round 5 of the CCT Program, Midwest Power submitted a proposal for a second unit, to be known as DMEC-2. If selected by the DOE, the DMEC-2 unit will demonstrate Ahlstrom Pyropower`s Second Generation (Advanced) PCFB technology which will incorporate a topping combustor fired on coal derived gas generated in a PCFB carbonizer, to raise the firing temperature of the gas turbine and the total net plant efficiency. The First Generation PCFB technology has the capability to achieve 40--42% efficiency, the Second Generation technology can obtain an efficiency in the range of 44--47% net. This paper will provide a comparison of the commercial versions of the First and Second Generation PCFB systems, and the plans for demonstrating these systems for repowering and new plant installations during the late 1990`s and into the next century. A discussion of the DMEC-1 and DMEC-2 projects and their key technical features will be provided together with a projection of the future markets for these advanced clean coal technologies.

Ambrose, S.; Green, C.L.; Dryden, R.; Provol, S.J.

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Modeling of the performance of carbon nanotube bundle, cu/low-k and optical on-chip global interconnects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this work, we have quantified and compared the performance of carbon nanotube (CNT) and optical interconnects with the existing technology of Cu/low-K interconnects for future high-performance ICs. We present these comparisons not only in terms of ... Keywords: Cu, Global interconnects, bandwidth density, carbon nanotube, latency, optics, power

Hoyeol Cho; Kyung-Hoae Koo; Pawan Kapur; Krishna C. Saraswat

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Dual Environment Effects on the Oxidation of Metallic Interconnects  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Metallic interconnects in solid oxide fuel cells are exposed to a dual environment: fuel on one side (i.e. H2 gas) and oxidizer on the other side (i.e. air). It has been observed that the oxidation behavior of thin stainless steel sheet in air is changed by the presence of H2 on the other side of the sheet. The resulting dual environment scales are flaky and more friable than the single environment scales. The H2 disrupts the scale on the air-side. A model to explain some of the effects of a dual environment is presented where hydrogen diffusing through the stainless steel sheet reacts with oxygen diffusing through the scale to form water vapor, which has sufficient vapor pressure to mechanically disrupt the scale. Experiments on preoxidized 316L stainless steel tubing exposed to air/air, H2/air, and H2/Ar environments are reported in support of the model.

Holcomb, Gordon R.; Ziomek-Moroz, Malgorzata; Cramer, Stephen D.; Covino, Jr., Bernard S.; and Bullard, Sophie J.

2004-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

479

Assessment of Industrial Load for Demand Response across Western Interconnect  

SciTech Connect

Demand response (DR) has the ability to both increase power grid reliability and potentially reduce operating system costs. Understanding the role of demand response in grid modeling has been difficult due to complex nature of the load characteristics compared to the modeled generation and the variation in load types. This is particularly true of industrial loads, where hundreds of different industries exist with varying availability for demand response. We present a framework considering industrial loads for the development of availability profiles that can provide more regional understanding and can be inserted into analysis software for further study. The developed framework utilizes a number of different informational resources, algorithms, and real-world measurements to perform a bottom-up approach in the development of a new database with representation of the potential demand response resource in the industrial sector across the U.S. This tool houses statistical values of energy and demand response (DR) potential by industrial plant and geospatially locates the information for aggregation for different territories without proprietary information. This report will discuss this framework and the analyzed quantities of demand response for Western Interconnect (WI) in support of evaluation of the cost production modeling with power grid modeling efforts of demand response.

Alkadi, Nasr E [ORNL] [ORNL; Starke, Michael R [ORNL] [ORNL; Ma, Ookie [United States Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)] [United States Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Understanding the Impact of Interconnect Failures on System Operation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hardware failures are inevitable on large high performance computing systems. Faults or performance degradations in the high-speed network can reduce the entire system s performance. Since the introduction of the Gemini interconnect, Cray systems have become resilient to many networking faults that were fatal in their previous generation systems. These new network reliability and resiliency features have enabled higher uptimes on Cray systems by allowing them to continue running with reduced network performance. Oak Ridge National Laboratory has developed a set of user-level diagnostics that stresses the high-speed network and searches for components that are not performing as expected. Nearest-neighbor bandwidth tests check every network chip and network link in the system. Additionally, performance counters stored on the network ASIC s memory mapped registers (MMRs) are used to better understand the state of the network. Applications have also been characterized under various suboptimal network conditions to better understand what impact network problems have on user codes.

Ezell, Matthew A [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interconnection pjm midwest" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Study of metallic materials for solid oxide fuel cell interconnect applications.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Metallic interconnect acts as a gas separator and a gas distributor and therefore, it needs to function adequately in two widely different environments. The interconnect material will be exposed to air on one side and natural gas or coal-derived synthesis gas on the other side. The viable material for the interconnect application must be resistant not only to oxidation but also carburization in hydrocarbon containing low-oxygen environments. In addition, the scales that develop on the exposed surfaces must possess adequate electrical conductivity for them to function as current leads over long service life of the fuel cell. This report addresses five topics of interest for the development of metallic interconnects with adequate performance in fuel cells for long service life. The research conducted over the years and the conclusions reached were used to identify additional areas of research on materials for improved performance of components, especially metallic interconnects, in the complex fuel cell environments. This report details research conducted in the following areas: measurement of area specific electrical resistivity, corrosion performance in dual gas environments by experiments using alloy 446, long term corrosion performance of ferritic and austenitic alloys in hydrogen and methane-reformed synthesis fuel-gas environments, approaches to reduce the area resistance of metallic interconnect, and reduction of electrical resistivity of alumina scales on metallic interconnect. Based on the key requirements for metallic interconnects and the data developed on the corrosion behavior of candidate materials in meeting those requirements, several areas are recommended for further research to develop metallic interconnects with acceptable and reliable long-term performance in solid oxide fuel cells.

Natesan, K.; Zeng, Z.; Nuclear Engineering Division

2009-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

482

Microsoft PowerPoint - Herling.ppt  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

09 09 1 Congestion and the PJM Regional Transmission Plan Steven R. Herling Vice President, Planning PJM Interconnection March 25, 2009 PJM©2009 2 PJM as Part of the Eastern Interconnection KEY STATISTICS PJM member companies 500+ millions of people served 51 peak load in megawatts 144,644 MWs of generating capacity 164,905 miles of transmission lines 56,250 GWh of annual energy 729,000 generation sources 1,271 square miles of territory 164,260 area served 13 states + DC Internal/external tie lines 250 26% of generation in Eastern Interconnection 23% of load in Eastern Interconnection 19% of transmission assets in Eastern Interconnection 19% of U.S. GDP produced in PJM 6,038 substations PJM©2009 3 ©2009 www.monitoringanalytics.com Top 25 constraints with frequent occurrence:

483

 

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2 2 1 www.pjm.com Markets, Regulation and Energy Storage: A Match Made in Heaven? EIA 2013 Energy Conference June 17, 2013 Craig Glazer Vice President PJM Interconnection PJM©2012 2 www.pjm.com "We're Mad as Hell and We're Not Going to Take It Anymore!" PJM©2012 3 www.pjm.com * Need slide that is black. PJM©2012 4 www.pjm.com And What Were They Mad About??? At the Wholesale Level... * Transmission access - Negotiation of "wheeling rights" - Discriminatory treatment - Lengthy litigation: "Refunds to a Corpse" * Build-out costs * "Reliability" and "native load" as code

484

Advanced Platform for Development and Evaluation of Grid Interconnection Systems Using Hardware-in-the-Loop: Part III -- Grid Interconnection System Evaluator: Preprint  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper, presented at the IEEE Green Technologies Conference 2013, describes a Grid Interconnection System Evaluator (GISE) that leverages hardware-in-the-loop (HIL) simulation techniques to rapidly evaluate the grid interconnection standard conformance of an ICS according to the procedures in IEEE Std 1547.1 (TM). The architecture and test sequencing of this evaluation tool, along with a set of representative ICS test results from three different photovoltaic (PV) inverters, are presented. The GISE adds to the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's (NREL) evaluation platform that now allows for rapid development of ICS control algorithms using controller HIL (CHIL) techniques, the ability to test the dc input characteristics of PV-based ICSs through the use of a PV simulator capable of simulating real-world dynamics using power HIL (PHIL), and evaluation of ICS grid interconnection conformance.

Lundstrom, B.; Shirazi, M.; Coddington, M.; Kroposki, B.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Advanced Platform for Development and Evaluation of Grid Interconnection Systems Using Hardware-in-the-Loop: Part III - Grid Interconnection System Evaluator  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes a Grid Interconnection System Evaluator (GISE) that leverages hardware-in-the-loop (HIL) simulation techniques to rapidly evaluate the grid interconnection standard conformance of an ICS according to the procedures in IEEE Std 1547.1. The architecture and test sequencing of this evaluation tool, along with a set of representative ICS test results from three different photovoltaic (PV) inverters, are presented. The GISE adds to the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's (NREL) evaluation platform that now allows for rapid development of ICS control algorithms using controller HIL (CHIL) techniques, the ability to test the dc input characteristics of PV-based ICSs through the use of a PV simulator capable of simulating real-world dynamics using power HIL (PHIL), and evaluation of ICS grid interconnection conformance.

Lundstrom, B.; Shirazi, M.; Coddington, M.; Kroposki, B.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

InGaAs monolithic interconnected modules (MIM)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A monolithic interconnected module (MIM) structure has been developed for thermophotovoltaic (TPV) applications. The MIM device consists of many individual InGaAs cells series-connected on a single semi-insulating (S.I.) InP substrate. An infrared (IR) back surface reflector (BSR), placed on the rear surface of the substrate, returns the unused portion of the TPV radiator output spectrum back to the emitter for recycling, thereby providing for high system efficiencies. Also, the use of a BSR obviates the need to use a separate filtering element. As a result, MIMs are exposed to the entire emitter output, thereby maximizing output power density. MIMs with an active area of 1 x 1-cm were comprised of 15 cells monolithically connected in series. Both lattice-matched and lattice-mismatched InGaAs/InP devices were produced, with bandgaps of 0.74 and 0.55 eV, respectively. The 0.74-eV modules demonstrated an open-circuit voltage (Voc) of 6.158 V and a fill factor of 74.2% at a short-circuit current (Jsc) of 842 mA/cm{sup 2}, under flashlamp testing. The 0.55-eV modules demonstrated a Voc of 4.849 V and a fill factor of 57.8% at a Jsc of 3.87 A/cm{sup 2}. IR reflectance measurements (i.e., {lambda} > 2 {micro}m) of these devices indicated a reflectivity of {ge} 83%. Latest electrical and optical performance results for the MIMs will be presented.

Fatemi, N.S.; Jenkins, P.P.; Weizer, V.G.; Hoffman, R.W. Jr. [Essential Research, Inc., Cleveland, OH (United States); Wilt, D.M.; Scheiman, D.; Brinker, D. [National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Cleveland, OH (United States). Lewis Research Center; Murray, C.S.; Riley, D. [Westinghouse Electric Corp., West Mifflin, PA (United States)

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

487

Relevance of Generation Interconnection Procedures to Feed-in Tariffs in the United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feed-in tariffs (FITs) have been used to promote renewable electricity development in over 40 countries throughout the past two decades. These policies generally provide guaranteed prices for the full system output from eligible generators for a fixed time period (typically 15-20 years). Due in part to the success of FIT policies in Europe, some jurisdictions in the United States are considering implementing similar policies, and a few have already put such policies in place. This report is intended to offer some guidance to policymakers and regulators on how generator interconnection procedures may affect the implementation of FITs and how state generator interconnection procedures can be formulated to support state renewable energy objectives. This report is based on a literature review of model interconnection procedures formulated by several organizations, as well as other documents that have reviewed, commented on, and in some cases, ranked state interconnection procedures.

Fink, S.; Porter, K.; Rogers, J.

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Record of Decision for the Electrical Interconnection of the Windy Point Wind Energy Project.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) has decided to offer contract terms for interconnection of 250 megawatts (MW) of power to be generated by the proposed Windy Point Wind Energy Project (Wind Project) into the Federal Columbia River Transmission System (FCRTS). Windy Point Partners, LLC (WPP) propose to construct and operate the proposed Wind Project and has requested interconnection to the FCRTS. The Wind Project will be interconnected at BPA's Rock Creek Substation, which is under construction in Klickitat County, Washington. The Rock Creek Substation will provide transmission access for the Wind Project to BPA's Wautoma-John Day No.1 500-kilovolt (kV) transmission line. BPA's decision to offer terms to interconnect the Wind Project is consistent with BPA's Business Plan Final Environmental Impact Statement (BP EIS) (DOE/EIS-0183, June 1995), and the Business Plan Record of Decision (BP ROD, August 15, 1995). This decision thus is tiered to the BP ROD.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Process based cost modeling of emerging optoelectronic interconnects : implications for material platform choice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Continuously increasing demand for processing power, storage capacity, and I/O capacity in personal computing, data network, and display interface suggests that optical interconnects may soon supplant copper not only for ...

Liu, Shan, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Innovative Distributed Power Grid Interconnection and Control Systems: Final Report, December 11, 2000 - August 30, 2005  

SciTech Connect

The contract goal was to further advance distributed generation in the marketplace by making installations more cost-effective and compatible with existing systems. This was achieved by developing innovative grid interconnection and control systems.

DePodesta, K.; Birlingmair, D.; West, R.

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

EIS-0438: Interconnection of the Proposed Hermosa West Wind Farm Project, Albany County, WY  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This EIS will evaluate the environmental impacts of interconnecting the proposed 300-megawatt Hermosa West Wind Farm Project, in Albany County, Wyoming, with DOEs Western Area Power Administrations existing Craig-Ault 345-kilovolt transmission line.

492

Solid oxide fuel cell with single material for electrodes and interconnect  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A solid oxide fuel cell having a plurality of individual cells. A solid oxide fuel cell has an anode and a cathode with electrolyte disposed therebetween, and the anode, cathode and interconnect elements are comprised of substantially one material.

McPheeters, Charles C. (Naperville, IL); Nelson, Paul A. (Wheaton, IL); Dees, Dennis W. (Downers Grove, IL)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

On the State of the Art of Metal Interconnects for SOFC Application  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One of the recent developments for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFC) is oxide component materials capable of operating at lower temperatures such as 700-800C. This lower temperature range has provided for the consideration of metallic interconnects which have several advantages over ceramic interconnects: low cost, ease in manufacturing, and high conductivity. Most metals and alloys will oxidize under both the anode and cathode conditions within an SOFC, thus a chief requirement is that the base metal oxide scale must be electrically conductive since this constitutes the majority of the electrical resistance in a metallic interconnect. Common high temperature alloys form scales that contain chrome, silicon and aluminum oxides among others. Under SOFC operating conditions chrome oxide is a semi-conductor while silicon and aluminum oxides are insulators. In this talk we will review the evolution in candidate alloys and surface modifications which constitute an engineered solution for SOFC interconnect applications.

Jablonski@netl.doe.gov

2011-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

494

Energy Scalability of On-Chip Interconnection Networks in Multicore Architectures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On-chip interconnection networks (OCNs) such as point-to-point networks and buses form the communication backbone in systems-on-a-chip, multicore processors, and tiled processors. OCNs can consume significant portions of ...

Agarwal, Anant

2008-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

495

Concentration, incumbency, and interconnection: broadband development and the lessons of history  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With recent investments in broadband network development, policymakers have devoted new attention and resources to the social, economic, and political questions surrounding broadband development. While progressive policy in this space necessarily depends ... Keywords: broadband, concentration, incumbency, infrastructure, interconnection, policy, telecommunications

Alissa Centivany; Steven Jackson

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Supplying Baseload Power and Reducing Transmission Requirements by Interconnecting Wind Farms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wind is the worlds fastest growing electric energy source. Because it is intermittent, though, wind is not used to supply baseload electric power today. Interconnecting wind farms through the transmission grid is a simple and effective way of ...

Cristina L. Archer; Mark Z. Jacobson

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Analysis of CNT bundle and its comparison with copper interconnect for CMOS and CNFET drivers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In nanoscale regime as the CMOS process technology continues to scale, the standard copper (Cu) interconnect will become a major hurdle for onchip communication due to high resistivity and electromigration. This paper presents the comprehensive evaluation ...

Abdul Kadir Kureshi; Mohd. Hasan

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Oahu Wind Integration and Transmission Study (OWITS): Hawaiian Islands Transmission Interconnection Project  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report provides an independent review included an initial evaluation of the technical configuration and capital costs of establishing an undersea cable system and examining impacts to the existing electric transmission systems as a result of interconnecting the islands.

Woodford, D.

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Phase 2 Report: Oahu Wind Integration and Transmission Study (OWITS); Hawaiian Islands Transmission Interconnection Project  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report provides an independent review including an initial evaluation of the technical con