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1

Definition: Interchange Distribution Calculator | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Distribution Calculator Distribution Calculator Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Interchange Distribution Calculator The mechanism used by Reliability Coordinators in the Eastern Interconnection to calculate the distribution of Interchange Transactions over specific Flowgates. It includes a database of all Interchange Transactions and a matrix of the Distribution Factors for the Eastern Interconnection.[1] Related Terms Reliability Coordinator, Interchange Transaction References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An i LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. nline Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Interchange_Distribution_Calculator&oldid=480261" Categories: Definitions

2

Distributed Energy Calculator | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Distributed Energy Calculator Distributed Energy Calculator Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Distributed Energy Calculator Agency/Company /Organization: Apps for Energy Challenge Participant Sector: Energy Resource Type: Application prototype User Interface: Website Website: distributedenergycalculator.com/ OpenEI Keyword(s): Challenge Generated, Green Button Apps Language: English References: Apps for Energy[1] The Distributed Energy Calculator allows you to explore the potential energy savings for your community using Solar, Small Wind or Microturbines. The Distributed Energy Calculator allows you to explore the potential energy savings for your community using Solar, Small Wind or Microturbines. You can upload Green Button Data to compare your utility energy costs to

3

Definition: Distribution Factor | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Also Known As Transfer Distribution Factor Related Terms Interchange Transaction, transmission lines, facility, Interchange, transmission line, flowgate, smart grid...

4

Definition: Request For Interchange | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Interchange, Interchange Authority, balancing authority, smart grid References Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An inl LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign...

5

Definition: Confirmed Interchange | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Confirmed Interchange Confirmed Interchange Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Confirmed Interchange The state where the Interchange Authority has verified the Arranged Interchange.[1] Related Terms Arranged Interchange, Interchange, Interchange Authority References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An in LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. line Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Confirmed_Interchange&oldid=480469" Categories: Definitions ISGAN Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 1863245953 Varnish cache server

6

Genome Halving by Block Interchange  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We address the problem of finding the minimal number of block interchanges (exchange of two intervals) required to transform a duplicated linear genome into a tandem duplicated linear genome. We provide a formula for the distance as well as a polynomial time algorithm for the sorting problem.

Thomas, Antoine; Varr, Jean-Stphane

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Definition: Interchange Authority | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

information for reliability assessment purposes.1 Related Terms Interchange, sustainability, balancing authority, smart grid References Glossary of Terms Used in...

8

Review of Axial Burnup Distribution Considerations for Burnup Credit Calculations  

SciTech Connect

This report attempts to summarize and consolidate the existing knowledge on axial burnup distribution issues that are important to burnup credit criticality safety calculations. Recently released Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) staff guidance permits limited burnup credit, and thus, has prompted resolution of the axial burnup distribution issue. The reactivity difference between the neutron multiplication factor (keff) calculated with explicit representation of the axial burnup distribution and keff calculated assuming a uniform axial burnup is referred to as the ``end effect.'' This end effect is shown to be dependent on many factors, including the axial-burnup profile, total accumulated burnup, cooling time, initial enrichment, assembly design, and the isotopics considered (i.e., actinide-only or actinides plus fission products). Axial modeling studies, efforts related to the development of axial-profile databases, and the determination of bounding axial profiles are also discussed. Finally, areas that could benefit from further efforts are identified.

Wagner, J.C.; DeHart, M.D.

2000-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Verification of the SIMULATE-3 pin power distribution calculation  

SciTech Connect

The advanced nodal code SIMULATE-3 includes the capability to generate detailed pin-by-pin power distributions. An extensive series of benchmark calculations have been performed to verify the accuracy of this capability. Fuel depletion and fuel depletion after shuffling applications were examined. Comparisons were made among SIMULATE-3, higher order transport theory calculations, and calculations performed using fine-mesh finite difference diffusion theory. Detailed pin power data from multiassembly (colorsets) and quarter-core geometries were compared. The results demonstrate the accuracy of SIMULATE-3 relative to currently accepted methods of generating pin power data.

DiGiovine, A.S.; Gorski, J.P.; Tremblay, M.A. (Yankee Atomic Electric Co., Boston, MA (USA))

1989-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Definition: Net Interchange Schedule | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Interchange Schedule Interchange Schedule Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Net Interchange Schedule The algebraic sum of all Interchange Schedules with each Adjacent Balancing Authority.[1] Related Terms Balancing Authority, Adjacent Balancing Authority, Interchange, Interchange Schedule, smart grid References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An inli LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. ne Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Net_Interchange_Schedule&oldid=502531" Categories: Definitions ISGAN Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load)

11

Definition: Flowgate | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Calculator calculates the power flow from Interchange Transactions.1 Related Terms transmission lines, Interchange Distribution Calculator, system, Interchange, Transmission...

12

PQDIF (Power Quality Data Interchange Format) Application Guide  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Over the last fifteen years, many power quality-monitoring instruments have been employed in the collection of power quality measurements from tens, hundreds, and sometimes thousands of monitoring points in transmission, distribution, and end-user systems. The reasons for monitoring vary and, consequently, so do the structure of data contained in these measurements. The IEEE Std 1159.3-2002 PQDIF (Power Quality Data Interchange Format) binary file format ?provides a compact, flexible, extensible means to...

2008-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

13

Definition: Arranged Interchange | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Authority, Interchange References Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An i LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. nline...

14

Definition: Net Scheduled Interchange | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Interchange Schedule References Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An i LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. nline...

15

Definition: Inadvertent Interchange | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Net Actual Interchange References Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An i LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. nline...

16

Definition: Interchange Schedule | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Schedule Schedule Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Interchange Schedule An agreed-upon Interchange Transaction size (megawatts), start and end time, beginning and ending ramp times and rate, and type required for delivery and receipt of power and energy between the Source and Sink Balancing Authorities involved in the transaction.[1] Related Terms Interchange transaction References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. inline Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Interchange_Schedule&oldid=480572" Categories: Definitions ISGAN Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link

17

Definition: Net Actual Interchange | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

interchange, balancing authority, smart grid, Balancing Authority Area References Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An inli LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign...

18

The Economics of Interchange Fees and Their Regulation: An Overview  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This essay surveys the economic literature on interchange fees and the debate over whether interchange should be regulated and, if so, how. We consider, first, the operation of unitary payment systems, like American Express, ...

Evans, David

2005-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

19

Fuel Interchangeability Considerations for Gas Turbine Combustion  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In recent years domestic natural gas has experienced a considerable growth in demand particularly in the power generation industry. However, the desire for energy security, lower fuel costs and a reduction in carbon emissions has produced an increase in demand for alternative fuel sources. Current strategies for reducing the environmental impact of natural gas combustion in gas turbine engines used for power generation experience such hurdles as flashback, lean blow-off and combustion dynamics. These issues will continue as turbines are presented with coal syngas, gasified coal, biomass, LNG and high hydrogen content fuels. As it may be impractical to physically test a given turbine on all of the possible fuel blends it may experience over its life cycle, the need to predict fuel interchangeability becomes imperative. This study considers a number of historical parameters typically used to determine fuel interchangeability. Also addressed is the need for improved reaction mechanisms capable of accurately modeling the combustion of natural gas alternatives.

Ferguson, D.H.

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Quantum mechanical method of fragment's angular and energy distribution calculation for binary and ternary fission  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the framework of quantum-mechanical fission theory, the method of calculation for partial fission width amplitudes and asymptotic behavior of the fissile nucleus wave function with strong channel coupling taken into account has been suggested. The method allows one to solve the calculation problem of angular and energy distribution countation for binary and ternary fission.

Kadmensky, S. G., E-mail: kadmensky@phys.vsu.ru; Titova, L. V.; Pen'kov, N. V. [Voronezh State University (Russian Federation)

2006-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interchange distribution calculator" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

CALCULATION OF EFFECT OF FUEL BURNUP ON FUEL AND POISON DISTRIBUTIONS AND ON FLUX DISTRIBUTION IN THE MARINE REACTOR  

SciTech Connect

The changes in fuel and poison distributions and the changes in flux shape which accompany the consumption of fuel are studied. The technique employed is a perturbation calculation based on a one-velocity group treatment of the neutrons. The geometry is a spherical core surrounded by an infinite reflector. The programming forms for the IBM-650 which performs the computations using the Wolontis interpretative system are included. Two sample calculations were worked out using the code described and the results are plotted. (M.H.R.)

Hinman, G.

1957-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

22

Definition: Interchange Transaction Tag Or Tag | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Transaction, Interchange References Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An i LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. nline...

23

NLTE model calculations for the solar atmosphere with an iterative treatment of opacity distribution functions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Modeling the variability of the solar spectral irradiance is a key factor for understanding the solar influence on the climate of the Earth. As a first step to calculating the solar spectral irradiance variations we reproduce the solar spectrum for the quiet Sun over a broad wavelength range with an emphasis on the UV. We introduce the radiative transfer code COSI which calculates solar synthetic spectra under conditions of non-local thermodynamic equilibrium (NLTE). A self-consistent simultaneous solution of the radiative transfer and the statistical equation for the level populations guarantees that the correct physics is considered for wavelength regions where the assumption of local thermodynamic equilibrium (LTE) breaks down. The new concept of iterated opacity distribution functions (NLTE-ODFs), through which all line opacities are included in the NLTE radiative transfer calculation, is presented. We show that it is essential to include the line opacities in the radiative transfer to reproduce the solar...

Haberreiter, M; Hubeny, I

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Definition: Dynamic Interchange Schedule Or Dynamic Schedule | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Schedule Or Dynamic Schedule Schedule Or Dynamic Schedule Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Dynamic Interchange Schedule Or Dynamic Schedule A telemetered reading or value that is updated in real time and used as a schedule in the AGC/ACE equation and the integrated value of which is treated as a schedule for interchange accounting purposes. Commonly used for scheduling jointly owned generation to or from another Balancing Authority Area.[1] Related Terms balancing authority, balancing authority area, smart grid References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An in LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. line Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Dynamic_Interchange_Schedule_Or_Dynamic_Schedule&oldid=502492

25

Chapter 2 Interchanges and Contracts Table of Contents  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The Policy A. Chapter 230.07, Wis. Stats., authorizes state agencies and the University of Wisconsin System the University of Wisconsin-Madison are with other state agencies, federal agencies, other gove to participate in the temporary interchange of employees between and among government agencies at the same

Sheridan, Jennifer

26

Kinetic ballooning-interchange modes in tandem mirrors  

SciTech Connect

A hybrid fluid-gyrokinetic derivation of the kinetic modifications to the ballooning-interchange eigenmode equation is presented which removes the large and small wave frequency restrictions of Tang and Catto. The derivation employs a long-thin ordering and an eikonal ansatz, but otherwise allows arbitrary asymmetry, beta, pressure anisotropy, and unperturbed parallel and perpendicular electrostatic field.

Lee, X.S.; Catto, P.J.

1981-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Fast Calculations of Electrostatic Solvation Free Energy from Reconstructed Solvent Density Using Proximal Radial Distribution Functions  

SciTech Connect

Although detailed atomic models may be applied for a full description of solvation, simpler phenomenologicalmodels are particularly useful to interpret the results for scanning many large, complex systems, where a full atomic model is too computationally expensive to use. Among the most costly are solvation free-energy evaluations by simulation. Here we develop a fast way to calculate electrostatic solvation free energy while retaining much of the accuracy of explicit solvent free-energy simulation. The basis of our method is to treat the solvent not as a structureless dielectric continuum but as a structured medium by making use of universal proximal radial distribution functions. Using a deca-alanine peptide as a test case, we compare the use of our theory with free-energy simulations and traditional continuum estimates of the electrostatic solvation free energy.

Lin, Bin; Wong, Ka-Yiu; Hu, Char Y.; Kokubo, Hironori; Pettitt, Bernard M.

2011-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

28

Vorticity scaling and intermittency in drift-interchange plasma turbulence  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effects of spatially varying magnetic field strength on the scaling properties of plasma turbulence, modelled by an extended form of Hasegawa-Wakatani model, are investigated. We study changes in the intermittency of the velocity, density, and vorticity fields, as functions of the magnetic field inhomogeneity C=-{partial_derivative} ln B/{partial_derivative}x. While the velocity fluctuations are always self-similar and their scaling is unaffected by the value of C, the intermittency levels in density and vorticity change with parameter C, reflecting morphological changes in the coherent structures due to the interchange mechanism. Given the centrality of vorticity in conditioning plasma transport, this result is of interest in scaling the results of transport measurements and simulations in tokamak edge plasmas, where drift-interchange turbulence in the presence of a magnetic field gradient is likely to occur.

Dura, P. D.; Hnat, B.; Robinson, J.; Dendy, R. O. [Centre for Fusion, Space and Astrophysics, Department of Physics, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL (United Kingdom)

2012-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

29

The probability of long cycles in interchange processes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We examine the number of cycles of length k in a permutation, as a function on the symmetric group. We write it explicitly as a combination of characters of irreducible representations. This allows to study formation of long cycles in the interchange process, including a precise formula for the probability that the permutation is one long cycle at a given time t, and estimates for the cases of shorter cycles.

Alon, Gil

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Numerical calculation of thermal field distribution in oil immersed power transformer: a comparison of methods  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper summarise a few computational methods and engineering models proposed for transformer thermal analysis and the accurate prediction of transformer thermal characteristics. The paper presents different approach for numerical calculation of thermal ... Keywords: hot-spot temperature, numerical calculation, power transformer, thermal field

Vlado Madzarevic; Izudin Kapetanovic; Majda Tesanovic; Mensur Kasumovic

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Radiative Cooling Calculated by Random Band Models with S-1-? Tailed Distribution  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Random band models with S-l-u tailed distribution for line intensity are proposed for both the Lorentz lineprofile and an approximate Voigt line profile suggested by Zhu. Such a distribution for the weak line intensityis more realistic than a ...

Xun Zhu

1989-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

FUEL INTERCHANGEABILITY FOR LEAN PREMIXED COMBUSTION IN GAS TURBINE ENGINES  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In response to environmental concerns of NOx emissions, gas turbine manufacturers have developed engines that operate under lean, pre-mixed fuel and air conditions. While this has proven to reduce NOx emissions by lowering peak flame temperatures, it is not without its limitations as engines utilizing this technology are more susceptible to combustion dynamics. Although dependent on a number of mechanisms, changes in fuel composition can alter the dynamic response of a given combustion system. This is of particular interest as increases in demand of domestic natural gas have fueled efforts to utilize alternatives such as coal derived syngas, imported liquefied natural gas and hydrogen or hydrogen augmented fuels. However, prior to changing the fuel supply end-users need to understand how their system will respond. A variety of historical parameters have been utilized to determine fuel interchangeability such as Wobbe and Weaver Indices, however these parameters were never optimized for todays engines operating under lean pre-mixed combustion. This paper provides a discussion of currently available parameters to describe fuel interchangeability. Through the analysis of the dynamic response of a lab-scale Rijke tube combustor operating on various fuel blends, it is shown that commonly used indices are inadequate for describing combustion specific phenomena.

Don Ferguson; Geo. A. Richard; Doug Straub

2008-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

33

ANSI/NIST-ITL 1-2011 Data Format for the Interchange of ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Page 1. ANSI/NIST-ITL 1-2011 Data Format for the Interchange of Biometric and Forensic Information i Foreword ...

2010-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

34

Possible Improvements of the ACE Diversity Interchange Methodology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) grid is operated by about 131 balancing authorities (BA). Within each BA, operators are responsible for managing the unbalance (caused by both load and wind). As wind penetration levels increase, the challenges of managing power variation increases. Working independently, balancing area with limited regulating/load following generation and high wind power penetration faces significant challenges. The benefits of BA cooperation and consolidation increase when there is a significant wind energy penetration. To explore the benefits of BA cooperation, this paper investigates ACE sharing approach. A technology called ACE diversity interchange (ADI) is already in use in the western interconnection. A new methodology extending ADI is proposed in the paper. The proposed advanced ADI overcoming some limitations existing in conventional ADI. Simulations using real statistical data of CAISO and BPA have shown high performance of the proposed advanced ADI methodology.

Etingov, Pavel V.; Zhou, Ning; Makarov, Yuri V.; Ma, Jian; Guttromson, Ross T.; McManus, Bart; Loutan, Clyde

2010-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

35

MCNP modeling of the Swiss LWRs for the calculation of the in- and ex-vessel neutron flux distributions  

SciTech Connect

MCNP models of all Swiss Nuclear Power Plants have been developed by the National Cooperative for the Disposal of Radioactive Waste (Nagra), in collaboration with the utilities and ETH Zurich, for the 2011 decommissioning cost study. The estimation of the residual radionuclide inventories and corresponding activity levels of irradiated structures and components following the NPP shut-down is of crucial importance for the planning of the dismantling process, the waste packaging concept and, consequently, for the estimation of the decommissioning costs. Based on NPP specific data, the neutron transport simulations lead to the best yet knowledge of the neutron spectra necessary for the ensuing activation calculations. In this paper, the modeling concept towards the MCNP-NPPs is outlined and the resulting flux distribution maps are presented. (authors)

Pantelias, M.; Volmert, B.; Caruso, S. [National Cooperative for the Disposal of Radioactive Waste Nagra, Hardstrasse 73, 5430, Wettingen (Switzerland); Zvoncek, P. [Laboratory for Nuclear Energy Systems, ETH Zurich, Sonneggstrasse 3, 8092, Zurich (Switzerland); Bitterli, B. [Kernkraftwerk Goesgen-Daeniken AG, 4658 Daeniken (Switzerland); Neukaeter, E.; Nissen, W. [BKW FMB Energie AG-Kernkraftwerk Muehleberg, 3203 Muehleberg (Switzerland); Ledergerber, G. [Kernkraftwerk Leibstadt AG, 5325 Leibstadt (Switzerland); Vielma, R. [Axpo AG-Kernkraftwerk Beznau, 5312 Doettingen (Switzerland)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Geothermal Energy and the Eastern US: Technical Information Interchange Meeting, Minutes  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The technical interchange meeting documented here is the fourth meeting where people interested in geothermal energy in the Eastern US have met to interchange technical information. These meetings are intended to assist all in the difficult task of balancing time and effort in doing their assigned jobs and keeping track of what others are doing in similar or related tasks. All of the aforementioned meetings have served their intended purpose and further regional and national meetings are sure to follow.

None

1979-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Geothermal Energy and the Eastern US: Fifth technical information interchange meeting, Minutes  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The technical interchange meeting documented here is the fifth meeting where people interested in geothermal energy in the Eastern US have met to interchange technical information. These meetings are intended to assist all in the difficult task of balancing time and effort in doing their assigned jobs and keeping track of what others are doing in similar or related tasks. All of the aforementioned meetings have served their intended purpose and further regional and national meetings are sure to follow.

None

1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Calculations of the anisotropy of the fission fragment angular distribution and neutron emission multiplicities prescission from Langevin dynamics  

SciTech Connect

The anisotropy of the fission fragment angular distribution defined at the saddle point and the neutron multiplicities emitted prior to scission for fissioning nuclei {sup 224}Th, {sup 229}Np, {sup 248}Cf, and {sup 254}Fm are calculated simultaneously by using a set of realistic coupled two-dimensional Langevin equations, where the (c,h,{alpha}=0) nuclear parametrization is employed. In comparison with the one-dimensional stochastic model without neck variation, our two-dimensional model produces results that are in better agreement with the experimental data, and the one-dimensional model is available only for low excitation energies. Indeed, to determine the temperature of the nucleus at the saddle point, we investigate the neutron emission during nucleus oscillation around the saddle point for different friction mechanisms. It is shown that the neutrons emitted during the saddle oscillation cause the temperature of a fissioning nuclear system at the saddle point to decrease and influence the fission fragment angular distribution.

Jia Ying; Bao Jingdong [Department of Physics, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875 (China)

2007-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

39

Nano-Interchange vs. the All-Directional Four-Level: A Comparison of Geometrics, Construction Costs, and Right of Way Requirements.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis introduces the nano-interchange, an innovative concept in freeway-to-freeway interchange design, originating with Dr. Joseph Hummer, P.E., of North Carolina State University. Created with (more)

Harris, Meredith Louise

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Recommended Distribution Coefficients, Kd Values, for Special Analysis Risk Calculations Related to Waste Disposal and Tank Closure on the Savannah River Site  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this document is to provide a technically defensible list of distribution coefficients, or Kd values, for use in performance assessment (PA) and special analysis (SA) calculations on the SRS. Only Kd values for radionuclides that have new information related to them or that have recently been recognized as being important are discussed in this report. Some 150 Kd values are provided in this report for various waste-disposal or tank-closure environments: soil, corrosion in grout, oxidizing grout waste, gravel, clay, and reducing concrete environments. Documentation and justification for the selection of each Kd value is provided.

Kaplan, D

2005-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interchange distribution calculator" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Distribution:  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

JAN26 19% JAN26 19% Distribution: OR00 Attn: h.H.M.Roth DFMusser ITMM MMMann INS JCRyan FIw(2) Hsixele SRGustavson, Document rocm Formal file i+a@mmm bav@ ~@esiaw*cp Suppl. file 'Br & Div rf's s/health (lic.only) UNITED STATES ATOMIC ENERGY COMMISSION SPECIAL NUCLEAB MATERIAL LICENSE pursuant to the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 and Title 10, Code of Federal Regulations, Chapter 1, P&t 70, "Special Nuclear Material Reg)llatiqm," a license is hereby issued a$hortztng the licensee to rekeive and possess the special nuclear material designated below; to use such special nuclear mat&ial for the purpose(s) and at the place(s) designated below; and to transfer such material to per&s authorized to receive it in accordance with the regula,tions in said Part.

42

Net Interchange Schedule Forecasting of Electric Power Exchange for RTO/ISOs  

SciTech Connect

Neighboring independent system operators (ISOs) exchange electric power to enable efficient and reliable operation of the grid. Net interchange (NI) schedule is the sum of the transactions (in MW) between an ISO and its neighbors. Effective forecasting of the amount of actual NI can improve grid operation efficiency. This paper presents results of a preliminary investigation into various methods of prediction that may result in improved prediction accuracy. The methods studied are linear regression, forward regression, stepwise regression, and support vector machine (SVM) regression. The work to date is not yet conclusive. The hope is to explore the effectiveness of other prediction methods and apply all methods to at least one new data set. This should enable more confidence in the conclusions.

Ferryman, Thomas A.; Haglin, David J.; Vlachopoulou, Maria; Yin, Jian; Shen, Chao; Tuffner, Francis K.; Lin, Guang; Zhou, Ning; Tong, Jianzhong

2012-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

43

A NEW LED-LED PORTABLE CO2 GAS SENSOR BASED ON AN INTERCHANGEABLE MEMBRANE SYSTEM FOR INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A NEW LED-LED PORTABLE CO2 GAS SENSOR BASED ON AN INTERCHANGEABLE MEMBRANE SYSTEM FOR INDUSTRIAL, consisting of two LEDs wherein one is used as the light source (emitter) and the other is used in reverse bias mode as the light detector. The first configuration uses a green LED as emitter and a red LED

Lee, Hyowon

44

Development and evaluation of operational strategies for providing an integrated diamond interchange ramp-metering control system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Diamond interchanges and their associated ramps are where the surface street arterial system and the freeway system interface. Historically, these two elements of the system have been operated with little or no coordination between the two. Therefore, there is a lack of both analysis tools and operational strategies for considering them as an integrated system. One drawback of operating the ramp-metering system and the diamond interchange system in isolation is that traffic from the ramp, particularly if it is metered, can spill back into the diamond interchange, causing both congestion and safety concerns at the diamond interchange. While flushing the ramp queues by temporarily suspending ramp metering has been the primary strategy for preventing queue spillback, it can result in freeway system breakdown, which would affect the entire system's efficiency. The aim of this research was to develop operational strategies for managing an integrated diamond interchange ramp-metering system (IDIRMS). Enhanced modeling methodologies were developed for an IDIRMS. A computer model named DRIVE (Diamond Interchange and Ramp Metering Integration Via Evaluation) was developed, which was characterized as a mesoscopic simulation and analysis model. DRIVE incorporated the enhanced modeling methodologies developed in this study and could be used to perform system analysis for an IDIRMS given a set of system input parameters and variables. DRIVE was validated against a VISSIM microscopic simulation model, and general agreement was found between the two models. System operational characteristics were investigated using DRIVE to gain a better understanding of the system features. Integrated control strategies (ICS) were developed based on the two commonly used diamond interchange phasing schemes, basic three-phase and TTI four-phase. The ICS were evaluated using VISSIM microscopic simulation under three general traffic demand scenarios: low, medium, and high, as characterized by the volume-to-capacity ratios at the metered ramps. The results of the evaluation indicate that the integrated operations through an adaptive signal control system were most effective under the medium traffic demand scenario by preventing or delaying the onset of ramp-metering queue flush, thereby minimizing freeway breakdown and system delays.

Tian, Zongzhong

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Improving Area Control Error Diversity Interchange (ADI) Program by Incorporating Congestion Constraints  

SciTech Connect

The area control error (ACE) determines how much a balancing authority (BA) needs to move its regulating units to meet mandatory control performance standard requirements. Regulation is an expensive resource that could cost several hundred million dollars a year for a BA. The amount of regulation needed in a system is increasing with more intermittent generation resources added to the system. The ACE diversity interchange (ADI) program provides a tool for reducing the regulation requirement by combining ACEs from several participating BAs followed by sharing the total ACE among all participating balancing areas. The effect is achieved as a result of the low statistical correlation between the original ACEs of participating BAs. A rule-based ADI approach has already been put into practice in the US Western Interconnection. The degree of actual ACE sharing is artificially limited because of the unknown redistribution of power flows and possible system congestion (these factors are not monitored in the existing ADI). This paper proposes a two-step linear programming (LP) ADI approach that incorporates congestion constraints. In the first step of the proposed LP ADI, the line transmission limits are enforced by setting up corresponding constraints. In the second step, the business fairness is pursued. Simulation is performed to compare the properties of the proposed LP ADI and the existing rule-based ADI. Favorable features, such as avoiding line limit violations and increasing the degree of possible ACE sharing, are observed for the proposed LP ADI.

Zhou, Ning; Etingov, Pavel V.; Makarov, Yuri V.; Guttromson, Ross T.; McManus, Bart

2010-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

46

Footprint Calculator?  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

fuels and advanced vehicles (AFVs). The Greenhouse gases, Regulated Emis- sions, and Energy use in Transportation (GREET) Fleet Foot- print Calculator can help fleets decide on...

47

Source and replica calculations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The starting point of the Hiroshima-Nagasaki Dose Reevaluation Program is the energy and directional distributions of the prompt neutron and gamma-ray radiation emitted from the exploding bombs. A brief introduction to the neutron source calculations is presented. The development of our current understanding of the source problem is outlined. It is recommended that adjoint calculations be used to modify source spectra to resolve the neutron discrepancy problem.

Whalen, P.P.

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

COAGULATION CALCULATIONS OF ICY PLANET FORMATION AT 15-150 AU: A CORRELATION BETWEEN THE MAXIMUM RADIUS AND THE SLOPE OF THE SIZE DISTRIBUTION FOR TRANS-NEPTUNIAN OBJECTS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We investigate whether coagulation models of planet formation can explain the observed size distributions of trans-Neptunian objects (TNOs). Analyzing published and new calculations, we demonstrate robust relations between the size of the largest object and the slope of the size distribution for sizes 0.1 km and larger. These relations yield clear, testable predictions for TNOs and other icy objects throughout the solar system. Applying our results to existing observations, we show that a broad range of initial disk masses, planetesimal sizes, and fragmentation parameters can explain the data. Adding dynamical constraints on the initial semimajor axis of 'hot' Kuiper Belt objects along with probable TNO formation times of 10-700 Myr restricts the viable models to those with a massive disk composed of relatively small (1-10 km) planetesimals.

Kenyon, Scott J. [Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Bromley, Benjamin C., E-mail: skenyon@cfa.harvard.edu, E-mail: bromley@physics.utah.edu [Department of Physics, University of Utah, 201 JFB, Salt Lake City, UT 84112 (United States)

2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

49

Freeway ramp metering often exists in the vicinity of a signal-controlled diamond interchange, at which the surface street system and the free-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Freeway ramp metering often exists in the vicinity of a signal-controlled diamond interchange signal and the ramp-metering signal. The proposed control algorithm, including an adaptive diamond inter- change control and a traffic-responsive ramp-metering control were programmed with VISSIM's vehicle

Tian, Zong Z.

50

Calculated CIM Power Distributions for Coil Design  

SciTech Connect

Excessive bed expansion and material expulsion have occurred during experiments with the 3-inch diameter Cylindrical Induction Melter (CIM). Both events were attributed in part to the high power density in the bottom of the melter and the correspondingly high temperatures there. It is believed that the high temperatures resulted in the generation of gasses at the bottom of the bed which could not escape. The gasses released during heating and the response of the bed to gas evolution depend upon the composition of the bed.

Hardy, B.J.

1999-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

51

Photon Generalized Parton Distributions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a calculation of the generalized parton distributions of the photon using overlaps of photon light-front wave functions.

Asmita Mukherjee; Sreeraj Nair

2011-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

52

Photon Generalized Parton Distributions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a calculation of the generalized parton distributions of the photon using overlaps of photon light-front wave functions.

Mukherjee, Asmita

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

New Insights into the Crystal and Electronic Structures of Li[subscript 1+x]V[subscript 1?x]O[subscript 2] from Solid State NMR, Pair Distribution Function Analyses, and First Principles Calculations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Pair distribution function (PDF) analyses of synchrotron data obtained for the anode materials Li{sub 1+x}V{sub 1-x}O{sub 2} (0 {le} x {le} 0.1) have been performed to characterize the short to medium range structural ordering. The data show clear evidence for the magnetically-induced distortion of the V sublattice to form trimers, the distortion persisting at even the highest excess Li content considered of x = 0.1. At least three distinct local environments were observed for the stoichiometric material LiVO{sub 2} in {sup 6}Li nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, the environments becoming progressively more disordered as the Li content increases. A two-dimensional Li-Li correlation NMR experiment (POST-C7) was used to identify the resonances corresponding to Li within the same layers. NMR spectra were acquired as a function of the state of charge, a distinct environment for Li in Li{sub 2}VO{sub 2} being observed. The results suggest that disorder within the Li layers (in addition to the presence of Li within the V layers as proposed by Armstrong et al. Nat. Mater.2011, 10, 223-229) may aid the insertion of Li into the Li{sub 1+x}V{sub 1-x}O{sub 2} phase. The previously little-studied Li{sub 2}VO{sub 2} phase was also investigated by hybrid density functional theory (DFT) calculations, providing insights into magnetic interactions, spin-lattice coupling, and Li hyperfine parameters.

Pourpoint, Frdrique; Hua, Xiao; Middlemiss, Derek S.; Adamson, Paul; Wang, Da; Bruce, Peter G.; Grey, Clare P. (SBU); (Cambridge); (St Andrews)

2012-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

54

My Trip Calculator  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Savings Calculator Trip Calculator Benefits Why is fuel economy important? Climate Change Oil Dependence Costs Sustainability Save Money Vehicles produce about half of the...

55

DISTRIBUTION CATEGORY  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

DISTRIBUTION CATEGORY DISTRIBUTION CATEGORY uc-11 I A W E N C E LIVERMORE IABORATORY University of Cahfmia/Livermore, California/94550 UCRL-52658 CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL EQUILIBRIUM BETWEEN AQUEOUS SOLUTION AND MINERALS: THE EQ3/6 - - SOFTWARE PACKAGE T. J. Wolery MS. date: February 1, 1979 . . - . . - . Tho rcpon rn prepared as an account of work sponsored by the United Stater Government. Seither Lhc Urutcd Stater nor the Umted Stater Department of Energy, nor any of their employees. nor any of their E O ~ ~ ~ B C I O I S . rubcontracton. o r their employees. makes any warranr)., exprcs or !mplwd. or assumes any legal liability or respanability io: the ~ c c u o c y . complctencn or uvfulneu of any miormarlon. apparatcr. product or p r o m s dtwlorcd. or r c p r e v n u that its UP would not infringe privately owned r

56

R-value Calculator  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Advanced Wall Systems Advanced Wall Systems ORNL Home ASTM Testing BEP Home Related Sites Work With Us Advanced Wall Systems Home Interactive Calculators New Whole Wall R-value Calculators As A Part Of The ORNL Material Database For Whole Building Energy Simulations These calculators are replacing the old Whole Wall Thermal Performance calculator. These new versions of the calculator contain many new features and are part of the newly developed Interactive Envelope Materials Database for Whole-Building Energy Simulation Programs. The simple version of the Whole Wall R-value calculator is now available for use. This calculator is similar to the previous Whole Wall Thermal Performance calculator and does not require any downloads from the user. However, it was updated to allow calculations for fourteen wall details

57

Fitting an Exponential Distribution  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Exponential distributions of the type N = N0 exp(??t) occur with a high frequency in a wide range of scientific disciplines. This paper argues against a widely spread method for calculating the ? parameter in this distribution. When the ln ...

Roberto Fraile; Eduardo Garca-Ortega

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

NEW GUN CAPABILITY WITH INTERCHANGABLE BARRELS TO INVESTIGATE LOW VELOCITY IMPACT REGIMES AT THE LAWRENCE LIVERMORE NATIONAL LABORATORY HIGH EXPLOSIVES APPLICATIONS FACILITY  

SciTech Connect

A new gas gun capability is being activated at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratories located in the High Explosives Applications Facility (HEAF). The single stage light gas (dry air, nitrogen, or helium) gun has interchangeable barrels ranging from 25.4 mm to 76.2 mm in diameter with 1.8 meters in length and is being fabricated by Physics Applications, Inc. Because it is being used for safety studies involving explosives, the gun is planned for operation inside a large enclosed firing tank, with typical velocities planned in the range of 10-300 m/s. Three applications planned for this gun include: low velocity impact of detonator or detonator/booster assemblies with various projectile shapes, the Steven Impact test that involves impact initiation of a cased explosive target, and the Taylor impact test using a cylindrical explosive sample impacted onto a rigid anvil for fracture studies of energetic materials. A highlight of the gun features, outline on work in progress for implementing this capability, and discussion of the planned areas of research will be included.

Vandersall, K S; Behn, A; Gresshoff, M; Jr., L F; Chiao, P I

2009-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

59

Multiphase flow calculation software  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Multiphase flow calculation software and computer-readable media carrying computer executable instructions for calculating liquid and gas phase mass flow rates of high void fraction multiphase flows. The multiphase flow calculation software employs various given, or experimentally determined, parameters in conjunction with a plurality of pressure differentials of a multiphase flow, preferably supplied by a differential pressure flowmeter or the like, to determine liquid and gas phase mass flow rates of the high void fraction multiphase flows. Embodiments of the multiphase flow calculation software are suitable for use in a variety of applications, including real-time management and control of an object system.

Fincke, James R. (Idaho Falls, ID)

2003-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

60

Oceanic Heat Flux Calculation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors review the procedure for the direct calculation of oceanic heat flux from hydrographic measurements and set out the full recipe that is required.

Sheldon Bacon; Nick Fofonoff

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interchange distribution calculator" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Scattering Length Density Calculator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... For energy dependent cross sections please go to ... The neutron scattering length density is defined ... To calculate scattering length densities enter a ...

62

Heating Fuel Comparision Calculator  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Wood, Pellet, Corn (kernel), and Coal Heaters Heating Fuel Comparison Calculator Instructions and Guidance Residential Fuel/Energy Price Links Spot Prices, Daily

63

Scattering Length Density Calculator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The first calculation will take the longest because the program has to download ... will take a few seconds as the database of isotopes is downloaded ...

64

Vehicle Cost Calculator  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Electric Plug-in Hybrid Electric Natural Gas (CNG) Flex Fuel (E85) Biodiesel (B20) Next Vehicle Cost Calculator U.S. Department of Energy Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy...

65

MODIFIED ZONE METHOD CALCULATOR  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Zone Method is recommended for R-value calculations in steel stud walls by the 1997 ASHRAE Handbook of Fundamentals ASHRAE 1997. The Modified Zone Method is similar to the...

66

Distribution System Losses Evaluation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Currently, there is not an industry standard on how utilities calculate and account for electrical losses and reductions in electric system losses. Computer models used to analyze power flows typically only include the primary components of the distribution system infrastructure. More detailed electric system models can benefit utilities by providing more accurate loss calculations as well as benefits for system planning and engineering. The utility industry could benefit from having a consistent and uni...

2008-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

67

Procedure for calculating interior daylight illumination with a programmable hand calculator  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A procedure is described for calculating interior daylight illumination using an inexpensive programmable hand calculator. The proposed procedure calculates illumination at any point within a room utilizing sky luminance distribution functions that are consistent with the CIE (Commission Internationale de l'Eclairage) Overcast and Clear Sky functions. This procedure separates the light reaching the point being considered into three components, these being (a) light directly from the sky, (b) light after being reflected from external, and (c) internal surfaces. Finally, two examples are presented in order to demonstrate the proposed procedure and indicate the speed with which the calculations may be performed.

Bryan, H.J.; Clear, R.D.

1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

TVDG LET Calculator  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

To The B N L Tandem Van de Graaff Accelerator To The B N L Tandem Van de Graaff Accelerator TVDG LET Calculator This program calculates the Peak LET, Corresponding Energy and Range as well as the LET and Range at the Specified Energy for the Specified Ion in the Specified Target. Select the Target Material from the dropdown list. Select the Ion Specie from the dropdown list. Enter the Total Ion Energy in the text box. This is equal to the Atomic Mass times the Energy/Nucleon. Click the 'Calculate' button or press the 'Enter' key. The Peak LET, Corresponding Energy and Range as well as the LET and Range at the Specified Energy for the Specified Ion in the Specified Target will be returned. Select your Target from the list Air Aluminum Oxide Carbon Copper Gallium Arsenide Gold Polyester Polyethylene Silicon Silicon Dioxide Skin Soda Lime Glass Sodium Iodide Water Select your Ion from the list

69

Solar Reflectance Index Calculator  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Reflectance Index Calculator Reflectance Index Calculator ASTM Designation: E 1980-01 Enter A State: Select a state Alabama Alaska Arkansas Arizona California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Iowa Idaho Illinois Indiana Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana North Carolina North Dakota Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Pacific Islands Puerto Rico Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington Wisconsin West Virginia Wyoming Canadian Cities Enter A City: Select a city Wind Speed (mph) Wind Speed (m/s) Please input both the SR and the TE and the convection coeficient and surface temperature will be calculated

70

Spin resonance strength calculations  

SciTech Connect

In calculating the strengths of depolarizing resonances it may be convenient to reformulate the equations of spin motion in a coordinate system based on the actual trajectory of the particle, as introduced by Kondratenko, rather than the conventional one based on a reference orbit. It is shown that resonance strengths calculated by the conventional and the revised formalisms are identical. Resonances induced by radiofrequency dipoles or solenoids are also treated; with rf dipoles it is essential to consider not only the direct effect of the dipole but also the contribution from oscillations induced by it.

Courant,E.D.

2008-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

71

Definition: Interchange | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Balancing Authority, smart grid References Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An in LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. line...

72

Availability and Interchangeability of Metals  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aluminum composite, brass. Fossil Fuels. Solar Energy. These are natural evolutionary developments associated with progress and in general their introduction.

73

Approach for Calculating OE Benefits  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Reliability Reliability U.S. Department of Energy - 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 2007 Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Joe Paladino October 29, 2007 Approach for Calculating OE Benefits Challenges * Established benefits methodologies (e.g., NEMS and MARKAL) do not address some of the major benefits that OE's program will provide (e.g. reliability). * Much of OE's program is about transforming the way the T&D infrastructure operates rather than replacing components: - Some technologies need a high penetration or must be deployed as an entire system to yield benefits (e.g. PMUs or Distribution Automation). - Some programs within OE are not developing "widgets" that can be easily counted. - OE is developing tools/methodologies or funding demonstrations that

74

Power Line Calculator for DOS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Power Line Calculator (PLC) for DOS, version 1.0, is a program that describes the electrical characteristics of a transmission or distribution system given user-defined input. This input may consist of a combination of operating currents and phases, symmetric components, power factor, and real or reactive power. The program also allows the user to designate whether currents are present on the system neutral or in the ground. The PLC assumes that any value entered by the user remains fixed (e.g., phase current, power factor), and for underdetermined systems, basic default assumptions are incorporated: the power factor is held at or near 1.0, the net phase current is kept at or near zero, and the phase conductor currents are kept balanced. The program operates under PC/MS-DOS version 3.3 or later, and the output is available in both tabular and graphic formats.

Silva, J.M. (Enertech Consultants, Campbell, CA (United States))

1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Husimi distribution function and one-dimensional Ising model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Husimi distribution function for the one-dimensional Ising model is obtained. One-point and joint distribution functions are calculated and their thermal behaviour are discussed.

F. Kheirandish

2005-12-24T23:59:59.000Z

76

Mitigation Efforts Calculator (MEC)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Mitigation Efforts Calculator (MEC) has been developed by the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) as an online tool to compare greenhouse gas (GHG) mitigation proposals by various countries for the year 2020. In this paper, ... Keywords: Business intelligence, Cost curves, Decision model, Interactive system, Optimisation

Thanh Binh Nguyen; Lena Hoeglund-Isaksson; Fabian Wagner; Wolfgang Schoepp

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Tunnel closure calculations  

SciTech Connect

When a deeply penetrating munition explodes above the roof of a tunnel, the amount of rubble that falls inside the tunnel is primarily a function of three parameters: first the cube-root scaled distance from the center of the explosive to the roof of the tunnel. Second the material properties of the rock around the tunnel, and in particular the shear strength of that rock, its RQD (Rock Quality Designator), and the extent and orientation of joints. And third the ratio of the tunnel diameter to the standoff distance (distance between the center of explosive and the tunnel roof). The authors have used CALE, a well-established 2-D hydrodynamic computer code, to calculate the amount of rubble that falls inside a tunnel as a function of standoff distance for two different tunnel diameters. In particular they calculated three of the tunnel collapse experiments conducted in an iron ore mine near Kirkeness, Norway in the summer of 1994. The failure model that they used in their calculations combines an equivalent plastic strain criterion with a maximum tensile strength criterion and can be calibrated for different rocks using cratering data as well as laboratory experiments. These calculations are intended to test and improve the understanding of both the Norway Experiments and the ACE (Array of conventional Explosive) phenomenology.

Moran, B.; Attia, A.

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Plutonium 239 Equivalency Calculations  

SciTech Connect

This document provides the basis for converting actual weapons grade plutonium mass to a plutonium equivalency (PuE) mass of Plutonium 239. The conversion can be accomplished by performing calculations utilizing either: (1) Isotopic conversions factors (CF{sub isotope}), or (2) 30-year-old weapons grade conversion factor (CF{sub 30 yr}) Both of these methods are provided in this document. Material mass and isotopic data are needed to calculate PuE using the isotopic conversion factors, which will provide the actual PuE value at the time of calculation. PuE is the summation of the isotopic masses times their associated isotopic conversion factors for plutonium 239. Isotopic conversion factors are calculated by a normalized equation, relative to Plutonium 239, of specific activity (SA) and cumulated dose inhalation affects based on 50-yr committed effective dose equivalent (CEDE). The isotopic conversion factors for converting weapons grade plutonium to PuE are provided in Table-1. The unit for specific activity (SA) is curies per gram (Ci/g) and the isotopic SA values come from reference [1]. The cumulated dose inhalation effect values in units of rem/Ci are based on 50-yr committed effective dose equivalent (CEDE). A person irradiated by gamma radiation outside the body will receive a dose only during the period of irradiation. However, following an intake by inhalation, some radionuclides persist in the body and irradiate the various tissues for many years. There are three groups CEDE data representing lengths of time of 0.5 (D), 50 (W) and 500 (Y) days, which are in reference [2]. The CEDE values in the (W) group demonstrates the highest dose equivalent value; therefore they are used for the calculation.

Wen, J

2011-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

79

Parton Distributions in Hadrons  

SciTech Connect

We use the statistical model of Zhang et al. to calculate parton distributions in hadrons. The model does reasonably well in predicting the distributions of partons in the proton, including the (d-bar - u-bar) excess in the proton sea. We extend the model to calculate quark and gluon distributions in the pion, kaon, and the pentaquark. The hadrons are described in terms of quark and gluon Fock states. Detailed balance between each pair of states is assumed, from which the coefficients of the Fock state expansion are determined. The parton distribution functions are found in the hadron rest frame from a Monte Carlo calculation. The results are evolved to appropriate QCD scales for comparison with experiment. Despite its simplicity, the model is in good agreement with the experimentally measured distributions of partons in the pion and kaon. This project has included significant participation by undergraduates at Seattle University, made possible by support from the Research in Undergraduate Institutions Program of the National Science Foundation.

Alberg, Mary [Department of Physics, Seattle University, Seattle, WA 98122 (United States); Department of Physics, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 (United States); Henley, Ernest M. [Department of Physics, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 (United States); Institute for Nuclear Theory, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 (United States)

2006-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

80

Hydrogen Threshold Cost Calculation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Program Record (Offices of Fuel Cell Technologies) Program Record (Offices of Fuel Cell Technologies) Record #: 11007 Date: March 25, 2011 Title: Hydrogen Threshold Cost Calculation Originator: Mark Ruth & Fred Joseck Approved by: Sunita Satyapal Date: March 24, 2011 Description: The hydrogen threshold cost is defined as the hydrogen cost in the range of $2.00-$4.00/gge (2007$) which represents the cost at which hydrogen fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs) are projected to become competitive on a cost per mile basis with the competing vehicles [gasoline in hybrid-electric vehicles (HEVs)] in 2020. This record documents the methodology and assumptions used to calculate that threshold cost. Principles: The cost threshold analysis is a "top-down" analysis of the cost at which hydrogen would be

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interchange distribution calculator" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Steep Slope Calculator  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Steep Slope Calculator Steep Slope Calculator Estimates Cooling and Heating Savings for Residential Roofs with Non-Black Surfaces Enter A State: Select a state Alabama Alaska Arkansas Arizona California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Iowa Idaho Illinois Indiana Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana North Carolina North Dakota Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Pacific Islands Puerto Rico Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington Wisconsin West Virginia Wyoming Canadian Cities Enter A City: Select a city Click to see Data for All 243 Locations Roof Inputs: R-value(Btu-in/(hr ft2 oF):

82

Energy Distribution of a Charged Regular  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We calculate the energy distribution of a charged regular black hole by using the energy-momentum complexes of Einstein and Mller.

Black Hole; I. Radinschi

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Foodborne Illness Cost Calculator | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Foodborne Illness Cost Calculator Foodborne Illness Cost Calculator Agriculture Community Menu DATA APPS EVENTS DEVELOPER STATISTICS COLLABORATE ABOUT Agriculture You are here Data.gov » Communities » Agriculture » Data Foodborne Illness Cost Calculator Dataset Summary Description The calculator provides information on the assumptions behind foodborne illness cost estimates and gives you a chance to make your own assumptions and calculate your own cost estimates. This interactive web-based tool allows users to estimate the cost of illness due to specific foodborne pathogens. The updated ERS cost estimate for Shiga-toxin producing E. coli O157 (STEC O157) was added to the Calculator in spring, 2008. Calculator users can now review and change the assumptions behind the ERS cost estimates for either STEC O157 or Salmonella. The assumptions that can be modified include the annual number of cases, the distribution of cases by severity, the use or costs of medical care, the amount or value of time lost from work, the costs of premature death, and the disutility costs for nonfatal cases. Users can also update the cost estimate for inflation for any year from 1997 to 2007.

84

Equitable distribution  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The problem of distributing available resources occurs in a great variety of networks, each with peculiarities of its own. Coal from mines has to be distributed to central dumps and to small yards. Ice cream must be distributed only to refrigerated stores ...

John A. Gosden

1963-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Distribution Screening for Distributed Generation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As the deployment of renewable distributed generation increases, the need for traditional energy providers to interact with these resources increases. Detailed modeling and simulation of the distribution and distributed resources is a critical element to better analyze, understand and predict these interactions. EPRI has developed a tool for such analysis called OpenDSS. In addition, as part of the renewable integration program an applet was created for screening distributed generation (DG). This report ...

2009-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

86

Distribution Workshop  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

On September 24-26, 2012, the GTT presented a workshop on grid integration on the distribution system at the Sheraton Crystal City near Washington, DC.

87

Computationally efficient implementation of combustion chemistry in parallel PDF calculations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In parallel calculations of combustion processes with realistic chemistry, the serial in situ adaptive tabulation (ISAT) algorithm [S.B. Pope, Computationally efficient implementation of combustion chemistry using in situ adaptive tabulation, Combustion ... Keywords: 07.05.Mh, 46.15.-x, 47.11.-j, Combustion chemistry, Distribution strategy, ISAT, Load balance, Parallel calculation

Liuyan Lu; Steven R. Lantz; Zhuyin Ren; Stephen B. Pope

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Distributed Multi-Phase Distribution Power Flow: Modeling, Solution Algorithm and Simulation Results  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With the increasing installation of power electronics and automated devices, the possibilities for distributed control and operation schemes are becoming progressively more attractive and feasible. This paper presents a new method for calculating distribution ...

Michael Kleinberg; Karen Miu; Chika Nwankpa

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

BTRIC - Tools & Calculators - ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Calculators Calculators Attic Radiant Barrier Calculator Low-Slope Roof Calculator for Commercial Buildings (6/05) - estimates annual energy cost savings Moisture Control for Low-Slope Roofing (5/04) - determine if a roof design needs a vapor retarder or if the roofing system can be modified to enhance its tolerance for small leaks Modified Zone Method Roof Savings Calculator (12/12) - for commerical and residential buildings using whole-building energy simulations Solar Reflectance Index (SRI) Calculator (6/06) Steep-Slope Roof Calculator on Residential Buildings (6/05) - estimate annual energy cost savings Whole-Wall R-Value Calculator 2.0 (10/06) ZIP-Code R-Value Recommendation Calculator (1/08) Roofs/Attics Attic Radiant Barrier Fact Sheet (Jan 2011) Cool Roofs Will Revolutionize the Building Industry Fact Sheet

90

Unclassified Distribution  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

63 1 Unclassified Distribution UNIVERSITY :OF CALIFORNU Radiation Lab oratory Contract No, W-7405-eng-48 THE DETECTION OF U T I F I C I B L L Y PRODUCED WOTOMESONS WITH COUNTERS *...

91

Special Distribution  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Special Distribution Special Distribution Issued: December 1977 ',, Radiological Survey and Decontamination of the Former Main Technical Area (TA-1) at Los Alamos, New Mexico Compiled by A. John Ahlquist Alan K. Stoker Linda K. Trocki c laboratory of, the University of California LOS ALAMOS, NEW MEXICO 87545 An Alfirmdve Action/Equal Opportunity Employer ..-_- .-- .--.-. c T -,--... _ _._-r..l __,.. - .-,_.. ..- _._ -- .--. " . . _ . - . c- - . . . _ -. . _ . - . - . _ - - n - _ _~ ~_. __ _ ~~_ --..&e+ L.';; CONTENTS ABSTRACT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .._____ 1 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .._... _._ 2 I. BACKGROUND .............................................. 15

92

2050 Calculator | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

0 Calculator 0 Calculator Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: 2050 Calculator Agency/Company /Organization: United Kingdom Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) Sector: Climate, Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Non-renewable Energy, Biomass, Buildings - Commercial, Buildings - Residential, Economic Development, Geothermal, Greenhouse Gas, Multi-model Integration, Multi-sector Impact Evaluation, Solar, Wind Phase: Evaluate Options, Develop Goals, Prepare a Plan Topics: Analysis Tools, Pathways analysis Resource Type: Online calculator User Interface: Spreadsheet, Website Complexity/Ease of Use: Not Available Website: www.gov.uk/2050-pathways-analysis Country: United Kingdom Web Application Link: 2050-calculator-tool.decc.gov.uk/pathways/1111111111111111111111111111

93

HRA Calculator v. 5.0 BETA  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

HRA Calculator analyzes and calculates human error probabilities in support of probabilistic risk assessments. HRA Calculator takes ...

2013-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

94

EPRI HRA Calculator Version 5.0  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

HRA Calculator analyzes and calculates human error probabilities in support of probabilistic risk assessments. HRA Calculator takes ...

2013-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

95

A Look Inside the Cash Flow Opportunity Calculator: Calculations and  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A Look Inside the Cash Flow Opportunity Calculator: Calculations A Look Inside the Cash Flow Opportunity Calculator: Calculations and Methodology Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In This Section Campaigns Commercial building design Communications resources Energy management guidance Financial resources Portfolio Manager Products and purchasing Recognition Research and reports Service and product provider (SPP) resources

96

Invert Effective Thermal Conductivity Calculation  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this calculation is to evaluate the temperature-dependent effective thermal conductivities of a repository-emplaced invert steel set and surrounding ballast material. The scope of this calculation analyzes a ballast-material thermal conductivity range of 0.10 to 0.70 W/m {center_dot} K, a transverse beam spacing range of 0.75 to 1.50 meters, and beam compositions of A 516 carbon steel and plain carbon steel. Results from this calculation are intended to support calculations that identify waste package and repository thermal characteristics for Site Recommendation (SR). This calculation was developed by Waste Package Department (WPD) under Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (OCRWM) procedure AP-3.12Q, Revision 1, ICN 0, Calculations.

M.J. Anderson; H.M. Wade; T.L. Mitchell

2000-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

97

SHORT CIRCUIT CALCULATION (TEMPORARY POWER)  

SciTech Connect

The purpose and objective of this calculation is to determine the momentary and interrupting duty on the breakers, for 69kV temporary power only.

Yuri Shane

1995-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

98

Calculation of complex DNA damage induced by ions  

SciTech Connect

This paper is devoted to the analysis of the complex damage of DNA irradiated by ions. The assessment of complex damage is important because cells in which it occurs are less likely to survive because the DNA repair mechanisms may not be sufficiently effective. We study the flux of secondary electrons through the surface of nucleosomes and calculate the radial dose and the distribution of clustered damage around the ion's path. The calculated radial dose distribution is compared to simulations. The radial distribution of the complex damage is found to be different from that of the dose. A comparison with experiments may solve the question of what is more lethal for the cell, damage complexity or absorbed energy. We suggest a way to calculate the probability of cell death based on the complexity of the damage. This work is done within the framework of the phenomenon-based multiscale approach to radiation damage by ions.

Surdutovich, Eugene [Department of Physics, Oakland University, Rochester, Michigan 48309 (United States); Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies, Ruth-Moufang-Strasse 1, D-60438 Frankfurt am Main (Germany); Gallagher, David C. [Department of Physics, Oakland University, Rochester, Michigan 48309 (United States); Solov'yov, Andrey V. [Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies, Ruth-Moufang-Strasse 1, D-60438 Frankfurt am Main (Germany)

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

99

Light Meson Distribution Amplitudes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We calculated the first two moments of the light-cone distribution amplitudes for the pseudoscalar mesons ($\\pi$ and $K$) and the longitudinally polarised vector mesons ($\\rho$, $K^*$ and $\\phi$) as part of the UKQCD and RBC collaborations' $N_f=2+1$ domain-wall fermion phenomenology programme. These quantities were obtained with a good precision and, in particular, the expected effects of $SU(3)$-flavour symmetry breaking were observed. Operators were renormalised non-perturbatively and extrapolations to the physical point were made, guided by leading order chiral perturbation theory. The main results presented are for two volumes, $16^3\\times 32$ and $24^3\\times 64$, with a common lattice spacing. Preliminary results for a lattice with a finer lattice spacing, $32^3\\times64$, are discussed and a first look is taken at the use of twisted boundary conditions to extract distribution amplitudes.

R. Arthur; P. A. Boyle; D. Brmmel; M. A. Donnellan; J. M. Flynn; A. Jttner; H. Pedroso de Lima; T. D. Rae; C. T. Sachrajda; B. Samways

2010-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

100

NUCLEAR CALCULATIONS FOR THE PNPF  

SciTech Connect

The reactivity of the Piqua Nuclear Power Facility (PNPF) was calculated at various loadings using a oneregion (with reflector savings), four-group diffusion equation. These calculations were checked with a two-region, four- group FOG calculation. The thermal group constants were obtained with the TEMPEST II-S/sub 4/ procedure, the fast group constants with FORM. The U/sup 238/ resonance integral was adjusted to make the calculations for the critical assembly fit the measurements and the adjusted parameter was used for the PNPF calculations. The minimum critical loading at 360 deg F was calculated to be 20.4 elements, with and excess reactivity of 0.22% (31 cents) for the minimum critical loading of 21 elements. The excess reactivity wss calculated for core loadings of 19, 37, 61, and 85 elements, which result as the outer rings of element positions are filled consecutively. The isothermal temperature coefficient of reactivity was estimated for several core loadings by using the calculated reactivities at 325 deg F and 585 deg F. The values of the coefficient for 21- and 61-element loadings are --4.6 and --4.9 x 10/sup -5/ delta k/ deg F, respectively. The largest coefficient is --5.0 x 10/sup -6/ delta k/ deg F at a loading of 38 elements. The kinetics parameters 1 and BETA /sub eff/ were calculated using the PERT program. The lifetime is 5.23 x 10/sup -5/ seconds at 325 deg F and 5.67 x 10/sup -6/ at 585 deg F. Beta effective ranged from 0.00689 for and 85-element loading at 325 deg F to 0.00728 for a 19-element loading at 585 deg F. A value of 0.0070 was chosen for kinetics calculations. (auth)

Mountford, L.A.; Hume, J.R.

1963-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interchange distribution calculator" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Alaska Village Electric Load Calculator  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

As part of designing a village electric power system, the present and future electric loads must be defined, including both seasonal and daily usage patterns. However, in many cases, detailed electric load information is not readily available. NREL developed the Alaska Village Electric Load Calculator to help estimate the electricity requirements in a village given basic information about the types of facilities located within the community. The purpose of this report is to explain how the load calculator was developed and to provide instructions on its use so that organizations can then use this model to calculate expected electrical energy usage.

Devine, M.; Baring-Gould, E. I.

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

SpaceTime Correlations of Lightning Distributions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lightning location data are used to calculate the autocorrelation function of lightning distributions, which is a function of distances and time intervals between the single lightning events. This function is utilized for the characterization of ...

Ulli Finke

1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Distributed Generation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Untapped Value of Backup Generation Untapped Value of Backup Generation While new guidelines and regulations such as IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers) 1547 have come a long way in addressing interconnection standards for distributed generation, utilities have largely overlooked the untapped potential of these resources. Under certain conditions, these units (primarily backup generators) represent a significant source of power that can deliver utility services at lower costs than traditional centralized solutions. These backup generators exist today in large numbers and provide utilities with another option to reduce peak load, relieve transmission congestion, and improve power reliability. Backup generation is widely deployed across the United States. Carnegie Mellon's Electricity

104

Percent Distribution  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

. . Percent Distribution of Natural Gas Supply and Disposition by State, 1996 Table State Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) Marketed Production Total Consumption Alabama................................................................... 3.02 2.69 1.48 Alaska ...................................................................... 5.58 2.43 2.04 Arizona..................................................................... NA 0 0.55 Arkansas.................................................................. 0.88 1.12 1.23 California.................................................................. 1.25 1.45 8.23 Colorado .................................................................. 4.63 2.90 1.40 Connecticut.............................................................. 0 0 0.58 D.C...........................................................................

105

On Rayleigh Optical Depth Calculations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many different techniques are used for the calculation of Rayleigh optical depth in the atmosphere. In some cases differences among these techniques can be important, especially in the UV region of the spectrum and under clean atmospheric ...

Barry A. Bodhaine; Norman B. Wood; Ellsworth G. Dutton; James R. Slusser

1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Energy Distribution of a Charged Regular Black Hole  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We calculate the energy distribution of a charged regular black hole by using the energy-momentum complexes of Einstein and M{\\o}ller.

Irina Radinschi

2000-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

107

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: Popolo Utility Load Calculation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Popolo Utility Load Calculation Popolo Utility Load Calculation Popolo Utility Load Calculation is a collection of classes for calculating various heat transfer phenomena. The routines have been written from scratch in C#, and present a modern Applications Programming Interface (API) for .NET Framework programmers, allowing wrappers to be written for very high level languages. It contains classes to calculate solid conduction, convective heat transfer near wall surfaces, air ventilation, radiative heat balance of wall surfaces, transmitted solar radiation through a window, and so on. Users should build up these classes to simulate a whole complex building system. A sample source code to build test cases of BESTEST are provided. Since all the source code is distributed under the GNU General Public License, they can be freely

108

NREL: Energy Analysis - Levelized Cost of Energy Calculator  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Levelized Cost of Energy Calculator Levelized Cost of Energy Calculator Transparent Cost Database Button The levelized cost of energy (LCOE) calculator provides a simple calculator for both utility-scale and distributed generation (DG) renewable energy technologies that compares the combination of capital costs, operations and maintenance (O&M), performance, and fuel costs. Note that this does not include financing issues, discount issues, future replacement, or degradation costs. Each of these would need to be included for a thorough analysis. To estimate simple cost of energy, use the slider controls or enter values directly to adjust the values. The calculator will return the LCOE expressed in cents per kilowatt-hour (kWh). The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Federal Energy Management Program

109

PRIMARY SHIELDING CALCULATIONS ON THE IBM 650 (ROC CODES)  

SciTech Connect

Four programs written for the IBM 650 to calculate the gamma dose rates in the primary shielding of thermal reactors are described. Their functions are outlined as follows: Program 651-calculates the core attenuation coefficient and equivalent core gamma volumetric source values for a specific core. Program 652- calculates the activation gamma source data in the shield and prepares tabular data in machine storage for Programs 653 and 654. Program 653- calculates the gamma dose rates in the shield due to gammas arising from activation of shield materials. Program 654calculates the gamma dose rates in the shield due to gammas arising in the core. Gamma photo source values are obtained on the basis of two group neutron flux distributions throughout the reactor core and shield. (W.D.M.)

Rosen, S.S.; Oby, P.V.; Caton, R.L.

1958-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

110

Distribution Category:  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

- - Distribution Category: Remedial Action and Decommissioning Program (UC-70A) DOE/EV-0005/48 ANL-OHS/HP-84-104 ARGONNE NATIONAL LABORATORY 9700 South Cass Avenue Argonne, Illinois 60439 FORMERLY UTILIZED MXD/AEC SITES REMEDIAL ACTION PROGRAM RADIOLOGICAL SURVEY OF THE HARSHAW CHEMICAL COMPANY CLEVELAND. OHIO Prepared by R. A. Wynveen Associate Division Director, OHS W. H. Smith Senior Health Physicist C. M. Sholeen Health Physicist A. L. Justus Health Physicist K. F. Flynn Health Physicist Radiological Survey Group Health Physics Section Occupational Health and Safety Division April 1984 Work Performed under Budget Activity DOE KN-03-60-40 and ANL 73706 iii PREFACE AND EXECUTIVE SUMMARY This is one in a series of reports resulting from a program initiated

111

Percent Distribution  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

. . Percent Distribution of Natural Gas Delivered to Consumers by State, 1996 Table State Residential Commercial Industrial Vehicle Fuel Electric Utilities Alabama..................................... 1.08 0.92 2.27 0.08 0.23 Alaska ........................................ 0.31 0.87 0.85 - 1.16 Arizona....................................... 0.53 0.92 0.30 3.91 0.70 Arkansas.................................... 0.88 0.98 1.59 0.11 1.24 California.................................... 9.03 7.44 7.82 43.11 11.64 Colorado .................................... 2.12 2.18 0.94 0.58 0.20 Connecticut................................ 0.84 1.26 0.37 1.08 0.38 D.C............................................. 0.33 0.52 - 0.21 - Delaware.................................... 0.19 0.21 0.16 0.04 0.86 Florida........................................

112

Parton distributions.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-section for the virtual photon-proton interaction can be written in the factorized form ?(ep ? eX) = ? i CDISi (x, ?s(Q2))? fi(x,Q2) where Q2 is the photon virtuality, x = Q22m? , the mo- mentum fraction of parton (?=energy transfer in the lab frame), and the fi(x,Q2... distribution comes from inclusive jet measure- ments by D0 and CDF at Tevatron. They mea- 0 50 100 -1 -0.8 -0.6 -0.4 -0.2 0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1 Dc 2 k Valence quarks Figure 6. ??2 against the isospin violating parameter ?. sure d?/dET d? for central rapidity CDF...

Thorne, Robert S

113

^y&jj ( Second Edition) Calculation ofPlate Temperatures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

calculations. 8 4. The D.O temperature rise by passing through the cooling channels 10 5. The total thermoV/fission The total energy absorption in the fuel tubes is consequently estimated at 175,9 MeV per fission, which. The flow distribution between the S cooling channels i

114

Comparative Calculations of Solubility Equilibria  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The uncertainties in calculated solubilities in the Na-F-PO{sub 4}-HPO{sub 4}-OH system. at 25 C for NaOH concentrations up to 5 mol/kg were assessed. These uncertainties were based on an evaluation of the range of values for the Gibbs energies of the solids. Comparative calculations using the Environmental Simulation Program (ESP) and SOLGASMIX indicated that the variation in activity coefficients with NaOH concentration is much greater in the ESP code than in SOLGASMIX. This resulted in ESP calculating a higher solubility in water and a lower solubility in NaOH concentrations above 1 mol/kg: There was a marked discrepancy in the solubilities of the pure components sodium fluoride and trisodium phosphate predicted by ESP and SOLGASMIX. In addition, different solubilities for these components were obtained using different options in ESP. Because of these observations, a Best Practices Guide for ESP will be assembled.

Beahm, E.C.

2000-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

115

Power Line Calculator for Windows[trademark  

SciTech Connect

The Power Line Calculator (PLC) for Windows [trademark], version 1.0, is a program that describes the electrical characteristics of a transmission or distribution system given user-defined input. This input may consist of a combination of operating currents and phases, symmetric components, power factor, and real or reactive power. The program also allows the user to designate whether currents are present on the system neutral or in the ground. The PLC assumes that any value entered by the user remains fixed (e.g., phase current, power factor), and for underdetermined systems, basic default assumptions are incorporated: the power factor is held at or near 1.0, the net phase current is kept at or near zero, and the phase conductor currents are kept balanced. The program operates through a graphical user interface provided by Microsoft[reg sign] Windows [trademark] (version 3.1 or higher required), and the output is available in both tabular and graphic formats.

Silva, J.M. (Enertech Consultants, Campbell, CA (United States))

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Parton distributions from the lattice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I review the current status of lattice calculations for two selected observables related to nucleon structure: the second moment of the unpolarized parton distribution, (u-d), and the first moment of the polarized parton distribution, the non-singlet axial coupling gA. The major challenge is the requirement to extract them sufficiently close to the chiral limit. In the former case, there still remains a puzzling disagreement between lattice data and experiment. For the latter quantity, however, we may be close to obtaining its value from the lattice in the immediate future.

Wolfram Schroers

2005-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

117

Sensitivity of PDR Calculations to Microphysical Details  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Our understanding of physical processes in Photodissociation regions or Photon Dominated Regions (PDRs) largely depends on the ability of spectral synthesis codes to reproduce the observed infrared emission-line spectrum. In this paper, we explore the sensitivity of a single PDR model to microphysical details. Our calculations use the Cloudy spectral synthesis code, recently modified to include a wealth of PDR physical processes. We show how the chemical/thermal structure of a PDR, along with the calculated spectrum, changes when the treatment of physical processes such as grain physics and atomic/molecular rates are varied. We find a significant variation in the intensities of PDR emission lines, depending on different treatments of the grain physics. We also show how different combinations of the cosmic-ray ionization rate, inclusion of grain-atom/ion charge transfer, and the grain size distribution can lead to very similar results for the chemical structure. Additionally, our results show the utility of Cloudy for the spectral modeling of molecular environments.

N. P. Abel; P. A. M. van Hoof; G. Shaw; G. J. Ferland; T. Elwert

2008-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

118

EIA - Coal Distribution  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual Coal Distribution Report > Annual Coal Distribution Archives Annual Coal Distribution Archive Release Date: February 17, 2011 Next Release Date: December 2011 Domestic coal...

119

AGING FACILITY CRITICALITY SAFETY CALCULATIONS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this design calculation is to revise and update the previous criticality calculation for the Aging Facility (documented in BSC 2004a). This design calculation will also demonstrate and ensure that the storage and aging operations to be performed in the Aging Facility meet the criticality safety design criteria in the ''Project Design Criteria Document'' (Doraswamy 2004, Section 4.9.2.2), and the functional nuclear criticality safety requirement described in the ''SNF Aging System Description Document'' (BSC [Bechtel SAIC Company] 2004f, p. 3-12). The scope of this design calculation covers the systems and processes for aging commercial spent nuclear fuel (SNF) and staging Department of Energy (DOE) SNF/High-Level Waste (HLW) prior to its placement in the final waste package (WP) (BSC 2004f, p. 1-1). Aging commercial SNF is a thermal management strategy, while staging DOE SNF/HLW will make loading of WPs more efficient (note that aging DOE SNF/HLW is not needed since these wastes are not expected to exceed the thermal limits form emplacement) (BSC 2004f, p. 1-2). The description of the changes in this revised document is as follows: (1) Include DOE SNF/HLW in addition to commercial SNF per the current ''SNF Aging System Description Document'' (BSC 2004f). (2) Update the evaluation of Category 1 and 2 event sequences for the Aging Facility as identified in the ''Categorization of Event Sequences for License Application'' (BSC 2004c, Section 7). (3) Further evaluate the design and criticality controls required for a storage/aging cask, referred to as MGR Site-specific Cask (MSC), to accommodate commercial fuel outside the content specification in the Certificate of Compliance for the existing NRC-certified storage casks. In addition, evaluate the design required for the MSC that will accommodate DOE SNF/HLW. This design calculation will achieve the objective of providing the criticality safety results to support the preliminary design of the Aging Facility. As the ongoing design evolution remains fluid, the results from this design calculation should be evaluated for applicability to any new or modified design. Consequently, the results presented in this document are limited to the current design. The information contained in this document was developed by Environmental and Nuclear Engineering and is intended for the use of Design and Engineering in its work regarding the various criticality related activities performed in the Aging Facility. Yucca Mountain Project personnel from Environmental and Nuclear Engineering should be consulted before the use of the information for purposes other than those stated herein or use by individuals other than authorized personnel in Design and Engineering.

C.E. Sanders

2004-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

120

Equilibrium surface distributions for constant energy ensembles B. I. Henry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Equilibrium surface distributions for constant energy ensembles B. I. Henry Department of Applied distributions are seen [11,12]. In this paper we shall discuss how one calculates the constant energy energy en­ semble are discussed. An equilibrium surface density is introduced and used to calculate

Henry, Bruce Ian

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interchange distribution calculator" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Low Dose Radiation Research Program: Low-LET Microdosimetry Calculations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Low-LET Microdosimetry Calculations Low-LET Microdosimetry Calculations Authors: W.E. Wilson, J.H. Miller, D.J. Lynch, R.R. Lewis and M. Batdorf Institutions: Washington State University, Richland, WA, USA Liquid Model Calculations of low-linear-transfer (LET) microdosimetry have been extended to condensed phase by introducing new modules into the PITS code suite. Probability tables for inelastic interactions are constructed using the Dingfelder-GSF model for liquid-water cross-sections. Dingfelder et al. 1 re-evaluated low-energy electron interactions in liquid water in terms of five excitation and five ionization channels, and without assuming any collective interactions (plasmons). We use Dingfelder’s algorithms to calculate differential energy-loss distributions for the ten channels; by

122

Calculation of heating values for the high flux isotope reactor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Calculating the amount of energy released by a fission reaction (fission Q value) and the heating rate distribution in a nuclear reactor is an important part of the safety analysis. However, these calculations can become very complex. One of the codes that can be used for this type of analyses is the Monte Carlo transport code MCNP5. Currently it is impossible to calculate the Q value and heating rate disposition for delayed beta and delayed gamma particles directly from MCNP5. The purpose of this paper is to outline a rigorous method for indirectly calculating the Q values and heating rates in the High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR), based on previous similar studies carried out for very high-temperature reactor configurations. This method has been applied in this study to calculate heating rates for the beginning of cycle (BOC) and end-of-cycle (EOC) states of HFIR. In addition, the BOC results obtained for HFIR are compared with corresponding results for the Advanced Test Reactor. The fission Q value for HFIR was calculated as 200.2 MeV for the BOC and 201.3 MeV for the EOC. It was also determined that 95.1% and 95.4% of the heat was deposited within the HFIR fuel plates for the BOC and EOC models, respectively. This methodology can also be used for heating rate calculations for HFIR experiments. (authors)

Peterson, J.; Ilas, G. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory, 1 Bethel Valley Road, Oak Ridge, TN 37831-6172 (United States)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Calculation of Heating Values for the High Flux Isotope Reactor  

SciTech Connect

Calculating the amount of energy released by a fission reaction (fission Q value) and the heating rate distribution in a nuclear reactor is an important part of the safety analysis. However, these calculations can become very complex. One of the codes that can be used for this type of analyses is the Monte Carlo transport code MCNP5. Currently it is impossible to calculate the Q value and heating rate disposition for delayed beta and delayed gamma particles directly from MCNP5. The purpose of this paper is to outline a rigorous method for indirectly calculating the Q values and heating rates in the High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR), based on previous similar studies carried out for very high-temperature reactor configurations. This method has been applied in this study to calculate heating rates for the beginning of cycle (BOC) and end-of-cycle (EOC) states of HFIR. In addition, the BOC results obtained for HFIR are compared with corresponding results for the Advanced Test Reactor. The fission Q value for HFIR was calculated as 200.2 MeV for the BOC and 201.3 MeV for the EOC. It was also determined that 95.1% and 95.4% of the heat was deposited within the HFIR fuel plates for the BOC and EOC models, respectively. This methodology can also be used for heating rate calculations for HFIR experiments.

Peterson, Joshua L [ORNL; Ilas, Germina [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Computationally efficient implementation of combustion chemistry in parallel PDF calculations  

SciTech Connect

In parallel calculations of combustion processes with realistic chemistry, the serial in situ adaptive tabulation (ISAT) algorithm [S.B. Pope, Computationally efficient implementation of combustion chemistry using in situ adaptive tabulation, Combustion Theory and Modelling, 1 (1997) 41-63; L. Lu, S.B. Pope, An improved algorithm for in situ adaptive tabulation, Journal of Computational Physics 228 (2009) 361-386] substantially speeds up the chemistry calculations on each processor. To improve the parallel efficiency of large ensembles of such calculations in parallel computations, in this work, the ISAT algorithm is extended to the multi-processor environment, with the aim of minimizing the wall clock time required for the whole ensemble. Parallel ISAT strategies are developed by combining the existing serial ISAT algorithm with different distribution strategies, namely purely local processing (PLP), uniformly random distribution (URAN), and preferential distribution (PREF). The distribution strategies enable the queued load redistribution of chemistry calculations among processors using message passing. They are implemented in the software x2f{sub m}pi, which is a Fortran 95 library for facilitating many parallel evaluations of a general vector function. The relative performance of the parallel ISAT strategies is investigated in different computational regimes via the PDF calculations of multiple partially stirred reactors burning methane/air mixtures. The results show that the performance of ISAT with a fixed distribution strategy strongly depends on certain computational regimes, based on how much memory is available and how much overlap exists between tabulated information on different processors. No one fixed strategy consistently achieves good performance in all the regimes. Therefore, an adaptive distribution strategy, which blends PLP, URAN and PREF, is devised and implemented. It yields consistently good performance in all regimes. In the adaptive parallel ISAT strategy, the type and extent of redistribution is determined 'on the fly' based on the prediction of future simulation time. Compared to the PLP/ISAT strategy where chemistry calculations are essentially serial, a speed-up factor of up to 30 is achieved. The study also demonstrates that the adaptive strategy has acceptable parallel scalability.

Lu Liuyan [Sibley School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Cornell University, Upson Hall 245, Ithaca, NY 14853 (United States)], E-mail: lu.liuyan@gmail.com; Lantz, Steven R. [Center for Advanced Computing, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853 (United States); Ren Zhuyin; Pope, Stephen B. [Sibley School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Cornell University, Upson Hall 245, Ithaca, NY 14853 (United States)

2009-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

125

Excited State Effects in Nucleon Matrix Element Calculations  

SciTech Connect

We perform a high-statistics precision calculation of nucleon matrix elements using an open sink method allowing us to explore a wide range of sink-source time separations. In this way the influence of excited states of nucleon matrix elements can be studied. As particular examples we present results for the nucleon axial charge g{sub A} and for the first moment of the isovector unpolarized parton distribution x{sub u-d}. In addition, we report on preliminary results using the generalized eigenvalue method for nucleon matrix elements. All calculations are performed using N{sub f} = 2+1+1 maximally twisted mass Wilson fermions.

Constantia Alexandrou, Martha Constantinou, Simon Dinter, Vincent Drach, Karl Jansen, Theodoros Leontiou, Dru B Renner

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

NERSC Calculations Provide Independent Confirmation of Global...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NERSC Calculations Provide Independent Confirmation of Global Land Warming Since 1901 NERSC Calculations Provide Independent Confirmation of Global Land Warming Since 1901...

127

Federal Energy Management Program: Energy Savings Calculator...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Savings Calculator for Commercial Boilers (Closed Loop, Space Heating Applications Only) This cost calculator is a screening tool that estimates a product's lifetime energy cost...

128

Hybrid Car Calculator | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hybrid Car Calculator Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Hybrid Car Calculator AgencyCompany Organization: New American Dream Phase: "Evaluate Options and Determine...

129

Parton content of the nucleon from distribution amplitudes and transition distribution amplitudes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The nucleon distribution amplitudes and the nucleon-to-pion transition distribution amplitudes are investigated at leading twist within the frame of a light-cone quark model. The distribution amplitudes probe the three-quark component of the nucleon light-cone wave function, while higher order components in the Fock-space expansion of the nucleon state are essential to describe the nucleon-to-pion transition distribution amplitudes. Adopting a meson-cloud model of the nucleon the nucleon-to-pion transition distribution amplitudes are calculated for the first time.

B. Pasquini; M. Pincetti; S. Boffi

2009-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

130

Definition: Interchange Transaction | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Balancing Authority, smart grid References Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An inl LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. ine...

131

Definition: Implemented Interchange | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Balancing Authority, smart grid References Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An inl LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. ine...

132

Consolidated periphery : commercial and highway interchange  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Highway expansion legislation has been a significant catalyst for suburban development. Initially funded for military mobilization in the 1930s , later massively extended in the 1950s, today's highway system, together with ...

McGrath, Christine L. (Christine Lynn)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Energy Calculator- Common Units and Conversions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Calculator - Common Units and Conversions Energy Calculator - Common Units and Conversions Calculators for Energy Used in the United States: Coal Electricity Natural Gas Crude Oil Gasoline Diesel & Heating Oil Coal Conversion Calculator Short Tons Btu Megajoules Metric Tons Clear Calculate 1 Short Ton = 20,169,000 Btu (based on U.S. consumption, 2007) Electricity Conversion Calculator KilowattHours Btu Megajoules million Calories Clear Calculate 1 KilowattHour = 3,412 Btu Natural Gas Conversion Calculator Cubic Feet Btu Megajoules Cubic Meters Clear Calculate 1 Cubic Foot = 1,028 Btu (based on U.S. consumption, 2007); 1 therm = 100,000 Btu; 1 terajoule = 1,000,000 megajoules Crude Oil Conversion Calculator Barrels Btu Megajoules Metric Tons* Clear Calculate 1 Barrel = 42 U.S. gallons = 5,800,000 Btu (based on U.S. consumption,

134

Model for Calculating Photosynthetic Photon Flux Densities in Forest Openings on Slopes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A model has been developed to calculate the spatial distribution of the photosynthetic photon flux density (PPFD) in elliptical forest openings of given slopes and orientations. The PPFD is separated into direct and diffuse components. The direct ...

Jing M. Chen; T. Andrew Black; David T. Price; Reid E. Carter

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Dose measurements and calculations in the epithermal neutron beam at the Brookhaven Medical Research Reactor (BMRR)  

SciTech Connect

The characteristics of the epithermal neutron beam at BMRR were measured, calculated, and reported. This beam has already been used for animal irradiations. We anticipate that it will be used for clinical trials. Thermal and epithermal neutron flux densities distributions, and dose rate distributions, as a function of depth were measured in a lucite dog-head phantom. Monte Carlo calculations were performed and compared with the measured values. 2 refs., 4 figs., 1 tab.

Fairchild, R.G.; Greenberg, D.; Kamen, Y.; Fiarman, S. (Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (USA). Medical Dept.); Benary, V. (Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (USA). Medical Dept. Tel Aviv Univ. (Israel)); Kalef-Ezra, J. (Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (USA). Medical Dept. Ioannina Univ. (Greece)); Wielopolski, L. (Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (USA). Medical Dept. State Univ. of New

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Shielding calculations at dismantled synchrocyclotron  

SciTech Connect

The Space Radiation Effects Laboratory located in Newport News, Virginia, was operated by the College of William and Mary for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. A synchrocyclotron which was formerly in operation in this building was removed in 1980. At several locations, the scattered radiation caused an induced radioactivity within the walls of the cyclotron room. A radiological survey has been performed to determine the amount of residual radioactivity on the walls. Calculations were performed to determine the thickness of the concrete walls and floor for shielding the residual radiation in the cyclotron room. Recommendations are made to minimize exposures from the residual radioactivity on the walls and floor of the cyclotron room to potential occupants working in the building. 19 refs., 1 fig., 2 tabs.

Yalcintas, M.G.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

FLAG-SGH Sedov calculations  

SciTech Connect

We did not run with a 'cylindrically painted region'. However, we did compute two general variants of the original problem. Refinement studies where a single zone at each level of refinement contains the entire internal energy at t=0 or A 'finite' energy source which has the same physical dimensions as that for the 91 x 46 mesh, but consisting of increasing numbers of zones with refinement. Nominal mesh resolution: 91 x 46. Other mesh resolutions: 181 x 92 and 361 x 184. Note, not identical to the original specification. To maintain symmetry for the 'fixed' energy source, the mesh resolution was adjusted slightly. FLAG Lagrange or full (Eulerian) ALE was used with various options for each simulation. Observation - for either Lagrange or ALE, point or 'fixed' source, calculations converge on density and pressure with mesh resolution, but not energy, (not vorticity either).

Fung, Jimmy [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Schofield, Sam [LLNL; Shashkov, Mikhail J. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

138

Interruption Cost Estimate Calculator | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Interruption Cost Estimate Calculator Interruption Cost Estimate Calculator Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Interruption Cost Estimate (ICE) Calculator Agency/Company /Organization: Freeman, Sullivan & Co. Sector: Energy Focus Area: Grid Assessment and Integration, Energy Efficiency Resource Type: Online calculator, Software/modeling tools User Interface: Website Website: icecalculator.com/ Country: United States Cost: Free Northern America References: [1] Logo: Interruption Cost Estimate (ICE) Calculator This calculator is a tool designed for electric reliability planners at utilities, government organizations or other entities that are interested in estimating interruption costs and/or the benefits associated with reliability improvements. About The Interruption Cost Estimate (ICE) Calculator is an electric reliability

139

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vehicle Cost Calculator  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Vehicle Cost Vehicle Cost Calculator to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vehicle Cost Calculator on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vehicle Cost Calculator on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vehicle Cost Calculator on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vehicle Cost Calculator on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vehicle Cost Calculator on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vehicle Cost Calculator on AddThis.com... Vehicle Cost Calculator Vehicle Cost Calculator This tool uses basic information about your driving habits to calculate total cost of ownership and emissions for makes and models of most vehicles, including alternative fuel and advanced technology vehicles. Also

140

Energy Input Output Calculator | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Input Output Calculator Input Output Calculator Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Energy Input-Output Calculator Agency/Company /Organization: Department of Energy Sector: Energy Focus Area: Energy Efficiency Resource Type: Online calculator User Interface: Website Website: www2.eere.energy.gov/analysis/iocalc/Default.aspx Web Application Link: www2.eere.energy.gov/analysis/iocalc/Default.aspx OpenEI Keyword(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Tools Language: English References: EERE Energy Input-Output Calculator[1] The Energy Input-Output Calculator (IO Calculator) allows users to estimate the economic development impacts from investments in alternate electricity generating technologies. About the Calculator The Energy Input-Output Calculator (IO Calculator) allows users to estimate

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interchange distribution calculator" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

HRA Calculator Version 4.2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

HRA Calculator analyzes and calculates human error probabilities in support of probabilistic risk assessments. HRA Calculator takes a 8220toolboxapproach that uses a variety of HRA methods. The PRA Tools / HRA Calculator User Group was formed in 2000 to address the industryneed for HRA tools and to encourage consistency in HRA results. Version 4.2 adds value by expanding the HRA Calculator methods applied, overcoming past limitations on particular parameters, improving the dependency analysis features, ...

2010-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

142

HRA Calculator, Version 4.21 DEMO  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

HRA Calculator analyzes and calculates human error probabilities in support of probabilistic risk assessments. HRA Calculator takes a toolbox approach that uses a variety of HRA methods. The PRA Tools / HRA Calculator User Group was formed in 2000 to address the industrys need for HRA tools and to encourage consistency in HRA results. Version 4.21 adds value by expanding the HRA Calculator methods applied, overcoming past limitations on particular parameters, improving the ...

2013-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

143

Pretzelosity distribution function  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The 'pretzelosity' distribution is discussed. Theoretical properties, model results, and perspectives to access experimental information on this leading twist, transverse momentum dependent parton distribution function are reviewed. Its relation to helicity and transversity distributions is highlighted.

H. Avakian; A. V. Efremov; P. Schweitzer; F. Yuan

2008-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

144

On parton distributions in a photon gas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In some cases it may be useful to know parton distributions in a photon gas. This may be relevant, e.g., for the analysis of interactions of high energy cosmic ray particles with the cosmic microwave background radiation. The latter can be considered as a gas of photons with an almost perfect blackbody spectrum. An approach to finding such parton distributions is described. The survival probability of ultra-high energy neutrinos traveling through this radiation is calculated.

I. Alikhanov

2008-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

145

Annual Coal Distribution Report  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Annual Coal Distribution Report Release Date: December 19, 2013 | Next Release Date: November 2014 | full report | RevisionCorrection Revision to the Annual Coal Distribution...

146

Smart Distribution Applications for Distributed Energy Resources  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

P180.014 Smart Distribution Applications for Distributed Energy Resources (070625)The factors listed below all support the proliferation of Distributed Generating (DG) units in electric utility systems. The growing rate of DG deployment suggests that alternative energy-based solutions play an increasingly important role in the smart grid and modern utility.Deregulation of the electric utility industry in some countriesEnvironmental ...

2013-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

147

Study of the longitudinal distribution of power generated in a random distributed feedback Raman fibre laser with unidirectional pumping  

SciTech Connect

The longitudinal distribution of the Stokes-component power in a Raman fibre laser with a random distributed feedback and unidirectional pumping is measured. The fibre parameters (linear loss and Rayleigh backscattering coefficient) are calculated based on the distributions obtained. A numerical model is developed to describe the lasing power distribution. The simulation results are in good agreement with the experimental data. (optical fibres, lasers and amplifiers. properties and applications)

Churkin, D V; El-Taher, A E; Vatnik, I D; Babin, Sergei A

2012-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

148

Systematic Tendency Error in Budget Calculations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Atmospheric budget calculations suffer from various observational and numerical errors. This paper demonstrates that all budget calculations applied to a large number of samples suffer from additional errors originating from systematic tendency ...

Masao Kanamitsu; Suranjana Saha

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: Duct Calculator  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Duct Calculator Duct Calculator Duct Calculator logo. Provides access to duct calculation and sizing capabilities either as a standalone Windows program or from within the Autodesk Building Mechanical, the new HVAC-oriented version of AutoCAD. Based on the engineering data and procedures outlined in the ASHRAE Fundamentals Handbook Calculation Methods, Duct Calculator features an advanced and fully interactive user interface. Slide controls for air flow, velocity, friction and duct size provide real-time, interactive feedback; as you spin one, the others dynamically respond in real time. When used with Autodesk Building Mechanical, Duct Calculator streamlines the design process by automatically re-sizing whole branches of ductwork. Screen Shots Keywords duct-sizing, design, engineering, calculation

150

Vehicle Cost Calculator | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Vehicle Cost Calculator Vehicle Cost Calculator Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Vehicle Cost Calculator Agency/Company /Organization: National Renewable Energy Laboratory Sector: Energy Focus Area: Transportation Phase: Evaluate Options Resource Type: Online calculator User Interface: Website Website: www.afdc.energy.gov/calc/ Web Application Link: www.afdc.energy.gov/calc/ OpenEI Keyword(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Tools Language: English References: Vehicle Cost Calculator[1] Logo: Vehicle Cost Calculator Calculate the total cost of ownership and emissions for makes and models of most vehicles, including alternative fuel and advanced technology vehicles. Overview This tool uses basic information about your driving habits to calculate

151

SPC/E Water Reference Calculations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

SPC/E Water Reference Calculations - Ewald Summation. In ... 5. Sample Configurations of SPC/E Water Molecules. Four ...

2013-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

152

GEOCITY: a computer code for calculating costs of district heating using geothermal resources  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

GEOCITY is a computer simulation model developed to study the economics of district heating using geothermal energy. GEOCITY calculates the cost of district heating based on climate, population, resource characteristics, and financing conditions. The principal input variables are minimum temperature, heating degree days, population size and density, resource temperature and distance from load center, and the interest rate. From this input data the model designs the transmission and district heating systems. From this design, GEOCITY calculates the capital and operating costs for the entire system, including the production and disposal of the geothermal water. GEOCITY consists of two major submodels: the geothermal reservoir model and the distribution system model. The distribution system model calculates the cost of heat by simulating the design and the operation of the district heating system. The reservoir model calculates the cost of energy by simulating the discovery, development and operation of a geothermal resource and the transmission of this energy to a distribution center.

McDonald, C.L.; Bloomster, C.H.; Schulte, S.C.

1977-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Status Report of NNLO QCD Calculations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We review recent progress in next-to-next-to-leading order (NNLO) perturbative QCD calculations with special emphasis on results ready for phenomenological applications. Important examples are new results on structure functions and jet or Higgs boson production. In addition, we describe new calculational techniques based on twistors and their potential for efficient calculations of multiparticle amplitudes.

Klasen, Michael [Institute for Nuclear Theory, University of Washington, Box 351550, Seattle, WA 98195-1550 (United States)

2005-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

154

Quasi-parallel network applications in real-time distribution management system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In modern distribution management systems (DMSs), the real-time calculation of the network's state plays an important role for the operation of the network. High sophisticated algorithms for the estimation and calculation of the system's ...

Izudin Dzafic; Hans-Theo Neisius

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Distributions of Liquid, Vapor, and Ice in an Orographic Cloud from Field Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The phase distribution of the water mass of a cold orographic cloud into vapor, liquid, and ice is calculated from measurements made from an instrumented aircraft. The vapor values are calculated from thermodynamic measurements, and the liquid is ...

Taneil Uttal; Robert M. Rauber; Lewis O. Grant

1988-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Harmonic Analysis Errors in Calculating Dipole,  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Harmonic Analysis Errors in Calculating Dipole, Harmonic Analysis Errors in Calculating Dipole, Quadrupole, and Sextupole Magnets using POISSON Ro be rt J. La ri<::::R~ i. September 10, 1985 Introduction LS-32 The computer program POISSON was used to calculate the dipole, quadru- pole, and sextupole magnets of the 6 GeV electron storage ring. A trinagular mesh must first be generated by LATTICE. The triangle size is varied over the "universe" at the discretion of the user. This note describes a series of test calculations that were made to help the user decide on the size of the mesh to reduce the harmonic field calculation errors. A conformal transfor- mation of a multipole magnet into a dipole reduces these errors. Dipole Magnet Calculations A triangular mesh used to calculate a "perfect" dipole magnet is shown in

157

Chalmers Climate Calculator | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Chalmers Climate Calculator Chalmers Climate Calculator Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Chalmers Climate Calculator Agency/Company /Organization: Chalmers University of Technology Sector: Energy, Land Topics: Baseline projection, Co-benefits assessment, GHG inventory, Pathways analysis Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Website Website: dhcp2-pc011134.fy.chalmers.se Cost: Free Chalmers Climate Calculator Screenshot References: Chalmers Climate Calculator[1] Logo: Chalmers Climate Calculator " In the Chalmers Climate Calculator the user can decide on when and how fast emissions of CO2 are reduced and what this emissions scenario implies in terms of CO2 concentration and global average surface temperature change. The climate sensitivity and the net aerosol forcing in year 2005

158

A Distribution Law for Free-Tropospheric Relative Humidity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The probability distribution of local relative humidity R in the free troposphere is explored by comparing a simple theoretical calculation with observations from the global positioning system (GPS) and the Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS). The ...

Steven C. Sherwood; E. Robert Kursinski; William G. Read

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Distribution of particles which produces a desired radiation pattern  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A method is given for calculation of a distribution of small particles, embedded in a medium, so that the resulting medium would have a desired radiation pattern for the plane wave scattering by this medium.

A. G. Ramm

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Coal Distribution Database, 2006  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2009 Final February 2011 2 Overview of 2009 Coal Distribution Tables Introduction The Coal Distribution Report - Annual provides detailed information on domestic coal distribution by origin state, destination state, consumer category, and method of transportation. Also provided is a summary of foreign coal distribution by coal-producing State. This Final 2009 Coal Distribution Report - Annual, supersedes the data contained in the four Quarterly Coal Distribution Reports previously issued for 2009. This report relies on the most current data available from EIA's various monthly, quarterly and annual surveys of the coal industry and electric power generation industry. In addition, the report

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interchange distribution calculator" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Energy Distribution of a Black Hole Solution in Heterotic String Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We calculate the energy distribution of a charged black hole solution in heterotic string theory in the M{\\o}ller prescription.

I. Radinschi

2003-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

162

The Distribution of Surface Fluxes and Boundary Layer Divergence in Midlatitude Ocean Storms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Surface meteorological observations have been used to calculate the distributions of surface fluxes of momentum, sensible heat, and latent heat and the distributions of surface divergence and curl of surface stress which are characteristic of ...

Robert G. Fleagle; Wendell A. Nuss

1985-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

A new method for the calculation of photodissociation cross sections  

SciTech Connect

A time-independent quantum mechanical approach to the calculation of photodissociation cross sections is developed. The method is based on the use of a discrete variable representation (DVR) and the application of absorbing boundary conditions (ABC). Both total photodissociation cross sections and partial cross sections (hence product state distributions) are obtained using the same basic technique, but the calculation is particularly efficient when only the former quantity is required. The method is applied to the photodissociation of HCl[sup +] for which accurate potential energy curves and dipole moment functions are available, to the photodissociation of ClCN which is a direct process, involving a single excited electronic state, and to the photodissociation of ICN which involves several strongly coupled excited electronic states. The applicability of the suggested scheme to a variety of other field--matter interaction processes is pointed out.

Seideman, T. (Department of Chemistry, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States))

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Coal Distribution Database, 2006  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Domestic Distribution of U.S. Coal by Origin State, Domestic Distribution of U.S. Coal by Origin State, Consumer, Destination and Method of Transportation, 2009 Final February 2011 2 Overview of 2009 Coal Distribution Tables Introduction The Coal Distribution Report - Annual provides detailed information on domestic coal distribution by origin state, destination state, consumer category, and method of transportation. Also provided is a summary of foreign coal distribution by coal-producing State. This Final 2009 Coal Distribution Report - Annual, supersedes the data contained in the four Quarterly Coal Distribution Reports previously issued for 2009. This report relies on the most current data available from EIA's various monthly, quarterly and annual surveys

165

Raindrop Size Distribution  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper reviews some of the published results relating to raindrop-size distributions and couples this with some of the authors' results in order to show that the mathematical description of the distribution can be divided into three ...

M. C. Hodson

1986-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Transversity Parton Distribution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transversity distribution is one of the three fundamental parton distributions that completely describe polarized spin 1/2 nucleon. Its chiral odd nature prevented for many years its experimental exploration, however presently we have obtained great deal of information about this distribution. This includes experimental data from Semi Inclusive Deep Inelastic Scattering, knowledge of scale dependence and phenomenological extractions. I will discuss main features of this distribution and indicate the future improvements of our knowledge.

Alexei Prokudin

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Some Calculations for Cold Fusion Superheavy Elements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Q value and optimal exciting energy of the hypothetical superheavy nuclei in cold fusion reaction are calculated with relativistic mean field model and semiemperical shell model mass equation(SSME) and the validity of the two models is tested. The fusion barriers are also calculated with two different models and reasonable results are obtained. The calculations can give useful references for the experiments in the superheavy nuclei synthesized in cold fusion reactions.

X. H. Zhong; L. Li; P. Z. Ning

2004-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

168

Facility location: distributed approximation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we initiate the study of the approximability of the facility location problem in a distributed setting. In particular, we explore a trade-off between the amount of communication and the resulting approximation ratio. We give a distributed ... Keywords: distributed approximation, facility location, linear programming, primal-dual algorithms

Thomas Moscibroda; Rogert Wattenhofer

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Application of Phase Diagram Calculation to Accelerated ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Application of Phase Diagram Calculation to Accelerated Development of Mo-Si-B Based Alloys. Author(s), Ying Yang, H Bei, Shuanglin...

170

Multilevel acceleration of neutron transport calculations.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Nuclear reactor design requires the calculation of integral core parameters and power and radiation profiles. These physical parameters are obtained by the solution of the (more)

Marquez Damian, Jose Ignacio

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

NREL: Power Technologies Energy Data Book - Calculators  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Analysis Center Energy Analysis Newsletter Power Technologies Energy Data Book Home Table of Contents Browse by Technology Calculators Renewable Energy Conversion...

172

Using Bayes' Theorem for Free Energy Calculations.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Statistical mechanics is fundamentally based on calculating the probabilities of molecular-scaleevents. Although Bayes theorem has generally been recognized as providing key guiding principals for setup (more)

Rogers, David M.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Drag calculations improve efficiency of hydraulic jars  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using drag calculations helps accurately determine the maximum hook load for optimal over-pull force during jarring operations. The driller then has a better chance of freeing stuck pipe on the first jarring attempt. Several operational situations demonstrate how these calculations allow the over pull force on the jar during operation to be increased by 40 % compared to calculations involving the weight of the drillstring only. The drag calculation method significantly increases the probability of successful jarring operations. This article concentrates on upward jarring; the results and procedures are applicable, however, for downward jarring as well.

Aarrestad, T.V. (Den norske stats oljeselskap AS, Statoil (Norway))

1993-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

174

Lennard-Jones Fluid Reference Calculations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The definition of these energetic terms are given ... calculations given here, the following definitions are relevant: ... D. The pair internal energy is given ...

2013-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

175

Design Calculations For APS Safety Shutters  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

9 Design Calculations for the Advanced Photon Source Safety Shutters P. K. Job, Advanced Photon Source B. J. Micklich, Intense Pulsed Neutron Source Argonne National Laboratory,...

176

Building Technologies Office: 179D DOE Calculator  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy simulations are required to show compliance with the energy and power cost savings requirements. View more detailed information. What is the 179D DOE Calculator? The...

177

The Materials Project: Combining Quantum Chemistry Calculations...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The Materials Project: Combining Quantum Chemistry Calculations with Supercomputing Centers for New Materials Discovery Speaker(s): Anubhav Jain Date: December 18, 2012 - 12:00pm...

178

MatCalc - The Materials Calculator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 12, 2007 ... MatCalc is supported on Windows, Linux, and Mac OSX systems. Citation: " MatCalc - The Materials Calculator." MatCalc (2008).

179

Building Technologies Office: Qualified Software for Calculating...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

you'll find a list of qualified computer software for calculating commercial building energy and power cost savings that meet federal tax incentive requirements. To submit...

180

Calculating Cyclotomic Polynomials - CECM - Simon Fraser University  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

algorithm calculates ?n(z) as a quotient of products of sparse power series. ... polynomials and their coefficients available at the Sloane On-Line Encyclopedia ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interchange distribution calculator" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Sampling of Stochastic Input Parameters for Rockfall Calculations and for Structural Response Calculations Under Vibratory Ground Motion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this scientific analysis is to define the sampled values of stochastic (random) input parameters for (1) rockfall calculations in the lithophysal and nonlithophysal zones under vibratory ground motions, and (2) structural response calculations for the drip shield and waste package under vibratory ground motions. This analysis supplies: (1) Sampled values of ground motion time history and synthetic fracture pattern for analysis of rockfall in emplacement drifts in nonlithophysal rock (Section 6.3 of ''Drift Degradation Analysis'', BSC 2004 [DIRS 166107]); (2) Sampled values of ground motion time history and rock mechanical properties category for analysis of rockfall in emplacement drifts in lithophysal rock (Section 6.4 of ''Drift Degradation Analysis'', BSC 2004 [DIRS 166107]); (3) Sampled values of ground motion time history and metal to metal and metal to rock friction coefficient for analysis of waste package and drip shield damage to vibratory motion in ''Structural Calculations of Waste Package Exposed to Vibratory Ground Motion'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 167083]) and in ''Structural Calculations of Drip Shield Exposed to Vibratory Ground Motion'' (BSC 2003 [DIRS 163425]). The sampled values are indices representing the number of ground motion time histories, number of fracture patterns and rock mass properties categories. These indices are translated into actual values within the respective analysis and model reports or calculations. This report identifies the uncertain parameters and documents the sampled values for these parameters. The sampled values are determined by GoldSim V6.04.007 [DIRS 151202] calculations using appropriate distribution types and parameter ranges. No software development or model development was required for these calculations. The calculation of the sampled values allows parameter uncertainty to be incorporated into the rockfall and structural response calculations that support development of the seismic scenario for the Total System Performance Assessment for the License Application (TSPA-LA). The results from this scientific analysis also address project requirements related to parameter uncertainty, as specified in the acceptance criteria in ''Yucca Mountain Review Plan, Final Report'' (NRC 2003 [DIRS 163274]). This document was prepared under the direction of ''Technical Work Plan for: Regulatory Integration Modeling of Drift Degradation, Waste Package and Drip Shield Vibratory Motion and Seismic Consequences'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 170528]) which directed the work identified in work package ARTM05. This document was prepared under procedure AP-SIII.9Q, ''Scientific Analyses''. There are no specific known limitations to this analysis.

M. Gross

2004-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Neutron/gamma coupled library generation and gamma transport calculation with KARMA 1.2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

KAERI has developed a lattice transport calculation code KARMA and its multi-group cross section library generation system. Recently, the multi-group cross section library generation system has included a gamma cross section generation capability and KARMA also has been improved to include a gamma transport calculation module. This paper addresses the multi-group gamma cross section generation capability for the KARMA 1.2 code and the preliminary test results of the KARMA 1.2 gamma transport calculations. The gamma transport calculation with KARMA 1.2 gives the gamma flux, gamma smeared power, and gamma energy deposition distributions. The results of the KARMA gamma calculations were compared with those of HELIOS and they showed that KARMA 1.2 gives reasonable gamma transport calculation results. (authors)

Hong, S. G. [Dept. of Nuclear Engineering, Kyung Hee Univ., 446-701 Deogyeong-daero, GiHeung-gu, Yongin, Gyeonggi-do (Korea, Republic of); Kim, K. S.; Cho, J. Y.; Lee, K. H. [Korea Atomic Energy Research Inst., 305-353 Duckjin-dong, Yuseong-gu, Daejon (Korea, Republic of)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

EIA -Quarterly Coal Distribution  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Coal Distribution Coal Distribution Home > Coal> Quarterly Coal Distribution Back Issues Quarterly Coal Distribution Archives Release Date: June 27, 2013 Next Release Date: September 2013 The Quarterly Coal Distribution Report (QCDR) provides detailed quarterly data on U.S. domestic coal distribution by coal origin, coal destination, mode of transportation and consuming sector. All data are preliminary and superseded by the final Coal Distribution - Annual Report. Year/Quarters By origin State By destination State Report Data File Report Data File 2009 January-March pdf xls pdf xls April-June pdf xls pdf xls July-September pdf xls pdf October-December pdf xls pdf 2010 January-March pdf xls pdf xls April-June pdf xls pdf xls July-September pdf xls pdf xls

184

Wellbore stress distribution produced by moisture adsorption  

SciTech Connect

For this study, the authors evaluated the stress distribution produced by moisture adsorption around a wellbore by applying the mechanics of deformable solids. This paper shows that the moisture-adsorption process is governed by a diffusion equation and that the equations governing the moisture-induced stress around the hole are similar to those equations used in thermoelasticity. A computational method is developed for calculating the stress distribution around the borehole, and the experimental procedure for obtaining the material constants needed in the computation is presented. This paper also studies the effect of borehole pressure on the stress distribution around the hole. Results show that the magnitude and distribution of stresses around the borehole are very sensitive to the adsorption characteristics and the moisture-induced modulus change of the material.

Yew, C.H.; Chenevert, M.E.; Wang, C.L.; Osisanya, S.O. (Univ. of Texas, TX (US))

1990-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Data base to compare calculations and observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Meteorological and climatological data bases were compared with known tritium release points and diffusion calculations to determine if calculated concentrations could replace measure concentrations at the monitoring stations. Daily tritium concentrations were monitored at 8 stations and 16 possible receptors. Automated data retrieval strategies are listed. (PSB)

Tichler, J.L.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

PVWatts (R) Calculator India (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

The PVWatts (R) Calculator for India was released by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory in 2013. The online tool estimates electricity production and the monetary value of that production of grid-connected roof- or ground-mounted crystalline silicon photovoltaics systems based on a few simple inputs. This factsheet provides a broad overview of the PVWatts (R) Calculator for India.

Not Available

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Numerical Object Oriented Quantum Field Theory Calculations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The qft++ package is a library of C++ classes that facilitate numerical (not algebraic) quantum field theory calculations. Mathematical objects such as matrices, tensors, Dirac spinors, polarization and orbital angular momentum tensors, etc. are represented as C++ objects in qft++. The package permits construction of code which closely resembles quantum field theory expressions, allowing for quick and reliable calculations.

M. Williams

2008-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

188

Proper Orthogonal Decomposition for Flow Calculations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Proper Orthogonal Decomposition for Flow Calculations and Optimal Control in a Horizontal CVD calculations are discussed. AMS Subject Classification: 76N10, 65K10, 49J20 & 35C10 \\Lambda This research a chemical reaction in the gas phase above the surface of the film to deposit desired materials onto

189

China 2050 Pathways Calculator | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

China 2050 Pathways Calculator China 2050 Pathways Calculator Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: China 2050 Pathways Calculator Agency/Company /Organization: China's Energy Research Institute (ERI), UK Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC), UK Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO) Focus Area: Non-renewable Energy, Renewable Energy Phase: Evaluate Options, Prepare a Plan Topics: Low-carbon plans/TNAs/NAMAs, Resource assessment, Pathways analysis Resource Type: Guide/manual, Training materials, Lessons learned/best practices, Online calculator User Interface: Website Website: china-en.2050calculator.net/pathways/111011011011101101011010111101101 Country: China OpenEI Keyword(s): International Eastern Asia Language: English References: Global Energy Governance Reform, 3 October 2012[1]

190

CUFR Tree Carbon Calculator | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CUFR Tree Carbon Calculator CUFR Tree Carbon Calculator Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: CUFR Tree Carbon Calculator Agency/Company /Organization: United States Forest Service Sector: Climate, Land Focus Area: Forestry Phase: Determine Baseline, Evaluate Options Topics: GHG inventory, Resource assessment Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Desktop Application Website: www.fs.fed.us/ccrc/topics/urban-forests/ctcc/ Cost: Free Language: English References: CUFR Tree Carbon Calculator[1] Overview "The CUFR Tree Carbon Calculator is the only tool approved by the Climate Action Reserve's Urban Forest Project Protocol for quantifying carbon dioxide sequestration from GHG tree planting projects. The CTCC is programmed in an Excel spreadsheet and provides carbon-related information

191

Campus Carbon Calculator | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Campus Carbon Calculator Campus Carbon Calculator Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Campus Carbon Calculator Agency/Company /Organization: Clean Air-Cool Planet Phase: Create a Vision, Determine Baseline, Develop Goals User Interface: Spreadsheet Website: www.cleanair-coolplanet.org/toolkit/inv-calculator.php The Campus Carbon Calculator(tm), Version 6.4, is now available for download. Version 6.4 includes new features, updates and corrections - including greatly expanded projection and solutions modules, designed to aid schools that have completed greenhouse gas inventories in developing long term, comprehensive climate action plans based on those inventories. The new modules facilitate analysis of carbon reduction options, determining project payback times, net present value, cost per ton reduced,

192

Simplified calculation method for design cooling loads in underfloor air distribution (UFAD) systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

US, 2009. ASHRAE Fundamentals Handbook, Chapter 18, American2004. ASHRAE Fundamentals Handbook, Chapter 14, American

Schiavon, Stefano; Lee, Kwang Ho; Bauman, Fred; Webster, Tom

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. Calculation Cross-Reference Guide  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for the U.S. D~epiet of Eney Office of Environmental Management. App oedfo pbIc release: distiution is unrimfled. Remedial Action Plan and Site Design for Stabilization of Moab Title I Uranium Mill Tailings

I Uranium; Mill Tailings; U. S. Deparmnt

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Cable Pushing and Calculation of Pulling Tensions for Distribution and Transmission Cables  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Traditional techniques for the installation of cable into conduit systems require pulling the cable with a rope attached to the leading end. EPRI has demonstrated that cable pushing can significantly reduce pulling forces, allow longer cable lengths to be pulled safely, and reduce the number of manholes and splices in a circuit. These benefits can result in direct savings for the utility and increased reliability for the customer.

1997-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

195

Simplified calculation method for design cooling loads in underfloor air distribution (UFAD) systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

design day cooling load profiles, (2) impact of a thermallyday peak zone cooling load profile for UFAD and a well-mixedaffects the cooling load profiles, therefore it is possible

Schiavon, Stefano; Lee, Kwang Ho; Bauman, Fred; Webster, Tom

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

P3-08: Calculation of Grain Boundary Character Distribution from ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

P1-04: 3D Microstructural Characterization of Uranium Oxide as a Surrogate Nuclear ... P1-15: Gating System Optimisation Design Study of a Cast Automobile ... P2-27: Characterization of Carbonate Rocks through X-ray Microtomography.

197

Energy Distribution of Black Plane Solutions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We use the Einstein energy-momentum complex to calculate the energy distribution of static plane-symmetric solutions of the Einstein-Maxwell equations in 3+1 dimensions with asymptotic anti-de Sitter behavior. This solution is expressed in terms of three parameters: the mass, electric charge and cosmological constant. We compare the energy distribution to that of the Reissner-Nordstrom-anti-de Sitter solution, pointing to qualitative differences between the models. Finally, we examine these results within the context of the Cooperstock hypothesis.

Paul Halpern

2005-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

198

Avoiding Distribution System Upgrade Costs Using Distributed Generation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

PNNL, in cooperation with three utilities, developed a database and methodology to analyze and characterize the avoided costs of Distributed Generation (DG) deployment as an alternative to traditional distribution system investment. After applying a number of screening criteria to the initial set of 307 cases, eighteen were selected for detailed analysis. Alternative DG investment scenarios were developed for these cases to permit capital, operation, maintenance, and fuel costs to be identified and incorporated into the analysis. The customer-owned backup power generator option was also investigated. The results of the analysis of the 18 cases show that none yielded cost savings under the alternative DG scenarios. However, the DG alternative systems were configured using very restrictive assumptions concerning reliability, peak rating, engine types and acceptable fuel. In particular it was assumed that the DG alternative in each case must meet the reliability required of conventional distribution systems (99.91% reliability). The analysis was further constrained by a requirement that each substation meet the demands placed upon it by a one in three weather occurrence. To determine if, by relaxing these requirements, the DG alternative might be more viable, one project was re-examined. The 99.91% reliability factor was still assumed for normal operating conditions but redundancy required to maintain reliability was relaxed for the relatively few hours every three years where extreme weather caused load to exceed present substation capacity. This resulted in the deferment of capital investment until later years and reduced the number of engines required for the project. The cost of both the conventional and DG alternative also dropped because the centralized power generation, variable O&M, and DG fuels costs were calculated based on present load requirements in combination with long-term forecasts of load growth, as opposed to load requirements plus a buffer based on predictions of extraordinary weather conditions. Application of the relaxed set of assumptions reduced the total cost of the DG alternative by roughly 57 percent from $7.0 million to $3.0 million. The reduction, however, did not change the overall result of the analysis, as the cost of the conventional distribution system upgrade alternative remained lower at $1.7 million. This paper also explores the feasibility of using a system of backup generators to defer investment in distribution system infrastructure. Rather than expanding substation capacity at substations experiencing slow load growth rates, PNNL considered a scenario where diesel generators were installed on location at customers participating in a program designed to offer additional power security and reliability to the customer and connection to the grid. The backup generators, in turn, could be used to meet peak demand for a limited number of hours each year, thus deferring distribution system investment. Data from an existing program at one of the three participating utilities was used to quantify the costs associated with the backup generator scenario. The results of the customer owned backup power generator analysis showed that in all cases the nominal cost of the DG scenario is more than the nominal cost of the base-case conventional distribution system upgrade scenario. However, in two of the cases the total present value costs of the alternative backup generator scenarios were between 15 and 22% less than those for the conventional scenarios. Overall, the results of the study offer considerable encouragement that the use of DG systems can defer conventional distribution system upgrades under the right conditions and when the DG configurations are intelligently designed. Using existing customer-owned DG to defer distribution system upgrades appears to be an immediate commercially-viable opportunity.

Schienbein, Lawrence A.; Balducci, Patrick J.; Nguyen, Tony B.; Brown, Daryl R.; DeSteese, John G.; Speer, Gregory A.

2004-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

199

Advanced Distribution Monitoring  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Advanced Distribution Automation (ADA) is a concept for a fully controllable and flexible distribution system that will facilitate the exchange of electrical energy AND information between participants and system components. Advances in the monitoring of system parameters like voltages, currents and breaker/switch positions as well as environmental variables like temperature and wind speed will be required in order to fully implement ADA. This report presents background information on distribution monito...

2005-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

200

Distributed Resource Integration Framework  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report defines a framework for assessing current issues and considerations associated with the deployment and operation of distributed resources. The framework is a guide that can assist utility personnel, distributed resource owners, and other stakeholders in planning integration projects and in relating different integration projects to one another. The framework provides a structured organization of the various elements associated with distributed resource integration, including regulatory, busin...

2009-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interchange distribution calculator" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Radiation-damage calculations with NJOY  

SciTech Connect

Atomic displacement, gas production, transmutation, and nuclear heating can all be calculated with the NJOY nuclear data processing system using evaluated data in ENDF/B format. Using NJOY helps assure consistency between damage cross sections and those used for transport, and NJOY provides convenient interface formats for linking data to application codes. Unique features of the damage calculation include a simple momentum balance treatment for radiative capture and a new model for (n, particle) reactions based on statistical model calculations. Sample results for iron and nickel are given and compared with the results of other methods.

MacFarlane, R.E.; Muir, D.W.; Mann, F.W.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Calculating the Diffuse Responsivity of Solar Pyranometers  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Pyranometers are used to measure the global and diffuse components of solar irradiance. One of the methods to calculate the unshade (global) responsivity of a pyranometer is the standard shading method, described in the Annual Book of ASTM Standards, section 14, volume 14.02. In this paper, the standard method is used to calculate the shade (diffuse) responsivity of a pyranometer by accounting for the zenith and azimuth response of the pyranometer. A discussion of the effect of pyranometer offset on the calculated responsivity is also presented.

Reda, I.; Myers, D.

1999-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

203

Cooling water distribution system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A passive containment cooling system for a nuclear reactor containment vessel. Disclosed is a cooling water distribution system for introducing cooling water by gravity uniformly over the outer surface of a steel containment vessel using an interconnected series of radial guide elements, a plurality of circumferential collector elements and collector boxes to collect and feed the cooling water into distribution channels extending along the curved surface of the steel containment vessel. The cooling water is uniformly distributed over the curved surface by a plurality of weirs in the distribution channels.

Orr, Richard (Pittsburgh, PA)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Distribution reliability analysis.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis presents an example for optimization of distribution maintenance scheduling of a recloser. It applies a risk reduction technique associated with maintenance of the (more)

Bhusal, Prabodh

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

MEMORANDUM FOR DISTRIBUTION  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

* Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 December 20, 2007 MEMORANDUM FOR DISTRIBUTION FROM: MICHAEL W. OWEN

206

Essays on wealth distribution.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? The U.S. wealth distribution has three prominent features: a fat tail, skewness to the right, and a high Gini coefficient. Among these three features (more)

Zhu, Shenghao

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Email Distribution Lists  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Email Distribution Lists The NSLS maintains several email lists to disseminate information to BNL staff and users as well as DOE officials and other interested people. The...

208

The Beta Maxwell Distribution.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In this work we considered a general class of distributions gener- ated from the logit of the beta random variable. We looked at various works (more)

Amusan, Grace Ebunoluwa

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

EIS Distribution | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EIS Distribution EIS Distribution This DOE guidance presents a series of recommendations related to the EIS distribution process, which includes creating and updating a...

210

The calculation of satellite line structures in highly stripped plasmas  

SciTech Connect

This is the final report of a three-year, Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) project at the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). Recently developed high-resolution x-ray spectrographs have made it possible to measure satellite structures from various plasma sources with great detail. These lines are weak optically thin lines caused by the decay of dielectronic states and generally accompany the resonance lines of H-like and He-like ions. The Los Alamos atomic physics and kinetics codes provide a unique capability for calculating the position and intensities of such lines. These programs have been used to interpret such highly resolved spectral measurements from pulsed power devices and laser produced plasmas. Some of these experiments were performed at the LANL Bright Source and Trident laser facilities. The satellite structures are compared with calculations to diagnose temperatures and densities. The effect of non-thermal electron distributions of electrons on calculated spectra was also considered. Collaborations with Russian scientists have added tremendous value to this research die to their vast experience in x-ray spectroscopy.

Abdallah, J. Jr.; Kilcrease, D.P. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Faenov, A.Ya.; Pikuz, T.A. [Multicharged Ion Spectra Data Center, Moscow (Russian Federation)

1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Measured and calculated isotopes for a gadolinia lead test assembly  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The US Department of Energy, Duke Power Company, and the B and W Fuel Company participated in an extended burnup project to develop, irradiate, and examine an advanced fuel assembly design for pressurized water reactors. The assembly uses a urania-gadolinia (UO[sub 2]-Gd[sub 2]O[sub 3]) burnable absorber fuel mixture along with other fuel performance and design features that enhance uranium utilization. Previous milestones in the gadolinia development of the extended burnup project include development and verification of a neutronics model, measurement of materials properties of gadolinia fuel, and a successful gadolinia lead test assembly (LTA) program. One LTA was discharged as planned after one cycle, four LTAs continued for two more cycles, and one LTA of these four underwent a fourth cycle and reached 58,310 MWd/ton U assembly-average burnup, a world record at the time. Hot-cell destructive examination of gadolinia and non-gadolinia fuel rods from the single-cycle LTA (406.2 effective full-power days irradiation) has been completed. The comparison of measured and calculated isotopics for this LTA is the subject of this paper. A comparison of measured and calculated power distributions is also given, because accurate prediction of core performance during power production is ultimately the most important test of a calculational model.

Hove, C.M.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Calculation of dose to soft tisse from implanted beta sources  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Treatment of Arterio-Venous Malformation (AVM) requires the occlusion of the unwanted arteries. Irradiation of a blood vessel wall with beta particles causes it to be permanently blocked by multiplication of the endothelial cells. For this purpose, spherical radioactive particles are injected into these arteries. This study deals with the development of BRAIN-DOSES, a computer code based on VARSKIN MOD2 and SADDE MOD2, which evaluates gamma and beta dose distributions for radioactive sources with five different geometries: point, line, shell cylinder, solid cylinder and solid sphere. Since the particles injected into the blood vessels can be modeled as a line of spheres, this work focuses on the development of a computational method for estimating the spatial distribution of absorbed dose around a line of spheres. BRAIN-DOSES uses integration of Berger point kernels over the source volume, employing the scaled point kernels tabulated by Berger in 1971. This method requires calculation of the beta particle path within the two media crossed, tissue and source material. Consequently, besides the computational approach, this study describes a detailed geometrical approach of the problem. Results obtained from calculations with BRAIN-DOSES have been used to evaluate the beta dose distribution in the capillary walls of the rete of pigs, a vascular system which may model an AVM. The source was a 418 CI line of spheres made of a mixture of 42.8% hydrated polyacrylonitrile (PAN), 49.8% powdered Pt-197 and 7.4% powdered Pr-142 (in weight percentage). The sphere diameters were from 150 to 350 gm.

Dauffy, Lucile

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Urban Transportation Emission Calculator | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Urban Transportation Emission Calculator Urban Transportation Emission Calculator Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Urban Transportation Emission Calculator Agency/Company /Organization: Transport Canada Sector: Energy Focus Area: Transportation Topics: GHG inventory Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Website Website: wwwapps.tc.gc.ca/Prog/2/UTEC-CETU/Menu.aspx?lang=eng Cost: Free References: http://wwwapps.tc.gc.ca/Prog/2/UTEC-CETU/Menu.aspx?lang=eng The Urban Transportation Emissions Calculator (UTEC) is a user-friendly tool for estimating annual emissions from personal, commercial, and public transit vehicles. It estimates greenhouse gas (GHG) and criteria air contaminant (CAC) emissions from the operation of vehicles. It also estimates upstream GHG emissions from the production, refining and

214

Historical river flow rates for dose calculations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Annual average river flow rates are required input to the LADTAP Computer Code for calculating offsite doses from liquid releases of radioactive materials to the Savannah River. The source of information on annual river flow rates used in dose calculations varies, depending on whether calculations are for retrospective releases or prospective releases. Examples of these types of releases are: Retrospective - releases from routine operations (annual environmental reports) and short term release incidents that have occurred. Prospective - releases that might be expected in the future from routine or abnormal operation of existing or new facilities (EIS`s, EID`S, SAR`S, etc.). This memorandum provides historical flow rates at the downstream gauging station at Highway 301 for use in retrospective dose calculations and derives flow rate data for the Beaufort-Jasper and Port Wentworth water treatment plants.

Carlton, W.H.

1991-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

215

Molecular dynamics calculation of free energy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The results of a systematic study of a recently proposed method by Frenkel and Ladd for calculating free energies via molecular dynamics are reported. Internal measures of the error

J. F. Lutsko; D. Wolf; S. Yip

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Why first-principles calculations for alloys  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A brief non-technical overview of first-principles calculations is presented, with emphasis on prediction of phase equilibria. Merits and drawbacks of various methods are briefly discussed.

de Fontaine, D.

1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Why first-principles calculations for alloys?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A brief non-technical overview of first-principles calculations is presented, with emphasis on prediction of phase equilibria. Merits and drawbacks of various methods are briefly discussed.

de Fontaine, D.

1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

What is the GREET Fleet Footprint Calculator  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

GREET Fleet Calculator can estimate petroleum and carbon GREET Fleet Calculator can estimate petroleum and carbon footprints of both on-road vehicles and off-road equipment. What is the GREET Fleet Footprint Calculator? As early adopters of new vehicle technologies, fleets are vital to the success of alternative fuels and advanced vehicles (AFVs). The Greenhouse gases, Regulated Emis- sions, and Energy use in Transportation (GREET) Fleet Foot- print Calculator can help fleets decide on the AFVs that will best help them meet a variety of organizational goals and legal requirements, including reducing their petroleum use and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Currently, the United States imports nearly half of its oil. 1 Because the United States uses about 70% of its oil for transportation, decreasing petroleum consumption in vehicles can substantially

219

GROA AIRBORNE RELEASE DISPERSION FACTOR CALCULATION  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this document is to calculate airborne release dispersion factors ({chi}/Q) for the surface and subsurface facilities at the Geological Repository Operations Area (GROA). The calculated {chi}/Q values may be used to estimate radiological consequences to workers for potential releases from normal operations and event sequences for License Application. The scope of this document is to provide estimates of {chi}/Q values at potential onsite receptors from facility releases, under normal operating conditions and event sequences.

J. Wang

2005-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

220

Users enlist consultants to calculate costs, savings  

SciTech Connect

Consultants who calculate payback provide expertise and a second opinion to back up energy managers' proposals. They can lower the costs of an energy-management investment by making complex comparisons of systems and recommending the best system for a specific application. Examples of payback calculations include simple payback for a school system, a university, and a Disneyland hotel, as well as internal rate of return for a corporate office building and a chain of clothing stores. (DCK)

1982-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interchange distribution calculator" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

CERENKOV RADIATION INTENSITY CALCULATIONS FOR Sr$sup 90$ AND Co$sup 60$ IN WATER  

SciTech Connect

A method for calculating Cherenkov radiation intensity from an initial electron energy distribution is presented. The Cherenkov radiation intensity from 1 curie of Sr/sup 90/ in secular equilibrium with Y/sup 90/ in water was calculated from the beta energy spectrum to illustrate the use of the method for a pure beta emitter. The Cherenkov radiation intensity from 1 curie of Co/sup 60/ in water was calculated from the Compton electron energy spectrum to illustrate the use of the method for a gamma emitter. The steps necessary to obtain the Compton electron energy spectrum from a gamma emitter are indicated. (auth)

Wymer, R.G.; Biggers, R.E.

1961-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

222

Calculation of delayed-neutron energy spectra in a QRPA-Hauser-Feshbach model  

SciTech Connect

Theoretical {beta}-delayed-neutron spectra are calculated based on the Quasiparticle Random-Phase Approximation (QRPA) and the Hauser-Feshbach statistical model. Neutron emissions from an excited daughter nucleus after {beta} decay to the granddaughter residual are more accurately calculated than in previous evaluations, including all the microscopic nuclear structure information, such as a Gamow-Teller strength distribution and discrete states in the granddaughter. The calculated delayed-neutron spectra agree reasonably well with those evaluations in the ENDF decay library, which are based on experimental data. The model was adopted to generate the delayed-neutron spectra for all 271 precursors.

Kawano, Toshihiko [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Moller, Peter [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Wilson, William B [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Economic analysis of efficient distribution transformer trends  

SciTech Connect

This report outlines an approach that will account for uncertainty in the development of evaluation factors used to identify transformer designs with the lowest total owning cost (TOC). The TOC methodology is described and the most highly variable parameters are discussed. The model is developed to account for uncertainties as well as statistical distributions for the important parameters. Sample calculations are presented. The TOC methodology is applied to data provided by two utilities in order to test its validity.

Downing, D.J.; McConnell, B.W.; Barnes, P.R.; Hadley, S.W.; Van Dyke, J.W.

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

HYDRAULIC CALCULATIONS FOR A MODIFIED IN-SITU RETORT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LBL-1 0431 UC-91 HYDRAULIC CALCULATIONS FOR A MODIFIED IN-REFERENCES . . , . HYDRAULIC CALCULATIONS FOR ACalifomia. LBL-10431 HYDRAULIC CALCULATIONS FOR A MODIFIED

Hall, W.G.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Tool and Calculator (Transit, Fuel) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

This webside provide Tools & Calculators like Public Transit In Your Community, Fuel Saving Calculator, Carbon saving calculator, Transit Savings Report and transit benefits...

226

Calculators for Estimating Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Public  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CALCULATORS Tables 1 and 2 list the GHG emissions calculators found by a literature search of published sources. The literature search for calculators was conducted through...

227

Modeling the Loss Distribution  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we focus on modeling and predicting the loss distribution for credit risky assets such as bonds and loans. We model the probability of default and the recovery rate given default based on shared covariates. We develop a new class of default ... Keywords: Basel II, default prediction, loss distribution, recovery rates

Sudheer Chava; Catalina Stefanescu; Stuart Turnbull

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Distribution Arc Flash  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Arc flash from faults on 480-V circuits is a safety issue that can impact utility work. This report covers results from tests of arc flash and fabric performance from faults in 480-V network protectors and padmounted transformers. It supplements EPRI report 1018694, Distribution Arc Flash: Industry Practices and EPRI report 1018693, Distribution Arc Flash: Analysis Methods and Arc Characteristics.

2009-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

229

Application of the adjoint method in atmospheric radiative transfer calculations  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The transfer of solar radiation through a standard mid-latitude summer atmosphere including different amounts of aerosols (from clear to hazy) has been computed. The discrete-ordinates (S/sub N/) method, which has been developed to a high degree of computational efficiency and accuracy primarily for nuclear radiation shielding applications, is employed in a forward as well as adjoint mode. In the adjoint mode the result of a transfer calculation is an importance function (adjoint intensity) which allows the calculation of transmitted fluxes, or other radiative responses, for any arbitrary source distribution. The theory of the adjoint method is outlined in detail and physical interpretations are developed for the adjoint intensity. If, for example, the downward directed solar flux at ground level, F/sub lambda/ (z = 0), is desired for N different solar zenith angles, a regular (forward) radiative transfer calculation must be repeated for each solar zenith angle. In contrast, only 1 adjoint transfer calculation gives F/sub lambda/ (z = 0) for all solar zenith angles in a hazy aerosol atmosphere, for 1 wavelength interval, in 2.3 seconds on a CDC-7600 computer. A total of 155 altitude zones were employed between 0 and 70 km, and the convergence criterion for the ratio of fluxes from successive iterations was set at 2 x 10/sup -3/. Our results demonstrate not only the applicability of the highly efficient modern S/sub N/ codes, but indicate also conceptual and computational advantages when the adjoint formulation of the radiative transfer equation is used.

Gerstl, S.A.W.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Calculated ngstrim's Turbidity Coefficients for Fairbanks, Alaska  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

ngstrim's turbidity coefficient, ?, was determined from measurements of direct normal solar irradiance (broadband) at Fairbanks, Alaska (latitude, 64.82). The frequency distribution and seasonal changes of derived values were similar to those ...

John D. Fox

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Calculation of thermodynamic, electronic, and optical ...  

to that determined from neutron diffraction data, ... Pack k-point grids for Mg2Ni, LT Mg2NiH4, and HT ... It is parallelized based on a distribution ...

232

Angular distribution and azimuthal asymmetry for pentaquark production in proton-proton collisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Angular distributions for production of the $\\Theta^+$ pentaquark are calculated for the collisions of polarized protons with polarized target protons. We compare calculations based on different assumptions concerning spin and parity ($J=1/2^\\pm,3/2^\\pm$) of the $\\Theta^+$ state. For a wide class of interactions the spin correlation parameters describing the asymmetric angular distributions are calculated up to 250 MeV above production threshold. The deviations from the near threshold behavior are investigated.

H. W. Barz; M. Zetenyi

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

DRY TRANSFER FACILITY CRITICALITY SAFETY CALCULATIONS  

SciTech Connect

This design calculation updates the previous criticality evaluation for the fuel handling, transfer, and staging operations to be performed in the Dry Transfer Facility (DTF) including the remediation area. The purpose of the calculation is to demonstrate that operations performed in the DTF and RF meet the nuclear criticality safety design criteria specified in the ''Project Design Criteria (PDC) Document'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 171599], Section 4.9.2.2), the nuclear facility safety requirement in ''Project Requirements Document'' (Canori and Leitner 2003 [DIRS 166275], p. 4-206), the functional/operational nuclear safety requirement in the ''Project Functional and Operational Requirements'' document (Curry 2004 [DIRS 170557], p. 75), and the functional nuclear criticality safety requirements described in the ''Dry Transfer Facility Description Document'' (BSC 2005 [DIRS 173737], p. 3-8). A description of the changes is as follows: (1) Update the supporting calculations for the various Category 1 and 2 event sequences as identified in the ''Categorization of Event Sequences for License Application'' (BSC 2005 [DIRS 171429], Section 7). (2) Update the criticality safety calculations for the DTF staging racks and the remediation pool to reflect the current design. This design calculation focuses on commercial spent nuclear fuel (SNF) assemblies, i.e., pressurized water reactor (PWR) and boiling water reactor (BWR) SNF. U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Environmental Management (EM) owned SNF is evaluated in depth in the ''Canister Handling Facility Criticality Safety Calculations'' (BSC 2005 [DIRS 173284]) and is also applicable to DTF operations. Further, the design and safety analyses of the naval SNF canisters are the responsibility of the U.S. Department of the Navy (Naval Nuclear Propulsion Program) and will not be included in this document. Also, note that the results for the Monitored Geologic Repository (MGR) Site specific Cask (MSC) calculations are limited to the specific design chosen (see Assumption 3.4). A more current design will be included in the next revision of the criticality calculations for the Aging Facility. In addition, this calculation is valid for the current design as provided in Attachment III of the DTF and may not reflect the ongoing design evolution of the facility. However, it is anticipated that design changes to the facility layout will have little or no impact on the criticality results and/or conclusions presented in this document.

C.E. Sanders

2005-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

234

The Wigner Distribution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In contrast to classical physics, the language of quantum mechanics involves operators and wave functions (or, more generally, density operators). However, in 1932, Wigner formulated quantum mechanics in terms of a distribution function $W(q,p)$, the marginals of which yield the correct quantum probabilities for $q$ and $p$ separately \\cite{wigner}. Its usefulness stems from the fact that it provides a re-expression of quantum mechanics in terms of classical concepts so that quantum mechanical expectation values are now expressed as averages over phase-space distribution functions. In other words, statistical information is transferred from the density operator to a quasi-classical (distribution) function.

R. F. O'Connell

2010-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

235

Microphysical and Dynamical Influences on Cirrus Cloud Optical Depth Distributions  

SciTech Connect

Cirrus cloud inhomogeneity occurs at scales greater than the cirrus radiative smoothing scale ({approx}100 m), but less than typical global climate model (GCM) resolutions ({approx}300 km). Therefore, calculating cirrus radiative impacts in GCMs requires an optical depth distribution parameterization. Radiative transfer calculations are sensitive to optical depth distribution assumptions (Fu et al. 2000; Carlin et al. 2002). Using raman lidar observations, we quantify cirrus timescales and optical depth distributions at the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Southern Great Plains (SGP) site in Lamont, OK (USA). We demonstrate the sensitivity of outgoing longwave radiation (OLR) calculations to assumed optical depth distributions and to the temporal resolution of optical depth measurements. Recent work has highlighted the importance of dynamics and nucleation for cirrus evolution (Haag and Karcher 2004; Karcher and Strom 2003). We need to understand the main controls on cirrus optical depth distributions to incorporate cirrus variability into model radiative transfer calculations. With an explicit ice microphysics parcel model, we aim to understand the influence of ice nucleation mechanism and imposed dynamics on cirrus optical depth distributions.

Kay, J.; Baker, M.; Hegg, D.

2005-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

236

PABS: A Computer Program to Normalize Emission Probabilities and Calculate Realistic Uncertainties  

SciTech Connect

The program PABS normalizes relative particle emission probabilities to an absolute scale and calculates the relevant uncertainties on this scale. The program is written in Java using the JDK 1.6 library. For additional information about system requirements, the code itself, and compiling from source, see the README file distributed with this program. The mathematical procedures used are given below.

Caron, D. S.; Browne, E.; Norman, E. B.

2009-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

237

Eddy-Current-Induced Multipole Field Calculations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Eddy-Current-Induced Multipole Field Calculations Eddy-Current-Induced Multipole Field Calculations September 29, 2003 1 Eddy-Current-Induced Multipole Field Calculations Nicholas S. Sereno, Suk H. Kim 1.0 Abstract Time-varying magnetic fields of magnets in booster accelerators induce substantial eddy currents in the vacuum chambers. The eddy currents in turn act to produce various multi- pole fields that act on the beam. These fields must be taken into account when doing a lat- tice design. In the APS booster, the relatively long dipole magnets (3 meters) are linearly ramped to accelerate the injected 325 MeV beam to 7 GeV. Substantial dipole and sextu- pole fields are generated in the elliptical vacuum chamber from the induced eddy currents. In this note, formulas for the induced dipole and sextupole fields are derived for elliptical and rectangular vacuum chambers for a time-varying dipole field. A discussion is given

238

Building Technologies Office: 179D DOE Calculator  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

179D DOE Calculator 179D DOE Calculator EERE » Building Technologies Office » 179D DOE Calculator Printable Version Bookmark and Share What is the 179D federal tax deduction? Section 179D of the Federal Tax Code provides a tax deduction for energy efficiency improvements to commercial buildings. A building may qualify for a tax deduction under Section 179D not to exceed $1.80/ft² for whole building performance or $0.60/ft² for a partially qualifying property for envelope, heating, ventilating, and air conditioning (HVAC), or lighting improvements. In addition, a building may qualify with a reduced installed lighting power under the interim lighting rule. Energy simulations are required to show compliance with the energy and power cost savings requirements. View more detailed information.

239

Computerized Energy and Treatment Cost Calculations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A computer program has been developed that quickly calculates blowdown heat loss as a function of makeup water, boiler water chemistry, and blowdown recovery equipment. By inputting water analysis, basic system parameters, and type of fuel, the cost of heat loss in the blowdown can be quickly and accurately determined. Present operating systems can quickly be evaluated as to potential cost savings on the addition of a blowdown flash tank and/or a recovery heat exchanger. Proposed systems can be engineered from the start with an eye to decreasing energy loss and saving money. In addition, the proper internal treatment is recommended along with appropriate products. Cost of energy lost in the blowdown is calculated based on different levels of blowdown heat recovery. Accurate calculations are readily available to make more intelligent decisions on the purchase of recovery equipment, rather than depending on very tedious, potentially inaccurate determinations by long hand.

Trace, W. L.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Improved Calculation of Thermal Fission Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thermal fission energy is one of the basic parameters needed in the calculation of antineutrino flux for reactor neutrino experiments. It is useful to improve the precision of the thermal fission energy calculation for current and future reactor neutrino experiments, which are aimed at more precise determination of neutrino oscillation parameters. In this article, we give new values for thermal fission energies of some common thermal reactor fuel iso-topes, with improvements on two aspects. One is more recent input data acquired from updated nuclear databases. The other, which is unprecedented, is a consideration of the production yields of fission fragments from both thermal and fast incident neutrons for each of the four main fuel isotopes. The change in calculated antineutrino flux due to the new values of thermal fission energy is about 0.33%, and the uncertainties of the new values are about 30% smaller.

Ma, X B; Wang, L Z; Chen, Y X; Cao, J

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interchange distribution calculator" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Healthcare Energy Impact Calculator | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Healthcare Energy Impact Calculator Healthcare Energy Impact Calculator Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Healthcare Energy Impact Calculator Agency/Company /Organization: Practice Greenhealth Sector: Climate User Interface: Website Complexity/Ease of Use: Simple Website: www.eichealth.org/ Cost: Free Related Tools UNEP-Bioenergy Decision Support Tool Global Relationship Assessment to Protect the Environment (GRAPE) World Induced Technical Change Hybrid (WITCH) ... further results Find Another Tool FIND DEVELOPMENT IMPACTS ASSESSMENT TOOLS An online tool based on U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) analysis of health impacts of power plant emissions of sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, and mercury, this tool estimates premature deaths, chronic bronchitis, asthma attacks, emergency room visits, and more, by kWh/year.

242

Statistical Uncertainty Analysis Applied to Criticality Calculation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we present an uncertainty methodology based on a statistical approach, for assessing uncertainties in criticality prediction using monte carlo method due to uncertainties in the isotopic composition of the fuel. The methodology has been applied to criticality calculations with MCNP5 with additional stochastic input of the isotopic fuel composition. The stochastic input were generated using the latin hypercube sampling method based one the probability density function of each nuclide composition. The automatic passing of the stochastic input to the MCNP and the repeated criticality calculation is made possible by using a python script to link the MCNP and our latin hypercube sampling code.

Hartini, Entin; Andiwijayakusuma, Dinan; Susmikanti, Mike; Nursinta, A. W. [Centre for Nuclear Informatics Development, National Nuclear Energy Agency of Indonesia (Indonesia)

2010-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

243

Radiological Dose Calculations for Fusion Facilities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report summarizes the results and rationale for radiological dose calculations for the maximally exposed individual during fusion accident conditions. Early doses per unit activity (Sieverts per TeraBecquerel) are given for 535 magnetic fusion isotopes of interest for several release scenarios. These data can be used for accident assessment calculations to determine if the accident consequences exceed Nuclear Regulatory Commission and Department of Energy evaluation guides. A generalized yearly dose estimate for routine releases, based on 1 Terabecquerel unit releases per radionuclide, has also been performed using averaged site parameters and assumed populations. These routine release data are useful for assessing designs against US Environmental Protection Agency yearly release limits.

Michael L. Abbott; Lee C. Cadwallader; David A. Petti

2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Electricity Distribution System Workshop  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Grid Tech Team Grid Tech Team Discussion Summary Electricity Distribution System Workshop 2 Table of Contents INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................................................................. 3 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY .................................................................................................................................. 4 Process ...................................................................................................................................................... 4 Common Themes ...................................................................................................................................... 5 Discussion Topic Tables ............................................................................................................................. 8

245

Ductless Hydronic Distribution  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DUCTLESS HYDRONIC DUCTLESS HYDRONIC DISTRIBUTION Alliance for Residential Building Innovation David Springer, Davis Energy Group Context  Target: Builders of high performance new homes & deep retrofits  Why is this technology key to meeting performance goals of future homes?  Distribution Efficiency * Distribution efficiency for well insulated, tight ducts in attics ≈ 85% * Duct energy losses drives placement of ducts inside conditioned space, which adds cost and interferes with structure and architecture * Ductless hydronic systems can approach 100% distribution efficiency; piping needs little space  Delivery Energy * Fans: 0.58 W/cfm or 9 (heating) to 27 (cooling) W/kBtuh * Pumps: 8 W/gpm, or 0.8 W/kBtuh Context  Sizing * Conventional systems tend to be too large for low load homes

246

Financing Distributed Generation  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper introduces the engineer who is undertaking distributed generation projects to a wide range of financing options. Distributed generation systems (such as internal combustion engines, small gas turbines, fuel cells and photovoltaics) all require an initial investment, which is recovered over time through revenues or savings. An understanding of the cost of capital and financing structures helps the engineer develop realistic expectations and not be offended by the common requirements of financing organizations. This paper discusses several mechanisms for financing distributed generation projects: appropriations; debt (commercial bank loan); mortgage; home equity loan; limited partnership; vendor financing; general obligation bond; revenue bond; lease; Energy Savings Performance Contract; utility programs; chauffage (end-use purchase); and grants. The paper also discusses financial strategies for businesses focusing on distributed generation: venture capital; informal investors (''business angels''); bank and debt financing; and the stock market.

Walker, A.

2001-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

247

Coal Distribution Database, 2008  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4Q 2009 4Q 2009 April 2010 Quarterly Coal Distribution Table Format and Data Sources 4Q 2009 In keeping with EIA's efforts to increase the timeliness of its reports, this Quarterly Coal Distribution Report is a preliminary report, based on the most current data available from EIA's various monthly, quarterly and annual surveys of the coal industry and electric power generation industry. The final report will rely on the receipt of annual data to replace the imputed monthly data for smaller electric generation plants that are excluded from the monthly filing requirement, and final data for all other respondents. The Coal Distribution Report traces coal from the origin State to the destination State by transportation mode. The data sources beginning with the 2008 Coal Distribution Report

248

CONSULTANT REPORT DISTRIBUTED GENERATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, renewables, interconnection, integration, electricity, distribution, transmission, costs. Please use Coldwell Project Manager Ivin Rhyne Office Manager Electricity Analysis Office Sylvia Bender Deputy Director Electricity Supply Analysis Division Robert P. Oglesby Executive Director DISCLAIMER

249

A distributed Hash table  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DHash is a new system that harnesses the storage and network resources of computers distributed across the Internet by providing a wide-area storage service, DHash. DHash frees applications from re-implementing mechanisms ...

Dabek, Frank (Frank Edward), 1977-

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Distributed service composition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we explore the use of action systems for distributed service composition. Distributed systems can be composed out of a basic computation and a set of services. Even though this way of designing a system out of components helps in managing the derivation task, formal description techniques are needed due to the complexity of distributed systems. We propose a method where services, or features as they are often called, are speci ed in isolation by the service provider. The services when available are used by clients in a distributed manner. Reasoning about the services and their interactions with each other and with the basic computation of the clients is carried out within the re nement calculus. To exemplify the proposed methodology we study feature composition and feature interaction in telecommunications software.

Joost N. Kok; Kaisa Sere

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Ad Hoc Distributed Simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An ad hoc distributed simulation is a collection of autonomous on-line simulations brought together to model an operational system. They offer the potential of increased accuracy, responsiveness, and robustness compared to centralized approaches. They ...

Richard Fujimoto; Michael Hunter; Jason Sirichoke; Mahesh Palekar; Hoe Kim; Wonho Suh

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Financing Distributed Generation  

SciTech Connect

This paper introduces the engineer who is undertaking distributed generation projects to a wide range of financing options. Distributed generation systems (such as internal combustion engines, small gas turbines, fuel cells and photovoltaics) all require an initial investment, which is recovered over time through revenues or savings. An understanding of the cost of capital and financing structures helps the engineer develop realistic expectations and not be offended by the common requirements of financing organizations. This paper discusses several mechanisms for financing distributed generation projects: appropriations; debt (commercial bank loan); mortgage; home equity loan; limited partnership; vendor financing; general obligation bond; revenue bond; lease; Energy Savings Performance Contract; utility programs; chauffage (end-use purchase); and grants. The paper also discusses financial strategies for businesses focusing on distributed generation: venture capital; informal investors (''business angels''); bank and debt financing; and the stock market.

Walker, A.

2001-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

253

Parallel and Distributed Haskells  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Parallel and distributed languages specify computations on multiple processors and have a computation language to describe the algorithm, i.e. what to compute, and a coordination language to describe how to organise the computations across ...

P. W. Trinder; H.-W. Loidl; R. F. Pointon

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Multimodal Raindrop Size Distributions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The raindrop size distributions (DSDs) observed over a short span usually have an erratic shape, with several relative maxima. This multimodal structure is studied from disdrometer data acquired in tropical and midlatitude areas. It is shown that ...

Henri Sauvageot; Manlandon Koffi

2000-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Underground Distribution Sensors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Rising costs of new infrastructure, increasing demand, and a declining number of available workers will drive utilities to operate as efficiently as possible. The practice of overbuilding infrastructure to improve or maintain reliability will be viewed as cost-inefficient. Utilities will be forced to operate distribution systems more dynamically and efficiently. Distribution sensors will help provide the needed information to utilities to achieve the goal of dynamic efficiency. The Underground Distributi...

2009-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

256

Equilibrium Distributions and Superconductivity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this article two models for charges distributions are discussed. On the basis of our consideration we put different points of view for stationary state. We prove that only finite energy model for charges' distribution and well-known variation principle explain some well-known experimental results. A new model for superconductivity was suggested, too. In frame of that model some characteristic experimental results for superconductors is possible to explain.

Ashot Vagharshakyan

2011-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

257

Overhead Distribution Vegetation Challenges  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is not uncommon for overhead distribution conductors to make contact with trees. While these incidental contacts can be either intermittent or relatively persistent, they are typically not detectable by overcurrent protection systems and do not result in interruptions on distribution circuits. This report focuses on the levels of fault currents and voltage gradients found along the fault pathway provided by trees from point of contact to earth. The purpose of this investigation was to measure the volt...

2008-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

258

Imaging the Earth's Interior: the Angular Distribution of Terrestrial Neutrinos  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Decays of radionuclides throughout the Earth's interior produce geothermal heat, but also are a source of antineutrinos. The (angle-integrated) geoneutrino flux places an integral constraint on the terrestrial radionuclide distribution. In this paper, we calculate the angular distribution of geoneutrinos, which opens a window on the differential radionuclide distribution. We develop the general formalism for the neutrino angular distribution, and we present the inverse transformation which recovers the terrestrial radioisotope distribution given a measurement of the neutrino angular distribution. Thus, geoneutrinos not only allow a means to image the Earth's interior, but offering a direct measure of the radioactive Earth, both (1) revealing the Earth's inner structure as probed by radionuclides, and (2) allowing for a complete determination of the radioactive heat generation as a function of radius. We present the geoneutrino angular distribution for the favored Earth model which has been used to calculate geoneutrino flux. In this model the neutrino generation is dominated by decays in the Earth's mantle and crust; this leads to a very ``peripheral'' angular distribution, in which 2/3 of the neutrinos come from angles > 60 degrees away from the downward vertical. We note the possibility of that the Earth's core contains potassium; different geophysical predictions lead to strongly varying, and hence distinguishable, central intensities (< 30 degrees from the downward vertical). Other uncertainties in the models, and prospects for observation of the geoneutrino angular distribution, are briefly discussed. We conclude by urging the development and construction of antineutrino experiments with angular sensitivity. (Abstract abridged.)

Brian D. Fields; Kathrin A. Hochmuth

2004-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

259

HP-67 CALCULATOR PROGRAMS FOR THERMODYNAMIC DATA AND PHASE DIAGRAM CALCULATIONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Selected Values of the Thermodynamic Properties of theI-, Estimation of Thermodynamic D.ata and Phase Diagrams. ,CALCULATOR PROGRAMS FOR THERMODYNAMIC DATA AND PHASE DIAGRAM

Brewer, Leo

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Impact Ionization Model Using Average Energy and Average Square Energy of Distribution Function  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Impact Ionization Model Using Average Energy and Average Square Energy of Distribution Function Ken relaxation length, v sat ø h''i (¸ 0:05¯m), the energy distribution function is not well described calculation of impact ionization coefficient requires the use of a high energy distribution function because

Dunham, Scott

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interchange distribution calculator" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Calculation of radiation therapy dose using all particle Monte Carlo transport  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The actual radiation dose absorbed in the body is calculated using three-dimensional Monte Carlo transport. Neutrons, protons, deuterons, tritons, helium-3, alpha particles, photons, electrons, and positrons are transported in a completely coupled manner, using this Monte Carlo All-Particle Method (MCAPM). The major elements of the invention include: computer hardware, user description of the patient, description of the radiation source, physical databases, Monte Carlo transport, and output of dose distributions. This facilitated the estimation of dose distributions on a Cartesian grid for neutrons, photons, electrons, positrons, and heavy charged-particles incident on any biological target, with resolutions ranging from microns to centimeters. Calculations can be extended to estimate dose distributions on general-geometry (non-Cartesian) grids for biological and/or non-biological media.

Chandler, William P. (Tracy, CA); Hartmann-Siantar, Christine L. (San Ramon, CA); Rathkopf, James A. (Livermore, CA)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Multipole Electrostatics in Hydration Free Energy Calculations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Multipole Electrostatics in Hydration Free Energy Calculations YUE SHI,1 CHUANJIE WU,2 JAY W. PONDER,2 PENGYU REN1 1 Department of Biomedical Engineering, The University of Texas, Austin, Texas 78712: Hydration free energy (HFE) is generally used for evaluating molecular solubility, which is an important

Ponder, Jay

263

Problems in electromagnetic mass-difference calculations  

SciTech Connect

A brief discussion is given on the progress made thus far in calculating the electromagnetic mass differences of elementary particles. Some of the methods discussed include Feynman's method, Cottinghams method, the methods involving Bjorken scaling iunctions, and the formalism of Dashen and Frautschi. (LBS)

Majumdar, D.P.

1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

URANIUM MILL TAILINGS RADON FLUX CALCULATIONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

URANIUM MILL TAILINGS RADON FLUX CALCULATIONS PI?ON RIDGE PROJECT MONTROSE COUNTY, COLORADO (EFRC) proposes to license, construct, and operate a conventional acid leach uranium and vanadium mill storage pad, and access roads. The mill is designed to process ore containing uranium and vanadium

265

Cool Roof Calculator | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cool Roof Calculator Cool Roof Calculator Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Cool Roof Calculator Agency/Company /Organization: Oak Ridge National Laboratory Sector: Energy Focus Area: Buildings, Energy Efficiency Resource Type: Online calculator, Software/modeling tools User Interface: Website Website: www.ornl.gov/sci/roofs+walls/facts/CoolCalcEnergy.htm Country: United States Cost: Free Northern America Coordinates: 37.09024°, -95.712891° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.09024,"lon":-95.712891,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

266

Improved Calculation of Thermal Fission Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thermal fission energy is one of the basic parameters needed in the calculation of antineutrino flux for reactor neutrino experiments. It is useful to improve the precision of the thermal fission energy calculation for current and future reactor neutrino experiments, which are aimed at more precise determination of neutrino oscillation parameters. In this article, we give new values for thermal fission energies of some common thermal reactor fuel isotopes, with improvements on three aspects. One is more recent input data acquired from updated nuclear databases. the second one is a consideration of the production yields of fission fragments from both thermal and fast incident neutrons for each of the four main fuel isotopes. The last one is more carefully calculation of the average energy taken away by antineutrinos in thermal fission with the comparison of antineutrino spectrum from different models. The change in calculated antineutrino flux due to the new values of thermal fission energy is about 0.32%, and the uncertainties of the new values are about 50% smaller.

X. B. Ma; W. L. Zhong; L. Z. Wang; Y. X. Chen; J. Cao

2012-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

267

Calculation of Kinetics Parameters for the NBSR  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The delayed neutron fraction and prompt neutron lifetime have been calculated at different times in the fuel cycle for the NBSR when fueled with both high-enriched uranium (HEU) and low-enriched uranium (LEU) fuel. The best-estimate values for both the delayed neutron fraction and the prompt neutron lifetime are the result of calculations using MCNP5-1.60 with the most recent ENDFB-VII evaluations. The best-estimate values for the total delayed neutron fraction from fission products are 0.00665 and 0.00661 for the HEU fueled core at startup and end-of-cycle, respectively. For the LEU fuel the best estimate values are 0.00650 and 0.00648 at startup and end-of-cycle, respectively. The present recommendations for the delayed neutron fractions from fission products are smaller than the value reported previously of 0.00726 for the HEU fuel. The best-estimate values for the contribution from photoneutrons will remain as 0.000316, independent of the fuel or time in the cycle.The values of the prompt neutron lifetime as calculated with MCNP5-1.60 are compared to values calculated with two other independent methods and the results are in reasonable agreement with each other. The recommended, conservative values of the neutron lifetime for the HEU fuel are 650 {micro}s and 750 {micro}s for the startup and end-of-cycle conditions, respectively. For LEU fuel the recommended, conservative values are 600 {micro}s and 700 {micro}s for the startup and end-of-cycle conditions, respectively. In all three calculations, the prompt neutron lifetime was determined to be longer for the end-of-cycle equilibrium condition when compared to the startup condition. The results of the three analyses were in agreement that the LEU fuel will exhibit a shorter prompt neutron lifetime when compared to the HEU fuel.

Hanson A. L.; Diamond D.

2012-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

268

Measuring advances in HVAC distribution system designs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Substantial commercial building energy savings have been achieved by improving the performance of the HVAC distribution system. The energy savings result from distribution system design improvements, advanced control capabilities, and use of variable-speed motors. Yet, much of the commercial building stock remains equipped with inefficient systems. Contributing to this is the absence of a definition for distribution system efficiency as well as the analysis methods for quantifying performance. This research investigates the application of performance indices to assess design advancements in commercial building thermal distribution systems. The index definitions are based on a first and second law of thermodynamics analysis of the system. The second law or availability analysis enables the determination of the true efficiency of the system. Availability analysis is a convenient way to make system efficiency comparisons since performance is evaluated relative to an ideal process. A TRNSYS simulation model is developed to analyze the performance of two distribution system types, a constant air volume system and a variable air volume system, that serve one floor of a large office building. Performance indices are calculated using the simulation results to compare the performance of the two systems types in several locations. Changes in index values are compared to changes in plant energy, costs, and carbon emissions to explore the ability of the indices to estimate these quantities.

Franconi, Ellen

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Measuring Advances in HVAC Distribution System Design  

SciTech Connect

Substantial commercial building energy savings have been achieved by improving the performance of the HV AC distribution system. The energy savings result from distribution system design improvements, advanced control capabilities, and use of variable-speed motors. Yet, much of the commercial building stock remains equipped with inefficient systems. Contributing to this is the absence of a definition for distribution system efficiency as well as the analysis methods for quantifying performance. This research investigates the application of performance indices to assess design advancements in commercial building thermal distribution systems. The index definitions are based on a first and second law of thermodynamics analysis of the system. The second law or availability analysis enables the determination of the true efficiency of the system. Availability analysis is a convenient way to make system efficiency comparisons since performance is evaluated relative to an ideal process. A TRNSYS simulation model is developed to analyze the performance of two distribution system types, a constant air volume system and a variable air volume system, that serve one floor of a large office building. Performance indices are calculated using the simulation results to compare the performance of the two systems types in several locations. Changes in index values are compared to changes in plant energy, costs, and carbon emissions to explore the ability of the indices to estimate these quantities.

Franconi, E.

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Distribution System Planning with Distributed Generation: Optimal versus Heuristic Approach.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Distribution system design and planning is facing a major change in paradigm because of deregulation of the power industry and with rapid penetration of distributed (more)

Bin Humayd, Abdullah

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Inheritance of cotton fiber length and distribution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fiber quality data from five upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) genotypes, which were grown at College Station, TX during 2001 and 2002, were subjected to diallel and generation means analyses to determine the potential for improvement of fiber length and to determine the inheritance of length distribution data. Four near-long staple (NLS) upland cotton genotypes and one short-staple genotype were crossed in all combinations, excluding reciprocals. Estimates of general (GCA) and specific combining ability (SCA) for fiber length based on Griffingâ??s diallel Model I, Method 4 were calculated for high volume instrumentation (HVI) upper-half mean (UHM) fiber length and advance fiber information system (AFIS) mean fiber length by weight (FLw), mean fiber length by number (FLn), upper quartile length by weight (Uqlw), fiber length distribution cross entropy (using 3 different standard or check distributions - CEA, CEB, and CEC), fiber length distribution kurtosis (FLwKurt), and fiber length distribution skewness (FLwSkew) for FLw. Across environments, GCA effects were significant for fiber length measurements of UHM, FLw, FLn, Uqlw, and SFCw and distribution measurements of CEA, CEB, FLwKurt, and FLwSkew. On the basis of GCA effects, TAM 94L-25 was the best parent to be used in a cross to improve upland fiber length, while Acala 1517-99 was the parent of choice to improve distribution among the 4 parents tested. The inheritance of AFIS fiber length measurements and distribution data was estimated using parents, F1, F2, and backcross generations. The magnitude and significance of the estimates for non-allelic effects in the parental combinations suggest that epistatic gene effects are present and important in the basic mechanism of AFIS fiber length and length distribution inheritance for the populations studied. Gene effects and variances for all AFIS fiber length and distribution data measurements were inherited differently in different environments and specific parental combination, suggesting environmentally specific mechanisms. Developing genotypes with enhanced fiber length and an optimal fiber length distribution should be a priority to improve spinning performance and product quality of U.S. upland cotton.

Braden, Chris Alan

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Computing Frontier: Distributed Computing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Computing Computing Frontier: Distributed Computing and Facility Infrastructures Conveners: Kenneth Bloom 1 , Richard Gerber 2 1 Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Nebraska-Lincoln 2 National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC), Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory 1.1 Introduction The field of particle physics has become increasingly reliant on large-scale computing resources to address the challenges of analyzing large datasets, completing specialized computations and simulations, and allowing for wide-spread participation of large groups of researchers. For a variety of reasons, these resources have become more distributed over a large geographic area, and some resources are highly specialized computing machines. In this report for the Snowmass Computing Frontier Study, we consider several questions about distributed computing

273

Distributed Wind Market Applications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Distributed Wind Market Distributed Wind Market Applications T. Forsyth and I. Baring-Gould Technical Report NREL/TP-500-39851 November 2007 NREL is operated by Midwest Research Institute ● Battelle Contract No. DE-AC36-99-GO10337 National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard, Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Operated for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy by Midwest Research Institute * Battelle Contract No. DE-AC36-99-GO10337 Technical Report NREL/TP-500-39851 November 2007 Distributed Wind Market Applications T. Forsyth and I. Baring-Gould Prepared under Task No. WER6.7502 NOTICE This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government.

274

Hydrogen Pathway Cost Distributions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Pathway Cost Distributions Pathway Cost Distributions Jim Uihlein Fuel Pathways Integration Tech Team January 25, 2006 2 Outline * Pathway-Independent Cost Goal * Cost Distribution Objective * Overview * H2A Influence * Approach * Implementation * Results * Discussion Process * Summary 3 Hydrogen R&D Cost Goal * Goal is pathway independent * Developed through a well defined, transparent process * Consumer fueling costs are equivalent or less on a cents per mile basis * Evolved gasoline ICE and gasoline-electric hybrids are benchmarks * R&D guidance provided in two forms * Evolved gasoline ICE defines a threshold hydrogen cost used to screen or eliminate options which can't show ability to meet target * Gasoline-electric hybrid defines a lower hydrogen cost used to prioritize projects for resource allocation

275

Coal Distribution Database, 2008  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Destination State, Destination State, Consumer, Destination and Method of Transportation 3Q 2009 February 2010 Quarterly Coal Distribution Table Format and Data Sources 3Q 2009 In keeping with EIA's efforts to increase the timeliness of its reports, this Quarterly Coal Distribution Report is a preliminary report, based on the most current data available from EIA's various monthly, quarterly and annual surveys of the coal industry and electric power generation industry. The final report will rely on the receipt of annual data to replace the imputed monthly data for smaller electric generation plants that are excluded from the monthly filing requirement, and final data for all other respondents. The Coal Distribution Report traces coal from the origin State to the destination State by

276

Coal Distribution Database, 2006  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

7 7 December 2008 2007 Changes in Coal Distribution Table Format and Data Sources The changes in the coal distribution data sources made in 2006 are carried over to the 2007 tables. As in 2006, EIA used data from the EIA-3 survey to distribute synfuel to the electric generation sector on a state level, aggregated with all of the other coal (such as bituminous, subbituminous, and lignite coal) sent to electric generating plants. EIA supplemented the EIA-3 data with previously collected information to determine the mode of transportation from the synfuel plant to the electric generating consumer, which was not reported on the EIA-3A survey form. Although not contained in the EIA-6A master file, this information has been documented in an ancillary spreadsheet in the EIA

277

Coal Distribution Database, 2008  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Origin State, Origin State, Consumer, Destination and Method of Transportation 3Q 2009 February 2010 Quarterly Coal Distribution Table Format and Data Sources 3Q 2009 In keeping with EIA's efforts to increase the timeliness of its reports, this Quarterly Coal Distribution Report is a preliminary report, based on the most current data available from EIA's various monthly, quarterly and annual surveys of the coal industry and electric power generation industry. The final report will rely on the receipt of annual data to replace the imputed monthly data for smaller electric generation plants that are excluded from the monthly filing requirement, and final data for all other respondents. The Coal Distribution Report traces coal from the origin State to the destination State by

278

distribution | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

distribution distribution Dataset Summary Description This dataset represents a historical repository of all the numerical data from the smartgrid.gov website condensed into spreadsheets to enable analysis of the data. Below are a couple of things worth noting: Source Smartgrid.gov Date Released March 04th, 2013 (11 months ago) Date Updated March 04th, 2013 (11 months ago) Keywords AMI costs distribution smart grid transmission Data application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet icon SmartGrid.gov Quarterly Data Summary 4Q12 (xlsx, 112.1 KiB) application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet icon SmartGrid.gov Quarterly Data Summary 3Q12 (xlsx, 107.9 KiB) application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet icon SmartGrid.gov Quarterly Data Summary 2Q12 (xlsx, 111.9 KiB)

279

Distribution of Mutual Information  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the analysis of time series from nonlinear sources, mutual information (MI) is used as a nonlinear statistical criterion for the selection of an appropriate time delay in time delay reconstruction of the state space. MI is a statistic over the sets of sequences associated with the dynamical source, and we examine here the distribution of MI, thus going beyond the familiar analysis of its average alone. We give for the first time the distribution of MI for a standard, classical communications channel with Gaussian, additive white noise. For time series analysis of a dynamical system, we show how to determine the distribution of MI and discuss the implications for the use of average mutual information (AMI) in selecting time delays in phase space reconstruction.

Henry D. I. Abarbanel; Naoki Masuda; M. I. Rabinovich; Evren Tumer

2000-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

280

Distributed data transmitter  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A distributed data transmitter (DTXR) which is an adaptive data communication microwave transmitter having a distributable architecture of modular components, and which incorporates both digital and microwave technology to provide substantial improvements in physical and operational flexibility. The DTXR has application in, for example, remote data acquisition involving the transmission of telemetry data across a wireless link, wherein the DTXR is integrated into and utilizes available space within a system (e.g., a flight vehicle). In a preferred embodiment, the DTXR broadly comprises a plurality of input interfaces; a data modulator; a power amplifier; and a power converter, all of which are modularly separate and distinct so as to be substantially independently physically distributable and positionable throughout the system wherever sufficient space is available.

Brown, Kenneth Dewayne (Grain Valley, MO); Dunson, David (Kansas City, MO)

2006-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interchange distribution calculator" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Distributed data transmitter  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A distributed data transmitter (DTXR) which is an adaptive data communication microwave transmitter having a distributable architecture of modular components, and which incorporates both digital and microwave technology to provide substantial improvements in physical and operational flexibility. The DTXR has application in, for example, remote data acquisition involving the transmission of telemetry data across a wireless link, wherein the DTXR is integrated into and utilizes available space within a system (e.g., a flight vehicle). In a preferred embodiment, the DTXR broadly comprises a plurality of input interfaces; a data modulator; a power amplifier; and a power converter, all of which are modularly separate and distinct so as to be substantially independently physically distributable and positionable throughout the system wherever sufficient space is available.

Brown, Kenneth Dewayne (Grain Valley, MO); Dunson, David (Kansas City, MO)

2008-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

282

Distributed Wind Market Applications  

SciTech Connect

Distributed wind energy systems provide clean, renewable power for on-site use and help relieve pressure on the power grid while providing jobs and contributing to energy security for homes, farms, schools, factories, private and public facilities, distribution utilities, and remote locations. America pioneered small wind technology in the 1920s, and it is the only renewable energy industry segment that the United States still dominates in technology, manufacturing, and world market share. The series of analyses covered by this report were conducted to assess some of the most likely ways that advanced wind turbines could be utilized apart from large, central station power systems. Each chapter represents a final report on specific market segments written by leading experts in this field. As such, this document does not speak with one voice but rather a compendium of different perspectives, which are documented from a variety of people in the U.S. distributed wind field.

Forsyth, T.; Baring-Gould, I.

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Development of mathematical pediatric phantoms for internal dose calculations: designs, limitations, and prospects  

SciTech Connect

Mathematical phantoms of the human body at various ages are employed with Monte Carlo radiation transport codes for calculation of photon specific absorbed fractions. The author has developed a pediatric phantom series based on the design of the adult phantom, but with explicit equations for each organ so that organ sizes and marrow distributions could be assigned properly. Since the phantoms comprise simple geometric shapes, predictive dose capability is limited when geometry is critical to the calculation. Hence, there is a demand for better phantom design in situations where geometry is critical, such as for external irradiation or for internal emitters with low energy photons. Recent advances in computerized axial tomography (CAT) present the potential for derivation of anatomical information, which is so critical to development of phantoms, and ongoing developmental work on compuer architecture to handle large arrays for Monte Carlo calculations should make complex-geometry dose calculations economically feasible within this decade.

Cristy, M.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Calculations of slurry pump jet impingement loads  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents a methodology to calculate the impingement load in the region of a submerged turbulent jet where a potential core exits and the jet is not fully developed. The profile of the jet flow velocities is represented by a piece-wise linear function which satisfies the conservation of momentum flux of the jet flow. The adequacy of the of the predicted jet expansion is further verified by considering the continuity of the jet flow from the region of potential core to the fully developed region. The jet impingement load can be calculated either as a direct impingement force or a drag force using the jet velocity field determined by the methodology presented.

Wu, T.T.

1996-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

285

Validation of Dose Calculation Codes for Clearance  

SciTech Connect

Various international and national bodies such as the International Atomic Energy Agency, the European Commission, the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission have put forward proposals or guidance documents to regulate the ''clearance'' from regulatory control of very low level radioactive material, in order to allow its recycling as a material management practice. All these proposals are based on predicted scenarios for subsequent utilization of the released materials. The calculation models used in these scenarios tend to utilize conservative data regarding exposure times and dose uptake as well as other assumptions as a safeguard against uncertainties. None of these models has ever been validated by comparison with the actual real life practice of recycling. An international project was organized in order to validate some of the assumptions made in these calculation models, and, thereby, better assess the radiological consequences of recycling on a practical large scale.

Menon, S.; Wirendal, B.; Bjerler, J.; Studsvik; Teunckens, L.

2003-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

286

CFD calculations of S809 aerodynamic characteristics  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Steady-state, two-dimensional CFD calculations were made for the S809 laminar-flow, wind-turbine airfoil using the commercial code CFD-ACE. Comparisons of the computed pressure and aerodynamic coefficients were made with wind tunnel data from the Delft University 1.8 m x 1.25 m low-turbulence wind tunnel. This work highlights two areas in CFD that require further investigation and development in order to enable accurate numerical simulations of flow about current generation wind-turbine airfoils: transition prediction and turbulence modeling. The results show that the laminar-to-turbulent transition point must be modeled correctly to get accurate simulations for attached flow. Calculations also show that the standard turbulence model used in most commercial CFD codes, the k-{epsilon} model, is not appropriate at angles of attack with flow separation.

Wolfe, W.P. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Ochs, S.S. [Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Asymptotic normalization coefficients from ab initio calculations.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present calculations of asymptotic normalization coefficients (ANCs) for one-nucleon removals from nuclear states of mass numbers 3 {le} A {le} 9. Our ANCs were computed from variational Monte Carlo solutions to the many-body Schroedinger equation with the combined Argonne v{sub 18} two-nucleon and Urbana IX three-nucleon potentials. Instead of computing explicit overlap integrals, we applied a Green function method that is insensitive to the difficulties of constructing and Monte Carlo sampling the long-range tails of the variational wave functions. This method also allows computation of the ANC at the physical separation energy, even when it differs from the separation energy for the Hamiltonian. We compare our results, which for most nuclei are the first ab initio calculations of ANCs, with existing experimental and theoretical results and discuss further possible applications of the technique.

Nollett, K. M.; Wiringa, R. B. (Physics)

2011-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

288

Distribution System Research Priorities  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Mark McGranaghan Mark McGranaghan EPRI ELECTRICITY DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM WORKSHOP Crystal City, VA September 24, 2012 Distribution System Research Priorities 2 © 2012 Electric Power Research Institute, Inc. All rights reserved. The Power System Roadmaps start with a Vision Future Power System will require new technologies, infrastructure, and control systems 3 © 2012 Electric Power Research Institute, Inc. All rights reserved. R&D Roadmaps - Coordination is Critical Roadmaps are living documents 4 © 2012 Electric Power Research Institute, Inc. All rights reserved. Developing the next generation grid * Industry needs new technologies, communication protocols, and information management methods - More variable generation sources and controllable loads - Aging infrastructure

289

Steam Generator Management Program: Flaw Handbook Calculator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The EPRI Steam Generator Management Program: Steam Generator Degradation Specific Flaw Handbook v1.0 defines burst pressure equations for steam generator tubes with various degradation morphologies, and the EPRI Steam Generator Management Program: Steam Generator Integrity Assessment Guidelines (1019038) describes a probabilistic evaluation process which can be used to account for key input parameter uncertainties. The Flaw Handbook Calculator software is an automated Microsoft Excelspreadsheet which cal...

2010-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

290

Bases for pump pit requirements calculations  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A task team is preparing the Process Requirements for the interarea transfer pump pits at the Defense Waste Process Facility (DWPF). The team is developing requirements to prevent flammable mixtures from forming and requires values to use on the generation of various components such as benzene, hydrogen, and N20. The purpose of this memorandum is to document values to be used and to provide sample calculations using these values. There are no recommendations contained in this document.

Jacobs, R.A.

1992-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

291

Free Energy Calculation in MD Simulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Free Energy Calculation in MD Simulation #12;Basic Thermodynamics Helmoholtz free energy A = U ­ TS + i Ni dA = wrev (reversible, const N V T) eq (22.9) McQuarrie & Simon Gibbs free energy G = U;Implication of Free Energy A B Keq = [A]/[B] Keq = exp (-G0 /RT) G0 = -RT ln Keq G = G0 + RT ln Q G > 0

Nielsen, Steven O.

292

Agriculture-related radiation dose calculations  

SciTech Connect

Estimates of radiation dose to the public must be made at each stage in the identification and qualification process leading to siting a high-level nuclear waste repository. Specifically considering the ingestion pathway, this paper examines questions of reliability and adequacy of dose calculations in relation to five stages of data availability (geologic province, region, area, location, and mass balance) and three methods of calculation (population, population/food production, and food production driven). Calculations were done using the model PABLM with data for the Permian and Palo Duro Basins and the Deaf Smith County area. Extra effort expended in gathering agricultural data at succeeding environmental characterization levels does not appear justified, since dose estimates do not differ greatly; that effort would be better spent determining usage of food types that contribute most to the total dose; and that consumption rate and the air dispersion factor are critical to assessment of radiation dose via the ingestion pathway. 17 refs., 9 figs., 32 tabs.

Furr, J.M.; Mayberry, J.J.; Waite, D.A.

1987-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Vestibule and Cask Preparation Mechanical Handling Calculation  

SciTech Connect

The scope of this document is to develop the size, operational envelopes, and major requirements of the equipment to be used in the vestibule, cask preparation area, and the crane maintenance area of the Fuel Handling Facility. This calculation is intended to support the License Application (LA) submittal of December 2004, in accordance with the directive given by DOE correspondence received on the 27th of January 2004 entitled: ''Authorization for Bechtel SAIC Company L.L.C. to Include a Bare Fuel Handling Facility and Increased Aging Capacity in the License Application, Contract Number DE-AC28-01R W12101'' (Ref. 167124). This correspondence was appended by further correspondence received on the 19th of February 2004 entitled: ''Technical Direction to Bechtel SAIC Company L.L. C. for Surface Facility Improvements, Contract Number DE-AC28-01R W12101; TDL No. 04-024'' (Ref. 16875 1). These documents give the authorization for a Fuel Handling Facility to be included in the baseline. The limitations of this preliminary calculation lie within the assumptions of section 5 , as this calculation is part of an evolutionary design process.

N. Ambre

2004-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

294

Simplified calculational procedure for determining the amount of intercepted sunlight in an imaging solar concentrator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In imaging solar concentrators, the solar radiation incident on a receiver surface depends upon both the overall concentrator shape and the angular distribution of light rays (sunshape) that reach the receiver. Calculation of the amount of sunlight incident on the receiver usually requires sophisticated computer programs. A simplified calculational procedure is presented to solve this problem for both one- and two-dimensional concentrators, with the results presented in graphical form. The procedure first determines the amount of sunshape broadening resulting from optical scattering caused by reflector or glazing materials, surface slope errors, or other ''mechanical'' factors such as tracking errors or vibrations. These optical effects are combined into an effective error cone which is convoluted with measured sunshapes in order to obtain effective, broadened sunshapes. Broadened sunshapes for a variety of effective error-cone distributions are calculated and presented. It is found that when the root-mean-square (RMS) width of the effective error cone is greater than approximately two times the RMS width of the incident sunshape, the broadened sunshape can be adequately described by a circular normal distribution. A specific example is included which illustrates the calculational procedure discussed in the paper.

Pettit, R.B.; Biggs, F.; Vittitoe, C.N.

1983-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Two-Cluster Distribution Functions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cluster Distribution Functions New New: Green's function Monte Carlo results We have computed momentum distributions and configuration space overlaps in a number of systems,...

296

Detailed Burnup Calculations for Testing Nuclear Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A general method (MCQ) has been developed by introducing a microscopic burnup scheme that uses the Monte Carlo calculated fluxes and microscopic reaction rates of a complex system and a depletion code for burnup calculations as a basis for solving nuclide material balance equations for each spatial region in which the system is divided. Continuous energy-dependent cross-section libraries and full 3D geometry of the system can be input for the calculations. The resulting predictions for the system at successive burnup time steps are thus based on a calculation route where both geometry and cross sections are accurately represented, without geometry simplifications and with continuous energy data, providing an independent approach for benchmarking other methods and nuclear data of actinides, fission products, and other burnable absorbers. The main advantage of this method over the classical deterministic methods currently used is that the MCQ System is a direct 3D method without the limitations and errors introduced on the homogenization of geometry and condensation of energy of deterministic methods. The Monte Carlo and burnup codes adopted until now are the widely used MCNP and ORIGEN codes, but other codes can be used also. For using this method, there is need of a well-known set of nuclear data for isotopes involved in burnup chains, including burnable poisons, fission products, and actinides. For fixing the data to be included in this set, a study of the present status of nuclear data is performed, as part of the development of the MCQ method. This study begins with a review of the available cross-section data of isotopes involved in burnup chains for power and research nuclear reactors. The main data needs for burnup calculations are neutron cross sections, decay constants, branching ratios, fission energy, and yields. The present work includes results of selected experimental benchmarks and conclusions about the sensitivity of different sets of cross-section data for burnup calculations, using some of the main available evaluated nuclear data files (ENDF-B-VI-Rel.8, JEFF-3.0, JENDL-3.3), on an isotope-by-isotope basis as much as possible. The selected experimental burnup benchmarks are reference cases for LWR and HWR reactors, with analysis of isotopic composition as a function of burnup. For LWR (H2O-moderated uranium oxide lattices) four benchmarks are included: ATM-104 NEA Burnup credit criticality benchmark; Yankee-Rowe Core V; H.B.Robinson Unit 2 and Turkey Point Unit 3. For HWR (D2O-moderated uranium oxide cluster lattices), three benchmarks were selected: NPD-19-rod Fuel Clusters; Pickering-28-rod Fuel Clusters; and Bruce-37-rod Fuel Clusters. The isotopes with experimental concentration data included in these benchmarks are: Se-79, Sr90, Tc99, Ru106, Sn126, Sb125,1129, Cs133-137, Nd143, 145, Sm149-150, 152, Eul53-155, U234-235, 238, Np237, Pu238-242, Am241-243, and Cm242-248. Results and analysis of differences between calculated and measured absolute and/or relative concentrations of these isotopes for the seven benchmarks are included in this work.

Leszczynski, F. [Centro Atomico Bariloche (CNEA), 8400 S.C.de Bariloche (Argentina)

2005-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

297

Enabling distributed petascale science.  

SciTech Connect

Petascale science is an end-to-end endeavour, involving not only the creation of massive datasets at supercomputers or experimental facilities, but the subsequent analysis of that data by a user community that may be distributed across many laboratories and universities. The new SciDAC Center for Enabling Distributed Petascale Science (CEDPS) is developing tools to support this end-to-end process. These tools include data placement services for the reliable, high-performance, secure, and policy-driven placement of data within a distributed science environment; tools and techniques for the construction, operation, and provisioning of scalable science services; and tools for the detection and diagnosis of failures in end-to-end data placement and distributed application hosting configurations. In each area, we build on a strong base of existing technology and have made useful progress in the first year of the project. For example, we have recently achieved order-of-magnitude improvements in transfer times (for lots of small files) and implemented asynchronous data staging capabilities; demonstrated dynamic deployment of complex application stacks for the STAR experiment; and designed and deployed end-to-end troubleshooting services. We look forward to working with SciDAC application and technology projects to realize the promise of petascale science.

Baranovski, A.; Bharathi, S.; Bresnahan, J.; chervenak, A.; Foster, I.; Fraser, D.; Freeman, T.; Gunter, D.; Jackson, K.; Keahey, K.; Kesselman, C.; Konerding, D. E.; Leroy, N.; Link, M.; Livny, M.; Miller, N.; Miller, R.; Oleynik, G.; Pearlman, L.; Schopf, J. M.; Schuler, R.; Tierney, B.; Mathematics and Computer Science; FNL; Univ. of Southern California; Univ. of Chicago; LBNL; Univ. of Wisconsin

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Ranking distributed probabilistic data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ranking queries are essential tools to process large amounts of probabilistic data that encode exponentially many possible deterministic instances. In many applications where uncertainty and fuzzy information arise, data are collected from multiple sources ... Keywords: distributed query processing, probabilistic data, ranking queries, top-k, uncertain databases

Feifei Li; Ke Yi; Jeffrey Jestes

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Distribution Arc Flash  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Arc flash from faults on distribution circuits is a safety issue that can impact work practices, protection requirements for line and substation workers, and relay and other overcurrent protection settings and practices. This report describes analysis methods and test results for EPRI-sponsored research on arc flash conducted in 2008.

2009-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

300

Online distributed sensor selection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A key problem in sensor networks is to decide which sensors to query when, in order to obtain the most useful information (e.g., for performing accurate prediction), subject to constraints (e.g., on power and bandwidth). In many applications the utility ... Keywords: approximation algorithms, distributed multiarmed bandit algorithms, sensor networks, submodular optimization

Daniel Golovin; Matthew Faulkner; Andreas Krause

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interchange distribution calculator" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Analysis of Voltage Rise Effect on Distribution Network with Distributed  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

appearance of hidden loads and affect the voltage profile of low voltage distribution network. To overcomeAnalysis of Voltage Rise Effect on Distribution Network with Distributed Generation M. A. Mahmud. This paper presents a detail analysis of how does voltage rise on distribution network due to the penetration

Pota, Himanshu Roy

302

Energy Efficiency CO2 Intensity Calculator (EE-CO2 Intensity Calculator) Version 3.0  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This spreadsheet calculator will allow members to quantify the impact of their energy efficiency savings and fuel displacement on carbon-dioxide emissions, specific to their region and the end-uses ...

2012-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

303

Distribution System Design for Strategic Use of Distributed Generation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This project was undertaken to identify distribution system design characteristics that limit widespread distributed generation (DG) penetration in utility distribution systems and to suggest new system design paths that increase strategic use of DG by distribution system operators. This work in 2005 was the first phase (requirements definition) of a multi-year project in the EPRI Advanced Distribution Automation (ADA) program plan. The multi-year project calls for design, implementation, and testing of ...

2005-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

304

Primer on Distributed Energy Resources for Distribution Planning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many factors -- including restructuring of the electric utility industry and an increased demand for electricity -- are driving the adoption of distributed energy technologies. This primer outlines the potential impacts that distributed generation and energy storage technologies (collectively called distributed energy resources) may have on utility distribution company planning. The primer focuses on distributed generation technologies with a capacity of 500 kW to 5 MW as well as energy storage systems w...

2002-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

305

Longshore sediment transport rate calculated incorporating wave orbital velocity fluctuations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Laboratory experiments were performed to study and improve longshore sediment transport rate predictions. Measured total longshore transport in the laboratory was approximately three times greater for plunging breakers than spilling breakers. Three distinct zones of longshore transport were observed across the surf zone: the incipient breaker zone, inner surf zone, and swash zone. Transport at incipient breaking was influenced by breaker type; inner surf zone transport was dominated by wave height, independent of wave period; and swash zone transport was dependent on wave period. Selected predictive formulas to compute total load and distributed load transport were compared to laboratory and field data. Equations by Kamphuis (1991) and Madsen et al. (2003) gave consistent total sediment transport estimates for both laboratory and field data. Additionally, the CERC formula predicted measurements well if calibrated and applied to similar breaker types. Each of the distributed load models had shortcomings. The energetics model of Bodge and Dean (1987) was sensitive to fluctuations in energy dissipation and often predicted transport peaks that were not present in the data. The Watanabe (1992) equation, based on time-averaged bottom stress, predicted no transport at most laboratory locations. The Van Rijn (1993) model was comprehensive and required hydrodynamic, bedform, and sediment data. The model estimated the laboratory cross-shore distribution well, but greatly overestimated field transport. Seven models were developed in this study based on the principle that transported sediment is mobilized by the total shear stress acting on the bottom and transported by the current at that location. Shear stress, including the turbulent component, was calculated from the wave orbital velocity. Models 1 through 3 gave good estimates of the transport distribution, but underpredicted the transport peak near the plunging wave breakpoint. A suspension term was included in Models 4 through 7, which improved estimates near breaking for plunging breakers. Models 4, 5 and 7 also compared well to the field measurements. It was concluded that breaker type is an important variable in determining the amount of transport that occurs at a location. Lastly, inclusion of the turbulent component of the orbital velocity is vital in predictive sediment transport equations.

Smith, Ernest Ray

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Self-consistent Green's function calculation of 16O at small missing energies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Calculations of the one-hole spectral function of 16O for small missing energies are reviewed. The self-consistent Green's function approach is employed together with the Faddeev equations technique in order to study the coupling of both particle-particle and particle-hole phonons to the single-particle motion. The results indicate that the characteristics of hole fragmentation are related to the low-lying states of 16O and an improvement of the description of this spectrum, beyond the random phase approximation, is required to understand the experimental strength distribution. A first calculation in this direction that accounts for two-phonon states is discussed.

C. Barbieri; W. H. Dickhoff

2004-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

307

Calculation of the charge-carrier mobility in diamond at low temperatures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The discrepancies between the quasi-elastic and inelastic approaches to the calculation of the electron and hole mobilities in diamond at low temperatures when the carrier scattering from acoustic phonons becomes significantly inelastic have been numerically estimated. The calculations showed that the mobility described by a close-to-equilibrium distribution function differs several times from that obtained within the quasi-elastic approach even at 20 K. The results obtained are important for interpreting the low-temperature electrical experiments on high-purity diamond single crystals.

Baturin, A. S.; Gorelkin, V. N.; Soloviev, V. R.; Chernousov, I. V., E-mail: ichernousov@inbox.ru [Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (Russian Federation)

2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

308

Simplified scheme or radioactive plume calculations  

SciTech Connect

A simplified mathematical scheme to estimate external whole-body $gamma$ radiation exposure rates from gaseous radioactive plumes was developed for the Rio Blanco Gas Field Nuclear Stimulation Experiment. The method enables one to calculate swiftly, in the field, downwind exposure rates knowing the meteorological conditions and $gamma$ radiation exposure rates measured by detectors positioned near the plume source. The method is straightforward and easy to use under field conditions without the help of mini-computers. It is applicable to a wide range of radioactive plume situations. It should be noted that the Rio Blanco experiment was detonated on May 17, 1973, and no seep or release of radioactive material occurred. (auth)

Gibson, T.A.; Montan, D.N.

1976-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

309

Properly Understanding the Impacts of Distributed Resources on Distribution Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The subject paper discusses important impacts of distributed resources on distribution networks and feeders. These include capacity, line losses, voltage regulation, and central system support (such as volt/var via central generators and substation) as the number, placement and penetration levels of distributed resources are varied. Typically, the impacts of distributed resources on the distribution system are studied by using steady-state rather than dynamic analysis tools. However, the response time and transient impacts of both system equipment (such as substation/feeder capacitors) and distributed resources needs to be taken into account and only dynamic analysis will provide the full impact results. ORNL is wrapping up a study of distributed resources interconnected to a large distribution system considering the above variables. A report of the study and its results will be condensed into a paper for this panel session. The impact of distributed resources will vary as the penetration level reaches the capacity of the distribution feeder/system. The question is how high of a penetration of distributed resource can be accommodated on the distribution feeder/system without any major changes to system operation, design and protection. The impacts most surely will vary depending upon load composition, distribution and level. Also, it is expected that various placement of distributed resources will impact the distribution system differently.

Rizy, D Tom [ORNL; Li, Fangxing [ORNL; Li, Huijuan [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Adhikari, Sarina [ORNL; Kueck, John D [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Advanced gas distribution research at IGT  

SciTech Connect

The Institute of Gas Technology (IGT) has made substantial progress on its multi-year program in demonstrating the technical feasibility of integrated, automated gas distribution systems. The objective of this program is to address automation of distribution as a total system, rather than automation of individual features. This work is geared towards developing a compatible, modular automation system to benefit gas utilities. The system must have an open architecture so that any manufacturer can produce equipment that will be compatible with all other system components. There are approximately 30 capabilities that the laboratory system will ultimately demonstrate, and 10 are now functional. These include: gas meter reading, bill calculation and printing, multiple rate billing, tamper detection, electronic reconfiguration, global commands, remote city gate station control, district meter reading, cathodic protection potential reading, and automatic differential pressure reading.

Rush, W.F. Jr.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Free volume distribution of nearly jammed hard sphere packings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We calculate the free volume distributions of nearly jammed packings of monodisperse and bidisperse hard sphere configurations. These distributions differ qualitatively from those of the fluid, displaying a power law tail at large free volumes, which constitutes a distinct signature of nearly jammed configurations, persisting for moderate degrees of decompression. We reproduce and explain the observed distribution by considering the pair correlation function within the first coordination shell for jammed hard sphere configurations. We analyze features of the equation of state near jamming, and discuss the significance of observed asphericities of the free volumes to the equation of state.

Moumita Maiti; Srikanth Sastry

2013-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

312

Using EnergyPlus for California Title-24 compliance calculations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Using EnergyPlus for California Title-24 compliance calculations Title Using EnergyPlus for California Title-24 compliance calculations Publication Type Conference Paper LBNL...

313

Energy Department Report Calculates Emissions and Costs of Power...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Report Calculates Emissions and Costs of Power Plant Cycling Necessary for Increased Wind and Solar in the West Energy Department Report Calculates Emissions and Costs of Power...

314

Illustrative Calculation of Economics for Heat Pump and "Grid...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Illustrative Calculation of Economics for Heat Pump and "Grid-Enabled" Water Heaters Illustrative Calculation of Economics for Heat Pump and "Grid-Enabled" Water Heaters Rate...

315

Introduction to the Cash Flow Opportunity Calculator Spreadsheet...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Calculator is an interactive calculator that helps quantify the cost of delaying investment in upgrades by addressing three critical questions: How much new energy efficiency...

316

Documentation of Calculation Methodology, Input Data, and Infrastructu...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Documentation of Calculation Methodology, Input Data, and Infrastructure for the Home Energy Saver Web Site Title Documentation of Calculation Methodology, Input Data, and...

317

FEMP Solar Hot Water Calculator | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Solar Hot Water Calculator Jump to: navigation, search Name FEMP Solar Hot Water Calculator Abstract Online tool to help Federal agencies meet Energy Independence and Security Act...

318

Ken Bettridge Distributing, Inc.  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7, 2002 7, 2002 DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Application for Exception Name of Petitioner: Ken Bettridge Distributing, Inc. Case Number: VEE-0083 Date of Filing: February 28, 2002 On February 28, 2002, Ken Bettridge Distributing, Inc. (Bettridge) of Cedar City, Utah, filed an Application for Exception with the Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) of the Department of Energy (DOE). In its application, Bettridge requests that it be temporarily relieved of the requirement to prepare and file the Energy Information Administration's (EIA) form entitled "Resellers'/Retailers' Monthly Petroleum Product Sales Report" (Form EIA-782B). As explained below, we have concluded that Bettridge shall be excused from filing Form EIA-782B for one year.

319

Geothermal: Distributed Search Help  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Search Help Search Help Geothermal Technologies Legacy Collection Help/FAQ | Site Map | Contact Us | Admin Log On Home/Basic Search About Publications Advanced Search New Hot Docs News Related Links Distributed Search Help Table of Contents General Information Search More about Searching Browse the Geothermal Legacy Collection Obtaining Documents Contact Us General Information The Distributed Search provides a searchable gateway that integrates diverse geothermal resources into one location. It accesses databases of recent and archival technical reports in order to retrieve specific geothermal information - converting earth's energy into heat and electricity, and other related subjects. See About, Help/FAQ, Related Links, or the Site Map, for more information about the Geothermal Technologies Legacy Collection .

320

MEMORANDUM FOR DISTRIBUTION  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DISTRIBUTION DISTRIBUTION (;7 FROM: SUBJECT The purpose of this memorandum is to revise the discretionary set-aside authority addressed on Page 13 of Acquisition Letter 2004-03 from $50,000 to $100,000. The paragraph entitled, Discretionary Set-Asides, is revised to read: "Contractors responsible for the management and operation of sites and facilities are authorized to set aside purchases at any dollar value for award to small businesses and to make purchases valued up to $100,000 on a sole source basis to small businesses. If such programs are instituted, the contractor shall assure that awards are to be made at fair market prices." If you have any questions on this subject, please contact Stephen Zvolensky of my staff at (202) 287-1307. Department of Energy

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interchange distribution calculator" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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321

Distributed Energy Fuel Cells  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Fuel Cells Energy Fuel Cells DOE Hydrogen DOE Hydrogen and and Fuel Cells Fuel Cells Coordination Meeting Fuel Cell Coordination Meeting June 2-3, 2003 Electricity Users Kathi Epping Kathi Epping Objectives & Barriers Distributed Energy OBJECTIVES * Develop a distributed generation PEM fuel cell system operating on natural gas or propane that achieves 40% electrical efficiency and 40,000 hours durability at $400-750/kW by 2010. BARRIERS * Durability * Heat Utilization * Power Electronics * Start-Up Time Targets and Status Integrated Stationary PEMFC Power Systems Operating on Natural Gas or Propane Containing 6 ppm Sulfur 40,000 30,000 15,000 Hours Durability 750 1,250 2,500 $/kWe Cost 40 32 30 % Electrical Efficiency Large (50-250 kW) Systems 40,000 30,000 >6,000 Hours Durability 1,000 1,500 3,000

322

Electronic distribution backup apparatus  

SciTech Connect

An electric distribution backup apparatus is described comprising an electronic distributor for sequentially distributing an ignition signal to each of igniter disposed so as to correspond to respective cylinders of an engine on the basis of a reference position signal for each of the cylinders generated by a revolution sensor in accordance with the revolution of the engine and on the basis of a rotating angle signal generated by the revolution sensor. The improvement comprising: an auxiliary revolution sensor for detecting another reference position signal of each of the cylinders when the revolution sensor for generating the two signals is out of order; control means for outputting a failure judging signal in response to detection of the failure of the revolution sensor on the basis of the two signals from revolution sensor; and a pseudo reference position signal generator for generating a pseudo reference position signal in place of the reference position signal on the basis of the auxiliary reference cylinder signal.

Sasaki, S.

1988-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

323

Towards heterogeneous distributed debugging  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Several years of research and development in parallel debugger design have given up several techniques, though implemented in a wide range of tools for an equally wide range of systems. This paper is an evaluation of these myriad techniques as applied to the design of a heterogeneous distributed debugger. The evaluation is based on what features users perceive as useful, as well as the ease of implementation of the features using the available technology. A preliminary architecture for such a heterogeneous tool is proposed. Our effort in this paper is significantly different from the other efforts at creating portable and heterogeneous distributed debuggers in that we concentrate on support for all the important issues in parallel debugging, instead of simply concentrating on portability and heterogeneity.

Damodaran-Kamal, S.K.

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Distributed Generation Heat Recovery  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Economic and environmental drivers are promoting the adoption of combined heat and power (CHP) systems. Technology advances have produced new and improved distributed generation (DG) units that can be coupled with heat recovery hardware to create CHP systems. Performance characteristics vary considerably among DG options, and it is important to understand how these characteristics influence the selection of CHP systems that will meet both electric and thermal site loads.

2002-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

325

Distributed Generation Biofuel Testing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This Technical Update report documents testing performed to assess aspects of using biofuel as an energy source for distributed generation. Specifically, the tests involved running Caterpillar Power Module compression ignition engines on palm methyl ester (PME) biofuel and comparing the emissions to those of the same engines running on ultra-low-sulfur diesel fuel. Fuel consumption and energy efficiency were also assessed, and some relevant storage and handling properties of the PME were noted. The tests...

2011-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

326

Distribution Arc Flash  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Arc flash from faults on distribution circuits is a safety issue that can impact work practices, protection requirements for line and substation workers, and relay and other overcurrent protection settings and practices. Highlights of the research results are the following: Arcs did not sustain in any of the tests at 120/208 V in network protectors or meters. Because of low incident energies, only single-layer flame-retardant clothing is needed. Testing on medium-voltage equipment showed wide variability...

2011-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

327

Calculation of explosive rock breakage: oil shale  

SciTech Connect

Improved efficiency in explosive rock breakage becomes increasingly important as mining costs and the need to tap underground resources continue to grow. Industry has recognized this need for many years and has done a great deal in developing new products and new blasting techniques, generally by purely empirical means. One particular application that has received added attention within the past several years, and one that lends itself to a more objective theoretical study, is explosive fracture of oil shale for conventional and in situ fossil energy recovery. Numerical calculation of oil shale fracturization with commercial explosives has the potential to add to an objective understanding of the breakage process. Often, in such numerical studies, only one or two parts of the total problem are addressed with any degree of sophistication or completeness. Here an attempt is made to treat the entire problem, i.e., explosive characterization, constitutive behavior of intact rock, and a mathematical description of rock fracture. The final results are two-dimensional calculations of explosively induced fracture damage in oil shale.

Johnson, J.N.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Nomogram calculates power plant coal use  

SciTech Connect

The number of tons of coal burned annually by a generating unit can be calculated by the following formula: Q = 43.8 (MW) (HR) (CF/HV)/10/sup 6/ where: Q = Annual usage, million tons MW = Unit capacity, MW HR = Unit heat rate, Btu/kWh CF = Annual unit capacity factor, % HV = Heating value of coal, Btu/lb The nomogram solves this equation and permits annual coal usage to be estimated quickly for various combinations of the other variables. The nomogram also can be used in reverse to determine such things as the annual capacity factor that a certain coal usage could sustain. Example: An 840-MW unit has an average heat rate of 10,000 Btu/kWh and burns coal with a heating value of 8600 Btu/lb. The annual capacity factor is 60%. Calculate the annual coal usage. Solution: (A) Align 840 on MW scale with 8600 on HV scale and mark intersection with CF scale; (B) align this marked point with 10,000 on HR scale and mark intersection with Reference Line; (C) align this point with 60 on CF scale and extend to Q scale. Read answer as approximately 2.6 million tons/year.

McAlister, J.

1984-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Method for calculating strontium sulfate solubility  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents a method of predicting the tendency of brines to deposit strontium sulfate scale. Strontium sulfate solubility product constants were determined in the laboratory at temperatures of 50, 75, 122 and 156/sup 0/F and ionic strengths of sodium chloride solutions from 0.1 to 5.25. Solid strontium sulfate was prepared and tagged with radioactive sulfur-35. Excess of this strontium sulfate was added to the sodium chloride solutions and shaken at the various temperatures until equilibrium was reached. The filtrate was analyzed for sulfate ion using a liquid scintillation counter and for strontium ion using an atomic absorption spectrophotometer. The solubility products were expressed graphically as K/sub sp/ versus ionic strength at various temperatures. A series of synthetic brines containing various amounts of sodium, magnesium, calcium, strontium and chloride ions was prepared. The solubilities of strontium sulfate in these brines were calculated using the known ionic strengths and solubility data obtained from the experiments with the sodium chloride solutions. These calculated values were compared with actual values determined in the same manner as those from the sodium chloride values.

Fletcher, G.E.; French, T.R.; Collins, A.G.

1981-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Energy Distribution of a Gdel-Type Space-Time  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We calculate the energy and momentum distributions associated with a G\\"{o}del-type space-time, using the well-known energy-momentum complexes of Landau and Lifshitz and M{\\o}ller. We show that the definitions of Landau and Lifshitz and M{\\o}ller do not furnish a consistent result.

Ragab M. Gad

2004-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

331

The Energy Distribution of the Bianchi Type I Universe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We calculate the energy distribution of an anisotropic model of universe, based on the Bianchi type I metric, in the Tolman's prescription. The energy due to the matter plus gravitational field is equal to zero. This result agrees with the results of Banerjee and Sen and Xulu. Also, our result supports the viewpoint of Tryon and Rosen.

I. Radinschi

2000-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

332

Analysis of technical loss in distribution line system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This research was aimed to present Technical loss analysis in Hatyai of Provincial Electricity Authority (PEA). This Analysis used calculation and PSS/Adept program. For considering the technical loss in distribution system included: transmission line ... Keywords: PSS/Adept program, technical loss, three phase power flow

Narong Mungkung; Nittaya Gomurut; Tanes Tanitteerapan; Somchai Arunrungrusmi; Weerachai Chaokumnerd; Toshifumi Yuji

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Free energy and size distributions of micelles in solution  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a new derivation of the free energy of micellar solutions. From this free energy a micelle size distribution can be calculated. By using a density functional model for the bulk contribution to the free energy and a simple approximation for the micelle (proper) contribution

P. S. Christopher; David W. Oxtoby

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Particle distribution and nuclear stopping in Au-Au collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{NN}}$=200 GeV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The transverse momentum distribution of produced charged particles is investigated for gold-gold collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{NN}}=200$ GeV. A simple parameterization is suggested for the particle distribution based on the nuclear stopping effect. The model can fit very well both the transverse momentum distributions at different pseudo-rapidities and the pseudo-rapidity distributions at different centralities. The ratio of rapidity distributions for peripheral and central collisions is calculated and compared with the data.

L. L. Zhu; C. B. Yang

2006-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

335

IMPACTS: Industrial Technologies Program, Summary of Program Results for CY2009, Appendix 5: Method of Calculating Results for the Save Energy Now Initiative  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

181 DOE Industrial Technologies Program 181 DOE Industrial Technologies Program Appendix 5: Method of Calculating Results for the Save Energy Now Initiative u Large Plant Assessments .................................................................................................................................................................... 182 u Training .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 183 u Software Tools Distribution................................................................................................................................................................ 183

336

Distributed Generation with Heat Recovery and Storage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

L ABORATORY Distributed Generation with Heat Recovery andequal opportunity employer. Distributed Generation with Heatenergy resources (DER), distributed generation (DG), and

Siddiqui, Afzal S.; Marnay, Chris; Firestone, Ryan M.; Zhou, Nan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Putting Economic Power In Distributed Power t  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Putting Economic Power in Distributed Power. A distributed electricity generation system, often called distributed power, usually consists of ...

338

GASIFICATION FOR DISTRIBUTED GENERATION  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A recent emphasis in gasification technology development has been directed toward reduced-scale gasifier systems for distributed generation at remote sites. The domestic distributed power generation market over the next decade is expected to be 5-6 gigawatts per year. The global increase is expected at 20 gigawatts over the next decade. The economics of gasification for distributed power generation are significantly improved when fuel transport is minimized. Until recently, gasification technology has been synonymous with coal conversion. Presently, however, interest centers on providing clean-burning fuel to remote sites that are not necessarily near coal supplies but have sufficient alternative carbonaceous material to feed a small gasifier. Gasifiers up to 50 MW are of current interest, with emphasis on those of 5-MW generating capacity. Internal combustion engines offer a more robust system for utilizing the fuel gas, while fuel cells and microturbines offer higher electric conversion efficiencies. The initial focus of this multiyear effort was on internal combustion engines and microturbines as more realistic near-term options for distributed generation. In this project, we studied emerging gasification technologies that can provide gas from regionally available feedstock as fuel to power generators under 30 MW in a distributed generation setting. Larger-scale gasification, primarily coal-fed, has been used commercially for more than 50 years to produce clean synthesis gas for the refining, chemical, and power industries. Commercial-scale gasification activities are under way at 113 sites in 22 countries in North and South America, Europe, Asia, Africa, and Australia, according to the Gasification Technologies Council. Gasification studies were carried out on alfalfa, black liquor (a high-sodium waste from the pulp industry), cow manure, and willow on the laboratory scale and on alfalfa, black liquor, and willow on the bench scale. Initial parametric tests evaluated through reactivity and product composition were carried out on thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) equipment. These tests were evaluated and then followed by bench-scale studies at 1123 K using an integrated bench-scale fluidized-bed gasifier (IBG) which can be operated in the semicontinuous batch mode. Products from tests were solid (ash), liquid (tar), and gas. Tar was separated on an open chromatographic column. Analysis of the gas product was carried out using on-line Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). For selected tests, gas was collected periodically and analyzed using a refinery gas analyzer GC (gas chromatograph). The solid product was not extensively analyzed. This report is a part of a search into emerging gasification technologies that can provide power under 30 MW in a distributed generation setting. Larger-scale gasification has been used commercially for more than 50 years to produce clean synthesis gas for the refining, chemical, and power industries, and it is probable that scaled-down applications for use in remote areas will become viable. The appendix to this report contains a list, description, and sources of currently available gasification technologies that could be or are being commercially applied for distributed generation. This list was gathered from current sources and provides information about the supplier, the relative size range, and the status of the technology.

Ronald C. Timpe; Michael D. Mann; Darren D. Schmidt

2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

FUEL HANDLING FACILITY CRITICALITY SAFETY CALCULATIONS  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this design calculation is to perform a criticality evaluation of the Fuel Handling Facility (FHF) and the operations and processes performed therein. The current intent of the FHF is to receive transportation casks whose contents will be unloaded and transferred to waste packages (WP) or MGR Specific Casks (MSC) in the fuel transfer bays. Further, the WPs will also be prepared in the FHF for transfer to the sub-surface facility (for disposal). The MSCs will be transferred to the Aging Facility for storage. The criticality evaluation of the FHF features the following: (I) Consider the types of waste to be received in the FHF as specified below: (1) Uncanistered commercial spent nuclear fuel (CSNF); (2) Canistered CSNF (with the exception of horizontal dual-purpose canister (DPC) and/or multi-purpose canisters (MPCs)); (3) Navy canistered SNF (long and short); (4) Department of Energy (DOE) canistered high-level waste (HLW); and (5) DOE canistered SNF (with the exception of MCOs). (II) Evaluate the criticality analyses previously performed for the existing Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC)-certified transportation casks (under 10 CFR 71) to be received in the FHF to ensure that these analyses address all FHF conditions including normal operations, and Category 1 and 2 event sequences. (III) Evaluate FHF criticality conditions resulting from various Category 1 and 2 event sequences. Note that there are currently no Category 1 and 2 event sequences identified for FHF. Consequently, potential hazards from a criticality point of view will be considered as identified in the ''Internal Hazards Analysis for License Application'' document (BSC 2004c, Section 6.6.4). (IV) Assess effects of potential moderator intrusion into the fuel transfer bay for defense in depth. The SNF/HLW waste transfer activity (i.e., assembly and canister transfer) that is being carried out in the FHF has been classified as safety category in the ''Q-list'' (BSC 2003, p. A-6). Therefore, this design calculation is subject to the requirements of the ''Quality Assurance Requirements and Description'' (DOE 2004), even though the FHF itself has not yet been classified in the Q-list. Performance of the work scope as described and development of the associated technical product conform to the procedure AP-3.124, ''Design Calculations and Analyses''.

C.E. Sanders

2005-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

340

Geographical Distribution of Climate Feedbacks in the NCAR CCSM3.0  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study performs offline, partial radiative perturbation calculations to determine the geographical distributions of climate feedbacks contributing to the top-of-atmosphere (TOA) radiative energy budget. These radiative perturbations are ...

Patrick C. Taylor; Robert G. Ellingson; Ming Cai

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interchange distribution calculator" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Probability Distribution of Modal Amplitudes in Interacting Triads with Arbitrary Random Forcing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper deals with a statistical-mechanical approach to the problem of calculating the statistics of randomly forced triads of modes in the two-dimensional flow of a viscous fluid. We first construct the probability distribution of modal ...

Philip D. Thompson

1986-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Noise figure and photon probability distribution in Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Scattering (CARS)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The noise figure and photon probability distribution are calculated for coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) where an anti-Stokes signal is converted to Stokes. We find that the minimum noise figure is ~ 3dB.

Dimitropoulos, D; Jalali, B; Solli, D R

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

A Fourier-Based Method for the Distribution of Breaking Crests from Video Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Fourier-based method is presented to process video observations of water waves and calculate the speed distribution of breaking crest lengths. The method has increased efficiency and robust statistics compared with conventional algorithms that ...

Jim Thomson; Andrew T. Jessup

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Information about the Greenhouse Gas Emission Calculations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sources and Assumptions for the Electric and Plug-in Hybrid Vehicle Sources and Assumptions for the Electric and Plug-in Hybrid Vehicle Greenhouse Gas Emissions Calculator To estimate your CO2 emissions rates and generate the bar graph, we used the following sources and assumptions. Your CO2 Emissions Rates Tailpipe (grams CO2/mile) This is the tailpipe CO2 emissions rate for combined city and highway driving that is shown on the fuel economy and environment label for the vehicle model you selected. It is the same regardless of where you live. Total (grams CO2/mile) This includes the vehicle's tailpipe emissions and emissions associated with the production of electricity used to charge the vehicle. For plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, it also includes emissions associated with the production of gasoline. It is estimated using the sources and assumptions below, and will vary based on where you live.

345

Monte Carlo calculations of channeling radiation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Results of classical Monte Carlo calculations are presented for the radiation produced by ultra-relativistic positrons incident in a direction parallel to the (110) plane of Si in the energy range 30 to 100 MeV. The results all show the characteristic CR(channeling radiation) peak in the energy range 20 keV to 100 keV. Plots of the centroid energies, widths, and total yields of the CR peaks as a function of energy show the power law dependences of ..gamma../sup 1/ /sup 5/, ..gamma../sup 1/ /sup 7/, and ..gamma../sup 2/ /sup 5/ respectively. Except for the centroid energies and power-law dependence is only approximate. Agreement with experimental data is good for the centroid energies and only rough for the widths. Adequate experimental data for verifying the yield dependence on ..gamma.. does not yet exist.

Bloom, S.D.; Berman, B.L.; Hamilton, D.C.; Alguard, M.J.; Barrett, J.H.; Datz, S.; Pantell, R.H.; Swent, R.H.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Dynamical Collective Calculation of Supernova Neutrino Signals  

SciTech Connect

We present the first calculations with three flavors of collective and shock wave effects for neutrino propagation in core-collapse supernovae using hydrodynamical density profiles and the S matrix formalism. We explore the interplay between the neutrino-neutrino interaction and the effects of multiple resonances upon the time signal of positrons in supernova observatories. A specific signature is found for the inverted hierarchy and a large third neutrino mixing angle and we predict, in this case, a dearth of lower energy positrons in Cherenkov detectors midway through the neutrino signal and the simultaneous revelation of valuable information about the original fluxes. We show that this feature is also observable with current generation neutrino detectors at the level of several sigmas.

Gava, Jerome; Kneller, James; Volpe, Cristina; McLaughlin, G. C. [Institut de Physique Nucleaire, F-91406 Orsay cedex, CNRS/IN2P3 and University of Paris-XI (France); Department of Physics, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695-8202 (United States)

2009-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

347

LMR thermal hydraulics calculations in the US  

SciTech Connect

A wide range of thermal hydraulics computer codes have been developed by various organizations in the US. These codes cover an extensive range of purposes from within-assembly-wise pin temperature calculations to plant wide transient analysis. The codes are used for static analysis, for analysis of protected anticipated transients, and for analysis of a wide range of unprotected transients for the more recent inherently safe LMR designs. Some of these codes are plant-specific codes with properties of a specific plant built into them. Other codes are more general and can be applied to a number of plants or designs. These codes, and the purposes for which they have been used, are described.

Dunn, F.E.; Malloy, D.J.; Mohr, D.

1987-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

348

Medical physics calculations with MCNP: a primer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The rising desire for individualized medical physics models has sparked a transition from the use of tangible phantoms toward the employment of computational software for medical physics applications. One such computational software for radiation transport modeling is the Monte Carlo N-Particle (MCNP) radiation transport code. However, no comprehensive document has been written to introduce the use of the MCNP code for simulating medical physics applications. This document, a primer, addresses this need by leading the medical physics user through the basic use of MCNP and its particular application to the medical physics field. This primer is designed to teach by example, with the aim that each example will illustrate a practical use of particular features in MCNP that are useful in medical physics applications. These examples along with the instructions for reproducing them are the results of this thesis research. These results include simulations of: dose from Tc-99m diagnostic therapy, calculation of Medical Internal Radiation Dose (MIRD) specific absorbed fraction (SAF) values using the ORNL MIRD phantom, x-ray phototherapy effectiveness, prostate brachytherapy lifetime dose calculations, and a radiograph of the head using the Zubal head phantom. Also included are a set of appendices that include useful reference data, code syntax, and a database of input decks including the examples in the primer. The sections in conjunction with the appendices should provide a foundation of knowledge regarding the MCNP commands and their uses as well as enable users to utilize the MCNP manual effectively for situations not specifically addressed by the primer.

Lazarine, Alexis D

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

The Energy Distribution of Gamma-Ray Bursts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The distribution of the apparent total energy emitted by a gamma-ray burst reflects not only the distribution of the energy actually released by the burst engine, but also the distribution of beaming angles. Using the observed energy fluences, the detection thresholds and burst redshifts for three burst samples, I calculate the best-fit parameters for lognormal and power-law distributions of the apparent total energy. Two of the samples include a small number of bursts with spectroscopic redshifts, while the third sample has 220 bursts with redshifts determined by the proposed variability-luminosity correlation. I find different sets of parameter values for the three burst samples. The Bayesian odds ratio cannot distinguish between the two model distribution functions for the two smaller burst samples with spectroscopic redshifts, but does favor the lognormal distribution for the larger sample with variability-derived redshifts. The data do not rule out a distribution with a low energy tail which is currently unobservable. I find that neglecting the burst detection threshold biases the fitted distribution to be narrower with a higher average value than the true distribution; this demonstrates the importance of determining and reporting the effective detection threshold for bursts in a sample.

David L. Band

2001-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

350

Title and author(s) REMI/HEAT COOL A COMPUTER PROGRAMME FOR CALCULATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.2. The Temperature Distribution in the Fuel 8 2.3. The Two-Phase Flow in the Primary System ·· lo 2.1 *. The Steam core coolant, i.e. spray cooling. REMI/HEAT COOL is based on separate description of the steam plays an essential role in the overall heat transfer. Steam flow through a fuel element is calculated

351

Federal Energy Management Program: Energy Savings Calculator for Commercial  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Savings Energy Savings Calculator for Commercial Boilers to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Energy Savings Calculator for Commercial Boilers on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Energy Savings Calculator for Commercial Boilers on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Energy Savings Calculator for Commercial Boilers on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Energy Savings Calculator for Commercial Boilers on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Energy Savings Calculator for Commercial Boilers on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: Energy Savings Calculator for Commercial Boilers on AddThis.com... Energy-Efficient Products Federal Requirements Covered Product Categories

352

CDM Emission Reductions Calculation Sheet Series | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CDM Emission Reductions Calculation Sheet Series CDM Emission Reductions Calculation Sheet Series Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: CDM Emission Reductions Calculation Sheet Series Agency/Company /Organization: Institute for Global Environmental Strategies Sector: Energy, Water Focus Area: Agriculture, Greenhouse Gas Topics: Baseline projection, GHG inventory Resource Type: Online calculator User Interface: Spreadsheet Website: www.iges.or.jp/en/cdm/report_ers.html Cost: Free CDM Emission Reductions Calculation Sheet Series Screenshot References: CDM Emission Reductions Calculation Sheet Series[1] "IGES ERs Calculation Sheet aims at providing a simplified spreadsheet for demonstrating emission reductions based on the approved methodologies corresponding to eligible project activities. The sheet will provide you

353

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vehicle Cost Calculator Assumptions and  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Tools Tools Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vehicle Cost Calculator Assumptions and Methodology to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vehicle Cost Calculator Assumptions and Methodology on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vehicle Cost Calculator Assumptions and Methodology on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vehicle Cost Calculator Assumptions and Methodology on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vehicle Cost Calculator Assumptions and Methodology on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vehicle Cost Calculator Assumptions and Methodology on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vehicle Cost Calculator Assumptions and Methodology on AddThis.com...

354

2009 Smart Distribution Panel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The smart distribution panel (SDP) is an integrated demand management system, designed to manage demand by automatically switching user-prioritized branch circuits, either off the grid or to a secondary power source. In 2008, EPRI tested the performance of an IEC (European) compliant modelresults can be found in EPRI report 1016079. After the 2008 test, the SDP received UL 50 and UL 67 approvals for a new 240/120V 250A panel designed for the North American market. In 2009, EPRI tested the UL certified pa...

2009-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

355

Distribution Green Circuits Collaboration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electric power transmission and distribution (T&D) systems typically have aggregate annual energy losses of 710%. The percentage losses across all U.S. T&D equate to approximately 300 million MWh based on a U.S. annual generation total of 4,157 million MWh according to the Energy Information Administration. Because these losses are inherent in the process, they cannot be reduced to zero but might be reduced significantly with present technology. Approximately two-thirds of these losses are incurred at th...

2010-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

356

Distributed Optimization System  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A search system and method for controlling multiple agents to optimize an objective using distributed sensing and cooperative control. The search agent can be one or more physical agents, such as a robot, and can be software agents for searching cyberspace. The objective can be: chemical sources, temperature sources, radiation sources, light sources, evaders, trespassers, explosive sources, time dependent sources, time independent sources, function surfaces, maximization points, minimization points, and optimal control of a system such as a communication system, an economy, a crane, and a multi-processor computer.

Hurtado, John E. (Albuquerque, NM); Dohrmann, Clark R. (Albuquerque, NM); Robinett, III, Rush D. (Tijeras, NM)

2004-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

357

Islanded operation of a distribution feeder with distributed generation.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A distribution system that is equipped with distributed generators, such as roof-mounted photovoltaic systems, can operate as a microgrid (i.e., separated from the grid) under (more)

Venu, Chandu

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Dynamic Distributed Resource Allocation: A Distributed Constraint Satisfaction Approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In distributed resource allocation a set of agents must assign their resources to a set of tasks. This problem arises in many real-world domains such as distributed sensor networks, disaster rescue, hospital scheduling and others. Despite the variety ...

Pragnesh Jay Modi; Hyuckchul Jung; Milind Tambe; Wei-Min Shen; Shriniwas Kulkarni

2001-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Distributed Intelligent Agents for Decision Making at Local Distributed  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Distributed Intelligent Agents for Decision Making at Local Distributed Distributed Intelligent Agents for Decision Making at Local Distributed Energy Resource (DER) Levels Speaker(s): David Cohen Date: June 3, 2005 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Peng Xu Our goals are to develop and commercialize a system of adaptive, intelligent software components which run at distributed locations (DER-level) on the energy network to improve the reliability, efficiency, and security of the U.S. electrical distribution network. We are developing GridAgents, an enabling software technology framework and platform using a distributed multi-agent systems approach for advanced communications and control capabilities (large- scale automated demand response, distribution automation control, and Microgrid control applications). For more

360

The Energy Distribution in a Static Spherically Symmetric Nonsingular Black Hole Space-Time  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We calculate the energy distribution in a static spherically symmetric nonsingular black hole space-time by using the Tolman's energy-momentum complex. All the calculations are performed in quasi-Cartesian coordinates. The energy distribution is positive everywhere and be equal to zero at origin. We get the same result as obtained by Y-Ching Yang by using the Einstein's and Weinberg's prescriptions.

I. Radinschi

2000-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interchange distribution calculator" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

HRA Calculator 4.1.1, Human Reliability Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

HRA Calculator analyzes and calculates human error probabilities in support of probabilistic risk assessments. HRA Calculator takes a 8220toolboxapproach that uses a variety of HRA methods. The PRA Tools / HRA Calculator User Group was formed in 2000 to address the industryneed for HRA tools and to encourage consistency in HRA results. Version 4.1.1 adds value by expanding the HRA Calculator methods applied, overcoming past limitations on particular parameters, improving the dependency analysis features...

2009-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

362

Human Reliability Analysis (HRA) Calculator Version 4.21  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

HRA Calculator analyzes and calculates human error probabilities in support of probabilistic risk assessments. HRA Calculator takes a 8220toolboxapproach that uses a variety of HRA methods. The PRA Tools / HRA Calculator User Group was formed in 2000 to address the industryneed for HRA tools and to encourage consistency in HRA results. Version 4.21 adds value by expanding the HRA Calculator methods applied, overcoming past limitations on particular parameters, improving the dependency analysis features,...

2011-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

363

Integrating Smart Distributed Energy Resources with Distribution Management Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

No portion of the electric power grid has been impacted more by grid modernization (that is, the smart grid) than the electric distribution system. A central part of this transformation is the distribution management system (DMS), which integrates numerous remote monitoring and central control facilities with enterprise-level systems to optimize distribution system performance and accomplish a variety of business goals. At the same time, distributed energy resources are often connected ...

2012-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

364

Energy distribution of nonequilibrium electrons and optical phonons in GaAs under band-to-band pumping by intense short pulses of light  

SciTech Connect

Deviation from the Fermi distribution of nonequilibrium electrons and distribution of 'hot' optical phonons in GaAs under band-to-band pumping by picosecond pulses of light are calculated.

Altybaev, G. S.; Kumekov, S. E., E-mail: skumekov@mail.ru; Mahmudov, A. A. [Satpaev Kazakh National Technical University (Kazakhstan)

2009-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

365

A Simple Empirical Equation to Calculate Cloud Optical Thickness from Shortwave Broadband Measurements  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Simple Empirical Equation to Calculate Cloud Optical Simple Empirical Equation to Calculate Cloud Optical Thickness from Shortwave Broadband Measurements J. C. Barnard and C. N. Long Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland, Washington Introduction Observational studies of shortwave cloud optical thickness, c , play an important role in determining how clouds affect climate. Accordingly, considerable effort has been, and continues to be expended to characterize the spatial and temporal distribution of c over the globe. This effort involves satellite and ground-based measurements that infer c from measurements of the reflection or transmission of solar radiation. Transmitted solar radiation forms the basis of several important algorithms designed to calculate c ; these algorithms use either spectral irradiances (Min and Harrison 1996; henceforth referred

366

A new approach to calculate the transport matrix in RF cavities  

SciTech Connect

A realistic approach to calculate the transport matrix in RF cavities is developed. It is based on joint solution of equations of longitudinal and transverse motion of a charged particle in an electromagnetic field of the linac. This field is a given by distribution (measured or calculated) of the component of the longitudinal electric field on the axis of the linac. New approach is compared with other matrix methods to solve the same problem. The comparison with code ASTRA has been carried out. Complete agreement for tracking results for a TESLA-type cavity is achieved. A corresponding algorithm will be implemented into the MARS15 code. A realistic approach to calculate the transport matrix in RF cavities is developed. Complete agreement for tracking results with existed code ASTRA is achieved. New algorithm will be implemented into MARS15 code.

Eidelman, Yu.; /Novosibirsk, IYF; Mokhov, N.; Nagaitsev, S.; Solyak, N.; /Fermilab

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Hybrid distributed generation for power distribution systems planning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents planning models for hybrid distributed generation systems, as well as the results corresponding to a distribution systems planning problem obtained using a new computational tool based on a Geographic Information System, GIS. This ... Keywords: distributed generation (DG), geographical information systems (GIS), hybrid power systems, optimal planning

I. J. Ramrez-Rosado; P. J. Zorzano-Santamara; L. A. Fernndez-Jimnez; E. Garca-Garrido; P. Lara-Santilln; E. Zorzano-Alba; M. Mendoza-Villena

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Air distribution effectiveness with stratified air distribution systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Ph.D Qingyan Chen, Ph.D. Student Member ASHRAE Fellow ASHRAE ABSTRACT Stratified air distribution distribution systems has been taken into consideration by the ASHRAE standards through the air distribution effectiveness. For example, Table 6-1 of ANSI/ASHRAE Standard 62.1-2004 (ASHRAE 2004) defines the minimum

Chen, Qingyan "Yan"

369

Annual Coal Distribution Tables  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Domestic Distribution of U.S. Coal by Destination State, Domestic Distribution of U.S. Coal by Destination State, Consumer, Destination and Method of Transportation, 2001 (Thousand Short Tons) DESTINATION: Alabama State of Origin by Method of Transportation Electricity Generation Coke Plants Industrial Plants (Except Coke) Residential and Commercial Total Alabama 7,212 375 6,032 3 13,622 Railroad 2,613 170 4,607 - 7,390 River 3,867 - - - 3,867 Truck 732 205 1,424 3 2,365 Illinois 1,458 - - * 1,458 Railroad 167 - - - 167 River 1,291 - - - 1,291 Truck - - - * * Kentucky Total 2,277 - 262 - 2,539 Railroad 1,928 - 165 - 2,093 River 349 - 83 - 432 Truck - - 14 - 14 Eastern 843 - 262 - 1,105 Railroad 843 - 165 - 1,008 River - - 83 - 83 Truck - - 14 - 14 Western 1,435 - - - 1,435 Railroad 1,086 - - - 1,086 River 349 - - - 349 Pennsylvania Total 242 - 62 - 304 Great Lakes - - 60 - 60 Railroad - - * - * River 242 - -

370

PULSE AMPLITUDE DISTRIBUTION RECORDER  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A device is described for automatica1ly recording pulse annplitude distribution received from a counter. The novelty of the device consists of the over-all arrangement of conventional circuit elements to provide an easy to read permanent record of the pulse amplitude distribution during a certain time period. In the device a pulse analyzer separates the pulses according to annplitude into several channels. A scaler in each channel counts the pulses and operates a pen marker positioned over a drivable recorder sheet. Since the scalers in each channel have the sanne capacity, the control circuitry permits counting of the incoming pulses until one scaler reaches capacity, whereupon the input is removed and an internal oscillator supplies the necessary pulses to fill up the other scalers. Movement of the chart sheet is initiated wben the first scaler reaches capacity to thereby give a series of marks at spacings proportional to the time required to fill the remaining scalers, and accessory equipment marks calibration points on the recorder sheet to facilitate direct reading of the number of external pulses supplied to each scaler.

Cowper, G.

1958-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

371

Annual Coal Distribution Tables  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

and Foreign Distribution of U.S. Coal by State of Origin, 2001 and Foreign Distribution of U.S. Coal by State of Origin, 2001 State / Region Domestic Foreign Total Alabama 14,828 4,508 19,336 Alaska 825 698 1,524 Arizona 13,143 - 13,143 Arkansas 13 - 13 Colorado 32,427 894 33,321 Illinois 33,997 285 34,283 Indiana 36,714 - 36,714 Kansas 176 - 176 Kentucky Total 131,546 2,821 134,367 East 107,000 2,707 109,706 West 24,547 114 24,660 Louisiana 3,746 - 3,746 Maryland 4,671 319 4,990 Mississippi 475 - 475 Missouri 366 - 366 Montana 38,459 485 38,944 New Mexico 28,949 - 28,949 North Dakota 30,449 - 30,449 Ohio 25,463 12 25,475 Oklahoma 1,710 - 1,710 Pennsylvania Total 64,392 6,005 70,397 Anthracite 2,852 205 3,057 Bituminous 61,540 5,800 67,340 Tennessee 3,346 28 3,374 Texas 45,019 31 45,050 Utah 24,761 2,144 26,905 Virginia 25,685 7,071 32,756 Washington 4,623 - 4,623 West Virginia Total 144,584

372

Annual Coal Distribution Tables  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Foreign Distribution of U.S. Coal by Major Coal-Exporting States and Foreign Distribution of U.S. Coal by Major Coal-Exporting States and Destination, 2001 Coal-Exporting State and Destination Metallurgical Steam Total Alaska - 761 761 South Korea - 761 761 Alabama 4,667 167 4,834 Argentina 155 - 155 Belgium 989 - 989 Brazil 1,104 - 1,104 Bulgaria 82 - 82 Egypt 518 - 518 Italy 115 - 115 Netherlands 56 83 139 Spain 412 84 496 Turkey 581 - 581 United Kingdom 654 - 654 Kentucky 2,130 - 2,130 Canada 920 - 920 France 22 - 22 Iceland 9 - 9 Italy 430 - 430 Netherlands 417 - 417 Spain 9 - 9 United Kingdom 323 - 323 Pennsylvania 1,086 14,326 15,722 Belgium - 203 203 Brazil 372 - 373 Canada - 12,141 12,418 France - 84 84 Germany 495 165 661 Ireland - 136 136 Netherlands 219 879 1,097 Norway - - 7 Peru - - 21 Portugal - 634 634 United Kingdom - 85 85 Venezuela - - 3 Utah - 1,420 1,420 Japan - 1,334 1,334 Taiwan - 86 86 Virginia 4,531

373

Coping with distributed computing  

SciTech Connect

The rapid increase in the availability of high performance, cost-effective RISC/UNIX workstations has been both a blessing and a curse. The blessing of having extremely powerful computing engines available on the desk top is well-known to many users. The user has tremendous freedom, flexibility, and control of his environment. That freedom can, however, become the curse of distributed computing. The user must become a system manager to some extent, he must worry about backups, maintenance, upgrades, etc. Traditionally these activities have been the responsibility of a central computing group. The central computing group, however, may find that it can no longer provide all of the traditional services. With the plethora of workstations now found on so many desktops throughout the entire campus or lab, the central computing group may be swamped by support requests. This talk will address several of these computer support and management issues by providing some examples of the approaches taken at various HEP institutions. In addition, a brief review of commercial directions or products for distributed computing and management will be given.

Cormell, L.

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Interaction of loading pattern and nuclear data uncertainties in reactor core calculations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Along with best-estimate calculations for design and safety analysis, understanding uncertainties is important to determine appropriate design margins. In this framework, nuclear data uncertainties and their propagation to full core calculations are a critical issue. To deal with this task, different error propagation techniques, deterministic and stochastic are currently developed to evaluate the uncertainties in the output quantities. Among these is the sampling based uncertainty and sensitivity software XSUSA which is able to quantify the influence of nuclear data covariance on reactor core calculations. In the present work, this software is used to investigate systematically the uncertainties in the power distributions of two PWR core loadings specified in the OECD UAM-Benchmark suite. With help of a statistical sensitivity analysis, the main contributors to the uncertainty are determined. Using this information a method is studied with which loading patterns of reactor cores can be optimized with regard to minimizing power distribution uncertainties. It is shown that this technique is able to halve the calculation uncertainties of a MOX/UOX core configuration. (authors)

Klein, M.; Gallner, L.; Krzykacz-Hausmann, B.; Pautz, A.; Velkov, K.; Zwermann, W. [Gesellschaft fuer Anlagen- und Reaktorsicherheit GRS MbH, Boltzmannstr. 14, D- 85748 Garching b. Muenchen (Germany)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Calculated power output from a thin iron-seeded plasma  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Ionization equilibrium calculations are carried out for iron ions at a density of 10/sup 12/ cm/sup -3/ in a (hydrogen) plasma with electron density 10/sup 14/ cm/sup -3/, at temperatures from 0.8 to 10 keV. The computed radiated power loss from this plasma due to the iron ions ranges from about 4 W/cm/sup 3/ at the lowest temperature to about 0.4 W/cm/sup 3/ at the highest temperature; loss rates for other electron and ion densities will scale approximately as N/sub e/N/sub Fe/10/sup 26/. The losses are due principally to collisionally excited line radiation (especially ..delta..n = 0 transitions) at low temperatures, and to collisionally excited ..delta..n not equal to 0 transitions and to continuum radiative recombination at high temperatures. Spectra are also computed for diagnostic x-ray K/sub ..cap alpha../ (1s - 2p) transitions; the change in spectral distribution as a function of temperature agrees well with observations in the ST Tokamak. Bound-bound radiative transitions and dielectronic recombination are discussed at length in appendices; the latter process is of great importance in the establishment of ionization equilibrium, and in the excitation of K/sub ..cap alpha../ radiation at the lower temperatures.

Merts, A.L.; Cowan, R.D.; Magee, N.H. Jr.

1976-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

IMPACTS: Industrial Technologies Program, Summary of Program Results for CY2009, Appendix 6: Method of Calculating Results from DOE's Combined Heat and Power Activities  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

87 DOE Industrial Technologies Program 87 DOE Industrial Technologies Program Appendix 6: Method of Calculating Results from DOE's Combined Heat and Power Activities u CHP Table........................................................................................................................................................................................... 189 Method of Calculating Results from DOE's Combined Heat and Power Activities Industrial Distributed Energy, a cross-cutting activity within the Industrial Technologies Program (ITP), builds on activities conducted by DOE's Office of Industrial Technologies

377

GUIDE TO CALCULATING TRANSPORT EFFICIENCY OF AEROSOLS IN OCCUPATIONAL AIR SAMPLING SYSTEMS  

SciTech Connect

This report will present hand calculations for transport efficiency based on aspiration efficiency and particle deposition losses. Because the hand calculations become long and tedious, especially for lognormal distributions of aerosols, an R script (R 2011) will be provided for each element examined. Calculations are provided for the most common elements in a remote air sampling system, including a thin-walled probe in ambient air, straight tubing, bends and a sample housing. One popular alternative approach would be to put such calculations in a spreadsheet, a thorough version of which is shared by Paul Baron via the Aerocalc spreadsheet (Baron 2012). To provide greater transparency and to avoid common spreadsheet vulnerabilities to errors (Burns 2012), this report uses R. The particle size is based on the concept of activity median aerodynamic diameter (AMAD). The AMAD is a particle size in an aerosol where fifty percent of the activity in the aerosol is associated with particles of aerodynamic diameter greater than the AMAD. This concept allows for the simplification of transport efficiency calculations where all particles are treated as spheres with the density of water (1 g?cm-3). In reality, particle densities depend on the actual material involved. Particle geometries can be very complicated. Dynamic shape factors are provided by Hinds (Hinds 1999). Some example factors are: 1.00 for a sphere, 1.08 for a cube, 1.68 for a long cylinder (10 times as long as it is wide), 1.05 to 1.11 for bituminous coal, 1.57 for sand and 1.88 for talc. Revision 1 is made to correct an error in the original version of this report. The particle distributions are based on activity weighting of particles rather than based on the number of particles of each size. Therefore, the mass correction made in the original version is removed from the text and the calculations. Results affected by the change are updated.

Hogue, M.; Hadlock, D.; Thompson, M.; Farfan, E.

2013-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

378

The distributed ASCI Supercomputer project  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Distributed ASCI Supercomputer (DAS) is a homogeneous wide-area distributed system consisting of four cluster computers at different locations. DAS has been used for research on communication software, parallel languages and programming systems, ...

Henri Bal; Raoul Bhoedjang; Rutger Hofman; Ceriel Jacobs; Thilo Kielmann; Jason Maassen; Rob van Nieuwpoort; John Romein; Luc Renambot; Tim Rhl; Ronald Veldema; Kees Verstoep; Aline Baggio; Gerco Ballintijn; Ihor Kuz; Guillaume Pierre; Maarten van Steen; Andy Tanenbaum; Gerben Doornbos; Desmond Germans; Hans Spoelder; Evert-Jan Baerends; Stan van Gisbergen; Hamideh Afsermanesh; Dick van Albada; Adam Belloum; David Dubbeldam; Zeger Hendrikse; Bob Hertzberger; Alfons Hoekstra; Kamil Iskra; Drona Kandhai; Dennis Koelma; Frank van der Linden; Benno Overeinder; Peter Sloot; Piero Spinnato; Dick Epema; Arjan van Gemund; Pieter Jonker; Andrei Radulescu; Cees van Reeuwijk; Henk Sips; Peter Knijnenburg; Michael Lew; Floris Sluiter; Lex Wolters; Hans Blom; Cees de Laat; Aad van der Steen

2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Publications inventory control and distribution  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Most publications stocked by STSC, Inc. are produced at headquarters. A small number of other publications, however, are ordered from outside vendors and then stocked at headquarters for distribution. Past procedures for inventory control and distribution ...

Deborah R. Richardson

1983-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Distribution of Water in Hailstones  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A large number of photographs of thin sections of quenched hailstones have been studied to determine the most common patterns of water distribution within hailstones. The way in which water is distributed throughout the hailstone determines which ...

Petr Chlek; B. R. D. Gupta; Nancy C. Knight; Charles A. Knight

1984-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interchange distribution calculator" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Visual Analytics for Roof Savings Calculator Ensembles  

SciTech Connect

The Roof Savings Calculator (RSC) has been deployed for DOE as an industry-consensus, web-based tool for easily running complex building energy simulations. These simulations allow both homeowners and experts to determine building-specific cost and energy savings for modern roof and attic technologies. Using a database of over 3 million RSC simulations for different combinations of parameters, we have built a visual analytics tool to assist in the exploration and identification of features in the data. Since the database contains multiple variables, both categorical and continuous, we employ a coordinated multi-view approach that allows coordinated feature exploration through multiple visualizations at once. The main component of our system, a parallel coordinates view, has been adapted to handle large-scale, mixed data types as are found in RSC simulations. Other visualizations include map coordinated plots, high dynamic range (HDR) line plot rendering, and an intuitive user interface. We demonstrate these techniques with several use cases that have helped identify software and parametric simulation issues.

Jones, Chad [University of California, Davis; New, Joshua Ryan [ORNL; Sanyal, Jibonananda [ORNL; Ma, Kwan-Liu [University of California, Davis

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Calculation methods of the nuclear characteristics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the book the mathematical methods of nuclear cross sections and phases of elastic scattering, energy and characteristics of bound states in two- and three-particle nuclear systems, when the potentials of interaction contain not only central, but also tensor component, are presented. Are given the descriptions of the mathematical numerical calculation methods and computer programs in the algorithmic language "BASIC" for "Turbo Basic" of firm "Borland" for the computers of the type IBM PC AT. For the numerical solutions of the initial Schroedinger equations are used finite- difference and variational methods, and also method of Runge-Kutta with the automatic calling sequence on the assigned accuracy of results for the scattering phase shifts and binding energy. Is given the description not of the standard methods of solving the system of equations of Schroedinger to the bound states and the alternative to Schmidt's method, method of solution of the generalized matrix problem at the eigenvalues. The developed programs make it possible to determine the wave functions of relative motion of nuclear fragments, calibrated to the correct asymptotic behavior taking into account Coulomb interaction. The programs of the extraction of nuclear phases (phase shift analysis) from the differential elastic cross sections are given. The book can be used as the textbook according to the numerical mathematical methods for the students and the graduate students of the physical and mathematical specialties of higher educational institutions. This Book is written in Russian, but will perhaps present certain interest.

S. B. Dubovichenko

2010-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

383

Development of a Roof Savings Calculator  

SciTech Connect

A web-based Roof Savings Calculator (RSC) has been deployed for the Department of Energy as an industry-consensus tool to help building owners, manufacturers, distributors, contractors and researchers easily run complex roof and attic simulations. This tool employs the latest web technologies and usability design to provide an easy input interface to an annual simulation of hour-by-hour, whole-building performance using the world-class simulation tools DOE-2.1E and AtticSim. Building defaults were assigned and can provide annual energy and cost savings after the user selects nothing more than building location. In addition to cool reflective roofs, the RSC tool can simulate multiple roof types at arbitrary inclinations. There are options for above sheathing ventilation, radiant barriers and low-emittance surfaces. The tool also accommodates HVAC ducts either in the conditioned space or in the attic with custom air leakage rates. Multiple layers of thermal mass, ceiling insulation and other parameters can be compared side-by-side to generate energy/cost savings between two buildings. The RSC tool was benchmarked against field data for demonstration homes in Ft Irwin, CA.

New, Joshua Ryan [ORNL; Miller, William A [ORNL; Huang, Joe [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL); Erdem, Ender [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Development of a Roof Savings Calculator  

SciTech Connect

A web-based Roof Savings Calculator (RSC) has been deployed for the Department of Energy as an industry-consensus tool to help building owners, manufacturers, distributors, contractors and researchers easily run complex roof and attic simulations. This tool employs the latest web technologies and usability design to provide an easy input interface to an annual simulation of hour-by-hour, whole-building performance using the world-class simulation tools DOE-2.1E and AtticSim. Building defaults were assigned and can provide estimated annual energy and cost savings after the user selects nothing more than building location. In addition to cool reflective roofs, the RSC tool can simulate multiple roof types at arbitrary inclinations. There are options for above sheathing ventilation, radiant barriers, and low-emittance surfaces. The tool also accommodates HVAC ducts either in the conditioned space or in the attic with custom air leakage rates. Multiple layers of building materials, ceiling and deck insulation, and other parameters can be compared side-by-side to generate an energy/cost savings estimate between two buildings. The RSC tool was benchmarked against field data for demonstration homes in Ft. Irwin, CA.

New, Joshua Ryan [ORNL; Miller, William A [ORNL; Desjarlais, Andre Omer [ORNL; Erdem, Ender [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL); Huang, Joe [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Recent PQCD calculations of heavy quark production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We summarize the results of a recent study of heavy quark production and attenuation in cold nuclear matter. In p+p collisions, we investigate the relative contribution of partonic sub-processes to $D$ meson production and $D$ meson-triggered inclusive di-hadrons to lowest order in perturbative QCD. While gluon fusion dominates the creation of large angle $D\\bar{D}$ pairs, charm on light parton scattering determines the yield of single inclusive $D$ mesons. The distinctly different non-perturbative fragmentation of $c$ quarks into $D$ mesons versus the fragmentation of quarks and gluons into light hadrons results in a strong transverse momentum dependence of anticharm content of the away-side charm-triggered jet. In p+A reactions, we calculate and resum the coherent nuclear-enhanced power corrections from the final-state partonic scattering in the medium. We find that single and double inclusive open charm production can be suppressed as much as the yield of neutral pions from dynamical high-twist shadowing. Effects of energy loss in p+A collisions are also investigated in the incoherent Bertsch-Gunion limit and may lead to significantly weaker transverse momentum dependence of the nuclear attenuation.

Ivan Vitev

2006-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

386

EIA - Distributed Generation in Buildings  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Modeling Distributed Generation in the Buildings Sectors . Supplement to the Annual Energy Outlook 2013 Release date: August 29, 2013

387

Electricity Transmission and Distribution Technologies ...  

Electricity Transmission and Distribution Technologies Available for Licensing U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) laboratories and participating research ...

388

B-meson distribution amplitudes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

B-meson light-cone distribution amplitudes are discussed in these lectures in the framework of HQET. The evolution equation for the leading-twist distribution amplitude is derived in one-loop approximation. QCD sum rules for distribution amplitudes are discussed.

A. G. Grozin

2005-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

389

Gradually Truncated Log-normal distribution- Size distribution of firms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Many natural and economical phenomena are described through power law or log-normal distributions. In these cases, probability decreases very slowly with step size compared to normal distribution. Thus it is essential to cut-off these distributions for larger step size. Recently we introduce the gradually truncated power law distribution to successfully describe variation of financial, educational, physical and citation index. In the present work, we introduce gradually truncated log-normal distribution in which we gradually cut-off larger steps due to physical limitation of the system. We applied this distribution successfully to size distribution of USAs manufactoring firms which is measured through their annual sell. The physical limitation are due to limited market size or shortage of highly competent executives. I.

Hari M. Gupta; Jos R. Campanha

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Distributed Energy Resources for Carbon Emissions Mitigation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Energy Reliability, Distribution System Integrationand Energy Reliability, Distribution System Integration

Firestone, Ryan; Marnay, Chris

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

MEMORANDUM FOR DISTRIBUTION  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6, 2013 6, 2013 MEMORANDUM FOR DISTRIBUTION b FROM : PAUL BOSCO ? DIRECTOR Cl.) v SUBJECT: OFFICE OF ACQUISITION AND SUPPLY MANAGEMENT Procurement Evaluation and Re-Engineering Team and Establishment of a 5-Year Cycle with Correspond ing Schedule As you are aware, the Procurement Evaluation and Re-Engineering Team (PERT) has a proven track record within the Department of Energy (DOE) complex for effectively reviewing contractor purchasing systems on Management and Operating contracts. The PERT program is mission essential. Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) 44.302(b) requires Contracting Officers to make an assessment every three years of the need for a review of a contractor's purchasing system; with reduced funding and budget levels, it is considered the most economical way to fulfill the requirements of FAR 44.302(b). The

392

MEMORANDUM FOR DISTRIBUTION  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

* Department of Energy * Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 December 20, 2007 MEMORANDUM FOR DISTRIBUTION FROM: MICHAEL W. OWEN /

393

Distribution Category UC-950  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

EIA - 0627 EIA - 0627 Distribution Category UC-950 May 2001 Energy Information Administration Office of Oil and Gas U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 This report was prepared by the Energy Information Administration, the independent statistical and analytical agency within the U.S. Department of Energy. The Information contained herein should be attributed to the Energy Information Administration and should not be construed as advocating or reflecting any policy of the Department of Energy or any other organization. Energy Information Administration Future Oil Production for the Alaska North Slope iii Future Oil Production for the Alaska North Slope, a product of the Energy Information Administration's (EIA) Office of Oil and Gas,

394

Ductless Hydronic Distribution Systems  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

8, 2011 8, 2011 Ductless Hydronic Distribution Systems Welcome to the Webinar! We will start at 1:00 PM Eastern Time Be sure that you are also dialed into the telephone conference call: Dial-in number: 800-779-8694; Pass code: 2506667 Download the presentation at: www.buildingamerica.gov/meetings.html Building Technologies Program eere.energy.gov * Reduce energy use in new and existing residential buildings * Promote building science and systems engineering / integration approach * "Do no harm": Ensure safety, health and durability are maintained or improved * Accelerate adoption of high performance technologies www.buildingamerica.gov Introduction to Building America Building Technologies Program eere.energy.gov Building America Industry Consortia

395

DISTRIBUTED AMPLIFIER INCORPORATING FEEDBACK  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved distributed amplifier system employing feedback for stabilization is presented. In accordance with the disclosed invention, a signal to be amplified is applled to one end of a suitable terminated grid transmission line. At intervals along the transmission line, the signal is fed to stable, resistance-capacitance coupled amplifiers incorporating feedback loops therein. The output current from each amplifier is passed through an additional tube to minimize the electrostatic capacitance between the tube elements of the last stage of the amplifier, and fed to appropriate points on an output transmission line, similar to the grid line, but terminated at the opposite (input) end. The output taken from the unterminated end of the plate transmission line is proportional to the input voltage impressed upon the grid line.

Bell, P.R. Jr.

1958-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

396

Inclusive distributions at the LHC as predicted from the DPMJET-III model with chain fusion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DPMJET-III with chain fusion is used to calculate inclusive distributions of Pb-Pb collisions at LHC energies. We present rapidity distributions as well as scaled multiplicities at mid-rapidity as function of the collision energy and the number of participants.

J. Ranft; F. W. Bopp; R. Engel; S. Roesler

2007-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

397

Effect of radial power distribution on MITR-II fuel element and control blade worth  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This summary has been prepared to document and discuss several effects on fuel element and control blade reactivity worths that occur due to changes in the radial power distribution of the 5-MW(t) Massachusetts Institute of Technology Research Reactor (MITR-II). These results were obtained from reactor physics measurements and core power distribution calculations made during the past decade.

Bernard, J.A.; Kwok, K.S.; Lanning, D.D.; Clark, L.L. Jr.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Light-Cone Distribution Amplitudes for the Light $1^1P_1$ Mesons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a study of light-cone distribution amplitudes of the light $1^1P_1$ mesons. The first few Gegenbauer moments of leading twist light-cone distribution amplitudes are calculated by using the QCD sum rule technique.

Kwei-Chou Yang

2005-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

399

Momentum distribution of nucleons in the deuteron on the basis of the Moscow potential  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Themomentum distribution of nucleons in the deuteron is calculated for the Moscow and Paris nucleon-nucleon potentials. It is shown that the Moscow potential provides a better description of the distribution deduced from data on the reaction d(e, e Prime p)n in the region close to the kinematical region of quasielastic proton knockout.

Neudatchin, V. G. [Moscow State University, Institute of Nuclear Physics (Russian Federation); Khokhlov, N. A. [Komsomolsk-on-Amur State Technical University (Russian Federation)

2013-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

400

Distributed Energy | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Distributed Distributed Energy Distributed Energy Distributed energy consists of a range of smaller-scale and modular devices designed to provide electricity, and sometimes also thermal energy, in locations close to consumers. They include fossil and renewable energy technologies (e.g., photovoltaic arrays, wind turbines, microturbines, reciprocating engines, fuel cells, combustion turbines, and steam turbines); energy storage devices (e.g., batteries and flywheels); and combined heat and power systems. Distributed energy offers solutions to many of the nation's most pressing energy and electric power problems, including blackouts and brownouts, energy security concerns, power quality issues, tighter emissions standards, transmission bottlenecks, and the desire for greater control over energy costs.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interchange distribution calculator" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Handbook of Industrial Engineering Equations, Formulas, and Calculations  

SciTech Connect

The first handbook to focus exclusively on industrial engineering calculations with a correlation to applications, Handbook of Industrial Engineering Equations, Formulas, and Calculations contains a general collection of the mathematical equations often used in the practice of industrial engineering. Many books cover individual areas of engineering and some cover all areas, but none covers industrial engineering specifically, nor do they highlight topics such as project management, materials, and systems engineering from an integrated viewpoint. Written by acclaimed researchers and authors, this concise reference marries theory and practice, making it a versatile and flexible resource. Succinctly formatted for functionality, the book presents: Basic Math Calculations; Engineering Math Calculations; Production Engineering Calculations; Engineering Economics Calculations; Ergonomics Calculations; Facility Layout Calculations; Production Sequencing and Scheduling Calculations; Systems Engineering Calculations; Data Engineering Calculations; Project Engineering Calculations; and Simulation and Statistical Equations. It has been said that engineers make things while industrial engineers make things better. To make something better requires an understanding of its basic characteristics and the underlying equations and calculations that facilitate that understanding. To do this, however, you do not have to be computational experts; you just have to know where to get the computational resources that are needed. This book elucidates the underlying equations that facilitate the understanding required to improve design processes, continuously improving the answer to the age-old question: What is the best way to do a job?

Badiru, Adedeji B [ORNL; Omitaomu, Olufemi A [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Distributed Wind | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Distributed Wind Distributed Wind Jump to: navigation, search Distributed wind energy systems provide clean, renewable power for on-site use and help relieve pressure on the power grid while providing jobs and contributing to energy security for homes, farms, schools, factories, private and public facilities, distribution utilities, and remote locations.[1] Resources Clean Energy States Alliance. (2010). State-Based Financing Tools to Support Distributed and Community Wind Projects. Accessed September 27, 2013. This guide reviews the financing role that states, and specifically state clean energy funds, have played and can play in supporting community and distributed wind projects. Clean Energy States Alliance. (May 2010). Supporting Onsite Distributed Wind Generation Projects. Accessed September 27, 2013.

403

Energy Dependence of High Moments for Net-proton Distributions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High moments of multiplicity distributions of conserved quantities are predicted to be sensitive to critical fluctuations. To understand the effect of the non-critical physics backgrounds on the proposed observable, we have studied various moments of net-proton distributions with AMPT, Hijing, Therminator and UrQMD models, in which no QCD critical point physics is implemented. It is found that the centrality evolution of various moments of net-proton distributions can be uniformly described by a superposition of emission sources. In addition, in the absence of critical phenomena, some moment products of net-proton distributions, related to the baryon number susceptibilities in Lattice QCD calculations, are predicted to be constant as a function of the collision centrality. We argue that a non-monotonic dependence of the moment products as a function of the beam energy may be used to locate the QCD critical point.

Luo, Xiaofeng; Mohanty, Bedangadas; Ritter, Hans Georg; Xu, Nu

2010-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

404

IMPROVEMENTS TO THE RADIANT TIME SERIES METHOD COOLING LOAD CALCULATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IMPROVEMENTS TO THE RADIANT TIME SERIES METHOD COOLING LOAD CALCULATION PROCEDURE By BEREKET TO THE RADIANT TIME SERIES METHOD COOLING LOAD CALCULATION PROCEDURE Dissertation Approved: Dr. Jeffrey D- Original RTSM.......................................................153 4.4.1 RTSM Peak Design Cooling Load

405

Federal Energy Management Program: Energy Cost Calculator for...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cost Calculator for Air-Cooled Electric Chillers to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Energy Cost Calculator for Air-Cooled Electric Chillers on...

406

SUPPORTING CALCULATIONS FOR SUBMERGED BED SCRUBBER CONDENSATE DISPOSAL PRECONCEPTUAL STUDY  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This document provides supporting calculations for the preparation of the Submerged Bed Scrubber Condensate Disposal Pre conceptual Study report The supporting calculations include equipment sizing, Hazard Category determination, and LAW Melter Decontamination Factor Adjustments.

PAJUNEN AL; TEDESCHI AR

2012-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

407

New Mariners and a Massive Map: Berkeley Computers Calculate...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mariners and a Massive Map: Berkeley Computers Calculate What's in the Sky New Mariners and a Massive Map: Berkeley Computers Calculate What's in the Sky February 2, 2012 - 12:08pm...

408

Supporting Calculations For Submerged Bed Scrubber Condensate Disposal Preconceptual Study  

SciTech Connect

This document provides supporting calculations for the preparation of the Submerged Bed Scrubber Condensate Disposal Preconceptual Study report The supporting calculations include equipment sizing, Hazard Category determination, and LAW Melter Decontamination Factor Adjustments.

Pajunen, A. J.; Tedeschi, A. R.

2012-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

409

Universality of electron distributions in high-energy air showers - description of Cherenkov light production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The shower simulation code CORSIKA has been used to investigate the electron energy and angular distributions in high-energy showers. Based on the universality of both distributions, we develop an analytical description of Cherenkov light emission in extensive air showers, which provides the total number and angular distribution of photons. The parameterisation can be used e.g. to calculate the contribution of direct and scattered Cherenkov light to shower profiles measured with the air fluorescence technique.

F. Nerling; J. Blmer; R. Engel; M. Risse

2005-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

410

A method for the assessment of specific energy distribution in a model tumor system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Due to the short range of alpha particles in tissue, the calculation of dose from internally deposited alpha emitters requires a detailed analysis of the microscopic distribution of the radionuclide in order to determine the spatial distribution of energy emission events and, from this, the spatial distribution of dose. In the present study, the authors used quantitative autoradiography (QAR) to assess the microdistribution of a radiolabeled monoclonal antibody (MAb) fragment in human glioma xenografts in mice.

Noska, M.A.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

411

Dose distribution for /sup 125/I implants due to anisotropic radiation emission and unknown seed orientation  

SciTech Connect

Variations in dose distribution due to anisotropic radiation emission around /sup 125/I seeds and a lack of knowledge about the orientation of the implanted seeds have been investigated. Upper and lower bounds for dose distributions have been calculated for planar implants using the experimentally determined angular dose distribution around a typical /sup 125/I seed. Results of our study suggest that significant dose variations in the center and the periphery of the implanted area are possible.

Prasad, S.C.; Bassano, D.A.; Fear, P.I.

1987-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

EPRI Energy Efficiency CO2 Intensity Calculator, 2010  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This spreadsheet calculator will allow members to quantify the impact of their energy efficiency savings on carbon-dioxide emissions, specific to their region and the end-uses for which the savings emanate. This user-friendly COintensity calculator is a Microsoft Excel application to help utility staff calculate the impact of their actual or planned energy efficiency programs on emissions of CO8322. The calculator will access a database of load dispatch simulation runs of the EPRI National Electric Syste...

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Improved nuclear matter calculations from chiral low-momentum interactions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present nuclear matter calculations based on low-momentum interactions derived from chiral effective field theory potentials. The current calculations use an improved treatment of the three-nucleon force (3NF) contribution that includes a corrected combinatorial factor beyond Hartree-Fock that was omitted in previous nuclear matter calculations. We find realistic saturation properties using parameters fit only to few-body data, but with larger uncertainty estimates from cutoff dependence and the 3NF parametrization than in previous calculations.

Hebeler, K. [TRIUMF, 4004 Wesbrook Mall, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada V6T 2A3 (Canada); Department of Physics, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States); Bogner, S. K. [National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory and Department of Physics and Astronomy, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48844 (United States); Furnstahl, R. J. [Department of Physics, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States); Nogga, A. [Institute for Advanced Simulations, Institut fuer Kernphysik and Juelich Centre for Hadron Physics, Forschungszentrum Juelich, D-52425 Juelich (Germany); Schwenk, A. [ExtreMe Matter Institute EMMI, GSI Helmholtzzentrum fuer Schwerionenforschung GmbH, D-64291 Darmstadt (Germany); Institut fuer Kernphysik, Technische Universitaet Darmstadt, D-64289 Darmstadt (Germany)

2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

414

Portable programmable calculator programs for HVAC noise applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Several RPN programs suitable for HP?97 and ?41C calculator use are briefly described in terms of their applications

David A. Conant

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Portable programmable calculator programs for HVAC noise applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Seven RPN programs suitable for HP?97 and 41?C calculator use are briefly described in terms of their applications

David A. Conant

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Handbook on Material and Energy Balance Calculations in ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jul 1, 1998 ... Handbook on Material and Energy Balance Calculations in Metallurgical Processes by H. Alan ... Extraction and Processing; Fundamentals;...

417

ETTM - Heat Transfer Calculations Version 1.0  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

ETTM Heat Transfer Calculations is a computer based training module that allows users to access training when desired and review it at their own pace. It provides graphics and limited interactive features to enhance learning. This module reviews the basic engineering principles used to calculate heat transfer and how to apply these principles to typical nuclear plant applications. The calculation of heat transfer in plant systems is an important element of many engineering calculations. Students should r...

2010-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

418

TDHF fusion calculations for spherical+deformed systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We outline a formalism to carry out TDHF calculations of fusion cross sections for spherical + deformed nuclei. The procedure incorporates the dynamic alignment of the deformed nucleus into the calculation of the fusion cross section. The alignment results from multiple E2/E4 Coulomb excitation of the ground state rotational band. Implications for TDHF fusion calculations are discussed. TDHF calculations are done in an unrestricted three-dimensional geometry using modern Skyrme force parametrizations.

A. S. Umar; V. E. Oberacker

2006-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

419

IEEE P-1622 Voting Systems Electronic Data Interchange  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Instruct the WG Secretary to record in the minutes of the relevant WG meeting: ... Corporate Advisory. Group (CAG). ... IEEE Power & Energy Society (PE). ...

2011-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

420

Motion Interchange Patterns for Action Recognition in Unconstrained Videos  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Local descriptors. These methods begin by seeking coordinates of space-time interest points (STIP) [7 on a suitable number of STIP detections in each video; videos supplying too few (e.g., videos of subtle motion algorithms, including LTP [22] which is the most rel- evant to our own, and the STIP descriptors ­ HOG, HOF

Wolf, Lior

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interchange distribution calculator" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Interchangeable whole-body and nose-only exposure system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An exposure system for experimental animals includes a container for a single animal which has a double wall. The animal is confined within the inner wall. Gaseous material enters a first end, flows over the entire animal, then back between the walls and out the first end. The system also includes an arrangement of valve-controlled manifolds for supplying gaseous material to, and exhausting it from, the containers.

Cannon, William C. (Richland, WA); Allemann, Rudolph T. (Richland, WA); Moss, Owen R. (Cary, NC); Decker, Jr., John R. (Pasco, WA)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Data interchange standards for biotechnology: Issues and alternatives  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report outlines a framework for discussion of what aspects of biotechnical information might be good candidates for guidelines or standards, what existing data exchange standards might be appropriate building blocks upon which to build, and what procedural mechanisms might be appropriate for adoption of such guidelines or standards. It builds on experience from other scientific communities which have already benefitted from development of discipline-specific data exchange standards. 33 refs.

McCarthy, J.L.

1990-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Data Format for the Interchange of Fingerprint, Facial & SMT ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Page 18. Male Face MFACE Cats & Cat Heads CAT Female Face FFACE Dogs & Dog Heads DOG ... Boats, Ships, and Other Vessels VESSEL ...

2010-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

424

Gossiping in distributed systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Exchange of information between various nodes in a distributed network can be useful to utilize the available resources effectively. Gossiping algorithms can be used for this purpose. We begin with a survey of various gossiping schemes for different types of network topologies. Two types of gossiping techniques have traditionally been studied and used: (i) schemes in which there is an initiator to start the algorithm and (ii) sch emes without an initiator. These are again sub-divided into two classes: (i) each node knowing the entire graph of the network and (ii) each node knowing only its neighbors. In the schemes with an initiator, the leader initiates the algorithm and subsequently other nodes in the system participate in the algorithm when they are told to do so by a node which already participates in the algorithm. Assuming that each node knows only its neighbors, we propose and implement a gossiping scheme which can compromise message complexity with the time taken to reach consensus. This scheme assumes that one of the nodes is the initiator. We also propose a method for gossiping in an arbitrary graph without an initiator where nodes communicate asynchronously using timeouts.

Penubothu, Muralidhar V

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

ASAP distributed analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ASAP is a job creation and management framework used by CMS physicists to perform data analysis using the Grid. ASAP hides many of the low-level details of the Grid so that physicists can distribute their work across the Grid to take advantage of the available CPU power and access the stored data. There is also a server side component to, which users can delegate responsibility for their jobs. The server monitors the status of jobs and resubmits in the case of Grid or application failure The Grid provides the computing and storage resources necessary for the analysis and storage of large volumes of High Energy Physics data. ASAP provides a layer over the standard grid job management tools, which means that users do not have to be concerned with the details of job creation, submission and monitoring. The presence of the server side component increases the chances of the users jobs being successfully completed. The main concerns are the performance and reliability of jobs. In addition documentation is often ...

Munro, Craig; Khan, Akram

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Graphical Representation of SUSY and C-Program Calculation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a graphical representation of the supersymmetry and a C-program for the graphical calculation. Calculation is demonstrated for 4D Wess-Zumino model and for Super QED. The chiral operators are graphically expressed in an illuminating way. The tedious part of SUSY calculation, due to manipulating chiral suffixes, reduces considerably. The application is diverse.

Shoichi Ichinose

2006-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

427

Examinations of electron temperature calculation methods in Thomson scattering diagnostics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electron temperature from Thomson scattering diagnostic is derived through indirect calculation based on theoretical model. {chi}-square test is commonly used in the calculation, and the reliability of the calculation method highly depends on the noise level of input signals. In the simulations, noise effects of the {chi}-square test are examined and scale factor test is proposed as an alternative method.

Oh, Seungtae; Lee, Jong Ha; Wi, Hanmin [National Fusion Research Institute, 113 Gwahangno, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-333 (Korea, Republic of)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

428

Distribution of independent fission-product yields to isomeric states  

SciTech Connect

A simple one-parameter model is presented for calculating the distribution of independent yield strength between ground and isomeric states of primary fission products formed by neutron-induced fission of actinide nuclei. Yield branching ratios are calculated as a function of neutron energy (thermal, fast, and 14-MeV) for 144 nuclides having isomeric states with T/sub 1/2/ greater than or equal to 0.1 s. The results are proposed for use in the ENDF/B-V yield files.

Madland, D.G.; England, T.R.

1976-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Distributed Intelligent Agents for Decision Making at Local Distribute...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(large- scale automated demand response, distribution automation control, and Microgrid control applications). For more information about this seminar, please contact: Peng...

430

The Effects of Fuel Distribution, Velocity Distribution, and...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Distribution, and Fuel Composition on Static and Dynamic Instabilities and NO x Emissions in Lean Premixed Combustors Principal Investigator: Domenic A. Santavicca SCIES Project...

431

Water Heaters and Hot Water Distribution Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

gas water heaters; and pressure loss calculations for residentialgas water heaters; and pressure loss calculations for residential

Lutz, Jim

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Dynamics and length distribution of microtubules under force and confinement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the microtubule polymerization dynamics with catastrophe and rescue events for three different confinement scenarios, which mimic typical cellular environments: (i) The microtubule is confined by rigid and fixed walls, (ii) it grows under constant force, and (iii) it grows against an elastic obstacle with a linearly increasing force. We use realistic catastrophe models and analyze the microtubule dynamics, the resulting microtubule length distributions, and force generation by stochastic and mean field calculations; in addition, we perform stochastic simulations. We also investigate the force dynamics if growth parameters are perturbed in dilution experiments. Finally, we show the robustness of our results against changes of catastrophe models and load distribution factors.

Bjrn Zelinski; Nina Mller; Jan Kierfeld

2012-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

433

Improved Numerical Method for Calculation of 4-Body Transition Amplitudes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In order to study 4-body atomic collisions such as excitation-ionization, transfer with target excitation, and double electron capture, the calculation of a nine-dimensional numerical integral is often required. This calculation can become computationally expensive, especially when calculating fully differential cross sections (FDCS), where the positions and momenta of all the particles are known. We have developed a new technique for calculating FDCS using fewer computing hours, but more memory. This new technique allows for much more efficient calculations and the use of many fewer resources.

Harris, A L

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Calculation of the impact sensitivity characteristics of solid explosives  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method is proposed for calculating the critical impact initiation parameters of solid explosive in connection with fall-hammer sensitivity tests using a Kholevo No. 2 instrument. Tables present the initial data for calculating the critical initiation parameters of a series of common explosives, and the results of the calculations. Also shown are the results of calculating p and delta as functions of the composition of an ammonium perchlorate-Plexiglas mixture. The experimental data on the sensitivity of this mixture are consistent with the calculations made on the assumption of a chemical reaction between the ammonium-perchlorate and the Plexiglas (or their thermal decomposition products) on impact.

Dubovik, A.V.

1986-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

CRC handbook of nuclear reactors calculations. Vol. III  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This handbook breaks down the complex field of nuclear reactor calculations into major steps. Each step presents a detailed analysis of the problems to be solved, the parameters involved, and the elaborate computer programs developed to perform the calculations. This book bridges the gap between nuclear reactor theory and the implementation of that theory, including the problems to be encountered and the level of confidence that should be given to the methods described. Volume III: Control Rods and Burnable Absorber Calculations. Perturbation Theory for Nuclear Reactor Analysis. Thermal Reactors Calculations. Fast Reactor Calculations. Seed-Blanket Reactors. Index.

Ronen, Y.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Distribution Management Systems Planning Guide  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

No portion of the electric power grid has been impacted more significantly by the Smart Grid concept than the electric distribution system. In the past, the distribution portion of the system received little attention compared to transmission and generation systems unless the lights went out. Since the dawn of the smart grid era, many electric distribution utilities have transitioned from (or are in the process of transitioning from) a mostly manual, paper-driven business process to electronic ...

2013-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

437

Distribution Grounding of Underground Facilities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes Phase I of a two-phase project to assess industry practices and standards for grounding and bonding of medium-voltage underground residential distribution (URD) and underground commercial distribution (UCD) circuits and worker safety in worksites with these systems.The report includes an overview of the issues and concerns associated with underground distribution systems safety and, in particular, worker safety in worksites. It identifies the industry and utility ...

2013-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

438

Generating multivariate extreme value distributions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We define in a probabilistic way a parametric family of multivariate extreme value distributions. We derive its copula, which is a mixture of several complete dependent copulas and total independent copulas, and the bivariate tail dependence and extremal coefficients. Based on the obtained results for these coefficients, we propose a method to built multivariate extreme value distributions with prescribed tail/extremal coefficients. We illustrate the results with examples of simulation of these distributions.

Ferreira, Helena

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Federal Energy Management Program: Energy Cost Calculator for Electric and  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Cost Energy Cost Calculator for Electric and Gas Water Heaters to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Energy Cost Calculator for Electric and Gas Water Heaters on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Energy Cost Calculator for Electric and Gas Water Heaters on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Energy Cost Calculator for Electric and Gas Water Heaters on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Energy Cost Calculator for Electric and Gas Water Heaters on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Energy Cost Calculator for Electric and Gas Water Heaters on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: Energy Cost Calculator for Electric and Gas Water Heaters on AddThis.com...

440

Advanced Distribution Automation Technical Assessments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This 2008 progress report on advanced distribution technical assessments focused on the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) TC-57 body of standards.

2008-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interchange distribution calculator" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Background on Quantum Key Distribution  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Background on Quantum Key Distribution. ... If someone, referred to by cryptographers as Eve, tries to eavesdrop on the transmission, she will not ...

2011-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

442

Distributed Systems for Energy Management  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

buildings-to-grid, responsive loads, on-line monitoring of efficiency programs, microgrids, and other forms of distributed resource management. A key challenge will be the...

443

Singularities of Generalized Parton Distributions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Progress of recent work on modeling generalized parton distributions is given. Special attention was paid to study of their singularities structure.

Radyushkin, Anatoly V. [JLAB, Old Dominion U.

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Natural Gas Pipeline & Distribution Use  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

(Million Cubic Feet) Data Series: Total Consumption Lease and Plant Fuel Consumption Pipeline & Distribution Use Volumes Delivered to Consumers Volumes Delivered to Residential...

445

Distributed Control for Smart Lighting.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In this research, we investigate designing a smart lighting system. By extending and enhancing the centralized and distributed control algorithms we try to address the (more)

Phadke, Swanand Shripad

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Singularities of Generalized Parton Distributions  

SciTech Connect

The basic ideas of the theory of Generalized Parton Distributions (GPDs) are reviewed. Recent developments in the study of singularities of GPDs are discussed.

Anatoly Radyushkin

2012-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

447

Distribution Reliability Trends and Correlations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Distribution reliability statistics, which measure sustained interruptions, are the primary benchmark used by utilities and regulators to identify service quality and to measure performance.

2005-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

448

The underwater radiance distribution problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE UNDERWATER RADIANCE DISTRIBUTION PROBLEM S. Q. DuntleyFunction of Depth in an Underwater Environment," which firsta Function of Depth in an Underwater Environment," which has

Duntley, Seibert Q

1959-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Residential Price - Local Distribution Companies  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential and Commercial Consumers by Local Distribution and Marketers in Selected States (Dollars per ...

450

Distributed Generation with Heat Recovery and Storage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Distributed Generation with Heat Recovery and Storage energy resources (DER), distributed generation (DG), andload of Figure 2. distributed generation of part or all of

Siddiqui, Afzal; Marnay, Chris; Firestone, Ryan M.; Zhou, Nan

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Operation of Distributed Generation Under Stochastic Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Operation of Distributed Generation Under Stochastic PricesOPERATION OF DISTRIBUTED GENERATION UNDER STOCHASTIC PRICESwith either on-site distributed generation (DG) or purchases

Siddiqui, Afzal S.; Marnay, Chris

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Distributed Generation with Heat Recovery and Storage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electricity generated by distributed energy resources (DER)Energy, Office of Distributed Energy of the US Department ofdefined names including distributed energy resources (DER),

Siddiqui, Afzal; Marnay, Chris; Firestone, Ryan M.; Zhou, Nan

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Distributed Generation with Heat Recovery and Storage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of customer adoption of distributed energy resources, LBNLR. M. (2005). Distributed energy resources customer adoptionT. (2003). Gas-fired distributed energy resource technology

Siddiqui, Afzal S.; Marnay, Chris; Firestone, Ryan M.; Zhou, Nan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Distributed Energy Resources for Carbon Emissions Mitigation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2003. Gas-Fired Distributed Energy Resource TechnologyATIONAL L ABORATORY Distributed Energy Resources for CarbonFirestone 5128 Distributed Energy Resources for Carbon

Firestone, Ryan; Marnay, Chris

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Distributed Energy Resources Market Diffusion Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

International Journal of Distributed Energy Resources, 1 (Gas-Fired Distributed Energy Resources Characterizations.Firestone, R. (2004) Distributed Energy Resources Customer

Maribu, Karl Magnus; Firestone, Ryan; Marnay, Chris; Siddiqui, Afzal S.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Record Liaison Officers (RLO) Distribution List | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Record Liaison Officers (RLO) Distribution List Record Liaison Officers (RLO) Distribution List Distribution List of Record Liaison Officers Record Liaison Officers (RLO)...

457

Spectral energy distribution for GJ406  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present results of modelling the bulk of the spectral energy distribution (0.35 - 5 micron) for GJ406 (M6V). Synthetic spectra were calculated using the NextGen, Dusty and Cond model atmospheres and incorporate line lists for H2O, TiO, CrH, FeH, CO, MgH molecules as well as the VALD line list of atomic lines. A comparison of synthetic and observed spectra gives Tef = 2800 +/- 100 K. We determine M$_bol = 12.13 +/- 0.10 for which evolutionary models by Baraffe et al. (2003) suggest an age of around 0.1 -- 0.35 Gyr consistent with its high activity. The age and luminosity of GJ406 correspond to a wide range of plausible masses (0.07 -- 0.1 Msun).

Pavlenko, Ya V; Lyubchik, Y; Tennyson, J; Pinfield, D J; Pavlenko, Ya. V.; Lyubchik, Yu.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Spectral energy distribution for GJ406  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present results of modelling the bulk of the spectral energy distribution (0.35 - 5 micron) for GJ406 (M6V). Synthetic spectra were calculated using the NextGen, Dusty and Cond model atmospheres and incorporate line lists for H2O, TiO, CrH, FeH, CO, MgH molecules as well as the VALD line list of atomic lines. A comparison of synthetic and observed spectra gives Tef = 2800 +/- 100 K. We determine M$_bol = 12.13 +/- 0.10 for which evolutionary models by Baraffe et al. (2003) suggest an age of around 0.1 -- 0.35 Gyr consistent with its high activity. The age and luminosity of GJ406 correspond to a wide range of plausible masses (0.07 -- 0.1 Msun).

Ya. V. Pavlenko; H. R. A. Jones; Yu. Lyubchik; J. Tennyson; D. J. Pinfield

2005-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

459

Worst Case Scenario for Large Distribution Networks with Distributed Generation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and distribution networks, finally to the electric energy consumers. The life style of a nation is measured) in distri- bution network has significant effects on voltage profile for both customers and distribution of this formula is checked by comparing with the existing power systems simulation software. Using the voltage

Pota, Himanshu Roy

460

Development of methodologies for calculating greenhouse gas emissions...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Buildings Simulation Tools Sustainable Federal Operations Windows and Daylighting Electricity Grid Demand Response Distributed Energy Electricity Reliability Energy Analysis...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interchange distribution calculator" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Distribution of Clokey's Eggvetch  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Environment, Safety and Health Division of the U.S. Department of Energy, Nevada Operations Office implements the Ecological Monitoring and Compliance Program on the Nevada Test Site (NTS). This program ensures compliance with applicable environmental laws and regulations, delineates and describes NTS ecosystems, and provides ecological information for predicting and evaluating potential impacts of proposed projects on those ecosystems. Over the last several decades, has taken an active role in providing information on the tatus of plant species proposed for protection under the Endangered Species Act(ESA). One such species is Clokey's eggvetch (Astragalus oophorus var. clokeyanus), which is a candidate species under the listing guidelines of the ESA. Surveys for this species were conducted on the NTS in 1996, 1997, and 1998. Field surveys focused on potential habitat for this species in the southern Belted range and expanded to other areas with similar habitat. Over 30 survey day s were completed; five survey days in 1996, 25 survey days in 1997, and three survey days in 1998. Clokey's eggvetch was located at several sites in the southern Belted Range. It was found through much of the northern section of Kawich Canyon, one site at the head of Gritty Gulch, and a rather extensive location in Lambs Canyon. It was also located further south at Captain Jack Springs in the Eleana Range, in much of Falcon Canyon and around Echo Peak on Pahute Mesa, and was also found in the Timber and Shoshone Mountains. Overall, the locations of Clokey's eggvetch on the NTS appears to form a distinct bridge between populations of the species located further north in the Belted and Kawich Ranges and the population located in the Spring Mountains. Clokey's eggvetch was commonly found along washes and small draws, and typically in sandy loam soils with a covering of light tuffaceous rock. It occurs primarily above 1830 meters (6000 feet) in association with single-leaf pinyon (Pinus monophylla), Utah juniper (Juniperus osteosperma), and big sagebrush (Artemisia tridentata ssp. tridentata). Overall, the populations of Clokey's eggvetch on the NTS appear to be vigorous and do not appear threatened. It is estimated that there are approximately 2300 plants on the NTS. It should be considered as a species of concern because of its localized distribution, but it does not appear to warrant protection under the ESA.

David C. Anderson

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Smart Distribution Applications for Distributed Energy Resources: Distribution Management System Use Cases  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Technology advancements in solar photovoltaic and battery storage have driven sharp increases in their deployment by utilities, consumers, and third parties. Distributed energy resources (DERs), such as solar photovoltaic and battery storage, are often connected to the grid with a smart inverter at the distribution level, and distribution operational requirements are being greatly impacted by their presence. Smart inverters have advanced message processing and fast power control ...

2013-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

463

Creating Incentives for Electricity Providers to Integrate Distributed Energy Resources  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Most distributed energy resources (DER) are customer owned in the United States, and, largely because of the lack of scaleable business models and/or regulatory drivers, utility interest in DER remains limited. This project created customer- as well as utility-owned business models and regulatory approaches to encourage DER integration, along with a set of economic calculators to test these models with various technologies.

2007-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

464

Distribution substation load impacts of residential air conditioner load control  

SciTech Connect

An ongoing experiment to monitor the substation level load impacts of end-use load control is described. An overview of the data acquisition system, experimental procedures and analysis techniques are provided. Results of the 1983 and 1984 experiments demonstrate the value of aggregate load impact monitoring as a means of verifying load research results, calculating the diversity of end-use loads, and predicting the impacts of load management on the transmission and distribution systems.

Heffner, G.C.; Kaufman, D.A.

1985-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

ANN - based distribution system reconfiguration  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes an Artificial Neural Network (ANN) - based distribution system reconfiguration scheme to reduce system loss. The ANN is trained for different load levels and different network topologies. The proposed scheme has been tested using a 38 - bus distribution system. The results are very promising.

Momoh, J.A.; Wang, Yanchun [Howard Univ., Washington, DC (United States). Electrical Engineering Dept.; Rizy, D.T. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Quality monitored distributed voting system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A quality monitoring system can detect certain system faults and fraud attempts in a distributed voting system. The system uses decoy voters to cast predetermined check ballots. Absent check ballots can indicate system faults. Altered check ballots can indicate attempts at counterfeiting votes. The system can also cast check ballots at predetermined times to provide another check on the distributed voting system. 6 figs.

Skogmo, D.

1997-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

467

Underground Distribution Cable Fleet Management  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes industry research and data collection related to distribution cable system management. Focus areas include international practices for cable system management, international research activities, and application of diagnostic testing techniques. This report is a follow-up to the 2010 effort to catalog leading practices for distribution cable fleet management.

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

468

DISTRIBUTED GENERATION AND COGENERATION POLICY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION DISTRIBUTED GENERATION AND COGENERATION POLICY ROADMAP FOR CALIFORNIA;ABSTRACT This report defines a year 2020 policy vision for distributed generation and cogeneration and cogeneration. Additionally, this report describes long-term strategies, pathways, and milestones to take

469

Verifying the Dependence of Fractal Coefficients on Different Spatial Distributions  

SciTech Connect

A fractal distribution requires that the number of objects larger than a specific size r has a power-law dependence on the size N(r) = C/r{sup D}propor tor{sup -D} where D is the fractal dimension. Usually the correlation integral is calculated to estimate the correlation fractal dimension of epicentres. A 'box-counting' procedure could also be applied giving the 'capacity' fractal dimension. The fractal dimension can be an integer and then it is equivalent to a Euclidean dimension (it is zero of a point, one of a segment, of a square is two and of a cube is three). In general the fractal dimension is not an integer but a fractional dimension and there comes the origin of the term 'fractal'. The use of a power-law to statistically describe a set of events or phenomena reveals the lack of a characteristic length scale, that is fractal objects are scale invariant. Scaling invariance and chaotic behavior constitute the base of a lot of natural hazards phenomena. Many studies of earthquakes reveal that their occurrence exhibits scale-invariant properties, so the fractal dimension can characterize them. It has first been confirmed that both aftershock rate decay in time and earthquake size distribution follow a power law. Recently many other earthquake distributions have been found to be scale-invariant. The spatial distribution of both regional seismicity and aftershocks show some fractal features. Earthquake spatial distributions are considered fractal, but indirectly. There are two possible models, which result in fractal earthquake distributions. The first model considers that a fractal distribution of faults leads to a fractal distribution of earthquakes, because each earthquake is characteristic of the fault on which it occurs. The second assumes that each fault has a fractal distribution of earthquakes. Observations strongly favour the first hypothesis.The fractal coefficients analysis provides some important advantages in examining earthquake spatial distribution, which are: - Simple way to quantify scale-invariant distributions of complex objects or phenomena by a small number of parameters. - It is becoming evident that the applicability of fractal distributions to geological problems could have a more fundamental basis. Chaotic behaviour could underlay the geotectonic processes and the applicable statistics could often be fractal.The application of fractal distribution analysis has, however, some specific aspects. It is usually difficult to present an adequate interpretation of the obtained values of fractal coefficients for earthquake epicenter or hypocenter distributions. That is why in this paper we aimed at other goals - to verify how a fractal coefficient depends on different spatial distributions. We simulated earthquake spatial data by generating randomly points first in a 3D space - cube, then in a parallelepiped, diminishing one of its sides. We then continued this procedure in 2D and 1D space. For each simulated data set we calculated the points' fractal coefficient (correlation fractal dimension of epicentres) and then checked for correlation between the coefficients values and the type of spatial distribution.In that way one can obtain a set of standard fractal coefficients' values for varying spatial distributions. These then can be used when real earthquake data is analyzed by comparing the real data coefficients values to the standard fractal coefficients. Such an approach can help in interpreting the fractal analysis results through different types of spatial distributions.

Gospodinov, Dragomir [Plovdiv University 'Paisii Hilendarski', 24, Tsar Asen Str., Plovdiv (Bulgaria); Geophysical Institute of Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Akad. G. Bonchev Str., bl.3, Sofia (Bulgaria); Marekova, Elisaveta; Marinov, Alexander [Plovdiv University 'Paisii Hilendarski', 24, Tsar Asen Str., Plovdiv (Bulgaria)

2010-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

470

Annual Coal Distribution Report 2012  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

December 2013 December 2013 Independent Statistics & Analysis www.eia.gov U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 Annual Coal Distribution Report 2012 This report was prepared by the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), the statistical and analytical agency within the U.S. Department of Energy. By law, EIA's data, analyses, and forecasts are independent of approval by any other officer or employee of the United States Government. The views in this report therefore should not be construed as representing those of the Department of Energy or other Federal agencies. iii U.S. Energy Information Administration | Annual Coal Distribution Report 2012 Overview of Annual Coal Distribution Tables, 2012 Introduction The Annual Coal Distribution Report (ACDR) provides detailed information on domestic coal distribution by origin state,

471

NREL: Learning - Distributed Energy Basics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Distributed Energy Basics Distributed Energy Basics Photo of transmission towers and lines extending for miles towards a pink sunset in the distance. Distributed energy technologies can relieve transmission bottlenecks by reducing the amount of electricity that must be sent long distances down high-voltage power lines. Distributed energy refers to a variety of small, modular power-generating technologies that can be combined with load management and energy storage systems to improve the quality and/or reliability of the electricity supply. They are "distributed" because they are placed at or near the point of energy consumption, unlike traditional "centralized" systems, where electricity is generated at a remotely located, large-scale power plant and then transmitted down power lines to the consumer.

472

EIA - Distributed Generation in Buildings  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Previous reports Previous reports Distributed Generation in Buildings - AEO2005 Modeling Distributed Electricity Generation in the NEMS Buildings Models - July 2002 Modeling Distributed Generation in the Buildings Sectors Supplement to the Annual Energy Outlook 2013 - Release date: August 29, 2013 Distributed and dispersed generation technologies generate electricity near the particular load they are intended to serve, such as a residential home or commercial building. EIA defines distributed generation (DG) as being connected to the electrical grid and intended to directly offset retail sales, and dispersed generation as being off-grid and often used for remote applications where grid-connected electricity is cost-prohibitive. Dispersed generation in the buildings sector is not currently gathered by

473

Canonical-basis time-dependent Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov theory and linear-response calculations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present simple equations for a canonical-basis formulation of the time-dependent Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov (TDHFB) theory. The equations are obtained from the TDHFB theory with an approximation that the pair potential is assumed to be diagonal in the canonical basis. The canonical-basis formulation significantly reduces the computational cost. We apply the method to linear-response calculations for even-even light nuclei and demonstrate its capability and accuracy by comparing our results with recent calculations of the quasi-particle random-phase approximation with Skyrme functionals. We show systematic studies of E1 strength distributions for Ne and Mg isotopes. The evolution of the low-lying pygmy strength seems to be determined by the interplay of several factors, including the neutron excess, separation energy, neutron shell effects, deformation, and pairing.

Shuichiro Ebata; Takashi Nakatsukasa; Tsunenori Inakura; Kenichi Yoshida; Yukio Hashimoto; Kazuhiro Yabana

2010-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

474

Calculation of electric field and audible noise from transmission lines with non-parallel conductors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In order to investigate the feasibility of using new transmission line configurations with non-parallel conductors, for managing magnetic field in critical areas, techniques are needed to assess the effects of different three-dimensional line arrangements on other important design parameters. A new method for calculation of electric field and corona-generated audible noise from non-parallel conductors is described and implemented as a computer tool. This method uses linearly varying line charges to simulate charge distribution along the axial direction of the transmission line. New algorithms are developed for calculating electric field and audible noise due to non-uniform line charges and illustrated by examples of low magnetic field transmission line designs.

Liu, Y. [Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA (United States); Zaffanella, L.E. [Enertech Consultants, Lee, MA (United States)

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Calculation of Neoclassical Toroidal Viscosity with a Particle Simulation in the Tokamak Magnetic Breaking Experiments  

SciTech Connect

Accurate calculation of perturbed distribution function #14;?f and perturbed magnetic fi eld #14;?B is essential to achieve prediction of non-ambipolar transport and neoclassical toroidal viscosity (NTV) in perturbed tokamaks. This paper reports a study of the NTV with a #14;?f particle code (POCA) and improved understanding of magnetic braking in tokamak experiments. POCA calculates the NTV by computing #14;f with guiding-center orbit motion and using #14;B from the ideal perturbed equilibrium code (IPEC). POCA simulations are compared with experimental estimations for NTV, which are measured from angular momentum balance (DIII-D) and toroidal rotational damping rate (NSTX). The calculation shows good agreement in total NTV torque for the DIII-D discharge, where an analytic neoclassical theory also gives a consistent result thanks to relatively large aspect-ratio and slow toroidal rotations. In NSTX discharges, where the aspect-ratio is small and the rotation is fast, the theory only gives a qualitative guide for predicting NTV. However, the POCA simulation largely improves the quantitative NTV prediction for NSTX. It is discussed that a self- consistent calculation of ?#14;B using general perturbed equilibria is eventually necessary since a non-ideal plasma response can change the perturbed eld and thereby the NTV torque.

Kimin Kim, et al

2013-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

476

Postimplant Dosimetry Using a Monte Carlo Dose Calculation Engine: A New Clinical Standard  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To use the Monte Carlo (MC) method as a dose calculation engine for postimplant dosimetry. To compare the results with clinically approved data for a sample of 28 patients. Two effects not taken into account by the clinical calculation, interseed attenuation and tissue composition, are being specifically investigated. Methods and Materials: An automated MC program was developed. The dose distributions were calculated for the target volume and organs at risk (OAR) for 28 patients. Additional MC techniques were developed to focus specifically on the interseed attenuation and tissue effects. Results: For the clinical target volume (CTV) D{sub 90} parameter, the mean difference between the clinical technique and the complete MC method is 10.7 Gy, with cases reaching up to 17 Gy. For all cases, the clinical technique overestimates the deposited dose in the CTV. This overestimation is mainly from a combination of two effects: the interseed attenuation (average, 6.8 Gy) and tissue composition (average, 4.1 Gy). The deposited dose in the OARs is also overestimated in the clinical calculation. Conclusions: The clinical technique systematically overestimates the deposited dose in the prostate and in the OARs. To reduce this systematic inaccuracy, the MC method should be considered in establishing a new standard for clinical postimplant dosimetry and dose-outcome studies in a near future.

Carrier, Jean-Francois [Departement de Radio-Oncologie, et Centre de Recherche du CHUM, Hopital Notre-Dame du CHUM, Montreal, Quebec (Canada) and Departement de Radio-Oncologie et Centre de Recherche en Cancerologie de Universite Laval, CHUQ Pavillon Hotel-Dieu de Quebec, Quebec (Canada)]. E-mail: jean-francois.carrier.chum@ssss.gouv.qc.ca; D' Amours, Michel [Departement de Radio-Oncologie et Centre de Recherche en Cancerologie de Universite Laval, CHUQ Pavillon Hotel-Dieu de Quebec, Quebec (Canada); Verhaegen, Frank [Medical Physics Unit, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec (Canada); Reniers, Brigitte [Medical Physics Unit, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec (Canada); Martin, Andre-Guy [Departement de Radio-Oncologie et Centre de Recherche en Cancerologie de Universite Laval, CHUQ Pavillon Hotel-Dieu de Quebec, Quebec (Canada); Vigneault, Eric [Departement de Radio-Oncologie et Centre de Recherche en Cancerologie de Universite Laval, CHUQ Pavillon Hotel-Dieu de Quebec, Quebec (Canada); Beaulieu, Luc [Departement de Radio-Oncologie et Centre de Recherche en Cancerologie de Universite Laval, CHUQ Pavillon Hotel-Dieu de Quebec, Quebec (Canada)

2007-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

477

How and why distribution loads vary  

SciTech Connect

Because the maximum-use rates of gas customers having differing appliance combinations do not coincide, a distribution system's peak-hour flow rate depends on the relative proportions of the load contributed by the appliances of all the different types of residential, commercial, and industrial customers. The maximum load on Central Hudson's distribution system coincides with the maximum hourly gas flow rate for all residential space-heating purposes; however, Central Hudson analyzes the peak-hour load of its commercial and industrial customers individually. The gas-system sendout presented as a sendout-duration curve is a convenient way to show how these various loads determine gas requirements and to compare the economics of alternative supply methods. The sendout-duration curve consists of long-term weather data plotted against time intervals of 1-365 days. If the threshold temperature and the heating load per degree-day are known, the curve allows the calculation of both normal and design annual peakshaving quantities.

Haber, D.P.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Intelligence distribution for data processing in smart grids: A semantic approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The smart grid vision demands both syntactic interoperability in order to physically be able to interchange data and semantic interoperability to properly understand and interpret its meaning. The IEC and the EPRI have backed to this end the harmonization ... Keywords: OWL-ontologies, Real-time processing, Semantic interoperability, Smart grid

Juan Carlos Nieves, Angelina Espinoza, Yoseba K. Penya, Mariano Ortega De Mues, Aitor PeA

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

NREL: Distributed Grid Integration - Solar Distributed Grid Integration  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Solar Distributed Grid Integration Projects Solar Distributed Grid Integration Projects NREL provides grid integration support, system-level testing, and systems analysis for DOE's Solar Distributed Grid Integration Projects supported by the SunShot Initiative. These projects address technical issues and develop solutions for high penetration grid integration of solar technologies into the electric power system to meet the following goals: Reduce cost: reduce interconnection costs by developing streamlined procedures including advanced integration models for utility interconnection of photovoltaics (PV) Reduce market barriers: work with utilities and system integrators to reduce market barriers by providing research on impacts of integration of high penetration of PV systems and developing solutions.

480

Distributed Energy Resources for Carbon Emissions Mitigation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

U.S. Commercial Distributed Generation Adoption. LawrenceN. Zhou, 2007. Distributed Generation with Heat Recovery

Firestone, Ryan; Marnay, Chris

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interchange distribution calculator" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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481

Industrial Distributed Energy: Combined Heat & Power | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Industrial Distributed Energy: Combined Heat & Power Industrial Distributed Energy: Combined Heat & Power Information about the Department of Energy's Industrial Technologies...

482

NREL: PVWatts - PVWatts Grid Data Calculator (Version 2)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Grid Data Calculator (Version 2) Grid Data Calculator (Version 2) PVWattsTM Grid Data calculator allows users to select a photovoltaic (PV) system location in the United States from an interactive map. The Grid Data calculator uses hourly typical meteorological year weather data and a PV performance model to estimate annual energy production and cost savings for a crystalline silicon PV system. It allows users to create estimated performance data for any location in the United States or its territories by selecting a site on a 40-km gridded map. The 40-km Grid Data calculator considers data from a climatologically similar typical meteorological year data station and site-specific solar resource and maximum temperature information to provide PV performance estimation. In this version, performance is first calculated for the the nearest TMY2

483

Federal Energy Management Program: Energy Cost Calculator for Commercial  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Cost Energy Cost Calculator for Commercial Heat Pumps (5.4 >=< 20 Tons) to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Energy Cost Calculator for Commercial Heat Pumps (5.4 >=< 20 Tons) on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Energy Cost Calculator for Commercial Heat Pumps (5.4 >=< 20 Tons) on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Energy Cost Calculator for Commercial Heat Pumps (5.4 >=< 20 Tons) on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Energy Cost Calculator for Commercial Heat Pumps (5.4 >=< 20 Tons) on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Energy Cost Calculator for Commercial Heat Pumps (5.4 >=< 20 Tons) on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: Energy

484

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: Cool Roof Calculator  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cool Roof Calculator Cool Roof Calculator Cool Roof Calculator logo. Many reflective roof coatings and membranes are now available for low-slope roofs. These coatings help to reduce summer air-conditioning loads, but can also increase the winter heating load. The Cool Roof Calculator will estimate both how much energy you'll save in the summer and how much extra energy you'll need in the winter. Cool Roof Calculator provides answers on a 'per square foot' basis, so you can then multiply by the area of your roof to find out your net savings each year. Keywords reflective roof, roofing membrane, low-slope roof Validation/Testing The Radiation Control Fact Sheet describes both the analytical and experimental results that went into the calculator's development. Expertise Required

485

Federal Energy Management Program: Energy Cost Calculator for Compact  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Compact Fluorescent Lamps to someone by E-mail Compact Fluorescent Lamps to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Energy Cost Calculator for Compact Fluorescent Lamps on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Energy Cost Calculator for Compact Fluorescent Lamps on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Energy Cost Calculator for Compact Fluorescent Lamps on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Energy Cost Calculator for Compact Fluorescent Lamps on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Energy Cost Calculator for Compact Fluorescent Lamps on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: Energy Cost Calculator for Compact Fluorescent Lamps on AddThis.com... Energy-Efficient Products Federal Requirements Covered Product Categories

486

Home Energy Score Calculation Methodology | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Home Energy Score Calculation Methodology Home Energy Score Calculation Methodology Home Energy Score Calculation Methodology A Qualified Assessor calculates the Home Energy Score by first conducting a brief walk-through of the home and collecting approximately 40 data points. Next, the Qualified Assessor uses the Home Energy Scoring Tool to estimate the home's energy use. The Scoring Tool converts it into a Score and develops recommendations for energy improvements. All the data required to calculate the Home Energy Score is listed in the Data Collection Sheet. The calculation method holds a number of variables constant. For example, it assumes, that the thermostat is set at specific levels at various points of the year, and that homeowners use appliances in a standard way. By holding these other variables constant, the Home Energy Score allows

487

A Cosmology Calculator for the World Wide Web  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A cosmology calculator that computes times and distances as a function of redshift for user-defined cosmological parameters is available on the World Wide Web. This note gives the formulae used by the cosmology calculator and discusses some of its implementation. A version of the calculator that allows one to specify the equation of state parameter w and w' and neutrino masses, and a version for converting the light travel times usually given in the popular press into redshifts are also available.

Edward L. Wright

2006-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

488

Calculation of the Solar Load onto Occupants in a Room using Bidirectional Scattering Distribution Functions and a View Factor Approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and a given solar radiation..52 Table 3direct and diffuse solar radiation for a design day, useddirect and diffuse solar radiation for a design day, used

Jedek, Christoph

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

IGES GHG Calculator For Solid Waste | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

IGES GHG Calculator For Solid Waste IGES GHG Calculator For Solid Waste Jump to: navigation, search LEDSGP green logo.png FIND MORE DIA TOOLS This tool is part of the Development Impacts Assessment (DIA) Toolkit from the LEDS Global Partnership. Tool Summary Name: IGES GHG Calculator For Solid Waste Agency/Company /Organization: Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES) Sector: Climate, Energy Complexity/Ease of Use: Simple Cost: Free Related Tools Energy Development Index (EDI) Harmonized Emissions Analysis Tool (HEAT) Electricity Markets Analysis (EMA) Model ... further results A simple spreadsheet model for calculating greenhouse gas emissions from existing waste management practices (transportation, composting, anaerobic digestion, mechanical biological treatment, recycling, landfilling) in

490

California Biomass Collaborative Energy Cost Calculators | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

California Biomass Collaborative Energy Cost Calculators California Biomass Collaborative Energy Cost Calculators Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: California Biomass Collaborative Energy Cost Calculators Agency/Company /Organization: California Biomass Collaborative Partner: Department of Biological and Agricultural Engineering, University of California Sector: Energy Focus Area: Biomass, - Biofuels, - Landfill Gas, - Waste to Energy Phase: Evaluate Options Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Spreadsheet Website: biomass.ucdavis.edu/calculator.html Locality: California Cost: Free Provides energy cost and financial assessment tools for biomass power, bio gas, biomass combined heat and power, and landfill gas. Overview The California Biomass Collaborative provides energy cost and financial

491

Property Libraries for Working Fluids for Calculating Heat ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... properties of working fluids can be used for the daily work of an engineer who calculates heat cycles, steam or gas turbines, boilers, heat pumps or ...

2006-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

492

Atomic Reference Data for Electronic Structure Calculations - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feb 7, 2007 ... For this resource, data have been generated for atomic electronic structure calculations, to provide a standard reference for results of specified...

493

Appendix I. Using PANDAT to Calculate Phase Diagrams  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

After installing the software PANDAT in a personal computer (PC) and loading a thermodynamic database of interest, we can start to calculate phase diagrams.

494

CFD Calculation of Nitrogen Gas Quenching for Steel Ring Gears  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study, we present CFD calculations of gas quenching process during the ... Exercise on Thermal and Thermosolutal Natural Convection in Liquid Alloys.

495

A Look Inside the Cash Flow Opportunity Calculator FINAL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cash Flow Opportunity (CFO) Calculator was developed to address the "we don't have the money" objection that many organizations face when trying to implement energy efficiency...

496

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: Czech National Calculation...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to the energy demands); the calculation of the energy required by the energy systems (boilers, AHU units, DHW systems, lighting, etc.) needed to provide the necessary heating or...

497

First Principles Calculations of Uranium and Uranium-Zirconium Alloys  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, First Principles Calculations of Uranium and Uranium- Zirconium Alloys. Author(s), Benjamin Good, Benjamin Beeler, Chaitanya Deo, Sergey...

498

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: Raymaps Solar Calculator  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

energy requirement of a household and based upon that calculates the number of solar panels and batteries required by the solar system. The application contains the default...

499

Heating Fuel Comparision Calculator - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

HEAT CONTENT PRICES INSTRUCTIONS CALCULATOR Fuel Heat Content Per Unit (Btu) Fuel Type Electricity Propane Kerosene Gallon Cord Ton AFUE Natural Gas COP Geothermal ...

500

Handbook on Material and Energy Balance Calculations in ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

12/31/2012 - Handbook on Material and Energy Balance Calculations in Materials Processing, Third Edition (2011), by Arthur E. Morris, Gordon H. Geiger, and...