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1

Steven Weinberg, Weak Interactions, and Electromagnetic Interactions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Steven Weinberg and Steven Weinberg and Weak and Electromagnetic Interactions Resources with Additional Information Steven Weinberg Courtesy Dr. Steven Weinberg Steven "Weinberg is a professor of physics and astronomy at UT [The University of Texas] Austin and is founding director of the Theory Group in the College of Natural Sciences. [He is] well known for his development of a field theory that unifies the electromagnetic and weak nuclear forces, and for other major contributions to physics and cosmology ... Weinberg's work has been honored with numerous prizes, including the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1979 and the National Medal of Science in 1991. Weinberg is the author of the prize-winning book The First Three Minutes: A Modern View of the Origin of the Universe (which has been translated into 22 foreign languages) as well as Gravitation and Cosmology, The Discovery of Subatomic Particles, Dreams of a Final Theory and The Quantum Theory of Fields. ... Weinberg was the recipient of the Scientist as Poet prize from Rockefeller University for "extraordinary achievements in conveying - with passionate clarity - the ideas, history, explanatory power and aesthetic dimensions of fundamental physics." The citation mentioned two of Weinberg's books.

2

22.105 Electromagnetic Interactions, Fall 1998  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Principles and applications of electromagnetism, starting from Maxwell's equations, with emphasis on phenomena important to nuclear engineering and radiation sciences. Solution methods for electrostatic and magnetostatic ...

Hutchinson, I. H. (Ian H.)

3

Dispersion relation of electromagnetic ion cyclotron waves using Cluster observations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Multi-point wave observations on Cluster spacecraft are used to infer the dispersion relation of electromagnetic ion cyclotron (EMIC) waves. In this study we use a phase differencing method and observations from STAFF and ...

Pakhotin, I. P.

4

Nonequilibrium Electromagnetic Fluctuations: Heat Transfer and Interactions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Casimir force between arbitrary objects in equilibrium is related to scattering from individual bodies. We extend this approach to heat transfer and Casimir forces in nonequilibrium cases where each body, and the ...

Kruger, Matthias

5

Nonequilibrium Electromagnetic Fluctuations: Heat Transfer and Interactions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Casimir force between arbitrary objects in equilibrium is related to scattering from individual bodies. We extend this approach to heat transfer and Casimir forces in nonequilibrium cases where each body, and the environment, is at a different temperature. The formalism tracks the radiation from each body and its scatterings by the other objects. We discuss the radiation from a cylinder, emphasizing its polarized nature, and obtain the heat transfer between a sphere and a plate, demonstrating the validity of proximity transfer approximation at close separations and arbitrary temperatures.

Krueger, Matthias; Kardar, Mehran [Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Physics, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States); Emig, Thorsten [Laboratoire de Physique Theorique et Modeles Statistiques, CNRS UMR 8626, Ba circumflex timent 100, Universite Paris-Sud, 91405 Orsay cedex (France)

2011-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

6

Sandia National Laboratories: Electromagnetics: Main Page  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Brochure Adobe Logo Related Links Pulsed Power ELECTROMAGNETIC TECHNOLOGY AT SANDIA NATIONAL LABORATORIES Electromagnetics (EM) is the study of the nature and interaction of...

7

Interaction of High Intensity Electromagnetic Waves with Plasmas  

SciTech Connect

The focus of our work during the duration of this grant was on the following areas: (a) the fundamental plasma physics of intense laser-plasma interactions, including the nonlinear excitation of plasma waves for accelerator applications, as well as the recently discovered by us phenomenon of the relativistic bi-stability of relativistic plasma waves driven by a laser beatwave; (b) interaction of high power microwave beams with magnetized plasma, including some of the recently discovered by us phenomena such as the Undulator Induced Transparency (UIT) as well as the new approaches to dynamic manipulation of microwave pulses; (c) investigations of the multi-color laser pulse interactions in the plasma, including the recently discovered by us phenomenon of Electromagnetic Cascading (EC) and the effect of the EC of three-dimensional dynamics of laser pulses (enhanced/suppressed selffocusing etc.); (d) interaction of high-current electron beams with the ambient plasma in the context of Fast Ignitor (FI) physics, with the emphasis on the nonlinear dynamics of the Weibel instability and beam filamentation.

G. Shvets

2008-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

8

Electromagnetic field of the large power cables and interaction with the human body  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this work we survey our research on domain decomposition and related algorithms for large power electric cables and the impact on the human health. The equations that describe the behaviour of the fields in electromagnetic devices are coupled because ... Keywords: bioheat equation, coupled fields, electrical cables, finite element method

Daniela Cârstea

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Non-equilibrium electromagnetic fluctuations: Heat transfer and interactions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Casimir force between arbitrary objects in equilibrium is related to scattering from individual bodies. We extend this approach to heat transfer and Casimir forces in non-equilibrium cases where each body, and the environment, is at a different temperature. The formalism tracks the radiation from each body and its scatterings by the other objects. We discuss the radiation from a cylinder, emphasizing its polarized nature, and obtain the heat transfer between a sphere and a plate, demonstrating the validity of proximity transfer approximation at close separations and arbitrary temperatures.

Matthias Krüger; Thorsten Emig; Mehran Kardar

2011-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

10

The influence of an electromagnetic field on the wave-current interaction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the propagation of surface waves on a current in the presence of an electromagnetic field. A horizontal (vertical) field strengthens (weakens) the counter-current which blocks the waves. We compute the phase space diagrams (blocking velocities versus period of the waves) with and without surface tension. Three new dimensionless numbers are introduced to compare the relative strengths of gravity, surface tension and field effects. This work shows the importance of an electromagnetic field in order to design wave-breakers or in microfluidics applications.

Germain Rousseaux; Philippe Maïssa

2010-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

11

Electromagnetic mass-models in general relativity reexamined  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The problem of constructing a model of an extended charged particle within the context of general relativity has a long and distinguished history. The distinctive feature of these models is that, in some way or another, they require the presence of negative mass in order to maintain stability against Coulomb's repulsion. Typically, the particle contains a core of $negative$ mass surrounded by a positive-mass outer layer, which emerges from the Reissner-Nordstr\\"{o}m field. In this work we show how the Einstein-Maxwell field equations can be used to construct an extended model where the mass is positive everywhere. This requires the principal pressures to be unequal inside the particle. The model is obtained by setting the "effective" matter density, rather than the rest matter density, equal to zero. The Schwarzschild mass of the particle arises from the electrical and gravitational field (Weyl tensor) energy. The model satisfies the energy conditions of Hawking and Ellis. A particular solution that illustrates the results is presented.

J. Ponce de Leon

2003-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

12

Instabilities and generation of a quasistationary magnetic field by the interaction of relativistically intense electromagnetic wave with a plasma  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is shown that the interaction of the superstrong laser radiation with an isotropic plasma leads to the generation of low frequency electromagnetic (EM) waves and in particular a quasistationary magnetic field. When the relativistic circularly polarized transverse EM wave propagates along z-axis, it creates a ponderomotive force, which affects the motion of particles along the direction of its propagation. On the other hand, motion of the particles across the direction of propagation is defined by the ponderomotive potential. The dispersion relation for the transverse EM wave using a special distribution function, which has an anisotropic form, is derived. The dispersion relation is subsequently investigated for a number of special cases. In general, it is shown that the growth rate of the EM wave strongly depends upon its intensity.

Gillani, S. S. A.; Shah, H. A. [Department of Physics, Government College University, Lahore 54000 (Pakistan); Tsintsadze, N. L. [Department of Physics, Government College University, Lahore 54000 (Pakistan); Salam Chair in Physics, Government College University, Lahore 54000 (Pakistan); Institute of Physics, Tbilisi 380077 (Georgia); Razzaq, M. [Department of Physics, Government College University, Lahore 54000 (Pakistan); Salam Chair in Physics, Government College University, Lahore 54000 (Pakistan)

2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

13

Interaction of extremely-low-frequency electromagnetic fields with living systems  

SciTech Connect

The sources and physical properties of extremely-low-frequency (ELF) electromagnetic fields are described in this paper. Biological effects and mechanisms through which ELF fields interact with humans and other organisms are discussed, including several aspects of this subject that are presently under active laboratory investigation. Studies on the potential health effects of ELF fields present in the home and workplace are also summarized, including a critical evaluation of evidence for a possible linkage between exposure to ELF fields and cancer risk. 53 refs.

Tenforde, T.S.

1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

ELECTROMAGNETIC PUMP  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This patent reiates to electromagnetic pumps for electricity-conducting fluids and, in particular, describes several modifications for a linear conduction type electromagnetic interaction pump. The invention resides in passing the return conductor for the current traversing the fiuid in the duct back through the gap in the iron circuit of the pump. Both the maximum allowable pressure and the efficiency of a linear conduction electromagnetic pump are increased by incorporation of the present invention.

Pulley, O.O.

1954-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

15

Relative localization of point particle interactions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We review the main concepts of the recently introduced principle of relative locality and investigate some aspects of classical interactions between point particles from this new perspective. We start with a physical motivation and basic mathematical description of relative locality and review the treatment of a system of classical point particles in this framework. We then examine one of the unsolved problems of this picture, the apparent ambiguities in the definition of momentum constraints caused by a non-commutative and/or non-associative momentum addition rule. The gamma ray burst experiment is used as an illustration. Finally, we use the formalism of relative locality to reinterpret the well-known multiple point particle system coupled to 2+1 Einstein gravity, analyzing the geometry of its phase space and once again referring to the gamma ray burst problem as an example.

José Ricardo Oliveira

2011-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

16

Plasma parameters and electromagnetic forces induced by the magneto hydro dynamic interaction in a hypersonic argon flow experiment  

SciTech Connect

This work proposes an experimental analysis on the magneto hydro dynamic (MHD) interaction induced by a magnetic test body immersed into a hypersonic argon flow. The characteristic plasma parameters are measured. They are related to the voltages arising in the Hall direction and to the variation of the fluid dynamic properties induced by the interaction. The tests have been performed in a hypersonic wind tunnel at Mach 6 and Mach 15. The plasma parameters are measured in the stagnation region in front of the nozzle of the wind tunnel and in the free stream region at the nozzle exit. The test body has a conical shape with the cone axis in the gas flow direction and the cone vertex against the flow. It is placed at the nozzle exit and is equipped with three permanent magnets. In the configuration adopted, the Faraday current flows in a closed loop completely immersed into the plasma of the shock layer. The electric field and the pressure variation due to MHD interaction have been measured on the test body walls. Microwave adsorption measurements have been used for the determination of the electron number density and the electron collision frequency. Continuum recombination radiation and line radiation emissions have been detected. The electron temperature has been determined by means of the spectroscopic data by using different methods. The electron number density has been also determined by means of the Stark broadening of H{sub {alpha}} and the H{sub {beta}} lines. Optical imaging has been utilized to visualize the pattern of the electric current distribution in the shock layer around the test body. The experiments show a considerable effect of the electromagnetic forces produced by the MHD interaction acting on the plasma flow around the test body. A comparison of the experimental data with simulation results shows a good agreement.

Cristofolini, Andrea; Neretti, Gabriele; Borghi, Carlo A. [Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Bologna, Viale Risorgimento 2, 40136 Bologna (Italy)

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Dyadic Green Function for an Electromagnetic Medium Inspired by General Relativity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The dyadic Green function for a homogeneous electromagnetic medium inspired by the spatiotemporally nonhomogeneous constitutive equations of gravitationally affected vacuum is derived.

Akhlesh Lakhtakia; Tom G. Mackay

2005-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

18

Electromagnetic radiation, motion of a particle and energy-mass relation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Equation of motion of an uncharged arbitrarily shaped dust particle under the effects of (stellar) electromagnetic radiation and thermal emission is derived. The resulting relativistically covariant equation of motion is expressed in terms of standard optical parameters. Relations between energy and mass of the incoming and outgoing radiation are obtained, together with relations between radiation energy and mass of the particle. The role of the diffraction nicely fits the relativistic formulation of the momentum of the outgoing radiation. The inequality 0 radiation pressure, integrated over stellar spectrum). The condition for the P-R effect is $\\vec{p}'_{o}$ = (1 - $\\bar{Q}'_{pr, 1} / \\bar{Q}'_{ext}$) $\\vec{p}'_{i}$, where $\\vec{p}'_{i}$ and $\\vec{p}'_{o}$ are incoming and outgoing radiation momenta (per unit time) measured in the proper frame of reference of the particle. The case of "perfectly absorbing spherical dust particle", within geometrical optics approximation, corresponds to the condition $\\vec{p}'_{o}$ = 0.5 $\\vec{p}'_{i}$. As for arbitrarily shaped dust particle, the condition 0 radiation pressure components. The condition can add a new information to the results obtained from observations, measurements and numerical calculations of the optical properties of the particle.

J. Klacka

2008-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

19

Recommended electromagnetic operating envelopes for safety-related I and C systems in nuclear power plants: Draft report for comment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This document presents recommendations for electromagnetic operating envelopes to augment test criteria and test methods addressing electromagnetic interference (EMI), radio-frequency interference (RFI), and power surges that are applicable to safety-related instrumentation and control (I and C) systems in nuclear power plants. The Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) was engaged by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research to assist in developing the technical basis for regulatory guidance on EMI/RFI immunity and power surge withstand capability (SWC). Previous research has provided recommendations on electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) design and installation practices, endorsement of EMI/RFI immunity and SWC test criteria and test methods, and determination of ambient electromagnetic conditions at nuclear power plants. The present research involves development of recommended electromagnetic envelopes that are applicable to nuclear power plant locations where safety-related I and C systems either are or may be installed. These recommended envelopes establish both emissions criteria and the levels of radiated and conducted interference that I and C systems should be able to withstand without upset or malfunction. The EMI/RFI operating envelopes are derived from conditions in comparable military environments and are confirmed by comparison with the nuclear power plant electromagnetic environment based on measured plant emissions profiles. Detailed information on specific power surge conditions in nuclear power plants is not available, so industrial guidance on representative surge characteristics for susceptibility testing is adopted. An engineering assessment of the power surge environment in nuclear power plants leads to the recommendation of operating envelopes based on location categories and exposure levels defined in IEEE Std C62.41-1991, IEEE Recommended Practice on Surge Voltages in Low-Voltage AC Power Circuits.

Ewing, P.D.; Wood, R.T. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

The electromagnetic "memory" of a dc-conducting resistor: a relativity argument and the electrical circuits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A circuit-field problem is considered. A resistor conducting a constant current is argued to be associated with electromagnetic energy accumulated in the surrounded space, though contrary to the case of an inductor or a capacitor, this energy is always associated with both magnetic and electrical fields. The circuit-theory point of view saying that a resistor has no electromagnetic memory is accepted, but the necessarily involved (in view of the field argument) capacitance and inductiveness are argued then also not be associated with any memory. The mutually completing circuit and physical arguments are presented as a dialog between a physicist and an electrical engineer. How can you call "parasitic" the elements that represent the fields due to which your resistor at all receives the energy?! -- asks the physicist finally.

Emanuel Gluskin

2010-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interactive electromagnetic relations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Magnetohydrodynamic electromagnetic pulse (MHD-EMP) interaction with power transmission and distribution systems  

SciTech Connect

This report discusses the effects of the late-time high-altitude electromagnetic pulse (HEMP) on electrical transmission and distribution (T D) systems. This environment, known as the magnetohydrodynamic electromagnetic pulse (MHD-EMP), is a very slowly varying electric field induced in the earth's surface, similar to the field induced by a geomagnetic storm. It can result in the flow of a quasi-dc current in grounded power lines and in the subsequent magnetic saturation of transformers. This saturation, in turn, causes 6-Hz harmonic distortion and an increase in the reactive power required by generation facilities. This report analyzes and discusses these phenomena. The MHD-EMP environment is briefly discussed, and a simplified form of the earth-induced electric field is developed for use in a parametric study of transmission line responses. Various field coupling models are described, and calculated results for the responses of both transmission- and distribution-class power lines are presented. These calculated responses are compared with measurements of transformer operation under dc excitation to infer the MHD-EMP response of these power system components. It is found that the MHD-EMP environment would have a marked effect on a power system by inducing up to several hundreds of amperes of quasi-dc current on power lines. These currents will cause transformers to saturate which could result in excessive harmonic generation, voltage swings, and voltage suppression. The design of critical facilities which are required to operate during and after MHD-EMP events will have to be modified in order to mitigate the effects of these abnormal power system conditions.

Tesche, F.M. (Tesche (F.M.), Dallas, TX (United States)) [Tesche (F.M.), Dallas, TX (United States); Barnes, P.R. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)) [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Meliopoulos, A.P.S. (Georgia Inst. of Tech., Atlanta, GA (United States). Dept. of Electrical Engineering) [Georgia Inst. of Tech., Atlanta, GA (United States). Dept. of Electrical Engineering

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Magnetohydrodynamic electromagnetic pulse (MHD-EMP) interaction with power transmission and distribution systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report discusses the effects of the late-time high-altitude electromagnetic pulse (HEMP) on electrical transmission and distribution (T&D) systems. This environment, known as the magnetohydrodynamic electromagnetic pulse (MHD-EMP), is a very slowly varying electric field induced in the earth`s surface, similar to the field induced by a geomagnetic storm. It can result in the flow of a quasi-dc current in grounded power lines and in the subsequent magnetic saturation of transformers. This saturation, in turn, causes 6-Hz harmonic distortion and an increase in the reactive power required by generation facilities. This report analyzes and discusses these phenomena. The MHD-EMP environment is briefly discussed, and a simplified form of the earth-induced electric field is developed for use in a parametric study of transmission line responses. Various field coupling models are described, and calculated results for the responses of both transmission- and distribution-class power lines are presented. These calculated responses are compared with measurements of transformer operation under dc excitation to infer the MHD-EMP response of these power system components. It is found that the MHD-EMP environment would have a marked effect on a power system by inducing up to several hundreds of amperes of quasi-dc current on power lines. These currents will cause transformers to saturate which could result in excessive harmonic generation, voltage swings, and voltage suppression. The design of critical facilities which are required to operate during and after MHD-EMP events will have to be modified in order to mitigate the effects of these abnormal power system conditions.

Tesche, F.M. [Tesche (F.M.), Dallas, TX (United States); Barnes, P.R. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Meliopoulos, A.P.S. [Georgia Inst. of Tech., Atlanta, GA (United States). Dept. of Electrical Engineering

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Interaction of EMS related systems by using the CIM standard  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Interaction of EMS related systems by using the CIM standard Mathias Uslar, Tanja Schmedes1 OFFIS Model (CIM) establishes a common language and domain model for energy management systems and related to connect the systems to a an integration platform using the CIM as a common language. This paper

Appelrath, Hans-Jürgen

24

More about the hypothesis of a new weak interaction of electromagnetic field in the hidden sector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

New hypothetical field equations (Eqs. (1) and (2)) are further discussed, unifying Maxwell's equations of the Standard Model (after the electroweak symmetry is spontaneously broken) with the dynamics of hidden sector (expected to be responsible for the cold dark matter). The hidden sector is represented by sterile spin-1/2 Dirac fermions ("sterinos") and sterile spin-0 bosons ("sterons") whose masses are spontaneously generated by a nonzero vacuum expectation value of the steron field, while sterino and steron interactions are mediated by sterile spin-1 quanta of an antisymmetric-tensor field with a large mass scale ("A bosons"). These interactions are presumed to be weak, but stronger than the universal gravity. Beside sterinos and sterons, the Standard-Model photons are included into the source of sterile A bosons and so, they become a link between the hidden and Standard-Model sectors ("photonic portal" to the hidden sector). The relativistic structure of antisymmetric-tensor field of sterile A bosons can be split into a vector and an axial three-dimensional fields (of spin 1 and parities - and +) in such a way that the Standard-Model electric and magnetic fields become involved separately in the sources of these two kinds of sterile A-boson radiation, respectively.

Wojciech Krolikowski

2009-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

25

Definition: Ground Electromagnetic Techniques | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Ground Electromagnetic Techniques Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Ground Electromagnetic Techniques Ground electromagnetic techniques measure electromagnetic fields in order to determine subsurface electrical resistivity with the earth surface as the observation point.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition The electromagnetic force is one of the four fundamental interactions in nature, the other three being the strong interaction, the weak interaction, and gravitation. This force is described by electromagnetic fields, and has innumerable physical instances including the interaction of electrically charged particles and the interaction of uncharged magnetic force fields with electrical conductors. The word

26

Electromagnetic Leptogenesis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a new leptogenesis scenario, where the lepton asymmetry is generated by CP violating decays of heavy electroweak singlet neutrinos via electromagnetic dipole moment couplings to the ordinary light neutrinos. Akin to the usual scenario where the decays are mediated through Yukawa interactions, we have shown, by explicit calculations, that the desired asymmetry can be produced through the interference of the corresponding tree-level and one-loop decay amplitudes involving the effective dipole moment operators. We also find that the relationship of the leptogenesis scale to the light neutrino masses is similar to that for the standard Yukawa-mediated mechanism.

Bell, Nicole F; Law, Sandy S C

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Electromagnetic Leptogenesis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a new leptogenesis scenario, where the lepton asymmetry is generated by CP violating decays of heavy electroweak singlet neutrinos via electromagnetic dipole moment couplings to the ordinary light neutrinos. Akin to the usual scenario where the decays are mediated through Yukawa interactions, we have shown, by explicit calculations, that the desired asymmetry can be produced through the interference of the corresponding tree-level and one-loop decay amplitudes involving the effective dipole moment operators. We also find that the relationship of the leptogenesis scale to the light neutrino masses is similar to that for the standard Yukawa-mediated mechanism.

Nicole F. Bell; Boris J. Kayser; Sandy S. C. Law

2008-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

28

Electromagnetic Compatibility & Telecommunications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Directory of Accredited Laboratories. Electromagnetic Compatibility & Telecommunications. The Electromagnetic Compatability ...

2013-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

29

Midcontinent Interactive Digital Carbon Atlas and Relational Database (MIDCARB)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

MIDCONTINENT INTERACTIVE DIGITAL CARBON ATLAS AND MIDCONTINENT INTERACTIVE DIGITAL CARBON ATLAS AND RELATIONAL DATABASE (MIDCARB) Timothy R., Carr (tcarr@kgs.ukans.edu; 785-864-2135) Scott W. White (whites@kgs.ukans.edu; 785-864-2135) Kansas Geological Survey, University of Kansas Lawrence, KS 66047-3726 Lawrence H. Wickstrom (larry.wickstrom@dnr.state.oh.us; 614-265-6598) Ohio Department of Natural Resources, Division of Geological Survey, Columbus, OH 43224-1362 James A., Drahovzal (drahovzal@kgs.mm.uky.edu; 859-257-5500) Kentucky Geological Survey, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506-0107 Beverly Seyler (seyler@isgs.uiuc.edu; 217-244-2389) Illinois State Geological Survey, Champaign, IL 61820 John, A. Rupp (rupp@indiana.edu; 812-855-1323) Indiana Geological Survey, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47405-2208

30

Self-organization of large-scale ULF electromagnetic wave structures in their interaction with nonuniform zonal winds in the ionospheric E region  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A study is made of the generation and subsequent linear and nonlinear evolution of ultralow-frequency planetary electromagnetic waves in the E region of a dissipative ionosphere in the presence of a nonuniform zonal wind (a sheared flow). Hall currents flowing in the E region and such permanent global factors as the spatial nonuniformity of the geomagnetic field and of the normal component of the Earth's angular velocity give rise to fast and slow planetary-scale electromagnetic waves. The efficiency of the linear amplification of planetary electromagnetic waves in their interaction with a nonuniform zonal wind is analyzed. When there are sheared flows, the operators of linear problems are non-self-conjugate and the corresponding eigenfunctions are nonorthogonal, so the canonical modal approach is poorly suited for studying such motions and it is necessary to utilize the so-called nonmodal mathematical analysis. It is shown that, in the linear evolutionary stage, planetary electromagnetic waves efficiently extract energy from the sheared flow, thereby substantially increasing their amplitude and, accordingly, energy. The criterion for instability of a sheared flow in an ionospheric medium is derived. As the shear instability develops and the perturbation amplitude grows, a nonlinear self-localization mechanism comes into play and the process ends with the self-organization of nonlinear, highly localized, solitary vortex structures. The system thus acquires a new degree of freedom, thereby providing a new way for the perturbation to evolve in a medium with a sheared flow. Depending on the shape of the sheared flow velocity profile, nonlinear structures can be either purely monopole vortices or vortex streets against the background of the zonal wind. The accumulation of such vortices can lead to a strongly turbulent state in an ionospheric medium.

Aburjania, G. D. [Tbilisi State University, I. Vekua Institute of Applied Mathematics (Georgia); Chargazia, Kh. Z. [Nodia Institute of Geophysics (Georgia)

2011-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

31

The ??? Amplitude in an External Homogeneous Electromagnetic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Neutrino-photon interactions in the presence of an external homogeneous constant electromagnetic field are studied. The ??? amplitude is calculated in an electromagnetic field of the general type, when the two field invariants are nonzero.

R. Shaisultanov

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Definition: Electromagnetic Techniques | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Electromagnetic Techniques Electromagnetic Techniques The objective of electromagnetic (EM) techniques is to image the electrical resistivity structure of the subsurface through the measurement of naturally- or artificially-generated electromagnetic fields.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition The electromagnetic force is one of the four fundamental interactions in nature, the other three being the strong interaction, the weak interaction, and gravitation. This force is described by electromagnetic fields, and has innumerable physical instances including the interaction of electrically charged particles and the interaction of uncharged magnetic force fields with electrical conductors. The word electromagnetism is a compound form of two Greek terms, ἢλεκτρον, ēlektron, "amber", and μαγνήτης, magnētēs, "magnet". The science

33

Midcontinent Interactive Digital Carbon Atlas and Relational Database (MIDCARB)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This annual report describes progress of the project entitled ''Midcontinent Interactive Digital Carbon Atlas and Relational Database (MIDCARB)''. This project, funded by the Department of Energy, is a cooperative project that assembles a consortium of five states (Indiana, Illinois, Kansas, Kentucky and Ohio) to construct an online distributed Relational Database Management System (RDBMS) and Geographic Information System (GIS) covering aspects of carbon dioxide geologic sequestration (http://www.midcarb.org). The system links the five states in the consortium into a coordinated regional database system consisting of datasets useful to industry, regulators and the public. The project is working to provide advanced distributed computing solutions to link database servers across the five states into a single system where data is maintained at the local level but is accessed through a single Web portal and can be queried, assembled, analyzed and displayed. Each individual state has strengths in data gathering, data manipulation and data display, including GIS mapping, custom application development, web development, and database design. Sharing of expertise provides the critical mass of technical expertise to improve CO{sub 2} databases and data access in all states. This project improves the flow of data across servers in the five states and increases the amount and quality of available digital data. The MIDCARB project is developing improved online tools to provide real-time display and analyze CO{sub 2} sequestration data. The system links together data from sources, sinks and transportation within a spatial database that can be queried online. Visualization of high quality and current data can assist decision makers by providing access to common sets of high quality data in a consistent manner.

Timothy R. Carr; Scott W. White

2002-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

MIDCONTINENT INTERACTIVE DIGITAL CARBON ATLAS AND RELATIONAL DATABASE (MIDCARB)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This annual report describes progress in the second year of the three-year project entitled ''Midcontinent Interactive Digital Carbon Atlas and Relational Database (MIDCARB)''. This project, funded by the Department of Energy, is a cooperative project that assembles a consortium of five states (Indiana, Illinois, Kansas, Kentucky and Ohio) to construct an online distributed Relational Database Management System (RDBMS) and Geographic Information System (GIS) covering aspects of carbon dioxide geologic sequestration (http://www.midcarb.org). The system links the five states in the consortium into a coordinated regional database system consisting of datasets useful to industry, regulators and the public. The project is providing advanced distributed computing solutions to link database servers across the five states into a single system where data is maintained at the local level but is accessed through a single Web portal and can be queried, assembled, analyzed and displayed. Each individual state has strengths in data gathering, data manipulation and data display, including GIS mapping, custom application development, web development, and database design. Sharing of expertise provides the critical mass of technical expertise to improve CO{sub 2} databases and data access in all states. This project improves the flow of data across servers in the five states and increases the amount and quality of available digital data. Data is being assembled to analyze CO{sub 2} sequestration potential from a single object (e.g., power plant or well) to a region and across geographic boundaries. The MIDCARB system is robust and capable of being updated from multiple sources on a daily basis. The MIDCARB project has developed improved online tools to provide real-time display and analysis of CO{sub 2} sequestration data. The MIDCARB project is a functional template for distributed data systems to address CO{sub 2} sequestration and other natural resource issues that cross the boundaries between institutions and geographic areas. The system links together data from sources, sinks and transportation within a spatial database that can be queried online. Visualization of high quality and current data can assist decision makers by providing access to common sets of high quality data in a consistent manner.

Timothy R. Carr; Scott W. White

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

The dispersion relation and excitation of transverse magnetic mode electromagnetic waves in rippled-wall waveguide with a plasma rod and an annular dielectric  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

By using the linear field theory, the dispersion relation of electromagnetic waves in a rippled-wall waveguide with a plasma rod and an annular dielectric is obtained. In addition, by injecting a finite thick annular intense relativistic electron beam in this waveguide, the excitation of these waves is investigated. Furthermore, the effects of the radius of the plasma rod, the radius of the dielectric, the corrugation amplitude, and period on the frequency spectrum are investigated. Besides, the time growth rate of excitation of these waves by an annular relativistic electron beam is studied. Finally, to demonstrate the advantages of this rippled-wall waveguide, the dispersion relation and the growth rate of three simplified cases are investigated.

Nejati, M. [Physics Department, Shahid Beheshti University, G. C. Evin, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Shokri, B. [Physics Department and Laser-Plasma Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University, G. C. Evin, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2012-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

36

Nucleon-Nucleon Spin Dependent Scattering Amplitudes to Describe Final State Interactions in Electromagnetic and Electroweak Nuclear Processes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There are currently no models readily available that provide nucleon-nucleon spin dependent scattering amplitudes at high energies ($s \\geq 6$ GeV$^2$). This work aims to provide a model for calculating these high-energy scattering amplitudes. The foundation of the model is Regge theory since it allows for a relativistic description and full spin dependence. A parameterization of the amplitudes is presented, and comparisons of the solution to the assembled data set are shown. In addition, an application of the model to describe final state interactions in deuteron electrodisintegration is presented. Overall the model works as intended, and provides an adequate description of the nucleon-nucleon interaction at these energies.

William P. Ford

2013-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

37

On kinetic description of electromagnetic processes in a quantum plasma  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A nonlinear kinetic equation for nonrelativistic quantum plasma with electromagnetic interaction of particles is obtained in the Hartree's mean-field approximation. It is cast in a convenient form of Vlasov-Boltzmann-type equation with "quantum interference integral", that allows for relatively straightforward modification of existing classical Vlasov codes to incorporate quantum effects (quantum statistics and quantum interference of overlapping particles wave functions), without changing the bulk of the codes. Such modification (upgrade) of existing Vlasov codes may provide a direct and effective path to numerical simulations of nonlinear electrostatic and electromagnetic phenomena in quantum plasmas, especially of processes where kinetic effects are important (e.g., modulational interactions and stimulated scattering phenomena involving plasma modes at short wavelengths or high-order kinetic modes, dynamical screening and interaction of charges in quantum plasma, etc.) Moreover, numerical approaches involv...

Tyshetskiy, Y O; Kompaneets, R

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Nonlinear fan instability of electromagnetic waves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper studies the linear and nonlinear stages of the fan instability, considering electromagnetic waves of the whistler frequency range interacting resonantly with energetic electron fluxes in magnetized plasmas. The main attention is paid to determine the wave-particle interaction processes that can lead to the excitation of intense electromagnetic waves by nonequilibrium particle distributions involving suprathermal tails, and to explain under what conditions and through what mechanisms they can occur, develop, and saturate. This paper presents and discusses two main processes: (i) the linear fan instability and (ii) the nonlinear process of dynamical resonance merging, which can significantly amplify the energy carried by linearly destabilized waves after they saturate due to particle trapping. This study consists of (i) determining analytically and numerically, for parameters typical of space and laboratory plasmas, the linear growth rates of whistlers excited by suprathermal particle fluxes through the fan instability, as well as the corresponding thresholds and the physical conditions at which the instability can appear, (ii) building a theoretical self-consistent 3D model and a related numerical code for describing the nonlinear evolution of the wave-particle system, and (iii) performing numerical simulations to reveal and characterize the nonlinear amplification process at work, its conditions of development, and its consequences, notably in terms of electromagnetic wave radiation. The simulations show that when the waves have reached sufficient energy levels owing to the linear fan instability, they saturate by trapping particles and due to the complex dynamics of these particles in the electromagnetic fields, the resonant velocities' domains of the waves overlap and merge, meanwhile a strong increase of the wave energy occurs.

Krafft, C. [Laboratoire de Physique des Plasmas, Ecole Polytechnique, 91128 Palaiseau Cedex (France) and University Paris Sud, 91405 Orsay Cedex (France); Volokitin, A. [Space Research Institute (IKI), 117997, 84/32 Profsoyuznaya Str., Moscow (Russian Federation)

2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

39

Safety/safeguards interactions during safety-related emergencies at Nuclear Power Reactor Facilities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report contains an analysis of the safety/safeguards interactions that could occur during safety-related emergencies at licensed nuclear power reactors, and the extent to which these interactions are addressed in existing or proposed NRC guidance. The safety/safeguards interaction during a series of postulated emergencies was systematically examined to identify any potential performance deficiencies or conflicts between the Operations (safety) and Security (safeguards) organizations. This examination included the impacts of coordination with off-site emergency response personnel. Duties, responsibilities, optimal methods, and procedural actions inherent in these interactions were explored.

Moul, D.A.; Pilgrim, M.K.; Schweizer, R.L.; McEwen, J.E. Jr.

1985-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Multipole radiation in a collisonless gas coupled to electromagnetism or scalar gravitation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the relativistic Vlasov-Maxwell and Vlasov-Nordstr\\"om systems which describe large particle ensembles interacting by either electromagnetic fields or a relativistic scalar gravity model. For both systems we derive a radiation formula analogous to the Einstein quadrupole formula in general relativity.

Sebastian Bauer; Markus Kunze; Gerhard Rein; Alan D. Rendall

2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interactive electromagnetic relations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Electromagnetic radiation from lightning return strokes to tall structures.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The study of the interaction of lightning electromagnetic fields with electrical systems and the design of appropriate protection strategies are generally based on statistical distributions… (more)

Pavanello, Davide

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

NVLAP Electromagnetic Compatibility & Telecommunications ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electromagnetic Compatibility & Telecommunications LAP. Welcome. This site has been established for new applicants ...

2013-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

43

Nonlocal theory of electromagnetic wave decay into two electromagnetic waves in a rippled density plasma channel  

SciTech Connect

Parametric decay of a large amplitude electromagnetic wave into two electromagnetic modes in a rippled density plasma channel is investigated. The channel is taken to possess step density profile besides a density ripple of axial wave vector. The density ripple accounts for the momentum mismatch between the interacting waves and facilitates nonlinear coupling. For a given pump wave frequency, the requisite ripple wave number varies only a little w.r.t. the frequency of the low frequency decay wave. The radial localization of electromagnetic wave reduces the growth rate of the parametric instability. The growth rate decreases with the frequency of low frequency electromagnetic wave.

Sati, Priti; Tripathi, V. K. [Indian Institute of Technology, Hauz Khas, Delhi 110054 (India)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

44

Structure-Soil-Structure Interaction Effects: Seismic Analysis of Safety-Related Collocated Structures  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

STRUCTURE-SOIL- STRUCTURE-SOIL- STRUCTURE INTERACTION AT SRS Structural Mechanics - SRS October 25, 2011 1 Objective Determination of Structure Soil Structure Interaction (SSSI) effects, if any between large and more massive Process Building (PB) and Exhaust Fan Building (EFB). Results of the SSSI analysis were compared with those from Soil Structure Interaction (SSI) analysis of the individual buildings, for the following parameters: * In-structure floor response spectra (ISRS) * Transfer functions * Relative displacements for EFB and PB * In-plane- shear from SASSI at EFB wall 2 Building Description 3 The Process Building is a massive reinforced concrete structure supported approximately 40 feet below the finished grade. The PB approximate foundation dimensions are approximately

45

Ground state spin 0$^+$ dominance of many-body systems with random interactions and related topics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this talk we shall show our recent results in understanding the spin$^{\\rm parity}$ 0$^+$ ground state (0 g.s.) dominance of many-body systems. We propose a simple approach to predict the spin $I$ g.s. probabilities which does not require the diagonalization of a Hamiltonian with random interactions. Some findings related to the 0 g.s. dominance will also be discussed.

A. Arima; N. Yoshinaga; Y. M. Zhao

2004-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

46

Investigation of electromagnetic welding  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose several methodologies to study and optimize the electromagnetic process for Electromagnetic Forming (EMF) and Welding (EMW), thereby lowering the necessary process energy up to a factor of three and lengthening ...

Pressl, Daniel G. (Daniel Gerd)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Dangerous electromagnetic fields?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Dangerous electromagnetic fields? Dangerous electromagnetic fields? Name: Tommy T Joseph Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: Why are electromagnetic fields supposedly dangerous? Replies: I assume you are asking about power line frequency (60 Hz) fields, since they have been in the news lately. No one knows for sure that they are dangerous. There have been a few studies which seem to show an association between how close homes are to power lines, and the incidence of childhood cancer (mostly leukemia) in children living (or who have lived) in those homes. Other similar studies have not found such an association. In all the studies which have found an association, none has actually measured the fields. Studies which actually have measured the fields find no association. There is no known mechanism for 60 Hz fields to cause cancer. Furthermore, the classic "dose-response relationship," that is, the greater the dose, the greater the response, does not seem to work here. Many laboratory studies have found that 60 Hz fields have an effect on organisms under certain conditions, but none of the observed effects can be convincingly related to a hazard. The bottom line is, no one knows for sure. It is important to realize that it is impossible to prove that anything is completely safe. My personal opinion is that, if there is a risk, it must be very small, or it wouldn't be so hard to prove. I can supply some good unbiased references if you are interested.

48

Power System Electromagnetic Compatibility  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The potential for man-made electromagnetic interference has existed since the construction of the first electric power system. As the use of electricity expanded during the first few decades of the twentieth century, the number of sources of electromagnetic interference, as well as the number of receptors, burgeoned. With the proliferation of sources and receptors, the engineering study of electromagnetic interference--sometimes called radio noise, electrical noise, or radio-frequency interference--becam...

2000-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

49

Tunability enhanced electromagnetic wiggler  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention discloses a wiggler used in synchrotron radiation sources and free electron lasers, where each pole is surrounded by at least two electromagnetic coils. The electromagnetic coils are energized with different amounts of current to provide a wide tunable range of the on-axis magnetic flux density, while preventing magnetic saturation of the poles. 14 figs.

Schlueter, R.D.; Deis, G.A.

1992-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

50

Electromagnetic weak turbulence theory revisited  

SciTech Connect

The statistical mechanical reformulation of weak turbulence theory for unmagnetized plasmas including fully electromagnetic effects was carried out by Yoon [Phys. Plasmas 13, 022302 (2006)]. However, the wave kinetic equation for the transverse wave ignores the nonlinear three-wave interaction that involves two transverse waves and a Langmuir wave, the incoherent analogue of the so-called Raman scattering process, which may account for the third and higher-harmonic plasma emissions. The present paper extends the previous formalism by including such a term.

Yoon, P. H. [IPST, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742 (United States); Ziebell, L. F. [Instituto de Fisica, UFRGS, Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil); Gaelzer, R.; Pavan, J. [Instituto de Fisica e Matematica, UFPel, Pelotas, RS (Brazil)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

51

Electromagnetic Composites at the Compton Scale  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new class of electromagnetic composite particles is proposed. The composites are very small (the Compton scale), potentially long-lived, would have unique interactions with atomic and nuclear systems, and, if they exist, could explain a number of otherwise anomalous and conflicting observations in diverse research areas.

Frederick J. Mayer; John R. Reitz

2011-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

52

FULL ELECTROMAGNETIC FEL SIMULATION VIA THE LORENTZ-BOOSTED FRAME TRANSFORMATION  

SciTech Connect

Numerical electromagnetic simulation of some systems containing charged particles with highly relativistic directed motion can by speeded up by orders of magnitude by choice of the proper Lorentz-boosted frame. A particularly good application for calculation in a boosted frame isthat of short wavelength free-electron lasers (FELs) where a high energy electron beam with small fractional energy spread interacts with a static magnetic undulator. In the optimal boost frame (i.e., the ponderomotive rest frame), the red-shifted FEL radiation and blue-shifted undulator field have identical wavelengths and the number of required longitudinal grid cells and time-steps for fully electromagnetic simulation (relative to the laboratory frame) decrease by factors of gamma^2 each. In theory, boosted frame EM codes permit direct study of FEL problems for which the eikonal approximation for propagation of the radiation field and wiggler-period-averaging for the particle-field interaction may be suspect. We have adapted the WARP code to apply this method to several electromagnetic FEL problems including spontaneous emission, strong exponential gain in a seeded, single pass amplifier configuration, and emission from e-beams in undulators with multiple harmonic components. WARP has a standard relativistic macroparticle mover and a fully 3-D electromagnetic field solver. We discuss our boosted frame results and compare with those obtained using the ?standard? eikonal FEL simulation approach.

Fawley, William; Vay, Jean-Luc

2010-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

53

The unification of the fundamental interaction within Maxwell electromagnetism: Model of hydrogen atom. Gravity as the secondary electric force. Calculation of the unified inertia force  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Considering two static, electrically charged, elementary particles, we demonstrate a possible way of proving that all known fundamental forces in the nature are the manifestations of the single, unique interaction. We re-define the gauging of integration constants in the Schwarzschild solution of Einstein field equations. We consider the potential energy in this context regardless it is gravitational or electric potential energy. With the newly gauged constants, we sketch how the unique interaction can be described with the help of an appropriate solution of the well-known Maxwell equations. According the solution, there are two zones, in the system of two oppositely charged particles, where the force is oscillating. The first particle can be in a stable, constant distance from the second particle, between the neighbouring regions of repulsion and attraction. In an outer oscillation zone, the corresponding energy levels in the proton-electron systems are identical (on the level of accuracy of values calculated by the Dirac's equations) to some experimentally determined levels in the hydrogen atom. For each system of two particles, there is also the zone with the macroscopic, i.e. monotonous behavior of the force. As well, the solution can be used to demonstrate that the net force between two assemblies consisting each (or at least one) of the same numbers of both positively and negatively charged particles is never zero. A secondary electric force, having the same orientation as the primary electric force between the oppositely charged particles, is always present. It can be identified to the gravity. Finally, the solution of the Maxwell equations can be used to calculate the inertia force of a particle. The consistent formulas for both acting and inertia forces enable to construct the dimensionless (without gravitational constant, permitivity of vacuum, etc.) equation of motion.

L. Neslusan

2010-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

54

Microslots : scalable electromagnetic instrumentation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis explores spin manipulation, fabrication techniques and boundary conditions of electromagnetism to bridge the macroscopic and microscopic worlds of biology, chemistry and electronics. This work is centered around ...

Maguire, Yael G., 1975-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Electromagnetically induced interference at superconducting qubits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study electromagnetically induced interference at superconducting qubits. The interaction between qubits and electromagnetic fields can provide additional coupling channels to qubit states, leading to quantum interference in a microwave driven qubit. In particular, the interwell relaxation or Rabi oscillation, resulting respectively from the multi- or single-mode interaction, can induce effective crossovers. The environment is modeled by a multi-mode thermal bath, generating the interwell relaxation. Relaxation induced interference, independent of the tunnel coupling, provides deeper understanding to the interaction between the qubits and their environment. It also supplies a useful tool to characterize the relaxation strength as well as the characteristic frequency of the bath. In addition, we demonstrate the relaxation can generate population inversion in a strongly driving two-level system. On the other hand, different from Rabi oscillation, Rabi oscillation induced interference involves more complicate...

Du, Lingjie

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Definition: Frequency-Domain Electromagnetic Survey | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Electromagnetic Survey Electromagnetic Survey Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Frequency-Domain Electromagnetic Survey Frequency-domain electromagnetic techniques are continuous wave field methods which enable the mapping of the electrical conductivity of the subsurface through electromagnetic induction.[1] Also Known As Controlled-Source EM References ↑ http://library.seg.org/doi/pdf/10.1190/1.1441531 Ret LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. rieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Frequency-Domain_Electromagnetic_Survey&oldid=591411" Category: Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties About us Disclaimers Energy blogs Linked Data Developer services

57

Path planning and position control and of an underactued [sic] electromagnetic formation flight satellite system in the near field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electromagnetic formation flight is the process of using electromagnetic actuators (coils) on multiple spacecraft to produce relative (internal) forces in order to control the relative position and orientation of the ...

Buck, Alexander J. (Alexander James), 1989-

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Superconducting dipole electromagnet  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A dipole electromagnet of especial use for bending beams in particle accelerators is wound to have high uniformity of magnetic field across a cross section and to decrease evenly to zero as the ends of the electromagnet are approached by disposing the superconducting filaments of the coil in the crescent-shaped nonoverlapping portions of two intersecting circles. Uniform decrease at the ends is achieved by causing the circles to overlap increasingly in the direction of the ends of the coil until the overlap is complete and the coil is terminated.

Purcell, John R. (San Diego, CA)

1977-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

59

Electromagnetic radiation detector  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electromagnetic radiation detector including a collimating window, a cathode member having a photoelectric emissive material surface angularly disposed to said window whereby radiation is impinged thereon at acute angles, an anode, separated from the cathode member by an evacuated space, for collecting photoelectrons emitted from the emissive cathode surface, and a negatively biased, high transmissive grid disposed between the cathode member and anode.

Benson, Jay L. (Albuquerque, NM); Hansen, Gordon J. (Albuquerque, NM)

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Evidences of regulatory and signalling role of electromagnetic fields in biological objects: review of literature and own studies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There are growing evidence supporting the role of electromagnetic fields and interactions in biological processes. In this paper we're trying to theoretically substantiate the feasibility and necessity of the "Theory of Electromagnetic Biological Regulation ... Keywords: antibodies, biological regulation, cell, electromagnetic field, signalling, viruses

Valeriy Zaporozhan; Andriy Ponomarenko

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interactive electromagnetic relations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

The Relative Effectiveness of Positive Interdependence and Group Processing on Student Achievement, Interaction, and Attitude in Online Cooperative Learning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relative effectiveness of positive interdependence and group processing on student achievement, interaction, and attitude in online cooperative learning. All of the participants, 144 college students enrolled in one of three different courses, received initial general instruction about teamwork skills and cooperative learning at the start of the study. Participants were then randomly assigned to one of three treatment groups: positive interdependence, group processing, and no structure. The ?positive interdependence? groups received subsequent positive interdependence skills training which were then utilized in their instructional activities. The ?group processing? groups received subsequent group processing skills training for use in their instructional activities. The ?no structure? groups received no additional instructional treatment beyond the initial basic teamwork and cooperative learning training. Results indicated that there were significant differences among students in the ?positive interdependence,? ?group processing,? and ?no structure? groups with respect to their achievement scores and interactions. Participants in the ?positive interdependence? groups had significantly higher achievement than participants in either the ?group processing? groups or the ?no structure? groups. In addition, participants in the ?positive interdependence? groups and the ?group processing? groups interacted with each other to a greater extent than those in the ?no structure? groups. This study also examined the relative effectiveness of positive interdependence and group processing on types of student interaction. The results indicated that ?positive interdependence? strategies were relatively more effective than ?group processing? strategies on ?sharing and comparing of information? interactions, whereas ?group processing? strategies were relatively more effective than ?positive interdependence? strategies on ?negotiation of meaning and co-construction of knowledge? interactions. Regarding student attitude towards the experiences of cooperative learning: participation, communication resources, and online activities, there was no significant difference among any of the three groups. The overall results of this study suggest that instructors would be advised to incorporate positive interdependence strategies in their online courses to help students perceive that they should actively contribute to their online group activities. In addition, instructors are recommended to inform groups of the individual progress of each member?s activities periodically by employing group processing strategies.

Nam, Chang Woo

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

ELECTROMAGNETIC PROPERTIES OF SUPERCONDUCTORS  

SciTech Connect

A method of calculating the response of superconductors to weak electromagnetic fields is formulated. The response is generated from a single- particle Green's function, defined in the presence of an electromagnetic perturbation, that satisfies the conditions imposed by guauge invariance and charge conservation. The response function is thus itself explicitly gauge invariant and charge conserving. The single-particle Green-s function is obtained by making Gorkov's factorizatation of the tiio-partiele Green's funetion in the presence oi the external field. The sy'mmetry' properties of the approximation are used to simplify the calculatioa. This is trivially' carried out in the London limit. An economieal derivation is thus obtaiaed of Anderson's result thai the Bardeen, Cooper, and Sehrieffer quasi particle excitations must be supplemented by collective excitation in order to satisfy the conservation laws. (auth)

Ambegaokar, V.; Kadanoff, L.P.

1961-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

The Particle Adventure | What holds it together? | Interaction summary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Interaction summary Interaction summary Interaction summary This is a summary of the different interactions, their force carrier particles, and what particles they act on: Which fundamental interaction is responsible for: Friction? Answer Friction is caused by residual electromagnetic interactions between the atoms of the two materials. Nuclear bonding? Answer Nuclear bonding is caused by residual strong interactions between the various parts of the nucleus. Planetary orbits? Answer The planets orbit because of the gravity that attracts them to the sun! Even though gravity is a relatively weak force, it still has very important effects on the world. Other questions: Which interactions act on neutrinos? Answer Weak and Gravity Which interaction has heavy carriers? Answer Weak (W+, W-, and Z)

64

Banded electromagnetic stator core  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A stator core for an electromagnetic pump includes a plurality of circumferentially adjoining groups of flat laminations disposed about a common centerline axis and collectively defining a central bore and a discontinuous outer perimeter, with adjacent groups diverging radially outwardly to form V-shaped gaps. An annular band surrounds the groups and is predeterminedly tensioned to clamp together the laminations, and has a predetermined flexibility in a radial direction to form substantially straight bridge sections between the adjacent groups. 5 figures.

Fanning, A.W.; Gonzales, A.A.; Patel, M.R.; Olich, E.E.

1994-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

65

Low frequency electrostatic and electromagnetic modes of ultracold magnetized nonuniform dense plasmas  

SciTech Connect

A coupled linear dispersion relation for the basic electrostatic and electromagnetic waves in the ultracold nonuniform magnetized dense plasmas has been obtained which interestingly is analogous to the classical case. The scales of macroscopic phenomena and the interparticle quantum interactions are discussed. It is important to point out that hydrodynamic models cannot take into account strong quantum effects and they are not applicable to very dense plasmas. The analysis is presented with applications to dense plasmas which are relevant to both laboratory and astrophysical environments.

Saleem, H. [National Centre for Physics (NCP), Quaid-i-Azam University Campus, Islamabad (Pakistan); Department of Physics, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology (CIIT), Islamabad (Pakistan); Ahmad, Ali [Department of Physics, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology (CIIT), Islamabad (Pakistan); Theoretical Plasma Physics Division, Pakistan Institute of Nuclear Science and Technology (PINSTECH), Islamabad (Pakistan); Khan, S. A. [National Centre for Physics (NCP), Quaid-i-Azam University Campus, Islamabad (Pakistan); Department of Physics, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology (CIIT), Islamabad (Pakistan); Department of Physics, Government College Bagh AJK (Pakistan)

2008-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

66

Electromagnetic Transients Program (EMTP) Workbook  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High-speed electromagnetic transients are often the controlling factor in transmission system design and operation. This workbook provides case studies for introducing the basics of electromagnetic transient analysis. Sample problems demonstrate analyses of such transients with the EMTP computer code.BackgroundThe electromagnetic transients program (EMTP) is a versatile and efficient computer program that utilities worldwide use for analyzing high-speed power ...

1986-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

67

Physics Out Loud - Electromagnetic Force  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Detector Previous Video (Detector) Physics Out Loud Main Index Next Video (Electron Scattering) Electron Scattering Electromagnetic Force Cynthia Keppel, a nuclear physicist,...

68

Electromagnetically induced interference at superconducting qubits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study electromagnetically induced interference at superconducting qubits. The interaction between qubits and electromagnetic fields can provide additional coupling channels to qubit states, leading to quantum interference in a microwave driven qubit. In particular, the interwell relaxation or Rabi oscillation, resulting respectively from the multi- or single-mode interaction, can induce effective crossovers. The environment is modeled by a multi-mode thermal bath, generating the interwell relaxation. Relaxation induced interference, independent of the tunnel coupling, provides deeper understanding to the interaction between the qubits and their environment. It also supplies a useful tool to characterize the relaxation strength as well as the characteristic frequency of the bath. In addition, we demonstrate the relaxation can generate population inversion in a strongly driving two-level system. On the other hand, different from Rabi oscillation, Rabi oscillation induced interference involves more complicated and modulated photon exchange thus offers an alternative means to manipulate the qubit, with more controllable parameters including the strength and position of the tunnel coupling. It also provides a testing ground for exploring nonlinear quantum phenomena and quantum state manipulation, in not only the flux qubit but also the systems with no crossover structure, e.g. phase qubits.

Lingjie Du; Yang Yu

2010-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

69

Electromagnetic effects of neutrinos in an electron gas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the electromagnetic properties of a system that consists of an electron background and a neutrino gas that may be moving or at rest, as a whole, relative to the background. The photon self-energy for this system is characterized by the usual transverse and longitudinal polarization functions, and two additional ones which are the focus of our calculations, that give rise to birefringence and anisotropic effects in the photon dispersion relations. Expressions for them are obtained, which depend on the neutrino number densities and involve momentum integrals over the electron distribution functions, and are valid for any value of the photon momentum and general conditions of the electron gas. Those expressions are evaluated explicitly for several special cases and approximations which are generally useful in astrophysical and cosmological settings. Besides studying the photon dispersion relations, we consider the macroscopic electrodynamic equations for this system, which involve the standard dielectric and permeability constants plus two additional ones related to the photon self-energy functions. As an illustration, the equations are used to discuss the evolution of a magnetic field perturbation in such a medium. This particular phenomena has also been considered in a recent work by Semikoz and Sokoloff as a mechanism for the generation of large-scale magnetic fields in the Early Universe as a consequence of the neutrino-plasma interactions, and allows us to establish contact with a specific application in a well defined context, with a broader scope and from a very different point of view.

Jose' F. Nieves; Sarira Sahu

2005-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

70

Cocoa Butter and Related CompoundsChapter 14 New Method to Study Molecular Interactions in Fats—Synchrotron Radiation Microbeam X-ray Diffraction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cocoa Butter and Related Compounds Chapter 14 New Method to Study Molecular Interactions in Fats—Synchrotron Radiation Microbeam X-ray Diffraction Food Science Health Nutrition eChapters Food Science & Technology Health - Nutrition - Bioc

71

Cocoa Butter and Related CompoundsChapter 16 Molecular Interactions of Triacylglycerides in Blends of Cocoa Butter with trans-free Vegetable Oils  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cocoa Butter and Related Compounds Chapter 16 Molecular Interactions of Triacylglycerides in Blends of Cocoa Butter with trans-free Vegetable Oils Food Science Health Nutrition eChapters Food Science & Technology Health - Nutrition - Bioc

72

Remote Sensing Ayman F. Habib Electro-Magnetic Radiation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Remote Sensing Ayman F. Habib 1 Chapter 2 Electro-Magnetic Radiation #12;Remote Sensing Ayman F. Habib 2 Elements of Remote Sensing #12;Remote Sensing Ayman F. Habib 3 Chapter 2 Radiation: nature & source #12;Remote Sensing Ayman F. Habib 4 Chapter 2 Interaction with the atmosphere #12;Remote Sensing

Habib, Ayman

73

Remote Sensing Ayman F. Habib Electro-Magnetic Radiation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Remote Sensing Ayman F. Habib 1 Chapter 2 Electro-Magnetic Radiation Remote Sensing Ayman F. Habib 2 Elements of Remote Sensing #12;Remote Sensing Ayman F. Habib 3 Chapter 2 Radiation: nature & source Remote Sensing Ayman F. Habib 4 Chapter 2 Interaction with the atmosphere #12;Remote Sensing Ayman

Habib, Ayman

74

Electromagnetic Compatibility in Nuclear Power Plants  

SciTech Connect

Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) has long been a key element of qualification for mission critical instrumentation and control (I&C) systems used by the U.S. military. The potential for disruption of safety-related I&C systems by electromagnetic interference (EMI), radio-frequency interference (RFI), or power surges is also an issue of concern for the nuclear industry. Experimental investigations of the potential vulnerability of advanced safety systems to EMI/RFI, coupled with studies of reported events at nuclear power plants (NPPs) that are attributed to EMI/RFI, confirm the safety significance of EMC for both analog and digital technology. As a result, Oak Ridge National Laboratory has been engaged in the development of the technical basis for guidance that addresses EMC for safety-related I&C systems in NPPs. This research has involved the identification of engineering practices to minimize the potential impact of EMI/RFI and power surges and an evaluation of the ambient electromagnetic environment at NPPs to tailor those practices for use by the nuclear industry. Recommendations for EMC guidance have been derived from these research findings and are summarized in this paper.

Ewing, P.D.; Kercel, S.W.; Korsah, K.; Wood, R.T.

1999-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

75

Electromagnetic Casimir forces of parabolic cylinder and knife-edge geometries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An exact calculation of electromagnetic scattering from a perfectly conducting parabolic cylinder is employed to compute Casimir forces in several configurations. These include interactions between a parabolic cylinder and ...

Graham, Noah

76

Effects of Detuning on Control of Intersubband Quantum Well Transitions with Chirped Electromagnetic Pulses  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We study the interaction of a chirped electromagnetic pulse with intersubband transitions of a double semiconductor quantum well. We specifically consider the interaction of the ground and first excited subbands with the electromagnetic field and use the nonlinear density matrix equations for the description of the system dynamics. These equations are solved numerically for various values of the electron sheet density for a realistic double GaAs/AlGaAs quantum well, and the efficiency of population transfer is discussed with emphasis given to the effects of the detuning of the central frequency of the electromagnetic field from resonance.

Blekos, Konstantinos; Terzis, Andreas F. [Physics Department, School of Natural Sciences, University of Patras, Patras 265 04 (Greece); Simserides, Constantinos [Institute of Materials Science, National Center of Scientific Research Demokritos, 153 10 Athens (Greece); Paspalakis, Emmanuel [Materials Science Department, School of Natural Sciences, University of Patras, Patras 265 04 (Greece)

2010-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

77

Superconductors Programs/Projects in Electromagnetics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Superconductors Programs/Projects in Electromagnetics. Superconductor Electromechanics. Contact. General Information ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

78

Guidelines for Electromagnetic Interference Testing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One issue that has been problematic for new plant equipment and especially for digital instrumentation and control (I&C) systems in recent years is electromagnetic compatibility (EMC). Guidance from the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), EPRI, and various standards organizations has been evolving for many years and generally converging. However, the NRC's most recent guidance, Regulatory Guide 1.180 Revision 1, and EPRI's most recent EMI Guideline (Guidelines for Electromagnetic Interference Testing in...

2008-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

79

Black Hole Thermodynamics and Electromagnetism  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show a strong parallel between the Hawking, Beckenstein black hole Thermodynamics and electromagnetism: When the gravitational coupling constant transform into the electromagnetic coupling constant, the Schwarzchild radius, the Beckenstein temperature, the Beckenstein decay time and the Planck mass transform to respectively the Compton wavelength, the Hagedorn temperature, the Compton time and a typical elementary particle mass. The reasons underlying this parallalism are then discussed in detail.

Burra G. Sidharth

2005-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

80

SOLAR NANTENNA ELECTROMAGNETIC COLLECTORS  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This research explores a new efficient approach for producing electricity from the abundant energy of the sun. A nanoantenna electromagnetic collector (NEC) has been designed, prototyped, and tested. Proof of concept has been validated. The device targets mid-infrared wavelengths where conventional photovoltaic (PV) solar cells do not respond but is abundant in solar energy. The initial concept of designing NEC antennas was based on scaling of radio frequency antenna theory. This approach has proven unsuccessful by many due to not fully understanding and accounting for the optical behavior of materials in the THz region. Also until recent years the nanofabrication methods were not available to fabricate the optical antenna elements. We have addressed and overcome both technology barriers. Several factors were critical in successful implementation of NEC including: 1) frequency-dependent modeling of antenna elements, 2) selection of materials with proper THz properties and 3) novel manufacturing methods that enable economical large-scale manufacturing. The work represents an important step toward the ultimate realization of a low-cost device that will collect as well as convert this radiation into electricity, which will lead to a wide spectrum, high conversion efficiency, and low cost solution to complement conventional PVs.

Steven D. Novack; Dale K. Kotter; Dennis Slafer; Patrick Pinhero

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interactive electromagnetic relations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Control and monitoring method and system for electromagnetic forming processes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process, system, and improvement for a process for electromagnetic forming of a workpiece in which characteristics of the workpiece such as its geometry, electrical conductivity, quality, and magnetic permeability can be determined by monitoring the current and voltage in the workcoil. In an electromagnet forming process in which a power supply provides current to a workcoil and the electromagnetic field produced by the workcoil acts to form the workpiece, the dynamic interaction of the electromagnetic fields produced by the workcoil with the geometry, electrical conductivity, and magnetic permeability of the workpiece, provides information pertinent to the physical condition of the workpiece that is available for determination of quality and process control. This information can be obtained by deriving in real time the first several time derivatives of the current and voltage in the workcoil. In addition, the process can be extended by injecting test signals into the workcoil during the electromagnetic forming and monitoring the response to the test signals in the workcoil. 3 figs.

Kunerth, D.C.; Lassahn, G.D.

1989-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

82

Automatic collecting technique of low frequency electromagnetic signals and its application in earthquake study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two methods to automatically collect disturbed ultra low frequency electromagnetic signals before strong earthquakes were developed in this paper, in which one is only related to the spectrum intensity of electric field, and another is additionally combined ... Keywords: Chile earthquake, DEMETER, fractal property, multi parameters, ultra low frequency electromagnetic emission

Xuemin Zhang; Roberto Battiston; Xuhui Shen; Zhima Zeren; Xinyan Ouyang; Jiadong Qian; Jing Liu; Jianping Huang; Yuanqing Miao

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Extended Air Showers and Muon Interactions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The objective of this work is to report on the influence of muon interactions on the development of air showers initiated by astroparticles. We make a comparative study of the different theoretical approaches to muon bremsstrahlung and muonic pair production interactions. A detailed algorithm that includes all the relevant characteristics of such processes has been implemented in the AIRES air shower simulation system. We have simulated ultra high energy showers in different conditions in order to measure the influence of these muonic electromagnetic interactions. We have found that during the late stages of the shower development (well beyond the shower maximum) many global observables are significantly modified in relative terms when the mentioned interactions are taken into account. This is most evident in the case of the electromagnetic component of very inclined showers. On the other hand, our simulations indicate that the studied processes do not induce significant changes either in the position of the shower maximum or the structure of the shower front surface.

A. N. Cillis; S. J. Sciutto

2000-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

84

Electromagnetic fields: Biological and clinical aspects  

SciTech Connect

Our entire biosphere is immersed in a sea of man-made electromagnetic fields (EMF). Occupational and public health data suggest that these fields may be a health hazard, possibly involving cancer and fetal loss. This paper reviews the history and pertinent physics of electromagnetic fields and presents evidence from the authors' work, and that of others, of biological interaction with living systems. Epidemiological data suggesting EMF hazards are reviewed including a discussion of possible risks associated with Hawaii's Lualualei transmitter site, TV and FM antennas in high-density population areas, fields surrounding electric power transmission and computer terminals, and the plan to route a major highway through the near-field of an operating Omega signal-source. In the face of current public fear and controversial research reports about long-term EMF exposure, suggestions are presented for public policy about these local sources of concern, as well as for the EMF risks common to any similarly developed areas. 30 refs.

Tabrah, F.L.; Batkin, S. (Department of Physiology, University of Hawaii School of Medicine, Honolulu (USA))

1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Simulation Study on the Characteristics of Carbon-Fiber-Reinforced Plastics in Electromagnetic Tomography Nondestructive Evaluation Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Simulations of carbon-fiber-reinforced plastics (CFRP) using the finite element method in electromagnetic tomography nondestructive evaluation systems are presented in this paper. Ansoft Maxwell 3D models describing the interaction of the sensors with ... Keywords: Carbon-fiber-reinforced plastics (CFRP), finite element, electromagnetic tomography (EMT), nondestructive evaluation (NDE), sensitivity matrix

Ze Liu; Yu Xu; Xiaofei Zhang; Yali Pei; Yiping Cheng; Wuliang Yin

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Laboratory Studies of the Short-term Responses of Freshwater Fish to Electromagnetic Fields  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hydrokinetic energy technologies are being proposed as an environmentally preferred means of generating electricity from river and tidal currents. Among the potential issues that must be investigated in order to resolve environmental concerns are the effects on aquatic organisms of electromagnetic fields created by underwater generators and transmission cables. The behavioral responses of common freshwater fishes to static and variable electromagnetic fields (EMF) that may be emitted by hydrokinetic projects were evaluated in laboratory experiments. Various fish species were exposed to either static (DC) EMF fields created by a permanent bar magnet or variable (AC) EMF fields created by a switched electromagnet for 48 h, fish locations were recorded with a digital imaging system, and changes in activity level and distribution relative to the magnet position were quantified at 5-min intervals. Experiments with fathead minnows, redear sunfish, striped bass, lake sturgeon, and channel catfish produced mixed results. Except for fathead minnows there was no effect on activity level. Only redear sunfish and channel catfish exhibited a change in distribution relative to the position of the magnet with an apparent attraction to the EMF source. In separate experiments, rapid behavioral responses of paddlefish and lake sturgeon to onset of the AC field were recorded with high-speed video. Paddlefish did not react to a variable, 60-Hz magnetic field like that which would be emitted by an AC generator or cable, but lake sturgeon consistently responded to the variable, AC-generated magnetic field with a variety of altered swimming behaviors. These results will be useful for determining under what circumstances cables or generators need to be positioned to minimize interactions with sensitive species.

Bevelhimer, Mark S [ORNL; Cada, Glenn F [ORNL; Fortner, Allison M [ORNL; Schweizer, Peter E [ORNL; Riemer, Kristina P [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

A quaternionic unification of electromagnetism and hydrodynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have derived energy conservation equations from the quaternionic Newton's law that is compatible with Lorentz transformation. This Newton's law yields directly the Euler equation and other relations governing the fluid motion. With this formalism, the pressure contributes positively to the dynamics of the system in the same way mass does. Hydrodynamic equations are derived from Maxwell's equations by adopting an electromagnetohydrodynamics analogy. In this analogy the hydroelectric field is related to the local acceleration of the fluid and the Lorentz gauge is related to the incompressible fluid condition. An analogous Lorentz gauge in hydrodynamics is proposed. We have shown that the vorticity of the fluid is developed whenever the particle local acceleration of the fluid deviates from the velocity direction. We have shown that Lorentz force in electromagnetism corresponds to Euler force for fluids. Moreover, we have obtained a Faraday-like law and Ampere's -like law in Hydrodynamics.

Arbab, Arbab I

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

A characterization of the electromagnetic stress-energy tensor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In a previous paper, we pointed out how a dimensional analysis of the stress-energy tensor of the gravitational field allows to derive the field equation of General Relativity. In this note, we comment an analogous reasoning in presence of a 2-form, that allows to characterize the so called electromagnetic stress-energy tensor.

J. Navarro; J. B. Sancho

2011-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

89

Cerenkov radio pulses from electromagnetic showers in the time domain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The electric field of the Cerenkov radio pulse produced by a single charged particle track in a dielectric medium is derived from first principles. An algorithm is developed to obtain the pulse in the time domain for numerical calculations. The algorithm is implemented in a Monte Carlo simulation of electromagnetic showers in dense media (specifically designed for coherent radio emission applications) as might be induced by interactions of ultrahigh energy neutrinos. The coherent Cerenkov radio emission produced by such showers is obtained simultaneously both in the time and frequency domains. A consistency check performed by Fourier transforming the pulse in time and comparing it to the frequency spectrum obtained directly in the simulations yields, as expected, fully consistent results. The reversal of the time structure inside the Cerenkov cone and the signs of the corresponding pulses are addressed in detail. The results, besides testing algorithms used for reference calculations in the frequency domain, shed new light into the properties of the radio pulse in the time domain. The shape of the pulse in the time domain is directly related to the depth development of the excess charge in the shower and its width to the observation angle with respect to the Cerenkov direction. This information can be of great practical importance for interpreting actual data.

Alvarez-Muniz, Jaime; Romero-Wolf, Andres; Zas, Enrique [Depto. de Fisica de Particulas and Instituto Galego de Fisica de Altas Enerxias, Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, 15782 Santiago de Compostela (Spain); Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, Hawaii 96822 (United States); Depto. de Fisica de Particulas and Instituto Galego de Fisica de Altas Enerxias, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, 15782 Santiago de Compostela (Spain)

2010-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

90

Unification of Gravity and Electromagnetism Revisited  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Unification of gravity and electromagnetism based on a theory with an affine non-symmetric connection $\\Gamma^\\lambda_{\\mu\

Partha Ghose

2013-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

91

Sympathetic Electromagnetically-Induced-Transparency Laser ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Page 1. Sympathetic Electromagnetically-Induced-Transparency Laser Cooling of Motional Modes in an Ion Chain Y. Lin ...

2013-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

92

Airborne electromagnetic surveys as a reconnaissance technique...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

electromagnetic surveys as a reconnaissance technique for geothermal exploration Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Proceedings: Airborne...

93

Through-Barrier Electromagnetic Communication and Sensing: Advances in  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Through-Barrier Electromagnetic Communication and Sensing: Advances in Through-Barrier Electromagnetic Communication and Sensing: Advances in Wideband Radio-Wave Communications and ..... Speaker(s): Farid Dowla Date: June 1, 2007 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Mary Ann Piette (Complete seminar title is: Through-Barrier Electromagnetic Communication and Sensing: Advances in Wideband Radio-Wave Communications and Radar Imaging, Radio-Frequency (RF) Tags and Tera-Hertz (THz) Standoff Detection Spectroscopy) In many remote sensing problems there is a critical need to detect and image objects through barriers, such as buildings, with high reliability and resolution and at long ranges. A related problem is the wireless communication and geolocation of transceivers in harsh RF environments, such as in urban areas and underground caves, where

94

The courts and electromagnetic fields  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article examines the recent development in eminent domain cases involving power transmission line rights of way, the issue of fear of the mythical buyer. The author feels that the fear of electrocution or of the possible cancer-inducing effects of electromagnetic fields is greatly influencing court decisions in these cases. The results could be more expensive rights of way acquisition by utilities.

Freeman, M. (Univ. of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia (United States))

1990-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

95

A current concern. [Electromagnetic fields  

SciTech Connect

This article examines the risk to homeowners of exposure to electromagnetic fields (EMF). Studies that link EMF to cancer are described and recommendations are given for prudent avoidance. Appliance manufacturers claim to have found no economically feasible way to shield emissions. Meanwhile the EPA's health effects research in this area has been suspended because of budgetary constraints.

Brinckerhoff, S.

1990-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Electromagnetic dissociation of relativistic {sup 28}Si by nucleon emission  

SciTech Connect

A detailed study of the electromagnetic dissociation of {sup 28}Si by nucleon emission at E{sub lab}/A = 14.6 (GeV/nucleon was carried out with {sup 28}Si beams interacting on {sup 208}Pb). {sup 120}Sn. {sup 64}C targets. The measurements apparatus consists of detectors in the target area which measure the energy and charged multiplicity, and a forward spectrometer which measures the position, momentum and energy of the reaction fragments. The exclusive electromagnetic dissociation cross sections for decay channels having multiple nucleons in the final state have been measured which enables the selection of events produced in pure electromagnetic interactions. The measured cross sections agree well with previous measurements obtained for the removal of a few nucleons as well as with measurements on total charge removal cross sections from other experiments. The dependence of the integrated cross sections on the target charge Z{sub T} and the target mass AT confirms that for higher Z targets the excitation is largely electromagnetic. Direct measurements of the excitation energy for the electromagnetic dissociation of {sup 28}Si {yields} p+{sup 27}Al and {sup 28}Si {yields} n+{sup 27}Si have been obtained through a calculation of the invariant mass in kinematically, reconstructed events. The excitation energy spectrum for all targets peak near the isovector giant dipole resonance in {sup 28}Si. These distributions are well reproduced by combining the photon spectrum calculated using the Weizsaecker-Williams approximation with the experimental data on the photonuclear {sup 28}Si({sub {gamma},p}){sup 27}Al and {sup 28}Si({sub {gamma},n}){sup 27}Si. The possibilities of observing double giant dipole resonance excitations in {sup 28}Si have been investigated with cross section measurements as well as with excitation energy reconstruction.

Sonnadara, U.J.

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Electromagnetic dissociation of relativistic [sup 28]Si by nucleon emission  

SciTech Connect

A detailed study of the electromagnetic dissociation of [sup 28]Si by nucleon emission at E[sub lab]/A = 14.6 (GeV/nucleon was carried out with [sup 28]Si beams interacting on [sup 208]Pb). [sup 120]Sn. [sup 64]C targets. The measurements apparatus consists of detectors in the target area which measure the energy and charged multiplicity, and a forward spectrometer which measures the position, momentum and energy of the reaction fragments. The exclusive electromagnetic dissociation cross sections for decay channels having multiple nucleons in the final state have been measured which enables the selection of events produced in pure electromagnetic interactions. The measured cross sections agree well with previous measurements obtained for the removal of a few nucleons as well as with measurements on total charge removal cross sections from other experiments. The dependence of the integrated cross sections on the target charge Z[sub T] and the target mass AT confirms that for higher Z targets the excitation is largely electromagnetic. Direct measurements of the excitation energy for the electromagnetic dissociation of [sup 28]Si [yields] p+[sup 27]Al and [sup 28]Si [yields] n+[sup 27]Si have been obtained through a calculation of the invariant mass in kinematically, reconstructed events. The excitation energy spectrum for all targets peak near the isovector giant dipole resonance in [sup 28]Si. These distributions are well reproduced by combining the photon spectrum calculated using the Weizsaecker-Williams approximation with the experimental data on the photonuclear [sup 28]Si([sub [gamma],p])[sup 27]Al and [sup 28]Si([sub [gamma],n])[sup 27]Si. The possibilities of observing double giant dipole resonance excitations in [sup 28]Si have been investigated with cross section measurements as well as with excitation energy reconstruction.

Sonnadara, U.J.

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Current Sheet Canting in Pulsed Electromagnetic Accelerators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Current Sheet Canting in Pulsed Electromagnetic Accelerators Thomas Edward Markusic A DISSERTATION #12;Current Sheet Canting in Pulsed Electromagnetic Accelerators Prepared by: Thomas Edward Markusic of current sheet canting in pulsed electromagnetic accelerators is the de- parture of the plasma sheet

Choueiri, Edgar

99

Making a difference: Ten case studies of DSM/IRP interactive efforts and related advocacy group activities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report discusses the activities of organizations that seek to promote integrated resource planning and aggressive, cost-effective demand-side management by utilities. The activities of such groups -- here called energy efficiency advocacy groups (EEAGs) -- are examined in ten detailed am studies. Nine of the cases involve some form of interactive effort between investor-owned electric utilities and non-utility to develop policies, plans, or programs cooperatively. Many but not all of the interactive efforts examined are formal collaboratives. In addition, all ten cases include discussion of other EEAG activities, such as coalition-building, research, participation in statewide energy planning, and intervention in regulatory proceedings.

English, M.; Schexnayder, S.; Altman, J. [Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States). Energy, Environment and Resources Center; Schweitzer, M. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

A quaternionic unification of electromagnetism and hydrodynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have derived energy conservation equations from the quaternionic Newton's law that is compatible with Lorentz transformation. This Newton's law yields directly the Euler equation and other equations governing the fluid motion. With this formalism, the pressure contributes positively to the dynamics of the system in the same way mass does. Hydrodynamic equations are derived from Maxwell's equations by adopting an electromagnetohydrodynamics (EMH) analogy. In this analogy the hydroelectric field is related to the local acceleration of the fluid and the Lorentz gauge is related to the incompressible fluid condition. An analogous Lorentz gauge in hydrodynamics is proposed. We have shown that the vorticity of the fluid is developed whenever the particle local acceleration of the fluid deviates from the velocity direction. We have also shown that Lorentz force in electromagnetism corresponds to Euler force in fluids. Moreover, we have obtained Gauss's, Faraday's and Ampere's -like laws in Hydrodynamics.

Arbab I. Arbab

2010-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interactive electromagnetic relations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Three-dimensional transient electromagnetic modeling in the Laplace Domain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In modeling electromagnetic responses, Maxwell's equations in the frequency domain are popular and have been widely used (Nabighian, 1994; Newman and Alumbaugh, 1995; Smith, 1996, to list a few). Recently, electromagnetic modeling in the time domain using the finite difference (FDTD) method (Wang and Hohmann, 1993) has also been used to study transient electromagnetic interactions in the conductive medium. This paper presents a new technique to compute the electromagnetic response of three-dimensional (3-D) structures. The proposed new method is based on transforming Maxwell's equations to the Laplace domain. For each discrete Laplace variable, Maxwell's equations are discretized in 3-D using the staggered grid and the finite difference method (FDM). The resulting system of equations is then solved for the fields using the incomplete Cholesky conjugate gradient (ICCG) method. The new method is particularly effective in saving computer memory since all the operations are carried out in real numbers. For the same reason, the computing speed is faster than frequency domain modeling. The proposed approach can be an extremely useful tool in developing an inversion algorithm using the time domain data.

Mizunaga, H.; Lee, Ki Ha; Kim, H.J.

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Ground Electromagnetic Techniques | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ground Electromagnetic Techniques Ground Electromagnetic Techniques (Redirected from Ground Electromagnetic Methods) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Ground Electromagnetic Techniques Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) NEPA(0) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Geophysical Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Electrical Techniques Parent Exploration Technique: Electromagnetic Techniques Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Rock composition, mineral and clay content Stratigraphic/Structural: Detection of permeable pathways, fracture zones, faults Hydrological: Resistivity influenced by porosity, grain size distribution, permeability, fluid saturation, fluid type and phase state of the pore water Thermal: Resistivity influenced by temperature

103

Definition: Electromagnetic Profiling Techniques | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Electromagnetic Profiling Techniques Electromagnetic Profiling Techniques Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Electromagnetic Profiling Techniques Electromagnetic profiling techniques map lateral variations in subsurface resistivity.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Exploration geophysics is the applied branch of geophysics which uses surface methods to measure the physical properties of the subsurface Earth, along with the anomalies in these properties, in order to detect or infer the presence and position of ore minerals, hydrocarbons, geothermal reservoirs, groundwater reservoirs, and other geological structures. Exploration geophysics is the practical application of physical methods (such as seismic, gravitational, magnetic, electrical and electromagnetic) to measure the physical properties of rocks, and in particular, to detect

104

Electromagnetic Sounding Techniques | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Electromagnetic Sounding Techniques Electromagnetic Sounding Techniques (Redirected from Electromagnetic Sounding Methods) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Electromagnetic Sounding Techniques Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) NEPA(0) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Geophysical Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Electrical Techniques Parent Exploration Technique: Ground Electromagnetic Techniques Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Rock composition, mineral and clay content Stratigraphic/Structural: Detection of permeable pathways, fracture zones, faults Hydrological: Resistivity influenced by porosity, grain size distribution, permeability, fluid saturation, fluid type and phase state of the pore water

105

Questions and Answers - Which jobs use electromagnets?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

does adding coils to anelectromagnet make it stronger? does adding coils to an<br>electromagnet make it stronger? Previous Question (Why does adding coils to an electromagnet make it stronger?) Questions and Answers Main Index Next Question (Why is a non-permanent, but long lasting, magnet called a permanent magnet?) Why is a non-permanent, but long lasting,magnet called a permanent magnet? Which jobs use electromagnets? In today's world almost all jobs other than a goat herder use some type of electromagnet. They are everywhere. Electric motors are a type of electromagnet. Cars have dozens of electromagnets that move things or generate electricity. There are all sorts of interesting applications for larger electromagnets. The most obvious and biggest example is electricity. There are some interesting applications like dumping shredded garbage

106

Collapses of underground cavities and soil-structure interactions: influences of the position of the structure relative to the cavity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper is focused on soil subsidence of small extend and amplitude caused by tunnel boring or the collapse of underground cavities, whether natural or man-made. The impact of the movements of the ground on existing structures is generally dramatic. It is therefore necessary to accurately predict these movements (settlements and horizontal extension or compression displacements). Even though it is obvious that the overall stiffness and weight of the structure influences the size and shape of the soil movement, the main features of this soil-structure interaction phenomenon are not well established. Caudron et al. (2006) developed an original small-scale physical model to take the soil-structure interaction into account. It is based on the use of the frictional Schneebeli material (assembly of small diameter rods) and a modified version including cohesion in order to reproduce a cohesive layer above a cavity. The displacements of the soil are obtained from digital images processing by particle image velocim...

Caudron, Matthieu; Emeriault, Fabrice

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Electromagnetic Techniques | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

form form View source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Electromagnetic Techniques Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Electromagnetic Techniques Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) NEPA(5) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Geophysical Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Electrical Techniques Parent Exploration Technique: Electrical Techniques Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Rock composition, mineral and clay content Stratigraphic/Structural: Detection of permeable pathways, fracture zones, faults Hydrological: Resistivity influenced by porosity, grain size distribution, permeability, fluid saturation, fluid type and phase state of the pore water

108

Concerning Measurement of Gravitomagnetism in Electromagnetic Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Measurement of gravitomagnetic field is of fundamental importance as a test of general relativity. Here we present a new theoretical project for performing such a measurement based on detection of the electric field arising from the interplay between the gravitomagnetic and magnetic fields in the stationary axial-symmetric gravitational field of a slowly rotating massive body. Finally it is shown that precise magnetometers based on superconducting quantum interferometers could not be designed for measurement of the gravitomagnetically induced magnetic field in the cavity of a charged capacitor since they measure the circulation of a vector potential of electromagnetic field, i.e., an invariant quantity including the sum of electric and magnetic fields, and the general-relativistic magnetic part will be totally cancelled by the electric one which is in good agreement with the experimental results.

B. J. Ahmedov; N. I. Rakhmatov

2006-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

109

Evidence for new nucleon resonances from electromagnetic meson production  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The study of nucleon resonances in electromagnetic meson production with the CLAS detector is discussed. The electromagnetic interaction is complementary to pion scattering in the exploration of the nucleon excitation spectrum. Higher mass states often decouple from the N{pi} channel and are not seen in {pi} N --> {pi} N. Photoproduction of mesons, such as K {Lambda}, {omega} p and {eta}' p may be more sensitive to many of these states. The CLAS detector, combined with the use of energy-tagged polarized photons and polarized electrons, as well as po- larized targets and the measurement of recoil polarization, are the tools needed for a comprehensive nucleon resonance program. Some of the recently published high statistics data sets had significant impact on further clarifying the nucleon excitation spectrum.

Volker Burkert

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Electromagnetic and nuclear radiation detector using micromechanical sensors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Electromagnetic and nuclear radiation is detected by micromechanical sensors that can be coated with various interactive materials. As the micromechanical sensors absorb radiation, the sensors bend and/or undergo a shift in resonance characteristics. The bending and resonance changes are detected with high sensitivity by any of several detection methods including optical, capacitive, and piezoresistive methods. Wide bands of the electromagnetic spectrum can be imaged with picoJoule sensitivity, and specific absorptive coatings can be used for selective sensitivity in specific wavelength bands. Microcantilevers coated with optical cross-linking polymers are useful as integrating optical radiation dosimeters. Nuclear radiation dosimetry is possible by fabricating cantilevers from materials that are sensitive to various nuclear particles or radiation. Upon exposure to radiation, the cantilever bends due to stress and its resonance frequency shifts due to changes in elastic properties, based on cantilever shape and properties of the coating.

Thundat, Thomas G. (Knoxville, TN); Warmack, Robert J. (Knoxville, TN); Wachter, Eric A. (Oak Ridge, TN)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Category:Electromagnetic Sounding Techniques | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Electromagnetic Sounding Techniques Electromagnetic Sounding Techniques Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Geothermalpower.jpg Looking for the Electromagnetic Sounding Techniques page? For detailed information on Electromagnetic Sounding Techniques, click here. Category:Electromagnetic Sounding Techniques Add.png Add a new Electromagnetic Sounding Techniques Technique Subcategories This category has only the following subcategory. M [×] Magnetotelluric Techniques‎ 1 pages Pages in category "Electromagnetic Sounding Techniques" The following 2 pages are in this category, out of 2 total. M Magnetotelluric Techniques T Time-Domain Electromagnetics Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Category:Electromagnetic_Sounding_Techniques&oldid=689837"

112

Electromagnetic Transients Program (EMTP) Application Guide  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The electromagnetic transients program is a versatile computer program that utilities worldwide use to analyze high-speed power system transients. This application guide provides procedures and data to assist engineers experienced in electromagnetic transient analysis based on EMTP.BackgroundThe electromagnetic transients program (EMTP), developed in the early 1970s by the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA), has been widely used for transient analysis. To ...

1986-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

113

Crosswell Electromagnetic Resistivity Imaging: Illuminating the Reservior |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Crosswell Electromagnetic Resistivity Imaging: Illuminating the Reservior Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: Crosswell Electromagnetic Resistivity Imaging: Illuminating the Reservior Published Middle East Asia Reservior Reviiew, 2006 DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability: http://crossref.org Online Internet link for Crosswell Electromagnetic Resistivity Imaging: Illuminating the Reservior Citation Crosswell Electromagnetic Resistivity Imaging: Illuminating the Reservior [Internet]. 2006. Middle East Asia Reservior Reviiew. [cited 2013/10/22]. Available from: http://www.slb.com/~/media/Files/resources/mearr/num7/illuminating_reservoir.pdf Retrieved from

114

Electromagnetic Sounding Techniques | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Electromagnetic Sounding Techniques Electromagnetic Sounding Techniques Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Electromagnetic Sounding Techniques Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) NEPA(0) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Geophysical Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Electrical Techniques Parent Exploration Technique: Ground Electromagnetic Techniques Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Rock composition, mineral and clay content Stratigraphic/Structural: Detection of permeable pathways, fracture zones, faults Hydrological: Resistivity influenced by porosity, grain size distribution, permeability, fluid saturation, fluid type and phase state of the pore water Thermal: Resistivity influenced by temperature

115

Time-Domain Electromagnetics | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Time-Domain Electromagnetics Time-Domain Electromagnetics Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Time-Domain Electromagnetics Details Activities (10) Areas (10) Regions (0) NEPA(0) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Geophysical Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Electrical Techniques Parent Exploration Technique: Electromagnetic Sounding Techniques Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Detection of rock units or geological features with contrasting apparent resistivity. Stratigraphic/Structural: Structural information may be inferred from TDEM data. Hydrological: Hydrological information such as depth to groundwater table may be determined. Thermal: Extent of hydrothermal alteration mineralogy may be inferred. Cost Information

116

Electromagnetic Profiling Techniques | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Electromagnetic Profiling Techniques Electromagnetic Profiling Techniques Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Electromagnetic Profiling Techniques Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) NEPA(0) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Geophysical Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Electrical Techniques Parent Exploration Technique: Ground Electromagnetic Techniques Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Rock composition, mineral and clay content Stratigraphic/Structural: Detection of permeable pathways, fracture zones, faults Hydrological: Resistivity influenced by porosity, grain size distribution, permeability, fluid saturation, fluid type and phase state of the pore water Thermal: Resistivity influenced by temperature

117

Detection of electromagnetic waves using MEMS antennas  

SciTech Connect

We describe the design, fabrication and characterization of simple micromechanical structures that are capable of sensing static electric time varying electromagnetic fields. Time varying electric field sensing is usually achieved using an electromagnetic antenna and a receiver. However, these antenna-based approaches do not exhibit high sensitivity over a broad frequency (or wavelength) range. An important aspect of the present work is that, in contrast to traditional antennas, the dimensions of these micromechanical oscillators can be much smaller than the wavelength of the electromagnetic wave. We characterized the fabricated micromechanical oscillators by measuring their responses to time varying electric and electromagnetic fields.

Lavrik, Nickolay V [ORNL; Tobin, [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Bowland, Landon T [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Algebraic sub-structuring for electromagnetic applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Li, I. Malik, W. M i , C. Ng, and M . Wolf. ElectromagneticP. Husbands, and E. G. Ng. An Alge- braic Sub-structuring

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Definition: Electromagnetic Sounding Techniques | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sounding Techniques Electromagnetic soundings aim to map the distribution of electrical resistivity as a function of depth.1 References http:www.amazon.com...

120

Ground Electromagnetic Techniques | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ground Electromagnetic Techniques Ground Electromagnetic Techniques Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Ground Electromagnetic Techniques Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) NEPA(0) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Geophysical Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Electrical Techniques Parent Exploration Technique: Electromagnetic Techniques Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Rock composition, mineral and clay content Stratigraphic/Structural: Detection of permeable pathways, fracture zones, faults Hydrological: Resistivity influenced by porosity, grain size distribution, permeability, fluid saturation, fluid type and phase state of the pore water Thermal: Resistivity influenced by temperature Dictionary.png

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interactive electromagnetic relations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Assessment of Electromagnetic Interference Events in Nuclear Power Plants  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report presents a study and analysis of reported electromagnetic interference (EMI-) related incidents in nuclear power plants. These incidents were gathered primarily from the total body of incidents reported to the Institute of Nuclear Power Operations (INPO) database, with a few incidents coming from U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) reports. This report analyzes trends and common factors in these events. The analysis is intended to inform the estimation of risk from EMI and offer suggesti...

2011-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

122

Electromagnetic energy within magnetic spheres  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Consider that an incident plane wave is scattered by a homogeneous and isotropic magnetic sphere of finite radius. We determine, by means of the rigorous Mie theory, an exact expression for the time-averaged electromagnetic energy within this particle. For magnetic scatterers, we find that the value of the average internal energy in the resonance picks is much larger than the one associated with a scatterer with the same nonmagnetic medium properties. This result is valid even, and specially, for low size parameter values. Expressions for the contributions of the radial and angular field components to the internal energy are determined. For the analytical study of the weak absorption regime, we derive an exact expression for the absorption cross section in terms of the magnetic Mie internal coefficients. We stress that although the electromagnetic scattering by particles is a well-documented topic, almost no attention has been devoted to magnetic scatterers. Our aim is to provide some new analytical results, which can be used for magnetic particles, and empha- size the unusual properties of the magnetic scatters, which could be important in some applications.

Tiago Jose Arruda; Alexandre Souto Martinez

2010-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

123

Electromagnetic form factors of hadrons  

SciTech Connect

A vector meson dominance model of the electromagnetic form factors of hadrons is developed which is based on the use of unstable particle propagators. Least-square fits are made to the proton, neutron, pion and kaon form factor data in both the space and time-like regions. A good fit to the low-energy nucleon form factor data is obtained using only rho, $omega$, and phi dominance, and leads to a determination of the vector meson resonance parameters in good agreement with experiment. The nucleon-vector meson coupling constants obey simple sum rules indicating that there exists no hard core contribution to the form factors within theoretical uncertainties. The prediction for the electromagnetic radii of the proton is in reasonable agreement with recent experiments. The pion and kaon charge form factors as deduced from the nucleon form factors assuming vector meson universality are compared to the data. The pion form factor agrees with the data in both the space and time-like regions. The pion charge radius is in agreement with the recent Dubna result, but the isovector P-wave pion-pion phase shift calculated from the theory disagrees with experiment. A possible contribution to the form factors from a heavy rho meson is also evaluated. (auth)

Zidell, V.S.

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Category:Ground Electromagnetic Techniques | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ground Electromagnetic Techniques Ground Electromagnetic Techniques Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Geothermalpower.jpg Looking for the Ground Electromagnetic Techniques page? For detailed information on Ground Electromagnetic Techniques, click here. Category:Ground Electromagnetic Techniques Add.png Add a new Ground Electromagnetic Techniques Technique Subcategories This category has the following 2 subcategories, out of 2 total. E [×] Electromagnetic Profiling Techniques‎ 1 pages [+] Electromagnetic Sounding Techniques‎ (1 categories) 2 pages Pages in category "Ground Electromagnetic Techniques" The following 2 pages are in this category, out of 2 total. E Electromagnetic Profiling Techniques Electromagnetic Sounding Techniques Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Category:Ground_Electromagnetic_Techniques&oldid=689834"

125

Narrow field electromagnetic sensor system and method  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A narrow field electromagnetic sensor system and method of sensing a characteristic of an object provide the capability to realize a characteristic of an object such as density, thickness, or presence, for any desired coordinate position on the object. One application is imaging. The sensor can also be used as an obstruction detector or an electronic trip wire with a narrow field without the disadvantages of impaired performance when exposed to dirt, snow, rain, or sunlight. The sensor employs a transmitter for transmitting a sequence of electromagnetic signals in response to a transmit timing signal, a receiver for sampling only the initial direct RF path of the electromagnetic signal while excluding all other electromagnetic signals in response to a receive timing signal, and a signal processor for processing the sampled direct RF path electromagnetic signal and providing an indication of the characteristic of an object. Usually, the electromagnetic signal is a short RF burst and the obstruction must provide a substantially complete eclipse of the direct RF path. By employing time-of-flight techniques, a timing circuit controls the receiver to sample only the initial direct RF path of the electromagnetic signal while not sampling indirect path electromagnetic signals. The sensor system also incorporates circuitry for ultra-wideband spread spectrum operation that reduces interference to and from other RF services while allowing co-location of multiple electronic sensors without the need for frequency assignments. 12 figs.

McEwan, T.E.

1996-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

126

Electromagnetic Transients Program (EMTP) Workbook II  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The complex and versatile EMTP computer program can help utilities analyze electromagnetic transients, which affect the design and operation of power systems. A workbook published in 1986 introduced basic EMTP concepts.To guide advanced users, EPRI and the EMTP Development Coordination Group cosponsored the preparation of three workbooks on complicated program applications.BackgroundStudies of electromagnetic transients were traditionally performed with special ...

1989-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

127

Electromagnetic Transients Program (EMTP) Workbook IV  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The complex and versatile EMTP computer program can help utilities analyze electromagnetic transients, which affect the design and operation of power systems. A workbook published in 1986 introduced basic EMTP concepts. To guide advanced users, EPRI and the EMTP Development Coordination Group cosponsored the preparation of three workbooks on complicated program applications.BackgroundStudies of electromagnetic transients were traditionally performed with special ...

1989-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

128

Electromagnetic Transients Program (EMTP) Workbook III  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The complex and versatile EMTP computer program can help utilities analyze electromagnetic transients, which affect the design and operation of power systems. A workbook published in 1986 introduced basic EMTP concepts.To guide advanced users, EPRI and the EMTP Development Coordination Group cosponsored the preparation of three workbooks on complicated program applications.BackgroundStudies of electromagnetic transients were traditionally performed with special ...

1989-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

129

Healing design: a phenomenological approach to the relation of the physical setting to positive social interaction in pediatric intensive care units in the United States and Turkey  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study examines the impact of the physical setting in the care and healing process of hospitalized children, their families, and the caregivers in two selected pediatric intensive care units (PICUs) in the U.S. and Turkey. A holistic, cross-cultural, comparative, and naturalistic approach emphasized the importance of the total (i.e., physical, social, cultural, spiritual, organizational, political) environment and quality of life to health and healing. Information was gathered through qualitative methods such as participant observations, behavioral maps, in-depth interviews, and floor plan analysis. Despite some universal features of the PICU atmosphere, the value and place ascribed to pediatric critical care in Turkey and the U.S. present different worldviews. Field studies revealed social interaction as a universal healing function despite its cultural specificity stemming from socio-cultural, ethnic, economic, and religious differences between different groups. Crowding, parental absence, and over-stimulation, which stem from the lack of individual patient rooms, and organizational problems related with human resources and staffing shortage play against the critically ill childÂ?s deep need to heal in the Turkish PICU. Despite spatial limitations, informal social interactions and cooperative relationships among caregivers, their devotion, and their ability to adapt to the existing physical and social environment enable care delivery. While staffing shortage continues to be a crucial problem in the U.S. model, specialization of labor and the systemic organization in general support care delivery, reducing the importance of informal social interactions and cooperation among caregivers. However, emphasizing the role of the family in the childÂ?s care, social interaction is also identified as a healing function in this setting. Therefore, despite the significant role the physical setting may play in healing, social interaction is found to be more important for improving patient outcomes and the well-being of families and caregivers. The study focuses on six healing design interventions to increase the chances for positive social interaction and collaboration. These are programmatic (provisional, scale, locational), functional, ambient, symbolic, social and psychological interventions.

Ozcan, Hilal

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Noninvasive valve monitor using alternating electromagnetic field  

SciTech Connect

One or more electrical coils are carefully located on the outside of a valve body. An alternating current passing through the coil(s) results in an alternating electromagnetic field being transmitted into the valve body and valve internals. The electromagnetic field varies in intensity and polarity in the valve. As the position of a valve internal part is changed, the electromagnetic field throughout the valve body and its internals is altered. A passive receiver coil carefully located on the outside of the valve body detects the intensity of the electromagnetic field at that location as an induced electrical voltage in the coil. With the change in position of the valve internal part, there is a corresponding change in the induced voltage as a result of the alteration in the alternating electromagnetic field at that location. Changes in the voltage provide an indication of the position and motion of valve internals.

Eissenberg, David M. (Oak Ridge, TN); Haynes, Howard D. (Knoxville, TN); Casada, Donald A. (Knoxville, TN)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Interference effects in the reradiation of ultrashort electromagnetic pulses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reradiation of a spatially non-uniform ultrashort electromagnetic pulse interacting with the linear chain of multielectron atoms is studied in the framework of sudden perturbation approximation. Angular distributions of the reradiation spectrum for arbitrary number of atoms are obtained. It is shown that interference effects for the photon radiation amplitudes lead to appearing of "diffraction" maximums. The obtained results can be extended to the case of two- and three-dimensional crystal lattices and atomic chains. The approach developed allows also to take into account thermal vibrations of the lattice atoms.

Matveev, V I

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Interference effects in the reradiation of ultrashort electromagnetic pulses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reradiation of a spatially non-uniform ultrashort electromagnetic pulse interacting with the linear chain of multielectron atoms is studied in the framework of sudden perturbation approximation. Angular distributions of the reradiation spectrum for arbitrary number of atoms are obtained. It is shown that interference effects for the photon radiation amplitudes lead to appearing of "diffraction" maximums. The obtained results can be extended to the case of two- and three-dimensional crystal lattices and atomic chains. The approach developed allows also to take into account thermal vibrations of the lattice atoms.

V. I. Matveev; D. U. Matrasulov

2012-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

133

Geometric and Electromagnetic Aspects of Fusion Pore Making  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

For regulated exocytosis, we model the morphology and dynamics of the making of the fusion pore or porosome as a cup-shaped lipoprotein structure (a dimple or pit) on the cytosol side of the plasma membrane. We describe the forming of the dimple by a free boundary problem. We discuss the various forces acting and analyze the magnetic character of the wandering electromagnetic field wave produced by intracellular spatially distributed pulsating (and well observed) release and binding of calcium ions anteceding the bilayer membrane vesicle fusion of exocytosis. Our approach explains the energy efficiency of the observed dimple forming prior to hemifusion and fusion pore, and the observed flickering in secretion. It provides a frame to relate characteristic time length of exocytosis to the frequency, amplitude and direction of propagation of the underlying electromagnetic field wave.

Darya Apushkinskaya; Evgeny Apushkinsky; Bernhelm Booss-Bavnbek; Martin Koch

2009-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

134

Understanding quantum polarized-light interference experiments through electromagnetic energy flow lines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

General expressions to obtain the electromagnetic energy flow lines behind interference gratings are derived in the case where the incident light consists of a polarized monochromatic plane wave. These flow lines show how the electromagnetic energy redistributes in space (behind the grating) until the Fraunhofer regime is reached, thus providing an interpretation based on photon paths for the physics underlying interference phenomena with light. Within this interpretation, one finds that the outcome from a Young's experiment is related in a simple manner to how the electromagnetic energy flux is influenced by the experimental setup, specifically, how the presence of polarizers on each slit and the boundaries imposed by having one or both slits open affect at each time the electromagnetic energy flow, which is directly linked to the Arago-Fresnel laws.

Sanz, A S; Bozic, M; Miret-Artés, S

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Delta and Omega electromagnetic form factors in a Dyson-Schwinger/Bethe-Salpeter approach  

SciTech Connect

We investigate the electromagnetic form factors of the Delta and the Omega baryons within the Poincare-covariant framework of Dyson-Schwinger and Bethe-Salpeter equations. The three-quark core contributions of the form factors are evaluated by employing a quark-diquark approximation. We use a consistent setup for the quark-gluon dressing, the quark-quark bound-state kernel and the quark-photon interaction. Our predictions for the multipole form factors are compatible with available experimental data and quark-model estimates. The current-quark mass evolution of the static electromagnetic properties agrees with results provided by lattice calculations.

Diana Nicmorus, Gernot Eichmann, Reinhard Alkofer

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Airborne Electromagnetic Survey | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Airborne Electromagnetic Survey Airborne Electromagnetic Survey Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Airborne Electromagnetic Survey Details Activities (2) Areas (2) Regions (0) NEPA(1) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Geophysical Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Electrical Techniques Parent Exploration Technique: Electromagnetic Techniques Information Provided by Technique Lithology: provide data on rock type and mineral content Stratigraphic/Structural: Hydrological: can be used to detect changes in density of fluids and indicate if there is salt water intrusion Thermal: Cost Information Low-End Estimate (USD): 48.274,827 centUSD 0.0483 kUSD 4.827e-5 MUSD 4.827e-8 TUSD / mile Median Estimate (USD): 317.3831,738 centUSD 0.317 kUSD

137

Magnesium Metal Matrix Nanocomposites By Electromagnetic ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

EMAT transforms electromagnetic energy into high intensity sonication to induce ... In the current work, the physics of acoustic production, the initial conditions of ... Department of Energy's Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Industrial ...

138

Do you know what an electromagnet is?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Do you know what an electromagnet is? Boy did you come to the right place and ask the right question. Jefferson Lab is magnet central to the world. Several of the world's most...

139

An Acoustic Doppler and Electromagnetic Velocity Profiler  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A freely failing current meter called the Absolute Velocity Profiler (AVP) is described. This profiler is an expansion of a previously developed instrument, the Electro-Magnetic Velocity Profiler (EMVP), with the additional capability of acoustic ...

Thomas B. Sanford; Robert G. Driver; John H. Dunlap

1985-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

SP-100 thermoelectric-electromagnetic pump review  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report contains vugraphs of a presentation on thermoelectric-electromagnetic pumps. It contains: engineering drawings; summary of rectangular TEMP results and comparison with GE predictions; and results of optimization study.

NONE

1988-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interactive electromagnetic relations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP) and the Power Grid  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This document provides background and an introduction to the topic of electromagnetic pulse (EMP, including high-altitude EMP or HEMP) for stakeholders concerned about potential damage to power grid infrastructures.

2013-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

142

Advances in non-planar electromagnetic prototyping  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The advent of metamaterials has introduced new ways to manipulate how electromagnetic waves reflect, refract and radiate in systems where the range of available material properties now includes negative permittivity, ...

Ehrenberg, Isaac M

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Dynamic programming applied to electromagnetic satellite actuation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electromagnetic formation flight (EMFF) is an enabling technology for a number of space mission architectures. While much work has been done for EMFF control for large separation distances, little work has been done for ...

Eslinger, Gregory John

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Electrical wire insulation and electromagnetic coil  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electromagnetic coil for high temperature and high radiation application in which glass is used to insulate the electrical wire. A process for applying the insulation to the wire is disclosed which results in improved insulation properties.

Bich, George J. (Penn Hills, PA); Gupta, Tapan K. (Monroeville, PA)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Electrical, electromagnetic, and magnetotelluric methods | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Electrical, electromagnetic, and magnetotelluric methods Electrical, electromagnetic, and magnetotelluric methods Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Journal Article: Electrical, electromagnetic, and magnetotelluric methods Abstract Application of electrical methods began with Robert W. Fox's 1830 observation of self potentials associated with copper vein deposits in Cornwall. Conrad Schlumberger introduced the direct current equal potential line resistivity method in 1912. Harry W. Conklin received the first patents on the electromagnetic (EM) method in 1917. From these beginnings, the history of the development of the resistivity induced-polarization (IP), magnetotelluric and EM methods are traced to the present time. It is of interest to note that application of electrical methods flourished from

146

Deep electromagnetic sounding in central Nevada  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Sixteen shallow and deep controlled source electromagnetic soundings were performed in Buena Vista Valley, near Winnemucca, Nevada, to investigate an intra-basement conductor previously detected with magnetotellurics. The survey was carried out with the LBL EM-60 system using a remote magnetic reference for low-frequency geomagnetic noise cancellation, 100-m- and 2.8-km-diameter transmitter loops, and a minicomputer for in-field processing. EM soundings were made at distances from 0.5 to 30 km from three loops over the frequency range 0.02 to 500 Hz. Data were interpreted by means of 1-D inversions and the resulting layered models were pieced together to yield an approximate 2-D geoelectric model along the N-S axis of the valley. The EM soundings and one MT sounding show a 3 to 7 ohm-m zone at a depth of four to seven km. The conductor appears to be deepest at the northern end of the valley and shallowest beneath a basement ridge that seems to divide Buena Vista Valley into two basinal structures. Similar intra-basement conductors are also reported 50 to 75 miles south in the Carson Sink-Fallon areas, suggesting a common source, probably related to an anomalously hot, thin crust.

Wilt, M.; Goldstein, N.E.; Haught, J.R.; Morrison, H.F.

1982-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Binary power multiplier for electromagnetic energy  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A technique for converting electromagnetic pulses to higher power amplitude and shorter duration, in binary multiples, splits an input pulse into two channels, and subjects the pulses in the two channels to a number of binary pulse compression operations. Each pulse compression operation entails combining the pulses in both input channels and selectively steering the combined power to one output channel during the leading half of the pulses and to the other output channel during the trailing half of the pulses, and then delaying the pulse in the first output channel by an amount equal to half the initial pulse duration. Apparatus for carrying out each of the binary multiplication operation preferably includes a four-port coupler (such as a 3 dB hybrid), which operates on power inputs at a pair of input ports by directing the combined power to either of a pair of output ports, depending on the relative phase of the inputs. Therefore, by appropriately phase coding the pulses prior to any of the pulse compression stages, the entire pulse compression (with associated binary power multiplication) can be carried out solely with passive elements.

Farkas, Zoltan D. (203 Leland Ave., Menlo Park, CA 94025)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Generating highly uniform electromagnetic field characteristics  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus and method for generating homogenous electromagnetic fields within a volume. The homogeneity provided may be for magnetic and/or electric fields, and for field magnitude, radial gradient, or higher order radial derivative. The invention comprises conductive pathways oriented about a desired region of homogeneity. A corresponding apparatus and method is provided for substantially canceling the electromagnetic field outside of the apparatus, comprising a second set of conductive pathways placed outside the first set.

Crow, James T. (Albuquerque, NM)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Generating highly uniform electromagnetic field characteristics  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus and method for generating homogenous electromagnetic fields within a volume. The homogeneity provided may be for magnetic and/or electric fields, and for field magnitude, radial gradient, or higher order radial derivative. The invention comprises conductive pathways oriented mirror symmetrically about a desired region of homogeneity. A corresponding apparatus and method is provided for substantially canceling the electromagnetic field outside of the apparatus, comprising a second set of conductive pathways placed outside the first set.

Crow, James Terry (Albuquerque, NM)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Generating highly uniform electromagnetic field characteristics  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus and method for generating homogenous electromagnetic fields within a volume. The homogeneity provided may be for magnetic and/or electric fields, and for field magnitude, radial gradient, or higher order radial derivative. The invention comprises conductive pathways oriented mirror symmetrically about a desired region of homogeneity. A corresponding apparatus and method is provided for substantially cancelling the electromagnetic field outside of the apparatus, comprising a second set of conductive pathways placed outside the first set.

Crow, James T. (Albuquerque, NM)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Generating highly uniform electromagnetic field characteristics  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus and method are disclosed for generating homogeneous electromagnetic fields within a volume. The homogeneity provided may be for magnetic and/or electric fields, and for field magnitude, radial gradient, or higher order radial derivative. The invention comprises conductive pathways oriented mirror symmetrically about a desired region of homogeneity. A corresponding apparatus and method is provided for substantially canceling the electromagnetic field outside of the apparatus, comprising a second set of conductive pathways placed outside the first set. 26 figs.

Crow, J.T.

1997-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

152

Generating highly uniform electromagnetic field characteristics  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus and method for generating homogeneous electromagnetic fields within a volume is disclosed. The homogeneity provided may be for magnetic and/or electric fields, and for field magnitude, radial gradient, or higher order radial derivative. The invention comprises conductive pathways oriented mirror symmetrically about a desired region of homogeneity. A corresponding apparatus and method is provided for substantially canceling the electromagnetic field outside of the apparatus, comprising a second set of conductive pathways placed outside the first set. 39 figs.

Crow, J.T.

1998-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

153

Generating highly uniform electromagnetic field characteristics  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus and method are disclosed for generating homogeneous electromagnetic fields within a volume. The homogeneity provided may be for magnetic and/or electric fields, and for field magnitude, radial gradient, or higher order radial derivative. The invention comprises conductive pathways oriented about a desired region of homogeneity. A corresponding apparatus and method is provided for substantially canceling the electromagnetic field outside of the apparatus, comprising a second set of conductive pathways placed outside the first set. 55 figs.

Crow, J.T.

1998-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

154

Electromagnetic fields in cased borehole  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Borehole electromagnetic (EM) measurements, using fiberglass-cased boreholes, have proven useful in oil field reservoir characterization and process monitoring (Wilt et al., 1995). It has been presumed that these measurements would be impossible in steel-cased wells due to the very large EM attenuation and phase shifts. Recent laboratory and field studies have indicated that detection of EM signals through steel casing should be possible at low frequencies, and that these data provide a reasonable conductivity image at a useful scale. Thus, we see an increased application of this technique to mature oilfields, and an immediate extension to geothermal industry as well. Along with the field experiments numerical model studies have been carried out for analyzing the effect of steel casing to the EM fields. The model used to be an infinitely long uniform casing embedded in a homogeneous whole space. Nevertheless, the results indicated that the formation signal could be accurately recovered if the casing characteristics were independently known (Becker et al., 1998; Lee el al., 1998). Real steel-cased wells are much more complex than the simple laboratory models used in work to date. The purpose of this study is to develop efficient numerical methods for analyzing EM fields in realistic settings, and to evaluate the potential application of EM technologies to cross-borehole and single-hole environment for reservoir characterization and monitoring.

Lee, Ki Ha; Kim, Hee Joon; Uchida, Toshihiro

2001-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

155

Casimir interactions of an object inside a spherical metal shell  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the electromagnetic Casimir interactions of an object contained within an otherwise empty, perfectly conducting spherical shell. For a small object we present analytical calculations of the force, which is ...

Zaheer, Saad

156

Electron interference in mesoscopic devices in the presence of nonclassical electromagnetic fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The interaction of mesoscopic interference devices with nonclassical electromagnetic fields is studied. The external quantum fields induce a phase factor on the electric charges. This phase factor, which is a generalization of the standard Aharonov-Bohm phase factor, is in the case of nonclassical electromagnetic fields a quantum mechanical operator. Its expectation value depends on the density matrix describing the nonclassical photons and determines the interference. Several examples are discussed, which show that the quantum noise of the nonclassical photons destroys slightly the electron interference fringes. An interesting application arises in the context of distant electron interference devices, irradiated with entangled photons. In this case the interfering electrons in the two devices become entangled. The same ideas are applied in the context of SQUID rings irradiated with nonclassical electromagnetic fields. It is shown that the statistics of the Cooper pairs tunneling through the Josephson junction depend on the statistics of the photons.

D. I. Tsomokos; C. C. Chong; A. Vourdas

2005-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

157

Low-Frequency Electromagnetic Backscatter from Buried Tunnels  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This progress report is submitted under a contract between the Special Project Office of DARPA and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. The Project Manager at DARPA is Dr. Michael Zatman. Our purpose under this contract is to investigate interactions between electromagnetic waves and a class of buried targets located in multilayered media with rough interfaces. In this report, we investigate three preliminary problems. In each case our specific goal is to understand various aspects of the electromagnetic wave interaction mechanisms with targets in layered media. The first problem, discussed in Section 2, is that of low-frequency electromagnetic backscattering from a tunnel that is cut into a lossy dielectric half-space. In this problem, the interface between the upper (free space) region and the lower (ground) region is smooth. The tunnel is assumed to be a cylindrical free-space region of infinite extent in its axial direction and with a diameter that is small in comparison to the free-space wavelength. Because its diameter is small, the tunnel can be modeled as a buried ''wire'' described by an equivalent impedance per unit length. In Section 3 we extend the analysis to include a statistically rough interface between the air and ground regions. The interface is modeled as a random-phase screen. Such a screen reduces the coherent power in a plane wave that is transmitted through it, scattering some of the total power into an incoherent field. Our analysis of this second problem quantifies the reduction in the coherent power backscattered from the buried tunnel that is caused by the roughness of the air-ground interface. The problem of low-frequency electromagnetic backscattering from two buried tunnels, parallel to each other but at different locations in the ground, is considered in Section 4. In this analysis, we wish to determine the conditions under which the presence of more than one tunnel can be detected via backscattering. Section 5 concludes the report with a summary of the investigations discussed herein and recommendations for future work on problems of this class.

Casey, K; Pao, H

2006-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

158

Modified definition of group velocity and electromagnetic energy conservation equation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The classical definition of group velocity has two flaws: (a) the group velocity can be greater than the phase velocity in a non-dispersive medium; (b) the definition is not consistent with the principle of relativity. To remove the flaws, a modified definition is proposed. A criterion is set up to identify the justification of group velocity definition. A "superluminal power flow" is constructed to show that the electromagnetic energy conservation equation cannot uniquely define the power flow if the principle of Fermat is not taken into account.

Changbiao Wang

2013-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

159

Strong and Electromagnetic J/psi and psi(2S) Decays into Pion and Kaon Pairs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A combined analysis of the electromagnetic pion and kaon form factors in the neighborhood of J/psi and psi(2S) and of the strong decay amplitude of these resonances into kaons is presented. In the presence of a large relative phase between strong and electromagnetic resonance amplitudes the branching ratio, as measured in electron-positron annihilation, receives an additional contribution from the interference between resonance and continuum amplitude neglected in earlier papers. Our study is model independent and does not rely on the SU(3) symmetry assumptions used in earlier papers. We note that the large relative phase between strong and electromagnetic amplitudes observed in earlier analyses is model dependent and relies critically on the specific assumptions on SU(3) symmetry and breaking.

Czyz, Henryk

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Strong and Electromagnetic J/psi and psi(2S) Decays into Pion and Kaon Pairs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A combined analysis of the electromagnetic pion and kaon form factors in the neighborhood of J/psi and psi(2S) and of the strong decay amplitude of these resonances into kaons is presented. In the presence of a large relative phase between strong and electromagnetic resonance amplitudes the branching ratio, as measured in electron-positron annihilation, receives an additional contribution from the interference between resonance and continuum amplitude neglected in earlier papers. Our study is model independent and does not rely on the SU(3) symmetry assumptions used in earlier papers. We note that the large relative phase between strong and electromagnetic amplitudes observed in earlier analyses is model dependent and relies critically on the specific assumptions on SU(3) symmetry and breaking.

Henryk Czyz; Johann H. Kuhn

2009-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

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While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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161

Electromagnetic energy within a magnetic infinite cylinder and scattering properties for oblique incidence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this work we analytically calculate the time-averaged electromagnetic energy stored inside a nondispersive magnetic isotropic cylinder which is obliquely irradiated by an electromagnetic plane wave. An expression for the optical-absorption efficiency in terms of the magnetic internal coefficients is also obtained. In the low absorption limit, we derive a relation between the normalized internal energy and the optical-absorption efficiency which is not affected by the magnetism and the incidence angle. This mentioned relation, indeed, seems to be independent on the shape of the scatterer. This universal aspect of the internal energy is connected to the transport velocity and consequently to the diffusion coefficient in the multiple scattering regime. Magnetism favors high internal energy for low size parameter cylinders, which leads to a low diffusion coefficient for electromagnetic propagation in 2D random media.

Tiago Jose Arruda; Alexandre Souto Martinez

2010-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

162

Electrical, electromagnetic and structural characteristics of carbon nanotube-polymer nanocomposites  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Composites for Electromagnetic Interference Shielding. NanoY. Ma, et al. Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) Shieldingof Bonn). Chung DDL. Electromagnetic interference shielding

Park, Sung-Hoon

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Electromagnetic Interference and the Pacemaker Patient T1-Electromagnetic Interference and the Pacemaker Patient 10/03/03  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

While clinically significant problems with electromagnetic interference (EMI) are rare, a pacemaker’s response to EMI becomes more diverse as technology advances. Pacemaker manufacturers continue to develop interference protection circuitry to keep up with these vast sources of EMI. The pacemaker’s response to EMI is dependent on the characteristics of the EMI, proximity to the interference, available shielding, and the sensing characteristics and polarity of the pacemaker. The pacemaker circuitry is designed to attenuate any interference outside the normal intracardiac range (10 Hz – 100 Hz). This is achieved by using bandpass filters. EMI sources can be broadly classified as galvanic, electromagnetic or magnetic. • Galvanic interference requires direct contact with electrical current. This is most often seen in defibrillation/cardioversion, cautery, TENS units and diathermy. • Electromagnetic or electrically coupled interference does not require direct body contact. This interference is most often seen with arc welders, ham radios, electrical appliances, metal detectors, therapeutic ultrasound and high voltage power lines. • Magnetic interference occurs when a patient comes in close proximity with an intense magnetic field. This is often seen in nuclear magnetic resonance imaging (NMR/MRI) and steel mill induction furnaces. EMI with signal modulation can mimic normal intracardiac signals. When detected, the response to EMI may present itself as a single beat inhibition, total inhibition, noise reversion/asynchronous pacing, rate increase, erratic pacing, or no output. These responses are usually temporary, but can be permanent if the pulse generator circuitry is damaged. A pacemaker’s response to EMI is highly dependent on the specific EMI source, the pacemaker’s mode, and sensing polarity. Included is a list that details the interaction of commonly encountered pacemaker EMI sources. Accompanying this list is a summary table of these sources and reported associated pacemaker responses.

Rev A

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Kaon Electromagnetic Production on Nuclei  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The formation and excitation of hypernuclei through kaon photoproduction is reviewed. Basic features of the production process are emphasized. The possibility of extracting new information on hypernuclear structure and on the wave function of the bound $\\Lambda$ is discussed. New results are presented for the quasifree production process $A(\\gamma, K \\Lambda)B$. Observables of this reaction are shown to be sensitive to the $\\Lambda$-nucleus final state interaction.

C. Bennhold; F. X. Lee; T. Mart; L. E. Wright

1997-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

165

Electromagnetic Isotope Separation Lab (EMIS) | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electromagnetic Isotope Separation Lab Electromagnetic Isotope Separation Lab May 30, 2013 ORNL established the Stable Isotope Enrichment Laboratory (SIEL) as part of a project funded by the DOE Office of Science, Nuclear Physics Program to develop a modernized electromagnetic isotope separator (EMIS), optimized for separation of a wide range of stable isotopes. The SIEL is located in the Building 6010 Shield Test Station, space formerly allocated to the Oak Ridge Electron Linear Accelerator, on the main campus of ORNL. ORNL staff have designed and built a nominal 10 mA ion current EMIS (sum of all isotopes at the collector) in the SIEL. This EMIS is currently being tested to determine basic performance metrics such as throughput and enrichment factor per pass. This EMIS unit and space will be used to

166

NATIONAL CARBON SEQUESTRATION DATABASE AND GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM (NATCARB) FORMER TITLE-MIDCONTINENT INTERACTIVE DIGITAL CARBON ATLAS AND RELATIONAL DATABASE (MIDCARB)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This annual report describes progress in the third year of the three-year project entitled ''Midcontinent Interactive Digital Carbon Atlas and Relational Database (MIDCARB)''. The project assembled a consortium of five states (Indiana, Illinois, Kansas, Kentucky and Ohio) to construct an online distributed Relational Database Management System (RDBMS) and Geographic Information System (GIS) covering aspects of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) geologic sequestration (http://www.midcarb.org). The system links the five states in the consortium into a coordinated regional database system consisting of datasets useful to industry, regulators and the public. The project has been extended and expanded as a ''NATional CARBon Sequestration Database and Geographic Information System (NATCARB)'' to provide national coverage across the Regional CO{sub 2} Partnerships, which currently cover 40 states (http://www.natcarb.org). Advanced distributed computing solutions link database servers across the five states and other publicly accessible servers (e.g., USGS) into a single system where data is maintained and enhanced at the local level but is accessed and assembled through a single Web portal and can be queried, assembled, analyzed and displayed. This project has improved the flow of data across servers and increased the amount and quality of available digital data. The online tools used in the project have improved in stability and speed in order to provide real-time display and analysis of CO{sub 2} sequestration data. The move away from direct database access to web access through eXtensible Markup Language (XML) has increased stability and security while decreasing management overhead. The MIDCARB viewer has been simplified to provide improved display and organization of the more than 125 layers and data tables that have been generated as part of the project. The MIDCARB project is a functional demonstration of distributed management of data systems that cross the boundaries between institutions and geographic areas. The MIDCARB system addresses CO{sub 2} sequestration and other natural resource issues from sources, sinks and transportation within a spatial database that can be queried online. Visualization of high quality and current data can assist decision makers by providing access to common sets of high quality data in a consistent manner.

Timothy R. Carr

2004-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

167

Category:Electromagnetic Profiling Techniques | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Category Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Category:Electromagnetic Profiling Techniques Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Geothermalpower.jpg Looking for the Electromagnetic Profiling Techniques page? For detailed information on Electromagnetic Profiling Techniques, click here. Category:Electromagnetic Profiling Techniques Add.png Add a new Electromagnetic Profiling Techniques Technique Pages in category "Electromagnetic Profiling Techniques" This category contains only the following page. F Frequency-Domain Electromagnetic Survey Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Category:Electromagnetic_Profiling_Techniques&oldid=689835"

168

Electromagnetic and Hadron Calorimeters in the MIPP Experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of the MIPP experiment is to study the inclusive production of photons, pions, kaons and nucleons in pi, K and p interactions on various targets using beams from the Main Injector at Fermilab. The function of the calorimeters is to measure the production of forward-going neutrons and photons. The electromagnetic calorimeter consist of 10 lead plates interspersed with proportional chambers. It was followed by the hadron calorimeter with 64 steel plates interspersed with scintillator. The data presented were collected with a variety of targets and beam momenta from 5 GeV/c to 120 GeV/c. The energy calibration of both calorimeters with electrons, pions, kaons, and protons is discussed. The resolution for electrons was found to be 0.27/sqrt(E), and for hadrons the resolution was 0.554/sqrt(E) with a constant term of 2.6%. The performance of the calorimeters was tested on a neutron sample.

T. S. Nigmanov; H. R. Gustafson; M. J. Longo; H. K. Park; D. Rajaram; C. Dukes; L. C. Lu; C. Materniak; K. Nelson; A. Norman; H. Meyer; A. Lebedev; S. Seun; N. Graf; J. M. Paley; G. Aydin; Y. Gunaydin; D. E. Miller

2009-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

169

Topology optimization for the design of periodic microstructures composed of electromagnetic materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electromagnetic structures that incorporate certain structural periodicities are known to display special behavior when subjected to electromagnetic waves, and can be designed to have specific functions such as inhibiting the intrusion of electromagnetic ... Keywords: Electromagnetic field, Periodic boundary, Topology optimization

Tsuyoshi Nomura; Shinji Nishiwaki; Kazuo Sato; Koichi Hirayama

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Electromagnetic field of the large power cables and impact on the human health  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this work we survey our research on domain decomposition and related algorithms for large power electric cables and the impact on the human health. The equations that describe the behaviour of the fields in electromagnetic devices are coupled because ... Keywords: bioheat equation, coupled fields, electrical cables, finite element method

Daniela Cârstea

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Low frequency electrostatic and electromagnetic modes in nonuniform cold quantum plasmas  

SciTech Connect

The low frequency electrostatic and electromagnetic linear modes in a nonuniform cold quantum electron-ion plasma are studied. The effect of stationary dust on an electrostatic mode is also investigated. The quantum corrections in the linear dispersion relations of a cold dense plasma are presented with possible applications.

Saleem, H.; Ahmad, Ali [Theoretical Plasma Physics Division, Pakistan Institute of Nuclear Science and Technology (PINSTECH), Islamabad (Pakistan); Department of Physics, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology (CIIT), Islamabad (Pakistan); Khan, S. A. [Department of Physics, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology (CIIT), Islamabad (Pakistan); Department of Physics, Government College Bagh AJK (Pakistan)

2008-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

172

Magnetic field effect on stimulated Raman scattering of electromagnetic waves from nanoparticle lattice  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The influence of a static magnetic field on the Raman scattering of a millimeter pump wave propagating through periodic nanoparticles is studied. Formulas for the growth rate of the scattered electromagnetic wave and the electrostatic wave are derived and analyzed. It is found that the growth rate for the backscattering case is larger than that of forward scattering and the growth rate is increased by the static magnetic field. A resonance in the dispersion relation of the electromagnetic wave is found as a combination of the cyclotron and plasma frequency. However, no instability was found for this lower branch of the dispersion curve.

Chakhmachi, A. [Plasma Physics and Nuclear Fusion Research School, Nuclear Science and Technology Research Institute, P.O. Box 14155-1339, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Maraghechi, B. [Department of Physics, Amirkabir University of Technology, P.O. Box 15875-4413, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2011-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

173

Exact microscopic theory of electromagnetic heat transfer between a dielectric sphere and plate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Near-field electromagnetic heat transfer holds great potential for the advancement of nanotechnology. Whereas far-field electromagnetic heat transfer is constrained by Planck's blackbody limit, the increased density of states in the near-field enhances heat transfer rates by orders of magnitude relative to the conventional limit. Such enhancement opens new possibilities in numerous applications, including thermal-photo-voltaics, nano-patterning, and imaging. The advancement in this area, however, has been hampered by the lack of rigorous theoretical treatment, especially for geometries that are of direct experimental relevance. Here we introduce an efficient computational strategy, and present the first rigorous calculation of electromagnetic heat transfer in a sphere-plate geometry, the only geometry where transfer rate beyond blackbody limit has been quantitatively probed at room temperature. Our approach results in a definitive picture unifying various approximations previously used to treat this problem, and provides new physical insights for designing experiments aiming to explore enhanced thermal transfer.

Clayton Otey; Shanhui Fan

2011-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

174

Electromagnetic Wellbore Heating Ibrahim Agyemang1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. temperature from the heat sources in any EMIT regions. Parts i) and ii) result in a second order ODE is inversely proportional to the velocity. Fluid that moves slowly past an EMIT region will absorb more heatChapter 5 Electromagnetic Wellbore Heating Ibrahim Agyemang1 , Matthew Bolton2 , Lloyd Bridge2

Bohun, C. Sean

175

A Simple Method for Generating Electromagnetic Oscillations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a novel approach to the generation of electromagnetic oscillations by means of a low-frequency pumping of two coupled linear oscillators. A theory of such generation mechanism is proposed, and its feasibility is demonstrated by using coupled RLC oscillators. A comparison of the theoretical results and the experimental data is presented.

Vyacheslav Buts; Dmitriy Vavriv; Oleg Nechayev; Dmitriy Tarasov

2013-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

176

Build A Stronger Electromagnet Project Overview  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

this activity? 5. How did various sub-populations of students perform? Consider factors such as gender, race Electromagnet Sunshine State Standards Middle School: · The student recognizes that energy may be changed: · The student recognizes that energy may be changed in form with varying efficiency. (SC.B.1.4) · The student

Weston, Ken

177

Problems in electromagnetic mass-difference calculations  

SciTech Connect

A brief discussion is given on the progress made thus far in calculating the electromagnetic mass differences of elementary particles. Some of the methods discussed include Feynman's method, Cottinghams method, the methods involving Bjorken scaling iunctions, and the formalism of Dashen and Frautschi. (LBS)

Majumdar, D.P.

1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Televisions, video privacy, and powerline electromagnetic interference  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We conduct an extensive study of information leakage over the powerline infrastructure from eight televisions (TVs) spanning multiple makes, models, and underlying technologies. In addition to being of scientific interest, our findings contribute to ... Keywords: electromagnetic interference, information leakage, powerline security

Miro Enev; Sidhant Gupta; Tadayoshi Kohno; Shwetak N. Patel

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Information Leakage via Electromagnetic Emanation and Effectiveness of Averaging Technique  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is well known that there is relationship between electromagnetic emanation and processing information in IT devices such as personal computers and smart cards. In this paper, we show how to estimate amount of information that is leaked as electromagnetic ... Keywords: Tempest, Channel capacity, electromagnetic emanation, averaging technique

Hidema Tanaka

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Phenomenological Model of Current Sheet Canting in Pulsed Electromagnetic Accelerators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Phenomenological Model of Current Sheet Canting in Pulsed Electromagnetic Accelerators T of current sheet canting in pulsed electromagnetic accelerators is the departure of the plasma sheet (that - canting angle [degrees] 5 - plasma frequency [rad/s] 1 Introduction Pulsed electromagnetic accelerators

Choueiri, Edgar

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interactive electromagnetic relations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Measurements of current sheet canting in a pulsed electromagnetic accelerator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Measurements of current sheet canting in a pulsed electromagnetic accelerator T. E. Markusic, E. Y canting in pulsed electromagnetic accelerators is the departure of the plasma sheet (that carries in an experimental pulsed electromagnetic accelerator, using a variety of propellants and pressure levels

Choueiri, Edgar

182

U.S ITER : electromagnetic analysis of transient forces due to disrupted plasma currents on the ITER shield modules.  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the electromagnetic analysis that has been completed using the OPERA-3d product to characterize the forces on the ITER shield modules as part of the conceptual design. These forces exist due to the interaction of the eddy currents induced in the shield modules and the large magnetic fields present in the tokamak.

Kotulski, Joseph Daniel; Coats, Rebecca Sue; Pasik, Michael Francis

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Theoretical studies of some nonlinear laser-plasma interactions  

SciTech Connect

The nonlinear coupling of intense, monochromatic, electromagnetic radiation with plasma is considered in a number of special cases. The first part of the thesis serves as an introduction to three-wave interactions. A general formulation of the stimulated scattering of transverse waves by longitudinal modes in a warm, unmagnetized, uniform plasma is constructed. A general dispersion relation is derived that describes Raman and Brillouin scattering, modulational instability, and induced Thomson scattering. Raman scattering (the scattering of a photon into another photon and an electron plasma wave) is investigated as a possible plasma heating scheme. Analytic theory complemented by computer simulation is presented describing the nonlinear mode coupling of laser light with small and large amplitude, resonantly excited electron plasma waves. The simulated scattering of a coherent electromagnetic wave by low frequency density perturbations in homogeneous plasma is discussed. A composite picture of the linear dispersion relations for filamentation and Brillouin scattering is constructed. The absolute instability of Brillouin weak and strong coupling by analytic and numerical means is described. (auth)

Cohen, B.I.

1975-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

184

Electromagnetic Forces and Fields in a Rotating Reference Frame  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Maxwell’s equations and the equations governing charged particle dynamics are presented for a rotating coordinate system with the global time coordinate of an observer on the rotational axis. Special care is taken in defining the relevant entities in these equations. Ambiguities in the definitions of the electromagnetic fields are pointed out, and in fact are shown to be essential in such a system of coordinates. The Lorentz force is found to have an extra term in this frame, which has its origins in relativistic mass. A related term in the energy equation, which allows inertia to be gained even during strict corotation, suggests ways existing pulsar magnetosphere models may be modified to match observed ‘braking indices ’ more closely. Subject headings: magnetic fields — relativity — pulsars: general – 3 –

Paul N. Arendt

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Definition: Time-Domain Electromagnetics | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Time-Domain Electromagnetics Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Time-Domain Electromagnetics Time-domain electromagnetic (TDEM) surveys are active-source soundings which provide information about the electrical structure of the shallow subsurface.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Transient electromagnetics, (also time-domain electromagnetics / TDEM), is a geophysical exploration technique in which electric and magnetic fields are induced by transient pulses of electric current and the subsequent decay response measured. TEM / TDEM methods are generally able to determine subsurface electrical properties, but are also sensitive to subsurface magnetic properties in applications like UXO detection and

186

Electromagnetic field radiation model for lightning strokes to tall structures  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes observation and analysis of electromagnetic field radiation from lightning strokes to tall structures. Electromagnetic field waveforms and current waveforms of lightning strokes to the CN Tower have been simultaneously measured since 1991. A new calculation model of electromagnetic field radiation is proposed. The proposed model consists of the lightning current propagation and distribution model and the electromagnetic field radiation model. Electromagnetic fields calculated by the proposed model, based on the observed lightning current at the CN Tower, agree well with the observed fields at 2km north of the tower.

Motoyama, H. [CRIEPI, Tokyo (Japan); Janischewskyj, W.; Hussein, A.M. [Univ. of Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Chisholm, W.A. [Ontario Hydro Technologies, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Chang, J.S. [McMaster Univ., Hamilton, Ontario (Canada); Rusan, R.

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

On the Time Reversal Invariance of Classical Electromagnetic Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

David Albert claims that classical electromagnetic theory is not time reversal invariant. He acknowledges that all physics books say that it is, but claims they are "simply wrong" because they rely on an incorrect account of how the time reversal operator acts on magnetic fields. On that account, electric fields are left intact by the operator, but magnetic fields are inverted. Albert sees no reason for the asymmetric treatment, and insists that neither field should be inverted. I argue, to the contrary, that the inversion of magnetic fields makes good sense and is, in fact, forced by elementary geometric considerations. I also suggest a way of thinking about the time reversal invariance of classical electromagnetic theory -- one that makes use of the invariant four-dimensional formulation of the theory -- that makes no reference to magnetic fields at all. It is my hope that it will be of interest in its own right, Albert aside. It has the advantage that it allows for arbitrary curvature in the background spacetime structure, and is therefore suitable for the framework of general relativity. The only assumption one needs is temporal orientability.

David B. Malament

2003-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

188

Analysis Of Factors Affecting Natural Source Slf Electromagnetic  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Factors Affecting Natural Source Slf Electromagnetic Factors Affecting Natural Source Slf Electromagnetic Exploration At Geothermal Wells Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Analysis Of Factors Affecting Natural Source Slf Electromagnetic Exploration At Geothermal Wells Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: The Super Low Frequency (SLF) electromagnetic exploration was performed by using a nature source SLF electromagnetic detector at two geothermal wells in Peking University. The data of the SLF electromagnetic exploration at well JR-119 and JR-168 were obtained with the observation of continued five days and four times per day at well JR-119 and of one day at well JR-168. Based on these data, the influencing factors of the SI-F electromagnetic exploration were analyzed, which included the relationship

189

Radiative Reactions and Coherence Modeling in the High Altitude Electromagnetic Pulse  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A high altitude nuclear electromagnetic pulse (EMP) with a peak field intensity of 5 x 10^4 V/m carries momentum that results in a retarding force on the average Compton electron (radiating coherently to produce the waveform) with magnitude near that of the geomagnetic force responsible for the coherent radiation. The retarding force results from a self field effect. The Compton electron interaction with the self generated magnetic field due to the other electrons accounts for the momentum density in the propagating wave; interaction with the self generated electric field accounts for the energy flux density in the propagating wave. Coherent addition of radiation is also quantitatively modeled.

Charles N. Vittitoe; Mario Rabinowitz

2003-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

190

Recoil Polarization Measurements of the Proton Electromagnetic Form Factor Ratio to Q^2 = 8.5 GeV^2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Among the most fundamental observables of nucleon structure, electromagnetic form factors are a crucial benchmark for modern calculations describing the strong interaction dynamics of the nucleon's quark constituents; indeed, recent proton data have attracted intense theoretical interest. In this letter, we report new measurements of the proton electromagnetic form factor ratio using the recoil polarization method, at momentum transfers Q2=5.2, 6.7, and 8.5 GeV2. By extending the range of Q2 for which GEp is accurately determined by more than 50%, these measurements will provide significant constraints on models of nucleon structure in the non-perturbative regime.

A. J. R. Puckett; E. J. Brash; M. K. Jones; W. Luo; M. Meziane; L. Pentchev; C. F. Perdrisat; V. Punjabi; F. R. Wesselmann; A. Ahmidouch; I. Albayrak; K. A. Aniol; J. Arrington; A. Asaturyan; H. Baghdasaryan; F. Benmokhtar; W. Bertozzi; L. Bimbot; P. Bosted; W. Boeglin; C. Butuceanu; P. Carter; S. Chernenko; E. Christy; M. Commisso; J. C. Cornejo; S. Covrig; S. Danagoulian; A. Daniel; A. Davidenko; D. Day; S. Dhamija; D. Dutta; R. Ent; S. Frullani; H. Fenker; E. Frlez; F. Garibaldi; D. Gaskell; S. Gilad; R. Gilman; Y. Goncharenko; K. Hafidi; D. Hamilton; D. W. Higinbotham; W. Hinton; T. Horn; B. Hu; J. Huang; G. M. Huber; E. Jensen; C. Keppel; M. Khandaker; P. King; D. Kirillov; M. Kohl; V. Kravtsov; G. Kumbartzki; Y. Li; V. Mamyan; D. J. Margaziotis; A. Marsh; Y. Matulenko; J. Maxwell; G. Mbianda; D. Meekins; Y. Melnik; J. Miller; A. Mkrtchyan; H. Mkrtchyan; B. Moffit; O. Moreno; J. Mulholland; A. Narayan; S. Nedev; Nuruzzaman; E. Piasetzky; W. Pierce; N. M. Piskunov; Y. Prok; R. D. Ransome; D. S. Razin; P. Reimer; J. Reinhold; O. Rondon; M. Shabestari; A. Shahinyan; K. Shestermanov; S. Sirca; I. Sitnik; L. Smykov; G. Smith; L. Solovyev; P. Solvignon; R. Subedi; E. Tomasi-Gustafsson; A. Vasiliev; M. Veilleux; B. B. Wojtsekhowski; S. Wood; Z. Ye; Y. Zanevsky; X. Zhang; Y. Zhang; X. Zheng; L. Zhu

2010-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

191

Aharonov-Bohm effect, local field interaction, and Lorentz invariance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aharonov-Bohm (AB) effect [1,2], known as a milestone in our understanding of electromagnetic interactions, describes a quantum interference of a charged particle moving under the influence of a potential. In sharp contrast with classical theory of electrodynamics, AB effect qualifies potential as a physical reality, rather than as a mere mathematical tool, because the interference is affected by a potential even when a charged particle moves in a field-free region. Aharonov-Casher (AC) effect [3], dual to the AB phenomenon, shows a phase shift of a fluxon moving around a charge (in two-dimensional case). It has been shown that AC effect is also free of force [4,5], but standard view draws a clear distinction between the two phenomena in that the fluxon moves under a nonvanishing field generated by the charge in the case of AC effect [6]. Despite the fact that the observable phenomena depend only on the relative motion of a charge and a fluxon, a unified picture, fully consistent with the principle of relativity, is lacking. Here, we provide a unified theory which resolves the question of relativity, based on a Lorentz-invariant field-interaction between a charge and a localized flux. The AB effect can be understood in this fully relativistic viewpoint. The AB phase shift is derived from the Lorentz-covariant interaction Lagrangian, and the force-free nature of the effect is also confirmed.

Kicheon Kang

2013-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

192

Coherent spin control by electromagnetic vacuum fluctuations  

SciTech Connect

In coherent control, electromagnetic vacuum fluctuations usually cause coherence loss through irreversible spontaneous emission. However, since the dissipation via emission is essentially due to correlation of the fluctuations, when emission ends in a superposition of multiple final states, correlation between different pathways may build up if the 'which way' information is not fully resolved (i.e., the emission spectrum is broader than the transition energy range). Such correlation can be exploited for spin-flip control in a {Lambda}-type three-level system, which manifests itself as an all-optical spin echo in nonlinear optics with two orders of optical fields saved as compared with stimulated Raman processes. This finding represents a class of optical nonlinearity induced by electromagnetic vacuum fluctuations.

Wang Jing [Department of Physics, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, N.T. (Hong Kong); Department of Physics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China); Liu Renbao [Department of Physics, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, N.T. (Hong Kong); Zhu Bangfen [Department of Physics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China); Institute of Advanced Study, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China); Sham, L. J. [Department of Physics, University of California-San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093-0319 (United States); Steel, D. G. [H. M. Randall Laboratory of Physics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States)

2011-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

193

Electromagnetic radiation absorbers and modulators comprising polyaniline  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A composition for absorbing electromagnetic radiation, wherein said electromagnetic radiation possesses a wavelength generally in the range of from about 1000 Angstroms to about 50 meters, wherein said composition comprises a polyaniline composition of the formula ##STR1## where y can be equal to or greater than zero, and R.sup.1 and R.sup.2 are independently selected from the group containing of H, --OCH.sub.3, --CH.sub.3, --F, --Cl, --Br, --I, NR.sup.3 .sub.2, --NHCOR.sup.3, --OH, --O.sup.-, SR.sup.3, --OCOR.sup.3, --NO.sub.2, --COOH, --COOR.sup.3, --COR.sup.3, --CHO, and --CN, where R.sup.3 is a C.sub.1 to C.sub.8 alkyl, aryl or aralkyl group.

Epstein, Arthur J. (Bexley, OH); Ginder, John M. (Columbus, OH); Roe, Mitchell G. (Columbus, OH); Hajiseyedjavadi, Hamid (Columbus, OH)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Fluidic electrodynamics: Approach to electromagnetic propulsion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report on a new methodological approach to electrodynamics based on a fluidic viewpoint. We develop a systematic approach establishing analogies between physical magnitudes and isomorphism (structure-preserving mappings) between systems of equations. This methodological approach allows us to give a general expression for the hydromotive force, thus re-obtaining the Navier-Stokes equation departing from the appropriate electromotive force. From this ground we offer a fluidic approach to different kinds of issues with interest in propulsion, e.g., the force exerted by a charged particle on a body carrying current; the magnetic force between two parallel currents; the Magnus's force. It is shown how the intermingle between the fluid vector fields and electromagnetic fields leads to new insights on their dynamics. The new concepts introduced in this work suggest possible applications to electromagnetic (EM) propulsion devices and the mastery of the principles of producing electric fields of required configuration in plasma medium.

Martins, Alexandre A.; Pinheiro, Mario J. [Institute for Plasmas and Nuclear Fusion and Instituto Superior Tecnico Lisboa, Portugal 351.1.21.841.92.43 (Portugal); Department of Physics and Institute for Plasmas and Nuclear Fusion and Instituto Superior Tecnico Lisboa, Portugal 351.1.21.841.93.22 (Portugal)

2009-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

195

Electromagnetic Casimir Forces in Elliptic Cylinder Geometries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The scattering theory approach makes it possible to carry out exact calculations of Casimir energies in any geometry for which the scattering T-matrix and a partial wave expansion of the free Green's function are available. We implement this program for the case of a perfectly conducting elliptic cylinder, thereby completing the set of geometries where electromagnetic scattering is separable. Particular emphasis is placed on the case of zero radius, where the elliptic cylinder reduces to a strip.

Noah Graham

2013-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

196

Power System and Railroad Electromagnetic Compatibility Handbook  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This book is a source of technology and data for preventing and mitigating ac electrical interference problems on railroads. All aspects of electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) where railroad systems are the receptors are examined. This includes well-understood areas such as magnetic induction from transmission lines as well as less understood areas such as conducted interference from distribution systems and effects of harmonics. Chapters examine all known effects of ac interference, including personnel ...

2006-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

197

Electromagnetic Interference Emission Measurements Near FACTS Devices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The expanded application of flexible AC transmission system (FACTS) technology to electric transmission and distribution systems frequently provides the best means of ensuring the needed levels of capacity and reliability. This final report provides a detailed look at the electromagnetic emissions from three tested FACTS systems. The report provides equipment immunity requirements from several potentially applicable standards, along with immunity data for nationwide differential global positioning system...

2003-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

198

Electromagnetic Interference Emission Measurements Near FACTS Devices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The expanded application of flexible AC transmission system (FACTS) technology to the electric transmission and distribution systems frequently provides the best means of insuring the needed levels of capacity and reliability. This interim report provides a detailed look at the electromagnetic emissions from the first two FACTS systems tested. Equipment immunity requirements from several potentially applicable standards are provided along with immunity data for nationwide differential global positioning ...

2002-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

199

Electromagnetic Modelling of Superconducting Sensor Designs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DEPARTMENT OF MATERIALS SCIENCE AND METALLURGY Electromagnetic Modelling of Superconducting Sensor Designs Guido Gerra Clare Hall, University of Cambridge 1 Preface The present dissertation has been submitted... and for all the moments they have shared with me. 4 Abstract The problem of design optimisation of thin film direct current Superconducting QUantum Interference Device (SQUID) magnetometers made of YBCO (YBa2Cu3O7-x) was considered. The inductances...

Gerra, Guido

200

Velocity damper for electromagnetically levitated materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system for damping oscillatory and spinning motions induced in an electromagnetically levitated material. Two opposed field magnets are located orthogonally to the existing levitation coils for providing a DC quadrupole field (cusp field) around the material. The material used for generating the DC quadrupole field must be nonconducting to avoid eddy-current heating and of low magnetic permeability to avoid distorting the induction fields providing the levitation.

Fox, R.J.

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interactive electromagnetic relations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Velocity damper for electromagnetically levitated materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system for damping oscillatory and spinning motions induced in an electromagnetically levitated material is disclosed. Two opposed field magnets are located orthogonally to the existing levitation coils for providing a DC quadrupole field (cusp field) around the material. The material used for generating the DC quadrupole field must be nonconducting to avoid eddy-current heating and of low magnetic permeability to avoid distorting the induction fields providing the levitation. 1 fig.

Fox, R.J.

1994-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

202

Fundamental Symmetries and Interactions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In nuclear physics numerous possibilities exist to investigate fundamental symmetries and interactions. In particular, the precise measurements of properties of fundamental fermions, searches for new interactions in ?-decays, and violations of discrete symmeties offer possibilities to search for physics beyond standard theory. Precise measurements of fundamental constants can be carried out. Low energy experiments allow to probe New Physics at mass scales far beyond the reach of present accelerators or such planned for the future and at which predicted new particles could be produced directly. 1. Fundamental Forces and Symmetries Symmetries play an important and crucial role in physics. Global symmetries give rise to conservation laws and local symmetries yield forces [ 1]. To date we know four fundamental interactions: (i) Electromagnetism, (ii) Weak Interactions, (iii) Strong Interactions, and (iv) Gravitation. These four forces are fundamental in the sense that all observed dynamical processes in physics can be traced back to one or a combination of them. Together with fundamental symmetries they from a framework on which all physical descriptions ultimately rest.

Klaus P. Jungmann A; Kernfysisch Versneller Instituut

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Assessment and Mitigation of Diagnostic-Generated Electromagnetic Interference at the National Ignition Facility  

SciTech Connect

Electromagnetic interference (EMI) is an ever-present challenge at laser facilities such as the National Ignition Facility (NIF). The major source of EMI at such facilities is laser-target interaction that can generate intense electromagnetic fields within, and outside of, the laser target chamber. In addition, the diagnostics themselves can be a source of EMI, even interfering with themselves. In this paper we describe EMI generated by ARIANE and DIXI, present measurements, and discuss effects of the diagnostic-generated EMI on ARIANE's CCD and on a PMT nearby DIXI. Finally we present some of the efforts we have made to mitigate the effects of diagnostic-generated EMI on NIF diagnostics.

Brown, C G; Ayers, M J; Felker, B; Ferguson, W; Holder, J P; Nagel, S R; Piston, K W; Simanovskaia, N; Throop, A L; Chung, M; Hilsabeck, T

2012-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

204

Low frequency electromagnetic oscillations in dense degenerate electron-positron pair plasma, with and without ions  

SciTech Connect

Quantum plasma oscillations are studied in a strongly magnetized, ultra-dense plasma with degenerate electrons and positrons. The dispersive role of electron and positron quantum effects on low frequency (in comparison to electron cyclotron frequency) shear electromagnetic wave is investigated by employing hydrodynamic formulation. In the presence of ions, the density balance changes, and the electromagnetic wave (with frequency lower than the ion cyclotron frequency) is shown to couple with electrostatic ion mode under certain conditions. For such low frequency waves, it is also seen that the contribution of electron and positron degeneracy pressure is dominant as compared to their diffraction effects. The results are analyzed numerically for illustrative purpose pointing out their relevance to the dense laboratory (e.g., super-intense laser-dense matter interactions) and astrophysical plasmas.

Khan, S. A. [National Centre for Physics, Quaid-i-Azam University Campus, Islamabad 45320 (Pakistan); Ayub, M. K. [National Centre for Physics, Quaid-i-Azam University Campus, Islamabad 45320 (Pakistan); Theoretical Plasma Physics Division, PINSTECH, P. O. Nilore, Islamabad (Pakistan); Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), Pohang, Gyunbuk 790-784 (Korea, Republic of); Ahmad, Ali [National Centre for Physics, Quaid-i-Azam University Campus, Islamabad 45320 (Pakistan); Theoretical Plasma Physics Division, PINSTECH, P. O. Nilore, Islamabad (Pakistan); Department of Physics, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Islamabad 44000 (Pakistan)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

205

Definition: Frequency-Domain Electromagnetics Survey | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Frequency-Domain Electromagnetics Survey Frequency-Domain Electromagnetics Survey Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Frequency-Domain Electromagnetics Survey Frequency-domain electromagnetic techniques are continuous wave field methods which enable the mapping of the electrical conductivity of the subsurface through electromagnetic induction.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Electromagnetic induction is the production of a potential difference (voltage) across a conductor when it is exposed to a varying magnetic field. Michael Faraday is generally credited with the discovery of induction in 1831 though it may have been anticipated by the work of Francesco Zantedeschi in 1829. Around 1830 to 1832, Joseph Henry made a similar discovery, but did not publish his findings until later. Faraday's

206

Electromagnetic gearing applications in hybrid-electric vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis, the operation of electric machines as three port devices is studied in detail. Electric machines used in this manner are referred to as electromagnetic gears in this research. All possible steady-state operating modes of these three-port devices have been explained in this thesis. Mathematical models for operating a switched reluctance machine and a separately excited dc machine as electromagnetic gears have been derived. These models have been used for simulating the performance of electromagnetic gears under various operating conditions. Electromagnetic gears can be used in hybrid electric propulsion systems as power sharing devices. This thesis explains the detailed operation of a new hybrid propulsion system utilizing electromagnetic gears. This propulsion system was proposed by Dr. M. Ehsani and has been named the "Transmotor Hybrid". The limitation of this propulsion system has also been explained in this thesis. The application of electromagnetic gears in hybrid propulsion systems has been described in detail in this research.

Sodhi, Sameer

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

The interacting boson model with SU(3) charge symmetry and its application to even-even N $\\approx$ Z nuclei  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The isospin-invariant interacting boson model IBM-3 is analyzed in situations where $SU_T(3)$ charge symmetry [or, equivalently, $U_L(6)$ $sd$ symmetry] is conserved. Analytic expressions for energies, electromagnetic transitions, two-nucleon transfer probabilities, and boson-number expectation values are obtained for the three possible dynamical symmetry limits, U(5), SU(3), and O(6). Results found in IBM-3 are related to corresponding ones in IBM-1 and IBM-2. Numerical calculations are presented for $f_{7/2}$-shell nuclei and some features that distinguish IBM-3 from its predecessors IBM-1 and IBM-2 are pointed out.

García-Ramos, J E

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

The interacting boson model with SU(3) charge symmetry and its application to even--even N $\\approx$ Z nuclei  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The isospin-invariant interacting boson model IBM-3 is analyzed in situations where $SU_T(3)$ charge symmetry [or, equivalently, $U_L(6)$ $sd$ symmetry] is conserved. Analytic expressions for energies, electromagnetic transitions, two-nucleon transfer probabilities, and boson-number expectation values are obtained for the three possible dynamical symmetry limits, U(5), SU(3), and O(6). Results found in IBM-3 are related to corresponding ones in IBM-1 and IBM-2. Numerical calculations are presented for $f_{7/2}$-shell nuclei and some features that distinguish IBM-3 from its predecessors IBM-1 and IBM-2 are pointed out.

J. E. Garcia--Ramos; P. Van Isacker

1998-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

209

Overview Of Electromagnetic Methods Applied In Active Volcanic...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

in Colorado. For one example - Mt. Konocti in the Mayacamas Mountains, California - gravity, magnetic, and seismic, as well as electromagnetic methods have all been used in an...

210

Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Long Valley Caldera Area (Sorey...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

released results from 158 time-domain electromagnetic (TDEM) soundings and, with Chevron Resources, a total of 77 magnetotelluric (MT) stations. Reinterpretations of the...

211

Numerical Simulation of Electro-magnetic Turbulent Inhibitor ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Numerical Modeling of Centrifugally Cast HSS Rolls · Numerical Simulation of Electro-magnetic Turbulent Inhibitor Technology in a Tundish · Optimizing the ...

212

Effect of Electromagnetic Fields on the Filtration of Aluminium ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Numerical Modeling of Centrifugally Cast HSS Rolls · Numerical Simulation of Electro-magnetic Turbulent Inhibitor Technology in a Tundish · Optimizing the ...

213

Analysis Of Factors Affecting Natural Source Slf Electromagnetic...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

sensor orientation and the received artificial electromagnetic interference, influence of weather conditions on the data quality and so on. The results showed that (1) There is an...

214

Novel resonance-assisted electromagnetic-transport phenomena  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We first demonstrate theoretically and experimentally that electromagnetic resonators with high quality factors (Q) can be used to transfer power efficiently over distances substantially larger than the characteristic ...

Kurs, André B

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Generation of electro-magnetic oscillation in surface multijunction MOMOM  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An intergrated surface multijunction MOMOM (metal-oxide-metal-oxide-metal) is reported and coherent electromagnetic oscillation is observed in the low frequency range.

Liao Shiqiang; Wang Yuzhu

1986-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

6.013 Electromagnetics and Applications, Fall 2002  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electromagnetic phenomena are explored in modern applications including wireless communications, circuits, computer interconnects and peripherals, optical fiber links and components, microwave communications and radar, ...

Staelin, David H.

217

Current Sheet Permeability in Electromagnetic Pulsed Plasma Thrusters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in Pulsed Electromagnetic Accelerators. PhD thesis, Princeton University, 2002. [6] R.G. Jahn and K.E. Clark

Choueiri, Edgar

218

Magnetohydrodynamic power generation, electromagnetic pumps, heat pipes, and thermionic convertors  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The basic principles of operation, components, and design of MHD generators, electromagnetic pumps, heat pipes and thermionic converters are described. 66 references. (WHK)

Pierson, E.S.; Bonyhady, K.A.; Dunn, P.F.; Nathenson, R.D.; Uherka, K.L.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

A Numerical Evaluation Of Electromagnetic Methods In Geothermal...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: A Numerical Evaluation Of Electromagnetic Methods In Geothermal Exploration Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract:...

220

From Electromagnetic Duality to Extended Electrodynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents the transition from Classical Electrodynamics (CED) to Extended Electrodynamics (EED) from the electromagnetic duality point of view, and emphasizes the role of the canonical complex structure in ${\\cal R}^2$ in, both, nonrelativistic and relativistic formulations of CED and EED. We begin with summarizing the motivations for passing to EED, as well as we motivate and outline the way to be followed in pursuing the right extension of Maxwell equations. Further we give the nonrelativistic and relativistic approaches to the extension and give explicitly the new equations as well as some properties of the nonlinear vacuum solutions.

Donev, S

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interactive electromagnetic relations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

From Electromagnetic Duality to Extended Electrodynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents the transition from Classical Electrodynamics (CED) to Extended Electrodynamics (EED) from the electromagnetic duality point of view, and emphasizes the role of the canonical complex structure in ${\\cal R}^2$ in, both, nonrelativistic and relativistic formulations of CED and EED. We begin with summarizing the motivations for passing to EED, as well as we motivate and outline the way to be followed in pursuing the right extension of Maxwell equations. Further we give the nonrelativistic and relativistic approaches to the extension and give explicitly the new equations as well as some properties of the nonlinear vacuum solutions.

Stoil Donev

2001-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

222

Survey of nucleon electromagnetic form factors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There has been much activity in the measurement of the elastic electromagnetic proton and neutron form factors in the last decade, and the quality of the data has been greatly improved by performing double polarization experiments, in compar- ison with previous unpolarized data. Here we review the experimental data base in view of the new results for the proton, and neutron, obtained at MIT-Bates, MAMI, and JLab. The rapid evolution of phenomenological models triggered by these high-precision experiments will be discussed.

Perdrisat, Charles F. [William and Mary College; Punjabi, Vina A. [Norfolk State U.

2011-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

223

Physics with the ALICE Electromagnetic Calorimeter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I will present physics measurements which are achievable in the ALICE experiment at the LHC through the inclusion of a new electromagnetic calorimeter. I will focus on jet measurements in proton proton and heavy ion collisions. Detailed simulations have been performed on jet reconstruction, jet triggering, heavy flavor jet reconstruction through electron identification, gamma-jet reconstruction and the measurements of identified hadrons and resonances in jets. I will show the physics capabilities which are made possible through the combination of calorimeter information with the other detector components in ALICE.

Rene Bellwied; for the ALICE Collaboration

2009-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

224

Electromagnetic wave scattering by many small particles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Scattering of electromagnetic waves by many small particles of arbitrary shapes is reduced rigorously to solving linear algebraic system of equations bypassing the usual usage of integral equations. The matrix elements of this linear algebraic system have physical meaning. They are expressed in terms of the electric and magnetic polarizability tensors. Analytical formulas are given for calculation of these tensors with any desired accuracy for homogeneous bodies of arbitrary shapes. An idea to create a "smart" material by embedding many small particles in a given region is formulated.

A. G. Ramm

2006-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

225

Why Study Electromagnetics: The First Unit in an Undergraduate Electromagnetics Course  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

integrate optical-fiber interconnects and optical microchips into systems of unimaginable information. Or could it? In fact, a simple Fourier analysis argument shows that recent optical systems that generate electromagnetic waves. For a foe determined to press an attack despite the operation of a radar system

Taflove, Allen

226

Shear driven electromagnetic drift-waves in a nonuniform dense magnetoplasma  

SciTech Connect

Linear characteristic properties of high- and low-frequency (in comparison with the cyclotron frequency) electromagnetic drift-waves are studied in a nonuniform, dense magnetoplasma (composed of electrons and ions), in the presence of parallel (magnetic field-aligned) velocity shear, by using quantum magnetohydrodynamic model. By applying the drift-approximation (viz., |{partial_derivative} {sub t}|<<{omega}{sub ci}<<{omega}{sub ce}) to the quantum momentum equations, together with the continuity equations and the Poisson equation, we derive the governing equations for electromagnetic drift-waves with the shear flow. These linear equations are then Fourier transformed to obtain the dispersion relation in both high-frequency and low-frequency regimes. The dispersion relations are then discussed under various limiting cases.

Tariq, Sabeen; Mirza, Arshad M. [Theoretical Plasma Physics Group, Department of Physics, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad 45320 (Pakistan); Masood, Waqas [Theoretical Plasma Physics Division, PINSTECH, P. O. Nilore, Islamabad 44000 (Pakistan); National Center for Physics (NCP), Islamabad 44000 (Pakistan)

2011-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

227

Electromagnetic Compatibility from a Time-Frequency Perspective  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract — In wireless communication, interference between two radio systems may occur when they operate at close frequency bands, sharing the same environment at the same time. Such systems coexist if both of them perform correctly in the presence of the other. To ensure their coexistence, Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) is used to specify rules within standardization bodies. According to current EMC standards, the radio spectrum has been divided into non-overlapping bands often with exclusive access. However, nowadays there is a proliferation of new digital systems sharing common frequency bands because the spectrum is a limited resource. Many of them are operating in unlicensed bands regulated by The International Telecommunications Union (ITU), for example the 2.45 GHz Industrial, Scientific and Medical (ISM) band. The frequency allocation is also changing with the emergence of digital systems and this is the case for white spaces in the broadcast television (TV) spectrum. To avoid high interference levels, it is necessary to consider some parameters related to signal variations, representing more accurately the environment. Some techniques have been proposed in the literature to reduce interference levels but they are applied to specific sharing studies. Hence, we evaluate in this paper the impact of time-frequency considerations for radio coexistence. We show that EMC studies are more precise and more representative of the reality when additional parameters relevant to the time domain are taken into account in the analysis framework. We illustrate these concepts through a specific study case. We evaluate the results for different system parameters, first considering that both of them occupy the same band and then assuming that they use overlapping but non-equal frequency bands. Index Terms — Radio coexistence, electromagnetic compatibility, frequency-domain analysis, time-domain analysis.

Najett Neji; Raul De Lacerda; Alain Azoulay; Thierry Letertre

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Hydrogen permeation and related stress corrosion cracking (SCC) can limit the use of metals and alloys in aqueous environments. The interactions between hydrogen and the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Background Hydrogen permeation and related stress corrosion cracking (SCC) can limit the use in the microstructure initiate the events leading to a crack. Various methods like the post-heat treatment, alloying. These methods however, do not reduce the hydrogen entry below the threshold level that is safe of cracking

Popov, Branko N.

229

Hybrid electromagnetic transient simulation with the state variable representation of HVDC converter plant  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The two alternative methods in current use for the transient simulation of HVdc power systems are Electromagnetic Transient Programs and State Variable Analysis. A hybrid algorithm is described in this paper which combines the two methods selecting their best features. The relative performances of conventional and hybrid algorithms are discussed. Simulation results of typical back-to back HVdc link show that the hybrid representation provides more stable, accurate and efficient solutions.

Zavahir, J.M.; Arrillaga, J.; Watson, N.R. (Univ. of Canterbury, Christchurch (New Zealand))

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Photographic, magnetic, and interferometric measurements of current sheet canting in a pulsed electromagnetic accelerator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in a pulsed electromagnetic accelerator were measured using three different techniques: high- speed at higher pressures. 1 Introduction Pulsed electromagnetic accelerators are devices which use intense bursts Apparatus An experimental pulsed electromagnetic accelerator has been constructed. The accelerator

Choueiri, Edgar

231

Electromagnetic Wellbore Heating C. Sean Bohun, The Pennsylvania State University,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the heat sources in any EMIT regions and how this couples to part i) and ii). Parts i) and ii) resultElectromagnetic Wellbore Heating C. Sean Bohun, The Pennsylvania State University, Bruce McGee, Mc of petroleum fluids from an oil reservoir by the method of electromagnetic heating. By its very nature

Bohun, C. Sean

232

Electromagnetic torque analysis of a DFIG for wind turbines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electromagnetic torque of doubly fed induction generator (DFIG) is a consequence of the rotor and stator supply. The stator voltage has a fixed amount and frequency. The rotor voltage of the DFIG as a part of a wind turbine has a variable amount and ... Keywords: DFIG, electromagnetic torque, renewable energy, wind turbine

Jurica Smajo; Dinko Vukadinovic

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

An electromagnetism metaheuristic for solving the Maximum Betweenness Problem  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we present an electromagnetism (EM) metaheuristic for solving NP hard Maximum Betweenness Problem (MBP). A new encoding scheme with appropriate objective functions is implemented. Specific representation of the individuals enables the EM ... Keywords: Betweenness problem, Combinatorial optimization, Electromagnetism-like mechanism

Vladimir Filipovi?; Aleksandar Kartelj; Dragan Mati?

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Electromagnetic Buckled Beam Oscillator for Enhanced Vibration Energy Harvesting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this work, a nonlinear vibration energy harvester consisting of a buckled beam and an electromagnetic transducer is proposed. An advantage of this device is that there is no need of permanent magnets to create the bistable potential. Theoretical modeling ... Keywords: Vibration energy harvester (VEH), non linear system, bistability, Duffing oscillator, electromagnetic generators (EMG)

F. Cottone, P. Basset, H. Vocca, L. Gammaitoni

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Pion-nucleon bremsstrahlung and. delta. electromagnetic moments  

SciTech Connect

A dynamically consistent, gauge invariant model for ..pi..N bremsstrahlung is developed. The ..pi..N dynamics are described through an isobar model fit to the experimental phase shifts. The charge and current operators are constructed in a gauge invariant fashion and include contributions from interaction currents at the ..pi..N..delta.. vertices and from the bare ..delta.. electromagnetic moments. The meaning of such moments for an unstable particle is discussed in detail. From a fit to the ..pi../sup +/p bremsstrahlung data, we extract a dipole moment for the bare ..delta../sup ++/ in the range ..mu../sub ..delta..//sub =//..mu../sub p/approx. =2.5 to 3.5; if the contributions from internal pion and nucleon currents are included, this ratio is somewhat smaller. The ..pi../sup -/p bremsstrahlung data are consistent with a broad range of values for ..mu../sub ..delta..//sub =/, including ..mu../sub ..delta..//sub =/ = 0. The ..delta.. quadrupole moment cannot be extracted meaningfully from the data. We discuss the sensitivity of the extracted values of ..mu../sub ..delta../ to the off-shell extension of the ..pi..N scattering amplitude. The polarization asymmetry is found to be sensitive to ..mu../sub ..delta../ while being less sensitive to off-shell scattering.

Heller, L.; Kumano, S.; Martinez, J.C.; Moniz, E.J.

1987-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Fast Simulation of Electromagnetic Showers in the ATLAS Calorimeter: Frozen Showers  

SciTech Connect

One of the most time consuming process simulating pp interactions in the ATLAS detector at LHC is the simulation of electromagnetic showers in the calorimeter. In order to speed up the event simulation several parametrisation methods are available in ATLAS. In this paper we present a short description of a frozen shower technique, together with some recent benchmarks and comparison with full simulation. An expected high rate of proton-proton collisions in ATLAS detector at LHC requires large samples of simulated events (Monte Carlo) to study various physics processes. A detailed simulation of particle reactions ('full simulation') in the ATLAS detector is based on GEANT4 and is very accurate. However, due to complexity of the detector, high particle multiplicity and GEANT4 itself, the average CPU time spend to simulate typical QCD event in pp collision is 20 or more minutes for modern computers. During detector simulation the largest time is spend in the calorimeters (up to 70%) most of which is required for electromagnetic particles in the electromagnetic (EM) part of the calorimeters. This is the motivation for fast simulation approaches which reduce the simulation time without affecting the accuracy. Several of fast simulation methods available within the ATLAS simulation framework (standard Athena based simulation program) are discussed here with the focus on the novel frozen shower library (FS) technique. The results obtained with FS are presented here as well.

Barberio, E.; /Melbourne U.; Boudreau, J.; /Pittsburgh U.; Butler, B.; /SLAC; Cheung, S.L.; /Toronto U.; Dell'Acqua, A.; /CERN; Di Simone, A.; /CERN; Ehrenfeld, E.; /Hamburg U. /DESY; Gallas, M.V.; /CERN; Glazov, A.; /DESY; Marshall, Z.; /Caltech /Nevis Labs, Columbia U.; Mueller, J.; /Pittsburgh U.; Placakyte, R.; /DESY; Rimoldi, A.; /Pavia U. /INFN, Pavia; Savard, P.; /Toronto U.; Tsulaia, V.; /Pittsburgh U.; Waugh, A.; /Sydney U.; Young, C.C.; /SLAC

2011-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

237

Airborne Electromagnetic Survey At Raft River Geothermal Area (1979) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Electromagnetic Survey At Raft River Electromagnetic Survey At Raft River Geothermal Area (1979) Exploration Activity Details Location Raft River Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Airborne Electromagnetic Survey Activity Date 1979 Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Exploration Basis To show that AEM methods can be useful in exploration for and defining geothermal systems Notes Extensive audio-magnetotelluric (AMT) work by the USGS in KGRA's showed that many geothermal systems do have a near-surface electrical signature which should be detectable by an AEM system. References Christopherson, K.R.; Long, C.L.; Hoover, D.B. (1 September 1980) Airborne electromagnetic surveys as a reconnaissance technique for geothermal exploration Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Airborne_Electromagnetic_Survey_At_Raft_River_Geothermal_Area_(1979)&oldid=510231

238

Possible measurable effects of light propagating in electromagnetized vacuum, as predicted by a scalar tensor theory of gravitation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The effect of static electromagnetic fields on the propagation of light is analyzed in the context of a particular class of scalar-tensor gravitational theories. It is found that for appropriate field configurations and light polarization, anomalous amplitude variations of the light as it propagates in either a magnetized or electrified vacuum are strong enough to be detectable in relatively simple laboratory experiments.

Raptis, T E

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Possible measurable effects of light propagating in electromagnetized vacuum, as predicted by a scalar tensor theory of gravitation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The effect of static electromagnetic fields on the propagation of light is analyzed in the context of a particular class of scalar-tensor gravitational theories. It is found that for appropriate field configurations and light polarization, anomalous amplitude variations of the light as it propagates in either a magnetized or electrified vacuum are strong enough to be detectable in relatively simple laboratory experiments.

T. E. Raptis; F. O. Minotti

2013-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

240

Schlieren Techniques for the Visualization of Current Sheets in Pulsed Electromagnetic Accelerators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Schlieren Techniques for the Visualization of Current Sheets in Pulsed Electromagnetic Accelerators in the initi- ation, propagation, and ejection of current sheets in pulsed electromagnetic accelerators

Choueiri, Edgar

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interactive electromagnetic relations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Delta and Omega electromagnetic form factors in a three-body covariant Bethe-Salpeter approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The electromagnetic form factors of the Delta and Omega baryons are calculated in the framework of Poincare-covariant bound-state equations. The quark-quark interaction is truncated to a single dressed-gluon exchange where for the dressings we use two different models and compare the results. The calculation predicts an oblate shape for the electric charge distribution and a prolate shape for the magnetic dipole distribution. We also identify the necessity of including pion-cloud corrections at low photon-momentum transfer.

Helios Sanchis-Alepuz; Richard Williams; Reinhard Alkofer

2013-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

242

Electro-Optical Sensing Apparatus and Method for Characterizing Free-Space Electromagnetic Radiation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Apparatus and methods for characterizing free-space electromagnetic energy, and in particular, apparatus/method suitable for real-time two-dimensional far-infrared imaging applications are presented. The sensing technique is based on a non-linear coupling between a low-frequency electric field and a laser beam in an electro-optic crystal. In addition to a practical counter-propagating sensing technique, a co-linear approach is described which provides longer radiated field--optical beam interaction length, thereby making imaging applications practical.

Zhang, Xi-Cheng; Libelo, Louis Francis; Wu, Qi

1999-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

243

Interference of outgoing electromagnetic waves generated by two point-like sources  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An energy-momentum carried by electromagnetic field produced by two point-like charged particles is calculated. Integration region considered in the evaluation of the bound and emitted quantities produced by all points of world lines up to the end points at which particles' trajectories puncture an observation hyperplane $y^0=t$. Radiative part of the energy-momentum contains, apart from usual integrals of Larmor terms, also the sum of work done by Lorentz forces of point-like charges acting on one another. Therefore, the combination of wave motions (retarded Li\\'enard-Wiechert solutions) leads to the interaction between the sources.

Yurij Yaremko

2004-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

244

Direct measurement of the quantum state of the electromagnetic field in a superconducting transmission line  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose an experimental procedure to directly measure the state of an electromagnetic field inside a resonator, corresponding to a superconducting transmission line, coupled to a Cooper-pair box (CPB). The measurement protocol is based on the use of a dispersive interaction between the field and the CPB, and the coupling to an external classical field that is tuned to resonance with either the field or the CPB. We present a numerical simulation that demonstrates the feasibility of this protocol, which is within reach of present technology.

F. de Melo; L. Aolita; F. Toscano; L. Davidovich

2006-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

245

<interaction num ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... interaction> gun powder wiki ... num="4"> Guinness sales per day ... num="5"> Guinness sale of pints ...

2012-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

246

Interactive Jobs  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Interactive Jobs Interactive Jobs Interactive Jobs Interactive Batch Jobs The login nodes on Genepool should not be used for heavy interactive work. These login nodes are shared amoungst all Genepool users so heavy CPU or memory usage will affect other Genepool users. 10 nodes have been reserved on Genepool for high priority and interactive work. Each user can use up to 2 slots at a time in the high priority queue. Use the qlogin command to run jobs interactively. The example below shows how to request an interactive session on Genepool . genepool:$~> qlogin -l high.c This will put you directly onto a node where you can do interactive work. kmfagnan@genepool01:~$ qlogin -l high.c Your job 1459021 ("QLOGIN") has been submitted waiting for interactive job to be scheduled ......

247

Electron as a Complex-Dynamical Interaction Process  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A system of two initially homogeneous, physically real fields uniformly attracted to each other is considered as the simplest basis of the self-developing world structure. It is shown that the system is unstable against periodic cycles of self-amplified, essentially nonlinear squeeze of its extended part to a small volume around randomly chosen centre, followed by the reverse extension. The resulting spatially random pulsation, or "quantum beat", is observed as (massive) elementary particle such as the electron. The property of mass is then universally and consistently defined as temporal rate of such dynamically chaotic and essentially nonlinear quantum beat, without introduction of any additional entities. The obtained picture can be considered as complex-dynamical completion of the "double solution" concept of Louis de Broglie. The dynamically emerging wave-particle duality, quantum discreteness, indeterminacy, space, and time lead to the equations of special relativity and quantum mechanics, providing their causal explanation and explicit unification. The elementary particle structure, its intrinsic properties, quantum and relativistic behaviour are obtained thus all together, within the unified analysis of the unreduced interaction process leading to the universal concept of dynamic complexity. The same complex-dynamical process accounts for the universal gravitation and general relativity. The electromagnetic, weak, and strong types of interaction between particles also constitute integral, dynamically unified parts of quantum beat processes inside elementary particles. The classical, dynamically localised behaviour emerges in a closed system as a higher complexity level corresponding to formation of elementary bound systems (like atoms).

Andrei P. Kirilyuk

2004-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

248

Detection of electromagnetic waves using charged MEMS structures  

SciTech Connect

We describe micromechanical structures that are capable of sensing both electrostatic fields and electromagnetic fields over a wide frequency range. Typically, sensing of electromagnetic waves is achieved with electrically conducting antennas, which despite the many advantages do not exhibit high sensitivity over a broad frequency range. An important aspect of our present work is that, in contrast to traditional antennas, the dimensions of micromechanical oscillators sensitive to electromagnetic waves can be much smaller than the wavelength. We characterized the micromechanical oscillators and measured responses to electric fields and estimated the performance limits by evaluating the signal-to-noise ratio theoretically and experimentally.

Datskos, Panos G [ORNL; Lavrik, Nickolay V [ORNL; Tobin, Jacob D [ORNL; Bowland, Landon T [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

The electromagnetic calorimeter for the STAR experiment at RHIC  

SciTech Connect

The STAR detector at RHIC can be used both for searches for quark-gluon plasma and for high energy pp spin physics. An electromagnetic calorimeter is being planned which will be used for triggering on High pt direct gammas, e{sup {plus_minus}}, and the electromagnetic component of jets. Jets will be measured for both kinds of physics by using the electro-magnetic calorimeter and central TPC tracking. We describe some features of the fiber-tile calorimeter as it is presently being designed.

Underwood, D.G.

1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Nonlinear Landau damping of transverse electromagnetic waves in dusty plasmas  

SciTech Connect

High-frequency transverse electromagnetic waves in a collisionless isotropic dusty plasma damp via nonlinear Landau damping. Taking into account the latter we have obtained a generalized set of Zakharov equations with local and nonlocal terms. Then from this coupled set of Zakharov equations a kinetic nonlinear Schroedinger equation with local and nonlocal nonlinearities is derived for special cases. It is shown that the modulation of the amplitude of the electromagnetic waves leads to the modulation instability through the nonlinear Landau damping term. The maximum growth rate is obtained for the special case when the group velocity of electromagnetic waves is close to the dust acoustic velocity.

Tsintsadze, N. L. [E. Andronikashvili Institute of Physics, Tbilisi 0171 (Georgia); Department of Physics, Government College University, Lahore 54000 (Pakistan); Salam Chair in Physics, Government College University, Lahore 54000 (Pakistan); Chaudhary, Rozina [Department of Physics, Government College University, Lahore 54000 (Pakistan); Salam Chair in Physics, Government College University, Lahore 54000 (Pakistan); Shah, H. A. [Department of Physics, Government College University, Lahore 54000 (Pakistan); Murtaza, G. [Salam Chair in Physics, Government College University, Lahore 54000 (Pakistan)

2009-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

251

Interactive Roles of Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone and RF-Amide Related Peptide 3 in Adenohypophyseal Physiology and Reporduction in the Mare  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The seasonal termination of ovarian cycles in mares initiated near the time of the autumnal equinox is a significant managerial issue for horse breeders world-wide. Studies presented herein had two over-arching aims. In Aim I, objectives were to develop the principals needed to apply gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) therapeutics for routinely establishing pregnancies in the winter anovulatory mare. We first tested the hypothesis that continuous administration of native GnRH, beginning in either early February or March, would induce ovulation without reversion to an anovulatory state following treatment withdrawal. Continuous 28-d treatments elevated circulating luteinizing hormone (LH) and stimulated spontaneous ovulation much earlier than controls. However, mares treated only in February ceased ovarian cycles at termination of treatment. In contrast, mares administered GnRH in March continued to exhibit estrous cycles. Thus, we concluded that GnRH treatment must continue through March to ensure continued escape from winter anovulation. We then tested the hypothesis that the Julian day of conception could be accelerated in winter anovulatory mares treated continuously with native GnRH for 56 d beginning on February 1. Indeed, GnRH treatment caused a marked increase in the frequency of pregnancy compared to controls. Data illustrated that continuous administration of native GnRH is a practical and highly efficient option for managing seasonal anovulation. In Aim II, we examined hypothalamic distribution, adenohyphyseal receptor gene expression, and ligand functionality of RFRP3 in the mare during the breeding and non-breeding seasons. Hypothalamic RFRP3 mRNA was detected in the mare; however, neither hypothalamic expression of RFRP3 nor its anterior pituitary receptor differed between reproductive states. We then used equine adenohypophyseal cell culture to test the hypothesis that RFRP3 reduces the responsiveness of the equine gonadotrope to GnRH. Addition of RFRP3 to cell culture failed to counter the effects of GnRH. Finally, the effects of a RFRP3 receptor-signaling antagonist (RF9) were examined in winter anovulatory mares. A robust increase in circulating concentrations of LH relative to controls was observed in response to RF9 treatments, but treatments had no effect on adenohypophyseal responsiveness to GnRH. Data provide indirect evidence that antagonism of the RFRP3 system by RF9 may be at the GnRH neuronal level.

Thorson, Jennifer Frances

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Electromagnetic Interference Between Different Model Wireless Communications Devices and Electronic Medical Equipment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This case study describes instances of incompatibility between sensitive electronic medical equipment and its electromagnetic environment.

2003-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

253

3DEMIII Workshop, February 2003, Adelaide. Efficient 3-D Electromagnetic Modeling in the Presence of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

;Electromagnetic Laboratory, Department of Eletrical and Computer Engineering, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL

Torres-Verdín, Carlos

254

Standard Test Method for Determining Electrical Conductivity Using the Electromagnetic (Eddy-Current) Method  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Standard Test Method for Determining Electrical Conductivity Using the Electromagnetic (Eddy-Current) Method

American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Standard Practice for Electromagnetic (Eddy-Current) Examination of Copper Redraw Rod for Electrical Purposes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Standard Practice for Electromagnetic (Eddy-Current) Examination of Copper Redraw Rod for Electrical Purposes

American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Electromagnetic material changes for remote detection and monitoring: a feasibility study: Progress report  

SciTech Connect

A new concept for radiation detection is proposed, allowing a decoupling of the sensing medium and the readout. An electromagnetic material, such as a magnetic ceramic ferrite, is placed near a source to be tracked such as a shipping container. The electromagnetic material changes its properties, in this case its magnetic permeability, as a function of radiation. This change is evident as a change in reflection frequency and magnitude when probed using a microwave/millimeter-wave source. This brief report discusses modeling of radiation interaction of various candidate materials using a radiation detector modeling code Geant4, system design considerations for the remote readout, and some theory of the material interaction physics. The theory of radiation change in doped magnetic insulator ferrites such as yttrium iron garnet (YIG) seems well founded based on literature documentation of the photomagnetic effect. The literature also suggests sensitivity of permittivity to neutrons in some ferroelectrics. Research to date indicates that experimental demonstration of these effects in the context of radiation detection is warranted.

McCloy, John S.; Jordan, David V.; Kelly, James F.; McMakin, Douglas L.; Johnson, Bradley R.; Campbell, Luke W.

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Scattering Relativity in Quantum Mechanics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transforming from one reference frame to another yields an equivalent physical description. If quantum fields are transformed one way and quantum states transformed a different way then the physics changes. We show how to use the resulting changed physical description to obtain the equations of motion of charged, massive particles in electromagnetic and gravitational fields. The derivation is based entirely on special relativity and quantum mechanics.

Richard Shurtleff

2011-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

258

Traxion: a tactile interaction device with virtual force sensation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper introduces a new mechanism to induce a virtual force based on human illusory sensations. An asymmetric signal is applied to a tactile actuator consisting of an electromagnetic coil, a metal weight, and a spring, such that the user feels that ... Keywords: illusion, input devices, tactile interactions

Jun Rekimoto

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Frequency-Domain Electromagnetic Survey | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Frequency-Domain Electromagnetic Survey Frequency-Domain Electromagnetic Survey Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Frequency-Domain Electromagnetic Survey Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) NEPA(0) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Geophysical Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Electrical Techniques Parent Exploration Technique: Electromagnetic Profiling Techniques Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Detection of high-conductivity bodies in the subsurface. Stratigraphic/Structural: Hydrological: Thermal: Detection of the presence of a thermal anomaly through its resistivity signature. Cost Information Low-End Estimate (USD): 2,928.38292,838 centUSD 2.928 kUSD 0.00293 MUSD 2.92838e-6 TUSD / mile Median Estimate (USD): 4,505.20450,520 centUSD

260

Interpretation of electromagnetic soundings in the Raft River geothermal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Interpretation of electromagnetic soundings in the Raft River geothermal Interpretation of electromagnetic soundings in the Raft River geothermal area, Idaho Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Report: Interpretation of electromagnetic soundings in the Raft River geothermal area, Idaho Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: An electromagnetic (EM) controlled source survey was conducted in the Raft River Valley, near Malta, Idaho. The purpose of the survey was: to field test U.S. Geological Survey extra-low-frequency (ELF) equipment using a grounded wire source and receiver loop configuration (which is designed to measure the vertical magnetic field (Hz) at the loop center for various frequencies); to present an example of the EM sounding data and interpretations using a previously developed inversion program; and (3) to

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interactive electromagnetic relations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Overview Of Electromagnetic Methods Applied In Active Volcanic Areas Of  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Of Electromagnetic Methods Applied In Active Volcanic Areas Of Of Electromagnetic Methods Applied In Active Volcanic Areas Of Western United States Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Overview Of Electromagnetic Methods Applied In Active Volcanic Areas Of Western United States Details Activities (7) Areas (2) Regions (0) Abstract: A better understanding of active volcanic areas in the United States through electromagnetic geophysical studies received foundation from the many surveys done for geothermal exploration in the 1970's. Investigations by governmental, industrial, and academic agencies include (but are not limited to) mapping of the Cascades. Long Valley/Mono area, the Jemez volcanic field, Yellowstone Park, and an area in Colorado. For one example - Mt. Konocti in the Mayacamas Mountains, California - gravity,

262

Airborne electromagnetic surveys as a reconnaissance technique for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

electromagnetic surveys as a reconnaissance technique for electromagnetic surveys as a reconnaissance technique for geothermal exploration Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Proceedings: Airborne electromagnetic surveys as a reconnaissance technique for geothermal exploration Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: INPUT airborne electromagnetic (AEM) surveys were conducted during 1979 in five Known Geothermal Resource Areas (KGRA's). AEM work has not been significantly utilized in the past for geothermal purposes because it was thought that a shallow exploration technique would not be effective. Extensive audio-magnetotelluric (AMT) work by the USGS in KGRA's showed that many geothermal systems do have a near-surface electrical signature which should be detectable by an AEM system. INPUT responses in the form of

263

Electromagnetic Soundings At Raft River Geothermal Area (1977) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Electromagnetic Soundings At Raft River Geothermal Area (1977) Electromagnetic Soundings At Raft River Geothermal Area (1977) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Electromagnetic Soundings At Raft River Geothermal Area (1977) Exploration Activity Details Location Raft River Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Electromagnetic Sounding Techniques Activity Date 1977 Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Exploration Basis The purpose of the survey was: (1) to field test U.S. Geological Survey extra-low-frequency (ELF) equipment using a grounded wire source and receiver loop configuration (which is designed to measure the vertical magnetic field (Hz) at the loop center for various frequencies); (2) to present an example of the EM sounding data and interpretations using a

264

Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Haleakala Volcano Area (Thomas, 1986) |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Haleakala Volcano Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Haleakala Volcano Area (Thomas, 1986) Exploration Activity Details Location Haleakala Volcano Area Exploration Technique Time-Domain Electromagnetics Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes Controlled-source electromagnetic soundings were found to be substantially more successful in the southwest rift than either the Schlumberger or the self-potential studies. This was largely due to the ability of time-domain methods to penetrate high-resistivity surface layers and thus to define lower-resistivity sections at depth. The results of this sounding study, which was conducted at elevations ranging from 75 to 497 m a.s.l., generally indicated moderate- to lowresistivity (6 - 7 ohm.m) sections to depths of 1 km on the lower rift zone and higher resistivities (12-16

265

A Numerical Evaluation Of Electromagnetic Methods In Geothermal Exploration  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Evaluation Of Electromagnetic Methods In Geothermal Exploration Evaluation Of Electromagnetic Methods In Geothermal Exploration - L Pellerin, J M Johnston & G W Hohmann, Geophysics, 61(1), 1996, Pp 121-130 Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: A Numerical Evaluation Of Electromagnetic Methods In Geothermal Exploration - L Pellerin, J M Johnston & G W Hohmann, Geophysics, 61(1), 1996, Pp 121-130 Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: Unavailable Author(s): Unknown Published: International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences & Geomechanics Abstracts, 1996 Document Number: Unavailable DOI: 10.1016/S0148-9062(97)87449-9 Source: View Original Journal Article Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=A_Numerical_Evaluation_Of_Electromagnetic_Methods_In_Geothermal_Exploration_-_L_Pellerin,_J_M_Johnston_%26_G_W_Hohmann,_Geophysics,_61(1),_1996,_Pp_121-130&oldid=3883

266

Low-cost electromagnetic tagging : design and implementation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Several implementations of chipless RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) tags are presented and discussed as low-cost alternatives to chip-based RFID tags and sensors. An overview of present-day near-field electromagnetic ...

Fletcher, Richard R. (Richard Ribon)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Compromising electromagnetic emanations of wired and wireless keyboards  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Computer keyboards are often used to transmit confidential data such as passwords. Since they contain electronic components, keyboards eventually emit electromagnetic waves. These emanations could reveal sensitive information such as keystrokes. The ...

Martin Vuagnoux; Sylvain Pasini

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Design and parametric simulation of radially oriented electromagnetic actuators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis presents the design and simulation of an electromagnetic actuator system capable of delivering large pulses of radial force onto a cylindrical surface. Due to its robust design, simple control scheme, and large ...

Bosworth, William R., S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Electromagnetic Transients in Substations, Volumes 5: Test Data Tapes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

EPRI has investigated high-frequency electromagnetic interference (EMI) resulting from high-voltage switching, lightning, and faults in substations. This report provides information about EMI levels to which equipment is exposed.

1993-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

270

Boundary effects of electromagnetic vacuum fluctuations on charged particles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The effects of electromagnetic vacuum fluctuations with the boundary on charged particles is investigated. They may be observed via an electron interference experiment near the conducting plate, where boundary effects of vacuum fluctuations are found significant on coherence reduction of the electrons. The dynamics of the charge under the influence of quantized electromagnetic fields with a conducting plate is also studied. The corresponding stochastic equation of motion is derived in the semiclassical approximation, and the behavior of the charge's velocity fluctuations is discussed.

Tai-Hung Wu; Jen-Tsung Hsiang; Da-Shin Lee

2007-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

271

Guidelines for Electromagnetic Interference Testing in Power Plants: Revision 1  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Concern about the effect of electromagnetic emissions on the safe, reliable operation of digital equipment has resulted in requirements for utilities to create detailed emissions maps. This guide identifies emissions sources in nuclear power plants, recommends susceptibility and emissions standards, and details design and layout practices for minimizing susceptibility to electromagnetic interference (EMI). Revision 1 reflects modifications to the original document, which received NRC approval in a Safety...

1997-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

272

Boundary effects of electromagnetic vacuum fluctuations on charged particles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The effects of electromagnetic vacuum fluctuations with the boundary on charged particles is investigated. They may be observed via an electron interference experiment near the conducting plate, where boundary effects of vacuum fluctuations are found significant on coherence reduction of the electrons. The dynamics of the charge under the influence of quantized electromagnetic fields with a conducting plate is also studied. The corresponding stochastic equation of motion is derived in the semiclassical approximation, and the behavior of the charge's velocity fluctuations is discussed.

Wu, Tai-Hung; Lee, Da-Shin

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

The Covariant Electromagnetic Casimir Effect for Real Conducting Cylindrical Shells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using covariant quantization of the electromagnetic field, the Casimir force per unit area experienced by a long conducting cylindrical shell, under both Dirichlet and Neumann boundary conditions, is calculated. The renormalization procedure is based on the plasma cut-off frequency for real conductors. The real case of a gold (silver) cylindrical shell is considered and the corresponding electromagnetic Casimir pressure is computed. It is discussed that the Dirichlet and Neumann problems should be considered separately without adding their corresponding results.

H. Razmi; N. Fadaei

2013-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

274

Guidelines for Electromagnetic Compatibility Testing of Power Plant Equipment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To continue meeting safety and reliability requirements while controlling costs, operators of nuclear power plants must be able to replace and upgrade equipment in a cost-effective manner. One issue that has been problematic for new plant equipment and especially for digital instrumentation and control (I&C) systems in recent years is electromagnetic compatibility (EMC). The EMC issue usually involves testing to show that critical equipment will not be adversely affected by electromagnetic ...

2013-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

275

Effects of Electromagnetic Fields on Fish and Invertebrates  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this progress report, we describe the preliminary experiments conducted with three fish and one invertebrate species to determine the effects of exposure to electromagnetic fields. During fiscal year 2010, experiments were conducted with coho salmon (Onchrohychus kisutch), California halibut (Paralicthys californicus), Atlantic halibut (Hippoglossus hippoglossus), and Dungeness crab (Cancer magister). The work described supports Task 2.1.3: Effects on Aquatic Organisms, Subtask 2.1.3.1: Electromagnetic Fields.

Schultz, Irvin R.; Woodruff, Dana L.; Marshall, Kathryn E.; Pratt, William J.; Roesijadi, Guritno

2010-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

276

[Electromagnetic studies of nuclear structure and reactions]. Progress summary  

SciTech Connect

The experimental goals are focused on developing an understanding of strong interactions and the structure of hadronic systems by determination of the electromagnetic response; these goals will be accomplished through coincidence detection of final states. Nuclear modeling objectives are to organize and interpret the data through a consistent description of a broad spectrum of reaction observables; calculations are performed in a nonrelativistic diagrammatic framework as well as a relativistic QHD approach. Work is described according to the following arrangement: direct knockout reactions (completion of {sup 16}O(e,e{prime}p), {sup 12}C(e,e{prime}pp) progress, large acceptance detector physics simulations), giant resonance studies (intermediate-energy experiments with solid-state detectors, the third response function in {sup 12}C(e,e{prime}p{sub 0}) and {sup 16}O(e,e{prime}p{sub 0}), comparison of the {sup 12}C(e, e{prime}p{sub 0}) and {sup 16}O(e,e{prime}p{sub 3}) reactions, quadrupole strength in the {sup 16}O(e,e{prime}{alpha}{sub 0}) reaction, quadrupole strength in the {sup 12}C(e,e{prime}{alpha}) reaction, analysis of the {sup 12}C(e,e{prime}p{sub 1}) and {sup 16}O(e,e{prime}p{sub 3}) angular distributions, analysis of the {sup 40}Ca(e,e{prime}x) reaction at low q, analysis of the higher-q {sup 12}C(e,e{prime}x) data from Bates), models of nuclear structure (experimental work, Hartree-Fock calculations, phonon excitations in spherical nuclei, shell model calculations, variational methods for relativistic fields), and instrumentation development efforts (developments at CEBAF, CLAS contracts, BLAST developments).

Not Available

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

277

Nucleon Structure Studies with Electromagnetic Probes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Summarized in this report is the progress achieved during the period from March 1, 2008 to June 14, 2009 under contract number DE-FG02-03ER41252. This is the final technical report under this contract. The experimental work described here is part of the electromagnetic nuclear physics program of the CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer (CLAS) Collaboration at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (Jefferson Lab) that published 17 journal articles during the period of this report. One of these journal articles reported on the results of precise measurements of the neutron magnetic form factor. I was a spokesperson on this experiment and the publication of these results is the culmination of years of effort by a small subset of the CLAS Collaboration. As usual, undergraduate students were involved in all aspects of this work. Three Union College students participated in this program during the window of this report and one presented a paper on his work at the 2009 National Conference on Undergraduate Research (NCUR22). In this report, I discuss recent progress on the measurements of the neutron magnetic form factor and describe my service work for the CLAS Collaboration.

Vineyard, Michael F.

2011-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

278

Electromagnetic anti-jam telemetry tool  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A mud-pulse telemetry tool includes a tool housing, a motor disposed in the tool housing, and a magnetic coupling coupled to the motor and having an inner shaft and an outer shaft. The tool may also include a stator coupled to the tool housing, a restrictor disposed proximate the stator and coupled to the magnetic coupling, so that the restrictor and the stator adapted to generate selected pulses in a drilling fluid when the restrictor is selectively rotated. The tool may also include a first anti-jam magnet coupled to the too housing, and an second anti-jam magnet disposed proximate the first anti-jam magnet and coupled to the inner shaft and/or the outer shaft, wherein at least one of the first anti-jam magnet and the second anti-jam magnet is an electromagnet, and wherein the first anti-jam magnet and the second anti-jam magnet are positioned with adjacent like poles.

Ganesan, Harini (Sugar Land, TX); Mayzenberg, Nataliya (Missouri City, TX)

2008-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

279

The underground electromagnetic pulse: Four representative models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

I describe four phenomenological models by which an underground nuclear explosion may generate electromagnetic pulses: Compton current asymmetry (or ''Compton dipole''); Uphole conductor currents (or ''casing currents''); Diamagnetic cavity plasma (or ''magnetic bubble''); and Large-scale ground motion (or ''magneto-acoustic wave''). I outline the corresponding analytic exercises and summarize the principal results of the computations. I used a 10-kt contained explosion as the fiducial case. Each analytic sequence developed an equivalent source dipole and calculated signal waveforms at representative ground-surface locations. As a comparative summary, the Compton dipole generates a peak source current moment of about 12,000 A/center dot/m in the submicrosecond time domain. The casing-current source model obtains an equivalent peak moment of about 2 /times/ 10/sup 5/ A/center dot/m in the 10- to 30-/mu/s domain. The magnetic bubble produces a magnetic dipole moment of about 7 /times/ 10/sup 6/ A/center dot/m/sup 2/, characterized by a 30-ms time structure. Finally, the magneto-acoustic wave corresponds to a magnetic dipole moment of about 600 A/center dot/m/sup 2/, with a waveform showing 0.5-s periodicities. 8 refs., 35 figs., 7 tabs.

Wouters, L.F.

1989-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

The ALICE electromagnetic calorimeter high level triggers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The ALICE (A Large Ion Collider Experiment) detector yields a huge sample of data from different sub-detectors. On-line data processing is applied to select and reduce the volume of the stored data. ALICE applies a multi-level hardware trigger scheme where fast detectors are used to feed a three-level (L0, L1, and L2) deep chain. The High-Level Trigger (HLT) is a fourth filtering stage sitting logically between the L2 trigger and the data acquisition event building. The EMCal detector comprises a large area electromagnetic calorimeter that extends the momentum measurement of photons and neutral mesons up to $p_T=250$ GeV/c, which improves the ALICE capability to perform jet reconstruction with measurement of the neutral energy component of jets. An online reconstruction and trigger chain has been developed within the HLT framework to sharpen the EMCal hardware triggers, by combining the central barrel tracking information with the shower reconstruction (clusters) in the calorimeter. In the present report the status and the functionality of the software components developed for the EMCal HLT online reconstruction and trigger chain will be discussed, as well as preliminary results from their commissioning performed during the 2011 LHC running period.

F. Ronchetti; F. Blanco; M. Figueredo; A. G. Knospe; L. Xaplanteris for the ALICE HLT Collaboration

2012-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interactive electromagnetic relations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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281

Visualisation of Tensor Time Domain Electromagnetic Data  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Long Offset Time Domain Electromagnetic (LOTEM) measurements traditionally use a single current source. By using a second source, a tensor analysis technique analogous to that used in DC resistivity multiple-source bipole-dipole surveying, is possible. An instantaneous apparent resistivity tensor is defined as the relationship between the time varying (total) electric field and the DC half space current density vectors due to each source. If the sources are dipoles the three coordinate invariant apparent resistivities of the tensor are independent of source orientation. For a uniform half space, one of the invariants is virtually constant in time, deviating from the half space resistivity by a maximum of 6%. This method provides a way in which the complicated data set obtained during a tensor LOTEM survey can be presented in a compact and intelligible form, and has many advantages over conventional methods of analyzing LOTEM data particularly where the resistivity distribution is three dimensional (3D). Results from a 3D resistivity model of an idealized geothermal reservoir and outflow structure are used to illustrate the power of this analysis.

Caldwell, T.G.; Bibby, H.M.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Electromagnetic polarizabilities: Lattice QCD in background fields  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Chiral perturbation theory makes definitive predictions for the extrinsic behavior of hadrons in external electric and magnetic fields. Near the chiral limit, the electric and magnetic polarizabilities of pions, kaons, and nucleons are determined in terms of a few well-known parameters. In this limit, hadrons become quantum mechanically diffuse as polarizabilities scale with the inverse square-root of the quark mass. In some cases, however, such predictions from chiral perturbation theory have not compared well with experimental data. Ultimately we must turn to first principles numerical simulations of QCD to determine properties of hadrons, and confront the predictions of chiral perturbation theory. To address the electromagnetic polarizabilities, we utilize the background field technique. Restricting our attention to calculations in background electric fields, we demonstrate new techniques to determine electric polarizabilities and baryon magnetic moments for both charged and neutral states. As we can study the quark mass dependence of observables with lattice QCD, the lattice will provide a crucial test of our understanding of low-energy QCD, which will be timely in light of ongoing experiments, such as at COMPASS and HI gamma S.

W. Detmold, B.C. Tiburzi, A. Walker-Loud

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Calibrating Accelerometers Using an Electromagnetic Launcher  

SciTech Connect

A Pulse Forming Network (PFN), Helical Electromagnetic Launcher (HEML), Command Module (CM), and Calibration Table (CT) were built and evaluated for the combined ability to calibrate an accelerometer. The PFN has a maximum stored energy of 19.25 kJ bank and is fired by a silicon controlled rectifier (SCR), with appropriate safety precautions. The HEML is constructed out of G-10 fiberglass and is designed to accelerate 600 grams to 10 meters per second. The CM is microcontroller based running Arduino Software. The CM has a keypad input and 7 segment outputs of the bank voltage and desired voltage. After entering a desired bank voltage, the CM controls the charge of the PFN. When the two voltages are equal it allows the fire button to send a pulse to the SCR to fire the PFN and in turn, the HEML. The HEML projectile's tip hits a target that is held by the CT. The CT consists of a table to hold the PFN and HEML, a vacuum chuck, air bearing, velocity meter and catch pot. The Target is held with the vacuum chuck awaiting impact. After impact, the air bearing allows the target to fall freely for the velocity meter to get an accurate reading. A known acceleration is determined from the known change in velocity of the target. Thus, if an accelerometer was attached to the target, the measured value can be compared to the known value.

Erik Timpson

2012-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

284

Horizontal electromagnetic casting of thin metal sheets  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Thin metal sheets are cast by magnetically suspending molten metal deposited within a ferromagnetic yoke and between AC conducting coils and linearly displacing the magnetically levitated liquid metal while it is being cooled to form a solid metal sheet. Magnetic flux increases as the molten metal sheet moves downward and decreases as the molten metal sheet moves upward to stabilize the sheet and maintain it in equilibrium as it is linearly displaced and solidified by cooling gases. A conducting shield is electrically coupled to the molten metal sheet by means of either metal sheet engaging rollers or brushes on the solidified metal, and by means of an electrode in the vessel containing the molten metal thereby providing a return path for the eddy currents induced in the metal sheet by the AC coil generated magnetic flux. Variation in the geometry of the conducting shield allows the magnetic flux between the metal sheet and the conducting shield to be varied and the thickness in surface quality of the metal sheet to be controlled. Side guards provide lateral containment for the molten metal sheet and stabilize and shape the magnetic field while a leader sheet having electromagnetic characteristics similar to those of the metal sheet is used to start the casting process and precedes the molten metal sheet through the magnet and forms a continuous sheet therewith. The magnet may be either U-shaped with a single racetrack coil or may be rectangular with a pair of facing bedstead coils.

Hull, John R. (Hinsdale, IL); Lari, Robert J. (Aurora, IL); Praeg, Walter F. (Palos Park, IL); Turner, Larry R. (Naperville, IL)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Horizontal electromagnetic casting of thin metal sheets  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Thin metal sheets are cast by magnetically suspending molten metal deposited within a ferromagnetic yoke and between AC conducting coils and linearly displacing the magnetically levitated liquid metal while it is being cooled to form a solid metal sheet. Magnetic flux increases as the molten metal sheet moves downward and decreases as the molten metal sheet moves upward to stabilize the sheet and maintain it in equilibrium as it is linearly displaced and solidified by cooling gases. A conducting shield is electrically coupled to the molten metal sheet by means of either metal sheet engaging rollers or brushes on the solidified metal, and by means of an electrode in the vessel containing the molten metal thereby providing a return path for the eddy currents induced in the metal sheet by the AC coil generated magnetic flux. Variation in the geometry of the conducting shield allows the magnetic flux between the metal sheet and the conducting shield to be varied and the thickness in surface quality of the metal sheet to be controlled. Side guards provide lateral containment for the molten metal sheet and stabilize and shape the magnetic field while a leader sheet having electromagnetic characteristics similar to those of the metal sheet is used to start the casting process and precedes the molten metal sheet through the magnet and forms a continuous sheet therewith. The magnet may be either U-shaped with a single racetrack coil or may be rectangular with a pair of facing bedstead coils.

Hull, John R. (Hinsdale, IL); Lari, Robert J. (Aurora, IL); Praeg, Walter F. (Palos Park, IL); Turner, Larry R. (Naperville, IL)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Pulsed electromagnetic acceleration of exploded wire plasmas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A simple analysis of the dynamic state of a current-conducting high-density plasma column, resulting from an exploded wire between the conductors of a rail-gun accelerator or one or more wires strung between the anode and cathode conductors in a pulsed-power generator diode, is given on the basis of a one-dimensional magnetohydrodynamics model. Spatial distributions of the current density, magnetic field, temperature, and particle density are calculated as well as the temporal current, voltage, and impedance histories. The model self-consistently treats the accelerator load transition through its solid, melt, vapor, and plasma states in the presence of its supply source and feed network. Once formed and accelerated, the plasma state calculations show expansion cooling across the self-induced magnetic field if the Bennett condition is not satisfied. The model predictions are compared to two experimental situations. The first involves the delivery of some hundreds of Joules of stored energy to the wire load. For this case, good agreement between the calculated and observed plasma state is obtained. The second situation involves the delivery of many thousands of Joules to the wire load. For this case and dependent upon the wire mass, diameter, number of wires exploded, their separation, and the pulsed energy electrical wave shapes, the magnetohydrodynamic results can be qualitatively incorrect. The necessity of an electromagnetic particle simulation approach is indicated in order to resolve the magnetic rope-like structure and filamentation observed in the very energetic plasmas.

Peratt, A.L.; Koert, P.

1983-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Photon-Photon Interactions via Rydberg Blockade  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We develop the theory of light propagation under the conditions of electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) in systems involving strongly interacting Rydberg states. Taking into account the quantum nature and the spatial propagation of light, we analyze interactions involving few-photon pulses. We demonstrate that this system can be used for the generation of nonclassical states of light including trains of single photons with an avoided volume between them, for implementing photon-photon quantum gates, as well as for studying many-body phenomena with strongly correlated photons.

Gorshkov, Alexey V; Fleischhauer, Michael; Pohl, Thomas; Lukin, Mikhail D

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Photon-Photon Interactions via Rydberg Blockade  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We develop the theory of light propagation under the conditions of electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) in systems involving strongly interacting Rydberg states. Taking into account the quantum nature and the spatial propagation of light, we analyze interactions involving few-photon pulses. We demonstrate that this system can be used for the generation of nonclassical states of light including trains of single photons with an avoided volume between them, for implementing photon-photon quantum gates, as well as for studying many-body phenomena with strongly correlated photons.

Alexey V. Gorshkov; Johannes Otterbach; Michael Fleischhauer; Thomas Pohl; Mikhail D. Lukin

2011-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

289

Measurement of the electromagnetic dissociation cross section of Pb nuclei at $\\sqrt{s_{\\rm NN}}$ = 2.76 TeV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electromagnetic dissociation of heavy nuclei in ultra-peripheral interactions at high energies can be used to monitor the beam luminosity at colliders. In ALICE neutrons emitted by the excited nuclei close to beam rapidity are detected by the Zero Degree Calorimeters (ZDCs), providing a precise measurement of the event rate. During the 2010 Pb run, a dedicated data taking was performed triggering on electromagnetic processes with the ZDCs. These data, combined with the results from a Van der Meer scan, allowed to measure the electromagnetic dissociation cross-section of Pb nuclei at $\\sqrt{s_{\\rm NN}}$~=~2.76~TeV. Experimental results on various cross-sections are presented together with a comparison to the available predictions.

C. Oppedisano; the ALICE Collaboration

2011-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

290

Influence of lateral target size on hot electron production and electromagnetic pulse emission from laser-irradiated metallic targets  

SciTech Connect

The influences of lateral target size on hot electron production and electromagnetic pulse emission from laser interaction with metallic targets have been investigated. Particle-in-cell simulations at high laser intensities show that the yield of hot electrons tends to increase with lateral target size, because the larger surface area reduces the electrostatic field on the target, owing to its expansion along the target surface. At lower laser intensities and longer time scales, experimental data characterizing electromagnetic pulse emission as a function of lateral target size also show target-size effects. Charge separation and a larger target tending to have a lower target potential have both been observed. The increase in radiation strength and downshift in radiation frequency with increasing lateral target size can be interpreted using a simple model of the electrical capacity of the target.

Chen Ziyu; Li Jianfeng; Yu Yong; Li Xiaoya; Peng Qixian; Zhu Wenjun [National Key Laboratory of Shock Wave and Detonation Physics, Institute of Fluid Physics, China Academy of Engineering Physics, Mianyang, Sichuan 621900 (China); Wang Jiaxiang [State Key Laboratory of Precision Spectroscopy, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062 (China)

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

291

INNOVATIVE ELECTROMAGNETIC SENSORS FOR PIPELINE CRAWLERS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Internal inspection of pipelines is an important tool for ensuring safe and reliable delivery of fossil energy products. Current inspection systems that are propelled through the pipeline by the product flow cannot be used to inspect all pipelines because of the various physical barriers they encounter. Recent development efforts include a new generation of powered inspection platforms that crawl slowly inside a pipeline and are able to maneuver past the physical barriers that can limit inspection. At Battelle, innovative electromagnetic sensors are being designed and tested for these new pipeline crawlers. The various sensor types can be used to assess a wide range of pipeline anomalies including corrosion, mechanical damage, and cracks. Battelle has completed the second year of work on a projected three-year development effort. In the first year, two innovative electromagnetic inspection technologies were designed and tested. Both were based on moving high-strength permanent magnets to generate inspection energy. One system involved translating permanent magnets towards the pipe. A pulse of electric current would be induced in the pipe to oppose the magnetization according to Lenz's Law. The decay of this pulse would indicate the presence of defects in the pipe wall. This inspection method is similar to pulsed eddy current inspection methods, with the fundamental difference being the manner in which the current is generated. Details of this development effort were reported in the first semiannual report on this project. The second inspection methodology is based on rotating permanent magnets. The rotating exciter unit produces strong eddy currents in the pipe wall. At distances of a pipe diameter or more from the rotating exciter, the currents flow circumferentially. These circumferential currents are deflected by pipeline defects such as corrosion and axially aligned cracks. Simple sensors are used to detect the change in current densities in the pipe wall. The second semiannual report on this project reported on experimental and modeling results. The results showed that the rotating system was more adaptable to pipeline inspection and therefore only this system will be carried into the second year of the sensor development. In the third reporting period, the rotating system inspection was further developed. Since this is a new inspection modality without published fundamentals to build upon, basic analytical and experimental investigations were performed. A closed form equation for designing rotating exciters and positioning sensors was derived from fundamental principles. Also signal processing methods were investigated for detection and assessment of pipeline anomalies. A lock in amplifier approach was chosen as the method for detecting the signals. Finally, mechanical implementations for passing tight restrictions such as plug valves were investigated. This inspection concept is new and unique; a United States patent application has been submitted. In this fourth reporting period, the rotating system inspection was further developed. A multichannel real-time data recorder system was implemented and fundamental experiments were conducted to provide data to aid in the design of the rotating magnetizer system. An unexpected but beneficial result was achieved when examining the separation between the rotating magnet and the pipe wall; separations of over an inch could be tolerated. Essentially no change in signal from corrosion anomalies could be detected for separations up to 1.35 inches. The results presented in this report will be used to achieve the next deliverable, designs of components of the rotating inspection system that will function with inspection crawlers in a pipeline environment.

J. Bruce Nestleroth

2005-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

292

Eco-buzz: an interactive eco-feedback system based on cultural forms of play  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

I present the design of Eco-Buzz, an interactive system designed to engage families in informal learning activities in which they seek out hidden sources of energy consumption in their homes. The system combines an electro-magnetic field ... Keywords: children, cultural forms, energy vampires, families, learning, sustainable interaction design

Amartya Banerjee

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

On electromagnetic induction in electric conductors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Experimental validation of the Faraday's law of electromagnetic induction (EMI) is performed when an electromotive force is generated in thin copper turns, located inside a large magnetic coil. It has been established that the electromotive force (emf) value should be dependent not only on changes of the magnetic induction flux through a turn and on symmetry of its crossing by magnetic power lines also. The law of EMI is applicable in sufficient approximation in case of the changes of the magnetic field near the turn are symmetrical. Experimental study of the induced emf in arcs and a direct section of the conductor placed into the variable field has been carried out. Linear dependence of the induced emf on the length of the arc has been ascertained in case of the magnetic field distribution symmetry about it. Influence of the magnetic field symmetry on the induced emf in the arc has been observed. The curve of the induced emf in the direct section over period of current pulse is similar to this one for the turns and arcs. The general law of EMI for a curvilinear conductor has been deduced. Calculation of the induced emf in the turns wrapped over it and comparison with the experimental data has been made. The proportionality factor has been ascertained for the law. Special conditions have been described, when the induced emf may not exist in the presence of inductive current. Theoretical estimation of the inductive current has been made at a induced low voltage in the turn. It has been noted the necessity to take into account the concentration of current carriers in calculation of the induced emf in semiconductors and ionized conductors.

Alexander I. Korolev

2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

294

The crosswell electromagnetic response of layered media  

SciTech Connect

Crosswell electromagnetic measurements are a promising new geophysical technique for mapping subsurface electrical conductivity which can provide information about the subsurface distribution of water, oil or steam. In this work the fields from a low frequency vertical magnetic dipole have been examined from the specific point of view of their application to the determination of the conductivity of a layered medium. The source and the receiver were placed inside two separate boreholes. The range of penetration of such a crosswell system for typical earth resistivities and for currently available transmitter and receiver technologies was found to be up to 1,000 meters so problems in ground water and petroleum reservoir characteristics can be practically examined. An analysis of the behavior of the magnetic fields at the boundary between two half-spaces showed that the horizontal magnetic field component, H{rho}, and the vertical derivative of a vertical component, {delta}H{sub z}/{delta}z, are more sensitive to conductivity variations than H{sub z}. The analysis of derivatives led to the concept of measuring the conductivity directly using a second vertical derivative of H{sub z}. Conductivity profiles interpreted from field data using this technique reproduced accurately the electrical logs for a test site near Devine, Texas. It was found in this study that the inversion techniques are more stable when the first vertical derivative of H{sub z} is used rather than H{sub z} itself. Using data from a salt water injection experiment at the Richmond Field test site in Berkeley it was also found that these robust layer inversions were successful in identifying the preferential flow direction of the injected brine to four boreholes surrounding the injection well.

Deszcz-Pan, M. [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Mineral Engineering]|[Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States). Earth Sciences Div.

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Recoil Polarization Measurements of the Proton Electromagnetic Form Factor Ratio to High Momentum Transfer  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The electromagnetic form factors of the nucleon characterize the effect of its internal structure on its response to an electromagnetic probe as studied in elastic electronnucleon scattering. These form factors are functions of the squared four-momentum transfer Q2 between the electron and the proton. The two main classes of observables of this reaction are the scattering cross section and polarization asymmetries, both of which are sensitive to the form factors in different ways. When considering large f momentum transfers, double-polarization observables offer superior sensitivity to the electric form factor. This thesis reports the results of a new measurement of the ratio of the electric and magnetic form factors of the proton at high momentum transfer using the recoil polarization technique. A polarized electron beam was scattered from a liquid hydrogen target, transferring polarization to the recoiling protons. These protons were detected in a magnetic spectrometer which was used to reconstruct their kinematics, including their scattering angles and momenta, and the position of the interaction vertex. A proton polarimeter measured the polarization of the recoiling protons by measuring the azimuthal asymmetry in the angular distribution of protons scattered in CH2 analyzers. The scattered electron was detected in a large acceptance electromagnetic calorimeter in order to suppress inelastic backgrounds. The measured ratio of the transverse and longitudinal polarization components of the scattered proton is directly proportional to the ratio of form factors GpE=GpM. The measurements reported in this thesis took place at Q2 =5.2, 6.7, and 8.5 GeV2, and represent the most accurate measurements of GpE in this Q2 region to date.

Andrew Puckett

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Polarization and spatial coherence of electromagnetic waves in uncorrelated disordered media  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Spatial field correlation functions represent a key quantity for the description of mesoscopic phenomena in disordered media and the optical characterization of complex materials. Yet many aspects related to the vector nature of light waves have not been investigated so far. We study theoretically the polarization and coherence properties of electromagnetic waves produced by a dipole source in a three-dimensional uncorrelated disordered medium. The spatial field correlation matrix is calculated analytically using a multiple scattering theory for polarized light. This allows us to provide a formal description of the light depolarization process in terms of "polarization eigenchannels" and to derive analytical formulas for the spatial coherence of multiply-scattered light.

Vynck, Kevin; Carminati, Rémi

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

The effects of cultural noise on controlled source electromagnetic resonses of subsurface fractures in resistive terrain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Controlled source electromagnetic (CSEM) geophysics has been used with a fair amount of success in near surface hydrogeological studies. Recently, these investigations have been conducted frequently in human impacted field sites containing cultural conductors such as metal fences and buried pipes. Cultural noise adds an element of complexity to the geological interpretation of this type of data. This research investigates the influence of mutual induction between two buried targets in a CSEM experiment. In particular, it looks at the mutual coupling between a buried cultural conductor and a geological heterogeneity. We attempt to isolate the Hz field induced by tertiary currents in targets caused by mutual coupling. This is achieved with a Texas A&M 3D CSEM finite element code, which calculates the secondary Hz fields emanating from a target buried in a halfspace. Buried geological targets and cultural conductors are modeled as volumetric slabs embedded in a halfspace. A series of models have been simulated to study the effect of varying parameters such as target conductivity, transmitter location and shape of a target on the mutual inductance. In each case, the secondary Hz field is calculated for a model with two slabs, and two models with individual slabs. The mutual coupling is calculated by removing the secondary fields from the individual slab models from the response of a two slab model. The calculations of mutual inductance from a variety of such models suggests a complicated interaction of EM fields between the two targets. However, we can explain most of these complexities by adapting a simple approach to Maxwell’s equations. Although the tertiary Hz field is complicated, it may be useful in the characterization and delineation of electrical heterogeneities in the subsurface, which can then be related to geological features such as fractures or joints. It is seen that the most important factor affecting the mutual coupling is the host conductivity. The results have also shown that mutual coupling is very sensitive to transmitter (TX) location, especially when the TX is positioned near one of the targets.

Fernandes, Roland Anthony Savio

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

ELECTROMAGNETIC EXTRACTION OF ENERGY FROM BLACK-HOLE-NEUTRON-STAR BINARIES  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The coalescence of black-hole-neutron-star binaries is expected to be a principal source of gravitational waves for the next generation of detectors, Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo. For black hole masses not much larger than the neutron star mass, the tidal disruption of the neutron star by the black hole provides one avenue for generating an electromagnetic counterpart. However, in this work, we demonstrate that, for all black-hole-neutron-star binaries observable by Advanced LIGO/Virgo, the interaction of the black hole with the magnetic field of the neutron star will generate copious luminosity, comparable to supernovae and active galactic nuclei. This novel effect may have already been observed as a new class of very short gamma-ray bursts by the Swift Gamma-Ray Burst Telescope. These events may be observable to cosmological distances, so that any black-hole-neutron-star coalescence detectable with gravitational waves by Advanced LIGO/Virgo could also be detectable electromagnetically.

McWilliams, Sean T.; Levin, Janna, E-mail: stmcwill@princeton.edu [Institute for Strings, Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics (ISCAP), Columbia University, New York, NY 10027 (United States)

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Energy or Mass and Interaction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A review. Problems: 1-Many empirical parameters and large dimension number; 2-Gravitation and Electrodynamics are challenged by dark matter and energy. Energy and nonlinear electrodynamics are fundamental in a unified nonlinear interaction. Nuclear energy appears as nonlinear SU(2) magnetic energy. Gravitation and electromagnetism are unified giving Einstein's equation and a geometric energy momentum tensor. A solution energy in the newtonian limit gives the gravitational constant G. Outside of this limit G is variable. May be interpreted as dark matter or energy. In vacuum, known gravitational solutions are obtained. Electromagnetism is an SU(2) subgroup. A U(1) limit gives Maxwell's equations. Geometric fields determine a generalized Dirac equation and are the germ of quantum physics. Planck's h and of Einstein's c are given by the potential and the metric. Excitations have quanta of charge, flux and spin determining the FQHE. There are only three stable 1/2 spin fermions. Mass is a form of energy. The rest energies of the fermions give the proton/electron mass ratio. Potential excitations have energies equal to the weak boson masses allowing a geometric interpretation of Weinberg's angle. SU(2) gives the anomalous magnetic moments of proton, electron, neutron and generates nuclear range attractive potentials strong enough to produce the binding energies of the deuteron and other nuclides. Lepton and meson masses are due to topological excitations. The geometric mass spectrum is satisfactory. The proton has a triple structure. The alpha constant is a geometric number.

Gustavo R Gonzalez-Martin

2010-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

300

Electromagnetic soundings over a geothermal reservoir in Dixie Valley, Nevada  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

An electromagnetic (EM) sounding survey was performed over a region encompassing the Dixie Valley geothermal field with the purpose of mapping the subsurface resistivity in the geothermal field and its surroundings. The EM survey consisted of 19 frequency-domain depth soundings made with the EM-60 system using three separate horizontal-loop transmitters, and was designed to explore a narrow region adjacent to the Stillwater Range to a depth of 2 to 3 k. Most sounding curves could be fitted to three-layer resistivity models. The surface layer is moderately conductive (10 to 15 ohm-m), has a maximum thickness of 500 m, and consists mainly of alluvial fan and lake sediments. More conductive zones are associated with hydrothermally altered rocks; a resistivity high may be associated with siliceous hot spring deposits. The conductive second layer (2 to 5 ohm-m) varies in thickness from 400 to 800 m and thickens toward the center of the valley. This layer probably consists of lacustrine sediments saturated with saline waters. Local resistivity lows observed in the second layer may be related to elevated subsurface temperatures. This layer may act as a cap rock for the geothermal system. Resistivities of the third layer are high (50 to 100 ohm-m) except in a narrow 5-km band paralleling the range front. This low-resistivity zone, within volcanic rocks, correlates well in depth and location with reported zones of geothermal fluid production. It also seems to correlate with the western margin of a concealed graben structure previously inferred from other geophysical data.

Wilt, M.J.; Goldstein, N.E.

1983-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interactive electromagnetic relations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Z-Axis Tipper Electromagnetics | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Z-Axis Tipper Electromagnetics Z-Axis Tipper Electromagnetics Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Z-Axis Tipper Electromagnetics Details Activities (2) Areas (2) Regions (0) NEPA(1) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Geophysical Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Electrical Techniques Parent Exploration Technique: Magnetotelluric Techniques Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Stratigraphic/Structural: Hydrological: Thermal: Cost Information Low-End Estimate (USD): 4,827.00482,700 centUSD 4.827 kUSD 0.00483 MUSD 4.827e-6 TUSD / mile Median Estimate (USD): 6,206.14620,614 centUSD 6.206 kUSD 0.00621 MUSD 6.20614e-6 TUSD / mile High-End Estimate (USD): 17,239.291,723,929 centUSD 17.239 kUSD 0.0172 MUSD 1.723929e-5 TUSD / mile Dictionary.png

302

Method for imaging with low frequency electromagnetic fields  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for imaging with low frequency electromagnetic fields, and for interpreting the electromagnetic data using ray tomography, in order to determine the earth conductivity with high accuracy and resolution. The imaging method includes the steps of placing one or more transmitters, at various positions in a plurality of transmitter holes, and placing a plurality of receivers in a plurality of receiver holes. The transmitters generate electromagnetic signals which diffuse through a medium, such as earth, toward the receivers. The measured diffusion field data H is then transformed into wavefield data U. The traveltimes corresponding to the wavefield data U, are then obtained, by charting the wavefield data U, using a different regularization parameter .alpha. for each transform. The desired property of the medium, such as conductivity, is then derived from the velocity, which in turn is constructed from the wavefield data U using ray tomography.

Lee, Ki H. (Lafayette, CA); Xie, Gan Q. (Berkeley, CA)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Electromagnetic Transition in Waveguide with Application to Lasers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The electromagnetic transition of two-level atomic systems in a waveguide is calculated. Compared with the result in free space, the spontaneous emission rate decrease because the phase space is smaller, and meanwhile, some resonance appears in some cases. Moreover, the influence of non-uniform electromagnetic field in a waveguide on absorption and stimulated emission is considered. Applying the results to lasers, a method to enhance the laser power is proposed. PACS codes: 42.50.ct, 42.55.Ah 1

unknown authors

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Improved Magnetic Fusion Energy Economics via Massive Resistive Electromagnets  

SciTech Connect

Abandoning superconductors for magnetic fusion reactors and instead using resistive magnet designs based on cheap copper or aluminum conductor material operating at "room temperature" (300 K) can reduce the capital cost per unit fusion power and simplify plant operations. By increasing unit size well beyond that of present magnetic fusion energy conceptual designs using superconducting electromagnets, the recirculating power fraction needed to operate resistive electromagnets can be made as close to zero as needed for economy without requiring superconductors. Other advantages of larger fusion plant size, such as very long inductively driven pulses, may also help reduce the cost per unit fusion power.

Woolley, R.D.

1998-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

305

Recoil polarization measurements of the proton electromagnetic form factor ratio to high momentum transfer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The electromagnetic form factors of the nucleon characterize the effect of its internal structure on its response to an electromagnetic probe as studied in elastic electronnucleon scattering. These form factors are functions ...

Puckett, Andrew James Ruehe

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Cryogenic heat pipe for cooling high temperature superconductors with application to Electromagnetic Formation Flight Satellites  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An emerging method of propellant-less formation flight propulsion is the use of electromagnets coupled with reaction wheels. This technique is called Electromagnetic Formation Flight (EMFF). In order to create a large ...

Kwon, Daniel W., 1980-

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

In-Flight Characterization of the Electromagnetic Environment Inside an Airliner  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In 1995, the NASA Langley Research Center conducted a series of experimental measurements that characterized the electromagnetic environment (EME) inside a Boeing 757 airliner while in flight. Measurements were made of the electromagnetic energy coupled ...

Moeller Karl J.; Dudley Kenneth L.; Quach Cuong C.; Koppen Sandra V.

2001-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Rayleigh-Taylor-Induced electromagnetic fields in laser-produced plasmas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Spontaneous electromagnetic fields can be important to the dynamic evolution of a plasma by directing heat flow as well as providing additional pressures on the conducting fluids through the Lorentz force. Electromagnetic ...

Manuel, Mario John-Errol

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Electromagnetic analysis of forces and torques on the ITER shield modules due to plasma disruption.  

SciTech Connect

An electromagnetic analysis is performed on the ITER shield modules under different plasma disruption scenarios using the OPERA-3d software. The modeling procedure is explained, electromagnetic torques are presented, and results of the modeling are discussed.

Kotulski, Joseph Daniel; Coats, Rebecca Sue; Pasik, Michael Francis; Ulrickson, Michael Andrew

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Electromagnetic Casimir Forces of Parabolic Cylinder and Knife-Edge Geometries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An exact calculation of electromagnetic scattering from a perfectly conducting parabolic cylinder is employed to compute Casimir forces in several configurations. These include interactions between a parabolic cylinder and a plane, two parabolic cylinders, and a parabolic cylinder and an ordinary cylinder. To elucidate the effect of boundaries, special attention is focused on the "knife-edge" limit in which the parabolic cylinder becomes a half-plane. Geometrical effects are illustrated by considering arbitrary rotations of a parabolic cylinder around its focal axis, and arbitrary translations perpendicular to this axis. A quite different geometrical arrangement is explored for the case of an ordinary cylinder placed in the interior of a parabolic cylinder. All of these results extend simply to nonzero temperatures.

Noah Graham; Alexander Shpunt; Thorsten Emig; Sahand Jamal Rahi; Robert L. Jaffe; Mehran Kardar

2011-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

311

Frobenius Curvature, Electromagnetic Strain and Description of Photon-like Objects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper aims to present a general idea for description of spatially finite physical objects with a consistent nontrivial translational-rotational dynamical structure and evolution as a whole, making use of the mathematical concepts and structures connected with the Frobenius integrability/nonintegrability theorems and electromagnetic strain quantities. The idea is based on consideration of {\\it nonintegrable} subdistributions of some appropriate completely integrable distribution (differential system) on a manifold and then to make use of the corresponding curvatures and correspondingly directed strains as measures of interaction, i.e. of energy-momentum exchange among the physical subsystems mathematically represented by the nonintegrable subdistributions. The concept of photon-like object is introduced and description (including lagrangian) of such objects in these terms is given.

Stoil Donev; Maria Tashkova

2007-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

312

Frobenius Curvature, Electromagnetic Strain and Description of Photon-like Objects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper aims to present a general idea for description of spatially finite physical objects with a consistent nontrivial translational-rotational dynamical structure and evolution as a whole, making use of the mathematical concepts and structures connected with the Frobenius integrability/nonintegrability theorems and electromagnetic strain quantities. The idea is based on consideration of {\\it nonintegrable} subdistributions of some appropriate completely integrable distribution (differential system) on a manifold and then to make use of the corresponding curvatures and correspondingly directed strains as measures of interaction, i.e. of energy-momentum exchange among the physical subsystems mathematically represented by the nonintegrable subdistributions. The concept of photon-like object is introduced and description (including lagrangian) of such objects in these terms is given.

Donev, Stoil

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Photoelectron emission from LiF surfaces by ultrashort electromagnetic pulses  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Energy- and angle-resolved electron emission spectra produced by incidence of ultrashort electromagnetic pulses on a LiF(001) surface are studied by employing a distorted-wave method named the crystal surface-Volkov (CSV) approximation. The theory makes use of the Volkov phase to describe the action of the external electric field on the emitted electron, while the electron-surface interaction is represented within the tight-binding model. The CSV approach is applied to investigate the effects introduced by the crystal lattice when the electric field is oriented parallel to the surface plane. These effects are essentially governed by the vector potential of the external field, while the influence of the crystal orientation was found to be negligible.

Acuna, M. A. [Instituto de Astronomia y Fisica del Espacio, Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cientificas y Tecnicas, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires (Argentina); Gravielle, M. S. [Instituto de Astronomia y Fisica del Espacio, Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cientificas y Tecnicas, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires (Argentina); Departamento de Fisica, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires (Argentina)

2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

314

Electromagnetic Casimir forces of parabolic cylinder and knife-edge geometries  

SciTech Connect

An exact calculation of electromagnetic scattering from a perfectly conducting parabolic cylinder is employed to compute Casimir forces in several configurations. These include interactions between a parabolic cylinder and a plane, two parabolic cylinders, and a parabolic cylinder and an ordinary cylinder. To elucidate the effect of boundaries, special attention is focused on the 'knife-edge' limit in which the parabolic cylinder becomes a half-plane. Geometrical effects are illustrated by considering arbitrary rotations of a parabolic cylinder around its focal axis, and arbitrary translations perpendicular to this axis. A quite different geometrical arrangement is explored for the case of an ordinary cylinder placed in the interior of a parabolic cylinder. All of these results extend simply to nonzero temperatures.

Graham, Noah [Department of Physics, Middlebury College, Middlebury, Vermont 05753 (United States); Shpunt, Alexander; Kardar, Mehran [Department of Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States); Emig, Thorsten [Laboratoire de Physique Theorique et Modeles Statistiques, CNRS UMR 8626, Bat. 100, Universite Paris-Sud, 91405 Orsay cedex (France); Rahi, Sahand Jamal [Department of Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States); Center for Studies in Physics and Biology, The Rockefeller University, 1230 York Street, New York, New York 10065 (United States); Jaffe, Robert L. [Department of Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States); Center for Theoretical Physics and Laboratory for Nuclear Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States)

2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

315

Comment on ''Chaotic electron trajectories in an electromagnetic wiggler free-electron laser with ion-channel guiding'' [Phys. Plasmas 17, 093103 (2010)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The chaotic electron dynamics in a free-electron laser with electromagnetic-wave wiggler and ion-channel has been recently reported by A. Taghavi et al.[Phys. Plasmas 17, 093103 (2010)]. We comment on the authors use of a set of initial condition that is not correct based on the dispersion relation and steady-state orbits.

Nasr, N.; Hasanbeigi, A. [Department of Physics and Institute for Plasma Research, Tarbiat Moallem University, 49 Dr Mofatteh Avenue, Tehran 15614 (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2011-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

316

Electro-optical and Magneto-optical Sensing Apparatus and Method for Characterizing Free-space Electromagnetic Radiation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Apparatus and methods for characterizing free-space electromagnetic energy, and in particular, apparatus/method suitable for real-time two-dimensional far-infrared imaging applications are presented. The sensing technique is based on a non-linear coupling between a low-frequency electric (or magnetic) field and a laser beam in an electro-optic (or magnetic-optic) crystal. In addition to a practical counter-propagating sensing technique, a co-linear approach is described which provides longer radiated field-optical beam interaction length, thereby making imaging applications practical.

Zhang, Xi-Cheng; Riordan, Jenifer Ann; Sun, Feng-Guo

2000-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

317

Electromagnetic pump stator frame having power crossover struts  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A stator frame for an electromagnetic pump includes a casing joined to a hub by a plurality of circumferentially spaced apart struts. At least one electrically insulated power crossover lead extends through the hub, through a crossover one of the struts, and through the casing for carrying electrical current therethrough.

Fanning, Alan W. (San Jose, CA); Olich, Eugene E. (Aptos, CA)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Electromagnetically induced vorticity control in a quantum fluid velocity field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new method is reported by which it is possible to induce certain flux configurations of desired characteristics via electromagnetic means into the overall quantum probability current of a many-body system in the Madelung hydrodynamic picture. Some indicative applications are also considered with emphasis in HTC and gravitational wave research.

T. E. Raptis

2013-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

319

Gravitational Waves versus Electromagnetic Emission in Gamma-Ray Bursts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The recent progress in the understanding the physical nature of neutron star equilibrium configurations and the first observational evidence of a genuinely Short Gamma-Ray Burst, GRB 090227B, allows to give an estimate of the gravitational waves versus electromagnetic emission in a Gamma-Ray Burst.

Jorge A. Rueda; Remo Ruffini

2012-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

320

Monitoring Electromagnetic Pollution: A GIS-Based Visual Approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the last years, the attention of the public community on electro-magnetic pollution has continuously grown. In this paper we argue that the use of Geographic Information Systems in this domain should be encouraged as a valid support to the monitoring ...

Luca Paolino; Monica Sebillo; Genoveffa Tortora; Giuliana Vitiello

2001-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interactive electromagnetic relations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

On Scattering of Electromagnetic Waves by a Wormhole  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider scattering of a plane electromagnetic wave by a wormhole. It is found that the scattered wave is partially depolarized and has a specific interference picture depending on parameters of the wormhole and the distance to the observer. It is proposed that such features can be important in the direct search of wormholes.

A. A. Kirillov; E. P. Savelova

2011-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

322

On Scattering of Electromagnetic Waves by a Wormhole  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider scattering of a plane electromagnetic wave by a wormhole. It is found that the scattered wave is partially depolarized and has a specific interference picture depending on parameters of the wormhole and the distance to the observer. It is proposed that such features can be important in the direct search of wormholes.

Kirillov, A A

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Electromagnetic interferences from plasmas generated in meteoroids impacts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Submitted to Europhysics Letters. It is shown that the plasma, generated during an impact of a meteoroid with an artificial satellite, can produce electromagnetic radiations below the microwave frequency range. These interferences can disturb the regular satellite operations. Pacs 96.50.Kr: Meteors and meteoroids. Pacs 52.50.Lp: Plasma production and heating by shock waves and compression.

Luigi Foschini

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Metallic Mesh Filter Used for Electromagnetic Shielding of Infrared Window  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In order to meet anti-electromagnetism interference performance requirements of infrared window, a metallic mesh coating must be used on the infrared window. From the diffraction theory of grating and the equivalent circuit method, simplified expressions ... Keywords: stealth technology, electro-optical countermeasure, transparent conductive coating, metallic mesh filter, infrared window

Jia-Li Song, Xiao-Guo Feng

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Electromagnetic energy flow lines as possible paths of photons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Motivated by recent experiments where interference patterns behind a grating are obtained by accumulating single photon events, here we provide an electromagnetic energy flow-line description to explain the emergence of such patterns. We find and discuss an analogy between the equation describing these energy flow lines and the equation of Bohmian trajectories used to describe the motion of massive particles.

M. Davidovic; A. S. Sanz; D. Arsenovic; M. Bozic; S. Miret-Artes

2008-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

326

Electromagnetic interferences from plasmas generated in meteoroids impacts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is shown that the plasma, generated during an impact of a meteoroid with an artificial satellite, can produce electromagnetic radiation below the microwave frequency range. This interference is shown to exceed local noise sources and might disturb regular satellite operations.

Luigi Foschini

1998-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

327

Electromagnetic fields and transport coefficients in a hot pion gas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present recent results on finite temperature electromagnetic form factors and the electrical conductivity in a pion gas. The standard Chiral Perturbation Theory power counting needs to be modified for transport coefficients. We pay special attention to unitarity and to possible applications for dilepton and photon production.

A. Gomez Nicola; D. Fernandez-Fraile

2006-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

328

The electromagnetic calorimeter for the STAR experiment at RHIC  

SciTech Connect

The STAR detector at RHIC can be used both for searches for quark-gluon plasma and for high energy pp spin physics. An electromagnetic calorimeter is being planned which will be used for triggering on High pt direct gammas, e[sup [plus minus

Underwood, D.G.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Measurement and characterization of substation electromagnetic transients. Final report  

SciTech Connect

Little quantitative data exists on radiated electromagnetic interference in substations arising from substation transients. The electromagnetic transient noise produced by normal substation activity such as opening switches and breakers can be significant. Additionally, abnormal events such as faults cause similar electromagnetic noise. The lack of data is in part because suitable measurement equipment techniques have not been generally available to utilities. A new approach to the measurement and characterization of electromagnetic interference caused by substation transients has been developed. A data acquisition system for measurements has been designed and constructed for field use with a bandwidth capability exceeding 100 MHz. Measurements have been taken from staged operations in substations and the resulting data analyzed using specialized computer programs developed for this project. The measurement techniques are presented and the analysis procedures explained in detail. The transients caused by equipment operations in several substations have been studied resulting in an understanding of the expected or typical amplitudes and frequencies of the resulting noise. Suggestions as to equipment tests and withstand levels have been made. An appendix includes raw and analyzed data for research use.

Russell, B.D.

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Electromagnetically induced transparency over spectral hole-burning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electromagnetically induced transparency over spectral hole-burning temperature in a rare the spectral hole-burning temperature. The transmission of the probe laser beam is increased by a factor of exp over the spectral hole-burning temperature in a rare-earth­doped solid represents important progress

Shahriar, Selim

331

Mapping clay content variation using electromagnetic induction techniques  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Effective management of the soil resource requires basic information about the spatial distribution of various attributes. A method widely used for providing spatial information is a combination of sampling strategies and geostatistics. However, geostatistical ... Keywords: EM34, EM38, Electromagnetic induction, Fuzzy k-means and extragrades classification, Spatial response surface sampling

J. Triantafilis; S. M. Lesch

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Parallel Magnetic Flow Electromagnet for Movable Coil Control-rod Driving Mechanism  

SciTech Connect

The parallel magnetic flow electromagnet can effectively relax the saturation, which easily takes place in the single magnetic flow electromagnet, and accordingly can improve the drive capacity of the movable coil electromagnet drive mechanism for a mobile reactor control rod. (authors)

Jige, Zhang [School of Mechanical Engineering, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai 200030, P.R.China, 1954 Huashan road, Shanghai (China)

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Generation and Manipulation of Multi-Color Stationary Light Field Using Electromagnetically Induced Transperancy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dynamic control of a weak quantum probe light pulse for the generation and quantum manipulations of a stationary multi-color (MC-) light field in a resonant coherent atomic medium using electromagnetically induced transparency is proposed. The manipulations have been analyzed based on the analytical solution of the adiabatic limit in the evolution of MC-light fields resulting from interaction of the slow probe light with the new fields generated in the nondegenerate multi-wave mixing scheme. We have found a critical stopping condition for the MC-light fields where the group velocity of light should reduce down to zero. Semiclassical dynamics and behavior of specific quantum correlations of the MC-light fields have been studied in detail for particular initial quantum states of the probe pulse. The stationary MC-field dynamics are treated in terms of dark MC-polariton states constructed for the studied multi-wave mixing processes. We have found the conditions for optimal manipulation of the MC-light while preserving the delicate quantum correlations of the initial probe light pulse. The quantum manipulations leading to the frequency and direction switching of the initial probe light pulse as well as to the quantum swapping of probe light into the new multi-frequency light fields have been proposed. The possibilities of the interaction time lengthening and enhancement of the electric field amplitudes of the stationary MC-light are also discussed for enhancement of the interactions with weak quantum fields in the spatially limited media.

S. A. Moiseev; B. S. Ham

2006-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

334

ON THE PHYSICS OF GALVANIC SOURCE ELECTROMAGNETIC GEOPHYSICAL METHODS FOR TERRESTRIAL AND MARINE EXPLORATION  

SciTech Connect

A numerical study was conducted to investigate the governing physics of galvanic source electromagnetic (EM) methods for terrestrial and marine exploration scenarios. The terrestrial exploration scenario involves the grounded electric dipole source EM (GESTEM) method and the examination of how the GESTEM method can resolve a thin resistive layer representing underground gas and/or hydrocarbon storage. Numerical modeling studies demonstrate that the loop transient EM (TEM) and magnetotelluric (MT) methods are insensitive to a thin horizontal resistor at depth because they utilize horizontal currents. In contrast to these standard EM methods, the GESTEM method generates both vertical and horizontal transient currents. The vertical transient current interacts with a thin horizontal resistor and causes charge buildup on its surface. These charges produce a measurable perturbation in the surface electric field at early time. The degree of perturbation depends on source waveform. When the GESTEM method is energized with step-off waveform, the perturbation due to a thin horizontal resistor is small. This is because the step-off waveform mainly consists of low frequency signals. An alternative is taking the time-derivative of the step-off responses to approximate the impulse response which includes higher frequency signals. In order to improve degree of perturbation especially due to a localized small 3-D resistor, the diffusion angle of the vertical transient current, 45 should be considered to make vertical currents coupled to a resistive target efficiently. The major drawback of the GESTEM method lies in the fact that GESTEM sounding can not be interpreted using 1-D inversion schemes if there is near-surface inhomogeneity. The marine exploration scenario investigates the physics of marine frequency-domain controlled source EM (FDCSEM) and time-domain controlled source EM (TDCSEM) methods to explore resistive hydrocarbon reservoirs in marine environments. Unlike the marine MT (MMT) method, these two methods are very sensitive to a thin hydrocarbon reservoir at depth because their sources generate vertical as well as horizontal currents. As for the FDCSEM method, the normalized EM peak response occurs where the airwave starts to dominate the seafloor EM response in the background model. This point is a function of source frequency, seawater depth and seafloor resistivity. The peak magnitude of the normalized EM response depends on whether the high concentration of vertical currents can reach and interact with the reservoir effectively. Noise levels of the EM receivers are important factors for successful FDCSEM and TDCSEM survey design. The major benefit of using magnetic field responses over electric ones is that the noise level of magnetic receiver theoretically allows for greater surface coverage compared to that of the electric receiver. Like the GESTEM method, the TDCSEM method also requires the use of a proper transient EM pulse such that the relatively high frequencies are produced. The impulse response of the TDCSEM method is characterized by two-path diffusion of the EM signal. The initial response is caused by faster signal diffusion through the less conductive seafloor, while the later arrivals result from slower diffusion through the more conductive seawater. Therefore, at larger separations, the effects of the seafloor and seawater are separable. This can be useful in reducing the airwave problem associated with the FDCSEM method in shallow marine environments.

David Alumbaugh and Evan Um

2007-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

335

Fundamental Structure of Matter and Strong Interaction  

SciTech Connect

More than 99% of the visible matter in the universe are the protons and neutrons. Their internal structure is mostly governed by the strong interaction. Understanding their internal structure in terms of fundamental degrees-of-freedom is one of the most important subjects in modern physics. Worldwide efforts in the last few decades have lead to numerous surprises and discoveries, but major challenges still remain. An overview of the progress will be presented with a focus on the recent studies of the proton and neutron's electromagnetic and spin structure. Future perspectives will be discussed.

Jian-Ping Chen

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Electromagnetic Pulse and Intentional Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) Threats to the Power Grid: Characterization of the Threat, Available Countermeasures, and Opportunities for Technology Research  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In 2012, the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) researched and published a white paper that provided background and an introduction to the topic of electromagnetic attacks of various forms, including electromagnetic pulse (EMP), high altitude EMP (HEMP), and intentional electromagnetic interference (IEMI). That white paper was the first in a series of EPRI papers and reports that address the potential impacts of—and mitigation strategies for—various types of high-impact, ...

2013-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

337

Interaction of biological systems with static and ELF electric and magnetic fields  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Although background levels of atmospheric electric and geomagnetic field levels are extremely low, over the past several decades, human beings and other life forms on this planet have been subjected to a dramatically changing electromagnetic milieu. An exponential increase in exposure to electromagnetic fields has occurred, largely because of such technological advances as the growth of electrical power generation and transmission systems, the increased use of wireless communications, and the use of radar. In addition, electromagnetic field generating devices have proliferated in industrial plants, office buildings, homes, public transportation systems, and elsewhere. Although significant increases have occurred in electromagnetic field strenghths spanning all frequency ranges, this symposium addresses only the impact of these fields at static and extremely low frequencies (ELF), primarily 50 and 60 Hz. This volume contains the proceedings of the symposium entitled /open quotes/Interaction of biological systems with static and ELF electric and magnetic fields/close quotes/. The purpose of the symposium was to provide a forum for discussions of all aspects of research on the interaction of static and ELF electromagnetic fields with biological systems. These systems include simple biophysical models, cell and organ preparations, whole animals, and man. Dosimetry, exposure system design, and artifacts in ELF bioeffects research were also addressed, along with current investigations that examine fundamental mechanisms of interactions between the fields and biological processes. Papers are indexed separately.

Anderson, L.E.; Kelman, B.J.; Weigel, R.J. (eds.)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Research into Orbital Motion Stability in System of Two Magnetically Interacting Bodies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The stability of the orbital motion of two long cylindrical magnets interacting exclusively with magnetic forces is described. To carry out analytical studies a model of magnetically interacting symmetric tops [1] is used. The model was previously developed within the quasi-stationary approach for an electromagnetic field based on the general expression of the energy of interacting magnetic bodies [2]. A special role in the investigation of the stability of orbital motions is played by the so-called relative equilibria [3], i.e. the trajectories of the system dynamics which are at the same time one-parameter subgroups of the system invariance group. Nowadays their stability is normally investigated using two similar approaches -- energy-momentum and energy-Casimir methods. The most suitable criterion for the system stability investigation was formulated in the theorem of [4]; this stability criterion successfully generalizes both the methods mentioned above and covers the Hamiltonian formalism based on Poisson structures [1]. The necessary and sufficient conditions for the circular orbit stability are derived from this theorem.

Stanislav Zub

2011-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

339

Electromagnetic interactions between the U-25 superconducting magnet and the U-25 B MHD flow train  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Fluctuating voltage signals on the potential taps of the Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) 5.0 Tesla MHD Superconducting Dipole Magnet have been observed during MHD power generation at the U-25 B Facility at the High Temperature Institute (IVAN), Moscow, U.S.S.R. The voltage fluctuations are analyzed with special emphasis on magnet stability. Various other thermodynamic and electrical parameters of the U-25 B flow train have been recorded and statistical correlations between these signals and the signals observed at the magnet terminals are described.

Smith, R.P.; Niemann, R.C.; Kraimer, M.R.; Zinneman, T.E.

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Electromagnetic wave interactions with 2D arrays of single-wall carbon nanotubes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report, for the first time, the scattering, absorption, and reflection characteristics of 2D arrays of finite-length, armchair, single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) in the visible frequency regime. The analysis is based on the Finite-Element-Method ...

Taha A. Elwi; Hussain M. Al-Rizzo

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interactive electromagnetic relations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

HOT ELECTROMAGNETIC OUTFLOWS. II. JET BREAKOUT  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider the interaction between radiation, matter, and a magnetic field in a compact, relativistic jet. The entrained matter accelerates outward as the jet breaks out of a star or other confining medium. In some circumstances, such as gamma-ray bursts (GRBs), the magnetization of the jet is greatly reduced by an advected radiation field while the jet is optically thick to scattering. Where magnetic flux surfaces diverge rapidly, a strong outward Lorentz force develops and radiation and matter begin to decouple. The increase in magnetization is coupled to a rapid growth in Lorentz factor. We take two approaches to this problem. The first examines the flow outside the fast magnetosonic critical surface, and calculates the flow speed and the angular distribution of the radiation field over a range of scattering depths. The second considers the flow structure on both sides of the critical surface in the optically thin regime, using a relaxation method. In both approaches, we find how the terminal Lorentz factor and radial profile of the outflow depend on the radiation intensity and optical depth at breakout. The effect of bulk Compton scattering on the radiation spectrum is calculated by a Monte Carlo method, while neglecting the effects of internal dissipation. The peak of the scattered spectrum sits near the seed peak if radiation pressure dominates the acceleration, but is pushed to a higher frequency if the Lorentz force dominates. The unscattered seed radiation can form a distinct, low-frequency component of the spectrum, especially if the magnetic Poynting flux dominates.

Russo, Matthew [Department of Physics, University of Toronto, 60 St. George Street, Toronto, ON M5S 1A7 (Canada); Thompson, Christopher [Canadian Institute for Theoretical Astrophysics, 60 St. George Street, Toronto, ON M5S 3H8 (Canada)

2013-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

342

The Study of Electromagnetic Field Response Using Very Low Frequency Methods in Geothermal Area, Sabang  

SciTech Connect

Electromagnetic field measurements have been performed using the method of Very Low Frequency tilt angle pattern in Jaboi, Sabang. A site survey was conducted and carried out to identify the anomalies of location, depth and geometry of hydrothermal based on tilt angle measurement and ellipse. Objective of this study is to see the response of the magnetic and electric field in relation to location, depth and hydrothermal geometry. The devices of T-VLF-R IRIS was used in this study, while the (NWC) station was selected as main station and (JJF4) station was selected as comparison station. The electromagnetic field survey was recorded for a line spanned as long as 900 meters at the interval of 10 meter depth. The results of this study show the greatest anomaly occurred at line interval between 400-600 meters with a depth of 10-140 meters. Anomaly pattern of each depth shows that the propagation pattern of hydrothermal is in the form of vertical pipe flow.

Isa, M. [Departement of Physics Syiah Kuala University Banda Aceh, 23111 (Indonesia); School of Physics, Universiti Sains Malaysia 11800, Penang (Malaysia); Lim, H. S.; Jafri, M. Z. Mat [School of Physics, Universiti Sains Malaysia 11800, Penang (Malaysia)

2011-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

343

Bi-Plasma Interactions on Femtosecond Time-Scales  

SciTech Connect

Ultrafast THz radiation has important applications in materials science studies, such as characterizing transport properties, studying the vibrational response of materials, and in recent years, controlling materials and elucidating their response in intense electromagnetic fields. THz fields can be generated in a lab setting using various plasma-based techniques. This study seeks to examine the interaction of two plasmas in order to better understand the fundamental physics associated with femtosecond filamentation processes and to achieve more efficient THz generation in a lab setting. The intensity of fluorescence in the region of overlap was measured as a function of polarization, power, and relative time delay of the two plasma-generating laser beams. Results of time dependent intensity studies indicate strikingly similar behaviors across polarizations and power levels; a sudden intensity spike was observed at time-zero, followed by a secondary maxima and subsequent decay to the initial plasma intensity. Dependence of the intensity on the power through either beam arm was also observed. Spectral studies of the enhanced emission were also carried out. Although this physical phenomenon is still not fully understood, future studies, including further spectral analysis of the fluorescence overlap, could yield new insight into the ultrafast processes occurring at the intersection of femtosecond filaments, and would provide a better understanding of the mechanisms for enhanced THz production.

2011-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

344

A Numerical Evaluation Of Electromagnetic Methods In Geothermal Exploration  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: A Numerical Evaluation Of Electromagnetic Methods In Geothermal Exploration Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: The size and low resistivity of the clay cap associated with a geothermal system create a target well suited for electromagnetic (EM) methods and also make electrical detection of the underlying geothermal reservoir a challenge. Using 3-D numerical models, we evaluate four EM techniques for use in geothermal exploration: magnetotellurics (MT), controlled-source audio magnetotellurics (CSAMT), long-offset time-domain EM (LOTEM), and short-offset time-domain EM (TEM). Our results show that all of these techniques can delineate the clay cap, but none can be said to unequivocally detect the reservoir. We do find, however, that the EM

345

Coupled Electromagnetic and Thermal Modeling of Microwave Tissue Processing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study deals with 3D finite element modeling of microwave tissue processing using Comsol software 4.0. Maxwell’s equations are coupled with heat conduction equation to determine electromagnetic field distribution and temperature profile within tissue sample in a reagent inside a domestic microwave oven. The microwave power generation term is calculated. Also, temperature distribution obtained is compared with experimental point measurements recorded in the centre of the tissue using a shielded K type thermocouple. Good agreement is found between numerical and experimental data. The effect of size of both reagent and tissue as well as tissue type on microwave heating patterns within tissue sample is investigated. Studies shows that the reagent volume has greater effect than other factors. The results of the study is considered as a basic foundation for development of coupled electromagnetic thermal models of microwave heating of tissue specimens. The model assists in choosing appropriate process parameters for achieving uniform temperature distribution within tissue specimen.

Osama A Hassan; Ahmed H K; Il Ences; Ahmed M El Bialy

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Structures, systems and methods for harvesting energy from electromagnetic radiation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Methods, devices and systems for harvesting energy from electromagnetic radiation are provided including harvesting energy from electromagnetic radiation. In one embodiment, a device includes a substrate and one or more resonance elements disposed in or on the substrate. The resonance elements are configured to have a resonant frequency, for example, in at least one of the infrared, near-infrared and visible light spectra. A layer of conductive material may be disposed over a portion of the substrate to form a ground plane. An optical resonance gap or stand-off layer may be formed between the resonance elements and the ground plane. The optical resonance gap extends a distance between the resonance elements and the layer of conductive material approximately one-quarter wavelength of a wavelength of the at least one resonance element's resonant frequency. At least one energy transfer element may be associated with the at least one resonance element.

Novack, Steven D. (Idaho Falls, ID); Kotter, Dale K. (Shelley, ID); Pinhero, Patrick J. (Columbia, MO)

2011-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

347

Energy harvesting devices for harvesting energy from terahertz electromagnetic radiation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Methods, devices and systems for harvesting energy from electromagnetic radiation are provided including harvesting energy from electromagnetic radiation. In one embodiment, a device includes a substrate and one or more resonance elements disposed in or on the substrate. The resonance elements are configured to have a resonant frequency, for example, in at least one of the infrared, near-infrared and visible light spectra. A layer of conductive material may be disposed over a portion of the substrate to form a ground plane. An optical resonance gap or stand-off layer may be formed between the resonance elements and the ground plane. The optical resonance gap extends a distance between the resonance elements and the layer of conductive material approximately one-quarter wavelength of a wavelength of the at least one resonance element's resonant frequency. At least one energy transfer element may be associated with the at least one resonance element.

Novack, Steven D.; Kotter, Dale K.; Pinhero, Patrick J.

2012-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

348

Structures, systems and methods for harvesting energy from electromagnetic radiation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Methods, devices and systems for harvesting energy from electromagnetic radiation are provided including harvesting energy from electromagnetic radiation. In one embodiment, a device includes a substrate and one or more resonance elements disposed in or on the substrate. The resonance elements are configured to have a resonant frequency, for example, in at least one of the infrared, near-infrared and visible light spectra. A layer of conductive material may be disposed over a portion of the substrate to form a ground plane. An optical resonance gap or stand-off layer may be formed between the resonance elements and the ground plane. The optical resonance gap extends a distance between the resonance elements and the layer of conductive material approximately one-quarter wavelength of a wavelength of the at least one resonance element's resonant frequency. At least one energy transfer element may be associated with the at least one resonance element.

Novack, Steven D. (Idaho Falls, ID); Kotter, Dale K. (Shelley, ID); Pinhero, Patrick J. (Columbia, MO)

2011-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

349

Dike/Drift Interactions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report presents and documents the model components and analyses that represent potential processes associated with propagation of a magma-filled crack (dike) migrating upward toward the surface, intersection of the dike with repository drifts, flow of magma in the drifts, and post-magma emplacement effects on repository performance. The processes that describe upward migration of a dike and magma flow down the drift are referred to as the dike intrusion submodel. The post-magma emplacement processes are referred to as the post-intrusion submodel. Collectively, these submodels are referred to as a conceptual model for dike/drift interaction. The model components and analyses of the dike/drift interaction conceptual model provide the technical basis for assessing the potential impacts of an igneous intrusion on repository performance, including those features, events, and processes (FEPs) related to dike/drift interaction (Section 6.1).

E. Gaffiney

2004-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

350

Electromagnetic Casimir Energies of Semi-Infinite Planes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using recently developed techniques based on scattering theory, we find the electromagnetic Casimir energy for geometries involving semi-infinite planes, a case that is of particular interest in the design of microelectromechanical devices. We obtain both approximate analytic formulae and exact results requiring only modest numerical computation. Using these results, we analyze the effects of edges and orientation on the Casimir energy. We also demonstrate the accuracy, simplicity, and utility of our approximation scheme, which is based on a multiple reflection expansion.

Mohammad F. Maghrebi; Noah Graham

2011-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

351

Enhanced Interpretation of Electromagnetic Signature Analysis for Large Machines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This project developed and applied frequency domain models to enhance interpretation of electromagnetic signature analysis (EMSA) for large electrical generators. The project's rationale was to provide a prediction of the native frequency response of the winding calculated from machine dimensions and design data so that the positions of the resonances would be known a priore. This procedure allowed augmentation of an EMSA spectrum at the characteristic resonant frequencies of the machine in the interpret...

2010-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

352

Technical Design Report for PANDA Electromagnetic Calorimeter (EMC)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This document presents the technical layout and the envisaged performance of the Electromagnetic Calorimeter (EMC) for the PANDA target spectrometer. The EMC has been designed to meet the physics goals of the PANDA experiment, which is being developed for the Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research (FAIR) at Darmstadt, Germany. The performance figures are based on extensive prototype tests and radiation hardness studies. The document shows that the EMC is ready for construction up to the front-end electronics interface.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Technical Design Report for PANDA Electromagnetic Calorimeter (EMC)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This document presents the technical layout and the envisaged performance of the Electromagnetic Calorimeter (EMC) for the PANDA target spectrometer. The EMC has been designed to meet the physics goals of the PANDA experiment, which is being developed for the Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research (FAIR) at Darmstadt, Germany. The performance figures are based on extensive prototype tests and radiation hardness studies. The document shows that the EMC is ready for construction up to the front-end electronics interface.

PANDA Collaboration; W. Erni; I. Keshelashvili; B. Krusche; M. Steinacher; Y. Heng; Z. Liu; H. Liu; X. Shen; O. Wang; H. Xu; J. Becker; F. Feldbauer; F. -H. Heinsius; T. Held; H. Koch; B. Kopf; M. Pelizaeus; T. Schroeder; M. Steinke; U. Wiedner; J. Zhong; A. Bianconi; M. Bragadireanu; D. Pantea; A. Tudorache; V. Tudorache; M. De Napoli; F. Giacoppo; G. Raciti; E. Rapisarda; C. Sfienti; E. Bialkowski; A. Budzanowski; B. Czech; M. Kistryn; S. Kliczewski; A. Kozela; P. Kulessa; K. Pysz; W. Schaefer; R. Siudak; A. Szczurek; W. Czy. zycki; M. Domagala; M. Hawryluk; E. Lisowski; F. Lisowski; L. Wojnar; D. Gil; P. Hawranek; B. Kamys; St. Kistryn; K. Korcyl; W. Krzemien; A. Magiera; P. Moskal; Z. Rudy; P. Salabura; J. Smyrski; A. Wronska; M. Al-Turany; I. Augustin; H. Deppe; H. Flemming; J. Gerl; K. Goetzen; R. Hohler; D. Lehmann; B. Lewandowski; J. Luehning; F. Maas; D. Mishra; H. Orth; K. Peters; T. Saito; G. Schepers; C. J. Schmidt; L. Schmitt; C. Schwarz; B. Voss; P. Wieczorek; A. Wilms; K. -T. Brinkmann; H. Freiesleben; R. Jaekel; R. Kliemt; T. Wuerschig; H. -G. Zaunick; V. M. Abazov; G. Alexeev; A. Arefiev; V. I. Astakhov; M. Yu. Barabanov; B. V. Batyunya; Yu. I. Davydov; V. Kh. Dodokhov; A. A. Efremov; A. G. Fedunov; A. A. Feshchenko; A. S. Galoyan; S. Grigoryan; A. Karmokov; E. K. Koshurnikov; V. Ch. Kudaev; V. I. Lobanov; Yu. Yu. Lobanov; A. F. Makarov; L. V. Malinina; V. L. Malyshev; G. A. Mustafaev; A. Olshevski; M. A. . Pasyuk; E. A. Perevalova; A. A. Piskun; T. A. Pocheptsov; G. Pontecorvo; V. K. Rodionov; Yu. N. Rogov; R. A. Salmin; A. G. Samartsev; M. G. Sapozhnikov; A. Shabratova; G. S. Shabratova; A. N. Skachkova; N. B. Skachkov; E. A. Strokovsky; M. K. Suleimanov; R. Sh. Teshev; V. V. Tokmenin; V. V. Uzhinsky; A. S. Vodopianov; S. A. Zaporozhets; N. I. Zhuravlev; A. G. Zorin; D. Branford; K. Foehl; D. Glazier; D. Watts; P. Woods; W. Eyrich; A. Lehmann; A. Teufel; S. Dobbs; Z. Metreveli; K. Seth; B. Tann; A. Tomaradze; D. Bettoni; V. Carassiti; A. Cecchi; P. Dalpiaz; E. Fioravanti; I. Garzia; M. Negrini; M. Savri`e; G. Stancari; B. Dulach; P. Gianotti; C. Guaraldo; V. Lucherini; E. Pace; A. Bersani; M. Macri; M. Marinelli; R. F. Parodi; I. Brodski; W. Doering; P. Drexler; M. Dueren; Z. Gagyi-Palffy; A. Hayrapetyan; M. Kotulla; W. Kuehn; S. Lange; M. Liu; V. Metag; M. Nanova; R. Novotny; C. Salz; J. Schneider; P. Schoenmeier; R. Schubert; S. Spataro; H. Stenzel; C. Strackbein; M. Thiel; U. Thoering; S. Yang; T. Clarkson; E. Cowie; E. Downie; G. Hill; M. Hoek; D. Ireland; R. Kaiser; T. Keri; I. Lehmann; K. Livingston; S. Lumsden; D. MacGregor; B. McKinnon; M. Murray; D. Protopopescu; G. Rosner; B. Seitz; G. Yang; M. Babai; A. K. Biegun; A. Bubak; E. Guliyev; V. S. Jothi; M. Kavatsyuk; H. Loehner; J. Messchendorp; H. Smit; J. C. van der Weele; F. Garcia; D. -O. Riska; M. Buescher; R. Dosdall; R. Dzhygadlo; A. Gillitzer; D. Grunwald; V. Jha; G. Kemmerling; H. Kleines; A. Lehrach; R. Maier; M. Mertens; H. Ohm; D. Prasuhn; T. Randriamalala; J. Ritman; M. Roeder; T. Stockmanns; P. Wintz; P. Wuestner; J. Kisiel; S. Li; Z. Li; Z. Sun; H. Xu; S. Fissum; K. Hansen; L. Isaksson; M. Lundin; B. Schroeder; P. Achenbach; M. C. Mora Espi; J. Pochodzalla; S. Sanchez; A. Sanchez-Lorente; V. I. Dormenev; A. A. Fedorov; M. V. Korzhik; O. V. Missevitch; V. Balanutsa; V. Chernetsky; A. Demekhin; A. Dolgolenko; P. Fedorets; A. Gerasimov; V. Goryachev; A. Boukharov; O. Malyshev; I. Marishev; A. Semenov; C. Hoeppner; B. Ketzer; I. Konorov; A. Mann; S. Neubert; S. Paul; Q. Weitzel; A. Khoukaz; T. Rausmann; A. Taeschner; J. Wessels; R. Varma; E. Baldin; K. Kotov; S. Peleganchuk; Yu. Tikhonov; J. Boucher; T. Hennino; R. Kunne; S. Ong; J. Pouthas; B. Ramstein; P. Rosier; M. Sudol; J. Van de Wiele; T. Zerguerras; K. Dmowski; R. Korzeniewski; D. Przemyslaw; B. Slowinski; G. Boca; A. Braghieri; S. Costanza; A. Fontana; P. Genova; L. Lavezzi; P. Montagna; A. Rotondi; N. I. Belikov; A. M. Davidenko; A. A. Derevschikov; Y. M. Goncharenko; V. N. Grishin; V. A. Kachanov; D. A. Konstantinov; V. A. Kormilitsin; V. I. Kravtsov; Y. A. Matulenko; Y. M. Melnik; A. P. Meschanin; N. G. Minaev; V. V. Mochalov; D. A. Morozov; L. V. Nogach; S. B. Nurushev; A. V. Ryazantsev; P. A. Semenov; L. F. Soloviev; A. V. Uzunian; A. N. Vasiliev; A. E. Yakutin; T. Baeck; B. Cederwall; C. Bargholtz; L. Geren; P. E. Tegner; S. Belostotski; G. Gavrilov; A. Itzotov; A. Kisselev; P. Kravchenko; S. Manaenkov; O. Miklukho; Y. Naryshkin; D. Veretennikov; V. Vikhrov; A. Zhadanov; L. Fava; D. Panzieri; D. Alberto; A. Amoroso; E. Botta; T. Bressani; S. Bufalino; M. P. Bussa; L. Busso; F. De Mori; M. Destefanis; L. Ferrero; A. Grasso; M. Greco; T. Kugathasan; M. Maggiora; S. Marcello; G. Serbanut; S. Sosio; R. Bertini; D. Calvo; S. Coli; P. De Remigis; A. Feliciello; A. Filippi; G. Giraudo; G. Mazza; A. Rivetti

2008-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

354

Gradient instabilities of electromagnetic waves in Hall thruster plasma  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents a linear analysis of gradient plasma instabilities in Hall thrusters. The study obtains and analyzes the dispersion equation of high-frequency electromagnetic waves based on the two-fluid model of a cold plasma. The regions of parameters corresponding to unstable high frequency modes are determined and the dependence of the increments and intrinsic frequencies on plasma parameters is obtained. The obtained results agree with those of previously published studies.

Tomilin, Dmitry [Department of Electrophysics, Keldysh Research Centre, Moscow 125438 (Russian Federation)

2013-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

355

Medical Devices: Electromagnetic Interference Status and the Role of Standards  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This technical update discusses the role of voluntary and regulatory standards in determining the risks of interference from electric and magnetic fields (EMF) with the functioning of implantable and wearable medical devices. The update covers frequencies from the extremely low frequency (ELF) range through the radio-frequency (RF) range. It augments a 2008 EPRI technical update on electromagnetic interference (EMI) with newer types of implanted medical devices (1016815) and previous EPRI publications th...

2009-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

356

Electromagnetic Interference with Implanted Medical Devices: An Update  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electric and magnetic fields (EMF) and contact currents at both power and radio frequencies can interfere with the functioning of implanted medical electronic devices. In both public and occupational environments, electromagnetic interference issues are now exacerbated by the exponential increase in sources of interference over the last decade, an increasing variety of types of susceptible devices, and greater potential for unintended consequences that can be serious. This technical update discusses pote...

2008-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

357

Device for conversion of electromagnetic radiation into electrical current  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Electromagnetic energy may be converted directly into electrical energy by a device comprising a sandwich of at least two semiconductor portions, each portion having a p-n junction with a characteristic energy gap, and the portions lattice matched to one another by an intervening superlattice structure. This superlattice acts to block propagation into the next deposited portion of those dislocation defects which can form due to lattice mismatch between adjacent portions.

Blakeslee, A.E.; Mitchell, K.W.

1980-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

358

Experimental studies of electromagnetic properties of few body systems  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

An overview is given of some recent and planned experiments which have or will substantially increase our knowledge of the electromagnetic properties of few body systems. Specific examples include the proton and neutron elastic form factors, the deuteron elastic form factors, deuteron threshold electrodisintegration and quasi-elastic scattering, deuteron photodisintegration, and finally measurements of cross sections in deep inelastic scattering from hydrogen, deuterium, and iron. 47 refs., 13 figs. (DWL)

Bosted, P.E.

1987-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Device for conversion of electromagnetic radiation into electrical current  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Electromagnetic energy may be converted directly into electrical energy by a device comprising a sandwich of at least two semiconductor portions, each portion having a p-n junction with a characteristic energy gap, and the portions lattice matched to one another by an intervening superlattice structure. This superlattice acts to block propagation into the next deposited portion of those dislocation defects which can form due to lattice mismatch between adjacent portions.

Blakeslee, A. Eugene (Golden, CO); Mitchell, Kim W. (Indian Hill, CO)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

CRC handbook of biological effects of electromagnetic fields  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This book presents the current knowledge about the effects of electromagnetic fields on living matter. The three-part format covers dielectric permittivity and electrical conductivity of biological materials; effects of direct current and low frequency fields; and effects of radio frequency (including microwave) fields. The parts are designed to be consulted independently or in sequence, depending upon the needs of the reader. Useful appendixes on measurement units and safety standards are also included.

Polk, C.; Postow, E.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interactive electromagnetic relations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

CRC handbook of biological effects of electromagnetic fields  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This book presents current knowledge about the effects of electromagnetic fields on living matter. The three-part format covers: dielectric permittivity and electrical conductivity of biological materials; effects of direct current and low frequency fields; and effects of radio frequency (including microwave) fields. The parts are designed to be consulted independently or in sequence, depending upon the needs of the reader. Useful appendixes on measurement units and safety standards are also included.

Polk, C. (Rhode Island Univ., Kingston, RI (United States). Dept. of Electrical Engineering); Postow, E. (National Naval Medical Center, Bethesda, MD (United States))

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Correlated Quantum Memory: Manipulating Atomic Entanglement via Electromagnetically Induced Transparency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a feasible scheme of quantum state storage and manipulation via electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) in flexibly $united$ multi-ensembles of three-level atoms. For different atomic array configurations, one can properly steer the signal and the control lights to generate different forms of atomic entanglement within the framework of linear optics. These results shed new light on designing the versatile quantum memory devices by using, e.g., an atomic grid.

H. Jing; X. -J. Liu; M. -L. Ge; M. -S. Zhan

2004-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

363

Industry Interactive Procurement System (IIPS)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Industry Interactive Industry Interactive Industry Interactive Industry Interactive Procurement System Procurement System (IIPS) (IIPS) Douglas Baptist, Project Manager Information Management Systems Division US Department of Energy IIPS Functions Issue synopses, solicitations and related documents via the Internet Receive and Respond to Solicitation Specific Questions Receive proposal, bid or application information electronically Provide access to proposal information to authorized personnel through a web browser Conduct negotiations or obtain clarifications Issue award documents IIPS Security Security Plan in place and approved by DOE's Chief Information Officer System security tested by DOE's Computer Incident Advisory Capability team Security measures include: - Encryption on the IIPS server

364

On the spontaneous emission of electromagnetic radiation in the CSL model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Spontaneous photon emission in the Continuous Spontaneous Localization (CSL) model is studied one more time. In the CSL model each particle interacts with a noise field that induces the collapse of its wave function. As a consequence of this interaction, when the particle is electrically charged, it radiates. As discussed in [1], the formula for the emission rate, to first perturbative order, contains two terms: One is proportional to the Fourier component of the noise field at the same frequency as that of the emitted photon and one is proportional to the zero Fourier component of the noise field. As discussed in previous works, this second term seems unphysical. In [1], it was shown that the unphysical term disappears when the noises is confined to a bounded region and the final particle's state is a wave packet. Here we investigate the origin of the unphysical term and why it vanishes according to the previous prescription. For this purpose, the electrodynamic part of the equation of motion is solved exactly while the part due to the noise is treated perturbatively. We show that the unphysical term is connected to exponentially decaying function of time which dies out in the large time limit, however, approximates to 1 in the first perturbative order in the electromagnetic field.

S. Donadi; A. Bassi; D. -A. Deckert

2013-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

365

Geophysical technique for mineral exploration and discrimination based on electromagnetic methods and associated systems  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Mineral exploration needs a reliable method to distinguish between uneconomic mineral deposits and economic mineralization. A method and system includes a geophysical technique for subsurface material characterization, mineral exploration and mineral discrimination. The technique introduced in this invention detects induced polarization effects in electromagnetic data and uses remote geophysical observations to determine the parameters of an effective conductivity relaxation model using a composite analytical multi-phase model of the rock formations. The conductivity relaxation model and analytical model can be used to determine parameters related by analytical expressions to the physical characteristics of the microstructure of the rocks and minerals. These parameters are ultimately used for the discrimination of different components in underground formations, and in this way provide an ability to distinguish between uneconomic mineral deposits and zones of economic mineralization using geophysical remote sensing technology.

Zhdanov; Michael S. (Salt Lake City, UT)

2008-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

366

Influence on electron coherence from quantum electromagnetic fields in the presence of conducting plates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The influence of electromagnetic vacuum fluctuations in the presence of the perfectly conducting plate on electrons is studied with an interference experiment. The evolution of the reduced density matrix of the electron is derived by the method of influence functional. We find that the plate boundary anisotropically modifies vacuum fluctuations that in turn affect the electron coherence. The path plane of the interference is chosen either parallel or normal to the plate. In the vicinity of the plate, we show that the coherence between electrons due to the boundary is enhanced in the parallel configuration, but reduced in the normal case. The presence of the second parallel plate is found to boost these effects. The potential relation between the amplitude change and phase shift of interference fringes is pointed out. The finite conductivity effect on electron coherence is discussed.

Jen-Tsung Hsiang; Da-Shin Lee

2005-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

367

An investigation of the usefulness of extremely low-frequency electromagnetic measurements for treaty verification  

SciTech Connect

From FY 1986 through FY 1988, we monitored extremely low-frequency (ELF) electromagnetic (EM) fields to determine whether these signals could be detected from underground nuclear explosions. Signals clearly related to underground tests were detected only when the ELF field sensors were located within 10 km of surface ground zero. Theoretical analysis, based on the results of these measurements, shows that the ELF impulse signals from underground nuclear tests are of longer duration than those from lightning sources and are, therefore, less efficient in exciting resonances in the earth-ionosphere cavity, even though the source strength for each may be the same. Thus, ELF signals from underground nuclear tests with yields of <150 kT are generally lower than the background signals caused by worldwide lightning activity. Our conclusion is that ELF monitoring probably will not be useful for detecting underground nuclear tests at distances >10 km from the tests. 16 refs., 24 figs., 3 tabs.

Sweeney, J.J.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

An investigation of the usefulness of extremely low-frequency electromagnetic measurements for treaty verification  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

From FY 1986 through FY 1988, we monitored extremely low-frequency (ELF) electromagnetic (EM) fields to determine whether these signals could be detected from underground nuclear explosions. Signals clearly related to underground tests were detected only when the ELF field sensors were located within 10 km of surface ground zero. Theoretical analysis, based on the results of these measurements, shows that the ELF impulse signals from underground nuclear tests are of longer duration than those from lightning sources and are, therefore, less efficient in exciting resonances in the earth-ionosphere cavity, even though the source strength for each may be the same. Thus, ELF signals from underground nuclear tests with yields of nuclear tests at distances >10 km from the tests. 16 refs., 24 figs., 3 tabs.

Sweeney, J.J.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Resonant circuit which provides dual frequency excitation for rapid cycling of an electromagnet  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Disclosed is a ring magnet control circuit that permits synchrotron repetition rates much higher than the frequency of the cosinusoidal guide field of the ring magnet during particle acceleration. the control circuit generates cosinusoidal excitation currents of different frequencies in the half waves. During radio frequency acceleration of the particles in the synchrotron, the control circuit operates with a lower frequency cosine wave and thereafter the electromagnets are reset with a higher frequency half cosine wave. Flat-bottom and flat-top wave shaping circuits maintain the magnetic guide field in a relatively time-invariant mode during times when the particles are being injected into the ring magnets and when the particles are being ejected from the ring magnets.

Praeg, Walter F. (Palos Park, IL)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

A Time-Domain Electromagnetic Survey of the East Rift Zone Kilauea Volcano,  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

A Time-Domain Electromagnetic Survey of the East Rift Zone Kilauea Volcano, A Time-Domain Electromagnetic Survey of the East Rift Zone Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library == A Time-Domain Electromagnetic Survey of the East Rift Zone Kilauea Volcano, HawaiiThesis/Dissertation == Author Catherine King Skokan Organization Colorado School of Mines Published Publisher Not Provided, 1974 DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability: http://crossref.org Online Internet link for A Time-Domain Electromagnetic Survey of the East Rift Zone Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii Citation [[Citation::Catherine King Skokan. 1974. A Time-Domain Electromagnetic Survey of the East Rift Zone Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii []. [ (!) ]: Colorado School of Mines.]] Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=A_Time-Domain_Electromagnetic_Survey_of_the_East_Rift_Zone_Kilauea_Volcano,_Hawaii&oldid=682585"

371

Gravity and General Relativity at KCL D C Robinson  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gravity and General Relativity at KCL D C Robinson Mathematics Department King's College London Strand, London WC2R 2LS, UK. February 22, 2011 1 The study of gravity at KCL Research on gravity has been, an approach to New- tonian gravity similar to his field theory formulation of electromagnetism published

Bushnell, Colin J.

372

DEVELOPMENT OF A FAST-RELEASE ELECTRO-MAGNET FOR POOL-TYPE RESEARCH REACTORS  

SciTech Connect

Experimental data and observations of the design parameters and physical configurations which lead to faster-release cylindrical flat-faced electromagnets are given. Detailed drawings and operating characteristics are presented for an electromagnet suited to the requirements of a pool-type research reactor using either gravity drop or additional accelerating force. This electromagnet embodies the experimentally developed techniques for attaining fast release. (auth)

Michelson, C.

1958-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

373

Community Relations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Students at EnergySmart Schools and people at Rebuilding Together events Community Relations EETD and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory's community relations mission and...

374

On inverse scattering at high energies for the multidimensional Newton equation in electromagnetic field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the multidimensional (nonrelativistic) Newton equation in a static electromagnetic field $$\\ddot x = F(x,\\dot x), F(x,\\dot x)=-\

Alexandre Jollivet

2007-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

375

Effect of Electromagnetic Stirring on the Structure of Cast Al-4.5%Cu ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Numerical Modeling of Centrifugally Cast HSS Rolls · Numerical Simulation of Electro-magnetic Turbulent Inhibitor Technology in a Tundish · Optimizing the ...

376

Comment on Pion-nucleon bremsstrahlung and. Delta. electromagnetic moments''  

SciTech Connect

We analyze the definition of the electromagnetic moments of the dressed'' {Delta} introduced by Heller, Kumano, Martinez, and Moniz with respect to gauge invariance.

Weyrauch, M. (Department of Physics and Mathematical Physics, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia 5001 (AU))

1989-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Experimental and Analytical Characterization of a Transducer for Energy Harvesting Through Electromagnetic Induction.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Advances in mechatronics have renewed interest in the harvesting and storage of ambient vibration energy. This work documents recent efforts to model a novel electromagnetic… (more)

Domme, Daniel Joseph

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Full-wave algorithms for model order reduction and electromagnet analysis of impedance and scattering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As technology advances and sophisticated electronic systems achieve ubiquity, the demand for thorough, efficient Electromagnetic (EM) analysis continues to rise. The prohibitive costs of constructing and maintaining ...

Klemas, Thomas J. (Thomas Jonas)

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Three dimensional interpretations of single-well electromagnetic data for geothermal applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy, Office of Wind and Geothermal Technologies of theTwenty-Ninth Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir EngineeringELECTROMAGNETIC DATA FOR GEOTHERMAL APPLICATIONS Hung-Wen

Tseng, Hung-Wen; Lee, Ki Ha

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Unusual formations of the free electromagnetic field in vacuum  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is shown that there are exact solutions of the free Maxwell equations (FME) in vacuum allowing an existence of stable spherical formations of the free magnetic field and ring-like formations of the free electric field. It is detected that a form of these spheres and rings does not change with time in vacuum. It is shown that these convergent solutions are the result of an interference of some divergent solutions of FME. One can surmise that these electromagnetic formations correspond to Kapitsa's hypothesis about interference origin and a structure of fireball.

Andrew E. Chubykalo; Augusto Espinoza

2005-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interactive electromagnetic relations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Customer Electromagnetic Compatibility: A Study on Interference Issues  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) has been a problem since before the invention of radio. The proliferation of ever-more sensitive electronic devices has made EMC and RFI into quite pervasive problems. When confronted with an interference problem, it is easy and tempting to automatically blame the electric power company or the radio amateur next door, but in fact the source may be right in the interference recipient's own home. Or, because of the long-distance propagation of radio waves, it may turn ou...

2004-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

382

Electromagnetic wave method for mapping subterranean earth formations  

SciTech Connect

The present invention is directed to a method for remotely mapping subterranean coal beds prior to and during in situ gasification operations. This method is achieved by emplacing highly directional electromagnetic wave transmitters and receivers in bore holes penetrating the coal beds and then mapping the anomalies surrounding each bore hole by selectively rotating and vertically displacing the directional transmitter in a transmitting mode within the bore hole, and thereafter, initiating the gasification of the coal at bore holes separate from those containing the transmitters and receivers and then utilizing the latter for monitoring the burn front as it progresses toward the transmitters and receivers.

Shuck, Lowell Z. (Morgantown, WV); Fasching, George E. (Morgantown, WV); Balanis, Constantine A. (Morgantown, WV)

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Surface moisture measurement system electromagnetic induction probe calibration technique  

SciTech Connect

The Surface Moisture Measurement System (SMMS) is designed to measure the moisture concentration near the surfaces of the wastes located in the Hanford Site tank farms. This document describes a calibration methodology to demonstrate that the Electromagnetic Induction (EMI) moisture probe meets relevant requirements in the `Design Requirements Document (DRD) for the Surface Moisture Measurement System.` The primary purpose of the experimental tests described in this methodology is to make possible interpretation of EMI in-tank surface probe data to estimate the surface moisture.

Crowe, R.D., Westinghouse Hanford

1996-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

384

Super-light electromagnetic wave with longitudinal and transversal modes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The transformation converting equations invariant under Lorentz into the equations invariant under Galileo is obtained. On this basis: (1) the super-light electromagnetic wave with longitudinal and transversal modes is found out; (2) it is shown the wave velocity coincides with that of de Broglie's wave; (3) the connection between Maxwell's electrodynamics and Shredinger's equation is established; (4) structural elements of space are discovered and "a horizon of visibility" is found. It is shown Bell's inequalities and the principle of the light speed constancy are based on the SRT artifact and "Einstein's local realism" is determined by the wave referred above. Objectivity of results for quantum and classical objects is discussed

M. M. Kononenko

2007-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

385

Detection of electromagnetic radiation using micromechanical multiple quantum wells structures  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus and method for detecting electromagnetic radiation employs a deflectable micromechanical apparatus incorporating multiple quantum wells structures. When photons strike the quantum-well structure, physical stresses are created within the sensor, similar to a "bimetallic effect." The stresses cause the sensor to bend. The extent of deflection of the sensor can be measured through any of a variety of conventional means to provide a measurement of the photons striking the sensor. A large number of such sensors can be arranged in a two-dimensional array to provide imaging capability.

Datskos, Panagiotis G [Knoxville, TN; Rajic, Slobodan [Knoxville, TN; Datskou, Irene [Knoxville, TN

2007-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

386

TESTING GROUND BASED GEOPHYSICAL TECHNIQUES TO REFINE ELECTROMAGNETIC SURVEYS NORTH OF THE 300 AREA HANFORD WASHINGTON  

SciTech Connect

Airborne electromagnetic (AEM) surveys were flown during fiscal year (FY) 2008 within the 600 Area in an attempt to characterize the underlying subsurface and to aid in the closure and remediation design study goals for the 200-PO-1 Groundwater Operable Unit (OU). The rationale for using the AEM surveys was that airborne surveys can cover large areas rapidly at relatively low costs with minimal cultural impact, and observed geo-electrical anomalies could be correlated with important subsurface geologic and hydrogeologic features. Initial interpretation of the AEM surveys indicated a tenuous correlation with the underlying geology, from which several anomalous zones likely associated with channels/erosional features incised into the Ringold units were identified near the River Corridor. Preliminary modeling resulted in a slightly improved correlation but revealed that more information was required to constrain the modeling (SGW-39674, Airborne Electromagnetic Survey Report, 200-PO-1 Groundwater Operable Unit, 600 Area, Hanford Site). Both time-and frequency domain AEM surveys were collected with the densest coverage occurring adjacent to the Columbia River Corridor. Time domain surveys targeted deeper subsurface features (e.g., top-of-basalt) and were acquired using the HeliGEOTEM{reg_sign} system along north-south flight lines with a nominal 400 m (1,312 ft) spacing. The frequency domain RESOLVE system acquired electromagnetic (EM) data along tighter spaced (100 m [328 ft] and 200 m [656 ft]) north-south profiles in the eastern fifth of the 200-PO-1 Groundwater OU (immediately adjacent to the River Corridor). The overall goal of this study is to provide further quantification of the AEM survey results, using ground based geophysical methods, and to link results to the underlying geology and/or hydrogeology. Specific goals of this project are as follows: (1) Test ground based geophysical techniques for the efficacy in delineating underlying geology; (2) Use ground measurements to refine interpretations of AEM data; and (3) Improve the calibration and correlation of AEM information. The potential benefits of this project are as follows: (1) Develop a tool to map subsurface units at the Hanford Site in a rapid and cost effective manner; (2) Map groundwater pathways within the River Corridor; and (3) Aid development of the conceptual site model. If anomalies observed in the AEM data can be correlated with subsurface geology, then the rapid scanning and non-intrusive capabilities provided by the airborne surveys can be used at the Hanford Site to screen for areas that warrant further investigation.

PETERSEN SW

2010-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

387

Ligand-Receptor Interactions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The formation and dissociation of specific noncovalent interactions between a variety of macromolecules play a crucial role in the function of biological systems. During the last few years, three main lines of research led to a dramatic improvement of our understanding of these important phenomena. First, combination of genetic engineering and X ray cristallography made available a simultaneous knowledg of the precise structure and affinity of series or related ligand-receptor systems differing by a few well-defined atoms. Second, improvement of computer power and simulation techniques allowed extended exploration of the interaction of realistic macromolecules. Third, simultaneous development of a variety of techniques based on atomic force microscopy, hydrodynamic flow, biomembrane probes, optical tweezers, magnetic fields or flexible transducers yielded direct experimental information of the behavior of single ligand receptor bonds. At the same time, investigation of well defined cellular models raised the ...

Bongrand, Pierre

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Testing Loop Quantum Gravity and Electromagnetic Dark Energy in Superconductors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In 1989 Cabrera and Tate reported an anomalous excess of mass of the Cooper pairs in rotating thin Niobium rings. So far, this experimental result never received a proper theoretical explanation in the context of superconductor's physics. In the present work we argue that what Cabrera and Tate interpreted as an anomalous excess of mass can also be associated with a deviation from the classical gravitomagnetic Larmor theorem due to the presence of dark energy in the superconductor, as well as with the discrete structure of the area of the superconducting Niobium ring as predicted by Loop Quantum Gravity. From Cabrera and Tate measurements we deduce that the quantization of spacetime in superconducting circular rings occurs at the Planck-Einstein scale $l_{PE} = (\\hbar G/c^3 \\Lambda)^{1/4}\\sim 3.77\\times 10 ^{-5} m$, instead of the Planck scale $l_{P} =(\\hbar G / c^3)^{1/2}=1.61 \\times 10 ^{-35} m$, with an Immirzi parameter which depends on the specific critical temperature of the superconducting material and on the area of the ring. The stephan-Boltzmann law for quantized areas delimited by superconducting rings is predicted, and an experimental concept based on the electromagnetic black-body radiation emitted by this surfaces, is proposed to test loop quantum gravity and electromagnetic dark energy in superconductors.

Clovis Jacinto de Matos

2008-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

389

Intense Electromagnetic Outbursts from Collapsing Hypermassive Neutron Stars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the gravitational collapse of a magnetized neutron star using a novel numerical approach able to capture both the dynamics of the star and the behavior of the surrounding plasma. In this approach, a fully general relativistic magnetohydrodynamics implementation models the collapse of the star and provides appropriate boundary conditions to a force-free model which describes the stellar exterior. We validate this strategy by comparing with known results for the rotating monopole and aligned rotator solutions and then apply it to study both rotating and non-rotating stellar collapse scenarios, and contrast the behavior with what is obtained when employing the electrovacuum approximation outside the star. The non-rotating electrovacuum collapse is shown to agree qualitatively with a Newtonian model of the electromagnetic field outside a collapsing star. We illustrate and discuss a fundamental difference between the force-free and electrovacuum solutions, involving the appearance of large zones of electric-dominated field in the vacuum case. This provides a clear demonstration of how dissipative singularities appear generically in the non-linear time-evolution of force-free fluids. In both the rotating and non-rotating cases, our simulations indicate that the collapse induces a strong electromagnetic transient. In the case of sub-millisecond rotation, the magnetic field experiences strong winding and the transient carries much more energy. This result has important implications for models of gamma-ray bursts.

Luis Lehner; Carlos Palenzuela; Steven L. Liebling; Christopher Thompson; Chad Hanna

2011-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

390

ccsd00001714, Nonlinear dynamics of electromagnetic pulses in cold relativistic plasmas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ccsd­00001714, version 2 ­ 19 Oct 2004 Nonlinear dynamics of electromagnetic pulses in cold particle and photon accel- eration, nonlinear optics, laser fusion, and others [1{6]. Intense of coupled electromagnetic and electrostatic modes in cold relativistic electron-ion plas- mas to conclude

391

Brief paper: Controlling the motion of charged particles in a vacuum electromagnetic field from the boundary  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider the problem of driving two non-relativistic charged particles in a bounded vacuum electromagnetic field to the same location by applying electromagnetic forces through the boundary of the domain. The dynamics of the particles is modeled by ... Keywords: Boundary feedback, Charged particle, Maxwell-Lorentz system, Nuclear fusion, Perturbed energy

Luis R. Suazo; Weijiu Liu

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Handbook for Electromagnetic Compatibility of Digital Equipment in Power Plants, Volume 1  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The two volumes of this handbook explain the fundamentals of electromagnetic compatibility and provides guidelines for ensuring the electromagnetic compatibility of digital equipment in power plants. The handbook is applicable to digital equipment being installed in all types of power plants.

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Handbook for Electromagnetic Compatibility of Digital Equipment in Power Plants, Volume 2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The two volumes of this handbook explain the fundamentals of electromagnetic compatibility and provides guidelines for ensuring the electromagnetic compatibility of digital equipment in power plants. The handbook is applicable to digital equipment being installed in all types of power plants.

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Model reference adaptive temperature control of the electromagnetic oven process in manufacturing process  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nowadays, the electromagnetic ovens are used for heating the component assembly of electronic manufacturing. The control systems of the electromagnetic ovens are feedback control system and PID controller are used to control their temperature. This process ... Keywords: control theory, response optimization and model reference adaptive system

Jiraphon Srisertpol; Supot Phungphimai

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Magnetic resonance as a channel of directed transmission of electromagnetic energy in animate nature  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The phenomenon of magnetic resonance (either NMR or ESR) is a responce of atomic (molecular) system to the external electromagnetic effect. Electrons and nuclei, which possess magnetic moment, are the "magnetic antennas" in the biosystem "human being". They are able to receive (radiate) electromagnetic energy selectively in coordinates $H$ (magnetic field), $\

E. Ya. Fursa

2002-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

396

A fast multigrid-based electromagnetic eigensolver for curved metal boundaries on the Yee mesh  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For embedded boundary electromagnetics using the Dey-Mittra (Dey and Mittra, 1997) [1] algorithm, a special grad-div matrix constructed in this work allows use of multigrid methods for efficient inversion of Maxwell's curl-curl matrix. Efficient curl-curl ... Keywords: Accelerator, Algorithm, Cavity, Dey, Eigensolver, Electromagnetics, Finite difference, Maxwell, Mittra, Multigrid, Yee

Carl A. Bauer, Gregory R. Werner, John R. Cary

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

A revised electromagnetism-like mechanism for layout design of reconfigurable manufacturing system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The layout design problem is one of the most important issues for manufacturing system design and control. A revised electromagnetism-like mechanism (REM) is proposed in this paper for the layout design of reconfigurable manufacturing systems utilizing ... Keywords: Automated guided vehicle, Electromagnetism-like mechanism, Layout design, Variable neighbourhood search

Xianping Guan; Xianzhong Dai; Baijing Qiu; Jun Li

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Electromagnetic and gravitational self-force on a relativistic particle from quantum fields in curved space  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We provide a quantum field theoretical derivation of the Abraham-Lorentz-Dirac (ALD) equation, describing the motion of an electric point charge sourcing an electromagnetic field, which back-reacts on the charge as a self-force, and the Mino-Sasaki-Tanaka-Quinn-Wald (MSTQW) equation describing the motion of a point mass with self-force interacting with the linearized metric perturbations caused by the mass off an otherwise vacuous curved background spacetime. We regularize the formally divergent self-force by smearing the direct part of the retarded Green's function and using a quasilocal expansion. We also derive the ALD-Langevin and the MSTQW-Langevin equations with a classical stochastic force accounting for the effect of the quantum fluctuations in the field, which causes small fluctuations on the particle trajectory. These equations will be useful for studying the stochastic motion of charges and small masses under the influence of both quantum and classical noise sources, derived either self-consistently or put in by hand phenomenologically. We also show that history-dependent noise-induced drift motions could arise from such stochastic sources on the trajectory that could be a hidden feature of gravitational wave forms hitherto unknown.

Chad R. Galley; B. L. Hu; Shih-Yuin Lin

2006-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

399

Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Soda Lake Area (Combs 2006) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Soda Lake Area (Combs 2006) Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Soda Lake Area (Combs 2006) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Soda Lake Area (Combs 2006) Exploration Activity Details Location Soda Lake Area Exploration Technique Time-Domain Electromagnetics Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes "EM sounding, MT, CSAMT, dipole-dipole resistivity; reservoir model?" References Jim Combs (1 January 2006) Historical Exploration And Drilling Data From Geothermal Prospects And Power Generation Projects In The Western United States Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Time-Domain_Electromagnetics_At_Soda_Lake_Area_(Combs_2006)&oldid=388133" Category:

400

Is it possible to create a quantum electromagnetic "black hole" at the Large Hadron Collider?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As demonstrated by Chernodub, strong magnetic field forces vacuum to develop real condensates of electrically charged rho mesons, which form an anisotropic inhomogeneous superconducting state similar to Abrikosov vortex lattice. As far as electromagnetic field behaviour is concerned, this state of vacuum constitutes a hyperbolic metamaterial [1]. Here we demonstrate that spatial variations of magnetic field may lead to formation of electromagnetic "black holes" inside this metamaterial. Similar to real black holes, horizon area of the electromagnetic "black holes" is quantized in units of the effective "Planck scale" squared. The magnetic fields of the required strength and geometrical configuration may be created on Earth in heavy-ion collisions at the Large Hadron Collider. We evaluate electromagnetic field distribution around an electromagnetic "black hole" which may be created as a result of such collision.

Igor I. Smolyaninov

2012-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interactive electromagnetic relations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Correspondence between Electro-Magnetic Field and other Dark Energies in Non-linear Electrodynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this work, we have considered the flat FRW model of the universe filled with electro-magnetic field. First, the Maxwell's electro-magnetic field in linear form has been discussed and after that the modified Lagrangian in non-linear form for accelerated universe has been considered. The corresponding energy density and pressure for non-linear electro-magnetic field have been calculated. We have found the condition such that the electro-magnetic field generates dark energy. The correspondence between the electro-magnetic field and the other dark energy candidates namely tachyonic field, DBI-essence, Chaplygin gas, hessence dark energy, k-essenece and dilaton dark energy have been investigated. We have also reconstructed the potential functions and the scalar fields in this scenario.

Maity, Sayani; Debnath, Ujjal

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Correspondence between Electro-Magnetic Field and other Dark Energies in Non-linear Electrodynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this work, we have considered the flat FRW model of the universe filled with electro-magnetic field. First, the Maxwell's electro-magnetic field in linear form has been discussed and after that the modified Lagrangian in non-linear form for accelerated universe has been considered. The corresponding energy density and pressure for non-linear electro-magnetic field have been calculated. We have found the condition such that the electro-magnetic field generates dark energy. The correspondence between the electro-magnetic field and the other dark energy candidates namely tachyonic field, DBI-essence, Chaplygin gas, hessence dark energy, k-essenece and dilaton dark energy have been investigated. We have also reconstructed the potential functions and the scalar fields in this scenario.

Sayani Maity; Shuvendu Chakraborty; Ujjal Debnath

2011-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

403

Questions and Answers - I am creating an electromagnet for my school's  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Do you know whatan electromagnet is? Do you know what<br>an electromagnet is? Previous Question (Do you know what an electromagnet is?) Questions and Answers Main Index Next Question (Why does adding coils to an electromagnet make it stronger?) Why does adding coils to anelectromagnet make it stronger? I am creating an electromagnet for my school's science fair project. Does the shape of the iron core make a difference? Is solid copper wire better than stranded wire? Is copper wire best, or is another wire better? Should the wire be insulated or bare? What can I do to get the most current out of a battery? Yes, the shape of the iron core does matter. The more complete the circuit formed by the iron, the more field that you will get for a given coil and current. The best way to do a simple magnet is to have an iron core shaped

404

A New Look on the Electromagnetic Duality. Suggestions and Developments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper a new look on the electro-magnetic duality is presented and appropriately exploited. The duality analysis in the nonrelativistic and relativistic formulations is shown to lead to the idea the mathematical model field to be a differential form valued in the 2-dimensional vector space ${\\cal R}^2$. A full ${\\cal R}^2$ covariance is achieved through introducing explicitly the canonical complex structure ${\\cal I}$ of ${\\cal R}^2$ in the nonrelativistic equations. The connection of the relativistic Hodge * with ${\\cal I}$ is shown and a complete coordinate free relativistic form of the equations and the conservative quantities is obtained. The duality symmetry is interpreted as invariance of the conservative quantities and conservation equations.

Donev, S

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

A New Look on the Electromagnetic Duality. Suggestions and Developments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper a new look on the electro-magnetic duality is presented and appropriately exploited. The duality analysis in the nonrelativistic and relativistic formulations is shown to lead to the idea the mathematical model field to be a differential form valued in the 2-dimensional vector space ${\\cal R}^2$. A full ${\\cal R}^2$ covariance is achieved through introducing explicitly the canonical complex structure ${\\cal I}$ of ${\\cal R}^2$ in the nonrelativistic equations. The connection of the relativistic Hodge * with ${\\cal I}$ is shown and a complete coordinate free relativistic form of the equations and the conservative quantities is obtained. The duality symmetry is interpreted as invariance of the conservative quantities and conservation equations.

Stoil Donev

2000-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

406

Performance of the PrimEx Electromagnetic Calorimeter  

SciTech Connect

We report the design and performance of the hybrid electromagnetic calorimeter consisting of 1152 PbWO{sub 4} crystals and 576 lead glass blocks for the PrimEx experiment at the Jefferson Laboratory. The detector was built for high precision measurement of the neutral pion lifetime via the Primakoff effect. Calorimeter installation and commissioning was completed with the first physics run in fall of 2004. We present the energy and position resolution of the calorimeter. Obtained {pi}{sup 0} mass resolution of 1.3 MeV/c{sup 2} and its production angle resolution of 0.34 mrad demonstrate the ability of the experiment to extract the {pi}{sup 0} lifetime on one percent level.

M. Kubantsev; I. Larin; A. Gasparian

2006-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

407

On Digital Radio Receiver Performance in Electromagnetic Interference Environments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

adiated emission from electronic equipment, co-located to a digital radio receiver, can affect receiving performance. It is therefore of great importance that this undesired emission be considered in the early design phase of a system containing radio equipment. For this purpose, methods to estimate the performance degradation on digital radio receivers in such environment must be available. From a military point of view, such methods are necessary for at least two important situations; 1) The communication system is not subject to interference from hostile jammers. In this case, undesired electromagnetic interference will decrease the operating range of the radio link. 2) The communication system is subject to interference from hostile jammers. In this case, the ability to withstand jamming is degraded by the undesired interference, as the latter degrades the signal protection devices in the communication system. A tactical consequence of this is that the jammer can obtain the same ...

Peter Stenumgaard; Peter Stenumgaard; Isrn Kth/rst/r--/ --se

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Strong-field spatial interference in a tailored electromagnetic bath  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Light scattered by a regular structure of atoms can exhibit interference signatures, similar to the classical double-slit. These first-order interferences, however, vanish for strong light intensities, restricting potential applications. Here, we show how to overcome these limitations to quantum interference in strong fields. First, we recover the first-order interference in strong fields via a tailored electromagnetic bath with a suitable frequency dependence. At strong driving, the optical properties for different spectral bands are distinct, thus extending the set of observables. We further show that for a two-photon detector as, e.g., in lithography, increasing the field intensity leads to twice the spatial resolution of the second-order interference pattern compared to the weak-field case.

M. Macovei; J. Evers; G. -x. Li; C. H. Keitel

2006-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

409

Computer simulation of low-frequency electromagnetic data acquisition  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Computer simulation of low frequency electromagnetic (LFEM) digital data acquisition in the presence of natural field noise demonstrates several important limitations and considerations. Without the use of a remote reference noise removal scheme it is difficult to obtain an adequate ratio of signal to noise below 0.1 Hz for frequency domain processing and below 0.3 Hz base frequency for time domain processing for a typical source-receiver configuration. A digital high-pass filter substantially facilitates rejection of natural field noise above these frequencies but, at lower frequencies where much longer stacking times are required, it becomes ineffective. Use of a remote reference to subtract natural field noise extends these low-frequency limits a decade, but this technique is limited by the resolution and dynamic range of the instrumentation. Gathering data in short segments so that natural field drift can be offset for each segment allows a higher gain setting to minimize dynamic range problems.

SanFilipo, W.A.; Hohmann, G.W.

1982-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Low frequency electromagnetic prospecting system. [Grass Valley, KGRA  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A prototype portable electromagnetic sounding system was assembled and depth sounding survey was conducted in Grass Valley, Nevada, as a part of a program to evaluate geophysical techniques in geothermal exploration. A horizontal loop transmitter of radius 50 meters operating between .01 Hz and 100 Hz was used in conjunction with a SQUID magnetometer. A digital synchronous detector was used for on site processing of magnetometer output. This detector allowed useful data acquisition with transmitter-receiver separation of up to 2 km with power requirements of less than 72 watts. Conductive sediments (1 to 10 ohm-m) of thicknesses of up to 1.5 km were well resolved with this system, and the interpreted sections compared very well with dc resistivity measurements made with much heavier equipment and larger arrays in the same area.

Jain, B.K.

1978-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Relativistic electromagnetic flat top solitons and their stability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The inclusion of ion response in the study of relativistically intense electromagnetic laser pulse propagation in plasma yields certain distinct varieties of single peak solitonic structures. A flat top slow moving structure (for which the various fields have a flat profile over a wide spatial range) is one such solution. A detailed characterization of these solutions along with the eigen spectrum of their formation in the parameter space has been presented. The evolution of this particular solution is studied in detail with the help of a coupled fluid Maxwell set of equations. The study shows that the flat top solution is unstable. The instability is characterized as the backward Brillouin instability for which the electron quiver velocity plays the role of the effective temperature.

Sundar, Sita; Das, Amita; Saxena, Vikrant; Kaw, Predhiman; Sen, Abhijit [Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar-382428 (India)

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

412

Electromagnetic valve for controlling the flow of molten, magnetic material  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electromagnetic valve for controlling the flow of molten, magnetic material is provided, which comprises an induction coil for generating a magnetic field in response to an applied alternating electrical current, a housing, and a refractory composite nozzle. The nozzle is comprised of an inner sleeve composed of an erosion resistant refractory material (e.g., a zirconia ceramic) through which molten, magnetic metal flows, a refractory outer shell, and an intermediate compressible refractory material, e.g., unset, high alumina, thermosetting mortar. The compressible refractory material is sandwiched between the inner sleeve and outer shell, and absorbs differential expansion stresses that develop within the nozzle due to extreme thermal gradients. The sandwiched layer of compressible refractory material prevents destructive cracks from developing in the refractory outer shell.

Richter, Tomas (State College, PA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Electromagnetic valve for controlling the flow of molten, magnetic material  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electromagnetic valve for controlling the flow of molten, magnetic material is provided, which comprises an induction coil for generating a magnetic field in response to an applied alternating electrical current, a housing, and a refractory composite nozzle. The nozzle is comprised of an inner sleeve composed of an erosion resistant refractory material (e.g., a zirconia ceramic) through which molten, magnetic metal flows, a refractory outer shell, and an intermediate compressible refractory material, e.g., unset, high alumina, thermosetting mortar. The compressible refractory material is sandwiched between the inner sleeve and outer shell, and absorbs differential expansion stresses that develop within the nozzle due to extreme thermal gradients. The sandwiched layer of compressible refractory material prevents destructive cracks from developing in the refractory outer shell. 5 figs.

Richter, T.

1998-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

414

Searching for electromagnetic counterparts of gravitational wave transients  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A pioneering electromagnetic (EM) observation follow-up program of candidate gravitational wave (GW) triggers has been performed, Dec 17 2009 to Jan 8 2010 and Sep 4 to Oct 20 2010, during the recent LIGO/Virgo run. The follow-up program involved ground-based and space EM facilities observing the sky at optical, X-ray and radio wavelengths. The joint GW/EM observation study requires the development of specific image analysis procedures able to discriminate the possible EM counterpart of GW trigger from background events. The paper shows an overview of the EM follow-up program and the developing image analysis procedures as they are applied to data collected with TAROT and Zadko.

M. Branchesi; on behalf of the LIGO Scientific Collaboration; the Virgo Collaboration; A. Klotz; M. Laas-Bourez

2011-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

415

Experience, engagement and social interaction at a steam locomotive multimodal interactive museum exhibit  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes the on-going study of an interactive multimodal museum exhibit about a steam-powered locomotive at the Riverside Transport Museum in Glasgow, UK. We examine the role of multimodal interaction relating to effects on (1) visitors' ... Keywords: collaboration, edutainment, installation, multimodal interaction, museum

Loraine Clarke; Eva Hornecker

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Electromagnetic compatibility, tropospheric and ionospheric aspects of SPS MPTS operations  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The results of a preliminary study of the effects of operation of a Solar Power Satellite (SPS) on the general performance of terrestrial and space based electromagnetic systems are given. In addition, the effects of a passing high energy Microwave Power Transmission System (MPTS) through the troposphere and through the ionosphere are also considered. The SPS as envisioned will be a satellite system in geosynchronous orbit with a solar array of about 144 square kilometers. The purpose of the SPS is to capture solar energy, convert the radiant energy to microwave energy and transmit it to the earth as a beam by means of a phased array antenna one kilometer in diameter at a frequency of 2.45 GHz. At the surface of the earth, the energy beam will be captured by an antenna about 100 square kilometers which will convert the microwave energy to high voltage ac power for injection into an electrical power network. The impact of SPS operation on the lower atmosphere, the ionosphere, and on operational telecommunication systems, is addressed in a preliminary manner. Topics include (a) further study on the susceptibility of electronic equipment to SPS emissions; (b) further study on the interference potential of SPS emissions and harmonics to electromagnetic systems; (c) study of the impact of tropospheric attenuation and scattering associated with SPS operation on microwave terrestrial, air/ground and satellite/ground telecommunication systems; (d) further theoretical study on the production of ionospheric irregularities resulting from microwave heating; and (e) further experimental evidence of the impact of SPS operation on the telecommunication system performance collected in conjunction with a Platteville microwave heating experiment.

Not Available

1978-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Electromagnetic interference from transmission lines located in central region of Saudi Arabia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper discusses the electromagnetic interference (EMI) generated by transmission lines operating in the Central Region of Saudi Arabia. These lines have operating voltages of 132, 230 and 380 kV and are located in a hot, dry arid desert land where precipitaton is very low. Measurements of typical EMI characteristics such as frequency spectrum, lateral profile and statistical variation are performed for each type of line and results are analyzed. It is found that general noise characteristic of these lines are similar to those reported in the literature for other lines which are located in relatively wet environment. The results further show that if operating gradients are low, the increase of EMI due to rain is lower than 20 dB value usually observed. The presence of sand and dust storms does not increase EMI level in any appreciable manner. The fair weather EMI level of these lines can be predicted with reasonable accuracy by using the CIGRE formula. Results are also presented for power line carrier related EMI.

Al-Arainy, A.A.; Malik, N.H.; Abdul-Aal, L.N.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Electromagnetic interference from transmission lines located in central region of Saudi Arabia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper discusses the electromagnetic interference (EMI) generated by transmission lines operating in the Central Region of Saudi Arabia. These lines have operating voltages of 132, 230 and 380 kV and are located in a hot, dry arid desert land where precipitation is very low. Measurements of typical EMI characteristics such as frequency spectrum, lateral profile and statistical variation are performed for each type of line and results are analyzed. It is found that general noise characteristic of these lines are similar to those reported in the literature for other lines which are located in relatively wet environment. The results further show that if operating gradients are low, the increase of EMI due to rain is lower than 20 dB value usually observed. The presence of sand and dust storms does not increase EMI level in any appreciable manner. The fair weather EMI level of these lines can be predicted with reasonable accuracy by using the CIGRE formula. Results are also presented for power line carrier related EMI.

Al-Arainy, A.A.; Malik, N.H.; Abdul-Aal, L.N.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

High-efficiency dc electromagnetic pumps and flow couplers for LMFBRs. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The objective for the study reported here was to evaluate high efficiency direct current electromagnetic pump concepts for use in pool-type liquid metal cooled fast breeder reactors. It was concluded that the conventional direct current pump would not be practical for the high flow rates required, primarily because of the adverse high-current low-voltage supply requirements. However, a relatively new concept - the flow coupler - appears to be much more promising. In this concept, the primary and intermediate fluid flows are linked magnetically - with the intermediate fluid acting as a generator of the current that is used in a pump to drive the primary fluid. In this way the requirement for an external direct current supply and associated busbars is eliminated. Techniques to analyze such flow couplers have been developed and show that overall efficiencies in excess of 60% are attainable in relatively small volumes (3.5m in length, 2.5m in dia). This may permit a reduction in the size of the reactor vessel. Several flow coupler concepts are described which require further evaluation.

McNab, I.R.; Alexion, C.C.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Stable pseudoanalytical computation of electromagnetic fields from arbitrarily-oriented dipoles in cylindrically stratified media  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Computation of electromagnetic fields due to point sources (Hertzian dipoles) in cylindrically stratified media is a classical problem for which analytical expressions of the associated Green's function (tensor) have been long known. However, under finite-precision arithmetic, direct numerical computations based on the application of such analytical (canonical) expressions invariably lead to underflow and overflow problems related to the behavior of the eigenfunctions (cylindrical Bessel and Hankel functions) for extreme arguments and/or high-order, as well as convergence problems related to the numerical integration over the spectral wavenumber and to the truncation of the infinite series over the azimuth mode number. These problems are exacerbated when a disparate range of values is to be assumed for the layers' thicknesses and material parameters (resistivities, permittivities, and permeabilities), the transverse and longitudinal distances between source and observation points, as well as the source frequency. To overcome these challenges in a systematic fashion, we introduce here different sets of range-conditioned, modified cylindrical functions (in lieu of standard cylindrical eigenfunctions), each associated with nonoverlapped subdomains of (numerical) evaluation to allow for stable computations under any range of physical parameters. In addition, adaptively-chosen integration contours are employed in the complex spectral wavenumber plane to ensure convergent numerical integration in all cases. We illustrate the application of the algorithm to problems of geophysical interest.

H. Moon; F. L. Teixeira; B. Donderici

2013-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interactive electromagnetic relations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Electron-Photon Interactions in Graphene  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Graphene's low-energy electronic excitations obey a 2+1 dimensional Dirac Hamiltonian. After extending this Hamiltonian to include interactions with a quantized electromagnetic field, we calculate the amplitude associated with the simplest, tree-level Feynman diagram: the vertex connecting a photon with two electrons. This amplitude leads to analytic expressions for the 3D angular dependence of photon emission, the photon-mediated electron-hole recombination rate, and corrections to graphene's opacity $\\pi \\alpha$ and dynamic conductivity $\\pi e^2/2 h$ for situations away from thermal equilibrium, as would occur in a graphene laser. We find that Ohmic dissipation in perfect graphene can be attributed to spontaneous emission.

Mecklenburg, Matthew; Regan, B C

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Interpreting marine controlled source electromagnetic field behaviour with streamlines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Streamlines represent particle motion within a vector field as a single line structure and have been used in many areas of geophysics. We extend the concept of streamlines to interactive three dimensional representations of the coupled vector fields ... Keywords: CSEM, Hydrocarbon Exploration, Interactive, MCSEM, Streamlines

A. M. Pethick, B. D. Harris

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Asymptotics of the dispersion interaction: analytic benchmarks for van der Waals energy functionals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that the usual sum of $R^{-6}$ contributions from elements separated by distance $R$ can give \\emph{qualitatively} wrong results for the electromagnetically non-retarded van der Waals interaction between non-overlapping bodies. This occurs for anisotropic nanostructures that have a zero electronic energy gap, such as nanowires, conducting nanotubes, and nano-layered systems including metals and graphene planes. In all these cases our analytic microscopic calculations give an interaction falling off with a power of separation different from the conventional value. We discuss implications for van der Waals energy functionals. The new nanotube interaction might be directly measurable at sub-micron separations.

John F. Dobson; Angela White; Angel Rubio

2005-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

424

Dynamic chirality in the interacting boson fermion-fermion model  

SciTech Connect

The chiral interpretation of twin bands in odd-odd nuclei was investigated in the interacting boson fermion-fermion model. The analysis of the wave functions has shown that the possibility for angular momenta of the valence proton, neutron and core to find themselves in the favorable, almost orthogonal geometry is present, but not dominant. Such behavior is found to be similar in nuclei where both the level energies and the electromagnetic decay properties display the chiral pattern, as well as in those where only the level energies of the corresponding levels in the twin bands are close together. The difference in the structure of the two types of chiral candidates nuclei can be attributed to different {beta} and {gamma} fluctuations, induced by the exchange boson-fermion interaction of the interacting boson fermion-fermion model. In both cases the chirality is weak and dynamic.

Brant, S. [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Zagreb, 10000 Zagreb (Croatia); Tonev, D. [INFN, Laboratori Nazionali di Legnaro, I-35020 Legnaro (Italy); Institute for Nuclear Research and Nuclear Energy, BAS, 1784 Sofia (Bulgaria); De Angelis, G. [INFN, Laboratori Nazionali di Legnaro, I-35020 Legnaro (Italy); Ventura, A. [Ente per le Nuove tecnologie, l'Energia e l'Ambiente, I-40129 Bologna and Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Bologna (Italy)

2008-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

425

Interaction between graphene and metamaterials: split rings vs. wire pairs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have recently shown that graphene is unsuitable to replace metals in the current-carrying elements of metamaterials. At the other hand, experiments have demonstrated that a layer of graphene can modify the optical response of a metal-based metamaterial. Here we study this electromagnetic interaction between metamaterials and graphene. We show that the weak optical response of graphene can be modified dramatically by coupling to the strong resonant fields in metallic structures. A crucial element determining the interaction strength is the orientation of the resonant fields. If the resonant electric field is predominantly parallel to the graphene sheet (e.g., in a complementary split-ring metamaterial), the metamaterial’s resonance can be strongly damped. If the resonant field is predominantly perpendicular to the graphene sheet (e.g., in a wire-pair metamaterial), no significant interaction exists.

Zou, Yanhong; Tassin, Philippe; Koschny, Thomas; Soukoulis, Costas

2012-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

426

Wake Fields in the Super B Factory Interaction Region  

SciTech Connect

The geometry of storage ring collider interaction regions present an impedance to beam fields resulting in the generation of additional electromagnetic fields (higher order modes or wake fields) which affect the beam energy and trajectory. These affects are computed for the Super B interaction region by evaluating longitudinal loss factors and averaged transverse kicks for short range wake fields. Results indicate at least a factor of 2 lower wake field power generation in comparison with the interaction region geometry of the PEP-II B-factory collider. Wake field reduction is a consderation in the Super B design. Transverse kicks are consistent with an attractive potential from the crotch nearest the beam trajectory. The longitudinal loss factor scales as the -2.5 power of the bunch length. A factor of 60 loss factor reduction is possible with crotch geometry based on an intersecting tubes model.

Weathersby, Stephen; /SLAC; Novokhatski, Alexander; /SLAC

2011-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

427

Electromagnetic Analysis of ITER Diagnostic Equatorial Port Plugs During Plasma Disruptions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

ITER diagnostic port plugs perform many functionsincluding structural support of diagnostic systems under high electromagnetic loads while allowing for diagnostic access to the plasma. The design of diagnostic equatorial port plugs (EPP) are largely driven by electromagnetic loads and associate responses of EPP structure during plasma disruptions and VDEs. This paper summarizes results of transient electromagnetic analysis using Opera 3d in support of the design activities for ITER diagnostic EPP. A complete distribution of disruption loads on the Diagnostic First Walls (DFWs), Diagnostic Shield Modules (DSMs) and the EPP structure, as well as impact on the system design integration due to electrical contact among various EPP structural components are discussed.

Y. Zhai, R. Feder, A. Brooks, M. Ulrickson, C.S. Pitcher and G.D. Loesser

2012-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

428

Dark degeneracy and interacting cosmic components  

SciTech Connect

We study some properties of the dark degeneracy, which is the fact that what we measure in gravitational experiments is the energy-momentum tensor of the total dark sector, and any split into components (as in dark matter and dark energy) is arbitrary. In fact, just one dark fluid is necessary to obtain exactly the same cosmological and astrophysical phenomenology as the {Lambda}CDM model. We work explicitly the first-order perturbation theory and show that beyond the linear order the dark degeneracy is preserved under some general assumptions. Then we construct the dark fluid from a collection of interacting fluids. Finally, we try to break the degeneracy with a general class of couplings to baryonic matter. Nonetheless, we show that these interactions can also be understood in the context of the {Lambda}CDM model as between dark matter and baryons. For this last investigation we choose two independent parametrizations for the interactions, one inspired by electromagnetism and the other by chameleon theories. Then, we constrain them with a joint analysis of CMB and supernovae observational data.

Aviles, Alejandro [Instituto de Ciencias Nucleares, UNAM (Mexico); Cervantes-Cota, Jorge L. [Depto. de Fisica, Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Nucleares (Mexico)

2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

429

Numerical Analysis of Electromagnetic Field in an Electroslag ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Direct Numerical Simulation of Inclusion Turbulent Deposition at Liquid ... Flow and Shrinkage Pipe Formation on Macrosegregation of Investment Cast -TiAl Alloys ... Numerical Modeling of the Interaction between a Foreign Particle an ...

430

Fundamental Study on Behavior of Inclusion in Electromagnetic ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Direct Numerical Simulation of Inclusion Turbulent Deposition at Liquid ... Flow and Shrinkage Pipe Formation on Macrosegregation of Investment Cast -TiAl Alloys ... Numerical Modeling of the Interaction between a Foreign Particle an ...

431

Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Kilauea East Rift Area (Thomas, 1986) |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Kilauea East Rift Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Kilauea East Rift Area (Thomas, 1986) Exploration Activity Details Location Kilauea East Rift Area Exploration Technique Time-Domain Electromagnetics Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes A series of time-domain electromagnetic (TDEM) soundings were also performed in the lower East Rift Zone as part of the HGP exploration program (Klein and Kauahikaua, 1975; Kauahikaua and Klein, 1977); this work was recently expanded to include additional TDEM and vertical electrical soundings, and the entire data set was reinterpreted (Kauahikaua, 1981b; Kauahikaua and Mattice, 1981). The resistivity model presented by Kauahikaua (1981b) suggests that moderate to high basement resistivities, corresponding to cold freshwater saturated basalts, are present north of

432

Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Hualalai Northwest Rift Area (Thomas, 1986)  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Hualalai Northwest Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Hualalai Northwest Rift Area (Thomas, 1986) Exploration Activity Details Location Hualalai Northwest Rift Area Exploration Technique Time-Domain Electromagnetics Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes Three time-domain electromagnetic soundings were conducted on the middle northwest rift at elevations of 280-320 m (Fig. 40) (Kauahikaua and Mattice, 1981). These soundings penetrated to a greater depth than the Schlumberger soundings and two of them were able to resolve basement resistivities ranging from 9 to 12 ohm-m at depths of 1500 to 1800 m. One sounding detected a 9 ohm.m layer at 600 m depth that was underlain by a more resistive basement. These results suggest that thermal fluids may be responsible for the low-resistivity basement, whereas the high-resistivity

433

Vlf Electromagnetic Investigations Of The Crater And Central Dome Of Mount  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Vlf Electromagnetic Investigations Of The Crater And Central Dome Of Mount Vlf Electromagnetic Investigations Of The Crater And Central Dome Of Mount St Helens, Washington Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Vlf Electromagnetic Investigations Of The Crater And Central Dome Of Mount St Helens, Washington Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: A very low frequency (VLF) electromagnetic induction survey in the crater of Mount St. Helens has identified several electrically conductive structures that appear to be associated with thermal anomalies and ground water within the crater. The most interesting of these conductive structures lies beneath the central dome. It is probably a partial melt of dacite similar to that comprising the June 1981 lobe of the central dome. Author(s): James N. Towle

434

RF Loading Effects of Aircraft Seats in an Electromagnetic Reverberating Environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Loading effects of aircraft seats in an electromagnetic reverberating environment are investigated. The effects are determined by comparing the reverberation chamber''s insertion losses with and without the seats. The average per-seat absorption cross-sections ...

Nguyen Truong X.

2000-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

A Time-Domain Electromagnetic Survey of the East Rift Zone Kilauea...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

1974 DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability: http:crossref.org Online Internet link for A Time-Domain Electromagnetic Survey of the East Rift Zone Kilauea Volcano,...

436

Electromagnetically-driven ultra-fast tool servos for diamond turning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis presents the design, implementation, and control of a new class of fast tool servos (FTS). The primary thesis contributions include the design and experimental demonstration of: novel ultra-fast electromagnetic ...

Lu, Xiaodong, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

An Intercomparison Study Using Electromagnetic Three-Component Turbulent Velocity Probes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An intercomparison study was performed with four Russian-made, electromagnetic probes capable of measuring three components of oceanic turbulent velocities and two single-axis velocity sensors familiar to western scientists, namely, a hot-film ...

David Y. Lai; Vadim T. Paka; Donald P. Delisi; Anatoli V. Arjannikov; Sergei A. Khanaev

2000-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Three-Dimensional Electromagnetic Particle-in-Cell Code Using High Performance Fortran on PC Cluster  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A three-dimensional full electromagnetic particle-in-cell (PIC) code, TRISTAN (Tridimensional Stanford) code, has been parallelized using High Performance Fortran (HPF) as a RPM (Real Parallel Machine). In the simulation, the simulation domains are decomposed ...

DongSheng Cai; Yaoting Li; Ken-ichi Nishikawa; Chiejie Xiao; Xiaoyan Yan

2002-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Electromagnetic wave scattering by discrete random media with remote sensing applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The scattering of electromagnetic waves in medium with randomly distributed discrete scatterers is studied. Analytical and numerical solutions to several problems with implications for the active and passive remote sensing ...

Ao, Chi On, 1970-

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Design of a high-speed, meso-scale nanopositioners driven by electromagnetic actuators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of this thesis is to generate the design and fabrication knowledge that is required to engineer high-speed, six-axis, meso-scale nanopositioners that are driven by electromagnetic actuators. When compared to ...

Golda, Dariusz, 1979-

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interactive electromagnetic relations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Visualizing electromagnetic field and particle simulations in accelerators with ParaView  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

SLAC performs large-scale simulations of Electromagnetic fields and particles for accelerator applications. These simulations run on intricate high order finite element meshes and produce field strengths spanning tens of orders of magnitudes. Such simulations ...

Greg L. Schussman

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

An Electromagnetic Vorticity and Velocity Sensor for Observing Finescale Kinetic Fluctuations in the Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An instrument has been developed that measures finescale velocity and vorticity in seawater based on the principles of motional induction. This instrument, the electromagnetic vorticity meter (EMVM), measures components of the gradient and ...

Thomas B. Sanford; James A. Carlson; John H. Dunlap; Mark D. Prater; Ren-Chieh Lien

1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Phenomenon of parametric trapping of electromagnetic waves in an inhomogeneous plasma  

SciTech Connect

A theory is developed of absolute parametric aperiodic instability in a spatially inhomogeneous plasma, when the electromagnetic waves generated in the plasma are trapped by the plasma near the peaks of the pumping-wave field.

Silin, V.P.; Starodub, A.N.

1977-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Numerical methods for electromagnetic wave propagation and scattering in complex media  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Numerical methods are developed to study various applications in electromagnetic wave propagation and scattering. Analytical methods are used where possible to enhance the efficiency, accuracy, and applicability of the ...

Moss, Christopher D. Q. (Christopher Doniert Q.), 1973-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Electrically insulating phosphate coatings for iron powder based electromagnetic core applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Powdered metals, such as iron, are a common building block for electromagnetic cores. An iron powder was reacted with phosphoric acid to create a layer of iron phosphate on each particle. This electrically insulating ...

Nolan, William Rane

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Gustav Mie and the Evolving Discipline of Electromagnetic Scattering by Particles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The year 2008 marks the centenary of the seminal paper by Gustav Mie on electromagnetic scattering by homogeneous spherical particles. Having been cited in almost 4,000 journal articles since 1955 (according to the Science Citation Index Expanded ...

Michael I. Mishchenko; Larry D. Travis

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Mechanical and electromagnetic transverse load effects on superconducting niobium-tin performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cable-in-Conduit Conductor is the typical geometry for the conductor employed in superconducting magnets for fusion applications. Once energized, the magnets produce an enormous electromagnetic force and very large transverse ...

Chiesa, Luisa

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

High bandwidth rotary fast tool servos and a hybrid rotary/linear electromagnetic actuator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis describes the development of two high bandwidth short-stroke rotary fast tool servos and the hybrid rotary/linear electromagnetic actuator developed for one of them. Design insights, trade-off methodologies, ...

Montesanti, Richard Clement

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Plenary lecture I: electromagnetic low frequency radiation from natural phenomena - data analysis and modelling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Can severe weather conditions, volcanic eruptions or even earthquakes be predicted from monitoring and analyzing electromagnetic radiation especially in very and ultra low frequency ranges? What signatures in this frequency range leave solar wind, solar ...

Ernst D. Schmitter

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Improper Rotations'Symmetry of Electromagnetic Field and New Conserved Quantity of Complex Fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is established the partition of linear space $$ over the field of genuine scalars and pseudoscalars, the vectors in which are sets of contravariant and covariant electromagnetic field tensors and pseudotensors $F^{\\mu\

Yearchuck, D

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Airborne Electromagnetic Survey At Chena Area (Erkan, Et. Al., 2008) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Airborne Electromagnetic Survey At Chena Area (Erkan, Et. Al., 2008) Airborne Electromagnetic Survey At Chena Area (Erkan, Et. Al., 2008) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Airborne Electromagnetic Survey At Chena Area (Erkan, Et. Al., 2008) Exploration Activity Details Location Chena Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Airborne Electromagnetic Survey Activity Date 2008 Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes The airborne resistivity (Fig. 2; panel c) shows high values in most of the areas including the Chena pluton, with the exception of the very northern and southern portion of the map where the Paleozoic metamorphic unit is located. Lineations of low resistivity at the west end of the area are generally associated with the location of the valley fill. However, some

452

Analytical time domain electromagnetic field propagators and closed-form solutions for transmission lines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An analytical solution for the coupled telegrapher’s equations in terms of the voltage and current on a homogeneous lossy transmission line and multiconductor transmission line is presented. The resulting telegrapher’s equation solution is obtained in the form of an exact time domain propagator operating on the line voltage and current. It is shown that the analytical equations lead to a stable numerical method that can be used in the analysis of both homogeneous and inhomogeneous transmission lines. A numerical dispersion relation is derived proving that this method has no numerical dispersion down to the two points per wavelength Nyquist limit. Examples are presented showing that exceptionally accurate results are obtained for lossy single and multiconductor transmission lines. The method is extended to represent the general solution to Maxwell’s differential equations in vector matrix form. It is shown that, given the electromagnetic field and boundary conditions at a given instant in time, the free space time domain propagator and corresponding dyadic Green’s functions in 1-, 2-, and 3-dimensions can be used to calculate the field at all subsequent times.

Jeong, Jaehoon

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Controlled-source electromagnetic survey at Soda Lakes geothermal area, Nevada  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The EM-60 system, a large-moment frequency-domain electromagnetic loop prospecting system, was operated in the Soda Lakes geothermal area, Nevada. Thirteen stations were occupied at distances ranging from 0.5-3.0 km from two transmitter sites. These yielded four sounding curves--the normalized amplitudes and phases of the vertical and radial magnetic fields as a function of frequency--at each station. In addition, two polarization ellipse parameters, ellipticity and tilt angle, were calculated at each frequency. The data were interpreted by means of a least-squares inversion procedure which fits a layered resistivity model to the data. A three-layer structure is indicated, with a near-surface 20 ohm-m layer of 100-400 m thickness, a middle 2 ohm-m layer of approximately 1 km thickness, and a basement of greater than 10 ohm-m. The models indicate a northwesterly structural strike; the top and middle layers seem to thicken from northeast to southwest. The results agree quite well with previous results of dipole-dipole and magnetotelluric (MT) surveys. The EM-60 survey provided greater depth penetration (1 to 1.5 km) than dipole-dipole, but MT far surpassed both in its depth of exploration. One advantage of EM in this area is its ease and speed of operation. Another advantage, its relative insensitivity to lateral inhomogeneities, is not as pronounced here as it would be in areas of more complex geology.

Stark, M.; Wilt, M.; Haught, J.R.; Goldstein, N.

1980-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Superluminal Electromagnetic and Gravitational Fields Generated in the Nearfield of Dipole Sources  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper the fields generated by an electric dipole and a gravitational quadrapole are shown to propagate superluminally in the nearfield of the source and reduce to the speed of light as the fields propagate into the farfield. A theoretical derivation of the generated fields using Maxwell's equations is presented followed by a theoretical analysis of the phase and group speed of the propagating fields. This theoretical prediction is then verified by a numerical simulation which demonstrates the superluminal propagation of modulated signals in the nearfield of their sources. An experiment using simple dipole antennas is also presented which verifies the theoretically expected superluminal propagation of transverse electromagnetic fields in the nearfield of the source. The phase speed, group speed, and information speed of these systems are compared and shown to differ. Provided the noise of a signal is small and the modulation method is known, it is shown that the information speed can be approximately the same as the superluminal group speed. According to relativity theory, it is known that between moving reference frames, superluminal signals can propagate backwards in time enabling violations of causality. Several explanations are presented which may resolve this dilemma.

William D. Walker

2006-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

455

Did high-altitude EMP (electromagnetic pulse) cause the Hawaiian streetlight incident  

SciTech Connect

Studies of electromagnetic pulse (EMP) effects on civilian and military systems predict results ranging from severe destruction to no damage. Convincing analyses that support either extreme are rare. The Hawaiian streetlight incident associated with the Starfish nuclear burst is the most widely quoted observed damage. We review the streetlight characteristics and estimate the coupling between the Starfish EMP and a particular streetlight circuit identified as one of the few that failed. Evidence indicates that the damage was EMP-generated. The main contributing factors were the azimuthal angle of the circuit relative to the direction of EMP propagation, and the rapid rise of the EMP signal. The azimuthal angle provided coherent buildup of voltage as the EMP swept across the transmission line. The rapid rise allowed substantial excitation before the canceling effects of ground reflections limited the signals. Resulting voltages were at the threshold for causing the observed fuse damage and are consistent with this damage occurring in only some of the strings in the systems. 15 refs., 16 figs., 4 tabs.

Vittitoe, C.N.

1989-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Natural time analysis of critical phenomena: The case of pre-fracture electromagnetic emissions  

SciTech Connect

Criticality of complex systems reveals itself in various ways. One way to monitor a system at critical state is to analyze its observable manifestations using the recently introduced method of natural time. Pre-fracture electromagnetic (EM) emissions, in agreement to laboratory experiments, have been consistently detected in the MHz band prior to significant earthquakes. It has been proposed that these emissions stem from the fracture of the heterogeneous materials surrounding the strong entities (asperities) distributed along the fault, preventing the relative slipping. It has also been proposed that the fracture of heterogeneous material could be described in analogy to the critical phase transitions in statistical physics. In this work, the natural time analysis is for the first time applied to the pre-fracture MHz EM signals revealing their critical nature. Seismicity and pre-fracture EM emissions should be two sides of the same coin concerning the earthquake generation process. Therefore, we also examine the corresponding foreshock seismic activity, as another manifestation of the same complex system at critical state. We conclude that the foreshock seismicity data present criticality features as well.

Potirakis, S. M. [Department of Electronics, Technological Education Institute (TEI) of Piraeus, 250 Thivon and P. Ralli, Aigaleo, Athens GR-12244 (Greece)] [Department of Electronics, Technological Education Institute (TEI) of Piraeus, 250 Thivon and P. Ralli, Aigaleo, Athens GR-12244 (Greece); Karadimitrakis, A. [Department of Physics, Section of Electronics, Computers, Telecommunications and Control, University of Athens, Panepistimiopolis, Zografos, Athens GR-15784 (Greece)] [Department of Physics, Section of Electronics, Computers, Telecommunications and Control, University of Athens, Panepistimiopolis, Zografos, Athens GR-15784 (Greece); Eftaxias, K. [Department of Physics, Section of Solid State Physics, University of Athens, Panepistimiopolis, Zografos, Athens GR-15784 (Greece)] [Department of Physics, Section of Solid State Physics, University of Athens, Panepistimiopolis, Zografos, Athens GR-15784 (Greece)

2013-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

457

NONLINEAR WAVE INTERACTIONS AS EMISSION PROCESS OF TYPE II RADIO BURSTS  

SciTech Connect

The emission of fundamental and harmonic frequency radio waves of type II radio bursts are assumed to be products of three-wave interaction processes of beam-excited Langmuir waves. Using a particle-in-cell code, we have performed simulations of the assumed emission region, a coronal mass ejection foreshock with two counterstreaming electron beams. Analysis of wavemodes within the simulation shows self-consistent excitation of beam-driven modes, which yield interaction products at both fundamental and harmonic emission frequencies. Through variation of the beam strength, we have investigated the dependence of energy transfer into electrostatic and electromagnetic modes, confirming the quadratic dependence of electromagnetic emission on electron beam strength.

Ganse, Urs; Kilian, Patrick; Spanier, Felix [Lehrstuhl fuer Astronomie, Universitaet Wuerzburg, Wuerzburg (Germany); Vainio, Rami, E-mail: uganse@astro.uni-wuerzburg.de [Department of Physics, University of Helsinki, Helsinki (Finland)

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Technical Guidance for Achieving Higher Levels of Electromagnetic Compatibility for Advanced Nuclear Power Plants  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report presents guidance for enhancing electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) for advanced nuclear power plants (NPPs). Included is a summary of EMC challenges facing these plants and the threats that utilities, equipment designers, and plant designers must be aware of. The following requested areas are covered: 1) programmatically addressing EMC through the development of an EMC protection system, 2) minimizing the use of exclusion zones through the demonstration of electromagnetic energy (EM) calcula...

2010-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

459

Guidelines for Electromagnetic Interference Testing of Power Plant Equipment: Revision 3 to TR-102323  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To continue meeting safety and reliability requirements while controlling costs, operators of nuclear power plants must be able to replace and upgrade equipment in a cost-effective manner. One issue that has been problematic for new plant equipment and especially for digital instrumentation and control (I&C) systems in recent years is electromagnetic compatibility (EMC). The EMC issue usually involves testing to show that critical equipment will not be adversely affected by electromagnetic interference (...

2004-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

460

Turbine-Generator Topics for Power Plant Engineers: Fundamentals of Electromagnetic Signature Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electromagnetic signature analysis (EMSA) is the process used to evaluate the electromagnetic interference (EMI) generated by abnormalities in almost any energized power plant equipment—from cable connections to broken rotor bars in a motor to the isolated phase bus and generator step-up transformer. EMSA will detect any defect that involves EMI, noise, arcing, corona, partial discharge, gap discharge, sparking or microsparking, or any combination of these.With EMSA, every signal ...

2013-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

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461

Review of High Frequency Conducted Susceptibility Limits for Electromagnetic Compatibility Testing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To continue meeting safety and reliability requirements while controlling costs, operators of nuclear power plants must be able to replace and upgrade equipment in a cost-effective manner. One issue that has been problematic for new plant equipment and especially for digital instrumentation and control (I&C) systems in recent years is electromagnetic compatibility (EMC). The EMC issue usually involves testing to show that critical equipment will not be adversely affected by electromagnetic interference (...

2007-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

462

Wavelet-like bases for thin-wire integral equations in electromagnetics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, wavelets are used in solving, by the method of moments, a modified version of the thin-wire electric field integral equation, in frequency domain. The time domain electromagnetic quantities, are obtained by using the inverse discrete fast ... Keywords: 02.30.Rz, 02.60.Cb, 02.70.-c, 41.20.-q, 41.20.Jb, M-band wavelet transform, Method of moments, Preconditioning, Thin-wire integral equations in electromagnetics

E. Francomano; A. Tortorici; E. Toscano; G. Ala; F. Viola

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

[Electromagnetic studies of nuclear structure and reactions]. [Nuclear Physics Group, Univ. of New Hampshire  

SciTech Connect

The experimental goals are focused on developing an understanding of strong interactions and the structure of hadronic systems by determination of the electromagnetic response; these goals will be accomplished through coincidence detection of final states. Nuclear modeling objectives are to organize and interpret the data through a consistent description of a broad spectrum of reaction observables; calculations are performed in a nonrelativistic diagrammatic framework as well as a relativistic QHD approach. Work is described according to the following arrangement: direct knockout reactions (completion of [sup 16]O(e,e[prime]p), [sup 12]C(e,e[prime]pp) progress, large acceptance detector physics simulations), giant resonance studies (intermediate-energy experiments with solid-state detectors, the third response function in [sup 12]C(e,e[prime]p[sub 0]) and [sup 16]O(e,e[prime]p[sub 0]), comparison of the [sup 12]C(e, e[prime]p[sub 0]) and [sup 16]O(e,e[prime]p[sub 3]) reactions, quadrupole strength in the [sup 16]O(e,e[prime][alpha][sub 0]) reaction, quadrupole strength in the [sup 12]C(e,e[prime][alpha]) reaction, analysis of the [sup 12]C(e,e[prime]p[sub 1]) and [sup 16]O(e,e[prime]p[sub 3]) angular distributions, analysis of the [sup 40]Ca(e,e[prime]x) reaction at low q, analysis of the higher-q [sup 12]C(e,e[prime]x) data from Bates), models of nuclear structure (experimental work, Hartree-Fock calculations, phonon excitations in spherical nuclei, shell model calculations, variational methods for relativistic fields), and instrumentation development efforts (developments at CEBAF, CLAS contracts, BLAST developments).

Not Available

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Evaluation of borehole electromagnetic and seismic detection of fractures  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Experiments were conducted to establish the feasibility of downhole high-frequency techniques for location of fractures in the vicinity of boreholes. An existing flame-cut slot in granite was filled with salt water to simulate a brine-filled fracture. The first method used an electromagnetic wave at 30 to 300 MHz, vhf frequencies. A transmitter consisting of a phased dual-dipole array arranged to provide a directional signal toward the fracture was installed in a borehole opposite the fracture. A receiver was also located in the same borehole. The radar returns from the simulated fracture were detectable in boreholes located at distances of up to 12 meters from the fracture. These results indicate for the first time the feasibility of a downhole vhf radar for use in a single borehole for detection of fractures located away from the borehole. Similar experiments were also conducted using seismic waves at 4.5 to 6 KHz. The transmitter and the receiver in this case were located in separate boreholes. During this experiment, reflections from the slot were obtained only with the transducers oriented for shear wave illumination and detection. These results suggest that a high-frequency shear wave can also be used to detect fractures away from a borehole.

Chang, H.T.; Suhler, S.A.; Owen, T.E.

1984-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Generalized design formulas for low energy electromagnetic quads  

SciTech Connect

This technical note is the result of the quadrupole magnet design efforts that went into the development of proposals for large high-powered linear accelerators such as the Accelerator for Production of Tritium (APT), Accelerator for Base Conversion (of Plutonium) (ABC), and Accelerator for Treatment of (radioactive) Waste (ATW). In all these applications it was necessary to develop designs for numerous (hundreds) of electromagnetic quadrupoles (EMQs). EMQs are required since long-term reliability, radiation damage potential, and large aperture dictate against the use of permanent magnet quadrupoles (PMQs) for these powerful machines. One object of the magnet design effort was to provide a quick, reliable, and easy means of converting raw physics requirements (magnetic impulse, focal length, and boretube aperture) into realistic electrical, cooling, facility interface, and mechanical specifications and configurations--in other words, to easily convert physics requirements to a reliable design that could be drawn on paper, shown to vendors, and presented to peer review committees as a well-developed and believable concept. The empirical formulas that were derived have been gathered together in this technical note. They will be useful for other designers interested in an easy way of coming up with a rather complete mechanical as well as electrical and magnetic design for EMQs. Included are lab tests of designs derived from these formulas and comparisons with other real EMQ designs. These demonstrate the good accuracy of the empirical formulas.

Liska, D.J.

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Electromagnetic soundings for geothermal resources in Dixie Valley, Nevada  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

An electromagnetic (EM) sounding survey was performed over a region encompassing the Dixie Valley geothermal field to map the subsurface resistivity in the geothermal field and the surrounding area. The EM survey, consisting of 19 frequency-domain depth soundings made with the LBL EM-60 system, was undertaken to explore a narrow region adjacent to the Stillwater Range to a depth of 2 to 3 km. Lithologic and well log resistivity information from well 66-21 show that for EM interpretation the section can be reduced to a three-layer model consisting of moderately resistive alluvial sediments, low resistivity lacustrine sediments, and high resistivity Tertiary volcanics and older rocks. This three layer model was used as a starting point in interpreting EM sounding data. Variations in resistivity and thickness provided structural information and clues to the accumulation of geothermal fluids. The interpreted soundings reveal a 1 to 1.5-km-deep low-resistivity zone spatially associated with the geothermal field. The shallow depth suggests that the zone detected is either fluid leakage or hydrothermal alteration, rather than high-temperature reservoir fluids. The position of the low-resistivity zone also conforms to changes in depth to the high resistivity basal layer, suggesting that faulting is a control on the location of productive intervals. 10 refs., 7 figs.

Wilt, M.J.; Goldstein, N.E.

1985-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Efficient imaging of single-hole electromagnetic data  

SciTech Connect

The extended Born, or localized nonlinear (LN) approximation, of integral equation (IE) solution has been applied to inverting single-hole electromagnetic (EM) data using a cylindrically symmetric model. The extended Born approximation is less accurate than a full solution but much superior to the simple Born approximation. When applied to the cylindrically symmetric model with a vertical magnetic dipole source, however, the accuracy of the extended Born approximation is shown to be greatly improved because the electric field is scalar and continuous everywhere. One of the most important steps in the inversion is the selection of a proper regularization parameter for stability. The extended Born solution provides an efficient means for selecting an optimum regularization parameter, because the Green's functions, the most time consuming part in IE methods, are repeatedly re-usable at each iteration. In addition, the IE formulation readily contains a sensitivity matrix, which can be revised at each iteration at little expense. In this paper we show inversion results using synthetic and field data. The result from field data is compared with that of a 3-D inversion scheme.

Lee, Ki Ha; Kim, Hee Joon; Wilt, Mike

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z