National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for intelligent transportation systems

  1. Intelligent Transport Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deakin, Elizabeth; Frick, Karen Trapenberg; Skabardonis, Alexander

    2009-01-01

    in Sustainable Urban Transport: City Interview Synthesis (of Leeds, Institute for Transport Studies, forthcoming.I NTELLIGENT TRANSPORT SYSTEMS LINKING TECHNOLOGY AND

  2. 1.212J / ESD.221J An Introduction to Intelligent Transportation Systems, Spring 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sussman, Joseph

    Basic elements of intelligent transportation systems. Technological, systems, and institutional aspects of ITS considered, including system architecture, congestion pricing, public/private partnerships, network models, ITS ...

  3. Air quality and Intelligent Transportation Systems : understanding Integrated Innovation, Deployment and Adaptation of Public Technologies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dodder, Rebecca Susanne

    2006-01-01

    During the past two decades, Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) have provided transportation organizations with increasingly advanced tools both to operate and manage systems in real-time. At the same time, federal ...

  4. A Wireless Sensor Network for Smart Roadbeds and Intelligent Transportation Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A Wireless Sensor Network for Smart Roadbeds and Intelligent Transportation Systems by Ara N a wireless sensor package to instrument roadways for Intelligent Transportation Systems. The sensor package______________________________________________________ Arthur C. Smith Chairman, Department Committee on Graduate Theses #12;2 A Wireless Sensor Network

  5. Intelligent Transportation Systems: A Compendium of Technology Summaries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deakin, Elizabeth

    2003-01-01

    interoperability of transport systems across and within the Member States; focusing on user safety, costs, and intermodal movement; rational energy

  6. Dallas area-wide intelligent transportation system plan. Draft research report, August 1992-August 1996

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carvell, J.D.; Seymour, E.J.; Walters, C.H.; Starr, T.R.; Balke, K.

    1996-07-01

    This report documents the development of a comprehensive plan for implementation of Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) in the Dallas Urban Area. The contract defined objectives: Develop a Broadly Based Steering Committee; Assess Existing Transportation Management Systems and Potential ITS Technology; Identify Institutional Issues and Legal Barriers; Develop an Implementable, Area-Wide Multi-Jurisdictional ITS Plan; and Develop Cost, Benefits, and an Implementation Plan.

  7. GIZ Sourcebook Module 4e: Intelligent Transport Systems | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable Urban TransportFortistarFuelCellsEtcSilicon Co LtdGEOGHD Inc|

  8. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INTELLIGENT TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS, VOL. 3, NO. 4, DECEMBER 2002 293 A Self-Describing Data Transfer Model for ITS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Cathey, and D. Meyers Abstract--The wide variety of remote sensors used in Intelligent TransportationIEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INTELLIGENT TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS, VOL. 3, NO. 4, DECEMBER 2002 293 A Self- guage; and 4) architecture neutral encoders and decoders based on ASN.1. Index Terms--ASN-1, intelligent

  9. R&D and deployment valuation of intelligent transportation systems : a case example of the intersection collision avoidance systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hodota, Kenichi

    2006-01-01

    Compared with investments in the conventional infrastructure, those in Intelligent Transportation Technology (ITS) include various uncertainties. Because deployment of ITS requires close public-private partnership, projects ...

  10. Intelligent Transport Systems and Services, 16-20 November 2003, Madrid, Spain SAVE-U : An innovative sensor platform for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gavrila, Dariu M.

    Intelligent Transport Systems and Services, 16-20 November 2003, Madrid, Spain 1 SAVE called SAVE-U (IST-2001-34040): "Sensors and system architecture for VulnerablE road Users protection" aimed at developing an integrated safety concept for pedestrians and cyclists. SAVE-U started in March

  11. Paper presented at the Third World Congress on Intelligent Transport Systems, October 14-18, 1996, Orlando, Florida. Data Fusion for Multimodal Traveler Information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paper presented at the Third World Congress on Intelligent Transport Systems, October 14-18, 1996 In this paper, we describe a structured approach to developing an Intelligent Transportation System (ITS) data, which estimates mean vehicle speeds using single inductance loops sensors. These two aspects of data

  12. LIDAR, Camera and Inertial Sensors Based Navigation Techniques for Advanced Intelligent Transportation System Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Lili

    2010-01-01

    planar range sensor designed for intelligent robots andSensors Based Navigation Techniques for Advanced IntelligentSensors Based Navigation Techniques for Advanced Intelligent

  13. Interpretation Intelligent Systems Laboratory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ward, Koren

    1 TENS Text Interpretation Intelligent Systems Laboratory University of Wollongong TENS Text and delivering the text data to the user by electrically stimulating the fingers. Intelligent Systems Laboratory ­ University of Wollongong #12;2 The TENS Unit Intelligent Systems Laboratory ­ University of Wollongong

  14. Strategic Plan for Coordinating Rural Intelligent Transportation System (ITS) Transit Development in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Truett, L.F.

    2002-12-19

    The Great Smoky Mountains National Park, located along the border between North Carolina and Tennessee, is the most visited national park in the United States. This rugged, mountainous area presents many transportation challenges. The immense popularity of the Smokies and the fact that the primary mode of transportation within the park is the personal vehicle have resulted in congestion, damage to the environment, impacts on safety, and a degraded visitor experience. Access to some of the Smokies historical, cultural, and recreational attractions via a mass transit system could alleviate many of the transportation issues. Although quite a few organizations are proponents of a mass transit system for the Smokies, there is a lack of coordination among all parties. In addition, many local residents are not completely comfortable with the idea of transit in the Smokies. This document provides a brief overview of the current transportation needs and limitations in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park, identifies agencies and groups with particular interests in the Smokies, and offers insights into the benefits of using Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) technologies in the Smokies. Recommendations for the use of rural ITS transit to solve two major transportation issues are presented.

  15. Guidebook for Selecting Cost-Effective Wireless Communication Technologies for Intelligent Transportation Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas at Austin, University of

    0-4449-P1 Guidebook for Selecting Cost-Effective Wireless Communication Technologies Research, The University of Texas at Austin Project 0-4449: Cost-Effective Strategies for Communicating-2650 Sponsoring Organization: Texas Department of Transportation Research and Technology Implementation Office P

  16. Symposium on Intelligent Embedded Systems (IES 2014) at IEEE Symposium Series in Computational Intelligence 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alippi, Cesare

    with sensors, actuators and computational intelligence -based computing ability, permeate our daily life of Things · Intelligent sensor networks · Intelligent sensors and robotics · Intelligent measurement systems-world applications Keywords Embedded systems, fault-diagnosis systems, intelligent applications, intelligent sensors

  17. Engaging the International Community: Research on Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) Applications to Improve Environmental Performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shladover, Steven; Barth, Matthew J; Zhang, Wei-Bin

    2011-01-01

    Platform for cooperative systems enabled services. In parallel with these ITS-focused projects, the “Green Car”

  18. Development and validation of an areawide congestion index using Intelligent Transportation Systems data 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Albert, Luke Perrone

    2000-01-01

    The primary objective of this study was to examine potential areawide congestion indices using loop detector data, and to select one that best explains the congestion of a freeway system. Another objective was to determine the accuracy of the loop...

  19. Project Information Form Project Title Eco-Friendly Intelligent Transportation System Technology for Freight

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    has been applied to light-duty vehicles. This project will develop and apply new ECO-ITS technologies) to evaluate different scenarios that utilize different forms of ECO-ITS technology. These truck-based ECO management systems to better monitor truck traffic speed, density, and flow and then communicate information

  20. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INTELLIGENT TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS, VOL. 15, NO. 2, APRIL 2014 685 Algebraic Connectivity Maximization for Air

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sun, Dengfeng

    Connectivity Maximization for Air Transportation Networks Peng Wei, Member, IEEE, Gregoire Spiers, and Dengfeng Sun, Member, IEEE Abstract--It is necessary to design a robust air transportation network. An experiment based on the real air transportation network is performed to show that algebraic connectivity

  1. A Low-Cost Distributed Control Architecture for Intelligent Transportation Systems Deployment in the State of Oklahoma

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Havlicek, Joebob

    in the State of Oklahoma Robert C. Huck, Joseph P. Havlicek, James J. Sluss, Jr., and Alan R. Stevenson the Oklahoma Depart- ment of Transportation and the Oklahoma Highway Safety Office. R. Huck is with the University of Oklahoma, Telecommunications Inter- operability Lab, Tulsa, OK 74135, USA. rchuck@ou.edu J

  2. 494 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INTELLIGENT TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS, VOL. 15, NO. 2, APRIL 2014 Will the Pedestrian Cross?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gavrila, Dariu M.

    Will the Pedestrian Cross? A Study on Pedestrian Path Prediction Christoph G. Keller and Dariu M. Gavrila Abstract--Future vehicle systems for active pedestrian safety will not only require a high recognition performance but also an accurate analysis of the developing traffic situation. In this paper, we present a study on pedestrian path

  3. "Intelligent systems for healthcare and robotics"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhigilei, Leonid V.

    "Intelligent systems for healthcare and robotics" Laura Barnes Assistant Professor lbarnes, and robotics. We are interested in problems such as computationally modeling group behavior and interactions and clinicians. Robotics & Multiagent Systems Research in this area is specifically focused on multiagent

  4. Instrumentation, Control, and Intelligent Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2005-09-01

    Abundant and affordable energy is required for U.S. economic stability and national security. Advanced nuclear power plants offer the best near-term potential to generate abundant, affordable, and sustainable electricity and hydrogen without appreciable generation of greenhouse gases. To that end, Idaho National Laboratory (INL) has been charged with leading the revitalization of nuclear power in the U.S. The INL vision is to become the preeminent nuclear energy laboratory with synergistic, world-class, multi-program capabilities and partnerships by 2015. The vision focuses on four essential destinations: (1) Be the preeminent internationally-recognized nuclear energy research, development, and demonstration laboratory; (2) Be a major center for national security technology development and demonstration; (3) Be a multi-program national laboratory with world-class capabilities; (4) Foster academic, industry, government, and international collaborations to produce the needed investment, programs, and expertise. Crucial to that effort is the inclusion of research in advanced instrumentation, control, and intelligent systems (ICIS) for use in current and advanced power and energy security systems to enable increased performance, reliability, security, and safety. For nuclear energy plants, ICIS will extend the lifetime of power plant systems, increase performance and power output, and ensure reliable operation within the system's safety margin; for national security applications, ICIS will enable increased protection of our nation's critical infrastructure. In general, ICIS will cost-effectively increase performance for all energy security systems.

  5. Information Technology and Intelligent Transportation: A

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yehudai, Amiram

    ­ Will develop novel classes of applications · Colleges: engineering, business, urban planning Transportation ·Environmental: ­ > 50% of hazardous air pollutants in U.S., ­ up to 90% of the carbon monoxide in urban air #12 Motorization Growth: Road Vehicle Populations by Region, 1996 and 2020 Source: EIA, International Energy

  6. Performance Modeling of Intelligent Car Parking Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Telek, Miklós

    introduction at the beginning of the century [2], the smart city concept enjoys an enormous attention from. In an intelligent car parking system the driver selects its destination on a smart- phone application when entering

  7. Communication Systems: A Unified Model of Socially Intelligent Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rovatsos, Michael

    Communication Systems: A Unified Model of Socially Intelligent Systems Matthias Nickles, Michael communication systems (CS) as a unified model for socially intelligent systems. This model derived from sociological systems theory, combines the empirical analysis of communication in a social system with logical

  8. On modeling and controlling intelligent systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dress, W.B.

    1993-11-01

    The aim of this paper is to show how certain diverse and advanced techniques of information processing and system theory might be integrated into a model of an intelligent, complex entity capable of materially enhancing an advanced information management system. To this end, we first examine the notion of intelligence and ask whether a semblance thereof can arise in a system consisting of ensembles of finite-state automata. Our goal is to find a functional model of intelligence in an information-management setting that can be used as a tool. The purpose of this tool is to allow us to create systems of increasing complexity and utility, eventually reaching the goal of an intelligent information management system that provides and anticipates needed data and information. We base our attempt on the ideas of general system theory where the four topics of system identification, modeling, optimization, and control provide the theoretical framework for constructing a complex system that will be capable of interacting with complex systems in the real world. These four key topics are discussed within the purview of cellular automata, neural networks, and evolutionary programming. This is a report of ongoing work, and not yet a success story of a synthetic intelligent system.

  9. Expert systems in transportation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    O'Leary, K.P.

    1988-01-01

    The 5 papers in the report deal with the following areas: Knowledge representation and software selection for expert-systems design; Expert-system architecture for retaining-wall design; Development of expert-systems technology in the California Department of Transportation; Development of an expert system to assist in the interactive graphic transit system design process; Expert systems development for contingency transportation planing.

  10. Intelligent Transformer Monitoring System Utilizing Neuro-Fuzzy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Intelligent Transformer Monitoring System Utilizing Neuro-Fuzzy Technique Approach Intelligent Center Intelligent Transformer Monitoring System Utilizing Neuro-Fuzzy Technique Approach Final Project transformers and circuit breakers off-line, in order to assess whether the equipment is operating normally

  11. Intelligent systems for the molecular biologist

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brutlag, D.L.

    1995-12-31

    This tutorial was one of eight tutorials selected to be presented at the Third International Conference on Intelligent Systems for Molecular Biology which was held in the United Kingdom from July 16 to 19, 1995. In this paper, one objective is to identify properties of DNA sequences that determine their function, by computer-aided statistical analysis and to accurately predict its function, given a new sequence. A related problem is to predict protein structure and function from the sequence.

  12. Transport in granular systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wendell, Dawn M. (Dawn Marie), 1983-

    2011-01-01

    There are many situations in which a continuum view of granular systems does not fully capture the relevant mechanics. In order for engineers to be able to design systems for transporting granular materials, there needs ...

  13. Intelligent hand-portable proliferation sensing system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dieckman, S.L.; Bostrom, G.A.; Waterfield, L.G.; Jendrzejczyk, J.A.; Ahuja, S.; Raptis, A.C.

    1997-08-01

    Argonne National Laboratory, with support from DOE`s Office of Nonproliferation and National Security, is currently developing an intelligent hand-portable sensor system. This system is designed specifically to support the intelligence community with the task of in-field sensing of nuclear proliferation and related activities. Based upon pulsed laser photo-ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry technology, this novel sensing system is capable of quickly providing a molecular or atomic analysis of specimens. The system is capable of analyzing virtually any gas phase molecule, or molecule that can be induced into the gas phase by (for example) sample heating. This system has the unique advantages of providing unprecedented portability, excellent sensitivity, tremendous fieldability, and a high performance/cost ratio. The system will be capable of operating in a highly automated manner for on-site inspections, and easily modified for other applications such as perimeter monitoring aboard a plane or drone. The paper describes the sensing system.

  14. IJCNN 2015 Call For Papers Special Session on Intelligence for cyber-physical, embedded and pervasive systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alippi, Cesare

    · Intelligent sensors and robo1cs · Intelligent systems for embedded applica1ons · Intelligent sensors · Intelligence for sensor networks · Neuromorphic systems · InternetIJCNN 2015 Call For Papers ­ Special Session on Intelligence for cyber

  15. Integrated intelligent systems in advanced reactor control rooms

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Beckmeyer, R.R.

    1989-01-01

    An intelligent, reactor control room, information system is designed to be an integral part of an advanced control room and will assist the reactor operator's decision making process by continuously monitoring the current plant state and providing recommended operator actions to improve that state. This intelligent system is an integral part of, as well as an extension to, the plant protection and control systems. This paper describes the interaction of several functional components (intelligent information data display, technical specifications monitoring, and dynamic procedures) of the overall system and the artificial intelligence laboratory environment assembled for testing the prototype. 10 refs., 5 figs.

  16. System design and dynamic signature identification for intelligent energy management in residential buildings.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jang, Jaehwi

    2008-01-01

    of commercial energy management systems, IEEE Transactionsfor intelligent energy management systems of resi- dentialin an intelligent energy management system, three approaches

  17. Development of an Intelligent Systems Approach for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    ;VIRTUAL INTELLIGENCE Conventional Computing Soft Computing · Bivalent Logic · Numerical Analysis · Probability · Differential Equations · Functional Analysis · Mathematical Programming · Approximation Theory

  18. Ris Energy Report 8 The intelligent energy system infrastructure for the future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Risø Energy Report 8 The intelligent energy system infrastructure for the future Reprint Petersen #12;Risø Energy Report 5 Renewable energy for power and transport Global energy policy today is dominated by three concerns: security of supply, climate change, and energy for development and poverty

  19. Automatic recognition codes for Intelligent Vehicle-Highway Systems 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leonardi, Pierre Charles Louis

    1994-01-01

    This thesis describes an automatic recognition code system designed for non-stop toll collection (part of Intelligent Vehicle-Highway Systems). The system uses Bose, Chaudhuri, and Hocquenghem (BCH) codes to encode the information. Each code...

  20. Partitioning networks into communities by message passing MOE-Microsoft Laboratory for Intelligent Computing and Intelligent Systems,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nardini, Christine

    for Intelligent Computing and Intelligent Systems, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Shanghai Jiao and Intelligent Systems, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 800 Dong of Computational Biology, CAS-MPG Partner Institute for Computational Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 320 Yue

  1. Automated Transportation Logistics and Analysis System (ATLAS...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Packaging and Transportation Automated Transportation Logistics and Analysis System (ATLAS) Automated Transportation Logistics and Analysis System (ATLAS) The Department of...

  2. Intelligent Predictive Control Methods for Synchronous Power System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rizvi, Syed Z.

    @kfupm.edu.sa Abstract--In this paper, an intelligent Model Predictive Con- troller (MPC) for a Synchronous Power Machine of a Single synchronous Machine on Infinite Bus (SMIB) has been one of the most important problems for powerIntelligent Predictive Control Methods for Synchronous Power System Muhammad S. Yousuf Electrical

  3. Integrated transportation system design optimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Christine P. (Christine Pia), 1979-

    2007-01-01

    Traditionally, the design of a transportation system has focused on either the vehicle design or the network flow, assuming the other as given. However, to define a system level architecture for a transportation system, ...

  4. ARKTOS: An intelligent system for SAR sea ice image classification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Soh, L. K.; Tsatsoulis, Costas; Gineris, D.; Bertoia, C.

    2004-01-01

    We present an intelligent system for satellite sea ice image analysis named Advanced Reasoning using Knowledge for T ping Of Sea ice (ARKTOS). ARKTOS performs fully automated analysis of synthetic aperture radar (SAR) sea ice images by mimicking...

  5. Transportation System Concept of Operations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    N. Slater-Thompson

    2006-08-16

    The Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982 (NWPA), as amended, authorized the DOE to develop and manage a Federal system for the disposal of SNF and HLW. OCRWM was created to manage acceptance and disposal of SNF and HLW in a manner that protects public health, safety, and the environment; enhances national and energy security; and merits public confidence. This responsibility includes managing the transportation of SNF and HLW from origin sites to the Repository for disposal. The Transportation System Concept of Operations is the core high-level OCRWM document written to describe the Transportation System integrated design and present the vision, mission, and goals for Transportation System operations. By defining the functions, processes, and critical interfaces of this system early in the system development phase, programmatic risks are minimized, system costs are contained, and system operations are better managed, safer, and more secure. This document also facilitates discussions and understanding among parties responsible for the design, development, and operation of the Transportation System. Such understanding is important for the timely development of system requirements and identification of system interfaces. Information provided in the Transportation System Concept of Operations includes: the functions and key components of the Transportation System; system component interactions; flows of information within the system; the general operating sequences; and the internal and external factors affecting transportation operations. The Transportation System Concept of Operations reflects OCRWM's overall waste management system policies and mission objectives, and as such provides a description of the preferred state of system operation. The description of general Transportation System operating functions in the Transportation System Concept of Operations is the first step in the OCRWM systems engineering process, establishing the starting point for the lower level descriptions. of subsystems and components, and the Transportation System Requirements Document. Other program and system documents, plans, instructions, and detailed designs will be consistent with and informed by the Transportation System Concept of Operations. The Transportation System Concept of Operations is a living document, enduring throughout the OCRWM systems engineering lifecycle. It will undergo formal approval and controlled revisions as appropriate while the Transportation System matures. Revisions will take into account new policy decisions, new information available through system modeling, engineering investigations, technical analyses and tests, and the introduction of new technologies that can demonstrably improve system performance.

  6. Business Intelligence: The Next Frontier for Information Systems Research?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Business Intelligence: The Next Frontier for Information Systems Research? Panel at WITS­2001 1 1 Panel Description. In: Proceedings of the Workshop on Information Technologies and Systems (WITS '01 with the International Conference on Information Systems (http://isds.bus.lsu.edu/icis2001/). Section on Panel Chairs did

  7. Business Intelligence: The Next Frontier for Information Systems Research?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Business Intelligence: The Next Frontier for Information Systems Research? Panel at WITS-20011 1 Panel Description. In: Proceedings of the Workshop on Information Technologies and Systems (WITS '01 with the International Conference on Information Systems (http://isds.bus.lsu.edu/icis2001/). Section on Panel Chairs did

  8. Neural Network Based Intelligent Sootblowing System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mark Rhode

    2005-04-01

    Cost effective generation of electricity is vital to the economic growth and stability of this nation. To accomplish this goal a balanced portfolio of fuel sources must be maintained and established which not only addresses the cost of conversion of these energy sources to electricity, but also does so in an efficient and environmentally sound manner. Conversion of coal as an energy source to produce steam for a variety of systems has been a cornerstone of modern industry. However, the use of coal in combustion systems has traditionally produced unacceptable levels of gaseous and particulate emissions, albeit that recent combustion, removal and mitigation techniques have drastically reduced these levels. With the combustion of coal there is always the formation and deposition of ash and slag within the boilers. This adversely affects the rate at which heat is transferred to the working fluid, which in the case of electric generators is water/steam. The fouling of the boiler leads to poor efficiencies due to the fact that heat which could normally be transferred to the working fluid remains in the flue gas stream and exits to the environment without beneficial use. This loss in efficiency translates to higher consumption of fuel for equivalent levels of electric generation; hence more gaseous emissions are also produced. Another less obvious problem exists with fouling of various sections of the boiler creating intense peak temperatures within and around the combustion zone. Total nitrogen oxides (NOx) generation is primarily a function of both ''fuel'' and ''thermal'' NOx production. Fuel NOx which generally comprises 20%-40% of the total NOx generated is predominantly influenced by the levels of oxygen present, while thermal NOx which comprises the balance is a function of temperature. As the fouling of the boiler increases and the rate of heat transfer decreases, peak temperatures increase as does the thermal NOx production. Due to the composition of coal, particulate matter is also a by-product of coal combustion. Modern day utility boilers are usually fitted with electrostatic precipitators to aid in the collection of particulate matter. Although extremely efficient, these devices are sensitive to rapid changes in inlet mass concentration as well as total mass loading. Traditionally, utility boilers are equipped with devices known as sootblowers, which use, steam, water or air to dislodge and clean the surfaces within the boiler and are operated based upon established rule or operator's judgment. Poor sootblowing regimes can influence particulate mass loading to the electrostatic precipitators. The project applied a neural network intelligent sootblowing system in conjunction with state-of-the-art controls and instruments to optimize the operation of a utility boiler and systematically control boiler slagging/fouling. This optimization process targeted reduction of NOx of 30%, improved efficiency of 2% and a reduction in opacity of 5%. The neural network system proved to be a non-invasive system which can readily be adapted to virtually any utility boiler. Specific conclusions from this neural network application are listed below. These conclusions should be used in conjunction with the specific details provided in the technical discussions of this report to develop a thorough understanding of the process.

  9. Transforming California's Freight Transport System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    Transforming California's Freight Transport System Policy Forum on the Role of Freight Transport in Achieving Clean Air, Climate Goals, Economic Growth and Healthy Communities in California Jack Kitowski April 19, 2013 1 #12;Freight Impacts at Many Levels 2 #12;Freight Transport Today: Contribution

  10. Open Giant Intelligent Information Systems and Its Agent-Oriented Abstraction Mechanism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cao, Longbing

    Open Giant Intelligent Information Systems and Its Agent-Oriented Abstraction Mechanism Longbing intelligent information systems, an open giant intelligent information system is a special kind of complex information system, and then we discussed the challenges of agent-based computing for dealing with the above

  11. Robotic Intelligent System | GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMassR&D100NationalquestionnairesDrought-inducedPhotoRoboRAVE bringsIntelligent

  12. Develop feedback system for intelligent dynamic resource allocation to improve application performance.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gentile, Ann C.; Brandt, James M.; Tucker, Thomas (Open Grid Computing, Inc., Austin, TX); Thompson, David

    2011-09-01

    This report provides documentation for the completion of the Sandia Level II milestone 'Develop feedback system for intelligent dynamic resource allocation to improve application performance'. This milestone demonstrates the use of a scalable data collection analysis and feedback system that enables insight into how an application is utilizing the hardware resources of a high performance computing (HPC) platform in a lightweight fashion. Further we demonstrate utilizing the same mechanisms used for transporting data for remote analysis and visualization to provide low latency run-time feedback to applications. The ultimate goal of this body of work is performance optimization in the face of the ever increasing size and complexity of HPC systems.

  13. Generalized Intelligent States for an Arbitrary Quantum System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. H. EL Kinani; M. Daoud

    2003-11-06

    Generalized Intelligent States (coherent and squeezed states) are derived for an arbitrary quantum system by using the minimization of the so-called Robertson-Schr\\"odinger uncertainty relation. The Fock-Bargmann representation is also considered. As a direct illustration of our construction, the P\\"oschl-Teller potentials of trigonometric type will be shosen. We will show the advantage of the Fock-Bargmann representation in obtaining the generalized intelligent states in an analytical way. Many properties of these states are studied.

  14. Proceedings of the sixth international symposium on methodologies for intelligent systems (Poster Session)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harber, K.S.

    1991-09-01

    This volume contains papers which have been selected for the poster Session at the Sixth International Symposium for Intelligent Systems held October 1991, The following major areas were covered: expert systems; intelligent databases; knowledge representation; learning and adaptive systems; and logic for artificial intelligence. Nineteen full papers are included. (GHH)

  15. Declarative & Procedural Goals in Intelligent Agent Systems Michael Winikoff

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Padgham, Lin

    Science and Information Technology RMIT University Melbourne, Australia. winikoff@cs.rmit.edu.au LinDeclarative & Procedural Goals in Intelligent Agent Systems Michael Winikoff School of Computer is that of goals (Winikoff et al., 2001). Goals have two aspects: declarative, where a goal is a description

  16. An Intelligent Systems Approach to Reservoir Characterization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shahab D. Mohaghegh; Jaime Toro; Thomas H. Wilson; Emre Artun; Alejandro Sanchez; Sandeep Pyakurel

    2005-08-01

    Today, the major challenge in reservoir characterization is integrating data coming from different sources in varying scales, in order to obtain an accurate and high-resolution reservoir model. The role of seismic data in this integration is often limited to providing a structural model for the reservoir. Its relatively low resolution usually limits its further use. However, its areal coverage and availability suggest that it has the potential of providing valuable data for more detailed reservoir characterization studies through the process of seismic inversion. In this paper, a novel intelligent seismic inversion methodology is presented to achieve a desirable correlation between relatively low-frequency seismic signals, and the much higher frequency wireline-log data. Vertical seismic profile (VSP) is used as an intermediate step between the well logs and the surface seismic. A synthetic seismic model is developed by using real data and seismic interpretation. In the example presented here, the model represents the Atoka and Morrow formations, and the overlying Pennsylvanian sequence of the Buffalo Valley Field in New Mexico. Generalized regression neural network (GRNN) is used to build two independent correlation models between; (1) Surface seismic and VSP, (2) VSP and well logs. After generating virtual VSP's from the surface seismic, well logs are predicted by using the correlation between VSP and well logs. The values of the density log, which is a surrogate for reservoir porosity, are predicted for each seismic trace through the seismic line with a classification approach having a correlation coefficient of 0.81. The same methodology is then applied to real data taken from the Buffalo Valley Field, to predict inter-well gamma ray and neutron porosity logs through the seismic line of interest. The same procedure can be applied to a complete 3D seismic block to obtain 3D distributions of reservoir properties with less uncertainty than the geostatistical estimation methods. The intelligent seismic inversion method should help to increase the success of drilling new wells during field development.

  17. Integration of Intelligent Systems and Sensor Fusion within the CONTROLAB AGV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carneiro, Gustavo

    Integration of Intelligent Systems and Sensor Fusion within the CONTROLAB AGV E. P. L. Audea T the integration of intelligent systems and the use of sensor fusion within a Multi-Level Fusion Architecture (MUFA. Keywords: Autonomous Guided Vehicles, Sensor Fusion, Distributed Intelligence, Obstacle Avoidance

  18. for ISMIS91 The Roles of Artificial Intelligence in Information Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiederhold, Gio

    1 for ISMIS­91 The Roles of Artificial Intelligence in Information Systems Gio Wiederhold Stanford are suitable for artificial intelligence approaches we outline an architectural structure for large systems. In that structure processing modules become specialized. We argue that artificial intelligence programs should

  19. LEXSYS: Architecture and Implication for Intelligent Agent systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robert, Charles A B

    2010-01-01

    LEXSYS, (Legume Expert System) was a project conceived at IITA (International Institute of Tropical Agriculture) Ibadan Nigeria. It was initiated by the COMBS (Collaborative Group on Maize-Based Systems Research in the 1990. It was meant for a general framework for characterizing on-farm testing for technology design for sustainable cereal-based cropping system. LEXSYS is not a true expert system as the name would imply, but simply a user-friendly information system. This work is an attempt to give a formal representation of the existing system and then present areas where intelligent agent can be applied.

  20. Transportation, Aging and Disposal Canister System Performance...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    document provides specifications for selected system components of the Transportation, Aging and Disposal (TAD) canister-based system. Transportation, Aging and Disposal Canister...

  1. M. D. Lemmon and P. J. Antsaklis, "Towards a Working Characterization of "Intelligent" Supervisory Control," Technical Report of the ISIS (Interdisciplinary Studies of Intelligent Systems) Group, No. ISIS-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Antsaklis, Panos

    Control," Technical Report of the ISIS (Interdisciplinary Studies of Intelligent Systems) Group, No. ISIS Characterization of "Intelligent" Supervisory Control," Technical Report of the ISIS (Interdisciplinary Studies of Intelligent Systems) Group, No. ISIS- 93-007, Univ of Notre Dame, November 1993. #12;M. D. Lemmon and P. J

  2. Symbolic diagnosis for intelligent control of real-time systems 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jowers, Steven James

    1989-01-01

    automation, and aerospace power systems. The approach is to create a generic, symbolic shell to interpret data from 'real-time' numerical processes. The interpreted data is then utilized by com- panion symbolic and numeric modules resulting in a dynamic... 19 24 25 26 28 A. Intelligent control paradigm -overview . B. Software-intensive radio application . C. The Symbolic Diagnostician . . D. Design implementation . E. Real-time constraint 28 32 35 44 46 IV IMPLEMENTING THE DIAGNOSTIC...

  3. Heat transport system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Harkness, Samuel D. (McMurray, PA)

    1982-01-01

    A falling bed of ceramic particles receives neutron irradiation from a neutron-producing plasma and thereby transports energy as heat from the plasma to a heat exchange location where the ceramic particles are cooled by a gas flow. The cooled ceramic particles are elevated to a location from which they may again pass by gravity through the region where they are exposed to neutron radiation. Ceramic particles of alumina, magnesia, silica and combinations of these materials are contemplated as high-temperature materials that will accept energy from neutron irradiation. Separate containers of material incorporating lithium are exposed to the neutron flux for the breeding of tritium that may subsequently be used in neutron-producing reactions. The falling bed of ceramic particles includes velocity partitioning between compartments near to the neutron-producing plasma and compartments away from the plasma to moderate the maximum temperature in the bed.

  4. K. M. Passino and P. J. Antsaklis, "A System and Control Theoretic Perspective on Artificial Intelligence Planning Systems," Control Systems Technical Report #63, Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Antsaklis, Panos

    on Artificial Intelligence Planning Systems," Control Systems Technical Report #63, Dept. of Electrical Perspective on Artificial Intelligence Planning Systems," Control Systems Technical Report #63, Dept Perspective on Artificial Intelligence Planning Systems," Control Systems Technical Report #63, Dept

  5. Intelligent Lighting System Using Wireless Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kumaar, A A Nippun; TSB, Sudarshan; 10.5121/ijasuc.2010.1402

    2011-01-01

    This paper examines the use of Wireless Sensor Networks interfaced with light fittings to allow for daylight substitution techniques to reduce energy usage in existing buildings. This creates a wire free system for existing buildings with minimal disruption and cost.

  6. Pion capture and transport system for PRISM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDonald, Kirk

    solenoid cold mass Transport pions+muons in long 2T solenoid channelPion capture and transport system for PRISM M. Yoshida Osaka Univ. 2005/8/28 NuFACT06 at UCI #12 and transport system proton beam Phase rotator PRIME detector #12;Concepts of pion capture/transport system

  7. Int. J. Vehicle Information and Communication Systems, Vol. 1, Nos. 1/2, 2005 119 Copyright 2005 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Washington at Seattle, University of

    -mail: hdong@ucdavis.edu Abstract: With the widespread adoption of automated traffic sensors, the increase degree in transportation engineering. Her research interests include intelligent transportation systems Tsinghua University. Dr. Wang serves as the Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) Program Coordinator

  8. Intelligent Transportation Systems Deployment Analysis System | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA JumpDuimenMakingBiofuels Jump to:Energy/Infinite Energy,

  9. Industrial Applications of Artificial Intelligence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fox, Mark S.

    Industrial Applications of Artificial Intelligence 301 Mark S. Fox Intelligent Systems Laboratory and future applicationsof Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Knowledge-Based systems to manufactur- ing is taking a systemic view of manufacturing. Keywords: Artificial Intelligence and Manufacturing, Knowl- edge

  10. Wireless Magnetic Sensor Applications in Transportation Infrastructure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanchez, Rene Omar

    2012-01-01

    of wireless magnetic sensors in Intelligent Trans- portationof wireless magnetic sensors in Intelligent Transportationmagnetic sensors for different Intelligent Transportation

  11. Presenting JECA: A Java Error Correcting Algorithm for the Java Intelligent Tutoring System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franek, Frantisek

    Presenting JECA: A Java Error Correcting Algorithm for the Java Intelligent Tutoring System Edward context involving small Java programs. Furthermore, this paper presents JECA (Java Error Correction is to provide a foundation for the Java Intelligent Tutoring System (JITS) currently being field-tested. Key

  12. Proceedingsof 2004 IEEEiRSJ InternationalConference on Intelligent Rob018 and Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Wei-Min

    is the process of using robots, robotic modules, intelligent or non-intelligent components to make larger complex are likely to be big and complex (e.g., a typical solar power system would have many thousands of components. Roeonc-AsstMBLY STRATEGY To validate our approach, we have select

  13. A Prototype for an Intelligent Tutoring System for Students Learning to Program in Java TM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franek, Frantisek

    A Prototype for an Intelligent Tutoring System for Students Learning to Program in Java TM Edward R, L8S 4L8 +1 (905) 525­9140 Ext. 23233 franek@mcmaster.ca Abstract The ``Java TM Intelligent Tutoring in their first programming course in Java TM at the College and University level. This paper presents an overview

  14. Energy Transport in the Vaidya System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. P. Krisch; E. N. Glass

    2005-03-21

    Energy transport mechanisms can be generated by imposing relations between null tetrad Ricci components. Several kinds of mass and density transport generated by these relations are studied for the generalized Vaidya system.

  15. TIS (Technology Information System): The Intelligent Gateway Processor (IGP)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hampel, V.E.; Barker, R.; Berch, M.; Kawin, R.; Lann, N.; McGrogan, S.; Sharpe, N.; Winiger, G.

    1984-10-01

    The Technology Information System (TIS) is an Intelligent Gateway Processor (IGP) capable of interconnecting heterogeneous information resources at geographically distributed locations in an automated, unified, and controlled manner. It augments the capabilities of personal computers and workstations of scientists and engineers by providing a shared directory to worldwide bibliographic and numeric resources and a library of self-guided procedures by which test, data, and graphs can be downloaded, reformatted, aggregated, analyzed, and shared among users and different host machines. The TIS link capability is used routinely for transcontinental tutorials and as a proactical means for the audiovisual linking of TIS users with experts at their respective locations. The IGP universal user interface permits changes and additions of available resources while running non-stop. The TIS/IGP at th Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) serves as the host system for several different communities of users who develop integrated information systems for personal and shared programmatic resources. The TIS local area network utilizes a 10 Mbps Ethernet which serves as a testbed for high-technology hardware and software.

  16. Transport in Transitory Dynamical Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. A. Mosovsky; J. D. Meiss

    2010-08-10

    We introduce the concept of a "transitory" dynamical system---one whose time-dependence is confined to a compact interval---and show how to quantify transport between two-dimensional Lagrangian coherent structures for the Hamiltonian case. This requires knowing only the "action" of relevant heteroclinic orbits at the intersection of invariant manifolds of "forward" and "backward" hyperbolic orbits. These manifolds can be easily computed by leveraging the autonomous nature of the vector fields on either side of the time-dependent transition. As illustrative examples we consider a two-dimensional fluid flow in a rotating double-gyre configuration and a simple one-and-a-half degree of freedom model of a resonant particle accelerator. We compare our results to those obtained using finite-time Lyapunov exponents and to adiabatic theory, discussing the benefits and limitations of each method.

  17. This article has been accepted for inclusion in a future issue of this journal. Content is final as presented, with the exception of pagination. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INTELLIGENT TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benjaafar, Saifallah

    replenishment. This is an alternate system in which the charge replenishment is provided by mobile chargers (MCs). These chargers could have two possible configurations: a mobile plug-in charger (MP) or a mobile battery

  18. 2015 GRADUATE STUDIES TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS ENGINEERING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    that transportation systems affect the environment through construction, maintenance and operation of facilities the environmental, institutional and societal context in which these systems operate. At the core of our program and statistical analysis with technical electives from other academic units. Our nation's transportation system

  19. Optimization Problems in Natural Gas Transportation Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mar 2, 2015 ... Optimization Problems in Natural Gas Transportation Systems: A State-of-the-Art Review. Roger Z. Rios-Mercado (roger.rios ***at*** ...

  20. Intelligent Cruise Control design based on a traffic flow specification 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huandra, Rusli

    1998-01-01

    The principal objectives of the Automated Highway graphics. System (AHS), an Intelligent Transportation System (ITS) technology, are to increase the safety and through-put of the existing highway by traffic automation. Advanced Vehicle Control...

  1. i-Seek : an intelligent system for eliciting and explaining knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kumar, Ashwani, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2005-01-01

    We propose i-Seek, an Intelligent System for Eliciting and Explaining Knowledge that leverages the OpenMind [1] Commonsense knowledge base in conjunction with domain- specific knowledge in Personal Finance, Technical Help, ...

  2. IROS2007 Workshop on Performance Evaluation of Intelligent and Autonomous Systems Kaz Kawamura, Ph.D.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to Cognitive Systems: A Perspective from Cognitive Robotics" Introduction Today robotics technology.g., partner to the elderly, rehabilitations, search and rescue, etc. If robotics technology intelligence, cognitive science, neuroscience, biology, psychology, and cybernetics. Thus, attempting

  3. Order to Disorder Transitions in Hybrid Intelligent Systems: a Hatch to the Interactions of Nations -Governments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Owladeghaffari, Hamed

    2008-01-01

    In this study, under general frame of MAny Connected Intelligent Particles Systems (MACIPS), we reproduce two new simple subsets of such intelligent complex network, namely hybrid intelligent systems, involved a few prominent intelligent computing and approximate reasoning methods: self organizing feature map (SOM), Neuro-Fuzzy Inference System and Rough Set Theory (RST). Over this, we show how our algorithms can be construed as a linkage of government-society interaction, where government catches various fashions of behavior: solid (absolute) or flexible. So, transition of such society, by changing of connectivity parameters (noise) from order to disorder is inferred. Add to this, one may find an indirect mapping among finical systems and eventual market fluctuations with MACIPS.

  4. A Casebase of Intelligent Buildings for E-learning Systems 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Z.; Clements-Croome, D. J.; Ozkan, G.; Hong, J.; Xu, Z.

    2006-01-01

    This paper presents the conceptual description of a knowledge base for teaching and learning the programme of MSc Intelligent Buildings, which is being developed at the University of Reading and being developed into a global Master degree program...

  5. Sensor Driven Intelligent Control System For Plasma Processing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bell, G.; Campbell, V.B.

    1998-02-23

    This Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) between Innovative Computing Technologies, Inc. (IC Tech) and Martin Marietta Energy Systems (MMES) was undertaken to contribute to improved process control for microelectronic device fabrication. Process data from an amorphous silicon thin film deposition experiment was acquired to validate the performance of an intelligent, adaptive, neurally-inspired control software module designed to provide closed loop control of plasma processing machines used in the microelectronics industry. Data acquisition software was written using LabView The data was collected from an inductively coupled plasma (ICP) source, which was available for this project through LMES's RF/Microwave Technology Center. Experimental parameters measured were RF power, RF current and voltage on the antenna delivering power to the plasma, hydrogen and silane flow rate, chamber pressure, substrate temperature and H-alpha optical emission. Experimental results obtained were poly-crystallin silicon deposition rate, crystallinity, crystallographic orientation and electrical conductivity. Owing to experimental delays resulting from hardware failures, it was not possible to assemble a complete data for IC Tech use within the time and resource constraints of the CRADA. IC Tech was therefore not able to verify the performance of their existing models and control structures and validate model performance under this CRADA.

  6. Transport control in deterministic ratchet system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Woo-Sik Son; Jung-Wan Ryu; Dong-Uk Hwang; Soo-Young Lee; Young-Jai Park; Chil-Min Kim

    2006-12-17

    We study the control of transport properties in a deterministic inertia ratchet system via the extended delay feedback method. A chaotic current of a deterministic inertia ratchet system is controlled to a regular current by stabilizing unstable periodic orbits embedded in a chaotic attractor of the unperturbed system. By selecting an unstable periodic orbit, which has a desired transport property, and stabilizing it via the extended delay feedback method, we can control transport properties of the deterministic inertia ratchet system. Also, we show that the extended delay feedback method can be utilized for separation of particles in the deterministic inertia ratchet system as a particle's initial condition varies.

  7. P. J. Antsaklis, M. D. Lemmon and J. A. Stiver, "Learning to be Autonomous: Intelligent Supervisory Control," Technical Report of the ISIS (Interdisciplinary Studies of Intelligent Systems) Group, No. ISIS-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Antsaklis, Panos

    Control," Technical Report of the ISIS (Interdisciplinary Studies of Intelligent Systems) Group, No. ISIS," Technical Report of the ISIS (Interdisciplinary Studies of Intelligent Systems) Group, No. ISIS- 93 of the ISIS (Interdisciplinary Studies of Intelligent Systems) Group, No. ISIS- 93-003, Univ of Notre Dame

  8. P.J. Antsaklis, J.A. Stiver, X. Yang, C.J. Bett, and M.D. Lemmon , "Supervisory Hybrid Control Systems in Intelligent Control," Technical Report of the ISIS (Interdisciplinary Studies of Intelligent

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Antsaklis, Panos

    Systems in Intelligent Control," Technical Report of the ISIS (Interdisciplinary Studies of Intelligent Systems) Group, No. ISIS-95-008, Univ of Notre Dame, September 1995. #12;P.J. Antsaklis, J.A. Stiver, X," Technical Report of the ISIS (Interdisciplinary Studies of Intelligent Systems) Group, No. ISIS-95-008, Univ

  9. The systems engineering of a network-centric distributed intelligent system of systems for robust human behavior classifications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goshorn, Deborah Ellen

    2010-01-01

    plemented includes an intelligent sensor network, requiredto create an intelligent sensor, there is the ability ofwithin a single intelligent sensor. Choosing the underlying

  10. Coherent Structures and Larval Transport in the California Current System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harrison, Cheryl S.

    2012-01-01

    eddies; ocean transport; California Current 1. Introductionand larval transport in the California Current system CherylEkman transport and pumping in the California Current based

  11. Distributed mobile platforms and applications for intelligent transportation systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gao, Jason Hao

    2013-01-01

    Smartphones are pervasive, and possess powerful processors, multi-faceted sensing, and multiple radios. However, networked mobile apps still typically use a client-server programming model, sending all shared data queries ...

  12. INTELLIGENT ENGINEERING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ernst, Damien

    CPSPP'97 ­ IFAC/CIGRE SYMPOSIUM ON CONTROL OF POWER SYSTEMS AND POWER PLANTS TUTORIAL COURSE ON INTELLIGENT SYSTEMS AND THEIR POWER ENGINEERING APPLICATIONS AUTOMATIC LEARNING APPLICATIONS TO DSA Learning.6 Examples : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 32 5.6.1 Hydro

  13. Computational Issues in Intelligent Control: Discrete-Event and Hybrid Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koutsoukos, Xenofon D.

    Computational Issues in Intelligent Control: Discrete-Event and Hybrid Systems Xenofon D discrete event and hybrid systems. Computational issues of various problems and al- gorithms concerning to address the control needs of complex systems that exhibit complicated dynamical behaviors. The design

  14. INTELLIGENT PERFORMANCE CHECK OF PV SYSTEM OPERATION BASED ON SATELLITE DATA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heinemann, Detlev

    INTELLIGENT PERFORMANCE CHECK OF PV SYSTEM OPERATION BASED ON SATELLITE DATA A. Drews* , J. Betcke of a fully automated service for performance check and error detection for photovoltaic (PV) systems by daily surveillance. Malfunctions of a grid-connected PV system, e.g. drop out of single module strings

  15. Control and Intelligent Systems, Vol. 41, No. 3, 2013 VARIANT FACTOR TECHNIQUE FOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benmei, Chen

    Control and Intelligent Systems, Vol. 41, No. 3, 2013 VARIANT FACTOR TECHNIQUE FOR TRACKING CONTROL nonlinear feedback (CNF) technique to design a control law for the converted linear system with the input. With the VF control law, the system output can asymptotically track the step reference and the resulting

  16. An Intelligent Multi Agent System for Integrated Control & Asset Management of Petroleum Production Facilities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, James H.

    An Intelligent Multi Agent System for Integrated Control & Asset Management of Petroleum Production several milestones. The conceptual model of an automated asset management system, its architecture and validated [31]. This paper builds on the previous work and proposes a general structure of the ICAM system

  17. Power system fault analysis based on intelligent techniques and intelligent electronic device data 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luo, Xu

    2007-09-17

    This dissertation has focused on automated power system fault analysis. New contributions to fault section estimation, protection system performance evaluation and power system/protection system interactive simulation have ...

  18. Intelligent Control of A Water Recovery System: Three years in the Pete Bonasso, David Kortenkamp and Carroll Thronesbery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kortenkamp, David

    Intelligent Control of A Water Recovery System: Three years in the Trenches Pete Bonasso, David under test was known as the integrated water recovery system (iWRS). We used the 3T intelligent control among four water processing subsystems. The control system would run 24/7 and be completely autonomous

  19. A DISTRIBUTED INTELLIGENT AUTOMATED DEMAND RESPONSE BUILDING MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Auslander, David; Culler, David; Wright, Paul; Lu, Yan; Piette, Mary

    2013-12-30

    The goal of the 2.5 year Distributed Intelligent Automated Demand Response (DIADR) project was to reduce peak electricity load of Sutardja Dai Hall at UC Berkeley by 30% while maintaining a healthy, comfortable, and productive environment for the occupants. We sought to bring together both central and distributed control to provide “deep” demand response1 at the appliance level of the building as well as typical lighting and HVAC applications. This project brought together Siemens Corporate Research and Siemens Building Technology (the building has a Siemens Apogee Building Automation System (BAS)), Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (leveraging their Open Automated Demand Response (openADR), Auto-­Demand Response, and building modeling expertise), and UC Berkeley (related demand response research including distributed wireless control, and grid-­to-­building gateway development). Sutardja Dai Hall houses the Center for Information Technology Research in the Interest of Society (CITRIS), which fosters collaboration among industry and faculty and students of four UC campuses (Berkeley, Davis, Merced, and Santa Cruz). The 141,000 square foot building, occupied in 2009, includes typical office spaces and a nanofabrication laboratory. Heating is provided by a district heating system (steam from campus as a byproduct of the campus cogeneration plant); cooling is provided by one of two chillers: a more typical electric centrifugal compressor chiller designed for the cool months (Nov-­ March) and a steam absorption chiller for use in the warm months (April-­October). Lighting in the open office areas is provided by direct-­indirect luminaries with Building Management System-­based scheduling for open areas, and occupancy sensors for private office areas. For the purposes of this project, we focused on the office portion of the building. Annual energy consumption is approximately 8053 MWh; the office portion is estimated as 1924 MWh. The maximum peak load during the study period was 1175 kW. Several new tools facilitated this work, such as the Smart Energy Box, the distributed load controller or Energy Information Gateway, the web-­based DR controller (dubbed the Central Load-­Shed Coordinator or CLSC), and the Demand Response Capacity Assessment & Operation Assistance Tool (DRCAOT). In addition, an innovative data aggregator called sMAP (simple Measurement and Actuation Profile) allowed data from different sources collected in a compact form and facilitated detailed analysis of the building systems operation. A smart phone application (RAP or Rapid Audit Protocol) facilitated an inventory of the building’s plug loads. Carbon dioxide sensors located in conference rooms and classrooms allowed demand controlled ventilation. The extensive submetering and nimble access to this data provided great insight into the details of the building operation as well as quick diagnostics and analyses of tests. For example, students discovered a short-­cycling chiller, a stuck damper, and a leaking cooling coil in the first field tests. For our final field tests, we were able to see how each zone was affected by the DR strategies (e.g., the offices on the 7th floor grew very warm quickly) and fine-­tune the strategies accordingly.

  20. A KNOWLEDGE BASED SYSTEM FOR PROVIDING INTELLIGENT ACCESS TO A PETROLEUM USER DATABASE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosenberg, Steven

    2011-01-01

    INTELLIGENT ACCESS TO A PETROLEUM USER DATABASE StevenINTELLIGENT ACCESS TO A PETROLEUM USER DATABASE StevenINTELLIGENT ACCESS TO A PETROLEUM USER DATABASE Steven

  1. Special Session Title: Intelligent Vehicle Systems Special session objectives and topics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, Yi

    /adaption in recognition and perception · Robotic vehicles and driverless cars · Route guidance systems · Smart sensors to provide a host of intelligent devices in cars that can be used in airbag control, unwelcome intrusion systems, which in turn, offer the potential for significant enhancements in driving safety, operational

  2. Intelligent Residential Air-Conditioning System with Smart-Grid Functionality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tesfatsion, Leigh

    1 Intelligent Residential Air-Conditioning System with Smart-Grid Functionality Auswin George residential air-conditioning (A/C) system controller that has smart grid functionality. The qualifier, conditional on anticipated retail energy prices. The term "smart- grid functionality" means that retail energy

  3. CHINESE INPUT SYSTEM WITH ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE Cemputer-Aided Instruction Laboratories, Institute of Educat-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CHINESE INPUT SYSTEM WITH ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE Fang Qian Cemputer-Aided Instruction Laboratories of Chinese Language Processing Systems commercially available around the world, of which the main divergence is probably in the input approaches of Chinese characters. But due to the following two facts none

  4. Systems for home automation are a necessary component for intelligent smart homes applications.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dobson, Simon

    developers in the process of building applications for the smart home, providing them with informationAbstract Systems for home automation are a necessary component for intelligent smart homes. Introduction Whilst a number of automation systems for smart homes are available commercially, their use

  5. Towards Embedded Wireless-Networked Intelligent Daylighting Systems for Commercial Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agogino, Alice M.

    Towards Embedded Wireless-Networked Intelligent Daylighting Systems for Commercial Buildings Yao, daylighting systems are not widely used in the commercial office building. Barriers prohibiting adoption) `Smart Dust motes' wireless platforms is explored. Due to their small size, they can be placed directly

  6. Fire and materials modeling for transportation systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Skocypec, R.D.; Gritzo, L.A.; Moya, J.L.; Nicolette, V.F.; Tieszen, S.R.; Thomas, R.

    1994-10-01

    Fire is an important threat to the safety of transportation systems. Therefore, understanding the effects of fire (and its interaction with materials) on transportation systems is crucial to quantifying and mitigating the impact of fire on the safety of those systems. Research and development directed toward improving the fire safety of transportation systems must address a broad range of phenomena and technologies, including: crash dynamics, fuel dispersion, fire environment characterization, material characterization, and system/cargo thermal response modeling. In addition, if the goal of the work is an assessment and/or reduction of risk due to fires, probabilistic risk assessment technology is also required. The research currently underway at Sandia National Laboratories in each of these areas is summarized in this paper.

  7. Not planning a sustainable transport system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Finnveden, Göran Åkerman, Jonas

    2014-04-01

    The overall objective of the Swedish transport policy is to ensure the economically efficient and sustainable provision of transport services for people and business throughout the country. More specifically, the transport sector shall, among other things, contribute to the achievement of environmental quality objectives in which the development of the transport system plays an important role in the achievement of the objectives. The aim of this study is to analyse if current transport planning supports this policy. This is done by analysing two recent cases: the National Infrastructure Plan 2010–2021, and the planning of Bypass Stockholm, a major road investment. Our results show that the plans are in conflict with several of the environmental quality objectives. Another interesting aspect of the planning processes is that the long-term climate goals are not included in the planning processes, neither as a clear goal nor as factor that will influence future transport systems. In this way, the long-term sustainability aspects are not present in the planning. We conclude that the two cases do not contribute to a sustainable transport system. Thus, several changes must be made in the processes, including putting up clear targets for emissions. Also, the methodology for the environmental assessments needs to be further developed and discussed. - Highlights: • Two cases are studied to analyse if current planning supports a sustainable transport system. • Results show that the plans are in conflict with several of the environmental quality objectives. • Long-term climate goals are not included in the planning processes. • Current practices do not contribute to a sustainable planning processes. • Methodology and process for environmental assessments must be further developed and discussed.

  8. Engineering Applications of Artificial Intelligence 16 (2003) 237250 Hierarchical decision making for proactive quality control: system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Yinlun

    2003-01-01

    Engineering Applications of Artificial Intelligence 16 (2003) 237­250 Hierarchical decision making by resorting to artificial intelligence and engineering fundamentals. The approach is developed for solving control; Intelligent decision support; Artificial intelligence; Fuzzy logic; Automotive coating 1

  9. Alternative battery systems for transportation uses

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michael Thackeray

    2012-07-25

    Argonne Distinguished Fellow Michael Thackeray highlights the need for alternative battery systems for transportation uses. Such systems will not only need to be smaller, lighter and more energy dense, but also able to make electric vehicles more competitive with internal combustion engine vehicles.

  10. Alternative battery systems for transportation uses

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Michael Thackeray

    2013-06-05

    Argonne Distinguished Fellow Michael Thackeray highlights the need for alternative battery systems for transportation uses. Such systems will not only need to be smaller, lighter and more energy dense, but also able to make electric vehicles more competitive with internal combustion engine vehicles.

  11. Visitor perceptions of alternative transportation systems and intelligent transportation systems in national parks 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dilworth, Virginia Ann

    2004-09-30

    ; Smith & Biddle, 1999), and the influence of past behavior on intention (Hagger, Chatzisarantis, & Biddle, 2001). Mummery and Wankel (1999) also found support for TPB in a study that analyzed training behavior in adolescent competitive swimmers...

  12. Intelligent system design with fixed-base simulation validation for general aviation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rong, Jie; Ding, Yuanyuan; Valasek, J.; Painter, John H.

    2003-10-05

    agents, as illustrated in Fig. 5. The primary data fusion techniques used to develop the Assistant are Artificial Intelligence methods, including rule-based expert systems, fuzzy logic, and artificial neural network: I I Aircraft I Approach... Expert System The General Aviation Pilot Advisory Training System (GAPATS) is a computerized airbome expert system, which infers the flight mode of an aircraft from sensed flight parameters using fuzzy logic methods. The pilot?s flying performance...

  13. System design and dynamic signature identification for intelligent energy management in residential buildings.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jang, Jaehwi

    2008-01-01

    for Intelligent Energy Management in Residential Buildingsfor Intelligent Energy Management in Residential Buildingsthat can provide autonomous energy management to residential

  14. In Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Industrial and Engineering Applications of Artificial Intelligence and Expert Systems (IEA/AIE94)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuipers, Benjamin

    of Artificial Intelligence and Expert Systems (IEA/AIE­94) Langhorne, PA: Gordon and Breech Science Publishers

  15. Integrated Transportation System Design Optimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (2001) S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology (2003) Submitted to the Department of Aeronautics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics January 29, 2007 Certified by. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Olivier L. de Weck Associate Professor of Aeronautics and Astronautics & Engineering Systems Thesis

  16. UW -Center for Intelligent Materials and Systems Electro-active Polymers and Their Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taya, Minoru

    for EAP Actuators ·Future works Conducting polymer: polyaniline(PANI) fiber, polypyrrole(PPy) film and carbon nanotube actuator #12;UW - Center for Intelligent Materials and Systems Polyvinyl alcohol (PVA film Au sheet Glass substrate Plastic filmGel Au sheets (a) Schematic diagram (b) Top view of coated

  17. A HYBRID INTELLIGENT SYSTEM FOR FORMULATION OF BCS CLASS II DRUGS IN HARD GELATIN CAPSULES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peng, Yun

    A HYBRID INTELLIGENT SYSTEM FOR FORMULATION OF BCS CLASS II DRUGS IN HARD GELATIN CAPSULES Gunjan in hard gelatin cap- sules. Several significant challenges are involved in drug- formulation: the active of drug formulations for hard gelatin capsules can present significant challenges [4]. Some

  18. Ris Energy Report 8 The intelligent energy system infrastructure for the future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Risø Energy Report 8 The intelligent energy system infrastructure for the future Risø-R-1695(EN) September 2009 Edited by Hans Larsen and Leif Sønderberg Petersen #12;Risø Energy Report 8 Edited by Hans Larsen and Leif Sønderberg Petersen, Risø National Laboratory for Sustainable Energy Technical University

  19. IEEE Intelligent Systems", 2000, vol. 15, nr. 6, pgs. 6972 FAQs on OIL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Harmelen, Frank

    IEEE Intelligent Systems", 2000, vol. 15, nr. 6, pgs. 6972 FAQs on OIL: the Ontology Inference is OIL trying to achieve The current Web is entirely aimed at human readers. Machines are oblivious. OIL is designed to be exactly such a representation of machineaccessible semantics of information

  20. Intelligent Building Energy Information and Control Systems for Low-Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for about 70 percent of electricity use. To address energy security issues and environmental concerns&R International, 2011). To address energy security and environmental concerns there is an urgent needLBNL-5894E Intelligent Building Energy Information and Control Systems for Low-Energy Operations

  1. Inside the Java Intelligent Tutoring System Prototype: Parsing Student Code Submissions with Intent Recognition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franek, Frantisek

    Inside the Java Intelligent Tutoring System Prototype: Parsing Student Code Submissions with Intent., Hamilton, Ont., Canada, L8S 4L8 +1 (905) 525-9140 Ext. 23233 franek@mcmaster.ca ABSTRACT The "Java for students in their first programming course in JavaTM at the College and University level. This paper

  2. CIMSA 2005 IEEE International Conference on Computational Intelligence for Measurement Systems and Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    CIMSA 2005 ­ IEEE International Conference on Computational Intelligence for Measurement Systems and Applications Giardini Naxos, Italy, 20-22 July 2005 A Soft Computing-Based Method for the Identification practices identification and analysis based on soft computing techniques. Using this new methodology "best

  3. Case-Based Reasoning in a System Architecture for Intelligent Fish Farming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aamodt, Agnar

    Case-Based Reasoning in a System Architecture for Intelligent Fish Farming Axel TIDEMANN a , Finn Abstract. Fish farmers manage assets of considerable value on a daily basis. Many aspects of the daily known informally by the fish farmers themselves, through years of experience. Companies that can store

  4. IEEE Int. Conf. on Intelligent Robots and Systems 1999. Visibility Based Probabilistic Roadmaps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cortés, Juan

    IEEE Int. Conf. on Intelligent Robots and Systems 1999. Visibility Based Probabilistic Roadmaps C fnissoux,nic,jplg@laas.fr Abstract This paper presents a variant of probabilistic roadmap algorithms of the configuration space into visibility domains in order to produce small roadmaps. The algorithm has been

  5. Artificial Intelligence in BiomedicalArtificial Intelligence in Biomedical InformaticsInformatics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reed, Nancy E.

    ICS 313 1 Artificial Intelligence in BiomedicalArtificial Intelligence in Biomedical Informatics Systems Outline and Objectives Describe basic concepts in artificial intelligence Understand is Artificial Intelligence (AI)? Goals of AI systems fall into four categories: Thinking humanly Thinking

  6. A user-flocksourced bus intelligence system for Dhaka

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ching, Albert M. L. (Albert Man Loon)

    2012-01-01

    Flocksourcing, or guided crowdsourcing, is an experimental data collection technique where users become the sensors to generate a large amount of information that improves a public service like public transport. In an ideal ...

  7. Integrated Transportation System Design Optimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Weck, Olivier L.

    (2001) S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology (2003) Submitted to the Department of Aeronautics of Aeronautics and Astronautics & Engineering Systems Thesis Supervisor Certified by.............. .-,-. ,c, ............................ Karen Willcox As PePreý\\f Aeronautics and Astronautics ·8C onmmittee ThlPmhe r Certified b S " Jeffrey A

  8. Electricity for road transport, flexible power systems and wind...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Electricity for road transport, flexible power systems and wind power (Smart Grid Project) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name Electricity for road transport, flexible power...

  9. Ion transport membrane module and vessel system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Stein, VanEric Edward (Allentown, PA); Carolan, Michael Francis (Allentown, PA); Chen, Christopher M. (Allentown, PA); Armstrong, Phillip Andrew (Orefield, PA); Wahle, Harold W. (North Canton, OH); Ohrn, Theodore R. (Alliance, OH); Kneidel, Kurt E. (Alliance, OH); Rackers, Keith Gerard (Louisville, OH); Blake, James Erik (Uniontown, OH); Nataraj, Shankar (Allentown, PA); van Doorn, Rene Hendrik Elias (Obersulm-Willsbach, DE); Wilson, Merrill Anderson (West Jordan, UT)

    2008-02-26

    An ion transport membrane system comprising (a) a pressure vessel having an interior, an exterior, an inlet, and an outlet; (b) a plurality of planar ion transport membrane modules disposed in the interior of the pressure vessel and arranged in series, each membrane module comprising mixed metal oxide ceramic material and having an interior region and an exterior region, wherein any inlet and any outlet of the pressure vessel are in flow communication with exterior regions of the membrane modules; and (c) one or more gas manifolds in flow communication with interior regions of the membrane modules and with the exterior of the pressure vessel.The ion transport membrane system may be utilized in a gas separation device to recover oxygen from an oxygen-containing gas or as an oxidation reactor to oxidize compounds in a feed gas stream by oxygen permeated through the mixed metal oxide ceramic material of the membrane modules.

  10. Ion transport membrane module and vessel system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Stein, VanEric Edward; Carolan, Michael Francis; Chen, Christopher M.; Armstrong, Phillip Andrew; Wahle, Harold W.; Ohrn, Theodore R.; Kneidel, Kurt E.; Rackers, Keith Gerard; Blake, James Erik; Nataraj, Shankar; van Doorn, Rene Hendrik Elias; Wilson, Merrill Anderson

    2007-02-20

    An ion transport membrane system comprising (a) a pressure vessel having an interior, an exterior, an inlet, and an outlet; (b) a plurality of planar ion transport membrane modules disposed in the interior of the pressure vessel and arranged in series, each membrane module comprising mixed metal oxide ceramic material and having an interior region and an exterior region, wherein any inlet and any outlet of the pressure vessel are in flow communication with exterior regions of the membrane modules; and (c) one or more gas manifolds in flow communication with interior regions of the membrane modules and with the exterior of the pressure vessel. The ion transport membrane system may be utilized in a gas separation device to recover oxygen from an oxygen-containing gas or as an oxidation reactor to oxidize compounds in a feed gas stream by oxygen permeated through the mixed metal oxide ceramic material of the membrane modules.

  11. Ion transport membrane module and vessel system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Stein, VanEric Edward (Allentown, PA); Carolan, Michael Francis (Allentown, PA); Chen, Christopher M. (Allentown, PA); Armstrong, Phillip Andrew (Orefield, PA); Wahle, Harold W. (North Canton, OH); Ohrn, Theodore R. (Alliance, OH); Kneidel, Kurt E. (Alliance, OH); Rackers, Keith Gerard (Louisville, OH); Blake, James Erik (Uniontown, OH); Nataraj, Shankar (Allentown, PA); Van Doorn, Rene Hendrik Elias (Obersulm-Willsbach, DE); Wilson, Merrill Anderson (West Jordan, UT)

    2012-02-14

    An ion transport membrane system comprising (a) a pressure vessel having an interior, an exterior, an inlet, and an outlet; (b) a plurality of planar ion transport membrane modules disposed in the interior of the pressure vessel and arranged in series, each membrane module comprising mixed metal oxide ceramic material and having an interior region and an exterior region, wherein any inlet and any outlet of the pressure vessel are in flow communication with exterior regions of the membrane modules; and (c) one or more gas manifolds in flow communication with interior regions of the membrane modules and with the exterior of the pressure vessel. The ion transport membrane system may be utilized in a gas separation device to recover oxygen from an oxygen-containing gas or as an oxidation reactor to oxidize compounds in a feed gas stream by oxygen permeated through the mixed metal oxide ceramic material of the membrane modules.

  12. Heat transport system, method and material

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Musinski, Donald L. (Saline, MI)

    1987-01-01

    A heat transport system, method and composite material in which a plurality of hollow spherical shells or microspheres having an outside diameter of less than or equal to 500 microns are encapsulated or embedded within a bulk material. Each shell has captured therein a volatile working fluid, such that each shell operates as a microsized heat pipe for conducting heat through the composite structure.

  13. Data Driven Analysis in Transportation Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shahabi, Cyrus

    lines indicate where measures by TTI equal measures by IMSC. Total number of data points in each table1 Data Driven Analysis in Transportation Systems http://imsc.usc.edu/ Ugur Demiryurek, Ph studies #12;5 Rethinking Congestion · The reports are static (quarterly) · Corridors have very different

  14. An Artificial Intelligence system to help the player of Real-Time Strategy games Renato L. de Freitas Cunha Luiz Chaimowicz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chaimowicz, Luiz

    An Artificial Intelligence system to help the player of Real-Time Strategy games Renato L. de propose and develop an Artificial Intelligence (AI) system that helps the player during the game, giving. Keywords:: Real-time Strategy, Artificial Intelligence Author's Contact: renato@renatocunha.com chaimo

  15. Transport coefficients in non-quasiparticle systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Jakovac

    2011-01-11

    Transport coefficeints, in particular the shear viscosity to entropy density ratio is studied in systems where the small-width quasiparticle assumption is not valid. It is found that $\\eta/s$ has no unversal lower bound, the minimal value depends on the system and the temperature, and can be even zero. We construct models where the $1/4\\pi$ conjectured bound is violated.

  16. Liners for ion transport membrane systems

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Carolan, Michael Francis (Allentown, PA); Miller, Christopher Francis (Macungie, PA)

    2010-08-10

    Ion transport membrane system comprising (a) a pressure vessel comprising an interior, an exterior, an inlet, an inlet conduit, an outlet, and an outlet conduit; (b) a plurality of planar ion transport membrane modules disposed in the interior of the pressure vessel and arranged in series, each membrane module comprising mixed metal oxide ceramic material and having an interior region and an exterior region, wherein the inlet and the outlet of the pressure vessel are in flow communication with exterior regions of the membrane modules; (c) a gas manifold having an interior surface wherein the gas manifold is in flow communication with the interior region of each of the planar ion transport membrane modules and with the exterior of the pressure vessel; and (d) a liner disposed within any of the inlet conduit, the outlet conduit, and the interior surface of the gas manifold.

  17. Marketing Intelligent Systems for consumer behaviour modelling by a descriptive induction approach based on Genetic Fuzzy Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casillas Barranquero, Jorge

    Marketing Intelligent Systems for consumer behaviour modelling by a descriptive induction approach of Marketing, Business Faculty, University of Granada, Granada, E-18071, Spain b Department of Computer Science this paper discusses why marketing professionals do not make satisfactory use of the marketing models posed

  18. Heat transport system, method and material

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Musinski, D.L.

    1987-04-28

    A heat transport system, method and composite material are disclosed in which a plurality of hollow spherical shells or microspheres having an outside diameter of less than or equal to 500 microns are encapsulated or embedded within a bulk material. Each shell has captured therein a volatile working fluid, such that each shell operates as a microsized heat pipe for conducting heat through the composite structure. 1 fig.

  19. Proceedings of the Workshop on software tools for distributed intelligent control systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Herget, C.J. (ed.)

    1990-09-01

    The Workshop on Software Tools for Distributed Intelligent Control Systems was organized by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory for the United States Army Headquarters Training and Doctrine Command and the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency. The goals of the workshop were to the identify the current state of the art in tools which support control systems engineering design and implementation, identify research issues associated with writing software tools which would provide a design environment to assist engineers in multidisciplinary control design and implementation, formulate a potential investment strategy to resolve the research issues and develop public domain code which can form the core of more powerful engineering design tools, and recommend test cases to focus the software development process and test associated performance metrics. Recognizing that the development of software tools for distributed intelligent control systems will require a multidisciplinary effort, experts in systems engineering, control systems engineering, and compute science were invited to participate in the workshop. In particular, experts who could address the following topics were selected: operating systems, engineering data representation and manipulation, emerging standards for manufacturing data, mathematical foundations, coupling of symbolic and numerical computation, user interface, system identification, system representation at different levels of abstraction, system specification, system design, verification and validation, automatic code generation, and integration of modular, reusable code.

  20. International Journal of Intelligent Systems Volume 21, Issue 12, 2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michalski, Ryszard S.

    Mason University Fairfax, VA, 22030 *Also with the Institute of Computer Science, Polish Academy, specialized for the optimization of evaporators and condensers in cooling systems, respectively. The designs

  1. myCopter Enabling Technologies for Personal Aerial Transportation Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fua, Pascal

    Transport System PAV Personal Aerial Vehicle PPL Private pilot license UAV Unmanned Aerial Vehicle 1 towards a Personal Aerial Transportation System, in which vehicles would also have vertical spaceCopter project aims to provide a basis for a transportation system based on Per- sonal Aerial Vehicles

  2. Transportation Services Fueling Operation Transportation Services has installed a software system that will facilitate fueling of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Transportation Services Fueling Operation Transportation Services has installed a software system that will facilitate fueling of vehicles. Operational changes are being made to facilitate the transition into this system. All University vehicles that wish to fuel at UH M noa Transportation Services will be required

  3. Intelligent Diagnosis Systems Karthik Balakrishnan & Vasant Honavar 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Honavar, Vasant

    , prospecting, seismic studies, etc. Despite the great variety of approaches and technologies used in the design) to Vasant Honavar. #12; Abstract This paper examines and compares several different approaches to the design classification systems. Each of these approaches is demonstrated through the design of a system for a simple

  4. An Intelligent System For Effective Forest Fire Detection Using Spatial Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Angayarkkani, K

    2010-01-01

    The explosive growth of spatial data and extensive utilization of spatial databases emphasize the necessity for the automated discovery of spatial knowledge. In modern times, spatial data mining has emerged as an area of voluminous research. Forest fires are a chief environmental concern, causing economical and ecological damage while endangering human lives across the world. The fast or early detection of forest fires is a vital element for controlling such phenomenon. The application of remote sensing is at present a significant method for forest fires monitoring, particularly in vast and remote areas. Different methods have been presented by researchers for forest fire detection. The motivation behind this research is to obtain beneficial information from images in the forest spatial data and use the same in the determination of regions at the risk of fires by utilizing Image Processing and Artificial Intelligence techniques. This paper presents an intelligent system to detect the presence of forest fires ...

  5. Intelligent User Interfaces for Expert System Applications in Power Plants 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frogner, B.

    1989-01-01

    the end-user with all the capabilities still available. An expert system for diagnosis of heat rate degradation in power plants is discussed to illustrate the utility of the approach....

  6. An Industrial Network Flow Information Integration Model for Supply Chain Management and Intelligent Transportation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hsu, Cheng

    using digital connection is proposed to the field of industrial network flow control for application in a way comparable to an adaptive control panel administering an automated material handling system-factory network flows, such as material handling systems, the field of inter-factory network flow control lacks

  7. The design of a traffic control system with distributed intelligence 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tietjen, Donald Louis

    1973-01-01

    the transition from one synchro- n1zat1on scheme to another on the basis of measurements of traffic This thesis fo11 s th ty1 d f t f th ~oot di ~ s of th Istitt ofEIeti I dEI t I ~Ei ~ Ts. at some key points in an arterial network (2). Instead of a traffic.... Mew Time Address RON( ARO~' I ARO"I 2 To Off- line memory From "11nl- comnuter From 0n-line "emory Instruction Register 'Jext Time Address To Lights &i gure S. Two-'1emory System 18 The main limitation of this system design is the cost...

  8. A Data and Knowledge Management System for Intelligent Buildings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hong, J.; Chen, Z.; Li, H.; Xu, Q.

    2006-01-01

    into three main stages: design, construction, and utilization. The concept is then developed to an integrated model for web-based information supply and sharing, and some key points of the construction of an information platform and a knowledge system portal...

  9. Control of chaotic transport in Hamiltonian systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guido Ciraolo; Cristel Chandre; Ricardo Lima; Michel Vittot; Marco Pettini; Charles Figarella; Philippe Ghendrih

    2003-06-24

    It is shown that a relevant control of Hamiltonian chaos is possible through suitable small perturbations whose form can be explicitly computed. In particular, it is possible to control (reduce) the chaotic diffusion in the phase space of a Hamiltonian system with 1.5 degrees of freedom which models the diffusion of charged test particles in a ``turbulent'' electric field across the confining magnetic field in controlled thermonuclear fusion devices. Though still far from practical applications, this result suggests that some strategy to control turbulent transport in magnetized plasmas, in particular tokamaks, is conceivable.

  10. Integrated Hydrogen and Intelligent Transportation Systems Evaluation for the California Department of Transportation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lipman, Timothy; Shaheen, Susan

    2005-01-01

    gas (LNG), 85 percent ethanol (E85), electric, biodiesel,vehicle E85 = a fuel blend containing 85 percent ethanol

  11. Ground facilities for a VTOL intercity air transportation system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allen Edward

    1970-01-01

    Introduction: This study covers the design of ground facilities, or metroports, for a future form of short haul intercity air transportation, the VTOL Airbus system as described by previous M.I.T. Flight Transportation ...

  12. Innovative technology summary report: Transportable vitrification system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-09-01

    At the end of the cold war, many of the Department of Energy`s (DOE`s) major nuclear weapons facilities refocused their efforts on finding technically sound, economic, regulatory compliant, and stakeholder acceptable treatment solutions for the legacy of mixed wastes they had produced. In particular, an advanced stabilization process that could effectively treat the large volumes of settling pond and treatment sludges was needed. Based on this need, DOE and its contractors initiated in 1993 the EM-50 sponsored development effort required to produce a deployable mixed waste vitrification system. As a consequence, the Transportable Vitrification System (TVS) effort was undertaken with the primary requirement to develop and demonstrate the technology and associated facility to effectively vitrify, for compliant disposal, the applicable mixed waste sludges and solids across the various DOE complex sites. After 4 years of development testing with both crucible and pilot-scale melters, the TVS facility was constructed by Envitco, evaluated and demonstrated with surrogates, and then successfully transported to the ORNL ETTP site and demonstrated with actual mixed wastes in the fall of 1997. This paper describes the technology, its performance, the technology applicability and alternatives, cost, regulatory and policy issues, and lessons learned.

  13. Intelligent Unmanned Vehicle Systems Suitable For Individual or Cooperative Missions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Matthew O. Anderson; Mark D. McKay; Derek C. Wadsworth

    2007-04-01

    The Department of Energy’s Idaho National Laboratory (INL) has been researching autonomous unmanned vehicle systems for the past several years. Areas of research have included unmanned ground and aerial vehicles used for hazardous and remote operations as well as teamed together for advanced payloads and mission execution. Areas of application include aerial particulate sampling, cooperative remote radiological sampling, and persistent surveillance including real-time mosaic and geo-referenced imagery in addition to high resolution still imagery. Both fixed-wing and rotary airframes are used possessing capabilities spanning remote control to fully autonomous operation. Patented INL-developed auto steering technology is taken advantage of to provide autonomous parallel path swathing with either manned or unmanned ground vehicles. Aerial look-ahead imagery is utilized to provide a common operating picture for the ground and air vehicle during cooperative missions. This paper will discuss the various robotic vehicles, including sensor integration, used to achieve these missions and anticipated cost and labor savings.

  14. Road Transportable Analytical Laboratory system. Phase 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Finger, S.M.; Keith, V.F.; Spertzel, R.O.; De Avila, J.C.; O`Donnell, M.; Vann, R.L.

    1993-09-01

    This developmental effort clearly shows that a Road Transportable Analytical Laboratory System is a worthwhile and achievable goal. The RTAL is designed to fully analyze (radioanalytes, and organic and inorganic chemical analytes) 20 samples per day at the highest levels of quality assurance and quality control. It dramatically reduces the turnaround time for environmental sample analysis from 45 days (at a central commercial laboratory) to 1 day. At the same time each RTAL system will save the DOE over $12 million per year in sample analysis costs compared to the costs at a central commercial laboratory. If RTAL systems were used at the eight largest DOE facilities (at Hanford, Savannah River, Fernald, Oak Ridge, Idaho, Rocky Flats, Los Alamos, and the Nevada Test Site), the annual savings would be $96,589,000. The DOE`s internal study of sample analysis needs projects 130,000 environmental samples requiring analysis in FY 1994, clearly supporting the need for the RTAL system. The cost and time savings achievable with the RTAL system will accelerate and improve the efficiency of cleanup and remediation operations throughout the DOE complex.

  15. Convective heat transport in geothermal systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lippmann, M.J.; Bodvarsson, G.S.

    1986-08-01

    Most geothermal systems under exploitation for direct use or electrical power production are of the hydrothermal type, where heat is transferred essentially by convection in the reservoir, conduction being secondary. In geothermal systems, buoyancy effects are generally important, but often the fluid and heat flow patterns are largely controlled by geologic features (e.g., faults, fractures, continuity of layers) and location of recharge and discharge zones. During exploitation, these flow patterns can drastically change in response to pressure and temperature declines, and changes in recharge/discharge patterns. Convective circulation models of several geothermal systems, before and after start of fluid production, are described, with emphasis on different characteristics of the systems and the effects of exploitation on their evolution. Convective heat transport in geothermal fields is discussed, taking into consideration (1) major geologic features; (2) temperature-dependent rock and fluid properties; (3) fracture- versus porous-medium characteristics; (4) single- versus two-phase reservoir systems; and (5) the presence of noncondensible gases.

  16. Journal of Intelligent Information Systems, X, 275298 (X) c X Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston. Manufactured in The Netherlands.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Journal of Intelligent Information Systems, X, 275­298 (X) c X Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston,babin}@ift.ulaval.ca,yvan.bedard@scg.ulaval.ca Interoperability Group, Information System Technology Section, Defence Research Establishment Valcartier, Val. Such an environment is developed for the purpose of making cooperative interac- tions between several systems

  17. Journal of Intelligent Information Systems, 14, 527, 2000. c 2000 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in The Netherlands.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zilberstein, Shlomo

    Journal of Intelligent Information Systems, 14, 5­27, 2000. c 2000 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in The Netherlands. A Value-Driven System for Autonomous Information Gathering JOSHUA GRASS jgrass, MA 01003, USA Abstract. This paper presents a system for autonomous information gathering

  18. CMRR Report Number 21 Summer 2003 CMRR's Project on Intelligent Disk Drive Storage Systems ("iStor") and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siegel, Paul H.

    CMRR Report Number 21 Summer 2003 CMRR's Project on Intelligent Disk Drive Storage Systems ("i disk drive storage systems ("iStor") is sponsored by the Sloan Foundation Information Storage Industry offer benefits in storage system performance and to user application programs. A recent IEEE Spectrum

  19. Intelligent Low-level RF System by Non-destructive Beam Monitoring Device for Cyclotrons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malafeh, M S Sharifi Asadi; Afarideh, H; Chai, J S

    2015-01-01

    The project of a10MeV PET cyclotron accelerator for medical diagnosis and treatment was started at Amirkabir University of Technology in 2012. The low-level RF system of cyclotron accelerator is designed to stabilize acceleration voltage and control the resonance frequency of the cavity. In this work Intelligent Low Level Radio Frequency Circuit or ILLRF suitable for Most of the AVF cyclotron accelerators was designed by the beam monitoring device and narrow band tunable band-pass filter. In this design, for the RF phase detection does not need to signal processing by microcontroller

  20. Artificial Intelligence Intelligent Agents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Voris, Jonathan

    CS W4701 Artificial Intelligence Fall 2013 Chapter 2: Intelligent Agents Jonathan Voris (based, Environment, Actuators, Sensors) · Environment types · Agent types #12;Agents · An agent is anything that can be viewed as perceiving its environment through sensors and acting upon that environment through actuators

  1. Fuel cell system for transportation applications

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kumar, Romesh (Naperville, IL); Ahmed, Shabbir (Evanston, IL); Krumpelt, Michael (Naperville, IL); Myles, Kevin M. (Downers Grove, IL)

    1993-01-01

    A propulsion system for a vehicle having pairs of front and rear wheels and a fuel tank. An electrically driven motor having an output shaft operatively connected to at least one of said pair of wheels is connected to a fuel cell having a positive electrode and a negative electrode separated by an electrolyte for producing dc power to operate the motor. A partial oxidation reformer is connected both to the fuel tank and to the fuel cell receives hydrogen-containing fuel from the fuel tank and water and air and for partially oxidizing and reforming the fuel with water and air in the presence of an oxidizing catalyst and a reforming catalyst to produce a hydrogen-containing gas. The hydrogen-containing gas is sent from the partial oxidation reformer to the fuel cell negative electrode while air is transported to the fuel cell positive electrode to produce dc power for operating the electric motor.

  2. Fuel cell system for transportation applications

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kumar, R.; Ahmed, S.; Krumpelt, M.; Myles, K.M.

    1993-09-28

    A propulsion system is described for a vehicle having pairs of front and rear wheels and a fuel tank. An electrically driven motor having an output shaft operatively connected to at least one of said pair of wheels is connected to a fuel cell having a positive electrode and a negative electrode separated by an electrolyte for producing dc power to operate the motor. A partial oxidation reformer is connected both to the fuel tank and to the fuel cell and receives hydrogen-containing fuel from the fuel tank and uses water and air for partially oxidizing and reforming the fuel in the presence of an oxidizing catalyst and a reforming catalyst to produce a hydrogen-containing gas. The hydrogen-containing gas is sent from the partial oxidation reformer to the fuel cell negative electrode while air is transported to the fuel cell positive electrode to produce dc power for operating the electric motor. 3 figures.

  3. Sustainable transport better infrastructure -The Danish Government's vision for green infrastructure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prevedouros, Panos D.

    It introduces: Green taxes Intelligent road pricing More and better public transport Intelligent traffic systems Public transport and cycling Better railway network Better roadsBetter roads Noise Benefits Social billion) This leaves DKK 90 billion ($16 billion) for investments in roads, railways etc. #12;Funding

  4. Fluid transport properties by equilibrium molecular dynamics. II. Multicomponent systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dysthe, Dag Kristian

    Fluid transport properties by equilibrium molecular dynamics. II. Multicomponent systems D. K than 25 years molecular dynamics has been used to study fluid transport properties. Such MD studies and multicenter molecular models.8­16 d The study of transport properties of certain fluids and classes of fluids

  5. A reflective optical transport system for ultraviolet Thomson...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    A reflective optical transport system for ultraviolet Thomson scattering from electron plasma waves on OMEGA Citation Details In-Document Search Title: A reflective optical...

  6. Base Technology for Radioactive Material Transportation Packaging Systems

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    1992-07-08

    To establish Department of Energy (DOE) policies and responsibilities for coordinating and planning base technology for radioactive material transportation packaging systems.

  7. Intelligent Monitoring System with High Temperature Distributed Fiberoptic Sensor for Power Plant Combustion Processes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kwang Y. Lee; Stuart S. Yin; Andre Boehman

    2006-09-26

    The objective of the proposed work is to develop an intelligent distributed fiber optical sensor system for real-time monitoring of high temperature in a boiler furnace in power plants. Of particular interest is the estimation of spatial and temporal distributions of high temperatures within a boiler furnace, which will be essential in assessing and controlling the mechanisms that form and remove pollutants at the source, such as NOx. The basic approach in developing the proposed sensor system is three fold: (1) development of high temperature distributed fiber optical sensor capable of measuring temperatures greater than 2000 C degree with spatial resolution of less than 1 cm; (2) development of distributed parameter system (DPS) models to map the three-dimensional (3D) temperature distribution for the furnace; and (3) development of an intelligent monitoring system for real-time monitoring of the 3D boiler temperature distribution. Under Task 1, we have set up a dedicated high power, ultrafast laser system for fabricating in-fiber gratings in harsh environment optical fibers, successfully fabricated gratings in single crystal sapphire fibers by the high power laser system, and developed highly sensitive long period gratings (lpg) by electric arc. Under Task 2, relevant mathematical modeling studies of NOx formation in practical combustors have been completed. Studies show that in boiler systems with no swirl, the distributed temperature sensor may provide information sufficient to predict trends of NOx at the boiler exit. Under Task 3, we have investigated a mathematical approach to extrapolation of the temperature distribution within a power plant boiler facility, using a combination of a modified neural network architecture and semigroup theory. Given a set of empirical data with no analytic expression, we first developed an analytic description and then extended that model along a single axis.

  8. Intelligent Monitoring System With High Temperature Distributed Fiberoptic Sensor For Power Plant Combustion Processes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kwang Y. Lee; Stuart S. Yin; Andre Boheman

    2005-12-26

    The objective of the proposed work is to develop an intelligent distributed fiber optical sensor system for real-time monitoring of high temperature in a boiler furnace in power plants. Of particular interest is the estimation of spatial and temporal distributions of high temperatures within a boiler furnace, which will be essential in assessing and controlling the mechanisms that form and remove pollutants at the source, such as NOx. The basic approach in developing the proposed sensor system is three fold: (1) development of high temperature distributed fiber optical sensor capable of measuring temperatures greater than 2000 C degree with spatial resolution of less than 1 cm; (2) development of distributed parameter system (DPS) models to map the three-dimensional (3D) temperature distribution for the furnace; and (3) development of an intelligent monitoring system for real-time monitoring of the 3D boiler temperature distribution. Under Task 1, we set up a dedicated high power, ultrafast laser system for fabricating in-fiber gratings in harsh environment optical fibers, successfully fabricated gratings in single crystal sapphire fibers by the high power laser system, and developed highly sensitive long period gratings (lpg) by electric arc. Under Task 2, relevant mathematical modeling studies of NOx formation in practical combustors. Studies show that in boiler systems with no swirl, the distributed temperature sensor may provide information sufficient to predict trends of NOx at the boiler exit. Under Task 3, we investigate a mathematical approach to extrapolation of the temperature distribution within a power plant boiler facility, using a combination of a modified neural network architecture and semigroup theory. The 3D temperature data is furnished by the Penn State Energy Institute using FLUENT. Given a set of empirical data with no analytic expression, we first develop an analytic description and then extend that model along a single axis. Extrapolation capability was demonstrated for estimating enthalpy in a power plant.

  9. Building the Second Mind: 1956 and the Origins of Artificial Intelligence Computing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Skinner, Rebecca Elizabeth

    2012-01-01

    Expert Systems and Artificial Intelligence: Applications andExpert Systems and Artificial Intelligence: Applications andThe Man-Machine and Artificial Intelligence”, in Franchi and

  10. Sandia Energy - Transportation Energy Systems Analysis

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of energy sources and improved efficiency standards fit together into secure, robust, and sustainable solutions? Sandia's transportation energy analysis program is focused on...

  11. Optimization Problems in Natural Gas Transportation Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roger Z. Rios-Mercado

    2015-03-02

    Mar 2, 2015 ... Abstract: This paper provides a review on the most relevant research works conducted to solve natural gas transportation problems via pipeline ...

  12. International Conference on Surface Transportation System Resilience...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    results on how to adapt surface transportation networks to the potential impacts of climate change and extreme weather events. Learn More... Careers & Internships For Staff &...

  13. Transportation Routing Analysis Geographic Information System (TRAGIS)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    tool for modeling transportation routing. TRAGIS offers numerous options for route calculation the ability to: · Select an origin and destination from a list of city names; · Automatically calculate, railroad companies, or states; · Calculate highway routes that meet U.S. Department of Transportation

  14. M.D. Lemmon, P.T. Szymanski, C.J. Bett, and P.J. Antsaklis, "Hybrid Interior Point Methods for Identification of Multiple Local Models of Intelligent Control Systems," Technical Report of the ISIS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Antsaklis, Panos

    for Identification of Multiple Local Models of Intelligent Control Systems," Technical Report of the ISIS (Interdisciplinary Studies of Intelligent Systems) Group, No. ISIS-95-009, Univ of Notre Dame, September 1995," Technical Report of the ISIS (Interdisciplinary Studies of Intelligent Systems) Group, No. ISIS-95-009, Univ

  15. Scalability of the Air Transportation System and Development of Multi-Airport Systems: A Worldwide Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bonnefoy, Philippe

    With the growing demand for air transportation and the limited ability to increase capacity at some key points in the air transportation system, there are concerns that in the future the system will not scale to meet demand. ...

  16. Scalability of the air transportation system and development of multi-airport systems : a worldwide perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bonnefoy, Philippe A

    2008-01-01

    With the growing demand for air transportation and the limited ability to increase capacity at some key points in the air transportation system, there are concerns that in the future the system will not scale to meet demand. ...

  17. ICS 606 / EE 606 -Intelligent Autonomous Agents Catalog Description: The theory, methods, and practical applications of autonomous agent systems, including

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reed, Nancy E.

    , ISBN: 0262731312. Optional text #1: Artificial Intelligence - A Modern Approach, 2nd edition, Russell of agent systems. Course Objectives: A student should understand (i) the fundamental concepts of agent, Edited by Gerhard Weiss. The MIT Press, Hardcover March 1999, ISBN: 0262731312, or Paperback July 2000

  18. Journal of Intelligent and Robotic Systems One-to-one coordination algorithm for decentralized area partition in surveillance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Díaz-Báñez, José Miguel

    Journal of Intelligent and Robotic Systems One-to-one coordination algorithm for decentralized area partition in surveillance missions with a team of aerial robots --Manuscript Draft-- Manuscript Number in surveillance missions that ensures information propagation among all the robots in the team. The robots have

  19. T H E 5 TM INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON INTELLIGENT&ADVANCED SYSTEMS A Conference of WORLD ENGINEERING, SCIENCE &TECHNOLOGYCONGRESS (ESTCON)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chong, Edwin K. P.

    T H E 5 TM INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON INTELLIGENT&ADVANCED SYSTEMS A Conference of WORLD Society Conference Editorial Board, and on program/ organizing committees for several conferences, including the IEEE Conference on Decision and Control (CDC), American Control Conference (ACC), IEEE

  20. Call for Papers The 2010 Performance Metrics for Intelligent Systems workshop will be the tenth in a series dedicated to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Magee, Joseph W.

    in commercial, industrial, homeland security, and military applications. PerMIS'10 will emphasize the key role Journal of Intelligent Control and Systems. A National Science Foundation Poster Session is also being by INSPEC, Compendex, ACM Digital Library, and are released as a NIST Special Publication. In relation

  1. Special issue HAIS 2012: Recent advancements in hybrid artificial intelligence systems and its application to real-world problems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cho, Sung-Bae

    - ments in this field. The papers are organized as follows. In the first contribution, Charte et al Intelligent Systems, HAIS 2012 held in Salamanca, Spain, March 28­30, 2012, and organized by the BISITE were tested over three different areas of Spain with well-differentiated environmental characteristics

  2. Use of Microarray Test Data for Toxicogenomic Prediction-Multi-Intelligent Systems for Toxicogenomic Applications (MISTA)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wasson, J.S.; Lu, P.-Y.

    2005-09-12

    The YAHSGS LLC and Oak Ridge National Laboratory established a CRADA to develop a computational neural network and wavelets software to facilitate providing national needs for toxicity prediction and overcome the voracious drain of resources (money and time) being directed to the development of pharmaceutical agents. The research project was supported through a STTR Phase I task by NIEHS in 2004. The research deploys state-of-the-art computational neural networks and wavelets to make toxicity prediction on three independent bases: (1) quantitative structure-activity relationships, (2) microarray data, and (3) Massively Parallel Signature Sequencing technology. Upon completion of Phase I, a prototype software Multi-Intelligent System for Toxicogenomic and Applications (MISTA) was developed, the utility's feasibility was demonstrated, and a Phase II proposal was jointly prepared and submitted to NIEHS for funding evaluation. The goals and objectives of the program have been achieved.

  3. Advanced Building Efficiency Testbed Initiative/Intelligent Workplace Energy Supply System; ABETI/IWESS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    David Archer; Frederik Betz; Yun Gu; Rong Li; Flore Marion; Sophie Masson; Ming Qu; Viraj Srivastava; Hongxi Yin; Chaoqin Zhai; Rui Zhang; Elisabeth Aslanian; Berangere Lartigue

    2008-05-31

    ABETI/IWESS is a project carried out by Carnegie Mellon's Center for Building Performance and Diagnostics, the CBPD, supported by the U.S. Department of Energy/EERE, to design, procure, install, operate, and evaluate an energy supply system, an ESS, that will provide power, cooling, heating and ventilation for CBPD's Intelligent Workplace, the IW. The energy sources for this system, the IWESS, are solar radiation and bioDiesel fuel. The components of this overall system are: (1) a solar driven cooling and heating system for the IW comprising solar receivers, an absorption chiller, heat recovery exchanger, and circulation pump; (2) a bioDiesel fueled engine generator with heat recovery exchangers, one on the exhaust to provide steam and the other on the engine coolant to provide heated water; (3) a ventilation system including an enthalpy recovery wheel, an air based heat pump, an active desiccant wheel, and an air circulation fan; and (4) various convective and radiant cooling/heating units and ventilation air diffusers distributed throughout the IW. The goal of the ABETI/IWESS project is to demonstrate an energy supply system for a building space that will provide a healthy, comfortable environment for the occupants and that will reduce the quantity of energy consumed in the operation of a building space by a factor of 2 less than that of a conventional energy supply for power, cooling, heating, and ventilation based on utility power and natural gas fuel for heating.

  4. M. D. Lemmon and P. J. Antsaklis, "On The Stability of Logical Transitions in Hybrid Control Systems," Technical Report of the ISIS (Interdisciplinary Studies of Intelligent Systems) Group, No. ISIS-93-009,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Antsaklis, Panos

    Systems," Technical Report of the ISIS (Interdisciplinary Studies of Intelligent Systems) Group, No. ISIS of Logical Transitions in Hybrid Control Systems," Technical Report of the ISIS (Interdisciplinary Studies of Intelligent Systems) Group, No. ISIS-93-009, Univ of Notre Dame, December 1993. #12;M. D. Lemmon and P. J

  5. J. A. Stiver, P. J. Antsaklis and M. D. Lemmon , "A Logical DES Approach to the Design of Hybrid Control Systems," Technical Report of the ISIS (Interdisciplinary Studies of Intelligent Systems) Group,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Antsaklis, Panos

    Control Systems," Technical Report of the ISIS (Interdisciplinary Studies of Intelligent Systems) Group, No. ISIS-93-006, Univ of Notre Dame, October 1993. #12;Controller Interface Plant r x r x Control Systems," Technical Report of the ISIS (Interdisciplinary Studies of Intelligent Systems) Group

  6. In Proceedings of the 1999 IEEE/ASME International Conference on Advanced Intelligent Mechatronics, Atlanta, GA. Abstract Advanced mechatronic systems increasingly are

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    In Proceedings of the 1999 IEEE/ASME International Conference on Advanced Intelligent Mechatronics, Atlanta, GA. Abstract ­ Advanced mechatronic systems increasingly are finding application in modern to be coordinated as an aggregate mechatronic system. One important consideration in mechatronics design

  7. Roel Wieringa Machine Intelligence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wieringa, Roel

    Roel Wieringa Machine Intelligence and Explication Rapport nr.IR-129 VRIJE UNIVERSITEITAMSTERDAM Facultei~ Wiskunde en Informatica, De Boelelaan 1081, 1081 HV Amsterdam #12;Machine Intelligence. Machines and explicitness 1.1 Systems, states, and processes 1.2 Machines, Turing machines, computers 1

  8. TEXAS TRANSPORTATION INSTITUTE THE TEXAS A&M UNIVERSITY SYSTEM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    TEXAS TRANSPORTATION INSTITUTE THE TEXAS A&M UNIVERSITY SYSTEM COLLEGE STATION, TEXAS Sponsored by the Texas Commission On Environmental Quality November 2006 Transportation Institute Texas Collection for the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality Umbrella Contract 70880-06-07: Task 2 - Review Draft Prepared

  9. Foundations of Artificial Intelligence Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qu, Rong

    Foundations of Artificial Intelligence Introduction to the Course Module G64FAI #12;General in Artificial Intelligence (AI) · Provide an understanding of the theory of a range of those techniques · Introduce the students to a number of Artificial Intelligence applications · Show how these systems can

  10. The application of Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) and Information Technology systems to disaster response

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pinelis, Lev

    2006-01-01

    Disaster response operations during recent terrorist attacks and natural disasters have been a cause for concern. Lack of planning is one source of difficulties with these operations, but even if a perfect plan is agreed ...

  11. Control of machine functions or transport systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Woodley, M.D.; Lee, M.J.; Jaeger, J.; King, A.S.

    1983-01-01

    A computer code, COMFORT, has been developed at SLAC for on-line calculation of the strengths of magnetic elements in an electron storage ring or transport beam line, subject to first order fitting constraints on the ring or beam line parameters. This code can also be used off-line as an interactive lattice or beam line design tool.

  12. Nuclear reactor heat transport system component low friction support system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wade, Elman E. (Ruffs Dale, PA)

    1980-01-01

    A support column for a heavy component of a liquid metal fast breeder reactor heat transport system which will deflect when the pipes leading coolant to and from the heavy component expand or contract due to temperature changes includes a vertically disposed pipe, the pipe being connected to the heavy component by two longitudinally spaced cycloidal dovetail joints wherein the distal end of each of the dovetails constitutes a part of the surface of a large diameter cylinder and the centerlines of these large diameter cylinders intersect at right angles and the pipe being supported through two longitudinally spaced cycloidal dovetail joints wherein the distal end of each of the dovetails constitutes a part of the surface of a large diameter cylinder and the centerlines of these large diameter cylinders intersect at right angles, each of the cylindrical surfaces bearing on a flat and horizontal surface.

  13. PhD Research Fellow in Cognitive Robotics and Interactive Systems A position as PhD Research fellow is available at the Cognitive Robotics, Intelligent Systems & Speech

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Condat, Laurent

    PhD Research Fellow in Cognitive Robotics and Interactive Systems A position as PhD Research fellow is available at the Cognitive Robotics, Intelligent Systems & Speech Processing (CRISSP) group at GIPSA at demonstrating and learning social behaviors to humanoid robots via fully immersive teleoperation. The CRISSP

  14. World Energy Projection System Plus Model Documentation: Transportation Model

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2011-01-01

    This report documents the objectives, analytical approach and development of the World Energy Projection System Plus (WEPS ) International Transportation model. It also catalogues and describes critical assumptions, computational methodology, parameter estimation techniques, and model source code.

  15. Using design structure matrices to improve decentralization urban transportation systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dunn, Travis P

    2005-01-01

    Management of large, complex, urban transportation systems involves numerous stakeholders due to the decentralized ownership and operation of distinct pieces of the physical network. In order to deliver better service to ...

  16. Concepts studies for future intracity air transportation systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joint DOT-NASA Civil Aviation Research and Development Policy Study.; United States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Flight Transportation Laboratory

    1970-01-01

    Summary: This report is concerned with describing the possible application of future air transportation systems within urban areas of the United States. The planning horizon extends to 1995 and the report focuses on the ...

  17. Workshop on technology issues of superconducting Maglev transportation systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wegrzyn, J.E. ); Shaw, D.T. )

    1991-09-27

    There exists a critical need in the United States to improve its ground transportation system. One suggested system that offers many advantages over the current transportation infrastructure is Maglev. Maglev represents the latest evolution in very high and speed ground transportation, where vehicles are magnetically levitated, guided, and propelled over elevated guideways at speeds of 300 miles per hour. Maglev is not a new concept but is, however, receiving renewed interest. The objective of this workshop was to further promote these interest by bringing together a small group of specialists in Maglev technology to discuss Maglev research needs and to identify key research issues to the development of a successful Maglev system. The workshop was organized into four sessions based on the following technical areas: Materials, Testing, and Shielding; Magnet Design and Cryogenic Systems; Propulsion and Levitation Systems; and, System Control and Integration.

  18. Neuromorphic Vision Chips: intelligent sensors for industrial applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neuromorphic Vision Chips: intelligent sensors for industrial applications Giacomo Indiveri, J, Neuromorphic Systems, Intelligent Sensors, Vehicle Navigation I. Introduction THE term "neuromorphic systems them in hardware. The developed chips can thus be used as "intelligent sensors"; sensors that, from

  19. Draft version of "Joo Carlos Ferreira, Alberto Rodrigues da Silva, Vtor Monteiro and Joo L. Afonso. Collaborative Broker for Distrib-uted Energy Resources. in Computational Intelligence and Decision Making -Trends and Applications (From Intelligent System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    da Silva, Alberto Rodrigues

    In this work it is proposed the design of a system to handle Distributed Energy Resources (DER), which is a new converge under the name of DER (Distributed Energy Resources) as part of an intelligent power system://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-94-007-4722-7_34 Collaborative Broker for Distributed Energy Resources João Carlos

  20. Preprint version 2011 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems, San Francisco, CA Bilateral Teleoperation of Multiple UAVs with

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Preprint version 2011 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems, San, light-weight, low-energy, and cheap sensors. A camera, for example, well fits these requirements

  1. Preprint version 2013 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems, Tokyo, Japan Experimental validation of a new adaptive control scheme for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Preprint version 2013 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems, Tokyo years: the estimation of the MAV position/orientation by only resorting to onboard sensors

  2. Journal of Artificial Intelligence Research 2 (1994) 132 Submitted 4/94; published 8/94 A System for Induction of Oblique Decision Trees

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salzberg, Steven

    1994-01-01

    Journal of Artificial Intelligence Research 2 (1994) 1­32 Submitted 4/94; published 8/94 A System and artificial data, that analyze OC1's ability to construct oblique trees that are smaller and more accurate

  3. Secondary ion collection and transport system for ion microprobe

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ward, James W. (Canoga Park, CA); Schlanger, Herbert (Simi Valley, CA); McNulty, Jr., Hugh (Santa Monica, CA); Parker, Norman W. (Camarillo, CA)

    1985-01-01

    A secondary ion collection and transport system, for use with an ion microprobe, which is very compact and occupies only a small working distance, thereby enabling the primary ion beam to have a short focal length and high resolution. Ions sputtered from the target surface by the primary beam's impact are collected between two arcuate members having radii of curvature and applied voltages that cause only ions within a specified energy band to be collected. The collected ions are accelerated and focused in a transport section consisting of a plurality of spaced conductive members which are coaxial with and distributed along the desired ion path. Relatively high voltages are applied to alternate transport sections to produce accelerating electric fields sufficient to transport the ions through the section to an ion mass analyzer, while lower voltages are applied to the other transport sections to focus the ions and bring their velocity to a level compatible with the analyzing apparatus.

  4. Sandia Energy - Transportation Energy Systems Analysis

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation of Fe(II)GeothermalFuel MagnetizationTransportation Energy Home Analysis

  5. Commissioning Lessons from Study of the Advanced Systems at the CMU Intelligent Workplace 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Claridge, D. E.; Gong, X.

    2008-01-01

    A detailed study has been conducted of the performance of several innovative aspects of the Intelligent Workplace (IW) at Carnegie Mellon University, a low energy consumption building that uses radiant heating, cooling and a desiccant ventilation...

  6. A systems thinking approach to business intelligence solutions based on cloud computing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reyes, Eumir P. (Eumir Paulo Reyes Morales)

    2010-01-01

    Business intelligence is the set of tools, processes, practices and people that are used to take advantage of information to support decision making in the organizations. Cloud computing is a new paradigm for offering ...

  7. P. J. Antsaklis, M. D. Lemmon and J. A. Stiver, "Hybrid System Modeling and Event Identification," Technical Report of the ISIS (Interdisciplinary Studies of Intelligent Systems) Group, No. ISIS-93-002,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Antsaklis, Panos

    ," Technical Report of the ISIS (Interdisciplinary Studies of Intelligent Systems) Group, No. ISIS-93-002, Univ and Event Identification," Technical Report of the ISIS (Interdisciplinary Studies of Intelligent Systems) Group, No. ISIS-93-002, Univ of Notre Dame, January 1993. #12;P. J. Antsaklis, M. D. Lemmon and J. A

  8. Preliminary Transportation, Aging and Disposal Canister System Performance Specification

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    C.A Kouts

    2006-11-22

    This document provides specifications for selected system components of the Transportation, Aging and Disposal (TAD) canister-based system. A list of system specified components and ancillary components are included in Section 1.2. The TAD canister, in conjunction with specialized overpacks will accomplish a number of functions in the management and disposal of spent nuclear fuel. Some of these functions will be accomplished at purchaser sites where commercial spent nuclear fuel (CSNF) is stored, and some will be performed within the Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (OCRWM) transportation and disposal system. This document contains only those requirements unique to applications within Department of Energy's (DOE's) system. DOE recognizes that TAD canisters may have to perform similar functions at purchaser sites. Requirements to meet reactor functions, such as on-site dry storage, handling, and loading for transportation, are expected to be similar to commercially available canister-based systems. This document is intended to be referenced in the license application for the Monitored Geologic Repository (MGR). As such, the requirements cited herein are needed for TAD system use in OCRWM's disposal system. This document contains specifications for the TAD canister, transportation overpack and aging overpack. The remaining components and equipment that are unique to the OCRWM system or for similar purchaser applications will be supplied by others.

  9. Intelligent Bioreactor Management Information System (IBM-IS) for Mitigation of Greenhouse Gas Emissions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Paul Imhoff; Ramin Yazdani; Don Augenstein; Harold Bentley; Pei Chiu

    2010-04-30

    Methane is an important contributor to global warming with a total climate forcing estimated to be close to 20% that of carbon dioxide (CO2) over the past two decades. The largest anthropogenic source of methane in the US is 'conventional' landfills, which account for over 30% of anthropogenic emissions. While controlling greenhouse gas emissions must necessarily focus on large CO2 sources, attention to reducing CH4 emissions from landfills can result in significant reductions in greenhouse gas emissions at low cost. For example, the use of 'controlled' or bioreactor landfilling has been estimated to reduce annual US greenhouse emissions by about 15-30 million tons of CO2 carbon (equivalent) at costs between $3-13/ton carbon. In this project we developed or advanced new management approaches, landfill designs, and landfill operating procedures for bioreactor landfills. These advances are needed to address lingering concerns about bioreactor landfills (e.g., efficient collection of increased CH4 generation) in the waste management industry, concerns that hamper bioreactor implementation and the consequent reductions in CH4 emissions. Collectively, the advances described in this report should result in better control of bioreactor landfills and reductions in CH4 emissions. Several advances are important components of an Intelligent Bioreactor Management Information System (IBM-IS).

  10. Safety analysis report for packaging (onsite) sample pig transport system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    MCCOY, J.C.

    1999-03-16

    This Safety Analysis Report for Packaging (SARP) provides a technical evaluation of the Sample Pig Transport System as compared to the requirements of the U.S. Department of Energy, Richland Operations Office (RL) Order 5480.1, Change 1, Chapter III. The evaluation concludes that the package is acceptable for the onsite transport of Type B, fissile excepted radioactive materials when used in accordance with this document.

  11. Fabrication of catalyzed ion transport membrane systems

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Carolan, Michael Francis; Kibby, Charles Leonard

    2013-06-04

    Process for fabricating a catalyzed ion transport membrane (ITM). In one embodiment, an uncatalyzed ITM is (a) contacted with a non-reducing gaseous stream while heating to a temperature and for a time period sufficient to provide an ITM possessing anion mobility; (b) contacted with a reducing gaseous stream for a time period sufficient to provide an ITM having anion mobility and essentially constant oxygen stoichiometry; (c) cooled while contacting the ITM with the reducing gaseous stream to provide an ITM having essentially constant oxygen stoichiometry and no anion mobility; and (d) treated by applying catalyst to at least one of (1) a porous mixed conducting multicomponent metallic oxide (MCMO) layer contiguous with a first side of a dense layer of MCMO and (2) a second side of the dense MCMO layer. In another embodiment, these steps are carried out in the alternative order of (a), (d), (b), and (c).

  12. Probabilistic on-line transportation problems with carrying-capacity constraints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Treleaven, Kyle (Kyle Ballantyne)

    2014-01-01

    This thesis presents new insights and techniques for the analysis and design of autonomous or technology-assisted ("intelligent") transportation systems. The focus is on cooperative, on-line planning and control, of a fleet ...

  13. Pulse thermal energy transport/storage system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Weislogel, Mark M. (23133 Switzer Rd., Brookpark, OH 44142)

    1992-07-07

    A pulse-thermal pump having a novel fluid flow wherein heat admitted to a closed system raises the pressure in a closed evaporator chamber while another interconnected evaporator chamber remains open. This creates a large pressure differential, and at a predetermined pressure the closed evaporator is opened and the opened evaporator is closed. This difference in pressure initiates fluid flow in the system.

  14. INTELLIGENT COMPUTING SYSTEM FOR RESERVOIR ANALYSIS AND RISK ASSESSMENT OF THE RED RIVER FORMATION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mark A. Sippel; William C. Carrigan; Kenneth D. Luff; Lyn Canter

    2003-11-12

    Integrated software has been written that comprises the tool kit for the Intelligent Computing System (ICS). The software tools in ICS have been developed for characterization of reservoir properties and evaluation of hydrocarbon potential using a combination of inter-disciplinary data sources such as geophysical, geologic and engineering variables. The ICS tools provide a means for logical and consistent reservoir characterization and oil reserve estimates. The tools can be broadly characterized as (1) clustering tools, (2) neural solvers, (3) multiple-linear regression, (4) entrapment-potential calculator and (5) file utility tools. ICS tools are extremely flexible in their approach and use, and applicable to most geologic settings. The tools are primarily designed to correlate relationships between seismic information and engineering and geologic data obtained from wells, and to convert or translate seismic information into engineering and geologic terms or units. It is also possible to apply ICS in a simple framework that may include reservoir characterization using only engineering, seismic, or geologic data in the analysis. ICS tools were developed and tested using geophysical, geologic and engineering data obtained from an exploitation and development project involving the Red River Formation in Bowman County, North Dakota and Harding County, South Dakota. Data obtained from 3D seismic surveys, and 2D seismic lines encompassing nine prospective field areas were used in the analysis. The geologic setting of the Red River Formation in Bowman and Harding counties is that of a shallow-shelf, carbonate system. Present-day depth of the Red River formation is approximately 8000 to 10,000 ft below ground surface. This report summarizes production results from well demonstration activity, results of reservoir characterization of the Red River Formation at demonstration sites, descriptions of ICS tools and strategies for their application.

  15. Feasibility study for a transportation operations system cask maintenance facility

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rennich, M.J.; Medley, L.G.; Attaway, C.R.

    1991-01-01

    The US Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (OCRWM) is responsible for the development of a waste management program for the disposition of spent nuclear fuel (SNF) and high-level waste (HLW). The program will include a transportation system for moving the nuclear waste from the sources to a geologic repository for permanent disposal. Specially designed casks will be used to safely transport the waste. The cask systems must be operated within limits imposed by DOE, the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), and the Department of Transportation (DOT). A dedicated facility for inspecting, testing, and maintaining the cask systems was recommended by the General Accounting Office (in 1979) as the best means of assuring their operational effectiveness and safety, as well as regulatory compliance. In November of 1987, OCRWM requested a feasibility study be made of a Cask Maintenance Facility (CMF) that would perform the required functions. 46 refs., 16 figs., 13 tabs.

  16. EVermont Renewable Hydrogen Production and Transportation Fueling System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garabedian, Harold T. Wight, Gregory Dreier, Ken Borland, Nicholas

    2008-03-30

    A great deal of research funding is being devoted to the use of hydrogen for transportation fuel, particularly in the development of fuel cell vehicles. When this research bears fruit in the form of consumer-ready vehicles, will the fueling infrastructure be ready? Will the required fueling systems work in cold climates as well as they do in warm areas? Will we be sure that production of hydrogen as the energy carrier of choice for our transit system is the most energy efficient and environmentally friendly option? Will consumers understand this fuel and how to handle it? Those are questions addressed by the EVermont Wind to Wheels Hydrogen Project: Sustainable Transportation. The hydrogen fueling infrastructure consists of three primary subcomponents: a hydrogen generator (electrolyzer), a compression and storage system, and a dispenser. The generated fuel is then used to provide transportation as a motor fuel. EVermont Inc., started in 1993 by then governor Howard Dean, is a public-private partnership of entities interested in documenting and advancing the performance of advanced technology vehicles that are sustainable and less burdensome on the environment, especially in areas of cold climates, hilly terrain and with rural settlement patterns. EVermont has developed a demonstration wind powered hydrogen fuel producing filling system that uses electrolysis, compression to 5000 psi and a hydrogen burning vehicle that functions reliably in cold climates. And that fuel is then used to meet transportation needs in a hybrid electric vehicle whose internal combustion engine has been converted to operate on hydrogen Sponsored by the DOE EERE Hydrogen, Fuel Cells & Infrastructure Technologies (HFC&IT) Program, the purpose of the project is to test the viability of sustainably produced hydrogen for use as a transportation fuel in a cold climate with hilly terrain and rural settlement patterns. Specifically, the project addresses the challenge of building a renewable transportation energy capable system. The prime energy for this project comes from an agreement with a wind turbine operator.

  17. Controlled Spin Transport in Planar Systems Through Topological Exciton

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kumar Abhinav; Prasanta K. Panigrahi

    2015-07-01

    It is shown that a charge-neutral spin-1 exciton, realizable only in planar systems like graphene, can effectively be used for controlled spin transport in such media. The excitonic bound state is destabilized by quantum fluctuations, characterized by a threshold for excitation and melts in a smooth manner under thermal fluctuations. This planar exciton differs from the conventional ones, as it owes its existence to the topological Chern-Simons (CS) term. The parity and time-reversal violating CS term can arise from quantum effects in systems with parity-breaking mass-gap. The spinning exciton naturally couples to magnetic field, leading to the possibility of controlled spin transport. Being neutral, it is immune to adverse effects, afflicting spin transport by charged fermions.

  18. Real time intelligent process control system for thin film solar cell manufacturing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    George Atanasoff

    2010-10-29

    This project addresses the problem of lower solar conversion efficiency and waste in the typical solar cell manufacturing process. The work from the proposed development will lead toward developing a system which should be able to increase solar panel conversion efficiency by an additional 12-15% resulting in lower cost panels, increased solar technology adoption, reduced carbon emissions and reduced dependency on foreign oil. All solar cell manufacturing processes today suffer from manufacturing inefficiencies that currently lead to lower product quality and lower conversion efficiency, increased product cost and greater material and energy consumption. This results in slower solar energy adoption and extends the time solar cells will reach grid parity with traditional energy sources. The thin film solar panel manufacturers struggle on a daily basis with the problem of thin film thickness non-uniformity and other parameters variances over the deposited substrates, which significantly degrade their manufacturing yield and quality. Optical monitoring of the thin films during the process of the film deposition is widely perceived as a necessary step towards resolving the non-uniformity and non-homogeneity problem. In order to enable the development of an optical control system for solar cell manufacturing, a new type of low cost optical sensor is needed, able to acquire local information about the panel under deposition and measure its local characteristics, including the light scattering in very close proximity to the surface of the film. This information cannot be obtained by monitoring from outside the deposition chamber (as traditional monitoring systems do) due to the significant signal attenuation and loss of its scattering component before the reflected beam reaches the detector. In addition, it would be too costly to install traditional external in-situ monitoring systems to perform any real-time monitoring over large solar panels, since it would require significant equipment refurbishing needed for installation of multiple separate ellipsometric systems, and development of customized software to control all of them simultaneously. The proposed optical monitoring system comprises AccuStrata’s fiber optics sensors installed inside the thin film deposition equipment, a hardware module of different components (beyond the scope of this project) and our software program with iterative predicting capability able to control material bandgap and surface roughness as films are deposited. Our miniature fiber optics monitoring sensors are installed inside the vacuum chamber compartments in very close proximity where the independent layers are deposited (an option patented by us in 2003). The optical monitoring system measures two of the most important parameters of the photovoltaic thin films during deposition on a moving solar panel - material bandgap and surface roughness. In this program each sensor array consists of two fiber optics sensors monitoring two independent areas of the panel under deposition. Based on the monitored parameters and their change in time and from position to position on the panel, the system is able to provide to the equipment operator immediate information about the thin films as they are deposited. This DoE Supply Chain program is considered the first step towards the development of intelligent optical control system capable of dynamically adjusting the manufacturing process “on-the-fly” in order to achieve better performance. The proposed system will improve the thin film solar cell manufacturing by improving the quality of the individual solar cells and will allow for the manufacturing of more consistent and uniform products resulting in higher solar conversion efficiency and manufacturing yield. It will have a significant impact on the multibillion-dollar thin film solar market. We estimate that the financial impact of these improvements if adopted by only 10% of the industry ($7.7 Billion) would result in about $1.5 Billion in savings by 2015 (at the assumed 20% improvement). This can b

  19. Sustainable Transport Systems STS | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-Enhancing CapacityVectren)Model forTechnologies Ltd Jump to:PowerSystems STS Jump to:

  20. Subcommittee Intelligence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ernst, Damien

    Intelligence Methods for Voltage Stability Assessment Louis WEHENKEL University of Li` ege ­ Belgium I. (Quick) reasoning mechanisms ffl Today : towards data (and computationally) intensive methods ) Data mining

  1. System transition : dynamics of change in the US air transportation system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mozdzanowska, Aleksandra L. (Aleksandra Ludmila), 1979-

    2008-01-01

    The US Air Transportation System is currently facing a number of challenges including an increasing demand for travel and growing environmental requirements. In order to successfully meet future needs, the system will need ...

  2. Feedback Model of Air Transportation System Change: Implementation Challenges for Aviation Information Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mozdzanowska, Aleksandra L.

    The U.S. air transportation system faces substantial challenges in implementing new aviation information systems to meet future demand. These challenges need to be understood and addressed in order to successfully meet ...

  3. Identifying Inhabitants of an Intelligent Environment Using a GraphBased Data Mining System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cook, Diane J.

    of the MavHome smart home project is to build an intelligent home environment that is aware of its­class learning version of Subdue and show some preliminary results on synthetic smart home activity data and application motivate us to construct a smart home that provides maximum comfort to its inhabitants. One use

  4. Performance Modeling of a Solar Driven Absorption Cooling System for Carnegie Mellon University's Intelligent Workplace 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Masson, S. V.; Qu, M.; Archer, D. H.

    2006-01-01

    The Robert L. Preger Intelligent Workplace (IW) is a 650 m2 (7,000 ft2) living laboratory of office space at Carnegie Mellon University (Pittsburgh, PA). The IW is involved in a project to develop, install, and test an ...

  5. Decision Theory in Expert Systems and Artificial Intelligence \\Lambda Eric J. Horvitz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Horvitz, Eric

    . Breese Rockwell International Science Center Palo Alto Laboratory 444 High Street Palo Alto, CA 94301 Max 1988 Abstract Despite their different perspectives, artificial intelligence (AI) and the disciplines appearing in the International Journal of Approximate Reasoning, 2:247--302, 1988 (Special Issue

  6. MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE LABORATORY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scassellati, Brian

    February, 1999 A Binocular, Foveated Active Vision System Brian Scassellati MIT Artificial Intelligence Lab project at the MIT Artificial Intelligence Laboratory. The ac- tive vision system features a 3 degreeMASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE LABORATORY A.I. Memo No. 1628

  7. Artificial Intelligence 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Appleton, D. S.

    1985-01-01

    This paper is a general overview of the field of artificial Intelligence and of some of the application issues within that field. Its first objective is to try and establish a viable definition for what artificial intelligence is, and to make a...

  8. Transport in finite size systems: An exit time approach P. Castiglione,a)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cencini, Massimo

    Transport in finite size systems: An exit time approach P. Castiglione,a) M. Cencini, and A In the framework of chaotic scattering we analyze passive tracer transport in finite systems. In particular, we nonasymptotic transport properties in such systems, one can use tools borrowed from dynamical systems theory

  9. System-of-Systems Framework for the Future Hydrogen-Based Transportation Economy: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duffy, M.; Sandor, D.

    2008-06-01

    From a supply chain view, this paper traces the flow of transportation fuels through required systems and addresses the current petroleum-based economy, DOE's vision for a future hydrogen-based transportation economy, and the challenges of a massive market and infrastructure transformation.

  10. Intelligent Control via Wireless Sensor Networks for Advanced Coal Combustion Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aman Behal; Sunil Kumar; Goodarz Ahmadi

    2007-08-05

    Numerical Modeling of Solid Gas Flow, System Identification for purposes of modeling and control, and Wireless Sensor and Actor Network design were pursued as part of this project. Time series input-output data was obtained from NETL's Morgantown CFB facility courtesy of Dr. Lawrence Shadle. It was run through a nonlinear kernel estimator and nonparametric models were obtained for the system. Linear and first-order nonlinear kernels were then utilized to obtain a state-space description of the system. Neural networks were trained that performed better at capturing the plant dynamics. It is possible to use these networks to find a plant model and the inversion of this model can be used to control the system. These models allow one to compare with physics based models whose parameters can then be determined by comparing them against the available data based model. On a parallel track, Dr. Kumar designed an energy-efficient and reliable transport protocol for wireless sensor and actor networks, where the sensors could be different types of wireless sensors used in CFB based coal combustion systems and actors are more powerful wireless nodes to set up a communication network while avoiding the data congestion. Dr. Ahmadi's group studied gas solid flow in a duct. It was seen that particle concentration clearly shows a preferential distribution. The particles strongly interact with the turbulence eddies and are concentrated in narrow bands that are evolving with time. It is believed that observed preferential concentration is due to the fact that these particles are flung out of eddies by centrifugal force.

  11. Estimation and prediction of travel time from loop detector data for intelligent transportation systems applications 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vanajakshi, Lelitha Devi

    2005-11-01

    ., or from indirect methods such as loop detectors. Because of their wide spread deployment, travel time estimation from loop detector data is one of the most widely used methods. However, the major criticism about loop detector data is the high probability...

  12. Engaging the International Community: Research on Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) Applications to Improve Environmental Performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shladover, Steven; Barth, Matthew J; Zhang, Wei-Bin

    2011-01-01

    development for highways, high speed rail, and urban travel.rapidly constructing high speed rail networks across theengine technologies and high speed rail have been identified

  13. IntelliCarTS: Intelligent Cars Transportation System Ashwin Gumaste, Rahul Singhai and Anirudh Sahoo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sahoo, Anirudha

    Mumbai, India 4000076 Email: ashwing@ieee.org, rahuls, sahoo @it.iitb.ac.in Abstract-- We propose Intelli ­ location awareness, real-time communication, mapping of mobile entities and taking appropriate action

  14. Engaging the International Community: Research on Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) Applications to Improve Environmental Performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shladover, Steven; Barth, Matthew J; Zhang, Wei-Bin

    2011-01-01

    the processes that consume energy and produce CO 2 occur onamount of energy that vehicles need to consume to complete

  15. TEXAS TRANSPORTATION INSTITUTE THE TEXAS A&M UNIVERSITY SYSTEM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .Sc. Center for Sustainable Mobility, Virginia Tech Transportation Institute 3500 Transportation ResearchD. Center for Sustainable Mobility, Virginia Tech Transportation Institute 3500 Transportation Research) NOx Emissions Testing Expanding MOBILE6 Rates to Accommodate High Speeds Sponsored By Houston Advanced

  16. Intelligent Mobile Sensor System for drum inspection and monitoring -- Volume 1. Final report, October 1, 1993--April 22, 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-12-31

    The objective of the Intelligent Mobile Sensor System (IMSS) project is to develop an operational system for monitoring and inspection activities for waste storage facility operations at several DOE sites. Specifically, the product of this effort is a robotic device with enhanced intelligence and maneuverability capable of conducting routine inspection of stored waste drums. The device is capable of operating in the narrow free aisle space between rows of stacked drums. The system has an integrated sensor suite for problem-drum detection, and is linked to a site database both for inspection planning and for data correlation, updating, and report generation. The system is capable of departing on an assigned mission, collecting required data, recording which portions of its mission had to be aborted or modified due to environmental constraints, and reporting back when the mission is complete. Successful identification of more than 96% of drum defects has been demonstrated in a high fidelity waste storage facility mockup. Identified anomalies included rust spots, rust streaks, areas of corrosion, dents, and tilted drums. All drums were positively identified and correlated with the site database. This development effort is separated into three phases of which phase two is now complete. The first phase demonstrated an integrated system (maturity level IVa) for monitoring and inspection activities for waste storage facility operations. The second phase demonstrated a prototype system appropriate for operational use in an actual storage facility. The prototype provides an integrated design that considers operational requirements, hardware costs, maintenance, safety, and robustness. The final phase will demonstrate commercial viability using the prototype vehicle in a pilot waste operations and inspection project. This report summarizes the design and evaluation of the new IMSS Phase 2 system and vehicle.

  17. Intelligent Extruder

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    AlperEker; Mark Giammattia; Paul Houpt; Aditya Kumar; Oscar Montero; Minesh Shah; Norberto Silvi; Timothy Cribbs

    2003-04-24

    ''Intelligent Extruder'' described in this report is a software system and associated support services for monitoring and control of compounding extruders to improve material quality, reduce waste and energy use, with minimal addition of new sensors or changes to the factory floor system components. Emphasis is on process improvements to the mixing, melting and de-volatilization of base resins, fillers, pigments, fire retardants and other additives in the :finishing'' stage of high value added engineering polymer materials. While GE Plastics materials were used for experimental studies throughout the program, the concepts and principles are broadly applicable to other manufacturers materials. The project involved a joint collaboration among GE Global Research, GE Industrial Systems and Coperion Werner & Pleiderer, USA, a major manufacturer of compounding equipment. Scope of the program included development of a algorithms for monitoring process material viscosity without rheological sensors or generating waste streams, a novel detection scheme for rapid detection of process upsets and an adaptive feedback control system to compensate for process upsets where at line adjustments are feasible. Software algorithms were implemented and tested on a laboratory scale extruder (50 lb/hr) at GE Global Research and data from a production scale system (2000 lb/hr) at GE Plastics was used to validate the monitoring and detection software. Although not evaluated experimentally, a new concept for extruder process monitoring through estimation of high frequency drive torque without strain gauges is developed and demonstrated in simulation. A plan to commercialize the software system is outlined, but commercialization has not been completed.

  18. Intelligent urban water systems use state-of-the-art sensors, telemetry as well as decision-making and optimisation software

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cardell-Oliver, Rachel

    Overview Intelligent urban water systems use state-of-the-art sensors, telemetry as well as decision-making and optimisation software for various components of an urban water system. These elements are applied all the way from the catchment via water treatment facilities to households. This means sensor

  19. Transportation Routing Analysis Geographic Information System (TRAGIS) User's Manual

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnson, PE

    2003-09-18

    The Transportation Routing Analysis Geographic Information System (TRAGIS) model is used to calculate highway, rail, or waterway routes within the United States. TRAGIS is a client-server application with the user interface and map data files residing on the user's personal computer and the routing engine and network data files on a network server. The user's manual provides documentation on installation and the use of the many features of the model.

  20. JOVIAN STRATOSPHERE AS A CHEMICAL TRANSPORT SYSTEM: BENCHMARK ANALYTICAL SOLUTIONS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang Xi; Shia Runlie; Yung, Yuk L.

    2013-04-20

    We systematically investigated the solvable analytical benchmark cases in both one- and two-dimensional (1D and 2D) chemical-advective-diffusive systems. We use the stratosphere of Jupiter as an example but the results can be applied to other planetary atmospheres and exoplanetary atmospheres. In the 1D system, we show that CH{sub 4} and C{sub 2}H{sub 6} are mainly in diffusive equilibrium, and the C{sub 2}H{sub 2} profile can be approximated by modified Bessel functions. In the 2D system in the meridional plane, analytical solutions for two typical circulation patterns are derived. Simple tracer transport modeling demonstrates that the distribution of a short-lived species (such as C{sub 2}H{sub 2}) is dominated by the local chemical sources and sinks, while that of a long-lived species (such as C{sub 2}H{sub 6}) is significantly influenced by the circulation pattern. We find that an equator-to-pole circulation could qualitatively explain the Cassini observations, but a pure diffusive transport process could not. For slowly rotating planets like the close-in extrasolar planets, the interaction between the advection by the zonal wind and chemistry might cause a phase lag between the final tracer distribution and the original source distribution. The numerical simulation results from the 2D Caltech/JPL chemistry-transport model agree well with the analytical solutions for various cases.

  1. R&D ERL: Photocathode Deposition and Transport System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pate, D.; Ben-Zvi, I.; Rao, T.; Burrill, R.; Todd, R.; Smedley, J.; Holmes, D.

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of the photocathode deposition and transport system is to (1) produce a robust, high yield multialkali photocathode and (2) have a method of transporting the multialkali photocathode for insertion into a super conducting RF electron gun. This process is only successful if a sufficient quantum efficiency lifetime of the cathode, which is inserted in the SRF electron gun, is maintained. One important element in producing a multialkali photocathode is the strict vacuum requirements of 10{sup -11} torr to assure success in the production of longlived photocathodes that will not have their QE or lifetime depleted due to residual gas poisoning in a poor vacuum. A cutaway view of our third generation deposition system is shown in figure 1. There are certain design criteria and principles required. One must be able to install, remove, rejuvenate and replace a cathode without exposing the source or cathode to atmosphere. The system must allow one to deposit Cs, K, and Sb on a cathode tip surface at pressures in the 10{sup -10} to 10{sup -9} torr range. The cathode needs to be heated to as high as 850 C for cleaning and maintained at 130 C to 150 C during deposition. There should also be the capability for in-situ QE measurements. In addition the preparation of dispenser photocathodes must be accounted for, thus requiring an ion source for cathode cleaning. Finally the transport cart must be mobile and be able to negotiate the ERL facility labyrinth.

  2. The systems engineering of a network-centric distributed intelligent system of systems for robust human behavior classifications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goshorn, Deborah Ellen

    2010-01-01

    the Underway Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) System. . . . . .Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) System. Bibliography 2001:Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) System, and the Cyber-Security

  3. Intelligent mobile sensor system for drum inspection and monitoring: Topical report, October 1, 1993--April 22, 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1997-04-01

    The objective of the Intelligent Mobile Sensor System (IMSS) project is to develop an operational system for monitoring and inspection activities for waste storage facility operations at several DOE sites. Specifically, the product of this effort is a robotic device with enhanced intelligence and maneuverability capable of conducting routine inspection of stored waste drums. The system has an integrated sensor suite for problem-drum detection, and is linked to a site database both for inspection planning and for data correlation, updating, and report generation. The system is capable of departing on an assigned mission, collecting required data, recording which portions of its mission had to be aborted or modified due to environmental constraints, and reporting back when the mission is complete. Successful identification of more than 96% of drum defects has been demonstrated in a high fidelity waste storage facility mockup. Identified anomalies included rust spots, rust streaks, areas of corrosion, dents, and tilted drums. All drums were positively identified and correlated with the site database. This development effort is separated into three phases of which phase two is now complete. The second phase demonstrated a prototype system appropriate for operational use in an actual storage facility. The prototype provides an integrated design that considers operational requirements, hardware costs, maintenance, safety, and robustness. The final phase will demonstrate commercial viability using the prototype vehicle in a pilot waste operations and inspection project. This report summarizes the design and evaluation of the new IMSS Phase 2 system and vehicle. Several parts of the IMSS Phase 1 Topical (Final) Report, which describes the requirements, design guidelines, and detailed design of the Phase 1 IMSS vehicle, are incorporated here, with modifications to reflect the changes in the design and the new elements added during the Phase 2 work.

  4. M.D. Lemmon, Xiaojun Yang and P. J. Antsaklis, "Inductive Inference of Logical DES Controllers using the L* Algorithm," Technical Report of the ISIS (Interdisciplinary Studies of Intelligent Systems)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Antsaklis, Panos

    using the L* Algorithm," Technical Report of the ISIS (Interdisciplinary Studies of Intelligent Systems) Group, No. ISIS-94-010, Univ of Notre Dame, September 1994. #12;M.D. Lemmon, Xiaojun Yang and P. J of the ISIS (Interdisciplinary Studies of Intelligent Systems) Group, No. ISIS-94-010, Univ of Notre Dame

  5. ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE Learning to see and act

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meeden, Lisa A.

    ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE Learning to see and act An artificial-intelligence system uses machine to process large amounts of data have led to progress in many areas of science, not least artificial intelligence (AI). With advances in machine learning has come the development of machines that can learn

  6. The Intelligence Behind the Robotic-Enabled System | GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorking With U.S.Week Day Year(activeInforum LIFT Model U.S.Intelligence

  7. Ligncellulosic feedstock supply systems with intermodal and overseas transportation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ric Hoefnagels; Kara Cafferty; Erin Searcy; Jacob J. Jacobson; Martin Junginger; Thijs Cornelissen; Andre Faaij

    2014-12-01

    With growing demand for biomass from industrial uses and international trade, the logistic operations required to economically move the biomass from the field or forest to the end users have become increasingly complex. In addition to economics, understanding energy and GHG emissions is required to design cost effective, sustainable logistic process operations; in order to improve international supply chains it is also important to understate their interdependencies and related uncertainties. This article presents an approach to assess lignocellulosic feedstock supply systems at the operational level. For this purpose, the Biomass Logistic Model (BLM) has been linked with the Geographic Information Systems based Biomass Intermodal Transportation model (BIT-UU) and extended with inter-continental transport routes. Case studies of herbaceous and woody biomass, produced in the U.S. Midwest and U.S. Southeast, respectively, and shipped to Europe for conversion to Fischer-Tropsch (FT) diesel are included to demonstrate how intermodal transportation and, in particular, overseas shipping integrates with the bioenergy supply chains. For the cases demonstrated, biomass can be supplied at 99 € Mg-1 to 117 € Mg-1 (dry) and converted to FT-diesel at 19 € GJ-1 to 24 € GJ-1 depending on the feedstock type and location, intermediate (chips or pellets) and size of the FT-diesel production plant. With the flexibility to change the design of supply chains as well as input variables, many alternative supply chain cases can be assessed.

  8. Feed gas contaminant control in ion transport membrane systems

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Carolan, Michael Francis (Allentown, PA); Minford, Eric (Laurys Station, PA); Waldron, William Emil (Whitehall, PA)

    2009-07-07

    Ion transport membrane oxidation system comprising an enclosure having an interior and an interior surface, inlet piping having an internal surface and adapted to introduce a heated feed gas into the interior of the enclosure, and outlet piping adapted to withdraw a product gas from the interior of the enclosure; one or more planar ion transport membrane modules disposed in the interior of the enclosure, each membrane module comprising mixed metal oxide material; and a preheater adapted to heat a feed gas to provide the heated feed gas to the inlet piping, wherein the preheater comprises an interior surface. Any of the interior surfaces of the enclosure, the inlet piping, and the preheater may be lined with a copper-containing metal lining. Alternatively, any of the interior surfaces of the inlet piping and the preheater may be lined with a copper-containing metal lining and the enclosure may comprise copper.

  9. Intelligent Control and Asset Management: A Retrospective Intelligent Control and Asset Management: A Retrospective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, James H.

    Intelligent Control and Asset Management: A Retrospective Intelligent Control and Asset Management system called ICAM, the Intelligent Control and Asset Management system, with specific focus on petroleum. INTRODUCTION Comprehensive asset management and control of a modern process facility can involve many tasks

  10. Radioisotope thermoelectric generator transportation system safety analysis report for packaging. Volumes 1 and 2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ferrell, P.C.

    1996-04-18

    This SARP describes the RTG Transportation System Package, a Type B(U) packaging system that is used to transport an RTG or similar payload. The payload, which is included in this SARP, is a generic, enveloping payload that specifically encompasses the General Purpose Heat Source (GPHS) RTG payload. The package consists of two independent containment systems mounted on a shock isolation transport skid and transported within an exclusive-use trailer.

  11. Preprint version 2011 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems, San Francisco, CA Mutual Localization using Anonymous Bearing Measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Preprint version 2011 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems, San tagging which depends on the specific sensor. However, the definition of an identity tagging is in itself, especially when low-information sensors such as range finders are used, but even with potentially richer

  12. In the First International Conference on Web Services (ICWS), Las Vegas, Nevada, June 23-26, 2003. Proteus: A System for Dynamically Composing and Intelligently Executing Web

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Papadopoulos, Christos

    In the First International Conference on Web Services (ICWS), Las Vegas, Nevada, June 23-26, 2003. 1 Proteus: A System for Dynamically Composing and Intelligently Executing Web Services1 Shahram at will and predict the future. Abstract Many organizations envision web services as an enabling component of Internet

  13. In Journal of Intelligent and Robotic Systems: Theory and Applications. Special Issue on Com putational Aspects of Robot Kinematics, Dynamics, and Control Vol. 9, pp. 121148, 1994.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    In Journal of Intelligent and Robotic Systems: Theory and Applications. Special Issue on Com­ putational Aspects of Robot Kinematics, Dynamics, and Control Vol. 9, pp. 121­148, 1994. Computational Considerations in the Implementation of Force Control Strategies Richard Volpe \\Lambda and Pradeep Khosla y

  14. A Publication of the Texas Transportation Institute Member of The Texas A&M University System Vol. 39 No. 1 2003 Transportation is critical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A Publication of the Texas Transportation Institute · Member of The Texas A&M University System preservation. TEXAS TRANSPORTATION RESEARCHER2 niversity transportation research has made significant will continue to help ensure that the transportation system in Texas and the nation is safe, efficient

  15. International Journal on Artificial Intelligence Tools c World Scientific Publishing Company

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gustafsson, Torgny

    International Journal on Artificial Intelligence Tools c World Scientific Publishing Company: Intelligent tutoring systems; constraint propagation; units 1. Introduction In teaching problem solving, Intelligent Tutoring Systems (ITS) often employ a rigid and explicit framework to guide the student along

  16. Title: Affective Artificial Intelligence for loving robots By Professor Hooman Samani, NTPU, Taiwan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Chaur-Chin

    Title: Affective Artificial Intelligence for loving robots By Professor Hooman Samani, NTPU, Taiwan advanced artificial intelligence system of Lovotics includes an Artificial Endocrine System (based (based on emotions) modules. Psychological unit of the Lovotics artificial intelligence calculates

  17. The Artificial Intelligence (AI) program at the Univer-sity of Michigan comprises a multidisciplinary group

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eustice, Ryan

    The Artificial Intelligence (AI) program at the Univer- sity of Michigan comprises in areas such as healthcare, electronic commerce, and finance. Artificial IntelligenceResearch Bob of intelligent systems. Current projects include research in rational deci- sion making, distributed systems

  18. Coherent Structures and Larval Transport in the California Current System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harrison, Cheryl S.

    2012-01-01

    behavior upwelling winds imply offshore transport and thatcoastal winds drive ocean surface transport offshore,respond to local wind forcing by moving offshore in complex

  19. Texas A&M Transportation Institute Texas A&M University System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas A&M Transportation Institute Texas A&M University System Timothy J. Lomax, Ph.D., P.E. Research Engineer SWUTC Associate Director for Transportation Research at Texas A&M University Texas A&M Transportation Institute Texas A&M University System College Station, Texas 77843 t-lomax@tamu.edu (979) 845

  20. Texas A&M Transportation Institute Texas A&M University System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas A&M Transportation Institute Texas A&M University System H. Gene Hawkins Jr., Ph.D., P Associate Director - Transportation Scholars, TAMU Texas A&M Transportation Institute Texas A&M University System College Station, Texas 77843 ghawkins@civil.tamu.edu (979) 845-9294 Biography Dr. Hawkins

  1. Texas A&M Transportation Institute Texas A&M University System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas A&M Transportation Institute Texas A&M University System Dennis L. Christiansen, Ph.D., P.E. Director, Texas A&M Transportation Institute, and SWUTC Executive Committee Member Texas A&M Transportation Institute Texas A&M University System College Station, Texas 77843 dennis-c@tamu.edu (979) 845

  2. Texas A&M Transportation Institute Texas A&M University System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas A&M Transportation Institute Texas A&M University System Barbara Lorenz Program Coordinator Southwest Region University Transportation Center Texas A&M Transportation Institute Texas A&M University System College Station, Texas 77843 b-lorenz@tamu.edu (979) 845-8861 Biography Barbara Lorenz

  3. Research Statement of Hamsa Balakrishnan The air transportation system is a large, complex, global system that transports over 2.1 billion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Research Statement of Hamsa Balakrishnan The air transportation system is a large, complex, global system that transports over 2.1 billion passengers each year. Air traffic delays have become a huge to the Joint Economic Committee of the US Senate, domestic air traffic delays in 2007 cost airlines over $19

  4. Research Statement of Hamsa Balakrishnan The air transportation system is a complex, global system that transports over 2.1 billion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gummadi, Ramakrishna

    is important because of the high costs of delays and pollution today, as well as the projected doubling in airResearch Statement of Hamsa Balakrishnan The air transportation system is a complex, global system that transports over 2.1 billion passengers each year. Air traffic delays have become a huge problem

  5. Natural convection heat transport in a small, HLMC reactor system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Spencer, B.W.; Sienicki, J.J.; Farmer, M.T.

    1999-09-01

    Concepts are being developed and evaluated at Argonne National Laboratory for a small nuclear steam supply system (NSSS) with proliferation-resistant features targeted for export to developing countries. Here the authors are specifically investigating how simple and compact such a system can be. A heavy-liquid-metal coolant (HLMC) is being considered owing to its excellent heat transport characteristics and its relative inertness with the reference thermodynamic working fluid (water/steam). The purpose of the present work is to explore the possibility to take advantage of these HLMC characteristics by eliminating the intermediate loop needed in sodium-cooled systems and additionally eliminating the primary system coolant pumps. The criteria imposed on the system include the following: (1) low power, i.e., 300 MW(thermal); (2) small size for factory fabrication and overland transportation; (3) elimination of fuel access at the site (no refueling, fuel shuffling, nor storage at site); integral fueled module replacement at 15-yr goal interval; and (4) completion of all research and development needed for detailed prototype design within 5 yr. To accomplish the latter requirement, the authors are addressing whether existing coolant and materials technology is capable of supporting the sought-after simplifications. In this regard, they are at present considering technology developed in Russia for Pb-Bi eutectic as a reactor coolant and ferritic-martensitic stainless steel with oxide-layer corrosion protection as cladding. The figure of merit in the investigation is the peak cladding temperature insofar as the cladding technology is considered proven to {approximately}600 C.

  6. Symbolic diagnosis for intelligent control 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Painter, John H.; Jowers, S.

    1988-08-24

    power systems. The approach is to create a generic, symbolic inference engine to interpret data from real-time numerical processes. The interpreted data are then utilized by companion symbolic and numeric modules resulting in a dynamic, intelligent real...

  7. Propulsive options for a manned Mars transportation system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Braun, R.D.; Blersch, D.J.

    1989-01-01

    In this investigation, five potential manned Mars transportation systems are compared. These options include: (1) a single vehicle, chemically propelled (CHEM) option, (2) a single vehicle, nuclear thermal propulsion (NTP) option, (3) a single vehicle solar electric propulsion (SEP) option, (4) a single vehicle hybrid nuclear electric propulsion (NEP)/CHEM option, and (5) a dual vehicle option (NEP cargo spacecraft and CHEM manned vehicle). In addition to utilizing the initial vehicle weight in low-earth orbit as a measure of mission feasibility, this study addresses the major technological barriers each propulsive scenario must surpass. It is shown that instead of a single clearly superior propulsion system, each means of propulsion may be favored depending upon the specified program policy and the extent of the desired manned flight time. Furthermore, the effect which aerobraking and multiple transfer cycles have upon mission feasibility is considered. 18 refs.

  8. Anti-Zeno Effect for Quantum Transport in Disordered Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keisuke Fujii; Katsuji Yamamoto

    2010-10-21

    We demonstrate that repeated measurements in disordered systems can induce quantum anti-Zeno effect under certain condition to enhance quantum transport. The enhancement of energy transfer is really exhibited with a simple model under repeated measurements. The optimal measurement interval for the anti-Zeno effect and the maximal efficiency of energy transfer are specified in terms of the relevant physical parameters. Since the environment acts as frequent measurements on the system, the decoherence-induced energy transfer, which has been discussed recently for photosynthetic complexes, may be interpreted in terms of the anti-Zeno effect. We further find an interesting phenomenon, where local decoherence or repeated measurements may even promote entanglement generation between the non-local sites.

  9. Decentralized Control of Networked Systems: Information Asymmetries and Limitations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johansson, Karl Henrik

    as they appear in many emerging applications, such as intelligent transportation systems, smart grids, and energy continuous support of my study and research, and also for his patience, motivation, enthusiasm, and immense

  10. Aggregation improves learning: experiments in natural language generation for intelligent tutoring systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . #12;Figure 1: The furnace system Fig. 1 shows the furnace, one subsystem of the home heating system

  11. Modeling interfacial area transport in multi-fluid systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yarbro, S.L.

    1996-11-01

    Many typical chemical engineering operations are multi-fluid systems. They are carried out in distillation columns (vapor/liquid), liquid-liquid contactors (liquid/liquid) and other similar devices. An important parameter is interfacial area concentration, which determines the rate of interfluid heat, mass and momentum transfer and ultimately, the overall performance of the equipment. In many cases, the models for determining interfacial area concentration are empirical and can only describe the cases for which there is experimental data. In an effort to understand multiphase reactors and the mixing process better, a multi-fluid model has been developed as part of a research effort to calculate interfacial area transport in several different types of in-line static mixers. For this work, the ensemble-averaged property conservation equations have been derived for each fluid and for the mixture. These equations were then combined to derive a transport equation for the interfacial area concentration. The final, one-dimensional model was compared to interfacial area concentration data from two sizes of Kenics in-line mixer, two sizes of concurrent jet and a Tee mixer. In all cases, the calculated and experimental data compared well with the highest scatter being with the Tee mixer comparison.

  12. Functional requirements for the Automated Transportation Management System: TTP number: RL 439002

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Portsmouth, J.H. [Westinghouse Hanford Co., Richland, WA (United States)

    1992-12-31

    This requirements analysis, documents Department of Energy (DOE) transportation management procedures for the purpose of providing a clear and mutual understanding between users and designers of the proposed Automated Transportation Management System (ATMS). It is imperative that one understand precisely how DOE currently performs traffic management tasks; only then can an integrated system be proposed that successfully satisfies the major requirements of transportation managers and other system users. Accordingly, this report describes the current workings of DOE transportation organizations and then proposes a new system which represents a synthesis of procedures (both current and desired) which forms the basis for further systems development activities.

  13. Preliminary Analysis Framework for State Sustainable Transportation system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Naganathan, Hariharan

    2013-12-31

    Sustainable practices have become the cornerstone of the transportation sector, and widely adopted by many states' transportation agencies. The nerve center of the economic development today circles around resource utilization and energy use...

  14. Design and scenario assessment for collaborative logistics and freight transport systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Design and scenario assessment for collaborative logistics and freight transport systems Jesus Collaboration between partners is a very popular subject in both logistics and decision support research of logistics and freight transport, as well as to describe the links between freight transport and supply chain

  15. VAPOUR PHASE CHEMICAL TRANSPORT PROPERTIES OF THE CADMIUM TELLURIDE-IODINE SYSTEM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    , it was shown that no iodine chemical transport is possible in closed tubes in the hot-cold direction, but only was explained in terms of a reverse (cold-hot) iodine transport associated with a reduced sublimation tendency155 VAPOUR PHASE CHEMICAL TRANSPORT PROPERTIES OF THE CADMIUM TELLURIDE-IODINE SYSTEM C. PAORICI

  16. Intelligent mobile sensor system for drum inspection and monitoring: Phase 1. Topical report, October 1, 1992--June 8, 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-06-01

    The objective of this project was to develop an operational system for monitoring and inspection activities for waste storage facility operations at several DOE sites. Specifically, the product of this effort is a robotic device with enhanced intelligence and maneuverability capable of conducting routine inspection of stored waste drums. The device is capable of operating in narrow aisles and interpolating the free aisle space between rows of stacked drums. The system has an integrated sensor suite for leak detection, and is interfaced with a site database both for inspection planning and for data correlation, updating, and report generation. The system is capable of departing on an assigned mission, collecting required data, recording which positions of its mission had to be aborted or modified due to environmental constraints, and reporting back when the mission is complete. Successful identification of more than 90% of all drum defects has been demonstrated in a high fidelity waste storage facility mockup. Identified anomalies included rust spots, rust streaks, areas of corrosion, dents, and tilted drums. All drums were positively identified and correlated with the site database. This development effort is separated into three phases of which phase one is now complete. The first phase has demonstrated an integrated system for monitoring and inspection activities for waste storage facility operations. This demonstration system was quickly fielded and evaluated by leveraging technologies developed from previous NASA and DARPA contracts and internal research. The second phase will demonstrate a prototype system appropriate for operational use in an actual storage facility. The prototype provides an integrated design that considers operational requirements, hardware costs, maintenance, safety, and robustness. The final phase will demonstrate commercial viability using the prototype vehicle in a pilot waste operations and inspection project.

  17. Intelligent Building Energy Information and Control Systems for Low-Energy Operations and Optimal Demand Response

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Piette, Mary Ann

    2014-01-01

    Co?simulation  of  Building  Energy  and  Control  Systems Development  in  Building  Energy  and  Control  Systems.  by  the  Assistant  Secretary  for  Energy  Efficiency  and 

  18. Technology Evaluation and Integration Group: Center for Transportation Technologies and Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2008-08-01

    Fact sheet describes the specialized work done by NREL's Technology Evaluation and Integration Group in the Center for Transportation Technologies and Systems.

  19. Toward new solid and liquid phase systems for the containment, transport and delivery of hydrogen

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Toward new solid and liquid phase systems for the containment, transport and delivery of hydrogen.Solid and liquid hydrogen carriers for use in hydrogen storage and delivery.

  20. Artificial Intelligence and Robotics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brady, Michael

    1984-02-01

    Since Robotics is the field concerned with the connection of perception to action, Artificial Intelligence must have a central role in Robotics if the connection is to be intelligent. Artificial Intelligence addresses ...

  1. P. Guturu et al.: Message Replication and Consumer Database Synchronization Algorithms and System for Highly Available High Performance Intelligent Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guturu, Parthasarathy

    consumer satisfaction, intelligent network services such as the prepaid card service need to be built upon) Patent #6,826,182, and ii) Patent #6,581,075. Parthasarathy Guturu is with the Electrical Engineering

  2. Integration of renewable energy sources: reliability-constrained power system planning and operations using computational intelligence 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Lingfeng

    2009-05-15

    studied in the dissertation include reliability evaluation of power systems with time-dependent energy sources, multi-objective design of hybrid generation systems, risk and cost tradeoff in economic dispatch with wind power penetration, optimal placement...

  3. System design and dynamic signature identification for intelligent energy management in residential buildings.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jang, Jaehwi

    2008-01-01

    Drewer and D. Gann, Smart buildings, Journal of Facilities ,smart energy management system specically for residential buildings.buildings is rooted in relative eectiveness per system by a smart

  4. Transportation Planning & Decision Science Group Transportation Systems Research Group Diane Davidson Keith Kahl

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicle Technology and Prospects for the Future" P.T. Jones ­ "Dynamic Wireless Power-Board Storage Pressure for Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicles" Poster Presentations: Stacy Davis ­ "Transportation

  5. Transportation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservationBio-Inspired SolarAbout / Transforming Y-12Capacity-Forum Sign InTransportation

  6. System design and dynamic signature identification for intelligent energy management in residential buildings.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jang, Jaehwi

    2008-01-01

    layer. In order to test wireless relay and price indicator,Relay As mentioned, the system failure during eld test has

  7. Generation of museum web pages: The intelligent labelling explorer. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hitzeman, Janet; Mellish, Chris; Oberlander, Jon

    1997-01-01

    The first phase of the Intelligent Labelling Explorer project has built the ILEX-1.1 system, which uses artificial intelligence technology to generate descriptions of objects displayed in a museum gallery. Each description ...

  8. TransDec: A Data-Driven Framework for Decision-Making in Transportation Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shahabi, Cyrus

    Transportation Systems). The RIITS dataset is collected by various organizations based in Los Angeles County1 TransDec: A Data-Driven Framework for Decision-Making in Transportation Systems Ugur Demiryurek Los Angeles, CA 90089-0781 [demiryur, banaeika, shahabi]@usc.edu ABSTRACT In this paper, we present

  9. Wood Transportation Systems-A Spin-Off of a Computerized Information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wood Transportation Systems-A Spin-Off of a Computerized Information and Mapping Technique William of the system to determine the allocation and association of wood sources and markets. INTRODUCTION In December strategies of wood origins and potential markets to be correlated very accurately and rapidly. Transportation

  10. Electron Transport Line for Mu2e Calibration System , John Alsterdaa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gollin, George

    1 Electron Transport Line for Mu2e Calibration System Tim Hea , John Alsterdaa , Grace Bluhma are calculated for each simulation run. The transport line coordinate system has its x and y axes parallel axes while the envelope of initial electron trajectories is centered on the x-axis. 1 Contact person

  11. Texas A&M Transportation Institute Texas A&M University System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas A&M Transportation Institute Texas A&M University System Herbert H. Richardson, Sc.D. Director Emeritus, TTI Chancellor Emeritus, TAMUS, and Chairman, SWUTC Executive Committee Texas A&M Transportation Institute Texas A&M University System College Station, Texas 77843 herbert

  12. Expansion joint for guideway for magnetic levitation transportation system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Rossing, T.D.

    1993-02-09

    An expansion joint that allows a guideway of a magnetic levitation transportation system to expand and contract while minimizing transients occurring in the magnetic lift and drag forces acting on a magnetic levitation vehicle traveling over the joint includes an upper cut or recess extending downwardly from the upper surface of the guideway and a non-intersecting lower cut or recess that extends upwardly from the lower surface of the guideway. The side walls of the cuts can be parallel to each other and the vertical axis of the guideway; the depth of the lower cut can be greater than the depth of the upper cut; and the overall combined lengths of the cuts can be greater than the thickness of the guideway from the upper to lower surface so that the cuts will overlap, but be spaced apart from each other. The distance between the cuts can be determined on the basis of the force transients and the mechanical behavior of the guideway. A second pair of similarly configured upper and lower cuts may be disposed in the guideway; the expansion joint may consist of two upper cuts and one lower cut; or the cuts may have non-parallel, diverging side walls so that the cuts have a substantially dove-tail shape.

  13. IZ-CON: an intelligent zone controller for building systems operation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahdavi, A.; Schub, M.

    2012-01-01

    ://zuse.ucc.ie/campus21/. CIBSE 2000. Guide H: Building Control Systems. Butterworth-Heinemann; ISBN: 978- 0750650472. Franklin, G. F., Powell, J. D., Emami-Naeini, A. 2006. Feedback control of dynamic systems ? 5.th edition; Pearson Prentice Hall; New Jersey; ISBN: 0-13-149930-0... Futures Conference (Martens, B. and Brown A.: Editors). Springer, The Netherlands. ISBN-10 1-4020-3460-1. pp. 23 ? 40. Mahdavi, A. 2008. Predictive Simulation-Based Lighting and Shading Systems Control in Buildings. Building Simulation, an International...

  14. Vehicle routing and scheduling for the ultra short haul transportation system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Barry C.

    1979-01-01

    A method of vehicle routing and scheduling for an air based intraurban transportation system is developed. The maximization of level of service to passengers in a system operating under time varying demand is considered ...

  15. Study on The Intelligence Control System of Artificial Cooling Source in Architecture 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Z.; Xu, X.

    2006-01-01

    To overcome the shortcoming of constant temperature and humidity in artificial cooling source control system, a dynamic indoor temperature control strategy was put forward under health and thermal comfortable principles. With a lump human model...

  16. Applying an intelligent and automated emissions measurement system to characterize the RF environment for supporting wireless technologies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Keebler, P. F.; Phipps, K. O. [EPRI Solutions, 942 Corridor Park Blvd, Knoxville, TN 37932 (United States)

    2006-07-01

    The use of wireless technologies in commercial and industrial facilities has grown significantly in the past several years. New applications of wireless technologies with increasing frequency and varying radiated power are being developed everyday. Wireless application specialists and end users have already identified several sources of electromagnetic interference (EMI) in these facilities. Interference has been reported between wireless devices and between these devices and other types of electronic equipment either using frequencies in the unlicensed wireless spectrum or equipment that may generate undesired man-made noise in this spectrum. Facilities that are not using the wireless band should verify the spectral quality of that band and the electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) integrity of safety-related power and signal cables before installing wireless technologies. With the introduction of new wireless devices in the same electromagnetic space where analog and digital I and C systems and cables must co-exist, the ability of facility managers to manage their spectra will dictate the degree of interference between wireless devices and other electronic equipment. Because of the unknowns associated with interference with analog and digital I and C systems in the wireless band, nuclear power plants have been slow to introduce wireless technologies in plant areas. With the application of newly developed advanced radiated emissions measurement systems that can record, process, and analyze radiated and conducted emissions in a cost-effective manner, facility managers can more reliably characterize potential locations for wireless technologies, including potential coupling effects with safety-related power and signal cables, with increased confidence that the risks associated with creating an interference can be significantly reduced. This paper will present an effective philosophy already being used in other mission-critical applications for managing EMC, an overview of wireless emissions sources, the need for EMC characterization of power and signal cables with exposure to wireless devices, and an intelligent and automated emissions measurement system. Such a system can be used in nuclear power plants to determine the spectral quality of the wireless band, the EMC characterization of power and signal cables, and if wireless technologies can be collocated in plants while reducing the risk of interference with I and C systems. (authors)

  17. Feed gas contaminant removal in ion transport membrane systems

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Underwood, Richard Paul (Allentown, PA); Makitka, III, Alexander (Hatfield, PA); Carolan, Michael Francis (Allentown, PA)

    2012-04-03

    An oxygen ion transport membrane process wherein a heated oxygen-containing gas having one or more contaminants is contacted with a reactive solid material to remove the one or more contaminants. The reactive solid material is provided as a deposit on a support. The one or more contaminant compounds in the heated oxygen-containing gas react with the reactive solid material. The contaminant-depleted oxygen-containing gas is contacted with a membrane, and oxygen is transported through the membrane to provide transported oxygen.

  18. The characterization of a vision-based navigation system for spacecraft proximity operations and on-orbit maintenance 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Effinger, Robert T

    2013-02-22

    To transport humans into space routinely and safely a spacecraft must be capable of proximity operations (maneuvers close to other spacecraft), and on-orbit maintenance. These operations require an intelligent system that identifies and informs...

  19. A historical perspective of remote operations and robotics in nuclear facilities. Robotics and Intelligent Systems Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Herndon, J.N.

    1992-12-31

    The field of remote technology is continuing to evolve to support man`s efforts to perform tasks in hostile environments. The technology which we recognize today as remote technology has evolved over the last 45 years to support human operations in hostile environments such as nuclear fission and fusion, space, underwater, hazardous chemical, and hazardous manufacturing. The four major categories of approach to remote technology have been (1) protective clothing and equipment for direct human entry, (2) extended reach tools using distance for safety, (3) telemanipulators with barriers for safety, and (4) teleoperators incorporating mobility with distance and/or barriers for safety. The government and commercial nuclear industry has driven the development of the majority of the actual teleoperator hardware available today. This hardware has been developed largely due to the unsatisfactory performance of the protective-clothing approach in many hostile applications. Manipulation systems which have been developed include crane/impact wrench systems, unilateral power manipulators, mechanical master/slaves, and servomanipulators. Viewing systems have included periscopes, shield windows, and television systems. Experience over the past 45 years indicates that maintenance system flexibility is essential to typical repair tasks because they are usually not repetitive, structured, or planned. Fully remote design (manipulation, task provisions, remote tooling, and facility synergy) is essential to work task efficiency. Work for space applications has been primarily research oriented with relatively few successful space applications, although the shuttle`s remote manipulator system has been quite successful. In the last decade, underwater applications have moved forward significantly, with the offshore oil industry and military applications providing the primary impetus.

  20. Artificial Intelligence Daniel Polani

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Polani, Daniel

    Artificial Intelligence Daniel Polani Artificial Intelligence ­ p.1/26 Is it AI? 1. text editor 2 12. Turing test contenders Artificial Intellige The Turing Test: is partner human or not? See: e.g. [Saygin et al., 2000] Artificial Intelligence ­ p.3/26 The Turing Test II

  1. PVSAT-2: INTELLIGENT PERFORMANCE CHECK OF PV SYSTEM OPERATION BASED ON SATELLITE DATA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heinemann, Detlev

    a Dept. of Energy and Semiconductor Research, University of Oldenburg, D-26111 Oldenburg, Germany b, D-86152 Augsburg Germany e Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems, Heidenhofstraße2, D-79110-back rates for PV energy (0.5/kWh in Germany since spring 2000, similar initiatives are foreseen in other

  2. Transportation system modeling using the High Level Architecture 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Melouk, Sharif

    2004-09-30

    support software in the transportation arena; (3) determine the usability of methods developed by the military to test for HLA compliance on traffic simulation models; and (4) examine the possibility of using the HLA to create Internet-based virtual...

  3. On the solute transport in an aquifer-aquitard system 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bian, Aiguo

    2009-05-15

    in the aquitard, retardation and radioactive decay in the aquifer and aquitard are taken into account. Mass exchange via diffusion between the aquifer and aquitard are investigated. The effects of hydrologic properties of the aquitard on solute transport...

  4. Computerized schedule construction for an airbus transportation system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simpson, R. W.

    1966-01-01

    As part of a continuing study of the application of V/STOL aircraft to the transportation problems of the Northeast Corridor, the U.S. Department of Commerce has requested that detailed data be developed on schedules, ...

  5. Transport coefficients of D1-D5-P system and the membrane paradigm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yuya Sasai

    2012-01-12

    I discuss a correspondence between string theory and the black hole membrane paradigm in the context of the D1-D5-P system. By using the Kubo formula, I calculate transport coefficients of the effective string model induced by two kinds of minimal scalars. Then, I show that these transport coefficients exactly agree with the corresponding membrane transport coefficients of a five-dimensional near-extremal black hole with three charges.

  6. Artificial Intelligence and Intrusion Detection: Current and Future Jeremy Frank

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yoo, S. J. Ben

    Artificial Intelligence and Intrusion Detection: Current and Future Directions Jeremy Frank frank. Artificial Intelligence techniques can reduce the human effort required to build these systems and can data. We survey uses of artificial intelligence methods in ID, and present an example using feature

  7. Artificial Intelligence in the Factory of the Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fox, Mark S.

    Artificial Intelligence in the Factory of the Future Ma rk S. Fox Intelligent Systems Laboratory goal to explore the application of artificial intelligence to mansgerial and professional problems,tk:s Institute of Carnegie-Mellon University. IMS is a long term project concerned with applying artificial

  8. SEDIMENT TRANSPORT AND DEPOSITION IN THE OK TEDI-FLY RIVER SYSTEM, PAPUA NEW GUINEA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parker, Gary

    SEDIMENT TRANSPORT AND DEPOSITION IN THE OK TEDI-FLY RIVER SYSTEM, PAPUA NEW GUINEA: THE MODELING. This sediment flows from the Ok Tedi to the Fly River, eventually reaching the Gulf of Papua. This document River. The second author of this report has been served as the sediment transport consultant for Ok Tedi

  9. HYDROLOGIC ISSUES IN ARID, UNSATURATED SYSTEMS AND IMPLICATIONS FOR CONTAMINANT TRANSPORT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scanlon, Bridget R.

    being proposed for low-level and high-level radioactive waste disposal [Montazer and Wilson, 1984HYDROLOGIC ISSUES IN ARID, UNSATURATED SYSTEMS AND IMPLICATIONS FOR CONTAMINANT TRANSPORT Bridget R Science University of Arizona, Tucson Abstract. Analysis of unsaturated flow and transport in arid regions

  10. Transport and coastal zooplankton communities in the northern California Current system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kurapov, Alexander

    Transport and coastal zooplankton communities in the northern California Current system Hongsheng 13 May 2011; published 25 June 2011. [1] Alongshore transport was estimated from the gridded AVISO altimeter data and water level data from NOAA tide gauges (1993­2010) for the northern California Current

  11. Automated system for removal and pneumatic transport of fly ash from electric precipitator hoppers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    V.K. Konovalov; O.V. Yashkin; V.V. Ermakov

    2008-03-15

    A system for removal and pneumatic transport of fly ash is examined, in which air pulses act on batches (pistons) of ash formed in a duct. Studies are made of the effect of several physical parameters on the force required to displace a piston of ash and these serve as a basis for choosing a system for removal and pneumatic transport of ash simultaneously from several hoppers of an electric precipitator. This makes it possible to separate the ash particles according to size without introducing additional components. Formulas are given for calculating the structural and dynamic parameters of this system and measurements of indirect dynamic parameters are used to calculate the input-output characteristics of the system. In order to optimize the system, configurations for summing several ducts into a single transport duct for pneumatic ash transport are proposed. Some variants of dry ash utilization and the advantages of producing of size-separated particles are considered.

  12. Lattice gas automata for flow and transport in geochemical systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Janecky, D.R.; Chen, S.; Dawson, S.; Eggert, K.C.; Travis, B.J.

    1992-05-01

    Lattice gas automata models are described, which couple solute transport with chemical reactions at mineral surfaces within pore networks. Diffusion in a box calculations are illustrated, which compare directly with Fickian diffusion. Chemical reactions at solid surfaces, including precipitation/dissolution, sorption, and catalytic reaction, can be examined with the model because hydrodynamic transport, solute diffusion and mineral surface processes are all treated explicitly. The simplicity and flexibility of the approach provides the ability to study the interrelationship between fluid flow and chemical reactions in porous materials, at a level of complexity that has not previously been computationally possible.

  13. Lattice gas automata for flow and transport in geochemical systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Janecky, D.R.; Chen, S.; Dawson, S.; Eggert, K.C.; Travis, B.J.

    1992-01-01

    Lattice gas automata models are described, which couple solute transport with chemical reactions at mineral surfaces within pore networks. Diffusion in a box calculations are illustrated, which compare directly with Fickian diffusion. Chemical reactions at solid surfaces, including precipitation/dissolution, sorption, and catalytic reaction, can be examined with the model because hydrodynamic transport, solute diffusion and mineral surface processes are all treated explicitly. The simplicity and flexibility of the approach provides the ability to study the interrelationship between fluid flow and chemical reactions in porous materials, at a level of complexity that has not previously been computationally possible.

  14. Transportation Sector Model of the National Energy Modeling System. Volume 2 -- Appendices: Part 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1998-01-01

    This volume contains input data and parameters used in the model of the transportation sector of the National Energy Modeling System. The list of Transportation Sector Model variables includes parameters for the following: Light duty vehicle modules (fuel economy, regional sales, alternative fuel vehicles); Light duty vehicle stock modules; Light duty vehicle fleet module; Air travel module (demand model and fleet efficiency model); Freight transport module; Miscellaneous energy demand module; and Transportation emissions module. Also included in these appendices are: Light duty vehicle market classes; Maximum light duty vehicle market penetration parameters; Aircraft fleet efficiency model adjustment factors; and List of expected aircraft technology improvements.

  15. Integrated transport and renewable energy systems B. V. Mathiesen*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    on second generation biofuel production for the substitution of oil products [4]. Worldwide, the focus it. Biomass is a limited resource and it is important to avoid effecting the production, transport gains increasing international attention due to its large oil dependency of app. 95 per cent

  16. Controlling chaotic transport in Hamiltonian systems Guido Ciraolo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    in "turbulent" electric fields across the confining magnetic field in controlled thermonuclear fusion devices thermonuclear fusion, [1]. Anomalous transport, being of noncollisional origin, is currently attributed to the presence of turbulent fluctuations of - mainly - electric field in fusion plasmas. Several years ago

  17. A new model for the transport of particles in a thermostatted system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rondoni, Lamberto

    ]). The purpose is to understand transport phenomena on the basis of the microscopic dynamics and, in partic- ular particles) are of course less realistic than interacting particle systems. They are indeed good models

  18. Electrical characterization of non-Fickian transport in groundwater and hyporheic systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singha, Kamini

    Electrical characterization of non-Fickian transport in groundwater and hyporheic systems Kamini be quantified by combining electrical geophysical methods and electrically conductive tracers. Whereas direct geochemical measurements of solute preferentially sample the mobile domain, electrical geophysical methods

  19. 1.221J / 11.527J / ESD.201J Transportation Systems, Fall 2002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sussman, Joseph

    Introduces transportation as a large-scale, integrated system that interacts directly with the social, political, and economic aspects of contemporary society. Fundamental elements and issues shaping passenger and freight ...

  20. An Analysis of the Dynamics of the US Commercial Air Transportation System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tam, Ryan

    Major trends in the airline industry are analyzed to highlight key dynamics that govern the US domestic air transportation system. The hypothesis is that air travel supply and demand equilibriums, a reliance on outside ...

  1. Framework for designing regional planning architecture for APTS-enabled regional multimodal public transportation system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zakaria, Zulina

    2004-01-01

    Unsustainable transportation systems have been the cause of many problems facing urban areas around the world. Lack of regard for sustainable development considerations by those responsible for planning and implementing ...

  2. Intelligent Economic Alarm Processor (IEAP) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guan, Yufan

    2013-08-06

    ): ?The 21st Substation Design?, and ??Verifying Interoperability and Application Performance of PMUs and PMU-enabled IEDs at the Device and System Level?. The fourth one is funded by Advanced Research Agency- Energy (ARPA-E) through Green Electricity... Energy Management System MMS Market Management System SCADA Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition PMU Phasor Measurement Unit IED Intelligent Electronic Device ISO Independent System Operator SPS Special Protection Schemes ATC Available...

  3. Feedback in Intelligent Computer-Assisted Language Learning and Second Language Acquisition: A study of its effect on the acquisition of French past tense aspect using an Intelligent Language Tutoring System 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hanson, Ruth Mary

    2008-01-01

    Questions surrounding the impact of feedback in response to learner error are of interest in the fields of both Second Language Acquisition (SLA) and Intelligent Computer-Assisted Language Learning (ICALL). Current ...

  4. Encyclopedia of Artificial Intelligence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liang, Faming

    Encyclopedia of Artificial Intelligence Juan Ramón Rabuñal Dopico University of A Coruña, Spain of artificial intelligence / Juan Ramon Rabunal Dopico, Julian Dorado de la Calle, and Alejandro Pazos Sierra) -- ISBN 978-1-59904-850-5 (ebook) 1. Artificial intelligence--Encyclopedias. I. Rabunal, Juan Ramon, 1973

  5. Advanced Vehicles Group: Center for Transportation Technologies and Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2008-08-01

    Describes R&D in advanced vehicle systems and components (e.g., batteries) by NREL's Advanced Vehicles Group.

  6. Quantum transport and counting statistics in closed systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maya Chuchem; Doron Cohen

    2009-12-09

    A current can be induced in a closed device by changing control parameters. The amount $Q$ of particles that are transported via a path of motion, is characterized by its expectation value $$, and by its variance $Var(Q)$. We show that quantum mechanics invalidates some common conceptions about this statistics. We first consider the process of a double path crossing, which is the prototype example for counting statistics in multiple path non-trivial geometry. We find out that contrary to the common expectation, this process does not lead to partition noise. Then we analyze a full stirring cycle that consists of a sequence of two Landau-Zener crossings. We find out that quite generally counting statistics and occupation statistics become unrelated, and that quantum interference affects them in different ways.

  7. Transfer stations and long-haul transport systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walsh, P.; Pferdehirt, W.; O'Leary, P. (Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States). Solid and Hazardous Waste Education Center)

    1993-12-01

    Transfer stations can be an important link between pickup at the curb and ultimate disposal, often allowing significant savings in the total costs to move wastes from the generator to the disposal site. A transfer station is simply a facility where collection trucks bring collected materials for loading into larger vehicles and subsequent shipment, usually to a landfill, waste-to-energy plant, or composting facility. Transferred wastes are typically shipped out in large trailers, but barges and railroad cars are also transport options. Although modern transfer stations usually include some provisions for handling recyclables, solid waste transfer dominates the operation of most facilities. Some communities have begun experimenting with transferring commingled, source-separated recyclables to regional processing centers. Transfer facilities can be as simple as a pavement slab and a front-end loader. Alternatively, transfer stations can cost millions of dollars and move thousands of tons of waste each day.

  8. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INTELLIGENT TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS, VOL. 8, NO. 2, JUNE 2007 245 Vehicle Classification Based on the Radar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    such as truck volume estimating, traffic planning, roadway tolling, etc.; see e.g., [1]­[4] and references. Another strength is that MW radar sensors are largely immune to adverse weather and light conditions

  9. 1266 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INTELLIGENT TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS, VOL. 14, NO. 3, SEPTEMBER 2013 Vehicles Meet Infrastructure: Toward CapacityCost

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Xuemin "Sherman"

    deployment solutions in terms of capital ex- penditures (CAPEX) and operational expenditures (OPEX). The rich

  10. Accepted for publication in Journal of Intelligent Transportation Systems Gaussian Mixture Model-Based Speed Estimation and Vehicle Classification1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Washington at Seattle, University of

    ; Guohui Zhang2 ; Jonathan Corey1 ; Yinhai Wang1* 3 1 Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87106 USA6 * Corresponding author7 8 Abstract:9 Traffic speed and length to the heavy weight of these vehicles when they are fully5 loaded, they significantly impact pavement life

  11. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INTELLIGENT TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS, VOL. 1, NO. 4, DECEMBER 2000 199 A Probabilistic Approach to Aircraft Conflict

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sastry, S. Shankar

    technological advances such as powerful on-board computers, advanced flight management sys- tems (FMS predefined jetways without the possi- bility of selecting optimal routes and utilizing favorable winds (with a few exceptions at altitudes where the air traffic density is low); · a centralized, mostly human

  12. 1438 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INTELLIGENT TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS, VOL. 14, NO. 3, SEPTEMBER 2013 Modeling Pedestrian Crossing Paths

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Changxu (Sean)

    Modeling Pedestrian Crossing Paths at Unmarked Roadways Xiangling Zhuang and Changxu Wu, Member, IEEE Abstract--At the unmarked roadway, pedestrians cross the road with changing speeds and directions under- stand pedestrian behaviors and finally facilitate their safety, this paper modeled pedestrian

  13. 380 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INTELLIGENT TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS, VOL. 10, NO. 3, SEPTEMBER 2009 Stereo-Based Pedestrian Detection for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhu, Zhigang

    -Based Pedestrian Detection for Collision-Avoidance Applications Sergiu Nedevschi, Member, IEEE, Silviu Bota, and Corneliu Tomiuc Abstract--Pedestrians are the most vulnerable participants in urban traffic. The first step toward protecting pedestrians is to reliably detect them. We present a new approach for standing

  14. Microfluidic systems and methods for transport and lysis of cells and analysis of cell lysate

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Culbertson, Christopher T [Oak Ridge, TN; Jacobson, Stephen C [Knoxville, TN; McClain, Maxine A [Knoxville, TN; Ramsey, J Michael [Knoxville, TN

    2008-09-02

    Microfluidic systems and methods are disclosed which are adapted to transport and lyse cellular components of a test sample for analysis. The disclosed microfluidic systems and methods, which employ an electric field to rupture the cell membrane, cause unusually rapid lysis, thereby minimizing continued cellular activity and resulting in greater accuracy of analysis of cell processes.

  15. Research Positionsfor Development of Novel Green Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Systems for Transportation Vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bahrami, Majid

    in refrigeration and heat pump systems, HVAC, porous media development/characterization, transport phenomena of compact and lightweight heat exchangers for evaporator and condenser; v) Development of heatdriven storage for service vehicles; vii) Development of sustainable hybrid A/C systems featuring desiccant

  16. Quantum pumping in closed systems, adiabatic transport, and the Kubo formula Doron Cohen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, Doron

    Quantum pumping in closed systems, adiabatic transport, and the Kubo formula Doron Cohen Department received 30 June 2003; published 3 October 2003 Quantum pumping in closed systems is considered. We explain that the Kubo formula contains all the physically relevant ingredients for the calculation of the pumped charge

  17. A faster numerical scheme for a coupled system modelling soil erosion and sediment transport

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    d'Orléans, Université

    A faster numerical scheme for a coupled system modelling soil erosion and sediment transport M flow and the bed sediment, are classically described by a well-established system coupling the shallow states and the positivity of both water depth and sediment concentration. Recently, finite volume schemes

  18. Multicomponent Transport of Sulfate in a Goethite-Silica Sand System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sparks, Donald L.

    Multicomponent Transport of Sulfate in a Goethite-Silica Sand System at Variable pH and Ionic sand column. The agreement between the experiments and the predictions is very good, especially of a goethite-coated silica sand column, which is similar to systems used in our earlier work (1, 2

  19. Microfluidic systems and methods of transport and lysis of cells and analysis of cell lysate

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Culbertson, Christopher T.; Jacobson, Stephen C.; McClain, Maxine A.; Ramsey, J. Michael

    2004-08-31

    Microfluidic systems and methods are disclosed which are adapted to transport and lyse cellular components of a test sample for analysis. The disclosed microfluidic systems and methods, which employ an electric field to rupture the cell membrane, cause unusually rapid lysis, thereby minimizing continued cellular activity and resulting in greater accuracy of analysis of cell processes.

  20. Cost Analysis of Fuel Cell Systems for Transportation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    /FreedomCar guidelines. Packaging (Piping, Electrical, .....) Start-up Power (battery); Anode Tailgas Burner Included in DOE PEMFC System Analyzed Fuel Tank · Power Conditioning · Electric Motor · Electric Drive Train · Regenerative Braking System (Battery) Managers (Controllers and Sensors) Air Thermal Water Safety Other: · AC

  1. Robotic intelligence kernel

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bruemmer, David J. (Idaho Falls, ID)

    2009-11-17

    A robot platform includes perceptors, locomotors, and a system controller. The system controller executes a robot intelligence kernel (RIK) that includes a multi-level architecture and a dynamic autonomy structure. The multi-level architecture includes a robot behavior level for defining robot behaviors, that incorporate robot attributes and a cognitive level for defining conduct modules that blend an adaptive interaction between predefined decision functions and the robot behaviors. The dynamic autonomy structure is configured for modifying a transaction capacity between an operator intervention and a robot initiative and may include multiple levels with at least a teleoperation mode configured to maximize the operator intervention and minimize the robot initiative and an autonomous mode configured to minimize the operator intervention and maximize the robot initiative. Within the RIK at least the cognitive level includes the dynamic autonomy structure.

  2. Systems and methods for selective hydrogen transport and measurement

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Glatzmaier, Gregory C

    2013-10-29

    Systems and methods for selectively removing hydrogen gas from a hydrogen-containing fluid volume are disclosed. An exemplary system includes a proton exchange membrane (PEM) selectively permeable to hydrogen by exclusively conducting hydrogen ions. The system also includes metal deposited as layers onto opposite sides or faces of the PEM to form a membrane-electrode assembly (MEA), each layer functioning as an electrode so that the MEA functions as an electrochemical cell in which the ionic conductors are hydrogen ions, and the MEA functioning as a hydrogen selective membrane (HSM) when located at the boundary between a hydrogen-containing fluid volume and a second fluid.

  3. Tuning energy transport in solar thermal systems using nanostructured materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lenert, Andrej

    2014-01-01

    Solar thermal energy conversion can harness the entire solar spectrum and theoretically achieve very high efficiencies while interfacing with thermal storage or back-up systems for dispatchable power generation. Nanostructured ...

  4. Intelligent Storage Consortium A Center of the Institute of Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    Intelligent Storage Consortium A Center of the Institute of Technology MEMBERSHIP ADVANTAGES I opportunities MISSION Explores pre-competitive development of intelligent object-based storage systems I, and public sector I OBJECTS INTERCONNECT STORAGE DEVICE BLOCKS FILE SYSTEM FILE SYSTEM USER COMPONENT FILE

  5. Artificial Intelligence Decision and Information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Polani, Daniel

    Artificial Intelligence Decision and Information Daniel Polani Artificial Intelligence ­ p.1/26 Decisions: The Fundamental Task Motivation: everything in Artificial Intelligence is basical about taking Intellige Decision: What Door to Open? Artificial Intelligence ­ p.3/26 Bottom Line Clear: decision about

  6. The 2nd International Conference on Intelligent Sensors, Sensor Networks and Information Processing (ISSNIP 2005) and IEEE International Conference on e-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Melbourne, University of

    The 2nd International Conference on Intelligent Sensors, Sensor Networks and Information Processing sessions focusing on both theory and applications of intelligent sensors and smart systems. In addition Conference Organiser: ARC Research Networks on Intelligent Sensors, Sensor Networks and Information

  7. A. Burns, A. Kusiak, and T. Letsche, Mining Transformed Data Sets, Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Knowledge-Based Intelligent Information and Engineering Systems, M.Gh. Negoita, R.J.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kusiak, Andrew

    . Letsche, Mining Transformed Data Sets, Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Knowledge-BasedA. Burns, A. Kusiak, and T. Letsche, Mining Transformed Data Sets, Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Knowledge-Based Intelligent Information and Engineering Systems, M.Gh. Negoita, R

  8. Quasipercolation: Charge transport in fluctuating systems Robert Schiller

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vertes, Akos

    distribution of continuous time random walk, formulas for relative mobility as a function of the expectation value of proportion of high mobility regions are suggested. The results compare reasonably well such a system only if the proportion of conduct- ing elements is high enough to form at least one con- tiguous

  9. Risk Assessment of Railway Transportation Systems using Timed Fault Trees

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Alice

    by the GRAIL (GNSS Introduction in the RAIL sector) project that is under development cooperated with ERTMS difference between the GRAIL and current railway systems is that it involves unmanned operation. Trains to eliminate the fault, to prevent the accident. There are still many unsolved problems related to GRAIL

  10. Sustainability and Transport

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbert, Richard

    2006-01-01

    Gilbert is a Toronto-based transport and energy consultantof the forthcoming book Transport Revolutions: Making theand substantial transition to transport systems based on

  11. Automated Transportation Logistics and Analysis System (ATLAS) | Department

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative FuelsofProgram:Y-12Power, Inc | DepartmentPeer20Insulated Cladding Systems |of

  12. Molecular-Flow Properties of RIB Type Vapor-Transport Systems Using a Fast-Valve

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alton, Gerald D [ORNL] [ORNL; Bilheux, Hassina Z [ORNL] [ORNL; Zhang, Y. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL)] [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Liu, Yuan [ORNL] [ORNL

    2014-01-01

    The advent of the fast-valve device, described previously, permits measurement of molecular-flow times of chemically active or inactive gaseous species through radioactive ion beam (RIB) target ion source systems, independent of size, geometry and materials of construction. Thus, decay losses of short-half-life RIBs can be determined for a given target/vapor-transport system in advance of on-line operation, thereby ascertaining the feasibility of the system design for successful processing of a given isotope. In this article, molecular-flow-time theory and experimentally measured molecular-flow time data are given for serial- and parallel-coupled Ta metal RIB vapor-transport systems similar to those used at ISOL based RIB facilities. In addition, the effect of source type on the molecular-flow time properties of a given system is addressed, and a chemical passivation method for negating surface adsorption enthalpies for chemically active gaseous species on Ta surfaces is demonstrated.

  13. GISOO: a virtual testbed for wireless cyber-physical systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johansson, Karl Henrik

    The integration of wireless communications in cyber- physical systems (CPSs) such as process automation, building testbed for simulation of wireless cyber-physical systems that integrates two state-of-the art simulators automation and intelligent transportation systems, poses many challenges and has become an area of intense

  14. Constructive Artificial Intelligence Information Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Polani, Daniel

    Constructive Artificial Intelligence Information Theory Daniel Polani School of Computer Science referenced. Constructive Artificial Intelligence #12;Coin Weighing Problem (after Denker 2004) Problem Given (minimax principle) Constructive Artificial Intelligence #12;Considerations Note in a measurement, left

  15. Transportation Sector Module of the National Energy Modeling System

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office of Coal,Demand Module of the National Energy Modeling System: Model

  16. LED Market Intelligence Report

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    around dimming capabilities. 16 LED Market Intelligence Report Home Depot Walmart Cree Philips TCP GE LSG Osram Feit Costco Lowe's Retail, Regulations, and LEDs Like...

  17. Hybrid Plasma Reactor/Filter for Transportable Collective Protection Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Josephson, Gary B.; Tonkyn, Russell G.; Frye, J. G.; Riley, Brian J.; Rappe, Kenneth G.

    2011-04-06

    Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) has performed an assessment of a Hybrid Plasma/Filter system as an alternative to conventional methods for collective protection. The key premise of the hybrid system is to couple a nonthermal plasma (NTP) reactor with reactive adsorption to provide a broader envelope of protection than can be provided through a single-solution approach. The first step uses highly reactive species (e.g. oxygen radicals, hydroxyl radicals, etc.) created in a nonthermal plasma (NTP) reactor to destroy the majority (~75% - 90%) of an incoming threat. Following the NTP reactor an O3 reactor/filter uses the O3 created in the NTP reactor to further destroy the remaining organic materials. This report summarizes the laboratory development of the Hybrid Plasma Reactor/Filter to protect against a ‘worst-case’ simulant, methyl bromide (CH3Br), and presents a preliminary engineering assessment of the technology to Joint Expeditionary Collective Protection performance specifications for chemical vapor air purification technologies.

  18. Transport properties of the solid polymer electrolyte system P(EO)nLiTFSI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edman, L.

    2011-01-01

    Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Office of TransportationEfficiency and Renewable Energy, Office of Transportation

  19. Transformative Reduction of Transportation Greenhouse Gas Emissions. Opportunities for Change in Technologies and Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vimmerstedt, Laura; Brown, Austin; Newes, Emily; Markel, Tony; Schroeder, Alex; Zhang, Yimin; Chipman, Peter; Johnson, Shawn

    2015-04-30

    The transportation sector is changing, influenced by concurrent, ongoing, dynamic trends that could dramatically affect the future energy landscape, including effects on the potential for greenhouse gas emissions reductions. Battery cost reductions and improved performance coupled with a growing number of electric vehicle model offerings are enabling greater battery electric vehicle market penetration, and advances in fuel cell technology and decreases in hydrogen production costs are leading to initial fuel cell vehicle offerings. Radically more efficient vehicles based on both conventional and new drivetrain technologies reduce greenhouse gas emissions per vehicle-mile. Net impacts also depend on the energy sources used for propulsion, and these are changing with increased use of renewable energy and unconventional fossil fuel resources. Connected and automated vehicles are emerging for personal and freight transportation systems and could increase use of low- or non-emitting technologies and systems; however, the net effects of automation on greenhouse gas emissions are uncertain. The longstanding trend of an annual increase in transportation demand has reversed for personal vehicle miles traveled in recent years, demonstrating the possibility of lower-travel future scenarios. Finally, advanced biofuel pathways have continued to develop, highlighting low-carbon and in some cases carbon-negative fuel pathways. We discuss the potential for transformative reductions in petroleum use and greenhouse gas emissions through these emerging transportation-sector technologies and trends and present a Clean Transportation Sector Initiative scenario for such reductions, which are summarized in Table ES-1.

  20. Scale-estimation of quantum coherent energy transport in multiple-minima systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tristan Farrow; Vlatko Vedral

    2014-06-17

    A generic and intuitive model for coherent energy transport in multiple minima systems coupled to a quantum mechanical bath is shown. Using a simple spin-boson system, we illustrate how a generic donor-acceptor system can be brought into resonance using a narrow band of vibrational modes, such that the transfer efficiency of an electron-hole pair (exciton) is made arbitrarily high. Coherent transport phenomena in nature are of renewed interest since the discovery that a photon captured by the light-harvesting complex (LHC) in photosynthetic organisms can be conveyed to a chemical reaction centre with near-perfect efficiency. Classical explanations of the transfer use stochastic diffusion to model the hopping motion of a photo-excited exciton. This accounts inadequately for the speed and efficiency of the energy transfer measured in a series of recent landmark experiments. Taking a quantum mechanical perspective can help capture the salient features of the efficient part of that transfer. To show the versatility of the model, we extend it to a multiple minima system comprising seven-sites, reminiscent of the widely studied Fenna-Matthews-Olson (FMO) light-harvesting complex. We show that an idealised transport model for multiple minima coupled to a narrow-band phonon can transport energy with arbitrarily high efficiency.

  1. 1 http://www.mycopter.eu Enabling Technologies for Personal Aerial Transportation Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , which results in environmental issues due to wasted fuel and loss of time and money. A study. Countless inceptions have already been studied in previous decades and some have even been built the social and technological aspects needed to set up a transportation system based on personal aerial

  2. Mass Transport and Thermodynamic Analysis of PAHs in Partitioning Systems in the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daugulis, Andrew J.

    E Journal 2717October 2010 Vol. 56, No. 10 #12;contaminants directly from soil, water, and air, as polymers, equilibrium, solid­liquid partitioning systems, PAHs Introduction Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs of contaminants are then transported and parti- tioned into the aqueous phase, where microbes degrade these toxic

  3. Framework for a flexible, real-time controller for automated material transport systems 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edlabadkar, Abhay

    1995-01-01

    The functions of a material transport system (MTS) in a manufacturing facility is to move raw materials, work-in-process, finished parts, tools and supplies from one location to another in an efficient and timely manner. This thesis presents a...

  4. Usability is the Best Policy: Public Policy and the Lived Experience of Transport Systems in London

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sasse, Angela

    Usability is the Best Policy: Public Policy and the Lived Experience of Transport Systems in London Philip Inglesant Department of Computer Science University College London Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT University College London Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT +44 (0) 20 7679 7212 A.Sasse@cs.ucl.ac.uk ABSTRACT

  5. A Novel MagPipe Pipeline transportation system using linear motor drives

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fang, J.R.; Montgomery, D.B.; Roderick, L.

    2009-11-15

    A novel capsule pipeline transportation system using linear motor drives, called Magplane MagPipe, is under development with the intention to replace trucks and railways for hauling materials from the mine to the rail head, power plant, or processing plant with reduced operating cost and energy consumption. The initial demonstration of a MagPipe line in Inner Mongolia will be a 500-m-long double-pipe coal transport system with the design transportation capacity of 3 Mega-Mg per year. The pipeline consists of 6-m-long plastic pipe modules with an I-beam suspension system inside the pipe to carry sets of five coupled capsules. The pipe will also contain noncontinuous motor winding modules spaced at 50-m intervals. A set of Halbach-arrayed permanent magnets on the bottom of the capsules interact with the linear motor windings to provide propulsion. The motor is driven by variable frequency drives outside the pipe to control the speed. This paper briefly describes the overall MagPipe pipeline transportation system, including the preliminary conclusions of the linear synchronous motor analysis.

  6. Automated Transportation Management System (ATMS) V2.0 logistics module PBI acceptance criteria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Weidert, R.S.

    1995-02-28

    This document defines the acceptance criteria for the Automated Transportation Management System V2.0 Logistics Module Performance Based Incentive (PBI). This acceptance criteria will be the primary basis for the generation of acceptance test procedures. The purpose of this document is to define the minimum criteria that must be fulfilled to guarantee acceptance of the Logistics Module.

  7. Planning of feeding station installment for elec-tric urban public mass-transportation system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bierlaire, Michel

    of visual pollution in urban cities. In this paper, we will introduce a revolutionary "catenary pollutants, and less noise pollution. However, in the traditional implementation of electric bus-transportation system April 2013 1 Introduction In the last few decades, there has been growing concern about pollution

  8. 1 Relaxing the Multivariate Normality Assumption in the Simulation 2 of Transportation System Dependencies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kockelman, Kara M.

    1 1 Relaxing the Multivariate Normality Assumption in the Simulation 2 of Transportation System network analysis literature is the3 use of the multivariate normal (MVN) distribution. While in certain to sample from these case-specific multivariate distributions in simulation studies (see, e.g.,14 Ghosh

  9. Early Decline in Glucose Transport and Metabolism Precedes Shift to Ketogenic System in Female Aging and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brinton, Roberta Diaz

    Early Decline in Glucose Transport and Metabolism Precedes Shift to Ketogenic System in Female and Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Pharmacy, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, United States of America, 2 Department of Neurology, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California

  10. Delivering the Green: The Future of California's Freight Transportation System Summary and Reading List

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    Delivering the Green: The Future of California's Freight Transportation System Summary and Reading List California's freight sector is a critical part of California's economic engine, generating. California's freight sector, including trucks, trains, and ships is also the largest contributor to ozone

  11. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF COMPUTATIONAL INTELLIGENCE 1(1) 2004 1-12 Abstract--In this paper, we present C@sa, a multiagent system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bari, Università degli Studi di

    a simulation and control tool for understanding which is the impact of embedded and pervasive technology, but is in the woodwork everywhere" [2]. Then, smart homes should use AMbient Intelligence (AMI) solutions, putting, at simulating control of an intelligent home from the functional viewpoint and, on the other side, at providing

  12. Ion transport membrane module and vessel system with directed internal gas flow

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Holmes, Michael Jerome (Thompson, ND); Ohrn, Theodore R. (Alliance, OH); Chen, Christopher Ming-Poh (Allentown, PA)

    2010-02-09

    An ion transport membrane system comprising (a) a pressure vessel having an interior, an inlet adapted to introduce gas into the interior of the vessel, an outlet adapted to withdraw gas from the interior of the vessel, and an axis; (b) a plurality of planar ion transport membrane modules disposed in the interior of the pressure vessel and arranged in series, each membrane module comprising mixed metal oxide ceramic material and having an interior region and an exterior region; and (c) one or more gas flow control partitions disposed in the interior of the pressure vessel and adapted to change a direction of gas flow within the vessel.

  13. Proposal to ARPA for Research on Artificial Intelligence at MIT, 1970-1971

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minsky, Marvin

    1970-12-01

    The MIT Artificial Intelligence Project has a variety of goals all bound together by search for principles of intelligent behavior. Among our immediate goals are to develop systems with practical applications for: ...

  14. Pajarito Plateau Groundwater Flow and Transport Modeling Process-Level and Systems Models of Groundwater Flow and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, Zhiming

    Pajarito Plateau Groundwater Flow and Transport Modeling 1 Process-Level and Systems Models of Groundwater Flow and Transport Beneath the Pajarito Plateau: Migration of High Explosives from Technical Area Groundwater Modeling Project Systems Model Vadose Zone Model Regional Aquifer Model #12;Pajarito Plateau

  15. Transportation Sector Model of the National Energy Modeling System. Volume 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1998-01-01

    This report documents the objectives, analytical approach and development of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) Transportation Model (TRAN). The report catalogues and describes the model assumptions, computational methodology, parameter estimation techniques, model source code, and forecast results generated by the model. The NEMS Transportation Model comprises a series of semi-independent models which address different aspects of the transportation sector. The primary purpose of this model is to provide mid-term forecasts of transportation energy demand by fuel type including, but not limited to, motor gasoline, distillate, jet fuel, and alternative fuels (such as CNG) not commonly associated with transportation. The current NEMS forecast horizon extends to the year 2010 and uses 1990 as the base year. Forecasts are generated through the separate consideration of energy consumption within the various modes of transport, including: private and fleet light-duty vehicles; aircraft; marine, rail, and truck freight; and various modes with minor overall impacts, such as mass transit and recreational boating. This approach is useful in assessing the impacts of policy initiatives, legislative mandates which affect individual modes of travel, and technological developments. The model also provides forecasts of selected intermediate values which are generated in order to determine energy consumption. These elements include estimates of passenger travel demand by automobile, air, or mass transit; estimates of the efficiency with which that demand is met; projections of vehicle stocks and the penetration of new technologies; and estimates of the demand for freight transport which are linked to forecasts of industrial output. Following the estimation of energy demand, TRAN produces forecasts of vehicular emissions of the following pollutants by source: oxides of sulfur, oxides of nitrogen, total carbon, carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, and volatile organic compounds.

  16. Assuring safety through operational approval : challenges in assessing and approving the safety of systems-level changes in air transportation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weibel, Roland E. (Roland Everett)

    2010-01-01

    To improve capacity and efficiency of the air transportation system, a number of new systems-level changes have been proposed. Key aspects of the proposed changes are combined functionality across technology and procedures ...

  17. Applying Artificial Intelligence to Virtual Reality: Intelligent Virtual Environments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luck, Michael

    Applying Artificial Intelligence to Virtual Reality: Intelligent Virtual Environments Ruth Aylett intelligence and artificial life on the other has largely been carried out by two different groups of people combining artificial intelligence and artificial life techniques with those of virtual environments

  18. Intelligent Interfaces Artificial Intelligence Meets Human Computer Interaction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meliou, Alexandra

    Intelligent Us er Interfaces Artificial Intelligence Meets Human Computer Interaction r r f ala ris of Intelligent User Interface design is often loosely described as the intersection of the fields of Artificial is that they elude to specific artificial intelligence techniques and as Waern writes ``What, exactly, counts

  19. Seismic Risk Assessment of Transportation Network Systems, Journal of Earthquake Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kiremidjian, A.; Moore, James Elliott II; Fan, Yueyue; Yazlali, O.; Basoz, N.; Williams, M.

    2008-01-01

    A. [2002] “Earthquake risk assessment for transportationA. [1996] “Risk assessment of highway transportation1–12 Engineering, Seismic Risk Assessment of Transportation

  20. Preliminary definition of the DOE/OCRWM transportation operating system: Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rawl, R.R.; Kline, S.C.

    1988-01-01

    This paper is based on the report ''Preliminary Definition of the Transportation Operations System'' and presents a summary of the preliminary definition of transportation operations activities for the cask shipment cycle, commencing with the dispatch of an empty cask, to loading and unloading of cask contents, and preparation of the empty cask for redispatch. It first presents a high-level description of the transportation cycle and then further describes each of the major activities in greater detail. For simplicity of presentation, the highway mode of transport is most often used to describe activities. The reader should keep in mind that the use of other modes will slightly alter the activities and possibly the sequences. Major activities and functions of the system are organized into a first cut of how they could be allocated to specific facilities. The reader should keep in mind that the assignment of functions and the aggregation of these into specific facilities are tasks which have yet to be performed. This paper simply presents a first look at possible groupings of the functions on a facility basis. 12 figs.

  1. Transport properties in bilayer Quantum Hall systems in the presence of a topological defect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gerardo Cristofano; Vincenzo Marotta; Adele Naddeo; Giuliano Niccoli

    2006-06-27

    Following a suggestion given in Phys. Lett. B 571(2003) 621, we show how a bilayer Quantum Hall system at fillings nu =1/p+1 can exhibit a point-like topological defect in its edge state structure. Indeed our CFT theory for such a system, the Twisted Model (TM), gives rise in a natural way to such a feature in the twisted sector. Our results are in agreement with recent experimental findings (Phys. Rev. B 72 (2005) 041305) which evidence the presence of a topological defect in the transport properties of the bilayer system.

  2. Development of a particle injection system for impurity transport study in KSTAR

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, H. Y.; Hong, Joohwan; Lee, Seung Hun; Jang, Siwon; Jang, Juhyeok; Jeon, Taemin; Park, Jae Sun; Choe, Wonho, E-mail: wchoe@kaist.ac.kr [Department of Physics, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Daejeon 305-701, Republic of Korea and Fusion Plasma Transport Research Center, Daejeon 305-701 (Korea, Republic of); Hong, Suk-Ho [National Fusion Research Institute, Daejeon 305-806 (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-11-15

    A solid particle injection system is developed for KSTAR. The system has a compact size, compatibility with a strong magnetic field and high vacuum environment, and the capability to inject a small amount of solid particles with a narrow injection angle. The target flight-distance of 10 cm has been achieved with a particle loss rate of less than 10%. Solid impurity particles such as tungsten and carbon will be injected by this system at the midplane in KSTAR. The impurity transport feature will be studied with a soft X-ray array, a vacuum ultra-violet diagnostic, and Stand Alone Non-Corona code.

  3. Multi-Agent Systems and Control, Intelligent Robotics, and Cybernetics. Power Electronics, Renewable Energy, and Smart Grid.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Yih-Min

    . Power Electronics, Renewable Energy, and Smart Grid. Computer Science and Engineering. Embedded Systems

  4. NREL - Advanced Vehicles and Fuels Basics - Center for Transportation Technologies and Systems 2010

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2010-01-01

    We can improve the fuel economy of our cars, trucks, and buses by designing them to use the energy in fuels more efficiently. Researchers at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) are helping the nation achieve these goals by developing transportation technologies like: advanced vehicle systems and components; alternative fuels; as well as fuel cells, hybrid electric, and plug-in hybrid vehicles. For a text version of this video visit http://www.nrel.gov/learning/advanced_vehicles_fuels.html

  5. NREL - Advanced Vehicles and Fuels Basics - Center for Transportation Technologies and Systems 2010

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2013-05-29

    We can improve the fuel economy of our cars, trucks, and buses by designing them to use the energy in fuels more efficiently. Researchers at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) are helping the nation achieve these goals by developing transportation technologies like: advanced vehicle systems and components; alternative fuels; as well as fuel cells, hybrid electric, and plug-in hybrid vehicles. For a text version of this video visit http://www.nrel.gov/learning/advanced_vehicles_fuels.html

  6. A Study of the Advanced Systems at the CMU Intelligent Workplace with an Evaluation of Potential Applications to Texas A&M International University 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Claridge, D. E.; Gong, X.; Verdict, M.; Clingenpeel, K.

    2008-01-01

    A detailed study has been conducted of the performance of several innovative aspects of the Intelligent Workplace (IW) at Carnegie Mellon University, a low energy consumption building that uses radiant heating, cooling and a desiccant ventilation...

  7. Bio-inspired Design of Intelligent Materials Minoru Taya*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taya, Minoru

    Bio-inspired Design of Intelligent Materials Minoru Taya* , Professor and Director Center for Intelligent Materials and Systems Department of Mechanical Engineering University of Washington, Box 352600 Seattle, WA 98195-2600 ABSTRACT Several examples of sensors and actuators inherent in biological species

  8. Intelligent Assistants for Filling Critical Gaps in GIS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Barbara, University of

    Intelligent Assistants for Filling Critical Gaps in GIS A Research Program April 1992 David Lanter, Intelligent Assistants for Filling Critical Gaps In GIS, was sponsored by Southern California Edison Company: · An analysis of critical gaps in current geographic information systems (GIS) that impede their use for spatial

  9. ENTRY ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE [ENTRY ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE] Authors: Oliver Knill: March 2000 Literature: Peter Norvig,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knill, Oliver

    ENTRY ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE [ENTRY ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE] Authors: Oliver Knill: March 2000 Literature: Peter Norvig, Paradigns of Artificial Intelligence Programming Daniel Juravsky and James Martin interface to a neural net simulator. artificial intelligence [artificial intelligence] (AI) is a field

  10. TUTORIAL: International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education 2009 Categorisation and Educational Benefits of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bull, Susan

    TUTORIAL: International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education 2009 Categorisation that are part of a full artificial intelligence in education system, and independent open learner models (where Framework. International Journal of Artificial Intelligence in Education 17(1), 89-120. #12;

  11. Beam transport experiment with a new kicker control system on the HIRFL-CSR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Yan-Yu; Luo, Jin-Fu; Zhang, Jian-Chuan; Zhou, Wen-Xiong; Ni, Fa-Fu; Yin, Jun; Yin, Jia; Yuan, You-Jin; Shang-Guan, Jin-Bin

    2015-01-01

    The kicker control system was used for beam extraction and injection between two cooling storage rings (CSRs) at the Heavy Ion Research Facility in Lanzhou (HIRFL). To meet the requirements of special physics experiments, the kicker controller was upgraded. The new controller was designed based on ARM+DSP+FPGA technology and monolithic circuit architecture, which can achieve a precision time delay of 2.5 ns. In September 2014, the new kicker control system was installed in the kicker field, and the test experiment using the system was completed. In addition, a pre-trigger signal was provided by the controller, which was designed to synchronize the beam diagnostic system and physics experiments. Experimental results indicate that the phenomena of "missed kick" and "inefficient kick" were not observed, and the multichannel trigger signals' delay could be adjusted individually for kick power supplies in digitization; thus, the beam transport efficiency was improved compared with that of the original system. The ...

  12. Artificial Intelligence Progress Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minsky, Marvin

    1972-01-01

    Research at the Laboratory in vision, language, and other problems of intelligence. This report is an attempt to combine a technical progress report with an exposition of our point of view about certain problems in the ...

  13. Abstract --Integrating fluid transport systems on a single chip with micro-scale detectors has significant advantages,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Jayne

    Abstract --Integrating fluid transport systems on a single chip with micro-scale detectors has a cantilever ACEO particle trap. I. INTRODUCTION C electrokinetics has many attractive features as a fluid transport and particle manipulation mechanism in micro-fluidic devices. It involves no moving parts

  14. Design approaches and parameters for magnetically levitated transport systems. [Null flux suspension (Maglev)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Danby, G.T.; Powell, J.R.

    1988-01-01

    Mechanically levitated transport system approaches are assessed with regard to thrust power needs, track cost, suspension stability, and safety. The null flux suspension appears as the favored approach, having the least thrust power requirements, highest stability, and lowest amount of track material. Various null flux configurations are described together with their operating parameters. The Linear Synchronous Motor (LSM) propulsion system is also described for propelling the suspended vehicles. Cryogenics and superconductivity aspects are discussed and the effect of high T/sub c/ superconductors evaluated. 13 refs., 16 figs., 2 tabs.

  15. Application of Chebyshev Formalism to Identify Nonlinear Magnetic Field Components in Beam Transport Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michael Spata

    2012-08-01

    An experiment was conducted at Jefferson Lab's Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility to develop a beam-based technique for characterizing the extent of the nonlinearity of the magnetic fields of a beam transport system. Horizontally and vertically oriented pairs of air-core kicker magnets were simultaneously driven at two different frequencies to provide a time-dependent transverse modulation of the beam orbit relative to the unperturbed reference orbit. Fourier decomposition of the position data at eight different points along the beamline was then used to measure the amplitude of these frequencies. For a purely linear transport system one expects to find solely the frequencies that were applied to the kickers with amplitudes that depend on the phase advance of the lattice. In the presence of nonlinear fields one expects to also find harmonics of the driving frequencies that depend on the order of the nonlinearity. Chebyshev polynomials and their unique properties allow one to directly quantify the magnitude of the nonlinearity with the minimum error. A calibration standard was developed using one of the sextupole magnets in a CEBAF beamline. The technique was then applied to a pair of Arc 1 dipoles and then to the magnets in the Transport Recombiner beamline to measure their multipole content as a function of transverse position within the magnets.

  16. Reactive Transport and Coupled THM Processes in Engineering Barrier Systems (EBS)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Steefel, Carl; Rutqvist, Jonny; Tsang, Chin-Fu; Liu, Hui-Hai; Sonnenthal, Eric; Houseworth, Jim; Birkholzer, Jens

    2010-08-31

    Geological repositories for disposal of high-level nuclear wastes generally rely on a multi-barrier system to isolate radioactive wastes from the biosphere. The multi-barrier system typically consists of a natural barrier system, including repository host rock and its surrounding subsurface environment, and an engineering barrier system (EBS). EBS represents the man-made, engineered materials placed within a repository, including the waste form, waste canisters, buffer materials, backfill and seals (OECD, 2003). EBS plays a significant role in the containment and long-term retardation of radionuclide release. EBS is involved in complex thermal, hydrogeological, mechanical, chemical and biological processes, such as heat release due to radionuclide decay, multiphase flow (including gas release due to canister corrosion), swelling of buffer materials, radionuclide diffusive transport, waste dissolution and chemical reactions. All these processes are related to each other. An in-depth understanding of these coupled processes is critical for the performance assessment (PA) for EBS and the entire repository. Within the EBS group of Used Fuel Disposition (UFD) Campaign, LBNL is currently focused on (1) thermal-hydraulic-mechanical-chemical (THMC) processes in buffer materials (bentonite) and (2) diffusive transport in EBS associated with clay host rock, with a long-term goal to develop a full understanding of (and needed modeling capabilities to simulate) impacts of coupled processes on radionuclide transport in different components of EBS, as well as the interaction between near-field host rock (e.g., clay) and EBS and how they effect radionuclide release. This final report documents the progress that LBNL has made in its focus areas. Specifically, Section 2 summarizes progress on literature review for THMC processes and reactive-diffusive radionuclide transport in bentonite. The literature review provides a picture of the state-of-the-art of the relevant research areas addressed by LBNL. Section 3 documents the current modeling tools, available at LBNL, for the EBS study. This may be important for identifying future modeling activities within the EBS group with these current capabilities and needs for future EBS modeling development. Section 4 presents the results of geomechanical modeling using the Barcelona Basic Model (BBM) constitutive relationship for thermo-elasto-plastic media such as bentonite and an update on reactive-diffusive transport modeling approaches through bentonite in the EBS. Section 5 discusses identified knowledge gaps and technical issues as well as short- and long-term R&D plans.

  17. 2 1094-7167/03/$17.00 2003 IEEE IEEE INTELLIGENT SYSTEMS Published by the IEEE Computer Society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doan, AnHai

    , street, and zip, while the disjoint attributes are income (S1) and age (S2). Existing systems can system we're developing--exploits disjoint attributes to maximize matching accuracy. The key to PROM attributes match perfectly. How- ever, the disjoint attributes (income in S1 and age in S2) indicate that

  18. Improvements in transport calculations by the optimized multigroup libraries for fast neutron systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mosca, P.; Mounier, C.; Bellier, P.; Zmijarevic, I.

    2012-07-01

    This paper shows how to improve the accuracy of the transport calculations using in the APOLLO2 code the optimized multigroup libraries calculated by AEMC for fast neutron systems. These ameliorations concern the fission source calculation and the self-shielding models. The calculation of the fission source was generalized to fission spectra including an incident neutron energy dependence. The subgroup self-shielding model was updated for a mixture of resonant nuclides. Some tests on a Pu-239 sphere without reflectors and a fast sodium cell show that the use of four fission spectra guarantees a correct representation of the fission source. The test on a Pu-239 sphere with a thick steel reflector proves that the subgroup self-shielding, accounting for the mutual shielding of several resonant nuclides, allows us to improve the accuracy of the neutron transport solution in the reflector. (authors)

  19. Heat resistant materials and their feasibility issues for a space nuclear transportation system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Olsen, C.S.

    1991-01-01

    A number of nuclear propulsion concepts based on solid-core nuclear propulsion are being evaluated for a nuclear propulsion transportation system to support the Space Exploration Initiative (SEI) involving the reestablishment of a manned lunar base and the subsequent exploration of Mars. These systems will require high-temperature materials to meet the operating conditions with appropriate reliability and safety built into these systems through the selection and testing of appropriate materials. The application of materials for nuclear thermal propulsion (NTP) and nuclear electric propulsion (NEP) systems and the feasibility issues identified for their use will be discussed. Some mechanical property measurements have been obtained, and compatibility tests were conducted to help identify feasibility issues. 3 refs., 1 fig., 4 tabs.

  20. Concept of the transport system in the western part of the Arctic

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Parfenov, A.F.

    1994-09-01

    According to the concept of the energy policy of Russia under new economic conditions, the production of oil and gas condensate after a decline to 300-345 million tons/yr in 1997 will reach 370-400 million tons in 2010, and the export of oil and petroleum products, apart from countries of the CIS, will be 90-120 million tons/yr and of natural gas 130-140 billion m{sup 3}. The main sources of oil and gas production will be Volga region and Tyumen, Yamal, and Pechora-Nenets provinces. The most prospective oil and gas fields are located in an extensive territory north of the Arctic Circle and on the continental shelf of the Barnets and Kara Seas. The geographic location of the world`s richest fields of energy resources creates favorable conditions for their export to Northern Europe, northern states of the USA and Canada, and after developing direct sailing along the Northern Sea Route. According to preliminary data, the volume of export of oil and petroleum products in the next 10-15 years form this region can amount to 20-25 millions tons and delivery of supplies 1.5-2.0 million tons. Sea transport plays a substantial role in export shipments. In 1989, 98.0 Million tons of oil was unloaded through Black Sea and Baltic ports. The transport system should be reliable, ecologically safe, and cost-effective, should adapt well for providing the fields being developed on the continent and shelf with transport services, and should deliver oil and products to any importing country. With consideration of the complex; and importance of the problem, in the present concept the transport system in the stretch of domestic traffic is examined in there variants: variant 1 - {open_quotes}Island terminal,{close_quotes} variant 2 - {open_quotes}Oil trunk pipeline,{close_quotes} 3 - {open_quotes}Shore terminal.{close_quotes}

  1. Exploring the spatial implications of capacity constraints in public transportation systems : a scenario-based analysis of London

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tuttle, Stephen B. (Stephen Bradford)

    2014-01-01

    In growing regions with large public transportation systems, the distribution of available capacity can affect where development occurs and determine which users and land uses suffer from further crowding. However, analyzing ...

  2. Technology transition in the national air transportation system : market failure and game theoretic analysis with application to ADS-B

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hu, Xiaojie

    2008-01-01

    This research analyzes the problem of technology transition in the national air transportation system, focusing on the implementation of Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Broadcast (ADS-B). ADS-B is a key technology in the ...

  3. Long Length Contaminated Equipment Retrieval System Receiver Trailer and Transport Trailer Operations and Maintenance Manual

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DALE, R.N.

    2000-05-01

    A system to accommodate the removal of long-length contaminated equipment (LLCE) from Hanford underground radioactive waste storage tanks was designed, procured, and demonstrated, via a project activity during the 1990s. The system is the Long Length Contaminated Equipment Removal System (LLCERS). LLCERS will be maintained and operated by Tank Farms Engineering and Operations organizations and other varied projects having a need for the system. The responsibility for the operation and maintenance of the LLCERS Receiver Trailer (RT) and Transport Trailer (TT) resides with the RPP Characterization Project Operations organization. The purpose of this document is to provide vendor supplied operating and maintenance (O & M) information for the RT and TT in a readily retrievable form. This information is provided this way instead of in a vendor information (VI) file to maintain configuration control of the operations baseline as described in RPP-6085, ''Configuration Management Plan for Long Length Contaminated Equipment Receiver and Transport Trailers''. Additional Operations Baseline documents are identified in RPP-6085.

  4. Development of a hybrid intelligent system for on-line real-time monitoring of nuclear power plant operations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yildiz, Bilge, 1976-

    2003-01-01

    A nuclear power plant (NPP) has an intricate operational domain involving systems, structures and components (SSCs) that vary in scale and complexity. Many of the large scale SSCs contribute to the lost availability in the ...

  5. Maglev vehicles and superconductor technology: Integration of high-speed ground transportation into the air travel system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnson, L.R.; Rote, D.M.; Hull, J.R.; Coffey, H.T.; Daley, J.G.; Giese, R.F.

    1989-04-01

    This study was undertaken to (1) evaluate the potential contribution of high-temperature superconductors (HTSCs) to the technical and economic feasibility of magnetically levitated (maglev) vehicles, (2) determine the status of maglev transportation research in the United States and abroad, (3) identify the likelihood of a significant transportation market for high-speed maglev vehicles, and (4) provide a preliminary assessment of the potential energy and economic benefits of maglev systems. HTSCs should be considered as an enhancing, rather than an enabling, development for maglev transportation because they should improve reliability and reduce energy and maintenance costs. Superconducting maglev transportation technologies were developed in the United States in the late 1960s and early 1970s. Federal support was withdrawn in 1975, but major maglev transportation programs were continued in Japan and West Germany, where full-scale prototypes now carry passengers at speeds of 250 mi/h in demonstration runs. Maglev systems are generally viewed as very-high-speed train systems, but this study shows that the potential market for maglev technology as a train system, e.g., from one downtown to another, is limited. Rather, aircraft and maglev vehicles should be seen as complementing rather than competing transportation systems. If maglev systems were integrated into major hub airport operations, they could become economical in many relatively high-density US corridors. Air traffic congestion and associated noise and pollutant emissions around airports would also be reduced. 68 refs., 26 figs., 16 tabs.

  6. NERI Final Project Report: On-Line Intelligent Self-Diagnostic Monitoring System for Next Generation Nuclear Power Plants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bond, Leonard J.; Jarrell, Donald B.; Koehler, Theresa M.; Meador, Richard J.; Sisk, Daniel R.; Hatley, Darrel D.; Watkins, Kenneth S.; Chai, Jangbom; Kim, Wooshik

    2003-06-20

    This project provides a proof-of-principle technology demonstration for SDMS, where a distributed suite of sensors is integrated with active components and passive structures of types expected to be encountered in next generation nuclear power reactor and plant systems. The project employs state-of-the-art operational sensors, advanced stressor-based instrumentation, distributed computing, RF data network modules and signal processing to improve the monitoring and assessment of the power reactor system and gives data that is used to provide prognostics capabilities.

  7. Space-Charge Limits on the Transport of Ion Beams in a Long Alternating Gradient System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tiefenback, M.G.

    2011-01-01

    term stability of the transport of cold, high-current beams,beam. The cold-beam ideal case for this transport is called

  8. The rationale/benefits of nuclear thermal rocket propulsion for NASA's lunar space transportation system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Borowski, S.K.

    1994-09-01

    The solid core nuclear thermal rocket (NTR) represents the next major evolutionary step in propulsion technology. With its attractive operating characteristics, which include high specific impulse (approximately 850-1000 s) and engine thrust-to-weight (approximately 4-20), the NTR can form the basis for an efficient lunar space transportation system (LTS) capable of supporting both piloted and cargo missions. Studies conducted at the NASA Lewis Research Center indicate that an NTR-based LTS could transport a fully-fueled, cargo-laden, lunar excursion vehicle to the Moon, and return it to low Earth orbit (LEO) after mission completion, for less initial mass in LEO than an aerobraked chemical system of the type studied by NASA during its '90-Day Study.' The all-propulsive NTR-powered LTS would also be 'fully reusable' and would have a 'return payload' mass fraction of approximately 23 percent--twice that of the 'partially reusable' aerobraked chemical system. Two NTR technology options are examined--one derived from the graphite-moderated reactor concept developed by NASA and the AEC under the Rover/NERVA (Nuclear Engine for Rocket Vehicle Application) programs, and a second concept, the Particle Bed Reactor (PBR). The paper also summarizes NASA's lunar outpost scenario, compares relative performance provided by different LTS concepts, and discusses important operational issues (e.g., reusability, engine 'end-of life' disposal, etc.) associated with using this important propulsion technology.

  9. 1 Copyright 2008 by ASME Proceedings of the ASME Conference on Smart Materials, Adaptive Structures and Intelligent Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lynch, Jerome P.

    , corrosion of aircraft fuselages can cause over-stressing at rivets and formation of stress-corrosion cracks-569 DESIGN AND VALIDATION OF CARBON NANOTUBE THIN FILM WIRELESS SENSORS FOR PH AND CORROSION MONITORING, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA ABSTRACT Corrosion damage in civil, aeronautical, and mechanical systems

  10. Proceedings IROS 2000 Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems, Takamatsu, Japan Planning and Model-Based Control for Mobile Manipulators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poulakakis, Ioannis

    on trajectory planning and control for mobile manipulators. Two commonly available mobile platforms, a car manipulator systems, comprised of a mobile platform with one or more manipulators, are of great interest them to follow simultaneously desired end-effector and platform trajectories without violating

  11. Journal of Intelligent Information Systems, 16, 149187, 2001 c 2001 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Manufactured in The Netherlands.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ambite, José Luis

    . Manufactured in The Netherlands. Compiling Source Descriptions for Efficient and Flexible Information@isi.edu ANDREW G. PHILPOT philpot@isi.edu Information Sciences Institute, Integrated Media Systems Center: information integration, information mediators, axiom compilation, heterogeneous data sources, SIMS, Ariadne 1

  12. 22 1094-7167/04/$20.00 2004 IEEE IEEE INTELLIGENT SYSTEMS Published by the IEEE Computer Society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Harmelen, Frank

    've developed a thesaurus-based search system that uses automatic indexing, RDF-based querying, and concept-based visualization. We describe here the conversion of an existing propri- etary thesaurus to an open standard format, a generic architecture for thesaurus-based information access, an innovative user interface, and results

  13. Quantum Electron Transport and Duality in a One-Dimensional Interacting System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Taejin

    2015-01-01

    We study the quantum electron transport in a one-dimensional interacting electron system, called Schmid model, reformulating the model in terms of the bosonic string theory on a disk. The particle-kink duality of the model is discussed in the absence of the external electric field and further extended to the model with a weak electric field. Using the linear response theory, we evaluate the electric conductance both for both weak and strong periodic potentials in the zero temperature limit. The electric conductance is invariant under the particle-kink duality.

  14. Quantum Electron Transport and Duality in a One-Dimensional Interacting System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taejin Lee

    2015-08-03

    We study the quantum electron transport in a one-dimensional interacting electron system, called Schmid model, reformulating the model in terms of the bosonic string theory on a disk. The particle-kink duality of the model is discussed in the absence of the external electric field and further extended to the model with a weak electric field. Using the linear response theory, we evaluate the electric conductance both for both weak and strong periodic potentials in the zero temperature limit. The electric conductance is invariant under the particle-kink duality.

  15. Nonequilibrium steady state transport of collective-qubit system in strong coupling regime

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen Wang; Ke-Wei Sun

    2015-08-10

    We investigate the steady state photon transport in a nonequilibrium collective-qubit model. By adopting the noninteracting blip approximation, which is applicable in the strong photon-qubit coupling regime, we describe the essential contribution of indirect qubit-qubit interaction to the population distribution, mediated by the photonic baths. The linear relations of both the optimal flux and noise power with the qubits system size are obtained. Moreover, the inversed power-law style for the finite-size scaling of the optimal photon-qubit coupling strength is exhibited, which is proposed to be universal.

  16. Reversible Bending Fatigue Test System for Investigating Vibration Integrity of Spent Nuclear Fuel during Transportation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Jy-An John; Wang, Hong; Bevard, Bruce Balkcom; Howard, Rob L; Flanagan, Michelle

    2013-01-01

    Transportation packages for spent nuclear fuel (SNF) must meet safety requirements under normal and accident conditions as specified by federal regulations. During transportation, SNF experiences unique conditions and challenges to cladding integrity due to the vibrational and impact loading during road or rail shipment. Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) has been developing testing capabilities that can be used to improve the understanding of the impacts on SNF integrity due to vibration loading, especially for high burn-up SNF in normal transportation operation conditions. This information can be used to meet the nuclear industry and U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission needs in the area of safety and security of spent nuclear fuel storage and transport operations. The ORNL developed test system can perform reversible-bending fatigue testing to evaluate both the static and dynamic mechanical response of SNF rods under simulated loads. The testing apparatus is also designed to meet the challenges of hot-cell operation, including remote installation and detachment of the SNF test specimen, in-situ test specimen deformation measurement, and implementation of a driving system suitable for use in a hot cell. The system contains a U-frame set-up equipped with uniquely designed grip rigs, to protect SNF rod and to ensure valid test results, and use of 3 specially designed LVDTs to obtain the in-situ curvature measurement. A variety of surrogate test rods have been used to develop and calibrate the test system as well as in performing a series of systematic cyclic fatigue tests. The surrogate rods include stainless steel (SS) cladding, SS cladding with cast epoxy, and SS cladding with alumina pellets inserts simulating fuel pellets. Testing to date has shown that the interface bonding between the SS cladding and the alumina pellets has a significant impact on the bending response of the test rods as well as their fatigue strength. The failure behaviors observed from tested surrogate rods provides a fundamental understanding of the underlying failure mechanisms of the SNF surrogate rod under vibration which has not been achieved previously. The newly developed device is scheduled to be installed in the hot-cell in summer 2013 to test high burnup SNF.

  17. The Evolutionary Emergence Artificial Intelligence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Thomas

    The Evolutionary Emergence route to Artificial Intelligence Alastair Channon Degree: MSc with a brief discussion. Keywords: Artificial Intelligence, Emergence, Genetic Algorithms, Artificial Life: Inman Harvey Submitted: 2 September 1996 (Minor revisions October 1996) Abstract The artificial

  18. Transporting particulate material

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Aldred, Derek Leslie (North Hollywood, CA); Rader, Jeffrey A. (North Hollywood, CA); Saunders, Timothy W. (North Hollywood, CA)

    2011-08-30

    A material transporting system comprises a material transporting apparatus (100) including a material transporting apparatus hopper structure (200, 202), which comprises at least one rotary transporting apparatus; a stationary hub structure (900) constraining and assisting the at least one rotary transporting apparatus; an outlet duct configuration (700) configured to permit material to exit therefrom and comprising at least one diverging portion (702, 702'); an outlet abutment configuration (800) configured to direct material to the outlet duct configuration; an outlet valve assembly from the material transporting system venting the material transporting system; and a moving wall configuration in the material transporting apparatus capable of assisting the material transporting apparatus in transporting material in the material transporting system. Material can be moved from the material transporting apparatus hopper structure to the outlet duct configuration through the at least one rotary transporting apparatus, the outlet abutment configuration, and the outlet valve assembly.

  19. diploma thesis Adaptive Building Intelligence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rutishauser, Ueli

    diploma thesis Adaptive Building Intelligence A multi-Agent approach Ueli Rutishauser Alain Sch intelligent. A building is perceived as be- ing intelligent if it is able to learn from experience. We is connected to the sensors and effectors via a dedicated fieldbus network (LonWorks). Based on this data

  20. INTELLIGENT CONTROL Panos J. Antsaklis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Antsaklis, Panos

    learning help intelligent controllers to adapt and learn. Advances in sensors, actuators, computationINTELLIGENT CONTROL by Panos J. Antsaklis Department of Electrical Engineering University of Notre for the Encyclopedia of Electrical and Electronics Engineering John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 1997 Intelligent control

  1. Universal Artificial Intelligence Marcus Hutter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hutter, Marcus

    Universal Artificial Intelligence Marcus Hutter Canberra, ACT, 0200, Australia http://www.hutter1.net/ #12;Marcus Hutter - 2 - Universal Artificial Intelligence Abstract The dream of creating artificial devices that reach or outperform human intelligence is many centuries old. In this talk I present

  2. Web Intelligence to Make Strategic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahrendt, Wolfgang

    Using Web Intelligence to Make Strategic (Business) Decisions Staffan Truvé, PhD Co-founder & CTO truve@recordedfuture.com #12;#12;#12;#12;Recorded Future · Web Intelligence · From data collection;#7 #12;#7 #12;#1 #12;#12;Sensors + predictive models #12;Web Intelligence Metrics UNSTRUCTURED TEXT

  3. Operational Challenges in Gas-To-Liquid (GTL) Transportation Through Trans Alaska Pipeline System (TAPS)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Godwin A. Chukwu; Santanu Khataniar; Shirish Patil; Abhijit Dandekar

    2006-06-30

    Oil production from Alaskan North Slope oil fields has steadily declined. In the near future, ANS crude oil production will decline to such a level (200,000 to 400,000 bbl/day) that maintaining economic operation of the Trans-Alaska Pipeline System (TAPS) will require pumping alternative products through the system. Heavy oil deposits in the West Sak and Ugnu formations are a potential resource, although transporting these products involves addressing important sedimentation issues. One possibility is the use of Gas-to-Liquid (GTL) technology. Estimated recoverable gas reserves of 38 trillion cubic feet (TCF) on the North Slope of Alaska can be converted to liquid with GTL technology and combined with the heavy oils for a product suitable for pipeline transport. Issues that could affect transport of this such products through TAPS include pumpability of GTL and crude oil blends, cold restart of the pipeline following a prolonged winter shutdown, and solids deposition inside the pipeline. This study examined several key fluid properties of GTL, crude oil and four selected blends under TAPS operating conditions. Key measurements included Reid Vapor Pressure, density and viscosity, PVT properties, and solids deposition. Results showed that gel strength is not a significant factor for the ratios of GTL-crude oil blend mixtures (1:1; 1:2; 1:3; 1:4) tested under TAPS cold re-start conditions at temperatures above - 20 F, although Bingham fluid flow characteristics exhibited by the blends at low temperatures indicate high pumping power requirements following prolonged shutdown. Solids deposition is a major concern for all studied blends. For the commingled flow profile studied, decreased throughput can result in increased and more rapid solid deposition along the pipe wall, resulting in more frequent pigging of the pipeline or, if left unchecked, pipeline corrosion.

  4. Development of a structural health monitoring system for the life assessment of critical transportation infrastructure.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Roach, Dennis Patrick; Jauregui, David Villegas; Daumueller, Andrew Nicholas

    2012-02-01

    Recent structural failures such as the I-35W Mississippi River Bridge in Minnesota have underscored the urgent need for improved methods and procedures for evaluating our aging transportation infrastructure. This research seeks to develop a basis for a Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) system to provide quantitative information related to the structural integrity of metallic structures to make appropriate management decisions and ensuring public safety. This research employs advanced structural analysis and nondestructive testing (NDT) methods for an accurate fatigue analysis. Metal railroad bridges in New Mexico will be the focus since many of these structures are over 100 years old and classified as fracture-critical. The term fracture-critical indicates that failure of a single component may result in complete collapse of the structure such as the one experienced by the I-35W Bridge. Failure may originate from sources such as loss of section due to corrosion or cracking caused by fatigue loading. Because standard inspection practice is primarily visual, these types of defects can go undetected due to oversight, lack of access to critical areas, or, in riveted members, hidden defects that are beneath fasteners or connection angles. Another issue is that it is difficult to determine the fatigue damage that a structure has experienced and the rate at which damage is accumulating due to uncertain history and load distribution in supporting members. A SHM system has several advantages that can overcome these limitations. SHM allows critical areas of the structure to be monitored more quantitatively under actual loading. The research needed to apply SHM to metallic structures was performed and a case study was carried out to show the potential of SHM-driven fatigue evaluation to assess the condition of critical transportation infrastructure and to guide inspectors to potential problem areas. This project combines the expertise in transportation infrastructure at New Mexico State University with the expertise at Sandia National Laboratories in the emerging field of SHM.

  5. Artificial General Intelligence and the Future of the Human Race

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pavlacka, Bryon

    2012-01-01

    Institute for Artificial Intelligence [SIAI], 2001, para.robot architecture. Artificial general intelligence, 2008:machines. Artificial general intelligence, 2008: Proceedings

  6. Wavelet and artificial intelligence application to automated fault analysis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Qilong

    2001-01-01

    not require a precise model in the problem domain. Fuzzy logic represents knowledge with ambiguity. It can handle the uncertainties well. The hybrid intelligent system based on the fuzzy logic and neural network utilize the virtue of the individual techniques...

  7. "Artificial Intelligence Systmes Techniques and Applications in Speech Processing"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Campbell, D.R.; Fyfe, C.; Girolami, M.

    Campbell,D.R. Fyfe,C. Girolami,M. Intelligence Systems Technology and Applications, Vol.III Signal, Image and Speech processing, 1-48, Ed: C T Leondes pp V.III 1-48 CRC Press

  8. The Influence of Morphology on the Charge Transport in Two-Phase Disordered Organic Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cristiano F. Woellner; Leonardo D. Machado; Pedro A. S. Autreto; Jose A. Freire; Douglas S. Galvao

    2015-01-07

    In this work we use a three-dimensional Pauli master equation to investigate the charge carrier mobility of a two-phase system, which can mimic donor-acceptor and amorphous- crystalline bulk heterojunctions. Our approach can be separated into two parts: the morphology generation and the charge transport modeling in the generated blend. The morphology part is based on a Monte Carlo simulation of binary mixtures (donor/acceptor). The second part is carried out by numerically solving the steady-state Pauli master equation. By taking the energetic disorder of each phase, their energy offset and domain morphology into consideration, we show that the carrier mobility can have a significant different behavior when compared to a one-phase system. When the energy offset is non-zero, we show that the mobility electric field dependence switches from negative to positive at a threshold field proportional to the energy offset. Additionally, the influence of morphology, through the domain size and the interfacial roughness parameters, on the transport was also investigated.

  9. Modeling the Energy Use of a Connected and Automated Transportation System (Poster)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gonder, J.; Brown, A.

    2014-07-01

    Early research points to large potential impacts of connected and automated vehicles (CAVs) on transportation energy use - dramatic savings, increased use, or anything in between. Due to a lack of suitable data and integrated modeling tools to explore these complex future systems, analyses to date have relied on simple combinations of isolated effects. This poster proposes a framework for modeling the potential energy implications from increasing penetration of CAV technologies and for assessing technology and policy options to steer them toward favorable energy outcomes. Current CAV modeling challenges include estimating behavior change, understanding potential vehicle-to-vehicle interactions, and assessing traffic flow and vehicle use under different automation scenarios. To bridge these gaps and develop a picture of potential future automated systems, NREL is integrating existing modeling capabilities with additional tools and data inputs to create a more fully integrated CAV assessment toolkit.

  10. A probability current analysis of energy transport in open quantum systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jan J. J. Roden; K. Birgitta Whaley

    2015-01-24

    We introduce a probability current analysis of excitation energy transfer between states of an open quantum system. Expressing the energy transfer through currents of excitation probability between the states in a site representation enables us to gain key insights into the energy transfer dynamics. It allows to, i) identify the pathways of energy transport in large networks of sites and to quantify their relative weights, ii) quantify the respective contributions of unitary dynamics, dephasing, and relaxation/dissipation processes to the energy transfer, and iii) quantify the contribution of coherence to the energy transfer. Our analysis is general and can be applied to a broad range of open quantum system descriptions (with coupling to non-Markovian environments) in a straightforward manner.

  11. SUBMITTED -IEEE/RSJ INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON INTELLIGENT ROBOTS AND SYSTEMS -2003 1 Coordination of Multiple Agents in 2D using an

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coordination of Multiple Agents in 2D using an Internet-Like Protocol Rafael Sandoval-Rodriguez , Chaouki T Mexico Albuquerque, NM 87131-0001 {rsandova,chaouki,hokayem}@eece.unm.edu Raymond H. Byrne Intelligent@sandia.gov Abstract This work presents an Internet-Like Protocol (ILP) to coordinate the formation of n second

  12. Advances toward a transportable antineutrino detector system for reactor monitoring and safeguards

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reyna, D.; Bernstein, A.; Lund, J.; Kiff, S.; Cabrera-Palmer, B.; Bowden, N. S.; Dazeley, S.; Keefer, G.

    2011-07-01

    Nuclear reactors have served as the neutrino source for many fundamental physics experiments. The techniques developed by these experiments make it possible to use these very weakly interacting particles for a practical purpose. The large flux of antineutrinos that leaves a reactor carries information about two quantities of interest for safeguards: the reactor power and fissile inventory. Our SNL/LLNL collaboration has demonstrated that such antineutrino based monitoring is feasible using a relatively small cubic meter scale liquid scintillator detector at tens of meters standoff from a commercial Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR). With little or no burden on the plant operator we have been able to remotely and automatically monitor the reactor operational status (on/off), power level, and fuel burnup. The initial detector was deployed in an underground gallery that lies directly under the containment dome of an operating PWR. The gallery is 25 meters from the reactor core center, is rarely accessed by plant personnel, and provides a muon-screening effect of some 20-30 meters of water equivalent earth and concrete overburden. Unfortunately, many reactor facilities do not contain an equivalent underground location. We have therefore attempted to construct a complete detector system which would be capable of operating in an aboveground location and could be transported to a reactor facility with relative ease. A standard 6-meter shipping container was used as our transportable laboratory - containing active and passive shielding components, the antineutrino detector and all electronics, as well as climate control systems. This aboveground system was deployed and tested at the San Onofre Nuclear Generating Station (SONGS) in southern California in 2010 and early 2011. We will first present an overview of the initial demonstrations of our below ground detector. Then we will describe the aboveground system and the technological developments of the two antineutrino detectors that were deployed. Finally, some preliminary results of our aboveground test will be shown. (authors)

  13. OVERVIEW ______ Sensors for Intelligent

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wadley, Haydn

    OVERVIEW ______ Sensors for Intelligent Processing of Materials Haydn N.G. Wadley INTRODUCTION A sensor is a device that detects and measures some physical/chemical quantity and outputs and outputs an electrical signal which can be used to characterize the vibration. Numer- ous types of sensors

  14. Utility Theory Social Intelligence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Polani, Daniel

    Utility Theory Social Intelligence Daniel Polani Utility Theory ­ p.1/15 Utilities: Motivation Consider: game scenario For Instance: 2-or-more players Necessary: development of concept for utilities decisions sequential decisions (time) games Utility The Prototypical Scenario Consider: agent that can take

  15. The Metropolitan Accessibility Project The purpose of a transportation system is to meet people's needs and get them where they

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Papalambros, Panos

    's needs and get them where they want to go. Rapid mobility may seem like the best way to do this most efficiently, but planning transportation systems based on mobility alone can have the effect of spreading development out over wide areas, making destinations harder to reach and making the system less sustainable

  16. Partitioning of Pb(II) during goethite and hematite crystallization: Implications for Pb transport in natural systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benning, Liane G.

    extraction procedures. The XRD data showed that hematite and goethite were the end-products in natural systems Hong Phuc Vu , Samuel Shaw 1 , Loredana Brinza 2 , Liane G. Benning School of Earth)oxide minerals has a sig- nificant influence on its partitioning and transport in many natural systems (e

  17. The principal function of the cardiopulmonary system is the matching of oxygen and carbon dioxide transport to the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bennett, Albert F.

    The principal function of the cardiopulmonary system is the matching of oxygen and carbon dioxide (fH), systemic blood flow (Q . sys), rate of oxygen consumption (V . O) and rate of carbon dioxide transport to the metabolic requirements of different tissues. Increased oxygen demands (V . O), for example

  18. For the MTS (Marine Transportation System Research & Technology) Conference The CCOM Chart-of-the-Future Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ware, Colin

    For the MTS (Marine Transportation System Research & Technology) Conference The CCOM Chart-of-the-Future Project: Maximizing Mariner Effectiveness through Fusion of Marine & Visualization Technologies Matthew D-of-the-Future Project is to develop a marine decision support system that takes full advantage of existing and emerging

  19. Macro-System Model for Hydrogen Energy Systems Analysis in Transportation: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Diakov, V.; Ruth, M.; Sa, T. J.; Goldsby, M. E.

    2012-06-01

    The Hydrogen Macro System Model (MSM) is a simulation tool that links existing and emerging hydrogen-related models to perform rapid, cross-cutting analysis. It allows analysis of the economics, primary energy-source requirements, and emissions of hydrogen production and delivery pathways.

  20. Safety evaluation for packaging transportation of equipment for tank 241-C-106 waste sluicing system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Calmus, D.B.

    1994-08-25

    A Waste Sluicing System (WSS) is scheduled for installation in nd waste storage tank 241-C-106 (106-C). The WSS will transfer high rating sludge from single shell tank 106-C to double shell waste tank 241-AY-102 (102-AY). Prior to installation of the WSS, a heel pump and a transfer pump will be removed from tank 106-C and an agitator pump will be removed from tank 102-AY. Special flexible receivers will be used to contain the pumps during removal from the tanks. After equipment removal, the flexible receivers will be placed in separate containers (packagings). The packaging and contents (packages) will be transferred from the Tank Farms to the Central Waste Complex (CWC) for interim storage and then to T Plant for evaluation and processing for final disposition. Two sizes of packagings will be provided for transferring the equipment from the Tank Farms to the interim storage facility. The packagings will be designated as the WSSP-1 and WSSP-2 packagings throughout the remainder of this Safety Evaluation for Packaging (SEP). The WSSP-1 packagings will transport the heel and transfer pumps from 106-C and the WSSP-2 packaging will transport the agitator pump from 102-AY. The WSSP-1 and WSSP-2 packagings are similar except for the length.

  1. Introduction to Artificial Intelligence Discuss what is meant by Artificial Intelligence (AI)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qu, Rong

    Introduction to Artificial Intelligence Objectives · Discuss what is meant by Artificial important AI tests and terms #12;Introduction to Artificial Intelligence Sections · What is Artificial to Artificial Intelligence Question 1 Can a Machine Ever Be Intelligent ? (survey) #12;Introduction

  2. Model documentation report: Transportation sector model of the National Energy Modeling System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-03-01

    This report documents the objectives, analytical approach and development of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) Transportation Model (TRAN). The report catalogues and describes the model assumptions, computational methodology, parameter estimation techniques, model source code, and forecast results generated by the model. This document serves three purposes. First, it is a reference document providing a detailed description of TRAN for model analysts, users, and the public. Second, this report meets the legal requirements of the Energy Information Administration (EIA) to provide adequate documentation in support of its statistical and forecast reports (Public Law 93-275, 57(b)(1)). Third, it permits continuity in model development by providing documentation from which energy analysts can undertake model enhancements, data updates, and parameter refinements.

  3. Space-Charge Limits on the Transport of Ion Beams in a Long Alternating Gradient System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tiefenback, M.G.

    2011-01-01

    valve allowed access to the source housing while leaving the transport section under vacuum, greatly reducing the outgassing

  4. electrifyingthefuture transportation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Birmingham, University of

    programme of electrification and the potential introduction of diesel hybrids. The Department for Transport vehicles Wind turbine systems Industrial equipment The lab has full ethernet capability which will enable

  5. Autonomous Intelligent Hybrid Propulsion Systems

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    2013 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting

  6. An experimental test plan for the characterization of molten salt thermochemical properties in heat transport systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pattrick Calderoni

    2010-09-01

    Molten salts are considered within the Very High Temperature Reactor program as heat transfer media because of their intrinsically favorable thermo-physical properties at temperatures starting from 300 C and extending up to 1200 C. In this context two main applications of molten salt are considered, both involving fluoride-based materials: as primary coolants for a heterogeneous fuel reactor core and as secondary heat transport medium to a helium power cycle for electricity generation or other processing plants, such as hydrogen production. The reference design concept here considered is the Advanced High Temperature Reactor (AHTR), which is a large passively safe reactor that uses solid graphite-matrix coated-particle fuel (similar to that used in gas-cooled reactors) and a molten salt primary and secondary coolant with peak temperatures between 700 and 1000 C, depending upon the application. However, the considerations included in this report apply to any high temperature system employing fluoride salts as heat transfer fluid, including intermediate heat exchangers for gas-cooled reactor concepts and homogenous molten salt concepts, and extending also to fast reactors, accelerator-driven systems and fusion energy systems. The purpose of this report is to identify the technical issues related to the thermo-physical and thermo-chemical properties of the molten salts that would require experimental characterization in order to proceed with a credible design of heat transfer systems and their subsequent safety evaluation and licensing. In particular, the report outlines an experimental R&D test plan that would have to be incorporated as part of the design and operation of an engineering scaled facility aimed at validating molten salt heat transfer components, such as Intermediate Heat Exchangers. This report builds on a previous review of thermo-physical properties and thermo-chemical characteristics of candidate molten salt coolants that was generated as part of the same project [1]. However, this work focuses on two materials: the LiF-BeF2 eutectic (67 and 33 mol%, respectively, also known as flibe) as primary coolant and the LiF-NaF-KF eutectic (46.5, 11.5, and 52 mol%, respectively, also known as flinak) as secondary heat transport fluid. At first common issues are identified, involving the preparation and purification of the materials as well as the development of suitable diagnostics. Than issues specific to each material and its application are considered, with focus on the compatibility with structural materials and the extension of the existing properties database.

  7. MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE LABORATORY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poggio, Tomaso

    MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE LABORATORY and CENTER FOR BIOLOGICAL and Applications Gideon P. Stein Amnon Shashua Artificial Intelligence Laboratory Institute of Computer Science MIT of Technology, 1995 This report describes research done at the Artificial Intelligence Laboratory

  8. MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE LABORATORY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poggio, Tomaso

    MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE LABORATORY and CENTER FOR BIOLOGICAL Sciences Massachusetts Institute of Technology Cambridge, MA 02139 y Artificial Intelligence Laboratory Institute of Technology, 1995. This report describes research done partly at the Artificial Intelligence

  9. The 2008 Artificial Intelligence Competition Valliappa Lakshmanan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lakshmanan, Valliappa

    The 2008 Artificial Intelligence Competition Valliappa Lakshmanan National Severe Storms Laboratory Pennsylvania State University Abstract The Artificial Intelligence Committee of the AMS conducted. The ranking was carried out using the True Skill Statistic. Introduction The Artificial Intelligence Comittee

  10. MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE LABORATORY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poggio, Tomaso

    MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE LABORATORY and CENTER FOR BIOLOGICAL and Computa­ tional Learning, and the Artificial Intelligence Laboratory of the Massachusetts Institute for the laboratory's artificial intelligence research is provided in part by the Advanced Research Projects Agency

  11. GUIDE TO CALCULATING TRANSPORT EFFICIENCY OF AEROSOLS IN OCCUPATIONAL AIR SAMPLING SYSTEMS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hogue, M.; Hadlock, D.; Thompson, M.; Farfan, E.

    2013-11-12

    This report will present hand calculations for transport efficiency based on aspiration efficiency and particle deposition losses. Because the hand calculations become long and tedious, especially for lognormal distributions of aerosols, an R script (R 2011) will be provided for each element examined. Calculations are provided for the most common elements in a remote air sampling system, including a thin-walled probe in ambient air, straight tubing, bends and a sample housing. One popular alternative approach would be to put such calculations in a spreadsheet, a thorough version of which is shared by Paul Baron via the Aerocalc spreadsheet (Baron 2012). To provide greater transparency and to avoid common spreadsheet vulnerabilities to errors (Burns 2012), this report uses R. The particle size is based on the concept of activity median aerodynamic diameter (AMAD). The AMAD is a particle size in an aerosol where fifty percent of the activity in the aerosol is associated with particles of aerodynamic diameter greater than the AMAD. This concept allows for the simplification of transport efficiency calculations where all particles are treated as spheres with the density of water (1 g?cm-3). In reality, particle densities depend on the actual material involved. Particle geometries can be very complicated. Dynamic shape factors are provided by Hinds (Hinds 1999). Some example factors are: 1.00 for a sphere, 1.08 for a cube, 1.68 for a long cylinder (10 times as long as it is wide), 1.05 to 1.11 for bituminous coal, 1.57 for sand and 1.88 for talc. Revision 1 is made to correct an error in the original version of this report. The particle distributions are based on activity weighting of particles rather than based on the number of particles of each size. Therefore, the mass correction made in the original version is removed from the text and the calculations. Results affected by the change are updated.

  12. Reactive transport modeling of stable carbon isotope fractionation in a multi-phase multi-component system during carbon sequestration

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Zhang, Shuo; DePaolo, Donald J.; Zheng, Liange; Mayer, Bernhard

    2014-12-31

    Carbon stable isotopes can be used in characterization and monitoring of CO2 sequestration sites to track the migration of the CO2 plume and identify leakage sources, and to evaluate the chemical reactions that take place in the CO2-water-rock system. However, there are few tools available to incorporate stable isotope information into flow and transport codes used for CO2 sequestration problems. We present a numerical tool for modeling the transport of stable carbon isotopes in multiphase reactive systems relevant to geologic carbon sequestration. The code is an extension of the reactive transport code TOUGHREACT. The transport module of TOUGHREACT was modifiedmore »to include separate isotopic species of CO2 gas and dissolved inorganic carbon (CO2, CO32-, HCO3-,…). Any process of transport or reaction influencing a given carbon species also influences its isotopic ratio. Isotopic fractionation is thus fully integrated within the dynamic system. The chemical module and database have been expanded to include isotopic exchange and fractionation between the carbon species in both gas and aqueous phases. The performance of the code is verified by modeling ideal systems and comparing with theoretical results. Efforts are also made to fit field data from the Pembina CO2 injection project in Canada. We show that the exchange of carbon isotopes between dissolved and gaseous carbon species combined with fluid flow and transport, produce isotopic effects that are significantly different from simple two-component mixing. These effects are important for understanding the isotopic variations observed in field demonstrations.« less

  13. Reactive transport modeling of stable carbon isotope fractionation in a multi-phase multi-component system during carbon sequestration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, Shuo [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); DePaolo, Donald J. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Zheng, Liange [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Mayer, Bernhard [Univ. of Calgary (Canada). Dept. of Geosciences

    2014-12-31

    Carbon stable isotopes can be used in characterization and monitoring of CO2 sequestration sites to track the migration of the CO2 plume and identify leakage sources, and to evaluate the chemical reactions that take place in the CO2-water-rock system. However, there are few tools available to incorporate stable isotope information into flow and transport codes used for CO2 sequestration problems. We present a numerical tool for modeling the transport of stable carbon isotopes in multiphase reactive systems relevant to geologic carbon sequestration. The code is an extension of the reactive transport code TOUGHREACT. The transport module of TOUGHREACT was modified to include separate isotopic species of CO2 gas and dissolved inorganic carbon (CO2, CO32-, HCO3-,…). Any process of transport or reaction influencing a given carbon species also influences its isotopic ratio. Isotopic fractionation is thus fully integrated within the dynamic system. The chemical module and database have been expanded to include isotopic exchange and fractionation between the carbon species in both gas and aqueous phases. The performance of the code is verified by modeling ideal systems and comparing with theoretical results. Efforts are also made to fit field data from the Pembina CO2 injection project in Canada. We show that the exchange of carbon isotopes between dissolved and gaseous carbon species combined with fluid flow and transport, produce isotopic effects that are significantly different from simple two-component mixing. These effects are important for understanding the isotopic variations observed in field demonstrations.

  14. Energy transport in weakly nonlinear wave systems with narrow frequency band excitation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elena Kartashova

    2012-09-29

    A novel discrete model (D-model) is presented describing nonlinear wave interactions in systems with small and moderate nonlinearity under narrow frequency band excitation. It integrates in a single theoretical frame two mechanisms of energy transport between modes, namely intermittency and energy cascade and gives conditions when which regime will take place. Conditions for the formation of a cascade, cascade direction, conditions for cascade termination, etc. are given and depend strongly on the choice of excitation parameters. The energy spectra of a cascade may be computed yielding discrete and continuous energy spectra. The model does not need statistical assumptions as all effects are derived from the interaction of distinct modes. In the example given -- surface water waves with dispersion function $\\o^2=g\\,k$ and small nonlinearity -- D-model predicts asymmetrical growth of side-bands for Benjamin-Feir instability while transition from discrete to continuous energy spectrum excitation parameters properly chosen yields the saturated Phillips' power spectrum $\\sim g^2\\o^{-5}$. D-model can be applied to the experimental and theoretical study of numerous wave systems appearing in hydrodynamics, nonlinear optics, electrodynamics, plasma, convection theory, etc.

  15. Transportable Vitrification System RCRA Closure Practical Waste Disposition Saves Time And Money

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brill, Angie; Boles, Roger; Byars, Woody

    2003-02-26

    The Transportable Vitrification System (TVS) was a large-scale vitrification system for the treatment of mixed wastes. The wastes contained both hazardous and radioactive materials in the form of sludge, soil, and ash. The TVS was developed to be moved to various United States Department of Energy (DOE) facilities to vitrify mixed waste as needed. The TVS consists of four primary modules: (1) Waste and Additive Materials Processing Module; (2) Melter Module; (3) Emissions Control Module; and (4) Control and Services Module. The TVS was demonstrated at the East Tennessee Technology Park (ETTP) during September and October of 1997. During this period, approximately 16,000 pounds of actual mixed waste was processed, producing over 17,000 pounds of glass. After the demonstration was complete it was determined that it was more expensive to use the TVS unit to treat and dispose of mixed waste than to direct bury this waste in Utah permitted facility. Thus, DOE had to perform a Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) closure of the facility and find a reuse for as much of the equipment as possible. This paper will focus on the following items associated with this successful RCRA closure project: TVS site closure design and implementation; characterization activities focused on waste disposition; pollution prevention through reuse; waste minimization efforts to reduce mixed waste to be disposed; and lessons learned that would be integrated in future projects of this magnitude.

  16. Submitted 2/08 International Conference on Research in Air Transportation (ICRAT 2008) www.icrat.org Copyright Center for Air Transportation Systems Research (CATSR)/GMU 02/08

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .icrat.org 1 Copyright Center for Air Transportation Systems Research (CATSR)/GMU 02/08 Analysis of Air throughput and provides reliable service to its customers. This paper describes the results of an analysis of the air transportation characteristics of the NYC metroplex airports: · The metroplex has service to 109

  17. Transport of oxygen in soil pore-water systems: implications for modeling emissions of carbon dioxide and methane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    andaresignificantsourcesofgreenhousegases,including carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4) emissions. The traditional approachTransport of oxygen in soil pore-water systems: implications for modeling emissions of carbon of CH4 is 24 times greater than that of carbon dioxide (CO2) over a 100-year time scale (Ramaswamy et al

  18. MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE LABORATORY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poggio, Tomaso

    MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE LABORATORY and CENTER FOR BIOLOGICAL and Cognitive Sciences and the Artificial Intelligence Laboratory at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  19. MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE LABORATORY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poggio, Tomaso

    MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE LABORATORY and CENTER FOR BIOLOGICAL research done at the Center for Biological & Computational Learning and the Artificial Intelligence

  20. MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE LABORATORY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poggio, Tomaso

    MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE LABORATORY and CENTER FOR BIOLOGICAL and the Artificial Intelligence Laboratory of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. This research was sponsored

  1. MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE LABORATORY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poggio, Tomaso

    MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE LABORATORY and CENTER FOR BIOLOGICAL and Computational Learning in the Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences and at the Artificial Intelligence

  2. MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE LABORATORY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poggio, Tomaso

    MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE LABORATORY and CENTER FOR BIOLOGICAL for Biological and Computational Learning and the Artificial Intelligence Laboratory of the Massachusetts

  3. Transportation impacts on the Tennessee highway system proposed monitored retrievable storage

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cobble, C.

    1985-12-12

    The issue of the transport of spent fuels to the proposed monitored retrievable storage facility in Tennessee is discussed. Relevant issues include the ability of the roads and bridges on the transport routes to handle the weight of the trucks. (CBS)

  4. Transportation impacts on the Tennessee highway system proposed monitored retrievable storage. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cobble, C.

    1985-12-12

    The issue of the transport of spent fuels to the proposed monitored retrievable storage facility in Tennessee is discussed. Relevant issues include the ability of the roads and bridges on the transport routes to handle the weight of the trucks. (CBS)

  5. Construction and early test results of waste transport in piping systems served by ULF water closets 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carrier, Jonathan Gerald

    2003-01-01

    The intent of this study was to determine if there is a correlation between discharge curves and venting on waste transport. Test stands were built to facilitate discharge curve and waste transport testing at the ESL Laboratory of Texas A&M. Tests...

  6. Discoveryourself.Startwiththeworld. ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, Jesse

    1 Discoveryourself.Startwiththeworld. New option B ig D ata A nalytics #12;32 ARTIFICIAL, through natural language as well as through vision, sensors and movement. A robot that can represent its that we tend to consider typical of intelligent living beings. WHY STUDY ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE

  7. Transportation Perspectives on Automotive Cyber Physical System: Integrating Hardware-in-the-Loop, Software-in-the-Loop and Human-in-the-Loop Simulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rajkumar, Ragunathan "Raj"

    1 Transportation Perspectives on Automotive Cyber Physical System: Integrating Hardware and development environment to evaluate automotive cyber physical system (CPS) as well as its components foundation of the automotive CPS for developing and testing vehicular networking and sensing technologies

  8. Use of depleted uranium metal as cask shielding in high-level waste storage, transport, and disposal systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yoshimura, H.R.; Ludwigsen, J.S.; McAllaster, M.E. [and others

    1996-09-01

    The US DOE has amassed over 555,000 metric tons of depleted uranium from its uranium enrichment operations. Rather than dispose of this depleted uranium as waste, this study explores a beneficial use of depleted uranium as metal shielding in casks designed to contain canisters of vitrified high-level waste. Two high-level waste storage, transport, and disposal shielded cask systems are analyzed. The first system employs a shielded storage and disposal cask having a separate reusable transportation overpack. The second system employs a shielded combined storage, transport, and disposal cask. Conceptual cask designs that hold 1, 3, 4 and 7 high-level waste canisters are described for both systems. In all cases, cask design feasibility was established and analyses indicate that these casks meet applicable thermal, structural, shielding, and contact-handled requirements. Depleted uranium metal casting, fabrication, environmental, and radiation compatibility considerations are discussed and found to pose no serious implementation problems. About one-fourth of the depleted uranium inventory would be used to produce the casks required to store and dispose of the nearly 15,400 high-level waste canisters that would be produced. This study estimates the total-system cost for the preferred 7-canister storage and disposal configuration having a separate transportation overpack would be $6.3 billion. When credits are taken for depleted uranium disposal cost, a cost that would be avoided if depleted uranium were used as cask shielding material rather than disposed of as waste, total system net costs are between $3.8 billion and $5.5 billion.

  9. Artificial Intelligence 47 (1991) 31-56 31 Logic and artificial intelligence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pratt, Vaughan

    1991-01-01

    Artificial Intelligence 47 (1991) 31-56 31 Elsevier Logic and artificial intelligence Nils J Abstract Nilsson, N.J., Logic and artificial intelligence, Artificial Intelligence 47 (1990) 31-56. The theoretical foundations of the logical approach to artificial intelligence are presented. Logical languages

  10. Oxygen transport membrane system and method for transferring heat to catalytic/process reactors

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kelly, Sean M; Kromer, Brian R; Litwin, Michael M; Rosen, Lee J; Christie, Gervase Maxwell; Wilson, Jamie R; Kosowski, Lawrence W; Robinson, Charles

    2014-01-07

    A method and apparatus for producing heat used in a synthesis gas production is provided. The disclosed method and apparatus include a plurality of tubular oxygen transport membrane elements adapted to separate oxygen from an oxygen containing stream contacting the retentate side of the membrane elements. The permeated oxygen is combusted with a hydrogen containing synthesis gas stream contacting the permeate side of the tubular oxygen transport membrane elements thereby generating a reaction product stream and radiant heat. The present method and apparatus also includes at least one catalytic reactor containing a catalyst to promote the stream reforming reaction wherein the catalytic reactor is surrounded by the plurality of tubular oxygen transport membrane elements. The view factor between the catalytic reactor and the plurality of tubular oxygen transport membrane elements radiating heat to the catalytic reactor is greater than or equal to 0.5.

  11. Modeling Studies on the Transport of Benzene and H2S in CO2-Water Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, L.

    2011-01-01

    Studies on the Transport of Benzene and H 2 S in CO 2 -WaterSolubility measurements of benzene and the alkylbenzenes inDeguchi, 1987. Solubility benzene-hydrocarbon binary mixture

  12. Unintended effects of federal transportation policy: a look at the lifecycle costs of the interstate system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lukmann, Andrew T

    2009-01-01

    The federal surface transportation program in the United States stands at a crossroads. Short on money and lacking vision, the program is in need of reevaluation and reform. This thesis attempts to illustrate the current ...

  13. Systems-level design of ion transport membrane oxy-combustion power plants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mancini, Nicholas D. (Nicholas David)

    2011-01-01

    Oxy-fuel combustion, particularly using an integrated oxygen ion transport membrane (ITM), is a thermodynamically attractive concept that seeks to mitigate the penalties associated with CO 2 capture from power plants. ...

  14. Sustainable Transportation Decision-Making: Spatial Decision Support Systems (SDSS) and Total Cost Analysis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Hwan Yong

    2013-04-04

    Building a new infrastructure facility requires a significant amount of time and expense. This is particularly true for investments in transportation for their longstanding and great degree of impact on society. The scope ...

  15. Development of a radiative transport based, fluorescence-enhanced, frequency-domain small animal imaging system 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rasmussen, John C.

    2009-05-15

    method and integral transport theory are used to model the numerical apertures of fiber optic sources and detectors. The accuracy of the RTE solver was validated against diffusion and Monte Carlo predictions and experimental data. The comparisons were...

  16. 1642 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INTELLIGENT TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS, VOL. 14, NO. 4, DECEMBER 2013 Minimal-Energy Driving Strategy for High-Speed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tong, Lang

    , including the extended speed range, energy efficiency, and regenerative braking. Based on this model, train the regenerative brake to feed back the kinetic energy, etc. On the other hand, a proper driving strategy can also

  17. 20 January 2009 About GCC Contact Adesta To Design, Build and Maintain $30.7M Intelligent Transportation System for Massachusetts |

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -on-year, for a new vehicle market share of 2.4% ofr the month. Global Energy Consumption Up; Coal Fastest Growing began in August, continued to support global energy consumption. Although Growth in primary energy responsible for about 20 to 25% of the global fossil fuel consumption. Because of climate change

  18. Transportation and its Infrastructure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01

    of reduction options/ AERO. Ministry of Transport, Publicfrom aviation with the AERO modeling system Part I.from aviation with the AERO modeling system. Montreal,

  19. Transportation Systems Planning and Analysis v0 Fall 2013/2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singh, Jaswinder Pal

    ://www.bts.gov/publications/national_transportation_statistics/2013/pdf/entire.pdf Energy Flow Diagram: Total Energy_wRejected 2011 ClassicView Energy Outlook: http://www.eia.doe.gov/oiaf/aeo/pdf/0383(2010).pdf http://www.eia.doe.gov/oiaf/aeo/index.html World Oil Demand & Reserves: http. Planning and Analysis Tools of Transportation Demand and Investment Week 2 Mon Sep 23 Modeling

  20. Transportation Systems Planning and Analysis v0 Fall 2014/2015

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singh, Jaswinder Pal

    ://www.bts.gov/publications/national_transportation_statistics/2013/pdf/entire.pdf Energy Flow Diagram: Total Energy_wRejected 2011 ClassicView Energy Outlook: http://www.eia.doe.gov/oiaf/aeo/pdf/0383(2010).pdf http://www.eia.doe.gov/oiaf/aeo/index.html World Oil Demand & Reserves: http (PodcarPaper) Part 2. Planning and Analysis Tools of Transportation Demand and Investment Week 2 Mon Sep

  1. A Review of Object-Oriented Approaches in Geographical Information Systems for Transportation Modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kwan, Mei-Po; Golledge, Reginald G.; Speigle, Jon M.

    1996-01-01

    Journal of Geographical Information Systems, 7, I: 39-55.oriented geographical information system. Internationalcomponentof geographical information systems. International

  2. Intelligent Component Monitoring for Nuclear Power Plants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lefteri Tsoukalas

    2010-07-30

    Reliability and economy are two major concerns for a nuclear power generation system. Next generation nuclear power reactors are being developed to be more reliable and economic. An effective and efficient surveillance system can generously contribute toward this goal. Recent progress in computer systems and computational tools has made it necessary and possible to upgrade current surveillance/monitoring strategy for better performance. For example, intelligent computing techniques can be applied to develop algorithm that help people better understand the information collected from sensors and thus reduce human error to a new low level. Incidents incurred from human error in nuclear industry are not rare and have been proven costly. The goal of this project is to develop and test an intelligent prognostics methodology for predicting aging effects impacting long-term performance of nuclear components and systems. The approach is particularly suitable for predicting the performance of nuclear reactor systems which have low failure probabilities (e.g., less than 10-6 year-). Such components and systems are often perceived as peripheral to the reactor and are left somewhat unattended. That is, even when inspected, if they are not perceived to be causing some immediate problem, they may not be paid due attention. Attention to such systems normally involves long term monitoring and possibly reasoning with multiple features and evidence, requirements that are not best suited for humans.

  3. Leveraging Intelligent Vehicle Technologies to Maximize Fuel Economy (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gonder, J.

    2011-11-01

    Advancements in vehicle electronics, along with communication and sensing technologies, have led to a growing number of intelligent vehicle applications. Example systems include those for advanced driver information, route planning and prediction, driver assistance, and crash avoidance. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory is exploring ways to leverage intelligent vehicle systems to achieve fuel savings. This presentation discusses several potential applications, such as providing intelligent feedback to drivers on specific ways to improve their driving efficiency, and using information about upcoming driving to optimize electrified vehicle control strategies for maximum energy efficiency and battery life. The talk also covers the potential of Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (ADAS) and related technologies to deliver significant fuel savings in addition to providing safety and convenience benefits.

  4. Columbia River System Operation Review : Final Environmental Impact Statement, Appendix C: Anadromous Fish and Juvenile Fish Transportation.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Columbia River System Operation Review

    1995-11-01

    This Appendix C of the Final Environmental Impact Statement for the Columbia River System discusses impacts on andromous fish and juvenile fish transportation. The principal andromous fish in the Columbia basin include salmonid species (Chinook, coho, and sockeye salmon, and steelhead) and nonsalmoinid andromous species (sturgeon, lamprey, and shad). Major sections in this document include the following: background, scope and process; affected environment for salmon and steelhead, shaded, lamprey, sturgeon; study methods; description of alternatives: qualitative and quantitative findings.

  5. Smart Grid Impact on Intelligent Buildings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zimmer, R. J.

    2013-01-01

    ?and?applications?that?go?well? beyond??smart??meters?for?homes?and?business Source:?NIST?Framework?and?Roadmap?for? Smart?Grid?Interoperability?Standards? Release?1.0?(Draft),?September?2009. Source:?CABA?s?Smart?Grid?Impact?on? Intelligent?Buildings 7 Building Management System...?profile? ? The?energy?consumption?will?be? monitored?and?system?faults?identified? ? Usage?data?will?be?available?every?5?? 30? minutes ? Many?different?software?packages?are? available?to?be?linked?to?the?client?s?BMS? ? DR2?is?mostly?automated? ? There...

  6. General Shape Grammar Interpreter for Intelligent Designs Generations Artificial Intelligence Research Institute

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rodríguez, Inmaculada

    General Shape Grammar Interpreter for Intelligent Designs Generations T. Trescak Artificial@maia.ub.es M. Esteva Artificial Intelligence Research Institute Spanish Council for Scientific Research visualization and artificial intelligent technologies have motivated the evolution of traditional computer aided

  7. Sensor-to-symbol Reasoning for Embedded Intelligence David Kortenkamp and Patrick Beeson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beeson, Patrick

    Sensor-to-symbol Reasoning for Embedded Intelligence David Kortenkamp and Patrick Beeson TRACLabs, intelligent system has sensors that connect it to the world. These sensors generate low-level data that rep Inc. korten@traclabs.com Nick Cassimatis RPI cassin@rpi.edu Abstract Sensor-to-symbol conversion lies

  8. American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Automation Bias in Intelligent Time Critical Decision

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cummings, Mary "Missy"

    American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics 1 Automation Bias in Intelligent Time Critical levels of automation can be introduced by intelligent decision support systems, from fully automated, where the operator is completely left out of the decision process, to minimal levels of automation

  9. Adaptive Robust Control: Theory and Applications to Integrated Design of Intelligent and Precision

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yao, Bin

    Adaptive Robust Control: Theory and Applications to Integrated Design of Intelligent and Precision adaptive robust control (ARC) theory that has been developed recently well reflects such an intuitive Mechatronic Systems Bin Yao Intelligent and Precision Control Laboratory School of Mechanical Engineering

  10. B.T. Gattefoss N 96 -2003 25 NEW BIOMATERIALS FOR INTELLIGENT BIOSENSING,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peppas, Nicholas A.

    B.T. Gattefossé N° 96 - 2003 25 NEW BIOMATERIALS FOR INTELLIGENT BIOSENSING, RECOGNITIVE DRUG-0231 JournéesGaléniques,2003 Summary Engineering the molecular design of intelligent biomaterials by controlling in dental systems, polymeric catheters, 1. Introduction Recognition in nature is a complex orchestration

  11. To appear in: Embodied Artificial Intelligence (2004) Springer-Verlag Removing some `A' from AI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2004-01-01

    To appear in: Embodied Artificial Intelligence (2004) Springer-Verlag Removing some `A' from AI://www.ece.gatech.edu/research/neuro/ #12;EMBODIED ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE (pre-print) Springer-Verlag 2 tissue and engineered systems. We to AI since the advent of the perceptron and consequent artificial neural networks, developed using

  12. DISTRIBUTED OPTIMIZATION AND CONTROL OF OFFSHORE OIL PRODUCTION: THE INTELLIGENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foss, Bjarne A.

    DISTRIBUTED OPTIMIZATION AND CONTROL OF OFFSHORE OIL PRODUCTION: THE INTELLIGENT PLATFORM Michael R to distributed optimization and control of offshore oil production systems. The model incorporates a complex pipeline network. Oil and gas production systems are represented as a network of connected hierarchical

  13. Spatial Information and Intelligence http://spatial.ist.psu.edu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Squicciarini, Anna Cinzia

    -Computer Interaction. He conducts research in the areas of geographical information systems, geocollaboration, human approaches toward natural, multi-modal, multi-user dialogue-enabled interfaces to geographic information. OVERVIEW Current computing systems for spatial information and spatial intelligence restrict human

  14. 3D PRINTING FOR INTELLIGENT METALLIC STRUCTURES M. Strantza1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    3D PRINTING FOR INTELLIGENT METALLIC STRUCTURES M. Strantza1 , D. De Baere2 , M. Rombouts3 , SSHM system is produced by 3D printing or additive manufacturing. Additive Manufacturing (AM) is a "process to enable its implementation. This work demonstrates the feasibility study of eSHM systems produced by 3D

  15. The Identification and Optimization of the HVAC Partial Subsystems in Intelligent Buildings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Z.; Xiong, Y.

    2004-01-01

    This paper presents on modeling of outside air systems (OAS) and air condition systems (ACS) of intelligent buildings (IB). The open loop identification estimation method is adopted for uncorrelated noises between the input and output (I...

  16. Evaluation of Storage for Transportation Equipment, Unfueled Convertors, and Fueled Convertors at the INL for the Radioisotope Power Systems Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    S. G. Johnson; K. L. Lively

    2010-05-01

    This report contains an evaluation of the storage conditions required for several key components and/or systems of the Radioisotope Power Systems (RPS) Program at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL). These components/systems (transportation equipment, i.e., type ‘B’ shipping casks and the radioisotope thermo-electric generator transportation systems (RTGTS), the unfueled convertors, i.e., multi-hundred watt (MHW) and general purpose heat source (GPHS) RTGs, and fueled convertors of several types) are currently stored in several facilities at the Materials and Fuels Complex (MFC) site. For various reasons related to competing missions, inherent growth of the RPS mission at the INL and enhanced efficiency, it is necessary to evaluate their current storage situation and recommend the approach that should be pursued going forward for storage of these vital RPS components and systems. The reasons that drive this evaluation include, but are not limited to the following: 1) conflict with other missions at the INL of higher priority, 2) increasing demands from the INL RPS Program that exceed the physical capacity of the current storage areas and 3) the ability to enhance our current capability to care for our equipment, decrease maintenance costs and increase the readiness posture of the systems.

  17. Note: Reliable and non-contact 6D motion tracking system based on 2D laser scanners for cargo transportation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kim, Young-Keun, E-mail: ykkim@handong.edu [Department of Mechanical and Control Engineering, Handong Global University, Pohang (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Kyung-Soo [Department of Mechanical Engineering, KAIST, Daejeon 305-701 (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-10-15

    Maritime transportation demands an accurate measurement system to track the motion of oscillating container boxes in real time. However, it is a challenge to design a sensor system that can provide both reliable and non-contact methods of 6-DOF motion measurements of a remote object for outdoor applications. In the paper, a sensor system based on two 2D laser scanners is proposed for detecting the relative 6-DOF motion of a crane load in real time. Even without implementing a camera, the proposed system can detect the motion of a remote object using four laser beam points. Because it is a laser-based sensor, the system is expected to be highly robust to sea weather conditions.

  18. Computers for artificial intelligence a technology assessment and forecast

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miller, R.K.

    1986-01-01

    This study reviews the development and current state-of-the-art in computers for artificial intelligence, including LISP machines, AI workstations, professional and engineering workstations, minicomputers, mainframes, and supercomputers. Major computer systems for AI applications are reviewed. The use of personal computers for expert system development is discussed, and AI software for the IBM PC, Texas Instrument Professional Computer, and Apple MacIntosh is presented. Current research aimed at developing a new computer for artificial intelligence is described, and future technological developments are discussed.

  19. New Progress in Artificial Intelligence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Winston, Patrick H.

    1974-09-01

    This report concentrates on progress during the last two years at the M.I.T. Artificial Intelligence Laboratory. Topics covered include the representation of knowledge, understanding English, learning and debugging, ...

  20. Efficiency of Charge Transport in a Polypeptide Chain: The Isolated System Sheh-Yi Sheu, E. W. Schlag,*, Dah-Yen Yang, and H. L. Selzle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheu, Sheh-Yi

    Efficiency of Charge Transport in a Polypeptide Chain: The Isolated System Sheh-Yi Sheu, E. W and energy and hence provides a model for chemical reaction at a distance. The high efficiency of charge The protein interestingly shows a very much higher charge transport efficiency as an isolated molecule