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1

US Country Studies Program | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Country Studies Program Country Studies Program Jump to: navigation, search Name US Country Studies Program Agency/Company /Organization United States Government Sector Energy, Land Website http://www.gcrio.org/CSP/ Program Start 1993 References US Country Studies Program[1] From: http://www.gcrio.org/CSP/ap.html The U.S. Country Studies Program provides financial and technical assistance to developing and transition countries for climate change studies. The program was announced by the President prior to the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) in Brazil in 1992. The first round of two-year studies began in October 1993, and a second round followed in October 1994. Fifty-six countries on five continents currently participate in the program. Regional and sectoral

2

LBNL Developing Countries Studies | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

LBNL Developing Countries Studies LBNL Developing Countries Studies (Redirected from Developing Countries Studies) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Developing Countries Studies at LBNL Name Developing Countries Studies at LBNL Agency/Company /Organization Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency Topics GHG inventory, Resource assessment, Background analysis Resource Type Dataset, Software/modeling tools, Presentation Website http://ies.lbl.gov/node/251 References Lawrence Berkeley [1] Abstract LBNL's International Energy Studies Group is involved in a number of activities relating to energy use in developing countries and climate change. LBNL's International Energy Studies Group is involved in a number of activities relating to energy use in developing countries and climate

3

Systems approaches to integrated solid waste management in developing countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Solid waste management (SWM) has become an issue of increasing global concern as urban populations continue to rise and consumption patterns change. The health and environmental implications associated with SWM are mounting in urgency, particularly in the context of developing countries. While systems analyses largely targeting well-defined, engineered systems have been used to help SWM agencies in industrialized countries since the 1960s, collection and removal dominate the SWM sector in developing countries. This review contrasts the history and current paradigms of SWM practices and policies in industrialized countries with the current challenges and complexities faced in developing country SWM. In industrialized countries, public health, environment, resource scarcity, climate change, and public awareness and participation have acted as SWM drivers towards the current paradigm of integrated SWM. However, urbanization, inequality, and economic growth; cultural and socio-economic aspects; policy, governance, and institutional issues; and international influences have complicated SWM in developing countries. This has limited the applicability of approaches that were successful along the SWM development trajectories of industrialized countries. This review demonstrates the importance of founding new SWM approaches for developing country contexts in post-normal science and complex, adaptive systems thinking.

Rachael E. Marshall; Khosrow Farahbakhsh

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

LBNL Developing Countries Studies | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Countries Studies Countries Studies Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Developing Countries Studies at LBNL Name Developing Countries Studies at LBNL Agency/Company /Organization Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency Topics GHG inventory, Resource assessment, Background analysis Resource Type Dataset, Software/modeling tools, Presentation Website http://ies.lbl.gov/node/251 References Lawrence Berkeley [1] Abstract LBNL's International Energy Studies Group is involved in a number of activities relating to energy use in developing countries and climate change. LBNL's International Energy Studies Group is involved in a number of activities relating to energy use in developing countries and climate change. Developed international energy use data and emissions scenarios for

5

EWIS European wind integration study (Smart Grid Project) (Germany...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

EWIS European wind integration study (Smart Grid Project) (Germany) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name EWIS European wind integration study Country Germany Coordinates...

6

EWIS European wind integration study (Smart Grid Project) (Netherlands...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

EWIS European wind integration study (Smart Grid Project) (Netherlands) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name EWIS European wind integration study Country Netherlands...

7

Distributed Generation Study/VIP Country Club | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

VIP Country Club VIP Country Club < Distributed Generation Study Jump to: navigation, search Study Location New Rochelle, New York Site Description Commercial-Other Study Type Long-term Monitoring Technology Microturbine Prime Mover Capstone C60 Heat Recovery Systems Built-in Fuel Natural Gas System Installer Advanced Power Systems System Enclosure Indoor System Application Combined Heat and Power Number of Prime Movers 3 Stand-alone Capability Seamless Power Rating 180 kW0.18 MW 180,000 W 180,000,000 mW 1.8e-4 GW 1.8e-7 TW Nominal Voltage (V) 480 Heat Recovery Rating (BTU/hr) 750000 Cooling Capacity (Refrig/Tons) Origin of Controller Manufacturer-Integrated Component Integration Factory Integrated Start Date 2006/01/24 Monitoring Termination Date 1969/12/31 Primary Power Application Based Load

8

HEALTH IN FRAGILE STATES COUNTRY CASE STUDY: NORTHERN UGANDA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

HEALTH IN FRAGILE STATES COUNTRY CASE STUDY: NORTHERN UGANDA JUNE 2006 This publication COUNTRY CASE STUDY: NORTHERN UGANDA The authors' views expressed in this publication do not necessarily States, Country Case Study: Northern Uganda. Arlington, Virginia, USA: Basic Support

Scharfstein, Daniel

9

Low Carbon Growth Country Studies Program | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Country Studies Program Country Studies Program Jump to: navigation, search Name Low Carbon Growth Country Studies Program Agency/Company /Organization Energy Sector Management Assistance Program of the World Bank Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Buildings, Energy Efficiency, Industry, Transportation Topics Background analysis, Baseline projection, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.esmap.org/esmap/ Country Poland, Republic of Macedonia UN Region Northern Europe References ESMAP-Macedonia-Low Carbon Growth Country Studies Program[1] References ↑ "ESMAP-Macedonia-Low Carbon Growth Country Studies Program" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Low_Carbon_Growth_Country_Studies_Program&oldid=576259"

10

Low-Carbon Growth Country Studies: Getting Started Experience from Six  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Low-Carbon Growth Country Studies: Getting Started Experience from Six Low-Carbon Growth Country Studies: Getting Started Experience from Six Countries Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Low-Carbon Growth Country Studies: Getting Started Experience from Six Countries Agency/Company /Organization: Energy Sector Management Assistance Program of the World Bank Sector: Energy, Land Topics: Low emission development planning Resource Type: Lessons learned/best practices Website: prod-http-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com//w/images/d/d1/LCCG Country: China, Indonesia, Poland, Mexico, South Africa, India Eastern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Eastern Europe, Central America, Southern Africa, Southern Asia References: Low-Carbon Growth Country Studies: Getting Started Experience from Six Countries[1]

11

Republic of Macedonia-Low Carbon Growth Country Studies Program | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Republic of Macedonia-Low Carbon Growth Country Studies Program Republic of Macedonia-Low Carbon Growth Country Studies Program Jump to: navigation, search Name Republic of Macedonia-Low Carbon Growth Country Studies Program Agency/Company /Organization Energy Sector Management Assistance Program of the World Bank Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Buildings, Energy Efficiency, Industry, Transportation Topics Background analysis, Baseline projection, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.esmap.org/esmap/ Country Republic of Macedonia UN Region Northern Europe References ESMAP-Macedonia-Low Carbon Growth Country Studies Program[1] References ↑ "ESMAP-Macedonia-Low Carbon Growth Country Studies Program" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Republic_of_Macedonia-Low_Carbon_Growth_Country_Studies_Program&oldid=700212

12

Poland-Low Carbon Growth Country Studies Program | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Poland-Low Carbon Growth Country Studies Program Poland-Low Carbon Growth Country Studies Program Jump to: navigation, search Name Poland-Low Carbon Growth Country Studies Program Agency/Company /Organization Energy Sector Management Assistance Program of the World Bank Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Buildings, Energy Efficiency, Industry, Transportation Topics Background analysis, Baseline projection, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.esmap.org/esmap/ Country Poland UN Region Northern Europe References ESMAP-Macedonia-Low Carbon Growth Country Studies Program[1] References ↑ "ESMAP-Macedonia-Low Carbon Growth Country Studies Program" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Poland-Low_Carbon_Growth_Country_Studies_Program&oldid=700210"

13

Integrated nonthermal treatment system study  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the results of a study of nonthermal treatment technologies. The study consisted of a systematic assessment of five nonthermal treatment alternatives. The treatment alternatives consist of widely varying technologies for safely destroying the hazardous organic components, reducing the volume, and preparing for final disposal of the contact-handled mixed low-level waste (MLLW) currently stored in the US Department of Energy complex. The alternatives considered were innovative nonthermal treatments for organic liquids and sludges, process residue, soil and debris. Vacuum desorption or various washing approaches are considered for treatment of soil, residue and debris. Organic destruction methods include mediated electrochemical oxidation, catalytic wet oxidation, and acid digestion. Other methods studied included stabilization technologies and mercury separation of treatment residues. This study is a companion to the integrated thermal treatment study which examined 19 alternatives for thermal treatment of MLLW waste. The quantities and physical and chemical compositions of the input waste are based on the inventory database developed by the US Department of Energy. The Integrated Nonthermal Treatment Systems (INTS) systems were evaluated using the same waste input (2,927 pounds per hour) as the Integrated Thermal Treatment Systems (ITTS). 48 refs., 68 figs., 37 tabs.

Biagi, C.; Bahar, D.; Teheranian, B.; Vetromile, J. [Morrison Knudsen Corp. (United States); Quapp, W.J. [Nuclear Metals (United States); Bechtold, T.; Brown, B.; Schwinkendorf, W. [Lockheed Martin Idaho Technologies Co., Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Swartz, G. [Swartz and Associates (United States)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

UNEP-Risoe-Economics of GHG Limitations: Country Study Series | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

(Redirected from UNEP-Risoe - Economics of GHG Limitations: Country Study (Redirected from UNEP-Risoe - Economics of GHG Limitations: Country Study Series) Jump to: navigation, search Name UNEP-Risoe - Economics of GHG Limitations: Country Study Series Agency/Company /Organization UNEP-Risoe Centre Sector Energy, Land Topics Policies/deployment programs, Pathways analysis, Background analysis, Resource assessment Website http://www.uneprisoe.org/Econo References Economics of Greenhouse Gas Limitations[1] Country study series: Argentina, Ecuador, Estonia, Hungary, Indonesia, Mauritius, Senegal, Vietnam Parallel country studies: Botswana, Tanzania, Zambia Regional Studies: Andean Region, Southern African Development Community (SADC) References ↑ "Economics of Greenhouse Gas Limitations" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=UNEP-Risoe-Economics_of_GHG_Limitations:_Country_Study_Series&oldid=377226"

15

UNEP-Risoe-Economics of GHG Limitations: Country Study Series | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search Jump to: navigation, search Name UNEP-Risoe - Economics of GHG Limitations: Country Study Series Agency/Company /Organization UNEP-Risoe Centre Sector Energy, Land Topics Policies/deployment programs, Pathways analysis, Background analysis, Resource assessment Website http://www.uneprisoe.org/Econo References Economics of Greenhouse Gas Limitations[1] Country study series: Argentina, Ecuador, Estonia, Hungary, Indonesia, Mauritius, Senegal, Vietnam Parallel country studies: Botswana, Tanzania, Zambia Regional Studies: Andean Region, Southern African Development Community (SADC) References ↑ "Economics of Greenhouse Gas Limitations" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=UNEP-Risoe-Economics_of_GHG_Limitations:_Country_Study_Series&oldid=377226"

16

EFFECTS OF COUNTRY OF ORIGIN, COUNTRY ANIMOSITY AND FOREIGN PRODUCT USAGE EXPERIENCES ON PRODUCT JUDGEMENT: A STUDY OF CHINESE CUSTOMERS.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??An experiment was conducted to test hypotheses the country-of-origin, country animosity and product usage experience jointly determine the intention of product purchase. One hundred and (more)

Sui, Cong

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Western Wind and Solar Integration Study  

SciTech Connect

This report provides a full description of the Western Wind and Solar Integration Study (WWSIS) and its findings.

GE Energy

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Eastern Renewable Generation Integration Study (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

This presentation provides a high-level overview of the Eastern Renewable Generation Integration Study process, scenarios, tools, and goals.

Bloom, A.

2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

ESMAP-Brazil-Low-carbon Country Case Study | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Low-carbon Country Case Study Low-carbon Country Case Study Jump to: navigation, search Name Brazil-ESMAP Low Carbon Growth Studies Program Agency/Company /Organization Energy Sector Management Assistance Program of the World Bank Partner United Kingdom Department for International Development Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Renewable Energy, Agriculture, Biomass, Energy Efficiency, Forestry Topics Background analysis, GHG inventory, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.esmap.org/filez/pub Country Brazil South America References World Bank, ESMAP - Low Carbon Growth Country Studies - Getting Started[1] Overview "Benefiting from a cooperative process with Brazilian authorities, the study covers four key areas with large potential for low-carbon options in

20

Eastern Renewable Generation Integration Study (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

This one-page, two-sided fact sheet provides an overview of the Eastern Renewable Generation and Integration Study process.

Not Available

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "integration study country" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Carbon emissions and sequestration in forests: Case studies from seven developing countries  

SciTech Connect

As part of the effort to understand the sources of carbon dioxide and other major greenhouse gases, the Tropical Forestry and Global Climate Change Research Network (F-7) was established. The countries taking part in the F-7 Network -- Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mexico, Nigeria and Thailand -- possess large tracts of tropical forests and together experience the bulk of large scale tropical deforestation. Integreation of work of indigenous researchers and institutions from the participating countries should allow for the gathering of on-site information into the more general and universally available base of knowledge. The information contained in this report represents the results of the first phase of the F-7 project, which had the explicit aim of providing quantitative data on forestry-related carbon emissions from India and China.

Makundi, W.; Sathaye, J. (eds.) (Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States)); Ravindranath, N.H.; Somashekhar, B.S.; Gadgil, M. (Indian Inst. of Science, Bangalore, (India). Center for Ecological Sciences and ASTRA); Deying, Xu (Chinese Academy of Forestry, Beijing, (China). Research Inst. of Forestry)

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Analytical Study of Thermonuclear Reaction Probability Integrals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An analytic study of the reaction probability integrals corresponding to the various forms of the slowly varying cross-section factor $S(E)$ is attempted. Exact expressions for reaction probability integrals are expressed in terms of the extended gamma functions.

M. A. Chaudhry; H. J. Haubold; A. M. Mathai

2000-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

23

Modeling the Logistics Performance in Developing Countries: An exploratory study of Moroccan context  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Modeling the Logistics Performance in Developing Countries: An exploratory study of Moroccan to raise their levels of logistics performance. This article is a research progress; it presents, Technological Practices, Supply Chain performance, Morocco. 1. INTRODUCTION: Logistic in Morocco is still

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

24

Analytical study of thermonuclear reaction probability integrals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An analytic study of the reaction probability integralscorresponding to the various forms of the slowly varyingcross-section factor S(E) is attempted. Exact expressions forreaction probability integrals are expre...

M.Aslam Chaudhry; H.J. Haubold; A.M. Mathai

2000-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Modeling for System Integration Studies (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

This presentation describes some the data requirements needed for grid integration modeling and provides real-world examples of such data and its format. Renewable energy integration studies evaluate the operational impacts of variable generation. Transmission planning studies investigate where new transmission is needed to transfer energy from generation sources to load centers. Both use time-synchronized wind and solar energy production and load as inputs. Both examine high renewable energy penetration scenarios in the future.

Orwig, K. D.

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Western Wind and Solar Integration Study  

SciTech Connect

The Western Wind and Solar Integration Study (WWSIS) is one of the largest regional wind and solar integration studies to date. It was initiated in 2007 to examine the operational impact of up to 35% energy penetration of wind, photovoltaics (PV), and concentrating solar power (CSP) on the power system operated by the WestConnect group of utilities in Arizona, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, and Wyoming (see study area map). WestConnect also includes utilities in California, but these were not included because California had already completed a renewable energy integration study for the state. This study was set up to answer questions that utilities, public utilities commissions, developers, and regional planning organizations had about renewable energy use in the west: (1) Does geographic diversity of renewable energy resource help mitigate variability; (2) How do local resources compare to out-of-state resources; (3) Can balancing area cooperation help mitigate variability; (4) What is the role and value of energy storage; (5) Should reserve requirements be modified; (6) What is the benefit of forecasting; and (7) How can hydropower help with integration of renewables? The Western Wind and Solar Integration Study is sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and run by NREL with WestConnect as a partner organization. The study follows DOE's 20% Wind Energy by 2030 report, which did not find any technical barriers to reaching 20% wind energy in the continental United States by 2030. This study and its partner study, the Eastern Wind Integration and Transmission Study, performed a more in-depth operating impact analysis to see if 20% wind energy was feasible from an operational level. In DOE/NREL's analysis, the 20% wind energy target required 25% wind energy in the western interconnection; therefore, this study considered 20% and 30% wind energy to bracket the DOE analysis. Additionally, since solar is rapidly growing in the west, 5% solar was also considered in this study. The goal of the Western Wind and Solar Integration Study is to understand the costs and operating impacts due to the variability and uncertainty of wind, PV, and CSP on the grid. This is mainly an operations study, (rather than a transmission study), although different scenarios model different transmission build-outs to deliver power. Using a detailed power system production simulation model, the study identifies operational impacts and challenges of wind energy penetration up to 30% of annual electricity consumption.

Lew, D.; Piwko, R.; Jordan, G.; Miller, N.; Clark, K.; Freeman, L.; Milligan, M.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

An econometric study of the demand for gasoline in the Gulf Cooperation Council countries  

SciTech Connect

Reliable and accurate estimation of price and income elasticities of demand for gasoline are important ingredients for long-run energy planning and policy formation. The purpose of this study is to develop and estimate a model for gasoline demand for Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Oatar, Saufi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates). The model is capable of producing short-run and long-run price and income elasticities. Since the first oil price hike in 1973, a great deal of attention has been directed toward the demand for gasoline, especially in the industrialized countries. Few studies have been directed toward the demand for gasoline in developing countries. In terms of primary energy consumption, the GCC`s energy needs are met by oil, natural gas, and electricity. Without any doubt, oil is the largest energy source consumed and gasoline is the most important oil product. However, very few studies have been directed toward analyzing GCC energy demand, and yet there has been not attempt to model and estimate GCC gasoline demand. This study attempts to address this gap.

Eltony, M.N.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

28

EWIS European wind integration study (Smart Grid Project) (Czech Republic)  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

study (Smart Grid Project) (Czech Republic) study (Smart Grid Project) (Czech Republic) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name EWIS European wind integration study Country Czech Republic Coordinates 49.817493°, 15.472962° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":49.817493,"lon":15.472962,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

29

OAHU Wind Integration And Transmission Study: Summary Report...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

OAHU Wind Integration And Transmission Study: Summary Report, NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory) OAHU Wind Integration And Transmission Study: Summary Report, NREL...

30

General Electric Company Oahu Wind Integration Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

General Electric Company Oahu Wind Integration Study Final Report Delivered to: Richard Rocheleau-956-8346 e-mail: rochelea@hawaii.edu General Electric Company (in alphabetical order) Sebastian Achilles Date: December 16 2010 #12;2 Legal Notices This report was prepared by the General Electric Company (GE

31

Oil and economic development in OPEC countries, with case studies about Iraq and Algeria  

SciTech Connect

This dissertation examines the impact of the increase in oil prices in 1973 and thereafter on economic development in the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) in general, and in Iraq and Algeria in particular. It attempts to investigate the extent to which these countries have succeeded in utilizing oil revenues to achieve their projected goals: diversification of their economies in order to reduce dependence on exporting crude oil which is an exhaustible resource; and acceleration of the rate of growth of the non-oil sector in order to increase its contribution to GDP and foreign-exchange earnings as well as to maintain the growth of the economy in the post-oil age. While the increase in oil revenues greatly reduced the capital constraint to growth, it did not remove all other constraints at the same time. Thus, bottlenecks in transportation, institutions, skilled labor, raw and construction materials remained important obstacles. According to the criteria used by this study to judge the performance of the Iraqi and the Algerian economies after 1973, both countries did quite well. However, one of the findings about Iraq is that while the rate of growth of real per capita GDP accelerated after 1973, the rate of growth of real per capita non-oil GDP did not. Algeria succeeded in diversifying her economy, since the rate of growth of non-oil GDP accelerated after 1973, compared to the earlier period.

Al-Khalil, M.A.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Coal Integrated Gasification Fuel Cell System Study  

SciTech Connect

This study analyzes the performance and economics of power generation systems based on Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) technology and fueled by gasified coal. System concepts that integrate a coal gasifier with a SOFC, a gas turbine, and a steam turbine were developed and analyzed for plant sizes in excess of 200 MW. Two alternative integration configurations were selected with projected system efficiency of over 53% on a HHV basis, or about 10 percentage points higher than that of the state-of-the-art Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) systems. The initial cost of both selected configurations was found to be comparable with the IGCC system costs at approximately $1700/kW. An absorption-based CO2 isolation scheme was developed, and its penalty on the system performance and cost was estimated to be less approximately 2.7% and $370/kW. Technology gaps and required engineering development efforts were identified and evaluated.

Chellappa Balan; Debashis Dey; Sukru-Alper Eker; Max Peter; Pavel Sokolov; Greg Wotzak

2004-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

33

EWIS European wind integration study (Smart Grid Project) (Portugal) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Portugal) Portugal) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name EWIS European wind integration study Country Portugal Coordinates 39.095963°, -8.217773° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.095963,"lon":-8.217773,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

34

EWIS European wind integration study (Smart Grid Project) (Denmark) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Denmark) Denmark) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name EWIS European wind integration study Country Denmark Coordinates 56.26392°, 9.501785° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":56.26392,"lon":9.501785,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

35

Motorcycle safety in developing countries : a case study of Maoming, China .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In the past few decades, the number of motorcycles has grown rapidly in developing countries; therefore, motorcycle safety has increasingly become a critical issue, particularly (more)

Wu, Yuhao, Connor

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

European Experience and Case study of SCR Passenger Car Integration...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Experience and Case study of SCR Passenger Car Integration European Experience and Case study of SCR Passenger Car Integration Presentation given at DEER 2006, August 20-24, 2006,...

37

Implementing a global fund for feed-in tariffs in developing countries: A case study of Tanzania  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Feed-in tariffs are the worlds most prevalent renewable energy policy and have driven approximately 75% of the worlds installed PV capacity and 45% of the worlds wind energy capacity. Although approximately 28 developing countries have enacted national feed-in tariffs, market growth in developing countries has been slow because of a range of technical, regulatory, and financial barriers. This paper uses the Global Energy Transfer Feed-in Tariff (GET FiT) concept to explore potential international support for renewable energy in developing countries. This paper reviews the GET FiT concept and discusses the key mitigation strategies that it proposes to employ. The paper also provides a short case study of how GET FiT might be targeted to support a feed-in tariff policy in a specific developing country, Tanzania.

Wilson Rickerson; Christina Hanley; Chad Laurent; Chris Greacen

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Oahu Wind Integration and Transmission Study (OWITS): Hawaiian Islands  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Oahu Wind Integration and Transmission Study (OWITS): Hawaiian Oahu Wind Integration and Transmission Study (OWITS): Hawaiian Islands Transmission Interconnection Project Oahu Wind Integration and Transmission Study (OWITS): Hawaiian Islands Transmission Interconnection Project This report provides an independent review included an initial evaluation of the technical configuration and capital costs of establishing an undersea cable system and examining impacts to the existing electric transmission systems as a result of interconnecting the islands. 50411.pdf More Documents & Publications Phase 2 Report: Oahu Wind Integration and Transmission Study (OWITS); Hawaiian Islands Transmission Interconnection Project OAHU Wind Integration And Transmission Study: Summary Report, NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

39

Phase 2 Report: Oahu Wind Integration and Transmission Study (OWITS);  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Phase 2 Report: Oahu Wind Integration and Transmission Study Phase 2 Report: Oahu Wind Integration and Transmission Study (OWITS); Hawaiian Islands Transmission Interconnection Project Phase 2 Report: Oahu Wind Integration and Transmission Study (OWITS); Hawaiian Islands Transmission Interconnection Project This report provides an independent review included an initial evaluation of the technical configuration and capital costs of establishing an undersea cable system and examining impacts to the existing electric transmission systems as a result of interconnecting the islands. 50414.pdf More Documents & Publications Oahu Wind Integration and Transmission Study (OWITS): Hawaiian Islands Transmission Interconnection Project OAHU Wind Integration And Transmission Study: Summary Report, NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

40

Modelling energy-economy interactions in small developing countries : a case study of Sri Lanka  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This report is addressed at modelling energy-economy interactions in small developing countries, those with populations less than 20 million or so and where neither the industrial or energy sectors are dominant. The overall ...

Blitzer, Charles R.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "integration study country" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Enhanced integrated nonthermal treatment system study  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the Enhanced Nonthermal Treatment Systems (ENTS) study is to evaluate alternative configurations of one of the five systems evaluated in the Integrated Nonthermal Treatment Systems (INTS) study. Five alternative configurations are evaluated. Each is designed to enhance the final waste form performance by replacing grout with improved stabilization technologies, or to improve system performance by improving the destruction efficiency for organic contaminants. AU enhanced systems are alternative configurations of System NT-5, which has the following characteristics: Nonthermal System NT-5: (1) catalytic wet oxidation (CWO) to treat organic material including organic liquids, sludges, and soft (or combustible) debris, (2) thermal desorption of inorganic sludge and process residue, (3) washing of soil and inorganic debris with treatment by CWO of removed organic material, (4) metal decontamination by abrasive blasting, (5) stabilization of treated sludge, soil, debris, and untreated debris with entrained contamination in grout, and (6) stabilization of inorganic sludge, salts and secondary waste in polymer. System NT-5 was chosen because it was designed to treat combustible debris thereby minimizing the final waste form volume, and because it uses grout for primary stabilization. The enhanced nonthermal systems were studied to determine the cost and performance impact of replacing grout (a commonly used stabilization agent in the DOE complex) with improved waste stabilization methods such as vitrification and polymer.

Biagi, C.; Schwinkendorf, B.; Teheranian, B.

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Carbon emissions and sequestration in forests: Case studies from seven developing countries. Volume 3, India and China  

SciTech Connect

As part of the effort to understand the sources of carbon dioxide and other major greenhouse gases, the Tropical Forestry and Global Climate Change Research Network (F-7) was established. The countries taking part in the F-7 Network -- Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mexico, Nigeria and Thailand -- possess large tracts of tropical forests and together experience the bulk of large scale tropical deforestation. Integreation of work of indigenous researchers and institutions from the participating countries should allow for the gathering of on-site information into the more general and universally available base of knowledge. The information contained in this report represents the results of the first phase of the F-7 project, which had the explicit aim of providing quantitative data on forestry-related carbon emissions from India and China.

Makundi, W.; Sathaye, J. [eds.] [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States); Ravindranath, N.H.; Somashekhar, B.S.; Gadgil, M. [Indian Inst. of Science, Bangalore, (India). Center for Ecological Sciences and ASTRA; Deying, Xu [Chinese Academy of Forestry, Beijing, (China). Research Inst. of Forestry

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

A cross-national study of the pattern of modernization in the developing countries, 1965-75  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A CROSS-NATIONAL STUDY OF THE PATTERN OF MODERNIZATION IN THE DEVELOPING COUNTRIES, 1965-75 A Thesis by KWOK-ON FRANKIE CHOI Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1979 Major Subjects Sociology A CROSS-NATIONAL STUDY OF THE PATTERN OF MODERNI2ATION IN THE DEVELOPING COUNTRIES I 1965-1975 A Thesis by KWOK-ON FRANKIE CHOI Approved as to style and content bye Chairman of Committee Dr...

Choi, Kwok-on Frankie

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

44

Feasibility studies of a power interconnection system for Central American countries: SIEPAC project  

SciTech Connect

The electrical systems of the Central American countries are linked by 230 kV ac weak border interconnections forming two separated subsystems. The first one includes Guatemala and El Salvador, and the other one comprises the systems of Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panama. As a consequence, unrestricted energy exchanges among all countries are not possible. This article describes the SIEPAC project which consists of a 1,678 km long 500 kV ac power transmission line that would link the six electrical systems of the region through seven power substations (one for each country and two in Panama), installed close to the highest demand national centers and six control centers of energy (one for each country) to allow coordinated operation of the interconnection.This project also considers a set of complementary assets (230 ac power transmission lines into some countries and the border transmission line between El Salvador and Honduras, and various other equipment). The power transmission line will greatly reinforce the actual border interconnections, which have a reduced capacity of exchange and technical problems associated with the stability of a weak longitudinal system. On the other hand, economic savings for the region would be achieved, coming from a higher coordination level in the operation and planning of their systems.

Gomez, T.; Enamorado, J.C. (Univ. Pontificia Comillas, Madrid (Spain). Inst. de Investigacion Tecnologica); Vela, A. (Empresa Nacional de Electricidad, Madrid (Spain))

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Estimating uncertainties in integrated reservoir studies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

between mismatch and closeness to the true reserves value. The integrated mismatch method does not need a large number of simulation runs for the uncertainty analysis, while some other methods need hundreds of runs....

Zhang, Guohong

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

46

Techno-economic study of re-refining waste lubricating oils in the Arabian Gulf countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Waste oil reclaimation by re-refining is a promising process for recycling valuable polutant waste. In Arabian Gulf countries, a limited volume of waste oil is recycled. A technical and economical evaluation of some reclaimation methods to produce lubricating oil has been conducted.

M.I. Al-Ahmad; I.S. Al-Mutaz

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Carbon emissions and sequestration in forests: Case studies from seven developing countries. Volume 4: Mexico: Draft  

SciTech Connect

Estimates of carbon emissions from deforestation in Mexico are derived for the year 1985 and for two contrasting scenarios in 2025. Carbon emissions are calculated through an in-depth review of the existing information on forest cover deforestation mtes and area affected by forest fires as well as on forests` carbon-related biological characteristics. The analysis covers both tropical -- evergreen and deciduous -- and temperate -- coniferous and broadleaf -- closed forests. Emissions from the forest sector are also compared to those from energy and industry. Different policy options for promoting the sustainable management of forest resources in the country are discussed. The analysis indicates that approximately 804,000 hectares per year of closed forests suffered from major perturbations in the mid 1980`s in Mexico, leading to an annual deforestation mte of 668,000 hectares. Seventy five percent of total deforestation is concentrated in tropical forests. The resulting annual carbon balance is estimated in 53.4 million tons per year, and the net committed emissions in 45.5 million tons or 41% and 38%, respectively, of the country`s total for 1985--87. The annual carbon balance from the forest sector in 2025 is expected to decline to 16.5 million tons in the low emissions scenario and to 22.9 million tons in the high emissions scenario. Because of the large uncertainties in some of the primary sources of information, the stated figures should be taken as preliminary estimates.

Makundi, W.; Sathaye, J. [eds.] [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States); Cerutti, O.M.; Ordonez, M.J.; Minjarez, R.D. [Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Mexico City (Mexico) Centro de Ecologia

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Mass Market Demand Response and Variable Generation Integration Issues: A Scoping Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CRA (2010) SPP WITF Wind Integration Study. Charles Riverresponse and wind integration in Germany's electricity2010) Western Wind and Solar Integration Study. National

Cappers, Peter

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

The Western Wind and Solar Integration Study Phase 2  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

Greg Brinkman will present the results of the Western Wind and Solar Integration Study (WWSIS), Phase 2. This study, which follows the first phase of WWSIS, focuses on potential emissions and wear...

50

Integrated seismic studies at the Rye Patch geothermal reservoir...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

studies at the Rye Patch geothermal reservoir Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Journal Article: Integrated seismic studies at the Rye Patch...

51

Lessons from Large-Scale Renewable Energy Integration Studies...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

including 10% post consumer waste. 1 WREF 2012: LESSONS FROM LARGE-SCALE RENEWABLE ENERGY INTEGRATION STUDIES A number of large-scale studies have been conducted in the...

52

Carbon emissions and sequestration in forests: Case studies from seven developing countries  

SciTech Connect

Estimates of carbon emissions from deforestation in Mexico are derived for the year 1985 and for two contrasting scenarios in 2025. Carbon emissions are calculated through an in-depth review of the existing information on forest cover deforestation mtes and area affected by forest fires as well as on forests' carbon-related biological characteristics. The analysis covers both tropical -- evergreen and deciduous -- and temperate -- coniferous and broadleaf -- closed forests. Emissions from the forest sector are also compared to those from energy and industry. Different policy options for promoting the sustainable management of forest resources in the country are discussed. The analysis indicates that approximately 804,000 hectares per year of closed forests suffered from major perturbations in the mid 1980's in Mexico, leading to an annual deforestation mte of 668,000 hectares. Seventy five percent of total deforestation is concentrated in tropical forests. The resulting annual carbon balance is estimated in 53.4 million tons per year, and the net committed emissions in 45.5 million tons or 41% and 38%, respectively, of the country's total for 1985--87. The annual carbon balance from the forest sector in 2025 is expected to decline to 16.5 million tons in the low emissions scenario and to 22.9 million tons in the high emissions scenario. Because of the large uncertainties in some of the primary sources of information, the stated figures should be taken as preliminary estimates.

Makundi, W.; Sathaye, J. (eds.) (Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States)); Cerutti, O.M.; Ordonez, M.J.; Minjarez, R.D. (Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Mexico City (Mexico) Centro de Ecologia)

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

BUILDING INTEGRATED PHOTOVOLTAICS: A KOREAN CASE STUDY  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We describe a building-integrated photovoltaic system, believed to be the first of its kind in Korea. The PV cells are mounted on the south facade and on the roof of the Samsung Institute of Engineering and Construction Technology (SIECT), in the Gihung area. Special care was taken in the building design to have the PV modules shade the building in the summer, so as to reduce cooling loads, while at the same time allowing solar energy to enter the building during the heating season, and also to provide daylight. The paper gives an account of the integration of the system into the building, an analysis of the system performance, and an evaluation of the system efficiency and the power output, taking into account the weather conditions. As part of certain design compromises that took into account aesthetic, safety, and cost considerations, non-optimal tilt angles and occasional shading of the PV modules made the PV system efficiency lower than the peak rating of the cells. Nonetheless, the PV share of the SIECT building's electrical demand reaches 10% on a typical July day.

SEUNG-HO YOO; EUN-TACK LEE; JONG-KEUK LEE

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Technical Note Ultrasound Probe with Integrated ECG Lead: Feasibility Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Technical Note Ultrasound Probe with Integrated ECG Lead: Feasibility Study ARCHANA RAMIREDDY 27708 stephen.w.smith@duke.edu We integrated electrocardiogram (ECG) leads onto the face of a cardiac of devices needed to col- lect cardiac information. Since the ECG leads were not placed on their standard

Smith, Stephen

55

MiniBooNE liner integrity study  

SciTech Connect

The civil construction for the MiniBooNE project includes a 50-m decay path and beam absorbers. The decay path is a six-foot diameter corrugated metal pipe (CMP). To prevent activation of the groundwater, the CMP and beam absorbers are surrounded by crushed aggregate, and enclosed in a double-walled geotextile membrane, referred to as the liner. The minimum distance from the beam centerline to the liner is 10 feet. The double-wall construction of the liner forms three regions, the containment volume, the interstitial volume, and the exterior. Each of these volumes is connected to monitoring wells at both the upstream and downstream ends of the decay volume, i.e. a total of six monitoring pipes extend to the surface. To confirm the integrity of the liner system following its placement, the firm Earth Tech was contracted to perform tests. Michael Williams was the primary contact with Earth Tech. The following is the report from Earth Tech, with minor changes in the interest of clarity. A sketch of the decay region is shown; only one of the layers of the liner is shown, and only one monitoring port. At the time of these tests, the excavation in general, but particularly in the vicinity of the monitoring wells had not been backfilled in the final grade, as indicated by the dashed lines.

Ray Stefanski, Phil Martin and Jeff Sims

2001-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

56

Western Wind and Solar Integration Study Phase 2 (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

This is one-page, two-sided fact sheet presents high-level summary results of the Western Wind and Solar Integration Study Phase 2, which examined operational impacts of high penetrations of variable renewable generation in the West.

Not Available

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Western Wind and Solar Integration Study: Phase 2 (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

This presentation summarizes the scope and results of the Western Wind and Solar Integration Study Phase 2, which examined operational impacts of high penetrations of variable renewable generation in the West.

Lew, D.; Brinkman, G.; Ibanez, E.; Lefton, S.; Kumar, N.; Venkataraman, S.; Jordan, G.

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Eastern Renewable Generation Integration Study: Initial Results (Poster)  

SciTech Connect

This poster presents an overview of the Eastern Renewable Generation Integration Study, which aims to answer critical questions about the future of the Eastern Interconnection under high levels of solar and wind generation penetration.

Bloom, A.; Townsend, A.; Hummon, M.; Weekley, A.; Clark, K.; King, J.

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Western Wind and Solar Integration Study (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

Initiated in 2007 to examine the operational impact of up to 35% penetration of wind, photovoltaic (PV), and concentrating solar power (CSP) energy on the electric power system, the Western Wind and Solar Integration Study (WWSIS) is one of the largest regional wind and solar integration studies to date. The goal is to understand the effects of variability and uncertainty of wind, PV, and CSP on the grid. In the Western Wind and Solar Integration Study Phase 1, solar penetration was limited to 5%. Utility-scale PV was not included because of limited capability to model sub-hourly, utility-scale PV output . New techniques allow the Western Wind and Solar Integration Study Phase 2 to include high penetrations of solar - not only CSP and rooftop PV but also utility-scale PV plants.

Not Available

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Integrated Genome-Based Studies of Shewanella Ecophysiology  

SciTech Connect

As a part of the Shewanella Federation project, we have used integrated genomic, proteomic and computational technologies to study various aspects of energy metabolism of two Shewanella strains from a systems-level perspective.

Zhou, Jizhong; He, Zhili

2014-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "integration study country" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

A STUDY ON THE DIGITAL INTEGRATED PLATFORM OF CHINA PARTICIPATORY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A STUDY ON THE DIGITAL INTEGRATED PLATFORM OF CHINA PARTICIPATORY RURAL COMMUNITY in August 2008 about rural informationization condition in different village area of Liaoning Province main bottleneck that rural informationization progress is slow in the course of Chinese rural

Boyer, Edmond

62

Review of the integrated thermal and nonthermal treatment system studies  

SciTech Connect

This report contains a review and evaluation of three systems analysis studies performed by LITCO on integrated thermal treatment systems and integrated nonthermal treatment systems for the remediation of mixed low-level waste stored throughout the US Department of Energy weapons complex. The review was performed by an independent team of nine researchers from the Energy and Environmental Research Center, Science Applications International Corporation, the Waste Policy Institute, and Virginia Tech. The three studies reviewed were as follows: Integrated Thermal Treatment System Study, Phase 1--issued July 1994; Integrated Thermal Treatment System Study, Phase 2--issued February 1996; and Integrated Nonthermal Treatment System Study--drafted March 1996. The purpose of this review was to (1) determine whether the assumptions of the studies were adequate to produce an unbiased review of both thermal and nonthermal systems, (2) to identify the critical areas of the studies that would benefit from further investigation, and (3) to develop a standard template that could be used in future studies to assure a sound application of systems engineering.

NONE

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

The attractiveness of Finland in the host-country screening of inward foreign direct investment: A case study.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Foreign direct investments have proven their significant role as part of welfare and economic growth of the countries. Recent years have shown alarming signs of (more)

Visnen, Heta Tuulia

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Lessons from Large-Scale Renewable Energy Integration Studies: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

In general, large-scale integration studies in Europe and the United States find that high penetrations of renewable generation are technically feasible with operational changes and increased access to transmission. This paper describes other key findings such as the need for fast markets, large balancing areas, system flexibility, and the use of advanced forecasting.

Bird, L.; Milligan, M.

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Roadmap: Integrated Health Studies Health Services Bachelor of Science  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Six: [15 Credit Hours] NURS 45010 Health Care Policy and Delivery Systems or NURS 46000 Health CareRoadmap: Integrated Health Studies ­ Health Services ­ Bachelor of Science [EH-BS-IHS-HLSV] College of Education, Health, and Human Services School of Health Sciences Catalog Year: 2012­2013 Page 1 of 3 | Last

Sheridan, Scott

66

Eastern Renewable Generation Integration Study Solar Dataset (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

The National Renewable Energy Laboratory produced solar power production data for the Eastern Renewable Generation Integration Study (ERGIS) including "real time" 5-minute interval data, "four hour ahead forecast" 60-minute interval data, and "day-ahead forecast" 60-minute interval data for the year 2006. This presentation provides a brief overview of the three solar power datasets.

Hummon, M.

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Methodology for estimating building integrated photovoltaics electricity production under shadowing conditions and case study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Building integrated photovoltaic (BIPV) systems are a relevant application of photovoltaics. In countries belonging to the International Energy Agency countries, 24% of total installed PV power corresponds to BIPV systems. Electricity losses caused by shadows over the PV generator have a significant impact on the performance of BIPV systems, being the major source of electricity losses. This paper presents a methodology to estimate electricity produced by BIPV systems which incorporates a model for shading losses. The proposed methodology has been validated on a one year study with real data from two similar PV systems placed on the south faade of a building belonging to the Technical University of Madrid. This study has covered all weather conditions: clear, partially overcast and fully overcast sky. Results of this study are shown at different time scales, resulting that the errors committed by the best performing model are below 1% and 3% in annual and daily electricity estimation. The use of models which account for the reduced performance at low irradiance levels also improves the estimation of generated electricity.

Daniel Masa-Bote; Estefana Caamao-Martn

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Softdesk energy: A case study in early design tool integration  

SciTech Connect

Softdesk Energy is a design tool that integrates building energy analysis capability into a highly automated production drafting environment (AutoCAD and Softdesk AutoArchitect). This tool provides users of computer aided software the opportunity to evaluate the aided design/drafting (CAD) energy impact of design decisions much earlier in the design process than previously possible with energy analysis software. The authors review the technical challenges of integrating analytic methods into design tools, the opportunities such integrated tools create for building designers, and a usage scenario from the perspective of a current user of Softdesk Energy. A comparison between the simplified calculations in Softdesk Energy and detailed simulations using DOE-2 energy analysis is made to evaluate the applicability of the Softdesk Energy approach. As a unique example of integrating decision and drafting, Softdesk Energy provides an opportunity to study the strengths and weaknesses of integrated design tools and gives some insight into the future direction of the CAD software towards meeting the needs of diverse design disciplines.

Gowri, K.; Chassin, D.P.; Friedrich, M.

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

REDD Country Activity Database | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

REDD Country Activity Database REDD Country Activity Database Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: REDD Country Activity Database Agency/Company /Organization: Global Canopy Programme, Forum on Readiness for REDD Sector: Land Focus Area: Forestry Topics: Background analysis Resource Type: Dataset, Case studies/examples User Interface: Website Website: www.theredddesk.org/countries Country: Brazil, Cameroon, Vietnam, Guyana, Tanzania, Indonesia Cost: Free UN Region: Southern Africa, South America, South-Eastern Asia REDD Country Activity Database Screenshot References: REDD Country Activity Database[1] Logo: REDD Country Activity Database The REDD Countries Database is a centralised and collaborative database of the diverse and rapidly evolving range of ongoing REDD activities in

70

The effect of an integrated catchment management plan on the greenhouse gas balance of the Mangaotama catchment of the Whatawhata Hill Country Research Station.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??An integrated catchment management plan implemented in the Mangaotama catchment of the Whatawhata Research Station in 2001 demonstrated that Pinus radiata forestry on marginal land, (more)

Smiley, Daniel

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Review of transmission schemes and case studies for renewable power integration into the remote grid  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Investment in transmission for renewable power penetration to the remote grid essentially faces a set of inherent, regulatory, economic and technical challenges. This work investigates these challenges to enhance renewable power integration into the remote grid. This study aims to enhance regulatory policies and associated planning frameworks to be more efficient and justifiable for renewable power integration paradigm. First, a set of leading transmission schemes practiced, or investigated, in different countries are evaluated against the challenges which are obvious for long distance renewable power transmission. Second, a net benefit framework is presented to address the challenging issues of location constrained renewable power penetration into the Queensland network of the Australian grid. The proposed framework incorporates the carbon emission price as an environmental benefit which significantly influences the costbenefit analysis. This paper discusses the hub approach of network integration. The transmission investment cost allocation is addressed here as well. The concepts are verified through the implementation of the proposed framework in four prospective projects of the Queensland network in the Australian national electricity market (NEM).

Kazi Nazmul Hasan; Tapan Kumar Saha; Mehdi Eghbal; Deb Chattopadhyay

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

The Western Wind and Solar Integration Study Phase 2  

SciTech Connect

The electric grid is a highly complex, interconnected machine, and changing one part of the grid can have consequences elsewhere. Adding wind and solar affects the operation of the other power plants and adding high penetrations can induce cycling of fossil-fueled generators. Cycling leads to wear-and-tear costs and changes in emissions. Phase 2 of the Western Wind and Solar Integration Study (WWSIS-2) evaluated these costs and emissions and simulated grid operations for a year to investigate the detailed impact of wind and solar on the fossil-fueled fleet. This built on Phase 1, one of the largest wind and solar integration studies ever conducted, which examined operational impacts of high wind and solar penetrations in the West.

Lew, D.; Brinkman, G.; Ibanez, E.; Hodge, B. M.; Hummon, M.; Florita, A.; Heaney, M.

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Integrated two-stage coal liquefaction studies. Final report  

SciTech Connect

Studies have been undertaken to evaluate variables associated with the dissolution of coal and with the upgrading of residuum containing recycle solvent in an integrated two stage coal liquefaction process. Areas studied include dissolver solvent quality, disposable dissolver catalysts, dissolver pressure effects, non-disposable hydrotreater catalysts and distillate:residuum:coal weight ratios. In order to effectively study the effects of a residuum containing solvent on coal liquefaction at short residence times, a stirred microautoclave reactor, the ''Borgialli'' microreactor, was designed and constructed as part of this program. 24 refs., 55 figs., 52 tabs.

Silver, H.F.; Frazee, W.S.

1985-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

A comprehensive approach to the formulation of capital projects in developing countries : finance and implementation. Case study, Edendale, Kwazulu (housing)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This Thesis deals with capital project formulation in developing countries. The objective is to provide guidelines for the formulation of housing development projects, their implementation structures and financial plans ...

Davis, Trevor Paul

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

An Integrated Experimental and Numerical Study: Developing a Reaction  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Integrated Experimental and Numerical Study: Developing a Reaction Integrated Experimental and Numerical Study: Developing a Reaction Transport Model that Couples Chemical Reactions of Mineral Dissolution/Precipitation with Spatial and Temporal Flow Variations in CO2/Brine/Rock Systems Geothermal Project Jump to: navigation, search Last modified on July 22, 2011. Project Title An Integrated Experimental and Numerical Study: Developing a Reaction Transport Model that Couples Chemical Reactions of Mineral Dissolution/Precipitation with Spatial and Temporal Flow Variations in CO2/Brine/Rock Systems Project Type / Topic 1 Recovery Act: Enhanced Geothermal Systems Component Research and Development/Analysis Project Type / Topic 2 Supercritical Carbon Dioxide / Reservoir Rock Chemical Interactions Project Description This project will result in a numerical simulator (modified version of TOUGH2) that can adjust porosity and permeability fields according to experimentally observed chemical fluid-rock interactions (mineral dissolution/precipitation) under realistic conditions likely found when supercritical CO2 is injected into geothermal reservoirs for heat energy extraction. The simulator can thus help determine if CO2 injection into EGS brines will cause clogging of pore spaces or dissolution of host rocks with potentially detrimental consequences to heat extraction. As a result, this simulator will play a critical role when assessing long-term sustainability of geothermal energy utilization in enhanced and natural geothermal systems. The simulator can also be used to evaluate long-term CO2 sequestration potentials.

76

Western Wind and Solar Integration Study Phase 2: Preprint  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Western Wind and Solar Western Wind and Solar Integration Study Phase 2 Preprint D. Lew, G. Brinkman, E. Ibanez, and B.-M. Hodge National Renewable Energy Laboratory J. King RePPAE To be presented at the 11th Annual International Workshop on Large-Scale Integration of Wind Power into Power Systems as Well as on Transmission Networks for Offshore Wind Power Plants Conference Lisbon, Portugal November 13-15, 2012 Conference Paper NREL/CP-5500-56217 September 2012 NOTICE The submitted manuscript has been offered by an employee of the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC (Alliance), a contractor of the US Government under Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308. Accordingly, the US Government and Alliance retain a nonexclusive royalty-free license to publish or reproduce the published form of

77

Eastern Wind Integration and Transmission Study -- Preliminary Findings: Preprint  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

05 05 September 2009 Eastern Wind Integration and Transmission Study - Preliminary Findings Preprint D. Corbus, M. Milligan, and E. Ela National Renewable Energy Laboratory M. Schuerger Energy Systems Consulting Services B. Zavadil EnerNex Corp. To be presented at the 8th International Workshop on Large Scale Integration of Wind Power and on Transmission Networks for Offshore Wind Farms Bremen, Germany October 14-15, 2009 NOTICE The submitted manuscript has been offered by an employee of the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC (ASE), a contractor of the US Government under Contract No. DE-AC36-08-GO28308. Accordingly, the US Government and ASE retain a nonexclusive royalty-free license to publish or reproduce the published form of this contribution, or allow others to do so, for US Government purposes.

78

Integrating Web Portals with Semantic Web Services: A Case Study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Several systems integration proposals have been suggested over the years. However these proposals have mainly focused on data integration, not allowing users to take advantage of services offered by Web portals. Most of the mentioned proposals only provide ... Keywords: MISAS-S, Semantic Web, Semantic Web Services, Systems Integration, Web Portals, Web Potal Integration Architecture PISA

Csar J. Acua, Mariano Minoli, Esperanza Marcos

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Integrated mineralogical and fluid inclusion study of the Coso geothermal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

mineralogical and fluid inclusion study of the Coso geothermal mineralogical and fluid inclusion study of the Coso geothermal systems, California Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Proceedings: Integrated mineralogical and fluid inclusion study of the Coso geothermal systems, California Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Coso is one of several high-temperature geothermal systems on the margins of the Basin and Range province that is associated with recent volcanic activity. This system, which is developed entirely in fractured granitic and metamorphic rocks, consists of a well-defined thermal plume that originates in the southern part of the field and then flows upward and laterally to the north. Fluid inclusion homogenization temperatures and salinities demonstrate that cool, low salinity ground waters were present

80

Integrated Seismic Studies At The Rye Patch Geothermal Reservoir, Nevada |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Seismic Studies At The Rye Patch Geothermal Reservoir, Nevada Seismic Studies At The Rye Patch Geothermal Reservoir, Nevada Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Book: Integrated Seismic Studies At The Rye Patch Geothermal Reservoir, Nevada Details Activities (2) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: A 3-D surface seismic reflection survey, covering an area of over 3 square miles, was conducted at the Rye Patch geothermal reservoir (Nevada) to explore the structural features that may control geothermal production in the area. In addition to the surface sources and receivers, a high-temperature three-component seismometer was deployed in a borehole at a depth of 3900 ft within the basement below the reservoir, which recorded the waves generated by all surface sources. A total of 1959 first-arrival travel times were determined out of 2134 possible traces. Two-dimensional

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "integration study country" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Western Wind and Solar Integration Study Phase 2 (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

This presentation accompanies Phase 2 of the Western Wind and Solar Integration Study, a follow-on to Phase 1, which examined the operational impacts of high penetrations of variable renewable generation on the electric power system in the West and was one of the largest variable generation studies to date. High penetrations of variable generation can induce cycling of fossil-fueled generators. Cycling leads to wear-and-tear costs and changes in emissions. Phase 2 calculated these costs and emissions, and simulated grid operations for a year to investigate the detailed impact of variable generation on the fossil-fueled fleet. The presentation highlights the scope of the study and results.

Lew, D.; Brinkman, G.; Ibanez, E.; Kumar, N.; Lefton, S.; Jordan, G.; Venkataraman, S.; King, J.

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

A case study of industrial building energy performance in a cold climate region in a developing country  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

countries such as China have excessively high energy consumption, and the portion used by HVAC systems headings: Industrial facilities; Energy consumption; Air leakage; Condensation; Insulation; Temperature primary energy in China every year since 2006 (Xu, 2013; Wang et al., 2010). About50-55% of the energy

Chen, Qingyan "Yan"

83

Country Analysis Briefs  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

An ongoing compilation of country energy profiles. The Energy Information Administration (EIA) maintains Country Analysis Briefs (CABs) for specific countries that are important to world energy markets, including members of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), major non-OPEC oil producers, major energy transit countries, major energy consumers, and other areas of current interest to energy analysts and policy makers.

2028-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Process modeling for the Integrated Thermal Treatment System (ITTS) study  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the process modeling done in support of the integrated thermal treatment system (ITTS) study, Phases 1 and 2. ITTS consists of an integrated systems engineering approach for uniform comparison of widely varying thermal treatment technologies proposed for treatment of the contact-handled mixed low-level wastes (MLLW) currently stored in the U.S. Department of Energy complex. In the overall study, 19 systems were evaluated. Preconceptual designs were developed that included all of the various subsystems necessary for a complete installation, from waste receiving through to primary and secondary stabilization and disposal of the processed wastes. Each system included the necessary auxiliary treatment subsystems so that all of the waste categories in the complex were fully processed. The objective of the modeling task was to perform mass and energy balances of the major material components in each system. Modeling of trace materials, such as pollutants and radioactive isotopes, were beyond the present scope. The modeling of the main and secondary thermal treatment, air pollution control, and metal melting subsystems was done using the ASPEN PLUS process simulation code, Version 9.1-3. These results were combined with calculations for the remainder of the subsystems to achieve the final results, which included offgas volumes, and mass and volume waste reduction ratios.

Liebelt, K.H.; Brown, B.W.; Quapp, W.J.

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Integrated thermal treatment system study: Phase 1 results. Volume 1  

SciTech Connect

An integrated systems engineering approach is used for uniform comparison of widely varying thermal treatment technologies proposed for management of contact-handled mixed low-level waste (MLLW) currently stored in the US Department of Energy complex. Ten different systems encompassing several incineration design options are studied. All subsystems, including facilities, equipment, and methods needed for integration of each of the ten systems are identified. Typical subsystems needed for complete treatment of MLLW are incoming waste receiving and preparation (characterization, sorting, sizing, and separation), thermal treatment, air pollution control, primary and secondary stabilization, metal decontamination, metal melting, mercury recovery, lead recovery, and special waste and aqueous waste treatment. The evaluation is performed by developing a preconceptual design package and planning life-cycle cost (PLCC) estimates for each system. As part of the preconceptual design process, functional and operational requirements, flow sheets and mass balances, and conceptual equipment layouts are developed for each system. The PLCC components estimated are technology development, production facility construction, pre-operation, operation and maintenance, and decontamination and decommissioning. Preconceptual design data and other technology information gathered during the study are examined and areas requiring further development, testing, and evaluation are identified and recommended. Using a qualitative method, each of the ten systems are ranked.

Feizollahi, F.; Quapp, W.J.; Hempill, H.G.; Groffie, F.J.

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Summary of comparative results integrated nonthermal treatment and integrated thermal treatment systems studies  

SciTech Connect

In July 1994, the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL), under a contract from U.S. Department of Energy`s (DOE) Environment Management Office of Science and Technology (OST, EM-50) published a report entitled {open_quotes}Integrated Thermal Treatment System Study - Phase 1 Results{close_quotes} (EGG-MS-11211). This report was the culmination of over a year of analysis involving scientists and engineers within the DOE complex and from private industry. The purpose of that study was {open_quotes}to conduct a systematic engineering evaluation of a variety of mixed low level waste (MLLW) treatment system alternatives.{close_quotes} The study also {open_quotes}identified the research and development, demonstrations, and testing and evaluation needed to assure unit operability in the most promising alternative system.{close_quotes} This study evaluated ten primary thermal treatment technologies, organized into complete {open_quotes}cradle-to-grave{close_quotes} systems (including complete engineering flow sheets), to treat DOE MLLW and calculated mass balances and 20-year total life cycle costs (TLCC) for all systems. The waste input used was a representative heterogenous mixture of typical DOE MLLW. An additional study was conducted, and then, based on response to these studies, additional work was started to investigate and evaluate non-thermal treatment options on a footing comparable to the effort devoted to thermal options. This report attempts to present a summary overview of the thermal and non-thermal treatment technologies which were examined in detail in the process of the above mentioned reviews.

NONE

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Western Wind and Solar Integration Study: Executive Summary, (WWSIS) May 2010  

SciTech Connect

This report provides a summary of background, approach, and findings of the Western Wind and Solar Integration Study (WWSIS).

R. Piwko; K. Clark; L. Freeman; G. Jordan; N. Miller

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Studies on Integrated Management and Technology System of Cycling Logistics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The frame on integrated management system of cycling logistics is constructed. The content, function, structure, realization process, operation model of the business and technical systems that consist of cycling logistics integrated management are preliminarily ... Keywords: Cycling Logistics, integrated management, technology System, Service System

Huan Zhang; Zhong Cheng; Yi Lu

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Study of Lorentz violation in INTEGRAL Gamma-Ray Bursts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We search for possible time lags caused by quantum gravitational (QG) effects using gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) detected by INTEGRAL. The advantage of this satellite is that we have at our disposal the energy and arrival time of every detected single photon, which enhances the precision of the time resolution. We present a new method for seeking time lags in unbinned data using a maximum likelihood method and support our conclusions with Monte Carlo simulations. The analysis of the data yields a mass scale well below the Planck mass whose value may however increase if better statistics of GRBs were available. Furthermore, we disagree with previous studies in which a non-monotonic function of the redshift was used to perform a linear fit.

Raphael Lamon; Nicolas Produit; Frank Steiner

2007-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

90

Experimental study of integrated collector storage solar water heaters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Three Integrated Collector Storage Solar Water Heaters (ICSSWH) have been designed, constructed and experimentally studied in comparison to a Flat Plate Thermosiphonic Unit (FPTU). Each of the ICS experimental models consists of one cylindrical tank horizontally mounted in a stationary symmetrical Compound Parabolic Concentrating (CPC) reflector trough. The main objective is the design and construction of low cost solar water heaters with improved thermal performance and lower possible depths. The experimental models can be mounted on horizontal as well as on inclined roofs by adopting the lowest possible depth. The results show that these solar devices perform more than effectively all year long. This could contribute significantly on the development of ICS type solar water heaters.

M. Souliotis; D. Chemisana; Y.G. Caouris; Y. Tripanagnostopoulos

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Committee on the Challenges of Modern Society solar energy pilot study. First follow-up report, October 1979, pilot country: United States; co-pilot countries: Denmark and France. CCMS report No. 110  

SciTech Connect

During 1973 to 1978, over twenty nations participated in the NATO/CCMS Solar Energy Pilot Study, whose objective was to promote and accelerate the use of solar heating and cooling of buildings. The activities in this information exchange included (1) the regular reporting of national solar heating and cooling programs, (2) the development of a format for reporting the performance of solar heating and cooling systems, (3) the exchange of system performance reports, (4) the establishment of two specialized working groups for solar-assisted low energy dwellings and passive solar applications. At the conclusion of the pilot study in 1978, the participants formulated recommendations for continued action at the international level, as well as for action at the national level. This report describes the progress made in implementing those recommendations. In addition to detailing the steps taken to continue collaboration in various efforts initiated within the Solar Energy Pilot Study, the report contains papers on the 1979 status of the solar heating and cooling programs in seventeen CCMS countries.

None

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Integrated thermal treatment system study -- Phase 2 results. Revision 1  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the second phase of a study on thermal treatment technologies. The study consists of a systematic assessment of nineteen thermal treatment alternatives for the contact-handled mixed low-level waste (MLLW) currently stored in the US Department of Energy complex. The treatment alternatives consist of widely varying technologies for safely destroying the hazardous organic components, reducing the volume, and preparing for final disposal of the MLLW. The alternatives considered in Phase 2 were innovative thermal treatments with nine types of primary processing units. Other variations in the study examined the effect of combustion gas, air pollution control system design, and stabilization technology for the treatment residues. The Phase 1 study examined ten initial thermal treatment alternatives. The Phase 2 systems were evaluated in essentially the same manner as the Phase 1 systems. The alternatives evaluated were: rotary kiln, slagging kiln, plasma furnace, plasma gasification, molten salt oxidation, molten metal waste destruction, steam gasification, Joule-heated vitrification, thermal desorption and mediated electrochemical oxidation, and thermal desorption and supercritical water oxidation. The quantities, and physical and chemical compositions, of the input waste used in the Phase 2 systems differ from those in the Phase 1 systems, which were based on a preliminary waste input database developed at the onset of the Integrated Thermal Treatment System study. The inventory database used in the Phase 2 study incorporates the latest US Department of Energy information. All systems, both primary treatment systems and subsystem inputs, have now been evaluated using the same waste input (2,927 lb/hr). 28 refs., 88 figs., 41 tabs.

Feizollahi, F.; Quapp, W.J.

1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Western Wind and Solar Integration Study Phase 2: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

The Western Wind and Solar Integration Study (WWSIS) investigates the impacts of high penetrations of wind and solar power into the Western Interconnection of the United States. WWSIS2 builds on the Phase 1 study but with far greater refinement in the level of data inputs and production simulation. It considers the differences between wind and solar power on systems operations. It considers mitigation options to accommodate wind and solar when full costs of wear-and-tear and full impacts of emissions rates are taken into account. It determines wear-and-tear costs and emissions impacts. New data sets were created for WWSIS2, and WWSIS1 data sets were refined to improve realism of plant output and forecasts. Four scenarios were defined for WWSIS2 that examine the differences between wind and solar and penetration level. Transmission was built out to bring resources to load. Statistical analysis was conducted to investigate wind and solar impacts at timescales ranging from seasonal down to 5 minutes.

Lew, D.; Brinkman, G.; Ibanez, E.; Hodge, B.-M.; King, J.

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

An integrated approach for source contribution estimation: a case study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The efficiency of the CMB model for source contribution estimate is determined by the availability of accurate source profiles and therefore its use is limited when source profiles are not known. In this study the source contribution estimate of ambient VOC was carried out using the CMB model with the source profiles obtained from the PMF model. The PMF model fitted the monitored dataset very well with five factors. The source profiles generated by the PMF model resembled most closely the profiles of petroleum refineries, automobiles, wastewater treatment plants, solvent using industries, and solid waste burning. The derived source types match well with the prevailing source types in the study area. Using the source profiles developed by the PMF model, the CMB model could estimate source contributions for more than 80% of samples with R ? 0.9. The integrated method of developing source profiles with the PMF model and using them in the CMB model for estimating source contributions for each measured dataset proved to be successful and can be adopted in any location where source profiles are not known. This method also eliminates the need for ageing the source profiles to take care of atmospheric photochemical reactions.

S. Mohan; R. Ethirajan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Integrating Wind and Solar Energy in the U.S. Bulk Power System: Lessons from Regional Integration Studies  

SciTech Connect

Two recent studies sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) have examined the impacts of integrating high penetrations of wind and solar energy on the Eastern and Western electric grids. The Eastern Wind Integration and Transmission Study (EWITS), initiated in 2007, examined the impact on power system operations of reaching 20% to 30% wind energy penetration in the Eastern Interconnection. The Western Wind and Solar Integration Study (WWSIS) examined the operational implications of adding up to 35% wind and solar energy penetration to the Western Interconnect. Both studies examined the costs of integrating variable renewable energy generation into the grid and transmission and operational changes that might be necessary to address higher penetrations of wind or solar generation. This paper identifies key insights from these regional studies for integrating high penetrations of renewables in the U.S. electric grid. The studies share a number of key findings, although in some instances the results vary due to differences in grid operations and markets, the geographic location of the renewables, and the need for transmission.

Bird, L.; Lew, D.

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Duke Energy Photovoltaic Integration Study: Carolinas Service Areas  

SciTech Connect

Solar energy collected using photovoltaic (PV) technology is a clean and renewable energy source that offers multiple benefits to the electric utility industry and its customers, such as cost predictability, reduced emissions, and loss reduction by distributed installations. Renewable energy goals established in North Carolina Senate Bill 3 (SB3), in combination with the state tax credit and decreases in the cost of energy from PV panels, have resulted in rapid solar power penetration within the Carolinas services areas of Duke Energy. Continued decreases in PV prices are expected to lead to greater PV penetration rates than currently required in SB3. Despite the potential benefits, significant penetration of PV energy is of concern to the utility industry because of its impact on operating reliability and integration cost to customers, and equally important, how any additional costs may be allocated to different customer groups. Some of these impacts might become limiting factors for PV energy, especially growing distributed generation installed at customer sites. Recognizing the importance of renewable energy developments for a sustainable energy future and economic growth, Duke Energy has commissioned this study to simulate the effects of high-PV penetration rates and to initiate the process of quantifying the impacts. The objective of the study is to inform resource plans, guide operation improvements, and drive infrastructure investments for a steady and smooth transition to a new energy mix that provides optimal values to customers. The study team consists of experts from Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Power Costs, Inc. (PCI), Clean Power Research (CPR), Alstom Grid, and Duke Energy. PNNL, PCI, and CPR performed the study on generation impacts; Duke Energy modeled the transmission cases; and distribution simulations were conducted by Alstom Grid. PNNL analyzed the results from each work stream and produced the report.

Lu, Shuai; Samaan, Nader A.; Meng, Da; Chassin, Forrest S.; Zhang, Yu; Vyakaranam, Bharat; Warwick, William M.; Fuller, Jason C.; Diao, Ruisheng; Nguyen, Tony B.; Jin, Chunlian

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

A Feasibility Study of an Integral PWR for Space Applications  

SciTech Connect

Fission space power systems are well suited to provide safe, reliable, economic and robust energy sources, in the order of 100 KWe. A preliminary feasibility study of a nuclear fission reactor is here presented with the following requirements: i) high reliability, ii) R and D program of moderate cost, iii) to be deployed within a reasonable period of time (e.g. 2015), iv) to be operated and controlled for a long time (10 years) without human intervention, v) possibly to be also used as a byproduct for some particular terrestrial application (or at least to share common technologies), vi) to start with stationary application. The driving idea is to extend as much as possible the PWR technology, by recurring to an integral type reactor. Two options are evaluated for the electricity production: a Rankine steam cycle and a Rankine organic fluid cycle. The neutronics calculation is based on WIMS code benchmarked with MCNP code. The reactivity control is envisaged by changing the core geometry. The resulting system appears viable and of reasonable size, well fit to the present space vector capabilities. Finally, a set of R and D needs has been identified: cold well, small steam turbines, fluid leakage control, pumps, shielding, steam generator in low-gravity conditions, self pressurizer, control system. A R and D program of reasonable extent may yield the needed answers, and some demanding researches are of interest for the new generation Light Water Reactors. (authors)

Grandis, S. De; Finzi, E.; Lombardi, C.V.; Mandelli, D.; Padovani, E.; Passoni, M.; Ricotti, M.E.; Santini, L. [Dipartimento di Ingegneria Nucleare, Politecnico di Milano, Via Ponzio, 34/3, 20133 Milano (Italy); Summerer, L. [ESA Advanced Concepts Team, ESTEC, SER-A, Keplerlaan 1, 2201 AZ Noordwijk (Netherlands)

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Horizontal Integration, an AS Telecom Network Operations Case Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Horizontal integration within the network operations departments Wireless Data, VoIP, and IP teams will greatly improve network availability and quality of service to AS Telecom customers by empowering employees, improving communication...

Kekovole, Stephen Andaye

2011-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

99

Lessons from Large-Scale Renewable Energy Integration Studies...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

March. http:www.wind-integration.eu 5 See for example, Corbus, D., D. Lew, G. Jordan, W. Winters, F. Van Hull, J. Manobianco, and R. Zavadil. NovemberDecember 2009. "Up...

100

Integrating High Penetrations of Solar in the Western United States: Results of the Western Wind and Solar Integration Study Phase 2 (Poster)  

SciTech Connect

This poster presents a summary of the results of the Western Wind and Solar Integration Study Phase 2.

Bird, L.; Lew, D.

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "integration study country" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Case Study of an Innovative HVAC System with Integral Dehumidifier  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

prototype air conditioning/dehumidification system was initiated and focused on integrating a standalone room air dehumidifier and a conventional residential air handler into a single package. Potential benefits of the integrated system include lower... and construction of the prototype unit and the laboratory and field tests that were performed to evaluate the performance of the prototype system. Further details are available in the final task report (Raustad et al. 2007). PROTOTYPE CONSTRUCTION...

Shirey, D. B.; Raustad, R. A.

102

Country Risk Assessment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

There are a multitude of organizations providing country risk services using their proprietary benchmarking. The central ... in a quantifiable manner, individual country sovereign risk and the implication of such...

Mohamed A. Ramady

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Integrating Nuclear Energy to Oilfield Operations Two Case Studies  

SciTech Connect

Fossil fuel resources that require large energy inputs for extraction, such as the Canadian oil sands and the Green River oil shale resource in the western USA, could benefit from the use of nuclear power instead of power generated by natural gas combustion. This paper discusses the technical and economic aspects of integrating nuclear energy with oil sands operations and the development of oil shale resources. A high temperature gas reactor (HTGR) that produces heat in the form of high pressure steam (no electricity production) was selected as the nuclear power source for both fossil fuel resources. Both cases were based on 50,000 bbl/day output. The oil sands case was a steam-assisted, gravity-drainage (SAGD) operation located in the Canadian oil sands belt. The oil shale development was an in-situ oil shale retorting operation located in western Colorado, USA. The technical feasibility of the integrating nuclear power was assessed. The economic feasibility of each case was evaluated using a discounted cash flow, rate of return analysis. Integrating an HTGR to both the SAGD oil sands operation and the oil shale development was found to be technically feasible for both cases. In the oil sands case, integrating an HTGR eliminated natural gas combustion and associated CO2 emissions, although there were still some emissions associated with imported electrical power. In the in situ oil shale case, integrating an HTGR reduced CO2 emissions by 88% and increased natural gas production by 100%. Economic viabilities of both nuclear integrated cases were poorer than the non-nuclear-integrated cases when CO2 emissions were not taxed. However, taxing the CO2 emissions had a significant effect on the economics of the non-nuclear base cases, bringing them in line with the economics of the nuclear-integrated cases. As we move toward limiting CO2 emissions, integrating non-CO2-emitting energy sources to the development of energy-intense fossil fuel resources is becoming increasingly important. This paper attempts to reduce the barriers that have traditionally separated fossil fuel development and application of nuclear power and to promote serious discussion of ideas about hybrid energy systems.

Eric P. Robertson; Lee O. Nelson; Michael G. McKellar; Anastasia M. Gandrik; Mike W. Patterson

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Data integration driven ontology design, case study smart city  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Methods to design of formal ontologies have been in focus of research since the early nineties when their importance and conceivable practical application in engineering sciences had been understood. However, often significant customization of generic ... Keywords: DL-lite family, data integration, description logic, ontology design, ontology mapping, semantic web

German Nemirovski; Andreas Nolle; lvaro Sicilia; Ilaria Ballarini; Vincenzo Corado

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

An Empirical Study on Integrating Agile and User Centered Design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

challenges. Agile Software Development Processes; User Centred Design; Agile User Centred Design Integration 1. INTRODUCTION Agile methods are lightweight software development methods that tackle perceived. They are iterative and are used to develop software incrementally. Different Agile processes implement these ideas

Cairns, Paul

106

Biotechnology patenting takes off in developing countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We investigated the levels and patterns of biotechnology patenting in several developing countries by examining patents registered in the US Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) database. The results showed, firstly, that developing countries have increased their biotechnology patenting during the period with the leading countries demonstrating inventive strengths in this field. Secondly, whereas in some countries national patenting ownership was high in others it was relatively low, which may limit the ability of the countries to harness their inventions. Thirdly, the research sector has been particularly active in patenting, especially in countries with relatively strong track records in developing biotechnology products, but industrial patenting is still limited in most of the countries studied. Finally, several of the countries we examined have a strong focus on health biotechnology compared to other types of biotechnology in their patenting rates. It remains to be seen if the increased patenting will foster biotechnology innovation.

Uyen Quach; Halla Thorsteinsdottir; James Renihan; Archana Bhatt; Zoe Costa Von Aesch; Peter A. Singer; Abdallah S. Daar

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

P261: Study of hospital associated infections (HAI) at tertiary hospital in India; economic implication for developing countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Over 1.4 million people worldwide suffer from HAI at any given time. Hospital wide prevalence of HAI varies from 5....1...]. This study focuses on the economic consequences and social burden of HAI cases in a ter...

S Satpathy; A Chaudhry; SK Gupta; A Kapil

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Large-Scale Wind Integration Studies in the United States: Preliminary Results  

SciTech Connect

The National Renewable Energy Laboratory, under the sponsorship of the U.S. Department of Energy, is managing two large-scale wind integration studies. The Western Wind and Solar Integration Study (WWSIS) covers the footprint of WestConnect, a group of transmission owners that covers most of Colorado, New Mexico, Arizona, Nevada, and Wyoming. The Eastern Wind Integration and Transmission Study (EWITS) covers a large part of the Eastern Interconnection, and leverages a large-scale transmission study known as the Joint Coordinated System Plan (JCSP). Both studies analyze the impact of 20-30% wind energy penetration within the study footprint based on energy. This paper discusses key results that have emerged so far from each study, focusing primarily on simulation results based on hourly production simulations. Results from both studies show that high wind penetrations can be successfully integrated into the power system, but depend on sufficient transmission and significant changes in operations.

Milligan, M.; Lew, D.; Corbus, D.; Piwko, R.; Miller, N.; Clark, K.; Jordan, G.; Freeman, L.; Zavadil, B.; Schuerger, M.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Integrated Concentration in Science, 2012 High Fructose Corn Syrup a mini iCons case study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Integrated Concentration in Science, 2012 High Fructose Corn Syrup� a mini iCons case study knowledge affect you? What iCons learning goals did you meet with this case study, and how? How could you

Auerbach, Scott M.

110

Mass Market Demand Response and Variable Generation Integration Issues: A Scoping Study  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mass Market Demand Response and Mass Market Demand Response and Mass Market Demand Response and Mass Market Demand Response and Variable Generation Integration Issues: Variable Generation Integration Issues: Variable Generation Integration Issues: Variable Generation Integration Issues: A Scoping Study A Scoping Study Peter Cappers, Andrew Mills, Charles Goldman, Ryan Wiser, Joseph H. Eto Report Summary October 2011 Energy Analysis Department  Electricity Markets and Policy Group 1 1 Presentation Overview Presentation Overview  Objectives and Approach  Variable Generation Resources and the Bulk Power System  Demand Response Opportunities  Demand Response as a Strategy to Integrate p gy g Variable Generation Resources  Comparison of Various Strategies to Integrate Variable Generation  Conclusions Energy Analysis Department  Electricity Markets and Policy Group

111

Magnetization and EPR studies of the single molecule magnet Ni4 with integrated sensors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Magnetization and EPR studies of the single molecule magnet Ni4 with integrated sensors G. de 2007 Integrated magnetic sensors that allow simultaneous EPR and magnetization measurements have been with a micro-Hall effect magnetometer. EPR spectroscopy is used to determine the energy splitting between

del Barco, Enrique

112

How Do Wind and Solar Power Affect Grid Operations: The Western Wind and Solar Integration Study  

SciTech Connect

The Western Wind and Solar Integration Study is one of the largest regional wind and solar integration studies to date, examining the operational impact of up to 35% wind, photovoltaics, and concentrating solar power on the WestConnect grid in Arizona, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, and Wyoming. This paper reviews the scope of the study, the development of wind and solar datasets, and the results to date on three scenarios.

Lew, D.; Milligan, M.; Jordan, G.; Freeman, L.; Miller, N.; Clark, K.; Piwko, R.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

ASSESSMENT OF MICRO HYDRO POWER POTENTIAL OF SELECTED ETHIOPIAN RIVERS- A CASE STUDY IN THE NORTH-WEST PART OF THE COUNTRY.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Ethiopia is a country situated in the horn of Africa with a total population of 80 million of which 85% is living in rural areas (more)

Abebe, Tilahun

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

"Gulf Pidgin Arabic" : individual strategies or a structured variety? : a study of some features of the linguistic behaviour of Asian migrants in the Gulf countries.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Gulf Pidgin Arabic (GPA) is a scarcely documented contact language in the Arabic-speaking Persian Gulf countries, which has been used as a communication tool between (more)

Nss, Unn Gyda

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Integrative Workplace: Studying the Effect of Digital Desks on Users'  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to develop the system and tested it in a pre-study. The study revealed a system usability between OK and GOOD.Gebhardt@uni-konstanz.de Roman Rädle Human-Computer Interaction Group University of Konstanz, Germany Roman implementation. Then, we report results from a pre-study that inform the next iteration of our prototype. We

Reiterer, Harald

116

Demand Response and Variable Generation Integration Scoping Study  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Utility Studies Utility Studies LBNL-6248E Peter Cappers, Annika Todd, Charles Goldman June 2013 1 Presentation Overview * Objectives and Approach * Details of CBS Projects * Summary and Conclusions 2 LBNL - Smart Grid Investment Grant Consumer Behavior Study Analysis Background on Smart Grid Investment Grant's Consumer Behavior Studies * The U.S. DOE's Smart Grid Investment Grant (SGIG) program includes projects studying the response of mass market consumers (i.e., residential and small commercial customers) to time-based rate programs * DOE is seeking to apply a consistent study design and analysis framework for these Consumer Behavior Studies (CBS) * The goal is to conduct comparative analysis of the impacts of AMI, time-based rate programs and enabling technologies that

117

Integrated Box Interrogation System (IBIS) Preliminary Design Study  

SciTech Connect

Canberra Industries has won the tendered solicitation, INEEL/EST-99-00121 for boxed waste Nondestructive Assay Development and Demonstration. Canberra will provide the Integrated Box Interrogation System (IBIS) which is a suite of assay instrumentation and a data reduction system that addresses the measurement needs for Boxed Wastes identified in the solicitation and facilitates the associated experimental program and demonstration of system capability. The IBIS system will consist of the next generation CWAM system, i.e. CWAM II, which is a Scanning Passive/Active Neutron interrogation system which we will call a Box Segmented Neutron Scanner (BSNS), combined with a physically separate Box Segmented Gamma-ray Scanning (BSGS) system. These systems are based on existing hardware designs but will be tailored to the large sample size and enhanced to allow the program to evaluate the following measurement criteria:Characterization and correction for matrix heterogeneity Characterization of non-uniform radio-nuclide and isotopic compositions Assay of high density matrices (both high-Z and high moderator contents)Correction for radioactive material physical form - such as self shielding or multiplication effects due to large accumulations of radioactive materials.Calibration with a minimal set of reference standards and representative matrices.THis document summarizes the conceptual design parameters of the IBIS and indicates areas key to the success of the project where development is to be centered. The work presented here is a collaborative effort between scientific staff within Canberra and within the NIS-6 group at LANL.

DR. Stephen Croft; Mr. David Martancik; Dr. Brian Young; Dr. Patrick MJ Chard; Dr. Robert J Estop; Sheila Melton; Gaetano J. Arnone

2003-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

118

Case Study of Optimal Byproduct Gas Distribution in Integrated Steel Mill Using Multi-Period Optimization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

? ? ? Case Study of Optimal Byproduct Gas Distribution in Integrated Steel Mill Using Multi-Period Optimization KIMMO M?KINEN BUSINESS MANAGER TONI KYM?L?INEN PRODUCT MANAGER JAAKKO JUNTTILA SALES MANAGER ABB OY HELSINKI FINLAND...

Makinen, K.; Kymalainen, T.; Junttila, J.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Mass Market Demand Response and Variable Generation Integration Issues: A Scoping Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

capacity for wind, although these extreme ramp-rates wereIn order to manage extreme events with 30% wind and 5% solarWind and Solar Integration Study indicates that extreme

Cappers, Peter

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

The Western Wind and Solar Integration Study Phase 2 (Fact Sheet), NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This is one-page, two-sided fact sheet presents high-level summary results of the Western Wind and Solar Integration Study Phase 2, which examined operational impacts of high penetrations of variable renewable generation in the West.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "integration study country" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Country Political Risk Contents  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

For investors, domestic and international, the assessment of political risk is very important to decide whether to ... not in a particular market or country. Political risk can simply be defined as the risk of lo...

Mohamed A. Ramady

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Integrated study of Mississippian Lodgepole Waulsortian Mounds, Williston Basin, USA  

SciTech Connect

Waulsortian-type carbonate buildups in the Mississippian Lodgepole Formation, Williston Basin, constitute prolific oil reservoirs. Since the initial discovery in 1993, five fields have been discovered: Dickinson Field (Lodgepole pool); Eland Field; Duck Creek Field, Versippi Field; and Hiline Field. Cumulative production (October, 1995) is 2.32 million barrels of oil and 1.34 BCF gas, with only 69,000 barrels of water. Oil gravity ranges from 41.4 to 45.3 API. Both subsurface cores from these fields as well as outcrop (Bridget Range, Big Snowy and Little Belt Mountains, Montana) are composed of facies representing deposition in mound, reworked mound, distal reworked mound, proximal flank, distal flank, and intermound settings. Porosity values within the mound and reworked mound facies are up to 15%; permeability values (in places fracture-enhanced) are up to tens of Darcies. Geometries of the mounds are variable. Mound thicknesses in the subsurface range from approximately 130-325 feet (40-100 meters); in outcrop thicknesses range from less than 30 ft (9 m) to over 250 ft (76 m). Subsurface areal dimensions range from approximately 0.5 x 1.0 mi (0.8 x 1.6 km) to 3.5 x 5.5 mi (5.6 x 8.8 km). Integration of seismic data with core and well-log models sheds light on the exploration for Lodgepole mounds. Seismic modeling of productive mounds in the Dickinson and Eland fields identifies characteristics useful for exploration, such as local thickening of the Lodgepole to Three Forks interval. These observations are confirmed in reprocessed seismic data across Eland field and on regional seismic data. Importantly, amplitude versus offset modeling identifies problems with directly detecting and identifying porosity within these features with amplitude analyses. In contrast, multicomponent seismic data has great potential for imaging these features and quantifying porous zones within them.

Kupecz, J.A.; Arestad, J.F.; Blott, J. E. [Kupecz and Associates, Ltd., Denver, CO (United States)

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Oahu Wind Integration and Transmission Study (OWITS): Hawaiian Islands Transmission Interconnection Project  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Oahu Wind Integration and Oahu Wind Integration and Transmission Study (OWITS) Hawaiian Islands Transmission Interconnection Project Dennis Woodford Electranix Corporation Winnipeg, Manitoba Canada Subcontract Report NREL/SR-5500-50411 February 2011 NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard Golden, Colorado 80401 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308 Oahu Wind Integration and Transmission Study (OWITS) Hawaiian Islands Transmission Interconnection Project Dennis Woodford Electranix Corporation Winnipeg, Manitoba Canada NREL Technical Monitor: David Corbus

124

National climate change action plans: Interim report for developing and transition countries  

SciTech Connect

Under its Support for National Action Plans (SNAP) initiative, the U.S. Country Studies Program is providing financial and technical assistance to 18 countries for the development of climate change action plans. Although most of the countries have not yet completed their plans, the important lessons learned thus far are valuable and should be shared with other countries and international institutions that have an interest in the process of action plan development. This interim report describes the experience of 11 countries that are the furthest along in their planning activity and who have offered to share their results to date with the larger community of interested nations. These action plans delineate specific mitigation and adaptation measures that the countries will implement and integrate into their ongoing development programs. This report focuses on the measures the countries have selected and the methods they used to prepare their action plans. This executive summary presents key lessons and common themes using a structure similar to that used in the individual country chapters.

Benioff, R.; Ness, E.; Hirst, J. [eds.

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

The Western Wind and Solar Integration Study Phase 2: Executive...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

STUDY PHASE 2: Executive Summary Debra Lew and Greg Brinkman National Renewable Energy Laboratory Prepared under Task Nos. OE10.3020, SS12.2720, SM12.2010, and WE11.0810...

126

Eastern Wind Integration and Transmission Study (EWITS) (Revised...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

of the March 25-26, 2009 Conference for the 2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study - Sessions 4 & 5 U.S. Offshore Wind Manufacturing and Supply Chain Development...

127

The Western Wind and Solar Integration Study (Fact Sheet), NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Wear-and-Tear Costs and Emissions Wear-and-Tear Costs and Emissions Impacts of Cycling and Ramping Are Relatively Small The Western Wind and Solar Integration Study (WWSIS) is one of the largest regional wind and solar integration studies to date. It examines the operational impact of up to 35% penetration of wind, photovoltaic (PV), and concentrating solar power (CSP) energy on the electric power system. The goal is to understand the effects of and investigate mitigation options for the variability and uncertainty of wind and solar. Phase 1 Research Phase 1 of the Western Wind and Solar Integration Study (WWSIS1) found no technical barriers to the integration of high penetrations of wind and solar power in the Western Interconnection power system if certain changes to opera- tional practices are made. The two most important changes

128

Microsoft PowerPoint - An Integrated Study_Yang  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Study on the Novel Thermal Barrier Coating Study on the Novel Thermal Barrier Coating for Nb-based High Temperature Alloy Shizhong Yang, Ebrahim Khosravi Southern University and A & M College 6/12/2013 Pittsburgh, PA Outline *Introduction *Simulation and Experiment Results *Future work *Acknowledgement Introduction * Project Period: 10/1/2011 ~ 9/30/2013 * Project Manager: Richard Dunst * Project Objectives: (1) Perform interface energy and HPC simulation on the bond coat/Nb-based alloy and top coat/bond coat models to screen out the potential bond coat candidates. (2). Study the high temperature properties and the oxidation resistance capabilities through molecular dynamics simulation. (3). Perform experiments on the oxidation resistance of the most promising systems from the simulation. The isothermal oxidation and corrosiveness

129

Review of the integrated thermal and nonthermal treatment system studies. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report contains a review and evaluation of three systems analysis studies performed by LITCO on integrated thermal treatment systems and integrated nonthermal treatment systems for the remediation of mixed low-level waste stored throughout the US Department of Energy weapons complex. The review was performed by an independent team of nine researchers from the Energy and Environmental Research Center, Science Applications International Corporation, the Waste Policy Institute, and Virginia Tech. The three studies reviewed were as follows: Integrated Thermal Treatment System Study, Phase 1 -- issued July 1994; Integrated Thermal Treatment System Study, Phase 2 -- issued February 1996; and Integrated Nonthermal Treatment System Study -- drafted March 1996. The purpose of this review was to (1) determine whether the assumptions of the studies were adequate to produce an unbiased review of both thermal and nonthermal systems, (2) to identify the critical areas of the studies that would benefit from further investigation, and (3) to develop a standard template that could be used in future studies to assure a sound application of systems engineering.

NONE

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

California-Wyoming Grid Integration Study: Phase 1 -- Economic Analysis  

SciTech Connect

This study presents a comparative analysis of two different renewable energy options for the California energy market between 2017 and 2020: 12,000 GWh per year from new California in-state renewable energy resources; and 12,000 GWh per year from Wyoming wind delivered to the California marketplace. Either option would add to the California resources already existing or under construction, theoretically providing the last measure of power needed to meet (or to slightly exceed) the state's 33% renewable portfolio standard. Both options have discretely measurable differences in transmission costs, capital costs (due to the enabling of different generation portfolios), capacity values, and production costs. The purpose of this study is to compare and contrast the two different options to provide additional insight for future planning.

Corbus, D.; Hurlbut, D.; Schwabe, P.; Ibanez, E.; Milligan, M.; Brinkman, G.; Paduru, A.; Diakov, V.; Hand, M.

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Thailand: Asia Pacific energy series: Country report  

SciTech Connect

As part of our continuing assessment of the Asia-Pacific energy markets, the Energy Program has embarked upon country studies that discuss in detail the structure of the energy sector in each country within the region. The country studies also provide the reader with an overview of the economic situation and, when possible, of the political situation in the country under study. We have particularly highlighted petroleum and gas issues in the country studies and have attempted to show the foreign trade implications of oil and gas trade. Finally, as much as possible, we have provided the latest available statistics---more often than not, from unpublished sources. Staff members have traveled extensively in the countries under review and have spoken to top policymakers in government and industry. Thus, these reports provide not only information but the latest thinking on energy issues in various countries. It is our hope that over the next few years these country studies can be updated and will provide a continuous, long-term source of energy sector analysis for the Asia-Pacific region. 48 refs., 23 figs., 56 tabs.

Fridley, D.

1988-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Kauai Island Utility Co-op (KIUC) PV integration study.  

SciTech Connect

This report investigates the effects that increased distributed photovoltaic (PV) generation would have on the Kauai Island Utility Co-op (KIUC) system operating requirements. The study focused on determining reserve requirements needed to mitigate the impact of PV variability on system frequency, and the impact on operating costs. Scenarios of 5-MW, 10-MW, and 15-MW nameplate capacity of PV generation plants distributed across the Kauai Island were considered in this study. The analysis required synthesis of the PV solar resource data and modeling of the KIUC system inertia. Based on the results, some findings and conclusions could be drawn, including that the selection of units identified as marginal resources that are used for load following will change; PV penetration will displace energy generated by existing conventional units, thus reducing overall fuel consumption; PV penetration at any deployment level is not likely to reduce system peak load; and increasing PV penetration has little effect on load-following reserves. The study was performed by EnerNex under contract from Sandia National Laboratories with cooperation from KIUC.

Ellis, Abraham; Mousseau, Tom (Knoxville, TN)

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Integration of hydrothermal-energy economics: related quantitative studies  

SciTech Connect

A comparison of ten models for computing the cost of hydrothermal energy is presented. This comparison involved a detailed examination of a number of technical and economic parameters of the various quantitative models with the objective of identifying the most important parameters in the context of accurate estimates of cost of hydrothermal energy. Important features of various models, such as focus of study, applications, marked sectors covered, methodology, input data requirements, and output are compared in the document. A detailed sensitivity analysis of all the important engineering and economic parameters is carried out to determine the effect of non-consideration of individual parameters.

Not Available

1982-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Development of biomarkers in an integrated approach to environmental studies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study was conducted in a contained environment in order to develop biomarkers and to evaluate the environmental damage after a release of two different toxic substances which are widely used in industrial production. In a simulation study performed in Tor Mancina area (near Rome, Italy), two dangerous substances (formaldehyde and bromine) were tested. Chemical and physical characterisation, nutritive and organic contents, and trace elements presence were also investigated. The contamination effects on soil functional qualities and plant nutrition were evaluated; furthermore DNA damage with short-term genotoxicity tests and DNA biosensor on polluted soils and gravitational water, was detected. The genotoxic effects were evaluated on Vicia faba seedlings by two different short-term tests: comet assay and micronuclei test. A DNA-based biosensor for the detection of genotoxic compounds in soil samples was assembled by immobilising double stranded calf thymus DNA on screen-printed electrodes. An agreement between the comet assay and the other methodologies was observed. The results showed that the nature and the concentration of the two substances result in different molecular interaction with exposed environment. Furthermore, some of the chemical physical parameters considered are applicable indicators for the evaluation of the soil??plant system pollution.

Elena Sturchio; Priscilla Boccia; Miriam Zanellato; Claudio Beni; Graziana Bagni; Marco Mascini; Mario Pezzella

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

A Case Study For Geothermal Exploration In The Ne German Basin- Integrated  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Geothermal Exploration In The Ne German Basin- Integrated Geothermal Exploration In The Ne German Basin- Integrated Interpretation Of Seismic Tomography, Litho-Stratigraphy, Salt Tectonics, And Thermal Structure Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Proceedings: A Case Study For Geothermal Exploration In The Ne German Basin- Integrated Interpretation Of Seismic Tomography, Litho-Stratigraphy, Salt Tectonics, And Thermal Structure Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: Unavailable Author(s): K. Bauer, I. Moeck, B. Norden, A. Schulze, M. H. Weber Published: Publisher Unknown, 2009 Document Number: Unavailable DOI: Unavailable Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=A_Case_Study_For_Geothermal_Exploration_In_The_Ne_German_Basin-_Integrated_Interpretation_Of_Seismic_Tomography,_Litho-Stratigraphy,_Salt_Tectonics,_And_Thermal_Structure&oldid=390106"

136

countries | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

97 97 Varnish cache server Browse Upload data GDR 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 2142281497 Varnish cache server countries Dataset Summary Description This dataset comes from the Energy Information Administration (EIA), and is part of the 2011 Annual Energy Outlook Report (AEO2011). This dataset is table 142, and contains only the reference case. The dataset uses million short tons. The data is broken down into steam coal exports to Europe, Asia and America. Source EIA Date Released April 26th, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords 2011 AEO Coal flows countries EIA exporting importing Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon AEO2011: World Steam Coal Flows By Importing Regions and Exporting Countries- Reference Case (xls, 103.7 KiB)

137

Investigating Returns to Investments in Education: An Empirical Study Estimating Returns to Primary, Secondary and Tertiary Education for Countries at Different Levels of Economic Development  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

refer to where in education governments should invest in order to obtain the highest returns, based on the specific characteristics of their countries (i.e. level of economic development). The purpose of this dissertation is to estimate and determine...

Lozano, Ricardo Viviano

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

138

System Losses Study - FIT (Fuel-cycle Integration and Tradeoffs)  

SciTech Connect

This team aimed to understand the broad implications of changes of operating performance and parameters of a fuel cycle component on the entire system. In particular, this report documents the study of the impact of changing the loss of fission products into recycled fuel and the loss of actinides into waste. When the effort started in spring 2009, an over-simplified statement of the objective was the number of nines how would the cost of separation, fuel fabrication, and waste management change as the number of nines of separation efficiency changed. The intent was to determine the optimum losses of TRU into waste for the single system that had been the focus of the Global Nuclear Energy Program (GNEP), namely sustained recycle in burner fast reactors, fed by transuranic (TRU) material recovered from used LWR UOX-51 fuel. That objective proved to be neither possible (insufficient details or attention to the former GNEP options, change in national waste management strategy from a Yucca Mountain focus) nor appropriate given the 2009-2010 change to a science-based program considering a wider range of options. Indeed, the definition of losses itself changed from the loss of TRU into waste to a generic definition that a loss is any material that ends up where it is undesired. All streams from either separation or fuel fabrication are products; fuel feed streams must lead to fuels with tolerable impurities and waste streams must meet waste acceptance criteria (WAC) for one or more disposal sites. And, these losses are linked in the sense that as the loss of TRU into waste is reduced, often the loss or carryover of waste into TRU or uranium is increased. The effort has provided a mechanism for connecting these three Campaigns at a technical level that had not previously occurred asking smarter and smarter questions, sometimes answering them, discussing assumptions, identifying R&D needs, and gaining new insights. The FIT model has been a forcing function, helping the team in this endeavor. Models dont like TBD as an input, forcing us to make assumptions and see if they matter. A major addition in FY 2010 was exploratory analysis of modified open fuel cycles, employing minimum fuel treatment as opposed to full aqueous or electrochemical separation treatment. This increased complexity in our analysis and analytical tool development because equilibrium conditions do not appear sustainable in minimum fuel treatment cases, as was assumed in FY 2009 work with conventional aqueous and electrochemical separation. It is no longer reasonable to assume an equilibrium situation exists in all cases.

Steven J. Piet; Nick R. Soelberg; Samuel E. Bays; Robert S. Cherry; Denia Djokic; Candido Pereira; Layne F. Pincock; Eric L. Shaber; Melissa C. Teague; Gregory M. Teske; Kurt G. Vedros

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Studies on the integration pattern of FBDV genome in host cell DNA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

STUDIES ON THE INTEGRATION PATTERN OF FBDV GENOME IN HOST CELL DNA A Thesis by MIRZA AMANATULLA BAIG Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE May 1992 Major Subject: Veterinary Microbiology STUDIES ON THE INTEGRATION PA~ OF FBDV GENOME IN HOST CELL DNA A Thesis by MIRZA AMANATULLA BAIG Approved as to style and content by: David L. Grah m (Chair of Commi tee) Maurice C. mp...

Baig, Mirza Amanatulla

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

COUNTRY INSTITUTION SIGNING DATE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

COUNTRY INSTITUTION SIGNING DATE /RENEWAL WEB SITE ALBANIA University of Tirana 11.12.2001 www /RENEWAL WEB SITE FINLAND JAMK University of Applied Sciences 29.10.2009 www.jamk.fi/ FRANCE ?cole INSTITUTION SIGNING DATE /RENEWAL WEB SITE MACEDONIA St. Cyril and Methodius" University of Skopje 11

Di Pillo, Gianni

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "integration study country" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

An Integrated Assessment Framework for Uncertainty Studies in Global and Regional Climate Change: The IGSM-CAM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper describes an integrated assessment framework for uncertainty studies in global and regional climate change. In this framework, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Integrated Global System Model (IGSM), ...

Monier, Erwan

2012-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

142

PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE AND SHADOW: STUDY AND INTEGRATION OF A CURRENT BALANCING SYSTEM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE AND SHADOW: STUDY AND INTEGRATION OF A CURRENT BALANCING SYSTEM Stéphane: Current crystalline photovoltaic modules (PV) are designed with 36 or 72 series ­ connected PV cells of shadow, keep the reliability and the cost imposed by the market [7, 8, and 9]. This study concerns

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

143

Eastern Wind Integration and Transmission Study: Executive Summary and Project Overview  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This study evaluates the future operational and integration impacts of three different 20 percent wind energy penetration scenarios and one 30 percent wind penetration scenario, including a high-level analysis of transmission to deliver the wind energy to load centers, in the study year 2024.

144

Integrative modeling of multiple genomic data from different types of genetic association studies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......the utility of the proposed method in an asthma GWAS study, a brain tumor study, and numerical simulations. Data integration...Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most common malignant brain tumor that is rapidly fatal with a median survival time between......

Yen-Tsung Huang

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

MINI PROSPECTUS 100countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Entrepreneurship Environmental Health Geoenvironmental Engineering (MRes) Integrated Pollution Prevention Civil Engineering Civil and Environmental Engineering Computer and Electronic Systems Building Design and Management Urban Design Biomedical Engineering Biomedical Engineering (MRes

Mottram, Nigel

146

Interfacing Oz with the PCTE OMS: A Case Study of Integrating a Legacy System with a Standard  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Interfacing Oz with the PCTE OMS: A Case Study of Integrating a Legacy System with a Standard to the PCTE OMS. The resulting proof­of­concept hybrid system has process control and integration services), testing, and documenting. Support is more effective if the environment is integrated -- if all its

Lee, Wenke

147

Roadmap: Integrated Health Studies Health Care Administration and Systems -Bachelor of Science  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Roadmap: Integrated Health Studies ­ Health Care Administration and Systems - Bachelor of Science] ECON 42086 Economics of Health Care 3 Offered in fall only MIS 24163 Principles of Management 3 MKTG and Health Care (3) 3 Prerequisite: SOC 12050 General Electives (lower or upper division) 6 Semester Seven

Sheridan, Scott

148

Roadmap: Integrated Health Studies Health Care Administration and Systems -Bachelor of Science  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Roadmap: Integrated Health Studies ­ Health Care Administration and Systems - Bachelor of Science Hours] ECON 42086 Economics of Health Care 3 Offered in fall only MIS 24163 Principles of Management 3 and Health Care (3) 3 Prerequisite: SOC 12050 General Electives (lower or upper division) 6 Semester Seven

Sheridan, Scott

149

An Integrated Study Method For Exploration Of Gas Hydrate Reservoirs In  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Study Method For Exploration Of Gas Hydrate Reservoirs In Study Method For Exploration Of Gas Hydrate Reservoirs In Marine Areas Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: An Integrated Study Method For Exploration Of Gas Hydrate Reservoirs In Marine Areas Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: We propose an integrated study method for exploration of gas hydrate reservoirs in marine areas. This method combines analyses of geology, seismology, and geochemistry. First, geological analysis is made using data of material sources, structures, sediments, and geothermal regimes to determine the hydrocarbon-formation conditions of gas hydrate in marine areas. Then analyses of seismic attributes,such as BSR, AVO, and BZ as well as forward modeling are conducted to predict the potential

150

Mass Market Demand Response and Variable Generation Integration Issues: A Scoping Study  

SciTech Connect

This scoping study focuses on the policy issues inherent in the claims made by some Smart Grid proponents that the demand response potential of mass market customers which is enabled by widespread implementation of Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI) through the Smart Grid could be the silver bullet for mitigating variable generation integration issues. In terms of approach, we will: identify key issues associated with integrating large amounts of variable generation into the bulk power system; identify demand response opportunities made more readily available to mass market customers through widespread deployment of AMI systems and how they can affect the bulk power system; assess the extent to which these mass market Demand Response (DR) opportunities can mitigate Variable Generation (VG) integration issues in the near-term and what electricity market structures and regulatory practices could be changed to further expand the ability for DR to mitigate VG integration issues over the long term; and provide a qualitative comparison of DR and other approaches to mitigate VG integration issues.

Cappers, Peter; Mills, Andrew; Goldman, Charles; Wiser, Ryan; Eto, Joseph H.

2011-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

151

Experimental and simulation study of the impact of increased photovoltaic integration with the grid  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The abundance availability and climate-friendly characteristics of solar photovoltaic (PV) energy encourage nations around the globe to adopt it to assist in overcoming global warming as well as build a sustainable society for the future. The intermittent nature of solar energy generation and the associated power electronic inverters with connected consumer loads creates a number of potential challenges in integrating large-scale PV into the grid that affects power quality of the distribution networks. This paper investigates the impacts of varying PV integration into the grid through experimental and simulation studies. Initially several experiments were conducted with varying PV penetration and load conditions using the Renewable Energy Integration Facility at CSIRO Newcastle Australia. Later a simulation model was developed that mimics the experimental facility used at CSIRO to investigate the adverse impacts on integrating large-scale PV into the grid using the power system simulation software PSS Sincal. Experimental and simulation analyses clearly indicate that integration of PV into the grid causes power quality issues such as voltage instability harmonic injection and low power factor into the networks and the level of these impacts increases with the increase of PV penetration.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Health biotechnology publishing takes-off in developing countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

To gain insights into the potentials and characteristics of health biotechnology in developing countries, we carried out an analysis of health biotechnology publications in developing nations that have had some successes in this field. We analysed the patterns of health biotechnology publications of authors from seven developing countries from 1991 to 2002. Our results showed a significant growth in health biotechnology publications in developing countries. Their growth in the field was larger than the growth in industrialised countries, but the visibility of their research was limited. Universities were found to be the strongest producers of health biotechnology papers in the countries we studied. This study showed further that international research collaboration of these countries was extensive and domestic knowledge flows between their institutions seems to be increasing. Contrary to other work on health research in developing countries, this study suggested that developing countries' research was focused on local health needs.

Halla Thorsteinsdottir; Abdallah S. Daar; Peter A. Singer; Eric Archambault; Subbiah Arunachalam

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

The market for alfalfa seed in the country of Mexico.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study develops a knowledge base of the market for alfalfa seed in the country of Mexico. The research findings and results of the study (more)

Berentsen, Roberto, Jr

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

The link between energy and GDP in developing countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Historical studies of the energy-demand patterns of the industrial countries show increasing energy intensity followed by decreasing intensity. To explore the energy intensity patterns of developing countries, a data base was assembled for 38 developing countries. The data base contains estimates of per capita energy demand and GDP for 1950, 1960, 1970 and 1980. If the GDP is measured using the purchasing power parity method, analysis of the data base demonstrates an increase in energy intensity as countries develop.

David B. Reister

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Phase 2 Report: Oahu Wind Integration and Transmission Study (OWITS); Hawaiian Islands Transmission Interconnection Project  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Phase 2 Report: Oahu Wind Phase 2 Report: Oahu Wind Integration and Transmission Study (OWITS) Hawaiian Islands Transmission Interconnection Project Dennis Woodford Electranix Corporation Winnipeg, Manitoba Canada Subcontract Report NREL/SR-5500-50414 February 2011 NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard Golden, Colorado 80401 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308 Phase 2 Report: Oahu Wind Integration and Transmission Study (OWITS) Hawaiian Islands Transmission Interconnection Project Dennis Woodford Electranix Corporation Winnipeg, Manitoba Canada

156

Analysis of Cycling Costs in Western Wind and Solar Integration Study  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Analysis of Cycling Costs in Analysis of Cycling Costs in Western Wind and Solar Integration Study Gary Jordan and Sundar Venkataraman GE Energy Schenectady, New York NREL Technical Monitor: Debra Lew Subcontract Report NREL/SR-5500-54864 June 2012 NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. National Renewable Energy Laboratory 15013 Denver West Parkway Golden, Colorado 80401 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308 Analysis of Cycling Costs in Western Wind and Solar Integration Study Gary Jordan and Sundar Venkataraman GE Energy Schenectady, New York NREL Technical Monitor: Debra Lew Prepared under Subcontract No. KLFT-1-11349-01

157

The Integrative Application Study on Solar Energy Technology Used In a Student Dormitory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ICEBO2006, Shenzhen, China Re newable Energy Resources and a Greener Future Vol.VIII-5-3 The Integrative Application Study on Solar Energy Technology Used In a Student Dormitory 1 Yibing Xue Chongjie Wang Associate...] Chongjie Wang Wenjing He Yibing Xue. Application of Solar Wall in European and American Architecture Designing[J]. Architecture journal,2004,8:76-78. ICEBO2006, Shenzhen, China Re newable Energy Resources and a Greener Future Vol.VIII-5...

Xue, Y.; Wang, C.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Proton Transport in Triflic Acid Hydrates Studied via Path Integral Car?Parrinello Molecular Dynamics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Proton Transport in Triflic Acid Hydrates Studied via Path Integral Car?Parrinello Molecular Dynamics ... The mono-, di-, and tetrahydrates of trifluoromethanesulfonic acid, which contain characteristic H3O+, H5O2+, and H9O4+ structures, provide model systems for understanding proton transport in materials with high perfluorosulfonic acid density such as perfluorosulfonic acid membranes commonly employed in hydrogen fuel cells. ... Hydrogen is described as a promising future fuel if the fuel cell technol. ...

Robin L. Hayes; Stephen J. Paddison; Mark E. Tuckerman

2009-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

159

Fracture toughness studies of nodular iron using a J-integral approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The fracture toughness of nodular iron has been studied varying the silicon content, amount of matrix pearlite, graphite nodule count Iwith constant volume fraction of graphite) and temperature. Fracture tough- ness values (Ki ) have been obtained over... Testing Procedures J-integral Approach The Role of Various Elements in Nodular Iron The Role of Graphite Nodules The Role of the Matrix Specimen Thickness EXPERIMENTAL PROCEDURES Specimen Preparation Testing Procedure Data Reduction Scanning...

Mead, Hearl Edward

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

160

Electric network interconnection of Mashreq Arab Countries  

SciTech Connect

Power system interconnection is a well established practice for a variety of technical and economical reasons. Several interconnected networks exist worldwide for a number of factors. Some of these networks cross international boundaries. This presentation discusses the future developments of the power systems of Mashreq Arab Countries (MAC). MAC consists of Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates (UAE), and Yemen. Mac power systems are operated by government or semigovernment bodies. Many of these countries have national or regional electric grids but are generally isolated from each other. With the exception of Saudi Arabia power systems, which employ 60 Hz, all other MAC utilities use 50 Hz frequency. Each country is served by one utility, except Saudi Arabia, which is served by four major utilities and some smaller utilities serving remote towns and small load centers. The major utilities are the Saudi Consolidated electric Company in the Eastern Province (SCECO East), SCECO Center, SCECO West, and SCECO South. These are the ones considered in this study. The energy resources in MAC are varied. Countries such as Egypt, Iraq, and Syria have significant hydro resources.The gulf countries and Iraq have abundant fossil fuel, The variation in energy resources as well as the characteristics of the electric load make it essential to look into interconnections beyond the national boundaries. Most of the existing or planned interconnections involve few power systems. A study involving 12 countries and over 20 utilities with different characteristics represents a very large scale undertaking.

El-Amin, I.M.; Al-Shehri, A.M.; Opoku, G.; Al-Baiyat, S.A.; Zedan, F.M.

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "integration study country" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Dynamic Complexity Study of Nuclear Reactor and Process Heat Application Integration  

SciTech Connect

Abstract This paper describes the key obstacles and challenges facing the integration of nuclear reactors with process heat applications as they relate to dynamic issues. The paper also presents capabilities of current modeling and analysis tools available to investigate these issues. A pragmatic approach to an analysis is developed with the ultimate objective of improving the viability of nuclear energy as a heat source for process industries. The extension of nuclear energy to process heat industries would improve energy security and aid in reduction of carbon emissions by reducing demands for foreign derived fossil fuels. The paper begins with an overview of nuclear reactors and process application for potential use in an integrated system. Reactors are evaluated against specific characteristics that determine their compatibility with process applications such as heat outlet temperature. The reactor system categories include light water, heavy water, small to medium, near term high-temperature, and far term high temperature reactors. Low temperature process systems include desalination, district heating, and tar sands and shale oil recovery. High temperature processes that support hydrogen production include steam reforming, steam cracking, hydrogen production by electrolysis, and far-term applications such as the sulfur iodine chemical process and high-temperature electrolysis. A simple static matching between complementary systems is performed; however, to gain a true appreciation for system integration complexity, time dependent dynamic analysis is required. The paper identifies critical issues arising from dynamic complexity associated with integration of systems. Operational issues include scheduling conflicts and resource allocation for heat and electricity. Additionally, economic and safety considerations that could impact the successful integration of these systems are considered. Economic issues include the cost differential arising due to an integrated system and the economic allocation of electricity and heat resources. Safety issues include changes in regulatory constraints imposed on the facilities. Modeling and analysis tools, such as System Dynamics for time dependent operational and economic issues and RELAP5 3D for chemical transient affects, are evaluated. The results of this study advance the body of knowledge toward integration of nuclear reactors and process heat applications.

J'Tia Patrice Taylor; David E. Shropshire

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

How Do High Levels of Wind and Solar Impact the Grid? The Western Wind and Solar Integration Study  

SciTech Connect

This paper is a brief introduction to the scope of the Western Wind and Solar Integration Study (WWSIS), inputs and scenario development, and the key findings of the study.

Lew, D.; Piwko, D.; Miller, N.; Jordan, G.; Clark, K.; Freeman, L.

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Some studies on industrial Refrigeration system integrated With encapsulated pcm in cool Thermal energy storage system;.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The widespread use of refrigeration and air conditioning utilities newlineespecially in the developing countries has increased manifold during the last newlinedecade This additional load on (more)

Cheralathan M

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Analysis of Cycling Costs in Western Wind and Solar Integration Study  

SciTech Connect

The Western Wind and Solar Integration Study (WWSIS) examined the impact of up to 30% penetration of variable renewable generation on the Western Electricity Coordinating Council system. Although start-up costs and higher operating costs because of part-load operation of thermal generators were included in the analysis, further investigation of additional costs associated with thermal unit cycling was deemed worthwhile. These additional cycling costs can be attributed to increases in capital as well as operations and maintenance costs because of wear and tear associated with increased unit cycling. This analysis examines the additional cycling costs of the thermal fleet by leveraging the results of WWSIS Phase 1 study.

Jordan, G.; Venkataraman, S.

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

The Western Wind and Solar Integration Study Phase 2 (Fact Sheet), NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of Energy Efficiency of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. The Western Wind and Solar Integration Study Phase 2 An examination of how wind and solar power affect operations, costs, and emissions from fossil-fueled generators The electric grid is a highly complex, interconnected machine. Changing one part of the grid can have consequences elsewhere. Adding variable renewable generation such as wind and solar power affects the operation of the other types of power plants, and adding high penetrations can induce cycling of fossil-fueled generators. Cycling leads to wear-and-tear costs and changes in emissions, but do those increases in costs and emissions from cycling negate the overall benefits of integrating renewables?

166

OAHU Wind Integration And Transmission Study: Summary Report, NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

OAHU WIND INTEGRATION OAHU WIND INTEGRATION AND TRANSMISSION STUDY: SUMMARY REPORT NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. NOTICE This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government. Neither the United States government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name,

167

OAHU Wind Integration And Transmission Study: Summary Report, NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

OAHU WIND INTEGRATION OAHU WIND INTEGRATION AND TRANSMISSION STUDY: SUMMARY REPORT NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. NOTICE This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government. Neither the United States government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name,

168

Renewable Resource Integration Project - Scoping Study of Strategic Transmission, Operations, and Reliability Issues  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Options on Renewables Integration ..28Issues and Action Items for Renewables Integration.additionalenergyfromrenewableswillbe neededtomeet

Budhraja, Vikram

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Africa Infrastructure Country Diagnostic Documents: ARCGIS Shape...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Shape File, all Countries Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Africa Infrastructure Country Diagnostic Documents: ARCGIS Shape File, all Countries Agency...

170

Africa Infrastructure Country Diagnostic Documents: Interactive...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

MAP in PDF, all Countries Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Africa Infrastructure Country Diagnostic Documents: Interactive MAP in PDF, all Countries...

171

SECURITY ANALYSIS OF PROPOSEDTRAVELTO SENSITIVE COUNTRIES | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

SECURITY ANALYSIS OF PROPOSEDTRAVELTO SENSITIVE COUNTRIES SECURITY ANALYSIS OF PROPOSEDTRAVELTO SENSITIVE COUNTRIES Form is used to document travel to sensitive countries. SECURITY...

172

Microalgal biomethane production integrated with an existing biogas plant: A case study in Sweden  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Microalgae are considered as potential sources for biodiesel production due to the higher growth rate than terrestrial plants. However, the large-scale application of algal biodiesel would be limited by the downstream cost of lipid extraction and the availability of water, CO2 and nutrients. A possible solution is to integrate algae cultivation with existing biogas plant, where algae can be cultivated using the discharges of CO2 and digestate as nutrient input, and then the attained biomass can be converted directly to biomethane by existing infrastructures. This integrated system is investigated and evaluated in this study. Algae are cultivated in a photobioreactor in a greenhouse, and two cultivation options (greenhouse with and without heating) are included. Life cycle assessment of the system was conducted, showing that algal biomethane production without greenhouse heating would have a net energy ratio of 1.54, which is slightly lower than that (1.78) of biomethane from ley crop. However, land requirement of the latter is approximately 68 times that of the former, because the area productivity of algae could reach at about 400t/ha (dry basis) in half a year, while the annual productivity of ley crop is only about 5.8t/ha. For the case of Vxtkraft biogas plant in Vsters, Sweden, the integrated system has the potential to increase the annual biomethane output by 9.4%. This new process is very simple, which might have potential for scale-up and commercial application of algal bioenergy.

Xiaoqiang Wang; Eva Nordlander; Eva Thorin; Jinyue Yan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Country 8+1+Area Code 8+011+Country  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Country 8+1+Area Code 8+011+Country Code Per Minute Rate Afghanistan * 93 $0.6800 Albania * 355 $0 (Mobile Termination) * 267 $0.3800 Brazil * 55 $0.3000 Brazil (Mobile Termination) * 55 $0.3000 #12.1683 Colombia (Mobile Termination - 3) * 57 $0.3000 Comoros * 269 $0.5400 Comoros (Mobile Termination - 3, 9

174

Regional Power Sector Integration: Lessons from Global Case Studies and a  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Regional Power Sector Integration: Lessons from Global Case Studies and a Regional Power Sector Integration: Lessons from Global Case Studies and a Literature Review Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Regional Power Sector Integration: Lessons from Global Case Studies and a Literature Review Agency/Company /Organization: Energy Sector Management Assistance Program of the World Bank Sector: Energy Focus Area: Conventional Energy Topics: Implementation, Market analysis, Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis Resource Type: Lessons learned/best practices Website: www.esmap.org/esmap/sites/esmap.org/files/REISP-Lessons_BN004-10.pdf UN Region: South-Eastern Asia, "Latin America and Caribbean" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property., Northern America, "Sub-Saharan Africa" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property., "Western & Eastern Europe" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property.

175

Solar Reserve Methodology for Renewable Energy Integration Studies Based on Sub-Hourly Variability Analysis: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

Increasing penetrations of wind a solar energy are raising concerns among electric system operators because of the variability and uncertainty associated with power sources. Previous work focused on the quantification of reserves for systems with wind power. This paper presents a new methodology that allows the determination of necessary reserves for high penetrations of photovoltaic (PV) power and compares it to the wind-based methodology. The solar reserve methodology is applied to Phase 2 of the Western Wind and Solar Integration Study. A summary of the results is included.

Ibanez, E.; Brinkman, G.; Hummon, M.; Lew, D.

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Operation of Concentrating Solar Power Plants in the Western Wind and Solar Integration Phase 2 Study  

SciTech Connect

The Western Wind and Solar Integration Study (WWSIS) explores various aspects of the challenges and impacts of integrating large amounts of wind and solar energy into the electric power system of the West. The phase 2 study (WWSIS-2) is one of the first to include dispatchable concentrating solar power (CSP) with thermal energy storage (TES) in multiple scenarios of renewable penetration and mix. As a result, it provides unique insights into CSP plant operation, grid benefits, and how CSP operation and configuration may need to change under scenarios of increased renewable penetration. Examination of the WWSIS-2 results indicates that in all scenarios, CSP plants with TES provides firm system capacity, reducing the net demand and the need for conventional thermal capacity. The plants also reduced demand during periods of short-duration, high ramping requirements that often require use of lower efficiency peaking units. Changes in CSP operation are driven largely by the presence of other solar generation, particularly PV. Use of storage by the CSP plants increases in the higher solar scenarios, with operation of the plant often shifted to later in the day. CSP operation also becomes more variable, including more frequent starts. Finally, CSP output is often very low during the day in scenarios with significant PV, which helps decrease overall renewable curtailment (over-generation). However, the configuration studied is likely not optimal for High Solar Scenario implying further analysis of CSP plant configuration is needed to understand its role in enabling high renewable scenarios in the Western United States.

Denholm, P.; Brinkman, G.; Lew, D.; Hummon, M.

2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

NV Energy Large-Scale Photovoltaic Integration Study: Intra-Hour Dispatch and AGC Simulation  

SciTech Connect

The uncertainty and variability with photovoltaic (PV) generation make it very challenging to balance power system generation and load, especially under high penetration cases. Higher reserve requirements and more cycling of conventional generators are generally anticipated for large-scale PV integration. However, whether the existing generation fleet is flexible enough to handle the variations and how well the system can maintain its control performance are difficult to predict. The goal of this project is to develop a software program that can perform intra-hour dispatch and automatic generation control (AGC) simulation, by which the balancing operations of a system can be simulated to answer the questions posed above. The simulator, named Electric System Intra-Hour Operation Simulator (ESIOS), uses the NV Energy southern system as a study case, and models the systems generator configurations, AGC functions, and operator actions to balance system generation and load. Actual dispatch of AGC generators and control performance under various PV penetration levels can be predicted by running ESIOS. With data about the load, generation, and generator characteristics, ESIOS can perform similar simulations and assess variable generation integration impacts for other systems as well. This report describes the design of the simulator and presents the study results showing the PV impacts on NV Energy real-time operations.

Lu, Shuai; Etingov, Pavel V.; Meng, Da; Guo, Xinxin; Jin, Chunlian; Samaan, Nader A.

2013-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

178

Comparison of Construction Manager at Risk and Integrated Project Delivery Performance on Healthcare Projects: A Comparative Case Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Comparison of Construction Manager at Risk and Integrated Project Delivery Performance on Healthcare Projects: A Comparative Case Study XXX, XXX, XXX, and XXX XXX XXXX XXXX XXX, XXXX#7;#7; This study provides information and a basic overview..., Integrated Project Delivery, Contracts #7;#7;Introduction For most of the 20th century, construction projects were primarily completed under the Design-Bid-Build (DBB) delivery method. As the building industry and global competition has increased, a demand...

Bilbo, David; Bigelow, Ben F.; Escamilla, Edelmiro; Lockwood, Christa

2014-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

179

Mercury and the Gold Country Angler Survey  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

#12;#12;Mercury and the Gold Rush #12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;Gold Country Angler Survey A Pilot Study to Assess Mercury Exposure from Sport Fish Consumption in the Sierra Nevada Carrie Monohan, Ph.D. #12;Mercury and the Gold Rush Deer Creek 1908 Greenhorn Creek 2011 Mercury was used during

180

An Integrated Geophysical Study Of The Northern Kenya Rift | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya Rift Kenya Rift Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: An Integrated Geophysical Study Of The Northern Kenya Rift Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: The Kenyan part of the East African rift is among the most studied rift zones in the world. It is characterized by: (1) a classic rift valley, (2) sheer escarpments along the faulted borders of the rift valley, (3) voluminous volcanics that flowed from faults and fissures along the rift, and (4) axial and flank volcanoes where magma flow was most intense. In northern Kenya, the rift faults formed in an area where the lithosphere was weakened and stretched by Cretaceous-Paleogene extension, and in central and southern Kenya, it formed along old zones of weakness at the

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "integration study country" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

EPA-Integrated Environmental Strategies | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

EPA-Integrated Environmental Strategies EPA-Integrated Environmental Strategies (Redirected from India-EPA Integrated Environmental Strategy) Jump to: navigation, search Name EPA-Integrated Environmental Strategies Agency/Company /Organization United States Environmental Protection Agency Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Transportation Topics Background analysis, Co-benefits assessment, - Environmental and Biodiversity, - Health, - Macroeconomic, Implementation, Pathways analysis, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type Case studies/examples, Lessons learned/best practices Website http://www.epa.gov/ Program Start 1998 Country Argentina, Brazil, Chile, China, India, Mexico, Philippines, South Korea South America, South America, South America, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, Central America, South-Eastern Asia, Eastern Asia

182

EPA-Integrated Environmental Strategies | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

EPA-Integrated Environmental Strategies EPA-Integrated Environmental Strategies Jump to: navigation, search Name EPA-Integrated Environmental Strategies Agency/Company /Organization United States Environmental Protection Agency Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Transportation Topics Background analysis, Co-benefits assessment, - Environmental and Biodiversity, - Health, - Macroeconomic, Implementation, Pathways analysis, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type Case studies/examples, Lessons learned/best practices Website http://www.epa.gov/ Program Start 1998 Country Argentina, Brazil, Chile, China, India, Mexico, Philippines, South Korea South America, South America, South America, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, Central America, South-Eastern Asia, Eastern Asia References EPA-Integrated Environmental Strategies[1]

183

EPA-Integrated Environmental Strategies | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

EPA-Integrated Environmental Strategies EPA-Integrated Environmental Strategies (Redirected from Chile-EPA Integrated Environmental Strategies Program) Jump to: navigation, search Name EPA-Integrated Environmental Strategies Agency/Company /Organization United States Environmental Protection Agency Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Transportation Topics Background analysis, Co-benefits assessment, - Environmental and Biodiversity, - Health, - Macroeconomic, Implementation, Pathways analysis, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type Case studies/examples, Lessons learned/best practices Website http://www.epa.gov/ Program Start 1998 Country Argentina, Brazil, Chile, China, India, Mexico, Philippines, South Korea South America, South America, South America, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, Central America, South-Eastern Asia, Eastern Asia

184

EPA-Integrated Environmental Strategies | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

EPA-Integrated Environmental Strategies EPA-Integrated Environmental Strategies (Redirected from Mexico-EPA Integrated Environmental Strategy) Jump to: navigation, search Name EPA-Integrated Environmental Strategies Agency/Company /Organization United States Environmental Protection Agency Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Transportation Topics Background analysis, Co-benefits assessment, - Environmental and Biodiversity, - Health, - Macroeconomic, Implementation, Pathways analysis, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type Case studies/examples, Lessons learned/best practices Website http://www.epa.gov/ Program Start 1998 Country Argentina, Brazil, Chile, China, India, Mexico, Philippines, South Korea South America, South America, South America, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, Central America, South-Eastern Asia, Eastern Asia

185

EPA-Integrated Environmental Strategies | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

EPA-Integrated Environmental Strategies EPA-Integrated Environmental Strategies (Redirected from Philippines-EPA Integrated Environmental Strategy) Jump to: navigation, search Name EPA-Integrated Environmental Strategies Agency/Company /Organization United States Environmental Protection Agency Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Transportation Topics Background analysis, Co-benefits assessment, - Environmental and Biodiversity, - Health, - Macroeconomic, Implementation, Pathways analysis, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type Case studies/examples, Lessons learned/best practices Website http://www.epa.gov/ Program Start 1998 Country Argentina, Brazil, Chile, China, India, Mexico, Philippines, South Korea South America, South America, South America, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, Central America, South-Eastern Asia, Eastern Asia

186

Using Fuzzy Integral Approach to Enhance Site Selection Assessment A Case Study of the Optoelectronics Industry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The policies deployed by the government in Taiwan determine dramatically affect the development of a sector. In the past three decades, the high-tech industry has contributed to the prosperity of the economy for Taiwan. The focus of potential sectors includes green energy, optoelectronics, biotechnology industry, and agricultural science and technology industries. This study is to develop an enhanced assessment approach to evaluate candidate sites for building an optoelectronics factory. Traditionally, the assessment approach was conducted by ignoring the multiplicative effects of explored selection criteria in the real world. In order to resolve the above inadequacy on site selection assessment, fuzzy integral method (FIM) and consistent fuzzy preference relations (CFPR) were integrated to the proposed assessment approach to enhance the site selection assessment. Two optoelectronics sites were evaluated by employing the proposed assessment approach. The results through implementing the proposed approach not only could benefit decision makers to facilitate the site selection but also be more effective in real operations than tradition additive aggregate method. The results of the sensitivity analysis on FIM results were also more effective to plan the improvement strategies for the targeted site.

Yao-Chen Kuo; Shih-Tong Lu; Gwo-Hshiung Tzeng; Ying-Chieh Lin; Yu-Shyang Huang

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Photovoltaics Manufacturing in Developing Countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The need for energy sources in the developing countries might be partially satisfied by using photovoltaic power systems in addition to conventional means. A review of photovoltaic manufacturing in developing ...

G. Darkazalli; S. Hogan

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Mass Market Demand Response and Variable Generation Integration Issues: A Scoping Study  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

63E 63E Mass Market Demand Response and Variable Generation Integration Issues: A Scoping Study Peter Cappers, Andrew Mills, Charles Goldman, Ryan Wiser, Joseph H. Eto Environmental Energy Technologies Division October 2011 The work described in this report was funded by the Permitting, Siting and Analysis Division of the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability under Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Contract No. DE-AC02- 05CH11231. ERNEST ORLANDO LAWRENCE BERKELEY NATIONAL LABORATORY Disclaimer This document was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the United States Government. While this document is believed to contain correct information, neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor The Regents of the

189

Western Wind and Solar Integration Study: Executive Summary, (WWSIS) May 2010  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

PREPARED FOR: PREPARED FOR: The National Renewable Energy Laboratory A national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy PREPARED BY: GE Energy MAY 2010 WESTERN WIND AND SOLAR INTEGRATION STUDY: EXECUTIVE SUMMARY NOTICE This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government. Neither the United States government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name,

190

An Integrated Geophysical Study Of The Geothermal Field Of Tule Chek, Bc,  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tule Chek, Bc, Tule Chek, Bc, Mexico Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: An Integrated Geophysical Study Of The Geothermal Field Of Tule Chek, Bc, Mexico Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: A method is described to determine bounds characterizing axisymmetric bodies from a set of gravity data. Bounds on the density contrast as a function of depth to the top and thickness of the anomalous source are obtained by using Parker's ideal body theory and linear programming algorithms. Such bounds are given in terms of trade-off diagrams, where regions of feasible solutions compatible with the observed data can be assured. Gravity data from the Tule Chek, B.C., Mexico, geothermal area were used to compute such trade-off diagrams. Seismic

191

Effects of Solvent on Polymer Chain Dimensions: A Born-Green-Yvon Integral Equation Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The equilibrium properties of a tangent-hard-sphere polymer chain in a hard sphere monomer solvent are studied using a Born-Green-Yvon integral equation in conjunction with a two-site solvation potential. The solvation potential is constructed using low density results for a hard-sphere trimer in a hard sphere solvent. The BGY equation has been solved for polymers of lengths up to 100 for a range of solvent densities and solvent diameters. The theory accurately describes the compression of the average polymer dimensions with increasing solvent density. The theory also accurately describes the variation in this compression as a function of the solvent diameter, predicting a maximum effect when the solvent diameter is two to three times larger than the polymer site diameter. Scaling exponents relating the polymer dimensions to chain length and solvent density are also obtained.

Mark P. Taylor; J. E. G. Lipson

1997-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

192

Analysis and Synthesis of Load Forecasting Data for Renewable Integration Studies: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

As renewable energy constitutes greater portions of the generation fleet, the importance of modeling uncertainty as part of integration studies also increases. In pursuit of optimal system operations, it is important to capture not only the definitive behavior of power plants, but also the risks associated with systemwide interactions. This research examines the dependence of load forecast errors on external predictor variables such as temperature, day type, and time of day. The analysis was utilized to create statistically relevant instances of sequential load forecasts with only a time series of historic, measured load available. The creation of such load forecasts relies on Bayesian techniques for informing and updating the model, thus providing a basis for networked and adaptive load forecast models in future operational applications.

Steckler, N.; Florita, A.; Zhang, J.; Hodge, B. M.

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Integrating NRDA and CERCLA environmental evaluations at the Rocky Flats Plant: A case study  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this paper is to briefly review cleanup regulations in reference to natural resource liability, protection, and restoration; to present a case study on the Rocky Flats Plant (RFP) showing how this DOE facility is approaching the task of integrating the ecological assessment/impact portion of three major regulatory mandates: Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA), Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA), and the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) with the Natural Resource Damage Assessment (NRDA) regulations using a flow chart depicting RCRA/CERCLA interim and final actions; to present what has and has not worked at the RFP; and, finally to suggest some technical strategies when planning for remediation and restoration in the NRD process that should be considered.

Knudsen, T.L.

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Integrating NRDA and CERCLA environmental evaluations at the Rocky Flats Plant: A case study  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this paper is to briefly review cleanup regulations in reference to natural resource liability, protection, and restoration; to present a case study on the Rocky Flats Plant (RFP) showing how this DOE facility is approaching the task of integrating the ecological assessment/impact portion of three major regulatory mandates: Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA), Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA), and the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) with the Natural Resource Damage Assessment (NRDA) regulations using a flow chart depicting RCRA/CERCLA interim and final actions; to present what has and has not worked at the RFP; and, finally to suggest some technical strategies when planning for remediation and restoration in the NRD process that should be considered.

Knudsen, T.L.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Kinetic energy of protons in ice Ih and water: A path integral study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The kinetic energy of H and O nuclei has been studied by path integral molecular-dynamics simulations of ice Ih and water at ambient pressure. The simulations were performed by using the q-TIP4P/F model, a point-charge empirical potential that includes molecular flexibility and anharmonicity in the OH stretch of the water molecule. Ice Ih was studied in a temperature range between 210 and 290 K, and water between 230 and 320 K. Simulations of an isolated water molecule were performed in the range 210320 K to estimate the contribution of the intramolecular vibrational modes to the kinetic energy. Our results for the proton kinetic energy KH in water and ice Ih show both agreement and discrepancies with different published data based on deep inelastic neutron-scattering experiments. Agreement is found for water at the experimental melting point and in the range 290300 K. Discrepancies arise because data derived from the scattering experiments predict in water two maxima of KH around 270 and 277 K, and that KH is lower in ice than in water at 269 K. As a check of the validity of the employed water potential, we show that our simulations are consistent with other experimental thermodynamic properties related to KH, such as the temperature dependence of the liquid density, the heat capacity of water and ice at constant pressure, and the isotopic shift in the melting temperature of ice upon isotopic substitution of either H or O atoms. Moreover, the temperature dependence of KH predicted by the q-TIP4P/F model for ice Ih is found to be in good agreement with results of path integral simulations using ab initiodensity-functional theory.

R. Ramrez and C. P. Herrero

2011-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

196

Framework and systematic functional criteria for integrated work processes in complex assets: a case study on integrated planning in offshore oil and gas production industry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Improving the efficiency and cost-effectiveness of the oil and gas (O&G) production process is considered as a critical timely need. The core work processes in particular are targeted for considerable improvements. In this context, development related to integrated planning (IP) is seen as one of the major bases for developing collaborative work processes connecting offshore production and onshore support system. With feasible benefits, for instance, relating to reduction of non-working time, less work repetition, reduction of reduction in production losses, better resource utilisation, etc., a systematic and a complete IP system is today seen as an attractive solution for integrating complex operations and to work smarter. This paper, based on a case study from North Sea oil and gas production environment, describes the systematic functional criteria required as the basis for developing a fully functional IP system.

Yu Bai; Jayantha P. Liyanage

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

"This is how we do it in my country": a study of computer-mediated family communication among kenyan migrants in the united states  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Although computer-mediated family communication remains a longstanding focus of study in Computer Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW), families who face challenges in communication due to differences in technology infrastructures remain understudied. To ... Keywords: connectedness, family, kenya, photosharing, transnational communication

Susan P. Wyche; Rebecca E. Grinter

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Decision Support for Green Supply Chain Operations by Integrating Dynamic Simulation and LCA Indicators: Diaper Case Study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Decision Support for Green Supply Chain Operations by Integrating Dynamic Simulation and LCA Indicators: Diaper Case Study ... Lifecycle assessment (LCA) is widely used to measure the environmental consequences assignable to a product. ... This paper proposes a framework for green supply chain management by integrating a SC dynamic simulation and LCA indicators to evaluate both the economic and environmental impacts of various SC decisions such as inventories, distribution network configuration, and ordering policy. ...

Arief Adhitya; Iskandar Halim; Rajagopalan Srinivasan

2011-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

199

Renewable Energy Projects in Indian Country | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Renewable Energy Projects in Indian Country Renewable Energy Projects in Indian Country Renewable Energy Projects in Indian Country March 5, 2012 - 6:27pm Addthis This event will take place May 21-22, 2012, in Scottsdale, Arizona. At the fifth annual Renewable Energy Projects in Indian Country Conference, tribal leaders and professionals will discuss the significant opportunities for energy development in Indian Country, as well as the barriers that tribes must overcome to bring energy projects to fruition. Discussions will include increasing access to private capital, feasibility studies, and how tribes can create sustainable and environmentally responsible economies for the future generations of Indian Country. Learn more and register on the Native Nation Events website. Addthis Related Articles Obama Administration Announces Additional $63,817,400 for Local Energy

200

Renewable Energy Projects in Indian Country | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Renewable Energy Projects in Indian Country Renewable Energy Projects in Indian Country Renewable Energy Projects in Indian Country May 21, 2012 7:45AM MST to May 22, 2012 12:30PM MST Scottsdale, Arizona At the fifth annual Renewable Energy Projects in Indian Country Conference, tribal leaders and professionals will discuss the significant opportunities for energy development in Indian Country, as well as the barriers that tribes must overcome to bring energy projects to fruition. Discussions will include increasing access to private capital, feasibility studies, and how tribes can create sustainable and environmentally responsible economies for the future generations of Indian Country. DOE Office of Indian Energy Director Tracey LeBeau will give the keynote at the conference entitled: "The Next Generation of Indian Energy and

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "integration study country" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Renewable Energy Projects in Indian Country | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Renewable Energy Projects in Indian Country Renewable Energy Projects in Indian Country Renewable Energy Projects in Indian Country March 5, 2012 - 6:27pm Addthis This event will take place May 21-22, 2012, in Scottsdale, Arizona. At the fifth annual Renewable Energy Projects in Indian Country Conference, tribal leaders and professionals will discuss the significant opportunities for energy development in Indian Country, as well as the barriers that tribes must overcome to bring energy projects to fruition. Discussions will include increasing access to private capital, feasibility studies, and how tribes can create sustainable and environmentally responsible economies for the future generations of Indian Country. Learn more and register on the Native Nation Events website. Addthis Related Articles Obama Administration Announces Additional $63,817,400 for Local Energy

202

Lung cancers attributable to environmental tobacco smoke and air pollution in non-smokers in different European countries: a prospective study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and traffic-related air pollution in a large prospective study in Europe. Information bias can be ruled out due to the prospective design, and we have thoroughly controlled for potential confounders, including restriction to never smokers and long-term ex...

Vineis, Paolo; Hoek, Gerard; Krzyzanowski, Michal; Vigna-Taglianti, Federica; Veglia, Fabrizio; Airoldi, Luisa; Overvad, Kim; Raaschou-Nielsen, Ole; Clavel-Chapelon, Francoise; Linseisen, Jakob; Boeing, Heiner; Trichopoulou, Antonia; Palli, Domenico; Krogh, Vittorio; Tumino, Rosario; Panico, Salvatore; Bueno-de-Mesquita, H Bas; Peeters, Petra H M; Lund, Eiliv; Agudo, Antonio; Martinez, Carmen; Dorronsoro, Miren; Barricarte, Aurelio; Cirera, Lluis; Quiros, Jose R; Berglund, Goran; Manjer, Jonas; Forsberg, Bertil; Day, Nicholas E; Key, Timothy J; Kaaks, Rudolf; Saracci, Rodolfo; Riboli, Elio

2007-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

203

A Case Study of Solar Technologies Adoption: Criteria for BIPV Integration in Sensitive Built Environment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Solar Photovoltaics is one of the core technologies for a paradigm shift of our electric infrastructure towards distributed generation. In 2011 Italy became the first world market; however, Germany has even the primacy of accumulated power. The installed capacity amounted to 10.000 MW according to data of Italian Manager of Energy Services (GSE) against 1.000 MW in 2010 and 3.000 the beginning of 2011. The projections of GSE include the achievement of the 12.000 MW by the end of the year with more than 350.000 running plants. In a nearly mature market, cost related issues and technical difficulties are encountered in particular in the successful integration within a sensitive and consolidated built environment. The research presented aims to investigate the possible results of an effective use of Building Integrated Photovoltaics (BIPV), choosing existing buildings in the city of Bellinzona (Canton Ticino, CH) as case studies. Bellinzona presents similar characteristics to small Northern Italian cities in terms of built environment characteristic and climate conditions. The theoretical framework for the analysis is the one proposed initially for low energy and nearly net zero energy buildings (NZEB). Although this type of analysis has been developed, in particular, for building with high penetration of renewable energy sources generation (up to 100% of the energy consumed), it seems worth investigating the dynamic interaction of building energy demand, on-site generation and grid with similar tools, because of the necessity of achieving low energy demand also in retrofitted existing buildings in a near future.

Francesco Frontini; Massimiliano Manfren; Lavinia Chiara Tagliabue

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Model-driven Service Integration Testing -A Case Study Sebastian Wieczorek and Alin Stefanescu and Andreas Roth  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

; Service- oriented Architecture; Case Study; Service Choreographies I. INTRODUCTION Service-oriented architectures (SOA) provide frameworks and methods to compose single services in order to realize complexModel-driven Service Integration Testing - A Case Study Sebastian Wieczorek and Alin Stefanescu

Southampton, University of

205

Early integration of vowel and pitch processing: A mismatch negativity study Pascale Lidji a,b,c,*, Pierre Jolicoeur a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Early integration of vowel and pitch processing: A mismatch negativity study Pascale Lidji a Keywords: MMN ERPs Pitch Vowel Phoneme Music P3a a b s t r a c t Objective: Several studies have explored of their fundamental components: pitch and phonemes. Here, we examined the additivity of the mismatch negativity (MMN

206

Research plan for integrated ecosystem and pollutant monitoring at remote wilderness study sites  

SciTech Connect

This research plan outlines an approach to the measurement of pollutants and ecosystem parameters at remote, high-elevation, wilderness study sites. A multimedia, systems approach to environmental monitoring is emphasized. The primary purpose of the research is to apply and field test a technical report entitled ''Guidelines for measuring the physical, chemical, and biological condition of wilderness ecosystems.'' This document intended to provide Federal Land Managers with information to establish environmental monitoring programs in wilderness areas. To date, this monitoring document has yet to be evaluated under rigorous field conditions at a remote, high-elevation Rocky Mountain site. For the purpose of field testing approaches to monitoring of pollutants and ecosystems in remote, wilderness areas, evaluation criteria were developed. These include useability, cost-effectiveness, data variability, alternative approaches, ecosystems conceptual approach, and quality assurance. Both the Forest Service and INEL environmental monitoring techniques will be evaluated with these criteria. Another objective of this research plan is to obtain an integrated data base on pollutants and ecosystem structure and function at a remote study site. The methods tested in this project will be used to acquire these data from a systems approach. This includes multimedia monitoring of air and water quality, soils, and forest, stream, and lake ecosystems. 71 refs., 1 fig., 9 tabs.

Bruns, D.A.; Wiersma, G.B.

1988-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Integration of microfluidics and FT-IR microscopy for label-free study of enzyme kinetics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this article we report on the integration of microfluidics with FT-IR microscopy for the label-free study of enzyme kinetics. The IR compatible microfluidic chip was fabricated by standard photolithography processes using a photopatternable PDMS and infrared transparent materials (Si and CaF2). Chip characterization was performed with an imaging focal plane array (FPA) detector. The enzymatic oxidation of glucose catalyzed by glucose oxidase, which served as a model system, was monitored on-chip in real time in a label-free manner using FT-IR microscopy. The reference FT-IR measurements were carried out using the attenuated total reflection (ATR) accessory. MichaelisMenten parameters for glucose-oxidase were estimated from the spectral measurements both on-chip and off-chip. The proposed microfluidic approach for enzyme reaction monitoring serves as a novel strategy for FT-IR microscopy allowing for minimal reaction volumes, measurement automation and flexibility in terms of spatial, spectral and temporal data acquisition and offers new opportunities in kinetics studies of various bio(chemical) reactions.

Evgeny Polshin; Bert Verbruggen; Daan Witters; Bert Sels; Dirk De Vos; Bart Nicola; Jeroen Lammertyn

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Gasoline demand in developing Asian countries  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents econometric estimates of motor gasoline demand in eleven developing countries of Asia. The price and GDP per capita elasticities are estimated for each country separately, and for several pooled combinations of the countries. The estimated elasticities for the Asian countries are compared with those of the OECD countries. Generally, one finds that the OECD countries have GDP elasticities that are smaller, and price elasticities that are larger (in absolute value). The price elasticities for the low-income Asian countries are more inelastic than for the middle-income Asian countries, and the GDP elasticities are generally more elastic. 13 refs., 6 tabs.

McRae, R. [Univ. of Calgary, Alberta (Canada)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

209

Wind energy integration into future energy systems based on conventional plants The case study of Croatia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Croatian energy system is currently highly import-dependent and integration of a high share of renewable energy sources needs to be considered. This paper studies eight scenarios; three proposed by the Croatian Energy Strategy, one proposed by the Indicative medium-term development plan of Croatias Transmission System Operator, and four alternative scenarios that propose extensive construction of hydro, wind and solar power plants in Croatia. Calculations have been conducted in the EnergyPLAN model based on modeled long term energy demand projections in the NeD model, with 2009 as the base year and a scope ranging until the year 2030. Each of the eight proposed scenarios is observed through different hydrological conditions while analyzing import dependency, economic costs and CO2 emissions. After the initial calculations, additional analysis of intensive wind power penetration has been conducted. The Results show that energy systems with a larger share of conventional and nonflexible power plants have more difficulty adjusting to wind power plants production. In case of a high share penetration of wind in a system based upon such power plants, the feasibility of investing in new large combustion plants that will spend most of the time working on minimum capacity is brought into question.

Tin Cerovac; Boris ?osi?; Tomislav Pukec; Neven Dui?

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Integrated reservoir study of the 8 reservoir of the Green Canyon 18 field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The move into deeper waters in the Gulf of Mexico has produced new opportunities for petroleum production, but it also has produced new challenges as different reservoir problems are encountered. This integrated reservoir characterization effort has...

Aniekwena, Anthony Udegbunam

2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

211

Integration of Green Energy into Power Distribution Systems: Study of Impacts and Development of Control Methodology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Distributed generation (DG) is gaining popularity as it has a positive environmental impact and the capability to reduce high transmission costs and power losses. Although the integration of renewable energy-base...

N. K. Roy; H. R. Pota

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Study on integrated automation system of traction substation for express railway lines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The structure and function of integrated automation system of traction substation for express electric railway lines developed by our university are discussed in this paper. The paper mainly describes the function installation of monitoring and communication ...

Gao Shibin; Chen Xiaochuan; Wang Qian; Wang Ren; Chen Weirong; Xiong Liebin

2002-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Validated Feasibility Study of Integrally Stiffened Metallic Fuselage Panels for Reducing Manufacturing Costs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The continual need to reduce airframe cost and the emergence of high speed machining and other manufacturing technologies has brought about a renewed interest in large-scale integral structures for aircraft applications. Applications have been inhibited, ...

Pettit R. G.; Wang J. J.; Toh C.

2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Application of STPA to the integration of multiple control systems : a case study and new approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new approach for analyzing multiple control systems within the STPA framework has been developed and demonstrated. The new approach meets the growing need of system engineers to analyze integrated control systems, that ...

Placke, Matthew Seth

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Mass Market Demand Response and Variable Generation Integration Issues: A Scoping Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is the Scam of the Century. Gerson Lehrman Group. BPA (2009)2010 BPA Rate Case Wholesale Power Rate Initial Proposal:2009. 172 pages. WP-10-E-BPA-08. CAISO (2007) Integration of

Cappers, Peter

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Western Wind and Solar Integration Study Phase 3 -- Frequency Response and Transient Stability (Report and Executive Summary)  

SciTech Connect

The primary objectives of Phase 3 of the Western Wind and Solar Integration Study (WWSIS-3) were to examine the large-scale transient stability and frequency response of the Western Interconnection with high wind and solar penetration, and to identify means to mitigate any adverse performance impacts via transmission reinforcements, storage, advanced control capabilities, or other alternatives.

Miller, N. W.; Shao, M.; Pajic, S.; D'Aquila, R.

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Downscaling Solar Power Output to 4-Seconds for Use in Integration Studies: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

High penetration renewable integration studies require solar power data with high spatial and temporal accuracy to quantify the impact of high frequency solar power ramps on the operation of the system. Our previous work concentrated on downscaling solar power from one hour to one minute by simulation. This method used clearness classifications to categorize temporal and spatial variability, and iterative methods to simulate intra-hour clearness variability. We determined that solar power ramp correlations between sites decrease with distance and the duration of the ramp, starting at around 0.6 for 30-minute ramps between sites that are less than 20 km apart. The sub-hour irradiance algorithm we developed has a noise floor that causes the correlations to approach ~0.005. Below one minute, the majority of the correlations of solar power ramps between sites less than 20 km apart are zero, and thus a new method to simulate intra-minute variability is needed. These intra-minute solar power ramps can be simulated using several methods, three of which we evaluate: a cubic spline fit to the one-minute solar power data; projection of the power spectral density toward the higher frequency domain; and average high frequency power spectral density from measured data. Each of these methods either under- or over-estimates the variability of intra-minute solar power ramps. We show that an optimized weighted linear sum of methods, dependent on the classification of temporal variability of the segment of one-minute solar power data, yields time series and ramp distributions similar to measured high-resolution solar irradiance data.

Hummon, M.; Weekley, A.; Searight, K.; Clark, K.

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Downscaling Solar Power Output to 4-Seconds for Use in Integration Studies (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

High penetration renewable integration studies require solar power data with high spatial and temporal accuracy to quantify the impact of high frequency solar power ramps on the operation of the system. Our previous work concentrated on downscaling solar power from one hour to one minute by simulation. This method used clearness classifications to categorize temporal and spatial variability, and iterative methods to simulate intra-hour clearness variability. We determined that solar power ramp correlations between sites decrease with distance and the duration of the ramp, starting at around 0.6 for 30-minute ramps between sites that are less than 20 km apart. The sub-hour irradiance algorithm we developed has a noise floor that causes the correlations to approach ~0.005. Below one minute, the majority of the correlations of solar power ramps between sites less than 20 km apart are zero, and thus a new method to simulate intra-minute variability is needed. These intra-minute solar power ramps can be simulated using several methods, three of which we evaluate: a cubic spline fit to the one-minute solar power data; projection of the power spectral density toward the higher frequency domain; and average high frequency power spectral density from measured data. Each of these methods either under- or over-estimates the variability of intra-minute solar power ramps. We show that an optimized weighted linear sum of methods, dependent on the classification of temporal variability of the segment of one-minute solar power data, yields time series and ramp distributions similar to measured high-resolution solar irradiance data.

Hummon, M.; Weekley, A.; Searight, K.; Clark, K.

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Enabling a Transition to Low Carbon Economies in Developing Countries:  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Enabling a Transition to Low Carbon Economies in Developing Countries: Enabling a Transition to Low Carbon Economies in Developing Countries: Bangladesh Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Enabling a Transition to Low Carbon Economies in Developing Countries: Bangladesh Agency/Company /Organization: Imperial College-London Sector: Energy, Climate Focus Area: Energy Efficiency, Biomass, - Waste to Energy, - Anaerobic Digestion, Solar, - Concentrating Solar Power, - Solar PV, Wind Topics: GHG inventory, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs, Resource assessment, Pathways analysis, Background analysis Resource Type: Publications, Case studies/examples Website: workspace.imperial.ac.uk/energyfutureslab/Public/2010-03-17-Bangladesh Country: Bangladesh Southern Asia Enabling a Transition to Low Carbon Economies in Developing Countries: Bangladesh Screenshot

220

Integrated Study of MFRSR-derived Parameters of Atmospheric Aerosols and Trace Gases Over the ARM CART Site Extended Facili...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Integrated Study of MFRSR-Derived Parameters of Integrated Study of MFRSR-Derived Parameters of Atmospheric Aerosols and Trace Gases Over the ARM CART Site Extended Facilities - Comparison with Satellite and Other Ground-Based Measurements M. D. Alexandrov and B. Cairns Columbia University National Aeronautics and Space Administration Goddard Institute for Space Studies New York, New York A. A. Lacis and B. E. Carlson National Aeronautics and Space Administration Goddard Institute for Space Studies New York, New York Comparison of SGP MFRSR Network Aerosol Retrievals with MODIS Aerosol Product The network of Multi-filter Rotating Shadowband Radiometers (MFRSRs) at the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program Cloud and Radiation Testbed (CART) site consists of 21 instrument sites

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "integration study country" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Study of integrated metal hydrides heat pump and cascade utilization of liquefied natural gas cold energy recovery system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The traditional cold energy utilization of the liquefied natural gas system needs a higher temperature heat source to improve exergy efficiency, which barricades the application of the common low quality thermal energy. The adoption of a metal hydride heat pump system powered by low quality energy could provide the necessary high temperature heat and reduce the overall energy consumption. Thus, an LNG cold energy recovery system integrating metal hydride heat pump was proposed, and the exergy analysis method was applied to study the case. The performance of the proposed integration system was evaluated. Moreover, some key factors were also theoretically investigated about their influences on the system performance. According to the results of the analysis, some optimization directions of the integrated system were also pointed out.

Xiangyu Meng; Feifei Bai; Fusheng Yang; Zewei Bao; Zaoxiao Zhang

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Feasibility Studies to Improve Plant Availability and Reduce Total Installed Cost in Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle Plants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Feasibility Studies to Improve Plant Feasibility Studies to Improve Plant Availability and Reduce Total Installed Cost in Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle Plants Background Gasification provides the means to turn coal and other carbonaceous solid, liquid and gaseous feedstocks as diverse as refinery residues, biomass, and black liquor into synthesis gas and valuable byproducts that can be used to produce low-emissions power, clean-burning fuels and a wide range of commercial products to support

223

TRISO Fuel Performance: Modeling, Integration into Mainstream Design Studies, and Application to a Thorium-fueled Fusion-Fission Hybrid Blanket.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study focused on creating a new tristructural isotropic (TRISO) coated particle fuel performance model and demonstrating the integration of this model into an existing (more)

Powers, Jeffrey

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Energy Efficient Residential Building Code for Arab Countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of building envelope and weather data in reducing electrical energy consumption. The impacts of the following parameters were studied namely; walls and roof constructions, window size and glazing type for different geographical locations in the Arab Countries...

Hanna, G. B.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Indonesia: Asia-Pacific energy series, country report  

SciTech Connect

As part of our continuing assessment of Asia-Pacific energy markets, the Energy Program has embarked on a series of country studies that discuss in detail the structure of the energy sector in each major country in the region. To date, our reports to the US Department of Energy have covered Australia, China, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, and Thailand. The country studies also provide the reader with an overview of the economic and political situation in the various countries. We have particularly highlighted petroleum and gas issues in the country studies and have attempted to show the foreign trade implications of oil and gas trade. Finally, to the greatest extent possible, we have provided the latest available statistics -- often from unpublished and disparate sources that are unavailable to most readers. Staff members have traveled extensively in -- and at times have lived in -- the countries under review and have held discussions with senior policymakers in government and industry. Thus, these reports provide not only information but also the latest thinking on energy issues in the various countries. This report covers Indonesia. 37 refs., 36 figs., 64 tabs.

Prawiraatmadja, W.; Yamaguchi, N.; Breazeale, K.; Basari, S.R.

1991-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Pakistan: Asia-Pacific energy series, country report  

SciTech Connect

As part of our continuing assessment of Asia-Pacific energy markets, the Energy Program has embarked on a series of country studies that discuss in detail the structure of the energy sector in each major country in the region. The country studies also provide the reader with an overview of the economic and political situation in the various countries. We have particularly highlighted petroleum and gas issues in the country studies and have attempted to show the foreign trade implications of oil and gas trade. Finally, to the greatest extent possible, we have provided the latest available statistics -- often from unpublished and disparate sources that are unavailable to most readers. Staff members have traveled extensively in -- and at times have lived in -- the countries under review and have held discussions with senior policymakers in government and industry. Thus, these reports provide not only information but also the latest thinking on energy issues in the various countries. This report summarizes the energy and economic situation in Pakistan.

Gazdar, M.N.

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Assessing Green Jobs Potential in Developing Countries: A Practitioner's  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Assessing Green Jobs Potential in Developing Countries: A Practitioner's Assessing Green Jobs Potential in Developing Countries: A Practitioner's Guide Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Assessing Green Jobs Potential in Developing Countries: A Practitioner's Guide Agency/Company /Organization: International Labor Office (ILO) Sector: Energy User Interface: Other Complexity/Ease of Use: Simple Website: www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---dgreports/---dcomm/---publ/documen Cost: Free Related Tools Partnership for Economic Policy Modeling and Policy Impact Analysis (MPIA) Applied Dynamic Analysis of the Global Economy (ADAGE) Model Integrated Global System Modeling Framework ... further results Find Another Tool FIND DEVELOPMENT IMPACTS ASSESSMENT TOOLS A guidebook that provides instructions on estimating the actual and

228

India: Asia-Pacific energy series country report  

SciTech Connect

As part of our continuing assessment of Asia-Pacific energy markets, the Resources Programs of the East-West Center series of country studies that discuss in detail the structure of the energy sector. To date, our reports to the US Department of Energy, Assistant Secretary for International Affairs and Energy Emergencies, have covered Australia, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, New Zealand, Pakistan, the Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, and Thailand. The country studies provide an overview of the economic and political situation in the various countries. We have highlighted petroleum and gas issues in the country studies and have attempted to show the foreign trade implications of oil and gas trade. To the greatest extent possible, we have provided the latest available statistics. Staff members have traveled extensively in-and at times have lived in-the countries under review and have held discussions with senior policymakers in government and industry. Thus, these reports provide not only information but also the latest thinking on energy issues in the various countries. Over the next few years these country studies can be updated and will provide a continuous, long-term source of energy sector analysis for the Asia-Pacific region. This India Asia-Pacific Energy Series Country Report is the follow-on to a study by Victor Lobo, Energy in India: The Oil Sector, which was published by the East-West Center in December 1989. The study focused on the petroleum industry, particularly refining, infrastructure, marketing and distribution, specifications of products, demand structure and pricing. This current study, must be seen as a supplement to our 1989 study and, as such, does not cover the petroleum sector in depth.

Gazdar, M.N.

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Reflections on the development of health economics in low- and middle-income countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization. 54 Mills...case-study from Thailand. Health Policy 51, 163-180...Creating markets in hospital care: the adoption of developed country health sector reforms by developing countries...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Alternative Energy Development in Indian Country: Lighting the Way for the Seventh Generation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Studies increasingly show that Indian country may be uniquely positioned to develop alternative energy. Indian country in general constitutes a significant portion of land in the United States. In recognition of the increasing interest...

Kronk, Elizabeth Ann

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Study of Gas-steam Combined Cycle Power Plants Integrated with MCFC for Carbon Dioxide Capture  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In the field of fossil-fuel based technologies, natural gas combined cycle (NGCC) power plants are currently the best option for electricity generation, having an efficiency close to 60%. However, they produce significant CO2 emissions, amounting to around 0.4 tonne/MWh for new installations. Among the carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) technologies, the process based on chemical absorption is a well-established technology, but markedly reduces the NGCC performances. On the other side, the integration of molten carbonate fuel cells (MCFCs) is recognized as an attractive option to overcome the main drawbacks of traditional CCS technologies. If the cathode side is fed by NGCC exhaust gases, the MCFC operates as a CO2 concentrator, beside providing an additional generating capacity. In this paper the integration of MCFC into a two pressure levels combined cycle is investigated through an energy analysis. To improve the efficiency of MCFC and its integration within the NGCC, plant configurations based on two different gas recirculation options are analyzed. The first is a traditional recirculation of exhaust gases at the compressor inlet; the second, mainly involving the MCFC stack, is based on recirculating a fraction of anode exhaust gases at the cathode inlet. Effects of MCFC operating conditions on energy and environmental performances of the integrated system are evaluated.

Roberto Carapellucci; Roberto Saia; Lorena Giordano

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

he Center for Integrated Study of the Human Dimensions of Global Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for mitigating its effects · integrated assessment of public health as affected by development, air pollution-policy interactions in India and China · analysis of the interactions of policies to control traditional pollutants and greenhouse gas emissions, e.g., how the electricity sector's response to near-term air pollution requirements

233

Renewable Resource Integration Project - Scoping Study of Strategic Transmission, Operations, and Reliability Issues  

SciTech Connect

California is on a path to increase utilization of renewable resources. California will need to integrate approximately 30,000 megawatts (MW) of new renewable generation in the next 20 years. Renewable resources are typically located in remote locations, not near the load centers. Nearly two/thirds or 20,000 MW of new renewable resources needed are likely to be delivered to Los Angeles Basin transmission gateways. Integration of renewable resources requires interconnection to the power grid, expansion of the transmission system capability between the backbone power grid and transmission gateways, and increase in delivery capacity from transmission gateways to the local load centers. To scope the transmission, operations, and reliability issues for renewables integration, this research focused on the Los Angeles Basin Area transmission gateways where most of new renewables are likely. Necessary actions for successful renewables integration include: (1) Expand Los Angeles Basin Area transmission gateway and nomogram limits by 10,000 to 20,000 MW; (2) Upgrade local transmission network for deliverability to load centers; (3) Secure additional storage, demand management, automatic load control, dynamic pricing, and other resources that meet regulation and ramping needed in real time operations; (4) Enhance local voltage support; and (5) Expand deliverability from Los Angeles to San Diego and Northern California.

Eto, Joseph; Budhraja, Vikram; Ballance, John; Dyer, Jim; Mobasheri, Fred; Eto, Joseph

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Geospatial Toolkits and Resource Maps for Selected Countries from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL)  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

NREL developed the Geospatial Toolkit (GsT), a map-based software application that integrates resource data and geographic information systems (GIS) for integrated resource assessment. A variety of agencies within countries, along with global datasets, provided country-specific data. Originally developed in 2005, the Geospatial Toolkit was completely redesigned and re-released in November 2010 to provide a more modern, easier-to-use interface with considerably faster analytical querying capabilities. Toolkits are available for 21 countries and each one can be downloaded separately. The source code for the toolkit is also available. [Taken and edited from http://www.nrel.gov/international/geospatial_toolkits.html

235

Help:External SPARQL integration | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

External SPARQL integration External SPARQL integration Jump to: navigation, search Integrating with Reegle logo.png OpenEI is engaged in an ongoing linked open data collaboration with Reegle[1]. This page serves to document a few of the initial integration techniques. For the purposes of this demonstration, we'll be working with the country of Brazil. The following SPARQL query was used to detect if a country within OpenEI had a corresponding country profiles: {{#sparql: PREFIX reegle: PREFIX country: PREFIX geonames: SELECT ?countryName ?profile WHERE { SERVICE { country:{{#var:Iso3166Alpha2}} geonames:name ?countryName . country:{{#var:Iso3166Alpha2}} reegle:profile ?profile .

236

EIA - International Energy Outlook 2009-Gas Exporting Countries Forum: What  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Gas Exporting Countries Forum: What Is GECF and What Is Its Objective? Gas Exporting Countries Forum: What Is GECF and What Is Its Objective? International Energy Outlook 2009 Gas Exporting Countries Forum: What Is GECF and What Is Its Objective? The Gas Exporting Countries Forum (GECF) was established in 2001, with the objective of generating “tangible cooperation among gas producing and exporting countries.”a In May 2001, 10 countries attended the first Ministerial Meeting of the GECF in Tehran, Iran,band since then it has held ministerial-level meetings almost every year. The membership has fluctuated from year to year, because the forum has had no formal structure, no membership requirements, and no dues.c Topics discussed under the auspices of the GECF have included the structure of the organization, new regulatory policies in consuming countries, development of a natural gas supply and demand model, and various studies to be conducted for the benefit of the membership.d

237

The Kyoto Protocol and developing countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Under the Kyoto Protocol, the world's wealthier countries assumed binding commitments to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The agreement requires these countries to consider ways to minimize adverse effects on developing ...

Babiker, Mustafa H.M.; Reilly, John M.; Jacoby, Henry D.

238

Non Annex B Countries List  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Non Annex B Countries A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, W, Y, Z A Afghanistan (1949-2007) Albania (1933-2007) Algeria (1900-2007) American Samoa (1954-2007) Angola (1950-2007) Antarctic Fisheries (1970-2007) Antigua & Barbuda (1957-2007) Argentina (1887-2007) Armenia (1992-2007) Aruba (1986-2007) Azerbaijan (1992-2007) B Bahamas (1950-2007) Bahrain (1933-2007) Bangladesh (1972-2007) Barbados (1928-2007) Belarus (1992-2007) Belize (1950-2007) Benin (1958-2007) Bermuda (1950-2007) Bhutan (1970-2007) Bolivia (1928-2007) Bosnia-Herzegovinia (1992-2007) Botswana (1950-2007) Brazil (1901-2007) British Virgin Islands (1957-2007) Brunei (Darussalam) (1930-2007) Burkina Faso (1958-2007) Burundi (1962-2007) C Cambodia (1955-2007) Cameroon (1950-2007)

239

Effective CKD Care in European Countries: Challenges and Opportunities for Health Policy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is an important global public health problem that is associated with adverse health outcomes and high health care costs. Effective and cost-effective treatments are available for slowing the progression of CKD and preventing its complications, including cardiovascular disease. Although wealthy nations have highly structured schemes in place to support the care of people with kidney failure, less consideration has been given to health systems and policy for the much larger population of people with nondialysis-dependent CKD. Further, how to integrate such strategies with national and international initiatives for control of other chronic noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) merits attention. We synthesized the various approaches to CKD control across 17 European countries and present our findings according to the key domains suggested by the World Health Organization framework for NCD control. This report identifies opportunities to strengthen CKD-relevant health systems and explores potential mechanisms to capitalize on these opportunities. Across the 17 countries studied, we found a number of common barriers to the care of people with nondialysis-dependent CKD: limited work force capacity, the nearly complete absence of mechanisms for disease surveillance, lack of a coordinated CKD care strategy, poor integration of CKD care with other NCD control initiatives, and low awareness of the significance of CKD. These common challenges faced by diverse health systems reflect the need for international cooperation to strengthen health systems and policies for CKD care.

Aminu K. Bello; Adeera Levin; Braden J. Manns; John Feehally; Tilman Drueke; Labib Faruque; Brenda R. Hemmelgarn; Charles Kernahan; Johannes Mann; Scott Klarenbach; Giuseppe Remuzzi; Marcello Tonelli

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Mechanical integration studies for the CLIC vertex and inner tracking detectors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Since the publication of the CLIC Conceptual Design Report, work has proceeded in order to establish a preliminary mechanical design for the innermost CLIC detector region. This note proposes a design for the main Carbon-Fibre Reinforced Polymer (CFRP) structural elements of the inner detectors, for the beam pipe and their supports. It also describes an assembly sequence for the integration of the sensors and the mechanical components. Mechanical simulations of different structural elements and a material budget estimation are appended. Details of a proposed cabling layout for all the subdetectors are included.

Villarejo Bermudez, M.A.; Gerwig, H.

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "integration study country" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

How do Wind and Solar Power Affect Grid Operations: The Western Wind and Solar Integration Study; Preprint  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

17 17 September 2009 How do Wind and Solar Power Affect Grid Operations: The Western Wind and Solar Integration Study Preprint D. Lew and M. Milligan National Renewable Energy Laboratory G. Jordan, L. Freeman, N. Miller, K. Clark, and R. Piwko GE To be presented at the 8th International Workshop on Large Scale Integration of Wind Power and on Transmission Networks for Offshore Wind Farms Bremen, Germany October 14-15, 2009 NOTICE The submitted manuscript has been offered by an employee of the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC (ASE), a contractor of the US Government under Contract No. DE-AC36-08-GO28308. Accordingly, the US Government and ASE retain a nonexclusive royalty-free license to publish or reproduce the published form of this contribution, or allow others to do so, for US Government purposes.

242

Integrating CNC technology and the JIT Kanban System: A case study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper describes the implementation and integration of Computer Numerically Controlled (CNC) flexible machining lines and computerised Just-in-Time Kanban system in an Australian company engaged in the manufacture of timber window and door frames. The planning, sourcing, implementation and integration issues are discussed in some detail. A significant factor in the success of the implementation was the attention paid to the human element of the project and the acceptance of change by all staff as a positive and constructive process. Critical to the solution developed was the use of customised software which was written on a commonly used relational database. A careful balance between the technology aspects, commercial and human aspects was absolutely necessary. One of the major reasons for the high return on investment achieved was the simultaneous implementation of the management system with the CNC technology. The benefits obtained from the new production system include the reduction in change over and set-up times from 5-6 hours to about 90 seconds; stockouts or shortages of components totally eliminated; total stockholdings reduced by over 50%; and the quality of finished products improved significantly.

Amrik S. Sohal; Glenn Lewis; Danny Samson

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Terrorism, country attributes, and the volatility of stock returns  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This study investigates the interplay between terrorism and finance, focusing on the stock return volatility of American firms targeted by terrorist attacks. We find terrorism risk is an important factor in explaining the volatility of stock returns, which should be taken into account when modelling volatility. Using a volatility event-study approach and a new bootstrapping technique, we find volatility increases on the day of the attack and remain significant for at least fifteen days following the day of the attack. Cross-sectional analysis of the abnormal volatility indicates that the impact of terrorist attacks differs according to the country characteristics in which the incident occurred. We find that firms operating in wealthier, or more democratic countries, face greater volatility in stock returns relative to firms operating in developing countries. Firm exposure varies with the nature of country location, with country wealth and level of democracy playing an important role in explaining the likelihood of a terrorist attack. Our results show that despite significant terrorist events this past decade, stock markets in developed countries have not taken terrorist risk into sufficient consideration.

Naceur Essaddam; John M. Karagianis

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

OAHU Wind Integration And Transmission Study: Summary Report, NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

This study was composed of several smaller studies done in cooperation with other local entities and experts, all of which are summarized in this report.

245

CCAP Developing Country Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CCAP Developing Country Project CCAP Developing Country Project Jump to: navigation, search Name Developing Country Project Agency/Company /Organization Center for Clean Air Policy Sector Climate, Energy Topics Background analysis, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.ccap.org/ Program Start 2006 Country Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, Mexico South America, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Central America References Developing Country Project[1] Developing Country Project Screenshot Contents 1 Overview 2 Brazil 3 China 4 India 5 Indonesia 6 Mexico 7 References Overview "As the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) moves forward, it is critical that developing countries are ready and able

246

Countries Gasoline Prices Including Taxes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Countries (U.S. dollars per gallon, including taxes) Countries (U.S. dollars per gallon, including taxes) Date Belgium France Germany Italy Netherlands UK US 01/13/14 7.83 7.76 7.90 8.91 8.76 8.11 3.68 01/06/14 8.00 7.78 7.94 8.92 8.74 8.09 3.69 12/30/13 NA NA NA NA NA NA 3.68 12/23/13 NA NA NA NA NA NA 3.63 12/16/13 7.86 7.79 8.05 9.00 8.78 8.08 3.61 12/9/13 7.95 7.81 8.14 8.99 8.80 8.12 3.63 12/2/13 7.91 7.68 8.07 8.85 8.68 8.08 3.64 11/25/13 7.69 7.61 8.07 8.77 8.63 7.97 3.65 11/18/13 7.99 7.54 8.00 8.70 8.57 7.92 3.57 11/11/13 7.63 7.44 7.79 8.63 8.46 7.85 3.55 11/4/13 7.70 7.51 7.98 8.70 8.59 7.86 3.61 10/28/13 8.02 7.74 8.08 8.96 8.79 8.04 3.64 10/21/13 7.91 7.71 8.11 8.94 8.80 8.05 3.70 10/14/13 7.88 7.62 8.05 8.87 8.74 7.97 3.69

247

A new method for the determination of action integrals in the study of galactic dynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Action-angle coordinates are an essential tool for understanding the properties of the six dimensional phase space involved in orbits of stars in galactic potentials. A new method, which does not require specific knowledge of a generating function, is described, implemented and tested that calculates the actions of an orbit in an arbitrary potential of an integrable Hamiltonian given a set of Cartesian phase space points. The method chooses between the simple harmonic oscillator and isochrone potentials to fit the data using a Levenberg-Marquardt routine. An average is taken over the angle coordinates by calculating volumes in phase space using the metric free FiEstAS algorithm. The perfect ellipsoidal potential, with actions chosen a priori, is used to test the output of the algorithm, giving some results that agree within 1%. Minimisation of a sampling error is discussed along with an identification of a source of noise in the data.

Fox, Michael F J

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Oil prices and exchange rates in oil-exporting countries: evidence from TAR and M-TAR models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The paper studies the long-run relation and short-run dynamics between real oil prices and real exchange rates in a sample of 13 oil-exporting countries. The purpose of the study ... countries, we also find that ...

Hassan Mohammadi; Mohammad R. Jahan-Parvar

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Study of integration issues to realize the market potential of OTEC energy in the aluminum industry. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The various integration issues are studied which must be considered to realize the market potential for the use of OTEC by the aluminum industry. The chloride reduction process has been identified as an attractive candidate for use with OTEC systems, and drained-cathode Hall cells and two alternative chloride reduction processes are considered. OTEC power system and plantships for the different processes are described. Aluminum industry characteristics important for OTEC considerations are given, including economic models and case history analyses. Appended are supporting cost estimates and energy bridge concepts for getting OTEC energy to shore. (LEW)

Jones, Jr., M. S.; Thiagarajan, V.; Sathyanarayana, K.; Markel, A. L.; Snyder, III, J. E.; Sprouse, A. M.; Leshaw, D.

1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Energy demand simulation for East European countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The analysis and created statistical models of energy consumption tendencies in the European Union (EU25), including new countries in transition, are presented. The EU15 market economy countries and countries in transition are classified into six clusters by relative indicators of Gross Domestic Product (GDP/P) and energy demand (W/P) per capita. The specified statistical models of energy intensity W/GDP non-linear stochastic tendencies have been discovered with respect to the clusters of classified countries. The new energy demand simulation models have been developed for the demand management in time??territory hierarchy in various scenarios of short-term and long-term perspective on the basis of comparative analysis methodology. The non-linear statistical models were modified to GDP, W/P and electricity (E/P) final consumption long-term forecasts for new associated East European countries and, as an example, for the Baltic Countries, including Lithuania.

Jonas Algirdas Kugelevicius; Algirdas Kuprys; Jonas Kugelevicius

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Modelling Concentrating Solar Power with Thermal Energy Storage for Integration Studies (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

Concentrating solar power with thermal energy storage (CSP-TES) can provide multiple benefits to the grid, including low marginal cost energy and the ability to levelize load, provide operating reserves, and provide firm capacity. It is challenging to properly value the integration of CSP because of the complicated nature of this technology. Unlike completely dispatchable fossil sources, CSP is a limited energy resource, depending on the hourly and daily supply of solar energy. To optimize the use of this limited energy, CSP-TES must be implemented in a production cost model with multiple decision variables for the operation of the CSP-TES plant. We develop and implement a CSP-TES plant in a production cost model that accurately characterizes the three main components of the plant: solar field, storage tank, and power block. We show the effect of various modelling simplifications on the value of CSP, including: scheduled versus optimized dispatch from the storage tank and energy-only operation versus co-optimization with ancillary services.

Hummon, M.; Jorgenson, J.; Denholm, P.; Mehos, M.

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

VISTA (Vertical Integration of Science, Technology, and Applications) user interface software study  

SciTech Connect

The Vertical Integration of Science, Technology, and Applications (VISTA) project is an initiative to employ modern information and communications technology for rapid and effective application of basic research results by end users. Developed by the Pacific Northwest Laboratory, VISTA's purpose is to develop and deploy information systems (software or software/hardware products) to broad segments of various markets. Inherent in these products would be mechanisms for accessing PNL-resident information about the problem. A goal of VISTA is to incorporate existing, commercially available user interface technology into the VISTA UIMS. Commercial systems are generally more complete, reliable, and cost-effective than software developed in-house. The objective of this report is to examine the current state of commercial user interface software and discuss the implications of selections thereof. This report begins by describing the functionality of the user interface as it applies to users and application developers. Next, a reference model is presented defining the various operational software layers of a graphical user interface. The main body follows which examines current user interface technology by sampling a number of commercial systems. Both the window system and user interface toolkit markets are surveyed. A summary of the current technology concludes this report. 15 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab.

Chin, G.

1990-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Study of the impacts of regulations affecting the acceptance of integrated community energy systems. Final report  

SciTech Connect

A detailed description is presented of the laws and programs of the State of North Carolina governing the regulation of public energy utilities, the siting of energy generating and transmission facilities, the municipal franchising of public energy utilities, and the prescription of rates to be charged by utilities including attendant problems of cost allocations, rate base and operating expense determinations, and rate of return allowances. These laws and programs are analyzed to identify impediments which they may present to the implementation of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). This report is one of fifty-one separate volumes which describe such regulatory programs at the Federal level and in each state as background to the report entitled Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities - Volume One: An Overview. This report also contains a summary of a strategy described in Volume One - An Overview for overcoming these impediments by working within the existing regulatory framework and by making changes in the regulatory programs to enhance the likelihood of ICES implementation.

Not Available

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Flicker attenuation and transfer study for induction generator integrated into distribution network  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Squirrel-cage induction generators (IGs) are widely used in distributed generation (DG). When the voltage at the point of common coupling is fluctuant, the embedded IG will show the impedance characteristic with dynamic changes under the different fluctuation frequencies. In addition, the drive train of IG set has great impact on the voltage flicker attenuation. This paper observes the dynamic response of IG to the voltage flicker through the experiments and further defines the flicker attenuation factor and transfer coefficient. A linearization model of IG with two-mass equivalent drive train is constructed through comparing the impacts of different drive trains (such as diesel engine, wind turbine) on the voltage flicker attenuation. Then an analytical method is proposed to determine the dynamic impedance, attenuation factor, transfer coefficient and flicker limit for IG integrated into distribution network. The correctness of the proposed method is verified by the experimental tests and the dynamic simulation using the detailed model of IG set. The parameters sensitivities of drive train and generator to the voltage flicker attenuation effect are analyzed and discussed in the paper.

Qianggang Wang; Niancheng Zhou; Jizhong Zhu; Wei Yan; Shu Pan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Modelling Concentrating Solar Power with Thermal Energy Storage for Integration Studies: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

Concentrating solar power with thermal energy storage (CSP-TES) can provide multiple benefits to the grid, including low marginal cost energy and the ability to levelize load, provide operating reserves, and provide firm capacity. It is challenging to properly value the integration of CSP because of the complicated nature of this technology. Unlike completely dispatchable fossil sources, CSP is a limited energy resource, depending on the hourly and daily supply of solar energy. To optimize the use of this limited energy, CSP-TES must be implemented in a production cost model with multiple decision variables for the operation of the CSP-TES plant. We develop and implement a CSP-TES plant in a production cost model that accurately characterizes the three main components of the plant: solar field, storage tank, and power block. We show the effect of various modelling simplifications on the value of CSP, including: scheduled versus optimized dispatch from the storage tank and energy-only operation versus co-optimization with ancillary services.

Hummon, M.; Denholm, P.; Jorgenson, J.; Mehos, M.

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Approach towards integrated simulation for laser-driven fast ignition studies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An integrated simulation approach fully based upon particle-in-cell (PIC) model is proposed, which involves both fast particle generation via laser solid-density plasma interaction and transport and energy deposition of the particles in extremely high density plasma. It is realized by introducing two independent systems in a simulation, where the fast particle generation is simulated by a full PIC system and the transport and energy deposition computed by a second PIC system with a reduced field solver. Data of the fast particles generated in the full PIC system are copied to the reduced PIC system in real time as the fast particle source. Unlike a two-region approach, which takes a single PIC system and two field solvers in two plasma density regions, respectively, the present one need not match the field-solvers since the reduced field solver and the full solver adopted respectively in the two systems are independent. A simulation case is presented, which demonstrates that this approach can be applied to in...

Wang, W -M; Sheng, Z -M; Li, Y -T

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

An integrated assessment modeling framework for uncertainty studies in global and regional climate change: the MIT IGSM-CAM (version 1.0)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper describes a computationally efficient framework for uncertainty studies in global and regional climate change. In this framework, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Integrated Global System Model ...

Monier, Erwan

258

BIOMASS PRODUCTION FOR ENERGY IN DEVELOPING COUNTRY.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Most developing countries of the world still uses biomass for domestic energy, this is mostly used in the rural areas and using our case (more)

Liu, Xiaolin

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Coveted Lands: Agriculture, Timber, Mining, and Transportation in Cherokee Country Before and After Removal.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Covering a period from approximately 1779 to 1850, this dissertation studies natural resources and land use in Cherokee country before and after forced Cherokee removal (more)

Rozema, Vicki Bell

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Integrated Ecogenomics Study for Bioremediation of Cr(VI) at Hanford 100H Area  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

reducer isolated from the Hanford 100H site capable of Iron(study for bioremediation of Cr(VI) at Hanford 100H area RomyVI)contamination at Hanford ?? Cr(VI) highly soluble, toxic

Chakraborty, Romy

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "integration study country" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Whole-organism integrative expressome for C. elegans enables in silico study of developmental regulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The C. elegans nematode has been extensively studied as a model organism since the 1970s, and is the only organism for which the complete cell division tree and the genome are both available. These two datasets were ...

Hutchison, Luke A. D. (Luke Alexander Daysh), 1976-

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Studies of the thermal circuit of an advanced integrated gasification combined-cycle power plant  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The results obtained from a study of the thermal circuit of a combined-cycle plant with coal gasification are presented, and ... of producer gas and calculated values of the combined-cycle power plant efficiency ...

D. G. Grigoruk; A. V. Turkin

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Integrating biomass, sulphate and sea-salt aerosol responses into a microphysical chemical parcel model: implications for climate studies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...John Schellnhuber Integrating biomass, sulphate and sea-salt aerosol...biomass burning. In Global biomass burning: atmospheric, climatic...particles from African savanna combustion experiments. Atmos. Res...99)00329-5 . Integrating biomass, sulphate and sea-salt aerosol...

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

NV Energy Solar Integration Study: Cycling and Movements of Conventional Generators for Balancing Services  

SciTech Connect

With an increasing penetration level of solar power in the southern Nevada system, the impact of solar on system operations needs to be carefully studied from various perspectives. Qualitatively, it is expected that the balancing requirements to compensate for solar power variability will be larger in magnitude; meanwhile, generators providing load following and regulation services will be moved up or down more frequently. One of the most important tasks is to quantitatively evaluate the cycling and movements of conventional generators with solar power at different penetration levels. This study is focused on developing effective methodologies for this goal and providing a basis for evaluating the wear and tear of the conventional generators

Diao, Ruisheng; Lu, Shuai; Etingov, Pavel V.; Ma, Jian; Makarov, Yuri V.; Guo, Xinxin

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

ISSN 1745-9648 Electrifying Integration: Electricity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ISSN 1745-9648 Electrifying Integration: Electricity Production and the South East Europe Regional: The paper provides an overview of the generation of electricity in ten countries in South East Europe during of the electricity markets in South East Europe is explored. We conduct a cross-country analysis of electricity

Feigon, Brooke

266

Energy and Mineral Development in Indian Country  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Rocky Mountain Mineral Law Foundation is hosting the Special Institute on Energy and Mineral Development in Indian Country. This two-day conference will cover laws, policies, and practices regarding natural resources development in Indian Country and how they've evolved in the recent years.

267

Prospects for the power sector in nine developing countries  

SciTech Connect

Based on information drawn primarily from official planning documents issued by national governments and/or utilities, the authors examined the outlook for the power sector in the year 2000 in nine countries: China, India, Indonesia, Thailand, the Philippines, South Korea, Taiwan, Argentina and Mexico. They found that the implicit rates of average annual growth of installed electric power capacity between 1991 and 2001 range from a low of 3.3% per year in Argentina to a high of 13.2% per year in Indonesia. In absolute terms, China and India account for the vast majority of the growth. The plans call for a shift in the generating mix towards coal in six of the countries, and continued strong reliance on coal in China and India. The use of natural gas is expected to increase substantially in a number of the countries. The historic movement away from oil continues, although some countries are maintaining dual-fuel capabilities. Plans call for considerable growth of nuclear power in South Korea and China and modest increases in India and Taiwan. The feasibility of the official plans varies among the countries. Lack of public capital is leading towards greater reliance on private sector participation in power projects in many of the countries. Environmental issues are becoming a more significant constraint than in the past, particularly in the case of large-scale hydropower projects. The financial and environmental constraints are leading to a rising interest in methods of improving the efficiency of electricity supply and end use. The scale of such activities is growing in most of the study countries.

Meyers, S.; Goldman, N.; Martin, N.; Friedmann, R.

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

An Integrated Study of Avian Influenza Impacts and Associated Climate Change Issues  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The climate change and spread of AI outbreaks study finds that the probability and expected number of AI outbreaks increases as climate change proceeds. Particularly, past climate change has contributed to the current spread of AI disease by 11% and the future...

Mu, Jianhong

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

269

Tropical Africa: Total Forest Biomass (By Country)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tropical Africa: Total Forest Biomass (By Country) Tropical Africa: Total Forest Biomass (By Country) image Brown, S., and G. Gaston. 1996. Tropical Africa: Land Use, Biomass, and Carbon Estimates For 1980. ORNL/CDIAC-92, NDP-055. Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, U.S. Department of Energy, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, U.S.A. More Maps Calculated Actual Aboveground Live Biomass in Forests (1980) Maximum Potential Biomass Density Land Use (1980) Area of Closed Forests (By Country) Mean Biomass of Closed Forests (By County) Area of Open Forests (By Country) Mean Biomass of Open Forests (By County) Percent Forest Cover (By Country) Population Density - 1990 (By Administrative Unit) Population Density - 1980 (By Administrative Unit) Population Density - 1970 (By Administrative Unit)

270

Integration and decision support systems for energy policy management and comparative assessment studies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The paper investigates the problematique of decision support systems within the framework of energy policy management and comparative risk assessment studies. A number of models and associated software tools are presented and discussed with a view to using them for the energy dialogue process. Special aspects on energy indicators, and their role in sustainable development of energy systems are investigated. Recommendations include the use of such analytical tools as DSS etc. in the overall decision aiding process for energy mix selection.

Adrian V. Gheorghe

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Sandia National Laboratories: Transmission Grid Integration  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

output profiles and forecasts to support solar integration studies. Tagged with: Energy * Grid Integration * photovoltaic * Photovoltaics * PV * Renewable Energy *...

272

Is the R&D behaviour of fast-growing SMEs different? Evidence from CIS III data for 16 countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper studies the R&D behaviour of fast growing SMEs using CIS III data for 16 countries. We group the countries ... technological development. Our first finding is that R&D is more important to high-growth ...

Werner Hlzl

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

An Integrated Study of the Grayburg/San Andres Reservoir, Foster and South Cowden Fields, Ector County, Texas  

SciTech Connect

A project to recover economic amounts of oil from a very mature oil field is being conducted by Laguna Petroleum Corporation of Midland, Texas, with partial funding from a U. S. Department of Energy grant to study shallow carbonate rock reservoirs. The objectives of the project are to use modern engineering methods to optimize oil field management and to use geological and geophysical data to recover untapped potential within the petroleum reservoirs. The integration of data and techniques from these disciplines has yielded results greater than those achievable without their cooperation. The cost of successfully accomplishing these goals is to be low enough for even small independent operators to afford. This article is a report describing accomplishments for the fiscal year 1997-1998.

Robinson, William C.; Trentham, Robert C.; Widner, Kevin; Wienbrandt, Richard

1999-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

274

An integrated study of the Grayburg/San Andres reservoir, Foster and South Cowden fields, Ector County, Texas, Class II  

SciTech Connect

A project to recover economic amounts of oil from a very mature oil field is being conducted by Laguna Petroleum Corporation of Midland, Texas, with partial funding from a U. S. Department of Energy (DOE) grant to study shallow carbonate rock reservoirs. The objectives of the project are to use modern engineering methods to optimize oil field management and to use geological and geophysical data to recover untapped potential within the petroleum reservoirs. The integration of data and techniques from these disciplines has yielded results greater than those achievable without their cooperation. The cost of successfully accomplishing these goals is to be low enough for even small independent operators to afford. This article is a report describing accomplishments for the fiscal year 1998-1999.

Trentham, DGS, Robert C.; Robinson, M.S., William C.; Wider, Kevin; Weinbrandt, Ph.D.,PE, Richard

2000-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

275

Towards integrated sustainable transportation profile: a case study of Gharb El-Balad district, Assiut City, Egypt  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Despite transportation is a key necessity for humans, it was argued a significant contributor to environmental degradation. Responding to that, drafts of sustainable transportation (ST) were sketched, guiding principles were argued, and rating systems were pursued. However, the selection of the appropriate method to implement ST is a challengeable task; not only due to the diversity and multidimensionality of local contexts, but also due to the numerous attributes of ST and their varying relative weights. This paper aims at defining an integrated profile of ST. Firstly, the motive behind tackling the issue was introduced and the methodology was worked out. Definitions, guiding principles, indicators, and rating systems were reviewed. After that, taxonomy of ST indicators was carried out, the interrelationship of key-attributes was investigated, and strategic directions to ST were proposed, to be applied over a selected case study. At last, a discussion took place highlighting the opportunities and challenges.

Khaled Ali Youssef; Moataz Mohmoud

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

A unit commitment study of the application of energy storage toward the integration of renewable generation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

To examine the potential benefits of energy storage in the electric grid a generalized unit commitment model of thermal generating units and energy storage facilities is developed. Three different storage scenarios were testedtwo without limits to total storage assignment and one with a constrained maximum storage portfolio. Given a generation fleet based on the City of Austins renewable energy deployment plans results from the unlimited energy storage deployment scenarios studied show that if capital costs are ignored large quantities of seasonal storage are preferred. This operational approach enables storage of plentiful wind generation during winter months that can then be dispatched during high cost peak periods in the summer. These two scenarios yielded $70 million and $94 million in yearly operational cost savings but would cost hundreds of billions to implement. Conversely yearly cost reductions of $40 million can be achieved with one compressed air energy storage facility and a small set of electrochemical storage devices totaling 13?GWh of capacity. Similarly sized storage fleets with capital costs service lifetimes and financing consistent with these operational cost savings can yield significant operational benefit by avoiding dispatch of expensive peaking generators and improving utilization of renewable generation throughout the year. Further study using a modified unit commitment model can help to clarify optimal storage portfolios reveal appropriate market participation approaches and determine the optimal siting of storage within the grid.

Chioke Harris; Jeremy P. Meyers; Michael E. Webber

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Evaporative system for water and beverage refrigeration in hot countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Evaporative system for water and beverage refrigeration in hot countries A Saleh1 and MA Al-Nimr2 1 Abstract: The present study proposes an evaporative refrigerating system used to keep water or other are found to be consistent with the available literature data. Keywords: evaporative refrigeration, heat

278

Integrating Variable Renewable Energy in Electric Power Markets: Best Practices from International Experience, Summary for Policymakers  

SciTech Connect

Many countries -- reflecting very different geographies, markets, and power systems -- are successfully managing high levels of variable renewable energy on the electric grid, including that from wind and solar energy. This document summarizes policy best practices that energy ministers and other stakeholders can pursue to ensure that electricity markets and power systems can effectively coevolve with increasing penetrations of variable renewable energy. There is no one-size-fits-all approach; each country studied has crafted its own combination of policies, market designs, and system operations to achieve the system reliability and flexibility needed to successfully integrate renewables. Notwithstanding this diversity, the approaches taken by the countries studied all coalesce around five strategic areas: lead public engagement, particularly for new transmission; coordinate and integrate planning; develop rules for market evolution that enable system flexibility; expand access to diverse resources and geographic footprint of operations; and improve system operations. This study also emphatically underscores the value of countries sharing their experiences. The more diverse and robust the experience base from which a country can draw, the more likely that it will be able to implement an appropriate, optimized, and system-wide approach.

Cochran, J.; Bird, L.; Heeter, J.; Arent, D. A.

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Phase 1 feasibility study of an integrated hydrogen PEM fuel cell system. Final report  

SciTech Connect

Evaluated in the report is the use of hydrogen fueled proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cells for devices requiring less than 15 kW. Metal hydrides were specifically analyzed as a method of storing hydrogen. There is a business and technical part to the study that were developed with feedback from each other. The business potential of a small PEM product is reviewed by examining the markets, projected sales, and required investment. The major technical and cost hurdles to a product are also reviewed including: the membrane and electrode assembly (M and EA), water transport plate (WTP), and the metal hydrides. It was concluded that the best potential stationary market for hydrogen PEM fuel cell less than 15 kW is for backup power use in telecommunications applications.

Luczak, F.

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

NREL: Transmission Grid Integration - Publications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Publications Publications Want updates about future transmission grid integration webinars and publications? Join our mailing list. NREL has an extensive collection of publications related to transmission integration research. Explore the resources below to learn more. Selected Project Publications Read selected publications related to these transmission integration projects: Western Wind and Solar Integration Study Eastern Renewable Generation Integration Study Oahu Wind Integration and Transmission Study Flexible Energy Scheduling Tool for Integration of Variable generation (FESTIV) Active power controls Forecasting Grid Simulation. NREL Publications Database NREL's publications database offers a variety of documents related to transmission integration that were written by NREL staff and

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "integration study country" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

IEA participating countries Czech Republic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-encompassing annual studies of oil, natural gas, coal, electricity and renewables are indispensable tools for energy, journalist or student will have at his or her fingertips the annual Canadian production of coal, the electricity consumption in Thailand, the price of diesel oil in Spain and thousands of other useful energy

Schrijver, Karel

282

Academic Exchange Agreements Area Countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

College of Arts & Sciences University of Tanta [Faculty of Engineering] Engineering (G) Ethiopia National) Medicine (G) Brunei University Brunei Darussalam [Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences] Advanced Studies on Asia (I) Cambodia Cambodian Agricultural Research and Development (I) Agricultural & Life Sciences (G

Yamamoto, Hirosuke

283

Property:Country | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Country Country Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Page. Pages using the property "Country" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 4 4C Offshore Limited + United Kingdom + A A1 Sun, Inc. + United States + ALDACOR INC + United States + Abu Dhabi Supreme Petroleum Council + United Arab Emirates + Algeria Ministry of Energy and Mining + Algeria + Alternate Energy LLC + United States + B Bahrain National Gas and Oil Authority + Bahrain + Balloon Eólica + Brazil + Buffalo Software + United States + C CSBC Corporation + Taiwan + Community Energy Inc + United States + E EXEN Holdings LLC + United States + Ecoforest + Spain + H HOMER + Armenia + HOMER + Yugoslavia + HOMER + Gabon + HOMER + Sri Lanka + HOMER + Canada +

284

Integrated Ecogenomics Study for Bioremediation of Cr(VI) at Hanford 100H Area  

SciTech Connect

Hexavalent chromium is a widespread contaminant found in groundwater. In order to stimulate microbially mediated Cr(VI)-reduction, a poly-lactate compound was injected into Cr(VI)-contaminated aquifers at site 100H at Hanford. Investigation of bacterial community composition using high-density DNA microarray analysis of 16S rRNA gene products revealed a stimulation of Pseudomonas, Desulfovibrio and Geobacter species amongst others. Enrichment of these organisms coincided with continued Cr(VI) depletion. Functional gene-array analysis of DNA from monitoring well indicated high abundance of genes involved in nitrate-reduction, sulfate-reduction, iron-reduction, methanogenesis, chromium tolerance/reduction. Clone-library data revealed Psedomonas was the dominant genus in these samples. Based on above results, we conducted lab investigations to study the dominant anaerobic culturable microbial populations present at this site and their role in Cr(VI)-reduction. Enrichments using defined anaerobic media resulted in isolation of an iron-reducing, a sulfate-reducing and a nitrate-reducing isolate among several others. Preliminary 16S rDNA sequence analysis identified the isolates as Geobacter metallireducens, Pseudomonas stutzeri and Desulfovibrio vulgaris species respectively. The Pseudomonas isolate utilized acetate, lactate, glycerol and pyruvate as alternative carbon sources, and reduced Cr(VI). Anaerobic washed cell suspension of strain HLN reduced almost 95?M Cr(VI) within 4 hr. Further, with 100?M Cr(VI) as sole electron-acceptor, cells grew to 4.05 x 107 /ml over 24 h after an initial lag, demonstrating direct enzymatic Cr(VI) reduction coupled to growth. These results demonstrate that Cr(VI)-immobilization at Hanford 100H site could be mediated by direct microbial metabolism in addition to indirect chemical reduction of Cr(VI) by end-products of microbial activity.

Chakraborty, Romy; Chakraborty, Romy

2008-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

285

Integrated study of Mediterranean deep canyons: Novel results and future challenges  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This volume compiles a number of scientific papers resulting from a sustained multidisciplinary research effort of the deep-sea ecosystem in the Mediterranean Sea. This started 20 years ago and peaked over the last few years thanks to a number of Spanish and European projects such as PROMETEO, DOS MARES, REDECO, GRACCIE, HERMES, HERMIONE and PERSEUS, amongst others. The geographic focus of most papers is on the NW Mediterranean Sea including the Western Gulf of Lion and the North Catalan margin, with a special attention to submarine canyons, in particular the Blanes and Cap de Creus canyons. This introductory article to the Progress in Oceanography special issue on Mediterranean deep canyons provides background information needed to better understand the individual papers forming the volume, comments previous reference papers related to the main topics here addressed, and finally highlights the existing relationships between atmospheric forcing, oceanographic processes, seafloor physiography, ecosystem response, and litter and chemical pollution. This article also aims at constituting a sort of glue, in terms of existing knowledge and concepts and novel findings, linking together the other twenty papers in the volume, also including some illustrative figures. The main driving ideas behind this special issue, particularly fitting to the study area of the NW Mediterranean Sea, could be summarized as follows: (i) the atmosphere and the deep-sea ecosystem are connected through oceanographic processes originating in the coastal area and the ocean surface, which get activated at the occasion of high-energy events leading to fast transfers of matter and energy to the deep; (ii) shelf indented submarine canyons play a pivotal role in such transfers, which involve dense water, sedimentary particles, organic matter, litter and chemical pollutants; (iii) lateral inputs (advection) from the upper continental margin contributes significantly to the formation of intermediate and deep-water masses, and the associated fluxes of matter and energy are a main driver of deep-sea ecosystems; (iv) deep-sea organisms are highly sensitive to the arrival of external inputs, starting from the lowest food web levels and propagating upwards as time passes, which also relies upon the biology, nutritional needs and life expectancy of each individual species; and (v) innovative knowledge gained through such multidisciplinary research is of the utmost significance for an improved management of deep-sea living resources, such as the highly priced red shrimp Aristeus antennatus, for which a pilot management plan largely based in the findings described here and in related articles has been recently published (BOE, 2013). The researchers involved in such challenging endeavour have learnt tremendously from the results obtained so far and from each other, but are fully aware that there are still many unsolved questions. That is why this introductory article also includes Future challenges both in the title and as an individual section at the end, to express that there is still a long way to go.

M. Canals; J.B. Company; D. Martn; A. Snchez-Vidal; E. Ramrez-Llodr

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Category:Countries | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Countries Countries Jump to: navigation, search This category contains sovereign nations and uses the form Country. Pages in category "Countries" The following 200 pages are in this category, out of 211 total. (previous 200) (next 200) A Afghanistan Albania Algeria Andorra Angola Anguilla Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan B Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bhutan Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burundi C Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cape Verde Cayman Islands Central African Republic Chad Chile China Colombia Comoros Cook Islands Costa Rica Croatia Cuba Cyprus Czech Republic D Democratic Republic of Congo Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic E Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea

287

Oil prices and the developing countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Many of the present difficulties of the world economy have been blamed on the two oil-price explosions of the 1970s. Professor Chichilnisky shows ... , at least in the case of the oil-importing developing countri...

Graciela Chichilnisky

288

Quality Renewable Energy Training in Developing Countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

What about the developing countries where Renewable Energy is still needed to meet the needs ... growing market. But the growing market needs quality trained technicians. How are the thousands of...

Geoff Stapleton; Zhu Li; Stephen Garrett

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Health Labor Markets in Developing Countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The health workforce plays a key role in increasing access to health services for populations in developing countries. Yet there are numerous challenges in this critical area of health policy in developing countries, including labor shortages, geographic disparities, and variation in health worker productivity and quality. A labor economics perspective is extremely useful in understanding why, for example, countries with relatively similar epidemiological and disease profiles have vastly different numbers of doctors and nurses, or why there are unemployed nurses when the need for care is so great. This article reviews the key factors that influence the demand for and supply of health workers and reviews the special features of the health labor market in developing countries.

M. Vujicic

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

EM Tribal Programs in Indian Country | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Tribal Programs in Tribal Programs in Indian Country EM Tribal Programs in Indian Country EM Tribal Programs in Indian Country EM Tribal Programs in Indian Country EM Tribal Programs in Indian Country EM Tribal Programs in Indian Country EM Tribal Programs in Indian Country EM Tribal Programs in Indian Country EM Tribal Programs in Indian Country EM Tribal Programs in Indian Country EM Tribal Programs in Indian Country EM Tribal Programs in Indian Country EM Tribal Programs in Indian Country EM Tribal Programs in Indian Country The U.S. Department of Energy is committed to the cleanup of sites that were once part of the Nation's nuclear weapons complex. Several of these sites are located close or adjacent to sovereign Tribal nations and impact Indian lands and/or resources. Consistent with the Department's American

291

Area Study prior to Companion Modelling to Integrate Multiple Interests in Upper Watershed Management of Northern Thailand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Management of Northern Thailand C. Barnaud*, G. Trébuil**, P. Dumrongrojwatthana***, J. Marie**** * CU of northern Thailand have long been accused of degrading the upper watersheds of the country's major basins communities and state agencies, calling for the need for adapted participatory methodologies to facilitate

Boyer, Edmond

292

Integrated seismic study of naturally fractured tight gas reservoirs. Technical progress report, April 1, 1993--June 31, 1993  

SciTech Connect

This was the seventh quarter of the contract. During this quarter we (1) continued the large task of processing the seismic data, (2) collected additional geological information to aid in the interpretation, (3) tied the well log data to the seismic via generation of synthetic seismograms, (4) began integrating regional structural information and fracture trends with our observations of structure in the study area, (5) began constructing a velocity model for time-to-depth conversion and subsequent AVO and raytrace modeling experiments, and (6) completed formulation of some theoretical tools for relating fracture density to observed elastic anisotropy. The study area is located at the southern end of the Powder River Basin in Converse County in east-central Wyoming. It is a low permeability fractured site, with both gas and oil present. Reservoirs are highly compartmentalized due to the low permeabilities, and fractures provide the only practical drainage paths for production. The two formations of interest are: The Niobrara: a fractured shale and limey shale to chalk, which is a reservoir rock, but also its own source rock. The Frontier: a tight sandstone lying directly below the Niobrara, brought into contact with it by an unconformity. A basemap is presented with the seismic lines being analyzed for this project plus locations of 13 wells that we are using to supplement the analysis. The arrows point to two wells for which we have constructed synthetic seismograms.

Mavko, G.; Nur, A.

1993-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

293

Integrating Variable Renewable Energy in Electric Power Markets: Best Practices from International Experience  

SciTech Connect

Many countries -- reflecting very different geographies, markets, and power systems -- are successfully managing high levels of variable renewable energy on the electric grid, including that from wind and solar energy. This study documents the diverse approaches to effective integration of variable renewable energy among six countries -- Australia (South Australia), Denmark, Germany, Ireland, Spain, and the United States (Western region-Colorado and Texas)-- and summarizes policy best practices that energy ministers and other stakeholders can pursue to ensure that electricity markets and power systems can effectively coevolve with increasing penetrations of variable renewable energy. Each country has crafted its own combination of policies, market designs, and system operations to achieve the system reliability and flexibility needed to successfully integrate renewables. Notwithstanding this diversity, the approaches taken by the countries studied all coalesce around five strategic areas: lead public engagement, particularly for new transmission; coordinate and integrate planning; develop rules for market evolution that enable system flexibility; expand access to diverse resources and geographic footprint of operations; and improve system operations. The ability to maintain a broad ecosystem perspective, to organize and make available the wealth of experiences, and to ensure a clear path from analysis to enactment should be the primary focus going forward.

Cochran, J.; Bird, L.; Heeter, J.; Arent, D. A.

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Sustainable energy for developing countries : modelling transitions to renewable and clean energy in rapidly developing countries.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The main objective of this thesis is first to adapt energy models for the use in developing countries and second to model sustainable energy transitions (more)

Urban, Frauke

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Study on a gas-steam combined cycle system with CO2 capture by integrating molten carbonate fuel cell  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper studies a gas-steam combined cycle system with CO2 capture by integrating the MCFC (molten carbonate fuel cell). With the Aspen plus software, this paper builds the model of the overall MCFC-GT hybrid system with CO2 capture and analyzes the effects of the key parameters on the performances of the overall system. The result shows that compared with the gas-steam combined cycle system without CO2 capture, the efficiency of the new system with CO2 capture does not decrease obviously and keeps the same efficiency with the original gas steam combined cycle system when the carbon capture percentage is 45%. When the carbon capture percentage reaches up to 85%, the efficiency of the new system is about 54.96%, only 0.67 percent points lower than that of the original gas-steam combined cycle system. The results show that the new system has an obvious superiority of thermal performance. However, its technical economic performance needs be improved with the technical development of MCFC and ITM (oxygen ion transfer membrane). Achievements from this paper will provide the useful reference for CO2 capture with lower energy consumption from the traditional power generation system.

Liqiang Duan; Jingnan Zhu; Long Yue; Yongping Yang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Asia-Pacific Integrated Model (AIM) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Asia-Pacific Integrated Model (AIM) Asia-Pacific Integrated Model (AIM) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Asia-Pacific Integrated Model (AIM) Agency/Company /Organization: National Institute of Environmental Studies (NIES) User Interface: Spreadsheet Complexity/Ease of Use: Advanced Website: www-iam.nies.go.jp/aim/index.htm Country: Asia Locality: Asia-Pacific Cost: Free UN Region: Eastern Asia Related Tools SimCLIM Poverty Social Impact Analysis Threshold 21 Model ... further results Find Another Tool FIND DEVELOPMENT IMPACTS ASSESSMENT TOOLS A large-scale computer simulation model for assessing policy options to stabilize the global climate through greenhouse gas emissions reduction, with an emphasis on the Asia-Pacific region. Approach AIM comprises three main models: a greenhouse gas emissions model

297

Integrated Economic-Epidemic Modeling of Avian Influenza Mitigation Options: A Case Study of an Outbreak in Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cluskey and Scott 2006). The spectrum of diseases called avian Influenza involves various combinations of 16 hemagglutinin (H) and neuraminidase (N) proteins subtypes (Pelzel, McCluskey and Scott 2006), which could be classified into high pathogenic and low... is declared AI free. For example, after the Gonzales? outbreak, 44 countries imposed import restrictions on either Texas or U.S poultry products (Pelzel, McCluskey and Scott 2006). Finally unlike other economic impact analysis, economic analysis...

Egbendewe-Mondzozo, Aklesso

2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

298

High Country Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

High Country Energy High Country Energy Place Kasson, Minnesota Zip MN 55944 Sector Wind energy Product Developing a planned 300MW wind project in Dodge and Olmsted countries, Minnesota. Coordinates 44.02676°, -92.748254° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":44.02676,"lon":-92.748254,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

299

Kenya SWERA-Country Report.pdf  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

KENYA COUNTRY REPORT KENYA COUNTRY REPORT SOLAR AND WIND ENERGY RESOURCE ASSESSMENT Nairobi, 23 May 2008 i ii Disclaimer This report is a compilation of information relating to the Solar and Wind Energy Resource Assessment Project (SWERA) including data capturing and analysis, computation and mapping using GIS and other technologies to produce a national solar and wind atlases for Kenya. The contents of this report do not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations Environment Programme, Government of Kenya, Practical Action or any other party or organizations and countries involved in the SWERA project. Any omissions or alteration of the intended meaning and discrepancies are highly regretted. Daniel Theuri Lead Implementer SWERA National Team Nairobi, 23 May 2008 iii ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

300

Country-Fried Biofuels | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Country-Fried Biofuels Country-Fried Biofuels Country-Fried Biofuels December 9, 2010 - 5:33pm Addthis Shannon Brescher Shea Communications Manager, Clean Cities Program Editor's Note: This entry is crossposted from the Energy Savers Blog. Every Thanksgiving, we hear stories about an imprudent cook deep frying a turkey inside, resulting in fiery disaster. But a more humdrum risk of deep-frying is improperly disposing of the grease. Pouring it down the drain, which can clog municipal pipes and pollute local waterways, is actually illegal in many places. A better option is to have it recycled into biodiesel. Some Clean Cities coalitions, supported by the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy's (EERE) Vehicle Technologies Program, have worked with their local governments to make holiday drippings

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "integration study country" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Country-Fried Biofuels | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Country-Fried Biofuels Country-Fried Biofuels Country-Fried Biofuels December 7, 2010 - 12:37pm Addthis Shannon Brescher Shea Communications Manager, Clean Cities Program Every Thanksgiving, we hear stories about an imprudent cook deep frying a turkey inside, resulting in fiery disaster. But a more humdrum risk of deep-frying is improperly disposing of the grease. Pouring it down the drain, which can clog municipal pipes and pollute local waterways, is actually illegal in many places. A better option is to have it recycled into biodiesel. Some Clean Cities coalitions, supported by the Vehicle Technologies Program in EERE, have worked with their local governments to make holiday drippings into clean fuel. This year, Pima County (Tucson), Arizona collected more than 4,400 pounds of used oil at their sixth annual Day After Thanksgiving Grease Recycling

302

Property:Project Country | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Project Country Project Country Property Type Page Pages using the property "Project Country" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) M MHK Projects/40MW Lewis project + United Kingdom + MHK Projects/ADM 3 + Ireland + MHK Projects/ADM 4 + United Kingdom + MHK Projects/ADM 5 + Portugal + MHK Projects/AW Energy EMEC + United Kingdom + MHK Projects/AWS II + United Kingdom + MHK Projects/Admirality Inlet Tidal Energy Project + United States + MHK Projects/Agucadoura + Portugal + MHK Projects/Alaska 1 + United States + MHK Projects/Alaska 13 + United States + MHK Projects/Alaska 17 + United States + MHK Projects/Alaska 18 + United States + MHK Projects/Alaska 24 + United States + MHK Projects/Alaska 25 + United States + MHK Projects/Alaska 28 + United States +

303

Gold Country Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Gold Country Energy Gold Country Energy Place Alaska Utility Id 56739 Utility Location Yes Ownership I NERC WECC Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Transmission Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File2_2010[1] EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[2] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png No rate schedules available. Average Rates Residential: $0.6670/kWh Commercial: $0.6430/kWh References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File2_2010" ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Gold_Country_Energy&oldid=412919"

304

Carbon Dioxide Emissions from Industrialized Countries  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6 6 Carbon Dioxide Emissions from Industrialized Countries Extended discussion here Carbon emissions per capita 1973 vs. 1991 by major end use. (Denmark comparison is 1972 and 1991) With the third Conference of the Parties (COP-3) in Kyoto approaching, there is a great deal of excitement over policies designed to reduce future carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from fossil fuels. At COP-3, more than 130 nations will meet to create legally binding targets for CO2 reductions. Accordingly, we have analyzed the patterns of emissions arising from the end uses of energy (and electricity production) in ten industrialized countries, with surprising and, in some cases, worrisome results. The surprise is that emissions in many countries in the early 1990s were lower than in the 1970s in an absolute sense and on a per capita basis; the worry

305

Development of M-Government Projects in a Developing Country: The Case of Albania  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper is a qualitative study regarding m-government in a developing country in Eastern Europe with a poor infrastructure and a democratic history-Albania. To understand why m-government is unavoidable and necessary for Albania, the authors provide ... Keywords: Albania, Developing Country, IT Infrastructure, SEE, e-Government, m-Government

Silvana Trimi; Kozeta Sevrani

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Integrability study on a generalized (2+1)-dimensional variable-coefficient Gardner model with symbolic computation  

SciTech Connect

Gardner model describes certain nonlinear elastic structures, ion-acoustic waves in plasmas, and shear flows in ocean and atmosphere. In this paper, by virtue of the computerized symbolic computation, the integrability of a generalized (2+1)-dimensional variable-coefficient Gardner model is investigated. Painleve integrability conditions are derived among the coefficient functions, which reduce all the coefficient functions to be proportional only to {gamma}(t), the coefficient of the cubic nonlinear term u{sup 2}u{sub x}. Then, an independent transformation of the variable t transforms the reduced {gamma}(t)-dependent equation into a constant-coefficient integrable one. Painleve test shows that this is the only case when our original generalized (2+1)-dimensional variable-coefficient Gardner model is integrable.

Lue Xing; Zhang Haiqiang; Xu Tao; Li He [School of Science, Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, P.O. Box 122, Beijing 100876 (China); Tian Bo [School of Science, Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, P.O. Box 122, Beijing 100876 (China); State Key Laboratory of Software Development Environment, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100191 (China); Key Laboratory of Information Photonics and Optical Communications (BUPT), Ministry of Education, Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, P.O. Box 128, Beijing 100876 (China)

2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

307

Scramjet Operability Range Studies of an Integrated Aerodynamic-Ramp-Injector/Plasma-Torch Igniter with Hydrogen and Hydrocarbon Fuels.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??An integrated aerodynamic-ramp-injector/plasma-torch-igniter of original design was tested in a M = 2, unvitiated, heated flow facility arranged as a diverging duct scramjet combustor. The (more)

Bonanos, Aristides Michael

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Enterprise integration strategies across virtual extended enterprise networks : a case study of the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter Program enterprise  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Over the last decade, many companies in industries that produce complex and technologically-advanced products have begun to integrate their operations along the value chains of the primary products they design, produce or ...

Glazner, Christopher G

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Georgia (country): Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Georgia (country): Energy Resources Georgia (country): Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"390px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42,"lon":43.5,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

310

Unsupervised neural models for country and political risk analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This interdisciplinary research project focuses on relevant applications of Knowledge Discovery and Artificial Neural Networks in order to identify and analyze levels of country, business and political risk. Its main goal is to help business decision-makers understand the dynamics within the emerging market countries in which they operate. Most of the neural models applied in this study are defined within the framework of unsupervised learning. They are based on Exploratory Projection Pursuit, Topology Preserving Maps and Curvilinear Component Analysis. Two interesting real data sets are analyzed to empirically probe the robustness of these models. The first case study describes information from a significant sample of Spanish multinational enterprises (MNEs). It analyses data pertaining to such aspects as decisions over the location of subsidiary enterprises in various regions across the world, the importance accorded to such decisions and the driving forces behind them. Through a projection-based analysis, this study reveals a range of different reasons underlying the internationalization strategies of Spanish \\{MNEs\\} and the different goals they pursue. It may be concluded that projection connectionist techniques are of immense assistance in the process of identifying the internationalization strategies of Spanish MNEs, their underlying motives and the goals they pursue. The second case study covers several risk categories that include task policy, security, and political stability among others, and it tracks the scores of different countries all over the world. Interesting conclusions are drawn from the application of several business intelligence solutions based on neural projection models, which support data analysis in the context of country and political risk analysis.

lvaro Herrero; Emilio Corchado; Alfredo Jimnez

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

An integrated methodology for quantitative assessment of proliferation resistance of advanced nuclear systems using probabilistic methods  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Proliferation is the results of a competition between the proliferating country (proliferation) and the party to resist the proliferation efforts (safeguarder). An integrated evaluation methodology to evaluate proliferation ...

Ham, Hyeongpil

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

The cost of integration of zero emission power plantsA case study for the island of Cyprus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this work, a technical, economic and environmental analysis is carried out for the estimation of the optimal option scenario for the Cyprus's future power generation system. A range of power generation technologies integrated with carbon capture and storage (CCS) were examined as candidate options and compared with the business as usual scenario. Based on the input data and the assumptions made, the simulations indicated that the integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) technology with pre-combustion CCS integration is the least cost option for the future expansion of the power generation system. In particular, the results showed that for a natural gas price of 7.9US$/GJ the IGCC technology with pre-combustion CCS integration is the most economical choice, closely followed by the pulverized coal technology with post-combustion CCS integration. The combined cycle technology can, also, be considered as alternative competitive technology. The combined cycle technologies with pre- or post-combustion CCS integration yield more expensive electricity unit cost. In addition, a sensitivity analysis has been also carried out in order to examine the effect of the natural gas price on the optimum planning. For natural gas prices greater than 6.4US$/GJ the least cost option is the use of IGCC technology with CCS integration. It can be concluded that the Cyprus's power generation system can be shifted slowly towards the utilization of CCS technologies in favor of the existing steam power plants in order not only to lower the environmental emissions and fulfilling the recent European Union Energy Package requirements but also to reduce the associated electricity unit cost.

Andreas Poullikkas; Ioannis Hadjipaschalis; Costas Christou

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Building America Case Study: Evaluation of Residential Integrated Space/Water Heat Systems, Illinois and New York (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

This multi-unit field demonstration of combined space and water heating (combi) systems was conducted to help document combi system installation and performance issues that needed to be addressed through research. The objective of the project was to put commercialized forced-air tankless combi units into the field through local contractors that were trained by manufacturers and GTI staff under the auspices of utility-implemented Emerging Technology Programs. With support from PARR, NYSERDA and other partners, the project documented system performance and installations in Chicago and New York. Combi systems were found to save nearly 200 therms in cold climates at efficiencies between about 80% and 94%. Combi systems using third-party air handler units specially designed for condensing combi system operation performed better than the packaged integrated combi systems available for the project. Moreover, combi systems tended to perform poorly when the tankless water heaters operating at high turn-down ratios. Field tests for this study exposed installation deficiencies due to contractor unfamiliarity with the products and the complexity of field engineering and system tweaking to achieve high efficiencies. Widespread contractor education must be a key component to market expansion of combi systems. Installed costs for combi systems need to come down about 5% to 10% to satisfy total resource calculations for utility-administered energy efficiency programs. Greater sales volumes and contractor familiarity can drive costs down. More research is needed to determine how well heating systems such as traditional furnace/water heater, combis, and heat pumps compare in similar as-installed scenarios, but under controlled conditions.

Not Available

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

THE INTEGRATION OF ENGINEERED AND INSTITUTIONAL CONTROLS: A CASE STUDY APPROACH WITH LESSONS LEARNED FROM PREVIOUSLY CLOSED SITES  

SciTech Connect

Environmental remediation efforts that are underway at hundreds of contaminated sites in the United States will not be able to remediate large portions of those sites to conditions that would permit unrestricted access. Rather, large volumes of waste materials, contaminated soils and cleanup residuals will have to be isolated either in place or in new, often on-site, disposal cells with long term monitoring, maintenance and institutional control needs. The challenge continues to be to provide engineering systems and controls that can ensure the protection of public health and the environment over very long time horizons (hundreds to perhaps thousands of years) with minimal intervention. Effective long term management of legacy hazardous and nuclear waste requires an integrated approach that addresses both the engineered containment and control system itself and the institutional controls and other responsibilities that are needed. Decisions concerning system design, monitoring and maintenance, and the institutional controls that will be employed are best done through a "risk-nformed, performance-based" approach. Such an approach should incorporate an analysis of potential "failure" modes and consequences for all important system features, together with lessons learned from experience with systems already in place. The authors will present the preliminary results of a case study approach that included several sites where contamination isolation systems including institutional controls have been implemented. The results are being used together with failure trees and logic diagrams that have been developed for both the engineered barriers and the institutional controls. The use of these analytical tools to evaluate the potential for different levels of failure and associated consequences will be discussed. Of special interest is the robustness of different approaches to providing long-term protection through redundancy and defense in depth.

Kevin M. Kostelnik; James H. Clarke; Jerry L. Harbour

2005-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) Jump to: navigation, search Name International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) Agency/Company /Organization International Centre for International Mountain Development (ICIMOD) Resource Type Training materials, Lessons learned/best practices Website http://www.icimod.org/ Country Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan UN Region Southern Asia, Western Asia References ICIMOD[1] International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) Screenshot "The International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development, ICIMOD, is a regional knowledge development and learning centre serving the eight regional member countries of the Hindu Kush-Himalayas - Afghanistan,

316

Public and Private Enterprise in Developing Countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... investment on the following day was intended to call attention to the importance of British private investment, and in opening the debate Lord Aldington was particularly concerned with the possible ... publication of the Overseas Development Institute, Investment and Development, in which the role of private investment in developing countries is discussed *. Following an introduc tion by Sir Leslie ...

1965-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

317

Policies for the 2011 Assessment of country  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. This means huge investments, totalling 1.4% of global GDP per year by 2030, which will have to be madePolicies for the future 2011 Assessment of country energy and climate policies World Energy Council Project Partner OLIVER WYMAN #12;Officers of the World Energy Council Pierre Gadonneix Chair Abubakar

Kammen, Daniel M.

318

New Zealand: Asia-Pacific energy series, country report  

SciTech Connect

The New Zealand energy sector has undergone significant changes in the past few years. Reform and deregulation came to New Zealand in large doses and at a rapid pace. Unlike Japan where deregulation was designed for a five-year phase-in period or even Australia where the government was fully geared up to handle deregulation, deregulation occurred in New Zealand almost with no phase-in period and very little planning. Under fast-paced Rogernomics,'' the energy sector was but one more element of the economy to be deregulated and/or privatized. While the New Zealand energy sector deregulation is generally believed to have been successful, there are still outstanding questions as to whether the original intent has been fully achieved. The fact that a competent energy bureaucracy was mostly lost in the process makes it even more difficult to find those with long enough institutional memories to untangle the agreements and understandings between the government and the private sector over the previous decade. As part of our continuing assessment of Asia-Pacific energy markets, the Resources Programs at the East-West Center has embarked on a series of country studies that discuss in detail the structure of the energy sector in each major country in the region. To date, our reports to the US Department of Energy, Assistant Secretary for International Affairs and Energy Emergencies, have covered Australia, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, New Zealand, Pakistan, the Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, and Thailand. The country studies also provide the reader with an overview of the economic and political situation in the various counties. We have particularly highlighted petroleum and gas issues in the country studies and have attempted to show the foreign trade implications of oil and gas trade. Finally, to the greatest extent possible, we have provided the latest available statistics.

Yamaguchi, N.D.; Keevill, H.D.

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Constructing the FEEM sustainability index: A Choquet integral application  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper presents the development of the FEEM sustainability index (FEEM SI), a composite index including 19 different indicators grouped in the three classical pillars of sustainability economic, social and environmental. We present the relevance of multi-attribute aggregation methodologies when dealing with such complex concepts and apply an aggregation methodology used for this case study: the Choquet integral operator. First, we normalize each sustainability indicator with the use of a benchmarking procedure with a smooth target of sustainability. We then develop an aggregation tree of sustainability criteria and a questionnaire to measure the values that experts attribute to individual sustainability criteria and their interaction. This survey suggests that a majority of experts consider sustainability criteria as complementary to each other. After combining the preferences of different experts to establish a consensus, we construct the FEEM SI using the Choquet integral aggregation procedure. The results for sustainability levels show that countries that are ranked at higher (lower) positions are those that have better (worse) outcomes in at least in two final pillars, respectively. Finally, we conduct a robustness analysis by repeating the aggregation procedure with different convex combinations of experts preferences. The results indicate that, while sustainability levels of countries do vary with the expert preferences, countries respective rankings remain mainly the same, irrespective of the combination of experts preferences.

Mehmet Pinar; Caterina Cruciani; Silvio Giove; Matteo Sostero

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

A framework for local and regional energy system integration between industry and municipalitiesCase study UPM-Kymmene Kaukas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The integration of different energy systems, e.g., industrial and municipal, is potentially important for the efficient utilization of energy. It is important that the tools for analysing this type of integration can handle the energy systems on different levels, e.g., regional, site, plant and process levels. In this work, a framework for investigating the cost-efficient integration of large-scale energy systems is presented and tested at the UPM-Kymmene Kaukas pulp and paper plant and in the municipality of Lappeenranta, Finland. In addition to the different levels, the framework also aims to take into account several sub-problems, e.g., fuel logistic, optimal heat exchanger network and overall efficiency versus flexibility. The case in question shows that the presented framework can be used as a systematic tool for analysing the potential of integrating large energy systems and that it is able to handle both the synthesis of flexible heat exchanger networks and analyse the cost-efficiency of changes to the existing systems.

Tor-Martin Tveit; Juha Aaltola; Timo Laukkanen; Mika Laihanen; Carl-Johan Fogelholm

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "integration study country" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Sustainable water resources development in Kuwait : an integrated approach with comparative analysis of the case of Singapore  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis assesses the water resource status of Kuwait and Singapore, both countries considered as water scarce. The institutional aspect of Integrated Water Resource Management (IWRM) efforts in both countries is closely ...

Nazerali, Nasruddin A

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Methods and Issues for the Combined Use of Integral Experiments and Covariance Data: Results of a NEA International Collaborative Study  

SciTech Connect

The Working Party on International Nuclear Data Evaluation Cooperation (WPEC) of the Nuclear Science Committee under the Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA/OECD) established a Subgroup (called Subgroup 33) in 2009 on Methods and issues for the combined use of integral experiments and covariance data. The first stage was devoted to producing the description of different adjustment methodologies and assessing their merits. A detailed document related to this first stage has been issued. Nine leading organizations (often with a long and recognized expertise in the field) have contributed: ANL, CEA, INL, IPPE, JAEA, JSI, NRG, IRSN and ORNL. In the second stage a practical benchmark exercise was defined in order to test the reliability of the nuclear data adjustment methodology. A comparison of the results obtained by the participants and major lessons learned in the exercise are discussed in the present paper that summarizes individual contributions which often include several original developments not reported separately. The paper provides the analysis of the most important results of the adjustment of the main nuclear data of 11 major isotopes in a 33-group energy structure. This benchmark exercise was based on a set of 20 well defined integral parameters from 7 fast assembly experiments. The exercise showed that using a common shared set of integral experiments but different starting evaluated libraries and/or different covariance matrices, there is a good convergence of trends for adjustments. Moreover, a significant reduction of the original uncertainties is often observed. Using the aposteriori covariance data, there is a strong reduction of the uncertainties of integral parameters for reference reactor designs, mainly due to the new correlations in the aposteriori covariance matrix. Furthermore, criteria have been proposed and applied to verify the consistency of differential and integral data used in the adjustment. Finally, recommendations are given for an appropriate use of sensitivity analysis methods and indications for future work are provided.

Giuseppe Palmiotti; Massimo Salvatores

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Products Produced in Countries Other Than Iran  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

April 25, 2013 April 25, 2013 Independent Statistics & Analysis www.eia.gov U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 The eighth in a series of reports required by section 1245 (d) (4) (A) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 April 2013 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Availability and Price of Petroleum and Petroleum Products Produced in Countries Other Than Iran 1 Table of Contents March - April 2013 Update ........................................................................................................................... 2 Tables ............................................................................................................................................................ 4 Figures ......................................................................................................................................................... 10

324

OSIRIS-Country-by-Country Opportunity Cost Curves | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » OSIRIS-Country-by-Country Opportunity Cost Curves Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: OSIRIS-Country-by-Country Opportunity Cost Curves Agency/Company /Organization: Conservation International Sector: Climate, Land Focus Area: Agriculture, Forestry Topics: Market analysis Resource Type: Dataset, Software/modeling tools User Interface: Spreadsheet Website: www.conservation.org/osiris/Pages/overview.aspx Cost: Free UN Region: Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia

325

Adirondack North Country Association | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Adirondack North Country Association Adirondack North Country Association Jump to: navigation, search Name Adirondack North Country Association Address 67 Main Street, Suite 201 Place Saranac Lake, New York Zip 12946 Region Northeast - NY NJ CT PA Area Number of employees 1-10 Year founded 1954 Phone number 518 891 6200 Website http://www.adirondack.org Coordinates 44.326363°, -74.132012° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":44.326363,"lon":-74.132012,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

326

Discontinuous Function Integration  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Discontinuous Function Integration Discontinuous Function Integration Name: Clarence Status: student Grade: 9-12 Location: CA Country: USA Date: Winter 2011-2012 Question: We know that the area under a continuous function on a certain interval, for instance, [a,b], can be found out by definite integration (taking limit of a sum of areas of rectangles). But when the curve is a discontinuous function, the limit does not exist and is not independent of the choice of the height of rectangle in each delta x. Does it mean that the height in an interval delta x including f(x) of undefined value can be any value so that a limiting value (area under the curve) does not exist? Replies: If I understand your question correctly, here is a way out. The limits of integration are divided into sections [x1,y1] to [x2,y2] over which the function is continuous. Then the next section [x2,y2] to [x3,y3] over which the function is continuous is added to the first section. You can carry this on as long as you need to include each of the separate segments. That is not so hard, but I am not completely sure that is what you are asking. There are some pathological functions where this pasting together does not work so well.

327

Country and Political Risk Analysis of Spanish Multinational Enterprises Using Exploratory Projection Pursuit  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

As part of a multidisciplinary research project on relevant applications of Exploratory Projection Pursuit, this study sets out to examine levels of country and political risk that are assumed by a sample of...

Alfredo Jimnez; lvaro Herrero

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Inter-country R&D efficiency analysis: An application of data envelopment analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study examines the relative efficiency of the R&D process across a group of 22 developed and developing countries using Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA). The R&D technical efficiency is examined using a model...

Seema Sharma; V. J. Thomas

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Urban settlement issues : observations from 181 surveys of urban dwelling environments in developing countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Observations and summaries were made on 181 surveys of urban dwelling environments in developing countries, carried out by members of the Urban Settlement Design Program (U.S.D.P.), at MIT. The focus of this study is in ...

Wang, Chih-chien, M.S. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Electric motor systems in developing countries: Opportunities for efficiency improvement  

SciTech Connect

This report presents an overview of the current status and efficiency improvement potential of industrial motor systems in developing countries. Better management of electric motor systems is of particular relevance in developing countries, where improved efficiency can lead to increased productivity and slower growth in electricity demand. Motor systems currently consume some 65--80% of the industrial electricity in developing countries. Drawing on studies from Thailand, India, Brazil, China, Pakistan, and Costa Rica, we describe potential efficiency gains in various parts of the motor system, from the electricity delivery system through the motor to the point where useful work is performed. We report evidence of a significant electricity conservation potential. Most of the efficiency improvement methods we examine are very cost-effective from a societal viewpoint, but are generally not implemented due to various barriers that deter their adoption. Drawing on experiences in North America, we discuss a range of policies to overcome these barriers, including education, training, minimum efficiency standards, motor efficiency testing protocols, technical assistance programs, and financial incentives.

Meyers, S.; Monahan, P.; Lewis, P.; Greenberg, S. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States); Nadel, S. [American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy, Washington, DC (United States)

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Quantifying the Environmental Impact of an Integrated Human/Industrial-Natural System Using Life Cycle Assessment; A Case Study on a Forest and Wood Processing Chain  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Quantifying the Environmental Impact of an Integrated Human/Industrial-Natural System Using Life Cycle Assessment; A Case Study on a Forest and Wood Processing Chain ... For example a forest provides wood but can also emit quantities of NO, CO2, and other compounds, requires solar energy, and occupies a piece of land. ... The net electricity generated is a product of the wood disposal through burning. ...

Thomas Schaubroeck; Rodrigo A. F. Alvarenga; Kris Verheyen; Bart Muys; Jo Dewulf

2013-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

332

Study on the Portable and Integrated Type Pore Plate Flow Measureing Device for Condensate Water of 300MW Steam Turbine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In order to insure the accuracy of steam turbine thermal test in power plant, the flowrate measurement accuracy of condensate water should be insured. In this paper, the portable and integrated type flow measuring device for condensate water of 300MW steam turbine flow is designed, which is based on the condensate water parameters and the specific pipeline conditions at the exit of the No. 5 low pressure heater for 300MW unit. A integration of non standard differential pressure orifice flow meter is designed in this paper Through calibration in standard experimental system, the reason of the large error is that the flow field is disturbed by the origin plate type downward welding connecting flanges. Then the welding neck flanges is designed for the connecting flanges. The distribution of connecting flanges of flow field is weaken, and the measurement accuracy can meet the demand of steam turbine thermal test.

Yong Li; Jia-yong Wang

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

The Future of Global Water Stress: An Integrated Assessment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in developing countries. Uncertain regional climate chang processes of policy development and implementation, climate change research needs to focus on improving decades under integrated projections of socioeconomic growth and climate change. We employ a Water

334

Insolation integrator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electric signal representative of the rate of insolation is integrated to determine if it is adequate for operation of a solar energy collection system.

Dougherty, John J. (Norristown, PA); Rudge, George T. (Lansdale, PA)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Photovoltaic Potential Assessment to Support Renewable Energies Growth in 10 EU Candidate Countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract: We present a GIS database of solar radiation and photovoltaic (PV) potential estimations of 10 European Union Candidate Countries created to support. The database was integrated with a web application to provide access also for a broad public. An application was developed to browse and query GIS maps and to do a simple calculation for any location in the region. The established web site provides access also to analyses and relevant documents

E. D. Dunlop; M. ri; T. A. Huld

336

Property:HPBD/Country | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page. Page. Pages using the property "HPBD/Country" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) H High Performance Buildings Database + United States + High Performance Buildings Database + United States + High Performance Buildings Database + United States + High Performance Buildings Database + United States + High Performance Buildings Database + United States + High Performance Buildings Database + United States + High Performance Buildings Database + United States + High Performance Buildings Database + United States + High Performance Buildings Database + United States + High Performance Buildings Database + United States + High Performance Buildings Database + United States + High Performance Buildings Database + United States +

337

Assessing the technical and economic performance of building integrated photovoltaics and their value to the GCC society  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper assesses the technical and economic performance of PV technology integrated into residential buildings in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries. It highlights the value of PV electricity for the GCC society from the perspective of consumers, utilities and environment. Through a systematic modelling analysis it is shown that the efficiency of PV system drops by 46% due to high range of module temperature and also a change in power output due to high ambient temperatures. Consequently, the outputs of horizontal and vertical PV modules are found to be less than estimates based on standard test conditions. Economically, this study shows that building integrated photovoltaic (BIPV) systems are not viable in GCC countries and cannot compete with conventional electricity sources on a unit cost basis. From a society point of view, however, the integration of PV technology into buildings would have several benefits for the GCC countries, including: first, savings in capital cost due to central power plants and transmission and distribution processes; second, an increase in the exported oil and natural gas used for electricity generation; and third, a reduction in the CO2 emissions from conventional power plants. When these considerations are taken into account then BIPV should become a feasible technology in GCC countries.

Steve Sharples; Hassan Radhi

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

The Energy Access Situation in Developing Countries | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy Access Situation in Developing Countries Energy Access Situation in Developing Countries Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: The Energy Access Situation in Developing Countries Agency/Company /Organization: World Health Organization (WHO), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Biomass, Energy Efficiency Topics: Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access, - Health Resource Type: Presentation, Technical report User Interface: Website Website: www.who.int/indoorair/publications/energyaccesssituation/en/index.html Cost: Free A Review focusing on the Least Developed Countries and Sub-Saharan Africa The "Energy Access Situation in Developing Countries - A Review focusing on the Least Developed Countries and Sub-Saharan Africa" report draws

339

Energy and development in Central America. Volume II. country assesments  

SciTech Connect

This volume presents a country-by-country energy assessment of six Central American countries: Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panama. For each country it includes an assessment of geographic, social, and economic aspects of energy development, an assessment of energy resources, current and projected energy use, potential strategies for energy development, and finally recommendations to USAID for the orientation of its energy development programs. Each country assessment is supplemented with a summary of energy R and D activities and a description of each country's energy-related institutions.

Park, W.; Neves, C.; Trehan, R.; Ackerman, E.; Gallagher, W.

1980-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Projection of world fossil fuels by country  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Detailed projections of world fossil fuel production including unconventional sources were created by country and fuel type to estimate possible future fossil fuel production. Four critical countries (China, USA, Canada and Australia) were examined in detail with projections made on the state/province level. Ultimately Recoverable Resources (URR) for fossil fuels were estimated for three scenarios: Low=48.4 ZJ, Best Guess (BG)=75.7 ZJ, High=121.5 ZJ. The scenarios were developed using Geologic Resources Supply-Demand Model (GeRS-DeMo). The Low and Best Guess (BG) scenarios suggest that world fossil fuel production may peak before 2025 and decline rapidly thereafter. The High scenario indicates that fossil fuels may have a strong growth till 2025 followed by a plateau lasting approximately 50years before declining. All three scenarios suggest that world coal production may peak before 2025 due to peaking Chinese production and that only natural gas could have strong growth in the future. In addition, by converting the fossil fuel projections to greenhouse gas emissions, the projections were compared to IPCC scenarios which indicated that based on current estimates of URR there are insufficient fossil fuels to deliver the higher emission IPCC scenarios \\{A1Fl\\} and RCP8.5.

S.H. Mohr; J. Wang; G. Ellem; J. Ward; D. Giurco

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "integration study country" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

India-CCAP Developing Country Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

India-CCAP Developing Country Project India-CCAP Developing Country Project Jump to: navigation, search Name India-Developing Country Project Agency/Company /Organization Center for Clean Air Policy Sector Climate, Energy Topics Background analysis, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.ccap.org/ Program Start 2006 Country India Southern Asia References Developing Country Project[1] India-Developing Country Project Screenshot Contents 1 Overview 2 Brazil 3 China 4 India 5 Indonesia 6 Mexico 7 References Overview "As the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) moves forward, it is critical that developing countries are ready and able to make significant progress toward reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. CCAP is helping developing countries prepare for and participate

342

China-CCAP Developing Country Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

China-CCAP Developing Country Project China-CCAP Developing Country Project Jump to: navigation, search Name China-Developing Country Project Agency/Company /Organization Center for Clean Air Policy Sector Climate, Energy Topics Background analysis, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.ccap.org/ Program Start 2006 Country China Eastern Asia References Developing Country Project[1] China-Developing Country Project Screenshot Contents 1 Overview 2 Brazil 3 China 4 India 5 Indonesia 6 Mexico 7 References Overview "As the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) moves forward, it is critical that developing countries are ready and able to make significant progress toward reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. CCAP is helping developing countries prepare for and participate

343

Brazil-CCAP Developing Country Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Brazil-CCAP Developing Country Project Brazil-CCAP Developing Country Project Jump to: navigation, search Name Brazil-Developing Country Project Agency/Company /Organization Center for Clean Air Policy Sector Climate, Energy Topics Background analysis, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.ccap.org/ Program Start 2006 Country Brazil South America References Developing Country Project[1] Brazil-Developing Country Project Screenshot Contents 1 Overview 2 Brazil 3 China 4 India 5 Indonesia 6 Mexico 7 References Overview "As the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) moves forward, it is critical that developing countries are ready and able to make significant progress toward reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. CCAP is helping developing countries prepare for and participate

344

Agricultural Biotechnology and Poverty Reduction in Low-income Countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Agricultural Biotechnology and Poverty Reduction in Low-income Countries GREGORY GRAFF, DAVID biotechnology innovation is concentrated in high income, ``Tier I'' countries, international diffusion. ? 2006 Published by Elsevier Ltd. Key words -- agriculture, biotechnology, globalization, innovation

Kammen, Daniel M.

345

Electricity reform in Chile : lessons for developing countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chile was the first country in the world to implement a comprehensive reform of its electricity sector in the recent period. Among developing countries only Argentina has had a comparably comprehensive and successful reform. ...

Pollitt, Michael G.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Building technological capability within satellite programs in developing countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Global participation in space activity is growing as satellite technology matures and spreads. Countries in Africa, Asia and Latin America are creating or reinvigorating national satellite programs. These countries are ...

Wood, Danielle Renee

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

En.lighten Country Lighting Assessments (CLAs) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

En.lighten Country Lighting Assessments (CLAs) En.lighten Country Lighting Assessments (CLAs) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: En.lighten Country Lighting Assessments (CLAs) Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Environment Programme Sector: Energy Focus Area: Energy Efficiency, Buildings Topics: Resource assessment Website: hqweb.enlighten-initiative.org/CountrySupport/CountryLightingAssessmen En.lighten Country Lighting Assessments (CLAs) Screenshot References: CLAs[1] Logo: En.lighten Country Lighting Assessments (CLAs) About "A large scale shift to efficient lighting is one of the most effective and economically advantageous means to combat climate change. In order to demonstrate the potential opportunities in terms of CO2 emissions reduction and financial economies to be realized by countries that adopt efficient

348

Initial Evaluation of CDM-type Projects in Developing Countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

International Development (DFID) for the benefit of developing countries. The views expressed are not necessarily those of the DFID.

Dr K. G; Begg Centre; Environmental Strategy

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Analysis and feasibility study of residential integrated heat and energy recovery ventilator with built-in economizer using an excel spreadsheet program  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Currently, heat recovery ventilator (HRV) and energy recovery ventilator (ERV) are commonly studied. Nevertheless, there is limited information regarding the dual-core approach energy recovery. This paper investigates the feasibility of an integrated HRV and ERV system, namely HERV, with a built-in economizer used in the residential sector to reduce dependency on furnace and air conditioning systems. In order to achieve this goal, an excel-based analysis tool was developed, providing a quick estimate of system performance and comparison with the HRV and ERV that are currently being used in research houses. The potential of integrated heat and energy recovery ventilator was evaluated based on its calculated operating cost ratio (OCR) and its payback period. Results collected for Vancouver and Toronto, corresponding to temperate and continental climate, indicated that the \\{OCRs\\} of the HERV were four times smaller than the ERV's, meaning that the proposed system was cost-efficient. It was also evidenced that the high demand on the economizer resulted in higher energy saving and shorter payback period of the system. In conclusion, the integrated HERV system with a built-in economizer could be a feasible option for both temperate and continental climates.

Junlong Zhang; Alan S. Fung; Sumeet Jhingan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Starting your career in Russia Country Guide for International Students  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Starting your career in Russia Country Guide for International Students #12;Country profile Main country, Russia. You stand at the beginning of an exciting career, but what are the steps you need to take provides you with practical advice about returning to work in Russia, to help you make a successful start

Neirotti, Juan Pablo

351

Coal prospects and policies in IEA countries, 1983 review  

SciTech Connect

This book reviews coal policies and prospects in IEA countries and major non-IEA coal exporting countries. It also considers demand, production, infrastructure, prices, and environment issues. The review also suggests ways to promote demand for coal as a way of improving energy security in IEA countries.

Not Available

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Lake Country Power | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Power Power Jump to: navigation, search Name Lake Country Power Place Minnesota Utility Id 10697 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location MRO NERC MRO Yes ISO MISO Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Cycled/Interruptible Air Conditioning Cycled Air (metered) Residential Cycled/Interruptible Air Conditioning Cycled Air (unmetered) Residential Heat Pumps Air-Source if Cycled Residential Heat Pumps Duel Fuel Residential Heat Pumps Ground Source Residential Residential Service Residential Space Heating Duel Fuel Residential

353

Systems Integration  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Through the SunShot Initiative, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) supports the development of innovative, cost-effective solutions that allow increasing amounts of solar energy to integrate...

354

Integration elements  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Market-based integration is simple: Do whatever you want, the rest is up to the market. This model of the individual and its relation to others best suits the logic of the consumer society ?self-orientation an...

Dr. Eric Dieth

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Procurement Integrity  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

employment with certain bidders or offerors. This chapter is intended to act as a primer for all DOE employees on issues related to procurement integrity. As such, not all...

356

Property:Component Integration | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Component Integration Component Integration Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type String. The allowed values for this property are: Customer Assembled Factory Integrated Pages using the property "Component Integration" Showing 22 pages using this property. D Distributed Generation Study/10 West 66th Street Corp + Customer Assembled + Distributed Generation Study/615 kW Waukesha Packaged System + Factory Integrated + Distributed Generation Study/Aisin Seiki G60 at Hooligans Bar and Grille + Customer Assembled + Distributed Generation Study/Arrow Linen + Customer Assembled + Distributed Generation Study/Dakota Station (Minnegasco) + Customer Assembled + Distributed Generation Study/Elgin Community College + Customer Assembled + Distributed Generation Study/Emerling Farm + Factory Integrated +

357

Energy Efficiency Country Study: Republic Of South Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

35 A NNEX 3. I NFORMATION ON H EAT P UMP REBATE PROGRAMby Eskom. Determines SOP rebate levels. Approve verificationAnnex 2. Information on SWH Rebate program details. TARGET

Can, Stephane de la Rue du

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Energy Efficiency Country Study: Republic Of South Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TECHNOLOGY ..UBLISHED S TANDARD O FFER TECHNOLOGY CATEGORY RATES IN R M /of Best Available Technology. Makonese, T. , Kimemia, D. , &

Can, Stephane de la Rue du

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Energy Efficiency Country Study: Republic Of South Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

50010:2011: Measurement and verification of energy savings.Energy Efficiency Measurement and Verification Practices inPerformance Measurement and Verification Protocol (IPMVP).

Can, Stephane de la Rue du

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Energy Efficiency Country Study: Republic Of South Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

For Implementing Demand Side Management. Briefing NotePalmer, I. (2011). Demand Side Management for ElectricityEfficiency and Demand Side Management (EEDSM) including

Can, Stephane de la Rue du

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "integration study country" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Energy Efficiency Country Study: Republic Of South Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

electricity production in South Africa relies heavily onwith about 94% of South Africas electricity generationMarquard, A. (2008). South Africas rapid electrification

Can, Stephane de la Rue du

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Wellbore Integrity Network  

SciTech Connect

In this presentation, we review the current state of knowledge on wellbore integrity as developed in the IEA Greenhouse Gas Programme's Wellbore Integrity Network. Wells are one of the primary risks to the successful implementation of CO{sub 2} storage programs. Experimental studies show that wellbore materials react with CO{sub 2} (carbonation of cement and corrosion of steel) but the impact on zonal isolation is unclear. Field studies of wells in CO{sub 2}-bearing fields show that CO{sub 2} does migrate external to casing. However, rates and amounts of CO{sub 2} have not been quantified. At the decade time scale, wellbore integrity is driven by construction quality and geomechanical processes. Over longer time-scales (> 100 years), chemical processes (cement degradation and corrosion) become more important, but competing geomechanical processes may preserve wellbore integrity.

Carey, James W. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Bachu, Stefan [Alberta Innovates

2012-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

363

Catalyzing Low Carbon Growth in Developing Countries | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Catalyzing Low Carbon Growth in Developing Countries Catalyzing Low Carbon Growth in Developing Countries Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Catalyzing Low Carbon Growth in Developing Countries: Public Finance Mechanisms to scale up private sector investment in climate solutions Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Environment Programme Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Energy Efficiency Topics: Finance, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Guide/manual Website: sefi.unep.org/fileadmin/media/sefi/docs/publications/PublicPrivateWeb. Catalyzing Low Carbon Growth in Developing Countries: Public Finance Mechanisms to scale up private sector investment in climate solutions Screenshot References: Catalyzing Low Carbon Growth in Developing Countries[1]

364

IEA Renewables in Southeast Asian Countries: Trends and Potentials | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Southeast Asian Countries: Trends and Potentials Southeast Asian Countries: Trends and Potentials Jump to: navigation, search Name IEA Renewables in Southeast Asian Countries: Trends and Potentials Agency/Company /Organization International Energy Agency Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, Biomass, Transportation Topics Market analysis, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type Publications Website http://www.iea.org/papers/2010 Country Indonesia, Thailand, Philippines, Vietnam, Singapore, Malaysia, Brunei, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar UN Region South-Eastern Asia References IEA Renewables in Southeast Asian Countries: Trends and Potentials[1] "A main focus of the report investigates the potentials and barriers for scaling up market penetration of renewable energy technologies (RETs) in

365

International Workshop on Small Scale Wind Energy for Developing Countries  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Scale Wind Energy for Developing Countries Scale Wind Energy for Developing Countries Jump to: navigation, search Name International Workshop on Small Scale Wind Energy for Developing Countries Agency/Company /Organization Risoe DTU Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, Wind Topics Implementation, Technology characterizations Resource Type Workshop, Training materials, Lessons learned/best practices Website http://www.risoe.dtu.dk/~/medi References International Workshop on Small Scale Wind Energy for Developing Countries[1] Background "The workshop covers the following main themes: Wind energy technologies, their perspectives and applications in developing countries. Reliability of wind turbines, lifetime and strength of wind turbine components. Low cost and natural materials for wind turbines.

366

NREL: Energy Systems Integration - Integrated Deployment Workshop  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Integrated Deployment Workshop Integrated Deployment Workshop The Energy Systems Integration Facility workshop, Integrated Deployment, was held August 21 - 23, 2012 at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory in Golden, Colorado. Each day of the workshop, which included a tour of the Energy Systems Integration Facility, focused on a different topic: Day 1: Utility-Scale Renewable Integration Day 2: Distribution-Level Integration Day 3: Isolated and Islanded Grid Systems The agenda and presentations from the workshop are below. Agenda Energy Systems Integration Facility Overview ESIF Technology Partnerships Integrated Deployment Model Integrated Deployment and the Energy Systems Integration Facility: Workshop Proceedings Printable Version Energy Systems Integration Home Research & Development

367

An Integrated Study of the Grayburg/San Andres Reservoir, Foster and South Cowden Fields, Ector County Texas  

SciTech Connect

For a part of the Foster and South Cowden (Grayburg-San Andres) oil fields, improvement in oil production has been accomplished, in part, by using ?pipeline fracturing? technology in the most recent completion to improve fluid flow rates, and filtration of waterflood injection water to preserve reservoir permeability. The 3D seismic survey acquired in conjunction with this DOE project has been used to calculate a 3D seismic inversion model, which has been analyzed to provide detailed maps of porosity within the productive upper 250 feet of the Grayburg Formation. Geologic data, particularly from logs and cores, have been combined with the geophysical interpretation and production history information to develop a model of the reservoir that defines estimations of remaining producible oil. The integrated result is greater than the sum of its parts, since no single data form adequately describes the reservoir. Each discipline relies upon computer software that runs on PC-type computers, allowing virtually any size company to affordably access the technology required to achieve similar results.

Richard Weinbrandt; Robert C. Trentham; William Robinson

1997-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

368

US EIA Country Energy Profiles | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

US EIA Country Energy Profiles US EIA Country Energy Profiles Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: US EIA Country Energy Profiles Agency/Company /Organization: United States Department of Energy Partner: United States Energy Information Agency Sector: Energy Topics: GHG inventory, Background analysis Website: tonto.eia.doe.gov/country/index.cfm Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/country-energy-profiles-website Language: English Policies: "Deployment Programs,Regulations,Financial Incentives" is not in the list of possible values (Deployment Programs, Financial Incentives, Regulations) for this property. References: US EIA Country Energy Profiles[1] This reegle website provides comprehensive energy profiles for all countries with information from reliable sources such as UN or the World

369

ORNL Global Change and Developing Country Programs | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ORNL Global Change and Developing Country Programs ORNL Global Change and Developing Country Programs (Redirected from Global Change and Developing Country Programs) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Global Change and Developing Country Programs Name Global Change and Developing Country Programs Agency/Company /Organization Oak Ridge National Laboratory Sector Energy Website http://www.esd.ornl.gov/eess/g References Global Change [1] "For more than twenty years, ORNL has been active in energy and environmental collaborations with developing countries. Projects have involved more than forty countries in Africa, Asia, Eastern Europe, Latin America and the Caribbean, and the Middle East; and they have included every major kind of energy technology and policy, along with a wide range of environmental technologies and policies." [1]

370

Framework of pipeline integrity management  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Pipeline integrity is the cornerstone of many industrial and engineering systems. This paper provides a review and analysis of pipeline integrity that will support professionals from industry who are investigating technical challenges of pipeline integrity. In addition, it will provide an overview for academia to understand the complete picture of pipeline integrity threats and techniques to deal with these threats. Pipeline threats are explained and failures are classified. Design practices are discussed using pressure criteria. Inspection techniques are studied and used as a basis for describing the corresponding integrity assessment techniques, which are linked with integrity monitoring and maintenance criteria. Finally, pipeline integrity management system design is presented using activity models, process models, and knowledge structures. The paper will be useful for further development of automated tools to support pipeline integrity management.

Hossam A. Gabbar; Hossam A. Kishawy

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

The dynamics of LCA adoption and integration in the firm The results of the case-studies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In section 5.1, we introduce the applied method and give an overview of the case-study selection. The following section 5.2 presents twelve summary reports of our case-studies1.... An overview of the application ...

Dr. Paolo Frankl; Frieder Rubik

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

integr~1  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7 7 AUDIT REPORT THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY' S MANAGEMENT OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT INTEGRATION MARCH 1998 U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL OFFICE OF AUDIT SERVICES DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Washington, DC 20585 MEMORANDUM FOR THE SECRETARY FROM: Gregory H. Friedman Principal Deputy Inspector General SUBJECT: INFORMATION : Audit Report on "Audit of the Department of Energy's Management of Research and Development Integration" BACKGROUND The Congress, independent task forces, and advisory groups have pointed out the need for the Department to improve its integration of research and development (R&D) projects. In the past, R&D management was carried out by different program offices with the research being

373

A Case Study of Wave Power Integration into the Ucluelet Area Electrical Grid Louise Anne St.Germain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and resulting device scaling. The results of the wave energy conversion with and without storage, as well ...................................................................................................... 9 2.3.5 Compressed air Wild Abstract Technologies exist that can capture and convert wave energy but there are few studies

Victoria, University of

374

HIV-1 Tat protein alter the tight junction integrity and function of retinal pigment epithelium: an in vitro study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

How HIV-1 enter into the eyes remains obscure. We postulated that HIV-1 Tat protein can alter the expression of specific ... the blood retinal barrier, and contributes to HIV trafficking into the eyes. This study...

Ling Bai; Zhenping Zhang; Hui Zhang; Xiumei Li; Qiurong Yu

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Integrating Variable Renewable Energy in Electric Power Markets: Best Practices from International Experience (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

Many countries--reflecting very different geographies, markets, and power systems--are successfully managing high levels of variable renewable energy (RE) on the grid. Australia (South Australia), Denmark, Germany, Ireland, Spain, and the United States (Colorado and Texas), for example, have effectively integrated variable RE utilizing diverse approaches. Analysis of the results from these case studies reveals a wide range of mechanisms that can be used to accommodate high penetrations of variable RE (e.g., from new market designs to centralized planning). Nevertheless, the myriad approaches collectively suggest that governments can best enable variable RE grid integration by implementing best practices in five areas of intervention: lead public engagement, particularly for new transmission; coordinate and integrate planning; develop rules for market evolution that enable system flexibility; expand access to diverse resources and geographic footprint of operations; and improve system operations.

Not Available

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Integrated System  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Integrated Window System Our research activities in the field of high performance windows have led us to conclude that even by using high performance insulating glass units, low conductivity frames, and warm edge spacers, there are still untapped sources for improving energy efficiency in the design and use of residential windows. While such high performance windows are a dramatic improvement over conventional units, they do not reduce conductive losses through wall framing around the window, offer guarantees against excessive wall/window infiltration nor do they adapt to the daily and seasonal potentials for night insulation and summer shading. To meet this need, we have been working on the design, development, and prototyping of Integrated Window Systems (IWS) since 1993. Integrated Window Systems are a form of panelized construction where the wall panel includes an operable or fixed window sash, recessed night insulation, integral solar shading, and is built in a factory setting in order to minimize thermal short circuits and infiltration at joints. IWSs can be built in modular lengths to facilitate their installation with conventional wood frame stick construction or other forms of panelized construction.

377

Access to Climate Change Technology by Developing Countries | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Access to Climate Change Technology by Developing Countries Access to Climate Change Technology by Developing Countries Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Access to Climate Change Technology by Developing Countries Agency/Company /Organization: International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development Sector: Energy, Land Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Finance, Implementation Resource Type: Publications, Guide/manual Website: ictsd.org/downloads/2009/11/access-to-climate-change-technology-by-dev Access to Climate Change Technology by Developing Countries Screenshot References: Developing Country-Access to CC Tech[1] "The paper critically examines various approaches that have been suggested for achieving greater access to climate change technology by developing countries, including compulsory licensing, patent pools, patent databases

378

ORNL Global Change and Developing Country Programs | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Change and Developing Country Programs Change and Developing Country Programs Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Global Change and Developing Country Programs Name Global Change and Developing Country Programs Agency/Company /Organization Oak Ridge National Laboratory Sector Energy Website http://www.esd.ornl.gov/eess/g References Global Change [1] "For more than twenty years, ORNL has been active in energy and environmental collaborations with developing countries. Projects have involved more than forty countries in Africa, Asia, Eastern Europe, Latin America and the Caribbean, and the Middle East; and they have included every major kind of energy technology and policy, along with a wide range of environmental technologies and policies." [1] References ↑ 1.0 1.1 Global Change Retrieved from

379

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #734: July 2, 2012 OPEC Countries  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4: July 2, 2012 4: July 2, 2012 OPEC Countries Represent Less Than Half of U.S. Petroleum Imports to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #734: July 2, 2012 OPEC Countries Represent Less Than Half of U.S. Petroleum Imports on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #734: July 2, 2012 OPEC Countries Represent Less Than Half of U.S. Petroleum Imports on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #734: July 2, 2012 OPEC Countries Represent Less Than Half of U.S. Petroleum Imports on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #734: July 2, 2012 OPEC Countries Represent Less Than Half of U.S. Petroleum Imports on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #734: July 2, 2012 OPEC Countries Represent Less Than Half of U.S. Petroleum Imports on Digg

380

Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets (Redirected from Ecofys Country Fact Sheets) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Ecofys Country Fact Sheets Agency/Company /Organization: Ecofys Sector: Energy, Land Topics: Background analysis, Baseline projection, GHG inventory, Policies/deployment programs Website: www.ecofys.com/files/files/ecofys_2011_country_factsheets_update.pdf Country: Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, China, Colombia, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, European Union, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, South Korea, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Malta, Mexico, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nigeria, Norway, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Venezuela

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "integration study country" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Building REDD Capacity in Developing Countries | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Building REDD Capacity in Developing Countries Building REDD Capacity in Developing Countries Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Building REDD Capacity in Developing Countries Agency/Company /Organization: International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD) Sector: Land Focus Area: Forestry Topics: Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Workshop, Lessons learned/best practices Website: www.iisd.org/climate/land_use/redd/ Country: Kenya, Vietnam Eastern Africa, South-Eastern Asia References: IISD Building REDD Capacity in Developing Countries[1] Background "To provide developing countries with this support, IISD has partnered with the Alternatives to Slash and Burn Partnership for the Tropical Forest Margins, World Agroforesty Centre (ASB-ICRAF), to deliver a series of

382

Hydroacoustic Studies Using HydroCAM - Station-centric Integration of Models and Observations Quarterly Report No. 2 January 2003 - March 2003  

SciTech Connect

OAK A271 Hydroacoustic Studies Using HydroCAM - Station-centric Integration of Models and Observations Quarterly Report No. 2 January 2003 - March 2003. BBN's work from January through March of 2003 was focused on data collection, data analysis and software development. We continued our efforts to collect ground truth hydroacoustic data from sub-sea earthquakes in the Indian Ocean. These data are recorded on the International Monitoring System stations at Diego Garcia and Cape Leeuwin. The software development effort spanned two areas. Fixing problems and making small improvements to HydroCAM based on meetings at AFTAC in September 2002. We have also begun development of the software that will integrate local high-resolution bathymetry into lower-resolution global bathymetry for acoustic path predictions in HydroCAM. We hope that this will improve HydroCAM's ability to predict acoustic blockage. Unfortunately, due to corporate travel restrictions stemming from the war with Iraq, BBN will not be able to participate in the International Hydroacoustics Meeting in Hobart, Tasmania in May. However, we plan to provide Phil Harben with material to present and we plan to participate in the annual Seismic Research Review in Arizona this September.

Pulli, Jay J.; Upton, Zachary M.

2003-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

383

TRISO Fuel Performance: Modeling, Integration into Mainstream Design Studies, and Application to a Thorium-fueled Fusion-Fission Hybrid Blanket  

SciTech Connect

This study focused on creating a new tristructural isotropic (TRISO) coated particle fuel performance model and demonstrating the integration of this model into an existing system of neutronics and heat transfer codes, creating a user-friendly option for including fuel performance analysis within system design optimization and system-level trade-off studies. The end product enables both a deeper understanding and better overall system performance of nuclear energy systems limited or greatly impacted by TRISO fuel performance. A thorium-fueled hybrid fusion-fission Laser Inertial Fusion Energy (LIFE) blanket design was used for illustrating the application of this new capability and demonstrated both the importance of integrating fuel performance calculations into mainstream design studies and the impact that this new integrated analysis had on system-level design decisions. A new TRISO fuel performance model named TRIUNE was developed and verified and validated during this work with a novel methodology established for simulating the actual lifetime of a TRISO particle during repeated passes through a pebble bed. In addition, integrated self-consistent calculations were performed for neutronics depletion analysis, heat transfer calculations, and then fuel performance modeling for a full parametric study that encompassed over 80 different design options that went through all three phases of analysis. Lastly, side studies were performed that included a comparison of thorium and depleted uranium (DU) LIFE blankets as well as some uncertainty quantification work to help guide future experimental work by assessing what material properties in TRISO fuel performance modeling are most in need of improvement. A recommended thorium-fueled hybrid LIFE engine design was identified with an initial fuel load of 20MT of thorium, 15% TRISO packing within the graphite fuel pebbles, and a 20cm neutron multiplier layer with beryllium pebbles in flibe molten salt coolant. It operated at a system power level of 2000 MW{sub th}, took about 3.5 years to reach full plateau power, and was capable of an End of Plateau burnup of 38.7 %FIMA if considering just the neutronic constraints in the system design; however, fuel performance constraints led to a maximum credible burnup of 12.1 %FIMA due to a combination of internal gas pressure and irradiation effects on the TRISO materials (especially PyC) leading to SiC pressure vessel failures. The optimal neutron spectrum for the thorium-fueled blanket options evaluated seemed to favor a hard spectrum (low but non-zero neutron multiplier thicknesses and high TRISO packing fractions) in terms of neutronic performance but the fuel performance constraints demonstrated that a significantly softer spectrum would be needed to decrease the rate of accumulation of fast neutron fluence in order to improve the maximum credible burnup the system could achieve.

Powers, J J

2011-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

384

INTEGRATED OUTCROP AND SUBSURFACE STUDIES OF THE INTERWELL ENVIRONMENT OF CARBONATE RESERVOIRS: CLEAR FORK (LEONARDIAN-AGE) RESERVOIRS, WEST TEXAS AND NEW MEXICO  

SciTech Connect

This is the final report of the project ''Integrated Outcrop and Subsurface Studies of the Interwell Environment of Carbonate Reservoirs: Clear Fork (Leonardian-Age) Reservoirs, West Texas and New Mexico'', Department of Energy contract no. DE-AC26-98BC15105 and is the third in a series of similar projects funded jointly by the U.S. Department of Energy and The University of Texas at Austin, Bureau of Economic Geology, Reservoir Characterization Research Laboratory for Carbonates. All three projects focus on the integration of outcrop and subsurface data for the purpose of developing improved methods for modeling petrophysical properties in the interwell environment. The first project, funded by contract no. DE-AC22-89BC14470, was a study of San Andres outcrops in the Algerita Escarpment, Guadalupe Mountains, Texas and New Mexico, and the Seminole San Andres reservoir, Permian Basin. This study established the basic concepts for constructing a reservoir model using sequence-stratigraphic principles and rock-fabric, petrophysical relationships. The second project, funded by contract no. DE-AC22-93BC14895, was a study of Grayburg outcrops in the Brokeoff Mountains, New Mexico, and the South Cowden Grayburg reservoir, Permian Basin. This study developed a sequence-stratigraphic succession for the Grayburg and improved methods for locating remaining hydrocarbons in carbonate ramp reservoirs. The current study is of the Clear Fork Group in Apache Canyon, Sierra Diablo Mountains, West Texas, and the South Wasson Clear Fork reservoir, Permian Basin. The focus was on scales of heterogeneity, imaging high- and low-permeability layers, and the impact of fractures on reservoir performance. In this study (1) the Clear Fork cycle stratigraphy is defined, (2) important scales of petrophysical variability are confirmed, (3) a unique rock-fabric, petrophysical relationship is defined, (4) a porosity method for correlating high-frequency cycles and defining rock-fabric flow layers is described, (5) Clear Fork fractures are described and geomechanical modeling of fractures is investigated, and (6) most importantly, new statistical methods are developed for scaleup of petrophysical properties from the core to the layer scale and for retaining stratigraphic layering in simulation models.

F. Jerry Lucia

2002-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

385

Global Climate Change, Developing Countries and Transport Sector Options in South Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on Global Climate Change: Developing Countries and Transporton Global Climate Change: Developing Countries and Transporton Global Climate Change: Developing Countries and Transport

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

A Multi-Country Analysis of Lifecycle Emissions From Transportation Fuels and Motor Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy Agency, Energy Policies of IEA Countries, Japan 1999Energy Agency, Energy Policies of IEA Countries, Germanyfrom IEAs Energy Policies of IEA Countries Japan 1999

Delucchi, Mark

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

A MULTI-COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF LIFECYCLE EMISSIONS FROM TRANSPORTATION FUELS AND MOTOR VEHICLES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy Agency, Energy Policies of IEA Countries, Japan 1999Energy Agency, Energy Policies of IEA Countries, Germanyfrom IEAs Energy Policies of IEA Countries Japan 1999

Delucchi, Mark

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

The Cost to Developing Countries of Adapting to Climate Change...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

to Climate Change Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: The Cost to Developing Countries of Adapting to Climate Change AgencyCompany Organization:...

389

Indonesia-CCAP Developing Country Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

are ready and able to make significant progress toward reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. CCAP is helping developing countries prepare for and participate in UNFCCC...

390

DOE Announces Webinars on Climate Change Impacts and Indian Country...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Impacts and Indian Country: Built Systems and Other Infrastructure Webinar sponsors: White House Office of Public Engagement, White House Council on Environmental Quality, and...

391

Finacial liberalisation and sustainable economic growth in ECOWAS countries .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The thesis examines the comprehensive relationship between all aspects of financial liberalisation and economic growth in three countries from the Economic Community of West African (more)

Owusu, Erasmus Labri

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Numerical modeling of multiphase plumes: a comparative study between two-fluid and mixed-fluid integral models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-field effects of a multiphase plume of liquid CO2 droplets in ocean water finds potential in estimating the environmental risks involved due to deep-ocean sequestration of greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide, which is one of the proposed alternatives (Liro... for the diffuser orifice diameter, air-flow rate and the number of such ports necessary to dissolve a measured quantity of air in a given time of operation will also be studied. 3.3. Case 3: CO2 Sequestration in the Ocean Sequestration of carbon dioxide and other...

Bhaumik, Tirtharaj

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Analysis of the effects of integrating wind turbines into a conventional utility: a case study. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The impact on a utility incorporating wind turbine generation due to wind speed sampling frequency, wind turbine performance model, and wind speed forecasting accuracy is examined. The utility analyzed in the study was the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power and the wind turbine assumed was the MOD-2. The sensitivity of the economic value of wind turbine generation to wind speed sampling frequency and wind turbine modeling technique is examined as well as the impact of wind forecasting accuracy on utility operation and production costs. Wind speed data from San Gorgonio Pass, California during 1979 are used to estimate wind turbine performance using four different simulation methods. (LEW)

Goldenblatt, M.K.; Wegley, H.L.; Miller, A.H.

1982-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Analysis of the effects of integrating wind turbines into a conventional utility: a case study. Revised final report  

SciTech Connect

The impact on a utility incorporating wind turbine generation due to wind speed sampling frequency, wind turbine performance model, and wind speed forecasting accuracy is examined. The utility analyzed in this study was the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power, and the wind turbine assumed was the MOD-2. The sensitivity of the economic value of wind turbine generation to wind speed sampling frequency and wind turbine modeling technique is examined as well as the impact of wind forecasting accuracy on utility operation and production costs. Wind speed data from San Gorgonio Pass, California during 1979 are used to estimate wind turbine performance using four different simulation methods. (LEW)

Goldenblatt, M.K.; Wegley, H.L.; Miller, A.H.

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Feasibility study of solid oxide fuel cell engines integrated with sprinter gas turbines: Modeling, design and control  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Conventional recuperating solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC)/gas turbine (GT) system suffers from its poor dynamic capability and load following performance. To meet the fast, safe and efficient load following requirements for mobile applications, a sprinter SOFC/GT system concept is proposed in this paper. In the proposed system, an SOFC stack operating at fairly constant temperature provides the baseline power with high efficiency while the fast dynamic capability of the GT-generator is fully explored for fast dynamic load following. System design and control studies have been conducted by using an SOFC/GT system model consisting of experimentally-verified component models. In particular, through analysis of the steady-state simulation results, an SOFC operation strategy is proposed to maintain fairly constant SOFC power (less than 2% power variation) and temperature (less than 2K temperature variation) over the entire load range. A system design procedure well-suited to the proposed system has also been developed to help determining component sizes and the reference steady-state operation line. In addition, control analysis has been studied for both steady-state and transient operations. Simulation results suggest that the proposed system holds the promise to achieve fast and safe transient operations by taking full advantage of the fast dynamics of the GT-generator.

Zhenzhong Jia; Jing Sun; Herb Dobbs; Joel King

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Currently, in countries where automobiles are moving on the right, drivers are required to drive in the rightmost lane. To overtake another vehicle, they move one lane to the left, pass, and return to their  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Summary Currently, in countries where automobiles are moving on the right, drivers are required automobiles travel on the left. Finally, in "Further Thinking", we try to integrate more factors to improve February 11, 2014 Abstract Currently, in countries where automobiles are moving on the right, drivers

Morrow, James A.

397

Electricity consumption and human development level: A comparative analysis based on panel data for 50 countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract As a representative of modern energy, the level of electricity consumption can be regarded as an appraisal criterion of a countrys development level. This study analyses the causality between electricity consumption and human development and assesses the changing trend of electricity consumption. The models in this study are established using panel data from 19902009 for 50 countries divided into four groups according to income. For human development indicators, per-capita GDP, consumption expenditure, urbanisation rate, life expectancy at birth and the adult literacy rate were selected. The results show that long-run bidirectional causality exists between electricity consumption and five indicators. Additionally, the higher the income of a country, the greater is its electricity consumption and the higher is its level of human development. Further, the variables of four income-groupings vary considerably. Specifically, as income increases, the contribution of electricity consumption to GDP and consumption expenditure increases, but the urbanisation rate, life expectancy at birth and adult literacy rate present a weakening trend. This mainly because that the latter indicators in high-income countries are increasing to converge. To improve human development, electricity should be incorporated into the basic public services construction to enhance the availability of electricity for low-income residents.

Shuwen Niu; Yanqin Jia; Wendie Wang; Renfei He; Lili Hu; Yan Liu

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

The nexus of electricity consumption, economic growth and CO2 emissions in the BRICS countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This study reexamines the causal link between electricity consumption, economic growth and CO2 emissions in the BRICS countries (i.e., Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa) for the period 19902010, using panel causality analysis, accounting for dependency and heterogeneity across countries. Regarding the electricityGDP nexus, the empirical results support evidence on the feedback hypothesis for Russia and the conservation hypothesis for South Africa. However, a neutrality hypothesis holds for Brazil, India and China, indicating neither electricity consumption nor economic growth is sensitive to each other in these three countries. Regarding the GDPCO2 emissions nexus, a feedback hypothesis for Russia, a one-way Granger causality running from GDP to CO2 emissions in South Africa and reverse relationship from CO2 emissions to GDP in Brazil is found. There is no evidence of Granger causality between GDP and CO2 emissions in India and China. Furthermore, electricity consumption is found to Granger cause CO2 emissions in India, while there is no Granger causality between electricity consumption and CO2 emissions in Brazil, Russia, China and South Africa. Therefore, the differing results for the BRICS countries imply that policies cannot be uniformly implemented as they will have different effects in each of the BRICS countries under study.

Wendy N. Cowan; Tsangyao Chang; Roula Inglesi-Lotz; Rangan Gupta

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Integrated seismic study of naturally fractured tight gas reservoirs. Technical progress report, January 1, 1994--March 31, 1994  

SciTech Connect

The study area is located at the southern end of the Powder River Basin in Converse County in east-central Wyoming. It is a low permeability fractured site, with both gas and oil present. Reservoirs are highly compartmentalized due to the low permeabilities, and fractures provide the only practical drainage paths for production. The two formations of interest are: The Niobrara, a fractured shale and limey shale to chalk, which is a reservoir rock, but also its own source rock; and the Frontier, a tight sandstone lying directly below the Niobrara, brought into contact with it by an unconformity. This was the tenth quarter of the contract. During this quarter the investigators (1) continued processing the seismic data, and (2) continued modeling some of the P-wave amplitude anomalies that we see in the data.

Mavko, G.; Nur, A.

1994-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

400

Integrated seismic study of naturally fractured tight gas reservoirs. Technical progress report, October 1, 1993--December 31, 1993  

SciTech Connect

This was the ninth quarter of the contract. During this quarter we (1) continued processing the seismic data, (2) collected additional logs to aid in the interpretation, and (3)began modeling some of the P-wave amplitude anomalies that we see in the data. The study area is located at the southern end of the powder river Basin in Converse county in east-central Wyoming. It is a low permeability fractured site, with both has and oil present. Reservoirs are highly compartmentalized due tot he low permeabilities, and fractures provide the only practical drainage paths for production. The two formations of interest are: The Niobrara; a fractured shale and limey shale to chalk, which is a reservoir rock, but also its own source rock. The Frontier, a tight sandstone lying directly below the Niobrara, brought into contract with it by an unconformity.

Mavko, G.; Nur, A.

1994-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "integration study country" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Air Pollution & Health in Rapidly Developing Countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

For example, Air Pollution and Health Studies in theAssessment of Air Pollution and Health is illustrative inReview: Air Pollution & Health in Rapidly Developing

Bucher, Scott

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Integrated seismic study of naturally fractured tight gas reservoirs. Technical progress report, January 1, 1993--March 31, 1993  

SciTech Connect

During this quarter we (1) received the last of the field tapes and survey information for the seismic field data acquisition which was finished at the very end of the previous quarter, (2) began the large task of processing the seismic data, (3) collected well logs and other informination to aid in the interpretation, and (4) initiated some seismic modeling studies. As already reported, the field data acquisition was at Amoco`s Powder River Basin site in southeast Wyoming. This is a low permeability fractured site, with both gas and oil present. The reservoir is highly compartmentalized, due to the low permeability, with the fractures providing the only practical drainage paths for production. The two formations of interest are: The Niobrara: a fractured shale and limey shale to chalk, which is a reservoir rock, but also its own source rock. The Frontier: a tight sandstone lying directly below the Niobrara, brought into contact with it by an unconformity. The fractures are thought to lie in a roughly northwest-southeast trend, along the strike of a flexure, which forms one of the boundaries of the basin.

Mavko, G.; Nur, A.

1993-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

403

Climate Change Uncertainty and Skepticism: A Cross-Country Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Climate Change Uncertainty and Skepticism: A Cross-Country Analysis Skepticism about climate change for other countries. · Skepticism and uncertainty are related but different aspects of climate change perceptions. In the literature, skepticism often relates to whether people believe climate change is happening

Hall, Sharon J.

404

Jordan: A Refugee Haven ---Country Profile Graldine Chatelard  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jordan: A Refugee Haven --- Country Profile Géraldine Chatelard August 2010, Migration Information Jordan since the Palestinian exodus of 1948 has played a key role in the country's politics, economy's Hashemite monarchy to ensure its own stability. Jordan is a case in point for how various forms of mobility

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

405

DISTRIBUTION OF TRANSNATIONAL TERRORISM AMONG COUNTRIES BY INCOME  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DISTRIBUTION OF TRANSNATIONAL TERRORISM AMONG COUNTRIES BY INCOME CLASSES AND GEOGRAPHY AFTER 9 and Economic Analysis of Terrorism Events University of Southern California Los Angeles, California 3710 Mc;DISTRIBUTION OF TRANSNATIONAL TERRORISM AMONG COUNTRIES BY INCOME CLASSES AND GEOGRAPHY AFTER 9/11 by Walter

Wang, Hai

406

Does economic development drive the fertility rebound in OECD countries?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Does economic development drive the fertility rebound in OECD countries? Angela Luci, Olivier Thévenon 167 2010 #12;2 #12;3 Does economic development drive the fertility rebound in OECD countries.thevenon@ined.fr We examine how far changes in fertility trends are related to ongoing economic development in OECD

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

407

New Technology, Human Capital and Growth for Developing Countries.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

New Technology, Human Capital and Growth for Developing Countries. Cuong Le Van, Manh-Hung Nguyen country with three sectors in economy: con- sumption goods, new technology, and education. Productivity of the con- sumption goods sector depends on new technology and skilled labor used for production of the new

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

408

Provision of chlamydia testing, and training of primary health care staff about chlamydia testing, across four European countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The objectives of this study were to describe and compare chlamydia testing provided by general practitioners (GPs) in four selected European countries with well-developed primary health care systems and high ...

Anneli Uuskla; Ellie J Ricketts; Claire Rugman; Ruth R Kalda

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

The risk is in the relationship (not the country): Political risk management in the uranium industry in Kazakhstan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

How do we account for multinational energy companies that are able to operate in risky political environments? While traditional risk indices may tell us why a country is considered a difficult operating environment, they tell us very little about why some multinationals are neverthelessly able to operate successfully in such countries over long periods of time. In fact, risk indices by their very nature make success almost impossible to capture due to their sole focus on country behavior. In reality, when a multinational energy company enters into a given country, the firm establishes relationships with a series of stakeholders, not a single host country entity; further, the behaviors of those stakeholders (good or bad) do not exist in a vacuum, but rather are largely influenced by the multinational's own behavior. In other words, the risk is in the relationship between the firm and the country's stakeholders. This article argues that success is therefore a function of the firm's ability to manage relationships among a variety of stakeholders within a given country. A case study of Cameco, a Canadian-based uranium mining multinational which has been operating in the politically risky country of Kazakhstan for two decades, bears this out.

J. Edward Conway

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Advancing Clean Energy in Indian Country | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Advancing Clean Energy in Indian Country Advancing Clean Energy in Indian Country Advancing Clean Energy in Indian Country November 7, 2011 - 3:16pm Addthis Office of Indian Energy Policy and Programs Director Tracey LeBeau meets with tribal leaders from across the United States in Portland, Oregon to discuss how to advance clean energy deployment in Indian Country. | The National Conference of State Legislatures Office of Indian Energy Policy and Programs Director Tracey LeBeau meets with tribal leaders from across the United States in Portland, Oregon to discuss how to advance clean energy deployment in Indian Country. | The National Conference of State Legislatures Tracey A. LeBeau Director, Office of Indian Energy Policy & Programs Last week, I attended the National Congress for American Indians (NCAI)

411

Reforming Power Markets in Developing Countries | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Reforming Power Markets in Developing Countries Reforming Power Markets in Developing Countries Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Reforming Power Markets in Developing Countries Agency/Company /Organization: World Bank Sector: Energy Focus Area: Conventional Energy, Renewable Energy Topics: Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Publications, Lessons learned/best practices Website: siteresources.worldbank.org/INTENERGY/Resources/Energy19.pdf References: Reforming Power Markets in Developing Countries [1] Summary "This paper complements the World Bank's Operational Guidance Note by compiling lessons of this experience that help in applying the Note's guidance. These lessons are taken from the rapidly growing literature on power market reform in developing countries. They cover the range of issues

412

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Countries Countries Glossary › FAQS › Overview Data Reports Analysis Briefs Countries Algeria Angola Argentina Australia Azerbaijan Brazil Canada China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Ecuador Egypt Gabon India Indonesia Iran Iraq Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kuwait Libya Malaysia Mexico Nigeria Norway Oman Qatar Russia Saudi Arabia Singapore South Africa Sudan and South Sudan Syria Thailand Turkey United Arab Emirates United Kingdom Venezuela Yemen Regional Caribbean Caspian Sea East China Sea Eastern Mediterranean Middle East & North Africa South China Sea Special Topics Emerging East Africa Energy OPEC Revenues Fact Sheet World Oil Transit Chokepoints World Regions Oil Production Oil Consumption Proved Reserves Click country for more information | Zoom Out | Zoom to: Zoom to Country: Afghanistan Albania Algeria American Samoa Angola

413

Building MRV Standards and Capacity in Key Countries | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

MRV Standards and Capacity in Key Countries MRV Standards and Capacity in Key Countries Jump to: navigation, search Name Building MRV Standards and Capacity in Key Countries Agency/Company /Organization World Resources Institute (WRI) Sector Climate Focus Area Renewable Energy Topics Implementation Website http://www.wri.org/topics/mrv Program Start 2011 Program End 2014 Country Brazil, Colombia, Ethiopia, India, South Africa, Thailand South America, South America, Eastern Africa, Southern Asia, Southern Africa, South-Eastern Asia References World Resources Institute (WRI)[1] Program Overview Developing countries will be required to measure, report, and verify (MRV) mitigation actions according to international guidelines, but few have the capacity to do so. The goal of this project is to build the capacity of a

414

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Countries Countries Glossary › FAQS › Overview Data Reports Analysis Briefs Countries Algeria Angola Argentina Australia Azerbaijan Brazil Canada China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Ecuador Egypt Gabon India Indonesia Iran Iraq Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kuwait Libya Malaysia Mexico Nigeria Norway Oman Qatar Russia Saudi Arabia Singapore South Africa Sudan and South Sudan Syria Thailand Turkey United Arab Emirates United Kingdom Venezuela Yemen Regional Caribbean Caspian Sea East China Sea Eastern Mediterranean Middle East & North Africa South China Sea Special Topics Emerging East Africa Energy OPEC Revenues Fact Sheet World Oil Transit Chokepoints World Regions Oil Production Oil Consumption Proved Reserves Click country for more information | Zoom Out | Zoom to: Zoom to Country: Afghanistan Albania Algeria American Samoa Angola

415

Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Ecofys Country Fact Sheets Agency/Company /Organization: Ecofys Sector: Energy, Land Topics: Background analysis, Baseline projection, GHG inventory, Policies/deployment programs Website: www.ecofys.com/files/files/ecofys_2011_country_factsheets_update.pdf Country: Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, China, Colombia, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, European Union, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, South Korea, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Malta, Mexico, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nigeria, Norway, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Venezuela

416

Assess current country plans, policies, practices, and capacities | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Assess current country plans, policies, practices, and capacities Assess current country plans, policies, practices, and capacities Jump to: navigation, search Stage 2 LEDS Home Introduction to Framework Assess current country plans, policies, practices, and capacities Develop_BAU Stage 4: Prioritizing and Planning for Actions Begin execution of implementation plans 1.0. Organizing the LEDS Process 1.1. Institutional Structure for LEDS 1.2. Workplan to Develop the LEDS 1.3. Roles and responsibilities to develop LEDS 2.1. Assess current country plans, policies, practices, and capacities 2.2. Compile lessons learned and good practices from ongoing and previous sustainable development efforts in the country 2.3. Assess public and private sector capacity to support initiatives 2.4. Assess and improve the national GHG inventory and other

417

Assessment of Biomass Resources from Marginal Lands in APEC Countries |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

from Marginal Lands in APEC Countries from Marginal Lands in APEC Countries Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Assessment of Biomass Resources from Marginal Lands in APEC Countries Name Assessment of Biomass Resources from Marginal Lands in APEC Countries Agency/Company /Organization National Renewable Energy Laboratory Sector Energy Focus Area Biomass Topics Resource assessment Resource Type Dataset, Maps, Publications Website http://www.biofuels.apec.org/p Country Australia, Brunei, Canada, Chile, China, Indonesia, Japan, South Korea, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Philippines, Russia, Chinese Taipei, Thailand, United States, Vietnam Australia and New Zealand, South-Eastern Asia, Northern America, South America, Eastern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Eastern Asia, Eastern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Central America, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, South America, South-Eastern Asia, Eastern Europe, , South-Eastern Asia, Northern America, South-Eastern Asia

418

Mexico-CCAP Developing Country Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

form form View source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Mexico-CCAP Developing Country Project Jump to: navigation, search Name Mexico-Developing Country Project Agency/Company /Organization Center for Clean Air Policy Sector Climate, Energy Topics Background analysis, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.ccap.org/ Program Start 2006 Country Mexico Central America References Developing Country Project[1] Mexico-Developing Country Project Screenshot Contents 1 Overview 2 Brazil 3 China 4 India 5 Indonesia 6 Mexico 7 References Overview "As the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)

419

Radioactive Waste Management in Non-Nuclear Countries - 13070  

SciTech Connect

This paper challenges internationally accepted concepts of dissemination of responsibilities between all stakeholders involved in national radioactive waste management infrastructure in the countries without nuclear power program. Mainly it concerns countries classified as class A and potentially B countries according to International Atomic Energy Agency. It will be shown that in such countries long term sustainability of national radioactive waste management infrastructure is very sensitive issue that can be addressed by involving regulatory body in more active way in the infrastructure. In that way countries can mitigate possible consequences on the very sensitive open market of radioactive waste management services, comprised mainly of radioactive waste generators, operators of end-life management facilities and regulatory body. (authors)

Kubelka, Dragan; Trifunovic, Dejan [SORNS, Frankopanska 11, HR-10000 Zagreb (Croatia)] [SORNS, Frankopanska 11, HR-10000 Zagreb (Croatia)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Modelling Agricultural Trade and Policy Impacts in Less Developed Countries  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Modelling Agricultural Trade and Policy Impacts in Less Developed Countries Modelling Agricultural Trade and Policy Impacts in Less Developed Countries Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Modelling Agricultural Trade and Policy Impacts in Less Developed Countries Agency/Company /Organization: Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development Sector: Land Focus Area: Agriculture Topics: Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Software/modeling tools Website: www.oecd.org/dataoecd/39/39/42122112.pdf Modelling Agricultural Trade and Policy Impacts in Less Developed Countries Screenshot References: Modelling Ag Policy[1] Overview "The role of agricultural policies in addressing the development needs of poorer countries is high on the political agenda, for both structural reasons and as a result of recent market developments. In the first place,

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "integration study country" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Green Light for Renewables in Developing Countries | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Green Light for Renewables in Developing Countries Green Light for Renewables in Developing Countries Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Green Light for Renewables in Developing Countries Agency/Company /Organization: Alliance for Rural Electrification Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy Phase: Create a Vision Resource Type: Publications User Interface: Website Website: www.ruralelec.org/fileadmin/DATA/Documents/06_Publications/Position_pa Cost: Free Language: English The publication "Green light for renewable energies in developing countries" underpins how development and access to electricity are intertwined. The publication "Green light for renewable energies in developing countries" underpins how development and access to electricity are intertwined. It highlights the pros and cons of various technologies. Cost breakdowns

422

Ethics & Integrity Presented by  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ethics & Integrity Presented by Chris Loschiavo Assistant Dean and Director Student Conduct · Ethics Activity · Introduction to Ethics · Case Studies · Conclusions/ Questions #12;UF Student Code;Introduction to Ethics #12;Defining the Term "Ethics" · The term "ethics" comes from the Latin word "ethica

Roy, Subrata

423

TRISO Fuel Performance: Modeling, Integration into Mainstream Design Studies, and Application to a Thorium-fueled Fusion-Fission Hybrid Blanket  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantification in Fuel Performance Modeling . . . . . . .3.4 Integration with Fuel Performance Calculations ivmicroscopic image of a TRISO fuel particle cracked open to

Powers, Jeffrey

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Global Banks Marketing Communication in Jordan: Standardisation or Adaptation Developing an Effective Integrated Marketing Communication Model to Target the Jordanian Market: A Study of Global Banks in Jordan.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This research is concerned with international Integrated Marketing Communications (IMC) by global banks targeting a Jordanian audience. The main research question addressed in this work (more)

Samawi, Jamil Nazih

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Resource-Conserving Agriculture Increases Yields in Developing Countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Postal 6-641, 06600 Mexico, Mexico, and International Project Office for Monsoon Asia Integrated Regional Study, Institute for Atmospheric Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P.O. ... The critical priority is now international, national, and local policy and institutional reforms (41) designed to benefit both food security and income growth at national and households levels, while improving the supply of critical technologies that improve the supply of environmental goods and services. ... matter and above-ground biomass; (ii) avoiding carbon emissions from farms by reducing direct and indirect energy use; and (iii) increasing renewable-energy prodn. ...

J. N. Pretty; A. D. Noble; D. Bossio; J. Dixon; R. E. Hine; F. W. T. Penning de Vries; J. I. L. Morison

2005-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

426

NREL: Transmission Grid Integration - Wind Integration Datasets  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Wind Integration Datasets The Wind Integration Datasets provide energy professionals with a consistent set of wind profiles for the eastern United States and the western United...

427

Integrating Program Component Executables  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Integrating Integrating Program Component Executables on Distributed Memory Architectures via MPH Chris Ding and Yun He Computational Research Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA chqding@lbl.gov, yhe@lbl.gov Abstract A growing trend in developing large and complex ap- plications on today's Teraflop computers is to integrate stand-alone and/or semi-independent program components into a comprehensive simulation package. One example is the climate system model which consists of atmosphere, ocean, land-surface and sea-ice. Each component is semi- independent and has been developed at different institu- tions. We study how this multi-component multi-executable application can run effectively on distributed memory archi- tectures. We identify five effective execution modes and de- velop the MPH library to support

428

An evaluation of integrated-gasification-combined-cycle and pulverized-coal-fired steam plants: Volume 1, Base case studies: Final report  

SciTech Connect

An evaluation of the performance and costs for a Texaco-based integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) power plant as compared to a conventional pulverized coal-fired steam (PCFS) power plant with flue gas desulfurization (FGD) is provided. A general set of groundrules was used within which each plant design was optimized. The study incorporated numerous sensitivity cases along with up-to-date operating and cost data obtained through participation of equipment vendors and process developers. Consequently, the IGCC designs presented in this study use the most recent data available from Texaco's ongoing international coal gasification development program and General Electric's continuing gas turbine development efforts. The Texaco-based IGCC has advantages over the conventional PCFS technology with regard to environmental emissions and natural resource requirements. SO/sub 2/, NOx, and particulate emissions are lower. Land area and water requirements are less for IGCC concepts. Coal consumption is less due to the higher plant thermal efficiency attainable in the IGCC plant. The IGCC plant also has the capability to be designed in several different configurations, with and without the use of natural gas or oil as a backup fuel. This capability may prove to be particularly advantageous in certain utility planning and operation scenarios. 107 figs., 114 tabs.

Pietruszkiewicz, J.; Milkavich, R.J.; Booras, G.S.; Thomas, G.O.; Doss, H.

1988-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

An empirical analysis on prospects and challenges of BIMSTEC-Japan trade integration  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Seven-nation Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multisectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC), comprising Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Thailand is emerging as one of the major subregional groups in Asia. Japan is the second largest trading partner for BIMSTEC countries. The paper discusses prospects and challenges for strengthening BIMSTEC countries and Japan's trade integration. It analyzes the trends and patterns of BIMSTEC-Japan trade. Further, it examines empirically whether BIMSTEC-Japan economic cooperation will increase intraregional trade using a gravity model. Japan-BIMSTEC cooperation will increase intraregional trade but not uniformly for all countries. The potential losses on trade for some countries will be compensated by gains in other areas, such as, stepped-up resource transfer, foreign direct investment flows, technology transfer, and market access to services. This integration will strengthen the trade link between South Asian and Southeast Asian countries and will contribute towards a pan-Asian integration.

Swapan K. Bhattacharya; Biswa N. Bhattacharyay

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Wind power planning and permitting: Comparative perspectives from the Nordic countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The purpose of this paper is to analyze and compare some important institutional and legal preconditions for wind power development in three Nordic countries: Denmark, Norway and Sweden. In the paper a number of historical, institutional and policy-related differences across these countries are highlighted, but most attention is paid to the various territorial planning procedures. The analysis suggests that although public economic support to wind power is necessary to promote its diffusion in the electricity system, similar policy instruments in terms of both size and design can induce significantly different developments depending on the legal preconditions for the location and environmental assessment of windmills. The success and failure stories of technology support policies can thus not easily be transferred across country borders. An important conclusion is that in comparison to Sweden the physical planning systems in both Denmark and Norway provide greater scope for implementing a national wind power policy at the local level. For instance, the Danish planning system is vertically integrated, and involves a designation of areas for wind power purposes in the local plans, while the municipalities in Sweden must in some way assent to (i.e., plan for) the establishment of windmills at a certain location in order for the installation to actually take place. Compared to its competitors, wind power is one of the power-generating technologies that tend to have the most to lose from the uncertainties created by planning regulations that leave much discretion to local authorities.

Maria Pettersson; Kristina Ek; Kristina Sderholm; Patrik Sderholm

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Vertical Integration and Technology: Theory and Evidence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the determinants of vertical integration. We first derive a number of predictions regarding the relationship between technology intensity and vertical integration from a simple incomplete contracts model. Then, ...

Acemoglu, Daron

432

Empirical Analysis of the Variability of Wind Generation in India: Implications for Grid Integration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Operations: A Review of Wind Integration Studies to Date. Analysis of Impacts of Wind Integration in the Tamil Nadu2009. Calculating Wind Integration Costs: Separating Wind

Phadke, Amol

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Understanding Variability and Uncertainty of Photovoltaics for Integration with the Electric Power System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

et al. , 2007. Utility Wind Integration and Operating ImpactThe Western Wind and Solar Integration Study . Golden, CO:Association, the Utility Wind Integration Group, and the

Mills, Andrew

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

High Country Rose Greenhouses Greenhouse Low Temperature Geothermal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Country Rose Greenhouses Greenhouse Low Temperature Geothermal Country Rose Greenhouses Greenhouse Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name High Country Rose Greenhouses Greenhouse Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility High Country Rose Greenhouses Sector Geothermal energy Type Greenhouse Location Helena, Montana Coordinates 46.6002123°, -112.0147188° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

435

Mainstreaming Building Energy Efficiency Codes in Developing Countries:  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mainstreaming Building Energy Efficiency Codes in Developing Countries: Mainstreaming Building Energy Efficiency Codes in Developing Countries: Global Experiences and Lessons from Early Adopters Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Mainstreaming Building Energy Efficiency Codes in Developing Countries: Global Experiences and Lessons from Early Adopters Agency/Company /Organization: World Bank Sector: Energy Focus Area: Energy Efficiency, Buildings Topics: Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Lessons learned/best practices Website: www.ecn.nl/fileadmin/ecn/units/bs/IEC/LCDS_presentation_082010.pdf Mainstreaming Building Energy Efficiency Codes in Developing Countries: Global Experiences and Lessons from Early Adopters Screenshot References: Building Energy Efficiency[1] Summary "This report summarizes the findings of an extensive literature survey of

436

Hyannis Country Garden Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wind Farm Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Hyannis Country Garden Wind Farm Facility Hyannis Country Garden Sector Wind energy Facility Type Small Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Hyannis Country Garden Energy Purchaser Hyannis Country Garden Location Hyannis MA Coordinates 41.6356667°, -70.2994661° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.6356667,"lon":-70.2994661,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

437

Indian Country Energy and Infrastructure Working Group | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Country Energy and Infrastructure Working Group Country Energy and Infrastructure Working Group Indian Country Energy and Infrastructure Working Group The Indian Country Energy and Infrastructure Working Group (ICEIWG) has been established to work collaboratively with the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Indian Energy Policy and Programs to assist in surveys, analysis, and recommendations related to those program and policy initiatives required to fulfill the DOE statutory authorizations and requirements of Title V of the Energy Policy Act of 2005. About ICEIWG Secretary Steven Chu announced the creation of the Working Group in May 2011 as an initiative to establish a working group of tribal government leaders and DOE to survey, analyze, and provide feedback to the DOE on its policy and program initiatives to meet the goals and programmatic

438

&#8220;Sustainable development of hydropower in third countries: The  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Sustainable development of hydropower in third countries: Sustainable development of hydropower in third countries: The development of hydropower on a sustainable basis has been an array of humanitarian and economic development, especially for local people as well as an important tool in the fight agains “Sustainable development of hydropower in third countries: The development of hydropower on a sustainable basis has been an array of humanitarian and economic development, especially for local people as well as an important tool in the fight agains “Sustainable development of hydropower in third countries: The development of hydropower on a sustainable basis has been an array of humanitarian and economic development, especially for local people as well as an important tool in the fight against glo

439

Rayburn Country Elec Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rayburn Country Elec Coop, Inc Rayburn Country Elec Coop, Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Rayburn Country Elec Coop, Inc Place Texas Utility Id 18589 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location SPP NERC ERCOT Yes NERC SPP Yes Activity Transmission Yes Activity Buying Transmission Yes Activity Buying Distribution Yes Activity Bundled Services Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png No rate schedules available. Average Rates No Rates Available References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Rayburn_Country_Elec_Coop,_Inc&oldid=411429

440

Bringing a Range of Supported Mitigation Activities in Selected Countries  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bringing a Range of Supported Mitigation Activities in Selected Countries Bringing a Range of Supported Mitigation Activities in Selected Countries to the Next Level Jump to: navigation, search Name Bringing a Range of Supported Mitigation Activities in Selected Countries to the Next Level Agency/Company /Organization Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN), Ecofys Sector Climate Focus Area Renewable Energy, Agriculture, People and Policy Topics Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.ecn.nl/docs/library Program Start 2011 Program End 2014 Country Chile, Indonesia, Kenya, Peru, Tunisia South America, South-Eastern Asia, Eastern Africa, South America, Northern Africa References ECN[1] Ecofys[2] Program Overview This project runs from March 2012 to December 2014, and is a collaboration

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "integration study country" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Indigenous Knowledge for Environmental Prediction in the Pacific Island Countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Indigenous people in Pacific Island countries (PICs) often use their knowledge of the environment, acquired through generations of holistic observational practices and experimental learning, to make meteorological forecasts. Such knowledge systems ...

Savin S. Chand; Lynda E. Chambers; Mike Waiwai; Philip Malsale; Elisabeth Thompson

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Insurance demand and country risks: A nonlinear panel data analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper investigates the impact of country risks, including political, financial, and economic risks, on the income elasticity of insurance demand. Using the panel smooth transition regression model, we find that there is a significant regime-switching effect concerning the impact of country risks on the income elasticity of insurance demand. A full-sample analysis shows that the income elasticity of insurance demand decreases when country risks diminish. In a subsample analysis based on income level, legal origin, and restriction on banks' participation in insurance activities, we find that the elasticity diminishes in general when economic risk drops. When political risk is lower, the elasticity decreases in countries with high-income, common law origin, and insurance activities permitted by banks, whereas a clear pattern cannot be identified in the case of financial risk.

Chien-Chiang Lee; Yi-Bin Chiu; Chi-Hung Chang

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

The economic determinants of land degradation in developing countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...necessary to complement these reforms with specific, targeted...developing countries policy reform will have to be complemented...community, education and health care services. REFERENCES...soil conservation and the reform of agricultural pricing...

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Costs of Imported Crude Oil by Selected Country  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

OPEC Algeria Indonesia Mexico Nigeria Saudi Arabia United Kingdom Venezuela Other Countries Arab OPEC b Total OPEC c 1978 ... 14.12 13.61 13.24 14.05...

445

Oil Prices, Opec and the Poor Oil Consuming Countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In 1950, the year O.P.E.C. (Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries) was formed, the world oil industry was dominated by a group of seven oligopolistic major international oil companies, who were collective...

Biplab Dasgupta

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

mHealth for Influenza Pandemic Surveillance in Developing Countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Influenza pandemics caused millions of deaths and massive economic losses worldwide in the last century. The impact of any future pandemic is likely to be greatest in developing countries as a result of their limited surveillance and healthcare resources. ...

JunHua Li; Nathan Moore; Shahriar Akter; Steven Bleisten; Pradeep Ray

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Low-Cost Blood Pressure Monitor Device for Developing Countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Taking the Blood Pressure (BP) with a traditional sphygmomanometer requires a trained user. In developed countries, patients who need to monitor their BP at home usually acquire an electronic BP device with an...

Carlos Arteta; Joo S. Domingos

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

A cross country analysis of electricity market reforms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

econometric model based on Poisson regression with cross-section data covering 51 US states, 13 Canada states and 51 other countries. The results show that both the background of the chairperson of electricity market regulatory agency when reforms started...

Erdogdu, Erkan

2012-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

449

Data and Fiscal Institutions of the Surveyed Countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This chapter describes the data base and provides a detailed survey of the fiscal and social institutions of the countries examined in this book. It is explained how the authors dealt with the LIS microdata an...

Christian Seidl; Kirill Pogorelskiy; Stefan Traub

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Essays on banking and corporate finance in developing countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation consists of three essays that examine banking and corporate finance in developing countries. Specifically, it explores the theoretical and empirical implications of open capital markets, foreign bank ...

Gormley, Todd A

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Electricity consumption from renewable and non-renewable sources and economic growth: Evidence from Latin American countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This study explores the effect of renewable and non-renewable electricity consumption on economic growth in 18 Latin American countries. To achieve the goal of this study a panel Gross Domestic Product (GDP) model was constructed taking the period 19802010 into account. From the Pedroni cointegration test results it was found that renewable electricity consumption, non-renewable electricity consumption, labor, gross fixed capital formation, and total trade are cointegrated. Moreover, the panel Dynamic Ordinary Least Squares (DOLS) test results revealed that all above the mentioned variables have a long run positive effect on GDP growth in the investigated countries. The Vector Error-Correction (VEC) Granger causality model results revealed the existence of feedback causality between the variables. The results of the study indicated that renewable electricity consumption is more significant than non-renewable electricity consumption in promoting economic growth in the investigated countries in the long run and the short run. Based on the results of this study, it is recommended that the investigated countries should increase their investment on renewable energy projects to increase the role of electricity consumption from renewable sources. In addition, it is essential that these countries should reduce their non-renewable electricity consumption by increasing their energy efficiency and implementing energy saving projects. By applying these recommendations, these countries would be able to mitigate global warming and reduce their dependency on fossil fuel to increase their energy security.

Usama Al-mulali; Hassan Gholipour Fereidouni; Janice Y.M. Lee

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Global governance of technology: meeting the needs of developing countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In 2000, world leaders adopted the United Nations Millennium Declaration in which they pledged to halve, by 2015, the proportion of the world's people earning less than a dollar a day, suffering from hunger and unable to obtain safe drinking water. This paper argues that meeting these targets will entail concerted efforts to raise economic productivity in the developing world and to redirect research and development (R&D) in the industrialised countries to address problems that affect the developing countries. Doing this will require approaches that place science and technology at the centre of development policy in a world that is marked by extreme disparities in the creation of scientific and technical knowledge. Mobilising this knowledge to meet the agricultural, health, communication and environmental needs of developing countries will continue to be one of the most important issues in international relations in the years to come. The paper identifies ways of using the world's scientific and technological knowledge to meet the needs of developing countries. More specifically, it examines linkages among science, technology and development; emerging trends in innovation systems; incentive measures for technological innovation; and how to make technology work for developing countries. The paper examines two categories of measures needed to promote the application of science and technology to development. The first includes measures adopted by developing countries themselves to promote scientific research and technological innovation as a key element in economic development policy. The second includes measures that can be adopted in the industrialised countries to contribute to solving problems in developing countries.

Calestous Juma; Karen Fang; Derya Honca; Jorge Huete-Perez; Victor Konde; Sung H. Lee; Jimena Arenas; Adrian Ivinson; Hilary Robinson; Seema Singh

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Use of Frequency Response Metrics to Assess the Planning and Operating Requirements for Reliable Integration of Variable Renewable Generation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Report - 2006 Minnesota Wind Integration Study Volume I.NREL). 2010. Eastern Wind Integration and TransmissionAvista Corporation Wind Integration Study. March. http://

Eto, Joseph H.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Integration of the predictions of two models with dose measurements in a case study of children exposed to the emissions of a lead smelter  

SciTech Connect

The predictions of two source-to-dose models are systematically evaluated with observed data collected in a village polluted by a currently operating secondary lead smelter. Both models were built up from several sub-models linked together and run using Monte-Carlo simulation, to calculate the distribution children's blood lead levels attributable to the emissions from the facility. The first model system is composed of the CalTOX model linked to a recoded version of the IEUBK model. This system provides the distribution of the media-specific lead concentrations (air, soil, fruit, vegetables and blood) in the whole area investigated. The second model consists of a statistical model to estimate the lead deposition on the ground, a modified version of the model HHRAP and the same recoded version of the IEUBK model. This system provides an estimate of the concentration of exposure of specific individuals living in the study area. The predictions of the first model system were improved in terms of accuracy and precision by performing a sensitivity analysis and using field data to correct the default value provided for the leaf wet density. However, in this case study, the first model system tends to overestimate the exposure due to exposed vegetables. The second model was tested for nine children with contrasting exposure conditions. It managed to capture the blood levels for eight of them. In the last case, the exposure of the child by pathways not considered in the model may explain the failure of the model. The interest of this integrated model is to provide outputs with lower variance than the first model system, but at the moment further tests are necessary to conclude about its accuracy.

Bonnard, R.; McKone, T.E.

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Fully Automated Simultaneous Integrated Boosted-Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy Treatment Planning Is Feasible for Head-and-Neck Cancer: A Prospective Clinical Study  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To prospectively determine whether overlap volume histogram (OVH)-driven, automated simultaneous integrated boosted (SIB)-intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) treatment planning for head-and-neck cancer can be implemented in clinics. Methods and Materials: A prospective study was designed to compare fully automated plans (APs) created by an OVH-driven, automated planning application with clinical plans (CPs) created by dosimetrists in a 3-dose-level (70 Gy, 63 Gy, and 58.1 Gy), head-and-neck SIB-IMRT planning. Because primary organ sparing (cord, brain, brainstem, mandible, and optic nerve/chiasm) always received the highest priority in clinical planning, the study aimed to show the noninferiority of APs with respect to PTV coverage and secondary organ sparing (parotid, brachial plexus, esophagus, larynx, inner ear, and oral mucosa). The sample size was determined a priori by a superiority hypothesis test that had 85% power to detect a 4% dose decrease in secondary organ sparing with a 2-sided alpha level of 0.05. A generalized estimating equation (GEE) regression model was used for statistical comparison. Results: Forty consecutive patients were accrued from July to December 2010. GEE analysis indicated that in APs, overall average dose to the secondary organs was reduced by 1.16 (95% CI = 0.09-2.33) with P=.04, overall average PTV coverage was increased by 0.26% (95% CI = 0.06-0.47) with P=.02 and overall average dose to the primary organs was reduced by 1.14 Gy (95% CI = 0.45-1.8) with P=.004. A physician determined that all APs could be delivered to patients, and APs were clinically superior in 27 of 40 cases. Conclusions: The application can be implemented in clinics as a fast, reliable, and consistent way of generating plans that need only minor adjustments to meet specific clinical needs.

Wu Binbin, E-mail: binbin.wu@gunet.georgetown.edu [Department of Radiation Oncology and Molecular Radiation Science, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland (United States); Department of Radiation Medicine, Georgetown University Hospital, Washington, DC (United States); McNutt, Todd [Department of Radiation Oncology and Molecular Radiation Science, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology and Molecular Radiation Science, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland (United States); Zahurak, Marianna [Department of Oncology Biostatistics, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland (United States)] [Department of Oncology Biostatistics, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland (United States); Simari, Patricio [Autodesk Research, Toronto, ON (Canada)] [Autodesk Research, Toronto, ON (Canada); Pang, Dalong [Department of Radiation Medicine, Georgetown University Hospital, Washington, DC (United States)] [Department of Radiation Medicine, Georgetown University Hospital, Washington, DC (United States); Taylor, Russell [Department of Computer Science, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland (United States)] [Department of Computer Science, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland (United States); Sanguineti, Giuseppe [Department of Radiation Oncology and Molecular Radiation Science, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology and Molecular Radiation Science, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland (United States)

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

The MAGS Integrated Modeling System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Mackenzie GEWEX Study (MAGS) integrated modeling system was developed to couple, with full feedback, selected atmospheric and hydrologic models, with the expectation that the imposed consistency will enhan...

E. D. (Ric) Soulis; Frank R. Seglenieks

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Data integration for European marine biodiversity research: creating a database on benthos and plankton to study large-scale patterns and long-term changes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The general aim of setting up a central database on benthos and plankton was to integrate long-, medium- and short-term datasets on marine biodiversity. Such a database makes it possible to ... different geograph...

Leen Vandepitte; Bart Vanhoorne; Alexandra Kraberg; Natalie Anisimova

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Reduced Plasma RNA Integrity in Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma Patients  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Imaging, Diagnosis, Prognosis Reduced Plasma RNA Integrity in Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma...that cancer patients may have reduced plasma RNA integrity. In this study, we used...this hypothesis. Experimental Design: Plasma RNA integrity was determined using the...

Blenda C.K. Wong; K.C. Allen Chan; Anthony T.C. Chan; Sing-Fai Leung; Lisa Y.S. Chan; Katherine C.K. Chow; Y.M. Dennis Lo

2006-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

459

An integrated study of the Grayburg/San Andres Reservoir, Foster and South Cowden Fields, Ector County, Texas. Annual report, August 1, 1996--July 31, 1997  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this two-phase study is to demonstrate an integrated methodology for reservoir characterization of shallow shelf carbonate reservoir that is feasible, and cost effective for the independent operator. Furthermore, it will provide one of the first public demonstrations of the enhancement of reservoir characterization using high-resolution three dimensional (3D) seismic data. This particular project is evaluating the Grayburg and San Andres reservoirs in the Foster and South Cowden Fields, Ector County, Texas. This 68 year old field was approaching its economic limit and the leases evaluated would have been abandoned in 10 years. A multidisciplinary approach to waterflood design and implementation, along with the addition of reserves by selective infill drilling and deepening, is being applied to this field. This approach in reservoir development will be applicable to a wide range of shallow shelf carbonate reservoirs throughout the US. The first phase of the project included the design, acquisition, and interpretation of the 3D seismic survey, the collection and evaluation of geologic (core and log) data, and engineering (historical production, well test, injection) data from a variety of sources. From this work, a geologically based production history model was simulated. Based on the recommendations made at the end of Phase One, three new wells were drilled, one existing well was deepened, two wells were worked over, one TA`d well was re-entered, and one well was converted to injection. In addition, the quality of the injection water was greatly improved, a step necessary prior to increasing injection in the project area. The realignment of the waterflood and all additional well work await the completion of the seismic based history match and engineering simulation.

Trentham, R.C.; Weinbrandt, R.; Robinson, W.

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Understanding CDM potential in the Mediterranean basin: A country assessment of Egypt and Morocco  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The Mediterranean basin countries on the one hand are considered a climate change vulnerability hotspot, while on the other they obtain a substantial potential for the implementation of clean development mechanism (CDM) projects and especially for North Africa region. Abatement of greenhouse gas emissions can mainly be achieved through utilizing renewable energy sources in the region, implementing energy efficiency measures and substituting oil with natural gas in energy generation. However, with few exceptions, the majority of these countries have a limited track record in the CDM pipeline. The aim of this paper is to investigate possibilities for CDM projects and indentify the main challenges for the promotion of CDM activities in the Mediterranean region. In this respect, an assessment of the current state of related institutional and policy setting, CDM potential and barriers related to the implementation of a CDM project in two representative case study countries of the Mediterranean basin, namely Egypt and Morocco was elaborated. The analysis indicated that the overall CDM potential in Egypt and Morocco are almost equal and both countries demonstrate the same tendencies, the key problem, however, remains on how to deal with the political instability and regulatory barriers the region face.

Charikleia Karakosta; John Psarras

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "integration study country" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Mental health inequalities in 9 former Soviet Union countries: Evidence from the previous decade  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In the previous two decades, countries of the former Soviet Union underwent substantive economic and social changes. While there has been some limited evidence on the relationship between socioeconomic well-being and mental health in the developing and transitional economies, the evidence on economic inequalities in mental health has so far been scarce. In this paper, we analyse two unique datasets collected in 2001 (N=18,428) and in 2010 (N=17,998) containing data on 9 countries of the former Soviet Union, exploring how mental health inequalities have changed between 2001 and 2010. Using regression analysis, as well as the indirect standardization approach, we found that mental health appears to have substantially improved in most studied countries during the past decade. Specifically, both the proportion of people with poor mental health, as well as wealth-related inequalities in poor mental health, decreased in almost all countries, except Georgia. Hence, we did not find evidence of a trade-off between changes in average and distributional mental health indicators between 2001 and 2010. Our findings give ground for optimism that at least on these measures, the most difficult times associated with the transition to a market economy in this region may be coming to an end.

Yevgeniy Goryakin; Marc Suhrcke; Bayard Roberts; Martin McKee

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Model-Based Calculations of the Probability of a Country's Nuclear Proliferation Decisions  

SciTech Connect

The first nuclear weapon was detonated in August 1945 over Japan to end World War II. During the past six decades, the majority of the world's countries have abstained from acquiring nuclear weapons. However, a number of countries have explored the nuclear weapons option, 23 in all. Among them, 14 countries have dropped their interest in nuclear weapons after initiating some efforts. And nine of them today possess nuclear weapons. These countries include the five nuclear weapons states - U.S., Russia, U.K., France, and China - and the four non- NPT member states - Israel, India, Pakistan, and North Korea. Many of these countries initially used civilian nuclear power technology development as a basis or cover for their military program. Recent proliferation incidents in Iraq, Iran, and North Korea brought the world together to pay much attention to nuclear nonproliferation. With the expected surge in the use of nuclear energy for power generation by developing countries, the world's nuclear nonproliferation regime needs to be better prepared for potential future challenges. For the world's nuclear nonproliferation regime to effectively cope with any future proliferation attempts, early detection of potentially proliferation-related activities is highly desirable. Early detection allows the international community to respond and take necessary actions - ideally using political and diplomatic influences without resorting to harsh measures such as sanctions or military actions. In this regard, a capability to quantitatively predict the chance of a country's nuclear proliferation intent or activities is of significant interest. There have been various efforts in the research community to understand the determinants of nuclear proliferation and develop quantitative tools to predict nuclear proliferation events. These efforts have shown that information about the political issues surrounding a country's security along with economic development data can be useful to explain the occurrences of proliferation decisions. However, predicting major historical proliferation events using model-based predictions has been unreliable. Nuclear proliferation decisions by a country is affected by three main factors: (1) technology; (2) finance; and (3) political motivation [1]. Technological capability is important as nuclear weapons development needs special materials, detonation mechanism, delivery capability, and the supporting human resources and knowledge base. Financial capability is likewise important as the development of the technological capabilities requires a serious financial commitment. It would be difficult for any state with a gross national product (GNP) significantly less than that of about $100 billion to devote enough annual governmental funding to a nuclear weapon program to actually achieve positive results within a reasonable time frame (i.e., 10 years). At the same time, nuclear proliferation is not a matter determined by a mastery of technical details or overcoming financial constraints. Technology or finance is a necessary condition but not a sufficient condition for nuclear proliferation. At the most fundamental level, the proliferation decision by a state is controlled by its political motivation. To effectively address the issue of predicting proliferation events, all three of the factors must be included in the model. To the knowledge of the authors, none of the exiting models considered the 'technology' variable as part of the modeling. This paper presents an attempt to develop a methodology for statistical modeling and predicting a country's nuclear proliferation decisions. The approach is based on the combined use of data on a country's nuclear technical capability profiles economic development status, security environment factors and internal political and cultural factors. All of the information utilized in the study was from open source literature. (authors)

Li, Jun; Yim, Man-Sung; McNelis, David N. [Department of Nuclear Engineering North Carolina State University (United States)

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Exergoeconomic optimization of integrated geothermal system in Simav, Kutahya  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The aim of this study is to investigate the integrated use of the geothermal resources in the KutahyaSimav region, Turkey. Although geothermal energy has been in use for years in the others countries, the integrated use of the geothermal fluid is new in Turkey. The high temperature level of the geothermal fluid in the Simav field makes it possible to utilize it for electricity generation, space heating and balneology. In this regard, a multiple complex has been proposed there in order to use the energy of the geothermal fluid more efficiently. Therefore, the possibility of electricity generation by a binary cycle has been preliminarily researched. After the electricity generation process, the waste geothermal fluid has been conducted to residences and greenhouses later for heating purpose in the field. In this regard, twenty one different models have been formed and analyzed using exergy and LCC methods. As a conclusion, the pre-feasibility study indicates that utilization of this geothermal capacity for multiple uses would be an attractive investment for Simav region.

Oguz Arslan; Ramazan Kose

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Scaling up Renewable Energy in Developing Countries: finance and investment  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Scaling up Renewable Energy in Developing Countries: finance and investment Scaling up Renewable Energy in Developing Countries: finance and investment perspectives Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Scaling up Renewable Energy in Developing Countries: finance and investment perspectives Agency/Company /Organization: Kirsty Hamilton Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency Phase: Create a Vision Topics: - Energy Access, Finance, Low emission development planning Resource Type: Publications User Interface: Website Website: www.chathamhouse.org/sites/default/files/public/Research/Energy,%20Env Cost: Free Language: English This paper, written for those involved in understanding and shaping policy, aims to provide an evidence-base from private sector financiers involved in

465

REDD+ Country Readiness Preparation Proposals | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

form form View source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » REDD+ Country Readiness Preparation Proposals Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: REDD+ Country Readiness Preparation Proposals Agency/Company /Organization: World Resources Institute Focus Area: Forestry Topics: Implementation, Policies/deployment programs, Pathways analysis Resource Type: Publications, Guide/manual Website: www.wri.org/publication/getting-ready Country: Democratic Republic of Congo, Ghana, Guyana, Indonesia, Madagascar, Mexico, Suriname, Panama Middle Africa, Western Africa, South America, South-Eastern Asia, Eastern Africa, Central America, South America, Central America

466

Lake Country Power - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Country Power - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Country Power - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Lake Country Power - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Program Info State Minnesota Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Geothermal Heat Pump: $400 per ton Central AC: $30 - $630 Air Source Heat Pumps: $330 - $630 Ductless Air-source Heat Pump: $300 ECM Furnace Motor: $100 Off-Peak ETS Heating System: $25/KW Cycled AC/Heat Pump: $100 Off-Peak Water Heater: $100 - $200 Heat Pump Water Heater: $200 Refrigerator/Freezer: $75 (with recycling of old appliance) CFL: $1 per bulb LED holiday lights: $3 per strand

467

Policies for Promoting Industrial Energy Efficiency in Developing Countries  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Policies for Promoting Industrial Energy Efficiency in Developing Countries Policies for Promoting Industrial Energy Efficiency in Developing Countries and Transition Economies Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Policies for Promoting Industrial Energy Efficiency in Developing Countries and Transition Economies Focus Area: Industry Topics: Policy Data Website: www.unido.org/fileadmin/media/documents/pdf/Energy_Environment/ind_ene Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/policies-promoting-industrial-energy- Language: English Policies: "Deployment Programs,Regulations" is not in the list of possible values (Deployment Programs, Financial Incentives, Regulations) for this property. DeploymentPrograms: Industry Codes & Standards Regulations: Energy Standards This paper presents policy options under the structure of an Industrial

468

Identify types of development and climate impacts that are country  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Identify types of development and climate impacts that are country priorities Jump to: navigation, search Stage 3 LEDS Home Introduction to Framework Assess current country plans, policies, practices, and capacities Develop_BAU Stage 4: Prioritizing and Planning for Actions Begin execution of implementation plans 1.0. Organizing the LEDS Process 1.1. Institutional Structure for LEDS 1.2. Workplan to Develop the LEDS 1.3. Roles and responsibilities to develop LEDS 2.1. Assess current country plans, policies, practices, and capacities 2.2. Compile lessons learned and good practices from ongoing and

469

Countries - Analysis & Projections - U.S. Energy Information Administration  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Current & Selected Reports Current & Selected Reports Most Requested Environment Other Energy Petroleum Total Energy Search within Countries Search By: Go Pick a date range: From: To: Go Search All Reports & Publications > WeeklyAvailable formats Today in Energy - Countries Short, timely articles with graphs about recent international energy issues and trends MonthlyAvailable formats Regional Analysis Briefs Regional Analysis Briefs (RABs) provide an overview of specific regions that play an important role in world energy markets, either directly or indirectly. These briefs cover areas that are currently major producers (Caspian Sea), have geopolitical importance (South China Sea), or may have future potential as producers or transit areas (East Africa, Eastern Mediterranean). Country Analysis Briefs

470

Countries Commit to White Roofs, Potentially Offsetting the Emissions of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Countries Commit to White Roofs, Potentially Offsetting the Countries Commit to White Roofs, Potentially Offsetting the Emissions of Over 300 Power Plants Countries Commit to White Roofs, Potentially Offsetting the Emissions of Over 300 Power Plants April 8, 2011 - 4:26pm Addthis Dr. Art Rosenfeld Distinguished Scientist Emeritus at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory What does this project do? Builds energy savings. Promotes heat island mitigation and public health benefits. Encourages global cooling. I am delighted to learn that India, Mexico, and the United States have signed up to join the Cool Roofs Working Group, announced yesterday at the second Clean Energy Ministerial in Abu Dhabi. This working group was offered as part of the Clean Energy Ministerial, which is a high-level global forum to promote policies and programs that advance clean energy

471

Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage Demonstration in Developing Countries:  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage Demonstration in Developing Countries: Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage Demonstration in Developing Countries: Analysis of Key Policy Issues and Barriers Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage Demonstration in Developing Countries: Analysis of Key Policy Issues and Barriers Focus Area: Clean Fossil Energy Topics: Potentials & Scenarios Website: cdn.globalccsinstitute.com/sites/default/files/publications/15536/carb Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/carbon-dioxide-capture-and-storage-de Policies: "Deployment Programs,Financial Incentives" is not in the list of possible values (Deployment Programs, Financial Incentives, Regulations) for this property. DeploymentPrograms: Technical Assistance This report discusses the value of carbon capture and storage (CCS)

472

Fact #836: September 1, Non-OPEC Countries Supply Nearly Two...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

per day) Year Non-OPEC Countries OPEC Countries Total Percent OPEC Canada Mexico Russia Other Non-OPEC Nigeria Saudi Arabia Venezuela Other OPEC Countries 1960 0.12 0.02 0.00...

473

Fact #781: May 27, 2013 Top Ten Natural Gas Producing Countries...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Countries Fact 781: May 27, 2013 Top Ten Natural Gas Producing Countries In 2011, Russia and the United States were by far the top natural gas producing countries, with more...

474

INDIAN COUNTRY ENERGY AND INFRASTRUCTURE WORKING GROUP ICEIWG  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

INDIAN COUNTRY ENERGY AND INFRASTRUCTURE WORKING GROUP ICEIWG May 29, 2013 Wild Horse Pass Hotel and Casino Chandler, Arizona MEETING OVERVIEW The U.S. Department of Energy Office (DOE) of Indian Energy (IE) hosted an Indian Country Energy and Infrastructure Working Group (ICEIWG) Meeting on Wednesday, May 29, 2013 in Chandler, Arizona. IE welcomed reappointed and new members to ICEIWG. The ICEIWG meeting was held prior to the seventh Tribal Leader Forum on "Leveraging Tribal Renewable Resources to Support Military Energy Goals." Arizona tribal leaders and intertribal organization representatives were encouraged to attend this meeting.

475

Program Program Organization Country Region Topic Sector Sector  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Program Organization Country Region Topic Sector Sector Program Organization Country Region Topic Sector Sector Albania Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies EC LEDS Albania Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies EC LEDS United States Agency for International Development USAID United States Environmental Protection Agency United States Department of Energy United States Department of Agriculture United States Department of State Albania Southern Asia Low emission development planning LEDS Energy Land Climate Algeria Clean Technology Fund CTF Algeria Clean Technology Fund CTF African Development Bank Asian Development Bank European Bank for Reconstruction and Development EBRD Inter American Development Bank IDB World Bank Algeria South Eastern Asia Background analysis Finance Implementation

476

CHARTER INDIAN COUNTRY ENERGY AND INFRASTRUCTURE WORK GROUP  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CHARTER CHARTER INDIAN COUNTRY ENERGY AND INFRASTRUCTURE WORK GROUP Official Designation Indian Country Energy and Infrastructure Working Group ("Working Group") Purpose The purpose of the Working Group is to provide advice and recommendations to the Director of the Office of Indian Energy Policy & Programs (OIE) and the Secretary of Energy with respect to the strategic planning and implementation of OIE's energy resource, energy business and energy infrastructure development policy and programs. Objectives and Scope of Activities and Duties The Working Group shall: (a) make recommendations to the Director of the Office of Indian Energy Policy and Programs

477

The role of the domestic private sector in developing countries for addressing local health needs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Developing countries can benefit from conducting innovative research and development in science and technology prioritised to their own specific health and development needs. Here, the role of the domestic private sector in utilising its knowledge, expertise, resources and relationships is critical for translating R&D results into tangible health products and services for individuals. We have recently initiated a study to analyse how the domestic health biotechnology sectors of four developing countries ?? India, China, Brazil and South Africa ?? address local health needs. In this paper, we introduce the purpose, design and objectives of the study, describe our rationale for undertaking this research and present preliminary results from our analysis of health biotechnology firms in India.

Sarah E. Frew; Stephen M. Sammut; Winnie W. Siu; Abdallah S. Daar; Peter A. Singer

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Integrated transport and renewable energy systems B. V. Mathiesen*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, as electricity and heating. In this paper, a coherent effort to integrate transport into energy planning2 emissions, electricity and heating have traditionally been in focus. As more and more countries have been successful within electricity and heating where political focus has produced actions

479

NREL: Transmission Grid Integration - Webinars  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Webinars Webinars Want updates about future transmission grid integration webinars and publications? Join our mailing list. NREL periodically offers webinars on transmission grid integration topics to provide insight into its research. Explore the resources below to learn more. Upcoming Webinars Please check back. Details on future meetings and workshops will be posted as they are available. Past Webinars Results from The Western Wind and Solar Integration Study Phase 2: An examination of how wind and solar power affect operations, costs, and emissions from fossil-fueled generators Wednesday, September 25, 2013 at 12:00 EDT (10:00 MDT) The Western Wind and Solar Integration Study Phase 2 (WWSIS-2), launched in 2011, examines the potential impacts of up to 33% wind and solar energy

480

Ocean governance in a competitive world. The BRIC countries as emerging maritime powersbuilding new geopolitical scenarios  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Owing to their style and economic impact, Brazil, Russia, India and China (the BRIC countries) are destined to become relevant actors in the new ocean governance. The following working hypothesis is sustained: the BRIC countries, due to the potential of their maritime territories, can be considered to be emerging maritime powers capable of displacing some of the historical maritime powers. This would also entail a shift of strategic maritime space towards the southern hemisphere. Other emerging maritime scenarios associated with the BRIC countries include the Russian Arctic, and the Indo-Pacific ocean belt, or string of pearls, as it is known. Factors such as competitiveness, maritime leadership and ocean governance are thus placed in a new economic and political context where they might be redefined and adapted to the circumstances of the BRIC block and other emerging countries, the majority of which are subject to demographic pressure and a high degree of poverty. The most relevant conclusions point to the emergence of a new type of neo-navalism, on the one handa BRIC version of traditional sea power and, on the other, a possible threat to the EU's Integrated Maritime Policy under pressure from strong competitiveness in a highly internationalised environment, forcing changes in its original approach with its distinct social profiles and commitment to latest generation rights.

Juan L. Surez de Vivero; Juan C. Rodrguez Mateos

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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