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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "integrated steel mills" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

Case Study of Optimal Byproduct Gas Distribution in Integrated Steel Mill Using Multi-Period Optimization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy constitutes about 20 % of the total production cost in an integrated steel mill, and therefore energy efficiency is crucial for profitability within the environmental policy context. An integrated steel mill generates high calorific value byproduct gases at varying rates. The differences between gas generation and consumption rates are compensated with gas holders. However, under certain circumstances the imbalances can lead to the flaring of excessive gas or require the purchase of supplementary fuel. This presentation describes a steel mill energy management system with sophisticated monitoring, planning, and optimization tools. It models the complex energy interconnections between various processes of the mill and determines the optimal trade-off between gas holder level control, flare minimization, and optimization of electricity purchase versus internal power generation. The system reduces energy cost, improves energy efficiency, manages carbon footprint, and provides environmental reporting features.

Makinen, K.; Kymalainen, T.; Junttila, J.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Effects Of Milling On Surface Integrity Of Low-Carbon Steel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This work measured the effect of milling parameters on the surface integrity of low-carbon alloy steel. The Variance Analysis showed that only depth of cut did not influence on the workpiece roughness and the Pearson's Coefficient indicated that cutting speed was more influent than tool feed. All cutting parameters introduced tensile residual stress in workpiece surface. The chip formation mechanism depended specially on cutting speed and influenced on the roughness and residual stress of workpiece.

Rodrigues, Alessandro Roger; Matsumoto, Hidekasu; Yamakami, Wyser Jose; Tokimatsu, Ruis Camargo; Menezes, Miguel Angelo; Suyama, Daniel Iwao; Norcino, Adriana Bruno; Vendrame, Saimon [UNESP-Univ Estatual Paulista, Engineering Faculty of Ilha Solteira, Av. Brasil Centro, 56-Zip Code 15.385-000-Ilha Solteira, Sao Paulo (Brazil)

2011-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

3

In-Process Separation of Mill Scale From Oil at Steel Hot Rolling Mills  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is of vital importance to find cost-effective technologies of reducing oil concentration in mill scale in order to recycle the mill scale without causing detrimental ...

4

SURVEY OF ROLLING MILL USED BY BETHLEHEM STEEL CORPORATION LACKAWANNA, NEW YORK  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

SURVEY OF ROLLING MILL USED BY SURVEY OF ROLLING MILL USED BY BETHLEHEM STEEL CORPORATION LACKAWANNA, NEW YORK Work performed by the Health and Safety Research Division Gak Ridge fiational Laboratory Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37830 September 1980 OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY operated by UNION CARBIDE CORPORATION for the DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY as part of the Formerly Utilized Sites!- Remedial Action Program SURVEY OF ROLLING MILL USED BY BETHLEHEM STEEL CORPORATION LACKAWANNA, NEW YORK A radiological survey was conducted at the Bethelem Steel Corporation Plant in Lackawanna, New York, on September 23, 1980, by representatives of Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). The subject of the radiological survey was a portion of the original 25.4-cm (lo-inch) bar mill used in converting uranium billets into 3.8-cm rods. All radiation survey

5

Step Inside the Cyberworld of a Virtual Reality Steel Mill  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Although virtual reality displays are frequently seen at computer trade shows, Tippins is the first to incorporate it into the steel manufacturing industry, said ...

6

Weirton Steel Corporation logistics and integrated scheduling. Final report  

SciTech Connect

In order to remain competitive in the changing steel market, US steel producers restructured by taking on foreign and domestic partners, closing facilities and/or trimming work forces, and modernizing their steel making facilities. However, very little was done to develop production management technology to complement these changes. The Logistics and Integrated Scheduling program (LIS) was undertaken to address this issue. LIS is an information management system that delivers better customer service, better quality materials, and a just-in-time delivery system. It involves three major components: (1) material marking and sensing: advanced R&D applied to determining cost effective, feasible solutions to passive inventory; (2) material inventory and tracking: advanced technology applied to managing inventory movement; (3) planning and scheduling: beginning with annual production plans, order management, and operational constraints, the ability to build integrated schedules capable of pull through and push through scheduling for various plant capability levels and location configurations with rapid turnaround capability. LIS provides accurate, automated tracking of material flows throughout the mill, the collection and analysis of production data, and automated schedule optimization.

Guzzetta, M.B. [comp.

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Structurally integrated steel solar collector  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Herein is disclosed a flat plate solar heat collector unit. The solar collector is integrated as a structural unit so that the collector also functions as the building roof. The functions of efficient heat collection, liquid coolant flow passages, roof structural support and building insulation are combined into one unit.

Moore, Stanley W. (Los Alamos, NM)

1977-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

8

Structurally integrated steel solar collector  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Herein is disclosed a flate plate solar heat collector unit. The solar collector is integrated as a structural unit so that the collector also functions as the building roof. The functions of efficient heat collection, liquid coolant flow passages, roof structural support, and building insulation are combined into one unit.

Moore, S.W.

1975-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

9

Integrating Steel Production with Mineral Carbon Sequestration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objectives of the project were (i) to develop a combination iron oxide production and carbon sequestration plant that will use serpentine ores as the source of iron and the extraction tailings as the storage element for CO2 disposal, (ii) the identification of locations within the US where this process may be implemented and (iii) to create a standardized process to characterize the serpentine deposits in terms of carbon disposal capacity and iron and steel production capacity. The first objective was not accomplished. The research failed to identify a technique to accelerate direct aqueous mineral carbonation, the limiting step in the integration of steel production and carbon sequestration. Objective (ii) was accomplished. It was found that the sequestration potential of the ultramafic resource surfaces in the US and Puerto Rico is approximately 4,647 Gt of CO2 or over 500 years of current US production of CO2. Lastly, a computer model was developed to investigate the impact of various system parameters (recoveries and efficiencies and capacities of different system components) and serpentinite quality as well as incorporation of CO2 from sources outside the steel industry.

Klaus Lackner; Paul Doby; Tuncel Yegulalp; Samuel Krevor; Christopher Graves

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Pinch Analysis Process Energy Integration Study of Slocan Fibreco Pulp Mill  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report presents the results of a Pinch analysis study undertaken at the Slocan Fibreco Pulp mill. The study's objective is to draw a global strategic plan of action aiming at the cost minimization of the mill's thermal energy usage. This has been achieved with the help of a well-proven process — energy integration technique called Pinch analysis, an approach that is particularly suitable to identify cost-effective solutions from a global perspective of the whole process. A 2-year maximum direc...

2005-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

11

Assessment of Energy Efficiency Improvement and CO2 Emission Reduction Potentials in the Iron and Steel Industry in China  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

maintenance in EAF plants Energy monitoring and management systemsmaintenance in EAF plants* Energy monitoring and management systemsmaintenance in integrated and EAF steel mills, energy monitoring and management systems

Hasanbeigi, Ali

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

MILLING OPERATIONS Milling is the process of machining flat, curved, or Milling machines are basically classified as vertical or  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-speed steel, stellite, and cemented carbide cutters reamer shank. In this case, one or two side milling have

Gellman, Andrew J.

13

Evaluation of End Mill Coatings  

SciTech Connect

Milling tests were run on families of High Speed Steel (HSS) end mills to determine their lives while machining 304 Stainless Steel. The end mills tested were made from M7, M42 and T15-CPM High Speed Steels. The end mills were also evaluated with no coatings as well as with Titanium Nitride (TiN) and Titanium Carbo-Nitride (TiCN) coatings to determine which combination of HSS and coating provided the highest increase in end mill life while increasing the cost of the tool the least. We found end mill made from M42 gave us the largest increase in tool life with the least increase in cost. The results of this study will be used by Cutting Tool Engineering in determining which end mill descriptions will be dropped from our tool catalog.

L. J. Lazarus; R. L. Hester,

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Mill Integration-Pulping, Stream Reforming and Direct Causticization for Black Liquor Recovery  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

MTCI/StoneChem developed a steam reforming, fluidized bed gasification technology for biomass. DOE supported the demonstration of this technology for gasification of spent wood pulping liquor (or 'black liquor') at Georgia-Pacific's Big Island, Virginia mill. The present pre-commercial R&D project addressed the opportunities as well as identified negative aspects when the MTCI/StoneChem gasification technology is integrated in a pulp mill production facility. The opportunities arise because black liquor gasification produces sulfur (as H{sub 2}S) and sodium (as Na{sub 2}CO{sub 3}) in separate streams which may be used beneficially for improved pulp yield and properties. The negative aspect of kraft black liquor gasification is that the amount of Na{sub 2}CO{sub 3} which must be converted to NaOH (the so called causticizing requirement) is increased. This arises because sulfur is released as Na{sub 2}S during conventional kraft black liquor recovery, while during gasification the sodium associated Na{sub 2}S is partly or fully converted to Na{sub 2}CO{sub 3}. The causticizing requirement can be eliminated by including a TiO{sub 2} based cyclic process called direct causticization. In this process black liquor is gasified in the presence of (low sodium content) titanates which convert Na{sub 2}CO{sub 3} to (high sodium content) titanates. NaOH is formed when contacting the latter titanates with water, thereby eliminating the causticizing requirement entirely. The leached and low sodium titanates are returned to the gasification process. The project team comprised the University of Maine (UM), North Carolina State University (NCSU) and MTCI/ThermoChem. NCSU and MTCI are subcontractors to UM. The principal organization for the contract is UM. NCSU investigated the techno-economics of using advanced pulping techniques which fully utilize the unique cooking liquors produced by steam reforming of black liquor (Task 1). UM studied the kinetics and agglomeration problems of the conversion of Na{sub 2}CO{sub 3} to (high sodium) titanates during gasification of black liquor in the presence of (low sodium) titanates or TiO{sub 2} (Task 2). MTCI/ThermoChem tested the performance and operability of the combined technology of steam reforming and direct causticization in their Process Development Unit (PDU) (Task 3). The specific objectives were: (1) to investigate how split sulfidity and polysulfide (+ AQ) pulping can be used to increase pulp fiber yield and properties compared to conventional kraft pulping; (2) to determine the economics of black liquor gasification combined with these pulping technologies in comparison with conventional kraft pulping and black liquor recovery; (3) to determine the effect of operating conditions on the kinetics of the titanate-based direct causticization reaction during black liquor gasification at relatively low temperatures ({le} 750 C); (4) to determine the mechanism of particle agglomeration during gasification of black liquor in the presence of titanates at relatively low temperatures ({le} 750 C); and (5) to verify performance and operability of the combined technology of steam reforming and direct causticization of black liquor in a pilot scale fluidized bed test facility.

Adriaan van Heiningen

2007-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

15

Operational simulation model of the raw material handling in an integrated steel making plant  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article is focused on the design and implementation of an operational simulation model (OSM) of the handling of raw material in an integrated steel making plant, considering operations of receiving, unloading, stocking, handling and supplying the ...

Robson Jacinto Coelho; Paula Fernandes Lana; Adriano César Silva; Takeo Fugiwara Santos; ArcelorMittal Tubarão; Marcelo Moretti Fioroni; Luiz Augusto G. Franzese; Daniel de Oliveira Mota; Paragon Tecnologia; Luiz Bueno da Silva

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Energy analysis of an integrated steel mill: Outokumpu Stainless – Avesta Works.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Knowledge about variations in energy use for energy intensive industries is becoming more important due to rising fuel prices and international competition. Many industries will… (more)

Kamb, Viktor

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Design of an Integrated System to Recycle Zircaloy Cladding Using a Hydride-Milling-Dehydride Process  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A process for recycling spent nuclear fuel cladding, a zirconium alloy (Zircaloy), into a metal powder that may be used for advanced nuclear fuel applications, was investigated to determine if it is a viable strategy. The process begins with hydriding the Zircaloy cladding hulls after the spent nuclear fuel has been dissolved from the cladding. The addition of hydrogen atoms to the zirconium matrix stresses the lattice and forms brittle zirconium hydride, which is easily pulverized into a powder. The dehydriding process removes hydrogen by heating the powder in a vacuum, resulting in a zirconium metal powder. The two main objectives of this research are to investigate the dehydriding process and to design, build and demonstrate a specialized piece of equipment to process the zirconium from cladding hulls to metal powder without intermediate handling. The hydriding process (known from literature) took place in a 95 percent argon - 5 percent hydrogen atmosphere at 500 degrees C while the dehydriding process conditions were researched with a Thermogavimetric Analyzer (TGA). Data from the TGA showed the dehydriding process requires vacuum conditions (~0.001 bar) and 800 degrees C environment to decompose the zirconium hydride. Zirconium metal powder was created in two separate experiments with different milling times, 45 minutes (coarse powder) and 12 hours (fine powder). Both powders were analyzed by three separate analytical methods, X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), size characterization and digital micrographs. XRD analysis proved that the process produced a zirconium metal. Additionally, visual observations of the samples silvery color confirmed the presence of zirconium metal. The presence on zirconium metal in the two samples confirmed the operation of the hydriding / milling / hydriding machine. Further refining of the hydride / milling / dehydride machine could make this process commercially favorable when compared to the high cost of storing nuclear waste and its components. An additional important point is that this process can easily be used on other metals that are subject to hydrogen embrittlement, knowing the relevant temperatures and pressures associated with the hydriding / dehydriding of that particular metal.

Kelley, Randy Dean

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

New industrial heat pump applications to an integrated thermomechanical pulp and paper mill  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Application of pinch technology US industries in an early screening study done by TENSA Services (DOE/ID/12583-1) identified potential for heat pumps in several industrial sectors. Among these, processes with large evaporation units were found to be some of the most promising sectors for advanced heat pump placement. This report summarizes the results of a study for Bowater Incorporated, Carolina Division. The units selected for this study are the thermo-mechanical pulper (TMP), kraft digester, evaporators, boiler feed water (BFW) train and pulp dryer. Based on the present level of operation, the following recommendations are made: 1. Install a mechanical vapor compression (MVR) heat pump between the TMP mill and {number sign}3 evaporator. This heat pump will compress the 22 psig steam from the TMP heat recovery system and use it to replace about 70% of the 60 psig steam required in {number sign} evaporator. The boiler feed water heat losses (in the low pressure deaerator) will be supplied by heat available in the TMR's zero psig vent steam. 2. Study the digester to verify the practicality of installing an MVR heat pump which will compress the dirty weapons from the cyclone separator. The compressed vapors can be directly injected into the digester and thus reduce the 135 psig steam consumption. 31 figs., 9 tabs.

Not Available

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Carbon Emissions: Iron and Steel Industry  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy-Related Carbon Emissions for Selected Iron and Steel Industries, 1994. Besides steel mills and blast furnaces, the primary metals industry also ...

20

Formability of Advanced High Strength Steels Determined by ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

New Rail Steels for the 21st Century · Overview of Bainite Models Applicable ... Research on the Mill Pacing Technology on Plate Mill · Simulating Fabrication of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "integrated steel mills" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Evan Mills  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Evan Mills Evan Mills Residential Building Systems Group Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory 1 Cyclotron Road MS 90R2000 Berkeley CA 94720 Office Location: 90-2058 (510) 486-6784...

22

Corn Milling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... facilities include processing and storage tanks, screening and sizing equipment, grind mills, high pressure steam boilers, centrifuges, rotary ...

23

Cassie Mills  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Cassie Mills is a communications associate in the Advanced Manufacturing Office in the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy.

24

Development of Bottom-up Representation of Industrial Energy Efficiency Technologies in Integrated Assessment Models for the Iron and Steel Sector  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Adoption of efficient end-use technologies is one of the key measures for reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. With the working of energy programs and policies on carbon regulation, how to effectively analyze and manage the costs associated with GHG reductions become extremely important for the industry and policy makers around the world. Energy-climate (EC) models are often used for analyzing the costs of reducing GHG emissions (e.g., carbon emission) for various emission-reduction measures, because an accurate estimation of these costs is critical for identifying and choosing optimal emission reduction measures, and for developing related policy options to accelerate market adoption and technology implementation. However, accuracies of assessing of GHG-emission reduction costs by taking into account the adoption of energy efficiency technologies will depend on how well these end-use technologies are represented in integrated assessment models (IAM) and other energy-climate models. In this report, we first conduct brief overview on different representations of end-use technologies (mitigation measures) in various energy-climate models, followed by problem statements, and a description of the basic concepts of quantifying the cost of conserved energy including integrating non-regrets options. A non-regrets option is defined as a GHG reduction option that is cost effective, without considering their additional benefits related to reducing GHG emissions. Based upon these, we develop information on costs of mitigation measures and technological change. These serve as the basis for collating the data on energy savings and costs for their future use in integrated assessment models. In addition to descriptions of the iron and steel making processes, and the mitigation measures identified in this study, the report includes tabulated databases on costs of measure implementation, energy savings, carbon-emission reduction, and lifetimes. The cost curve data on mitigation measures are available over time, which allows an estimation of technological change over a decade-long historical period. In particular, the report will describe new treatment of technological change in energy-climate modeling for this industry sector, i.e., assessing the changes in costs and energy-savings potentials via comparing 1994 and 2002 conservation supply curves. In this study, we compared the same set of mitigation measures for both 1994 and 2002 -- no additional mitigation measure for year 2002 was included due to unavailability of such data. Therefore, the estimated potentials in total energy savings and carbon reduction would most likely be more conservative for year 2002 in this study. Based upon the cost curves, the rate of change in the savings potential at a given cost can be evaluated and be used to estimate future rates of change that can be the input for energy-climate models. Through characterizing energy-efficiency technology costs and improvement potentials, we have developed and presented energy cost curves for energy efficiency measures applicable to the U.S. iron and steel industry for the years 1994 and 2002. The cost curves can change significantly under various scenarios: the baseline year, discount rate, energy intensity, production, industry structure (e.g., integrated versus secondary steel making and number of plants), efficiency (or mitigation) measures, share of iron and steel production to which the individual measures can be applied, and inclusion of other non-energy benefits. Inclusion of other non-energy benefits from implementing mitigation measures can reduce the costs of conserved energy significantly. In addition, costs of conserved energy (CCE) for individual mitigation measures increase with the increases in discount rates, resulting in a general increase in total cost of mitigation measures for implementation and operation with a higher discount rate. In 1994, integrated steel mills in the U.S. produced 55.

Xu, T.T.; Sathaye, J.; Galitsky, C.

2010-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

25

Evan Mills  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Evan Mills Evan Mills Evan Mills Residential Building Systems Group Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory 1 Cyclotron Road MS 90R2000 Berkeley CA 94720 Office Location: 90-2058 (510) 486-6784 EMills@lbl.gov Evan Mills is a Staff Scientist in the Building Technology and Urban Systems Department, and has worked in the energy efficiency field since 1982. His core commercial-buildings expertise is in energy benchmarking, commissioning, high-tech buildings, risk management, and the efficiency business case. He is a frequent speaker to academic and industry audiences on buildings energy efficiency, author of over 200 publications, and member of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, which shared the 2007 Nobel Peace Prize. He is recipient of an R&D 100 award for commercializing

26

Andrew Mills  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Andrew D. Mills Andrew D. Mills Andrew Mills Electricity Markets and Policy Group Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory 1 Cyclotron Road MS 90R4000 Berkeley CA 94720 Office Location: 90-4126J (510) 486-4059 ADMills@lbl.gov Andrew D. Mills is a Principal Research Associate in the Electricity Markets and Policy Group at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. Andrew conducts research and provides policy analysis on renewables and transmission, including power system operations and valuation of wind and solar. Andrew's has published his research in Energy Policy and was a contributing author to the IPCC Special Report on Renewable Energy. Previously, Andrew worked with All Cell Technologies, a battery technologystart-up company. Andrew has an M.S. in Energy and Resources from UC Berkeley and a B.S. in

27

Effect of Cryogenic Milling on the Properties of Fe-14Cr ODS Powder  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Generally, ODS steel is produced by high energy ball milling process in order to ... The mixture of Fe and Y2O3 powder was ball milled for 10 hours at room ...

28

Assessment of Energy Efficiency Improvement and CO2 Emission Reduction Potentials in the Iron and Steel Industry in China  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in EAF plants Energy monitoring and management systems insteel mills Energy monitoring and management systems in EAFEAF steel mills, energy monitoring and management systems in

Hasanbeigi, Ali

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Cargill Corn Milling North America  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Manufacturing. Cargill Corn Milling North America. Cargill employees (Photo courtesy of Cargill Corn Milling North America). ...

2010-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

30

Integration of the Mini-Sulfide Sulfite Anthraquinone (MSS-AQ) Pulping Process and Black Liquor Gasification in a Pulp Mill  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As many of the recovery boilers and other pieces of large capital equipment of U.S. pulp mills are nearing the end of their useful life, the pulp and paper industry will soon need to make long-term investments in new technologies. The ability to install integrated, complete systems that are highly efficient will impact the industry’s energy use for decades to come. Developing a process for these new systems is key to the adoption of state-of-the-art technologies in the Forest Products industry. This project defined an integrated process model that combines mini-sulfide sulfite anthraquinone (MSS-AQ) pulping and black liquor gasification with a proprietary desulfurization process developed by the Research Triangle Institute. Black liquor gasification is an emerging technology that enables the use of MSS-AQ pulping, which results in higher yield, lower bleaching cost, lower sulfur emissions, and the elimination of causticization requirements. The recently developed gas cleanup/absorber technology can clean the product gas to a state suitable for use in a gas turbine and also regenerate the pulping chemicals needed to for the MSS-AQ pulping process. The combination of three advanced technologies into an integrated design will enable the pulping industry to achieve a new level of efficiency, environmental performance, and cost savings. Because the three technologies are complimentary, their adoption as a streamlined package will ensure their ability to deliver maximum energy and cost savings benefits. The process models developed by this project will enable the successful integration of new technologies into the next generation of chemical pulping mills. When compared to the Kraft reference pulp, the MSS-AQ procedures produced pulps with a 10-15 % yield benefit and the ISO brightness was 1.5-2 times greater. The pulp refined little easier and had a slightly lower apparent sheet density (In both the cases). At similar levels of tear index the MSS-AQ pulps also produced a comparable tensile and burst index pulps. Product gas composition determined using computer simulations The results demonstrate that RVS-1 can effectively remove > 99.8% of the H2S present in simulated synthesis gas generated from the gasification of black liquor. This level of sulfur removal was consistent over simulated synthesis gas mixtures that contained from 6 to 9.5 vol % H2S.A significant amount of the sulfur in the simulated syngas was recovered as SO2 during regeneration. The average recovery of sulfur as SO2 was about 75%. Because these are first cycle results, this sulfur recovery is expected to improve. Developed WINGems model of the process.The total decrease in variable operating costs for the BLG process compared to the HERB was in excess of $6,200,000 per year for a mill producing 350,000 tons of pulp per year. This represents a decrease in operating cost of about $17.7/ton of oven dry pulp produced. There will be additional savings in labor and maintenance cost that has not been taken into account. The capital cost for the MSSAQ based gasifier system was estimated at $164,000,000, which is comparable to a High Efficiency Recovery Boiler. The return on investment was estimated at 4%. A gasifier replacement cannot be justified on its own, however if the recovery boiler needs to be replaced the MSSAQ gasifier system shows significantly higher savings. Before black liquor based gasifer technology can be commercialized more work is necessary. The recovery of the absorbed sulfur in the absorbent as sulfur dioxide is only 75%. This needs to be greater than 90% for economical operation. It has been suggested that as the number of cycles is increased the sulfur dioxide recovery might improve. Further research is necessary. Even though a significant amount of work has been done on a pilot scale gasifiers using liquors containing sulfur, both at low and high temperatures the lack of a commercial unit is an impediment to the implementation of the MSSAQ technology. The implementation of a commercial unit needs to be facilated before the benefits of

Hasan Jameel, North Carolina State University; Adrianna Kirkman, North Carolina State University; Ravi Chandran,Thermochem Recovery International Brian Turk Research Triangle Institute; Brian Green, Research Triangle Institute

2010-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

31

Integration of the Mini-Sulfide Sulfite Anthraquinone (MSS-AQ) Pulping Process and Black Liquor Gasification in a Pulp Mill  

SciTech Connect

As many of the recovery boilers and other pieces of large capital equipment of U.S. pulp mills are nearing the end of their useful life, the pulp and paper industry will soon need to make long-term investments in new technologies. The ability to install integrated, complete systems that are highly efficient will impact the industry’s energy use for decades to come. Developing a process for these new systems is key to the adoption of state-of-the-art technologies in the Forest Products industry. This project defined an integrated process model that combines mini-sulfide sulfite anthraquinone (MSS-AQ) pulping and black liquor gasification with a proprietary desulfurization process developed by the Research Triangle Institute. Black liquor gasification is an emerging technology that enables the use of MSS-AQ pulping, which results in higher yield, lower bleaching cost, lower sulfur emissions, and the elimination of causticization requirements. The recently developed gas cleanup/absorber technology can clean the product gas to a state suitable for use in a gas turbine and also regenerate the pulping chemicals needed to for the MSS-AQ pulping process. The combination of three advanced technologies into an integrated design will enable the pulping industry to achieve a new level of efficiency, environmental performance, and cost savings. Because the three technologies are complimentary, their adoption as a streamlined package will ensure their ability to deliver maximum energy and cost savings benefits. The process models developed by this project will enable the successful integration of new technologies into the next generation of chemical pulping mills. When compared to the Kraft reference pulp, the MSS-AQ procedures produced pulps with a 10-15 % yield benefit and the ISO brightness was 1.5-2 times greater. The pulp refined little easier and had a slightly lower apparent sheet density (In both the cases). At similar levels of tear index the MSS-AQ pulps also produced a comparable tensile and burst index pulps. Product gas composition determined using computer simulations The results demonstrate that RVS-1 can effectively remove > 99.8% of the H2S present in simulated synthesis gas generated from the gasification of black liquor. This level of sulfur removal was consistent over simulated synthesis gas mixtures that contained from 6 to 9.5 vol % H2S.A significant amount of the sulfur in the simulated syngas was recovered as SO2 during regeneration. The average recovery of sulfur as SO2 was about 75%. Because these are first cycle results, this sulfur recovery is expected to improve. Developed WINGems model of the process.The total decrease in variable operating costs for the BLG process compared to the HERB was in excess of $6,200,000 per year for a mill producing 350,000 tons of pulp per year. This represents a decrease in operating cost of about $17.7/ton of oven dry pulp produced. There will be additional savings in labor and maintenance cost that has not been taken into account. The capital cost for the MSSAQ based gasifier system was estimated at $164,000,000, which is comparable to a High Efficiency Recovery Boiler. The return on investment was estimated at 4%. A gasifier replacement cannot be justified on its own, however if the recovery boiler needs to be replaced the MSSAQ gasifier system shows significantly higher savings. Before black liquor based gasifer technology can be commercialized more work is necessary. The recovery of the absorbed sulfur in the absorbent as sulfur dioxide is only 75%. This needs to be greater than 90% for economical operation. It has been suggested that as the number of cycles is increased the sulfur dioxide recovery might improve. Further research is necessary. Even though a significant amount of work has been done on a pilot scale gasifiers using liquors containing sulfur, both at low and high temperatures the lack of a commercial unit is an impediment to the implementation of the MSSAQ technology. The implementation of a commercial unit needs to be facilated before the benefits of

Hasan Jameel, North Carolina State University; Adrianna Kirkman, North Carolina State University; Ravi Chandran,Thermochem Recovery International Brian Turk Research Triangle Institute; Brian Green, Research Triangle Institute

2010-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

32

Seismic Design of Steel Special Concentrically Braced Frame ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... and the Association of Iron and Steel Technology (AIST) Mill Buildings Committee. ... in cases where brace sizes are governed by wind loads or by ...

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Milling Techniques - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

February 4-8 · 1996 TMS ANNUAL MEETING · Anaheim, California. SYNTHESIS AND PROCESSING OF NANOCRYSTALLINE POWDER III: Milling Techniques ...

34

SQA(TM): Surface Quality Assured Steel Bar Program  

SciTech Connect

OG Technologies, Inc. (OGT) has led this SQA (Surface Quality Assured Steel Bar) program to solve the major surface quality problems plaguing the US special quality steel bars and rods industry and their customers, based on crosscutting sensors and controls technologies. Surface defects in steel formed in a hot rolling process are one of the most common quality issues faced by the American steel industry, accounting for roughly 50% of the rejects or 2.5% of the total shipment. Unlike other problems such as the mechanical properties of the steel product, most surface defects are sporadic and cannot be addressed based on sampling techniques. This issue hurts the rolling industry and their customers in their process efficiency and operational costs. The goal of this program is to develop and demonstrate an SQA prototype, with synergy of HotEye® and other innovations, that enables effective rolling process control and efficient quality control. HotEye®, OGT’s invention, delivers high definition images of workpieces at or exceeding 1,450?C while the workpieces travel at 100 m/s. The elimination of surface defect rejects will be achieved through the integration of imaging-based quality assessment, advanced signal processing, predictive process controls and the integration with other quality control tools. The SQA program team, composed of entities capable of and experienced in (1) research, (2) technology manufacturing, (3) technology sales and marketing, and (4) technology end users, is very strong. There were 5 core participants: OGT, Georgia Institute of Technology (GIT), University of Wisconsin (UW), Charter Steel (Charter) and ArcelorMittal Indiana Harbor (Inland). OGT served as the project coordinator. OGT participated in both research and commercialization. GIT and UW provided significant technical inputs to this SQA project. The steel mills provided access to their rolling lines for data collection, design of experiments, host of technology test and verification, and first-hand knowledge of the most advanced rolling line operation in the US. This project lasted 5 years with 5 major tasks. The team successfully worked through the tasks with deliverables in detection, data analysis and process control. Technologies developed in this project were commercialized as soon as they were ready. For instance, the advanced surface defect detection algorithms were integrated into OGT’s HotEye® RSB systems late 2005, resulting in a more matured product serving the steel industry. In addition to the commercialization results, the SQA team delivered 7 papers and 1 patent. OGT was also recognized by two prestigious awards, including the R&D100 Award in 2006. To date, this SQA project has started to make an impact in the special bar quality industry. The resulted product, HotEye® RSB systems have been accepted by quality steel mills worldwide. Over 16 installations were completed, including 1 in Argentina, 2 in Canada, 2 in China, 2 in Germany, 2 in Japan, and 7 in the U.S. Documented savings in reduced internal rejects, improved customer satisfaction and simplified processes were reported from various mills. In one case, the mill reported over 50% reduction in its scrap, reflecting a significant saving in energy and reduction in emission. There exist additional applications in the steel industry where the developed technologies can be used. OGT is working toward bringing the developed technologies to more applications. Examples are: in-line inspection and process control for continuous casting, steel rails, and seamless tube manufacturing.

Tzyy-Shuh Chang; Jianjun Shi; Shiyu Zhou

2009-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

35

Development of Bottom-up Representation of Industrial Energy Efficiency Technologies in Integrated Assessment Models for the Iron and Steel Sector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1982. Energy and the Steel Industry, Brussels, Belgium:in the Canadian Steel Industry, Ottawa, Canada: CANMET.in the Iron and Steel Industry,” in: Proceedings 1997 ACEEE

Xu, T.T.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Focused helium ion beam milling and deposition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The use of a helium ion microscope with an integrated gas injection system for nanofabrication is explored by demonstrating the milling of fine features into single layered graphene and the controlled deposition of tungsten and platinum wires from gaseous ... Keywords: Beam-induced deposition, Focused ion beam, Gas injection system, Graphene, Helium ion microscope

S. A. Boden; Z. Moktadir; D. M. Bagnall; H. Mizuta; H. N. Rutt

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Feasibility analysis of recycling radioactive scrap steel  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this study is to: (1) establish a conceptual design that integrates commercial steel mill technology with radioactive scrap metal (RSM) processing to produce carbon and stainless steel sheet and plate at a grade suitable for fabricating into radioactive waste containers; (2) determine the economic feasibility of building a micro-mill in the Western US to process 30,000 tons of RSM per year from both DOE and the nuclear utilities; and (3) provide recommendations for implementation. For purposes of defining the project, it is divided into phases: economic feasibility and conceptual design; preliminary design; detail design; construction; and operation. This study comprises the bulk of Phase 1. It is divided into four sections. Section 1 provides the reader with a complete overview extracting pertinent data, recommendations and conclusions from the remainder of the report. Section 2 defines the variables that impact the design requirements. These data form the baseline to create a preliminary conceptual design that is technically sound, economically viable, and capitalizes on economies of scale. Priorities governing the design activities are: (1) minimizing worker exposure to radionuclide hazards, (2) maximizing worker safety, (3) minimizing environmental contamination, (4) minimizing secondary wastes, and (5) establishing engineering controls to insure that the plant will be granted a license in the state selected for operation. Section 3 provides details of the preliminary conceptual design that was selected. The cost of project construction is estimated and the personnel needed to support the steel-making operation and radiological and environmental control are identified. Section 4 identifies the operational costs and supports the economic feasibility analysis. A detailed discussion of the resulting conclusions and recommendations is included in this section.

Nichols, F. [Manufacturing Sciences Corp., Woodland, WA (United States); Balhiser, B. [MSE, Inc., Butte, MT (United States); Cignetti, N. [Cignetti Associates, North Canton, OH (United States)] [and others

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Analysing the potential for steam savings in TMP mills using the HLMPP tool.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Thermo mechanical pulp (TMP) mills are large consumers of both steam and electricity. Large energy savings can be achieved through investments in thermal process integration… (more)

Michel, Grègory

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

"Invisible" Archaeological Deposits at Small Milling Sites  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Deposits at Small Milling Sites ROBERT E. PARR and MARK Q.architechire, bedrock milling features, soil colorlithic scatters or bedrock milling stations), it appears

Parr, Robert E.; Sutton, Mark Q.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Superior Steel Co - PA 03  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

site; January 27, 1995 PA.03-4 - ORNLDOE Preliminary Survey; T.E. Myrick and C. Clark; Preliminary Site Survey Report for the Former Superior Steel Mill at Carnegie,...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "integrated steel mills" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Yang-Mills redux  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is noted that a given pairing of the phase factor and gauge transformation to retain gauge symmetry is not unique. In their seminal paper, when Yang and Mills (YM) discuss the phase factor- gauge transformation relationship, they cite Pauli’s review paper. It is interesting that although Pauli in that paper presents the electromagnetic field strength in terms of a commutator, for whatever reason YM did not extrapolate the commutator’s use to obtain the Yang-Mills field strength – they obtained it by trial and error. Presented is a derivation of this field strength using the commutator approach detailing how certain terms cancel each other. Finally, the Yang-Mills field transformation is derived in a slightly different way than is traditionally done. 1

Samuel L. Marateck

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

RAFFINATE CHARACTERIZATION PION RIDGE MILL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

were: I. The Uranium Fuel Cycle Facilities 2. Underground Uranium Mines 3. Inactive Uranium Mill Tailings 4. Licensed Uranium Mill Tailings 5. High-Level Waste Disposal Facilities 6. Department of Energy-2 ...........................................1.2.2 Uranium Mills 1-2 ...............................1.2.3 Uranium Conversion Facilities 1

43

Steel Cermets  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cermets Steel Cermets The documents below provide information about depleted uranium use in steel cermets for spent nuclear fuel. PDF Melted and Granulated Depleted Uranium Dioxide...

44

Development of Bottom-up Representation of Industrial Energy Efficiency Technologies in Integrated Assessment Models for the Iron and Steel Sector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy savings with discounts rates 10%, 20% and 30% in the U.S. iron and steel industryenergy savings with discounts rates 10%, 20% and 30% in the U.S. iron and steel industry.

Xu, T.T.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Approximation Algorithm for Multiple-Tool Milling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Milling is the mechanical process of removing material from a piece of stock through the use of a rapidly spinning circular milling tool in order to form some desired geometric shape. An important problem in computer-aided design and manufacturing is the automated generation of efficient milling plans for computerized numerically controlled (CNC) milling machines. Among the most common milling problems is simple 2-dimensional pocket milling: cut a given 2-dimensional region down to some constant depth using a given set of milling tools. Most of the research in this area has focused on generating such milling plans assuming that the machine has a tool of a single size. Since modern CNC milling machines typically have access to a number of milling tools of various sizes and the ability to change tools automatically, this raises the important optimization problem of generating efficient milling plans that take advantage of this capability to reduce the total milling time. We consider the ...

Sunil Arya; Siu-Wing Cheng; David M. Mount

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Colony Mills Limited | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mills Limited Jump to: navigation, search Name Colony Mills Limited Place Lahore, Pakistan Sector Solar Product Yarn manufacturer, plans to set up solar thermal plant....

47

Mills, Dams, and Reservoirs (Massachusetts) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

You are here You are here Home » Mills, Dams, and Reservoirs (Massachusetts) Mills, Dams, and Reservoirs (Massachusetts) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Water Buying & Making Electricity Home Weatherization Program Info State Massachusetts Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider Department of Conservation and Recreation This chapter of the Massachusetts General Laws outlines procedures to

48

Alloy by Double Mechanical Milling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The results show that the morphology of double mechanical milling powder is regular and the TiAl phase and Ti3Al phase were observed in the powders.

49

VOC Control in Kraft Mills  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The formation of volatile organic compounds (VOCs), such as methanol, in kraft mills has been an environmental concern. Methanol is soluble in water and can increase the biochemical oxygen demand. Furthermore, it can also be released into atmosphere at the process temperatures of kraft mill-streams. The Cluster Rule of the EPA now requires the control of the release of methanol in pulp and paper mills. This research program was conducted to develop a computer simulation tool for mills to predict VOC air emissions. To achieve the objective of the research program, much effort was made in the development of analytical techniques for the analysis of VOC and determination of vapor liquid partitioning coefficient of VOCs in kraft mill-streams using headspace gas chromatography. With the developed analytical tool, methanol formation in alkaline pulping was studied in laboratory to provide benchmark data of the amount of methanol formation in pulping in kraft mills and for the validation of VOC formation and vapor-liquid equilibrium submodels. Several millwide air and liquid samplings were conducted using the analytical tools developed to validate the simulation tool. The VOC predictive simulation model was developed based on the basic chemical engineering concepts, i.e., reaction kinetics, vapor liquid equilibrium, combined with computerized mass and energy balances. Four kraft mill case studies (a continuous digester, two brownstock washing lines, and a pre-evaporator system) are presented and compared with mill measurements. These case studies provide valuable, technical information for issues related to MACT I and MACT II compliance, such as condensate collection and Clean-Condensate-Alternatives (CCA).

Zhu, J.Y.; Chai, X.-S.; Edwards, L.L.; Gu, Y.; Teja, A.S.; Kirkman, A.G.; Pfromm, P.H.; Rezac, M.E.

2001-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

50

Yang-Mills algebra.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Some unexpected properties of the cubic algebra generated by the covariant derivatives of a generic Yang-Mills connection over the (s+1)-dimensional pseudo Euclidean space are pointed out. This algebra is Gorenstein and Koszul of global dimension 3 but except for s=1 (i.e. in the 2-dimensional case) where it is the universal enveloping algebra of the Heisenberg Lie algebra and is a cubic Artin-Schelter regular algebra, it fails to be regular in that it has exponential growth. We give an explicit formula for the Poincare series of this algebra A and for the dimension in degree n of the graded Lie algebra of which A is the universal enveloping algebra. In the 4-dimensional (i.e. s=3) Euclidean case, a quotient of this algebra is the quadratic algebra generated by the covariant derivatives of a generic (anti) self-dual connection. This latter algebra is Koszul of global dimension 2 but is not Gorenstein and has exponential growth. It is the universal enveloping algebra of the graded Lie-algebra which is the semi-direct product of the free Lie algebra with three generators of degree one by a derivation of degree one.

Alain Connes; Michel Dubois-Violette.

51

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Guterl Specialty Steel - NY 12  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Guterl Specialty Steel - NY 12 Guterl Specialty Steel - NY 12 FUSRAP Considered Sites Guterl Specialty Steel, NY Alternate Name(s): Simonds Saw and Steel Co. Guterl Steel Allegheny Ludlum Steel Corp. NY.12-1 NY.12-2 Location: Ohio Street and Route 95, Lockport, New York NY.12-12 Historical Operations: Performed rolling mill operations on natural uranium and thorium metal. NY.12-6 NY.12-7 Eligibility Determination: NY.12-11 Radiological Survey(s): Assessment Surveys NY.12-1 NY.12-4 NY.12-8 NY.12-9 NY.12-12 Site Status: Cleanup pending by U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. NY.12-10 NY.12-11 USACE Website Long-term Care Requirements: To be determined upon completion. Also see Documents Related to Guterl Specialty Steel, NY NY.12-1 - ORNL Letter; Cottrell to Turi; Radiological Survey of the

52

Efficient Tool Paths and Part Orientation for Face Milling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Avoiding Tool Exit in Planar Milling by Adjusting Width oftime. The most common face milling tool paths employed areand Part Orientation for Face Milling A. Rangarajan 1 , D.

Rangarajan, Arvind; Dornfeld, David

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Milling Stone Cultures in Northern California: Berryessa I  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Weight 313 g. Edge angle MILLING STONE CULTURES IN NORTHERNSite and the Early Milling Stone Cultures of SouthernMilling Stone Cultures in Northern California: Berryessa I

True, D. L; Baumhoff, M. A; Hellen, J. E

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Feasible Offset Region Based Tool Path Planning for Face Milling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Path Planning for Face Milling, Masters Report, UniversityPath Planning for Face Milling Prabhu Ramachandran Sponsoredburr formation while face milling powertrain components in

Ramachandran, Prabhu; Dornfeld, David A

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Review of Geometric Solutions for Milling Burr Prediction and Minimization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

height and thickness in face milling operation. Trans. ASME,Burr prediction system for face milling operation. Mastersminimi- zation in face milling: a geometric approach. Trans,

Tripathi, Shantanu; Dornfeld, David

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Comments of Mille Lacs Energy Cooperative | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Mille Lacs Energy Cooperative Comments of Mille Lacs Energy Cooperative Comments of Mille Lacs Energy Cooperative on Implementing the National Broadband Plan by Studying the...

57

AFA Steels  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

AFA Steels Home AFA Steels Home Contacts Goal Advanced Research Material Projects Related Links CF8C-Plus Steels MSTD Corrosion Science & Technology Group Oak Ridge National Laboratory ORNL Fossil Energy Program ORNL Industrial Technologies Program U.S. Department of Energy Office of Fossil Energy Advanced Research Materials Program Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Industrial Technologies Program Distributed Energy Program Comments AFA: Alumina-Forming Austenitic Stainless Steels AFA stainless steels boast an increased upper-temperature oxidation, or corrosion, limit that is 100 to 400 degrees Fahrenheit higher than that of conventional stainless steels. These new alloys deliver this superior oxidation resistance with high-temperature strengths approaching that of

58

Gas fluidized-bed stirred media mill  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A gas fluidized-bed stirred media mill is provided for comminuting solid ticles. The mill includes a housing enclosing a porous fluidizing gas diffuser plate, a baffled rotor and stator, a hollow drive shaft with lateral vents, and baffled gas exhaust exit ports. In operation, fluidizing gas is forced through the mill, fluidizing the raw material and milling media. The rotating rotor, stator and milling media comminute the raw material to be ground. Small entrained particles may be carried from the mill by the gas through the exit ports when the particles reach a very fine size.

Sadler, III, Leon Y. (Tuscaloosa, AL)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Superior Steel  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

which contains Mississippian to Pennsylvanian (Carboniferous) Formations exhibiting coal resources. Superior Steel likely is underlain by the Conemaugh andor the Monogahela...

60

Steels I  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 13, 2012 ... During service, Reactor Pressure Vessel (RPV) steels harden as a result of the ... Research supported by ORNL's Shared Research Equipment ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "integrated steel mills" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Line Pipe Needs, Performance and Mill Steel Processing to Meet ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... to Meet Demands for Offshore Deepwater Developments in the Gulf-of-Mexico ... for drilling risers, tension leg platform tendons, production gathering systems ...

62

Hydrogen embrittlement of structural steels.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Carbon-manganese steels are candidates for the structural materials in hydrogen gas pipelines, however it is well known that these steels are susceptible to hydrogen embrittlement. Decades of research and industrial experience have established that hydrogen embrittlement compromises the structural integrity of steel components. This experience has also helped identify the failure modes that can operate in hydrogen containment structures. As a result, there are tangible ideas for managing hydrogen embrittement in steels and quantifying safety margins for steel hydrogen containment structures. For example, fatigue crack growth aided by hydrogen embrittlement is a key failure mode for steel hydrogen containment structures subjected to pressure cycling. Applying appropriate structural integrity models coupled with measurement of relevant material properties allows quantification of safety margins against fatigue crack growth in hydrogen containment structures. Furthermore, application of these structural integrity models is aided by the development of micromechanics models, which provide important insights such as the hydrogen distribution near defects in steel structures. The principal objective of this project is to enable application of structural integrity models to steel hydrogen pipelines. The new American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) B31.12 design code for hydrogen pipelines includes a fracture mechanics-based design option, which requires material property inputs such as the threshold for rapid cracking and fatigue crack growth rate under cyclic loading. Thus, one focus of this project is to measure the rapid-cracking thresholds and fatigue crack growth rates of line pipe steels in high-pressure hydrogen gas. These properties must be measured for the base materials but more importantly for the welds, which are likely to be most vulnerable to hydrogen embrittlement. The measured properties can be evaluated by predicting the performance of the pipeline using a relevant structural integrity model, such as that in ASME B31.12. A second objective of this project is to enable development of micromechanics models of hydrogen embrittlement in pipeline steels. The focus of this effort is to establish physical models of hydrogen embrittlement in line pipe steels using evidence from analytical techniques such as electron microscopy. These physical models then serve as the framework for developing sophisticated finite-element models, which can provide quantitative insight into the micromechanical state near defects. Understanding the micromechanics of defects can ensure that structural integrity models are applied accurately and conservatively.

Somerday, Brian P.

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Ivaco Rolling Mills LP, Chemistry Laboratory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ivaco Rolling Mills LP, Chemistry Laboratory. NVLAP Lab Code: 200143-0. Address and Contact Information: Highway 17 ...

2013-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

64

URANIUM MILL TAILINGS RADON FLUX CALCULATIONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

URANIUM MILL TAILINGS RADON FLUX CALCULATIONS PIÃ?ON RIDGE PROJECT MONTROSE COUNTY, COLORADO (EFRC) proposes to license, construct, and operate a conventional acid leach uranium and vanadium mill storage pad, and access roads. The mill is designed to process ore containing uranium and vanadium

65

Veeco Solar Equipment formerly Mill Lane Engineering | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Veeco Solar Equipment formerly Mill Lane Engineering Veeco Solar Equipment formerly Mill Lane Engineering Jump to: navigation, search Name Veeco Solar Equipment (formerly Mill Lane Engineering) Place Lowell, Massachusetts Zip 1851 Sector Solar Product Mill Lane Engineering is a privately held Massachusetts corporation that designs, builds, and integrates custom solar equipment and flexible solar panel coating systems. Coordinates 43.33937°, -88.817939° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":43.33937,"lon":-88.817939,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

66

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY WEIRTON STEEL CORPORATION...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

was requested to develop an integrated manufacturing information system (IMIS) for the steel industry. Accordingly, DOE, acting through its Office of Industrial Processes under...

67

Effect of cyclone assisted milling on legume flour characteristics and functionality in selected food products.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Legumes (cowpea and soybean) were milled using a cyclone-assisted attrition mill to produce fine legume flour. Milling variations consisted of alterations in mill design and… (more)

Jarrard, Mark, Jr.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Online SAG Mill Pluse Measurement and Optimization  

SciTech Connect

The grinding efficiency of semi autogenous milling or ball milling depends on the tumbling motion of the total charge within the mill. Utilization of this tumbling motion for efficient breakage of particles depends on the conditions inside the mill. However, any kind of monitoring device to measure the conditions inside the mill shell during operation is virtually impossible due to the severe environment presented by the tumbling charge. An instrumented grinding ball, which is capable of surviving a few hours and transmitting the impacts it experiences, is proposed here. The spectrum of impacts collected over 100 revolutions of the mills presents the signature of the grinding environment inside mill. This signature could be effectively used to optimize the milling performance by investigating this signature's relation to mill product size, mill throughput, make-up ball size, mill speed, liner profile and ball addition rates. At the same time, it can also be used to design balls and liner systems that can survive longer in the mill. The technological advances made in electronics and communication makes this leap in instrumentation certainly viable. Hence, the instrumented grinding ball offers the ability to qualitatively observe and optimize the milling environment. An instrumented load cell package that can measure the force of impacts inside the grinding chamber of a mill is developed here. The signal from the instrumented load cell package is interpreted in terms of a histogram termed as an impact spectrum which is a plot of the number of impacts at a specific energy level against the energy. It reflects on the average force regime of the mill. The instrumented load cell package was calibrated against the ultra fast load cell which has been unanimously accepted as a standard to measure single breakage events. The load cell package was successfully used to produce impact spectra in an 8.5 inch lab scale mill. The mill speed and the ball size were varied to study their effect on the impact spectra. A good correlation was found between the process variables and the impact spectra. The load cell package was then used in a 16 inch pilot scale mill. The mill speed, ball size, and mill filling were varied here and a consistent trend between these variables and impact spectra was observed. With a better understanding developed from the initial tests, the design of the load cell package was significantly changed to eliminate noise. With the new design, the impact spectra were re-determined in the 16 inch pilot mill varying the process variables - ball size, mill speed, and mill filling. Finally, it is successfully shown that a change in the operating variables of a mill can be seen in the impact spectra and that this concept can be successfully developed to monitor the grinding operation of industrial mills. To adapt it to industrial level it is mandatory to make the load cell package wireless. A design of a wireless circuit that is capable of transferring data at the required speed of 1000 kbps was also developed and tested at Cortez Gold Mines (CGM), Nevada.

Raj Rajamani; Jose Delgadillo; Vishal Duriseti

2007-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

69

Uranium mill monitoring for natural fission reactors  

SciTech Connect

Isotopic monitoring of the product stream from operating uranium mills is proposed for discovering other possible natural fission reactors; aspects of their occurrence and discovery are considered. Uranium mill operating characteristics are formulated in terms of the total uranium capacity, the uranium throughput, and the dilution half-time of the mill. The requirements for detection of milled reactor-zone uranium are expressed in terms of the dilution half-time and the sampling frequency. Detection of different amounts of reactor ore with varying degrees of /sup 235/U depletion is considered.

Apt, K.E.

1977-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Wet Corn Milling Plant EPI | ENERGY STAR  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Wet Corn Milling Plant EPI Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction...

71

The Bowersock Mills and Power Company 1874  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hydroelectric Energy The Bowersock Mills and Power Co., Lawrence, KS Hydroelectric Energy Potential for U.S. BMPC Plant At Forefront of Development Curve "In our estimates...

72

A Milling-Implement Quarry at Elephant Mountain, California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

pp. 191-221 (1995). A Milling-Implement Quarry at Elephantwere shaped into aboriginal milling stones and pestles andin the Mojave River region. The milling-implement quarry at

Schneider, Joan S; Lerch, Michael K; Smith, Gerald A

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Two Milling Stone Inventories from Northern San Diego County, California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2, pp. 233-261 (1982). Two Milling Stone Inventories from5. Manos from Rincon 301. MILLING STONE INVENTORIES FROM SANd-e) from Rincon 301. MILLING STONE INVENTORIES FROM SAN

True, D. L; Beemer, Eleanor

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Virtual cutter path display for dental milling machine  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents the prototype of a mixed reality system using the computer controlled dental milling machine, which is called MRD Mill. First, overview of the core dental milling machine developed in this study is ...

Ito, Teruaki

75

Clean Air Act Requirements: Uranium Mill Tailings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EPA'S Clean Air Act Requirements: Uranium Mill Tailings Radon Emissions Rulemaking Reid J. Rosnick Presentation to Environmental Protection Agency Uranium Contamination Radiation Protection Division (6608J requirements for operating uranium mill tailings (Subpart W) Status update on Subpart W activities Outreach

76

Tamil Nadu Spinning Mills Association TASMA | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

search Name Tamil Nadu Spinning Mills Association (TASMA) Place Dindigul, Tamil Nadu, India Zip 624003 Sector Wind energy Product Association of spinning mill owners; promoting...

77

NanoFab Tool: 4Wave Ion Milling System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 4Wave Ion Milling System. CORAL Name: Ion Mill. Location: Building 215 (NanoFab Clean Room Bay A106). Description: ...

2010-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

78

Fusion hierarchies for N = 4 superYang-Mills theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We employ the analytic Bethe Anzats to construct eigenvalues of transfer matrices with finite-dimensional atypical representations in the auxiliary space for the putative long-range spin chain encoding anomalous dimensions of all composite single-trace gauge invariant operators of the maximally supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory. They obey an infinite fusion hierarchy which can be reduced to a finite set of integral relations for a minimal set of transfer matrices. This set is used to derive a finite systems of functional equations for eigenvalues of nested Baxter polynomials.

A. V. Belitsky

2008-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

79

Yank-Mills fields and hypersurface twistors  

SciTech Connect

The author establishes a one-to-one correspondence between (not necessarily self-dual) solutions of the non-abelian source-free Yang-Mills equations on Minkowski space, and pairs of cohomology classes ({gamma}), ({phi}). If O(n) is the sheaf of holomorphic sections of the n{sup th} tensor power of the hyperplane line bundle over C P{sup 1}, and g is the Lie algebra of the gauge group, ({gamma}) {var epsilon} H{sub CR}{sup 1} (PN circumflex,g) and defines a deformation C-R({gamma}) of the canonical C-R structure on a principal bundle over PN circumflex, the subset of null twistor space PN, representing unscaled null geodesics in Minkowski space. ({phi}) {var epsilon} H{sub CR({gamma})}{sup 1} (PN,O({minus}4) {direct product} g). The spin-bundle over Minkowski space is used in the construction. This bundle is foliated by a congruence of lines; each of these lines projects into a null geodesic in Minkowski space, and corresponds to a point in N. The restriction S of the spin-bundle to a spacelike hyperplane in Minkowski space is transversal to this foliation, and PN is identified with S. ({gamma}) encodes certain components of the Yang-Mills connection on S, and ({phi}) encodes the self-dual part of the field on S. They give initial values for a system of evolution equations in the spin-bundle. This system is composed by four first order ordinary differential equations along the lines in the foliation of the spin-bundle, with some of the right-hand sides given by integrals on the fiber over a point in Minkowski space, and a partial differential equation on this fiber. The evolution equations simplify largely in the case of an abelian gauge group. In the case of anti-self-dual fields, the system reduces to two ordinary differential equations along the lines in the foliation of the spin-bundle, and the differential equation on the fiber over each point in Minkowski space. He studies the modifications in the construction when sources are present.

Fioravanti, M.A.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Wet Corn Milling Energy Guide  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

307 307 ERNEST ORLANDO LAWRENCE BERKELEY NATIONAL LABORATORY Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for the Corn Wet Milling Industry An ENERGY STAR Guide for Energy and Plant Managers Christina Galitsky, Ernst Worrell and Michael Ruth Environmental Energy Technologies Division Sponsored by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency July 2003 Disclaimer This document was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the United States Government. While this document is believed to contain correct information, neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor The Regents of the University of California, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product,

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "integrated steel mills" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Carbon Steels  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 1   Corrosion rates of carbon steel at various locations...Vancouver Island, BC, Canada Rural marine 13 0.5 Detroit, MI Industrial 14.5 0.57 Fort Amidor Pier, CZ Marine 14.5 0.57 Morenci, MI Urban 19.5 0.77 Potter County, PA Rural 20 0.8 Waterbury, CT Industrial 22.8 0.89 State College, PA Rural 23 0.9 Montreal, QC, Canada Urban 23 0.9 Durham, NH Rural 28 1.1...

82

Tool Steels  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 6   Examples of ion implantation in metalforming and cutting applications...tool steel Machining 4140 N 80 3� life Taps HSS Tapping 4140 N 80 3� life HSS Tapping 4130 N 80 5� life HSS Tapping 4140 N 50 10� life M35 Tapping � N 2 200 4� life M7 Tapping � N 100 2� life Cutting blade M2 Cutting 1050 N 100 2� life M2 Cutting SAE 950 N 100 4� life Dies D2 Forming 321 SS N 80...

83

Mille Lacs Energy Cooperative | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mille Lacs Energy Cooperative Mille Lacs Energy Cooperative (Redirected from Mille Lacs Electric Coop) Jump to: navigation, search Name Mille Lacs Energy Cooperative Place Minnesota Utility Id 12546 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location MRO NERC MRO Yes ISO MISO Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Dual Fuel Space Heating Rate Electric Combination Heating Rate Freedom Heating Rate Residential General Service Residential Green Power Energy Large Power Commercial Large Power - Industrial Industrial Light - 100 watt HPS Lighting Light - 150 watt HPS Lighting

84

Yang-Mills Gravity in Biconformal Space  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a new conformal supergravity model with direct relevance to string/gauge theory dualities. This biconformal supergravity theory is formulated with a Yang-Mills type action. The resulting 8-dim symplectic geometries describe 4-dim scale-invariant general relativity. We then show an extension of N = 4 SUSY Yang-Mills to a curved biconformal geometry such that the extended form of the Yang-Mills fields provides the curvatures for the biconformal space. These curvatures solve the biconformal field equations whenever the original 4-dim fields satisfy the 4-dim YM theory. This gives a 1-1 mapping between the gravity and gauge theories. We also display systematic extension of any spacetime co-tangent bundle to a biconformal space, and extension of any 4-dim Yang-Mills theory to an equivalent theory on that space. 1

Lara B. Anderson; James T. Wheeler

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Yang- Mills on Quantum Heisenberg Manifolds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the noncommutative geometry program of Connes there are two variations of the concept of Yang-Mills action functional. We show that for the quantum Heisenberg manifolds they agree.

Partha Sarathi Chakraborty; Satyajit Guin

2013-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

86

DCnet Research Network David L. Mills  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Washington, DC Evans-gw and mudge-gw are dual-redundant EECIS department routers for 10/100-Mb campus printer server 128.4.2.21 wiley Pentium II 450MHz Windows XP Beverly Mills #12;2-Aug-04 10 DC MITBBN BELL2-Aug-04 1 DC MITBBN BELL DARPA UDEL DCnet Research Network David L. Mills University of Delaware

Mills, David L.

87

Influences on Burr Size During Face-Milling of Aluminum Alloys and Cast Iron  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ON BURR SIZE DURING FACE-MILLING OF ALUMINUM-SILICON ALLOYSburrs formed during face milling. Other influences are tooliron. INTRODUCTION Face milling is a common procedure during

Shefelbine, Wendy; Dornfeld, David

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Energy Consumption Characterization and Reduction Strategies for Milling Machine Tool Use  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Part Orientation for Face Milling, in: Annals of the CIRP,2010): Environmental Analysis of Milling Machine Tool Use inand Reduction Strategies for Milling Machine Tool Use Nancy

Diaz, Nancy; E. Redelsheimer; Dornfeld, David

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Environmental Analysis of Milling Machine Tool Use in Various Manufacturing Environments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Environmental Analysis of Milling Machine Tool Use inHorvath, David Dornfeld Milling is a type of cutting processof a standard vertical milling machine tool. In this

Diaz, Nancy; Helu, Moneer; Jayanathan, Stephen; Chen, Yifen; Horvath, Arpad; Dornfeld, David

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Jet milling from a particle perspective : predicting particle fracture based on mechanical material properties.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Milling is a very old discipline originated in milling agricultural products to flour. Despite the enormous literature on size reduction, milling is a unit operation… (more)

Vegt, Onno Martinus

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Monticello Mill Site - UT 03  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mill Site - UT 03 Mill Site - UT 03 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: Monticello Mill Site (UT.03) Designated Name: Alternate Name: Location: Evaluation Year: Site Operations: Site Disposition: Radioactive Materials Handled: Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Radiological Survey(s): Site Status: Also see Monticello, Utah, Disposal and Processing Sites Documents Related to Monticello Mill Site Monticello Mill Tailings Site Operable Unit III Interim Remedial Action Progress Report July 1999-July 2000. GJO-2000-163-TAR. September 2000 U.S. Department of Energy at Grand Junction 2003 Annual Inspection Monticello, Utah November 2003 2005 Annual Inspection of the Monticello Mill Tailings (USDOE) and Monticello Radioactively Contaminated Properties Sites December 2005 Office

92

Transportation of the MOAB Uranium Mill Tailings to White Mesa Mill by Slurry Pipeline  

SciTech Connect

The Moab uranium mill tailings pile, located at the former Atlas Minerals Corporation site approximately three miles north of Moab, Utah, is now under the control of the US Department of Energy (''DOE''). The location of the tailings pile adjacent to the Colorado River, and the ongoing contamination of groundwater and seepage of pollutants into the river, have lead to the investigation, as part of the final site remediation program, of alternatives to relocate the tailings to a qualified permanent disposal site. This paper will describe the approach being taken by the team formed between International Uranium (USA) Corporation (''IUC'') and Washington Group International (''WGINT'') to develop an innovative technical proposal to relocate the Moab tailings to IUC's White Mesa Mill south of Blanding, Utah. The proposed approach for relocating the tailings involves using a slurry pipeline to transport the tailings to the White Mesa Mill. The White Mesa Mill is a fully licensed, active uranium mill site that is uniquely suited for permanent disposal of the Moab tailings. The tailings slurry would be dewatered at the White Mesa Mill, the slurry water would be recycled to the Moab site for reuse in slurry makeup, and the ''dry'' tailings would be permanently disposed of in an approved below grade cell at the mill site.

Hochstein, R. F.; Warner, R.; Wetz, T. V.

2003-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

93

Rotating Einstein-Yang-Mills Black Holes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We construct rotating hairy black holes in SU(2) Einstein-Yang-Mills theory. These stationary axially symmetric black holes are asymptotically flat. They possess non-trivial non-Abelian gauge fields outside their regular event horizon, and they carry non-Abelian electric charge. In the limit of vanishing angular momentum, they emerge from the neutral static spherically symmetric Einstein-Yang-Mills black holes, labelled by the node number of the gauge field function. With increasing angular momentum and mass, the non-Abelian electric charge of the solutions increases, but remains finite. The asymptotic expansion for these black hole solutions includes non-integer powers of the radial variable.

B. Kleihaus; J. Kunz; F. Navarro-Lerida

2002-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

94

EIS-0355: Remediation of the Moab Uranium Mill Tailings, Grand...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

355: Remediation of the Moab Uranium Mill Tailings, Grand and San Juan Counties, Utah EIS-0355: Remediation of the Moab Uranium Mill Tailings, Grand and San Juan Counties, Utah...

95

Pulp and Paper Mills: Profiting for Efficient Motor System Use...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Motor System Use This profile discusses how energy efficienct motor systems can help pulp and paper mills save money. Pulp and Paper Mills: Profiting for Efficient Motor System Use...

96

Pulverizer Maintenance Guide, Volume 1: Raymond Bowl Mills  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This guide provides fossil plant personnel with current maintenance information on the Alstom Raymond Bowl mills and will assist a plant in improving the maintenance of the pulverizer mills.

2004-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

97

Biomass Burner Cogenerates Jobs and Electricity from Lumber Mill...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Burner Cogenerates Jobs and Electricity from Lumber Mill Waste Biomass Burner Cogenerates Jobs and Electricity from Lumber Mill Waste December 6, 2011 - 3:57pm Addthis Dale and...

98

Effect of Ball Milling Temperature on the Ultra Fine Grained ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The mixtures of Fe-14Cr-3W-0.4Ti powder and Y2O3 were ball milled for 40 ... The size of nanoclusters seems to be dependent on milling temperature too.

99

Lightweight Steel Solutions for Automotive Industry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recently, improvement in fuel efficiency and safety has become the biggest issue in worldwide automotive industry. Although the regulation of environment and safety has been tightened up more and more, the majority of vehicle bodies are still manufactured from stamped steel components. This means that the optimized steel solutions enable to demonstrate its ability to reduce body weight with high crashworthiness performance instead of expensive light weight materials such as Al, Mg and composites. To provide the innovative steel solutions for automotive industry, POSCO has developed AHSS and its application technologies, which is directly connected to EVI activities. EVI is a technical cooperation program with customer covering all stages of new car project from design to mass production. Integrated light weight solutions through new forming technologies such as TWB, hydroforming and HPF are continuously developed and provided for EVI activities. This paper will discuss the detailed status of these technologies especially light weight steel solutions based on innovative technologies.

Lee, Hong Woo; Kim, Gyosung; Park, Sung Ho [Technical Research Laboratories, POSCO, 699, Gumho-dong, Gwangyang-si, Jeonnam, 545-090 (Korea, Republic of)

2010-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

100

Gravity and Yang?Mills Fields: Geometrical Approaches  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new geometrical framework for a tetrad?affine formulation of gravity coupled with Yang?Mills fields is proposed.

Roberto Cianci; Stefano Vignolo

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "integrated steel mills" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Focused Ion Beam Milling (FIB) Information at NIST  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Focused Ion Beam Milling (FIB) Information at NIST. Analysis of 3D Elemental Mapping Artifacts in Biological Specimens ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

102

Nonperturbative and analytical approach to Yang-Mills thermodynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An analytical, macroscopic approach to SU(N) Yang-Mills thermodynamics is developed, tested,and applied.

Ralf Hofmann

2004-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

103

Mill Designed Bio bleaching Technologies  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A key finding of this research program was that Laccase Mediator Systems (LMS) treatments on high-kappa kraft could be successfully accomplished providing substantial delignification (i.e., > 50%) without detrimental impact on viscosity and significantly improved yield properties. The efficiency of the LMS was evident since most of the lignin from the pulp was removed in less than one hour at 45 degrees C. Of the mediators investigated, violuric acid was the most effective vis-a-vis delignification. A comparative study between oxygen delignification and violuric acid revealed that under relatively mild conditions, a single or a double LMS{sub VA} treatment is comparable to a single or a double O stage. Of great notability was the retention of end viscosity of LMS{sub VA} treated pulps with respect to the end viscosity of oxygen treated pulps. These pulps could then be bleached to full brightness values employing conventional ECF bleaching technologies and the final pulp physical properties were equal and/or better than those bleached in a conventional ECF manner employing an aggressively O or OO stage initially. Spectral analyses of residual lignins isolated after LMS treated high-kappa kraft pulps revealed that similar to HBT, VA and NHA preferentially attack phenolic lignin moieties. In addition, a substantial decrease in aliphatic hydroxyl groups was also noted, suggesting side chain oxidation. In all cases, an increase in carboxylic acid was observed. Of notable importance was the different selectivity of NHA, VA and HBT towards lignin functional groups, despite the common N-OH moiety. C-5 condensed phenolic lignin groups were overall resistant to an LMS{sub NHA, HBT} treatments but to a lesser extent to an LMS{sub VA}. The inactiveness of these condensed lignin moieties was not observed when low-kappa kraft pulps were biobleached, suggesting that the LMS chemistry is influenced by the extent of delignification. We have also demonstrated that the current generation of laccase has a broad spectrum of operating parameters. Nonetheless, the development of future genetically engineered laccases with enhanced temperature, pH and redox potentials will dramatically improve the overall process. A second challenge for LMS bleaching technologies is the need to develop effective, catalytic mediators. From the literature we already know this is feasible since ABTS and some inorganic mediators are catalytic. Unfortunately, the mediators that exhibit catalytic properties do not exhibit significant delignification properties and this is a challenge for future research studies. Potential short-term mill application of laccase has been recently reported by Felby132 and Chandra133 as they have demonstrated that the physical properties of linerboard can be improved when exposed to laccase without a chemical mediator. In addition, xxx has shown that the addition of laccase to the whitewater of the paper machine has several benefits for the removal of colloidal materials. Finally, this research program has presented important features on the delignification chemistry of LMS{sub NHA} and LMS{sub VA} that, in the opinion of the author, are momentous contributions to the overall LMS chemistry/biochemistry knowledge base which will continue to have future benefits.

Institute of Paper Science Technology

2004-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

104

Inclusions and Clean Steels  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Behavior of MgO?Al2O3 Based Inclusions in High-Pressure Boiler Steel during Refining Process · Control of Inclusions in Bottom Filled Steel Ingots · Control of ...

105

Tons of Heavy Metals in Mill Creek Sediments Heather Freeman  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with industries. Paper, woolen, flour, and cotton mills, starch factories, slaughterhouses, distilleriesTons of Heavy Metals in Mill Creek Sediments Heather Freeman 8/30/99 Geology Department Advisors: Dr. Kees DeJong Dr. Barry Manyard Dr. David Nash #12;Tons of heavy metals in Mill Creek sediments

Maynard, J. Barry

106

Austenitic Stainless Steel Handbook  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Austenitic Stainless Steel Handbook is part of an ongoing series of metallurgical reports. It is devoted to iron-based alloys that are considered to be stainless steel but that will remain essentially austenitic at room temperatures and below (the definition of austenitic stainless steel). Because of its attractive cost, wide availability, and ease of fabrication and weldability, austenitic stainless steel is one of the most commonly used materials in the electric power generating, chemical processin...

2008-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

107

Seamless Steel Tubular Products  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...). The tank also contained the search units.Fig. 6 Seamless and welded austenitic stainless steel tubular products were

108

Loop expansion in Yang-Mills thermodynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We argue that a selfconsistent spatial coarse-graining, which involves interacting (anti)calorons of unit topological charge modulus, implies that real-time loop expansions of thermodynamical quantities in the deconfining phase of SU(2) and SU(3) Yang-Mills thermodynamics are, modulo 1PI resummations, determined by a finite number of connected bubble diagrams.

Ralf Hofmann

2006-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

109

Comminuting irradiated ferritic steel  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Disclosed is a method of comminuting irradiated ferritic steel by placing the steel in a solution of a compound selected from the group consisting of sulfamic acid, bisulfate, and mixtures thereof. The ferritic steel is used as cladding on nuclear fuel rods or other irradiated components.

Bauer, Roger E. (Kennewick, WA); Straalsund, Jerry L. (Kennewick, WA); Chin, Bryan A. (Auburn, AL)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Ozone and UV for Grain Milling Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recognizing the current concerns with food safety, First Energy Services and EPRI collaborated in a project to investigate the feasibility of using ozone as a substitute for chlorinated water to control bacteria and mold at the Harvest States Amber Milling facility in Huron, Ohio. Traditionally, chlorinated water is used to control bacteria and mold in grain processing. Since chlorine usage can be costly and because chlorine presents problems in storage and safe handling of chlorine gas, the project part...

2000-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

111

YANG-MILLS THEORY FOR BUNDLE GERBES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. Given a bundle gerbe with connection on an oriented Riemannian manifold of dimension at least equal to 3, we formulate and study the associated Yang-Mills equations. When the Riemannian manifold is compact and oriented, we prove the existence of instanton solutions to the equations and also determine the moduli space of instantons, thus giving a complete analysis in this case. We also study duality in this context.

Varghese Mathai; David Roberts

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Geothermal Mill Redevelopment Project in Massachusetts  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Anwelt Heritage Apartments, LLC redeveloped a 120-year old mill complex into a mixed-use development in a lower-income neighborhood in Fitchburg, Massachusetts. Construction included 84 residential apartments rented as affordable housing to persons aged 62 and older. The Department of Energy (“DOE”) award was used as an essential component of financing the project to include the design and installation of a 200 ton geothermal system for space heating and cooling.

Vale, A.Q.

2009-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

113

in Topological Yang-Mills Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We introduce the covariant forms for the non-Abelian anomaly counterparts in topological Yang-Mills theory, which satisfies the topological descent equation modulo terms that vanish at the space of BRST fixed points. We use the covariant anomalies as a new set of observables, which can absorb both ? W and ? BRS ghost number violations of zeromodes. Then, we study some problems due to the zero-modes originated from the reducible connections.

unknown authors

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Electricity generation potential of Thai sugar mills  

SciTech Connect

At present, the total installed electricity generating capacity of Thailand is 7500 MW. Because this level of investment will take an unacceptable large part of total foreign borrowing, the government plans to encourage participation of the private sector in electricity generation. Among the various technology options for power production, cogeneration appears to be the most promising technology due to its very high effectiveness of fuel utilization. Therefore, in the first phase of private power generation, the Thai government is encouraging cogeneration systems. This paper discusses sugar mills, where expertise and equipment for electricity generation already exist, appear to be in a particularly advantageous position to participate in the private power generation program. At present, there are 46 sugar mills in Thailand with a total capacity of 338,000 tons of cane per day. The fiber part delivered from the milling of sugarcane, bagasse, is normally used to produce steam for the process heat and electricity generation. The investment and operating costs for each of these alternatives have been evaluated. The internal rate of return is used to indicate the benefit of each alternative.

Therdyothin, A.; Bhattacharaya, S.C.; Chirarattananon, S. (Asian Inst. of Tech., Bangkok (Thailand))

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Accessibility in 5-Axis Milling Environment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using algorithms from computer graphics, namely hidden line and surface removal, techniques have been constructed to derive the 3-axis visible or millable set of a computer model from a given orientation or simulate and verify machining toolpaths. In this paper, an approach that reduces the accessibility problem of 5-axis milling using a flat end tool into a 3-axis accessibility problem is discussed. Using this approach, global detection of possible gouging into other parts, while a 5-axis flat end mill is in use, is made feasible and collisions can be avoided. Key Words: NURBs, accessibility, 5-axis machining. 1 Introduction Several methods are in use, when freeform computer models are realized using milling machines. Possibly the most common approach utilizes a ball end tool with three degrees of freedom, namely translation in x, y, and z [1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 7]. The ball end center of the tool follows an offset [8] to the model by the tool radius while the ball end surface is tangent to...

Gershon Elber

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Transformation Hardening of Steel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...relations for induction hardening and tempering Electrical and magnetic properties of steels Selection of induction frequency and power The effect of prior microstructure...

117

Types of Steel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 10   ASTM specifications for structural quality steel plate...bolted, or welded construction of bridges, buildings,

118

Ferrous Alloys: Steel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aug 6, 2013 ... Microstructure and Properties of Low Manganese API X70 Pipeline Steel ... the mean residual relative length change (MRRLC) is 0.13×10-5.

119

Specifications for Steels  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 28   ASTM specifications that incorporate AISI-SAE designations...A 29 Carbon and alloy steel bars, hot rolled and cold

120

Sheet Steels II  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 27, 2009 ... The Effect of Carbon Content on the Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of a Fe-22Mn TWIP Steel: Eileen Yang1; Hatem Zurob1; Joseph ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "integrated steel mills" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Steel Process Technology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 29, 2009 ... As the axel loads have been continuously increasing with time, so has the desire for premium rail steels with better wear, rolling contact fatigue ...

122

Laser Welding of Steel  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

welding is particularly suited to the high-production rate requirements in the automobile industry. Some automotive exhaust components use 409 stainless steel and are currently arc...

123

Nonoriented Silicon Steels  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 2 Silicon contents, mass densities, and applications of electrical steel sheet and strip...generally used in distribution transformers. Energy savings improve with

124

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Edgemont Mill Site - SD 01  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Edgemont Mill Site - SD 01 Edgemont Mill Site - SD 01 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: Edgemont Mill Site (SD.01) Designated Name: Alternate Name: Location: Evaluation Year: Site Operations: Site Disposition: Radioactive Materials Handled: Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Radiological Survey(s): Site Status: Also see Edgemont, South Dakota, Disposal Site Documents Related to Edgemont Mill Site 2012 Annual Site Inspection and Monitoring Report for Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act Title II Disposal Sites-Edgemont, South Dakota, Disposal Site. LMS/S09415. November 2012 U.S. Department of Energy 2008 UMTRCA Title II Sites Annual Report November 2008 Edgemont, South Dakota FACT SHEET Office of Legacy Management Edgemont, South Dakota, Disposal Site This fact sheet provides information about the Uranium Mill

125

Pack Cementation Aluminizing of Steels  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 3   Partial list of commercial applications of pack cementation aluminizing...Carbon and stainless steels Steam power and cogeneration Waterwall tubes 2 % Cr-1% Mo steel Fluidized bed combustor tubes 2 % Cr-1% Mo steel Waste heat boiler tubes Carbon steel Economizer and air preheater tubes 2 % Cr-1% Mo steel Superheater tubes 2 % Cr-1% Mo steel Aerospace (a) Turbine blades...

126

Injection Molding of Tungsten Powder Treated by Jet Mill  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Tungsten powder was firstly treated by jet mill, resulting in the improvement of ... and Welding Conditions of Monopile and Transition for Offshore Wind Plant.

127

Nanoestructured Altisin Coatings For Ball Helical Milling Application ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, The current power wind generation industry uses for its power ... In this work the behavior and improvement of tool life for ball end mills with ...

128

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Lowman Mill Site - ID 01  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Radioactive Materials Handled: Radiological Survey(s): Site Status: Also see Lowman, Idaho, Disposal Site Documents Related to Lowman Mill Site Historical documents may contain...

129

Monticello Mill Tailings, Operable Unit III Surface and Ground...  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Action activities included millsite dewatering and treatment, initiation of a ground water management policy to prevent use Monticello Mill Tailings Site, Operable Unit III...

130

Influence of Milling Time on Microstructure and Thermoelectric ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Influence of Milling Time on Microstructure and Thermoelectric Properties of p-Type Bi2Te3 Alloys. Author(s), Madavali Babu, Hyo Seob Kim, ...

131

(ns) Al-2024 Alloy Obtained via Cryogenic Milling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Milling Al-2024 powder of big particle size (>100 microns) in cryogenic regime resulted in nanostructured powder of 46 nm grain size after 18h. Furthermore ...

132

A Computer Simulation of an Agitation Mill Abrasion Process for ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We already confirmed that a special and selective grinding such as parts abrasion from the board using agitation mill was effective for the recycling of a part of ...

133

Development and Characterization of Milled Silver Powder Addition ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In order to add the milled Ag powders to granular PP feedstock two different .... Membranes Obtained from PA6/HDPE Blends Via Precipitation by Immersion.

134

Potential for reducing paper mill energy use and carbon dioxide...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Li Journal Applied Energy Volume 102 Date Published 022013 Keywords co2 emissions, energy audit, paper mill Abstract The pulp and paper industry is one of the most...

135

Effect of enzyme application in temper water on wheat milling.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The effect of enzyme in temper water on wheat milling performance and flour quality was studied. Five independent variables, enzyme concentration, incubation time, incubation temperature,… (more)

Yoo, Juhyun

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Falls City Mill Site - TX...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Materials Handled: Radiological Survey(s): Site Status: Also see Falls City, Texas, Disposal Site Documents Related to Falls City Mill Site Data Validation Package for...

137

Engineering assessment of inactive uranium mill tailings  

SciTech Connect

The Grand Junction site has been reevaluated in order to revise the October 1977 engineering assessment of the problems resulting from the existence of radioactive uranium mill tailings at Grand Junction, Colorado. This engineering assessment has included the preparation of topographic maps, the performance of core drillings and radiometric measurements sufficient to determine areas and volumes of tailings and radiation exposures of individuals and nearby populations, the investigations of site hydrology and meteorology, and the evaluation and costing of alternative corrective actions. Radon gas released from the 1.9 million tons of tailings at the Grand Junction site constitutes the most significant environmental impact, although windblown tailings and external gamma radiation are also factors. The eight alternative actions presented herein range from millsite and off-site decontamination with the addition of 3 m of stabilization cover material (Option I), to removal of the tailings to remote disposal sites and decontamination of the tailings site (Options II through VIII). Cost estimates for the eight options range from about $10,200,000 for stabilization in-place to about $39,500,000 for disposal in the DeBeque area, at a distance of about 35 mi, using transportation by rail. If transportation to DeBeque were by truck, the cost estimated to be about $41,900,000. Three principal alternatives for the reprocessing of the Grand Junction tailings were examined: (a) heap leaching; (b) treatment at an existing mill; and (c) reprocessing at a new conventional mill constructed for tailings reprocessing. The cost of the uranium recovered would be about $200/lb by heap leach and $150/lb by conventional plant processes. The spot market price for uranium was $25/lb early in 1981. Therefore, reprocessing the tailings for uranium recovery appears not to be economically attractive.

Not Available

1981-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Cast Stainless Steel Aging Research Plan | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cast Stainless Steel Aging Research Plan Cast Stainless Steel Aging Research Plan Cast Stainless Steel Aging Research Plan This work plan proposes to build a systematic knowledge base for the thermal aging behavior of cast stainless steels (CASSs) within a limited time of five years. The final output of execution of the plan is expected to provide conclusive predictions for the integrity of the CASS components of LWR power plants during the extended service life up to and beyond 60 years. Mechanical and microstructural data obtained through accelerated aging experiment and computational simulation will be the key input for the prediction of CASS behaviors and for the integrity analyses for various CASS components. While the accelerated aging experiment and computational simulation results will comprise the main components of the knowledge base

139

Chapter 2: uranium mines and mills  

SciTech Connect

This chapter will be included in a larger ASCE Committee Report. Uranium mining production is split between underground and open pit mines. Mills are sized to produce yellowcake concentrate from hundreds to thousands of tons of ore per day. Miner's health and safety, and environmental protection are key concerns in design. Standards are set by the US Mine Safety and Health Administration, the EPA, NRC, DOT, the states, and national standards organizations. International guidance and standards are extensive and based on mining experience in many nations.

O'Connell, W.J.

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Applications of Yang-Mills thermodynamics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We discuss the postulate that the U(1) gauge group describing photon propagation results from a dynamically broken SU(2) gauge theory. In the context of Yang-Mills thermodynamics such a symmetry breaking occurs via the non-trivial ground state. As a result of the interaction with the quasi particles of the theory the photon acquires an effective, temperature and momentum dependent, mass. We explain how this leads to modified black body spectra at temperatures of about 5 K. Furthermore, we discuss the properties and effects of an emergent longitudinal polarization.

Schwarz, Markus [Salierstr. 10.,76137 Karlsruhe (Germany)

2012-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "integrated steel mills" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Fundamental and effective Yang-Mills vertices  

SciTech Connect

Calorons and plane waves within and in between them collectively give rise to a thermal ground state. The latter provides a homgeneous energy density and a negative pressure, and it induces quasiparticle masses to part of the propagating spectrum of deconfining SU(2) Yang-Mills thermodynamics (dynamical gauge-symmetry breaking). In the present talk we discuss the role of a single caloron in inducing effective local vertices, characterized by powers of h, mediating the interaction of plane waves which propagate over large distances. The constraints on momentum transfers through effective 4-vertices are revisited.

Hofmann, Ralf [ITP, Universitaet Heidelberg, Philosophenweg 16, 69120 Heidelberg (Germany)

2012-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

142

Pocket Milling with Tool Engagement Detection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents an algorithm for generating a tool path for cutting a pocket with islands, which includes detecting when the tool is certain to be making a minimal engagement cut. Minimal engagement is defined as the amount of engagement present in peripheral milling of a flat side face of a workpiece in a straight line with constant stepover. Feed rates and spindle speeds are reset by the algorithm when machining conditions change from a minimal engagement cut to any other type of cut or vice versa.

Thomas Kramer April; Thomas R. Kramer

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Geometric Approaches for Reducing Burr Formation in Planar Milling by Avoiding Tool Exits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1999). “A summary of micro-milling studies. ” 1st Int’lT.R. (1992). “Pocket milling with tool engagement detec-Burr minimization in face milling: a geometric approach. ”

Chu, Chih-Hsing; Dornfeld, David

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

The Milling Stone Horizon Revisited: New Perspectives from Northern and Central California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Berryessa II. Journal THE MILLING STONE HORIZON REVISITEDI, pp. 67-93 (1999). The Milling Stone Horizon Revisited:nearly half a century, the Milling Stone Horizon has been

Fitzgerald, Richard T.; Jones, Terry L.

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Back Cutting and Tool Wear Influence on Burrs in Face Milling - Analysis and Solutions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of uncoated and coated milling inserts”, Wear, 225/229, ppBurr Minimization in Face Milling: A Geometric Approach,System for Burr i n Face Milling”, Journal of Manufacturing

Rangarajan, Arvind; Dornfeld, David A

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

A Study of Surface Roughness in the Micro-End-Milling Process  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

adaptive control of end milling operations,” Proc. NAMRC-iv,generation in dynamic milling,” ASME J. Eng. Ind. , 113,produced with the micro- end-milling process. Alauddin, M. ,

Lee, Kiha; Dornfeld, David A

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

On The Face Milling Burr Formation Mechanisms and Minimization Strategies at High Tool Engagement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on Burr Formation in Face Milling with an Extreme PositiveBurr Formation in Face Milling”, Bulletin Japan Society ofRoughness in High Speed Face Milling”, 2001-2002 LMA Annual

Avila, Miguel C; Dornfeld, David A

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

The Possibilities of Women and Men: Gender and the California Milling Stone Horizon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Richard 1991 Archaic Milling Cultures of the Southern SanGender and the California Milling Stone Horizon KELLY R.those subsumed under the Milling Stone Horizon, that are not

McGuire, Kelly R; Hildebrandt, William R

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Project surface project management plan  

SciTech Connect

This Project Management Plan describes the planning, systems, and organization that shall be used to manage the Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Project (UMTRA). US DOE is authorized to stabilize and control surface tailings and ground water contamination at 24 inactive uranium processing sites and associated vicinity properties containing uranium mill tailings and related residual radioactive materials.

Not Available

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Energy Conservation in the Food Industry : Terminal Flour Mill.  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the results of an energy study that was conducted at Terminal Flour Mill in Portland, Oregon. Terminal Flour Mill is one of five food industry (SIC 20) plants that are being studied. Energy conservation measures (ECM's) are divided into two groups; operation and maintenance (O and M) measures, and equipment modification measures.

United Industries Corporation.

1985-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

EA-1155: Ground-water Compliance Activities at the Uranium Mill...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5: Ground-water Compliance Activities at the Uranium Mill Tailings Site, Spook, Wyoming EA-1155: Ground-water Compliance Activities at the Uranium Mill Tailings Site, Spook,...

152

The Vertical Ball Mill for the Grinding of Calcined Petroleum Coke to ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new vertical ball ring mill concept has been developed based on the results of research on the grinding of calcined petroleum coke. Industrial vertical mills are ...

153

Removal of Thiosalts using Biomass Ash from Pulp and Paper Mill ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Biomass ash used in this study is collected from Corner Brook Pulp and Paper Mill, NL and Zellstoff Celgar Mill, BC and is characterized to understand the ...

154

Synthesis of Sm-Fe-N Hard Magnets by Reactive Mechanical Milling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study, we have performed reactive mechanical milling on Sm2Fe17 alloy under hydrogen atmosphere. After reactive mechanical milling, the Sm2Fe17 ...

155

1992 Trieste Lectures on Topological Gauge Theory and Yang-Mills Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In these lecture notes we explain a connection between Yang-Mills theory on arbitrary Riemann surfaces and two types of topological field theory, the so called $BF$ and cohomological theories. The quantum Yang-Mills theory is solved exactly using path integral techniques. Explicit expressions, in terms of group representation theory, are obtained for the partition function and various correlation functions. In a particular limit the Yang-Mills theory devolves to the topological models and the previously determined correlation functions give topological information about the moduli spaces of flat connections. In particular, the partition function yields the volume of the moduli space for which an explicit expression is derived. These notes are self contained, with a basic introduction to the various ideas underlying the topological field theories. This includes some relatively new work on handling problems that arise in the presence of reducible connections which in turn forms the bridge between the various models under consideration. These notes are identical to those made available to participants of the 1992 summer school in Trieste, except for one or two additions added circa January 1993.

George Thompson

1993-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

156

Environmental assessment of remedial action at the Gunnison Uranium Mill Tailings Site, Gunnison, Colorado. [UMTRA Project  

SciTech Connect

This document assesses and compares the environmental impacts of various alternatives for remedial action at the Gunnison uranium of mill tailings site located 0.5 miles south of Gunnison, Colorado. The site covers 56 acres and contains 35 acres of tailings, 2 of the original mill buildings and a water tower. The Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control of Act of 1978 (UMTRCA), Public Law 95-604, authorizes the US Department of Energy to clean up the site to reduce the potential health impacts associated with the residual radioactive materials remaining at the site and at associated (vicinity) properties off the site. The US Environmental Protection Agency promulgated standards for the remedial actions (40 CFR 192). Remedial actions must be performed in accordance with these standards and with the occurrence of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Four alternatives have been addressed in this document. The first alternative is to consolidate the tailings and associated contaminated soils into a recontoured pile on the southern portion of the existing site. A radon barrier of silty clay would be constructed over the pile and various erosion control measures would be taken to assure the long-term integrity of the pile. Two other alternatives which involve moving the tailings to new locations are assessed in this document. These alternatives generally involve greater short-term impacts and are more costly but would result in the tailings being stabilized in a location farther from the city of Gunnison. The no action alternative is also assessed.

Bachrach, A.; Hoopes, J.; Morycz, D. (Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc., Pasadena, CA (USA)); Bone, M.; Cox, S.; Jones, D.; Lechel, D.; Meyer, C.; Nelson, M.; Peel, R.; Portillo, R.; Rogers, L.; Taber, B.; Zelle, P. (Weston (Roy F.), Inc., Washington, DC (USA)); Rice, G. (Sergent, Hauskins and Beckwith (USA))

1984-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

EIS-0198: Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Groundwater Project |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

198: Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Groundwater Project 198: Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Groundwater Project EIS-0198: Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Groundwater Project SUMMARY This EIS assesses the potential programmatic impacts of conducting the Ground Water Project, provides a method for determining the site-specific ground water compliance strategies, and provides data and information that can be used to prepare site-specific environmental impacts analyses more efficiently. PUBLIC COMMENT OPPORTUNITIES None available at this time. DOCUMENTS AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD April 28, 1997 EIS-0198: Record of Decision Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Ground Water Project (April 1997) December 1, 1996 EIS-0198: Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Ground Water Project

158

Moab Mill Tailings Removal Project Celebrates 5 Years of Success |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Mill Tailings Removal Project Celebrates 5 Years of Success Mill Tailings Removal Project Celebrates 5 Years of Success Moab Mill Tailings Removal Project Celebrates 5 Years of Success October 3, 2012 - 12:00pm Addthis Pictured here is the Moab uranium mill tailings pile. Tailings excavation and conditioning activities are seen in the foreground. The water spray is used to eliminate extracted contaminated groundwater. Pictured here is the Moab uranium mill tailings pile. Tailings excavation and conditioning activities are seen in the foreground. The water spray is used to eliminate extracted contaminated groundwater. Moab Federal Project Director Donald Metzler stands on a final cover layer of the disposal cell. Several other layers are visible behind him. Moab Federal Project Director Donald Metzler stands on a final cover layer

159

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Uravan Mill Site - CO 02  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Uravan Mill Site - CO 02 Uravan Mill Site - CO 02 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: Uravan Mill Site (CO.02 ) Designated Name: Alternate Name: Location: Evaluation Year: Site Operations: Site Disposition: Radioactive Materials Handled: Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Radiological Survey(s): Site Status: Also see Naturita, Colorado, Processing Site Documents Related to Uravan Mill Site Data Validation Package for the July and October 2008 Water Sampling at the Naturita Processing and Disposal Sites Data Validation Report for the July 2009 Groundwater and Surface Water Sampling at the Naturita, Colorado, Processing Site; LMS/NAP/S00709; October 2009 2012 Annual Site Inspection and Monitoring Report for Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act Title I Disposal Sites-Naturita, Colorado,

160

Moab Mill Tailings Removal Project Celebrates 5 Years of Success |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Moab Mill Tailings Removal Project Celebrates 5 Years of Success Moab Mill Tailings Removal Project Celebrates 5 Years of Success Moab Mill Tailings Removal Project Celebrates 5 Years of Success October 3, 2012 - 12:00pm Addthis Pictured here is the Moab uranium mill tailings pile. Tailings excavation and conditioning activities are seen in the foreground. The water spray is used to eliminate extracted contaminated groundwater. Pictured here is the Moab uranium mill tailings pile. Tailings excavation and conditioning activities are seen in the foreground. The water spray is used to eliminate extracted contaminated groundwater. Moab Federal Project Director Donald Metzler stands on a final cover layer of the disposal cell. Several other layers are visible behind him. Moab Federal Project Director Donald Metzler stands on a final cover layer

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "integrated steel mills" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Capture and Sequestration of CO2 at the Boise White Paper Mill  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the efforts taken to develop a preliminary design for the first commercial-scale CO2 capture and sequestration (CCS) project associated with biomass power integrated into a pulp and paper operation. The Boise Wallula paper mill is located near the township of Wallula in Southeastern Washington State. Infrastructure at the paper mill will be upgraded such that current steam needs and a significant portion of the current mill electric power are supplied from a 100% biomass power source. A new biomass power system will be constructed with an integrated amine-based CO2 capture plant to capture approximately 550,000 tons of CO2 per year for geologic sequestration. A customized version of Fluor Corporation’s Econamine Plus™ carbon capture technology will be designed to accommodate the specific chemical composition of exhaust gases from the biomass boiler. Due to the use of biomass for fuel, employing CCS technology represents a unique opportunity to generate a net negative carbon emissions footprint, which on an equivalent emissions reduction basis is 1.8X greater than from equivalent fossil fuel sources (SPATH and MANN, 2004). Furthermore, the proposed project will offset a significant amount of current natural gas use at the mill, equating to an additional 200,000 tons of avoided CO2 emissions. Hence, the total net emissions avoided through this project equates to 1,100,000 tons of CO2 per year. Successful execution of this project will provide a clear path forward for similar kinds of emissions reduction that can be replicated at other energy-intensive industrial facilities where the geology is suitable for sequestration. This project also represents a first opportunity for commercial development of geologic storage of CO2 in deep flood basalt formations. The Boise paper mill site is host to a Phase II pilot study being carried out under DOE’s Regional Carbon Partnership Program. Lessons learned from this pilot study and other separately funded projects studying CO2 sequestration in basalts will be heavily leveraged in developing a suitable site characterization program and system design for permanent sequestration of captured CO2. The areal extent, very large thickness, high permeability in portions of the flows, and presence of multiple very low permeability flow interior seals combine to produce a robust sequestration target. Moreover, basalt formations are quite reactive with water-rich supercritical CO2 and formation water that contains dissolved CO2 to generate carbonate minerals, providing for long-term assurance of permanent sequestration. Sub-basalt sediments also exist at the site providing alternative or supplemental storage capacity.

B.P. McGrail; C.J. Freeman; G.H. Beeman; E.C. Sullivan; S.K. Wurstner; C.F. Brown; R.D. Garber; D. Tobin E.J. Steffensen; S. Reddy; J.P. Gilmartin

2010-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

162

Yang-Mills Propagators and QCD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a strong coupling expansion that permits to develop analysis of quantum field theory in the infrared limit. Application to a quartic massless scalar field gives a massive spectrum and the propagator in this regime. We extend the approach to a pure Yang-Mills theory obtaining analogous results. The gluon propagator is compared satisfactorily with lattice results and similarly for the spectrum. Comparison with experimental low energy spectrum of QCD supports the view that $\\sigma$ resonance is indeed a glueball. The gluon propagator we obtained is finally used to formulate a low energy Lagrangian for QCD that reduces to a Nambu-Jona-Lasinio model with all the parameters fixed by those of the full theory.

Marco Frasca

2008-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

163

Mille Lacs Energy Cooperative | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search Jump to: navigation, search Name Mille Lacs Energy Cooperative Place Minnesota Utility Id 12546 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location MRO NERC MRO Yes ISO MISO Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Dual Fuel Space Heating Rate Electric Combination Heating Rate Freedom Heating Rate Residential General Service Residential Green Power Energy Large Power Commercial Large Power - Industrial Industrial Light - 100 watt HPS Lighting Light - 150 watt HPS Lighting Off-Peak Energy Rate Residential Peak Shave Water Heating Rate Residential

164

Radiative Corrections in Yang-Mills thermodynamics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We provide arguments why the loop expansion of the pressure in the effective theory for the deconfining phase of SU(2) Yang-Mills thermodynamics is likely to terminate at a finite order despite the fact that the effective gauge coupling is large (e{>=}{radical}(8){pi}). Each order l of the expansion measures the lth power of the fraction of a typical residual action of the quantum fluctuation in one loop S{sub l} and h. Here S{sub l} rapidly decreases with l. This is demonstrated by a computation of irreducible 2-loop and 3-loop diagrams which correct the pressure of free quasiparticles radiatively. In fact, at the three-loop level, one diagram vanishes identically. By benchmarking with known 2-loop results we show that the Monte-Carlo method used to compute on the 3-loop level is reliable.

Kaviani, Dariush [IPPP, University of Durham, South Rd, Durham DH1 3LE (United Kingdom)

2011-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

165

Kieffer Paper Mill's Recycled Fiber Mill and PSI Energy's High Efficiency Motors Plan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The needs of electricity consumers along with the utility industry are rapidly changing. Consumers want electricity to perform more functions, improve efficiencies and help lower the cost of production, all in an environmentally responsible manner. In 1991, PSI Energy developed a comprehensive Demand-Side Management program, called Energy Matters™, aimed at improving the overall end-use efficiency of its customers. Its goal is to reduce summer peak demand 120 megawatts by the summer of 1995. Kieffer Paper Mills in Brownstown, IN had a need to address the efficiency of its new, state-of-the-art pulp processing mill that it was building. With over 4,000 horsepower of process motors going into the new plant, even a modest improvement in motor efficiency would yield significant energy savings. PSI Energy was able to help Kieffer examine the economics of high efficiency motors, and through the PSI Energy High Efficiency Motors Plan encouraged Kieffer Paper Mills to purchase energy efficient motors by helping pay part of the cost differential between high efficiency and standard efficiency models.

Myers, J. A.

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Wellbore Integrity Network  

SciTech Connect

In this presentation, we review the current state of knowledge on wellbore integrity as developed in the IEA Greenhouse Gas Programme's Wellbore Integrity Network. Wells are one of the primary risks to the successful implementation of CO{sub 2} storage programs. Experimental studies show that wellbore materials react with CO{sub 2} (carbonation of cement and corrosion of steel) but the impact on zonal isolation is unclear. Field studies of wells in CO{sub 2}-bearing fields show that CO{sub 2} does migrate external to casing. However, rates and amounts of CO{sub 2} have not been quantified. At the decade time scale, wellbore integrity is driven by construction quality and geomechanical processes. Over longer time-scales (> 100 years), chemical processes (cement degradation and corrosion) become more important, but competing geomechanical processes may preserve wellbore integrity.

Carey, James W. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Bachu, Stefan [Alberta Innovates

2012-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

167

Inter-agent cooperation and communication for agent-based robust dynamic scheduling in steel production  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes a negotiation protocol proposed for inter-agent cooperation in a multi-agent system that we developed for optimisation and dynamic integrated scheduling within steel production. The negotiation protocol is a two-level bidding mechanism ... Keywords: Contract net protocol, Cooperation and coordination, Dynamic scheduling, Multi-agent systems, Robust scheduling, Steel production

D. Ouelhadj; S. Petrovic; P. I. Cowling; A. Meisels

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Dams, Mills, and Electric Power (Missouri) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Mills, and Electric Power (Missouri) Mills, and Electric Power (Missouri) Dams, Mills, and Electric Power (Missouri) < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Municipal/Public Utility Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative State/Provincial Govt Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Water Buying & Making Electricity Home Weatherization Program Info State Missouri Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider Missouri Department of Natural Resources The Water Resources Center of the Missouri Department of Natural Resources is responsible for implementing regulations pertaining to dam and reservoir safety. Any person or corporation may erect a dam across any watercourse, provided that: (a) the entity is chartered to construct, operate and

169

An Overview of Stress Cracking of Pipeline Steels in Near-neutral ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, Stress cracking of pipeline steels in near-neutral pH has remained a virile integrity risk for oil and gas pipelines. Although it was termed as stress ...

170

Milling Machine Replacement Project (4587), 5/11/2012  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Milling Machine Replacement Projects (4587) Milling Machine Replacement Projects (4587) Program or Field Office: Y-12 Site Office Location(s) (City/County/State): Oak Ridge, Anderson County, Tennessee Proposed Action Description: Submit by E-mail The proposed action is to replace two large milling machines with two new medium sized CNC milling machines. The new machines will be connected to the digital network communication (DNC) system. Categorical Exclusion(s) Applied: 81.31 -Installation or relocation of machinery and equipment For the complete DOE National Environmental Policy Act regulations regarding categorical exclusions, including the full text of each categorical exclusion, see Subpart D of 10 CFR Part 1021. Regulatory Requirements in 10 CFR 1021.410(b): (See full text in regulation)

171

East Millinocket Mill Biomass Facility | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Millinocket Mill Biomass Facility Millinocket Mill Biomass Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name East Millinocket Mill Biomass Facility Facility East Millinocket Mill Sector Biomass Location Penobscot County, Maine Coordinates 45.3230777°, -68.5806727° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":45.3230777,"lon":-68.5806727,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

172

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Marion Mill Site - CO 09  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Marion Mill Site - CO 09 Marion Mill Site - CO 09 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: MARION MILL SITE (CO.09 ) Eliminated from further consideration under FUSRAP - deferred to the State of Colorado for appropriate action. Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: Sugar Leaf Road , Boulder , Colorado CO.09-1 Evaluation Year: Circa 1983 CO.09-1 Site Operations: Milled and processed thorite and other rare earth ores in 1957 and 1958. Some of the thorium concentrate produced was shipped to Davison Chemical Company for further processing. CO.09-1 CO.09-3 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Site was licensed by AEC and the State of Colorado CO.09-2 CO.09-3 Radioactive Materials Handled: Yes Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Thorium, Natural Uranium, Other Rare Earth Ores CO.09-1

173

DOE Awards Technical Assistance Contract for Moab Mill Tailings Cleanup |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Technical Assistance Contract for Moab Mill Tailings Technical Assistance Contract for Moab Mill Tailings Cleanup DOE Awards Technical Assistance Contract for Moab Mill Tailings Cleanup May 31, 2012 - 12:00pm Addthis Media Contact Bill Taylor bill.taylor@srs.gov 803-952-8564 Cincinnati-The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today announced the award of an $18 million small disadvantaged business contract with S&K Aerospace, LLC, of St. Ignatius, Montana to continue to provide technical assistance services for the Moab Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project in Moab, Utah. The basic contract is for three years with two one-year options to extend, for a total of up to five years. S&K Aerospace, LLC, a tribal organization 8(a) small business, will assist in the Department's removal of uranium tailings at the former Atlas

174

Process for Transition of Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Process for Transition of Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act Title II Disposal Sites to the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Legacy Management for Long-Term...

175

SU(2) Yang-Mills thermodynamics and photon physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Based on quantitative predictions enabled by a nonperturbative approach to Yang-Mills thermodynamics it is explained why the physics of photon {\\sl propagation} is not unlikely rooted in pure SU(2) gauge dynamics.

Ralf Hofmann

2007-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

176

Moab Mill Tailings Removal Project Plans to Resume Train Shipments...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Plans to Resume Train Shipments in March; All of the Laid Off Workers Will Return Moab Mill Tailings Removal Project Plans to Resume Train Shipments in March; All of the Laid Off...

177

FSME Procedure Approval Termination of Uranium Milling Licenses in Agreement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Any changes to the procedure will be the responsibility of the FSME Procedure Contact. Copies of the FSME procedures will be available through the NRC website. Procedure Title: Termination of Uranium Milling

Robert J. Lewis; A. Duncan White; William R. Rautzen

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

DOE Announces Preferred Alternatives For Moab, Utah, Uranium Mill Tailings  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

WASHINGTON, DC – The U.S. Department of Energy today announced the department’s preferred alternatives for remediation of the Moab, Utah, Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Project Site:  active...

179

A hybrid type small 5-axis CNC milling machine  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

5-axis CNC milling machines are important in a number of industries ranging from aerospace to consumer-die-mold machining because they can deliver high machining accuracy with a spindle tilting capacity. Most of these ...

Son, Seung-Kil, 1964-

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Analytical approach to nonperturbative Yang-Mills thermodynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An analytical and inductive approach to hot SU(N) Yang-Mills dynamics is developed. For N=2,3 pressure and energy density are pointwise compared with lattice data.

Ralf Hofmann

2003-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "integrated steel mills" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Continuous steel production and apparatus  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process for continuous refining of steel via multiple distinct reaction vessels for melting, oxidation, reduction, and refining for delivery of steel continuously to, for example, a tundish of a continuous caster system, and associated apparatus.

Peaslee, Kent D. (Rolla, MO); Peter, Jorg J. (McMinnville, OR); Robertson, David G. C. (Rolla, MO); Thomas, Brian G. (Champaign, IL); Zhang, Lifeng (Trondheim, NO)

2009-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

182

Replacing chemicals in recycle mills with mechanical alternatives  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A high-intensity spark fired underwater decomposes a small amount of the water into hydroxyl radicals, which are strong oxidants. These are able to oxidize contaminants such as glue and wood pitch that enter paper recycling mills as a part of the incoming furnish and cost the industry several hundred million dollars. The sparking technique is safe, inexpensive, and is capable of treating large volumes of water, which makes it attractive for mill applications. Several mill trials were run. Sparking caused a decrease in the tack of the deposits in one case. Lower bleach use occurred in two other mills; sparking reduced the degree of ink reattachment to fiber. The payback for either application is attractive. Sparking induced deposition of contaminants in another mill, which is a positive development--if it can be controlled. The technique is also able to degas water and to oxidize odor-causing sulfur compounds. Although one unit has been purchased by a mill, second-order effects caused by the technology needs to be defined further before the technology can be broadly applied.

Institute of Paper Science Technology

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

China Energy and Emissions Paths to 2030  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Financial Analysis of Cogeneration Projects. Presentation atfinancial analysis for cogeneration projects in Thailand.integrated steel mills Cogeneration for the use of untapped

Fridley, David

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Thermal stabilization of uranium mill tailings  

SciTech Connect

The sintering of tailings at high temperatures (1200/sup 0/C) has shown promise as a conditioning approach that greatly reduces the /sup 222/Rn emanation of uranium mill tailings. The structure of thermally stabilized tailings has been appreciably altered producing a material that will have minimal management requirements and will be applicable to on-site processing and disposal. The mineralogy of untreated tailings is presented to define the structure of the original materials. Quartz predominates in most tailings samples; however, appreciable quantities of gypsum, clay, illite, or albites are found in some tailings. Samples from the Durango and Shiprock sites have plagioclase-type aluminosilicates and non-aluminum silicates as major components. The iron-rich vanadium tailings from the Salt Lake City site contain appreciable quantities of ..cap alpha..-hematite and chloroapatite. The reduction in radon emanation power and changes in mineralogy as a function of sintering temperature (500 to 1200(NiAsS) are considered possible species for consideraed. The calculated activity data of the various carbonate, sulfate and hydroxide species in the Li/sup +/Na/sup +/K/sup +//CO/sub 3/ = SO/sub 4/ = OH/sup -/ system have been combined f liquidus surfaces, and estimated error limits are given for each system. A comng payback period, but as the initial cost of the SAHPS is reduced and fuel prices increase, the payback period of a SAHPS will be shorter and could be competitive with other conventional heating/cooling systems.

Dreesen, D.R.; Williams, J.M.; Cokal, E.J.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Direct measures of mechanical energy for knife mill size reduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lengthy straw/stalk of biomass may not be directly fed into grinders such as hammer mills and disc refiners. Hence, biomass needs to be preprocessed using coarse grinders like a knife mill to allow for efficient feeding in refiner mills without bridging and choking. Size reduction mechanical energy was directly measured for switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.), wheat straw (Triticum aestivum L.), and corn stover (Zea mays L.) in an instrumented knife mill. Direct power inputs were determined for different knife mill screen openings from 12.7 to 50.8 mm, rotor speeds between 250 and 500 rpm, and mass feed rates from 1 to 11 kg/min. Overall accuracy of power measurement was calculated to be 0.003 kW. Total specific energy (kWh/Mg) was defined as size reduction energy to operate mill with biomass. Effective specific energy was defined as the energy that can be assumed to reach the biomass. The difference is parasitic or no-load energy of mill. Total specific energy for switchgrass, wheat straw, and corn stover chopping increased with knife mill speed, whereas, effective specific energy decreased marginally for switchgrass and increased for wheat straw and corn stover. Total and effective specific energy decreased with an increase in screen size for all the crops studied. Total specific energy decreased with increase in mass feed rate, but effective specific energy increased for switchgrass and wheat straw, and decreased for corn stover at increased feed rate. For knife mill screen size of 25.4 mm and optimum speed of 250 rpm, optimum feed rates were 7.6, 5.8, and 4.5 kg/min for switchgrass, wheat straw, and corn stover, respectively, and the corresponding total specific energies were 7.57, 10.53, and 8.87 kWh/Mg and effective specific energies were 1.27, 1.50, and 0.24 kWh/Mg for switchgrass, wheat straw, and corn stover, respectively. Energy utilization ratios were calculated as 16.8%, 14.3%, and 2.8% for switchgrass, wheat straw, and corn stover, respectively. These data will be useful for preparing the feed material for subsequent fine grinding operations and designing new mills.

Bitra, V.S.P. [University of Tennessee; Womac, A.R. [University of Tennessee; Igathinathane, C. [Mississippi State University (MSU); Miu, P.I [University of Tennessee; Yang, Y.T. [University of Tennessee; Smith, D.R. [University of Tennessee; Chevanan, Nehru [University of Tennessee; Sokhansanj, Shahabaddine [ORNL

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Measuring the effects of low energy ion milling on the magnetization of Co/Pd multilayers using scanning electron microscopy with polarization analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

effects of low energy ion milling on the magnetization ofchange caused by the milling. In conclusion, we demonstratednm?, on the energy of ion milling is investigated using

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Iron and Steel Energy Intensities  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

If you are having trouble, call 202-586-8800 for help. Home > >Energy Users > Energy Efficiency Page > Iron and Steel Energy Intensities First Use of Energy Blue Bullet First Use/Value of Production Blue Bullet First Use/Ton of steel End Uses of Consumption Blue Bullet Total End Use/Value of Production Blue Bullet Total End Use/Ton of Steel Boiler Fuel as End Use Blue Bullet Boiler Fuel /Value of Production Blue Bullet Boiler Fuel /Ton of Steel Process Heating as End Use Blue Bullet Process Heating Fuel /Ton of Steel Blue Bullet Process Heating /Value of Production Machine Drive as End Use Blue Bullet Machine Drive Fuel/Ton of Steel Blue Bullet Machine Drive Fuel /Value of Production Expenditures Blue Bullet Purchased Fuel /Ton of Steel Blue Bullet Purchased Fuel /Value of Production

188

Plasma Cupola Processing of Mill Scale: CMP Report No. 90-11  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of Phase A of the Metallurgical Waste Treatment Program was to examine the iron recovery potential from processing mill scale with the plasma-fired cupola. Four scoping tests were performed examining different mill scale feed methods; mill scale fed through the cupola top, mill scale fed through the cupola top in briquette form and mill scale fed through the cupola tuyere with and without carbon. The test results indicate that at feed levels of 20 percent mill scale, high iron oxide yields ...

1991-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

189

Topologically Massive Yang-Mills Theory and Link Invariants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Topologically massive Yang-Mills theory is studied in the framework of geometric quantization. This theory has a mass gap that is proportional to the topological mass m. Due to the existence of this mass gap, Yang-Mills contribution dies at very large distances compared to 1/m, leaving a pure Chern-Simons theory with level number k. In this paper, an intermediate region is studied where the distance is large enough, so the theory is almost topological, but not infinitely large, so there is still a small contribution from Yang-Mills. It is shown that, this almost topological theory consists of two copies of Chern-Simons, each with level number k/2. As m approaches infinity, they add up to give the original Chern-Simons term with level k. Also, reduction of the phase space is discussed in this limit. Then finally, a relation between the observables of topologically massive Yang-Mills theory and Chern-Simons theory is shown. This allows one to use skein relations to calculate topologically massive Yang-Mills theory observables at large but finite distances.

Tuna Yildirim

2013-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

190

Grinding media oscillation: effect on torsional vibrations in tumble mills  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Tumble mills are hollow cylindrical shells of large diameter carrying grinding media (a combination of rock/iron ore/chemical flakes and metal balls/rods), which, upon rotation of the mill, will be ground into fine powder. These mills rotate at low speeds using a gear reduction unit and often have vibration problems. These vibration problems result in increased gear wear and occasional catastrophic failures resulting in production loss. The objective of this research is to investigate the effect of oscillation of grinding media on torsional vibrations of the mill. A theoretical model was developed to determine the oscillating frequency of the grinding media. A 12" (0.3 m) diameter tumble mill test rig was built with a 0.5 hp DC motor. The rig is tested with sand and iron bb balls to simulate the industry process application. At low volume levels the grinding media oscillates like a rigid body as compared to higher volumes. It is shown that tumbling action of grinding media causes torsional excitation and hence its effect has to be considered in torsional vibration analysis. At starting, the load on the gears is much higher due to this oscillation.

Toram, Kiran Kumar

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

The Effect of Kinematical Parameters and Tool Geometry on Burr Height in Face Milling of Al-Si Alloys  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Burr Formation in Face Milling”, Bulletin Japan Society ofHeight and Thickness in Face Milling Operation”, ASME J. ofRoughness in High Speed Face Milling”, 2001-2002 LMA Annual

Avila, Miguel C.; Dornfeld, David A

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Value Added Products from Hemicellulose Utilization in Dry Mill Ethanol Plants  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Iowa Corn Promotion Board is the principal contracting entity for this grant funded by the US Department of Agriculture and managed by the US Department of Energy. The Iowa Corn Promotion Board subcontracted with New Jersey Institute of Technology, KiwiChem, Pacific Northwest National Lab and Idaho National Lab to conduct research for this project. KiwiChem conducted the economic engineering assessment of a dry-mill ethanol plant. New Jersey Institute of Technology conducted work on incorporating the organic acids into polymers. Pacific Northwest National Lab conducted work in hydrolysis of hemicellulose, fermentation and chemical catalysis of sugars to value-added chemicals. Idaho National Lab engineered an organism to ferment a specific organic acid. Dyadic, an enzme company, was a collaborator which provided in-kind support for the project. The Iowa Corn Promotion Board collaborated with the Ohio Corn Marketing Board and the Minnesota Corn Merchandising Council in providing cost share for the project. The purpose of this diverse collaboration was to integrate the hydrolysis, the conversion and the polymer applications into one project and increase the likelihood of success. This project had two primary goals: (1) to hydrolyze the hemicellulose fraction of the distillers grain (DG) coproduct coming from the dry-mill ethanol plants and (2) convert the sugars derived from the hemicellulose into value-added co-products via fermentation and chemical catalysis.

Rodney Williamson, ICPB; John Magnuson, PNNL; David Reed, INL; Marco Baez, Dyadic; Marion Bradford, ICPB

2007-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

193

Biomass Burner Cogenerates Jobs and Electricity from Lumber Mill Waste |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Biomass Burner Cogenerates Jobs and Electricity from Lumber Mill Biomass Burner Cogenerates Jobs and Electricity from Lumber Mill Waste Biomass Burner Cogenerates Jobs and Electricity from Lumber Mill Waste December 6, 2011 - 3:57pm Addthis Dale and Sharon Borgford, small business owners in Stevens County, WA, break ground with Peter Goldmark, Washington State Commissioner of Public Lands. The pair brought more than 75 jobs to the area with help from DOE's State Energy Program and the U.S. Forest Service. | Photo courtesy of Washington DNR. Dale and Sharon Borgford, small business owners in Stevens County, WA, break ground with Peter Goldmark, Washington State Commissioner of Public Lands. The pair brought more than 75 jobs to the area with help from DOE's State Energy Program and the U.S. Forest Service. | Photo courtesy of

194

Moab Uranium Mill Tailings Cleanup Project Steps into Spotlight at  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Uranium Mill Tailings Cleanup Project Steps into Spotlight at Uranium Mill Tailings Cleanup Project Steps into Spotlight at International Meeting in Vienna Moab Uranium Mill Tailings Cleanup Project Steps into Spotlight at International Meeting in Vienna October 22, 2012 - 12:00pm Addthis Moab Federal Project Director Donald Metzler presents at the Uranium Mining Remediation Exchange Group meeting in Germany in September 2011. Moab Federal Project Director Donald Metzler presents at the Uranium Mining Remediation Exchange Group meeting in Germany in September 2011. Moab Federal Project Director Donald Metzler Moab Federal Project Director Donald Metzler Moab Federal Project Director Donald Metzler presents at the Uranium Mining Remediation Exchange Group meeting in Germany in September 2011. Moab Federal Project Director Donald Metzler

195

West Coast Paper Mills Ltd WCPML | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mills Ltd WCPML Mills Ltd WCPML Jump to: navigation, search Name West Coast Paper Mills Ltd. (WCPML) Place Dandeli, Karnataka, India Zip 581 325 Sector Biomass Product Dandeli based biomass project developers. Coordinates 15.25272°, 74.626404° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":15.25272,"lon":74.626404,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

196

City of Lake Mills, Iowa (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mills Mills Place Iowa Utility Id 10606 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location MRO NERC MRO Yes ISO MISO Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Commercial Commercial Commercial All Electric Commercial Industrial Electric Rate Industrial Residential Residential Average Rates Residential: $0.0988/kWh Commercial: $0.0948/kWh Industrial: $0.0786/kWh References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=City_of_Lake_Mills,_Iowa_(Utility_Company)&oldid=409818

197

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Loma Mill - CO 03  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Loma Mill - CO 03 Loma Mill - CO 03 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: Loma Mill (CO.03 ) Designated Name: Alternate Name: Location: Evaluation Year: Site Operations: Site Disposition: Radioactive Materials Handled: Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Radiological Survey(s): Site Status: This site is one of a group of 77 FUSRAP considered sites for which few, if any records are available in their respective site files to provide an historical account of past operations and their relationship, if any, with MED/AEC operations. Reviews of contact lists, accountable station lists, health and safety records and other documentation of the period do not provide sufficient information to warrant further search of historical records for information on these sites. These site files remain "open" to

198

Mill Run Wind Power Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wind Power Project Wind Power Project Jump to: navigation, search Name Mill Run Wind Power Project Facility Mill Run Wind Power Project Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner NextEra Energy Resources Developer Atlantic Renewable Energy Energy Purchaser Exelon Location Mill Run PA Coordinates 39.921026°, -79.388666° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.921026,"lon":-79.388666,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

199

Biomass Burner Cogenerates Jobs and Electricity from Lumber Mill Waste |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Biomass Burner Cogenerates Jobs and Electricity from Lumber Mill Biomass Burner Cogenerates Jobs and Electricity from Lumber Mill Waste Biomass Burner Cogenerates Jobs and Electricity from Lumber Mill Waste December 6, 2011 - 3:57pm Addthis Dale and Sharon Borgford, small business owners in Stevens County, WA, break ground with Peter Goldmark, Washington State Commissioner of Public Lands. The pair brought more than 75 jobs to the area with help from DOE's State Energy Program and the U.S. Forest Service. | Photo courtesy of Washington DNR. Dale and Sharon Borgford, small business owners in Stevens County, WA, break ground with Peter Goldmark, Washington State Commissioner of Public Lands. The pair brought more than 75 jobs to the area with help from DOE's State Energy Program and the U.S. Forest Service. | Photo courtesy of

200

Rockwell Automation & General Mills Teaming Profile | ENERGY STAR Buildings  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Rockwell Automation & General Mills Teaming Profile Rockwell Automation & General Mills Teaming Profile Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In This Section Campaigns Commercial building design Communications resources Energy management guidance Financial resources Portfolio Manager Products and purchasing Recognition Research and reports Service and product provider (SPP) resources

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "integrated steel mills" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Advanced Modeling and Materials in Kraft Pulp Mills  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This CRADA provided technical support to the Weyerhaeuser Company on a number of issues related to the performance and/or selection of materials at a number of locations in a pulp and paper mill. The studies related primarily to components for black liquor recovery boilers, but some effort was directed toward black liquor gasifiers and rolls for paper machines. The purpose of this CRADA was to assist Weyerhaeuser in the evaluation of materials exposed in various paper mill environments and to provide direction in the selection of alternate materials, when appropriate.

Keiser, J.R.; Gorog, J.P.

2002-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

202

Hochschild and cyclic homology of Yang-Mills algebras.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The aim of this article is to compute the Hochschild and cyclic homology groups of Yang-Mills algebras, that have been defined by A. Connes and M. Dubois-Violette. We proceed here the study of these algebras that we have initiated in a previous article. The computation involves the use of a spectral sequence associated to the natural filtration on the enveloping algebra of the Lie Yang-Mills algebra. This filtration in provided by a Lie ideal which is free as Lie algebra.

Estanislao Herscovich; Andrea Solotar

203

Arbitrary surface flank milling of fan, compressor, and impeller blades  

SciTech Connect

It is generally conceived that a blade surface is flank millable if it can be closely approximated by a ruled surface; otherwise the slow machining process of point milling has to be employed. However, the authors have now demonstrated that the ruled surface criterion for flank milling is neither necessary nor sufficient. Furthermore, many complex arbitrary surfaces typical of the blades in fans, axial compressors, and centrifugal impellers in aviation gas turbines are actually closely flank millable and can be rendered exactly flank millable with one or more passes per surface often without sacrificing, indeed usually with gain, in performance.

Wu, C.Y. [Pratt and Whitney Canada Incorporated, Longueuil, Quebec, (Canada). Design Engineering

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

CoNiFe Alloy Powder Synthesis by High Energy Milling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

CoNiFe alloy powder was synthesized by high energy milling of mixtures of Co, Ni and Fe powder as a bulk processing method for producing powder. A milling ...

205

Black Holes, q-Deformed 2d Yang-Mills, and Non-perturbative Topological Strings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Two-dimensional Yang-Mills, black holes and topologicalfor the two- dimensional black hole,” Nucl. Phys. B 622 (LBNL- 56688 Black Holes, q-Deformed 2d Yang-Mills, and Non-

Aganagic, Mina

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Recent Developments in Steel Processing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A New Technology of Shot Blasting and Pickling in S31803 Duplex Stainless Steel Plate and GR2 Titanium Plate · Analysis of Scale Deformation and Fracture in ...

207

D. Advanced Steels and Processing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Microstructures and Textures Comparison of Conventional and High Niobium API 5L X80 Line Pipe Steel Using EBSD · Molten Mold Flux Technology for ...

208

Steel Processing and Production I  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aug 8, 2013 ... A Study on the Reheat Crack Mechanism of High Strength Hydroelectricity Steel: Xi Zhang1; 1Shougang Research Institute of Technology

209

Physical Metallurgy of Linepipe Steels  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 10, 2012 ... 8:00 AM Introductory Comments Shale resources have been described as a game ... Production of API HIC Steels for Sour Service Oil and Gas ...

210

Steel Product Metallurgy and Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Atomic Scale Investigation on Precipitates in High Carbon Bearing Steel 100Cr6 ... The Effects of Nb and V Microalloying on Hardenability and Age Hardening in ...

211

Process for dezincing galvanized steel  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process for removing zinc from galvanized steel. The galvanized steel is immersed in an electrolyte containing at least about 15% by weight of sodium or potassium hydroxide and having a temperature of at least about 75.degree. C. and the zinc is galvanically corroded from the surface of the galvanized steel. The material serving as the cathode is principally a material having a standard electrode potential which is intermediate of the standard electrode potentials of zinc and cadmium in the electrochemical series. The corrosion rate may be accelerated by (i) increasing the number density of corrosion sites in the galvanized steel by mechanically abrading or deforming the galvanized steel, (ii) heating the galvanized steel to form an alloy of zinc on the surface of the galvanized steel, (iii) mixing the galvanized steel with a material having a standard electrode potential which is intermediate of the standard electrode potentials of zinc and cadmium in the electrochemical series, or (iv) moving the galvanized steel relative to itself and to the electrolyte while immersed in the electrolyte.

Morgan, William A. (Hamilton, CA); Dudek, Frederick J. (Arlington Heights, IL); Daniels, Edward J. (Oak Lawn, IL)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Process for dezincing galvanized steel  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process is described for removing zinc from galvanized steel. The galvanized steel is immersed in an electrolyte containing at least about 15% by weight of sodium or potassium hydroxide and having a temperature of at least about 75 C and the zinc is galvanically corroded from the surface of the galvanized steel. The material serving as the cathode is principally a material having a standard electrode potential which is intermediate of the standard electrode potentials of zinc and cadmium in the electrochemical series. The corrosion rate may be accelerated by (1) increasing the number density of corrosion sites in the galvanized steel by mechanically abrading or deforming the galvanized steel, (2) heating the galvanized steel to form an alloy of zinc on the surface of the galvanized steel, (3) mixing the galvanized steel with a material having a standard electrode potential which is intermediate of the standard electrode potentials of zinc and cadmium in the electrochemical series, or (4) moving the galvanized steel relative to itself and to the electrolyte while immersed in the electrolyte. 1 fig.

Morgan, W.A.; Dudek, F.J.; Daniels, E.J.

1998-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

213

The Yang-Mills theory as a massless limit of a massive nonabelian gauge model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A gauge invariant infrared regularization of the Yang-Mills theory applicable beyond perturbation theory is constructed.

A. A. Slavnov

2012-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

214

SU(2) Yang-Mills Theory in Savvidy Background at Finite Temperature and Chemical Potential  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The one-loop effective energy density of a pure SU(2) Yang-Mills theory in the Savvidy background, at finite temperature and chemical potential is examined with emphasis on the unstable modes. After identifying the stable and unstable modes, the stable modes are treated in the quadratic approximation. For the unstable modes, the full expansion including the cubic and the quartic terms in the fluctuations is used. The functional integrals for the unstable modes are evaluated and added to the results for the stable modes. The resulting energy density is found to be {\\it{real}}, coinciding with the real part of the energy density in the quadratic approximation of earlier study. There is now {\\it{no imaginary part.}} Numerical results are presented for the variation of the energy density with temperature for various choices of the chemical potential.

R. Parthasarathy; Alok Kumar

2006-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

215

Three dimensional modeling and finite element simulation of a generic end mill  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The geometry of cutting flutes and the surfaces of end mills is one of the crucial parameters affecting the quality of the machining in the case of end milling. These are usually represented by two-dimensional models. This paper describes in detail the ... Keywords: End mill, Finite element analysis, Mapping, Surface modeling, Surface patches

Puneet Tandon; Md. Rajik Khan

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

BIOMASS AND BLACK LIQUOR GASIFIER/GAS TURBINE COGENERATION AT PULP AND PAPER MILLS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BIOMASS AND BLACK LIQUOR GASIFIER/GAS TURBINE COGENERATION AT PULP AND PAPER MILLS ERIC D. LARSON Milano Milan, Italy ABSTRACT Cogeneration of heat and power at kraft pulp/paper mills from on-site bioma modeling of gasifier/gas turbine pulp-mill cogeneration systemsusing gasifier designs under commercial

217

Energy - environmental methods to reduce CO2emissions in Romanian iron and steel industry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents some energy-environmental methods for reducing the CO2 emissions in Romanian iron and steel processes, both technological, as well as combustion processes, in case of integrated, technological and energetic approach, using ... Keywords: CO2 emissions, emissions reduction, energy-environmental methods, integrated system, mathematical model

Ion Melinte; Mihaela Balanescu

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Voluntary Agreements for Increasing Energy-Efficiency in Industry: Case Study of a Pilot Project with the Steel Industry in Shandong Province, China  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes international experience with the use of Voluntary Agreements for increasing industrial sector energy-efficiency, drawing lessons learned regarding the essential elements of the more successful programs. The paper focuses on a pilot project for implementation of a Voluntary Agreement with two steel mills in Shandong Province that was developed through international collaboration with experts in China, the Netherlands, and the U.S. Designing the pilot project involved development of approaches for energy-efficiency potential assessments for the steel mills, target-setting to establish the Voluntary Agreement energy-efficiency goals, preparing energy-efficiency plans for implementation of energy-saving technologies and measures, and monitoring and evaluating the project's energy savings.

Price, Lynn; Worrell, Ernst; Sinton, Jonathan; Yun, Jiang

2003-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Materials Sustainability: Digital Resource Center - Steel Recycling ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jul 3, 2008 ... The Steel Recycling Institute is an industry association that promotes the recycling of steel products. The association website includes pages on ...

220

Materials Sustainability: Digital Resource Center - Steel Recycling ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jul 3, 2008 ... This video was created by the Steel Manufacturers Association to educate the public on the importance of recycling steel. Shredded cars ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "integrated steel mills" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Materials Sustainability: Digital Resource Center - Structural Steel ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jul 3, 2008 ... This report is a series fo reprints covering steel's sustainability and how structural steel contributes towards obtaining a LEED rating.

222

Symposium A: Advanced Steels and Processing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aug 3, 2010 ... A37 Unconventional Method of Nitriding of 316l Austenitic Steel: ... low carbon bainitic steels (ULCB) which were developed for offshore oil ...

223

Stainless and High Alloy Steels I  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cr ferritic-martensitic steels in steam power and chemical plants to ... steels have shown promise for a number of applications in power generation plants.

224

About The Iron and Steel Society  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The IRON & STEEL SOCIETY (ISS) is a professional and technical society that provides opportunities for networking among iron and steel industry professionals ...

225

Horizon Properties of Einstein-Yang-Mills Black Hole  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider static axially symmetric Einstein-Yang-Mills black holes in the isolated horizon formalism. The mass of these hairy black holes is related to the mass of the corresponding particle-like solutions by the horizon mass. The hairy black holes violate the ``quasi-local uniqueness conjecture'', based on the horizon charges.

B. Kleihaus; J. Kunz; A. Sood; M. Wirschins

2001-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

226

Boise Inc. St. Helens Paper Mill Achieves Significant Fuel Savings  

SciTech Connect

This case study describes how the Boise Inc. paper mill in St. Helens, Oregon, achieved annual savings of approximately 154,000 MMBtu and more than $1 million after receiving a DOE Save Energy Now energy assessment and implementing recommendations to improve the efficiency of its steam system.

Not Available

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project. [UMTRA project  

SciTech Connect

The mission of the Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project is explicitly stated and directed in the Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act of 1978, hereinafter referred to as the Act.'' Title I of the Act authorizes the Department of Energy (DOE) to undertake remedial action at designated inactive uranium processing sites (Attachment 1 and 2) and associated vicinity properties containing uranium mill tailings and other residual radioactive materials derived from the processing site. The purpose of the remedial actions is to stabilize and control such uranium mill tailings and other residual radioactive materials in a safe and environmentally sound manner to minimize radiation health hazards to the public. The principal health hazards and environmental concerns are: the inhalation of air particulates contaminated as a result of the emanation of radon from the tailings piles and the subsequent decay of radon daughters; and the contamination of surface and groundwaters with radionuclides or other chemically toxic materials. This UMTRA Project Plan identifies the mission and objectives of the project, outlines the technical and managerial approach for achieving them, and summarizes the performance, cost, and schedule baselines which have been established to guide operational activity. Estimated cost increases by 15 percent, or if the schedule slips by six months. 4 refs.

Not Available

1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Non-Abelian strings in supersymmetric Yang-Mills  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

I give a broad review of novel phenomena discovered in certain Yang-Mills theories: non-Abelian strings and confined monopoles. Then I explain how these phenomena allow one to study strong dynamics of gauge theories in four dimensions from two-dimensional models emerging on the string world sheet.

Shifman, M. [William I. Fine Theoretical Physics Institute, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455 (United States)

2012-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

229

The Whewell-Mill Debate in a Nutshell  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

agrees with Mill’s definition as far as it goes. Is Whewell therefore assenting to the standard concept of induction, which talks of inferring a generalization of the form “All As are Bs ” from the premise that “All observed As are Bs”? Does Whewell agree, to use Mill’s example, that inferring “All humans are mortal ” from the premise that “John, Peter and Paul, etc., are mortal ” is an example of induction? The surprising answer is “no”. How can this be? Our reading of Whewell is that he has an entirely different understanding of the term “general”. For Whewell, the proposition “All As are Bs ” is not general if it is a mere juxtaposition of particular cases (see Butts, ed., 1989, p. 163). Rather, for Whewell it is necessary that (Butts, ed., 1989, p. 47) “In each inductive process, there is some general idea introduced, which is given, not by the phenomena, but by the mind. ” The proposition is constituted of facts and conceptions which are, “bound together so as to give rise to those general propositions of which science consists ” (ref--see MR). For Whewell “All humans are mortal ” is not general in the appropriate sense because there has been no conception added. Whewell insists that in every genuine induction, “The

What John; Stuart Mill

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

5-Axis Freeform Surface Milling using Piecewise Ruled Surface Approximation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents a 5-axis side milling scheme for freeform surfaces based on automatic piecewise ruled surface approximation. With this scheme, resulting surface finish is accurate and pleasing, and has a smaller scallop height compared to ball-end milling. The ruled surface approximation can be made arbitrarily precise resulting in an overall fast milling operation that satisfies tight tolerances, and smoother surface finish. The class of surfaces that can take advantage of this type of 5-axis milling operation includes both convex and saddle-like (hyperbolic) shapes. 1 Introduction The automatic toolpath generation for manufacturing of models consisting of freeform surfaces is a difficult problem addressed by numerous researchers [Bob85, Choi89, Choi93, Chou89, Elb93, Elb94, Fers86, Jera91, Lone87, Sait91, Spen90, Zhan86]. 3-axis machining [Bob85, Choi89, Fers86, Jera91, Lone87, Sait91, Spen90, Zhan86] is more frequently used than 4- or 5-axis machining modes. While deri...

Gershon Elber; Russ Fish

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

REMOTE SENSING ACTIVITIES Caiti Steele  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

REMOTE SENSING ACTIVITIES Caiti Steele #12;REMOTE SENSING ACTIVITIES Remote sensing of biomass al., 2010) Remote sensing for mapping Ecological States: Spatially-Explicit Representation of State and Steele, in preparation) #12;REMOTE SENSING OF BIOMASS Can reflectance indices derived from Landsat

232

Market Mill Dependence Pattern in the Stock Market: Multiscale Conditional Dynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Market Mill is a complex dependence pattern leading to nonlinear correlations and predictability in intraday dynamics of stock prices. The present paper puts together previous efforts to build a dynamical model reflecting the market mill asymmetries. We show that certain properties of the conditional dynamics at a single time scale result in the "elementary" market mill pattern. We discuss these properties as a mixture of trend-preserving and contrarian strategies used by market agents. Multiple time scale considerations make the resulting "composite" mill similar to the empirical market mill patterns. Multiscale model also reflects a multi-agent nature of the market.

Zaitsev, Sergey; Leonidov, Andrei; Trainin, Vladimir

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Steel Penstock Coating and Lining Rehabilitation: A Hydropower Technology Roundup Report, Volume 3  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Steel penstocks and the coating and lining systems that enhance their structural integrity and serviceability are part of the infrastructure for a majority of the world's hydroelectric projects. This Hydropower Technology Roundup report aims to provide managers and technical staff responsible for hydropower plants with up-to-date information to enable them to assess the need for and implement the cost-effective rehabilitation of steel penstock coatings and linings.

2000-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

234

Beijing Jingye Bearing Manufacture for Rolling Mills Co Ltd | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jingye Bearing Manufacture for Rolling Mills Co Ltd Jingye Bearing Manufacture for Rolling Mills Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name Beijing Jingye Bearing Manufacture for Rolling Mills Co Ltd Place Beijing Municipality, China Sector Wind energy Product Beijing-based wind turbine bearing maker. References Beijing Jingye Bearing Manufacture for Rolling Mills Co Ltd[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Beijing Jingye Bearing Manufacture for Rolling Mills Co Ltd is a company located in Beijing Municipality, China . References ↑ "Beijing Jingye Bearing Manufacture for Rolling Mills Co Ltd" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Beijing_Jingye_Bearing_Manufacture_for_Rolling_Mills_Co_Ltd&oldid=342621

235

Research on the Carbothermic Reduction Conditions of Mill Scale ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

How to Control Strength and Grain Structure of 304L Stainless Steel during Forging · Improved ... Process Modeling and Reduction of Copper Loss in Smelting Slag ... Use of Polymeric Residues from the Footwear Industry in Layers of Asphalt ...

236

Abstract--Face Milling is today the most effective and productive manufacturing method for roughing and finishing large  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Surface Roughness in Cnc Face Milling of Cobalt-Based Alloy (Stellite 6)", The International Journal

Aristomenis, Antoniadis

237

STAINLESS STEEL INTERACTIONS WITH SALT CONTAINING PLUTONIUM OXIDES  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Salt containing plutonium oxide materials are treated, packaged and stored within nested, stainless steel containers based on requirements established in the DOE 3013 Standard. The moisture limit for the stored materials is less than 0.5 weight %. Surveillance activities which are conducted to assess the condition of the containers and assure continuing 3013 container integrity include the destructive examination of a select number of containers to determine whether corrosion attack has occurred as a result of stainless steel interactions with salt containing plutonium oxides. To date, some corrosion has been observed on the innermost containers, however, no corrosion has been noted on the outer containers and the integrity of the 3013 container systems is not expected to be compromised over a 50 year storage lifetime.

Nelson, Z.; Chandler, G.; Dunn, K.; Stefek, T.; Summer, M.

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Mircoalloyed and Bar Forging Steel Symposium  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cosponsoring Societies: Advanced Steel Processing & Products Research Center, Forging Industry Educational and Research Foundation, Forging Industry

239

Release of Residues from Melting NORM-Contaminated Steel Scrap - A German Approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As many raw materials like crude oil, natural gas, mineral sands, phosphor ores and others are contaminated by radionuclides from the Uranium and/or Thorium decay chain (NORM), also plants for processing these materials became contaminated during operation. When plants are shut down, large quantities of pipes, valves, pumps and other components have to be scrapped. As scrap yards and steel mills are equipped by large detector systems to avoid an input of radioactivity into the steel cycle, decontamination is required before recycling. Siempelkamp is operating a melting plant for processing NORM and/or chemically/ toxically contaminated steel scrap. Beside the decontaminated steel as output, residues like slag and filter dust have to be managed within the range of licensed values. Based on the European Safety Standard the European member states have to implement radiation exposure from work activities with NORM in their Radiation Protection Ordinances (RPO). The German government revised the RPO in July 2001. Part 3 describes exposure limits for workers and for the public. Exposures from residues management have to meet 1 mSv/year. Brenk Systemplanung has performed calculations for assessing the radiation exposure from residues of the Siempelkamp melting plant. These calculations have been based on the input of metal from different origins and include all relevant exposure pathways in a number of scenarios. The calculations have been based on the dose criterion of 1 mSv/y as required by the German RPO. The methods and results will be presented.

Quade, U.; Thierfeldt, S.; Wvrlen, S.

2003-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

240

WELDED TRANSITION JOINT BETWEEN 2-1/4% Cr 1% Mo STEEL AND TYPE 316 STAINLESS STEEL. SODIUM COMPONENTS DESIGN PROJECT RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM-FINAL REPORT  

SciTech Connect

A steam generator, wherein the boiler, steam drum, and superheater are integrated into one single unit, requires the welding of a transition joint between the 2 1/4% Cr-1% Mo steel of the steam drum and the type 316 stainless steel of the superheater. A practicable procedure was developed for the welding of this transition joint and the properties of the weld were evaluated by mechanical testing and metallurgical evaluation. After evaluating the technical aspects of the project and their relation to the fabrication of the generator, it was considered desirable to overlay the welding edge of the 2 1/4% Cr-1% Mo steel with a suitable austenitic weld metul which would subsequently be welded to the type 316 stainless steel of the superheater. Austenitic stainless steel and high-nickel alloy weld metals were evaluated for the overlay; whereas only austenitic stainless steel weld metals were evaluated for the final weld joining the components. It was concluded that type 309 stainless steel weld metal deposited automatically by the submergedarc process is completely satisfactory for cladding the 2 1/4% Cr-1% Mo base metal and for making the final transition weld joining the steam drum and superheater sections of the generator. Supplementary mechanical tests, metallographic examinations, and hardness surveys further attested to the adequacy of the quality of the transition joint resulting from the procedures developed by this program. A detailed fabrication and thermal treatment specification is included for the welding of a transition joint between

1960-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "integrated steel mills" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Integrate Experiments and Models to Estimate Exposure - (1) Building  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Integrate Experiments and Models to Estimate Exposure - (1) Building Integrate Experiments and Models to Estimate Exposure - (1) Building Fumigation and (2) Elemental Mercury Spill Speaker(s): Wanyu Chan Date: February 22, 2010 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3075 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Michael Sohn Models that predict exposure concentrations in the indoor and outdoor air can be improved by experiments designed to validate or calibrate the models. This presentation will showcase two examples where experiments and models are integrated to estimate exposure concentrations. One example is the use of methyl bromide as fumigant at food processing facilities. Field studies were conducted at three mill sites that are representative of typical industry practices in terms of size, operation, and fumigation protocol. Concentrations of methyl bromide inside the mills and outdoors

242

2169 steel waveform experiments.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In support of LLNL efforts to develop multiscale models of a variety of materials, we have performed a set of eight gas gun impact experiments on 2169 steel (21% Cr, 6% Ni, 9% Mn, balance predominantly Fe). These experiments provided carefully controlled shock, reshock and release velocimetry data, with initial shock stresses ranging from 10 to 50 GPa (particle velocities from 0.25 to 1.05 km/s). Both windowed and free-surface measurements were included in this experiment set to increase the utility of the data set, as were samples ranging in thickness from 1 to 5 mm. Target physical phenomena included the elastic/plastic transition (Hugoniot elastic limit), the Hugoniot, any phase transition phenomena, and the release path (windowed and free-surface). The Hugoniot was found to be nearly linear, with no indications of the Fe-phase transition. Releases were non-hysteretic, and relatively consistent between 3- and 5-mm-thick samples (the 3 mm samples giving slightly lower wavespeeds on release). Reshock tests with explosively welded impactors produced clean results; those with glue bonds showed transient releases prior to the arrival of the reshock, reducing their usefulness for deriving strength information. The free-surface samples, which were steps on a single piece of steel, showed lower wavespeeds for thin (1 mm) samples than for thicker (2 or 4 mm) samples. A configuration used for the last three shots allows release information to be determined from these free surface samples. The sample strength appears to increase with stress from ~1 GPa to ~ 3 GPa over this range, consistent with other recent work but about 40% above the Steinberg model.

Furnish, Michael David; Alexander, C. Scott; Reinhart, William Dodd; Brown, Justin L.

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

2169 steel waveform experiments.  

SciTech Connect

In support of LLNL efforts to develop multiscale models of a variety of materials, we have performed a set of eight gas gun impact experiments on 2169 steel (21% Cr, 6% Ni, 9% Mn, balance predominantly Fe). These experiments provided carefully controlled shock, reshock and release velocimetry data, with initial shock stresses ranging from 10 to 50 GPa (particle velocities from 0.25 to 1.05 km/s). Both windowed and free-surface measurements were included in this experiment set to increase the utility of the data set, as were samples ranging in thickness from 1 to 5 mm. Target physical phenomena included the elastic/plastic transition (Hugoniot elastic limit), the Hugoniot, any phase transition phenomena, and the release path (windowed and free-surface). The Hugoniot was found to be nearly linear, with no indications of the Fe-phase transition. Releases were non-hysteretic, and relatively consistent between 3- and 5-mm-thick samples (the 3 mm samples giving slightly lower wavespeeds on release). Reshock tests with explosively welded impactors produced clean results; those with glue bonds showed transient releases prior to the arrival of the reshock, reducing their usefulness for deriving strength information. The free-surface samples, which were steps on a single piece of steel, showed lower wavespeeds for thin (1 mm) samples than for thicker (2 or 4 mm) samples. A configuration used for the last three shots allows release information to be determined from these free surface samples. The sample strength appears to increase with stress from ~1 GPa to ~ 3 GPa over this range, consistent with other recent work but about 40% above the Steinberg model.

Furnish, Michael David; Alexander, C. Scott; Reinhart, William Dodd; Brown, Justin L.

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Gang Mills, New York: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Gang Mills, New York: Energy Resources Gang Mills, New York: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 42.1461852°, -77.1116375° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.1461852,"lon":-77.1116375,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

245

Roger Mills County, Oklahoma: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Roger Mills County, Oklahoma: Energy Resources Roger Mills County, Oklahoma: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 35.616176°, -99.634135° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":35.616176,"lon":-99.634135,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

246

Wind Resource Assessment Report: Mille Lacs Indian Reservation, Minnesota  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) launched the RE-Powering America's Land initiative to encourage development of renewable energy on potentially contaminated land and mine sites. EPA collaborated with the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and the Mille Lacs Band of Chippewa Indians to evaluate the wind resource and examine the feasibility of a wind project at a contaminated site located on the Mille Lacs Indian Reservation in Minnesota. The wind monitoring effort involved the installation of a 60-m met tower and the collection of 18 months of wind data at multiple heights above the ground. This report focuses on the wind resource assessment, the estimated energy production of wind turbines, and an assessment of the economic feasibility of a potential wind project sited this site.

Jimenez, A. C.

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Anderson Mill, Texas: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Anderson Mill, Texas: Energy Resources Anderson Mill, Texas: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 30.4549224°, -97.8058432° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":30.4549224,"lon":-97.8058432,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

248

Kemp Mill, Maryland: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kemp Mill, Maryland: Energy Resources Kemp Mill, Maryland: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 39.0389982°, -77.0191436° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.0389982,"lon":-77.0191436,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

249

Mills County, Iowa: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mills County, Iowa: Energy Resources Mills County, Iowa: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 41.0624496°, -95.6457951° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.0624496,"lon":-95.6457951,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

250

Mille Lacs County, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mille Lacs County, Minnesota: Energy Resources Mille Lacs County, Minnesota: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 45.9228403°, -93.6218744° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":45.9228403,"lon":-93.6218744,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

251

DOE/EA-1155 Uranium Mill Tailing Remedial Action Project  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

55 55 Uranium Mill Tailing Remedial Action Project Environmental Assessment of Ground- Water Compliance Activities At the Uranium Mill Tailings Site Spook, Wyoming February 1997 Prepared by U.S. Department of Energy Albuquerque Operations Office Grand Junction Office This page intentionally blank : illegible Portions of tbis DISCLAIMER document may be in electronic image products. Images are produced fiom the best available original dOClMXlf?IlL DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, make any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liabili- ty or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness,

252

Cedar Mill, Oregon: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mill, Oregon: Energy Resources Mill, Oregon: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 45.5048397°, -122.7984325° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":45.5048397,"lon":-122.7984325,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

253

Mathematical model parameters for describing the particle size spectra of knife-milled corn stover  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Particle size distributions of Corn stover (Zea mays L.) created by a knife mill were determined using integral classifying screens with sizes from 12.7 to 50.8 mm, operating at speeds from 250 to 500 rpm, and mass input rates ranging from 1 to 9 kg min_1. Particle distributions were classified using American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers (ASABE) standardised sieves for forage analysis that incorporated a horizontal sieving motion. The sieves were made from machined-aluminium with their thickness proportional to the sieve opening dimensions. A wide range of analytical descriptors that could be used to mathematically represent the range of particle sizes in the distributions were examined. The correlation coefficients between geometric mean length and screen size, feed rate, and speed were 0.980, 0.612, and _0.027, respectively. Screen size and feed rate directly influenced particle size, whereas operating speed had a weak indirect relation with particle size. The Rosin Rammler equation fitted the chopped corn stover size distribution data with coefficient of determination (R2) > 0.978. This indicated that particle size distribution of corn stover was well-fit by the Rosin Rammler function. This can be attributed to the fact that Rosin Rammler expression was well suited to the skewed distribution of particle sizes. Skewed distributions occurred when significant quantities of particles, either finer or coarser, existed or were removed from region of the predominant size. The mass relative span was slightly greater than 1, which indicated that it was a borderline narrow to wide distribution of particle sizes. The uniformity coefficient was corn stover produced fine-skewed mesokurtic particles with 12.7 50.8 mm screens. Size-related parameters, namely, geometric mean length, Rosin Rammler size parameter, median length, effective length, and size guide number, were well predicted at R2 values of 0.981, 0.982, 0.979, 0.950 and 0.978, respectively as a function of knife mill screen size, feed rate, and speed. Results of this analysis of particle sizes could be applied to the selection of knife mill operating parameters to produce a particular size of corn stover chop, and could serve as a guide for the relationships among various analytic descriptors of biomass particle distributions.

Bitra, V.S.P [University of Tennessee; Womac, A.R. [University of Tennessee; Yang, Y.T. [University of Tennessee; Miu, P.I. [University of Tennessee; Igathanathane, C. [Mississippi State University (MSU)

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Project (UMTRAP) Public Participation Plan  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this Public Participation Plan is to explain the Department of Energy`s plan for involving the public in the decision-making process related to the Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project. This project was authorized by Congress in the Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act of 1978. The Act provides for a cooperative effort with affected states and Indian tribes for the eventual cleanup of abandoned or inactive uranium mill tailings sites, which are located in nine western states and in Pennsylvania. Section 111 of the Act states, ``in carrying out the provisions of this title, including the designation of processing sites, establishing priorities for such sites, the selection of remedial actions and the execution of cooperative agreements, the Secretary (of Energy), the Administrator (of the Environmental Protection Agency), and the (Nuclear Regulatory) Commission shall encourage public participation and, where appropriate, the Secretary shall hold public hearings relative to such matters in the States where processing sites and disposal sites are located.`` The objective of this document is to show when, where, and how the public will be involved in this project.

NONE

1981-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Intelligent Energy Control System in Hot Strip Mill - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, Reducing energy usage in steel industries has a large impact to sustainable society. TMEIC, as an electrical equipment supplier to steel ...

256

Energy in Iron and Steel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Energy Technologies and Carbon Dioxide Management: Energy in Iron and Steel ... today imposed by energy, raw materials supply and over supply in the market. ... Through the studies of CCT, TTT and X-ray analysis, it has been successfully ...

257

Session F: Iron and Steel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Precipitated Duplex Stainless Steel: Wee-Do Yoo1; Young Ju Oh1; Won Jon Yang1; Doo Hyun Kim1; Jong Hoon Lee1; 1Korea Institute of Materials Science

258

Smelting Technology and Final Product Quality of Steel Rails Used ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Baotou Steel (Group) Corp. is one of the important production bases for steel rails in China. In order to meet the development of railway transportation, steel rails ...

259

Climate VISION: Private Sector Initiatives: Iron and Steel: Resources...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Industry Associations American Iron and Steel Institute For over a century, North American steel producers have worked as partners and members of the American Iron and Steel...

260

Comments of Steele-Waseca Cooperative Electric | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Steele-Waseca Cooperative Electric Comments of Steele-Waseca Cooperative Electric Comments of Steele-Waseca Cooperative Electric onImplementing the National Broadband Plan by...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "integrated steel mills" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Welding tritium aged stainless steel  

SciTech Connect

Stainless steels exposed to tritium become unweldable by conventional methods due to He buildup within the metal matrix. With longer service lives expected for new weapon systems, and service life extensions of older systems, methods for welding/repair on tritium-exposed material will become important. Results are reported that indicate that both solid-state resistance welding and low-heat gas metal arc overlay welding are promising methods for repair or modification of tritium-aged stainless steel.

Kanne, W.R. Jr.

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

The Grade 91 Steel Handbook  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Detailed analysis of service experience with Grade 91 steels, as well as the results of long-term laboratory tests, has demonstrated that there are key issues associated with use of this tempered martensitic steel that require detailed consideration. These issues include:Review of composition effectsInfluence of fabrication variables on propertiesInfluence of heat treatment on propertiesWelding and post-weld heat treatment ...

2013-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

263

Diode laser welding of aluminum to steel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Laser welding of dissimilar materials was carried out by using a high power diode laser to join aluminum to steel in a butt-joint configuration. During testing, the laser scan rate was changed as well as the laser power: at low values of fluence (i.e. the ratio between laser power and scan rate), poor joining was observed; instead at high values of fluence, an excess in the material melting affected the joint integrity. Between these limiting values, a good aesthetics was obtained; further investigations were carried out by means of tensile tests and SEM analyses. Unfortunately, a brittle behavior was observed for all the joints and a maximum rupture stress about 40 MPa was measured. Apart from the formation of intermeltallic phases, poor mechanical performances also depended on the chosen joining configuration, particularly because of the thickness reduction of the seam in comparison with the base material.

Santo, Loredana; Quadrini, Fabrizio; Trovalusci, Federica [University of Rome Tor Vergata, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Via del Politecnico 1, 00133 Rome (Italy)

2011-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

264

Physical stability of asphalt emulsion admix seal radon barrier for uranium mill tailings  

SciTech Connect

Pacific Northwest Laboratory, is investigating the use of an asphalt emulsion admix seal to reduce the release of radon from uranium mill tailings. A key requirement of any cover system is its long-term stability; the cover must withstand failure over very long periods of time. An important determinant of overall cover system stability is the integrity of the 6.35-cm (2.5-in.) thick asphalt admix seal. Therefore, the physical stability of this seal was examined. The investigation considered the mechanical interaction between the tailings pile and cover. The potential effect of differential settlement of the tailings pile on the integrity of the seal system was also examined. Results indicate that the minimum span length the seal could withstand without failing is 0.34 m (1.1 ft). This assumes a differential settlement of 4.92 cm (1.94 in.) at the center resulting from the application of a 0.76-m (2.5-ft) cover. At spans greater than 0.60 m (1.97 ft), no tensile strain would develop.

Gates, T.E.

1983-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Grid Integration  

SciTech Connect

Summarizes the goals and activities of the DOE Solar Energy Technologies Program efforts within its grid integration subprogram.

Not Available

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Fatigue Testing of Carbon Steels and Low-Alloy Steels [Corrosion...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fatigue Testing of Carbon Steels and Low-Alloy Steels Capabilities Materials Testing Environmentally Assisted Cracking (EAC) of Reactor Materials Corrosion PerformanceMetal...

267

Bioenergy Pumps New Life into Pulp and Paper Mills | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Bioenergy Pumps New Life into Pulp and Paper Mills Bioenergy Pumps New Life into Pulp and Paper Mills Bioenergy Pumps New Life into Pulp and Paper Mills December 13, 2011 - 4:12pm Addthis Old Town Fuel and Fiber, a former pulp mill, converts a portion of the wood chips used to make pulp to biofuels. | Energy Department photo. Old Town Fuel and Fiber, a former pulp mill, converts a portion of the wood chips used to make pulp to biofuels. | Energy Department photo. Neil Rossmeissl General Engineer What does this project do? Breathes new life into shuttered factories and mills. Saves and creates jobs. Despite Americans' voracious appetite for paper products -- a staggering 700 pounds per person annually -- America's pulp and paper industry has been struggling as of late due to competition from countries where

268

CLEANING UP MILL TAILINGS AND GROUND WATER AT THE MOAB UMTRA PROJECT SITE |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CLEANING UP MILL TAILINGS AND GROUND WATER AT THE MOAB UMTRA CLEANING UP MILL TAILINGS AND GROUND WATER AT THE MOAB UMTRA PROJECT SITE CLEANING UP MILL TAILINGS AND GROUND WATER AT THE MOAB UMTRA PROJECT SITE August 2, 2010 - 12:00pm Addthis A sheep’s foot roller compacts the tailings in the disposal cell. A sheep's foot roller compacts the tailings in the disposal cell. Moab, UT MILL TAILINGS REMOVAL Sixteen million tons of uranium mill tailings 80 feet high stood on the banks of the Colorado River near Moab in southeast Utah, as a legacy to the former ore-processing site that operated for nearly three decades beginning in the mid-1950s. That is until April 2009, when the U.S. Department of Energy began moving the tailings by rail to an engineered disposal cell constructed 30 miles north near Crescent Junction, Utah. The mill tailings,

269

6 Million Tons of Mill Tailings Removed From DOE Moab Project Site |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6 Million Tons of Mill Tailings Removed From DOE Moab Project Site 6 Million Tons of Mill Tailings Removed From DOE Moab Project Site 6 Million Tons of Mill Tailings Removed From DOE Moab Project Site June 18, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis Media Contacts Donald Metzler, Moab Federal Project Director (970) 257-2115 Wendee Ryan, S&K Aerospace Public Affairs Manager (970) 257-2145 (Grand Junction, CO) - Today, the Department of Energy (DOE) announced that 6 million tons of uranium mill tailings have been shipped from Moab, Utah, under the Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Project to an engineered disposal cell near Crescent Junction, Utah. The shipments mark continued progress toward relocating the 16-million-ton uranium mill tailings pile away from the Colorado River. "The federal budget continues to be stretched thin, and I am proud this

270

6 Million Tons of Mill Tailings Removed From DOE Moab Project Site |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6 Million Tons of Mill Tailings Removed From DOE Moab Project Site 6 Million Tons of Mill Tailings Removed From DOE Moab Project Site 6 Million Tons of Mill Tailings Removed From DOE Moab Project Site June 18, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis Media Contacts Donald Metzler, Moab Federal Project Director (970) 257-2115 Wendee Ryan, S&K Aerospace Public Affairs Manager (970) 257-2145 (Grand Junction, CO) - Today, the Department of Energy (DOE) announced that 6 million tons of uranium mill tailings have been shipped from Moab, Utah, under the Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Project to an engineered disposal cell near Crescent Junction, Utah. The shipments mark continued progress toward relocating the 16-million-ton uranium mill tailings pile away from the Colorado River. "The federal budget continues to be stretched thin, and I am proud this

271

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Tuba City Mill Site - AZ 0-02  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Mill Site - AZ 0-02 Mill Site - AZ 0-02 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: Tuba City Mill Site (AZ.0-02 ) Designated Name: Alternate Name: Location: Evaluation Year: Site Operations: Site Disposition: Radioactive Materials Handled: Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Radiological Survey(s): Site Status: Also see Tuba City, Arizona, Disposal Site Documents Related to Tuba City Mill Site 2012 Annual Site Inspection and Monitoring Report for Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act Title I Disposal Sites-Tuba City, Arizona, Disposal Site. LMS/S09461. February 2013 2008 UMTRCA Title I Annual Report January 2009 Tuba City, Arizona February 2009 Groundwater and Surface Water Sampling at the Tuba City, Arizona Disposal Site May 2009 This fact sheet provides information about the Uranium Mill Tailings

272

EA-1155: Ground-water Compliance Activities at the Uranium Mill Tailings  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5: Ground-water Compliance Activities at the Uranium Mill 5: Ground-water Compliance Activities at the Uranium Mill Tailings Site, Spook, Wyoming EA-1155: Ground-water Compliance Activities at the Uranium Mill Tailings Site, Spook, Wyoming SUMMARY This EA evaluates the environmental impacts for the proposal to comply with the Environmental Protection Agency's ground-water standards set forth in 40 CFR 192 at the Spook, Wyoming Uranium Mill Tailings Site by using the selected alternative stated in the Final Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement for the Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Ground Water Project. PUBLIC COMMENT OPPORTUNITIES None available at this time. DOCUMENTS AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD March 1, 1997 EA-1155: Final Environmental Assessment Ground-water Compliance Activities at the Uranium Mill Tailings Site,

273

Moab Project Disposes 2 Million Tons of Uranium Mill Tailings with Recovery  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Moab Project Disposes 2 Million Tons of Uranium Mill Tailings with Moab Project Disposes 2 Million Tons of Uranium Mill Tailings with Recovery Act Funds Moab Project Disposes 2 Million Tons of Uranium Mill Tailings with Recovery Act Funds The Moab Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Project reached its primary American Recovery and Reinvestment Act milestone ahead of schedule on Wednesday with the disposal of 2 million tons of uranium mill tailings. The project had originally planned to ship 2 million tons of tailings with Recovery Act funds. Now, Recovery Act workers are surpassing that goal. Moab Project Disposes 2 Million Tons of Uranium Mill Tailings with Recovery Act Funds More Documents & Publications EIS-0355: Record of Decision EIS-0355: Draft Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0355: Final Environmental Impact Statement

274

Bioenergy Pumps New Life into Pulp and Paper Mills | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Bioenergy Pumps New Life into Pulp and Paper Mills Bioenergy Pumps New Life into Pulp and Paper Mills Bioenergy Pumps New Life into Pulp and Paper Mills December 13, 2011 - 4:12pm Addthis Old Town Fuel and Fiber, a former pulp mill, converts a portion of the wood chips used to make pulp to biofuels. | Energy Department photo. Old Town Fuel and Fiber, a former pulp mill, converts a portion of the wood chips used to make pulp to biofuels. | Energy Department photo. Neil Rossmeissl General Engineer What does this project do? Breathes new life into shuttered factories and mills. Saves and creates jobs. Despite Americans' voracious appetite for paper products -- a staggering 700 pounds per person annually -- America's pulp and paper industry has been struggling as of late due to competition from countries where

275

Low energy milling method, low crystallinity alloy, and negative electrode composition  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of making nanostructured alloy particles includes milling a millbase in a pebble mill containing milling media. The millbase comprises: (i) silicon, and (ii) at least one of carbon or a transition metal, and wherein the nanostructured alloy particles are substantially free of crystalline domains greater than 50 nanometers in size. A method of making a negative electrode composition for a lithium ion battery including the nanostructured alloy particles is also disclosed.

Le, Dihn B; Obrovac, Mark N; Kube, Robert Y; Landucci, James R

2012-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

276

Minimizing Process Energy Use for a Large TMP Mill With Pinch Technology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

American Process Inc. conducted an energy targeting scoping study for a large thermomechanical pulping (TMP) mill, using Pinch analysis. The mill produces bleached, unbleached, and semibleached kraft market pulp and standard and offset newsprint. Operations are supported by steam raised in the recovery boiler and in the power boilers. Oil and hog fuels are used in the power boilers. Some power is generated on site and also purchased. The study concentrated on identifying the steps necessary for the mill ...

2000-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

277

Diffraction Analysis of Ball Milled Platinum Based Powders (Pt-ZrO2)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... series of powder samples with different amount of ZrO2 and ball milling time were examined by the synchrotron radiation at Brookhaven National Laboratory.

278

Pretreatment of Pulp Mill Wastewater Treatment Residues to Improve Their Anaerobic Digestion.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Anaerobic digestion of excess biological wastewater treatment sludge (WAS) from pulp mills has the potential to reduce disposal costs and to generate energy through biogas… (more)

Wood, Nicholas

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Phase evolution in carbide dispersion strengthened nanostructured copper composite by high energy ball milling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study, high-energy ball milling was applied to synthesis in situ nanostructured copper based composite reinforced with metal carbides. Cu, M (M=W or Ti) and graphite powder mixture were mechanically alloyed for various milling time in a planetary ball mill with composition of Cu-20vol%WC and Cu-20vol%TiC. Then the as-milled powder were compacted at 200 to 400 MPa and sintered in a vacuum furnace at 900 Degree-Sign C. The results of X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive spectroscopy analysis showed that formation of tungsten carbides (W{sub 2}C and WC phases) was observed after sintering of Cu-W-C mixture while TiC precipitated in as-milled powder of Cu-Ti-C composite after 5 h and become amorphous with longer milling. Mechanism of MA explained the cold welding and fracturing event during milling. Cu-W-C system shows fracturing event is more dominant at early stage of milling and W particle still existed after milling up to 60 h. While in Cu-Ti-C system, cold welding is more dominant and all Ti particles dissolved into Cu matrix.

Hussain, Zuhailawati; Nur Hawadah, M. S. [School of Materials and Mineral Resources Engineering, Engineering Campus, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 14300 Nibong Tebal, Penang (Malaysia)

2012-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

280

Energy Consumption Characterization and Reduction Strategies for Milling Machine Tool Use  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cutting Condition on Power Consumption of Machine Tools, in:Energy Consumption Characterization and Reduction Strategiesand reducing the energy consumption of milling machine tools

Diaz, Nancy; E. Redelsheimer; Dornfeld, David

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "integrated steel mills" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Synthesis of Ti/TiC Composites by Mechanical Milling Followed by ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

carbon nanotubes were subjected to high energy ball milling followed by spark plasma sintering (SPS) to synthesize Ti composite reinforced with in-situ formed ...

282

Energy Consumption Characterization and Reduction Strategies for Milling Machine Tool Use  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy Consumption Characterization and Reduction Strategiesand reducing the energy consumption of milling machine toolsGreen Machine Tools; Energy Consumption Reduction; Specific

Diaz, Nancy; E. Redelsheimer; Dornfeld, David

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Sweet-Talking the Climate? Evaluating Sugar Mill Cogeneration and Climate Change Financing in India  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and  the  high  price  of  biomass, paper mills are paying only as long as the price of biomass remains  high.    A 

Ranganathan, Malini; Haya, Barbara; Kirpekar, Sujit

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Developing a generic hazard analysis critical control point (HACCP) system for the wheat milling industry.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In South Africa there is a need within the milling industry for controlling food safety especially due to customer's demands and government's regulations. The best… (more)

Gillion, Lauren

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Damaged starch in the flour mill: how to reduce the electricity bill.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The purpose of the research reported in the thesis, here, is to quantify new value added possible in flour milling with the use of the… (more)

Loubersac Dhotel, Charles

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Investigation and design of wet-mill equipment and process technology.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??need to dry-mill the wheat into flour, and as a result, the total cost of conversion from wheat to bread is reduced. The resulting product… (more)

Smith, Lisa Noelle.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Changing patterns of flour-milling in the South Island, 1840-1973.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Soon after the first permanent colonists came to the South Island the first flour-mills were established to produce flour for the needs of the population.… (more)

Wright, Murray John

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Benefits of flour storage as related to process efficiencies in milling.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The milling of wheat into white flour is a high volume, low margin business. Flour is a commodity. Competition is fierce. Over the past several… (more)

Johnson, Brent S.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Nanocrystalline non-stoichiometric SBT: Effect of milling duration on structural and electrical characteristics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the present work, nanocrystalline specimens of non-stoichiometric Strontium Bismuth Tantalate (SBT) ferroelectric ceramics were synthesized by mechanical activation process using a high energy planetary ball mill. The powders were milled for different milling durations (5, 10, 20 h) keeping the milling speed fixed at 300 rpm. Microstructural characterizations have been performed using X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, electron diffraction and transmission electron microscopy. Nanocrystallites with average grain size in the range of 30-50 nm are observed to be formed. Grain size is observed to decrease with increasing milling duration. Detailed dielectric study as a function of temperature has been carried out. It is observed that dielectric constant increases and dielectric loss decreases with increasing milling duration. The observed characteristics have been explained in terms of increased number of grain boundaries due to the reduction of granular size. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer In the present work nano crystalline non-stoichiometric SBT has been synthesized. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The technique involved is mechanical activation (high energy ball milling). Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The milling duration has been optimized. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Sr0.8Bi2.2Ta2O9 milled for 20 hours exhibit enhanced electrical characteristics.

Sugandha, E-mail: miglani.sugandha@gmail.com [Thin Film and Material Science Laboratory, Department of Applied Physics, Delhi Technological University (Formerly Delhi College of Engineering), Delhi-110042 (India); Jha, A.K., E-mail: Prof.akjha@gmail.com [Thin Film and Material Science Laboratory, Department of Applied Physics, Delhi Technological University (Formerly Delhi College of Engineering), Delhi-110042 (India); Department of Applied Sciences, Ambedkar Institute of Technology, GGSIPU, Geeta Colony, Delhi-110092 (India)

2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

290

Examination of Compatibility of Potentially Cavitation-Resistant Modifications of Type 316LN Stainless Steel with Mercury in a Thermal Convection Loop  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A 316L stainless steel thermal convection loop (TCL) containing a variety of stainless steel coupons circulated mercury for 2000 h. The TCL conditions included a maximum temperature of 307 C, a maximum temperature gradient of 90 C, and a Hg velocity of about 1.4 m/min. In addition to mill-annealed/surface-ground 316LN coupons serving as the baseline material, other coupons included 316LN that was 50% cold-worked, 316LN that was given a proprietary surface hardening treatment termed ''kolsterizing,'' and Nitronic 60. The purpose of this test was to examine Hg compatibility with these modest variations of annealed 31 6LN stainless steel that are considered potential improvements over annealed 31 6LN for cavitation-erosion resistance in the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) target containment system. The results indicated negligible weight change for each coupon type, no significant indication of attack or surface roughening, and generally no interaction with Hg.

Pawel, SJ

2002-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

291

Lectures on 2d Gauge Theories: Topological Aspects and Path Integral Techniques  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

These are lecture notes of lectures presented at the 1993 Trieste Summer School, dealing with two classes of two-dimensional field theories, (topological) Yang-Mills theory and the G/G gauged WZW model. The aim of these lectures is to exhibit and extract the topological information contained in these theories, and to present a technique (a Weyl integral formula for path integrals) which allows one to calculate directly their partition function and topological correlation functions on arbitrary closed surfaces. Topics dealt with are (among others): solution of Yang-Mills theory on arbitrary surfaces; calculation of intersection numbers of moduli spaces of flat connections; coupling of Yang-Mills theory to coadjoint orbits and intersection numbers of moduli spaces of parabolic bundles; derivation of the Verlinde formula from the G/G model; derivation of the shift k to k+h in the G/G model via the index of the twisted Dolbeault complex.

Matthias Blau; George Thompson

1993-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

292

About The Associate for Iron and Steel Technology - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

ABOUT THE ASSOCIATION FOR IRON & STEEL TECHNOLOGY ... that provides opportunities for networking among iron and steel industry professionals and ...

293

Mine-to-Mill Optimization of Aggregate Production  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mine-to-Mill optimization is a total systems approach to the reduction of energy and cost in mining and mineral processing operations. Developed at the Julius Krutschnitt Mineral Research Centre (JKMRC) in Queensland, Australia, the Mine-to-Mill approach attempts to minimize energy consumption through the optimization of all steps in the size reduction process. The approach involves sampling and modeling of blasting and processing, followed by computer simulation to optimize the operation and develop alternatives. The most promising alternatives are implemented, and sampling is conducted to quantify energy savings. In the current project, the primary objective is to adapt the JKMRC Mine-to-Mill technology to the aggregates industry. The second phase of this project is being carried out at the Pittsboro Quarry located south of Chapel Hill, North Carolina. This quarry is owned by 3M Corporation and operated by Luck Stone. Based on lessons learned from the first phase work, long-term monitoring ({approx} three months) of all quarry operations is being carried out to minimize the impact of geological changes during the mining process. To date, the blasting and processing operations have been audited and modeled, the long-term monitoring of current Luck Stone practice has been completed, and a modified blasting approach has been implemented based on the results of simulations using JKSimBlast and JKSimPlant. The modified blasting approach is expected to increase the primary throughput by 15% and the secondary throughput by approximately 6%, with an overall specific energy reduction of around 1%. Long-term monitoring is currently underway to evaluate the impact the modified blasting approach. This report summarizes the current status of work at the Pittsboro Quarry.

Greg Adel; Toni Kojovic; Darren Thornton

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Project. 1995 Environmental Report  

SciTech Connect

In accordance with U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Order 23 1. 1, Environment, Safety and Health Reporting, the DOE prepares an annual report to document the activities of the Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project environmental monitoring program. This monitoring must comply with appropriate laws, regulations, and standards, and it must identify apparent and meaningful trends in monitoring results. The results of all monitoring activities must be communicated to the public. The UMTRA Project has prepared annual environmental reports to the public since 1989.

NONE

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Stabilizing perturbative Yang-Mills thermodynamics with Gribov quantization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We evaluate the thermodynamic quantities of Yang-Mills theory using the Gribov quantization, which deals with nonperturbative resummation. The magnetic scale is automatically incorporated into the framework and we find it efficient to stabilize the perturbative expansion of the free energy. In the temperature range $T=T_c \\sim 2\\,T_c$ the major uncertainty in our results comes from the nonperturbative running coupling that is adopted from the lattice simulation, while the convergence above $2\\,T_c$ is impressively robust. We also present the corresponding interaction measure (i.e., trace anomaly) up to close to $T_c$.

Kenji Fukushima; Nan Su

2013-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

296

Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Project environmental protection implementation plan  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project Environmental Protection Implementation Plan (EPIP) has been prepared in accordance with the requirements of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Order 5400.1. The UMTRA EPIP is updated annually. This version covers the time period of 9 November 1994, through 8 November 1995. Its purpose is to provide management direction to ensure that the UMTRA Project is operated and managed in a manner that will protect, maintain, and where necessary, restore environmental quality, minimize potential threats to public health and the environment, and comply with environmental regulations and DOE policies.

Not Available

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Steam Generator Tube Integrity Program [Corrosion and Mechanics of  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Steam Generator Tube Steam Generator Tube Integrity Program Capabilities Materials Testing Environmentally Assisted Cracking (EAC) of Reactor Materials Corrosion Performance/Metal Dusting Overview Light Water Reactors Fatigue Testing of Carbon Steels and Low-Alloy Steels Environmentally Assisted Cracking of Ni-Base Alloys Irradiation-Induced Stress Corrosion Cracking of Austenitic Stainless Steels Steam Generator Tube Integrity Program Air Oxidation Kinetics for Zr-based Alloys Fossil Energy Fusion Energy Metal Dusting Publications List Irradiated Materials Steam Generator Tube Integrity Other Facilities Work with Argonne Contact us For Employees Site Map Help Join us on Facebook Follow us on Twitter NE on Flickr Corrosion and Mechanics of Materials Light Water Reactors Bookmark and Share

298

Tool fabrication system for micro/nano milling—function analysis and design of a six-axis Wire EDM machine  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

system for micro/nano milling—function analysis and designcan only be fabricated by milling operations instead ofprocesses with ultra-hard milling tools made of PCD or CBN.

Cheng, X.; Wang, Z. G.; Kobayashi, S.; Nakamoto, K.; Yamazaki, K.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Energy efficiency improvement and cost saving opportunities for the Corn Wet Milling Industry: An ENERGY STAR Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1991). Energy from a Flour Mill Waste Water. Case study CA-Variable Speed Drives on a Flour Mill Extract Fan. AvailableCOD/m 3 /day. Ogilvie flour mills use an anaerobic treatment

Galitsky, Christina; Worrell, Ernst; Ruth, Michael

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Insolation integrator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electric signal representative of the rate of insolation is integrated to determine if it is adequate for operation of a solar energy collection system.

Dougherty, John J. (Norristown, PA); Rudge, George T. (Lansdale, PA)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "integrated steel mills" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Steel Winds | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Steel Winds Steel Winds Facility Steel Winds Wind Farm Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner UPC Wind/BQ Energy Developer UPC Wind/BQ Energy Location Near Lackawanna NY Coordinates 42.81724°, -78.867542° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.81724,"lon":-78.867542,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

302

ESF GROUND SUPPORT - STRUCTURAL STEEL ANALYSIS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose and objective of this analysis are to expand the level of detail and confirm member sizes for steel sets included in the Ground Support Design Analysis, Reference 5.20. This analysis also provides bounding values and details and defines critical design attributes for alternative configurations of the steel set. One possible configuration for the steel set is presented. This analysis covers the steel set design for the Exploratory Studies Facility (ESF) entire Main Loop 25-foot diameter tunnel.

T. Misiak

1996-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

303

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY WEIRTON STEEL CORPORATION FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

WEIRTON STEEL CORPORATION FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER WEIRTON STEEL CORPORATION FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC PATENT RIGHTS FOR SUBCONTRACTOR INVENTIONS DEVELOPED UNDER DOE CONTRACT NO. DE-FCO7-92ID13162, RELATING TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF AN INTEGRATED SCHEDULING AND LOGISTICS SYSTEM FOR THE DOMESTIC METALS INDUSTRY; W(A)93-037, CH-0791. DOE, acting through its Office of Industrial Processes under the Assistant Secretary for Conservation and Renewable Energy, has entered into a cost shared contract with Weirton Steel Corporation (WSC) for the development of an integrated scheduling and logistics system (IMIS), capable of enhancing the competitiveness of the domestic metals industries. The system work includes research and development, application design, and corporate process redevelopment of a

304

Field Guide: Visual Inspection of Steel Structures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This EPRI report, one in a series of practical guides designed as reference aids for utility personnel working in the field, visually catalogs the various condition issues that commonly affect transmission line steel structures. The scope includes steel poles, lattice structures, connections, foundations, weathering steel, and coatings.ObjectiveStructural conditions commonly encountered by utility personnel in the field ...

2012-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

305

Biorefinery Concept Development Based on Wheat Flour Milling  

SciTech Connect

We are developing an innovative process for the recovery of a starch-rich product from millfeed (the low-value byproduct of wheat flour milling); enzymatic processing of the starch to glucose; and the subsequent processes for conversion of that glucose into a value-added product by either a catalytic or a fermentation process. We have completed the development of the starch recovery step with enzymatic processing and the assessment of its economic viability. The processes to use the glucose product as feedstock for catalytic processing and fermentation processing have been tested in the laboratory. Catalytic processing of the glucose from the extracted starch for polyol production is based on catalytic hydrogenation to sorbitol. Alternatively, fermentation of the extracted starch-derived glucose also provides a pathway to value-added chemical products via a platform chemical, lactic acid. The paper includes results from all the processing areas addressed. Starch extraction and glucose generation from wheat milling byproducts are presented with laboratory and scaled-up processing results. Results of fermentation of the glucose product to lactic acid in shaker flask tests are presented, documenting the minimal requirements for nutrient addition. Stirred batch reactor tests of catalytic hydrogenation of the glucose product to sorbitol are presented with a discussion of contaminant effects on the catalyst.

Elliott, Douglas C.; Orth, Rick J.; Werpy, Todd A.; Gao, Johnway; Eakin, David E.; Schmidt, Andrew J.; Neuenschwander, Gary G.; Murry, J; Flagg, Anthony; Lahman, L; Mennel, D; Lin, C J.; Landucci, Ron; Crockett, John; Peterson, Charles L.

2002-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

306

Opportunities for Utility-Owned CHP at Dry-Mill Fuel Ethanol Plants  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report quantifies opportunities to co-locate natural-gas-fueled combined heat and power (CHP) facilities with corn dry-mill fuel ethanol plants in the upper Midwest. It also evaluates the opportunity to generate renewable power by fueling the CHP plants with biogas produced by anaerobic digestion of the byproducts of the corn wet-milling process.

2008-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

307

Color Removal from Pulp Mill Effluent Using Coal Ash Produced from Georgia Coal Combustion Power Plants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Color Removal from Pulp Mill Effluent Using Coal Ash Produced from Georgia Coal Combustion Power color from pulp mill effluent using coal ash. Prevent coal ash adsorbent from leaching arsenic, chromium, lead, and zinc. Define a treatment procedure using coal ash that will result in the maximum

Hutcheon, James M.

308

Results of a Coal Pile and Mill Rejects Investigation at a Power Generating Station  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Besides coal piles, coal-fired power plants may have various by-products, such as mill rejects, fly ash, and bottom ash that must be managed on plant property. This report presents the results of data analyses and groundwater modeling to evaluate potential management options for coal piles and mill rejects at one such site.

1997-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

309

Application of Particle Swarm Optimization technique for achieving desired milled surface roughness in minimum machining time  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Face milling is a widely used machining operation to produce various components. The finished component depends not only on the dimensional accuracy but also on the surface finish. The present method of selection of machining parameters by trial and ... Keywords: Face milling, Machining parameters, Machining time, Particle Swarm Optimization, Surface roughness

S. Bharathi Raja; N. Baskar

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Modeling and adaptive force control of milling by using artificial techniques  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The contribution discusses the use of combining the methods of neural networks, fuzzy logic and PSO evolutionary strategy in modeling and adaptively controlling the process of ball-end milling. On the basis of the hybrid process modeling, off-line optimization ... Keywords: Adaptive force control, End-milling, Hybrid modeling, Neural networks

U. Zuperl; F. Cus; M. Reibenschuh

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Taguchi Method-GONNS integration: Complete procedure covering from experimental design to complex optimization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Determination of the optimal operating conditions from the experimental data without fitting any analytical or empirical models is very convenient for manufacturing applications. In this paper, integration of Taguchi Method and Genetically Optimized ... Keywords: Cutting forces and surface roughness, GONNS, Genetic algorithm, Neural network, Surface milling, Taguchi technique, Titanium alloy

I. N. Tansel; S. Gülmez; M. Demetgul; ?. Aykut

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Assessment of Gasification-Based Biorefining at Kraft Pulp and Paper Mills in the United States, Part A: Background and Assumptions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Commercialization of black liquor and biomass gasification technologies is anticipated in the 2010-2015 time frame, and synthesis gas from gasifiers can be converted into liquid fuels using catalytic synthesis technologies that are already commercially established in the gas-to-liquids or coal-to-liquids industries. This set of two papers describes key results from a major assessment of the prospective energy, environmental, and financial performance of commercial gasification-based biorefineries integrated with kraft pulp and paper mills [1]. Seven detailed biorefinery designs were developed for a reference mill in the southeastern United States, together with the associated mass/energy balances, air emissions estimates, and capital investment requirements. The biorefineries provide chemical recovery services and co-produce process steam for the mill, some electricity, and one of three liquid fuels: a Fischer-Tropsch synthetic crude oil (which could be refined to vehicle fuels at an existing petroleum refinery), dimethyl ether (a diesel engine fuel or propane substitute), or an ethanol-rich mixed-alcohol product. This paper describes the key assumptions that underlie the biorefinery designs. Part B will present analytical results.

Larson, E. D.; Consonni, S.; Katofsky, R. E.; Iisa, K.; Frederick, W. J., Jr.

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Direct mechanical energy measures of hammer mill comminution of switchgrass, wheat straw, and corn stover and analysis of their particle size distributions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Biomass particle size impacts handling, storage, conversion, and dust control systems. Size reduction mechanical energy was directly measured for switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.), wheat straw (Triticum aestivum L.), and corn stover (Zea mays L.) in an instrumented hammer mill. Direct energy inputs were determined for hammer mill operating speeds from 2000 to 3600 rpm for 3.2 mm integral classifying screen and mass input rate of 2.5 kg/min with 90 - and 30 -hammers. Overall accuracy of specific energy measurement was calculated as 0.072 MJ/Mg. Particle size distributions created by hammer mill were determined for mill operating factors using ISO sieve sizes from 4.75 to 0.02 mm in conjunction with Ro-Tap sieve analyzer. A wide range of analytical descriptors were examined to mathematically represent the range of particle sizes in the distributions. Total specific energy (MJ/Mg) was defined as size reduction energy to operate the hammer mill plus that imparted to biomass. Effective specific energy was defined as energy imparted to biomass. Total specific energy for switchgrass, wheat straw, and corn stover grinding increased by 37, 30, and 45% from 114.4, 125.1, and 103.7 MJ/Mg, respectively, with an increase in hammer mill speed from 2000 to 3600 rpm for 90 -hammers. Corresponding total specific energy per unit size reduction was 14.9, 19.7, and 13.5 MJ/Mg mm, respectively. Effective specific energy of 90 -hammers decreased marginally for switchgrass and considerably for wheat straw and it increased for corn stover with an increase in speed from 2000 to 3600 rpm. However, effective specific energy increased with speed to a certain extent and then decreased for 30 -hammers. Rosin Rammler equation fitted the size distribution data with R2 > 0.995. Mass relative span was greater than 1, which indicated a wide distribution of particle sizes. Hammer milling of switchgrass, wheat straw, and corn stover with 3.2 mm screen resulted in well-graded fine-skewed mesokurtic particles. Uniformity coefficient was corn stover, which indicated a moderate assortment of particles. Size-related parameters, namely, geometric mean diameter, Rosin Rammler size parameter, median diameter, and effective size had strong correlation among themselves and good negative correlation with speed. Distribution-related parameters, namely, Rosin Rammler distribution parameter, mass relative span, inclusive graphic skewness, graphic kurtosis, uniformity index, uniformity coefficient, coefficient of gradation and distribution geometric standard deviation had strong correlation among themselves and a weak correlation with mill speed. Results of this extensive analysis of specific energy and particle sizes can be applied to selection of hammer mill operating factors to produce a particular size of switchgrass, wheat straw, and corn stover grind, and will serve as a guide for relations among the energy and various analytic descriptors of biomass particle distributions.

Bitra, V.S.P [University of Tennessee; Womac, A.R. [University of Tennessee; Chevanan, Nehru [University of Tennessee; Miu, P.I. [University of Tennessee; Smith, D.R. [University of Tennessee; Igathinathane, C. [Mississippi State University (MSU); Sokhansanj, Shahabaddine [ORNL

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Moab Mill Tailings Pile 25 Percent Disposed: DOE Moab Project Reaches  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Mill Tailings Pile 25 Percent Disposed: DOE Moab Project Mill Tailings Pile 25 Percent Disposed: DOE Moab Project Reaches Significant Milestone Moab Mill Tailings Pile 25 Percent Disposed: DOE Moab Project Reaches Significant Milestone June 3, 2011 - 12:00pm Addthis Media Contacts Donald Metzler Moab Federal Project Director (970) 257-2115 Wendee Ryan S&K Aerospace Public Affairs Manager (970) 257-2145 Grand Junction, CO - One quarter of the uranium mill tailings pile located in Moab, Utah, has been relocated to the Crescent Junction, Utah, site for permanent disposal. Four million tons of the 16 million tons total has been relocated under the Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Project managed by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). A little over 2 years ago, Remedial Action Contractor EnergySolutions began

315

Process for Transition of Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act Title  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act Title II Disposal Sites to the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Legacy Management for Long-Term Surveillance and Maintenance Process for Transition of Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act Title II Disposal Sites to the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Legacy Management for Long-Term Surveillance and Maintenance Process for Transition of Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act Title II Disposal Sites to the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Legacy Management for Long-Term Surveillance and Maintenance (March 2012) Process for Transition of Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act Title II Disposal Sites to the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Legacy Management for Long-Term Surveillance and Maintenance (March 2012)

316

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Slick Rock Mill Site - CO 08  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Slick Rock Mill Site - CO 08 Slick Rock Mill Site - CO 08 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: Slick Rock Mill Site (CO.08) Designated Name: Alternate Name: Location: Evaluation Year: Site Operations: Site Disposition: Radioactive Materials Handled: Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Radiological Survey(s): Site Status: Also see Slick Rock, Colorado, Processing Site Documents Related to Slick Rock Mill Site 2012 Annual Site Inspection and Monitoring Report for Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act Title I Disposal Sites-Slick Rock, Colorado, Disposal Site. LMS/S09461. February 2013 Verification Monitoring Report for the Slick Rock, Colorado, Processing Sites, 2007 Update June 2008 Office of Legacy Management DOE M/1577 2008 - -L Work Performed Under DOE Contract No. for the U.S.

317

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Green River Mill Site - UT 0-01  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Green River Mill Site - UT 0-01 Green River Mill Site - UT 0-01 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: Green River Mill Site (UT.0-01 ) Designated Name: Alternate Name: Location: Evaluation Year: Site Operations: Site Disposition: Radioactive Materials Handled: Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Radiological Survey(s): Site Status: Also see Green River, Utah, Disposal Site Documents Related to Green River Mill Site Data Validation Package for the June 2009 Groundwater and Surface Water Sampling at the Green River, Utah, Disposal Site; LMS/GRN/S0609; October 2009 2012 Annual Site Inspection and Monitoring Report for Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act Title I Disposal Sites-Green River, Utah, Disposal Site. LMS/S09461. February 2013 Historic Fact Sheet: Green River Disposal Site Uranium ore was

318

DOE to Transport Moab Mill Tailings by Rail | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

to Transport Moab Mill Tailings by Rail to Transport Moab Mill Tailings by Rail DOE to Transport Moab Mill Tailings by Rail August 5, 2008 - 2:40pm Addthis Department Approves Project Baseline and Obtains Nuclear Regulatory Commission Nod WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today reaffirmed its prior decision to relocate mill tailings predominantly by rail from the former uranium-ore processing site near Moab, Utah, 30 miles north to Crescent Junction, Utah. As determined previously, oversized material that is not practical to be sized to fit into the containers will be transported by truck. "After evaluating the alternatives for safely transporting the mill tailings from Moab and considering input received from citizens in the Moab community and surrounding areas, DOE has decided to ship the tailings using

319

EIS-0355: Remediation of the Moab Uranium Mill Tailings, Grand and San Juan  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

355: Remediation of the Moab Uranium Mill Tailings, Grand and 355: Remediation of the Moab Uranium Mill Tailings, Grand and San Juan Counties, Utah EIS-0355: Remediation of the Moab Uranium Mill Tailings, Grand and San Juan Counties, Utah Summary The Remediation of the Moab Uranium Mill Tailings, Grand and San Juan Counties, Utah, Environmental Impact Statement and associated supplements and amendments provides information on the environmental impacts of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) proposal to (1) remediate approximately 11.9 million tons of contaminated materials located on the Moab site and approximately 39,700 tons located on nearby vicinity properties and (2) develop and implement a ground water compliance strategy for the Moab site using the framework of the Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement for the Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Ground Water

320

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Riverton Mill Site - WY 0-04  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Mill Site - WY 0-04 Mill Site - WY 0-04 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: Riverton Mill Site (WY.0-04 ) Designated Name: Alternate Name: Location: Evaluation Year: Site Operations: Site Disposition: Radioactive Materials Handled: Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Radiological Survey(s): Site Status: Also see Riverton, Wyoming, Processing Site Documents Related to Riverton Mill Site Data Validation Package for the November 2008 Groundwater and Surface Water Sampling at the Riverton, Wyoming, Processing Site. February 2009 U. S. Department of Energy (DOE) Status and Planned Actions at the Riverton, Wyoming, Uranium Mill Tailing Radiation Control Act (UMTRCA) Title I Site April Gil, PhD Environment Team Lead Office of Legacy Management (LM) May 2, 20122 Status and Action Summary 􀂄 Surface

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321

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Gunnison Mill Site - CO 0-06  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Gunnison Mill Site - CO 0-06 Gunnison Mill Site - CO 0-06 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: Gunnison Mill Site (CO.0-06 ) Designated Name: Alternate Name: Location: Evaluation Year: Site Operations: Site Disposition: Radioactive Materials Handled: Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Radiological Survey(s): Site Status: Also see Gunnison, Colorado, Processing Site Documents Related to Gunnison Mill Site Verification Montioring Report for the Gunnison, Colorado, Processing Site, September 2007. 2011 Annual Site Inspection and Monitoring Report for Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act Title I Disposal Sites-Gunnison, Colorado, Disposal Site. LMS/S08056. January 2012 U.S. Department of Energy 2009 UMTRCA Title I Annual Report January 2010 Gunnison, Colorado Page 8-1 8.0 Gunnison, Colorado, Disposal Site

322

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Rifle Mill Site - CO 0-11  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Rifle Mill Site - CO 0-11 Rifle Mill Site - CO 0-11 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: Rifle Mill Site (CO.0-11 ) Designated Name: Alternate Name: Location: Evaluation Year: Site Operations: Site Disposition: Radioactive Materials Handled: Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Radiological Survey(s): Site Status: Also see Rifle, Colorado, New Processing Site Rifle, Colorado, Old Processing Site Documents Related to Rifle Mill Site 2009 Verification Monitoring Report for the Old and New Rifle, Colorado, Processing Sites; LMS/RFO/RFN/S05775; September 2009. This report evaluates and interprets groundwater monitoring data collected at the Old and New Rifle Sites and assesses the progress of meeting the compliance strategy for groundwater cleanup. 2012 Annual Site Inspection and Monitoring Report for Uranium Mill

323

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Naturita Mill Site - CO 0-08  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Naturita Mill Site - CO 0-08 Naturita Mill Site - CO 0-08 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: Naturita Mill Site (CO.0-08) Designated Name: Alternate Name: Location: Evaluation Year: Site Operations: Site Disposition: Radioactive Materials Handled: Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Radiological Survey(s): Site Status: Also see Naturita, Colorado, Processing Site Documents Related to Naturita Mill Site Data Validation Package for the July and October 2008 Water Sampling at the Naturita Processing and Disposal Sites Data Validation Report for the July 2009 Groundwater and Surface Water Sampling at the Naturita, Colorado, Processing Site; LMS/NAP/S00709; October 2009 2012 Annual Site Inspection and Monitoring Report for Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act Title I Disposal Sites-Naturita, Colorado,

324

Effect of Milling Parameters on the Dehydrogenation Properties of the Mg-Ti-H system  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Magnesium-based alloys are promising candidates as potential hydrogen storage materials due to their inherent high hydrogen contents. Small particle size which can be achieved by milling, and small amounts of transition-metal compounds as catalysts result in increased hydrogen release/uptake kinetics. In this work, we examined the effects of various milling parameters and TiH2 content on the dehydrogenation properties of the Mg-Ti-H system. The samples were prepared with different amounts of TiH2 using various milling methods and conditions. The activation energy and the enthalpy change of dehydrogenation of the milled samples were determined by Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA) and Differential Thermal Analyzer (DTA). The results indicated that the activation energy and enthalpy change of MgH2 dehydrogenation were significantly reduced when 9.1 mol % of TiH2 was added to it and the mixture was milled in a dual planet

Choi, Young Joon; Lu, Jun; Sohn, Hong Yong; Fang, Zhigang Zak; Ronnebro, Ewa

2009-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

325

Classical properties of the non-abelian Yang-Mills theories  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present some classical properties of the non-abelian Yang-Mills theories that we obtain directly from the Maxwell’s equations of the SU(3) Yang-Mills theory. To do it we first examine under which conditions the equations of motion for the SU(3) Yang-Mills theory have the same form as those of the classical electrodynamics. Next we write the equations of motion for the SU(3) Yang-Mills theory using the language of the Maxwell’s equations. We show that electric and magnetic non-abelian fields, whose origin is not fermionic, are present in the non-abelian Yang-Mills theories. The non-abelian gauge fields can be assumed as the sources of these electric and magnetic fields. Finally we show how the non-abelian gauge fields are also the responsible for the existence of magnetic monopoles in this kind of theories.

J. A. Sánchez-monroy; C. Quimbay

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

DOE to Transport Moab Mill Tailings by Rail | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Transport Moab Mill Tailings by Rail Transport Moab Mill Tailings by Rail DOE to Transport Moab Mill Tailings by Rail August 5, 2008 - 2:40pm Addthis Department Approves Project Baseline and Obtains Nuclear Regulatory Commission Nod WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today reaffirmed its prior decision to relocate mill tailings predominantly by rail from the former uranium-ore processing site near Moab, Utah, 30 miles north to Crescent Junction, Utah. As determined previously, oversized material that is not practical to be sized to fit into the containers will be transported by truck. "After evaluating the alternatives for safely transporting the mill tailings from Moab and considering input received from citizens in the Moab community and surrounding areas, DOE has decided to ship the tailings using

327

Monitoring the Performance of an Alternative Landfill Cover at the Monticello, Utah, Uranium Mill Tailings Disposal Site  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Monitoring the Performance of an Alternative Landfill Cover at the Monticello, Utah, Uranium Mill Tailings Disposal Site

328

Thermal Green's functions of the energy-momentum tensor and transport coefficients of the SU(3) Yang-Mills gas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thermal Green's functions of the energy-momentum tensor and transport coefficients of the SU(3) Yang-Mills gas

Karsch, Frithjof

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Final environmental statement related to the United Nuclear Corporation, Morton Ranch, Wyoming Uranium Mill (Converse County, Wyoming)  

SciTech Connect

Impacts from Morton Ranch Uranium Mill will result in: alterations of up to 270 acres occupied by the mill facilities; increase in the existing background radiation levels; socioeconomic effects on Glenrock and Douglas, Wyoming. Solid waste material (tailings solids) from the mill will be deposited onsite in exhausted surface mine pits. Any license issued for the Morton Ranch mill will be subject to conditions for the protection of the environment.

1979-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Systematic evaluation of satellite remote sensing for identifying uranium mines and mills.  

SciTech Connect

In this report, we systematically evaluate the ability of current-generation, satellite-based spectroscopic sensors to distinguish uranium mines and mills from other mineral mining and milling operations. We perform this systematic evaluation by (1) outlining the remote, spectroscopic signal generation process, (2) documenting the capabilities of current commercial satellite systems, (3) systematically comparing the uranium mining and milling process to other mineral mining and milling operations, and (4) identifying the most promising observables associated with uranium mining and milling that can be identified using satellite remote sensing. The Ranger uranium mine and mill in Australia serves as a case study where we apply and test the techniques developed in this systematic analysis. Based on literature research of mineral mining and milling practices, we develop a decision tree which utilizes the information contained in one or more observables to determine whether uranium is possibly being mined and/or milled at a given site. Promising observables associated with uranium mining and milling at the Ranger site included in the decision tree are uranium ore, sulfur, the uranium pregnant leach liquor, ammonia, and uranyl compounds and sulfate ion disposed of in the tailings pond. Based on the size, concentration, and spectral characteristics of these promising observables, we then determine whether these observables can be identified using current commercial satellite systems, namely Hyperion, ASTER, and Quickbird. We conclude that the only promising observables at Ranger that can be uniquely identified using a current commercial satellite system (notably Hyperion) are magnesium chlorite in the open pit mine and the sulfur stockpile. Based on the identified magnesium chlorite and sulfur observables, the decision tree narrows the possible mineral candidates at Ranger to uranium, copper, zinc, manganese, vanadium, the rare earths, and phosphorus, all of which are milled using sulfuric acid leaching.

Blair, Dianna Sue; Stork, Christopher Lyle; Smartt, Heidi Anne; Smith, Jody Lynn

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Performance of steel-polymer and ceramic-polymer layered composites and concrete under high strain rate loadings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Results. SP: steel plate, PU: polyurea, KE: Kineticsample configurations: (a) SP-PU-SP (steel - polyurea -steel) (b) SP-PU-SP-PU (steel - polyurea - steel -

Samiee, Ahsan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Chern-Simons Theory on S^1-Bundles: Abelianisation and q-deformed Yang-Mills Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study Chern-Simons theory on 3-manifolds $M$ that are circle-bundles over 2-dimensional surfaces $\\Sigma$ and show that the method of Abelianisation, previously employed for trivial bundles $\\Sigma \\times S^1$, can be adapted to this case. This reduces the non-Abelian theory on $M$ to a 2-dimensional Abelian theory on $\\Sigma$ which we identify with q-deformed Yang-Mills theory, as anticipated by Vafa et al. We compare and contrast our results with those obtained by Beasley and Witten using the method of non-Abelian localisation, and determine the surgery and framing presecription implicit in this path integral evaluation. We also comment on the extension of these methods to BF theory and other generalisations.

Matthias Blau; George Thompson

2006-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

333

CF8C-Plus Steels  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CF8C-Plus Steels Home CF8C-Plus Steels Home Contacts Goal Related Links AFA Steels Caterpillar MSTD Corrosion Science & Technology Group Oak Ridge National Laboratory ORNL Fossil Energy Program ORNL Industrial Technologies Program U.S. Department of Energy Office of Fossil Energy Advanced Research Materials Program Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Industrial Technologies Program Distributed Energy Program Comments CF8C-Plus cast austenitic steels Phil Maziasz with CF8C-Plus cast austenitic stainless steel Burner housing made of CF8C-Plus steel and designed for the pyrolytic breakdown of carbon particulates trapped in ceramic particulate filters downstream of the burner in a Caterpillar Regeneration System. CF8C-Plus cast austenitic steels are low-cost, high-performance

334

SYNTHESIS OF METAL HYDRIDES BY MECHANICAL ALLOYING IN AN ATTRITOR MILL: FY07 STATUS REPORT  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The objective of this task was to demonstrate that metal hydrides could be produced by mechanical alloying in the quantities needed to support the tritium production facilities at the Savannah River Site. The objective for the FY07 portion of this task was to demonstrate the production of Zr-Fe getter materials by mechanical alloying and begin to optimize the milling parameters. Three starting compositions (ratios of elemental Zr and Fe powders) were selected and attritor milled under argon for times of 8 to 60 hours. Hexane and liquid nitrogen were used as process control agents. In general, milling times of at least 24 hours were required to form the desired Zr{sub 2}Fe and Zr{sub 3}Fe phases, although a considerable amount of unalloyed Zr and Fe remained. Milling in liquid nitrogen does not appear to provide any advantages over milling in hexane, particularly due to the formation of ZrN after longer milling times. Carbides of Zr formed during some of the milling experiments in hexane. Formation of carbides during milling appears to be much less of an issue than formation of nitrides, although some of the phases that were not able to be identified in the XRD results may also be carbides. Additional XRD experiments should be designed to improve signal to noise ratio (i.e., longer count times) and use a wider scan range to better identify phases that were not clear in the original data. Elemental Zr was present in the as-milled material but not detected after annealing for milling times of 48 and 60 hours. It may be that after intimate mixing of the powders in the attritor mill the annealing temperature was sufficient to allow for the formation of a Zr-Fe alloy. The phase diagram for the binary Zr-Fe system agrees with this proposition. If this is the case, then the annealing conditions should also be investigated and optimized to form as much of the Zr-Fe alloy as possible in the milled powder. Also, this finding would mean that milling times of more than 48 hours are not necessary. Further investigation of this conversion is necessary, and could provide an opportunity for reducing the amount of unreacted metal powder after milling. Elemental Fe remained in all of the powders after annealing for all of the milling times tested. This may indicate that the ratio of Zr to Fe needs to be increased in order to improve the yield of the desired Zr-Fe alloys. Particle size analysis data are presented to aid in the selection of filters for future hydrogen sorption testing. Based on the XRD results, four samples were suggested for further XRD analysis and hydrogen sorption testing: (1) Zr{sub 2}Fe, 24 hr milling, annealed; (2) Zr{sub 2}Fe, 24 hr milling in LN{sub 2}, annealed; (3) Zr{sub 3}Fe, 24 hr milling, annealed; and (4) Zr{sub 3}Fe, 48 hr milling, annealed. These four samples showed the largest volume (based on relative peak intensities) of the desired Zr{sub 2}Fe and Zr{sub 3}Fe alloys.

Fox, K

2007-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

335

Lake Mills Light & Water | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Water Water Jump to: navigation, search Name Lake Mills Light & Water Place Wisconsin Utility Id 10605 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location MRO NERC MRO Yes ISO MISO Yes Activity Distribution Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle2 Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Cp-1 Small Power Service between 50kW and 200kW Demand Primary Metering and Transformer Ownership Discount with Parallel Generation(20kW or less) Industrial Cp-1 Small Power Service between 50kW and 200kW Demand Primary Metering and Transformer Ownership Discount Industrial

336

Monticello Mill Tailings Site Operable Unit Ill Interim Remedial Action  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Site Site Operable Unit Ill Interim Remedial Action Mark Perfxmed Under DOE Contrici No. DE-AC13-96CJ873.35 for th3 U.S. De[:ar!menf of Energy app~oveJioi'ptiL#ic re1ease;dCinWlionis Unlimilra' This page intentionally left blank Monticello Mill Tailings Site Operable Unit I11 Interim Remedial Action Annual Status Report August 1999 Prepared for U.S. Department of Energy Albuquerque Operations Office Grand Junction Office Project Number MSG-035-0011-00-000 Document Number Q0017700 Work Performed Under DOE Contract Number DE-AC13-96GJ87335 Task Order Number MAC99-03 This page intentionally blank Document Number Q0017700 Acronyms Contents Page ACRONYMS .............................................................................................................................. V

337

Monticello Mill Tailings Site Operable Unit III Ecological Risk  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Monticello Monticello Mill Tailings Site Operable Unit III Ecological Risk Assessment September 1998 Prepared by U.S. Department of Energy Grand JunctionOffice Grand Junction, Colorado Project Number MSG-035-0004-00-000 Document Number Q0002l 00 Work Performed Under DOE Contract Number DE-AC13-96GJ87335 Task Order Number MAC98-03 This page intentionally blank , ** 1 ( ( Document Number Q00021 00 Contents Contents Page Acronyms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. ix Executive Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. xi 1.0 Introduction I-I 2.0 Problem Formulation : 2-1 2.1 Site Description 2-1 2.1.1 Physical Setting 2-1 2.1.2 Ecological Setting '.' 2-5 2.2 Ecological Contaminants of Concern 2-9 2.3 Contaminant Fate and Transport, Ecosystems Potentially at Risk, and Complete Exposure Pathways 2-11 i3.1

338

Mine-to-Mill Optimization of Aggregate Production  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mine-to-Mill optimization is a total systems approach to the reduction of energy and cost in mining and processing. Developed at the Julius Krutschnitt Mineral Research Center in Queensland, Australia, the Mine-to-Mill approach attempts to minimize energy consumption through optimization of all steps in the size reduction process. The approach involves sampling and modeling of blasting and processing, followed by computer simulation to optimize the operation and develop alternatives. The most promising alternatives are implemented, and sampling is conducted to quantify benefits. In the current project, the primary objective was to adapt Mine-to-Mill technology to the aggregates industry. The first phase of this work was carried out at the Bealeton Quarry near Fredericksburg, Virginia. The second phase was carried out at the Pittsboro Quarry south of Chapel Hill, North Carolina. Both quarries are operated by Luck Stone Corporation of Richmond, Virginia. As a result of the work, several conclusions can be drawn from the project which should assist DOE in assessing the applicability of the Mine-to-Mill approach to the aggregates industry. 1. Implementation of MTM guidelines at Pittsboro has resulted in tangible improvements in productivity. It is clear that MTM guidelines represent an energy savings of around 5% (primary and secondary) and an overall energy savings of 1%. This 1-5% energy savings is also consistent with simulated results for Bealeton had side-by-side shots used to evaluate the technology been carried out in the same rockmass. 2. Luck Stone clearly runs their operations at a high standard. Hence the percentage improvement realized in this project may represent the lower end of what might be expected overall in the aggregates industry. 3. Variability in ore types across both Bealeton and Pittsboro suggests a 2:1 difference in hardness which contradicts the misconception that quarry rock is homogenous. Therefore, the idea of comparing side-by-side blasts is not viable and long term comparisons stand the best chance of confirming the benefits of optimized blasting. 4. There are clear limitations on how much improvement can be made in the aggregate industry due to the fixed feed size that reports to the tertiary section of a typical aggregate plant. These limitations restrict the MTM approach from exercising significant increases in blasting which would only serve to increase fines and reduce product yield. 5. The key to success at Pittsboro was the development of MTM guidelines for the modified blasting practice in consultation with the drill & blast crew. Their full buy-in was necessary to implement optimized blasting in a sustained manner. 6. The JKSimBlast and JKSimMet models have proven to be effective tools for examining blasting and processing at Bealeton and Pittsboro. These models should enable Luck Stone to transfer the MTM approach to other sites.

Greg Adel; Toni Kojovic; Darren Thornton

2006-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

339

Chiral symmetry and the Yang--Mills gradient flow  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the last few years, the Yang--Mills gradient flow was shown to be an attractive tool for non-perturbative studies of non-Abelian gauge theories. Here a simple extension of the flow to the quark fields in QCD is considered. As in the case of the pure-gauge gradient flow, the renormalizability of correlation functions involving local fields at positive flow times can be established using a representation through a local field theory in 4+1 dimensions. Applications of the extended flow in lattice QCD include non-perturbative renormalization and O(a) improvement as well as accurate calculations of the chiral condensate and of the pseudo-scalar decay constant in the chiral limit.

Martin Lüscher

2013-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

340

Guidelines for cleanup of uranium tailings from inactive mills  

SciTech Connect

Recent experiences in Grand Junction, Colorado, have indicated the significance of uranium tailings as sources of nonoccupational exposure and suggest that current methods for perpetual care and isolation of the large areas covered by tailings piles at inactive mill locations may be inadequate for minimizing human exposure. This paper presents the rationale and the procedures used in reviewing the adequacy of proposed criteria for remedial action at these sites. Exposures due to aquatic, terrestrial, airborne, and direct contamination pathways were compared to determine the most important radionuclides in the pile and their pathways to man. It is shown that the most hazardous components of the tailings are $sup 226$Ra and $sup 230$Th. The long half-lives of these radionuclides require the consideration of continuous occupancy of the vacated site at some future time, even if the immediately projected land use does not anticipate maximum exposure. (auth)

Goldsmith, W.A.; Haywood, F.F.; Jacobs, D.G.

1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "integrated steel mills" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Project 1993 Environmental Report  

SciTech Connect

This annual report documents the Uranium Mill Tailing Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project environmental monitoring and protection program. The UMTRA Project routinely monitors radiation, radioactive residual materials, and hazardous constituents at associated former uranium tailings processing sites and disposal sites. At the end of 1993, surface remedial action was complete at 10 of the 24 designated UMTRA Project processing sites. In 1993 the UMTRA Project office revised the UMTRA Project Environmental Protection Implementation Plan, as required by the US DOE. Because the UMTRA Project sites are in different stages of remedial action, the breadth of the UMTRA environmental protection program differs from site to site. In general, sites actively undergoing surface remedial action have the most comprehensive environmental programs for sampling media. At sites where surface remedial action is complete and at sites where remedial action has not yet begun, the environmental program consists primarily of surface water and ground water monitoring to support site characterization, baseline risk assessments, or disposal site performance assessments.

Not Available

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Dual superconductivity and vacuum properties in Yang--Mills theories  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We address, within the dual superconductivity model for color confinement, the question whether the Yang-Mills vacuum behaves as a superconductor of type I or type II. In order to do that we compare, for the theory with gauge group SU(2), the determination of the field penetration depth $\\lambda$ with that of the superconductor correlation length $\\xi$. The latter is obtained by measuring the temporal correlator of a disorder parameter developed by the Pisa group to detect dual superconductivity. The comparison places the vacuum close to the border between type I and type II and marginally on the type II side. We also check our results against the study of directly measurable effects such as the interaction between two parallel flux tubes, obtaining consistent indications for a weak repulsive behaviour. Future strategies to improve our investigation are discussed.

A. D'Alessandro; M. D'Elia; L. Tagliacozzo

2006-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

343

Dual Superconductivity from Yang-Mills Theory via Connection Decomposition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We derive an Abelian-Higgs-like action from SU(2) Yang-Mills theory via monopole-condensation assumption. Abelian projection as well as chromo-'electric-magnetic' duality are naturally realized by separating the small off-diagonal gluon part from diagonal gluon field according to the order of inverse coupling constant($1/g$). It is shown that Abelian dominance can follow from infrared behavior of ranning coupling constant and the mass generation of chromo-electric field as well as off-diagonal gluon is due to the quantum fluctuation of orientation of Abelian direction. Dual superconductivity of theory vacuum is confirmed by deriving dual London equation for chromo-electronic field.

Duoje Jia

2005-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

344

Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Project Environmental Protection Implementation Plan  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project Environmental Protection Implementation Plan (EPIP) has been prepared in accordance with the requirements of the US Department of Energy (DOE) Order 5400.1. The UMTRA EPIP covers the time period of November 9, 1993, through November 8, 1994. It will be updated annually. Its purpose is to provide management direction to ensure that the UMTRA Project is operated and managed in a manner that will protect, maintain, and where necessary, restore environmental quality, minimize potential threats to public health and the environment, and comply with environmental regulations and DOE policies. Contents of this report are: (1) general description of the UMTRA project environmental protection program; (2) notifications; (3) planning and reporting; (4) special programs; (5) environmental monitoring programs; (6) quality assurance and data verification; and (7) references.

Vollmer, A.T.

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Ion-plasma gun for ion-milling machine  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An ion gun includes an elongated electrode with a hollow end portion closed by a perforated end plate. The end plate is positioned parallel to a perforated flat electrode of opposite electrical polarity. An insulated sleeve encompasses the elongated electrode and extends outwardly from the perforated end towards the flat electrode. The sleeve length is separated into two portions of different materials. The first is formed of a high-temperature material that extends over the hollow portion of the elongated electrode where the arc is initiated by a point source electrode. The second sleeve portion extending over the remainder of the elongated electrode is of a resilient material for enhanced seal-forming ability and retention of plasma gas. Perforations are arranged in the flat electrode in a mutually opposing triangular pattern to project a plasma beam having a generally flat current profile towards a target requiring precision milling.

Kaminsky, Manfred S. (Hinsdale, IL); Campana, Jr., Thomas J. (Hinsdale, IL)

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Protect and Restore Mill Creek Watershed : Annual Report CY 2005.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Nez Perce Tribe Department of Fisheries Resource Management, Watershed Division approaches watershed restoration with a ridge-top to ridge-top approach. The Nez Perce Tribe and the Nez Perce National Forest (NPNF) have formed a partnership in completing watershed restoration activities, and through this partnership, more work is accomplished by sharing funding and resources in our effort. The Nez Perce Tribe began watershed restoration projects within the Mill Creek watershed of the South Fork Clearwater River in 2000. Progress has been made in restoring the watershed through excluding cattle from critical riparian areas through fencing. Starting in FY 2002, continuing into 2004, trees were planted in riparian areas in the meadow of the upper watershed. In addition, a complete inventory of culverts at road-stream crossings was completed. Culverts have been prioritized for replacement to accommodate fish passage throughout the watershed, and one high priority culvert was replaced in 2004. Maintenance to the previously built fence was also completed.

McRoberts, Heidi

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Mill Seat Landfill Bioreactor Renewable Green Power (NY)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The project was implemented at the Mill Seat landfill located in the Town of Bergen, Monroe County, New York. The landfill was previously equipped with a landfill gas collection system to collect methane gas produced by the bioreactor landfill and transport it to a central location for end use. A landfill gas to energy facility was also previously constructed at the site, which utilized generator engines, designed to be powered with landfill methane gas, to produce electricity, to be utilized on site and to be sold to the utility grid. The landfill gas generation rate at the site had exceeded the capacity of the existing generators, and the excess landfill gas was therefore being burned at a candlestick flare for destruction. The funded project consisted of the procurement and installation of two (2) additional 800 KW Caterpillar 3516 generator engines, generator sets, switchgear and ancillary equipment.

Barton & Loguidice, P.C.

2010-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

348

Blast furnaces make way for new steel technology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Increasingly stringent environmental regulations, aging production units, and a competitive market are forcing iron and steelmakers to improve the environmental performance and cost efficiencies of their processes. The traditional integrated steel unit isn`t obsolete -- yet. Blast furnaces will be around for at least another 15 years. However, traditional technology is in for some changes, and stepped up rivalry from electric arc furnace minimills and ironmaking processes that use gas or coal. The paper discusses direct iron making processes, the DRI-minimill connection, the iron carbide process, and reclaiming iron from waste.

Ondrey, G.; Parkinson, G.; Moore, S.

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Mr. Fred Steinkuehler Granite City Steel Division National Steel Corporation  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Fred Steinkuehler Fred Steinkuehler Granite City Steel Division National Steel Corporation 20th and State Streets Granite City, Illinois 62040 Dear Mr. Steinkuehler: Enclosed please find your copy of the signed consent forms for the radiological survey of the South Plant Betatron Building. In your letter to me of July 21, 1988, you identified several issues regarding the survey and the consent. I would like to address these concerns below. As noted in the consent form, the purpose of our surveys are only to determine if there is any residual radioactive material on the site that is derived from Department of Energy (DOE) predecessor operations. All data collected during the designation survey is to determine the radiological condition of the portion of the site involved in the predecessor work. No

350

Sociologically imagined: the decentering of C. Wright Mills, the postmodern cowboy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Examining early biographical events in C. Wright Mills’ life, along with his relationships to his family, some of whom he denied as even being family later in his life, the following study demonstrates a link between the early psychological traumas of a young Mills and the strong impact these had on his later intellectual thought. Such an approach looms as potentially important and beneficial in gaining insight into Mills’ theoretical positions when we turn to academics such as Alice Miller, Sigmund Freud and C.G. Jung who demonstrate the lasting and shaping impact that early psychological development has on the thoughts, ideas and expressions of older adults. Even for empirical-based sociologists who may be hesitant to accept psychoanalytic explanations, it is difficult to reject this position outright. Even within sociology’s own house, Max Weber, Talcott Parsons, David Riesman and C. Wright Mills also utilize basic psychoanalytic insights in their sociological writings. Using Mills’ psychological development as an entry point, this work demonstrates the similarities between Mills’ early biographical trajectory and its psychological impact on his later life as compared to very similar developments in the lives of Friedrich Nietzsche, Thorstein Veblen and Weber. Ultimately, we come to see that not only is Mills’ early psychological development similar to these earlier thinkers, but his intellectual thought later in his life is similar as well.

Kerr, Keith Thomas

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Steel project fact sheet: Steel reheating for further processing  

SciTech Connect

Steel reheating is an energy-intensive process requiring uniform temperature distribution within reheating furnaces. Historically, recuperators have ben used to preheat combustion air, thereby conserving energy. More recent innovations include oxygen enrichment and the use of regenerative burners, which provide higher preheat air temperatures than recuperators. These processes have limitations such as equipment deterioration, decreasing energy efficiency over time, high maintenance costs, and increased NO{sub x} emissions with increased air preheat temperature, unless special equipment is used. Praxair, Inc., supplier of oxygen and other industrial gases to the steel industry, proposes to introduce an innovative oxy-fuel burner technology (using 100% oxygen) to the steel reheating industry. Oxy-fuel combustion reduces or eliminates nitrogen in combustion air and substantially reduces waste heat carried out with flue gas. Based on technology currently used in the glass, hazardous waste, and aluminum industries, Praxair has developed and patented low temperature, oxy-fuel burners that can be used in high temperature industrial furnaces where temperature uniformity is critical and extremely low NO{sub x} emissions are desired. The technical goal of the project is to demonstrate the use of oxy-fuel burners in a slab reheat furnace while reducing energy consumption by 45% and NO{sub x} emissions by 90% within the converted furnace zones. Successful implementation of this technology also will eliminate the need to periodically replace recuperators and install NO{sub x} removal equipment.

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

TENSILE TESTING OF CARBON STEEL IN HIGH PRESSURE HYDROGEN  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

An infrastructure of new and existing pipelines and systems will be required to carry and to deliver hydrogen as an alternative energy source under the hydrogen economy. Carbon and low alloy steels of moderate strength are currently used in hydrogen delivery systems as well as in the existing natural gas systems. It is critical to understand the material response of these standard pipeline materials when they are subjected to pressurized hydrogen environments. The methods and results from a testing program to quantify hydrogen effects on mechanical properties of carbon steel pipeline and pipeline weld materials are provided. Tensile properties of one type of steel (A106 Grade B) in base metal, welded and heat affected zone conditions were tested at room temperature in air and high pressure (10.34 MPa or 1500 psig) hydrogen. A general reduction in the materials ability to plastically deform was noted in this material when specimens were tested in hydrogen. Furthermore, the primary mode of fracture was changed from ductile rupture in air to cleavage with secondary tearing in hydrogen. The mechanical test results will be applied in future analyses to evaluate service life of the pipelines. The results are also envisioned to be part of the bases for construction codes and structural integrity demonstrations for hydrogen service pipeline and vessels.

Duncan, A; Thad Adams, T; Ps Lam, P

2007-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

353

MECHANICAL TESTING OF CARBON STEEL IN HIGH PRESSURE HYDROGEN  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The methods and interim results from a testing program to quantify hydrogen effects on mechanical properties of carbon steel pipeline and pipeline weld materials are provided. The scope is carbon steels commonly used for natural gas pipelines in the United States that are candidates for hydrogen service in the hydrogen economy. The mechanical test results will be applied in future analyses to evaluate service life of the pipelines. The results are also envisioned to be part of the bases for construction codes and structural integrity demonstrations for hydrogen service pipeline and vessels. Tensile properties of one type of steel (A106 Grade B) in base metal, welded and heat affected zone conditions were tested at room temperature in air and high pressure (1500 psig) hydrogen. A general reduction in the materials ability to plastically deform was noted in this material when specimens were tested in 1500 psig hydrogen. Furthermore, the primary mode of fracture was changed from ductile rupture in air to cleavage with secondary tearing in hydrogen. The mechanical test program will continue with tests to quantify the fracture behavior in terms of J-R curves for these materials at air and hydrogen pressure conditions.

Duncan, A

2006-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

354

Integrable Models and the Toda Lattice Hierarchy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A pedagogical presentation of integrable models with special reference to the Toda lattice hierarchy has been attempted. The example of the KdV equation has been studied in detail, beginning with the infinite conserved quantities and going on to the Lax formalism for the same. We then go on to symplectic manifolds for which we construct the Lax operator. This formalism is applied to Toda Lattice systems. The Zakharov Shabat formalism aimed at encompassing all integrable models is also covered after which the zero curvature condition and its fallout are discussed. We then take up Toda Field Theories and their connection to W algebras via the Hamiltonian reduction of the WZNW model. Finally, we dwell on the connection between four dimensional Yang Mills theories and the KdV equation along with a generalization to supersymmetry.

Södermark, B M

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Integrable Models and the Toda Lattice Hierarchy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A pedagogical presentation of integrable models with special reference to the Toda lattice hierarchy has been attempted. The example of the KdV equation has been studied in detail, beginning with the infinite conserved quantities and going on to the Lax formalism for the same. We then go on to symplectic manifolds for which we construct the Lax operator. This formalism is applied to Toda Lattice systems. The Zakharov Shabat formalism aimed at encompassing all integrable models is also covered after which the zero curvature condition and its fallout are discussed. We then take up Toda Field Theories and their connection to W algebras via the Hamiltonian reduction of the WZNW model. Finally, we dwell on the connection between four dimensional Yang Mills theories and the KdV equation along with a generalization to supersymmetry.

Bani Mitra Sodermark

1999-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

356

NREL: Energy Systems Integration - Energy Systems Integration...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Systems Integration Facility NREL's Energy Systems Integration Facility Garners LEED Platinum View the NREL Press Release. NREL's multistory Energy Systems Integration...

357

NREL: Energy Systems Integration - Integrated Deployment Workshop  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Integrated Deployment Workshop Integrated Deployment Workshop The Energy Systems Integration Facility workshop, Integrated Deployment, was held August 21 - 23, 2012 at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory in Golden, Colorado. Each day of the workshop, which included a tour of the Energy Systems Integration Facility, focused on a different topic: Day 1: Utility-Scale Renewable Integration Day 2: Distribution-Level Integration Day 3: Isolated and Islanded Grid Systems The agenda and presentations from the workshop are below. Agenda Energy Systems Integration Facility Overview ESIF Technology Partnerships Integrated Deployment Model Integrated Deployment and the Energy Systems Integration Facility: Workshop Proceedings Printable Version Energy Systems Integration Home Research & Development

358

Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Project, Surface Project Management Plan. Revision 1  

SciTech Connect

Title I of the Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act (UMTRCA) authorizes the US Department of Energy (DOE) to undertake remedial action at 24 designated inactive uranium processing sites and associated vicinity properties (VP) containing uranium mill tailings and related residual radioactive materials. The purpose of the Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Surface Project is to minimize or eliminate radiation health hazards to the public and the environment at the 24 sites and related VPs. This document describes the management organization, system, and methods used to manage the design, construction, and other activities required to clean up the designated sites and associated VPs, in accordance with the UMTRCA.

Not Available

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Titania Prepared by Ball Milling: Its Characterization and Application as Liquefied Petroleum Gas Sensor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Present paper reports the LPG sensing of TiO2 obtained through ball milling. The milled powder was characterized by XRD, TEM and UV-visible spectroscopy. Further the ball milled powder was compressed in to pellet using hydraulic press. This pellet was investigated with the exposure of LPG. Variations in resistance with exposure of LPG to the sensing pellet were recorded. The sensitivity of the sensor was ~ 11 for 5 vol.% of LPG. Response and recovery times of the sensor were ~ 100 and 250 sec. The sensor was quite sensitive to LPG and results were found reproducible within 91%.

Yadav, B C; Singh, Satyendra; Yadav, T P

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Energy and protein production from pulp mill wastes. Quarterly report, December 15, 1978-March 15, 1979  

SciTech Connect

The objective for the past quarter included reversing the decline in productivity from the methane fermenters, confirming methane and yeast production from acetate, and making trial runs on kraft mill and semichemical mill effluents. Although methane production remained low (20 cc/hr) addition of 2% methanol doubled production. Progress has been made on identifying possible viruses that might be preventing higher methane production. Confirmation that acetate can be used as a substrate for methane production has been obtained. An initial test on the Decker filtrate from a kraft mill gave 20 cc/hr methane production.

Jurgensen, M.F.; Patton, J.T.

1979-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "integrated steel mills" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Detection of Tool Flute Breakage in End Milling Using Feed-Motor Current Signatures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, an effective algorithm based on improved time-domain averaging is proposed to detect tool flute breakage during end milling using feed-motor current signatures. The algorithm proposed is demonstrated to be effective in detecting tool flute breakage in real time through a series of milling experiments, and is also demonstrated to be insensitive to the effects for transients, such as cutter runout, entry/exit cuts, and noise in the feed-motor current signals. Results indicated that the approach showed excellent potential for practical, on-line application for tool flute breakage detection during end milling.

Xiao Li

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Enhanced Oxidative Reactivity for Anthracite Coal via a Reactive Ball Milling Pretreatment Step  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Reactive ball milling in a cyclohexene solvent significantly increases the oxidative reactivity of an anthracite coal, due to the combined effects of particle size reduction, metal introduction, introduction of volatile matter, and changes in carbon structure. Metals introduced during milling can be easily removed via a subsequent demineralization process, and the increased reactivity is retained. Solvent addition alters the morphological changes that occur during pyrolysis and leads to a char with significantly increased reactivity. When the solvent is omitted, similar effects are seen for the milled product, but a significant fraction of the char is resistant to oxidation. 33 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab.

Angela D. Lueking; Apurba Sakti; Dania Alvarez-Fonseca; Nichole Wonderling [Pennsylvania State University, PA (United States). Department of Energy and Mineral Engineering

2009-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

363

Whole wheat flour milling: effects of variety and particle size.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Nutrition from whole grains has become an integral part of a healthy diet. Consumers are focused on adding fiber and whole grains to be healthy… (more)

Turner, Justin B.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Development of API X70 on a Thin-Slab Casting and Rolling Mill  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, Materials Science & Technology 2012. Symposium, Recent Developments in High Strength Steels for Energy Applications.

365

P/M Stainless Steels  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 12   Applications for P/M stainless steels...Seatback tray slides 316L Galley latches 316L Jet fuel refueling impellers 316L Foam generators 316L Agriculture Fungicide spray equipment 316L Appliances Automatic dishwasher components 304L Automatic washer components 304L Garbage disposal components 410L Pot handles 316L Coffee filters 316L-Si...

366

integr~1  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7 7 AUDIT REPORT THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY' S MANAGEMENT OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT INTEGRATION MARCH 1998 U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL OFFICE OF AUDIT SERVICES DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Washington, DC 20585 MEMORANDUM FOR THE SECRETARY FROM: Gregory H. Friedman Principal Deputy Inspector General SUBJECT: INFORMATION : Audit Report on "Audit of the Department of Energy's Management of Research and Development Integration" BACKGROUND The Congress, independent task forces, and advisory groups have pointed out the need for the Department to improve its integration of research and development (R&D) projects. In the past, R&D management was carried out by different program offices with the research being

367

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Sutton Steele and Steele Co - TX 09  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Sutton Steele and Steele Co - TX 09 Sutton Steele and Steele Co - TX 09 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: SUTTON, STEELE & STEELE CO. (TX.09) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: Sutton, Steele & Steele, Inc. TX.09-1 Location: Dallas , Texas TX.09-1 Evaluation Year: 1993 TX.09-2 Site Operations: Conducted operations to separate Uranium shot by means of air float tables and conducted research to air classify C-Liner and C-Special materials. TX.09-1 TX.09-3 TX.09-4 TX.09-5 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Potential for contamination considered remote TX.09-2 Radioactive Materials Handled: Yes Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Uranium TX.09-4 TX.09-5 Radiological Survey(s): Health and Safety Monitoring TX.09-4 TX.09-5 Site Status: Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP

368

Nondestructive Evaluation: Cast Austenitic Stainless Steel Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report documents the status of a number of projects that were initiated to support the Cast Austenitic Stainless Steel Roadmap. The majority of these projects fall within the purview of the Research Technical Advisory Committee. These multiyear and multifaceted projects address a number of important issues dealing with cast stainless steel and other emerging industry needs. The first objective of the project is to maintain the cast austenitic stainless steel (CASS) roadmap that outlines an ...

2012-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

369

Focus Transformer Steel - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Strain Gradient and Degradation in Magnetic Properties: Focus Transformer Steel. Author(s), Satish Kumar Shekhawat, Basavaraj V., Vijay

370

Project #3: Analysis of Structural Steel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... properties • Task 5 - Characterize thermal excursions of steel ... 100 105 Yawata "A 514 mod" (WEL-TEN 80C) ... Est. completion date % complete ...

2012-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

371

Project #3: Analysis of Structural Steel Update  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 100 105 108 Yawata "A 514 mod" (WEL-TEN 80C) 56 Plate 1 ... Task 5 - Characterize thermal excursions of steel ... Analysis completion target date ...

2012-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

372

Improved Martensitic Steel for High Temperature Applications  

NETL has developed a stainless steel composition and heat treatment process for a high-temperature, titanium alloyed 9 Cr-1 molybdenum alloy ...

373

The State of the Indian Steel Industry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... domestic demand, their competitive position in respect of cost of production, ... In this paper a forecast of the Indian steel industry in the coming five years will ...

374

Plate, Bar, and Structural Steels I  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 29, 2013... Process to the Characteristics of SCM 440 Steel as Pin Component in Automobilie Chains: Myrna Ariati1; 1University of Indonesia

375

Multiscale Systems Design of Advanced Steels  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Research and Production Practice of DR Material in Baosteel ... Smelting Technology and Final Product Quality of Steel Rails Used for Passenger Special Line ...

376

Symposium A: Advanced Steels and Processing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Research and Production Practice of DR Material in Baosteel ... Smelting Technology and Final Product Quality of Steel Rails Used for Passenger Special Line ...

377

Sulfide Stress Cracking in Steels - A Review  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Symposium, Corrosion and Corrosion Protection of Materials in the Oil and Gas Industry. Presentation Title, Sulfide Stress Cracking in Steels - A Review.

378

Mechanical Behavior of Tempered Martensitic Steels for ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Mechanical Behavior of Tempered Martensitic Steels for Ultrasupercritical Steam Applications. Author(s), Jeffrey A. Hawk, Paul D. Jablonski, ...

379

and Large Sized Chinese Steel Enterprises  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Analysis of the Past and Future Trends of Energy Use in Key Medium and Large Sized Chinese Steel Enterprises year month institution Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory abstract p...

380

Neutron Imaging of Hydrogen in Steels  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Symposium, Applied Neutron Scattering in Engineering and Materials Science Research. Presentation Title, Neutron Imaging of Hydrogen in Steels. Author(s) ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "integrated steel mills" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Hydrogen Embrittlement of a Bainitic Wheel Steel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Hydrogen Embrittlement of a Bainitic Wheel Steel ... (SSRT) test and hydrogen-induced delayed cracking (HIDC) were investigated in a noval  ...

382

Integrated System  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Integrated Window System Our research activities in the field of high performance windows have led us to conclude that even by using high performance insulating glass units, low conductivity frames, and warm edge spacers, there are still untapped sources for improving energy efficiency in the design and use of residential windows. While such high performance windows are a dramatic improvement over conventional units, they do not reduce conductive losses through wall framing around the window, offer guarantees against excessive wall/window infiltration nor do they adapt to the daily and seasonal potentials for night insulation and summer shading. To meet this need, we have been working on the design, development, and prototyping of Integrated Window Systems (IWS) since 1993. Integrated Window Systems are a form of panelized construction where the wall panel includes an operable or fixed window sash, recessed night insulation, integral solar shading, and is built in a factory setting in order to minimize thermal short circuits and infiltration at joints. IWSs can be built in modular lengths to facilitate their installation with conventional wood frame stick construction or other forms of panelized construction.

383

Moab Mill Tailings Removal Project Reaches 5 Million Tons Disposed: Project  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Moab Mill Tailings Removal Project Reaches 5 Million Tons Disposed: Moab Mill Tailings Removal Project Reaches 5 Million Tons Disposed: Project Accomplishes Milestone While Doing it Safely Moab Mill Tailings Removal Project Reaches 5 Million Tons Disposed: Project Accomplishes Milestone While Doing it Safely February 27, 2012 - 12:00pm Addthis Media Contacts Donald Metzler, Moab Federal Project Director, (970) 257-2115 Wendee Ryan, S&K Aerospace Public Affairs Manager, (970) 257-2145 Grand Junction, CO- The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) reached another milestone today for the Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Project, having shipped 5 million tons of tailings from the massive pile located in Moab, Utah, to the engineered disposal cell near Crescent Junction, Utah. The pile comprised an estimated 16 million tons total when DOE's Remedial

384

DOE Amends Decision for the Remediation of the Moab Uranium Mill Tailings  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Amends Decision for the Remediation of the Moab Uranium Mill Amends Decision for the Remediation of the Moab Uranium Mill Tailings in Moab, Utah DOE Amends Decision for the Remediation of the Moab Uranium Mill Tailings in Moab, Utah February 29, 2008 - 11:43am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today announced an amendment to its 2005 Record of Decision (ROD) for the Moab Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project to allow for the use of truck or rail in transporting residual radioactive materials from the Moab site in Utah. These materials will be relocated to a new disposal site 30 miles north at Crescent Junction, Utah. "The Department is committed to ensuring the protection of human health and the environment in the Moab area and in the communities served by the Colorado River," Assistant Secretary for Environmental Management Jim

385

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Monument Valley Mill Site - AZ 0-01  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Monument Valley Mill Site - AZ 0-01 Monument Valley Mill Site - AZ 0-01 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: Monument Valley Mill Site (AZ.0-01) Designated Name: Alternate Name: Location: Evaluation Year: Site Operations: Site Disposition: Radioactive Materials Handled: Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Radiological Survey(s): Site Status: Also see Monument Valley, Arizona, Processing Site Documents Related to Monument Valley Mill Site Data Validation Package for the June 2009 Water Sampling at the Monument Valley, Arizona, Processing Site; LMS/MON/S0609; October 2009 Natural and Enhanced Attenuation of Soil and Ground Water at Monument Valley, Arizona, and Shiprock, New Mexico 2006 Status Report June 2008 Data Validation Package for 2007 Groundwater Sampling at the Monument Valley, AZ Processing Site

386

Converting mill buildings into housing : ways of working with brick walls  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The mill buildings of New England add a unique dimension to the heritage and identity of the region. Today some of these buildings continue to function as the site of industry, others have been converted to commercial or ...

Pressman, Paul

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Retrieving Storm Electric Fields from Aircraft Field Mill Data. Part I: Theory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is shown that the problem of retrieving storm electric fields from an aircraft instrumented with several electric field mill sensors can be expressed in terms of a standard Lagrange multiplier optimization problem. The method naturally removes ...

W. J. Koshak

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Retrieving Storm Electric Fields from Aircraft Field Mill Data. Part II: Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Lagrange multiplier theory developed in Part I of this study is applied to complete a relative calibration of a Citation aircraft that is instrumented with six field mill sensors. When side constraints related to average fields are used, the ...

W. J. Koshak; D. M. Mach; H. J. Christian; M. F. Stewart; M. G. Bateman

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Analytic calculation of Witten index in D= 2 supersymmetric Yang-Mills quantum mechanics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We evaluate analytically the Witten index of D= 2 supersymmetric Yang-Mills quantum mechanics. We rederive a known result for the SU(2) gauge group and generalize it to any SU(N) gauge group.

Korcyl, Piotr [M. Smoluchowski Institute of Physics, Jagiellonian University, Reymonta 4, 30-059 Krakow (Poland)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

390

Radiation of a circulating quark in strongly coupled N = 4 super Yang-Mills theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The energy density and angular distribution of power radiated by a quark undergoing circular motion in strongly coupled N? = ?4 supersymmetric Yang?Mills (SYM) theory is computed using gauge?gravity duality. The results ...

Athanasiou, Christiana

391

The FreeD - A Handheld Digital Milling Device for Craft and Fabrication  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present an approach to combine digital fabrication and craft that is focused on a new fabrication experience. The FreeD is a hand-held, digitally controlled, milling device. It is guided and monitored by a computer while ...

Paradiso, Joseph

392

Optimal handling of Highly Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients during milling and blending operations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis investigates best practices for Highly Active Pharmaceutical Ingredient (HAPI) milling and blending. We utilize a qualitative analysis centering on a benchmarking study and quantitative analyses using a ...

Setty, Prashant (Prashant Neelappanavara)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Design of a desktop milling machine for fabrication in an introductory machine shop class  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of this research is to design, fabricate and test the electromechanical subsystem of a CNC milling machine kit. Unlike all other CNC kits on the market, the purpose of this kit is to teach students the principles ...

Lorenc, Dan (Daniel P.)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Yang-Mills Theory Constructed from Cho–Faddeev–Niemi Decomposition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We give a new way of looking at the Cho–Faddeev–Niemi (CFN) decomposition of the Yang-Mills theory to answer how the enlarged local gauge symmetry respected by the CFN variables is restricted to obtain another Yang-Mills theory with the same local and global gauge symmetries as the original Yang-Mills theory. This may shed new light on the fundamental issue of the discrepancy between two theories for independent degrees of freedom and the role of the Maximal Abelian gauge in Yang-Mills theory. As a byproduct, this consideration gives new insight into the meaning of the gauge invariance and the observables, e.g., a gauge-invariant mass term and vacuum condensates of mass dimension two. We point out the implications for the Skyrme–Faddeev model.

Kei-ichi Kondo; Takeharu Murakami; Toru Shinohara

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Ball-milled Materials as Inert Anodes for Aluminum Production in KF ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study, various nanostructured materials including Cu-Ni-Fe, Cu-Al-Ni-Fe based alloys and (Cu-Ni-Fe + MOx) composites were prepared by ball milling, ...

396

Subject: Proposed 216(h) Regulations To: Brian.Mills@hq.doe...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

February 12, 2012 Subject: Proposed 216(h) Regulations To: Brian.Mills@hq.doe.gov and Lot.Cooke@hq.doe.gov. We appreciate the opportunity to review the Proposed Regulation for...

397

VOC Control in Kraft Mills - Final Report: Task A and Task B  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The formation of volatile organic compounds (VOCs), such as methanol, in kraft mills has been an environmental concern. Methanol is soluble in water and can increase the biochemical oxygen demand. Furthermore, it can also be released into atmosphere at the process temperatures of kraft mill-streams. The Cluster Rule of the EPA now requires the control of the release of methanol in pulp and paper mills. This research program was conducted to develop a computer simulation tool for mills to predict VOC air emissions. To achieve the objective of the research program, much effort was made in the development of analytical techniques for the analysis of VOC and determination of vapor liquid partitioning coefficient of VOCs in kraft mill-streams using headspace gas chromatography. With the developed analytical tool, methanol formation in alkaline pulping was studied in laboratory to provide benchmark data of the amount of methanol formation in pulping in kraft mills and for the validation of VOC formation and vapor-liquid equilibrium submodels. Several millwide air and liquid samplings were conducted using the analytical tools developed to validate the simulation tool. The VOC predictive simulation model was developed based on the basic chemical engineering concepts, i.e., reaction kinetics, vapor liquid equilibrium, combined with computerized mass and energy balances. Four kraft mill case studies (a continuous digester, two brownstock washing lines, and a pre-evaporator system) are presented and compared with mill measurements. These case studies provide valuable, technical information for issues related to MACT I and MACT II compliance, such as condensate collection and Clean-Condensate-Alternatives (CCA).

Zhu, J.Y.; Chai, X.-S.; Edwards, L.L.; Gu, Y.; Teja, A.S.; Kirkman, A.G.; Pfromm, P.H.; Rezac, M.E.

2001-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

398

Accepting Mixed Waste as Alternate Feed Material for Processing and Disposal at a Licensed Uranium Mill  

SciTech Connect

Certain categories of mixed wastes that contain recoverable amounts of natural uranium can be processed for the recovery of valuable uranium, alone or together with other metals, at licensed uranium mills, and the resulting tailings permanently disposed of as 11e.(2) byproduct material in the mill's tailings impoundment, as an alternative to treatment and/or direct disposal at a mixed waste disposal facility. This paper discusses the regulatory background applicable to hazardous wastes, mixed wastes and uranium mills and, in particular, NRC's Alternate Feed Guidance under which alternate feed materials that contain certain types of mixed wastes may be processed and disposed of at uranium mills. The paper discusses the way in which the Alternate Feed Guidance has been interpreted in the past with respect to processing mixed wastes and the significance of recent changes in NRC's interpretation of the Alternate Feed Guidance that sets the stage for a broader range of mixed waste materials to be processed as alternate feed materials. The paper also reviews the le gal rationale and policy reasons why materials that would otherwise have to be treated and/or disposed of as mixed waste, at a mixed waste disposal facility, are exempt from RCRA when reprocessed as alternate feed material at a uranium mill and become subject to the sole jurisdiction of NRC, and some of the reasons why processing mixed wastes as alternate feed materials at uranium mills is preferable to direct disposal. Finally, the paper concludes with a discussion of the specific acceptance, characterization and certification requirements applicable to alternate feed materials and mixed wastes at International Uranium (USA) Corporation's White Mesa Mill, which has been the most active uranium mill in the processing of alternate feed materials under the Alternate Feed Guidance.

Frydenland, D. C.; Hochstein, R. F.; Thompson, A. J.

2002-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

399

Surface-invariants in 2D classical Yang-Mills theory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We study a method to obtain invariants under area-preserving diffeomorphisms associated to closed curves in the plane from classical Yang-Mills theory in two dimensions. Taking as starting point the Yang-Mills field coupled to nondynamical particles carrying chromo-electric charge, and by means of a perturbative scheme, we obtain the first two contributions to the on-shell action, which are area-invariants. A geometrical interpretation of these invariants is given.

Diaz, Rafael; Fuenmayor, E.; Leal, Lorenzo [Escuela de Matematicas, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Central de Venezuela, AP 20513, Caracas 1020-A (Venezuela); Centro de Fisica Teorica y Computacional, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Central de Venezuela, AP 47270, Caracas 1041-A (Venezuela)

2006-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

400

Phase I Energy Targeting Study Using Pinch Analysis: Kamloops Pulp Mill  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On behalf of EPRI and Global Energy Partners, American Process Inc. (API) carried out an energy targeting study using pinch analysis at Kamloops Pulp Mill. API constructed complete process flow diagrams and a partial simulation model of the steam and condensate system and of the warm and hot water systems. The heat recovery opportunities were quantified and a new condensing turbine was evaluated by incorporating the mill data from October 24, 2001. This data was assumed to be representative of year-round...

2003-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "integrated steel mills" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Innovative coal gas cleaning at Sparrows Point Coal Chemical Plant, Maryland for Bethlehem Steel Corporation  

SciTech Connect

In response to the Clean Coal II solicitation, Bethlehem Steel Corporation (BSC) submitted a proposal to the DOE in May 1988. The proposal submitted by BSC describes a Unique integration of commercial technologies developed by Davy/Still Otto to clean coke oven gas being produced at its Sparrows Point, Maryland steel plant. This innovative coke oven gas cleaning system combines secondary gas cooling with hydrogen sulfide and ammonia removal, hydrogen sulfide and ammonia recovery, ammonia destruction and sulfur recovery to produce a cleaner fuel gas for plant use. The primary environmental benefit associated with employing this innovative coke oven gas cleaning system is realized when the fuel gas is burned within the steel plant. Emissions of sulfur dioxide are reduced by more than 60 percent. The removal, recovery and destruction of ammonia eliminates the disposal problems associated with an unmarketable ammonium sulfate by-product. Significant reduction in benzene and hydrogen cyanide emissions are also obtained.

Antrobus, K.; Platts, M. (Davy/Still Otto, Pittsburgh, PA (US)); Harbold, L. (Bethlehem Steel Corp., PA (USA)); Kornosky, R. (Office of Clean Coal Technology, US DOE, Pittsburgh, PA (US))

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

DeconfinementinYang-Mills: a conjecture for a general gauge Lie group G  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Svetitsky and Yaffe have argued that — if the deconfinement phase transition of a (d+1)-dimensional Yang-Mills theory with gauge group G is second order — it should be in the universality class of a d-dimensional scalar model symmetric under the center C(G) of G. These arguments have been investigated numerically only considering Yang-Mills theory with gauge symmetry in the G = SU(N) branch, where C(G) = Z(N). The symplectic groups Sp(N) provide another extension of SU(2) = Sp(1) to general N and they all have the same center Z(2). Hence, in contrast to the SU(N) case, Sp(N) Yang-Mills theory allows to study the relevance of the group size on the order of the deconfinement phase transition keeping the available universality class fixed. Using lattice simulations, we present numerical results for the deconfinement phase transition in Sp(2) and Sp(3) Yang-Mills theories both in (2+1)d and (3+1)d. We then make a conjecture on the order of the deconfinement phase transition in Yang-Mills theories with general Lie groups SU(N), SO(N), Sp(N) and with exceptional groups G(2), F(4), E(6), E(7), E(8). Numerical results for G(2) Yang-Mills theory at finite temperature in (3 + 1)d are also presented.

M. Pepe A

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Mass gap in quantum energy-mass spectrum of relativistic Yang-Mills fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A relativistic quantum Yang-Mills theory with a simple compact gauge Lie group on the four-dimensional Minkowski spacetime is set up in a framework of infinite-dimensional pseudodifferential operators in a nuclear Kree-Gelfand triple. The linear quantum Yang-Mills energy-mass operator is defined as the anti-normal quantization of the non-linear Yang-Mills energy-mass functional of consrained Cauchy data supported by an euclidean ball of a radius R. It is shown that expectation functional of the Yang-Mills energy-mass operator majorises the expectation functional of a scaled occupation number operator so that, by variational spectral principles, the quantum Yang-Mills spectral mass gap is positive. The mass gap is proportional to 1/R. The running coupling constant is proportional to the square root of R, leading to an asymptotic freedom for quantum Yang-Mills theory at short distances. This mathematically rigorous theory is non-perturbative and provides a solution for the 7th Clay Institute Millennium problem.

Alexander Dynin

2013-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

404

Numerical investigation of the grinding process in a Beater Wheel mill with classifier  

SciTech Connect

A numerical investigation is presented for a two-dimensional simulation of the gas flow field and of the dynamic behavior of lignite particles inside Beater Wheel mills with classifier, installed in large coal-fired plants. A large number of representative particles are tracked using Lagrangian equations of motion, in combination with a stochastic model for particle turbulent dispersion. All the important mechanisms associated with the particle motion through the mill (particle-surface collisions and rebounding phenomena, fuel moisture evaporation and erosion wear of internal surfaces) are modeled. A special model is constructed to simulate the fragmentation of impacting particles and to calculate the size distribution of the final mill product. The models are regulated on the basis of available data from grinding mills of the Greek lignite power stations. The numerical code is capable of predicting the locations of significant erosion and to estimate the amount of particle mass that circulates through the mill via the classifying chamber. Mean impact velocity and impingement angle distributions along all the internal surfaces are also provided. The results indicate remarkable differences in the extent of the erosion caused at different locations of the mill. Also, the significant role of the leading blades arrangement inside the classifier on its classification performance and efficiency is elucidated.

Anagnostopoulos, J.; Bergeles, G. [National Technical Univ. of Athens (Greece)

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Remediation of former uranium mining and milling activities in Central Asia  

SciTech Connect

Available in abstract form only. Full text of publication follows: Several of the Central Asian countries of the former Soviet Union were involved in the uranium mining and milling industry from about 1945 for varying periods until the break up of the Soviet Union in 1991 and beyond. Some facilities are still producing in Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan. However, before the break up, many facilities had been abandoned and in only a few cases had any remediation been undertaken. Since 1991 the newly independent states of the region have been seeking assistance for the remediation of the multitude of tailings piles, waste rock stockpiles and abandoned, and often semi dismantled, production facilities that may be found throughout the region. Many of these sites are close to settlements that were established as service towns for the mines. Most towns still have populations, although the mining industry has departed. In some instances there are cases of pollution and contamination and in many locations there is a significant level of public concern. The IAEA has been undertaking a number of Technical Cooperation (TC) projects throughout the region for some time to strengthen the institutions in the relevant states and assist them to establish monitoring and surveillance programs as an integral part of the long term remediation process. The IAEA is liaising with other agencies and donors who are also working on these problems to optimise the remediation effort. The paper describes the objectives and operation of the main TC regional program, liaison efforts with other agencies, the achievements so far and the long term issues for remediation of these legacies of the 'cold war' era. (authors)

Waggitt, Peter [International Atomic Energy Agency - IAEA, Wagramer Strasse 5, P.O. Box 100 - 1400 Vienna (Austria)

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Load-carrying capacity of oils for rolling mills  

SciTech Connect

This article reports on an investigation of the loadcarrying capacity of the compounded oils Pp-6, Pp-17, and Pp-28 that have been developed for liquid-friction bearings (LFB) as compared to nonadditive oils. A PZhT-140-300 single-roll stand for the lubrication of a regular-production PZhT-180 bearing was used in the study. The load/sliding speed curves obtained from the test oil were compared with the theoretical curve for the load-carrying capacity of the LFB for nonadditive oil and the curve obtained for the oil base stock at the corresponding viscosity level. It is determined that the compounded oils examined are 15-25% better in terms of load-carrying capacity than the oil base stocks, and 20-25% better than the nonadditive oils. The results demonstrate that the introduction of additives increases the load-carrying capacity of oils for LFBs in rolling mills by 20-25%, depending on viscosity.

Grigor' eva, N.I.; Badyshtova, K.M.; Ivankina, E.B.; Kolobov, N.I.; Toloka, V.I.

1984-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Thermal Ground State in Yang-Mills Thermodynamics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We derive an a useful priori estimate for the thermal ground state of deconfining phase of SU(2) Yang-Mills thermodynamics in four-dimensional, flat spacetime and discuss its implications. Upon a selfconsistent spatial coarse-graining over noninteracting, trivial-holonomy (BPS saturated)(anti)calorons of unit topological charge modulus an inert, adjoint scalar field |{phi}| and an effective pure-gauge configuration a{sub {mu}}{sup gs} emerge. The modulus |{phi}|>0 defines the maximal resolution in the coarse-grained theory and induces dynamical gauge-symmetry breaking. Thanks to perturbative renormalizability and the fact that |{phi}| can not absorb or emit energy-momentum the effective action is local and simple. The temperature dependence of the effective coupling is a consequence of thermodynamical consistency and describes the Coulomb screening of a static test charge due to short-lived monopole-antimonopole pairs. The latter occur unresolvably as small-holonomy excitations of (anti)calorons by the absorption of propagating fundamental gauge fields.

Hofmann, Ralf [ITP, Universitaet Heidelberg, Philosophenweg 16, 69120 Heidelberg (Germany)

2011-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

408

Volume dependence in 2+1 Yang-Mills theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the results of an analysis of a 2+1 dimensional pure SU(N) Yang-Mills theory formulated on a 2-dimensional spatial torus with non-trivial magnetic flux. We focus on investigating the dependence of the electric-flux spectrum, extracted from Polyakov loop correlators, with the spatial size l, the number of colours N, and the magnetic flux m. The size of the torus acts a parameter that allows to control the onset of non-perturbative effects. In the small volume regime, where perturbation theory holds, we derive the one-loop self-energy correction to the single-gluon spectrum, for arbitrary N and m. We discuss the transition from small to large volumes that has been investigated by means of Monte-Carlo simulations. We argue that the energy of electric flux e, for the lowest gluon momentum, depends solely on e/N and on the dimensionless variable x=lambda N l, with lambda the 't Hooft coupling. The variable x can be interpreted as the dimensionless 't Hooft coupling for an effective box size given by Nl. This implies a version of reduction that allows to trade l by N without modifying the electric-flux energy.

Margarita Garcia Perez; Antonio Gonzalez-Arroyo; Masanori Okawa

2012-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

409

Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Project 1994 environmental report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This annual report documents the Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project environmental monitoring and protection program. The UMTRA Project routinely monitors radiation, radioactive residual materials, and hazardous constituents at associated former uranium tailings processing sites and disposal sites. At the end of 1994, surface remedial action was complete at 14 of the 24 designated UMTRA Project processing sites: Canonsburg, Pennsylvania; Durango, Colorado; Grand Junction, Colorado; Green River Utah, Lakeview, Oregon; Lowman, Idaho; Mexican Hat, Utah; Riverton, Wyoming; Salt Lake City, Utah; Falls City, Texas; Shiprock, New Mexico; Spook, Wyoming, Tuba City, Arizona; and Monument Valley, Arizona. Surface remedial action was ongoing at 5 sites: Ambrosia Lake, New Mexico; Naturita, Colorado; Gunnison, Colorado; and Rifle, Colorado (2 sites). Remedial action has not begun at the 5 remaining UMTRA Project sites that are in the planning stage. Belfield and Bowman, North Dakota; Maybell, Colorado; and Slick Rock, Colorado (2 sites). The ground water compliance phase of the UMTRA Project started in 1991. Because the UMTRA Project sites are.` different stages of remedial action, the breadth of the UMTRA environmental protection program differs from site to site. In general, sites actively undergoing surface remedial action have the most comprehensive environmental programs for sampling media. At sites where surface remedial action is complete and at sites where remedial action has not yet begun, the environmental program consists primarily of surface water and ground water monitoring to support site characterization, baseline risk assessments, or disposal site performance assessments.

NONE

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Biorefinery Concept Development Based On Wheat Flour Milling  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A new process is being developed to extract starch from millfeed, the low-value byproduct of wheat flour milling, and convert it to glucose through enzymatic processing. The millfeed-derived glucose will then be converted to value-added products, such as polyol, through a catalytic process, or lactic acid, through a fermentation process. The starch (glucose) recovery process has been tested through the pilot scale. Catalytic and fermentation processes have been tested in the laboratory. The process developed for glucose recovery from wheat millfeed includes hot water extraction of starch and filtration of a fibrous animal feed coproduct, followed by enzymatic liquefaction and saccharification of the extracted starch, with filtration of a high-protein coproduct. The bench-scale tests showed that a glucose yield of approximately 30% on a dry millfeed basis could be achieved, which corresponds to the recovery of essentially all the glucose value in the millfeed. Glucose yields with the pilot-scale system were comparable, although filtration was more difficult.

Elliott, Douglas C.; Orth, Rick J.; Gao, Johnway; Werpy, Todd A.; Eakin, David E.; Schmidt, Andrew J.; Neuenschwander, Gary G.

2002-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

411

Analytical approach to SU(2) Yang-Mills thermodynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose an analytical approach to SU(2) Yang-Mills thermodynamics. The existence of a macroscopic and rigid adjoint Higgs field, generated by dilute trivial-holonomy calorons at large temperature $T$ (electric phase), implies a twofold degeneracy of the ground state which signals a broken electric $Z_2$ symmetry. A finite energy density $\\propto T$ of the ground state arises due to caloron interaction. An evolution equation for the effective gauge coupling, derived from thermodynamical self-consistency, predicts a second-order like transition (seen in lattice simulations) at $T_c$ to a phase where monopoles are condensed and off-Cartan excitations decoupled. In this magnetic phase the ground state is unique and dominates the pressure (negative total pressure). While the magnetic phase has a massive, propagating 'photon' it confines fundamental matter (pre-confinement). The temperature dependence of the magnetic gauge coupling predicts the transition to the confining phase at $T_C\\sim \\frac{T_c}{1.9}$ where center-vortex loops condense and the 'photon' decouples. We believe that this transition is 'swallowed' by finite-size artefacts in lattice simulations. No thermodynamical connection exists between the confining and the magnetic phase.

Ralf Hofmann

2004-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

412

Corrosion Characterization of Drillpipe Steels Used in the Petroleum ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this respect stress corrosion cracking susceptibility of two grades of drill pipe ... to Add Sulfur into Molten Steel to Produce Free Cutting Steel for Automobile.

413

Mechanical Properties of a Medium Carbon Low Alloy Steel ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Weld Simulation in X100 Pipeline Steel · Weldability of a 700MPa Grade Low Carbon Bainitic Steel Produced by CSP · Why and How Lath Martensite Was ...

414

Application of the CALPHAD method for ferritic boiler steels  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Application of the CALPHAD method for ferritic boiler steels ... of the CALPHAD method on various questions concerning ferritic boiler steels ...

415

Method to Improve Steel Creep Strength by Alloy Design and ...  

steels in coal-fired boilers • Other high-temperature applications where creep-resistant martensitic steel is required Patent Details

416

Selective Corrosion of Stainless Steel at Low pH  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... and ferrite-austenite-based(22Cr-steel) stainless steel tube for oil & gas wells. ... materials for high CO2 environments, where accidizing resistance is needed.

417

HSLA Steels: Processing, Properties and Applications TABLE OF ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Klaus Hulka and Friedrich Heisterkamp. Development of Niobium-Bearing HSLA and Microalloyed Steels at Anshan Iron and Steel Complex Long Chunman, Fu ...

418

Low-Cycle Fatigue Properties of TRIP Steel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 15, 2006 ... AHSS typically have improved fatigue strength over conventional steels and High Strength Steels (HSS) of similar tensile strength. Sample ...

419

Radiation induced corrosion of steel; Strålningsinducerad korrosion av stål.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The aim of this thesis was to investigate the influence of aqueous radiation induced oxidants on stainless steel. This was done by exposing the steel… (more)

Nilsson, Oskar

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Climate VISION: Private Sector Initiatives: Iron and Steel: GHG...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

GHG Inventory Protocols Principles for a Steel Industry Methodology for Reporting Carbon-Related Energy Sources and Raw Materials (PDF 48 KB) Download Acrobat Reader Steel Industry...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "integrated steel mills" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Project Announced for Clean Energy Manufacturing of Auto Steel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aug 30, 2013 ... Project Announced for Clean Energy Manufacturing of Auto Steel ... to develop a new class of advanced steel for the automotive industry.

422

High Strength Nano-Structured Steel - Energy Innovation Portal  

High Strength Nano-Structured Steel The NanoSteel Company Complex modern challenges are driving new ... sheet design breakthrough for the automotive industry.

423

Process Window Study for Heat Resistant Nanocoated Steel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recently developed weldable nanocoated HPF steel has been tested for process window in this study. Performances of hot press formed steel are tested ...

424

Substitution of modified 9 Cr-1 Mo steel for austentic stainless steels  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the current program to develop a high-strength ferritic-martensitic steel. The alloy is essentially Fe-9% Cr-1% Mo with small additions of V and Nb and is known as modifed 9 Cr-1 Mo steel. Its elevated-temperature properties and design allowable stresses match those of type 304 stainless steel for temperatures up to 600/sup 0/C and exceed those of other ferritic steels by factors of 2 to 3. The improved strength of this alloy permits its use in place of stainless steels for many applications.

Sikka, V. K.

1982-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

New four-dimensional integrals by Mellin-Barnes transform  

SciTech Connect

This paper is devoted to the calculation of a special class of integrals by Mellin-Barnes transform. It contains double integrals in the position space in d=4-2{epsilon} dimensions, where {epsilon} is parameter of dimensional regularization. These integrals contribute to the effective action of the N=4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory. The integrand is a fraction in which the numerator is the logarithm of the ratio of space-time intervals, and the denominator is the product of powers of space-time intervals. According to the method developed in the previous papers, in order to make use of the uniqueness technique for one of two integrations, we shift exponents in powers in the denominator of integrands by some multiples of {epsilon}. As the next step, the second integration in the position space is done by Mellin-Barnes transform. For normalizing procedure, we reproduce first the known result obtained earlier by Gegenbauer polynomial technique. Then, we make another shift of exponents in powers in the denominator to create the logarithm in the numerator as the derivative with respect to the shift parameter {delta}. We show that the technique of work with the contour of the integral modified in this way by using Mellin-Barnes transform repeats the technique of work with the contour of the integral without such a modification. In particular, all the operations with a shift of contour of integration over complex variables of twofold Mellin-Barnes transform are the same as before the {delta} modification of indices, and even the poles of residues coincide. This confirms the observation made in the previous papers that in the position space all the Green's function of N=4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory can be expressed in terms of Usyukina-Davydychev functions.

Allendes, Pedro [Departamento de Fisica, Universidad de Concepcion, Casilla 160-C, Concepcion (Chile); Guerrero, Natanael; Kondrashuk, Igor [Departamento de Ciencias Basicas, Universidad del Bio-Bio, Campus Fernando May, Casilla 447, Chillan (Chile); Notte Cuello, Eduardo A. [Departamento de Matematicas, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de La Serena, Benavente 980, La Serena (Chile)

2010-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

426

Chromizing of 3Cr Steel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Grade 315 steel (Fe-2.9 Cr-1.7 W-0.7 Mo-0.3 Mn-0.3 Si-0.2 V-0.1 Ni-0.13 C-0.01 N) was chromized by the halide-activated pack cementation (HAPC) process. Key process parameters, i.e., coating temperatures and pack compositions, were investigated. Ammonium chloride-activated packs in the 700-1000 C range produced coatings nominally in the 1-8 {micro}m range, as determined by optical and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Coatings applied in the 900-1000 C temperature range resulted in Cr-rich coatings. The predominant phase in the coating was identified as Cr23C6 by X-ray diffraction. In addition, the presence of chromium nitride, Cr2N, was observed in the coating. The power generation industry is faced with an ever-increasing demand for energy while simultaneously having to reduce carbon emissions. These goals can be facilitated by increasing plant efficiency through the use of higher operating temperatures and pressures. Traditional construction materials, e.g., the ferritic Grade 22 high strength low alloy steel, are limited to operations below {approx} 550 C. Therefore, new materials are required for future plants designed to operate up to 650 C and possibly higher. These new materials need to have improved tensile strength, ductility, toughness, corrosion resistance, and creep properties at elevated temperatures. Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) is investigating the oxidation and creep behavior of various coatings on Grade 315 steel (Fe-2.9 Cr-1.7 W-0.7 Mo-0.3 Mn-0.3 Si-0.2 V-0.1 Ni-0.13 C-0.01 N), a super-bainitic steel developed for superior creep properties. Thin, chemical vapor-deposited (CVD) aluminide coatings were used to compensate for the reduced corrosion and oxidation resistance that resulted from the low chromium content of the alloy. However, the aluminized Grade 315 alloys performed less-than-favorably under conditions relevant to fossil boilers, leading to the conclusion that higher chromium contents are required for the formation of corrosion-resistant oxide scales in these environments. The halide activated pack cementation (HAPC) process offers a promising low-cost and versatile alternative to CVD as a means of improving corrosion resistance via formation of a protective Cr-containing coating.

Ravi, Vilupanur [California State Polytechnic University, Pomona (Cal Poly Pomona); Harrison, Bradley [California State Polytechnic University, Pomona (Cal Poly Pomona); Koch, Jordan [California State Polytechnic University, Pomona (Cal Poly Pomona); Ly, Alexander [California State Polytechnic University, Pomona (Cal Poly Pomona); Schissler, Andrew [California State Polytechnic University, Pomona (Cal Poly Pomona); Pint, Bruce A [ORNL; Haynes, James A [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Method for welding chromium molybdenum steels  

SciTech Connect

Chromium-molybdenum steels exhibit a weakening after welding in an area adjacent to the weld. This invention is an improved method for welding to eliminate the weakness by subjecting normalized steel to a partial temper prior to welding and subsequently fully tempering the welded article for optimum strength and ductility.

Sikka, Vinod K. (Clinton, TN)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Method for welding chromium molybdenum steels  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Chromium-molybdenum steels exhibit a weakening after welding in an area adjacent to the weld. This invention is an improved method for welding to eliminate the weakness by subjecting normalized steel to a partial temper prior to welding and subsequently fully tempering the welded article for optimum strength and ductility.

Sikka, V.K.

1985-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

429

Radon-222 emissions and control practices for licensed uranium mills and their associated tailings piles. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The report is organized into five main sections. The conclusions of the effort are summarized in Chapter 2. A general description of current milling and tailings management practices and a summary of the site-specific characteristics of operating and standby uranium mills are contained in Chapter-3. The sources and emission rates of radon-222 at licensed mills and their associated tailings piles are contained in Chapter 4 along with the results of an effort to develop generic procedures to estimate radon-222 emissions for milling operations and tailings disposal. Control practices that are being or could be applied to the milling operation and tailings disposal areas and their estimated cost and effectiveness in reducing radon-222 emissions are presented in Chapter 5. The appendices contain detailed information on mill site data and emission estimates.

Not Available

1985-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Remedial action plan and site design for stabilization of the inactive uranium mill tailings site at Tuba City, Arizona: Phase 2, Construction, Subcontract documents: Appendix E, final report. [Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This appendix discusses Phase II construction and subcontract documents uranium mill site near Tuba City, Arizona. It contains the bid schedule, special conditions, specifications, and subcontract drawings.

Not Available

1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Recycling steel from grinding swarf  

SciTech Connect

Two cleaning processes have been investigated for removing contaminants (cutting oil with phosphorus ester) from high speed steel (HSS) griding swarf. One process uses an aqueous surfactant washing technique, and the second process uses supercritical carbon dioxide (SCCO{sub 2}) extraction. Both technical and preliminary financial analysis are performed to have a better evaluation of these two competing cleaning technologies. Bench scale aqueous washings have shown that the required phosphorus removal is easily obtained, but a sufficient oil removal is more difficult. The experimental results also indicate a strong dependence of the aqueous washing efficiency on the choice of a suitable surfactant. SCCO{sub 2} extraction at 80 C and 340 atm shows that approximately 80% of the oil can be removed from swarf during a 60-minute process to produce a batch of recyclable steel, and that the phosphorus removal also reaches the required level. The cost of processing swarf using either aqueous surfactant washing or SCCO{sub 2} extraction in a 3,000,000 lbs per year plant is analyzed and the market forces impacting the feasibility of recycling on a commercial basis are reviewed. Commercial scale recycling is, in part, dependent upon resolution of regulatory uncertainty on the definition of swarf. States regulating swarf as hazardous provide a significant financial incentive to recycle. In states that regulate swarf as a solid waste, low disposal costs provide a disincentive that must be balanced with the possible hidden, future liabilities of landfill disposal.

Fu, H.; Matthews, M.A.; Warner, L.S. [Univ. of South Carolina, Columbia, SC (United States)

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

432

Energy Analysis of a Kraft Pulp Mill: Potential for Energy Efficiency and Advanced Biomass Cogeneration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy use at a Kraft pulp mill in the United States is analyzed in detail. Annual average process steam and electricity demands in the existing mill are 19.3 MMBtu per ADST and 687 kWh per ADST, respectively. This is relatively high by industry standards. The mill meets nearly all its electricity needs with a back-pressure steam turbine. Higher electricity to heat ratios is an industry wide trend and anticipated at the mill. The potential for self-sufficiency in energy using only black liquor and bark available on-site is assessed based on the analysis of the present energy situation and potential process changes. The analysis here suggests that steam and electricity demand could be reduced by 89% by operating consistently at high production rates. Process modifications and retrofits using commercially proven technologies could reduce steam and electricity demand to as low as 9.7 MMBtu per ADST, a 50% reduction, and 556 kWh per ADST, a 19% reduction, respectively. Electricity demand could increase to about 640 kWh per ADST due to closed-cycle operation of the bleach plant and other efforts to improve environmental performance. The retrofitted energy efficient mill with low environmental impact could be self-sufficient in steam and electricity using conventional technology, such as a back pressure steam turbine or a condensing extraction steam turbine. In addition to meeting mill energy demand, about 1,000 kWh per ADST would be available for export from the mill if gasification/combined cycle technology were used instead.

Subbiah, A.; Nilsson, L. J.; Larson, E. D.

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Final report: Research project chemical milling of counterbore recesses in the uranium wall of Zircaloy-2 clad uranium tubes  

SciTech Connect

This report discusses the development of an etchant composition to chemically mill counterbore recesses in each end of the uranium walls of Zircaloy-2 clad uranium tubes.

Atkins, D.C. [United States Chemical Milling Corp., Manhattan Beach, CA (United States)

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Performance Assessment and Recommendations for Rejuvenation of a Permeable Reactive Barrier: Cotter Corporation’s Cañon City, Colorado, Uranium Mill  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Performance Assessment and Recommendations for Rejuvenation of a Permeable Reactive Barrier: Cotter Corporation’s Canon City, Colorado, Uranium Mill (April 2005)

435

Processing of a Duplex Stainless Steel by Equal Channel Angular ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Overview of Microstructural Models Applied to Hot Rolling Mill for Long ... Study of Composite Materials Application for Horizontal Axis Wind Turbine Blades.

436

Recent Developments in High Strength Steels for Energy Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... energy sectors which includes conventional oil/natural gas, shale gas, and wind energy. ... Development of API X70 on a Thin-Slab Casting and Rolling Mill.

437

Work Hardening Characteristics of TWIP Steel Cold Rolling and ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Overview of Microstructural Models Applied to Hot Rolling Mill for Long ... Study of Composite Materials Application for Horizontal Axis Wind Turbine Blades.

438

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY WEIRTON STEEL CORPORATION FOR AN ADVANCE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

18 '93 14:45 FROM DOE-IPC-CHICFGO TO RGCP-HQ PRGE.002 18 '93 14:45 FROM DOE-IPC-CHICFGO TO RGCP-HQ PRGE.002 * 9 STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY WEIRTON STEEL CORPORATION FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC PATENT RIGIITS FOR INVENTIONS DEVELOPED UNDER DOE CONTRACT NO. DE-FCO7- 92ID13162, RELATING TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF AN INTEGRATED SCHEDULNG AND LOGISTICS SYSTEM FOR THE DOMESTIC METALS INDUSTRY; W(A)93-009, CH-0760. In the report of the House Committee on appropriations relating to the Department of Interior and Related Agencies Appropriations Act of 1991 (Public Law 101-512), DOE was requested to develop an integrated manufacturing information system (IMIS) for the steel industry. Accordingly, DOE, acting through its Office of Industrial Processes under the Assistant Secretary for Conservation and Renewable

439

Microsoft Word - GTC 2003 - Manuscript Final.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(non integration). The V94.22K gas turbines are proven with syngas produced from coal or refinery residues as well as with steel-mill recovery gas and allow extraction of process...

440

High Performance Low-density High-Mn Steels  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, Materials Science & Technology 2013. Symposium, Advanced Steel Metallurgy: Design, Processing, and Technological ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "integrated steel mills" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

NREL: Energy Systems Integration - Energy Systems Integration...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Systems Integration Facility Newsroom The Energy Systems Integration Facility (ESIF) will be one of the only megawatt-scale test facilities in the United States that...

442

NREL: Transmission Grid Integration - Solar Integration National...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of the Western Wind and Solar Integration Study and Eastern Wind Integration and Transmission Study datasets greatly advanced the modeling of wind and solar power production...

443

NREL: Transmission Grid Integration - Wind Integration Datasets  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Wind Integration Datasets The Wind Integration Datasets provide energy professionals with a consistent set of wind profiles for the eastern United States and the western United...

444

Annual status report on the Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Program  

SciTech Connect

This fourteenth annual status report for the Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project Office summarizes activities of the Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Surface (UMTRA-Surface) and Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Groundwater (UMTRA-Groundwater) Projects undertaken during fiscal year (FY) 1992 by the US Department of Energy (DOE) and other agencies. Project goals for FY 1993 are also presented. An annual report of this type was a statutory requirement through January 1, 1986, pursuant to the Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act (UMTRCA) of 1978, Public Law (PL) 95-604. The DOE will continue to submit annual reports to DOE-Headquarters, the states, tribes, and local representatives through Project completion in order to inform the public of the yearly Project status. The purpose of the remedial action is to stabilize and control the tailings and other residual radioactive material (RRM) located on the inactive uranium processing sites in a safe and environmentally sound manner, and to minimize or eliminate potential health hazards. Commercial and residential properties near designated processing sites that are contaminated with material from the sites, herein referred to as ``vicinity properties (VP),`` are also eligible for remedial action. Included in the UMTRA Project are 24 inactive uranium processing sites and associated VPs located in 10 states, and the VPs associated with the Edgemont, South Dakota, uranium mill currently owned by the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) (Figure A.1, Appendix A).

Not Available

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Asymptotically Free Yang-Mills Classical Mechanics with Self-Linked Orbits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We construct a classical mechanics Hamiltonian which exhibits spontaneous symmetry breaking akin the Coleman-Weinberg mechanism, dimensional transmutation, and asymptotically free self-similarity congruent with the beta-function of four dimensional Yang-Mills theory. Its classical equations of motion support stable periodic orbits and in a three dimensional projection these orbits are self-linked into topologically nontrivial, toroidal knots. The non-perturbative structure of four dimensional Yang-Mills theory continues to be the subject of extensive investigations. A major goal is the understanding of large distance properties such as color confinement, mass gap and the glueball spectrum. The Yang-Mills theory has also a number of well established salient features like ultraviolet asymptotic freedom and the presence of finite action instantons. Here we shall introduce a classical mechanics Hamiltonian which contains many incredients of the four dimensional Yang-Mills field theory, even though it is defined in a four dimensional phase space. These include asymptotically free self-similarity with a coupling constant that flows like the one loop coupling constant of four dimensional Yang-Mills theory, dimensional transmutation, and spontaneous symmetry breaking akin the Coleman-Weinberg mechanism. Furthermore, we find that its Hamilton’s equations support stable periodic

M. Lübcke; A. J. Niemi; K. Torokoff

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Optimizing the Utility System of a Tissue Paper Mill Using Pinch Technology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A tissue paper mill in southern California had existing utility demands of 7.1 MW for the tissue mill (13 MW for the whole site), and 55 MM Btu/hr of fuel gas for the steam boiler. Total utility costs were $12 MM per year. The mill was seriously considering an 11 MW cogeneration system as a means of reducing operating costs. The expected benefits of the cogeneration project were $5.5 MM/yr of savings for an investment of $9 MM. A "pinch" study of the mill was initiated by SCE, with the customer's consent, to explore viable alternative projects that would result in comparable savings at equal or better payback and lower risk. The study identified a group of ten inter-related projects, including process heat recovery, a waste heat boiler and a 2.5 MW gas turbine. Combined savings were $4.5 MM/yr (37% of existing bill) at an estimated capital cost of $6.6 MM. The recommended approach was considered more attractive by the paper mill than the original plan because: (a) the benefits were obtained in a number of different areas -reduced fuel use, reduced power cost, reduced water makeup, reduced wastewater discharge to sewer, and reduced solid wastes to landfill (b) the smaller projects involved lower technical and economic risk, and were easier to implement.

Kumana, J. D.; Sung, R. D.

1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Preliminary assessment of off-season fuels for electricity generation at Indian sugar mills  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report on off-season fuels is part of a preliminary feasibility assessment to retrofit Indian sugar mills to cogenerate heat and power with sales of excess electricity to the local grid. To justify the high capital costs of retrofitting existing facilities, sugar mill operators must attempt to maximize the amount of power they sell to the local grid. This fact means that sugar mills must operate and sell power well-beyond the milling season, which typically lasts about 200 days. The purpose of this report is to assess and determine whether low cost and reliable sources of off-season fuels can be secured for two sugar mills (Simbhaoli and Daurala) within their respective sugar growing districts, located in western Uttar Pradesh. Off-season fuels under consideration include excess bagasse that is stored for off-season use, agricultural field residues (e.g., wheat straw), forest residues (e.g., bark and small limbs), and dedicated energy crops (short-rotation woody crops and herbaceous energy crops). Results of the pre-feasibility indicate that bagasse and some agricultural residues are available in sufficient quantity and may be available at reasonable cost.

Perlack, R.D. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Ranney, J.W. [Joint Inst. for Energy and Environment, Knoxville, TN (United States)

1995-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

448

Similarities and differences in the microstructure of attritor-milled Fe-Al-N compositions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Although numerous studies of high-energy, ball-milled metal powders have been conducted, to date few studies have characterized the mechanical processing of identical elemental compositions of prealloyed powders and of powder blends. This study reports on the mechanical processing (attritor ball milling) in argon and nitrogen gas environments of (a) iron powder and prealloyed iron–2 wt.% aluminum powder, and (b) iron-aluminum, iron-aluminum nitride, and iron-iron nitride powder blends. When nitrogen was milled into iron particles either from nitride powder or by gas infusion, the nitrogen dissolved interstitially in bcc-Fe (principally at the grain boundaries) or was present as bct-Fe nanoparticles at the bcc-Fe nanograin boundaries. The resulting nitrogen distribution was independent of how the nitrogen was added. Milled blends of iron and aluminum powder and prealloyed iron-aluminum powder resulted in similar microstructures: micrometer size particles with similar nanograin size. The aluminum in the blended powder mixture developed an ultrafine distribution on the grain boundaries, but it did not become uniformly distributed within the bcc-Fe grains. In contrast, the aluminum in prealloyed Fe–Al powder remained in solid solution during the mechanical milling.

Rawers, J.C.; Cook, D.C. (Old Dominion U., Norfolk, VA)

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

CRAD, Nuclear Facility Construction - Structural Steel, May 29, 2009 |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Steel, May 29, Steel, May 29, 2009 CRAD, Nuclear Facility Construction - Structural Steel, May 29, 2009 May 29, 2009 Nuclear Facility Construction - Structural Steel (HSS CRAD 64-16, Rev. 0) Nuclear Facility Construction - Structural Steel criteria, review, and approach document, observes construction activities and review records and design documentation to assess the quality of structural steel fabrication and erection and to determine if requirements specified by design basis documents, contracts, and applicable codes and standards have been met. CRAD, Nuclear Facility Construction - Structural Steel, May 29, 2009 More Documents & Publications CRAD, Nuclear Facility Construction - Structural Concrete, May 29, 2009 CRAD, Nuclear Facility Construction - Mechanical Equipment - June 26, 2012

450

Hot-Work Tool Steels  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 9   Recommended heat-treating practices for hot-work tool steels...1600 â?¦ O, A 58â??59 6F6 Not rec 845 (pack) 1550 (peak) (p) (p) 196 650â??705 (1200â??1300) (q) 925â??955 (q) 1700â??1750 (q) â?¦ O (r) (s) 6F7 845â??870 (1550â??1600) 670 1240 22 40 260â??300 730 (1350) 915 1675 â?¦ A 54â??55 6H1 Not rec 845 1550 22 (t) 40 (t) 202â??235 760â??790 (1400â??1450) 900â??940 1650â??1725 â?¦ A 48â??49 6H2...

451

Recycle of radiologically contaminated austenitic stainless steels  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The United States Department of Energy owns large quantities of radiologically contaminated austenitic stainless steel which could by recycled for reuse if appropriate release standards were in place. Unfortunately, current policy places the formulation of a release standard for USA industry years, if not decades, away. The Westinghouse Savannah River Company, Idaho National Engineering Laboratory and various university and industrial partners are participating in initiative to recycle previously contaminated austenitic stainless steels into containers for the storage and disposal of radioactive wastes. This paper describes laboratory scale experiments which demonstrated the decontamination and remelt of stainless steel which had been contaminated with radionuclides.

Imrich, K.J.; Leader, D.R.; Iyer, N.C.; Louthan, M.R. Jr.

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Tritiated Water Interaction with Stainless Steel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Experiments conducted to study tritium permeation of stainless steel at ambient and elevated temperatures revealed that HT converts relatively quickly to HTO. Further, the HTO partial pressure contributes essentially equally with elemental tritium gas in driving permeation through the stainless steel. Such permeation appears to be due to dissociation of the water molecule on the hot stainless steel surface. There is an equilibrium concentration of HTO vapor above adsorbed gas on the walls of the experimental apparatus evident from freezing transients. The uptake process of tritium from the carrier gas involves both surface adsorption and isotopic exchange with surface bound water.

Glen R. Longhurst

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Heavy-section steel irradiation program. Progress report, October 1992--March 1993  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Maintaining the integrity of the reactor pressure vessel (RPV) in a light-water-cooled nuclear power plant is crucial in preventing and controlling severe accidents that have the potential for major contamination release. The RPV is one of only two more safety-related components of the plant for which a duplicate or redundant backup system does not exist. It is therefore imperative to understand and be able to predict the capabilities and limitations of the integrity inherent in the RPV. In particular, it is vital to fully understand the degree of irradiation-induced degradation of the RPV`s fracture resistance that occurs during service. For this reason, the Heavy-Section Steel Irradiation (HSSI) Program has been established at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) under sponsorship of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). The primary goal of this major safety program is to provide a thorough, quantitative assessment of the effects of neutron irradiation on the material behavior (in particular, the fracture toughness properties) of typical pressure-vessel steels as they relate to light-water-reactor pressure-vessel integrity. The program centers on experimental assessments of irradiation-induced embrittlement (including the completion of certain irradiation studies previously conducted by the Heavy-Section Steel Technology Program) augmented by detailed examinations and modeling of the accompanying microstructural changes. Effects of specimen size; material chemistry; product form and microstructure; irradiation fluence, flux, temperature, and spectrum; and postirradiation annealing are being examined on a wide range of fracture properties.

Corwin, W.R.

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Demonstration of Integrated Optimization Software at the Baldwin Energy Complex  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Clean Coal Power Clean Coal Power Initiative (CCPI) contacts Brad tomer Director Office of Major Demonstrations National Energy Technology Laboratory 3610 Collins Ferry Road P.O. Box 880 Morgantown, WV 26507-0880 304-285-4692 brad.tomer@netl.doe.gov George Pukanic Project Manager National Energy Technology Laboratory 626 Cochrans Mill Road P.O. Box 10940 Pittsburgh, PA 15236-0940 412-386-6085 george.pukanic@netl.doe.gov PaRtIcIPant NeuCo, Inc., Boston, MA aDDItIonaL tEaM MEMBERs Dynegy Midwest Generation (host) Demonstration of integrateD optimization software at the BalDwin energy Complex Project Description NeuCo, Inc., of Boston, Massachusetts, has designed and demonstrated new integrated on-line optimization systems at Dynegy Midwest Generation's Baldwin Energy

455

Moab Project Disposes 2 Million Tons of Uranium Mill Tailings with Recovery Act Funds  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

The Moab Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action The Moab Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Project reached its primary American Recovery and Reinvestment Act milestone ahead of schedule on Wednesday with the disposal of 2 million tons of uranium mill tailings. The project had originally planned to ship 2 million tons of tailings with Recovery Act funds. Now, Recovery Act workers are surpass- ing that goal. "Although shipping 2 million tons was the original Recovery Act goal, we are planning to exceed this goal by shipping about 300,000 tons more using savings resulting from efficiencies we've gained in our first 2 years of moving tailings," Moab Federal Project Director Donald Metzler said. The project is using $108 million from the Recovery Act to move the tailings from the banks of the Colorado River by rail to a permanent

456

Monticello Mill Tailings Site Operable Unit I11 Remedial Investigation Addendum1  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Monticello Mill Tailings Site Monticello Mill Tailings Site Operable Unit I11 Remedial Investigation Addendum1 Focused Feasibility Study January 2004 Prepared by U.S. Department of Energy Grand Junction, Colorado Work performed under DOE Contract No. DE-AC1342GJ79491 DOE Task Order No. ST03-205 Document N u m b e r Q0029500 S i g t ~ a t u r e Page Signature Page Monticello Mill Tailings Site Operable Unit I11 Remedial Investigation Addendud Focused Feasibility Study January 2004 Submitted By: Arthur W. Kleinrath, Project Manager U.S. Department of Energy, Grand Junction, Colorado U.S. Department of Energyat Gmnd Junction MMTS OU 111 Remedial Investigation AddendutdFocuscd Feasibilily Study January 2004 Final iii This page intentionally left blank Document Number Q0029500 Contents U.S. Department of Energy at Grand Junction MMTS OU III Remedial Investigation Addendum/Focused Feasibility Study

457

Scientific basis for risk assessment and management of uranium mill tailings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A National Research Council study panel, convened by the Board on Radioactive Waste Management, has examined the scientific basis for risk assessment and management of uranium mill tailings and issued this final report containing a number of recommendations. Chapter 1 provides a brief introduction to the problem. Chapter 2 examines the processes of uranium extraction and the mechanisms by which radionuclides and toxic chemicals contained in the ore can enter the environment. Chapter 3 is devoted to a review of the evidence on health risks associated with radon and its decay products. Chapter 4 provides a consideration of conventional and possible new technical alternatives for tailings management. Chapter 5 explores a number of issues of comparative risk, provides a brief history of uranium mill tailings regulation, and concludes with a discussion of choices that must be made in mill tailing risk management. 211 refs., 30 figs., 27 tabs.

Not Available

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Radiological survey of the inactive uranium-mill tailings at Rifle, Colorado  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Results of radiological surveys of two inactive uranium-mill sites near Rifle, Colorado, in May 1976 are presented. These sites are referred to as Old Rifle and New Rifle. The calculated /sup 226/Ra inventory of the latter site is much higher than at the older mill location. Data on above-ground measurements of gamma exposure rates, surface and near-surface concentration of /sup 226/Ra in soil and sediment samples, concentration of /sup 226/Ra in water, calculated subsurface distribution of /sup 226/Ra, and particulate radionuclide concentrations in air samples are given. The data serve to define the extent of contamination in the vicinity of the mill sites and their immediate surrounding areas with tailings particles. Results of these measurements were utilized as technical input for an engineering assessment of these two sites.

Haywood, F.F.; Jacobs, D.J.; Ellis, B.S.; Hubbard, H.M. Jr.; Shinpaugh, W.H.

1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Assessment of the radiological impact of the inactive uranium-mill tailings at Mexican Hat, Utah  

SciTech Connect

High surface soil concentrations of /sup 226/Ra and high above-ground measurements of gamma-ray intensity in the vicinity of the inactive uranium-mill tailings at Mexican Hat show both wind and water erosion of the tailings. The former mill area, occupied by a trade school at the time of this survey, shows a comparatively high level of contamination, probably from unprocessed ore on the surface of the ore storage area near the location of the former mill buildings. However, the estimated health effect of exposure to gamma rays during a 2000-hr work year in the area represents an increase of 0.1% in the risk of death from cancer. Exposure of less than 600 persons within 1.6 km of the tailings to radon daughters results in an estimated 0.2%/year increase in risk of lung cancer.

Haywood, F.F.; Goldsmith, W.A.; Ellis, B.S.; Hubbard, H.M. Jr.; Fox, W.F.; Shinpaugh, W.H.

1980-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Higgs potential and confinement in Yang-Mills theory on exotic R^4  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that pure SU(2) Yang-Mills theory formulated on certain exotic R^4 from the radial family shows confinement. The condensation of magnetic monopoles and the qualitative form of the Higgs potential are derived from the exotic R^4, e. A relation between the Higgs potential and inflation is discussed. Then we obtain a formula for the Higgs mass and discuss a particular smoothness structure so that the Higgs mass agrees with the experimental value. The singularity in the effective dual U(1) potential has its cause by the exotic 4-geometry and agrees with the singularity in the maximal abelian gauge scenario. We will describe the Yang-Mills theory on e in some limit as the abelian-projected effective gauge theory on the standard R^4. Similar results can be derived for SU(3) Yang-Mills theory on an exotic R^4 provided dual diagonal effective gauge bosons propagate in the exotic 4-geometry.

Torsten Asselmeyer-Maluga; Jerzy Król

2013-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "integrated steel mills" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

SURFACE GENERATION ANALYSIS IN MICRO END-MILLING CONSIDERING THE INFLUENCES OF GRAIN  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Micro end-milling method is a universal micro manufacturing method, which can be used to fabricating complex 3D structures and parts with many materials. But compared with their micrometer order size, their surface roughness quality is not satisfied. In this paper, the different metal phase grains influences are researched, and the micro end-milling process is described while the material is anisotropic. In this paper, the physical characteristics of different grains, especially friction coefficient ? and elastic module E, are very critical to determine the chip formation process and surface generation. The chip is often discontinues because of the grain boundary effect. Through the micro end-milling experiment, the bottom surface results correlate very well with the theory analysis. 1.

Jinsheng Wang

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Swarming, Schooling, Milling: Phase diagram of a data-driven fish school model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We determine the basic phase diagram of the fish school model derived from data by Gautrais etal (PLoS Comp. Biol. 8, e1002678 (2012)), exploring its parameter space beyond the parameter values determined experimentally on groups of barred flagtails (Kuhlia mugil}) swimming in a shallow tank. A modified model is studied alongside the original one, in which an additional frontal preference is introduced in the stimulus/response function to account for the angular weighting of interactions. Our study, mostly limited to groups of moderate size (in the order of 100 individuals), focused not only on the transition to schooling induced by increasing the swimming speed, but also on the conditions under which a school can exhibit milling dynamics and the corresponding behavioral transitions. We show the existence of a transition region between milling and schooling, in which the school exhibits multistability and intermittency between schooling and milling for the same combination of individuals parameters. We also s...

Calovi, Daniel S; Ngo, Sandrine; Sire, Clément; Chaté, Hugues; Theraulaz, Guy

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

DOE Awards Contract for Moab Mill Tailings Cleanup | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Moab Mill Tailings Cleanup Moab Mill Tailings Cleanup DOE Awards Contract for Moab Mill Tailings Cleanup November 4, 2011 - 12:00pm Addthis Media Contact Bill Taylor bill.taylor@srs.gov 803-952-8564 Cincinnati- The Department of Energy (DOE) announced today that it has awarded a competitive small business contract worth $121.2 million over the next five years as part of the Department's continued efforts to protect the Colorado River and downstream water users by removing uranium tailings at the former Atlas uranium-ore processing facility in Moab, Utah. Portage, Inc., a small business based in Idaho Falls, Idaho, will be leading the new contract. "The Moab project has the potential of being one of the Department of Energy's most successful environmental cleanup projects," Donald

464

Mass Market Demand Response and Variable Generation Integration Issues: A Scoping Study  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mass Market Demand Response and Mass Market Demand Response and Mass Market Demand Response and Mass Market Demand Response and Variable Generation Integration Issues: Variable Generation Integration Issues: Variable Generation Integration Issues: Variable Generation Integration Issues: A Scoping Study A Scoping Study Peter Cappers, Andrew Mills, Charles Goldman, Ryan Wiser, Joseph H. Eto Report Summary October 2011 Energy Analysis Department  Electricity Markets and Policy Group 1 1 Presentation Overview Presentation Overview  Objectives and Approach  Variable Generation Resources and the Bulk Power System  Demand Response Opportunities  Demand Response as a Strategy to Integrate p gy g Variable Generation Resources  Comparison of Various Strategies to Integrate Variable Generation  Conclusions Energy Analysis Department  Electricity Markets and Policy Group

465

Selection of Electrodes Relative to Steel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 7   Composition of low-alloy steel solid electrodes (AWS A5.23-90)...is intended for welds in the core belt region of nuclear

466

Kobe Steel Ltd Kobelco | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kobe Steel Ltd Kobelco Kobe Steel Ltd Kobelco Jump to: navigation, search Name Kobe Steel Ltd (Kobelco) Place Kobe-shi, Hyogo, Japan Zip 651-8585 Sector Solar Product Japanese steel manufacturer; manufactures PV modules after forming a licensing agreeemnet with RWE Solar. Coordinates 34.757332°, 135.106766° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":34.757332,"lon":135.106766,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

467

PRESSURE VESSEL FABRICATION USING T-1 STEEL  

SciTech Connect

The fabrication of pressure vessels using C-l steel is described. The welding, welding electrodes, explosionbulge test, and impact and fatigue properties for the pressure vessel are given. (W.L.H.)

Franco-Ferreira, E.A.

1957-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

468

High Manganese Steels - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 20, 2010 ... Mechanical Behavior and Microstructural Evolution of Fe-22Mn-C TWIP/TRIP Steels as a Function of C Content: Eileen Yang1; Hatem Zurob1; ...

469

Microstructure of Super-duplex Stainless Steels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in duplex stainless steels by solution heat treatment at or above ferritisation tem- peratures, specimens were quenched into iced water after different holding times at 1300 QC. The results are discussed in the chapters that follow. In another series...

Sharafi, Shahriar

1993-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

470

Case hardenable nickel-cobalt steel  

SciTech Connect

An advanced secondary hardening carburized Ni--Co steel achieves an improved case hardness of about 68-69 Rc together with nominal core hardness of about 50 Rc.

Qian, Yana (Sunnyvale, CA); Olson, Gregory B. (Evanston, IL)

2012-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

471

Weld Simulation in X100 Pipeline Steel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, The effect of gas metal arc weld (GMAW) parameters on the coarse-grain heat-affect zone (CGHAZ) of X100 pipeline steel has been studied by ...

472

Gaseous Hydrogen Embrittlement of Pipeline Steels  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, The tensile properties of x52, x65, x80 and x100 pipeline steels have been measured in a high pressure (13.6 MPa), high purity, hydrogen gas ...

473

Pulp and Paper Mills: Profiting for Efficient Motor System Use | ENERGY  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Pulp and Paper Mills: Profiting for Efficient Motor System Use Pulp and Paper Mills: Profiting for Efficient Motor System Use Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In This Section Campaigns Commercial building design Communications resources Energy management guidance Financial resources Portfolio Manager Products and purchasing Recognition Research and reports Service and product provider (SPP) resources

474

Microsoft Word - PS-MST-MILLING-2012-05-22.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

71.doc 1 (03/2012) 71.doc 1 (03/2012) BROOKHAVEN NATIONAL LABORATORY MACHINE SHOP SAFE WORK PRACTICES EVALUATION FORM Dept./Div.: PS______ Machine: PhoSci MSJPM Milling Machine (PS-MST-MILLING) Machine Shop Supervisor's Name(s): Employee Name: _________________________________ Life Number: Competencies Date Completed Evaluated By (Initials) Comments 1. State BNL policy for use of eye protection in machine shops. 2. Identify main disconnect for tool and explain the requirement for access to it. 3. Identify all controls and describe their functions. 4. Identify all machine guards and describe their functions. 5. Explain the process when defects are found. 6. Demonstrate safe work practices while performing

475

311221," Wet Corn Milling",0,0,"X",0  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3 Relative Standard Errors for Table 11.3;" 3 Relative Standard Errors for Table 11.3;" " Unit: Percents." " "," ",,,"Renewable Energy" " "," ",,,"(excluding Wood" "NAICS"," ","Total Onsite",,"and" "Code(a)","Subsector and Industry","Generation","Cogeneration(b)","Other Biomass)(c)","Other(d)" ,,"Total United States" 311,"Food",2.8,1.1,86.8,37.8 3112," Grain and Oilseed Milling",0.7,0.7,"X",0 311221," Wet Corn Milling",0,0,"X",0 31131," Sugar Manufacturing",0,0,"X",0 3114," Fruit and Vegetable Preserving and Specialty Foods ",1.2,1.2,"X",44.1

476

Vibration mills in the manufacturing technology of slurry fuel from unbeneficiated coal sludge  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Coal-water slurry fuel (CWSF) is economically viable provided that its ash content does not exceed 30% and the amount water in the fuel is at most 45%. Two impoundments were revealed that have considerable reserves of waste coal useful for commercial manufacture of CWSF without the beneficiation step. One of the CWSF manufacture steps is the comminution of coal sludge to have a particle size required by the combustion conditions. Vibration mills, which are more compact and energy-intensive that drum mills, can be used in the CWSG manufacture process. The rheological characteristics of CWSF obtained from unbeneficiated waste coal were determined.

E.G. Gorlov; A.I. Seregin; G.S. Khodakov [Institute for Fossil Fuels, Moscow (Russia)

2008-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

477

Optimal Cluster Mill Pass Scheduling With an Accurate and Rapid New Strip Crown Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Besides the requirement to roll coiled sheet at high levels of productivity, the optimal pass scheduling of cluster-type reversing cold mills presents the added challenge of assigning mill parameters that facilitate the best possible strip flatness. The pressures of intense global competition, and the requirements for increasingly thinner, higher quality specialty sheet products that are more difficult to roll, continue to force metal producers to commission innovative flatness-control technologies. This means that during the on-line computerized set-up of rolling mills, the mathematical model should not only determine the minimum total number of passes and maximum rolling speed, it should simultaneously optimize the pass-schedule so that desired flatness is assured, either by manual or automated means. In many cases today, however, on-line prediction of strip crown and corresponding flatness for the complex cluster-type rolling mills is typically addressed either by trial and error, by approximate deflection models for equivalent vertical roll-stacks, or by non-physical pattern recognition style models. The abundance of the aforementioned methods is largely due to the complexity of cluster-type mill configurations and the lack of deflection models with sufficient accuracy and speed for on-line use. Without adequate assignment of the pass-schedule set-up parameters, it may be difficult or impossible to achieve the required strip flatness. In this paper, we demonstrate optimization of cluster mill pass-schedules using a new accurate and rapid strip crown model. This pass-schedule optimization includes computations of the predicted strip thickness profile to validate mathematical constraints. In contrast to many of the existing methods for on-line prediction of strip crown and flatness on cluster mills, the demonstrated method requires minimal prior tuning and no extensive training with collected mill data. To rapidly and accurately solve the multi-contact problem and predict the strip crown, a new customized semi-analytical modeling technique that couples the Finite Element Method (FEM) with classical solid mechanics was developed to model the deflection of the rolls and strip while under load. The technique employed offers several important advantages over traditional methods to calculate strip crown, including continuity of elastic foundations, non-iterative solution when using predetermined foundation moduli, continuous third-order displacement fields, simple stress-field determination, and a comparatively faster solution time.

Malik, Arif S.; Grandhi, Ramana V. [Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, Wright State University, 3640 Col. Glenn Hwy., Dayton, OH 45435 (United States); Zipf, Mark E. [Intergrated Industrial Systems, Inc., 475 Main St., Yalesville, CT 06492 (United States)

2007-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

478

The S-matrix and graviton self-energy in quantum Yang-Mills gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The S-matrix, its unitarity and the graviton self-energy at the one-loop level are discussed on the basis of quantum Yang-Mills gravity with the translational gauge symmetry in flat space-time. The unitarity and gauge invariance of the S-matrix in a class of gauge conditions is preserved by massless ghost vector particles, called `Feynman-DeWitt-Mandelstam' (FDM) ghosts, in quantum Yang-Mills gravity. Using dimensional regularization, the graviton self-energy are explicitly calculated with a general gauge condition. The resultant divergence of graviton self-energy at the one-loop level resembles to that in quantum electrodynamics.

Jong-Ping Hsu; Sung Hoon Kim

2012-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

479

Field and modeling study of windblown particles from a uranium mill tailings pile  

SciTech Connect

An extensive field study whose primary objective was to obtain knowledge and understanding of the nature and quantity of windblown particles from uranium mill tailings piles was conducted in the Ambrosia Lake District of New Mexico. The following major field tasks were undertaken: determination of physical, chemical, and radioactivity characteristics of mill tailings particles; an investigation of the nature and quantity of tailings particles in soil in the vicinity of tailings piles; and the determination of the nature and flux of particles being transported by wind as a function of wind speed and height. Results of the field study are presented. Particle size distributions and associated radioactivity were measured.

Schwendiman, L.C.; Sehmel, G.A.; Horst, T.W.; Thomas, C.W.; Perkins, R.W.

1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Surface Project: Project plan. Revision 1  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act of 1978 (UMTRCA) [Public Law (PL) 95-604, 42 United States Code (USC) 7901], hereinafter referred to as the ``Act,`` authorizes the US Department of Energy (DOE) to stabilize and control surface tailings and ground water contamination. To fulfill this mission, the DOE has established two projects under the Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project Office. The Ground Water Project was established in April 1991 as a major project and a separate project plan will be prepared for that portion of the mission. This project plan covers the UMTRA Surface Project, a major system acquisition (MSA).

Not Available

1993-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "integrated steel mills" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

High-Strength Low-Alloy Steels  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 2 Summary of characteristics and intended uses of HSLA steels described in ASTM specifications...le 485 MPa (70 ksi) High-pressure gas and oil transmission lines A 871 High-strength low-alloy steel with atmospheric corrosion resistance V, Nb, Ti, Cu, Mo, Cr As-rolled plate le 35 mm (1 [MathExpression] in.) in thickness Atmospheric-corrosion resistance four

482

Nondestructive Evaluation: Cast Austenitic Stainless Steel Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report documents the status of a project that was initiated in part to support the Change Initiative associated with PWR Stainless Steel NDE Capability and Performance Demonstration Initiative, but it also falls in line with a project funded through the Electric Power Research Institute's (EPRI's) Technical Innovation program. This multiyear and multifaceted project addresses important issues dealing with cast stainless steel and other emerging industry needs. The first objective of the project is t...

2011-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

483

Nondestructive Evaluation: Cast Austenitic Stainless Steel Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report documents the status of a project that was initiated in part to support the Change Initiative associated with the PWR Stainless Steel Nondestructive Evaluation Capability and Performance Demonstration Initiative and also falls in line with a project currently funded through the Electric Power Research Institute EPRI Program on Technology Innovation. This multiyear, multifaceted project addresses important issues dealing with cast stainless steel and other emerging industry needs. The first ob...

2010-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

484

Atmospheric emissions of one pulp and paper mill. contribution to the air quality of Viana do Castelo  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One of the most sensitive environmental impact of the pulp and paper mills is associated with the atmospheric pollution namely with sulphur compounds, particulate matter and nitrogen oxides. The study undertaken aimed to evaluate the influence of one ... Keywords: air pollution modelling, kraft pulp and paper mill, urban air pollution

Lígia T. Silva; José F. G. Mendes

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

A Low-Noise, Microprocessor-Controlled, Internally Digitizing Rotating-Vane Electric Field Mill for Airborne Platforms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper reports on a new generation of aircraft-based rotating-vane-style electric field mills designed and built at NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center. The mills have individual microprocessors that digitize the electric field signal at the ...

M. G. Bateman; M. F. Stewart; S. J. Podgorny; H. J. Christian; D. M. Mach; R. J. Blakeslee; J. C. Bailey; D. Daskar

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Tool fabrication system for micro/nano milling—function analysis and design of a six-axis Wire EDM machine  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

fabrication system for micro/nano milling—function analysisselected. Keywords Micro/nano milling . Wire EDM . FunctionJapan 1 Introduction Micro/nano machining is requisite by

Cheng, X.; Wang, Z. G.; Kobayashi, S.; Nakamoto, K.; Yamazaki, K.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Microstructural studies of advanced austenitic steels  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report presents the first complete microstructural and analytical electron microscopy study of Alloy AX5, one of a series of advanced austenitic steels developed by Maziasz and co-workers at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, for their potential application as reheater and superheater materials in power plants that will reach the end of their design lives in the 1990's. The advanced steels are modified with carbide forming elements such as titanium, niobium and vanadium. When combined with optimized thermo-mechanical treatments, the advanced steels exhibit significantly improved creep rupture properties compared to commercially available 316 stainless steels, 17--14 Cu--Mo and 800 H steels. The importance of microstructure in controlling these improvements has been demonstrated for selected alloys, using stress relaxation testing as an accelerated test method. The microstructural features responsible for the improved creep strengths have been identified by studying the thermal aging kinetics of one of the 16Ni--14Cr advanced steels, Alloy AX5, in both the solution annealed and the solution annealed plus cold worked conditions. Time-temperature-precipitation diagrams have been developed for the temperature range 600 C to 900 C and for times from 1 h to 3000 h. 226 refs., 88 figs., 10 tabs.

Todd, J. A.; Ren, Jyh-Ching [University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA (USA). Dept. of Materials Science

1989-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

488

Integrable theories in any dimension: a perspective  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We review the developments of a recently proposed approach to study integrable theories in any dimension. The basic idea consists in generalizing the zero curvature representation for two-dimensional integrable models to space-times of dimension $d+1$ by the introduction of a $d$-form connection. The method has been used to study several theories of physical interest, like self-dual Yang-Mills theories, Bogomolny equations, non-linear sigma models and Skyrme-type models. The local version of the generalized zero curvature involves a Lie algebra and a representation of it, leading to a number of conservation laws equal to the dimension of that representation. We discuss the conditions a given theory has to satisfy in order for its associated zero curvature to admit an infinite dimensional (reducible) representation. We also present the theory in the more abstract setting of the space of loops, which gives a deeper understanding and a more simple formulation of integrability in any dimension.

Orlando Alvarez; L. A. Ferreira; J. Sanchez Guillen

1999-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

489

Integrable theories in any dimension: a perspective  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We review the developments of a recently proposed approach to study integrable theories in any dimension. The basic idea consists in generalizing the zero curvature representation for two-dimensional integrable models to space-times of dimension d+1 by the introduction of a d-form connection. The method has been used to study several theories of physical interest, like self-dual Yang-Mills theories, Bogomolny equations, non-linear sigma models and Skyrme-type models. The local version of the generalized zero curvature involves a Lie algebra and a representation of it, leading to a number of conservation laws equal to the dimension of that representation. We discuss the conditions a given theory has to satisfy in order for its associated zero curvature to admit an infinite dimensional (reducible) representation. We also present the theory in the more abstract setting of the space of loops, which gives a deeper understanding and a more simple formulation of integrability in any dimension.

Alvarez, Orlando [Department of Physics, University of Miami, P.O. Box 248046, Coral Gables, Florida 33124 (United States); Ferreira, L. A. [Instituto de Fisica Teorica-IFT/UNESP, Rua Pamplona 145, 01405-900 Sao Paulo-SP (Brazil); Guillen, J. Sanchez [Departamento de Fisica de Particulas, Facultad de Fisica, Universidad de Santiago, E-15706 Santiago de Compostela (Spain)

1999-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

490

Tensile-property characterization of thermally aged cast stainless steels  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effect of thermal aging on tensile properties of cast stainless steels during service in light water reactors has been evaluated. Tensile data for several experimental and commercial heats of cast stainless steels are presented. Thermal aging increases the tensile strength of these steels. The high-C Mo-bearing CF-8M steels are more susceptible to thermal aging than the Mo-free CF-3 or CF-8 steels. A procedure and correlations are presented for predicting the change in tensile flow and yield stresses and engineering stress-vs.-strain curve of cast stainless steel as a function of time and temperature of service. The tensile properties of aged cast stainless steel are estimated from known material information, i.e., chemical composition and the initial tensile strength of the steel. The correlations described in this report may be used for assessing thermal embrittlement of cast stainless steel components.

Michaud, W.F.; Toben, P.T.; Soppet, W.K.; Chopra, O.K. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Progress Towards Optimizing the PETSc Numerical Toolkit on the Richard Tran Mills, Eduardo F. D'Azevedo, and Mark R. Fahey  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Progress Towards Optimizing the PETSc Numerical Toolkit on the Cray X1 Richard Tran Mills, Eduardo-implicit code for multiphase groundwater (Darcy) flow and reactive transport coauthored by Richard Mills performance tests. About the authors Richard Tran Mills is a Computational Scientist at the Center

492

EMPLACEMENT DRIFT INVERT-LOW STEEL EVALUATION  

SciTech Connect

This technical report evaluates and develops options for reducing the amount of steel in the emplacement drift invert. Concepts developed in the ''Invert Configuration and Drip Shield Interface'' were evaluated to determine material properties required for the proposed invert concepts. Project requirements documents prescribe the use of a carbon steel frame for the invert with a granular material of crushed tuff as ballast. The ''Invert Configuration and Drip Shield Interface'' developed three concepts: (1) All-Ballast Invert; (2) Modified Steel Invert with Ballast; and (3) Steel Tie with Ballast Invert. Analysis of the steel frame members, runway beams, and guide beams, for the modified steel invert with ballast, decreased the quantity of steel in the emplacement drift invert, however a substantial steel support frame for the gantry and waste package/pallet assembly is still required. Use of one of the other two concepts appears to be an alternative to the steel frame and each of the concepts uses considerably less steel materials. Analysis of the steel tie with ballast invert shows that the bearing pressure on the ballast under the single steel tie, C 9 x 20, loaded with the waste package/pallet assembly, drip shield, and backfill exceeds the upper bound of the allowable bearing capacity for tuff used in this study. The single tie, C 10 x 20, will also fail for the same loading condition except for the tie length of 4.2 meters and longer. Analysis also shows that with two ties, C 9 or 10 x 20's, the average ballast pressure is less than the allowable bearing capacity. Distributing the waste package/pallet, drip shield, and backfill loads to two steel ties reduces the contact bearing pressure. Modifying the emplacement pallet end beams to a greater width, reducing the tie spacing, and increasing the width of the ties would ensure that the pallet beams are always supported by two steel ties. Further analysis is required to determine compatible tie size and spacing and pallet beam width. Testing is also required to determine the bearing capacity of the tuff materials. Analysis of the all-ballast invert shows that the waste package/pallet assembly, as currently designed, can be supported by the compacted crushed tuff. The drip shield and related backfill loads cannot be supported by the compacted crushed tuff because of the narrow base angle that currently supports the drip shield. Increasing the width of the base angle of the drip shield will better distribute the drip shield and backfill load to the compacted crushed tuff. Testing is required to determine the bearing capacity of the tuff materials. Emplacement/retrieval equipment will also require analysis and development to be compatible with the all-ballast invert.

M. E. Taylor and D. H. Tang

2000-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

493

CERTIFICATION DOCKET FOR BETHLEHEM STEEL CORPORATION LACKAWANNA, NEW YORK  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

BETHLEHEM STEEL CORPORATION BETHLEHEM STEEL CORPORATION LACKAWANNA, NEW YORK Department of Energy Office of Nuclear Energy Office of Terminal Waste Disposal and Remedial Action Division of Remedial Action Projects CONTENTS Introduction to the Certification Docket for Bethlehem Steel Corporation, Lackawanna, New York Purpose Docket Contents Exhibit I: Summary of Activities at the Bethlehem Steel Corporation, Lackawanna, New York Exhibit II: Documents Supporting the Certification of the Bethlehem Steel Corporation, Lackawanna, New York Page 1 1 2 I-l II- 1 _- . . . 111 Certification Docket Bethlehem Steel Corporation Lackawanna, New York Introduction The Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Nuclear Energy, Office of Terminal Waste Disposal and Remedial Action, Division of Remedial Action

494

Hydrogen permeability and Integrity of hydrogen transfer pipelines  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

permeability and Integrity permeability and Integrity of hydrogen transfer pipelines Team: Sudarsanam Suresh Babu, Z. Feng, M. L. Santella and S. A. David (Oak Ridge National Laboratory, M&C Division - Steels, Welding & Computational Mechanics) J. G. Blencoe and Larry. M. Anovitz (Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Chemical Sciences Division - High Pressure Permeation Testing) P. S. Korinko (Savannah River National Laboratory - Low Pressure Permeation Testing) Hydrogen Pipeline R&D, Project Review Meeting Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831-6096 January 2005 Acknowledgements Bill Bruce of Edison Welding Institute, Columbus, Ohio (After-service pipeline materials) Ms. M. A. Quintana of Lincoln Electric Company, Cleveland, Ohio (Fe-C-Al-Mn steel welds) David Hursley

495

Hidden symmetries induced by a canonical transformation and gauge structure of compactified Yang-Mills theories  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Compactified Yang-Mills theories with one universal extra dimension were found [arXiv:1008.4638] to exhibit two types of gauge invariances: the standard gauge transformations (SGTs) and the nonstandard gauge transformations (NSGTs). In the present work we show that these transformations are not exclusive to compactified scenarios. Introducing a notion of hidden symmetry, based on the fundamental concept of canonical transformation, we analyse three different gauge systems, each of which is mapped to a certain effective theory that is invariant under the so-called SGTs and NSGTs. The systems under discussion are: (i) four dimensional pure $SU(3)$ Yang-Mills theory, (ii) four dimensional $SU(3)$ Yang-Mills with spontaneous symmetry breaking, and (iii) pure Yang-Mills theory with one universal compact extra dimension. The canonical transformation, that induces the notion of hidden symmetry, maps objects with well defined transformation laws under a gauge group $G$ to well defined objects under a non-trivial subgroup $H \\subset G$. In the case where spontaneous symmetry breaking is present, the set of SGTs corresponds to the group into which the original gauge group is broken into, whereas the NSGTs are associated to the broken generators and can be used to define the unitary gauge. For the system (iii), the SGTs coincide with the gauge group $ SU(N,\\cal{M}^{4}) $, whereas the NSGTs do not form a group; in this system the 'fundamental' theory and the effective one are shown to be classically equivalent.