While these samples are representative of the content of NLE

they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.

We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLE

to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.

1

ITER Construction--Plant System Integration

This brief paper introduces how the ITER will be built in the international collaboration. The ITER Organization plays a central role in constructing ITER and leading it into operation. Since most of the ITER components are to be provided in-kind from the member countries, integral project management should be scoped in advance of real work. Those include design, procurement, system assembly, testing, licensing and commissioning of ITER.

Tada, E. [ITER Organization Cadarache Center, 13108 St Paul lez Durance (France); Matsuda, S. [Japan Atomic Energy Research Agency, 100-0011, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo (Japan)

2009-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

2

Iterative solution of differential equations

We discuss alternative iteration methods for differential equations. We provide a convergence proof for exactly solvable examples and show more convenient formulas for nontrivial problems.

Paolo Amore; Hakan Ciftci; Francisco M. Fernandez

2006-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

3

Iterative solutions to the Dirac equation

We consider a single particle which is bound by a central potential and obeys the Dirac equation in d dimensions. We first apply the asymptotic iteration method to recover the known exact solutions for the pure Coulomb case. For a screened-Coulomb potential and for a Coulomb plus linear potential with linear scalar confinement, the method is used to obtain accurate approximate solutions for both eigenvalues and wave functions.

Hakan Ciftci; Richard L. Hall; Nasser Saad

2005-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

4

Key issues in ITER diagnostics: Problems and solutions (invited)

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The key problems associated with designing diagnostic systems for the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) are identified and representative solutions are described. The plans for dealing with some outstanding issues are briefly presented. The detailed work is specific to the ITER

A. E. Costley; Members of the ITER Joint Central Team and Home Teams

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Volkov solution for two laser beams and ITER

We find the solution of the Dirac equation for two plane waves (laser beams) and we determine the modified Compton formula for the scattering of two photons on an alectron. The practical meaning of the two laser beams is, that two laser beams impinging on a targed which is constituted from material in the form of a foam, can replace 100-200 laser beams impinging on a normal targed. It means that the nuclear fusion with two laser beams is realistic in combination with the nuclear reactor such as ITER.

Miroslav Pardy

2005-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

6

Volkov solution for two laser beams and ITER

We find the solution of the Dirac equation for two plane waves (laser beams) and we determine the modified Compton formula for the scattering of two photons on an alectron. The practical meaning of the two laser beams is, that two laser beams impinging on a targed which is constituted from material in the form of a foam, can replace 100-200 laser beams impinging on a normal targed. It means that the nuclear fusion with two laser beams is realistic in combination with the nuclear reactor such as ITER.

Pardy, M

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Implementing the Gaia Astrometric Global Iterative Solution (AGIS) in Java

This paper provides a description of the Java software framework which has been constructed to run the Astrometric Global Iterative Solution for the Gaia mission. This is the mathematical framework to provide the rigid reference frame for Gaia observations from the Gaia data itself. This process makes Gaia a self calibrated, and input catalogue independent, mission. The framework is highly distributed typically running on a cluster of machines with a database back end. All code is written in the Java language. We describe the overall architecture and some of the details of the implementation.

O'Mullane, William; Lindegren, Lennart; Hernandez, Jose; Hobbs, David

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Reformulation of nonlinear integral magnetostatic equations for rapid iterative convergence

The integral equations of magnetostatics, conventionally given in terms of the field variables M and H, are reformulated with M and B. Stability criteria and convergence rates of the eigenvectors of the linear iteration matrices are evaluated. The relaxation factor ..beta.. in the MH approach varies inversely with permeability ..mu.., and nonlinear problems with high permeability converge slowly. In contrast, MB iteration is stable for ..beta.. < 2, and nonlinear problems converge rapidly, at a rate essentially independent of ..mu... For a permeability of 10/sup 3/, the number of iterations is reduced by two orders of magnitude over the conventional method, and at higher permeabilities the reduction is proportionally greater. The dependence of MB convergence rate on ..beta.., degree of saturation, element aspect ratio, and problem size is found numerically. An analytical result for the MB convergence rate for small nonlinear problems is found to be accurate for ..beta..less than or equal to1.2. The results are generally valid for two- and three-dimensional integral methods and are independent of the particular discretization procedures used to compute the field matrix.

Bloomberg, D.S.; Castelli, V.

1985-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Iterative solutions to large sparse finite element equations

Iterative methods are widely used to solve sparse linear systems due to the improvements which can be achieved in reducing the solution time and increasing the size of the problem which can be solved on a given computer compared to traditional direct solvers. The theory behind the convergence rate relationship and storage requirements for the preconditioned conjugate gradient methods using the diagonal scaling, incomplete Cholesky decomposition and SSOR preconditioners is explained in detail in this study. Sparse matrix storage techniques, such as profile, element-by-element, and compact row storage, are described along with the redefined matrix operations for each storage technique which must be used to eliminate the operations on zero elements. A procedure to directly assemble the global stiffness in compact row storage format from element stiffness matrices is introduced. Numerical studies have been performed to compare the storage requirements, the convergence rate, and the solution time for the direct and PCG methods using various storage formats. Effects of different material properties and external loading on the convergence rate and solution time are also analyzed. The test problems for this study are based on the three-dimensional linear elasticity finite element equations. The physical memory of 64 MB of RAM of the IBM RISC/6000 Model 355 workstation was the limiting factor for the size of the sparse linear system that could be solved in this study. The diagonal preconditioned conjugate gradient method with the compact row storage has solved a three-dimensional finite element problem up to a maximum of 50,000 equations on an IBM RISC/6000 Model 355 workstation with 64 MB of RAM. To apply adaptive mesh refinement on certain regions of a coarse mesh, the modeling error over a coarse mesh must be estimated. This thesis will show that the modeling error from an intermediate unconverged coarse mesh solution will closely match the modeling error from the converged solution. This result may lead to quicker solution times for a highly accurate mesh based on adaptive mesh refinement iterative methods.

Wang, Hongbing

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Integrated Solutions in Chemistry

Paths best traveled Choose from a portfolio of comprehensive, interlinked, intuitive and accessible chemistry resources Paths best traveled Choose from a comprehensive portfolio of interlinked, intuitive and accessible resources www.info.sciencedirect.com/solutions www.elsevier.com/chemistrysolutions ELSEVIER’S

unknown authors

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Iterative Solutions for Low Lying Excited States of a Class of Schroedinger Equation

The convergent iterative procedure for solving the groundstate Schroedinger equation is extended to derive the excitation energy and the wave function of the low-lying excited states. The method is applied to the one-dimensional quartic potential problem. The results show that the iterative solution converges rapidly when the coupling $g$ is not too small.

R. Friedberg; T. D. Lee; W. Q. Zhao

2006-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

12

Iterative Solution for Generalized Sombrero-shaped Potential in $N$-dimensional Space

An explicit convergent iterative solution for the lowest energy state of the Schroedinger equation with generalized $N$-dimensional Sombrero-shaped potential is presented. The condition for the convergence of the iteration procedure and the dependence of the shape of the groundstate wave function on the parameters are discussed.

W. Q. Zhao

2007-12-25T23:59:59.000Z

13

On the Green's function and iterative solutions of Loop Quantum Cosmology

Here we shall find the green's function of the difference equation of loop quantum cosmology. To illustrate how to use it, we shall obtain an iterative solution for closed model and evaluate its corresponding Bohmian trajectory.

Fatimah Shojai; Ali Shojai

2006-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

14

A comparative study of iterative solutions to linear systems arising in quantum mechanics

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study is mainly focused on iterative solutions with simple diagonal preconditioning to two complex-valued nonsymmetric systems of linear equations arising from a computational chemistry model problem proposed by Sherry Li of NERSC. Numerical experiments show the feasibility of iterative methods to some extent when applied to the problems and reveal the competitiveness of our recently proposed Lanczos biconjugate A-orthonormalization methods to other classic and popular iterative methods. By the way, experiment results also indicate that application specific preconditioners may be mandatory and required for accelerating convergence.

Jing Yanfei, E-mail: yanfeijing@uestc.edu.c [School of Mathematical Sciences/Institute of Computational Science, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu, Sichuan 611731 (China); Huang Tingzhu, E-mail: tzhuang@uestc.edu.c [School of Mathematical Sciences/Institute of Computational Science, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu, Sichuan 611731 (China); Duan Yong, E-mail: duanyong@yahoo.c [School of Mathematical Sciences/Institute of Computational Science, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu, Sichuan 611731 (China); Carpentieri, Bruno, E-mail: b.carpentieri@rug.n [Institute of Mathematics and Computing Science, University of Groningen, Nijenborgh 9, P.O. Box 407, 9700 AK Groningen (Netherlands)

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

On Iterative Solution for Linear Complementarity Problem with an $H_{+}$-Matrix

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The numerous applications of the linear complementarity problem (LCP) in, e.g., the solution of linear and convex quadratic programming, free boundary value problems of fluid mechanics, and moving boundary value problems of economics make ... Keywords: $H_+$-matrices, $M$-matrices, $P$-matrices, (block) modulus algorithm, LCP, iterative schemes, modified AOR method, modulus-based matrix splitting iteration methods, real positive definite matrices, scaled extrapolation, strictly diagonally dominant matrices

A. Hadjidimos; M. Lapidakis; M. Tzoumas

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

An iterative solution to the four-peg Tower of Hanoi problem

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One of the variations of the Towers of Hanoi puzzle allows for p pegs, and for four pegs the solution to this variation is shown to have a simple structure which can be used to derive an iterative solution to the problem.

Appie van de Liefvoort

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

A multiperiod MINLP model for offshore oilfield infrastructure planning is presented where nonlinear reservoir behavior is incorporated directly into the formulation. Discrete decisions include the selection of production platforms, well platforms and wells to be installed/drilled, as well as the drilling schedule for the wells over the planning horizon. Continuous decisions include the capacities of the platforms, as well as the production profile for each well in each time period. For the solution of this model, an iterative aggregation/disaggregation algorithm is proposed in which logic-based methods, a bilevel decomposition technique, the use of convex envelopes and aggregation of time periods are integrated. Furthermore, a novel dynamic programming sub-problem is proposed to improve the aggregation scheme at each iteration in order to obtain an aggregate problem that resembles the disaggregate problem more closely. A number of examples are presented to illustrate the performance of the proposed method. Keywords Oilfield planning, MINLP, aggregation, decomposition

Susara A. Van Den Heever; Ignacio Grossmann

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Iterative solution of elliptic difference equations using fast direct methods

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In recent years, fast direct methods have been developed for the numerical solution of the Poisson equation on a rectangle. By taking advantage of the special block structure of the approximating discrete equation on a uniform rectangular mesh, these ...

Paul Concus

1972-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Integrated modelling of steady-state scenarios and heating and current drive mixes for ITER

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent progress on ITER steady-state (SS) scenario modelling by the ITPA-IOS group is reviewed. Code-to-code benchmarks as the IOS group's common activities for the two SS scenarios (weak shear scenario and internal transport barrier scenario) are discussed in terms of transport, kinetic profiles, and heating and current drive (CD) sources using various transport codes. Weak magnetic shear scenarios integrate the plasma core and edge by combining a theory-based transport model (GLF23) with scaled experimental boundary profiles. The edge profiles (at normalized radius rho = 0.8-1.0) are adopted from an edge-localized mode-averaged analysis of a DIII-D ITER demonstration discharge. A fully noninductive SS scenario is achieved with fusion gain Q = 4.3, noninductive fraction f(NI) = 100%, bootstrap current fraction f(BS) = 63% and normalized beta beta(N) = 2.7 at plasma current I(p) = 8MA and toroidal field B(T) = 5.3 T using ITER day-1 heating and CD capability. Substantial uncertainties come from outside the radius of setting the boundary conditions (rho = 0.8). The present simulation assumed that beta(N)(rho) at the top of the pedestal (rho = 0.91) is about 25% above the peeling-ballooning threshold. ITER will have a challenge to achieve the boundary, considering different operating conditions (T(e)/T(i) approximate to 1 and density peaking). Overall, the experimentally scaled edge is an optimistic side of the prediction. A number of SS scenarios with different heating and CD mixes in a wide range of conditions were explored by exploiting the weak-shear steady-state solution procedure with the GLF23 transport model and the scaled experimental edge. The results are also presented in the operation space for DT neutron power versus stationary burn pulse duration with assumed poloidal flux availability at the beginning of stationary burn, indicating that the long pulse operation goal (3000s) at I(p) = 9 MA is possible. Source calculations in these simulations have been revised for electron cyclotron current drive including parallel momentum conservation effects and for neutral beam current drive with finite orbit and magnetic pitch effects.

Murakami, Masanori [ORNL; Park, Jin Myung [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents the fast preconditioned iterative solution to large sparse linear systems arising from the application of Newton and quasi-Newton methods to fully coupled elastohydrodynamic lubrication line and point contact problems. The new blockwise ... Keywords: Elastohydrodynamic lubrication, Finite element method, Fully coupled approach, Linear elasticity, Multigrid, Preconditioned GMRES

Sarfraz Ahmed; Christopher E. Goodyer; Peter K. Jimack

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

While these samples are representative of the content of NLE

they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.

We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLE

to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.

21

Progress in design and integration of the ITER Electron Cyclotron H&CD system

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Electron Cyclotron system for ITER is an in-kind procurement shared between five parties and the total installed power will be 24 MW, corresponding to a nominal injected power of 20 MW to the plasma, with a possible upgrade up to 48 MW (corresponding to 40 MW injected). Some critical issues have been raised and changes are proposed to simplify these procurements and to facilitate the integration into ITER. The progress in the design and the integration of the EC system into the whole project is presented in this paper, as well as some issues still under studies and some recommendations made by external expert committees.

Darbos, Caroline [ITER Joint Work Site, Cadarache; Henderson, Mark [ITER Joint Work Site, Cadarache; Kobayashi, N. [ITER Joint Work Site, Cadarache; Albajar, F. [Fusion for Energy (F4E), Barcelona, Spain; Bonicelli, T. [Fusion for Energy (F4E), Barcelona, Spain; Saibene, G. [Fusion for Energy (F4E), Barcelona, Spain; Bigelow, Timothy S [ORNL; Rasmussen, David A [ORNL; Chavan, R. [EPFL, Lausanne, Switzerland; Fasel, D. [EPFL, Lausanne, Switzerland; Hogge, J. P. [EPFL, Lausanne, Switzerland; Denisov, G. G. [Russian Academy of Science, Novgorod, Russia; Heidinger, R. [Institut fur Materialforschung II, Karlsruhe, Germany; Piosczyk, B. [Institut fur Materialforschung II, Karlsruhe, Germany; Thumm, M. [Institut fur Materialforschung II, Karlsruhe, Germany; Rao, S. L. [Institute for Plasma Research, Gandhinagar, India; Sakamoto, K. [Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA), Naka; Takahaski, K. [Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA), Naka; Thumm, M. [Universituet Karlsruhe, Germany

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Coulomb Sturmians are used to calculate the ground state of H{sub 2}{sup +}. The required multicenter integrals are calculated to very high accuracy in momentum space. Differential cross sections describing electron scattering from the ground state of H{sub 2}{sup +} are then calculated using the finite element method. The solution of the resulting linear algebraic problem is accomplished using the iterative-variational method.

Weatherford, C.A.

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this note, the authors address the practical issue of selecting appropriate stopping criteria for iterative solutions to the elliptic pressure equation arising in nonoscillatory, forward-in-time Eulerian and semi-Lagrangian anelastic fluid ...

Piotr K. Smolarkiewicz; Vanda Grubis?i?; Len G. Margolin

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Integrated Dynamic Electron Solutions, Inc. | Department of Energy

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Integrated Dynamic Electron Solutions, Inc. America's Next Top Energy Innovator Challenge 333 likes Integrated Dynamic Electron Solutions, Inc. Lawrence Livermore National...

25

Integrated Energy Solutions LLC | Open Energy Information

Integrated Energy Solutions LLC Integrated Energy Solutions LLC Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Integrated Energy Solutions LLC Name Integrated Energy Solutions LLC Address 11900 College Blvd, Ste 210 Place Overland Park, Kansas Zip 66210-3939 Product Bio-Coal TM Technology Year founded 2009 Number of employees 1-10 Phone number +1 913 231 2942 Website http://www.inensol.com Coordinates 38.928082Â°, -94.7242Â° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.928082,"lon":-94.7242,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

26

Integrating Variable Renewable Energy: Challenges and Solutions

In the U.S., a number of utilities are adopting higher penetrations of renewables, driven in part by state policies. While power systems have been designed to handle the variable nature of loads, the additional supply-side variability and uncertainty can pose new challenges for utilities and system operators. However, a variety of operational and technical solutions exist to help integrate higher penetrations of wind and solar generation. This paper explores renewable energy integration challenges and mitigation strategies that have been implemented in the U.S. and internationally, including forecasting, demand response, flexible generation, larger balancing areas or balancing area cooperation, and operational practices such as fast scheduling and dispatch.

Bird, L.; Milligan, M.; Lew, D.

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

This is the manual for version 1.1 of Iterate, a powerful iteration macro for Common Lisp. Iterate is similar to Loop but provides numerous additional features, is well integrated with Lisp, and is extensible.

Amsterdam, Jonathan

1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

The Role of Solution Architects in Systems Integration

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Merging different types of architects in a solution architecture group provides a single point of responsibility for the entire systems solution. Keywords: systems integration, architecture, design

Rakesh Tandon

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

The dynamics of elastocapillary thinning in high molecular weight polymer solutions are re-examined using high-speed digital video microscopy. At long times, the evolution of the viscoelastic thread deviates from self-similar exponential decay and competition of elastic, capillary and inertial forces leads to the formation of a periodic array of beads connected by axially-uniform ligaments. This configuration is itself unstable and successive instabilities propagate from the necks connecting the beads and ligaments. This iterated process results in the development of multiple generations of beads in agreement with predictions of Chang et al. (1999), although experiments yield a different recursion relation between successive generations. At long times, finite extensibility truncates the iterated instability and axial translation of the bead arrays along the interconnecting threads leads to progressive coalescence before rupture of the fluid column.

Monica S. N. Oliveira; Gareth H. McKinley

2005-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

30

Integrating Variable Renewable Energy: Challenges and Solutions

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

LLC This report is available at no cost from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) at www.nrel.govpublications. Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308 Integrating Variable...

31

CIB White Paper on IDDS Integrated Design & Delivery Solutions

CIB White Paper on IDDS Integrated Design & Delivery Solutions Publication 328 ISBN 978-90-6363-060-7 #12;CIB White Paper on IDDS Page 1 of 15 CIB White Paper on IDDS Integrated Design & Delivery White Paper on IDDS Page 2 of 15 Table of Contents Introduction and Use of this White Paper

Amor, Robert

32

The transient extensional rheology and the dynamics of elastocapillary thinning in aqueous solutions of polyethylene oxide (PEO) are studied with high-speed digital video microscopy. At long times, the evolution of the ...

Oliveira, Monica S. N.

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Integrated Dynamic Electron Solutions, Inc. | Department of Energy

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Integrated Integrated Dynamic Electron Solutions, Inc. America's Next Top Energy Innovator Challenge 333 likes Integrated Dynamic Electron Solutions, Inc. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Dynamic Transmission Electron Microscopes DTEM reveal unprecedented details of the mechanisms underlying a host of nanoscale systems that are at the core of our current and future energy economy. A vast and growing number of materials utilized in the energy sector rely on nanostructured materials and their unique dynamic behaviors. DTEM offers researchers the ability to directly interrogate these materials at time and length scales that to-date have either been impossible to access or required the use of multi-billion dollar synchrotrons. DTEM will fundamentally change the approach to basic and applied research in the

34

Integrated Dynamic Electron Solutions, Inc. | Department of Energy

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Integrated Integrated Dynamic Electron Solutions, Inc. America's Next Top Energy Innovator Challenge 333 likes Integrated Dynamic Electron Solutions, Inc. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Dynamic Transmission Electron Microscopes DTEM reveal unprecedented details of the mechanisms underlying a host of nanoscale systems that are at the core of our current and future energy economy. A vast and growing number of materials utilized in the energy sector rely on nanostructured materials and their unique dynamic behaviors. DTEM offers researchers the ability to directly interrogate these materials at time and length scales that to-date have either been impossible to access or required the use of multi-billion dollar synchrotrons. DTEM will fundamentally change the approach to basic and applied research in the

35

Integrated Dynamic Electron Solutions, Inc. | Department of Energy

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Integrated Integrated Dynamic Electron Solutions, Inc. America's Next Top Energy Innovator Challenge 333 likes Integrated Dynamic Electron Solutions, Inc. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Dynamic Transmission Electron Microscopes DTEM reveal unprecedented details of the mechanisms underlying a host of nanoscale systems that are at the core of our current and future energy economy. A vast and growing number of materials utilized in the energy sector rely on nanostructured materials and their unique dynamic behaviors. DTEM offers researchers the ability to directly interrogate these materials at time and length scales that to-date have either been impossible to access or required the use of multi-billion dollar synchrotrons. DTEM will fundamentally change the approach to basic and applied research in the

36

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... iter=element->node_iterator(); !iter.end(); ++iter) { Node *node = iter.node(); // do something ... node returns a pointer to the iterator's current Node . ...

2013-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

37

ITER Divertor System Integration

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Divertor and High Heat Flux Components / Eighteenth Topical Meeting on the Technology of Fusion Energy (Part 1)

A. Martin et al.

38

This paper introduces interruptible iterators, a language feature that makes expressive iteration abstractions much easier to implement. Iteration abstractions are valuable for software design, as shown by their frequent use in well-designed data structure libraries such as the Java Collections Framework. While Java iterators support iteration abstraction well from the standpoint of client code, they are awkward to implement correctly and efficiently, especially if the iterator needs to support imperative update of the underlying collection, such as removing the current element. Some languages, such as CLU and C # 2.0, support iteration through a limited coroutine mechanism, but these mechanisms do not support imperative updates. Interruptible iterators are more powerful coroutines in which the loop body is able to interrupt the iterator with requests to perform updates. Interrupts are similar to exceptions, but propagate differently and have resumption semantics. Interruptible iterators have been implemented as part of the JMatch programming language, an extended version of Java. A JMatch reimplementation of the Java Collections Framework shows that implementations can be made substantially shorter and simpler; performance results show that this language mechanism can also be implemented efficiently.

Jed Liu; Aaron Kimball; Andrew C. Myers

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Consortium for Electric Reliability Technology Solutions Integrated Assessment of

described in this paper coordinated by the Consortium of Electricity Reliability Technology Solutions

40

Positive solutions for a class of boundary-value problems with integral boundary conditions

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper investigates the existence and multiplicity of positive solutions for a class of nonlinear boundary-value problems of fourth-order differential equations with integral boundary conditions. The arguments are based upon a specially constructed ... Keywords: Boundary-value problem, Existence, Fixed-point theorem, Integral boundary conditions, Positive solution

Xuemei Zhang; Weigao Ge

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

While these samples are representative of the content of NLE

they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.

We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLE

to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.

41

Core Information Model: A Practical Solution to Costly Integration Problems

as a whole. Thus, an enterprise information model is critical to CIM. A missing element in many CIM, CIM-OSA [3]), which are recommended by international standards communities as an economical way is then fully engineered to integrate with a generic, basic CIM data model developed from industrial scenarios

Hsu, Cheng

42

Integrable, molecular-type solutions of the extended Skyrme-Faddeev model

We construct molecular type vortex solutions in the integrable sector of the extended Skyrme-Faddeev (ESF) model.The solutions are a holomorphic type which satisfies the zero curvature condition.For some constrained values of the coupling constants, special vortex solutions exist.For other values, special forms of the potential are employed for the stability of the molecular type solution.The solutions satisfy the zero curvature condition, and then they necessarily have an infinite number of conserved current. We numerically check their existence in terms of the simulated annealing method.

Nobuyuki Sawado; Yuta Tamaki

2013-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

43

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Vehicle Testing and Integration Facility Vehicle Testing and Integration Facility Integrated PEV Charging Solutions and Reduced Energy for Occupant Comfort Plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) offer the opportunity to shift transportation energy demands from petroleum to electricity, but broad adoption will require integration with other systems. While automotive experts work to reduce the cost of PEVs, fossil- fueled cars and trucks continue to burn hundreds of billions of gallons of petroleum each year-not only to get from point A to point B, but also to keep passengers comfortable with air condi- tioning and heat. At the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), three instal- lations form a research laboratory known as the Vehicle Testing and Integration Facility (VTIF). At the VTIF, engineers are develop-

44

Integrated Dynamic Electron Solutions, Inc. | Department of Energy

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Element One, Inc. Element One, Inc. National Renewable Energy Laboratory 191524 likes Element One, based in Boulder, Colorado, has created the only available coatings that change color when detecting hydrogen and other hazardous gas leaks, either reversibly or non-reversibly, to provide both current and historical information about leaks. Element One's patented gas indicators and sensors use catalyzed thin films or nanoparticles of a transition metal oxide to create very low cost sensors for use in industrial and consumer environments, greatly reducing the potential for undetected leaks and their cost and safety implications. This technology is also being integrated for use in refineries, industry gas and fuel cells systems and was developed using technology from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory.

45

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY GED INTEGRATED SOLUTIONS FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

GED INTEGRATED SOLUTIONS FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER GED INTEGRATED SOLUTIONS FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF PATENT RIGHTS TO INVENTIONS MADE UNDER COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT DE-EE000167; W(A)-09-050 ; CH-1513 GED Integrated Solutions requests an advance waiver of domestic and foreign patent rights for all subject inventions made un'der the referenced cooperative agreement. The purpose of the cooperative agreement is to design, develop, and commercialize a high volume, low material, and low labor cost lnsulating Glass Automation Manufacturing System (IGAMS) for production of reliable highly insulating windows. The work includes: the development andlor selection of highly insulating windows in various configurations; production engineering and tolling design; and, commercialization strategies to maximize market acceptance and penetration. PPG

46

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The behaviour of a solution to a Fredholm integral equation of the second kind on a union of open intervals is examined. The kernel of the corresponding integral operator may have diagonal singularities, information about them is given through certain ... Keywords: 45B05, 45D05, 45M05, Boundary singularities, Compact operators, Fredholm integral equation, Smoothness of the solution, Weakly singular kernel

Arvet Pedas; Gennadi Vainikko

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

The solution to the fractional Schr\\"odinger equation with infinite square well is obtained in this paper, by use of the L\\'evy path integral approach. We obtain the even and odd parity wave functions of this problem, which are in accordance with those given by Laskin in [Chaos 10 (2000), 780--790].

Dong Jianping

2013-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

48

Iterative Methods for Neutron Transport Eigenvalue Problems

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We discuss iterative methods for computing criticality in nuclear reactors. In general this requires the solution of a generalized eigenvalue problem for an unsymmetric integro-differential operator in six independent variables, modeling transport, scattering, ... Keywords: criticality, generalized eigenvalue problem, inexact inverse iteration, neutron transport, symmetry

Fynn Scheben; Ivan G. Graham

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Analysis of {sup 32}P-labeled solutions using integrated Bremsstrahlung radiation

Phosphorous-32 is a beta-emitting radionuclide (half-life = 14.3 d) with beta energies ranging from 0 to 1710 keV and an average value of 690 keV. The analysis of {sup 32}P in solutions can be effectively accomplished by liquid-scintillation counting [LSC] An alternate and simpler technique utilizes the direct method of counting the aqueous solution by Cerenkov radiation. Although not as efficient as LSC, the advantage of Cerenkov radiation counting, in addition to its direct applicability, is the absence of the organic cocktail and the problems associated with its disposal. A third but esoteric technique is the direct counting of monoisotopically-labeled energetic beta-emitting radionuclide solutions, which utilizes the integration of bremsstrahlung radiation. This technique, although of limited application, can also be done directly without the use of organic cocktail, and can utilize a detector system designed for gammaray-emitting radionuclides.

Lasen, I.L. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory, TN (United States); Mohrbacher, D.A. [Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

50

This Final Scientific/ Technical Report submitted with respect to Project DE-FE0000833 titled 'An Integrated Water Treatment Technology Solution for Sustainable Water Resource Management in the Marcellus Shale' in support of final reporting requirements. This final report contains a compilation of previous reports with the most current data in order to produce one final complete document. The goal of this research was to provide an integrated approach aimed at addressing the increasing water resource challenges between natural gas production and other water stakeholders in shale gas basins. The objective was to demonstrate that the AltelaRain{reg_sign} technology could be successfully deployed in the Marcellus Shale Basin to treat frac flow-back water. That objective has been successfully met.

Matthew Bruff; Ned Godshall; Karen Evans

2011-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

51

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

US ITER Working with US ITER An unprecedented collaboration The international ITER fusion facility is now under construction in Cadarache, France Home | Science & Discovery | US...

52

Integrated PEV Charging Solutions and Reduced Energy for Occupant Comfort (Brochure)

Brochure on Vehicle Testing and Integration Facility, featuring the Vehicle Modification Facility, Vehicle Test Pad and ReCharge Integrated Demonstration System. Plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) offer the opportunity to shift transportation energy demands from petroleum to electricity, but broad adoption will require integration with other systems. While automotive experts work to reduce the cost of PEVs, fossil fueled cars and trucks continue to burn hundreds of billions of gallons of petroleum each year - not only to get from point A to point B, but also to keep passengers comfortable with air conditioning and heat. At the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), three installations form a research laboratory known as the Vehicle Testing and Integration Facility (VTIF). At the VTIF, engineers are developing strategies to address two separate but equally crucial areas of research: meeting the demands of electric vehicle-grid integration and minimizing fuel consumption related to vehicle climate control. Part of NREL's Center for Transportation Technologies and Systems (CTTS), the VTIF is dedicated to renewable and energy efficient solutions. This facility showcases technology and systems designed to increase the viability of sustainably powered vehicles. NREL researchers instrument every class of on-road vehicle, conduct hardware and software validation for electric vehicle (EV) components and accessories, and develop analysis tools and technology for the Department of Energy, other government agencies and industry partners. Research conducted at the VTIF examines the interaction of building energy systems, utility grids, renewable energy sources and PEVs, integrating energy management solutions, and maximizing potential greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction, while smoothing the transition and reducing costs for EV owners. NREL's collaboration with automakers, charging station manufacturers, utilities and fleet operators to assess technologies using VTIF resources is designed to enable PEV communication with the smart grid and create opportunities for vehicles to play an active role in building and grid management. Ultimately, this creates value for the vehicle owner and will help renewables be deployed faster and more economically, making the U.S. transportation sector more flexible and sustainable.

Not Available

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Generalized Integral Transform Technique (GITT) is employed to obtain numerical-analytical solutions for mathematical models that predict the dispersion of dissolved pollutants in rivers, streams and channels with either symmetric or asymmetric flow. ... Keywords: Contaminants dispersion, Environmental impact, Hybrid methods, Integral transforms, Symbolic computation

F. P. J. de Barros; W. B. Mills; R. M. Cotta

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Adaptive iterative multiscale finite volume method

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The multiscale finite volume (MSFV) method is a computationally efficient numerical method for the solution of elliptic and parabolic problems with heterogeneous coefficients. It has been shown for a wide range of test cases that the MSFV results are ... Keywords: Adaptive multiscale method, Elliptic problem, Infrequently localization improvement, Iterative multiscale finite-volume method, Iterative multiscale method, Multiphase flow, Multiscale finite-volume method, Multiscale method, Porous media

Hadi Hajibeygi; Patrick Jenny

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

On the progressive iteration approximation property and alternative iterations

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This note revisits the progressive iteration approximation property and some recent modifications from the point of view of iterative methods for solving linear systems. In particular we show the connection with the classical Richardson iteration and ... Keywords: GMRES, Interpolation, Iterative methods, Progressive iteration approximation

J. M. Carnicer; J. Delgado; J. M. Peña

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Iterated maps for clarinet-like systems

The dynamical equations of clarinet-like systems are known to be reducible to a non-linear iterated map within reasonable approximations. This leads to time oscillations that are represented by square signals, analogous to the Raman regime for string instruments. In this article, we study in more detail the properties of the corresponding non-linear iterations, with emphasis on the geometrical constructions that can be used to classify the various solutions (for instance with or without reed beating) as well as on the periodicity windows that occur within the chaotic region. In particular, we find a regime where period tripling occurs and examine the conditions for intermittency. We also show that, while the direct observation of the iteration function does not reveal much on the oscillation regime of the instrument, the graph of the high order iterates directly gives visible information on the oscillation regime (characterization of the number of period doubligs, chaotic behaviour, etc.).

Pierre-André Taillard; Jean Kergomard; Franck Laloë

2009-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

57

Massively parallel solution of the inverse scattering problem for integrated circuit quality control

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors developed and implemented a highly parallel computational algorithm for solution of the inverse scattering problem generated when an integrated circuit is illuminated by laser. The method was used as part of a system to measure diffraction grating line widths on specially fabricated test wafers and the results of the computational analysis were compared with more traditional line-width measurement techniques. The authors found they were able to measure the line width of singly periodic and doubly periodic diffraction gratings (i.e. 2D and 3D gratings respectively) with accuracy comparable to the best available experimental techniques. They demonstrated that their parallel code is highly scalable, achieving a scaled parallel efficiency of 90% or more on typical problems running on 1024 processors. They also made substantial improvements to the algorithmics and their original implementation of Rigorous Coupled Waveform Analysis, the underlying computational technique. These resulted in computational speed-ups of two orders of magnitude in some test problems. By combining these algorithmic improvements with parallelism the authors achieve speedups of between a few thousand and hundreds of thousands over the original engineering code. This made the laser diffraction measurement technique practical.

Leland, R.W.; Draper, B.L. [Sandia National Labs., NM (United States); Naqvi, S.; Minhas, B. [Univ. of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM (United States). Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences Dept.

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

We give an iterative algorithm for phase estimation of a parameter theta, which is within a logarithmic factor of the Heisenberg limit. Unlike other methods, we do not need any entanglement or an extra rotation gate which can perform arbitrary rotations with almost perfect accuracy: only a single copy of the unitary channel and basic measurements are needed. Simulations show that the algorithm is successful. We also look at iterative phase estimation when depolarizing noise is present. It is seen that the algorithm is still successful provided the number of iterative stages is below a certain threshold.

Caleb J O'Loan

2009-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

59

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

* Assumes 40% efficiency in the conversion of heat to electricity. Modern electric power plant*. 500 Million Watts 2,500 Million Watts 1975 1980 1995 ITER Demo PROGRESS IN...

60

A new iterative approach to solving the transport equation

We present a new iterative approach to solving neutral-particle transport problems. The scheme divides the transport solution into its particular and homogeneous or “source-free” components. The particular problem is solved directly, while the homogeneous problem is found iteratively. To organize the iterative inversion of the homogeneous components, we exploit the structures of the so called Case-modes that compose it. The asymptotic Case-modes, those that vary slowly in space and angle, are assigned to a diffusion solver. The remaining transient Case-modes, those with large spatial gradients, are assigned to a transport solver. The scheme iterates on the contribution from each solver until the particular plus homogeneous solution converges. The iterative method is implemented successfully in slab geometry with isotropic scattering and one energy group. The convergence rate of the method is only weakly dependent on the scattering ratio of the problem. Instead, the rate of convergence depends strongly on the material thickness of the slab, with thick slabs converging in few iterations. The transient solution is obtained by applying a One Cell Inversion scheme instead of a Source Iteration based scheme. Thus, the transient unknowns are calculated with little coordination between them. This independence among unknowns makes our scheme ideally suited for transport calculations on parallel architectures. The slab geometry iterative scheme is adapted to XY geometry. Unfortunately, this attempt to extend the slab geometry iterative scheme to multiple dimensions has not been successful. The exact filtering scheme needed to discriminate asymptotic and transient modes has not been obtained and attempts to approximate this filtering process resulted in a divergent iterative scheme. However, the development of this iterative scheme yield valuable analysis tools to understand the Case-mode structure of any spatial discretization under arbitrary material properties.

Maslowski Olivares, Alexander Enrique

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

While these samples are representative of the content of NLE

they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.

We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLE

to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.

61

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes a systematic approach to developing an energy efficient and cost effective solution for refrigeration, humidity control, indoor air quality, and space heating and cooling for large retail super centers. The report also presents the results of a field demonstration using a newly developed integrated system that achieved significant energy savings and other benefits compared to the state-of-the-art system.

2004-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

62

Multigrid solution of a path integral formulation for the hydrogen atom

An efficient multigrid Monte-Carlo algorithm for calculating the ground state of the hydrogen atom using path integral is presented. The algorithm uses a unigrid approach. The action integral near r=0 is modified so that the correct values of observables are obtained. It is demonstrated that the critical slow down (CSD) is eliminated. Finally, the algorithm is compared to the staging algorithm.

Dov Bai

2004-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

63

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of the In Situ Vitrification (ISV) Integrated Program is to ensure that ISV is a viable alternative for DOE environmental restoration applications. The program focuses ISV development activities upon DOE-wide environmental remediation needs and resolves issues inhibiting timely implementation on DOE sites. currently the ISV Integrated Program is focused on contaminated soil sites but is also resolving some key issues that are common to soils and to potential future applications such as buried waste and underground structures. This paper describes the status and current focus of the ISV Integrated Program.

Buelt, J.L.; Thompson, L.E.

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

19f Integrated Chemical Complex and Cogeneration Analysis System: Energy Conservation Gas, Chemical Complex, Cogeneration Prepared for presentation at the 2002 Annual Meeting, Indianapolis and Cogeneration Analysis System is an advanced technology for energy conservation and pollution prevention

Pike, Ralph W.

65

Iterated multidimensional wave conversion

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mode conversion can occur repeatedly in a two-dimensional cavity (e.g., the poloidal cross section of an axisymmetric tokamak). We report on two novel concepts that allow for a complete and global visualization of the ray evolution under iterated conversions. First, iterated conversion is discussed in terms of ray-induced maps from the two-dimensional conversion surface to itself (which can be visualized in terms of three-dimensional rooms). Second, the two-dimensional conversion surface is shown to possess a symplectic structure derived from Dirac constraints associated with the two dispersion surfaces of the interacting waves.

Brizard, A. J. [Dept. Physics, Saint Michael's College, Colchester, VT 05439 (United States); Tracy, E. R.; Johnston, D. [Dept. Physics, College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, VA 23187-8795 (United States); Kaufman, A. N. [LBNL and Physics Dept., UC Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Richardson, A. S. [T-5, LANL, Los Alamos, NM 87545 (United States); Zobin, N. [Dept. Mathematics, College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, VA 23187-8795 (United States)

2011-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

66

The ITER Project: International Collaboration to Demonstrate...

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ITER Project: International Collaboration to Demonstrate Nuclear Fusion American Fusion News Category: U.S. ITER Link: The ITER Project: International Collaboration to Demonstrate...

67

DomoML: an integrating devices framework for ambient intelligence solutions

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Within an ambient intelligence context, this paper presents an approach to Human Home Interaction through the adoption of the DomoML web service based framework. This framework consists of a suite of XML based languages aiming to describe and interconnect ... Keywords: DomoML, REST, ambient intelligence, devices as services, human home interaction, integration, ontology, web services

Lorenzo Sommaruga; Tiziana Formilli; Nicola Rizzo

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Co-simulation for performance prediction of integrated building and HVAC systems - An analysis performance simulation of buildings and heating, ventilation and air- conditioning (HVAC) systems can help, heating, ventilation and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems are responsible for 10%-60% of the total building

69

Benchmarking ICRF simulations for ITER

Abstract Benchmarking of full-wave solvers for ICRF simulations is performed using plasma profiles and equilibria obtained from integrated self-consistent modeling predictions of four ITER plasmas. One is for a high performance baseline (5.3 T, 15 MA) DT H-mode plasma. The others are for half-field, half-current plasmas of interest for the pre-activation phase with bulk plasma ion species being either hydrogen or He4. The predicted profiles are used by seven groups to predict the ICRF electromagnetic fields and heating profiles. Approximate agreement is achieved for the predicted heating power partitions for the DT and He4 cases. Profiles of the heating powers and electromagnetic fields are compared.

R. V. Budny, L. Berry, R. Bilato, P. Bonoli, M. Brambilla, R.J. Dumont, A. Fukuyama, R. Harvey, E.F. Jaeger, E. Lerche, C.K. Phillips, V. Vdovin, J. Wright, and members of the ITPA-IOS

2010-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

70

Iterations of nonlinear entanglement witnesses

We describe a generic way to improve a given linear entanglement witness by a quadratic, nonlinear term. This method can be iterated, leading to a whole sequence of nonlinear witnesses, which become stronger in each step of the iteration. We show how to optimize this iteration with respect to a given state, and prove that in the limit of the iteration the nonlinear witness detects all states that can be detected by the positive map corresponding to the original linear witness.

Tobias Moroder; Otfried Gühne; Norbert Lütkenhaus

2008-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

71

I describe an iteration macro for Common Lisp that is clear, efficient, extensible, and in excellent taste.

Amsterdam, Jonathan

72

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... handled identically. Every Field , Flux , and Equation class has a function iterator() which returns an IteratorP object. The ...

2013-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

73

PTRANSP Tests Of TGLF And Predictions For ITER

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One of the physics goals for ITER is to achieve high fusion power PDT at a high gain QDT. This goal is important for studying the physics of reactor-relevant burning plasmas. Simulations of plasma performance in ITER can help achieve this goal by aiding in the design of systems such as diagnostics and in planning ITER plasma regimes. Simulations can indicate areas where further research in theory and experiments is needed. To have credible simulations integrated modeling is necessary since plasma profiles and applied heating, torque, and current drive are strongly coupled.

Robert V. Budny, Xingqiu Yuan, S. Jardin, G. Hammett, G. Staebler, members of the ITPA Transport and Confinement Topical Group, and JET EFDA Contributions

2012-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

74

An iterative semi-implicit scheme with robust damping

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An efficient, iterative semi-implicit (SI) numerical method for the time integration of stiff wave systems is presented. Physics-based assumptions are used to derive a convergent iterative formulation of the SI scheme which enables the monitoring and ... Keywords: 52.30Ex, 52.35Hr, 52.35Py, 52.35Vd, 52.65Tt, Dispersive plasma waves, Gyrofluid, Magnetic reconnection, Robust damping, Semi-implicit methods, Symplectic methods

N. F. Loureiro; G. W. Hammett

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Iterative methods for visualization of implicit surfaces on GPU

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The ray-casting of implicit surfaces on GPU has been explored in the last few years. However, until recently, they were restricted to second degree (quadrics). We present an iterative solution to ray cast cubics and quartics on GPU. Our solution targets ...

Rodrigo de Toledo; Bruno Levy; Jean-Claude Paul

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

We apply the monotone domain decomposition iterative method to a nonlinear integro-differential equation of Volterra type and prove its convergence. To do this, by adding a term in both sides of the original equation we make a linear equation to get a monotone domain decomposition iterative scheme and prove the existence, uniqueness and convergence of iterative solutions.

Myong-Gil Rim; Dong-Hyok Kim

2013-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

77

Iterational retiming: Maximize iteration-level parallelism for nested loops

Nested loops are the most critical sections in many scientific and Digital Signal Processing (DSP) applications. It is important to study effective and efficient transformation techniques to increase parallelism for nested loops. In this paper, we propose a novel technique, iterational retiming, that can satisfy any given timing constraint by achieving full parallelism for iterations in a partition. Theorems and efficient algorithms are proposed for iterational retiming. The experimental results show that iterational retiming is a promising technique for parallel embedded systems. It can achieve 87% improvement over software pipelining and 88 % improvement over loop unfolding on average.

Chun Xue; Zili Shao; Meilin Liu; Edwin H. -m. Sha

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

EU signs ITER deal Negotiations on the ITER international nuclear

Korea and the US, the agreement aims to develop a project that will test the feasibility of nuclearEU signs ITER deal Negotiations on the ITER international nuclear fusion project have been parties will contribute up to ten per cent. European Greens, fiercely opposed to nuclear energy, have

79

Princeton Plasma Physics Lab - ITER

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

iter ITER is a large international iter ITER is a large international fusion experiment aimed at demonstrating the scientific and technological feasibility of fusion energy.ITER (Latin for "the way") will play a critical role advancing the worldwide availability of energy from fusion - the power source of the sun and the stars.To produce practical amounts of fusion power on earth, heavy forms of hydrogen are joined together at high temperature with an accompanying production of heat energy. The fuel must be held at a temperature of over 100 million degrees Celsius. At these high temperatures, the electrons are detached from the nuclei of the atoms, in a state of matter called plasma. en New imaging technique provides improved insight into controlling the plasma in fusion experiments

80

US ITER Project Providing a Facility for

US ITER Project Providing a Facility for Burning Plasma Research Ned Sauthoff Project Manager, US to position the US for Burning Plasma Research #12;U.S. ITER / Sauthoff Slide 2 Structure of the Talk... ITER

While these samples are representative of the content of NLE

they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.

We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLE

to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.

81

Rotating Plasma Finding is Key for ITER

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Plasma Finding is Key for ITER Rotating Plasma Finding is Key for ITER PlasmaTurbulenceCSChang.png Tokamak turbulence showing inward-propagating streamers from normalized...

82

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Irregular codes are present in many scientific applications, such as finite element simulations. In these simulations the solution of large sparse linear equation systems is required, which are often solved using iterative methods. The main kernel of ... Keywords: data locality, irregular codes, iterative methods, reordering techniques, semiconductor devices simulation

J.C. Pichel; D.B. Heras; J.C. Cabaleiro; A.J. García-Loureiro; F.F. Rivera

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Rayleigh Quotient Iteration in 3D, Deterministic Neutron Transport

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Today's "grand challenge" neutron transport problems require 3-D meshes with billions of cells, hundreds of energy groups, and accurate quadratures and scattering expansions. Leadership-class computers provide platforms on which high-fidelity fluxes can be calculated. However, appropriate methods are needed that can use these machines effectively. Such methods must be able to use hundreds of thousands of cores and have good convergence properties. Rayleigh quotient iteration (RQI) is an eigenvalue solver that has been added to the Sn code Denovo to address convergence. Rayleigh quotient iteration is an optimal shifted inverse iteration method that should converge in fewer iterations than the more common power method and other shifted inverse iteration methods for many problems of interest. Denovo's RQI uses a new multigroup Krylov solver for the fixed source solutions inside every iteration that allows parallelization in energy in addition to space and angle. This Krylov solver has been shown to scale successfully to 200,000 cores: for example one test problem scaled from 69,120 cores to 190,080 cores with 98% efficiency. This paper shows that RQI works for some small problems. However, the Krylov method upon which it relies does not always converge because RQI creates ill-conditioned systems. This result leads to the conclusion that preconditioning is needed to allow this method to be applicable to a wider variety of problems.

Slaybaugh, R [University of Wisconsin; Evans, Thomas M [ORNL; Davidson, Gregory G [ORNL; Wilson, P. [University of Wisconsin

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

ITER: Image Collections from the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER)

ITER is a large-scale scientific experiment that aims to demonstrate that it is possible to produce commercial energy from fusion. The Q in the formula symbolizes the ratio of fusion power to input power. Q = 10 represents the scientific goal of the ITER project: to deliver ten times the power it consumes. From 50 MW of input power, the ITER machine is designed to produce 500 MW of fusion power - the first of all fusion experiments to produce net energy. During its operational lifetime, ITER will test key technologies necessary for the next step: the demonstration fusion power plant that will prove that it is possible to capture fusion energy for commercial use. The science going on at ITER - and all around the world in support of ITER - will benefit all of mankind. "We firmly believe that to harness fusion energy is the only way to reconcile huge conflicting demands which will confront humanity sooner or later. The issue at stake is how to reconcile the imperative, constantly growing demand of the majority of the world's population to raise their standard of living with the enormous environmental hazards resulting from the present energy supply. In our opinion, the use of fusion energy is a "must" if we want to be serious about embarking on sustainable development for future generations." Director-General Osamu Motojima, Opening address, Monaco International ITER Fusion Energy Days (MIIFED), 23 November 2010 [copied from http://www.iter.org/proj/itermission]. More than 900 images, organized into categories, are available as of 2013.

85

A Reliable Technology to Manufacture the ITER Inner Vertical Target

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Technical Paper / First Joint ITER-IAEA Technical Meeting on Analysis of ITER Materials and Technologies

Eliseo Visca; A. Pizzuto; B. Riccardi; S. Roccella; G. P. Sanguinetti

86

Image segmentation by iterated region merging with localized graph cuts

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents an iterated region merging-based graph cuts algorithm which is a novel extension of the standard graph cuts algorithm. Graph cuts addresses segmentation in an optimization framework and finds a globally optimal solution to a wide ... Keywords: Graph cuts, Image segmentation, Region merging

Bo Peng; Lei Zhang; David Zhang; Jian Yang

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The ITER Diagnostic Division is responsible for designing and procuring the First Wall Blankets that are mounted on the vacuum vessel port plugs at both the upper and equatorial levels This paper will discuss the effects of the diagnostic aperture shape and configuration on the coolant circuit design. The DFW design is driven in large part by the need to conform the coolant arrangement to a wide variety of diagnostic apertures combined with the more severe heating conditions at the surface facing the plasma, the first wall. At the first wall, a radiant heat flux of 35W/cm2 combines with approximate peak volumetric heating rates of 8W/cm3 (equatorial ports) and 5W/cm3 (upper ports). Here at the FW, a fast thermal response is desirable and leads to a thin element between the heat flux and coolant. This requirement is opposed by the wish for a thicker FW element to accommodate surface erosion and other off-normal plasma events.

G. Douglas Loesser, et. al.

2012-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

88

Bragg x-ray survey spectrometer for ITER

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Several potential impurity ions in the ITER plasmas will lead to loss of confined energy through line and continuum emission. For real time monitoring of impurities, a seven channel Bragg x-ray spectrometer (XRCS survey) is considered. This paper presents design and analysis of the spectrometer, including x-ray tracing by the Shadow-XOP code, sensitivity calculations for reference H-mode plasma and neutronics assessment. The XRCS survey performance analysis shows that the ITER measurement requirements of impurity monitoring in 10 ms integration time at the minimum levels for low-Z to high-Z impurity ions can largely be met.

Varshney, S. K.; Jakhar, S. [ITER-India, Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar, Gujarat 382428 (India); Barnsley, R. [ITER Organization, Route de Vinon sur Verdon, 13115 Saint Paul Lez Durance (France); O'Mullane, M. G. [Department of Physics, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow G4 0NG (United Kingdom)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

89

Chaotic iterations and topological chaos

Chaotic iterations have been introduced on the one hand by Chazan, Miranker [5] and Miellou [9] in a numerical analysis context, and on the other hand by Robert [11] and Pellegrin [10] in the discrete dynamical systems framework. In both cases, the objective was to derive conditions of convergence of such iterations to a fixed state. In this paper, a new point of view is presented, the goal here is to derive conditions under which chaotic iterations admit a chaotic behaviour in a rigorous mathematical sense. Contrary to what has been studied in the literature, convergence is not desired. More precisely, we establish in this paper a link between the concept of chaotic iterations on a finite set and the notion of topological chaos [8], [6], [7]. We are motivated by concrete applications of our approach, such as the use of chaotic boolean iterations in the computer security field. Indeed, the concept of chaos is used in many areas of data security without real rigorous theoretical foundations, and without using the fundamental properties that allow chaos. The wish of this paper is to bring a bit more mathematical rigour in this field.

Jacques M. Bahi; Christophe Guyeux

2008-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

90

In this thesis, the first demonstration of the full integration of 1.55[mu]m InGaAs/InP edge emitting platelet laser diodes with SiON/SiO2 dielectric waveguides on a silicon substrate is presented. Small footprint laser ...

Famenini, Shaya

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Construction Safety Forecast for ITER

The International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) project is poised to begin its construction activity. This paper gives an estimate of construction safety as if the experiment was being built in the United States. This estimate of construction injuries and potential fatalities serves as a useful forecast of what can be expected for construction of such a major facility in any country. These data should be considered by the ITER International Team as it plans for safety during the construction phase. Based on average U.S. construction rates, ITER may expect a lost workday case rate of < 4.0 and a fatality count of 0.5 to 0.9 persons per year.

cadwallader, lee charles

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

For future machines, the plasma stored energy is going up by factors of 20-40x, and plasma currents by 2-3x, while the surface to volume ratio is at the same time decreasing. Therefore the disruption forces, even for constant B, (which scale like IxB), and associated possible localized heating on machine components, are more severe. Notably, Tore Supra has demonstrated removal of more than 1 GJ of input energy, over nearly a 400 second period. However, the instantaneous stored energy in the Tore Supra system (which is most directly related to the potential for disruption damage) is quite small compared to other large tokamaks. The goal of ITER is routinely described as studying DT burning plasmas with a Q {approx} 10. In reality, ITER has a much more important first order mission. In fact, if it fails at this mission, the consequences are that ITER will never get to the eventual stated purpose of studying a burning plasma. The real mission of ITER is to study (and demonstrate successfully) plasma control with {approx}10-17 MA toroidal currents and {approx}100-400 MJ plasma stored energy levels in long-pulse scenarios. Before DT operation is ever given a go-ahead in ITER, the reality is that ITER must demonstrate routine and reliable control of high energy hydrogen (and deuterium) plasmas. The difficulty is that ITER must simultaneously deal with several technical problems: (1) heat removal at the plasma/wall interface, (2) protection of the wall components from off-normal events, and (3) generation of dust/redeposition of first wall materials. All previous tokamaks have encountered hundred's of major disruptions in the course of their operation. The consequences of a few MA of runaway electrons (at 20-50 MeV) being generated in ITER, and then being lost to the walls are simply catastrophic. They will not be deposited globally, but will drift out (up, down, whatever, depending on control system), and impact internal structures, unless 'ameliorated'. Basically, this represents an extraordinarily robust e-beam welding machine, capable of deep penetration into any armor tiles, to the cooling channels which are embedded less than 1 cm below the tile surface. When energy is deposited in a fraction of a second on (or in) a tile, the presence of underlying water cooling does no good for the purposes of heat removal.

Wurden, G A [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

An Iterative Rejection Sampling Method.

ar X iv :0 80 7. 28 23 v1 [ he p- ph ] 17 Ju l 2 00 8 Preprint typeset in JHEP style - HYPER VERSION Cavendish-HEP-08/10 An Iterative Rejection Sampling Method A. Sherstnev Cavendish Laboratory, University of Cambridge, JJ Thomson Avenue... , Cambridge, CB3 0HE, UK and Scobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics of Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia, 119992 (on leave) Abstract: In the note we consider an iterative generalisation of the rejection sampling method. In high energy physics...

Sherstnev, A

94

Neutronics at Wisconsin, ORNL advances ITER shielding and internationa...

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Neutronics at Wisconsin, ORNL advances ITER shielding and international collaboration American Fusion News Category: U.S. ITER Link: Neutronics at Wisconsin, ORNL advances ITER...

95

ITER movie created by Oak Ridge National Laboratory, National...

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ITER movie created by Oak Ridge National Laboratory, National Center for Computational Sciences American Fusion News Category: U.S. ITER Link: ITER movie created by Oak Ridge...

96

BBC Video Looks at ITER | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Events Research Education Organization Contact Us BBC Video Looks at ITER American Fusion News Category: U.S. ITER Link: BBC Video Looks at ITER...

97

Architect and Human Measure; the integration role

The architect plays an essential role in making solutions, which fit with the human measure. During the long product creation chain the human measure is easily lost. The role of the architect is to integrate understanding of the customer world with know-how of the solution (technology) world. The architect quickly iterates many stakeholder viewpoints to achieve a satisfying solutions from many, seemingly conflicting, viewpoints. Distribution This article or presentation is written as part of the Gaud project. The Gaud project philosophy is to improve by obtaining frequent feedback. Frequent feedback is pursued by an open creation process. This document is published as intermediate or nearly mature version to get feedback. Further distribution is allowed as long as the document remains complete and unchanged. All Gaud documents are available at: http://www.extra.research.philips.com/natlab/sysarch/ version: 0.2 status: planned 1st April 2004 1

Gerrit Muller

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Safety Analysis of the US Dual Coolant Liquid Lead-Lithium ITER Test Blanket Module

The US is proposing a prototype of a dual coolant liquid lead-lithium (DCLL) DEMO blanket concept for testing in the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) as an ITER Test Blanket Module (TBM). Because safety considerations are an integral part of the design process to ensure that this TBM does not adversely impact the safety of ITER, a safety assessment has been conducted for this TBM and its ancillary systems as requested by the ITER project. Four events were selected by the ITER International Team (IT) to address specific reactor safety concerns, such as VV pressurization, confinement building pressure build-up, TBM decay heat removal capability, tritium and activation products release from the TBM system, and hydrogen and heat production from chemical reactions. This paper summarizes the results of this safety assessment conducted with the MELCOR computer code.

Merrill, Brad; Reyes, Susana; Sawan, Mohamed; Wong, Clement

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Iterative Time Reversal with Tunable Convergence

We propose and test an iterative technique for improving the temporal focusing of a time reversal mirror. A single amplification parameter is introduced to tune the convergence of the iteration. The tunable iterative technique is validated by tests on an experimental electromagnetic time reversal mirror, as well as on a novel numerical model.

Biniyam Tesfaye Taddese; Thomas M. Antonsen; Edward Ott; Steven M. Anlage

2011-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

100

Evaluating iterative optimization across 1000 datasets

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

While iterative optimization has become a popular compiler optimization approach, it is based on a premise which has never been truly evaluated: that it is possible to learn the best compiler optimizations across data sets. Up to now, most iterative ... Keywords: benchmarking, compiler optimization, iterative optimization

Yang Chen; Yuanjie Huang; Lieven Eeckhout; Grigori Fursin; Liang Peng; Olivier Temam; Chengyong Wu

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

While these samples are representative of the content of NLE

they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.

We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLE

to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.

101

An Iterative Scheme for Valid Polynomial Inequality Generation in ...

Computational results for quadratic knapsack instances. Values in bold are optimal. Lasserre. DIGS n Optimal r obj. t(sec) Iter. 0 Iter. 1 Iter. 5 Iter. 10 t(sec). 5 370.

102

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Evolutionary methods are a powerful and robust tool for the solution of structural shape optimization problems. Nevertheless, the use of these methods requires the structural analysis of an important number of different designs, this making the computational ... Keywords: Adaptive remeshing, Differential evolution, Evolutionary algorithms, Mesh optimality criteria, Sensitivity analysis, Structural shape optimization

Gabriel Bugeda; Juan José Ródenas; Eugenio Oñate

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

ITER first mirrors (FMs), as the first components of most ITER optical diagnostics, will be exposed to high plasma radiation flux and neutron load. To reduce the FMs heating and optical surface deformation induced during ITER operation, the use of relevant materials and cooling system are foreseen. The calculations led on different materials and FMs designs and geometries (100 mm and 200 mm) show that the use of CuCrZr and TZM, and a complex integrated cooling system can limit efficiently the FMs heating and reduce their optical surface deformation under plasma radiation flux and neutron load. These investigations were used to evaluate, for the ITER equatorial port visible/infrared wide angle viewing system, the impact of the FMs properties change during operation on the instrument main optical performances. The results obtained are presented and discussed.

Joanny, M.; Salasca, S.; Dapena, M.; Cantone, B.; Travere, J. M. [CEA, IRFM, F-13108 Saint-Paul-lez-Durance (France); Thellier, C.; Ferme, J. J. [THALES SESO, 13593 Aix-en-Provence Cedex 3 (France); Marot, L. [Department of Physics, University of Basel, 4056 Basel (Switzerland); Buravand, O. [Institut d'Optique Graduate School, 91127 Palaiseau (France); Perrollaz, G. [AMETRA, 13770 Venelles (France); Zeile, C. [INR, KIT, D-76344 Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen (Germany)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

104

usion Technology for ITER, the ITER Project. Further Development Towards a DEMO Fusion Power Plant (4/4)

CERN. Geneva

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Although pattern languages have already been proposed for security modelling, such languages mostly employ concepts and notations related to object-oriented systems, and have mainly neglected the agent-oriented paradigm. In this position paper we argue about the need to define a security pattern language applicable to agent-based systems that employs concepts based in the agent-oriented paradigm. In addition, we motivate the need to integrate such a language within the development stages of an agent-oriented methodology, and we briefly discuss what such a language should contain, Keywords: documenting pattern languages, linking requirements to patterns, patterns for secure agent-based systems, integrating patterns with a development methodology, agentoriented software engineering methodologies 1.

Haralambos Mouratidis; Paolo Giorgini; Michael Weiss

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

An analysis of iterated local search for job-shop scheduling.

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Iterated local search, or ILS, is among the most straightforward meta-heuristics for local search. ILS employs both small-step and large-step move operators. Search proceeds via iterative modifications to a single solution, in distinct alternating phases. In the first phase, local neighborhood search (typically greedy descent) is used in conjunction with the small-step operator to transform solutions into local optima. In the second phase, the large-step operator is applied to generate perturbations to the local optima obtained in the first phase. Ideally, when local neighborhood search is applied to the resulting solution, search will terminate at a different local optimum, i.e., the large-step perturbations should be sufficiently large to enable escape from the attractor basins of local optima. ILS has proven capable of delivering excellent performance on numerous N P-Hard optimization problems. [LMS03]. However, despite its implicity, very little is known about why ILS can be so effective, and under what conditions. The goal of this paper is to advance the state-of-the-art in the analysis of meta-heuristics, by providing answers to this research question. They focus on characterizing both the relationship between the structure of the underlying search space and ILS performance, and the dynamic behavior of ILS. The analysis proceeds in the context of the job-shop scheduling problem (JSP) [Tai94]. They begin by demonstrating that the attractor basins of local optima in the JSP are surprisingly weak, and can be escaped with high probaiblity by accepting a short random sequence of less-fit neighbors. this result is used to develop a new ILS algorithms for the JSP, I-JAR, whose performance is competitive with tabu search on difficult benchmark instances. They conclude by developing a very accurate behavioral model of I-JAR, which yields significant insights into the dynamics of search. The analysis is based on a set of 100 random 10 x 10 problem instances, in addition to some widely used benchmark instances. Both I-JAR and the tabu search algorithm they consider are based on the N1 move operator introduced by van Laarhoven et al. [vLAL92]. The N1 operator induces a connected search space, such that it is always possible to move from an arbitrary solution to an optimal solution; this property is integral to the development of a behavioral model of I-JAR. However, much of the analysis generalizes to other move operators, including that of Nowicki and Smutnick [NS96]. Finally the models are based on the distance between two solutions, which they take as the well-known disjunctive graph distance [MBK99].

Whitley, L. Darrell (Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO); Howe, Adele E. (Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO); Watson, Jean-Paul (Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO)

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

An Iterative Rejection Sampling Method

In the note we consider an iterative generalisation of the rejection sampling method. In high energy physics, this sampling is frequently used for event generation, i.e. preparation of phase space points distributed according to a matrix element squared $|M|^2$ for a scattering process. In many realistic cases $|M|^2$ is a complicated multi-dimensional function, so, the standard von Neumann procedure has quite low efficiency, even if an error reducing technique, like VEGAS, is applied. As a result of that, many of the $|M|^2$ calculations go to ``waste''. The considered iterative modification of the procedure can extract more ``unweighted'' events, i.e. distributed according to $|M|^2$. In several simple examples we show practical benefits of the technique and obtain more events than the standard von Neumann method, without any extra calculations of $|M|^2$.

A. Sherstnev

2008-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

108

Overview of Recent Developments in Pellet Injection for ITER

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Pellet injection is the primary fueling technique planned for core fueling of ITER burning plasmas. Also, the injection of relatively small pellets to purposely trigger rapid small edge localized modes (ELMs) has been proposed as a possible solution to the heat flux damage from larger natural ELMs likely to be an issue on the ITER divertor surfaces. The ITER pellet injection system is designed to inject pellets into the plasma through both inner and outer wall guide tubes. The inner wall guide tubes will provide high throughput pellet fueling while the outerwall guide tubes will be used primarily to trigger ELMs at a high frequency (>15 Hz). The pellet fueling rate ofeach injector is to be up to 120 Pa-m3/s, which will require the formation of solid D-T at a volumetric rate of ~1500 mm3/s. Two injectors are to be provided for ITER at the startup with a provision for up to six injectorsduring the D-T phase. The required throughput of each injector is greater than that of any injector built to date, and a novel twin-screw continuous extrusion system is being developed to meet the challenging design parameters. Status of the development activities will be presented, highlighting recent progress.

Combs, Stephen Kirk [ORNL; Baylor, Larry R [ORNL; Meitner, Steven J [ORNL; Caughman, John B [ORNL; Rasmussen, David A [ORNL; Maruyama, So [ITER Organization, Cadarache, France

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Beam-stack search: Integrating backtracking with beam search

We describe a method for transforming beam search into a complete search algorithm that is guaranteed to find an optimal solution. Called beam-stack search, the algorithm uses a new data structure, called a beam stack, that makes it possible to integrate systematic backtracking with beam search. The resulting search algorithm is an anytime algorithm that finds a good, sub-optimal solution quickly, like beam search, and then backtracks and continues to find improved solutions until convergence to an optimal solution. We describe a memory-efficient implementation of beam-stack search, called divide-and-conquer beam-stack search, as well as an iterative-deepening version of the algorithm. The approach is applied to domain-independent STRIPS planning, and computational results show its advantages.

Rong Zhou; Eric A. Hansen

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Experimental research on the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) will go far beyond what is possible on present-day tokamaks to address new and challenging issues in the physics of reactor-like plasmas. First and foremost, experiments in ITER will explore the physics issues of burning plasmas--plasmas that are dominantly self-heated by alpha-particles created by the fusion reactions themselves. Such issues will include (i) new plasma-physical effects introduced by the presence within the plasma of an intense population of energetic alpha particles; (ii) the physics of magnetic confinement for a burning plasma, which will involve a complex interplay of transport, stability and an internal self-generated heat source; and (iii) the physics of very-long-pulse/steady-state burning plasmas, in which much of the plasma current is also self-generated and which will require effective control of plasma purity and plasma-wall interactions. Achieving and sustaining burning plasma regimes in a tokamak necessarily requires plasmas that are larger than those in present experiments and have higher energy content and power flow, as well as much longer pulse length. Accordingly, the experimental program on ITER will embrace the study of issues of plasma physics and plasma-materials interactions that are specific to a reactor-scale fusion experiment. Such issues will include (i) confinement physics for a tokamak in which, for the first time, the core-plasma and the edge-plasma are simultaneously in a reactor-like regime; (ii) phenomena arising during plasma transients, including so-called disruptions, in regimes of high plasma current and thermal energy; and (iii) physics of a radiative divertor designed for handling high power flow for long pulses, including novel plasma and atomic-physics effects as well as materials science of surfaces subject to intense plasma interaction. Experiments on ITER will be conducted by researchers in control rooms situated at major fusion laboratories around the world, linked by high-speed computer networks--thus extending further what is already a much-acclaimed paradigm for international collaboration in science.

Rutherford, P.H.

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Engineering and manufacturing of ITER first mirror mock-ups

Most of the ITER optical diagnostics aiming at viewing and monitoring plasma facing components will use in-vessel metallic mirrors. These mirrors will be exposed to a severe plasma environment and lead to an important tradeoff on their design and manufacturing. As a consequence, investigations are carried out on diagnostic mirrors toward the development of optimal and reliable solutions. The goals are to assess the manufacturing feasibility of the mirror coatings, evaluate the manufacturing capability and associated performances for the mirrors cooling and polishing, and finally determine the costs and delivery time of the first prototypes with a diameter of 200 and 500 mm. Three kinds of ITER candidate mock-ups are being designed and manufactured: rhodium films on stainless steel substrate, molybdenum on TZM substrate, and silver films on stainless steel substrate. The status of the project is presented in this paper.

Joanny, M.; Travere, J. M.; Salasca, S.; Corre, Y. [CEA, IRFM, F-13108 Saint-Paul-lez-Durance (France); Marot, L. [Department of Physics, University of Basel, Klingelbergstrasse 82, CH-4056 Basel (Switzerland); Thellier, C.; Gallay, G.; Cammarata, C.; Passier, B.; Ferme, J. J. [SESO, 305 Rue Louis Armand CS 30504, 13593 Aix-en-Provence Cedex 3 (France)

2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

112

Iterative Entanglement Distillation: Approaching full Elimination of Decoherence

The distribution and processing of quantum entanglement form the basis of quantum communication and quantum computing. The realization of the two is difficult because quantum information inherently has a high susceptibility to decoherence, i.e. to uncontrollable information loss to the environment. For entanglement distribution, a proposed solution to this problem is capable of fully eliminating decoherence; namely iterative entanglement distillation. This approach builds on a large number of distillation steps each of which extracts a number of weakly decohered entangled states from a larger number of strongly decohered states. Here, for the first time, we experimentally demonstrate iterative distillation of entanglement. Already distilled entangled states were further improved in a second distillation step and also made available for subsequent steps.Our experiment displays the realization of the building blocks required for an entanglement distillation scheme that can fully eliminate decoherence.

Boris Hage; Aiko Samblowski; James DiGuglielmo; Jaromír Fiurášek; Roman Schnabel

2010-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

113

ITER Test Program: Key Technical Aspects

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

ITER / Proceedings of the Ninth Topical Meeting on the Technology of Fusion Energy (Oak Brook, Illinois, October 7-11, 1990)

Mohamed A. Abdou

114

Availability Requirement for ITER Plasma Parameter Measurements

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

ITER / Proceedings of the Twentieth Topical Meeting on the Technology of Fusion Energy (TOFE-2012) (Part 1), Nashville, Tennessee, August 27-31, 2012

K. Okayama; D. van Houtte; F. Sagot; M. Walsh

115

Improving robustness of ITER maintenance schedules.

?? In the experimental ITER fusion reactor, currently under construction in Cadarache, France, components close to the plasma will get activated and contaminated over time.… (more)

Schoen, Pepijn

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

An overview of ITER diagnostics (invited)

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The requirements for plasma measurements for operating and controlling the ITER device have now been determined. Initial criteria for the measurement quality have been set

Kenneth M. Young; A. E. Costley; Members of the ITER-JCT, ITER Home Teams and the ITER Diagnostics Expert Group

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

/Research Plans 3. Basic Research in support of ITER Â· Experimental and Theoretical Plasma Research Â· R

118

iterative solution of augmented systems arising in interior methods

that provably eliminate the inherent ill-conditioning in the linear equations. .... in the null space of A. A disadvantage with this approach is that the constraint.

119

Nonlinear forecasting and iterated function systems

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The theory of dynamical forecasting can be extended to iterated function systems. An unordered set of iterates may be sufficient to construct a simulation of the unknown dynamics. The underlying dynamical system may be nondeterministic: A random element may be allowed in the dynamics

Giorgio Mantica; B. G. Giraud

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Iterative equalization and decoding applied to underwater acoustic communication

absolute phase error versus iter- ation. (d) Number of bitCMP estimation are done iter- atively, in conjunction withAPP estimates ? (i) . If i = N iter , then the sym- bol APP

Sifferlen, James F.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

While these samples are representative of the content of NLE

they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.

We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLE

to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.

121

Simulations of plasma behavior during pellet injection in ITER

Plasma behavior during pellet injection in ITER is investigated using a 1.5D BALDUR integrated predictive modeling code. In these simulations, the pellet ablation is described using the neutral gas shielding (NGS) model developed by Parks and Turnbull [Phys. Fluids 21, 1735 (1978)]. The NGS pellet ablation model that includes the {nabla}B drift effect is coupled with a plasma core transport model, which is a combination of an MMM95 anomalous transport model and an NCLASS neoclassical transport model. The combination of core transport models, together with pellet model, is used to simulate the time evolution of plasma current, ion and electron temperatures, and density profiles for ITER standard type-I ELMy H-mode discharges during the pellet injection. It is found that the injection of pellet can result in either enhancement or degradation of plasma performance. The {nabla}B drift effect on the pellet deposition is very strong in ITER. The plasma density with high field side pellets, which favorable with the {nabla}B drift effect, is much higher and pellet can penetrate much deeper than that with low field side pellets.

Klaywittaphat, P., E-mail: thawatchai@siit.tu.ac.th; Onjun, T. [Thammasat University, School of Manufacturing Systems and Mechanical Engineering, Sirindhorn International Institute of Technology (Thailand)

2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

122

Soft Error Vulnerability of Iterative Linear Algebra Methods

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Devices become increasingly vulnerable to soft errors as their feature sizes shrink. Previously, soft errors primarily caused problems for space and high-atmospheric computing applications. Modern architectures now use features so small at sufficiently low voltages that soft errors are becoming significant even at terrestrial altitudes. The soft error vulnerability of iterative linear algebra methods, which many scientific applications use, is a critical aspect of the overall application vulnerability. These methods are often considered invulnerable to many soft errors because they converge from an imprecise solution to a precise one. However, we show that iterative methods can be vulnerable to soft errors, with a high rate of silent data corruptions. We quantify this vulnerability, with algorithms generating up to 8.5% erroneous results when subjected to a single bit-flip. Further, we show that detecting soft errors in an iterative method depends on its detailed convergence properties and requires more complex mechanisms than simply checking the residual. Finally, we explore inexpensive techniques to tolerate soft errors in these methods.

Bronevetsky, G; de Supinski, B

2007-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

123

iterative regularization in intensity-modulated radiation therapy ...

For iter* to be a meaningful parameter, the optimization solver should initially proceed ... When the optimization problem is ill-conditioned, iter* will be very small ...

124

International Workshop: MFE Roadmapping in the ITER Era | Princeton...

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

International Workshop: MFE Roadmapping in the ITER Era International Workshop: MFE Roadmapping in the ITER Era Contact Information Website: International Workshop: MFE Roadmapping...

125

of innovative integrated HVAC systems in buildings, infor building envelope and HVAC systems simu- lation - WillIntegrated simulation for HVAC performance prediction: State

Trcka, Marija

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Iterators can be independent “from” their collections

External iterators pose problems for alias control mechanisms: they have access to collection interals and yet are not accessible from the collection; they may be used in contexts that are unaware of the collection. And yet iterators can benefit from alias control because iterators may fail “unexpectedly ” when their collections are modified. We explain a novel aliasing annotation “from ” that indicates when a collection intends to delegate its access to internals to a new object and how it can be given semantics using a fractional permission system. We sketch how a static analysis using permissions can statically detect possible concurrent modification exceptions. 1.

John Boyland

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

A new method for correcting charged-particle spectra for thick target effects is described. Starting with a trial function, inverse response functions are found by an iterative procedure. The variances corresponding to the measured spectrum are treated similiarly and in parallel. Oscillations of the solution are avoided by rebinning the data to finer bins during a correction iteration and back to the original or wider binning after each iteration. This thick-target correction method has been used for data obtained with the MEDLEY facility at the The Svedberg Laboratory, Uppsala, Sweden, and is here presented in detail and demonstrated for two test cases.

S. Pomp; U. Tippawan

2006-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

128

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Technical Paper / First Joint ITER-IAEA Technical Meeting on Analysis of ITER Materials and Technologies

K. Ioki; C. H. Choi; E. Daly; S. Dani; J. Davis; B. Giraud; C. Hamlyn-Harris; G. Johnson; L. Jones; C. Jun; B. C. Kim; E. Kuzmin; R. Le Barbier; J-M. Martinez; H. Pathak; J. Preble; J. Reich; J. W. Sa; A. Terasawa; Yu. Utin; X. Wang; S. Wu

129

The Development of Material and Fabrication Technologies for ITER Magnet Supports

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Technical Paper / First Joint ITER-IAEA Technical Meeting on Analysis of ITER Materials and Technologies

P. Y. Li; C. J. Pan; B. L. Hou; S. L. Han; Z. C. Sun; F. Savary; Y. K. Fu; R. Gallix; N. Mitchell

130

Investigations of Radiation Damage Effects on ITER Structural and Plasma-Facing Materials

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A. I. Ryazanov; V. S. Koidan; B. I. Khripunov; S. T. Latushkin; V. B. Petrov; L. S. Danelyan; E. V. Semenov; V. N. Unezhev

131

Analyses and Preliminary Results of an Updated ITER Radioactive Waste Assessment

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

S. Zheng; R. Pampin; S. Lilley; B. C. Na; M. J. Loughlin; N. P. Taylor; V. Barabash

132

Iterative approach to the characteristic time for chemical reactions of type A + B ! C + D

The analytic solution for the kinetic description of binary reactions can be seen as the continuum version of a basic discrete iterate mapping. This fact allows a clear definition of the reaction characteristic time which takes the backward effect into account.

R. Aldrovandi

2013-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

133

Iterative methods for neutron transport eigenvalue Fynn Scheben and Ivan G. Graham

. Numer. Anal., 26 (1989), pp. 66Â87. [3] G. I. Bell and S. Glasstone, Nuclear Reactor Theory, Reinhold iterative methods for computing criticality in nuclear reactors. In general this requires the solution and optimal performance of existing nuclear reactors is an important task of great environmental significance

Graham, Ivan

134

Iterated Differential Forms II: Riemannian Geometry Revisited

A natural extension of Riemannian geometry to a much wider context is presented on the basis of the iterated differential form formalism developed in math.DG/0605113 and an application to general relativity is given.

A. M. Vinogradov; L. Vitagliano

2006-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

135

Iterative and Incremental Development: A Brief History

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Although many view iterative and incremental development as a modern practice, its application dates as far back as the mid-1950s. Prominent software-engineering thought leaders from each succeeding decade supported IID practices, and many large projects ...

Craig Larman; Victor R. Basili

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Michel Claessens michel.claessens@iter.org

on the manufacturing of critical components, were among the important issues discussed at the eighth meeting. Photos of the Council Meeting can be found at: http://www.iter.org/gallery/pr_2011_06_ic8 Additional

137

French landmark decree authorizes ITER construction | Princeton...

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ITER construction By John Greenwald November 20, 2012 Tweet Widget Facebook Like Google Plus One The French government has capped more than two years of review by issuing a...

138

Iterative entanglement distillation for finite resources

We discuss a specific entanglement distillation scheme under the constraint of finite samples of entangled qubit pairs. It is shown that an iterative process can be explicitly formulated. The average fidelity of this process can be enhanced by introducing conditional storing of entangled qubit pairs in each step of the iteration. We investigate the corresponding limitations on the size and the initial fidelity of the sample.

Stefan Probst-Schendzielorz; Thorsten Bschorr; Matthias Freyberger

2005-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

139

ITER CS Intermodule Support Structure

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With five independently driven, bi-polarity power supplies, the modules of the ITER central solenoid (CS) can be energized in aligned or opposing field directions. This sets up the possibility for repelling modules, which indeed occurs, particularly between CS2L and CS3L around the End of Burn (EOB) time point. Light interface compression between these two modules at EOB and wide variations in these coil currents throughout the pulse produce a tendency for relative motion or slip. Ideally, the slip is purely radial as the modules breathe without any accumulative translational motion. In reality, however, asymmetries such as nonuniformity in intermodule friction, lateral loads from a plasma Vertical Disruption Event (VDE), magnetic forces from manufacturing and assembly tolerances, and earthquakes can all contribute to a combination of radial and lateral module motion. This paper presents 2D and 3D, nonlinear, ANSYS models which simulate these various asymmetries and determine the lateral forces which must be carried by the intermodule structure. Summing all of these asymmetric force contributions leads to a design-basis lateral load which is used in the design of various support concepts: the CS-CDR centering rings and a variation, the 2001 FDR baseline radial keys, and interlocking castles structures. Radial key-type intermodule structure interface slip and stresses are tracked through multiple 15 MA scenario current pulses to demonstrate stable motion following the first few cycles. Detractions and benefits of each candidate intermodule structure are discussed, leading to the simplest and most robust configuration which meets the design requirements: match-drilled radial holes and pin-shaped keys.

Myatt, R. [Myatt Consulting, Norfolk, MA; Freudenberg, Kevin D [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Electromagnetic Analysis of ITER Diagnostic Equatorial Port Plugs During Plasma Disruptions

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

ITER diagnostic port plugs perform many functionsincluding structural support of diagnostic systems under high electromagnetic loads while allowing for diagnostic access to the plasma. The design of diagnostic equatorial port plugs (EPP) are largely driven by electromagnetic loads and associate responses of EPP structure during plasma disruptions and VDEs. This paper summarizes results of transient electromagnetic analysis using Opera 3d in support of the design activities for ITER diagnostic EPP. A complete distribution of disruption loads on the Diagnostic First Walls (DFWs), Diagnostic Shield Modules (DSMs) and the EPP structure, as well as impact on the system design integration due to electrical contact among various EPP structural components are discussed.

Y. Zhai, R. Feder, A. Brooks, M. Ulrickson, C.S. Pitcher and G.D. Loesser

2012-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

While these samples are representative of the content of NLE

they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.

We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLE

to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.

141

A Hierarchy of Nonlinear Filtered Models—Numerical Solutions

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Five filtered models, including two that are intermediate between the balanced and the primitive equations, are studied using actual weather data. The iterative method of solution works well in most cases. The two more general models are solved ...

Trond Iversen; Thor Erik Nordeng

1984-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Beryllium because of its low atomic number and high thermal conductivity, is a candidate for both ITER first wall and divertor surfaces. This study addresses the following: why beryllium; design requirements for the ITER divertor; beryllium supply and unirradiated physical/mechanical property database; effects of irradiation on beryllium properties; tritium issues; beryllium health and safety; beryllium-coolant interactions and safety; thermal and mechanical tests; plasma erosion of beryllium; recommended beryllium grades for ITER plasma facing components; proposed manufacturing methods to produce beryllium parts for ITER; emerging beryllium materials; proposed inspection and maintenance techniques for beryllium components and coatings; time table and costs; and the importance of integrating materials and manufacturing personnel with designers.

Ulrickson, M.A. [ed.] [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Manly, W.D. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Dombrowski, D.E. [Brush Wellman, Inc., Cleveland, OH (United States)] [and others

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

PPPL--2702 Power Radiated from ITER

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

702 702 " Power Radiated from ITER and CIT by Impurities D E ~ O 014715 J. Cummings, S. A. Cohen, R Hulse, D. E. Post, M. H. Redi and J. Perkinst Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory Princeton University, Rinceton, NJ 08543 Abstract The MIST code has been used to model impurity radiation from the edge and core plasmas in ITER and CIT. A broad range of parameters have been varied, including Zeff, impurity species, impurity transport coefficients, and plasma temperature and density profiles, especially at the edge. For a set of these parameters representative of the baseline ITER ignition scenario, it is seen that impurity radiation, which is produced in roughly equal amounts by the edge and core regions, can make a major improvement in divertor operation without compromising core

144

Feasibility Study of Lost-Alpha-Particle Measurements by Probe Technique in ITER

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Technical Paper by Monaco ITER Postdoctoral Fellows / First Joint ITER-IAEA Technical Meeting on Analysis of ITER Materials and Technologies

E. A. Veshchev; L. Bertalot; S. Putvinski; M. Garcia-Munoz; S. W. Lisgo; C. S. Pitcher; R. A. Pitts; V. S. Udintsev; M. Walsh

145

Plasma-Wall-Interaction Diagnostics in ITER: Dust, Erosion, and Tritium Retention

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Technical Paper by Monaco ITER Postdoctoral Fellows / First Joint ITER-IAEA Technical Meeting on Analysis of ITER Materials and Technologies

Junghee Kim; P. Andrew; R. Reichle

146

US ITER is a strong contributor in plan to enhance international...

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

American Fusion News Category: U.S. ITER Link: US ITER is a strong contributor in plan to enhance international sharing of prime ITER real estate...

147

Experiment and Modeling of ITER Demonstration Discharges in the DIII-D Tokamak

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

DIII-D is providing experimental evaluation of 4 leading ITER operational scenarios: the baseline scenario in ELMing H-mode, the advanced inductive scenario, the hybrid scenario, and the steady state scenario. The anticipated ITER shape, aspect ratio and value of I/{alpha}B were reproduced, with the size reduced by a factor of 3.7, while matching key performance targets for {beta}{sub N} and H{sub 98}. Since 2008, substantial experimental progress was made to improve the match to other expected ITER parameters for the baseline scenario. A lower density baseline discharge was developed with improved stationarity and density control to match the expected ITER edge pedestal collisionality ({nu}*{sub e} {approx} 0.1). Target values for {beta}{sub N} and H{sub 98} were maintained at lower collisionality (lower density) operation without loss in fusion performance but with significant change in ELM characteristics. The effects of lower plasma rotation were investigated by adding counter-neutral beam power, resulting in only a modest reduction in confinement. Robust preemptive stabilization of 2/1 NTMs was demonstrated for the first time using ECCD under ITER-like conditions. Data from these experiments were used extensively to test and develop theory and modeling for realistic ITER projection and for further development of its optimum scenarios in DIII-D. Theory-based modeling of core transport (TGLF) with an edge pedestal boundary condition provided by the EPED1 model reproduces T{sub e} and T{sub i} profiles reasonably well for the 4 ITER scenarios developed in DIII-D. Modeling of the baseline scenario for low and high rotation discharges indicates that a modest performance increase of {approx} 15% is needed to compensate for the expected lower rotation of ITER. Modeling of the steady-state scenario reproduces a strong dependence of confinement, stability, and noninductive fraction (f{sub NI}) on q{sub 95}, as found in the experimental I{sub p} scan, indicating that optimization of the q profile is critical to simultaneously achieving the f{sub NI} = 1 and Q = 5 goals. Extended integrated modeling is being developed to improve capability for ITER projection by including the experimental observations of density peaking, ELM characteristics, NTM suppression and coupled core-edge-SOL transport.

Park, Jin Myung [ORNL; Doyle, E. J. [University of California, Los Angeles; Ferron, J.R. [General Atomics, San Diego; Holcomb, C T [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL); Jackson, G. L. [General Atomics; Lao, L. L. [General Atomics; Luce, T.C. [General Atomics, San Diego; Owen, Larry W [ORNL; Murakami, Masanori [ORNL; Osborne, T. H. [General Atomics; Politzer, P. A. [General Atomics, San Diego; Prater, R. [General Atomics; Snyder, P. B. [General Atomics

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Suntech Energy Solutions Formerly EI Solutions | Open Energy...

(Formerly EI Solutions) Place Pasadena, California Zip 91103 Sector Solar Product A California-based solar power systems integrator and installer. References Suntech Energy...

149

Benchmarking ICRF Full-wave Solvers for ITER

Abstract Benchmarking of full-wave solvers for ICRF simulations is performed using plasma profiles and equilibria obtained from integrated self-consistent modeling predictions of four ITER plasmas. One is for a high performance baseline (5.3 T, 15 MA) DT H-mode. The others are for half-field, half-current plasmas of interest for the pre-activation phase with bulk plasma ion species being either hydrogen or He4. The predicted profiles are used by six full-wave solver groups to simulate the ICRF electromagnetic fields and heating, and by three of these groups to simulate the current-drive. Approximate agreement is achieved for the predicted heating power for the DT and He4 cases. Factor of two disagreements are found for the cases with second harmonic He3 heating in bulk H cases. Approximate agreement is achieved simulating the ICRF current drive.

R. V. Budny, L. Berry, R. Bilato, P. Bonoli, M. Brambilla, R. J. Dumont, A. Fukuyama, R. Harvey, E. F. Jaeger, K. Indireshkumar, E. Lerche, D. McCune, C. K. Phillips, V. Vdovin, J. Wright, and members of the ITPA-IOS

2011-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

150

Joint News Release ELEVENTH ITER NEGOTIATIONS MEETING

Joint News Release ELEVENTH ITER NEGOTIATIONS MEETING CHENGDU , CHINA, 24OCTOBER 2005 Delegations of America met in CHENGDU on 24October 2005 to continue their work to reach agreement on the joint the project and its procurements, and the continuing joint drafting of the agreement on establishing

151

The ITER budget is projected to be

, including 4.7 billion euros to build the reactor. BACK FRANCE AND JAPAN FAIL TO RESOLVE ROW ON NUCLEAR to resolve their differences on where to build a revolutionary nuclear fusion project, with Foreign Minister Experimental Reactor (ITER) in France without Japan if an agreement with Tokyo is not reached "as soon

152

ITERATIVE METHODS FOR NEUTRON TRANSPORT EIGENVALUE PROBLEMS

Abstract. We discuss iterative methods for computing criticality in nuclear reactors. In general the safety and optimal performance of existing nuclear reactors is an important task of great environmental significance. When operating a nuclear reactor, the engineer seeks to achieve a sustainable chain reaction

Graham, Ivan

153

Iterated local search in nurse rostering problem

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents how to solve a nurse rostering problem over the real datasets of Centre hospitalier régional de Trois-Rivières hospital in Canada. Due to the complexity of this problem with plenty of hard constraints, we propose an ... Keywords: greedy, iterated local search, nurse rostering, tabu search

Sen Ngoc Vu, Minh H. Nhat Nguyen, Le Minh Duc, Chantal Baril, Viviane Gascon, Tien Ba Dinh

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Iterative Structure of the N=4 SYM Spin Chain

We develop algebraic methods for finding loop corrections to the N=4 SYM dilatation generator, within the noncompact psu(1,1|2) sector. This sector gives a 't Hooft coupling lambda-dependent representation of psu(1,1|2) times psu(1|1)^2. At first working independently of the representation, we present an all-order algebraic ansatz for the lambda-dependence of this Lie algebra's generators. The ansatz solves the symmetry constraints if an auxiliary generator, h, satisfies certain simple commutation relations with the Lie algebra generators. Applying this to the psu(1,1|2) sector leads to an iterative solution for the planar three-loop dilatation generator in terms of leading order symmetry generators and h, which passes a thorough set of spectral tests. We argue also that this algebraic ansatz may be applicable to the nonplanar theory as well.

Benjamin I. Zwiebel

2008-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

155

Optimizing ITER Power Supplies Operation Through RAMI and Standardization

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

ITER Systems / Proceedings of the Nineteenth Topical Meeting on the Technology of Fusion Energy (TOFE) (Part 1)

François Sagot; Didier van Houtte; Katsumi Okayama; Joel Hourtoule; Inho Song

156

Budget Planning Meeting FY 2007 Status of ITER Negotiations

March 22-24 Â· CDs-2-4 are more dependent upon the reviews by the ITER Organization (to be formed-level discussion on ITER held in DOE HQ, Washington, DC Â· Requested a comprehensive briefing on ITER #12;FY2006 Agreement per H.R. 610 Form ITER Organization Begin funding for personnel FY2006 Pres Request of $49.5M

157

Optimization Online - "Block-Iterative and String-Averaging ...

Jul 19, 2009 ... Optimization Online. "Block-Iterative and String-Averaging Projection Algorithms in Proton Computed Tomography Image Reconstruction".

158

Enspiria Solutions | Open Energy Information

information systems and technology consultants, with services in smart grid planning and systems integration. References Enspiria Solutions1 LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase...

159

Specifying java iterators with JML and Esc/Java2

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The 2006 SAVCBS Workshop has posed a Challenge Problem on the topic of specifying iterators. This note provides a specification in the Java Modeling Language (JML) [1, 2] for the Java interfaces Iterator and Iterable that captures the interactions ... Keywords: ESC/Java2, JML, specification, static analysis, verification

David R. Cok

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Princeton Plasma Physics Lab - U.S. ITER

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

iter U.S. ITER en BBC iter U.S. ITER en BBC Video Looks at ITER http://www.pppl.gov/node/1536

American Fusion News Category:
## Sample records for **integrated iterative solution** from the National Library of Energy ^{Beta} (NLE^{Beta})

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ITER / Proceedings of the Twentieth Topical Meeting on the Technology of Fusion Energy (TOFE-2012) (Part 1), Nashville, Tennessee, August 27-31, 2012

## Sample records for **integrated iterative solution** from the National Library of Energy ^{Beta} (NLE^{Beta})

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## Sample records for **integrated iterative solution** from the National Library of Energy ^{Beta} (NLE^{Beta})

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Technical Paper / First Joint ITER-IAEA Technical Meeting on Analysis of ITER Materials and Technologies

## Sample records for **integrated iterative solution** from the National Library of Energy ^{Beta} (NLE^{Beta})

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## Sample records for **integrated iterative solution** from the National Library of Energy ^{Beta} (NLE^{Beta})

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ITER Systems / Proceedings of the Nineteenth Topical Meeting on the Technology of Fusion Energy (TOFE) (Part 1)

ITER Systems / Proceedings of the Nineteenth Topical Meeting on the Technology of Fusion Energy (TOFE) (Part 1)

ITER Systems / Proceedings of the Nineteenth Topical Meeting on the Technology of Fusion Energy (TOFE) (Part 1)

ITER Systems / Proceedings of the Nineteenth Topical Meeting on the Technology of Fusion Energy (TOFE) (Part 1)

## Sample records for **integrated iterative solution** from the National Library of Energy ^{Beta} (NLE^{Beta})

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## Sample records for **integrated iterative solution** from the National Library of Energy ^{Beta} (NLE^{Beta})

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ITER / Proceedings of the Twentieth Topical Meeting on the Technology of Fusion Energy (TOFE-2012) (Part 1), Nashville, Tennessee, August 27-31, 2012

ITER / Proceedings of the Twentieth Topical Meeting on the Technology of Fusion Energy (TOFE-2012) (Part 1), Nashville, Tennessee, August 27-31, 2012

## Sample records for **integrated iterative solution** from the National Library of Energy ^{Beta} (NLE^{Beta})

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## Sample records for **integrated iterative solution** from the National Library of Energy ^{Beta} (NLE^{Beta})

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ITER Systems / Proceedings of the Nineteenth Topical Meeting on the Technology of Fusion Energy (TOFE) (Part 1)

## Sample records for **integrated iterative solution** from the National Library of Energy ^{Beta} (NLE^{Beta})

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## Sample records for **integrated iterative solution** from the National Library of Energy ^{Beta} (NLE^{Beta})

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ITER Systems / Proceedings of the Nineteenth Topical Meeting on the Technology of Fusion Energy (TOFE) (Part 1)

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161

Technological Institute of Renewable Energy ITER | Open Energy Information

Renewable Energy ITER Renewable Energy ITER Jump to: navigation, search Name Technological Institute of Renewable Energy (ITER) Place Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Spain Zip 38611 Sector Solar, Wind energy Product Spain-based, technological research and development institute focused on the solar and wind sectors. References Technological Institute of Renewable Energy (ITER)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Technological Institute of Renewable Energy (ITER) is a company located in Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Spain . References â†‘ "Technological Institute of Renewable Energy (ITER)" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Technological_Institute_of_Renewable_Energy_ITER&oldid=352069

162

Iterated dynamical maps in an ion trap

Iterated dynamical maps offer an ideal setting to investigate quantum dynamical bifurcations and are well adapted to few-qubit quantum computer realisations. We show that a single trapped ion, subject to periodic impulsive forces, exhibits a rich structure of dynamical bifurcations derived from the Jahn-Teller Hamiltonian flow model. We show that the entanglement between the oscillator and electronic degrees of freedom reflects the underlying dynamical bifurcation in a Floquet eigenstate.

M. Duncan; J. Links; G. J. Milburn

2007-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

163

Shortcuts to adiabaticity by superadiabatic iterations

Different techniques to speed up quantum adiabatic processes are currently being explored for applications in atomic, molecular and optical physics, such as transport, cooling and expansions, wavepacket splitting, or internal state control. Here we examine the capabilities of superadiabatic iterations to produce a sequence of shortcuts to adiabaticity. The general formalism is worked out as well as examples for population inversion in a two-level system.

S. Ibáñez; Xi Chen; J. G. Muga

2012-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

164

NREL: Distributed Grid Integration - Solar Distributed Grid Integration

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Solar Distributed Grid Integration Projects Solar Distributed Grid Integration Projects NREL provides grid integration support, system-level testing, and systems analysis for DOE's Solar Distributed Grid Integration Projects supported by the SunShot Initiative. These projects address technical issues and develop solutions for high penetration grid integration of solar technologies into the electric power system to meet the following goals: Reduce cost: reduce interconnection costs by developing streamlined procedures including advanced integration models for utility interconnection of photovoltaics (PV) Reduce market barriers: work with utilities and system integrators to reduce market barriers by providing research on impacts of integration of high penetration of PV systems and developing solutions.

165

An Exact Analytical Solution for Raindrop Collision Rate

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An exact solution was found for the rate of collisions between raindrops by integrating over a finite drop size range. Collision rates computed from this solution were compared to those computed from a solution obtained by integrating over an ...

Robert R. Czys; Kung Chyun Tang

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Applying Remote Handling Attributes to the ITER Neutral Beam Cell Monorail Crane

The maintenance requirements for the equipment in the ITER Neutral Beam Cell requires components to be lifted and transported within the cell by remote means. To meet this requirement, the provision of an overhead crane with remote handling capabilities has been initiated. The layout of the cell has driven the design to consist of a monorail crane that travels on a branched monorail track attached to the cell ceiling. This paper describes the principle design constraints and how the remote handling attributes were applied to the concept design of the monorail crane, concentrating on areas where novel design solutions have been required and on the remote recovery requirements and solutions.

Crofts, O; Raimbach, J; Tesini, A; Choi, C-H; Damiani, C; Van Uffelen, M

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Evaluation of ITER MSE Viewing Optics

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Motional Stark Effect (MSE) diagnostic on ITER determines the local plasma current density by measuring the polarization angle of light resulting from the interaction of a high energy neutral heating beam and the tokamak plasma. This light signal has to be transmitted from the edge and core of the plasma to a polarization analyzer located in the port plug. The optical system should either preserve the polarization information, or it should be possible to reliably calibrate any changes induced by the optics. This LLNL Work for Others project for the US ITER Project Office (USIPO) is focused on the design of the viewing optics for both the edge and core MSE systems. Several design constraints were considered, including: image quality, lack of polarization aberrations, ease of construction and cost of mirrors, neutron shielding, and geometric layout in the equatorial port plugs. The edge MSE optics are located in ITER equatorial port 3 and view Heating Beam 5, and the core system is located in equatorial port 1 viewing heating beam 4. The current work is an extension of previous preliminary design work completed by the ITER central team (ITER resources were not available to complete a detailed optimization of this system, and then the MSE was assigned to the US). The optimization of the optical systems at this level was done with the ZEMAX optical ray tracing code. The final LLNL designs decreased the ''blur'' in the optical system by nearly an order of magnitude, and the polarization blur was reduced by a factor of 3. The mirror sizes were reduced with an estimated cost savings of a factor of 3. The throughput of the system was greater than or equal to the previous ITER design. It was found that optical ray tracing was necessary to accurately measure the throughput. Metal mirrors, while they can introduce polarization aberrations, were used close to the plasma because of the anticipated high heat, particle, and neutron loads. These mirrors formed an intermediate image that then was relayed out of the port plug with more ideal (dielectric) mirrors. Engineering models of the optics, port plug, and neutral beam geometry were also created, using the CATIA ITER models. Two video conference calls with the USIPO provided valuable design guidelines, such as the minimum distance of the first optic from the plasma. A second focus of the project was the calibration of the system. Several different techniques are proposed, both before and during plasma operation. Fixed and rotatable polarizers would be used to characterize the system in the no-plasma case. Obtaining the full modulation spectrum from the polarization analyzer allows measurement of polarization effects and also MHD plasma phenomena. Light from neutral beam interaction with deuterium gas (no plasma) has been found useful to determine the wavelength of each spatial channel. The status of the optical design for the edge (upper) and core (lower) systems is included in the following figure. Several issues should be addressed by a follow-on study, including whether the optical labyrinth has sufficient neutron shielding and a detailed polarization characterization of actual mirrors.

Allen, S; Lerner, S; Morris, K; Jayakumar, J; Holcomb, C; Makowski, M; Latkowski, J; Chipman, R

2007-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

168

Final Report on ITER Task Agreement 81-08

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As part of an ITER Implementing Task Agreement (ITA) between the ITER US Participant Team (PT) and the ITER International Team (IT), the INL Fusion Safety Program was tasked to provide the ITER IT with upgrades to the fusion version of the MELCOR 1.8.5 code including a beryllium dust oxidation model. The purpose of this model is to allow the ITER IT to investigate hydrogen production from beryllium dust layers on hot surfaces inside the ITER vacuum vessel (VV) during in-vessel loss-of-cooling accidents (LOCAs). Also included in the ITER ITA was a task to construct a RELAP5/ATHENA model of the ITER divertor cooling loop to model the draining of the loop during a large ex-vessel pipe break followed by an in-vessel divertor break and compare the results to a simular MELCOR model developed by the ITER IT. This report, which is the final report for this agreement, documents the completion of the work scope under this ITER TA, designated as TA 81-08.

Richard L. Moore

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

NREL Leads Energy Systems Integration: Issue 4 (Book), Continuum...

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

- A Living Laboratory for Integrated Solutions for a A Renewable Electricity Future Energy Systems Integration Complex Energy World Energy Systems Integration NREL is a national...

170

A sequential partly iterative approach for multicomponent reactive transport with CORE2D

CORE{sup 2D} V4 is a finite element code for modeling partly or fully saturated water flow, heat transport and multicomponent reactive solute transport under both local chemical equilibrium and kinetic conditions. It can handle coupled microbial processes and geochemical reactions such as acid-base, aqueous complexation, redox, mineral dissolution/precipitation, gas dissolution/exsolution, ion exchange, sorption via linear and nonlinear isotherms, sorption via surface complexation. Hydraulic parameters may change due to mineral precipitation/dissolution reactions. Coupled transport and chemical equations are solved by using sequential iterative approaches. A sequential partly-iterative approach (SPIA) is presented which improves the accuracy of the traditional sequential noniterative approach (SNIA) and is more efficient than the general sequential iterative approach (SIA). While SNIA leads to a substantial saving of computing time, it introduces numerical errors which are especially large for cation exchange reactions. SPIA improves the efficiency of SIA because the iteration between transport and chemical equations is only performed in nodes with a large mass transfer between solid and liquid phases. The efficiency and accuracy of SPIA are compared to those of SIA and SNIA using synthetic examples and a case study of reactive transport through the Llobregat Delta aquitard in Spain. SPIA is found to be as accurate as SIA while requiring significantly less CPU time. In addition, SPIA is much more accurate than SNIA with only a minor increase in computing time. A further enhancement of the efficiency of SPIA is achieved by improving the efficiency of the Newton-Raphson method used for solving chemical equations. Such an improvement is obtained by working with increments of log-concentrations and ignoring the terms of the Jacobian matrix containing derivatives of activity coefficients. A proof is given for the symmetry and non-singularity of the Jacobian matrix. Numerical analyses performed with synthetic examples confirm that these modifications improve the efficiency and convergence of the iterative algorithm.

Samper, J.; Xu, T.; Yang, C.

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

The role of heating and current drive in ITER

This report discusses and summarize the role of heating and non-inductive current drive in ITER as: (1) ITER must have heating power sufficient for ignition. (2) The heating system must be capable of current drive. (3) Steady-state operation is an ``ultimate goal.`` It is recognized that additional heating and current drive power (beyond what is initially installed on ITER) may be required. (4) The ``Ultimate goal of steady-state operation`` means steady-state with Q{sub CD} {ge} 5. Unlike the ``Terms of Reference`` for the ITER CDA, the ``ITER Technical Objectives and Approaches`` for the EDA sets no goal for the neutron wall load during steady-state operation. (5) In addition to bulk current drive, the ITER heating and current drive system should be used for current profile control and for burn control.

Nevins, W.M.; Haney, S.

1993-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

172

Iterative Collision Resolution in Wireless Networks

With the growing popularity of smart phones and tablets, development of multimedia applications is on the rise. Speedy transmission of this massive amount information is already pushing the limits of the capacity of wireless networks, and in upcoming years wireless data traffic is projected to continue increasing dramatically. Advances in wireless network throughput are necessary to keep up with society’s data demands. In an uncoordinated wireless communications system, transmissions collide and interfere as multiple users transmit data to a central receiver. Slotted-ALOHA, the conventional method that schedules user transmissions, has only 37% throughput efficiency. However, theoretical results in recent studies suggest that scheduling transmissions over a number of random, fixed timeslots and employing iterative collision resolution techniques achieves optimal throughput efficiency of approximately 100%. This research considers how real-world conditions affect these theoretical results. A MATLAB model was developed create random graphs, representing users transmitting packets over such timeslots, and the packets were resolved by this method. This model was simulated extensively, representing networks of up to 10,000 users over 10,000 to 15,000 timeslots, and the number of packets resolved in each iteration was measured. These simulations have generated empirical data that backs up the theoretical claim. The distribution of the number of packets resolved also led to modifications of the current model to increase the percentage of packets resolved in each iteration. Furthermore, by investigating low density parity check coding techniques, other modifications to the current model can optimize the throughput over several consecutive transmissions where unresolved packets are resent with higher probability of recovery. These results demonstrate the potential of this method in handling uncoordinated transmissions in communications systems, even in the presence of finite conditions. This suggests that this method could eventually be employed in actual wireless systems.

Stuckman, Katherine Christine

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Toward a design for the ITER plasma shape and stability control system

A design strategy for an integrated shaping and stability control algorithm for ITER is described. This strategy exploits the natural multivariable nature of the system so that all poloidal field coils are used to simultaneously control all regulated plasma shape and position parameters. A nonrigid, flux-conserving linearized plasma response model is derived using a variational procedure analogous to the ideal MHD Extended Energy Principle. Initial results are presented for the non-rigid plasma response model approach applied to an example DIII-D equilibrium. For this example, the nonrigid model is found to yield a higher passive growth rate than a rigid current-conserving plasma response model. Multivariable robust controller design methods are discussed and shown to be appropriate for the ITER shape control problem.

Humphreys, D.A.; Leuer, J.A.; Kellman, A.G. [General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States); Haney, S.W.; Bulmer, R.H.; Pearlstein, L.D. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States); Portone, A. [Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Naka, Ibaraki (Japan). ITER Joint Central Team

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

International Workshop: MFE Roadmapping in the ITER Era | Princeton...

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Princeton University Princeton, NJ International Workshop: MFE Roadmapping in the ITER Era Princeton University Princeton, NJ Host: G.H. Neilson Coordinator: Pamela Hampton...

175

Progress in the Safety and Licensing of ITER

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

ITER / Proceedings of the Twentieth Topical Meeting on the Technology of Fusion Energy (TOFE-2012) (Part 1), Nashville, Tennessee, August 27-31, 2012

Neill Taylor; Carlos Alejaldre; Pierre Cortes

176

Extrapolation and Local Acceleration of an Iterative Process for ...

Apr 19, 2012 ... Abstract: We consider sequential iterative processes for the common fixed point problem of families of cutter operators on a Hilbert space.

177

Port-Based Plasma Diagnostic Infrastructure on ITER

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

ITER / Proceedings of the Twentieth Topical Meeting on the Technology of Fusion Energy (TOFE-2012) (Part 1), Nashville, Tennessee, August 27-31, 2012

C. S. Pitcher et al.

178

Optimization Online - On the use of iterative methods in cubic ...

Sep 11, 2013 ... On the use of iterative methods in cubic regularization for unconstrained optimization. Tommaso Bianconcini (tommaso.bianconcini ***at*** ...

179

ITER CS Conductor Helium Inlet Design Optimization and Evaluation

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

R. Leonard Myatt; Nicolai N. Martovetsky; Charlotte Barbier; Kevin D. Freudenberg

180

A synopsis of collective alpha effects and implications for ITER

This paper discusses the following: Alpha Interaction with Toroidal Alfven Eigenmodes; Alpha Interaction with Ballooning Modes; Alpha Interaction with Fishbone Oscillations; and Implications for ITER.

Sigmar, D.J.

1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

While these samples are representative of the content of NLE

they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.

We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLE

to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.

181

President Bush Issues Executive Order Designating ITER International...

Office of Science (SC) Website

to join counterparts from China, the European Union, India, Japan, the Republic of Korea and the Russian Federation at the organization's first meeting of the ITER Council in...

182

ITER Central Solenoid support structure analysis

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The ITER Central Solenoid (CS) is comprised of six independent coils held together by a pre-compression support structure. This structure must provide enough preload to maintain sufficient coil-to-coil contact and interface load throughout the current pulse. End of burn (EOB) represents one of the most extreme time-points doing the reference scenario when the currents in the CS3 coils oppose those of CS1 & CS2. The CS structure is performance limited by the room temperature static yield requirements needed to support the roughly 180 MN preload to resist coil separation during operation. This preload is applied by inner and external tie plates along the length of the coil stack by mechanical fastening methods utilizing Superbolt technology. The preloading structure satisfies the magnet structural design criteria of ITER and will be verified during mockup studies. The solenoid is supported from the bottom of the toroidal field (TF) coil casing in both the vertical radial directions. The upper support of the CS coil structure maintains radial registration with the TF coil in the event of vertical disruptions (VDE) loads and earthquakes. All of these structure systems are analyzed via a global finite element analysis (FEA). The model includes a complete sector of the TF coil and the CS coil/structure in one self-consistent analysis. The corresponding results and design descriptions are described in this report.

Freudenberg, Kevin D [ORNL; Myatt, R. [Myatt Consulting, Norfolk, MA

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

The Least-Intensity Feasible Solution for Aperture-Based Inverse ...

Mar 12, 2002 ... the origin, thus being of least intensity or least energy. We present a new iterative , primal-dual, algorithm for finding the LIF solution and explain ...

184

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new endoscope with optimised divertor view has been developed in order to survey and monitor the emission of specific impurities such as tungsten and the remaining carbon as well as beryllium in the tungsten divertor of JET after the implementation of the ITER-like wall in 2011. The endoscope is a prototype for testing an ITER relevant design concept based on reflective optics only. It may be subject to high neutron fluxes as expected in ITER. The operating wavelength range, from 390 nm to 2500 nm, allows the measurements of the emission of all expected impurities (W I, Be II, C I, C II, C III) with high optical transmittance ({>=}30% in the designed wavelength range) as well as high spatial resolution that is {ITER relevant shutter system based on pneumatic techniques has been developed and integrated into the endoscope head. The endoscope is equipped with four digital CCD cameras, each combined with two filter wheels for narrow band interference and neutral density filters. Additionally, two protection cameras in the {lambda} > 0.95 {mu}m range have been integrated in the optical design for the real time wall protection during the plasma operation of JET.

Huber, A.; Brezinsek, S.; Mertens, Ph.; Schweer, B.; Sergienko, G.; Terra, A.; Clever, M.; Lambertz, H. T.; Samm, U. [Institute of Energy and Climate Research - Plasma Physics, Forschungszentrum Juelich, EURATOM Association, Trilateral Euregio Cluster, D-52425 Juelich (Germany); Arnoux, G.; Balshaw, N.; Edlingdon, T.; Farthing, J.; Matthews, G. F.; Riccardo, V.; Sanders, S.; Stamp, M.; Williams, J.; Zastrow, K. D. [Euratom/CCFE Fusion Association, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon, OX14 3DB (United Kingdom); Egner, S. [Kayser-Threde GmbH, D-81379 Munich (Germany); and others

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

185

The present position paper addresses contemporary waste management options, weaknesses and opportunities faced by Hellenic local authorities. It focuses on state-of-the-art, tested as well as innovative, environmental management tools on a municipal scale and identifies a range of different collaboration schemes between local authorities and related service providers. Currently, a policy implementation gap is still experienced among Hellenic local authorities; it appears that administration at the local level is inadequate to manage and implement many of the general policies proposed; identify, collect, monitor and assess relevant data; and safeguard efficient and effective implementation of MSWM practices in the framework of integrated environmental management as well. This shortfall is partly due to the decentralisation of waste management issues to local authorities without a parallel substantial budgetary and capacity support, thus resulting in local activity remaining often disoriented and isolated from national strategies, therefore yielding significant planning and implementation problems and delays against pressing issues at hand as well as loss or poor use of available funds. This paper develops a systemic approach for MSWM at both the household and the non-household level, summarizes state-of-the-art available tools and compiles a set of guidelines for developing waste management master plans at the municipal level. It aims to provide a framework in the MSWM field for municipalities in Greece as well as other countries facing similar problems under often comparable socioeconomic settings.

Zotos, G. [Division of Business Studies, Dept. of Economics, Aristotle University, GR-54124, Thessaloniki (Greece); Karagiannidis, A. [Laboratory of Heat Transfer and Environmental Engineering, Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, Aristotle University, GR-54124, Thessaloniki (Greece); Zampetoglou, S. [Municipal Development Company of Kalamaria, GR-55132 (Greece); Malamakis, A. [Laboratory of Heat Transfer and Environmental Engineering, Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, Aristotle University, GR-54124, Thessaloniki (Greece)], E-mail: amalama@aix.meng.auth.gr; Antonopoulos, I.-S.; Kontogianni, S. [Laboratory of Heat Transfer and Environmental Engineering, Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, Aristotle University, GR-54124, Thessaloniki (Greece); Tchobanoglous, G. [Department of civil and environmental Engineering, University of California, Davis (United States)

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

186

ITER, fusion and the power reactor Leonid E. Zakharov,

came from outside of the FES "street light spot" when propulsion of lithium was invented as potentially the fusion research in the World. It also should affect the US approach to the reactor. 1 ITER and the basic reactor, it is necessary to realize that the ITER project, although vital for keeping fusion research

Zakharov, Leonid E.

187

Iterated local search for biclustering of microarray data

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the context of microarray data analysis, biclustering aims to identify simultaneously a group of genes that are highly correlated across a group of experimental conditions. This paper presents a Biclustering Iterative Local Search (BILS) algorithm ... Keywords: analysis of DNA microarray data, biclustering, evaluation function, iterative local search

Wassim Ayadi; Mourad Elloumi; Jin-Kao Hao

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Multi-sensor calibration through iterative registration and fusion

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, a new multi-sensor calibration approach, called iterative registration and fusion (IRF), is presented. The key idea of this approach is to use surfaces reconstructed from multiple point clouds to enhance the registration accuracy and robustness. ... Keywords: B-spline surface reconstruction, Iterative closest point (ICP), Kalman filter, Registration, Sensor calibration

Yunbao Huang; Xiaoping Qian; Shiliang Chen

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Microsoft Word - Second_ ITER Council Press Release.doc

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Neil Calder Neil Calder Tel: 00 33 (0)6 14 16 41 75 ITER GAINS MOMENTUM Aomori, Japan 18 June 2008 On 17-18 June 2008, the ITER Council, the Governing Body of the new international Organization, convened for its second meeting. The two day meeting in Aomori, Japan, brought together senior representatives from the seven ITER Members: China, the European Union, India, Japan, Korea, Russia and the United States. Mr. Shingo Mimura, Governor of the Aomori Prefecture, welcomed delegates with a reminder of the global significance of the ITER project. "At a time when stable energy supplies and the promotion of strategies to tackle climate change are topics of global concern, the world is watching the ITER project. Implemented by seven parties that together make up half

190

ITER Central Solenoid Coil Insulation Qualification

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An insulation system for ITER Central Solenoid must have sufficiently high electrical and structural strength. Design efforts to bring stresses in the turn and layer insulation within allowables failed. It turned out to be impossible to eliminate high local tensile stresses in the winding pack. When high local stresses can not be designed out, the qualification procedure requires verification of the acceptable structural and electrical strength by testing. We built two 4x4 arrays of the conductor jacket with two options of the CS insulation and subjected the arrays to 1.2 million compressive cycles at 60 MPa and at 76 K. Such conditions simulated stresses in the CS insulation. We performed voltage withstand tests and after end of cycling we measured the breakdown voltages between in the arrays. After that we dissectioned the arrays and studied micro cracks in the insulation. We report details of the specimens preparation, test procedures and test results.

Martovetsky, Nicolai N [ORNL; Mann Jr, Thomas Latta [ORNL; Miller, John L [ORNL; Freudenberg, Kevin D [ORNL; Reed, Richard P [Cryogenic Materials, Inc.; Walsh, Robert P [Florida State University; McColskey, J D [National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), Boulder; Evans, D [Advanced Cryogenic Materials

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

ITER CENTRAL SOLENOID COIL INSULATION QUALIFICATION

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An insulation system for ITER Central Solenoid must have sufficiently high electrical and structural strength. Design efforts to bring stresses in the turn and layer insulation within allowables failed. It turned out to be impossible to eliminate high local tensile stresses in the winding pack. When high local stresses can not be designed out, the qualification procedure requires verification of the acceptable structural and electrical strength by testing. We built two 4 x 4 arrays of the conductor jacket with two options of the CS insulation and subjected the arrays to 1.2 million compressive cycles at 60 MPa and at 76 K. Such conditions simulated stresses in the CS insulation. We performed voltage withstand tests and after end of cycling we measured the breakdown voltages between in the arrays. After that we dissectioned the arrays and studied micro cracks in the insulation. We report details of the specimens preparation, test procedures and test results.

Martovetsky, N N; Mann, T L; Miller, J R; Freudenberg, K D; Reed, R P; Walsh, R P; McColskey, J D; Evans, D

2009-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

192

Complexation of Actinides in Solution: Thermodynamic Measurements and Structural Characterization

of Actinides in Solution: Thermodynamic Measurements andAn integrated approach of thermodynamic measurements andAn integrated approach of thermodynamic measurements and

Rao, L.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Iterative method to compute the Fermat points and Fermat distances of multiquarks

The multiquark confining potential is proportional to the total distance of the fundamental strings linking the quarks and antiquarks. We address the computation of the total string distance an of the Fermat points where the different strings meet. For a meson (quark-antiquark system) the distance is trivially the quark-antiquark distance. For a baryon (three quark system) the problem was solved geometrically from the onset, by Fermat and by Torricelli. The geometrical solution can be determined just with a rule and a compass, but translation of the geometrical solution to an analytical expression is not as trivial. For tetraquarks, pentaquarks, hexaquarks, etc, the geometrical solution is much more complicated. Here we provide an iterative method, converging fast to the correct Fermat points and the total distances, relevant for the multiquark potentials. We also review briefly the geometrical methods leading to the Fermat points and to the total distances.

P. Bicudo; M. Cardoso

2008-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

194

Fermi-Dirac integrals in terms of Zeta Functions

This paper shows the Fermi-Dirac Integrals expressed in terms of Riemann and Hurwitz Zeta functions. This is done by defining an auxiliar function that permits rewrite the Fermi-Dirac integral in terms of simpler and known integrals resulting in the Zeta functions mentioned. The approach used here evades the use of iterative methods for the integrals and presents a generalization in a refereed interval, one that complements Sommerfeld lemma.

Michael Morales

2009-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

195

Alpha Heating in ITER L-mode and H-mode Plasma

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There are many uses of predictions of ITER plasma performance. One is assessing requirements of different plasma regimes. For instance, what current drive and control are needed for steady state. The heating, current drive, and torque systems planned for initial DT operation are negative ion neutral beam injection (NB), ion cyclotron resonance (IC), and electron cyclotron resonance (EC). Which combinations of heating are optimal. What are benefits of the torques, current drive, and fueling using NB. What are the shine-through power and optimum voltage for the NB? What are optimal locations and aiming of the EC launchers? Another application is nuclear licensing (e.g. System integrity, how many neutrons).

R.V. Budny

2011-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

196

Concept development for the ITER equatorial port visible/infrared wide angle viewing system

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The ITER equatorial port visible/infrared wide angle viewing system concept is developed from the measurement requirements. The proposed solution situates 4 viewing systems in the equatorial ports 3, 9, 12, and 17 with 4 views each (looking at the upper target, the inner divertor, and tangentially left and right). This gives sufficient coverage. The spatial resolution of the divertor system is 2 times higher than the other views. For compensation of vacuum-vessel movements, an optical hinge concept is proposed. Compactness and low neutron streaming is achieved by orienting port plug doglegs horizontally. Calibration methods, risks, and R and D topics are outlined.

Reichle, R.; Beaumont, B.; Boilson, D.; Bouhamou, R.; Direz, M.-F.; Encheva, A.; Henderson, M.; Kazarian, F.; Lamalle, Ph.; Lisgo, S.; Mitteau, R.; Patel, K. M.; Pitcher, C. S.; Pitts, R. A.; Prakash, A.; Raffray, R.; Schunke, B.; Snipes, J.; Diaz, A. Suarez; Udintsev, V. S. [ITER Organization, Route de Vinon-sur-Verdon, 13115 St Paul-lez-Durance (France); and others

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

197

On the iterated Crank-Nicolson for hyperbolic and parabolic equations in numerical relativity

The iterated Crank-Nicolson is a predictor-corrector algorithm commonly used in numerical relativity for the solution of both hyperbolic and parabolic partial differential equations. We here extend the recent work on the stability of this scheme for hyperbolic equations by investigating the properties when the average between the predicted and corrected values is made with unequal weights and when the scheme is applied to a parabolic equation. We also propose a variant of the scheme in which the coefficients in the averages are swapped between two corrections leading to systematically larger amplification factors and to a smaller numerical dispersion.

Gregor Leiler; Luciano Rezzolla

2006-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

198

An Iterative Method for Constructing Equilibrium Phase Models of Stellar Systems

We present a new method for constructing equilibrium phase models for stellar systems, which we call the iterative method. It relies on constrained, or guided evolution, so that the equilibrium solution has a number of desired parameters and/or constraints. This method is very powerful, to a large extent due to its simplicity. It can be used for mass distributions with an arbitrary geometry and a large variety of kinematical constraints. We present several examples illustrating it. Applications of this method include the creation of initial conditions for N-body simulations and the modelling of galaxies from their photometric and kinematic observations.

S. A. Rodionov; E. Athanassoula; N. Ya Sotnikova

2008-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

199

An efficient two-step solution for vision-based pose determination of a parallel manipulator

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A vision sensor for the direct pose determination of a parallel manipulator can extend the manipulators capabilities in many aspects. The existing approaches to a solution to the pose problem fall into two distinct categories: analytical solutions and ... Keywords: Analytical methods, Iterative methods, Parallel manipulator, Parallelogram, Point correspondence, Pose determination, Two-step solution, Vision sensor

Shuping Zhang; Yongsheng Ding; Kuangrong Hao; Dan Zhang

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

A spatial multigrid iterative method for two-dimensional discrete-ordinates transport problems

Iterative solutions of the Boltzmann transport equation are computationally intensive. Spatial multigrid methods have led to efficient iterative algorithms for solving a variety of partial differential equations; thus, it is natural to explore their application to transport equations. Manteuffel et al. conducted such an exploration in one spatial dimension, using two-cell inversions as the relaxation or smoothing operation, and reported excellent results. In this dissertation we extensively test Manteuffel??s one-dimensional method and our modified versions thereof. We demonstrate that the performance of such spatial multigrid methods can degrade significantly given strong heterogeneities. We also extend Manteuffel??s basic approach to two-dimensional problems, employing four-cell inversions for the relaxation operation. We find that for uniform homogeneous problems the two-dimensional multigrid method is not as rapidly convergent as the one-dimensional method. For strongly heterogeneous problems the performance of the two-dimensional method is much like that of the one-dimensional method, which means it can be slow to converge. We conclude that this approach to spatial multigrid produces a method that converges rapidly for many problems but not for others. That is, this spatial multigrid method is not unconditionally rapidly convergent. However, our analysis of the distribution of eigenvalues of the iteration operators indicates that this spatial multigrid method may work very well as a preconditioner within a Krylov iteration algorithm, because its eigenvalues tend to be relatively well clustered. Further exploration of this promising result appears to be a fruitful area of further research.

Lansrud, Brian David

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

While these samples are representative of the content of NLE

they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.

We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLE

to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.

201

Iterative Decoding and Turbo Equalization: The Z-Crease Phenomenon

Iterative probabilistic inference, popularly dubbed the soft-iterative paradigm, has found great use in a wide range of communication applications, including turbo decoding and turbo equalization. The classic approach of analyzing the iterative approach inevitably use the statistical and information-theoretical tools that bear ensemble-average flavors. This paper consider the per-block error rate performance, and analyzes it using nonlinear dynamical theory. By modeling the iterative processor as a nonlinear dynamical system, we report a universal "Z-crease phenomenon:" the zig-zag or up-and-down fluctuation -- rather than the monotonic decrease -- of the per-block errors, as the number of iteration increases. Using the turbo decoder as an example, we also report several interesting motion phenomenons which were not previously reported, and which appear to correspond well with the notion of "pseudo codewords" and "stopping/trapping sets." We further propose a heuristic stopping criterion to control Z-crease and identify the best iteration. Our stopping criterion is most useful for controlling the worst-case per-block errors, and helps to significantly reduce the average-iteration numbers.

Jing Li; Kai Xie

2013-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

202

Mission of ITER and Challenges for the Young

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is recognized that the ongoing effort to provide sufficient energy for the wellbeing of the globe's population and to power the world economy is of the greatest importance. ITER is a joint international research and development project that aims to demonstrate the scientific and technical feasibility of fusion power. It represents the responsible actions of governments whose countries comprise over half the world's population, to create fusion power as a source of clean, economic, carbon dioxide-free energy. This is the most important science initiative of our time.The partners in the Project--the ITER Parties--are the European Union, Japan, the People's Republic of China, India, the Republic of Korea, the Russian Federation and the USA. ITER will be constructed in Europe, at Cadarache in the South of France. The talk will illustrate the genesis of the ITER Organization, the ongoing work at the Cadarache site and the planned schedule for construction. There will also be an explanation of the unique aspects of international collaboration that have been developed for ITER.Although the present focus of the project is construction activities, ITER is also a major scientific and technological research program, for which the best of the world's intellectual resources is needed. Challenges for the young, imperative for fulfillment of the objective of ITER will be identified. It is important that young students and researchers worldwide recognize the rapid development of the project, and the fundamental issues that must be overcome in ITER.The talk will also cover the exciting career and fellowship opportunities for young people at the ITER Organization.

Ikeda, Kaname [Director General, ITER Organization Cadarache Centre, 13108 St Paul lez Durance (France)

2009-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

203

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...The structure of a binary solid solution is shown schematically in Fig. 13. Three types of interatomic bonds

204

Conference on iterative methods for large linear systems

This conference is dedicated to providing an overview of the state of the art in the use of iterative methods for solving sparse linear systems with an eye to contributions of the past, present and future. The emphasis is on identifying current and future research directions in the mainstream of modern scientific computing. Recently, the use of iterative methods for solving linear systems has experienced a resurgence of activity as scientists attach extremely complicated three-dimensional problems using vector and parallel supercomputers. Many research advances in the development of iterative methods for high-speed computers over the past forty years are reviewed, as well as focusing on current research.

Kincaid, D.R. [comp.

1988-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

M. Angelone; P. Batistoni; F. Moro; M. Pillon; R. Villari; M. Loughlin

206

Prototype to Test METHOD Prototyping to test is the iterative generation of low-resolution artifacts that probe different aspects of your design solution or design space. The fundamental way we test our prototypes is by letting users experience them and react to them. In creating prototypes to test

Prinz, Friedrich B.

207

Resent Status of ITER Equatorial Launcher Development

The ITER equatorial launcher is divided into a front shield and a port plug. The front shield is composed of fourteen blanket shield modules so as to form three openings for the injection of mm-wave beams into plasma. Twenty-four waveguide transmission lines, internal shields, cooling pipes and so on are installed in the port plug. The transmission lines consist of the corrugated waveguides, miter bends and the free space propagation region utilizing two mirrors in front of the waveguide outlet. The analysis of mm-wave beam propagation in the region shows that the transmission efficiency more than 99.5% is attained. The high power experiments of the launcher mock-up have been carried out and the measured field patterns at each mirror and the outlet of the launcher are agreed with the calculations. It is concluded that the transmission line components in the launcher mock-up are fabricated as designed and the present mm-wave design in the launcher is feasible.

Takahashi, K.; Kajiwara, K.; Kasugai, A.; Oda, Y.; Kobayashi, N.; Sakamoto, K. [Japan Atomic Energy Agency, 801-1, Naka Ibaraki, 311-0193 (Japan)

2009-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

208

Experimental vertical stability studies for ITER performance and design

Operating experimental devices have provided key inputs to the design process for ITER axisymmetric control. In particular, experiments have quantified controllability and robustness requirements in the presence of realistic ...

Hutchinson, Ian H.

209

An Iterative EnKF for Strongly Nonlinear Systems

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The study considers an iterative formulation of the ensemble Kalman filter (EnKF) for strongly nonlinear systems in the perfect-model framework. In the first part, a scheme is introduced that is similar to the ensemble randomized maximal ...

Pavel Sakov; Dean S. Oliver; Laurent Bertino

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

United States and International Partners Initial ITER Agreement |

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

International Partners Initial ITER Agreement International Partners Initial ITER Agreement United States and International Partners Initial ITER Agreement May 24, 2006 - 10:48am Addthis Paves the Way for Large-Scale, Clean Fusion Energy Project BRUSSELS, BELGIUM - Representing the United States, Dr. Raymond L. Orbach, Director of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Science, joined counterparts from China, the European Union, India, Japan, the Republic of Korea, and the Russian Federation today to initial an agreement to construct ITER, an international fusion energy project. Fusion energy is an important component of President Bush's Advanced Energy Initiative (AEI), given fusion's potential to become an attractive long-range option for the U.S. clean energy portfolio. In FY 2006, DOE allocated $25

211

Monitoring a multi-agent system evolution through iterative development

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Iterative development is a well know project management technique which has notably been popularized in object-oriented development through the use of the Rational Unified Process. Such an approach is nevertheless always driven by milestones rules on ...

Yves Wautelet; Manuel Kolp

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Accelerating Data Transfers In Iterative MapReduce Bingjing Zhang

Words-Iterative MapReduce; Data-intensive applications; Data transfer; Broadcasting; Shuffling; Fat-Tree topology I solvers and basic matrix primitives as the common computing kernels for computer vision, rendering

213

Policy iteration based on a learned transition model

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper investigates a reinforcement learning method that combines learning a model of the environment with least-squares policy iteration (LSPI). The LSPI algorithm learns a linear approximation of the optimal state-action value function; the idea ...

Vivek Ramavajjala; Charles Elkan

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

On-the-fly progress detection in iterative stream queries

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Multiple researchers have proposed cyclic query plans for evaluating iterative queries over streams or rapidly changing input. The Declarative Networking community uses cyclic plans to evaluate Datalog programs that track reachability and other graph ...

Badrish Chandramouli; Jonathan Goldstein; David Maier

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) neutral beam design

This report discusses the following topics on ITER neutral beam design: ion dump; neutralizer and module gas flow analysis; vacuum system; cryogenic system; maintainability; power distribution; and system cost.

Myers, T.J.; Brook, J.W.; Spampinato, P.T.; Mueller, J.P.; Luzzi, T.E.; Sedgley, D.W. (Grumman Corp., Bethpage, NY (USA). Space Systems Div.)

1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

An Iterative Radiative Transfer Code For Ocean-Atmosphere Systems

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We describe the details of an iterative radiative transfer code for computing the intensity and degree of polarization of diffuse radiation in models of the ocean-atmosphere system. The present code neglects the upwelling radiation from below the ...

Ziauddin Ahmad; Robert S. Fraser

1982-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

JET physics in support of ITER: Results and future work

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The JET Programme to 1999 concentrates on issues that must be solved before a decision to construct ITER can be taken. The paper discusses three areas representative of the physics support provided: confinement studies

M. Keilhacker; and the JET Team

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Development of the ITER magnetic diagnostic set and specification

ITER magnetic diagnostics are now in their detailed design and R and D phase. They have passed their conceptual design reviews and a working diagnostic specification has been prepared aimed at the ITER project requirements. This paper highlights specific design progress, in particular, for the in-vessel coils, steady state sensors, saddle loops and divertor sensors. Key changes in the measurement specifications, and a working concept of software and electronics are also outlined.

Vayakis, G.; Delhom, D.; Encheva, A.; Giacomin, T.; Jones, L.; Patel, K. M.; Portales, M.; Prieto, D.; Simrock, S.; Snipes, J. A.; Udintsev, V. S.; Watts, C.; Winter, A.; Zabeo, L. [ITER Organization, Route de Vinon, F-13115 St Paul lez Durance (France); Arshad, S.; Perez-Lasala, M.; Sartori, F. [Fusion for Energy, Barcelona (Spain)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

219

Test blanket modules in ITER: An overview on proposed designs and required DEMO-relevant materials

Test blanket modules in ITER: An overview on proposed designs and required DEMO-relevant materials, Russian Federation Abstract Within the framework of the ITER Test Blanket Working Group, the ITER Parties have made several proposals for test blanket modules to be tested in ITER from the first day of H

Abdou, Mohamed

220

Visible and Infrared Optical Design for the ITER Upper Ports

This document contains the results of an optical design scoping study of visible-light and infrared optics for the ITER upper ports, performed by LLNL under contract for the US ITER Project Office. ITER is an international collaboration to build a large fusion energy tokamak with a goal of demonstrating net fusion power for pulses much longer than the energy confinement time. At the time of this report, six of the ITER upper ports are planned to each to contain a camera system for recording visible and infrared light, as well as other diagnostics. the performance specifications for the temporal and spatial resolution of this system are shown in the Section II, Functional Specifications. They acknowledge a debt to Y. Corre and co-authors of the CEA Cadarache report ''ITER wide-angle viewing and thermographic and visible system''. Several of the concepts used in this design are derived from that CEA report. The infrared spatial resolution for optics of this design is diffraction-limited by the size of the entrance aperture, at lower resolution than listed in the ITER diagnostic specifications. The size of the entrance aperture is a trade-off between spatial resolution, optics size in the port, and the location of relay optics. The signal-to-noise ratio allows operation at the specified time resolutions.

Lasnier, C; Seppala, L; Morris, K; Groth, M; Fenstermacher, M; Allen, S; Synakowski, E; Ortiz, J

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

While these samples are representative of the content of NLE

they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.

We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLE

to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.

221

Development and Integration Issues and Solutions

demand Spanish peak demands 45 GW and offpeak demands of 1925 GW. Maximum demand 41318 MW 13:26 h 19/07/2010 Maximum demand 45.455 MW 18:50 h 17/12/2007 #12;10 Stop at 12:00 h and demonstration at 19:00 h. Daily Regime Daily and Intradaily Market Demand bids Energy flows Communication Transmission network REE System

222

Finite-Element Solutions of Free-Interface Density Currents

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An interface-adaptive finite-element iteration scheme is designed to solve for the free interface of an inviscid steady-state density current. The method is also applied to free-surface flows over finite obstacles, but convergent solutions are ...

Qin Xu; Fu-Shen Zhang; Guang-Ping Lou

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

US Integrated Waste Services Association | Open Energy Information

to: navigation, search Name US Integrated Waste Services Association Place Washington, DC Product Focussed on promoting integrated solutions to municipal solid waste management...

224

This invention is directed to an aqueous halogen-free electromarking solution which possesses the capacity for marking a broad spectrum of metals and alloys selected from different classes. The aqueous solution comprises basically the nitrate salt of an amphoteric metal, a chelating agent, and a corrosion-inhibiting agent.

Bullock, Jonathan S. (Oak Ridge, TN); Harper, William L. (Wartburg, TN); Peck, Charles G. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1976-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

225

Integrated Deployment | Department of Energy

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Integrated Deployment Integrated Deployment Integrated Deployment Integrated technology deployment uses a comprehensive approach to implement a variety of efficiency and renewable energy technology solutions in communities and cities, federal agencies, international locations, and states and territories. need_alt Community Renewable Energy Deployment Webinars Hear about successful community renewable energy projects, including the challenges and barriers faced during development. Learn more Integrated Deployment Projects The following projects provide examples of how the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory have used an integrated approach to address various location-specific energy challenges that is both scalable and replicable around the world:

226

President Bush Issues Executive Order Designating ITER International Fusion

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

President President Bush Issues Executive Order Designating ITER International Fusion Energy Organization A Public Interest Organization News Featured Articles Science Headlines 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 Presentations & Testimony News Archives Contact Information Office of Science U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (202) 586-5430 11.19.07 President Bush Issues Executive Order Designating ITER International Fusion Energy Organization A Public Interest Organization Print Text Size: A A A Subscribe FeedbackShare Page November 19, 2007 The White House today announced that President Bush has issued an Executive Order designating the ITER International Fusion Energy Organization as a public international organization. For the purposes of the International

227

Twice-iterated boson-exchange scattering amplitudes

We calculate at two-loop order the complex-valued scattering amplitude related to the twice-iterated scalar-isovector boson-exchange between nucleons. In comparison to the once-iterated boson-exchange amplitude it shows less dependence on the scattering angle. We calculate also the iteration of the (static) irreducible one-loop potential with the one-boson exchange and find similar features. Together with the irreducible three-boson exchange potentials and the two-boson exchange potentials with vertex corrections, which are also evaluated analytically, our results comprise all nonrelativistic contributions from scalar-isovector boson-exchange at one- and two-loop order. The applied methods can be straightforwardly adopted to the pseudoscalar pion with its spin- and momentum-dependent couplings to the nucleon.

N. Kaiser

2006-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

228

Independent Activity Report, Washington River Protection Solutions -

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Washington River Protection Solutions Washington River Protection Solutions - September 2010 Independent Activity Report, Washington River Protection Solutions - September 2010 September 2010 Participation in the Washington River Protection Solutions, LLC Integrated Safety Management System Annual Review The U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Independent Oversight, within the Office of Health, Safety and Security (HSS), participated in the review of the Washington River Protection Solutions, LLC Integrated Safety Management System Annual Review for 2010. The review was conducted during the period of August 23 to September 2, 2010, and focused on six functional areas: corrective action management, work planning and control, radiological protection, environmental protection, emergency preparedness, and

229

State and Local Solution Center: Financing Solutions

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Technical Assistance Technical Assistance Resources Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to State and Local Solution Center: Financing Solutions to someone by E-mail Share State and Local Solution Center: Financing Solutions on Facebook Tweet about State and Local Solution Center: Financing Solutions on Twitter Bookmark State and Local Solution Center: Financing Solutions on Google Bookmark State and Local Solution Center: Financing Solutions on Delicious Rank State and Local Solution Center: Financing Solutions on Digg Find More places to share State and Local Solution Center: Financing Solutions on AddThis.com... Strategic Energy Planning Energy Policies & Programs Financing Financing Overview Financing Program Market Segments Energy Data Management Energy Technologies

230

Iterative inverse kinematics with manipulator configuration control

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new method, termed the offset modification method (OM method), for solving the manipulator inverse kinematics problem is presented. The OM method works by modifying the link offset values of a manipulator until it is possible to derive closed-form inverse kinematics equations for the resulting manipulator (termed the model manipulator). This procedure allows one to derive a set of three nonlinear equations in three unknowns that, when numerically solved, give an inverse kinematics solution for the original manipulator. The OM method can be applied to manipulators with any number of degrees of freedom, as long as the manipulator satisfies a given set of conditions (Theorem 1). The OM method is tested on a 6-degree-of-freedom manipulator that has no known closed-form inverse kinematics equations. It is shown that the OM method is applicable to real-time manipulator control, can be used to guarantee convergence to a desired endpoint position and orientation (if it exists), and allows one to directly choose which inverse kinematics solution the algorithm will converge to (as specified in the model manipulator closed-form inverse kinematics equations). Applications of the method to other 6-DOF manipulator geometries and to redundant manipulators (i.e. greater than 6 DOF geometries) are discussed.

Grudic, G.Z.; Lawrence, P.D. [Univ. of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia (Canada). Dept. of Electrical Engineering] [Univ. of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia (Canada). Dept. of Electrical Engineering

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Modeling and Simulation of the ITER First Wall/Blanket Primary Heat Transfer System

ITER inductive power operation is modeled and simulated using a thermal-hydraulics system code (RELAP5) integrated with a 3-D CFD (SC-Tetra) code. The Primary Heat Transfer System (PHTS) functions are predicted together with the main parameters operational ranges. The control algorithm strategy and derivation are summarized as well. The First Wall and Blanket modules are the primary components of PHTS, used to remove the major part of the thermal heat from the plasma. The modules represent a set of flow channels in solid metal structure that serve to absorb the radiation heat and nuclear heating from the fusion reactions and to provide shield for the vacuum vessel. The blanket modules are water cooled. The cooling is forced convective with constant blanket inlet temperature and mass flow rate. Three independent water loops supply coolant to the three blanket sectors. The main equipment of each loop consists of a pump, a steam pressurizer and a heat exchanger. A major feature of ITER is the pulsed operation. The plasma does not burn continuously, but on intervals with large periods of no power between them. This specific feature causes design challenges to accommodate the thermal expansion of the coolant during the pulse period and requires active temperature control to maintain a constant blanket inlet temperature.

Ying, Alice [University of California, Los Angeles; Popov, Emilian L [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Diagnostics of the ITER neutral beam test facility

The ITER heating neutral beam (HNB) injector, based on negative ions accelerated at 1 MV, will be tested and optimized in the SPIDER source and MITICA full injector prototypes, using a set of diagnostics not available on the ITER HNB. The RF source, where the H{sup -}/D{sup -} production is enhanced by cesium evaporation, will be monitored with thermocouples, electrostatic probes, optical emission spectroscopy, cavity ring down, and laser absorption spectroscopy. The beam is analyzed by cooling water calorimetry, a short pulse instrumented calorimeter, beam emission spectroscopy, visible tomography, and neutron imaging. Design of the diagnostic systems is presented.

Pasqualotto, R.; Serianni, G.; Agostini, M.; Brombin, M.; Dalla Palma, M.; Gazza, E.; Pomaro, N.; Rizzolo, A.; Spolaore, M.; Zaniol, B. [Consorzio RFX, Associazione EURATOM-ENEA sulla Fusione, Corso Stati Uniti 4, I-35127 Padova (Italy); Sonato, P.; De Muri, M. [Consorzio RFX, Associazione EURATOM-ENEA sulla Fusione, Corso Stati Uniti 4, I-35127 Padova (Italy); Dipartimento di Ingegneria Elettrica, Padova University (Italy); Croci, G. [Istituto di Fisica del Plasma, Associazione EURATOM-ENEA-CNR, Milano (Italy); Gorini, G. [Istituto di Fisica del Plasma, Associazione EURATOM-ENEA-CNR, Milano (Italy); CNISM, Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca, Milano (Italy)

2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

233

Iterated Differential Forms IV: C-Spectral Sequence

For the multiple differential algebra of iterated differential forms (see math.DG/0605113 and math.DG/0609287) on a diffiety (O,C) an analogue of C-spectral sequence is constructed. The first term of it is naturally interpreted as the algebra of secondary iterated differential forms on (O,C). This allows to develop secondary tensor analysis on generic diffieties, some simplest elements of which are sketched here. The presented here general theory will be specified to infinite jet spaces and infinitely prolonged PDEs in subsequent notes.

A. M. Vinogradov; L. Vitagliano

2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

234

STELLOPT Modeling of the 3D Diagnostic Response in ITER

The ITER three dimensional diagnostic response to an n=3 resonant magnetic perturbation is modeled using the STELLOPT code. The in-vessel coils apply a resonant magnetic perturbation (RMP) fi eld which generates a 4 cm edge displacement from axisymmetry as modeled by the VMEC 3D equilibrium code. Forward modeling of flux loop and magnetic probe response with the DIAGNO code indicates up to 20 % changes in measured plasma signals. Simulated LIDAR measurements of electron temperature indicate 2 cm shifts on the low field side of the plasma. This suggests that the ITER diagnostic will be able to diagnose the 3D structure of the equilibria.

Lazerson, Samuel A

2013-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

235

Power radiated from ITER and CIT by impurities

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The MIST code has been used to model impurity radiation from the edge and core plasmas in ITER and CIT. A broad range of parameters have been varied, including Z{sub eff}, impurity species, impurity transport coefficients, and plasma temperature and density profiles, especially at the edge. For a set of these parameters representative of the baseline ITER ignition scenario, it is seen that impurity radiation, which is produced in roughly equal amounts by the edge and core regions, can make a major improvement in divertor operation without compromising core energy confinement. Scalings of impurity radiation with atomic number and machine size are also discussed. 22 refs., 16 figs.

Cummings, J.; Cohen, S.A.; Hulse, R.; Post, D.E.; Redi, M.H.; Perkins, J.

1990-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

NREL: Transmission Grid Integration - Issues Affecting Renewable...

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

issues related to the integration of renewable energy sources into the transmission system. Developing solutions to these challenges will enable higher penetrations of...

237

Numerical Solution of the Expanding Stellar Atmosphere Problem

In this paper we discuss numerical methods and algorithms for the solution of NLTE stellar atmosphere problems involving expanding atmospheres, e.g., found in novae, supernovae and stellar winds. We show how a scheme of nested iterations can be used to reduce the high dimension of the problem to a number of problems with smaller dimensions. As examples of these sub-problems, we discuss the numerical solution of the radiative transfer equation for relativistically expanding media with spherical symmetry, the solution of the multi-level non-LTE statistical equilibrium problem for extremely large model atoms, and our temperature correction procedure. Although modern iteration schemes are very efficient, parallel algorithms are essential in making large scale calculations feasible, therefore we discuss some parallelization schemes that we have developed.

Hauschildt, P H

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Numerical Solution of the Expanding Stellar Atmosphere Problem

In this paper we discuss numerical methods and algorithms for the solution of NLTE stellar atmosphere problems involving expanding atmospheres, e.g., found in novae, supernovae and stellar winds. We show how a scheme of nested iterations can be used to reduce the high dimension of the problem to a number of problems with smaller dimensions. As examples of these sub-problems, we discuss the numerical solution of the radiative transfer equation for relativistically expanding media with spherical symmetry, the solution of the multi-level non-LTE statistical equilibrium problem for extremely large model atoms, and our temperature correction procedure. Although modern iteration schemes are very efficient, parallel algorithms are essential in making large scale calculations feasible, therefore we discuss some parallelization schemes that we have developed.

P. H. Hauschildt; E. Baron

1998-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

239

An iterative multiscale finite volume algorithm converging to the exact solution

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The multiscale finite volume (MsFV) method has been developed to efficiently solve large heterogeneous problems (elliptic or parabolic); it is usually employed for pressure equations and delivers conservative flux fields to be used in transport problems. ... Keywords: Conservative methods, Domain decomposition, Linear solver, Multiscale finite volume method, Preconditioner splitting, Projection methods

Ivan Lunati; Manav Tyagi; Seong H. Lee

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

PTRANSP Tests of TGLF and Predictions for ITER

A new numerical solver for stiff transport predictions has been developed and implemented in the PTRANSP predictive transport code. The TGLF and GLF23 predictive codes have been incorporated in the solver, verified by comparisons with predictions from the XPTOR code, and validated by comparing predicted and measured profiles. Predictions for ITER baseline plasmas are presented.

Robert V. Budny, Xingqiu Yuan, S. Jardin, G. Hammett, G. Staebler, J. Kinsey, members of the ITPA Transport and Confinement Topical Group, and JET EFDA Contributors

2012-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

While these samples are representative of the content of NLE

they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.

We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLE

to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.

241

Active spectroscopic measurements using the ITER diagnostic system

Active (beam-based) spectroscopic measurements are intended to provide a number of crucial parameters for the ITER device being built in Cadarache, France. These measurements include the determination of impurity ion temperatures, absolute densities, and velocity profiles, as well as the determination of the plasma current density profile. Because ITER will be the first experiment to study long timescale ({approx}1 h) fusion burn plasmas, of particular interest is the ability to study the profile of the thermalized helium ash resulting from the slowing down and confinement of the fusion alphas. These measurements will utilize both the 1 MeV heating neutral beams and a dedicated 100 keV hydrogen diagnostic neutral beam. A number of separate instruments are being designed and built by several of the ITER partners to meet the different spectroscopic measurement needs and to provide the maximum physics information. In this paper, we describe the planned measurements, the intended diagnostic ensemble, and we will discuss specific physics and engineering challenges for these measurements in ITER.

Thomas, D. M. [ITER Organization, 13067 St. Paul-lez-Durance Cedex (France); Counsell, G. [Fusion for Energy, 08019 Barcelona (Spain); Johnson, D. [US ITER Project Office, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37830 (United States); Vasu, P. [Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar 382428 (India); Zvonkov, A. [Russian Research Center ''Kurchatov Institute'', Moscow 123182 (Russian Federation)

2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

242

Iterative maximum-likelihood reconstruction in quantum homodyne tomography

I propose an iterative expectation maximization algorithm for reconstructing a quantum optical ensemble from a set of balanced homodyne measurements performed on an optical state. The algorithm applies directly to the acquired data, bypassing the intermediate step of calculating marginal distributions. The advantages of the new method are made manifest by comparing it with the traditional inverse Radon transformation technique.

A. I. Lvovsky

2003-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

243

Object oriented parallelisation of graph algorithms using parallel iterator

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Multi-core machines are becoming widely used which, as a consequence, forces parallel computing to move from research labs to being adopted everywhere. Due to the fact that developing parallel code is a significantly complex process, the main focus of ... Keywords: graph algorithms, object oriented parallelisation, parallel computing, parallel iterator

Lama Akeila; Oliver Sinnen; Wafaa Humadi

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Robust measurement of ocular torsion using iterative Lucas-Kanade

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a new method to measure ocular torsion using Lucas-Kanade method. After pixels of iris annulus around a pupil have been converted into Cartesian coordinates, 30 features on the iris was selected then the features were tracked using the iterative ... Keywords: Eye tracking, Lucas-Kanade, Ocular torsion

InBum Lee; ByungHun Choi; Kwang Suk Park

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

ITER:The Future International Burning Plasma Experiment Present Status

at the time of procurement. #12;ITER27/4/01 Design - In-vessel Remote Handling (1) Systems near the plasma will become radioactive and will require remote maintenance, with special remote handling equipment. In27/4/01 Design - In-vessel Remote Handling (2) Comprehensive R&D has successfully demonstrated

246

SULTAN measurement and qualification: ITER-US-LLNL-NMARTOVETSKY- 092008

Measuring the characteristics of full scale ITER CICC at SULTAN is the critical qualification test. If volt-ampere characteristic (VAC) or volt-temperature characteristic (VTC) are distorted, the criterion of 10 uV/m may not be a valid criterion to judge the conductor performance. Only measurements with a clear absence or low signals from the current distribution should be considered as quantitatively representative, although in some obvious circumstances one can judge if a conductor will meet or fail ITER requirements. SULTAN full scale ITER CICC testing should be done with all measures taken to ensure uniform current redistribution. A full removal of Cr plating in the joint area and complete solder filling of the joints (with provision of the central channel for helium flow) should be mandatory for DC qualification samples for ITER. Also, T and I should be increased slowly that an equilibrium could be established for accurate measurement of Tcs, Ic and N. It is also desirable to go up in down in current and/or temperature (within stable range) to make sure that the equilibrium is reached.

Martovetsky, N N

2006-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

247

Iterative improvement to solve the parcel hub scheduling problem

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents iterative improvement algorithms to solve the parcel hub scheduling problem (PHSP). The PHSP is combinatorial optimization problem that consists of scheduling a set of inbound trailers to a small number of unload docks. At the unload ... Keywords: Cross docks, Genetic algorithms, Local search, Parcel delivery industry, Simulated annealing

Douglas L. McWilliams

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

US Plans and Strategy for ITER Blanket Testing

per 1000MW fusion power per year Production & Cost Â· CANDU Reactors: 27 kg from over 40 years, $30MOntario(OPG)TritiumInventory(kg) CANDU Supply w/o Fusion ITER-FEAT (2004 start) 1000 MW Fusion, 10% Avail, TBR 0.0 #12;

California at Los Angeles, University of

249

Optimization-based iterative learning for precise quadrocopter trajectory tracking

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Current control systems regulate the behavior of dynamic systems by reacting to noise and unexpected disturbances as they occur. To improve the performance of such control systems, experience from iterative executions can be used to anticipate recurring ... Keywords: Aerial robotics, Convex optimization, Input and state constraints, Kalman filtering, Learning, Motion planning and control, Quadrocopter control, Trajectory tracking

Angela P. Schoellig; Fabian L. Mueller; Raffaello D'Andrea

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Advanced tokamak operating modes in TPX and ITER

A program is described to develop the advanced tokamak physics required for an economic steady-state fusion reactor on existing (short-pulse) tokamak experiments; to extend these operating modes to long-pulse on TPX; and finally to demonstrate them in a long-pulse D-T plasma on ITER.

Nevins, W.M.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

251

Iterative aperture mask design in phase space using a rank constraint

We present an iterative camera aperture design procedure, which determines an optimal mask pattern based on a sparse set of desired intensity distributions at different focal depths. This iterative method uses the ambiguity ...

Horstmeyer, Roarke William

252

Reachability analysis of nonlinear analog circuits through iterative reachable set reduction

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose a methodology for reachability analysis of nonlinear analog circuits to verify safety properties. Our iterative reachable set reduction algorithm initially considers the entire state space as reachable. Our algorithm iteratively determines ...

Seyed Nematollah Ahmadyan, Shobha Vasudevan

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Combining GA and iterative MVDR for DOA estimation in space-time CDMA systems

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper deals with direction-of-arrival (DOA) estimation of minimum variance distortionless response (MVDR) approach based on iterative searching technique for space-time code-division multiple access (CDMA) systems. It has been shown that the iterative ...

Jhih-Chung Chang

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Modeling the variability of the solar spectral irradiance is a key factor for understanding the solar influence on the climate of the Earth. As a first step to calculating the solar spectral irradiance variations we reproduce the solar spectrum for the quiet Sun over a broad wavelength range with an emphasis on the UV. We introduce the radiative transfer code COSI which calculates solar synthetic spectra under conditions of non-local thermodynamic equilibrium (NLTE). A self-consistent simultaneous solution of the radiative transfer and the statistical equation for the level populations guarantees that the correct physics is considered for wavelength regions where the assumption of local thermodynamic equilibrium (LTE) breaks down. The new concept of iterated opacity distribution functions (NLTE-ODFs), through which all line opacities are included in the NLTE radiative transfer calculation, is presented. We show that it is essential to include the line opacities in the radiative transfer to reproduce the solar...

Haberreiter, M; Hubeny, I

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Thermomechanical Performance of the EU TBMs Under a Typical ITER Transient

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

ITER Systems / Proceedings of the Nineteenth Topical Meeting on the Technology of Fusion Energy (TOFE) (Part 1)

F. Cismondi; G. Aiello; S. Kecskes; G. Rampal

256

Thermomechanical Analysis of the Revised U.S. ITER DCLL Test Blanket Module

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

ITER Systems / Proceedings of the Nineteenth Topical Meeting on the Technology of Fusion Energy (TOFE) (Part 1)

Aaron T. Aoyama; Shahram Sharafat; Nasr Ghoniem; Mohamad Dagher; Clement Wong

257

RAMI Analysis for Designing and Optimizing ITER Tokamak Cooling Water System

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

J. J. Ferrada; W. T. Reiersen

258

Critical Design Issues of the Tokamak Cooling Water System of ITER's Fusion Reactor

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Seokho H. Kim; Jeanette B. Berry

259

High Heat Flux Test of the KO Standard Mockups for ITER First Wall Semi-Prototype

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Suk-Kwon Kim et al.

260

Modeling and Simulation of the ITER First Wall/Blanket Primary Heat Transfer System

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Emilian Popov; Alice Ying

While these samples are representative of the content of NLE

they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.

We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLE

to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.

261

Energy and particle confinement in ITER (International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor)

ITER will require a level of energy ({tau}{sub E}) and particle ({tau}{sub p}) confinement sufficient for reaching ignition and extended burn of DT plasmas, with steady-state, high-Q (Q = P{sub fusion}/P{sub aux} = 5P{sub {alpha}}/P{sub aux}) operation as an ultimate goal. This translates into a required confinement capability of T{sub i}(0)n{sub DT}(0){tau}{sub E} {approximately}4--8 {times} 10{sup 21} keV{center dot}s/m{sup 3} for Q {approximately}5--{infinity} (where T{sub i}(0) is the central ion temperature, n{sub DT}(0) is the central DT fuel ion density, {tau}{sub E} is the global energy confinement time). In addition, {tau}{sub p} {sup He}/{tau}{sub E} < 10 is required to ensure that the thermal {alpha}-particle (He) accumulation (n{sub He}/n{sub e}) is less than 10% (where {tau}{sub p}{sup He} is the global thermal alpha particle containment time). Furthermore, the tritium fuel burnup fraction under nominal burn conditions must be greater than 1.5%. While the ITER Tn{tau}{sub E} requirement is about ten times the highest value achieved in JET (3), the extrapolation in plasma physics parameters is less. If {beta} (ratio of plasma kinetic pressure to magnetic pressure), {nu}* (collisionality), and {rho}/a (ratio of the ion gyroradius to the plasma minor radius) are taken as the relevant dimensionless parameters to characterize the plasma, the extrapolation from present JET performance to ITER is a factor {le}2. The ITER concept is based on the expectation that H-mode confinement can be achieved for long pulse. This paper covers the energy and particle confinement issues for ITER. 15 refs.

Uckan, N.A. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (USA)); Yushmanov, P.N.; Mukhovatov, V.S.; Parail, V.V.; Putvinskii, S. (Gosudarstvennyj Komitet po Ispol'zovaniyu Atomnoj Ehnergii SSSR, Moscow (USSR). Inst. Atomnoj Ehnergii); Takizuka, T.; Tsunematsu, T.; Yoshino, R. (Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Tokyo (Japan)); Borrass, K.; Engelmann, F.; Kardaun, O.; Lackner, K. (Max-Planck-Institut fuer Plasmaphysik,

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

This paper describes the electromagnetic analysis that has been completed using the OPERA-3d product to characterize the forces on the ITER shield modules as part of the conceptual design. These forces exist due to the interaction of the eddy currents induced in the shield modules and the large magnetic fields present in the tokamak.

Kotulski, Joseph Daniel; Coats, Rebecca Sue; Pasik, Michael Francis

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Home National Sports Business World Features Columns Editorial Japan has key role in ITER project

the Congress concerning the United States' share of the costs of the ITER project. The United States quit project The Yomiuri Shimbun The dispute over which nation should host the world's first nuclear fusion, using the ITER project as a basis for achieving the goal. The ITER would be a gigantic facility

264

On HSS and AHSS iteration methods for nonsymmetric positive definite Toeplitz systems

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two iteration methods are proposed to solve real nonsymmetric positive definite Toeplitz systems of linear equations. These methods are based on Hermitian and skew-Hermitian splitting (HSS) and accelerated Hermitian and skew-Hermitian splitting (AHSS). ... Keywords: 65F10, 65F50, AHSS iteration method, Centrosymmetric matrix, HSS iteration method, Skew-centrosymmetric matrix, Toeplitz matrix

Fang Chen; Yao-Lin Jiang

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To deal with the iterative control of uncertain nonlinear systems with varying control tasks, nonzero initial resetting state errors, and nonrepeatable mismatched input disturbance, a new adaptive fuzzy iterative learning controller is proposed in this ... Keywords: Adaptive control, fuzzy system, iterative learning control (ILC), nonlinear systems

Chiang-Ju Chien

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Bi-parameter incremental unknowns ADI iterative methods for elliptic problems

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Bi-parameter incremental unknowns (IU) alternating directional implicit (ADI) iterative methods are proposed for solving elliptic problems. Condition numbers of the coefficient matrices for these iterative schemes are carefully estimated. Theoretical ... Keywords: Bi-parameter ADI iterative method, Condition number, Convergence analysis, Incremental unknowns

Aili Yang; Yujiang Wu; Yongqing Wu; Dawei Ren

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Work stealing and persistence-based load balancers for iterative overdecomposed applications

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Applications often involve iterative execution of identical or slowly evolving calculations. Such applications require incremental rebalancing to improve load balance across iterations. In this paper, we consider the design and evaluation of two distinct ... Keywords: dynamic load balancing, hierarchical load balancer, iterative applications, persistence, task scheduling, work stealing

Jonathan Lifflander; Sriram Krishnamoorthy; Laxmikant V. Kale

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Basis functions and parameter optimisation in high-order iterative learning control

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper a new parameter-optimal high-order Iterative Learning Control (ILC) algorithms is proposed to extend the work of Owens and Feng [Parameter optimisation in iterative learning control. International Journal of Control 14(11), 1059-1069]. ... Keywords: Basis functions, Iterative learning control, Parameter optimisation

J. HäTöNen; D. H. Owens; K. Feng

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Two-step modulus-based matrix splitting iteration method for linear complementarity problems

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Bai has recently presented a modulus-based matrix splitting iteration method, which is a powerful alternative for solving the large sparse linear complementarity problems. In this paper, we further present a two-step modulus-based matrix splitting iteration ... Keywords: Convergence, Iteration method, Linear complementarity problem, Matrix splitting

Li-Li Zhang

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In order to solve large sparse linear complementarity problems on parallel multiprocessor systems, we construct modulus-based synchronous two-stage multisplitting iteration methods based on two-stage multisplittings of the system matrices. These iteration ... Keywords: Convergence, Linear complementarity problem, Matrix multisplitting, Modulus method, Successive relaxation, Two-stage iteration

Zhong-Zhi Bai; Li-Li Zhang

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

A hierarchical fracture model for the iterative multiscale finite volume method

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An iterative multiscale finite volume (i-MSFV) method is devised for the simulation of multiphase flow in fractured porous media in the context of a hierarchical fracture modeling framework. Motivated by the small pressure change inside highly conductive ... Keywords: Fractured porous media, Hierarchical fractured modeling, Iterative multiscale finite volume, Iterative multiscale methods, Multiscale finite volume, Multiscale fracture modeling, Multiscale methods

Hadi Hajibeygi; Dimitris Karvounis; Patrick Jenny

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

New Solutions Require New Thinking

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solutions Require Solutions Require New Thinking America's demand for power threatens to overburden an already congested electric system. The U.S. Department of Energy is addressing these energy challenges with innovative solutions to energy generation. Its Renewable and Distributed Systems Integration (RDSI) Program is helping to alleviate congestion, reduce greenhouse gas emissions, and improve reliability by investigating answers such as * Microgrid technologies * Distributed generation * Two-way communication systems * Demand response programs Reducing Peak Demand The RDSI program aims to reduce peak load on distribution feeders 20% by 2015. To help achieve this goal, RDSI is sponsoring demonstration projects nationwide. From California to New York, these projects are

273

MEMO: Request for proposal for Computer-Aided Facilities and Maintenance Management application software; professional services; development services for interfaces to Financial Management and Human Resources systems; configuration, test, train, maintenance and support services to implement and maintain a CAFM Solution for the California Administrative Office of the Courts, the Trial Courts, the Appellate Courts and the Judicial Council, known as “The AOC Group.” You are invited to review and respond to the attached Request for Proposal (“RFP”):

Rfp Number Isdcafm

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

As organizations aggressively deploy Radio Frequency Identification systems, activists are increasingly concerned about RFID’s potential to invade user privacy. This overview highlights potential threats and how they might be addressed using both technology and public policy. Tiny integrated circuits equipped with radio antennas are fast becoming one of the most controversial technologies ever to enter the consumer marketplace. These so-called Radio Frequency Identification tags—better known as RFID—could help stamp out drug counterfeiting, trace contaminated beef products to the very shelves where they reside, and eliminate supermarket checkout lines. Yet, despite the technology’s current widespread use and significant future potential, most popular press coverage

Simson L; Ari Juels; Ravi Pappu

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Summarizes the goals and activities of the DOE Solar Energy Technologies Program efforts within its grid integration subprogram.

Not Available

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Qualification of the Joints for ITER Central Solenoid

The ITER Central Solenoid has 36 interpancake joints, 12 bus joints, and 12 feeder joints in the magnet. The joints are required to have resistance below 4 nOhm at 45 kA at 4.5 K. The US ITER Project Office developed two different types of interpancake joints with some variations in details in order to find a better design, qualify the joints, and establish a fabrication process. We built and tested four samples of the sintered joints and two samples with butt-bonded joints (a total of eight joints). Both designs met the specifications. Results of the joint development, test results, and selection of the baseline design are presented and discussed in the paper.

Martovetsky, Nicolai N [ORNL; Berryhill, Adam B [Cryomagnetics, Inc.; Kenney, Steven J [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

US ITER is a strong contributor in plan to enhance international sharing of

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

US ITER is a strong contributor in plan to enhance international sharing of US ITER is a strong contributor in plan to enhance international sharing of prime ITER real estate By Lynne Degitz, US ITER March 28, 2013 Tweet Widget Facebook Like Google Plus One PPPL's Russell Feder, left, and David Johnson developed key features for a modular approach to housing the extensive diagnostic systems that will be installed on the ITER tokamak. (Photo by Elle Starkman/PPPL Office of Communications) PPPL's Russell Feder, left, and David Johnson developed key features for a modular approach to housing the extensive diagnostic systems that will be installed on the ITER tokamak. Gallery: Diagram of an equatorial port plug shows the three vertical diagnostic shield modules with detachable first wall blocks. The modular approach has many advantages including efficient design collaboration, easier maintenance and the possibility for future upgrades to the ITER diagnostic systems.

278

An Iterative, Dynamically Stabilized(IDS) Method of Data Unfolding

We describe an iterative unfolding method for experimental data, making use of a regularization function. The use of this function allows one to build an improved normalization procedure for Monte Carlo spectra, unbiased by the presence of possible new structures in data. We unfold, in a dynamically stable way, data spectra which can be strongly affected by fluctuations in the background subtraction and simultaneously reconstruct structures which were not initially simulated.

Bogdan Malaescu

2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

279

Iterative procedure for computing accessible information in quantum communication

We present an iterative algorithm that finds the optimal measurement for extracting the accessible information in any quantum communication scenario. The maximization is achieved by a steepest-ascent approach toward the extremal point, following the gradient uphill in sufficiently small steps. We apply it to a simple ad-hoc example, as well as to a problem with a bearing on the security of a tomographic protocol for quantum key distribution.

Jaroslav ?ehá?ek; Berthold-Georg Englert; Dagomir Kaszlikowski

2004-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

280

Progress on the heating and current drive systems for ITER

The electron cyclotron (EC), ion cyclotron (IC), heating-neutral beam (H-NB) and, although not in the day 1 baseline, lower hybrid (LH) systems intended for ITER have been reviewed in 2007/2008 in light of progress of physics and technology in the field. Although the overall specifications are unchanged, notable changes have been approved. Firstly, it has been emphasized that the H&CD systems are vital for the ITER programme. Consequently, the full 73 MW should be commissioned and available on a routine basis before the D/T phase. Secondly, significant changes have been approved at system level, most notably: the possibility to operate the heating beams at full power during the hydrogen phase requiring new shine through protection; the possibility to operate IC with 2 antennas with increased robustness (no moving parts); the possible increase to 2 MW of key components of the EC transmission systems in order to provide an easier upgrading of the EC power as may be required by the project; the addition of a building dedicated to the RF power sources and to a testing facility for acceptance of diagnostics and heating port plugs. Thirdly, the need of a plan for developing, in time for the active phase, a CD system such as LH suitable for very long pulse operation of ITER was recognised. The review describes these changes and their rationale.

Jacquinot, J. [CEA, Cadarache, France; Beaumont, Bertrand [ITER Joint Work Site, Cadarache; Bora, D. [ITER Joint Work Site, Cadarache; Campbell, D. [ITER Joint Work Site, Cadarache; Darbos, Caroline [ITER Joint Work Site, Cadarache; Decamps, H. [ITER Organization, Saint Paul Lez Durance, France; Graceffa, J. [ITER Joint Work Site, Cadarache; Gassmann, T. [ITER Joint Work Site, Cadarache; Hemsworth, R. [ITER Joint Work Site, Cadarache; Henderson, Mark [ITER Joint Work Site, Cadarache; Kobayashi, N. [ITER Joint Work Site, Cadarache; Lamalle, Philippe [ITER Joint Work Site, Cadarache; Schunke, B. [ITER Joint Work Site, Cadarache; Tanaka, M. [ITER Joint Work Site, Cadarache; Tanga, A. [ITER Joint Work Site, Cadarache; Albajar, F. [Fusion for Energy (F4E), Barcelona, Spain; Bonicelli, T. [Fusion for Energy (F4E), Barcelona, Spain; Saibene, G. [Fusion for Energy (F4E), Barcelona, Spain; Sartori, R. [Fusion for Energy (F4E), Barcelona, Spain; Becoulet, A. [CEA, Cadarache, France; Hoang, G. T. [CEA, Cadarache, France; Inoue, T. [Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA), Naka; Sakamoto, K. [Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA), Naka; Takahashi, K. [Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA), Naka; Watanabe, K. [Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA), Naka; Goulding, Richard Howell [ORNL; Rasmussen, David A [ORNL; Swain, David W [ORNL; Chakraborty, A. [ITER India - Bhat, Gandhinagar, Gujarat; Mukherjee, A. [ITER India - Bhat, Gandhinagar, Gujarat; Rao, S. L. [ITER India - Bhat, Gandhinagar, Gujarat; Denisov, G. [Russian Academy of Science, Novgorod, Russia; Nightingale, M. [EURATOM / UKAEA, Abingdon, UK; Sonato, P. [EURATOM / ENEA, Italy

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

While these samples are representative of the content of NLE

they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.

We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLE

to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.

281

Iterated amplitudes in the high-energy limit

We consider the high-energy limits of the colour ordered four-, five- and six-gluon MHV amplitudes of the maximally supersymmetric QCD in the multi-Regge kinematics where all the gluons are strongly ordered in rapidity. We show that various building blocks occurring in the Regge factorisation (the Regge trajectory, the coefficient functions and the Lipatov vertex) satisfy an iterative structure very similar to the Bern-Dixon-Smirnov (BDS) ansatz. This iterative structure, combined with the universality of the building blocks, enables us to show that in the Euclidean region any two- and three-loop amplitude in multi-Regge kinematics is guaranteed to satisfy the BDS ansatz. We also consider slightly more general kinematics where the strong rapidity ordering applies to all the gluons except the two with either the largest or smallest rapidities, and we derive the iterative formula for the associated coefficient function. We show that in this kinematic limit the BDS ansatz is also satisfied. Finally, we argue that only for more general kinematics - e.g. with three gluons having similar rapidities, or where the two central gluons have similar rapidities - can a disagreement with the BDS ansatz arise.

V. Del Duca; C. Duhr; E. W. N. Glover

2008-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

282

Qualification of the Joints for the ITER Central Solenoid

The ITER Central Solenoid has 36 interpancake joints, 12 bus joints, and 12 feeder joints in the magnet. The joints are required to have resistance below 4 nOhm at 45 kA at 4.5 K. The US ITER Project Office developed two different types of interpancake joints with some variations in details in order to find a better design, qualify the joints, and establish a fabrication process. We built and tested four samples of the sintered joints and two samples with butt-bonded joints (a total of eight joints). Both designs met the specifications. Results of the joint development, test results, and selection of the baseline design are presented and discussed in the paper. The ITER Central Solenoid (CS) consists of six modules. Each module is composed of six wound hexapancakes and one quadrapancake. The multipancakes are connected electrically and hydraulically by in-line interpancake joints. The joints are located at the outside diameter (OD) of the module. Cable in conduit conductor (CICC) high-current joints are critical elements in the CICC magnets. In addition to low resistivity, the CS joints must fit a space envelope equivalent to the regular conductor cross section and must have low hydraulic impedance and enough structural strength to withstand the hoop and compressive forces during operation, including cycling. This paper is the continuation of the work reported on the intermodule joints.

Martovetsky, N; Berryhill, A; Kenney, S

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The solution of the inverse kinematics problem is fundamental in robot control. Many traditional inverse kinematics problem solutions, such as the geometric, iterative, and algebraic approaches, are inadequate for redundant robots. Recently, much attention ... Keywords: 6-Degree-of-freedom robot, Elman networks, Genetic algorithms, Inverse kinematics problem, Neural networks, Robotics

Ra?It KöKer

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Solutions From vehicles on the road to the energy that powers them, Oak Ridge National Laboratory innovations are advancing American transportation. Oak Ridge National Laboratory is making an impact on everyday America by enhancing transportation choices and quality of life. Through strong collaborative partnerships with industry, ORNL research and development efforts are helping accelerate the deployment of a new generation of energy efficient vehicles powered by domestic, renewable, clean energy. EPA ultra-low sulfur diesel fuel rule ORNL and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory co-led a comprehensive research and test program to determine the effects of diesel fuel sulfur on emissions and emission control (catalyst) technology. In the course of this program, involving

285

A Non-Iterative Procedure for the Time Integration of the Balance Equations

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent work by Gent and McWilliams (1982) suggests that of all models intermediate in complexity between quasi-geostrophic (QG) and primitive equation (PE), the balance equations (BE) have the best performance when compared with the standard of ...

Roger Daley

1982-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Comparison of Lanczos and subspace iterations for hyperspherical reaction path calculations

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In an accurate treatment of 3-dimensional reactive scattering using Adiabatically-adjusting, Principal axes Hyperspherical (APH) coordinates, we obtain a 2-dimensional Schr/umlt o/dinger equation defined on the surface of a hypersphere. The surface Hamiltonian, which depends parametrically on the sector hyperradius /rho//sub h/, must be diagonalized for many (100/endash/200) values of /rho//sub h/. The surface (eigen)functions are expanded in a finite element basis, where a non-uniform finite element mesh is allowed to adjust for each /rho//sub h/. Projection of the finite element basis onto the surface Hamiltonian yields a generalized eigenvalue problem. Typically of the lowest 50/endash/100 eigenvalues and eigenfunctions are required at each /rho//sub h/. Since the calculation of the surface functions is currently the expensive step for our reactive scattering procedure, it is necessary to calculate these functions as efficiently as possible. In this paper, we use both the subspace iteration and block Lanczos (with selective orthogonalization) methods to calculate the surface functions. Using both solution methods, we diagonalize the finite element matrices (of order = 1729 and of half bandwidth = 109) constructed for the LiH + F in equilibrium Li + HF system. CPU timings for both methods are examined as a function of the number of converged eigenvalues. Since we can generate a good initial subspace form the eigenvectors calculated at the previous value of /rho//sub h/, we find that the subspace iteration is competitive with the block Lanczos method when many (90) eigenvalues are calculated. 20 refs., 6 figs., 1 tab.

Kress, J.D.; Parker, G.A.; Pack, R.T.; Archer, B.J.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Alloy solution hardening with solute pairs

Solution hardened alloys are formed by using at least two solutes which form associated solute pairs in the solvent metal lattice. Copper containing equal atomic percentages of aluminum and palladium is an example.

Mitchell, John W. (Charlottesville, VA)

1976-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

288

An electric signal representative of the rate of insolation is integrated to determine if it is adequate for operation of a solar energy collection system.

Dougherty, John J. (Norristown, PA); Rudge, George T. (Lansdale, PA)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

U.S.Statements on International Fusion Reactor (ITER) Siting Decision |

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

U.S.Statements on International Fusion Reactor (ITER) Siting U.S.Statements on International Fusion Reactor (ITER) Siting Decision U.S.Statements on International Fusion Reactor (ITER) Siting Decision June 28, 2005 - 1:45pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - Today in Moscow, Russia, the ministers representing the six ITER parties, including Dr. Raymond L. Orbach, Director of the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science, announced the ITER international fusion reactor will be located at the EU site in Cadarache, France. Below are statements by U.S. government officials following the signing of the agreement at the Ministerial Meeting. The text of the announcement by the six parties is available at www.iter.org/index_newsroom.htm. Statement by U.S. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman: "Plentiful, reliable energy is critical to continued worldwide economic

290

Time parallelization of advanced operation scenario simulations of ITER plasma

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This work demonstrates that simulations of advanced burning plasma operation scenarios can be successfully parallelized in time using the parareal algorithm. CORSICA - an advanced operation scenario code for tokamak plasmas is used as a test case. This is a unique application since the parareal algorithm has so far been applied to relatively much simpler systems except for the case of turbulence. In the present application, a computational gain of an order of magnitude has been achieved which is extremely promising. A successful implementation of the Parareal algorithm to codes like CORSICA ushers in the possibility of time efficient simulations of ITER plasmas.

Samaddar, D. [ITER Organization, Saint Paul Lez Durance, France; Casper, T. A. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL); Kim, S. H. [ITER Organization, Saint Paul Lez Durance, France; Berry, Lee A [ORNL; Elwasif, Wael R [ORNL; Batchelor, Donald B [ORNL; Houlberg, Wayne A [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

An iterative, dynamically stabilized method of data unfolding

We propose a new iterative unfolding method for experimental data, making use of a regularization function. The use of this function allows one to build an improved normalization procedure for Monte Carlo spectra, unbiased by the presence of possible new structures in data. We are able to unfold, in a dynamically stable way, data spectra which can be strongly affected by fluctuations in the background subtraction and simultaneously reconstruct structures which were not initially simulated. This method also allows one to control the amount of correlations introduced between the bins of the unfolded spectrum, when the transfers of events correcting the systematic detector effects are performed.

Bogdan Malaescu

2009-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

292

Analysis of the ITER LFS Reflectometer Transmission Line System

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A critical issue in the design of the ITER Low Field Side (LFS) reflectometer is the transmission line (TL) system. A TL connects each launcher to a diagnostic instrument. Each TL will typically consist of ~42 m of corrugated waveguide and up to 10 miter bends. Important issues for the performance of the TL system are mode conversion and reflections. Minimizing mode conversion and reflections in the waveguide are critical to minimizing standing waves and phase errors in the reflectometer-measured phase. The performance of the corrugated waveguide and miter bends is analyzed and recommendations given.

Hanson, Gregory R [ORNL; Wilgen, John B [ORNL; Bigelow, Tim S [ORNL; Diem, Stephanie J [ORNL; Biewer, Theodore M [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Object Delineation in Noisy Images by a Modified Policy-Iteration Method

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The contours of isolated objects in noisy images may be detected with a minimal cost contour detection algorithm. An algorithm that is based on the policy-iteration method for locating the closed minimal cost path is introduced. Computational results ... Keywords: closed minimal cost path, cost coefficient matrix, iterative methods, noisy images, object delineation, optimisation, pattern recognition, picture processing, policy-iteration method, scintigraphic images

Adrie C. M. Dumay; Mariëlle N. A. J. Claessens; Cees Roos; Jan J. Gerbrands; Johan H. C. Reiber

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

A modern solver interface to manage solution algorithms in the Community Earth System Model

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Global Earth System Models (ESMs) can now produce simulations that resolve ~50 km features and include finer scale, interacting physical processes. However, the current explicit algorithms that dominate production ESMs require ever-decreasing time steps ... Keywords: Earth System Model applications, ice-sheet applications, iterative solution techniques, reusable libraries

Katherine J. Evans; Andrew G. Salinger; Patrick H. Worley; Stephen F. Price; William H. Lipscomb; Jeffrey A. Nichols; James B. White; Mauro Perego; Mariana Vertenstein; James Edwards; Jean-François Lemieux

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Cryogenic Conduction Cooling Test of Removable Panel Mock-Up for ITER Cryostat Thermal Shield

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

K. Nam et al.

296

??An iterative conjugate heat transfer technique was developed and automated to predict the temperatures on film cooled surfaces such as flat plates and turbine blades.… (more)

Dhiman, Sushant

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Status of Design and R&D for ITER Blanket in Korea

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Duck-Hoi Kim et al.

298

Iterated and irreducible pion-photon exchange in nuclei

We calculate the contribution to the nuclear energy density functional which arises from iterated pion-photon exchange between nucleons. In heavy nuclei, this novel charge symmetry breaking interaction leads to an additional binding of each proton by about 0.2 MeV. Compared to that the analogous effect from irreducible pion-photon exchange is negligibly small. As a possible mechanism to resolve the Nolen-Schiffer anomaly we propose the iteration of one-photon exchange with an attractive short-range NN-interaction. The corresponding energy per proton reads: $\\bar E[\\rho_p]=(2\\alpha/15\\pi^2)(\\pi^2 -3+6 \\ln2) {\\cal A}_{pp} k_p^2$ with $\\rho_p =k_p^3/ 3\\pi^2$ the proton density and ${\\cal A}_{pp}\\approx 2 $fm an effective (in-medium) scattering length. Hints for such a value of ${\\cal A}_{pp}$ come from phenomenological Skyrme forces and from the neutron matter equation of state.

N. Kaiser

2003-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

299

Axisymmetric Simulations of the ITER Vertical Stability Coil

The ITER in-vessel coil system includes Vertical Stability (VS) coils and Edge Localized Mode (ELM) coils. There are two large VS ring coils, one upper and one lower. Each has four turns which are independently connected. The VS coils are needed for successful operation of ITER for most all of its operating modes. The VS coils must be highly reliable and fault tolerant. The operating environment includes normal and disruption Lorentz forces. To parametrically address all these design conditions in a tractable analysis requires a simplified model. The VS coils are predominately axisymmetric, and this suggests that an axisymmetric model can be meaningfully used to address the variations in mechanical design, loading, material properties, and time dependency. The axisymmetric finite element analysis described in this paper includes simulations of the bolted frictional connections used for the mounting details. Radiation and elastic-plastic response are modeled particularly for the extreme faulted conditions. Thermal connectivity is varied to study the effects of partial thermal connection of the actively cooled conductor to the remaining structure.

Titus, Peter H.

2013-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

300

Testability of AND-EXOR Based Iterative Logic Arrays

Iterative Logic Arrays (ILAs) are ideal as VLSI sub-systems because of their regular structure and its close resemblance with FPGAs (Field Programmable Gate Arrays). AND-EXOR based circuits are of interest in the design of very low power circuits where energy loss implied by high frequency switching is of much consideration. This paper examines the testability of AND-EXOR based Iterative Logic Arrays (ILAs). For certain ILAs it is possible to find a test set whose size remains constant irrespective of the size of the ILA, while for others it varies with array size. Former type of ILAs is known as Constant-Testable (C-Testable). It has been shown that AND-EXOR based Logic Arrays are C-Testable and size of test set is equal to number of entries in cell truth table. The test generation problem has been shown to be related to certain properties of cycles in a set of graphs derived from cell truth table. By careful analysis of these cycles an efficient test generation technique that can be easily converted to an A...

Chakraborty, Avik

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

While these samples are representative of the content of NLE

they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.

We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLE

to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.

301

Reliability-yield allocation for semiconductor integrated circuits: modeling and optimization

This research develops yield and reliability models for fault-tolerant semiconductor integrated circuits and develops optimization algorithms that can be directly applied to these models. Since defects cause failures in microelectronics systems, accurate yield and reliability models considering these defects as well as optimization techniques determining efficient defect-tolerant schemes are essential in semiconductor manufacturing and nanomanufacturing to ensure manufacturability and productivity. The defect-based yield model considers various types of failures, fault-tolerant schemes such as hierarchical redundancy and error correcting code, and burn-in effects, simultaneously. The reliability model counts on carry-over single-cell failures accompanied by the failure rate of the semiconductor integrated circuits under the assumption of an error correcting code policy. The redundancy allocation problem, which seeks to ?nd an optimal allocation of redundancy that maximizes system reliability, is one of the representative problems in reliability optimization. The problem is typically formulated as a nonconvex integer nonlinear programming problem that is nonseparable and coherent. Two iterative heuristics, tree and scanning heuristics, and variants are studied to obtain local optima and a branch-and-bound algorithm is proposed to ?nd the global optimum for redundancy allocation problems. The proposed algorithms engage a multiple-search paths strategy to accelerate efficiency. Experimental results of these algorithms indicate that they are superior to the existing algorithms in terms of computation time and solution quality. An example of memory semiconductor integrated circuits is presented to show the applicability of both the yield and reliability models and the optimization algorithms to fault-tolerant semiconductor integrated circuits.

Ha, Chunghun

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Transverse integrated nodal diffusion methods currently represent the standard in full core neutronic simulation. The primary shortcoming in this approach is the utilization of the quadratic transverse leakage approximation. This approach, although proven to work well for typical LWR problems, is not consistent with the formulation of nodal methods and can cause accuracy and convergence problems. In previous work, an improved, consistent quadratic leakage approximation was formulated, which derived from the class of higher order nodal methods developed some years ago. In this paper a number of iteration schemes are developed around this consistent quadratic leakage approximation which yield accurate node average results in much improved calculational times. The developed consistent leakage approximation is extended in this work via a number of numerical schemes, the most promising of which results from utilizing the consistent leakage approximation as a correction method to the standard quadratic leakage approximation. Numerical results are demonstrated on a set of benchmark problems, such as the 3D IAEA LWR and MOX C5 problems. (authors)

Prinsloo, R. H.; Tomasevic, D. I. [Necsa, PO Box 582, Pretoria, 0001 (South Africa)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Phase diagram of Symmetric Iterated Prisoner's Dilemma of Two-Companies with Partial Imitation Rule

The problem of two companies of agents with one-step memory playing game is investigated in the context of the Iterated Prisoner's Dilemma under the partial imitation rule, where a player can imitate only those moves that he has observed in his games with his opponent. We limit our study to the special case where the players in the two groups enjoy the same conditions on a fully connected network, so that there are only two payoff matrices required: one for players playing games with members of the same company, and the other one for players playing games with members from a different company. We show that this symmetric case of two companies of players can be reduced to the one-company case with an effective payoff matrix, from which a phase diagram for the players using the two dominant strategies, Pavlov and Grim Trigger can be constructed. The phase diagram is computed by numerical integration of the approximate mean value equations. The results are in good agreement with simulations of the two-company mo...

Zhang, Liangsheng; Antony, Mathis; Szeto, K Y

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Proposal of an Arc Detection Technique Based on RF Measurements for the ITER ICRF Antenna

RF arc detection is a key operational and safety issue for the ICRF system on ITER. Indeed the high voltages inside the antenna put it at risk of arcing, which could cause substantial damage. This paper describes the various possibilities explored by circuit simulation and the strategy now considered to protect the ITER ICRF antenna from RF arcs.

Huygen, S.; Dumortier, P.; Durodie, F.; Messiaen, A.; Vervier, M.; Vrancken, M. [LPP/ERM-KMS, Association EURATOM-Belgian State, Brussels (Belgium); Wooldridge, E. [EURATOM/CCFE Fusion Association, Culham Science Centre (United Kingdom)

2011-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

305

FPA 30 year Anniversary Meeting, Washington, 2 December 2009 Slide 1 Status of ITER

Principal Deputy Director General of the ITER Organization #12;FPA 30 year Anniversary Meeting, Washington Operation Present HQ Building To Aix #12;FPA 30 year Anniversary Meeting, Washington, 2 December 2009 Slide Organization ~440 people by end 2009 Â· Another 450-500 people in the DAs working on ITER Â· IO and DA's started

306

Attachment to Joint Declaration of the Ministerial Meeting for ITER Moscow, 28th

Attachment to Joint Declaration of the Ministerial Meeting for ITER Moscow, 28th June 2005 Joint will be decided jointly, based upon the wishes of the non-Host as long as this serves the goal of promoting 5 May 2005 #12;Attachment to Joint Declaration of the Ministerial Meeting for ITER Moscow, 28th June

307

A three-dimensional adaptive method based on the iterative grid redistribution

such as fluid dynamics, combustion and heat transfer and others, the required density of grid pointsA three-dimensional adaptive method based on the iterative grid redistribution Desheng Wang on iterative grid redistribution technique introduced in [J. Comput. Phys. 159 (2000) 246]. The key step

Wang, Xiao-Ping

308

IAEA Technical Committee Meeting On Electron Cyclotron Resonance Heating Physics And Technology For ITER, Kloster Seeon, Germany, 2003, To Be Published In The ProceedingsIAEA Technical Committee Meeting on Electron Cyclotron Resonance Heating Physics and Technology for ITER Kloster Seeon, DE, 2003999610360

Olstad, R.A.

2003-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

309

Considerations of Selection of ECH System Transmission Line Waveguide Diameter for ITER (A25121)

Proc. 3rd Tech. Mtg On Electron Cyclotron Resonanxe Heating Physics And Technology For ITER, Como, Italy, 2005; General Atomics Report GA-A25121 (2005)3rd Technical Meeting on Electron Cyclotron Resonance Heating Physics and Technology for ITER Como, IT, 2005999610860

Olstad, R.A.

2005-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

310

An iterative stochastic ensemble method for parameter estimation of subsurface flow models

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Parameter estimation for subsurface flow models is an essential step for maximizing the value of numerical simulations for future prediction and the development of effective control strategies. We propose the iterative stochastic ensemble method (ISEM) ... Keywords: Iterative stochastic ensemble method, Parameter estimation, Regularization, Subsurface flow models

Ahmed H. Elsheikh, Mary F. Wheeler, Ibrahim Hoteit

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

A fast iterative solver for the variable coefficient diffusion equation on a disk

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present an efficient iterative method for solving the variable coefficient diffusion equation on a unit disk. The equation is written in polar coordinates and is discretized by the standard centered difference approximation under the grid arrangement ... Keywords: Ginzburg-Landau vortices, iterative method, polar coordinates, variable diffusion equation

Ming-Chih Lai; Yu-Hou Tseng

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Conceptual study on Flexible Guidance and Docking system for ITER Remote Handling

1 Conceptual study on Flexible Guidance and Docking system for ITER Remote Handling Transport Cask divertors and blanket modules from the Tokamak Building to the Hot Cell Building o Addressed topics for ITER Remote Handling Transport Cask o Publications from IST team: Â· Isabel Ribeiro, Pedro Lima, Pedro

Ribeiro,Isabel

313

An iterative method for extreme optics of two-level systems

We formulate the problem of a two-level system in a linearly polarized laser field in terms of a nonlinear Riccati-type differential equation and solve the equation analytically in time intervals much shorter than half the optical period. The analytical solutions for subsequent intervals are then stuck together in an iterative procedure to cover the scale time of the laser pulse. This approach is applicable to pulses of arbitrary (nonrelativistic) strengths, shapes and durations, thus covering the whole region of light-matter couplings from weak through moderate to strong ones. The method allows quick insight into different problems from the field of light--matter interaction. Very good quality of the method is shown by recovering with it a number of subtle effects met in earlier numerically calculated photon-emission spectra from model molecular ions, double quantum wells, atoms and semiconductors. The method presented is an efficient mathematical tool to describe novel effects in the region of, e.g., extreme nonlinear optics, i.e., when two--level systems are exposed to pulses of only a few cycles in duration and strength ensuring the Rabi frequency to approach and even exceed the laser light frequence.

R. Parzynski; M. Sobczak; A. Plucinska

2004-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

314

NREL: Energy Systems Integration - Energy Systems Integration...

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Systems Integration Facility NREL's Energy Systems Integration Facility Garners LEED Platinum View the NREL Press Release. NREL's multistory Energy Systems Integration...

315

NREL: Energy Systems Integration - Integrated Deployment Workshop

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Integrated Deployment Workshop Integrated Deployment Workshop The Energy Systems Integration Facility workshop, Integrated Deployment, was held August 21 - 23, 2012 at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory in Golden, Colorado. Each day of the workshop, which included a tour of the Energy Systems Integration Facility, focused on a different topic: Day 1: Utility-Scale Renewable Integration Day 2: Distribution-Level Integration Day 3: Isolated and Islanded Grid Systems The agenda and presentations from the workshop are below. Agenda Energy Systems Integration Facility Overview ESIF Technology Partnerships Integrated Deployment Model Integrated Deployment and the Energy Systems Integration Facility: Workshop Proceedings Printable Version Energy Systems Integration Home Research & Development

316

Nebraska Statewide Wind Integration Study: Executive Summary

Wind generation resources in Nebraska will play an increasingly important role in the environmental and energy security solutions for the state and the nation. In this context, the Nebraska Power Association conducted a state-wide wind integration study.

EnerNex Corporation, Knoxville, Tennessee; Ventyx, Atlanta, Georgia; Nebraska Power Association, Lincoln, Nebraska

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Measurement of pH in high ionic strength solutions

A practical method is described for measuring pH in solutions of high ionic strength (e.g., brines, process solutions). The pH is determined by integratively measuring the potential due to H{sup +} and the potential due to another cation or anion and relating the combined electrical potential to a calculated pH for high ionic strength solutions.

Knauss, K.G.; Wolery, T.J.; Jackson, K.J.

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

318

Visions for Data Management and Remote Collaboration on ITER

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Transport And Density Peaking At Low Transport And Density Peaking At Low Collisionality On Alcator C-Mod 49 th Annual Meeting of APS - DPP Orlando, 11/14/2007 M. Greenwald, J.W. Hughes, D. Mikkelsen, J. Terry, Alcator Group C. Angioni, H. Weisen M. Greenwald, et al., APS-DPP November 2007 Particle Transport and Density Profiles â— We want to be able to predict density profile - Better fusion performance with moderate density peaking - Effects on stability, divertor operation etc. â— Results from ASDEX (Angioni et al., PRL 2003), JET (H. Weisen, et al., NF 2005) show increase in density peaking at low Î½* for H-mode plasmas. - Central fueling (NBI) can play an important role as well. â— Scales to ITER (with weak fueling): n e (0)/

319

Characterization of Plasma Sprayed Beryllium ITER First Wall Mockups

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

ITER first wall beryllium mockups, which were fabricated by vacuum plasma spraying the beryllium armor, have survived 3000 thermal fatigue cycles at 1 MW/sq m without damage during high heat flux testing at the Plasma Materials Test Facility at Sandia National Laboratory in New Mexico. The thermal and mechanical properties of the plasma sprayed beryllium armor have been characterized. Results are reported on the chemical composition of the beryllium armor in the as-deposited condition, the through thickness and normal to the through thickness thermal conductivity and thermal expansion, the four-point bend flexure strength and edge-notch fracture toughness of the beryllium armor, the bond strength between the beryllium armor and the underlying heat sink material, and ultrasonic C-scans of the Be/heat sink interface.

Castro, Richard G.; Vaidya, Rajendra U.; Hollis, Kendall J.

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

320

Iterated Function System Models in Data Analysis: Detection and Separation

We investigate the use of iterated function system (IFS) models for data analysis. An IFS is a discrete dynamical system in which each time step corresponds to the application of one of a finite collection of maps. The maps, which represent distinct dynamical regimes, may act in some pre-determined sequence or may be applied in random order. An algorithm is developed to detect the sequence of regime switches under the assumption of continuity. This method is tested on a simple IFS and applied to an experimental computer performance data set. This methodology has a wide range of potential uses: from change-point detection in time-series data to the field of digital communications.

Zachary Alexander; Elizabeth Bradley; Joshua Garland; James D. Meiss

2011-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

While these samples are representative of the content of NLE

they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.

We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLE

to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.

321

Kinetic damping of resistive wall modes in ITER

Full drift kinetic modelling including finite orbit width effects has been used to assess the passive stabilisation of the resistive wall mode (RWM) that can be expected in the ITER advanced scenario. At realistic plasma rotation frequency, the thermal ions have a stabilising effect on the RWM, but the stability limit remains below the target plasma pressure to achieve Q = 5. However, the inclusion of damping arising from the fusion-born alpha particles, the NBI ions, and ICRH fast ions extends the RWM stability limit above the target {beta} for the advanced scenario. The fast ion damping arises primarily from finite orbit width effects and is not due to resonance between the particle frequencies and the instability.

Chapman, I. T.; Liu, Y. Q. [EURATOM/CCFE Fusion Association, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon, Oxfordshire OX14 3DB (United Kingdom); Asunta, O. [Department of Applied Physics, Association EURATOM-Tekes, Aalto University, P.O. Box 14100 FI-00076 AALTO (Finland); Graves, J. P. [CRPP, Association EURATOM/Confederation Suisse, EPFL, 1015 Lausanne (Switzerland); Johnson, T. [EURATOM-VR Association, EES, KTH, Stockholm (Sweden); Jucker, M. [GFDL/Princeton University, AOS Program, Princeton, New Jersey 08544 (United States)

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

322

Iterative methods for overlap and twisted mass fermions

We present a comparison of a number of iterative solvers of linear systems of equations for obtaining the fermion propagator in lattice QCD. In particular, we consider chirally invariant overlap and chirally improved Wilson (maximally) twisted mass fermions. The comparison of both formulations of lattice QCD is performed at four fixed values of the pion mass between 230MeV and 720MeV. For overlap fermions we address adaptive precision and low mode preconditioning while for twisted mass fermions we discuss even/odd preconditioning. Taking the best available algorithms in each case we find that calculations with the overlap operator are by a factor of 30-120 more expensive than with the twisted mass operator.

T. Chiarappa; K. Jansen; K. -I. Nagai; M. Papinutto; L. Scorzato; A. Shindler; C. Urbach; U. Wenger; I. Wetzorke

2006-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

323

Iterative methods for solving the pressure problem at multiphase filtration

Applied problems of oil and gas recovery are studied numerically using the mathematical models of multiphase fluid flows in porous media. The basic model includes the continuity equations and the Darcy laws for each phase, as well as the algebraic expression for the sum of saturations. Primary computational algorithms are implemented for such problems using the pressure equation. In this paper, we highlight the basic properties of the pressure problem and discuss the necessity of their fulfillment at the discrete level. The resulting elliptic problem for the pressure equation is characterized by a non-selfadjoint operator. Possibilities of approximate solving the elliptic problem are considered using the iterative methods. Special attention is given to the numerical algorithms for calculating the pressure on parallel computers.

Vabishchevich, P

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Power Balance in the ITER Plasma and Divertor

It is planned to use atomic processes to spread out most of the heating power over the first wall and side walls to reduce the heat loads on the plasma facing components in ITER to ~ 50 MW. Calculations indicate that there will be 100 MW in bremstrahlung radiation from the plasma center, 50 MW of radiation from the plasma edge inside the separatrix and 100 MW of radiation from the scrape-off layer and divertor plasma, leaving 50 MW of power to be deposited on the divertor plates. The radiation losses are enhanced by the injection of impurities such as Neon or Argon at acceptably low levels (~0.1 % Argon, etc.) 1.

unknown authors

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Status of ITER neutral beam cell remote handling system

The ITER neutral beam cell will contain up to three heating neutral beams and one diagnostic neutral beam, and four upper ports. Though manual maintenance work is envisaged within the cell, when containment is breached, or the radiological protection is removed the maintenance must be conducted remotely. This maintenance constitutes the removal and replacement of line replaceable units, and their transport to and from a cask docked to the cell. A design of the remote handling system has been prepared to concept level which this paper describes including the development of a beam line transporter, beam source remote handling equipment, upper port remote handling equipment and equipment for the maintenance of the neutral shield. This equipment has been developed complete the planned maintenance tasks for the components of the neutral beam cell and to have inherent flexibility to enable as yet unforeseen tasks and recovery operations to be performed.

Sykes, N; Choi, C-H; Crofts, O; Crowe, R; Damiani, C; Delavalle, S; Meredith, L; Mindham, T; Raimbach, J; Tesini, A; Van Uffelen, M

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Occupational Radiation Exposure Analysis of US ITER DCLL TBM

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report documents an Occupational Radiation Exposure (ORE) analysis that was performed for the US International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) Dual Coolant Lead Lithium (DCLL) Test Blanket Module (TBM). This analysis was performed with the QADMOD dose code for anticipated maintenance activities for this TBM concept and its ancillary systems. The QADMOD code was used to model the PbLi cooling loop of this TBM concept by specifying gamma ray source terms that simulated radioactive material within the piping, valves, heat exchanger, permeator, pump, drain tank, and cold trap of this cooling system. Estimates of the maintenance tasks that will have to be performed and the time required to perform these tasks where developed based on either expert opinion or on industrial maintenance experience for similar technologies. This report details the modeling activity and the calculated doses for the maintenance activities envisioned for the US DCLL TBM.

Merrill, Brad J; Cadwallader, Lee C; Dagher, Mohamad

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Design considerations for neutron activation and neutron source strength monitors for ITER

The International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor will require highly accurate measurements of fusion power production in time, space, and energy. Spectrometers in the neutron camera could do it all, but experience has taught us that multiple methods with redundancy and complementary uncertainties are needed. Previously, conceptual designs have been presented for time-integrated neutron activation and time-dependent neutron source strength monitors, both of which will be important parts of the integrated suite of neutron diagnostics for this purpose. The primary goals of the neutron activation system are: to maintain a robust relative measure of fusion energy production with stability and wide dynamic range; to enable an accurate absolute calibration of fusion power using neutronic techniques as successfully demonstrated on JET and TFTR; and to provide a flexible system for materials testing. The greatest difficulty is that the irradiation locations need to be close to plasma with a wide field of view. The routing of the pneumatic system is difficult because of minimum radius of curvature requirements and because of the careful need for containment of the tritium and activated air. The neutron source strength system needs to provide real-time source strength vs. time with {approximately}1 ms resolution and wide dynamic range in a robust and reliable manner with the capability to be absolutely calibrated by in-situ neutron sources as done on TFTR, JT-60U, and JET. In this paper a more detailed look at the expected neutron flux field around ITER is folded into a more complete design of the fission chamber system.

Barnes, C.W. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Jassby, D.L.; LeMunyan, G.; Roquemore, A.L. [Princeton Univ., NJ (United States). Plasma Physics Lab.; Walker, C. [ITER Joint Central Team, Garching (Germany)

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

328

Development of the bus joint for the ITER Central Solenoid

The terminations of the Central Solenoid (CS) modules are connected to the bus extensions by joints located outside the CS in the gap between the CS and Torodial Field (TF) assemblies. These joints have very strict space limitations. Low resistance is a common requirement for all ITER joints. In addition, the CS bus joints will experience and must be designed to withstand significant variation in the magnetic field of several tenths of a Tesla per second during initiation of plasma. The joint resistance is specified to be less than 4 nOhm. The joints also have to be soldered in the field and designed with the possibility to be installed and dismantled in order to allow cold testing in the cold test facility. We have developed coaxial joints that meet these requirements and have demonstrated the feasibility to fabricate and assemble them in the vertical configuration. We introduced a coupling cylinder with superconducting strands soldered to the surface of the cable that can be installed in the ITER assembly hall and at the Cold Test Facility. This cylinder serves as a transition area between the CS module and the bus extension. We made two racetrack samples and tested four bus joints in our Joint Test Apparatus. Resistance of the bus joints was measured by a decay method and by a microvoltmeter; the value of the current was measured by the Hall probes. This measurement method was verified in the previous tests. The resistance of the joints varied insignificantly from 1.5 to 2 nOhm. One of the challenges associated with a soldered joint is the inability to use corrosive chemicals that are difficult to clean. This paper describes our development work on cable preparation, chrome removal, compaction, soldering, and final assembly and presents the test results.

Martovetsky, Nicolai N [ORNL] [ORNL; Irick, David Kim [ORNL] [ORNL; Kenney, Steven J [ORNL] [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7 7 AUDIT REPORT THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY' S MANAGEMENT OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT INTEGRATION MARCH 1998 U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL OFFICE OF AUDIT SERVICES DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Washington, DC 20585 MEMORANDUM FOR THE SECRETARY FROM: Gregory H. Friedman Principal Deputy Inspector General SUBJECT: INFORMATION : Audit Report on "Audit of the Department of Energy's Management of Research and Development Integration" BACKGROUND The Congress, independent task forces, and advisory groups have pointed out the need for the Department to improve its integration of research and development (R&D) projects. In the past, R&D management was carried out by different program offices with the research being

330

Residential Buildings Integration Program

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

David Lee David Lee Program Manager David.Lee@ee.doe.gov 202-287-1785 April 2, 2013 Residential Buildings Integration Program Building Technologies Office Program Peer Review 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Sub-Programs for Review Better Buildings Neighborhood Program Building America Challenge Home Home Energy Score Home Performance with ENERGY STAR Solar Decathlon 3 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov How Residential Buildings Fits into BTO Research & Development * Develop technology roadmaps * Prioritize opportunities * Solicit and select innovative technology solutions * Collaborate with researchers

331

Residential Buildings Integration Program

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

David Lee David Lee Program Manager David.Lee@ee.doe.gov 202-287-1785 April 2, 2013 Residential Buildings Integration Program Building Technologies Office Program Peer Review 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Sub-Programs for Review Better Buildings Neighborhood Program Building America Challenge Home Home Energy Score Home Performance with ENERGY STAR Solar Decathlon 3 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov How Residential Buildings Fits into BTO Research & Development * Develop technology roadmaps * Prioritize opportunities * Solicit and select innovative technology solutions * Collaborate with researchers

332

SAMGrid is the shared data handling framework of the two large Fermilab Run II collider experiments: DZero and CDF. In production since 1999 at D0, and going into production at CDF, the SAMGrid framework has been adapted over time to accommodate a variety of storage solutions and configurations, as well as the differing data processing models of these two experiments. This has been very successful for both experiments. Backed by primary data repositories of approximately 1 PB in size for each experiment, the SAMGrid framework delivers over 100 TB/day to DZero and CDF analyses at Fermilab and around the world. Each of the storage systems used with SAMGrid, however, has distinct interfaces, protocols, and behaviors. This led to different levels of integration of the various storage devices into the framework, which complicated the exploitation of their functionality and limited in some cases SAMGrid expansion across the experiments Grid. In an effort to simplify the SAMGrid storage interfaces, SAMGrid is adopting the Storage Resource Manager (SRM) concept as the universal interface to all storage devices. This simplifies the SAMGrid framework, especially the implementation of storage device interactions. It prepares the SAMGrid framework for future storage solutions equipped with SRM interfaces, without the need for long and risky software integration projects. In principle, any storage device with an SRM interface can be used with the SAMGrid framework. The integration of SRMs is an important further step towards evolving the SAMGrid framework into a co-operating collection of distinct, modular grid-oriented services. This report outlines how the SRMs are being integrated into the existing SAMGrid framework without disturbing on-going operations.

Kennedy, R.D.; Baranovski, A.; Garzoglio, G.; Illingworth, R.; Kreymer, A.; Kumar, A.; Loebel-Carpenter, L.; Lueking, L.; Lyon, A.; Merritt, W.; Terekhov, I.; Trumbo, J.; Veseli, S.; White, S.; /Fermilab; Burgon-Lyon, M.; St. Denis, R.; /Glasgow U.; Belforte, S.; /INFN, Trieste; Kerzel, U.; /Karlsruhe U.; Bartsch, V.; Leslie, M.; Stonjek, S.; /Oxford

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jeanette Berry; Juan Ferrada; Seokho Kim; Warren Curd; Giovanni Dell'Orco; Vladimir Barabash

334

A Newton-Krylov solution to the porous medium equations in the agree code

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In order to improve the convergence of the AGREE code for porous medium, a Newton-Krylov solver was developed for steady state problems. The current three-equation system was expanded and then coupled using Newton's Method. Theoretical behavior predicts second order convergence, while actual behavior was highly nonlinear. The discontinuous derivatives found in both closure and empirical relationships prevented true second order convergence. Agreement between the current solution and new Exact Newton solution was well below the convergence criteria. While convergence time did not dramatically decrease, the required number of outer iterations was reduced by approximately an order of magnitude. GMRES was also used to solve problem, where ILU without fill-in was used to precondition the iterative solver, and the performance was slightly slower than the direct solution. (authors)

Ward, A. M.; Seker, V.; Xu, Y.; Downar, T. J. [Dept. of Nuclear Engineering and Radioligical Sciences, Univ. of Michigan, 2355 Bonisteel Blvd, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Integrated Window System Our research activities in the field of high performance windows have led us to conclude that even by using high performance insulating glass units, low conductivity frames, and warm edge spacers, there are still untapped sources for improving energy efficiency in the design and use of residential windows. While such high performance windows are a dramatic improvement over conventional units, they do not reduce conductive losses through wall framing around the window, offer guarantees against excessive wall/window infiltration nor do they adapt to the daily and seasonal potentials for night insulation and summer shading. To meet this need, we have been working on the design, development, and prototyping of Integrated Window Systems (IWS) since 1993. Integrated Window Systems are a form of panelized construction where the wall panel includes an operable or fixed window sash, recessed night insulation, integral solar shading, and is built in a factory setting in order to minimize thermal short circuits and infiltration at joints. IWSs can be built in modular lengths to facilitate their installation with conventional wood frame stick construction or other forms of panelized construction.

336

Chinese Statement on Joint Declaration in ITER MM - 2 in Moscow XU Guanhua, Minister of Science step towards the Joint Implementation of ITER, after several long-term and tough bilateral discussions Negotiation with other parties so as to prepare for an efficient start of joint implementation of ITER after

337

Principal curvatures from the integral invariant viewpoint

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The extraction of curvature information for surfaces is a basic problem of Geometry Processing. Recently an integral invariant solution of this problem was presented, which is based on principal component analysis of local neighborhoods defined by kernel ... Keywords: Integral invariants, Principal curvatures, Robustness

Helmut Pottmann; Johannes Wallner; Yong-Liang Yang; Yu-Kun Lai; Shi-Min Hu

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Advanced Dehumidification and Humidity Control Solutions

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This technical brief explains the foundation of conventional, advanced, and emerging technologies for humidity control in air-conditioned buildings in easy-to-understand language for utility executives as well as end-users. It also describes new packaged solutions that integrate vapor compression cooling and desiccant dehumidification technologies in creative ways to offer more energy efficient solutions for applications in existing or new construction, especially in humid climates.

2008-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

339

Smart Grid Integration Laboratory

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The initial federal funding for the Colorado State University Smart Grid Integration Laboratory is through a Congressionally Directed Project (CDP), DE-OE0000070 Smart Grid Integration Laboratory. The original program requested in three one-year increments for staff acquisition, curriculum development, and instrumentation â?? all which will benefit the Laboratory. This report focuses on the initial phase of staff acquisition which was directed and administered by DOE NETL/ West Virginia under Project Officer Tom George. Using this CDP funding, we have developed the leadership and intellectual capacity for the SGIC. This was accomplished by investing (hiring) a core team of Smart Grid Systems engineering faculty focused on education, research, and innovation of a secure and smart grid infrastructure. The Smart Grid Integration Laboratory will be housed with the separately funded Integrid Laboratory as part of CSUâ??s overall Smart Grid Integration Center (SGIC). The period of performance of this grant was 10/1/2009 to 9/30/2011 which included one no cost extension due to time delays in faculty hiring. The Smart Grid Integration Laboratoryâ??s focus is to build foundations to help graduate and undergraduates acquire systems engineering knowledge; conduct innovative research; and team externally with grid smart organizations. Using the results of the separately funded Smart Grid Workforce Education Workshop (May 2009) sponsored by the City of Fort Collins, Northern Colorado Clean Energy Cluster, Colorado State University Continuing Education, Spirae, and Siemens has been used to guide the hiring of faculty, program curriculum and education plan. This project develops faculty leaders with the intellectual capacity to inspire its students to become leaders that substantially contribute to the development and maintenance of Smart Grid infrastructure through topics such as: (1) Distributed energy systems modeling and control; (2) Energy and power conversion; (3) Simulation of electrical power distribution system that integrates significant quantities of renewable and distributed energy resources; (4) System dynamic modeling that considers end-user behavior, economics, security and regulatory frameworks; (5) Best practices for energy management IT control solutions for effective distributed energy integration (including security with the underlying physical power systems); (6) Experimental verification of effects of various arrangements of renewable generation, distributed generation and user load types along with conventional generation and transmission. Understanding the core technologies for enabling them to be used in an integrated fashion within a distribution network remains is a benefit to the future energy paradigm and future and present energy engineers.

Wade Troxell

2011-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

340

Formation and Sustainment of ITPs in ITER with the Baseline Heating Mix

Plasmas with internal transport barriers (ITBs) are a potential and attractive route to steady-state operation in ITER. These plasmas exhibit radially localized regions of improved con nement with steep pressure gradients in the plasma core, which drive large bootstrap current and generate hollow current pro les and negative shear. This work examines the formation and sustainment of ITBs in ITER with electron cyclotron heating and current drive. It is shown that, with a trade-o of the power delivered to the equatorial and to the upper launcher, the sustainment of steady-state ITBs can be demonstrated in ITER with the baseline heating con guration.

Francesca M. Poli and Charles Kessel

2012-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

While these samples are representative of the content of NLE

they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.

We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLE

to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.

341

Sixth-order and Seventh-order Iterative Methods for Solving Nonlinear Equations

In this article, we discuss sixth-order and seventh-order iterative methods for nonlinear equations. Derivative-based and derivative-free, both categories are presented for said iterative methods. Especially sixth-order derivative-based and derivative-free iterative families are constructed in such a way that they circumstance a wide class of sixth-order methods which are developed in last many years. Weight functions are introduced to enhance the efficiency and parametric combination gives weight-age flexibility in between weight functions.

Fayyaz Ahmad; Domingo García-Senz

2013-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

342

Steady-State Solutions in Nonlinear Diffusive Shock Acceleration

Stationary solutions to the equations of non-linear diffusive shock acceleration play a fundamental role in the theory of cosmic-ray acceleration. Their existence usually requires that a fraction of the accelerated particles be allowed to escape from the system. Because the scattering mean-free-path is thought to be an increasing function of energy, this condition is conventionally implemented as an upper cut-off in energy space -- particles are then permitted to escape from any part of the system, once their energy exceeds this limit. However, because accelerated particles are responsible for substantial amplification of the ambient magnetic field in a region upstream of the shock front, we examine an alternative approach in which particles escape over a spatial boundary. We use a simple iterative scheme that constructs stationary numerical solutions to the coupled kinetic and hydrodynamic equations. For parameters appropriate for supernova remnants, we find stationary solutions with efficient acceleration w...

Reville, B; Duffy, P

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

DESIGN, ANALYSIS AND TEST CONCEPT FOR PROTOTYPE CRYOLINE OF ITER

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The ITER cryo-distribution and cryoline is a part of the in-kind supply for India. The design of the systems is in progress. The topology of torus and neutral beam cryoline is defined as six process pipes along with thermal shield at 80 K and outer vacuum jacket. In order to develop confidence in the concept and to establish the high level of engineering and manufacturing technology, a prototype testing has been proposed. The prototype test will be carried out on 1:1 model in terms of dimension. However, the mass flow rate of the supercritical helium at 4.5 K and gaseous helium at 80 K will be on a 1:10 scale. The prototype cryoline has been designed and analyzed for thermal, structural and hydraulic parameters. The objective of this prototype test is to verify mechanical behavior due to thermal stress and pressure force, thermal and hydraulic performances. The concept of test facility has been realized along with the Piping and Instrumentation (P and I) diagram, instrumentation, controls, data acquisition, 80 K helium generation system along with supply and return valve boxes and interfacing hardware. The design concept, methodology for analysis and results, as well as the test facility have been discussed.

Sarkar, B.; Badgujar, S.; Vaghela, H.; Shah, N.; Bhattacharya, R.; Chakrapani, Ch. [Institute for Plasma Research Bhat, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, 382428 (India)

2008-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

344

Commissioning of the ITER-like ICRF antenna for JET

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The new JET ion cyclotron resonance frequency (ICRF) ITER-like antenna (ILA), which was assembled during 2006, was commissioned on the JET RF testbed prior to installation on the JET torus. The 4 resonant double loops (RDL) of the ILA were tested at high power at 42 MHz up to 42 kV for 5 s in 10 min intervals. Low power matching studies using a saltwater load placed in front of the ILA have allowed testing and optimizing proposed matching algorithms on single RDLs, paired RDLs and finally on the full array. The upper limit of the frequency range of the ILA appears to be limited to 47 49 MHz due to the effect on the electrical lengths of the connection between the capacitors and the conjugate T point. Capacitor position scans have allowed obtaining the necessary data to confirm the RF model of the RDL which is necessary for the scattering matrix arc detection. The latter is deemed necessary in order to detect arcs at the low impedance conjugate T of the circuit. The antenna was installed onto JET during August 2007 and commissioning on plasma started May 2008. At present the commissioning of the ILA on JET is ongoing in a series of dedicated experimental campaigns.

Durodie, F. [ERM-KMS, Association EURATOM-Belgian State, Brussels, Belgium; Dumortier, P. [ERM-KMS, Association EURATOM-Belgian State, Brussels, Belgium; Huygen, S. [ERM-KMS, Association EURATOM-Belgian State, Brussels, Belgium; Jachmich, S. [ERM-KMS, Association EURATOM-Belgian State, Brussels, Belgium; Lerche, E. [ERM-KMS, Association EURATOM-Belgian State, Brussels, Belgium; Messiaen, A. [ERM-KMS, Association EURATOM-Belgian State, Brussels, Belgium; Ongena, J. [ERM-KMS, Association EURATOM-Belgian State, Brussels, Belgium; Van Eester, D. [Laboratory for Plasma Physics-ERM/KMS (LPP-ERM/KMS), Brussels, Belgium; Vervier, M. [ERM-KMS, Association EURATOM-Belgian State, Brussels, Belgium; Vrancken, M. [ERM-KMS, Association EURATOM-Belgian State, Brussels, Belgium; Nightingale, M. [EURATOM / UKAEA, Abingdon, UK; Blackman, T. [EURATOM / UKAEA, Abingdon, UK; Edwards, P. [EURATOM / UKAEA, Abingdon, UK; Fanthome, J. [EURATOM / UKAEA, Abingdon, UK; Graham, M. [EURATOM / UKAEA, Abingdon, UK; Jacquet, P. [EURATOM / UKAEA, Abingdon, UK; Kaye, A. [EURATOM / UKAEA, Abingdon, UK; Mayoral, M. -L. [EURATOM / UKAEA, Abingdon, UK; Monakhov, I. [EURATOM / UKAEA, Abingdon, UK; Nicholls, K. [EURATOM / UKAEA, Abingdon, UK; Stork, D. [EURATOM / UKAEA, Abingdon, UK; Walden, A. [EURATOM / UKAEA, Abingdon, UK; Whitehurst, A. [EURATOM / UKAEA, Abingdon, UK; Zastrow, K. -D. [EURATOM / UKAEA, Abingdon, UK; Argouarch, A. [CEA-Cadarache, St. Paul lex Durance, France; Berger-By, G. [CEA-Cadarache, St. Paul lex Durance, France; Loarer, T. [CEA-Cadarache, St. Paul lex Durance, France; Rimini, F. [CEA-Cadarache, St. Paul lex Durance, France; Castano-Giraldo, C. [University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign; Caughman, John B [ORNL; Goulding, Richard Howell [ORNL; Cocilovo, V. [Association Euratom-ENEA sulla Fusione, Italy; Frigione, D. [Association Euratom-ENEA sulla Fusione, Italy; Sozzi, C. [Association Euratom-ENEA sulla Fusione, Italy; Hobrik, J. [Max-Planck-Institut fu?r Plasmaphysik, EURATOM Association, Garching, Germany; Lamalle, Philippe [ITER Joint Work Site, Cadarache; Nave, M. F. F. [Association EURATOM/IST, Lisbon, Portugal; Tsalas, M. [Association EURATOM-Hellas, Attica, Greece

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Power allocation for irregularly modulated MIMO signaling with iterative frequency domain detector

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new power allocation method for irregularly modulated signaling in single carrier point-to-point multiple input multiple output (MIMO) systems with an iterative frequencydomain (FD) soft cancellation (SC) minimum mean squared error (MMSE) equalization ...

Juha Karjalainen; Antti Tölli; Marian Codreanu; Markku Juntti; Tad Matsumoto

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

US ITER is a strong contributor in plan to enhance international...

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

By Lynne Degitz, US ITER March 28, 2013 Tweet Widget Facebook Like Google Plus One PPPL's Russell Feder, left, and David Johnson developed key features for a modular approach to...

347

Gas species, their evolution and segregation through the ITER vacuum systems

This paper takes the ITER fueling requirements and current knowledge of gas balance and exhaust from operating tokamaks to predict all likely gas inputs into the ITER Vacuum systems. Areas where gas dynamics modeling is relevant to the ITER design are highlighted. The design and operation of the ITER vacuum system gives an element of segregation of different gas flows and species. This paper analyses the time dependent gas segregation in the vacuum system resulting from different temperature dependences of cryogenic sorption and condensation processes of different gas species. As a specific example, the optimal transfer of Ar-41 through the vacuum system is studied with respect to its decay and the resulting effects on the design of system components.

Pearce, R.J.H. [ITER Organization, Cadarache, France; Antipenkov, Alexander [ITER Joint Work Site, Cadarache; Bersier, Jean-Louis [ITER Joint Work Site, Cadarache; Boussier, Bastien [ITER Joint Work Site, Cadarache; Baylor, Larry R [ORNL; Gardner, Walter L [ORNL; Meitner, Steven J [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

PPPL and ITER: Lab teams support the world's largest fusion experiment...

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ITER: Lab teams support the world's largest fusion experiment with leading-edge ideas and design By John Greenwald May 7, 2013 Tweet Widget Facebook Like Google Plus One PPPL...

349

An Iterative Regression Model for Estimating Soybean Yields from Environmental Data

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A model was developed for using weather data, to estimate the yields of soybeans for varieties adapted to the central United States. The model utilized an iterative regression analysis for relating soybean yields to environmental variables. This ...

Andres C. Ravelo; Wayne L. Decker

1981-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

ITER & Fusion Research Reference: MEMO/10/165 Date: 05/05/2010

230 million. Already in April 2010 a very important contract, the Architect Engineering contract for ITER buildings was signed between F4E and the ENGAGE consortium of European industries. The Architect

351

June 28, 2005 U.S.Statements on International Fusion Reactor (ITER)

to produce clean, safe, renewable, and commercially-available fusion energy by the middle of this century to the ITER talks. China, the European Union, Japan, the Russian Federation, and South Korea also

352

We derive a new variational principle for the quantum Fisher information leading to a simple iterative alternating algorithm, the convergence of which is proved. The case of a fixed measurement, i.e. the classical Fisher information, is also discussed.

Katarzyna Macieszczak

2013-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

353

U.S. PARTICIPATION IN THE ITER TEST BLANKET MODULE (TBM) PROGRAM

for fusion accumulated over 40 years of CANDU reactors operation will peak at 27 kg in the year 2027 and of about $200 million dollars per kg. The CANDU tritium supply will be available for use in ITER in its

Abdou, Mohamed

354

Accelerated Iterative Method for Solving Steady Problems of Linearized Atmospheric Models

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new approach, referred to as the accelerated iterative method (AIM), is developed for obtaining steady atmospheric responses with a zonally varying basic state. The linear dynamical operator is divided into two parts, one associated with the ...

Masahiro Watanabe; Fei-fei Jin; Lin Pan

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Electromagnetic analysis of forces and torques on the ITER shield modules due to plasma disruption.

An electromagnetic analysis is performed on the ITER shield modules under different plasma disruption scenarios using the OPERA-3d software. The modeling procedure is explained, electromagnetic torques are presented, and results of the modeling are discussed.

Kotulski, Joseph Daniel; Coats, Rebecca Sue; Pasik, Michael Francis; Ulrickson, Michael Andrew

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Qualification of the US Made Conductors for ITER TF Magnet System

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The US Domestic Agency (USDA) is one of the six suppliers of the TF conductor for ITER. In order to qualify conductors according to ITER requirements we prepared several lengths of the CICC and short samples for testing in the SULTAN facility in CRPP, Switzerland. We also fully characterized the strands that were used in these SULTAN samples. Fabrication experience and test results are presented and discussed.

Martovetsky, Nicolai N [ORNL; Hatfield, Daniel R [ORNL; Miller, John R [ORNL; Bruzzone, P. [CRPP, Switzerland; Stepanov, B. [CRPP, Switzerland; Seber, B. [University of Geneva

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Iterative retrieval of surface emissivity and temperature for a hyperspectral sensor

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The central problem of temperature-emissivity separation is that we obtain N spectral measurements of radiance and need to find N + 1 unknowns (N emissivities and one temperature). To solve this problem in the presence of the atmosphere we need to find even more unknowns: N spectral transmissions {tau}{sub atmo}({lambda}) up-welling path radiances L{sub path}{up_arrow}({lambda}) and N down-welling path radiances L{sub path}{down_arrow}({lambda}). Fortunately there are radiative transfer codes such as MODTRAN 3 and FASCODE available to get good estimates of {tau}{sub atmo}({lambda}), L{sub path}{up_arrow}({lambda}) and L{sub path}{down_arrow}({lambda}) in the order of a few percent. With the growing use of hyperspectral imagers, e.g. AVIRIS in the visible and short-wave infrared there is hope of using such instruments in the mid-wave and thermal IR (TIR) some day. We believe that this will enable us to get around using the present temperature - emissivity separation (TES) algorithms using methods which take advantage of the many channels available in hyperspectral imagers. The first idea we had is to take advantage of the simple fact that a typical surface emissivity spectrum is rather smooth compared to spectral features introduced by the atmosphere. Thus iterative solution techniques can be devised which retrieve emissivity spectra {epsilon} based on spectral smoothness. To make the emissivities realistic, atmospheric parameters are varied using approximations, look-up tables derived from a radiative transfer code and spectral libraries. By varying the surface temperature over a small range a series of emissivity spectra are calculated. The one with the smoothest characteristic is chosen. The algorithm was tested on synthetic data using MODTRAN and the Salisbury emissivity database.

Borel, C.C.

1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Integrating games in the classroom

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

introduce the model *Second we will demonstrate it in practice Teacher Student(s) SHOW QUERY SUGGEST PREDICT Observe Evaluate Repair Execute Iterative Recursive Phase 1: Show...

359

Preserving digital media: towards a preservation solution evaluation metric

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With an increasing amount of information being digitized or directly created and subsequently existing only electronically, and coupled with an ever increasing variety of file formats and integrated document functionalities, long-term preservation solutions ...

Carl Rauch; Andreas Rauber

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

NREL: Energy Systems Integration - Energy Systems Integration...

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Systems Integration Facility Newsroom The Energy Systems Integration Facility (ESIF) will be one of the only megawatt-scale test facilities in the United States that...

While these samples are representative of the content of NLE

they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.

We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLE

to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.

361

NREL: Transmission Grid Integration - Solar Integration National...

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of the Western Wind and Solar Integration Study and Eastern Wind Integration and Transmission Study datasets greatly advanced the modeling of wind and solar power production...

362

NREL: Transmission Grid Integration - Wind Integration Datasets

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Wind Integration Datasets The Wind Integration Datasets provide energy professionals with a consistent set of wind profiles for the eastern United States and the western United...

363

364

Swaging Problems and Solutions

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 5Â Â Â Some swaging problems, potential causes, and possible solutions...causes Solutions Difficult feeding Work material too hard Anneal or stress relieve to remove effects of cold

365

Recent Progress on ITER Page 1 2012,ITEROrganization

-material interactions Â· Integration with in-vessel coils, diagnostics and blanket manifold. Â· Remote handling technologies: High RF fields, current, voltages, High heat and particle fluxes, Remote handling ... #12;Recent Blanket Shield Module and First Wall Panels Have Been Redesigned for Remote Maintenance Technical

366

Multigrid Solution Of Flame Sheet Problems On Serial And Parallel Computers

. Flame sheet problems are on the natural route to the numerical solution of detailed chemistry, laminar diffusion flames, which, in turn, are important in many engineering applications. In order to model the flame structure more accurately, we use the vorticity-velocity formulation of the fluid flow equations instead of the more traditional stream function-vorticity approach. The numerical solution of the resulting nonlinear coupled elliptic partial differential equations involves damped Newton iterations, adaptive grid procedures, and multigrid methods. We focus on nonlinear damped Newton multigrid, using either one way or correction schemes. Results on serial and parallel processors are presented. Key words. multigrid, combustion, flame sheet, Navier-Stokes, vorticity-velocity, nonlinear methods, iterative methods, parallel computing. AMS(MOS) subject classifications. 80A32, 80-08, 65C20, 65N20, 65F10. 1. Introduction. The difficulties associated with solving high heat release co...

Craig Douglas; Alexandre Ern; Mitchell; D. Smooke

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Page 1. Big Data Solutions Reference Glossary (14 pages) Very brief descriptions and links are listed here to provide starting ...

2013-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

368

Solutioning and Aging Behaviours

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 13, 2012 ... Aluminum Alloys: Fabrication, Characterization and Applications: Solutioning and Aging Behaviours Sponsored by: The Minerals, Metals and ...

369

Solutioning and Aging Behaviors

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aluminum Alloys: Development, Characterization and Applications: Solutioning and Aging Behaviors Sponsored by: TMS Light Metals Division, TMS: Aluminum

370

Author's personal copy An iterative route construction and improvement algorithm

Meeting CD ROM, Washington, DC, January 2009. . Fu, Z routing problem with soft time windows Miguel Andres Figliozzi * Department of Civil and Environmental routing Soft time windows Route construction and improvement algorithms a b s t r a c t The solution

Bertini, Robert L.

371

Study of an Iterative Technique to Minimize Completion

University 1 Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering 2 Department of Computer Science Fort Collins of some machines compared to the mapping initially generated by the heuristic. We show that consists of multiple chromosomes and has two operators to search for better solutions. The first operator

372

Classicalization via Path Integral

Recently, it was suggested that a large class of non-renormalizable theories may need no UV completion. By analogy with gravity where classical black holes are expected to be created in high-energy scatterings, it is conjectured that similar classical solutions, so-called classicalons, should occur. In this way the theory protects itself against non-unitarity, for instead of probing small distances at high energies one enters a classical regime. An effective theory of Goldstone bosons provides and example in which the size of classicalons grows with energy, and the high energy scattering is cut-off by small momenta, inversely proportional to the classicalon size. In this note we offer an alternative, path integral discussion of this important result.

Borut Bajc; Arshad Momen; Goran Senjanovi?

2011-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

373

Classicalization via Path Integral

Recently, it was suggested that a large class of non-renormalizable theories may need no UV completion. By analogy with gravity where classical black holes are expected to be created in high-energy scatterings, it is conjectured that similar classical solutions, so-called classicalons, should occur. In this way the theory protects itself against non-unitarity, for instead of probing small distances at high energies one enters a classical regime. An effective theory of Goldstone bosons provides and example in which the size of classicalons grows with energy, and the high energy scattering is cut-off by small momenta, inversely proportional to the classicalon size. In this note we offer an alternative, path integral discussion of this important result.

Bajc, Borut; Senjanovi?, Goran

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Integrated Building Management System (IBMS)

This project provides a combination of software and services that more easily and cost-effectively help to achieve optimized building performance and energy efficiency. Featuring an open-platform, cloud- hosted application suite and an intuitive user experience, this solution simplifies a traditionally very complex process by collecting data from disparate building systems and creating a single, integrated view of building and system performance. The Fault Detection and Diagnostics algorithms developed within the IBMS have been designed and tested as an integrated component of the control algorithms running the equipment being monitored. The algorithms identify the normal control behaviors of the equipment without interfering with the equipment control sequences. The algorithms also work without interfering with any cooperative control sequences operating between different pieces of equipment or building systems. In this manner the FDD algorithms create an integrated building management system.

Anita Lewis

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Design and Analysis of the ITER Vertical Stability Coils

The ITER vertical stability (VS) coils have been developed through the preliminary design phase by Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL). Final design, prototyping and construction will be carried out by the Chinese Participant Team contributing lab, Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences (ASIPP). The VS coils are a part of the in-vessel coil systems which include edge localized mode (ELM) coils as well as the VS coils. An overview of the ELM coils is provided in another paper at this conference. 15 The VS design employs four turns of stainless steel jacketed mineral insulated copper (SSMIC) conductors The mineral insulation is Magnesium Oxide (MgO). Joule and nuclear heat is removed by water flowing at 3 m/s through the hollow copper conductor. A key element in the design is that slightly elevated temperatures in the conductor and its support spine during operation impose compressive stresses that mitigate fatigue damage. Away from joints, and break-outs, conductor thermal stresses are low because of the axisymmetry of the winding (there are no corner bends as in the ELM coils).The 120 degree segment joint, and break-out or terminal regions are designed with similar but imperfect constraint compared with the ring coil portion of the VS. The support for the break-out region is made from a high strength copper alloy, CuCrZr. This is needed to conduct nuclear heat to the actively cooled conductor and to the vessel wall. The support "spine" for the ring coil portion of the VS is 316 stainless steel, held to the vessel with preloaded 718 bolts. Lorentz loads resulting from normal operating loads, disruption loads and loads from disruption currents in the support spine shared with vessel, are applied to the VS coil. The transmission of the Lorentz and thermal expansion loads from the "spine" to the vessel rails is via friction augmented with a restraining "lip" to ensure the coil frictional slip is minimal and acceptable. Stresses in the coil, joints, and break-outs are presented. These are compared with static and fatigue allowables. Design for fatigue is much less demanding than for the ELM coils. A total of 30,000 cycles is required for VS design. Loads on the vessel due to the thermal expansion of the coil and spine are significant. Efforts to reduce these by reducing the cross section of the spine have been made but the vessel still must support loads resulting from restraint of thermal expansion.

Peter H. Titus, et. al.

2012-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

376

Wavelet Algorithm for the Numerical Solution of Plane Elasticity Problem

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we apply Shannon wavelet and Galerkin method to deal with the numerical solution of the natural boundary integral equation of plane elasticity probem in the upper half-plane. The fast algorithm is given and only 3 entries need ... Keywords: Galerkin-wavelet method, Shannon wavelet, natural integral equation, plane elasticity problem

Youjian Shen; Wei Lin

2001-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Integrated Dynamic Electron Solutions, Inc. | Department of Energy

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7AC Technologies, Inc. 7AC Technologies, Inc. National Renewable Energy Laboratory 498 likes 7AC Technologies, based in Woburn, Massachusetts, is developing Liquid Desiccant HVAC systems for Commercial and Industrial buildings using technology from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory. These Liquid Desiccant HVAC systems deliver a 50 to 75 percent reduction in energy usage over conventional HVAC units. The system consists of a membrane conditioner responsible for drying and cooling the air and a heat-driven regenerator. The liquid desiccant design allows for the utilization of solar or waste heat sources, paving the way for net-zero energy retrofits to existing buildings with costs comparable to conventional HVAC. Learn More Borla Performance Industries, Inc. Oak Ridge National Laboratory

378

Integrated Dynamic Electron Solutions, Inc. | Department of Energy

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

TrakLok Corporation TrakLok Corporation Oak Ridge National Laboratory 463 likes TrakLok, Inc., based in Knoxville, Tenn., intends to use an Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL)-developed, technology for tagging, tracking, locating and communicating with cargo containers and trailers in transit. The ORNL technology provides an avenue to meet increasing requirements for shipping containers to be "smart boxes" that can be tracked electronically. TrakLok uses GPS technology and satellite communications as part of its tracking and warning capability and international container locking technology to protect against container tampering, theft, vandalism and smuggling. Shipments can be tracked through a web-accessible, information technology-based global tracking system to provide real time visibility of

379

Integrative Power Supply Solution for Future Generation Vehicles.

?? Abstract: How to secure the power supply for future generation vehicles is an open question. This thesis uses Web-HIPRE as a tool of Decision… (more)

Zhou, Qinsheng

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Integrated Dynamic Electron Solutions, Inc. | Department of Energy

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

TrakLok Corporation Oak Ridge National Laboratory 463 likes TrakLok, Inc., based in Knoxville, Tenn., intends to use an Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL)-developed, technology...

While these samples are representative of the content of NLE

they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.

We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLE

to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.

381

Integrated Dynamic Electron Solutions, Inc. | Department of Energy

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7AC Technologies, Inc. National Renewable Energy Laboratory 498 likes 7AC Technologies, based in Woburn, Massachusetts, is developing Liquid Desiccant HVAC systems for Commercial...

382

Integrated Dynamic Electron Solutions, Inc. | Department of Energy

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Element One, Inc. National Renewable Energy Laboratory 191524 likes Element One, based in Boulder, Colorado, has created the only available coatings that change color when...

383

NREL: Continuum Magazine - Integrated Solutions for a Complex...

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

technologies design and performance. An array of clean energy technologies, including wind, solar, and electric vehicle batteries, is reaching cost parity with conventional...

384

Integrating Security Solutions to Support nanoCMOS Electronics Research

Sinnott,R.O. Asenov,A. Bayliss,C. Davenhall,C. Doherty,T. Harbulot,B. Jones,M. Martin,D. Millar,C. Roy,G. Roy,S. Stewart,G. Watt,J. IEEE International Symposium on Parallel and Distributed Processing Systems with Applications, Sydney Australia, December 2008.

Sinnott, R.O.

385

Product derivation for solution-driven product line engineering

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Solution-driven product line engineering is a project business where products are created for each customer individually. Although reuse of results from former projects is widely done, configuration and integration of the results currently is often a ... Keywords: feature modeling, software product line development, solution-driven software development

Christoph Elsner; Daniel Lohmann; Wolfgang Schröder-Preikschat

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Lightweight Steel Solutions for Automotive Industry

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recently, improvement in fuel efficiency and safety has become the biggest issue in worldwide automotive industry. Although the regulation of environment and safety has been tightened up more and more, the majority of vehicle bodies are still manufactured from stamped steel components. This means that the optimized steel solutions enable to demonstrate its ability to reduce body weight with high crashworthiness performance instead of expensive light weight materials such as Al, Mg and composites. To provide the innovative steel solutions for automotive industry, POSCO has developed AHSS and its application technologies, which is directly connected to EVI activities. EVI is a technical cooperation program with customer covering all stages of new car project from design to mass production. Integrated light weight solutions through new forming technologies such as TWB, hydroforming and HPF are continuously developed and provided for EVI activities. This paper will discuss the detailed status of these technologies especially light weight steel solutions based on innovative technologies.

Lee, Hong Woo; Kim, Gyosung; Park, Sung Ho [Technical Research Laboratories, POSCO, 699, Gumho-dong, Gwangyang-si, Jeonnam, 545-090 (Korea, Republic of)

2010-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

387

Status of the 1 MeV Accelerator Design for ITER NBI

The beam source of neutral beam heating/current drive system for ITER is needed to accelerate the negative ion beam of 40A with D{sup -} at 1 MeV for 3600 sec. In order to realize the beam source, design and R and D works are being developed in many institutions under the coordination of ITER organization. The development of the key issues of the ion source including source plasma uniformity, suppression of co-extracted electron in D beam operation and also after the long beam duration time of over a few 100 sec, is progressed mainly in IPP with the facilities of BATMAN, MANITU and RADI. In the near future, ELISE, that will be tested the half size of the ITER ion source, will start the operation in 2011, and then SPIDER, which demonstrates negative ion production and extraction with the same size and same structure as the ITER ion source, will start the operation in 2014 as part of the NBTF. The development of the accelerator is progressed mainly in JAEA with the MeV test facility, and also the computer simulation of beam optics also developed in JAEA, CEA and RFX. The full ITER heating and current drive beam performance will be demonstrated in MITICA, which will start operation in 2016 as part of the NBTF.

Kuriyama, M.; Boilson, D.; Hemsworth, R.; Svensson, L.; Graceffa, J.; Schunke, B.; Decamps, H.; Tanaka, M. [ITER Organization, 13067 Saint-Paul-lez-Durance Cede (France); Bonicelli, T.; Masiello, A. [Fusion for Energy, C/Josep Pla 2, 08019 Barcelona (Spain); Bigi, M.; Chitarin, G.; Luchetta, A.; Marcuzzi, D.; Pasqualotto, R.; Pomaro, N.; Serianni, G.; Sonato, P.; Toigo, V.; Zaccaria, P. [Consorzio RFX. Corso Stati Uniti 4 35127 Padova (Italy)

2011-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

388

SunShot Initiative: Systems Integration

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Systems Integration Systems Integration High Penetration Solar Portal The High Penetration Solar Portal has timely information related to high penetration solar scenarios and integrating solar into the grid. The site allows utilities, grant awardees, regulators, researchers, and other solar professionals can easily share data, case studies, lessons learned, and demonstration project findings. Photo of power lines. Transmission line access is one challenge facing new utility-scale solar installations in the U.S. Photo by Dennis Schroeder, NREL 18981 Through the SunShot Initiative, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) supports the development of innovative, cost-effective solutions that allow increasing amounts of solar energy to integrate seamlessly with the national power grid while mitigating associated risks and reducing system costs. Such solutions will help achieve the SunShot goals by ensuring system reliability and encouraging the widespread deployment of solar technologies, such as photovoltaics and concentrating solar power.

389

Aspects of Solitons in Affine Integrable Hierarchies

We argue that one of the basic ingredients for the appearance of soliton solutions in integrable hierarchies, is the existence of ``vacuum solutions'' corresponding to Lax operators lying in some abelian subalgebra of the associated affine Kac-Moody algebra. Using the dressing transformation we construct the solutions in the orbit of those vacuum solutions, and conjecture that the solitons correspond to some special points in those orbits. The generalized tau-function for those hierarchies are defined for integrable highest weight representations. It applies for any level of the representation. We illustrate our methods with the recently proposed non abelian Toda models coupled to matter fields. A very special class of such theories possess a U(1) Noether charge that is proportional to a topological charge. That leads to a mechanism that confines the matter fields inside the solitons.

Luiz A. Ferreira; Joaquin Sanchez Guillen

1997-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

390

Mixed wasted integrated program: Logic diagram

The Mixed Waste Integrated Program Logic Diagram was developed to provide technical alternative for mixed wastes projects for the Office of Technology Development`s Mixed Waste Integrated Program (MWIP). Technical solutions in the areas of characterization, treatment, and disposal were matched to a select number of US Department of Energy (DOE) treatability groups represented by waste streams found in the Mixed Waste Inventory Report (MWIR).

Mayberry, J.; Stelle, S. [Science Applications International Corp., Idaho Falls, ID (United States); O`Brien, M. [Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, AZ (United States); Rudin, M. [Univ. of Nevada, Las Vegas, NV (United States); Ferguson, J. [Lockheed Idaho Technologies Co., Idaho Falls, ID (United States); McFee, J. [I.T. Corp., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1994-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

391

"Progress in U.S. ITER Magnet Systems", Wayne Reiersen, Princeton

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

November 28, 2012, 4:15pm November 28, 2012, 4:15pm MBG Auditorium "Progress in U.S. ITER Magnet Systems", Wayne Reiersen, Princeton University Mr. Wayne Reiersen Princeton University U.S. ITER is responsible for providing the ITER Central Solenoid (CS), nine lengths of Toroidal Field (TF) Coil conductor, and Insert Coils for assessing CS and TF conductor performance. The status of the ongoing design and fabrication efforts will be reviewed. The interesting hurdles that had to be negotiated, the lingering problems, and the lessons learned will be discussed. (At the presenter's request, no video or presentation materials are available for this lecture.) Contact Information Coordinator(s): Carol Ann Austin caustin@pppl.gov Host(s): Phil Heitzenroeder pheitzen@pppl.gov PPPL Entrance Procedures

392

RAMI Analyses of Heating Neutral Beam and Diagnostic Neutral Beam Systems for ITER

A RAMI (Reliability, Availability, Maintainability, Inspectability) analysis has been performed for the heating (and current drive) neutral beam (HNB) and diagnostic neutral beam (DNB) systems of the ITER device. The objective of these analyses is to implement RAMI engineering requirements for design and testing to prepare a reliability-centred plan for commissioning, operation, and maintenance of the system in the framework of technical risk control to support the overall ITER Project. These RAMI requirements will correspond to the RAMI targets for the ITER project and the compensating provisions to reach them as deduced from the necessary actions to decrease the risk level of the function failure modes. The RAMI analyses results have to match with the procurement plan of the systems.

Chang, D. H. [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute(KAERI), Daejeon 305-353 (Korea, Republic of); Lee, S. [ITER-Korea Domestic Agency, National Fusion Research Institute(NFRI), Daejeon 305-333 (Korea, Republic of); Hemsworth, R.; Houtte, D. van; Okayama, K.; Sagot, F.; Schunke, B.; Svensson, L. [ITER Organization, 13067 St. Paul-lez-Durance Cedex (France)

2011-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

393

Iterative receivers for OFDM systems with dispersive fading and frequency offset

The presence of dispersive fading and inter-carrier interference (ICI) constitute the major impediment to reliable communications in orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM) systems. Recently iterative (``Turbo'') processing techniques, which have been successfully applied to many detection/decoding problems, have received considerable attention. In this thesis, we first aim on the design of iterative receiver for single antenna OFDM system with frequency offset and dispersive fading. Further work is then extended to space-time block coded (STBC) OFDM system. At last, the technique is applied to STBC-OFDM system through a newly built channel model, which is based on a physical description of the propagation environment. The performance of such systems are verified by computer simulations. The simulation results show that the iterative techniques work well in OFDM systems.

Liu, Hui

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Tungsten spectroscopy relevant to the diagnostics development of ITER divertor plasmas

The ITER tokamak will have tungsten divertor tiles and, consequently, the divertor plasmas are expected to contain tungsten ions. The spectral emission from these ions can serve to diagnose the divertor for plasma parameters such as tungsten concentrations, densities, ion and electron temperatures, and flow velocities. The ITER divertor plasmas will likely have densities around 10{sup 14-15} cm{sup -3} and temperatures below 150 eV. These conditions are similar to the plasmas at the Sustained Spheromak Physics Experiment (SSPX) in Livermore. To simulate ITER divertor plasmas, a tungsten impurity was introduced into the SSPX spheromak by prefilling it with tungsten hexacarbonyl prior to the usual hydrogen gas injection and initiation of the plasma discharge. The possibility of using the emission from low charge state tungsten ions to diagnose tokamak divertor plasmas has been investigated using a high-resolution extreme ultraviolet spectrometer.

Clementson, J; Beiersdorfer, P; Magee, E W; McLean, H S; Wood, R D

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Implementation of the Iterative Proportion Fitting Algorithm for Geostatistical Facies Modeling

In geostatistics, most stochastic algorithm for simulation of categorical variables such as facies or rock types require a conditional probability distribution. The multivariate probability distribution of all the grouped locations including the unsampled location permits calculation of the conditional probability directly based on its definition. In this article, the iterative proportion fitting (IPF) algorithm is implemented to infer this multivariate probability. Using the IPF algorithm, the multivariate probability is obtained by iterative modification to an initial estimated multivariate probability using lower order bivariate probabilities as constraints. The imposed bivariate marginal probabilities are inferred from profiles along drill holes or wells. In the IPF process, a sparse matrix is used to calculate the marginal probabilities from the multivariate probability, which makes the iterative fitting more tractable and practical. This algorithm can be extended to higher order marginal probability constraints as used in multiple point statistics. The theoretical framework is developed and illustrated with estimation and simulation example.

Li Yupeng, E-mail: yupeng@ualberta.ca; Deutsch, Clayton V. [University of Alberta (Canada)

2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

396

Innovative Financing Solutions

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

AGENCY'S ENERGY STAR PROGRAM INNOVATIVE FINANCING SOLUTIONS: FINDING MONEY FOR YOUR ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROJECTS Are you having trouble getting energy efficiency projects...

397

398

399

Optimization Online - Approximate Primal Solutions and Rate ...

Mar 29, 2007... limit as the number of subgradient iterations increases to infinity). Furthermore, no convergence rate results are known for these algorithms.

400

Separations and safeguards model integration.

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Research and development of advanced reprocessing plant designs can greatly benefit from the development of a reprocessing plant model capable of transient solvent extraction chemistry. This type of model can be used to optimize the operations of a plant as well as the designs for safeguards, security, and safety. Previous work has integrated a transient solvent extraction simulation module, based on the Solvent Extraction Process Having Interaction Solutes (SEPHIS) code developed at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, with the Separations and Safeguards Performance Model (SSPM) developed at Sandia National Laboratory, as a first step toward creating a more versatile design and evaluation tool. The goal of this work was to strengthen the integration by linking more variables between the two codes. The results from this integrated model show expected operational performance through plant transients. Additionally, ORIGEN source term files were integrated into the SSPM to provide concentrations, radioactivity, neutron emission rate, and thermal power data for various spent fuels. This data was used to generate measurement blocks that can determine the radioactivity, neutron emission rate, or thermal power of any stream or vessel in the plant model. This work examined how the code could be expanded to integrate other separation steps and benchmark the results to other data. Recommendations for future work will be presented.

Cipiti, Benjamin B.; Zinaman, Owen

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

While these samples are representative of the content of NLE

they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.

We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLE

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401

Query estimation and order-optimized iteration in very large federations

Objectivity federated databases may contain many terabytes of data and span thousands of files. In such an environment, it is often easy for a user to pose a query that may return an iterator over millions of objects, requiring opening thousands of databases. This presentation describes several technologies developed for such settings: (1) a query estimator, which tells the user how many objects satisfy the query, and how many databases will be touched, prior to opening all of those files; (2) an order-optimized iterator, which behaves like an ordinary iterator except that elements are returned in an order optimized for efficient access, presorted by the database (and container) in which they reside; (3) a parallel implementation of the order-optimized iterator, allowing any number of processes in a parallel or distributed system to iterate over disjoint subcollections of terms satisfying the query, partitioned by the database or container in which the items reside. These technologies have been developed for scientific experiments that will require handling thousands of terabytes of data annually, but they are intended to be applicable in other massive data settings as well. In such environments, significant amounts of data will reside on tertiary storage, accessible via Objectivity`s recently-announced HPSS (High Performance Storage System) interface. When deployed in large-scale physics settings later in 1998, the query estimator will further inform the user of the number of tape mounts required to satisfy the query, and provide rough time estimates for data delivery. The order-optimized iterator will be connected to a cache manager that will prefetch from tape to disk the files needed by the query (known from the query estimation step), and will decide which items to deliver to the user next according to the order in which data become available in the disk cache.

Malon, D.M.; HENP Grand Challenge Collaboration

1998-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

402

Integrated Designs to Integrated Operations using BMS

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Integrated Designs to Integrated Operations using BMS Speaker(s): Punit Desai Date: February 6, 2013 - 12:15pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar HostPoint of Contact: Girish Ghatikar The...

403

An iterated search for influence from the future on the Large Hadron Collider

We analyse an iterated version of Nielsen and Ninomiya (N&N)'s proposed card game experiment to search for a specific type of backward causation on the running of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN. We distinguish "endogenous" and "exogenous" potential causes of failure of LHC and we discover a curious "cross-talk" between their respective probabilities and occurrence timescales when N&N-style backward causation is in effect. Finally, we note a kind of "statistical cosmic censorship" preventing the influence from the future from showing up in a statistical analysis of the iterated runs.

Iain Stewart

2007-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

404

Non-iterative and exact method for constraining particles in a linear geometry

We present a practical numerical method for evaluating the Lagrange multipliers necessary for maintaining a constrained linear geometry of particles in dynamical simulations. The method involves no iterations, and is limited in accuracy only by the numerical methods for solving small systems of linear equations. As a result of the non-iterative and exact (within numerical accuracy) nature of the procedure there is no drift in the constrained geometry, and the method is therefore readily applied to molecular dynamics simulations of, e.g., rigid linear molecules or materials of non-spherical grains. We illustrate the approach through implementation in the commonly used second-order velocity explicit Verlet method.

Horacio Tapia-McClung; Niels Grønbech-Jensen

2004-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

405

Soliton solutions for nonlinear Calaogero-Degasperis and potential Kadomtsev-Petviashvili equations

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper obtains the soliton solution for the Calogero-Degasperis and the potential Kadomtsev-Petviashvili equations. The tanh-coth and the tan-cot methods are used to retrieve the solutions. Finally, the ansatz method is also used to integrate these ... Keywords: Integrability, Solitons, Tanh-coth

Anwar Ja'afar Mohamad Jawad; Marko D. Petkovi?; Anjan Biswas

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Inverse problems associated with reservoir characterization are typically underdetermined and often have difficulties associated with stability and convergence of the solution. A common approach to address this issue is through the introduction of prior constraints, regularization or reparameterization to reduce the number of estimated parameters. We propose a dual scale approach to production data integration that relies on a combination of coarse-scale and fine-scale inversions while preserving the essential features of the geologic model. To begin with, we sequentially coarsen the fine-scale geological model by grouping layers in such a way that the heterogeneity measure of an appropriately defined 'static' property is minimized within the layers and maximized between the layers. Our coarsening algorithm results in a non-uniform coarsening of the geologic model with minimal loss of heterogeneity and the ?optimal? number of layers is determined based on a bias-variance trade-off criterion. The coarse-scale model is then updated using production data via a generalized travel time inversion. The coarse-scale inversion proceeds much faster compared to a direct fine-scale inversion because of the significantly reduced parameter space. Furthermore, the iterative minimization is much more effective because at the larger scales there are fewer local minima and those tend to be farther apart. At the end of the coarse-scale inversion, a fine-scale inversion may be carried out, if needed. This constitutes the outer iteration in the overall algorithm. The fine-scale inversion is carried out only if the data misfit is deemed to be unsatisfactory. We propose a fast and robust approach to calibrating geologic models by transient pressure data using a trajectory-based approach that based on a high frequency asymptotic expansion of the diffusivity equation. The trajectory or ray-based methods are routinely used in seismic tomography. In this work, we investigate seismic rays and compare them with streamlines. We then examine the applicability of streamline-based methods for transient pressure data inversion. Specifically, the high frequency asymptotic approach allows us to analytically compute the sensitivity of the pressure responses with respect to reservoir properties such as porosity and permeability. It facilitates a very efficient methodology for the integration of pressure data into geologic models.

Kim, Jong Uk

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Dispersant solutions for dispersing hydrocarbons

A dispersant solution includes a hydrocarbon dispersing solution derived from a bacterium from ATCC 75527, ATCC 75529, or ATCC 55638.

Tyndall, Richard L. (Clinton, TN)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Thermodynamics of ATP in Solution

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Thermodynamics of ATP in Solution. Summary: ... Computations of the thermodynamics of biomolecules in solution are rare in the literature. ...

2013-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

409

Process for removing diluent degradation products from a solvent extraction solution, which has been used to recover uranium and plutonium from spent nuclear fuel. A wash solution and the solvent extraction solution are combined. The wash solution contains (a) water and (b) up to about, and including, 50 volume percent of at least one-polar water-miscible organic solvent based on the total volume of the water and the highly-polar organic solvent. The wash solution also preferably contains at least one inorganic salt. The diluent degradation products dissolve in the highly-polar organic solvent and the organic solvent extraction solvent do not dissolve in the highly-polar organic solvent. The highly-polar organic solvent and the extraction solvent are separated.

Neace, James C. (Blackville, SC)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

A process is claimed for removing diluent degradation products from a solvent extraction solution, which has been used to recover uranium and plutonium from spent nuclear fuel. A wash solution and the solvent extraction solution are combined. The wash solution contains (a) water and (b) up to about, and including, 50 vol % of at least one-polar water-miscible organic solvent based on the total volume of the water and the highly-polar organic solvent. The wash solution also preferably contains at least one inorganic salt. The diluent degradation products dissolve in the highly-polar organic solvent and the organic solvent extraction solvent do not dissolve in the highly-polar organic solvent. The highly-polar organic solvent and the extraction solvent are separated.

Neace, J.C.

1984-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

411

RECOMMENDATIONS TO INCLUDE IN CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION'S 2009 INTEGRATED ENERGY POLICY REPORT solutions. Overview Past Energy Commission Integrated Energy Policy Reports (IEPRs) have recognized (IEPR) Submitted By: Steven Weissman Associate Director Center for Law, Energy and the Environment

Kammen, Daniel M.

412

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Iterative Learning Control (ILC) is now well established in terms of both the underlying theory and experimental application. This approach is specifically targeted at cases where the same operation is repeated over a finite duration with resetting between ... Keywords: Explicit discretization, Iterative learning control, PDEs, nD linear systems

B?a?ej Cichy; Krzysztof Ga?kowski; Eric Rogers; Anton Kummert

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

The Use of DIII-D as a Testbed for ITER ECH Transmission Line Comonents (A25064)

Proc. Of 3rd Tech. Mtg On Electron Cyclotron Resonance Heating Physics And Technology For ITER, Como, Italy, 2005, To Be Published In Proceedings3rd Technical Meeting on Electron Cyclotron Resonance Heating Physics and Technology for ITER Como, IT, 2005999610680

Callis, R.W.

2005-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

414

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article focuses on the effect of both process topology and load balancing on various programming models for SMP clusters and iterative algorithms. More specifically, we consider nested loop algorithms with constant flow dependencies, that can be ... Keywords: MPI, OpenMP, SMP clusters, high performance computing, hybrid programming, iterative algorithms, parallel programming, tiling

Nikolaos Drosinos; Nectarios Koziris

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

This paper summarizes the operational experience of the ion cyclotron resonant frequency (ICRF) ITER-like antenna on JET aiming at substantially increasing the power density in the range of the requirements for ITER combined with load resiliency. An in-depth description of its commissioning, operational aspects and achieved performances is presented.

Durodie, F. [ERM-KMS, Association EURATOM-Belgian State, Brussels, Belgium; Nightingale, M. [EURATOM / UKAEA, Abingdon, UK; Mayoral, M. -L. [EURATOM / UKAEA, Abingdon, UK; Ongena, J. [ERM-KMS, Association EURATOM-Belgian State, Brussels, Belgium; Argouarch, A. [CEA Cadarache, St. Paul lex Durance, France; Berger-By, G. [CEA Cadarache, St. Paul lex Durance, France; Goulding, Richard Howell [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Integrated Modeling of Steady-State Scenarios and Heating and Current Drive Mixes for ITER (A26896)

Proceedings Of 23rd IAEA Fusion Energy Conference, October 11-16, 2010, Daejeon, Republic Of Korea, Http://www-pub.iaea.org/mtcd/meetings/cn180_papers.asp, Paper ITR/P1-3523rd IAEA Fusion Energy Conference Daejeon, KP, 2010999617690

Murakami, M.

2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

417

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Test Blanket, Fuel Cycle, and Breeding / Proceedings of the Twentieth Topical Meeting on the Technology of Fusion Energy (TOFE-2012) (Part 2) Nashville, Tennessee, August 27-31, 2012

Jae Sung Yoon; Suk Kwon Kim; Eo Hwak Lee; Seungyon Cho; Dong Won Lee

418

Building Energy Software Tools Directory : HVAC Solution

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

HVAC Solution Back to Tool Screenshot for HVAC Solution. Screenshot for HVAC Solution. Screenshot for HVAC Solution...

419

Integrated Deployment Model: A Comprehensive Approach to Transforming the Energy Economy

This paper describes the Integrated Deployment model to accelerate market adoption of alternative energy solutions to power homes, businesses, and vehicles through a comprehensive and aggressive approach.

Werner, M.

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Three-dimensional Integrated Circuits: Design, EDA, and Architecture

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The emerging three-dimensional (3D) integration technology is one of the promising solutions to overcome the barriers in interconnection scaling, thereby offering an opportunity to continue performance improvements using CMOS technology. As the fabrication ...

Guangyu Sun; Yibo Chen; Xiangyu Dong; Jin Ouyang; Yuan Xie

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

While these samples are representative of the content of NLE

they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.

We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLE

to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.

421

A software framework for integrated sensor network applications

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sensor networks have received wide attention in recent years for their revolutionary impact in numerous fields. To harness their full potential, researchers are beginning to build end-to-end solutions that integrate heterogeneous sensor deployments with ...

Raju Pandey; Joel Koshy

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Nebraska Statewide Wind Integration Study: April 2008 - January 2010

Wind generation resources in Nebraska will play an increasingly important role in the environmental and energy security solutions for the state and the nation. In this context, the Nebraska Power Association conducted a state-wide wind integration study.

EnerNex Corporation, Knoxville, Tennessee; Ventyx, Atlanta, Georgia; Nebraska Power Association, Lincoln, Nebraska

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Bacterial Foraging Optimization Algorithm Integrating Tabu Search for Motif Discovery

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Extracting motifs in the sea of DNA sequences is an intricate task but have great significance. We propose an alternative solution integrating bacterial foraging optimization (BFO) algorithm and Tabu Search (TS) algorithm namely TS-BFO. We modify the ...

Linlin Shao; Yuehui Chen

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Delayed coking is the most effective process to decarbonize and demetallize heavy petroleum residues. However, it relies much on the field engineers' experiences and expertise in practice for operating the controllers effectively and compatibly in delayed ... Keywords: Delayed coking, Expert system, Intelligent control, Iterative learning

Xiaodong Yu; Yujie Wei; Dexian Huang; Yongheng Jiang; Bo Liu; Yihui Jin

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Double iterative optimisation for metabolic network-based drug target identification

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The goal of drug discovery is to find molecules that manipulate enzymes in order to increase or decrease the production of desired compounds while incurring minimum side-effects. An important part of this problem is the identification of the target ... Keywords: E coli, bioinformatics, data mining, drug discovery, drug target identification, iterative optimisation, metabolic networks, target enzymes

Bin Song; Padmavati Sridhar; Tamer Kahveci; Sanjay Ranka

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Thirty states sign ITER nuclear fusion plant deal 1 hour, 28 minutes ago

than 30 countries signed a deal on Tuesday to build the world's most advanced nuclear fusion reactor nuclear reactors, but critics argue it could be at least 50 years before a commercially viable reactorThirty states sign ITER nuclear fusion plant deal 1 hour, 28 minutes ago Representatives of more

427

Exploiting phase inter-dependencies for faster iterative compiler optimization phase order searches

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The problem of finding the most effective set and ordering of optimization phases to generate the best quality code is a fundamental issue in compiler optimization research. Unfortunately, the exorbitantly large phase order search spaces in current compilers ... Keywords: iterative compilation, optimization ordering, search space pruning

Michael R. Jantz; Prasad A. Kulkarni

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

The International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) is the first fusion machine that will have sufficient decay heat and activation product inventory to pose potential nuclear safety concerns. As a result, nuclear safety and environmental issues will be much more important in the approval process for the design, siting, construction, and operation of ITER in the United States than previous fusion devices, such as the Tokamak Fusion Test Reactor. The purpose of this report is (a) to provide an overview of the regulatory approval process for a Department of Energy (DOE) nuclear facility; (b) to present the dose limits used by DOE to protect workers, the public, and the environment from the risks of exposure to radiation and hazardous materials; (c) to discuss some key nuclear safety-related issues that must be addressed early in the Engineering Design Activities (EDA) to obtain regulatory approval; and (d) to provide general guidelines to the ITER Joint Central Team (JCT) concerning the development of a regulatory framework for the ITER project.

Petti, D.A.; Haire, J.C.

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Design, manufacture and initial operation of the beryllium components of the JET ITER-like wall

The aim of the JET ITER-like Wall Project was to provide JET with the plasma facing material combination now selected for the DT phase of ITER (bulk beryllium main chamber limiters and a full tungsten divertor) and, in conjunction with the upgraded neutral beam heating system, to achieve ITER relevant conditions. The design of the bulk Be plasma facing components had to be compatible with increased heating power and pulse length, as well as to reuse the existing tile supports originally designed to cope with disruption loads from carbon based tiles and be installed by remote handling. Risk reduction measures (prototypes, jigs, etc) were implemented to maximize efficiency during the shutdown. However, a large number of clashes with existing components not fully captured by the configuration model occurred. Restarting the plasma on the ITER-like Wall proved much easier than for the carbon wall and no deconditioning by disruptions was observed. Disruptions have been more threatening than expected due to the redu...

Riccardo, V; Matthews, G F; Nunes, I; Thompson, V; Villedieu, E; Contributors, JET EFDA

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Annual Report of the EURATOM/CCFE Fusion Programme 2010/11 8 ITER Systems

to the ITER heating, diagnostic and remote handling systems in particular. Fusion for Energy (F4E) content, the ion temperature and flow; Â· Remote handling system, in particular the design for the Neutral Remote Handling requirements; Â· Full manufacturing / assembly assessments. Figure 8.5: Development

431

Annual Report of the EURATOM/CCFE Fusion Programme 2011/12 8 ITER Systems

and Remote Handling etc.) in Europe; 8ITERSystems Â· Seek to play other design roles in R&D of ITER specialist the helium (ash) content, the ion temperature and flow; Â· Remote handling system, in particular the design Dump and Calorimeter designs. 8.2.3 REMOTE HANDLING CCFE was awarded a grant to complete the conceptual

432

ITER Engineering Design Activities -R & DITER-In-Vessel Remote Handling

ITER Engineering Design Activities - R & DITER- In-Vessel Remote Handling Blanket Module Remote Handling Project (L-6) Divertor Remote Handling Project (L-7) Objective To develop and demonstrate handling equipment, port handling equipment, auxiliary remote handling tools and a blanket mockup structure

433

Weight optimisation for iterative distributed model predictive control applied to power networks

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a weight tuning technique for iterative distributed Model Predictive Control (MPC). Particle Swarm Optimisation (PSO) is used to optimise both the weights associated with disturbance rejection and those associated with achieving consensus ... Keywords: Distributed model predictive control, Multi-agent, Particle swarm optimisation, Power networks, Smart grids, Weight tuning

Paul Mc Namara; Rudy R. Negenborn; Bart De Schutter; Gordon Lightbody

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

TF Ripple Loss of Alpha Particles from the ITER Interim Design: Simulation and Theory

and potentially severe localized wall damage in fusion reactors. In this paper we show guiding center code (GC, substantial ad hoc normalization factors were required. This is understandable, since the loss criterion used 12, 1995, ITER JCT, San Diego, CA (private com- munication, S. Putvinski). 2: R. B. White, et al

435

THE STRUCTURE OF TWO-PARABOLIC SPACE: PARABOLIC DUST AND ITERATION.

THE STRUCTURE OF TWO-PARABOLIC SPACE: PARABOLIC DUST AND ITERATION. JANE GILMAN Abstract. A non-elementary MÂ¨obius group generated by two- parabolics is determined up to conjugation by one complex para] to obtain an additional struc- ture for the parameter space, which we term the two-parabolic space

Gilman, Jane

436

Bandwidth Allocation for Iterative Data-Dependent E-science Applications

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We develop a novel framework for supporting e-Science applications that require streaming of information between sites. Using a Synchronous Dataflow (SDF) model, our framework incorporates the communication times inherent in large scale distributed applications, ... Keywords: Bandwidth allocation, Throughput, Iterative datadependent, E-Science

Eun-Sung Jung; Sanjay Ranka; Sartaj Sahni

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Principal component analysis of binary data by iterated singular value decomposition

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The maximum-likelihood estimates of a principal component analysis on the logit or probit scale are computed using majorization algorithms that iterate a sequence of weighted or unweighted singular value decompositions. The relation with similar methods ... Keywords: Applications to social sciences, Binary data, Factor analysis, Item response models, Multivariate analysis

Jan de Leeuw

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Is the Standard Monte Carlo Power Iteration Approach the Wrong Approach? Part 2

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The recent work 'Is the Standard Monte Carlo Power Iteration Approach the Wrong Approach?' speculated that the second eigenfunction could be built using essentially the same 'building brick' approach that obtained the first eigenfunction in LA-UR-12-21928. This note shows that the speculation was at least partially correct, but not complete.

Booth, Thomas E. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

439

The Iterative Unitary Matrix Multiply Method and Its Application to Quantum Kicked Rotator

We use the iterative unitary matrix multiply method to calculate the long time behavior of the resonant quantum kicked rotator with a large denominator. The delocalization time is exponentially large. The quantum wave delocalizes through degenerate states. At last we construct a nonresonant quantum kicked rotator with delocalization.

Tao Ma

2007-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

440

ccsd-00002019,version1-18Oct2004 Stabilization of Burn Conditions in an ITER FEAT

,i 92.8 MW ; (6) these limits contain the required values for steady state operation for the range reactions together with an external RF electron and ion heating, with a small contribution of joule heating will constitute the operating point for the ITER-FEAT like tokamak reactor used in this work.[5,6] Here, we

Paris-Sud XI, UniversitÃ© de

While these samples are representative of the content of NLE

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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLE

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441

The Linear Stability Properties of Medium- to High- n TAEs in ITER

This document provides a detailed report on the successful completion of the DOE OFES Theory Milestone for FY2007: Improve the simulation resolution of linear stability properties of Toroidal Alfvén Eigenmodes (TAE) driven by energetic particles and neutral beams in ITER by increasing the numbers of toroidal modes used to 15.

Gorelenkov, N N; Budny, R V; Kessel, C E; Kramer, G J; McCune, D; Manickam, J; Nazikian, R

2008-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

442

HEART SEGMENTATION WITH AN ITERATIVE CHAN-VESE OLIVIER ROUSSEAU, YVES BOURGAULT

HEART SEGMENTATION WITH AN ITERATIVE CHAN-VESE ALGORITHM OLIVIER ROUSSEAU, YVES BOURGAULT Abstract. This paper presents 2D and 3D applications of the Chan-Vese model to heart and trachea segmentation. We is to segment the heart muscle from high resolution CT scans of the thorax and to produce meshes

Paris-Sud XI, UniversitÃ© de

443

Fusion Engineering and Design 81 (2006) 393405 Breeding Blanket Modules testing in ITER

to be assessed. TBM replacement occurs in the ITER hot cell, where the whole TBMs/shield plug system is remotely HCCB TBM). 6. Remote handling, maintenance, and safety considerations The general assumed rule. A view of a possible port cell volume occupation is shown in Fig. 14. Either the addition of a hot cell

Abdou, Mohamed

444

of the PFCs is performed ex-vessel in a hot cell, where it is anticipated the refurbishment of 60 cassettes, November 1997. [19] E. Martin, et al., Design of the ITER Divertor Remote Handling System; 19th SOFT, tritium inventory, impurity control, armour lifetime, electromagnetic loads, diagnostics, and remote

Raffray, A. RenÃ©

445

Chevron Energy Solutions Company ESCO Qualification Sheet

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Chevron Energy Solutions Company, Chevron Energy Solutions Company, a Division of Chevron U.S.A. Inc. ESCO Qualification Sheet DOE Super ESPC Introduction to Chevron Energy Solutions Chevron is a $165 billion U.S. Fortune 3 company employing more than 64,000 professionals in 180 countries. With a Standard and Poor's AA investment-grade credit rating, it is the second-largest U.S.-based energy company and the fourth largest publicly-traded integrated energy company in the world, based on market capitalization. Established in 2000, Chevron ES is one of the most reputable and successful energy services companies in the market, having completed nearly $2 billion in performance contracts with a current annual guaranteed savings portfolio of nearly $317 million. Chevron ES offers customized, comprehensive products and services that help

446

Enisolar Energy Solutions | Open Energy Information

Enisolar Energy Solutions Enisolar Energy Solutions Jump to: navigation, search Name Enisolar Energy Solutions Place Istanbul, Turkey Sector Wind energy Product Turkey-based wind, PV, and hybrid system integrator; also provides consultancy. Coordinates 41.040855Â°, 28.986183Â° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.040855,"lon":28.986183,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

447

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: Combining x-ray fluoroscopy and MR imaging systems for guidance of interventional procedures has become more commonplace. By designing an x-ray tube that is immune to the magnetic fields outside of the MR bore, the two systems can be placed in close proximity to each other. A major obstacle to robust x-ray tube design is correcting for the effects of the magnetic fields on the x-ray tube focal spot. A potential solution is to design active shielding that locally cancels the magnetic fields near the focal spot. Methods: An iterative optimization algorithm is implemented to design resistive active shielding coils that will be placed outside the x-ray tube insert. The optimization procedure attempts to minimize the power consumption of the shielding coils while satisfying magnetic field homogeneity constraints. The algorithm is composed of a linear programming step and a nonlinear programming step that are interleaved with each other. The coil results are verified using a finite element space charge simulation of the electron beam inside the x-ray tube. To alleviate heating concerns an optimized coil solution is derived that includes a neodymium permanent magnet. Any demagnetization of the permanent magnet is calculated prior to solving for the optimized coils. The temperature dynamics of the coil solutions are calculated using a lumped parameter model, which is used to estimate operation times of the coils before temperature failure. Results: For a magnetic field strength of 88 mT, the algorithm solves for coils that consume 588 A/cm{sup 2}. This specific coil geometry can operate for 15 min continuously before reaching temperature failure. By including a neodymium magnet in the design the current density drops to 337 A/cm{sup 2}, which increases the operation time to 59 min. Space charge simulations verify that the coil designs are effective, but for oblique x-ray tube geometries there is still distortion of the focal spot shape along with deflections of approximately 3 mm in the radial and circumferential directions on the anode. Conclusions: Active shielding is an attractive solution for correcting the effects of magnetic fields on the x-ray focal spot. If extremely long fluoroscopic exposure times are required, longer operation times can be achieved by including a permanent magnet with the active shielding design.

Lillaney, Prasheel; Shin, Mihye; Conolly, Steven M.; Fahrig, Rebecca [Department of Radiology, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 (United States) and Department of Bioengineering, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 (United States); Department of Radiology, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 (United States) and Department of Mechanical Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 (United States); Department of Bioengineering, University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States) and Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences, University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Department of Radiology, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 (United States)

2012-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

448

Temporal Integrators for Fluctuating Hydrodynamics

Including the effect of thermal fluctuations in traditional computational fluid dynamics requires developing numerical techniques for solving the stochastic partial differential equations of fluctuating hydrodynamics. These Langevin equations possess a special fluctuation-dissipation structure that needs to be preserved by spatio-temporal discretizations in order for the computed solution to reproduce the correct long-time behavior. In particular, numerical solutions should approximate the Gibbs-Boltzmann equilibrium distribution, and ideally this will hold even for large time step sizes. We describe finite-volume spatial discretizations for the fluctuating Burgers and fluctuating incompressible Navier-Stokes equations that obey a discrete fluctuation-dissipation balance principle just like the continuum equations. We develop implicit-explicit predictor-corrector temporal integrators for the resulting stochastic method-of-lines discretization. These stochastic Runge-Kutta schemes treat diffusion implicitly an...

Delong, S; Vanden-Eijnden, E; Donev, A

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Dong Won Lee; Suk Kwon Kim; Young-Dug Bae; Yang Il Jung; Jeong Yong Park; Yong Hwan Jeong; Byung Yoon Kim

450

Twin-Screw Extruder Development for the ITER Pellet Injection System

The ITER pellet injection system is comprised of devices to form and accelerate pellets, and will be connected to inner wall guide tubes for fueling, and outer wall guide tubes for ELM pacing. An extruder will provide a stream of solid hydrogen isotopes to a secondary section, where pellets are cut and accelerated with a gas gun into the plasma. The ITER pellet injection system is required to provide a plasma fueling rate of 120 Pa-m3/s (900 mbar-L/s) and durations of up to 3000 s. The fueling pellets will be injected at a rate up to 10 Hz and pellets used to trigger ELMs will be injected at higher rates up to 20 Hz. A twin-screw extruder for the ITER pellet injection system is under development at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory. A one-fifth ITER scale prototype has been built and has demonstrated the production of a continuous solid deuterium extrusion. The 27 mm diameter, intermeshed, counter-rotating extruder screws are rotated at a rate up to ?5 rpm. Deuterium gas is pre-cooled and liquefied and solidified in separate extruder barrels. The precooler consists of a deuterium gas filled copper coil suspended in a separate stainless steel vessel containing liquid nitrogen. The liquefier is comprised of a copper barrel connected to a Cryomech AL330 cryocooler, which has a machined helical groove surrounded by a copper jacket, through which the pre-cooled deuterium condenses. The lower extruder barrel is connected to a Cryomech GB-37 cryocooler to solidify the deuterium (at ?15 K) before it is forced through the extruder die. The die forms the extrusion to a 3 mm x 4 mm rectangular cross section. Design improvements have been made to improve the pre-cooler and liquefier heat exchangers, to limit the loss of extrusion through gaps in the screws. This paper will describe the design improvements for the next iteration of the extruder prototype.

Meitner, Steven J [ORNL; Baylor, Larry R [ORNL; Combs, Stephen Kirk [ORNL; Fehling, Dan T [ORNL; McGill, James M [ORNL; Rasmussen, David A [ORNL; Leachman, J. W. [University of Wisconsin, Madison

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Testing and modeling of diffusion bonded prototype optical windows under ITER conditions

Glass-metal joints are a part of ITER optical diagnostics windows. These joints must be leak tight for the safety (presence of tritium in ITER) and to preserve the vacuum. They must also withstand the ITER environment: temperatures up to 220 deg.C and fast neutron fluxes of {approx}3.10{sup 9} n/cm{sup 2}.s. At the moment, little information is available about glass-metal joints suitable for ITER. Therefore, we performed mechanical and thermal tests on some prototypes of an aluminium diffusion bonded optical window. Finite element modeling with Abaqus code was used to understand the experimental results. The prototypes were helium leaking probably due to very tiny cracks in the interaction layer between the steel and the aluminium. However, they were all able to withstand a thermal cycling test up to 200 deg. C; no damage could be seen after the tests by visual inspection. The prototypes successfully passed push-out test with a 500 N load. During the destructive push-out tests the prototypes broke at a 6-12 kN load between the aluminium layer and the steel or the glass, depending on the surface quality of the glass. The microanalysis of the joints has also been performed. The finite element modeling of the push-out tests is in a reasonable agreement with the experiments. According to the model, the highest thermal stress is created in the aluminium layer. Thus, the aluminium joint seems to be the weakest part of the prototypes. If this layer is improved, it will probably make the prototype helium leak tight and as such, a good ITER window candidate. (authors)

Jacobs, M. [Flemish Inst. for Technological Research, Mol (Belgium); Van Oost, G. [Dept. of Applied Physics, Ghent Univ., Ghent (Belgium); Degrieck, J.; De Baere, I. [Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering, Ghent Univ., Ghent (Belgium); Gusarov, A. [Belgian Nuclear Research Center, Mol (Belgium); Gubbels, F. [TNO, Eindhoven (Netherlands); Massaut, V. [Belgian Nuclear Research Center, Mol (Belgium)

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

A non-iterative receiver is proposed to achieve near capacity performance on intersymbol interference (ISI) channels. There are two main ingredients in the proposed design. i) The use of a novel BCJR-DFE equalizer which produces optimal soft estimates of the inputs to the ISI channel given all the observations from the channel and L past symbols exactly, where L is the memory of the ISI channel. ii) The use of an encoder structure that ensures that L past symbols can be used in the DFE in an error free manner through the use of a capacity achieving code for a memoryless channel. Computational complexity of the proposed receiver structure is less than that of one iteration of the turbo receiver. We also provide the proof showing that the proposed receiver achieves the i.i.d. capacity of any constrained input ISI channel. This DFE-based receiver has several advantages over an iterative (turbo) receiver, such as low complexity, the fact that codes that are optimized for memoryless channels can be used with channels with memory, and finally that the channel does not need to be known at the transmitter. The proposed coding scheme is universal in the sense that a single code of rate r; optimized for a memoryless channel, provides small error probability uniformly across all AWGN-ISI channels of i.i.d. capacity less than r: This general principle of a proposed non-iterative receiver also applies to other signal processing functions, such as timing recovery, pattern-dependent noise whiten ing, joint demodulation and decoding etc. This makes the proposed encoder and receiver structure a viable alternative to iterative signal processing. The results show significant complexity reduction and performance gain for the case of timing recovery and patter-dependent noise whitening for magnetic recording channels.

Nangare, Nitin Ashok

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Iterative acceleration methods for Monte Carlo and deterministic criticality calculations

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

If you have ever given up on a nuclear criticality calculation and terminated it because it took so long to converge, you might find this thesis of interest. The author develops three methods for improving the fission source convergence in nuclear criticality calculations for physical systems with high dominance ratios for which convergence is slow. The Fission Matrix Acceleration Method and the Fission Diffusion Synthetic Acceleration (FDSA) Method are acceleration methods that speed fission source convergence for both Monte Carlo and deterministic methods. The third method is a hybrid Monte Carlo method that also converges for difficult problems where the unaccelerated Monte Carlo method fails. The author tested the feasibility of all three methods in a test bed consisting of idealized problems. He has successfully accelerated fission source convergence in both deterministic and Monte Carlo criticality calculations. By filtering statistical noise, he has incorporated deterministic attributes into the Monte Carlo calculations in order to speed their source convergence. He has used both the fission matrix and a diffusion approximation to perform unbiased accelerations. The Fission Matrix Acceleration method has been implemented in the production code MCNP and successfully applied to a real problem. When the unaccelerated calculations are unable to converge to the correct solution, they cannot be accelerated in an unbiased fashion. A Hybrid Monte Carlo method weds Monte Carlo and a modified diffusion calculation to overcome these deficiencies. The Hybrid method additionally possesses reduced statistical errors.

Urbatsch, T.J.

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

NEMS integrating module documentation report

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) is a computer modeling system that produces a general equilibrium solution for energy supply and demand in the US energy markets. The model achieves a supply and demand balance in the end-use demand regions, defined as the nine Census Divisions, by solving for the prices of each energy type such that the quantities producers are willing to supply equal the quantities consumers wish to consume. The system reflects market economics, industry structure, and energy policies and regulations that influence market behavior. The NEMS Integrating Module is the central integrating component of a complex modeling system. As such, a thorough understanding of its role in the modeling process can only be achieved by placing it in the proper context with respect to the other modules. To that end, this document provides an overview of the complete NEMS model, and includes brief descriptions of the modules with which the Integrating Module interacts. The emphasis and focus, however, is on the structure and function of the Integrating Module of NEMS.

Not Available

1993-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

455

Extended Electrodynamics: III. Free Photons and (3+1)-Soliton- like Vacuum Solutions

This paper aims to give explicitly all non-linear vacuum solutions to our non-linear field equations, and to define in a coordinate free manner the important subclass of non-linear solutions, which we call almost photon-like. By means of a correct introduction of the local and integral intrinsic angular momentums of these solutions, we saparate the photon-like solutions through the requirement their integral intrinsic angular momentums to be equal to the Planck's constant. Finally, we consider such solutions, moving radially to or from a given center, using standard spherical coordinates.

S. Donev; M. Tashkova

1997-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

456

A Preliminary Analysis of Dose Rates Associated with ITER CVCS Equipment/Area Location

A preliminary analysis of the ITER Chemical and Volume Control System (CVCS) Area was performed to assess dose rates outside the walls and ceiling of the facility after 1.5 years of operation at shutdown, 2 days, and 10 days after shutdown. For this purpose a simplified Monte Carlo computer model was developed using the MCNP (MCNP5 Ver. 1.51) code. Two components are included: the smaller filter tank and the larger ion exchanger. These pieces of equipment are associated with the Integrated Blanket ELM Divertor Primary Heat Transfer System, which will have the largest dose rates associated with activated corrosion products during operation in comparison with other systems. The ion exchanger contained two source regions, a 1.2-m-thick resin bed above a 0.55 m-thick skirt, and a 0.8-m-thick water region. The filter constituted an additional source. Thus the model consisted of three sources (filter, resin, water), homogeneously distributed within the appropriate source regions. However, much of the results (that address individual isotopes) are presented with the two sources in the ion exchanger combined. In these cases the sources are referred to as the 'ion exchanger source' and the 'filter source.' Dimensions for the facility and components, as well as source isotopes and strengths, and material densities, were supplied by US ITER. Because of its simplification, the model does not contain pipes. Consequently, radiation streaming through pipe penetrations, radiation emanating from the pipes, and shielding from the pipes were not considered in this analysis. Dose rates on the outside of two walls and the ceiling were calculated. The two walls are labeled as the 'long' wall (aligned with the X-axis) and the 'short' wall (aligned with the Y-axis). These walls and ceiling were nominally set to 30-cm-thick concrete. In the original analysis, standard concrete (2.3 g/cc density) was used. In addition to the shielding walls/ceiling, a floor and an additional wall opposite the long wall were added for photon scattering contributions. These were both 10-cm-thick, standard concrete structures. Other components (tanks, pipes, etc.), that were not included in the model, would potentially add additional scattering and shielding. Possibly these additional effects will be addressed in a later, more detailed analysis. The room was 29.6 m in length (X-axis), but was limited to 15 m in the model. The inside width (Y axis) and height (Z axis) were 4 m and 3.4 m, respectively. The origin for the model was located inside the room at the corner opposite the long wall and adjacent to the short wall at the floor level. The room was filled with air at standard temperature and pressure. The stainless steel (SS304) wall thicknesses for the ion exchanger and filter were 2.2 cm and 0.8 cm, respectively. The axial center of the filter was located 140 cm from the short wall and 100 cm from the long wall (outer surface). The axial center of the ion exchanger was located 440 cm from the short wall and 250 cm from the long wall (inner surface). The resin was assumed to be a homogeneous mixture of equal atom density fractions of hydrogen and carbon* at a specified density of 1.136 g/cc. The filter material was assumed to be homogeneous carbon at a specified density of 1.8 g/cc. If the filter media were stainless steel and the accumulated activity were the same, the dose rate outside the filter would be lower, provided the density of the stainless steel sintered filter material is significantly higher than 1.8g/cc. The densities of the water and air were assumed to be 1.0 g/cc and 1.096E-3 g/cc, respectively. The model included 10 small volumes placed outside the model adjacent to the wall at locations where the dose rates were expected to be highest and which showed to a degree the fall-off of the dose rate with distance along a particular wall or ceiling. These 'tally cells' are shown in Fig. 2 and are described in Table 1. Each cell had dimensions of 50 cm x 50 cm x 1 cm and was oriented so that the 1-cm-thick dimension was perpendicular to the wall again

Blakeman, Edward D [ORNL; Ilas, Dan [ORNL; Petrov, Andrei Y [ORNL

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Wind Integration Study Methods (Presentation)

This presentation provides an overview of common elements, differences, integration costs, and errors in integration analysis.

Milligan, M.; Kirby, B.

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Decontamination solution development studies

This study was conducted for the Westinghouse Hanford Company (WHC) by Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) as part of the Hanford Grout Technology Program (HGTP). The objective of this study was to identify decontamination solutions capable of removing radioactive contaminants and grout from the Grout Treatment Facility (GTF) process equipment and to determine the impact of these solutions on equipment components and disposal options. The reference grout used in this study was prepared with simulated double-shell slurry feed (DSSF) and a dry blend consisting of 40 wt % limestone flour, 28 wt % blast furnace slag, 28 wt % fly ash, and 4 wt % type I/II Portland cement.

Allen, R.P.; Fetrow, L.K.; Kjarmo, H.E.; Pool, K.H.

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Systems Integration Systems Integration Ben Kroposki, PhD, PE Director, Energy Systems Integration National Renewable Energy Laboratory 2 Reducing investment risk and optimizing systems in a rapidly changing energy world * Increasing penetration of variable RE in grid * Increasing ultra high energy efficiency buildings and controllable loads * New data, information, communications and controls * Electrification of transportation and alternative fuels * Integrating energy storage (stationary and mobile) and thermal storage * Interactions between electricity/thermal/fuels/data pathways * Increasing system flexibility and intelligence Current Energy Systems Future Energy Systems Why Energy Systems Integration? 3 Energy Systems Integration Continuum Scale Appliance (Plug)

460

Solidification Structures of Solid Solutions

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Figure: ...Fig. 16 Binary phase diagrams. L, L 1 , and L 2 are liquid solutions. Î± and Î² are solid solutions. (a) Complete

While these samples are representative of the content of NLE

they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.

We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLE

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461

Cryogenic Viscous Compressor Development and Modeling for the ITER Vacuum System

The ITER vacuum system requires a roughing pump system that can pump the exhaust gas from the torus cryopumps to the tritium exhaust processing plant. The gas will have a high tritium content and therefore conventional vacuum pumps are not suitable. A pump called a cryogenic viscous compressor (CVC) is being designed for the roughing system to pump from ~500 Pa to 10 Pa at flow rates of 200 Pa-m3/ s. A unique feature of this pump is that is allows any helium in the gas to flow through the pump where it is sent to the detritiation system before exhausting to atmosphere. A small scale prototype of the CVC is being tested for heat transfer characteristics and compared to modeling results to ensure reliable operation of the full scale CVC. Keywords- ITER; vacuum; fuel cycle

Baylor, Larry R [ORNL; Meitner, Steven J [ORNL; Barbier, Charlotte N [ORNL; Combs, Stephen Kirk [ORNL; Duckworth, Robert C [ORNL; Edgemon, Timothy D [ORNL; Rasmussen, David A [ORNL; Hechler, Michael P [ORNL; Kersevan, R. [ITER Organization, Cadarache, France; Dremel, M. [General Atomics, San Diego; Pearce, R.J.H. [General Atomics, San Diego; Boissin, Jean Claude [Consultant

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new concept of lower hybrid antenna for current drive has been proposed for ITER [Bibet et al, Nuclear Fusion 1995]: the Passive Active Multijunction (PAM) antenna that relies on a periodic combination of active and passive waveguides. An actively cooled PAM antenna at 3.7 GHz has been recently installed on the tokamak Tore Supra. The paper summarizes the comprehensive experimental characterization of the linear coupling properties of the PAM antenna to the Tore Supra plasmas. These experimental results are systematically compared with the linear wave coupling theory via the linear ALOHA code. Good agreement between experimental results and ALOHA have been obtained. The detailed validation of the coupling modelling is an important step toward the validation of the PAM concept in view of further optimizing the electromagnetic properties of the future ITER antenna.

Preynas, M.; Ekedahl, A.; Fedorczak, N.; Goniche, M.; Guilhem, D.; Gunn, J. P.; Hillairet, J.; Litaudon, X. [CEA, IRFM, 13108 Saint Paul lez Durance (France); Associacao Euratom-IST, Centro de Fusao Nuclear 1049-001 Lisboa (Portugal)

2011-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

463

In this report we present the results of an experimental/analytical study designed to determine the quantity of hydrogen generated during a coolant inleakage accident in ITER. This hydrogen could represent a potential explosive hazard, provided the proper conditions exist, causing machine damage and release of radioactive material. We have measured graphite/steam reaction rates for several graphites and carbon-based composites at temperatures between 1000 C and 1700 C. The effects of steam flow rate, and partial pressure were also examined. The measured reaction rates correlated well with two Arrhenius type relationships. We have used the relationships for GraphNOL N3M in a thermal model to determine that for ITER the quantity of hydrogen produced would range between 5 and 35 kg, depending upon how the graphite tiles are attached to the first wall. While 5 kg is not a significant concern, 35 kg presents an explosive hazard. 20 refs., 14 figs., 1 tab.

Smolik, G.R.; Merrill, B.J.; Piet, S.J.; Holland, D.F.

1990-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

The iterative diagonalization of a sequence of large ill-conditioned generalized eigenvalue problems is a computational bottleneck in quantum mechanical methods employing a nonorthogonal basis for {\\em ab initio} electronic structure calculations. We propose a hybrid preconditioning scheme to effectively combine global and locally accelerated preconditioners for rapid iterative diagonalization of such eigenvalue problems. In partition-of-unity finite-element (PUFE) pseudopotential density-functional calculations, employing a nonorthogonal basis, we show that the hybrid preconditioned block steepest descent method is a cost-effective eigensolver, outperforming current state-of-the-art global preconditioning schemes, and comparably efficient for the ill-conditioned generalized eigenvalue problems produced by PUFE as the locally optimal block preconditioned conjugate-gradient method for the well-conditioned standard eigenvalue problems produced by planewave methods.

Cai, Yunfeng; Pask, John E; Sukumar, N

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Assessment of database for interaction of tritium with ITER plasma facing materials

The present work surveys recent literature on hydrogen isotope interactions with Be, SS and Inconels, Cu, C, and V, and alloys of Cu and V. The goals are (1) to provide input to the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) team to help with tritium source term estimates for the Early Safety and Environmental Characterization Study and (2) to provide guidance for planning additional research that will be needed to fill gaps in the present materials database. Properties of diffusivity, solubility, permeability, chemical reactions, Soret effect, recombination coefficient, surface effects, trapping, porosity, layered structures, interfaces, and oxides are considered. Various materials data are tabulated, and a matrix display shows an assessment of the quality of the data available for each main property of each material. Recommendations are made for interim values of diffusivity and solubility to be used, pending further discussion by the ITER community.

Dolan, T.J.; Anderl, R.A.

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Design and Overview of 100 kV Bushing for the DNB Injector of ITER

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The 100 kV bushing is one of the most important and technologically challenging Safety Important Class (SIC) components of the Diagnostic Neutral Beam (DNB) injector of ITER. It forms interface between gas insulated electrical transmission line and torus primary vacuum and acts as a vacuum feedthrough of ITER. Design optimization has been carried out to meet the electric and structural requirements based on its classification. Unlike HNB bushing, single stage bushing is designed to provide 100 kV isolation. Finite Element Analysis (FEA) based optimization has been carried out for electrostatic and structural analysis. Manufacturing assembly sequence is studied and presented in this paper. However validation of the same is foreseen from manufacturer.

Shah, Sejal; Bandyopadhyay, M.; Rotti, C.; Singh, M. J.; Roopesh, G.; Chakraborty, A. K. [ITER-India, Institute for Plasma Research, Gandhinagar-382025, Gujarat (India); Rajesh, S. [ITER-India, Institute for Plasma Research, Gandhinagar-382025, Gujarat (India); Microelectronics and Materials Physics Labs, P.O.Box 4500, FIN-90014 University of Oulu (Finland); Nishad, S.; Srusti, B. [DesignTech Systems Ltd, Banjara Hills, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh-500034 (India); Schunke, B.; Hemsworth, R.; Chareyre, J.; Svensson, L. [ITER Organisation, Route de Vinon, CS 90 046, 13067 St. Paul lez Durance Cedex (France)

2011-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

467

Review of the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) detailed design report

Dr. Martha Krebs, Director, Office of Energy Research at the US Department of Energy (DOE), wrote to the Fusion Energy Sciences Advisory Committee (FESAC), in letters dated September 23 and November 6, 1996, requesting that FESAC review the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) Detailed Design Report (DDR) and provide its view of the adequacy of the DDR as part of the basis for the United States decision to enter negotiations with the other interested Parties regarding the terms and conditions for an agreement for the construction, operations, exploitation and decommissioning of ITER. The letter from Dr. Krebs, referred to as the Charge Letter, provided context for the review and a set of questions of specific interest.

1997-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

468

BAKTRAK: Backtracking drifting objects using an iterative algorithm with a forward trajectory model

The task of determining the origin of a drifting object after it has been located is highly complex due to the uncertainties in drift properties and environmental forcing (wind, waves and surface currents). Usually the origin is inferred by running a trajectory model (stochastic or deterministic) in reverse. However, this approach has some severe drawbacks, most notably the fact that many drifting objects go through nonlinear state changes underway (e.g., evaporating oil or a capsizing lifeboat). This makes it difficult to naively construct a reverse-time trajectory model which realistically predicts the earliest possible time the object may have started drifting. We propose instead a different approach where the original (forward) trajectory model is kept unaltered while an iterative seeding and selection process allows us to retain only those particles that end up within a certain time-space radius of the observation. An iterative refinement process named BAKTRAK is employed where those trajectories that do...

Breivik, Øyvind; Ommundsen, Atle; Wettre, Cecilie

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

In-Vessel Coil Material Failure Rate Estimates for ITER Design Use

The ITER international project design teams are working to produce an engineering design for construction of this large tokamak fusion experiment. One of the design issues is ensuring proper control of the fusion plasma. In-vessel magnet coils may be needed for plasma control, especially the control of edge localized modes (ELMs) and plasma vertical stabilization (VS). These coils will be lifetime components that reside inside the ITER vacuum vessel behind the blanket modules. As such, their reliability is an important design issue since access will be time consuming if any type of repair were necessary. The following chapters give the research results and estimates of failure rates for the coil conductor and jacket materials to be used for the in-vessel coils. Copper and CuCrZr conductors, and stainless steel and Inconel jackets are examined.

L. C. Cadwallader

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Offshore Renewable Energy Solutions

and sustainable energy supply. The UK is uniquely placed to harness its natural resources Â wind, wave and tidalOffshore Renewable Energy Solutions #12;Cefas: meeting complex requirements The Centre science centre, Cefas provides a bridge between government and industry. We have unprecedented links

471

Arbitrary accuracy iterative phase estimation algorithm as a two qubit benchmark

We discuss the implementation of an iterative quantum phase estimation algorithm, with a single ancillary qubit. We suggest using this algorithm as a benchmark for multi-qubit implementations. Furthermore we describe in detail the smallest possible realization, using only two qubits, and exemplify with a superconducting circuit. We discuss the robustness of the algorithm in the presence of gate errors, and show that 7 bits of precision is obtainable, even with very limited gate accuracies.

M. Dobsicek; G. Johansson; V. S. Shumeiko; G. Wendin

2006-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

472

Atomic data for the ITER Core Imaging X-ray Spectrometer

The parameters of the ITER core plasmas will be measured using the Core Imaging X-ray Spectrometer (CIXS), a high-resolution crystal spectrometer focusing on the L-shell spectra of highly ionized tungsten atoms. In order to correctly infer the plasma properties accurate atomic data are required. Here, some aspects of the underlying physics are discussed using experimental data and theoretical predictions from modeling.

Clementson, J; Beiersdorfer, P; Biedermann, C; Bitter, M; Delgado-Aparicio, L F; Graf, A; Gu, M F; Hill, K W; Barnsley, R

2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

473

Global convergence of diluted iterations in maximum-likelihood quantum tomography

In this paper we present an inexact stepsize selection for the Diluted R\\rho R algorithm, used to obtain the maximum likelihood estimate to the density matrix in quantum state tomography. We give a new interpretation for the diluted R\\rho R iterations that allows us to prove the global convergence under weaker assumptions. Thus, we propose a new algorithm which is globally convergent and suitable for practical implementation.

D. S. Gonçalves; M. A. Gomes-Ruggiero; C. Lavor

2013-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

474

Development of a YAG laser system for the edge Thomson scattering system in ITER

A prototype YAG laser system for the edge Thomson scattering system in ITER has been newly developed. Performance of the laser amplifier was improved by using flow tubes made of samarium-doped glass; the small signal gain reached 20 at its maximum. As a result, an output energy of 7.66 J at 100 Hz was successfully achieved, and the performance exceeded the target performance (5 J, 100 Hz).

Hatae, T.; Yatsuka, E.; Hayashi, T.; Ono, T.; Kusama, Y. [Fusion Research and Development Directorate, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Ibaraki 311-0193 (Japan); Yoshida, H. [Institute of Laser Engineering, Osaka University, Osaka 565-0871 (Japan)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

475

Iterative conformal mapping approach to diffusion-limited aggregation with surface tension effect

We present a simple method for incorporating the surface tension effect into an iterative conformal mapping model of two-dimensional diffusion-limited aggregation. A curvature-dependent growth probability is introduced and the curvature is given by utilizing the branch points of a conformal map. The resulting cluster exhibits a crossover from compact to fractal growth. In the fractal growth regime, it is confirmed, by the conformal map technique, that the fractal dimension of its area and perimeter length coincide.

Hiroshi Miki; Haruo Honjo

2013-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

476

An iterative method for single and vertically stacked semiconductor quantum dots simulation

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present in this paper a computational effective nonlinear iterative method for calculating the electron energy spectra in single and vertically stacked InAs/GaAs semiconductor quantum dots. The physical model problem is formulated with the effective ... Keywords: Coupling effect, Electronic structure, Energy spectra, Modelling and simulation, Multishift QR method, Nonlinear eigenvalue problem, Semiconductor nanostructure, Single quantum dot, Vertically stacked quantum dot, Wave function

Yiming Li

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Control of non-controllable quantum systems: A quantum control algorithm based on Grover iteration

A new notion of controllability, eigenstate controllability, is defined for finite-dimensional bilinear quantum mechanical systems which are neither strongly completely controllably nor completely controllable. And a quantum control algorithm based on Grover iteration is designed to perform a quantum control task of steering a system, which is eigenstate controllable but may not be (strongly) completely controllable, from an arbitrary state to a target state.

Chen-Bin Zhang; Dao-Yi Dong; Zong-Hai Chen

2005-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

478

A method and system for solving the inverse acoustic scattering problem using an iterative approach with consideration of half-off-shell transition matrix elements (near-field) information, where the Volterra inverse series correctly predicts the first two moments of the interaction, while the Fredholm inverse series is correct only for the first moment and that the Volterra approach provides a method for exactly obtaining interactions which can be written as a sum of delta functions.

Kouri, Donald J. (Houston, TX); Vijay, Amrendra (Houston, TX); Zhang, Haiyan (Houston, TX); Zhang, Jingfeng (Houston, TX); Hoffman, David K. (Ames, IA)

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

U.S. Energy Infrastructure Investment: Large-Scale Integrated Smart Grid

U.S. Energy Infrastructure Investment: Large-Scale Integrated Smart Grid Solutions with High: LargeScale Integrated Smart Grid Solutions with High Penetration of Renewable Resources, Dispersed- ing electricity grid. Much attention is being given to smart grid development in the U.S. and around

480

Functionalized Polymers For Binding To Solutes In Aqueous Solutions

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Functionalized Polymers For Binding To Solutes In Aqueous Solutions Functionalized Polymers For Binding To Solutes In Aqueous Solutions Functionalized Polymers For Binding To Solutes In Aqueous Solutions A functionalized polymer for binding a dissolved molecule in an aqueous solution is presented. Available for thumbnail of Feynman Center (505) 665-9090 Email Functionalized Polymers For Binding To Solutes In Aqueous Solutions A functionalized polymer for binding a dissolved molecule in an aqueous solution is presented. The polymer has a backbone polymer to which one or more functional groups are covalently linked. The backbone polymer can be such polymers as polyethylenimine, polyvinylamine, polyallylamine, and polypropylamine. These polymers are generally water-soluble, but can be insoluble when cross-linked. The functional group can be for example diol

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481

Photonic circuits for iterative decoding of a class of low-density parity-check codes

Photonic circuits in which stateful components are coupled via guided electromagnetic fields are natural candidates for native implementation of iterative stochastic algorithms based on propagation of information around a graph. Conversely, such message passing algorithms suggest novel circuit architectures for signal processing and computation that are well matched to nanophotonic device physics. Here we construct and analyze a quantum optical model of a photonic circuit for iterative decoding of a class of low-density parity-check (LDPC) codes called expander codes. Our circuit can be understood as an open quantum system whose autonomous dynamics map straightforwardly onto the subroutines of an LDPC decoding scheme, with several attractive features: it can operate in the ultra-low power regime of photonics in which quantum fluctuations become significant, is robust to noise and component imperfections, achieves comparable performance to known iterative algorithms for this class of codes, and provides an instructive example of how nanophotonic cavity quantum electrodynamic components can enable useful new information technology even if the solid-state qubits on which they are based are heavily dephased and cannot support large-scale entanglement.

Dmitri S. Pavlichin; Hideo Mabuchi

2013-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

482

One of the design targets for the Tokamak Exhaust Processing (TEP) system of ITER is not to lose more than 10{sup -5}gh{sup -1} into the Normal Vent Detritiation system of the Tritium Plant. The plasma exhaust gas therefore needs to be processed in a way that a tritium removal efficiency of about 10{sup 8} with respect to the flow rate is achieved. Expressed in terms of tritium concentrations this corresponds to a decontamination from about 130 gm{sup -3} down to about 10{sup -4} gm{sup -3} (about 1 Cim{sup -3} = 3.7*10{sup 10} Bqm{sup -3}). The three step reference process for the TEP system of ITER is called CAPER and has been developed and realized at the Tritium Laboratory Karlsruhe (TLK). After the successful commissioning of the PERMCAT reactor as the key component of the third step detailed parametric tritium testing of the 3 steps involving the processing of more than 300 g tritium has been carried out and decontamination factors beyond the design requirements have been demonstrated for each process step and for the process as a whole. Not only the decontamination factor of 10{sup 8} as required by ITER, but also the operational mode of TEP as a waste dump for gases from diverse sources has been experimentally validated with the CAPER facility.

Bornschein, B.; Glugla, M.; Guenther, K.; Le, T.L.; Simon, K.H.; Welte, S. [Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe (Germany)

2005-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

483

Lessons learnt from ITER safety & licensing for DEMO and future nuclear fusion facilities

One of the strong motivations for pursuing the development of fusion energy is its potentially low environmental impact and very good safety performance. But this safety and environmental potential can only be fully realized by careful design choices. For DEMO and other fusion facilities that will require nuclear licensing, S&E objectives and criteria should be set at an early stage and taken into account when choosing basic design options and throughout the design process. Studies in recent decades of the safety of fusion power plant concepts give a useful basis on which to build the S&E approach and to assess the impact of design choices. The experience of licensing ITER is of particular value, even though there are some important differences between ITER and DEMO. The ITER project has developed a safety case, produced a preliminary safety report and had it examined by the French nuclear safety authorities, leading to the licence to construct the facility. The key technical issues that arose during ...

Taylor, Neill

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High power, long pulse millimeter (mm) wave experiments of the RF test stand (RFTS) of Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) were performed. The system consists of a 1 MW/170 GHz gyrotron, a long and short distance transmission line (TL), and an equatorial launcher (EL) mock-up. The RFTS has an ITER-relevant configuration, i.e., consisted by a 1 MW-170 GHz gyrotron, a mm wave TL, and an EL mock-up. The TL is composed of a matching optics unit, evacuated circular corrugated waveguides, 6-miter bends, an in-line waveguide switch, and an isolation valve. The EL-mock-up is fabricated according to the current design of the ITER launcher. The Gaussian-like beam radiation with the steering capability of 20 deg. - 40 deg. from the EL mock-up was also successfully proved. The high power, long pulse power transmission test was conducted with the metallic load replaced by the EL mock-up, and the transmission of 1 MW/800 s and 0.5 MW/1000 s was successfully demonstrated with no arcing and no damages. The transmission efficiency of the TL was 96%. The results prove the feasibility of the ITER electron cyclotron heating and current drive system.

Takahashi, K.; Kajiwara, K.; Oda, Y.; Kasugai, A.; Kobayashi, N.; Sakamoto, K. [Japan Atomic Energy Agency, 801-1 Mukoyama, Naka, Ibaraki 311-0193 (Japan); Doane, J.; Olstad, R. [General Atomics, P.O. Box 85608, San Diego, California 92186-5608 (United States); Henderson, M. [ITER Organization, CS90 046, 13067 St. Paul lez Durance Cedex (France)

2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

485

Uncertainty assessment and analysis of ITER in-VV tritium inventory determination

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Tracking of tritium inventories on ITER will be essential to ensure that the safety limits established for the mobilizable tritium inventory in the vacuum vessel are not violated. Tritium will be delivered to the ITER site from outside suppliers. Staring with the tritium imports the value of tritium inventory at ITER site will be known with a certain error that will propagate in time. During plasma operation, shot by shot measurements of the tritium delivered to the Torus and recovered will allow the amount of tritium trapped in the Torus to be computed at the end of the day. A case study for different measuring techniques and several measuring points for the tritium recovered from Torus have been done. An alternative method is to measure overnight the variation in the inventory of the storage and delivery system and the associated error when this method will be employed are presented. In order to reduce the errors on the tritium trapped in-vessel, at certain time intervals a method of global tritium inventory will be performed. The method envisages the transfer of all the mobilizable tritium from the plant and measurement of this inventory in the self-assay beds from the storage and delivery system. Evaluation of the most important sources of error for the tritium trapped in-vessel and means of minimization are eventually presented. (authors)

Cristescu, I. R.; Cristescu, I.; Glugla, M. [FzK, Tritium Laboratory, POBox 3640, 76021 Karlsruhe (Germany); Murdoch, D. [EFDA CSU, MPI fuer Plasmaphysik, Garching (Germany); Ciattaglia, S. [ITER IT, CEA Cadarache, 13108 St. Paul-lez-Durance (France)

2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

486

RMP ELM Suppression in DIII-D Plasmas with ITER Similar Shapes and Collisionalities

Large Type-I edge localized modes (ELMs) are completely eliminated with small n = 3 resonant magnetic perturbations (RMP) in low average triangularity, = 0.26, plasmas and in ITER similar shaped (ISS) plasmas, = 0.53, with ITER relevant collisionalities ve 0.2. Significant differences in the RMP requirements and in the properties of the ELM suppressed plasmas are found when comparing the two triangularities. In ISS plasmas, the current required to suppress ELMs is approximately 25% higher than in low average triangularity plasmas. It is also found that the width of the resonant q95 window required for ELM suppression is smaller in ISS plasmas than in low average triangularity plasmas. An analysis of the positions and widths of resonant magnetic islands across the pedestal region, in the absence of resonant field screening or a self-consistent plasma response, indicates that differences in the shape of the q profile may explain the need for higher RMP coil currents during ELM suppression in ISS plasmas. Changes in the pedestal profiles are compared for each plasma shape as well as with changes in the injected neutral beam power and the RMP amplitude. Implications of these results are discussed in terms of requirements for optimal ELM control coil designs and for establishing the physics basis needed in order to scale this approach to future burning plasma devices such as ITER.

Evans, T.E. [General Atomics, San Diego; Fenstermacher, M. E. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL); Moyer, R.A. [University of California, San Diego; Osborne, T. H. [General Atomics; Watkins, J. G. [Sandia National Laboratories (SNL); Gohil, P. [General Atomics; Joseph, I. [University of California, San Diego; Schaffer, M. J. [General Atomics, San Diego; Baylor, Larry R [ORNL; Becoulet, M. [CEA Cadarache, St. Paul lex Durance, France; Boedo, J.A. [University of California, San Diego; Burrell, K. H. [General Atomics; DeGrassie, J. S. [General Atomics, San Diego; Finken, K. H. [Max-Planck-Institute for Plasmaphysik, EURATOM-Association, Greifswald, Germany; Jernigan, Thomas C [ORNL; Jakubowski, M. W. [Max-Planck-Institute for Plasmaphysik, EURATOM-Association, Greifswald, Germany; Lasnier, C. J. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL); Lehnen, M. [Forschungszentrum Julich, Julich, Germany; Leonard, A. W. [General Atomics; Lonnroth, J. [Association Euratom-Tekes, Finland; Nardon, E. [CEA Cadarache, St. Paul lex Durance, France; Parail, V. [EURATOM / UKAEA, UK; Schmitz, O. [Forschungszentrum Julich, Julich, Germany; Unterberg, B. [Max-Planck-Institute for Plasmaphysik, EURATOM-Association, Greifswald, Germany; West, W.P. [General Atomics, San Diego

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Identifying 802.11 traffic from passive measurements using iterative Bayesian inference

Abstract—In this paper, we propose a classification scheme that differentiates Ethernet and WLAN TCP flows based on measurements collected passively at the edge of a network. This scheme computes two quantities, the fraction of wireless TCP flows and the degree of belief that a TCP flow traverses a WLAN inside the network, using an iterative Bayesian inference algorithm that we developed. We prove that this iterative Bayesian inference algorithm converges to the unique maximum likelihood estimate (MLE) of these two quantities. Furthermore, it has the advantage that it can handle any general-classification problem given the marginal distributions of these classes. Numerical and experimental evaluations demonstrate that our classification scheme obtains accurate results. We apply this scheme to two sets of traces collected from two campus networks: one set collected from UMass in mid 2005 and the other collected from UConn in late 2010. Our technique infers that 4%–7 % and 52%–55 % of incoming TCP flows traverse an IEEE 802.11 wireless link in these two networks, respectively. Index Terms—IEEE 802.11 wireless LAN, iterative Bayesian inference, TCP ACK-pairs, wireless traffic detection.

Wei Wei; Sharad Jaiswal; Jim Kurose; Don Towsley; Kyoungwon Suh; Bing Wang

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Neutron spectroscopy as a fuel ion ratio diagnostic: Lessons from JET and prospects for ITER

The determination of the fuel ion ratio n{sub t}/n{sub d} in ITER is required at a precision of 20%, time resolution of 100 ms, spatial resolution of a/10, and over a range of 0.01

Ericsson, G.; Conroy, S.; Gatu Johnson, M.; Andersson Sunden, E.; Cecconello, M.; Eriksson, J.; Hellesen, C.; Sangaroon, S.; Weiszflog, M. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Uppsala University (EURATOM-VR Association), SE-75120 Uppsala (Sweden); Collaboration: JET EFDA Contributors

2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

489

A fast iterative model for discrete velocity calculations on triangular grids

A fast synthetic type iterative model is proposed to speed up the slow convergence of discrete velocity algorithms for solving linear kinetic equations on triangular lattices. The efficiency of the scheme is verified both theoretically by a discrete Fourier stability analysis and computationally by solving a rarefied gas flow problem. The stability analysis of the discrete kinetic equations yields the spectral radius of the typical and the proposed iterative algorithms and reveal the drastically improved performance of the latter one for any grid resolution. This is the first time that stability analysis of the full discrete kinetic equations related to rarefied gas theory is formulated, providing the detailed dependency of the iteration scheme on the discretization parameters in the phase space. The corresponding characteristics of the model deduced by solving numerically the rarefied gas flow through a duct with triangular cross section are in complete agreement with the theoretical findings. The proposed approach may open a way for fast computation of rarefied gas flows on complex geometries in the whole range of gas rarefaction including the hydrodynamic regime.

Szalmas, Lajos [Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Thessaly, Pedion Areos, Volos 38334 (Greece); Valougeorgis, Dimitris [Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Thessaly, Pedion Areos, Volos 38334 (Greece)], E-mail: diva@mie.uth.gr

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Calculations are made of the plasma spectral background, which is important for the Thomson scattering diagnostics in the ITER divertor. Theoretical grounds have been elaborated for computing the hydrogen spectral line shapes in the infrared spectral region for a divertor plasma in ITER. The shape of the P-7 Paschen line (transition n = 7 {yields} n = 3) located near the laser scattering signal has been calculated for various lines of sight in the ITER divertor. Contributions from different mechanisms of broadening the P-7 line have been examined. The spectral intensities of bremsstrahlung and photorecombination continuum have been calculated. All calculations use data on the spatial distribution of temperatures and densities of all species of plasma particles computed with the SOLPS4.3 code for basic operation regimes of the ITER divertor.

Lisitsa, V. S. [National Research Center Kurchatov Institute, Tokamak Physics Institute (Russian Federation); Mukhin, E. E. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Ioffe Physical Technical Institute (Russian Federation); Kadomtsev, M. B.; Kukushkin, A. B. [National Research Center Kurchatov Institute, Tokamak Physics Institute (Russian Federation); Kukushkin, A. S. [ITER Organization, Cadarache (France); Kurskiev, G. S. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Ioffe Physical Technical Institute (Russian Federation); Levashova, M. G. [National Research Center Kurchatov Institute, Tokamak Physics Institute (Russian Federation); Tolstyakov, S. Yu. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Ioffe Physical Technical Institute (Russian Federation)

2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

491

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Parallel iterative linear solvers for unstructured grids in FEM applications, originally developed for the Earth Simulator (ES), are ported to various types of parallel computer. The performance of flat MPI and hybrid parallel programming models is compared ...

Kengo Nakajima

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

An $O(\\sqrt{n}\\log \\frac{(x^0)^Ts^0}{\\epsilon})$ iteration primal-dual ...

An $O(\\sqrt{n}\\log \\frac{(x^0)^Ts^0}{\\epsilon})$ iteration primal-dual path- following method, based on wide neighborhoods and large updates, for monotone ...

493

We propose a new iterative method to directly calculate the spontaneous mass generation due to the dynamical chiral symmetry breaking. We can conclude the physical mass definitely without recourse to any other consideration like the free energy comparison.

Ken-Ichi Aoki; Shinnosuke Onai; Daisuke Sato

2013-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

494

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A straightforward iterative method is developed for solving the pressure field in three-dimensional, anelastic, nonhydrostatic, mesoscale models with uneven-spacing grid systems for which direct FFT (fan Fourier transform) schemes cannot be ...

Chih-Yue Jim Kao; Lawrence H. Auer

1990-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Systems Integration Division Homepage

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... systems integration and engineering, life cycle assessment, cyber-physical systems, productivity measurement, sustainability and energy efficiency. ...

2013-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

496

Relational measures and integration

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Work in fuzzy modeling has recently made its way from the interval $[0,1]\\subseteq {\\mathord{\\rm I \\! R}}$ to the ordinal or even to the qualitative level. We proceed further and introduce relational measures and relational integration. First ideas of ... Keywords: Choquet integral, evidence and belief, measure, necessity, plausibility, possibility measures, relation algebra, relational, sugeno integral

Gunther Schmidt

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Steady-State Solutions in Nonlinear Diffusive Shock Acceleration

Stationary solutions to the equations of non-linear diffusive shock acceleration play a fundamental role in the theory of cosmic-ray acceleration. Thei