Sample records for insolation latitutde tilt

  1. Insolation integrator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dougherty, John J. (Norristown, PA); Rudge, George T. (Lansdale, PA)

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An electric signal representative of the rate of insolation is integrated to determine if it is adequate for operation of a solar energy collection system.

  2. RESEARCH LETTERS Vibrating insoles and balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, James J.

    , and such changes have been associated with diminished motor performance. Input noise can enhance sensory and motor be substantially reduced through the application of mechanical noise to the feet via vibrating insoles. We usedRESEARCH LETTERS Vibrating insoles and balance control in elderly people Attila A Priplata, James B

  3. The Tilt Intonation Model 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Paul

    The tilt intonation model facilitates automatic analysis and synthesis of intonation. The analysis algorithm detects intonational events in F0 contours and parameterises them in terms of the continuously varying parameters. ...

  4. Insolation data manual and direct normal solar radiation data manual

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    1990-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Insolation Data Manual presents monthly averaged data which describes the availability of solar radiation at 248 National Weather Service (NWS) stations, principally in the United States. Monthly and annual average daily insolation and temperature values have been computed from a base of 24--25 years of data, generally from 1952--1975, and listed for each location. Insolation values represent monthly average daily totals of global radiation on a horizontal surface and are depicted using the three units of measurement: kJ/m{sup 2} per day, Btu/ft{sup 2} per day and langleys per day. Average daily maximum, minimum and monthly temperatures are provided for most locations in both Celsius and Fahrenheit. Heating and cooling degree-days were computed relative to a base of 18.3 C (65 F). For each station, global {bar K}{sub T} (cloudiness index) values were calculated on a monthly and annual basis. Global {bar K}{sub T} is an index of cloudiness and indicates fractional transmittance of horizontal radiation, from the top of the atmosphere to the earth's surface. The second section of this volume presents long-term monthly and annual averages of direct normal solar radiation for 235 NWS stations, including a discussion of the basic derivation process. This effort is in response to a generally recognized need for reliable direct normal data and the recent availability of 23 years of hourly averages for 235 stations. The relative inaccessibility of these data on microfiche further justifies reproducing at least the long-term averages in a useful format. In addition to a definition of terms and an overview of the ADIPA model, a discussion of model validation results is presented.

  5. IHT: Tools for Computing Insolation Absorption by Particle Laden Flows

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grout, R. W.

    2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes IHT, a toolkit for computing radiative heat exchange between particles. Well suited for insolation absorption computations, it is also has potential applications in combustion (sooting flames), biomass gasification processes and similar processes. The algorithm is based on the 'Photon Monte Carlo' approach and implemented in a library that can be interfaced with a variety of computational fluid dynamics codes to analyze radiative heat transfer in particle-laden flows. The emphasis in this report is on the data structures and organization of IHT for developers seeking to use the IHT toolkit to add Photon Monte Carlo capabilities to their own codes.

  6. Tilted-mirror semiconductor lasers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Salzman, J.; Lang, R.; Margalit, S.; Yariv, A.

    1985-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Broad-area GaAs heterostructure lasers with a tilted mirror were demonstrated for the first time, with the tilted mirror fabricated by etching. These lasers operate in a smooth and stable single lateral mode with a high degree of spatial coherence. The suppression of filamentation manifests itself in a high degree of reproducibility in the near-field pattern.

  7. Fluid observers and tilting cosmology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. A. Coley; S. Hervik; W. C. Lim

    2006-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

    We study perfect fluid cosmological models with a constant equation of state parameter $\\gamma$ in which there are two naturally defined time-like congruences, a geometrically defined geodesic congruence and a non-geodesic fluid congruence. We establish an appropriate set of boost formulae relating the physical variables, and consequently the observed quantities, in the two frames. We study expanding spatially homogeneous tilted perfect fluid models, with an emphasis on future evolution with extreme tilt. We show that for ultra-radiative equations of state (i.e., $\\gamma>4/3$), generically the tilt becomes extreme at late times and the fluid observers will reach infinite expansion within a finite proper time and experience a singularity similar to that of the big rip. In addition, we show that for sub-radiative equations of state (i.e., $\\gamma < 4/3$), the tilt can become extreme at late times and give rise to an effective quintessential equation of state. To establish the connection with phantom cosmology and quintessence, we calculate the effective equation of state in the models under consideration and we determine the future asymptotic behaviour of the tilting models in the fluid frame variables using the boost formulae. We also discuss spatially inhomogeneous models and tilting spatially homogeneous models with a cosmological constant.

  8. TILT STABILITY, UNIFORM QUADRATIC GROWTH, AND STRONG ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Tilt stability, variational analysis, subdifferentials, quadratic growth, strong metric .... Some convex analysis. ..... Example 3.5 (Failure of subdifferential continuity).

  9. Notes 16. Analysis of tilting pad bearings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    San Andres, Luis

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    NOTES 16. STATIC AND DYNAMIC FORCED PERFORMANCE OF TILTING PAD BEARINGS: ANALYSIS INCLUDING PIVOT STIFFNESS Dr. Luis San Andr?s Mast-Childs Professor August 2010 SUMMARY Work in progress ? still a lot of be done Introduction... Figure 1 shows a tilting pad journal bearing comprised of four pads. Each pad tilts about its pivot making a hydrodynamic film that generates a pressure reacting to the static load applied on the spinning journal. This type of bearing is typically...

  10. Northsouth topographic slope asymmetry on Mars: Evidence for insolation-related erosion at high obliquity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Head III, James William

    asymmetry. Specifically, we suggest that summertime melting of ground ice on pole-facing slopes occurred, asymmetric troughs in the polar cap deposits of Mars have been interpreted to be due to insolation derived from the gridded topo- graphic map are affected by strongly anisotropic errors. The slopes along

  11. Large optics inspection, tilting, and washing stand

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ayers, Marion Jay; Ayers, Shannon Lee

    2012-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

    A large optics stand provides a risk free means of safely tilting large optics with ease and a method of safely tilting large optics with ease. The optics are supported in the horizontal position by pads. In the vertical plane the optics are supported by saddles that evenly distribute the optics weight over a large area.

  12. Large optics inspection, tilting, and washing stand

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ayers, Marion Jay (Brentwood, CA); Ayers, Shannon Lee (Brentwood, CA)

    2010-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

    A large optics stand provides a risk free means of safely tilting large optics with ease and a method of safely tilting large optics with ease. The optics are supported in the horizontal position by pads. In the vertical plane the optics are supported by saddles that evenly distribute the optics weight over a large area.

  13. Combined Scanning Transmission Electron Microscopy Tilt- and Focal Series

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dahmen, Tim [German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence (DFKI), Germany] [German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence (DFKI), Germany; Baudoin, Jean-Pierre G [ORNL] [ORNL; Lupini, Andrew R [ORNL] [ORNL; Kubel, Christian [Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Leopoldshafen, Germany] [Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Leopoldshafen, Germany; Slusallek, Phillip [German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence (DFKI), Germany] [German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence (DFKI), Germany; De Jonge, Niels [ORNL] [ORNL

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this study, a combined tilt- and focal series is proposed as a new recording scheme for high-angle annular dark-field scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM) tomography. Three-dimensional (3D) data were acquired by mechanically tilting the specimen, and recording a through-focal series at each tilt direction. The sample was a whole-mount macrophage cell with embedded gold nanoparticles. The tilt focal algebraic reconstruction technique (TF-ART) is introduced as a new algorithm to reconstruct tomograms from such combined tilt- and focal series. The feasibility of TF-ART was demonstrated by 3D reconstruction of the experimental 3D data. The results were compared with a conventional STEM tilt series of a similar sample. The combined tilt- and focal series led to smaller missing wedge artifacts, and a higher axial resolution than obtained for the STEM tilt series, thus improving on one of the main issues of tilt series-based electron tomography.

  14. Tilt assembly for tracking solar collector assembly

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Almy, Charles; Peurach, John; Sandler, Reuben

    2012-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

    A tilt assembly is used with a solar collector assembly of the type comprising a frame, supporting a solar collector, for movement about a tilt axis by pivoting a drive element between first and second orientations. The tilt assembly comprises a drive element coupler connected to the drive element and a driver, the driver comprising a drive frame, a drive arm and a drive arm driver. The drive arm is mounted to the drive frame for pivotal movement about a drive arm axis. Movement on the drive arm mimics movement of the drive element. Drive element couplers can extend in opposite directions from the outer portion of the drive arm, whereby the assembly can be used between adjacent solar collector assemblies in a row of solar collector assemblies.

  15. Effects of regional insolation differences upon advanced solar thermal electric power plant performance and energy costs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Latta, A.F.; Bowyer, J.M.; Fujita, T.; Richter, P.H.

    1980-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study determines the performance and cost of four 10 MWe advanced solar thermal electric power plants sited in various regions of the continental United States. The solar plants are conceptualized to begin commercial operation in the year 2000. It is assumed that major subsystem performance will have improved substantially as compared to that of pilot plants currently operating or under construction. The net average annual system efficiency is therefore roughly twice that of current solar thermal electric power plant designs. Similarly, capital costs reflecting goals based on high-volume mass production that are considered to be appropriate for the year 2000 have been used. These costs, which are approximately an order of magnitude below the costs of current experimental projects, are believed to be achievable as a result of the anticipated sizeable solar penetration into the energy market in the 1990 to 2000 timeframe. The paraboloidal dish, central receiver, cylindrical parabolic trough, and compound parabolic concentrators comprise the advanced collector concepts studied. All concepts exhibit their best performance when sited in regional areas such as the sunbelt where the annual insolation is high. The regional variation in solar plant performance has been assessed in relation to the expected rise in the future cost of residential and commercial electricity in the same regions. A discussion of the regional insolation data base, a description of the solar systems performance and costs, and a presentation of a range for the forecast cost of conventional electricity by region and nationally over the next several decades are given.

  16. The cost of noise reduction in commercial tilt rotor aircraft

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Faulkner, Henry B.

    1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The relationship between direct operating cost and departure noise annoyance was developed for commercial tilt rotor aircraft. This was accomplished by generating a series of tilt rotor aircraft designs to meet various ...

  17. Ram pressure stripping of tilted galaxies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jachym, P; Palous, J; Combes, F

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ram pressure stripping of galaxies in clusters can yield gas deficient disks. Previous numerical simulations based on various approaches suggested that, except for near edge-on disk orientations, the amount of stripping depends very little on the inclination angle. Following our previous study of face-on stripping, we extend the set of parameters with the disk tilt angle and explore in detail the effects of the ram pressure on the interstellar content (ISM) of tilted galaxies that orbit in various environments of clusters, with compact or extended distributions of the intra-cluster medium (ICM). We further study how results of numerical simulations could be estimated analytically. A grid of numerical simulations with varying parameters is produced using the tree/SPH code GADGET with a modified method for calculating the ISM-ICM interaction. These SPH calculations extend the set of existing results obtained from different codes using various numerical techniques. The simulations confirm the general trend of le...

  18. Prediction of tilted capillary barrier performance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Webb, S.W.; McCord, J.T.; Dwyer, S.F.

    1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Capillary barriers, consisting of tilted fine-over-coarse layers under unsaturated conditions, have been suggested as landfill covers to divert water infiltration away from sensitive underground regions, especially for arid and semi-arid regions. The Hydrological Evaluation of Landfill Performance (HELP) computer code is an evaluation tool for landfill covers used by designers and regulators. HELP is a quasi-two-dimensional model that predicts moisture movement into and through the underground soil and waste layers. Processes modeled within HELP include precipitation, runoff, evapotranspiration, unsaturated vertical drainage, saturated lateral drainage, and leakage through liners. Unfortunately, multidimensional unsaturated flow phenomena that are necessary for evaluating tilted capillary barriers are not included in HELP. Differences between the predictions of the HELP and those from a multidimensional unsaturated flow code are presented to assess the two different approaches. Comparisons are presented for the landfill covers including capillary barrier configurations at the Alternative Landfill Cover Demonstration (ALCD) being conducted at Sandia.

  19. Stabilizing windings for tilting and shifting modes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Jardin, Stephen C. (Princeton, NJ); Christensen, Uffe R. (Princeton, NJ)

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This invention relates to passive conducting loops for stabilizing a plasma ring against unstable tilting and/or shifting modes. To this end, for example, plasma ring in a spheromak is stabilized by a set of four figure-8 shaped loops having one pair on one side of the plasma and one pair on the other side with each pair comprising two loops whose axes are transverse to each other.

  20. Solar: monthly latitude tilt GIS data at 40km resolution for...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a flat plate collector, such as a photovoltaic panel, oriented due south...

  1. Transient multidimensional second law analysis of solar collectors subjected to time-varying insolation with diffuse components

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Onyegegbu, S.O. (Univ. of Nigeria, Nsukka (Nigeria)); Morhenne, J. (Ruhr-Universitaet, Bochum (Germany))

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents an unsteady two-dimensional analysis of a flat-plate solar collector subjected to time varying insolation with considerable diffuse components as a better characterization of practical solar collectors. The analysis considers the thermal masses of the absorber, tube, glazing, and the working fluid in the system, as well as the different optical and thermodynamic properties of beam and diffuse radiation. Using two sets of insolation data, one for a near clear day and the other for an overcast day, an exergetic optimization of the system was carried out and flow rates which maximize the total energy output (extracted and accumulated) were determined for flow update periods of once very 30 min, 1 h, and the entire daylight period. The instantaneous optimum flow rates were found to follow the insolation pattern. On a daily basis, the optimum exergetic efficiencies and optimum flow rates were almost independent of the choice of the interval of fluid update, but were about 30% and 10%, respectively, higher for the clear day than for the overcast day.

  2. Analysis and synthesis of intonation using the tilt model 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Paul

    This paper introduces the Tilt intonational model and describes how this model can be used to automatically analyze and synthesize intonation. In the model, intonation is represented as a linear sequence of events, which ...

  3. Geometric Model of a Narrow Tilting CAR using Robotics formalism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    of an Electrical narrow tilting car instead of a large gasoline car should dramatically decrease traffic congestion are the terminal links. Each body Cj is connected to its antecedent Ci (i=a (j)) with a joint that represents

  4. A Neural Network Model of Visual Tilt Aftereffects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    RF-LISSOM, a self-organizing model of laterally connected orientation maps in the primary visual cortex, was used to study the psychological phenomenon known as the tilt aftereffect. The same self-organizing processes that are responsible for the long-term development of the map and its lateral connections are shown to result in tilt aftereffects over short time scales in the adult. The model allows observing large numbers of neurons and connections simultaneously, making it possible to relate higher-level phenomenato low-level events, which is difficult to do experimentally. The results give computational support for the idea that direct tilt aftereffects arise from adaptive lateral interactions between feature detectors, as has long been surmised. They also suggest that indirect effects could result from the conservation of synaptic resourcesduring this process. The model thus provides a unified computational explanation of self-organization and both direct and indirect tilt aftereff...

  5. TILT POUR TRIALS AND ANALYSIS Bob Bryant1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beckermann, Christoph

    TILT POUR TRIALS AND ANALYSIS Bob Bryant1 , Kent D. Carlson2 , Shouzhu Ou2 , Christoph Beckermann2 reduce inclusion severity, compared to standard techniques. Bryant, R., Carlson, K.D., Ou, S

  6. Laser Guide Star Adaptive Optics without Tip-tilt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. Davies; S. Rabien; C. Lidman; M. Le Louarn; M. Kasper; N. M. Forster Schreiber; V. Roccatagliata; N. Ageorges; P. Amico; C. Dumas; F. Mannucci

    2008-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Adaptive optics (AO) systems allow a telescope to reach its diffraction limit at near infrared wavelengths. But to achieve this, a bright natural guide star (NGS) is needed for the wavefront sensing, severely limiting the fraction of the sky over which AO can be used. To some extent this can be overcome with a laser guide star (LGS). While the laser can be pointed anywhere in the sky, one still needs to have a natural star, albeit fainter, reasonably close to correct the image motion (tip-tilt) to which laser guide stars are insensitive. There are in fact many astronomical targets without suitable tip-tilt stars, but for which the enhanced resolution obtained with the Laser Guide Star Facility (LGSF) would still be very beneficial. This article explores what adaptive optics performance one might expect if one dispenses with the tip-tilt star, and in what situations this mode of observing might be needed.

  7. Method to fabricate a tilted logpile photonic crystal

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Williams, John D. (Albuquerque, NM); Sweatt, William C. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2010-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

    A method to fabricate a tilted logpile photonic crystal requires only two lithographic exposures and does not require mask repositioning between exposures. The mask and photoresist-coated substrate are spaced a fixed and constant distance apart using a spacer and the stack is clamped together. The stack is then tilted at a crystallographic symmetry angle (e.g., 45 degrees) relative to the X-ray beam and rotated about the surface normal until the mask is aligned with the X-ray beam. The stack is then rotated in plane by a small stitching angle and exposed to the X-ray beam to pattern the first half of the structure. The stack is then rotated by 180.degree. about the normal and a second exposure patterns the remaining half of the structure. The method can use commercially available DXRL scanner technology and LIGA processes to fabricate large-area, high-quality tilted logpile photonic crystals.

  8. Tilted accretion discs in cataclysmic variables: tidal instabilities and superhumps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. R. Murray; P. J. Armitage

    1998-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the growth of tidal instabilities in accretion discs in a binary star potential, using three dimensional numerical simulations. As expected from analytic work, the disc is prone to an eccentric instability provided that it is large enough to extend to the 3:1 resonance. The eccentric disc leads to positive superhumps in the light curve. It has been proposed that negative superhumps might arise from a tilted disc, but we find no evidence that the companion gravitational tilt instability can grow fast enough in a fluid disc to create a measurable inclination. The origin of negative superhumps in the light curves of cataclysmic variables remains a puzzle.

  9. Rotordynamic and thermal analyses of compliant flexure pivot tilting pad gas bearings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sim, Kyu-Ho

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Rotordynamic and thermal analyses of compliant flexure pivot tilting pad gas bearings were performed. First, compliant flexure pivot tilting pad gas bearings with pad radial compliance (CFTPBs) were introduced and designed for high-speed oil...

  10. The cost of noise reduction for departure and arrival operations of commercial tilt rotor aircraft

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Faulkner, Henry B.

    1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The relationship between direct operating cost (DOC) and noise annoyance due to a departure and an arrival operation was developed for commercial tilt rotor aircraft. This was accomplished by generating a series of tilt ...

  11. On the first Hochschild cohomology group of a cluster-tilted algebra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    On the first Hochschild cohomology group of a cluster-tilted algebra Ibrahim Assem, Mar´ia Julia Redondo and Ralf Schiffler Abstract Given a cluster-tilted algebra B, we study its first Hochschild cohomol- ogy group HH1 (B) with coefficients in the B-B-bimodule B. If C is a tilted algebra such that B

  12. EIS-0039: Motor Gasoline Deregulation and the Gasoline Tilt

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Economic Regulatory Administration developed this EIS to evaluate the environmental impacts, including social and economic impacts, that may result from either of two proposed regulatory changes: (1) the exemption of motor gasoline from the Department of Energy's Mandatory Petroleum Price and Allocation Regulations, and (2) the adoption of the gasoline tilt, a proposed regulation that would allow refiners to recover an additional amount of their total increased costs on gasoline.

  13. Splay and tilt energy of bipolar lipid membranes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Timur R. Galimzyanov; Peter I. Kuzmin; Peter Pohl; Sergey A. Akimov

    2014-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Archaea organisms are able to survive in extremely aggressive environment. It is thought that such resistance, at least, in part is sustained by unique properties of archaea membrane. The membrane consists of so called bolalipids, which has two polar heads joined by two hydrocarbon chains. Thus bolalipids can exist in two conformations: i) polar heads are located at different sides of bolalipid layer, so called, O-shape; ii) polar heads are located at the same side of the layer, so called, U-shape. Both polar heads and chains are chemically different from those for conventional lipids. In the present study we develop basis for theory of elasticity of bolalipid membranes. Deformations of splay, tilt and Gaussian curvature are considered. We show that energetic contributions of tilt deformation from two surfaces of bolalipid layer are additive, as well as Gaussian curvature, while splay deformations yield a cross-term. The presence of U-shapes is taken into account in terms of the layer spontaneous curvature. Estimation of tilt modulus and possible experiments allowing to measure splay moduli are described.

  14. Tilting the Primordial Power Spectrum with Bulk Viscosity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    James E. Lidsey

    1993-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Within the context of the cold dark matter model, current observations suggest that inflationary models which generate a tilted primordial power spectrum with negligible gravitational waves provide the most promising mechanism for explaining large scale clustering. The general form of the inflationary potential which produces such a spectrum is a hyperbolic function and is interpreted physically as a bulk viscous stress contribution to the energy-momentum of a perfect baryotropic fluid. This is equivalent to expanding the equation of state as a truncated Taylor series. Particle physics models which lead to such a potential are discussed.

  15. Insolation data manual: long-term monthly averages of solar radiation, temperature, degree-days and global anti K/sub T/ for 248 national weather service stations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Knapp, C L; Stoffel, T L; Whitaker, S D

    1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Monthly averaged data is presented which describes the availability of solar radiation at 248 National Weather Service stations. Monthly and annual average daily insolation and temperature values have been computed from a base of 24 to 25 years of data. Average daily maximum, minimum, and monthly temperatures are provided for most locations in both Celsius and Fahrenheit. Heating and cooling degree-days were computed relative to a base of 18.3/sup 0/C (65/sup 0/F). For each station, global anti K/sub T/ (cloudiness index) were calculated on a monthly and annual basis. (MHR)

  16. The effects of gantry tilt on breast dose and image noise in cardiac CT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hoppe, Michael E.; Gandhi, Diksha; Schmidt, Taly Gilat [Department of Biomedical Engineering, Marquette University, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53233 (United States)] [Department of Biomedical Engineering, Marquette University, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53233 (United States); Stevens, Grant M. [GE Healthcare, Waukesha, Wisconsin 53188 (United States)] [GE Healthcare, Waukesha, Wisconsin 53188 (United States); Foley, W. Dennis [Department of Radiology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Froedtert Memorial Lutheran Hospital, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53226 (United States)] [Department of Radiology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Froedtert Memorial Lutheran Hospital, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53226 (United States)

    2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: This study investigated the effects of tilted-gantry acquisition on image noise and glandular breast dose in females during cardiac computed tomography (CT) scans. Reducing the dose to glandular breast tissue is important due to its high radiosensitivity and limited diagnostic significance in cardiac CT scans.Methods: Tilted-gantry acquisition was investigated through computer simulations and experimental measurements. Upon IRB approval, eight voxelized phantoms were constructed from previously acquired cardiac CT datasets. Monte Carlo simulations quantified the dose deposited in glandular breast tissue over a range of tilt angles. The effects of tilted-gantry acquisition on breast dose were measured on a clinical CT scanner (CT750HD, GE Healthcare) using an anthropomorphic phantom with MOSFET dosimeters in the breast regions. In both simulations and experiments, scans were performed at gantry tilt angles of 0°–30°, in 5° increments. The percent change in breast dose was calculated relative to the nontilted scan for all tilt angles. The percent change in noise standard deviation due to gantry tilt was calculated in all reconstructed simulated and experimental images.Results: Tilting the gantry reduced the breast dose in all simulated and experimental phantoms, with generally greater dose reduction at increased gantry tilts. For example, at 30° gantry tilt, the dosimeters located in the superior, middle, and inferior breast regions measured dose reductions of 74%, 61%, and 9%, respectively. The simulations estimated 0%–30% total breast dose reduction across the eight phantoms and range of tilt angles. However, tilted-gantry acquisition also increased the noise standard deviation in the simulated phantoms by 2%–50% due to increased pathlength through the iodine-filled heart. The experimental phantom, which did not contain iodine in the blood, demonstrated decreased breast dose and decreased noise at all gantry tilt angles.Conclusions: Tilting the gantry reduced the dose to the breast, while also increasing noise standard deviation. Overall, the noise increase outweighed the dose reduction for the eight voxelized phantoms, suggesting that tilted gantry acquisition may not be beneficial for reducing breast dose while maintaining image quality.

  17. Evolution of the contact network during tilting cycles of a granular pile under gravity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Staron, Lydie

    Evolution of the contact network during tilting cycles of a granular pile under gravity S. Deboeuf of a granular pile undergoing quasi-static tilting cycles in the gravity field. The volumic deformation of granular piles during continuous load in the gravity field (Staron, Vilotte, & Radjai 2002). Far before

  18. Escape configuration lattice near the nematic-isotropic transition: Tilt analogue of blue phases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buddhapriya Chakrabarti; Yashodhan Hatwalne; N. V. Madhusudana

    2006-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

    We predict the possible existence of a new phase of liquid crystals near the nematic-isotropic ($ NI $) transition. This phase is an achiral, tilt-analogue of the blue phase and is composed of a lattice of {\\em double-tilt}, escape-configuration cylinders. We discuss the structure and the stability of this phase and provide an estimate of the lattice parameter.

  19. Self-Optimization of Antenna Tilt and Pilot Power for Dedicated Channels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Self-Optimization of Antenna Tilt and Pilot Power for Dedicated Channels Abstract-- In Radio Access Networks (RAN), fixed configurations result in poor network efficiency. This sub- optimal performance present a framework for a self-optimizing RAN, which adapts Antenna Tilt and Pilot Power according

  20. Method for removing tilt control in adaptive optics systems

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Salmon, Joseph Thaddeus (Livermore, CA)

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A new adaptive optics system and method of operation, whereby the method removes tilt control, and includes the steps of using a steering mirror to steer a wavefront in the desired direction, for aiming an impinging aberrated light beam in the direction of a deformable mirror. The deformable mirror has its surface deformed selectively by means of a plurality of actuators, and compensates, at least partially, for existing aberrations in the light beam. The light beam is split into an output beam and a sample beam, and the sample beam is sampled using a wavefront sensor. The sampled signals are converted into corresponding electrical signals for driving a controller, which, in turn, drives the deformable mirror in a feedback loop in response to the sampled signals, for compensating for aberrations in the wavefront. To this purpose, a displacement error (gradient) of the wavefront is measured, and adjusted by a modified gain matrix, which satisfies the following equation: G'=(I-X(X.sup.T X).sup.-1 X.sup.T)G(I-A)

  1. Method for removing tilt control in adaptive optics systems

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Salmon, J.T.

    1998-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

    A new adaptive optics system and method of operation are disclosed, whereby the method removes tilt control, and includes the steps of using a steering mirror to steer a wavefront in the desired direction, for aiming an impinging aberrated light beam in the direction of a deformable mirror. The deformable mirror has its surface deformed selectively by means of a plurality of actuators, and compensates, at least partially, for existing aberrations in the light beam. The light beam is split into an output beam and a sample beam, and the sample beam is sampled using a wavefront sensor. The sampled signals are converted into corresponding electrical signals for driving a controller, which, in turn, drives the deformable mirror in a feedback loop in response to the sampled signals, for compensating for aberrations in the wavefront. To this purpose, a displacement error (gradient) of the wavefront is measured, and adjusted by a modified gain matrix, which satisfies the following equation: G{prime} = (I{minus}X(X{sup T} X){sup {minus}1}X{sup T})G(I{minus}A). 3 figs.

  2. 'Tilting' the Universe with the Landscape Multiverse: The 'Dark' Flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. Mersini-Houghton; R. Holman

    2008-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The theory for the selection of the initial state of the universe from the landscape multiverse predicts superhorizon inhomogeneities induced by nonlocal entanglement of our Hubble volume with modes and domains beyond the horizon. Here we show these naturally give rise to a bulk flow with correlation length of order horizon size. The modification to the gravitational potential has a characteristic scale $L_{1} \\simeq 10^{3} H^{-1}$, and it originates from the preinflationary remnants of the landscape. The 'tilt' in the potential induces power to the lowest CMB multipoles, with the dominant contribution being the dipole and next, the quadrupole. The induced multipoles $l \\le 2$ are aligned with an axis normal to their alignment plane being oriented along the preferred frame determined by the dipole. The preferred direction is displayed by the velocity field of the bulk flow relative to the expansion frame of the universe. The parameters are tightly constrained thus the derived modifications lead to robust predictions for testing our theory. The 'dark' flow was recently discovered by Kashlinsky et al. to be about $700 km/s$ which seems in good agreement with our predictions for the induced dipole of order $3 \\mu K$. Placed in this context, the discovery of the bulk flow by Kashlinsky et al. becomes even more interesting as it may provide a probe of the preinflationary physics and a window onto the landscape multiverse.

  3. Phonon thermal transport through tilt grain boundaries in strontium titanate

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zheng, Zexi; Chen, Xiang; Yang, Shengfeng; Xiong, Liming; Chen, Youping [Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611 (United States); Deng, Bowen; Chernatynskiy, Aleksandr [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611 (United States)

    2014-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

    In this work, we perform nonequilibrium molecular dynamics simulations to study phonon scattering at two tilt grain boundaries (GBs) in SrTiO{sub 3}. Mode-wise energy transmission coefficients are obtained based on phonon wave-packet dynamics simulations. The Kapitza conductance is then quantified using a lattice dynamics approach. The obtained results of the Kapitza conductance of both GBs compare well with those obtained by the direct method, except for the temperature dependence. Contrary to common belief, the results of this work show that the optical modes in SrTiO{sub 3} contribute significantly to phonon thermal transport, accounting for over 50% of the Kapitza conductance. To understand the effect of the GB structural disorder on phonon transport, we compare the local phonon density of states of the atoms in the GB region with that in the single crystalline grain region. Our results show that the excess vibrational modes introduced by the structural disorder do not have a significant effect on phonon scattering at the GBs, but the absence of certain modes in the GB region appears to be responsible for phonon reflections at GBs. This work has also demonstrated phonon mode conversion and simultaneous generation of new modes. Some of the new modes have the same frequency as the initial wave packet, while some have the same wave vector but lower frequencies.

  4. Tilted CDM versus WDM in the Subgalactic Scuffle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    James S. Bullock

    2001-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Although the currently favored cold dark matter plus cosmological constant model (LCDM) has proven to be remarkably successful on large scales, on subgalactic scales it faces some potentially fatal difficulties; these include over-producing dwarf satellite galaxies and predicting excessive central densities in dark halos. Among the most natural cosmological solutions to these problems is to replace cold dark matter with a warm species (LWDM). The warm component acts to reduce the small-scale power, resulting in fewer galactic subhalos and lower halo central densities. An alternative model with a mild ``tilt'' in the inflationary power spectrum (TLCDM; n =0.9) similarly reduces the central densities of dark halos, although the substructure abundance remains relatively high. Here I argue that because dwarf galaxy formation should be suppressed in the presence of a strong ionizing background, favored LWDM models will generally under-predict the observed abundance of dwarf galaxies. The satellite count for TLCDM fairs much better, as long as the photoionization effect is taken into account. TLCDM provides a more successful alternative to LWDM on subgalactic scales with the added attraction that it relies on only a minor, natural adjustment to the standard framework of CDM.

  5. Tilt-up concrete panels : an investigation of flexural stresses and punching shear during lifting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bono, Matthew P. (Matthew Paul)

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Tilt-up construction is becoming more popular in the United States due to its ease of construction, reliability, and relatively low construction and maintenance costs. In its most typical form, a concrete panel is cast on ...

  6. Analysis of flexure pivot tilting pad gas bearings with different damper configurations 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rimpel, Aaron Michael

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Hydrodynamic flexure pivot tilting pad gas bearings (FPTPGBs) can enable successful operation of oil-free microturbomachinery. This work presents the experimental and analytical study of such bearings with different damper configurations. A test rig...

  7. A Novel Computational Model for Tilting Pad Journal Bearings with Soft Pivot Stiffnesses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tao, Yujiao 1988-

    2012-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

    A novel tilting pad journal bearing model including pivot flexibility as well as temporal fluid inertia effects on the thin film fluid flow aims to accurately predict the bearing forced performance. The predictive model also accounts for the thermal...

  8. Measurements of static loading characteristics of a Flexurepivot Tilt Pad Hydrodynamic Bearing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walton, Nicholas Van Edward

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An experimental investigation examining the static loading characteristics of a four-pad, KMC FLEXUREPIVOT Tilt Pad Hydrodynamic Bearing is presented. Tests are conducted on the TRACE Fluid Film Bearing Element Test Rig for journal speeds ranging...

  9. Design and characterization of a planar mechanism for passive tilt-compensation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lai, Justin Yi-Shen

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This work investigated the design and testing of a planar mechanism for passively compensating tilt between two flat surfaces brought into close proximity. The proposed design uses flexural components which eliminate ...

  10. K'-Theory of a Cohen-Macaulay Local Ring with n-Cluster Tilting Object

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Navkal, Viraj

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Categories and K-theory Definition 4.1. An exact category isLocalizations in K-Theory Definition 8.11. Let R be a ringdefinition of n-cluster tilting comes from invariant theory.

  11. Construction techniques and costs of tilt-up concrete farm structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Winsett, Ivan Lane

    1957-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 25 2S Ths warehouse with all Panels . 'honed and ths Pilaster Focal in Place Awaiting the Costing of ths Pilastars. . . . 29 14. Detail of Corner Pilaster~ Pilaster Fora, snd Footing Used in ths Concrete Tilt-Up w'arehouse . ~ . . ~ ~. . . . . 30... ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 46 26. Detail of Zaproesd Corner Pilaster, Pilaster Rora, and Footing Used in the Concrete Tilt4p Anginal Shelter ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 48 27. The Antnal shelter heady for (hating the ConcNts Posts and PDa sts...

  12. Blue-tilted Tensor Spectrum and Thermal History of the Universe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sachiko Kuroyanagi; Tomo Takahashi; Shuichiro Yokoyama

    2014-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate constraints on the spectral index of primordial gravitational waves (GWs), paying particular attention to a blue-tilted spectrum. Such constraints can be used to test a certain class of models of the early Universe. We investigate observational bounds from LIGO+Virgo, pulsar timing and big bang nucleosynthesis, taking into account the suppression of the amplitude at high frequencies due to reheating after inflation and also late-time entropy production. Constraints on the spectral index are presented by changing values of parameters such as reheating temperatures and the amount of entropy produced at late time. We also consider constraints under the general modeling approach which can approximately describe various scenarios of the early Universe. We show that the constraints on the blue spectral tilt strongly depend on the underlying assumption and, in some cases, a highly blue-tilted spectrum can still be allowed.

  13. No evidence for the blue-tilted power spectrum of relic gravitational waves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Qing-Guo

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, we constrain the tilt of the power spectrum of relic gravitational waves by combining the data from BICEP2/Keck array and Planck (BKP) and the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Waves Observatory (LIGO). From the data of BKP B-modes, the constraint on the tensor tilt is $n_t=0.66^{+1.83}_{-1.44}$ at the $68%$ confidence level. By further adding the LIGO upper limit on the energy density of gravitational waves, the constraint becomes $n_t=-0.76^{+1.37}_{-0.52}$ at the $68%$ confidence level. We conclude that there is no evidence for a blue-tilted power spectrum of relic gravitational waves and either sign of the index of tensor power spectrum is compatible with the data.

  14. No evidence for the blue-tilted power spectrum of relic gravitational waves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qing-Guo Huang; Sai Wang

    2015-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, we constrain the tilt of the power spectrum of relic gravitational waves by combining the data from BICEP2/Keck array and Planck (BKP) and the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Waves Observatory (LIGO). From the data of BKP B-modes, the constraint on the tensor tilt is $n_t=0.66^{+1.83}_{-1.44}$ at the $68%$ confidence level. By further adding the LIGO upper limit on the energy density of gravitational waves, the constraint becomes $n_t=-0.76^{+1.37}_{-0.52}$ at the $68%$ confidence level. We conclude that there is no evidence for a blue-tilted power spectrum of relic gravitational waves and either sign of the index of tensor power spectrum is compatible with the data.

  15. Design and initial characterization of a compact, ultra high vacuum compatible, low frequency, tilt accelerometer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    O’Toole, A., E-mail: amandajotoole@gmail.com, E-mail: riccardo.desalvo@gmail.com [Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University of California, Los Angeles, 405 Hilgard Ave, Los Angeles, California 90095 (United States); Peña Arellano, F. E. [National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan); Rodionov, A. V.; Kim, C. [California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125 (United States); Shaner, M.; Asadoor, M. [Mayfield Senior School, 500 Bellefontaine Street Pasadena, California 91105 (United States); Sobacchi, E. [Scuola Normale Superiore, Piazza dei Cavalieri 7, 56126 Pisa (Italy); Dergachev, V.; DeSalvo, R., E-mail: amandajotoole@gmail.com, E-mail: riccardo.desalvo@gmail.com [LIGO Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, MS 100-36, Pasadena, California 91125 (United States); Bhawal, A. [Arcadia High School, 180 Campus Drive, Arcadia, California 91007 (United States); Gong, P. [Department of Precision Instrument, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China); Lottarini, A. [Department of Computer Science, University of Pisa, Largo B. Pontecorvo 3, 56127 Pisa (Italy); Minenkov, Y. [Sezione INFN Tor Vergata, via della Ricerca Scientfica 1, 00133 Roma (Italy); Murphy, C. [School of Physics, The University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley, Perth, Western Australia 6009 (Australia)

    2014-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A compact tilt accelerometer with high sensitivity at low frequency was designed to provide low frequency corrections for the feedback signal of the Advanced Laser Interferometer Gravitational Wave Observatory active seismic attenuation system. It has been developed using a Tungsten Carbide ceramic knife-edge hinge designed to avoid the mechanical 1/f noise believed to be intrinsic in polycrystalline metallic flexures. Design and construction details are presented; prototype data acquisition and control limitations are discussed. The instrument's characterization reported here shows that the hinge is compatible with being metal-hysteresis-free, and therefore also free of the 1/f noise generated by the dislocation Self-Organized Criticality in the metal. A tiltmeter of this kind will be effective to separate the ground tilt component from the signal of horizontal low frequency seismometers, and to correct the ill effects of microseismic tilt in advanced seismic attenuation systems.

  16. Numerical relativity simulations of thick accretion disks around tilted Kerr black holes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vassilios Mewes; José A. Font; Filippo Galeazzi; Pedro J. Montero; Nikolaos Stergioulas

    2015-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

    In this work we present 3D numerical relativity simulations of thick accretion disks around {\\it tilted} Kerr black holes. We investigate the evolution of three different initial disk models with a range of initial black hole spin magnitudes and tilt angles. For all the disk-to-black hole mass ratios considered ($0.044-0.16$) we observe significant black hole precession and nutation during the evolution. This indicates that for such mass ratios, neglecting the self-gravity of the disks by evolving them in a fixed background black hole spacetime is not justified. We find that the two more massive models are unstable against the Papaloizou-Pringle (PP) instability and that those PP-unstable models remain unstable for all initial spins and tilt angles considered, showing that the development of the instability is a very robust feature of such PP-unstable disks. The tilt between the black hole spin and the disk is strongly modulated during the growth of the PP instability, causing a partial global realignment of black hole spin and disk angular momentum in the most massive model with constant specific angular momentum $l$. For the model with non-constant $l$-profile we observe a long-lived $m=1$ non-axisymmetric structure which shows strong oscillations of the tilt angle in the inner regions of the disk. We attribute this effect to the development of Kozai-Lidov oscillations. Our simulations also confirm earlier findings that the development of the PP instability causes the long-term emission of large amplitude gravitational waves, predominantly for the $l=m=2$ multipole mode. The imprint of the BH precession on the gravitational waves from tilted BH-torus systems remains an interesting open issue that would require significantly longer simulations than those presented in this work.

  17. Volume 177, number 2 CHEMICAL PHYSICS LETTERS 15 February 1991 Cu titration of tilted CO on a MO( 110) surface

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goodman, Wayne

    to the surface normal. Upon subsequent deposition of = 0.9 ML Cu at 95 Kfollowed by heating, infrared, in a weakening of the C-O bond [ l-41. The tilted CO can either dissociate into atomic C and 0 upon heating to z) surface. In this Letter, we present the results of studies on tilted CO on MO( 110) using infrared

  18. PS-wave moveout inversion for tilted TI media: A physical-modeling study Pawan Dewangan1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    PS-wave moveout inversion for tilted TI media: A physical-modeling study Pawan Dewangan1 , Ilya Tsvankin2 , Mike Batzle3 , Kasper van Wijk4 , and Matthew Haney5 ABSTRACT Mode-converted PS-waves can- and PS- waves can be inverted for the parameters of a horizontal TI layer with a tilted symmetry axis

  19. Tilted Micro Air Jet for Flow Control Julien Malapert*, Rda Yahiaoui, Rabah Zeggari and Jean-Franois Manceau

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Tilted Micro Air Jet for Flow Control Julien Malapert*, Réda Yahiaoui°, Rabah Zeggari and Jean: In this paper, we present an interesting method to microfabricate a tilted micro air jet generator. We used a double side etching. For aircraft and cars, micro air jets will take an important place for fluid control

  20. First Flight Tests for a Quadrotor UAV with Tilting Propellers Markus Ryll, Heinrich H. Bulthoff, and Paolo Robuffo Giordano

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ]. For these latter platforms, only the Cartesian position and yaw angle of their body frame w.r.t. an inertial frame directions. As quadrotor UAVs are being more and more exploited as autonomous flying service robots [3], [4: ducted-fan designs [5], tilt-wing mechanisms [6], [7], or tilt-rotor actuations [8], [9]. Along similar

  1. Friction in (im-)miscible polymer brush systems and the role of transverse polymer-tilting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mueser, Martin

    Friction in (im-)miscible polymer brush systems and the role of transverse polymer-tilting Sissi de preferred solvent, leading to low friction and low wear rates. Here, we demonstrate, using molecular systems also show smaller friction than miscible systems, although the friction reduction is less than

  2. TILTED LAYER-BASED MODELING FOR ENHANCED LIGHT-FIELD PROCESSING AND IMAGE BASED RENDERING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dragotti, Pier Luigi

    TILTED LAYER-BASED MODELING FOR ENHANCED LIGHT-FIELD PROCESSING AND IMAGE BASED RENDERING James, UK {j.pearson09, marcovs, mike.brookes, p.dragotti}@imperial.ac.uk ABSTRACT Image based rendering- torealistic results. However for successful rendering, geometric pri- ors about the structure of the scene

  3. Atomistic simulations of structures and mechanical properties of polycrystalline diamond: Symmetrical S001< tilt grain boundaries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brenner, Donald W.

    Atomistic simulations of structures and mechanical properties of polycrystalline diamond for diamond to deposit as a polycrystalline film with a high density of grain boundaries and related defects structures and energies of symmetrical 001 tilt grain boundaries GB's in diamond have been calculated over

  4. Tilt Aftereffects in a Self-Organizing Model of the Primary Visual Cortex

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    RF-LISSOM, a self-organizing model of laterally connected orientation maps in the primary visual cortex, was used to study the psychological phenomenon known as the tilt aftereffect. The same self-organizing processes that are responsible for the long-term development of the map are shown to result in tilt aftereffects over short time scales in the adult. The model permits simultaneous observation of large numbers of neurons and connections, making it possible to relate high-level phenomena to low-level events, which is difficult to do experimentally. The results give detailed computational support for the long-standing conjecture that the direct tilt aftereffect arises from adaptive lateral interactions between feature detectors. They also make a new prediction that the indirect effect results from the normalization of synaptic efficacies during this process. The model thus provides a unified computational explanation of self-organization and both the direct and indirect tilt aftereffect in the primary visual cortex.

  5. Tilting mirror strips in a linear Fresnel reector Gang Xiao (University of Nice, France)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Tilting mirror strips in a linear Fresnel reector Gang Xiao (University of Nice, France) February 29, 2012 Abstract When a linear Fresnel reector solar concentrator is installed in a site with high of the linear Fresnel reector. Technical restrictions and diculties of this method are also discussed

  6. Evidence of a tilted columnar structure for mesomorphic phases of benzene-hexa-n-alkanoates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1285 Evidence of a tilted columnar structure for mesomorphic phases of benzene-hexa-n-alkanoates F. 2014 Optical observations on the mesomorphs of benzene-hexa-n-alkanoates, and their admixtures with benzene, show that the planes of these discotic molecules are not perpendicular to the columns in which

  7. An experimental investigation of a tilt rotor aircraft wake in ground effect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frey, Michael Louis

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    were taken at several disk loadings and various model to ground plane distances. The data collected was used to evaluate the horizontal wake component's effect on people by re- lating the experimental velocity profiles to an equivalent uniform... Flow Measurement Equipment. Wake Velocity Versus Distance from Tilt Rotor Wake Velocity Versus Disk Loading Tuft Flow Visualization ? H=3D, 3, 000 RPM Tuft Flow Visualization ? H=2D, 9, 000 RPM Flow Direction Measurement Results ? H=1D 14 20 22...

  8. Measurement of rotordynamic coefficients for a high-speed flexure pivot tilting-pad bearing(load between pad) configuration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Ghasem, Adnan Mahmoud

    2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis presents the dynamic and static forced performance of a flexure-pivot tilting-pad bearing load between pad (LBP) configuration for different rotor speeds and bearing unit loadings. The bearing has the following design parameters: 4 pads...

  9. Measured and Predicted Rotor-Pad Transfer Functions for a Rocker-Pivot Tilting-Pad Journal Bearing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilkes, Jason Christopher

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Many researchers have compared predicted stiffness and damping coefficients for tilting-pad journal bearings (TPJBs) to measurements. Most have found that direct damping is consistently overpredicted. The thrust of this research is to explain...

  10. Effects of head-up tilt on mean arterial pressure, heart rate, and regional cardiac output distribution in aging rats 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramsey, Michael Wiechmann

    2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Many senescent individuals demonstrate an inability to regulate mean arterial pressure (MAP) in response to standing or head-up tilt; however, whether this aging effect is the result of depressed cardiac function or an ...

  11. Red and blue tilted tensor spectrum from Gibbons-Hawking temperature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Subhendra Mohanty; Akhilesh Nautiyal

    2015-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

    The scale invariant scalar and tensor perturbations, which are predicted from inflation, are eigenmodes in the conformal coordinates. The 'out' observer in the de Sitter space observes a thermal spectrum with a Gibbons-Hawking temperature $H/2\\pi$ of these 'Bunch-Davies' particles. The tensor power spectrum observed in experiments can have an imprint of the Gibbons-Hawking thermal distribution due to the mode mixing between 'in' state conformal coordinates and the coordinate frame of the observer. We find that the the Bunch-Davies modes appear as thermal modes to the asymptotic Minkowski observer in the future and the power spectrum of the gravitational waves is blue-tilted with a spectral index $n_T \\sim 1$ even in the standard slow-roll inflation. On the other hand if the coordinate frame of the observer is taken to be static coordinates, the tensor spectrum is red-tilted with $n_T\\sim -1$. A likelihood analysis shows and find the best fit values of the slow-roll parameters for both cases. We find that the blue-tilted tensor gives a better fit and reconciles the PLANCK upper bound on the tensor-to-scalar ratio, $r <0.11$ with BICEP2 measurement of $r=0.2$. This supports the idea of particle production due to the mode mixing between the initial Bunch-Davies vacuum modes and the asymptotic Minkowski vacuum of the post-inflation universe.

  12. Hybrid monitor for both beam position and tilt of pulsed high-current beams

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pang, J., E-mail: jpang-caep@foxmail.com; He, X.; Ma, C.; Zhao, L.; Li, Q.; Dai, Z. [Key Laboratory of Pulsed Power, Institute of Fluid Physics, CAEP, P.O. Box 919-106, Mianyang 621900 (China)

    2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A Hybrid beam monitor, integrated with both azimuthal and axial B-dot probes, was designed for simultaneous measurement of both beam position and beam angle for pulsed high-current beams at the same location in beam pipe. The output signals of axial B-dot probes were found to be mixed with signals caused by transverse position deviation. In order to eliminate the unwanted signals, an elimination method was developed and its feasibility tested on a 50-? coaxial line test stand. By this method, a waveform, shape-like to that of input current and proportional to the tilt angle, was simulated and processed by following integration step to achieve the tilt angle. The tests showed that the measurement error of displacement and tilt angle less than 0.3 mm and 1.5 mrad, respectively. The latter error could be reduced with improved probes by reducing the inductance of the axial B-dot probe, but the improvement reached a limit due to some unknown systemic mechanism.

  13. An Analysis of Source Tilting and Sub-cell Opacity Sampling for IMC

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wollaeger, Ryan T. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Urbatsch, Todd J. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Wollaber, Allan B. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Densmore, Jeffery D. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2012-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Implicit Monte Carlo (IMC) is a stochastic method for solving the radiative transfer equations for multiphysics application with the material in local thermodynamic equilibrium. The IMC method employs a fictitious scattering term that is computed from an implicit discretization of the material temperature equation. Unfortunately, the original histogram representation of the temperature and opacity with respect to the spatial domain leads to nonphysically fast propagation of radiation waves through optically thick material. In the past, heuristic source tilting schemes have been used to mitigate the numerical teleportation error of the radiation particles in IMC that cause this overly rapid radiation wave propagation. While improving the material temperature profile throughout the time duration, these tilting schemes alone do not generally alleviate the teleportation error to suitable levels. Another means of potentially reducing teleportation error in IMC is implementing continuous sub-cell opacities based on sub-cell temperature profiles. We present here an analysis of source tilting and continuous sub-cell opacity sampling applied to various discretizations of the temperature equation. Through this analysis, we demonstrate that applying both heuristics does not necessarily yield more accurate results if the discretization of the material equation is inconsistent with the Monte Carlo sub-cell transport.

  14. Ferroelectric and octahedral tilt twin disorder and the lead-free piezoelectric, sodium potassium niobate system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schiemer, Jason [Research School of Chemistry, The Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200 (Australia)] [Research School of Chemistry, The Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200 (Australia); Withers, Ray L., E-mail: withers@rsc.anu.edu.au [Research School of Chemistry, The Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200 (Australia); Liu, Yun; Yi, Zhiguo [Research School of Chemistry, The Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200 (Australia)] [Research School of Chemistry, The Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200 (Australia)

    2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Using electron diffraction, trends in the local structural behaviour of the K{sub x}Na{sub 1-x}NbO{sub 3} (KNN x) 'solid solution' system are investigated and interpreted using an order/disorder based theoretical framework. At room temperature, electron diffraction shows a single plane of transverse polarised, diffuse intensity perpendicular to [0 1 0]{sub p} Low-Asterisk (p for parent sub-structure) across the entire phase diagram, indicative of ferroelectric disorder along the [0 1 0]{sub p} direction co-existing with long range ferroelectric order along the orthogonal [1 0 0]{sub p} and [0 0 1]{sub p} directions. An additional characteristic pattern of diffuse scattering is also observed, involving rods of diffuse intensity running along the [1 0 0]{sub p}* and [0 0 1]{sub p}* directions of the perovskite sub-structure and indicative of octahedral tilt disorder about the [1 0 0]{sub p} and [0 0 1]{sub p} axes co-existing with long range ordered octahedral tilting around the [0 1 0]{sub p} direction. A possible crystal chemical explanation for the existence of this latter octahedral tilt disorder is explored through bond valence sum calculations. The possible influence of both types of disorder on the previously refined, room temperature space group/s and average crystal structure/s is examined. - Graphical abstract: [-3,0.-1]p zone axis EDP of K{sub 0.46}Na{sub 0.54}NbO{sub 3} indexed according to both the relevant Pcm21 space groups (no subscripts) and the parent perovskite subcell (denoted by a subscript p). Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Characterises ferroelectric and octahedral tilt disorder in the KNN solid solution. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Discusses the possible driving forces for this disorder. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Discusses the implications of this disorder for physical properties. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Discusses the effects of this disorder on powder diffraction data.

  15. Dual-frequency terahertz emission from splitting filaments induced by lens tilting in air

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, Zhelin; Chen, Yanping, E-mail: yanping.chen@sjtu.edu.cn; Yang, Liu; Yuan, Xiaohui; Liu, Feng; Chen, Min; Xu, Jianqiu; Zhang, Jie [Key Laboratory for Laser Plasmas (Ministry of Education), Department of Physics and Astronomy, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China); Sheng, Zhengming [Key Laboratory for Laser Plasmas (Ministry of Education), Department of Physics and Astronomy, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China); Department of Physics, SUPA, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow G4 0NG (United Kingdom)

    2014-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Dual-frequency terahertz radiation from air-plasma filaments produced with two-color lasers in air has been demonstrated experimentally. When a focusing lens is tilted for a few degrees, it is shown that the laser filament evolves from a single one to two sub-filaments. Two independent terahertz sources emitted from the sub-filaments with different frequencies and polarizations are identified, where the frequency of terahertz waves from the trailing sub-filament is higher than that from the leading sub-filament.

  16. Accurate measurement of relative tilt and azimuth angles in electron tomography: A comparison of fiducial marker method with electron diffraction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hayashida, Misa [National Metrology Institute of Japan, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), 1-1-1, Higashi, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8565 (Japan); Malac, Marek; Egerton, Ray F. [National Institute for Nanotechnology, 11421 Saskatchewan Drive, Edmonton T6G 2M9 (Canada); Department of Physics, University of Alberta, Edmonton T6H 2E1 (Canada); Bergen, Michael; Li, Peng [National Institute for Nanotechnology, 11421 Saskatchewan Drive, Edmonton T6G 2M9 (Canada)

    2014-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Electron tomography is a method whereby a three-dimensional reconstruction of a nanoscale object is obtained from a series of projected images measured in a transmission electron microscope. We developed an electron-diffraction method to measure the tilt and azimuth angles, with Kikuchi lines used to align a series of diffraction patterns obtained with each image of the tilt series. Since it is based on electron diffraction, the method is not affected by sample drift and is not sensitive to sample thickness, whereas tilt angle measurement and alignment using fiducial-marker methods are affected by both sample drift and thickness. The accuracy of the diffraction method benefits reconstructions with a large number of voxels, where both high spatial resolution and a large field of view are desired. The diffraction method allows both the tilt and azimuth angle to be measured, while fiducial marker methods typically treat the tilt and azimuth angle as an unknown parameter. The diffraction method can be also used to estimate the accuracy of the fiducial marker method, and the sample-stage accuracy. A nano-dot fiducial marker measurement differs from a diffraction measurement by no more than ±1°.

  17. Early structure formation from primordial density fluctuations with a blue-tilted power spectrum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hirano, Shingo; Yoshida, Naoki; Spergel, David; Yorke, Harold W

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    While observations of large-scale structure and the cosmic microwave background (CMB) provide strong constraints on the amplitude of the primordial power spectrum (PPS) on scales larger than 10 Mpc, the amplitude of the power spectrum on sub-galactic length scales is much more poorly constrained. We study early structure formation in a cosmological model with a blue-tilted PPS. We assume that the standard scale-invariant PPS is modified at small length scales as $P(k) \\sim k^{m_{\\rm s}}$ with $m_{\\rm s} > 1$. We run a series of cosmological hydrodynamic simulations to examine the dependence of the formation epoch and the characteristic mass of primordial stars on the tilt of the PPS. In models with $m_{\\rm s} > 1$, star-forming gas clouds are formed at $z > 100$, when formation of hydrogen molecules is inefficient because the intense CMB radiation destroys chemical intermediates. Without efficient coolant, the gas clouds gravitationally contract while keeping a high temperature. The protostars formed in such ...

  18. The Tilt of the Fundamental Plane: Three-quarters Structural Nonhomology, One-quarter Stellar Population

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    I. Trujillo; A. Burkert; Eric. F. Bell

    2004-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

    The variation of the mass-to-light ratios M/L of early type galaxies as function of their luminosities L is investigated. It is shown that the tilt beta=0.27 (in the B--band) of the fundamental plane relation M/L ~ L^{beta} can be understood as a combination of two effects: about one-quarter (i.e. dbeta =0.07) is a result of systematic variations of the stellar population properties with increasing luminosity. The remaining three-quarters (i.e. dbeta =0.2) can be completely attributed to nonhomology effects that lead to a systematic change of the surface brightness profiles with increasing luminosity. Consequently, the observed tilt in the K-band (beta=0.17) where stellar population effects are negligible, is explained by nonhomology effects alone. After correcting for nonhomology, the mean value of the mass-to-light ratio of elliptical galaxies (M/L_B) is 7.1+-2.8 (1 sigma scatter).

  19. Mechanical and charge transport properties of alkanethiol self-assembled monolayers on Au (111) surface: The Role of Molecular Tilt

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mulleregan, Alice; Qi, Yabing; Ratera, Imma; Park, Jeong Y.; Ashby, Paul D.; Quek, Su Ying; Neaton, J. B.; Salmeron, Miquel

    2007-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The relationship between charge transport and mechanical properties of alkanethiol self-assembled monolayers (SAM) on Au(111) films has been investigated using an atomic force microscope with a conductive tip. Molecular tilts induced by the pressure applied by the tip cause stepwise increases in film conductivity. A decay constant {beta} = 0.57 {+-} 0.03 {angstrom}{sup -1} was found for the current passing through the film as a function of tip-substrate separation due to this molecular tilt. This is significantly smaller than the value of {approx} 1 {angstrom}{sup -1} found when the separation is changed by changing the length of the alkanethiol molecules. Calculations indicate that for isolated dithiol molecules S-bonded to hollow sites, the junction conductance does not vary significantly as a function of molecular tilt. The impact of S-Au bonding on SAM conductance is discussed.

  20. High-power, low-lateral divergence broad area quantum cascade lasers with a tilted front facet

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ahn, Sangil, E-mail: sangil.ahn@tuwien.ac.at; Schwarzer, Clemens; Zederbauer, Tobias; MacFarland, Donald C.; Detz, Hermann; Andrews, Aaron M.; Schrenk, Werner; Strasser, Gottfried [Institute for Solid State Electronics, Vienna University of Technology, 1040 Vienna (Austria)

    2014-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

    We introduce a simple technique to improve the beam quality of broad area quantum cascade lasers. Moderately tilted front facets of the laser provide suppression of higher order lateral waveguide modes. A device with a width of 60??m and a front facet angle of 17° shows a nearly diffraction limited beam profile. In addition, the peak output power and the slope efficiency of the device are increased since most of the light inside the cavity is emitted through the tilted front facet by an asymmetric light intensity distribution along the cavity.

  1. Polarization-resolved sensing with tilted fiber Bragg gratings: theory and limits of detection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bialiayeu, Aliaksandr; Albert, Jacques

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Polarization based sensing with tilted fiber Bragg grating (TFBG) sensors is analysed theoretically by two alternative approaches. The first method is based on tracking the grating transmission for two orthogonal states of linear polarized light that are extracted from the measured Jones matrix or Stokes vectors of the TFBG transmission spectra. The second method is based on the measurements along the system principle axes and polarization dependent loss (PDL) parameter, also calculated from measured data. It is shown that the frequent crossing of the Jones matrix eigenvalues as a function of wavelength leads to a non-physical interchange of the calculated principal axes; a method to remove this unwanted mathematical artefact and to restore the order of the system eigenvalues and the corresponding principal axes is provided. A comparison of the two approaches reveals that the PDL method provides a smaller standard deviation and therefore lower limit of detection in refractometric sensing. Furthermore, the pol...

  2. Three-dimensional microelectromechanical tilting platform operated by gear-driven racks

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Klody, Kelly A.; Habbit Jr., Robert D.

    2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A microelectromechanical (MEM) tiltable-platform apparatus is disclosed which utilizes a light-reflective platform (i.e. a micromirror) which is supported above a substrate by flexures which can be bent upwards to tilt the platform in any direction over an angle of generally .+-.10 degrees using a gear-driven rack attached to each flexure. Each rack is driven by a rotary microengine (i.e. a micromotor); and an optional thermal actuator can be used in combination with each microengine for initially an initial uplifting of the platform away from the substrate. The MEM apparatus has applications for optical switching (e.g. between a pair of optical fibers) or for optical beam scanning.

  3. Design, Fabrication, and Test of a Superconducting Dipole Magnet Based on Tilted Solenoids

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Caspi, S.; Dietderich, D. R.; Ferracin, P.; Finney, N. R.; Fuery, M. J.; Gourlay, S. A.; Hafalia, A. R.

    2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    It can be shown that, by superposing two solenoid-like thin windings that are oppositely skewed (tilted) with respect to the bore axis, the combined current density on the surface is 'cos-theta' like and the resulting magnetic field in the bore is a pure dipole. As a proof of principle, such a magnet was designed, built and tested as part of a summer undergraduate intern project. The measured field in the 25mm bore, 4 single strand layers using NbTi superconductor, exceeded 1 T. The simplicity of this high field quality design, void of typical wedges end-spacers and coil assembly, is especially suitable for insert-coils using High Temperature Superconducting wire as well as for low cost superconducting accelerator magnets for High Energy Physics. Details of the design, construction and test are reported.

  4. Tilt and running of cosmological observables in generalized single-field inflation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bartolo, Nicola; Matarrese, Sabino [Dipartimento di Fisica ''G. Galilei'', Università degli Studi di Padova, via Marzolo 8, I-35131 Padova (Italy); Fasiello, Matteo [Dipartimento di Fisica ''G. Occhialini'', Università degli Studi di Milano Bicocca and INFN, Sezione di Milano Bicocca, Piazza della Scienza 3, I-20126 Milano (Italy); Riotto, Antonio, E-mail: nicola.bartolo@pd.infn.it, E-mail: matteo.fasiello@mib.infn.it, E-mail: sabino.matarrese@pd.infn.it, E-mail: riotto@mail.cern.ch [INFN, Sezione di Padova, via Marzolo 8, I-35131 Padova (Italy)

    2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Employing an effective field theory approach to inflationary perturbations, we analyze in detail the effect of curvature-generated Lagrangian operators on various observables, focusing on their running with scales. At quadratic order, we solve the equation of motion at next-to-leading leading order in a generalized slow-roll approximation for a very general theory of single-field inflation. We derive the resulting power spectrum, its tilt and running. We then focus on the contribution to the primordial non-Gaussianity amplitude f{sub NL} sourced by a specific interaction term. We show that the running of f{sub NL} can be substantially larger than what dictated by the slow-roll parameters.

  5. Examining the Impact of Pad Flexibility on the Rotordynamic Coefficients of Rocker-Pivot-Pad Tilting-Pad Journal Bearings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gaines, Jennifer Elizabeth

    2014-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Measured and predicted static and dynamic load characteristics are provided for a three-pad, rocker-pivot, tilting-pad journal bearing in the load-between-pad orientation. The bearing has the following characteristics: 3 pads, .50 pad pivot offset...

  6. Rotordynamic coefficients for a load-between-pad, flexible-pivot tilting pad bearing at high loads

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hensley, John Eric

    2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The dynamic and static performance of a flexure-pivot tilting pad bearing is presented at a load between pad configuration for various load and speed combinations. A similar work performed on the same bearing at lower loads ranging from 0-1 MPa (0...

  7. Dynamic and Static Characteristics of a Rocker-Pivot, Tilting-Pad Bearing with 50% and 60% Offsets.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kulhanek, Chris David

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Static performance and rotordynamic coefficients are provided for a rocker-pivot, tilting-pad journal bearing with 50 and 60 percent offset pads in a load-between-pad configuration. The bearing uses leading-edge-groove lubrication and has...

  8. Tilted Brownian Ratchet for DNA Analysis Lotien Richard Huang, Edward C. Cox, Robert H. Austin,*, and James C. Sturm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tilted Brownian Ratchet for DNA Analysis Lotien Richard Huang, Edward C. Cox, Robert H. Austin of fractionation of 100-kb DNA molecules in Brownian ratchet arrays. In our device, the electrophoretic flow a higher fraction of the diffusing molecules is "ratcheted" at each step in the array. Molecules of lengths

  9. Influence of a longitudinal and tilted vibration on stability and dewetting of a liquid film S. Shklyaev,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khenner, Mikhail

    that the viscosity is important only in a thin boundary layer near the rigid wall 5,6 . This approximation works well or a tilted vibration. Using a multiscale technique we split the film motion into the oscillatory essential for the oscillatory motion. Applying the lubrication approximation for the averaged motion we

  10. Experimental frequency-dependent rotordynamic coefficients for a load-on-pad, high-speed, flexible-pivot tilting-pad bearing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rodriguez Colmenares, Luis Emigdio

    2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis provides experimental frequency dependent stiffness and damping coefficient results for a high-speed, lightly loaded, flexible-pivot tilting-pad bearing, with a load-on-pad configuration. Test conditions include four shaft speeds (6000...

  11. Static characteristics and rotordynamic coefficients of a four-pad tilting-pad journal bearing with ball-in-socket pivots in load-between-pad configuration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harris, Joel Mark

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Static characteristics and rotordynamic coefficients were experimentally determined for a four-pad tilting-pad journal bearing with ball-in-socket pivots in loadbetween- pad configuration. A frequency-independent [M]-[C]-[K] model fit...

  12. vy physical work). Some white-collar jobs may share these characteris-tics, but these factors overwhelmingly tilt toward blue-collar occupations.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holsinger, Kent

    overwhelmingly tilt toward blue-collar occupations. Often blue-collar jobs tend to be dirty, dangerous, and of a confiscated driver's license. Loaning money and covering for behav- ioral problems are also not uncommon. Some

  13. Unique determination of the -CN group tilt angle in Langmuir monolayers using sum-frequency polarization null angle and phase

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Velarde Ruiz Esparza, Luis A.; Wang, Hongfei

    2013-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The relative phase and amplitude ratio between the ssp and ppp polarization combinations of the vibrational sum-frequency generation (SFG) response can be uniquely and accurately determined by the polarization null angle (PNA) method. In this report we show that PNA measurements of the -CN vibration in the 4-n pentyl-4'-cyanoterphenyl (5CT) Langmuir monolayer at the air/water interface yields ssp and ppp response of the same phase, while those in the 4-n-octyl-4'cyanobiphenyl (8CB) Langmuir monolayer have the opposite phase. Accordingly, the -CN group in the 5CT monolayer is tilted around 25+/-2 from the interface normal, while that in the 8CB is tilted around 57+/-2, consistent with the significant differences in the phase diagrams and hydrogen bonding SFG spectra of the two Langmuir monolayers as reported in the literature. These results also demonstrate that in SFG studies the relative phase information of the different polarization combinations, especially for the ssp and ppp, is important in the unique determination of the tilt angle and conformation of a molecular group at the interface.

  14. Simulations of dislocation pile-ups at assymetric tilt boundaries in aluminum

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Valone, Steven [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Wang, Jian M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Hoagland, Richard C [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Germann, Timothy C [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2011-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Materials deformation processes are increasingly approachable through the both conventional and accelerated molecular dynamics. In one deformation process, dislocation pile-up at a grain boundary, a greater understanding is required as to how dislocations transmit through grain boundaries, causing plastic deformation, or reflect and reconstruct the grain boundary, but with no macroscopic deformation. Here dislocation pile-ups in an alwninum bicrystal with an asymmetric tilt grain boundary are simulated atomistically, introducing effects of dislocation interactions beyond linear elastic ones. The observed responses as functions of the number of explicitly modeled dislocations and the magnitude of the applied stress are discussed. Typical conditions for the simulations consist of thermal relaxation room temperature, five active dislocations inserted within a 6.5-million-atom cell, and an additional fourteen dislocations represented within the atomistic simulation by their elastic strain fields. The dislocations are initially distributed according to linear elastic estimates of their positions in a double-ended pile-up from a chosen far-field stress. The whole cell is allowed to relax according to a procedure to be described. In the ensuing simulations, the system is propagated for some substantial period of time (lOs of ps), followed by small increments of strain. After a number of such increments, we observe all of the anticipated events. Usually several of the closest dislocations are absorbed into the grain boundary, resulting in varying amounts of reconstruction. Reflections from the boundary are common and show a strong dependence on sample thickness. Transmission events are seen on both slip systems in the other grain. The particulars of these events will be described as well.

  15. Uranium vacancy mobility at the sigma 5 symmetric tilt grain boundary in UO2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Uberuaga, Blas P. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2012-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

    An important consequence of the fissioning process occurring during burnup is the formation of fission products. These fission products alter the thermo-mechanical properties of the fuel. They also lead to macroscopic changes in the fuel structure, including the formation of bubbles that are connected to swelling of the fuel. Subsequent release of fission gases increase the pressure in the plenum and can cause changes in the properties of the fuel pin itself. It is thus imperative to understand how fission products, and fission gases in particular, behave within the fuel in order to predict the performance of the fuel under operating conditions. Fission gas redistribution within the fuel is governed by mass transport and the presence of sinks such as impurities, dislocations, and grain boundaries. Thus, to understand how the distribution of fission gases evolves in the fuel, we must understand the underlying transport mechanisms, tied to the concentrations and mobilities of defects within the material, and how these gases interact with microstructural features that might act as sinks. Both of these issues have been addressed in previous work under NEAMS. However, once a fission product has reached a sink, such as a grain boundary, its mobility may be different there than in the grain interior and predicting how, for example, bubbles nucleate within grain boundaries necessitates an understanding of how fission gases diffuse within boundaries. That is the goal of the present work. In this report, we describe atomic level simulations of uranium vacancy diffusion in the pressence of a {Sigma}5 symmetric tilt boundary in urania (UO{sub 2}). This boundary was chosen as it is the simplest of the boundaries we considered in previous work on segregation and serves as a starting point for understanding defect mobility at boundaries. We use a combination of molecular statics calculations and kinetic Monte Carlo (kMC) to determine how the mobility of uranium vacancies is altered at this particular grain boundary. Given that the diffusion of fission gases such as Xe are tied to the mobility of uranium vacancies, these results given insight into how fission gas mobility differs at grain boundaries compared to bulk urania.

  16. Atick-Witten Hagedorn Conjecture, near scale-invariant matter and blue-tilted gravity power spectrum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tirthabir Biswas; Tomi Koivisto; Anupam Mazumdar

    2014-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

    We will provide an interesting new mechanism to generate almost scale invariant seed density perturbations with a red spectrum, while keeping the gravitational wave spectrum blue-tilted in a stringy thermal contracting phase at temperatures beyond the Hagedorn temperature. This phase is often referred to as the Hagedorn phase where the free energy has been conjectured by Atick and Witten to grow more slowly than ordinary radiation. The primordial fluctuations are created by the statistical thermal fluctuations determined by the partition function, rather than quantum vacuum driven fluid dynamical fluctuations. In order for our mechanism to work we require a non-singular bouncing cosmology.

  17. Reconciliation of local and long range tilt correlations in underdoped La??xBaxCuO? (0 ? x ? 0.155)

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Bozin, Emil S. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Zhong, Ruidan [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Stony Brook Univ., Stony Brook, NY (United States); Knox, Kevin R. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Gu, Genda [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Hill, John P. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Tranquada, John M. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Billinge, Simon J. L. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Columbia Univ., New York, NY (United States)

    2015-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A long standing puzzle regarding the disparity of local and long range CuO? octahedral tilt correlations in the underdoped regime of La??xBaxCuO? is addressed by utilizing complementary neutron powder diffraction and inelastic neutron scattering (INS) approaches. Long-range and static CuO? tilt order with orthogonally inequivalent Cu-O bonds in the CuO? planes in the low temperature tetragonal (LTT) phase is succeeded on warming through the low-temperature transition by one with orthogonally equivalent bonds in the low temperature orthorhombic (LTO) phase. In contrast, the signatures of LTT-type tilts in the instantaneous local atomic structure persist on heating throughout the LTO crystallographic phase on the nanoscale, although becoming weaker as temperature increases. Analysis of the INS spectra for the x = 1/8 composition reveals the dynamic nature of the LTT-like tilt fluctuations within the LTO phase and their 3D character. The doping dependence of relevant structural parameters indicates that the magnitude of the Cu-O bond anisotropy has a maximum at x = 1/8 doping where bulk superconductivity is most strongly suppressed, suggesting that the structural anisotropy might be influenced by electron-phonon coupling and the particular stability of the stripe-ordered phase at this composition. The bond-length modulation that pins stripe order is found to be remarkably subtle, with no anomalous bond length disorder at low temperature, placing an upper limit on any in-plane Cu-O bondlength anisotropy. The results further reveal that although appreciable octahedral tilts persist through the high-temperature transition and into the high temperature tetragonal (HTT) phase, there is no significant preference between different tilt directions in the HTT regime. This study also exemplifies the importance of a systematic approach using complementary techniques when investigating systems exhibiting a large degree of complexity and subtle structural responses.

  18. Reconciliation of local and long range tilt correlations in underdoped La??xBaxCuO? (0 ? x ? 0.155)

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Bozin, Emil S.; Zhong, Ruidan; Knox, Kevin R.; Gu, Genda; Hill, John P.; Tranquada, John M.; Billinge, Simon J. L.

    2015-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A long standing puzzle regarding the disparity of local and long range CuO? octahedral tilt correlations in the underdoped regime of La??xBaxCuO? is addressed by utilizing complementary neutron powder diffraction and inelastic neutron scattering (INS) approaches. Long-range and static CuO? tilt order with orthogonally inequivalent Cu-O bonds in the CuO? planes in the low temperature tetragonal (LTT) phase is succeeded on warming through the low-temperature transition by one with orthogonally equivalent bonds in the low temperature orthorhombic (LTO) phase. In contrast, the signatures of LTT-type tilts in the instantaneous local atomic structure persist on heating throughout the LTO crystallographic phasemore »on the nanoscale, although becoming weaker as temperature increases. Analysis of the INS spectra for the x = 1/8 composition reveals the dynamic nature of the LTT-like tilt fluctuations within the LTO phase and their 3D character. The doping dependence of relevant structural parameters indicates that the magnitude of the Cu-O bond anisotropy has a maximum at x = 1/8 doping where bulk superconductivity is most strongly suppressed, suggesting that the structural anisotropy might be influenced by electron-phonon coupling and the particular stability of the stripe-ordered phase at this composition. The bond-length modulation that pins stripe order is found to be remarkably subtle, with no anomalous bond length disorder at low temperature, placing an upper limit on any in-plane Cu-O bondlength anisotropy. The results further reveal that although appreciable octahedral tilts persist through the high-temperature transition and into the high temperature tetragonal (HTT) phase, there is no significant preference between different tilt directions in the HTT regime. This study also exemplifies the importance of a systematic approach using complementary techniques when investigating systems exhibiting a large degree of complexity and subtle structural responses.« less

  19. Symmetries of migration related segments of all [001] coincidence site lattice tilt boundaries in (001) projections for all holohedral cubic materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moeck, Peter; York, Bryant W.; Browning, Nigel D.

    2014-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Utilizing bicrystallography in two dimensions (2D), the symmetries of migration related segments of Coincidence Site Lattice (CSL) boundaries are derived for projections along their [001] tilt axis in grain boundaries of crystalline materials that possess the holohedral point symmetry of the cubic system (i.e. m3m). These kinds of “edge-on” projections are typical for atomic resolution imaging of such tilt boundaries with Transmission Electron Microscopes (TEM). This fact facilitates the visual confirmation of our predictions by recently published Zcontrast scanning TEM investigations [H. Yang et al., Phil. Mag. 93 (2013) 1219] and many other TEM studies.

  20. Study of the interaction of solutes with ?5 (013) tilt grain boundaries in iron using density-functional theory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jin, Hao; Militzer, Matthias [Centre for Metallurgical Process Engineering, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 1Z4 (Canada); Elfimov, Ilya [Quantum Matter Institute, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 1Z4 (Canada)

    2014-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Substitutional alloying elements significantly affect the recrystallization and austenite-ferrite phase transformation rates in steels. The atomistic mechanisms of their interaction with the interfaces are still largely unexplored. Using density functional theory, we determine the segregation energies between commonly used alloying elements and the ?5 (013) tilt grain boundary in bcc iron. We find a strong solute-grain boundary interaction for Nb, Mo, and Ti that is consistent with experimental observations of the effects of these alloying elements on delaying recrystallization and the austenite-to-ferrite transformation in low-carbon steels. In addition, we compute the solute-solute interactions as a function of solute pair distance in the grain boundary, which suggest co-segregation for these large solutes at intermediate distances in striking contrast to the bulk.

  1. The sensitivity enhancement of tilted fibre Bragg grating sensors with polarization dependent resonant nano-scale coatings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bialiayeu, Aliaksandr

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Fibre Bragg grating sensors have emerged as a simple, inexpensive, accurate, sensitive and reliable platform, a viable alternative to the traditional bulkier optical sensor platforms. In this work we present an extensive theoretical analysis of the tilted fibre Bragg grating sensor (TFBG) with a particular focus on its polarization-dependent properties. We have developed a highly efficient computer model capable of providing the full characterization of the TFBG device in less then $3$~minutes for a given state of incident light polarization. As a result, the polarization-dependent spectral response, the field distribution at the sensor surface as well as the fine structure of particular resonances have become accessible for theoretical analysis. As a part of this computer model we have developed a blazingly fast full-vector complex mode solver, capable of handling cylindrical waveguides of an arbitrary complex refractive index profile. Along with the theoretical study we have investigated optical properties ...

  2. Crystallographically tilted and partially strain relaxed GaN grown on inclined (111) facets etched on Si(100) substrate

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ansah Antwi, K. K. [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117576 (Singapore); Institute of Materials Research and Engineering, 3 Research Link, 117602 Singapore (Singapore); Soh, C. B. [Singapore Institute of Technology, 10 Dover Drive, Singapore 138683 (Singapore); Wee, Q. [Singapore-MIT Alliance, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117576 (Singapore); Tan, Rayson J. N.; Tan, H. R. [Institute of Materials Research and Engineering, 3 Research Link, 117602 Singapore (Singapore); Yang, P. [Singapore Synchrotron Light Source, National University of Singapore, 5 Research Link, 117603 Singapore (Singapore); Sun, L. F.; Shen, Z. X. [School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Nanyang Technological University, SPMS-03-01, 21 Nanyang Link (Singapore); Chua, S. J., E-mail: elecsj@nus.edu.sg [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117576 (Singapore); Institute of Materials Research and Engineering, 3 Research Link, 117602 Singapore (Singapore); Singapore-MIT Alliance, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117576 (Singapore)

    2013-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

    High resolution X-ray diffractometry (HR-XRD), Photoluminescence, Raman spectroscopy, and Transmission electron microscope measurements are reported for GaN deposited on a conventional Si(111) substrate and on the (111) facets etched on a Si(100) substrate. HR-XRD reciprocal space mappings showed that the GaN(0002) plane is tilted by about 0.63°?±?0.02° away from the exposed Si(111) growth surface for GaN deposited on the patterned Si(100) substrate, while no observable tilt existed between the GaN(0002) and Si(111) planes for GaN deposited on the conventional Si(111) substrate. The ratio of integrated intensities of the yellow to near band edge (NBE) luminescence (I{sub YL}/I{sub NBE}) was determined to be about one order of magnitude lower in the case of GaN deposited on the patterned Si(100) substrate compared with GaN deposited on the conventional Si(111) substrate. The Raman E{sub 2}(high) optical phonon mode at 565.224?±?0.001?cm{sup ?1} with a narrow full width at half maximum of 1.526?±?0.002?cm{sup ?1} was measured, for GaN deposited on the patterned Si(100) indicating high material quality. GaN deposition within the trench etched on the Si(100) substrate occurred via diffusion and mass-transport limited mechanism. This resulted in a differential GaN layer thickness from the top (i.e., 1.8??m) of the trench to the bottom (i.e., 0.3??m) of the trench. Mixed-type dislocation constituted about 80% of the total dislocations in the GaN grown on the inclined Si(111) surface etched on Si(100)

  3. Cluster characters II: A multiplication formula Let C be a Hom-finite triangulated 2-CalabiYau category with a cluster tilting object. Under

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Cluster characters II: A multiplication formula Yann Palu Abstract Let C be a Hom categories of modules over a preprojective algebra of Dynkin type, we prove a multiplication formula for the cluster character associated with any cluster tilting object. This formula generalizes those obtained

  4. PS-wave moveout inversion for tilted TI media: A physical-modeling study Pawan Dewangan and Ilya Tsvankin , Center for Wave Phenomena, Colorado School of Mines (CSM),

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    PS-wave moveout inversion for tilted TI media: A physical-modeling study Pawan Dewangan and Ilya Tsvankin , Center for Wave Phenomena, Colorado School of Mines (CSM), Mike Batzle, Center for Rock Abuse, CSM, Kasper van Wijk, Physical Acoustics Laboratory, CSM, and Matt Haney, Center for Wave Phenomena

  5. Measurements Versus Predictions for the Static and Dynamic Characteristics of a Four-pad Rocker-pivot, Tilting-pad Journal Bearing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tschoepe, David 1987-

    2012-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Measured and predicted static and dynamic characteristics are provided for a four-pad, rocker-pivot, tilting-pad journal bearing in the load-on-pad and load-between-pad orientations. The bearing has the following characteristics: 4 pads, .57 pad...

  6. Measured and predicted rotordynamic coefficients and static performance of a rocker-pivot, tilt pad bearing in load-on-pad and load-between-pad configurations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carter, Clint Ryan

    2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis presents the static and dynamic performance data for a 5 pad tilting pad bearing in both the load-on-pad (LOP) and the load-between-pad (LBP) configurations over a variety of different loads and speeds. The bearing tested was an Orion...

  7. Strain Accommodation By Facile WO6 Octahedral Distortion and Tilting During WO3 Heteroepitaxy on SrTiO3(001)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Du, Yingge; Gu, Meng; Varga, Tamas; Wang, Chong M.; Bowden, Mark E.; Chambers, Scott A.

    2014-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, we show that compared to other BO6 octahedra in ABO3 structured perovskite oxides, the WO6 octahedra in tungsten trioxide (WO3) can withstand a much larger degree of distortion and tilting to accommodate interfacial strain, which in turn strongly impact the nucleation, structure, and defect formation during the epitaxial growth of WO3 on SrTiO3(001). A meta-stable tetragonal phase can be stabilized by epitaxy and a thickness dependent phase transition (tetragonal to monoclinic) is observed. In contrast to misfit dislocations to accommodate the interfacial stain, the facial WO6 octahedral distortion and tilting give rise to three types of planar defects that affect more than 15 monolayers from the interface. These atomically resolved, unusual interfacial defects may significantly alter the electronic, electrochromic, and mechanical properties of the epitaxial films.

  8. Magnetoresistivity and acoustoelectronic effects in a tilted magnetic field in p-Si/SiGe/Si structures with an anisotropic g factor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Drichko, I. L., E-mail: Irina.L.Drichko@mail.ioffe.ru; Smirnov, I. Yu. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Ioffe Physicotechnical Institute (Russian Federation); Suslov, A. V. [National High Magnetic Field Laboratory (United States); Mironov, O. A. [University of Warwick Science Park, Warwick SEMINANO R and D Centre (United Kingdom); Leadley, D. R. [University of Warwick Science Park, Department of Physics (United Kingdom)

    2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Magnetoresistivity {rho}{sub xx} and {rho}{sub xy} and the acoustoelectronic effects are measured in p-Si/SiGe/Si with an impurity concentration p = 1.99 x 10{sup 11} cm{sup -2} in the temperature range 0.3-2.0 K and an tilted magnetic field up to 18 T. The dependence of the effective g factor on the angle of magnetic field tilt {theta} to the normal to the plane of a two-dimensional p-Si/SiGe/Si channel is determined. A first-order ferromagnet-paramagnet phase transition is observed in the magnetic fields corresponding to a filling factor {nu} = 2 at {theta} {approx} 59{sup o}-60{sup o}.

  9. Magnetoresistivity in a tilted magnetic field in p-Si/SiGe/Si heterostructures with an anisotropic g-factor. Part II

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Drichko, I. L.; Smirnov, I. Yu., E-mail: ivan.smirnov@mail.ioffe.ru [Russian Academy of Sciences, Ioffe Physicotechnical Institute (Russian Federation); Suslov, A. V. [National High Magnetic Field Laboratory (United States); Mironov, O. A. [University of Warwick Science Park, Warwick SEMINANO R and D Centre (United Kingdom); Leadley, D. R. [University of Warwick, Department of Physics (United Kingdom)

    2012-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The magnetoresistance components {rho}xx and {rho}xy are measured in two p-Si/SiGe/Si quantum wells that have an anisotropic g-factor in a tilted magnetic field as a function of the temperature, field, and tilt angle. Activation energy measurements demonstrate the existence of a ferromagnetic-paramagnetic (F-P) transition for the sample with the hole density p = 2 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 11} cm{sup -2}. This transition is due to the crossing of the 0{up_arrow} and 1{down_arrow} Landau levels. However, in another sample with p = 7.2 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 10} cm{sup -2}, the 0{up_arrow} and 1{down_arrow} Landau levels coincide for angles {theta} = 0-70 Degree-Sign . Only for {theta} > 70 Degree-Sign do the levels start to diverge which, in turn, results in the energy gap opening.

  10. Automatic recovery of missing amplitudes and phases in tilt-limited electron crystallography of two-dimensional crystals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gipson, Bryant R.; Stahlberg, Henning [Center for Cellular Imaging and Nano Analytics (C-CINA), Biozentrum, University Basel, WRO-1058 Mattenstrasse 26, CH-4058 Basel (Switzerland); Masiel, Daniel J.; Browning, Nigel D. [Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Sciences, University of California at Davis, Davis, California 95616 (United States); Spence, John [Department of Physics, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona 85287 (United States); Mitsuoka, Kaoru [Biomedicinal Information Research Center (BIRC), National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), 2-3-26, Aomi, Koto-ku, Tokyo 135-0064 (Japan)

    2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Electron crystallography of 2D protein crystals provides a powerful tool for the determination of membrane protein structure. In this method, data is acquired in the Fourier domain as randomly sampled, uncoupled, amplitudes and phases. Due to physical constraints on specimen tilting, those Fourier data show a vast un-sampled ''missing cone'' of information, producing resolution loss in the direction perpendicular to the membrane plane. Based on the flexible language of projection onto sets, we provide a full solution for these problems with a projective constraint optimization algorithm that, for sufficiently oversampled data, produces complete recovery of unmeasured data in the missing cone. We apply this method to an experimental data set of Bacteriorhodopsin and show that, in addition to producing superior results compared to traditional reconstruction methods, full, reproducible, recovery of the missing cone from noisy data is possible. Finally, we present an automatic implementation of the refinement routine as open source, freely distributed, software that will be included in our 2dx software package.

  11. Investigation of Copper Segregation to the S5(310)/[001] Symmetric Tilt Grain Boundary (STGB) in Aluminum

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Plitzko, J.M.; Campbell, G.H.; King, W.E.; Foiles, S.M.

    1999-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The {Sigma}5 (310)/[001] symmetric tilt grain boundary (STGB) in the face centered cubic (FCC) metal aluminum with 1at% copper has been studied. The model grain boundary has been fabricated by ultra-high vacuum diffusion bonding of alloy single crystals. The segregation of the copper has been encouraged by annealing the sample after bonding at 200 C. TEM samples of this FCC-material were prepared with a new low voltage ion mill under very low angles. The atomic structure of the {Sigma}5 (310)/[001] STGB for this system was modeled with electronic structure calculations. These theoretical calculations of this interface structure indicate that the Cu atoms segregate to distinct sites at the interface. High resolution electron microscopy (HRTEM) and analytical electron microscopy including electron energy spectroscopic imaging and X-ray energy dispersive spectrometry have been used to explore the segregation to the grain boundary. The HRTEM images and the analytical measurements were performed using different kinds of microscopes, including a Philips CM300 FEG equipped with an imaging energy filter. The amount of the segregated species at the interface was quantified in a preliminary way. To determine the atomic positions of the segregated atoms at the interface, HRTEM coupled with image simulation and a first attempt of a holographic reconstruction from a through-focal series have been used.

  12. Breaking the Crowther Limit: Combining Depth-Sectioning and Tilt Tomography for High-Resolution, Wide-Field 3D Reconstructions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hovden, Robert; Jiang, Yi; Wang, Deli; Yu, Yingchao; Abruna, Hector D; Elser, Veit; Muller, David A

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    To date, high-resolution ( 6 nm) to appear blurred or missing. Here we demonstrate a three-dimensional imaging method that overcomes both these limits by combining through-focal depth sectioning and traditional tilt-series tomography to reconstruct extended objects, with high-resolution, in all three dimensions. The large convergence angle in aberration corrected instruments now becomes a benefit and not a hindrance to higher quality reconstructions. A through-focal reconstruction over a 390 nm 3D carbon support containing over one hundred dealloyed and nanoporous PtCu catalyst particles revealed with sub-nanometer detail the extensive and connected interior pore structure that is created by the dealloying instability.

  13. Observational evidence for a changing tilt of the accretion disk with respect to the orbital plane in Her X-1 over its 35 day cycle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. Klochkov; N. Shakura; K. Postnov; R. Staubert; J. Wilms; N. Ketsaris

    2007-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Analysis and interpretation of the Her X-1 X-ray light curve obtained with the ASM onbord RXTE over the period 1996 February to 2004 September is presented. We report that the features found previously in the averaged X-ray lightcurve are confirmed by the new RXTE/ASM data. In particular, anomalous dips and post-eclipse recoveries in two successive orbits in the short-on state are found to be prominent and stable details of the light curve. We argue that a change of the tilt of the accretion disk over the 35-day period is necessary to account for these features and show that our numerical model can explain such a behavior of the disk and reproduce the observed details of the light curve.

  14. Anderson-Gregory; Constable-Steven; Orcutt-John; Staudigel-Hubert; Tolstoy-Maya; Wyatt-Frank-K, Observing seafloor tilt on Axial Segment, Juan de Fuca Ridge. Eos, Transactions, American Geophysical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Menke, William

    -Frank-K, Observing seafloor tilt on Axial Segment, Juan de Fuca Ridge. Eos, Transactions, American Geophysical Union de Fuca Ridge. Geophysical Research Letters.22; 2, Pages 147-150. 1995. Baker-Edward-T; Fox eruption of Axial Volcano, Juan de Fuca Ridge. Geophysical Research Letters.26; 23, Pages 3445-3448. 1999

  15. JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE Colloque C1, supplgment au no2, Tome 40,fgvrier 1979,page C1-295 POLARIZATION MEASUREMENTS OF TWO He I TRANSITIONS USING BEAM-TILTED-FOIL EXCITATION*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    these measure- ments, for at least two transitions, to try to establish a trend through as large a foil tilt be rotated by a step- ping motor with reproducibility of axis position of 0.1'. The entrance and exit slits acquisition and experimental control have been previously described.' Nominally 5 ug/cm2 carbon foils were

  16. Project focus: Complete design of an interactive solar panel system to be situated on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Project focus: · Complete design of an interactive solar panel system to be situated on top the effective area · Two types of solar cells: · 3 panel configurations: · Real-time power output data Si panels with 30.0o tilt c) 10 CdTe panels; 38.5o tilt · Solar insolation recorder, thermometer

  17. Photovoltaic Potential and Insolation Maps (Canada) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOfRoseConcernsCompanyPCNInformationLumileds

  18. BEAM TILTED CORRELATIONS Frank Vignola

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oregon, University of

    from the modules, module temperature, ambient temperature, wind speed, incident solar radiation under standardized operation conditions (25 Celsius and 1000 watts/meter2 incident solar radiation and comprehensive solar radiation data. Specifically, these models were designed to use the National Solar Radiation

  19. Tilt generation in step-graded In{sub x}Ga{sub 1-x}As metamorphic pseudosubstrate on a singular GaAs substrate using a low-temperature grown InGaP interlayer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ghanad Tavakoli, Shahram; Hulko, Oksana; Thompson, David A. [Department of Engineering Physics, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4 L7 (Canada)

    2008-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Metamorphic pseudosubstrates of In{sub 0.42}Ga{sub 0.58}As were grown by molecular beam epitaxy using step-graded In{sub x}Ga{sub 1-x}As buffer layers grown either directly on a (001) GaAs substrate or on a GaAs substrate overgrown with a layer of low-temperature grown In{sub 0.51}Ga{sub 0.49}P (LT-InGaP). The structures were examined using x-ray reciprocal space mapping to determine the characteristics of the pseudosubstrates and buffer layers. For the sample grown on the LT-InGaP layer, the pseudosubstrate exhibited an asymmetric tilt around [110] toward the [110] direction. Weak-beam dark-field electron imaging shows an imbalance of misfit dislocations with opposite sign Burgers vector. An explanation for this tilt is given and it is suggested that it may be responsible for the improved quality of epitaxial layers grown on such pseudosubstrates.

  20. On the origins of the ice ages : insolation forcing, age models, and nonlinear climate change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huybers, Peter, 1974-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis revolves about the relationship between orbital forcing and climate variability. To place paleo and modern climate variability in context, the spectrum of temperature variability is estimated from time-scales ...

  1. Thermal analysis of the horizontal shipping container for normal conditions of transport with solar insolation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stumpfl, E.; Feldman, M.R.; Anderson, J.C.

    1993-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

    A thermal analysis of the horizontal shipping container (HSC) was performed to determine the temperatures at the outer surface of the inner container during normal conditions of transport with incident solar radiation. There are two methods by which this analysis can be performed: (1) it can be run as a steady-state problem where it is assumed that the incident solar radiation is applied to the package 24 hours per day, or (2) it can be run as a cyclic transient problem where the incident solar radiation is applied for 12 hours per day and the other 12 hours there is assumed to be no incident solar radiation. The steady-state method was initially attempted, but the temperatures determined from this analysis were judged to be significantly higher than one would find in the cyclic case. Thus, it was deemed necessary to perform a transient analysis to determine a more realistic temperature distribution within the HSC during normal conditions of transport. The heat transfer code HEATING 7.1 was used to perform these calculations. HEATING 7.1 is a heat conduction code capable of handling radiation, convection (forced and natural), and heat flux boundary conditions. Heat generation within a material is also possible with HEATING 7.1 but was not used in any of the models presented here. The models used here are one-dimensional in the radial direction.

  2. A note on the relationship between ice core methane concentrations and insolation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to increased emissions from rice paddies, mining, coal and natural gas usage, domesticated animals, biomass gas [Wang et al., 1976]) and is affected by climate (for instance, through temperature and precipitation influence on natural wetland emissions [Walter et al., 2001]). These links are most clearly

  3. Validation of the guidelines for portable meteorological instrument packages. Task IV. Development of an insolation handbook and instrumentation package

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this report is to show how the objective of developing guidelines for a solar energy related portable meteorology instrument package, under the auspices of the International Energy Agency (IEA), was carried out and preliminarily demonstrated and validated. A project to develop guidelines for such packages was initiated at IEA's Solar Heating and Cooling of Buildings Program Expert's Meeting held in Norrkoping, Sweden in February 1976. An international comparison of resultant devices was conducted on behalf of the IEA at a conference held in Hamburg, Federal Republic of Germany, in 1978. Results of the 1978 Hamburg comparison of two devices and the Swiss Mobile Solar Radiation System, using German meteorological standards, are discussed. The consensus of the IEA Task Group is that the objective of the subtask has been accomplished.

  4. opposed to 19,000 to 23,000 years in the insolation record), indicating a more compli-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Pate, in Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results, N. G. Pisias, T. R. Janecek, A. Palmer-Julson, T. H. van Andel, Eds. (Ocean Drilling Program, College Station, TX, 1995), vol. 138, pp. Exposing an elongated condensate to a single off-resonant laser beam resulted in the observation of highly

  5. The long time behavior of diffusion in tilted periodic potentials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Sep 18, 2013 ... In order to obtain more quantitative information about dynamical .... per(T),r = 1,2, denotes the space of the restriction to T of functions in Cr(R) ...

  6. Unique determination of the -CN group tilt angle in Langmuir...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    angle and phase. Abstract: The relative phase and amplitude ratio between the ssp and ppp polarization combinations of the vibrational sum-frequency generation (SFG) response...

  7. Dynamics of Tilt-based Browsing on Mobile Devices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cho, S.J.; Murray-Smith, R.

    Cho,S.J. Murray-Smith,R. Choi,C. Sung,Y. Lee,K. Kim,Y.B. CHI '07 extended abstracts on Human factors in computing systems, http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1240866.1240930 pp 1947 - 1952 ACM Press

  8. Vacuum compatible, high-speed, 2-D mirror tilt stage

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Denham; Paul E. (Crockett, CA)

    2007-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

    A compact and vacuum compatible magnetic-coil driven tiltable stage that is equipped with a high efficiency reflective coating can be employed as a scanner in EUV applications. The drive electronics for the scanner is fully in situ programmable and rapidly switchable.

  9. Concrete Tilt-up Construction on the Farm.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hobgood, Price; Kunze, Otto R.

    1957-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , dairy barns cmd poultry houses, which were collected from 23 land-grant colleges throughout the United States, showed that the walls of most farm buildings in these classificatio,ns can be constructed from 8 x 8 or 8 x 10-foot panel modules... with thicknesses of 4 to 6 inches. A sand bed covered with 4 mil polyethylene sheeting made a satisfactory casting bed. A minimum of two footing holes 8 or more inches in diameter and 30 inches deep were used to support line or end pilasters, while a minimum...

  10. ''Tilting'' the universe with the landscape multiverse: the dark flow

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mersini-Houghton, L. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, UNC, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-3255 (United States)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, UNC, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-3255 (United States); Holman, R., E-mail: mersini@physics.unc.edu, E-mail: rh4a@andrew.cmu.edu [Department of Physics, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 (United States)

    2009-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We argue that the recent observations of large scale bulk flows by Kashlinsky et al. has a natural explanation in terms of superhorizon inhomogeneities induced by nonlocal entanglement of our Hubble volume with modes and domains beyond the horizon. This entanglement gives rise to corrections to the Newtonian potential on a characteristic scale L{sub 1} {approx_equal} 10{sup 3}H{sup -1}, and it induces a dipole and quadrupole contribution in the CMB. We also show that these induced multipoles are aligned with each other, with the alignment axis normal to their plane being oriented along the preferred frame determined by the dipole. We also give other potential tests of our hypothesis.

  11. Performance of the MROI fast tip-tilt correction system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Young, John; Buscher, David; Fisher, Martin; Haniff, Christopher; Rea, Alexander; Seneta, Eugene; Sun, Xiaowei; Wilson, Donald; Farris, Allen; Olivares, Andres

    2014-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    runs in ordinary Linux. The application communicates with sensors (either analogue voltage or I 2 C types) and a heater via two USB-driven Labjack U3 boards. The control/display GUI provides a graphical user interface for commanding the system... and its CPU sit in a the temperature controlled rack #22; cabinet #16;Q5#17; #22; within the telescope enclosure. A separate services interface plate (top right) manages the dry air and cooling water for the system and includes manual valves and a flow...

  12. File:NREL-africa-tilt.pdf | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdf Jump to: navigation,SizeEthiopiametstak.pdfMFSA06-2012Afghanistan -PDF)Plate

  13. File:NREL-asia-tilt.pdf | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdf Jump to:ar-80m.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File historytilt.pdf Jump

  14. An acoustic wave equation for modeling in tilted TI media

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office511041cloth DocumentationProductsAlternative FuelsSanta FeAuthorization| Iron is|

  15. Regional characteristics, tilt domains, and extensional history of the Late

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries Pvt Ltd Jump to: navigation, searchRayreviewAl., 2005) |RGGI JumpCenozoic Basin and

  16. PASSOLAR: a program library for estimating the annual performance of passive solar buildings with programmable calculators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Graeff, R.W.

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Passive Solar Design Handbook, Volume 2, by J. Douglas Balcomb et al. describes in detail a method by which the performance of passive solar buildings can be estimated with the help of handheld calculators and a great number of tables and charts. PASSOLAR consists of a number of programs in the form of magnetic cards, which contain this method together with all the charts and tables. This reduces the necessary time to estimate the annual performance of direct gain, Trombe wall or water wall systems from hours to minutes. PASSOLAR allows the use of additional algorithms for the calculating of the insolation on the tilted surface and of shading effects.

  17. Stellar and Planetary Properties of K2 Campaign 1 Candidates and Validation of 18 Systems, Including a Planet Receiving Earth-like Insolation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Montet, Benjamin T; Foreman-Mackey, Daniel; Johnson, John Asher; Hogg, David W; Bowler, Brendan P; Latham, David W; Bieryla, Allyson; Mann, Andrew W

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The extended Kepler mission, K2, is now providing photometry of new fields every three months in a search for transiting planets. In a recent study, Foreman-Mackey and collaborators presented a list of 36 planet candidates orbiting 31 stars in K2 Campaign 1. In this contribution, we present stellar and planetary properties for all systems. We combine ground-based seeing-limited survey data and adaptive optics imaging with an automated transit analysis scheme to validate 18 candidates as planets and identify 6 candidates as likely false positives. Of particular interest is EPIC 201912552, a bright (K=8.9) M2 dwarf hosting a 2.24 \\pm 0.25 Earth radius planet with an equilibrium temperature of 271 \\pm 16 K and an orbital period of 33 days. We also present two new open-source software packages that enabled this analysis: isochrones, a flexible tool for fitting theoretical stellar models to observational data to determine stellar properties, and vespa, a new general-purpose procedure to calculate false positive pr...

  18. Designing PV Incentive Programs to Promote Performance: A Review of Current Practice in the U.S.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barbose, Galen; Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    measurements of solar insolation and power output, and caneach system’s AC power output, solar insolation, and windof each system’s AC power output, solar insolation, and wind

  19. Designing PV Incentive Programs to Promote System Performance: A Review of Current Practice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barbose, Galen; Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    measurements of solar insolation and power output, and caneach system’s AC power output, solar insolation, and windof each system’s AC power output, solar insolation, and wind

  20. Technoeconomic Analysis of Photoelectrochemical (PEC)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .......................................... 29 3.5 Solar Insolation ....................................................... 34 3.5.3 Type 4 Tracking Concentrator System Insolation .................................................. 37 3.6 Solar Shadowing

  1. An Intelligent Solar Powered Battery Buffered EV Charging Station with Solar Electricity Forecasting and EV Charging Load Projection Functions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Hengbing; Burke, Andrew

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    solar insolation and the solar panel characteristics. Theinsolation on the assigned solar panel for a clear sky wassolar insolation on the solar panel varies with the change

  2. The long time behavior of Brownian motion in tilted periodic potentials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liang Cheng

    2015-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Jan 6, 2015 ... In order to obtain more quantitative information about dynamical behaviors, we .... 2. Convergence of long time average velocity VF for the ...

  3. Tilting at windmills: the worldly conditions of authorship and textual criticism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Creamer, Maureen Louise

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    pure sense, of composite author- ship . . . often guided or directed or controlled by other people while the author is in the process of trying to make it take shape, as it is throughout its textual history" (Thorpe 30). Although it is not clear... and the "initiating mind" of literature hinges upon the idea that every stage of the development of literature ? from inkling, to idea, to sentence, to manuscript ? occurs entirely protected from the influence of other people. McGann merely hints at the social...

  4. SMIA Geneva September 2005 "Towards the Eco-design of a tilting train in Korea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Life Cycle System Bastien Ecabert, Martyn Wakeman, Jan-Anders Manson, Laboratoire de Technologie des

  5. Memory of the Unjamming Transition during Cyclic Tiltings of a Granular Pile

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stephanie Deboeuf; Olivier Dauchot; Lydie Staron; Anne Mangeney; Jean-Pierre Vilotte

    2005-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Discrete numerical simulations are performed to study the evolution of the micro-structure and the response of a granular packing during successive loading-unloading cycles, consisting of quasi-static rotations in the gravity field between opposite inclination angles. We show that internal variables, e.g., stress and fabric of the pile, exhibit hysteresis during these cycles due to the exploration of different metastable configurations. Interestingly, the hysteretic behaviour of the pile strongly depends on the maximal inclination of the cycles, giving evidence of the irreversible modifications of the pile state occurring close to the unjamming transition. More specifically, we show that for cycles with maximal inclination larger than the repose angle, the weak contact network carries the memory of the unjamming transition. These results demonstrate the relevance of a two-phases description -strong and weak contact networks- for a granular system, as soon as it has approached the unjamming transition.

  6. STEADY NATURAL CONVECTION IN A TILTED LONG CYLINDRICAL ENVELOPE WITH LATERAL ADIABATIC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Tianshou

    authors are [13, 14]. In [13], the fluid flow in a horizontal tube with two ends at different temperatures the flow pattern in a practical tube because of the large temperature dif- ference between the cold length=diameter ratio is 9. This is supposed to be a simplified model for the pulse tube in a pulse-tube

  7. To Tilt Your Head or Not To: Potentially Bijoy K. Ghosh and Indika Wijayasinghe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghosh, Bijoy K.

    heading directions, as a simple mechanical control system. Head movements obey Donders' constraint (as Systems, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas, USA indika.wijayasinghe@ttu.edu the control of eye treatment of the topic in the framework of modern control theory and geometric mechanics. Assuming the eye

  8. Human perception and control of vehicle roll tilt in hyper-gravity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clark, Torin Kristofer

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Pilots and astronauts experience a range of altered gravity environments in which they must maintain accurate perception and control of vehicle orientation for tasks such as landing and docking. To study sensorimotor ...

  9. automated sequential tilt-series: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Sciences Websites Summary: Sequential Consistency for Heterogeneous-Race-Free DEREK R. HOWER, BRADFORD M. BECKMANN, BENEDICT R: Sequential Consistency for Data-Race-Free (SC for...

  10. The tilted trajectory of public art : New York City, 1979 - 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Earl, Samantha C

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis explores the relationship between urban planning and public art, and questions the efficacy of past and current models, whilst pushing us to develop new ones. It strives to glean the most salient issues universal ...

  11. active tilting-pad journal: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and Ecology Websites Summary: , Journal of Aging and Physical Activity8 9 April, 201110 11 12 13 Richard A. Dunn, W. Douglass Shaw Mouton, 2003) and the role of weather on...

  12. Emergent and reentrant fractional quantum Hall effect in trilayer systems in a tilted magnetic field

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gusev, Guennady

    field G. M. Gusev,1 S. Wiedmann,2,3 O. E. Raichev,4 A. K. Bakarov,5 and J. C. Portal2,3,6 1Instituto de Physics, Novosibirsk 630090, Russia 6 Institut Universitaire de France, 75005 Paris, France Received 28

  13. Levitating Drop in a Tilted Rotating Tank - Gallery of Fluid Motion Entry V044

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    White, Andrew; Ward, Thomas

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A cylindrical acrylic tank with inner diameter D = 4 in. is mounted such that its axis of symmetry is at some angle measured from the vertical plane. The mixing tank is identical to that described in [1] The tank is filled with 200 mL of 1000 cSt silicone oil and a 5 mL drop of de-ionized water is placed in the oil volume. The water drop is allowed to come to rest and then a motor rotates the tank about its axis of symmetry at a fixed frequency = 0.3 Hz. Therefore the Reynolds number is ?xed at about Re ~ 5 yielding laminar flow conditions. A CCD camera (PixeLink) is used to capture video of each experiment.

  14. Tilting at Modern: Elizabeth Gordon's "The Threat to the Next America"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Corbett, Kathleen LaMoine

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    philosophy Gordon, ?The Threat to the Next America,?129.Advertisement for “The Threat to the Next America,” Business121. Figure 27. “The Threat to the Next America” carried a

  15. 'Tilted' Industrial Electric Rates: A New Negative Variable for Energy Engineers 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenwood, R. W.

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The cost of purchased electricity for industry is rising even faster than for other sectors. Conventional means of reducing power costs include internal techniques like load management, demand controls and energy conservation. External mechanisms...

  16. Seismic evidence for a tilted mantle plume and north^south mantle ow beneath Iceland

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Yang

    , or hotspots, are maintained by long-lived upwelling of warm material from the lower mantle through narrow; accepted 25 January 2002 Abstract Shear waves converted from compressional waves at mantle discontinuities

  17. Analysis of flexure pivot tilting pad gas bearings with different damper configurations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rimpel, Aaron Michael

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    blowers, turbo compressors, micro-gas turbines, auxiliary power units, etc., that have uses for automotive, aerospace, and fuel cell industries, to name a few [1-4]. Oil-free lubrication is cleaner (i.e. less pollution; more environment-friendly), more...

  18. Hole-mask colloidal nanolithography combined with tilted-angle-rotation evaporation: A versatile method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Braun, Paul

    ]. In hybrid solar cells and organic light emitting diodes, plasmonic nanostructures enhanced the efficiency, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, 312E MSEB, MC-246, 1304 W. Green Street, Urbana, Illinois 61801 to concentrate light on subwavelength scales has led to a plethora of fundamental investigations. Initially

  19. PHYSICAL REVIEW B 85, 184101 (2012) Octahedral tilting in strained LaVO3 thin films

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    -Zentrum Berlin f¨ur Materialien und Energie GmbH, BESSY, Albert-Einstein-Strasse 15, 12489 Berlin, Germany rotations in a LaVO3 thin film is investigated using synchrotron radiation. First, we find that the film

  20. Revisiting Hydrophobic Mismatch with Free Energy Simulation Studies of Transmembrane Helix Tilt and Rotation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Taehoon; Im, Wonpil

    2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Protein-lipid interaction and bilayer regulation of membrane protein functions are largely controlled by the hydrophobic match between the transmembrane (TM) domain of membrane proteins and the surrounding lipid bilayer. To systematically...

  1. Tilting the mirror : packaging "Spanish" architecture in late nineteenth century California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Díaz-Borioli, Leonardo, 1974-

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In 1893 at Chicago's World Columbian Exposition, California devoted a great deal of resources to its promotion through a pavilion that spelled out a construct about California's "Spanish" past. This supposed history got ...

  2. Tilting Modules for the Current Algebra Associated to a Simple Lie Algebra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bennett, Matthew Lyle

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    reciprocity for the current algebras, arXiv:1106.0347. [5]cells of quantum affine algebras, Duke Math. J. 123 (2004),2, 335-402. [8] N. Bourbaki, Algebra I, Ch. II, 2 nd ed. ,

  3. A tilt rotor UAV for long endurance operations in remote environments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    VanderMey, Josiah T

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Extended mission times will greatly expand the utility of small UAVs that are currently limited to a single flight lasting no more than a few hours. This thesis assesses the challenges to developing a small, long endurance ...

  4. Tilting Modules for the Current Algebra Associated to a Simple Lie Algebra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bennett, Matthew Lyle

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    +1 , in preparation. [3] M. Bennett, V. Chari, R. Dolbin and34 (2011), 1–18. [4] M. Bennett, V. Chari, and N. ManningarXiv:1106.0347. [5] M. Bennett, V. Chari, J. Greenstein and

  5. Panel designs and tilting equipment for tiltup concrete construction of farm structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giesecke, Raymond Clayton

    1955-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    atxibetcd err apy17ta~ 75 @or o. at ot tho b"co tM t5 lcm' cccIt at tM tope ?ho vcrtteA. c ~nto dao to ntrd tJcaa and ~~cotta~ acos cad d d xo:da aro faced h7 tthhg tbo aa==tQn of ca nto aboet tho boca of c=ch a&i "w=aMoa of;~to ahoj"t V 0 1 530 (6...

  6. 'Tilted' Industrial Electric Rates: A New Negative Variable for Energy Engineers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenwood, R. W.

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    policies on the use of coal and nuclear power. As a result, electricity began taking larger chunks out of household budgets and industry's operating costs -- even though in real, inflation adjusted dollars it barely increased at all. Residential...

  7. Tilting at Modern: Elizabeth Gordon's "The Threat to the Next America"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Corbett, Kathleen LaMoine

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    an example of a house that used passive solar heating, andbest houses of the future,? primary among them passive solarHouse I Would Like to Live In After the War,? 31. encouraged passive

  8. Mapping misorientation and crystallographic tilt in GaN layers via polychromatic microdiffraction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    coefficients between GaN and the substrate. Understandingpenetrate both the GaN layer and the substrate. Two samplespattern from the GaN layer and the substrate on a charge-

  9. Microsoft Word - Tilted-Rig-TP-Definition-Version1-Aug-14-2012A...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Case 110 is chosen as the source for the present test problem as the fluids have low surface tension (unlike Case 115) due the addition of a surfactant, the asymmetry small...

  10. K'-Theory of a Cohen-Macaulay Local Ring with n-Cluster Tilting Object

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Navkal, Viraj

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    K-Theory of Additive and ExactK-Theory of CMLocalization for the K-theory of noncommutative rings. ” AMS

  11. File:NREL-afg-10km-tilt.pdf | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdf Jump to: navigation,SizeEthiopiametstak.pdfMFSA06-2012Afghanistan - Annual

  12. File:NREL-bhutan-10kmsolar-tilt.pdf | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdf Jump to:ar-80m.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File Filedni.pdf

  13. Microsoft Word - Tilted-Rig-TP-Definition-Version1-Aug-14-2012A.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHighandSWPA / SPRA / USACE625 FINALOptimization ofIDM UID:9,5NAD + andTest

  14. 6I).-TIEE TENCII RECORUITlENDED P O R CULTIIVATION I N SWEDEN. ]By FIEIY TILtYICLQRI.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    as a fish of little value, and as not being s wholesome wticle of food, and consequently it does not sell that it often sells at :is high a price as the carp, but generally tench costs about two-thirds of the price in clear, ruming water for five or six clays it will almost cntircly lose this flavor. ?O.-NEW ENGLAND

  15. Interlayer interference in double wells in a tilted magnetic field G. M. Gusev, C. A. Duarte, and T. E. Lamas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gusev, Guennady

    , Brazil A. K. Bakarov Institute of Semiconductor Physics, Novosibirsk 630090, Russia J. C. Portal GHMFL

  16. Emergent fractional quantum Hall effect at even denominator = 3/2 in a triple quantum well in tilted magnetic fields

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gusev, Guennady

    ,2,3, G. M. Gusev4, A. K. Bakarov5, and J. C. Portal2,3 1 Radboud University Nijmegen, Institute~ao Paulo, SP, Brazil 5 Institute of Semiconductor Physics, Novosibirsk 630090, Russia E-mail: s

  17. Comments on a paper tilted `The sea transport of vitrified high-level radioactive wastes: Unresolved safety issues`

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sprung, J.L.; McConnell, P.E.; Nigrey, P.J.; Ammerman, D.J. [and others

    1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The cited paper estimates the consequences that might occur should a purpose-built ship transporting Vitrified High Level Waste (VHLW) be involved in a severe collision that causes the VHLW canisters in one Type-B package to spill onto the floor of a major ocean fishing region. Release of radioactivity from VHLW glass logs, failure of elastomer cask seals, failure of VHLW canisters due to stress corrosion cracking (SCC), and the probabilities of the hypothesized accident scenario, of catastrophic cask failure, and of cask recovery from the sea are all discussed.

  18. PHYSICAL REVIEW B 84, 165423 (2011) Theory and hierarchical calculations of the structure and energetics of [0001] tilt grain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    method to exfoliate graphene sheets from graphite crystals1 is, in general, found to provide perfect, defect-free graphene sheets over large length scales, but exfoliation is not suitable for large

  19. Unraveling Deterministic Mesoscopic Polarization Switching Mechanisms: Spatially Resolved Studies of a Tilt Grain Boundary in Bismuth Ferrite

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rodriguez, Brian [University College, Dublin; Choudhury, S [Pennsylvania State University; Chu, Y. -H. [National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu, Taiwan; Bhattacharyya, Abishek [Lehigh University, Bethlehem, PA; Jesse, Stephen [ORNL; Seal, Katyayani [ORNL; Baddorf, Arthur P [ORNL; Ramesh, R. [University of California, Berkeley; Chen, L. Q. [Pennsylvania State University; Kalinin, Sergei [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL)

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The deterministic mesoscopic mechanism of ferroelectric domain nucleation is probed at a single atomically-defined model defect: an artificially fabricated bicrystal grain boundary (GB) in an epitaxial bismuth ferrite film. Switching spectroscopy piezoresponse force microscopy (SS-PFM) is used to map the variation of local hysteresis loops at the GB and in its immediate vicinity. It is found that the the influence of the GB on nucleation results in a slight shift of the negative nucleation bias to larger voltages. The mesoscopic mechanisms of domain nucleation in the bulk and at the GB are studied in detail using phase-field modeling, elucidating the complex mechanisms governed by the interplay between ferroelectric and ferroelastic wall energies, depolarization fields, and interface charge. The combination of phase-field modeling and SS-PFM allows quantitative analysis of the mesoscopic mechanisms for polarization switching, and hence suggests a route for unraveling the mechanisms of polarization switching at a single defect level and ultimately optimizing materials properties through microstructure engineering.

  20. Spatially Resolved Polarization Switching near a Planar Defect by Design: Mesoscopic Mechanisms at Tilt Grain Boundary in Bismuth Ferrite

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rodriguez, Brian J [ORNL; Choudhury, S [Pennsylvania State University; Chu, Y. H. [University of California, Berkeley; Bhattacharyya, Abishek [Lehigh University, Bethlehem, PA; Jesse, Stephen [ORNL; Seal, Katyayani [ORNL; Baddorf, Arthur P [ORNL; Ramesh, R. [University of California, Berkeley; Chen, Long-Qing [Pennsylvania State University; Kalinin, Sergei V [ORNL

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The effect of microstructure on ferroelectric domain nucleation in epitaxial bismuth ferrite was probed at a single atomically-defined defect: an artificially fabricated model bicrystal grain boundary (GB). Switching Spectroscopy Piezoresponse Force Microscopy is used to map the variation of local hysteresis loops at the grain boundary and its immediate vicinity. We found the influence of the GB on nucleation to be relatively weak, resulting in a slight shift of the negative nucleation bias to higher (negative) voltages. The mesoscopic mechanisms of grain boundary effect on local polarization switching are studied in detail using phase field modeling, elucidating the complex mechanisms governed by the interplay between ferroelectric and ferroelastic wall energies, depolarization fields, and interface charge. The combination of phase field modeling and SS-PFM allows quantitative analysis of mesoscopic mechanisms for polarization switching, and hence suggests a route for optimizing materials properties through microstructure optimization.

  1. Summary of EPIC-2001 Rain Map Files EPIC Rainmap files were generated using all surveillance scans (3 tilt, full PPI)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rutledge, Steven

    information about the rain map cartesian grid and data values of radar reflectivity (dBZ) and rain rate (mm hrSummary of EPIC-2001 Rain Map Files EPIC Rainmap files were generated using all surveillance scans of the surveillance radar scan in UTC. The gif file (1) shows a 1-km height map (CAPPI) of rainfall intensity (mm hr-1

  2. The 2007 eruptions and caldera collapse of the Piton de la Fournaise volcano (La Runion Island) from tilt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barruol, Guilhem

    , 1960; Battaglia et al., 2000; Battaglia and Bachèlery, 2003; Marchetti et al., 2009]. However, caldera. Battaglia et al. [2000] already showed that RER station displays clear ultra long period signals related

  3. Effects of head-up tilt on mean arterial pressure, heart rate, and regional cardiac output distribution in aging rats

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramsey, Michael Wiechmann

    2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    on Mean Arterial Pressure, Heart Rate, and Regional Cardiac Output Distribution in Aging Rats. (December 2005) Michael Wiechmann Ramsey, B.S.; M.A., Sam Houston State University Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. Michael Delp Many senescent... to extend my gratitude to my friends as well as the faculty and staff that have supported me throughout my studies at Texas A&M University. Thanks also to Dr. Gary Oden who helped instill a love and appreciation of Exercise Physiology. A special thanks...

  4. Dark Shadows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Andrew

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2010. Quantifying PV power Output Variability. Solar Energysolar insolation meters and similarly sited wind anemometers (scaled to create a time series of wind power output)Power Systems Clouds can cause significant ramps in solar insolation and PV plant output

  5. Understanding Variability and Uncertainty of Photovoltaics for Integration with the Electric Power System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Andrew

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    solar insolation meters and similarly sited wind anemometers (scaled to create a time series of wind power output)Power Systems Clouds can cause significant ramps in solar insolation and PV plant output

  6. Transmission Power Management for Wireless Health Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amini, Navid

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Characterization of Smart Insoles Wireless Communications .. 65   5.2.1 Effect of Packet Size on Battery

  7. A LEO-Based Solar-Shade System to Mitigate Global Warming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rahul Suresh; Andrew Meulenberg

    2015-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The development of a Low-Earth-Orbit (LEO) based solar-shade system, as part of a technically- and financially-viable multipurpose system to provide long-term solutions to global warming and the energy crisis is discussed. The proposed solar-shade and power system would be enabled by the development of a previously-proposed less-expensive, environment-friendly, space-elevator system to lift mass into space. The solar shades, even during their early deployment and growth in LEO, would provide benefits such as reduction of space-debris and depletion of the Van Allen radiation belts.The Terrestrial temperature profile has been approximated for each latitudinal zone with a one-dimensional model. A shade ring at an altitude of 2000-4000 km, consisting of thin-film mega panels totaling up to 4% of the earths surface area (to block ~1% of insolation), is proposed. The effects of such near-polar rings on the global temperature pattern has been examined using the simple model. Specific emphasis has been laid on this effect in the Polar Regions. One such proposed ring could reduce the peak summer temperature of the Polar Regions (80-90 degree latitude) by almost 3K. The tilting of the solar-shades, to reduce their cooling effect at the poles and to increase it in the near-polar regions, is recommended.

  8. Regional Per Capita Solar Electric Footprint for the United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Denholm, P.; Margolis, R.

    2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this report, we quantify the state-by-state per-capita 'solar electric footprint' for the United States. We use state-level data on population, electricity consumption, economic activity and solar insolation, along with solar photovoltaic (PV) array packing density data to develop a range of estimates of the solar electric footprint. We find that the solar electric footprint, defined as the land area required to supply all end-use electricity from solar photovoltaics, is about 181 m2 per person in the United States. Two key factors that influence the magnitude of the state-level solar electric footprint include how industrial energy is allocated (based on location of use vs. where goods are consumed) and the assumed distribution of PV configurations (flat rooftop vs. fixed tilt vs. tracking). The solar electric footprint is about 0.6% of the total land area of the United States with state-level estimates ranging from less than 0.1% for Wyoming to about 9% for New Jersey. We also compare the solar electric footprint to a number of other land uses. For example, we find that the solar electric footprint is equal to less than 2% of the land dedicated to cropland and grazing in the United States.

  9. Two-dimensional model of the air flow and temperature distribution in a cavity-type heat receiver of a solar stirling engine

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Makhkamov, K.K.; Ingham, D.B.

    1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A theoretical study on the air flow and temperature in the heat receiver, affected by free convection, of a Stirling Engine for a Dish/Stirling Engine Power System is presented. The standard {kappa}-{epsilon} turbulence model for the fluid flow has been used and the boundary conditions employed were obtained using a second level mathematical model of the Stirling Engine working cycle. Physical models for the distribution of the solar insolation from the Concentrator on the bottom and side walls of the cavity-type heat receiver have been taken into account. The numerical results show that most of the heat losses in the receiver are due to re-radiation from the cavity and conduction through the walls of the cavity. It is in the region of the boundary of the input window of the heat receiver where there is a sensible reduction in the temperature in the shell of the heat exchangers and this is due to the free convection of the air. Further, the numerical results show that convective heat losses increase with decreasing tilt angle.

  10. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH, VOL. 100, NO. 84, PAGES 6313-6327, APRIL 10, 1995 Far-field tilting of Laurentia during the Ordovician

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goddard III, William A.

    JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH, VOL. 100, NO. 84, PAGES 6313-6327, APRIL 10, 1995 Far continent Bernard Coakley1 Department of Geology and Geophysics, University of Wisconsin, Madison Michael Observatory, Palisades, New York. Copyright 1995 by the American Geophysical Union. Paper number 941B02916

  11. Static, Rotordynamic, and Thermal Characteristics of a Four Pad Spherical-Seat Tilting Pad Journal Bearing with Four Methods of Directed Lubrication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coghlan, David

    2014-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Static, dynamic, and thermal characteristics (measured and predicted) are presented for a 4-pad, spherical-seat, TPJB with 0.5 pivot offset, 0.6 L/D, 101.6 mm nominal diameter, and 0.3 preload in the LBP orientation. One bearing is tested four...

  12. Structural geology of the Huldra Field, northern North Sea--a major tilted fault block at the eastern edge of the Horda Platform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fossen, Haakon

    at the eastern edge of the Horda Platform Haakon Fossena,*, Jonny Hesthammera , Tord Erlend Skeie Johansena of the Viking Graben in the northern North Sea. Unlike the rest of the Horda Platform area, the Jurassic section of the Horda Platform after relief along the eastern margin of the Viking Graben built up in early parts

  13. Modern stalagmite oxygen isotopic composition and its implications of climatic change from a high-elevation cave in the eastern Qinghai-Tibet Plateau over the past 50 years

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    appeared in southern China, where solar insolation decreaseddicate that the solar radiation in China monsoon regions isdownwelling surface solar radiation in China from National

  14. Springtime transitions of NO2, CO, and O3 over North America: Model evaluation and analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chance, Kelly

    . The solar input energizes photochemical and meteorological process- es directly by increasing radical and dynamical conditions of the atmosphere. These changes are driven primarily by increasing solar insolation

  15. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    activity allows students the opportunity to explore materials used in architectural engineering and gain an understanding of their insolating properties. Students will research,...

  16. High-Efficiency Solar Cogeneration with TPV & Fiber-Optic Daylighting...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    technologies to maximize energy generation & energy efficiency from the building's solar insolation resources. Project presents a novel, low-cost approach to mitigate...

  17. Understanding Variability and Uncertainty of Photovoltaics for Integration with the Electric Power System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Andrew

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    aggregate of all wind and solar plants. Integration studiesramps in solar insolation and PV plant output The output ofwill allow solar energy from PV plants to reach significant

  18. Dark Shadows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Andrew

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    aggregate of all wind and solar plants. Integration studiesramps in solar insolation and PV plant output The output ofwill allow solar energy from PV plants to reach significant

  19. Selling Random Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bitar, Eilyan Yamen

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ramps in wind or solar power output, the system operatorin solar insolation and subsequent electric power output.and solar power density to manage the corresponding output

  20. Designing PV Incentive Programs to Promote Performance: A Review of Current Practice in the U.S.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barbose, Galen; Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    energy Acceptance tests involve measurements of solar insolation and power output, and can also include measurements of ambient temperature and wind

  1. Analyzing and simulating the variability of solar irradiance and solar PV powerplants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lave, Matthew S.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Optimum tilt of a solar collector, Solar & Wind Technology,and orientation for solar collector in Brunei Darussalam,Optimum tilt angle for solar collectors. , Energy Sources,

  2. Optimum fixed orientations and benefits of tracking for capturing solar radiation in the continental United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lave, Matthew; Kleissl, Jan

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Optimum tilt of a solar collector, Solar & Wind Technology.and orientation for solar collector in Brunei Darussalam,Optimum tilt angle for solar collectors, Energy Sources.

  3. Coastal-inland solar radiation difference study. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bach, W.D. Jr.; Vukovich, F.M.

    1980-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this study was to quantify the characteristics of solar insolation in the coastal zone and to determine the effect of the sea breeze circulation on the global insolation. In order to satisfy these objectives, a six station sampling network was established in the coastal plain of southeastern North Carolina, where previous evidence has indicated that the sea breeze circulation is almost a daily occurrence from late May through October. Three sites (Sloop Point, Onslow Beach, and Cape Fear Technical Institute (CFTI)) were located near the coast (coastal sites) to assess the insolation at the coast. A site (Clinton) was located in an area seldom affected by the sea breeze (about 100 km from the coast). Two additional sites, Wallace and Ellis Airport, located between the coastal sites and the control site, were to be used to assess the transient impact of the sea breeze upon the insolation. Pyranometers were located at each site to measure the global insolation. Direct normal insolation measured by a pyrheliometer and ultraviolet radiation measured by uv radiometers were observed at the Sloop Point and Clinton sites only. Data were collected during the calendar year 1978. The results of the study indicated that the global insolation had greater variability over the network during the summer season (June, July, and August). During the summer, there was a systematicdiurnal variation of the difference in global insolation between the inland and the coastal sites.

  4. COMPARISON OF PROPORTIONAL AND ON/OFF SOLAR COLLECTOR LOOP CONTROL STRATEGIES USING A DYNAMIC COLLECTOR MODEL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schiller, Steven R.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    high gain: insolation = 2292 BTU/ft 2 -da~ 7224 watt-hrs/m -low gain: insolation= 1146 BTU/ft 2-dat 3612 watt-hrs/m -day°F (46.1°C) capacitance= 0.7 BTU/ft 2-°F {14.3 kJ;m 2- 0 c)

  5. Micromachined Inertial Sensors Recent Developments at BSAC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kraft, Michael

    Applications ­ safety systems · yaw and tilt control, roll-over protection · anti-skid regulation, airbag

  6. From the University 2014 no. 11. May 30

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of electrical equipment process. Note: Confirmation of the reliability of the safety tilt switch is recommended

  7. NOAA Technical Memorandum ERL PMEL-11 CONVERSION FROM FILM TO MAGNETIC CASSETTE RECORDING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for current speed (savonius rotor), meter azimuth, current direction, and meter tilt. The modifications

  8. Advanced Photon Source Activity Report 2002 at Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL, December 2003 - contribution title:"Microdiffraction Study of Epitaxial Growth and Lattice Tilts in Oxide Films on Polycrystalline Metal Substrates"

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Budai, J.D.

    2004-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Texture, the preference for a particular crystallographic orientation in polycrystalline materials, plays an important role in controlling such diverse materials properties as corrosion resistance, recording density in magnetic media and electrical transport in superconductors [1]. Without texture, polycrystalline oxide superconductors contain many high-angle, weak-linked grain boundaries which reduce critical current densities by several orders of magnitude [2]. One approach for inducing texture in oxide superconductors has been the epitaxial growth of films on rolling-assisted biaxially-textured substrates (RABiTS) [3]. In this approach, rolled Ni foils are recrystallized under conditions that lead to a high degree of biaxial {l_brace}001{r_brace}<100> cube texture. Subsequent deposition of epitaxial oxide buffer layers (typically CeO{sub 2} and YSZ as chemical barriers) and superconducting YBCO preserves the lattice alignment, eliminating high-angle boundaries and enabling high critical current densities, J{sub c} > 10{sup 6}/cm{sup 2}. Conventional x-ray diffraction using {omega}- and {phi}-scans typically shows macroscopic biaxial texture to within {approx}5{sup o}-10{sup o} FWHM for all layers, but does not describe the local microstructural features that control the materials properties. Understanding and controlling the local texture and microstructural evolution of processes associated with heteroepitaxial growth, differential thermal contraction and cracking remain significant challenges in this complex system [4], as well as in many other technologically important thin-film applications.

  9. Shubnikov-de Haas effect in tilted magnetic fields in wide quantum well This article has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll down to see the full text article.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gusev, Guennady

    A Larkin1, Sebastian Ujevic2, S Wiedmann3, N Mamani4, G M Gusev5, A K Bakarov6 and J C Portal7 Abstract. We of Semiconductor Physics, Novosibirsk 630090, Russia 7 Laboratoire National des Champs Magn´etiques Intenses, CNRS

  10. DOE Zero Energy Ready Home

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    not required. b. Location, based on zip code, has at least 5 kWhm 2 day average daily solar radiation based on annual solar insolation using this online tool: http:...

  11. DOE Zero Energy Ready Home

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    a PV system b. Location, based on zip code, has at least 5 kWhm 2 day average daily solar radiation based on annual solar insolation using this online tool: http:...

  12. DOE Challenge Home, California Program Requirements

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    not required. b. Location, based on zip code, has at least 5 kWhm 2 day average daily solar radiation based on annual solar insolation using this online tool: http:...

  13. E-Print Network 3.0 - ammeters Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ; Biology and Medicine 15 Experiment No 1 Title: Measurement of V-I characteristics of a solar panel at various levels Summary: of insolation Solar Panel A V Procedure: 1. Choose...

  14. Mohammad Azari Thomas Perkins

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nasipuri, Asis

    Microturbine 1mW/cm2 microelectromechanical turbine at 30 liters/min Heel Strike W with dielectric elastomer, 250­700 mW with hydraulic piezoelectric actuator, 10 mW with piezoelectric insole

  15. SHORT-TERM FORECASTING OF SOLAR RADIATION BASED ON SATELLITE DATA WITH STATISTICAL METHODS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heinemann, Detlev

    SHORT-TERM FORECASTING OF SOLAR RADIATION BASED ON SATELLITE DATA WITH STATISTICAL METHODS Annette governing the insolation, forecasting of solar radiation makes the description of development of the cloud

  16. Document (562k)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    TIMES THE MAXIMUM SIZE TOTAL CAPITAL COST M ST YR OPERATION TOTAL CAPITAL COST M CURRENT LEVELIZED ENERGY COST MILLS KWHR LEVELIZED ENERGY COST MILLS KWHR CURRENT DAY HOUR INSOL...

  17. DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Consolidated Renewable Energy Ready

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    are met: 1. Location, based on zip code has at least 5 kWhm 2 day average daily solar radiation based on annual solar insolation using PVWatts online tool: http:...

  18. Uncertainties in the Value of Bill Savings from Behind-the-Meter, Residential Photovoltaic Systems: The Roles of Electricity Market Conditions, Retail Rate Design, and Net Metering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Darghouth, Naim Richard

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    solar generation output from the CPUC’s 33% Renewable Integration Study based on 2005 weather datasolar generation output based on 2005 baseline load and insolation from a CPUC 33% Renewable Integration Study, and weather data

  19. Model, proxy and isotopic perspectives on the East African Humid Period Jessica E. Tierney a,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , , Sophie C. Lewis b , Benjamin I. Cook a,c , Allegra N. LeGrande c , Gavin A. Schmidt c a Lamont of the AHP is fairly well understood: increased solar insolation in the North African subtropics during

  20. The Mount Perkins block, northwestern Arizona: An exposed cross section of an evolving, preextensional to synextensional magmatic system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Faulds, James E.; Feuerbach, Daniel L.; Reagan, Mark K.; Metcalf, Rodney V.; Gans, Phil; Walker, J. Douglas

    1995-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

    The steeply tilted Mount Perkins block, northwestern Arizona, exposes a cross section of a magmatic system that evolved through the onset of regional extension. New 40Ar/39Ar ages of variably tilted (0–90°) volcanic strata ...

  1. E-Print Network 3.0 - attenuated resting calcium-dependent Sample...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    be regulated, which requires the shade and tilt attenuation... t for this agent's solar panel, reduced by the attenuation from clouds (C(t)), shade (S(t, l)) and the tilt (T...

  2. High-resolution x-ray diffraction microscopy of specifically labeled yeast cells (CXIDB ID 7)

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Nelson, Johanna

    This is the fourth of five exposures of the same sample at different tilts. This one is at -15 degrees tilt. Check CXI IDs 4 to 8 for the complete set.

  3. High-resolution x-ray diffraction microscopy of specifically labeled yeast cells (CXIDB ID 4)

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Nelson, Johanna

    This is the first of five exposures of the same sample at different tilts. This one is at +0 degrees tilt. Check CXI IDs 4 to 8 for the complete set.

  4. High-resolution x-ray diffraction microscopy of specifically labeled yeast cells (CXIDB ID 8)

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Nelson, Johanna

    This is the fifth of five exposures of the same sample at different tilts. This one is at -30 degrees tilt. Check CXI IDs 4 to 8 for the complete set.

  5. High-resolution x-ray diffraction microscopy of specifically labeled yeast cells (CXIDB ID 5)

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Nelson, Johanna

    This is the second of five exposures of the same sample at different tilts. This one is at +15 degrees tilt. Check CXI IDs 4 to 8 for the complete set.

  6. High-resolution x-ray diffraction microscopy of specifically labeled yeast cells (CXIDB ID 6)

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Nelson, Johanna

    This is the third of five exposures of the same sample at different tilts. This one is at +30 degrees tilt. Check CXI IDs 4 to 8 for the complete set.

  7. Audio Engineering Society Convention Paper

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wawrzynek, John

    . The transfer function of the filter is a first-order shelving response. The tilt knob controls the slope the tilt parame- ter even more powerful. This is done by morphing the shelving response into a 6 d

  8. Saturn's rings and moons are a model for how planetary systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    - dle Saturn's equator, are tilted by the same amount. Seasons change slowly on Saturn, with its nearly

  9. Solar radiation intensity calculations 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levine, Randolph Steven

    1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , radiation per unit area per unit time, on a flat-plate collector is given by: I = I cos B (2. 1a) where I is the solar constant. insolation received at one astro- nomical unit from the sun. Since clear sky conditions are assumed I o w i 1 1 b e a.... INSOLATION EQUATIONS TABLE OF CONTENTS Page III. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS REFERENCES APPENDIX VITA 25 47 48 52 Vi LIST OF TABLES TABLE I. Optimal Inclination for Ap=O, No Checks for Ip &0 and a Time Independent Solar Constant. II. Optimal...

  10. Glacial cycles and astronomical forcing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Muller, R.A. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States)] [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States); MacDonald, G.J. [International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Laxenburg (Austria)] [International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Laxenburg (Austria)

    1997-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Narrow spectral features in ocean sediment records offer strong evidence that the cycles of glaciation were driven by astronomical forces. Two million years ago, the cycles match the 41,000-year period of Earth`s obliquity. This supports the Croll/Milankovitch theory, which attributes the cycles to variations in insolation. But for the past million years, the spectrum is dominated by a single 100,000-year feature and is a poor match to the predictions of insolation models. The spectrum can be accounted for by a theory that derives the cycles of glaciation from variations in the inclination of Earth`s orbital plane.

  11. The climatic and hydrologic history of southern Nevada during the late Quaternary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Forester, R.M.; Bradbury, J.P.; Carter, C.; Elvidge-Tuma, A.B.; Hemphill, M.L.; Lundstrom, S.C.; Mahan, S.A.; Marshall, B.D.; Neymark, L.A.; Paces, J.B.; Sharpe, S.E.; Whelan, J.F.; Wigand, P.E.

    1999-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Understanding climate change during the expected life span of a potential high-level nuclear-waste repository at Yucca Mountain, Nevada, requires estimates of future climate boundary conditions. These climate boundary conditions are governed by changes in the Earth's orbital properties (eccentricity, obliquity, precession) that determine insolation. Subcycles of the 400,000 year insolation-controlled climate cycles last approximately 100,000 years. This report describes the changes which have occurred in the climatic history of Southern Nevada during the past 400,000 years. These changes provide a basis for understanding the changes which may occur during the long-term future in this area.

  12. Reorientation of the 'free OH' group in the top-most layer of...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    selective sum-frequency generation vibrational spectroscopy (SFG-VS) in the ssp and ppp polarizations. The polarization dependent SFG-VS results show that the average tilt...

  13. E-Print Network 3.0 - automobile front panel Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    control, DC motor... control, water temperature control, high-speed train tilt control, solar panel pointing, ultra Source: New Hampshire, University of - Department of...

  14. automobile navigation systems: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    to the already existing systems can tilt the scales in the favour of the manufacturing company and eventually the cost conscious consumer Kanwar Bharat Singh 11 Symplicity Quick...

  15. air jet indentation: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    will take an important place for fluid control. Micro air jets are characterized by their speed, frequency and tilt. Usually, this micro air jets are produced by fluidic...

  16. The perception of shape, lighting, and material properties in images

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Shea, James Patrick

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    object and its associated luminance map. The object (left)? = 30 ? , light tilt ? = 90 ? ). The luminance map plotsthe observed luminance value for each surface orientation in

  17. Solar Schools Assessment and Implementation Project: Financing...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    the annual solar resource data for different latitudes. 5 To maximize the annual energy production at a location of 40 north latitude, the optimal tilt varies from 30...

  18. The perception of shape, lighting, and material properties in images

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Shea, James Patrick

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the true lighting direction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .rep- resent different lighting tilts on the test object. Thedirection. We found the lighting used in the center image

  19. angiographic planar imaging: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    to distinguish vortices from antivortices in quasi-two-dimensional Bose--Einstein condensates from a single image of the density of the atoms. Tilting the planar condensate...

  20. aircraft noise exposure: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    paths minimizing aircraft noise d'Orlans, Universit 2 The cost of noise reduction in commercial tilt rotor aircraft MIT - DSpace Summary: The relationship between...

  1. aircraft engine noise: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    paths minimizing aircraft noise d'Orlans, Universit 2 The cost of noise reduction in commercial tilt rotor aircraft MIT - DSpace Summary: The relationship between...

  2. Different orbital rhythms in the Asian summer monsoon records from North and South China during the Pleistocene

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    summer monsoon North China South China solar insolation glacial­interglacial cycles Pleistocene Here weDifferent orbital rhythms in the Asian summer monsoon records from North and South China during, Institute of Earth Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xi'an 710075, China b Paleomagnetism

  3. National Aeronautics and Space Administration SpaceMathVI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -8 7 Solar Storms ­ Fractions and Percentages 6-8 8 Energy at Home 6-8 9 Carbon Dioxide Increases 6) LRO/NASA This booklet was created through an education grant NNH06ZDA001N- EPO from NASA's Science-11 31 The Most Important Equation in Astronomy 9-11 32 Solar Insolation Changes and the Sunspot Cycle 9

  4. Accepted for publication in Applied Physics Letters. This work was supported by the Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Office of Building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    alloy films is reported. Thin, magnesium-rich Ni-Mg films prepared on glass substrates by cosputtering and transportation energy conservation, lighting and displays, aerospace insolation control, and optical conversion of a metallic dihydride phase to a semiconducting trihydride. Rare earth-magnesium alloy films2

  5. Printed in the United States of America Available from

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MODEL FOR DIRECT AND DIFFUSE INSOLATION ON HORIZONTAL SURFACES RICHARD E. BIRD ROLAND L. HULSTROM FEBRUARY 1981 PREPARED UNDER TASK No. 1093.00 Solar Energy Research Institute A Division of Midwest J. V. Dave of IBM for providing data sets from his Spherical Harmonics code. Richard E. Bird Senior

  6. Understanding Variability and Uncertainty of Photovoltaics for Integration with the Electric Power System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mills, Andrew; Ahlstrom, Mark; Brower, Michael; Ellis, Abraham; George, Ray; Hoff, Tom; Kroposki, Benjamin; Lenox, Carl; Miller, Nicholas; Stein, Joshua; Wan, Yih-huei

    2009-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Data and analysis are needed to understand the variability of photovoltaic (PV) plants to avoid unnecessary barriers to the interconnection of PV. Several datasets show clouds can cause rapid changes in solar insolation. Smoothing of rapid ramps, however, occurs within PV plants. The degree of smoothing depends on plant size. Smoothing occurs on even longer time-scales between separate plants.

  7. A solar concentrating photovoltaic / thermal collector J.S. Coventry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A solar concentrating photovoltaic / thermal collector J.S. Coventry Centre for Sustainable Energy.Coventry@anu.edu.au Abstract Australia is a good location for solar concentrator applications. Current activities in Australia OF THE SOLAR RESOURCE IN AUSTRALIA Australia has relatively high solar insolation, as shown in figure 1

  8. C. S. Jackson A. J. Broccoli Orbital forcing of Arctic climate: mechanisms of climate response

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Broccoli, Anthony J.

    initiation. The usual interpretation of the Milankovitch hypothesis is that a reduction in summer insolation is linked to EarthÕs orbital configuration has been impeded by the cost of simulating climate system Present address: A. J. Broccoli Department of Environmental Sciences, Rutgers University, New Brunswick

  9. Noise-Enhanced Balance Control in Patients with Diabetes and Patients with Stroke

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, James J.

    with stroke, resulting in diminished motor performance. Recently, it has been shown that input noise can mechanical noise applied to the soles of the feet via vibrating insoles can be used to improve quietNoise-Enhanced Balance Control in Patients with Diabetes and Patients with Stroke Attila A

  10. Effect of Entropy Generation on the Performance of Humidification-Dehumidification Desalination Cycles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lienhard V, John H.

    power plant. In the developing world, the high cost of energy required for traditional desalination scarcity have high levels of solar insolation, which suggests that solar powered desalination would be very to operate with solar heating. A solar still is the most basic form of HD in which the water is evaporated

  11. Technical Report NREL/TP-550-44082

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    I-V current versus voltage ICE internal combustion engine IGBT insolated gate bipolar transistor IR alternating current AC/DC AC-to-DC ASME American Society of Mechanical Engineers atm atmosphere CG combustible-ionized DOE U.S. Department of Energy EPC Engineering Procurement & Construction E-Stop Emergency Stop FPGA

  12. In Goldman, C. R., M. Kumagai, and R. D. Robarts. In press. Effects of Global Warming on Freshwater Ecosystems of the World: what can be done to reduce negative impacts?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Barbara, University of

    Upwelling, internal wave motions, and convective mixing are critical for nutrient supply to support primary insolation, air temperatures, net long wave radiation, and wind speeds and lowest relative humidity tend of Ecology, Evolution and Marine Biology University of California Santa Barbara, CA Keywords: Upwelling

  13. -k Science Service Featwe ? LHY TIE 'iP,ATiEER 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    regulator. It has been called a 1lsavings bank f o r solar energy, receiving deposits i n seasons of excessive insolation and pay- ing them back i n seasons of prsnt.11 the great extremes of heat and cold 7 amounts of heat, they Naturally, then, marine climates are spared Since . exert a steadying and moderating

  14. Solar Forecasting System and Irradiance Variability Characterization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Energy Reliability As part of Cooperative Agreement No. DE-EE0003507 Under Task 3.1: Photovoltaic Systems Reliability Under Cooperative Agreement No. DE-EE0003507 Hawai`i Energy Sustainability Program Subtask 3.1 Photovoltaic Systems: Report 3 Development of data base allowing managed access to statewide PV and insolation

  15. TRANSIT PHOTOMETRY OF THE CORE-DOMINATED PLANET HD 149026b David Charbonneau, Joshua N. Winn,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    observations and the previously reported photometry and radial velocities of the central star. We refine . This density is significantly greater than predicted for models that include the effects of stellar insolation. The star exhibits a time-variable Doppler shift that is consistent with a sinusoid of amplitude K ¼ 43 m s

  16. Contribution of Atmospheric Circulation to Inception of the Laurentide Ice Sheet at 116 kyr BP*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howat, Ian M.

    was insufficient for inception at 116 kyr BP. Remote cooling or local feedbacks that amplify the impact. An additional cooling of 4°C together with adjustments for Eemian incident radiation is required for perennial that cooling resulting from modest decreases in local insolation in response to Milankovitch radiation forcing

  17. Changes in the hydrological cycle, ocean circulation, and carbon/ nutrient cycling during the last interglacial and glacial transition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Winguth, Arne

    ; published 27 October 2007. [1] A complex Earth system model has been forced by insolation changes system model with prognostic atmospheric pCO2 is integrated for the first time over 20,000 a of the last an important benchmark for the validation of current climate models. [3] In this study a fully complex Earth

  18. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 137: 129147, January 2011 Part A Annual cycle of the West African monsoon: regional circulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Chidong

    is maintained at the coast, rather than steadily moving inland with the solar insolation, due to persistent warm annual cycle in rainfall that remains a challenge to understand and predict (e.g. Cook and Vizy, 2006 to the peak solar heating is due to the interactions that occur between the land, the atmosphere and the ocean

  19. Cooling load estimation methods

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McFarland, R.D.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ongoing research on quantifying the cooling loads in residential buildings, particularly buildings with passive solar heating systems, is described. Correlations are described that permit auxiliary cooling estimates from monthly average insolation and weather data. The objective of the research is to develop a simple analysis method, useful early in design, to estimate the annual cooling energy required of a given building.

  20. Journal of Climate, 2005, Vol 18, p 2903-2921 Maintenance of the Sea-Ice Edge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bitz, Cecilia

    radiation is the largest component of the ocean energy budget, and the large seasonal range of insolation is known to expand in early winter roughly to the mean position of the ocean thermal front in the Greenland pole depends primarily on coastlines, ice motion, and the melt rate at the ice-ocean interface. At any

  1. Instrumentation and procedures for validation of synthetic infrared image generation (SIG) models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salvaggio, Carl

    temperature, relative humidity, wind speed, cloud cover, precipitation type and rate, total insolation models are becoming more complex with the incorporation of radiation propagation, thermodynamic by the model mimic many effects seen in actual imagery. The focus of this paper is the definition

  2. MANHAZ position paper on: Modelling of Pollutant Transport in the Atmosphere

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of day, cloud cover, mean wind speed). This lecture note will first summarize the important features, and local micrometeorological effects. Local micrometeorological effects depend on solar insolation, topography, surface roughness, surface albedo, local land use and local long-wave radiative cooling. Local

  3. Aerosol Effects on Clouds, Energy & Hydrologic Cycle Steven Ghan, Trond Iversen, Jon Egill Kristjansson, Athanasios Nenes, Joyce Penner

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    cycle and a "semi-direct" effect by suppressing cloud formation due to absorption of solar radiation cloud coverage. The increased cloud albedo and cloud cover decrease solar insolation at the surfaceAerosol Effects on Clouds, Energy & Hydrologic Cycle Steven Ghan, Trond Iversen, Jon Egill

  4. EFFECTIVE EFFICIENCY AND PERFORMANCE RATIO AS ENERGY RATING SYSTEM FOR PV MODULES Marko Topic1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sites, James R.

    tilts and tracking schemes. Differences arise from different distribution of annual solar energy on the specific location, the tilt angle of the module or the tracking scheme. We have shown that PV modules with lower effective series resistance exhibit better performance at higher irradiation (e.g. in tracking

  5. A New, Iterative, Synchronous-Response Algorithm for Analyzing the Morton Effect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saha, Rohit

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    and backward orbit....................................................................................................28 Table 3 Bearing parameter variation with operating speed [11] ......................................37 Table 4 Tilting pad bearing... Effect can be found in De Jongh [8]. Experiments on Morton Effect De Jongh and Morton [9] experimentally verified divergent synchronous vibration motion in a centrifugal compressor due to differential temperature across the journal in tilting-pad...

  6. PHILOSOPHICAL MAGAZINE A, 1999, VOL. 79, NO. 6, 1321 1333 Molecular dynamics study on the structural changes of the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gong, Xingao

    PHILOSOPHICAL MAGAZINE A, 1999, VOL. 79, NO. 6, 1321± 1333 Molecular dynamics study on the structural changes of the tilt grain boundary in aluminium W. Fan,Yizhen He and X. G. Gong Institute of Solid] Abstract The structure and physical properties of two Al tilt grain boundaries (GBs) at di erent

  7. Evaluation of phase change materials for thermal regulation enhancement of building integrated photovoltaics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hasan, A.; Norton, B. [Dublin Energy Lab., Focas Institute, School of Physics, Dublin Institute of Technology, Kevin St., Dublin 8 (Ireland); McCormack, S.J. [Department of Civil, Structure and Environmental Engineering, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin 1 (Ireland); Huang, M.J. [Centre for Sustainable Technologies, University of Ulster, Newtownabbey, N. Ireland, BT370QB (United Kingdom)

    2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Regulating the temperature of building integrated photovoltaics (BIPV) using phase change materials (PCMs) reduces the loss of temperature dependent photovoltaic (PV) efficiency. Five PCMs were selected for evaluation all with melting temperatures {proportional_to}25 {+-} 4 C and heat of fusion between 140 and 213 kJ/kg. Experiments were conducted at three insolation intensities to evaluate the performance of each PCM in four different PV/PCM systems. The effect on thermal regulation of PV was determined by changing the (i) mass of PCM and (ii) thermal conductivities of the PCM and PV/PCM system. A maximum temperature reduction of 18 C was achieved for 30 min while 10 C temperature reduction was maintained for 5 h at -1000 W/m{sup 2} insolation. (author)

  8. April, 27, 2010 Forms of Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toohey, Darin W.

    . With a solar insolation of 1,700 kWh/m²/yr an average household needs 8 to 10 square meters of solar panels Coal Methane Nuclear Oil Renewable Wind Solar Hydro Ethanol?? #12;#12;Carbon Based Energy Coal.77 2.99 0.55 0.89 1.27 #12;R e n e w a b l e s Wind, Solar, Hydro, Geothermal #12;Wind Turbines Cradle

  9. Design Tools for Evaluating Alternative Strategies' Impact on Human Comfort

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holder, L. M. III; Hart, M. N.

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    causing the body to overheat. The moisture content of the air has a major impact on the body's ability to dissipate heat through evaporation. As relative humidity in the surrounding environment increases, the body's evaporative means of dissipating... to illustrate the impact of various environmental inputs. The first element we will study is radiation. broken into two categories: mean radiant temperature (average temperature of objects in the surrounding environment) and insolation (radiant energy from...

  10. Physical Building Information Modeling for Solar Building Design and Simulation- Annual Report 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yan, W.; Haberl, J.; Clayton, M.; Jeong, W.; Kim, J.; Kota, S.; Alcocer, J.; Dixit, M.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    information from BIM to Radiance. For Building Integrated Photovoltaic (BIPV), we have researched on how to build solar models in BIM that can calculate solar position and solar insolation. 1.2 Research on BIM simplification methods, BIM topology, and data... we will continue investigating the use of Modelica to integrate the daylighting modeling with thermal modeling. 4 c) BIPV prototypes We have developed a Building Integrated Photovoltaic (BIPV) prototype in the BIM (Autodesk Revit) platform...

  11. Crisplant defects quantification and reduction at an amazon.com distribution center

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patel, Kashyap (Kashyap C.)

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Crisplant is a tilt-tray sortation system used in Reno (RNO 1) fulfillment center (FC) to group items by customer orders. On average., crisplant processes about 80% of the total outbound volume through its multipart operation ...

  12. Femtosecond surface plasmon interferometry with gold nanostructures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Temnov, Vasily V.

    We measure the ultrafast electron dynamics in gold via ultrafast surface plasmon interferometry. A new plasmonic microinterferometer with tilted slit-groove pair is used to unambiguously determine changes of real and ...

  13. Femtosecond surface plasmon interferometry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Temnov, Vasily V.

    We demonstrate femtosecond plasmonic interferometry with a novel geometry. The plasmonic microinterferometer consists of a tilted slit-groove pair. This arrangement allows for (i) interferometric measurements at a single ...

  14. An investigation into the effectiveness of sub-syllable acoustics in automatic intonation analysis. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dusterhoff, Kurt E

    This paper presents a series of experiments which test the use of sub-syllable acoustic data in the automatic detection of Tilt [Tayng] intonation events. A set of speaker-dependent HMMs is used to detect accents, ...

  15. Paying Too Much for Energy? The True Costs of Our Energy Choices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Looney, Adam

    Energy consumption is critical to economic growth and quality of life. America's energy system, however, is malfunctioning. The status quo is characterized by a tilted playing field, where energy choices are based on the ...

  16. Development Michael Short

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Equivalent Tilt Submarine Requirements Air Independent Propulsion Power System #12;Advanced SOFC Systems High of a net 400 kW SOFC power system High overall fuel utilization via anode recycling, High level of in

  17. NREL: News Feature - Model Car Races Put Creativity on the Line

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    tilt to the solar panels," The Manning School's Diana Santos said. "We learned about the solar panel and how it has silicon that helps collect the sun rays, and when the sun...

  18. Closed String Thermodynamics and a Blue Tensor Spectrum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robert H. Brandenberger; Ali Nayeri; Subodh P. Patil

    2014-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

    The BICEP-2 team has reported the detection of primordial cosmic microwave background B-mode polarization, with hints of a suppression of power at large angular scales relative to smaller scales. Provided that the B-mode polarization is due to primordial gravitational waves, this might imply a blue tilt of the primordial gravitational wave spectrum. Such a tilt would be incompatible with standard inflationary models, although it was predicted some years ago in the context of a mechanism that thermally generates the primordial perturbations through a Hagedorn phase of string cosmology. The purpose of this note is to encourage greater scrutiny of the data with priors informed by a model that is immediately falsifiable, but which \\textit{predicts} features that might be favoured by the data-- namely a blue tensor tilt with an induced and complimentary red tilt to the scalar spectrum, with a naturally large tensor to scalar ratio that relates to both.

  19. Two-Dimensional, Individually-Addressable Nanostructure Arrays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Chu-Yeu Peter

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    a) tilted view of the Pd top electrode contacts to the tipsPd metal coating on the ZnO tips. stencil mask (mounted perpendicular to the bottom electrodes and

  20. Deformation behavior of cylindrical block copolymer bicrystals : pathway to understanding block copolymer grain boundaries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wanakamol, Panitarn

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Model bicrystals made by adhering pieces of near-single-crystal styrene-isoprene-styrene (SIS) cylindrical block copolymer (BCP), produced by a roll-casting process; yield various types of pure tilt grain boundaries. The ...

  1. The BoPen : a tangible pointer tracked in six degrees of freedom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taub, Daniel Matthew

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this thesis, I designed and implemented an optical system for freehand interactions in six degrees of freedom. A single camera captures a pen's location and orientation, including roll, tilt, x, y, and z by reading ...

  2. Full-Wave Algorithm to Model Effects of Bedding Slopes on the Response of Subsurface Electromagnetic Geophysical Sensors near Unconformities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sainath, Kamalesh

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose a full-wave pseudo-analytical numerical electromagnetic (EM) algorithm to model subsurface induction sensors, traversing planar-layered geological formations of arbitrary EM material anisotropy and loss, which are used, for example, in the exploration of hydrocarbon reserves. Unlike past pseudo-analytical planar-layered modeling algorithms that impose parallelism between the formation's bed junctions however, our method involves judicious employment of Transformation Optics techniques to address challenges related to modeling arbitrarily-oriented, relative slope (i.e., tilting) between said junctions. The algorithm exhibits this flexibility, both with respect to anisotropy in the formation layers as well as junction tilting, via employing special planar slabs that coat each "flattened" (i.e., originally tilted) planar interface, locally redirecting the incident wave within the coating slabs to cause wave fronts to interact with the flattened interfaces as if they were still tilted with a specific, ...

  3. hal-00192614,version1-28Nov2007 18 me Congrs Franais de Mcanique Grenoble, 27-31 aot 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ); Read (2001)). For many years, the differentially-heated, rotating cylindrical annulus has proved for the weakly turbulent flows is rather vague. Various terms applied include Structural Vacillation or Tilted-Trough

  4. How Does Ammonium Interact with Aromatic Groups? A Density Functional Theory (DFT/B3LYP) Investigation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sussman, Joel L.

    Taiyuan Road, Shanghai 200031, P. R. China, and Departments of Structural Biology and Neurobiology, NH4 + always tilts toward the carbon-carbon bond rather than toward the heteroatom or the carbon

  5. Mechanical Design of the Magdalena Ridge Observatory Interferometer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Young, John

    and transporter, fast tip-tilt system, beam relay system, delay line system, beam compressor, automated alignment and testing inside the integration hall at Advanced Mechanical and Optical System (AMOS) test facility

  6. MOTION CONTROL FOR REALISTIC WALKING BEHAVIOR USING INVERSE Aydemir Memisoglu, Ugur Gudukbay, and Bulent Ozguc

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Güdükbay, Ugur

    , the time elapsed during double-support, rotation, tilt, and lateral displacement of pelvis. 2. KINEMATICS This work is supported by European Union 6th Framework Program under Grant No. FP6-511568 (3DTV NoE Project

  7. Scattering Properties of nanostructures : applications to photovoltaics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Derkacs, Daniel

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    solar flux on modules via solar tracking and concentratingsolar cell. Third, it is not economical to design a sun-trackingRoll-tilt tracking arrangement. [Ref. 35] Quantum Well Solar

  8. Use of Renewable Energy in Buildings: Experiences With Solar Thermal Utilization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, R.; Zhai, X.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    collectors on the south tilted roofs, south walls, balconies or awnings. Experiences on solar thermal utilization are mainly introduced in this paper, which include solar hot water systems with different design methods in residential buildings and solar-powered...

  9. SpiritMars Exploration Rovers National Aeronautics and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waliser, Duane E.

    hemisphere landing site. The rover's position tilted its solar panels toward the Sun to maintain enough solar power for Spirit to continue making scientific observations throughout the winter. The Pancam began

  10. Elucidating the functions and signaling mechanisms of the chemokine CXCL12 and its receptors CXCR4 and CXCR7 in cancer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Hayre, Morgan L.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    buffer and filter over cell strainer) i. MDA- 40 ?l (4x10 6Filter the cells over the strainers and transfer into thetubes on ice. i. Note- strainers are too big so tilted on an

  11. Instrument Series: Microscopy Aberration-Corrected

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , and material defects Chemistry ­ understanding particle surface interactions, atomic-level structure-tilt Crystallographic and Tomographic Analysis Ì Silicon-Lithium [Si(Li)] X-ray EDS Ì Cryogenic Imaging Capability Ì

  12. Wireless, automated monitoring for potential landslide hazards 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garich, Evan Andrew

    2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

    . Commercially available soil moisture probes and soil tilt sensors were combined with low-power, wireless data transmitters to form a self-configuring network of soil monitoring sensors. The remote locations of many slope stability hazard sites eliminates...

  13. Development of Simplified Calculations for a Multipyranometer Array for the Measurement of Direct and Diffuse Solar Radiation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Munger, B. K.; Haberl, J. S.

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    studies due several new features, including: the incorporation of an artificial horizon that prevents reflected ground radiation from striking the tilted sensors, and a routine that corrects the spectral response of photovoltaic-type sensors used...

  14. Effects of solar photovoltaic panels on roof heat transfer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dominguez, Anthony; Kleissl, Jan; Luvall, Jeffrey C

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    comes from both the solar panel and the sky weighted by the underside of the tilted solar panels and the surface of of a roof  underneath a solar panel compared to that of an 

  15. Dynamo Saturation in Rapidly Rotating Solar-Type Stars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kitchatinov, L L

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The magnetic activity of solar-type stars generally increases with stellar rotation rate. The increase, however, saturates for fast rotation. The Babcock-Leighton mechanism of stellar dynamos saturates as well when the mean tilt-angle of active regions approaches ninety degrees. Saturation of magnetic activity may be a consequence of this property of the Babcock-Leighton mechanism. Stellar dynamo models with a tilt-angle proportional to the rotation rate are constructed to probe this idea. Two versions of the model - treating the tilt-angles globally and using Joy's law for its latitude dependence - are considered. Both models show a saturation of dynamo-generated magnetic flux at high rotation rates. The model with latitude-dependent tilt-angles shows also a change in dynamo regime in the saturation region. The new regime combines a cyclic dynamo at low latitudes with an (almost) steady polar dynamo.

  16. Microsoft Word - 4CO 11 1a

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    spectrum. Also, we only used short term data from a single climate (high desert). Future work will include analyses using fixed tilt module IV data, take advantage of new...

  17. Rolling stones: The motion of a sphere down an inclined plane coated with a thin liquid film

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bico, Jose

    A spherical bead deposited on a smooth tilted dry plane wall rolls down the slope under the uniform acceleration of gravity. We describe an analogous experiment conducted using a plane wall that is coated with a thin layer ...

  18. Structural Monitoring System (SMS) and Visual System (VS)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Axis Communications, Inc. has developed network ready, environmentally tolerant, low-light level camera-visual systems (VS) with built-in pan and tilt mechanisms that permit remote monitoring of...

  19. A Nonlinear Transient Approach for Morton Synchronous Rotordynamic Instability and Catcher Bearing Life Predictions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Jung Gu

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    to obtain asymmetric temperature distribution of the journal by solving variable viscosity Reynolds equation, energy equation, heat conduction equation, and equations of motion for rotor. The tilting pad bearing is fully nonlinear model. In addition, thermal...

  20. Hybrid gas bearings with controlled supply pressure to eliminate rotor vibrations while crossing system critical speeds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ryu, Keun

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    reliable predictive design models. The thrust of this research is to investigate conventional bearings of low cost, easy to manufacture (common materials) and easy to install and align. Flexure pivot tilting pad bearings offer little or no cross...

  1. Strain Accommodation By Facile WO6 Octahedral Distortion and...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    to other BO6 octahedra in ABO3 structured perovskite oxides, the WO6 octahedra in tungsten trioxide (WO3) can withstand a much larger degree of distortion and tilting to...

  2. Reservoir Fracture Mapping using Microearthquakes: Austin Chalk, Giddings Field, TX and 76 Field, Clinton Co., KY.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SPE 36651 Reservoir Fracture Mapping using Microearthquakes: Austin Chalk, Giddings Field, TX and enhanced recovery, production operations in fracture- dominated oil and gas reservoirs. Borehole geophones to study reservoir fracture systems. Methods currently applied to study fracture systems include tilt

  3. Neon time-of-flight backscattering spectrometry for surface analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garcia, Richard Michael

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the observed system resolutions with those obtained previously in similar analyses. Discriminator thresholds, electronic start/stop logic, aperture sizes, target tilt and beam energies were varied and studied to determine their effect on system resolution...

  4. GuidelinesforProducingHighQuality PhotographsforU.S.TravelDocuments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rhode Island, University of

    be open and looking at the camera · Eyeglasses should be worn if normally used by the subject · Glare on eyeglasses can usually be avoided with a slight upward or downward tilt of the head · Background should

  5. Microsoft Word - LS-324 - Equivalent Circuit Model & Power Calculation...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of PAC 2003, pp. 2548-2550. 7 G. Decker, "Conceptual Design for a Rectangular Cavity BPM Tilt Monitor for the APS Storage Ring", APS Internal Note, DIAG-TN-2010-10, Sept. 21,...

  6. Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    20 kW) would be installed on 60-ft tilt towers. The wind turbines would be net metered using the net metering policies of the loca utility, Glacier Electric...

  7. High-resolution ab initio three-dimensional X-ray diffraction microscopy (CXIDB ID 15)

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Chapman, Henry N.

    The file contains 125 images corresponding to different tilts of the sample around the y axis at 1 degree intervals. Each image is the result of 4 exposures merged together. For more details see the citation.

  8. Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract DE-AC02-76CH03073. Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    by counter-helicity spheromak merging. Kinetic simulations show nonlinear saturation of the n = 1 tilt mode of particle confinement. Three-dimensional MHD simulations of counter-helicity spheromak merging and FRC

  9. Evolution of a Humid Tropical Landscape in Northcentral Costa Rica as Deduced from Geomorphic and Pedogenic Evidence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wells, Anke Maria Neumann

    1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of southern San Carlos. Further tectonism during the early Pleistocene created three tilted faultblock ridges in the western and central parts of the Piedmont Province. Consequent increase in fluvial aggradation initiated formation of alluvial plains...

  10. Drill Rig Safety Topics of the Presentation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ;Inspect Cooling System & Fan #12;The Most Injury Related Activity Handling Drill Pipe Tools Casing #12;Automated Loading Arms w/ Radio Remote Controls #12;Automatic Pipe Handling System w/ Tilt Out Top Head #12

  11. Effects of solar photovoltaic panels on roof heat transfer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dominguez, Anthony; Kleissl, Jan; Luvall, Jeffrey C

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the underside of the tilted solar panels and the surface of the roof under the solar panel (Fig.  2).  An air temperature of the  solar panel is similar to the roof 

  12. Soiling losses for solar photovoltaic systems in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mejia, Felipe A; Kleissl, Jan

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    accumulation of dust on solar panels that causes a decreasenecessity of cleaning solar panels in California. In Sectionand tilt angle of the solar panels. 2.2 Solar Conversion

  13. Solitary lift : redesigning the base and tilter modules to meet customer needs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vasquez, Elliot B. (Elliot Benjamin), 1982-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A theoretical investigation towards the redesign of the base and the tilting module of the Solitary Lift prototype improved the machine with a weight reduction of 5.731bs. Besides lighter weight, the other criteria used ...

  14. Constraining fundamental physics from cosmology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bird, Simeon

    2011-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

    I use mathematical models and numerical simulations to constrain cosmological inflation, the seeds of structure, and the mass of the neutrino. I revisit arguments that simple models of inflation with a small red tilt in the scalar power spectrum...

  15. SPECIAL FOCUS CURRENT SCIENCE, 2013 7

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joshi, Yogesh Moreshwar

    well-known science reporters have an education in science and a great familiarity with that world. In a me- dia environment heavily tilted in favour of circulation numbers and TRP statis- tics, technology

  16. aircraft ground operations: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of a Tilt Rotor Aircraft Wake in Ground Effect, (May 19B2) Michael Louis Frey III, B. S. , Texas A... Frey, Michael Louis 2012-06-07 22 Aircraft Ground Traffic Optimization...

  17. Magneto-optical manipulation of surface plasmons in gold/ferromagnetic/gold multilayer films

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Temnov, Vasily V.

    Modulation of the surface plasmon wave vector in composite gold/cobalt/gold multilayer films due to periodic magnetization switching in cobalt is observed with a tilted slit-groove microinterferometer.

  18. Research article Simple rules based on pile slope are used in the self organization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tofilski , Adam

    section on a plywood platform that could be tilted 15 degrees up or down. From videos, the locations where structures such as the hexagonal cells of honeybees and Vespidae wasps (Frisch, 1974). These nest structures

  19. AUTOMATED DYNAMIC MODE MULTIDIRECTIONAL UV LITHOGRAPHY FOR COMPLEX 3-D MICROSTRUCTURES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    filter structure, a mixer, and micronozzle and horn arrays [7, 10]. However, the previous exercises have been limited to either a purely static mode, in which the tilted stage is fixed during each UV exposure

  20. Hydrodynamics of the Mission Canyon Formation in the Billings Nose area, North Dakota

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mitsdarffer, Alan Ray

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and associated highlands of central Montana (Fish and Kinard, 1959). Hydrodynamic flow was considered as a possible cause for the observed tilted oil-water contact for the Nottingham field in Saskatchewan, but the direction of tilt was opposite to flow... conditions with low gradients similiar to that depicted by the regional map. The present hydrodynamic conditions result from the recent invasion of the field area by the fresher ~ster lens. The oil accumulation will eventually be flushed from the area...

  1. Interpreting the visual and cinematic style of Japanese anime using three-dimensional computer graphics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mistry, Pradeep Champaklal

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and simulation results about the synchronous thermal instability phenomenon known as Morton Effect is presented in this dissertation. iv A transient analysis of the rotor supported by tilting pad journal bearing is performed to obtain asymmetric temperature... distribution of the journal by solving variable viscosity Reynolds equation, energy equation, heat conduction equation, and equations of motion for rotor. The tilting pad bearing is fully nonlinear model. In addition, thermal mode approach and staggered...

  2. Analysis of floating multi-ring oil seals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Semanate Negrete, Julio Enrique

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    -UP CONDITIONS IN FLOATING RING OIL SEALS . . . . Quasi-static analysis for a compressor rotor mounted on tilt-pad bearings and floating ring oil seals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The numerical solution procedure Results and discussion Closure... parameters for lock-up calculation. Table 10 Modified Sommerfeld Number, attitude angle and eccentricity ratio for the floating ring oil seals. Table 11 Modified Sommerfeld Number, attitude angle and eccentricity ratio for the tilt-pad bearings. 66 99...

  3. Characterization of vegetation properties: Canopy modeling of pinyon-juniper and ponderosa pine woodlands; Final report. Modeling topographic influences on solar radiation: A manual for the SOLARFLUX model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rich, P.M.; Hetrick, W.A.; Saving, S.C.

    1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This report is comprised of two studies. The first study focuses on plant canopies in pinyon-juniper woodland, ponderosa pine woodland, and waste sites at Los Alamos National Laboratory which involved five basic areas of research: (1) application of hemispherical photography and other gap fraction techniques to study solar radiation regimes and canopy architecture, coupled with application of time-domain reflectometry to study soil moisture; (2) detailed characterization of canopy architecture using stand mapping and allometry; (3) development of an integrated geographical information system (GIS) database for relating canopy architecture with ecological, hydrological, and system modeling approaches; (4) development of geometric models that simulate complex sky obstruction, incoming solar radiation for complex topographic surfaces, and the coupling of incoming solar radiation with energy and water balance, with simulations of incoming solar radiation for selected native vegetation and experimental waste cover design sites; and (5) evaluation of the strengths and limitations of the various field sampling techniques. The second study describes an approach to develop software that takes advantage of new generation computers to model insolation on complex topographic surfaces. SOLARFLUX is a GIS-based (ARC/INFO, GRID) computer program that models incoming solar radiation based on surface orientation (slope and aspect), solar angle (azimuth and zenith) as it shifts over time, shadows caused by topographic features, and atmospheric conditions. This manual serves as the comprehensive guide to SOLARFLUX. Included are discussions on modelling insolation on complex surfaces, the theoretical approach, program setup and operation, and a set of applications illustrating characteristics of topographic insolation modelling.

  4. Impact of Geoengineering Schemes on the Global Hydrological Cycle

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bala, G; Duffy, P; Taylor, K

    2007-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The rapidly rising CO{sub 2} level in the atmosphere has led to proposals of climate stabilization via 'Geoengineering' schemes that would mitigate climate change by intentionally reducing the solar radiation incident on earth's surface. In this paper, we address the impact of these climate stabilization schemes on the global hydrological cycle, using equilibrium simulations from an atmospheric general circulation model coupled to a slab ocean model. We show that insolation reductions sufficient to offset global-scale temperature increases lead to a decrease in the intensity of the global hydrologic cycle. This occurs because solar forcing is more effective in driving changes in global mean evaporation than is CO{sub 2} forcing of a similar magnitude. In the model used here, the hydrologic sensitivity, defined as the percentage change in global mean precipitation per degree warming, is 2.4% for solar forcing, but only 1.5% for CO{sub 2} forcing. Although other models and the climate system itself may differ quantitatively from this result, the conclusion can be understood based on simple considerations of the surface energy budget and thus is likely to be robust. Compared to changing temperature by altering greenhouse gas concentrations, changing temperature by varying insolation results in larger changes in net radiative fluxes at the surface; these are compensated by larger changes in latent and sensible heat fluxes. Hence the hydrological cycle is more sensitive to temperature adjustment via changes in insolation than changes in greenhouse gases. This implies that an alteration in solar forcing might offset temperature changes or hydrological changes from greenhouse warming, but could not cancel both at once.

  5. Solar Energy Education. Renewable energy: a background text. [Includes glossary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Some of the most common forms of renewable energy are presented in this textbook for students. The topics include solar energy, wind power hydroelectric power, biomass ocean thermal energy, and tidal and geothermal energy. The main emphasis of the text is on the sun and the solar energy that it yields. Discussions on the sun's composition and the relationship between the earth, sun and atmosphere are provided. Insolation, active and passive solar systems, and solar collectors are the subtopics included under solar energy. (BCS)

  6. Prospects of the WSR-88D Radar for Cloud Studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Melnikov, Valery M.; Zrni?, Dusan S.; Doviak, Richard J.; Chilson, Phillip B.; Mechem, David B.; Kogan, Yefim L.

    2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    - flectivity field at 908 azimuth. APRIL 2011 M E L N I K O V E T A L . 863 compared measured solar radiation with model results. The Bird model (Bird and Hulstrom 1981) has been used to estimate the solar flux on the ground in the absence of clouds....S. Department of Commerce). REFERENCES Battan, L. J., 1973: Radar Observation of the Atmosphere. Uni- versity of Chicago, 324 pp. Bird, R. E., and R. L. Hulstrom, 1981: A simplified clear sky model for direct and diffuse insolation on horizontal surfaces. Solar...

  7. Experimental performance evaluation of line-focus sun trackers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gee, R.C.

    1982-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Two sun trackers have been tested for tracking accuracy on an sun tracker. Both performed well during the entire test period. Their tracking performance as a function of insolation level was established, and their overall tracking accuracy (rms tracking error) was calculated. Both the flux-line and the shadowband tracker were found to have an effective rms error of about 1 milliradian. This information was used to determine the impact that the two trackers have on the annual energy performance of typical parabolic trough concentrating collectors. One milliradian rms tracking errors were found to result in negligibly small annual performance losses.

  8. Solar Thermal Conversion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kreith, F.; Meyer, R. T.

    1982-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The thermal conversion process of solar energy is based on well-known phenomena of heat transfer (Kreith 1976). In all thermal conversion processes, solar radiation is absorbed at the surface of a receiver, which contains or is in contact with flow passages through which a working fluid passes. As the receiver heats up, heat is transferred to the working fluid which may be air, water, oil, or a molten salt. The upper temperature that can be achieved in solar thermal conversion depends on the insolation, the degree to which the sunlight is concentrated, and the measures taken to reduce heat losses from the working fluid.

  9. An analytical model and performance data for a cylindrical parabolic collector

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ford, F.M.; Stewart, W.E.

    1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Concentrating solar collectors provide higher fluid temperatures than flat-plate, an important advantage in many applications. The parabolic cylinder is one of the most popular types of concentrating collectors because of its relatively simple construction and tracking configuration. A mathematical model was developed for one such collector in order to predict thermal efficiency as a function of solar insolation. An experiment was then devised in an attempt to verify this model. Discrepancies between predicted and observed values are discussed, and suggestions are made for improving the model and the experimental procedure.

  10. Analytical model and performance data for a cylindrical parabolic collector

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ford, F.M.; Stewart, W.E. Jr.

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Concentrating solar collectors provide higher fluid temperatures than flat-plate, an important advantage in many applications. The parabolic cylinder is one of the most popular types of concentrating collectors because of its relatively simple construction and tracking configuration. A mathematical model was developed for one such collector in order to predict thermal efficiency as a function of solar insolation. An experiment was then devised in an attempt to verify this model. Discrepancies between predicted and observed values are discussed, and suggestions are made for improving the model and the experimental procedure.

  11. International Data Base for the U.S. Renewable Energy Industry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none

    1986-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The International Data Base for the US Renewable Energy Industry was developed to provide the US renewable energy industry with background data for identifying and analyzing promising foreign market opportunities for their products and services. Specifically, the data base provides the following information for 161 developed and developing countries: (1) General Country Data--consisting of general energy indicators; (2) Energy Demand Data--covering commercial primary energy consumption; (3) Energy Resource Data--identifying annual average insolation, wind power, and river flow data; (4) Power System Data--indicating a wide range of electrical parameters; and (5) Business Data--including currency and credit worthiness data.

  12. Time variation in coarse materials from lake bottom sediments and secular paleoclimatic change

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kashiwaya, Kenji (Kobe Univ. (Japan)); Fukuyama, Kaoru (Mie Univ., Tsu (Japan)); Yamamoto, Atsuyuki (Osaka Electro-Communication Univ. (Japan))

    1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Variations in the percentage of materials coarser than 4.5 {phi} in sediment from Lake Biwa are closely related to global climatic change and are indicative of large fluctuations in sediment discharge into the lake. Coarse materials increased markedly during the interglacials (postglacial and last interglacial periods). The variations also are linked with solar insolation and have distinct periods of about 20,000 and 40,000 years which correspond to the periods of the obliquitical and processional parameters. Periods of 60,000 and 120,000 years are major in the variations.

  13. Musa hybrid cv. Blue Java (Cultivated) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    James R. Manhart

    2011-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

    and photovoltaic technology. Far west Texas has some of the highest levels of solar insolation in the United States (see Appendix D). Coastal southern Texas, parts of western Texas, and the Texas Panhandle have class 3 or stronger winds on a scale of 1 (lowest... of photovoltaics can be traced to French physicist Alexandre Becquerel?s 1839 discovery of the photoelectric effect ? the conversion of light to electricity. Nearly 40 years later, in 1877, the first selenium solar cell was constructed. In the early 20th century...

  14. Testing of the METSTAT model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vignola, F. [Univ. of Oregon, Eugene, OR (United States). Physics Dept.

    1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The METSTAT model is a comprehensive model for estimating insolation on an hourly basis from cloud cover and other meteorological data. However, the METSTAT model does not reproduce the statistics found in measured daily data during periods of extensive cloud cover. In this study, METSTAT modeled estimates and measured hourly solar radiation data from Burns and Eugene Oregon are examined and compared. A source of the discrepancy between the modeled and measured data is identified. Slight modifications to the METSTAT model that significantly reduce the discrepancy are demonstrated for the Burns and Eugene sites.

  15. Solar cogeneration: Cimarron River station, Central Telephone and Utilities-Western Power

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harder, J.E.

    1981-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The site-specific conceptual design progress is described for a solar central receiver cogeneration facility at a Kansas utility. The process is described which led to the selection of the preferred solar cogeneration facility. The status of the conceptual design is presented. The evaluation of system performance is described. A test program is described that is to determine the magnitude of impact that local environmental factors have on collector system performance and to measure the direct normal insolation at the cogeneration facility site. The system specification is appended. (LEW)

  16. Physical Building Information Modeling for Solar Building Design and Simulation- Annual Report 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yan, W.; Haberl, J.; Clayton, M.; Jeong, W.; Kim, J.; Kota, S.; Alcocer, J.; Dixit, M.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . 6 Figure 6. Radiance rendering of the wall. c) BIM to BiPV We developed a Building Integrated Photovoltaic (BiPV) prototype in a BIM platform (Autodesk Revit) to calculate solar position and determine the amount of solar insolation from given... as the weather file. ? The room is lifted up from the earth, so the floor slab is not attached to the ground. ? This one room model consists of a roof, a floor, and four walls. ? No windows and doors are installed. ? All building components are made up of a...

  17. Los Alamos National Laboratory passive solar program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Neeper, D.A.

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Progress in passive solar tasks performed at the Los Alamos National Laboratory for FY-81 is documented. A third volume of the Passive Solar Design Handbook is nearly complete. Twenty-eight configurations of sunspaces were studied using the solar load ratio method of predicting performance; the configuration showing best performance is discussed. The minimum level of insolation needed to generate convective flow in the thermosiphon test rig is noted and measured. Information is also included on test room performance, off-peak auxiliary electric heating for a passive home, free convection experiment, monitored buildings, and technical support to the US Department of Energy.

  18. Photovoltaic module mounting system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Miros, Robert H. J. (Fairfax, CA); Mittan, Margaret Birmingham (Oakland, CA); Seery, Martin N. (San Rafael, CA); Holland, Rodney H. (Novato, CA)

    2012-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

    A solar array mounting system having unique installation, load distribution, and grounding features, and which is adaptable for mounting solar panels having no external frame. The solar array mounting system includes flexible, pedestal-style feet and structural links connected in a grid formation on the mounting surface. The photovoltaic modules are secured in place via the use of attachment clamps that grip the edge of the typically glass substrate. The panel mounting clamps are then held in place by tilt brackets and/or mid-link brackets that provide fixation for the clamps and align the solar panels at a tilt to the horizontal mounting surface. The tilt brackets are held in place atop the flexible feet and connected link members thus creating a complete mounting structure.

  19. Photovoltaic module mounting system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Miros, Robert H. J.; Mittan, Margaret Birmingham; Seery, Martin N; Holland, Rodney H

    2012-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

    A solar array mounting system having unique installation, load distribution, and grounding features, and which is adaptable for mounting solar panels having no external frame. The solar array mounting system includes flexible, pedestal-style feet and structural links connected in a grid formation on the mounting surface. The photovoltaic modules are secured in place via the use of attachment clamps that grip the edge of the typically glass substrate. The panel mounting clamps are then held in place by tilt brackets and/or mid-link brackets that provide fixation for the clamps and align the solar panels at a tilt to the horizontal mounting surface. The tilt brackets are held in place atop the flexible feet and connected link members thus creating a complete mounting structure.

  20. Neutron powder diffraction study of phase transitions in Sr{sub 2}SnO{sub 4}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fu, W.T. [Leiden Institute of Chemistry, Gorlaeus Laboratories, Leiden University, P.O. Box 9502, 2300 RA Leiden (Netherlands)]. E-mail: w.fu@chem.leidenuniv.nl; Visser, D. [NWO-Physics, ISIS Facility, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, Didcot, OX11 0QX (United Kingdom); Knight, K.S. [ISIS Facility, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, Didcot, OX11 0QX (United Kingdom); IJdo, D.J.W. [Leiden Institute of Chemistry, Gorlaeus Laboratories, Leiden University, P.O. Box 9502, 2300 RA Leiden (Netherlands)

    2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The phase transitions in Sr{sub 2}SnO{sub 4} at high temperature have been studied using high resolution time-of-flight powder neutron diffraction. The room temperature structure of Sr{sub 2}SnO{sub 4} is orthorhombic (Pccn), which can be derived from the tetragonal K{sub 2}NiF{sub 4} structure by tilting the SnO{sub 6} octahedra along the tetragonal [100]{sub T}- and [010]{sub T}-axes with non-equal tilts. At the temperature of about 423K, it transforms to another orthorhombic structure (Bmab) characterized by the SnO{sub 6} octahedral tilt around the [110]{sub T}-axis. At still higher temperatures ({approx}573K) the structure was found to be tetragonal K{sub 2}NiF{sub 4}-type (I4/mmm)

  1. Feasibility Study of Solar Photovoltaics on Landfills in Puerto Rico (Second Study)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Salasovich, J.; Mosey, G.

    2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents the results of an assessment of the technical and economic feasibility of deploying a solar photovoltaics (PV) system on landfill sites in Puerto Rico. The purpose of this report is to assess the landfills with the highest potential for possible solar PV installation and estimate cost, performance, and site impacts of three different PV options: crystalline silicon (fixed tilt), crystalline silicon (single-axis tracking), and thin film (fixed tilt). The report outlines financing options that could assist in the implementation of a system. According to the site production calculations, the most cost-effective system in terms of return on investment is the thin-film fixed-tilt technology. The report recommends financing options that could assist in the implementation of such a system. The landfills and sites considered in this report were all determined feasible areas in which to implement solar PV systems.

  2. Dissipationless Directed Transport in Rocked Single-Band Quantum Dynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiangbin Gong; Dario Poletti; Peter Hanggi

    2007-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Using matter waves that are trapped in a deep optical lattice, dissipationless directed transport is demonstrated to occur if the single-band quantum dynamics is periodically tilted on one half of the lattice by a monochromatic field. Most importantly, the directed transport can exist for almost all system parameters, even after averaged over a broad range of single-band initial states. The directed transport is theoretically explained within ac-scattering theory. Total reflection phenomena associated with the matter waves travelling from a tilting-free region to a tilted region are emphasized. The results are of relevance to ultracold physics and solid-state physics, and may lead to powerful means of selective, coherent, and directed transport of cold particles in optical lattices.

  3. Tiltmeter leveling mechanism

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hunter, Steven L. (Livermore, CA); Boro, Carl O. (Milpitas, CA); Farris, Alvis (late of Byron, CA)

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A tiltmeter device having a pair of orthogonally disposed tilt sensors that are levelable within an inner housing containing the sensors. An outer housing can be rotated to level at least one of the sensor pair while the inner housing can be rotated to level the other sensor of the pair. The sensors are typically rotated up to about plus or minus 100 degrees. The device is effective for measuring tilts in a wide range of angles of inclination of wells and can be employed to level a platform containing a third sensor.

  4. Tripartite entanglement in parametric down-conversion with spatially-structured pump

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. Daems; F. Bernard; N. J. Cerf; M. I. Kolobov

    2010-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Most investigations of multipartite entanglement have been concerned with temporal modes of the electromagnetic field, and have neglected its spatial structure. We present a simple model which allows to generate tripartite entanglement between spatial modes by parametric down-conversion with two symmetrically-tilted plane waves serving as a pump. The characteristics of this entanglement are investigated. We also discuss the generalization of our scheme to 2N+1-partite entanglement using 2N symmetrically-tilted plane pump waves. Another interesting feature is the possibility of entanglement localization in just two spatial modes.

  5. Droplets on Inclined Plates: Local and Global Hysteresis of Pinned Capillary Surfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michiel Musterd; Volkert van Steijn; Chris R. Kleijn; Michiel T. Kreutzer

    2014-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Local contact line pinning prevents droplets from rearranging to minimal global energy, and models for droplets without pinning cannot predict their shape. We show that experiments are much better described by a theory, developed herein, that does account for the constrained contact line motion, using as example droplets on tilted plates. We map out their shapes in suitable phase spaces. For 2D droplets, the critical point of maximum tilt depends on the hysteresis range and Bond number. In 3D, it also depends on the initial width, highlighting the importance of the deposition history.

  6. Anisotropic scattering effect of the inclined misfit dislocation on the two-dimensional electron gas in Al(In)GaN/GaN heterostructures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jin, Dong-Dong [Key Laboratory of Semiconductor Materials Science, and Beijing Key Laboratory of Low Dimensional Semiconductor Materials and Devices, Institute of Semiconductors, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 912, Beijing 100083 (China); Department of Physics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China); Wang, Lian-shan, E-mail: ls-wang@semi.ac.cn; Yang, Shao-Yan, E-mail: sh-yyang@semi.ac.cn; Li, Hui-jie; Zhang, Heng; Wang, Jian-xia; Xiang, Ruo-fei; Wei, Hong-yuan; Jiao, Chun-mei; Liu, Xiang-Lin; Zhu, Qin-Sheng, E-mail: qszhu@semi.ac.cn; Wang, Zhan-Guo [Key Laboratory of Semiconductor Materials Science, and Beijing Key Laboratory of Low Dimensional Semiconductor Materials and Devices, Institute of Semiconductors, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 912, Beijing 100083 (China); Zhang, Liu-Wan [Department of Physics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China)

    2014-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, a theory is developed to study the anisotropic scattering effect of the inclined misfit dislocation on the two-dimensional electron gas in Al(In)GaN/GaN heterostructures. The inclined misfit dislocation, which differs from the well-known vertical threading dislocation, has a remarkable tilt angle from the vertical. The predicted electron mobility shows a remarkable anisotropy. It has a maximum mobility value along the direction perpendicular to the projection of the inclined dislocation line, and a minimum mobility value along the direction parallel to the projection. The degree of the anisotropic scattering effect will be even greater with the increase of the tilt angle.

  7. An Analysis of the Impact of Flexible Coupling Misalignment on Rotordynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Avendano Ovalle, Raul David

    2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    synchronous 1N component and a relatively small ? frequency component. The response with the 8-bolt coupling had a 0.4N component that was larger than the 1N component. A 5-tilting pad journal bearing was also tested to better understand its behavior... under misalignment because some experts attribute the 2N response to the nonlinear forces produced by bearings with high unit loads. The response of the 5-tilting pad bearing did not produce any 2N components while the bearing was subjected to unit...

  8. Novel Approach to Conformal FINFET Extension Doping

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zschaetzsch, G.; Vandervorst, W. [imec Kapeldreef 75, B-3001 Leuven (Belgium); Hoffmann, T. Y.; Horiguchi, N. [Instituut voor Kern- en Stralingsfysica, K.U. Leuven, B-3001 Leuven (Belgium); Hautala, J.; Shao, Y. [TEL Epion Inc., 37 Manning Road, Billerica, MA, 01821 (United States)

    2011-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents a novel strategy to achieve conformal FINFET extension doping with low tilt-angle beam-line ion implantation. The process relies on the self-aligned cap layer formation exclusively on top of the FIN to tune doping levels in this particular area by partial dopant trapping. The conformality itself is evaluated for n- and p-type dopants by a novel extraction method applied to FIN resistor test structures. Furthermore, the process was integrated into a full NMOS device flow and compared to a highly tilted and more conformal As implant condition.

  9. Chassis stabilization system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Claxton, Gerald L. (Fresno, CA)

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A stabilizing suspension system is provided for vehicles carrying telescopic booms or aerial work platforms having a fixed axle and a oscillating axle. Hydraulic cylinders are connected to each end of the oscillating axle, each cylinder being capable of extending and retracting. An off level sensor senses the angle of tilt of the chassis in both left and right directions and, when a predetermined threshold of tilt has been detected, the hydraulic cylinder on the downhill side of the chassis is locked against retracting, but is free to move in the downhill direction to allow the downhill wheel to remain in contact with the ground.

  10. Azimuthal Dependence of Pion Interferometry at the AGS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E895 Collaboration; M. A. Lisa; N. N. Ajitanand; J. M. Alexander; M. Anderson; D. Best; F. P. Brady; T. Case; W. Caskey; D. Cebra; J. L. Chance; P. Chung; B. Cole; K. Crowe; A. C. Das; J. E. Draper; M. L. Gilkes; S. Gushue; M. Heffner; A. S. Hirsch; E. L. Hjort; L. Huo; M. Justice; M. Kaplan; D. Keane; J. C. Kintner; J. Klay; D. Krofcheck; R. A. Lacey; J. Lauret; H. Liu; Y. M. Liu; R. McGrath; Z. Milosevich; G. Odyniec; D. L. Olson; S. Y. Panitkin; C. Pinkenburg; N. T. Porile; G. Rai; H. G. Ritter; J. L. Romero; R. Scharenberg; L. Schroeder; B. Srivastava; N. T. B. Stone; T. J. M. Symons; R. Wells; J. Whitfield; T. Wienold; R. Witt; L. Wood; W. N. Zhang

    2000-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Two-pion correlation functions, measured as a function of azimuthal emission angle with respect to the reaction plane, provide novel information on the anisotropic shape and orientation of the pion-emitting zone formed in heavy ion collisions. We present the first experimental determination of this information, for semi-central Au+Au collisions at 2-6 AGeV. The source extension perpendicular to the reaction plane is greater than the extension in the plane, and tilt of the pion source in coordinate space is found to be opposite its tilt in momentum space.

  11. Surface Radiation from GOES: A Physical Approach; Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Habte, A.; Sengupta, M.; Wilcox, S.

    2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Models to compute Global Horizontal Irradiance (GHI) and Direct Normal Irradiance (DNI) have been in development over the last 3 decades. These models can be classified as empirical or physical, based on the approach. Empirical models relate ground based observations with satellite measurements and use these relations to compute surface radiation. Physical models consider the radiation received from the earth at the satellite and create retrievals to estimate surface radiation. While empirical methods have been traditionally used for computing surface radiation for the solar energy industry the advent of faster computing has made operational physical models viable. The Global Solar Insolation Project (GSIP) is an operational physical model from NOAA that computes GHI using the visible and infrared channel measurements from the GOES satellites. GSIP uses a two-stage scheme that first retrieves cloud properties and uses those properties in a radiative transfer model to calculate surface radiation. NREL, University of Wisconsin and NOAA have recently collaborated to adapt GSIP to create a 4 km GHI and DNI product every 30 minutes. This paper presents an outline of the methodology and a comprehensive validation using high quality ground based solar data from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Surface Radiation (SURFRAD) (http://www.srrb.noaa.gov/surfrad/sitepage.html) and Integrated Surface Insolation Study (ISIS) http://www.srrb.noaa.gov/isis/isissites.html), the Solar Radiation Research Laboratory (SRRL) at National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), and Sun Spot One (SS1) stations.

  12. Investigation of factors influencing infrared roof moisture surveys using a mathematical model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Childs, K.W.; Courville, G.E.; Childs, P.W.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In low sloped roofing systems using porous insulation, the presence of water can significantly degrade thermal performance. Because of the different thermal characteristics of wet and dry insulation, there is often a surface temperature differential between areas of wet and dry insulation. Under the right circumstances, the areas of wet insulation can be detected by means of infrared sensing techniques. To better define the conditions under which infrared techniques can distinguish between areas of wet and dry insulation, a mathematical model was developed. This model is a one-dimensional, transient heat transfer model of a roofing system. The model considers conduction through the roof, insolation, radiant exchange between roof and sky, convective heat transfer between the roof and air, and the influence of moisture trapped in insulation. For one particular roof system, a parametric study was undertaken using this model to determine the influence of moisture content, outside air temperature, wind speed, insolation, sky temperature, and other factors on the roof surface temperature. Preliminary recommendations for employing thermal sensing techniques to locate wet insulation are developed.

  13. Current performance and potential improvements in solar thermal industrial heat

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hale, M.J.; Williams, T.; Barker, G.

    1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A representive current state-of-the-art system using parabolic trough technology was developed using data from a system recently installed in Tehachapi, California. A simulation model was used to estimate the annual energy output from the system at three different insolation locations. Based on discussions with industry personnel and within NREL, we identified a number of technology improvements that offer the potential for increasing the energy performance and reducing the energy-cost of the baseline system. The technology improvements modeled included an evacuated-tube receiver, an antireflective coating on the receiver tube, an improved absorber material, a cleaner reflecting surface, a reflecting surface that can withstand contact cleaning, and two silver reflectors. The properties associated with the improvements were incorporated into the model simulation at the three insolation locations to determine if there were any performance gains. The results showed that there was a potential for a more am 50% improvement in the annual energy delivered by a 2677 m{sup 2} system incorporating a combination of the enumerated technology improvements. We discuss the commercial and technological status of each design improvement and present performance predictions for the trough-design improvements.

  14. Current performance and potential improvements in solar thermal industrial heat

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hale, M.J.; Williams, T.; Barker, G.

    1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A representive current state-of-the-art system using parabolic trough technology was developed using data from a system recently installed in Tehachapi, California. A simulation model was used to estimate the annual energy output from the system at three different insolation locations. Based on discussions with industry personnel and within NREL, we identified a number of technology improvements that offer the potential for increasing the energy performance and reducing the energy-cost of the baseline system. The technology improvements modeled included an evacuated-tube receiver, an antireflective coating on the receiver tube, an improved absorber material, a cleaner reflecting surface, a reflecting surface that can withstand contact cleaning, and two silver reflectors. The properties associated with the improvements were incorporated into the model simulation at the three insolation locations to determine if there were any performance gains. The results showed that there was a potential for a more am 50% improvement in the annual energy delivered by a 2677 m[sup 2] system incorporating a combination of the enumerated technology improvements. We discuss the commercial and technological status of each design improvement and present performance predictions for the trough-design improvements.

  15. The use of predictive lithostratigraphy to significantly improve the ability to forecast reservoir and source rocks? Final CRADA report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Doctor, R. D.; Moore, T. L.; Energy Systems

    2010-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this CRADA, which ended in 2003, was to make reservoir and source rock distribution significantly more predictable by quantifying the fundamental controls on stratigraphic heterogeneity. To do this, the relationships among insolation, climate, sediment supply, glacioeustasy, and reservoir and source rock occurrence were investigated in detail. Work current at the inception of the CRADA had uncovered previously unrecognized associations among these processes and properties that produce a phenomenon that, when properly analyzed, will make lithostratigraphic variability (including texture, porosity, and permeability) substantially more understandable. Computer climate simulations of selected time periods, compared with the global distribution of paleoclimatic indicators, documented spatial and temporal climate changes as a function of insolation and provided quantitative changes in runoff, lake level, and glacioeustasy. The effect of elevation and climate on sediment yield was assessed numerically by analyzing digital terrain and climate data. The phase relationships of climate, yield, and glacioeustatic cycles from the Gulf of Mexico and/or other sedimentary basins were assessed by using lacunarity, a statistical technique.

  16. Estimating solar access of typical residential rooftops: A case study in San Jose, CA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Levinson, Ronnen M.; Gupta, Smita; Akbari, Hashem; Pomerantz, Melvin

    2008-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Shadows cast by trees and buildings can limit the solar access of rooftop solar-energy systems, including photovoltaic panels and thermal collectors. This study characterizes rooftop shading in a residential neighborhood of San Jose, CA, one of four regions analyzed in a wider study of the solar access of California homes.High-resolution orthophotos and LiDAR (Light Detection And Ranging) measurements of surface height were used to create a digital elevation model of all trees and buildings in a 4 km2 residential neighborhood. Hourly shading of roofing planes (the flat elements of roofs) was computed geometrically from the digital elevation model. Parcel boundaries were used to determine the extent to which roofing planes were shaded by trees and buildings in neighboring parcels.In the year in which surface heights were measured (2005), shadows from all sources ("total shading") reduced the insolation received by S-, SW-, and W-facing residential roofing planes in the study area by 13 - 16percent. Shadows cast by trees and buildings in neighboring parcels reduced insolation by no more than 2percent. After 30 years of simulated maximal tree growth, annual total shading increased to 19 - 22percent, and annual extraparcel shading increased to 3 - 4percent.

  17. Case histories of EVA encapsulant discoloration in fielded modules

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Agro, S.; Galica, J.; Holley, W.H.; Yorgensen, R.S. (Springborn Laboratories Inc., Enfield, Connecticut 06082 (United States))

    1994-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    A survey of case histories of EVA-based encapsulant discoloration in fielded modules in the U. S. reveals that the problem is limited to areas of the West and Southwest that have comparatively high solar insolation and ambient temperature. There have been no reported cases of discolored EVA encapsulant from modules fielded in the Northeast, Central U. S., or Western Europe. The absence of hard data regarding module operating temperatures, solar insolation, onset of discoloration, and quantitative information regarding the degree of discoloration has made correlation between various fabrication, placement, and operating conditions and incidence of discoloration difficult it not impossible. However, the degree of discoloration does appear to correlate with increasing average daily direct normal solar radiation and approximate maximum module operating temperature, as estimated from maximum ambient temperatures. It is clear that the discoloration problem is not limited to the modules of any one manufacturer, however, the rate and degree of discoloration do appear to vary from company to company. Also, discoloration is not limited to EVA encapsulant sheet from any one supplier.

  18. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Standiford, Richard B.

    that are housed at the Forest Service combustion labo- ratories are fixed in the buildings and cannot be tilted particles to field-scale tests.12 Laboratory tests using constructed fuel beds have com- monly been used A fixed position wind tunnel with a mov- USDA Forest Ser

  19. Method for Centering of Metal Strips

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Szmolyan, Peter

    of the belt and automatically manipulate the cooling or heating. Vienna University of Technology | Research. State-of­the-art methods like pinch rolls mounted in a rotating frame, swivel or tilt of guide rolls all. Benefits · The contactless technology is optimally suited for sensitive strips with high-quality surface

  20. Response of a Simulated Hurricane to Misalignment Forcing Compared to the Predictions of a Simple Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schecter, David

    Response of a Simulated Hurricane to Misalignment Forcing Compared to the Predictions of a Simple This paper compares the tilt dynamics of a mature hurricane simulated with a conventional cloud model (CM-developed hurricane on the f-plane exposed to a finite period of idealized misalignment forcing. A complementary

  1. Optical Studies of Monolayers at the Air/Water Interface

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mazur, Eric

    .2.2 Industrial applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 2.3 Two of these monolayer phases. In one experiment a combination of two techniques, laser light scattering and Brewster is demonstrated by comparison to previously performed x-ray scattering experiments. The tilt angle of a monolayer

  2. Magnetic and antimagnetic rotation in covariant density functional theory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhao, P. W.; Liang, H. Z.; Peng, J.; Ring, P.; Zhang, S. Q.; Meng, J. [State Key Lab Nucl. Phys. and Tech., School of Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Department of Physics, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875 (China); State Key Lab Nucl. Phys. and Tech., School of Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China) and Physik Department, Technische Universitat Muenchen, D-85747 Garching (Germany); State Key Lab Nucl. Phys. and Tech., School of Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); State Key Lab Nucl. Phys. and Tech., School of Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China) and Department of Physics, University of Stellenbosch, Stellenbosch (South Africa)

    2012-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Progress on microscopic and self-consistent description of the magnetic rotation and antimagnetic rotation phenomena in tilted axis cranking relativistic mean-field theory based on a point-coupling interaction are briefly reviewed. In particular, the microscopic pictures of the shears mechanism in {sup 60}Ni and the two shears-like mechanism in {sup 105}Cd are discussed.

  3. Minimally-invasive Wearable Sensors and Data Processing Methods for Mental Stress Detection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Choi, Jongyoon

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    ................................................................ 70 5.4 Spectral weighting .............................................................................................. 72 5.5 Summary of the proposed methods .................................................................... 73 ix Page 6... posture, and (c) SNS is dominant during tilt posture. ................................................................................. 21 Figure 13. Different activation modes and psychological markers. (a) ANS branches exhibit four different...

  4. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION DOI: 10.1038/NPHYS2493

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McEuen, Paul L.

    ) and back gate (BG) potentials at a base lattice temperature of 10 K. A small source-drain bias was applied photodetector device conductance ( 100 S) across the source-drain electrodes as a function of top gate (TG. The vertically aligned blue region corresponds to the Dirac point with respect to the back gate, and the tilted

  5. Rotation Angle for the Optimum Tracking of One-Axis Trackers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marion, W. F.; Dobos, A. P.

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An equation for the rotation angle for optimum tracking of one-axis trackers is derived along with equations giving the relationships between the rotation angle and the surface tilt and azimuth angles. These equations are useful for improved modeling of the solar radiation available to a collector with tracking constraints and for determining the appropriate motor revolutions for optimum tracking.

  6. Gravitational lensing of quasars by edge-on spiral galaxies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Emily P

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this thesis, I studied the lensed quasar CX2201-3201, which is lensed by an edge-on spiral galaxy. The unusually high tilt of the spiral galaxy provides us with a rare opportunity for mass modeling. In addition, the ...

  7. Adaptive Optics Installation and Operation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    light passes through a 6 mm thick plane parallel plate that can be tilted by the action of two geared, or change in magnification. Our testing has verified these results. The window is AR coated with the same high quality coating on our ST chamber window, and has less than 1% reflection per surface from 400

  8. Seismic and acoustic observations at Mount Erebus Volcano, Ross Island, Antarctica, 19941998

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rowe, Charlotte

    the lava lake surface; however, this depth could be exaggerated by near-field radial tilt. Seismic and Kienle, 1986; Kaminuma, 1994). Additional remote monitoring included infrasonic microphones (Dibble et al., 1984; Kaminuma et al., 1985) and, from 1986 to 1990, television surveillance of the lava lake (Dibble

  9. Denaturing Urea PAGE -Large Gel Preparation of Glass Plates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aris, John P.

    tube. Mix. Pour ~2.5 mls on inside surface of long glass plate. Spread and polish with Kimwipes. Repeat gel solution down middle of glass plates with 25 ml pipette. Do not trap bubbles in gel. Adjust flow rate with tilt of gel. Place gel close to horizontal (top end slightly elevated). Insert comb. Do

  10. Under consideration for publication in J. Fluid Mech. 1 Deformation of soap films pushed through

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    flow of an isolated soap film pushed through a tube of constant section. We especially quantify over. The tube is tilted upwards with an angle of about 20 with respect to the horizontal, so that the plastic tubes at high velocity Benjamin Dollet1 and Isabelle Cantat1 1 Institut de Physique de Rennes, UMR 6251

  11. Viewable image size Max view area (W x H)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saskatchewan, University of

    standards Environmental Preset resolutions Presets / user settings Viewing adjustments Rotating screen: 1920x1200 Standard presets: 30; user settings: 20 Tilt: 30° back, 0° forward; lift: 4.3" (110mm rotation support from graphics controller) On screen display with digital user controls (8 languages

  12. Viewable image size Max view area (W x H)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saskatchewan, University of

    -compliant2 Power management Ergonomics Emission standards Environmental Preset resolutions Presets / user+: 1440x900 UXGA: 1600x1000 WSXGA+: 1680x1050 Standard presets: 24; user settings: 20 Tilt: 30° back, 0 to portrait (requires image rotation support from graphics controller) On screen display with digital user

  13. JOURNAL OF MICROELECTROMECHANICAL SYSTEMS, VOL. 14, NO. 4, AUGUST 2005 707 A Single-Crystal Silicon Symmetrical and Decoupled

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akin, Tayfun

    Optical cross-connect system based on the White cell and three-state microelectromechanical system on the optical White cell and a three-state microelectromechanical system tilting mirror array. We describe. Here, however, we are interested in free-space sys- tems using microelectromechanical systems (MEMSs

  14. JOURNAL OF MICROELECTROMECHANICAL SYSTEMS, VOL. 12, NO. 3, JUNE 2003 233 Corner-Cube Retroreflectors Based on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kahn, Joseph M.

    on microelectromechanical system tip/tilt mirror technology and the White cell. This is a free-space approach in which many addressed. Index Terms--Microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) de- vices, optical communications, optical are the interconnects based on microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) devices, of which many ingenious types have been

  15. Experimental determination of foundation properties without shaker tests

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sampathkumar, Varadharajan

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    tests performed at the tilting pad bearing interface. The instrumentation used for this testing were ~ DYMAC M81- Velocity transducer. ~ PCB 086B20 ? Impedance hammer with the hard tip. ~ PCB 480D06 Power unit (power the hammer). 22 ~ HP Dual...

  16. Observation of emission from chaotic lasing modes in deformed microspheres: displacement by the stable orbit modes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nöckelm, Jens

    Observation of emission from chaotic lasing modes in deformed microspheres: displacement at different tilt angles with simulations of ray emission from prolate deformed lasing micro-droplets, we must reside in the chaotic region of the ray phase space. In particular, maximum emission from

  17. Multi-wavelength constraints on the inflationary consistency relation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meerburg, P Daniel; Hadzhiyska, Boryana; Meyers, Joel

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present the first attempt to use a combination of CMB, LIGO, and PPTA data to constrain both the tilt and the running of primordial tensor power spectrum through constraints on the gravitational wave energy density generated in the early universe. Combining measurements at different cosmological scales highlights how complementary data can be used to test the predictions of early universe models including the inflationary consistency relation. Current data prefers a slightly positive tilt ($n_t = 0.13^{+0.54}_{-0.75}$) and a negative running ($n_{t, {\\rm run}} < -0.25$) for the tensor power spectrum spectrum. Interestingly, the addition of direct gravitational wave detector data puts strong bounds on the tensor-to-scalar ratio $r < 0.2 $ since the large positive tensor tilt preferred by the Planck temperature power spectrum is no longer allowed. We comment on possible effects of a large positive tilt on the background expansion and show that depending on the assumptions regarding the UV cutoff ($k_{\\...

  18. Some effects of position on the roentgenographic diagnosis of dislocation at the infant hip

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blank, E.

    1981-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    X-ray findings in the examination of the hips in infants depend upon the position of the infant during the examination. Each of three variables of position, (1) pelvic tilt, (2) abduction of the femurs, and (3) external rotation of the femurs, affects the apparent relation but not the real relation between the acetabulum and the femur.

  19. Modeling and Simulation of a Two wheeled vehicle with suspensions by using Robotic Formalism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    , France (Philippe.chevrel@emn.fr) Abstract: Models, simulators and control strategies are required tools in various situations (e.g. for control application) as simplified model for 3 or 4 wheeled (tilting) cars. In that way, the dynamic model is easy to implement and the system can be used for control applications

  20. Introduction For millennia people have known about the sun's energy potential, using it in passive

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aalberts, Daniel P.

    oriented panel. It makes intuitive sense, therefore, that we should try to have solar panels perpendicular In a perfect solar energy world, one without weather, the ideal tilt for a fixed solar panel is equal to generate solar electricity in Williamstown. Thus, for optimal productivity, the panels should be flatter

  1. Sunlight, Clouds, and Climate Charlie Zender

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zender, Charles

    of temperature, rainfall, wind... ­ Averages taken over 1000's of miles, many years ­ Climate is intrinsically" = "Radiation" = "Light" = "Photons" ­ Photons are Light travel at the speed of light ­ Photons travel like (Axial tilt): 41 ka cycle ­ Angle of inclination cycles from 22.1­24.5 ­ Angle is 23.5 now

  2. Atomistic modeling of the fracture of polycrystalline diamond O. A. Shenderova and D. W. Brenner

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brenner, Donald W.

    Atomistic modeling of the fracture of polycrystalline diamond O. A. Shenderova and D. W. Brenner characteristic of GB toughness. Crack propagation in polycrystalline diamond samples under an applied load of several 001 and 011 symmetrical tilt grain boundaries GB's in diamond. Cohesive energies, the work

  3. Northwestern University's Atomic and Nanoscale Characterization Experimental Center

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grzybowski, Bartosz A.

    . #12;FIB Facility Instruments FEI Helios NanoLab · Dual-beam FIB/SEM; simultaneous FIB milling and SEMV and low energy milling capabilities #12;SEM, TEM & S/TEM capabilities Hitachi SU8030 & S4800-II SEM & EELS with automated line scans and maps · Gatan double-tilt heating stage (up to 1100 degrees) · Low

  4. MSU Extension Publication Archive Archive copy of publication, do not use for current recommendations. Up-to-date

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Typical Uses. Active vs Passive systems. Choosing a Design. Solar Heating Principles 3 Tilt of the Earth in Passive Solar Greenhouses 39 Food Production. Ornamentals. Crop Management. Greenhouse Management. Plant recommendations. Up-to-date information about many topics can be obtained from your local Extension office. Solar

  5. Neural Computation 12(7):1721-1740, 2000.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    RF-LISSOM, a self-organizing model of laterally connected orientation maps in the primary visual cortex, was used to study the psychological phenomenon known as the tilt aftereffect. The same self-organizing processes that are responsible for the long-term development of the map are shown to result in tilt aftereffects over short time scales in the adult. The model permits simultaneous observation of large numbers of neurons and connections, making it possible to relate high-level phenomena to low-level events, which is difficult to do experimentally. The results give detailed computational support for the long-standing conjecture that the direct tilt aftereffect arises from adaptive lateral interactions between feature detectors. They also make a new prediction that the indirect effect results from the normalization of synaptic efficacies during this process. The model thus provides a unified computational explanation of self-organization and both the direct and indirect tilt aftereffect in the primary visual cortex.

  6. Geophysical Research Abstracts Vol. 13, EGU2011-9360-4, 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Tech and the German Aerospace Center (DLR), aiming at estimating surface downwelling solar irradiance (SSI of cloudless shortwave solar spectra incident on horizontal, tilted, or tracking surfaces, Solar energy, vol irradiance database for worldwide solar heat gain and building cooling load calculations. Solar Energy, vol

  7. Model 4: Sustainability of Interdependent Systems Related disciplines Narrative Learning themes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zaferatos, Nicholas C.

    particular sun, tilt, rotation, temperature, and large single moon created a laboratory for life. What makes, and currents distribute water and heat, Resource distribution and renewability; Water supply and quality; inter supply; pollution; non-native species; resource allocation and distribution, social well- being

  8. SII Curriculum Model 5 Learning Goals: Students

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zaferatos, Nicholas C.

    : How our planet took form, and how its distance from our particular sun, tilt, rotation, temperature Science I : Origins natural history Nonrenewable resources; distribution of raw materials Geologic Systems oceans, rivers, streams, rain, ice, tides, winds, and currents distribute water and heat around

  9. CO-NO and CO-O2 Interactions on Cu(100) between 25 and 200 K Studied with Infrared Reflection Absorption Spectroscopy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goodman, Wayne

    CO-NO and CO-O2 Interactions on Cu(100) between 25 and 200 K Studied with Infrared Reflection reflection absorption spectroscopy (IRAS) has been used to study CO-NO and CO-O2 interactions on Cu(100) between 25 and 200 K. A strong repulsive interaction between CO and NO on Cu(100) at 25 K causes tilting

  10. The Solar Dynamo I M.R.E.Proctor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 The Solar Dynamo I M.R.E.Proctor DAMTP, University of Cambridge Leeds, 6 September 2005 #12;2 Indicators of the Solar Cycle: Sunspots ·Cyclical behaviour of the Sun is shown by the evolution of sunspots magnetic field (~3000G) ·Axes of bipolar spots tilted by ~4 deg with respect to equator ·Part of the solar

  11. Generated using V3.1.2 of the official AMS LATEX templatejournal page layout FOR AUTHOR USE ONLY, NOT FOR SUBMISSION! Connecting Antarctic Cross-Slope Exchange with Southern Ocean Overturning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stewart, Andrew

    for the MOC (Marshall and Speer 2012). Here strong, mid-latitude westerly winds produce an isopycnal tilt shelf (Speer et al. 2000). In certain regions, largely confined to the Weddell and Ross Seas the most climatically important over millennial timescales (Marshall and Speer 2012). AABW consists largely

  12. EELE408 Photovoltaics Lecture 22: Grid Tied Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaiser, Todd J.

    14 Inverter Electrical Panel Monitoring Exterior Labeled PV Disconnect Required 15 Inverter 16 Photovoltaic Generator AC Load Inverter & Metering 2 Generator Grid g Example: Most Home Systems Roof Anchor City Hall 11 Two inverters in this systems Photovoltaic & Solar Heating 12 Hot water tilted for winter

  13. Rotordynamic Performance of a Flexure Pivot Pad Bearing with Active and Locked Integral Squeeze Film Damper Including Predictions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agnew, Jeffrey Scott

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Tests are performed on a flexure-pivot-pad tilting-pad bearing with a series integral squeeze film damper in load-between-pads configuration, with both active and locked damper. The damper effects are negated when locked, resulting in a flexure-pivot-pad...

  14. 78 The Open Atmospheric Science Journal, 2010, 4, 78-87 1874-2823/10 2010 Bentham Open

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wm-2 in some cases. Given the low cost, low weight, and low power consumption of the SPN1 total Unmanned Aerial Vehicles and solar powered buoys now become feasible using our methodology. The increase are sorely needed and must be made on ships and buoys. Keywords: Tilt correction, shortwave irradiance, solar

  15. Reprinted from JOURNAL OF ATMOSPHERIC AND OCEANIC TECHNOLOGY, Vol. 12, No. 3, June 1995 American Meteorological Society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Jerome A.

    to estimate the frequency-wavenumber power content for each sonar beam. The directional information is converted into the first four circular Fourier components at each frequency (including the mean power in the open ocean. A work- horse of most such data sets to date has been the tilt and roll buoy. While much

  16. NATIONAL RADIO ASTRONOMY OBSERVATORY GREEN BANK, WEST VIRGINIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Groppi, Christopher

    diodes and provides a fairly wide square law range. The curve is adjusted by varying the DC load that the load changed the shape of the error curve as well as the tilt. It appeared to be an indirect method of curve control. In the process of experimenting with the circuit it was discovered that source impedance

  17. Dose calculation methodology for irradiation treatment of complex-shaped foods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Jongsoon

    2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

    of apple phantom, tilting and axial rotation ensures dose distribution of the entire surface of the phantom, even reaching the critical regions of the apple stem and calyx ends. For 1 and 5 MeV X-ray simulations, both depth-dose curves show exponential...

  18. Advances in Adaptive Data Analysis Vol. 1, No. 3 (2009) 407424

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Company APPLICATION OF THE EMPIRICAL MODE DECOMPOSITION TO FIELD TILTMETER DATA FOR HYDRAULIC FRACTURE of field tiltmeter data collected to monitor and map hydraulic fractures. The fracture-related tilt to obtain the volume and orientation of the hydraulic fractures. Physically reasonable prediction

  19. Real Time Monitoring of Subsidence Along I-70 in Washington, Pennsylvania Kevin M. O==Connor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    a conveyor that transports it to another loading point. Hydraulic roof supports are advanced behind about tilt affecting the hydraulic performance of reinforced concrete box culverts underlying the shearer and the mine roof and overlying rock fracture and collapse into the void behind the supports

  20. Deterministic Ratchets, Circle Maps, and Current Reversals R. Salgado-Garcia,1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aldana, Maximino

    Deterministic Ratchets, Circle Maps, and Current Reversals R. Salgado-Garci´a,1,2 M. Aldana,2 and G the deterministic dynamics of an overdamped tilting ratchet into a discrete dynamical map by looking the necessary and sufficient conditions that the ratchet potential must satisfy in order to have a vanishing

  1. Automating Inspection and Documentation of Remote Building Construction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldberg, Ken

    construction sites. Index Terms-- automation, construction, networked robots, pan-tilt-zoom camera, panoramic of the construction process over time to reduce travel costs and human risk. Recent developments in wireless1 Automating Inspection and Documentation of Remote Building Construction using a Robotic Camera

  2. Slow light with flat or offset band edges in few-mode fiber with two gratings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , C. J. Handmer2, C. Martijn de Sterke2 and M. J. Steel3 1 ARC Center of Excellence for Ultrahigh waveguides with dual Bragg gratings," Electron. Lett. 38, 1049­1051 (2002). 10. T. Erdogan and J. E. Sipe, "Tilted fiber phase gratings," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 13, 296­313 (1996). 11. S. K. Case, "Coupled-wave theory

  3. BAROCLINIC VORTICITY PRODUCTION IN PROTOPLANETARY DISKS. II. VORTEX GROWTH AND LONGEVITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Julien, Keith

    BAROCLINIC VORTICITY PRODUCTION IN PROTOPLANETARY DISKS. II. VORTEX GROWTH AND LONGEVITY Mark R -- instabilities -- methods: numerical -- solar system: formation -- turbulence Online material: color figures 1 the surface. Thus, the potential energy of the tilted isopycnals is converted into the kinetic energy

  4. Efficiency of Mixing Forced by Unsteady Shear Flow RYUICHIRO INOUE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smyth, William David

    Efficiency of Mixing Forced by Unsteady Shear Flow RYUICHIRO INOUE Department of Physics form 18 December 2008) ABSTRACT The dependence of mixing efficiency on time-varying forcing is studied frame and allowing the tilt angle to vary in time. Mixing efficiency Gc is defined as the ratio

  5. Membrane Tension, Lipid Adaptation, Conformational Changes, and Energetics in MscL Gating

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rui, Huan; Kumar, Ritesh; Im, Wonpil

    2011-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

    -MscL) is used as a model system; Tb-MscL acts as a safety valve by releasing small osmolytes through the channel opening under extreme hypoosmotic conditions. Based on the assumption that the channel gating involves tilting of the transmembrane (TM) helices, we...

  6. Library Protocol Safety and Security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oxford, University of

    Library Protocol Safety and Security · The library is open only to members of Brasenose; strangers are not to be admitted. · Eating, drinking (with the exception of water) and smoking are strictly forbidden. · Library the library. · Lampshades must not be tilted or have notes, postcards etc attached to them; any such items

  7. Context is everything Sociality and privacy in online Social Network Sites

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Context is everything Sociality and privacy in online Social Network Sites Context is everything Sociality and privacy in online Social Network Sites Ronald LeenesRonald Leenes TILT ­ Tilburg Institute.e.leenes@tilburguniversity.nl Abstract. Social Network Sites (SNSs) pose many privacy issues. Apart from the fact that privacy

  8. Polarization of contact forces in multi-contact systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dumont, Serge

    ; Multi-scale Method ; Friction. Revue européenne des éléments finis. Volume 8 ­ no2/2005, pages 1 à 15, for example on the walls of a silo, are on the boundary of the Coulomb cone. 2. Continuous approaches offer an oblique free surface. For a dry and non cohesive material, it is, however, impossible to tilt

  9. Dipole trapped spheromak in a prolate flux conserver M. R. Brown,a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Michael R.

    Dipole trapped spheromak in a prolate flux conserver M. R. Brown,a C. D. Cothran, J. Fung, M. Chang reports the observation and characterization of a spheromak formed in the Swarthmore Spheromak Experiment. The spheromak is studied in a prolate tilt unstable 0.4 m diameter, 0.6 m length copper flux conserver in SSX

  10. Happy New Year 2003 from SSX-FRC! I just had a look at the e-mail I sent one year ago. We had a very suc-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Michael R.

    've been fully merging spheromaks with equal and opposite helicities (left and right handed) so that we spheromaks (all left handed or all right handed) tilt violently and completely in an Alfv´en time. We have, the toroidal field looks like a spheromak. In fact, our doublet CT objects seem to be spheromak

  11. Nowell,A.R.M.,P.A.Jumars,R.F.L.Self and J.B.Southard.1989. The effects of sediment transport and deposition on infauna

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jumars, Pete

    for the study of ripple migration generally either have been remote from sites of ecological expertise. #12;SIDE VIEW OF DRIVE SECTION PVC Turn, Section Cooling Fluid Space TOP VIEW Turning Section SIDE VIEW OF WORKING SECTION PVC Turning Section Cooling Fluid Space or Floor Stand (Tilting) PI glas Drive

  12. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ROBOTICS AND AUTOMATION, VOL. 17, NO. 1, FEBRUARY 2001 1 Visual Servoing by Partitioning Degrees of Freedom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oh, Paul

    --There are many design factors and choices when mounting a vision system for robot control. Such factors may a task does not require visually servoing every robot DOF, the designer must choose which ones to servo Cartesian gantry plus 2-DOF pan-tilt unit) robot. Index Terms--Coupled systems, gantry, hybrid robot, parti

  13. Pmceedngsof the1999IEEE InternationalConferenceon Robotics& Automation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allen, Peter K.

    DOF cartesian gantry robot. At the gantry's end-effecter is a 2-DOF pan-tilt unit (PTU). The net part, robot-mounted tool or gripper as it moves in the workcell. By its design, this robot has 2Pmceedngsof the1999IEEE InternationalConferenceon Robotics& Automation Detroit,MichigansMay 1999

  14. Visual servoing Francois Chaumette

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Concepts ­ Visual navigation ­ Visual tracking ­ Robot vision ­ Pan/Tilt/Zoom camera control ­ Image-guided robotic surgery Definition Visual servoing refers to the use of computer vision data as input of real time closed loop control schemes to control the motion of a dynamic system, a robot typically [8

  15. Symposium Essay: The Energy-Land Use Nexus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Outka, Uma

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of U.S. energy policy tilts away from fossil fuels. The Essay argues that the energy-land use nexus provides a useful frame for approaching policy to minimize points of conflict between energy goals on the one hand and land conservation on the other....

  16. Squall-Line Intensification via Hydrometeor Recirculation ROBERT B. SEIGEL AND SUSAN C. VAN DEN HEEVER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collett Jr., Jeffrey L.

    -level latent heating above low-level latent cooling in upshear-tilted squall lines, driving a midlevel mesolowSquall-Line Intensification via Hydrometeor Recirculation ROBERT B. SEIGEL AND SUSAN C. VAN DEN microphysics and deep moist convec- tion, especially for squall lines via cold pool pathways. The present study

  17. MEMS Fiber-Optic Variable Optical Attenuator using Collimating Lensed Fiber Che-Heung Kim, Jaehyoung Park, Namkyoo Park and Yong-Kweon Kim

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, Namkyoo

    ) Figure 1. Coupling schematic of lensed fibers (a) 3D model of VOA scheme (CODE V) (b) Estimated dynamic in DRIE process. The Figure 4 shows the coupling loss originated from tapered angle of mirror. A coupling variable optical attenuator using transnational 45degree tilted vertical mirror [1]. A couple of corn

  18. College of Technology and Innovation, March 27, 2013 Vocational Training and Education for Clean Energy (VOCTEC)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGraw, Kevin J.

    training in Suva, Fiji Students complete an exercise on solar irradiance and panel tilt angles #12;College" at the new town hall, and installation of approximately 1,000 small solar panels in existing and new) at Arizona State University (ASU) is a 5 year global program funded by the United States Agency

  19. Determination of linear optics functions from TBT data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alexahin, Y.; Gianfelice-Wendt, E.; /Fermilab

    2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A method for evaluation of coupled optics functions, detection of strong perturbing elements, determination of BPM calibration errors and tilts using turn-by-turn (TBT) data is presented as well as the new version of the Hamiltonian perturbation theory of betatron oscillations the method is based upon. An example of application of the considered method to the Tevatron is given.

  20. HYBRID DECADE-MEAN GLOBAL SEA LEVEL WITH MESOSCALE RESOLUTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    HYBRID DECADE-MEAN GLOBAL SEA LEVEL WITH MESOSCALE RESOLUTION Nikolai A. Maximenko1 and Pearn P of twin-satellite mission GRACE and mesoscale sea level tilt derived from the momentum balance as seen 55 #12;sea level exhibits excellent accuracy on mesoscale, but may contain significant systematic

  1. REAL-TIME OBJECT RECOGNITION BASED ON ACTIVE VISION AND SEQUENTIAL ANALYSIS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Behnke, Sven

    and invariant transformations, or by means of sensor adaptation. Active Vision can be defined as control of all noises. The simple pan-tilt movement of the camera allows to observe objects placed outside of the camera luminance simultaneously. Camera control means the change of internal electrical parameters or movement

  2. Dr. Eng. Mohammed, Ahmed M YOUSSEF Prof Maekawa , Koichi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and verificationRC Soil Models and verification VERIFICATION Flexure failure at the piles heads and buckling (time of peak ground acceleration) Soil lateral movement behind the quay wallSuper structure lateral Flexure failure at the piles heads and buckling at middle of piles were occurred and caused tilting

  3. 2014 GRADUATE STUDIES ENVIRONMENTAL FLUID MECHANICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Yuhang

    . Projects include: · Sediment transport and bridge scour · Wastewater dispersion in coastal waters-integrated and stimulating courses; create new knowledge through innovative experimental, computational and modeling research includes a large constant-head tank, a 4.3-meter wide sediment scour flume, a 24-meter long tilting flume

  4. Groundwater flow and groundwater-stream interaction in fractured and dipping sedimentary rocks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toran, Laura

    detailed numerical models to evaluate the effects of various factors that influence groundwater flow. Introduction [2] The rate and direction of groundwater flow at a given location is driven by hydraulic gradient], where groundwater occurs in tilted, fractured beds. A simple con- ceptual model of the hydrogeology

  5. 4593.ps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    variational approach allows us to largely unify and provide new self-contained ... results in this direction for problems of constrained optimization with c2-smooth data. ... This notion, as well as the previous one of tilt stability [35], has drawn.

  6. Automated Fresnel lens tester system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Phipps, G.S.

    1981-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An automated data collection system controlled by a desktop computer has been developed for testing Fresnel concentrators (lenses) intended for solar energy applications. The system maps the two-dimensional irradiance pattern (image) formed in a plane parallel to the lens, whereas the lens and detector assembly track the sun. A point detector silicon diode (0.5-mm-dia active area) measures the irradiance at each point of an operator-defined rectilinear grid of data positions. Comparison with a second detector measuring solar insolation levels results in solar concentration ratios over the image plane. Summation of image plane energies allows calculation of lens efficiencies for various solar cell sizes. Various graphical plots of concentration ratio data help to visualize energy distribution patterns.

  7. Solar resource: Utility load-matching assessment. Interim subcontract report, 20 September 1991--19 December 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Perez, R.; Seals, R.; Stewart, R. [State Univ. of New York, Albany, NY (United States). Atmospheric Sciences Research Center

    1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes work performed to estimate the load-matching capability of photovoltaics (PV) for a selected group of utilities in the continental United States. The report provides an initial quantitative estimate of this capability for 20 utilities. This characteristic is important because it may indicate that the effective capacity, hence the value, of PV is higher than is traditionally assigned to such non-controllable, non-dispatchable resources. Load-matching capability is determined experimentally by analyzing the interaction between the load requirements of each utility and the output of locally sited PV systems. This type of investigation requires site- and time-specific insolation data that are not commonly available. Here, the needed data were inferred from geostationary satellite remote sensing of the Earth`s cloud cover. A secondary objective of this study was to evaluate the suitability of this approach. The results of this investigation are presented in this report.

  8. Progress in passive solar energy systems. Volume 8. Part 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hayes, J.; Andrejko, D.A.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This book presents the papers given at a conference sponsored by the US DOE, the Solar Energy Research Institute, SolarVision, Inc., and the Southern California Solar Energy Society. The topics considered at the conference included sizing solar energy systems for agricultural applications, a farm scale ethanol production plant, the EEC wind energy RandD program, the passive solar performance assessment of an earth-sheltered house, the ARCO 1 MW photovoltaic power plant, the performance of a dendritic web photovoltaic module, second generation point focused concentrators, linear fresnel lens concentrating photovoltaic collectors, photovoltaic conversion efficiency, amorphous silicon thin film solar cells, a photovoltaic system for a shopping center, photovoltaic power generation for the utility industry, spectral solar radiation, and the analysis of insolation data.

  9. Environmental data for sites in the National Solar Data Network

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1981-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Environmental information collected at the sites of the National Solar Data Network is presented in the form of tables for each solar site. The sites are grouped into 12 zones, each of which consists of several adjacent states. The insolation table presents the total, diffuse, direct, maximum, and extraterrestrial radiation for the solar site. It also shows the ratio of total to extraterrestrial radiation as a percent. The temperature table gives the average, daytime, nighttime, maximum, minimum and inlet-water temperatures for the solar site. All of the passive and some of the active solar sites are equipped with wind sensors which provide information for two wind tables furnishing wind speed and direction. For some sites, a humidity table provides relative humidity values for day and night. It also gives values for the maximum and minimum humidity for each day. A technical discussion of the instruments and measurements used to obtain these data tables is included. (LEW)

  10. Solar Radiation Modeling and Measurements for Renewable Energy Applications: Data and Model Quality; Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Myers, D. R.

    2003-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Measurement and modeling of broadband and spectral terrestrial solar radiation is important for the evaluation and deployment of solar renewable energy systems. We discuss recent developments in the calibration of broadband solar radiometric instrumentation and improving broadband solar radiation measurement accuracy. An improved diffuse sky reference and radiometer calibration and characterization software and for outdoor pyranometer calibrations is outlined. Several broadband solar radiation model approaches, including some developed at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, for estimating direct beam, total hemispherical and diffuse sky radiation are briefly reviewed. The latter include the Bird clear sky model for global, direct beam, and diffuse terrestrial solar radiation; the Direct Insolation Simulation Code (DISC) for estimating direct beam radiation from global measurements; and the METSTAT (Meteorological and Statistical) and Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) models that estimate solar radiation from meteorological data. We conclude that currently the best model uncertainties are representative of the uncertainty in measured data.

  11. Texasgulf solar cogeneration program. Mid-term topical report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1981-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The status of technical activities of the Texasgulf Solar Cogeneration Program at the Comanche Creek Sulfur Mine is described. The program efforts reported focus on preparation of a system specification, selection of a site-specific configuration, conceptual design, and facility performance. Trade-off studies performed to select the site-specific cogeneration facility configuration that would be the basis for the conceptual design efforts are described. Study areas included solar system size, thermal energy storage, and field piping. The conceptual design status is described for the various subsystems of the Comanche Creek cogeneration facility. The subsystems include the collector, receiver, master control, fossil energy, energy storage, superheat boiler, electric power generation, and process heat subsystems. Computer models for insolation and performance are also briefly discussed. Appended is the system specification. (LEW)

  12. Climatic effects of nuclear war: The role of atmospheric stability and ground heat fluxes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mitchell, J.F.B.; Slingo, A.

    1988-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Most studies of the climatic effects of nuclear war have used atmospheric models with simple representations of important physical processes. In this work, a model is used which treats the diurnal cycle of insolation, and includes surface and boundary layer parameterizations which take into account static stability and a four-layer soil model. Three idealized experiments are described in which a band of smoke is prescribed over northern mid-latitudes in In the experiment, the standard model is used, in the second the effect of deep soil layers is ignored and in the third the stability dependence in the surface and boundary layer processes is removed. It is found that the inclusion of deep soil layers decreases the surface cooling by about 20%, whereas the inclusion of stability effects increases the cooling by about the same amount, though conclusions will depend to some extent on the model used. copyright American Geophysical Union 1988

  13. East-west faults due to planetary contraction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beuthe, Mikael

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Contraction, expansion and despinning have been common in the past evolution of Solar System bodies. These processes deform the lithosphere until it breaks along faults. The type and orientation of faults are usually determined under the assumption of a constant lithospheric thickness, but lithospheric thinning can occur at the equator or at the poles due either to latitudinal variation in solar insolation or to localized tidal dissipation. Using thin elastic shells with variable thickness, I show that the equatorial thinning of the lithosphere transforms the homogeneous and isotropic fault pattern caused by contraction/expansion into a pattern of faults striking east-west, preferably formed in the equatorial region. By contrast, lithospheric thickness variations only weakly affect the despinning faulting pattern consisting of equatorial strike-slip faults and polar normal faults. If contraction is added to despinning, the despinning pattern first shifts to thrust faults striking north-south and then to thrus...

  14. Test results, Industrial Solar Technology parabolic trough solar collector

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dudley, V.E. [EG and G MSI, Albuquerque, NM (United States); Evans, L.R.; Matthews, C.W. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Sandia National Laboratories and Industrial Solar Technology are cost-sharing development of advanced parabolic trough technology. As part of this effort, several configurations of an IST solar collector were tested to determine the collector efficiency and thermal losses with black chrome and black nickel receiver selective coatings, combined with aluminized film and silver film reflectors, using standard Pyrex{reg_sign} and anti-reflective coated Pyrex{reg_sign} glass receiver envelopes. The development effort has been successful, producing an advanced collector with 77% optical efficiency, using silver-film reflectors, a black nickel receiver coating, and a solgel anti-reflective glass receiver envelope. For each receiver configuration, performance equations were empirically derived relating collector efficiency and thermal losses to the operating temperature. Finally, equations were derived showing collector performance as a function of input insolation value, incident angle, and operating temperature.

  15. Decentalized solar photovoltaic energy systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Krupka, M. C.

    1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Environmental data for decentralized solar photovoltaic systems have been generated in support of the Technology Assessment of Solar Energy Systems program (TASE). Emphasis has been placed upon the selection and use of a model residential photovoltaic system to develop and quantify the necessary data. The model consists of a reference home located in Phoenix, AZ, utilizing a unique solar cell array-roof shingle combination. Silicon solar cells, rated at 13.5% efficiency at 28/sup 0/C and 100 mW/cm/sup 2/ (AMI) insolation are used to generate approx. 10 kW (peak). An all-electric home is considered with lead-acid battery storage, dc-ac inversion and utility backup. The reference home is compared to others in regions of different insolation. Major material requirements, scaled to quad levels of end-use energy include significant quantities of silicon, copper, lead, antimony, sulfuric acid and plastics. Operating residuals generated are negligible with the exception of those from the storage battery due to a short (10-year) lifetime. A brief general discussion of other environmental, health, and safety and resource availability impacts is presented. It is suggested that solar cell materials production and fabrication may have the major environmental impact when comparing all facets of photovoltaic system usage. Fabrication of the various types of solar cell systems involves the need, handling, and transportation of many toxic and hazardous chemicals with attendant health and safety impacts. Increases in production of such materials as lead, antimony, sulfuric acid, copper, plastics, cadmium and gallium will be required should large scale usage of photovoltaic systems be implemented.

  16. A novel power block for CSP systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mittelman, Gur [ASP Ltd., Advanced Solar Power, Industrial Zone, Be'er Tuviyya (Israel); Epstein, Michael [Solar Research Facilities Unit, Weizmann Institute of Science (Israel)

    2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Concentrating Solar Thermal Power (CSP) and in particular parabolic trough, is a proven large-scale solar power technology. However, CSP cost is not yet competitive with conventional alternatives unless subsidized. Current CSP plants typically include a condensing steam cycle power block which was preferably designed for a continuous operation and higher operating conditions and therefore, limits the overall plant cost effectiveness and deployment. The drawbacks of this power block are as follows: (i) no power generation during low insolation periods (ii) expensive, large condenser (typically water cooled) due to the poor extracted steam properties (high specific volume, sub-atmospheric pressure) and (iii) high installation and operation costs. In the current study, a different power block scheme is proposed to eliminate these obstacles. This power block includes a top Rankine cycle with a back pressure steam turbine and a bottoming Kalina cycle comprising another back pressure turbine and using ammonia-water mixture as a working fluid. The bottoming (moderate temperature) cycle allows power production during low insolation periods. Because of the superior ammonia-water vapor properties, the condensing system requirements are much less demanding and the operation costs are lowered. Accordingly, air cooled condensers can be used with lower economical penalty. Another advantage is that back pressure steam turbines have a less complex design than condensing steam turbines which make their costs lower. All of these improvements could make the combined cycle unit more cost effective. This unit can be applicable in both parabolic trough and central receiver (solar tower) plants. The potential advantage of the new power block is illustrated by a detailed techno-economical analysis of two 50 MW parabolic trough power plants, comparing between the standard and the novel power block. The results indicate that the proposed plant suggests a 4-11% electricity cost saving. (author)

  17. DOPPLER SIGNATURES OF THE ATMOSPHERIC CIRCULATION ON HOT JUPITERS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Showman, Adam P.; Lewis, Nikole K. [Department of Planetary Sciences and Lunar and Planetary Laboratory, The University of Arizona, 1629 University Boulevard, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States)] [Department of Planetary Sciences and Lunar and Planetary Laboratory, The University of Arizona, 1629 University Boulevard, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States); Fortney, Jonathan J. [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States)] [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States); Shabram, Megan, E-mail: showman@lpl.arizona.edu [Department of Astronomy, University of Florida, 211 Bryant Space Science Center, Gainesville, FL 32611-2055 (United States)] [Department of Astronomy, University of Florida, 211 Bryant Space Science Center, Gainesville, FL 32611-2055 (United States)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The meteorology of hot Jupiters has been characterized primarily with thermal measurements, but recent observations suggest the possibility of directly detecting the winds by observing the Doppler shift of spectral lines seen during transit. Motivated by these observations, we show how Doppler measurements can place powerful constraints on the meteorology. We show that the atmospheric circulation-and Doppler signature-of hot Jupiters splits into two regimes. Under weak stellar insolation, the day-night thermal forcing generates fast zonal jet streams from the interaction of atmospheric waves with the mean flow. In this regime, air along the terminator (as seen during transit) flows toward Earth in some regions and away from Earth in others, leading to a Doppler signature exhibiting superposed blueshifted and redshifted components. Under intense stellar insolation, however, the strong thermal forcing damps these planetary-scale waves, inhibiting their ability to generate jets. Strong frictional drag likewise damps these waves and inhibits jet formation. As a result, this second regime exhibits a circulation dominated by high-altitude, day-to-night airflow, leading to a predominantly blueshifted Doppler signature during transit. We present state-of-the-art circulation models including non-gray radiative transfer to quantify this regime shift and the resulting Doppler signatures; these models suggest that cool planets like GJ 436b lie in the first regime, HD 189733b is transitional, while planets hotter than HD 209458b lie in the second regime. Moreover, we show how the amplitude of the Doppler shifts constrains the strength of frictional drag in the upper atmospheres of hot Jupiters. If due to winds, the {approx}2 km s{sup -1} blueshift inferred on HD 209458b may require drag time constants as short as 10{sup 4}-10{sup 6} s, possibly the result of Lorentz-force braking on this planet's hot dayside.

  18. Areas of Anomalous Surface Temperature in Alamosa and Saguache Counties, Colorado, as Identified from ASTER Thermal Data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hussein, Khalid

    2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Citation Information: Originator: Earth Science &Observation Center (ESOC), CIRES, University of Colorado at Boulder Publication Date: 2012 Title: Very Warm Modeled Temperature Alamosa Saguache Edition: First Publication Information: Publication Place: Earth Science & Observation Center, Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Science (CIRES), University of Colorado, Boulder Publisher: Earth Science &Observation Center (ESOC), CIRES, University of Colorado at Boulder Description: This layer contains areas of anomalous surface temperature in Alamosa and Saguache Counties identified from ASTER thermal data and spatial based insolation model. The temperature is calculated using the Emissivity Normalization Algorithm that separate temperature from emissivity. The incoming solar radiation was calculated using spatial based insolation model developed by Fu and Rich (1999). Then the temperature due to solar radiation was calculated using emissivity derived from ASTER data. The residual temperature, i.e. temperature due to solar radiation subtracted from ASTER temperature was used to identify thermally anomalous areas. Areas that had temperature greater than 2? were considered ASTER modeled very warm surface exposures (thermal anomalies) Spatial Domain: Extent: Top: 4217727.601630 m Left: 394390.400264 m Right: 460179.841813 m Bottom: 4156258.036086 m Contact Information: Contact Organization: Earth Science &Observation Center (ESOC), CIRES, University of Colorado at Boulder Contact Person: Khalid Hussein Address: CIRES, Ekeley Building Earth Science & Observation Center (ESOC) 216 UCB City: Boulder State: CO Postal Code: 80309-0216 Country: USA Contact Telephone: 303-492-6782 Spatial Reference Information: Coordinate System: Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM) WGS’1984 Zone 13N False Easting: 500000.00000000 False Northing: 0.00000000 Central Meridian: -105.00000000 Scale Factor: 0.99960000 Latitude of Origin: 0.00000000 Linear Unit: Meter Datum: World Geodetic System ’1984 (WGS ’1984) Prime Meridian: Greenwich Angular Unit: Degree Digital Form: Format Name: Shape file

  19. Areas of Anomalous Surface Temperature in Garfield County, Colorado, as Identified from ASTER Thermal Data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hussein, Khalid

    2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Citation Information: Originator: Earth Science &Observation Center (ESOC), CIRES, University of Colorado at Boulder Publication Date: 2012 Title: Very Warm Modeled Temperature Garfield Edition: First Publication Information: Publication Place: Earth Science & Observation Center, Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Science (CIRES), University of Colorado, Boulder Publisher: Earth Science &Observation Center (ESOC), CIRES, University of Colorado at Boulder Description: This layer contains areas of anomalous surface temperature in Garfield County identified from ASTER thermal data and spatial based insolation model. The temperature is calculated using the Emissivity Normalization Algorithm that separate temperature from emissivity. The incoming solar radiation was calculated using spatial based insolation model developed by Fu and Rich (1999). Then the temperature due to solar radiation was calculated using emissivity derived from ASTER data. The residual temperature, i.e. temperature due to solar radiation subtracted from ASTER temperature was used to identify thermally anomalous areas. Areas that had temperature greater than 2? were considered ASTER modeled very warm surface exposures (thermal anomalies) Spatial Domain: Extent: Top: 4441550.552290 m Left: 271445.053363 m Right: 359825.053363 m Bottom: 4312490.552290 m Contact Information: Contact Organization: Earth Science &Observation Center (ESOC), CIRES, University of Colorado at Boulder Contact Person: Khalid Hussein Address: CIRES, Ekeley Building Earth Science & Observation Center (ESOC) 216 UCB City: Boulder State: CO Postal Code: 80309-0216 Country: USA Contact Telephone: 303-492-6782 Spatial Reference Information: Coordinate System: Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM) WGS’1984 Zone 13N False Easting: 500000.00000000 False Northing: 0.00000000 Central Meridian: -105.00000000 Scale Factor: 0.99960000 Latitude of Origin: 0.00000000 Linear Unit: Meter Datum: World Geodetic System ’1984 (WGS ’1984) Prime Meridian: Greenwich Angular Unit: Degree Digital Form: Format Name: Shape file

  20. Areas of Anomalous Surface Temperature in Routt County, Colorado, as Identified from ASTER Thermal Data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hussein, Khalid

    2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Citation Information: Originator: Earth Science &Observation Center (ESOC), CIRES, University of Colorado at Boulder Publication Date: 2012 Title: Very Warm Modeled Temperature Routt Edition: First Publication Information: Publication Place: Earth Science & Observation Center, Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Science (CIRES), University of Colorado, Boulder Publisher: Earth Science &Observation Center (ESOC), CIRES, University of Colorado at Boulder Description: This layer contains areas of anomalous surface temperature in Routt County identified from ASTER thermal data and spatial based insolation model. The temperature is calculated using the Emissivity Normalization Algorithm that separate temperature from emissivity. The incoming solar radiation was calculated using spatial based insolation model developed by Fu and Rich (1999). Then the temperature due to solar radiation was calculated using emissivity derived from ASTER data. The residual temperature, i.e. temperature due to solar radiation subtracted from ASTER temperature was used to identify thermally anomalous areas. Areas that had temperature greater than 2? were considered ASTER modeled very warm surface exposures (thermal anomalies) Spatial Domain: Extent: Top: 4501071.574000 m Left: 311351.975000 m Right: 359681.975000 m Bottom: 4447251.574000 m Contact Information: Contact Organization: Earth Science &Observation Center (ESOC), CIRES, University of Colorado at Boulder Contact Person: Khalid Hussein Address: CIRES, Ekeley Building Earth Science & Observation Center (ESOC) 216 UCB City: Boulder State: CO Postal Code: 80309-0216 Country: USA Contact Telephone: 303-492-6782 Spatial Reference Information: Coordinate System: Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM) WGS’1984 Zone 13N False Easting: 500000.00000000 False Northing: 0.00000000 Central Meridian: -105.00000000 Scale Factor: 0.99960000 Latitude of Origin: 0.00000000 Linear Unit: Meter Datum: World Geodetic System ’1984 (WGS ’1984) Prime Meridian: Greenwich Angular Unit: Degree Digital Form: Format Name: Shape file

  1. Areas of Anomalous Surface Temperature in Chaffee County, Colorado, as Identified from ASTER Thermal Data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hussein, Khalid

    2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Citation Information: Originator: Earth Science &Observation Center (ESOC), CIRES, University of Colorado at Boulder Publication Date: 2012 Title: Very Warm Modeled Temperature Chaffee Edition: First Publication Information: Publication Place: Earth Science & Observation Center, Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Science (CIRES), University of Colorado, Boulder Publisher: Earth Science &Observation Center (ESOC), CIRES, University of Colorado at Boulder Description: This layer contains areas of anomalous surface temperature in Chaffee County identified from ASTER thermal data and spatial based insolation model. The temperature is calculated using the Emissivity Normalization Algorithm that separate temperature from emissivity. The incoming solar radiation was calculated using spatial based insolation model developed by Fu and Rich (1999). Then the temperature due to solar radiation was calculated using emissivity derived from ASTER data. The residual temperature, i.e. temperature due to solar radiation subtracted from ASTER temperature was used to identify thermally anomalous areas. Areas that had temperature greater than 2? were considered ASTER modeled very warm surface exposures (thermal anomalies) Spatial Domain: Extent: Top: 4333432.368072 m Left: 366907.700763 m Right: 452457.816015 m Bottom: 4208271.566715 m Contact Information: Contact Organization: Earth Science &Observation Center (ESOC), CIRES, University of Colorado at Boulder Contact Person: Khalid Hussein Address: CIRES, Ekeley Building Earth Science & Observation Center (ESOC) 216 UCB City: Boulder State: CO Postal Code: 80309-0216 Country: USA Contact Telephone: 303-492-6782 Spatial Reference Information: Coordinate System: Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM) WGS’1984 Zone 13N False Easting: 500000.00000000 False Northing: 0.00000000 Central Meridian: -105.00000000 Scale Factor: 0.99960000 Latitude of Origin: 0.00000000 Linear Unit: Meter Datum: World Geodetic System ’1984 (WGS ’1984) Prime Meridian: Greenwich Angular Unit: Degree Digital Form: Format Name: Shape file

  2. Areas of Anomalous Surface Temperature in Archuleta County, Colorado, as Identified from ASTER Thermal Data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hussein, Khalid

    2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Citation Information: Originator: Earth Science &Observation Center (ESOC), CIRES, University of Colorado at Boulder Publication Date: 2012 Title: Very Warm Modeled Temperature Archuleta Edition: First Publication Information: Publication Place: Earth Science & Observation Center, Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Science (CIRES), University of Colorado, Boulder Publisher: Earth Science &Observation Center (ESOC), CIRES, University of Colorado at Boulder Description: This layer contains areas of anomalous surface temperature in Archuleta County identified from ASTER thermal data and spatial based insolation model. The temperature is calculated using the Emissivity Normalization Algorithm that separate temperature from emissivity. The incoming solar radiation was calculated using spatial based insolation model developed by Fu and Rich (1999). Then the temperature due to solar radiation was calculated using emissivity derived from ASTER data. The residual temperature, i.e. temperature due to solar radiation subtracted from ASTER temperature was used to identify thermally anomalous areas. Areas that had temperature greater than 2? were considered ASTER modeled very warm surface exposures (thermal anomalies) Spatial Domain: Extent: Top: 4144691.792023 m Left: 285531.662851 m Right: 348694.182686 m Bottom: 4097005.210304 m Contact Information: Contact Organization: Earth Science &Observation Center (ESOC), CIRES, University of Colorado at Boulder Contact Person: Khalid Hussein Address: CIRES, Ekeley Building Earth Science & Observation Center (ESOC) 216 UCB City: Boulder State: CO Postal Code: 80309-0216 Country: USA Contact Telephone: 303-492-6782 Spatial Reference Information: Coordinate System: Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM) WGS’1984 Zone 13N False Easting: 500000.00000000 False Northing: 0.00000000 Central Meridian: -105.00000000 Scale Factor: 0.99960000 Latitude of Origin: 0.00000000 Linear Unit: Meter Datum: World Geodetic System ’1984 (WGS ’1984) Prime Meridian: Greenwich Angular Unit: Degree Digital Form: Format Name: Shape file

  3. Areas of Anomalous Surface Temperature in Dolored County, Colorado, as Identified from ASTER Thermal Data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hussein, Khalid

    2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Citation Information: Originator: Earth Science &Observation Center (ESOC), CIRES, University of Colorado at Boulder Publication Date: 2012 Title: Very Warm Modeled Temperature Dolores Edition: First Publication Information: Publication Place: Earth Science & Observation Center, Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Science (CIRES), University of Colorado, Boulder Publisher: Earth Science &Observation Center (ESOC), CIRES, University of Colorado at Boulder Description: This layer contains areas of anomalous surface temperature in Dolores County identified from ASTER thermal data and spatial based insolation model. The temperature is calculated using the Emissivity Normalization Algorithm that separate temperature from emissivity. The incoming solar radiation was calculated using spatial based insolation model developed by Fu and Rich (1999). Then the temperature due to solar radiation was calculated using emissivity derived from ASTER data. The residual temperature, i.e. temperature due to solar radiation subtracted from ASTER temperature was used to identify thermally anomalous areas. Areas that had temperature greater than 2? were considered ASTER modeled very warm surface exposures (thermal anomalies) Spatial Domain: Extent: Top: 4186234.213315 m Left: 212558.673056 m Right: 232922.811862 m Bottom: 4176781.467043 m Contact Information: Contact Organization: Earth Science &Observation Center (ESOC), CIRES, University of Colorado at Boulder Contact Person: Khalid Hussein Address: CIRES, Ekeley Building Earth Science & Observation Center (ESOC) 216 UCB City: Boulder State: CO Postal Code: 80309-0216 Country: USA Contact Telephone: 303-492-6782 Spatial Reference Information: Coordinate System: Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM) WGS’1984 Zone 13N False Easting: 500000.00000000 False Northing: 0.00000000 Central Meridian: -105.00000000 Scale Factor: 0.99960000 Latitude of Origin: 0.00000000 Linear Unit: Meter Datum: World Geodetic System ’1984 (WGS ’1984) Prime Meridian: Greenwich Angular Unit: Degree Digital Form: Format Name: Shape file

  4. Analysis of Hanford-based Options for Sustainable DOE Facilities on the West Coast

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Warwick, William M.

    2012-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Large-scale conventional energy projects result in lower costs of energy (COE). This is true for most renewable energy projects as well. The Office of Science is interested in its facilities meeting the renewable energy mandates set by Congress and the Administration. Those facilities on the west coast include a cluster in the Bay Area of California and at Hanford in central Washington State. Land constraints at the California facilities do not permit large scale projects. The Hanford Reservation has land and solar insolation available for a large scale solar project as well as access to a regional transmission system that can provide power to facilities in California. The premise of this study is that a large-scale solar project at Hanford may be able to provide renewable energy sufficient to meet the needs of select Office of Science facilities on the west coast at a COE that is competitive with costs in California despite the lower solar insolation values at Hanford. The study concludes that although the cost of solar projects continues to decline, estimated costs for a large-scale project at Hanford are still not competitive with avoided power costs for Office of Science facilities on the west coast. Further, although it is possible to transmit power from a solar project at Hanford to California facilities, the costs of doing so add additional costs. Consequently, development of a large- scale solar project at Hanford to meet the renewable goals of Office of Science facilities on the west coast is currently uneconomic. This may change as solar costs decrease and California-based facilities face increasing costs for conventional and renewable energy produced in the state. PNNL should monitor those cost trends.

  5. Compact, flexible, frequency agile parametric wavelength converter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Velsko, Stephan P. (Livermore, CA); Yang, Steven T. (Danville, CA)

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This improved Frequency Agile Optical Parametric Oscillator provides near on-axis pumping of a single QPMC with a tilted periodically poled grating to overcome the necessity to find a particular crystal that will permit collinear birefringence in order to obtain a desired tuning range. A tilted grating design and the elongation of the transverse profile of the pump beam in the angle tuning plane of the FA-OPO reduces the rate of change of the overlap between the pumped volume in the crystal and the resonated and non-resonated wave mode volumes as the pump beam angle is changed. A folded mirror set relays the pivot point for beam steering from a beam deflector to the center of the FA-OPO crystal. This reduces the footprint of the device by as much as a factor of two over that obtained when using the refractive telescope design.

  6. Untilting BiFeO{sub 3}: The influence of substrate boundary conditions in ultra-thin BiFeO{sub 3} on SrTiO{sub 3}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yang, Yongsoo, E-mail: ysyang@umich.edu; Clarke, Roy [Department of Physics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States); Schlepütz, Christian M. [X-ray Science Division, Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States); Adamo, Carolina [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853 (United States); Department of Applied Physics, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 (United States); Schlom, Darrell G. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853 (United States); Kavli Institute at Cornell for Nanoscale Science, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853 (United States)

    2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We report on the role of oxygen octahedral tilting in the monoclinic-to-tetragonal phase transition in ultra-thin BiFeO{sub 3} films grown on (001) SrTiO{sub 3} substrates. Reciprocal space maps clearly show the disappearance of the integer-order Bragg peak splitting associated with the monoclinic phase when the film thickness decreases below 20 unit cells. This monoclinic-to-tetragonal transition is accompanied by the evolution of the half-order diffraction peaks, which reflects untilting of the oxygen octahedra around the [110] axis, proving that the octahedral tilting is closely correlated with the transition. This structural change is thickness-dependent, and different from a strain-induced transition in the conventional sense.

  7. Apparatus for X-ray diffraction microscopy and tomography of cryo specimens

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Beetz, T.; Howells, M. R.; Jacobsen, C.; Kao, C. -C.; Kirz, J.; Lima, E.; Mentes, T. O.; Miao, H.; Sanchez-Hanke, C.; Sayre, D.; et al

    2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An apparatus for diffraction microscopy of biological and materials science specimens is described. In this system, a coherent soft X-ray beam is selected with a pinhole, and the illuminated specimen is followed by an adjustable beamstop and CCD camera to record diffraction data from non-crystalline specimens. In addition, a Fresnel zone plate can be inserted to allow for direct imaging. The system makes use of a cryogenic specimen holder with cryotransfer capabilities to allow frozen hydrated specimens to be loaded. The specimen can be tilted over a range of ± 80 ° degrees for three-dimensional imaging; this is done bymore »computer-controlled motors, enabling automated alignment of the specimen through a tilt series. The system is now in use for experiments in soft X-ray diffraction microscopy.« less

  8. Theory and simulations of the scaling of magnetic reconnection with symmetric shear flow

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cassak, P. A. [Department of Physics, West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia 26506 (United States)

    2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The scaling of magnetic reconnection in the presence of an oppositely directed sub-Alfvenic shear flow parallel to the reconnecting magnetic field is studied using analytical scaling arguments and two-dimensional two-fluid numerical simulations of collisionless (Hall) reconnection. Previous studies noted that the reconnection rate falls and the current sheet tilts with increasing flow speed, but no quantitative theory was presented. This study presents a physical model of the effect of shear flow on reconnection, resulting in expressions for the scaling of properties such as the reconnection rate, outflow speed, and thickness and length of the dissipation region, which are verified numerically. Differences between Hall and Sweet-Parker reconnection are pointed out. The tilting of the current sheet is explained physically and a quantitative prediction is presented and verified.

  9. Inflation and Alternatives with Blue Tensor Spectra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yi Wang; Wei Xue

    2014-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the tilt of the primordial gravitational waves spectrum. A hint of blue tilt is shown from analyzing the BICEP2 and POLARBEAR data. Motivated by this, we explore the possibilities of blue tensor spectra from the very early universe cosmology models, including null energy condition violating inflation, inflation with general initial conditions, and string gas cosmology, etc. For the simplest G-inflation, blue tensor spectrum also implies blue scalar spectrum. In general, the inflation models with blue tensor spectra indicate large non-Gaussianities. On the other hand, string gas cosmology predicts blue tensor spectrum with highly Gaussian fluctuations. If further experiments do confirm the blue tensor spectrum, non-Gaussianity becomes a distinguishing test between inflation and alternatives.

  10. Performance of a High Resolution Cavity Beam Position Monitor System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walston, S; Boogert, S; Chung, C; Fitsos, P; Frisch, J; Gronberg, J; Hayano, H; Honda, Y; Kolomensky, Y; Lyapin, A; Malton, S; May, J; McCormick, D; Meller, R; Miller, D; Orimoto, T; Ross, M; Slater, M; Smith, S; Smith, T; Terunuma, N; Thomson, M; Urakawa, J; Vogel, V; Ward, D; White, G

    2006-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

    It has been estimated that an RF cavity Beam Position Monitor (BPM) could provide a position measurement resolution of less than one nanometer. We have developed a high resolution cavity BPM and associated electronics. A triplet comprised of these BPMs was installed in the extraction line of the Accelerator Test Facility (ATF) at the High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK) for testing with its ultra-low emittance beam. The three BPMs were each rigidly mounted inside an alignment frame on six variable-length struts which could be used to move the BPMs in position and angle. We have developed novel methods for extracting the position and tilt information from the BPM signals including a robust calibration algorithm which is immune to beam jitter. To date, we have demonstrated a position resolution of 15.6 nm and a tilt resolution of 2.1 {micro}rad over a dynamic range of approximately {+-} 20 {micro}m.

  11. Performance of a High Resolution Cavity Beam Position Monitor System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walston, Sean; Boogert, Stewart; Chung, Carl; Fitsos, Joe; Frisch, Joe; Gronberg, Jeff; Hayano, Hitoshi; Honda, Yosuke; Kolomensky, Yury; Lyapin, Alexey; Malton, Stephen; May, Justin; McCormick, Douglas; Meller, Robert; Miller, David John; Orimoto, Toyoko; Ross, Marc; Slater, Mark; Smith, Steve; Smith, Tonee; Terunuma, Nobuhiro; /Fermilab /UC,

    2007-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

    It has been estimated that an RF cavity Beam Position Monitor (BPM) could provide a position measurement resolution of less than one nanometer. We have developed a high resolution cavity BPM and associated electronics. A triplet comprised of these BPMs was installed in the extraction line of the Accelerator Test Facility (ATF) at the High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK) for testing with its ultra-low emittance beam. The three BPMs were each rigidly mounted inside an alignment frame on six variable-length struts which could be used to move the BPMs in position and angle. We have developed novel methods for extracting the position and tilt information from the BPM signals including a robust calibration algorithm which is immune to beam jitter. To date, we have demonstrated a position resolution of 15.6 nm and a tilt resolution of 2.1 {mu}rad over a dynamic range of approximately {+-} 20 {mu}m.

  12. Using long-baseline interferometric gravitational waves detectors for high precision measures of the gravitational acceleration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christian Corda

    2007-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

    A derivation of the optical axis lenght fluctations due by tilts of the mirrors of the Fabry-Perot cavity of long-baseline interferometers for the detection of gravitational waves in presence of the gravitational field of the earth is discussed. By comparing with the typical tilt-induced noises it is shown that this potential signal, which is considered a weak source of noise, is negligible for the first generation of gravitational waves interferometers, but, in principle, this effect could be used for high precision measures of the gravitational acceleration if advanced projects will achieve an high sensitivity. In that case the precision of the misure could be higher than the gravimeter realized by the Istituto di Metrologia ``Gustavo Colonnetti''.

  13. Neutral particle beam sensing and steering

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Maier, II, William B. (Los Alamos, NM); Cobb, Donald D. (Los Alamos, NM); Robiscoe, Richard T. (Los Alamos, NM)

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The direction of a neutral particle beam (NPB) is determined by detecting Ly.alpha. radiation emitted during motional quenching of excited H(2S) atoms in the beam during movement of the atoms through a magnetic field. At least one detector is placed adjacent the beam exit to define an optical axis that intercepts the beam at a viewing angle to include a volume generating a selected number of photons for detection. The detection system includes a lens having an area that is small relative to the NPB area and a pixel array located in the focal plane of the lens. The lens viewing angle and area pixel array are selected to optimize the beam tilt sensitivity. In one embodiment, two detectors are placed coplanar with the beam axis to generate a difference signal that is insensitive to beam variations other than beam tilt.

  14. Analysis of the effects of ionospheric sampling of reflection points near-path, for high-frequency single-site-location direction finding systems. Master's thesis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Filho, C.A.

    1990-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis suggests a method to estimate the current value of an ionospheric parameter. The proposed method is based on the known variability of the observed current values near path and utilizes data derived from ionospheric sampling measurements. Analysis of errors is provided in Single-Site-Location High-Frequency Direction Finding (SSL-HFDF), arising from ionospheric irregularities such as Es (sporadic E), ionospheric tilts, and traveling ionospheric disturbances (TIDs). The characteristics of Es, tilts and TIDs for mid-latitudes are summarized in tables. The spatial and temporal coherence of ionospheric variabilities and irregularities is analyzed over the electron density. Practical results, measurements, and studies are presented on SSL-HFDF. A survey of characteristics of the ionosphere in the equatorial region is also provided. Finally, some recommendations are given to maximize the applicability of the proposed method.

  15. Photovoltaic solar concentrator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Nielson, Gregory N.; Okandan, Murat; Resnick, Paul J.; Cruz-Campa, Jose Luis

    2012-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

    A photovoltaic solar concentrator is disclosed with one or more transverse-junction solar cells (also termed point contact solar cells) and a lens located above each solar cell to concentrate sunlight onto the solar cell to generate electricity. Piezoelectric actuators tilt or translate each lens to track the sun using a feedback-control circuit which senses the electricity generated by one or more of the solar cells. The piezoelectric actuators can be coupled through a displacement-multiplier linkage to provide an increased range of movement of each lens. Each lens in the solar concentrator can be supported on a frame (also termed a tilt plate) having three legs, with the movement of the legs being controlled by the piezoelectric actuators.

  16. What drives glacial cycles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Broecker, W.S.; Denton, G.H.

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Milankovitch theory advocates that the glacial cycles have three components: the tilt of the earth's spin axis; the shape of the earth's orbit; and the interaction between the tilt and the eccentricity effects. These three factors work together to vary the amount of sunshine reaching the high northern latitudes in summer and allow the great ice sheets to grow during intervals of cool summers and mild winters. Evidence is presented which indicates that the circulation pattern of the Atlantic ocean was shifted dramatically about 14,000 years ago, at the same time that glaciers in both hemispheres started to retreat. The authors believe that massive reorganizations of the ocean-atmosphere system are the key events that link cyclic changes in the earth's orbit to the advance and retreat of ice sheet.

  17. Notes 02. Classical Lubrication Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    San Andres, Luis

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Performance of 1D-Tilting Pad Bearing U w load h1 h2 h(x) x y lubricant Moving surface s Pad width B L Offset = s/L ?: tilt angle or pad rotation angle pivot Luis San Andres (c) 2006, 2009 film thickess expression hx() h 2 ? 1 ??() x L... ?+ ? ? ? ? ? ? ?:= ? h 1 h 2 := ? h 1 h 2 ? () L = U: surface speed - varies Bearing geometry: L 0.06:= m length and width of bearing offset 0.59:= pad pivot location s/L B 0.180:= Fluid properties ? in 0.0597:= Pa-sec ? 878:= kg/m3 c p 1880:= J/kg-degC ? v 0.0414:= 1...

  18. Intrinsic Magnetism of Grain Boundaries in Two-dimensional Metal Dichalcogenides

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Zhuhua; Crespi, Vincent H; Yakobson, Boris I

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Grain boundaries (GBs) are structural imperfections that typically degrade the performance of materials. Here we show that dislocations and GBs in two-dimensional (2D) metal dichalcogenides MX2 (M = Mo, W; X = S, Se) can actually improve the material by giving it a qualitatively new physical property: magnetism. The dislocations studied all have a substantial magnetic moment of ~1 Bohr magneton. In contrast, dislocations in other well-studied 2D materials are typically non-magnetic. GBs composed of pentagon-heptagon pairs interact ferromagnetically and transition from semiconductor to half-metal or metal as a function of tilt angle and/or doping level. When the tilt angle exceeds 47{\\deg} the structural energetics favor square-octagon pairs and the GB becomes an antiferromagnetic semiconductor. These exceptional magnetic properties arise from an interplay of dislocation-induced localized states, doping, and locally unbalanced stoichiometry. Purposeful engineering of topological GBs may be able to convert MX2 ...

  19. Domain Walls and Anchoring Transitions Mimicking Nematic Biaxiality in the Oxadiazole Bent-Core Liquid Crystal C7

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Young-ki; Xiang, Jie; Shin, Sung-Tae; Lavrentovich, Oleg D

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the origin of secondary disclinations that were recently described as a new evidence of a biaxial nematic phase in an oxadiazole bent-core thermotropic liquid crystal C7. With an assortment of optical techniques such as polarizing optical microscopy, LC PolScope, and fluorescence confocal polarizing microscopy, we demonstrate that the secondary disclinations represent non-singular domain walls formed in an uniaxial nematic during the surface anchoring transition, in which surface orientation of the director changes from tangential (parallel to the bounding plates) to tilted. Each domain wall separates two regions with the director tilted in opposite azimuthal directions. At the centre of the wall, the director remains parallel to the bonding plates. The domain walls can be easily removed by applying a modest electric field. The anchoring transition is explained by the balance of (a) the intrinsic perpendicular surface anchoring produced by the polyimide aligning layer and (b) tangential alignme...

  20. Spring-powered actuator

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Magill, R. J.; Gaiger, D. J.; Simkins, N.

    1985-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

    A spring-powered actuator especially for operating devices such as fire and/or smoke dampers, doors, hatches, vents, traps, valves and other devices having components which are movable between at least two positions. The spring-powered actuator of the invention comprises a longitudinally-displaceable re-wind screw which is rotatable to recharge the spring of the actuator, and a tilting element on the screw which is mounted for tilting movement with respect to the screw axis to allow longitudinal movement of the re-wind screw so as to permit rapid and reliable release of energy stored in the spring. When used in a combination fire and smoke damper, it thus opens or closes the blades of the latter.

  1. Apparatus for X-ray diffraction microscopy and tomography of cryo specimens

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Beetz, T.; Howells, M.R.; Jacobsen, C.; Kao, C.-C.; Kirz, J.; Lima, E.; Mentes, T.O.; Miao, H.; Sanchez-Hanke, C.; Sayre, D.; Shapiro, D.

    2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An apparatus for diffraction microscopy of biological and materials science specimens is described. In this system, a coherent soft X-ray beam is selected with a pinhole, and the illuminated specimen is followed by an adjustable beamstop and CCD camera to record diffraction data from non-crystalline specimens. In addition, a Fresnel zone plate can be inserted to allow for direct imaging. The system makes use of a cryogenic specimen holder with cryotransfer capabilities to allow frozen hydrated specimens to be loaded. The specimen can be tilted over a range of +/- 80 degrees for three-dimensional imaging; this is done by computer-controlled motors, enabling automated alignment of the specimen through a tilt series. The system is now in use for experiments in soft X-ray diffraction microscopy.

  2. Design considerations for a time-resolved tomographic diagnostic at DARHT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Morris I. Kaufman, Daniel Frayer, Wendi Dreesen, Douglas Johnson, Alfred Meidinger

    2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An instrument has been developed to acquire time-resolved tomographic data from the electron beam at the DARHT [Dual-Axis Radiographic Hydrodynamic Test] facility at Los Alamos National Laboratory. The instrument contains four optical lines of sight that view a single tilted object. The lens design optically integrates along one optical axis for each line of sight. These images are relayed via fiber optic arrays to streak cameras, and the recorded streaks are used to reconstruct the original two-dimensional data. Installation of this instrument into the facility requires automation of both the optomechanical adjustments and calibration of the instrument in a constrained space. Additional design considerations include compound tilts on the object and image planes.

  3. Apparatus for X-ray diffraction microscopy and tomography of cryo specimens

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Beetz, T. [Stony Brook Univ., Stony Brook, NY (United States); Howells, M. R. [Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Upton, NY (United States). National Synchrotron Light Source; Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Upton, NY (United States). Center for Functional Nanomaterials; Jacobsen, C. [Stony Brook Univ., Stony Brook, NY (United States); Kao, C. -C. [Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Upton, NY (United States). National Synchrotron Light Source; Kirz, J. [Stony Brook Univ., Stony Brook, NY (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Advanced Light Source; Lima, E. [Stony Brook Univ., Stony Brook, NY (United States); Mentes, T. O. [Stony Brook Univ., Stony Brook, NY (United States); TASC-INFM National Lab, Trieste (Italy); Miao, H. [Stony Brook Univ., Stony Brook, NY (United States); Sanchez-Hanke, C. [Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Upton, NY (United States). National Synchrotron Light Source; Sayre, D. [Stony Brook Univ., Stony Brook, NY (United States); Shapiro, D. [Stony Brook Univ., Stony Brook, NY (United States)

    2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An apparatus for diffraction microscopy of biological and materials science specimens is described. In this system, a coherent soft X-ray beam is selected with a pinhole, and the illuminated specimen is followed by an adjustable beamstop and CCD camera to record diffraction data from non-crystalline specimens. In addition, a Fresnel zone plate can be inserted to allow for direct imaging. The system makes use of a cryogenic specimen holder with cryotransfer capabilities to allow frozen hydrated specimens to be loaded. The specimen can be tilted over a range of ± 80 ° degrees for three-dimensional imaging; this is done by computer-controlled motors, enabling automated alignment of the specimen through a tilt series. The system is now in use for experiments in soft X-ray diffraction microscopy.

  4. Conformal Frame Dependence of Inflation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Domènech, Guillem

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Physical equivalence between different conformal frames in scalar-tensor theory of gravity is a known fact. However, assuming that matter minimally couples to the metric of a particular frame, which we call the matter Jordan frame, the matter point of view of the universe may vary from frame to frame. Thus, there is a clear distinction between gravitational sector (curvature and scalar field) and matter sector. In this paper, focusing on a simple power-law inflation model in the Einstein frame, two examples are considered; a super-inflationary and a bouncing universe Jordan frames. Then we consider a spectator curvaton minimally coupled to a Jordan frame, and compute its contribution to the curvature perturbation power spectrum. In these specific examples, we find a blue tilt at short scales for the super-inflationary case, and a blue tilt at large scales for the bouncing case.

  5. Analysis of gallium arsenide deposition in a horizontal chemical vapor deposition reactor using massively parallel computations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Salinger, A.G.; Shadid, J.N.; Hutchinson, S.A. [and others

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A numerical analysis of the deposition of gallium from trimethylgallium (TMG) and arsine in a horizontal CVD reactor with tilted susceptor and a three inch diameter rotating substrate is performed. The three-dimensional model includes complete coupling between fluid mechanics, heat transfer, and species transport, and is solved using an unstructured finite element discretization on a massively parallel computer. The effects of three operating parameters (the disk rotation rate, inlet TMG fraction, and inlet velocity) and two design parameters (the tilt angle of the reactor base and the reactor width) on the growth rate and uniformity are presented. The nonlinear dependence of the growth rate uniformity on the key operating parameters is discussed in detail. Efficient and robust algorithms for massively parallel reacting flow simulations, as incorporated into our analysis code MPSalsa, make detailed analysis of this complicated system feasible.

  6. Digitized dual wavelength radar data from a Texas thunderstorm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radlein, Robin Ann

    1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    DIGITIZED DUAL WAVL'LENGTH RADAR DATA FROM A TEXAS THUNDERSTORM A Thesis ROBIN ANN RADLEIN Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree ol MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1977... Wavelength Radar Data from a Texas Thunderstorm. (December 1977) Robin Ann Radlein~ B. S , Texas ASN University Chairman of Advisory Committee: Dr Vance Noyer Nulti-tilt digitized dual wavelength radar data collected during a Texas thunderstorm were...

  7. Grain Sorghum Date-of-Planting and Spacing Experiments.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karper, R. E. (Robert Earl); Quinby, J. R.; Jones, D. L.; Dickson, R. E.

    1931-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    'ill'tH';tiJL,, temperature or moi sture. Gra in sorghu ms tilt? t?rop co...

  8. Agribusiness Sales: overcoming motivational problems and creating the optimum sales environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huebner, Todd D

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    some of the problems that tend to arise. It is often assumed that if you have a superior product at a good price, it will almost sell itself. Too often this is not the case. There are other problems that arise -- motivational problems. For one... Prospecting Customers Developing and Implementing Territory Sales Plans Selling Tilt Fungicide Scouting Rice Fields Conducting Educational Programs, Tours, and Meetings MOTIVATIONAL PROBLEMS IN THE SALES ARENA Financial Concerns Lack of Knowledge...

  9. Landau problem for bilayer graphene: Exact results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Young-Hwan Hyun; Yoonbai Kim; Corneliu Sochichiu; Min-Young Choi

    2010-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider graphene bilayer in a constant magnetic field of arbitrary orientation (i.e. tilted with respect to the graphene plane). In the low energy approximation to tight binding model with Peierls substitution, we find the exact spectrum of Landau levels. This spectrum is two-fold degenerate in the limit of large in-plane field, which gives rise to a new SU(2) symmetry in this limit.

  10. Heat transfer enhancement resulting from induction electrohydrodynamic pumping 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Margo, Bryan David

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    pump operated at various tilt angles with two working fluids. The main difference between this study and other work in EHD heat transfer enhancement is that the induction EHD pump is the only source of pumping as well as the basis for heat transfer... HEAT TRANSFER ENHANCEMENT RESULTING FROM INDUCTION ELECTROHYDRODYNAMIC PUMPING A Thesis by BRYAN DAVID MARGO Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree...

  11. Alignment of He-Like and H-Like P-States of 48-Mev Foil Excited mg Ions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palinkas, J.; Pedrazzini, G. J.; Church, David A.; Kenefick, R. A.; Fulton, C. A.; Watson, R. L.; Wang, D. W.

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    been measured with a pivoted plane- crystal Bragg spectrometer. Both the polarizations of these lines and the reflection properties of the ammonium dihydrogen phosphate (ADP) diffraction crystal have been determined. The o.o/o. l cross-section ratios...-section ratio. The influence of foil tilting and cascade contributions on the polari- zation were investigated experimentally and taken into account in the analysis of the measurements. I. INTRODUCTION The knowledge of the angular distribution and/or po...

  12. Direct observation of the topological charge of a terahertz vortex beam generated by a Tsurupica spiral phase plate

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miyamoto, K., E-mail: k-miyamoto@faculty.chiba-u.jp [Graduate School of Advanced Integration Science, Chiba University, 1-33 Yayoi-cho, Inage-ku, Chiba 263-8522 (Japan); Suizu, K.; Akiba, T. [Department of Electrical, Electronics and Computer Engineering, Chiba Institute of Technology, 2-17-1 Tsudanuma, Narashino, Chiba 275-0016 (Japan); Omatsu, T. [Graduate School of Advanced Integration Science, Chiba University, 1-33 Yayoi-cho, Inage-ku, Chiba 263-8522 (Japan); CREST Japan Science and Technology Agency, Sanbancho, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 102-0075 (Japan)

    2014-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    A terahertz (THz) spiral phase plate with high transmission (>90% after Fresnel correction) and low dispersion has been developed based on the Tsurupica olefin polymer. Direct observations of the topological charge (both magnitude and sign) of a THz vortex beam are performed by using a THz camera with tilted lens focusing and radial defect introduction. The vortex outputs with a topological charge of ±1 (or ±2) are obtained at a frequency of 2 (or 4) THz.

  13. Beam-Scanning Reflectarray Enabled by Fluidic Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Long, Stephen

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    required for a desired scan angle, are very frequency dependent. The beam direction will tilt as the operating frequency shifts, even if the phase-shifters and other active devices provide consistent, frequency-independent phase modulation. Also.... This (theoretically) frequency-independent feature suggests the reflector may have infinite bandwidth, provided the radiation patterns of the feed antenna are also frequency-independent. Also, the air between the feed and the reflector dissipates very little power...

  14. JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE Colloque C2, supplkment au n02, Tome 45, fCvrier 1984 page .C2-415

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    run f o r a nickel-base superalloy, C263 a t varying specimen thicknesses and tilts f o r a l r a complex super- a l l o y , C263. The procedure is p a r t i c u l a r l y successful when TRANSMISSION ANALYTICAL MICROSCOPY OF SUPERALLOYS W.E. Voice and R.G. Faulkner Department of Materials

  15. Receiver for solar energy collector having improved aperture aspect

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    McIntire, William R. (Downers Grove, IL)

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A secondary concentrator for use in receiver systems for linear focusing primary concentrators is provided with reflector wings at each end. The wings increase the capture of light rays reflected from areas adjacent the rim of a primary concentrator, increasing the apparent aperture size of the absorber as viewed from the rim of the primary concentrator. The length, tilt, and curvature of the wing reflectors can be adjusted to provide an absorber having a desired aperture aspect.

  16. A new improved method for assessing brain deformation after decompressive craniectomy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fletcher, Tim L.; Kolias, Angelos G.; Hutchinson, Peter J. A.; Sutcliffe, Michael P. F.

    2014-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

    of the head and underwent a secondary DC operation (17 bifrontal and 10 unilateral craniectomies). Patients were ventilated and managed in the NCCU with a tiered therapeutic protocol aiming for an ICP, 25 mmHg and cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) around 60... for bifrontal than unilateral cases. Supporting Information Table S1 Patient demography: * - no volume data, + - no displacement data. (PDF) Table S2 Modified Marshall CT grading system [10]. (PDF) Appendix S1 Gantry tilt correction. (PDF) Acknowledgments...

  17. Static and dynamic characteristics for a two-axial-groove bearing and a pressure-dam bearing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al Jughaiman, Bader K.

    2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

    angle ? s Step angle ? Pad arc angle ? Rotor speed (rad/s) ? Excitation frequency (rad/s) ? n Rotor-bearing system natural frequency (rad/s) ? f Rotor whirling frequency (rad/s) ? h Horizontal preset of orthogonally displaced pressure...]...........................................................3 Fig. 3 Tilting pad bearing a) rocket pivot b) flexure pivot [5] ...........................................4 Fig. 4 Test rig main section..............................................................................................13 Fig. 5 Shaker...

  18. Experimental response of a rotor supported on Rayleigh step gas bearings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhu, Xuehua

    2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    synchronous responses to imbalance correlate well with the measurements, however. The Rayleigh step gas bearing shows similar characteristics to the flexure pivot tilting pad bearing (FPTPB) tested in 2003. However, the test Rayleigh step gas bearings...] ? A Air density at ambient pressure [kg/m3] viii X, Y, z Inertial coordinate system Zij Impedance force coefficients; i, j = X ,Y [N/m] ? c Rotor critical speed [rad/s] ? ,, ? Rotor rotational speed and excitation frequency [rad/s...

  19. Effect of MnAs/GaAs(001) film accommodations on the phase-transition temperature

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Iikawa, F.; Brasil, M.J.S.P.; Couto, O.D.D.; Adriano, C.; Giles, C.; Daeweritz, L. [Instituto de Fisica 'Gleb Wataghin', UNICAMP, Campinas-SP, C.P. 6165, 13083-970 (Brazil); Instituto de Fisica 'Gleb Wataghin', UNICAMP, Campinas-SP, C.P. 6165, 13083-970, Brazil and Laboratorio Nacional de Luz Sincrotron, CP-6192, 13084-971 Campinas-SP (Brazil); Paul-Drude-Institut fuer Festkoerperelektronik, Hausvogteiplatz 5-7, 10117 Berlin (Germany)

    2004-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The phase-transition temperature of MnAs epitaxial films grown by molecular-beam epitaxy on GaAs(001) with different crystalline accommodations was studied by specular and grazing incidence x-ray diffraction. The transition temperature of MnAs films with tilted hexagonal c-axis orientations with respect to the GaAs substrate is higher than the most investigated nontilted films and reaches a value above room temperature, which is more suitable for device applications.

  20. Improved Methodology to Measure Normal Incident Solar Radiation with a Multi-Pyranometer Array 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baltazar, J.C.; Sun, Y.; Haberl, J.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    at different tilt and azimuth angles, and that can be used to estimate the normal incident component without the tracking devices that require more detailed installation and maintenance.. The array’s sensors are of the photovoltaic type, which require both... for photovoltaic-type solar sensor, and using similar approach, a number of solutions for switching schemes was presented by Miloslaw [7]. However, those methods still cannot provide high accuracy for the whole estimation period and the methods still present...

  1. Density gradients and absorption effects in gas-filled magnetic axion helioscopes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Creswick, R. J.; Avignone, F. T. III [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina, 29208 (United States); Nussinov, S [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina, 29208 (United States); Department of Physics, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel 69978 (Israel)

    2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The effects of absorption in the gas, and of density variations on the sensitivity of gas-filled solar-axion helioscopes, are theoretically investigated. It is concluded that the 10-meter long CAST helioscope, the most sensitive experiment to date, is near the limit of sensitivity in axion mass. Increasing the length, gas density, or tilt angle all have negative influences and will not improve the sensitivity.

  2. Density Gradient and Absorption Effects in Gas-Filled Magnetic Axion Helioscopes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. J. Creswick; S. Nussinov; F. T. Avignone III

    2008-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The effects of absorption in the gas, and of density variations on the sensitivity of gas-filled solar-axion helioscopes are theoretically investigated. It is concluded that the 10-meter long CAST helioscope, the most sensitive experiment to date is near the limit of sensitivity in axion mass. Increasing the length, gas density, or tilt angle all have negative influences, and will not improve the sensitivity.

  3. Strict convexity of the free energy for non-convex gradient models at moderate $?$

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Codina Cotar; Jean-Dominique Deuschel; Stefan Müller

    2008-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider a gradient interface model on the lattice with interaction potential which is a non-convex perturbation of a convex potential. We show using a one-step multiple scale analysis the strict convexity of the surface tension at high temperature. This is an extension of Funaki and Spohn's result, where the strict convexity of potential was crucial in their proof that for every tilt there is a unique, shift invariant, ergodic Gibbs measure for the $\

  4. Engineer reconnaissance with a video camera: feasibility study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bergner, Kirk Michael

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    an object; (b) measur' ng the image of the object on the processed photographs; and (c) reducing the measurements to some useful form" (Moffitt and Mikhail, 1988). Pixel: One of the square, or rectangular, light sensitive areas on a solid state pickup... "painted polygons". Rectification: A procedure for eliminating tilt displacements (Moffitt and Mikhail, 1988). In the case of slope distances it implies the use of the horizontal or vertical components. Representative Fraction (RF): A unitless ratio...

  5. Ris-R-1364 (ed. 2) (EN) Characterisation and Classification of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    /s and turbulence intensities of 10%, 16% and 23%; step response measurements at step wind speeds 4, 8, 12 and 15m 3.5 Step Response Measurements 15 3.6 Measurement of Rotor Inertia 17 3.7 Measurement of Friction measurements for tilt angles from -40° to 40°; gust response measure- ments at 8m/s, 10,5m/s and 13m

  6. Observation of the structural phase transition in manganite films by magneto-optical imaging.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Crabtree, G. W.; Lin, Y.; Miller, D. J.; Nikitenko, V. I.; Vlasko-Vlasov, V. K.; Welp, U.

    1999-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    A high-resolution magneto-optical imaging technique is used to reveal the formation of twins occurring during a martensitic phase transition at {approximately}105K in LCMO films grown on STO substrates. The magnetic contrast arises due to the magneto-elastic tilts of the Mn - magnetic moments in the twins. Different magnetic structures are found in LCMO films grown on MgO, NGO, and LAO substrates showing the importance of the substrate material for the manganite film properties.

  7. Radar cross section of triangular trihedral reflector with extended bottom plate.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brock, Billy C.; Doerry, Armin Walter

    2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Trihedral corner reflectors are the preferred canonical target for SAR performance evaluation for many radar development programs. The conventional trihedrals have problems with substantially reduced Radar Cross Section (RCS) at low grazing angles, unless they are tilted forward, but in which case other problems arise. Consequently there is a need for better low grazing angle performance for trihedrals. This is facilitated by extending the bottom plate. A relevant analysis of RCS for an infinite ground plate is presented. Practical aspects are also discussed.

  8. Transverse Wobbling in $^{135}$Pr

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. T. Matta; U. Garg; W. Li; S. Frauendorf; A. D. Ayangeakaa; D. Patel; K. W. Schlax; R. Palit; S. Saha; J. Sethi; T. Trivedi; S. S. Ghugre; R. Raut; A. K. Sinha; R. V. F. Janssens; S. Zhu; M. P. Carpenter; T. Lauritsen; D. Seweryniak; C. J. Chiara; F. G. Kondev; D. J. Hartley; C. M. Petrache; S. Mukhopadhyay; D. Vijaya Lakshmi; M. Kumar Raju; P. V. Madhusudhana Rao; S. K. Tandel; S. Ray; F. Dönau

    2015-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

    A pair of transverse wobbling bands has been observed in the nucleus $^{135}$Pr. The wobbling is characterized by $\\Delta I$ =1, E2 transitions between the bands, and a decrease in the wobbling energy confirms its transverse nature. Additionally, a transition from transverse wobbling to a three-quasiparticle band comprised of strong magnetic dipole transitions is observed. These observations conform well to results from calculations with the Tilted Axis Cranking (TAC) model and the Quasiparticle Triaxial Rotor (QTR) Model.

  9. Mirror mount

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kuklo, T.C.; Bender, D.A.

    1994-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

    A unique lens or mirror mount having adjustable constraints at two key locations to allow for ''X'' and ''Y'' tilts of the mirror only is disclosed. The device uses two pair of flexures of a type such that the pivots of the mirror gimble are rigidly fixed in all planes allowing the device to have zero stacking tolerance and zero wear over time. 4 figs.

  10. The SU(1, 1) Perelomov number coherent states and the non-degenerate parametric amplifier

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ojeda-Guillén, D., E-mail: dojedag@ipn.mx; Granados, V. D. [Escuela Superior de Física y Matemáticas, Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Ed. 9, Unidad Profesional Adolfo López Mateos, C.P. 07738 México D. F. (Mexico)] [Escuela Superior de Física y Matemáticas, Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Ed. 9, Unidad Profesional Adolfo López Mateos, C.P. 07738 México D. F. (Mexico); Mota, R. D. [Escuela Superior de Ingeniería Mecánica y Eléctrica, Unidad Culhuacán, Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Av. Santa Ana No. 1000, Col. San Francisco Culhuacán, Delegación Coyoacán, C.P. 04430, México D. F. (Mexico)] [Escuela Superior de Ingeniería Mecánica y Eléctrica, Unidad Culhuacán, Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Av. Santa Ana No. 1000, Col. San Francisco Culhuacán, Delegación Coyoacán, C.P. 04430, México D. F. (Mexico)

    2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We construct the Perelomov number coherent states for an arbitrary su(1, 1) group operation and study some of their properties. We introduce three operators which act on Perelomov number coherent states and close the su(1, 1) Lie algebra. By using the tilting transformation we apply our results to obtain the energy spectrum and eigenfunctions of the non-degenerate parametric amplifier. We show that these eigenfunctions are the Perelomov number coherent states of the two-dimensional harmonic oscillator.

  11. Optical Properties of Wurtzite GaN and ZnO Quantum Dots Vladimir A. Fonoberov and Alexander A. Balandin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fonoberov, Vladimir

    Optical Properties of Wurtzite GaN and ZnO Quantum Dots Vladimir A. Fonoberov and Alexander A-Riverside, Riverside, California 92521, U.S.A. ABSTRACT We have investigated exciton states in wurtzite GaN/AlN and ZnO quantum dots. A strong piezoelectric field in GaN/AlN quantum dots is found to tilt conduction and valence

  12. Depositional environment and hydrodynamic flow in Guadalupian Cherry Canyon sandstone, West Ford and West Geraldine fields, Delaware Basin, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Linn, Anne Marie

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    processes. The burial history of the sandstones includes compaction of sediments and development of quartz over growths, precipitation of clays and cements, decementation, a second precipitation of clays and cements, partial dissolution of cements...) noted that the Wheat field has a tilted oil/water contact implying that hydrodynamic flow is present. The influence of hydrodynamic flow on oil entrapment was determined from the analysis of subsurface pressur es derived from drill stem tests...

  13. Clinton administration shows pro-gas bias

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Patrick, L.

    1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    President Bill Clinton's cabinet appointments signify a strong shift to more pro-environmental, proconservation energy policies. Clinton signaled a pro-consumer, pro-conservation tilt for the Energy Department with the nomination of Hazel O'Leary, an executive vice president of Northern States Power Co., Minneapolis, to be Secretary of Energy. O'Leary will be responsible for implementing the new National Energy Policy Act, which must resolve a number of energy efficiency and conservation issues.

  14. Monitoring the subsurface with quasi-static deformation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sneider, Roel; Spetzler, Hartmut

    2013-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

    This project consisted of three sub-projects that are all aimed at monitoring the subsurface with geophysical methods. The objectives of these sub-projects are: to investigate the use of seismic waves for remote monitoring of temperature changes in the Yucca Mountain nuclear repository; to investigate the use of measured changes in the tidal tilt as a diagnostic for the infiltration of fluids in the subsurface; and to extract the electrostatic response from dynamic field fluctuations.

  15. East Pacific ocean eddies and their relationship to subseasonal variability in Central American wind jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qiu, Bo

    wind jets Chueh-Hsin Chang,1,2 Shang-Ping Xie,1,3 Niklas Schneider,3,4 Bo Qiu,4 Justin Small,5 Wei-tilted bands on the northwest flank of the Tehuantepec and Papagayo wind jets and collocated-variance bands at a speed of 9­13 cm/s. Wind fluctuations are important for eddy formation in the Gulf

  16. Drift compression and final focus systems for heavy ion inertial fusion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    de Hoon, M.J.L.

    2001-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Longitudinal compression of space-charge dominated beams can be achieved by imposing a head-to-tail velocity tilt on the beam. This tilt has to be carefully tailored, such that it is removed by the longitudinal space-charge repulsion by the time the beam reaches the end of the drift compression section. The transverse focusing lattice should be designed such that all parts of the beam stay approximately matched, while the beam smoothly expands transversely to the larger beam radius needed in the final focus system following drift compression. In this thesis, several drift compression systems were designed within these constraints, based on a given desired pulse shape at the end of drift compression systems were designed within these constraints, based on a given desired pulse shape at the end of drift compression. The occurrence of mismatches due to a rapidly increasing current was analyzed. In addition, the sensitivity of drift compression to errors in the initial velocity tilt and current profile was studied. These calculations were done using a new computer code that accurately calculates the longitudinal electric field in the space-charge dominated regime.

  17. Domain Walls and Anchoring Transitions Mimicking Nematic Biaxiality in the Oxadiazole Bent-Core Liquid Crystal C7

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Young-ki Kim; Greta Cukrov; Jie Xiang; Sung-Tae Shin; Oleg D. Lavrentovich

    2015-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the origin of secondary disclinations that were recently described as a new evidence of a biaxial nematic phase in an oxadiazole bent-core thermotropic liquid crystal C7. With an assortment of optical techniques such as polarizing optical microscopy, LC PolScope, and fluorescence confocal polarizing microscopy, we demonstrate that the secondary disclinations represent non-singular domain walls formed in an uniaxial nematic during the surface anchoring transition, in which surface orientation of the director changes from tangential (parallel to the bounding plates) to tilted. Each domain wall separates two regions with the director tilted in opposite azimuthal directions. At the centre of the wall, the director remains parallel to the bonding plates. The domain walls can be easily removed by applying a modest electric field. The anchoring transition is explained by the balance of (a) the intrinsic perpendicular surface anchoring produced by the polyimide aligning layer and (b) tangential alignment caused by ionic impurities forming electric double layers. The model is supported by the fact that the temperature of the tangential-tilted anchoring transition decreases as the cell thickness increases and as the concentration of ionic species (added salt) increases. We also demonstrate that the surface alignment is strongly affected by thermal degradation of the samples. The study shows that C7 exhibits only a uniaxial nematic phase and demonstrate yet another mechanism (formation of secondary disclinations) by which a uniaxial nematic can mimic a biaxial nematic behaviour.

  18. Areas of Weakly Anomalous to Anomalous Surface Temperature in Garfield County, Colorado, as Identified from ASTER Thermal Data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hussein, Khalid

    2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Citation Information: Originator: Earth Science &Observation Center (ESOC), CIRES, University of Colorado at Boulder Publication Date: 2012 Title: Warm Modeled Temperature Garfield Edition: First Note: This “Weakly Anomalous to Anomalous Surface Temperature” dataset differs from the “Anomalous Surface Temperature” dataset for this county (another remotely sensed CIRES product) by showing areas of modeled temperatures between 1? and 2? above the mean, as opposed to the greater than 2? temperatures contained in the “Anomalous Surface Temperature” dataset. Publication Information: Publication Place: Earth Science & Observation Center, Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Science (CIRES), University of Colorado, Boulder Publisher: Earth Science &Observation Center (ESOC), CIRES, University of Colorado at Boulder Description: This layer contains areas of anomalous surface temperature in Garfield County identified from ASTER thermal data and spatial based insolation model. The temperature is calculated using the Emissivity Normalization Algorithm that separate temperature from emissivity. The incoming solar radiation was calculated using spatial based insolation model developed by Fu and Rich (1999). Then the temperature due to solar radiation was calculated using emissivity derived from ASTER data. The residual temperature, i.e. temperature due to solar radiation subtracted from ASTER temperature was used to identify thermally anomalous areas. Areas that had temperature between 1? and 2? were considered ASTER modeled warm surface exposures (thermal anomalies) Spatial Domain: Extent: Top: 4442180.552290 m Left: 268655.053363 m Right: 359915.053363 m Bottom: 4312490.552290 m Contact Information: Contact Organization: Earth Science &Observation Center (ESOC), CIRES, University of Colorado at Boulder Contact Person: Khalid Hussein Address: CIRES, Ekeley Building Earth Science & Observation Center (ESOC) 216 UCB City: Boulder State: CO Postal Code: 80309-0216 Country: USA Contact Telephone: 303-492-6782 Spatial Reference Information: Coordinate System: Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM) WGS’1984 Zone 13N False Easting: 500000.00000000 False Northing: 0.00000000 Central Meridian: -105.00000000 Scale Factor: 0.99960000 Latitude of Origin: 0.00000000 Linear Unit: Meter Datum: World Geodetic System ’1984 (WGS ’1984) Prime Meridian: Greenwich Angular Unit: Degree Digital Form: Format Name: Shape file

  19. Areas of Weakly Anomalous to Anomalous Surface Temperature in Routt County, Colorado, as Identified from ASTER Thermal Data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hussein, Khalid

    2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Citation Information: Originator: Earth Science &Observation Center (ESOC), CIRES, University of Colorado at Boulder Publication Date: 2012 Title: Warm Modeled Temperature Routt Edition: First Note: This “Weakly Anomalous to Anomalous Surface Temperature” dataset differs from the “Anomalous Surface Temperature” dataset for this county (another remotely sensed CIRES product) by showing areas of modeled temperatures between 1? and 2? above the mean, as opposed to the greater than 2? temperatures contained in the “Anomalous Surface Temperature” dataset. Publication Information: Publication Place: Earth Science & Observation Center, Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Science (CIRES), University of Colorado, Boulder Publisher: Earth Science &Observation Center (ESOC), CIRES, University of Colorado at Boulder Description: This layer contains areas of anomalous surface temperature in Routt County identified from ASTER thermal data and spatial based insolation model. The temperature is calculated using the Emissivity Normalization Algorithm that separate temperature from emissivity. The incoming solar radiation was calculated using spatial based insolation model developed by Fu and Rich (1999). Then the temperature due to solar radiation was calculated using emissivity derived from ASTER data. The residual temperature, i.e. temperature due to solar radiation subtracted from ASTER temperature was used to identify thermally anomalous areas. Areas that had temperature between 1? and 2? were considered ASTER modeled warm surface exposures (thermal anomalies) Spatial Domain: Extent: Top: 4501071.574000 m Left: 311351.975000 m Right: 359411.975000 m Bottom: 4447521.574000 m Contact Information: Contact Organization: Earth Science &Observation Center (ESOC), CIRES, University of Colorado at Boulder Contact Person: Khalid Hussein Address: CIRES, Ekeley Building Earth Science & Observation Center (ESOC) 216 UCB City: Boulder State: CO Postal Code: 80309-0216 Country: USA Contact Telephone: 303-492-6782 Spatial Reference Information: Coordinate System: Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM) WGS’1984 Zone 13N False Easting: 500000.00000000 False Northing: 0.00000000 Central Meridian: -105.00000000 Scale Factor: 0.99960000 Latitude of Origin: 0.00000000 Linear Unit: Meter Datum: World Geodetic System ’1984 (WGS ’1984) Prime Meridian: Greenwich Angular Unit: Degree Digital Form: Format Name: Shape file

  20. Areas of Weakly Anomalous to Anomalous Surface Temperature in Dolores County, Colorado, as Identified from ASTER Thermal Data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hussein, Khalid

    2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Citation Information: Originator: Earth Science &Observation Center (ESOC), CIRES, University of Colorado at Boulder Publication Date: 2012 Title: Very Warm Modeled Temperature Dolores Edition: First Note: This “Weakly Anomalous to Anomalous Surface Temperature” dataset differs from the “Anomalous Surface Temperature” dataset for this county (another remotely sensed CIRES product) by showing areas of modeled temperatures between 1? and 2? above the mean, as opposed to the greater than 2? temperatures contained in the “Anomalous Surface Temperature” dataset. Publication Information: Publication Place: Earth Science & Observation Center, Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Science (CIRES), University of Colorado, Boulder Publisher: Earth Science &Observation Center (ESOC), CIRES, University of Colorado at Boulder Description: This layer contains areas of anomalous surface temperature in Dolores County identified from ASTER thermal data and spatial based insolation model. The temperature is calculated using the Emissivity Normalization Algorithm that separate temperature from emissivity. The incoming solar radiation was calculated using spatial based insolation model developed by Fu and Rich (1999). Then the temperature due to solar radiation was calculated using emissivity derived from ASTER data. The residual temperature, i.e. temperature due to solar radiation subtracted from ASTER temperature was used to identify thermally anomalous areas. Areas that had temperature greater than 2? were considered ASTER modeled very warm surface exposures (thermal anomalies) Spatial Domain: Extent: Top: 4186234.213315 m Left: 212558.673056 m Right: 232922.811862 m Bottom: 4176781.467043 m Contact Information: Contact Organization: Earth Science &Observation Center (ESOC), CIRES, University of Colorado at Boulder Contact Person: Khalid Hussein Address: CIRES, Ekeley Building Earth Science & Observation Center (ESOC) 216 UCB City: Boulder State: CO Postal Code: 80309-0216 Country: USA Contact Telephone: 303-492-6782 Spatial Reference Information: Coordinate System: Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM) WGS’1984 Zone 13N False Easting: 500000.00000000 False Northing: 0.00000000 Central Meridian: -105.00000000 Scale Factor: 0.99960000 Latitude of Origin: 0.00000000 Linear Unit: Meter Datum: World Geodetic System ’1984 (WGS ’1984) Prime Meridian: Greenwich Angular Unit: Degree Digital Form: Format Name: Shape file