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1

The Inforum LIFT Model  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

personal consumption transportation energy use (gasoline and oil). Electric power - Fossil fuels consumption by electric utilities. Ratios are used to relate LIFT...

2

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Release Date: June 2013 | Release Date: June 2013 | Report Number: DOE/EIA-0383(2012) Acronyms List of Acronyms AB Assembly Bill IHSGI IHS Global Insight AB32 California Assembly Bill 32 INFORUM Interindustry Forecasting Project at the University of Maryland ACI Activated carbon injection IOU Invester-owned utility AEO Annual Energy Outlook IREC Interstate Renewable Energy Council AEO2012 Annual Energy Outlook 2012 ITC Investment tax credit ANWR Arctic National Wildlife Refuge LCFS Low Carbon Fuel Standard ARRA2009 American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 LDV Light-duty vehicle ASHRAE American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-Conditioning Engineers LED Light-emitting diode Blue Chip Blue Chip Consensus LFMM Liquid Fuels Market Module

3

EIA - AEO2010 - Comparison With Other Projections  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Comparison With Other Projections Comparison With Other Projections Annual Energy Outlook 2010 with Projections to 2035 Comparison With Other Projections Only IHS Global Insights, Inc. (IHSGI) produces a comprehensive energy projection with a time horizon similar to that of AEO2010. Other organizations, however, address one or more aspects of the U.S. energy market. The most recent projection from IHSGI, as well as others that concentrate on economic growth, international oil prices, energy consumption, electricity, natural gas, petroleum, and coal, are compared here with the AEO2010 projections. Economic growth Projections of the average annual growth rate of real GDP in the United States from 2008 to 2018 range from 2.1 percent to 2.8 percent (Table 9). In the AEO2010 Reference case, real GDP grows by an average of 2.2 percent per year over the period, lower than projected by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), the Congressional Budget Office (CBO), the Social Security Administration (SSA), and the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS)—although none of those projections has been updated since August 2009. The AEO2010 projection is similar to the IHSGI projection and slightly higher than projections by the Interindustry Forecasting Project at the University of Maryland (INFORUM). In March 2009, the consensus Blue Chip projection was for 2.2-percent average annual growth from 2008 to 2018.

4

EIA - Annual Energy Outlook 2009 - Comparison with Other Projections  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Comparison with Other Projections Comparison with Other Projections Annual Energy Outlook 2009 with Projections to 2030 Comparison with Other Projections Only IHS Global Insight (IHSGI) produces a comprehensive energy projection with a time horizon similar to that of AEO2009. Other organizations, however, address one or more aspects of the U.S. energy market. The most recent projection from IHSGI, as well as others that concentrate on economic growth, international oil prices, energy consumption, electricity, natural gas, petroleum, and coal, are compared here with the AEO2009 projections. Economic Growth Projections of the average annual real GDP growth rate for the United States from 2007 through 2010 range from 0.2 percent to 3.1 percent (Table 15). Real GDP grows at an annual rate of 0.6 percent in the AEO2009 reference case over the period, significantly lower than the projections made by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), and the Social Security Administration (SSA)—although not all of those projections have been updated to take account of the current economic downturn. The AEO2009 projection is slightly lower than the projection by IHSGI and slightly higher than the projection by the Interindustry Forecasting Project at the University of Maryland (INFORUM). In March 2009, the consensus Blue Chip projection was for 2.2-percent average annual growth from 2007 to 2010.

5

Global Insight Energy Group  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Outlook Outlook Mary Novak Managing Director IHS Global Insight Copyright © 2010 IHS Global Insight, Inc. Overview: Energy Sector Transformation Underway * The recession has hit energy demand hard, and aggregate energy demand is not expected to return to 2007 levels until 2018. * Oil and natural gas prices will both rise over the long-term, but the price trends will diverge with natural gas prices rising slowly due to the development of shale gas. * This forecast does not include a GHG cap-and-trade program. However, it is assumed that there will be continued improvement in equipment, appliance and building efficiencies that will reduce carbon emissions relative to past projections. * The forecast also includes the more than 30 state- level programs to increase efficiency and reduce

6

Update on INSIGHTS Development  

SciTech Connect

INSIGHTS is a transformational separate effects testing capability to perform in situ irradiation studies and characterization of the microscale behavior of nuclear fuel materials under a wide variety of in-pile conditions. Separate effects testing including growth, irradiation, and monitoring of these materials, and encompasses the full science based approach for fuels development from the nanoscale to the mesoscale behavior of the sample material and other defects driven by the modeling and simulation efforts of INL.

Not Listed; Eric Burgett

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Exascale Insights (2011) | National Nuclear Security Administration  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > Media Room > Video Gallery > Exascale Insights (2011) Exascale Insights (2011) Exascale Insights (2011) From: NNSANews...

8

Energy Insight | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy Insight Energy Insight Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Energy Insight Agency/Company /Organization: Tendril Connect Sector: Energy Focus Area: Energy Efficiency Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Website Website: greenbuttonconnect.com/home Web Application Link: greenbuttonconnect.com/apps/energyinsight/? OpenEI Keyword(s): Green Button Apps Language: English Energy Insight Screenshot References: Tendril[1] Green Button Connect[2] Logo: Energy Insight An application that analyzes and presents your energy data in easy-to-understand charts. Energy Insight enables you to dynamically sort the chart data using a variety of time periods: hourly, daily, monthly. In addition to the charts, the Energy Insight application can display your

9

Modeling for Insights  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

System Dynamics is a computer-aided approach to evaluating the interrelationships of different components and activities within complex systems. Recently, System Dynamics models have been developed in areas such as policy design, biological and medical modeling, energy and the environmental analysis, and in various other areas in the natural and social sciences. The real power of System Dynamic modeling is gaining insights into total system behavior as time, and system parameters are adjusted and the effects are visualized in real time. System Dynamic models allow decision makers and stakeholders to explore long-term behavior and performance of complex systems, especially in the context of dynamic processes and changing scenarios without having to wait decades to obtain field data or risk failure if a poor management or design approach is used. The Idaho National Laboratory recently has been developing a System Dynamic model of the US Nuclear Fuel Cycle. The model is intended to be used to identify and understand interactions throughout the entire nuclear fuel cycle and suggest sustainable development strategies. This paper describes the basic framework of the current model and presents examples of useful insights gained from the model thus far with respect to sustainable development of nuclear power.

Jacob J. Jacobson; Gretchen Matthern

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Inter-Industry Diffusion of Technology That Results From ATP ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... cast in terms of private versus social returns. ... 491, 4931 68B Gas production and ... Manufacturing High-Temperature Coils for Electric Motor Efficiency ...

2003-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

11

Honda Insight Fleet and Accelerated Reliability Testing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Gen II Insight HEV Accelerated Testing - August 2012 Two model year 2010 Honda Generation II Insight hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) entered Accelerated testing during July 2009 in...

12

Building Energy Software Tools Directory : ecoInsight Energy...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ecoInsight Energy Audit & Analysis Software Back to Tool ecoInsight screenshot ecoInsight screenshot ecoInsight...

13

Honda Insight Fleet and Accelerated Reliability Testing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Insight HEVs were driven less than 25,000 miles each (Fleet testing) and the fourth was driven 68,000 miles. During January 2005, the fifth Insight reached 160,000 miles...

14

Nuclear Physics meets Biophysics: New Insights into ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Nuclear Physics meets Biophysics: New Insights into Macromolecules. Frank Heinrich, Institut fr Experimentelle Physik II, Universitt Leipzig. ...

15

Fundamental limits and insights: from wireless communication to DNA sequencing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fundamental limits and insights: from wireless communicationDavid Aldous Fall 2012 Fundamental limits and insights: fromGuy Bresler Abstract Fundamental limits and insights: from

Bresler, Guy

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Synthetic Cells Shed Biological Insights While Delivering ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Synthetic Cells Shed Biological Insights While Delivering Battery Power. ... Image of two artificial cells that can act as a tiny battery. ...

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Geothermal: Sponsored by OSTI -- Hydraulic fracturing: insights...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Hydraulic fracturing: insights from field, lab, and numerical studies Geothermal Technologies Legacy Collection HelpFAQ | Site Map | Contact Us | Admin Log On HomeBasic Search...

18

IDC Energy Insights | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

IDC Energy Insights IDC Energy Insights Jump to: navigation, search Logo: IDC Energy Insights Name IDC Energy Insights Place Framingham, Massachusetts Coordinates 42.2917623°, -71.4258945° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.2917623,"lon":-71.4258945,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

19

DOE Research and Development Accomplishments Interesting Insights  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

DNA Interesting Insights Atom Neat Stuff a pre-Pong video game (Tennis for Two) Video game why dinosaurs are extinct Alvarez BuckyBall 'optical tweezers' Chu the molecule...

20

HEV Fleet Testing - 2001 Honda Insight Hybrid  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 - Honda Insight Hybrid VIN JHMZE14781T002163 Date Mileage Description Cost 2202002 7,595 Changed oil, rotated tires 27.00 592002 15,119 15K service 160.21 6142002 19,290...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "insight inforum interindustry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

ALS Gives Chevron Scientists New Insights into Corrosion Resistance  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ALS Gives Chevron Scientists New Insights into Corrosion Resistance ALS Gives Chevron Scientists New Insights into Corrosion Resistance Print Thursday, 25 July 2013 13:44 In the...

22

Space-Time Insight | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Space-Time Insight Space-Time Insight Jump to: navigation, search Name Space-Time Insight Address 45680 Northport Loop East Place Fremont, California Zip 94538 Sector Efficiency Product SpaceTime Awareness Server Year founded 2008 Number of employees 11-50 Website http://www.spacetimeinsight.co Coordinates 37.4923832°, -121.9532879° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.4923832,"lon":-121.9532879,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

23

IBM Internet Security Systems Threat Insight Monthly  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. http://docs.info.apple.com/article.html?artnum=303411 BEA Systems - 2007 Daylight Savings Time ChangesIBM Internet Security Systems X-Force ® Threat Insight Monthly www.iss.netwww.iss.net February 2007 Shellcode Heuristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 The 2007 Daylight

24

Insights from UT Austin Energy Poll  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Insights from UT Austin Energy Insights from UT Austin Energy Poll on U.S. Consumer Attitudes July 24, 2013 Sheril Kirshenbaum Director of The Energy Poll Page 2 Source: University of Texas at Austin Energy Poll Impartial and authoritative source of public perspectives on energy to inform and guide discussion, business planning and policy development Page 3 Source: University of Texas at Austin Energy Poll Background * First questionnaire developed in 2010 (Inaugural launch Oct. 2011) * Collaborative effort with representatives from academic institutions, polling companies, non-governmental organizations, energy producers and energy consumers Fall 2012 - Third Release * Online survey conducted September 6-17, 2012 * 2,092 respondents, weighted to reflect U.S. Census demographics

25

RCx Insights and Best Practices from Utilities  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Insights and Best Practices from Insights and Best Practices from Utilities Ryan Stoianowski Senior Program Manager, ComEd A PECI EVENT 18 th National Conference on Building Commissioning Learning Objectives 1. ComEd's RCx Program and all its flavors 2. Case studies for Museum, Hospital, and Office 3. Program design changes and lessons learned 4. Anticipated future direction of the program AIA Quality Assurance A PECI EVENT 18 th National Conference on Building Commissioning Smart Ideas Background  What is the Smart Ideas Program? * Provides incentives for energy efficient upgrades and incentives * Part of Illinois energy legislation passed in 2007 * Program implemented by ComEd, Ameren Illinois, and the Illinois Department of Commerce and Economic Opportunity

26

Insights from Human/Mouse genome comparisons  

SciTech Connect

Large-scale public genomic sequencing efforts have provided a wealth of vertebrate sequence data poised to provide insights into mammalian biology. These include deep genomic sequence coverage of human, mouse, rat, zebrafish, and two pufferfish (Fugu rubripes and Tetraodon nigroviridis) (Aparicio et al. 2002; Lander et al. 2001; Venter et al. 2001; Waterston et al. 2002). In addition, a high-priority has been placed on determining the genomic sequence of chimpanzee, dog, cow, frog, and chicken (Boguski 2002). While only recently available, whole genome sequence data have provided the unique opportunity to globally compare complete genome contents. Furthermore, the shared evolutionary ancestry of vertebrate species has allowed the development of comparative genomic approaches to identify ancient conserved sequences with functionality. Accordingly, this review focuses on the initial comparison of available mammalian genomes and describes various insights derived from such analysis.

Pennacchio, Len A.

2003-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

27

THE PALAEOZOIC PALYNOSTRATIGRAPHY OF THE KAROO PALYNOFACIES INSIGHT INTO PALAEOENVIRONMENTAL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE PALAEOZOIC PALYNOSTRATIGRAPHY OF THE KAROO SUPERGROUP AND PALYNOFACIES INSIGHT INTO PALAEOENVIRONMENTAL INTERPRETATIONS, KALAHARI KAROO BASIN, BOTSWANA Benson N. Modie 2007 Thesis submitted Techniques THE PALAEOZOIC PALYNOSTRATIGRAPHY OF THE KAROO SUPERGROUP AND PALYNOFACIES INSIGHT

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

28

Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging Print Wednesday, 25 February 2009 00:00 XPD helicase is an enzyme...

29

Probabilistic Risk Assessment - Insights for Executives  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes the development and use of a new Probabilistic Risk Assessment (PRA) training resource, Probabilistic Risk Assessment Insights for Executives. It consists of a slide package with speaker notes, for use by EPRI members to expand understanding of PRA and its applications among executives and nuclear power plant leadership teams.BackgroundWhile many technical disciplines in the nuclear industry have gained acceptance and are ...

2013-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

30

Ecofys-Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions: Insights from Example  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ecofys-Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions: Insights from Example Ecofys-Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions: Insights from Example Development Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: National Appropriate Mitigation Actions: Insights from Example Development Agency/Company /Organization: Ecofys Sector: Energy, Land Topics: Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Lessons learned/best practices Website: www.ecofys.com/com/publications/brochures_newsletters/documents/Report National Appropriate Mitigation Actions: Insights from Example Development Screenshot References: National Appropriate Mitigation Actions: Insights from Example Development[1] "Ecofys elaborated in several projects, concrete examples of NAMAs to understand the issues arising from this concept. This report summarizes the

31

Open Data for Climate and Health Insights  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Open Data for Climate and Health Insights Print E-mail Open Data for Climate and Health Insights Print E-mail Metadata Access Tool for Climate and Health (MATCH) Website Thursday, May 9, 2013 Posted by Tom Armstrong, Executive Director, U.S. Global Change Research Program Today, in conjunction with a series of landmark steps announced by the Obama Administration to unleash troves of useful data from the vaults of government, the interagency US Global Change Research Program (USGCRP) launched a new online tool that promises to accelerate research relating to climate change and human health-the Metadata Access Tool for Climate and Health, or "MATCH." The Administration announcements made today include an Executive Order signed by the President declaring that information is a valuable national resource and strategic asset, and a new government-wide Open Data Policy requiring that, going forward, data generated by the government shall be made available in open, machine-readable formats. The move will make troves of previously inaccessible or unmanageable data more readily available to entrepreneurs, researchers, and others who can use open data as fuel for innovation, businesses and new services and tools.

32

Risk Insights Gained from Fire Incidents  

SciTech Connect

There now exist close to 20 years of history in the application of Probabilistic Risk Assessment (PRA) for the analysis of fire risk at nuclear power plants. The current methods are based on various assumptions regarding fire phenomena, the impact of fire on equipment and operator response, and the overall progression of a fire event from initiation through final resolution. Over this same time period, a number of significant fire incidents have occurred at nuclear power plants around the world. Insights gained from US experience have been used in US studies as the statistical basis for establishing fire initiation frequencies both as a function of the plant area and the initiating fire source.To a lesser extent, the fire experience has also been used to assess the general severity and duration of fires. However, aside from these statistical analyses, the incidents have rarely been scrutinized in detail to verify the underlying assumptions of fire PRAs. This paper discusses an effort, under which a set of fire incidents are being reviewed in order to gain insights directly relevant to the methods, data, and assumptions that form the basis for current fire PRAs. The paper focuses on the objectives of the effort, the specific fire events being reviews methodology, and anticipated follow-on activities.

Kazarians, Mardy; Nowlen, Steven P.

1999-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

33

Insights into Spring 2008 Gasoline Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Insights into Spring 2008 Gasoline Prices Insights into Spring 2008 Gasoline Prices Insights into Spring 2008 Gasoline Prices EIA released a new analytical report entitled Motor Gasoline Market Spring 2007 and Implications for Spring 2008. It includes a discussion of scheduled refinery outages in 2008 prepared in accordance with Section 804 of the Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) of 2007, which requires EIA to review and analyze information on such outages from commercial reporting services and assess to their expected effects on the price and supply of gasoline. Changes in wholesale gasoline prices relative to crude oil are determined by the tightness between gasoline supply (production and net imports) and demand. Expectations for U.S. gasoline supply relative to demand are for a more favorable situation in January through May 2008 than was the case in the comparable 2007 period. Demand growth, which varies seasonally and depends on economic factors, is expected to slow. New gasoline supply is affected by refinery outages, refinery run decisions, and import variations. Planned refinery outages for January through May 2008 are lower than for the same period in 2007. Given lower planned outages and assuming the return of unplanned outages to more typical levels, including the return of BP's Texas City refinery to full operation, gasoline production could increase between 100 and 200 thousand barrels per day over last year's level, depending on the market incentives. In addition, ethanol use, which adds to gasoline supply, is expected to continue to increase. Considering the uncertainty in all the gasoline supply components, there is little likelihood of events combining in 2008 to lead to the kind of tight supply downstream from crude oil markets seen in spring 2007. In summary, refinery outage and import impacts should contribute less to gasoline price increases in 2008 than in 2007. If all of the low-range estimates for supply occurred, total gasoline supply would increase about 200 thousand barrels per day (Figure S1). However, record crude oil prices are nonetheless pushing current and expected gasoline prices to record levels.

34

New Insights Into Deep Convective Core Vertical Velocities Using...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Insights Into Deep Convective Core Vertical Velocities Using ARM UHF Wind Profilers For original submission and image(s), see ARM Research Highlights http:www.arm.govscience...

35

Bob Jaffe, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Insights from...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Insights from the Energy Critical Elements Policy Study by the American Physical Society and Material Research Society Bob Jaffe,...

36

insights on the Road to Performance Excellence November ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Grail for every organizational leader around the globe. ... marketplace and an uncertain global economy will ... concepts shared in this Insights column. ...

2013-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

37

Structure of an Unusually Small RNA Switch Provides Insight into...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Structure of an Unusually Small RNA Switch Provides Insight into the Minimal Requirements for Microbial Gene Regulation The emergence of drug-resistant microbes represents a major...

38

Abstract - The ICSI Notary: Lessons and Insights from a Large ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract title: The ICSI Notary: Lessons and Insights from a Large ... ongoing live measurement effort aimed at understanding the global SSL/TLS ...

2013-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

39

Penetrating Insights: NIST Airframe Tests Help Ensure Better ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Penetrating Insights: NIST Airframe Tests Help Ensure Better Shielding for Flight ... were a Boeing 737-200 and a Bombardier Global 5000 business ...

2010-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

40

Insights from the downhole dynamometer database  

SciTech Connect

The Downhole Dynamometer Database is a compilation of test data collected with a set of five downhole tools built by Albert Engineering under contract to Sandia National Laboratories. The downhole dynamometer tools are memory tools deployed in the sucker rod string with sensors to measure pressure, temperature, load, and acceleration. The acceleration data is processed to yield position, so that a load vs. position dynagraph can be generated using data collected downhole. With five tools in the hole at one time, all measured data and computed dynagraphs from five different positions in the rod string are available. The purpose of the Database is to provide industry with a complete and high quality measurement of downhole sucker rod pumping dynamics. To facilitate use of the database, Sandia has developed a Microsoft Windows-based interface that functions as a visualizer and browser to the more than 40 MBytes of data. The interface also includes a data export feature to allow users to extract data from the database for use in their own programs. Following a brief description of the downhole dynamometer tools, data collection program, and database content, this paper will illustrate a few of the interesting and unique insights gained from the downhole data.

Waggoner, J.R.

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "insight inforum interindustry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

The ADVANCE project: Insights and achievments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

ADVANCE [Advanced Driver and Vehicle Advisory Navigation ConcEpt] was a public/private partnership conceived and developed by four founding parties. The founding parties include the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), the Illinois Department of Transportation (IDOT), the University of Illinois at Chicago and Northwestern University operating together under the auspices of the Illinois Universities Transportation Research Consortium (IUTRC), and Motorola, Inc. The major responsibilities of each party are fully described in the Project agreement. Subsequently, these four were joined on the Steering Committee by the American Automobile Association (AAA). This unique blending of public sector, private sector and university interests, augmented by more than two dozen other private sector participants, provided a strong set of resources for ADVANCE. The ADVANCE test area covered over 300 square miles including portions of the City of Chicago and 40 northwest suburban communities. The Project encompasses the high growth areas adjacent to O`Hare International Airport, the Schaumburg/Hoffman Estates office and retail complexes, and the Lake-Cook Road development corridor. It also includes major sports and entertainment complexes such as the Arlington International Racecourse and the Rosemont Horizon. The population in the area is more than 750,000. The Insights and Perspectives Compendium is intended to provide useful information to project managers, system developers, and system integrators of future similar ITS implementations. It is intended for those that are technically interested in the ADVANCE Project and have a basic understanding of the project.

NONE

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

42

Atomistic insights into aqueous corrosion of copper.  

SciTech Connect

Corrosion is a fundamental problem in electrochemistry and represents a mode of failure of technologically important materials. Understanding the basic mechanism of aqueous corrosion of metals such as Cu in presence of halide ions is hence essential. Using molecular dynamics simulations incorporating reactive force-field (ReaxFF), the interaction of copper substrates and chlorine under aqueous conditions has been investigated. These simulations incorporate effects of proton transfer in the aqueous media and are suitable for modeling the bond formation and bond breakage phenomenon that is associated with complex aqueous corrosion phenomena. Systematic investigation of the corrosion process has been carried out by simulating different chlorine concentration and solution states. The structural and morphological differences associated with metal dissolution in the presence of chloride ions are evaluated using dynamical correlation functions. The simulated atomic trajectories are used to analyze the charged states, molecular structure and ion density distribution which are utilized to understand the atomic scale mechanism of corrosion of copper substrates under aqueous conditions. Increased concentration of chlorine and higher ambient temperature were found to expedite the corrosion of copper. In order to study the effect of solution states on the corrosion resistance of Cu, partial fractions of proton or hydroxide in water were configured, and higher corrosion rate at partial fraction hydroxide environment was observed. When the Cl{sup -} concentration is low, oxygen or hydroxide ion adsorption onto Cu surface has been confirmed in partial fraction hydroxide environment. Our study provides new atomic scale insights into the early stages of aqueous corrosion of metals such as copper.

Jeon, B.; Sankaranarayanan, S. K. R. S.; van Duin, A. C. T.; Ramanathan, S. (Center for Nanoscale Materials); (Harvard Univ.); (Penn State Univ.)

2011-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

43

Decision insight into stakeholder conflict for ERN.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Participatory modeling has become an important tool in facilitating resource decision making and dispute resolution. Approaches to modeling that are commonly used in this context often do not adequately account for important human factors. Current techniques provide insights into how certain human activities and variables affect resource outcomes; however, they do not directly simulate the complex variables that shape how, why, and under what conditions different human agents behave in ways that affect resources and human interactions related to them. Current approaches also do not adequately reveal how the effects of individual decisions scale up to have systemic level effects in complex resource systems. This lack of integration prevents the development of more robust models to support decision making and dispute resolution processes. Development of integrated tools is further hampered by the fact that collection of primary data for decision-making modeling is costly and time consuming. This project seeks to develop a new approach to resource modeling that incorporates both technical and behavioral modeling techniques into a single decision-making architecture. The modeling platform is enhanced by use of traditional and advanced processes and tools for expedited data capture. Specific objectives of the project are: (1) Develop a proof of concept for a new technical approach to resource modeling that combines the computational techniques of system dynamics and agent based modeling, (2) Develop an iterative, participatory modeling process supported with traditional and advance data capture techniques that may be utilized to facilitate decision making, dispute resolution, and collaborative learning processes, and (3) Examine potential applications of this technology and process. The development of this decision support architecture included both the engineering of the technology and the development of a participatory method to build and apply the technology. Stakeholder interaction with the model and associated data capture was facilitated through two very different modes of engagement, one a standard interface involving radio buttons, slider bars, graphs and plots, while the other utilized an immersive serious gaming interface. The decision support architecture developed through this project was piloted in the Middle Rio Grande Basin to examine how these tools might be utilized to promote enhanced understanding and decision-making in the context of complex water resource management issues. Potential applications of this architecture and its capacity to lead to enhanced understanding and decision-making was assessed through qualitative interviews with study participants who represented key stakeholders in the basin.

Siirola, John; Tidwell, Vincent Carroll; Benz, Zachary O.; Stansbury, Melanie; Richards, Elizabeth H.; Turnley, Jessica Glicken (Galisteo Consulting); Warrender, Christina E.; Morrow, James Dan

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Technical Insights for Saltstone PA Maintenance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Cementitious Barriers Partnership (CBP) is a collaborative program sponsored by the US DOE Office of Waste Processing. The objective of the CBP is to develop a set of computational tools to improve understanding and prediction of the long-term structural, hydraulic, and chemical performance of cementitious barriers and waste forms used in nuclear applications. CBP tools are expected to better characterize and reduce the uncertainties of current methodologies for assessing cementitious barrier performance and increase the consistency and transparency of the assessment process, as the five-year program progresses. In September 2009, entering its second year of funded effort, the CBP sought opportunities to provide near-term tangible support to DOE Performance Assessments (PAs). The Savannah River Saltstone Disposal Facility (SDF) was selected for the initial PA support effort because (1) cementitious waste forms and barriers play a prominent role in the performance of the facility, (2) certain important long-term behaviors of cementitious materials composing the facility are uncertain, (3) review of the SDF PA by external stakeholders is ongoing, and (4) the DOE contractor responsible for the SDF PA is open to receiving technical assistance from the CBP. A review of the current (SRR Closure & Waste Disposal Authority 2009) and prior Saltstone PAs (e.g., Cook et al. 2005) suggested five potential opportunities for improving predictions. The candidate topics considered were (1) concrete degradation from external sulfate attack, (2) impact of atmospheric exposure to concrete and grout before closure, such as accelerated slag and Tc-99 oxidation, (3) mechanistic prediction of geochemical conditions, (4) concrete degradation from rebar corrosion due to carbonation, and (5) early age cracking from drying and/or thermal shrinkage. The candidate topics were down-selected considering the feasibility of addressing each issue within approximately six months, and compatibility with existing CBP expertise and already-planned activities. Based on these criteria, the five original topics were down-selected to two: external sulfate attack and mechanistic geochemical prediction. For each of the selected topics, the CBP communicated with the PA analysts and subject matter experts at Savannah River to acquire input data specific to the Saltstone facility and related laboratory experiments. Simulations and analyses were performed for both topics using STADIUM (SIMCO 2008), LeachXS/ORCHESTRA (ECN 2007, Meeussen 2003), and other software tools. These supplemental CBP analyses produced valuable technical insights that can be used to strengthen the Saltstone PA using the ongoing PA maintenance process. This report in part summarizes key information gleaned from more comprehensive documents prepared by Sarkar et al. (2010), Samson (2010), and Sarkar (2010).

Flach, G.; Sarkar, S.; Mahadevan, S.; Kosson, D.

2011-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

45

Voices of Experience: Insights on Smart Grid Customer Engagement (July  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Voices of Experience: Insights on Smart Grid Customer Engagement Voices of Experience: Insights on Smart Grid Customer Engagement (July 2013) Voices of Experience: Insights on Smart Grid Customer Engagement (July 2013) The success of the Smart Grid will depend in part on consumers taking a more proactive role in managing their energy use. This document is the result of a nine-month effort to compile information on the successful approaches used by utilities to engage customers regarding smart grid technology deployments. Voices of Experience: Insights on Smart Grid Customer Engagement provides practical advice from utilities that have implemented smart grid projects to educate and engage their customers. Customer engagement within the electric power industry is an evolving, ongoing process that is just beginning to emerge. While this guide may lean

46

Voices of Experience: Insights on Smart Grid Customer Engagement (July  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Voices of Experience: Insights on Smart Grid Customer Engagement Voices of Experience: Insights on Smart Grid Customer Engagement (July 2013) Voices of Experience: Insights on Smart Grid Customer Engagement (July 2013) The success of the Smart Grid will depend in part on consumers taking a more proactive role in managing their energy use. This document is the result of a nine-month effort to compile information on the successful approaches used by utilities to engage customers regarding smart grid technology deployments. Voices of Experience: Insights on Smart Grid Customer Engagement provides practical advice from utilities that have implemented smart grid projects to educate and engage their customers. Customer engagement within the electric power industry is an evolving, ongoing process that is just beginning to emerge. While this guide may lean

47

Worldwide Trends in Energy Use and Efficiency: Key Insights from...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Worldwide Trends in Energy Use and Efficiency: Key Insights from International Energy Agency (IEA) Indicator Analysis in Support of the Group of Eight (G8) Plan of Action Jump to:...

48

People are Strange: Current Behavioral Insights into Energy Usage  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

People are Strange: Current Behavioral Insights into Energy Usage Speaker(s): Susan Mazur-Stommen Date: October 10, 2011 - 12:00pm Location: 90-1099 Seminar HostPoint of Contact:...

49

Basic Science Simulations Provide New Insights to Aid Hydrogen...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

provides insight into flame anchoring in a hydrogen-rich jet in cross-flow. When gas turbine designers want to use gasified biomass for stationary power generation, they...

50

Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging Print XPD helicase is an enzyme that unwinds the DNA double helix; it is one component of an essential repair mechanism...

51

Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Bioscience Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging Print XPD helicase is an enzyme that unwinds the DNA double helix; it is one component of an essential repair...

52

Neutrons' view of hydrogen yields insight into HIV drug design...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Neutrons' view of hydrogen yields insight into HIV drug design ORNL-led study demonstrates relevance of neutrons in biomedical research An ORNL-led team used neutrons to study the...

53

Estimates of emergency operating capacity in U.S. manufacturing industries: 1994--2005  

SciTech Connect

To develop integrated policies for mobilization preparedness, planners require estimates and projections of available productive capacity during national emergency conditions. This report develops projections of national emergency operating capacity (EOC) for 458 US manufacturing industries at the 4-digit Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) level. These measures are intended for use in planning models that are designed to predict the demands for detailed industry sectors that would occur under conditions such as a military mobilization or a major national disaster. This report is part of an ongoing series of studies prepared by the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory to support mobilization planning studies of the Federal Emergency Planning Agency/US Department of Defense (FEMA/DOD). Earlier sets of EOC estimates were developed in 1985 and 1991. This study presents estimates of EOC through 2005. As in the 1991 study, projections of capacity were based upon extrapolations of equipment capital stocks. The methodology uses time series regression models based on industry data to obtain a response function of industry capital stock to levels of industrial output. The distributed lag coefficients of these response function are then used with projected outputs to extrapolate the 1994 level of EOC. Projections of industrial outputs were taken from the intermediate-term forecast of the US economy prepared by INFORUM (Interindustry Forecasting Model, University of Maryland) in the spring of 1996.

Belzer, D.B.

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Fuel Panics - insights from spatial agent-based simulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE Cambridge Working Papers in Economics Fuel Panics insights from spatial agent-based simulation Eben Upton and William J. Nuttall CWPE 1309 Fuel Panics insights from spatial agent-based simulation EPRG... Working Paper 1305 Cambridge Working Paper in Economics 1309 Eben Upton and William J. Nuttall Abstract The United Kingdom has twice suffered major disruption as a result of fuel panics first in September 2000 coincident with a wave...

Upton, Eben; Nuttall, William J.

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Multimodal Transport Modeling for Nairobi, Kenya: Insights and Recommendations with an Evidence-Based Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An approach for Nairobi, Kenya. Working Paper UCB-ITS-VWP-Modeling for Nairobi, Kenya: Insights and RecommendationsModeling for Nairobi, Kenya: Insights and Recommendations

Gonzales, Eric J.; Chavis, Celeste; Li, Yuwei; Daganzo, Carlos F.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Real-time spatio-temporal analytics using Microsoft StreamInsight  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Microsoft StreamInsight (StreamInsight, for brevity) is a platform for developing and deploying streaming applications that run continuous queries over high-rate streaming events. StreamInsight adopts a temporal stream model to handle imperfections in ... Keywords: SQL server, StreamInsight, analytics, complex event processing, data streaming, spatio-temporal

Mohamed Ali; Badrish Chandramouli; Balan S. Raman; Ed Katibah

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

An extensible test framework for the Microsoft StreamInsight query processor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Microsoft StreamInsight (StreamInsight, for brevity) is a platform for developing and deploying streaming applications. StreamInsight adopts a deterministic stream model that leverages a temporal algebra as the underlying basis for processing ... Keywords: SQL server, StreamInsight, data streaming, testing, verification

Alex Raizman; Asvin Ananthanarayan; Anton Kirilov; Badrish Chandramouli; Mohamed Ali

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Proteins' Amazing Origami Powers: Insight for Potential Disease Treatments  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Proteins' Amazing Origami Powers: Insight for Potential Disease Proteins' Amazing Origami Powers: Insight for Potential Disease Treatments Proteins' Amazing Origami Powers: Insight for Potential Disease Treatments October 4, 2011 - 12:46pm Addthis This is a visualization of drug molecules ("parade day-like balloons") in a simulated attack of the ribbon-like protein fibrils that are believed to be the cause of Alzheimer’s disease. Click here to see more amazing supercomputer simulations. | Image courtesy of ORNL. This is a visualization of drug molecules ("parade day-like balloons") in a simulated attack of the ribbon-like protein fibrils that are believed to be the cause of Alzheimer's disease. Click here to see more amazing

59

Bob Jaffe, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Insights from the Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Bob Jaffe, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Insights from the Bob Jaffe, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Insights from the Energy Critical Elements Policy Study by the American Physical Society and Material Research Society Bob Jaffe, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Insights from the Energy Critical Elements Policy Study by the American Physical Society and Material Research Society Session_A5_Jaffe_MIT.pdf More Documents & Publications Trans-Atlantic Workshop on Rare Earth Elements and Other Critical Materials for a Clean Energy Future Steve Duclos, Chief Scientist, GE Global Research, Research Priorities for More Efficient Use of Critical Materials from a U.S. Corporate Perspective Michael Heine, SGL Group - The Carbon Company, Carbon Fibers in Lightweight Systems for Wind Energy and Automotive Applications: Availability and

60

Nuclear magnetic resonance offers new insights into Pu 239  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nuclear magnetic resonance offers new insights into Pu 239 Nuclear magnetic resonance offers new insights into Pu 239 Nuclear magnetic resonance offers new insights into Pu 239 Fingerprint of element found by LANL/Japanese team. May 29, 2012 How would the detonation of a nuclear energy source afffect an incoming asteroid? Georgios Koutroulakis and H. Yasuoka in the condensed-matter NMR lab at Los Alamos National Laboratory after having observed the magnetic resonance signal of Pu 239 for the first time. Get Expertise Scientist Eric Bauer Condensed Matter & Magnet Science Email Professor Hiroshi Yasuoka Japan Atomic Energy Agency "This discovery of the plutonium 239 magnetic resonance promises to revolutionize our understanding of plutonium solid state physics, chemistry, biology and materials science."

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "insight inforum interindustry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging Print Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging Print XPD helicase is an enzyme that unwinds the DNA double helix; it is one component of an essential repair mechanism that maintains the integrity of DNA. XPD is unique, however, in that pinpoint mutations of this single protein are responsible for three different human diseases: in xeroderma pigmentosum (XP), extreme sensitivity to sunlight promotes cancer; Cockayne syndrome (CS) involves stunted growth and premature aging; trichothiodystrophy (TTD), characterized by brittle hair and scaly skin, is another form of greatly accelerated aging. At the ALS, researchers from Berkeley Lab and The Scripps Research Institute recently solved the structure of XPD. The structure gives novel insight into the processes of aging and cancer by revealing how discrete flaws-as seemingly insignificant as a change in either of two adjacent amino acid residues-can lead to diseases with completely different physical manifestations.

62

Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging Print Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging Print XPD helicase is an enzyme that unwinds the DNA double helix; it is one component of an essential repair mechanism that maintains the integrity of DNA. XPD is unique, however, in that pinpoint mutations of this single protein are responsible for three different human diseases: in xeroderma pigmentosum (XP), extreme sensitivity to sunlight promotes cancer; Cockayne syndrome (CS) involves stunted growth and premature aging; trichothiodystrophy (TTD), characterized by brittle hair and scaly skin, is another form of greatly accelerated aging. At the ALS, researchers from Berkeley Lab and The Scripps Research Institute recently solved the structure of XPD. The structure gives novel insight into the processes of aging and cancer by revealing how discrete flaws-as seemingly insignificant as a change in either of two adjacent amino acid residues-can lead to diseases with completely different physical manifestations.

63

Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging Print Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging Print XPD helicase is an enzyme that unwinds the DNA double helix; it is one component of an essential repair mechanism that maintains the integrity of DNA. XPD is unique, however, in that pinpoint mutations of this single protein are responsible for three different human diseases: in xeroderma pigmentosum (XP), extreme sensitivity to sunlight promotes cancer; Cockayne syndrome (CS) involves stunted growth and premature aging; trichothiodystrophy (TTD), characterized by brittle hair and scaly skin, is another form of greatly accelerated aging. At the ALS, researchers from Berkeley Lab and The Scripps Research Institute recently solved the structure of XPD. The structure gives novel insight into the processes of aging and cancer by revealing how discrete flaws-as seemingly insignificant as a change in either of two adjacent amino acid residues-can lead to diseases with completely different physical manifestations.

64

Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging Print Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging Print XPD helicase is an enzyme that unwinds the DNA double helix; it is one component of an essential repair mechanism that maintains the integrity of DNA. XPD is unique, however, in that pinpoint mutations of this single protein are responsible for three different human diseases: in xeroderma pigmentosum (XP), extreme sensitivity to sunlight promotes cancer; Cockayne syndrome (CS) involves stunted growth and premature aging; trichothiodystrophy (TTD), characterized by brittle hair and scaly skin, is another form of greatly accelerated aging. At the ALS, researchers from Berkeley Lab and The Scripps Research Institute recently solved the structure of XPD. The structure gives novel insight into the processes of aging and cancer by revealing how discrete flaws-as seemingly insignificant as a change in either of two adjacent amino acid residues-can lead to diseases with completely different physical manifestations.

65

Worldwide Trends in Energy Use and Efficiency: Key Insights from  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Worldwide Trends in Energy Use and Efficiency: Key Insights from Worldwide Trends in Energy Use and Efficiency: Key Insights from International Energy Agency (IEA) Indicator Analysis in Support of the Group of Eight (G8) Plan of Action Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Worldwide Trends in Energy Use and Efficiency: Key Insights from International Energy Agency (IEA) Indicator Analysis in Support of the Group of Eight (G8) Plan of Action Focus Area: Power Plant Efficiency Topics: Potentials & Scenarios Website: www.iea.org/papers/2008/indicators_2008.pdf Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/worldwide-trends-energy-use-and-effic Language: English Policies: "Regulations,Deployment Programs" is not in the list of possible values (Deployment Programs, Financial Incentives, Regulations) for this property.

66

Industry insight Energy and utilities In a nutshell  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in highly specific areas within the oil and gas, waste management, recycling and renewable energies sectors1 Industry insight ­ Energy and utilities In a nutshell The UK's energy and utilities industry management; renewable energy industries; energy conservation organisations. The industry employs around 530

Martin, Ralph R.

67

Water an Unusual Liquid; LCLS Provides New Insights | Stanford Synchrotron  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Water an Unusual Liquid; LCLS Provides New Insights Water an Unusual Liquid; LCLS Provides New Insights Wednesday, November 13, 2013 - 3:00pm SLAC, Redtail Hawk Conference Room 108A Anders Nilsson, SUNCAT The anomalous physical properties of water are responsible for sustaining much of life on earth; for example, water displays a higher heat capacity than common liquids and expands upon freezing. Some of these anomalous physical properties become dramatically enhanced upon supercooling below the freezing point. In particular, extrapolations of the thermal expansion coefficient, isothermal compressibility, heat capacity and correlation length can all be fitted with a power law divergence with the same apparent singularity temperature of about 228 K. Experiments on pure bulk water below about ~240 K have so far been difficult: water crystallization occurs

68

Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Bioscience Bioscience Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging Print XPD helicase is an enzyme that unwinds the DNA double helix; it is one component of an essential repair mechanism that maintains the integrity of DNA. XPD is unique, however, in that pinpoint mutations of this single protein are responsible for three different human diseases: in xeroderma pigmentosum (XP), extreme sensitivity to sunlight promotes cancer; Cockayne syndrome (CS) involves stunted growth and premature aging; trichothiodystrophy (TTD), characterized by brittle hair and scaly skin, is another form of greatly accelerated aging. At the ALS, researchers from Berkeley Lab and The Scripps Research Institute recently solved the structure of XPD. The structure gives novel insight into the processes of aging and cancer by revealing how discrete flaws-as seemingly insignificant as a change in either of two adjacent amino acid residues-can lead to diseases with completely different physical manifestations.

69

Microsoft Word - EXT-00102-Insight Final Report-Printformat.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0102 0102 March 2002 Field Operations Program - Honda Insight Hybrid Electric Vehicle Performance Characterization Report J. Francfort N. Nguyen J. Phung J. Smith M. Wehrey INEEL/EXT-02-00102 Field Operations Program - Honda Insight Hybrid Electric Vehicle Performance Characterization Report J. Francfort 1 N. Nguyen 2 J. Phung 2 J. Smith 2 M. Wehrey 2 Published March 2002 Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory Transportation Technology and Infrastructure Department Idaho Falls, Idaho 83415 Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Under DOE Idaho Operations Office Contract No. DE-AC07-99ID13727 1 INEEL/Bechtel BWXT Idaho, LLC. 2 Southern California Edison iii

70

New imaging technique provides improved insight into controlling the plasma  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

New imaging technique provides improved insight into controlling the plasma New imaging technique provides improved insight into controlling the plasma in fusion experiments By John Greenwald December 9, 2013 Tweet Widget Facebook Like Google Plus One Graphic representation of 2D images of fluctuating electron temperatures in a cross-section of a confined fusion plasma. Graphic representation of 2D images of fluctuating electron temperatures in a cross-section of a confined fusion plasma. A key issue for the development of fusion energy to generate electricity is the ability to confine the superhot, charged plasma gas that fuels fusion reactions in magnetic devices called tokamaks. This gas is subject to instabilities that cause it to leak from the magnetic fields and halt fusion reactions. Now a recently developed imaging technique can help researchers improve

71

New imaging technique provides improved insight into controlling the plasma  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

New imaging technique provides improved insight into controlling the plasma New imaging technique provides improved insight into controlling the plasma in fusion experiments By John Greenwald December 9, 2013 Tweet Widget Facebook Like Google Plus One Graphic representation of 2D images of fluctuating electron temperatures in a cross-section of a confined fusion plasma. Graphic representation of 2D images of fluctuating electron temperatures in a cross-section of a confined fusion plasma. A key issue for the development of fusion energy to generate electricity is the ability to confine the superhot, charged plasma gas that fuels fusion reactions in magnetic devices called tokamaks. This gas is subject to instabilities that cause it to leak from the magnetic fields and halt fusion reactions. Now a recently developed imaging technique can help researchers improve

72

V-016: HP Performance Insight Bugs with Sybase Database Let Remote...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Performance Insight Bugs with Sybase Database Let Remote Users Deny Service and Take Full Control of the Target System V-016: HP Performance Insight Bugs with Sybase Database Let...

73

Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Enzyme Structure Provides Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging Print Wednesday, 25 February 2009 00:00 XPD helicase is an enzyme that unwinds the DNA double helix; it is one component of an essential repair mechanism that maintains the integrity of DNA. XPD is unique, however, in that pinpoint mutations of this single protein are responsible for three different human diseases: in xeroderma pigmentosum (XP), extreme sensitivity to sunlight promotes cancer; Cockayne syndrome (CS) involves stunted growth and premature aging; trichothiodystrophy (TTD), characterized by brittle hair and scaly skin, is another form of greatly accelerated aging. At the ALS, researchers from Berkeley Lab and The Scripps Research Institute recently solved the structure of XPD. The structure gives novel insight into the processes of aging and cancer by revealing how discrete flaws-as seemingly insignificant as a change in either of two adjacent amino acid residues-can lead to diseases with completely different physical manifestations.

74

Model year 2010 Honda insight level-1 testing report.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

As a part of the US Department of Energy's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA), a model year 2010 Honda Insight was procured by eTec (Phoenix, AZ) and sent to ANL's Advanced Powertrain Research Facility for the purposes of vehicle-level testing in support of the Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA). Data was acquired during testing using non-intrusive sensors, vehicle network information, and facilities equipment (emissions and dynamometer data). Standard drive cycles, performance cycles, steady-state cycles and A/C usage cycles were tested. Much of this data is openly available for download in ANL's Downloadable Dynamometer Database (D3). The major results are shown here in this report. Given the preliminary nature of this assessment, the majority of the testing was done over standard regulatory cycles and seeks to obtain a general overview of how the vehicle performs. These cycles include the US FTP cycle (Urban) and Highway Fuel Economy Test cycle as well as the US06, a more aggressive supplemental regulatory cycle. Data collection for this testing was kept at a fairly high level and includes emissions and fuel measurements from an exhaust emissions bench, high-voltage and accessory current and voltage from a DC power analyzer, and CAN bus data such as engine speed, engine load, and electric machine operation when available. The following sections will seek to explain some of the basic operating characteristics of the MY2010 Insight and provide insight into unique features of its operation and design.

Rask, E.; Bocci, D.; Duoba, M.; Lohse-Busch, H. (Energy Systems)

2011-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

75

High Rise Fire Study Provides Insight Into Deadly Wind-Driven ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High Rise Fire Study Provides Insight Into Deadly Wind-Driven Fires. From NIST Tech Beat: May 5, 2009. ...

2011-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

76

Model year 2010 Honda insight level-1 testing report.  

SciTech Connect

As a part of the US Department of Energy's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA), a model year 2010 Honda Insight was procured by eTec (Phoenix, AZ) and sent to ANL's Advanced Powertrain Research Facility for the purposes of vehicle-level testing in support of the Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA). Data was acquired during testing using non-intrusive sensors, vehicle network information, and facilities equipment (emissions and dynamometer data). Standard drive cycles, performance cycles, steady-state cycles and A/C usage cycles were tested. Much of this data is openly available for download in ANL's Downloadable Dynamometer Database (D3). The major results are shown here in this report. Given the preliminary nature of this assessment, the majority of the testing was done over standard regulatory cycles and seeks to obtain a general overview of how the vehicle performs. These cycles include the US FTP cycle (Urban) and Highway Fuel Economy Test cycle as well as the US06, a more aggressive supplemental regulatory cycle. Data collection for this testing was kept at a fairly high level and includes emissions and fuel measurements from an exhaust emissions bench, high-voltage and accessory current and voltage from a DC power analyzer, and CAN bus data such as engine speed, engine load, and electric machine operation when available. The following sections will seek to explain some of the basic operating characteristics of the MY2010 Insight and provide insight into unique features of its operation and design.

Rask, E.; Bocci, D.; Duoba, M.; Lohse-Busch, H. (Energy Systems)

2011-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

77

Structures for Three Membrane Transport Proteins Yield Functional Insights  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Structures for Three Membrane Structures for Three Membrane Transport Proteins Yield Functional Insights Structures for Three Membrane Transport Proteins Yield Functional Insights Print Wednesday, 27 January 2010 00:00 Cells depend on contact with their outside environment in order to thrive. Two examples illustrate why: In one, information needed to guide cellular processes is constantly transmitted across cell membranes by specialized proteins, and in the other, maintaining the right gradient of ions across the membrane is a process critical to the life and death of a cell. Membrane transport proteins-functioning either as channels or transporters-are the gatekeepers that control contact with the world outside the cell by catalyzing the flow of ions and molecules across cell membranes. Malfunctioning transport proteins can lead to cancer, inflammatory, and neurological diseases. Despite their importance in cell function and in a multitude of physiological processes such as sensing pain, there are still many unknowns about how they function. Recently, in an impressive series of three papers in Nature and Science, researchers at the Oregon Health and Science University delineated the structures of three transporter proteins, one of which had never before been characterized structurally in such detail. The structures were solved using ALS Beamlines 5.0.2, 8.2.1, and 8.2.2.

78

SunShot Initiative: Physics of Reliability: Evaluating Design Insights for  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Physics of Reliability: Physics of Reliability: Evaluating Design Insights for Component Technologies in Solar to someone by E-mail Share SunShot Initiative: Physics of Reliability: Evaluating Design Insights for Component Technologies in Solar on Facebook Tweet about SunShot Initiative: Physics of Reliability: Evaluating Design Insights for Component Technologies in Solar on Twitter Bookmark SunShot Initiative: Physics of Reliability: Evaluating Design Insights for Component Technologies in Solar on Google Bookmark SunShot Initiative: Physics of Reliability: Evaluating Design Insights for Component Technologies in Solar on Delicious Rank SunShot Initiative: Physics of Reliability: Evaluating Design Insights for Component Technologies in Solar on Digg Find More places to share SunShot Initiative: Physics of

79

V-016: HP Performance Insight Bugs with Sybase Database Let Remote Users  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6: HP Performance Insight Bugs with Sybase Database Let Remote 6: HP Performance Insight Bugs with Sybase Database Let Remote Users Deny Service and Take Full Control of the Target System V-016: HP Performance Insight Bugs with Sybase Database Let Remote Users Deny Service and Take Full Control of the Target System November 5, 2012 - 6:00am Addthis PROBLEM: HP Performance Insight Bugs with Sybase Database Let Remote Users Deny Service and Take Full Control of the Target System PLATFORM: HP Performance Insight v5.31, v5.40 and v5.41 running on HP-UX, Solaris, Linux, and Windows and using Sybase as the database ABSTRACT: Two vulnerabilities were reported in HP Performance Insight. REFERENCE LINKS: HP Support Document ID: c03555488 SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1027719 CVE-2012-3269 CVE-2012-3270 IMPACT ASSESSMENT: High DISCUSSION:

80

DOE Joint Genome Institute: Peach Genome Offers Insights into Breeding  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

March 24, 2013 March 24, 2013 Peach Genome Offers Insights into Breeding Strategies for Biofuels Crops Rapidly growing trees like poplars and willows are candidate "biofuel crops" from which it is expected that cellulosic ethanol and higher energy content fuels can be efficiently extracted. Domesticating these crops requires a deep understanding of the physiology and genetics of trees, and scientists are turning to long-domesticated fruit trees for hints. The relationship between a peach and a poplar may not be obvious at first glance, but to botanists both trees are part of the rosid superfamily, which includes not only fruit crops like apples, strawberries, cherries, and almonds, but many other plants as well, including rose that gives the superfamily its name.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "insight inforum interindustry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Solar wind samples give insight into birth of solar system  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Solar wind samples Solar wind samples Solar wind samples give insight into birth of solar system Most of the Genesis payload consisted of fragile solar-wind collectors, which had been exposed to the solar particles over a period of two years. June 23, 2011 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials.

82

"Omics of the mammalian gut new insights into function  

SciTech Connect

To understand the role of gut microbes in host health, it is imperative to probe their genetic potential, expression, and ecological status. The current high-throughput sequencing revolution, in addition to advances in mass spectrometry-based proteomics, have recently enabled deep access to these complex environments, and are revealing important insights into the roles of the gastrointestinal (GI) microbiota in host physiology and health. This review discusses examples of how the integration of cutting-edge meta-omics technologies are providing new knowledge about the relationships between host health status in mammals and the microbes inhabiting the GI tract. In addition, we address some promises that these techniques hold for future therapeutic and diagnostic applications.

Lamendella, Regina [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL); Verberkmoes, Nathan C [ORNL; Jansson, Janet [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Modelling the global distribution of fungal species: new insights into microbial cosmopolitanism  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Modelling the global distribution of fungal species: new insights into microbial cosmopolitanism cosmopolitan distributions. However, for estimating the global distributions of microorganisms, discriminating

Bruns, Tom

84

Public Versus Private: Does It Matter for Water Conservation? Insights from California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It Matter for Water Conservation? Insights from Californiaand man- dated water conservation, as well as to pricehands or private. Keywords Water conservation Droughts

Kallis, Giorgos; Ray, Isha; Fulton, Julian; McMahon, James E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Insights On The Thermal History Of The Valles Caldera, New Mexico...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

icon Twitter icon Insights On The Thermal History Of The Valles Caldera, New Mexico- Evidence From Zircon Fission-Track Analysis Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL...

86

PRA insights applicable to the design of the Broad Applications Test Reactor  

SciTech Connect

Design insights applicable to the design of a new Broad Applications Test Reactor (BATR), being studied at Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, are summarized. Sources of design insights include past probabilistic risk assessments and related studies for department of Energy-owned Class A reactors and for commercial reactors. The report includes a preliminary risk allocation scheme for the BATR.

Khericha, S.T.; Reilly, H.J.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Global pattern of earthquakes and seismic energy distributions: Insights for the mechanisms of plate tectonics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? ? ??? ? ?? Global pattern of earthquakes and seismic energy distributions: Insights energy distributions: insights for the mechanisms of plate tectonics P. Vargaa , F. Krummb , F. Riguzzic In this paper, we analyse the distributions of number of events (N) and seismic energy (E) on the Earth

Stuttgart, Universität

88

EM Gains Insight from Germany on Salt-Based Repositories | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Gains Insight from Germany on Salt-Based Repositories Gains Insight from Germany on Salt-Based Repositories EM Gains Insight from Germany on Salt-Based Repositories December 14, 2011 - 12:00pm Addthis Participants in the workshops in Germany toured Asse II, one of Germany’s two salt-based repositories, to gain insights into that facility’s technical challenges and proposed solutions. Pictured, left to right, are an Asse II employee, Bernhard Kienzler of the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, CBFO Chief Scientist Roger Nelson, CBFO International Programs Manager Dr. Abraham Van Luik, and Andrew Wolfsberg, Acting Deputy Division Leader for Earth and Environmental Sciences at Los Alamos National Laboratory. Participants in the workshops in Germany toured Asse II, one of Germany's two salt-based repositories, to gain insights into that facility's

89

Delivering Insight The History of the Accelerated Strategic Computing Initiative  

SciTech Connect

The history of the Accelerated Strategic Computing Initiative (ASCI) tells of the development of computational simulation into a third fundamental piece of the scientific method, on a par with theory and experiment. ASCI did not invent the idea, nor was it alone in bringing it to fruition. But ASCI provided the wherewithal - hardware, software, environment, funding, and, most of all, the urgency - that made it happen. On October 1, 2005, the Initiative completed its tenth year of funding. The advances made by ASCI over its first decade are truly incredible. Lawrence Livermore, Los Alamos, and Sandia National Laboratories, along with leadership provided by the Department of Energy's Defense Programs Headquarters, fundamentally changed computational simulation and how it is used to enable scientific insight. To do this, astounding advances were made in simulation applications, computing platforms, and user environments. ASCI dramatically changed existing - and forged new - relationships, both among the Laboratories and with outside partners. By its tenth anniversary, despite daunting challenges, ASCI had accomplished all of the major goals set at its beginning. The history of ASCI is about the vision, leadership, endurance, and partnerships that made these advances possible.

Larzelere II, A R

2007-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

90

Energy metabolism in Desulfovibrio vulgaris Hildenborough: insights from transcriptome analysis  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Sulphate-reducing bacteria are important players in the global sulphur and carbon cycles, with considerable economical and ecological impact. However, the process of sulphate respiration is still incompletely understood. Several mechanisms of energy conservation have been proposed, but it is unclear how the different strategies contribute to the overall process. In order to obtain a deeper insight into the energy metabolism of sulphate-reducers whole-genome microarrays were used to compare the transcriptional response of Desulfovibrio vulgaris Hildenborough grown with hydrogen/sulphate, pyruvate/sulphate, pyruvate with limiting sulphate, and lactate/thiosulphate, relative to growth in lactate/sulphate. Growth with hydrogen/sulphate showed the largest number of differentially expressed genes and the largest changes in transcript levels. In this condition the most up-regulated energy metabolism genes were those coding for the periplasmic [NiFeSe]hydrogenase, followed by the Ech hydrogenase. The results also provide evidence for the involvement of formate cycling and the recently proposed ethanol pathway during growth in hydrogen. The pathway involving CO cycling is relevant during growth on lactate and pyruvate, but not during growth in hydrogen as the most down-regulated genes were those coding for the CO-induced hydrogenase. Growth on lactate/thiosulphate reveals a down-regulation of several energymetabolism genes similar to what was observed in the presence of nitrite. This study identifies the role of several proteins involved in the energy metabolism of D. vulgaris and highlights several novel genes related to this process, revealing a more complex bioenergetic metabolism than previously considered.

Pereira, Patricia M.; He, Qiang; Valente, Filipa M.A.; Xavier, Antonio V.; Zhou, Jizhong; Pereira, Ines A.C.; Louro, Ricardo O.

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Global pattern of earthquakes and seismic energy distributions: Insights for the mechanisms of plate tectonics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Global pattern of earthquakes and seismic energy distributions: Insights for the mechanisms October 2011 Keywords: Global seismicity Declustered catalogue Earthquake energy distribution Plate tectonics In this paper, we analyse the distributions of number of events (N) and seismic energy (E

Doglioni, Carlo

92

Complexity within the Air Force acquisition system gaining insight from a theory of collapse  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Joseph Tainter's theory of societal collapse is applied in an examination of the U.S. Air Force's aircraft acquisition system in order to gain insight into the enterprise's lagging performance. Theories of collapse at both ...

Marticello, Daniel Nicholas, Jr

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Scientific Insights from Four Generations of Lagrangian Smart Balloons in Atmospheric Research  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper provides an overview of the trials and successes in the development of an autonomous balloon instrument platform (smart balloon) and reviews scientific insights gained through its employment as a marker in a Lagrangian strategy during ...

S. Businger; R. Johnson; R. Talbot

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Expedition Provides New Insight on Gas Hydrates in Gulf of Mexico  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4, 2013 Expedition Provides New Insight on Gas Hydrates in Gulf of Mexico USGS technicians Eric Moore and Jenny White deploy instruments at the start of a seismic survey to explore...

95

Effects of Cloud Seeding in West Texas: Additional Results and New Insights  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Additional results and new insights have been obtained regarding the effect of randomized dynamic seeding of supercooled convective clouds in west Texas. These have resulted in a revised conceptual model that aids in understanding the new results ...

Daniel Rosenfeld; William L. Woodley

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Closer to HIV vaccine goal with new insight into viral factors  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Closer to HIV vaccine goal with new insight into viral factors Closer to HIV vaccine goal with new insight into viral factors New insight into viral factors that facilitate HIV transmission Understanding viral factors that facilitate transmission of HIV infection is critical to developing vaccines. February 14, 2012 Scientists work at the National Stable Isotope Resource LANL scientists found that the infected donor's predominant virus subpopulation in the genital tract differed from that in the blood. Comparing the HIV sequence population in each newly infected partner with that in the genital tract of the transmitting partner revealed that the transmitted variant was genetically distinct from the donor's predominant genital-tract variants. The results imply that a selective process, rather than a random one, determines the transmitted or founder virus.

97

Fundamental New Insight Into Material for Optical-Switching | U.S. DOE  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fundamental New Insight Into Material for Optical-Switching Fundamental New Insight Into Material for Optical-Switching Basic Energy Sciences (BES) BES Home About Research Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of BES Funding Opportunities Basic Energy Sciences Advisory Committee (BESAC) News & Resources Contact Information Basic Energy Sciences U.S. Department of Energy SC-22/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-3081 F: (301) 903-6594 E: sc.bes@science.doe.gov More Information » September 2013 Fundamental New Insight Into Material for Optical-Switching A triple point, where three different atomic structures coexist simultaneously, has been uncovered in vanadium dioxide. Print Text Size: A A A Subscribe FeedbackShare Page Click to enlarge photo. Enlarge Photo Image courtesy of David H Cobden

98

Expedition Provides New Insight on Gas Hydrates in Gulf of Mexico |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Expedition Provides New Insight on Gas Hydrates in Gulf of Mexico Expedition Provides New Insight on Gas Hydrates in Gulf of Mexico Expedition Provides New Insight on Gas Hydrates in Gulf of Mexico May 14, 2013 - 10:00am Addthis USGS technicians Eric Moore and Jenny White deploy instruments at the start of a seismic survey to explore gas hydrates in the deepwater Gulf of Mexico from April to May 2013 | Photo courtesy of USGS USGS technicians Eric Moore and Jenny White deploy instruments at the start of a seismic survey to explore gas hydrates in the deepwater Gulf of Mexico from April to May 2013 | Photo courtesy of USGS Washington, DC - A joint-federal-agency 15-day research expedition in the northern Gulf of Mexico yielded innovative high-resolution seismic data and imagery that will help refine characterizations of large methane

99

A new hydrothermal scenario for the 2006 Lusi eruption, Indonesia. Insights from gas geochemistry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

acquired a wide set of data of molecular and isotopic composition of gas sampled in several Lusi vents, in the surrounding mud volcanoes, in the closest natural gas field (Wunut), and in the hydrothermal ventsA new hydrothermal scenario for the 2006 Lusi eruption, Indonesia. Insights from gas geochemistry

Mazzini, Adriano

100

When mud volcanoes sleep: Insight from seep geochemistry at the Dashgil mud volcano, Azerbaijan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

When mud volcanoes sleep: Insight from seep geochemistry at the Dashgil mud volcano, Azerbaijan A Petroleum Research, Oslo Research Park, 0349 Oslo, Norway c Geology Institute Azerbaijan, Husein Avenue 29A, Baku, Azerbaijan d Moscow State University, Faculty of Geology, Vorobjevy Gory, Moscow 119992, Russia e

Mazzini, Adriano

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "insight inforum interindustry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Carbon Footprint and the Management of Supply Chains: Insights from Simple Models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Carbon Footprint and the Management of Supply Chains: Insights from Simple Models Saif Benjaafar1, we illustrate how carbon emission concerns could be integrated into operational decision-making with regard to procurement, production, and inventory management. We show how, by associating carbon emission

Benjaafar, Saifallah

102

Is the Internet for Porn? An Insight Into the Online Adult Industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Is the Internet for Porn? An Insight Into the Online Adult Industry Gilbert Wondracek1 , Thorsten Introduction "The Internet is for Porn" is the title of a satirical song that has been viewed several million at work. With a total worth of more than 97 billion USD in 2006 [14], the Internet porn industry yields

Kruegel, Christopher

103

Effective Supply Chain Management Strategy for Food Products: An Insight to Linked Partnerships  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper explores and extends the supply chain management strategy for food products effectively and efficiently through analysis of insights to linked partnerships within the supply chain due to the possibility of a global food crisis. The required ... Keywords: Food Crisis Resolution, Logistics Management, Strategic Partnership, Supply Chain Management Strategy, Supply Chain Strategy, Supply Chain for Agricultural Products

Witaya Krajaysri

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Turtle phylogeny: insights from a novel nuclear intron Matthew K. Fujita,a,1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

selection, and lineage sorting often require additional nuclear data to test mitochon- drial DNA (mtTurtle phylogeny: insights from a novel nuclear intron Matthew K. Fujita,a,1 Tag N. Engstrom,b,2. However, no primers exist for a nuclear intron that amplifies across all turtles. Available data from

Grether, Gregory

105

Voices of Experience: New Guide Offers Utilities Insights on Engaging with Smart Grid Customers  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Voices of Experience | Insights on Smart Grid Customer Engagement guide builds on the knowledge shared during a series of DOE-sponsored regional peer-to-peer workshops during which utilities discussed compelling smart grid topics and issues. The guide offers practical advice and lessons learned, and showcases creative, high-impact approaches.

106

THE EFFECTS OF FAULT-INDUCED STRESS ANISOTROPY ON FRACTURING, FOLDING AND SILL EMPLACEMENT: INSIGHTS FROM THE BOWIE COAL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: INSIGHTS FROM THE BOWIE COAL MINES, SOUTHERN PICEANCE BASIN, WESTERN COLORADO by Eric D. Robeck A thesis-INDUCED STRESS ANISOTROPY ON FRACTURING, FOLDING AND SILL EMPLACEMENT: INSIGHTS FROM THE BOWIE COAL MINES. The Bowie underground coal mines of western Colorado expose a reverse-reactivated growth fault

Seamons, Kent E.

107

Management Insights  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Social Contagion and Information Technology Diffusion: The Adoption of Electronic Medical Records in U.S. Hospitals (p. 1219) Corey M. Angst, Ritu Agarwal, V. ...

Michael F. Gorman

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

MMCR Spectra-based Hydrometeor Phase Classifier: Evaluation & New Insights  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

MMCR Spectra-based Hydrometeor Phase Classifier: Evaluation & New Insights MMCR Spectra-based Hydrometeor Phase Classifier: Evaluation & New Insights Edward Luke 1 , Pavlos Kollias 1 , Matthew Shupe 2 1. Brookhaven National Laboratory 2. CIRES/NOAA/ETL Predicting HSRL depolarization with MMCR classifier Actual Depolarization Predicted Depolarization How accurately can combined HSRL, MMCR, MWR, and radiosonde generate the "golden" phase retrievals needed to train an MMCR-only classifier? For further discussion see Shupe, 2007. How well can the MMCR-only classifier predict the phase of "golden" retrievals it has not been trained on? We focus here on this second question. KEY EVALUATION QUESTIONS Classifier Sensitivity to Certain Input Parameters Probability Distributions of Certain Input Parameters Probability of Correct Phase Classification

109

Mobilizing Public Markets to Finance Renewable Energy Projects: Insights from Expert Stakeholders  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mobilizing Public Markets to Mobilizing Public Markets to Finance Renewable Energy Projects: Insights from Expert Stakeholders Paul Schwabe and Michael Mendelsohn National Renewable Energy Laboratory Felix Mormann Steyer-Taylor Center for Energy Policy and Finance Stanford University Douglas J. Arent Joint Institute for Strategic Energy Analysis Technical Report NREL/TP-6A20-55021 June 2012 NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. National Renewable Energy Laboratory 15013 Denver West Parkway Golden, Colorado 80401 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308 Mobilizing Public Markets to Finance Renewable Energy Projects: Insights from Expert

110

Insights On The Thermal History Of The Valles Caldera, New Mexico- Evidence  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Insights On The Thermal History Of The Valles Caldera, New Mexico- Evidence From Zircon Fission-Track Analysis Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Insights On The Thermal History Of The Valles Caldera, New Mexico- Evidence From Zircon Fission-Track Analysis Details Activities (2) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: The zircon fission-track dating method was applied to the VC-2B core obtained from the active hydrothermal system at Sulphur Springs, Valles caldera, New Mexico. Four samples were analyzed to obtain both zircon ages and track length data from Permian strata to Precambrian quartz

111

Section 1603 Treasury Grant Expiration: Industry Insight on Financing and Market Implications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

§1603 Treasury Grant §1603 Treasury Grant Expiration: Industry Insight on Financing and Market Implications Michael Mendelsohn National Renewable Energy Laboratory John Harper Birch Tree Capital, LLC Technical Report NREL/TP-6A20-53720 June 2012 NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. National Renewable Energy Laboratory 15013 Denver West Parkway Golden, Colorado 80401 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308 §1603 Treasury Grant Expiration: Industry Insight on Financing and Market Implications Michael Mendelsohn National Renewable Energy Laboratory John Harper Birch Tree Capital, LLC

112

Insights into Industrial Energy Auditing from the EADC Program: An Academic Perspective  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy auditing as a tool for energy conservation is discussed using insights gained from data gathered from the DOE EADC program over a ten year period. Details about the contents of the database, procedures for it access and sample "products" are presented. It is shown that careful analysis of the data can provide answers to difficult questions which support general notions in some cases and differ significantly in others.

Muller, M. R.; Polomski, P. P.

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Cross-sector policy research: insights from the UK energy and transport sectors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-Cross-Sector Policy Research: Insights from the UK energy and transport sectors Stephen Robert Peake Darwin College, Cambridge UNIVERSITY I ltBRARY J CAMBRIDGE A dissertation submitted to the University of Cambridge for the Degree of Doctor... which led to the subsequent development of a more explicit structural analogy between the two sectors. Chapter 4 reflects the exploratory analysis which resulted in the identification of three specific comparative themes which are .J' developed...

Peake, Stephen Robert

1993-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

114

valuation des dimensions cognitives de l'insight auprs d'individus souffrant d'un trouble obsessionnel-compulsif.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Il est convenu que l'individu souffre d'un trouble obsessionnel-compulsif (TOC) avec faible insight lorsqu'il ne reconnat pas, un moment durant l'volution de son trouble, (more)

Grenier, Sbastien

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Prioritizing asbestos removal from various facilities using the insight II+ expert system. Research paper  

SciTech Connect

Use of the INSIGHT II+ expert system in conjunction with the Priasbes knowledge base is recommended for use by facility managers or owners faced with a few or many locations of asbestos-containing material (ACM) throughout their facilities. The Priasbes knowledge base will recommend control measures to be taken for each location of ACM and will also assign a criticality index to the ACM location. This criticality index can then be compared with that of other ACM locations to prioritize the criticality of these locations to determine which locations should be controlled first.

Disher, S.L.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

The Structure of Ions near Carbon Nanotubes: New Insights into Carbon  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The Structure of Ions near Carbon Nanotubes: New Insights into The Structure of Ions near Carbon Nanotubes: New Insights into Carbon Surface Chemistry and Implications for Water Purification Carbon-based materials have long been used for a variety of water purification operations. Researchers have investigated carbon materials as adsorbents for decades, but only limited information on the precise details of aqueous ion interactions with carbon surfaces has been uncovered. It is empirically known that the affinity of activated carbon for various hydrated ions depends critically on how the material is processed. Processing influences the types of chemical groups and the structure of the carbon surface, which in turn influences the strength of interaction between hydrated ions and the carbon surface. It is also believed that many of the puzzling properties of impurity-free carbon, such as ferromagnetism, are governed by specific modifications of the carbon surface. However, very little is known about the local structure of the carbon surface that is responsible for its aqueous ion affinity.

117

Structural Insight into the Regulation of the SNARE Assembly by the Cell  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Insight into the Regulation of Insight into the Regulation of the SNARE Assembly by the Cell Polarity Protein Sro7 The cells that comprise many tissues are polarized, meaning that they have distinct 'sides' with different membrane identities. For example, in the cells that line the intestine, the membrane that faces the space in the gut has special proteins responsible for uptake of nutrients, whereas the sides that contact neighboring cells have different proteins on their surfaces. Cell polarity is fundamental to many aspects of cell and developmental biology and it is implicated in differentiation, proliferation and morphogenesis in both unicellular and multi-cellular organisms. Loss of cell polarity can lead to uncontrolled tissue growth and cancers. To generate and maintain this polarized structure, specific proteins and lipids must be delivered to particular locations on the cell membrane. This process involves active transport of membrane-enclosed vesicles containing specific cargo to a target site, where the vesicle and target membranes then fuse to deliver the cargo. Soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor activating protein receptor (SNARE) proteins in the vesicle membrane and target membrane form a complex that mediates membrane fusion. The process by which SNARE-mediated membrane fusion is coordinated with the machinery that transports the vesicle to the correct location is poorly understood.

118

Development of Sulfur and Carbon Tolerant Reforming Alloy Catalysts Aided by Fundamental Atomistics Insights  

SciTech Connect

Current hydrocarbon reforming catalysts suffer from rapid carbon and sulfur poisoning. Even though there is a tremendous incentive to develop more efficient catalysts, these materials are currently formulated using inefficient trial and error experimental approaches. We have utilized a novel hybrid experimental/theoretical approach, combining quantum Density Functional Theory (DFT) calculations and various state-of-the-art experimental tools, to formulate carbon tolerant reforming catalysts. We have employed DFT calculations to develop molecular insights into the elementary chemical transformations that lead to carbon poisoning of Ni catalysts. Based on the obtained molecular insights, we have identified, using DFT quantum calculation, Sn/Ni alloy as a potential carbon tolerant reforming catalyst. Sn/Ni alloy was synthesized and tested in steam reforming of methane, propane, and isooctane. We demonstrated that the alloy catalyst is carbon-tolerant under nearly stoichiometric steam-to-carbon ratios. Under these conditions, monometallic Ni is rapidly poisoned by sp2 carbon deposits. The research approach is distinguished by a few characteristics: (a) Knowledge-based, bottom-up approach, compared to the traditional trial and error approach, allows for a more efficient and systematic discovery of improved catalysts. (b) The focus is on exploring alloy materials which have been largely unexplored as potential reforming catalysts.

Suljo Linic

2006-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

119

Development of Sulfur and Carbon Tolerant Reforming Alloy Catalysts Aided Fundamental Atomistic Insights  

SciTech Connect

Current hydrocarbon reforming catalysts suffer from rapid carbon and sulfur poisoning. Even though there is a tremendous incentive to develop more efficient catalysts, these materials are currently formulated using inefficient trial and error experimental approaches. We have utilized a hybrid experimental/theoretical approach, combining quantum Density Functional Theory (DFT) calculations and various state-of-the-art experimental tools, to formulate carbon tolerant reforming catalysts. We have employed DFT calculations to develop molecular insights into the elementary chemical transformations that lead to carbon poisoning of Ni catalysts. Based on the obtained molecular insights, we have identified, using DFT quantum calculation, various Ni alloy catalysts as potential carbon tolerant reforming catalysts. The alloy catalysts were synthesized and tested in steam reforming and partial oxidation of methane, propane, and isooctane. We demonstrated that the alloy catalysts are much more carbon-tolerant than monometallic Ni catalysts under nearly stoichiometric steam-to-carbon ratios. Under these conditions, monometallic Ni is rapidly poisoned by sp2 carbon deposits. The research approach is distinguished by two characteristics: (a) knowledge-based, bottomup approach, compared to the traditional trial and error approach, allows for a more efficient and systematic discovery of improved catalysts. (b) the focus is on exploring alloy materials which have been largely unexplored as potential reforming catalysts.

Suljo Linic

2008-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

120

Achieving Demand-Side Synergy from Strategic Diversification: How Combining Mundane Assets Can Leverage Consumer Utilities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We explore the overlooked issue of how certain strategic-level, interindustry diversification options might increase consumer utility. Discussions of inter-industry diversification typically focus on producer synergies obtainable from economies ... Keywords: consumer utility, entrepreneurship, firm performance, interindustry diversification, one-stop shopping, strategic management, two-sided markets

Guangliang Ye; Richard L. Priem; Abdullah A. Alshwer

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "insight inforum interindustry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Mobilizing Public Markets to Finance Renewable Energy Projects: Insights from Expert Stakeholders  

SciTech Connect

Financing renewable energy projects in the United States can be a complex process. Most equity investment in new renewable power production facilities is supported by tax credits and accelerated depreciation benefits, and is constrained by the pool of potential investors that can fully use these tax benefits and are willing to engage in complex financial structures. For debt financing, non-government lending has largely been provided by foreign banks that may be under future lending constraints due to economic and regulatory conditions. To discuss renewable energy financing challenges and to identify new sources of capital to the U.S. market, two roundtable discussions were held with renewable energy and financing experts in April 2012. This report summarizes the key messages of those discussions and is designed to provide insights to the U.S. market and inform the international conversation on renewable energy financing innovations.

Schwabe, P.; Mendelsohn, M.; Mormann, F.; Arent, D. J.

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

NETL: News Release - Computer Program Provides Insight into "Fire Ice"  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

April 13, 2006 April 13, 2006 Computer Program Provides Insight Into "Fire Ice" Model Used by Researchers Evaluates Production Potential of Methane Hydrates WASHINGTON, DC - An innovative simulation program developed with funding from the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is helping identify future energy supplies. The first publicly available simulator of its kind, the TOUGH-Fx/Hydrate program is helping researchers and industry partners better understand an emerging natural gas resource: methane hydrates. MORE INFO TOUGH-Fx/Hydrate Project As U.S. demand for natural gas continues to rise, so does our dependence on foreign imports and our need for alternative energy resources. Early studies have shown researchers that methane hydrates-frozen compounds of flammable methane gas trapped inside water molecules-could be the fuel of

123

Development of Integrated Motor Assist Hybrid System: Development of the 'Insight', a Personal Hybrid Coupe  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper presents the technical approach used to design and develop the powerplant for the Honda Insight, a new motor assist hybrid vehicle with an overall development objective of just half the fuel consumption of the current Civic over a wide range of driving conditions. Fuel consumption of 35km/L (Japanese 10-15 mode), and 3.4L/100km (98/69/EC) was realized. To achieve this, a new Integrated Motor Assist (IMA) hybrid power plant system was developed, incorporating many new technologies for packaging and integrating the motor assist system and for improving engine thermal efficiency. This was developed in combination with a new lightweight aluminum body with low aerodynamic resistance. Environmental performance goals also included the simultaneous achievement of low emissions (half the Japanese year 2000 standards, and half the EU2000 standards), high efficiency, and recyclability. Full consideration was also given to key consumer attributes, including crash safety performance, handling, and driving performance.

Kaoru Aoki; Shigetaka Kuroda; Shigemasa Kajiwara; Hiromitsu Sato; Yoshio Yamamoto

2000-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

124

2010 Honda Insight VIN 0141 Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Test Results  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity Program consists of vehicle, battery, and infrastructure testing on advanced technology related to transportation. The activity includes tests on hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), including testing the HEV batteries when both the vehicles and batteries are new and at the conclusion of 160,000 miles of on road fleet testing. This report documents battery testing performed for the 2010 Honda Insight HEV (VIN: JHMZE2H78AS010141). Battery testing was performed by the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation dba ECOtality North America. The Idaho National Laboratory and ECOtality North America collaborate on the Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity for the Vehicle Technologies Program of the U.S. Department of Energy.

Tyler Gray

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

2010 Honda Insight VIN 1748 Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Test Results  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity Program consists of vehicle, battery, and infrastructure testing on advanced technology related to transportation. The activity includes tests on hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), including testing the HEV batteries when both the vehicles and batteries are new and at the conclusion of 160,000 miles of on road fleet testing. This report documents battery testing performed for the 2010 Honda Insight HEV (VIN: JHMZE2H59AS011748). Battery testing was performed by the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation dba ECOtality North America. The Idaho National Laboratory and ECOtality North America collaborate on the Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity for the Vehicle Technologies Program of the U.S. Department of Energy.

Tyler Gray; Matthew Shirk

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Hydration, Swelling, Interlayer Structure, and Hydrogen Bonding in Organolayered Double Hydroxides: Insights from Molecular Dynamics Simulation of Citrate-Intercalated  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

citrate, C6H5O7 3- , as the charge balancing interlayer anion provides new molecular scale insight hydration levels, in contrast to the preferred low hydration states of most LDHs intercalated with small. Introduction Layered double hydroxides (LDHs), also known as hydro- talcite-like compounds, form an important

Kalinichev, Andrey G.

127

Battery Usage and Thermal Performance of the Toyota Prius and Honda Insight for Various Chassis Dynamometer Test Procedures: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This study describes the results from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's (NREL) chassis dynamometer testing of a 2000 model year Honda Insight and 2001 model year Toyota Prius. The tests were conducted for the purpose of evaluating the battery thermal performance, assessing the impact of air conditioning on fuel economy and emissions, and providing information for NREL's Advanced Vehicle Simulator (ADVISOR).

Kelly, K. J.; Mihalic, M.; Zolot, M.

2001-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

128

Wind of change: new insights on the ecology and evolution of pollination and mating in wind-pollinated plants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

REVIEW Wind of change: new insights on the ecology and evolution of pollination and mating in wind- pollinated plants. At least 10 % of angiosperms are wind pollinated, and this mode of pollination has evolved. Here, the evolution and functional ecology of pollination and mating in wind-pollinated plants

Barrett, Spencer C.H.

129

One-Dimensional Barrier-Preserving Free-Energy Projections of a -sheet Miniprotein: New Insights into the Folding Process  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

One-Dimensional Barrier-Preserving Free-Energy Projections of a -sheet Miniprotein: New Insights simulations for a total of 20 µs. The resulting one-dimensional free-energy profiles (FEPs) provide a detailed description of the free-energy basins and barriers for the folding reaction. The similarity of the FEPs

Caflisch, Amedeo

130

Firm Size and Industry Structure Under Human Capital Intensity: Insights from the Evolution of the Global Advertising Industry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Although existing literature assumes that the human capital intensity of professional services leads to small and flimsy firms, several professional services feature large, long-lived firms. To develop insights about firm size and industry structure ... Keywords: advertising agencies, financial intermediation, human capital, industry evolution, industry structure, professional services, vertical differentiation

Andrew von Nordenflycht

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Section 1603 Treasury Grant Expiration: Industry Insight on Financing and Market Implications  

SciTech Connect

In the wake of the 2008-2009 financial crises, tax equity investors largely withdrew from the market, resulting in stagnation of project development. In response, Congress established the Treasury grant program pursuant to Section 1603 of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (..Section..1603 Program) to offer a cash payment in lieu of a production and investment tax credit. This study addresses the likely project financing and market impacts from the expiration of the ..Section..1603 Program. The authors assembled an array of insights offered by financial executives active in the renewable energy (RE) market during conference panel discussions and in presentations, direct interviews, and email correspondences. This analysis found that the ..Section..1603 Program alleviated the need to monetize the tax credit incentives through specialized investors, helped lower the transaction and financing costs associated with renewable electricity projects, and generally supported an extensive build-out of renewable power generation capacity. With the expiration of the ..Section..1603 Program, smaller or less-established renewable power developers will have more difficulty attracting needed financial capital and completing their projects, development of projects relying on newer or 'innovative' technologies will likely slow as traditional tax equity investors are known to be highly averse to technology risk in the projects they fund, and, finally, projects relying on tax equity may be more expensive to develop due to higher transaction costs and potentially higher yields required to attract tax equity.

Mendelsohn, M.; Harper, J.

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Insights From Laboratory Experiments On Simulated Faults With Application To Fracture Evolution In Geothermal Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Laboratory experiments provide a wealth of information related to mechanics of fracture initiation, fracture propagation processes, factors influencing fault strength, and spatio-temporal evolution of fracture properties. Much of the existing literature reports on laboratory studies involving a coupling of thermal, hydraulic, mechanical, and/or chemical processes. As these processes operate within subsurface environments exploited for their energy resource, laboratory results provide insights into factors influencing the mechanical and hydraulic properties of geothermal systems. I report on laboratory observations of strength and fluid transport properties during deformation of simulated faults. The results show systematic trends that vary with stress state, deformation rate, thermal conditions, fluid content, and rock composition. When related to geophysical and geologic measurements obtained from engineered geothermal systems (e.g. microseismicity, wellbore studies, tracer analysis), laboratory results provide a means by which the evolving thermal reservoir can be interpreted in terms of physico-chemical processes. For example, estimates of energy release and microearthquake locations from seismic moment tensor analysis can be related to strength variations observed from friction experiments. Such correlations between laboratory and field data allow for better interpretations about the evolving mechanical and fluid transport properties in the geothermal reservoir ultimately leading to improvements in managing the resource.

Stephen L. Karner, Ph.D

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

An Insight into the Pharmacophores of Phosphodiesterase-5 Inhibitors from Synthetic and Crystal Structural Studies  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Selective inhibitors of cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE5) have been used as drugs for treatment of male erectile dysfunction and pulmonary hypertension. An insight into the pharmacophores of PDE5 inhibitors is essential for development of second generation of PDE5 inhibitors, but has not been completely illustrated. Here we report the synthesis of a new class of the sildenafil derivatives and a crystal structure of the PDE5 catalytic domain in complex with 5-(2-ethoxy-5-(sulfamoyl)-3-thienyl)-1-methyl-3-propyl-1, 6-dihydro-7H-pyrazolo[4, 3-d]pyrimidin-7-one (12). Inhibitor 12 induces conformational change of the H-loop (residues 660-683), which is different from any of the known PDE5 structures. The pyrazolopyrimidinone groups of 12 and sildenafil are well superimposed, but their sulfonamide groups show a positional difference of as much as 1.5 Angstroms . The structure-activity analysis suggests that a small hydrophobic pocket and the H-loop of PDE5 are important for the inhibitor affinity, in addition to two common elements for binding of almost all the PDE inhibitors: the stack against the phenylalanine and the hydrogen bond with the invariant glutamine. However, the PDE5-12 structure does not provide a full explanation to affinity changes of the inhibitors. Thus alternatives such as conformational change of the M-loop are open and further structural study is required.

Chen,G.; Wang, H.; Robinson, H.; Cai, J.; Wan, Y.; Ke, H.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

SUBJECT: Insights and Implications of Steam Generator Operating, Inspecting and Maintenance Experience  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The steam generator tube failure event at Indian Point Unit 2 and the potential issues surrounding the in-situ pressure testing of selected tubes and test specimens at Arkansas Nuclear One Unit 2, prompted industry to evaluate its generic steam generator guidelines, plant experiences, and insights gained from the periodic steam generator program review visits conducted by the Institute of Nuclear Power Operations (INPO). The purpose of this letter is to share with the NRC staff the industry conclusions and actions taken. As the NRC staff is well aware, the operation, inspection, and maintenance of steam generators are a high industry priority. Given the critical role of the steam generator in providing safe, reliable, and economic power production, steam generator performance has received broad industry attention for years. Generic industry activities, managed by EPRI, have been underway continuously since 1978. NRC staff is familiar with those efforts based on past briefings on the activities of the EPRI Steam Generator Management Program (SGMP) and attendance at selected SGMP workshops. More recently, other industry support organizations, such as NEI, INPO, and NSSS Owners Groups, have played important roles as well. Industry data indicates continual improvement in steam generator performance since the initiation of these efforts.

David J. Modeen; Dr. Brian; W. Sheron

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Electric Dipole Polarizability in ${}^{208}$Pb: insights from the Droplet Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the electric dipole polarizability $\\alpha_D$ in ${}^{208}$Pb based on the predictions of a large and representative set of relativistic and non-relativistic nuclear mean field models. We adopt the droplet model as a guide to better understand the correlations between $\\alpha_D$ and other isovector observables. Insights from the droplet model suggest that the product of $\\alpha_D$ and the nuclear symmetry energy at saturation density $J$ is much better correlated with the neutron skin thickness $\\Delta r_{np}$ of ${}^{208}$Pb than the polarizability alone. Correlations of $\\alpha_D J$ with $\\Delta r_{np}$ and with the symmetry energy slope parameter $L$ suggest that $\\alpha_D J$ is a strong isovector indicator. Hence, we explore the possibility of constraining the isovector sector of thenuclear energy density functional by comparing our theoretical predictions against measurements of both $\\alpha_D$ and the parity-violating asymmetry in ${}^{208}$Pb. We find that the recent experimental determination of $\\alpha_D$ in ${}^{208}$Pb in combination with the range for the symmetry energy at saturation density $J=[31\\pm (2)_{\\rm est.}]$\\,MeV suggests $\\Delta r_{np}({}^{208}{\\rm Pb}) = 0.165 \\pm (0.009)_{\\rm exp.} \\pm (0.013)_{\\rm theo.} \\pm (0.021)_{\\rm est.} {\\rm fm}$ and $L= 43 \\pm(6)_{\\rm exp.} \\pm (8)_{\\rm theo.}\\pm(12)_{\\rm est.}$ MeV.

X. Roca-Maza; M. Centelles; X. Vias; M. Brenna; G. Col; B. K. Agrawal; N. Paar; J. Piekarewicz; D. Vretenar

2013-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

136

Annual Energy Outlook 2012  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

case Other projections (million short tons) (quadrillion Btu) EVA a IHSGI INFORUM IEA b Exxon- Mobil c BP b (million short tons) (quadrillion Btu) 2015 Production 1,084 993 20.24...

137

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - Sector  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Monthly and yearly energy forecasts, analysis of energy topics, ... IEA (Current Policies Scenario)--107.60--135.70--145.00----INFORUM--111.26--136.77--149.55----IHSGI:

138

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - Sector  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

data were converted at 8.162674 barrels per metric ton. One metric ton equals 1,000 kilograms. bFor INFORUM, liquids demand data were converted from quadrillion Btus to barrels...

139

Hybrid Electric Vehicle End-of-life Testing on Honda Insights, Honda Gen I Civics, and Toyota Gen I Priuses  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

262 262 U.S. Department of Energy FreedomCAR & Vehicle Technologies Program Hybrid Electric Vehicle End-of-Life Testing On Honda Insights, Honda Gen I Civics and Toyota Gen I Priuses TECHNICAL REPORT James Francfort Donald Karner Ryan Harkins Joseph Tardiolo February 2006 Idaho National Laboratory Operated by Battelle Energy Alliance INL/EXT-06-01262 U.S. Department of Energy FreedomCAR & Vehicle Technologies Program Hybrid Electric Vehicle End-of-Life Testing On Honda Insights, Honda Gen I Civics and Toyota Gen I Priuses James Francfort i Donald Karner and Ryan Harkins ii Joseph Tardiolo iii February 2006 Idaho National Laboratory Transportation Technology Department Idaho Falls, Idaho 83415 Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy

140

The nature of fire-cracked rock: new insights from ethnoarchaeological and laboratory experiments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fire-cracked rock (FCR) is the archaeological by-product of the systemic use of hot rocks for cooking and heating purposes. As a record of various cooking and heating facilities, FCR has substantial potential for addressing research questions on past settlement and subsistence systems. To be able to address these questions requires reliable methods that can identify or infer how a given FCR was used. A series of ethnoarchaeological replication experiments are conducted in order to improve the understanding of the geothennodynamics of FCR production. FCR from two experimental data sets are cut to expose flat surfaces that are inspected for thermal-weathering characteristics under low-power magnification. Analytical results indicate that rock structure and the length of heat application have the most control over thermal weathering. The five most important rock structure characteristics are (1) strength of the bond between grains/crystals, (2) degree of porosity, (3) grain/crystal mineralogy, (4) presence of discontinuities, and (5) grain size; thin section analysis can identify these characteristics for any rock sample. The length of heat application varies dependent on the type of cooking or heating facility, for instance, a typical earth oven remains hot for a longer duration than a typical stone-boil facility; multiple uses of a rock in a facility also increases the sum total of heat application. In broad terms, experimental tests indicate igneous rock types withstand thermal weathering better than metamorphic or sedimentary rock types. Ethnoarchaeological results are applied to six archaeological FCR features, and provide new insights on the use-history of five of the features. Microscopic observations of archaeological FCR also all for the re-evaluation of the current model which explains the occurrence of various FCR shape types within features.

Jackson, Michael A

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "insight inforum interindustry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Insights into proton-coupled electron transfer mechanisms of electrocatalytic H2 oxidation and production  

SciTech Connect

The design of molecular electrocatalysts for H2 oxidation and production is important for the development of alternative renewable energy sources that are abundant, inexpensive, and environmentally benign. Recently nickel-based molecular electrocatalysts with pendant amines that act as proton relays for the nickel center were shown to effectively catalyze H2 oxidation and production. We developed a quantum mechanical approach for studying proton-coupled electron transfer processes in these types of molecular electrocatalysts. This theoretical approach is applied to a nickel-based catalyst in which phosphorous atoms are directly bonded to the nickel center and nitrogen atoms of the ligand rings act as proton relays. The cataly c step of interest involves electron transfer between the nickel complex and the electrode as well as intramolecular proton transfer between the nickel and nitrogen atoms. This process can occur sequentially, with either the electron or proton transferring first, or concertedly, with the electron and proton transferring simultaneously without a stable intermediate. The heterogeneous rate constants are calculated as functions of overpotential for the concerted electron-proton transfer reaction and the two electron transfer reactions in the sequential mechanisms. Our calculations illustrate that the concerted electron-proton transfer standard rate constant will increase as the equilibrium distance between the nickel and nitrogen atoms decreases and as the nitrogen atoms become more mobile to facilitate the contraction of this distance. This approach assists in the identification of the favored mechanisms under various experimental conditions and provides insight into the qualitative impact of substituents on the nitrogen and phosphorous atoms. This research was supported as part of the Center for Molecular Electrocatalysis, an Energy Frontier Research Center funded by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, under FWP 56073.

Horvath, Samantha; Fernandez, Laura; Soudackov, Alexander V.; Hammes-Schiffer, Sharon

2012-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

142

Insights on Psittacine Nutrition through the Study of Free-living Chicks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Psittacidae is one of the most endangered families of birds in the world. Knowledge of its nutrition is important for understanding their survival and productivity in the wild, as well as for their adequate husbandry in captivity. Hand-rearing is a common practice for this group. However, research on their requirements is limited. Analysis of the crop content of chicks can provide new insights into psittacine nutrition, but it is limited by the small sizes of samples which can be obtained. We sampled the crops from free-living chicks of scarlet macaws and red-and-green macaws from southeastern Peru, Cuban parrots from the Bahamas, lilac-crowned parrots from northwestern Mexico, and thick-billed parrots from northern Mexico. The predicted metabolizable energy, protein, fat, minerals, profile of essential amino acids and profile of fatty acids of the crop samples, as well as from 15 commercial hand-rearing formulas, were analyzed and contrasted. Near Infrared Spectroscopy was shown to be a valid technique for the nondestructive, low cost prediction of a variety of nutritional attributes of crop samples as small as 0.5 g dry weight, expanding the possibilities of wild animal nutrition research. The diets of the five studied species presented remarkable similarities and common patterns. The predicted dietary metabolizable energy and fat concentrations were particularly similar among species, the thick-billed parrot being the one with the most unique nutrient profile. The fatty acid profile of the crop contents differed markedly among genera, with the thick-billed parrot closer to the macaws than to the parrots. In comparison with the crop samples, the hand feeding formulas presented lower fat, Mg, arginine, and valine concentrations. The wide variation in nutrients suggests that there is not yet a consensus among manufacturers concerning the correct nutrition for growing psittacines. It is suggested that a single formulation could be used to hand-rear macaws and parrots from half its nesting time to fledging, and further research should focus on their nutrition during the first half. Our results suggest that manufacturers should evaluate if increasing the concentrations of crude fat, Mg, arginine, and valine in commercial formulas enhances psittacine chick growth and health.

Cornejo, Juan

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Efficient and Reliable Reactive Power Supply and Consumption … Insights from an Integrated Program of Engineering and Economic Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

82 82 Efficient and Reliable Reactive Power Supply and Consumption - Insights from an Integrated Program of Engineering and Economic Research Robert J. Thomas, Timothy D. Mount, Richard Schuler, William Schulze, Ray Zimmerman, Fernando Alvarado, Bernard C. Lesieutre, Philip N. Overholt, and Joseph H. Eto Preprint version of paper Electricity Journal Energy Analysis Department Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory 1 Cyclotron Road, MS 90R4000 Berkeley CA 94720-8136 Environmental Energy Technologies Division January 2008 http://eetd.lbl.gov/ea/EMS/EMS_pubs.html The work described in this report was coordinated by the Consortium for Electric Reliability, Technology Solutions and was funded under the Office of Electricity

144

Basic Science Simulations Provide New Insights to Aid Hydrogen Gas Turbine Development (Fact Sheet), NREL Highlights, Science  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Massive first-principles simulation provides insight into flame anchoring in a hydrogen-rich jet in cross-flow. When gas turbine designers want to use gasified biomass for stationary power generation, they are faced with a challenge: bio-derived syngas typically contains significant amounts of hydrogen, which is far more reactive than the methane that is the traditional gas turbine fuel. This reactivity leads to a safety design issue, because with hydrogen-rich fuels a flame may anchor in the fuel injection section of the combustor instead of the downstream design point. In collaboration with Jacqueline Chen of Sandia National Laboratories and Andrea Gruber of SINTEF, a Norwegian energy think tank, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is carrying out fundamental simulations to provide new insight into the physics of flame anchoring in canonical 'jet in cross-flow' configurations using hydrogen-rich fuels. To deal with the large amount and complexity of the data, the combustion scientists also teamed up with computer scientists from across the U.S. Department of Energy's laboratories to develop novel ways to analyze the data. These simulations have shown that fine-scale turbulence structures formed at the jet boundary provide particularly intense mixing between the fuel and air, which then enters a quiescent region formed downstream of the jet in a separate, larger turbulent structure. This insight explains the effect that reducing the wall-normal velocity of the fuel jet causes the flame to blow off; with the aid of the simulation, we now understand this counterintuitive result because reducing the wall-normal velocity would reduce the intensity of the mixing as well as move the quiescent region farther downstream. NREL and its research partners are conducting simulations that provide new insight into the physics of flame anchoring in canonical 'jet in cross-flow' configurations using hydrogen-rich fuels. Simulation results explain the mechanism behind flame blow-off occurring when a component in the cross-flow direction is progressively added to the jet velocity vector, thereby reducing the relative impact of its wall-normal velocity component. Understanding the mechanism for flame anchoring aids the design of fuel injection nozzles that meet safety requirements when using hydrogen-rich fuels.

Not Available

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

A Critical Examination of the Adaptive Response for Cytogenetic Damagein Human Cells, and Insights into the Adaptive Response Mechanism  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Critical Examination of the Adaptive Response for Cytogenetic Damage Critical Examination of the Adaptive Response for Cytogenetic Damage in Human Cells, and Insights into the Adaptive Response Mechanism Björn E. Rydberg, Torsten Groesser, Antoine Snijders, Kelly Trego, Ju Han, Do Yup Lee, Bahram Parvin, Trent Northen, Andrew J. Wyrobek, and Priscilla K. Cooper Berkeley Lab SFA P.I.: Gary Karpen Life Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720 Goal: Task 1 of the Berkeley Lab SFA is designed to identify adaptive response (AR) mechanisms that may affect risk of developing radiation-induced cancer and to assess the linearity with dose of processes that influence mammary gland carcinogenesis. We use both in vitro and in vivo experimental systems in a parallelogram strategy. Our human cell culture

146

The synthesis and origin of the pectic polysaccharide rhamnogalacturonan II … insights from nucleotide sugar formation and diversity  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ARTICLE ARTICLE published: 11 May 2012 doi: 10.3389/fpls.2012.00092 The synthesis and origin of the pectic polysaccharide rhamnogalacturonan II - insights from nucleotide sugar formation and diversity Maor Bar-Peled 1 *, Breeanna R. Urbanowicz 2 and Malcolm A. O'Neill 2 1 Department of Plant Biology, Complex Carbohydrate Research, The University of Georgia, Athens, GA, USA 2 Complex Carbohydrate Research Center, The University of Georgia, Athens, GA, USA Edited by: Seth DeBolt, University of Kentucky, USA Reviewed by: Henrik Scheller, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, USA Jesper Harholt, University of Copenhagen, Denmark *Correspondence: Maor Bar-Peled , Department of Plant Biology, Complex Carbohydrate Research Center, University of Georgia, 315 Riverbend Road, Athens, GA 30602, USA. e-mail: peled@ccrc.uga.edu There is compelling evidence showing that the structurally

147

Efficient and Reliable Reactive Power Supply and Consumption --Insights from an Integrated Program of Engineering and EconomicResearch  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In 2005, the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) began discussing regulatory policy for reactive-power procurement and pricing in competitive electricity markets. This paper summarizes findings from a unique, interdisciplinary program of public-interest research that lays a formal foundation for evaluating aspects of FERC staff recommendations and offers early insights that should be useful in guiding policy implementation, specifically by: (1) clarifying the consumers and economic characteristics of reactive power as a basis for creating incentives to appropriately price it, (2) defining specific challenges in creating a competitive market for reactive power as well as new tools needed to help ensure such a market functions efficiently, and (3) demonstrating the importance of accounting for the physical characteristics of the transmission network in planning for reactive power and avoiding the exercise of market power by suppliers.

Thomas, Robert J.; Mount, Timothy D.; Schuler, Richard; Schulze,William; Zimmerman, Ray; Alvarado, Fernando; Lesieutre, Bernard C.; Overholt, Philip N.; Eto, Joseph H.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Galbraith and the Management of Specific Demand: Evidence from the tobacco industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Advertising and Inter-Industry Competition: Testing afaced by the tobacco industry, the chorus of advertisementsthe experience of the tobacco industry as isolated and

Anderson, Stacey J; Dunn, Steve

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Annual Energy Outlook 2009: With Projections to 2030  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Interindustry Forecasting Project at the University of Maryland IRP Integrated resource plan IRR Internal rate of return ITC Investment tax credit LCFS Low Carbon Fuel Standard...

150

An updated astronomical timescale for the Plio-Pleistocene deposits from South China Sea and new insights into Asian monsoon evolution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

insights into Asian monsoon evolution Hong Ao a,b,*, Mark J. Dekkers c , Li Qin d , Guoqiao Xiao e a State Asian monsoon Pliocene Pleistocene a b s t r a c t Here we present an improved astronomical timescale Asian summer monsoon record (hematite to goethite content ratio, Hm/Gt) and a parallel benthic d18 O

Utrecht, Universiteit

151

Insights into Structure and Stratigraphy of the Northern Gulf of Mexico from 2D Pre-Stack Depth Migration Imaging of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Insights into Structure and Stratigraphy of the Northern Gulf of Mexico from 2D Pre-Stack Depth water of the northwestern Gulf of Mexico and displays distinct, large-scale structural styles and salt established in the northern Gulf of Mexico that substantial deformation in the form of linked proxi- mal

Connors, Christopher D.

152

Hybrid Electric Vehicle End-Of-Life Testing On Honda Insights, Gen I Civics And Toyota Gen I Priuses  

SciTech Connect

This technical report details the end-of-life fuel efficiency and battery testing on two model year 2001 Honda Insight hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), two model year 2003 Honda Civic HEVs, and two model year 2002 Toyota Prius HEVs. The end-of-life testing was conducted after each vehicle has been operated for approximately 160,000 miles. This testing was conducted by the U.S. Department of Energys (DOE) Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA). The AVTA is part of DOEs FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies Program. SAE J1634 fuel efficiency testing was performed on the six HEVs with the air conditioning (AC) on and off. The AC on and off test results are compared to new vehicle AC on and off fuel efficiencies for each HEV model. The six HEVs were all end-of-life tested using new-vehicle coast down coefficients. In addition, one of each HEV model was also subjected to fuel efficiency testing using coast down coefficients obtained when the vehicles completed 160,000 miles of fleet testing. Traction battery pack capacity and power tests were also performed on all six HEVs during the end-of-life testing in accordance with the FreedomCAR Battery Test Manual For Power-Assist Hybrid Electric Vehicles procedures. When using the new-vehicle coast down coefficients (Phase I testing), 11 of 12 HEV tests (each HEV was tested once with the AC on and once with the AC off) had increases in fuel efficiencies compared to the new vehicle test results. The end-of-life fuel efficiency tests using the end-of-life coast down coefficients (Phase II testing) show decreases in fuel economies in five of six tests (three with the AC on and three with it off). All six HEVs experienced decreases in battery capacities, with the two Insights having the highest remaining capacities and the two Priuses having the lowest remaining capacities. The AVTAs end-of-life testing activities discussed in this report were conducted by the Idaho National Laboratory; the AVTA testing partner Electric Transportation Applications, and by Exponent Failure Analysis Associates.

James Francfort; Donald Karner; Ryan Harkins; Joseph Tardiolo

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Risk perception & strategic decision making :general insights, a framework, and specific application to electricity generation using nuclear energy.  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this report is to promote increased understanding of decision making processes and hopefully to enable improved decision making regarding high-consequence, highly sophisticated technological systems. This report brings together insights regarding risk perception and decision making across domains ranging from nuclear power technology safety, cognitive psychology, economics, science education, public policy, and neural science (to name a few). It forms them into a unique, coherent, concise framework, and list of strategies to aid in decision making. It is suggested that all decision makers, whether ordinary citizens, academics, or political leaders, ought to cultivate their abilities to separate the wheat from the chaff in these types of decision making instances. The wheat includes proper data sources and helpful human decision making heuristics; these should be sought. The chaff includes ''unhelpful biases'' that hinder proper interpretation of available data and lead people unwittingly toward inappropriate decision making ''strategies''; obviously, these should be avoided. It is further proposed that successfully accomplishing the wheat vs. chaff separation is very difficult, yet tenable. This report hopes to expose and facilitate navigation away from decision-making traps which often ensnare the unwary. Furthermore, it is emphasized that one's personal decision making biases can be examined, and tools can be provided allowing better means to generate, evaluate, and select among decision options. Many examples in this report are tailored to the energy domain (esp. nuclear power for electricity generation). The decision making framework and approach presented here are applicable to any high-consequence, highly sophisticated technological system.

Brewer, Jeffrey D.

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Multi-scale Detection of Organic and Inorganic Signatures Provides Insights into Gas Shale Properties and Evolution  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Organic geochemical analyses, including solvent extraction or pyrolysis, followed by gas chromatography and mass spectrometry, are generally conducted on bulk gas shale samples to evaluate their source and reservoir properties. While organic petrology has been directed at unravelling the matrix composition and textures of these economically important unconventional resources, their spatial variability in chemistry and structure is still poorly documented at the sub-micrometre scale. Here, a combination of techniques including transmission electron microscopy and a synchrotron-based microscopy tool, scanning transmission X-ray microscopy, have been used to characterize at a multiple length scale an overmature organic-rich calcareous mudstone from northern Germany. We document multi-scale chemical and mineralogical heterogeneities within the sample, from the millimetre down to the nanometre-scale. From the detection of different types of bitumen and authigenic minerals associated with the organic matter, we show that the multi-scale approach used in this study may provide new insights into gaseous hydrocarbon generation/retention processes occurring within gas shales and may shed new light on their thermal history.

Bernard, S.; Horsfield, B; Schultz, H; Schreiber, A; Wirth, R; Thi AnhVu, T; Perssen, F; Konitzer, S; Volk, H; et. al.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Cross-study and cross-omics comparisons of three nephrotoxic compounds reveal mechanistic insights and new candidate biomarkers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The European InnoMed-PredTox project was a collaborative effort between 15 pharmaceutical companies, 2 small and mid-sized enterprises, and 3 universities with the goal of delivering deeper insights into the molecular mechanisms of kidney and liver toxicity and to identify mechanism-linked diagnostic or prognostic safety biomarker candidates by combining conventional toxicological parameters with 'omics' data. Mechanistic toxicity studies with 16 different compounds, 2 dose levels, and 3 time points were performed in male Crl: WI(Han) rats. Three of the 16 investigated compounds, BI-3 (FP007SE), Gentamicin (FP009SF), and IMM125 (FP013NO), induced kidney proximal tubule damage (PTD). In addition to histopathology and clinical chemistry, transcriptomics microarray and proteomics 2D-DIGE analysis were performed. Data from the three PTD studies were combined for a cross-study and cross-omics meta-analysis of the target organ. The mechanistic interpretation of kidney PTD-associated deregulated transcripts revealed, in addition to previously described kidney damage transcript biomarkers such as KIM-1, CLU and TIMP-1, a number of additional deregulated pathways congruent with histopathology observations on a single animal basis, including a specific effect on the complement system. The identification of new, more specific biomarker candidates for PTD was most successful when transcriptomics data were used. Combining transcriptomics data with proteomics data added extra value.

Matheis, Katja A., E-mail: katja.matheis@boehringer-ingelheim.com [Boehringer Ingelheim Pharma GmbH and Co. KG, Biberach an der Riss (Germany); Com, Emmanuelle [Sanofi-Aventis, Paris (France); High-Throughput Proteomics Core Facility OUEST-genopole (registered) , Rennes (France); Gautier, Jean-Charles [Sanofi-Aventis, Paris (France); Guerreiro, Nelson [Novartis Institutes for BioMedical Research (NIBR), Basel (Switzerland); Brandenburg, Arnd; Gmuender, Hans [GeneData AG, Basel (Switzerland); Sposny, Alexandra; Hewitt, Philip [Merck KGaA, Darmstadt (Germany); Amberg, Alexander [Sanofi-Aventis, Frankfurt (Germany); Boernsen, Olaf [Novartis Institutes for BioMedical Research (NIBR), Basel (Switzerland); Riefke, Bjoern [Bayer Schering Pharma AG, Berlin (Germany); Hoffmann, Dana; Mally, Angela [Department of Toxicology, University of Wuerzburg, Wuerzburg (Germany); Kalkuhl, Arno [Boehringer Ingelheim Pharma GmbH and Co. KG, Biberach an der Riss (Germany); Suter, Laura [F. Hoffmann-La Roche, Ltd., Basel (Switzerland); Dieterle, Frank; Staedtler, Frank [Novartis Institutes for BioMedical Research (NIBR), Basel (Switzerland)

2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

156

Insight into the Properties of the UK Power Consumption Using a Linear Regression and Wavelet Transform Approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, the relationship between the Gross Domestic Product (GDP), air temperature variations and power consumption is evaluated using the linear regression and Wavelet Coherence (WTC) approach on a 1971-2011 time series for the United Kingdom (UK). The results based on the linear regression approach indicate that some 66% variability of the UK electricity demand can be explained by the quarterly GDP variations, while only 11% of the quarterly changes of the UK electricity demand are caused by seasonal air temperature variations. WTC however, can detect the period of time when GDP and air temperature significantly correlate with electricity demand and the results of the wavelet correlation at different time scales indicate that a significant correlation is to be found on a long-term basis for GDP and on an annual basis for seasonal air-temperature variations. This approach provides an insight into the properties of the impact of the main factors on power consumption on the basis of which the power syst...

Avdakovic, Samir; Nuhanovic, Amir

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

IPEEE Seismic Insights  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report compiles and summarizes results of the seismic portion of the Individual Plant Examination for External Events (IPEEE) conducted for each U.S. nuclear plant. Utilities can use trends developed from these results -- together with their individual plant-specific results -- to address future seismic issues on a risk-informed basis.

1999-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

158

Base isolation: Fresh insight  

SciTech Connect

The objective of the research is a further development of the engineering concept of seismic isolation. Neglecting the transient stage of seismic loading results in a widespread misjudgement: The force of resistance associated with velocity is mostly conceived as a source of damping vibrations, though it is an active force at the same time, during an earthquake type excitation. For very pliant systems such as base isolated structures with relatively low bearing stiffness and with artificially added heavy damping mechanism, the so called `damping`` force may occur even the main pushing force at an earthquake. Thus, one of the two basic pillars of the common seismic isolation philosophy, namely, the doctrine of usefulness and necessity of a strong damping mechanism, is turning out to be a self-deception, sometimes even jeopardizing the safety of structures and discrediting the very idea of seismic isolation. There is a way out: breaking with damping dependancy.

Shustov, V.

1993-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

159

Revisiting Insights from Three Mile Island Unit 2 Postaccident Examinations and Evaluations in View of the Fukushima Daiichi Accident  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Three Mile Island Unit 2 (TMI-2) accident, which occurred on March 28, 1979, led industry and regulators to enhance strategies to protect against severe accidents in commercial nuclear power plants. Investigations in the years after the accident concluded that at least 45% of the core had melted and that nearly 19 tonnes of the core material had relocated to the lower head. Postaccident examinations indicate that about half of that material formed a solid layer near the lower head and above it was a layer of fragmented rubble. As discussed in this paper, numerous insights related to pressurized water reactor accident progression were gained from postaccident evaluations of debris, reactor pressure vessel (RPV) specimens, and nozzles taken from the RPV. In addition, information gleaned from TMI-2 specimen evaluations and available data from plant instrumentation were used to improve severe accident simulation models that form the technical basis for reactor safety evaluations. Finally, the TMI-2 accident led the nuclear community to dedicate considerable effort toward understanding severe accident phenomenology as well as the potential for containment failure. Because available data suggest that significant amounts of fuel heated to temperatures near melting, the events at Fukushima Daiichi Units 1, 2, and 3 offer an unexpected opportunity to gain similar understanding about boiling water reactor accident progression. To increase the international benefit from such an endeavor, we recommend that an international effort be initiated to (a) prioritize data needs; (b) identify techniques, samples, and sample evaluations needed to address each information need; and (c) help finance acquisition of the required data and conduct of the analyses.

Joy Rempe; Mitchell Farmer; Michael Corradini; Larry Ott; Randall Gauntt; Dana Powers

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

INSIGHTS INTO PRE-ENRICHMENT OF STAR CLUSTERS AND SELF-ENRICHMENT OF DWARF GALAXIES FROM THEIR INTRINSIC METALLICITY DISPERSIONS  

SciTech Connect

Star clusters are known to have smaller intrinsic metallicity spreads than dwarf galaxies due to their shorter star formation timescales. Here we use individual spectroscopic [Fe/H] measurements of stars in 19 Local Group dwarf galaxies, 13 Galactic open clusters, and 49 globular clusters to show that star cluster and dwarf galaxy linear metallicity distributions are binomial in form, with all objects showing strong correlations between their mean linear metallicity Z-bar and intrinsic spread in metallicity {sigma}(Z){sup 2}. A plot of {sigma}(Z){sup 2} versus Z-bar shows that the correlated relationships are offset for the dwarf galaxies from the star clusters. The common binomial nature of these linear metallicity distributions can be explained with a simple inhomogeneous chemical evolution model, where the star cluster and dwarf galaxy behavior in the {sigma}(Z){sup 2}- Z-bar diagram is reproduced in terms of the number of enrichment events, covering fraction, and intrinsic size of the enriched regions. The inhomogeneity of the self-enrichment sets the slope for the observed dwarf galaxy {sigma}(Z){sup 2}- Z-bar correlation. The offset of the star cluster sequence from that of the dwarf galaxies is due to pre-enrichment, and the slope of the star cluster sequence represents the remnant signature of the self-enriched history of their host galaxies. The offset can be used to separate star clusters from dwarf galaxies without a priori knowledge of their luminosity or dynamical mass. The application of the inhomogeneous model to the {sigma}(Z){sup 2}- Z-bar relationship provides a numerical formalism to connect the self-enrichment and pre-enrichment between star clusters and dwarf galaxies using physically motivated chemical enrichment parameters. Therefore we suggest that the {sigma}(Z){sup 2}- Z-bar relationship can provide insight into what drives the efficiency of star formation and chemical evolution in galaxies, and is an important prediction for galaxy simulation models to reproduce.

Leaman, Ryan, E-mail: rleaman@uvic.ca [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Victoria, Victoria, BC V8P 1A1 (Canada)

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "insight inforum interindustry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Insights into Stress Corrosion Cracking Mechanisms from High-Resolution Measurements of Crack-Tip Structures and Compositions  

SciTech Connect

The fundamental basis for mechanistic understanding and modeling of SCC remains in question for many systems. Specific mechanisms controlling SCC can vary with changes in alloy characteristics, applied/residual stress or environmental conditions. The local crack electrochemistry, crack-tip mechanics and material metallurgy are the main factors controlling crack growth. These localized properties are difficult or impossible to measure in active cracks. Nevertheless, it is essential to quantitatively interrogate these crack-tip conditions if mechanistic understanding is to be obtained. A major recent advance has been the ability to investigate SCC cracks and crack tips using high-resolution ATEM techniques. ATEM enables the characterization of SCC cracks including trapped tip solution chemistries, corrosion product/film compositions and structures, and elemental composition gradients and defect microstructures along the crack walls and at the crack tip. A wide variety of methods for imaging and analyses at resolutions down to the atomic level can be used to examine the crack and corrosion film characteristics. Surface films and reaction layers have been examined by cross-sectional TEM techniques, but little work had been conducted on environmentally induced internal cracks until that of Lewis and co-workers [1-3] and the current authors [4-17]. This capability combined with modern ATEM techniques has enabled exciting new insights into corrosion processes occurring at buried interfaces and is being used to identify mechanisms controlling IGSCC in boiling water reactor (BWR) and pressurized water reactor (PWR) components. The objective of this paper is to summarize certain results focused on IGSCC of Fe- base and Ni-base stainless alloys in high-temperature water environments. Representative crack-tip examples will be shown to illustrate specific aspects that are characteristic of SCC in the material/environment combinations. Differences and similarities in crack-tip structures- chemistries will be highlighted comparing Fe-base 316/304SS to Ni-base alloy 600/182 and for tests in oxidizing versus hydrogenated water environments.

Bruemmer, Stephen M.; Thomas, Larry E.

2010-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

162

Building a foundation for structure-based cellulosome design for cellulosic ethanol: Insight into cohesin-dockerin complexation from computer simulation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Foundation for Structure-Based Cellulosome Design for Foundation for Structure-Based Cellulosome Design for Cellulosic Ethanol: Insight into Cohesin-Dockerin Complexation from Computer Simulation Jiancong Xu, 1,3 Michael Crowley, 2,3 and Jeremy C. Smith 1,3 1 Center for Molecular Biophysics, Building 6011, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, 37830, USA. 2 Chemical and Biosciences Center, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, 1617 Cole Blvd, Golden, CO, 80401-3393, USA 3 BioEnergy Science Center Corresponding author. Jiancong Xu, Building 6011, MS6309, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, 1 Bethel Valley Road, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37830, USA; E-mail: xuj1@ornl.gov; Phone: 865-241-9111; Fax: 865-576-7651. Running title. Computer simulation of cohesin-dockerin complexes. Manuscript pages: 29 Supplementary material pages: 4

163

Conversion for Avicel and AFEX pretreated corn stover by Clostridium thermocellum and simultaneous saccharification and fermentation: Insights into microbial conversion of pretreated cellulosic biomass  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

for for Avicel and AFEX pretreated corn stover by Clostridium thermocellum and simultaneous saccharification and fermentation: Insights into microbial conversion of pretreated cellulosic biomass Xiongjun Shao a , Mingjie Jin b,c , Anna Guseva a , Chaogang Liu d , Venkatesh Balan b,c , David Hogsett d , Bruce E. Dale b,c , Lee Lynd a,d,⇑ a Thayer School of Engineering at Dartmouth College, 8000 Cummings Hall, Hanover, NH 03755, USA b Biomass Conversion Research Laboratory (BCRL), Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, Michigan State University, MBI Building, 3900 Collins Road, Lansing, MI 48910, USA c Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center (GLBRC), Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA d Mascoma Corporation, 67 Etna Road, Suite 300, Lebanon, NH 03766, USA a r t i c l e i n f o Article history: Received 8 March 2011 Received in revised form 6 May 2011 Accepted

164

Insights on radiological risks of US Department of Energy radioactive waste management alternatives in the Environmental Management Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement  

SciTech Connect

A Facility Accident Analysis (1) was performed in support of the US Department of Energy (DOE) Environmental Management (EM) Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement (PEIS). It used an integrated risk-based approach (2) to allow risk comparisons of EM PEIS strategies for consolidating the storage and treatment of wastes at different DOE sites throughout the country. This approach was developed in accordance with the latest National Environmental Protection Act (NEPA) compliance guidance from DOE (3), which calls for consideration of a spectrum of accident scenarios that could occur in implementing the various actions evaluated in the EM PEIS. This paper discusses our insights with respect to the likely importance of the relative treatment technologies, waste management facilities and operations, and waste consolidation strategies considered in the EM PEIS.

Mueller, C.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

165

On EPR-type Entanglement in the Experiments of Scully et Al. II. Insight in the Real Random Delayed-choice Erasure Experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It was pointed out in the first part of this study that EPR-type entanglement is defined by the possibility of performing any of two mutually incompatible distant, i. e.,direct-interaction-free, measurements. They go together under the term 'EPR-type disentanglement'. In this second part, quantum-mechanical insight is gained in the real random delayed-choice erasure experiment of Kim et al. [Kim et al.: Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 1-5 (2000)] by a relative-reality-of- unitarily-evolving-state (RRUES) approach (explained in the first part). Finally, it is shown that this remarkable experiment, which performs, by random choice, two incompatible measurements at the same time, is actually an EPR-type disentanglement experiment, closely related to the micromaser experiment discussed in the first part.

Fedor Herbut

2008-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

166

Stress corrosion cracking: New experiments, new insights M I T E N E R G Y I N I T I AT I V E A U T U M N 2 0 1 2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Stress corrosion cracking: New experiments, new insights M I T E N E R G Y I N I T I AT I V E A U Center focuses on converting heat to electricity 8 Stress corrosion cracking: New experiments, new the record disappearance of Arctic sea ice, the acidification of the oceans, regional stresses on water

Seager, Sara

167

UNDERSTANDING SDO/AIA OBSERVATIONS OF THE 2010 JUNE 13 EUV WAVE EVENT: DIRECT INSIGHT FROM A GLOBAL THERMODYNAMIC MHD SIMULATION  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this work, we present a comprehensive observation and modeling analysis of the 2010 June 13 extreme-ultraviolet (EUV) wave observed by the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA) aboard the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO). Due to extreme advances in cadence, resolution, and bandpass coverage in the EUV regime, the AIA instrument offers an unprecedented ability to observe the dynamics of large-scale coronal wave-like transients known as EUV waves. To provide a physical analysis and further complement observational insight, we conduct a three-dimensional, time-dependent thermodynamic MHD simulation of the eruption and associated EUV wave, and employ forward modeling of EUV observables to compare the results directly observations. We focus on two main aspects: (1) the interpretation of the stark thermodynamic signatures in the multi-filter AIA data within the propagating EUV wave front, and (2) an in-depth analysis of the simulation results and their implication with respect to EUV wave theories. Multiple aspects, including the relative phases of perturbed variables, suggest that the outer, propagating component of the EUV transient exhibits the behavior of a fast-mode wave. We also find that this component becomes decoupled from the evolving structures associated with the coronal mass ejection that are also visible, providing a clear distinction between wave and non-wave mechanisms at play.

Downs, Cooper; Roussev, Ilia I.; Lugaz, Noe [Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii, at Manoa, 2680 Woodlawn Dr., Honolulu, HI 96822 (United States); Van der Holst, Bart; Sokolov, Igor V., E-mail: cdowns@ifa.hawaii.edu [Department of Atmospheric, Oceanic and Space Sciences, University of Michigan, 2455 Hayward St., Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States)

2012-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

168

INSIGHT: LOCAL INSIGHT: LOCAL he Square Kilometre Array  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Australia. The Karoo, an area in SA that was once the floor of an inland sea, is one of the best places of the entire SKA project using the Meer- KAT telescope under construction in the Karoo and a similar, twin% in the Karoo and 40% spread across eight partner countries in Africa (Botswana, Namibia, Mozambique, Madagascar

Glass, Ian S.

169

Insight REV dbk.indd  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

67 lbs 67 lbs Delivered Curb Weight: 1959 lbs Distribution F/R: 61/39 % GVWR: 2380 lbs GAWR F/R: 1355/1035 lbs Payload: 411 lbs Performance Goal: 400 lbs DIMENSIONS Wheelbase: 94.5 inches Track F/R: 56.5/52.2 inches Length: 155.1 inches Width: 66.7 inches Height: 51.5 inches Ground Clearance: 4.6 inches Performance Goal: 5.0 inches TIRES Tire Mfg: Bridgestone Tire Model: Potenza Tire Size: 165/65R14

170

HEV Fleet Testing - Honda Insight  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Performance: Total miles driven: 68,287 Cumulative MPG: 47.10 * Purchase includes dealer price with options plus taxes. It does not include title, license, registration, extended...

171

HEV Fleet Testing - Honda Insight  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Performance: Total miles driven: 160,091 Cumulative MPG: 44.98 * Purchase includes dealer price with options plus taxes. It does not include title, license, registration, extended...

172

Insight Homes | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Partner Partnering Center within NREL Electricity Resources & Building Systems Integration LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now...

173

Further insights into the "$??$ puzzle"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Based on a systematic investigation of $J/\\psi(\\psi^\\prime)\\to VP$, where $V$ and $P$ stand for light vector and pseudoscalar mesons, we identify the role played by the electromagnetic (EM) transitions and intermediate meson loop transitions, which are essential ingredients for understanding the $J/\\psi$ and $\\psi^\\prime$ couplings to $VP$. We show that on the one hand, the EM transitions have relatively larger interferences in $\\psi^\\prime\\to \\rho\\pi$ and $K^*\\bar{K}+c.c.$ as explicitly shown by vector meson dominance (VMD). On the other hand, the strong decay of $\\psi^\\prime$ receives relatively larger destructive interferences from the intermediate meson loop transitions. By identifying these mechanisms in an overall study of $J/\\psi(\\psi^\\prime)\\to VP$, we provide a coherent understanding of the so-called "$\\rho\\pi$ puzzle".

Qiang Zhao; Gang Li; Chao-Hsi Chang

2008-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

174

HEV Fleet Testing - Honda Insight  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Operating Cost: 0.22mile Total Ownership Cost: 1.30mile Operating Performance: Total miles driven: 8,962 Cumulative MPG: 46.38 * Purchase includes dealer price with options...

175

HEV Fleet Testing - Honda Insight  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Operating Cost: 0.12mile Total Ownership Cost: 0.65mile Operating Performance: Total miles driven: 18,612 Cumulative MPG: 49.36 * Purchase includes dealer price with options...

176

HEV Fleet Testing - Honda Insight  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Operating Cost: 0.14mile Total Ownership Cost: 0.79mile Operating Performance: Total miles driven: 15,746 Cumulative MPG: 44.38 * Purchase includes dealer price with options...

177

HEV Fleet Testing - Honda Insight  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Operating Cost: 0.07mile Total Ownership Cost: 0.29mile Operating Performance: Total miles driven: 145,902 Cumulative MPG: 44.05 Engine: 3-cylinder, 48 kW @ 5700 rpm Electric...

178

Insights gained from aging research  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The US NRC Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research has implemented hardware-oriented engineering research programs to identify and resolve technical issues related to the aging of systems, structures, and components (SSCs) in operating nuclear power plants. This report provides a summary of those research results which have been compiled and published in NUREGS and related technical reports. The systems, components and structures that have been studied are organized by alphabetical order. The research results summary on the SSCs is followed by an assessment guide to emphasize inspection techniques which may be useful for detecting aging degradation in nuclear power plants. This report will be updated periodically to reflect new research results on these or other SSCs.

Blahnik, D.E.; Casada, D.A.; Edson, J.L.; Fineman, D.L.; Gunther, W.E.; Haynes, H.D.; Hoopingarner, K.R.; Jacobus, M.J.; Jarrell, D.B.; Kryter, R.C.; Magelby, H.L.; Murphy, G.A.; Subudhi, M.M.

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Earth Insights By Phil Rawlings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

or absorption can result in distortion of far field temperatures over time. This distortion can cause cooling

180

Three papers on input-ouput [sic] energy and environmental accounting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The input-output model, a framework for national accounting and economic modeling, has been popular among regional economists for studying energy and emissions due to its focus on interindustry linkages. In a series of ...

Huang, Sonya (Sonya Y.)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "insight inforum interindustry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Structural Insights into the Functional Role of the Hcn Sub-domain of the Receptor-Binding Domain of the Botulinum Neurotoxin Mosaic Serotype C/D  

SciTech Connect

Botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT), the causative agent of the deadly neuroparalytic disease botulism, is the most poisonous protein known for humans. Produced by different strains of the anaerobic bacterium Clostridium botulinum, BoNT effects cellular intoxication via a multistep mechanism executed by the three modules of the activated protein. Endocytosis, the first step of cellular intoxication, is triggered by the ~50 kDa, heavy-chain receptor-binding module (HCR) that is specific for a ganglioside and a protein receptor on neuronal cell surfaces. This dual receptor recognition mechanism between BoNT and the host cells membrane is well documented and occurs via specific intermolecular interactions with the C-terminal sub-domain, Hcc, of BoNT-HCR. The N-terminal sub-domain of BoNT-HCR, Hcn, comprises ~50% of BoNT-HCR and adopts a B-sheet jelly roll fold. While suspected in assisting cell surface recognition, no unambiguous function for the Hcn sub-domain in BoNT has been indentified. To obtain insights into the potential function of the Hcn sub-domain in BoNT, the first crystal structure of a BoNT with an organic ligand bound to the Hcn sub-domain has been obtained. Here, we describe the crystal structure of BoNT/CD-HCR determined at 1.70 resolution with a tetraethylene glycol (PG4) molecule bound in an hydrophobic cleft between B-strands in the B-sheet jelly fold roll of the Hcn sub-domain. The molecule is completely engulfed in the cleft, making numerous hydrophobic (Y932, S959, W966, and D1042) and hydrophilic (S935, W977, L979, N1013, and I1066) contacts with the proteins side chain and backbone that may mimic in vivo interactions with the phospholipid membranes on neuronal cell surfaces. A sulfate ion was also observed bound to residues T1176, D1177, K1196, and R1243 in the Hcc sub-domain of BoNT/CD-HCR. In the crystal structure of a similar protein, BoNT/D-HCR, a sialic acid

Zhang, Yanfeng; Gardberg, Anna; Edwards, Tom E.; Sankaran, Banumathi; Robinson, Howard; Varnum, Susan M.; Buchko, Garry W.

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - Sector  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

134.50 140.00 INFORUM 91.78 105.84 113.35 117.83 116.76 IHSGI 99.16 72.89 87.19 95.65 98.08 Purvin & Gertz 98.75 103.77 106.47 107.37 107.37 SEER 94.20 101.57 107.13 111.26 121.94...

183

Insights From EPRI Maintenance Rule Projects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The new NRC Maintenance Rule poses numerous challenges and opportunities for utilities due to its risk- and performance-based approach. This report provides many examples of problems and their solutions in the implementation of this regulation at several nuclear power plants. A comprehensive treatment of the technical basis for three troublesome areas of the rule--risk significance measures, performance criteria, and the balance between reliability and availability--is also provided to increase utility c...

1996-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

184

Comprehensible Knowledge Discovery: Gaining Insight from Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

uranium from South Africa. A total of 1500 tons were delivered. In 1980, the US refused to sell grain with the above two examples: #12;If an English speaking democracy that imports oil threatens a country in the Northern Hemisphere that has a strong economic health and exports weapons, then the sanction will fail

Pazzani, Michael J.

185

Rethinking hydrogen fueling insights from delivery modeling.  

SciTech Connect

Over the past century gasoline fueling has evolved from being performed by a variety of informal, diverse methods to being performed through the use of a standardized, highly automated system that exploits the fuel's benefits and mitigates its hazards. Any effort to transition to another fuel with different properties--with both advantages and disadvantages--must make similar adjustments. This paper discusses the existing gasoline refueling infrastructure and its evolution. It then describes the hydrogen delivery scenario analysis model, an Excel-based tool that calculates the levelized cost of delivering hydrogen from a central production facility to a vehicle by the use of currently available technologies and a typical profile of vehicle use and fueling demand. The results are shown for a status quo, or gasoline-centric case, in which demand reflects the current gasoline-based system and supply responds accordingly, and a hydrogen-centric case, in which some of those patterns are altered. The paper highlights fueling requirements that are particularly problematic for hydrogen and concludes with a discussion of alternative fueling paradigms.

Mintz, M.; Elgowainy, A.; Gardiner, M.; Energy Systems; U. S. DOE

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

HEV Fleet Testing - 2001 Honda Insight Hybrid  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3212003 62,150 Changed oil, rotated tires 30.90 4222003 66,605 Replaced one damage tire 24.33 5122003 69,605 Changed oil, rotated tires 30.90 662003 73,484 75K service...

187

HEV Fleet Testing - Honda Insight - Maintenance Sheet  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

12262001 22,768 Replace front tires. Original equipment tires ordered by Discount Tire Company 141.59 1262002 27,426 Change oil 21.97 542002 32,853 Change oil 35.96 ...

188

Van Scoyoc Associates Insights on the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Roy E. Brogdon, Jr. Dr. Angela Shurling Bushway John and Jeanne Capozzi Jerry L. Case, DVM Larry M. Callaway Jr. Dr. William Lee Carter Jr. Dr. and Mrs. Jerry Lynn Case Dr. and Mrs. James R. Clanton Jr. Dr Inc. Dr. Jerry Lynn Case Case Veterinary Hospital, PC Patricia L. Lane Catawba Animal Clinic, P

Dyer, Bill

189

Insights from UT Austin Energy Poll  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

weighted data Page 27 Source: University of Texas at Austin Energy Poll Energy Efficient Light Bulbs March 2013 Base: 2113. All results based on weighted data 48% 44% 0% 10% 20%...

190

Honda Insight Fleet and Accelerated Reliability Testing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Arizona. Each Leaf will be operated for 60,000 miles, at which point their traction batteries will be tested before they are retired (one battery is also tested when new)....

191

Honda Insight Fleet and Accelerated Reliability Testing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Each Malibu will be operated for 195,000 miles, at which point their traction batteries will be tested before they are retired (their traction batteries are also tested...

192

Honda Insight Fleet and Accelerated Reliability Testing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Each Sonata will be operated for 160,000 miles, at which point their traction batteries will be tested before they are retired (their traction batteries are also tested...

193

Honda Insight Fleet and Accelerated Reliability Testing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Arizona. Each CRZ will be operated for 160,000 miles, at which point their traction batteries will be tested before they are retired (their traction batteries are also tested...

194

Insights Gained from Testing Alternate Cell Designs  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Idaho National Laboratory (INL) has been researching the application of solid-oxide electrolysis cell for large-scale hydrogen production from steam over a temperature range of 800 to 900C. The INL has been testing various solid oxide cell designs to characterize their electrolytic performance operating in the electrolysis mode for hydrogen production. Some results presented in this report were obtained from cells, initially developed by the Forschungszentrum Jlich and now manufactured by the French ceramics firm St. Gobain. These cells have an active area of 16 cm2 per cell. They were initially developed as fuel cells, but are being tested as electrolytic cells in the INL test stands. The electrolysis cells are electrode-supported, with ~10 m thick yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) electrolytes, ~1400 m thick nickel-YSZ steam-hydrogen electrodes, and manganite (LSM) air-oxygen electrodes. The experiments were performed over a range of steam inlet mole fractions (0.1 to 0.6), gas flow rates, and current densities (0 to 0.6 A/cm2). Steam consumption rates associated with electrolysis were measured directly using inlet and outlet dewpoint instrumentation. On a molar basis, the steam consumption rate is equal to the hydrogen production rate. Cell performance was evaluated by performing DC potential sweeps at 800, 850, and 900C. The voltage-current characteristics are presented, along with values of area-specific resistance as a function of current density. Long-term cell performance is also assessed to evaluate cell degradation. Details of the custom single-cell test apparatus developed for these experiments are also presented. NASA, in conjunction with the University of Toledo, has developed another fuel cell concept with the goals of reduced weight and high power density. The NASA cell is structurally symmetrical, with both electrodes supporting the thin electrolyte and containing micro-channels for gas diffusion. This configuration is called a bi-electrode supported cell or BSC. The electrodes are made by freeze-casting, a modified tape casting technique which creates the many micro-channels in the YSZ electrode green tape. This report presents results of the INLs testing of this new solid oxide cell design as an electrolyzer. Gas composition, operating voltage, and other parameters were varied during testing. Results to date show the NASA cell to be a promising design for both high power-to-weight fuel cell and electrolyzer applications.

J. E. O'Brien; C. M. Stoots; J. S. Herring; G. K. Housley; M. S. Sohal; D. G. Milobar; Thomas Cable

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Bioinformatic Insights from Metagenomics through Visualization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cutting-edge biological and bioinformatics research seeks a systems perspective through the analysis of multiple types of high-throughput and other experimental data for the same sample. Systems-level analysis requires the integration and fusion of such ... Keywords: bioinformatics, visualization, metagenomics, categorical, nominal

Susan L. Havre; Bobbie-Jo Webb-Robertson; Anuj Shah; Christian Posse; Banu Gopalan; Fred J. Brockman

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Honda Insight Fleet and Accelerated Reliability Testing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Volt EREV Accelerated Testing - June 2013 Four model year 2013 Chevrolet Volt extended range electric vehicles (EREVs) entered Accelerated testing during November 2012 in a fleet...

197

Honda Insight Fleet and Accelerated Reliability Testing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Chevrolet Volt EREV Accelerated Testing - June 2013 Two model year 2011 Chevrolet Volt extended range electric vehicles (EREVs) entered Accelerated testing during March 2011 in a...

198

HEV Fleet Testing - Honda Insight - Maintenance Sheet  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

35.96 672002 44,130 Four wheel brake service 177.78 8202002 53,249 Replace 12 volt accessory battery 70.00 11152002 58,228 60,000 mile service and replace 2 tires...

199

Sandia National Laboratories: Global Insight, Inc ...  

Annual Report; Economic Impact; ... 2013. Month: DOL: Factor: December, '13: 2.1%: 2.0%: November, '13: 1.9%: 1.95%: ... 2012. Month: DOL: Factor: ...

200

HEV Fleet Testing - 2000 Honda Insight Hybrid  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Operating Cost: 0.08mile Total Ownership Cost: 0.29mile Operating Performance: Total miles driven: 68,287 Cumulative MPG: 47.10 * Purchase includes dealer price with options...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "insight inforum interindustry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Honda Insight Fleet and Accelerated Reliability Testing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ford Fusion Hybrid Electric Vehicle Accelerated Testing - May 2012 Two model year 2010 Ford Fusion hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) entered Accelerated testing during August 2009 in...

202

Honda Insight Fleet and Accelerated Reliability Testing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mazda 3 Micro Hybrid Vehicle Accelerated Testing - December 2012 Two Mazda 3 European Micro Hybrid Vehicles (MHVs) entered accelerated testing during November 2010 in a fleet in...

203

Honda Insight Fleet and Accelerated Reliability Testing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Volkswagen Golf Micro Hybrid Vehicle Accelerated Testing - December 2012 Two Volkswagen Golf European Micro Hybrid Vehicle (MHVs) entered accelerated testing during October 2010 in...

204

Honda Insight Fleet and Accelerated Reliability Testing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hybrid Electric Vehicle Accelerated Testing (Model Year 2004) - October 2007 Two (Model Year 2004) Toyota Prius hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) entered accelerated testing in a...

205

Honda Insight Fleet and Accelerated Reliability Testing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Smart fortwo Micro Hybrid Vehicle Accelerated Testing - December 2012 Three Smart fortwo European Micro Hybrid Vehicles (MHVs) entered accelerated testing during October 2010 in a...

206

GLEANing Scientific Insights More Quickly | Argonne Leadership...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

data movement between the compute, analysis, and storage resources of high-performance computing systems. This speeds the computer's ability to read and write data, also...

207

Genomic insights into the pathogenesis of Leptospira  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Leptospira inadai" serovar lyme) isolated from human skin."fainei BUT6 T and L. inadai Lyme T as described previously (fainei BUT6 T and L. inadai Lyme T as well as L. interrogans

Ricaldi Camahuali, Jessica Nancy

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Honda Insight Fleet and Accelerated Reliability Testing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Gen III Prius HEV Accelerated Testing - May 2012 Two model year 2010 Toyota Generation III Prius hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) entered Accelerated testing during July 2009 in a...

209

Supercomputer Provides Molecular Insight into Cellulose (Fact...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

cellulose, which is a fundamental step in biomass conversion technolo- gies for biofuels production. NREL used the new high-performance supercomputer Red Mesa to conduct...

210

Industry insight -Engineering In a nutshell  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, energy, chemicals and more. Post-recession forecasts for engineering are good. The engineering, IT and telecommunications, construction, energy, utilities and water companies all expected their graduate recruitment; IT support; logistics; management and administration; sales. The following profiles are examples of key

Martin, Ralph R.

211

Query-Driven Visualization Accelerates Scientific Insight  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 ESnet Update Summer 2007 Joint Techs Workshop Joe Burrescia ESnet General Manager July 16) Singaren ESnet IP core: Packet over SONET Optical Ring and Hubs ELP commercial peering points MAE-E PAIX-PA Equinix, etc. PNWGPoP/PAcificWave ESnet 3 with Sites and Peers (Early 2007) ESnet core hubsIP Abilene high

212

Query-Driven Visualization Accelerates Scientific Insight  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

/on at ESnet R. Kevin Oberman Sr. Network Engineer February 2, 2010 #12;Why ESnet is Signing · While not covered by the OMB mandate, ESnet supports several organizations which are required to sign · ESnet needs experience with DNSSEC to support these organizations effectively · Future mandates may cover ESnet #12;How

213

Insights on the Road to Performance Excellence  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

May 2013. For Everything There Is a Season, and a Time for Every Purpose. ... It has been a thrill and a privilege to serve in this role for 18 years. ...

2013-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

214

Farm to School Efforts: Innovations and Insights  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Centerpiece for a Healthy School Environment. Re- trievedCFPA (n.d. ). ).REAL School Initia- tive. Retrieved from:more: Scaling up for farm to school programs. Community Food

Galarneau, Tim; Millward, Suzanne; Laird, Megan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Honda Insight Fleet and Accelerated Reliability Testing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Civic CNG Accelerated Testing - June 2013 Four model year 2013 Honda Civic compressed natural gas (CNGs) entered Accelerated testing during November 2012 in a fleet in Arizona....

216

Evaluation of the Genetic and Nutritional Control of Obesity and Type 2 Diabetes in a Novel Mouse Model on Chromosome 7: An Insight into Insulin Signaling and Glucose Homeostasis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Obesity is the main cause of type 2 diabetes, accounting for 90-95% of all diabetes cases in the US. Human obesity is a complex trait and can be studied using appropriate mouse models. A novel polygenic mouse model for studying the genetic and environmental contributions to and the physiological ramifications of obesity and related phenotypes is found in specific lines of mice bred and maintained at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Heterozygous mice with a maternally inherited copy of two radiation-induced deletions in the p region of mouse chromosome 7, p23DFioD and p30PUb, have significantly greater body fat and show hyperinsulinemia compared to the wild-type. A single gene, Atp10c, maps to this critical region and codes for a putative aminophospholipid translocase. Biochemical and molecular studies were initiated to gain insight into obesity and glucose homeostasis in these animals and to study the biological role of Atp10c in creating these phenotypes. Glucose and insulin tolerance tests were standardized for the heterozygous p23DFioD and control mice on a custom-made diet containing 20% protein, 70% carbohydrate, and 10% fat (kcal). Atp10c expression profiles were also generated using Reverse-Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR). Heterozygous p23DFioD animals showed insulin resistance after receiving a dose of either 0.375 or 0.75 U/kg Illetin R insulin. RT-PCR data also shows differences in Atp10c expression in the mutants versus control mice. Using these standardized biochemical assays, future studies will further the understanding of genetic and nutritional controls of glucose homeostasis and obesity in animal models and subsequently in human populations.

Nelson, S.; Dhar, M.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

New Insights into the Crystal and Electronic Structures of Li[subscript 1+x]V[subscript 1?x]O[subscript 2] from Solid State NMR, Pair Distribution Function Analyses, and First Principles Calculations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Pair distribution function (PDF) analyses of synchrotron data obtained for the anode materials Li{sub 1+x}V{sub 1-x}O{sub 2} (0 {le} x {le} 0.1) have been performed to characterize the short to medium range structural ordering. The data show clear evidence for the magnetically-induced distortion of the V sublattice to form trimers, the distortion persisting at even the highest excess Li content considered of x = 0.1. At least three distinct local environments were observed for the stoichiometric material LiVO{sub 2} in {sup 6}Li nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, the environments becoming progressively more disordered as the Li content increases. A two-dimensional Li-Li correlation NMR experiment (POST-C7) was used to identify the resonances corresponding to Li within the same layers. NMR spectra were acquired as a function of the state of charge, a distinct environment for Li in Li{sub 2}VO{sub 2} being observed. The results suggest that disorder within the Li layers (in addition to the presence of Li within the V layers as proposed by Armstrong et al. Nat. Mater.2011, 10, 223-229) may aid the insertion of Li into the Li{sub 1+x}V{sub 1-x}O{sub 2} phase. The previously little-studied Li{sub 2}VO{sub 2} phase was also investigated by hybrid density functional theory (DFT) calculations, providing insights into magnetic interactions, spin-lattice coupling, and Li hyperfine parameters.

Pourpoint, Frdrique; Hua, Xiao; Middlemiss, Derek S.; Adamson, Paul; Wang, Da; Bruce, Peter G.; Grey, Clare P. (SBU); (Cambridge); (St Andrews)

2012-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

218

Information Technology Spillover and Productivity: The Role of Information Technology Intensity and Competition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We study interindustry information technology (IT) spillover wherein IT investments made by supplier industries increase the productivity of downstream industries. Using data from U.S. manufacturing industries, we find that industries receive significant ... Keywords: Competition, Industry Analysis, Industry Characteristics, It Effects, It Intensity, It Spillover, Productivity, Total Factor Productivity

Kunsoo Han; Young Chang; Jungpil Hahn

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Insights on the Road to Performance Excellence January ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Slowing the annual growth rate of health care costs by 1.5 percentage points would increase GDP by over 2% in 2020 and nearly 8% in 2030.The ...

2013-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

220

Mouse Work: New Insights on a Fundamental DNA Repair ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... of chemistry that keeps living cells alive, a team of researchers from the University of Vermont (UVM), the University of Utah, Vanderbilt University ...

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "insight inforum interindustry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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221

Field Operations Program - Honda Insight Hybrid Electric Vehicle...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

both Urban and Freeway drive cycles, each conducted at four operating scenarios that mix minimum and maximum payloads with different auxiliary (e.g., lights, air conditioning)...

222

Insights on the Road to Performance Excellence February ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... in a world of digital-information overload ... in an ever-changing and frequently uncertain market environment that ... in shipping, tariff, or energy costs, for ...

2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

223

Insights on the Road to Performance Excellence February ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... I called the bank the day before the maturity date and asked that the money be transferred to my checking account on the next day. ...

2012-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

224

Insights on the Road to Performance Excellence February ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The Senate faces three challenges: lack of respect, the corrupting influence of money, and the disregard for fact. Kerry spoke ...

2013-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

225

100 Hospitals CEO Insights: Adoption Rates of Select Baldrige ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... of major shifts in technology, markets, healthcare services ... identify business opportunities, improve marketing efforts, and grow market share. ...

2013-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

226

Insights on the Road to Performance Excellence December ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Increasing market penetration. ... Expanding your markets. ... This may be accomplished by developing a storefront presence or a Web marketing site, ...

2013-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

227

Insights on the Road to Performance Excellence March 2011  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... They may be very successful in a stable market. ... leaders who are always zoomed out, always thinking about the future and possible future markets? ...

2013-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

228

Insights on the Road to Performance Excellence April 2013  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... It is an energy-rich experience. ... Integration has meant that the components of organizational ... are being managed as an interconnected system. ...

2013-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

229

Public Interest Litigation: Insights from Theory and Practice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

For those seeking social impact through law, the challengeways that maximize social impact. 187. See generally Robertand their likely social impact. A deeper under- standing of

Cummings, Scott L; Rhode, Deborah L.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Insights on the Road to Performance Excellence April 2011  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... to a heightened level of understanding for me this year: the value of high ... was totally new this year (at least in my key take-home messages) was the ...

2013-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

231

Insight into Cluster Strengthening in a Nb-Microalloyed High ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Contributions of Atom Probe Tomography to the Understanding of Steels Control of p-n ... Relationships in a Series of Co-Cr-Cu-Fe-Ni-Al High Entropy Alloys.

232

Insights on the Road to Performance Excellence June/July ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Cost and variety will drive the need for ... and availability and at the same time to support ... and reduce the waste and energy consumption associated ...

2013-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

233

long-term Collaborators: Y. Ageon (Insight Finance, France)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

;36 SYNCHRONISATION AND COLLECTIVE EFFECTS IN EXTENDED STOCHASTIC SYSTEMS Fireflies Miltenberger et al. (1993) #12

234

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: ecoInsight Energy Audit...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

employee productivity, communicate the value of energy efficiency upgrades, and increase sales. Computer Platform Web-based solution works with Internet Explorer and Google Chrome...

235

Insights on the Road to Performance Excellence July 2010  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... enough to have a list of values and an ethics policy; you must ... We need to spend more energy on celebrating successes, even interim milestones, to ...

2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

236

INSIGHTS INTO THE ROLE OF THE OPERATOR IN ADVANCED REACTORS.  

SciTech Connect

NUCLEAR POWER PLANT PERSONNEL PLAY A VITAL ROLE IN THE PRODUCTIVE, EFFICIENT, AND SAFE GENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER, WHETHER FOR CONVENTIONAL LIGHT WATER REACTORS OR NEW ADVANCED REACTORS. IT IS WIDELY RECOGNIZED THAT HUMAN ACTIONS THAT DEPART FROM OR FAIL TO ACHIEVE WHAT SHOULD BE DONE CAN BE IMPORTANT CONTRIBUTORS TO THE RISK ASSOCIATED WITH THE OPERATION OF NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS. ADVANCED REACTORS ARE EXPECTED TO PRESENT A CONCEPT OF OPERATI...

PERSENSKY, J.; LEWIS, P.; O' HARA, J.

2005-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

237

Insight into Clustering in Poly(ethylene oxide) Solutions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Introduction Poly(ethylene oxide) is one of the most ... other systems such as polyelectrolyte solutions, clay dispersions, living ... J. Colloid Interface Sci. ...

2011-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

238

Insights on the Road to Performance Excellence March 2013  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... phase may be network performance measurement ... providing any discriminating power between normal ... consequences, such as loss of employee or ...

2013-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

239

Insights on the Road to Performance Excellence August 2012  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... strategic decisions. Will you use contract research, or will you do research in-house for your next-generation product? Will ...

2012-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

240

Behavioral impulsivity and hallucinations : insights from Parkinson's disease  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Parkinson's disease (PD) is an age-related degenerative disease of the brain, characterized by motor, cognitive, and psychiatric symptoms. Neurologists and neuroscientists now understand that several symptoms of the disease, ...

Ashourian, Paymon

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "insight inforum interindustry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Insights into PEMFC Performance Degradation from HCl in Air  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The performance degradation of a proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) is studied in the presence of HCl in the air stream. The cathode employing carbon-supported platinum nanoparticles (Pt/C) was exposed to 4 ppm HCl in air while the cell voltage was held at 0.6 V. The HCl poisoning results in generation of chloride and chloroplatinate ions on the surface of Pt/C catalyst as determined by a combination of electrochemical tests and ex-situ chlorine K-edge X-Ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) spectroscopy. The chloride ions inhibit the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) and likely affect the wetting properties of diffusion media/catalyst layer, while the chloroplatinate ions are responsible for enhanced platinum particle growth most likely due to platinum dissolution-redeposition. The chloride ions can cause corrosion of the Pt nanoparticles in the presence of aqueous HCl in air even if no potential is applied. Although the majority of chloride ions are desorbed from the Pt surface by hydrogen treatment of the cathode, they partially remain in the system and re-adsorb on platinum at cell voltages of 0.5-0.9 V. Chloride ions are removed from the system and fuel cell performance at 0.5-0.7 V is restored by multiple exposures to low potentials.

O Baturina; A Epshteyn; P Northrup; K Swider-Lyons

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

242

New insights into strobe reactions: An intriguing oscillatory combustion phenomenon.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Strobes are self-sustained oscillatory combustions that have various applications in the fireworks industry and also in the military area (signaling, missile decoys and crowd control). (more)

Corbel, J.M.L.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Structural Insights into RNA Recognition by RIG-I  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Intracellular RIG-I-like receptors (RLRs, including RIG-I, MDA-5, and LGP2) recognize viral RNAs as pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) and initiate an antiviral immune response. To understand the molecular basis of this process, we determined the crystal structure of RIG-I in complex with double-stranded RNA (dsRNA). The dsRNA is sheathed within a network of protein domains that include a conserved 'helicase' domain (regions HEL1 and HEL2), a specialized insertion domain (HEL2i), and a C-terminal regulatory domain (CTD). A V-shaped pincer connects HEL2 and the CTD by gripping an {alpha}-helical shaft that extends from HEL1. In this way, the pincer coordinates functions of all the domains and couples RNA binding with ATP hydrolysis. RIG-I falls within the Dicer-RIG-I clade of the superfamily 2 helicases, and this structure reveals complex interplay between motor domains, accessory mechanical domains, and RNA that has implications for understanding the nanomechanical function of this protein family and other ATPases more broadly.

Luo, Dahai; Ding, Steve C.; Vela, Adriana; Kohlway, Andrew; Lindenbach, Brett D.; Pyle, Anna Marie (Yale)

2011-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

244

Tools protecting stakeholders against hackers and crackers: an insight review  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The internet is considered as an effective tool that ensures communications globally. However, this has been hindered by hackers and crackers continuously. In doing so, a multitude of network-facilitated tools such as firewalls, virtual private networks ... Keywords: VPN, antivirus software, computer hacking, cracking, data matching, electronic security, firewalls, hackers, internet, network security, training, virtual private networks, vulnerability analysis

Hossein Jahankani; Branko Antonijevic; Terry H. Walcott

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

A New Insight into Plasticity of MAX-Phase Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Definite: A CD-only volume ... Solid Solutions (TiC1-xNx)nTiAl1-ySny (n = 1, 2, 3) Synthesis, Crystal Growth and Characterization Synthesis and...

246

Strategies for aluminum recycling : insights from material system optimization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The dramatic increase in aluminum consumption over the past decades necessitates a societal effort to recycle and reuse these materials to promote true sustainability and energy savings in aluminum production. However, the ...

Li, Preston Pui-Chuen

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Further insights into the "$\\rho\\pi$ puzzle"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Based on a systematic investigation of $J/\\psi(\\psi^\\prime)\\to VP$, where $V$ and $P$ stand for light vector and pseudoscalar mesons, we identify the role played by the electromagnetic (EM) transitions and intermediate meson loop transitions, which are essential ingredients for understanding the $J/\\psi$ and $\\psi^\\prime$ couplings to $VP$. We show that on the one hand, the EM transitions have relatively larger interferences in $\\psi^\\prime\\to \\rho\\pi$ and $K^*\\bar{K}+c.c.$ as explicitly shown by vector meson dominance (VMD). On the other hand, the strong decay of $\\psi^\\prime$ receives relatively larger destructive interferences from the intermediate meson loop transitions. By identifying these mechanisms in an overall study of $J/\\psi(\\psi^\\prime)\\to VP$, we provide a coherent understanding of the so-called "$\\rho\\pi$ puzzle".

Zhao, Qiang; Chang, Chao-Hsi

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

New insights on geomagnetic storms from observations and modeling  

SciTech Connect

Understanding the response at Earth of the Sun's varying energy output and forecasting geomagnetic activity is of central interest to space science, since intense geomagnetic storms may cause severe damages on technological systems and affect communications. Episodes of southward (Bz

Jordanova, Vania K [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

New insight on global QCD fits using Regge theory  

SciTech Connect

In global QCD fits, one has to choose an initial parton distribution at Q{sup 2} = Q{sub 0}{sup 2}. I shall argue that the initial condition chosen in usual standard sets is inconsistent with analytic S-matrix theory. I shall show how one can combine these two approaches, leading to a Regge-compatible next-to-leading order global QCD fit. This allows one to extend the parametrisation in the low-Q2 region. Finally, I shall discuss how it it possible to use the Dokshitzer-Gribov-Lipatov-Altarelli-Parisi (DGLAP) equation to obtain information on Regge models at high Q2.

Soyez, G. [CEA Saclay, Service de Physique Theorique, Orme des Merisiers Bat 774, F-91191 Gif-Sur-Yvette (France)

2005-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

250

Molecular insights into the niche of harmful brown tides  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recurrent brown tide blooms caused by the harmful alga Alureococcus anophagefferens have decimated coastal ecosystems and shellfisheries along the Eastern U.S and South Africa. The exact mechanisms controlling bloom ...

Wurch, Louie L. (Louie Lorne)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Convective Mixing near the Tropical Tropopause: Insights from Seasonal Variations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It has been suggested that convection remains important in the budget of water vapor up to the tropical tropopause or even higher. But observed seasonal variations of CO2 and water vapor in the lower stratosphere, and their timing, call the ...

Steven C. Sherwood; Andrew E. Dessler

2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Insights into protein function from evolutionary and conformational dynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The volume of protein structure data has grown rapidly over the past 30 years, leaving a wake of facts that still require explanation. We endeavored to answer a few open questions on the structure-function relationship of ...

Bransford, Philip W

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Wastewater treatment: New insight provided by interactive multiobjective optimization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we describe a new interactive tool developed for wastewater treatment plant design. The tool is aimed at supporting the designer in designing new wastewater treatment plants as well as optimizing the performance of already available plants. ... Keywords: Decision support, IND-NIMBUS, Interactive methods, Multicriteria optimization, Simulation-based optimization, Wastewater treatment planning

Jussi Hakanen; Kaisa Miettinen; Kristian Sahlstedt

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Observing the GalpagosEUC Interaction: Insights and Challenges  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Although sustained observations yield a description of the mean equatorial current system from the western Pacific to the eastern terminus of the Tropical Atmosphere Ocean (TAO) array, a comprehensive observational dataset suitable for describing ...

Kristopher B. Karnauskas; Raghu Murtugudde; Antonio J. Busalacchi

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

New Insights into Particle Detection with Superheated Liquids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report new results obtained in calibrations of superheated liquid droplet detectors used in dark matter searches with different radiation sources (n,$\\alpha$,$\\gamma$). In particular, detectors were spiked with alpha-emitters located inside and outside the droplets. It is shown that the responses are different, depending on whether alpha particles or recoil nuclei create the signals. The energy thresholds for $\\alpha$-emitters are compared with test beam measurements using mono-energetic neutrons, as well as with theoretical predictions. Finally a model is presented which describes how the observed intensities of particle induced acoustic signals can be related to the dynamics of bubble growth in superheated liquids. An improved understanding of the bubble dynamics is an important first step in obtaining better discrimination between particle types interacting in detectors of this kind.

S. Archambault; F. Aubin; M. Auger; M. Beleshi; E. Behnke; J. Behnke; B. Beltran; K. Clark; X. Dai; A. Davour; F. Debris. J. Farine; M. -H. Genest; G. Giroux; R. Gornea; R. Faust; H. Hinnefeld; A. Kamaha; C. B. Krauss; M. Lafrenire; M. Laurin; I. Lawson; C. Leroy; C. Lvy; L. Lessard; I. Levine; J. -P. Martin; S. Kumaratunga; R. MacDonald; R. Nadeau; A. Noble; M. -C. Piro; S. Pospisil; N. Starinski; I. Stekl; N. Vander Werf; U. Wichoski; V. Zacek

2010-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

256

HEV Fleet testing maintenance sheet for Honda insight hybrid...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hybrid VIN JHMZE14701T002688 Date Mileage Description Cost 272002 7,473 Changed oil, rotated tires 27.00 4122002 14,946 Changed oil, rotated tires 27.00 4172002...

257

HEV America - 2001 Honda Insight Hybrid Electric Vehicle  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

t H y b r i d E l e c t r i c V e h i c l e HEVAMERICA U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ADVANCED VEHICLE TESTING ACTIVITY PERFORMANCE STATISTICS Acceleration 0-50 mph At 100% SOC: 11.3...

258

Using Smart Meter Data to Develop Customer Insights  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Smart meter deployment in the United States has grown steadily in recent years, and market penetration will continue to increase. Globally, smart meters are evolving into a huge market. This flood of smart meter deployments has introduced a new quantitya significantly large amount of meter data, which could possibly be the single largest volume of data collected and managed by utilities. The potential benefits are significant, but many utilities are assessing methods to manage the volume of data being co...

2011-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

259

Insights on the Road to Performance Excellence November ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Will this partnership build capacity for all partners? Synergy. ... You need to have Acrobat Reader installed on your computer to view the PDF file. ...

2012-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

260

Strategic Insights on Security, Quality, Reliability, and Availability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report provides security criteria and performance metrics for assessing the electric power system. It is part of a larger project on the strategy for managing security, quality, reliability, and availability (SQRA) performance of electric power systems. The main focus of this update is measurement of the security component. It also addresses emerging North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) operating and planning standards and their roles in managing SQRA performance. This report is intend...

2005-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "insight inforum interindustry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Molecular Cell Mechanistic Insight into Site-Restricted  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

; . . . ; sng). Additional notation is introduced as needed. 3. Repelling inequalities and limiting properties

Babu, M. Madan

262

Continuous Opinion Dynamics: Insights through Interactive Markov Chains  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We reformulate the agent-based opinion dynamics models of Weisbuch-Deffuant and Hegselmann-Krause as interactive Markov chains. So we switch the scope from a finite number of n agents to a finite number of n opinion classes. Thus, we will look at an infinite population distributed to opinion classes instead of agents with real number opinions. The interactive Markov chains show similar dynamical behavior as the agent-based models: stabilization and clustering. Our framework leads to a discrete bifurcation diagram for each model which gives a good view on the driving forces and the attractive states of the system. The analysis shows that the emergence of minor clusters in the Weisbuch-Deffuant model and of meta-stable states with very slow convergence to consensus in the Hegselmann Krause model are intrinsic to the dynamical behavior.

Lorenz, Jan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Cross-cultural insights into climate change skepticism  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With an eye towards developing more effective climate change education, social scientists have attempted to diagnose the reasons for lingering public skepticism of anthropogenic climate change. But rarely is the question addressed with the benefit of ...

Peter Rudiak-Gould

264

Wet oxidation of stainless steels: New insights into hydrogen ingress  

SciTech Connect

detrimental effect. However, the complexities of tracking hydrogen in these materials have prevented the direct profiling of hydrogen ingress needed to understand these phenomena. Here we report hydrogen profiles in industrially-relevant alumina- and chromia-forming steels correlated with the local oxidemetal nano/microstructure by use of SIMS D2O tracer studies and experimental protocols to optimize D retention. The D profiles unexpectedly varied markedly among the alloys examined, which indicates mechanistic complexity but also the potential to mitigate detrimental water vapor effects by manipulation of alloy chemistry.

Brady, Michael P [ORNL; Fayek, Mostafa [University of Manitoba, Canada; Keiser, James R [ORNL; Meyer III, Harry M [ORNL; More, Karren Leslie [ORNL; Anovitz, Lawrence {Larry} M [ORNL; Wesolowski, David J [ORNL; Cole, David R [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Bir Umm Fawakhir: Insights into Ancient Egyptian Mining  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In particular, no written evidence has yet been recovered from the site aside from the dipinti, which are dockets painted in red on the shoulders of wine jars.

266

Tritiated Amorphous Silicon: Insights into the Staebler-Wronski Mechanism  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Hydrogen, though essential for device-quality amorphous silicon, likely contributes to the light-induced degradation process (Staebler-Wronski effect) that reduces the solar cell efficiency by about 4 absolute percent. We are testing the role of hydrogen by using its isotope tritium. When tritium bonded to Si spontaneously decays into inert helium-3, it should leave behind the Si dangling bond defect. We have studied degradation due to tritium and note its resemblance to the Staebler-Wronski effect. Surprisingly, 100x fewer defects are created than expected from the tritium decay rate, suggesting a mechanism that heals most of the defects, even at temperatures down to 4 K. We consider different mechanisms for the thermal and athermal healing processes (e.g. motion of hydrogen, effect of beta-electrons, decay of hydrogen-tritium molecules). Our findings shed new light on the degradation mechanism in a Si:H and help reveal the role of hydrogen and structural rearrangements near a newly created defect.

Stradins, P.; Branz, H. M.; Whitaker, J.; Viner, J.; Taylor, P. C.; Johnson, E.; Kherani, N.; Zukotynski, S.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Exhumation Of The Peruvian Andes; Insights From Mineral Chronometers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Arica Elbow (18 S). ???? McLaughlin, D.H. , 1924. Geologyv. 99, p. 13941-13956. McLaughlin, D.H. ,1984. Geology andSoc. 168, 10791092. McLaughlin, D.H. ,1984. Geology and

Michalak, Melanie

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Technology Insights and Perspectives for Nuclear Fuel Cycle Concepts  

SciTech Connect

The following report provides a rich resource of information for exploring fuel cycle characteristics. The most noteworthy trends can be traced back to the utilization efficiency of natural uranium resources. By definition, complete uranium utilization occurs only when all of the natural uranium resource can be introduced into the nuclear reactor long enough for all of it to undergo fission. Achieving near complete uranium utilization requires technologies that can achieve full recycle or at least nearly full recycle of the initial natural uranium consumed from the Earth. Greater than 99% of all natural uranium is fertile, and thus is not conducive to fission. This fact requires the fuel cycle to convert large quantities of non-fissile material into fissile transuranics. Step increases in waste benefits are closely related to the step increase in uranium utilization going from non-breeding fuel cycles to breeding fuel cycles. The amount of mass requiring a disposal path is tightly coupled to the quantity of actinides in the waste stream. Complete uranium utilization by definition means that zero (practically, near zero) actinide mass is present in the waste stream. Therefore, fuel cycles with complete (uranium and transuranic) recycle discharge predominately fission products with some actinide process losses. Fuel cycles without complete recycle discharge a much more massive waste stream because only a fraction of the initial actinide mass is burned prior to disposal. In a nuclear growth scenario, the relevant acceptable frequency for core damage events in nuclear reactors is inversely proportional to the number of reactors deployed in a fuel cycle. For ten times the reactors in a fleet, it should be expected that the fleet-average core damage frequency be decreased by a factor of ten. The relevant proliferation resistance of a fuel cycle system is enhanced with: decreasing reliance on domestic fuel cycle services, decreasing adaptability for technology misuse, enablement of material accountability, and decreasing material attractiveness.

S. Bays; S. Piet; N. Soelberg; M. Lineberry; B. Dixon

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Converting Methane to Methanol: Structural Insight into the Reaction...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Biology, Wayne State University, School of Medicine, Detroit, Michigan 48201, USA. Methane-oxidizing bacteria (methanotrophs) are extremely attractive from a chemist's...

270

'Insights of the Decade' Enabled by NERSC - NERSC Center News...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

in Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory's (Berkeley Lab's) National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC) and Computational Research Division (CRD). In their...

271

Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Honda Insight Fleet and Accelerated...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fact sheets and maintenance logs for these vehicles give detailed information such as miles driven, fuel economy, operations and maintenance requirements, operating costs,...

272

POLICY INSIGHT No. 24 Can Central Banks Go Broke?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Federal Reserve System has recently accepted exposure to a considerable amount of private sector credit risk, partly on its balance sheet, through the riskier collateral it now accepts at its discount window and in

Willem Buiter

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Vertebrate Membrane Proteins: Structure, Function, and Insights from Biophysical Approaches  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

produce multiple products used in signaling such as inositol-1,4,5-triphosphate, diacylglycerol and cardiovascular diseases are proinflammatory products of arachidonic acid de- rived from oxidation by 5 bond (4­5 kcal/mol), but these minor fluctuations can lead to productive catalytic events (Vendruscolo

Palczewski, Krzysztof

274

Supercomputer Provides Molecular Insight into Cellulose (Fact Sheet)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Groundbreaking research at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has used supercomputing simulations to calculate the work that enzymes must do to deconstruct cellulose, which is a fundamental step in biomass conversion technologies for biofuels production. NREL used the new high-performance supercomputer Red Mesa to conduct several million central processing unit (CPU) hours of simulation.

Not Available

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

New insights on geomagnetic storms from observations and modeling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Understanding the response at Earth of the Sun's varying energy output and forecasting geomagnetic activity is of central interest to space science, since intense geomagnetic storms may cause severe damages on technological systems and affect communications. Episodes of southward (Bzgeomagnetic conditions are associated either with coronal mass ejections (CMEs) and possess long and continuous negative IMF Bz excursions, or with high speed solar wind streams (HSS) whose geoeffectiveness is due to IMF Bz profiles fluctuating about zero with various amplitudes and duration. We show examples of ring current simulations during two geomagnetic storms representative of each interplanetary condition with our kinetic ring current atmosphere interactions model (RAM), and investigate the mechanisms responsible for trapping particles and for causing their loss. We find that periods of increased magnetospheric convection coinciding with enhancements of plasma sheet density are needed for strong ring current buildup. During the HSS-driven storm the convection potential is highly variable and causes small sporadic injections into the ring current. The long period of enhanced convection during the CME-driven storm causes a continuous ring current injection penetrating to lower L shells and stronger ring current buildup.

Jordanova, Vania K [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Strengthening insights into host responses to  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) and the Department of Computer Sci- ence at UBC for their kind technical support. I am particularly grateful to Dave Brent, Michael Sanderson, Teresa Gomez-D´iaz, Chris Majewski, Eric Schost, and Pierre Lafon. I would

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

277

Synchrotron plus Mass Spectrometer equals New Insights Into Combustion...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Unique analysis of the reaction of propene with oxygen atom reveals the influence of electron spin on combustion chemistry. Print Text Size: A A A Subscribe FeedbackShare Page...

278

Tongan Kinship Terminology: Insights from an Algebraic Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

terminology to atomic terms without gender or age attributesatomic and the compound terms, and their distribution according to the attributes gender and ageage (older and younger) as well as our distinction between an atomic

Bennardo, Giovanni; Read, Dwight W

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Embedded Atom Method Insight into the Phase Stability of Alloys  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Atomistic modeling of thermodynamic properties of Pu-Ga alloys based on the Invar ... Resources for the selection and use of interatomic potentials in atomistic ...

280

Can we trust the transgenic mouse? insights from computer simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Over the past several decades, the mouse has gained prominence in the cardiac electrophysiology literature as the animal model of choice. Using computer models of the mouse and human ECG, this paper is a step toward understanding when themouse succeeds ...

Joseph Tranquillo; Adhira Sunkara

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "insight inforum interindustry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

NEW INSIGHTS ON THE USE OF ETHANOL IN AUTOMOTIVE ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Atmospheric ethanol has been receiving increased attention due to its use as a biofuel or fuel additive and because of the alcohol's potential impact ...

282

Estimation of Persistence Lengths of Semiflexible Polymers: Insight from Simulations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The persistence length of macromolecules is one of their basic characteristics, describing their intrinsic local stiffness. However, it is difficult to extract this length from physical properties of the polymers, different recipes may give answers that disagree with each other. Monte Carlo simulations are used to elucidate this problem, giving a comparative discussion of two lattice models, the self-avoiding walk model extended by a bond bending energy, and bottle-brush polymers described by the bond fluctuation model. The conditions are discussed under which a description of such macromolecules by Kratky-Porod worm-like chains holds, and the question to what extent the persistence length depends on external conditions (such as solvent quality) is considered. The scattering function of semiflexible polymers is discussed in detail, a comparison to various analytic treatments is given, and an outlook to experimental work is presented.

Hsiao-Ping Hsu; Wolfgang Paul; Kurt Binder

2013-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

283

WNGSR provides insight into natural gas markets and the broader ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

EIA's Weekly Natural Gas Storage Report (WNGSR) measures how much natural gas is available for withdrawalworking natural gasin the Nation's underground storage ...

284

The Interpretation of XPS Spectra: Insights Into Materials Properties  

SciTech Connect

We review basic and advanced concepts needed for the correct analysis of XPS features. We place these concepts on rigorous foundations and explore their physical and chemical meanings without stressing the derivation of the mathematical formulations, which can be found in the cited literature. The significance and value of combining theory and experiment is demonstrated by discussions of the physical and chemical origins of the main and satellite XPS features for a variety of molecular and condensed phase materials.

Bagus, Paul S.; Ilton, Eugene S.; Nelin, Constance J.

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Insights on the Road to Performance Excellence March 2012  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... They convey positive energy. ... A few years after the program started, we added learning to our definition of performance excellence. ...

2012-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

286

Insights on the Road to Performance Excellence May 2013  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... senior leadership commitment is to organizational sustainability, balancing short-term financial needs with longer-term investment for sustainability ...

2013-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

287

Social network theory: new insights and issues for behavioral ecologists  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

suggests that a groups SNS should have important effects onshift in the overall group SNS towards reduced interaction (SNT involves analyses of how SNS influences flow, e.g. , of

Sih, Andrew; Hanser, Sean F.; McHugh, Katherine A.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

New imaging technique provides improved insight into controlling...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Phone: 609-243-2755 Download Select and View High Resolution Images to Download Learn More Fusion energy Fusion reactor design ITER Nuclear energy Plasma diagnostics Tokamaks...

289

New imaging technique provides improved insight into controlling...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Phone: 609-243-2755 Download Select and View High Resolution Images to Download Learn More Fusion energy Fusion reactor design ITER Nuclear energy Plasma diagnostics Plasma physics...

290

Nanotwins in Nanocrystalline Mg Alloys: An Insight from High ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Characterisation of Nano-scaled Precipitates in a Peak Aged Mg-8Gd-2Dy Alloy ... of Nanostructured AZ91D Magnesium Alloy Under Oil-Lubricated Conditions.

291

Anthropological Insights in the Delivery of Health Services in Nepal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The impact of environment and genetic factors are further additive one which complicate the situation. Some of the studies done by some anthropologists also reveal that non-availability of safe drinking water, proper sanitation and hygiene coupled... micronutrients (such as iron, vitamin A, calcium and iodine) as well as the inadequate intake of calories and proteins remain important reasons for the lack of better health. Environmental factors are barriers in achieving better health, It is estimated that only...

Regmi, Rishikeshab Raj

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

New Tool Provides Insights into How Materials Transfer Heat  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Posted on: 05/27/2013. Researchers from the University Toronto and Carnegie Mellon University recently investigated a new tool to measure the thermal and...

293

Insights on the Road to Performance Excellence October 2011  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... with cheese stuck in his nose; soon after this, the company's stock lost 10 ... Only when you take a step back and get the 30,000-foot-high view do you ...

2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

294

RATES AND RELIABILITY: INSIGHTS INTO THE NEW YORK ELECTRICITY MARKET .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The lowering of rates for consumers and the continuing reliability of service were two of the major goals that the New York Public Service Commission (more)

Videbaek, Steen

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Voices of Experience: New Guide Offers Utilities' Insights on...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

vendors, regulators, consumer advocates, and other stakeholders from across the electricity industry, utilities discussed their experiences with creating effective...

296

New Insight into Gridded Inertial Electrostatic Confinement (IEC) Fusion Devices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Alternate Concepts & Magnets / Proceedings of the Nineteenth Topical Meeting on the Technology of Fusion Energy (TOFE) (Part 2)

G. L. Kulcinski et al.

297

Insights from reconstructing cellular networks in transcription, stress, and cancer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

M. & Ghosh, S. Crosstalk in NF-kB signaling pathways. Natcomprehensive characterization of NF-kB family DNA binding.12 CHAPTER 1 NF-kB

Ke, Eugene Yunghung; Ke, Eugene Yunghung

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Estuarine Boundary Layer Mixing Processes: Insights from Dye Experiments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A series of dye releases in the Hudson River estuary elucidated diapycnal mixing rates and temporal variability over tidal and fortnightly time scales. Dye was injected in the bottom boundary layer for each of four releases during different ...

Robert J. Chant; Wayne R. Geyer; Robert Houghton; Elias Hunter; James Lerczak

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Insights on the Road to Performance Excellence September ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... How does your strategic planning process address ... (2) Strategy Considerations How do you ensure that strategic planning addresses the ...

2013-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

300

Insights on the Road to Performance Excellence October 2010  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... A nameJuliet explainsdoes not change ... covering everything from leadership, strategic planning, and knowledge ... who we are and what we do. ...

2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "insight inforum interindustry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Insights on the Road to Performance Excellence May 2011  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... that this kind of focused assessment does not allow ... Do a full self-assessment against all the ... Use the feedback in your strategic planning process. ...

2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

302

The ICSI SSL Notary: Lesssons and Insights from a Large ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Top ciphers Google TLS_RSA_WITH_RC4_128_MD5 ... Comodo: certificates for google, mozilla, live.com, login.yahoo.com www.google.com ...

2013-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

303

Insights on the Road to Performance Excellence September ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The second trigger was a story I read about Google's communications with employees, which included one-page updates/information sheets ...

2013-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

304

Innovation pathways in technology intensive government organizations : insights from NASA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Despite a rich legacy of impressive technological accomplishments (e.g., project Apollo, the Hubble Space Telescope) in recent years, the ability of government space agencies to deliver on their promises has increasingly ...

Szajnfarber, Zoe

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: ecoInsight Energy Audit...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tools by Country Australia Austria Belarus Belgium Brazil Canada Chile China Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany India Ireland Israel Italy Japan Netherlands New Zealand...

306

Local control stations: Human engineering issues and insights  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this research project was to evaluate current human engineering at local control stations (LCSs) in nuclear power plants, and to identify good human engineering practices relevant to the design of these operator interfaces. General literature and reports of operating experience were reviewed to determine the extent and type of human engineering deficiencies at LCSs in nuclear power plants. In-plant assessments were made of human engineering at single-function as well as multifunction LCSs. Besides confirming the existence of human engineering deficiencies at LCSs, the in-plant assessments provided information about the human engineering upgrades that have been made at nuclear power plants. Upgrades were typically the result of any of three influences regulatory activity, broad industry initiatives such as INPO, and specific in-plant programs (e.g. activities related to training). It is concluded that the quality of LCSs is quite variable and might be improved if there were greater awareness of good practices and existing human engineering guidance relevant to these operator interfaces, which is available from a variety of sources. To make such human engineering guidance more readily accessible, guidelines were compiled from such sources and included in the report as an appendix.

Brown, W.S.; Higgins, J.C.; O`Hara, J.M. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States)

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Insights on the Road to Performance Excellence May 2012  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... You need to have them on board because they will be partners in the generation and consumption of your innovations. ...

2012-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

308

Insights on Ag and Cs Diffusion in SiC  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

CASL: The Consortium for Advanced Simulation of Light Water Reactors: A U.S. ... Strategies for Studying High Dose Irradiation Effects in Reactor Components.

309

On the Scientific Contributions and Insight of Professor Yale Mintz  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Professor Yale Mintz's contributions in combining theory, diagnostic analysis, and modeling in scientific studies across a broad range of interests over more than four decades are reviewed. His studies include diagnostic analysis of the general ...

Donald R. Johnson; Akio Arakawa

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Genomic insights into salt adaptation in a desert poplar  

SciTech Connect

Despite the high economic and ecological importance of forests, our knowledge of the genomic evolution of trees under salt stress remains very limited. Here we report the genome sequence of the desert poplar, Populus euphratica, which exhibits high tolerance to sa lt stress. Its genome is very similar and collinear to that of the closely related mesophytic congener, P trichocarpa. However, we find that several gene families likely to be involved in tolerance to salt stress contain significantly more gene copies within the P euphratica lineage. Furthermore, genes showing evidence of positive selection are significantly enriched in functional categories related to salt stress. Some of these genes, and others within the same categories, are significantly upregulated under salt stress relative to their expression in another salt-sensitive poplar. Our results provide an important background for understanding tree adaptation to salt stress and facilitating the genetic improvement of cultivated poplars for saline soils.

Ma, Tao [Lanzhou Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences] [Lanzhou Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences; Wang, Junyi [BGI-Shenzhen, China] [BGI-Shenzhen, China; Zhou, Gongke [Key laboratory of Biofuels and Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Energy Genetics, Qingdao Instit] [Key laboratory of Biofuels and Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Energy Genetics, Qingdao Instit; Yue, Zhen [BGI-Shenzhen, China] [BGI-Shenzhen, China; Hu, Quanjun [State Key Laboratory of Grassland Agro-Ecosystem, Lanzhou University] [State Key Laboratory of Grassland Agro-Ecosystem, Lanzhou University; Chen, Yan [BGI-Shenzhen, China] [BGI-Shenzhen, China; Liu, Bingbing [State Key Laboratory of Grassland Agro-Ecosystem, Lanzhou University] [State Key Laboratory of Grassland Agro-Ecosystem, Lanzhou University; Qiu, Qiang [State Key Laboratory of Grassland Agro-Ecosystem, Lanzhou University] [State Key Laboratory of Grassland Agro-Ecosystem, Lanzhou University; Wang, Zhuo [BGI-Shenzhen, China] [BGI-Shenzhen, China; Zhang, Jian [State Key Laboratory of Grassland Agro-Ecosystem, Lanzhou University] [State Key Laboratory of Grassland Agro-Ecosystem, Lanzhou University; Wang, Kun [State Key Laboratory of Grassland Agro-Ecosystem, Lanzhou University] [State Key Laboratory of Grassland Agro-Ecosystem, Lanzhou University; Jaing, Dechun [State Key Laboratory of Grassland Agro-Ecosystem, Lanzhou University] [State Key Laboratory of Grassland Agro-Ecosystem, Lanzhou University; Gou, Caiyun [BGI-Shenzhen, China] [BGI-Shenzhen, China; Yu, Lili [BGI-Shenzhen, China] [BGI-Shenzhen, China; Zhan, Dongliang [BGI-Shenzhen, China] [BGI-Shenzhen, China; Zhou, Ran [State Key Laboratory of Grassland Agro-Ecosystem, Lanzhou University] [State Key Laboratory of Grassland Agro-Ecosystem, Lanzhou University; Luo, Wenchun [State Key Laboratory of Grassland Agro-Ecosystem, Lanzhou University] [State Key Laboratory of Grassland Agro-Ecosystem, Lanzhou University; Ma, Hui [State Key Laboratory of Grassland Agro-Ecosystem, Lanzhou University] [State Key Laboratory of Grassland Agro-Ecosystem, Lanzhou University; Yang, Yongzhi [State Key Laboratory of Grassland Agro-Ecosystem, Lanzhou University] [State Key Laboratory of Grassland Agro-Ecosystem, Lanzhou University; Pan, Shengkai [BGI-Shenzhen, China] [BGI-Shenzhen, China; Fang, Dongming [BGI-Shenzhen, China] [BGI-Shenzhen, China; Luo, Yadan [BGI-Shenzhen, China] [BGI-Shenzhen, China; Wang, Xia [State Key Laboratory of Grassland Agro-Ecosystem, Lanzhou University] [State Key Laboratory of Grassland Agro-Ecosystem, Lanzhou University; Wang, Gaini [State Key Laboratory of Grassland Agro-Ecosystem, Lanzhou University] [State Key Laboratory of Grassland Agro-Ecosystem, Lanzhou University; Wang, Juan [State Key Laboratory of Grassland Agro-Ecosystem, Lanzhou University] [State Key Laboratory of Grassland Agro-Ecosystem, Lanzhou University; Wang, Qian [State Key Laboratory of Grassland Agro-Ecosystem, Lanzhou University] [State Key Laboratory of Grassland Agro-Ecosystem, Lanzhou University; Lu, Xu [State Key Laboratory of Grassland Agro-Ecosystem, Lanzhou University] [State Key Laboratory of Grassland Agro-Ecosystem, Lanzhou University; Chen, Zhe [BGI-Shenzhen, China] [BGI-Shenzhen, China; Liu, Jinchao [BGI-Shenzhen, China] [BGI-Shenzhen, China; Lu, Yao [BGI-Shenzhen, China] [BGI-Shenzhen, China; Yin, Ye [BGI-Shenzhen, China] [BGI-Shenzhen, China; Yang, Huanming [BGI-Shenzhen, China] [BGI-Shenzhen, China; Abbott, Richard [School of Biology, University of St. Andrews, St andrews, Fife KY16 9TH, UK] [School of Biology, University of St. Andrews, St andrews, Fife KY16 9TH, UK; Wu, Yuxia [State Key Laboratory of Grassland Agro-Ecosystem, Lanzhou University] [State Key Laboratory of Grassland Agro-Ecosystem, Lanzhou University; Wan, Dongshi [State Key Laboratory of Grassland Agro-Ecosystem, Lanzhou University] [State Key Laboratory of Grassland Agro-Ecosystem, Lanzhou University; Li, Jia [State Key Laboratory of Grassland Agro-Ecosystem, Lanzhou University] [State Key Laboratory of Grassland Agro-Ecosystem, Lanzhou University

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Exhumation Of The Peruvian Andes; Insights From Mineral Chronometers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

display different source rocks, elevations and relief withinfor detrital sources, the metamorphic basement rocks of themagmatic arc rocks were primary sources for RM07-5, a

Michalak, Melanie

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Insights on the Road to Performance Excellence June/July ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... According to a report from InSite Consulting released in June of this year, 80% of American companies use Facebook, 45% have Twitter accounts ...

2012-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

313

Insights on the Road to Performance Excellence January ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... In her article, Leslie Gaines-Ross makes the point that anyone with a personal computer and access to blogs, Facebook, Twitter, or YouTube can ...

2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

314

INSIGHT: a distributed monitoring system for tracking continuous queries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A distributed monitoring framework can serve as an important building block for constructing large-scale data aggregation and continuous event monitoring applications, such as IP traffic monitoring (DDoS attacks), network anomaly detection ...

Navendu Jain; Praveen Yalagandula; Mike Dahlin; Yin Zhang

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

New Insights into Solar Wind Physics from SOHO  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) was launched in December 1995 with a suite of instruments designed to answer long-standing questions about the Sun's internal structure, its extensive outer atmosphere, and the solar wind. This paper reviews the new understanding of the physical processes responsible for the solar wind that have come from the past 8 years of SOHO observations, analysis, and theoretical work. For example, the UVCS instrument on SOHO has revealed the acceleration region of the fast solar wind to be far from simple thermal equilibrium. Evidence for preferential acceleration of ions, 100 million K ion temperatures, and marked departures from Maxwellian velocity distributions all point to specific types of collisionless heating processes. The slow solar wind, typically associated with bright helmet streamers, has been found to share some of the nonthermal characteristics of the fast wind. Abundance measurements from spectroscopy and visible-light coronagraphic movies from LASCO have led to a better census of the plasma components making up the slow wind. The origins of the solar wind in the photosphere and chromosphere have been better elucidated with disk spectroscopy from the SUMER and CDS instruments. Finally, the impact of the solar wind on spacecraft systems, ground-based technology, and astronauts has been greatly aided by having continuous solar observations at the Earth-Sun L1 point, and SOHO has set a strong precedent for future studies of space weather.

Steven R. Cranmer

2004-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

316

Pioneering work, economic factors provide insights into Russian drilling technology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In Russia and America, individual ingenuity and economic forces have produced a variety of drilling technologies, resulting in the development of disparate drilling systems. Endeavors by the US Department of Energy, the Gas Research Institute, Sandia Laboratories, and private industry have promoted exchanges of knowledge since the 1980s, and now that the barriers to technology transfer are being lifted, engineers from both countries have the opportunity to exchange knowledge and incorporate the best of both. The Russian drilling industry, like the Russian space program, has achieved tremendous success in implementing product and process innovations including the first directional (1940s), horizontal (1950s), and multilateral (1950s) wells. In addition, Russian engineers built the first turbodrills, electrodrills, novel drills (lasers, explosives), aluminum drill pipe, downhole electric submersible pumps, and mud hammers. This first part of a two-part series describes the achievements of Russian engineers in horizontal and multilateral drilling technologies followed by a discussion of the economic differences that led Russian and American drillers to develop dissimilar drilling systems. The second part describes a variety of innovative Russian technologies and provides details on the technical advantages they offer for the drilling process.

Gaddy, D.E.

1998-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

317

Insights on the Road to Performance Excellence April 2012  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... with multiple hospitals and many additional service offerings (Henry Ford Health System), a customer-owned health cooperative serving many ...

2012-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

318

Computing Enables New Insights into Generating Power Like the...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

powers stars like our Sun, the world could have an inexhaustible energy source. In theory, scientists could produce a steady stream of fusion energy on Earth by heating up two...

319

Insights and Early Results from the Pecan Street Consortium's...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

members of its University of Texas-based consortium have conducted nationally significant smart grid field trials focused on consumer products. Through these field trials, the...

320

The Fifth Richard Tapia Celebration of Diversity in Computing Conference: Intellect, Initiatives, Insight, and Innovations: Intellect, Initiatives, Insight, and Innovations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We're honored to welcome you to the fifth Richard Tapia Celebration of Diversity in Computing Conference, and our first event in the Pacific Northwest. Your involvement is critical to the success of the conference, and we encourage you to attend the ...

Nina Berry

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "insight inforum interindustry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Long-Term U.S. Energy Outlook: Different Perspectives  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Paul Holtberg, Moderator Paul Holtberg, Moderator April 26, 2011 | Washington, D.C. Long-Term U.S. Energy Outlook: Different Perspectives Speakers 2 Paul Holtberg, 2011 EIA Energy Conference Washington, D.C., April 26, 2011 * John Conti, Assistant Administrator of Energy Analysis, Energy Information Administration * Mark Finley, General Manager, Global Energy Markets and U.S. Economics, BP * Douglas Meade, Director of Research, INFORUM Forecasts/projections and uncertainty 3 Paul Holtberg, 2011 EIA Energy Conference Washington, D.C., April 26, 2011 * Forecast or projections? * Know your analyst * Tools * Uncertainty - Basic underlying trends (e.g., population growth, economic growth, social norms) - Technology (e.g., new technologies, improved technology, breakthroughs vs. evolutionary, new applications)

322

The Gas/Electric Partnership  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The electric and gas industries are each in the process of restructuring and "converging" toward one mission: providing energy. Use of natural gas in generating electric power and use of electricity in transporting natural gas will increase as this occurs. Through an Electric Power Research Institute initiative, an inter-industry organization, the Gas/Electric Partnership, has formed between the electric utilities and gas pipelines. The initial focus of this partnership is to explore issues of culture, technology, and economics in using electric motor driven compressors for moving gas to market.

Schmeal, W. R.; Royall, D.; Wrenn, K. F. Jr.

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

INSIGHTS FROM LABORATORY AND AIRBORNE BRDF MEASUREMENTS FOR SATELLITE REMOTE SENSING  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Aerosols and Aerosols and Surface Optical Properties from Airborne Spectral Measurements of Directional Reflectance C.K.Gatebe 1,2 & M.D. King, 2,3 Collaborators: O. Dubovik, 4 A.Sinyuk, 2,5 P. Russell, 6 J. Redemann 6 Acknowledgements: G.T. Arnold (SSAI & GSFC) Gala Wind (SSAI & GSFC) Rajesh Poudyal (SSAI & GSFC) Hal Maring & Andy Roberts (NASA HQ) 1 University of Maryland, Baltimore County 2 NASA Goddard Space Flight Center 3 University of Colorado 4 Laboratoire d'Optique Atmosphérique 5 Science Systems and Applications Inc. 6 NASA Ames Research Center Background: CAR Airborne Platforms 1998-2008 NASA P-3B Convair CV-580 Aerocommander 690A Jetstream-31 AATS SSFR/BBR SSFR CAR The NASA P-3B 2008 BBR CAR Time CAR Quicklook Image 2008 http://car.gsfc.nasa.gov/data/ BRDF Measurements

324

Masers and the Massive Star Formation Process: New Insights Through Infrared Observations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Our mid-infrared and near-infrared surveys over the last five years have helped to strengthen and clarify the relationships between water, methanol, and OH masers and the star formation process. Our surveys show that maser emission seems to be more closely associated with mid-infrared emission than cm radio continuum emission from UC HII regions. We find that masers of all molecular species surveyed trace a wide variety of phenomena and show a proclivity for linear distributions. The vast majority of these linear distributions can be explained by outflows or shocks, and in general do not appear to trace circumstellar disks as was previously thought. Some water and methanol masers that are not associated with radio continuum emission appear to trace infrared-bright hot cores, the earliest observable stage of massive stellar life before the onset of a UC HII region.

James M. De Buizer; James T. Radomski; Charles M. Telesco; Robert K. Pina

2005-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

325

THE EARLY CAMBRIAN PROBLEMATIC FOSSIL VOLBORTHELLA: NEW INSIGHTS FROM THE BASIN AND RANGE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

). Most recently, it has been hypothesized to be the spicules of a larger, armored bilaterian animal

Waggoner, Ben

326

Work in progress - using insights from non-engineers to help develop laboratory projects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A group from engineering programs at both four and two year colleges has been assembled to explore creating laboratory modules with an emphasis on activities and perspectives shown to be successful in technological literacy courses for nonengineering ... Keywords: engineering for all students, engineering for non-engineers, introduction to engineering, technological literacy

John Krupczak; Kate Disney; Scott VanderStoep

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Capture barrier distributions: some insights and details Institut Pluridisciplinaire Hubert Curien (UMR 7178: CNRS/ULP),  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to superheavy-element cre- ation by cold fusion, the concept of a distribution of ex- ternal Coulomb barriers nucleus (CN). This we refer to as "fusion". The CN will then cool by the emission of light parti- cles CN for- mation. Furthermore the CN itself may fission (fusion- fission; FF). Thus the experimental

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

328

Molecular insights on the solvent effect of methanol additive in glycine polymorph selection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In an effort to improve control and design in organic crystallization, the effect of solvent on polymorph selection has gained tremendous interest in recent years. In this thesis, molecular simulation techniques are used ...

Patala, Srikanth

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Motivating Private Precaution with Public Programs: Insights from a Local Earthquake Mitigation Ordinance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the successful and cheap public-private partnership event ofor behavior in public or private institutions likeTotal Estimated Public Costs Private cost of completed

Rabinovici, Sharyl Jean Marie

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

How learners use awareness cues about their peer's knowledge?: insights from synchronized eye-tracking data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In an empirical study, eye-gaze patterns of pairs of students were recorded and analyzed in a remote situation where they had to build a concept map collaboratively. They were provided (or not), with a knowledge awareness tool that provided learner A ...

Mirweis Sangin; Galle Molinari; Marc-Antoine Nssli; Pierre Dillenbourg

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Dust-penetrated arm classes: insights from rising and falling rotation curves  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Propulsion Labo- ratory, California Institute of Technology, under contract with the National Aeronautics and Space

Seigar, M S; Block, D L; Puerari, I; Chorney, N E; James, P A

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Sensitivity of Arctic Climate Variability to Mean State: Insights from the Cretaceous  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study investigates Arctic climate variability during a period of extreme warmth using the CCSM3 coupled ocean-atmosphere general circulation model. Four mid-Cretaceous simulations were completed with different CO2 levels (1x, 10x, and 16x pre-...

Christopher J. Poulsen; Jing Zhou

333

Genome sequence of the brown Norway rat yields insights into mammalian evolution  

SciTech Connect

The laboratory rat (Rattus norvegicus) is an indispensable tool in experimental medicine and drug development, having made inestimable contributions to human health. We report here the genome sequence of the Brown Norway (BN) rat strain. The sequence represents a high-quality 'draft' covering over 90 percent of the genome. The BN rat sequence is the third complete mammalian genome to be deciphered, and three-way comparisons with the human and mouse genomes resolve details of mammalian evolution. This first comprehensive analysis includes genes and proteins and their relation to human disease, repeated sequences, comparative genome-wide studies of mammalian orthologous chromosomal regions and rearrangement breakpoints, reconstruction of ancestral karyotypes and the events leading to existing species, rates of variation, and lineage-specific and lineage-independent evolutionary events such as expansion of gene families, orthology relations and protein evolution.

Gibbs, Richard A.; Weinstock, George M.; Metzker, Michael L.; Muzny, Donna M.; Sodergren, Erica J.; Scherer, Steven; Scott, Graham; Steffen, David; Worley, Kim C.; Burch, Paula E.; Okwuonu, Geoffrey; Hines, Sandra; Lewis, Lora; DeRamo, Christine; Delgado, Oliver; Dugan-Rocha, Shannon; Miner, George; Morgan, Margaret; Hawes, Alicia; Gill, Rachel; Holt, Robert A.; Adams, Mark D.; Amanatides, Peter G.; Baden-Tillson, Holly; Barnstead, Mary; Chin, Soo; Evans, Cheryl A.; Ferriera, Steven; Fosler, Carl; Glodek, Anna; Gu, Zhiping; Jennings, Don; Kraft, Cheryl L.; Nguyen, Trixie; Pfannkoch, Cynthia M.; Sitter, Cynthia; Sutton, Granger G.; Venter, J. Craig; Woodage, Trevor; Smith, Douglas; Lee, Hong-Maei; Gustafson, Erik; Cahill, Patrick; Kana, Arnold; Doucette-Stamm, Lynn; Weinstock, Keith; Fechtel, Kim; Weiss, Robert B.; Dunn, Diane M.; Green, Eric D.; Blakesley, Robert W.; Bouffard, Gerard G.; de Jong, Pieter J.; Osoegawa, Kazutoyo; Zhu, Baoli; Marra, Marco; Schein, Jacqueline; Bosdet, Ian; Fjell, Chris; Jones, Steven; Krzywinski, Martin; Mathewson, Carrie; Siddiqui, Asim; Wye, Natasja; McPherson, John; Zhao, Shaying; Fraser, Claire M.; Shetty, Jyoti; Shatsman, Sofiya; Geer, Keita; Chen, Yixin; Abramzon, Sofyia; Nierman, William C.; Havlak, Paul H.; Chen, Rui; Durbin, K. James; Egan, Amy; Ren, Yanru; Song, Xing-Zhi; Li, Bingshan; Liu, Yue; Qin, Xiang; Cawley, Simon; Cooney, A.J.; D'Souza, Lisa M.; Martin, Kirt; Wu, Jia Qian; Gonzalez-Garay, Manuel L.; Jackson, Andrew R.; Kalafus, Kenneth J.; McLeod, Michael P.; Milosavljevic, Aleksandar; Virk, Davinder; Volkov, Andrei; Wheeler, David A.; Zhang, Zhengdong; Bailey, Jeffrey A.; Eichler, Evan E.; Tuzun, Eray; Birney, Ewan; Mongin, Emmanuel; Ureta-Vidal, Abel; Woodwark, Cara; Zdobnov, Evgeny; Bork, Peer; Suyama, Mikita; Torrents, David; Alexandersson, Marina; Trask, Barbara J.; Young, Janet M.; et al.

2004-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

334

Russias R&D for Low Energy Buildings: Insights for Cooperation with Russia  

SciTech Connect

Russian buildings, Russian buildings sector energy consumption. Russian government has made R&D investment a priority again. The government and private sector both invest in a range of building energy technologies. In particular, heating, ventilation and air conditioning, district heating, building envelope, and lighting have active technology research projects and programs in Russia.

Schaaf, Rebecca E.; Evans, Meredydd

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Molecular Chemistry to the Fore: New Insights into the Fascinating World of Photoactive Colloidal Semiconductor Nanocrystals  

SciTech Connect

Colloidal semiconductor nanocrystals possess unique properties that are unmatched by other chromophores such as organic dyes or transition-metal complexes. These versatile building blocks have generated much scientific interest and found applications in bioimaging, tracking, lighting, lasing, photovoltaics, photocatalysis, thermoelectrics, and spintronics. Despite these advances, important challenges remain, notably how to produce semiconductor nanostructures with predetermined architecture, how to produce metastable semiconductor nanostructures that are hard to isolate by conventional syntheses, and how to control the degree of surface loading or valence per nanocrystal. Molecular chemists are very familiar with these issues and can use their expertise to help solve these challenges. In this Perspective, we present our groups recent work on bottom-up molecular control of nanoscale composition and morphology, low-temperature photochemical routes to semiconductor heterostructures and metastable phases, solar-to-chemical energy conversion with semiconductor-based photocatalysts, and controlled surface modification of colloidal semiconductors that bypasses ligand exchange.

Vela-Becerra, Javier [Ames Laboratory

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Circuit Breaker Component and Subsystem Performance Maintenance Insights for Pumps and Compressors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This technical update presents initial results of investigations of issues concerning transmission-class circuit breaker pump and compressor maintenance and possible improvements in materials and practices that could improve maintenance effectiveness.The life-cycle performance of a high-voltage circuit breaker is, to a large degree, determined by the performance of the materials and components that make up the complete breaker. The rates of deterioration of components such as compressors ...

2012-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

337

Information technology as a change actant in sustainability innovation: Insights from Uppsala  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study investigates the effects of a sustainability initiative in a Swedish municipality viewed through the lens of actor network theory. The focus is on the consequences of committing to the implementation of a reporting and analysis system for ... Keywords: Action research, Actor network theory, Case study, Green IT, Literature review, Sustainability information system

Fredrik Bengtsson; Pr J. gerfalk

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Strategic Insight Electoral Survival of the Most Corrupt? Azerbaijan, Georgia, and American Regional Goals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

California. The views expressed here are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the views

Barak A. Salmoni

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

To Recycle or Not to Recycle: That Is the Question - Insights from Life-Cycle Analysis  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

MRS BULLETIN MRS BULLETIN * VOLUME 37 * APRIL 2012 * www.mrs.org/bulletin © 2012 Materials Research Society MANUFACTURING * RECYCLING Why recycle? The most commonly stated reason for recycling is to reduce burdens associated with the disposal of our never-ending stream of wastes. Waste disposal potentially causes air and water pollution and is costly; moreover, landfi lls compete with other land uses. In addition, recycling can extend our supply of materials to alleviate scarcity and to moderate rising prices of raw materials. Furthermore, recycling is often more environmentally benign than using virgin raw materials and can reduce energy use and emissions of greenhouse gases and other pollutants. Life-cycle analysis Despite these positive attributes, not all recycling processes

340

Designing productive spaces for mobile workers: Role insights from network analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Workspace design has not been keeping up with the evolving needs of mobile workers. Although the economic benefits of mobile work have been expanding for companies, few companies have mobile worker strategies that seriously address how new ways of working ... Keywords: Mobile workforce, knowledge management, mobile worker roles, physical work environments, value network analysis, workplace collaboration

Camille Venezia; Verna Allee; Oliver Schwabe

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "insight inforum interindustry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Structure of an aprataxin?DNA complex with insights into AOA1 neurodegenerative disease  

SciTech Connect

DNA ligases finalize DNA replication and repair through DNA nick-sealing reactions that can abort to generate cytotoxic 5'-adenylation DNA damage. Aprataxin (Aptx) catalyzes direct reversal of 5'-adenylate adducts to protect genome integrity. Here the structure of a Schizosaccharomyces pombe Aptx-DNA-AMP-Zn{sup 2+} complex reveals active site and DNA interaction clefts formed by fusing a histidine triad (HIT) nucleotide hydrolase with a DNA minor groove-binding C{sub 2}HE zinc finger (Znf). An Aptx helical 'wedge' interrogates the base stack for sensing DNA ends or DNA nicks. The HIT-Znf, the wedge and an '[F/Y]PK' pivot motif cooperate to distort terminal DNA base-pairing and direct 5'-adenylate into the active site pocket. Structural and mutational data support a wedge-pivot-cut HIT-Znf catalytic mechanism for 5'-adenylate adduct recognition and removal and suggest that mutations affecting protein folding, the active site pocket and the pivot motif underlie Aptx dysfunction in the neurodegenerative disorder ataxia with oculomotor apraxia 1 (AOA1).

Tumbale, Percy; Appel, C. Denise; Kraehenbuehl, Rolf; Robertson, Patrick D.; Williams, Jessica S.; Krahn, Joe; Ahel, Ivan; Williams, R. Scott (NIEHS); (Manchester)

2012-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

342

Comparative analysis of tandem repeats from hundreds of species reveals unique insights into centromere evolution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

our pipeline (upper limit of 2 kbp or half the length of apipeline that identifies tandem repeats from a vari- ety of sequencing technologies with different read lengths (

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

The Influence of Dissolved hydrogen on Nickel Alloy SCC: A Window to Fundamental Insight  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Prior stress corrosion crack growth rate (SCCGR) testing of nickel alloys as a function of the aqueous hydrogen concentration (i.e., the concentration of hydrogen dissolved in the water) has identified different functionalities at 338 and 360 C. These SCCGR dependencies have been uniquely explained in terms of the stability of nickel oxide. The present work evaluates whether the influence of aqueous hydrogen concentration on SCCGR is fundamentally due to effects on hydrogen absorption and/or corrosion kinetics. Hydrogen permeation tests were conducted to measure hydrogen pickup in and transport through the metal. Repassivation tests were performed in an attempt to quantify the corrosion kinetics. The aqueous hydrogen concentration dependency of these fundamental parameters (hydrogen permeation, repassivation) has been used to qualitatively evaluate the film-rupture/oxidation (FRO) and hydrogen assisted cracking (HAC) SCC mechanisms. This paper discusses the conditions that must be imposed upon these mechanisms to describe the known nickel alloy SCCGR aqueous hydrogen concentration functionality. Specifically, the buildup of hydrogen within Alloy 600 (measured through permeability) does not exhibit the same functionality as SCC with respect to the aqueous hydrogen concentration. This result implies that if HAC is the dominant SCC mechanism, then corrosion at isolated active path regions (i.e., surface initiation sites or cracks) must be the source of localized elevated detrimental hydrogen. Repassivation tests showed little temperature sensitivity over the range of 204 to 360 C. This result implies that for either the FRO or the HAC mechanism, corrosion processes (e.g., at a crack tip, in the crack wake, or on surfaces external to the crack) cannot by themselves explain the strong temperature dependence of nickel alloy SCC.

D.S. Morton; S.A. Attanasio; G.A. Young; P.L. Andresen; T.M. Angeliu

2000-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

344

Insights Gained from Ultrasonic Testing of Piping Welds Subjected to the Mechanical Stress Improvement Process  

SciTech Connect

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) is assisting the United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) in developing a position on the management of primary water stress corrosion cracking (PWSCC) in leak-before-break piping systems. Part of this involves determining whether inspections alone, or inspections plus mitigation, are needed. This work addresses the reliability of ultrasonic testing (UT) of cracks that have been mitigated by the mechanical stress improvement process (MSIP). The MSIP has been approved by the NRC (NUREG-0313) since 1986 and modifies residual stresses remaining after welding with compressive, or neutral, stresses near the inner diameter surface of the pipe. This compressive stress is thought to arrest existing cracks and inhibit new crack formation. To evaluate the effectiveness of the MSIP and the reliability of ultrasonic inspections, flaws were evaluated both before and after MSIP application. An initial investigation was based on data acquired from cracked areas in 325-mm-diameter piping at the Ignalina Nuclear Power Plant (INPP) in Lithuania. In a follow-on exercise, PNNL acquired and evaluated similar UT data from a dissimilar metal weld (DMW) specimen containing implanted thermal fatigue cracks. The DMW specimen is a carbon steel nozzle-to-safe end-to-stainless steel pipe section that simulates a pressurizer surge nozzle. The flaws were implanted in the nozzle-to-safe end Alloy 82/182 butter region. Results are presented on the effects of MSIP on specimen surfaces, and on UT flaw responses.

Anderson, Michael T.; Cinson, Anthony D.; Crawford, Susan L.; Diaz, Aaron A.; Moran, Traci L.

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Porosity of coal and shale: Insights from gas adsorption and SANS/USANS techniques  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two Pennsylvanian coal samples (Spr326 and Spr879-IN1) and two Upper Devonian-Mississippian shale samples (MM1 and MM3) from the Illinois Basin were studied with regard to their porosity and pore accessibility. Shale samples are early mature stage as indicated by vitrinite reflectance (R{sub o}) values of 0.55% for MM1 and 0.62% for MM3. The coal samples studied are of comparable maturity to the shale samples, having vitrinite reflectance of 0.52% (Spr326) and 0.62% (Spr879-IN1). Gas (N{sub 2} and CO{sub 2}) adsorption and small-angle and ultrasmall-angle neutron scattering techniques (SANS/USANS) were used to understand differences in the porosity characteristics of the samples. The results demonstrate that there is a major difference in mesopore (2-50 nm) size distribution between the coal and shale samples, while there was a close similarity in micropore (coal is pore-size specific and can vary significantly between coal samples; also, higher accessibility corresponds to higher adsorption capacity. Accessibility of pores in shale samples is low.

Mastalerz, Maria [Indiana Geological Survey; He, Lilin [ORNL; Melnichenko, Yuri B [ORNL; Rupp, John A [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

New insights into microbial responses to oil spills from the Deepwater Horizon incident  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On April 20, 2010, a catastrophic eruption of methane caused the Deepwater Horizon exploratory drill rig drilling the Macondo Well in Mississippi Canyon Block 252 (MC252) to explode. The Deepwater Horizon oil spill was unprecendeted for several reasons: the volume of oil released; the spill duration; the well depth; the distance from the shore-line (77 km or about 50 miles); the type of oil (light crude); and the injection of dispersant directly at the wellhead. This study clearly demonstrated that there was a profound and significant response by certain members of the in situ microbial community in the deep-sea in the Gulf of Mexico. In particular putative hydrocarbon degrading Bacteria appeared to bloom in response to the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, even though the temperature at these depths is never >5 C. As the plume aged the shifts in the microbial community on a temporal scale suggested that different, yet metabolically important members of the community were able to respond to a myriad of plume constituents, e.g. shifting from propane/ethane to alkanes and finally to methane. Thus, the biodegradation of hydrocarbons in the plume by Bacteria was a highly significant process in the natural attenuation of many compounds released during the Deepwater Horizon oil spill.

Mason, O.U.; Hazen, T.C.

2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

347

Structure-Based Mechanistic Insights into DNMT1-Mediated Maintenance DNA Methylation  

SciTech Connect

DNMT1, the major maintenance DNA methyltransferase in animals, helps to regulate gene expression, genome imprinting, and X-chromosome inactivation. We report on the crystal structure of a productive covalent mouse DNMT1(731-1602)-DNA complex containing a central hemimethylated CpG site. The methyl group of methylcytosine is positioned within a shallow hydrophobic concave surface, whereas the cytosine on the target strand is looped out and covalently anchored within the catalytic pocket. The DNA is distorted at the hemimethylated CpG step, with side chains from catalytic and recognition loops inserting through both grooves to fill an intercalation-type cavity associated with a dual base flip-out on partner strands. Structural and biochemical data establish how a combination of active and autoinhibitory mechanisms ensures the high fidelity of DNMT1-mediated maintenance DNA methylation.

Song, Jikui; Teplova, Marianna; Ishibe-Murakami, Satoko; Patel, Dinshaw J. (MSKCC)

2012-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

348

Multiresolution Analysis of Radiative Transfer through Inhomogeneous Media. Part II: Validation and New Insights  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The multiresolution radiative transfer equations of Part I of this paper are solved numerically for the case of inhomogeneous model clouds using Meyers basis functions. After analyzing the properties of Meyers connection coefficients and ...

Nicolas Ferlay; Harumi Isaka; Philip Gabriel; Albert Benassi

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

The use of direct boundary element method for gaining insight into complex seismic site response  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The boundary element method is specially well suited for the analysis of the seismic response of valleys of complicated topography and stratigraphy. In this paper the method's capabilities are illustrated using as an example an irregularity stratified ... Keywords: Boundary element method, Euroseistest, Local conditions, Numerical modelling, Site effects

Sonia lvarez-Rubio; Juan Jos Benito; Francisco Jos Snchez-Sesma; Enrique Alarcn

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Tumor vasculature and microenvironment during progression and treatment : insights from optical microscopy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In addition to cancer cells, solid tumors consist of a variety of cell types and tissues defining a complex microenvironment that influences disease progression and response to therapy. To fully characterize and probe the ...

Lanning, Ryan M

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

IT-intensive value innovation in the electronic economy: insights from Marshall industries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Keywords: CIO, IT architecture, Internet, distribution industry, e-business, electronic commerce, electronic economy, electronic value chains, extranet, fast-response, intermediation, intranet, strategic information systems, supply chain management, systems approach, time-based competition, total quality management, value innovation

Omar A. El Sawy; Arvind Malhotra; Sanjay Gosain; Kerry M. Young

1999-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Structural insights into the metabolism of 2-chlorodibenzofuran by an evolved biphenyl dioxygenase  

SciTech Connect

The biphenyl dioxygenase of Burkholderia xenovorans LB400 (BphAE{sub LB400}) is a Rieske-type oxygenase that catalyzes the stereospecific oxygenation of many heterocyclic aromatics including dibenzofuran. In a previous work, we evolved BphAE{sub LB400} and obtained BphAE{sub RR41}. This variant metabolizes dibenzofuran and 2-chlorodibenzofuran more efficiently than BphAE{sub LB400}. However, the regiospecificity of BphAE{sub RR41} toward these substrates differs. Dibenzofuran is metabolized principally through a lateral dioxygenation whereas 2-chlorodibenzofuran is metabolized principally through an angular dioxygenation. In order to explain this difference, we examined the crystal structures of both substrate-bound forms of BphAE{sub RR41} obtained under anaerobic conditions. This structure analysis, in combination with biochemical data for a Ser283Gly mutant provided evidences that the substrate is compelled to move after oxygen-binding in BphAE{sub RR41}:dibenzofuran. In BphAE{sub RR41}:2-chlorodibenzofuran, the chlorine atom is close to the side chain of Ser283. This contact is missing in the BphAE{sub RR41}:dibenzofuran, and strong enough in the BphAE{sub RR41}:2-chlorodibenzofuran to help prevent substrate movement during the catalytic reaction.

Kumar, Pravindra; Mohammadi, Mahmood; Dhindwal, Sonali; Pham, Thi Thanh My; Bolin, Jeffrey T.; Sylvestre, Michel (INRS); (IIT-India); (Purdue)

2012-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

353

Simultaneous activation of multiple memory systems during learning : insights from electrophysiology and modeling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Parallel cortico-basal ganglia loops are thought to give rise to a diverse set of limbic, associative and motor functions, but little is known about how these loops operate and how their neural activities evolve during ...

Thorn, Catherine A. (Catherine Ann), 1980-

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Motivating Private Precaution with Public Programs: Insights from a Local Earthquake Mitigation Ordinance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

relates to coordinating disaster response and relief effortstransition from a disaster response mode to recoverymore towards preparing for disaster response. It is thus no

Rabinovici, Sharyl Jean Marie

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Dynamics of Transformation Insights from an Exploratory Review of Rice Farming in the Kpong Irrigation Project  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

policy solutions to sustainably end hunger and malnutrition and reduce poverty. The Institute conducts research, communicates results, optimizes partnerships, and builds capacity to ensure sustainable food production, promote healthy food systems, improve markets and trade, transform agriculture, build resilience, and strengthen institutions and governance. Gender is considered in all of the Institutes work. IFPRI collaborates with partners around the world, including development implementers, public institutions, the private sector, and farmers organizations, to ensure that local, national, regional, and global food policies are based on evidence. IFPRI is a member of the CGIAR Consortium.

Hiroyuki Takeshima; Kipo Jimah; Shashidhara Kolavalli; Xinshen Diao; Rebecca Lee Funk

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Structural Insights into Ion Selectivity and Calcium Blockage in Cyclic Nucleotide Gated Channels.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Cyclic nucleotides-gated (CNG) channels play an essential role in the visual and olfactory sensory systems and are ubiquitously expressed in a variety of neuronal and (more)

[No author

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

The FASEB Journal Research Communication Structural insight into acute intermittent porphyria  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China; and Structural Biology Center, Advanced Photon Source, Argonne of action of PBGD at the molecular level and could aid the development of potential drugs for the up, constipation, and tachycardia. Exposure to other precipitating factors, such as starvation, drugs, hormones

Zhijie, Liu

358

XPD Helicase Structures And Activities: Insights Into the Cancer And Aging Phenotypes From XPD Mutations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mutations in XPD helicase, required for nucleotide excision repair (NER) as part of the transcription/repair complex TFIIH, cause three distinct phenotypes: cancer-prone xeroderma pigmentosum (XP), or aging disorders Cockayne syndrome (CS), and trichothiodystrophy (TTD). To clarify molecular differences underlying these diseases, we determined crystal structures of the XPD catalytic core from Sulfolobus acidocaldarius and measured mutant enzyme activities. Substrate-binding grooves separate adjacent Rad51/RecA-like helicase domains (HD1, HD2) and an arch formed by 4FeS and Arch domains. XP mutations map along the HD1 ATP-binding edge and HD2 DNA-binding channel and impair helicase activity essential for NER. XP/CS mutations both impair helicase activity and likely affect HD2 functional movement. TTD mutants lose or retain helicase activity but map to sites in all four domains expected to cause framework defects impacting TFIIH integrity. These results provide a foundation for understanding disease consequences of mutations in XPD and related 4Fe-4S helicases including FancJ.

Fan, L.; Fuss, J.O.; Cheng, Q.J.; Arvai, A.S.; Hammel, M.; Roberts, V.A.; Cooper, P.K.; Tainer, J.A.

2009-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

359

XPD Helicase Structures and Activities: Insights into the Cancer and Aging Phenotypes from XPD Mutations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

protein BACH1 is a DNA helicase targeted by clinicallyby a superfamily-2 helicase. Nat. Struct. Mol. Biol. 14,and Yang, W. (2006). UvrD helicase unwinds DNA one base pair

Fan, Li

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Insights into the Architecture of the Replicative Helicase from the Structure of an Archaeal MCM Homolog  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The minichromosome maintenance (MCM) proteins, members of the AAA+ (ATPase associated with diverse cellular activities) superfamily, are believed to constitute the replicative helicase in eukaryotic and archaeal species. Here, we present the 1.9 {angstrom} resolution crystal structure of a monomeric MCM homolog from Methanopyrus kandleri, the first crystallographic structure of a full-length MCM. We also present an 18 {angstrom} cryo-electron microscopy reconstruction of the hexameric MCM from Methanothermobacter thermautotrophicus, and fit the atomic resolution crystal structure into the reconstruction in order to generate an atomic model for the oligomeric assembly. These structural data reveal a distinct active site topology consisting of a unique arrangement of critical determinants. The structures also provide a molecular framework for understanding the functional contributions of trans-acting elements that facilitate intersubunit crosstalk in response to DNA binding and ATP hydrolysis.

Bae, Brian; Chen, Yi-Hsing; Costa, Alessandro; Onesti, Silvia; Brunzelle, Joseph S.; Lin, Yuyen; Cann, Isaac K.O.; Nair, Satish K.; (UIUC); (NWU); (ICL)

2009-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "insight inforum interindustry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Analysis of pluripotent mouse stem cell proteomes : insights into post- transcriptional regulation of pluripotency and differentiation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ATP-dependent RNA helicase DDX24 D19Bwg1357e D19Bwg1357eof Probable ATP-dependent RNA helicase DDX27 Nol10 NucleolarDdx18 ATP-dependent RNA helicase DDX18 Nolc1 Plk1 Rrp12

O'Brien, Robert Norman

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

XPD Helicase Structures and Activities: Insights into the Cancer and Aging Phenotypes from XPD Mutations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mutations in XPD helicase, required for nucleotide excision repair (NER) as part of the transcription/repair complex TFIIH, cause three distinct phenotypes: cancer-prone xeroderma pigmentosum (XP), or aging disorders Cockayne syndrome (CS), and trichothiodystrophy (TTD). To clarify molecular differences underlying these diseases, we determined crystal structures of the XPD catalytic core from Sulfolobus acidocaldarius and measured mutant enzyme activities. Substrate-binding grooves separate adjacent Rad51/RecA-like helicase domains (HD1, HD2) and an arch formed by 4FeS and Arch domains. XP mutations map along the HD1 ATP-binding edge and HD2 DNA-binding channel and impair helicase activity essential for NER. XP/CS mutations both impair helicase activity and likely affect HD2 functional movement. TTD mutants lose or retain helicase activity but map to sites in all four domains expected to cause framework defects impacting TFIIH integrity. These results provide a foundation for understanding disease consequences of mutations in XPD and related 4Fe-4S helicases including FancJ.

Tainer, John; Fan, Li; Fuss, Jill O.; Cheng, Quen J.; Arvai, Andrew S.; Hammel, Michal; Roberts, Victoria A.; Cooper, Priscilla K.; Tainer, John A.

2008-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

363

A Korarchael Genome Reveals Insights into the Evolution of the Archaea  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

small subunit L ERCC4-like helicase L Rec8/ScpA/Scc1-likeDEAD/DEAH box helicase-like conserved hypothetical proteinbinding, OB-fold, tRNA/helicase-type aminotransferase, class

Elkins, James G.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Extracellular matrix control of mammary gland morphogenesis and tumorigenesis: insights from imaging  

SciTech Connect

The extracellular matrix (ECM), once thought to solely provide physical support to a tissue, is a key component of a cell's microenvironment responsible for directing cell fate and maintaining tissue specificity. It stands to reason, then, that changes in the ECM itself or in how signals from the ECM are presented to or interpreted by cells can disrupt tissue organization; the latter is a necessary step for malignant progression. In this review, we elaborate on this concept using the mammary gland as an example. We describe how the ECM directs mammary gland formation and function, and discuss how a cell's inability to interpret these signals - whether as a result of genetic insults or physicochemical alterations in the ECM - disorganizes the gland and promotes malignancy. By restoring context and forcing cells to properly interpret these native signals, aberrant behavior can be quelled and organization re-established. Traditional imaging approaches have been a key complement to the standard biochemical, molecular, and cell biology approaches used in these studies. Utilizing imaging modalities with enhanced spatial resolution in live tissues may uncover additional means by which the ECM regulates tissue structure, on different length scales, through its pericellular organization (short-scale) and by biasing morphogenic and morphostatic gradients (long-scale).

Ghajar, Cyrus M; Bissell, Mina J

2008-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

365

Turbulence Structure and Implications for Dispersion: Insights from Large-Eddy Simulations  

SciTech Connect

We have presented two flows where detailed knowledge of the fluid mechanics would appear to be crucial for accurate dispersion modeling. We expect that Large-eddy simulations (LES) will complement traditional dispersion modeling by providing both the ability to discern between cases where traditional models work well and cases where more complicated characterizations are necessary, and a method to investigate potentially unique flow features and turbulence structure for specific flow problems.

Calhoun, R; Cederwall, R; Street, R

1999-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

366

Understanding Hadley Cell Expansion versus Contraction: Insights from Simplified Models and Implications for Recent Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study seeks a deeper understanding of the causes of Hadley Cell (HC) expansion, as projected under global warming, and HC contraction, as observed under El Nio. Using an idealized general circulation model, the authors show that a thermal ...

Neil F. Tandon; Edwin P. Gerber; Adam H. Sobel; Lorenzo M. Polvani

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Chapter 3: Insights in the Hydrotreatment of Fast Pyrolysis Oil using a Ruthenium on Carbon Catalyst  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

pyrolysis oil and bio-liquids derived thereof. Fast pyrolysis oils can be obtained from biomass in yields up] Bridgwater, A.; Czernik, S.; Diebold, J.; Meier, D.; Oasmaa, A.; Peacocke, C,. Fast Pyrolysis of Biomass, I.A. Production of a Bio-Gasoline by Ugrading Biomass Flash Pyrolysis Liquids via Hydrogen

Groningen, Rijksuniversiteit

368

New insights on 3-D plates interaction near Taiwan from tomography and tectonic implications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the South China Sea prior to Pliocene. (5) The Southern Okinawa Trough rifted during the last 2 ^ 1 Ma

Demouchy, Sylvie

369

A Korarchael Genome Reveals Insights into the Evolution of the Archaea  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

protein of unknown function DUF6, transmembrane hypotheticalprotein of unknown function DUF6, transmembrane Gene Nameprotein of unknown function DUF6, transmembrane hypothetical

Elkins, James G.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Prokaryotic diversity, distribution, and insights into their role in biogeochemical cycling in marine basalts  

SciTech Connect

We used molecular techniques to analyze basalts of varying ages that were collected from the East Pacific Rise, 9 oN, from the rift axis of the Juan de Fuca Ridge, and from neighboring seamounts. Cluster analysis of 16S rDNA Terminal Restriction Fragment Polymorphism data revealed that basalt endoliths are distinct from seawater and that communities clustered, to some degree, based on the age of the host rock. This age-based clustering suggests that alteration processes may affect community structure. Cloning and sequencing of bacterial and archaeal 16S rRNA genes revealed twelve different phyla and sub-phyla associated with basalts. These include the Gemmatimonadetes, Nitrospirae, the candidate phylum SBR1093 in the c, andin the Archaea Marine Benthic Group B, none of which have been previously reported in basalts. We delineated novel ocean crust clades in the gamma-Proteobacteria, Planctomycetes, and Actinobacteria that are composed entirely of basalt associated microflora, and may represent basalt ecotypes. Finally, microarray analysis of functional genes in basalt revealed that genes coding for previously unreported processes such as carbon fixation, methane-oxidation, methanogenesis, and nitrogen fixation are present, suggesting that basalts harbor previously unrecognized metabolic diversity. These novel processes could exert a profound influence on ocean chemistry.

Mason, Olivia U.; Di Meo-Savoie, Carol A.; Van Nostrand, Joy D.; Zhou, Jizhong; Fisk, Martin R.; Giovannoni, Stephen J.

2008-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

371

Thunderstorm lightning and radar characteristics: insights on electrification and severe weather forecasting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Total lightning mapping, along with radar and NLDN cloud-to-ground lightning data, can be used to diagnose the severity of a storm. Analysis of the 13 October 2001 supercell event (Dallas-Fort Worth, Texas), some supercells of which were tornadic, shows that LDAR II lightning source heights (quartile, median, and 95th percentile heights) increased as the storms intensified. Most of the total lightning occurred where reflectivity cores extended upwards and within regions of reflectivity gradient rather than in reflectivity cores. A total lightning hole was associated with an intense, nontornadic supercell on 6 April 2003. This feature was nonexistent from all supercells analyzed during the 13 October case. During tornadogenesis, the radar and LDAR II data indicated updraft weakening. The height of the 30 dBZ radar top began to descend approximately 10 minutes (2 volume scans) before tornado touchdown in one storm. Total lightning and CG flash rates decreased by up to a factor of 5 to a minimum during an F2 tornado touchdown associated with this storm. LDAR II source heights all showed descent by 2-4 km during a 25 minute period prior to and during this tornado touchdown. This drastic trend of decreasing source heights was observed in two tornadic storms prior to and during tornado touchdown, but did not occur in non-tornadic supercells, suggesting that these parameters can be useful to forecasters. These observations agree with tornadogenesis theory that an updraft weakens and the mesocyclone can become divided (composed of both updraft and downdraft) when a storm becomes tornadic. LDAR II source density contours were comma-shaped in association with severe wind events within mesoscale convective systems (MCSs) on 13 October 2001 and 27 May 2002. This signature is similar to the radar reflectivity bow echo. Consistent relationships between severe weather, radar and lightning storm characteristics (i.e., lightning heights) were not found for cells within MCSs as was the case for supercells. Cell interactions within MCSs are believed to weaken these relationships as reflectivity and lightning from nearby storms contaminate the cells of interest. It is also more difficult to clearly define a cell within an MCS.

Steiger, Scott Michael

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Fragmentomics: a new insight into structures and functions of the natural oligopeptide diversity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

More and more facts appear showing that there are oligopeptides in different organs and tissues of living organisms that are not formed from specialized precursors, but are rather natural fragments of well studied proteins. However, up to the present ... Keywords: EROP-Moscow database, food protein, fragment, fragmentome, fragmentomics, function, meat, milk, oligopeptide, structure

Alexander A. Zamyatnin

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Comparing digestibility of A- and B- type crystals and providing Insight on digestibility of starches.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Starch is the most important source of food energy. However, the information about the metabolic quality of starchy foods is scarce. It is well known (more)

Cai, Liming

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

A Wiki that knows where it is being used: insights from potential users  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With the advent of extensive wireless networks that blanket physically compact urban enclaves such as office complexes, shopping centers, or university campuses, it is possible to create software applications that provide location-based mobile/online ... Keywords: Internet, Web 2.0, Wiki, location awareness

Maria Plummer; Linda Plotnick; Starr Roxanne Hiltz; Quentin Jones

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Insights and Opportunities: Technologies, Policies, and Markets for Clean Energy Solutions (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

A presentation highlighting how strategic energy analysis can affect technologies, policies, and markets for clean energy solutions. This includes an overview of some of NREL's models and tools as well as results from laboratory analysis.

Arent, D.

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Induced mirror symmetry breaking via template-controlled copolymerization: theoretical insights  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A chemical equilibrium model of template-controlled copolymerization is presented for describing the outcome of the experimental induced desymmetrization scenarios recently proposed by Lahav and coworkers.

Blanco, Celia; 10.1039/C2CC18045F

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Cross-sector policy research: insights from the UK energy and transport sectors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pearman, University of Leeds; Mayer Hillman, Policy Studies Institute, London; Andy Costain and Sally Scarlett of Planning Transport, Research and Computation; Luis Willumsen, Steer, Davis and Gleave; and Mrs Maureen Oxford, Transport and Road Research...

Peake, Stephen Robert

1993-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

378

Radar Refractivity Retrievals in Oklahoma: Insights into Operational Benefits and Limitations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The 2007 and 2008 spring refractivity experiments at KTLX investigated the potential utility of high-resolution, near-surface refractivity measurements to operational forecasting. During these experiments, forecasters at the Norman, Oklahoma, ...

P. L. Heinselman; B. L. Cheong; R. D. Palmer; D. Bodine; K. Hondl

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

A Korarchael Genome Reveals Insights into the Evolution of the Archaea  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The candidate division Korarchaeota comprises a group of uncultivated microorganisms that, by their small subunit rRNA phylogeny, may have diverged early from the major archaeal phyla Crenarchaeota and Euryarchaeota. Here, we report the initial characterization of a member of the Korarchaeota with the proposed name, ?Candidatus Korarchaeum cryptofilum,? which exhibits an ultrathin filamentous morphology. To investigate possible ancestral relationships between deep-branching Korarchaeota and other phyla, we used whole-genome shotgun sequencing to construct a complete composite korarchaeal genome from enriched cells. The genome was assembled into a single contig 1.59 Mb in length with a G + C content of 49percent. Of the 1,617 predicted protein-coding genes, 1,382 (85percent) could be assigned to a revised set of archaeal Clusters of Orthologous Groups (COGs). The predicted gene functions suggest that the organism relies on a simple mode of peptide fermentation for carbon and energy and lacks the ability to synthesize de novo purines, CoA, and several other cofactors. Phylogenetic analyses based on conserved single genes and concatenated protein sequences positioned the korarchaeote as a deep archaeal lineage with an apparent affinity to the Crenarchaeota. However, the predicted gene content revealed that several conserved cellular systems, such as cell division, DNA replication, and tRNA maturation, resemble the counterparts in the Euryarchaeota. In light of the known composition of archaeal genomes, the Korarchaeota might have retained a set of cellular features that represents the ancestral archaeal form.

Lapidus, Alla; Elkins, James G.; Podar, Mircea; Graham, David E.; Makarova, Kira S.; Wolf, Yuri; Randau, Lennart; Hedlund, Brian P.; Brochier-Armanet, Celine; Kunin, Victor; Anderson, Iain; Lapidus, Alla; Goltsman, Eugene; Barry, Kerrie; Koonin, Eugene V.; Hugenholtz, Phil; Kyrpides, Nikos; Wanner, Gerhard; Richardson, Paul; Keller, Martin; Stetter, Karl O.

2008-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

380

New Tools and Insight for Recognition of Pseudo-Nitzschia Bloom and Toxic Incidence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

nitzschia bloom formation in Monterey Bay (Chapter 1). Thenitzschia bloom formation in Monterey Bay (Chapter 1). The

Quay, Jenny Elisabeth

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "insight inforum interindustry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Water Vapor Variability Across Spatial Scales: Insights for Theory, Parameterization, and Model Assessment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3 Spatial Structure Function Analysis of Very Tall Tower 3.1as observed from a very tall tower. Global Change Biology,mea- surements from a tall tower. Extended Abstracts, 13th

Pressel, Kyle Gregory

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

What is Driving Changes in the Tropospheric Circulation? New Insights from Simplified Models.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis seeks an improved understanding of what has been driving changes in the large scale tropospheric circulation. First, we consider the effects of stratospheric (more)

Tandon, Neil Francis

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

THE ROLE OF GOVERNMENT IN ENERGY TECHNOLOGY INNOVATION: INSIGHTS FOR GOVERNMENT POLICY IN THE ENERGY SECTOR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy and Natural Resources Program. Our focus is on crafting and catalyzing a set of policies and institutions that can stimulate the research, development, and deployment of energy technologies that can address the full range energy-related challenges of the 21 st century, including environment, development and security issues. ETIP has ongoing research in two areas: (1) Energy Technology Policy for a Greenhouse-Gas Constrained World and (2) Technology Innovation Studies. In the first area, we are currently focused on the U.S., China, and India, with a strong emphasis on the role of international cooperation in the development and deployment of cleaner energy systems. In the second area, we examine how government policy and programs can play an effective role in stimulating private sector investments in the development and deployment of cleaner energy technologies.

Vicki Norberg-bohm

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Sensitivity of Arctic Climate Variability to Mean State: Insights from the Cretaceous  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study investigates Arctic climate variability during a period of extreme warmth using the Community Climate System Model, version 3 (CCSM3) coupled oceanatmosphere general circulation model. Four mid-Cretaceous simulations were completed ...

Christopher J. Poulsen; Jing Zhou

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Physical Insight Into Substitutional N-Doped Graphene Nanoribbons With Armchair Edges  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electronic structures of graphene nanoribbons with armchair edges (AGNRs) containing N-substitutional impurity have been investigated, using ab initio density functional theory. It is shown that the electronic structures of the doped AGNRs are different ...

Shan Sheng Yu; Wei Tao Zheng; Qing Jiang

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Slip on ridge transform faults : insights from earthquakes and laboratory experiments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The relatively simple tectonic environment of mid-ocean ridge transform fault (RTF) seismicity provides a unique opportunity for investigation of earthquake and faulting processes. We develop a scaling model that is complete ...

Boettcher, Margaret S

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Insights into the behavior of nuclear power plant containments during severe accidents  

SciTech Connect

The containment building surrounding a nuclear reactor offers the last barrier to the release of radioactive materials from a severe accident into the environment. The loading environment of the containment under severe accident conditions may include much greater than design pressures and temperatures. Investigations into the performance of containments subject to ultimate or failure pressure and temperature conditions have been performed over the last several years through a program administered by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). These NRC sponsored investigations are subsequently discussed. Reviewed are the results of large scale experiments on reinforced concrete, prestressed concrete, and steel containment models pressurized to failure. In conjunction with these major tests, the results of separate effect testing on many of the critical containment components; that is, aged and unaged seals, a personnel air lock and electrical penetration assemblies subjected to elevated temperature and pressure have been performed. An objective of the NRC program is to gain an understanding of the behavior of typical existing and planned containment designs subject to postulated severe accident conditions. This understanding has led to the development of experimentally verified analytical tools that can be applied to accurately predict their ultimate capacities useful in developing severe accident mitigation schemes. Finally, speculation on the response of containments subjected to severe accident conditions is presented.

Horschel, D.S.; Ludwigsen, J.S.; Parks, M.B.; Lambert, L.D. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Dameron, R.A.; Rashid, Y.R. [ANATECH Research Corp., San Diego, CA (United States)

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

New Insights into SNR Evolution Revealed by the Discovery of Recombining Plasmas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report the discovery of recombining plasmas in three supernova remnants (SNRs) with the Suzaku X-ray astronomy satellite. During SNR's evolution, the expanding supernova ejecta and the ambient matter are compressed and heated by the reverse and forward shocks to form an X-ray emitting hot plasma. Since ionization proceeds slowly compared to shock heating, most young or middle-aged SNRs have ionizing (underionized) plasmas. Owing to high sensitivity of Suzaku, however, we have detected radiative recombination continua (RRCs) from the SNRs IC 443, W49B, and G359.1-0.5. The presence of the strong RRC is the definitive evidence that the plasma is recombining (overionized). As a possible origin of the overionization, an interaction between the ejecta and dense circumstellar matter is proposed; the highly ionized gas was made at the initial phase of the SNR evolution in dense regions, and subsequent rapid adiabatic expansion caused sudden cooling of the electrons. The analysis on the full X-ray band spectrum of ...

Yamaguchi, Hiroya; Ohnishi, Takao; 10.1016/j.asr.2011.11.002

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Resolving arthropod relationships: Present and future insights from evo-devo studies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AF domain in the N-terminus of PR-B (Sartorius et al., 1994). PR-A and PR-B appear to have distinct160s are expressed in primary cultures of rat astrocytes (Grenier et al., 2006). Interestingly of the Golgi apparatus (Grenier et al., 2006). Over-expression and siRNA knockdown experiments using

Popadic', Aleksandar

390

Transport coefficients of strongly coupled gauge theories: insights from string theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The transport properties of certain strongly coupled thermal gauge theories can be determined from their effective description in terms of gravity or superstring theory duals. Here we provide a short summary of the results for the shear and bulk viscosity, charge diffusion constant, and the speed of sound in supersymmetric strongly interacting plasmas. We also outline a general algorithm for computing transport coefficients in any gravity dual. The algorithm relates the transport coefficients to the coefficients in the quasinormal spectrum of five-dimensional black holes in asymptotically anti de Sitter space.

Andrei O. Starinets

2005-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

391

Transferability Intercomparison: An Opportunity for New Insight on the Global Water Cycle and Energy Budget  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new approach, called transferability intercomparisons, is described for advancing both understanding and modeling of the global water cycle and energy budget. Under this approach, individual regional climate models perform simulations with all ...

E. S. Takle; W. J. Gutowski Jr.; R. W. Arritt; J. Roads; I. Meinke; B. Rockel; C. G. Jones; A. Zadra

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Coral calcification : insights from inorganic experiments and coral responses to environmental variables  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The mechanisms involved in the formation of coral skeletons are examined using a laboratory model for coral calcification and the growth of living corals under different environmental conditions. Abiogenic aragonite was ...

Holcomb, Michael (Michael C.)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Forest fire management in Portugal : developing system insights through models of social and physical dynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Managing forest fires is a serious national problem in Portugal. Burned area has increased steadily over the past several decades, with particularly devastating years in 2003 and 2005. Ignitions also spike dramatically in ...

Collins, Ross D. (Ross Daniel)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

and allows a deeper insight into structural rearrangements during the first isomerization step.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by Confined Acoustic Vibrations Tzu-Ming Liu, Hung-Pin Chen, Shih-Chia Yeh, Chih-Yu Wu, Chung-Hsiung Wang time of hydrogen bonding of water mol- ecules. If the surface to volume ratio of macromolecules is large, surrounding water molecules will overdamp the vibrations and smear the resonant absorp- tion

Oldenburg, Amy

395

2011 STEPS / NextSTEPS Symposium: Insights from STEPS & Introduction to NextSTEPS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Mike Nicholas Dimensions of Sustainability: Mark Delucchi (GHG and Air Pollutant Emissions), Sonia Yeh Transitions in the Light Duty Sector: Joan Ogden Transportation Wedges (MARKAL): Sonia Yeh Panel Discussion (Land Use), Gouri Shankar Mishra (Water) Panel Discussion: Is there a clear winner for the near term

California at Davis, University of

396

Quasar Host Orientation and Polarization: Insights into the Type 1/Type 2 Dichotomy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate correlations between the optical linear polarization position angle and the orientation of the host galaxy/extended emission of Type 1 and Type 2 Radio-Loud (RL) and Radio-Quiet (RQ) quasars. We have used high resolution Hubble Space Telescope (HST) data and deconvolution process to obtain a good determination of the host galaxy orientation. With these new measurements and a compilation of data from the literature, we find a significant correlation between the polarization position angle and the position angle of the major axis of the host galaxy/extended emission. The correlation appears different for Type 1 and Type 2 objects and depends on the redshift of the source. Interpretations in the framework of the unification model are discussed.

B. Borguet; D. Hutsemkers; G. Letawe; Y. Letawe; P. Magain

2007-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

397

Dynamics of obsidian ows inferred from microstructures: insights from microlite preferred orientations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

orientations Jonathan Castro a;? , Michael Manga b , Katharine Cashman c a Department of Geology, 52 W. Lorain and the type of flow across the surface. Microlite preferred orientations are used to investigate. Orientation distributions imply that radial spreading accompanied by flattening was the dominant mechanism

Manga, Michael

398

Water Vapor Variability Across Spatial Scales: Insights for Theory, Parameterization, and Model Assessment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

flux is composed of solar radiation which is scattered outsunrise on Day 1, solar radiation warms the land surfacedecrease of incoming solar radiation and the efficiency with

Pressel, Kyle Gregory

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Tomato-Potato Aphid Interactions: Insights into Plant Defense and the Aphid Pest  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

transcription factor genes in canola (Brassica napus L. ) inMangelsen et al. 2008) and canola (Brassica napus) (Yang ettranscription factor genes in canola (Brassica napus L. ) in

Atamian, Hagop Sarkis

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

A korarchaeal genome reveals insights into the evolution of the Archaea  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

detailed protocol. Genome Sequencing and Assembly. LibrarySupport for genome sequencing and assembly was provided byCell Preparation and Genome Sequencing. It was observed that

Elkins, James G.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "insight inforum interindustry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Insights into relationships among rodent lineages based on mitochondrial genome sequence data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation has two major sections. In Chapter II, complete mitochondrial (mt DNA) genome sequences were used to construct a hypothesis for affinities of most major lineages of rodents that arose quickly in the Eocene and were well established by the end of the Oligocene. Determining the relationships among extant members of such old lineages can be difficult. Two traditional schemes on subordinal classification of rodents have persisted for over a century, dividing rodents into either two or three suborders, with relationships among families or superfamilies remaining problematic. The mtDNA sequences for four new rodent taxa (Aplodontia, Cratogeomys, Erethizon, and Hystrix), along with previously published Euarchontoglires taxa, were analyzed under parsimony, likelihood, and Bayesian criteria. Likelihood and Bayesian analyses of the protein-coding genes converged on a single topology that weakly supported rodent monophyly and was significantly better than the parsimony trees. Analysis of the tRNAs failed to recover a monophyletic Rodentia and did not reach convergence on a stationary distribution after fifty million generations. Most relationships hypothesized in the likelihood topology have support from previous data. Mt tRNAs have been largely ignored with respect to molecular evolution or phylogenetic utility. In Chapter III, the mt tRNAs from 141 mammals were used to refine secondary structure models and examine their molecular evolution. Both H- and L-encoded tRNAs are AT-rich with different %G and GC-skew and a difference in skew between H- and L-strand stems. Proportion of W-C pairs is higher in the H-strand and GU/UG pairs are higher in the L-strand, suggesting increased mismatch compensation in L-strand tRNAs. Among rodents, the number of variable stem base-pairs was nearly 75% of that observed across all mammals combined. Compensatory base changes were present only at divergences of 4% or greater. Neither loop reduction nor an accumulation of deleterious mutations, both suggestive of mutational meltdown (Muller's ratchet), was observed. Mutations associated with human pathologies are correlated only with the coding strand, with H-strand tRNAs being linked to substantially more of these mutations.

Frabotta, Laurence John

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Materials Reliability Program: Proceedings of MRP-146 Supplemental Guidance and Implementation Insights Training (MRP-299)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

These proceedings provide an outline of the training and the instructional material that was delivered to utilities via webcast. This material was developed to assist with implementation of Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) report 1018330, Materials Reliability Program: Management of Thermal Fatigue in Normally Stagnant Non-Isolable Reactor Coolant System Branch Lines Supplemental Guidance (MRP-146S).

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

403

Comparative ICE genomics: insights into the evolution of the SXT/R391 family of ICEs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Integrating and conjugative elements (ICEs) are one of the three principal types of self-transmissible mobile genetic elements in bacteria. ICEs, like plasmids, transfer via conjugation; but unlike plasmids and similar to many phages, these elements integrate into and replicate along with the host chromosome. Members of the SXT/R391 family of ICEs have been isolated from several species of gram-negative bacteria, including Vibrio cholerae, the cause of cholera, where they have been important vectors for disseminating genes conferring resistance to antibiotics. Here we developed a plasmid-based system to capture and isolate SXT/R391 ICEs for sequencing. Comparative analyses of the genomes of 13 SXT/R391 ICEs derived from diverse hosts and locations revealed that they contain 52 perfectly syntenic and nearly identical core genes that serve as a scaffold capable of mobilizing an array of variable DNA. Furthermore, selection pressure to maintain ICE mobility appears to have restricted insertions of variable DNA into intergenic sites that do not interrupt core functions. The variable genes confer diverse element-specific phenotypes, such as resistance to antibiotics. Functional analysis of a set of deletion mutants revealed that less than half of the conserved core genes are required for ICE mobility; the functions of most of the dispensable core genes are unknown. Several lines of evidence suggest that there has been extensive recombination between SXT/R391 ICEs, resulting in re-assortment of their respective variable gene content. Furthermore,

Rachel A. F. Wozniak; Derrick E. Fouts; Matteo Spagnoletti; Mauro M. Colombo

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Engaging women in computer science and engineering: Insights from a national study of undergraduate research experiences  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

women graduate students in computer science and engineering.the undergraduate curriculum in computer science: Where doEncouraging women in computer Science. SIGCE Bulletin, 24 (

Kim, Karen; Fann, Amy; Misa-Escalante, Kimberly

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Redeveloping Lawrence, Massachusetts' [sic] Historic Mill District : insights into adaptive reuse in untested residential markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lawrence, Massachusetts is one of a number of post-industrial cities in the northeastern United States that has the potential to convert underutilized industrial buildings into a valuable community asset, namely housing. ...

Clark, Heather, 1978-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Photoluminescence in Chemical Vapor Deposited ZnS: insight into electronic defects  

SciTech Connect

Photoluminescence spectra taken from chemical vapor deposited (CVD) ZnS are shown to exhibit sub-band-gap emission bands characteristic of isoelectronic oxygen defects. The emission spectra vary spatially with position and orientation with respect to the major axis of CVD growth. These data suggest that a complex set of defects exist in the band gap of CVD ZnS whose structural nature is highly dependent upon local deposition and growth conditions, contributing to inherent heterogeneity in optical behavior throughout the material.

McCloy, John S.; Potter, B.g.

2013-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

407

Novel Insights into the Diversity of Catabolic Metabolism from Ten Haloarchaeal Genomes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

hydrolysis and biofuel production. Ind Eng Chem 89. Dadi AP,hydrolases for use in biofuel production are more likely todegradation related to biofuel production. An unexpected

Anderson, Iain

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

What Makes a Good Online Dictionary? Empirical Insights from an Interdisciplinary Research Project  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents empirical findings from two online surveys on the use of online dictionaries, in which more than 1,000 participants took part. The aim of these studies was to clarify general questions of online dictionary use (e.g. which electronic devices are used for online dictionaries or different types of usage situations) and to identify different demands regarding the use of online dictionaries. We will present some important results of this ongoing research project by focusing on the latter. Our analyses show that neither knowledge of the participants (scientific or academic) background, nor the language version of the online survey (German vs. English) allow any significant conclusions to be drawn about the participants individual user demands. Subgroup analyses only reveal noteworthy differences when the groups are clustered statistically. Taken together, our findings shed light on the general lexicographical request both for the development of a user-adaptive interface and the incorporation of multimedia elements to make online dictionaries more user-friendly and innovative.

Carolin Mller-spitzer; Er Koplenig; Antje Tpel

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Insights into Shugoshin localization and function in S. cerevisiae chromosome segregation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Faithful chromosome segregation is crucial to the well being of organisms. In mitosis, the partitioning of chromosomes to daughter cells is monitored at many levels to ensure that identical genomic information is received. ...

Kiburz, Brendan Meredith

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Aircraft-Produced Ice Particles (APIPs): Additional Results and Further Insights  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents new results from studies of aircraft-produced ice particles (APIPs) in supercooled fog and clouds. Nine aircraft, including a Beech King Air 200T cloud physics aircraft, a Piper Aztec, a Cessna 421-C, two North American T-28s, ...

William L. Woodley; Glenn Gordon; Thomas J. Henderson; Bernard Vonnegut; Daniel Rosenfeld; Andrew Detwiler

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

High pressure and temperature equations of state: A tool for insight into deep Earth systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

sector 16), Advanced Photon Source (APS), Argonne Nationalboth at the Advanced Photon Source (APS). This redundancy

Armentrout, Matthew Martin

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Closer Look Reveals New Insights on Enzymatic Catalysts for H2 Production (Fact Sheet)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Researchers use spectroscopic tools to analyze H2 activation by [FeFe]-Hydrogenase HydA1 from Chlamydomonas reinhardtii.

Not Available

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

When mud volcanoes sleep: Insight from seep geochemistry at the Dashgil mud volcano, Azerbaijan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the Songliao basin form a major part of the basin fill and are the important petroleum reservoir rocks volcanic rocks could be derived from metasomatized enriched MORB-like sources, but the Cretaceous rhyolites: geochemistry, Nd-Sr-Pb isotopes, Mesozoic, volcanic rock, Songliao basin plate in Mesozoic (e.g., Zhao et al

Svensen, Henrik

414

Developing effective chronic disease interventions in Africa: insights from Ghana and Cameroon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.8 61.3 11 18 Physical Activity (insufficient in last 7 days) 7.8 13.2 - - Fruit and Vegetable Intake (insufficient intake) 39.6 38.2 - - Overweight prevalence (women) - 17.2 - 20.6 Obesity prevalence (women) 8.1 8.2 Sources: *IDF, 2003, cited by Mbanya... ) the majority of programme recipients remembered key aspects of the nutrition and healthy lifestyles messages; (2) the easiest lifestyles to adopt were drinking more water and eating more fruits and vegetables, a challeng- ing lifestyle was increasing physical...

de-Graft Aikins, Ama; Boynton, Petra; Atanga, Lem L

2010-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

415

Energy, the Environment and Behaviour Change: A survey of insights from behavioural economics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

frameworks are imperfect, participation can establish credibility and good will (Gowdy 2008). Given that the North got rich by burning fossil fuels is it fair to tell the developing world to stop using them? Stiglitz (2006) argues that a fair solution could... upfront/sunk costs may constrain for households, particularly those facing fuel poverty. Brutscher (2011a) analyses liquidity constraints on households in Northern Ireland Continuous Household Survey (NICHS) and finds that, whilst there is a positive...

Baddeley, Michelle

416

Insights into vitamin B?? production, acquisition, and use by marine microbes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The distribution and magnitude of marine primary production helps determine the ocean's role in global carbon cycling. Constraining factors that impact this productivity and elucidating selective pressures that drive the ...

Bertrand, Erin Marie

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Hurricane Isabel (2003): New Insights Into the Physics of Intense Storms. Part II: Extreme Localized Wind  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An unprecedented dataset of category-5 Hurricane Isabel was collected on 1214 September 2003. This two-part series focuses on novel dynamical and thermodynamical aspects of Isabel's inner-core structure on 13 September. In Part I, using a ...

Sim D. Aberson; Michael Black; Michael T. Montgomery; Michael Bell

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Mechanistic Insights into the Formation of InP Quantum Dots  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The molecular mechanism of InP colloidal quantum dot (QD) syntheses was investigated by NMR spectroscopy. Unlike methods for monodisperse PbSe and CdSe, existing InP syntheses result in total depletion of molecular phosphorous ...

Allen, Peter?M.

419

Structural Insights into Selective Histone H3 Recognition by the Human Polybromo bromodomain 2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Polybromo (PB) protein functions as a key component of the human PBAF chromatin remodeling complex in regulation of gene transcription. PB is made up of modular domains including six bromodomains that are known as acetyl-lysine binding domains. However, histone-binding specificity of the bromodomains of PB has remained elusive. In this study, we report biochemical characterization of all six PB bromodomains' binding to a suite of lysine-acetylated peptides derived from known acetylation sites on human core histones. We demonstrate that bromodomain 2 of PB preferentially recognizes acetylated lysine 14 of histone H3 (H3K14ac), a post-translational mark known for gene transcriptional activation. We further describe the molecular basis of the selective H3K14ac recognition of bromodomain 2 by solving the protein structures in both the free and bound forms using X-ray crystallography and NMR, respectively.

Charlop-Powers, Z.; Zeng, L; Zhang, Q; Zhou, M

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Chromatin accessibility reveals insights into androgen receptor activation and transcriptional specificity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

heat shock genes in chromatin are hypersensitive to DNase I.hypersensitive sites in chromatin. Annu Rev Biochem 1988,and function of active chromatin and DNase I hypersensitive

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "insight inforum interindustry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Microscopic Insights into the Electrochemical Behavior of Nonaqueous Electrolytes in Electric Double-Layer Capacitors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electric double-layer capacitors (EDLCs) are electrical devices that store energy by adsorption of ionic species at the inner surface of porous electrodes. Compared with aqueous electrolytes, ionic liquid and organic electrolytes have the advantage of larger potential windows, making them attractive for the next generation of EDLCs with superior energy and power densities. The performance of both ionic liquid and organic electrolyte EDLCs hinges on the judicious selection of the electrode pore size and the electrolyte composition, which requires a comprehension of the charging behavior from a microscopic view. In this Perspective, we discuss predictions from the classical density functional theory (CDFT) on the dependence of the capacitance on the pore size for ionic liquid and organic electrolyte EDLCs. CDFT is applicable to electrodes with the pore size ranging from that below the ionic dimensionality to mesoscopic scales, thus unique for investigating the electrochemical behavior of the confined electrolytes for EDLC applications.

Jiang, Deen [ORNL; Wu, Jianzhong [University of California, Riverside

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Microscopic Insights into the Electrochemical Behavior of Non-aqueous Electrolytes in Supercapacitors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electric double-layer capacitors (EDLC) are electrical devices that store energy by adsorption of ionic species at the inner surface of porous electrodes. Compared with aqueous electrolytes, ionic liquid and organic electrolytes have the advantage of larger potential windows, making them attractive for the next generation of EDLC with superior energy and power densities. The performance of both ionic liquid and organic electrolyte EDLC hinges on the judicious selection of the electrode pore size and the electrolyte composition that requires a comprehension of the charging behavior from a microscopic view. In this perspective, we discuss predictions from the classical density functional theory (CDFT) on the dependence of the capacitance on the pore size for ionic-liquid and organic-electrolyte EDLC. CDFT is applicable to electrodes with the pore size ranging from that below the ionic dimensionality to mesoscopic scales, thus unique for investigating the electrochemical behavior of the confined electrolytes for EDLC applications.

Jiang, Deen [ORNL; Wu, Jianzhong [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Insights from U.S. Experience to Guide International Reliance on Standardization: Achieving Supply Chain Sustainability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sustainability in supply chain operations fundamentally relies on environmental standards, the traditional driver of investment in pollution control and a major factor in facilities site selection. While environmental standardization has traditionally ... Keywords: Anticipatory Standards, Antitrust, Conformity Assessment, Consortium, Standards Development Activities SDA, Standards Development Organization SDO, Switching Costs, Voluntary Consensus Standards VCSs

John W. Bagby

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

New insights into Fragile X syndrome Relating genotype to phenotype at the molecular level  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

­10]. The sequence of FMRP hints at its function [11]. Nuclear localization and nuclear export signals (NLS and NES characterization. Using this KH1-KH2 construct we explicitly test a hypothesis that has been proposed to explain retardation protein; NLS, nuclear localization signal; NES, nuclear export signal; KH1 and KH2, K

Regan, Lynne

425

Novel Insights into the Diversity of Catabolic Metabolism from Ten Haloarchaeal Genomes  

SciTech Connect

The extremely halophilic archaea are present worldwide in saline environments and have important biotechnological applications. Ten complete genomes of haloarchaea are now available, providing an opportunity for comparative analysis. We report here the comparative analysis of five newly sequenced haloarchaeal genomes with five previously published ones. Whole genome trees based on protein sequences provide strong support for deep relationships between the ten organisms. Using a soft clustering approach, we identified 887 protein clusters present in all halophiles. Of these core clusters, 112 are not found in any other archaea and therefore constitute the haloarchaeal signature. Four of the halophiles were isolated from water, and four were isolated from soil or sediment. Although there are few habitat-specific clusters, the soil/sediment halophiles tend to have greater capacity for polysaccharide degradation, siderophore synthesis, and cell wall modification. Halorhabdus utahensis and Haloterrigena turkmenica encode over forty glycosyl hydrolases each, and may be capable of breaking down naturally occurring complex carbohydrates. H. utahensis is specialized for growth on carbohydrates and has few amino acid degradation pathways. It uses the non-oxidative pentose phosphate pathway instead of the oxidative pathway, giving it more flexibility in the metabolism of pentoses. These new genomes expand our understanding of haloarchaeal catabolic pathways, providing a basis for further experimental analysis, especially with regard to carbohydrate metabolism. Halophilic glycosyl hydrolases for use in biofuel production are more likely to be found in halophiles isolated from soil or sediment.

Anderson, Iain; Scheuner, Carmen; Goker, Markus; Mavromatis, Kostas; Hooper, Sean D.; Porat, Iris; Klenk, Hans-Peter; Ivanova, Natalia; Kyrpides, Nikos

2011-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

426

The mobile phone use in Mainland China: Some insights from an exploratory study in Beijing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

China is the primary market for the mobile phone (with almost 700 million of these devices) and one of the world's leading countries in ICT production. Inside Mainland China, the capital Beijing and the other coastal industrialized towns have been the ... Keywords: Beijing, China, Domestication, Mobile use, Practices of ICT use, Ritualization

Leopoldina Fortunati; Anna Maria Manganelli; Pui-lam Law; Shanhua Yang

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Challenges in Biomarker Discovery: Combining Expert Insights with Statistical Analysis of Complex Omics Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The advent of high throughput technologies capable of comprehensive analysis of genes, transcripts, proteins and other significant biological molecules has provided an unprecedented opportunity for the identification of molecular markers of disease processes. However, it has simultaneously complicated the problem of extracting meaningful signatures of biological processes from these complex datasets. The process of biomarker discovery and characterization provides opportunities both for purely statistical and expert knowledge-based approaches and would benefit from improved integration of the two. Areas covered In this review we will present examples of current practices for biomarker discovery from complex omic datasets and the challenges that have been encountered. We will then present a high-level review of data-driven (statistical) and knowledge-based methods applied to biomarker discovery, highlighting some current efforts to combine the two distinct approaches. Expert opinion Effective, reproducible and objective tools for combining data-driven and knowledge-based approaches to biomarker discovery and characterization are key to future success in the biomarker field. We will describe our recommendations of possible approaches to this problem including metrics for the evaluation of biomarkers.

McDermott, Jason E.; Wang, Jing; Mitchell, Hugh D.; Webb-Robertson, Bobbie-Jo M.; Hafen, Ryan P.; Ramey, John A.; Rodland, Karin D.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Charge separation in nanoscale photovoltaic materials: recent insights from first-principles electronic structure theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to obey a single unique model but rather depend on atomistic details. Examples are provided theory for reliably predicting and designing new materials suitable for charge separation in photovoltaic of great interest to explore whether comparable photovoltaic (PV) efficiencies can be achieved using

Wu, Zhigang

429

Ocean Heat Transport, Sea Ice, and Multiple Climate States: Insights from Energy Balance Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Several extensions of energy balance models (EBMs) are explored in which (i) sea ice acts to insulate the atmosphere from the ocean and (ii) ocean heat transport is allowed to have some meridional structure controlled by the wind, with minima at ...

Brian E. J. Rose; John Marshall

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Neutralization: new insights into the problem of employee systems security policy violations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Employees' failure to comply with information systems security policies is a major concern for information technology security managers. In efforts to understand this problem, IS security researchers have traditionally viewed violations of IS security ... Keywords: IS security, IS security policies, compliance, deterrence theory, neutralization theory

Mikko Siponen; Anthony Vance

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

An Insight into a Solid State Coating Process for High Temperature ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A comparison with the coating produced via thermal spray, cold spray and arc cladding processes ... A Review of Metallic Systems Used in Offshore, Sour Environments: The Effect of ... High-temperature Foam-reinforced Thermal Insulation.

432

Comparative analysis of tandem repeats from hundreds of species reveals unique insights into centromere evolution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

41 MYA. In contrast, sorghum-maize (9 MYA) and Hor- deum-similar. The closely related Sorghum and Miscanthus speciesrelated Zea species and Sorghum species or between Oryza

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Metagenomic and metaproteomic insights into bacterial communities in leaf-cutter ant fungus gardens  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Herbivores gain access to nutrients stored in plant biomass largely by harnessing the metabolic activities of microbes. Leaf-cutter ants of the genus Atta are a hallmark example; these dominant Neotropical herbivores cultivate symbiotic fungus gardens on massive quantities of fresh plant forage. As the external digestive system of the ants, fungus gardens facilitate the production and sustenance of millions of workers in mature Atta colonies. Here we use metagenomic, and metaproteomic techniques to characterize the bacterial diversity and overall physiological potential of fungus gardens from two species of Atta. Our analysis of over 1.2 Gbp of community metagenomic sequence and three 16S pyrotag libraries reveals that, in addition to harboring the dominant fungal crop, these ecosystems contain abundant populations of Enterobacteriaceae, including the genera Enterobacter, Pantoea, Klebsiella, Citrobacter, and Escherichia. We show that these bacterial communities possess genes commonly associated with lignocellulose degradation, and likely participate in the processing of plant biomass. Additionally, we demonstrate that bacteria in these environments encode a diverse suite of biosynthetic pathways, and that they may enrich the nitrogen-poor forage of the ants with B-vitamins, amino acids, and proteins. These results are consistent with the hypothesis that fungus gardens are highly-specialized fungus-bacteria communities that efficiently convert plant material into usable energy for their ant hosts. Together with recent investigations into the microbial symbionts of vertebrates, our work underscores the importance of microbial communities to the ecology and evolution of herbivorous metazoans.

Aylward, Frank O.; Burnum, Kristin E.; Scott, Jarrod J.; Suen, Garret; Tringe, Susannah G.; Adams, Sandra M.; Barry, Kerrie W.; Nicora, Carrie D.; Piehowski, Paul D.; Purvine, Samuel O.; Starrett, Gabriel J.; Goodwin, Lynne A.; Smith, Richard D.; Lipton, Mary S.; Currie, Cameron R.

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Insight in the Organic-Mineral Interface Structure of Intact Human ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Here, we will present our recent results on a solid state NMR investigation of the structure of the organic-mineral interface in intact human bone samples.

435

Structural insight into the interaction of amyloid- peptide with biological membranes by solid state NMR.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

state NMR. Gerhard Gröbnera , Clemens Glaubitzb , Philip T. F. Williamsonc , Timothy Hadinghamd this information is very challenging since any structural biology method including NMR has to deal with a very complex, non-cyrstalline, and disordered system. Perspectives on Solid State NMR in Biology (Eds. S

Watts, Anthony

436

Multiscaling in Hall-Magnetohydrodynamic Turbulence: Insights from a Shell Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that a shell-model version of the three-dimensional Hall-magnetohydrodynamic (3D Hall-MHD) equations provides a natural theoretical model for investigating the multiscaling behaviors of velocity and magnetic structure functions. We carry out extensive numerical studies of this shell model, obtain the scaling exponents for its structure functions, in both the low-$k$ and high-$k$ power-law ranges of 3D Hall-MHD, and find that the extended-self-similarity (ESS) procedure is helpful in extracting the multiscaling nature of structure functions in the high-$k$ regime, which otherwise appears to display simple scaling. Our results shed light on intriguing solar-wind measurements.

Debarghya Banerjee; Samriddhi Sankar Ray; Ganapati Sahoo; Rahul Pandit

2013-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

437

Accepted Manuscript Some insights on the recent spate of accidents in Indian Railways  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-Vadodara-Surat 86.29 western 3 Bhusaval-Manmad-Kalyan 81.29 western 4 Delhi-Mathura-Agra 80.57 IGP 5 Amritsar-Jalandhar-Ambala-Jabalpur-Itarsi 67.71 central 9 Agra-Gwalior-Jhansi 64.71 central 10 Ambala-Panipat-Delhi 60.86 northern 11 Kanpur parts of the country. For instance, the Amritsar-Jalandhar- Ambala (ranked 5) and Ambala

Ganguly, Niloy

438

Biogeochemistry of the Amazonian Floodplains: Insights from Six End-Member Mixing Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The influence of Amazonian floodplains on the hydrological, sedimentary, and biogeochemical river budget was investigated along the Vargem Grandebidos reach, by applying six mixing models based on variable regional and/or variable hydrological ...

Vincent Bustillo; Reynaldo Luiz Victoria; Jose Mauro Sousa de Moura; Daniel de Castro Victoria; Andre Marcondes Andrade Toledo; Erich Collicchio

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Insights and Opportunities: Technologies, Policies, and Markets for Clean Energy Solutions (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

A presentation highlighting how strategic energy analysis can affect technologies, policies, and markets for clean energy solutions. This includes an overview of some of NREL's models and tools as well as results from laboratory analysis.

Arent, D.

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

NEW EXPERIMENTAL INSIGHTS INTO THE PRODUCTION OF SUPER-HEAVY ELEMENTS USING HEAVY ION REACTIONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

H. M. F. US Blann; US ERDA Report C00-3494-29, Rochester,Rev. C _U, 508 (1975); ERDA Report C00-3494-32, "Overlaid

Otto, R.J.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "insight inforum interindustry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

SOLAR CYCLE PROPAGATION, MEMORY, AND PREDICTION: INSIGHTS FROM A CENTURY OF MAGNETIC PROXIES  

SciTech Connect

The solar cycle and its associated magnetic activity are the main drivers behind changes in the interplanetary environment and Earth's upper atmosphere (commonly referred to as space weather). These changes have a direct impact on the lifetime of space-based assets and can create hazards to astronauts in space. In recent years there has been an effort to develop accurate solar cycle predictions (with aims at predicting the long-term evolution of space weather), leading to nearly a hundred widely spread predictions for the amplitude of solar cycle 24. A major contributor to the disagreement is the lack of direct long-term databases covering different components of the solar magnetic field (toroidal versus poloidal). Here, we use sunspot area and polar faculae measurements spanning a full century (as our toroidal and poloidal field proxies) to study solar cycle propagation, memory, and prediction. Our results substantiate predictions based on the polar magnetic fields, whereas we find sunspot area to be uncorrelated with cycle amplitude unless multiplied by area-weighted average tilt. This suggests that the joint assimilation of tilt and sunspot area is a better choice (with aims to cycle prediction) than sunspot area alone, and adds to the evidence in favor of active region emergence and decay as the main mechanism of poloidal field generation (i.e., the Babcock-Leighton mechanism). Finally, by looking at the correlation between our poloidal and toroidal proxies across multiple cycles, we find solar cycle memory to be limited to only one cycle.

Munoz-Jaramillo, Andres; DeLuca, Edward E. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Dasi-Espuig, Maria [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Sonnensystemforschung, D-37191 Katlenburg-Lindau (Germany); Balmaceda, Laura A., E-mail: amunoz@cfa.harvard.edu, E-mail: edeluca@cfa.harvard.edu, E-mail: dasi@mps.mpg.de, E-mail: lbalmaceda@icate-conicet.gob.ar [Institute for Astronomical, Terrestrial and Space Sciences (ICATE-CONICET), San Juan (Argentina)

2013-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

442

Aqua ions-graphene interfacial and confinement behavior: Insights from isobaric-isothermal molecular dynamics  

SciTech Connect

We carry out a systematic microstructural characterization of the solidfluid interface (SFI) of water and simple metal chloride aqueous solutions in contact with a free-standing plate or with two such plates separated by an interplate distance 0 ? h () ? 30 at ambient conditions via isothermalisobaric molecular dynamics. With this characterization, we target the interrogation of the system in search for answers to fundamental questions regarding the structure of the external and internal (confined) SFIs, the effect of the differential hydration behavior among species, and its link to species expulsion from confinement. For water at ambient conditions, we found that the structure of the external SFIs is independent of the interplate distance h in the range 0 ? h () ? 30, that is, the absence of wall-mediated correlation effects between external and internal SFIs, and that for h < 9 the slit-pores dewet. Moreover, we observed a selective expulsion of ions caused by the differential hydration between the anion and the cations with a consequent charging of the slit-pore. All these observations were interpreted in terms of the axial profiles for precisely defined order parameters, including tetrahedral configuration, hydrogen bonding, and species coordination numbers.

Chialvo, A. A.; Cummings, Peter T.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Acid/base equilibria in clusters and their role in proton exchange membranes: Computational insight  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

We describe molecular orbital theory and ab initio molecular dynamics studies of acid/base equilibria of clusters AH:(H2O)n ? A-:H+(H2O)n in low hydration regime (n=1-4), where AH is a model of perfluorinated sulfonic acids, RSO3H, encountered in polymeric electrolyte membranes of fuel cells. Free energy calculations on the neutral and ion pair structures for n=3 indicate that the two configurations are close in energy and are accessible in the fluctuation dynamics of proton transport. For n=1,2 the only relevant configuration is the neutral form. This was verified through ab initio metadynamics simulations. These findings suggest that bases are directly involved in the proton transport at low hydration levels. In addition, the gas phase proton affinity of the model sulfonic acid RSO3H was found to be comparable to the proton affinity of water. Thus, protonated acids can also play a role in proton transport under low hydration conditions and under high concentration of protons. This work was supported by the Division of Chemical Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, US Department of Energy (DOE under Contract DE-AC05-76RL)1830. Computations were performed on computers of the Molecular Interactions and Transformations (MI&T) group and MSCF facility of EMSL, sponsored by US DOE and OBER located at PNNL. This work was benefited from resource of the National Energy Research Scientific Computing Centre, supported by the Office of Science of the US DOE, under Contract No. DE-AC03-76SF00098.

Glezakou, Vanda A.; Dupuis, Michel; Mundy, Christopher J.

2007-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

444

IBM Center for Applied Insights Energy and Utilities The value of smarter energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy investment · Monitoring and grid automation · Smart metering · Advanced distribution management existing smart grid initiatives Taking a holistic approach to grid optimization and orchestra- tion the world. Case studies of 15 utilities were conducted to estimate potential benefits, addressing smart grid

445

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - Sector  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1. Comparisons of electricity projections, 2025, 2035, and 2040 1. Comparisons of electricity projections, 2025, 2035, and 2040 (billion kilowatthours, except where noted) Other projections Projection 2011 AEO2013 Reference case EVA IHSGI INFORUM ICF NREL 2025 2026 Average end-use price (2011 cents per kilowatthour)a 9.9 9.5 -- 11.2 10.0 -- 10.4 Residential 11.7 11.6 -- 13.3 11.8 -- -- Commercial 10.2 9.7 -- 11.6 10.3 -- -- Industrial 6.8 6.5 -- 7.6 6.8 -- -- Total generation including CHP plus imports 4,130 4,612 4,570 5,207 4,296 4,860 4,693 Coal 1,730 1,727 1,726 1,605 -- -- 1,860 Petroleum 28 18 -- 33 -- -- 0 Natural gasb 1,000 1,252 1,387 1,732 -- -- 1,041 Nuclear 790 912 890 923 -- -- 794 Hydroelectric/otherc 544 681 567 852 -- -- 997

446

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - Sector  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2. Comparisons of natural gas projections, 2025, 2035, and 2040 2. Comparisons of natural gas projections, 2025, 2035, and 2040 (trillion cubic feet, except where noted) Other projections Projection 2011 AEO2013 Reference case IHSGI EVA ICF ExxonMobil INFORUM 2025 Dry gas productiona 23.00 28.59 32.29 29.86b 32.39 -- 26.26 Net imports 1.95 -1.58 -1.45 1.05 -0.63 -- -- Pipeline 1.67 -0.52 -- 2.21 0.60 -- -- LNG 0.28 -1.06 -- -1.16 -1.23 -- -- Consumption 24.37 26.87 30.87 31.49 30.34c 29.00c 23.61d Residential 4.72 4.44 4.58 4.98 5.05 7.00f 4.84 Commercial 3.16 3.35 3.23 3.33 3.01 -- 3.42 Industrialf 6.77 7.82 7.31 8.23 8.79 9.00 7.07 Electricity generatorsg 7.60 8.45 12.57 11.75 10.83 13.00 8.28 Othersh 2.11 2.81 3.19 3.20 2.66 0.00i --

447

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - Sector  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0. Comparisons of energy consumption by sector projections, 2025, 2035, and 2040 0. Comparisons of energy consumption by sector projections, 2025, 2035, and 2040 (quadrillion Btu) Sector AEO2013 Reference INFORUM IHSGI ExxonMobil IEA 2011 Residential 11.3 11.5 10.8 -- -- Residential excluding electricity 6.4 6.6 6.0 5.0 -- Commercial 8.6 8.6 8.5 -- -- Commercial excluding electricity 4.1 4.1 4.0 4.0 -- Buildings sector 19.9 20.1 19.3 -- 19.3a Industrial 24.0 23.6 -- -- 23.7a Industrial excluding electricity 20.7 20.2 -- 20.0 -- Lossesb 0.7 -- -- -- -- Natural gas feedstocks 0.5 -- -- -- -- Industrial removing losses and feedstocks 22.9 -- 21.7 -- -- Transportation 27.1 27.2 26.2 27.0 23.1a Electric power 39.4 39.2 40.5 37.0 37.2a Less: electricity demandc 12.7 12.8 12.7 -- 15.0a

448

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - Sector  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1. Comparisons of electricity projections, 2025, 2035, and 2040 1. Comparisons of electricity projections, 2025, 2035, and 2040 (billion kilowatthours, except where noted) Other projections Projection 2011 AEO2013 Reference case EVA IHSGI INFORUM ICF NREL 2025 2026 Average end-use price (2011 cents per kilowatthour)a 9.9 9.5 -- 11.2 10.0 -- 10.4 Residential 11.7 11.6 -- 13.3 11.8 -- -- Commercial 10.2 9.7 -- 11.6 10.3 -- -- Industrial 6.8 6.5 -- 7.6 6.8 -- -- Total generation including CHP plus imports 4,130 4,612 4,570 5,207 4,296 4,860 4,693 Coal 1,730 1,727 1,726 1,605 -- -- 1,860 Petroleum 28 18 -- 33 -- -- 0 Natural gasb 1,000 1,252 1,387 1,732 -- -- 1,041 Nuclear 790 912 890 923 -- -- 794 Hydroelectric/otherc 544 681 567 852 -- -- 997

449

U.S. Energy Information Administration | Annual Energy Outlook 2013  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Table 14. Comparisons of coal projections, 2011-2040 (million short tons, except where noted) Projection 2011 AEO2013 Reference case Other projections (million short tons) (quadrillion Btu) EVA a ICF b IHSGI INFORUM IEA Exxon- Mobil c (million short tons) (quadrillion Btu) 2025 Production 1,096 1,113 22.54 958 1,104 1,107 1,061 -- -- East of the Mississippi 456 447 -- 402 445 -- -- -- -- West of the Mississippi 639 666 -- 556 659 -- -- -- -- Consumption Electric power 929 929 17.66 786 939 864 -- -- 13 Coke plants 21 22 0.58 22 15 19 -- -- -- Coal-to-liquids -- 6 -- -- 36 -- -- -- -- Other industrial/buildings 49 53 1.69 d 29 72 44 1.96 d -- -- Total consumption (quadrillion Btu) 19.66 -- 19.35 -- -- 18.34 -- -- 13 Total consumption (million short tons) 999 1,010 -- 836 1,061 927 1,015 e -- -- Net coal exports (million short tons) 96 124 -- 118 43 181 46 -- --

451

Nikon Instruments Inc. | Resource Center -Research Papers -New insights into DNA repair http://www.nikoninstruments.com/Resource-Center/Research-Papers/New-insights-into-DNA-repair[4/10/2012 10:42:30 AM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, such as exposure to UV light, other forms of radiation, and certain environmental chemicals. DNA repair processes was performed using an Eclipse TE2000-U inverted microscope with a total internal reflection fluorescence (TIRF

Kowalczykowski, Stephen C.

452

The effects of gas-fluid-rock interactions on CO2 injection and storage: Insights from reactive transport modeling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

fruitful discussions with ExxonMobil colleagues Will Maze,manuscript. Permission by ExxonMobil to release the paper isKarsten Pruess b a b ExxonMobil Upstream Research Company,

Xu, T.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Tourism and the rural culture economy in New Zealand: insights from the inner rural bays, Banks Peninsula.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??During the 1980s in New Zealand, government-led bouts of economic restructuring destabilised the traditional economic foundations upon which many rural communities survived. Since then, and (more)

Mackay, Michael

454

Feasibility of Wholesale Electricity Competition in a Developing Country: Insights from Simulating a Market in Maharashtra State, India  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

World Bank Group Energy Program Implementation Progressof World Bank Lending for Electric Power. Energy SeriesThe World Bank ______ (2004). Renewing Our Energy Business,

Phadke, Amol

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Anthropogenic impacts on global storage and emissions of mercury from terrestrial soils: Insights from a new global  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

[1] We develop a mechanistic global model of soil mercury storage and emissions that ties the lifetime of mercury in soils to the lifetime of the organic carbon pools it is associated with. We explore the implications of considering terrestrial mercury cycling in the framework of soil carbon cycling and suggest possible avenues of future research to test our assumptions and constrain this type of model. In our simulation, input of mercury to soil is by atmospheric deposition, in part through leaf uptake and subsequent litter fall, and is moderated by surface photoreduction and revolatilization. Once bound to organic carbon, mercury is transferred along a succession of short?lived to long?lived carbon pools and is ultimately reemitted by respiration of these pools. We examine the legacy of anthropogenic influence on global mercury storage and emissions and estimate that storage of mercury in organic soils has increased by ?20 % since preindustrial times, while soil emissions have increased by a factor of 3 (2900 Mg yr ?1 versus 1000 Mg yr ?1). At steady state, mercury accumulates in the most recalcitrant soil carbon pools and has an overall lifetime against respiration of 630 years. However, the impact of anthropogenic emissions since preindustrial times has been concentrated in more labile pools, so that the mean lifetime of present?day anthropogenic mercury in all pools is ?80 years. Our analysis suggests that reductions in anthropogenic emissions would lead to immediate and large reductions in secondary soil mercury emissions.

Nicole V Smith?downey; Elsie M. Sunderl; Daniel J. Jacob

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Complete genome of the cellyloytic thermophile Acidothermus cellulolyticus 11B provides insights into its ecophysiological and evloutionary adaptations  

SciTech Connect

We present here the complete 2.4 Mb genome of the cellulolytic actinobacterial thermophile, Acidothermus cellulolyticus 11B. New secreted glycoside hydrolases and carbohydrate esterases were identified in the genome, revealing a diverse biomass-degrading enzyme repertoire far greater than previously characterized, and significantly elevating the industrial value of this organism. A sizable fraction of these hydrolytic enzymes break down plant cell walls and the remaining either degrade components in fungal cell walls or metabolize storage carbohydrates such as glycogen and trehalose, implicating the relative importance of these different carbon sources. A novel feature of the A. cellulolyticus secreted cellulolytic and xylanolytic enzymes is that they are fused to multiple tandemly arranged carbohydrate binding modules (CBM), from families 2 and 3. Interestingly, CBM3 was found to be always N-terminal to CBM2, suggesting a functional constraint driving this organization. While the catalytic domains of these modular enzymes are either diverse or unrelated, the CBMs were found to be highly conserved in sequence and may suggest selective substrate-binding interactions. For the most part, thermophilic patterns in the genome and proteome of A. cellulolyticus were weak, which may be reflective of the recent evolutionary history of A. cellulolyticus since its divergence from its closest phylogenetic neighbor Frankia, a mesophilic plant endosymbiont and soil dweller. However, ribosomal proteins and non-coding RNAs (rRNA and tRNAs) in A. cellulolyticus showed thermophilic traits suggesting the importance of adaptation of cellular translational machinery to environmental temperature. Elevated occurrence of IVYWREL amino acids in A. cellulolyticus orthologs compared to mesophiles, and inverse preferences for G and A at the first and third codon positions also point to its ongoing thermoadaptation. Additional interesting features in the genome of this cellulolytic, hot-springs dwelling prokaryote include a low occurrence of pseudogenes or mobile genetic elements, an unexpected complement of flagellar genes, and presence of three laterally-acquired genomic islands of likely ecophysiological value.

Barabote, Ravi D.; Xie, Gary; Leu, David H.; Normand, Philippe; Necsulea, Anamaria; Daubin, Vincent; Medigue, Claudine; Adney, William S.; Xu,Xin Clare; Lapidus, Alla; Detter, Chris; Pujic, Petar; Bruce, David; Lavire, Celine; Challacombe, Jean F.; Brettin, Thomas S.; Berry, Alison M.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Timing and patterns of ENSO signal in Africa over the last 30 years: insights from Normalized Difference Vegetation Index data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A more complete picture of the timing and patterns of ENSO signal during the seasonal cycle for the whole of Africa over the three last decades is provided using the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index. Indeed, NDVI has a higher spatial ...

N Philippon; N Martiny; P Camberlin; M. T Hoffman; V Gond

458

New Insights into the Ocean Heat Budget Closure Problem from Analysis of the SOC AirSea Flux Climatology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Results from an analysis of the Southampton Oceanography Centre (SOC) global airsea heat flux climatology, which has been calculated using in situ weather reports from voluntary observing ships covering the period 198093, are presented. ...

Simon A. Josey; Elizabeth C. Kent; Peter K. Taylor

1999-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

A Fresh Perspective for Managing Water in California: Insights from Applying the European Water Framework Directive to the Russian River  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

non-point source pollution from land use activities, whichdiffuse pollution sources from land use activities (agland use Coyote Dam Abstractions for agricultural water use; industrial and urban pollution

Grantham, Ted; Christian-Smith, Juliet; Kondolf, G. Mathias; Scheuer, Stefan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

New insights into potential functions for the protein 4.1superfamily of proteins in kidney epithelium  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Members of the protein 4.1 family of adapter proteins are expressed in a broad panel of tissues including various epithelia where they likely play an important role in maintenance of cell architecture and polarity and in control of cell proliferation. We have recently characterized the structure and distribution of three members of the protein 4.1 family, 4.1B, 4.1R and 4.1N, in mouse kidney. We describe here binding partners for renal 4.1 proteins, identified through the screening of a rat kidney yeast two-hybrid system cDNA library. The identification of putative protein 4.1-based complexes enables us to envision potential functions for 4.1 proteins in kidney: organization of signaling complexes, response to osmotic stress, protein trafficking, and control of cell proliferation. We discuss the relevance of these protein 4.1-based interactions in kidney physio-pathology in the context of their previously identified functions in other cells and tissues. Specifically, we will focus on renal 4.1 protein interactions with beta amyloid precursor protein (beta-APP), 14-3-3 proteins, and the cell swelling-activated chloride channel pICln. We also discuss the functional relevance of another member of the protein 4.1 superfamily, ezrin, in kidney physiopathology.

Calinisan, Venice; Gravem, Dana; Chen, Ray Ping-Hsu; Brittin,Sachi; Mohandas, Narla; Lecomte, Marie-Christine; Gascard, Philippe

2005-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "insight inforum interindustry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Efficient and Reliable Reactive Power Supply and Consumption -- Insights from an Integrated Program of Engineering and Economic Research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Regulatory Commission (FERC) began discussing regulatoryfor evaluating aspects of FERC staff recommendations andpower by suppliers. 1. The FERC Staff Report FERCs 2005

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

New insights into North America-Pacific plate boundary deformation from Lake Tahoe, Salton Sea and Southern Baja California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the Pacifi c fl oor offshore of Peninsular California: inof the Pacifi c fl oor offshore of Peninsular California: in2005). In addition to offshore studies, an exca- vation

Brothers, Daniel Stephen

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Feasibility of Wholesale Electricity Competition in a Developing Country: Insights from Simulating a Market in Maharashtra State, India  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

B. (2001). The California Electricity Crisis: Lessons forMagic or Mayhem? The Electricity Journal Vol 17, No 7,a Deregulated California Electricity Industry. Journal of

Phadke, Amol

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Bioenergy Sustainability at the Regional Scale2 In press with Ecology and Society as an Insight Article5  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Bioenergy Sustainability at the Regional Scale2 3 4 In press with Ecology and Society Mulholland1 , G. Philip Robertson3 8 9 10 1 Center for Bioenergy Sustainability, Environmental Sciences by the UT-Battelle, LLC, for DOE under contract DE-AC05-00OR22725.32 33 #12;Bioenergy Sustainability

465

Biogeochemistry of Carbon in the Amazonian Floodplains over a 2000-km Reach: Insights from a Process-Based Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The influence of Amazonian floodplains on the hydrological, sedimentary, and biogeochemical river budget was investigated over a 2000-km reach. A process-based model relying on the closure of chemical fluxes and isotopic signals was implemented. ...

Vincent Bustillo; Reynaldo Luiz Victoria; Jose Mauro Sousa de Moura; Daniel de Castro Victoria; Andre Marcondes Andrade Toledo; Erich Colicchio

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Identifying Signatures of Natural Climate Variability in Time Series of Global-Mean Surface Temperature: Methodology and Insights  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Global-mean surface temperature is affected by both natural variability and anthropogenic forcing. This study is concerned with identifying and removing from global-mean temperatures the signatures of natural climate variability over the period ...

David W. J. Thompson; John M. Wallace; Phil D. Jones; John J. Kennedy

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

PAPER www.rsc.org/pps | Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences New insights in the photochromic spiro-dihydroindolizine/betaine-system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Organic Chemistry Faculty of Exact and Natural Sciences Tbilisi State University, No.3 Ilia Chavchavadze Ave., Tbilisi 0128, II TSU building, Georgia. E-mail: eli_go@web.de This paper was published as part

Turro, Claudia

468

The Whole Genome Sequence of Sphingobium chlorophenolicum L-1: Insights into the Evolution of the Pentachlorophenol Degradation Pathway  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sphingobium chlorophenolicum Strain L-1 can mineralize the toxic pesticide pentachlorophenol (PCP). We have sequenced the genome of S. chlorophenolicum Strain L-1. The genome consists of a primary chromosome that encodes most of the genes for core processes, a secondary chromosome that encodes primarily genes that appear to be involved in environmental adaptation, and a small plasmid. The genes responsible for degradation of PCP are found on chromosome 2. We have compared the genomes of S. chlorophenolicum Strain L-1 and Sphingobium japonicum, a closely related Sphingomonad that degrades lindane. Our analysis suggests that the genes encoding the first three enzymes in the PCP degradation pathway were acquired via two different horizontal gene transfer events, and the genes encoding the final two enzymes in the pathway were acquired from the most recent common ancestor of these two bacteria.

Copley, Shelley D. [University of Colorado; Rokicki, Joseph [University of Colorado; Turner, Pernilla [University of Colorado; Daligault, Hajnalka E. [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Nolan, Matt [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Land, Miriam L [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Understanding Changes in the Asian Summer Monsoon over the Past Millennium: Insights from a Long-Term Coupled Model Simulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Asian summer monsoon (ASM) and its variability were investigated over the past millennium through the analysis of a long-term simulation of the NCAR Climate System Model, version 1.4 (CSM 1.4) coupled model driven with estimated natural and ...

Fangxing Fan; Michael E. Mann; Caspar M. Ammann

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Mutations Altering the Interplay between GkDnaC Helicase and DNA Reveal an Insight into Helicase Unwinding  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Replicative helicases are essential molecular machines that utilize energy derived from NTP hydrolysis to move along nucleic acids and to unwind double-stranded DNA (dsDNA). Our earlier crystal structure of the hexameric helicase from Geobacillus kaustophilus HTA426 (GkDnaC) in complex with single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) suggested several key residues responsible for DNA binding that likely play a role in DNA translocation during the unwinding process. Here, we demonstrated that the unwinding activities of mutants with substitutions at these key residues in GkDnaC are 24-fold higher than that of wildtype protein. We also observed the faster unwinding velocities in these mutants using single-molecule experiments. A partial loss in the interaction of helicase with ssDNA leads to an enhancement in helicase efficiency, while their ATPase activities remain unchanged. In strong contrast, adding accessory proteins (DnaG or DnaI) to GkDnaC helicase alters the ATPase, unwinding efficiency and the unwinding velocity of the helicase. It suggests that the unwinding velocity of helicase

Yu-hua Lo; Shih-wei Liu; Yuh-ju Sun; Hung-wen Lizz; Chwan-deng Hsiao

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Complete genome of the cellyloytic thermophile Acidothermus cellulolyticus 11B provides insights into its ecophysiological and evloutionary adaptations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Holliday junction DNA helicase B hypothetical proteinprotein, and the fourth has a helicase domain and could be ahypothetical protein helicase domain protein conserved

Barabote, Ravi D.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Feasibility of Wholesale Electricity Competition in a Developing Country: Insights from Simulating a Market in Maharashtra State, India  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NPC), and the National Hydro Power Corporation (NHPC). Theseis unlikely that the hydro power projects in MH state willthermal power plants, hydro power plants face a constraint

Phadke, Amol

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Feasibility of Wholesale Electricity Competition in a Developing Country: Insights from Simulating a Market in Maharashtra State, India  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

unique opportunities for demand response. I also analyze thecontracts. I find that demand response and the presence ofwhen opportunities for demand response are combined with

Phadke, Amol

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

A Fresh Perspective for Managing Water in California: Insights from Applying the European Water Framework Directive to the Russian River  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the European Water Framework Directive to the Russian RiverEuropean Water Framework Directive to the Russian River 7.0of the Water Framework Directive at the end of 2004. A

Grantham, Ted; Christian-Smith, Juliet; Kondolf, G. Mathias; Scheuer, Stefan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Direct Experimental Evaluation of the Grain Boundaries Gas Content in PWR fuels: New Insight and Perspective of the ADAGIO Technique  

SciTech Connect

Over the last decades, many analytical experiments (in-pile and out-of-pile) have underlined the active role of the inter-granular gases on the global fuel transient behavior under accidental conditions such as RIA and/or LOCA. In parallel, the improvement of fission gas release modeling in nuclear fuel performance codes needs direct experimental determination/validation regarding the local gas distribution inside the fuel sample. In this context, an experimental program, called 'ADAGIO' (French acronym for Discriminating Analysis of Accumulation of Inter-granular and Occluded Gas), has been initiated through a joint action of CEA, EDF and AREVA NP in order to develop a new device/technique for quantitative and direct measurement of local fission gas distribution within an irradiated fuel pellet. ADAGIO technique is based on the fact that fission gas inventory (intra and inter-granular parts) can be distinguished by controlled fuel oxidation, since grain boundaries oxidize faster than the bulk. The purpose of the current paper is to present both the methodology and the associated results of the ADAGIO program performed at CEA. It has been divided into two main parts: (i) feasibility (UO{sub 2} and MOX fuels), (ii) application on high burn up UO{sub 2} fuel. (authors)

Pontillon, Y.; Noirot, J.; Caillot, L. [Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique, DEN/DEC/SA3C, Centre d'Etudes de Cadarache, BP1, 13108 Saint Paul Les Durance (France); Muller, E. [Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique, DEN/DEC/SESC, Centre d'Etudes de Cadarache, BP1, 13108 Saint Paul Les Durance (France)

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Insights in High-Temperature Superconductivity from the Study of Films and Heterostructures Synthesized by Molecular Beam Epitaxy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using molecular beam epitaxy, we synthesize atomically smooth thin films, multilayers and superlattices of cuprate high-temperature superconductors (HTS). Such heterostructures enable novel experiments that probe the basicphysics of HTS. For example, we have established that HTS and antiferromagnetic phases separate on ngstrom scale, while the pseudo-gap state apparently mixes with HTS over an anomalously large length scale ('Giant Proximity Effect'). Here, we briefly review our most recent experiments on such films and superlattices. The new results include an unambiguous demonstration of strong coupling of in-plane charge excitations to out-of-plane lattice vibrations and the discovery of interface HTS.

Bozovic,I.

2009-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

477

New Insights on the Chemical Composition of the Siberian Air Shed from the YAK-AEROSIB Aircraft Campaigns  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There are very few large-scale observations of the chemical composition of the Siberian airshed. The Airborne Extensive Regional Observations in Siberia (YAK-AEROSIB) FrenchRussian research program aims to fill this gap by collecting repeated ...

Jean-Daniel Paris; Philippe Ciais; Philippe Ndlec; Andreas Stohl; Boris D. Belan; Mikhail Yu. Arshinov; Claire Carouge; Georgii S. Golitsyn; Igor G. Granberg

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Using Twentieth-Century U.S. Weather Modification Policy to Gain Insight into Global Climate Remediation Governance Issues  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations increasing and binding agreements to reduce anthropogenic emissions wanting, interest in geoengineering as a climate remediation option to be used in tandem with climate change mitigation is growing. ...

Rachel Hauser

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

A Fresh Perspective for Managing Water in California: Insights from Applying the European Water Framework Directive to the Russian River  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Agency. The agencys financial statements are difficult toestimates, financial and budget statements of water service

Grantham, Ted; Christian-Smith, Juliet; Kondolf, G. Mathias; Scheuer, Stefan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Feasibility of Wholesale Electricity Competition in a Developing Country: Insights from Simulating a Market in Maharashtra State, India  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Direct Transmission (HVDC) lines. However, the inter-Madhya Pradesh Southern Region HVDC Total Capacity (MW)

Phadke, Amol

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "insight inforum interindustry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Insights into the mechanisms on chemical reactions: reaction paths for chemical reactions. [Li + HF; OH + H/sub 2/  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

We report reaction paths for two prototypical chemical reactions: Li + HF, an electron transfer reaction, and OH + H/sub 2/, an abstraction reaction. In the first reaction we consider the connection between the energetic terms in the reaction path Hamiltonian and the electronic changes which occur upon reaction. In the second reaction we consider the treatment of vibrational effects in chemical reactions in the reaction path formalism. 30 refs., 9 figs.

Dunning, T.H. Jr.; Rosen, E.; Eades, R.A.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

New Insights into North European and North Atlantic Surface Pressure Variability, Storminess, and Related Climatic Change since 1830  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors present initial results of a new pan-European and international storminess since 1800 as interpreted from European and North Atlantic barometric pressure variability (SENABAR) project. This first stage analyzes results of a new daily ...

Edward Hanna; John Cappelen; Rob Allan; Trausti Jnsson; Frank Le Blancq; Tim Lillington; Kieran Hickey

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Clusters of proteins in bio-membranes: insights into the roles of interaction potential shapes and of protein diversity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It has recently been proposed that proteins embedded in lipidic bio-membranes can spontaneously self-organize into stable small clusters, or membrane nano-domains, due to the competition between short-range attractive and longer-range repulsive forces between proteins, specific to these systems. In this paper, we carry on our investigation, by Monte Carlo simulations, of different aspects of cluster phases of proteins in bio-membranes. First, we compare different long-range potentials (including notably three-body terms) to demonstrate that the existence of cluster phases should be quite generic. Furthermore, a real membrane contains hundreds of different protein species that are far from being randomly distributed in these nano-domains. We take this protein diversity into account by modulating protein-protein interaction potentials both at short and longer range. We confirm theoretical predictions in terms of biological cluster specialization by deciphering how clusters recruit only a few protein species. In this respect, we highlight that cluster phases can turn out to be an advantage at the biological level, for example by enhancing the cell response to external stimuli.

Nicolas Meilhac; Nicolas Destainville

2011-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

484

Efficient and Reliable Reactive Power Supply and Consumption -- Insights from an Integrated Program of Engineering and Economic Research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC), recently certified by FERC to be the Electricity Reliability Organization (ERO) created under the Energy Policy

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Multiscale Convective Wave Disturbances in the Tropics: Insights from a Two-Dimensional Cloud-Resolving Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Multiscale convective wave disturbances with structures broadly resembling observed tropical waves are found to emerge spontaneously in a nonrotating, two-dimensional cloud model forced by uniform cooling. To articulate the dynamics of these ...

Stefan N. Tulich; Brian E. Mapes

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Comment on 'New Insights in the Electrocatalytic Proton Reduction and Hydrogen Oxidation by Bioinspired Catalysts: A DFT Investigation'  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the title paper, Vetere et al. reported a computational investigation of the mechanism of oxidation of H2 / proton reduction using a model nickel complex for nickel-based electrocatalysts with cyclic phosphorous ligands incorporating pendant amines. These catalysts are attracting considerable attention owing to their high turn-over rates and relatively low overpotentials. These authors interpreted the results of their calculations as evidence for a symmetric bond breaking (forming) of H2 directly to (from) two protonated amines in concert with a 2-electron reduction of the Ni(II) site to form a Ni(0) di-proton state. We show here that this interpretation is erroneous as we report the structure of an heterolytic cleavage transition state consistent with the presence of the Ni(II) center acting as a Lewis acid and of the pendant amines acting as Lewis bases. We determined the associated intrinsic reaction coordinate (IRC) pathway connecting the di-hydrogen (?2-H2) adduct and a hydride-proton state. We also characterize differently the nature of the transition state reported by these authors. H2 oxidation / proton reduction with this class of catalysts is a heterolytic process.

Dupuis, Michel; Chen, Shentan; Raugei, Simone; DuBois, Daniel L.; Bullock, R. Morris

2011-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

487

New insights into single-particle mixing state using aircraft aerosol time-of-flight mass spectrometry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

K, and S during combustion of annual biomass, Energy Fuels,spherical combustion particles from biomass burning usingsuch as biomass burning, fossil fuel combustion, and dust

Pratt, Kerri Anne

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Indias R&D for Energy Efficient Buildings: Insights for U.S. Cooperation with India  

SciTech Connect

This report outlines Indias current activities and future plans in building energy efficiency R&D and deployment, and maps them with R&D activities under the Department of Energys Building Technologies Program. The assessment, conducted by the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in FY10, reviews major R&D programs in India including programs under the 11th Five-Year Plan, programs under the NEF, R&D and other programs under state agencies and ongoing projects in major research institutions .

Yu, Sha; Evans, Meredydd

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Strengths and barriers behind the successful agile deployment--insights from the three software intensive companies in Finland  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The number of success stories being reported concerning agile software development has led to an increase in interest among industries and research communities. The purpose of this paper is to identify strengths and barriers for `successful agile deployment' ... Keywords: Agile deployment, Improving agile development, Software process improvement (SPI), Success factors for agile deployment

Minna Pikkarainen; Outi Salo; Raija Kuusela; Pekka Abrahamsson

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Genome sequence of an Australian kangaroo, Macropus eugenii, provides insight into the evolution of mammalian reproduction and development  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Davis 25 , David Wood 25 , Sarah Williams 25 , Yogi Sundaravadanam 25 , Donna M Muzny 24 , Shalini N Jhangiani 24 , Lora R Lewis 24 , Margaret B Morgan 24 , Geoffrey O Okwuonu 24 , San Juana Ruiz 24 , Jireh Santibanez 24 , Lynne Nazareth 24 , Andrew Cree... 16,3, KaighinAMcColl3, Benjamin Lansdell3, George Weinstock24, Elizabeth Kuczek1,26,25, Annette McGrath25, Peter Wilson25, Artem Men25, Mehlika Hazar-Rethinam25, Allison Hall25, John Davis25, David Wood25, Sarah Williams25, Yogi Sundaravadanam25...

Renfree, Marilyn B; Papenfuss, Anthony T; Deakin, Janine E; Lindsay, James; Heider, Thomas; Belov, Katherine; Rens, Willem; Waters, Paul D; Pharo, Elizabeth A; Shaw, Geoff; Wong, Emily SW; Lefvre, Christophe M; Nicholas, Kevin R; Kuroki, Yoko; Wakefield, Matthew J; Zenger, Kyall R; Wang, Chenwei; Ferguson-Smith, Malcolm; Nicholas, Frank W; Hickford, Danielle; Yu, Hongshi; Short, Kirsty R; Siddle, Hannah V; Frankenberg, Stephen R; Chew, Keng Y; Menzies, Brandon R; Stringer, Jessica M; Suzuki, Shunsuke; Hore, Timothy A; Delbridge, Margaret L; Patel, Hardip; Mohammadi, Amir; Schneider, Nanette Y; Hu, Yanqiu; O'Hara, William; Al Nadaf, Shafagh; Wu, Chen; Feng, Zhi-Ping; Cocks, Benjamin G; Wang, Jianghui; Flicek, Paul; Searle, Stephen MJ; Fairley, Susan; Beal, Kathryn; Herrero, Javier; Carone, Dawn M; Suzuki, Yutaka; Sugano, Sumio; Toyoda,Atsushi; Sakaki, Yoshiyuki; Kondo, Shinji; Nishida, Yuichiro; Tatsumoto, Shoji; Mandiou, Ion; Hsu, Arthur; McColl, Kaighin A; Lansdell, Benjamin; Weinstock, George; Kuczek, Elizabeth; McGrath, Annette; Wilson, Peter; Men, Artem; Hazar-Rethinam, Mehlika; Hall, Allison; Davis, John; Wood, David; Williams, Sarah; Sundaravadanam, Yogi; Muzny, Donna M; Jhangiani, Shalini N; Lewis, Lora R; Morgan, Margaret B; Okwuonu, Geoffrey O; Ruiz, San J; Santibanez, Jireh; Nazareth, Lynne; Cree, Andrew; Fowler, Gerald; Kovar, Christie L; Dinh, Huyen H; Joshi, Vandita; Jing, Chyn; Lara, Fremiet; Thornton, Rebecca; Chen, Lei; Deng, Jixin; Liu, Yue; Shen, Joshua Y; Song, Xing-Zhi; Edson, Janette; Troon, Carmen; Thomas, Daniel; Stephens, Amber; Yapa, Lankesha; Levchenko, Tanya; Gibbs, Richard A; Cooper, Desmond W; Speed, Terence P; Fujiyama, Asao; Graves, Jennifer A M; O'Neill, Rachel J; Pask, Andrew J; Forrest, Susan M; Worley, Kim C

2011-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

491

Complete genome of the cellulolytic thermophile Acidothermus cellulolyticus 11B provides insights into its ecophysiological and evolutionary adaptations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present here the complete 2.4 MB genome of the actinobacterial thermophile, Acidothermus cellulolyticus lIB, that surprisingly reveals thermophilic amino acid usage in only the cytosolic subproteome rather than its whole proteome. Thermophilic amino acid usage in the partial proteome implies a recent, ongoing evolution of the A. cellulolyticus genome since its divergence about 200-250 million years ago from its closest phylogenetic neighbor Frankia, a mesophilic plant symbiont. Differential amino acid usage in the predicted subproteomes of A. cellulolyticus likely reflects a stepwise evolutionary process of modern thermophiles in general. An unusual occurrence of higher G+C in the non-coding DNA than in the transcribed genome reinforces a late evolution from a higher G+C common ancestor. Comparative analyses of the A. cellulolyticus genome with those of Frankia and other closely-related actinobacteria revealed that A. cellulolyticus genes exhibit reciprocal purine preferences at the first and third codon positions, perhaps reflecting a subtle preference for the dinucleotide AG in its mRNAs, a possible adaptation to a thermophilic environment. Other interesting features in the genome of this cellulolytic, hot-springs dwelling prokaryote reveal streamlining for adaptation to its specialized ecological niche. These include a low occurrence of pseudogenes or mobile genetic elements, a flagellar gene complement previously unknown in this organism, and presence of laterally-acquired genomic islands of likely ecophysiological value. New glycoside hydrolases relevant for lignocellulosic biomass deconstruction were identified in the genome, indicating a diverse biomass-degrading enzyme repertoire several-fold greater than previously characterized, and significantly elevating the industrial value of this organism.

Xie, Gary [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Detter, Chris [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Bruce, David [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Challacome, Jean F [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Brettin, Thomas S [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Barabote, Ravi D [UC DAVIS; Leu, David [UC DAVIS; Normand, Philippe [CNRS, UNIV LYON; Necsula, Anamaria [CNRS, UNIV LYON; Daubin, Vincent [CNRS, UNIV LYON; Medigue, Claudine [CNRS/GENOSCOPE; Adney, William S [NREL; Xu, Xin C [UC DAVIS; Lapidus, Alla [DOE JOINT GENOME INST.; Pujic, Pierre [CNRS, UNIV LYON; Richardson, Paul [DOE JOINT GENOME INST; Berry, Alison M [UC DAVIS

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Complete genome of the cellulolytic thermophile Acidothermus cellulolyticus 11B provides insights into its ecophysiological and evolutionary adaptations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present here the complete 2.4 MB genome of the actinobacterial thermophile, Acidothermus cellulolyticus 11B, that surprisingly reveals thermophilic amino acid usage in only the cytosolic subproteome rather than its whole proteome. Thermophilic amino acid usage in the partial proteome implies a recent, ongoing evolution of the A. cellulolyticus genome since its divergence about 200-250 million years ago from its closest phylogenetic neighbor Frankia, a mesophilic plant symbiont. Differential amino acid usage in the predicted subproteomes of A. cellulolyticus likely reflects a stepwise evolutionary process of modern thermophiles in general. An unusual occurrence of higher G+C in the non-coding DNA than in the transcribed genome reinforces a late evolution from a higher G+C common ancestor. Comparative analyses of the A. cellulolyticus genome with those of Frankia and other closely-related actinobacteria revealed that A. cellulolyticus genes exhibit reciprocal purine preferences at the first and third codon positions, perhaps reflecting a subtle preference for the dinucleotide AG in its mRNAs, a possible adaptation to a thermophilic environment. Other interesting features in the genome of this cellulolytic, hot-springs dwelling prokaryote reveal streamlining for adaptation to its specialized ecological niche. These include a low occurrence of pseudo genes or mobile genetic elements, a flagellar gene complement previously unknown in this organism, and presence of laterally-acquired genomic islands of likely ecophysiological value. New glycoside hydrolases relevant for lignocellulosic biomass deconstruction were identified in the genome, indicating a diverse biomass-degrading enzyme repertoire several-fold greater than previously characterized, and significantly elevating the industrial value of this organism.

Xie, Gary [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Detter, John C [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Bruce, David C [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Challacombe, Jean F [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Brettin, Thomas S [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Necsulea, Anamaria [UNIV LYON; Daubin, Vincent [UNIV LYON; Medigue, Claudine [GENOSCOPE; Adney, William S [NREL; Xu, Xin C [UC DAVIS; Lapidus, Alla [JGI; Pujic, Pierre [UNIV LYON; Berry, Alison M [UC DAVIS; Barabote, Ravi D [UC DAVIS; Leu, David [UC DAVIS; Normand, Phillipe [UNIV LYON

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

New insights into single-particle mixing state using aircraft aerosol time-of-flight mass spectrometry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

epsomite (MgSO 4. 7H 2 O), trona (NaHCO 3. Na 2 CO 3. 2H 2thenardite, epsomite, trona, sylvite, carnallite, calcite/

Pratt, Kerri Anne

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Geographic trends in research output and citations in veterinary medicine: insight into global research capacity, species specialization, and interdisciplinary relationships  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1. Czech Rep 2. Hungary 3. Poland 4. Slovakia 5. Croatia 1.119 to 534 articles), Poland (157%, 233 to 599 articles),increases in Brazil, China, Poland, Taiwan, and Turkey. The

Christopher, Mary M; Marusic, Ana

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Insights from a Simple Hotelling Model of the World Oil Market C.-Y. Cynthia Lina1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

& Resource Economics, University of California at Davis, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616 USA; cclin are generated for various specifications of the elasticity of demand for both isoelastic demand and linear demand under each of two possible market structures: perfect competition and monopoly. Prior to the 1973

Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia

496

INSIGHTS INTO SURFACE HYDROGENATION IN THE INTERSTELLAR MEDIUM: OBSERVATIONS OF METHANIMINE AND METHYL AMINE IN Sgr B2(N)  

SciTech Connect

Multiple observations of methanimine (CH{sub 2}NH) and methyl amine (CH{sub 3}NH{sub 2}) have been performed toward Sgr B2(N) at 1, 2, and 3 mm using the Submillimeter Telescope and the 12 m antenna of the Arizona Radio Observatory. In the frequency range 68-280 GHz, 23 transitions of CH{sub 2}NH and 170 lines of CH{sub 3}NH{sub 2} have been observed as individual, distinguishable features, although some are partially blended with other lines. For CH{sub 2}NH, the line profiles indicate V{sub LSR} = 64.2 {+-} 1.4 km s{sup -1} and {Delta}V{sub 1/2} = 13.8 {+-} 2.8 km s{sup -1}, while V{sub LSR} = 63.7 {+-} 1.6 km s{sup -1} and {Delta}V{sub 1/2} = 15.1 {+-} 3.0 km s{sup -1} for CH{sub 3}NH{sub 2}, parameters that are very similar to those of other organic species in Sgr B2(N). From these data, rotational diagrams were constructed for both species. In the case of CH{sub 2}NH, a rotational temperature of T{sub rot} = 44 {+-} 13 K and a column density of N{sub tot} = (9.1 {+-} 4.4) Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 14} cm{sup -2} were determined from the analysis. For CH{sub 3}NH{sub 2}, T{sub rot} = 159 {+-} 30 K and N{sub tot} = (5.0 {+-} 0.9) Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 15} cm{sup -2}, indicating that this species is present in much warmer gas than CH{sub 2}NH. The fractional abundances for CH{sub 2}NH and CH{sub 3}NH{sub 2} were established to be f (H{sub 2}) Almost-Equal-To 3.0 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -10} and f (H{sub 2}) Almost-Equal-To 1.7 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -9}, respectively. It has been proposed that CH{sub 2}NH is formed on grains via hydrogenation of HCN; further hydrogenation of CH{sub 2}NH on surfaces leads to CH{sub 3}NH{sub 2}. However, given the dissimilarity between the rotational temperatures and distributions of CH{sub 2}NH and CH{sub 3}NH{sub 2} in Sgr B2, it is improbable that these species are closely related synthetically, at least in this source. Both CH{sub 2}NH and CH{sub 3}NH{sub 2} are more likely created by neutral-neutral processes in the gas phase.

Halfen, D. T.; Ziurys, L. M. [Departments of Chemistry and Astronomy, Arizona Radio Observatory and Steward Observatory, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States)] [Departments of Chemistry and Astronomy, Arizona Radio Observatory and Steward Observatory, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States); Ilyushin, V. V., E-mail: halfendt@as.arizona.edu, E-mail: lziurys@as.arizona.edu [Institute of Radio Astronomy of the National Academy of Sciences Ukraine, Chervonopraporna 4, 61002 Kharkov (Ukraine)

2013-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

497

Insights Into the P-To-Q Conversion in the Catalytic Cycle of Methane Monooxygenase From a Synthetic Model System  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

For the catalytic cycle of soluble methane monooxygenase (sMMO), it has been proposed that cleavage of the O-O bond in the ({mu}-peroxo)diiron(III) intermediate P gives rise to the diiron(IV) intermediate Q with an Fe{sub 2}({mu}-O){sub 2} diamond core, which oxidizes methane to methanol. As a model for this conversion, ({mu}-oxo) diiron(III) complex 1 ([Fe{sup III}{sub 2}({mu}-O)({mu}-O{sub 2}H{sub 3})(L){sub 2}]{sup 3+}, L = tris(3,5-dimethyl-4-methoxypyridyl-2-methyl)amine) has been treated consecutively with one eq of H{sub 2}O{sub 2} and one eq of HClO{sub 4} to form 3 ([Fe{sup IV}{sub 2}({mu}-O){sub 2}(L){sub 2}]{sup 4+}). In the course of this reaction a new species, 2, can be observed before the protonation step; 2 gives rise to a cationic peak cluster by ESI-MS at m/z 1,399, corresponding to the [Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}L{sub 2}H](OTf){sub 2}{sup +} ion in which 1 oxygen atom derives from 1 and the other two originate from H{sub 2}O{sub 2}. Moessbauer studies of 2 reveal the presence of two distinct, exchange coupled iron(IV) centers, and EXAFS fits indicate a short Fe-O bond at 1.66 {angstrom} and an Fe-Fe distance of 3.32 {angstrom}. Taken together, the spectroscopic data point to an HO-Fe{sup IV}-O-Fe{sup IV} = O core for 2. Protonation of 2 results in the loss of H{sub 2}O and the formation of 3. Isotope labeling experiments show that the [Fe{sup IV}{sub 2}({mu}-O){sub 2}] core of 3 can incorporate both oxygen atoms from H{sub 2}O{sub 2}. The reactions described here serve as the only biomimetic precedent for the conversion of intermediates P to Q in the sMMO reaction cycle and shed light on how a peroxodiiron(III) unit can transform into an [Fe{sup IV}{sub 2}({mu}-O){sub 2}] core.

Xue, G.; Fiedler, A.T.; Martinho, M.; Munck, E.; Que, L.; Jr.

2009-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

498

Mechanisms of plutonium sorption to mineral oxide surfaces: new insights with implications for colloid-enhanced migration  

SciTech Connect

New equilibrium and kinetic models have been developed to describe rate-limited sorption and desorption of Pu onto and off of mineral oxide surfaces using a generic approach to estimate sorption constants that require minimal laboratory calibrations. Equilibrium reactions describing a total of six surface species were derived from a combination of empirical relationships previously described in the literature and generated as part of this work. These sorption reactions and corresponding equilibrium constants onto goethite (and silica) are: ?SOH+?Pu?^(3+)??SO?Pu?^(2+)+H^+, Log K=-2.1 (-10) (1) ?SOH+?Pu?^(4+)??SO?Pu?^(3+)+H^+, Log K=15.3 (7.2) (2) ?SOH+PuO_2^+??SO?PuO?_2+H^+, Log K=-8.5 (-16.5) (3) ?SOH+PuO_2^(2+)??SOPuO_2^++H^+, Log K=1.2 (-6.5) (4) ?SOH+?Pu?^(4+)+3H_2 O??SOPu?(OH)?_3+4H^+, Log K=12.5 (4.6) (5) ?SOH+?Pu?^(4+)+4H_2 O??SOPu?(OH)?_4^-+5H^+, Log K=5.0 (-2.3) (6) The kinetic model decouples reduced (III, IV) and oxidized (V, VI) forms of Pu via a single rate-limiting, but reversible, surface mediated reaction: ?SOPuO_2+H_2 O ?(??k_1 )/?(??k_2 )?SOPu?(OH)?_3+?(1/2) H_(2(g)), ?Log k?_1=-5.3 (7) Where the reaction rate is equal to: -d[?SOPuO_2 ]/dt=k_1?[?Pu?_ox]-k_2?[?Pu?_RED] (8) and [PuOX] and [PuRED] are the sums of the oxidized (V and VI) and reduced (III and IV) surface species, respectively. Predictions using the equilibrium and kinetic models were validated against previously published experimental results, which give credence to the validity of the proposed mechanisms controlling the sorption of Pu onto mineral oxide surfaces. Of importance, a reversible, rate-limited, reaction successfully predicted time dependent behavior associated with Pu sorption onto goethite. Previously, researchers have suggested desorption of Pu to these surfaces is extremely slow or even irreversible. Model predictions based on such suggestions would severely overestimate the kinetic stability of Pu sorbed species and the overall importance that Pu sorption kinetics, alone, has on pseudo-colloid transport mechanisms.

Schwantes, Jon M.; Santschi, Peter H.

2009-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

499

Feasibility of Wholesale Electricity Competition in a Developing Country: Insights from Simulating a Market in Maharashtra State, India  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Large Quantities of Electricity Demand for AgriculturalLarge Size of the Market Electricity demand for agriculturalconstraints, and electricity demand in MH state to simulate

Phadke, Amol

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

New insights into North America-Pacific plate boundary deformation from Lake Tahoe, Salton Sea and Southern Baja California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

6. Seeber, L. et al. Rapid subsidence and sedimentation fromslip faults causes subsidence and leads to the formation ofestimate differential subsidence rates. Received 6 January

Brothers, Daniel Stephen

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z