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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

An Interindustry Model of El Paso and Hudspeth Counties, Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TR- 69 1976 An Interindustry Model of El Paso and Hudspeth Counties, Texas W.S. Coffman B.R. Beattie L.L. Jones J.W. Adams Texas Water Resources Institute Texas A&M University ...

Coffman, W. S.; Beattie, B. R.; Jones, L. L.; Adams, J. W.

2

Economic Analysis Interindustry Effects of a Declining Groundwater Supply: Southern High Plains of Texas.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for each year from 1966 through 2015 and on an interindustry study for the study area. The years 1967, 1970. 19f,fl. 1990, 2000,2010 and 2015 were selected for the study. The expenditures for inputs from the linear programing study were delineated... in 1967 to 2.4. million acre5 in 2015. The value of all crop production was estimated to decrease by 39.9 percent from 1967 to 2015. Direct benefits associated with irrigation were $433.5 million in 1967, which were 68 percent of the total output...

Osborn, J. E.; Harris, T. R.

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Release Date: June 2013 | Release Date: June 2013 | Report Number: DOE/EIA-0383(2012) Acronyms List of Acronyms AB Assembly Bill IHSGI IHS Global Insight AB32 California Assembly Bill 32 INFORUM Interindustry Forecasting Project at the University of Maryland ACI Activated carbon injection IOU Invester-owned utility AEO Annual Energy Outlook IREC Interstate Renewable Energy Council AEO2012 Annual Energy Outlook 2012 ITC Investment tax credit ANWR Arctic National Wildlife Refuge LCFS Low Carbon Fuel Standard ARRA2009 American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 LDV Light-duty vehicle ASHRAE American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-Conditioning Engineers LED Light-emitting diode Blue Chip Blue Chip Consensus LFMM Liquid Fuels Market Module

4

EIA - Annual Energy Outlook 2009 - Comparison with Other Projections  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Comparison with Other Projections Comparison with Other Projections Annual Energy Outlook 2009 with Projections to 2030 Comparison with Other Projections Only IHS Global Insight (IHSGI) produces a comprehensive energy projection with a time horizon similar to that of AEO2009. Other organizations, however, address one or more aspects of the U.S. energy market. The most recent projection from IHSGI, as well as others that concentrate on economic growth, international oil prices, energy consumption, electricity, natural gas, petroleum, and coal, are compared here with the AEO2009 projections. Economic Growth Projections of the average annual real GDP growth rate for the United States from 2007 through 2010 range from 0.2 percent to 3.1 percent (Table 15). Real GDP grows at an annual rate of 0.6 percent in the AEO2009 reference case over the period, significantly lower than the projections made by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), and the Social Security Administration (SSA)—although not all of those projections have been updated to take account of the current economic downturn. The AEO2009 projection is slightly lower than the projection by IHSGI and slightly higher than the projection by the Interindustry Forecasting Project at the University of Maryland (INFORUM). In March 2009, the consensus Blue Chip projection was for 2.2-percent average annual growth from 2007 to 2010.

5

EIA - AEO2010 - Comparison With Other Projections  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Comparison With Other Projections Comparison With Other Projections Annual Energy Outlook 2010 with Projections to 2035 Comparison With Other Projections Only IHS Global Insights, Inc. (IHSGI) produces a comprehensive energy projection with a time horizon similar to that of AEO2010. Other organizations, however, address one or more aspects of the U.S. energy market. The most recent projection from IHSGI, as well as others that concentrate on economic growth, international oil prices, energy consumption, electricity, natural gas, petroleum, and coal, are compared here with the AEO2010 projections. Economic growth Projections of the average annual growth rate of real GDP in the United States from 2008 to 2018 range from 2.1 percent to 2.8 percent (Table 9). In the AEO2010 Reference case, real GDP grows by an average of 2.2 percent per year over the period, lower than projected by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), the Congressional Budget Office (CBO), the Social Security Administration (SSA), and the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS)—although none of those projections has been updated since August 2009. The AEO2010 projection is similar to the IHSGI projection and slightly higher than projections by the Interindustry Forecasting Project at the University of Maryland (INFORUM). In March 2009, the consensus Blue Chip projection was for 2.2-percent average annual growth from 2008 to 2018.

6

Global Insight Energy Group  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Outlook Outlook Mary Novak Managing Director IHS Global Insight Copyright © 2010 IHS Global Insight, Inc. Overview: Energy Sector Transformation Underway * The recession has hit energy demand hard, and aggregate energy demand is not expected to return to 2007 levels until 2018. * Oil and natural gas prices will both rise over the long-term, but the price trends will diverge with natural gas prices rising slowly due to the development of shale gas. * This forecast does not include a GHG cap-and-trade program. However, it is assumed that there will be continued improvement in equipment, appliance and building efficiencies that will reduce carbon emissions relative to past projections. * The forecast also includes the more than 30 state- level programs to increase efficiency and reduce

7

Threat Insight Quarterly Regulatory Compliance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

X-Force ® Threat Insight Quarterly Regulatory Compliance www.iss.netwww.iss.net October 2006 #12 Risk Index ..............................................11 Future X-Force Threat Insight Quarterly Internet Security Systems X-Force® Threat Insight Quarterly > October 2006 ©2006 Internet Security Systems

8

Threat Insight Quarterly Browser Exploitation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

X-Force ® Threat Insight Quarterly Browser Exploitation www.iss.netwww.iss.net January 2007 #12 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Previous X-Force Threat Insight Quarterly Topics . . . . . . . . . . 15 References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Contents IBM Internet Security Systems X-Force® Threat Insight Quarterly > January 2007

9

Energy Insight | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy Insight Energy Insight Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Energy Insight Agency/Company /Organization: Tendril Connect Sector: Energy Focus Area: Energy Efficiency Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Website Website: greenbuttonconnect.com/home Web Application Link: greenbuttonconnect.com/apps/energyinsight/? OpenEI Keyword(s): Green Button Apps Language: English Energy Insight Screenshot References: Tendril[1] Green Button Connect[2] Logo: Energy Insight An application that analyzes and presents your energy data in easy-to-understand charts. Energy Insight enables you to dynamically sort the chart data using a variety of time periods: hourly, daily, monthly. In addition to the charts, the Energy Insight application can display your

10

Consumer Energy Use Insights  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pike Powers Lab and Center for Commercialization Pecan Street Research Institute Data driven insights from the nations deepest ever customer energy research ESL-KT-13-12-23 CATEE 2013: Clean Air Through Energy Efficiency Conference, San... Antonio, Texas Dec. 16-18 5:15 pm! ! ! March 9, 2011! 31,262 MW! ! ! August 3, 2011! 68,416 MW Source: ERCOT 35,000 70,000 Mar 9, 2011 Aug 3, 2011 Residential Small! commercial Large C&I 51.2 % 25.2 % 23.7 % Residential Small! commercial Large C&I 27...

McCracken, B.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Threat Insight Quarterly Vulnerability Management  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

X-Force ® Threat Insight Quarterly Vulnerability Management July 2006 #12;X - F O R C E T H R E.................. 7 X-Force Catastrophic Risk Index.............................. 10 Future X-Force Threat Insight Introduction There is a wide range of threats that can exist in any network. The presence of unpatched

12

Threat Insight Quarterly Wireless Technology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

X-Force ® Threat Insight Quarterly Wireless Technology April 2006 #12;X - F O R C E T H R E A T I N the Wireless Threat ..................................................3 Wireless Threats-Force Catastrophic Risk Index...................................... 13 Future X-Force Threat Insight Quarterly Topics

13

Insights from UT Austin Energy Poll  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Insights from UT Austin Energy Poll, Insights from UT Austin Energy Poll on U.S. Consumer Attitudes, July 24, 2013, Sheril Kirshenbaum, director of The Energy Poll.

14

Insight Gained from Simplified Dynamic Analysis  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Insight Gained from Simplified Dynamic Analysis ... or Everything Old is New Again October 21, 2014 Greg Mertz Consultant

15

Engineering Insights 2006 Complex Fluids Design Consortium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Engineering Insights 2006 Complex Fluids Design Consortium (CFDC) www.mrl.ucsb.edu/cfdc Overview;Engineering Insights 2006 Objectives -- continued · Create a world-class center for complex fluid and soft and Research Highlights Glenn Fredrickson October 18, 2006 #12;Engineering Insights 2006 What is the CFDC

California at Santa Barbara, University of

16

AVTA: Honda Insight HEV 2010 Testing Results | Department of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Honda Insight HEV 2010 Testing Results AVTA: Honda Insight HEV 2010 Testing Results The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a...

17

Honda Gen II Insight HEV Accelerated Testing - August 2012  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Honda Gen II Insight HEV Accelerated Testing - August 2012 Two model year 2010 Honda Generation II Insight hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) entered Accelerated testing during July...

18

The Inhibitor DBMIB Provides Insight into the Functional Architecture...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

The Inhibitor DBMIB Provides Insight into the Functional Architecture of the Qo Site in the Cytochrome b(6)f Complex . The Inhibitor DBMIB Provides Insight into the Functional...

19

Diesel Engine Oil Technology Insights and Opportunities | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Oil Technology Insights and Opportunities Diesel Engine Oil Technology Insights and Opportunities Perrformance of API CJ-4 diesel engine lubricating oil and emerging lubricant...

20

IDC Energy Insights | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

IDC Energy Insights IDC Energy Insights Jump to: navigation, search Logo: IDC Energy Insights Name IDC Energy Insights Place Framingham, Massachusetts Coordinates 42.2917623°, -71.4258945° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.2917623,"lon":-71.4258945,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "insight inforum interindustry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

RCx Insights and Best Practices from Utilities  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presentation covers the RCx Insights and Best Practices from Utilities and is given at the Spring 2010 Federal Utility Partnership Working Group (FUPWG) meeting in Rapid City, South Dakota.

22

Space-Time Insight | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Space-Time Insight Space-Time Insight Jump to: navigation, search Name Space-Time Insight Address 45680 Northport Loop East Place Fremont, California Zip 94538 Sector Efficiency Product SpaceTime Awareness Server Year founded 2008 Number of employees 11-50 Website http://www.spacetimeinsight.co Coordinates 37.4923832°, -121.9532879° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.4923832,"lon":-121.9532879,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

23

NEW INSIGHTS INTO BRAIN SWELLING AFTER STROKE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NEW INSIGHTS INTO BRAIN SWELLING AFTER STROKE W Taylor Kimberly MD PhD 6 May 2013 #12;OBJECTIVES · Background: introduction to stroke · Mechanism: types of cerebral edema · Specific target: preclinical data-Pilot imaging and plasma biomarkers · Next steps: GAMES-RP #12;BACKGROUND · 800,000 strokes occur each year · 4

Sabatini, David M.

24

Structural Insight into RNA Hairpin Folding Intermediates Gregory R. Bowman,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on the Folding@home infrastructure to obtain better sampling and, therefore, greater insight into RNA folding

Guibas, Leonidas J.

25

RCx Insights and Best Practices from Utilities  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Insights and Best Practices from Insights and Best Practices from Utilities Ryan Stoianowski Senior Program Manager, ComEd A PECI EVENT 18 th National Conference on Building Commissioning Learning Objectives 1. ComEd's RCx Program and all its flavors 2. Case studies for Museum, Hospital, and Office 3. Program design changes and lessons learned 4. Anticipated future direction of the program AIA Quality Assurance A PECI EVENT 18 th National Conference on Building Commissioning Smart Ideas Background  What is the Smart Ideas Program? * Provides incentives for energy efficient upgrades and incentives * Part of Illinois energy legislation passed in 2007 * Program implemented by ComEd, Ameren Illinois, and the Illinois Department of Commerce and Economic Opportunity

26

Insights from UT Austin Energy Poll  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Insights from UT Austin Energy Insights from UT Austin Energy Poll on U.S. Consumer Attitudes July 24, 2013 Sheril Kirshenbaum Director of The Energy Poll Page 2 Source: University of Texas at Austin Energy Poll Impartial and authoritative source of public perspectives on energy to inform and guide discussion, business planning and policy development Page 3 Source: University of Texas at Austin Energy Poll Background * First questionnaire developed in 2010 (Inaugural launch Oct. 2011) * Collaborative effort with representatives from academic institutions, polling companies, non-governmental organizations, energy producers and energy consumers Fall 2012 - Third Release * Online survey conducted September 6-17, 2012 * 2,092 respondents, weighted to reflect U.S. Census demographics

27

Insights from Human/Mouse genome comparisons  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Large-scale public genomic sequencing efforts have provided a wealth of vertebrate sequence data poised to provide insights into mammalian biology. These include deep genomic sequence coverage of human, mouse, rat, zebrafish, and two pufferfish (Fugu rubripes and Tetraodon nigroviridis) (Aparicio et al. 2002; Lander et al. 2001; Venter et al. 2001; Waterston et al. 2002). In addition, a high-priority has been placed on determining the genomic sequence of chimpanzee, dog, cow, frog, and chicken (Boguski 2002). While only recently available, whole genome sequence data have provided the unique opportunity to globally compare complete genome contents. Furthermore, the shared evolutionary ancestry of vertebrate species has allowed the development of comparative genomic approaches to identify ancient conserved sequences with functionality. Accordingly, this review focuses on the initial comparison of available mammalian genomes and describes various insights derived from such analysis.

Pennacchio, Len A.

2003-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

28

Ecofys-Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions: Insights from Example  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ecofys-Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions: Insights from Example Ecofys-Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions: Insights from Example Development Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: National Appropriate Mitigation Actions: Insights from Example Development Agency/Company /Organization: Ecofys Sector: Energy, Land Topics: Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Lessons learned/best practices Website: www.ecofys.com/com/publications/brochures_newsletters/documents/Report National Appropriate Mitigation Actions: Insights from Example Development Screenshot References: National Appropriate Mitigation Actions: Insights from Example Development[1] "Ecofys elaborated in several projects, concrete examples of NAMAs to understand the issues arising from this concept. This report summarizes the

29

Open Data for Climate and Health Insights  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Open Data for Climate and Health Insights Print E-mail Open Data for Climate and Health Insights Print E-mail Metadata Access Tool for Climate and Health (MATCH) Website Thursday, May 9, 2013 Posted by Tom Armstrong, Executive Director, U.S. Global Change Research Program Today, in conjunction with a series of landmark steps announced by the Obama Administration to unleash troves of useful data from the vaults of government, the interagency US Global Change Research Program (USGCRP) launched a new online tool that promises to accelerate research relating to climate change and human health-the Metadata Access Tool for Climate and Health, or "MATCH." The Administration announcements made today include an Executive Order signed by the President declaring that information is a valuable national resource and strategic asset, and a new government-wide Open Data Policy requiring that, going forward, data generated by the government shall be made available in open, machine-readable formats. The move will make troves of previously inaccessible or unmanageable data more readily available to entrepreneurs, researchers, and others who can use open data as fuel for innovation, businesses and new services and tools.

30

Insights into Spring 2008 Gasoline Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Insights into Spring 2008 Gasoline Prices Insights into Spring 2008 Gasoline Prices Insights into Spring 2008 Gasoline Prices EIA released a new analytical report entitled Motor Gasoline Market Spring 2007 and Implications for Spring 2008. It includes a discussion of scheduled refinery outages in 2008 prepared in accordance with Section 804 of the Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) of 2007, which requires EIA to review and analyze information on such outages from commercial reporting services and assess to their expected effects on the price and supply of gasoline. Changes in wholesale gasoline prices relative to crude oil are determined by the tightness between gasoline supply (production and net imports) and demand. Expectations for U.S. gasoline supply relative to demand are for a more favorable situation in January through May 2008 than was the case in the comparable 2007 period. Demand growth, which varies seasonally and depends on economic factors, is expected to slow. New gasoline supply is affected by refinery outages, refinery run decisions, and import variations. Planned refinery outages for January through May 2008 are lower than for the same period in 2007. Given lower planned outages and assuming the return of unplanned outages to more typical levels, including the return of BP's Texas City refinery to full operation, gasoline production could increase between 100 and 200 thousand barrels per day over last year's level, depending on the market incentives. In addition, ethanol use, which adds to gasoline supply, is expected to continue to increase. Considering the uncertainty in all the gasoline supply components, there is little likelihood of events combining in 2008 to lead to the kind of tight supply downstream from crude oil markets seen in spring 2007. In summary, refinery outage and import impacts should contribute less to gasoline price increases in 2008 than in 2007. If all of the low-range estimates for supply occurred, total gasoline supply would increase about 200 thousand barrels per day (Figure S1). However, record crude oil prices are nonetheless pushing current and expected gasoline prices to record levels.

31

Analysing the Carbon Footprint of Food Insights for Consumer Communication  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12;Contents List of Publications 7 Abbreviations 9 1 Introduction 11 1.1 Climate change and the foodAnalysing the Carbon Footprint of Food Insights for Consumer Communication Elin Röös Faculty of Food. Insights for Consumer Communication. Abstract In Europe, food consumption is responsible

32

Atomistic insights into aqueous corrosion of copper.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Corrosion is a fundamental problem in electrochemistry and represents a mode of failure of technologically important materials. Understanding the basic mechanism of aqueous corrosion of metals such as Cu in presence of halide ions is hence essential. Using molecular dynamics simulations incorporating reactive force-field (ReaxFF), the interaction of copper substrates and chlorine under aqueous conditions has been investigated. These simulations incorporate effects of proton transfer in the aqueous media and are suitable for modeling the bond formation and bond breakage phenomenon that is associated with complex aqueous corrosion phenomena. Systematic investigation of the corrosion process has been carried out by simulating different chlorine concentration and solution states. The structural and morphological differences associated with metal dissolution in the presence of chloride ions are evaluated using dynamical correlation functions. The simulated atomic trajectories are used to analyze the charged states, molecular structure and ion density distribution which are utilized to understand the atomic scale mechanism of corrosion of copper substrates under aqueous conditions. Increased concentration of chlorine and higher ambient temperature were found to expedite the corrosion of copper. In order to study the effect of solution states on the corrosion resistance of Cu, partial fractions of proton or hydroxide in water were configured, and higher corrosion rate at partial fraction hydroxide environment was observed. When the Cl{sup -} concentration is low, oxygen or hydroxide ion adsorption onto Cu surface has been confirmed in partial fraction hydroxide environment. Our study provides new atomic scale insights into the early stages of aqueous corrosion of metals such as copper.

Jeon, B.; Sankaranarayanan, S. K. R. S.; van Duin, A. C. T.; Ramanathan, S. (Center for Nanoscale Materials); (Harvard Univ.); (Penn State Univ.)

2011-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

33

E-Print Network 3.0 - activation state insights Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

- ment the state of the visualization at the time an insight occurs. Of course, an exploration process... Evaluating an InfoVis Technique Using Insight Reports Markus...

34

E-Print Network 3.0 - ada2p yields insight Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

InsightOversight for Commercial Crew Transportation Rev. N, March 10, 2010 Wayne Hale... to which NASA will require insight and oversight for the transportation of...

35

E-Print Network 3.0 - active site insights Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

InsightOversight for Commercial Crew Transportation Rev. N, March 10, 2010 Wayne Hale... to which NASA will require insight and oversight for the transportation of...

36

Voices of Experience: Insights on Smart Grid Customer Engagement (July  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Voices of Experience: Insights on Smart Grid Customer Engagement Voices of Experience: Insights on Smart Grid Customer Engagement (July 2013) Voices of Experience: Insights on Smart Grid Customer Engagement (July 2013) The success of the Smart Grid will depend in part on consumers taking a more proactive role in managing their energy use. This document is the result of a nine-month effort to compile information on the successful approaches used by utilities to engage customers regarding smart grid technology deployments. Voices of Experience: Insights on Smart Grid Customer Engagement provides practical advice from utilities that have implemented smart grid projects to educate and engage their customers. Customer engagement within the electric power industry is an evolving, ongoing process that is just beginning to emerge. While this guide may lean

37

Suppressions and cascades : insights from gauge/gravity dualities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

At present, there are no non-perturbative analytic methods available for investigating gauge theories at large couplings. Consequently, it is desirable to explore more avenues to gain qualitative and quantitative insights. ...

Ejaz, Qudsia Jabeen

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Risk analysis and risk management: a European insight  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......ANALYSIS AND RISK MANAGEMENT: AEUROPEAN INSIGHT...public trust. The science of risk assessment...assessment and risk management. Understanding...radically different approaches to risk and environmental management. On the other......

Zoe Nivolianitou

2002-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

2010 Honda Insight VIN 1748 Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Test...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

3 2010 Honda Insight VIN 1748 Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Test Results Tyler Gray Matthew Shirk January 2013 The Idaho National Laboratory is a U.S. Department of Energy...

40

2010 Honda Insight VIN 0141 Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Test...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

2 2010 Honda Insight VIN 0141 Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Test Results Tyler Gray Mathew Shirk January 2013 The Idaho National Laboratory is a U.S. Department of Energy...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "insight inforum interindustry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

'Insights of the Decade' Enabled by NERSC - NERSC Center News...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of the Decade' Enabled by NERSC 'Insights of the Decade' Enabled by NERSC Three of Ten Used NERSC Resources, Expertise February 10, 2011 2011-01-31-Breakthroughs-1.gif The...

42

Voices of Experience: Insights on Smart Grid Customer Engagement (July  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Voices of Experience: Insights on Smart Grid Customer Engagement Voices of Experience: Insights on Smart Grid Customer Engagement (July 2013) Voices of Experience: Insights on Smart Grid Customer Engagement (July 2013) The success of the Smart Grid will depend in part on consumers taking a more proactive role in managing their energy use. This document is the result of a nine-month effort to compile information on the successful approaches used by utilities to engage customers regarding smart grid technology deployments. Voices of Experience: Insights on Smart Grid Customer Engagement provides practical advice from utilities that have implemented smart grid projects to educate and engage their customers. Customer engagement within the electric power industry is an evolving, ongoing process that is just beginning to emerge. While this guide may lean

43

Maintenance Records for 2010 Honda Insight EX vin 0141  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Insight EX VIN JHMZE2H78AS010141 Date Mileage Description Cost 12102009 5,947 Changed oil and filter and inspected brake system 30.44 252010 11,011 Changed oil and filter and...

44

Decision insight into stakeholder conflict for ERN.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Participatory modeling has become an important tool in facilitating resource decision making and dispute resolution. Approaches to modeling that are commonly used in this context often do not adequately account for important human factors. Current techniques provide insights into how certain human activities and variables affect resource outcomes; however, they do not directly simulate the complex variables that shape how, why, and under what conditions different human agents behave in ways that affect resources and human interactions related to them. Current approaches also do not adequately reveal how the effects of individual decisions scale up to have systemic level effects in complex resource systems. This lack of integration prevents the development of more robust models to support decision making and dispute resolution processes. Development of integrated tools is further hampered by the fact that collection of primary data for decision-making modeling is costly and time consuming. This project seeks to develop a new approach to resource modeling that incorporates both technical and behavioral modeling techniques into a single decision-making architecture. The modeling platform is enhanced by use of traditional and advanced processes and tools for expedited data capture. Specific objectives of the project are: (1) Develop a proof of concept for a new technical approach to resource modeling that combines the computational techniques of system dynamics and agent based modeling, (2) Develop an iterative, participatory modeling process supported with traditional and advance data capture techniques that may be utilized to facilitate decision making, dispute resolution, and collaborative learning processes, and (3) Examine potential applications of this technology and process. The development of this decision support architecture included both the engineering of the technology and the development of a participatory method to build and apply the technology. Stakeholder interaction with the model and associated data capture was facilitated through two very different modes of engagement, one a standard interface involving radio buttons, slider bars, graphs and plots, while the other utilized an immersive serious gaming interface. The decision support architecture developed through this project was piloted in the Middle Rio Grande Basin to examine how these tools might be utilized to promote enhanced understanding and decision-making in the context of complex water resource management issues. Potential applications of this architecture and its capacity to lead to enhanced understanding and decision-making was assessed through qualitative interviews with study participants who represented key stakeholders in the basin.

Siirola, John; Tidwell, Vincent Carroll; Benz, Zachary O.; Stansbury, Melanie; Richards, Elizabeth H.; Turnley, Jessica Glicken (Galisteo Consulting); Warrender, Christina E.; Morrow, James Dan

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging Print Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging Print XPD helicase is an enzyme that unwinds the DNA double helix; it is one component of an essential repair mechanism that maintains the integrity of DNA. XPD is unique, however, in that pinpoint mutations of this single protein are responsible for three different human diseases: in xeroderma pigmentosum (XP), extreme sensitivity to sunlight promotes cancer; Cockayne syndrome (CS) involves stunted growth and premature aging; trichothiodystrophy (TTD), characterized by brittle hair and scaly skin, is another form of greatly accelerated aging. At the ALS, researchers from Berkeley Lab and The Scripps Research Institute recently solved the structure of XPD. The structure gives novel insight into the processes of aging and cancer by revealing how discrete flaws-as seemingly insignificant as a change in either of two adjacent amino acid residues-can lead to diseases with completely different physical manifestations.

46

Worldwide Trends in Energy Use and Efficiency: Key Insights from  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Worldwide Trends in Energy Use and Efficiency: Key Insights from Worldwide Trends in Energy Use and Efficiency: Key Insights from International Energy Agency (IEA) Indicator Analysis in Support of the Group of Eight (G8) Plan of Action Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Worldwide Trends in Energy Use and Efficiency: Key Insights from International Energy Agency (IEA) Indicator Analysis in Support of the Group of Eight (G8) Plan of Action Focus Area: Power Plant Efficiency Topics: Potentials & Scenarios Website: www.iea.org/papers/2008/indicators_2008.pdf Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/worldwide-trends-energy-use-and-effic Language: English Policies: "Regulations,Deployment Programs" is not in the list of possible values (Deployment Programs, Financial Incentives, Regulations) for this property.

47

Proteins' Amazing Origami Powers: Insight for Potential Disease Treatments  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Proteins' Amazing Origami Powers: Insight for Potential Disease Proteins' Amazing Origami Powers: Insight for Potential Disease Treatments Proteins' Amazing Origami Powers: Insight for Potential Disease Treatments October 4, 2011 - 12:46pm Addthis This is a visualization of drug molecules ("parade day-like balloons") in a simulated attack of the ribbon-like protein fibrils that are believed to be the cause of Alzheimer’s disease. Click here to see more amazing supercomputer simulations. | Image courtesy of ORNL. This is a visualization of drug molecules ("parade day-like balloons") in a simulated attack of the ribbon-like protein fibrils that are believed to be the cause of Alzheimer's disease. Click here to see more amazing

48

Bob Jaffe, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Insights from the Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Bob Jaffe, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Insights from the Bob Jaffe, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Insights from the Energy Critical Elements Policy Study by the American Physical Society and Material Research Society Bob Jaffe, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Insights from the Energy Critical Elements Policy Study by the American Physical Society and Material Research Society Session_A5_Jaffe_MIT.pdf More Documents & Publications Trans-Atlantic Workshop on Rare Earth Elements and Other Critical Materials for a Clean Energy Future Steve Duclos, Chief Scientist, GE Global Research, Research Priorities for More Efficient Use of Critical Materials from a U.S. Corporate Perspective Michael Heine, SGL Group - The Carbon Company, Carbon Fibers in Lightweight Systems for Wind Energy and Automotive Applications: Availability and

49

Nuclear magnetic resonance offers new insights into Pu 239  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Nuclear magnetic resonance offers new insights into Pu 239 Nuclear magnetic resonance offers new insights into Pu 239 Nuclear magnetic resonance offers new insights into Pu 239 Fingerprint of element found by LANL/Japanese team. May 29, 2012 How would the detonation of a nuclear energy source afffect an incoming asteroid? Georgios Koutroulakis and H. Yasuoka in the condensed-matter NMR lab at Los Alamos National Laboratory after having observed the magnetic resonance signal of Pu 239 for the first time. Get Expertise Scientist Eric Bauer Condensed Matter & Magnet Science Email Professor Hiroshi Yasuoka Japan Atomic Energy Agency "This discovery of the plutonium 239 magnetic resonance promises to revolutionize our understanding of plutonium solid state physics, chemistry, biology and materials science."

50

Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging Print Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging Print XPD helicase is an enzyme that unwinds the DNA double helix; it is one component of an essential repair mechanism that maintains the integrity of DNA. XPD is unique, however, in that pinpoint mutations of this single protein are responsible for three different human diseases: in xeroderma pigmentosum (XP), extreme sensitivity to sunlight promotes cancer; Cockayne syndrome (CS) involves stunted growth and premature aging; trichothiodystrophy (TTD), characterized by brittle hair and scaly skin, is another form of greatly accelerated aging. At the ALS, researchers from Berkeley Lab and The Scripps Research Institute recently solved the structure of XPD. The structure gives novel insight into the processes of aging and cancer by revealing how discrete flaws-as seemingly insignificant as a change in either of two adjacent amino acid residues-can lead to diseases with completely different physical manifestations.

51

Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging Print Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging Print XPD helicase is an enzyme that unwinds the DNA double helix; it is one component of an essential repair mechanism that maintains the integrity of DNA. XPD is unique, however, in that pinpoint mutations of this single protein are responsible for three different human diseases: in xeroderma pigmentosum (XP), extreme sensitivity to sunlight promotes cancer; Cockayne syndrome (CS) involves stunted growth and premature aging; trichothiodystrophy (TTD), characterized by brittle hair and scaly skin, is another form of greatly accelerated aging. At the ALS, researchers from Berkeley Lab and The Scripps Research Institute recently solved the structure of XPD. The structure gives novel insight into the processes of aging and cancer by revealing how discrete flaws-as seemingly insignificant as a change in either of two adjacent amino acid residues-can lead to diseases with completely different physical manifestations.

52

Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging Print Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging Print XPD helicase is an enzyme that unwinds the DNA double helix; it is one component of an essential repair mechanism that maintains the integrity of DNA. XPD is unique, however, in that pinpoint mutations of this single protein are responsible for three different human diseases: in xeroderma pigmentosum (XP), extreme sensitivity to sunlight promotes cancer; Cockayne syndrome (CS) involves stunted growth and premature aging; trichothiodystrophy (TTD), characterized by brittle hair and scaly skin, is another form of greatly accelerated aging. At the ALS, researchers from Berkeley Lab and The Scripps Research Institute recently solved the structure of XPD. The structure gives novel insight into the processes of aging and cancer by revealing how discrete flaws-as seemingly insignificant as a change in either of two adjacent amino acid residues-can lead to diseases with completely different physical manifestations.

53

Psychology Insight Taster Day with British Psychology Society (ID:325)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Psychology Insight Taster Day with British Psychology Society (ID:325) Outline The `Psychology and Lecturers aim to give a detailed picture of the various work within Psychology and the career/training options available. These are run in conjunction with the Welsh Branch of the British Psychological Society

Harman, Neal.A.

54

Theoretical insights into multibandgap hybrid perovskites for photovoltaic applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Theoretical insights into multibandgap hybrid perovskites for photovoltaic applications J. Even theoretically the crystalline phases of one of the hybrids relevant for photovoltaic applications, namely CH3NH3, evidencing inversion of band edge states. Keywords: Photovoltaic, Hybrid perovskite, density functional

55

Nuclear magnetic resonance offers new insights into Pu 239  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- 1 - Nuclear magnetic resonance offers new insights into Pu 239 May 29, 2012 Nuclear magnetic signal of plutonium 239's unique nuclear magnetic resonance signature has been detected by scientists on the subject, "Observation of 239 Pu Nuclear Magnetic Resonance," was published in the May 18 issue of Science

56

Insights from Agricultural GHG Offset studies that might  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Insights from Agricultural GHG Offset studies that might Influence IAM Modeling Bruce A. Mc #12;How are landHow are land--use and terrestrial GHGuse and terrestrial GHG mitigation decisions/expert ­ Crop mix shift Varieties GHG Mitigation ­ Methane from rice, enteric, manure, others N2O from

McCarl, Bruce A.

57

Wind Extremes and Scales: Multifractal Insights and Empirical Evidence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-time scales (e.g. gusts, tempests, etc.) is of prime importance for a safe and efficient wind energy potential estimates and wind farm implementation. We discuss the consequences of the multifractal behaviour17 Wind Extremes and Scales: Multifractal Insights and Empirical Evidence I. Tchiguirinskaia, D

Lovejoy, Shaun

58

Physiological Insights Towards Improving Fish Culture L. CURRY WOODS III*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Physiological Insights Towards Improving Fish Culture L. CURRY WOODS III* Department of Animal, and American Fisheries Society (AFS) Fish Culture Section, was held February 26 through March 2, 2007, in San Antonio, Texas. At this meeting, the AFS Fish Culture and Fish Physiol- ogy Sections co

Hamza, Iqbal

59

Friction versus dilation revisited: Insights from theoretical and numerical models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Friction versus dilation revisited: Insights from theoretical and numerical models N. Makedonska,1 controlled by the frictional strength of the fault gouge, a granular layer that accumulates between the fault friction coefficient) of such granular layers is the systems resistance to dilation, a byprocess

Einat, Aharonov

60

Responsive Systems Comparison Method: Dynamic Insights into Designing a Satellite  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

satellite radar system architectures for providing the United States Military a global, all-weather, onResponsive Systems Comparison Method: Dynamic Insights into Designing a Satellite Radar System Adam of talk #12;seari.mit.edu � 2009 Massachusetts Institute of Technology 5 Case Application: Satellite Radar

de Weck, Olivier L.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "insight inforum interindustry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Insight Vol 47 No 5 May 2005 269 Introduction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

inspections. Subsequent measures can be taken to extend the pipeline lifespan by repairing, sectionalInsight Vol 47 No 5 May 2005 269 Introduction Structural integrity and reliability of pipelines geometry and frequency of occurrence, pipeline operators have to decide on the time intervals for periodic

Clapham, Lynann

62

Microsoft Word - EXT-00102-Insight Final Report-Printformat.doc  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

0102 0102 March 2002 Field Operations Program - Honda Insight Hybrid Electric Vehicle Performance Characterization Report J. Francfort N. Nguyen J. Phung J. Smith M. Wehrey INEEL/EXT-02-00102 Field Operations Program - Honda Insight Hybrid Electric Vehicle Performance Characterization Report J. Francfort 1 N. Nguyen 2 J. Phung 2 J. Smith 2 M. Wehrey 2 Published March 2002 Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory Transportation Technology and Infrastructure Department Idaho Falls, Idaho 83415 Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Under DOE Idaho Operations Office Contract No. DE-AC07-99ID13727 1 INEEL/Bechtel BWXT Idaho, LLC. 2 Southern California Edison iii

63

New imaging technique provides improved insight into controlling the plasma  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

New imaging technique provides improved insight into controlling the plasma New imaging technique provides improved insight into controlling the plasma in fusion experiments By John Greenwald December 9, 2013 Tweet Widget Facebook Like Google Plus One Graphic representation of 2D images of fluctuating electron temperatures in a cross-section of a confined fusion plasma. Graphic representation of 2D images of fluctuating electron temperatures in a cross-section of a confined fusion plasma. A key issue for the development of fusion energy to generate electricity is the ability to confine the superhot, charged plasma gas that fuels fusion reactions in magnetic devices called tokamaks. This gas is subject to instabilities that cause it to leak from the magnetic fields and halt fusion reactions. Now a recently developed imaging technique can help researchers improve

64

New imaging technique provides improved insight into controlling the plasma  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

New imaging technique provides improved insight into controlling the plasma New imaging technique provides improved insight into controlling the plasma in fusion experiments By John Greenwald December 9, 2013 Tweet Widget Facebook Like Google Plus One Graphic representation of 2D images of fluctuating electron temperatures in a cross-section of a confined fusion plasma. Graphic representation of 2D images of fluctuating electron temperatures in a cross-section of a confined fusion plasma. A key issue for the development of fusion energy to generate electricity is the ability to confine the superhot, charged plasma gas that fuels fusion reactions in magnetic devices called tokamaks. This gas is subject to instabilities that cause it to leak from the magnetic fields and halt fusion reactions. Now a recently developed imaging technique can help researchers improve

65

Water an Unusual Liquid; LCLS Provides New Insights | Stanford Synchrotron  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Water an Unusual Liquid; LCLS Provides New Insights Water an Unusual Liquid; LCLS Provides New Insights Wednesday, November 13, 2013 - 3:00pm SLAC, Redtail Hawk Conference Room 108A Anders Nilsson, SUNCAT The anomalous physical properties of water are responsible for sustaining much of life on earth; for example, water displays a higher heat capacity than common liquids and expands upon freezing. Some of these anomalous physical properties become dramatically enhanced upon supercooling below the freezing point. In particular, extrapolations of the thermal expansion coefficient, isothermal compressibility, heat capacity and correlation length can all be fitted with a power law divergence with the same apparent singularity temperature of about 228 K. Experiments on pure bulk water below about ~240 K have so far been difficult: water crystallization occurs

66

Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Bioscience Bioscience Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging Print XPD helicase is an enzyme that unwinds the DNA double helix; it is one component of an essential repair mechanism that maintains the integrity of DNA. XPD is unique, however, in that pinpoint mutations of this single protein are responsible for three different human diseases: in xeroderma pigmentosum (XP), extreme sensitivity to sunlight promotes cancer; Cockayne syndrome (CS) involves stunted growth and premature aging; trichothiodystrophy (TTD), characterized by brittle hair and scaly skin, is another form of greatly accelerated aging. At the ALS, researchers from Berkeley Lab and The Scripps Research Institute recently solved the structure of XPD. The structure gives novel insight into the processes of aging and cancer by revealing how discrete flaws-as seemingly insignificant as a change in either of two adjacent amino acid residues-can lead to diseases with completely different physical manifestations.

67

Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Enzyme Structure Provides Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging Print Wednesday, 25 February 2009 00:00 XPD helicase is an enzyme that unwinds the DNA double helix; it is one component of an essential repair mechanism that maintains the integrity of DNA. XPD is unique, however, in that pinpoint mutations of this single protein are responsible for three different human diseases: in xeroderma pigmentosum (XP), extreme sensitivity to sunlight promotes cancer; Cockayne syndrome (CS) involves stunted growth and premature aging; trichothiodystrophy (TTD), characterized by brittle hair and scaly skin, is another form of greatly accelerated aging. At the ALS, researchers from Berkeley Lab and The Scripps Research Institute recently solved the structure of XPD. The structure gives novel insight into the processes of aging and cancer by revealing how discrete flaws-as seemingly insignificant as a change in either of two adjacent amino acid residues-can lead to diseases with completely different physical manifestations.

68

Using Thermodynamic Insight in the Optimization of LNG Processes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In pure-refrigerant cascade processes for natural gas liquefaction, several stages must be combined in order to obtain energy efficient designs. This introduces a large number of degrees of freedom in the optimization problem. In this work, the power consumption of a simple and a complex cascade process has been minimized. Thermodynamic insight has been usedto facilitate the choice of decision variables and their respective bounds. For the studied cases, the results indicate that refrigerant superheating improves the energy efficiency, while the effect of refrigerant sub-cooling is the opposite.

Bjrn Austb; Truls Gundersen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Qualification for PowerInsight accuracy of power measurements.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Accuracy of component based power measuring devices forms a necessary basis for research in the area of power-e cient and power-aware computing. The accuracy of these devices must be quanti ed within a reasonable tolerance. This study focuses on PowerInsight, an out- of-band embedded measuring device which takes readings of power rails on compute nodes within a HPC system in realtime. We quantify how well the device performs in comparison to a digital oscilloscope as well as PowerMon2. We show that the accuracy is within a 6% deviation on measurements under reasonable load.

DeBonis, David; Laros, James H.,; Pedretti, Kevin Thomas Tauke

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Structures for Three Membrane Transport Proteins Yield Functional Insights  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Structures for Three Membrane Structures for Three Membrane Transport Proteins Yield Functional Insights Structures for Three Membrane Transport Proteins Yield Functional Insights Print Wednesday, 27 January 2010 00:00 Cells depend on contact with their outside environment in order to thrive. Two examples illustrate why: In one, information needed to guide cellular processes is constantly transmitted across cell membranes by specialized proteins, and in the other, maintaining the right gradient of ions across the membrane is a process critical to the life and death of a cell. Membrane transport proteins-functioning either as channels or transporters-are the gatekeepers that control contact with the world outside the cell by catalyzing the flow of ions and molecules across cell membranes. Malfunctioning transport proteins can lead to cancer, inflammatory, and neurological diseases. Despite their importance in cell function and in a multitude of physiological processes such as sensing pain, there are still many unknowns about how they function. Recently, in an impressive series of three papers in Nature and Science, researchers at the Oregon Health and Science University delineated the structures of three transporter proteins, one of which had never before been characterized structurally in such detail. The structures were solved using ALS Beamlines 5.0.2, 8.2.1, and 8.2.2.

71

SunShot Initiative: Physics of Reliability: Evaluating Design Insights for  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Physics of Reliability: Physics of Reliability: Evaluating Design Insights for Component Technologies in Solar to someone by E-mail Share SunShot Initiative: Physics of Reliability: Evaluating Design Insights for Component Technologies in Solar on Facebook Tweet about SunShot Initiative: Physics of Reliability: Evaluating Design Insights for Component Technologies in Solar on Twitter Bookmark SunShot Initiative: Physics of Reliability: Evaluating Design Insights for Component Technologies in Solar on Google Bookmark SunShot Initiative: Physics of Reliability: Evaluating Design Insights for Component Technologies in Solar on Delicious Rank SunShot Initiative: Physics of Reliability: Evaluating Design Insights for Component Technologies in Solar on Digg Find More places to share SunShot Initiative: Physics of

72

V-016: HP Performance Insight Bugs with Sybase Database Let Remote Users  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

6: HP Performance Insight Bugs with Sybase Database Let Remote 6: HP Performance Insight Bugs with Sybase Database Let Remote Users Deny Service and Take Full Control of the Target System V-016: HP Performance Insight Bugs with Sybase Database Let Remote Users Deny Service and Take Full Control of the Target System November 5, 2012 - 6:00am Addthis PROBLEM: HP Performance Insight Bugs with Sybase Database Let Remote Users Deny Service and Take Full Control of the Target System PLATFORM: HP Performance Insight v5.31, v5.40 and v5.41 running on HP-UX, Solaris, Linux, and Windows and using Sybase as the database ABSTRACT: Two vulnerabilities were reported in HP Performance Insight. REFERENCE LINKS: HP Support Document ID: c03555488 SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1027719 CVE-2012-3269 CVE-2012-3270 IMPACT ASSESSMENT: High DISCUSSION:

73

E-Print Network 3.0 - acidobacteria provide insight Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Phylum Acidobacteria Provide Insight into the Lifestyles of These Microorganisms... . The identification and analysis of these genes provided sev- eral clues that these three...

74

HEV Fleet Testing - Summary Fact Sheet for the 2010 Honda Insight  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

**Operating costs includes insurance, fuel, and registration costs Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity 2010 Honda Insight VIN JHMZE2H78AS010141 Description: This vehicle is...

75

E-Print Network 3.0 - aldehydes mechanistic insights Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

for: aldehydes mechanistic insights Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Aldehyde-Amine Chemistry Enables Modulated Biosealants with Tissue-Specific Adhesion Summary: Aldehyde-Amine...

76

Solar wind samples give insight into birth of solar system  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Solar wind samples Solar wind samples Solar wind samples give insight into birth of solar system Most of the Genesis payload consisted of fragile solar-wind collectors, which had been exposed to the solar particles over a period of two years. June 23, 2011 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials.

77

DOE Joint Genome Institute: Peach Genome Offers Insights into Breeding  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

March 24, 2013 March 24, 2013 Peach Genome Offers Insights into Breeding Strategies for Biofuels Crops Rapidly growing trees like poplars and willows are candidate "biofuel crops" from which it is expected that cellulosic ethanol and higher energy content fuels can be efficiently extracted. Domesticating these crops requires a deep understanding of the physiology and genetics of trees, and scientists are turning to long-domesticated fruit trees for hints. The relationship between a peach and a poplar may not be obvious at first glance, but to botanists both trees are part of the rosid superfamily, which includes not only fruit crops like apples, strawberries, cherries, and almonds, but many other plants as well, including rose that gives the superfamily its name.

78

November 2010, IDC Retail Insights #GRI224949 Checkout System Cost of Ownership: The  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

November 2010, IDC Retail Insights #GRI224949 Checkout System Cost of Ownership: The Fundamental Parker November 2010 I D C R E T A I L I N S I G H T S O P I N I O N IDC Retail Insights published two checkout technologies to help retailers understand the differences among all the cost components involving

79

NREL Highlights SCIENCE Research provides insight for exploring use of Earth-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NREL Highlights SCIENCE Research provides insight for exploring use of Earth- abundant quaternary, it is critical to find new material that is Earth abundant and easily manufactured. Previous experimental studies This research provides insight for exploring use of Earth-abundant quaternary semiconductors for large

80

Some insight on why Bam (Iran) was destroyed by an earthquake of relatively moderate size  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Some insight on why Bam (Iran) was destroyed by an earthquake of relatively moderate size Michel March 2006; accepted 29 March 2006; published 13 May 2006. [1] The Bam (Iran) earthquake of 2003. Hatzfeld, J. A. Jackson, and E. Haghshenas (2006), Some insight on why Bam (Iran) was destroyed

Hatzfeld, Denis

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "insight inforum interindustry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Somatic Sex Determination in D. melanogaster: Insights in the Establishment to Maintenance Transition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SOMATIC SEX DETERMINATION IN D. MELANOGASTER: INSIGHTS IN THE ESTABLISHMENT TO MAINTENANCE TRANSITION A Dissertation by ALEJANDRA NOEMI GONZALEZ ROJOS Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University... in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY May 2012 Major Subject: Biology Somatic Sex Determination in D. melanogaster: Insights in the Establishment to Maintenance...

Gonzalez Rojos, Alejandra Noemi

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

82

Making Sustainable Energy Choices: Insights on the Energy/Water/Land Nexus  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This periodic publication summarizes insights from the body of NREL analysis work. In this issue of Analysis Insights, we examine the implications of our energy choices on water, land use, climate, developmental goals, and other factors. Collectively, NREL's work helps policymakers and investors understand and evaluate energy choices within the complex web of connections, or nexus, between energy, water, and land.

Not Available

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Novel insights into green sea turtle behaviour using animal-borne video cameras  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Novel insights into green sea turtle behaviour using animal-borne video cameras Michael R. Heithaus to collect behavioural data on green (Chelonia mydas) and logger- head (Caretta caretta) turtles in Western Australia. This technique provided novel insights into the behaviour of green turtles including an apparent

Dill, Lawrence M.

84

EM Gains Insight from Germany on Salt-Based Repositories | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Gains Insight from Germany on Salt-Based Repositories Gains Insight from Germany on Salt-Based Repositories EM Gains Insight from Germany on Salt-Based Repositories December 14, 2011 - 12:00pm Addthis Participants in the workshops in Germany toured Asse II, one of Germany’s two salt-based repositories, to gain insights into that facility’s technical challenges and proposed solutions. Pictured, left to right, are an Asse II employee, Bernhard Kienzler of the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, CBFO Chief Scientist Roger Nelson, CBFO International Programs Manager Dr. Abraham Van Luik, and Andrew Wolfsberg, Acting Deputy Division Leader for Earth and Environmental Sciences at Los Alamos National Laboratory. Participants in the workshops in Germany toured Asse II, one of Germany's two salt-based repositories, to gain insights into that facility's

85

Rutgers Marketing Research Insights and Analytics Flex MBA goes beyond training marketing research analysts. The unique program connects academics and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Rutgers Marketing Research Insights and Analytics Flex MBA goes beyond training marketing research analysts. The unique program connects academics and industry by educating future marketing intelligence professionals who can fully utilize analytical insights gained from marketing research and shape business

Lin, Xiaodong

86

Complexity within the Air Force acquisition system gaining insight from a theory of collapse  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Joseph Tainter's theory of societal collapse is applied in an examination of the U.S. Air Force's aircraft acquisition system in order to gain insight into the enterprise's lagging performance. Theories of collapse at both ...

Marticello, Daniel Nicholas, Jr

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Multi-parameter monitoring of a solution mining cavern collapse: first insight of precursors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Multi-parameter monitoring of a solution mining cavern collapse: first insight of precursors leveling; early warning system; environmental safety; salt cavern; near-surface geophysics. Mots clés

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

88

FEBS J . Author manuscript Recent insights into cerebral cavernous malformations: a complex jigsaw  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FEBS J . Author manuscript Page /1 10 Recent insights into cerebral cavernous malformations: Eva Faurobert Abstract Cerebral cavernous malformations are common-Matrix Junctions ; physiology ; Hemangioma, Cavernous, Central Nervous System ; genetics ; metabolism

Boyer, Edmond

89

Building America Whole-House Solutions for New Homes: Insight Homes, Seaford, Delaware  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Case study of Insight Homes, who worked with the Building America research partner IBACOS to design HERS-49 homes with high-efficiency HVAC, ducts in insulated crawl spaces, raised heel trusses, dehumidifiers, and central manifold plumbing.

90

Insights into the Evolution of Vitamin B12 Auxotrophy from Sequenced Algal Genomes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Insights into the Evolution of Vitamin B12 Auxotrophy from Sequenced Algal Genomes Katherine E. Helliwell,1 Glen L. Wheeler,2,3 Kyriacos C. Leptos,4 Raymond E. Goldstein,4 and Alison G. Smith*,1 1

Goldstein, Raymond E.

91

E-Print Network 3.0 - adolescent brain insights Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: adolescent brain insights Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Summary and Conclusions 8.1 Introduction Summary:...

92

Physics of Reliability: Evaluating Design Insights for Component Technologies in Solar  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The SunShot Physics of Reliability: Evaluating Design Insights for Component Technologies in Solar (PREDICTS) program is taking a physics- and chemistry-based approach to identifying failure modes...

93

On the origin of species: insights from the ecological genomics of lake whitefish  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...species: insights from the ecological genomics of lake whitefish Louis Bernatchez 1...have been conducting on the ecological genomics of sympatric forms of whitefish (Coregonus...speciation. speciation|ecological genomics|454 sequencing|microarrays|selection...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Analyzing Social Media Networks with NodeXL: Insights from a Connected World  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Businesses, entrepreneurs, individuals, and government agencies alike are looking to social network analysis (SNA) tools for insight into trends, connections, and fluctuations in social media. Microsoft's NodeXL is a free, open-source SNA plug-in for ...

Derek Hansen; Ben Shneiderman; Marc A. Smith

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Data Insights: New Ways to Visualize and Make Sense of Data  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Data Insights offers multi-disciplinary perspectives and useful information about how visualizations can open your eyes to data. This thought-provoking book takes a conversational approach to presenting an overview of the subject, while also focusing ...

Hunter Whitney

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

E-Print Network 3.0 - aldehydes added insight Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

for: aldehydes added insight Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 THE JOURNAL OF BIOL.OGICAL CHEMISTRY 0 1990 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc. Summary:...

97

Expedition Provides New Insight on Gas Hydrates in Gulf of Mexico |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Expedition Provides New Insight on Gas Hydrates in Gulf of Mexico Expedition Provides New Insight on Gas Hydrates in Gulf of Mexico Expedition Provides New Insight on Gas Hydrates in Gulf of Mexico May 14, 2013 - 10:00am Addthis USGS technicians Eric Moore and Jenny White deploy instruments at the start of a seismic survey to explore gas hydrates in the deepwater Gulf of Mexico from April to May 2013 | Photo courtesy of USGS USGS technicians Eric Moore and Jenny White deploy instruments at the start of a seismic survey to explore gas hydrates in the deepwater Gulf of Mexico from April to May 2013 | Photo courtesy of USGS Washington, DC - A joint-federal-agency 15-day research expedition in the northern Gulf of Mexico yielded innovative high-resolution seismic data and imagery that will help refine characterizations of large methane

98

Closer to HIV vaccine goal with new insight into viral factors  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Closer to HIV vaccine goal with new insight into viral factors Closer to HIV vaccine goal with new insight into viral factors New insight into viral factors that facilitate HIV transmission Understanding viral factors that facilitate transmission of HIV infection is critical to developing vaccines. February 14, 2012 Scientists work at the National Stable Isotope Resource LANL scientists found that the infected donor's predominant virus subpopulation in the genital tract differed from that in the blood. Comparing the HIV sequence population in each newly infected partner with that in the genital tract of the transmitting partner revealed that the transmitted variant was genetically distinct from the donor's predominant genital-tract variants. The results imply that a selective process, rather than a random one, determines the transmitted or founder virus.

99

Fundamental New Insight Into Material for Optical-Switching | U.S. DOE  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Fundamental New Insight Into Material for Optical-Switching Fundamental New Insight Into Material for Optical-Switching Basic Energy Sciences (BES) BES Home About Research Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of BES Funding Opportunities Basic Energy Sciences Advisory Committee (BESAC) News & Resources Contact Information Basic Energy Sciences U.S. Department of Energy SC-22/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-3081 F: (301) 903-6594 E: sc.bes@science.doe.gov More Information » September 2013 Fundamental New Insight Into Material for Optical-Switching A triple point, where three different atomic structures coexist simultaneously, has been uncovered in vanadium dioxide. Print Text Size: A A A Subscribe FeedbackShare Page Click to enlarge photo. Enlarge Photo Image courtesy of David H Cobden

100

Structure of the type VI secretion phospholipase effector Tle1 provides insight into its hydrolysis and membrane targeting  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Crystal structure and molecular dynamics simulations analysis of the type VI secretion phospholipase effector Tle1 provide insights into its hydrolysis and membrane targeting.

Hu, H.

2014-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

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While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Voices of Experience: New Guide Offers Utilities Insights on Engaging with Smart Grid Customers  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Voices of Experience | Insights on Smart Grid Customer Engagement guide builds on the knowledge shared during a series of DOE-sponsored regional peer-to-peer workshops during which utilities discussed compelling smart grid topics and issues. The guide offers practical advice and lessons learned, and showcases creative, high-impact approaches.

102

Anatomy of Bridge Flutter: Some New Insights Xinzhong Chen, Ahsan Kareem  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Anatomy of Bridge Flutter: Some New Insights Xinzhong Chen, Ahsan Kareem NatHaz Modeling Laboratory accuracy and effectiveness are demonstrated through a flutter analysis of a cable-stayed bridge and aerodynamics on bridge flutter, which helps in better tailoring of the bridge structural systems and deck

Kareem, Ahsan

103

New Insights from a Fixed Point Analysis of Single Cell IEEE 802.11 WLANs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

New Insights from a Fixed Point Analysis of Single Cell IEEE 802.11 WLANs Anurag Kumar1, Eitan Altman2, Daniele Miorandi2 and Munish Goyal1 Abstract-- We study a fixed point formalisation of the well. In this more general framework, the fixed point solution and performance measures resulting from it are studied

Kumar, Anurag

104

New Insights from a Fixed Point Analysis of Single Cell IEEE 802.11 WLANs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 New Insights from a Fixed Point Analysis of Single Cell IEEE 802.11 WLANs Anurag Kumar1, Eitan Altman2, Daniele Miorandi3 and Munish Goyal1 Abstract-- We study a fixed point formalisation of the well of the analysis. In this more general framework, the fixed point solution and performance measures resulting from

Kumar, Anurag

105

New insights into differences in brain organization between Neanderthals and anatomically modern humans  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...133 144 New insights into differences in brain organization between Neanderthals and anatomically...identified morphological differences between the brains of Neanderthals and anatomically modern...features and the overall size and shape of the brain. A complementary approach uses comparative...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Hearing and seeing meaning in speech and gesture: insights from brain and behaviour  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...meaning in speech and gesture: insights from brain and behaviour Asl ozyurek 1 2 e-mail...comprehension of iconic gestures involves brain activations known to be involved in semantic...information coming from both channels recruiting brain areas such as left IFG, posterior superior...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Applicability of InSAR to tropical volcanoes: insights from Central AmericaQ1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

volcanoes: insights from Central AmericaQ1 S. K. EBMEIER1*, J. BIGGS2,3, T. A. MATHER1 & F. AMELUNG3 1 COMET+, Department of Earth Sciences, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3AN, UK 2 COMET+, Department rapid in southern Central America where Evergreen broad- leaf vegetation dominates. Land

Biggs, Juliet

108

Calder Query Grid Service: Insights and Experimental Evaluation Nithya N. Vijayakumar, Ying Liu and Beth Plale  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Calder Query Grid Service: Insights and Experimental Evaluation Nithya N. Vijayakumar, Ying Liu to a Grid services framework. Experimental results reveal limits on stream processing rates, providing customized access and mini- mal, efficient preprocessing. We model a data resource as a logical

Plale, Beth

109

Recent insights into Cerebral Cavernous Malformations: a complex jigsaw puzzle under construction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recent insights into Cerebral Cavernous Malformations: a complex jigsaw puzzle under construction.faurobert@ujf-grenoble.fr Running title: Emerging signaling pathways regulated by CCM proteins Abstract : Cerebral cavernous the etiology of the disease. Cerebral cavernous malformations (CCM) are common vascular malformations

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

110

Bioenergetics Modeling in the 21st Century: Reviewing New Insights and Revisiting Old Constraints  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bioenergetics Modeling in the 21st Century: Reviewing New Insights and Revisiting Old Constraints.--The development and application of fish bioenergetics models have flourished in recent years, due in part of bioenergetics models can be hampered by uncertainty in model parameters. A review of the literature showed

111

Effectively Addressing NASA's Organizational and Safety Culture: Insights from Systems Safety and Engineering Systems1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to what were termed organizational and safety culture issues, but more work is needed if leaders at NASA1 Effectively Addressing NASA's Organizational and Safety Culture: Insights from Systems Safety, Nicolas Dulac, Lydia Fraile, Karen Marais MIT 1.0 Introduction Safety is an emergent, system property

de Weck, Olivier L.

112

Climate Insights 101 Questions and Discussion Points: Module 1, Lesson 4: An Introduction to Climate Modelling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, 2014 Questions: Describe climate models: how do they help us understand the past and project. slide 8) Experts in climate modelling are careful to say they are "projecting" long-term future climateClimate Insights 101 Questions and Discussion Points: Module 1, Lesson 4: An Introduction

Pedersen, Tom

113

Oxygen diffusion in solid oxide fuel cell cathode and electrolyte materials: mechanistic insights from atomistic simulations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Oxygen diffusion in solid oxide fuel cell cathode and electrolyte materials: mechanistic insights to drive fast ionic transport. 1. Introduction The interest in Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) technology. Current targets of cost and durability necessitate solid oxide fuel cells to operate in the intermediate

Yildiz, Bilge

114

Insights from Agricultural and Forestry GHG Offset Bruce A. McCarl  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Insights from Agricultural and Forestry GHG Offset Studies Bruce A. McCarl Regents Professor Agricultural and Forestry GHG Offset Studies that Might Influence IAM Modeling," that will appear in the book and Forestry GHG Offset Studies 1 Introduction The agricultural and forestry (AF) sectors exhibit critical

McCarl, Bruce A.

115

Indirect validation of tropospheric nitrogen dioxide retrieved from the OMI satellite instrument: Insight into the seasonal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Click Here for Full Article Indirect validation of tropospheric nitrogen dioxide retrieved from nitrogen dioxide retrieved from the OMI satellite instrument: Insight into the seasonal variation of the hydroxyl radical (OH). Nitrogen dioxide (NO2) is an indicator of surface air quality that is associated

Dirksen, Ruud

116

Currents and turbulence within a kelp forest (Macrocystis pyrifera): Insights from a dynamically scaled laboratory model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

coastal ocean because of the combination of smaller turbulent eddies and reduced currents. The decreaseCurrents and turbulence within a kelp forest (Macrocystis pyrifera): Insights from a dynamically pyrifera forest on currents and turbulence were investigated in a controlled laboratory setting using

Denny, Mark

117

The Anatomy of a Memory: Insights Into How Information is Stored in the Brain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Anatomy of a Memory: Insights Into How Information is Stored in the Brain Maria Concetta, to the ability of our brains to record and to store our experiences. Memory is the glue that binds our mental and biologists have joined forces to open up the "black box" to study how the brain and behavior allows us

Qian, Ning

118

Performance on an episodic encoding task yields further insight into functional brain development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Performance on an episodic encoding task yields further insight into functional brain development August 2006 To further characterize changes in functional brain development that are associated in the direction predicted by the endpoint analysis. We conclude that the patterns of brain activation associated

119

Why help in this way? Insights gained from an approachable contact  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Why help in this way? Insights gained from an approachable contact within an organisation can make to a student query when you feel able to help by sharing your experiences and offering advice. How do I become for Rolls-Royce in helping us to secure the best graduate talent but having helped 3 Lancaster students

Diggle, Peter J.

120

Structure of sulfamidase provides insight into the molecular pathology of mucopolysaccharidosis IIIA  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Mucopolysaccharidosis IIIA is a fatal neurodegenerative disease that typically manifests itself in childhood and is caused by mutations in the gene for the lysosomal enzyme sulfamidase. The first structure of this enzyme is presented, which provides insight into the molecular basis of disease-causing mutations, and the enzymatic mechanism is proposed.

Sidhu, N.S.

2014-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "insight inforum interindustry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

IBM Center for Applied Insights Energy and Utilities The value of smarter energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IBM Center for Applied Insights Energy and Utilities The value of smarter energy Making the case. Utilities are increasingly challenged to make better, smarter use of existing assets to generate financial return. The transformation from conventional utility networks to much more efficient, smarter grids has

122

Catalysis Today 53 (1999) 433441 New insights into methanol synthesis catalysts from X-ray absorption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

O and Cr2O3 mixtures and produced methanol in low yields from CO­H2 mixtures at high temperatures (593Catalysis Today 53 (1999) 433­441 New insights into methanol synthesis catalysts from X a consistent structural picture of methanol synthesis catalysts. Copper metal is the principal Cu species

Iglesia, Enrique

123

Insights into Head Related Transfer Function: Spatial Dimensionality and Continuous Representation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

measurements are discrete by necessity, and secondly there is no standard HRTF spatial sam- pling theoryInsights into Head Related Transfer Function: Spatial Dimensionality and Continuous Representation, The Australian National University, Canberra ACT 0200, Australiaa) and Ramani Duraiswami Perceptual Interfaces

Abhayapala, Thushara D.

124

Insights into head-related transfer function: Spatial dimensionality and continuous representation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by necessity, and second there is no standard HRTF spatial sampling theory to make HRTF measurement practicalInsights into head-related transfer function: Spatial dimensionality and continuous representation, The Australian National University, Canberra ACT 0200, Australia Ramani Duraiswami Perceptual Interfaces

Zhang, Wen

125

Carbon Footprint and the Management of Supply Chains: Insights from Simple Models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Carbon Footprint and the Management of Supply Chains: Insights from Simple Models Saif Benjaafar1, we illustrate how carbon emission concerns could be integrated into operational decision-making with regard to procurement, production, and inventory management. We show how, by associating carbon emission

Benjaafar, Saifallah

126

Sorption of Aldrich humic acids onto hematite: Insights into fractionation phenomena by  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

S1 Sorption of Aldrich humic acids onto hematite: Insights into fractionation phenomena by Electro, the absorbance spectra obtained for the initial PAHA sample and of supernatants from sorption experiments. Table S1: initial PAHA concentration and pH of the sorption experiments and absorbance values

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

127

Sorption of Aldrich Humic Acids onto Hematite: Insights into Fractionation Phenomena by Electrospray  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sorption of Aldrich Humic Acids onto Hematite: Insights into Fractionation Phenomena.reiller@cea.fr, +33 1 6908 4312 ;badia.amekraz@cea.fr, +33 1 6908 8034; Fax +33 1 6908 5411 Abstract. Sorption induced-mass range provided evidence of further fractionation induced by sorption within the LMWF. Among the two

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

128

Nuclear interactions in a heterokaryon: insight from the model Neurospora tetrasperma  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...research-article Research articles 1001 70 197 200 Nuclear interactions in a heterokaryon: insight...heterokaryons to demonstrate that the nuclear ratio is consistently biased for mat A-nuclei...we investigated the association between nuclear ratio and expression of alleles of mat-linked...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Molecular Insights into Pediatric Brain Tumors Have the Potential to Transform Therapy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Focus Molecular Insights into Pediatric Brain Tumors Have the Potential to Transform...Germany. 3 The Arthur and Sonia Labatt Brain Tumor Research Center, Hospital for Sick...biologic heterogeneity of several pediatric brain tumors. The biology of the four common...

Amar Gajjar; Stefan M. Pfister; Michael D. Taylor; Richard J. Gilbertson

2014-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

130

Landscape connectivity analysis for conservation: insights from combining new methods with ecological and genetic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PREFACE Landscape connectivity analysis for conservation: insights from combining new methods Landscape connectivity is a multi-scalar concept allowing the investigation of how the interaction between species movement abilities and landscape structure affects species survival, gene flow and other key

Fortin, Marie Josee

131

New insights on the runout of large landslides in the Valles-Marineris canyons, Mars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

New insights on the runout of large landslides in the Valles-Marineris canyons, Mars E. Lajeunesse-Marineris canyons, Mars, Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L04403, doi:10.1029/ 2005GL025168. 1. Introduction [2] Since the first pictures returned from Viking Orbiters, the numerous landslides identified along the canyons

Lajeunesse, Eric

132

Complex phylogeographic patterns in the freshwater alga Synura provide new insights into ubiquity vs. endemism  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Complex phylogeographic patterns in the freshwater alga Synura provide new insights into ubiquity The global distribution, abundance, and diversity of microscopic freshwater algae demonstrate an ability multigene data set, we study the phylogeography of the freshwater heterokont alga Synura petersenii sensu

Wolfe, Alexander P.

133

Hybrid Zones and Sexual Selection 503 HYBRID ZONES AND SEXUAL SELECTION: INSIGHTS FROM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hybrid Zones and Sexual Selection 503 HYBRID ZONES AND SEXUAL SELECTION: INSIGHTS FROM THE AWASH BABOON HYBRID ZONE (Papio hamadryas anubis x P. h. hamadryas) Thore J. Bergman and Jacinta C. Beehner, have focused on the impact of sexual selection on populations of naturally occurring hybrid animals

134

What Insights Into the Developmental Traits of Urodeles Does the Study of Interspecific Hybrids Provide?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 What Insights Into the Developmental Traits of Urodeles Does the Study of Interspecific Hybrids: srvoss@ucdavis.edu; hbshaffer@ucdavis.edu Running Head: Urodele Hybridization Key Words: Ambystoma; Triturus; hybridization; salamander; paedomorphosis #12;2 Table of Contents I. Introduction II. Population

Voss, S. Randal

135

Temporal and spatial scaling of hydraulic response to recharge in fractured aquifers: Insights from a frequency domain analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Temporal and spatial scaling of hydraulic response to recharge in fractured aquifers: Insights from investigate the hydraulic response to recharge of a fractured aquifer, using a frequency domain approach scaling of hydraulic response to recharge in fractured aquifers: Insights from a frequency domain analysis

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

136

Climate Insights 101 Questions and Discussion Points Module 1, Lesson 1: CO2 and the Greenhouse Effect  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Effect 1 Climate Insights 101 Questions and Discussion Points Module 1, Lesson 1: CO2 and the Greenhouse Effect Available at http://pics.uvic.ca/education/climate-insights-101 1. CO2 and the Greenhouse Effect Questions: How did the term "greenhouse effect" originate? Why did it stick in the public imagination? Why

Pedersen, Tom

137

Mobilizing Public Markets to Finance Renewable Energy Projects: Insights from Expert Stakeholders  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Mobilizing Public Markets to Mobilizing Public Markets to Finance Renewable Energy Projects: Insights from Expert Stakeholders Paul Schwabe and Michael Mendelsohn National Renewable Energy Laboratory Felix Mormann Steyer-Taylor Center for Energy Policy and Finance Stanford University Douglas J. Arent Joint Institute for Strategic Energy Analysis Technical Report NREL/TP-6A20-55021 June 2012 NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. National Renewable Energy Laboratory 15013 Denver West Parkway Golden, Colorado 80401 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308 Mobilizing Public Markets to Finance Renewable Energy Projects: Insights from Expert

138

Insights On The Thermal History Of The Valles Caldera, New Mexico- Evidence  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Insights On The Thermal History Of The Valles Caldera, New Mexico- Evidence From Zircon Fission-Track Analysis Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Insights On The Thermal History Of The Valles Caldera, New Mexico- Evidence From Zircon Fission-Track Analysis Details Activities (2) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: The zircon fission-track dating method was applied to the VC-2B core obtained from the active hydrothermal system at Sulphur Springs, Valles caldera, New Mexico. Four samples were analyzed to obtain both zircon ages and track length data from Permian strata to Precambrian quartz

139

Section 1603 Treasury Grant Expiration: Industry Insight on Financing and Market Implications  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

§1603 Treasury Grant §1603 Treasury Grant Expiration: Industry Insight on Financing and Market Implications Michael Mendelsohn National Renewable Energy Laboratory John Harper Birch Tree Capital, LLC Technical Report NREL/TP-6A20-53720 June 2012 NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. National Renewable Energy Laboratory 15013 Denver West Parkway Golden, Colorado 80401 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308 §1603 Treasury Grant Expiration: Industry Insight on Financing and Market Implications Michael Mendelsohn National Renewable Energy Laboratory John Harper Birch Tree Capital, LLC

140

MMCR Spectra-based Hydrometeor Phase Classifier: Evaluation & New Insights  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

MMCR Spectra-based Hydrometeor Phase Classifier: Evaluation & New Insights MMCR Spectra-based Hydrometeor Phase Classifier: Evaluation & New Insights Edward Luke 1 , Pavlos Kollias 1 , Matthew Shupe 2 1. Brookhaven National Laboratory 2. CIRES/NOAA/ETL Predicting HSRL depolarization with MMCR classifier Actual Depolarization Predicted Depolarization How accurately can combined HSRL, MMCR, MWR, and radiosonde generate the "golden" phase retrievals needed to train an MMCR-only classifier? For further discussion see Shupe, 2007. How well can the MMCR-only classifier predict the phase of "golden" retrievals it has not been trained on? We focus here on this second question. KEY EVALUATION QUESTIONS Classifier Sensitivity to Certain Input Parameters Probability Distributions of Certain Input Parameters Probability of Correct Phase Classification

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "insight inforum interindustry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Insights into the design, use and implementation of home energy management systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Between 2008 and 2011, three different home energy management systems (HEMS) that give feedback on energy consumption were implemented in households in the Netherlands. Home energy management systems are defined as intermediary devices that can visualise, monitor and/or manage domestic gas and/or electricity consumption. Through a series of questionnaires, interviews, focus groups and usability tests, a wide range of knowledge was gathered on factors influencing the effectiveness of the three systems. The resulting insights were structured with the help of a conceptual model, which outlines the various interactions between users, energy monitors, and their social and physical environments. The insights provide a broad spectrum of factors to be considered for the successful design and implementation of home energy management systems. This paper aims to provoke an open discussion to ascertain the value of the different factors and further the development of effective and useful HEMS.

S.S. Van Dam; C.A. Bakker; J.D.M. Van Hal

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Wing Shape of Four New Bee Fossils (Hymenoptera: Anthophila) Provides Insights to Bee Evolution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

insights into more recent phenomena among bee evolution, such as changing patterns of biogeography and responses to Paleogene and Neogene geological events. Four of the most important deposits with bee fossils are the Eckfeld/Messel oil shales of Germany... compressions in oil shale. The flora found in this section of the basin suggests a tropical to subtropical climate with a distinct dry season [37], and occurred at a paleoelevation of ,15002900 m [38]. The Oligocene lacustrine beds (calcaire de Campagne...

Dehon, Manuel; Michez, Denis; Nel, André Engel, Michael S.; De Meulemeester, Thibaut

2014-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

143

GOVERNMENT INSIGHTS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Global warming is target of disinformation campaign ... The attacks are being mounted primarily by the Global Climate Coalition (GCC), a group supported by coal, oil, utility, automobile, and chemical companies; by Frederick R. Seitz, chairman of the Washington, D.C.-based George C. Marshall Institute and president emeritus of Rockefeller University; and by Patrick Michaels, state climatologist at the University ... ...

BETTE HILEMA

1996-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

144

Insights from Smart Meters: The Potential for Peak-Hour Savings from Behavior-Based Programs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The rollout of smart meters in the last several years has opened up new forms of previously unavailable energy data. Many utilities are now able in real-time to capture granular, household level interval usage data at very high-frequency levels for a large proportion of their residential and small commercial customer population. This can be linked to other time and locationspecific information, providing vast, constantly growing streams of rich data (sometimes referred to by the recently popular buzz word, big data). Within the energy industry there is increasing interest in tapping into the opportunities that these data can provide. What can we do with all of these data? The richness and granularity of these data enable many types of creative and cutting-edge analytics. Technically sophisticated and rigorous statistical techniques can be used to pull interesting insights out of this highfrequency, human-focused data. We at LBNL are calling this behavior analytics. This kind of analytics has the potential to provide tremendous value to a wide range of energy programs. For example, highly disaggregated and heterogeneous information about actual energy use would allow energy efficiency (EE) and/or demand response (DR) program implementers to target specific programs to specific households; would enable evaluation, measurement and verification (EM&V) of energy efficiency programs to be performed on a much shorter time horizon than was previously possible; and would provide better insights in to the energy and peak hour savings associated with specifics types of EE and DR programs (e.g., behavior-based (BB) programs). In this series, Insights from Smart Meters, we will present concrete, illustrative examples of the type of value that insights from behavior analytics of these data can provide (as well as pointing out its limitations). We will supply several types of key findings, including: Novel results, which answer questions the industry previously was unable to answer; Proof-of-concept analytics tools that can be adapted and used by others; and Guidelines and protocols that summarize analytical best practices. This report focuses on one example of the kind of value that analysis of this data can provide: insights into whether behavior-based (BB) efficiency programs have the potential to provide peak-hour energy savings.

Todd, Annika; Perry, Michael; Smith, Brian; Sullivan, Michael; Cappers, Peter; Goldman, Charles

2014-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

145

New insights into the mechanism and kinetics of adsorbed CO electrooxidation on platinum: Online mass spectrometry and Kinetic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

New insights into the mechanism and kinetics of adsorbed CO electrooxidation on platinum: Online Monte Carlo simulation code specific to the electrooxidation of adsorbed CO on Pt. The simulations

Pfeifer, Holger

146

Entrepreneurial ventures launched by graduating MIT students : insights on founding teams, business models, execution challenges and impact  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis examines entrepreneurial ventures launched by graduating MIT students with the goal of understanding entrepreneurship activities of students while in full-time graduate degree programs and drawing insights on ...

Rao, Nitin Bantwal

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Layered Tantalum Oxynitride Nanorod Array Carpets for Efficient Photoelectrochemical Conversion of Solar Energy: Experimental and DFT Insights  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Layered Tantalum Oxynitride Nanorod Array Carpets for Efficient Photoelectrochemical Conversion of Solar Energy: Experimental and DFT Insights ... This difference in bond energy resulted in narrower band gap energies in oxynitrides compared to their metal oxide counterparts. ...

Nageh K. Allam; Basamat S. Shaheen; Ahmed M. Hafez

2014-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

148

Assembling different forms of knowledge for participative water management Insights from the Concert'eau game1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Assembling different forms of knowledge for participative water management Insights from management provides examples of the move towards participative democracy. Indeed, French water policy uses. A new approach to sharing water is needed. The existing political modalities of management

Boyer, Edmond

149

Video analysis for insight and coding: Examples from tutorials in introductory physics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The increasing ease of video recording offers new opportunities to create richly detailed records of classroom activities. These recordings, in turn, call for research methodologies that balance generalizability with interpretive validity. This paper shares methodology for two practices of video analysis: (1) gaining insight into specific brief classroom episodes and (2) developing and applying a systematic observational protocol for a relatively large corpus of video data. These two aspects of analytic practice are illustrated in the context of a particular research interest but are intended to serve as general suggestions.

Rachel E. Scherr

2009-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

150

The Structure of Ions near Carbon Nanotubes: New Insights into Carbon  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

The Structure of Ions near Carbon Nanotubes: New Insights into The Structure of Ions near Carbon Nanotubes: New Insights into Carbon Surface Chemistry and Implications for Water Purification Carbon-based materials have long been used for a variety of water purification operations. Researchers have investigated carbon materials as adsorbents for decades, but only limited information on the precise details of aqueous ion interactions with carbon surfaces has been uncovered. It is empirically known that the affinity of activated carbon for various hydrated ions depends critically on how the material is processed. Processing influences the types of chemical groups and the structure of the carbon surface, which in turn influences the strength of interaction between hydrated ions and the carbon surface. It is also believed that many of the puzzling properties of impurity-free carbon, such as ferromagnetism, are governed by specific modifications of the carbon surface. However, very little is known about the local structure of the carbon surface that is responsible for its aqueous ion affinity.

151

Structural Insight into the Regulation of the SNARE Assembly by the Cell  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Insight into the Regulation of Insight into the Regulation of the SNARE Assembly by the Cell Polarity Protein Sro7 The cells that comprise many tissues are polarized, meaning that they have distinct 'sides' with different membrane identities. For example, in the cells that line the intestine, the membrane that faces the space in the gut has special proteins responsible for uptake of nutrients, whereas the sides that contact neighboring cells have different proteins on their surfaces. Cell polarity is fundamental to many aspects of cell and developmental biology and it is implicated in differentiation, proliferation and morphogenesis in both unicellular and multi-cellular organisms. Loss of cell polarity can lead to uncontrolled tissue growth and cancers. To generate and maintain this polarized structure, specific proteins and lipids must be delivered to particular locations on the cell membrane. This process involves active transport of membrane-enclosed vesicles containing specific cargo to a target site, where the vesicle and target membranes then fuse to deliver the cargo. Soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor activating protein receptor (SNARE) proteins in the vesicle membrane and target membrane form a complex that mediates membrane fusion. The process by which SNARE-mediated membrane fusion is coordinated with the machinery that transports the vesicle to the correct location is poorly understood.

152

Development of Sulfur and Carbon Tolerant Reforming Alloy Catalysts Aided Fundamental Atomistic Insights  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Current hydrocarbon reforming catalysts suffer from rapid carbon and sulfur poisoning. Even though there is a tremendous incentive to develop more efficient catalysts, these materials are currently formulated using inefficient trial and error experimental approaches. We have utilized a hybrid experimental/theoretical approach, combining quantum Density Functional Theory (DFT) calculations and various state-of-the-art experimental tools, to formulate carbon tolerant reforming catalysts. We have employed DFT calculations to develop molecular insights into the elementary chemical transformations that lead to carbon poisoning of Ni catalysts. Based on the obtained molecular insights, we have identified, using DFT quantum calculation, various Ni alloy catalysts as potential carbon tolerant reforming catalysts. The alloy catalysts were synthesized and tested in steam reforming and partial oxidation of methane, propane, and isooctane. We demonstrated that the alloy catalysts are much more carbon-tolerant than monometallic Ni catalysts under nearly stoichiometric steam-to-carbon ratios. Under these conditions, monometallic Ni is rapidly poisoned by sp2 carbon deposits. The research approach is distinguished by two characteristics: (a) knowledge-based, bottomup approach, compared to the traditional trial and error approach, allows for a more efficient and systematic discovery of improved catalysts. (b) the focus is on exploring alloy materials which have been largely unexplored as potential reforming catalysts.

Suljo Linic

2008-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

153

NETL: News Release - Computer Program Provides Insight into "Fire Ice"  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

April 13, 2006 April 13, 2006 Computer Program Provides Insight Into "Fire Ice" Model Used by Researchers Evaluates Production Potential of Methane Hydrates WASHINGTON, DC - An innovative simulation program developed with funding from the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is helping identify future energy supplies. The first publicly available simulator of its kind, the TOUGH-Fx/Hydrate program is helping researchers and industry partners better understand an emerging natural gas resource: methane hydrates. MORE INFO TOUGH-Fx/Hydrate Project As U.S. demand for natural gas continues to rise, so does our dependence on foreign imports and our need for alternative energy resources. Early studies have shown researchers that methane hydrates-frozen compounds of flammable methane gas trapped inside water molecules-could be the fuel of

154

Mobilizing Public Markets to Finance Renewable Energy Projects: Insights from Expert Stakeholders  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Financing renewable energy projects in the United States can be a complex process. Most equity investment in new renewable power production facilities is supported by tax credits and accelerated depreciation benefits, and is constrained by the pool of potential investors that can fully use these tax benefits and are willing to engage in complex financial structures. For debt financing, non-government lending has largely been provided by foreign banks that may be under future lending constraints due to economic and regulatory conditions. To discuss renewable energy financing challenges and to identify new sources of capital to the U.S. market, two roundtable discussions were held with renewable energy and financing experts in April 2012. This report summarizes the key messages of those discussions and is designed to provide insights to the U.S. market and inform the international conversation on renewable energy financing innovations.

Schwabe, P.; Mendelsohn, M.; Mormann, F.; Arent, D. J.

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Data centres power profile selecting policies for Demand Response: Insights of Green Supply Demand Agreement  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Demand Response mechanisms serve to preserve the stability of the power grid by shedding the electricity load of the consumers during power shortage situations in order to match power generation to demand. Data centres have been identified as excellent candidates to participate in such mechanisms. Recently a novel supply demand agreement have been proposed to foster power adaptation collaboration between energy provider and data centres. In this paper, we analyse the contractual terms of this agreement by proposing and studying different data centres power profile selecting policies. To this end, we setup a discrete event simulation and analysed the power grids state of a German energy provider. We believe that our analysis provides insight and knowledge for any energy utility in setting up the corresponding demand supply agreements.

Robert Basmadjian; Lukas Mller; Hermann De Meer

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Hepatitis C virus and human miR-122: insights from the bench to the clinic  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding \\{RNAs\\} that function as part of RNA-induced silencing complexes that repress the expression of target genes. Over the past few years, miRNAs have been found to mediate complex regulation of a wide variety of mammalian viral infections, including Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Here, we focus on a highly abundant, liver-specific miRNA, miR-122. In a unique and unusual interaction, miR-122 binds to two sites in the 5? untranslated region (UTR) of the HCV genome and promotes viral RNA accumulation. We will discuss what has been learned about this important interaction to date, provide insights into how miR-122 is able to modulate HCV RNA accumulation, and how miR-122 might be exploited for antiviral intervention.

Joyce A Wilson; Selena M Sagan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - Sector  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

per day, except where noted) Other Projections Projection 2010 AEO2012 Reference case BPa EVA INFORUM P&G 2015 Average U.S. imported RAC (2010 dollars per barrel) 75.87 113.97...

158

Digging into exploration processes within established firms: Insights from two entities dedicated to enhancing radical innovation to support existing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Digging into exploration processes within established firms: Insights from two entities dedicated to understand the specificities of exploration processes. In this paper we propose to dig into the exploration.midler@polytechnique.edu ABSTRACT Since the seminal work of J. March (1991), balancing exploration and exploitation activities

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

159

*Deborah E. Eason, Garrett Ito, John M. Sinton Insights into melt and chemical transport rates in the mantle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

*Deborah E. Eason, Garrett Ito, John M. Sinton Insights into melt and chemical transport rates Greenland Ice-Core Project (NGRIP) Members (2004) Nature Sinton, J., Grönvold, K., Sæmundsson, K. (2005) G3. These data supplement existing fini- and post-glacial data [Sinton et al., 2005] to form a detailed eruptive

Geist, Dennis

160

Construction of an Enterococcus faecalis Tn917-Mediated-Gene-Disruption Library Offers Insight into Tn917 Insertion Patterns  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...We estimate that the library of 540 mutants corresponds...made up of intergenic space, suggesting that there...Tn917-mediated-gene-disruption library offers insight into Tn917...whose sequence is in the public domain, over 10% of...faecalis genetics Gene Library Listeria monocytogenes...

Danielle A. Garsin; Jonathan Urbach; Jose C. Huguet-Tapia; Joseph E. Peters; Frederick M. Ausubel

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "insight inforum interindustry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

How do insect nuclear and mitochondrial gene substitution patterns differ? Insights from Bayesian analyses of combined datasets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3 June 2003 Abstract We analyzed 12 combined mitochondrial and nuclear gene datasets in seven orders systematists should increasingly focus on nuclear rather than mitochondrial gene datasets because nuclear genesHow do insect nuclear and mitochondrial gene substitution patterns differ? Insights from Bayesian

Danforth, Bryan Nicholas

162

Fluid-mobile element budgets in serpentinized oceanic lithospheric mantle: Insights from B, As, Li, Pb, PGEs and Os isotopes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fluid-mobile element budgets in serpentinized oceanic lithospheric mantle: Insights from B, As, Li Serpentinized oceanic lithosphere may be an important source for boron and other fluid-mobile elements to dictate serpentinization along deep faults and fractures. To address how fluid- mobile element enrichments

Lee, Cin-Ty Aeolus

163

Insight into the Molecular Arrangement of High-Density Polyethylene Polymer Chains in Blends of Polystyrene/High-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Insight into the Molecular Arrangement of High-Density Polyethylene Polymer Chains in Blends of Polystyrene/High- Density Polyethylene from Differential Scanning Calorimetry and Raman Techniques JAYANT/high-density polyethylene (PS/HDPE) blends were synthe- sized by melt blending in a single screw extruder. Co

164

Femtosecond PumpPushProbe and PumpDumpProbe Spectroscopy of Conjugated Polymers: New Insight and Opportunities  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Femtosecond PumpPushProbe and PumpDumpProbe Spectroscopy of Conjugated Polymers: New Insight and Opportunities ... In 2014, Tapping and Kee reported charge carrier generation by optical pumping of poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) singlet excitons. ... PBDTTPD is sol. in CHCl3, and in o-dichlorobenzene upon heating, and shows a broad absorption in the visible region. ...

Tak W. Kee

2014-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

165

Controls on the genesis of hydrothermal cobalt mineralization: insights from the mineralogy and geochemistry of the Bou Azzer deposits, Morocco  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Controls on the genesis of hydrothermal cobalt mineralization: insights from the mineralogy,Ni,Fe) arsenides and sulpharsenides, with accessory sulphides and gold in a quartz-carbonate gangue. The ore-Ni-Fe, avec des quantités mineures de sulphures et de l'or dans une gangue de quartz- carbonate. Les minerais

166

The Behaviour of Base Metals in Arc-Type Magmatic-Hydrothermal Systems Insights from Merapi Volcano,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

zone stratovolcanoes provide important windows on the magmatic-hydrothermal processes at playThe Behaviour of Base Metals in Arc-Type Magmatic- Hydrothermal Systems ­ Insights from Merapi systems include a shallow magmatic reservoir (the porphyry stock), an overlying hydrothermal cell, its

Barnes, Sarah-Jane

167

Explosive basaltic volcanism of the Chikurachki Volcano (Kurile arc, Russia): Insights on pre-eruptive magmatic conditions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Explosive basaltic volcanism of the Chikurachki Volcano (Kurile arc, Russia): Insights on pre-Sakhalinsk, Russia d Institute of Volcanic Geology and Geochemistry, 683006 Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, Russia e Vernadsky Institute of Geochemistry and Analytical Chemistry, 117975 Moscow, Russia Received 13 December

Belousov, Alexander

168

Abstract-Some insight as to the application of modern electric drive expertise to micro-scale electric machines is given.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract- Some insight as to the application of modern electric drive expertise to micro-scale electric machines is given. The discussion is supported by a summary of current micromotor technology) that considerable insight from drives experts can be offered in either case. I. INTRODUCTION Some 100 years

Chapman, Patrick

169

New insight into the Solar System's transition disk phase provided by the unusual meteorite Isheyevo  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Many aspects of planet formation are controlled by the amount of gas remaining in the natal protoplanetary disk (PPDs). Infrared observations show that PPDs undergo a transition stage at several Myr, during which gas densities are reduced. Our Solar System would have experienced such a stage. However, there is currently no data that provides insight into this crucial time in our PPD's evolution. We show that the Isheyevo meteorite contains the first definitive evidence for a transition disk stage in our Solar System. Isheyevo belongs to a class of metal-rich meteorites whose components have been dated at almost 5 Myr after the first solids in the Solar System, and exhibits unique sedimentary layers that imply formation through gentle sedimentation. We show that such layering can occur via gentle sweep-up of material found in the impact plume resulting from the collision of two planetesimals. Such sweep-up requires gas densities consistent with observed transition disks. As such, Isheyevo presents the first ev...

Morris, Melissa A; Knauth, L Paul

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Dependence of gas shale fracture permeability on effective stress and reservoir pressure: Model match and insights  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Although permeability data for different gas shales have been reported previously and attempts have been made to match permeability with empirical correlations, theoretical studies of shale permeability modelling are lacking. In this work, the correlation between fracture permeability and effective stress is established for gas shales through theoretical derivation. This model is able to match the permeability data for different gas shales. The matching results for the gas shale studied show that the model coefficient, fracture compressibility, which decreases as initial shale permeability increases, is strongly affected by the flow directions and varies with the shales mineralogical composition. Furthermore, the correlation between fracture permeability and reservoir pressure has also been established. Sensitivity study shows that fracture permeability may decrease significantly with the reservoir pressure drawdown. Moreover, the horizontal fracture permeability drop is found to be significantly affected by the Youngs modulus anisotropic ratio (Eh/Ev). The insights gained warrant further theoretical and experimental studies to evaluate shale fracture permeability.

Dong Chen; Zhejun Pan; Zhihui Ye

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Section 1603 Treasury Grant Expiration: Industry Insight on Financing and Market Implications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the wake of the 2008-2009 financial crises, tax equity investors largely withdrew from the market, resulting in stagnation of project development. In response, Congress established the Treasury grant program pursuant to Section 1603 of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (..Section..1603 Program) to offer a cash payment in lieu of a production and investment tax credit. This study addresses the likely project financing and market impacts from the expiration of the ..Section..1603 Program. The authors assembled an array of insights offered by financial executives active in the renewable energy (RE) market during conference panel discussions and in presentations, direct interviews, and email correspondences. This analysis found that the ..Section..1603 Program alleviated the need to monetize the tax credit incentives through specialized investors, helped lower the transaction and financing costs associated with renewable electricity projects, and generally supported an extensive build-out of renewable power generation capacity. With the expiration of the ..Section..1603 Program, smaller or less-established renewable power developers will have more difficulty attracting needed financial capital and completing their projects, development of projects relying on newer or 'innovative' technologies will likely slow as traditional tax equity investors are known to be highly averse to technology risk in the projects they fund, and, finally, projects relying on tax equity may be more expensive to develop due to higher transaction costs and potentially higher yields required to attract tax equity.

Mendelsohn, M.; Harper, J.

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Insights From Laboratory Experiments On Simulated Faults With Application To Fracture Evolution In Geothermal Systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Laboratory experiments provide a wealth of information related to mechanics of fracture initiation, fracture propagation processes, factors influencing fault strength, and spatio-temporal evolution of fracture properties. Much of the existing literature reports on laboratory studies involving a coupling of thermal, hydraulic, mechanical, and/or chemical processes. As these processes operate within subsurface environments exploited for their energy resource, laboratory results provide insights into factors influencing the mechanical and hydraulic properties of geothermal systems. I report on laboratory observations of strength and fluid transport properties during deformation of simulated faults. The results show systematic trends that vary with stress state, deformation rate, thermal conditions, fluid content, and rock composition. When related to geophysical and geologic measurements obtained from engineered geothermal systems (e.g. microseismicity, wellbore studies, tracer analysis), laboratory results provide a means by which the evolving thermal reservoir can be interpreted in terms of physico-chemical processes. For example, estimates of energy release and microearthquake locations from seismic moment tensor analysis can be related to strength variations observed from friction experiments. Such correlations between laboratory and field data allow for better interpretations about the evolving mechanical and fluid transport properties in the geothermal reservoir ultimately leading to improvements in managing the resource.

Stephen L. Karner, Ph.D

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Hyper-dry conditions provide new insights into the cause of extreme floods after wildfire  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A catastrophic wildfire in the foothills of the Rocky Mountains near Boulder, Colorado provided a unique opportunity to investigate soil conditions immediately after a wildfire and before alteration by rainfall. Measurements of near-surface (wildfire began. These measurements established that hyper-dry conditions (?~3נ105cm) existed and provided an in-situ retention curve for these conditions. These conditions exacerbate the effects of water repellency (natural and fire-induced) and limit the effectiveness of capillarity and gravity driven infiltration into fire-affected soils. The important consequence is that given hyper-dry conditions, the critical rewetting process before the first rain is restricted to the diffusionadsorption of water-vapor. This process typically has a time scale of days to weeks (especially when the hydrologic effects of the ash layer are included) that is longer than the typical time scale (minutes to hours) of some rainstorms, such that under hyper-dry conditions essentially no rain infiltrates. The existence of hyper-dry conditions provides insight into why, frequently during the first rain storm after a wildfire, nearly all rainfall becomes runoff causing extreme floods and debris flows.

John A. Moody; Brian A. Ebel

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Computational insights of water droplet transport on graphene sheet with chemical density  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Surface gradient has been emerging as an intriguing technique for nanoscale particle manipulation and transportation. Owing to its outstanding and stable chemical properties, graphene with covalently bonded chemical groups represents extraordinary potential for the investigation of nanoscale transport in the area of physics and biology. Here, we employ molecular dynamics simulations to investigate the fundamental mechanism of utilizing a chemical density on a graphene sheet to control water droplet motions on it. Simulation results have demonstrated that the binding energy difference among distinct segment of graphene in terms of interaction between the covalently bonded oxygen atoms on graphene and the water molecules provides a fundamental driving force to transport the water droplet across the graphene sheet. Also, the velocity of the water droplet has showed a strong dependence on the relative concentration of oxygen atoms between successive segments. Furthermore, a multi-direction channel provides insights to guide the transportation of objects towards a targeted position, separating the mixtures with a system of specific chemical functionalization. Our findings shed illuminating lights on the surface gradient method and therefore provide a feasible way to control nanoscale motion on the surface and mimic the channelless microfluidics.

Zhang, Liuyang; Wang, Xianqiao, E-mail: xqwang@uga.edu [College of Engineering and NanoSEC, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602 (United States)

2014-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

175

Chapter Four - Insights from the Soybean (Glycine max and Glycine soja) Genome: Past, Present, and Future  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The complete assembly of the soybean genome sequence was a paradigm-shifting event for legume genomicists and offered a promising new resource for breeders and geneticists. Subsequent and ongoing resequencing of additional soybean accessions and wild relatives is building a comprehensive infrastructure for understanding soybean gene content and germplasm diversity. In this chapter, we first revisit the major events in soybean genomics that preceded and led to the soybean-sequencing project. Next, we delve into the important and unique features of the soybean genome that have been revealed through recent sequencing and resequencing efforts. We highlight the immediate impacts of the genome sequence, including the integration of the soybean genetic and physical maps and how the genome sequence has accelerated gene cloning. Last, we address ongoing and new projects that are leveraging the genome sequence to address previously inaccessible questions, and providing new genetic resources. The purpose of this chapter is to give an insight into the ways that the soybean genome has enabled the research community to address standing issues in both fundamental and applied areas.

Robert M. Stupar; James E. Specht

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Hybrid Electric Vehicle End-of-life Testing on Honda Insights, Honda Gen I Civics, and Toyota Gen I Priuses  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

262 262 U.S. Department of Energy FreedomCAR & Vehicle Technologies Program Hybrid Electric Vehicle End-of-Life Testing On Honda Insights, Honda Gen I Civics and Toyota Gen I Priuses TECHNICAL REPORT James Francfort Donald Karner Ryan Harkins Joseph Tardiolo February 2006 Idaho National Laboratory Operated by Battelle Energy Alliance INL/EXT-06-01262 U.S. Department of Energy FreedomCAR & Vehicle Technologies Program Hybrid Electric Vehicle End-of-Life Testing On Honda Insights, Honda Gen I Civics and Toyota Gen I Priuses James Francfort i Donald Karner and Ryan Harkins ii Joseph Tardiolo iii February 2006 Idaho National Laboratory Transportation Technology Department Idaho Falls, Idaho 83415 Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy

177

Self-Assembled Multi-Component Catenanes: Structural Insights into an Adaptable Class of Molecular Receptors and [2]-Catenanes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Self-Assembled Multi-Component Catenanes: Structural Insights into an Adaptable Class of Molecular Receptors and [2]-Catenanes ... The self-assembly of complex structures from simple building blocks is a general principle that can lead to significant gains in structure and function. ... The family of catenanes can be described as flower-like with a compact core where the aryl of the arylglycine is pinched between two loops of the saddle-shaped tetrameric ring (Figure 1). ...

Mee-Kyung Chung; Peter S. White; Stephen J. Lee; Marcey L. Waters; Michel R. Gagn

2012-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

178

Crystal Structures of the Tetratricopeptide Repeat Domains of Kinesin Light Chains: Insight into Cargo Recognition Mechanisms  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Kinesin-1 transports various cargos along the axon by interacting with the cargos through its light chain subunit. Kinesin light chains (KLC) utilize its tetratricopeptide repeat (TPR) domain to interact with over 10 different cargos. Despite a high sequence identity between their TPR domains (87%), KLC1 and KLC2 isoforms exhibit differential binding properties towards some cargos. We determined the structures of human KLC1 and KLC2 tetratricopeptide repeat (TPR) domains using X-ray crystallography and investigated the different mechanisms by which KLCs interact with their cargos. Using isothermal titration calorimetry, we attributed the specific interaction between KLC1 and JNK-interacting protein 1 (JIP1) cargo to residue N343 in the fourth TRP repeat. Structurally, the N343 residue is adjacent to other asparagines and lysines, creating a positively charged polar patch within the groove of the TPR domain. Whereas, KLC2 with the corresponding residue S328 did not interact with JIP1. Based on these finding, we propose that N343 of KLC1 can form 'a carboxylate clamp' with its neighboring asparagine to interact with JIP1, similar to that of HSP70/HSP90 organizing protein-1's (HOP1) interaction with heat shock proteins. For the binding of cargos shared by KLC1 and KLC2, we propose a different site located within the groove but not involving N343. We further propose a third binding site on KLC1 which involves a stretch of polar residues along the inter-TPR loops that may form a network of hydrogen bonds to JIP3 and JIP4. Together, these results provide structural insights into possible mechanisms of interaction between KLC TPR domains and various cargo proteins.

Zhu, Haizhong; Lee, Han Youl; Tong, Yufeng; Hong, Bum-Soo; Kim, Kyung-Phil; Shen, Yang; Lim, Kyung Jik; Mackenzie, Farrell; Tempel, Wolfram; Park, Hee-Won (SGC-Toronto); (PPCS); (Toronto)

2012-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

179

Perlecan Domain V Induces VEGF Secretion in Brain Endothelial Cells Through ?5?1 Integrin Dependent Mechanism a Novel Insight in Brain Tissue Recovery Following Ischemia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PERLECAN DOMAIN V INDUCES VEGF SECRETION IN BRAIN ENDOTHELIAL CELLS THROUGH ?5?1 INTEGRIN DEPENDENT MECHANISM A NOVEL INSIGHT IN BRAIN TISSUE RECOVERY FOLLOWING ISCHEMIA A Dissertation by DOUGLAS NELSON CLARKE Submitted... ENDOTHELIAL CELLS THROUGH ?5?1 INTEGRIN DEPENDENT MECHANISM A NOVEL INSIGHT IN BRAIN TISSUE RECOVERY FOLLOWING ISCHEMIA A Dissertation by DOUGLAS NELSON CLARKE Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial...

Clarke, Douglas Nelson

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

180

Efficient and Reliable Reactive Power Supply and Consumption … Insights from an Integrated Program of Engineering and Economic Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

82 82 Efficient and Reliable Reactive Power Supply and Consumption - Insights from an Integrated Program of Engineering and Economic Research Robert J. Thomas, Timothy D. Mount, Richard Schuler, William Schulze, Ray Zimmerman, Fernando Alvarado, Bernard C. Lesieutre, Philip N. Overholt, and Joseph H. Eto Preprint version of paper Electricity Journal Energy Analysis Department Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory 1 Cyclotron Road, MS 90R4000 Berkeley CA 94720-8136 Environmental Energy Technologies Division January 2008 http://eetd.lbl.gov/ea/EMS/EMS_pubs.html The work described in this report was coordinated by the Consortium for Electric Reliability, Technology Solutions and was funded under the Office of Electricity

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "insight inforum interindustry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

More insights into band gap graded a-SiGe:H solar cells by experimental and simulated data  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An experimental and numerical study of a-SiGe:H based solar cells with band gap graded i-layer in the shape of a V is presented. The variation of the location of the band gap minimum has strong influence on the solar cell performance. Comparisons of experimental and simulated data of the dark IV-behavior, IV-curves under illumination and the quantum efficiency allow insights into the transport and recombination behavior within the solar cell. The simulations reveal that the position as well as the charge state of the defects determine the device characteristics.

Zimmer, J.; Stiebig, H.; Foelsch, J.; Finger, F.; Eickhoff, T.; Wagner, H.

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

A Critical Examination of the Adaptive Response for Cytogenetic Damagein Human Cells, and Insights into the Adaptive Response Mechanism  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Critical Examination of the Adaptive Response for Cytogenetic Damage Critical Examination of the Adaptive Response for Cytogenetic Damage in Human Cells, and Insights into the Adaptive Response Mechanism Björn E. Rydberg, Torsten Groesser, Antoine Snijders, Kelly Trego, Ju Han, Do Yup Lee, Bahram Parvin, Trent Northen, Andrew J. Wyrobek, and Priscilla K. Cooper Berkeley Lab SFA P.I.: Gary Karpen Life Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720 Goal: Task 1 of the Berkeley Lab SFA is designed to identify adaptive response (AR) mechanisms that may affect risk of developing radiation-induced cancer and to assess the linearity with dose of processes that influence mammary gland carcinogenesis. We use both in vitro and in vivo experimental systems in a parallelogram strategy. Our human cell culture

183

The synthesis and origin of the pectic polysaccharide rhamnogalacturonan II … insights from nucleotide sugar formation and diversity  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ARTICLE ARTICLE published: 11 May 2012 doi: 10.3389/fpls.2012.00092 The synthesis and origin of the pectic polysaccharide rhamnogalacturonan II - insights from nucleotide sugar formation and diversity Maor Bar-Peled 1 *, Breeanna R. Urbanowicz 2 and Malcolm A. O'Neill 2 1 Department of Plant Biology, Complex Carbohydrate Research, The University of Georgia, Athens, GA, USA 2 Complex Carbohydrate Research Center, The University of Georgia, Athens, GA, USA Edited by: Seth DeBolt, University of Kentucky, USA Reviewed by: Henrik Scheller, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, USA Jesper Harholt, University of Copenhagen, Denmark *Correspondence: Maor Bar-Peled , Department of Plant Biology, Complex Carbohydrate Research Center, University of Georgia, 315 Riverbend Road, Athens, GA 30602, USA. e-mail: peled@ccrc.uga.edu There is compelling evidence showing that the structurally

184

General Insights into Structural Evolution of Layered Double Hydroxide: Underlying Aspects in Topochemical Transformation from Brucite to Layered Double Hydroxide  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

General Insights into Structural Evolution of Layered Double Hydroxide: Underlying Aspects in Topochemical Transformation from Brucite to Layered Double Hydroxide ... The topochemical transformation from transition-metal brucite hydroxide (Co1-xFex(OH)2, Co(OH)2, Co1-xNix(OH)2) to corresponding (Co2+(Co3+)Fe3+, Co2+(Ni2+)Co3+) LDH under oxidizing halogen agents (iodine, bromine) exhibits different staging phenomena depending on the metallic composition/ratio in starting brucite. ... A plausible charge hopping mechanism based on valence interchange between redoxable charge center (Fe3+/Co3+) and neighboring divalent sites in the host sheet is proposed to understand the restoration of electron donor sites at the interface between brucite crystallites and halogen agents, which ensures a continual oxidative reaction, and a staged intercalation/diffusion of in situ reduced halide anions into the interlayer gallery commensurate with the host charge propagation. ...

Renzhi Ma; Jianbo Liang; Xiaohe Liu; Takayoshi Sasaki

2012-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

185

Consumer purchasing behaviour towards fish and seafood products: patterns and insights from a sample of international studies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The present systematic review was performed to assess consumer purchasing behaviour towards fish and seafood products in the wide context of developed countries. Web of Science, Scopus, ScienceDirect and Google Scholar engines were used to search the existing literature and a total of 49 studies were identified for inclusion. These studies investigated consumer purchasing behaviour towards a variety of fish and seafood products, in different countries and by means different methodological approaches. In particular, the review identifies and discusses the main drivers and barriers of fish consumption as well as consumers' preferences about the most relevant attributes of fish and seafood products providing useful insights for both practitioners and policy makers. Finally, main gaps of the existing literature and possible trajectories for future research are also discussed.

Domenico Carlucci; Giuseppe Nocella; Biagia De Devitiis; Rosaria Viscecchia; Francesco Bimbo; Gianluca Nardone

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

PermianTriassic amalgamation of Asia: Insights from Northeast China sutures and their place in the final collision of North China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Permian­Triassic amalgamation of Asia: Insights from Northeast China sutures and their place in the final collision of North China and Siberia L'amalgamation permo-triasique de l'Asie : données nouvelles Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029, China b UMR 6113, institut des sciences de la Terre d

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

187

Insights into the issues facing pharmaceutical companies for information provision: a report on the P-D-R special meeting, La Grande Motte, 28-29  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the pharmaceutical industry. The pharmaceutical industry is the only corporate sector with a long and profitable1 Insights into the issues facing pharmaceutical companies for information provision: a report: The article reports on the use of primary information in pharmaceutical companies, on global services arising

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

188

Insights from the Nogales Predator Crash for the Integration of UAV's into the US National Airspace System under FAA Interim Operational Approval Guidance 08-01  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Insights from the Nogales Predator Crash for the Integration of UAV's into the US National Airspace Traffic Management. Abstract In April 2006, an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) crashed near Nogales, Arizona whether a process that enables the same agency to act as regulator and operator of a UAV can be justified

Johnson, Chris

189

"In terms of the long-term outlook for biomass and biofuels, the largest proportion of Business Insights industry survey respondents  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

"In terms of the long-term outlook for biomass and biofuels, the largest proportion of Business Insights industry survey respondents (47%) thought that biofuels would account for 5-10% of total global fuel production by 2017. A further 25% of respondents thought that biofuels would account for 2

190

New Insight on a Vertically Aligned Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube Film and an Application to All-Fiber Passive Mode-Locker  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

New Insight on a Vertically Aligned Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube Film and an Application to All-Fiber is gained on the structure of the vertically aligned single-wall carbon nanotubes (VA-SWNTs) [1-3] generated attractions including wide operating bandwidth ranging from 1 to 2 m, ultra-short recovery time (~500 fs

Maruyama, Shigeo

191

PII S0016-7037(02)01117-1 Diopside-bearing EL6 EET 90102: Insights from rare earth element distributions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PII S0016-7037(02)01117-1 Diopside-bearing EL6 EET 90102: Insights from rare earth element a study of the rare earth element (REE) distributions in EET 90102, with a specific emphasis on diopside or rare in other terrestrial or extra- terrestrial rocks. Typically, lithophile elements form sulfide

192

7/21/11 3:22 PM New insights into the outlet conditions of Late Pleistocene Lake Bonneville, southeastern1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.923 #12;2 ka. An abandoned, meandering riverbed, north of the lower Provo sill, records a large northward7/21/11 3:22 PM 1 New insights into the outlet conditions of Late Pleistocene Lake Bonneville, southeastern1 Idaho, USA.2 Susanne U. Janecke1 and Robert Q. Oaks, Jr1 3 1 Department of Geology4 4505 Old Main

Janecke, Susanne

193

New insights for estimating the genetic value of F1 apple progenies for irregular bearing1 during first years of tree production2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 New insights for estimating the genetic value of F1 apple progenies for irregular bearing1 during title: Early quantification of alternation in flowering for F1 apple progenies18 Submitted: 02 agronomic issues in1 fruit-tree species, particularly in apple, the selection of regular cultivars

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

194

Eusociality in African mole-rats: new insights from patterns of genetic relatedness in the Damaraland mole-rat (Cryptomys damarensis)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...research-article Eusociality in African mole-rats: new insights from patterns of genetic relatedness in the Damaraland mole-rat (Cryptomys damarensis) Tamsin M. Burland...discovery of eusociality in the naked mole-rat, it was proposed that inbreeding and high...

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Hybrid Electric Vehicle End-Of-Life Testing On Honda Insights, Gen I Civics And Toyota Gen I Priuses  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This technical report details the end-of-life fuel efficiency and battery testing on two model year 2001 Honda Insight hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), two model year 2003 Honda Civic HEVs, and two model year 2002 Toyota Prius HEVs. The end-of-life testing was conducted after each vehicle has been operated for approximately 160,000 miles. This testing was conducted by the U.S. Department of Energys (DOE) Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA). The AVTA is part of DOEs FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies Program. SAE J1634 fuel efficiency testing was performed on the six HEVs with the air conditioning (AC) on and off. The AC on and off test results are compared to new vehicle AC on and off fuel efficiencies for each HEV model. The six HEVs were all end-of-life tested using new-vehicle coast down coefficients. In addition, one of each HEV model was also subjected to fuel efficiency testing using coast down coefficients obtained when the vehicles completed 160,000 miles of fleet testing. Traction battery pack capacity and power tests were also performed on all six HEVs during the end-of-life testing in accordance with the FreedomCAR Battery Test Manual For Power-Assist Hybrid Electric Vehicles procedures. When using the new-vehicle coast down coefficients (Phase I testing), 11 of 12 HEV tests (each HEV was tested once with the AC on and once with the AC off) had increases in fuel efficiencies compared to the new vehicle test results. The end-of-life fuel efficiency tests using the end-of-life coast down coefficients (Phase II testing) show decreases in fuel economies in five of six tests (three with the AC on and three with it off). All six HEVs experienced decreases in battery capacities, with the two Insights having the highest remaining capacities and the two Priuses having the lowest remaining capacities. The AVTAs end-of-life testing activities discussed in this report were conducted by the Idaho National Laboratory; the AVTA testing partner Electric Transportation Applications, and by Exponent Failure Analysis Associates.

James Francfort; Donald Karner; Ryan Harkins; Joseph Tardiolo

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Insights into archaeal evolution and symbiosis from the genomes of a Nanoarchaeon and its crenarchaeal host from Yellowstone National Park  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A hyperthemophilic member of the Nanoarchaeota from Obsidian Pool, a thermal feature in Yellowstone National Park was characterized using single cell isolation and sequencing, together with its putative host, a Sulfolobales archaeon. This first representative of a non-marine Nanoarchaeota (Nst1) resembles Nanoarchaeum equitans by lacking most biosynthetic capabilities, the two forming a deep-branching archaeal lineage. However, the Nst1 genome is over 20% larger, encodes a complete gluconeogenesis pathway and a full complement of archaeal flagellum proteins. Comparison of the two genomes suggests that the marine and terrestrial Nanoarchaeota lineages share a common ancestor that was already a symbiont of another archaeon. With a larger genome, a smaller repertoire of split protein encoding genes and no split non-contiguous tRNAs, Nst1 appears to have experienced less severe genome reduction than N. equitans. The inferred host of Nst1 is potentially autotrophic, with a streamlined genome and simplified central and energetic metabolism as compared to other Sulfolobales. The two distinct Nanoarchaeota-host genomic data sets offer insights into the evolution of archaeal symbiosis and parasitism and will further enable studies of the cellular and molecular mechanisms of these relationships.

Podar, Mircea [ORNL] [ORNL; Graham, David E [ORNL] [ORNL; Reysenbach, Anna-Louise [Portland State University] [Portland State University; Koonin, Eugene [National Center for Biotechnology Information] [National Center for Biotechnology Information; Wolf, Yuri [National Center for Biotechnology Information] [National Center for Biotechnology Information; Makarova, Kira S. [National Center for Biotechnology Information] [National Center for Biotechnology Information

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Insight into the Properties of the UK Power Consumption Using a Linear Regression and Wavelet Transform Approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, the relationship between the Gross Domestic Product (GDP), air temperature variations and power consumption is evaluated using the linear regression and Wavelet Coherence (WTC) approach on a 1971-2011 time series for the United Kingdom (UK). The results based on the linear regression approach indicate that some 66% variability of the UK electricity demand can be explained by the quarterly GDP variations, while only 11% of the quarterly changes of the UK electricity demand are caused by seasonal air temperature variations. WTC however, can detect the period of time when GDP and air temperature significantly correlate with electricity demand and the results of the wavelet correlation at different time scales indicate that a significant correlation is to be found on a long-term basis for GDP and on an annual basis for seasonal air-temperature variations. This approach provides an insight into the properties of the impact of the main factors on power consumption on the basis of which the power syst...

Avdakovic, Samir; Nuhanovic, Amir

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Insights into Hsp70 Chaperone Activity from a Crystal Structure of the Yeast Hsp110 Sse1  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Classic Hsp70 chaperones assist in diverse processes of protein folding and translocation, and Hsp110s had seemed by sequence to be distant relatives within an Hsp70 superfamily. The 2.4 Angstroms resolution structure of Sse1 with ATP shows that Hsp110s are indeed Hsp70 relatives, and it provides insight into allosteric coupling between sites for ATP and polypeptide-substrate binding in Hsp70s. Subdomain structures are similar in intact Sse1(ATP) and in the separate Hsp70 domains, but conformational dispositions are radically different. Interfaces between Sse1 domains are extensive, intimate, and conservative in sequence with Hsp70s. We propose that Sse1(ATP) may be an evolutionary vestige of the Hsp70(ATP) state, and an analysis of 64 mutant variants in Sse1 and three Hsp70 homologs supports this hypothesis. An atomic-level understanding of Hsp70 communication between ATP and substrate-binding domains follows. Requirements on Sse1 for yeast viability are in keeping with the distinct function of Hsp110s as nucleotide exchange factors.

Liu,Q.; Hendrickson, W.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Aerosol retention during SGTR meltdown sequences: Experimental insights of the effect of size and shape of the breach  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper summarizes the major insights gained from aerosol retention capability of a tube bundle that simulates the break stage of the secondary side of a failed steam generator under dry SGTR conditions. This scenario is highly relevant in nuclear safety since it affects the potential retention of radioactive particles in case of meltdown sequences with a SGTR. An 8-test experimental campaign has been carried out, extending the current database on the decontamination capability of the steam generator. The effects of the breach features (shape and size) and the particle nature (SiO{sub 2} and TiO{sub 2}) on the collection efficiency have been explored. The results confirmed the strong effect of the physical nature even when tube breaks in a fish-mouth mode. Loose aggregates (i.e. TiO{sub 2}) would be trapped to a limited extent (less than 25%); while single- or few-aggregates (i.e. SiO{sub 2}) would undergo a quite effective removal (i.e. over 75%). For fish-mouth breaches and SiO{sub 2} particles, the breach size has been found to moderately affect retention efficiency. Furthermore, the breach shape does not seem to have any effect on the net collection efficiency within the break stage, no matter the particle type. However, individual tube measurements indicate notably different deposition patterns, although an effect of the facility geometry cannot be disregarded as a key player in this observation. (authors)

Herranz, L. E.; Tardaguila, R. D.; Lopez, C. [Unit of Nuclear Safety Research, CIEMAT, Avd. Complutense, 22, 28040 Madrid (Spain)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

DU145 human prostate cancer cells express functional Receptor Activator of NF-B: New insights in the prostate cancer bone metastasis process.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 DU145 human prostate cancer cells express functional Receptor Activator of NF-B: New insights in the prostate cancer bone metastasis process. Mori K.1, 2, * , Le Goff B. 1, 2 , Charrier C. 1, 2 , Battaglia S;40(4):981-90" DOI : 10.1016/j.bone.2006.11.006 #12;2 Abstract Prostate cancer metastases to bone are observed

Boyer, Edmond

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201

How do insect nuclear and mitochondrial gene substitution patterns differ? Insights from Bayesian analyses of combined datasets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We analyzed 12 combined mitochondrial and nuclear gene datasets in seven orders of insects using both equal weights parsimony (to evaluate phylogenetic utility) and Bayesian methods (to investigate substitution patterns). For the Bayesian analyses we used relatively complex models (e.g., general time reversible models with rate variation) that allowed us to quantitatively compare relative rates among genes and codon positions, patterns of rate variation among genes, and substitution patterns within genes. Our analyses indicate that nuclear and mitochondrial genes differ in a number of important ways, some of which are correlated with phylogenetic utility. First and most obviously, nuclear genes generally evolve more slowly than mitochondrial genes (except in one case), making them better markers for deep divergences. Second, nuclear genes showed universally high values of CI and (generally) contribute more to overall tree resolution than mitochondrial genes (as measured by partitioned Bremer support). Third, nuclear genes show more homogeneous patterns of among-site rate variation (higher values of ? than mitochondrial genes). Finally, nuclear genes show more symmetrical transformation rate matrices than mitochondrial genes. The combination of low values of ? and highly asymmetrical transformation rate matrices may explain the overall poor performance of mitochondrial genes when compared to nuclear genes in the same analysis. Our analyses indicate that some parameters are highly correlated. For example, A/T bias was positively and significantly associated with relative rate and CI was positively and significantly associated with ? (the shape of the gamma distribution). These results provide important insights into the substitution patterns that might characterized high quality genes for phylogenetic analysis: high values of ?, unbiased base composition, and symmetrical transformation rate matrices. We argue that insect molecular systematists should increasingly focus on nuclear rather than mitochondrial gene datasets because nuclear genes do not suffer from the same substitutional biases that characterize mitochondrial genes.

Chung-Ping Lin; Bryan N Danforth

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Looking Outside for Insights  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

% 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% LM Sep '06 LM Sep '07 Improving Worsening Remaining the same 18% 14% 45% 58% 37% 28% 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% LM Sep '06 LM Sep '07 Improving Worsening Remaining the same Getting the past year or two?" 7% 4% 44% 32% 49% 64% 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% LM Sep '06 LM Sep '07 A lot A little

203

Insights into Chemical Reactivity /  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modern Physical Organic Chemistry University Science Books:Modern Physical Organic Chemistry University Science Books:

Burke, Kathryn D.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Genomic Insights into Bifidobacteria  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Microbiol. 30: 381-389. 69 del Solar, G., R. Giraldo, M. J. Ruiz-Echevarria...animalis DN-173 010 on the health-related quality of life and symptoms in irritable bowel...and T. J. Gibson. 1994. ClustalW-improving the sensitivity of progressive multiple...

Ju-Hoon Lee; Daniel J. O'Sullivan

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Thermochemical Insight into the Reduction of CO to CH3OH with [Re(CO)]+ and [Mn(CO)]+ Complexes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To gain insight into thermodynamic barriers for reduction of CO into CH3OH, free energies for reduction of [CpRe(PPh3)(NO)(CO)]+ into CpRe(PPh3)(NO)(CH2OH) have been determined from experimental measurements. Using model complexes, the free energies for the transfer of H+, H, and e have been determined. A pKa of 10.6 was estimated for [CpRe(PPh3)(NO)(CHOH)]+ by measuring the pKa for the analogous [CpRe(PPh3)(NO)(CMeOH)]+. The hydride donor ability (?GH) of CpRe(PPh3)(NO)(CH2OH) was estimated to be 58.0 kcal mol1, based on calorimetry measurements of the hydride transfer reaction between CpRe(PPh3)(NO)(CHO) and [CpRe(PPh3)(NO)(CHOMe)]+ to generate the methylated analog, CpRe(PPh3)(NO)(CH2OMe). Cyclic voltammograms recorded on CpRe(PPh3)(NO)(CMeO), CpRe(PPh3)(NO)(CH2OMe), and [CpRe(PPh3)(NO)(CHOMe)]+ displayed either a quasireversible oxidation (neutral species) or reduction (cationic species). These potentials were used as estimates for the oxidation of CpRe(PPh3)(NO)(CHO) or CpRe(PPh3)(NO)(CH2OH), or the reduction of [CpRe(PPh3)(NO)(CHOH)]+. Combination of the thermodynamic data permits construction of three-dimensional free energy landscapes under varying conditions of pH and PH2. The free energy for H2 addition (?GH2) to [CpRe(PPh3)(NO)(CO)]+ (+15 kcal mol1) was identified as the most significant thermodynamic impediment for the reduction of CO. DFT computations indicate that ?GH2 varies by only 4.3 kcal mol1 across a series of [CpXRe(L)(NO)(CO)]+, while the experimental ?GH values for the analogous series of CpRe(PPh3)(NO)(CHO) varies by 12.9 kcal mol1. The small range of ?GH2 values is attributed to a minimal change in the CO bond polarization upon modification of the ancillary ligands, as determined from the computed atomic charges. This work was supported by the US Department of Energy, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Division of Chemical Sciences, Geosciences & Biosciences. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) is a multiprogram national laboratory operated for DOE by Battelle.

Wiedner, Eric S.; Appel, Aaron M.

2014-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

206

Insights into Stress Corrosion Cracking Mechanisms from High-Resolution Measurements of Crack-Tip Structures and Compositions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The fundamental basis for mechanistic understanding and modeling of SCC remains in question for many systems. Specific mechanisms controlling SCC can vary with changes in alloy characteristics, applied/residual stress or environmental conditions. The local crack electrochemistry, crack-tip mechanics and material metallurgy are the main factors controlling crack growth. These localized properties are difficult or impossible to measure in active cracks. Nevertheless, it is essential to quantitatively interrogate these crack-tip conditions if mechanistic understanding is to be obtained. A major recent advance has been the ability to investigate SCC cracks and crack tips using high-resolution ATEM techniques. ATEM enables the characterization of SCC cracks including trapped tip solution chemistries, corrosion product/film compositions and structures, and elemental composition gradients and defect microstructures along the crack walls and at the crack tip. A wide variety of methods for imaging and analyses at resolutions down to the atomic level can be used to examine the crack and corrosion film characteristics. Surface films and reaction layers have been examined by cross-sectional TEM techniques, but little work had been conducted on environmentally induced internal cracks until that of Lewis and co-workers [1-3] and the current authors [4-17]. This capability combined with modern ATEM techniques has enabled exciting new insights into corrosion processes occurring at buried interfaces and is being used to identify mechanisms controlling IGSCC in boiling water reactor (BWR) and pressurized water reactor (PWR) components. The objective of this paper is to summarize certain results focused on IGSCC of Fe- base and Ni-base stainless alloys in high-temperature water environments. Representative crack-tip examples will be shown to illustrate specific aspects that are characteristic of SCC in the material/environment combinations. Differences and similarities in crack-tip structures- chemistries will be highlighted comparing Fe-base 316/304SS to Ni-base alloy 600/182 and for tests in oxidizing versus hydrogenated water environments.

Bruemmer, Stephen M.; Thomas, Larry E.

2010-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

207

Insights into Montmorillonite Nanoclay Based ex Situ Nanocomposites from SEBS and Modified SEBS by Small-Angle X-ray Scattering and Modulated DSC Studies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Insights into Montmorillonite Nanoclay Based ex Situ Nanocomposites from SEBS and Modified SEBS by Small-Angle X-ray Scattering and Modulated DSC Studies ... (1-3) These polymer?clay nanocomposites possess superior properties to conventional microcomposites due to maximized interfacial adhesion and finely dispersed nanoclays distributed all through the polymer matrix. ... TEM image of AA6SEBS-MT4 nanocomposite (Figure 6l) indicates that MT nanoclays are dispersed well with lamellar microphase separated morphology which is regained on addition of the MT nanoclay. ...

Anirban Ganguly; Anil K. Bhowmick; Yongjin Li

2008-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

208

Building a foundation for structure-based cellulosome design for cellulosic ethanol: Insight into cohesin-dockerin complexation from computer simulation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Foundation for Structure-Based Cellulosome Design for Foundation for Structure-Based Cellulosome Design for Cellulosic Ethanol: Insight into Cohesin-Dockerin Complexation from Computer Simulation Jiancong Xu, 1,3 Michael Crowley, 2,3 and Jeremy C. Smith 1,3 1 Center for Molecular Biophysics, Building 6011, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, 37830, USA. 2 Chemical and Biosciences Center, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, 1617 Cole Blvd, Golden, CO, 80401-3393, USA 3 BioEnergy Science Center Corresponding author. Jiancong Xu, Building 6011, MS6309, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, 1 Bethel Valley Road, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37830, USA; E-mail: xuj1@ornl.gov; Phone: 865-241-9111; Fax: 865-576-7651. Running title. Computer simulation of cohesin-dockerin complexes. Manuscript pages: 29 Supplementary material pages: 4

209

Conversion for Avicel and AFEX pretreated corn stover by Clostridium thermocellum and simultaneous saccharification and fermentation: Insights into microbial conversion of pretreated cellulosic biomass  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

for for Avicel and AFEX pretreated corn stover by Clostridium thermocellum and simultaneous saccharification and fermentation: Insights into microbial conversion of pretreated cellulosic biomass Xiongjun Shao a , Mingjie Jin b,c , Anna Guseva a , Chaogang Liu d , Venkatesh Balan b,c , David Hogsett d , Bruce E. Dale b,c , Lee Lynd a,d,⇑ a Thayer School of Engineering at Dartmouth College, 8000 Cummings Hall, Hanover, NH 03755, USA b Biomass Conversion Research Laboratory (BCRL), Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, Michigan State University, MBI Building, 3900 Collins Road, Lansing, MI 48910, USA c Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center (GLBRC), Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA d Mascoma Corporation, 67 Etna Road, Suite 300, Lebanon, NH 03766, USA a r t i c l e i n f o Article history: Received 8 March 2011 Received in revised form 6 May 2011 Accepted

210

On EPR-type Entanglement in the Experiments of Scully et Al. II. Insight in the Real Random Delayed-choice Erasure Experiment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It was pointed out in the first part of this study that EPR-type entanglement is defined by the possibility of performing any of two mutually incompatible distant, i. e.,direct-interaction-free, measurements. They go together under the term 'EPR-type disentanglement'. In this second part, quantum-mechanical insight is gained in the real random delayed-choice erasure experiment of Kim et al. [Kim et al.: Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 1-5 (2000)] by a relative-reality-of- unitarily-evolving-state (RRUES) approach (explained in the first part). Finally, it is shown that this remarkable experiment, which performs, by random choice, two incompatible measurements at the same time, is actually an EPR-type disentanglement experiment, closely related to the micromaser experiment discussed in the first part.

Fedor Herbut

2008-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

211

Ertek, G., Tun, M.M., Kurtaraner, E., Kebude, D., 2012, 'Insights into the Efficiencies of On-Shore Wind Turbines: A Data-Centric Analysis', INISTA 2012 Conference. July 2-4, 2012, Trabzon,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-Shore Wind Turbines: A Data-Centric Analysis', INISTA 2012 Conference. July 2-4, 2012, Trabzon, Turkey://research.sabanciuniv.edu. Insights into the Efficiencies of On-Shore Wind Turbines: A Data-Centric Analysis Gürdal Ertek, Murat University Istanbul, Turkey Abstract--Literature on renewable energy alternative of wind turbines does

Yanikoglu, Berrin

212

Silver vanadium diphosphate Ag{sub 2}VP{sub 2}O{sub 8}: Electrochemistry and characterization of reduced material providing mechanistic insights  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Silver vanadium phosphorous oxides (Ag{sub w}V{sub x}P{sub y}O{sub z}) are notable battery cathode materials due to their high energy density and demonstrated ability to form in-situ Ag metal nanostructured electrically conductive networks within the cathode. While analogous silver vanadium diphosphate materials have been prepared, electrochemical evaluations of these diphosphate based materials have been limited. We report here the first electrochemical study of a silver vanadium diphosphate, Ag{sub 2}VP{sub 2}O{sub 8}, where the structural differences associated with phosphorous oxides versus diphosphates profoundly affect the associated electrochemistry. Reminiscent of Ag{sub 2}VO{sub 2}PO{sub 4} reduction, in-situ formation of silver metal nanoparticles was observed with reduction of Ag{sub 2}VP{sub 2}O{sub 8}. However, counter to Ag{sub 2}VO{sub 2}PO{sub 4} reduction, Ag{sub 2}VP{sub 2}O{sub 8} demonstrates a significant decrease in conductivity upon continued electrochemical reduction. Structural analysis contrasting the crystallography of the parent Ag{sub 2}VP{sub 2}O{sub 8} with that of the proposed Li{sub 2}VP{sub 2}O{sub 8} reduction product is employed to gain insight into the observed electrochemical reduction behavior, where the structural rigidity associated with the diphosphate anion may be associated with the observed particle fracturing upon deep electrochemical reduction. Further, the diphosphate anion structure may be associated with the high thermal stability of the partially reduced Ag{sub 2}VP{sub 2}O{sub 8} materials, which bodes well for enhanced safety of batteries incorporating this material. - Graphical abstract: Structure and galvanostatic intermittent titration-type test data for silver vanadium diphosphate, Ag{sub 2}VP{sub 2}O{sub 8}. Highlights: ? First electrochemical study of a silver vanadium diphosphate, Ag{sub 2}VP{sub 2}O{sub 8}. ? In-situ formation of Ag{sup 0} nanoparticles was observed upon electrochemical reduction. ? Structural analysis used to provide insight of the electrochemical behavior.

Takeuchi, Esther S., E-mail: esther.takeuchi@stonybrook.edu [Department Materials Science and Engineering, Stony Brook University (SUNY), Stony Brook, NY 11794 (United States); Global and Regional Solutions Directorate, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY 11973 (United States); Department of Chemistry, Stony Brook University (SUNY), Stony Brook, NY 11794 (United States); Lee, Chia-Ying; Cheng, Po-Jen [Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, University at Buffalo (SUNY), Buffalo, NY 14260 (United States); Menard, Melissa C. [Department Materials Science and Engineering, Stony Brook University (SUNY), Stony Brook, NY 11794 (United States); Marschilok, Amy C., E-mail: amy.marschilok@stonybrook.edu [Department Materials Science and Engineering, Stony Brook University (SUNY), Stony Brook, NY 11794 (United States); Department of Chemistry, Stony Brook University (SUNY), Stony Brook, NY 11794 (United States); Takeuchi, Kenneth J., E-mail: kenneth.takeuchi.1@stonybrook.edu [Department of Chemistry, Stony Brook University (SUNY), Stony Brook, NY 11794 (United States)

2013-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

213

Crystal Structure of Fatty Acid Amide Hydrolase Bound to the Carbamate Inhibitor URB597: Discovery of a Deacylating Water Molecule and Insight into Enzyme Inactivation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The endocannabinoid system regulates a wide range of physiological processes including pain, inflammation, and cognitive/emotional states. URB597 is one of the best characterized covalent inhibitors of the endocannabinoid-degrading enzyme fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH). Here, we report the structure of the FAAH-URB597 complex at 2.3 {angstrom} resolution. The structure provides insights into mechanistic details of enzyme inactivation and experimental evidence of a previously uncharacterized active site water molecule that likely is involved in substrate deacylation. This water molecule is part of an extensive hydrogen-bonding network and is coordinated indirectly to residues lining the cytosolic port of the enzyme. In order to corroborate our hypothesis concerning the role of this water molecule in FAAH's catalytic mechanism, we determined the structure of FAAH conjugated to a urea-based inhibitor, PF-3845, to a higher resolution (2.4 {angstrom}) than previously reported. The higher-resolution structure confirms the presence of the water molecule in a virtually identical location in the active site. Examination of the structures of serine hydrolases that are non-homologous to FAAH, such as elastase, trypsin, or chymotrypsin, shows a similarly positioned hydrolytic water molecule and suggests a functional convergence between the amidase signature enzymes and serine proteases.

Mileni, Mauro; Kamtekar, Satwik; Wood, David C.; Benson, Timothy E.; Cravatt, Benjamin F.; Stevens, Raymond C. (Scripps); (Pfizer)

2010-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

214

Structure, stability, and dissociation of small ionic silicon oxide clusters [SiO{sub n}{sup +}(n = 3, 4)]: Insight from density functional and topological exploration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The structures, energies, isomerization, and decomposition pathways of small ionic silicon oxide clusters, SiO{sub n}{sup +} (n = 3, 4), on doublet and quartet energy surfaces are investigated by density functional theory. New structural isomers of these ionic clusters have been obtained with this systematic study. The energy ordering of the isomeric cluster ions on doublet spin surface is found to follow the same general trend as that of the neutral ones, while it differs on the quartet surface. Our computational results reveal the energetically most preferred decomposition pathways of the ionic clusters on both spin surfaces. To comprehend the reaction mechanism, bonding evolution theory has also been employed using atoms in molecules formalism. The possible reasons behind the structural deformation of some isomers on quartet surface have also been addressed. Our results are expected to provide important insight into the decomposition mechanism and relative stability of the SiO{sub n}{sup +} clusters on both the energy surfaces.

Sen, Kaushik; Ghosh, Deepanwita; Pakhira, Srimanta; Banu, Tahamida; Das, Abhijit K., E-mail: spakd@iacs.res.in [Department of Spectroscopy, Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, Jadavpur, Kolkata 700032 (India)

2013-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

215

Inhibition of influenza A virus replication by influenza B virus nucleoprotein: An insight into interference between influenza A and B viruses  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Given that co-infection of cells with equivalent titers of influenza A and B viruses (FluA and FluB) has been shown to result in suppression of FluA growth, it is possible that FluB-specific proteins might hinder FluA polymerase activity and replication. We addressed this possibility by individually determining the effect of each gene of FluB on the FluA polymerase assay and found that the nucleoprotein of FluB (NP{sub FluB}) inhibits polymerase activity of FluA in a dose-dependent manner. Mutational analyses of NP{sub FluB} suggest that functional NP{sub FluB} is necessary for this inhibition. Slower growth of FluA was also observed in MDCK cells stably expressing NP{sub FluB}. Further analysis of NP{sub FluB} indicated that it does not affect nuclear import of NP{sub FluA}. Taken together, these findings suggest a novel role of NP{sub FluB} in inhibiting replication of FluA, providing more insights into the mechanism of interference between FluA and FluB and the lack of reassortants between them.

Wanitchang, Asawin; Narkpuk, Jaraspim; Jaru-ampornpan, Peera; Jengarn, Juggagarn [Virology and Cell Technology Laboratory, National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (BIOTEC), Pathumthani 12120 (Thailand)] [Virology and Cell Technology Laboratory, National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (BIOTEC), Pathumthani 12120 (Thailand); Jongkaewwattana, Anan, E-mail: anan.jon@biotec.or.th [Virology and Cell Technology Laboratory, National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (BIOTEC), Pathumthani 12120 (Thailand)] [Virology and Cell Technology Laboratory, National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (BIOTEC), Pathumthani 12120 (Thailand)

2012-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

216

New Insights to the Sawtooth Oscillation (m/n=1/1 mode) in Hot Plasmas based on High Resolution 2-D Images of Te Fluctuations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Two dimensional (2-D) images of electron temperature fluctuations with high temporal and spatial resolution have been employed to study the sawtooth oscillation (m/n=1/1 mode) in Toroidal EXperiment for Technology Oriented Research (TEXTOR) tokamak plasmas. 2-D imaging data revealed new physics which were not available in previous studies based on the 1-D electron temperature measurement and X-ray tomography. Review of the physics of the sawtooth oscillation is given by comparative studies with prominent theoretical models suggest that a new physics paradigm is needed to describe the reconnection physics of the sawtooth oscillation. The new insights are: A pressure driven instability (not a ballooning mode) leads to the X-point reconnection process. The reconnection process is identified as a random 3-D local reconnection process with a helical structure. The reconnection time scale is similar for different types of sawtooth oscillation ("kink" and tearing type) and is significantly faster than the resistive time scale. Heat flow from the core to the outside of the inversion radius during the reconnection process is highly collective rather than stochastic.

H.K. Park, N.C. Luhmann, Jr, A.J.H. Donn, C.W. Domier, T. Munsat, M.J. Van de Pol, and the TEXTOR Team

2007-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

217

Physical origins of weak H{sub 2} binding on carbon nanostructures: Insight from ab initio studies of chemically functionalized graphene nanoribbons  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have performed ab initio density functional theory calculations, incorporating London dispersion corrections, to study the absorption of molecular hydrogen on zigzag graphene nanoribbons whose edges have been functionalized by OH, NH{sub 2}, COOH, NO{sub 2}, or H{sub 2}PO{sub 3}. We find that hydrogen molecules always preferentially bind at or near the functionalized edge, and display induced dipole moments. Binding is generally enhanced by the presence of polar functional groups. The largest gains are observed for groups with oxygen lone pairs that can facilitate local charge reorganization, with the biggest single enhancement in adsorption energy found for strong functionalization by H{sub 2}PO{sub 3} (115 meV/H{sub 2} versus 52 meV/H{sub 2} on bare graphene). We show that for binding on the outer edge near the functional group, the presence of the group can introduce appreciable contributions from Debye interactions and higher-order multipole electrostatic terms, in addition to the dominant London dispersion interactions. For those functional groups that contain the OH moiety, the adsorption energy is linearly proportional to the number of lone pairs on oxygen atoms. Mixed functionalization with two different functional groups on a graphene edge can also have a synergistic effect, particularly when electron-donating and electron-withdrawing groups are combined. For binding on the inner edge somewhat farther from the functional group, most of the binding again arises from London interactions; however, there is also significant charge redistribution in the ? manifold, which directly reflects the electron donating or withdrawing capacity of the functional group. Our results offer insight into the specific origins of weak binding of gas molecules on graphene, and suggest that edge functionalization could perhaps be used in combination with other strategies to increase the uptake of hydrogen in graphene. They also have relevance for the storage of hydrogen in porous carbon materials, such as activated carbons.

Ulman, Kanchan; Bhaumik, Debarati [Theoretical Sciences Unit, Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Jakkur, Bangalore 560064 (India)] [Theoretical Sciences Unit, Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Jakkur, Bangalore 560064 (India); Wood, Brandon C. [Quantum Simulations Group, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, 7000 East Ave, Livermore, California 94550 (United States)] [Quantum Simulations Group, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, 7000 East Ave, Livermore, California 94550 (United States); Narasimhan, Shobhana [Theoretical Sciences Unit, Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Jakkur, Bangalore 560064 (India) [Theoretical Sciences Unit, Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Jakkur, Bangalore 560064 (India); Sheikh Saqr Laboratory, ICMS, Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Bangalore 560064 (India)

2014-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

218

Atomic Level Green-Kubo Stress Correlation Function for a Model Crystal: An Insight into Molecular Dynamics Results on a Model Liquid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In order to get insight into the connection between the vibrational dynamics and the atomic level Green-Kubo stress correlation function in liquids we consider this connection in a model crystal instead. Of course, vibrational dynamics in liquids and crystals are quite different and it is not expected that the results obtained on a model crystal should be valid for liquids. However, these considerations provide a benchmark to which the results of the previous molecular dynamics simulations can be compared. Thus, assuming that vibrations are plane waves, we derive analytical expressions for the atomic level stress correlation functions in the classical limit and analyze them. These results provide, in particular, a recipe for analysis of the atomic level stress correlation functions in Fourier space and extraction of the wavevector and frequency dependent information. We also evaluate the energies of the atomic level stresses. Obtained energies are significantly smaller than the energies that were obtained in MD simulations of liquids previously. This result suggests that the average energies of the atomic level stresses in liquids and glasses are largely determined by the structural disorder. We discuss this result in the context of equipartition of the atomic level stress energies. Analysis of the previously published data suggests that it is possible to speak about configurational and vibrational contributions to the average energies of the atomic level stresses in a glass state. However, this separation in a liquid state is problematic. We also consider peak broadening in the pair distribution function with increase of distance. We find that peak broadening (by ~40%) occurs due to the transverse vibrational modes, while contribution from the longitudinal modes does not change with distance. Finally, we introduce and consider atomic level transverse current correlation function.

V. A. Levashov

2014-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

219

Insights into Higher-Order Organization of the Cellulosome Revealed by a Dissect-and build Approach: Crystal Structure of Interacting Clostridium thermocellum Multimodular components  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Cellulosomes are large, multienzyme, plant cell wall-degrading protein complexes found affixed to the surface of a variety of anaerobic microbes. The core of the cellulosome is a noncatalytic scaffoldin protein, which contains several type-I cohesin modules that bind type-I dockerin-containing enzymatic subunits, a cellulose-binding module, an X module, and a type-II dockerin that interacts with type-II cohesin-containing cell surface proteins. The unique arrangement of the enzymatic subunits in the cellulosome complex, made possible by the scaffoldin subunit, promotes enhanced substrate degradation relative to the enzymes free in solution. Despite representative high-resolution structures of all of the individual modules of the cellulosome, this mechanism of enzymatic synergy remains poorly understood. Consequently, a model of the entire cellulosome and a detailed picture of intermodular contacts will provide more detailed insight into cellulosome activity. Toward this goal, we have solved the structure of a multimodular heterodimeric complex from Clostridium thermocellum composed of the type-II cohesin module of the cell surface protein SdbA bound to a trimodular C-terminal fragment of the scaffoldin subunit CipA to a resolution of 1.95 {angstrom}. The linker that connects the ninth type-I cohesin module and the X module has elevated temperature factors, reflecting an inherent flexibility within this region. Interestingly, a novel dimer interface was observed between CipA and a second, symmetry-related CipA molecule within the crystal structure, mediated by contacts between a type-I cohesin and an X module of a symmetry mate, resulting in two intertwined scaffoldins. Sedimentation velocity experiments confirmed that dimerization also occurs in solution. These observations support the intriguing possibility that individual cellulosomes can associate with one another via inter-scaffoldin interactions, which may play a role in the mechanism of action of the complex.

J Adams; M Currie; S Ali; E Bayer; Z Jia; S Smith

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

220

Insight REV dbk.indd  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

67 lbs 67 lbs Delivered Curb Weight: 1959 lbs Distribution F/R: 61/39 % GVWR: 2380 lbs GAWR F/R: 1355/1035 lbs Payload: 411 lbs Performance Goal: 400 lbs DIMENSIONS Wheelbase: 94.5 inches Track F/R: 56.5/52.2 inches Length: 155.1 inches Width: 66.7 inches Height: 51.5 inches Ground Clearance: 4.6 inches Performance Goal: 5.0 inches TIRES Tire Mfg: Bridgestone Tire Model: Potenza Tire Size: 165/65R14

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221

Earth Insights By Phil Rawlings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

? Commercial loop field grid design preparation ­ do you have: a. Calculated, not estimated, heat loss and heat to accomplish two tasks: 1) to provide necessary heat source/heat sink capacity required by the system's heat pumps, and 2) to allow the earth to adequately dissipate surplus rejected heat or replenish the effects

222

Monitoring Molecules: Insights and Progress  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

dopamine; fast-scan cyclic voltammetry; microelectrode; microdialysis; brain chemistry ... The mission of this Society is to provide a platform to facilitate the development and refinement of methods for time-resolved detection of chemicals in the living brain. ... The catalyst that began this interdisciplinary area was a 1976 review in Analytical Chemistry written by Ralph Adams entitled Probing Brain Chemistry with Electroanalytical Techniques.(1) Adams was a distinguished professor in the Department of Chemistry at Kansas University who had literally written the book on electrochemistry. ...

R. Mark Wightman

2014-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

223

Human KZNF Gene Catalog - A comprehensive catalog of human KRAB-associated zinc finger genes: insights into the evolutionary history of a large family of transcriptional repressors  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

Kruppel-type zinc finger (ZNF) motifs are prevalent components of transcription factor proteins in all eukaryotes. KRAB-ZNF proteins, in which a potent repressor domain is attached to a tandem array of DNA-binding zinc-finger motifs, are specific to tetrapod vertebrates and represent the largest class of ZNF proteins in mammals. To define the full repertoire of human KRAB-ZNF proteins, we searched the genome sequence for key motifs and then constructed and manually curated gene models incorporating those sequences. The resulting gene catalog contains 423 KRAB-ZNF protein-coding loci, yielding alternative transcripts that altogether predict at least 742 structurally distinct proteins. Active rounds of segmental duplication, involving single genes or larger regions and including both tandem and distributed duplication events, have driven the expansion of this mammalian gene family. Comparisons between the human genes and ZNF loci mined from the draft mouse, dog, and chimpanzee genomes not only identified 103 KRAB-ZNF genes that are conserved in mammals but also highlighted a substantial level of lineage-specific change; at least 136 KRAB-ZNF coding genes are primate specific, including many recent duplicates. KRAB-ZNF genes are widely expressed and clustered genes are typically not coregulated, indicating that paralogs have evolved to fill roles in many different biological processes. To facilitate further study, we have developed a Web-based public resource with access to gene models, sequences, and other data, including visualization tools to provide genomic context and interaction with other public data sets. [This abstract was copied from: S Huntley, DM Baggott, AT Hamilton, M Tran-Gyamfi, S Yang, J Kim, L Gordon, E Branscomb, and L Stubbs. 2006. A comprehensive catalog of human KRAB-associated zinc finger genes: insights into the evolutionary history of a large family of transcriptional repressors, Genome Research 16(5):669 - 677] The website provides the ability to search the online catalog by genomic coordinates, name, locus type, and motifs, to utilize a graphical browser and to download data files.

Huntley, S; Baggott, D.M.; Hamilton, A.T.; Tran-Gyamfi, M.; Yang, S.; Kim, J.; Gordon, L.; Branscomb, E.; Stubbs, L.

224

New insights on the solar core  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Since the detection of the asymptotic properties of the dipole gravity modes in the Sun, the quest to find individual gravity modes has continued. An extensive and deeper analysis of 14 years of continuous GOLF/SoHO observational data, unveils the presence of a pattern of peaks that could be interpreted as individual dipole gravity modes in the frequency range between 60 and 140 microHz, with amplitudes compatible with the latest theoretical predictions. By collapsing the power spectrum we have obtained a quite constant splitting for these patterns in comparison to regions where no g modes were expected. Moreover, the same technique applied to simultaneous VIRGO/SoHO data unveils some common signals between the power spectra of both instruments. Thus, we are able to identify and characterize individual g modes with their central frequencies, amplitudes and splittings allowing to do seismic inversions of the rotation profile inside the solar core. These results open a new light on the physics and dynamics of t...

Garcia, R A; Ballot, J; Eff-Darwich, A; Garrido, R; Jimenez, A; Mathis, S; Mathur, S; Moya, A; Palle, P L; Regulo, C; Sato, K; Suarez, J C; Turck-Chieze, S

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Tumor Metastasis: Molecular Insights and Evolving Paradigms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Metastases represent the end products of a multistep cell-biological process termed the invasion-metastasis cascade, which involves dissemination of cancer cells to anatomically distant organ sites and their subsequent ...

Valastyan, Scott

226

Photoacoustic insights on diesel exhaust particles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Photoacoustic measurements at General Motors Research Laboratories on diesel exhaust particulate emissions are reviewed. Conventional optical techniques provide real-time qualitative...

Roessler, David M

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Insights into future mobile multimedia applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the last five years, mobile network applications have been characterized by the following multimedia applications: e-mail, web browsing, games, video-clip & music download, and multimedia mail. Those are early applications, in the emerging 3G mobile ...

Minoru Etoh

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

DOE Research and Development Accomplishments Interesting Insights  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

bubble chamber Glaser developed a host of particle detectors Charpak developed the neutron diffraction technique Shull created host molecules in his host-guest research...

229

INCOSE INSIGHT Fall 1999 29 Special Feature  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

certification. Although the organization had been ISO 9001 certified since 1993, it was decided that a systems and implement engineering and management pro- cesses. The first initiative, in 1992, defined a software engineering process. A second initiative was started in 1995 with the objective of defining and implementing

Laporte, Claude Y.

230

Applied Solutions Webinar: Insights Into District Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

Local governments and their communities that inhabit dense locations can take advantage of district heating and/or cooling systems as a way to increase energy efficiency and reliability while...

231

Insights and puzzles in particle physics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I briefly review the conceptual developments that led to the Standard Model and discuss some of its remarkable qualitative features. On the way, I draw attention to several puzzling aspects that are beyond the reach of our present understanding of the basic laws of physics.

Leutwyler, H

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Insights and puzzles in particle physics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I briefly review the conceptual developments that led to the Standard Model and discuss some of its remarkable qualitative features. On the way, I draw attention to several puzzling aspects that are beyond the reach of our present understanding of the basic laws of physics.

H. Leutwyler

2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

233

New Insights Into Regulation of Ethylene Responsiveness  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

E. M. (1993). Arabidopsis ethylene-response gene ETR1:1997). Activation of the ethylene gas response pathway inby the nuclear protein ETHYLENE-INSENSITIVE3 and related

Deslauriers, Steve

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

New Insights Into Regulation of Ethylene Responsiveness.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Ethylene is a simple phytohormone known to be involved with many processes crucial to plant development, including fruit ripening and tissue senescence. In an effort (more)

Deslauriers, Steve

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Hydrologic Forcing of Submarine Groundwater Discharge: Insight ...  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

By performing both salinity and radium mass balances during five time ... treatment was run in triplicate and consisted of a ,400-g aliquot of sediment .... freshwater by marsh plants. ..... wastewater plumes) and nonpoint (e.g., organic carbon.

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Understanding autism: insights from mind and brain  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...their changes with age and their modi- fication through remedial programmes, cognitive theories are needed. Cognitive explanations...Y., Hardy-Bayle, M. C. & Decety, J. 2000 A PET investigation of the attribution of intentions with a nonverbal task...

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

New geochemical insights into volcanic degassing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...It is clear that, as well as measuring gas emissions...Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. Scientific...eruptions. J. Volcanol. Geothermal Res. 134, 77-107...Popocatepetl Volcano, Mexico, from olivine-hosted...analysis. J. Volcanol. Geothermal Res. 108, 11-31...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Genomic insights into the pathogenesis of Leptospira  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

area (Belen) with poor sanitation and a high density ofa city slum where sanitation is poor, rats are common andin Iquitos and the poor sanitation in most areas make the

Ricaldi Camahuali, Jessica Nancy

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Building up the elliptic flow: analytical insights  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, we present a fully analytical description of the early-stage formation of elliptic flow in relativistic viscous hydrodynamics. We first construct an elliptic deformation of Gubser flow which is a boost invariant solution of the Navier-Stokes equation with a nontrivial transverse profile. We then analytically calculate the momentum anisotropy of the flow as a function of time and discuss the connection with the empirical formula by Bhalerao {\\it et al.} regarding the viscosity dependence of elliptic flow.

Yoshitaka Hatta; Bo-Wen Xiao

2014-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

240

Exascale Insights (2011) | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Twitter Youtube Flickr RSS People Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "insight inforum interindustry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Incorporating carbon capture and storage technologies in integrated assessment models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Farland , Howard J. Herzog Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA Available online 7 July 2006 Abstract Low change has accounted for a significant portion of economic growth and is, in part, responsible economy-wide interactions, including international trade, energy supply and demand, inter-industry supply

242

'Insights of the Decade' Enabled by NERSC - NERSC Center News...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the Supernova Cosmology Project's Type 1a supernova data, which led to the discovery of dark energy in 1998.) As the CMB community started incorporating supercomputers into their...

243

Intern Shares Insight Into Researchers' Minds |GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

rest of the year, I am a Ph.D. candidate at Virginia Tech, where my research is in aerodynamics and instrumentation development. At school, my work is supported by GE Power and...

244

Tackling Ebola: new insights into prophylactic and therapeutic intervention strategies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Since its discovery in 1976, Ebolavirus has caused periodic outbreaks of viral hemorrhagic fever associated with severe and often fatal disease. Ebolavirus is endemic in Central Africa and the Philippines. Alt...

Emmie de Wit; Heinz Feldmann; Vincent J Munster

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Tackling Ebola: new insights into prophylactic and therapeutic intervention strategies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

There is currently no effective treatment for human Ebolavirus infection, but research into vaccines and antiviral and antisense therapies in non-human primates is showing promise.

Emmie de Wit; Heinz Feldmann; Vincent J Munster

2011-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

246

HACking the centromere chromatin code: insights from human artificial chromosomes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The centromere is a specialized chromosomal region that serves as the assembly site of the kinetochore. At the centromere, CENP-A nucleosomes form part of a chromatin landscape termed centrochromatin. This chr...

Jan H. Bergmann; Nuno M. C. Martins; Vladimir Larionov

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Failures of metacognition and lack of insight in neuropsychiatric disorders  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...and to recognize that one is suffering from a disorder that merits treatment, seems to require a degree of executive functioning...equivalent to illness awareness will be considered later. Work by Nick Bedford for his PhD [76-78] addressed this question using...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Risk analysis and risk management: a European insight  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......1996 Challenges in risk assessment and risk management (Preface...the American Academy of Political and Social Science...social, cultural, and political forces that dictate success and failure in risk assessment and risk management......

Zoe Nivolianitou

2002-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Public protection against misperceived risks: Insights from positive political economy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Citizens often misperceive the nature of risks they face and the impacts of alternative actions on those risks. For example, consumers may underestimate the probability of flood in their area, or they may unde...

Mark Pauly; Howard Kunreuther; James Vaupel

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Risk analysis and risk management: a European insight  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......and environmental risks. Scientific analysis of risks cannot allay our fears...social, cultural, and political forces that dictate success and failure in risk assessment and risk...done already in the insurance discipline, where even......

Zoe Nivolianitou

2002-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Community perceptions of carbon sequestration: insights from California  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Over the last decade, many energy experts have supported carbon sequestration as a viable technological response to climate change. Given the potential importance of sequestration in US energy policy, what might explain the views of communities that may be directly impacted by the siting of this technology? To answer this question, we conducted focus groups in two communities who were potentially pilot project sites for California's DOE-funded West Coast Regional Partnership (WESTCARB). We find that communities want a voice in defining the risks to be mitigated as well as the justice of the procedures by which the technology is implemented. We argue that a community's sense of empowerment is key to understanding its range of carbon sequestration opinions, where 'empowerment' includes the ability to mitigate community-defined risks of the technology. This sense of empowerment protects the community against the downside risk of government or corporate neglect, a risk that is rarely identified in risk assessments but that should be factored into assessment and communication strategies.

Gabrielle Wong-Parodi; Isha Ray

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Insight from Fukushima Daiichi Unit 3 Investigations using MELCOR  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During the emergency response period of the accidents that took place at Fukushima Daiichi in March of 2011, researchers at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) conducted a number of studies using the MELCOR code to help understand what was occurring and what had occurred. During the post-accident period, the Department of Energy (DOE) and the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) jointly sponsored a study of the Fukushima Daiichi accident with collaboration among Oak Ridge, Sandia, and Idaho national laboratories. The purpose of the study was to compile relevant data, reconstruct the accident progression using computer codes, assess the codes predictive capabilities, and identify future data needs. The current paper summarizes some of the early MELCOR simulations and analyses conducted at ORNL of the Fukushima Daiichi Unit 3 accident. Extended analysis and discussion of the Unit 3 accident is also presented taking into account new knowledge and modeling refinements made since the joint DOE/NRC study.

Robb, Kevin R. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Francis, Matthew W. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Ott, Larry J. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Oak Ridge Centers for Manufacturing Technology ? Insights from...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Jack Cook The long-term partner with Dave Beck from Y-12, as well as Co-Director of the Oak Ridge Centers for Manufacturing Technology (ORMCT), was Jack Cook of Oak Ridge...

254

Descended from Darwin Insights into the History of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Congress. #12;73 C h a p t e r 4 Biosystematics and the Origin of Species Edgar Anderson, W. H. Camp of the twentieth century, just such a synthesis between genetics and evolutionary theory flourished through

255

Ancient insights into uric acid metabolism in primates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

such as gout and hypertension have plagued us for centu- ries. The prevalence of gout in the United States has, a key enzyme that metabolizes uric acid, leaving us vulnerable to diseases such as gout rise to the well-known joint pain associated with gout. Elevated uric acid levels have also been

Chang, Belinda

256

Evolutionary history and metabolic insights of ancient mammalian uricases  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

causing gout. We have applied evolutionary models to understand the history of primate uricases of treating gout and preventing tumor lysis syndrome in human patients. hyperuricemia | pseudogene | evolution

Gaucher, Eric

257

New Complete Streets guidebook offers practical insights for implementation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to drive more efficient vehicles, and people seem to be driving less. The fuel tax is not indexed and electricity are paid for--is the best solution. The problem, Geddes says, is that a mileage-based user fee could include giving tax rebates to motorists or net revenues to jurisdictions through which a road

Minnesota, University of

258

NREL: News Feature - Postdoctoral Fellows Bring Fresh Insights  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

on my radar," Knott said. His UC advisor was familiar with research at NREL's National Bioenergy Center, so Knott applied and was selected as the first NREL Director's Fellow....

259

Making Sustainable Energy Choices: Insights on the Energy/Water...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

complex web of connections, or nexus, between energy, water, and land. Economics, energy markets and policies, system performance, environmental regulations, carbon emissions, and...

260

A Minnesota Blizzard Provides Insight into Utility-Scale Wind...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Wakes September 12, 2014 - 11:22am Addthis A blurry, black and white photo of wind turbines in a blizzard. Jiarong Hong can hardly wait for Minnesota's harsh winters to...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "insight inforum interindustry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Insights on Why Companies Pay Attention to Energy Management  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

National data show that improvement in industrial energy efficiency has stagnated for a decade and a half. Most corporations pay scant attention to energy use. Yet some companies exhibit outstanding performance in lowering their energy use per unit...

Norland, D.

262

BIOGEOCHEMICAL CYCLING OF MERCURY: Insights from global modeling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

industrialization Major anthropogenic source is stationary combustion (coal) Atmospheric transport and deposition.S. National Science Foundation Atmospheric Chemistry Program #12;FROM ATMOSPHERE TO FISH: MERCURY RISING Ice; Selin et al., Ann. Rev. Env. Res., submitted] #12;MERCURY: ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY OH,O3,Br

Selin, Noelle Eckley

263

Structural insights into the catalytic mechanism of human squalene synthase  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The structures of human squalene synthase and its mutants in complex with several substrate analogues and intermediates coordinated with Mg2+ or Mn2+ stepwise delineate the biosynthetic pathway.

Liu, C.-I.

2014-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

264

The genome of Laccaria bicolor provides insights into mycorrhizal symbiosis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... Rombauts, L. Sterck, K. Vandepoele, G. Werner and his colleagues, S. Pitluck and K. Zhou, B. Hilselberger and J. Grard for their assistance. F. ...

F. Martin; A. Aerts; D. Ahrn; A. Brun; E. G. J. Danchin; F. Duchaussoy; J. Gibon; A. Kohler; E. Lindquist; V. Pereda; A. Salamov; H. J. Shapiro; J. Wuyts; D. Blaudez; M. Bue; P. Brokstein; B. Canbck; D. Cohen; P. E. Courty; P. M. Coutinho; C. Delaruelle; J. C. Detter; A. Deveau; S. DiFazio; S. Duplessis; L. Fraissinet-Tachet; E. Lucic; P. Frey-Klett; C. Fourrey; I. Feussner; G. Gay; J. Grimwood; P. J. Hoegger; P. Jain; S. Kilaru; J. Labb; Y. C. Lin; V. Legu; F. Le Tacon; R. Marmeisse; D. Melayah; B. Montanini; M. Muratet; U. Nehls; H. Niculita-Hirzel; M. P. Oudot-Le Secq; M. Peter; H. Quesneville; B. Rajashekar; M. Reich; N. Rouhier; J. Schmutz; T. Yin; M. Chalot; B. Henrissat; U. Kes; S. Lucas; Y. Van de Peer; G. K. Podila; A. Polle; P. J. Pukkila; P. M. Richardson; P. Rouz; I. R. Sanders; J. E. Stajich; A. Tunlid; G. Tuskan; I. V. Grigoriev

2008-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

265

Voices of Experience: New Guide Offers Utilities' Insights on...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Engagement guide, which was introduced today at the National Town Meeting on Demand Response and the Smart Grid, builds on the knowledge shared during a series of...

266

New Insights for Improving the Designs of Flexible Duct Junction...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

box that can be fabricated onsite. Current codes prevent the use of small- diameter plastic ductwork, which could be a low-friction solution to low-flow systems as opposed to...

267

Ecofys-Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions: Insights from...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NAMAs to understand the issues arising from this concept. This report summarizes the knowledge gained from elaborating upon NAMA examples. By doing so, we attempt to address the...

268

Comparative genomics reveals insights into avian genome evolution and adaptation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...vocal learning species [zebra finch, medium-ground finch (Geospiza...GULO pseudogenization in two oscines (medium ground-finch and zebra finch...passerine group Passerida (represented by the medium ground-finch and zebra finch) (fig...

Guojie Zhang; Cai Li; Qiye Li; Bo Li; Denis M. Larkin; Chul Lee; Jay F. Storz; Agostinho Antunes; Matthew J. Greenwold; Robert W. Meredith; Anders deen; Jie Cui; Qi Zhou; Luohao Xu; Hailin Pan; Zongji Wang; Lijun Jin; Pei Zhang; Haofu Hu; Wei Yang; Jiang Hu; Jin Xiao; Zhikai Yang; Yang Liu; Qiaolin Xie; Hao Yu; Jinmin Lian; Ping Wen; Fang Zhang; Hui Li; Yongli Zeng; Zijun Xiong; Shiping Liu; Long Zhou; Zhiyong Huang; Na An; Jie Wang; Qiumei Zheng; Yingqi Xiong; Guangbiao Wang; Bo Wang; Jingjing Wang; Yu Fan; Rute R. da Fonseca; Alonzo Alfaro-Nez; Mikkel Schubert; Ludovic Orlando; Tobias Mourier; Jason T. Howard; Ganeshkumar Ganapathy; Andreas Pfenning; Osceola Whitney; Miriam V. Rivas; Erina Hara; Julia Smith; Marta Farr; Jitendra Narayan; Gancho Slavov; Michael N Romanov; Rui Borges; Joo Paulo Machado; Imran Khan; Mark S. Springer; John Gatesy; Federico G. Hoffmann; Juan C. Opazo; Olle Hstad; Roger H. Sawyer; Heebal Kim; Kyu-Won Kim; Hyeon Jeong Kim; Seoae Cho; Ning Li; Yinhua Huang; Michael W. Bruford; Xiangjiang Zhan; Andrew Dixon; Mads F. Bertelsen; Elizabeth Derryberry; Wesley Warren; Richard K Wilson; Shengbin Li; David A. Ray; Richard E. Green; Stephen J. OBrien; Darren Griffin; Warren E. Johnson; David Haussler; Oliver A. Ryder; Eske Willerslev; Gary R. Graves; Per Alstrm; Jon Fjelds; David P. Mindell; Scott V. Edwards; Edward L. Braun; Carsten Rahbek; David W. Burt; Peter Houde; Yong Zhang; Huanming Yang; Jian Wang; Avian Genome Consortium; Erich D. Jarvis; M. Thomas P. Gilbert; Jun Wang

2014-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

269

MR-PET of the body: Early experience and insights  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract MR-PET is a novel imaging modality that combines anatomic and metabolic data acquisition, allowing for simultaneous depiction of morphological and functional abnormalities with an excellent soft tissue contrast and good spatial resolution; as well as accurate temporal and spatial image fusion; while substantially reducing radiation dose when compared with PET-CT. In this review, we will discuss MR-PET basic principles and technical challenges and limitations, explore some practical considerations, and cover the main clinical applications, while shedding some light on some of the future trends regarding this new imaging technique.

Miguel Ramalho; Mamdoh AlObaidy; Onofrio A. Catalano; Alexander R. Guimaraes; Marco Salvatore; Richard C. Semelka

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Integrity Insight Ingenuity Pioneering Business Learning and Discovery  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mailani Veney Jacob Wawrzynkiewicz Dianne Welsh Marc Werkmeister Jeffrey Wheeler Pamela Widell Kimberly point average that puts them in the top 10% of the freshman class. Katherine DianeAdams,Arapahoe NE

Farritor, Shane

271

Insights into salt tolerance from the genome of Thellungiella salsuginea  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...genes using the Blast2GO pipeline (15). The term response to stimulus...loss by epicuticular wax is a strategy used by...acid signaling, and wax...11) (1). TEdenovo pipeline included in the REPET...identified by FGENESH++ pipeline (Softberry Inc...

Hua-Jun Wu; Zhonghui Zhang; Jun-Yi Wang; Dong-Ha Oh; Maheshi Dassanayake; Binghang Liu; Quanfei Huang; Hai-Xi Sun; Ran Xia; Yaorong Wu; Yi-Nan Wang; Zhao Yang; Yang Liu; Wanke Zhang; Huawei Zhang; Jinfang Chu; Cunyu Yan; Shuang Fang; Jinsong Zhang; Yiqin Wang; Fengxia Zhang; Guodong Wang; Sang Yeol Lee; John M. Cheeseman; Bicheng Yang; Bo Li; Jiumeng Min; Linfeng Yang; Jun Wang; Chengcai Chu; Shou-Yi Chen; Hans J. Bohnert; Jian-Kang Zhu; Xiu-Jie Wang; Qi Xie

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

New Insights into Hydrogen Bonding and Stacking Interactions in Cellulose  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this quantum chemical study, we explore hydrogen bonding (H-bonding) and stacking interactions in different crystalline cellulose allomorphs, namely cellulose I and cellulose IIII. We consider a model system representing a cellulose crystalline core, made from six cellobiose units arranged in three layers with two chains per layer. We calculate the contributions of intrasheet and intersheet interactions to the structure and stability in both cellulose I and cellulose IIII crystalline cores. Reference structures for this study were generated from molecular dynamics simulations of water-solvated cellulose I and IIII fibrils. A systematic analysis of various conformations describing different mutual orientations of cellobiose units is performed using the hybrid density functional theory (DFT) with the M06-2X with 6-31+G (d, p) basis sets. We dissect the nature of the forces that stabilize the cellulose I and cellulose IIII crystalline cores and quantify the relative strength of H-bonding and stacking interactions. Our calculations demonstrate that individual H-bonding interactions are stronger in cellulose I than in cellulose IIII. We also observe a significant contribution from cooperative stacking interactions to the stabilization of cellulose I . In addition, the theory of atoms-in-molecules (AIM) has been employed to characterize and quantify these intermolecular interactions. AIM analyses highlight the role of nonconventional CH O H-bonding in the cellulose assemblies. Finally, we calculate molecular electrostatic potential maps for the cellulose allomorphs that capture the differences in chemical reactivity of the systems considered in our study.

Langan, Paul [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Deep Insights from Thin Layers | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

super-thin layer at a time, creating opportunities for new innovations -- from better biofuels to new medicines. Proteins are critical to life; they're the body's essential...

274

Solar wind samples give insight into birth of solar system  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2011 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering...

275

Technology Insights and Perspectives for Nuclear Fuel Cycle Concepts  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The following report provides a rich resource of information for exploring fuel cycle characteristics. The most noteworthy trends can be traced back to the utilization efficiency of natural uranium resources. By definition, complete uranium utilization occurs only when all of the natural uranium resource can be introduced into the nuclear reactor long enough for all of it to undergo fission. Achieving near complete uranium utilization requires technologies that can achieve full recycle or at least nearly full recycle of the initial natural uranium consumed from the Earth. Greater than 99% of all natural uranium is fertile, and thus is not conducive to fission. This fact requires the fuel cycle to convert large quantities of non-fissile material into fissile transuranics. Step increases in waste benefits are closely related to the step increase in uranium utilization going from non-breeding fuel cycles to breeding fuel cycles. The amount of mass requiring a disposal path is tightly coupled to the quantity of actinides in the waste stream. Complete uranium utilization by definition means that zero (practically, near zero) actinide mass is present in the waste stream. Therefore, fuel cycles with complete (uranium and transuranic) recycle discharge predominately fission products with some actinide process losses. Fuel cycles without complete recycle discharge a much more massive waste stream because only a fraction of the initial actinide mass is burned prior to disposal. In a nuclear growth scenario, the relevant acceptable frequency for core damage events in nuclear reactors is inversely proportional to the number of reactors deployed in a fuel cycle. For ten times the reactors in a fleet, it should be expected that the fleet-average core damage frequency be decreased by a factor of ten. The relevant proliferation resistance of a fuel cycle system is enhanced with: decreasing reliance on domestic fuel cycle services, decreasing adaptability for technology misuse, enablement of material accountability, and decreasing material attractiveness.

S. Bays; S. Piet; N. Soelberg; M. Lineberry; B. Dixon

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Innovation pathways in technology intensive government organizations : insights from NASA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Despite a rich legacy of impressive technological accomplishments (e.g., project Apollo, the Hubble Space Telescope) in recent years, the ability of government space agencies to deliver on their promises has increasingly ...

Szajnfarber, Zoe

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

HEV Fleet Testing - Summary Fact Sheet for 2010 Honda Insight  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

courts, law offices, and medical facilities on city streets and urban freeways. Vehicle Specifications Engine: 1.3 L 4-cylinder Electric Motor: 10 kW Battery: NiMH Seatbelt...

278

Insights into bilaterian evolution from three spiralian genomes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Current genomic perspectives on animal diversity neglect two prominent phyla, the molluscs and annelids, that together account for nearly one-third of known marine species and are important both ecologically and as experimental systems in classical embryology1, 2, 3. Here we describe the draft genomes of the owl limpet (Lottia gigantea), a marine polychaete (Capitella teleta) and a freshwater leech (Helobdella robusta), and compare them with other animal genomes to investigate the origin and diversification of bilaterians from a genomic perspective. We find that the genome organization, gene structure and functional content of these species are more similar to those of some invertebrate deuterostome genomes (for example, amphioxus and sea urchin) than those of other protostomes that have been sequenced to date (flies, nematodes and flatworms). The conservation of these genomic features enables us to expand the inventory of genes present in the last common bilaterian ancestor, establish the tripartite diversification of bilaterians using multiple genomic characteristics and identify ancient conserved long- and short-range genetic linkages across metazoans. Superimposed on this broadly conserved pan-bilaterian background we find examples of lineage-specific genome evolution, including varying rates of rearrangement, intron gain and loss, expansions and contractions of gene families, and the evolution of clade-specific genes that produce the unique content of each genome.

Simakov, Oleg; Marletaz, Ferdinand; Cho, Sung-Jin; Edsinger-Gonzales, Eric; Havlak, Paul; Hellsten, Uffe; Kuo, Dian-Han; Larsson, Tomas; Lv, Jie; Arendt, Detlev; Savage, Robert; Osoegawa, Kazutoyo; de Jong, Pieter; Grimwood, Jane; Chapman, Jarrod A.; Shapiro, Harris; Otillar, Robert P.; Terry, Astrid Y.; Boore, Jeffrey L.; Grigoriev, Igor V.; Lindberg, David R.; Seaver, Elaine C.; Weisblat, David A.; Putnam, Nicholas H.; Rokhsar, Daniel S.; Aerts, Andrea

2012-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

279

Strategies for aluminum recycling : insights from material system optimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The dramatic increase in aluminum consumption over the past decades necessitates a societal effort to recycle and reuse these materials to promote true sustainability and energy savings in aluminum production. However, the ...

Li, Preston Pui-Chuen

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Developmental Pattern Formation: Insights from Physics and Biology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...10.1016/j.stem.2009.04.011 19427289 10.1016/j.stem.2009.04.011 42 Tka?ik G. Walczak A. M. , Information transmission in genetic regulatory networks: A review . J. Phys. Condens. Matter 23 , 153102 ( 2011 ). 10...

Anna Kicheva; Michael Cohen; James Briscoe

2012-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "insight inforum interindustry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Designing Games for Learning: Insights from Conversations with Designers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Keywords H5.m. Information interfaces and presentation (e.g., HCI): Miscellaneous. General Terms Design

Isbister, Katherine

282

No strings attached: new insights into epithelial morphogenesis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

What regulates epithelial cell bending during early development? Lance Davidson comments on a paper from Zhirong Bao and colleagues where cell ingression in worm gastrulation is driven by dynamic cytoskeletal changes and cortical flow, challenging previous purse-string constriction models.

Lance A Davidson

2012-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

283

Structural Insights into the Human Metapneumovirus Glycoprotein Ectodomain  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...using SEC-MALLS-RI. The protein was purified by size exclusion...linear and unaffected by protein concentration (Fig. 2C...characteristic for elongated or disordered proteins (33). We then used ensemble optimization to quantify...

Cedric Leyrat; Guido C. Paesen; James Charleston; Max Renner; Jonathan M. Grimes

2014-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

284

Accessibility at early stages: insights from the designer perspective  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Usually, a huge number of tools and proposals help developers assess Accessibility of Web applications; however, looking from the designer perspective, there is no such a similar situation. It seems that creating accessible Web sites is more expensive ... Keywords: accessibility early design, aspect-oriented design, user interface models, web engineering

Adriana Martn; Alejandra Cechich; Gustavo Rossi

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Risk analysis and risk management: a European insight  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......On the control of Major-Accident...17 or the integrated pollution prevention and control directive...establishes a system of environmental...chemical plants and highway...projects (solid waste and wastewater treatment plants...1996 on the control of major-accident...Concerning integrated pollution......

Zoe Nivolianitou

2002-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Strategic Insights From Playing the Quantum Tic-Tac-Toe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, we perform a minimalistic quantization of the classical game of tic-tac-toe, by allowing superpositions of classical moves. In order for the quantum game to reduce properly to the classical game, we require legal quantum moves to be orthogonal to all previous moves. We also admit interference effects, by squaring the sum of amplitudes over all moves by a player to compute his or her occupation level of a given site. A player wins when the sums of occupations along any of the eight straight lines we can draw in the $3 \\times 3$ grid is greater than three. We play the quantum tic-tac-toe first randomly, and then deterministically, to explore the impact different opening moves, end games, and different combinations of offensive and defensive strategies have on the outcome of the game. In contrast to the classical tic-tac-toe, the deterministic quantum game does not always end in a draw. In contrast also to most classical two-player games of no chance, it is possible for Player 2 to win. More interestingly, we find that Player 1 enjoys an overwhelming quantum advantage when he opens with a quantum move, but loses this advantage when he opens with a classical move. We also find the quantum blocking move, which consists of a weighted superposition of moves that the opponent could use to win the game, to be very effective in denying the opponent his or her victory. We then speculate what implications these results might have on quantum information transfer and portfolio optimization.

J. N. Leaw; S. A. Cheong

2010-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

287

Building America Whole-House Solutions for New Homes: Insight...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Building America Whole-House Solutions for New Homes: Hydronic Heating Coil Versus Propane Furnace (Fact Sheet) Building America Whole-House Solutions for New Homes: S & A...

288

New insights into ethylene signalling and wood development.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This thesis describes experimental work concerning the biology of ethylene in the development of xylem in hybrid aspen, Populus tremula L. x tremuloides Michx. Ethylene (more)

Love, Jonathan

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Root system architecture: insights from Arabidopsis and cereal crops  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...S. , Forster, B., Pages, L., Price, A., Tuberosa, R., Draye, X. 2007...Ivanchenko, M. G., Muday, G. K. 2008 Ethylene regulates lateral root formation and auxin...Sukumar, P., Muday, G. K. 2011 Ethylene inhibits lateral root development, increases...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Comment on 'New Insights in the Electrocatalytic Proton Reduction...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

reduction using a model nickel complex for nickel-based electrocatalysts with cyclic phosphorous ligands incorporating pendant amines. These catalysts are attracting considerable...

291

Insights into the crystal chemistry of Earth materials rendered...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

systematically larger for the more electronegative atoms like aluminum, silicon and phosphorous. Pauling's first rule is based on the assumption that the radius of the oxide anion...

292

Insights into Corporate Energy Management Trends - Focus on Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with bureaucratic challenges Copyright ? 2010 Deloitte Development LLC and Harrison Group. All rights reserved. 16 Texas based companies less sold on "Cost of Carbon" Q: How would you describe your attitudes when you hear 'carbon cost' being discussed? Total... how many full-time employees, including yourself, does your company employ? , Q: What were your company?s approximate U.S. revenues last fiscal year?, Q: In what states do you operate? , Q: What is your company?s primary business activity? Copyright...

Fyock, C.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Molecular insights into the niche of harmful brown tides  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recurrent brown tide blooms caused by the harmful alga Alureococcus anophagefferens have decimated coastal ecosystems and shellfisheries along the Eastern U.S and South Africa. The exact mechanisms controlling bloom ...

Wurch, Louie L. (Louie Lorne)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Insight into the principles of amphipathic peptide self-assembly.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Amyloid is associated with protein pathologies such as Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's Disease, Spongiform Encephalopthies (Mad Cow's Disease), as well as Type II Diabetes. In recent (more)

Bowerman, Charles James (1985 - ); Nilsson, Bradley L.; Ryan, Derek M. (1985 - ); Nissan, David A.; Liyanage, Wathsala N.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Worldwide Trends in Energy Use and Efficiency: Key Insights from...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

www.iea.orgpapers2008indicators2008.pdf Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.orgcontentworldwide-trends-energy-use-and-effic Language: English Policies:...

296

New insights into Mott-scattering electron polarimetry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In order to understand some of the systematic effects associated with conventional Mott-scattering electron polarization measurements, we analyzed asymmetry data obtained with 94-keV polarized electrons scattered at 120/sup 0/ from gold-foil targets ranging in thickness from 27 to 62 ..mu..g/cm/sup 2/. Based upon an examination of the influence of multiple and plural scattering, we conclude that the precision of such Mott measurements is f-italicu-italicn-italicd-italica-italicm-italice-italicn-italict-italica-italicl-italicl-italicy-italic limited by an experimental uncertainty of greater than +- 2.5% and an absolute uncertainty of approximately +-5%, considerably worse than is customarily assumed. We believe that similar conclusions can be drawn for measurements made with ''compact'' cylindrical and spherical Mott polarimeters.

Fletcher, G.D.; Gay, T.J.; Lubell, M.S.

1986-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Transcript leaders : annotation and insight into functions in translation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

For a eukaryotic mRNA to be properly expressed, it undergoes a series of several steps, including transcription, modification, splicing, packaging, export, localization, translation, and decay. Of these steps transcription ...

Arribere, Joshua A. (Joshua Alexander)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Converting Methane to Methanol: Structural Insight into the Reaction...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

evidence for a multinuclear cluster in pMMO. References Murrell, J.C., McDonald, I.R. and Gilbert, B., (2000) Trends Microbiol., 8, 221-5. Stanley, S.H., Prior, S.D., Leak, D.J....

299

Risk analysis and risk management: a European insight  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Integrated Regional Health and Environmental and Pollution...the potential of releasing a dangerous (toxic or flammable) substance...Physical Effects of the Escape of Dangerous Materials (Liquids and Gases...Major-Accident Hazards Involving Dangerous Substances. 12 EUROPEAN COMMISSION......

Zoe Nivolianitou

2002-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Bob Jaffe, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Insights from...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

SessionA5JaffeMIT.pdf More Documents & Publications Trans-Atlantic Workshop on Rare Earth Elements and Other Critical Materials for a Clean Energy Future Michael Heine, SGL...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "insight inforum interindustry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

The Eyjafjallajkull volcanic system, Iceland: insights from electromagnetic measurements  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Proceedings of the 67th Ann. Internat. Mtg. Soc. of Expl. Geophys. (1997) 382-385...Saemundsson K. Heat flow and geothermal processes in Iceland. Tectonophysics (1993) 225...technique. Proceedings of the 54th Ann. Mtg. Soc. of Expl. Geophys. (1984) Atlanta......

Marion P. Miensopust; Alan G. Jones; Gylfi Pll Hersir; Arnar M. Vilhjlmsson

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Mechanistic Insight into Fragmentation Reactions of Titanapinacolate Complexes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Reactions between terminal alkynes or aromatic ketones and titanapinacolate complexes (DMSC)Ti(OCAr2CAr2O) (2, Ar = Ph, and 3, Ar = p-MeC6H4; DMSC = 1,2-alternate dimethylsilyl-bridged p-tert-butylcalix[4]arene dianion) occur via rupture of the C?C bond of the titanacycle. ... Analysis of the kinetics of the reaction of (DMSC)Ti{OC(p-MeC6H4)2C(p-MeC6H4)2O} (3) with ButC?CH revealed that the fragmentation reactions proceed via a preequilibrium mechanism, involving reversible dissociation of titanapinacolate complexes into (DMSC)Ti(?2-OCAr2) species with release of a ketone molecule, followed by rate-limiting reaction of (DMSC)Ti(?2-OCAr2) species with an alkyne or ketone molecule. ... We recently reported the synthesis of titanapinacolate complexes (DMSC)Ti(OCAr2CAr2O) (2, Ar = Ph, and 3, Ar = p-MeC6H4; DMSC = 1,2-alternate dimethylsilyl-bridged p-tert-butylcalix[4]arene dianion, eq 1).5 Structural characterization of 2 by X-ray crystallography revealed that the unit cell contained two independent molecules and that the OCPh2CPh2O fragment of each molecule possessed an unusually long C?C bond [1.628(6) and 1.652(5) ].5 Whether this rather peculiar structural feature portends intriguing reaction chemistry for titanapinacolate complexes 2 and 3 was of interest to us, especially since 2 and 3 are titanium derivatives of V (Scheme 1). ...

Jesudoss V. Kingston; Oleg V. Ozerov; Sean Parkin; Carolyn P. Brock; Folami T. Ladipo

2002-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

303

Energy and Water Interactions: Insights from Mathematical Models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EnergyUse Water Use or Environmental Impact More More Less Less 0 0 Biofuels Production? Seawater desalting Water-Water TradeoffsEnergyUse Water Use or Environmental Impact More More Less Less 0 0 Biofuels Production? Seawater improvements Solar generation agriculture substitution? Pumping Shale oil Production? Drip irrigation-SW Trade

Keller, Arturo A.

304

Insights for Quantitative Risk Assessment of Combined Cycle Power Plants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Traditional techniques of risk analysis have been fitted for the application to combined cycle power plants and the results of several...

Gabriele Ballocco; Andrea Carpignano

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Hydrogen trapping in ?-Pu: insights from electronic structure calculations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Density functional theory calculations have been performed to provide details of the structural and charge-transfer details related to the solid solution of hydrogen in (?)-plutonium. We follow the Flanagan model that outlines the process by which hydrogen interacts with a metal to produce hydride phases, via a sequence of surface, interstitial and defect-bound (trapped) states. Due to the complexities of the electronic structure in plutonium solid-state systems, we take the pragmatic approach of adopting the 'special quasirandom structure' to disperse the atomic magnetic moments. We find that this approach produces sound structural and thermodynamic properties in agreement with the available experimental data. In ?-Pu, hydrogen has an exothermic binding energy to all of the states relevant in the Flanagan model, and, furthermore, is anionic in all these states. The charge transfer is maximized (i.e.most negative for hydrogen) in the hydride phase. The pathway from surface to hydride is sequentially exothermic, in the order surface

Christopher D Taylor; Sarah C Hernandez; Michael F Francis; Daniel S Schwartz; Asok K Ray

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Insights into PEMFC Performance Degradation from HCl in Air  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The performance degradation of a proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) is studied in the presence of HCl in the air stream. The cathode employing carbon-supported platinum nanoparticles (Pt/C) was exposed to 4 ppm HCl in air while the cell voltage was held at 0.6 V. The HCl poisoning results in generation of chloride and chloroplatinate ions on the surface of Pt/C catalyst as determined by a combination of electrochemical tests and ex-situ chlorine K-edge X-Ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) spectroscopy. The chloride ions inhibit the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) and likely affect the wetting properties of diffusion media/catalyst layer, while the chloroplatinate ions are responsible for enhanced platinum particle growth most likely due to platinum dissolution-redeposition. The chloride ions can cause corrosion of the Pt nanoparticles in the presence of aqueous HCl in air even if no potential is applied. Although the majority of chloride ions are desorbed from the Pt surface by hydrogen treatment of the cathode, they partially remain in the system and re-adsorb on platinum at cell voltages of 0.5-0.9 V. Chloride ions are removed from the system and fuel cell performance at 0.5-0.7 V is restored by multiple exposures to low potentials.

O Baturina; A Epshteyn; P Northrup; K Swider-Lyons

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

307

Specific Cation Effects in Biological Systems: Thermodynamic and Spectroscopic Insights  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Very specific protein-salt interactions are involved in a multitude of biological phenomena such as protein folding/stability, enzymatic activity, and signal transduction events. In this work, we used two very simple, protein-mimic model biopolymers...

Kherb, Jaibir

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

308

Cloud Processes: Insights over a Decade into the Links between  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cloud Resolving Models Satellite and radar data Field Campaigns Radar Simulators (image: C. McGee) Grid Diffuse Sensible heat flux Latent heat flux Latent heat flux Aerosol direct effects Incoming solar radiation Direct Diffuse Sensible heat flux SiB RAMS CO2 Fluxes: Photosynthesis Respiration CO2 Radiative

Collett Jr., Jeffrey L.

309

Exhumation Of The Peruvian Andes; Insights From Mineral Chronometers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

geomorphology. PhD thesis, ETH Zurich. Wortel, M.J.R. , andgeomorphology. PhD thesis, ETH Zurich. Chapter 5. Cenozoic

Michalak, Melanie

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

long-term Collaborators: Y. Ageon (Insight Finance, France)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Zurich) T. Kaizoji (Tokyo) A. Saichev (ETH Zurich and Nizhny Novgorod) R. Woodard and H. Woodard (ETH Zurich) W. Yan (ETH Zurich) A. Huesler (ETH Zurich) M. Fedorovsky (ETH Zurich) S. Reimann (ETH Zurich, ETH Zurich, Switzerland Member of the Swiss Finance Institute co-founder of the Competence Center

311

Impact of Radiation Biology on Fundamental Insights in Biology  

DOE R&D Accomplishments [OSTI]

Research supported by OHER [Office of Health and Environmental Research] and its predecessors has as one of its major goals an understanding of the effects of radiation at low doses and dose rates on biological systems, so as to predict their effects on humans. It is not possible to measure such effects directly. They must be predicted from basic knowledge on how radiation affects cellular components such as DNA and membranes and how cells react to such changes. What is the probability of radiation producing human mutations and what are the probabilities of radiation producing cancer? The end results of such studies are radiation exposure standards for workers and for the general population. An extension of these goals is setting standards for exposure to chemicals involved in various energy technologies. This latter problem is much more difficult because chemical dosimetry is a primitive state compared to radiation dosimetry.

Setlow, Richard B.

1982-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

312

Physics of Reliability: Evaluating Design Insights for Component...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

for Component Technologies in Solar (PREDICTS) program is taking a physics- and chemistry-based approach to identifying failure modes for solar products. Launched in October...

313

Descended from Darwin Insights into the History of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

it was widely recognized that a dramatic increase in air pollution associated with the industrial revolution as the classic demonstration of natural selection, his pioneering field studies of the phenomenon of industrial the phenomenon of industrial melanism as an area of active inquiry, ignores the existence of alternative theories

314

Ribosome research in atomic detail offers potential insights...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

specific ribosome arrangement. Manuscript CELL-D-13-01947R1. Published in Cell, July 3, 2014. The collaborating institutions are Charite, Berlin, Germany; Max-Plank Institut fur...

315

Anthropogenic Nickel Cycle: Insights into Use, Trade, and Recycling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

There are two reasons: their construction technologies use nickel more than elsewhere, and nickel containing goods used in construction are much less traded than any others, particularly machinery. ... Environmental Science and Technology (2004), 38 (4), 1242-1252 CODEN: ESTHAG; ISSN:0013-936X. ... While material flow analysis (MFA) has been widely used to characterize stocks and flows along technological life cycle within a specific geographical area, trade ... ...

Barbara K. Reck; Daniel B. Mller; Katherine Rostkowski; T. E. Graedel

2008-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

316

Descended from Darwin Insights into the History of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-hand from Henry J. Quayle, an economic entomologist and director of the Citrus Experiment Station by the standard chemical treatment of hydrocyanic gas fumigation. Dobzhansky fur- ther noted that "careful Experiment Station were not the first to study insect resistance to insecticides. In 1897, an entomologist

317

Insight into Alzheimer's, cancer, anemia gleaned from ribosome...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

methane levels three times larger than expected over Four Corners region Probing Fukushima with cosmic rays should help speed cleanup of damaged plant Dark spaces could change...

318

Structural Insights into FeMo Cofactor Biosynthesis  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

biological process accounts for 50% of annual production and does not require the extremes of heat and pressure utilized by the industrial equivalent Haber-Bosch process-and...

319

Long-Term U.S. Energy Outlook: Different Perspectives  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Paul Holtberg, Moderator Paul Holtberg, Moderator April 26, 2011 | Washington, D.C. Long-Term U.S. Energy Outlook: Different Perspectives Speakers 2 Paul Holtberg, 2011 EIA Energy Conference Washington, D.C., April 26, 2011 * John Conti, Assistant Administrator of Energy Analysis, Energy Information Administration * Mark Finley, General Manager, Global Energy Markets and U.S. Economics, BP * Douglas Meade, Director of Research, INFORUM Forecasts/projections and uncertainty 3 Paul Holtberg, 2011 EIA Energy Conference Washington, D.C., April 26, 2011 * Forecast or projections? * Know your analyst * Tools * Uncertainty - Basic underlying trends (e.g., population growth, economic growth, social norms) - Technology (e.g., new technologies, improved technology, breakthroughs vs. evolutionary, new applications)

320

To Recycle or Not to Recycle: That Is the Question - Insights from Life-Cycle Analysis  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

MRS BULLETIN MRS BULLETIN * VOLUME 37 * APRIL 2012 * www.mrs.org/bulletin © 2012 Materials Research Society MANUFACTURING * RECYCLING Why recycle? The most commonly stated reason for recycling is to reduce burdens associated with the disposal of our never-ending stream of wastes. Waste disposal potentially causes air and water pollution and is costly; moreover, landfi lls compete with other land uses. In addition, recycling can extend our supply of materials to alleviate scarcity and to moderate rising prices of raw materials. Furthermore, recycling is often more environmentally benign than using virgin raw materials and can reduce energy use and emissions of greenhouse gases and other pollutants. Life-cycle analysis Despite these positive attributes, not all recycling processes

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "insight inforum interindustry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

INSIGHTS FROM LABORATORY AND AIRBORNE BRDF MEASUREMENTS FOR SATELLITE REMOTE SENSING  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Aerosols and Aerosols and Surface Optical Properties from Airborne Spectral Measurements of Directional Reflectance C.K.Gatebe 1,2 & M.D. King, 2,3 Collaborators: O. Dubovik, 4 A.Sinyuk, 2,5 P. Russell, 6 J. Redemann 6 Acknowledgements: G.T. Arnold (SSAI & GSFC) Gala Wind (SSAI & GSFC) Rajesh Poudyal (SSAI & GSFC) Hal Maring & Andy Roberts (NASA HQ) 1 University of Maryland, Baltimore County 2 NASA Goddard Space Flight Center 3 University of Colorado 4 Laboratoire d'Optique Atmosphérique 5 Science Systems and Applications Inc. 6 NASA Ames Research Center Background: CAR Airborne Platforms 1998-2008 NASA P-3B Convair CV-580 Aerocommander 690A Jetstream-31 AATS SSFR/BBR SSFR CAR The NASA P-3B 2008 BBR CAR Time CAR Quicklook Image 2008 http://car.gsfc.nasa.gov/data/ BRDF Measurements

322

Energy, the Environment and Behaviour Change: A survey of insights from behavioural economics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

motivations drive people towards energy conservation. Similarly Black et al. (1985) analysed the behaviour of 478 residential customers in 1980 focussing on the interactions between contextual variables, including demographic, economic and structural factors... articles. The publicity treatment had a significant, positive effect with each homeowner saving on average 422 cubic feet of natural gas, equivalent to first month savings of 12.2% in gas con- sumption. But the most interesting result occurred when...

Baddeley, Michelle

323

Thunderstorm lightning and radar characteristics: insights on electrification and severe weather forecasting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, shows that LDAR II lightning source heights (quartile, median, and 95th percentile heights) increased as the storms intensified. Most of the total lightning occurred where reflectivity cores extended upwards and within regions of reflectivity gradient...

Steiger, Scott Michael

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

324

Metagenomic Insights into Evolution of a Heavy Metal-Contaminated Groundwater Microbial Community  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

acetone). Finally, toxic heavy metal stress has resulted inby exporting toxic organics from the cell. (iv) Heavy metalheavy metal ions are relatively simple, typically involving: (a) conversion of the ion to a less toxic

Hemme, Christopher L.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Electric field induced structuring in clayoil suspensions: new insights from WAXS, SEM,  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The electric field induced structuring in clayoil suspensions has been studied by means of wide angle x-ray scattering (WAXS), rheometry, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), as well as leak current density and dielectric constant measurements. The clay particles' orientation distribution was inferred from the azimuthal changes of the clay diffraction peak intensity. The angular width of that distribution was quantified through an orientational order parameter. Chain and column formation processes were distinguished by comparison of the time evolution of the diffraction peak amplitude with that of the current density. Leak current density was measured for different electric field strengths E and clay particle concentrations ?. The following scaling relation was found: . In addition, the dependence of the yield stress on the electric field and on the particle concentration was measured and shown to scale as: .

Z Rozynek; K D Knudsen; J O Fossum; Y Mheust; B Wang; M Zhou

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Dissecting the Effect of Morphology on the Rates of Singlet Fission: Insights from Theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

California, Los Angeles, California 90089-0482, United States Department of Chemistry, Rice University in the context of organic solar cell technology.1,2 Although the phenomenon has been known for quite some time,3

Krylov, Anna I.

327

A Korarchael Genome Reveals Insights into the Evolution of the Archaea  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The candidate division Korarchaeota comprises a group of uncultivated microorganisms that, by their small subunit rRNA phylogeny, may have diverged early from the major archaeal phyla Crenarchaeota and Euryarchaeota. Here, we report the initial characterization of a member of the Korarchaeota with the proposed name, ?Candidatus Korarchaeum cryptofilum,? which exhibits an ultrathin filamentous morphology. To investigate possible ancestral relationships between deep-branching Korarchaeota and other phyla, we used whole-genome shotgun sequencing to construct a complete composite korarchaeal genome from enriched cells. The genome was assembled into a single contig 1.59 Mb in length with a G + C content of 49percent. Of the 1,617 predicted protein-coding genes, 1,382 (85percent) could be assigned to a revised set of archaeal Clusters of Orthologous Groups (COGs). The predicted gene functions suggest that the organism relies on a simple mode of peptide fermentation for carbon and energy and lacks the ability to synthesize de novo purines, CoA, and several other cofactors. Phylogenetic analyses based on conserved single genes and concatenated protein sequences positioned the korarchaeote as a deep archaeal lineage with an apparent affinity to the Crenarchaeota. However, the predicted gene content revealed that several conserved cellular systems, such as cell division, DNA replication, and tRNA maturation, resemble the counterparts in the Euryarchaeota. In light of the known composition of archaeal genomes, the Korarchaeota might have retained a set of cellular features that represents the ancestral archaeal form.

Lapidus, Alla; Elkins, James G.; Podar, Mircea; Graham, David E.; Makarova, Kira S.; Wolf, Yuri; Randau, Lennart; Hedlund, Brian P.; Brochier-Armanet, Celine; Kunin, Victor; Anderson, Iain; Lapidus, Alla; Goltsman, Eugene; Barry, Kerrie; Koonin, Eugene V.; Hugenholtz, Phil; Kyrpides, Nikos; Wanner, Gerhard; Richardson, Paul; Keller, Martin; Stetter, Karl O.

2008-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

328

A korarchaeal genome reveals insights into the evolution of the Archaea  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The candidate division Korarchaeota comprises a group of uncultivated microorganisms that, by their small subunit rRNA phylogeny, may have diverged early from the major archaeal phyla Crenarchaeota and Euryarchaeota. Here, we report the initial characterization of a member of the Korarchaeota with the proposed name,"Candidatus Korarchaeum cryptofilum," which exhibits an ultrathin filamentous morphology. To investigate possible ancestral relationships between deep-branching Korarchaeota and other phyla, we used whole-genome shotgun sequencing to construct a complete composite korarchaeal genome from enriched cells. The genome was assembled into a single contig 1.59 Mb in length with a G + C content of 49percent. Of the 1,617 predicted protein-coding genes, 1,382 (85percent) could be assigned to a revised set of archaeal Clusters of Orthologous Groups (COGs). The predicted gene functions suggest that the organism relies on a simple mode of peptide fermentation for carbon and energy and lacks the ability to synthesize de novo purines, CoA, and several other cofactors. Phylogenetic analyses based on conserved single genes and concatenated protein sequences positioned the korarchaeote as a deep archaeal lineage with an apparent affinity to the Crenarchaeota. However, the predicted gene content revealed that several conserved cellular systems, such as cell division, DNA replication, and tRNA maturation, resemble the counterparts in the Euryarchaeota. In light of the known composition of archaeal genomes, the Korarchaeota might have retained a set of cellular features that represents the ancestral archaeal form.

Anderson, Iain J; Elkins, James G.; Podar, Mircea; Graham, David E.; Makarova, Kira S.; Wolf, Yuri; Randau, Lennart; Hedlund, Brian P.; Brochier-Armanet, Celine; Kunin, Victor; Anderson, Iain; Lapidus, Alla; Goltsman, Eugene; Barry, Kerrie; Koonin, Eugene V.; Hugenholtz, Phil; Kyrpides, Nikos; Wanner, Gerhard; Richardson, Paul; Keller, Martin; Stetter, Karl O.

2008-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

329

Insights into Industrial Energy Auditing from the EADC Program: An Academic Perspective  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

data from al1 years were treated e{jually and one cost/kWH was determined for each EADC. Once can see that a trip from the west coast (Oregon State) to the east coast (Rutgers) can leave a manufacturer with nearly a factor of two increase in cost... to the Database West Virginia University North Carolina State University U. of Arkansas - Little Rock San Francisco State University University of Maine 285 ESL-IE-93-03-39 Proceedings from the Fifteenth National Industrial Energy Technology Conference...

Muller, M. R.; Polomski, P. P.

330

Insights into the Maize Pan-Genome and Pan-Transcriptome  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Abecasis, G., and Durbin, R., 1000 Genome Project...Stoeckert, C.J., Jr, and Roos, D.S...Makarevitch, I. , Stupar, R.M., Iniguez, A.L...USA 110 : 5241-5246. McNally, K.L. , et al. (2009...V., and Rappuoli, R. (2005). The microbial...

Candice N. Hirsch; Jillian M. Foerster; James M. Johnson; Rajandeep S. Sekhon; German Muttoni; Brieanne Vaillancourt; Francisco Peñagaricano; Erika Lindquist; Mary Ann Pedraza; Kerrie Barry; Natalia de Leon; Shawn M. Kaeppler; C. Robin Buell

331

New insights into microbial responses to oil spills from the Deepwater Horizon incident  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sea in the Gulf of Mexico to oil emanating from the MacondoGulf of Mexico experiences multiple, natural, episodic oilGulf of Mexico experiences frequent, episodic, natural oil

Mason, O.U.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Kinetic Insights over a PEMFC Operating on Stationary and Oscillatory States  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) is an electrochemical device which couples two of the most studied electrochemical reactions: the hydrogen oxidation reaction (HOR) at the anode and the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) at the cathode, by means of the protonic conduction of Nafion (the polymer membrane electrolyte). ... A catalyst layer was prepared by brushing ink prepared by dispersing the catalysts with 0.96 mg cm2 of Nafion in a mixture of alcohols. ... We have studied this phenomenon in PEM fuel cells operating on H2 with Pt cathodes and Pt-Ru- or C-based anodes and have found that the steady-state multiplicity results from the significant dependence of the Nafion membrane cond. ...

Andressa Mota; Ernesto R. Gonzalez; Markus Eiswirth

2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

333

Insights into the regulation of apical fate in Arabidopsis thaliana embryogenesis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

71 Figure 3.9. Expression of SCR by inand SCRp::SCR 73 Figure 3.10.the full-length coding region. SCR, REV and WUS anti-sense

Hannon, Michael J.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Disaster policy and nuclear liability: Insights from post-Chernobyl agriculture in the United Kingdom  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The recent events at Chernobyl have again brought the issues of nuclear safety to the forefront of the nuclear power debate. Fortunately, our experience with such incidents has been very limited, but it is imp...

William A. Kerr; Adrienne S. Kwaczek; Sian Mooney

335

Proteomic Profile of Human Aortic Stenosis: Insights into the Degenerative Process  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This work was supported by grants from the Instituto de Salud Carlos III (FIS PI070537, PI080970), Fondo de Investigacin Sanitaria de Castilla la Mancha (FISCAM, PI2008/08), Fondo de Investigacin Sanitaria de Castilla la Mancha (FISCAM PI2008/28) and Fondos Feder-Redes Temticas de Investigacin Cooperativa (RD06/0014/1015). ... red, green, blue ...

Tatiana Martn-Rojas; Felix Gil-Dones; Luis F. Lopez-Almodovar; Luis R. Padial; Fernando Vivanco; Maria G. Barderas

2012-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

336

Insight into Organometallic Intermediate and Its Evolution to Covalent Bonding in Surface-Confined Ullmann Polymerization  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Centre nergie, Matriaux et Tlcommunications, Institut National de la Recherche Scientifique, 1650 Boulevard Lionel-Boulet, Varennes, QC J3X 1S2, Canada ... A combined study using scanning tunneling microscopy (STM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), low energy electron diffraction (LEED), near-edge X-ray absorption fine structure (NEXAFS) spectroscopy and first-principles calculations unveils the structural conformation of substrate-bound phenylene intermediates generated from 1,4-dibromobenzene precursors on Cu(110), showing the stabilizing role of the halogen. ...

Marco Di Giovannantonio; Mohamed El Garah; Josh Lipton-Duffin; Vincent Meunier; Luis Cardenas; Yannick Fagot Revurat; Albano Cossaro; Alberto Verdini; Dmitrii F. Perepichka; Federico Rosei; Giorgio Contini

2013-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

337

Genome sequence of Synechococcus CC9311: Insights into adaptation to a coastal environment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...protein Prochlorococcus marinus CCMP1375 0.00068 sync-1256 1135754 1135858 Hypothetical protein - - sync-1257 1136782 1136531 Hypothetical protein - - sync-1258 1137425 1137862 Staphylococcus nuclease Prochlorococcus marinus CCMP1986 1.6E-20 sync-1259...

Brian Palenik; Qinghu Ren; Chris L. Dupont; Garry S. Myers; John F. Heidelberg; Jonathan H. Badger; Ramana Madupu; William C. Nelson; Lauren M. Brinkac; Robert J. Dodson; A. Scott Durkin; Sean C. Daugherty; Stephen A. Sullivan; Hoda Khouri; Yasmin Mohamoud; Rebecca Halpin; Ian T. Paulsen

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Insights into relationships among rodent lineages based on mitochondrial genome sequence data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

et al. 1992; Luckett and Hartenberger 1993; Ma et al. 1993; Cao, Adachi, and Hasegawa 1994; Cao et al. 1994; Frye and Hedges 1995). Saccone and colleagues (D?Erchia et al. 1996; Reyes, Pesole, and Saccone 1998; Reyes et al. 2000), in particular..., have focused on the use of mitochondrial genome sequences to examine the issue of rodent monophyly, sparking further responses (Cao, Okada, and Hasegawa 1997; Sullivan and Swofford 1997; Huchon, Catzeflis, and Douzery 1999) and D?Erchia et al. (1996...

Frabotta, Laurence John

2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

339

Cough REVIEW Diagnosis and treatment of chronic cough in China: an insight into the status quo  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chronic cough is a very common complaint in clinics throughout China. Clinical and basic science research on chronic cough started late, but in recent years the effort has yielded promising findings regarding the etiological diagnosis, treatment and pathogenesis. We found that inflammation in nonasthmatic eosinophilic bronchitis has some similarities to cough variant asthma but also a number of distinct differences. Recent evidence has also suggested a mechanistic link between airway neurogenic inflammation and and gastroesophageal reflux cough (GERC). Cough-related animal models have been developed, including models for esophageal reflux, nonasthmatic eosinophilic bronchitis and allergic rhinitis. Normal reference values for differential cell counts in induced sputum, cough sensitivity and esophageal 24-h pH monitoring in Chinese healthy subjects have been established. By using a modified algorithm for the etiological diagnosis of chronic cough, the causes of chronic cough have been investigated across a number of cities in China. The most common causes of chronic cough are cough variant asthma, eosinophilic bronchitis, upper airway cough symptoms, atopic cough and GERC, however, there are some regional variations. The Chinese National Guidelines on Diagnosis and Management of Chronic Cough were drafted in 2005, updated in 2009, and have been widely publicized and disseminated through many channels since their publication.

Kefang Lai; Wei Luo; Guangqiao Zeng; Nanshan Zhong

340

Challenges of and Insights into Acid-Catalyzed Transformations of Sugars  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Stavros Caratzoulas received his Ph.D. in Chemical Physics in 1993 from Columbia University and is currently the Associate Director of Computational Chemistry at CCEI. ... Our focus is on the hydrolytic breakdown of lignocellulose into its building blocks and the subsequent upgrade of the sugars into intermediate versatile platforms, such as furfural and HMF, which can be converted to fuels and chemicals. ... Wang, T.; Nolte, M. W.; Shanks, B. H.Catalytic Dehydration of C6 Carbohydrates for the Production of Hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) as a Versatile Platform Chemical Green Chem. ...

Stavros Caratzoulas; Mark E. Davis; Raymond J. Gorte; Rajamani Gounder; Raul F. Lobo; Vladimiros Nikolakis; Stanley I. Sandler; Mark A. Snyder; Michael Tsapatsis; Dionisios G. Vlachos

2014-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "insight inforum interindustry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Whole-genome sequencing of cultivated and wild peppers provides insights into Capsicum domestication and specialization  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...lncRNAs in plants, such...nucleotide bias. Machine learning was used to...collected from plants at the full-bloom...56). The plant small RNA target...leucine-rich repeat, disease resistance...and these predictions were statistically...

Cheng Qin; Changshui Yu; Yaou Shen; Xiaodong Fang; Lang Chen; Jiumeng Min; Jiaowen Cheng; Shancen Zhao; Meng Xu; Yong Luo; Yulan Yang; Zhiming Wu; Likai Mao; Haiyang Wu; Changying Ling-Hu; Huangkai Zhou; Haijian Lin; Sandra Gonzlez-Morales; Diana L. Trejo-Saavedra; Hao Tian; Xin Tang; Maojun Zhao; Zhiyong Huang; Anwei Zhou; Xiaoming Yao; Junjie Cui; Wenqi Li; Zhe Chen; Yongqiang Feng; Yongchao Niu; Shimin Bi; Xiuwei Yang; Weipeng Li; Huimin Cai; Xirong Luo; Salvador Montes-Hernndez; Marco A. Leyva-Gonzlez; Zhiqiang Xiong; Xiujing He; Lijun Bai; Shu Tan; Xiangqun Tang; Dan Liu; Jinwen Liu; Shangxing Zhang; Maoshan Chen; Lu Zhang; Li Zhang; Yinchao Zhang; Weiqin Liao; Yan Zhang; Min Wang; Xiaodan Lv; Bo Wen; Hongjun Liu; Hemi Luan; Yonggang Zhang; Shuang Yang; Xiaodian Wang; Jiaohui Xu; Xueqin Li; Shuaicheng Li; Junyi Wang; Alain Palloix; Paul W. Bosland; Yingrui Li; Anders Krogh; Rafael F. Rivera-Bustamante; Luis Herrera-Estrella; Ye Yin; Jiping Yu; Kailin Hu; Zhiming Zhang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Cryo-electron tomography of mouse hepatitis virus: Insights into the structure of the coronavirion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...envelope, giving the virions a solar image to which coronaviruses...of CoVs has been the main obstacle to clarifying details...with a Gatan post-column energy filter and a 2k 2k CCD camera (Gatan). Zero-energy loss imaging was used to...

Montserrat Brcena; Gert T. Oostergetel; Willem Bartelink; Frank G. A. Faas; Arie Verkleij; Peter J. M. Rottier; Abraham J. Koster; Berend Jan Bosch

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

trans-Protease Activity and Structural Insights into the Active Form of the Alphavirus Capsid Protease  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Protein Interfaces, Surfaces and Assemblies) web server was used (34). Protein structure...using the CONTIN method on the Dichroweb web server. The deconvolution of data for AVCPdelta2...AVCPdelta2 as calculated using the PISA web server was found to be 375 a2, comprising...

Megha Aggarwal; Sonali Dhindwal; Pravindra Kumar; Richard J. Kuhn; Shailly Tomar

2014-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

344

Extracellular matrix control of mammary gland morphogenesis and tumorigenesis: insights from imaging  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The extracellular matrix (ECM), once thought to solely provide physical support to a tissue, is a key component of a cell's microenvironment responsible for directing cell fate and maintaining tissue specificity. It stands to reason, then, that changes in the ECM itself or in how signals from the ECM are presented to or interpreted by cells can disrupt tissue organization; the latter is a necessary step for malignant progression. In this review, we elaborate on this concept using the mammary gland as an example. We describe how the ECM directs mammary gland formation and function, and discuss how a cell's inability to interpret these signals - whether as a result of genetic insults or physicochemical alterations in the ECM - disorganizes the gland and promotes malignancy. By restoring context and forcing cells to properly interpret these native signals, aberrant behavior can be quelled and organization re-established. Traditional imaging approaches have been a key complement to the standard biochemical, molecular, and cell biology approaches used in these studies. Utilizing imaging modalities with enhanced spatial resolution in live tissues may uncover additional means by which the ECM regulates tissue structure, on different length scales, through its pericellular organization (short-scale) and by biasing morphogenic and morphostatic gradients (long-scale).

Ghajar, Cyrus M; Bissell, Mina J

2008-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

345

Formation of bands and ridges on Europa by cyclic deformation: Insights from analogue wax experiments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, California, USA Antoine Sinton Departement des Sciences de la Matiere, Ecole Normale Superieure, Lyon, France); KEYWORDS: Europa, ridges, tidal deformation Citation: Manga, M., and A. Sinton (2004), Formation of bands

Manga, Michael

346

Functional Proteomic And Structural Insights Into Molecular Recognition in the Nitrilase Family Enzymes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nitrilases are a large and diverse family of nonpeptidic C-N hydrolases. The mammalian genome encodes eight nitrilase enzymes, several of which remain poorly characterized. Prominent among these are nitrilase-1 (Nit1) and nitrilase-2 (Nit2), which, despite having been shown to exert effects on cell growth and possibly serving as tumor suppressor genes, are without known substrates or selective inhibitors. In previous studies, we identified several nitrilases, including Nit1 and Nit2, as targets for dipeptide-chloroacetamide activity-based proteomics probes. Here, we have used these probes, in combination with high-resolution crystallography and molecular modeling, to systematically map the active site of Nit2 and identify residues involved in molecular recognition. We report the 1.4 {angstrom} crystal structure of mouse Nit2 and use this structure to identify residues that discriminate probe labeling between the Nit1 and Nit2 enzymes. Interestingly, some of these residues are conserved across all vertebrate Nit2 enzymes and, conversely, not found in any vertebrate Nit1 enzymes, suggesting that they are key discriminators of molecular recognition between these otherwise highly homologous enzymes. Our findings thus point to a limited set of active site residues that establish distinct patterns of molecular recognition among nitrilases and provide chemical probes to selectively perturb the function of these enzymes in biological systems.

Barglow, K.T.; Saikatendu, K.; Bracey, M.H.; Huey, R.; Morris, G.M.; Olson, A.J.; Stevens, R.C.; Cravatt, B.F.

2009-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

347

Structural Insights to How Mammalian Capping Enzyme Reads the CTD Code  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Physical interaction between the phosphorylated RNA polymerase II carboxyl-terminal domain (CTD) and cellular capping enzymes is required for efficient formation of the 5' mRNA cap, the first modification of nascent mRNA. Here, we report the crystal structure of the RNA guanylyltransferase component of mammalian capping enzyme (Mce) bound to a CTD phosphopeptide. The CTD adopts an extended {beta}-like conformation that docks Tyr1 and Ser5-PO{sub 4} onto the Mce nucleotidyltransferase domain. Structure-guided mutational analysis verified that the Mce-CTD interface is a tunable determinant of CTD binding and stimulation of guanylyltransferase activity, and of Mce function in vivo. The location and composition of the CTD binding site on mammalian capping enzyme is distinct from that of a yeast capping enzyme that recognizes the same CTD primary structure. Thus, capping enzymes from different taxa have evolved different strategies to read the CTD code.

Ghosh, Agnidipta; Shuman, Stewart; Lima, Christopher D. (SKI)

2012-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

348

Applicability of InSAR to tropical volcanoes: insights from Central America  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. BIGGS2,3, T. A. MATHER1 & F. AMELUNG3 1 COMET+, Department of Earth Sciences, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3AN, UK 2 COMET+, School of Earth Sciences, University of Bristol, Wills Evergreen broadleaf vegetation dominates. Land-use classification is a better predictor of decorrelation

Amelung, Falk

349

Lunar meteorites: new insights into the geological history of the Moon  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......subsequently shown that many of these landing sites actually sampled a geochemically...Apollo and Luna sample-return landing sites on the central nearside...by impacting asteroids and comets that formed large basins 300...reflectance of the Apollo and Luna landing sites as a ground truth calibration......

Katherine H Joy; Tomoko Arai

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Optimized multicomponent vs. classical geothermometry: Insights from modeling studies at the Dixie Valley geothermal area  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A new geothermometry approach is explored, incorporating multicomponent geothermometry coupled with numerical optimization to provide more confident estimates of geothermal reservoir temperatures when results of classical geothermometers are inconsistent. This approach is applied to geothermal well and spring waters from the Dixie Valley geothermal area (Nevada), to evaluate the influence of salt brines mixing and dilution of geothermal fluids on calculated temperatures. The main advantage of the optimized multicomponent method over classical geothermometers is its ability to quantify the extent of dilution and gas loss experienced by a geothermal fluid, and to optimize other poorly constrained or unknown parameters (such as Al and Mg concentrations), allowing the reconstruction of the deep reservoir fluid composition and therefore gaining confidence in reservoir temperatures estimations. Because the chemical evolution of deep geothermal fluids is a combination of multiple time-dependent processes that take place when these fluids ascend to the surface, reactive transport modeling is used to assess constraints on the application of solute geothermometers. Simulation results reveal that Al and Mg concentrations of ascending fluids are sensitive to mineral precipitationdissolution affecting reservoir temperatures inferred with multicomponent geothermometry. In contrast, simulations show that the concentrations of major elements such as Na, K, and SiO2 are less sensitive to re-equilibration. Geothermometers based on these elements give reasonable reservoir temperatures in many cases, except when dilution or mixing with saline waters has taken place. Optimized multicomponent geothermometry yields more representative temperatures for such cases. Taking into account differences in estimated temperatures, and chemical compositions of the Dixie Valley thermal waters, a conceptual model of two main geothermal reservoirs is proposed. The first reservoir is located along the Stillwater range normal fault system and has an estimated temperature of 240260C. It covers the area corresponding to the geothermal field but could extend towards the south-west where deep temperatures of 200225C are estimated. The second reservoir has an estimated temperature of 175190C and extends from well 62-21 to northeastern Hyder, Lower Ranch, Fault Line, and Jersey springs.

L. Peiffer; C. Wanner; N. Spycher; E.L. Sonnenthal; B.M. Kennedy; J. Iovenitti

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Insights into breast cancer: New familial patterns and identification of a potential predictive marker.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The last proportion of heredity in breast cancer has proven to be somewhat elusive despite massive attempts to identify the associated factors. Approximately 50 percent (more)

Ellberg, Carolina

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

IAA17/AXR3: Biochemical Insight into an Auxin Mutant Phenotype  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...METHODS Plant Treatments Surface-sterilized...100 rpm. After treatment, the tissue was...precipitation, dialysis against 1 PBS...and finally with water. The epidermis...using a 3500 MWCO dialysis bag (Spectrum...was separated by electrophoresis, blotted onto...

François Ouellet; Paul J. Overvoorde; Athanasios Theologis

353

Dust-penetrated arm classes: insights from rising and falling rotation curves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

eds, Astrophysics and Space Science Library Vol. 209, Neweds, Astrophysics and Space Science Library Vol. 209, Neweds, Astrophysics and Space Science Library Vol. 209, New

Seigar, M S; Block, D L; Puerari, I; Chorney, N E; James, P A

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

The Crystal Structure of Arabidopsis thaliana Allene Oxide Cyclase: Insights into the Oxylipin Cyclization Reaction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...crystals, MAD data at the Se edge were collected at the European Synchroton Radiation Facility (Grenoble, France) on beamline ID13...Scherrer Institute (Villigen, Switzerland) and at the European Synchroton Radiation Facility, Beamline ID13.1 (Grenoble, France...

Eckhard Hofmann; Philipp Zerbe; Florian Schaller

2006-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

355

XPD Helicase Structures and Activities: Insights into the Cancer and Aging Phenotypes from XPD Mutations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Mutations in XPD helicase, required for nucleotide excision repair (NER) as part of the transcription/repair complex TFIIH, cause three distinct phenotypes: cancer-prone xeroderma pigmentosum (XP), or aging disorders Cockayne syndrome (CS), and trichothiodystrophy (TTD). To clarify molecular differences underlying these diseases, we determined crystal structures of the XPD catalytic core from Sulfolobus acidocaldarius and measured mutant enzyme activities. Substrate-binding grooves separate adjacent Rad51/RecA-like helicase domains (HD1, HD2) and an arch formed by 4FeS and Arch domains. XP mutations map along the HD1 ATP-binding edge and HD2 DNA-binding channel and impair helicase activity essential for NER. XP/CS mutations both impair helicase activity and likely affect HD2 functional movement. TTD mutants lose or retain helicase activity but map to sites in all four domains expected to cause framework defects impacting TFIIH integrity. These results provide a foundation for understanding disease consequences of mutations in XPD and related 4Fe-4S helicases including FancJ.

Tainer, John; Fan, Li; Fuss, Jill O.; Cheng, Quen J.; Arvai, Andrew S.; Hammel, Michal; Roberts, Victoria A.; Cooper, Priscilla K.; Tainer, John A.

2008-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

356

Research news sidebar: Farm Smart offers hands-on experience, insight into where food comes from  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

resources in the Imperial Valley, including agriculture.from cold climates to the Imperial Valley. Called the Winter

Meadows, Robin

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

New Insights into the Spinal Recurrent Inhibitory Pathway Normally and After Motoneuron Regeneration.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Despite more than seven decades of intensive research, uncertainty is the hallmark of spinal recurrent inhibition. The simplest possible structure that is formed between the (more)

Obeidat, Ahmed Zayed

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Game Theoretical Insights in Strategic Patrolling: Model and Algorithm in Normal-Form  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. In these situations a number of rational agents act strategically, being in competition, and their analysis is carried out by employing game theoretical tools. One of the most challenging strategic interaction situation a model that is game theoretical satisfactory. Secondly, by exploit the game theoretical analysis

Gatti, Nicola

359

Uric Acid and Diet Insights into the Epidemic of Cardiovascular Disease  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Gout is the only enemy that I do not wish to have at my feet. Reverend Sydney Smith, 1841 Gout, a disease that has been known since antiquity, is an acute, often recurrent arthritis mediated by the crystallization of uric acid within the joints and typically associated with hyperuricemia. Described... Gout is the only enemy that I do not wish to have at my feet. Reverend Sydney Smith, 1841 Gout, a disease that has been known since antiquity, is an acute, often recurrent arthritis mediated by the crystallization of uric acid within the joints and ...

Johnson R.J.; Rideout B.A.

2004-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

360

insight review articles NATURE | VOL 418 | 8 AUGUST 2002 | www.nature.com/nature 671  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, the development of sustainable agriculture must accompany advances in the sustainability of energy use practices, and such an accounting must become the basis of policy, ethics and action. Additionally

Minnesota, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "insight inforum interindustry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

New insight into the shape coexistence and shape evolution of {sup 157}Yb  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

High-spin states in {sup 157}Yb have been populated in the {sup 144}Sm({sup 16}O,3n){sup 157}Yb fusion-evaporation reaction at a beam energy of 85 MeV. Two rotational bands built on the {nu}f{sub 7/2} and {nu}h{sub 9/2} intrinsic states, respectively, have been established for the first time. The newly observed {nu}f{sub 7/2} band and previously known {nu}i{sub 13/2} band in {sup 157}Yb are discussed in terms of total Routhian surface methods and compared with the structures in the neighboring N = 87 isotones. The structural characters observed in {sup 157}Yb provide evidence for shape coexistence of three distinct shapes: prolate, triaxial, and oblate. At higher spins, both the {nu}f{sub 7/2} band and {nu}i{sub 13/2} band in {sup 157}Yb undergo a shape evolution with sizable alignments occurring.

Xu, C.; Hua, H.; Li, X. Q.; Meng, J.; Li, Z. H.; Xu, F. R.; Shi, Y.; Liu, H. L.; Zhang, S. Q.; Ye, Y. L.; Jiang, D. X.; Zheng, T.; Lou, J. L.; Ma, L. Y.; Wang, E. H.; Cheng, Y. Y.; He, C. [School of Physics and State Key Laboratory of Nuclear Physics and Technology, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Li, Z. Y. [College of Nuclear Science and Technology, Harbin Engineering University, Harbin 150001 (China); Zhu, L. H.; Wu, X. G. [China Institute of Atomic Energy, Beijing 102413 (China)

2011-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

362

Comparative genomics of Ceriporiopsis subvermispora and Phanerochaete chrysosporium provide insight into selective ligninolysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Efficient lignin depolymerization is unique to the wood decay basidiomycetes, collectively referred to as white rot fungi. Phanerochaete chrysosporium simultaneously degrades lignin and cellulose, whereas the closely related species, Ceriporiopsis subvermispora, also depolymerizes lignin but may do so with relatively little cellulose degradation. To investigate the basis for selective ligninolysis, we conducted comparative genome analysis of C. subvermispora and P. chrysosporium. Genes encoding manganese peroxidase numbered 13 and five in C. subvermispora and P. chrysosporium, respectively. In addition, the C. subvermispora genome contains at least seven genes predicted to encode laccases, whereas the P. chrysosporium genome contains none. We also observed expansion of the number of C. subvermispora desaturase-encoding genes putatively involved in lipid metabolism. Microarray-based transcriptome analysis showed substantial up-regulation of several desaturase and MnP genes in wood-containing medium. MS identified MnP proteins in C. subvermispora culture filtrates, but none in P. chrysosporium cultures. These results support the importance of MnP and a lignin degradation mechanism whereby cleavage of the dominant nonphenolic structures is mediated by lipid peroxidation products. Two C. subvermispora genes were predicted to encode peroxidases structurally similar to P. chrysosporium lignin peroxidase and, following heterologous expression in Escherichia coli, the enzymes were shown to oxidize high redox potential substrates, but not Mn2. Apart from oxidative lignin degradation, we also examined cellulolytic and hemicellulolytic systems in both fungi. In summary, the C. subvermispora genetic inventory and expression patterns exhibit increased oxidoreductase potential and diminished cellulolytic capability relative to P. chrysosporium.

Fernandez-Fueyo, Elena; Ruiz-Duenas, Francisco J.; Ferreira, Patrica; Floudas, Dimitrios; HIbbett, David S.; Canessa, Paulo; Larrondo, Luis F.; James, Tim Y.; Seelenfreund, Daniela; Lobos, Sergio; Polanco, Ruben; Tello, Mario; Honda, Yoichi; Watanabe, Takahito; Watanabe, Takashi; Ryu, Jae San; Kubicek, Christian P.; Schmoll, Monika; Gaskell, Jill; Hammel, Kenneth E.; St. John, Franz J.; Vanden Wymelenberg, Amber; Sabat, Grzegorz; Splinter BonDurant, Sandra; Syed, Khajamohiddin; Yadav, Jagjit S.; Doddapaneni, Harshavardhan; Subramanian, Venkataramanan; Lavin, Jose L.; Oguiza, Jose A.; Perez, Gumer; Pisabarro, Antonio G.; Ramirez, Lucia; Santoyo, Francisco; Master, Emma; Coutinho, Pedro M.; Henrissat, Bernard; Lombard, Vincent; Magnuson, Jon Karl; Kues, Ursula; Hori, Chiaki; Igarashi, Kiyohiko; Samejima, Masahiro; Held, Benjamin W.; Barry, Kerrie W.; LaButti, Kurt M.; Lapidus, Alla; Lindquist, Erika A.; Lucas, Susan M.; Riley, Robert; Salamov, Asaf A.; Hoffmeister, Dirk; Schwenk, Daniel; Hadar, Yitzhak; Yarden, Oded; de Vries, Ronald P.; Wiebenga, Ad; Stenlid, Jan; Eastwood, Daniel; Grigoriev, Igor V.; Berka, Randy M.; Blanchette, Robert A.; Kersten, Phil; Martinez, Angel T.; Vicuna, Rafael; Cullen, Dan

2011-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

363

Physical insight into switchgrass dissolution in the ionic liquid 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium acetate  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Small-angle neutron scattering was used to characterize solutions of switchgrass and the constituent biopolymers cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin, as well as a physical mixture of them mimicking the composition of switchgrass, dissolved in the ionic liquid (IL) 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium acetate. The results demonstrate that the IL dissolves the cellulose fibrils of switchgrass, although a supramolecular biopolymer network remains that is not present in solutions of the individual biopolymers and that does not self-assemble in a solution containing the physical mixture of the individual biopolymers. The persistence of a network-like structure indicates that dissolving switchgrass in the IL does not disrupt all of the physical entanglements and covalent linkages between the biopolymers created during plant growth. Reconstitution of the IL-dissolved switchgrass yields carbohydrate-rich material containing cellulose with a low degree of crystallinity, as determined by powder X-ray diffraction, which impacts potential down-stream uses of the biopolymers produced by the process. The data suggests that the use of chemical additives which would break bonds that exist between the lignin and hemicellulose might improve the purity of the resulting product, but may not be able to disrupt the highly physically-entangled biopolymer network sufficiently to facilitate their separation.

Wang, Hui [University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa] [University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa; Gurau, Gabriela [University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa] [University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa; Pingali, Sai Venkatesh [ORNL] [ORNL; O'Neil, Hugh [ORNL] [ORNL; Evans, Barbara R [ORNL] [ORNL; Urban, Volker S [ORNL] [ORNL; Heller, William T [ORNL] [ORNL; Rogers, Robin D [University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa] [University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Fish species introductions provide novel insights into the patterns and drivers of phylogenetic structure in freshwaters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...contributing area (e.g. Lower Colorado, Lower Gila) suggest that...significantly greater in the Lower Colorado and Lower Gila sub-basins compared with the Colorado sub-basin (t-test...introduced as sport fish into western waterways (e.g. centrarchids...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Insights from EMF Associated Agricultural and Forestry Greenhouse Gas Mitigation Studies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Integrated assessment modeling (IAM) as employed by the Energy Modeling Forum (EMF) generally involves a multi-sector appraisal of greenhouse gas emission (GHGE) mitigation alternatives and climate change effects typically at the global level. Such a multi-sector evaluation encompasses potential climate change effects and mitigative actions within the agricultural and forestry (AF) sectors. In comparison with many of the other sectors covered by IAM, the AF sectors may require somewhat different treatment due to their critical dependence upon spatially and temporally varying resource and climatic conditions. In particular, in large countries like the United States, forest production conditions vary dramatically across the landscape. For example, some areas in the southern US present conditions favorable to production of fast growing, heat tolerant pine species, while more northern regions often favor slower-growing hardwood and softwood species. Moreover, some lands are currently not suitable for forest production (e.g., the arid western plains). Similarly, in agriculture, the US has areas where citrus and cotton can be grown and other areas where barley and wheat are more suitable. This diversity across the landscape causes differential GHGE mitigation potential in the face of climatic changes and/or responses to policy or price incentives. It is difficult for a reasonably sized global IAM system to reflect the full range of sub-national geographic AF production possibilities alluded to above. AF response in the face of climate change altered temperature precipitation regimes or mitigation incentives will likely involve region-specific shifts in land use and agricultural/forest production. This chapter addresses AF sectoral responses in climate change mitigation analysis. Specifically, we draw upon US-based studies of AF GHGE mitigation possibilities that incorporate sub-national detail drawing largely on a body of studies done by the authors in association with EMF activities. We discuss characteristics of AF sectoral responses that could be incorporated in future IAM efforts in climate change policy.

McCarl, Bruce A.; Murray, Brian; Kim, Man-Keun; Lee, Heng-Chi; Sands, Ronald D.; Schneider, Uwe

2007-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

366

Magneto-seismological insights into the penumbral chromosphere and evidence for wave damping in spicules  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The observation of propagating magneto-hydrodynamic kink waves in magnetic structures and measurement of their properties (amplitude, phase speed) can be used to diagnose the plasma conditions in the neighbourhood of the magnetic structure via magneto-seismology (MS). We aim to reveal properties of the chromosphere/Transition Region above the sunspot penumbra using this technique. Hinode observed a sunspot as it was crossing the limb, providing a unique side on view of the sunspot atmosphere. The presence of large spicule-like jets is evident in \\ion{Ca}{II} H images. The jets are found to support transverse wave motions that displace the central axis, which can be interpreted as a kink wave. The properties of a wave event are measured and used to determine the magnetic and density stratification along the structure. We also measure the width of the spicule and the intensity profile along the structure. The measured wave properties reveal an initial rapid increase in amplitude with height above the solar surf...

Morton, R J

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Tomato-Potato Aphid Interactions: Insights into Plant Defense and the Aphid Pest  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

transcription factor genes in canola (Brassica napus L. ) inMangelsen et al. 2008) and canola (Brassica napus) (Yang ettranscription factor genes in canola (Brassica napus L. ) in

Atamian, Hagop Sarkis

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

The Crystal Structure of Arabidopsis thaliana Allene Oxide Cyclase: Insights into the Oxylipin Cyclization Reaction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...which is cyclized by allene oxide cyclase (AOC) to the first cyclic and biologically active...that this cyclization reaction is catalyzed by AOC, a soluble enzyme in maize (Zea mays). AOC was subsequently purified as an apparent dimer...

Eckhard Hofmann; Philipp Zerbe; Florian Schaller

2006-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

369

Ongoing Formation of Bulges and Black Holes in the Local Universe: New Insights from GALEX  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We analyze a volume-limited sample of massive bulge-dominated galaxies with data from both the Sloan Digital Sky Survey and the Galaxy Evolution Explorer (GALEX) satellite. The galaxies have central velocity dispersions greater than 100 km/s and stellar surface mass densities that lie above the value where galaxies transition from actively star forming to passive systems. The sample is limited to redshifts 0.03

Guinevere Kauffmann; Timothy M. Heckman; Tamas Budavari; Stephane Charlot; Charles G. Hoopes; D. Christopher Martin; Mark Seibert; Tom A. Barlow; Luciana Bianchi; Tim Conrow; Jose Donas; Karl Forster; Peter G. Friedman; Young-Wook Lee; Barry F. Madore; Bruno Milliard; Patrick F. Morrissey; Susan G. Neff; R. Michael Rich; David Schiminovich; Todd Small; Alex S. Szalay; Ted K. Wyder; S. K. Yi

2006-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

370

New insights into microbial responses to oil spills from the Deepwater Horizon incident  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sea in the Gulf of Mexico to oil emanating from the MacondoPhotos of the oil spill from the Gulf of Mexico. Figure 3.Gulf of Mexico experiences multiple, natural, episodic oil

Mason, O.U.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Analysis of pluripotent mouse stem cell proteomes : insights into post- transcriptional regulation of pluripotency and differentiation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

nuclear data. False discovery rate is reduced by removing single peptide identifications Measured FDR (%) FDR whole dataset

O'Brien, Robert Norman

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

A Minnesota Blizzard Provides Insight into Utility-Scale Wind Turbine Wakes  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Starting in 2012, researchers tried placing spotlights downwind from the 2.5-megawatt (MW) wind turbine in Rosemount, Minnesota. The research team was attempting to study turbulent airflow around a turbine in the field.

373

Hazard/Risk Assessment MULTIPLE STRESSORS AND COMPLEX LIFE CYCLES: INSIGHTS FROM A  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, USA kUniversity of Georgia, Savannah River Ecology Laboratory, Aiken, South Carolina, USA #Department to the habitat type (aquatic, terrestrial) and that operate at different times in the life cycle. We investigated

Hopkins, William A.

374

A korarchaeal genome reveals insights into the evolution of the Archaea  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...5-phosphate (23) and a standard pyrimidine biosynthetic pathway. However...collected using either 63 or 100 Plan Neofluar oil-immersion...The grid was stained with 2% uranium acetate and 0.01% glucose...Smith JJ, Cowan DA (2003) Review and re-analysis of domain-specific...

James G. Elkins; Mircea Podar; David E. Graham; Kira S. Makarova; Yuri Wolf; Lennart Randau; Brian P. Hedlund; Cline Brochier-Armanet; Victor Kunin; Iain Anderson; Alla Lapidus; Eugene Goltsman; Kerrie Barry; Eugene V. Koonin; Phil Hugenholtz; Nikos Kyrpides; Gerhard Wanner; Paul Richardson; Martin Keller; Karl O. Stetter

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Molecular genetic insights into deuterostome evolution from the direct-developing hemichordate Saccoglossus kowalevskii  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the adult body plan (Lowe Wray 1997...the adult body plans of chordates and...I will then review the current developmental...developmental regulatory cascades controlling...presented in this review reveal some critical...into the body plan of the deuterostome...homologous gene regulatory networks can be...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Embryology of the lamprey and evolution of the vertebrate jaw: insights from molecular and developmental perspectives  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...patterns of several regulatory genes, including...ectomesenchyme (for a review, see Le Douarin...exhibit similar body plans to that of vertebrates...embryonic body plan in which diplorhiny...represented one of such plans in the early vertebrate...genes (for a review, see Hall 1998...expression patterns of regulatory genes. Experimental...

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Genome sequence analysis of the model grass Brachypodium distachyon: insights into grass genome evolution  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Three subfamilies of grasses, the Erhardtoideae (rice), the Panicoideae (maize, sorghum, sugar cane and millet), and the Pooideae (wheat, barley and cool season forage grasses) provide the basis of human nutrition and are poised to become major sources of renewable energy. Here we describe the complete genome sequence of the wild grass Brachypodium distachyon (Brachypodium), the first member of the Pooideae subfamily to be completely sequenced. Comparison of the Brachypodium, rice and sorghum genomes reveals a precise sequence- based history of genome evolution across a broad diversity of the grass family and identifies nested insertions of whole chromosomes into centromeric regions as a predominant mechanism driving chromosome evolution in the grasses. The relatively compact genome of Brachypodium is maintained by a balance of retroelement replication and loss. The complete genome sequence of Brachypodium, coupled to its exceptional promise as a model system for grass research, will support the development of new energy and food crops

Schulman, Al

2009-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

378

Insight into an island radiation: the Tarentola geckos of the Cape Verde  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Raquel Vasconcelos1,2,3 , Salvador Carranza3 * and D. James Harris1,2 1 CIBIO, Centro de Investigac *Correspondence: Salvador Carranza, Institute of Evolutionary Biology (CSIC-UPF), Passeig Mari´tim de la Barceloneta, 37-49, E-08003 Barcelona, Spain. E-mail: salvador.carranza@ibe.upf-csic.es ABSTRACT Aim

Carranza, Salvador

379

Insights into the Origin, Emergence, and Current Spread of a Successful Russian Clone of Mycobacterium tuberculosis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...polymorphism pattern during the transmission of Mycobacterium tuberculosis...tuberculosis strains with different transmission dynamics. J. Infect. Dis...Gulag archipelago. Harper Row, New York, NY. 127. Perevedentsev...are associated with ongoing transmission. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother...

Igor Mokrousov

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Structural insights into WcbI, a novel polysaccharide-biosynthesis enzyme  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The structure of WcbI, a protein essential to the virulence of B. pseudomallei, reveals that this protein has a novel fold. WcbI binds strongly to coenzyme A, but appears to require an unidentified partner protein for its putative acetyltransferase function.

Vivoli, M.

2013-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "insight inforum interindustry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Ten years of probabilistic estimates of biocrystal solvent content: new insights via nonparametric kernel density estimate  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The widely used 2003 Matthews probability calculator predicting the most probable number of molecules in the asymmetric unit as a function of resolution has been updated with 2013 data, and a new parameter-free kernel density estimator has been implemented. Analysis of multiple parameters confirms that solvent content remains the primary and dominating parameter determining the diffraction limit (resolution) of protein crystals.

Weichenberger, C.X.

2014-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

382

Structural insight into activity enhancement and inhibition of H64A carbonic anhydrase II by imidazoles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Human carbonic anhydrases are zinc metalloenzymes that catalyze the hydration and dehydration of CO2 and HCO3-, respectively. X-ray crystal structures of a variant of human carbonic anhydrase II in complex with four imidazole derivatives (imidazole, 1-methylimidazole, 2-methylimidazole and 4-methylimidazole) have been determined in order to identify the binding sites for such compounds, and a mechanism to explain the effects on catalytic activity is proposed.

Aggarwal, M.

2014-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

383

Metagenomic insights into evolution of a heavy metal-contaminated groundwater microbial community  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Understanding adaptation of biological communities to environmental change is a central issue in ecology and evolution. Metagenomic analysis of a stressed groundwater microbial community reveals that prolonged exposure to high concentrations of heavy metals, nitric acid and organic solvents (~50 years) has resulted in a massive decrease in species and allelic diversity as well as a significant loss of metabolic diversity. Although the surviving microbial community possesses all metabolic pathways necessary for survival and growth in such an extreme environment, its structure is very simple, primarily composed of clonal denitrifying - and -proteobacterial populations. The resulting community is overabundant in key genes conferring resistance to specific stresses including nitrate, heavy metals and acetone. Evolutionary analysis indicates that lateral gene transfer could have a key function in rapid response and adaptation to environmental contamination. The results presented in this study have important implications in understanding, assessing and predicting the impacts of human-induced activities on microbial communities ranging from human health to agriculture to environmental management, and their responses to environmental changes.

Hemme, Christopher [University of Oklahoma; Deng, Ye [University of Oklahoma; Gentry, Terry [Texas A& M University; Fields, Matthew Wayne [Miami University, Oxford, OH; Wu, Liyou [University of Oklahoma, Norman; Barua, Soumitra [University of Oklahoma; Barry, Kerry [Joint Genome Institute; Green-Tringe, Susannah [Joint Genome Institute, Walnut Creek, California; Watson, David B [ORNL; He, Zhili [University of Oklahoma; Hazen, Terry [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL); Tiedje, James M. [Michigan State University, East Lansing; Rubin, Edward M. [Joint Genome Institute, Walnut Creek, California; Zhou, Jizhong [University of Oklahoma, Norman

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

E-Print Network 3.0 - agents mechanistic insight Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the foundation for moral agency in a ... Source: Bechtel, William - Department of Philosophy, University of California at San Diego Collection: Biology and Medicine ;...

385

The Physcomitrella Genome Reveals Evolutionary Insights into the Conquest of Land by Plants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Magill, Eds. (Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis, MO, 2004 ), pp. 3 12. 39 We thank K. Zhou and S. Pitluck at DOE Joint Genome Institute (JGI) for GenBank submissions and G. Werner and his group at JGI for support of gene annotation...

Stefan A. Rensing; Daniel Lang; Andreas D. Zimmer; Astrid Terry; Asaf Salamov; Harris Shapiro; Tomoaki Nishiyama; Pierre-Franois Perroud; Erika A. Lindquist; Yasuko Kamisugi; Takako Tanahashi; Keiko Sakakibara; Tomomichi Fujita; Kazuko Oishi; Tadasu Shin-I; Yoko Kuroki; Atsushi Toyoda; Yutaka Suzuki; Shin-ichi Hashimoto; Kazuo Yamaguchi; Sumio Sugano; Yuji Kohara; Asao Fujiyama; Aldwin Anterola; Setsuyuki Aoki; Neil Ashton; W. Brad Barbazuk; Elizabeth Barker; Jeffrey L. Bennetzen; Robert Blankenship; Sung Hyun Cho; Susan K. Dutcher; Mark Estelle; Jeffrey A. Fawcett; Heidrun Gundlach; Kousuke Hanada; Alexander Heyl; Karen A. Hicks; Jon Hughes; Martin Lohr; Klaus Mayer; Alexander Melkozernov; Takashi Murata; David R. Nelson; Birgit Pils; Michael Prigge; Bernd Reiss; Tanya Renner; Stephane Rombauts; Paul J. Rushton; Anton Sanderfoot; Gabriele Schween; Shin-Han Shiu; Kurt Stueber; Frederica L. Theodoulou; Hank Tu; Yves Van de Peer; Paul J. Verrier; Elizabeth Waters; Andrew Wood; Lixing Yang; David Cove; Andrew C. Cuming; Mitsuyasu Hasebe; Susan Lucas; Brent D. Mishler; Ralf Reski; Igor V. Grigoriev; Ralph S. Quatrano; Jeffrey L. Boore

2008-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

386

Deep-sea vent {epsilon}-proteobacterial genomes provide insights into emergence of pathogens  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...21) (A. Copeland, S. Lucas, A. Lapidus, K. Barry, J. C. Detter, T. Glavina, N. Hammon, S. Israni, S. Pitluck, P. Chain et al., http://genome.jgi-psf.org) (SI Fig. 6 and Table 1). One of the keys to surviving and thriving...

Satoshi Nakagawa; Yoshihiro Takaki; Shigeru Shimamura; Anna-Louise Reysenbach; Ken Takai; Koki Horikoshi

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

A Proposed Genus Boundary for the Prokaryotes Based on Genomic Insights  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Nolan, H Tice, C Han, JF Cheng, R Tapia, L Goodwin, S Pitluck, K Liolios, N Ivanova, K Mavromatis, N Mikhailova, A Pati...Hammon, S Deshpande, JF Cheng, R Tapia, LA Goodwin, S Pitluck, K Liolios, I Pagani, N Ivanova, K Mavromatis, N Mikhailova...

Qi-Long Qin; Bin-Bin Xie; Xi-Ying Zhang; Xiu-Lan Chen; Bai-Cheng Zhou; Jizhong Zhou; Aharon Oren; Yu-Zhong Zhang

2014-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

388

Contrasting spatial patterns of taxonomic and functional richness offer insights into potential loss of ecosystem services  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...species per cell per functional group; s.d., standard deviation in the number of species...functional group slope intercept r 2 mean s.d. n members seed dispersers 0.10 5.05...1007/s10980-006-9057-3 . Davic, R.D. 2003Linking keystone species and functional...

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Public Versus Private: Does It Matter for Water Conservation? Insights from California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

driver of water management was the environmental regulatorss Urban Water Sector. Environmental Management 41(6):863877Environmental Economics and Management 40(1):3755 Savedoff WD, Spiller PT (1999) Spilled water:

Kallis, Giorgos; Ray, Isha; Fulton, Julian; McMahon, James E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Public Versus Private: Does It Matter for Water Conservation? Insights from California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

driver of water management was the environmental regulatorsEnvironmental and Resource Economics Marvin S, Guy S (1997) Consuming water: evolving strategies of water managements Urban Water Sector. Environmental Management 41(6):863877

Kallis, Giorgos; Ray, Isha; Fulton, Julian; McMahon, James E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Insights Gained from Ultrasonic Testing of Piping Welds Subjected to the Mechanical Stress Improvement Process  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) is assisting the United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) in developing a position on the management of primary water stress corrosion cracking (PWSCC) in leak-before-break piping systems. Part of this involves determining whether inspections alone, or inspections plus mitigation, are needed. This work addresses the reliability of ultrasonic testing (UT) of cracks that have been mitigated by the mechanical stress improvement process (MSIP). The MSIP has been approved by the NRC (NUREG-0313) since 1986 and modifies residual stresses remaining after welding with compressive, or neutral, stresses near the inner diameter surface of the pipe. This compressive stress is thought to arrest existing cracks and inhibit new crack formation. To evaluate the effectiveness of the MSIP and the reliability of ultrasonic inspections, flaws were evaluated both before and after MSIP application. An initial investigation was based on data acquired from cracked areas in 325-mm-diameter piping at the Ignalina Nuclear Power Plant (INPP) in Lithuania. In a follow-on exercise, PNNL acquired and evaluated similar UT data from a dissimilar metal weld (DMW) specimen containing implanted thermal fatigue cracks. The DMW specimen is a carbon steel nozzle-to-safe end-to-stainless steel pipe section that simulates a pressurizer surge nozzle. The flaws were implanted in the nozzle-to-safe end Alloy 82/182 butter region. Results are presented on the effects of MSIP on specimen surfaces, and on UT flaw responses.

Anderson, Michael T.; Cinson, Anthony D.; Crawford, Susan L.; Diaz, Aaron A.; Moran, Traci L.

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

A SPITZER IRS SURVEY OF NGC 1333: INSIGHTS INTO DISK EVOLUTION FROM A VERY YOUNG CLUSTER  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report on the {lambda} = 5-36 {mu}m Spitzer Infrared Spectrograph (IRS) spectra of 79 young stellar objects in the very young nearby cluster NGC 1333. NGC 1333's youth enables the study of early protoplanetary disk properties, such as the degree of settling and the formation of gaps and clearings. We construct spectral energy distributions (SEDs) using our IRS data as well as published photometry and classify our sample into SED classes. Using 'extinction-free' spectral indices, we determine whether the disk, envelope, or photosphere dominates the spectrum. We analyze the dereddened spectra of objects that show disk-dominated emission using spectral indices and properties of silicate features in order to study the vertical and radial structure of protoplanetary disks in NGC 1333. At least nine objects in our sample of NGC 1333 show signs of large (several AU) radial gaps or clearings in their inner disk. Disks with radial gaps in NGC 1333 show more nearly pristine silicate dust than their radially continuous counterparts. We compare properties of disks in NGC 1333 to those in three other well-studied regions, Taurus-Auriga, Ophiuchus, and Chamaeleon I, and find no difference in their degree of sedimentation and dust processing.

Arnold, L. A.; Watson, Dan M.; Kim, K. H.; Manoj, P.; Remming, I.; Sheehan, P.; Forrest, W. J.; Mamajek, E. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY 14627 (United States); Adame, L.; McClure, M. [Department of Astronomy, University of Michigan, 500 Church Street, Dennison Building, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States); Furlan, E. [Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Mail Stop 264-723, 4800 Oak Grove Drive, Pasadena, CA 91109 (United States); Espaillat, C. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, MS-78, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Ausfeld, K.; Rapson, V. A., E-mail: laa@pas.rochester.edu, E-mail: dmw@pas.rochester.edu [Center for Imaging Science, Rochester Institute of Technology, 54 Lomb Memorial Drive, Rochester, NY 14623 (United States)

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Insights from Smart Meters: The Potential for Peak-Hour Savings from Behavior-Based Programs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2012. Evaluation, Measurement, and Verification (EM&V) of2012. Evaluation, Measurement, and Verification (EM&V) ofevaluation, measurement and verification (EM&V) of energy

Todd, Annika

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

SOLAR CYCLE PROPAGATION, MEMORY, AND PREDICTION: INSIGHTS FROM A CENTURY OF MAGNETIC PROXIES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The solar cycle and its associated magnetic activity are the main drivers behind changes in the interplanetary environment and Earth's upper atmosphere (commonly referred to as space weather). These changes have a direct impact on the lifetime of space-based assets and can create hazards to astronauts in space. In recent years there has been an effort to develop accurate solar cycle predictions (with aims at predicting the long-term evolution of space weather), leading to nearly a hundred widely spread predictions for the amplitude of solar cycle 24. A major contributor to the disagreement is the lack of direct long-term databases covering different components of the solar magnetic field (toroidal versus poloidal). Here, we use sunspot area and polar faculae measurements spanning a full century (as our toroidal and poloidal field proxies) to study solar cycle propagation, memory, and prediction. Our results substantiate predictions based on the polar magnetic fields, whereas we find sunspot area to be uncorrelated with cycle amplitude unless multiplied by area-weighted average tilt. This suggests that the joint assimilation of tilt and sunspot area is a better choice (with aims to cycle prediction) than sunspot area alone, and adds to the evidence in favor of active region emergence and decay as the main mechanism of poloidal field generation (i.e., the Babcock-Leighton mechanism). Finally, by looking at the correlation between our poloidal and toroidal proxies across multiple cycles, we find solar cycle memory to be limited to only one cycle.

Munoz-Jaramillo, Andres; DeLuca, Edward E. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Dasi-Espuig, Maria [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Sonnensystemforschung, D-37191 Katlenburg-Lindau (Germany); Balmaceda, Laura A., E-mail: amunoz@cfa.harvard.edu, E-mail: edeluca@cfa.harvard.edu, E-mail: dasi@mps.mpg.de, E-mail: lbalmaceda@icate-conicet.gob.ar [Institute for Astronomical, Terrestrial and Space Sciences (ICATE-CONICET), San Juan (Argentina)

2013-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

395

Insights and Opportunities: Technologies, Policies, and Markets for Clean Energy Solutions (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A presentation highlighting how strategic energy analysis can affect technologies, policies, and markets for clean energy solutions. This includes an overview of some of NREL's models and tools as well as results from laboratory analysis.

Arent, D.

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Insight into the Catalytic Mechanism of DNA Polymerase : Structures of Intermediate Complexes,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

enhance nucleo- tide incorporation fidelity, we have used Cr(III) ions to experimentally distinguish by the Department of Energy, Office of Basic Energy Sciences. The X4A beamline at the National Synchrotron Light Source, a Department of Energy facility, is supported by the Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Tsai, Ming-Daw

397

Learning to write in middle school? Insights into adolescent writers' instructional experiences across content areas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Journal, 110(4), 494518. Gr aham, S. , & Perin, D. (2007a).99(3), 445476. Gr aham, S. , & Perin, D. (2007b). What we

Lawrence, Joshua; Galloway, Emily; Yim, SooBin; Lin, Alex Romeo

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

New Insights Into the Role of Equine Infectious Anemia Virus S2 Protein in Disease Expression  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.6 Validation of TaqMan primer/probe sets and SYBR Green primers ......... 65 1 CHAPTER I AN INTRODUCTION TO EQUINE INFECTIOUS ANEMIA VIRUS, THE DISEASE AND THE S2 PROTEIN History Equine Infectious Anemia (EIA), also known as ?swamp fever.... Although other serologic and PCR based assays have been developed, the Coggins test is the international ?gold standard? procedure for routine testing of EIA (Cook et al., 2002; Issel and Cook, 1993; Nagarajan and Simard, 2001...

Covaleda Salas, Lina M.

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

399

Challenges in Biomarker Discovery: Combining Expert Insights with Statistical Analysis of Complex Omics Data  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The advent of high throughput technologies capable of comprehensive analysis of genes, transcripts, proteins and other significant biological molecules has provided an unprecedented opportunity for the identification of molecular markers of disease processes. However, it has simultaneously complicated the problem of extracting meaningful signatures of biological processes from these complex datasets. The process of biomarker discovery and characterization provides opportunities both for purely statistical and expert knowledge-based approaches and would benefit from improved integration of the two. Areas covered In this review we will present examples of current practices for biomarker discovery from complex omic datasets and the challenges that have been encountered. We will then present a high-level review of data-driven (statistical) and knowledge-based methods applied to biomarker discovery, highlighting some current efforts to combine the two distinct approaches. Expert opinion Effective, reproducible and objective tools for combining data-driven and knowledge-based approaches to biomarker discovery and characterization are key to future success in the biomarker field. We will describe our recommendations of possible approaches to this problem including metrics for the evaluation of biomarkers.

McDermott, Jason E.; Wang, Jing; Mitchell, Hugh D.; Webb-Robertson, Bobbie-Jo M.; Hafen, Ryan P.; Ramey, John A.; Rodland, Karin D.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Practical strategies and insights for expanding collaboration, attracting funding and driving research outcomes in a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

University (NTU), Singapore Dr Kenji Shibuya Professor and Chair, Department of Global Health Policy.45 OPENING KEYNOTE Establishing an effective performance measurement for tertiary research · Measuring Technological University (NTU), Singapore Professor Khor was the Director of Research at NTU (2004- 2008

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "insight inforum interindustry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

The mobile phone use in Mainland China: Some insights from an exploratory study in Beijing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

China is the primary market for the mobile phone (with almost 700 million of these devices) and one of the world's leading countries in ICT production. Inside Mainland China, the capital Beijing and the other coastal industrialized towns have been the ... Keywords: Beijing, China, Domestication, Mobile use, Practices of ICT use, Ritualization

Leopoldina Fortunati; Anna Maria Manganelli; Pui-lam Law; Shanhua Yang

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Russias R&D for Low Energy Buildings: Insights for Cooperation with Russia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Russian buildings, Russian buildings sector energy consumption. Russian government has made R&D investment a priority again. The government and private sector both invest in a range of building energy technologies. In particular, heating, ventilation and air conditioning, district heating, building envelope, and lighting have active technology research projects and programs in Russia.

Schaaf, Rebecca E.; Evans, Meredydd

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Carbon nanomaterial produced by microwave exfoliation of graphite oxide: new insights.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present detailed characterization of graphene-like material obtained through microwave stimulated exfoliation of graphite oxide (GO). Properties of this material were studied by multiple techniques including, among others, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, mass-spectroscopy, infrared and Raman spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy and broadband dielectric spectroscopy. Specific surface area and volume of microwave exfoliated graphite oxide reached 600 m2 g1 and 6 cm3 g1, respectively. It is shown that during such an explosive reduction process the sample emits CO2, CO and H2O and, in some cases, SO2 gases. The resulting reduced material exhibits IR spectra similar to that of graphite and a dc-conductivity of 0.12 S cm1.

Shulga, Y.M. [Institute of Problems of Chemical Physics, Russian Ac. Sci, Chernogolovka, Russia] [Institute of Problems of Chemical Physics, Russian Ac. Sci, Chernogolovka, Russia; Baskakov, S.A. [Institute of Problems of Chemical Physics, Russian Ac. Sci, Chernogolovka, Russia] [Institute of Problems of Chemical Physics, Russian Ac. Sci, Chernogolovka, Russia; Knerelman, E.I. [Institute of Problems of Chemical Physics, Russian Ac. Sci, Chernogolovka, Russia] [Institute of Problems of Chemical Physics, Russian Ac. Sci, Chernogolovka, Russia; Davidova, G.I. [Institute of Problems of Chemical Physics, Russian Ac. Sci, Chernogolovka, Russia] [Institute of Problems of Chemical Physics, Russian Ac. Sci, Chernogolovka, Russia; Badamshina, E.R. [Institute of Problems of Chemical Physics, Russian Ac. Sci, Chernogolovka, Russia] [Institute of Problems of Chemical Physics, Russian Ac. Sci, Chernogolovka, Russia; Shulga, N. Yu. [National University of Science and Technology MISiS, Moscow, Russia] [National University of Science and Technology MISiS, Moscow, Russia; Skryleva, E.A. [National University of Science and Technology MISiS, Moscow, Russia] [National University of Science and Technology MISiS, Moscow, Russia; Agapov, Alexander L [ORNL] [ORNL; Voylov, Dmitry N [ORNL] [ORNL; Sokolov, Alexei P [ORNL] [ORNL; Martynenko, V.M. [Institute of Problems of Chemical Physics, Russian Ac. Sci, Chernogolovka, Russia] [Institute of Problems of Chemical Physics, Russian Ac. Sci, Chernogolovka, Russia

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Insights into the morphological changes undergone by the anode in the lithium sulphur battery system.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? In this thesis, the morphological changes of the anode surface in lithium sulphur cell, during early cycling, were simulated using symmetrical lithium electrode cells (more)

Yalamanchili, Anurag

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Structural insights into a unique cellulase fold and mechanism of cellulose hydrolysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...cellulosome presented on the surface of C. thermocellum...cellulosome or displayed on the surface of C. thermocellum...end of cellulose and xylan chains and thus provides...disrupted, after cellulase treatment. Although CBM9...the cellulases to the surface of the...

Joana L. A. Brs; Alan Cartmell; Ana Lusa M. Carvalho; Genny Verz; Edward A. Bayer; Yael Vazana; Mrcia A. S. Correia; Jos A. M. Prates; Supriya Ratnaparkhe; Alisdair B. Boraston; Maria J. Romo; Carlos M. G. A. Fontes; Harry J. Gilbert

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Crustal insights from gravity and aeromagnetic analysis: Central North Slope, Alaska  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...of the Arctic coastal plain, complete Bouguer gravity...the east, the coastal plain is spanned by a 1981 survey (Cunningham et al., 1987; Donovan et al., 1988...Slope, including the ANWR 1002 (coastal plain) area and west into eastern...

Richard W. Saltus; Christopher J. Potter; Jeffrey D. Phillips

407

Strategic insights into the critical success factors online for-profit educational providers: case study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The last decade has seen a dramatic growth of online educational service providers (OESPs) and a major paradigm shift from the traditional mode of instruction. Within a knowledge-based information-intensive society, or education, the internet has allowed ...

Amber A. Smith; Alan D. Smith; William T. Rupp

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Mechanistic insights into xanthine oxidoreductase from development studies of candidate drugs to treat hyperuricemia and gout  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Xanthine oxidoreductase (XOR), which is widely distributed from humans to bacteria, has a key role in purine catabolism, catalyzing two steps of sequential hydroxylation from hypoxanthine to xanthine and from xan...

Takeshi Nishino; Ken Okamoto

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Patient-reported measures provide unique insights into motor function after stroke  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Cramer Page 13 Stroke. Author manuscript; available inversus activity limitation after incident ischaemic stroke.Int J Stroke. 2010; 5:132133. [PubMed: 20446950] 36. Duncan

Stewart, Jill Campbell; Cramer, Steven C.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

The sailing ship effect: Reassessing history as a source of insight on technical change  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The so-called sailing ship effect has often been stated as though there is no doubt that it really took place in the end of the 19th century. The notion has, moreover, been used as a stylised fact that is in charge of conveying the idea that the substitution threat of new radical technologies may lead to a renewed spurt of innovation in an old and established technology. On the basis of quantitative evidence and a systematic review of the field of maritime history this paper shows that the effect is nowhere to be found in the very case it derives its name from. The modernisation of the sailing trader occurs before, not after, the steamship had become an effective competitor. It is argued that if history is to be used to give credence to explanations of empirical regularities in a variety of settings the original source of the relevant concepts must be carefully revisited and deeply researched.

Sandro Mendona

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

insight review articles NATURE | VOL 409 | 22 FEBRUARY 2001 | www.nature.com 1083  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

planets. Venus, Earth and Mars all received inventories of water vapour and carbon, perhaps with early for earlier events when water was free on the surface10 . Mars also had early volcanic activity. With water. Continuum exists between chemistry, autocatalysis and what every one would agree is life. But defining

Fernando, Chrisantha

412

Insights from Smart Meters: The Potential for Peak-Hour Savings from Behavior-Based Programs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

andRenewableEnergy(DOEEERE)underLawrenceBerkeleyandRenewableEnergy(DOEEERE)underLawrenceBerkeley

Todd, Annika

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Biodiversity and phylogeography of Arctic marine fauna: insights from molecular tools  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Incorporation of molecular tools into biodiversity and biogeographic studies can help to address ... among extant populations. Novel discoveries in Arctic marine biodiversity and biogeography are increasing due t...

Sarah Mincks Hardy; Christina M. Carr; Michael Hardman; Dirk Steinke

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

E-Print Network 3.0 - artery disease insights Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

? Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD) is a serious condition that is associated with heart attack and stroke. PAD... immediately if you believe you're at risk. HOW COMMON IS...

415

Raman Spectroscopy Insights into the Size-Induced Structural Transformation in SnSe Nanolayers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Department of Natural Sciences, Oregon Institute of Technology, Klamath Falls, Oregon 97601, United States ... Various phase transitions have been observed in Group IV chalcogenide compounds under the influence of temperature,(16-19) pressure,(20, 21) or interface strain. ... This change in the number of modes and in the Ag tensor allows us to rule out potential space groups for the SnSe layers as they become thinner. ...

Michael Ludemann; Ovidiu D. Gordan; Dietrich R. T. Zahn; Matt Beekman; Ryan Atkins; David C. Johnson

2014-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

416

Insights into the functionality and targeting of PKA regulatory subunit RIalpha  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Caenorhabditis elegans. CNC. Carney complex. D-AKAP1. DualmRNA expressed Table 2.2: CNC mutations that result in3 mRNA expressed Table 2.3: CNC mutations that are located

Day, Michele Elizabeth

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Structural insights into an equilibrium folding intermediate of an archaeal ankyrin repeat protein  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...state. Folding studies on naturally occuring AR proteins have until now focused only...significantly more stable compared with naturally occurring AR proteins (29). Therefore we propose that ARs with the highest...collected in house at -180 C with Cu K a radiation ( l = 1.5418 a) using a rotating-anode...

Christian Lw; Ulrich Weininger; Piotr Neumann; Mirjam Klepsch; Hauke Lilie; Milton T. Stubbs; Jochen Balbach

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

New insights from sedimentation equilibrium in an experimental hard-sphere-plus-dipolar Brownian colloidal system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hard-sphere colloids are simple conceptually, yet density-matched micron-scale colloidal hard-sphere systems for real-space microscopy are difficult to obtain in the laboratory. Colloids with a dipolar interaction are complex, with angle-dependent attractions or repulsions, and there remain unanswered questions: whether the gas-liquid transition exists, and why there is a low-density networking-forming "void" phase. In this work, we vary the electric field and measure density profiles of Brownian dipolar colloids in sedimentation equilibrium. At zero field, the equation of state matches the hard-sphere equation of state. When there is an electric field parallel to gravity, the clusters of chains form from the bottom substrate, and expand the colloidal sediment; the second virial coefficient obtained from the apparent equation of state is larger than the hard-sphere value. Additional information about the spatial distribution of hydrodynamic sizes, obtained from "sedimentation-diffusion" profiles, also shows the effects of clustering. For micron-scale dipolar colloids in gravity, clustering begins at the surface: the resulting registry between dipoles can enhance repulsions, and lead to less compact structures.

Hugh D. Newman; Anand Yethiraj

2014-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

419

Genomic Insights into Processes Driving the Infection of Alexandrium tamarense by the Parasitoid Amoebophrya sp.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...similarities indicate the presence of fundamental processes of parasitoid infection that...p 289-312. In JR Stein (ed), Handbook of phycological methods-culture methods...metabolic evolution: dinoflagellates force reassessment of the role of parasitism...

Yameng Lu; Sylke Wohlrab; Gernot Glckner; Laure Guillou; Uwe John

2014-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

420

Carbohydrate Metabolism in Archaea: Current Insights into Unusual Enzymes and Pathways and Their Regulation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...as a trade-off between the chemical motive force of the whole process and its ATP yield. It...outside, 2 to 4) maintains the proton motive force. This strict correlation of proton motive force and cellular ATP levels was demonstrated by...

Christopher Brsen; Dominik Esser; Bernadette Rauch; Bettina Siebers

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "insight inforum interindustry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

The crystal structure of the rhomboid peptidase from Haemophilus influenzae provides insight into intramembrane proteolysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...0609981104 M. Joanne Lemieux Sarah J. Fischer Maia M. Cherney Katherine S. Bateman Michael N. G. James Group in Protein Structure...Science Foundation, the University of California, and Henry Wheeler. The ASI synchrotron access program is supported by grants...

M. Joanne Lemieux; Sarah J. Fischer; Maia M. Cherney; Katherine S. Bateman; Michael N. G. James

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Insights into CO poisoning in high performance proton-conducting solid oxide fuel cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract High performance anode supported proton-conducting solid oxide fuel cells (PC-SOFC) were fabricated and their performance in syngas was studied. PC-SOFC button cells produced a maximum power density of 812mWcm?2 in H2 at 750C. It was found that the CO-containing feed streams could drastically degrade the performance of PC-SOFC. Based on the experimental results and the theoretical analysis, the detailed process of the CO-induced Ni catalyst deactivation was identified. This process could be divided into three distinguishable stages during the continuous exposure of the Ni catalyst in the CO-containing environment. The first stage could be described using the CO surface active site blocking mechanism, which was further confirmed by CO/H2 competitive adsorption model. The second stage deactivation was proposed to be related to the carbon deposition at TPB (Triple-phase Boundary). The deactivation during this stage was accelerated by the electrochemical conversion of H2. The last stage was attributed to the coking of Ni catalyst and the resulted metal dusting effect.

Ning Yan; Xian-Zhu Fu; Karl T. Chuang; Jing-Li Luo

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Comparative sequencing provides insights about the structure and conservation of marsupial and monotreme genomes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Sequencing Program Valerie V. B. Maduro Pamela J. Thomas Jeffery P. Tomkins Chris T. Amemiya Meizhong Luo Eric D. Green...McDowell, J. C., Maskeri, B., Young, A. C., Benjamin, B., Brooks, S. Y., Coleman, B. I., et al . (2004...

Elliott H. Margulies; NISC Comparative Sequencing Program; Valerie V. B. Maduro; Pamela J. Thomas; Jeffery P. Tomkins; Chris T. Amemiya; Meizhong Luo; Eric D. Green

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Metagenomic Insights into Evolution of a Heavy Metal-Contaminated Groundwater Microbial Community  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Understanding adaptation of biological communities to environmental change is a central issue in ecology and evolution. Metagenomic analysis of a stressed groundwater microbial community reveals that prolonged exposure to high concentrations of heavy metals, nitric acid and organic solvents (~;;50 years) have resulted in a massive decrease in species and allelic diversity as well as a significant loss of metabolic diversity. Although the surviving microbial community possesses all metabolic pathways necessary for survival and growth in such an extreme environment, its structure is very simple, primarily composed of clonal denitrifying ?- and ?-proteobacterial populations. The resulting community is over-abundant in key genes conferring resistance to specific stresses including nitrate, heavy metals and acetone. Evolutionary analysis indicates that lateral gene transfer could be a key mechanism in rapidly responding and adapting to environmental contamination. The results presented in this study have important implications in understanding, assessing and predicting the impacts of human-induced activities on microbial communities ranging from human health to agriculture to environmental management, and their responses to environmental changes.

Hemme, Christopher L.; Deng, Ye; Gentry, Terry J.; Fields, Matthew W.; Wu, Liyou; Barua, Soumitra; Barry, Kerrie; Tringe, Susannah G.; Watson, David B.; He, Zhili; Hazen, Terry C.; Tiedje, James M.; Rubin, Edward M.; Zhou, Jizhong

2010-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

425

A comprehensive microbial insight into two-stage anaerobic digestion of food waste-recycling wastewater  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Microbial community structures were assessed in a two-stage anaerobic digestion system treating food waste-recycling wastewater. The reactors were operated for 390d at 10 different hydraulic retention times (HRTs) ranging from 25 to 4d. Stable operation was achieved with the overall chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal efficiency of 73.085.9% at organic loading rate of up to 35.6g COD/Ld. Performance of the acidogenic reactors, however, changed significantly during operation. This change coincided with transition of the bacterial community from one dominated by Aeriscardovia- and Lactobacillus amylovorus-related species to one dominated by Lactobacillus acetotolerans- and Lactobacillus kefiri-like organisms. In methanogenic reactors, the microbial community structures also changed at this stage along with the shift from Methanoculleus- to Methanosarcina-like organisms. This trend was confirmed by the non-metric multidimensional scaling joint plot of microbial shifts along with performance parameters. These results indicated that the overall process performance was relatively stable compared to the dynamic changes in the microbial structures and the acidogenic performance.

Seung Gu Shin; Gyuseong Han; Juntaek Lim; Changsoo Lee; Seokhwan Hwang

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Ecosystem Restoration and Subtropical Seagrass Fishes: Insights into Salinity Effects from Habitat Selection and Preference Tests.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The work of this Master of Science thesis project is an analysis of salinity effects on nearshore epifauna along the western shore of Biscayne Bay (more)

Buck, Eric L.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Insights into the Maize Pan-Genome and Pan-Transcriptome  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...reads) were assembled using an assembly pipeline consisting of Velvet version 1.2.07...Mapping Analysis Last leaf with epicuticular wax, GDDs to silk, and GDDs to pollen shed...measuring, the last leaf with epicuticular wax a hole was punched in the 5th leaf at the...

Candice N. Hirsch; Jillian M. Foerster; James M. Johnson; Rajandeep S. Sekhon; German Muttoni; Brieanne Vaillancourt; Francisco Peñagaricano; Erika Lindquist; Mary Ann Pedraza; Kerrie Barry; Natalia de Leon; Shawn M. Kaeppler; C. Robin Buell

2014-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

428

Insights into Bacteriophage T5 Structure from Analysis of Its Morphogenesis Genes and Protein Components  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...vitro, a highly stable 1/1 stoichiometric complex with its receptor FhuA (21, 22). In either small angle neutron scattering and EM and single-particle analysis of purified monomeric pb5, side views revealed a prolate molecule 7 nm long...

Yvan Zivanovic; Fabrice Confalonieri; Luc Ponchon; Rudi Lurz; Mohamed Chami; Ali Flayhan; Madalena Renouard; Alexis Huet; Paulette Decottignies; Alan R. Davidson; Ccile Breyton; Pascale Boulanger

2013-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

429

Biochemical Insights on Degradation of Arabidopsis DELLA Proteins Gained From a Cell-Free Assay System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...signaling gene SLEEPY1 are rescued by overexpression of its homologue, SNEEZY. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 101: 12771-12776. Sullivan, J.A., Shirasu, K., and Deng, X.W. (2003). The diverse roles of ubiquitin and the 26S proteasome in...

Feng Wang; Danmeng Zhu; Xi Huang; Shuang Li; Yinan Gong; Qinfang Yao; Xiangdong Fu; Liu-Min Fan; Xing Wang Deng

2009-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

430

Critical insight into the influence of the potential energy surface on fission dynamics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The present work is dedicated to a careful investigation of the influence of the potential energy surface on the fission process. The time evolution of nuclei at high excitation energy and angular momentum is studied by means of three-dimensional Langevin calculations performed for two different parametrizations of the macroscopic potential: the Finite Range Liquid Drop Model (FRLDM) and the Lublin-Strasbourg Drop (LSD) prescription. Depending on the mass of the system, the topology of the potential throughout the deformation space of interest in fission is observed to noticeably differ within these two approaches, due to the treatment of curvature effects. When utilized in the dynamical calculation as the driving potential, the FRLDM and LSD models yield similar results in the heavy-mass region, whereas the predictions can be strongly dependent on the Potential Energy Surface (PES) for medium-mass nuclei. In particular, the mass, charge, and total kinetic energy distributions of the fission fragments are found to be narrower with the LSD prescription. The influence of critical model parameters on our findings is carefully investigated. The present study sheds light on the experimental conditions and signatures well suited for constraining the parametrization of the macroscopic potential. Its implication regarding the interpretation of available experimental data is briefly discussed.

Mazurek, K. [Niewodniczanski Institute of Nuclear Physics, PAN, 31-342 Krakow (Poland); Grand Accelerateur National d'Ions Lourds (GANIL), CEA/DSM-CNRS/IN2P3, F-14076 Caen (France); Schmitt, C.; Wieleczko, J. P.; Ademard, G. [Grand Accelerateur National d'Ions Lourds (GANIL), CEA/DSM-CNRS/IN2P3, F-14076 Caen (France); Nadtochy, P. N. [Omsk State University, Department of Theoretical Physics, 644077 Omsk (Russian Federation)

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

431

Public Versus Private: Does It Matter for Water Conservation? Insights from California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Do residential water demand side management policies measurethe ef?- cacy of demand-side management policies in times of1994). As with the demand-side management literature cited

Kallis, Giorgos; Ray, Isha; Fulton, Julian; McMahon, James E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Genomic Insights into the Atopic Eczema-Associated Skin Commensal Yeast Malassezia sympodialis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Laboratory, Swedish National Infrastructure for large-Scale DNA Sequencing...sequencing and computational infrastructure. We are also grateful for...mitochondrial control of fungal hybrid virulence. Nature 411...Jain E , et al. 2009. Infrastructure for the life sciences: design...

Anastasia Gioti; Bjrn Nystedt; Wenjun Li; Jun Xu; Anna Andersson; Anna F. Averette; Karin Mnch; Xuying Wang; Catharine Kappauf; Joanne M. Kingsbury; Bart Kraak; Louise A. Walker; Henrik J. Johansson; Tina Holm; Janne Lehti; Jason E. Stajich; Piotr Mieczkowski; Regine Kahmann; John C. Kennell; Maria E. Cardenas; Joakim Lundeberg; Charles W. Saunders; Teun Boekhout; Thomas L. Dawson; Carol A. Munro; Piet W. J. de Groot; Geraldine Butler; Joseph Heitman; Annika Scheynius

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Molecular insights on the solvent effect of methanol additive in glycine polymorph selection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In an effort to improve control and design in organic crystallization, the effect of solvent on polymorph selection has gained tremendous interest in recent years. In this thesis, molecular simulation techniques are used ...

Patala, Srikanth

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Insight from analytical solutions for improved simulation of miscible WAG flooding in one dimension  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this work, the analytical and numerical solutions for modeling miscible gas and water injection into an oil reservoir are presented. Conservation laws with three levels of complexity are considered. Only th...

Tara Catherine LaForce

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Plant Metabolic Modeling: Achieving New Insight into Metabolism and Metabolic Engineering  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...flux profiles during abiotic stresses (flooding and drought stresses) a metabolic...Elucidating rice cell metabolism under flooding and drought stresses using flux-based...Wiechert, W. (2002). Modeling and simulation: tools for metabolic engineering. J...

Kambiz Baghalian; Mohammad-Reza Hajirezaei; Falk Schreiber

2014-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

436

INSIGHTS | PERSPECTIVES 1090 6 JUNE 2014 VOL 344 ISSUE 6188 sciencemag.org SCIENCE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

("Pillar 1") were to become conditional on compli- ance with three "greening measures": es- tablishing, water, nitrates, and sustainable use of pes- ticides), but the CAP has a much broader influence OF AMBITION. When the European Commission launched the latest CAP reform in 2010, it outlined three main

Napp, Nils

437

The tectonic evolution of the Southern Alps, New Zealand: insights from fully thermally coupled dynamical modelling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......The possible contribution of frictional heating to the geothermal regime of the Southern...is well established from measurements in oil exploration drillholes, only two measurements...Nappe Tectonics, eds McClay, K.R. Price, N.J., Spec. Publ. Geol. Soc......

Geoffrey E. Batt; Jean Braun

1999-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

NREL Simulations Provide New Insight on Polymer-Based Energy Storage Materials (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Atomistic simulations correlate molecular packing and electron transport in polymer-based energy storage materials.

Not Available

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Insights into the regulation of apical fate in Arabidopsis thaliana embryogenesis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IAA synthesis pathway uses indole-3-pyruvate (IPA); theconversion of IPA to IAArequires an IPA decarboxylase. Although no IPA

Hannon, Michael J.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Germ layer patterning in bichir and lamprey; an insight into its evolution in vertebrates  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Amphibian holoblastic cleavage in which all blastomeres contribute to any one of the three primary germ layers has been widely thought to be a developmental pattern in the stem lineage of vertebrates, and meroblastic cleavage to have evolved independently in each vertebrate lineage. In extant primitive vertebrates, agnathan lamprey and basal bony fishes also undergo holoblastic cleavage, and their vegetal blastomeres have been generally thought to contribute to embryonic endoderm. However, the present marker analyses in basal ray-finned fish bichir and agnathan lamprey embryos indicated that their mesoderm and endoderm develop in the equatorial marginal zone, and their vegetal cell mass is extraembryonic nutritive yolk cells, having non-cell autonomous meso-endoderm inducing activity. Eomesodermin (eomes), but not VegT, orthologs are expressed maternally in these animals, suggesting that VegT is a maternal factor for endoderm differentiation only in amphibian. The study raises the viewpoint that the lamprey/bichir type holoblastic development would have been ancestral to extant vertebrates and retained in their stem lineage; amphibian-type holoblastic development would have been acquired secondarily, accompanied by the exploitation of new molecular machinery such as maternal VegT.

Masaki Takeuchi; Maiko Takahashi; Masataka Okabe; Shinichi Aizawa

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "insight inforum interindustry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Molecular Mechanisms of Wnt8a Regulation: Insights Into Vertebrate Mesoderm Development and Patterning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, expression in the ventrolateral mesoderm and in the yolk syncytial layer. Using this transgenic line, we identified two phases of wnt8a transcriptional regulation in zebrafish: phase I comprises Nodal-dependent activation during early gastrulation and phase...

Narayanan, Anand

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

442

Insights into the Origin, Emergence, and Current Spread of a Successful Russian Clone of Mycobacterium tuberculosis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...regimen and wide use of the key first-line anti-TB drugs. In contrast, a link...operon), and the virulence-related eis, mce, and esx gene families. Other...emergence and spread in the human population. Supplemental material for this article may be found...

Igor Mokrousov

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

From regional pulse vaccination to global disease eradication: insights from a mathematical model of poliomyelitis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mass-vaccination campaigns are an important strategy in the global fight against poliomyelitis and measles. The large-scale logistics required for these mass immunisation campaigns magnifies the need for research into the ...

Browne, Cameron J.

444

Cardiovascular control and time domain Granger causality: insights from selective autonomic blockade  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...with k=1,2,3, but the coefficients of the polynomials were estimated again. (d) Statistical analysis Kruskal-Wallis one-way analysis of variance on ranks was applied (Dunn's test) to check whether parameters changed after drug...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Evolution of recombination in eutherian mammals: insights into mechanisms that affect recombination rates and crossover interference  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...autosomal MLH1 foci per cell (Kruskal-Wallis, p 0.05; figure 1). The...C. nigritus and A. caraya; Kruskal-Wallis, p 0.05). Moreover, we...number of MLH foci per cell (Kruskal-Wallis, p 0.0001). The most basal...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Insights Gained for Updating an Analog I&C System to a Digital System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Licensees at both Nuclear Power Plants (NPPs) and Non-Power Reactors (NPRs) are increasing their use of state-of-the-art digital technology in instrumentation and control (I&C) systems because digital systems offer improved reactor control, information processing, and information storage over analog. Digital I&C systems can range from experimental systems for reactor control research (at NPRs), to measurement and display systems, to complete reactor console replacements. Because of the increasing difficulty in finding spare parts for their original analog I&C systems, many licensees have begun or have plans to upgrade, refurbish, or replace their old analog I&C systems with digital systems. The perception is that upgrading to a digital I&C system will solve all of a facility s obsolescence problems. However, licensees need to be aware of several issues associated with upgrading to a digital system including obsolescence of the digital system (hardware and software) because of the short product life cycle and the associated cost to acquire, store, and maintain a long-term supply of spare parts. Configuration management and cyber security are also vitally important for any upgrade. Further, it must be recognized that the introduction of software and microprocessors could create new failure mechanisms, such as software errors and increased susceptibility to electromagnetic interference. In fact, experience has shown that these failure mechanisms may cause the reactor to malfunction in a way not previously considered. Thus, a conversion from analog to digital I&C systems solves some problems while potentially introducing others. Recognition of the additional risks coupled with good design, engineering, review, and testing can identify and minimize these risks.

Adams, A. [U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission; Carte, N. [U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission; Hardesty, Duane [U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission; Hardin, LeRoy A [U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission; Wilson, Thomas L [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Carbohydrate Metabolism in Archaea: Current Insights into Unusual Enzymes and Pathways and Their Regulation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the second partial reaction, i.e., water elimination, is conserved in the characterized...carbonyl-oxygens of the substrate and a water molecule. Substrate binding is additionally...and PHI, activity. The continuous Ru5P consumption for nucleotide biosynthesis is supposed...

Christopher Brsen; Dominik Esser; Bernadette Rauch; Bettina Siebers

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Overlapping Genes Produce Proteins with Unusual Sequence Properties and Offer Insight into De Novo Protein Creation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...essential state of numerous proteins, in which it is associated...feature of intrinsically disordered proteins (also called unstructured...structure, they adopt ensembles of rapidly interconverting...globules (100), and some disordered regions can become ordered...

Corinne Rancurel; Mahvash Khosravi; A. Keith Dunker; Pedro R. Romero; David Karlin

2009-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

449

Crystal Structures of Human NUDT5 Reveal Insights into the Structural Basis of the Substrate Specificity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ADPXase encoded by orf186; EcORF209, E. coli ADPRase encoded by orf209; hNUDT5, human ADPRase NUDT5; h- sugars over other sugar nucleotides. Structural comparisons with E. coli ADPRase ORF209 and ADPXase ORF maintenance. Abbreviations used: ADPR, ADP ribose; ADPRase, ADP-ribose pyrophosphatase; EcORF186, E. coli

Tian, Weidong

450

Integrating seasonal climate prediction and agricultural models for insights into agricultural practice  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the global climate system, and substantial...a number of pilot studies targeting smallholder...and tradeoffs, and foster co-learning and...discussion support systems (Meinke et al...Challinor, A., Wheeler, T. Moron, V...Burkina Faso as a case study. Agr. Syst. 74...

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Lithium Diisopropylamide-Mediated Lithiations of Imines: Insights into Highly Structure-Dependent Rates and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

enolates, their reactivities are quite different. Imine lithiations are orders of magnitude slower than this point by foreshadowing results summarized in Chart 1 and Scheme 1. Chart 1 contains structurally related-carbon. Further investigation of LDA- mediated lithiations of the imines in Chart 1 reveals structure- reactivity

Collum, David B.

452

IAA17/AXR3: Biochemical Insight into an Auxin Mutant Phenotype  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...performed in buffer containing a 1000-fold excess of unlabeled methionine and cysteine...into Y190 using the polyethylene glycol-lithium-acetate method () and plated onto the...incubate in a buffer containing a 1000-fold excess of cold methionine and cysteine for 20...

François Ouellet; Paul J. Overvoorde; Athanasios Theologis

453

Analysis of pluripotent mouse stem cell proteomes : insights into post- transcriptional regulation of pluripotency and differentiation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Protein KIAA1967 ho 589.07 Vim Vimentin 273.11 Etfa Electron2610301G19RikIPI00123624 Vim IPI00227299 Etfa IPI00116753375.33 substrate Prkar2b Cfl2 Vim IPI00224570 IPI00266188

O'Brien, Robert Norman

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

New Insights into Proton Surface Mobility Processes in PEMFC Catalysts Using Isotopic Exchange Methods  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

These results are presented as a case study for developing tailor-made surface-modified supports for PEMFC catalysts of improved performance. ... A newly developed method is presented which allows the characterization of the electrocatalytic properties of highly dispersed electrocatalysts in a true rotating disk electrode (RDE) configuration by attaching the catalyst powder on a glassy carbon electrode via a thin Nafion film. ... Different types of C samples, which are used as C support for proton exchange membrane fuel cells electrocatalysts as well as for gas diffusion layers, are treated by various methods in order to improve the adhesion of Pt metal to the C as well as to reduce the ionomer loading in the electrocatalyst layers. ...

Paloma Ferreira-Aparicio

2009-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

455

Long-term ecological dynamics: reciprocal insights from natural and anthropogenic gradients  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...be studied by using natural springs that create gradients of CO2 gas, and which are at...gradients There are many natural gradients of climate...adjacent areas in natural forests in Hawaii...such as how trophic cascades and other community...

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

MEP and planetary climates: insights from a two-box climate model containing atmospheric dynamics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...temperature and absorbed solar flux (with subscript...its specific heat capacity. (In the notation...rocky planets in the solar system (Earth...which the advective capacity and rotation rate...gravity , radius , solar constant S 0 and...Volumetric heat capacity was estimated from...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Genomic Insights into Processes Driving the Infection of Alexandrium tamarense by the Parasitoid Amoebophrya sp.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...acid sequences with the Virtual Ribosome tool ( http://www.cbs.dtu.dk/services/VirtualRibosome ), and the batch web CD-search tool ( http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/Structure/bwrpsb/bwrpsb.cgi ) was used to assign eukaryotic...

Yameng Lu; Sylke Wohlrab; Gernot Glckner; Laure Guillou; Uwe John

2014-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

458

Structural insights into the enzymes of the serine and biotin biosynthetic pathways in mycobacterium tuberculosis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Page Cloning, protein overexpression and purification of Mtb PGDH .................................................................................... 27 Cloning, protein overexpression... and purification of human PGDH .................................................................................... 29 Fluorescence studies of Mtb PGDH ...................................... 31 Crystallization of Mtb...

Dey, Sanghamitra

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

459

Insights into Conventional and Low Temperature Diesel Combustion Using Combustion Trajectory Prediction Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.................................................. 61 4.2.1 Rail pressure sweep ...................................................................................... 61 4.2.2 Exhaust gas recirculation sweep ................................................................... 66 4.3 Low temperature... combustion trajectory analysis............................................. 71 4.3.1 Rail pressure sweep ...................................................................................... 71 4.3.2 Exhaust gas recirculation sweep...

Bittle, Joshua A

2014-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

460

Insights into the roles of local translation from the axonal transcriptome  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...axonal transcriptome, have led to the discovery of thousands...projecting to the olfactory bulb [48], but it is not...axonal mRNAs are equal A fluorescent in situ hybridization...projections to the olfactory bulb. Cell 79, 981-991...axonal transcriptome, have led to the discovery of thousands...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "insight inforum interindustry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

MCAM: Multiple Clustering Analysis Methodology for Deriving Hypotheses and Insights from High-Throughput Proteomic Datasets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Advances in proteomic technologies continue to substantially accelerate capability for generating experimental data on protein levels, states, and activities in biological samples. For example, studies on receptor tyrosine ...

Naegle, Kristen Marie

462

Courtship dives of Anna's hummingbird offer insights into flight performance limits  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Biology for funding; and the USFWS, Cal. Fish Game, California Parks Department, and...R. R. Hoy, and A. C. Mason 2005 Seismic signals are crucial for male mating success...acceleration and manoeuvrability of two teleost fishes. J. Exp. Biol. 102, 115-122. Welch...

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Constructing users in the smart gridinsights from the Danish eFlex project  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The smart grid appears both in relation to the overall ... and thus create local overload in the distribution grids. Since extensions of the grid are very expensive, costbenefit analyses indicate that considerab...

Sophie Nyborg; Inge Rpke

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Insights from the WGRISK workshop on the PSA of advanced and new reactors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Probabilistic Safety Assessment /Probabilistic Risk Assessment for new and advanced reactors is recognized as an essential complement of the deterministic approaches to achieve improved safety and performances of new nuclear power plants, comparing to the operating plants. However, the development of PSA to these reactors is encountered to concurrent challenges, mainly due to the limited available design information, as well as due to potentially new initiating events, accident sequences and phenomena. The use of PSA in the decision making process is also challenging since the resulting PSA may not sufficiently reflect the future as-built, as-operated plant information. In order to address these aspects, the OECD/NEA/WGRISK initiated two coordinated tasks on 'PSA for Advanced Reactors' and 'PSA in the frame of Design and Commissioning of New NPPs'. In this context, a joint workshop was organized by OECD, during which related subjects were presented and discussed, including PSA for generation IV reactors, PSA for evolutionary reactors, PSA for small modular reactors, severe accidents and Level 2 PSA, Level 3 PSA and consequences analysis, digital I and C modeling, passive systems reliability, safety-security interface, as well as the results of the surveys performed in the frame of theses WGRISK tasks. (authors)

Georgescu, G. [Inst. for Radioprotection and Nuclear Safety IRSN, BP17, 92262 Fontenay aux Roses (France); Ahn, K. I. [Korea Atomic Energy Research Inst. KAERI, 150-1 Deokjin-Dong, 1045 Daedeokdaero, Yuseong, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of); Amri, A. [OCED/NEA, Le Seine St.Germain, Bd des Iles, 92130 Issy-les-Moulineaux (France)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Design of Interstellar Digital Communication Links: Some Insights from Communication Engineering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

symbol-wise autocorrelation (SWAC), illustrates a self-in the receiver. SWAC is a variant of autocorrelationin Figure 2(a). Applying the SWAC algorithm to this signal

Messerschmitt, David G; Morrison, Ian S

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

New insights into microbial responses to oil spills from the Deepwater Horizon incident  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

C. J. Villanueva (2010). "Propane respiration jump-startsin samples that exhibited propane and ethane anomalies (loss of both ethane and propane relative to methane

Mason, O.U.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

A korarchaeal genome reveals insights into the evolution of the Archaea  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

gene functions suggest that the organism relies on a simple mode of peptide fermentation for carbon differences in translation, transcription and replication (1). Yet hydrothermal environments have yielded of the Korarchaeota (2­4), the Ancient Archaeal Group (5), and the Marine Hydrothermal Vent Group (5, 6

Ahmad, Sajjad

468

Coupling Metabolite Flux to Transcriptomics: Insights Into the Molecular Mechanisms Underlying Primary  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Primary Productivity by the Hydrothermal Vent Tubeworm Ridgeia piscesae SPENCER V. NYHOLM1 , JULIE-2020 Abstract. Deep-sea hydrothermal vents host highly pro- ductive ecosystems. Many of these communities that provide the hosts with their primary nutritional needs. Rates of carbon fixation by these symbioses

Girguis, Peter R.

469

Structural and thermodynamic insight into phenylalanine hydroxylase from the human pathogen Legionella pneumophila  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Phenylalanine hydroxylase from Legionella pneumophila (lpPAH) has a major functional role in the synthesis of the pigment pyomelanin, which is a potential virulence factor. We present here the crystal structure of lpPAH, which is a dimeric enzyme that shows high thermostability, with a midpoint denaturation temperature of 79 C, and low substrate affinity. The structure revealed a dimerization motif that includes ionic interactions and a hydrophobic core, composed of both ?-structure and a C-terminal region, with the specific residues (P255, P256, Y257 and F258) interacting with the same residues from the adjacent subunit within the dimer. This unique dimerization interface, together with a number of aromatic clusters, appears to contribute to the high thermal stability of lpPAH. The crystal structure also explains the increased aggregation of the enzyme in the presence of salt. Moreover, the low affinity for substrate l-Phe could be explained from three consecutive glycine residues (G181, 182, 183) located at the substrate-binding site. This is the first structure of a dimeric bacterial PAH and provides a framework for interpreting the molecular and kinetic properties of lpPAH and for further investigating the regulation of the enzyme.

Hanna-Kirsti S. Leiros; Marte Innselset Flydal; Aurora Martinez

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

BRILLIANT INSIGHTS For more information about UC Irvine, go online to uci.edu/ucirvine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to Sustaining water resources with UCI Water Water recycling and desalination 1 2.5% of the world's water supply on Innovation at UC Irvine UC Irvine maintains an online directory of faculty available as experts at today.uci.edu/resources and Remote Sensing is dedicated to water resources management and protection, including remote sensing

Rose, Michael R.

471

Structure of a Bimodular Botulinum Neurotoxin Complex Provides Insights into Its Oral Toxicity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PTCs are highly potent food poisons, e.g. , the PTC of BoNT/Summary Food-borne botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT) poisoning re-

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Recent Insights into the Biological Action of Heavy-Ion Radiation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......exogenous genes.59) An alternative regimen includes the combination...combina- tion with high-energy X-rays, which acted...GJIC contributed to car- bon ion-induced bystander...chemicals such as retinoids, car- otenoids and green tea...X-ray-induced mammary car- cinogenesis in female......

Nobuyuki Hamada

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Plant Metabolic Modeling: Achieving New Insight into Metabolism and Metabolic Engineering  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...comparisons of either the energy demand or photon requirement...generating biomass from solar energy. However, the reductive...different proportions of energy cofactors (ATP and NADPH...highlights the proportion of resources devoted to accumulation...

Kambiz Baghalian; Mohammad-Reza Hajirezaei; Falk Schreiber

2014-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

474

Structural Insights into RNA Recognition by the Alternate-Splicing Regulator CUG-Binding Protein 1  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

CUG-binding protein 1 (CUGBP1) regulates multiple aspects of nuclear and cytoplasmic mRNA processing, with implications for onset of myotonic dystrophy. CUGBP1 harbors three RRM domains and preferentially targets UGU-rich mRNA elements. We describe crystal structures of CUGBP1 RRM1 and tandem RRM1/2 domains bound to RNAs containing tandem UGU(U/G) elements. Both RRM1 in RRM1-RNA and RRM2 in RRM1/2-RNA complexes use similar principles to target UGU(U/G) elements, with recognition mediated by face-to-edge stacking and water-mediated hydrogen-bonding networks. The UG step adopts a left-handed Z-RNA conformation, with the syn guanine recognized through Hoogsteen edge-protein backbone hydrogen-bonding interactions. NMR studies on the RRM1/2-RNA complex establish that both RRM domains target tandem UGUU motifs in solution, whereas filter-binding assays identify a preference for recognition of GU over AU or GC steps. We discuss the implications of CUGBP1-mediated targeting and sequestration of UGU(U/G) elements on pre-mRNA alternative-splicing regulation, translational regulation, and mRNA decay.

M Teplova; J Song; H Gaw; A Teplov; D Patel

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

475

Food-web structure and ecosystem services: insights from the Serengeti  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...resources will also manifest itself as competition for space and light; many plant species will be aided in their quest for resources...ecosystems. I suspect the pathogens will initially appear a lot as Christmas tree ornaments decorating the major branches of the web. However...

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

How lava flows: New insights from applications of lidar technologies to lava flow studies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...systems record the entire waveform of the energy pulse that is backscattered from the reflecting...on lahars from Popocatepetl Volcano, Mexico: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal...reconstruction of geohistory in the age of reform : Chicago, Illinois, University of Chicago...

K.V. Cashman; S.A. Soule; B.H. Mackey; N.I. Deligne; N.D. Deardorff; H.R. Dietterich

477

Insights into the binding of PARP inhibitors to the catalytic domain of human tankyrase-2  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The high-resolution crystal structures of the human tankyrase 2 poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) domain in complex with 16 various PARP inhibitors are reported, including the compounds BSI-201, AZD-2281 and ABT-888, which are currently in Phase 2 or 3 clinical trials.

Qiu, W.

2014-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

478

Atomic-scale insight and design principles for turbine engine thermal barrier coatings from theory  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...energy efficiency, gas turbine engines used in...designing circumvention strategies. We review results...energy: Both employ turbine engines that combust...more expansion of gas that creates more...for most materials development, the usual path...

Kristen A. Marino; Berit Hinnemann; Emily A. Carter

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Initial insights from 2.5D hydraulic modeling of floods in Athabasca Valles, Mars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

branch is a 10 to 30 km wide, 300 km long flat-floored valley that tracks the northwestern side-flow slope is only 0.05%. While it is currently impossible to precisely date the valley carving event

Perfect, Ed

480

HOW BIG WAS THE CHESAPEAKE BAY IMPACT? INSIGHT FROM NUMERICAL MODELING. G. S. Collins1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the Chesapeake Bay and Delmarva Peninsula in Virginia, USA, lies a large im- pact structure. It was discovered as a result of an anomalous breccia layer in boreholes from the eastern seaboard of the United States [1 on the interpretation of seismic reflection data and drill cores [2, 7-10]. In schematic terms, the basement structure

Collins, Gareth

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481

Coastal Marsh Vegetation Assemblages of Galveston Bay: Insights for the East Texas Chenier Plain  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Coastal marshes are composed of distinct vegetation assemblages that contribute to ecosystem functions and services over time and space. In recent decades, natural and anthropogenic changes have led to large-scal...

Jeremy S. Johnson; David M. Cairns; Chris Houser

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Water resources development in Santa Clara Valley, California: insights into the human-hydrologic relationship  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Groundwater irrigation is critical to food production and, in turn, to humankind's relationship with its environment. The development of groundwater in Santa Clara Valley, California during the early twentieth century is instructive because (1) responses to unsustainable resource use were largely successful; (2) the proposals for the physical management of the water, although not entirely novel, incorporated new approaches which reveal an evolving relationship between humans and the hydrologic cycle; and (3) the valley serves as a natural laboratory where natural (groundwater basin, surface watershed) and human (county, water district) boundaries generally coincide. Here, I investigate how water resources development and management in Santa Clara Valley was influenced by, and reflective of, a broad understanding of water as a natural resource, including scientific and technological innovations, new management approaches, and changing perceptions of the hydrologic cycle. Market demands and technological advances engendered reliance on groundwater. This, coupled with a series of dry years and laissez faire government policies, led to overdraft. Faith in centralized management and objective engineering offered a solution to concerns over resource depletion, and a group dominated by orchardists soon organized, fought for a water conservation district, and funded an investigation to halt the decline of well levels. Engineer Fred Tibbetts authored an elaborate water salvage and recharge plan that optimized the local water resources by integrating multiple components of the hydrologic cycle. Informed by government investigations, groundwater development in Southern California, and local water law cases, it recognized the limited surface storage possibilities, the spatial and temporal variability, the relatively closed local hydrology, the interconnection of surface and subsurface waters, and the value of the groundwater basin for its storage, transportation, and treatment abilities. The proposal was typically described as complementing an already generous nature, not simply subduing it. Its implementation was limited by political tensions, and fifteen years later, a scaled-down version was constructed. Well levels recovered, but within a decade were declining due to increasing withdrawals. I assert that the approach in Santa Clara Valley was a forerunner to more recent innovations in natural resource management in California and beyond.

Reynolds, Jesse L.; Narasimhan, T.N.

2000-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

E-Print Network 3.0 - atoll kiritimati insights Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of the Pacific atolls: lagoonal, organic matter-rich, Summary: -called kopara of the French Polynesian atolls and equivalent material from Kiritimati Island (Pacific Ocean......

484

Insights from Smart Meters: The Potential for Peak-Hour Savings from Behavior-Based Programs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

top graph) as a percent of the total average energy usage ofgraph) as a percentage of each hours average energy usagegraph: first, kWh savings; second, normalized savings as a percent of the total average energy usage

Todd, Annika

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Structural and Functional Insights into the Chloroplast ATP-Dependent Clp Protease in Arabidopsis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...and unfold the protein substrate in an energy-dependent manner (Kim et al., 2001...Ultrastructure of the mesophyll in Scots pine and Norway spruce: Seasonal variation and molarity...Sutinen, S. (1987). Cytology of Norway spruce needles. I. Changes during ageing...

Lars L.E. Sjögren; Tara M. Stanne; Bo Zheng; Sirkka Sutinen; Adrian K. Clarke

2006-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

486

New insights into designing metallacarborane based room temperature hydrogen storage media  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Metallacarboranes are promising towards realizing room temperature hydrogen storage media because of the presence of both transition metal and carbon atoms. In metallacarborane clusters, the transition metal adsorbs hydrogen molecules and carbon can link these clusters to form metal organic framework, which can serve as a complete storage medium. Using first principles density functional calculations, we chalk out the underlying principles of designing an efficient metallacarborane based hydrogen storage media. The storage capacity of hydrogen depends upon the number of available transition metal d-orbitals, number of carbons, and dopant atoms in the cluster. These factors control the amount of charge transfer from metal to the cluster, thereby affecting the number of adsorbed hydrogen molecules. This correlation between the charge transfer and storage capacity is general in nature, and can be applied to designing efficient hydrogen storage systems. Following this strategy, a search for the best metallacarborane was carried out in which Sc based monocarborane was found to be the most promising H{sub 2} sorbent material with a 9 wt.% of reversible storage at ambient pressure and temperature.

Bora, Pankaj Lochan; Singh, Abhishek K. [Materials Research Centre, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012 (India)] [Materials Research Centre, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012 (India)

2013-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

487

Disease in Natural Plant Populations, Communities, and Ecosystems: Insights into Ecological and Evolutionary Processes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of pathogen transmission (11). Given the logistical chal- lenges of field surveys at large spatial scales, researchers have explored the use of herbaria surveys for distributional information (6,14). Herbaria surveys also provide a unique opportunity to ex...- plore temporal patterns in disease; two studies of obligate patho- gens showed increases in disease over 100-year spans of collec- tions (6,14). What are the genetic interactions between plants and patho- gens in natural plant populations? How does one...

Alexander, Helen M.

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Insights into vitamin B?? production, acquisition, and use by marine microbes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The distribution and magnitude of marine primary production helps determine the ocean's role in global carbon cycling. Constraining factors that impact this productivity and elucidating selective pressures that drive the ...

Bertrand, Erin Marie

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Metagenomic Insights into Evolution of a Heavy Metal-Contaminated Groundwater Microbial Community  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Microbiology 71: 1501-1506 Stajich JE, Block D, Boulez K, Brenner SE, Chervitz SA, Dagdigian C, Fuellen G, Gilbert

Hemme, Christopher L.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Insights into the Chemomechanical Coupling of the Myosin Motor from Simulation of Its ATP Hydrolysis Mechanism  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The molecular motor myosin converts chemical energy from ATP hydrolysis into mechanical work, thus driving a variety of essential motility processes. Although myosin function has been studied extensively, the catalytic mechanism of ATP hydrolysis and its chemomechanical coupling to the motor cycle are not completely understood. Here, the catalysis mechanism in myosin II is examined using quantum mechanical/molecular mechanical reaction path calculations. The resulting reaction pathways, found in the catalytically competent closed/closed conformation of the Switch-1/Switch-2 loops of myosin, are all associative with a pentavalent bipyramidal oxyphosphorane transition state but can vary in the activation mechanism of the attacking water molecule and in the way the hydrogens are transferred between the heavy atoms. The coordination bond between the Mg2+ metal cofactor and Ser237 in the Switch-1 loop is broken in the product state, thereby facilitating the opening of the Switch-1 loop after hydrolysis is completed, which is required for subsequent strong rebinding to actin. This reveals a key element of the chemomechanical coupling that underlies the motor cycle, namely, the modulation of actin unbinding or binding in response to the ATP or ADP{circle_dot}Pi state of nucleotide-bound myosin.

Schwarzl, S.M. [University of Heidelberg; Smith, Jeremy C [ORNL; Fischer, S. [University of Heidelberg

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

New Insights into Traditional Health Risk Assessments of Mercury Exposure: Implications of Selenium  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Oken, E.; Osterdal, M. L.; Gillman, M. W.; Knudsen, V. K.; Halldorsson, T. I.; Strom, M.; Bellinger, D. C.; Hadders-Algra, M.; Michaelsen, K. F.; Olsen, S. F.Associations of maternal fish intake during pregnancy and breastfeeding duration with attainment of developmental milestones in early childhood: A study from the Danish National Birth Cohort Am. ... Oken, Emily; Osterdal, Marie Louise; Gillman, Matthew W.; Knudsen, Vibeke K.; Halldorsson, Thorhallur I.; Strom, Marin; Bellinger, David C.; Hadders-Algra, Mijna; Michaelsen, Kim Fleischer; Olsen, Sjurdur F. ...

Hua Zhang; Xinbin Feng; Hing Man Chan; Thorjrn Larssen

2013-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

492

The nature of fire-cracked rock: new insights from ethnoarchaeological and laboratory experiments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the understanding of the geothennodynamics of FCR production. FCR from two experimental data sets are cut to expose flat surfaces that are inspected for thermal-weathering characteristics under low-power magnification. Analytical results indicate that rock...

Jackson, Michael A

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

493

High-pressure study of lithium amidoborane using Raman spectroscopy and insight into dihydrogen bonding absence  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Engineering, Florida International...Engineering, Florida International...hydrogen as an energy carrier is the...storage for fuel cell applications...hydrogen release rate using different...the activation energy for hydrogen...lithium is the rate-determining...CeSMEC) at Florida International...

Shah Najiba; Jiuhua Chen

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Plant Metabolic Modeling: Achieving New Insight into Metabolism and Metabolic Engineering  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...de . a Leibniz Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research, D-06466 Gatersleben, Germany b Institute of Computer Science, Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg, 06120 Halle, Germany c College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Islamic...

Kambiz Baghalian; Mohammad-Reza Hajirezaei; Falk Schreiber

2014-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

495

Tomato-Potato Aphid Interactions: Insights into Plant Defense and the Aphid Pest  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

induced defenses in tomato on the potato aphid, Macrosiphumin arbuscular mycorrhizal potato root colonization. Funct.and behavior of the potato aphid, Macrosiphum euphorbiae.

Atamian, Hagop Sarkis

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Hearing and seeing meaning in speech and gesture: insights from brain and behaviour  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...left IFG, bilateral MTG/STS) involved in the...higher level unification processes of meaning [71]. Gestures...These areas (left IFG, MTG/STS) seem to be playing...semantic load required to process iconic gestures and unification...meaning representations, MTG is activated when similar...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

First-principles insights into interaction of CO, NO, and HCN with Ag{sub 8}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We use static as well as time-dependent first-principles computations to study interaction of the CO, NO, and HCN molecules with the Ag{sub 8} nanocluster. The many-body based GW correction is applied for accurate description of the highest occupied (HOMO) and the lowest unoccupied (LUMO) molecular orbital levels. It is argued that the adsorption of these molecules changes the stable structure of Ag{sub 8} from Td to the more chemically active D{sub 2d} symmetry. We discuss that the CO, NO, and HCN molecules prefer to adsorb on the atom of the cluster with significant contribution to both HOMO and LUMO, for the accomplishment of the required charge transfers in the systems. The charge back donation is found to leave an excess energy of about 110 meV on the NO molecular bond, evidencing potential application of silver clusters for NO reduction. It is argued that CO and specially NO exhibit strong physical interaction with the silver cluster and hence significantly modify the electronic and optical properties of the system, while HCN makes very week physical bonds with the cluster. The optical absorption spectra of the Ag{sub 8} cluster before and after molecule adsorption are computed and a nontrivial red shift is observed in the NO and HCN adsorbed clusters.

Torbatian, Zahra; Hashemifar, S. Javad, E-mail: hashemifar@cc.iut.ac.ir; Akbarzadeh, Hadi [Department of Physics, Isfahan University of Technology, 84156-83111 Isfahan (Iran, Islamic Republic of)] [Department of Physics, Isfahan University of Technology, 84156-83111 Isfahan (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2014-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

498

ATP Depletion + Pyrimidine Depletion Can Markedly Enhance Cancer Therapy: Fresh Insight for a New Approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...induced when cellular energy is depressed. Cancer...modulation of tumor cell energy. In: M. Lavin...pp. 279-296. New York: Harwood Academic...Mitochondrial signals and energy requirement in cell...Harwood Academic New York 1993. 66 Sane A...

Daniel S. Martin; Joseph R. Bertino; and Jason A. Koutcher

2000-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

499

The Crystal Structure of Arabidopsis thaliana Allene Oxide Cyclase: Insights into the Oxylipin Cyclization Reaction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...position of the competitive inhibitor vernolic acid (a substrate...the induction of proteinase inhibitors by MeJA and JA as part of...such as oligogalacturonides, chitosan, systemin (Farmer and Ryan...Peak Inflection Point Remote Inhibitor Wild Type Beamline ESRF ID13...

Eckhard Hofmann; Philipp Zerbe; Florian Schaller

2006-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

500

@scale: Insights from a Large, Long-Lived Appliance Stephen Dawson-Haggerty  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

methodology for surveying the energy use of Miscella- neous Electric Loads (MELs) in commercial buildings of wireless plug-load electric meters in a large commercial building. We develop a stratified sam- pling Design, Measurement, Performance Keywords Energy, Audit, Building, Power, Wireless, Sensor Network 1

Culler, David E.