Sample records for innovation system concept

  1. Applying Innovation System Concept in Agricultural Research for...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    The R&D system should think in terms of contributing to innovation. The Improving Productivity & Market Success of Ethiopian Farmers (IPMS) project is fully cognizant of this...

  2. Separations innovative concepts: Project summary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, V.E. (ed.)

    1988-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This project summary includes the results of 10 innovations that were funded under the US Department's Innovative Concept Programs. The concepts address innovations that can substantially reduce the energy used in industrial separations. Each paper describes the proposed concept, and discusses the concept's potential energy savings, market applications, technical feasibility, prior work and state of the art, and future development needs.

  3. Applying Innovation System Concept in Agricultural Research for

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof EnergyInnovation in Carbon Capture and SequestrationAnemoiAnokaApiDevelopment: A

  4. Innovation Concepts in Healthcare

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2011-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

    AbstractDemographic change and advances in medical science pose increased challenges to healthcare systems globally: The economic basis is aging and thus health is becoming more and more a productivity factor. At the same time, with today’s new communication possibilities the demand and expectations of effective medical treatment have been increased. This presentation will illustrate the need for the “industrialization” of healthcare in order to achieve highest results at limited budgets. Thereby, industrialization is not meaning the medical treatment based on the assembly line approach. Rather it is to recognize the cost of medical care as an investment with respective expectations on the return of the investment. Innovations in imaging and pharmaceutical products as well as in processes - that lead to similar medical results, but with lower efforts - are keys in such scenarios.BiographyProf. Dr. Hermann Requardt, 54, is a member of the Managing Board of Siemens AG and Chief Executive Officer of the Healthcare Sector. In addition he is the CTO of Siemens AG and Head of Corporate Technology, the central research department at Siemens.After completing his studies in physics and philosophy at the Darmstadt University of Technology and Johann Wolfgang Goethe University in Frankfurt and receiving a doctorate in biophysics, he worked at the Institute of Aerospace Medicine at the German Aerospace Center.In 1984 he joined the Medical Technology Group of Siemens AG, where he was responsible for projects in the Magnetic Resonance (MR) division. He was appointed head of the division in 1995. From 2001 to 2006, as a member of the Executive Management of the Medical Solutions Group, he was responsible for several areas, including technological development.In 2006 he became a Member of the Siemens’ Managing Board and head of Corporate Technology. He was additionally appointed as the Sector Healthcare CEO in 2008.Since 2006 he is an honorary professor in physics of the Johann Wolfgang Goethe University in Frankfurt.                                                                                

  5. Innovation Concepts in Healthcare

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    AbstractDemographic change and advances in medical science pose increased challenges to healthcare systems globally: The economic basis is aging and thus health is becoming more and more a productivity factor. At the same time, with today?s new communication possibilities the demand and expectations of effective medical treatment have been increased. This presentation will illustrate the need for the ?industrialization? of healthcare in order to achieve highest results at limited budgets. Thereby, industrialization is not meaning the medical treatment based on the assembly line approach. Rather it is to recognize the cost of medical care as an investment with respective expectations on the return of the investment. Innovations in imaging and pharmaceutical products as well as in processes - that lead to similar medical results, but with lower efforts - are keys in such scenarios.BiographyProf. Dr. Hermann Requardt, 54, is a member of the Managing Board of Siemens AG and Chief Executive Officer of the Healthcare Sector. In addition he is the CTO of Siemens AG and Head of Corporate Technology, the central research department at Siemens.After completing his studies in physics and philosophy at the Darmstadt University of Technology and Johann Wolfgang Goethe University in Frankfurt and receiving a doctorate in biophysics, he worked at the Institute of Aerospace Medicine at the German Aerospace Center.In 1984 he joined the Medical Technology Group of Siemens AG, where he was responsible for projects in the Magnetic Resonance (MR) division. He was appointed head of the division in 1995. From 2001 to 2006, as a member of the Executive Management of the Medical Solutions Group, he was responsible for several areas, including technological development.In 2006 he became a Member of the Siemens? Managing Board and head of Corporate Technology. He was additionally appointed as the Sector Healthcare CEO in 2008.Since 2006 he is an honorary professor in physics of the Johann Wolfgang Goethe University in Frankfurt.                                                                                

  6. Innovative Structural and Joining Concepts for Lightweight Design of Heavy Vehicle Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jacky C. Prucz; Samir N. Shoukry; Gergis W. William

    2005-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent advances in the area of Metal Matrix Composites (MMC's) have brought these materials to a maturity stage where the technology is ready for transition to large-volume production and commercialization. The new materials seem to allow the fabrication of higher quality parts at less than 50 percent of the weight as compared to steel, especially when they are selectively reinforced with carbon, silicon carbide, or aluminum oxide fibers. Most of the developments in the MMC materials have been spurred, mainly by applications that require high structural performance at elevated temperatures, the heavy vehicle industry could also benefit from this emerging technology. Increasing requirements of weight savings and extended durability are the main drivers for potential insertion of MMC technology into the heavy vehicle market. Critical elements of a typical tractor-trailer combination, such as highly loaded sections of the structure, engine components, brakes, suspensions, joints and bearings could be improved through judicious use of MMC materials. Such an outcome would promote the DOE's programmatic objectives of increasing the fuel efficiency of heavy vehicles and reducing their life cycle costs and pollution levels. However, significant technical and economical barriers are likely to hinder or even prevent broad applications of MMC materials in heavy vehicles. The tradeoffs between such expected benefits (lower weights and longer durability) and penalties (higher costs, brittle behavior, and difficult to machine) must be thoroughly investigated both from the performance and cost viewpoints, before the transfer of MMC technology to heavy vehicle systems can be properly assessed and implemented. MMC materials are considered to form one element of the comprehensive, multi-faceted strategy pursued by the High Strength/Weight Reduction (HS/WR) Materials program of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) for structural weight savings and quality enhancements in heavy vehicles. The research work planed for the first year of this project (June 1, 2003 through May 30, 2004) focused on a theoretical investigation of weight benefits and structural performance tradeoffs associated with the design, fabrication, and joining of MMC components for heavy-duty vehicles. This early research work conducted at West Virginia University yielded the development of integrated material-structural models that predicted marginal benefits and significant barriers to MMC applications in heavy trailers. The results also indicated that potential applications of MMC materials in heavy vehicles are limited to components identified as critical for either loadings or weight savings. Therefore, the scope of the project was expanded in the following year (June 1, 2004 through May 30, 2005) focused on expanding the lightweight material-structural design concepts for heavy vehicles from the component to the system level. Thus, the following objectives were set: (1) Devise and evaluate lightweight structural configurations for heavy vehicles. (2) Study the feasibility of using Metal Matrix Composites (MMC) for critical structural components and joints in heavy vehicles. (3) Develop analysis tools, methods, and validated test data for comparative assessments of innovative design and joining concepts. (4) Develop analytical models and software for durability predictions of typical heavy vehicle components made of particulate MMC or fiber-reinforced composites. This report summarizes the results of the research work conducted during the past two years in this projects.

  7. SPINNER ANEMOMETRY -AN INNOVATIVE WIND MEASUREMENT CONCEPT TF Pedersen*)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SPINNER ANEMOMETRY - AN INNOVATIVE WIND MEASUREMENT CONCEPT TF Pedersen*) , N Sørensen, HA Madsen, R Møller, M Courtney, Risø National Laboratory P Enevoldsen, P Egedal, Siemens *) Risø, Wind Energy, fax +45 46 77 50 83 SUMMARY: An innovative and new concept for measurements of wind on a wind turbine

  8. DUAL-MODE PROPULSION SYSTEM ENABLING CUBESAT EXPLORATION OF THE SOLAR SYSTEM NASA Innovative Advanced Concepts (NIAC) Phase I Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nathan Jerred; Troy Howe; Adarsh Rajguru; Dr. Steven Howe

    2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    It is apparent the cost of planetary exploration is rising as mission budgets declining. Currently small scientific beds geared to performing limited tasks are being developed and launched into low earth orbit (LEO) in the form of small-scale satellite units, i.e., CubeSats. These micro- and nano-satellites are gaining popularity among the university and science communities due to their relatively low cost and design flexibility. To date these small units have been limited to performing tasks in LEO utilizing solar-based power. If a reasonable propulsion system could be developed, these CubeSat platforms could perform exploration of various extra-terrestrial bodies within the solar system engaging a broader range of researchers. Additionally, being mindful of mass, smaller cheaper launch vehicles (~1,000 kgs to LEO) can be targeted. This, in effect, allows for beneficial explora-tion to be conducted within limited budgets. Researchers at the Center for Space Nuclear Re-search (CSNR) are proposing a low mass, radioisotope-based, dual-mode propulsion system capable of extending the exploration realm of these CubeSats out of LEO. The proposed radioisotope-based system would leverage the high specific energies [J/kg] associated with radioisotope materials and enhance their inherent low specific powers [W/g]. This is accomplished by accumulating thermal energy from nuclear decay within a central core over time. This allows for significant amounts of power to be transferred to a flowing gas over short periods of time. In the proposed configuration the stored energy can be utilized in two ways: (1) with direct propellant injection to the core, the energy can be converted into thrust through the use of a converging-diverging nozzle and (2) by flowing a working fluid through the core and subsequent Brayton engine, energy within the core can be converted to electrical energy. The first scenario achieves moderate ranges of thrust, but at a higher Isp than traditional chemical-based systems. The second scenario allows for the production of electrical power, which is then available for electric-based propulsion. Additionally, once at location the production of electrical power can be dedicated to the payload’s communication system for data transfer. Ultimately, the proposed dual-mode propulsion platform capitalizes on the benefits of two types of propulsion methods – the thrust of thermal propulsion ideal for quick orbital maneuvers and the specific impulse of electric propulsion ideal for efficient inter-planetary travel. Previous versions of this RTR-based concept have been studied for various applications [NETS 1-3]. The current version of this concept is being matured through a NASA Innovative Advanced Concepts (NIAC) Phase I grant, awarded for FY 2014. In this study the RTR concept is being developed to deliver a 6U CubeSat payload to the orbit of the Saturnian moon - Enceladus. Additionally, this study will develop an entire mission architecture for Enceladus targeting a total allowable launch mass of 1,000 kg.

  9. Innovative Concept Appliances: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-03/0415)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Innovative Concept Appliances, LLC, failed to certify a variety of residential clothes washers and clothes dryers as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  10. Liquid Walls Innovative Concepts for First Walls and Blankets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abdou, Mohamed

    with existing technology · Size of plasma devices and power plants can be substantially reduced High PoloidalLiquid Walls Innovative Concepts for First Walls and Blankets Mohamed Abdou Professor, Mechanical as part of the US Restructured Fusion Program Strategy to enhance innovation · Natural Questions

  11. SERI Advanced and Innovative Wind-Energy-Concepts Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mitchell, R.L.; Jacobs, E.W.

    1983-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In 1978 the Solar Energy Research Institute (SERI) was given the responsibility of managing the Advanced and Innovative Wind Energy Concepts (AIWEC) Task by the US Department of Energy (DOE). The objective of this program has been to determine the technical and economic potential of advanced wind energy concepts. Assessment and R and D efforts in the AIWEC program have included theoretical performance analyses, wind tunnel testing, and/or costing studies. Concepts demonstrating sufficient potential undergo prototype testing in a Proof-of-Concept research phase. Several concepts, such as the Dynamic Inducer, the Diffuser Augmented wind Turbine, the Electrofluid Dynamic Wind-Driven Generator, the Passive Cyclic Pitch concept, and higher performance airfoil configurations for vertical axis wind turbines, have recently made significant progress. The latter has currently reached the Proof-of-Concept phase. The present paper provides an overview of the technical progress and current status of these concepts.

  12. NightCool: An Innovative Residential Nocturnal Radiation Cooling Concept

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parker, D. S.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ) will store sensible cooling to reduce daytime space conditioning needs. The concept may also be able to help with daytime heating needs in cold climates as well by using a darker roof as a solar collector. SIMULATION MODEL Within the assessment, we...NIGHTCOOL: AN INNOVATIVE RESIDENTIAL NOCTURNAL RADIATION COOLING CONCEPT Danny S. Parker John Sherwin Principal Research Scientist Research Engineer Florida Solar Energy Center Cocoa, FL ABSTRACT Using a...

  13. Environmental Mitigation Technology (Innovative System Testing...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Technology (Innovative System Testing)-Deployment and Testing of the Alden Hydropower Fish-Friendly Turbine Environmental Mitigation Technology (Innovative System...

  14. Innovative Wind Concepts GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2,AUDIT REPORTEnergyFarmsPower Co Ltd Jump to:Innovative Wind Concepts GmbH

  15. Summary of innovative concepts for industrial process improvement: An experimental technology exchange

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Conger, R.L. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Lee, V.E.; Buel, L.M. [eds.] [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States)

    1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document is a compilation of one-page technical briefs that summarize the highlights of thirty-eight innovations that were presented at the seventh Innovative Concepts Fair, held in Denver, Colorado on April 20--21, 1995. Sixteen of the innovations were funded through the Innovative Concepts Program, and twenty-two innovations represent other state or federally funded programs. The concepts in this year`s fair addressed innovations that can substantially improve industrial processes. Each tech brief describes the need for the proposed concept; the concept being proposed; and the concept`s economics and market potential, key experimental results, and future development needs. A contact block is also included with each flier.

  16. Overview and Analysis of the Japanese and US Innovation SystemsUS Innovation Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Innovation System (NIS or National System of Innovation) as the flow of technology and information among theory, innovation and technology d l t lt f l t f l ti hi t idevelopment are results of a complex set based on "IT substitution for manufacturing technology"Former innovation system based on IT substitution

  17. Transportation System Concept of Operations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    N. Slater-Thompson

    2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    The Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982 (NWPA), as amended, authorized the DOE to develop and manage a Federal system for the disposal of SNF and HLW. OCRWM was created to manage acceptance and disposal of SNF and HLW in a manner that protects public health, safety, and the environment; enhances national and energy security; and merits public confidence. This responsibility includes managing the transportation of SNF and HLW from origin sites to the Repository for disposal. The Transportation System Concept of Operations is the core high-level OCRWM document written to describe the Transportation System integrated design and present the vision, mission, and goals for Transportation System operations. By defining the functions, processes, and critical interfaces of this system early in the system development phase, programmatic risks are minimized, system costs are contained, and system operations are better managed, safer, and more secure. This document also facilitates discussions and understanding among parties responsible for the design, development, and operation of the Transportation System. Such understanding is important for the timely development of system requirements and identification of system interfaces. Information provided in the Transportation System Concept of Operations includes: the functions and key components of the Transportation System; system component interactions; flows of information within the system; the general operating sequences; and the internal and external factors affecting transportation operations. The Transportation System Concept of Operations reflects OCRWM's overall waste management system policies and mission objectives, and as such provides a description of the preferred state of system operation. The description of general Transportation System operating functions in the Transportation System Concept of Operations is the first step in the OCRWM systems engineering process, establishing the starting point for the lower level descriptions. of subsystems and components, and the Transportation System Requirements Document. Other program and system documents, plans, instructions, and detailed designs will be consistent with and informed by the Transportation System Concept of Operations. The Transportation System Concept of Operations is a living document, enduring throughout the OCRWM systems engineering lifecycle. It will undergo formal approval and controlled revisions as appropriate while the Transportation System matures. Revisions will take into account new policy decisions, new information available through system modeling, engineering investigations, technical analyses and tests, and the introduction of new technologies that can demonstrably improve system performance.

  18. Innovative Confinement Concepts Workshop 2000 (Book of Abstracts)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Celata, Christine; Accelerator and Fusion Research Staff

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Concept A. K . Sen Plasma Research Laboratory ColumbiaFisch Institute for Plasma Research Raytheon Company PPPL

  19. Colorado Firm Develops Innovative Materials for Geothermal Systems...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Firm Develops Innovative Materials for Geothermal Systems Colorado Firm Develops Innovative Materials for Geothermal Systems April 18, 2013 - 12:00am Addthis With support from...

  20. A Systems Biology Approach to Infectious Disease Research: Innovating...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Systems Biology Approach to Infectious Disease Research: Innovating the Pathogen-Host Research Paradigm. A Systems Biology Approach to Infectious Disease Research: Innovating the...

  1. An innovative concept for deep water oil production platform design 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Racine, Florian

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As more oil and gas are discovered in deep water, the offshore industry has become increasingly interested in the design of deep water offshore production facilities. A new design concept tentatively called FPSOT (Floating ...

  2. Innovative Design Concept for the New Bangkok International Airport, NBIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kessling, W.; Holst, S.; Schuler, M.

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the zenith. The situation of an international airport with 24- hours working days and high internal heat loads from people, electric equipment and lighting combined with the desired indoor climate conditions of 24 ?C room temperature and 50 to 60 % relative... the existing hourly weather data for Bangkok a period with extremely high daily top temperatures of 34 ?C and a horizontal solar radiation of 1,000 W/m? was chosen as the basis for comparing several concept variants. The model has four thermal zones: First...

  3. INNOVATIVE CONCEPTS FOR ON-LINE SYNCHRONOUS GENERATOR PARAMETER ESTIMATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and other routine power engineering studies. These studies are critical for the operation of the power temperature, magnetic saturation, and coupling between the generator and external systems. The method proposed and on a simplified synchronous generator model. The method is developed to be used with a Visual C++ engine

  4. Optimization of Multibody Systems using Approximation Concepts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Etman, L.F. Pascal

    UNIVERSITEIT EINDHOVEN Optimization of multibody systems using approximation concepts / Lodewijk Franciscus Pascal Etman. - Eindhoven : Technische Universiteit Eindhoven, 1997. - XVIII, 140 p. - With ref concepts / crashworthiness design / vehicle suspension Druk: Universiteitsdrukkerij TU Eindhoven Support

  5. Innovation

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    At Our Disposal Open Innovation Data Liquidity FBI SCARS & TATTOOS APP Innovation Ecosystem Building Capacity A Final Word Well, three actually . . . . Open Innovation Creating...

  6. Advanced Combustion Concepts - Enabling Systems and Solutions...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    ace066yilmaz2013o.pdf More Documents & Publications Advanced Combustion Concepts - Enabling Systems and Solutions (ACCESS) for High Efficiency Light Duty Vehicles Vehicle...

  7. OPTIONS POLITIQUES anada's Science, Technology and Innovation System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Volesky, Bohumil

    OPTIONS POLITIQUES JUIN 2009 8 C anada's Science, Technology and Innovation System: State, Technology and Innovation Council (STIC) presented its State of the Nation 2008 report. It presents an overview of Canada's sci- ence, technology and innovation system, charts our progress over time

  8. Basement Insulation Systems - Building America Top Innovation...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    about this Top Innovation. See an example of this Top Innovation in action. Find more case studies of Building America projects across the country that demonstrate advanced...

  9. Co-simulation of innovative integrated HVAC systems in buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Trcka, Marija; Hensena, Jan L.M.; Wetter, Michael

    2010-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Integrated performance simulation of buildings HVAC systems can help in reducing energy consumption and increasing occupant comfort. However, no single building performance simulation (BPS) tool offers sufficient capabilities and flexibilities to analyze integrated building systems and to enable rapid prototyping of innovative building and system technologies. One way to alleviate this problem is to use co-simulation, as an integrated approach to simulation. This article elaborates on issues important for co-simulation realization and discusses multiple possibilities to justify the particular approach implemented in the here described co-simulation prototype. The prototype is validated with the results obtained from the traditional simulation approach. It is further used in a proof-of-concept case study to demonstrate the applicability of the method and to highlight its benefits. Stability and accuracy of different coupling strategies are analyzed to give a guideline for the required coupling time step.

  10. Proceedings of waste stream minimization and utilization innovative concepts: An experimental technology exchange. Volume 2, Industrial liquid waste processing, industrial gaseous waste processing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, V.E. [ed.; Watts, R.L.

    1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This two-volume proceedings summarize the results of fifteen innovations that were funded through the US Department of Energy`s Innovative Concept Program. The fifteen innovations were presented at the sixth Innovative Concepts Fair, held in Austin, Texas, on April 22--23, 1993. The concepts in this year`s fair address innovations that can substantially reduce or use waste streams. Each paper describes the need for the proposed concept, the concept being proposed, and the concept`s economics and market potential, key experimental results, and future development needs. The papers are divided into two volumes: Volume 1 addresses innovations for industrial solid waste processing and municipal waste reduction/recycling, and Volume 2 addresses industrial liquid waste processing and industrial gaseous waste processing. Individual reports are indexed separately.

  11. Advanced Combustion Concepts - Enabling Systems and Solutions...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    advanced control concepts and enabling system to manage multi-modemulti-fuel combustion events and achieve an up to 30 percent fuel economy improvement deer11yilmaz.pdf...

  12. 12/2/10 Woodruff Scientific Inc 1 Summary of Innovative Concepts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fusion · New Concepts · FRC · Spheromak · RFP · Stellarators and Helical systems · Spherical torus Configuration ST RFP Spheromak #12;12/2/10 Woodruff Scientific Inc 7 MFE Renew Common issues NI startup

  13. avances systemes innovants: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    explores the use of genetic programming as a tool in the system design and innovation process. Digital circuits are used as a proxy for complex technological designs. Circuit...

  14. Quality Management System Guidelines - Building America Top Innovation...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    (PHI) created custom quality management system guidelines for the design and construction of high performance homes, earning a 2013 Top Innovation award for their efforts....

  15. The China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation and the Concept of Integrated Innovation: A Case Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    POLLPETER, Kevin

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    on the Study of Innovation and Technology in China at the UCThe Study of Innovation and Technology in China (SITC) is ain its pursuit of technology innovation. In order to conduct

  16. Understanding energy technology developments from an innovation system perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Understanding energy technology developments from an innovation system perspective Mads Borup1. This paper presents an innovation systems analysis of new and emerging energy technologies in Denmark. The study focuses on five technology areas: bio fuels, hydrogen technology, wind energy, solar cells

  17. AVNG system objectives and concept

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Macarthur, Duncan W [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Thron, Jonathan [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Razinkov, Sergey [RFNC-VNIIEF; Livke, Alexander [RFNC-VNIIEF; Kondratov, Sergey [RFNC-VNIIEF

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Any verification measurement performed on potentially classified nuclear material must satisfy two constraints. First and foremost, no classified information can be released to the monitoring party. At the same time, the monitoring party must gain sufficient confidence from the measurement to believe that the material being measured is consistent with the host's declarations concerning that material. The attribute measurement technique addresses both concerns by measuring several attributes of the nuclear material and displaying unclassified results through green (indicating that the material does possess the specified attribute) and red (indicating that the material does not possess the specified attribute) lights. The AVNG that we describe is an attribute measurement system built by RFNC-VNIIEF in Sarov, Russia. The AVNG measures the three attributes of 'plutonium presence,' 'plutonium mass >2 kg,' and 'plutonium isotopic ratio ({sup 240}Pu to {sup 239}Pu) <0.1' and was demonstrated in Sarov for a joint US/Russian audience in June 2009. In this presentation, we will outline the goals and objectives of the AVNG measurement system. These goals are driven by the two, sometimes conflicting, requirements mentioned above. We will describe the conceptual design of the AVNG and show how this conceptual design grew out of these goals and objectives.

  18. National Energy Information System basic concepts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The basic concepts on which the National Energy Information System (NEIS) rests are described and clarified. Identified are the current state of, as well as future information gathering activities of the system. The NEIS was originally created under Congressional mandate to collect, process, and disseminate data useful for analysis of energy supply and consumption issues. An overview of NEIS, data descriptions, metadata (directories, documentation), and procedures of the NEIS system are discussed in a question-and-answer format.

  19. Innovative Systems for Solar Air Conditioning of Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kessling, W.; Peltzer, M.

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for a high efficient utilization of solar thermal energy. To show the today's and near future potential innovative solar cooling and air conditioning systems are discussed which are well adapted to the utilization of solar energy. The system performance...

  20. Innovative concept for an advanced hadron facility based on a 2 GeV H/sup -/ linac

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thiessen, H.A.

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents parameters for an innovative new concept for the design of an advanced hadron facility. We propose combining a cold neutron source with a kaon factory. We also discuss the possibility of a shared target for neutron and neutrino experiments. An initial cost estimate is presented.

  1. Innovation system dynamics and sustainable development Challenges for policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Innovation system dynamics and sustainable development ­ Challenges for policy Paper in progress Innovation, Sustainability and Policy Conference, 23-25 May 2004 Kloster Seeon, Germany Dr. Maj Munch, while market development perspectives are neglected. The NIS perspective forwarded in this paper has

  2. in this issue 1 Systems Innovation at EMC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gabrieli, John

    in this issue 1 Systems Innovation at EMC 2 Welcome Letter 3 SDM Diagnostics Project 4 Product Conference 21 New SDM Codirectors 22 Recruiting SDM Grads 24 Calendar SDM helps EMC build bridge to innovation As a company founded in Massachusetts, EMC has long-standing partnerships with universities

  3. Database System Concepts, 5th Ed. Silberschatz, Korth and Sudarshan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dragan, Feodor F.

    Concepts - 5th Edition, May 23, 2005 Database Management System (DBMS) DBMS contains information about

  4. The Picatinny Technology Transfer Innovation Center: A business incubator concept adapted to federal laboratory technology transfer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wittig, T. [Geo-Centers, Inc. (United States); Greenfield, J. [Armaments Research, Development and Engineering Center, Picatinny Arsenal, NJ (United States)

    1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In recent years, the US defense industrial base spawned the aerospace industry, among other successes, and served as the nation`s technology seed bed. However, as the defense industrial base shrinks and public and private resources become scarcer, the merging of the commercial and defense communities becomes necessary to maintain national technological competencies. Cooperative efforts such as technology transfer provide an attractive, cost-effective, well-leveraged alternative to independently funded research and development (R and D). The sharing of knowledge, resources, and innovation among defense contractors and other public sector firms, academia, and other organizations has become exceedingly attractive. Recent legislation involving technology transfer provides for the sharing of federal laboratory resources with the private sector. The Army Research, Development and Engineering Center (ARDEC), Picatinny Arsenal, NJ, a designer of weapons systems, is one of the nation`s major laboratories with this requirement. To achieve its important technology transfer mission, ARDEC reviewed its capabilities, resources, intellectual property, and products with commercial potential. The purpose of the review was to develop a viable plan for effecting a technology transfer cultural change within the ARDEC, Picatinny Arsenal and with the private sector. This report highlights the issues identified, discussed, and resolved prior to the transformation of a temporarily vacant federal building on the Picatinny installation into a business incubator. ARDEC`s discussions and rationale for the decisions and actions that led to the implementation of the Picatinny Technology Transfer Innovation Center are discussed.

  5. Northwest Energy Innovations (TRL 5 6 System)- WETNZ MtiMode Wave Energy Converter Advancement Project

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Northwest Energy Innovations (TRL 5 6 System) - WETNZ MtiMode Wave Energy Converter Advancement Project

  6. Innovation Systems as Patent Networks: The Netherlands, India and Nanotech

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dolfsma, Wilfred

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Research in the domain of 'Innovation Studies' has been claimed to allow for the study of how technology will develop in the future. Some suggest that the National and Sectoral Innovation Systems literature has become bogged down, however, into case studies of how specific institutions affect innovation in a specific country. A useful notion for policy makers in particular, Balzat & Hanusch (2004) argued that there is a need for NIS studies to develop complementary and also quantitative methods in order to generate new insights that are comparable across national borders. We use data for patents granted by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) to map innovation systems. Groupings of patents into primary and secondary classes (co-classification) can be used as relational indicators. Knowledge from one class may be more easily used in another class when a co-classification relation exists. Using social network analysis, we map the co-classification of patents among classes and thus indicate wh...

  7. Innovations

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC) EnvironmentalGyroSolé(tm)HydrogenRFPTri-PartyFor manyInhibitingInnovateInnovations

  8. Innovative

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC) EnvironmentalGyroSolé(tm)HydrogenRFPTri-PartyFor manyInhibitingInnovateInnovations

  9. Business Process driven solutions for innovative enterprise information systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Business Process driven solutions for innovative enterprise information systems F. Taglino, M. In particular, it will be argued about business process driven approach to information systems development and overcome current limits. Business process driven approach to IS development is here characterized by: (i

  10. Innovative Faade Systems for Low-energy Commercial Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Innovative Façade Systems for Low-energy Commercial Buildings Eleanor Lee, Stephen Selkowitz abstract Glazing and façade systems have very large impacts on all aspects of commercial building for commercial buildings to significantly reduce energy and demand, helping to move us toward our goal of net

  11. Innovation

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In 1945, Vannevar Bush began the innovation conversation by writing Science: The Endless Frontier. In that report Bush said that "New products and new processes do not appear full-grown [they]…are painstakingly developed by research in the purest realms of science." With those words The Endless Frontier launched a national conversation linking science to the nation's manufacturing industry and thence to our country's economic prosperity and national security.

  12. Concept for Management of the Future Electricity System (Smart...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Management of the Future Electricity System (Smart Grid Project) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name Concept for Management of the Future Electricity System Country Denmark...

  13. A model-based systems engineering framework for concept development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    London, Brian (Brian N.)

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The development of increasingly complex, innovative systems under greater constraints has been the trend over the past several decades. In order to be successful, organizations must develop products that meet customer needs ...

  14. Novel turbomachinery concepts for highly integrated airframe/propulsion systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shah, Parthiv N

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Two novel turbomachinery concepts are presented as enablers to advanced flight missions requiring integrated airframe/propulsion systems. The first concept is motivated by thermal management challenges in low-to-high Mach ...

  15. Patent systems for encouraging innovation: Lessons from economic analysis1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    1 Patent systems for encouraging innovation: Lessons from economic analysis1 David ENCAOUA (EUREQua version submitted October 2003) Abstract Economic theory views patents as policy instruments aimed. First, patents may not be the most effective means of protection for inventors to recover R

  16. House-as-a-System Business Case - Building America Top Innovations...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    House-as-a-System Business Case - Building America Top Innovations House-as-a-System Business Case - Building America Top Innovations August 25, 2014 - 10:48am Addthis...

  17. Northwest Energy Innovations (TRL 5 6 System) - WETNZ MtiMode...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Northwest Energy Innovations (TRL 5 6 System) - WETNZ MtiMode Wave Energy Converter Advancement Project Northwest Energy Innovations (TRL 5 6 System) - WETNZ MtiMode Wave Energy...

  18. Ris-R-1582(EN) Innovation Process

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Risø-R-1582(EN) Innovation Process By Andrei Kolodovski for Risø Risø National Laboratory Roskilde Denmark December 2006 #12;Author: Andrei Kolodovski for Risø Title: Innovation Process Department: Risø system - Report provides innovation methodology to establish common understanding of the process concepts

  19. Adapting Decisions, Optimizing Facts and Predicting Figures: Can Convergence of Concepts, Tools, Technologies and Standards Catalyze Innovation?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Datta, Shoumen

    2008-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Managing uncertainty is key in decision systems, such as supply chain management or military readiness. We propose a reasonable confluence of existing concepts, tools, technologies and standards that may, collectively, ...

  20. A rational minor actinide (MA) recycling concept based on innovative oxide fuel with high AM content

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tanaka, Kenya; Sato, Isamu; Ishii, Tetsuya; Yoshimochi, Hiroshi; Asaga, Takeo [Japan Atomic Energy Agency, 4002 Narita-cho, O-arai-machi, Higasiibaraki-gun, Ibaraki-ken, 311-1393 (Japan); Kurosaki, Ken [Osaka University, 2-1 Yamadaoka, Suita-shi, Osaka 565-0871 (Japan)

    2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A rational MA recycle concept based on high Am content fuel has been proposed. A design study of an Am- MOX fabrication plant, which is a key facility for the MA recycle concept, has been done and the facility concept was clarified from the viewpoint of basic process viability. Preliminary cost estimation suggested that the total construction cost of the MA recycle facilities including Am-MOX, Np-MOX and MA recovery could be comparable with that of the large scale LWR-MOX fabrication plant required for plutonium in LWR fuel cycle. (authors)

  1. F1-CN64/GP-2 DEVELOPMENT OF INNOVATIVE FUELLING SYSTEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F1-CN64/GP-2 DEVELOPMENT OF INNOVATIVE FUELLING SYSTEMS FOR FUSION ENERGY SCIENCE M. J. Gouge,1 D Development of Innovative Fuelling Systems for Fusion Energy Science Abstract The development of innovative's) complex fuelling needs. For ITER [1] and fusion power plants, the fuelling system has to provide deuterium

  2. Advanced Combustion Concepts - Enabling Systems and Solutions...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    concepts. * Target Multi Mode Combustion Engine is based on the GM Ecotec 2.0 L DI Turbo platform * Base Engine HW design, improvements for target engine configuration and...

  3. Users' Requirements for Environmental Effects From Innovative Nuclear Energy Systems and Their Fuel Cycles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carreter, M.; Gray, M.; Falck, E.; Bonne, A.; Bell, M. [International Atomic Energy Agency - IAEA, P.O. Box 100, Wagramer Strasse 5, A-1400 Vienna (Austria)

    2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of the International Project on Innovative Nuclear Reactors and Fuel Cycles (INPRO) is to support the safe, sustainable, economic and proliferation resistant use of nuclear technology to meet the needs of the 21. century. The first part of the project focusses on the development of an understanding of the requirements of possible users of innovative concepts for reactors and fuel cycle applications. This paper reports progress made on the identification of user requirements as they relate to the environment and environmental protection. The user requirements being formulated are intended to limit adverse environmental effects from the different facilities involved in the nuclear fuel cycles to be well below maximum acceptable levels. To determine if the user requirements are met, it is necessary to identify those factors that are relevant to assessment of the environmental performance of innovative nuclear systems. To this effect, Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) and the Material Flow accounting (MFA) methodologies are being appraised for the suitability for application. This paper develops and provides the rationale for the 'users' requirements' as they are currently defined. Existing Environmental Impact Assessment and Materials Flow Accounting methodologies that can be applied to determine whether or not innovative technologies conform to the User Requirements are briefly described. It is concluded that after establishing fundamental principles, it is possible to formulate sets of general and specific users' requirements against which, the potential adverse environmental effects to be expected from innovative nuclear energy systems (INES) can be assessed. The application of these users' requirements should keep the adverse environmental effects from INES's within acceptable limits. (authors)

  4. Structural Materials for Innovative Nuclear Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yvon, Pascal [Commissariat a l'energie atomique - CEA (France)

    2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This series of slides deal with: the goals for advanced fission reactor systems; the requirements for structural materials; a focus on two important types of materials: ODS and CMC; a focus on materials under irradiation (multiscale modelling, experimental simulation, 'smart' experiments in materials testing reactors); some concluding remarks.

  5. Recovery Act: Innovative CO2 Sequestration from Flue Gas Using Industrial Sources and Innovative Concept for Beneficial CO2 Use

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dando, Neal; Gershenzon, Mike; Ghosh, Rajat

    2012-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

    field testing of a biomimetic in-duct scrubbing system for the capture of gaseous CO2 coupled with sequestration of captured carbon by carbonation of alkaline industrial wastes. The Phase 2 project, reported on here, combined efforts in enzyme development, scrubber optimization, and sequestrant evaluations to perform an economic feasibility study of technology deployment. The optimization of carbonic anhydrase (CA) enzyme reactivity and stability are critical steps in deployment of this technology. A variety of CA enzyme variants were evaluated for reactivity and stability in both bench scale and in laboratory pilot scale testing to determine current limits in enzyme performance. Optimization of scrubber design allowed for improved process economics while maintaining desired capture efficiencies. A range of configurations, materials, and operating conditions were examined at the Alcoa Technical Center on a pilot scale scrubber. This work indicated that a cross current flow utilizing a specialized gas-liquid contactor offered the lowest system operating energy. Various industrial waste materials were evaluated as sources of alkalinity for the scrubber feed solution and as sources of calcium for precipitation of carbonate. Solids were mixed with a simulated sodium bicarbonate scrubber blowdown to comparatively examine reactivity. Supernatant solutions and post-test solids were analyzed to quantify and model the sequestration reactions. The best performing solids were found to sequester between 2.3 and 2.9 moles of CO2 per kg of dry solid in 1-4 hours of reaction time. These best performing solids were cement kiln dust, circulating dry scrubber ash, and spray dryer absorber ash. A techno-economic analysis was performed to evaluate the commercial viability of the proposed carbon capture and sequestration process in full-scale at an aluminum smelter and a refinery location. For both cases the in-duct scrubber technology was compared to traditional amine- based capture. Incorporation of the laboratory results showed that for the application at the aluminum smelter, the in-duct scrubber system is more economical than traditional methods. However, the reverse is true for the refinery case, where the bauxite residue is not effective enough as a sequestrant, combined with challenges related to contaminants in the bauxite residue accumulating in and fouling the scrubber absorbent. Sensitivity analyses showed that the critical variables by which process economics could be improved are enzyme concentration, efficiency, and half-life. At the end of the first part of the Phase 2 project, a gate review (DOE Decision Zero Gate Point) was conducted to decide on the next stages of the project. The original plan was to follow the pre-testing phase with a detailed design for the field testing. Unfavorable process economics, however, resulted in a decision to conclude the project before moving to field testing. It is noted that CO2 Solutions proposed an initial solution to reduce process costs through more advanced enzyme management, however, DOE program requirements restricting any technology development extending beyond 2014 as commercial deployment timeline did not allow this solution to be undertaken.

  6. Innovative gas energy systems for use with passive solar residences

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hartman, D.; Kosar, D.

    1983-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The GRI asked Booz, Allen, and Hamilton to analyze the integration of passive solar with gas-fired energy systems for heating and cooling homes. Direct gain, trombe wall, thermosiphon and thermal roof storage heating systems were studied. Solar load control, evaporative cooling, earth coupling, and night radiation cooling systems were investigated. The drawbacks of conventional gas backup systems are discussed. Innovative passive/gas combinations are recommended. These include multizone gas furnace, decentralized gas space heater, gas desiccant dehumidifier, and gas dehumidifier for basement drying. The multizone furnace saves $1500, and is recommended for Pilot Version development.

  7. Innovative technology summary report: Transportable vitrification system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    At the end of the cold war, many of the Department of Energy`s (DOE`s) major nuclear weapons facilities refocused their efforts on finding technically sound, economic, regulatory compliant, and stakeholder acceptable treatment solutions for the legacy of mixed wastes they had produced. In particular, an advanced stabilization process that could effectively treat the large volumes of settling pond and treatment sludges was needed. Based on this need, DOE and its contractors initiated in 1993 the EM-50 sponsored development effort required to produce a deployable mixed waste vitrification system. As a consequence, the Transportable Vitrification System (TVS) effort was undertaken with the primary requirement to develop and demonstrate the technology and associated facility to effectively vitrify, for compliant disposal, the applicable mixed waste sludges and solids across the various DOE complex sites. After 4 years of development testing with both crucible and pilot-scale melters, the TVS facility was constructed by Envitco, evaluated and demonstrated with surrogates, and then successfully transported to the ORNL ETTP site and demonstrated with actual mixed wastes in the fall of 1997. This paper describes the technology, its performance, the technology applicability and alternatives, cost, regulatory and policy issues, and lessons learned.

  8. Database System Concepts, 5th Ed. Silberschatz, Korth and Sudarshan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dragan, Feodor F.

    Database System Concepts, 5th Ed. ©Silberschatz, Korth and Sudarshan See www and Sudarshan2.2Database System Concepts - 5th Edition, Oct 5, 2006 Chapter 2: Relational ModelChapter 2: Relational Model Structure of Relational Databases Fundamental Relational-Algebra-Operations Additional

  9. Database System Concepts, 5th Ed. Silberschatz, Korth and Sudarshan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dragan, Feodor F.

    Database System Concepts, 5th Ed. ©Silberschatz, Korth and Sudarshan See www.2Database System Concepts, 5th Edition, Oct 5. 2006 Chapter 4: Advanced SQLChapter 4: Advanced SQL SQL Data Constructs** Recursive Queries** Advanced SQL Features** #12;©Silberschatz, Korth and Sudarshan4.3Database

  10. Database System Concepts, 5th Ed. Silberschatz, Korth and Sudarshan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dragan, Feodor F.

    Database System Concepts, 5th Ed. ©Silberschatz, Korth and Sudarshan See www;©Silberschatz, Korth and Sudarshan6.2Database System Concepts - 5th Edition, Oct 5, 2006 Chapter 6: Entity Design Issues Weak Entity Sets Extended E-R Features Design of the Bank Database Reduction to Relation

  11. Database System Concepts, 5th Ed. Silberschatz, Korth and Sudarshan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dragan, Feodor F.

    Database System Concepts, 5th Ed. ©Silberschatz, Korth and Sudarshan See www.db-book.com for conditions on re-use Chapter 7: Relational Database DesignChapter 7: Relational Database Design #12;©Silberschatz, Korth and Sudarshan7.2Database System Concepts - 5th Edition, Oct 5, 2006 Chapter 7: Relational

  12. Basic concepts defining the property of ''reliability'' for energy systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rudenko, Yu.N.; Sin'chugov, F.I.; Smirnov, E.P.

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The basic concepts defining the complex property of ''reliability'' for energy systems (electric-power and pipeline systems) are considered; they include the properties, states, and events that characterize reliability as well as the reliability indices.

  13. Photovoltaic Pumping Systems A Comparison of Two Concepts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heinemann, Detlev

    Photovoltaic Pumping Systems A Comparison of Two Concepts Hans Bloos, Markus Genthner, Detlev of Oldenburg two different concepts of photovoltaic pumping subsystems available on the market were Photovoltaic pumping (PVP) has established itself as a water lifting technique for remote areas in sun

  14. Workshop on innovation in materials processing and manufacture: Exploratory concepts for energy applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Horton, L.L. [comp.

    1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The goal of the workshop was to bring together industrial, academic, and DOE Laboratory personnel to discuss and identify potential areas for which creative, innovative, and/or multidisciplinary solutions could result in major payoffs for the nation`s energy economy, DOE, and industry. The topics emphasized in these discussions were: surfaces and interfacial processing technologies, biomolecular materials, powder/precursor technologies, magnetic materials, nanoscale materials, novel ceramics and composites, novel intermetallics and alloys, environmentally benign materials, and energy efficiency. The workshop had a 2-day format. One the first day, there was an introductory session that summarized future directions within DOE`s basic and materials technology programs, and the national studies on manufacturing and materials science and engineering. The balance of the workshop was devoted to brainstorming sessions by seven working groups. During the first working group session, the entire group was divided to discuss topics on: challenges for hostile environments, novel materials in transportation technologies, novel nanoscale materials, and opportunities in biomolecular materials. For the second session, the entire group (except for the working group on biomolecular materials) was reconfigured into new working groups on: alternative pathways to energy efficiency, environmentally benign materials and processes, and waste treatment and reduction: a basic sciences approach. This report contains separate reports from each of the seven working groups.

  15. Functional Quality Assurance- A Cx Method for Innovative Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ioannidis, M.

    1N?rnberg ? M?nchen ? Frankfurt ? Gera ? Berlin ? Leipzig ? D?sseldorf ? F?rth ? Hamburg ? Stuttgart ? Moskau ? Washington DC www.eb-ing.com Functional Quality Assurance ? A Cx Approach For Innovative Systems Dipl.-Ing. Marios Ioannidis ESL-IC-08...-10-12a Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations, Berlin, Germany, October 20-22, 2008 2N?rnberg ? M?nchen ? Frankfurt ? Gera ? Berlin ? Leipzig ? D?sseldorf ? F?rth ? Hamburg ? Stuttgart ? Moskau ? Washington...

  16. Functional Quality Assurance- A Cx Method for Innovative Systems 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ioannidis, M.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1N?rnberg ? M?nchen ? Frankfurt ? Gera ? Berlin ? Leipzig ? D?sseldorf ? F?rth ? Hamburg ? Stuttgart ? Moskau ? Washington DC www.eb-ing.com Functional Quality Assurance ? A Cx Approach For Innovative Systems Dipl.-Ing. Marios Ioannidis ESL-IC-08...8th International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations - ICEBO?08 Conference Center of the Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology Berlin, October 20 - 22, 2008 Dipl.-Ing. Marios Ioannidis Ebert-Ingenieure GmbH & Co. KG...

  17. Medication concepts, records, and lists in electronic medical record systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Jaime

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A well-designed implementation of medication concepts, records, and lists in an electronic medical record (EMR) system allows it to successfully perform many functions vital for the provision of quality health care. A ...

  18. An evaluation of some innovative fragmentation systems for oil shale

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hieta, M.; Hustrulid, W.A. (Western Research Inst., Laramie, WY (United States))

    1991-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes a large-scale underground mining method, large-hole stoping, using some innovative fragmentation systems (buffer blasting, continuous loading/hauling, and mechanical miners for development). This study includes a literature review and an experimental study of one of the key design factors--buffer blasting. The purpose of the buffer-blasting experiments is to examine the swell that is necessary to achieve satisfactory fragmentation results. The study also includes a technical and economic evaluation of the new mining method compared with conventional room and pillar mining. The purpose of this study is to examine innovative methods that exist today and may provide a more efficient mining system than that currently used. Note that this is a conceptual study, and that the mining for the two mine designs were compared using a daily production rate of 75,000 tones per day. This amount was chosen because it is the maximum amount possible for a rubber-tired room and pillar operation with only a one-shaft complex.

  19. Transportation Biofuels in the USA Preliminary Innovation Systems Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eggert, Anthony

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Energy Security 35Strengthening America's Energy Security Reducing GasolineAnd Innovation Will Lead To Energy Security. President Bush

  20. An implementation of co-simulation for performance prediction of innovative integrated HVAC systems in buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trcka, Marija

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Judkoff, R. 2002. IEA HVAC BESTEST volume 1, Technicaland Judkoff, R. 2004. IEA HVAC BESTEST volume 2, TechnicalOF INNOVATIVE INTEGRATED HVAC SYSTEMS IN BUILDINGS Marija

  1. Advanced Combustion Concepts - Enabling Systems and Solutions...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    3) w VVT inVVL out, 40% Downsizing Lean Hom . HCCI 5 ) 116 % HCC I Basic System Hom . Turbo Extr . DZ 3 ) 3.5L Hom . Turbo DZ 1) 115 % 2.8L Hom . Turbo DZ 2) 117 % 2.5L 122 %...

  2. Design Concept Evaluation Using System Throughput Model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    G. Sequeira; W. M. Nutt Ph.D

    2004-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (OCRWM) is currently developing the technical bases to support the submittal of a license application for construction of a geologic repository at Yucca Mountain, Nevada to the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. The Office of Repository Development (ORD) is responsible for developing the design of the proposed repository surface facilities for the handling of spent nuclear fuel and high level nuclear waste. Preliminary design activities are underway to sufficiently develop the repository surface facilities design for inclusion in the license application. The design continues to evolve to meet mission needs and to satisfy both regulatory and program requirements. A system engineering approach is being used in the design process since the proposed repository facilities are dynamically linked by a series of sub-systems and complex operations. In addition, the proposed repository facility is a major system element of the overall waste management process being developed by the OCRWM. Such an approach includes iterative probabilistic dynamic simulation as an integral part of the design evolution process. A dynamic simulation tool helps to determine if: (1) the mission and design requirements are complete, robust, and well integrated; (2) the design solutions under development meet the design requirements and mission goals; (3) opportunities exist where the system can be improved and/or optimized; and (4) proposed changes to the mission, and design requirements have a positive or negative impact on overall system performance and if design changes may be necessary to satisfy these changes. This paper will discuss the type of simulation employed to model the waste handling operations. It will then discuss the process being used to develop the Yucca Mountain surface facilities model. The latest simulation model and the results of the simulation and how the data were used in the design evolution process will also be discussed. Since the use of dynamic simulation is iterative and integral to the design effort, future activities will also be summarized. The paper will close discussing lessons learned from applying dynamic simulation to designing complex systems, and will discuss what pitfalls to avoid and recommendations for developing flexibility in system model development.

  3. Development of environmentally advanced hydropower turbine system design concepts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Franke, G.F.; Webb, D.R.; Fisher, R.K. Jr. [Voith Hydro, Inc. (United States)] [and others

    1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A team worked together on the development of environmentally advanced hydro turbine design concepts to reduce hydropower`s impact on the environment, and to improve the understanding of the technical and environmental issues involved, in particular, with fish survival as a result of their passage through hydro power sites. This approach brought together a turbine design and manufacturing company, biologists, a utility, a consulting engineering firm and a university research facility, in order to benefit from the synergy of diverse disciplines. Through a combination of advanced technology and engineering analyses, innovative design concepts adaptable to both new and existing hydro facilities were developed and are presented. The project was divided into 4 tasks. Task 1 investigated a broad range of environmental issues and how the issues differed throughout the country. Task 2 addressed fish physiology and turbine physics. Task 3 investigated individual design elements needed for the refinement of the three concept families defined in Task 1. Advanced numerical tools for flow simulation in turbines are used to quantify characteristics of flow and pressure fields within turbine water passageways. The issues associated with dissolved oxygen enhancement using turbine aeration are presented. The state of the art and recent advancements of this technology are reviewed. Key elements for applying turbine aeration to improve aquatic habitat are discussed and a review of the procedures for testing of aerating turbines is presented. In Task 4, the results of the Tasks were assembled into three families of design concepts to address the most significant issues defined in Task 1. The results of the work conclude that significant improvements in fish passage survival are achievable.

  4. Systems analysis and futuristic designs of advanced biofuel factory concepts.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chianelli, Russ; Leathers, James; Thoma, Steven George; Celina, Mathias Christopher; Gupta, Vipin P.

    2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The U.S. is addicted to petroleum--a dependency that periodically shocks the economy, compromises national security, and adversely affects the environment. If liquid fuels remain the main energy source for U.S. transportation for the foreseeable future, the system solution is the production of new liquid fuels that can directly displace diesel and gasoline. This study focuses on advanced concepts for biofuel factory production, describing three design concepts: biopetroleum, biodiesel, and higher alcohols. A general schematic is illustrated for each concept with technical description and analysis for each factory design. Looking beyond current biofuel pursuits by industry, this study explores unconventional feedstocks (e.g., extremophiles), out-of-favor reaction processes (e.g., radiation-induced catalytic cracking), and production of new fuel sources traditionally deemed undesirable (e.g., fusel oils). These concepts lay the foundation and path for future basic science and applied engineering to displace petroleum as a transportation energy source for good.

  5. Innovative coke oven gas cleaning system for retrofit applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

    The coke plant at the Sparrows Point Plant consist of three coke oven batteries and two coal chemical plants. The by-product coke oven gas (COG) consists primarily of hydrogen, methane, carbon monoxide, nitrogen and contaminants consisting of tars, light oils (benzene, toluene, and xylene) hydrogen sulfide, ammonia, water vapor and other hydrocarbons. This raw coke oven gas needs to be cleaned of most of its contaminants before it can be used as a fuel at other operations at the Sparrows Point Plant. In response to environmental concerns, BSC decided to replace much of the existing coke oven gas treatment facilities in the two coal chemical Plants (A and B) with a group of technologies consisting of: Secondary Cooling of the Coke oven Gas; Hydrogen Sulfide Removal; Ammonia Removal; Deacification of Acid Gases Removed; Ammonia Distillation and Destruction; and, Sulfur Recovery. This combination of technologies will replace the existing ammonia removal system, the final coolers, hydrogen sulfide removal system and the sulfur recovery system. The existing wastewater treatment, tar recovery and one of the three light oil recovery systems will continue to be used to support the new innovative combination of COG treatment technologies.

  6. 2-D linear motion system. Innovative technology summary report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The US Department of Energy's (DOE's) nuclear facility decontamination and decommissioning (D and D) program requires buildings to be decontaminated, decommissioned, and surveyed for radiological contamination in an expeditious and cost-effective manner. Simultaneously, the health and safety of personnel involved in the D and D activities is of primary concern. D and D workers must perform duties high off the ground, requiring the use of manlifts or scaffolding, often, in radiologically or chemically contaminated areas or in areas with limited access. Survey and decontamination instruments that are used are sometimes heavy or awkward to use, particularly when the worker is operating from a manlift or scaffolding. Finding alternative methods of performing such work on manlifts or scaffolding is important. The 2-D Linear Motion System (2-D LMS), also known as the Wall Walker{trademark}, is designed to remotely position tools and instruments on walls for use in such activities as radiation surveys, decontamination, and painting. Traditional (baseline) methods for operating equipment for these tasks require workers to perform duties on elevated platforms, sometimes several meters above the ground surface and near potential sources of contamination. The Wall Walker 2-D LMS significantly improves health and safety conditions by facilitating remote operation of equipment. The Wall Walker 2-D LMS performed well in a demonstration of its precision, accuracy, maneuverability, payload capacity, and ease of use. Thus, this innovative technology is demonstrated to be a viable alternative to standard methods of performing work on large, high walls, especially those that have potential contamination concerns. The Wall Walker was used to perform a final release radiological survey on over 167 m{sup 2} of walls. In this application, surveying using a traditional (baseline) method that employs an aerial lift for manual access was 64% of the total cost of the improved technology. However, for areas over approximately 600 m{sup 2}, the Wall Walker would cost less than the baseline. Using the Wall Walker 2-D LMS, ALARA exposure and worker safety is improved, and there is potential for increased productivity. This innovative technology performed better than the baseline by providing real-time monitoring of the tool or instrument position. Also, the Wall Walker 2-D LMS can traverse any two-dimensional path at constant speeds of up to 18.3 linear meters per minute (60 linear feet per minute). The survey production rate for the innovative technology was about 0.6 m{sup 2}/min (6 ft{sup 2}/min); the baseline production rate was approximately 0.3 m{sup 2}/min (3 ft{sup 2}/min), using the same surveying instrument and maximum scanning rate.

  7. Gamma-ray imaging system. Innovative technology summary report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The RadScan 600 gamma-ray imaging system is designed to survey large surface areas for radiological contamination with accuracy and efficiency. The resulting survey data are clear, concise, and precise in describing how much contamination is present at exact locations. Data can be permanently stored electronically and on video tape, making storage and retrieval economical and efficient. This technology can perform accurate measurements in high radiation contamination areas while minimizing worker exposure. The RadScan 600 system is a safe and effective alternative to hand-held radiation detection devices. Performance data of the demonstrated survey area of the RadScan 600 system versus the baseline, which is the hand-held radiation detection devices (RO-2 and RO-7) for a given survey, production rate is 72% of the baseline. It should be noted that the innovative technology provides 100% coverage at a unit cost of $8.64/m{sup 2} versus a static measurement of a unit cost of $1.61/m{sup 2} for the baseline.

  8. Innovative Distributed Power Grid Interconnection and Control Systems: Final Report, December 11, 2000 - August 30, 2005

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DePodesta, K.; Birlingmair, D.; West, R.

    2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The contract goal was to further advance distributed generation in the marketplace by making installations more cost-effective and compatible with existing systems. This was achieved by developing innovative grid interconnection and control systems.

  9. Thermal processing system concepts and considerations for RWMC buried waste

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eddy, T.L.; Kong, P.C.; Raivo, B.D.; Anderson, G.L.

    1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents a preliminary determination of ex situ thermal processing system concepts and related processing considerations for application to remediation of transuranic (TRU)-contaminated buried wastes (TRUW) at the Radioactive Waste Management Complex (RWMC) of the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL). Beginning with top-level thermal treatment concepts and requirements identified in a previous Preliminary Systems Design Study (SDS), a more detailed consideration of the waste materials thermal processing problem is provided. Anticipated waste stream elements and problem characteristics are identified and considered. Final waste form performance criteria, requirements, and options are examined within the context of providing a high-integrity, low-leachability glass/ceramic, final waste form material. Thermal processing conditions required and capability of key systems components (equipment) to provide these material process conditions are considered. Information from closely related companion study reports on melter technology development needs assessment and INEL Iron-Enriched Basalt (IEB) research are considered. Five potentially practicable thermal process system design configuration concepts are defined and compared. A scenario for thermal processing of a mixed waste and soils stream with essentially no complex presorting and using a series process of incineration and high temperature melting is recommended. Recommendations for applied research and development necessary to further detail and demonstrate the final waste form, required thermal processes, and melter process equipment are provided.

  10. Concept of Operations for Real-time Airborne Management System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barr, Jonathan L.; Taira, Randal Y.; Orr, Heather M.

    2013-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this document is to describe the operating concepts, capabilities, and benefits of RAMS including descriptions of how the system implementations can improve emergency response, damage assessment, task prioritization, and situation awareness. This CONOPS provides general information on operational processes and procedures required to utilize RAMS, and expected performance benefits of the system. The primary audiences for this document are the end users of RAMS (including flight operators and incident commanders) and the RAMS management team. Other audiences include interested offices within the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), and officials from other state and local jurisdictions who want to implement similar systems.

  11. IAC-09-D3.4.7 TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT IN THE NASA INNOVATION SYSTEM: CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Weck, Olivier L.

    IAC-09-D3.4.7 TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT IN THE NASA INNOVATION SYSTEM: CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES Business Innovation Research (SBIR) and Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) programs are mandated" technologies, their record of infusion into the overall NASA innovation system is more ambiguous. The SBIR

  12. Satellite power system concept development and evaluation program system definition technical assessment report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The results of the system definition studies conducted by NASA as a part of the Department of Energy/National Aeronautics and Space Administration SPS Concept Development and Evaluation Program are summarized. The purpose of the system definition efforts was to identify and define candidate SPS concepts and to evaluate the concepts in terms of technical and cost factors. Although the system definition efforts consisted primarily of evaluation and assessment of alternative technical approaches, a reference system was also defined to facilitate economic, environmental, and societal assessments by the Department of Energy. This reference system was designed to deliver 5 GW of electrical power to the utility grid. Topics covered include system definition; energy conversion and power management; power transmission and reception; structures, controls, and materials; construction and operations; and space transportation.

  13. Building America Webinar: High-Performance Enclosure Strategies, Part I: Unvented Roof Systems and Innovative Advanced Framing Strategies

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This presentation was delivered at the February 12, 2015, Building America webinar, High-Performance Enclosure Strategies, Part I: Unvented Roof Systems and Innovative Advanced Framing Strategies.

  14. A PRODUCT ORIENTED MODELLING CONCEPT Holons for systems synchronisation and interoperability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    A PRODUCT ORIENTED MODELLING CONCEPT Holons for systems synchronisation and interoperability Salah by manufacturing information systems (informational view). This paper presents the "Holon" modelling concept the concept of holon can play a major role in ensuring interoperability in the enterprise context. 1

  15. Shaping Socio-technical System Innovation Strategies using a Five Aspects Taxonomy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Weck, Olivier L.

    1 Shaping Socio-technical System Innovation Strategies using a Five Aspects Taxonomy Donna H introduces and describes a five aspect taxonomy for the engineering of complex systems, including structural, behavioral, contextual, temporal and perceptual aspects. The taxonomy has proven useful for (1

  16. Operating System Concepts Silberschatz and Galvin 2004 revised by Wiseman12.1 File-System Structure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiseman, Yair

    by Wiseman12.5 Linked Allocation Operating System Concepts Silberschatz and Galvin 2004 revised by Wiseman12Operating System Concepts Silberschatz and Galvin 2004 revised by Wiseman12.1 File allocation Operating System Concepts Silberschatz and Galvin 2004 revised by Wiseman12.2 Contiguous

  17. KTH Innovative Centre for Embedded Systems 3rd Annual Conference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haviland, David

    energy system domains such as buildings, cities, smart grids, transportation and legislation. The program

  18. Challenges and Innovative Technologies On Fuel Handling Systems for Future Sodium-Cooled Fast Reactors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    , AREVA, and EDF have an extensive experience and significant expertise in sodium-cooled fast reactorsChallenges and Innovative Technologies On Fuel Handling Systems for Future Sodium-Cooled Fast Reactors Mathieu CHASSIGNET1;Ã , Sebastien DUMAS1 , Christophe PENIGOT1 , Ge´rard PRELE2 , Alain CAPITAINE2

  19. Innovative Telemetry System Will Help Tap Hard-to-Reach Natural Gas Resources

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The commercialization of an innovative telemetry communications system developed through a U.S. Department of Energy research program will help U.S. producers tap previously hard-to-reach natural gas resources deep underground, resulting in access to additional supplies that will help enhance national energy security.

  20. Microfluid Innovations AssayMarkTM Programmable Assay System IMPACT STATEMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ginzel, Matthew

    Microfluid Innovations AssayMarkTM Programmable Assay System NEED IMPACT STATEMENT INITIATIVE-on-a-Chip (LoC) designs. Developing new microfluidic assays or scaling existing assays to microfluidic scale at microfluidic-scale offers significant benefits over traditional bench- scale assays, ranging from lower sample

  1. Previento -A Wind Power Prediction System with an Innovative Upscaling Algorithm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heinemann, Detlev

    power plants or load management, respectively. For a time scale from some hours to two days additional of the turbine the expected power output for single sites is calculated. The method and principle we usePreviento - A Wind Power Prediction System with an Innovative Upscaling Algorithm Ulrich Focken

  2. Boundary spanning, knowledge dynamics and emerging innovation systems early lessons from nanotechnology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    nanotechnology DIME Workshop "Industrial innovation dynamics and knowledge characteristics, exploring systems. Using nanotechnology as a case the paper focuses on analysing boundary spanning effects to capture possible changes in the knowledge base and search modes related to the rise of nanotechnology

  3. System vulnerability as a concept to assess power system dynamic security

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fouad, A.A.; Qin Zhou; Vittal, V. (Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States))

    1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The concept of system vulnerability is introduced as a new framework for power system dynamic security assessment. This new concept combines information on the level of security and its trend with changing system condition. In this paper the transient energy function (TEF) method is used as a tool of analysis. The energy margin [Delta]V is used as an indicator of the level of security, and its sensitivity ([partial derivative][Delta]V/[partial derivative]p) to a changing system parameter p as an indicator of its trend. The thresholds for acceptable levels of the security indicator ([Delta]V) and its trend ([partial derivative][Delta]V/[partial derivative]p) are related to the stability limits of a critical system parameter. A method is proposed to determine these thresholds using heuristic techniques derived from operating practices and policies for a change in plant generation. Results from the IEEE 50 generator test system are presented to illustrate the procedure.

  4. Innovative technology summary report: advanced worker protection system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Advanced Worker Protection System (AWPS) is a liquid-air-based, self-contained breathing and cooling system with a duration of 2 hrs. AWPS employs a patented system developed by Oceaneering Space Systems (OSS), which was supported by the Department of Energy's (DOE's) Morgantown Energy Technology Center through a cost sharing research and development contract. The heart of the system is the life-support backpack that uses liquid air to provide cooling as well as breathing gas to the worker. The backpack is combined with advanced protective garments, an advanced liquid cooling garment (LCG), a respirator, and communications and support equipment.

  5. Laser spark distribution and ignition system - Energy Innovation...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    power pulse. The laser spark distribution and ignition system has application in natural gas fueled reciprocating engines, turbine combustors, explosives and laser induced...

  6. An Innovative Ceramic Corrosion Protection System for Zircaloy Cladding

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ronald H. Baney, Dr. D. Butt, Dr. P. Demkowicz, Dr. G. Fuchs Department of Materials Science; James S. Tulenko, Department of Nuclear and Radiological Engineering; University of Florida.

    2003-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Light Water reactor (LWR) fuel performance is currently limited by thermal, chemical and mechanical constraints associated with the design, fabrication, and operation of the fuel in incore operation. Corrosion of the zirconium based (Zircaloy-4) alloy cladding of the fuel is a primary limiting factor. Recent success at the University of Florida in developing thin ceramic films with great adhesive properties for metal substrates offers an innovative breakthrough for eliminating a major weakness of the Zircaloy clad. ?The University of Florida proposes to coat the existing Zircaloy clad tubes with a ceramic coating for corrosion protection. An added bonus of this approach would be the implementation of a boron-containing burnable poison outer layer will also be demonstrated as part of the ceramic coating development. In this proposed effort, emphasis will be on the ceramic coating with only demonstration of feasibility on the burnable outer coating approach. This proposed program i s expected to give a step change (approximately a doubling) in clad lifetime before failure due to corrosion. In the development of ceramic coatings for Zircaloy-4 clad, silicon carbide and zirconium carbide coatings will first be applied to Zircaloy-4 coupons and cladding samples by thermal assisted chemical vapor deposition, plasma assisted chemical vapor deposition or by laser ablation deposition. All of these processes are in use at the University of Florida and have shown great potential. The questions of adhesion and thermal expansion mismatch of the ceramic coating to the Zircaloy substrate will be addressed. Several solutions to these conditions will be examined, if needed. These solutions include the use of a zirconium oxide compliant layer, employment of a laser roughened surface and the use of a gradient composition interlayer. These solutions have already been shown to be effective for other high modulus coatings on metal substrates. Mechanical properties and adhesion of the coatings will be monitored as a function of the coating process parameters. The corrosion protection of the various coatings will be evaluated by accelerated corrosion testing. Engineering requirements for coating a full size Zircaloy clad tube will be determined. It is expected that the coating process will add approximately 10 dollars or 10% to the price of a tube. In the second approach, the University of Florida will demonstrate the feasibility to add a boron carbide outer layer to functions as a burnable poison.(B204)

  7. Analysis of Innovative HVAC System Technologies and Their Application for Office Buildings in Hot and Humid Climates 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tanskyi, Oleksandr

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    to evaluate energy reduction potential and the performance of innovative technologies such as dedicated outdoor air system, displacement ventilation, improved cooling system efficiency, air source heat pumps and natural gas heat pumps....

  8. Small Business Innovation Research Award Success Story: Proton Energy Systems

    Fuel Cell Technologies Publication and Product Library (EERE)

    This success story describes Proton Energy Systems, a small business that designs and manufactures proton exchange membrane (PEM) electrolysis sytems to produce hydrogen from water. The U.S. Departmen

  9. The Brazilian Pension System from an innovative perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bottino, Felipe

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The demographic changes and the growth in expenses of the social security make the current pension system in Brazil unsustainable, creating opportunities for the complementary fund industry. This work discusses the current ...

  10. Architectural innovation, functional emergence diversification in engineering systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Osorio Urzúa, Carlos A. (Carlos Alberto), 1968-

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The evolution of the architecture of long-lived complex socio-technical systems have important consequences and can happen in unexpected ways. This dissertation explores this question through the study of the architectural ...

  11. Project Profile: Innovative Ballasted Flat Roof Solar Photovoltaic Racking System

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A 2010 Rocky Mountain Institute report estimated that structural systems alone cost about $0.95 per watt for rooftop installations. Cascade is developing a plastic-based photovoltaic (PV) racking...

  12. Case Study of an Innovative HVAC System with Integral Dehumidifier

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shirey, D. B.; Raustad, R. A.

    and humidistat. The dehumidification element of the system is completely independent from the air conditioner and works nearly the same as conventional dehumidification equipment. At times, both the dehumidification equipment and the air conditioner operate...

  13. FEED SYSTEM INNOVATION FOR GASIFICATION OF LOCALLY ECONOMICAL ALTERNATIVE FUELS (FIGLEAF)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michael L. Swanson; Mark A. Musich; Darren D. Schmidt; Joseph K. Schultz

    2003-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Feed System Innovation for Gasification of Locally Economical Alternative Fuels (FIGLEAF) project was conducted by the Energy & Environmental Research Center and Gasification Engineering Corporation of Houston, Texas (a subsidiary of Global Energy Inc., Cincinnati, Ohio), with 80% cofunding from the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). The goal of the project was to identify and evaluate low-value fuels that could serve as alternative feedstocks and to develop a feed system to facilitate their use in integrated gasification combined-cycle and gasification coproduction facilities. The long-term goal, to be accomplished in a subsequent project, is to install a feed system for the selected fuel(s) at Global Energy's commercial-scale 262-MW Wabash River Coal Gasification Facility in West Terre Haute, Indiana. The feasibility study undertaken for the project consisted of identifying and evaluating the economic feasibility of potential fuel sources, developing a feed system design capable of providing a fuel at 400 psig to the second stage of the E-Gas (Destec) gasifier to be cogasified with coal, performing bench- and pilot-scale testing to verify concepts and clarify decision-based options, reviewing information on high-pressure feed system designs, and determining the economics of cofeeding alternative feedstocks with the conceptual feed system design. A preliminary assessment of feedstock availability within Indiana and Illinois was conducted. Feedstocks evaluated included those with potential tipping fees to offset processing cost: sewage sludge, municipal solid waste, used railroad ties, urban wood waste (UWW), and used tires/tire-derived fuel. Agricultural residues and dedicated energy crop fuels were not considered since they would have a net positive cost to the plant. Based on the feedstock assessment, sewage sludge was selected as the primary feedstock for consideration at the Wabash River Plant. Because of the limited waste heat available for drying and the ability of the gasifier to operate with alternative feedstocks at up to 80% moisture, a decision was made to investigate a pumping system for delivering the as-received fuel across the pressure boundary into the second stage of the gasifier. A high-pressure feed pump and fuel dispersion nozzles were tested for their ability to cross the pressure boundary and adequately disperse the sludge into the second stage of the gasifier. These results suggest that it is technically feasible to get the sludge dispersed to an appropriate size into the second stage of the gasifier although the recycle syngas pressure needed to disperse the sludge would be higher than originally desired. A preliminary design was prepared for a sludge-receiving, storage, and high-pressure feeding system at the Wabash River Plant. The installed capital costs were estimated at approximately $9.7 million, within an accuracy of {+-}10%. An economic analysis using DOE's IGCC Model, Version 3 spreadsheet indicates that in order to justify the additional capital cost of the system, Global Energy would have to receive a tipping fee of $12.40 per wet ton of municipal sludge delivered. This is based on operation with petroleum coke as the primary fuel. Similarly, with coal as the primary fuel, a minimum tipping of $16.70 would be required. The availability of delivered sludge from Indianapolis, Indiana, in this tipping-fee range is unlikely; however, given the higher treatment costs associated with sludge treatment in Chicago, Illinois, delivery of sludge from Chicago, given adequate rail access, might be economically viable.

  14. Innovative Systems for Solar Air Conditioning of Buildings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kessling, W.; Peltzer, M.

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    kessling@transsolar.com Dipl.-Ing. Matthias PELTZER Technical Director L-DCS Technology GmbH Muenchener Str. 101, 85737 Ismaning b. Munich matthias.peltzer@l-dcs.com ABSTRACT Solar air conditioning is an attractive technology to achieve comfortable room... states (4). The room return air (5) is used in a latent heat recovery (6) (psychometric process see Figure 4). To illuminate the excellent system performance a typical cooling load profile for a standard office build- ing in the hot and humid climate...

  15. Wind Turbine System State Awareness - Energy Innovation Portal

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron SpinPrincetonUsingWhat is abig world of tinyWindEnergySystem State

  16. FEED SYSTEM INNOVATION FOR GASIFICATION OF LOCALLY ECONOMICAL ALTERNATIVE FUELS (FIGLEAF)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michael L. Swanson; Mark A. Musich; Darren D. Schmidt

    2001-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Feed System Innovation for Gasification of Locally Economical Alternative Fuels (FIGLEAF) project is being conducted by the Energy and Environmental Research Center and Gasification Engineering Corporation of Houston, Texas (a subsidiary of Global Energy Inc., Cincinnati, Ohio), with 80% cofunding from the U.S. Department of Energy. The goal of the project is to identify and evaluate low-value fuels that could serve as alternative feedstocks and to develop a feed system to facilitate their use in integrated gasification combined cycle and gasification coproduction facilities. The long-term goal, to be accomplished in a subsequent project, is to install a feed system for the selected fuels at Global Energy's commercial-scale 262-MW Wabash River Coal Gasification Facility in West Terre Haute, Indiana. The feasibility study undertaken for the project consists of identifying and evaluating the economic feasibility of potential fuel sources, developing a feed system design capable of providing a fuel at 400 psig to the second stage of the E-Gas (Destec) gasifier to be cogasified with coal at up to 30% on a Btu basis, performing bench- and pilot-scale testing to verify concepts and clarify decision-based options, reviewing prior art with respect to high-pressure feed system designs, and determining the economics of cofeeding alternative feedstocks with the conceptual feed system design. Activities and results thus far include the following. Several potential alternative fuels have been obtained for evaluation and testing as potential feedstocks, including sewage sludge, used railroad ties, urban wood waste, municipal solid waste, and used waste tires/tire-derived fuel. Only fuels with potential tipping fees were considered; potential energy crop fuels were not considered since they would have a net positive cost to the plant. Based on the feedstock assessment, sewage sludge has been selected as one of the primary feedstocks for consideration at the Wabash plant. Because of the limited waste heat available for drying and the ability of the gasifier to operate with alternative feedstocks at up to 80% moisture, a decision was made to investigate a pumping system for delivering the as-received fuel across the pressure boundary. High-temperature drop-tube furnace tests were conducted to determine if explosive fragmentation of high-moisture sludge droplets could be expected, but showed that these droplets underwent a shrinking and densification process that implies that the sludge will have to be well dispersed when injected into the gasifier. Fuel dispersion nozzles have been obtained for measuring how well the sludge can be dispersed in the second stage of the gasifier. Future work will include leasing a Schwing America pump to test pumping sewage sludge against 400 psig. In addition, sludge dispersion testing will be completed using two different dispersion nozzles to determine their ability to generate sludge particles small enough to be entrained out of the E-Gas entrained-flow gasifier.

  17. MICROFLUIDIC: AN INNOVATIVE TOOL FOREFFICIENT CELL SORTING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    MICROFLUIDIC: AN INNOVATIVE TOOL FOREFFICIENT CELL SORTING Julien Auteberta , Benoit Couderta-louis.viovy@curie.frmailto:. Abstract At first mostly dedicated to molecular analysis, microfluidic systems are rapidly expanding, biological and fluidic environment at the scale of the cells. A number of new concepts based on microfluidics

  18. Commercialization and Innovation Fact Sheet

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    grant works to acceler- ate the transition of innovative energy efficiency and renewable energy concepts from university laboratories to the market. The i6 Green Challenge grant...

  19. Innovation in China’s Defense Research, Development, and Acquisition System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CHEUNG, Tai Ming

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    on the Study of Innovation and Technology in China, whichThe Study of Innovation and Technology in China (SITC) is aInnovation came overwhelmingly from foreign technology and

  20. Evolution and System Characteristics of China’s Science, Technology, and Innovation Policies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WANG, Yuan

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    STUDY OF INNOVATION AND TECHNOLOGY IN CHINA POLICY BRIEF STIThe Study of Innovation and Technology in China (SITC) is aof China’s Science, Technology, and Innovation Policies WANG

  1. Innovative coke oven gas cleaning system for retrofit applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Bethlehem Steel Corporation (BSC), in conjunction with the Department of Energy (DOE) is conducting a Clean Coal Technology (CCT) project at its Sparrows Point, Maryland Coke Oven Plant. This project combines several existing technologies into an integrated system for removing impurities from Coke Oven Gas (COG) to make it an acceptable fuel. DOE is providing cost-sharing under a Cooperative Agreement with BSC. This Cooperative Agreement requires BSC to develop and conduct an Environmental Monitoring Plan (EMP) for the Clean Coal Technology project and to report the status of the EMP on a quarterly basis. This report is the third quarterly status report of the EMP. It covers the Environmental Monitoring Plan activities for the full year of 1991 from January 1, 1991 through December 31, 1991, including the forth quarter. See Sections 2, 3 and 4 for status reports of the Project Installation and Commissioning, the Environmental Monitoring activities and the Compliance Monitoring results for the period. Section 5 contains a list of Compliance Reports submitted to regulatory agencies during the period. The EMP describes in detail the environmental monitoring activities to be performed during the project execution. The purpose of the EMP is to: (1) document the extent of compliance of monitoring activities, i.e. those monitoring required to meet permit requirements, (2) confirm the specific impacts predicted in the National Environmental Policy Act documentation, and (3) establish an information base for the assessment of the environmental performance of the technology demonstrated by the project.

  2. New concepts used in the Murchison field submerged production system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Morton, A.W.

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    New concepts were used to install three satellite subsea wells at Conoco's Murchison field, located in 510 feet of water in the North Sea. Originally drilled as exploratory wells, they were re-entered and completed. The sequence of events in bringing the wells to production incorporate the following concepts: Completion with dual 3/one-half/sub d/ouble prime/ tubing retrievable safety valves inside 9 5/8/double prime/-47 pound casing; subsea controllers were not used; flowline bundles were constructed onshore and towed below the surface 264 miles to the field; six high-pressure lines were connected at one time using metal to metal gaskets while the flowline bundle was buoyant nine feet off the seafloor. Production from two satellite subsea wells demonstrated the viability of using exploratory wells for field development.

  3. Safety Verification of the Small Aircraft Transportation System Concept of Operations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Muñoz, César A.

    performed for the Small Aircraft Transportation System (SATS) Concept of Operations (ConOps). The concept of operation complies with a set of safety requirements. It is also shown that the ConOps has some desirable of Operations for Higher Volume Operation (SATS-HVO ConOps) has been developed by a team at NASA Langley

  4. aircraft system concept: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    aircraft conducting High Volume Valasek, John 4 Aircraft System Identification Using Artificial Neural Networks Engineering Websites Summary: Aircraft System Identification Using...

  5. Stimulating Energy Technology Innovation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moniz, Ernest J.

    The innovation system has interrelated components of invention, translation, adoption, and diffusion. Energy technology innovation has lagged that in other domains, and there is a compelling public interest in picking up ...

  6. Concept of SPDS integrated into Distributed Computer System (DCS)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anikanov, S. S. [Westinghouse LLC, 4350 Northern Pike, Monroeville, PA 15146 (United States)

    2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Implementation of the Safety Parameter Display System (SPDS) during the NPP modernization activities or for the new plant imposes certain requirements on the system design. In many cases, such SPDS system functionality is integrated into the non-safety part of the Distributed Computer System (DCS). The SPDS becomes organically embedded into the major I and C hardware and application software. However, from the licensing perspective, SPDS shall be designed as a functional entity which satisfies industry standards and as such imposes requirements to the other plant MMI systems. 'Other MMI systems' that are used to support the operating staff during normal, abnormal and emergency plant conditions include Main Control Room Workstations, Shared Wall Panel Display (WPD), and other information systems. The SPDS resources, used to address the system requirements, also include the Emergency Response Facilities (TSC, Emergency on-site Facilities, and Emergency off-site Facilities). (authors)

  7. Detector or System? Extending the Concept of Detective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the Performance of Digital Radiographic Imaging Systems1 EhsanSamei,PhD NicoleT.Ranger,MSc Alistair for measuring the effective detective quantum efficiency (eDQE) of digital radiographic imaging systems the image quality of radiographic and mammographic systems while reducing patient dose. RSNA, 2008 1 From

  8. Creating a meta model describing a production system's concepts and their relations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lucas, Peter

    . The responsibility of this control entity is to make a planning, based on the incoming orders and what has happened.............................................................................................................................18 Planning and controlCreating a meta model describing a production system's concepts and their relations Freek van den

  9. Application of reliability concepts to the Nepal power system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Billinton, R.; Pandey, M.; Aboreshaid, S.; Fotuhi-Firuzabad, M. [Univ. of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan (Canada). Power Systems Research Group

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    In many of the less industrialized countries throughout the world, reliability is incorporated in power system planning and operation using traditional deterministic techniques. This is the case with the Nepal Power System (NPS), where developed expansion plans have been based on non-probabilistic criteria. This paper illustrates the application of probabilistic methods to reliability evaluation of the NPS. Evaluations at both the generation and composite generation and transmission system levels have been performed. The overall system and nine major load centers have been assessed. These load points carry in total more than 54% of the system load. An assessment of an expansion plan proposed by the Nepal Electricity Authority (NEA) has been performed. The results indicate the reliability implications associated with the system and the proposed expansion plan, and show that quantitative reliability evaluation of the NPS is both possible and practical.

  10. advanced system concepts: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of all classical mechanical systems (mass-points, rigid bodies, continua, point-bodies, etc.). The presentation is based on new notions of vector calculus -- homogeneous and...

  11. INNOVATION. PARTNERSHIP.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    RESEARCH. INNOVATION. PARTNERSHIP. WESTERN COOLING EFFICIENCY CENTER ANNUAL REPORT ON COOLING a new structure, or in a near- crisis when the existing system breaks...a decision that prob- ably won with cooling in California. These trends create some of the key challenges faced by the Western Cooling

  12. Distributed Systems and Recent Innovations: Challenges and Benefits Krishna Nadiminti, Marcos Dias de Assuno, and Rajkumar Buyya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buyya, Rajkumar

    Distributed Systems and Recent Innovations: Challenges and Benefits Krishna Nadiminti, Marcos Dias de Assunção, and Rajkumar Buyya Grid Computing and Distributed Systems Laboratory Department, the Web represents a huge distributed system that appears as a single resource to the user available

  13. Security policy concepts for microprocessor-based systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Axline, R.M. Jr.; Ormesher, R.C.

    1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents security policies for microprocessor-based systems and gives an example of how to enforce these policies, using an independent, hardware-based monitor, in a hypothetical single-processor system. The purpose of these policies is to detect erroneous behavior of the microprocessor system and to guarantee that accesses (read, write, or execute), by executable procedures,to the various system resources (other procedure, data areas, and peripheral ports) are in accordance with rules that are defined precisely and completely. We present the main result of our research as a ''Second-Order Security Policy'', which describes a segmentation of system resources into a number of ''Blocks'' and defines access rights of each ''Process Block'' to all Blocks in the system. The hardware-monitor example is a conceptual design of an independent monitor that we believe can be built to enforce the second-order policy in real time. This approach will be effective in preventing erroneous accesses to data structures and peripherals and in detecting errors in the transfer of program control from Block to Block. 9 refs., 11 figs., 3 tabs.

  14. INTEGRATED PYROLYSIS COMBINED CYCLE BIOMASS POWER SYSTEM CONCEPT DEFINITION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eric Sandvig; Gary Walling; Robert C. Brown; Ryan Pletka; Desmond Radlein; Warren Johnson

    2003-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Advanced power systems based on integrated gasification/combined cycles (IGCC) are often presented as a solution to the present shortcomings of biomass as fuel. Although IGCC has been technically demonstrated at full scale, it has not been adopted for commercial power generation. Part of the reason for this situation is the continuing low price for coal. However, another significant barrier to IGCC is the high level of integration of this technology: the gas output from the gasifier must be perfectly matched to the energy demand of the gas turbine cycle. We are developing an alternative to IGCC for biomass power: the integrated (fast) pyrolysis/ combined cycle (IPCC). In this system solid biomass is converted into liquid rather than gaseous fuel. This liquid fuel, called bio-oil, is a mixture of oxygenated organic compounds and water that serves as fuel for a gas turbine topping cycle. Waste heat from the gas turbine provides thermal energy to the steam turbine bottoming cycle. Advantages of the biomass-fueled IPCC system include: combined cycle efficiency exceeding 37 percent efficiency for a system as small as 7.6 MW{sub e}; absence of high pressure thermal reactors; decoupling of fuel processing and power generation; and opportunities for recovering value-added products from the bio-oil. This report provides a technical overview of the system including pyrolyzer design, fuel clean-up strategies, pyrolysate condenser design, opportunities for recovering pyrolysis byproducts, gas turbine cycle design, and Rankine steam cycle. The report also reviews the potential biomass fuel supply in Iowa, provide and economic analysis, and present a summery of benefits from the proposed system.

  15. Innovative Gamma Ray Spectrometer Detection Systems for Conducting Scanning Surveys on Challenging Terrain - 13583

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Palladino, Carl; Mason, Bryan; Engle, Matt; LeVangie, James [The Palladino Company, Inc., 720 Fillmore St., San Francisco, CA 94117 (United States)] [The Palladino Company, Inc., 720 Fillmore St., San Francisco, CA 94117 (United States); Dempsey, Gregg [United States Environmental Protection Agency, P.O. Box 98517, Las Vegas, NV 89193-8517 (United States)] [United States Environmental Protection Agency, P.O. Box 98517, Las Vegas, NV 89193-8517 (United States); Klemovich, Ron [HydroGeoLogic, Inc., 6340 Glenwood, Suite 200, Building No. 7, Overland Park, KS 66202 (United States)] [HydroGeoLogic, Inc., 6340 Glenwood, Suite 200, Building No. 7, Overland Park, KS 66202 (United States)

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Santa Susana Field Laboratory located near Simi Valley, California was investigated to determine the nature and extent of gamma radiation anomalies. The primary objective was to conduct gamma scanning surveys over 100 percent of the approximately 1,906,000 square meters (471 acre) project site with the most sensitive detection system possible. The site had challenging topography that was not conducive to traditional gamma scanning detection systems. Terrain slope varied from horizontal to 48 degrees and the ground surface ranged from flat, grassy meadows to steep, rocky hillsides. In addition, the site was home to many protected endangered plant and animal species, and archaeologically significant sites that required minimal to no disturbance of the ground surface. Therefore, four innovative and unique gamma ray spectrometer detection systems were designed and constructed to successfully conduct gamma scanning surveys of approximately 1,076,000 square meters (266 acres) of the site. (authors)

  16. Development and Demonstration of an Innovative Thermal Energy Storage System for Baseload Power Generation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    D. Y. Goswami

    2012-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this project is to research and develop a thermal energy storage system (operating range 3000C ���¢�������� 450 0C ) based on encapsulated phase change materials (PCM) that can meet the utility-scale base-load concentrated solar power plant requirements at much lower system costs compared to the existing thermal energy storage (TES) concepts. The major focus of this program is to develop suitable encapsulation methods for existing low-cost phase change materials that would provide a cost effective and reliable solution for thermal energy storage to be integrated in solar thermal power plants. This project proposes a TES system concept that will allow for an increase of the capacity factor of the present CSP technologies to 75% or greater and reduce the cost to less than $20/kWht.

  17. Engineering principles and concepts for active solar systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hunn, B.D.; Carlisle, N.; Franta, G.; Kolar, W. (eds.)

    1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This publication is a much refined and updated version of a solar design handbook originally prepared in 1978 to accompany a series of week-long courses conducted in support of the Solar Federal Buildings Program. The 1978 material was published in 1981 as the Solar Design Workbook (SERI/SP-62-308). This current document represents the culmination of an eight-year effort to compile a comprehensive state-of-the-art reference and instructional tool for practicing design professionals, architects, and engineers. It is intended to cover all phases of the design and installation of active solar energy systems for buildings. Although it contains many design guidelines, the emphasis is on providing sufficient knowledge of how these systems work to allow an engineer or architect to make well-informed decisions. It is aimed primarily at commercial building applications, but most of the material is also applicable to residential buildings.

  18. Nonlinear system identification using the MRAS technique and hyperstability concepts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schatte, Alvin Robert

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . Page 1. Example of Using a Taylor Series Expansion for the Function, f (x) '3 2. General MRAS Configuration 3. 8asic Hyperstability System 4. Parallel or Response Error MRAS Identification 5. Equation Error or Series Parallel MRAS Identification 6... Zl. Parametric Convergence for Model of (5. 2) 68 '69 71 72 75 77 Fig. 22. Nonlinear Power Series Model Results on Plant with Dead Zone 23. Parameter Convergence for Power Series Nodel of Dead Zone Nonlinear Plant 24. Zeroth Degree Taylor...

  19. Analysis of Innovative HVAC System Technologies and Their Application for Office Buildings in Hot and Humid Climates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tanskyi, Oleksandr

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    air distribution system VAV ? Variable air volume VFD ? Variable frequency drive wb ? wet-bulb WERC ? Wisenbaker Engineering Research Center viii TABLE OF CONTENTS Page ABSTRACT... fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 2010 Major Subject: Mechanical Engineering Analysis of Innovative HVAC System Technologies and Their Application for Office...

  20. Assessment of solar options for small power systems applications. Volume III. Analysis of concepts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Laity, W.W.; Aase, D.T.; Apley, W.J.; Bird, S.P.; Drost, M.K.; Garrett-Price, B.A.; Williams, T.A.

    1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A comparative analysis of solar thermal conversion concepts that are potentially suitable for development as small electric power systems (1 to 10 MWe) is given. Seven generic types of collectors, together with associated subsystems for electric power generation, were considered. The collectors can be classified into three categories: (1) two-axis tracking (with compound-curvature reflecting surfaces; (2) one-axis tracking (with single-curvature reflecting suraces; and (3) nontracking (with low-concentration reflecting surfaces). All seven collectors were analyzed in conceptual system configurations with Rankine-cycle engines. In addition, two of the collectors (the Point Focus Central Receiver and the Point Focus Distributed Receiver) were analyzed with Brayton-cycle engines, and the latter of the two also was analyzed with Stirling-cycle engines. This volume describes the systems analyses performed on all the alternative configurations of the seven generic collector concepts and the results obtained. The SOLSTEP computer code used to determine each configuration's system cost and performance is briefly described. The collector and receiver performance calculations used are also presented. The capital investment and related costs that were obtained from the systems studies are presented, and the levelized energy costs are given as a function of capacity factor obtained from the systems studies. Included also are the values of the other attributes used in the concepts' final ranking. The comments, conclusions, and recommendations developed by the PNL study team during the concept characterization and systems analysis tasks of the study are presented. (WHK)

  1. Alternative Design Concepts for Multi-Circuit HTS Link Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ballarino, A

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Superconducting cables for power transmission usually contain two conductors for DC application, or three conductors for AC, with high voltage insulation. In contrast, for some applications related to accelerators it is convenient to transfer high currents via superconducting links feeding a number of circuits at relatively low voltage, of the order of a kilovolt, over distances of up to a few hundred meters. For power transmission applications based on cooling via sub-cooled liquid nitrogen, suitable HTS conductors are only available in the form of tape, and a multi-layer variant can be envisaged for the multi-circuit links. However, where cooling to temperatures of the order of 20 K is feasible, MgB2 conductor, available in the form of both tape and wire, can also be envisaged and in the latter case used to assemble round cables. There are, therefore, two distinct topologies - based on the use of wires or tapes - that can be envisaged for use in applications to multi-circuit link systems. In this paper the ...

  2. Preliminary Systems Design Study assessment report. Volume 5, Land disposal compliance and hydrogen generation restricted concepts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mayberry, J.L.; Feizollahi, F.; Del Signore, J.C.

    1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The System Design Study (SDS), part of the Waste Technology Development Department at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL), examined techniques available for the remediation of hazardous and transuranic waste stored at the Radioactive Waste Management Complex`s Subsurface Disposal Area at the INEL. Using specific technologies, system concepts for treating the buried waste and the surrounding contaminated soil were evaluated. Evaluation included implementability, effectiveness, and cost. The SDS resulted in the development of technology requirements including demonstration, testing, and evaluation activities needed for implementing each concept.

  3. Sustainable Innovation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Armendariz, A.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    or Unsustainable a) Rate of consumption of energy and matter b) Consumption, toxicity, and persistence c) Unintended consequences (2) Solutions a) Systems thinking b) Sources of Innovation c) Ideality (3) Regional challenges -- dead zone, wetlands loss... lived the way Americans live? If everyone in the world lived the way Americans live? We would need 4 planet earths to support them all. Not only quantity -- Toxicity ? Toxics Release Inventory (TRI) ? 4.44 billion lbs. of toxic chemicals...

  4. Spanish Power Exchange Market and Information System Design concepts, and operating experience

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tesfatsion, Leigh

    Spanish Power Exchange Market and Information System Design concepts, and operating experience Jose Abstract: Since January, 1st, 1998, the new Spanish: Since January, 1st, 1998, the new Spanish Electricity negotiate all power exchanges through the spot market. The Spanish Power Exchange Market Operator (Compañia

  5. Concept selection northwest boundary containment system. Rocky Mountain Arsenal, Denver, Colorado

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anderson, B.L.; Bergeron, P.

    1981-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    RMA and USATHAMA have been tasked with developing a preliminary conceptual design for the Northwest Boundary Contamination Control System. Specific tasks included in this program follow: (1) Provide a Concept Selection with supporting Rationale for the recommended control system. This design will include the number of dewatering and recharge wells, the type of treatment system, the monitoring well requirements, the spacing of wells, the location of the barrier and wells, and the expected performance of the system components; (2) Provide a buy versus lease analysis for the treatment system; and (3) Prepare a 1391C and PDB-1 Document for submission from the technical operations directorate to the installation service directorate at RMA.

  6. Performance Assessment Modeling and Sensitivity Analyses of Generic Disposal System Concepts.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sevougian, S. David; Freeze, Geoffrey A. [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM; Gardner, William Payton [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM; Hammond, Glenn Edward [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM; Mariner, Paul [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM

    2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    directly, rather than through simplified abstractions. It also a llows for complex representations of the source term, e.g., the explicit representation of many individual waste packages (i.e., meter - scale detail of an entire waste emplacement drift). This report fulfills the Generic Disposal System Analysis Work Packa ge Level 3 Milestone - Performance Assessment Modeling and Sensitivity Analyses of Generic Disposal System Concepts (M 3 FT - 1 4 SN08080 3 2 ).

  7. Passive-solar-cooling system concepts for small office buildings. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Whiddon, W.I.; Hart, G.K.

    1983-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes the efforts of a small group of building design professionals and energy analysis experts to develop passive solar cooling concepts including first cost estimates for small office buildings. Two design teams were brought together at each of two workshops held in the fall of 1982. Each team included an architect, mechanical engineer, structural engineer, and energy analysis expert. This report presents the passive cooling system concepts resulting from the workshops. It summarizes the design problems, solutions and first-cost estimates relating to each technology considered, and documents the research needs identified by the participants in attempting to implement the various technologies in an actual building design. Each design problem presented at the workshops was based on the reference (base case) small office building analyzed as part of LBL's Cooling Assessment. Chapter II summarizes the thermal performance, physical specifications and estimated first-costs of the base case design developed for this work. Chapters III - VI describe the passive cooling system concepts developed for each technology: beam daylighting; mass with night ventilation; evaporative cooling; and integrated passive cooling systems. The final Chapters, VII and VIII present the preliminary implications for economics of passive cooling technologies (based on review of the design concepts) and recommendations of workshop participants for future research in passive cooling for commercial buildings. Appendices provide backup information on each chapter as indicated.

  8. Innovative . Flexible . RegionalInnovative . Flexible . Regional Health Care

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shihadeh, Alan

    Executive Master in Innovative . Flexible . RegionalInnovative . Flexible . Regional Health Care Learning Outcomes Health Systems, Policy and Reform - Communicating with Policy Makers - Evidence - Human Resources Management - Data and Decision Making Executive Master in Health Care Leadership (EMHCL

  9. French Atomic Energy Commission innovation program for future reactors research and development on safety systems and new technologies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Raymond, P. [Commissariat a l`Energie Atomique, St. Paul lez Durance (France)

    1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The CEA R&D program for water nuclear reactors is mainly divided in three program issues: R&D for operating reactors, R&D for the next generation of reactor in support of the European Pressurised Reactor (EPR) project - Innovative systems and future reactors. This {open_quotes}Innovative Systems and future reactors{close_quotes} R&D program involves various mean and long term studies on the following fields: Advanced Core Design and Fuel Cycle Strategies; New safety systems and technologies - Severe accident - Reactors evaluation and design - Advanced fuels, absorbers and burnable poisons. In the following communication, we will present the motivations, the objectives and the main results of the various research programs linked to these items. 19 refs., 6 figs.

  10. Web Mining: From Concepts to Practical Systems University of Alberta Dr. Osmar R. Zaane, 2001 1 Web Mining: From Concepts to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zaiane, Osmar R.

    Mining: From Concepts to Practical Systems University of Alberta Dr. Osmar R. Zaïane, 2001 7 Evolution, database creation (hierarchical and network models) · 1970s: Relational data model, relational DBMS.) and application-oriented DBMS (spatial, scientific, engineering, etc.). · 1990s: Data mining and data warehousing

  11. Innovative coke oven gas cleaning system for retrofit applications. Volume 1, Public design report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

    This Public Design Report provides, in a single document, available nonproprietary design -information for the ``Innovative Coke Oven Gas Cleaning System for Retrofit Applications`` Demonstration Project at Bethlehem Steel Corporation`s Sparrows Point, Maryland coke oven by-product facilities. This project demonstrates, for the first time in the United States, the feasibility of integrating four commercially available technologies (processes) for cleaning coke oven gas. The four technologies are: Secondary Gas Cooling, Hydrogen Sulfide and Ammonia Removal, Hydrogen Sulfide and Ammonia Recovery, and Ammonia Destruction and Sulfur Recovery. In addition to the design aspects, the history of the project and the role of the US Department of,Energy are briefly discussed. Actual plant capital and projected operating costs are also presented. An overview of the integration (retrofit) of the processes into the existing plant is presented and is followed by detailed non-proprietary descriptions of the four technologies and their overall effect on reducing the emissions of ammonia, sulfur, and other pollutants from coke oven gas. Narrative process descriptions, simplified process flow diagrams, input/output stream data, operating conditions, catalyst and chemical requirements, and utility requirements are given for each unit. Plant startup provisions, environmental considerations and control monitoring, and safety considerations are also addressed for each process.

  12. The influence of higher education on the national innovation system in Portugal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ringo, John Decker

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Many economists agree that countries wishing to develop their national economies should focus on increasing their innovation output. In recent years, the Portuguese government has pursued this goal, taking strides to improve ...

  13. The core and the periphery in distributed and self-organizing innovation systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lakhani, Karim R. (Karim Raziabdullah), 1970-

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Internet has enabled the large-scale mobilization of individuals to self-organize and innovate outside of formal organizations. My dissertation consists of three studies examining the functioning of such self-organizing ...

  14. DEVELOPMENT OF OPERATIONAL CONCEPTS FOR ADVANCED SMRs: THE ROLE OF COGNITIVE SYSTEMS ENGINEERING

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jacques Hugo; David Gertman

    2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Advanced small modular reactors (AdvSMRs) will use advanced digital instrumentation and control systems, and make greater use of automation. These advances not only pose technical and operational challenges, but will inevitably have an effect on the operating and maintenance (O&M) cost of new plants. However, there is much uncertainty about the impact of AdvSMR designs on operational and human factors considerations, such as workload, situation awareness, human reliability, staffing levels, and the appropriate allocation of functions between the crew and various automated plant systems. Existing human factors and systems engineering design standards and methodologies are not current in terms of human interaction requirements for dynamic automated systems and are no longer suitable for the analysis of evolving operational concepts. New models and guidance for operational concepts for complex socio-technical systems need to adopt a state-of-the-art approach such as Cognitive Systems Engineering (CSE) that gives due consideration to the role of personnel. This approach we report on helps to identify and evaluate human challenges related to non-traditional concepts of operations. A framework - defining operational strategies was developed based on the operational analysis of Argonne National Laboratory’s Experimental Breeder Reactor-II (EBR-II), a small (20MWe) sodium-cooled reactor that was successfully operated for thirty years. Insights from the application of the systematic application of the methodology and its utility are reviewed and arguments for the formal adoption of CSE as a value-added part of the Systems Engineering process are presented.

  15. Organization as Innovation: China’s Human Spaceflight Program’s Efforts to Instill a Quality Management System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pollpeter, Kevin

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Study of Innovation and Technology in China (SITC) is aplaces the role of technology innovation in a broadertechnology itself. THE ROLES OF ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE AND PROCESS IN ENABLING INNOVATION

  16. Investigating alternative concepts of operations for a maritime security system of systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mekdeci, Brian Anthony

    For complex systems of systems, such as those required to perform maritime security, system architects have numerous choices they may select from, both in the components and in the way the system operates. Component choices, ...

  17. Innovative Business Cases for Energy Storage In a Restructured Electricity Marketplace, A Study for the DOE Energy Storage Systems Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    IANNUCCI, JOE; EYER, JIM; BUTLER, PAUL C.

    2003-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes the second phase of a project entitled ''Innovative Business Cases for Energy Storage in a Restructured Electricity Marketplace''. During part one of the effort, nine ''Stretch Scenarios'' were identified. They represented innovative and potentially significant uses of electric energy storage. Based on their potential to significantly impact the overall energy marketplace, the five most compelling scenarios were identified. From these scenarios, five specific ''Storage Market Opportunities'' (SMOs) were chosen for an in-depth evaluation in this phase. The authors conclude that some combination of the Power Cost Volatility and the T&D Benefits SMOs would be the most compelling for further investigation. Specifically, a combination of benefits (energy, capacity, power quality and reliability enhancement) achievable using energy storage systems for high value T&D applications, in regions with high power cost volatility, makes storage very competitive for about 24 GW and 120 GWh during the years of 2001 and 2010.

  18. "Actuation at a distance" of microelectromechanical systems using photoelectrowetting: proof-of-concept

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gaudet, Matthieu

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We demonstrate here a proof-of-concept experiment that microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) can be actuated using photoelectrowetting. In order to demonstrate this, a 30 \\mu m thick aluminum cantilever is actuated using an ordinary white light source. A deflection of 56 \\mu m is observed using a light irradiance equal to \\approx 1000 W m-2 at a bias of 7 V. The deflection of the cantilever relies on the recently observed photoelectrowetting effect [Sci. Rep.1, 184 (2011)]. Such "actuation at a distance" could be useful for optical addressing and control of autonomous wireless sensors, MEMS and microsystems.

  19. Preliminary Concept of Operations for a Global Cylinder Identification and Monitoring System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Whitaker, J. M. [ORNL; White-Horton, J. L. [ORNL; Morgan, J. B. [InSolves Associates

    2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes a preliminary concept of operations for a Global Cylinder Identification and Monitoring System that could improve the efficiency of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in conducting its current inspection activities and could provide a capability to substantially increase its ability to detect credible diversion scenarios and undeclared production pathways involving UF6 cylinders. There exist concerns that a proliferant State with access to enrichment technology could obtain a cylinder containing natural or low-enriched uranium hexafluoride (UF6) and produce a significant quantity (SQ)1 of highly enriched uranium in as little as 30 days. The National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) through the Next Generation Safeguards Initiative sponsored a multi-laboratory team to develop an integrated system that provides for detecting scenarios involving 1) diverting an entire declared cylinder for enrichment at a clandestine facility, 2) misusing a declared cylinder at a safeguarded facility, and 3) using an undeclared cylinder at a safeguarded facility. An important objective in developing this integrated system was to improve the timeliness for detecting the cylinder diversion and undeclared production scenarios. Developing this preliminary concept required in-depth analyses of current operational and safeguards practices at conversion, enrichment, and fuel fabrication facilities. The analyses evaluated the processing, movement, and storage of cylinders at the facilities; the movement of cylinders between facilities (including cylinder fabrication); and the misuse of safeguarded facilities.

  20. Model of innovation transfer in small and medium enterprises (SME)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Model of innovation transfer in small and medium enterprises (SME) Justyna Patalas-Maliszewska1 society, governments and entrepreneurs. In this paper the concept of innovation transfer in SME based of innovation transfer - based on correlations between innovation level in the enterprise sector SME

  1. A three dimensional simulation of a thermal experiment conducted on an accelerator driven system target model concept

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pratt, Preston Persley

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Accelerator transmutation of waste (ATW) is a new concept that would destroy actinides in spent fuel and produce electrical power. This study explores the possibility of modeling the thermo-hydraulics of this system with computational fluid...

  2. Ecological and Economical efficient Heating and Cooling by innovative Gas Motor Heat Pump Systems and Solutions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    #12;Ecological and Economical efficient Heating and Cooling by innovative Gas Motor Heat Pump use of buildings Gas Heat Pump Solution #12;Gas Heat Pump - deserves special attention due to its source in addition to the outside air ·A further essential component of Gas Heat Pump air conditioning

  3. Virginia Tech Selected to Continue Development of Innovative...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Virginia Tech Selected to Continue Development of Innovative Building Automation System Virginia Tech Selected to Continue Development of Innovative Building Automation System...

  4. Abstract--This paper introduces new concepts for evaluation of the power system steady state operations, namely the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in the highly competitive electricity market and complex, aging and stressed power system infrastructure Electric Power Company) just watched their system voltage decreasing while the load was increasing fast1 Abstract--This paper introduces new concepts for evaluation of the power system steady state

  5. NREL Spectrum of Innovation

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2013-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

    There are many voices calling for a future of abundant clean energy. The choices are difficult and the challenges daunting. How will we get there? The National Renewable Energy Laboratory integrates the entire spectrum of innovation including fundamental science, market relevant research, systems integration, testing and validation, commercialization and deployment. The innovation process at NREL is interdependent and iterative. Many scientific breakthroughs begin in our own laboratories, but new ideas and technologies come to NREL at any point along the innovation spectrum to be validated and refined for commercial use.

  6. Operating System Concepts Silberschatz and Galvin 2004 revised by Wiseman5.1 A thread (or lightweight process) is a basic unit of CPU utilization;

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiseman, Yair

    Operating System Concepts Silberschatz and Galvin 2004 revised by Wiseman5.1 Threads · A thread Concepts Silberschatz and Galvin 2004 revised by Wiseman5.2 Single and Multithreaded Processes Operating System Concepts Silberschatz and Galvin 2004 revised by Wiseman5.3 Threads (Cont.) · In a multiple

  7. Nuclear proliferation and civilian nuclear power. Report of the Nonproliferation Alternative Systems Assessment Program. Volume VIII. Advanced concepts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The goal of the Nonproliferation Alternative Systems Assessment Program has been to provide recommendations for the development and deployment of more proliferation-resistant civilian nuclear-power systems without jeopardizing the development of nuclear energy. In principle, new concepts for nuclear-power systems could be designed so that materials and facilities would be inherently more proliferation-resistant. Such advanced, i.e., less-developed systems, are the subject of this volume. Accordingly, from a number of advanced concepts that were proposed for evaluation, six representative concepts were selected: the fast mixed-spectrum reactor; the denatured molten-salt reactor; the mixed-flow gaseous-core reactor; the linear-accelerator fuel-regenerator reactor; the ternary metal-fueled electronuclear fuel-producer reactor; and the tokamak fusion-fission hybrid reactor.

  8. Modulated Tool-Path (MTP) Chip Breaking System - Energy Innovation Portal

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHighandSWPA / SPRA /Ml'. WilliamEnergy Innovation Portal

  9. Hybrid Radiator-Cooling System (ANL-IN-11-096) - Energy Innovation Portal

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHigh School football HighdefaultSandy-Nor'easterInnovation Portal Find

  10. Abstract-This paper presents some initial concepts in the design and development of actuating systems based on shape memory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    systems based on shape memory alloy for Minimally Invasive Surgery (MIS). Specially the motivation on utilization of shape memory alloy as a part of switching mechanism. Various design concepts for the switching (MIS), tissue/liquid storage mechanisms, hybrid actuating system, shape memory alloy I. INTRODUCTION

  11. DESIGN AND LAYOUT CONCEPTS FOR COMPACT, FACTORY-PRODUCED, TRANSPORTABLE, GENERATION IV REACTOR SYSTEMS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mynatt Fred R.; Townsend, L.W.; Williamson, Martin; Williams, Wesley; Miller, Laurence W.; Khan, M. Khurram; McConn, Joe; Kadak, Andrew C.; Berte, Marc V.; Sawhney, Rapinder; Fife, Jacob; Sedler, Todd L.; Conway, Larry E.; Felde, Dave K.

    2003-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this research project is to develop compact (100 to 400 MWe) Generation IV nuclear power plant design and layout concepts that maximize the benefits of factory-based fabrication and optimal packaging, transportation and siting. The reactor concepts selected were compact designs under development in the 2000 to 2001 period. This interdisciplinary project was comprised of three university-led nuclear engineering teams identified by reactor coolant type (water, gas, and liquid metal) and a fourth Industrial Engineering team. The reactors included a Modular Pebble Bed helium-cooled concept being developed at MIT, the IRIS water-cooled concept being developed by a team led by Westinghouse Electric Company, and a Lead-Bismuth-cooled concept developed by UT. In addition to the design and layout concepts this report includes a section on heat exchanger manufacturing simulations and a section on construction and cost impacts of proposed modular designs.

  12. DOE Issues Funding Opportunity for Innovations to Increase Cybersecuri...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Funding Opportunity for Innovations to Increase Cybersecurity for Energy Delivery Systems DOE Issues Funding Opportunity for Innovations to Increase Cybersecurity for Energy...

  13. Future Computing Needs for Innovative Confinement Concepts

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of Washington, Seattle August 3, 2010 Large Scale Computing Needs for Fusion Energy Science Workshop Rockville, MD Charlson C. Kim, PSI-Center Future Computing Needs of...

  14. Liquid Walls Innovative High Power Density Concepts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Los Angeles, University of

    Surface Heat Flux > 2 MW/m2 2. High Power Conversion Efficiency (> 40%) 3. High Availability -Lower rrr ×= V r J r PV r B r 1P 2P g r + - V r #12;V(initial momentum) g rFluidIn FluidOutBackingWall 2Dsurfaceturbulence · Poloidal Pumping + - J r - flowpoloidal direction - Enhancesurfaceheat transferwith2D turbulence

  15. FLEXIBILITY IN WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT: REVIEW OF CONCEPTS AND DEVELOPMENT OF ASSESSMENT MEASURES FOR FLOOD MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tullos, Desiree

    FLEXIBILITY IN WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT: REVIEW OF CONCEPTS AND DEVELOPMENT OF ASSESSMENT variability/change; risk assessment; flood management; water resources flexibility.) DiFrancesco, Kara N of Assessment Measures for Flood Management Systems. Journal of the American Water Resources Association (JAWRA

  16. Abstract Microgrids are a new concept for future energy dis-tribution systems that enable renewable energy integration and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Emmanuel

    1 Abstract ­ Microgrids are a new concept for future energy dis- tribution systems that enable renewable energy integration and improved energy management capability. Microgrids consist of multiple power quality and power distribution reliability, microgrids need to operate in both grid

  17. Program assessment report, statement of findings. Satellite power systems concept development and evaluation program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    1980-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    What is known, uncertain, and unknown about the Solar Power Satellite (SPS) concept is stated. The important technical, environmental, and cost goal questions that must be answered prior to making a commitment to the SPS concept are discussed. Although significant technological, environmental and economic questions remain to be answered, the preliminary investigations undertaken in the CDEP do provide a basis for a policy decision on further commitment. Also, areas of research and experimentation required to acquire the knowledge by which a series of informed, time-phased decisions may be made concerning the possibility of the SPS concept playing a major role in the United States' energy future are suggested.

  18. Innovation and Transportation's Technologies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garrison, William L.

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    decision making. Innovation and technology lock-in hasStage 1 imagine the innovation and technology developmentof emphasizing innovation and technology development. Pull

  19. Air quality and Intelligent Transportation Systems : understanding Integrated Innovation, Deployment and Adaptation of Public Technologies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dodder, Rebecca Susanne

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    During the past two decades, Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) have provided transportation organizations with increasingly advanced tools both to operate and manage systems in real-time. At the same time, federal ...

  20. Daylighting and solar shading performances of an innovative automated reflective louver system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hashemi, Arman

    2014-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

    follows initial investigations into the design and applicability of an automated retrofitted panel thermal shutters which can also act as a sunshade and daylighting system. The system has a patented function which allows each shutter...

  1. Options Study Documenting the Fast Reactor Fuels Innovative Design Activity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jon Carmack; Kemal Pasamehmetoglu

    2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document provides presentation and general analysis of innovative design concepts submitted to the FCRD Advanced Fuels Campaign by nine national laboratory teams as part of the Innovative Transmutation Fuels Concepts Call for Proposals issued on October 15, 2009 (Appendix A). Twenty one whitepapers were received and evaluated by an independent technical review committee.

  2. Innovative nuclear thermal propulsion technology evaluation: Results of the NASA/DOE Task Team study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Howe, S. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)); Borowski, S. (National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Cleveland, OH (United States). Lewis Research Center); Motloch, C. (EG and G Idaho, Inc., Idaho Falls, ID (United States)); Helms, I. (Nuclear Utility Services, Damascus, MD (United States)); Diaz, N.; Anghaie, S. (Florida Univ., Gainesville, FL (United States)); Latham, T. (United

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In response to findings from two NASA/DOE nuclear propulsion workshops held in the summer of 1990, six task teams were formed to continue evaluation of various nuclear propulsion concepts. The Task Team on Nuclear Thermal Propulsion (NTP) created the Innovative Concepts Subpanel to evaluate thermal propulsion concepts which did not utilize solid fuel. The Subpanel endeavored to evaluate each of the concepts on a level technological playing field,'' and to identify critical technologies, issues, and early proof-of-concept experiments. The concepts included the liquid core fission, the gas core fission, the fission foil reactors, explosively driven systems, fusion, and antimatter. The results of the studies by the panel will be provided. 13 refs., 6 figs., 2 tabs.

  3. Preliminary Systems Design Study assessment report. [Evaluation of using specific technologies, system concepts for treating the buried waste and the surrounding contaminated soil

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mayberry, J.L.; Feizollahi, F.; Del Signore, J.C.

    1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The System Design Study (SDS), part of the Waste Technology Development Department at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL), examined techniques available for the remediation of hazardous and transuranic waste stored at the Radioactive Waste Management Complex's Subsurface Disposal Area at the INEL. Using specific technologies, system concepts for treating the buried waste and the surrounding contaminated soil were evaluated. Evaluation included implementability, effectiveness, and cost. The SDS resulted in the development of technology requirements including demonstration, testing, and evaluation activities needed for implementing each concept.

  4. Patent Law and Complementary Innovations Yann Mnirey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Patent Law and Complementary Innovations Yann Ménièrey CERNA, Ecole Nationale Supérieure des mines: Innovation, Patent, R&D, Complementarity I am grateful to John Barton, Matthieu Glachant, François Lévêque #12;The patent system was initially designed to provide incentives to develop stand-alone innovations

  5. Gas Technology Institute and Encorp Inc.: Innovative Interconnection and Control Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Summarizes the work of the Gas Technology Institute and Encorp Inc., under contract to DOEs Distribution and Interconnection R&D, to develop interconnection and control systems for distributed power.

  6. Gas Technology Institute and Encorp Inc.: Innovative Interconnection and Control Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Summarizes the work of the Gas Technology Institute and Encorp Inc., under contract to DOE's Distribution and Interconnection R&D, to develop interconnection and control systems for distributed power.

  7. Air Quality and Intelligent Transportation Systems: Understanding Integrated Innovation, Deployment and Adaptation of Public Technologies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Weck, Olivier L.

    and Adaptation of Public Technologies by Rebecca Susanne Dodder B.A. Physics and Spanish 7 8anderbilt University and Adaptation of Public Technologies by Rebecca Susanne Dodder Submitted to the Engineering Systems Division

  8. Projects Selected to Advance Innovative Materials for Fossil Energy Power Systems

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Four projects that will develop capabilities for designing sophisticated materials that can withstand the harsh environments of advanced fossil energy power systems have been selected by the U.S. Department of Energy.

  9. System development technical interactions and innovation : a network-based investigation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Makumbe, Pedzisayi O

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The development of complex engineering systems such as aircraft engines involves many cross functional teams that are usually geographically distributed. These teams interact in several ways but one of the most important ...

  10. Evolution and System Characteristics of China’s Science, Technology, and Innovation Policies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WANG, Yuan

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    China began its S&T system reform, featuring cuts on direct gov-gov- ernment leaders who all put science and technology in a central position in China’

  11. Error-Control and Digitalization Concepts for Chemical and Biomolecular Information Processing Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vladimir Privman

    2010-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider approaches for controlling the buildup of noise by design of gates for chemical and biomolecular computing, in order to realize stable, scalable networks for multi-step information processing. Solvable rate-equation models are introduced and used to illustrate several recently developed concepts and methodologies. We also outline future challenges and possible research directions.

  12. Innovative coke oven gas cleaning system for retrofit applications. Environmental Monitoring program. Volume 1 - sampling progrom report. Baseline Sampling Program report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stuart, L.M.

    1994-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Bethlehem Steel Corporation (BSC), in conjunction with the Department of Energy (DOE) is conducting a Clean Coal Technology (CCT) project at its Sparrows Point, Maryland Coke Oven Plant. This innovative coke oven gas cleaning system combines several existing technologies into an integrated system for removing impurities from Coke Oven Gas (COG) to make it an acceptable fuel. DOE provided cost-sharing under a Cooperative Agreement with BSC. This Cooperative Agreement requires BSC to develop and conduct and Environmental Monitoring Plan for the Clean Coal Technology project and to report the status of the EMP on a quarterly basis. It also requires the preparation of a final report on the results of the Baseline Compliance and Supplemental Sampling Programs that are part of the EMP and which were conducted prior to the startup of the innovative coke oven gas cleaning system. This report is the Baseline Sampling Program report.

  13. ISTANBUL TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY NEW USER-CENTERED METHODS FOR DESIGN INNOVATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mutlu, Bilge

    ISTANBUL TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY NEW USER-CENTERED METHODS FOR DESIGN INNOVATION: A STUDY ON THE ROLE OF EMERGING METHODS IN INNOVATIVE PRODUCT DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT M of the 'Innovation' Concept 16 3.2. The Theory of Innovation: A Historical and Theoretical Overview 17 3

  14. Innovative Partnering 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lowe, Emilie

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Innovative partnering Texas A&M, McKinney develop water conservation venture The University of Texas at Arlington?s Program in Landscape Architect assisted in the design of a one-acre water conservation garden for McKinney. The garden will demonstrate... is to educate city officials, developers, landscapers, homeowners, adults, and chil- dren about water conservation and quality. The center developed a water conservation seminar series and a three-part television series on water conservation that airs...

  15. Opportunity Thinking for Open Innovation innovation?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghosh, Joydeep

    · Technology innovation process · Shared services Copyright © 2012 NewEdge25 #12;Leveraging multiple sourcesOpportunity Thinking for Open Innovation #12;Why open innovation? Copyright © 2012 NewEdge2 #12;Opportunity! Open innovation promises to make an attractive opportunity even more attractive. · Better

  16. CONCEPTION OPTIMALE DES SYSTEMES INSTRUMENTS DE SECU RIT : UNE APPROCHE PAR LES BLOCS DIAGRAMMES DE FIABILIT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    par les normes de sécurité IEC 61508 et IEC 61511. L'étude proposée s'inscrit dans le contexte de l conception d'un SIS, utilisé dans le document ISATR84.00.022002 relatif à la norme IEC 61508, qui doit les SIS, deux normes de sécurité sont utilisées : l'IEC 61508 (IEC61508, 1998) et l'IEC 61511 (IEC

  17. Comparison of cask and drywell storage concepts for a monitored retrievable storage/interim storage system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rasmussen, D.E.

    1982-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Department of Energy, through its Richland Operations Office is evaluating the feasibility, timing, and cost of providing a federal capability for storing the spent fuel, high-level wastes, and transuranic wastes that DOE may be obligated by law to manage until permanent waste disposal facilities are available. Three concepts utilizing a monitored retrievable storage/interim storage (MRS/IS) facility have been developed and analyzed. The first concept, co-location with a reprocessing plant, has been developed by staff of Allied General Nuclear Services. the second concept, a stand-alone facility, has been developed by staff of the General Atomic Company. The third concept, co-location with a deep geologic repository, has been developed by the Pacific Northwest Laboratory with the assistance of the Westinghouse Hanford Company and Kaiser Engineers. The objectives of this study are: to develop preconceptual designs for MRS/IS facilities: to examine various issues such as transportation of wastes, licensing of the facilities, and environmental concerns associated with operation of such facilities; and to estimate the life-cycle costs of the facilities when operated in response to a set of scenarios that define the quantities and types of waste requiring storage in specific time periods, generally spanning the years 1989 to 2037. Three scenarios are examined to develop estimates of life-cycle costs for the MRS/IS facilities. In the first scenario, the reprocessing plant is placed in service in 1989 and HLW canisters are stored until a repository is opened in the year 1998. Additional reprocessing plants and repositories are placed in service at intervals as needed to meet the demand. In the second scenario, the reprocessing plants are delayed in starting operations by 10 years, but the repositories open on schedule. In the third scenario, the repositories are delayed 10 years, but the reprocessing plants open on schedule.

  18. A Spanish reference concept for a repository in granite -- The role of the barrier system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nilsson, L.B.; Sellin, P. [Swedish Nuclear Fuel and Waste Management Co., Stockholm (Sweden); Huertas, F. [Empresa Nacional de Residuos Radiactivos, S.A., Madrid (Spain); Pusch, R. [Clay Technology, Lund (Sweden)

    1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    ENRESA, the organization responsible for radioactive waste management in Spain, is considering clay, salt and granite as optional host rocks for spent fuel disposal. The main features of a reference repository concept developed for the granite alternative is presented as well as a preliminary assessment of its long-term performance. Comments are given on issues, which should be studied more in depth in the continued R and D program.

  19. Building America Top Innovations 2013 Profile Â… Quality Management System Guidelines

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: Theof Energy Future ofHydronic HeatingManagement of High-Rmanagement system

  20. Public outcomes: Building a 21st century national innovation system that serves the public

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gover, J. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Huray, P.; Carayannis, E. [George Washington Univ., Washington, DC (United States)

    1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Federal R and D must be principally focused on solving public problems that the marketplace is failing to address. With few exceptions programs must be supported by roadmaps that show how the R and D is linked to public outcomes. Federal R and D and those who perform it must be judged in terms of the public outcomes. The overarching issues of federal R and D policy, what it should address, how to manage it, who should perform it, how to perform it, what works best, etc. are highly complex and lack a strong theoretical foundation. (In fact, the linear, assembly-line model used by policymakers is wrong.) It is time that policymakers recognize and acknowledge the uncertainty of their work and conduct a wide array of policy experiments (the authors consider SEMATECH such an experiment) that are supported by public outcome metrics. In addition to making federal R and D better address public needs, such an approach to policy making could raise the public`s interest in T and S policy. Of course, as in any experiment the results may be measured and if failures aren`t observed, it is likely that policies lack vision and imagination. It is time to abandon the budget driven federal R and D system where performers of federal R and D are treated as constituents, and replace it with a public problem--public outcome driven system where public problems are prioritized and the budget is distributed to agencies according to these priorities.

  1. Analysis of integrating compressed air energy storage concepts with coal gasification/combined-cycle systems for continuous power production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nakhamkin, M.; Patel, M.; Andersson, L. (Energy Storage and Power Consultants, Inc., Mountainside, NJ (United States))

    1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A previous study sponsored by EPRI concluded that integrating a compressed-air energy storage (CAES) plant with a coal-gasification system (CGS) can reduce the required capacity and cost of the expensive gasification system. The results showed that when compared at an equal plant capacity, the capital cost of the CGS portion of the integrated CAES/CGS plant can be reduced by as much as 30% relative to the same portion of an integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) plant. Furthermore, the capital cost of the CAES/CGS.plant, configured as a peaking unit, was found to be slightly lower than that of the base-load IGCC plant. However, the overall economics of the CAES/CGS plant were adversely affected by the low capacity factor of the peak-load service, and ultimately, were found to be less attractive than the IGCC plant. The main objective of this study was to develop and analyze integrated CAES/CGS power plant concepts which provide for continuous (around-the-clock) operation of both the CAES reheat turboexpander train and the CGS facility. The developed concepts also provide utility-load management functions by driving the CAES compressor trains with off-peak electricity supplied through the grid. EPRI contracted with Energy Storage Power Consultants, Inc. (ESPC) to develop conceptual designs, optimized performance characteristics, and preliminary cost data for these CAES/CGS concepts, and to provide a technical and cost comparison to the IGCC plant. The CAES/CGS concepts developed by ESPC for the current study contrast from those of Reference 1.

  2. Interline Photovoltaic (I-PV) power system - A novel concept of power flow control and management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khadkikar, Vinod

    This paper presents a new system configuration for a large-scale Photovoltaic (PV) power system with multi-line transmission/distribution networks. A PV power plant is reconfigured in a way that two adjacent power system ...

  3. Eco-innovation indicator workshop 29th September 2005 at

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in implementing the Environment Technology Action Plan, linked to the Lisbon agenda · Currently, the field of eco-innovation frames in eco-innovation development: the innovation chain or system; and environment technology with itsEco-innovation indicator workshop 29th September 2005 at European Environment Agency Conclusions

  4. Seismic Protection of Bridge Structures Using Shape Memory Alloy-Based Isolation Systems against Near-Field Earthquakes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ozbulut, Osman Eser

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The damaging effects of strong ground motions on highway bridges have revealed the limitations of conventional design methods and emphasized the need for innovative design concepts. Although seismic isolation systems have been proven...

  5. A Case Study Correlating Innovative Gamma Ray Scanning Detection Systems Data to Surface Soil Gamma Spectrometry Results - 13580

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thompson, Shannon; Rodriguez, Rene; Billock, Paul [HydroGeoLogic, Inc., 11107 Sunset Hills Road, Suite 400, Reston, VA 20190 (United States)] [HydroGeoLogic, Inc., 11107 Sunset Hills Road, Suite 400, Reston, VA 20190 (United States); Lit, Peter [Nomad Science Group, 7738 Nautilus Shell Street, Las Vegas, NV 89139 (United States)] [Nomad Science Group, 7738 Nautilus Shell Street, Las Vegas, NV 89139 (United States)

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    HydroGeoLogic (HGL), Inc. completed a United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) study to characterize radiological contamination at a site near Canoga Park, California. The characterized area contained 470 acres including the site of a prototype commercial nuclear reactor and other nuclear design, testing, and support operations from the 1950's until 1988 [1]. The site history included radiological releases during operation followed by D and D activities. The characterization was conducted under an accelerated schedule and the results will support the project remediation. The project has a rigorous cleanup to background agenda and does not allow for comparison to risk-based guidelines. To target soil sample locations, multiple lines of evidence were evaluated including a gamma radiation survey, geophysical surveys, historical site assessment, aerial photographs, and former worker interviews. Due to the time since production and decay, the primary gamma emitting radionuclide remaining is cesium-137 (Cs-137). The gamma ray survey covered diverse, rugged terrain using custom designed sodium iodide thallium-activated (NaI(Tl)) scintillation detection systems. The survey goals included attaining 100% ground surface coverage and detecting gamma radiation as sensitively as possible. The effectiveness of innovative gamma ray detection systems was tested by correlating field Cs-137 static count ratios to Cs-137 laboratory gamma spectrometry results. As a case study, the area encompassing the former location of the first nuclear power station in the U. S. was scanned, and second by second global positioning system (GPS)-linked gamma spectral data were evaluated by examining total count rate and nuclide-specific regions of interest. To compensate for Compton scattering from higher energy naturally occurring radionuclides (U-238, Th-232 and their progeny, and K-40), count rate ratios of anthropogenic nuclide-specific regions of interest to the total count rate were calculated. From the scanning data, locations with observed Cs-137 ratios exceeding six standard deviations above the mean ratio were mapped in high resolution [2]. Field teams returned to those locations to collect static count measurements using the same detection systems. Soil surface samples were collected at 30 locations and analyzed for Cs-137. An exponential correlation was identified between Cs-137 concentrations in surface soil and field-scanned Cs-137 ratios. The data indicate field minimum detectable concentration (MDC) of Cs-137 at 0.02 Bq/g (0.5 pCi/g) or lower depending on contaminant distribution in soil. (authors)

  6. Innovative Partnering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lowe, Emilie

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    tx H2O | pg. 14 T he city of McKinney, Texas and Texas AgriLife Research and Extension Urban Solutions Center at Dallas are partnering on a six-year plan to educate and bring research-based innovations to McKinney residents. The goal... is to help them manage water resources efficiently. This partnership developed after the summer of 2006 when McKinney, one of the fastest growing cities in the United States, was faced with a severe drought that placed the city in a stage three drought...

  7. Innovation Celebration

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHigh SchoolIn Other News linkThermalInner Area Principles TheInnovation

  8. Innovation Prize

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHigh SchoolIn Other News linkThermalInner Area PrinciplesInnovationSinha

  9. Regenerative Heater Optimization for Steam Turbo-Generation Cycles of Generation IV Nuclear Power Plants with a Comparison of Two Concepts for the Westinghouse International Reactor Innovative and Secure (IRIS)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Williams, W.C.

    2002-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The intent of this study is to discuss some of the many factors involved in the development of the design and layout of a steam turbo-generation unit as part of a modular Generation IV nuclear power plant. Of the many factors involved in the design and layout, this research will cover feed water system layout and optimization issues. The research is arranged in hopes that it can be generalized to any Generation IV system which uses a steam powered turbo-generation unit. The research is done using the ORCENT-II heat balance codes and the Salisbury methodology to be reviewed herein. The Salisbury methodology is used on an original cycle design by Famiani for the Westinghouse IRIS and the effects due to parameter variation are studied. The vital parameters of the Salisbury methodology are the incremental heater surface capital cost (S) in $/ft{sup 2}, the value of incremental power (I) in $/kW, and the overall heat transfer coefficient (U) in Btu/ft{sup 2}-degrees Fahrenheit-hr. Each is varied in order to determine the effects on the cycles overall heat rate, output, as well as, the heater surface areas. The effects of each are shown. Then the methodology is then used to compare the optimized original Famiani design consisting of seven regenerative feedwater heaters with an optimized new cycle concept, INRC8, containing four regenerative heaters. The results are shown. It can be seen that a trade between the complexity of the seven stage regenerative Famiani cycle and the simplicity of the INRC8 cycle can be made. It is desired that this methodology can be used to show the ability to evaluate modularity through the value of size a complexity of the system as well as the performance. It also shows the effectiveness of the Salisbury methodology in the optimization of regenerative cycles for such an evaluation.

  10. INNOVATIVE EDDY CURRENT PROBE FOR MICRO DEFECTS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Santos, Telmo G.; Vilaca, Pedro; Quintino, Luisa [IDMEC, Av. Rovisco Pais, 1049-001 Lisbon (Portugal); Santos, Jorge dos [GKSS, Max-Planck-Street 1, D-21502 Geesthacht (Germany); Rosado, Luis [IST, UTL, Av. Rovisco Pais, 1049-001 Lisbon (Portugal)

    2010-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reports the development of an innovative eddy current (EC) probe, and its application to micro-defects on the root of the Friction Stir Welding (FSW). The new EC probe presents innovative concept issues, allowing 3D induced current in the material, and a lift-off independence. Validation experiments were performed on aluminium alloys processed by FSW. The results clearly show that the new EC probe is able to detect and sizing surface defects about 60 microns depth.

  11. Understanding emergent innovation ecosystems in health care

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Phillips, Mark A

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the source of much research (Devezas, 2005; Dosi, 1997; Malerba, et al, 1999). Tushman (1986), concluded that breakthroughs, or technological discontinuities, significantly increases environmental uncertainty. The concept of disruptive innovations was re... (Bernabo et al., 2009a) and biotechnology (Bernabo et al., 2009b; Eselius et al., 2008; Shmulewitz, et al, 2006). Intercompany collaboration is one of the primary strategies (Bores, et al, 2003) with most innovation happening at the boundaries between...

  12. Innovative Technologies and Techniques

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Samano, R.; Swinford, S.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    November 2014 Innovative Technologies and Techniques ESL-KT-14-11-22 CATEE 2014: Clean Air Through Efficiency Conference, Dallas, Texas Nov. 18-20 What’s New in Energy Efficient Cooling Systems? ? Director of Energy Management ? Moving Away From... Refrigerants ? LEED ? Reducing the Carbon Footprint ? Improving Indoor Air Quality - IAQ ? High Efficiency Fans and Motors ? Economizers ESL-KT-14-11-22 CATEE 2014: Clean Air Through Efficiency Conference, Dallas, Texas Nov. 18-20 Outside Air Management Experts...

  13. A Concept for Testing and Diagnosis of Embedded Systems based on Extended

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zachmann, Gabriel

    , automatic diagnose systems like EMYCIN and MED2 were successfully used in medicine, and it was shown become popular for control flow specification of state/transition-based systems, and many related analysis methods have been developed. These comprise automatic test derivation Systems Testing

  14. An Innovative System for the Efficient and Effective Treatment of Non-Traditional Waters for Reuse in Thermoelectric Power Generation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    John Rodgers; James Castle

    2008-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This study assessed opportunities for improving water quality associated with coal-fired power generation including the use of non-traditional waters for cooling, innovative technology for recovering and reusing water within power plants, novel approaches for the removal of trace inorganic compounds from ash pond effluents, and novel approaches for removing biocides from cooling tower blowdown. This research evaluated specifically designed pilot-scale constructed wetland systems for treatment of targeted constituents in non-traditional waters for reuse in thermoelectric power generation and other purposes. The overall objective of this project was to decrease targeted constituents in non-traditional waters to achieve reuse criteria or discharge limitations established by the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) and Clean Water Act (CWA). The six original project objectives were completed, and results are presented in this final technical report. These objectives included identification of targeted constituents for treatment in four non-traditional water sources, determination of reuse or discharge criteria for treatment, design of constructed wetland treatment systems for these non-traditional waters, and measurement of treatment of targeted constituents in non-traditional waters, as well as determination of the suitability of the treated non-traditional waters for reuse or discharge to receiving aquatic systems. The four non-traditional waters used to accomplish these objectives were ash basin water, cooling water, flue gas desulfurization (FGD) water, and produced water. The contaminants of concern identified in ash basin waters were arsenic, chromium, copper, mercury, selenium, and zinc. Contaminants of concern in cooling waters included free oxidants (chlorine, bromine, and peroxides), copper, lead, zinc, pH, and total dissolved solids. FGD waters contained contaminants of concern including arsenic, boron, chlorides, selenium, mercury, chemical oxygen demand (COD), and zinc. Similar to FGD waters, produced waters contained contaminants of concern that are predominantly inorganic (arsenic, cadmium, chlorides, chromium, copper, lead, mercury, nickel, sulfide, zinc, total dissolved solids), but also contained some organics (benzene, PAHs, toluene, total organic carbon, total suspended solids, and oil and grease). Constituents of concern that may cause chemical scaling, biofouling and corrosion, such as pH, hardness and ionic strength, and nutrients (P, K, and N) may also be found in all four non-traditional waters. NPDES permits were obtained for these non-traditional waters and these permit limits are summarized in tabular format within this report. These limits were used to establish treatment goals for this research along with toxicity values for Ceriodaphnia dubia, water quality criteria established by the US EPA, irrigation standards established by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), and reuse standards focused on minimization of damage to the power plant by treated waters. Constructed wetland treatment systems were designed for each non-traditional water source based on published literature reviews regarding remediation of the constituents of concern, biogeochemistry of the specific contaminants, and previous research. During this study, 4 non-traditional waters, which included ash basin water, cooling water, FGD water and produced water (PW) were obtained or simulated to measure constructed wetland treatment system performance. Based on data collected from FGD experiments, pilot-scale constructed wetland treatment systems can decrease aqueous concentrations of elements of concern (As, B, Hg, N, and Se). Percent removal was specific for each element, including ranges of 40.1% to 77.7% for As, 77.6% to 97.8% for Hg, 43.9% to 88.8% for N, and no measureable removal to 84.6% for Se. Other constituents of interest in final outflow samples should have aqueous characteristics sufficient for discharge, with the exception of chlorides (<2000 mg/L). Based on total dissolved solids, co-

  15. Scientific Innovation Through Integration Investing in Innovation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scientific Innovation Through Integration Investing in Innovation: EMSL and the American Recovery transfer (FRET) in living cells. Transcriptional profiling using next-generation sequencing technology (RNA Act, EMSL users are benefitting from a $60 million investment in innovation that will further develop

  16. Bibliography for the Satellite Power System (SPS) Concept Development and Evaluation Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abromavage, M.; Calzadilla, R.; Murray, M.

    1981-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This bibliography encompasses systems definition and engineering aspects; environmental assessment of microwave health and ecology, risks to space workers and atmospheric effects; a societal assessment covering resource requirements (land and materials) international and institutional issues; and a comparative assessment of the SPS Reference System relative to other advanced energy technologies, such as fusion. (MHR)

  17. Evaluation of Adaptive Computing Concepts for Classical ERP Systems and Enterprise Services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kemper, Alfons

    effects that determine the load curve of such an ERP training system [2]. 1) The basic characteristics can Resource Planning Systems (ERP), a peak-load oriented hardware sizing is often used. Better utilization can load data re- vealed that many applications exhibit cyclical resource consumption. In this paper we

  18. Digital control systems in nuclear power plants: Failure information, modeling concepts, and applications. Revision 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Galyean, W.J.

    1993-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

    This report briefly describes some current applications of advanced computerized digital display and control systems at US commercial nuclear power plants and presents the results of a literature search that was made to gather information on the reliability of these systems. Both hardware and software reliability were addressed in this review. Only limited failure rate information was found, with the chemical process industry being the primary source of information on hardware failure rates and expert opinion the primary source for software failure rates. Safety-grade digital control systems are typically installed on a functional like-for-like basis, replacing older analog systems without substantially changing interactions with other plant systems. Future work includes performing a limited probabilistic risk assessment of a representative DCS to assess its risk significance.

  19. Digital control systems in nuclear power plants: Failure information, modeling concepts, and applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Galyean, W.J.

    1993-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

    This report briefly describes some current applications of advanced computerized digital display and control systems at US commercial nuclear power plants and presents the results of a literature search that was made to gather information on the reliability of these systems. Both hardware and software reliability were addressed in this review. Only limited failure rate information was found, with the chemical process industry being the primary source of information on hardware failure rates and expert opinion the primary source for software failure rates. Safety-grade digital control systems are typically installed on a functional like-for-like basis, replacing older analog systems without substantially changing interactions with other plant systems. Future work includes performing a limited probabilistic risk assessment of a representative DCS to assess its risk significance.

  20. Novel Concepts for Damage-Resistant Alloys in Next Generation Nuclear Power Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stephen M. Bruemmer; Peter L. Andersen; Gary Was

    2002-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

    The discovery of a damage-resistant alloy based on Hf solute additions to a low-carbon 316SS is the highlight of the Phase II research. This damage resistance is supported by characterization of radiation-induced microstructures and microchemistries along with measurements of environmental cracking. The addition of Hf to a low-carbon 316SS reduced the detrimental impact of radiation by changing the distribution of Hf. Pt additions reduced the impact of radiation on grain boundary segregation but did not alter its effect on microstructural damage development or cracking. Because cracking susceptibility is associated with several material characteristics, separate effect experiments exploring strength effects using non-irradiated stainless steels were conducted. These crack growth tests suggest that irradiation strength by itself can promote environmental cracking. The second concept for developing damage resistant alloys is the use of metastable precipitates to stabilize the microstructure during irradiation. Three alloys have been tailored for evaluation of precipitate stability influences on damage evolution. The first alloy is a Ni-base alloy (alloy 718) that has been characterized at low neutron irradiation doses but has not been characterized at high irradiation doses. The other two alloys are Fe-base alloys (PH 17-7 and PH 17-4) that have similar precipitate structures as alloy 718 but is more practical in nuclear structures because of the lower Ni content and hence lesser transmutation to He.

  1. Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Award Success Story...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Proton Energy Systems Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Award Success Story: Proton Energy Systems This success story describes Proton Energy Systems, a small business that...

  2. Control Engineering Practice 11 (2003) 163170 A mechatronic conception of a new intelligent braking system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    , residual friction, noise, vibrations, a new brake has been designed according to a modular principle which describes a new intelligent braking system for motor vehicles. A mechatronic approach helped to avoid some

  3. Agent-based Cyber Control Strategy Design for Resilient Control Systems: Concepts, Architecture and Methodologies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Craig Rieger; Milos Manic; Miles McQueen

    2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The implementation of automated regulatory control has been around since the middle of the last century through analog means. It has allowed engineers to operate the plant more consistently by focusing on overall operations and settings instead of individual monitoring of local instruments (inside and outside of a control room). A similar approach is proposed for cyber security, where current border-protection designs have been inherited from information technology developments that lack consideration of the high-reliability, high consequence nature of industrial control systems. Instead of an independent development, however, an integrated approach is taken to develop a holistic understanding of performance. This performance takes shape inside a multiagent design, which provides a notional context to model highly decentralized and complex industrial process control systems, the nervous system of critical infrastructure. The resulting strategy will provide a framework for researching solutions to security and unrecognized interdependency concerns with industrial control systems.

  4. Concepts and applications of wireless security systems for tactical, portable, and fixed sites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harrington, J.J.

    1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Intrusion detection systems sometimes use radio signals to convey sensor status in areas that wire conduits do not service or as a redundant path to wired systems. Some applications benefit from radio technology by minimizing setup time and reducing installation and operation costs. In recent years with the explosion in wireless communications, these radio-based security systems have become more capable while lowering costs, size, and power consumption. However, the very nature of radio communication raises issues regarding setup, operation, and security of these systems. Sandia National Laboratories, in cooperation with government and industry, has addressed many of these issues through the analysis and development of security systems, communications protocols, and operational procedures. Message encryption and frequent channel supervision are used to enhance security. Installation and maintenance of these systems are simplified by incorporating built-in radio link analysis, menu-driven configuration equipment, and other techniques. Commercial communications satellites and spread-spectrum radios are also being integrated to provide unique capabilities to the security community. The status of this work is presented here along with details of its development.

  5. PROCESSES OF INSTITUTIONAL INNOVATION: REFERENCE TOOLS FOR ECO-CITIES IN FRANCE AND DENMARK

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    managerial systems and labels are being introduced. For instance, innovations like zero- energy housing

  6. Science, technology and innovation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sussex, University of

    Science, technology and innovation Taught degrees MSc in Innovation and Sustainability for International Development 1 year full time/2 years part time Technological innovation lies at the heart in the academic and political circles related to the impact of science, technology and innovation in the context

  7. UU Innovation UUAB Holding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Uppsala Universitet

    UU Innovation UUAB Holding ANNUAL REVIEW 2013 #12;UU Innovation is the central innovation support at the university. Through UUAB Holding the university can contribute to licensing of new technology and establish new research-based companies. IN BRIEF UU INNOVATION UUAB HOLDING TO FACILITATE MUTUAL knowledge

  8. A Rollator-Mounted Wayfinding System for the Elderly: Proof-of-Concept Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kulyukin, Vladimir

    demographic trends in the U.S. signify a demographic shift from a population where most people are relatively in their sensory-motor abilities. Surveys show that a great number of U.S. residents would like to maintain walker was a self-powered walker with an intuitive haptic interface. A software control system enabled

  9. The Chinese Defense Economy’s Long March from Imitation to Innovation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheung, Tai Ming

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    on the Study of Innovation and Technology in China (SITC),The Study of Innovation and Technology in China (SITC) is as defense science, technology, and innovation (DSTI) system

  10. VISDTA: A video imaging system for detection, tracking, and assessment: Prototype development and concept demonstration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pritchard, D.A.

    1987-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    It has been demonstrated that thermal imagers are an effective surveillance and assessment tool for security applications because: (1) they work day or night due to their sensitivity to thermal signatures; (2) penetrability through fog, rain, dust, etc., is better than human eyes; (3) short or long range operation is possible with various optics; and (4) they are strictly passive devices providing visible imagery which is readily interpreted by the operator with little training. Unfortunately, most thermal imagers also require the setup of a tripod, connection of batteries, cables, display, etc. When this is accomplished, the operator must manually move the camera back and forth searching for signs of aggressor activity. VISDTA is designed to provide automatic panning, and in a sense, ''watch'' the imagery in place of the operator. The idea behind the development of VISDTA is to provide a small, portable, rugged system to automatically scan areas and detect targets by computer processing of images. It would use a thermal imager and possibly an intensified day/night TV camera, a pan/ tilt mount, and a computer for system control. If mounted on a dedicated vehicle or on a tower, VISDTA will perform video motion detection functions on incoming video imagery, and automatically scan predefined patterns in search of abnormal conditions which may indicate attempted intrusions into the field-of-regard. In that respect, VISDTA is capable of improving the ability of security forces to maintain security of a given area of interest by augmenting present techniques and reducing operator fatigue.

  11. Telerobotic system concept for real-time soft-tissue imaging during radiotherapy beam delivery

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schlosser, Jeffrey; Salisbury, Kenneth; Hristov, Dimitre [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 (United States); Department of Computer Science and Department of Surgery, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 (United States); Department of Radiation Oncology, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 (United States)

    2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: The curative potential of external beam radiation therapy is critically dependent on having the ability to accurately aim radiation beams at intended targets while avoiding surrounding healthy tissues. However, existing technologies are incapable of real-time, volumetric, soft-tissue imaging during radiation beam delivery, when accurate target tracking is most critical. The authors address this challenge in the development and evaluation of a novel, minimally interfering, telerobotic ultrasound (U.S.) imaging system that can be integrated with existing medical linear accelerators (LINACs) for therapy guidance. Methods: A customized human-safe robotic manipulator was designed and built to control the pressure and pitch of an abdominal U.S. transducer while avoiding LINAC gantry collisions. A haptic device was integrated to remotely control the robotic manipulator motion and U.S. image acquisition outside the LINAC room. The ability of the system to continuously maintain high quality prostate images was evaluated in volunteers over extended time periods. Treatment feasibility was assessed by comparing a clinically deployed prostate treatment plan to an alternative plan in which beam directions were restricted to sectors that did not interfere with the transabdominal U.S. transducer. To demonstrate imaging capability concurrent with delivery, robot performance and U.S. target tracking in a phantom were tested with a 15 MV radiation beam active. Results: Remote image acquisition and maintenance of image quality with the haptic interface was successfully demonstrated over 10 min periods in representative treatment setups of volunteers. Furthermore, the robot's ability to maintain a constant probe force and desired pitch angle was unaffected by the LINAC beam. For a representative prostate patient, the dose-volume histogram (DVH) for a plan with restricted sectors remained virtually identical to the DVH of a clinically deployed plan. With reduced margins, as would be enabled by real-time imaging, gross tumor volume coverage was identical while notable reductions of bladder and rectal volumes exposed to large doses were possible. The quality of U.S. images obtained during beam operation was not appreciably degraded by radiofrequency interference and 2D tracking of a phantom object in U.S. images obtained with the beam on/off yielded no significant differences. Conclusions: Remotely controlled robotic U.S. imaging is feasible in the radiotherapy environment and for the first time may offer real-time volumetric soft-tissue guidance concurrent with radiotherapy delivery.

  12. Combining Droop Curve Concepts with Control Systems for Wind Turbine Active Power Control: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Buckspan, A.; Aho, J.; Pao, L.; Fleming, P.; Jeong, Y.

    2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Wind energy is becoming a larger portion of the global energy portfolio and wind penetration has increased dramatically in certain regions of the world. This increasing wind penetration has driven the need for wind turbines to provide active power control (APC) services to the local utility grid, as wind turbines do not intrinsically provide frequency regulation services that are common with traditional generators. It is common for large scale wind turbines to be decoupled from the utility grid via power electronics, which allows the turbine to synthesize APC commands via control of the generator torque and blade pitch commands. Consequently, the APC services provided by a wind turbine can be more flexible than those provided by conventional generators. This paper focuses on the development and implementation of both static and dynamic droop curves to measure grid frequency and output delta power reference signals to a novel power set point tracking control system. The combined droop curve and power tracking controller is simulated and comparisons are made between simulations using various droop curve parameters and stochastic wind conditions. The tradeoffs involved with aggressive response to frequency events are analyzed. At the turbine level, simulations are performed to analyze induced structural loads. At the grid level, simulations test a wind plant's response to a dip in grid frequency.

  13. Technology Innovation Program | Partnerships | ORNL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Innovation Program SHARE Technology Innovation Program The Technology Innovation Program (TIP) is a 1-year program designed to accelerate selected technologies to commercial...

  14. The IIT Innovators Fueling Big Ideas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saniie, Jafar

    Making things work. The IIT Innovators Fueling Big Ideas Winter 2012 John P. Calamos sr. Bold Thinking The PlanT How the Zero-Waste System Works researCh Neutron Detection, Dinosaur Collagen, Big Data in our next wave of innovators and leaders, some of whom are featured in this issue. Our students have

  15. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Advanced Combustion Concepts- Enabling Systems and Solutions (ACCESS) for High Efficiency Light Duty Vehicles

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by Robert Bosch at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about advanced combustion concepts -...

  16. Technology Innovation Program Transforming America's Future Through Innovation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Technology Innovation Program Transforming America's Future Through Innovation 2009ANNUAL REPORT and Technology Dr. Patrick D. Gallagher, Director Technology Innovation Program Dr. Lorel Wisniewski, Acting Director National Institute of Standards and Technology Technology Innovation Program 100 Bureau Drive

  17. Expert Panel Report on R&D proposes fundamental changes to Canada's Innovation System In October 2010 the Federal government charged Open Text President Tom Jenkins, U of T

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    number of funding programs presently dispersed through the federal system would be consolidatedExpert Panel Report on R&D proposes fundamental changes to Canada's Innovation System In October and possible consolidation of funding programs. This could lead to some changes in the way tri-council programs

  18. Stirling converters for space dynamic power concepts with 2 to 130 W{sub e} output

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ross, B.A. [Stirling Technology Co., Richland, WA (United States)

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Three innovative Stirling converter concepts are described. Two concepts are based on Pluto Fast Flyby (PFF) mission requirements, where two General Purpose Heat Source (GPHS) modules provide the thermal input. The first concept (PFF2) considers a power system with two opposed Stirling converters; the second concept (PFF4) considers four opposed Stirling converters. For both concepts the Stirling converters are designed to vary their power production capability to compensate for the failure of one Stirling converter. While the net thermal efficiency of PFF4 is a few percentage points lower than PFF2, the total Stirling converter mass of PFF4 is half that for PFF2. The third concept (ITTI) is designed to supply 2 watts of power for weather stations on the Martian surface. The predicted thermal performance of the ITTI is low compared to PFF2 and PFF4, yet the ITTI concept offers significant advantages compared to currently available power systems at the 2-watt power level. All three concepts are based on long-life technology demonstrated by an 11-watt output Stirling generator that as of March 1995 has accumulated over 15,000 operating hours without maintenance.

  19. Organization as Innovation: China’s Human Spaceflight Program’s Efforts to Instill a Quality Management System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pollpeter, Kevin

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to Instill a Quality Management System Kevin Pollpeterthat China’s quality management system was not suitable to

  20. The Technology & Innovation Centre

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mottram, Nigel

    The Technology & Innovation Centre #12;The Technology and Innovation Centre revolutionises the way in Scotland and further afield ­ including power and energy, renewable technologies, photonics and sensors, for industry, the Technology and Innovation Centre has already attracted major partners including Scottish

  1. Bridging the Technology Innovation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wirosoetisno, Djoko

    Bridging the Technology Innovation Gap Dr Ceri Williams Director of Medical Technologies Innovation Technologies #12;Distinctive Approach to Translating ResearchWe support innovation to reach TRL 5 enable real and Knowledge Centre #12;What is the Medical Technologies IKC? · All activities centre on research translation

  2. Appendix B. Automobile Cruise Control and Monitoring System Case Study This appendix presents an application of the proof-of-concept prototype, CODA,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Kevin

    Appendix B. Automobile Cruise Control and Monitoring System Case Study This appendix presents an application of the proof-of-concept prototype, CODA, described in Chapter 10, to an automobile cruise control inferences about the terminators. Second, some of the elements in the diagram are named 1 The automobile

  3. Technology Innovation Program 2010ANNUAL REPORT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Technology Innovation Program 2010ANNUAL REPORT 2010ANNUAL REPORT Technology Innovation ProgramTechnology Innovation ProgramTechnology Innovation ProgramTechnology Innovation ProgramTechnology Innovation ProgramTechnology Innovation ProgramTechnology Innovation ProgramTechnology Innovation ProgramTechnology Innovation ProgramTechnology

  4. Innovative solar thermochemical water splitting.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hogan, Roy E. Jr.; Siegel, Nathan P.; Evans, Lindsey R.; Moss, Timothy A.; Stuecker, John Nicholas (Robocasting Enterprises, Albuquerque, NM); Diver, Richard B., Jr.; Miller, James Edward; Allendorf, Mark D. (Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA); James, Darryl L. (Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX)

    2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) is evaluating the potential of an innovative approach for splitting water into hydrogen and oxygen using two-step thermochemical cycles. Thermochemical cycles are heat engines that utilize high-temperature heat to produce chemical work. Like their mechanical work-producing counterparts, their efficiency depends on operating temperature and on the irreversibility of their internal processes. With this in mind, we have invented innovative design concepts for two-step solar-driven thermochemical heat engines based on iron oxide and iron oxide mixed with other metal oxides (ferrites). The design concepts utilize two sets of moving beds of ferrite reactant material in close proximity and moving in opposite directions to overcome a major impediment to achieving high efficiency--thermal recuperation between solids in efficient counter-current arrangements. They also provide inherent separation of the product hydrogen and oxygen and are an excellent match with high-concentration solar flux. However, they also impose unique requirements on the ferrite reactants and materials of construction as well as an understanding of the chemical and cycle thermodynamics. In this report the Counter-Rotating-Ring Receiver/Reactor/Recuperator (CR5) solar thermochemical heat engine and its basic operating principals are described. Preliminary thermal efficiency estimates are presented and discussed. Our ferrite reactant material development activities, thermodynamic studies, test results, and prototype hardware development are also presented.

  5. Innovations in Voluntary Renewable Energy Procurement: Methods for Expanding Access and Lowering Cost for Communities, Governments, and Businesses (Technical Report)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heeter, J.; McLaren, J.

    2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This guide explores five innovative options for voluntarily procuring renewable energy generation or systems.

  6. Energy Department Highlights Commissioning of Innovative Fuel...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    U.S. Department of Energy today recognized the commissioning of an innovative fuel cell system at the United States Army's Aberdeen Proving Ground in Maryland, which will supply...

  7. Technology innovation in financial services industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roxo da Fonseca, Gustavo J. C. (Gustavo José Costa), 1967-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Over the last few decades, we have seen an enormous evolution in the financial services industry driven by technology innovations. Indeed, we cannot imagine the current financial system without electronic fund transfers, ...

  8. Innovative coke oven gas cleaning system for retrofit applications. Quarterly environmental monitoring report No. 1, January 1, 1991--June 30, 1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

    The coke plant at the Sparrows Point Plant consist of three coke oven batteries and two coal chemical plants. The by-product coke oven gas (COG) consists primarily of hydrogen, methane, carbon monoxide, nitrogen and contaminants consisting of tars, light oils (benzene, toluene, and xylene) hydrogen sulfide, ammonia, water vapor and other hydrocarbons. This raw coke oven gas needs to be cleaned of most of its contaminants before it can be used as a fuel at other operations at the Sparrows Point Plant. In response to environmental concerns, BSC decided to replace much of the existing coke oven gas treatment facilities in the two coal chemical Plants (A and B) with a group of technologies consisting of: Secondary Cooling of the Coke oven Gas; Hydrogen Sulfide Removal; Ammonia Removal; Deacification of Acid Gases Removed; Ammonia Distillation and Destruction; and, Sulfur Recovery. This combination of technologies will replace the existing ammonia removal system, the final coolers, hydrogen sulfide removal system and the sulfur recovery system. The existing wastewater treatment, tar recovery and one of the three light oil recovery systems will continue to be used to support the new innovative combination of COG treatment technologies.

  9. A Critical Analysis of Technological Innovation and Economic Development in Southern California's Urban Water Reuse And Recycling Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pilip-Florea, Shadrach Jay

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ed. ), Systems of Innovation: Technologies, Institutions andEconomics of Innovation and New Technology, 8:1-2, 5-25Economics of Innovation and New Technology, 8:1-2: 79-103

  10. Proceedings of 2008 NSF Engineering Research and Innovation Conference, Knoxville, Tennessee Grant #DMI-0423484 Analysis of Recycling Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gutowski, Timothy

    #DMI-0423484 Analysis of Recycling Systems Timothy G. Gutowski Malima I. Wolf Jeffrey B. Dahmus Dominic 02139 Abstract: This paper outlines past and future work on the topic of recycling systems. This project focuses on the performance of recycling systems from a range of perspectives. The recyclability

  11. Expected Technological Innovation to Drive Global Market for...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Innovation to Drive Global Market for Microturbine Systems Home > Groups > Increase Natural Gas Energy Efficiency John55364's picture Submitted by John55364(95) Contributor...

  12. China’s Defense Electronics Industry: Innovation, Adaptation, and Espionage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mulvenon, James; Luce, Matthew

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2010 China’s Defense Electronics Industry: Innovation,of the Chinese defense electronics sector can be attributedAdvanced defense electronics components and systems play a

  13. Center of Innovation- Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Jill Stuckey, Director, Center fof Innovation - Energy, presents on Georgia's workforce development opportunities for the Biomass/Clean Cities States Webinar.

  14. Innovation enabling manufacturing processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, Ilyssa Jing

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Global operations for multinational companies today pose a particularly challenging environment for maintaining fluid knowledge transfer and effective communication methodologies. In a continuous drive for product innovation, ...

  15. Innovation Strategies and Ideas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Datta, Shoumen

    2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Convergence is the central theme advocated in these suggestions for global economic growth through entrepreneurial innovation strategies which may catalyse building of enterprises with creative dimensions.

  16. Building America Webinar: High-Performance Enclosure Strategies, Part I: Unvented Roof Systems and Innovative Advanced Framing Strategies

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This webinar, held on February 12, 2015, focused on methods to design and build roof and wall systems for high performance homes that optimize energy and moisture performance.

  17. Building American Webinar: High-Performance Enclosure Strategies, Part I: Unvented Roof Systems and Innovative Advanced Framing Strategies

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This webinar, held on February 12, 2015, focused on methods to design and build roof and wall systems for high performance homes that optimize energy and moisture performance.

  18. From Producer Innovation to User and Open Collaborative Innovation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baldwin, Carliss

    In this paper we assess the economic viability of innovation by producers relative to two increasingly important alternative models: innovations by single user individuals or firms, and

  19. A Renewable Energy Future: Innovation and Beyond

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This PowerPoint slide deck was originally presented at the 2012 SunShot Grand Challenge Summit and Technology Forum during a plenary session by Dr. Dan E. Arvizu, director of NREL. Entitled "A Renewable Energy Future: Innovation and Beyond," the presentation demonstrates the transformation needed in the energy sector to achieve a clean energy vision and identifies innovation as what is needed to make it happen. The presentation also includes a discussion of the integration challenges that affect solar energy systems.

  20. Innovation Institutions NOVEMBER 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghosh, Joydeep

    for a design partner #12;#12;#12;MAYBAUM home appliances 1973 Xerox markets first hand-held "mouse," a time battles." IDEATION INNOVATION #12;What makes a company good at bringing innovation to market? #12;Our with smarts of leaders/managers #12;Rational Agents Model Leadership = "Go there" Managers execute

  1. Enterprise Innovation Institute Annual Report 2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Das, Suman

    the application of science, technology, and innovation. Enterprise Innovation Institute (EI2)Enterprise Innovation of all types and sizes use science, technology, and innovation to improve their competitiveness survey of Georgia's health care information technology industry. The Enterprise Innovation Institute

  2. Innovative Phase Change Thermal Energy Storage Solution for Baseload Power Phase 1 Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Qiu, Songgang

    2013-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The primary purpose of this project is to develop and validate an innovative, scalable phase change salt thermal energy storage (TES) system that can interface with Infinia’s family of free-piston Stirling engines (FPSE). This TES technology is also appropriate for Rankine and Brayton power converters. Solar TES systems based on latent heat of fusion rather than molten salt temperature differences, have many advantages that include up to an order of magnitude higher energy storage density, much higher temperature operation, and elimination of pumped loops for most of Infinia’s design options. DOE has funded four different concepts for solar phase change TES, including one other Infinia awarded project using heat pipes to transfer heat to and from the salt. The unique innovation in this project is an integrated TES/pool boiler heat transfer system that is the simplest approach identified to date and arguably has the best potential for minimizing the levelized cost of energy (LCOE). The Phase 1 objectives are to design, build and test a 1-hour TES proof-of-concept lab demonstrator integrated with an Infinia 3 kW Stirling engine, and to conduct a preliminary design of a 12-hour TES on-sun prototype.

  3. Tangled Web of Concept Relations. Concept relations for ISO 1087-1 and ISO 704

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Tangled Web of Concept Relations. Concept relations for ISO 1087-1 and ISO 704 Anita Nuopponen on ISO 704:2009 Terminology work - Principles and methods and ISO 1087-1:2000 Terminology work: concept relation, conceptual relation, concept system, generic rela- tion, associative relation, ISO 1087

  4. Summary of the 2007 Innovative Confinement Concepts Simon Woodruff

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    science and technology programs, engaging faculty by providing opportunities to contribute to plasma discussed at the ICC workshop: still evolving. ~$3M Mirror Mary. Centr. Exp. Flow Pinch (ZAP) Linear ~$?.M

  5. Innovative Design Concept for the New Bangkok International Airport, NBIA 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kessling, W.; Holst, S.; Schuler, M.

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Thermal and visual comfort for the occupants of a room are not defined by air temperature only, but also radiation with its three components solar radiation, daylight and heat radiation has to be taken into account (among other factors...

  6. Innovative Confinement Concepts Workshop 2000 (Book of Abstracts)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Celata, Christine; Accelerator and Fusion Research Staff

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    tokamaks, and lithium sputtering and erosion tests have alsoand erosion, tritium retention, and cooling associated with solid walls. Lithium

  7. An innovative concept for deep water oil production platform design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Racine, Florian

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Off loading Tower) is studied in this thesis. Instead of using a single large cylindrical structure as in the spar configuration, the FPSOT utilizes a jacket-type framed structure supported by a buoyancy/storage tank deep below the ocean surface...

  8. Innovative Confinement Concepts Workshop 2000 (Book of Abstracts)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Celata, Christine; Accelerator and Fusion Research Staff

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    U.S.A. ), "Modeling of Spheromak Plasma Buildup in SSPX byPage 20 WeC2 Overview of Spheromak Formation Experiments onto ICCs" 'Overview of Spheromak Formation Experiments on

  9. Innovative Concepts for Beneficial Reuse of Carbon Dioxide | Department of

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently Asked Questions for DOEthe RankingReformManager (ISSM)Department of

  10. Innovative, Cost Effective and Energy Efficient Desgin for New Construction at a Texas High School 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khan, S.; Bible, M.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    construction in the design phase can result in greater operating efficiency and environmental impact. These measures entail innovative design concepts and control schemes in addition to specification of premium efficiency equipment. This paper presents...

  11. Atmospheric fluidized bed combustion advanced system concepts applicable to small industrial and commercial markets. Topical report, Level 2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ake, T.R.; Dixit, V.B.; Mongeon, R.K.

    1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As part of an overall strategy to promote FBC coal combustion and to improve the marketability of the eastern coals, the US Department of Energy`s Morgantown Energy Research Center awarded a three level contract to Riley Stoker Corporation to develop advanced Multi Solids Fluidized Bed (MSFB) boiler designs. The first level of this contract targeted the small package boiler (10,000--50,000 lb/hr steam) and industrial size boiler (75,000--150,000 lb/hr steam) markets. Two representative sizes, 30,000 lb/hr and 110,000 lb/hr of steam, were selected for the two categories for a detailed technical and economic evaluation. Technically, both the designs showed promise, however, the advanced industrial design was favored on economic considerations. It was thus selected for further study in the second level of the contract. Results of this Level-2 effort, presented in this report, consisted of testing the design concept in Riley`s 4.4 MBtu/hr pilot MSFB facility located at Riley Research Center in Worcester, Mass. The design and economics of the proof of concept facility developed in Level-1 of the contract were then revised in accordance with the findings of the pilot test program. A host site for commercial demonstration in Level-3 of the contract was also secured. It was determined that co-firing coal in combination with paper de-inking sludge will broaden the applicability of the design beyond conventional markets. International Paper (IP), the largest paper company in the world, is willing to participate in this part of the program. IP has offered its Hammermill operation at Lockhaven, Pa, site of a future paper de-inking plant, for the proof of concept installation. This plant will go in operation in 1994. It is recommended that METC proceed to the commercial demonstration of the design developed. The approach necessary to satisfy the needs of the customer while meeting the objectives of this program is presented along with a recommended plan of action.

  12. BEYOND INTEGRATED SYSTEM VALIDATION: USE OF A CONTROL ROOM TRAINING SIMULATOR FOR PROOF-OF-CONCEPT INTERFACE DEVELOPMENT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ronald Boring; Vivek Agarwal

    2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper provides background on a reconfigurable control room simulator for nuclear power plants. The main control rooms in current nuclear power plants feature analog technology that is growing obsolete. The need to upgrade control rooms serves the practical need of maintainability as well as the opportunity to implement newer digital technologies with added functionality. There currently exists no dedicated research simulator for use in human factors design and evaluation activities for nuclear power plants in the US. The new research simulator discussed in this paper provides a test bed in which operator performance on new control room concepts can be benchmarked against existing control rooms and in which new technologies can be validated for safety and usability prior to deployment.

  13. Paper to be presented at the DRUID Summer Conference 2007 APPROPRIABILITY, PROXIMITY, ROUTINES AND INNOVATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    AND INNOVATION Copenhagen, CBS, Denmark, June 18 - 20, 2007 DEVELOPMENT DYNAMICS AND CONDITIONS FOR NEW ENERGY of energy technology development in Denmark seen in an innovation system perspective. The employed system approach to energy technology development and innovation integrates the perspectives of both a national

  14. EDUCATION, RESEARCH AND INNOVATION Lund University / Faculty of Engineering LTH/ Presentation 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    University / Faculty of Engineering LTH/ Presentation 2012 Lund University Innovation System (LUIS) · Mission schools · All faculties are included in the innovation system · Joint innovation office for all higher/ Presentation 2012 World-leading in materials science MAX IV · A Nordic research facility · Using synchrotron

  15. EPA/600/R-99/029 Innovative Urban Wet-Weather

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pitt, Robert E.

    EPA/600/R-99/029 Innovative Urban Wet-Weather Flow Management Systems By James P. Heaney Department Laboratory #12;iv Abstract This research project describes innovative methods to develop improved wet weather

  16. Innovations in RCM at Bruce B

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hill, E.S. [NUS Corp., Gaithersburg, MD (United States). Risk and Reliability Div.; Doyle, E.K. [Ontario Hydro, Tiverton, Ontario (Canada). Bruce B Nuclear Generating Station

    1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The use of RCM techniques have begun to change maintenance practice at Bruce B. This paper discusses innovative practices begun recently. Bruce B has decided to evaluate plant systems using different methods based on the effects of system failure. This approach reduces costs, by using a streamlined method, while maintaining the accuracy of analysis. In addition, the approach increases the likelihood that program recommendations will be implemented by the maintenance department by providing maintenance craft with input to the process. Bruce B has also developed techniques to accelerate the analysis process by evaluating analyses performed at other units. These innovations have been successful piloted at the station.

  17. Environmental assessment for the satellite power system-concept development and evaluation program-microwave health and ecological effects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report is concerned with the potential health and ecological effects of the microwave beam from the microwave power transmission system (MPTS) of the satellite power system (SPS). The report is written in the form of a detailed critical review of selected scientific articles from the published literature on the biological effects of nonionizing electromagnetic radiation, followed by an assessment of the possible effects of the SPS, based on exposure values for the reference system (US DOE and NASA, 1978).

  18. Innovative Electromagnetic Sensors for Pipeline Crawlers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    J. Bruce Nestleroth

    2006-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Internal inspection of pipelines is an important tool for ensuring safe and reliable delivery of fossil energy products. Current inspection systems that are propelled through the pipeline by the product flow cannot be used to inspect all pipelines because of the various physical barriers they encounter. Recent development efforts include a new generation of powered inspection platforms that crawl slowly inside a pipeline and are able to maneuver past the physical barriers that can limit inspection. At Battelle, innovative electromagnetic sensors are being designed and tested for these new pipeline crawlers. The various sensor types can be used to assess a wide range of pipeline anomalies including corrosion, mechanical damage, and cracks. Battelle is in the final year on a projected three-year development effort. In the first year, two innovative electromagnetic inspection technologies were designed and tested. Both were based on moving high-strength permanent magnets to generate inspection energy. One system involved translating permanent magnets towards the pipe. A pulse of electric current would be induced in the pipe to oppose the magnetization according to Lenz's Law. The decay of this pulse would indicate the presence of defects in the pipe wall. This inspection method is similar to pulsed eddy current inspection methods, with the fundamental difference being the manner in which the current is generated. Details of this development effort were reported in the first semiannual report on this project. The second inspection methodology is based on rotating permanent magnets. The rotating exciter unit produces strong eddy currents in the pipe wall. At distances of a pipe diameter or more from the rotating exciter, the currents flow circumferentially. These circumferential currents are deflected by pipeline defects such as corrosion and axially aligned cracks. Simple sensors are used to detect the change in current densities in the pipe wall. The second semiannual report on this project reported on experimental and modeling results. The results showed that the rotating system was more adaptable to pipeline inspection and therefore only this system will be carried into the second year of the sensor development. In the third reporting period, the rotating system inspection was further developed. Since this is a new inspection modality without published fundamentals to build upon, basic analytical and experimental investigations were performed. A closed form equation for designing rotating exciters and positioning sensors was derived from fundamental principles. Also signal processing methods were investigated for detection and assessment of pipeline anomalies. A lock in amplifier approach was chosen as the method for detecting the signals. Finally, mechanical implementations for passing tight restrictions such as plug valves were investigated. This inspection concept is new and unique; a United States patent application has been submitted. In this reporting period, a general design of the rotating permanent magnet inspection system is presented. The rotating permanent magnet inspection system is feasible for pipes ranging in diameter from 8 to 18 inches using a two pole configuration. Experimental results and theoretical calculations provide the basis for selection of the critical design parameters. The parameters include a significant magnet to pipe separation that will facilitate the passage of pipeline features. With the basic values of critical components established, the next step is a detailed mechanical design of a pipeline ready inspection system.

  19. Development of standardized air-blown coal gasifier/gas turbine concepts for future electric power systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sadowski, R.S.; Brown, M.J.; Hester, J.C.; Harriz, J.T.; Ritz, G.J.

    1991-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this study is to develop standardized air blown fixed bed gasification hot gas cleanup integrated gasifier combined cycle (IGCC) systems.

  20. An Innovative Approach to Plant Utility Audits Yields Significant Results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robinson, J. E.; Moore, D. A.

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents innovative methods to conduct powerhouse audits when applying advanced energy management to utility systems. Specifically, a new class of Energy Management and Reporting Systems (EMRS) applied to plant wide utility control...

  1. INNOVATIONS Electrical and Computer Engineering University ofWisconsin-Madison

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin at Madison, University of

    INNOVATIONS Electrical and Computer Engineering University ofWisconsin-Madison 2013 www and students of the UW-Madison Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering continue to push boundaries it possible to give students hands-on experience with electrical and computer engineering concepts earlier

  2. INNOVATION IN SERVICES: THE CONTRIBUTIONS OF DESIGN THEORY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    INNOVATION IN SERVICES: THE CONTRIBUTIONS OF DESIGN THEORY Sylvain LENFLE University of Cergy Technologies (ICTs) has a profound impact on service activities [7-9]. This is all the more true given who made a significant contribution to the formulation of the ideas and concepts that we will develop

  3. Logistical concepts associated with international shipments using the USA/9904/B(U)F RTG Transportation System (RTGTS)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barklay, Chadwick D.; Miller, Roger G.; Pugh, Barry K.; Howell, Edwin I. [EG and G Mound Applied Technologies P.O. Box 3000 Miamisburg, Ohio 45343-3000 (United States)

    1997-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Over the last 30 years, radioisotopes have provided heat from which electrical power is generated. For space missions, the isotope of choice has generally been {sup 238}PuO{sub 2}, its long half-life making it ideal for supplying power to remote satellites and spacecraft like the Voyager, Pioneer, and Viking missions, as well as the recently launched Galileo and Ulysses missions, and the presently planned Cassini mission. Electric power for future space missions will be provided by either radioisotopic thermoelectric generators (RTG), radioisotope thermophotovoltaic systems (RTPV), alkali metal thermal to electrical conversion (AMTEC) systems, radioisotope Stirling systems, or a combination of these. The type of electrical power system has yet to be specified for the 'Pluto Express' mission. However, the current plan does incorporate the use of Russian launch platforms for the spacecraft. The implied tasks associated with this plan require obtaining international certification for the transport of the radioisotopic power system, and resolving any logistical issues associated with the actual shipment of the selected radioisotopic power system. This paper presents a conceptual summary of the logistical considerations associated with shipping the selected radioisotopic power system using the USA/9904/B(U)F-85, Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator Transportation System (RTGTS)

  4. Logistical concepts associated with international shipments using the USA/9904/B(U)F RTG Transportation System (RTGTS)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barklay, C.D.; Miller, R.G.; Pugh, B.K.; Howell, E.I. [EGG Mound Applied Technologies P.O. Box 3000 Miamisburg, Ohio45343-3000 (United States)

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Over the last 30 years, radioisotopes have provided heat from which electrical power is generated. For space missions, the isotope of choice has generally been {sup 238}PuO{sub 2}, its long half-life making it ideal for supplying power to remote satellites and spacecraft like the Voyager, Pioneer, and Viking missions, as well as the recently launched Galileo and Ulysses missions, and the presently planned Cassini mission. Electric power for future space missions will be provided by either radioisotopic thermoelectric generators (RTG), radioisotope thermophotovoltaic systems (RTPV), alkali metal thermal to electrical conversion (AMTEC) systems, radioisotope Stirling systems, or a combination of these. The type of electrical power system has yet to be specified for the {open_quotes}Pluto Express{close_quotes} mission. However, the current plan does incorporate the use of Russian launch platforms for the spacecraft. The implied tasks associated with this plan require obtaining international certification for the transport of the radioisotopic power system, and resolving any logistical issues associated with the actual shipment of the selected radioisotopic power system. This paper presents a conceptual summary of the logistical considerations associated with shipping the selected radioisotopic power system using the USA/9904/B(U)F-85, Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator Transportation System (RTGTS). {copyright} {ital 1997 American Institute of Physics.}

  5. Novel Concepts for Damage-Resistant Alloys in Next Generation Nuclear Power Systems - Final Report , Project 99-0280

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bruemmer, Stephen M.; Simonen, Edward P.; Gan, Jian; Garner, Francis A.; Gelles, David S.; Edwards, Danny J.; Andresen, Peter L.; Young, Lisa M.; Was, Gary S.; Fournier, L.; Sencer, Bulent H.

    2002-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

    The discovery of a damage-resistant alloy based on Hf solute additions to a low-carbon 316SS is the highlight of the Phase II research. This damage resistance is supported by characterization of radiation-induced microstructures and microchemistries along with measurements of environmental cracking. The addition of Hf to a low-carbon 316SS reduced the detrimental impact of radiation by changing the distribution of Hf. Pt additions reduced the impact of radiation on grain boundary segregation but did not alter its effect on microstructural damage development or cracking. Because cracking susceptibility is associated with several material characteristics, separate effect experiments exploring strength effects using non-irradiated stainless steels were conducted. These crack growth tests suggest that irradiation strength by itself can promote environmental cracking. The second concept for developing damage resistant alloys is the use of metastable precipitates to stabilize the microstructure during irradiation. Three alloys have been tailored for evaluation of precipitate stability influences on damage evolution. The first alloy is a Ni-base alloy (alloy 718) that has been characterized at low neutron irradiation doses but has not been characterized at high irradiation doses. The other two alloys are Fe-base alloys (PH 17-7 and PH 17-4) that have similar precipitate structures as alloy 718 but is more practical in nuclear structures because of the lower Ni content and hence lesser transmutation to He.

  6. Regional Resource Centers for Innovation Brochure (Revised)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wogsland, J.

    2000-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

    This brochure describes OIT's Regional Resource Centers for Innovation (RCIs), which provide the Innovation and Invention program grantees and other small business energy innovators commercialization assistance.

  7. From Nanny Chips to Data Dogs, Binghamton innovations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suzuki, Masatsugu

    and Engineering Research Center (CSERC) Director Kenneth McLeod Institute for Energy-Efficient Electronic SystemsBinghamton ReseaRch From Nanny Chips to Data Dogs, Binghamton innovations will make computing safer Welcome 4 Briefs 8 Digital defenders From Nanny Chips to Data Dogs, Binghamton innovations will make

  8. SME dependence and coordination in innovation networks RESEARCH PAPER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    SME dependence and coordination in innovation networks RESEARCH PAPER Elodie Gardet elodie and characterize the coordination systems used by SME hub firms that are in a situation of dependence with respect of the adequate coordination mechanims is central for a SME hub firm and the success of the innovation project

  9. ForPeerReview THE LINK BETWEEN NON TECHNOLOGICAL INNOVATIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ForPeerReview THE LINK BETWEEN NON TECHNOLOGICAL INNOVATIONS AND TECHNOLOGICAL INNOVATION Journal: Organizational innovation, Marketing innovation, Technological Innovation, Performance European Journal THE LINK BETWEEN NON TECHNOLOGICAL INNOVATIONS AND TECHNOLOGICAL INNOVATION Abstract Purpose This paper

  10. Solar Central Receiver Hybrid Power Systems sodium-cooled receiver concept. Final report. Volume II, Book 2. Conceptual design, Sections 5 and 6

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The overall, long-term objective of the Solar Central Receiver Hybrid Power System program is to identify, characterize, and ultimately demonstrate the viability and cost effectiveness of solar/fossil, steam Rankine cycle, hybrid power systems that: (1) consist of a combined solar central receiver energy source and a nonsolar energy source at a single, common site, (2) may operate in the base, intermediate, and peaking capacity modes, (3) produce the rated output independent of variations in solar insolation, (4) provide a significant savings (50% or more) in fuel consumption, and (5) produce power at the minimum possible cost in mills/kWh. It is essential that these hybrid concepts be technically feasible and economically competitive with other systems in the near to mid-term time period (1985-1990) on a commercial scale. The program objective for Phase I is to identify and conceptually characterize solar/fossil steam Rankine cycle, commercial-scale, power plant systems that are economically viable and technically feasible. This volume contains the detailed conceptual design and cost/performance estimates and an assessment of the commercial scale solar central receiver hybrid power system. (WHK)

  11. Innovative Wind Energy, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2,AUDIT REPORTEnergyFarmsPower Co Ltd Jump to:Innovative Wind Concepts

  12. An Evaluation of the Annular Fuel and Bottle-Shaped Fuel Concepts for Sodium Fast Reactors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Memmott, Matthew

    Two innovative fuel concepts, the internally and externally cooled annular fuel and the bottle-shaped fuel, were investigated with the goal of increasing the power density and reduce the pressure drop in the sodium-cooled ...

  13. PROOF-OF-CONCEPT OF A DUAL-FIRED (SOLAR & NATURAL GAS) GENERATOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . FEASIBILITYANALYSISANDFINALEISGREPORT May 2005 CEC-500-2005-090 #12;ENERGY INNOVATIONS SMALL GRANT (EISG) PROGRAM FEASIBILITY ANALYSIS million of which $2.4 million/year is allocated to the Energy Innovation Small Grant (EISG) Program solicitations a year and awards grants up to $75,000 for promising proof-of-concept energy research. PIER

  14. Workshop to Assess Innovative Solutions to Transportation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Workshop to Assess Innovative Solutions to Transportation Needs in the Colonias Workshop Summary SWUTC/04/167151-1 Texas Transportation Institute Texas A&M University System College Station, Texas 77843-3135 Center for HUD's Colonias Program Southwest Region University Transportation Center #12

  15. Innovative Exploration Technologies Subprogram Overview

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This overview of GTP's Innovative Exploration Technologies subprogram was given at the GTP Program Peer Review on May 18, 2010.

  16. Solar Innovator | Alta Devices

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Mattos, Laila; Le, Minh

    2013-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Selected to participate in the Energy Department's SunShot Initiative, Alta Devices produces solar cells that convert sunlight into electricity at world record-breaking levels of efficiency. Through its innovative solar technology Alta is helping bring down the cost of solar. Learn more about the Energy Department's efforts to advance solar technology at energy.gov/solar .

  17. INNOVATION EDUCATION EXCELLENCE DISTILLATIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chan, Hue Sun

    INNOVATION · EDUCATION · EXCELLENCE DISTILLATIONS University of Toronto CHEMISTRY ALUMNI MAGAZINE.utoronto.ca / distillations 2012 MessagefromtheChair Our Department of Chemistry has one of the finest collection of peo- ple to a better, more sustain- able future. This issue of Distillations highlights the accomplishments last year

  18. Innovation in Computer Sciences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghosh, Joydeep

    power- up Innovation in Computer Sciences Department of Computer Sciences at The University of Texas at Austin #12;#12;Computer science is the enabling science of our age. It is the engine. In the Department of Computer Sciences at The University of Texas at Austin, one of the top ten departments

  19. Technology Innovation Program Advisory Board

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Magee, Joseph W.

    Technology Innovation Program Advisory Board 2009 Annual Report of the #12;2009 Annual Report of the Technology Innovation Program Advisory Board U.S. Department of Commerce National Institute of Standards and Technology Technology Innovation Program February 2010 #12;For Information regarding the Technology

  20. Technology Innovation Program Advisory Board

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Technology Innovation Program Advisory Board 2009 Annual Report of the Technology Innovation Program Advisory Board 2010 Annual Report of the #12;2010 Annual Report of the Technology Innovation Program Advisory Board U.S. Department of Commerce National Institute of Standards and Technology

  1. Technology Innovation Program Advisory Board

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Technology Innovation Program Advisory Board 2011 Annual Report of the #12;#12;i 2011 Annual Report of the Technology Innovation Program Advisory Board U.S. Department of Commerce National Institute of Standards and Technology Technology Innovation Program March 2012 #12;ii For Information regarding the Technology

  2. Leveraging Resources for the Weatherization Innovation Pilot...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    the Weatherization Innovation Pilot Program (WIPP) - Webinar Transcript Leveraging Resources for the Weatherization Innovation Pilot Program (WIPP) - Webinar Transcript This...

  3. Leveraging Resources for Weatherization Innovation Pilot Projects...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Weatherization Innovation Pilot Projects (WIPP) Presentation Leveraging Resources for Weatherization Innovation Pilot Projects (WIPP) Presentation As a WIPP agency, reporting...

  4. Globalization of Innovation: The Personal Computing Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dedrick, Jason; Kraemer, Kenneth L

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Production Outsourced to CM or ODM Incremental innovation (desktops, notebooks) -Innovate on Wintel architecture -Control product planning,

  5. Development of standardized air-blown coal gasifier/gas turbine concepts for future electric power systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    CRS Sirrine (CRSS) is evaluating a novel IGCC process in which gases exiting the gasifier are burned in a gas turbine combustion system. The turbine exhaust gas is used to generate additional power in a conventional steam generator. This results in a significant increase in efficiency. However, the IGCC process requires development of novel approaches to control SO{sub 2} and NO{sub x} emissions and alkali vapors which can damage downstream turbine components. Ammonia is produced from the reaction of coal-bound nitrogen with steam in the reducing zone of any fixed bed coal gasifier. This ammonia can be partially oxidized to NO{sub x} when the product gas is oxidized in a gas turbine combustor. Alkali metals vaporize in the high-temperature combustion zone of the gasifier and laser condense on the surface of small char or ash particles or on cooled metal surfaces. It these alkali-coated materials reach the gas turbine combustor, the alkali will revaporize condense on turbine blades and cause rapid high temperature corrosion. Efficiency reduction will result. PSI Technology Company (PSIT) was contracted by CRSS to evaluate and recommend solutions for NO{sub x} emissions and for alkali metals deposition. Various methods for NO{sub x} emission control and the potential process and economic impacts were evaluated. This included estimates of process performance, heat and mass balances around the combustion and heat transfer units and a preliminary economic evaluation. The potential for alkali metal vaporization and condensation at various points in the system was also estimated. Several control processes and evaluated, including an order of magnitude cost for the control process.

  6. System design study to reduce capital and operating cost of a moving distributor, AFB advanced concept - comparison with an oil-fired boiler. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mah, C.S.; West, L.K.; Anderson, R.E.; Berkheimer, I.L.; Cahill, D.V.

    1985-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Aerojet Energy Conversion Company, under contract with the United States Department of Energy, has performed a comparative economic study of the Aerojet Universal Atmospheric Fluidized Bed Combustion (UAFBC) system and a coventional atmospheric fluidized bed combustion (AFBC) system. The program title, ''System Design Study to Reduce Capital and Operating Cost and Bench Scale Testing of a Moving Distributor, AFB Concept,'' is a good description of the general objective of the program. The specific objective was to compare the UAFBC with the conventional AFBC in terms of normalized steam cost. The boilers were designed for 150,00 lb/hr of steam at 650 psig and 750/sup 0/F. The reference coal used in the analysis was Pittsburgh No. 8 coal with a sulfur content of 4.3% and a higher heating value of 12,919 Bru/lb. The analysis assumed a plant life of 20 years and a discount rate of 15%. The UAFBC systems included the usual elements of the conventional cola-fired AFBC steam plant, but the coal preparation sysbsystem for the UAFBC was considerably simpler because the system can use ''run-of-mine'' coal. The UAFBC boiler itself consisted of a staged-combustion fluidized-bed, superimposed over a static bed, the latter supported by a moving distributor. It incorporated a fines burnup combustor, an entrained reciculating gas cleanup bed, and conventional convection boiler. The key features of the UAFBC design were: High fuel flexibility; low NO/sub x/ emission; and superior turndown capability. 30 refs., 52 figs., 12 tabs.

  7. Innovation through Visualisation Requirements Engineering Diagrams

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salustri, Filippo A.

    Installed Screw Waste Energy allow easy bit changing Bit Bit Structural System Drive System Power System Bit Bit Screw Screw Electricity Supply Waste Energy User Force Activation System User Input Feedback of early product information Light-weight method Based on concept maps are address A B C E F G H I O P A B

  8. Emerging Industrial Innovations for New Energy Efficient Technologies 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laitner, J. A.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    as integrated photovoltaic systems may play an even larger role in the more productive use of our energy resources. This paper explores recent work on industrial innovation, often involving public-private partnerships, and provides a context to understand...

  9. Emerging Industrial Innovations for New Energy Efficient Technologies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laitner, J. A.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    as integrated photovoltaic systems may play an even larger role in the more productive use of our energy resources. This paper explores recent work on industrial innovation, often involving public-private partnerships, and provides a context to understand...

  10. Innovating science communication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldfarb, Steven; The ATLAS collaboration; Shaw, Kate

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The ATLAS Education & Outreach project has, over the years, developed a strong reputation for supporting innovation. Animated event displays, musical CDs, 3d movies, 3-storey murals, photo books, data sonifications, multi-media art installations, pub slams, masterclasses, documentaries, pop-up books, LEGO® models, and virtual visits are among the many diverse methods being exploited to communicate to the world the goals and accomplishments of the ATLAS Experiment at CERN. This variety of creativity and innovation does not pop out of a vacuum. It requires underlying motivation by the collaboration to communicate with the public; freedom and encouragement to do so in a creative manner; and a support structure for developing, implementing and promoting these activities. The ATLAS Outreach project has built this support structure on a well-defined communication plan, high-quality content, and effective delivery platforms. Most importantly, implementation of the program has been based on the effective engagem...

  11. Alum Innovative Exploration

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE Geothermal Peer Review 2010 - Presentation. Project objectives: Reduce the high level of risk during the early stages of geothermal project development by conducting a multi-faceted and innovative exploration and drilling program at Alum. Determine the combination of techniques that are most useful and cost-effective in identifying the geothermal resource through a detailed, post-project evaluation of the exploration and drilling program.

  12. Defense Science and Technology Innovation Teams: Mechanisms and Indicators for Indigenous Innovation in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WRIGHT, Darren J.

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    STUDY OF INNOVATION AND TECHNOLOGY IN CHINA RESEARCH BRIEFThe Study of Innovation and Technology in China (SITC) is aDefense Science and Technology Innovation Teams: Mechanisms

  13. Innovation: A data-driven approach Andrew Kusiak

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kusiak, Andrew

    . Some prefer the terms ``technology-based innovation'' or ``technological innovation'' to emphasizeInnovation: A data-driven approach Andrew Kusiak Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, 3131 online 24 June 2009 Keywords: Innovation science Data mining Innovation rules Innovation framework

  14. Small Business Innovation Research Grant Helps Propel Innovative...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    was acquired by General Electric (GE) last month. The innovative design of the taller wind turbine towers offer greater power potential because higher altitude winds are...

  15. The Enviro-Port concept

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McNutt, William Carl

    1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Advisory Committee: Dr. Roy W. Harm, Jr. Basic information on the environmental aspects and problems of por'. -industrial complexes is reviewed and discussed. This informati on is based on first a review of selected case studies of existing Texas po. ts... of these systems are causing them to be viewed as an alternative to be considered in the future of Texas and the rest of the Nation. Thesis Objectives The thesis objective is to develop the Enviro-Port concept. This concept will include expanded environmental...

  16. Innovation Ohio Loan Program (Ohio)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Innovation Ohio Loan Program provides loans for acquisition, construction, and related costs of technology, facilities, and equipment purchase. The Ohio Department of Development’s (Development)...

  17. Environmental Regulation, Globalization, and Innovation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ashford, Nicholas

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This essay explores the complex relationship between environmental regulation, innovation, and sustainable development within the context of an increasingly globalizing economy. It will be argued that industrial policy, ...

  18. Innovative Manufacturing Initiative Recognition Day

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Innovative Manufacturing Initiative (IMI) Recognition Day (held in Washington, DC on June 20, 2012) showcased IMI projects selected by the Energy Department to help American manufacturers...

  19. Computational Science and Innovation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. J. Dean

    2010-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Simulations - utilizing computers to solve complicated science and engineering problems - are a key ingredient of modern science. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is a world leader in the development of high-performance computing (HPC), the development of applied math and algorithms that utilize the full potential of HPC platforms, and the application of computing to science and engineering problems. An interesting general question is whether the DOE can strategically utilize its capability in simulations to advance innovation more broadly. In this article, I will argue that this is certainly possible.

  20. Innovation | Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOnItemResearch > The Energy Materials Center at CornellOf NSEC » ISTIandInnovation

  1. Science and Innovation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOnItemResearch > TheNuclearHomeland ScienceInnovation

  2. 70 Years of Innovations

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOnItem NotEnergy, science,SpeedingWu,IntelligenceYou are70 Years of Innovations

  3. Innovation Impact Publications | NREL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHigh SchoolIn Other News linkThermalInner Area PrinciplesInnovation Impact

  4. Nuclear Energy Research Initiative (NERI): Novel Concepts for Damage-Resistant Alloys in Next Generation Nuclear Power Systems - Technical Progress Report August 2000 - October 2000

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2000-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    OAK-B135 This ID belongs to an IWO and is being released out of the system. The Program manager Rebecca Richardson has confirmed that all reports have been received. The objective of the proposed research is to develop the scientific basis for a new class of radiation-resistant materials. Two approaches will be evaluated to develop damage resistant materials far superior to current stainless steels: (1) lattice perturbation to catalyze defect recombination within the early stages of cascade formation and defect migration and (2) controlled manipulation of the aggregate defect ensemble through the deliberate introduction of dynamic metastable microstructures. The intrinsic ability of the host matrix to resist displacement damage survival will be optimized in first concept. This approach (Task 1) explores baseline atomic displacement and recovery processes as affected by major and minor alloy constituents selected for the dual purpose of environmental cracking resistance as well as interactions with point defects. Inert oversized solutes known to improve corrosion behavior will be used to create vacancy/interstitial traps and promote defect recombination. Dynamic metastable microstructures tailored to resist damage accumulation will be investigated and optimized in the second concept (Task 2). Unique intermetallic second phases with inherent instabilities under irradiation will be used to create a dynamic microstructure resistant to radiation hardening, swelling and embrittlement. A key aspect of designing this dynamic microstructure will be to ensure the complex, radiation-induced changes do not promote environmental cracking. The underlying radiation materials science for these two approaches is being explored using charged particle irradiations. Radiation damage resistance will be established by isolating the effect of each approach on defect microstructure, grain boundary microchemistries and matrix hardening. The dose dependence of these radiation-induced material changes will be used to identify promising alloys and initial microstructure that effectively delay or eliminate detrimental microstructural and microchemical evolution. Environmental cracking response is being established on non-irradiated alloys with thermomechanical treatments to simulate radiation microstructures and by tests on proton-irradiated specimens. The ultimate goal for these alloys will be resistance to environmental cracking, swelling and embrittlement during the high radiation exposures (>150 dpa) planned for advanced reactors.

  5. Kansas BEST for Innovation 1 B.E.S.T.for Innovation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for Science and Technology for Innovation #12;Kansas B.E.S.T. for Innovation 2 Acknowledgments The drafters and Technology for Innovation (Kansas B.E.S.T. for Innovation)--Kansas can capitalize on the inherent streKansas BEST for Innovation 1 KANSAS B.E.S.T.for Innovation Kansas: Building an Environment

  6. Centrifugal shot blasting. Innovative technology summary report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    At the US Department of Energy (DOE) Fernald Environmental Management Project (FEMP), the Facilities Closure and Demolition Projects Integrated Remedial Design/Remedial Action (RD/RA) work plan calls for the removal of one inch (1 in) depth of concrete surface in areas where contamination with technetium-99 has been identified. This report describes a comparative demonstration between two concrete removal technologies: an innovative system using Centrifugal Shot Blasting (CSB) and a modified baseline technology called a rotary drum planer.

  7. Concepts in Localization of Vibrations of Irregular Systems Aim: fundamental understanding of the effect of the boundary topology and of its complexity on the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) M. FILOCHE (CMLA/PMC) F. PASCAL (CMLA) B SAPOVAL (PMC) mardi 16 mars 2010 #12;Concepts : Localisation des vibrations dans les plaques minces O. ALLIX, O. DORIVAL (LMT) M. FILOCHE (CMLA/PMC) F. PASCAL

  8. Technology Strategy Board Driving Innovation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Jim

    six months to three years. Business partners contribute the balance of costs while reaping and innovation that will provide the inspiration and energy for UK businesses to emerge from these uncertain and profits from innovative ideas and in the longer term provides UK business with leadership and energy

  9. Green Office Program: Innovation Credits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Green Office Program: Innovation Credits There are plenty of sustainable practices that aren't on our Green Office Program checklist. In an effort to encourage such practices, and reward offices Green: 5 Think outside the box, but make sure your innovation credits are approved by your Green Office

  10. QUARTIER DE L'INNOVATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barthelat, Francois

    , but largely unknown to the public Facing sizeable urban planning challenges Comprising three of Montreal of the QI's NPO October 2013 First QI Board Meeting November 2013 Montreal Summit on Innovation on Smart Grids (Nov. 7) Implementation of key projects Montreal Summit on Innovation In Liege (Belgium

  11. Proof of concept testing of an integrated dry injection system for SO{sub 2}/NO{sub x} control. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Helfritch, D.J.; Bortz, S.J. [Research-Cottrell, Inc., Somerville, NJ (United States); Beittel, R. [Riley Stoker Corp., Worcester, MA (United States)

    1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The integrated Dry Injection Process (IDIP) consists of combustion modification using low NO{sub x} burners to reduce NO{sub x} emissions, dry injection of hydrated line at economizer temperatures for primary capture of SO{sub 2}, dry injection of a commercial grade sodium bicarbonate at the air heater exit for additional SO{sub 2} and NO{sub x} removal, and humidification for precipitator conditioning. IDIP offers the potential for simultaneously achieving 90% SO{sub 2} removal, and 65% NO{sub x} removal from a high sulfur flue gas. The process is well suited for new or retrofit applications since it can be incorporated within existing economizer and downstream ductwork. Subscale tests were performed in order to identify the best calcium and sodium sorbents. These tests involved the injection of calcium hydroxide and sodium sorbents at various points of the flue gas system downstream of a 0.25 MM BTU/hr. coal fired combustor, and the gas residence times, cooling rates and temperatures were comparable to those found for full-scale utility boilers. These tests verified that a high surface area hydrated lime provides maximum sorbent utilization and identified an alcohol-water hydrated lime as yielding the highest surface area and the best SO{sub 2} removal capability. The tests also identified sodium bicarbonate to be somewhat more effective than sodium sesquicarbonate for SO{sub 2} removal. The proof of concept demonstration was conducted on the large combustor at the Riley Stoker Research Facility in Worcester, MA. When economically compared to conventional limestone slurry scrubbing on a 300 MW plant, the dry injection process shows lower capital cost but higher operating cost. Hydrated lime injection can be less costly than limestone scrubbing when two or more of the following conditions exist: plant is small (less than 100MW); yearly operating hours are small (less than 3000); and the remaining plant lifetime is small (less than 10 years).

  12. Unvented, Conditioned Attics - Building America Top Innovation...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Read about this Top Innovation. See an example of this Top Innovation in action. Find case studies of Building America projects across the country that demonstrate unvented,...

  13. Unvented, Conditioned Crawlspaces - Building America Top Innovation...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    about this Top Innovation. See an example of this Top Innovation in action. Find more case studies of Building America projects across the country that demonstrate unvented,...

  14. Innovative Exploration Techniques for Geothermal Assessment at...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Techniques for Geothermal Assessment at Jemez Pueblo, New Mexico Innovative Exploration Techniques for Geothermal Assessment at Jemez Pueblo, New Mexico Innovative Exploration...

  15. Comprehensive Energy Projects (CEP) and Innovative Financing...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Comprehensive Energy Projects (CEP) and Innovative Financing Comprehensive Energy Projects (CEP) and Innovative Financing Presented at the Technology Transition Corporation and...

  16. On Military Innovation: Toward an Analytical Framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ross, Andrew L

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    new The Study of Innovation and Technology in China (SITC)components of military innovation (technology, doctrine, andinnovations: robotics and information technologies for

  17. Energy Innovation Assistance Program (EIAP) (Quebec, Canada)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Energy innovation assistance program (PAIE) aims to encourage the development of new technologies or innovative processes focusing on energy efficiency or emerging energy sources by financially...

  18. Spanish Association for the Internationalisation and Innovation...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Spanish Association for the Internationalisation and Innovation of Solar Companies Jump to: navigation, search Name: Spanish Association for the Internationalisation and Innovation...

  19. Energy Innovation: Green Button Initiative Empowering Americans...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Energy Innovation: Green Button Initiative Empowering Americans to Save Energy and Money Energy Innovation: Green Button Initiative Empowering Americans to Save Energy and Money...

  20. Grand Challenge Portfolio: Driving Innovations in Industrial...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Documents & Publications Grand Challenge Portfolio: Driving Innovations in Industrial Energy Efficiency, January 2011 - pg 8 Grand Challenge Portfolio: Driving Innovations in...

  1. Modeling, design and thermal performance of a BIPV/T system thermally coupled with a ventilated concrete slab in a low energy solar house: Part 1, BIPV/T system and house energy concept

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, Yuxiang; Athienitis, A.K.; Galal, Khaled [Dept. of Building, Civil and Environmental Engineering, Concordia University, 1455 De Maisonneuve West, EV6.139, Montreal, Quebec (Canada)

    2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper is the first of two papers that describe the modeling, design, and performance assessment based on monitored data of a building-integrated photovoltaic-thermal (BIPV/T) system thermally coupled with a ventilated concrete slab (VCS) in a prefabricated, two-storey detached, low energy solar house. This house, with a design goal of near net-zero annual energy consumption, was constructed in 2007 in Eastman, Quebec, Canada - a cold climate area. Several novel solar technologies are integrated into the house and with passive solar design to reach this goal. An air-based open-loop BIPV/T system produces electricity and collects heat simultaneously. Building-integrated thermal mass is utilized both in passive and active forms. Distributed thermal mass in the direct gain area and relatively large south facing triple-glazed windows (about 9% of floor area) are employed to collect and store passive solar gains. An active thermal energy storage system (TES) stores part of the collected thermal energy from the BIPV/T system, thus reducing the energy consumption of the house ground source heat pump heating system. This paper focuses on the BIPV/T system and the integrated energy concept of the house. Monitored data indicate that the BIPV/T system has a typical efficiency of about 20% for thermal energy collection, and the annual space heating energy consumption of the house is about 5% of the national average. A thermal model of the BIPV/T system suitable for preliminary design and control of the airflow is developed and verified with monitored data. (author)

  2. Hypothesis-Based Concept Assignment to Support Software Maintenance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gold, Nicolas

    is on automatic concept assignment with minimal user involvement, although the activity can also be performed semi-automatically or manually. HB-CA is an example of a plausible reasoning concept assignment system. This approach was adopted analysis [1]. Two other examples of plausible reasoning concept assignment systems are DM-TAO (part

  3. Geothermal innovative technologies catalog

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kenkeremath, D. (ed.)

    1988-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The technology items in this report were selected on the basis of technological readiness and applicability to current technology transfer thrusts. The items include technologies that are considered to be within 2 to 3 years of being transferred. While the catalog does not profess to be entirely complete, it does represent an initial attempt at archiving innovative geothermal technologies with ample room for additions as they occur. The catalog itself is divided into five major functional areas: Exploration; Drilling, Well Completion, and Reservoir Production; Materials and Brine Chemistry; Direct Use; and Economics. Within these major divisions are sub-categories identifying specific types of technological advances: Hardware; Software; Data Base; Process/Procedure; Test Facility; and Handbook.

  4. A Comparative Approach to the Protection of Fashion Innovations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wulf, Alexander

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Innovation Factor: High Product Lifecycle: Short Supplier:Innovation Factor: Low Product Lifecycle: Long Market Volume

  5. Evaluation of pressure sensing concepts: A technology assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shepard, R.L.; Thacker, L.H.

    1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Advanced distributed control systems for electric power plants will require more accurate and reliable pressure gauges than those now installed. Future developments in power plant control systems are expected to use digital/optical networks rather than the analog/electric data transmission used in existing plants. Many pressure transmitters now installed use oil filling to separate process fluids from the gauge mechanism and are subject to insidious failures when the oil leaks. Testing and maintenance of pressure channels occupy a disproportionately large amount of effort to restore their accuracy and verify their operability. These and similar concerns have prompted an assessment of a broad spectrum of sensor technologies to aid in selecting the most likely candidates for adaptation to power plant applications. Ten representative conventional and thirty innovational pressure sensors are described and compared. Particular emphasis is focused on two categories: Silicon-integrated pressure sensors and fiber-optic sensors, and both of these categories are discussed in detail. Additional attractive concepts include variable reluctance gauges and resonant structure gauges that may not require oil buffering from the process fluid.

  6. It's not just about innovation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wiley, H. S.

    2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Last year, I was one of the reviewers of proposals to a newly created NIH program, the New Innovator Award. Its goal was to address a frequent criticism – that peer review is biased against innovation – and to fund exceptionally innovative, high impact research from new investigators. To encourage the submission of innovative ideas, preliminary data was not required. Nearly 2,200 applications were submitted, but only 30 awards were made, for a success rate of <1.4%. This suggests either that there are a lot of unfunded innovative ideas out there, or that the ability to submit a proposal without preliminary data was irresistible. Over the years, I have observed that very few innovative ideas are ever brought to the point where they have made a significant impact on biological research. Grant review panels implicitly understand this unpleasant truth. The defining characteristic of successful ideas are bright and preserving scientists who believe in their ideas and are willing to do whatever it takes to make them succeed. What Thomas Edison said about genius is equally applicable to innovation; it, too, is mostly about perspiration.

  7. Dynamic building enclosures : the design of an innovative constructive system which permits mechanically-driven, computer-controlled shape transformations to the building envelope

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nelson, Eric (Eric Freeman), 1964-

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Dynamic Building Enclosures is a system of prefabricated, lightweight, kit-of-parts wall and/or roof elements. This system has the unique capability of dynamically altering, or mutating its shape in reaction to changing ...

  8. Proceedings of 2009 NSF Engineering Research and Innovation Conference, Honolulu, Hawaii Grant #0423484 Separation and Energy Use Performance of Material Recycling Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gutowski, Timothy

    #0423484 Separation and Energy Use Performance of Material Recycling Systems Timothy Gutowski Malima I Abstract: This paper outlines current research on the performance of recycling processes and systems of recycling processes. Descriptive terminology for separation performance is presented. The goal

  9. 15 17 June 2011, T-Labs Berlin Germany Innovative Internet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rossak, Wilhelm R.

    15 ­ 17 June 2011, T-Labs Berlin Germany Innovative Internet Community Systems Welcome to the 11th Berlin/Germany, 15 ­ 17 June 2011 OrgTeam Deutsche Telekom Laboratories & Technische Universität Berlin #12;15 ­ 17 June 2011, T-Labs Berlin Germany Innovative Internet Community Systems Opening Session I2

  10. Department of Energy and Mineral Engineering Spring 2013 Solar Innovations -HVAC and Waste Stream Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demirel, Melik C.

    PENNSTATE Department of Energy and Mineral Engineering Spring 2013 Solar Innovations - HVAC and Waste Stream Analysis Overview There are two problems that were voiced by Solar Innovations, HVAC system design and recycling stream improvement. The HVAC system was not providing even conditioning of office

  11. The Texas Experimental Tokamak: A plasma research facility. A proposal submitted to the Department of Energy in response to Program Notice 95-10: Innovations in toroidal magnetic confinement systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The Fusion Research Center (FRC) at the University Texas will operate the tokamak TEXT-U and its associated systems for experimental research in basic plasma physics. While the tokamak is not innovative, the research program, diagnostics and planned experiments are. The fusion community will reap the benefits of the success in completing the upgrades (auxiliary heating, divertor, diagnostics, wall conditioning), developing diverted discharges in both double and single null configurations, exploring improved confinement regimes including a limiter H-mode, and developing unique, critical turbulence diagnostics. With these new regimes, the authors are poised to perform the sort of turbulence and transport studies for which the TEXT group has distinguished itself and for which the upgrade was intended. TEXT-U is also a facility for collaborators to perform innovative experiments and develop diagnostics before transferring them to larger machines. The general philosophy is that the understanding of plasma physics must be part of any intelligent fusion program, and that basic experimental research is the most important part of any such program. The emphasis of the proposed research is to provide well-documented plasmas which will be used to suggest and evaluate theories, to explore control techniques, to develop advanced diagnostics and analysis techniques, and to extend current drive techniques. Up to 1 MW of electron cyclotron heating (ECH) will be used not only for heating but as a localized, perturbative tool. Areas of proposed research are: (1) core turbulence and transport; (2) edge turbulence and transport; (3) turbulence analysis; (4) improved confinement; (5) ECH physics; (6) Alfven wave current drive; and (7) diagnostic development.

  12. Dry Coal Feed System and Multi-Element Injector Test Plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ken Sprouse; Fred Widman; Alan Darby

    2006-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Pratt & Whitney Rocketdyne (PWR) has developed an innovative gasifier concept that uses rocket engine technology to significantly improve gasifier performance, life, and cost compared to current state-of-the-art systems. One key feature of the PWR concept is the use of an ultra-dense phase feed system to provide dry coal to the multi-element injector. This report describes the layout, test procedures, instrumentation and data acquisition requirements for an ultradense phase multi-element injector and feed system to be operated at the University of North Dakota Energy and Environmental Research Center (UNDEERC).

  13. Lignol Innovations, Inc. Demonstration-Scale Biorefinery

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Lignol Innovations, Inc., biorefinery will produce cellulosic ethanol, high purity lignin, and furfural from hardwoods.

  14. Gene duplications, robustness and evolutionary innovations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wagner, Andreas

    , flowering plant evolution and heart development, which encompass some of the most striking innovationsGene duplications, robustness and evolutionary innovations Andreas Wagner1,2,3 Summary Mutational with evolutionary innovation is thus a special case of a general mechanism linking innovation to robustness

  15. Enterprise Innovation Institute Annual Report 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Das, Suman

    The Enterprise Innovation Institute is headquartered at Technology Square on Georgia Tech's campus. Helped of science, technology, and innovation. During fiscal year 2011, the Enterprise Innovation Institute: 2 #12 is to help enterprises of all kinds apply sci- ence, technology, and innovation to improve their bottom lines

  16. Medical Technologies Innovation Training 2014 BIOINNOVATE FELLOWSHIP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prinz, Friedrich B.

    Medical Technologies Innovation Training 2014 BIOINNOVATE FELLOWSHIP BioInnovate Ireland is now medical technology companies and for the development of innovative medical device products. Ireland solutions to meet those needs and implement a strategy to commercialise the technology. BioInnovate

  17. Energy Security, Innovation & Sustainability Initiative

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2010-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

    More than a dozen energy experts convened in Houston, Texas, on February 13, 2009, for the first in a series of four regionally-based energy summits being held by the Council on Competitiveness. The Southern Energy Summit was hosted by Marathon Oil Corporation, and participants explored the public policy, business and technological challenges to increasing the diversity and sustainability of U.S. energy supplies. There was strong consensus that no single form of energy can satisfy the projected doubling, if not tripling, of demand by the year 2050 while also meeting pressing environmental challenges, including climate change. Innovative technology such as carbon capture and storage, new mitigation techniques and alternative forms of energy must all be brought to bear. However, unlike breakthroughs in information technology, advancing broad-based energy innovation requires an enormous scale that must be factored into any equation that represents an energy solution. Further, the time frame for developing alternative forms of energy is much longer than many believe and is not understood by the general public, whose support for sustainability is critical. Some panelists estimated that it will take more than 50 years to achieve the vision of an energy system that is locally tailored and has tremendous diversity in generation. A long-term commitment to energy sustainability may also require some game-changing strategies that calm volatile energy markets and avoid political cycles. Taking a page from U.S. economic history, one panelist suggested the creation of an independent Federal Energy Reserve Board not unlike the Federal Reserve. The board would be independent and influence national decisions on energy supply, technology, infrastructure and the nation's carbon footprint to better calm the volatile energy market. Public-private efforts are critical. Energy sustainability will require partnerships with the federal government, such as the U.S. Department of Energy's National Laboratories, that can provide real-world improvements in both the short- and long-term. Indeed, the roles of government and the private sector in energy sustainability were brought into sharper focus by the pending American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, also known as the economic stimulus bill. There was cautious optimism that the bill was moving the nation in the right direction by way of focusing on greater energy efficiency, alternative forms of energy and improved infrastructure. Nevertheless, there was concern over Congress picking energy winners and losers. Instead, Congress should challenge industry to produce solutions that will create a clear path forward to energy sustainability that the American people can support.

  18. Innovative Separations Technologies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    J. Tripp; N. Soelberg; R. Wigeland

    2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Reprocessing used nuclear fuel (UNF) is a multi-faceted problem involving chemistry, material properties, and engineering. Technology options are available to meet a variety of processing goals. A decision about which reprocessing method is best depends significantly on the process attributes considered to be a priority. New methods of reprocessing that could provide advantages over the aqueous Plutonium Uranium Reduction Extraction (PUREX) and Uranium Extraction + (UREX+) processes, electrochemical, and other approaches are under investigation in the Fuel Cycle Research and Development (FCR&D) Separations Campaign. In an attempt to develop a revolutionary approach to UNF recycle that may have more favorable characteristics than existing technologies, five innovative separations projects have been initiated. These include: (1) Nitrogen Trifluoride for UNF Processing; (2) Reactive Fluoride Gas (SF6) for UNF Processing; (3) Dry Head-end Nitration Processing; (4) Chlorination Processing of UNF; and (5) Enhanced Oxidation/Chlorination Processing of UNF. This report provides a description of the proposed processes, explores how they fit into the Modified Open Cycle (MOC) and Full Recycle (FR) fuel cycles, and identifies performance differences when compared to 'reference' advanced aqueous and fluoride volatility separations cases. To be able to highlight the key changes to the reference case, general background on advanced aqueous solvent extraction, advanced oxidative processes (e.g., volumetric oxidation, or 'voloxidation,' which is high temperature reaction of oxide UNF with oxygen, or modified using other oxidizing and reducing gases), and fluorination and chlorination processes is provided.

  19. Total football in innovation policy Discussion paper on the evaluation of innovation policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    innovation policy can be derived. Effective innovation policy addresses the issues within the technology1 Total football in innovation policy Discussion paper on the evaluation of innovation policy Koen Schoots, Bert Daniëls, Rodrigo Rivera ECN Policy Studies The innovation climate in the Netherlands

  20. Text-Alternative Version of Building America Webinar: High-Performance Enclosure Strategies, Part 1: Unvented Roof Systems and Innovative Advanced Framing Strategies

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This webinar, held on February 12, 2015, focused on methods to design and build roof and wall systems for high performance homes that optimize energy and moisture performance.

  1. An innovative accelerator-driven inertial electrostatic confinement device using converging ion beams

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bauer, T. H.; Wigeland, R. A.

    1999-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Fundamental physics issues facing development of fusion power on a small-scale are assessed with emphasis on the idea of Inertial Electrostatic Confinement (IEC). The authors propose a new concept of accelerator-driven IEC fusion, termed Converging Beam Inertial Electrostatic Confinement (CB-IEC). CB-IEC offers a number of innovative features that make it an attractive pathway toward resolving fundamental physics issues and assessing the ultimate viability of the IEC concept for power generation.

  2. Theorising governance and innovation in sustainable energy transitions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sussex, University of

    Theorising governance and innovation in sustainable energy transitions Matthew Lockwood, Caroline to a sustainable energy future. This paper presents a tentative, provisional framework for analysing energy system. A provisional hypothesis is that the UK's ability to make the transition to a sustainable energy system

  3. Common tester platform concept.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hurst, Michael James

    2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes the results of a case study on the doctrine of a common tester platform, a concept of a standardized platform that can be applicable across the broad spectrum of testing requirements throughout the various stages of a weapons program, as well as across the various weapons programs. The common tester concept strives to define an affordable, next-generation design that will meet testing requirements with the flexibility to grow and expand; supporting the initial development stages of a weapons program through to the final production and surveillance stages. This report discusses a concept investing key leveraging technologies and operational concepts combined with prototype tester-development experiences and practical lessons learned gleaned from past weapons programs.

  4. College Students‘ GIS Spatial Concept Knowledge Assessed by Concept Maps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oda, Katsuhiko

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    an introductory-level GIS course to create concept maps about space and revised their concept maps in three experiment sessions. For the first question, the researcher scored the sixty obtained concept maps and statistically analyzed those scores to examine...

  5. Bistatic SAR: Proof of Concept.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yocky, David A.; Doren, Neall E.; Bacon, Terry A.; Wahl, Daniel E.; Eichel, Paul H.; Jakowatz, Charles V,; Delaplain, Gilbert G.; Dubbert, Dale F.; Tise, Bertice L.; White, Kyle R.

    2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Typical synthetic aperture RADAR (SAR) imaging employs a co-located RADAR transmitter and receiver. Bistatic SAR imaging separates the transmitter and receiver locations. A bistatic SAR configuration allows for the transmitter and receiver(s) to be in a variety of geometric alignments. Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) / New Mexico proposed the deployment of a ground-based RADAR receiver. This RADAR receiver was coupled with the capability of digitizing and recording the signal collected. SNL proposed the possibility of creating an image of targets the illuminating SAR observes. This document describes the developed hardware, software, bistatic SAR configuration, and its deployment to test the concept of a ground-based bistatic SAR. In the proof-of-concept experiments herein, the RADAR transmitter will be a commercial SAR satellite and the RADAR receiver will be deployed at ground level, observing and capturing RADAR ground/targets illuminated by the satellite system.

  6. ADVANCED SULFUR CONTROL CONCEPTS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Apostolos A. Nikolopoulos; Santosh K. Gangwal; William J. McMichael; Jeffrey W. Portzer

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Conventional sulfur removal in integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) power plants involves numerous steps: COS (carbonyl sulfide) hydrolysis, amine scrubbing/regeneration, Claus process, and tail-gas treatment. Advanced sulfur removal in IGCC systems involves typically the use of zinc oxide-based sorbents. The sulfides sorbent is regenerated using dilute air to produce a dilute SO{sub 2} (sulfur dioxide) tail gas. Under previous contracts the highly effective first generation Direct Sulfur Recovery Process (DSRP) for catalytic reduction of this SO{sub 2} tail gas to elemental sulfur was developed. This process is currently undergoing field-testing. In this project, advanced concepts were evaluated to reduce the number of unit operations in sulfur removal and recovery. Substantial effort was directed towards developing sorbents that could be directly regenerated to elemental sulfur in an Advanced Hot Gas Process (AHGP). Development of this process has been described in detail in Appendices A-F. RTI began the development of the Single-step Sulfur Recovery Process (SSRP) to eliminate the use of sorbents and multiple reactors in sulfur removal and recovery. This process showed promising preliminary results and thus further process development of AHGP was abandoned in favor of SSRP. The SSRP is a direct Claus process that consists of injecting SO{sub 2} directly into the quenched coal gas from a coal gasifier, and reacting the H{sub 2}S-SO{sub 2} mixture over a selective catalyst to both remove and recover sulfur in a single step. The process is conducted at gasifier pressure and 125 to 160 C. The proposed commercial embodiment of the SSRP involves a liquid phase of molten sulfur with dispersed catalyst in a slurry bubble-column reactor (SBCR).

  7. Concept tests: Wind tunnel tests in controlled wind Comparison tests: Free field comparison to 3D sonic anemometer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    comparable potential. Wind measurements on wind turbines in undisturbed wind, relative to nacelle anemometryConcept tests: Wind tunnel tests in controlled wind Comparison tests: Free field comparison to 3D" by CFD calculations Spinner AnemometrySpinner Anemometry -- An Innovative Wind Measurement Concept

  8. Bioinformatics | Computer Engineering | Cyber Security | Electrical Engineering | Industrial Engineering | Manufacturing Engineering Organizational Behavior | Power Electronics and Systems | Telecommunication Networks | Wireless Innovation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aronov, Boris

    or in Westchester and Long Island. The degree earned and the body of knowledge is exactly the same as those receivedBioinformatics | Computer Engineering | Cyber Security | Electrical Engineering | Industrial Engineering | Manufacturing Engineering Organizational Behavior | Power Electronics and Systems

  9. The medication mismanagement system : causes, evidence of user innovation, and a view towards a product/service solution for the elderly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hanson, Joshua A. (Joshua Alan)

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Introduction: What could be easier than taking a pill? The doctor prescribes it, the pharmacist provides it and the patient swallows it with a glass of water twice a day for a cure; a very straightforward system of cause ...

  10. The effects of the middle school concept on student achievement as identified by principals and the Academic Excellence Indicator System (AEIS) reports in selected middle schools in Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brundrett, Robert Clinton

    2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    ?long ?time?friends ? and?colleagues, ?Dr. ?Cecil ? Floyd,?Executive?Director ?of ?the ?Texas?Middle?School?Association, ?and ?Mr.?Tom ? Leyden,?Director ?of ?Middle ?Level ?Services?for ?the ?Texas?Association ?of ? Secondary? School?Principals.?They ?helped...?of ?the ?middle ?school ?concept ?are ?as ?follows: ?teach ?a? curriculum?grounded ? in?rigorous, ?public ?academic ?standards; ?use ?instructional ? methods?designed ?to? prepare?all ?students ?to?achieve ?higher?standards?and? become...

  11. Modeling a Paradigm Shift: From Producer Innovation to User and Open Collaborative Innovation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baldwin, Carliss

    In this paper, we assess the economic viability of innovation by producers relative to two increasingly important alternative models: innovations by single-user individuals or firms and open collaborative innovation. We ...

  12. Fusion Engineering and Design 81 (2006) 455460 Breeder foam: an innovative low porosity solid breeder material

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghoniem, Nasr M.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ; Foam processing; Foam applications 1. Introduction Solid breeder blanket concepts are typically based structural and Be material requirements in a breeder blanket. However, high density Li-ceramic foams haveFusion Engineering and Design 81 (2006) 455­460 Breeder foam: an innovative low porosity solid

  13. Small Business Innovation Research. Abstracts of Phase I awards, 1999

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    1999-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This booklet presents technical abstracts of Phase I awards made in Fiscal Year (FY) 1999 under the DOE Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program. SBIR research explores innovative concepts in important technological and scientific areas that can lead to valuable new technology and products. The work described in the abstracts is novel, high-risk research, but the benefits will also be potentially high if the objectives are met. Brief comments on the potential applications, as described by the awardee, are given after each abstract. Individuals and organizations, including venture capital and larger industrial firms, with an interest in the research described in any of the abstracts are encouraged to contact the appropriate small business directly.

  14. Solar optical materials for innovative window design

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lampert, C.M.

    1982-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    New and innovative optical materials and coatings can greatly improve the efficiency of window energy systems. These potential materials and coatings increase energy efficiency by reducing radiative losses in the infrared, or reducing visible reflection losses or controlling overheating due to solar gain. Current progress in heat mirror coatings for glass and polymeric substrates is presented. Highly doped semiconducting oxides and metal/dielectric interference coatings are reviewed. Physical and optical properties are outlined for antireflection films and transparent aerogel insulation media. The potential for optical switching films as window elements includes discussions of electrochromic, photochromic and other physical switching processes.

  15. SCIENTIFIC INNOVATION THROUGH INTEGRATION

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    repre- sentation of terrestrial ecosystem processes in the land components of Earth system models. The appointment is funded directly by the Department of Energy's Office of...

  16. Greenhouse Gas Initiatives - Analysis of McCain-Lieberman Bill S.280 ‘The ClimateStewardship and Innovation Act of 2007’ Using the National Energy Modeling System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellsworth, C.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , and prices, and the technologies and market mechanisms that are likely to be employed to reduce CO2 emissions. The paper also reports on the results of analysis of GHG bills performed by SAIC using the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS). NEMS...

  17. Greenhouse Gas Initiatives - Analysis of McCain-Lieberman Bill S.280 ‘The ClimateStewardship and Innovation Act of 2007’ Using the National Energy Modeling System 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellsworth, C.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , and prices, and the technologies and market mechanisms that are likely to be employed to reduce CO2 emissions. The paper also reports on the results of analysis of GHG bills performed by SAIC using the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS). NEMS...

  18. 2014 Housing Innovation Awards DOE Challenge Home Application...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Housing Innovation Awards DOE Challenge Home Application 2014 Housing Innovation Awards DOE Challenge Home Application The U.S. Department of Energy's Housing Innovation Awards...

  19. Building America Top Innovations Hall of Fame Profile - Building...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Top Innovations Hall of Fame Profile - Building America's Top Innovations Propel the Home Building Industry toward Higher Performance Building America Top Innovations Hall of Fame...

  20. Integration of HVAC System Design with Simplified Duct Distribution...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    about this Top Innovation. See an example of this Top Innovation in action. Find more case studies of Building America projects across the country that integrate HVAC system...

  1. advanced atomization concept: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    S. Bangert; Donald P. Garber; Lawrence D. Huebner; Robert E 2000-01-01 71 Novel turbomachinery concepts for highly integrated airframepropulsion systems MIT - DSpace Summary:...

  2. Masters Engineering ELITE Programme Applying Innovation in Engineering University of Toronto APS1013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toronto, University of

    of innovation management including; strategic and systems thinking, business process management, creativity Process Management Methodology ­ Attend 2-3 hours training on the process in the 2nd module #12;Masters important to Applying Innovation! A hard copy and a soft copy of the paper (using Microsoft Word

  3. Masters Engineering ELITE Programme Applying Innovation in Engineering University of Toronto APS1013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toronto, University of

    of the tools and techniques of innovation management including; strategic and systems thinking, business per team) ! Apply the 17 step Innovation Process Management Methodology ­ Attend 2-3 hours training and a soft copy of the paper (using Microsoft Word, NOT an Adobe Acrobat PDF!) must be delivered by email

  4. When innovativeness in form matters: the joint impact of form innovativeness and expected innovativeness type on product evaluations over time 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kroff, Michael William

    2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Past research in the area of product innovativeness has been dominated by studies conducted at the firm level. Furthermore, these studies principally lack a consumer perspective on the product innovativeness - product ...

  5. Measuring the U.S.-China Innovation Gap: Initial Findings of the UCSD-Tsinghua Innovation Metrics Survey Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    STUDY OF INNOVATION AND TECHNOLOGY IN CHINA POLICY BRIEF STIThe Study of Innovation and Technology in China (SITC) is aof Science, Technology, and Innovation: Interim Report,”

  6. Carbon Markets and Technological Innovation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weber, T A; Neuhoff, Karsten

    www.eprg.group.cam.ac.uk E P R G W O R K IN G P A P E R N O N -T E C H N IC A L S U M M A R Y Carbon Markets and Technological Innovation EPRG Working Paper 0917 Cambridge Working Paper in Economics 0932 Thomas A. Weber... and Karsten Neuhoff This paper examines how considering firm-level innovation in carbon-abatement technologies influences the optimal design choice for carbon pricing. It builds on Weitzman’s model (1974) that shows in what instances cap and trade...

  7. Disruptive Innovation in Numerical Hydrodynamics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Waltz, Jacob I. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2012-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose the research and development of a high-fidelity hydrodynamic algorithm for tetrahedral meshes that will lead to a disruptive innovation in the numerical modeling of Laboratory problems. Our proposed innovation has the potential to reduce turnaround time by orders of magnitude relative to Advanced Simulation and Computing (ASC) codes; reduce simulation setup costs by millions of dollars per year; and effectively leverage Graphics Processing Unit (GPU) and future Exascale computing hardware. If successful, this work will lead to a dramatic leap forward in the Laboratory's quest for a predictive simulation capability.

  8. Commercialization and Innovation Fact Sheet

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625govInstrumentstdmadapInactiveVisiting theCommercialization and Innovation The Commercialization and Innovation

  9. Social Impact Management Plans: Innovation in corporate and public policy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Franks, Daniel M., E-mail: d.franks@uq.edu.au [Centre for Social Responsibility in Mining, The University of Queensland, Sustainable Minerals Institute, St Lucia, Brisbane, Queensland 4072 (Australia); Vanclay, Frank, E-mail: frank.vanclay@rug.nl [Department of Cultural Geography, Faculty of Spatial Sciences, The University of Groningen, P.O. Box 800, 9700 AV Groningen (Netherlands)] [Department of Cultural Geography, Faculty of Spatial Sciences, The University of Groningen, P.O. Box 800, 9700 AV Groningen (Netherlands)

    2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Social Impact Assessment (SIA) has traditionally been practiced as a predictive study for the regulatory approval of major projects, however, in recent years the drivers and domain of focus for SIA have shifted. This paper details the emergence of Social Impact Management Plans (SIMPs) and undertakes an analysis of innovations in corporate and public policy that have put in place ongoing processes – assessment, management and monitoring – to better identify the nature and scope of the social impacts that might occur during implementation and to proactively respond to change across the lifecycle of developments. Four leading practice examples are analyzed. The International Finance Corporation (IFC) Performance Standards require the preparation of Environmental and Social Management Plans for all projects financed by the IFC identified as having significant environmental and social risks. Anglo American, a major resources company, has introduced a Socio-Economic Assessment Toolbox, which requires mine sites to undertake regular assessments and link these assessments with their internal management systems, monitoring activities and a Social Management Plan. In South Africa, Social and Labour Plans are submitted with an application for a mining or production right. In Queensland, Australia, Social Impact Management Plans were developed as part of an Environmental Impact Statement, which included assessment of social impacts. Collectively these initiatives, and others, are a practical realization of theoretical conceptions of SIA that include management and monitoring as core components of SIA. The paper concludes with an analysis of the implications for the practice of impact assessment including a summary of key criteria for the design and implementation of effective SIMPs. -- Highlights: • Social impact management plans are effective strategies to manage social issues. • They are developed in partnership with regulatory agencies, investors and community. • SIMPs link assessment to ongoing management and address social and community issues. • SIMPs clarify responsibilities in the management of impacts, opportunities and risks. • SIMPs demonstrate a shift to include management as a core component of SIA practice.

  10. Adventures in Supercomputing: An innovative program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Summers, B.G.; Hicks, H.R.; Oliver, C.E.

    1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Within the realm of education, seldom does an innovative program become available with the potential to change an educator`s teaching methodology and serve as a spur to systemic reform. The Adventures in Supercomputing (AiS) program, sponsored by the Department of Energy, is such a program. Adventures in Supercomputing is a program for high school and middle school teachers. It has helped to change the teaching paradigm of many of the teachers involved in the program from a teacher-centered classroom to a student-centered classroom. ``A student-centered classroom offers better opportunities for development of internal motivation, planning skills, goal setting and perseverance than does the traditional teacher-directed mode``. Not only is the process of teaching changed, but evidences of systemic reform are beginning to surface. After describing the program, the authors discuss the teaching strategies being used and the evidences of systemic change in many of the AiS schools in Tennessee.

  11. National Renewable Energy Laboratory: 35 Years of Innovation (Brochure)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This brochure is an overview of NREL's innovations over the last 35 years. It includes the lab's history and a description of the laboratory of the future. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) primary national laboratory for renewable energy and energy efficiency. NREL's work focuses on advancing renewable energy and energy efficiency technologies from concept to the commercial marketplace through industry partnerships. The Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC, a partnership between Battelle and MRIGlobal, manages NREL for DOE's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy.

  12. Concept of Operations: Essence

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hutton, William J.

    2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This concept of operations is designed to give the reader a brief overview of the National Rural Electric Cooperative Association’s Essence project and a description of the Essence device design. The data collected by the device, how the data are used, and how the data are protected are also discussed in this document.

  13. Data Mining: Concepts and Techniques

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Geldenhuys, Jaco

    11 Data Mining: Concepts and Techniques (3rd ed.) -- Chapter 1 -- Jiawei Han, Micheline Kamber. All rights reserved. #12;July 29, 2013 Data Mining: Concepts and Techniques 2July 29, 2013 Data Mining: Concepts and Techniques 2 #12;July 29, 2013 Data Mining: Concepts and Techniques 3July 29, 2013 Data Mining

  14. Sophia Proof of Concept Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gordon Rueff; Corey Thuen; James Davidson

    2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Final report covering the development, deployment and lessons learning while making the Sophia proof of concept.

  15. Understanding Innovation in Student Design Projects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elizondo, Luis A.

    Over the past few years, academic institutions have become aware of the importance of innovation in education, as well as its broader role in strengthening the economy. Creativity and innovative thinking are not easily ...

  16. Essays on innovation, productivity, and talent allocation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shu, Pian

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis contains three essays on innovation, productivity, and talent allocation. The first essay explores a novel channel through which short-term economic fluctuations affect the long-term innovative output of the ...

  17. OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY CENTER FOR INNOVATION AND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Veiga, Pedro Manuel Barbosa

    OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY CENTER FOR INNOVATION AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT, INC. June 30, 2010 #12;OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY CENTER FOR INNOVATION AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT, INC. June 30, 2010 Audited Standards ...........20 #12;Independent Auditors' Report Board of Regents Oklahoma Agricultural

  18. OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY CENTER FOR INNOVATION AND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Veiga, Pedro Manuel Barbosa

    OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY CENTER FOR INNOVATION AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT, INC. June 30, 2011 #12;OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY CENTER FOR INNOVATION AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT, INC. June 30, 2011 Standards ...........18 #12; 1 Independent Auditors' Report Board of Regents Oklahoma Agricultural

  19. OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY CENTER FOR INNOVATION AND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Veiga, Pedro Manuel Barbosa

    OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY CENTER FOR INNOVATION AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT, INC. June 30, 2009 #12;OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY CENTER FOR INNOVATION AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT, INC. June 30, 2009 Audited Standards ...........20 #12;Independent Auditors' Report Board of Regents Oklahoma Agricultural

  20. Keystone Innovation Zone Tax Credit Program (Pennsylvania)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Keystone Innovation Zone Tax Credit Program provides tax credits to companies less than eight years old who operate within designated innovation zones. A total pool of $25 million in tax...

  1. Joint ECE/PLI Seminar Title: Innovation Growth and Renewal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joint ECE/PLI Seminar Title: Innovation ­ Growth and Renewal Speaker: Chris Christopher, ECE, business plan development, operations, and executive coaching. He is currently engaged in a management, desktop computer software, operating systems, languages and graphics. He was born in Greece, where he

  2. Research Article Study and Evaluation of Innovative Fuel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    spent and fresh fuel assembly and the third uses two casks with a sodium pot to evacuate and load of the French Act of June 28, 2006, about nuclear materials and waste management, a Generation IV and actinidesResearch Article Study and Evaluation of Innovative Fuel Handling Systems for Sodium-Cooled Fast

  3. Technology Innovation Program Guidelines and Documentation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Magee, Joseph W.

    #12;Technology Innovation Program Guidelines and Documentation Requirements for Research Involving ............................................................................ 5 F. Required Documentation.............................................................................. 16 D. Required Documentation

  4. Introducing Kyoto University Tradition, Innovation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takada, Shoji

    in the historical city of Kyoto in 1897, Kyoto University is the second oldest research university in Japan. Today and Development Kyoto University's Mission Statement declares its intention to sustain and develop its historical, and a unique balance is achieved between tradition and innovation. While preserving its rich cultural heritage

  5. Democratized From innovation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Douglas R.

    of small-scale mechanical engineering--in which assemblers build mechanical systems from individual atoms working in teams to sharing language Emergence From top­down to bottom­up principles serious alternative Infrastructure From centralized grids to flexible, smaller- scale networks human clone to term printable

  6. Application of Product Design Concepts and Hybrid System Dynamics to Demonstrate Zeno Behavior and Zeno Periodic Orbits in a Physical Double Pendulum Setup

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kothapalli, Bhargav

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    to understand the significance of periodic orbits on a simple dynamic system. Two hybrid system applications with different levels of complexity will be considered in this thesis – an anthropomorphic Bipedal walking robot and a Double Pendulum with a...

  7. Designing systems for many possible futures : the RSC-based method for affordable concept selection (RMACS), with multi-era analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schaffner, Michael Andrew

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The current downward trend in funding for U.S. defense systems seems to be on a collision course with the state of the practice in systems engineering, which typically results in the increased pace and scale of capabilities ...

  8. Concept synthesis and design optimization of meso-scale, multi-degree-of-freedom precision flexure motion systems with integrated strain-based sensors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DiBiasio, Christopher M. (Christopher Michael)

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this research was to generate the knowledge required to 1) identify where and how to best place strain-based sensors in multi-degree-of-freedom (MDOF) flexure systems and 2) design a flexure system with ...

  9. Isothermal expansion combustion aiming at effective regeneration of exergy. 1. A concept of a new combustion system and its energy/exergy analyses

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Echigo, Ryozo; Saito, Motohiro; Yoshida, Hideo; Kobayashi, K.P.

    1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    From the viewpoint of effective regeneration of exergy in the conversion from thermal energy to kinetic energy, a new combustion process under isothermal condition is suggested. This concept is applied to a gas-turbine cycle consisting of isothermal expansion, which is intermediate between the Carnot and Brayton cycles. Furthermore, polytropic compression, in which the auxiliary combustion assists the compressor, is also introduced so as to sustain self-combustion and ensure a large power generation. The cycle analysis is conducted in comparison with the conventional cycles. It is found that the proposed cycle is efficient with relatively low maximum temperature and is suitable for a combined cycle because of high-temperature exhaust gas.

  10. Development and Testing of the Advanced CHP System Utilizing the Off-Gas from the Innovative Green Coke Calcining Process in Fluidized Bed

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chudnovsky, Yaroslav; Kozlov, Aleksandr

    2013-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Green petroleum coke (GPC) is an oil refining byproduct that can be used directly as a solid fuel or as a feedstock for the production of calcined petroleum coke. GPC contains a high amount of volatiles and sulfur. During the calcination process, the GPC is heated to remove the volatiles and sulfur to produce purified calcined coke, which is used in the production of graphite, electrodes, metal carburizers, and other carbon products. Currently, more than 80% of calcined coke is produced in rotary kilns or rotary hearth furnaces. These technologies provide partial heat utilization of the calcined coke to increase efficiency of the calcination process, but they also share some operating disadvantages. However, coke calcination in an electrothermal fluidized bed (EFB) opens up a number of potential benefits for the production enhancement, while reducing the capital and operating costs. The increased usage of heavy crude oil in recent years has resulted in higher sulfur content in green coke produced by oil refinery process, which requires a significant increase in the calcinations temperature and in residence time. The calorific value of the process off-gas is quite substantial and can be effectively utilized as an “opportunity fuel” for combined heat and power (CHP) production to complement the energy demand. Heat recovered from the product cooling can also contribute to the overall economics of the calcination process. Preliminary estimates indicated the decrease in energy consumption by 35-50% as well as a proportional decrease in greenhouse gas emissions. As such, the efficiency improvement of the coke calcinations systems is attracting close attention of the researchers and engineers throughout the world. The developed technology is intended to accomplish the following objectives: - Reduce the energy and carbon intensity of the calcined coke production process. - Increase utilization of opportunity fuels such as industrial waste off-gas from the novel petroleum coke calcination process. - Increase the opportunity of heat (chemical and physical) utilization from process off-gases and solid product. - Develop a design of advanced CHP system utilizing off-gases as an “opportunity fuel” for petroleum coke calcinations and sensible heat of calcined coke. A successful accomplishment of the aforementioned objectives will contribute toward the following U.S. DOE programmatic goals: - Drive a 25% reduction in U. S. industrial energy intensity by 2017 in support of EPAct 2005; - Contribute to an 18% reduction in U.S. carbon intensity by 2012 as established by the Administration’s “National Goal to Reduce Emissions Intensity.” 8

  11. NAC Technology and Innovation Committee Meeting Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christian, Eric

    NAC Technology and Innovation Committee Meeting Report Esther Dyson Chair, NAC Technology and Innovation Committee August 6, 2010 0 #12;Technology and Innovation Agenda Aug. 3rd Meeting · OCT Update ­ R programs ­ P. Desai · OCT/ESMD Technology Coordination ­ J. Reuther · Overview of ESMD New Technology

  12. Edinburgh Research Explorer Agile Business Model Innovation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Millar, Andrew J.

    Edinburgh Research Explorer Agile Business Model Innovation Citation for published version: Bock, A & Gerard, G 2014, 'Agile Business Model Innovation' The European Business Review, vol May - June 2014. Link Publisher Rights Statement: © Bock, A., & Gerard, G. (2014). Agile Business Model Innovation. The European

  13. Web Technologies for Open Innovation Darko Jesic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Web Technologies for Open Innovation Darko Jesic Université Paris-Dauphine, DRM, Mlab Place du on the application of the Web technologies in the open innovation model. We analyze technologies for expert search of different open innovation paradigms in the function of Web technologies that serve for their realization

  14. Corporate Venture Capital (CVC) Seeking Innovation and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Technology Innovation Program, National Institute of Standards and Technology #12;Corporate Venture Capital, Deputy Director Technology Innovation Program Marc G. Stanley, Director #12;ii Acknowledgments T his policymakers in the role of corporate venture capital (CVC) in technology innovation. The research included

  15. Innovative coke oven gas cleaning system for retrofit applications. Quarterly environmental monitoring report No. 3, January 1, 1991--December 31, 1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Bethlehem Steel Corporation (BSC), in conjunction with the Department of Energy (DOE) is conducting a Clean Coal Technology (CCT) project at its Sparrows Point, Maryland Coke Oven Plant. This project combines several existing technologies into an integrated system for removing impurities from Coke Oven Gas (COG) to make it an acceptable fuel. DOE is providing cost-sharing under a Cooperative Agreement with BSC. This Cooperative Agreement requires BSC to develop and conduct an Environmental Monitoring Plan (EMP) for the Clean Coal Technology project and to report the status of the EMP on a quarterly basis. This report is the third quarterly status report of the EMP. It covers the Environmental Monitoring Plan activities for the full year of 1991 from January 1, 1991 through December 31, 1991, including the forth quarter. See Sections 2, 3 and 4 for status reports of the Project Installation and Commissioning, the Environmental Monitoring activities and the Compliance Monitoring results for the period. Section 5 contains a list of Compliance Reports submitted to regulatory agencies during the period. The EMP describes in detail the environmental monitoring activities to be performed during the project execution. The purpose of the EMP is to: (1) document the extent of compliance of monitoring activities, i.e. those monitoring required to meet permit requirements, (2) confirm the specific impacts predicted in the National Environmental Policy Act documentation, and (3) establish an information base for the assessment of the environmental performance of the technology demonstrated by the project.

  16. Steam vacuum cleaning. Innovative technology summary report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1999-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The US Department of Energy (DOE) continually seeks safer and more cost-effective remediation technologies for use in the decontamination and decommissioning (D and D) of nuclear facilities. The baseline technology currently used for washing debris is a high-pressure water cleaning (HPWC) system. The system used at the FEMP is the Hotsy{reg_sign} Model 550B HPWC. Although the HPWC technology has functioned satisfactorily, improvements are being sought in areas related to reduced liquid waste volume, increased productivity, increased washing effectiveness, and decreased airborne contamination. An innovative technology that offers potential improvements in these areas is a steam vacuum cleaning (SVC) system that integrates high-pressure steam cleaning with a vacuum recovery sub-system that simultaneously collects dislodged contaminants thereby reducing airborne contamination. The SVC system selected for demonstration at the FEMP was the Kelly{trademark} Decontamination System shown. This report provides comparative performance and cost analyses between the Hotsy HPWC system and the Kelly Decontamination System. Both technologies were demonstrated at the FEMP site located at Fernald, Ohio from July 29, 1996 through August 15, 1996. The demonstrations were conducted at the FEMP Plant 1 as part of the LSTD project sponsored by the Deactivation and Decommissioning Focus Area (DDFA) of the US DOE`s Office of Science and Technology.

  17. Innovative grout/retrieval demonstration final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Loomis, G.G.; Thompson, D.N.

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents the results of an evaluation of an innovative retrieval technique for buried transuranic waste. Application of this retrieval technique was originally designed for full pit retrieval; however, it applies equally to a hot spot retrieval technology. The technique involves grouting the buried soil waste matrix with a jet grouting procedure, applying an expansive demolition grout to the matrix, and retrieving the debris. The grouted matrix provides an agglomeration of fine soil particles and contaminants resulting in an inherent contamination control during the dusty retrieval process. A full-scale field demonstration of this retrieval technique was performed on a simulated waste pit at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory. Details are reported on all phases of this proof-of-concept demonstration including pit construction, jet grouting activities, application of the demolition grout, and actual retrieval of the grouted pit. A quantitative evaluation of aerosolized soils and rare earth tracer spread is given for all phases of the demonstration, and these results are compared to a baseline retrieval activity using conventional retrieval means. 8 refs., 47 figs., 10 tabs.

  18. Development of standardized air-blown coal gasifier/gas turbine concepts for future electric power systems. Volume 1, Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sadowski, R.S.; Brown, M.J.; Hester, J.C.; Harriz, J.T.; Ritz, G.J.

    1991-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this study is to develop standardized air blown fixed bed gasification hot gas cleanup integrated gasifier combined cycle (IGCC) systems.

  19. Energy conversion with solid oxide fuel cell systems: A review of concepts amd outlooks for the short- and long-term

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Adams, II, Thomas A. [McMaster University; Nease, Jake [McMaster University; Tucker, David [U.S DOE; Barton, Paul I. [MIT

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A review of energy conversion systems which use solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) as their primary electricity generation component is presented. The systems reviewed are largely geared for development and use in the short- and long-term future. These include systems for bulk power generation, distributed power generation, and systems integrated with other forms of energy conversion such as fuel production. The potential incorporation of CO{sub 2} capture and sequestration technologies and the influences of potential government policies are also discussed.

  20. The recent expansion of design space in aerospace systems beyond traditional concepts has driven a shift in the design boundaries between

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sóbester, András

    and hydraulic. The expansion of the design envelope of the propulsion systems combined with the additional attributes, e.g. manufacturing, assembly, cost, performance, reliability, maintainability, efficiency etc the decision maker to trade between the satisfaction of system requirements versus the cost of implementing

  1. Human-reliability data bank for nuclear-power-plant operations. Volume 2. A data-bank concept and system description

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Comer, M.K.; Kozinsky, E.J.; Eckel, J.S.; Miller, D.P.

    1983-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) is conducting a research program to determine the need for a human-reliability data bank unique to the nuclear industry. This report, in describing a proposed data bank, focuses primarily on four requirements: human-performance data collection, treatment, structuring (storage), and retrieval. Four data-collection methods are proposed: three are extensions to existing systems (i.e., Licensee Event Reports (LER), Nuclear Plant Reliability Data System (NPRDS), and Plant Incident Reports (PIR)); the fourth is a new system called the Nuclear Safety Reporting System (NSRS). Data treatment involves evaluating raw field data and data from other sources (e.g., training simulator, expert judgment, and performance modeling), and preparing them for entry into the data bank. Data structuring involves storage of data by equipment characteristics and human actions at the system, component, and individual control/display levels. Data retrieval uses a set of matrices based on the data-structuring taxonomy.

  2. Increased confidence in concept design through trade space exploration and multiobjective optimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Odegard, Ryan Glenn

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The growing size, complexity and demands of engineering systems requires paying greater attention to the initial design of the system concept. To improve the process by which concept design is carried out, this thesis ...

  3. Innovative, Cost Effective and Energy Efficient Desgin for New Construction at a Texas High School

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khan, S.; Bible, M.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , which includes innovative dual-duct Variable Air Volume (VAV) systems for cooling and pre-treated ventilation air delivery integrated with occupancy sensors and digital controls, and optimized HVAC controls for dynamic balancing of air and hydronic sides...

  4. Innovative Rates Program. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1982-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Title II of the Energy Conservation and Production Act (ECPA) as amended by the Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act (PURPA) provided financial assistance to state utility regulatory commissions, nonregulated electric utilities, and the Tennessee Valley Authority through the Innovative Rates Program. The financial assistance was to be used to plan or carry out electric utility regulatory rate reform initiatives relating to innovative rate structures that encourage conservation of energy, electric utility efficiency and reduced costs, and equitable rates to consumers. The Federal and local objectives of the project are described. Activities planned and accomplishments are summarized for the following: project management, data collection, utility bill evaluation, billing enclosure/mailing evaluation, media program evaluation, display evaluation, rate study sessions evaluation, speakers bureau evaluation, and individual customer contacts. A timetable/milestone chart and financial information are included. (MHR)

  5. Innovative financing survey: Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garrison, R.L.

    1986-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

    This report represents the current knowledge and utilization of Innovative Financing techniques of Weatherization Assistance Program (WAP) subgrantees, a sample of Institutional Conservation Program (ICP) grantees, Public Service Commissions (PSC) and selected utilities broadly distributed in the country. The survey inquired essentially about their organizational use and familiarity with the following innovative financing methods: Direct Loan, Loan Interest Reduction, Lease, Lease Purchase, Shared Savings, Energy Service Contracts, Conservation Incentives and Guaranteed Cash Flow. Whatever their characteristics, urban or rural, schools or hospitals, gas and electric utilities of differing ownership types, large or small states, respondents indicated a marginal awareness and utilization of the eight major financing methods. Even though their awareness and use is uneven with respect to their characteristics, certain trends emerge which display an overall lack of application of most of these financing techniques to enhance the program use of grant funds.

  6. Use-driven concept formation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roberts, Jennifer M. (Jennifer Marie)

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    When faced with a complex task, humans often identify domain-specific concepts that make the task more tractable. In this thesis, I investigate the formation of domain-specific concepts of this sort. I propose a set of ...

  7. Securities trading of concepts (STOC)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dahan, Ely

    Identifying winning new product concepts can be a challenging process that requires insight into private consumer preferences. To measure consumer preferences for new product concepts, the authors apply a “securities trading ...

  8. Silver Peak Innovative Exploration Project

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE Geothermal Peer Review 2010 - Presentation. Project objectives: Reduce the high level of risk during the early stages of geothermal project development by conducting a multi-faceted and innovative exploration and drilling program at Silver Peak. Determine the combination of techniques that are most useful and cost-effective in identifying the geothermal resource through a detailed, post-project evaluation of the exploration and drilling program.

  9. Innovative Utility Pricing for Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ross, J. A.

    tariffs can re a market for power during the time when it has sult in benefits to industry, to the electric abundant capacity available. From the other rate utility, and to other ratepayers on the electric payers' perspective, there will be a continued...INNOVATIVE UTILITY PRICING FOR INDUSTRY James A. Ross Drazen-Brubaker &Associates, Inc. St. Louis, Missouri ABSTRACT The electric utility industry represents only one source of power available to industry. Al though the monopolistic...

  10. Nanostructured Photovoltaics: - Energy Innovation Portal

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's Possible for Renewable Energy: GridTruckNanostructued Glass-CeramicInnovationSolar Photovoltaic

  11. CONCEPT computer code

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Delene, J.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    CONCEPT is a computer code that will provide conceptual capital investment cost estimates for nuclear and coal-fired power plants. The code can develop an estimate for construction at any point in time. Any unit size within the range of about 400 to 1300 MW electric may be selected. Any of 23 reference site locations across the United States and Canada may be selected. PWR, BWR, and coal-fired plants burning high-sulfur and low-sulfur coal can be estimated. Multiple-unit plants can be estimated. Costs due to escalation/inflation and interest during construction are calculated.

  12. Commercializing government-sponsored innovations: Twelve successful buildings case studies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, M.A.; Berry, L.G.; Goel, R.K.

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report examines the commercialization and use of R and D results funded by DOE's Office of Buildings and Community Systems (OBCS), an office that is dedicated to improving the energy efficiency of the nation's buildings. Three goals guided the research described in this report: to improve understanding of the factors that hinder or facilitate the transfer of OBCS R and D results, to determine which technology transfer strategies are most effective and under what circumstances each is appropriate, and to document the market penetration and energy savings achieved by successfully-commercialized innovations that have received OBCS support. Twelve successfully-commercialized innovations are discussed here. The methodology employed involved a review of the literature, interviews with innovation program managers and industry personnel, and data collection from secondary sources. Six generic technology transfer strategies are also described. Of these, contracting R and D to industrial partners is found to be the most commonly used strategy in our case studies. The market penetration achieved to date by the innovations studied ranges from less than 1% to 100%. For the three innovations with the highest predicted levels of energy savings (i.e., the flame retention head oil burner, low-E windows, and solid-state ballasts), combined cumulative savings by the year 2000 are likely to approach 2 quads. To date the energy savings for these three innovations have been about 0.2 quads. Our case studies illustrate the important role federal agencies can play in commercializing new technologies. 27 refs., 21 figs., 4 tabs.

  13. American business cycles and innovation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hood, Michael

    2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    to the concept of "collective invention" (2003). Robert C. Allen first used this phrase to describe "the free exchange of information about new techniques and plant designs among firms in an industry" (Meyer, 2003). Lucien P. Hughes, research director...

  14. Fostering continuous innovation in design with an integrated knowledge management approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, J; Caillaud, Emmanuel; Gardoni, Mickaël; 10.1016/j.compind.2010.12.005

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the global competition, companies are propelled by an immense pressure to innovate. The trend to produce more new knowledge-intensive products or services and the rapid progress of information technologies arouse huge interest on knowledge management for innovation. However the strategy of knowledge management is not widely adopted for innovation in industries due to a lack of an effective approach of their integration. This study aims to help the designers to innovate more efficiently based on an integrated approach of knowledge management. Based on this integrated approach, a prototype of distributed knowledge management system for innovation is developed. An industrial application is presented and its initial results indicate the applicability of the approach and the prototype in practice.

  15. Innovation investment area: Technology summary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The mission of Environmental Management`s (EM) Office of Technology Development (OTD) Innovation Investment Area is to identify and provide development support for two types of technologies that are developed to characterize, treat and dispose of DOE waste, and to remediate contaminated sites. They are: technologies that show promise to address specific EM needs, but require proof-of-principle experimentation; and (2) already proven technologies in other fields that require critical path experimentation to demonstrate feasibility for adaptation to specific EM needs. The underlying strategy is to ensure that private industry, other Federal Agencies, universities, and DOE National Laboratories are major participants in developing and deploying new and emerging technologies. To this end, about 125 different new and emerging technologies are being developed through Innovation Investment Area`s (IIA) two program elements: RDDT&E New Initiatives (RD01) and Interagency Agreements (RD02). Both of these activities are intended to foster research and development partnerships so as to introduce innovative technologies into other OTD program elements for expedited evaluation.

  16. Innovative technology summary report: in situ air stripping using horizontal wells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In situ air stripping (ISAS) technology was developed to remediate soils and ground water contaminated with volatile organic compounds (VOCs) both above and below the water table. ISAS employs horizontal wells to inject (sparge) air into the ground water and vacuum extract VOCs from vadose zone soils. The innovation is creation of a system that combines two somewhat innovative technologies, air sparging and horizontal wells, with a baseline technology, soil vapor extraction, to produce a more efficient in situ remediation system.

  17. Experimental Evaluation of Innovative Wall Daylighting Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Place, J. W.; Howard, T. C.; Paulos, S.; Chung, K.

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to deliver most of the light from the projecting mirror to the two inner spaces. One way of doing this without causing glare to the occupants is to project the light on the area of ceiling over the two spaces and allow the ceiling to serve aa a secondary.... Providing illumination in buildings using sunlight as a substitute for electric light is attractive for several reasons: 1. The solar illumination resource is substantial; during most working hours, the solar illumination on a building is several times...

  18. Innovations in high rate condensate polishing systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    O`Brien, M. [Graver Water Division, Union, NJ (United States)

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Test work is being conducted at two major east coast utilities to evaluate flow distribution in high flow rate condensate polishing service vessels. The work includes core sample data used to map the flow distribution in vessels as originally manufactured. Underdrain modifications for improved flow distribution are discussed with data that indicates performance increases of the service vessel following the modifications. The test work is on going, with preliminary data indicating that significant improvements in cycle run length are possible with underdrain modifications. The economic benefits of the above modifications are discussed.

  19. Wall System Innovations: Familiar Materials, Better Performance |

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group currentBradley Nickell Director ofDepartment of Energy This

  20. NREL: Innovation Impact - Energy Systems Integration

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)Integrated CodesTransparency Visit |Infrastructure The foundationBioenergy Menu

  1. Tropexx - Blending System - Energy Innovation Portal

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron Spin Transition in2,EHSS A-Z SiteManhattan ProjectMay 29,

  2. IGUS Innovative Technische Systeme | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2,AUDIT REPORTEnergyFarms AHefeiHydroenergy Company Ltd Jump to:

  3. Vehicle Cooling Systems - Energy Innovation Portal

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron SpinPrincetonUsing Maps1 - USAF Wind Power ProgramDeslippe,N A

  4. Extrans - Permeation Measurement System - Energy Innovation Portal

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power AdministrationField8,Dist. Category UC-l 1,EnergyExploringGamma-ray Attenuation up to

  5. Innovative Energy Systems | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdfGetecGtel JumpCounty,Jump7Open EnergyHydrogenEnergyAgencyInnova

  6. Innovative Power Systems | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdfGetecGtel JumpCounty,Jump7Open

  7. Blast Effects Suppression System - Energy Innovation Portal

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office511041clothAdvanced Materials Advanced Materials Find FindRewind Generator Rewind Denison PowerhouseBlast

  8. Aerosol Remote Sealing System - Energy Innovation Portal

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office511041cloth DocumentationProducts (VAP) VAP7-0973 1BP-14Scripting forForcing During Spring-SummerAerosol

  9. Geospatial Decision Making System - Energy Innovation Portal

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power AdministrationField8,Dist.Newof EnergyFundingGeneGenomeGeoffreyGeorge

  10. 1 Validation of the CERTS Microgrid Concept

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Microgrid Testbed; David K. Nichols; John Stevens; Robert H. Lasseter; Joseph H. Eto; Harry T. Vollkommer; Islanding Microgrid Microturbine

    Abstract—The development of test plans to validate the CERTS Microgrid concept is discussed, including the status of a testbed. Increased application of Distributed Energy Resources on the Distribution system has the potential to improve performance, lower operational costs and create value

  11. City of Tallahassee Innovative Energy Initiatives

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wilder, Todd; Moragne, Corliss L.

    2014-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

    The City of Tallahassee's Innovative Energy Initiatives program sought, first, to evaluate customer response and acceptance to in-home Smart Meter-enabled technologies that allow customers intelligent control of their energy usage. Additionally, this project is in furtherance of the City of Tallahassee's ongoing efforts to expand and enhance the City's Smart Grid capacity and give consumers more tools with which to effectively manage their energy consumption. This enhancement would become possible by establishing an "operations or command center" environment that would be designed as a dual use facility for the City's employees - field and network staff - and systems responsible for a Smart Grid network. A command center would also support the City's Office of Electric Delivery and Energy Reliability's objective to overcome barriers to the deployment of new technologies that will ensure a truly modern and robust grid capable of meeting the demands of the 2151 century.

  12. Concept of Operations for Data Fusion Visualization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    T.R. McJunkin; R.L. Boring; M.A. McQueen; L.P. Shunn; J.L. Wright; D.I. Gertman; O. Linda; K. McCarty; M. Manic

    2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Situational awareness in the operations and supervision of a industrial system means that decision making entity, whether machine or human, have the important data presented in a timely manner. An optimal presentation of information such that the operator has the best opportunity accurately interpret and react to anomalies due to system degradation, failures or adversaries. Anticipated problems are a matter for system design; however, the paper will focus on concepts for situational awareness enhancement for a human operator when the unanticipated or unaddressed event types occur. Methodology for human machine interface development and refinement strategy is described for a synthetic fuels plant model. A novel concept for adaptively highlighting the most interesting information in the system and a plan for testing the methodology is described.

  13. Innovate in China, Innovate for China | GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC) EnvironmentalGyroSolé(tm)HydrogenRFPTri-PartyFor manyInhibitingInnovate in China,

  14. Innovative conservation housing. Final progress report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nuttle, D.A.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A new passive solar thermal storage brick was developed and tested. A new insulating curtain concept was developed to assist in passive solar heating and cooling. A steel truss was designed to replace the wood truss in solar attic applications where the wood truss typically suffers some 50% loss of structural strength. Improvements were made of the dry composting toilet and grey water recycling for homes. An algae cultivation system was created for production of food, feed, fertilizer, or biomass as needed for home, farm, or industry. New concepts were explored in the areas of economy shelter, solar hot water heating, home generation of electricity, edible landscapes and other home food production, growing of fiber crops for cottage industry, storage, insulation, solar cooking, and solar refrigeration. (LEW)

  15. FY10 Engineering Innovations, Research and Technology Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lane, M A; Aceves, S M; Paulson, C N; Candy, J V; Bennett, C V; Carlisle, K; Chen, D C; White, D A; Bernier, J V; Puso, M A; Weisgraber, T H; Corey, B; Lin, J I; Wheeler, E K; Conway, A M; Kuntz, J D; Spadaccini, C M; Dehlinger, D A; Kotovsky, J; Nikolic, R; Mariella, R P; Foudray, A K; Tang, V; Guidry, B L; Ng, B M; Lemmond, T D; Chen, B Y; Meyers, C A; Houck, T L

    2011-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes key research, development, and technology advancements in Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory's Engineering Directorate for FY2010. These efforts exemplify Engineering's nearly 60-year history of developing and applying the technology innovations needed for the Laboratory's national security missions, and embody Engineering's mission to ''Enable program success today and ensure the Laboratory's vitality tomorrow.'' Leading off the report is a section featuring compelling engineering innovations. These innovations range from advanced hydrogen storage that enables clean vehicles, to new nuclear material detection technologies, to a landmine detection system using ultra-wideband ground-penetrating radar. Many have been recognized with R&D Magazine's prestigious R&D 100 Award; all are examples of the forward-looking application of innovative engineering to pressing national problems and challenging customer requirements. Engineering's capability development strategy includes both fundamental research and technology development. Engineering research creates the competencies of the future where discovery-class groundwork is required. Our technology development (or reduction to practice) efforts enable many of the research breakthroughs across the Laboratory to translate from the world of basic research to the national security missions of the Laboratory. This portfolio approach produces new and advanced technological capabilities, and is a unique component of the value proposition of the Lawrence Livermore Laboratory. The balance of the report highlights this work in research and technology, organized into thematic technical areas: Computational Engineering; Micro/Nano-Devices and Structures; Measurement Technologies; Engineering Systems for Knowledge Discovery; and Energy Manipulation. Our investments in these areas serve not only known programmatic requirements of today and tomorrow, but also anticipate the breakthrough engineering innovations that will be needed in the future.

  16. Integrated international safeguards concepts for fuel reprocessing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hakkila, E.A.; Gutmacher, R.G.; Markin, J.T.; Shipley, J.P.; Whitty, W.J.; Camp, A.L.; Cameron, C.P.; Bleck, M.E.; Ellwein, L.B.

    1981-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report is the fourth in a series of efforts by the Los Alamos National Laboratory and Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, to identify problems and propose solutions for international safeguarding of light-water reactor spent-fuel reprocessing plants. Problem areas for international safeguards were identified in a previous Problem Statement (LA-7551-MS/SAND79-0108). Accounting concepts that could be verified internationally were presented in a subsequent study (LA-8042). Concepts for containment/surveillance were presented, conceptual designs were developed, and the effectiveness of these designs was evaluated in a companion study (SAND80-0160). The report discusses the coordination of nuclear materials accounting and containment/surveillance concepts in an effort to define an effective integrated safeguards system. The Allied-General Nuclear Services fuels reprocessing plant at Barnwell, South Carolina, was used as the reference facility.

  17. A Natural Experiment on Innovation Without Patents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torrance, Andrew W.

    2015-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

    experiment to take place in which innovation may operate without interference from new patent rights. Far from a desire to foster user and open innovation in human-related biotechnology, the primary rationale for this amendment to the Patent Act was strong... repugnance to biological research leading to, and the possibility of resultant ownership interests in, inventions involving human beings. Rather, it is incidental that this natural experiment may provide valuable insight into how patents affect innovation...

  18. Accelerating digital health innovation : analyzing opportunities in the healthcare innovation ecosystem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, Elliot, M.B.A. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    There has recently been a dramatic increase in demand for healthcare innovation. In this thesis we present a framework for analyzing a digital health innovation ecosystem in the US. Our framework consists of four key ...

  19. Process Innovation by working miners : a case of user innovation in copper mining industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burdiles Orellana, Sergio

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Employees are known to develop and use key process improvements. In this thesis, I explore innovation by mining employees working in Codelco, a Chilean mining company. The data on these innovations come from a contest ...

  20. Innovative Liquid Breeder Blanket Design Activities in Japan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sagara, Akio [National Institute for Fusion Science (Japan); Tanaka, Teruya [National Institute for Fusion Science (Japan); Muroga, Takeo [National Institute for Fusion Science (Japan); Hashizume, Hidetoshi [Tohoku University (Japan); Kunugi, Tomoaki [Kyoto University (Japan); Fukada, Satoshi [Kyushu University (Japan); Shimizu, Akihiko [Kyushu University (Japan)

    2005-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In order to clarify key engineering issues and to enhance key R and D activities for D-T fusion blankets, many design activities on innovative liquid blanket systems are on going as collaboration studies in Japan. Recently an improved long-life Flibe blanket has been proposed, and the self-cooled Li/V blanket design has started. For Flibe systems, much progress has been made on tritium permeation barrier, energy conversion system, free surface designs, and thermofluid loop experiments. For Li/V systems, evaluation studies have proceeded on Be-free nuclear properties and allowable crack fraction on multilayered MHD insulation coatings.

  1. Live with the Energy Innovation Hub Directors

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Tune in today, Tuesday, March 6, 2012, at 2:15pm EST for a live discussion with our three Energy Innovation Hubs directors.

  2. Vapor Retarder Classification - Building America Top Innovation...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    the Top Innovation. See an example of vapor retarder best practices in action. Find other case studies of Building America projects across the country that utilizes vapor retarder...

  3. Innovative Manufacturing Initiative Recognition Day, Advanced...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Publications Innovative Manufacturing Initiative Recognition Day Advanced Manufacturing Office Overview Unlocking the Potential of Additive Manufacturing in the Fuel Cells Industry...

  4. Scientific Innovation Through Integration Capabilities Series

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Innovation Through Integration Capabilities Series www.emsl.pnnl.gov EMSL offers technologically sophisticated microscopy instruments capable of imaging a variety of sample types...

  5. Manufacturing serendipity: Chicago Innovation Exchange enhancing...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Social Media Photos Videos Fact Sheets, Brochures and Reports Summer Science Writing Internship John Flavin, Executive Director of the Chicago Innovation Exchange, started a small...

  6. Innovative Mercury Treatment Benefits Stream, Fish | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Mercury Treatment Benefits Stream, Fish Innovative Mercury Treatment Benefits Stream, Fish October 1, 2012 - 12:00pm Addthis Oak Ridge scientists Kelly Roy, left, and Trent Jett...

  7. Detachment Faulting and Geothermal Resources - An Innovative...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Resources - An Innovative Integrated Geological and Geophysical Investigation in Fish Lake Valley, Nevada Geothermal Project Jump to: navigation, search Last modified on...

  8. Sandia National Laboratories: Advanced Manufacturing Innovation...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Innovation Initiative Sandia Participated in AMII to Support American-Made Wind-Turbine Blades On December 3, 2014, in Computational Modeling & Simulation, Energy, Materials...

  9. CHEVROLET | ELECTRIC | GREEN | SPARK EV | TECHNOLOGY. INNOVATION...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    CHEVROLET | ELECTRIC | GREEN | SPARK EV | TECHNOLOGY. INNOVATION & SOLUTIONS | GREENER VEHICLES Home There are currently no posts in this category. Syndicate content...

  10. Innovation Impact: Breakthrough Research Results (Brochure)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Innovation Impact brochure captures key breakthrough results across NREL's primary areas of renewable energy and energy efficiency research: solar, wind, bioenergy, transportation, buildings, analysis, and manufacturing technologies.

  11. Webinar: Leadership Recognition with Housing Innovation Awards

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Title: Leadership Recognition with Housing Innovation Awards             Date: Wednesday, May 21, 2014Time: 12:00PM - 1:00 PM EST

  12. Efficiency Exchange Conference Highlights Energy Efficiency Innovation...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Efficiency Exchange Conference Highlights Energy Efficiency Innovations and Trends Northwest electric power industry connects on the latest energy efficiency programs and...

  13. Innovative Drivetrains in Electric Automotive Technology Education...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Merit Review 2014: Innovative Drivetrains in Electric Automotive Technology Education (IDEATE) Center for Electric Drive Transportation at the University of Michigan - Dearborn...

  14. Validation of Innovative Exploration Technologies for Newberry...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Validation of Innovative Exploration Technologies for Newberry Volcano Geothermal Project Jump to: navigation, search Last modified on July 22, 2011. Project Title Validation of...

  15. Efficiency Exchange highlights energy efficiency innovations...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Efficiency Exchange highlights energy efficiency innovations and trends Northwest electric power industry connects on the latest energy efficiency programs and strategies Portland,...

  16. Energy Innovation Center | Argonne National Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    construction of the Energy Innovation Center. The building is being designed to meet U.S. Green Building Council Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) Gold...

  17. Grand Challenge Portfolio: Driving Innovations in Industrial...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    9 Grand Challenge Portfolio: Driving Innovations in Industrial Energy Efficiency, January 2011 - pg 9 grandchallengesportfoliopg9.pdf More Documents & Publications Grand...

  18. Grand Challenge Portfolio: Driving Innovations in Industrial...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    6 Grand Challenge Portfolio: Driving Innovations in Industrial Energy Efficiency, January 2011 - pg 6 grandchallengesportfoliopg6.pdf More Documents & Publications Grand...

  19. Grand Challenge Portfolio: Driving Innovations in Industrial...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    8 Grand Challenge Portfolio: Driving Innovations in Industrial Energy Efficiency, January 2011 - pg 8 grandchallengesportfoliopg8.pdf More Documents & Publications Grand...

  20. Screening method for wind energy conversion systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McConnell, R.D.

    1980-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A screening method is presented for evaluating wind energy conversion systems (WECS) logically and consistently. It is a set of procedures supported by a data base for large conventional WECS. The procedures are flexible enough to accommodate concepts lacking cost and engineering detail, as is the case with many innovative wind energy conversion systems (IWECS). The method uses both value indicators and simplified cost estimating procedures. Value indicators are selected ratios of engineering parameters involving energy, mass, area, and power. Cost mass ratios and cost estimating relationships were determined from the conventional WECS data base to estimate or verify installation cost estimates for IWECS. These value indicators and cost estimating procedures are shown for conventional WECS. An application of the method to a tracked-vehicle airfoil concept is presented.

  1. Electrolysis - Hydrogen - Energy Innovation Portal

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power AdministrationField Campaign:INEAWater UseC Supports - Energy InnovationVehicles and Fuels

  2. Moisture Barrier - Energy Innovation Portal

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHighandSWPA / SPRA /Ml'. WilliamEnergy Innovation PortalNEPTUNESolar

  3. Manufacturing Innovation in the DOE

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreaking ofOil & Gas »ofMarketingSmartManufacturing Innovation in the DOE

  4. Innovative Topics for Advanced Biofuels

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreaking of BlytheDepartment ofEnergy InformationSavings for AirlineInnovative

  5. Top Innovative Science of 2013

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del SolStrengthening a solidSynthesisAppliances » Top Innovative Science of 2013

  6. Top Ten Innovations of 2013

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del SolStrengthening a solidSynthesisAppliances » Top Innovative Science of 2013

  7. Energy Innovations | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualPropertyd8c-a9ae-f8521cbb8489 No revision|LLC Place: Ketchum,SPARQL SPARQL OpenEI'sInnovations

  8. Sandia National Laboratories: Energy Storage Systems

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in Center for Infrastructure Research and Innovation (CIRI), Energy, Energy Assurance, Energy Storage, Energy Storage Systems, Facilities, Infrastructure Security, Materials...

  9. Innovation

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed off Energy.gov.Energy02.pdf7 OPAM

  10. Tokamak power systems studies, FY 1985

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baker, C.C.; Brooks, J.N.; Ehst, D.A.; Smith, D.L.; Sze, D.K.

    1985-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Tokamak Power System Studies (TPSS) at ANL in FY-1985 were devoted to exploring innovative design concepts which have the potential for making substantial improvements in the tokamak as a commercial power reactor. Major objectives of this work included improved reactor economics, improved environmental and safety features, and the exploration of a wide range of reactor plant outputs with emphasis on reduced plant sizes compared to STARFIRE. The activities concentrated on three areas: plasma engineering, impurity control, and blanket/first wall/shield technology. 205 refs., 125 figs., 107 tabs.

  11. Protective, Modular Wave Power Generation System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vvedensky, Jane M.; Park, Robert Y.

    2012-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

    The concept of small wave energy conversion modules that can be built into large, scalable arrays, in the same vein as solar panels, has been developed. This innovation lends itself to an organic business and development model, and enables the use of large-run manufacturing technology to reduce system costs. The first prototype module has been built to full-scale, and tested in a laboratory wave channel. The device has been shown to generate electricity and dissipate wave energy. Improvements need to be made to the electrical generator and a demonstration of an array of modules should be made in natural conditions.

  12. 24 BONEZone Spring 2007 Innovation enables organizations to effectively compete

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kusiak, Andrew

    . Some use the terms "technology-based innovation" or "technological innovation" to emphasize the role of technology. Innovation Level The level of innovation varies from incremental to radical. Incremental24 BONEZone · Spring 2007 Innovation enables organizations to effectively compete (Christensen 1997

  13. Innovation Project Development Jan 2013 1 Attributes of an Innovation Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertini, Robert L.

    Innovation Project Development Jan 2013 1 Attributes of an Innovation Project Good projects the idea to act on the problem or opportunity To achieve the goals of the project, the team must, computers, materials and instrumentation. The cash award from the Innovation Council is most often used

  14. Advanced concepts for controlling energy surety microgrids.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Menicucci, David F.; Ortiz-Moyet, Juan

    2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Today, researchers, engineers, and policy makers are seeking ways to meet the world's growing demand for energy while addressing critical issues such as energy security, reliability, and sustainability. Many believe that distributed generators operating within a microgrid have the potential to address most of these issues. Sandia National Laboratories has developed a concept called energy surety in which five of these 'surety elements' are simultaneously considered: energy security, reliability, sustainability, safety, and cost-effectiveness. The surety methodology leads to a new microgrid design that we call an energy surety microgrid (ESM). This paper discusses the unique control requirement needed to produce a microgrid system that has high levels of surety, describes the control system from the most fundamental level through a real-world example, and discusses our ideas and concepts for a complete system.

  15. DDD: A New Ensemble Approach For Dealing With Concept Drift

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yao, Xin

    security, intelligent user interfaces, market-basket analysis, information filtering and predic- tion may change with time (concept drift). For example, in an information filtering system, the users may of the problem [7], [8]. Even though there are some ensemble approaches designed to handle concept drift, only

  16. Integration of Distributed Energy The CERTS MicroGrid Concept

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Resources The MicroGrid Concept Appendices Prepared for Transmission Reliability Program Office of PowerIntegration of Distributed Energy Resources The CERTS MicroGrid Concept CALIFORNIA ENERGY;Preface The U.S. Electricity Grid Today The U.S. electric power system is in the midst of a fundamental

  17. A corrosion control concept by scale engineering: a novel green inhibitor applied for high temperature and pressure aqueous supercritical CO2 systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jiabin, Han [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Carey, James W [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Zhang, Jinsuo [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2011-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Traditional corrosion inhibitors are bio-toxic chemicals with organic components that bond to the fresh metal surface and thus isolate them from corrosive environments. The shortcoming of these inhibitors is that they are less effective in high-temperature and high-pressure environments, and where corrosion scale is formed or particulates are deposited. In this paper, we describe a novel green inorganic inhibitor made of environmentally friendly and cost-effective geo-material that was developed for high-temperature and high-pressure environments, particularly under scale-forming conditions. It inhibits corrosion by enhancing the protectiveness of corrosion scale. In contrast to traditional corrosion inhibitors which are efficient for bare surface corrosion but not effective with scale, the novel inhibitor has no effect on bare surface corrosion but greatly improves corrosion inhibition under scale-formation conditions. This is because a homogeneous scale doped with inhibitor component forms. This enhanced corrosion scale demonstrated excellent protection against corrosion. In high-pressure CO{sub 2} systems (pCO{sub 2}=10 Mpa, T=50 C and [NaCl]=1 wt%) without inhibitor, the bare-surface corrosion rate decreases from ca. 10 mm/y to 0.3 mm/year due to formation of scale. Application of a six hundred ppm solution ofthe new inorganic inhibitor reduced the corrosion rate to 0.01 mm/year, an additional factor of 30. The current inhibitor product was designed for application to CO{sub 2} systems that form corrosion scale, including but not limited to oil and gas wells, offshore production of oil and gas, CO{sub 2} sequestration and enhanced geothermal production involving CO{sub 2}.

  18. the 4th Power Electronics, Drive Systems & Technologies Conference, PEDSTC 2013 Simultaneous Sensing cum Actuating DC Motor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    in this field have led to innovations in medical equipment, wind generation, aircraft systems, and numerous

  19. Section 10: Risk Management Concepts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Dec 2, 2014 ... In this lesson we will discuss some concepts from risk management and insurance. We will go over the basic definitions and discuss some ...

  20. Smart Home Concepts: Current Trends

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Venkatesh, Alladi

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Smart Home Concepts: Current Trends Alladi Venkatesh Ph.D.developments concerning smart home technologies and theirNews (Southern Report): Smart homes and high-tech clothing