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Sample records for infrastructure protection cyber

  1. Guide to Critical Infrastructure Protection Cyber Vulnerability...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Infrastructure Protection Cyber Vulnerability Assessment More Documents & Publications Wireless System Considerations When Implementing NERC Critical Infrastructure Protection...

  2. Cyber Threats to Nuclear Infrastructures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Robert S. Anderson; Paul Moskowitz; Mark Schanfein; Trond Bjornard; Curtis St. Michel

    2010-07-01

    Nuclear facility personnel expend considerable efforts to ensure that their facilities can maintain continuity of operations against both natural and man-made threats. Historically, most attention has been placed on physical security. Recently however, the threat of cyber-related attacks has become a recognized and growing world-wide concern. Much attention has focused on the vulnerability of the electric grid and chemical industries to cyber attacks, in part, because of their use of Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) systems. Lessons learned from work in these sectors indicate that the cyber threat may extend to other critical infrastructures including sites where nuclear and radiological materials are now stored. In this context, this white paper presents a hypothetical scenario by which a determined adversary launches a cyber attack that compromises the physical protection system and results in a reduced security posture at such a site. The compromised security posture might then be malevolently exploited in a variety of ways. The authors conclude that the cyber threat should be carefully considered for all nuclear infrastructures.

  3. Cyber and physical infrastructure interdependencies.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Phillips, Laurence R.; Kelic, Andjelka; Warren, Drake E.

    2008-09-01

    The goal of the work discussed in this document is to understand the risk to the nation of cyber attacks on critical infrastructures. The large body of research results on cyber attacks against physical infrastructure vulnerabilities has not resulted in clear understanding of the cascading effects a cyber-caused disruption can have on critical national infrastructures and the ability of these affected infrastructures to deliver services. This document discusses current research and methodologies aimed at assessing the translation of a cyber-based effect into a physical disruption of infrastructure and thence into quantification of the economic consequences of the resultant disruption and damage. The document discusses the deficiencies of the existing methods in correlating cyber attacks with physical consequences. The document then outlines a research plan to correct those deficiencies. When completed, the research plan will result in a fully supported methodology to quantify the economic consequences of events that begin with cyber effects, cascade into other physical infrastructure impacts, and result in degradation of the critical infrastructure's ability to deliver services and products. This methodology enables quantification of the risks to national critical infrastructure of cyber threats. The work addresses the electric power sector as an example of how the methodology can be applied.

  4. Critical Infrastructure and Cyber Security 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doll, Abby; Pirrong, Renee; Jennings, Matthew; Stasny, George; Giblin, Andy; Shaffer, Steph; Anderson, Aimee

    2011-01-01

    cyber security. They designated responsibility for cyber-security to the newly formed Department of Homeland Security, a duty that has continued to today 3. The group was tasked with creating a method of protecting the critical components.... 2010. 15 Mar. 2011. http://www.d tic.mil/doctrine/new_pubs/jp1_02.pdf 10 Comments on the Economic and Security Implications Of Recent Developments in the World Oil Market , 107th Cong. (2000) (testimony of Robert E. Ebel). http...

  5. Proceedings Second Annual Cyber Security and Information Infrastructure Research Workshop

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sheldon, Frederick T; Krings, Axel; Yoo, Seong-Moo; Mili, Ali; Trien, Joseph P

    2006-01-01

    The workshop theme is Cyber Security: Beyond the Maginot Line Recently the FBI reported that computer crime has skyrocketed costing over $67 billion in 2005 alone and affecting 2.8M+ businesses and organizations. Attack sophistication is unprecedented along with availability of open source concomitant tools. Private, academic, and public sectors invest significant resources in cyber security. Industry primarily performs cyber security research as an investment in future products and services. While the public sector also funds cyber security R&D, the majority of this activity focuses on the specific mission(s) of the funding agency. Thus, broad areas of cyber security remain neglected or underdeveloped. Consequently, this workshop endeavors to explore issues involving cyber security and related technologies toward strengthening such areas and enabling the development of new tools and methods for securing our information infrastructure critical assets. We aim to assemble new ideas and proposals about robust models on which we can build the architecture of a secure cyberspace including but not limited to: * Knowledge discovery and management * Critical infrastructure protection * De-obfuscating tools for the validation and verification of tamper-proofed software * Computer network defense technologies * Scalable information assurance strategies * Assessment-driven design for trust * Security metrics and testing methodologies * Validation of security and survivability properties * Threat assessment and risk analysis * Early accurate detection of the insider threat * Security hardened sensor networks and ubiquitous computing environments * Mobile software authentication protocols * A new "model" of the threat to replace the "Maginot Line" model and more . . .

  6. Risk assessment for physical and cyber attacks on critical infrastructures.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, Bryan J.; Sholander, Peter E.; Phelan, James M.; Wyss, Gregory Dane; Varnado, G. Bruce; Depoy, Jennifer Mae

    2005-08-01

    Assessing the risk of malevolent attacks against large-scale critical infrastructures requires modifications to existing methodologies. Existing risk assessment methodologies consider physical security and cyber security separately. As such, they do not accurately model attacks that involve defeating both physical protection and cyber protection elements (e.g., hackers turning off alarm systems prior to forced entry). This paper presents a risk assessment methodology that accounts for both physical and cyber security. It also preserves the traditional security paradigm of detect, delay and respond, while accounting for the possibility that a facility may be able to recover from or mitigate the results of a successful attack before serious consequences occur. The methodology provides a means for ranking those assets most at risk from malevolent attacks. Because the methodology is automated the analyst can also play 'what if with mitigation measures to gain a better understanding of how to best expend resources towards securing the facilities. It is simple enough to be applied to large infrastructure facilities without developing highly complicated models. Finally, it is applicable to facilities with extensive security as well as those that are less well-protected.

  7. Overview of a cyber-enabled wireless monitoring system for the protection and management of critical infrastructure systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kamat, Vineet R.

    sensing of specific damage events common to civil structures such as cracking and corrosion. Data from infrastructure such as bridges, roadways, and water pipelines, are critical to providing mobility, clean water

  8. CyberNET is a research infrastructure that enables cybersecurity scientists and engineers to rigorously develop,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Objective CyberNET is a research infrastructure that enables cybersecurity scientists and engineers a three-pronged approach to solving the identified problems. First, the CyberNET research infrastructure interactions. #12;September 2014 PNNL-SA-105343 Achievements · Stood up the CyberNET research infrastructure

  9. National Infrastructure Protection Plan

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i nAand DOEDepartment ofProgram |(Upstate New York) |Infrastructure Protection

  10. Sandia Energy - Cyber Security for Electric Infrastructure

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation of Fe(II) byMultidayAlumniProjectsCyber Engineering Research Laboratory

  11. CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE PROTECTION Multiple Efforts to Secure...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE PROTECTION Multiple Efforts to Secure Control Systems Are Under Way, but Challenges Remain CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE PROTECTION Multiple Efforts to Secure...

  12. Voluntary Protection Program Onsite Review, Infrastructure Support...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    2013 Voluntary Protection Program Onsite Review, Infrastructure Support Contract Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant - May 2013 May 2013 Evaluation to determine whether Infrastructure...

  13. Cyber-Physical Correlations for Infrastructure Resilience: A Game-Theoretic Approach

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rao, Nageswara S [ORNL; He, Fei [University of Buffalo, The State University of New York; Ma, Chris Y. T. [Purdue University; Yao, David K. Y. [Purdue University; Zhuang, Jun [University of Buffalo, The State University of New York

    2014-01-01

    In several critical infrastructures, the cyber and physical parts are correlated so that disruptions to one affect the other and hence the whole system. These correlations may be exploited to strategically launch components attacks, and hence must be accounted for ensuring the infrastructure resilience, specified by its survival probability. We characterize the cyber-physical interactions at two levels: (i) the failure correlation function specifies the conditional survival probability of cyber sub-infrastructure given the physical sub-infrastructure as a function of their marginal probabilities, and (ii) the individual survival probabilities of both sub-infrastructures are characterized by first-order differential conditions. We formulate a resilience problem for infrastructures composed of discrete components as a game between the provider and attacker, wherein their utility functions consist of an infrastructure survival probability term and a cost term expressed in terms of the number of components attacked and reinforced. We derive Nash Equilibrium conditions and sensitivity functions that highlight the dependence of infrastructure resilience on the cost term, correlation function and sub-infrastructure survival probabilities. These results generalize earlier ones based on linear failure correlation functions and independent component failures. We apply the results to models of cloud computing infrastructures and energy grids.

  14. Real-Time SCADA Cyber Protection Using Compression Techniques

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lyle G. Roybal; Gordon H Rueff

    2013-11-01

    The Department of Energy’s Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (DOE-OE) has a critical mission to secure the energy infrastructure from cyber attack. Through DOE-OE’s Cybersecurity for Energy Delivery Systems (CEDS) program, the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) has developed a method to detect malicious traffic on Supervisory, Control, and Data Acquisition (SCADA) network using a data compression technique. SCADA network traffic is often repetitive with only minor differences between packets. Research performed at the INL showed that SCADA network traffic has traits desirable for using compression analysis to identify abnormal network traffic. An open source implementation of a Lempel-Ziv-Welch (LZW) lossless data compression algorithm was used to compress and analyze surrogate SCADA traffic. Infected SCADA traffic was found to have statistically significant differences in compression when compared against normal SCADA traffic at the packet level. The initial analyses and results are clearly able to identify malicious network traffic from normal traffic at the packet level with a very high confidence level across multiple ports and traffic streams. Statistical differentiation between infected and normal traffic level was possible using a modified data compression technique at the 99% probability level for all data analyzed. However, the conditions tested were rather limited in scope and need to be expanded into more realistic simulations of hacking events using techniques and approaches that are better representative of a real-world attack on a SCADA system. Nonetheless, the use of compression techniques to identify malicious traffic on SCADA networks in real time appears to have significant merit for infrastructure protection.

  15. Voluntary Protection Program Onsite Review, Infrastructure Support...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    2012 Voluntary Protection Program Onsite Review, Infrastructure Support Contract Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant - March 2012 March 2012 Evaluation to determine whether the...

  16. Towards Resilient Critical Infrastructures: Application of Type-2 Fuzzy Logic in Embedded Network Security Cyber Sensor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ondrej Linda; Todd Vollmer; Jim Alves-Foss; Milos Manic

    2011-08-01

    Resiliency and cyber security of modern critical infrastructures is becoming increasingly important with the growing number of threats in the cyber-environment. This paper proposes an extension to a previously developed fuzzy logic based anomaly detection network security cyber sensor via incorporating Type-2 Fuzzy Logic (T2 FL). In general, fuzzy logic provides a framework for system modeling in linguistic form capable of coping with imprecise and vague meanings of words. T2 FL is an extension of Type-1 FL which proved to be successful in modeling and minimizing the effects of various kinds of dynamic uncertainties. In this paper, T2 FL provides a basis for robust anomaly detection and cyber security state awareness. In addition, the proposed algorithm was specifically developed to comply with the constrained computational requirements of low-cost embedded network security cyber sensors. The performance of the system was evaluated on a set of network data recorded from an experimental cyber-security test-bed.

  17. Reducing Cyber Risk to Critical Infrastructure: NIST Framework...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Order (EO) 13636 "Improving Critical Infrastructure Cybersecurity" of February 2013 directed the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) to work with...

  18. Protecting Intelligent Distributed Power Grids against Cyber Attacks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dong Wei; Yan Lu; Mohsen Jafari; Paul Skare; Kenneth Rohde

    2010-12-31

    Like other industrial sectors, the electrical power industry is facing challenges involved with the increasing demand for interconnected operations and control. The electrical industry has largely been restructured due to deregulation of the electrical market and the trend of the Smart Grid. This moves new automation systems from being proprietary and closed to the current state of Information Technology (IT) being highly interconnected and open. However, while gaining all of the scale and performance benefits of IT, existing IT security challenges are acquired as well. The power grid automation network has inherent security risks due to the fact that the systems and applications for the power grid were not originally designed for the general IT environment. In this paper, we propose a conceptual layered framework for protecting power grid automation systems against cyber attacks. The following factors are taken into account: (1) integration with existing, legacy systems in a non-intrusive fashion; (2) desirable performance in terms of modularity, scalability, extendibility, and manageability; (3) alignment to the 'Roadmap to Secure Control Systems in the Energy Sector' and the future smart grid. The on-site system test of the developed prototype security system is briefly presented as well.

  19. Guide to Critical Infrastructure Protection Cyber Vulnerability Assessment

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergy A plug-inPPLforLDRD Report11, SolarMatFermi Nationalannual reports,This| Department

  20. Protection of Coastal Infrastructure under Rising Flood Risk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Protection of Coastal Infrastructure under Rising Flood Risk Megan J. Lickley, Ning Lin and Henry D://globalchange.mit.edu/ Printed on recycled paper #12;Protection of Coastal Infrastructure under Rising Flood Risk Megan J to an increasing risk of flooding. We study the combined impacts of anticipated sea level rise, hurricane activity

  1. A MULTI-DISCIPLINARY APPROACH TO PROTECTION OF INFRASTRUCTURE FROM SEISMIC ACTIONS QUEENSLAND UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -DISCIPLINARY APPROACH TO PROTECTION OF INFRASTRUCTURE FROM SEISMIC ACTIONS STRENGTH DEMAND EXCEEDS CODE COMPLIANT DESIGN TO PROTECTION OF INFRASTRUCTURE FROM SEISMIC ACTIONS CURRENT STRUCTURAL DESIGN PRACTICE · SEISMIC ENERGYA MULTI-DISCIPLINARY APPROACH TO PROTECTION OF INFRASTRUCTURE FROM SEISMIC ACTIONS QUEENSLAND

  2. Occupant Protection and Rescue using Automotive Cyber-Physical Costin D. Untaroiu*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rajkumar, Ragunathan "Raj"

    Occupant Protection and Rescue using Automotive Cyber-Physical Systems Costin D. Untaroiu* , Jeff R. Crandall Center for Applied Biomechanics, Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University) Background: The current trend in the automotive industry is the expanded use of embedded electronics

  3. Networks, deregulation, and risk : the politics of critical infrastructure protection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellis, Ryan Nelson

    2011-01-01

    Corporation. (NERC). Cyber Security. Multiple Vol. FERC.RM 06-22. -- -- --. ?Cyber Security: Standard CIP-002-1–CIP-Asked Questions (FAQs): Cyber Security Standards CIP–002–1

  4. Cyber Security Protection for Small Businesses | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels DataEnergy Webinar:IAbout Us » ContactCounty AimsCurrentCyber Security

  5. Smart Power Infrastructure Demonstration for Energy Reliability and Security (SPIDERS)Cyber Experimentation Overview Brief

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankADVANCED MANUFACTURINGEnergy BillsNo.Hydrogen4 »DigitalanDepartmentSecondarySmartCyber Experimentation

  6. Investigating the effectiveness of many-core network processors for high performance cyber protection systems. Part I, FY2011.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wheeler, Kyle Bruce; Naegle, John Hunt; Wright, Brian J.; Benner, Robert E., Jr.; Shelburg, Jeffrey Scott; Pearson, David Benjamin; Johnson, Joshua Alan; Onunkwo, Uzoma A.; Zage, David John; Patel, Jay S.

    2011-09-01

    This report documents our first year efforts to address the use of many-core processors for high performance cyber protection. As the demands grow for higher bandwidth (beyond 1 Gbits/sec) on network connections, the need to provide faster and more efficient solution to cyber security grows. Fortunately, in recent years, the development of many-core network processors have seen increased interest. Prior working experiences with many-core processors have led us to investigate its effectiveness for cyber protection tools, with particular emphasis on high performance firewalls. Although advanced algorithms for smarter cyber protection of high-speed network traffic are being developed, these advanced analysis techniques require significantly more computational capabilities than static techniques. Moreover, many locations where cyber protections are deployed have limited power, space and cooling resources. This makes the use of traditionally large computing systems impractical for the front-end systems that process large network streams; hence, the drive for this study which could potentially yield a highly reconfigurable and rapidly scalable solution.

  7. Protecting Accelerator Control Systems in the Face of Sophisticated Cyber Attacks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hartman, Steven M

    2012-01-01

    Cyber security for industrial control systems has received significant attention in the past two years. The news coverage of the Stuxnet attack, believed to be targeted at the control system for a uranium enrichment plant, brought the issue to the attention of news media and policy makers. This has led to increased scrutiny of control systems for critical infrastructure such as power generation and distribution, and industrial systems such as chemical plants and petroleum refineries. The past two years have also seen targeted network attacks aimed at corporate and government entities including US Department of Energy National Laboratories. Both of these developments have potential repercussions for the control systems of particle accelerators. The need to balance risks from potential attacks with the operational needs of an accelerator present a unique challenge for the system architecture and access model.

  8. Help for the Developers of Control System Cyber Security Standards

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Robert P. Evans

    2008-05-01

    A Catalog of Control Systems Security: Recommendations for Standards Developers (Catalog), aimed at assisting organizations to facilitate the development and implementation of control system cyber security standards, has been developed. This catalog contains requirements that can help protect control systems from cyber attacks and can be applied to the Critical Infrastructures and Key Resources of the United States and other nations. The requirements contained in the catalog are a compilation of practices or various industry bodies used to increase the security of control systems from both physical and cyber attacks. They should be viewed as a collection of recommendations to be considered and judiciously employed, as appropriate, when reviewing and developing cyber security standards for control systems. The recommendations in the Catalog are intended to be broad enough to provide any industry using control systems the flexibility needed to develop sound cyber security standards specific to their individual security requirements.

  9. Control Systems Security Center Comparison Study of Industrial Control System Standards against the Control Systems Protection Framework Cyber-Security Requirements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Robert P. Evans

    2005-09-01

    Cyber security standards, guidelines, and best practices for control systems are critical requirements that have been delineated and formally recognized by industry and government entities. Cyber security standards provide a common language within the industrial control system community, both national and international, to facilitate understanding of security awareness issues but, ultimately, they are intended to strengthen cyber security for control systems. This study and the preliminary findings outlined in this report are an initial attempt by the Control Systems Security Center (CSSC) Standard Awareness Team to better understand how existing and emerging industry standards, guidelines, and best practices address cyber security for industrial control systems. The Standard Awareness Team comprised subject matter experts in control systems and cyber security technologies and standards from several Department of Energy (DOE) National Laboratories, including Argonne National Laboratory, Idaho National Laboratory, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, and Sandia National Laboratories. This study was conducted in two parts: a standard identification effort and a comparison analysis effort. During the standard identification effort, the Standard Awareness Team conducted a comprehensive open-source survey of existing control systems security standards, regulations, and guidelines in several of the critical infrastructure (CI) sectors, including the telecommunication, water, chemical, energy (electric power, petroleum and oil, natural gas), and transportation--rail sectors and sub-sectors. During the comparison analysis effort, the team compared the requirements contained in selected, identified, industry standards with the cyber security requirements in ''Cyber Security Protection Framework'', Version 0.9 (hereafter referred to as the ''Framework''). For each of the seven sector/sub-sectors listed above, one standard was selected from the list of standards identified in the identification effort. The requirements in these seven standards were then compared against the requirements given in the Framework. This comparison identified gaps (requirements not covered) in both the individual industry standards and in the Framework. In addition to the sector-specific standards reviewed, the team compared the requirements in the cross-sector Instrumentation, Systems, and Automation Society (ISA) Technical Reports (TR) 99 -1 and -2 to the Framework requirements. The Framework defines a set of security classes separated into families as functional requirements for control system security. Each standard reviewed was compared to this template of requirements to determine if the standard requirements closely or partially matched these Framework requirements. An analysis of each class of requirements pertaining to each standard reviewed can be found in the comparison results section of this report. Refer to Appendix A, ''Synopsis of Comparison Results'', for a complete graphical representation of the study's findings at a glance. Some of the requirements listed in the Framework are covered by many of the standards, while other requirements are addressed by only a few of the standards. In some cases, the scope of the requirements listed in the standard for a particular industry greatly exceeds the requirements given in the Framework. These additional families of requirements, identified by the various standards bodies, could potentially be added to the Framework. These findings are, in part, due to the maturity both of the security standards themselves and of the different industries current focus on security. In addition, there are differences in how communication and control is used in different industries and the consequences of disruptions via security breaches to each particular industry that could affect how security requirements are prioritized. The differences in the requirements listed in the Framework and in the various industry standards are due, in part, to differences in the level and purpose of the standards. While the requir

  10. Cyber Security and Resilient Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Robert S. Anderson

    2009-07-01

    The Department of Energy (DOE) Idaho National Laboratory (INL) has become a center of excellence for critical infrastructure protection, particularly in the field of cyber security. It is one of only a few national laboratories that have enhanced the nation’s cyber security posture by performing industrial control system (ICS) vendor assessments as well as user on-site assessments. Not only are vulnerabilities discovered, but described actions for enhancing security are suggested – both on a system-specific basis and from a general perspective of identifying common weaknesses and their corresponding corrective actions. These cyber security programs have performed over 40 assessments to date which have led to more robust, secure, and resilient monitoring and control systems for the US electrical grid, oil and gas, chemical, transportation, and many other sectors. In addition to cyber assessments themselves, the INL has been engaged in outreach to the ICS community through vendor forums, technical conferences, vendor user groups, and other special engagements as requested. Training programs have been created to help educate all levels of management and worker alike with an emphasis towards real everyday cyber hacking methods and techniques including typical exploits that are used. The asset owner or end user has many products available for its use created from these programs. One outstanding product is the US Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Cyber Security Procurement Language for Control Systems document that provides insight to the user when specifying a new monitoring and control system, particularly concerning security requirements. Employing some of the top cyber researchers in the nation, the INL can leverage this talent towards many applications other than critical infrastructure. Monitoring and control systems are used throughout the world to perform simple tasks such as cooking in a microwave to complex ones such as the monitoring and control of the next generation fighter jets or nuclear material safeguards systems in complex nuclear fuel cycle facilities. It is the intent of this paper to describe the cyber security programs that are currently in place, the experiences and successes achieved in industry including outreach and training, and suggestions about how other sectors and organizations can leverage this national expertise to help their monitoring and control systems become more secure.

  11. Cyber-infrastructure to Support Science and Data Management for the Dark Energy Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. Ngeow; J. J. Mohr; T. Alam; W. A. Barkhouse; C. Beldica; D. Cai; G. Daues; R. Plante; J. Annis; H. Lin; D. Tucker; R. C. Smith

    2006-08-11

    The Dark Energy Survey (DES; operations 2009-2015) will address the nature of dark energy using four independent and complementary techniques: (1) a galaxy cluster survey over 4000 deg2 in collaboration with the South Pole Telescope Sunyaev-Zel'dovich effect mapping experiment, (2) a cosmic shear measurement over 5000 deg2, (3) a galaxy angular clustering measurement within redshift shells to redshift=1.35, and (4) distance measurements to 1900 supernovae Ia. The DES will produce 200 TB of raw data in four bands, These data will be processed into science ready images and catalogs and co-added into deeper, higher quality images and catalogs. In total, the DES dataset will exceed 1 PB, including a 100 TB catalog database that will serve as a key science analysis tool for the astronomy/cosmology community. The data rate, volume, and duration of the survey require a new type of data management (DM) system that (1) offers a high degree of automation and robustness and (2) leverages the existing high performance computing infrastructure to meet the project's DM targets. The DES DM system consists of (1) a grid-enabled, flexible and scalable middleware developed at NCSA for the broader scientific community, (2) astronomy modules that build upon community software, and (3) a DES archive to support automated processing and to serve DES catalogs and images to the collaboration and the public. In the recent DES Data Challenge 1 we deployed and tested the first version of the DES DM system, successfully reducing 700 GB of raw simulated images into 5 TB of reduced data products and cataloguing 50 million objects with calibrated astrometry and photometry.

  12. Protection of Coastal Infrastructure under Rising Flood Risk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lickley, M.J.

    The 2005 hurricane season was particularly damaging to the United States, contributing to significant losses to energy infrastructure—much of it the result of flooding from storm surge during hurricanes Katrina and Rita. ...

  13. Third Annual Cyber Security and Information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krings, Axel W.

    Third Annual Cyber Security and Information Infrastructure Research Workshop May 14-15, 2007 TOWARDS COMPREHENSIVE STRATEGIES THAT MEET THE CYBER SECURITY CHALLENGES OF THE 21ST CENTURY Frederick Sheldon, Axel Krings, Seong-Moo Yoo, and Ali Mili (Editors) #12;CSIIRW07: Cyber Security and Information

  14. INL@Work Cyber Security

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chaffin, May

    2010-01-01

    May Chaffin is one of many Idaho National Laboratory researchers who are helping secure the nation's critical infrastructure from cyber attacks. Lots more content like this is available at INL's facebook page http://www.facebook.com/idahonationallaboratory.

  15. INL@Work Cyber Security

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Chaffin, May

    2013-05-28

    May Chaffin is one of many Idaho National Laboratory researchers who are helping secure the nation's critical infrastructure from cyber attacks. Lots more content like this is available at INL's facebook page http://www.facebook.com/idahonationallaboratory.

  16. Risk analysis tools for force protection and infrastructure/asset protection

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jaeger, C.D.; Duggan, R.A.; Paulus, W.K.

    1998-09-01

    The Security Systems and Technology Center at Sandia National Laboratories has for many years been involved in the development and use of vulnerability assessment and risk analysis tools. In particular, two of these tools, ASSESS and JTS, have been used extensively for Department of Energy facilities. Increasingly, Sandia has been called upon to evaluate critical assets and infrastructures, support DoD force protection activities and assist in the protection of facilities from terrorist attacks using weapons of mass destruction. Sandia is involved in many different activities related to security and force protection and is expanding its capabilities by developing new risk analysis tools to support a variety of users. One tool, in the very early stages of development, is EnSURE, Engineered Surety Using the Risk Equation. EnSURE addresses all of the risk equation and integrates the many components into a single, tool-supported process to help determine the most cost-effective ways to reduce risk. This paper will briefly discuss some of these risk analysis tools within the EnSURE framework.

  17. Critical infrastructure systems of systems assessment methodology.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sholander, Peter E.; Darby, John L.; Phelan, James M.; Smith, Bryan; Wyss, Gregory Dane; Walter, Andrew; Varnado, G. Bruce; Depoy, Jennifer Mae

    2006-10-01

    Assessing the risk of malevolent attacks against large-scale critical infrastructures requires modifications to existing methodologies that separately consider physical security and cyber security. This research has developed a risk assessment methodology that explicitly accounts for both physical and cyber security, while preserving the traditional security paradigm of detect, delay, and respond. This methodology also accounts for the condition that a facility may be able to recover from or mitigate the impact of a successful attack before serious consequences occur. The methodology uses evidence-based techniques (which are a generalization of probability theory) to evaluate the security posture of the cyber protection systems. Cyber threats are compared against cyber security posture using a category-based approach nested within a path-based analysis to determine the most vulnerable cyber attack path. The methodology summarizes the impact of a blended cyber/physical adversary attack in a conditional risk estimate where the consequence term is scaled by a ''willingness to pay'' avoidance approach.

  18. Multiple Modeling Approaches and Insights for Critical Infrastructure Protection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    such as the Departments of Homeland Security, Energy and Transportation are responsible for the protection and regulation evolved toward economical and efficient systems that are robust against random failures and natural events protective measures, prepare for and assist in the response to natural disasters and unexpected disruptive

  19. DOE/DHS INDUSTRIAL CONTROL SYSTEM CYBER SECURITY PROGRAMS: A MODEL FOR USE IN NUCLEAR FACILITY SAFEGUARDS AND SECURITY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Robert S. Anderson; Mark Schanfein; Trond Bjornard; Paul Moskowitz

    2011-07-01

    Many critical infrastructure sectors have been investigating cyber security issues for several years especially with the help of two primary government programs. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) National SCADA Test Bed and the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Control Systems Security Program have both implemented activities aimed at securing the industrial control systems that operate the North American electric grid along with several other critical infrastructure sectors (ICS). These programs have spent the last seven years working with industry including asset owners, educational institutions, standards and regulating bodies, and control system vendors. The programs common mission is to provide outreach, identification of cyber vulnerabilities to ICS and mitigation strategies to enhance security postures. The success of these programs indicates that a similar approach can be successfully translated into other sectors including nuclear operations, safeguards, and security. The industry regulating bodies have included cyber security requirements and in some cases, have incorporated sets of standards with penalties for non-compliance such as the North American Electric Reliability Corporation Critical Infrastructure Protection standards. These DOE and DHS programs that address security improvements by both suppliers and end users provide an excellent model for nuclear facility personnel concerned with safeguards and security cyber vulnerabilities and countermeasures. It is not a stretch to imagine complete surreptitious collapse of protection against the removal of nuclear material or even initiation of a criticality event as witnessed at Three Mile Island or Chernobyl in a nuclear ICS inadequately protected against the cyber threat.

  20. Publication and Protection of Sensitive Site Information in a Grid Infrastructure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Geddes, Cameron Guy Robinson

    Publication and Protection of Sensitive Site Information in a Grid Infrastructure Shreyas Cholia providers must be able to publish information about their underlying resources and services. This information makes it easier for users and virtual organizations to make intelligent decisions about resource

  1. Defense on the Move: Ant-Based Cyber Defense

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fink, Glenn A.; Haack, Jereme N.; McKinnon, Archibald D.; Fulp, Errin W.

    2014-04-15

    Many common cyber defenses (like firewalls and IDS) are as static as trench warfare allowing the attacker freedom to probe them at will. The concept of Moving Target Defense (MTD) adds dynamism to the defender side, but puts the systems to be defended themselves in motion, potentially at great cost to the defender. An alternative approach is a mobile resilient defense that removes attackers’ ability to rely on prior experience without requiring motion in the protected infrastructure itself. The defensive technology absorbs most of the cost of motion, is resilient to attack, and is unpredictable to attackers. The Ant-Based Cyber Defense (ABCD) is a mobile resilient defense providing a set of roaming, bio-inspired, digital-ant agents working with stationary agents in a hierarchy headed by a human supervisor. The ABCD approach provides a resilient, extensible, and flexible defense that can scale to large, multi-enterprise infrastructures like the smart electric grid.

  2. Infrastructure

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACT EVALUATION PLAN FOR THEVorticesInformation|Infrastructure (D2SA)

  3. Infrastructure

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformation CurrentHenry Bellamy,ImpactScientificInfluence ofMedia onInfraredInfrastructure

  4. Metaphors for cyber security.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moore, Judy Hennessey; Parrott, Lori K.; Karas, Thomas H.

    2008-08-01

    This report is based upon a workshop, called 'CyberFest', held at Sandia National Laboratories on May 27-30, 2008. Participants in the workshop came from organizations both outside and inside Sandia. The premise of the workshop was that thinking about cyber security from a metaphorical perspective could lead to a deeper understanding of current approaches to cyber defense and perhaps to some creative new approaches. A wide range of metaphors was considered, including those relating to: military and other types of conflict, biological, health care, markets, three-dimensional space, and physical asset protection. These in turn led to consideration of a variety of possible approaches for improving cyber security in the future. From the proposed approaches, three were formulated for further discussion. These approaches were labeled 'Heterogeneity' (drawing primarily on the metaphor of biological diversity), 'Motivating Secure Behavior' (taking a market perspective on the adoption of cyber security measures) and 'Cyber Wellness' (exploring analogies with efforts to improve individual and public health).

  5. Cyber Security Indications and Warning System (SV): CRADA 1573.94 Project Accomplishments Summary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hu, Tan Chang; Robinson, David G.

    2011-09-08

    As the national focus on cyber security increases, there is an evolving need for a capability to provide for high-speed sensing of events, correlation of events, and decision-making based on the adverse events seen across multiple independent large-scale network environments. The purpose of this Shared Vision project, Cyber Security Indications and Warning System, was to combine both Sandia's and LMC's expertise to discover new solutions to the challenge of protecting our nation's infrastructure assets. The objectives and scope of the proposal was limited to algorithm and High Performance Computing (HPC) model assessment in the unclassified environment within funding and schedule constraints. The interest is the identification, scalability assessment, and applicability of current utilized cyber security algorithms as applied in an HPC environment.

  6. INSTITUTE FOR CYBER SECURITY Cyber Security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandhu, Ravi

    INSTITUTE FOR CYBER SECURITY 1 Cyber Security: Past, Present and Future Prof. Ravi Sandhu Executive Director and Endowed Chair Institute for Cyber Security (ICS) University of Texas at San Antonio August-world impact #12;INSTITUTE FOR CYBER SECURITY Institute for Cyber Security Founded June 2007: still in start

  7. Energy, Climate, & Infrastructure Security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siefert, Chris

    Infrastructure Demonstration for Energy reliability and Security) (web link) program to demonstrate: · Cyber-securityEnergy, Climate, & Infrastructure Security ExCEptIonal SErvICE In thE natIonal IntErESt Sandia Security Administration under contract DE-AC04-94AL85000. SAND2013-7809W to enhance the nation's security

  8. INDUSTRIAL CONTROL SYSTEM CYBER SECURITY: QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS RELEVANT TO NUCLEAR FACILITIES, SAFEGUARDS AND SECURITY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Robert S. Anderson; Mark Schanfein; Trond Bjornard; Paul Moskowitz

    2011-07-01

    Typical questions surrounding industrial control system (ICS) cyber security always lead back to: What could a cyber attack do to my system(s) and; how much should I worry about it? These two leading questions represent only a fraction of questions asked when discussing cyber security as it applies to any program, company, business, or organization. The intent of this paper is to open a dialog of important pertinent questions and answers that managers of nuclear facilities engaged in nuclear facility security and safeguards should examine, i.e., what questions should be asked; and how do the answers affect an organization's ability to effectively safeguard and secure nuclear material. When a cyber intrusion is reported, what does that mean? Can an intrusion be detected or go un-noticed? Are nuclear security or safeguards systems potentially vulnerable? What about the digital systems employed in process monitoring, and international safeguards? Organizations expend considerable efforts to ensure that their facilities can maintain continuity of operations against physical threats. However, cyber threats particularly on ICSs may not be well known or understood, and often do not receive adequate attention. With the disclosure of the Stuxnet virus that has recently attacked nuclear infrastructure, many organizations have recognized the need for an urgent interest in cyber attacks and defenses against them. Several questions arise including discussions about the insider threat, adequate cyber protections, program readiness, encryption, and many more. These questions, among others, are discussed so as to raise the awareness and shed light on ways to protect nuclear facilities and materials against such attacks.

  9. SPIDERS JCTD Smart Cyber-Secure Microgrids

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The Smart Power Infrastructure Demonstration for Energy Reliability and Security (SPIDERS) Joint Capability Technology Demonstration (JCTD) is a groundbreaking program to bolster the cyber security and energy efficiency of U.S. military installations and transfer the knowhow to non-military critical infrastructure.

  10. A Taxonomy of Cyber Attacks on 3G Networks Kameswari Kotapati, Peng Liu, Yan Sun, Thomas F. LaPorta

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yener, Aylin

    1 A Taxonomy of Cyber Attacks on 3G Networks Kameswari Kotapati, Peng Liu, Yan Sun, Thomas F. La Infrastructure Cyber Attack. This paper is the first to propose attack taxonomy for 3G networks. The uniqueness of this taxonomy is the inclusion of Cross Infrastructure Cyber Attacks in addition to the standard Single

  11. Department of Energy Cyber Security Management

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2006-12-04

    The purpose of the DOE Cyber Security Management Program is to protect all DOE cyber information and information systems in order to implement the requirements of applicable laws required to maintain national security and ensure DOE business operations proceed without security events such as interruption or compromise. Cancels DOE O 205.1. Canceled by DOE O 205.1B.

  12. Department of Energy Cyber Security Management Program

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2003-03-21

    The purpose of the Department of Energy (DOE) Cyber Security Management Program (hereafter called the Program) is to protect all DOE cyber information and information systems in order to implement the requirements of applicable laws required to maintain national security and ensure DOE business operations proceed without security events such as interruption or compromise. Cancels DOE N 205.1

  13. Cyber Friendly Fire

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greitzer, Frank L.; Carroll, Thomas E.; Roberts, Adam D.

    2011-09-01

    Cyber friendly fire (FF) is a new concept that has been brought to the attention of Department of Defense (DoD) stakeholders through two workshops that were planned and conducted by the Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL) and research conducted for AFRL by the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. With this previous work in mind, we offer a definition of cyber FF as intentional offensive or defensive cyber/electronic actions intended to protect cyber systems against enemy forces or to attack enemy cyber systems, which unintentionally harms the mission effectiveness of friendly or neutral forces. Just as with combat friendly fire, a fundamental need in avoiding cyber FF is to maintain situation awareness (SA). We suggest that cyber SA concerns knowledge of a system's topology (connectedness and relationships of the nodes in a system), and critical knowledge elements such as the characteristics and vulnerabilities of the components that comprise the system (and that populate the nodes), the nature of the activities or work performed, and the available defensive (and offensive) countermeasures that may be applied to thwart network attacks. A training implication is to raise awareness and understanding of these critical knowledge units; an approach to decision aids and/or visualizations is to focus on supporting these critical knowledge units. To study cyber FF, we developed an unclassified security test range comprising a combination of virtual and physical devices that present a closed network for testing, simulation, and evaluation. This network offers services found on a production network without the associated costs of a real production network. Containing enough detail to appear realistic, this virtual and physical environment can be customized to represent different configurations. For our purposes, the test range was configured to appear as an Internet-connected Managed Service Provider (MSP) offering specialized web applications to the general public. The network is essentially divided into a production component that hosts the web and network services, and a user component that hosts thirty employee workstations and other end devices. The organization's network is separated from the Internet by a Cisco ASA network security device that both firewalls and detects intrusions. Business sensitive information is stored in various servers. This includes data comprising thousands of internal documents, such as finance and technical designs, email messages for the organization's employees including the CEO, CFO, and CIO, the organization's source code, and Personally Identifiable client data. Release of any of this information to unauthorized parties would have a significant, detrimental impact on the organization's reputation, which would harm earnings. The valuable information stored in these servers pose obvious points of interest for an adversary. We constructed several scenarios around this environment to support studies in cyber SA and cyber FF that may be run in the test range. We describe mitigation strategies to combat cyber FF including both training concepts and suggestions for decision aids and visualization approaches. Finally, we discuss possible future research directions.

  14. Cyber Friendly Fire: Research Challenges for Security Informatics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greitzer, Frank L.; Carroll, Thomas E.; Roberts, Adam D.

    2013-06-06

    This paper addresses cognitive implications and research needs surrounding the problem of cyber friendly fire (FF). We define cyber FF as intentional offensive or defensive cyber/electronic actions intended to protect cyber systems against enemy forces or to attack enemy cyber systems, which unintention-ally harms the mission effectiveness of friendly or neutral forces. Just as with combat friendly fire, maintaining situation awareness (SA) is paramount to avoiding cyber FF incidents. Cyber SA concerns knowledge of a system’s topology (connectedness and relationships of the nodes in a system), and critical knowledge elements such as the characteristics and vulnerabilities of the components that comprise the system and its nodes, the nature of the activities or work performed, and the available defensive and offensive countermeasures that may be applied to thwart network attacks. Mitigation strategies to combat cyber FF— including both training concepts and suggestions for decision aids and visualization approaches—are discussed.

  15. Security Informatics Research Challenges for Mitigating Cyber Friendly Fire

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carroll, Thomas E.; Greitzer, Frank L.; Roberts, Adam D.

    2014-09-30

    This paper addresses cognitive implications and research needs surrounding the problem of cyber friendly re (FF). We dene cyber FF as intentional o*ensive or defensive cyber/electronic actions intended to protect cyber systems against enemy forces or to attack enemy cyber systems, which unintentionally harms the mission e*ectiveness of friendly or neutral forces. We describe examples of cyber FF and discuss how it ts within a general conceptual framework for cyber security failures. Because it involves human failure, cyber FF may be considered to belong to a sub-class of cyber security failures characterized as unintentional insider threats. Cyber FF is closely related to combat friendly re in that maintaining situation awareness (SA) is paramount to avoiding unintended consequences. Cyber SA concerns knowledge of a system's topology (connectedness and relationships of the nodes in a system), and critical knowledge elements such as the characteristics and vulnerabilities of the components that comprise the system and its nodes, the nature of the activities or work performed, and the available defensive and o*ensive countermeasures that may be applied to thwart network attacks. We describe a test bed designed to support empirical research on factors a*ecting cyber FF. Finally, we discuss mitigation strategies to combat cyber FF, including both training concepts and suggestions for decision aids and visualization approaches.

  16. Voluntary Protection Program Onsite Review, Infrastructure Support Contract Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant- March 2012

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Evaluation to determine whether the Infrastructure Support Contract Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant is continuing to perform at a level deserving DOE-VPP Star recognition.

  17. Voluntary Protection Program Onsite Review, Infrastructure Support Contract Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant- May 2013

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Evaluation to determine whether Infrastructure Support Contract Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant is continuing to perform at a level deserving DOE-VPP Star recognition.

  18. The Infrastructure Necessary to Support a Sustainable Material Protection, Control and Accounting (MPC&A) Program in Russia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bachner, Katherine M.; Mladineo, Stephen V.

    2011-07-20

    The NNSA Material Protection, Control, and Accounting (MPC&A) program has been engaged for fifteen years in upgrading the security of nuclear materials in Russia. Part of the effort has been to establish the conditions necessary to ensure the long-term sustainability of nuclear security. A sustainable program of nuclear security requires the creation of an indigenous infrastructure, starting with sustained high level government commitment. This includes organizational development, training, maintenance, regulations, inspections, and a strong nuclear security culture. The provision of modern physical protection, control, and accounting equipment to the Russian Federation alone is not sufficient. Comprehensive infrastructure projects support the Russian Federation's ability to maintain the risk reduction achieved through upgrades to the equipment. To illustrate the contributions to security, and challenges of implementation, this paper discusses the history and next steps for an indigenous Tamper Indication Device (TID) program, and a Radiation Portal Monitoring (RPM) program.

  19. S3A: Secure System Simplex Architecture for Enhanced Security of Cyber-Physical Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohan, Sibin; Betti, Emiliano; Yun, Heechul; Sha, Lui; Caccamo, Marco

    2012-01-01

    Until recently, cyber-physical systems, especially those with safety-critical properties that manage critical infrastructure (e.g. power generation plants, water treatment facilities, etc.) were considered to be invulnerable against software security breaches. The recently discovered 'W32.Stuxnet' worm has drastically changed this perception by demonstrating that such systems are susceptible to external attacks. Here we present an architecture that enhances the security of safety-critical cyber-physical systems despite the presence of such malware. Our architecture uses the property that control systems have deterministic execution behavior, to detect an intrusion within 0.6 {\\mu}s while still guaranteeing the safety of the plant. We also show that even if an attack is successful, the overall state of the physical system will still remain safe. Even if the operating system's administrative privileges have been compromised, our architecture will still be able to protect the physical system from coming to harm.

  20. Cyber Incidents Involving Control Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Robert J. Turk

    2005-10-01

    The Analysis Function of the US-CERT Control Systems Security Center (CSSC) at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) has prepared this report to document cyber security incidents for use by the CSSC. The description and analysis of incidents reported herein support three CSSC tasks: establishing a business case; increasing security awareness and private and corporate participation related to enhanced cyber security of control systems; and providing informational material to support model development and prioritize activities for CSSC. The stated mission of CSSC is to reduce vulnerability of critical infrastructure to cyber attack on control systems. As stated in the Incident Management Tool Requirements (August 2005) ''Vulnerability reduction is promoted by risk analysis that tracks actual risk, emphasizes high risk, determines risk reduction as a function of countermeasures, tracks increase of risk due to external influence, and measures success of the vulnerability reduction program''. Process control and Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) systems, with their reliance on proprietary networks and hardware, have long been considered immune to the network attacks that have wreaked so much havoc on corporate information systems. New research indicates this confidence is misplaced--the move to open standards such as Ethernet, Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol, and Web technologies is allowing hackers to take advantage of the control industry's unawareness. Much of the available information about cyber incidents represents a characterization as opposed to an analysis of events. The lack of good analyses reflects an overall weakness in reporting requirements as well as the fact that to date there have been very few serious cyber attacks on control systems. Most companies prefer not to share cyber attack incident data because of potential financial repercussions. Uniform reporting requirements will do much to make this information available to Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and others who require it. This report summarizes the rise in frequency of cyber attacks, describes the perpetrators, and identifies the means of attack. This type of analysis, when used in conjunction with vulnerability analyses, can be used to support a proactive approach to prevent cyber attacks. CSSC will use this document to evolve a standardized approach to incident reporting and analysis. This document will be updated as needed to record additional event analyses and insights regarding incident reporting. This report represents 120 cyber security incidents documented in a number of sources, including: the British Columbia Institute of Technology (BCIT) Industrial Security Incident Database, the 2003 CSI/FBI Computer Crime and Security Survey, the KEMA, Inc., Database, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, the Energy Incident Database, the INL Cyber Incident Database, and other open-source data. The National Memorial Institute for the Prevention of Terrorism (MIPT) database was also interrogated but, interestingly, failed to yield any cyber attack incidents. The results of this evaluation indicate that historical evidence provides insight into control system related incidents or failures; however, that the limited available information provides little support to future risk estimates. The documented case history shows that activity has increased significantly since 1988. The majority of incidents come from the Internet by way of opportunistic viruses, Trojans, and worms, but a surprisingly large number are directed acts of sabotage. A substantial number of confirmed, unconfirmed, and potential events that directly or potentially impact control systems worldwide are also identified. Twelve selected cyber incidents are presented at the end of this report as examples of the documented case studies (see Appendix B).

  1. A Mathematical Framework for the Analysis of Cyber-Resilient Control Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Melin, Alexander M; Ferragut, Erik M; Laska, Jason A; Fugate, David L; Kisner, Roger

    2013-01-01

    The increasingly recognized vulnerability of industrial control systems to cyber-attacks has inspired a considerable amount of research into techniques for cyber-resilient control systems. The majority of this effort involves the application of well known information security (IT) techniques to control system networks. While these efforts are important to protect the control systems that operate critical infrastructure, they are never perfectly effective. Little research has focused on the design of closed-loop dynamics that are resilient to cyber-attack. The majority of control system protection measures are concerned with how to prevent unauthorized access and protect data integrity. We believe that the ability to analyze how an attacker can effect the closed loop dynamics of a control system configuration once they have access is just as important to the overall security of a control system. To begin to analyze this problem, consistent mathematical definitions of concepts within resilient control need to be established so that a mathematical analysis of the vulnerabilities and resiliencies of a particular control system design methodology and configuration can be made. In this paper, we propose rigorous definitions for state awareness, operational normalcy, and resiliency as they relate to control systems. We will also discuss some mathematical consequences that arise from the proposed definitions. The goal is to begin to develop a mathematical framework and testable conditions for resiliency that can be used to build a sound theoretical foundation for resilient control research.

  2. Data Intensive Architecture for Scalable Cyber Analytics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Olsen, Bryan K.; Johnson, John R.; Critchlow, Terence J.

    2011-12-19

    Cyber analysts are tasked with the identification and mitigation of network exploits and threats. These compromises are difficult to identify due to the characteristics of cyber communication, the volume of traffic, and the duration of possible attack. In this paper, we describe a prototype implementation designed to provide cyber analysts an environment where they can interactively explore a month’s worth of cyber security data. This prototype utilized On-Line Analytical Processing (OLAP) techniques to present a data cube to the analysts. The cube provides a summary of the data, allowing trends to be easily identified as well as the ability to easily pull up the original records comprising an event of interest. The cube was built using SQL Server Analysis Services (SSAS), with the interface to the cube provided by Tableau. This software infrastructure was supported by a novel hardware architecture comprising a Netezza TwinFin® for the underlying data warehouse and a cube server with a FusionIO drive hosting the data cube. We evaluated this environment on a month’s worth of artificial, but realistic, data using multiple queries provided by our cyber analysts. As our results indicate, OLAP technology has progressed to the point where it is in a unique position to provide novel insights to cyber analysts, as long as it is supported by an appropriate data intensive architecture.

  3. Cyber Security Requirements for Wireless Devices and Information Systems

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2004-02-11

    The Notice establishes DOE policy requirements and responsibilities for using wireless networks and devices within DOE and implements the requirements of DOE 0 205.1, Department of Energy Cyber Security Management Program, dated 3-21-03, including requirements for cyber resource protection, risk management, program evaluation, and cyber security plan development and maintenance. No cancellation. DOE N 205.15, dated 3/18/05, extends this directive until 3/18/06.

  4. cyber security guru

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandhu, Ravi

    cyber security guru By: Virginia Scott Posted: 4/17/07 UTSA has received a grant from the Texas Emerging Fund to create an institute for cyber security research. According to UTSA industry and educational initiatives in Texas. The creation of UTSA's Institute for Cyber Security Research

  5. Control Systems Cyber Security Standards Support Activities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Robert Evans

    2009-01-01

    The Department of Homeland Security’s Control Systems Security Program (CSSP) is working with industry to secure critical infrastructure sectors from cyber intrusions that could compromise control systems. This document describes CSSP’s current activities with industry organizations in developing cyber security standards for control systems. In addition, it summarizes the standards work being conducted by organizations within the sector and provides a brief listing of sector meetings and conferences that might be of interest for each sector. Control systems cyber security standards are part of a rapidly changing environment. The participation of CSSP in the development effort for these standards has provided consistency in the technical content of the standards while ensuring that information developed by CSSP is included.

  6. CDP - Adaptive Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) Technology for Infrastructure Protection

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marco Carvalho; Richard Ford

    2012-05-14

    Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) Systems are a type of Industrial Control System characterized by the centralized (or hierarchical) monitoring and control of geographically dispersed assets. SCADA systems combine acquisition and network components to provide data gathering, transmission, and visualization for centralized monitoring and control. However these integrated capabilities, especially when built over legacy systems and protocols, generally result in vulnerabilities that can be exploited by attackers, with potentially disastrous consequences. Our research project proposal was to investigate new approaches for secure and survivable SCADA systems. In particular, we were interested in the resilience and adaptability of large-scale mission-critical monitoring and control infrastructures. Our research proposal was divided in two main tasks. The first task was centered on the design and investigation of algorithms for survivable SCADA systems and a prototype framework demonstration. The second task was centered on the characterization and demonstration of the proposed approach in illustrative scenarios (simulated or emulated).

  7. Designing and Operating Through Compromise: Architectural Analysis of CKMS for the Advanced Metering Infrastructure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duren, Mike; Aldridge, Hal; Abercrombie, Robert K; Sheldon, Frederick T

    2013-01-01

    Compromises attributable to the Advanced Persistent Threat (APT) highlight the necessity for constant vigilance. The APT provides a new perspective on security metrics (e.g., statistics based cyber security) and quantitative risk assessments. We consider design principals and models/tools that provide high assurance for energy delivery systems (EDS) operations regardless of the state of compromise. Cryptographic keys must be securely exchanged, then held and protected on either end of a communications link. This is challenging for a utility with numerous substations that must secure the intelligent electronic devices (IEDs) that may comprise complex control system of systems. For example, distribution and management of keys among the millions of intelligent meters within the Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI) is being implemented as part of the National Smart Grid initiative. Without a means for a secure cryptographic key management system (CKMS) no cryptographic solution can be widely deployed to protect the EDS infrastructure from cyber-attack. We consider 1) how security modeling is applied to key management and cyber security concerns on a continuous basis from design through operation, 2) how trusted models and key management architectures greatly impact failure scenarios, and 3) how hardware-enabled trust is a critical element to detecting, surviving, and recovering from attack.

  8. Cyber Security & Smart Grid 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shapiro, J.

    2011-01-01

    and interoperability ESL-KT-11-11-23 CATEE 2011, Dallas, Texas, Nov. 7 ? 9, 2011 Cyber Vulnerabilities In The Legacy Power Grid ? SCADA Security ? Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) systems are used extensively to control and monitor the national... & Smart Grid Jonathan Shapiro Texas Institute The Clean Air Through Energy Efficiency (CATEE) Conference Cyber Security & Smart Grid ESL-KT-11-11-23 CATEE 2011, Dallas, Texas, Nov. 7 ? 9, 2011 Cyber Security and The Smart Grid Networks...

  9. CYBER/PHYSICAL SECURITY VULNERABILITY ASSESSMENT INTEGRATION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    MacDonald, Douglas G.; Key, Brad; Clements, Samuel L.; Hutton, William J.; Craig, Philip A.; Patrick, Scott W.; Crawford, Cary E.

    2011-07-17

    This internally funded Laboratory-Directed R&D project by the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, in conjunction with QinetiQ North America, is intended to identify and properly assess areas of overlap (and interaction) in the vulnerability assessment process between cyber security and physical protection. Existing vulnerability analysis (VA) processes and software tools exist, and these are heavily utilized in the determination of predicted vulnerability within the physical and cyber security domains. These determinations are normally performed independently of one another, and only interact on a superficial level. Both physical and cyber security subject matter experts have come to realize that though the various interactive elements exist, they are not currently quantified in most periodic security assessments. This endeavor aims to evaluate both physical and cyber VA techniques and provide a strategic approach to integrate the interdependent relationships of each into a single VA capability. This effort will also transform the existing suite of software currently utilized in the physical protection world to more accurately quantify the risk associated with a blended attack scenario. Performance databases will be created to support the characterization of the cyber security elements, and roll them into prototype software tools. This new methodology and software capability will enable analysts to better identify and assess the overall risk during a vulnerability analysis.

  10. Cyber Security Architecture Guidelines

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2001-03-08

    This Guide provides supplemental information on the implementation of cyber security architectures throughout the Department of Energy. Canceled by DOE N 205.18

  11. Department of Energy Cyber Security Program

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2011-05-16

    The order sets forth requirements and responsibilities for a Departmental Cyber Security Program (CSP) that protects information and information systems for the Department of Energy (DOE). Chg 1 dated 12-7-2012; Chg 2 dated 3-11-2013; Chg 3, dated 4-29-2014, supersedes Chg 2.

  12. Towards a Research Agenda for Cyber Friendly Fire

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greitzer, Frank L.; Clements, Samuel L.; Carroll, Thomas E.; Fluckiger, Jerry D.

    2009-11-18

    Historical assessments of combat fratricide reveal principal contributing factors in the effects of stress, degradation of skills due to continuous operations or sleep deprivation, poor situation awareness, and lack of training and discipline in offensive/defense response selection. While these problems are typically addressed in R&D focusing on traditional ground-based combat, there is also an emerging need for improving situation awareness and decision making on defensive/offensive response options in the cyber defense arena, where a mistaken response to an actual or perceived cyber attack could lead to destruction or compromise of friendly cyber assets. The purpose of this report is to examine cognitive factors that may affect cyber situation awareness and describe possible research needs to reduce the likelihood and effects of "friendly cyber fire" on cyber defenses, information infrastructures, and data. The approach is to examine concepts and methods that have been described in research applied to the more traditional problem of mitigating the occurrence of combat identification and fratricide. Application domains of interest include cyber security defense against external or internal (insider) threats.

  13. Mathematical and Statistical Opportunities in Cyber Security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meza, Juan

    2009-01-01

    development approach to cyber security. Report submitted to2007. Committee on Improving Cyber- security Research in theOpportunities in Cyber Security ? Juan Meza † Scott

  14. Summary report on transportation of nuclear fuel materials in Japan : transportation infrastructure, threats identified in open literature, and physical protection regulations.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cochran, John Russell; Ouchi, Yuichiro (Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Japan); Furaus, James Phillip; Marincel, Michelle K.

    2008-03-01

    This report summarizes the results of three detailed studies of the physical protection systems for the protection of nuclear materials transport in Japan, with an emphasis on the transportation of mixed oxide fuel materials1. The Japanese infrastructure for transporting nuclear fuel materials is addressed in the first section. The second section of this report presents a summary of baseline data from the open literature on the threats of sabotage and theft during the transport of nuclear fuel materials in Japan. The third section summarizes a review of current International Atomic Energy Agency, Japanese and United States guidelines and regulations concerning the physical protection for the transportation of nuclear fuel materials.

  15. Final report : impacts analysis for cyber attack on electric power systems (National SCADA Test Bed FY08).

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Phillips, Laurence R.; Richardson, Bryan T.; Stamp, Jason Edwin; LaViolette, Randall A.

    2009-02-01

    To analyze the risks due to cyber attack against control systems used in the United States electrical infrastructure, new algorithms are needed to determine the possible impacts. This research is studying the Reliability Impact of Cyber ttack (RICA) in a two-pronged approach. First, malevolent cyber actions are analyzed in terms of reduced grid reliability. Second, power system impacts are investigated using an abstraction of the grid's dynamic model. This second year of esearch extends the work done during the first year.

  16. Cyber Security Testing and Training Programs for Industrial Control Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Daniel Noyes

    2012-03-01

    Service providers rely on industrial control systems (ICS) to manage the flow of water at dams, open breakers on power grids, control ventilation and cooling in nuclear power plants, and more. In today's interconnected environment, this can present a serious cyber security challenge. To combat this growing challenge, government, private industry, and academia are working together to reduce cyber risks. The Idaho National Laboratory (INL) is a key contributor to the Department of Energy National SCADA Test Bed (NSTB) and the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Control Systems Security Program (CSSP), both of which focus on improving the overall security posture of ICS in the national critical infrastructure. In support of the NSTB, INL hosts a dedicated SCADA testing facility which consists of multiple control systems supplied by leading national and international manufacturers. Within the test bed, INL researchers systematically examine control system components and work to identify vulnerabilities. In support of the CSSP, INL develops and conducts training courses which are designed to increase awareness and defensive capabilities for IT/Control System professionals. These trainings vary from web-based cyber security trainings for control systems engineers to more advanced hands-on training that culminates with a Red Team/ Blue Team exercise that is conducted within an actual control systems environment. INL also provides staffing and operational support to the DHS Industrial Control Systems Cyber Emergency Response Team (ICS-CERT) Security Operations Center which responds to and analyzes control systems cyber incidents across the 18 US critical infrastructure sectors.

  17. Cyber security best practices for the nuclear industry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Badr, I.

    2012-07-01

    When deploying software based systems, such as, digital instrumentation and controls for the nuclear industry, it is vital to include cyber security assessment as part of architecture and development process. When integrating and delivering software-intensive systems for the nuclear industry, engineering teams should make use of a secure, requirements driven, software development life cycle, ensuring security compliance and optimum return on investment. Reliability protections, data loss prevention, and privacy enforcement provide a strong case for installing strict cyber security policies. (authors)

  18. Energy: Critical Infrastructure and Key Resources Sector-Specific...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    of the National Infrastructure Protection Plan (NIPP) Base Plan, a comprehensive risk management framework that defines critical infrastructure protection (CIP) roles and...

  19. July 2013 Cyber Incident

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Department of Energy (DOE) has confirmed a cyber incident that occurred at the end of July and resulted in the unauthorized disclosure of federal employee Personally Identifiable Information ...

  20. January 2013 Cyber Incident

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Department of Energy (DOE) has confirmed a recent cyber incident that occurred in mid-January 2013 which targeted the Headquarters' network and resulted in the unauthorized disclosure of...

  1. Cyber security analysis testbed : combining real, emulation, and simulation.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Villamarin, Charles H.; Eldridge, John M.; Van Leeuwen, Brian P.; Urias, Vincent E.

    2010-07-01

    Cyber security analysis tools are necessary to evaluate the security, reliability, and resilience of networked information systems against cyber attack. It is common practice in modern cyber security analysis to separately utilize real systems of computers, routers, switches, firewalls, computer emulations (e.g., virtual machines) and simulation models to analyze the interplay between cyber threats and safeguards. In contrast, Sandia National Laboratories has developed novel methods to combine these evaluation platforms into a hybrid testbed that combines real, emulated, and simulated components. The combination of real, emulated, and simulated components enables the analysis of security features and components of a networked information system. When performing cyber security analysis on a system of interest, it is critical to realistically represent the subject security components in high fidelity. In some experiments, the security component may be the actual hardware and software with all the surrounding components represented in simulation or with surrogate devices. Sandia National Laboratories has developed a cyber testbed that combines modeling and simulation capabilities with virtual machines and real devices to represent, in varying fidelity, secure networked information system architectures and devices. Using this capability, secure networked information system architectures can be represented in our testbed on a single, unified computing platform. This provides an 'experiment-in-a-box' capability. The result is rapidly-produced, large-scale, relatively low-cost, multi-fidelity representations of networked information systems. These representations enable analysts to quickly investigate cyber threats and test protection approaches and configurations.

  2. Departmental Cyber Security Management Policy

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2001-05-08

    The Departmental Cyber Security Management (DCSM) Policy was developed to further clarify and support the elements of the Integrated Safeguards and Security Management (ISSM) Policy regarding cyber security. Certified 9-23-10. No cancellation.

  3. Agent-based Cyber Control Strategy Design for Resilient Control Systems: Concepts, Architecture and Methodologies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Craig Rieger; Milos Manic; Miles McQueen

    2012-08-01

    The implementation of automated regulatory control has been around since the middle of the last century through analog means. It has allowed engineers to operate the plant more consistently by focusing on overall operations and settings instead of individual monitoring of local instruments (inside and outside of a control room). A similar approach is proposed for cyber security, where current border-protection designs have been inherited from information technology developments that lack consideration of the high-reliability, high consequence nature of industrial control systems. Instead of an independent development, however, an integrated approach is taken to develop a holistic understanding of performance. This performance takes shape inside a multiagent design, which provides a notional context to model highly decentralized and complex industrial process control systems, the nervous system of critical infrastructure. The resulting strategy will provide a framework for researching solutions to security and unrecognized interdependency concerns with industrial control systems.

  4. Cyber Security Process Requirements Manual

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2008-08-12

    The Manual establishes the minimum implementation standards for cyber security management processes throughout the Department. No cancellation.

  5. Modeling Cyber Conflicts Using an Extended Petri Net Formalism

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zakrzewska, Anita N; Ferragut, Erik M

    2011-01-01

    When threatened by automated attacks, critical systems that require human-controlled responses have difficulty making optimal responses and adapting protections in real- time and may therefore be overwhelmed. Consequently, experts have called for the development of automatic real-time reaction capabilities. However, a technical gap exists in the modeling and analysis of cyber conflicts to automatically understand the repercussions of responses. There is a need for modeling cyber assets that accounts for concurrent behavior, incomplete information, and payoff functions. Furthermore, we address this need by extending the Petri net formalism to allow real-time cyber conflicts to be modeled in a way that is expressive and concise. This formalism includes transitions controlled by players as well as firing rates attached to transitions. This allows us to model both player actions and factors that are beyond the control of players in real-time. We show that our formalism is able to represent situational aware- ness, concurrent actions, incomplete information and objective functions. These factors make it well-suited to modeling cyber conflicts in a way that allows for useful analysis. MITRE has compiled the Common Attack Pattern Enumera- tion and Classification (CAPEC), an extensive list of cyber attacks at various levels of abstraction. CAPEC includes factors such as attack prerequisites, possible countermeasures, and attack goals. These elements are vital to understanding cyber attacks and to generating the corresponding real-time responses. We demonstrate that the formalism can be used to extract precise models of cyber attacks from CAPEC. Several case studies show that our Petri net formalism is more expressive than other models, such as attack graphs, for modeling cyber conflicts and that it is amenable to exploring cyber strategies.

  6. Department of Energy Cyber Security Program

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2011-05-16

    The order sets forth requirements and responsibilities for a Departmental Cyber Security Program that protects information and information systems for DOE. Cancels DOE O 205.1A, DOE M 205.1-4, DOE M 205.1-5, DOE M 205.1-6, DOE M 205.1-7 and DOE M 205.1-8. Admin Chg 1, dated 12-7-2012; Chg 2, dated 3-11-13.

  7. Department of Energy Cyber Security Program

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2011-05-16

    The order sets forth requirements and responsibilities for a Departmental Cyber Security Program that protects information and information systems for DOE. Cancels DOE O 205.1A, DOE M 205.1-4, DOE M 205.1-5, DOE M 205.1-6, DOE M 205.1-7 and DOE M 205.1-8. Admin Chg 1, dated 12-7-2012.

  8. Cyber Security Requirements for Risk Management

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2004-02-19

    The Notice ensures that system owners consistently assess the threats to and vulnerabilities of systems in order to implement adequate security controls. The Notice will also ensure compliance with the requirements of DOE O 205.1, Department of Energy Cyber Security Management Program, dated 3-21-03, and protect DOE information and information systems from unauthorized access, use, disclosure, modification, or destruction. DOE N 205.15, dated 3/18/05, extends this directive until 3/18/06.

  9. Cyber threat metrics.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Frye, Jason Neal; Veitch, Cynthia K.; Mateski, Mark Elliot; Michalski, John T.; Harris, James Mark; Trevino, Cassandra M.; Maruoka, Scott

    2012-03-01

    Threats are generally much easier to list than to describe, and much easier to describe than to measure. As a result, many organizations list threats. Fewer describe them in useful terms, and still fewer measure them in meaningful ways. This is particularly true in the dynamic and nebulous domain of cyber threats - a domain that tends to resist easy measurement and, in some cases, appears to defy any measurement. We believe the problem is tractable. In this report we describe threat metrics and models for characterizing threats consistently and unambiguously. The purpose of this report is to support the Operational Threat Assessment (OTA) phase of risk and vulnerability assessment. To this end, we focus on the task of characterizing cyber threats using consistent threat metrics and models. In particular, we address threat metrics and models for describing malicious cyber threats to US FCEB agencies and systems.

  10. Voluntary Protection Program Onsite Review, Swift and Staley Team, Infrastructure Support Contract, Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant- December 2014

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Annual Merit Review of Swift and Staley Team (SST) for continued participation in the Department of Energy Voluntary Protection Program.

  11. PACIFIC NORTHWEST CYBER SUMMIT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lesperance, Ann M.; Matlock, Gordon W.; Becker-Dippmann, Angela S.; Smith, Karen S.

    2013-08-07

    On March 26, 2013, the Snohomish County Public Utility District (PUD) and the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) jointly hosted the Pacific Northwest Cyber Summit with the DOE’s Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability, the White House, Washington State congressional delegation, Washington State National Guard, and regional energy companies.

  12. On Cyber Security for Networked Control Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amin, Saurabh

    2011-01-01

    myths and facts behind cyber security risks for industrialJ. and Hieb, J. [2007], ‘Cyber security risk assessment forOn Cyber Security for Networked Control Systems by Saurabh

  13. Information Security: Coordination of Federal Cyber Security...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Information Security: Coordination of Federal Cyber Security Research and Development Information Security: Coordination of Federal Cyber Security Research and Development GAO...

  14. Office of Cyber Assessments | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    a cyber security testing network that evaluates the effectiveness of state-of-the-art cyber security tools. Maintains a continuous program of announced and unannounced...

  15. Extension of DOE Directive on Cyber Security

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2003-06-04

    DOE N 205.4, Handling Cyber Security Alerts and Advisories and Reporting Cyber Security Incidents, is extended until 6/4/04.

  16. Information Security: Coordination of Federal Cyber Security...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Security: Coordination of Federal Cyber Security Research and Development Information Security: Coordination of Federal Cyber Security Research and Development GAO recommends that...

  17. Cyber Security Process Requirements Manual

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2008-08-12

    The Manual establishes the minimum implementation standards for cyber security management processes throughout the Department. No cancellation. Admin Chg 1 dated 9-1-09.

  18. Cyber Security | More Science | ORNL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    science-based approach that combines experimentation, theory, modeling, and high performance computing to solve some of the nation's cyber security grand challenges. Significant,...

  19. The Cyber Security Crisis

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Spafford, Eugene [Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, United States

    2009-09-01

    Despite considerable activity and attention, the overall state of information security continues to get worse. Attacks are increasing, fraud and theft are rising, and losses may exceed $100 billion per year worldwide. Many factors contribute to this, including misplaced incentives for industry, a lack of attention by government, ineffective law enforcement, and an uninformed image of who the perpetrators really are. As a result, many of the intended attempts at solutions are of limited (if any) overall effectiveness. This presentation will illustrate some key aspects of the cyber security problem and its magnitude, as well as provide some insight into causes and enabling factors. The talk will conclude with some observations on how the computing community can help improve the situation, as well as some suggestions for 'cyber self-defense.'

  20. Headquarters Facilities Master Security Plan - Chapter 14, Cyber...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    4, Cyber Security Headquarters Facilities Master Security Plan - Chapter 14, Cyber Security June 2015 2015 Headquarters Facilities Master Security Plan - Chapter 14, Cyber Security...

  1. Cyber Security Incident Management Manual

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2009-01-08

    The manual establishes minimum requirements for a structured cyber security incident detection and management process for detecting, identifying, categorizing, containing, reporting, and mitigating cyber security incidents involving DOE information and information systems operated by DOE or by contractors on behalf of the Department. No cancellations.

  2. Cyber Security Incident Management Manual

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2009-01-08

    The manual establishes minimum requirements for a structured cyber security incident detection and management process for detecting, identifying, categorizing, containing, reporting, and mitigating cyber security incidents involving DOE information and information systems operated by DOE or by contractors on behalf of the Department. No cancellations. Admin Chg 1 dated 9-1-09.

  3. Cyber Security Research: A Personal Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandhu, Ravi

    1 Cyber Security Research: A Personal Perspective Prof. Ravi Sandhu Executive Director and Endowed It will be messy but need not be chaotic! Cyber security research and practice are loosing ground © Ravi Sandhu 2 with Real-World Impact! Cyber Security Scope #12; What is fundamental to cyber security? Where

  4. Fuzzy Logic Based Anomaly Detection for Embedded Network Security Cyber Sensor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ondrej Linda; Todd Vollmer; Jason Wright; Milos Manic

    2011-04-01

    Resiliency and security in critical infrastructure control systems in the modern world of cyber terrorism constitute a relevant concern. Developing a network security system specifically tailored to the requirements of such critical assets is of a primary importance. This paper proposes a novel learning algorithm for anomaly based network security cyber sensor together with its hardware implementation. The presented learning algorithm constructs a fuzzy logic rule based model of normal network behavior. Individual fuzzy rules are extracted directly from the stream of incoming packets using an online clustering algorithm. This learning algorithm was specifically developed to comply with the constrained computational requirements of low-cost embedded network security cyber sensors. The performance of the system was evaluated on a set of network data recorded from an experimental test-bed mimicking the environment of a critical infrastructure control system.

  5. Engineering Energy Systems of the Future as Cyber-Physical Ecosystems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ilic, Marija D.

    OF CYBER-PHYSICAL ECO-ENERGY SYSTEMS · Becoming commercially feasible (cost- effective supporting technologies; distributed IT infrastructure in place; low additional cost for implementing customer choice) #12 resources to provide the same energy density per capita as at present; right of ways hard to obtain

  6. Green Infrastructure 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tildwell, J.

    2011-01-01

    SWM, Green Buildings, Energy Forum, Texas Smartscape) ? Deteriorating Roadways ? ASCE Report Card on Texas Infrastructure for 2008 identified roads as the #1 infrastructure concern ? Congestion ? DFW congestion is growing over 45% faster than...? ? ASCE Sustainability ? Greenroads ? Green Streets ? SmartCode ? New York High Performance Infrastructure Guidelines ? Institute of Transportation Engineers ? American Public Works Association ? ?and many more. Planning ? City and Regional...

  7. Cyber sleuths face off

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submit theCovalent Bonding inCustomer-Comments Sign In AboutCyber Train

  8. 2014 Headquarters Facilities Master Security Plan- Chapter 14, Cyber Security

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    2014 Headquarters Facilities Master Security Plan - Chapter 14, Cyber Security Describes the DOE Headquarters Cyber Security Program.

  9. NERSC Cyber Security Challenges That Require DOE Development and Support

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Draney, Brent; Campbell, Scott; Walter, Howard

    2008-01-01

    LBNL-62284 NERSC Cyber Security Challenges That Require DOEtools designed to meet the cyber security needs of High

  10. Cyber Security Process Requirements Manual

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2008-08-12

    The Manual establishes minimum implementation standards for cyber security management processes throughout the Department. Admin Chg 1 dated 9-1-09; Admin Chg 2 dated 12-22-09. Canceled by DOE O 205.1B. No cancellations.

  11. Cyber Security Incident Management Manual

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2009-01-08

    The manual establishes minimum requirements for a structured cyber security incident detection and management process for detecting, identifying, categorizing, containing, reporting, and mitigating cyber security incidents involving DOE information and information systems operated by DOE or by contractors on behalf of the Department. Admin Chg 1 dated 9-1-09; Admin Chg 2 dated 12-22-09. Canceled by DOE O 205.1B.

  12. Visualizing Cyber Security: Usable Workspaces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fink, Glenn A.; North, Christopher L.; Endert, Alexander; Rose, Stuart J.

    2009-10-11

    An environment that supports cyber analytics work should enable multiple, simultaneous investigations, information foraging, and provide a solution space for organizing data. We describe our study of cyber security professionals and visualizations in a large, high-resolution display work environment. We discuss the tasks and needs of analysts that such an environment can support and present several prototypes designed to support these needs. We conclude with a usability evaluation of the prototypes and additional lessons learned.

  13. Pacific Basin Nuclear Conference (PBNC 2012), BEXCO, Busan, Korea, March 18 ~ 23, 2012 CHALLENGES OF CYBER SECURITY FOR NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Kwangjo

    PBNC 2012 CHALLENGES OF CYBER SECURITY FOR NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS Kwangjo Kim KAIST, Daejeon, Korea.kim@kustar.ac.ae Abstract Nuclear Power Plants (NPPs) become one of the most important infrastructures in providing improvement. 1. Introduction Nuclear Power Plants (NPPs) become one of the most important infrastructures

  14. THE ADVANCED COURSE IN ENGINEERING ON CYBER A Learning Community for Developing Cyber-Security Leaders

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    THE ADVANCED COURSE IN ENGINEERING ON CYBER SECURITY A Learning Community for Developing Cyber-Security: The Advanced Course in Engineering on Cyber Security (ACE-CS) is a public-private partnership to develop top ROTC cadets into the next generation of cyber security leaders. Modeled after the General Electric

  15. Cyber Security via Signaling Games: Toward a Science of Cyber Security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mishra, Bud

    Cyber Security via Signaling Games: Toward a Science of Cyber Security W. Casey, J.A. Morales, T to address various cyber security problems involving exchange of information (asymmetrically). This research challenge in defining a science of cyber-security derives from the peculiar aspects of the field

  16. THE ADVANCED COURSE IN ENGINEERING ON CYBER A Learning Community for Developing Cyber-Security Leaders

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Older, Susan

    THE ADVANCED COURSE IN ENGINEERING ON CYBER SECURITY A Learning Community for Developing Cyber-Security in Engineering on Cyber Security (ACE-CS) is a public- private partnership to develop top ROTC cadets into the next generation of cyber security leaders. Modeled after the General Electric Advanced Course

  17. Transportation Infrastructure

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Infrastructure New Technologies * Potential need for dual-use casks * DOE should look toward industry & international communities for innovations * Industry unclear about delivery...

  18. Cyber Academic Group Brown Bag Guest Lecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    conducted SCADA, substation, plant control system, and water systems vulnerability Applied Control Solutions, LLC. The State of Cyber Security in Industrial Control Systems 1200 This talk will explore control system cyber security, how is it different than

  19. Extension of DOE Directive on Cyber Security

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2004-07-06

    This Notice extends DOE N 205.4, Handling Cyber Security Alerts and Advisories and Reporting Cyber Security Incidents, dated 3-18-02, until 7-6-05.

  20. Protecting Intelligent Distributed Power Grids Against Cyber...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    distribution, IT networks, and control systems-that use automated data analysis and demand response capabilities to increase system functionality, efficiency, and...

  1. A Hierarchical Security Architecture for Cyber-Physical Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Quanyan Zhu; Tamer Basar

    2011-08-01

    Security of control systems is becoming a pivotal concern in critical national infrastructures such as the power grid and nuclear plants. In this paper, we adopt a hierarchical viewpoint to these security issues, addressing security concerns at each level and emphasizing a holistic cross-layer philosophy for developing security solutions. We propose a bottom-up framework that establishes a model from the physical and control levels to the supervisory level, incorporating concerns from network and communication levels. We show that the game-theoretical approach can yield cross-layer security strategy solutions to the cyber-physical systems.

  2. Sandia Energy - Grid Cyber Vulnerability & Assessments

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Development of cyber security architectures and frameworks, including some for microgrids. Detailed vulnerability assessment of systems, devices, components, and procedures....

  3. INSTITUTE FOR CYBER SECURITY Security Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandhu, Ravi

    INSTITUTE FOR CYBER SECURITY 1 Security Models: Past, Present and Future Prof. Ravi Sandhu Executive Director and Endowed Chair Institute for Cyber Security University of Texas at San Antonio July 2009 ravi.sandhu@utsa.edu www.profsandhu.com © Ravi Sandhu #12;INSTITUTE FOR CYBER SECURITY 2 THE BIG

  4. INSTITUTE FOR CYBER SECURITY Security Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandhu, Ravi

    INSTITUTE FOR CYBER SECURITY 1 Security Models: Past, Present and Future Prof. Ravi Sandhu Executive Director and Endowed Chair Institute for Cyber Security University of Texas at San Antonio July 2010 ravi.sandhu@utsa.edu www.profsandhu.com © Ravi Sandhu #12;INSTITUTE FOR CYBER SECURITY 2 THE BIG

  5. Cyber Security Basic Defenses and Attack Trends

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sastry, S. Shankar

    37 38 39 40 41 4273 MTC 4 Cyber Security Basic Defenses and Attack Trends Alvaro A. Cárdenas, Tanya for a successful defense. Cyber security is the branch of security dealing with digital or information technology.1 This chapter presents a selected overview on topics in cyber security. 1. Throughout the chapter, we use

  6. Institute for Cyber Security Prof. Ravi Sandhu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandhu, Ravi

    1 Institute for Cyber Security Prof. Ravi Sandhu Executive Director and Endowed Chair February 4 Engineering College of Engineering Institute for Cyber Security Hallmarks · Diversity · Maturity · Excellence Hispanic minority serving institution Maturity Major and sustained push in cyber security since 2000

  7. INSTITUTE FOR CYBER SECURITY Security Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandhu, Ravi

    INSTITUTE FOR CYBER SECURITY 1 Security Models: Past, Present and Future Prof. Ravi Sandhu Executive Director and Endowed Chair Institute for Cyber Security University of Texas at San Antonio August 2010 ravi.sandhu@utsa.edu www.profsandhu.com © Ravi Sandhu #12;INSTITUTE FOR CYBER SECURITY Security

  8. INSTITUTE FOR CYBER SECURITY Purpose-Centric

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandhu, Ravi

    INSTITUTE FOR CYBER SECURITY 1 Purpose-Centric Secure Information Sharing Ravi Sandhu Executive Director and Endowed Professor Institute for Cyber Security (ICS) University of Texas at San Antonio September 2009 ravi.sandhu@utsa.edu www.profsandhu.com © Ravi Sandhu #12;INSTITUTE FOR CYBER SECURITY Butler

  9. Cyber Security Grand Challenges and Prognosis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandhu, Ravi

    Cyber Security Grand Challenges and Prognosis Prof. Ravi Sandhu Executive Director and Institute for Cyber Security Executive Director and Endowed Chair ravi.sandhu@utsa.edu www.profsandhu.com www.ics.utsa.edu © Ravi Sandhu World-Leading Research with Real Cyber Security Grand Challenges and Prognosis Prof. Ravi

  10. October 2012 Cyber Security Test Bed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McShea, Daniel W.

    1 October 2012 Cyber Security Test Bed Project Leads Brent Rowe, RTI International The inadequacy of U.S. small and medium businesses' cyber security poses great risk to these businesses and to all U.S. organizations and individuals.1 To test strategies for improving the level of cyber security

  11. Towards an Experimental Testbed Facility for Cyber-Physical Security Research

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Edgar, Thomas W.; Manz, David O.; Carroll, Thomas E.

    2012-01-07

    Cyber-Physical Systems (CPSs) are under great scrutiny due to large Smart Grid investments and recent high profile security vulnerabilities and attacks. Research into improved security technologies, communication models, and emergent behavior is necessary to protect these systems from sophisticated adversaries and new risks posed by the convergence of CPSs with IT equipment. However, cyber-physical security research is limited by the lack of access to universal cyber-physical testbed facilities that permit flexible, high-fidelity experiments. This paper presents a remotely-configurable and community-accessible testbed design that integrates elements from the virtual, simulated, and physical environments. Fusing data between the three environments enables the creation of realistic and scalable environments where new functionality and ideas can be exercised. This novel design will enable the research community to analyze and evaluate the security of current environments and design future, secure, cyber-physical technologies.

  12. Recommended Practice: Creating Cyber Forensics Plans for Control Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eric Cornelius; Mark Fabro

    2008-08-01

    Cyber forensics has been in the popular mainstream for some time, and has matured into an information-technology capability that is very common among modern information security programs. The goal of cyber forensics is to support the elements of troubleshooting, monitoring, recovery, and the protection of sensitive data. Moreover, in the event of a crime being committed, cyber forensics is also the approach to collecting, analyzing, and archiving data as evidence in a court of law. Although scalable to many information technology domains, especially modern corporate architectures, cyber forensics can be challenging when being applied to non-traditional environments, which are not comprised of current information technologies or are designed with technologies that do not provide adequate data storage or audit capabilities. In addition, further complexity is introduced if the environments are designed using proprietary solutions and protocols, thus limiting the ease of which modern forensic methods can be utilized. The legacy nature and somewhat diverse or disparate component aspects of control systems environments can often prohibit the smooth translation of modern forensics analysis into the control systems domain. Compounded by a wide variety of proprietary technologies and protocols, as well as critical system technologies with no capability to store significant amounts of event information, the task of creating a ubiquitous and unified strategy for technical cyber forensics on a control systems device or computing resource is far from trivial. To date, no direction regarding cyber forensics as it relates to control systems has been produced other than what might be privately available from commercial vendors. Current materials have been designed to support event recreation (event-based), and although important, these requirements do not always satisfy the needs associated with incident response or forensics that are driven by cyber incidents. To address these issues and to accommodate for the diversity in both system and architecture types, a framework based in recommended practices to address forensics in the control systems domain is required. This framework must be fully flexible to allow for deployment into any control systems environment regardless of technologies used. Moreover, the framework and practices must provide for direction on the integration of modern network security technologies with traditionally closed systems, the result being a true defense-in-depth strategy for control systems architectures. This document takes the traditional concepts of cyber forensics and forensics engineering and provides direction regarding augmentation for control systems operational environments. The goal is to provide guidance to the reader with specifics relating to the complexity of cyber forensics for control systems, guidance to allow organizations to create a self-sustaining cyber forensics program, and guidance to support the maintenance and evolution of such programs. As the current control systems cyber security community of interest is without any specific direction on how to proceed with forensics in control systems environments, this information product is intended to be a first step.

  13. National Infrastructure Simulation and Analysis Center Overview

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Berscheid, Alan P. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2012-07-30

    National Infrastructure Simulation and Analysis Center (NISAC) mission is to: (1) Improve the understanding, preparation, and mitigation of the consequences of infrastructure disruption; (2) Provide a common, comprehensive view of U.S. infrastructure and its response to disruptions - Scale & resolution appropriate to the issues and All threats; and (3) Built an operations-tested DHS capability to respond quickly to urgent infrastructure protection issues.

  14. Social infrastructure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kurlbaum, Ryan E. (Ryan Edward)

    2013-01-01

    Current urbanization patterns and aging transportation infrastructures have marginalized millions of US citizens. The result is that 4 .5 million US residents live within 100 meters of a four-lane highway' and have become ...

  15. Materials Informatics for the ICME CyberInfrastructure | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankADVANCED MANUFACTURING OFFICESpecial Report ManagementMarineLaboratory: FocusGo/No-Go

  16. Reducing Cyber Risk to Critical Infrastructure: NIST Framework | Department

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative FuelsofProgram: Report Appendices |ProjectKnowRedox Shuttle Additive, Wins 2014Waterof

  17. BROOKHAVEN NATIONAL LABORATORYS CAPABILITIES FOR ADVANCED ANALYSES OF CYBER THREATS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DePhillips M. P.

    2014-06-06

    BNL has several ongoing, mature, and successful programs and areas of core scientific expertise that readily could be modified to address problems facing national security and efforts by the IC related to securing our nation’s computer networks. In supporting these programs, BNL houses an expansive, scalable infrastructure built exclusively for transporting, storing, and analyzing large disparate data-sets. Our ongoing research projects on various infrastructural issues in computer science undoubtedly would be relevant to national security. Furthermore, BNL frequently partners with researchers in academia and industry worldwide to foster unique and innovative ideas for expanding research opportunities and extending our insights. Because the basic science conducted at BNL is unique, such projects have led to advanced techniques, unlike any others, to support our mission of discovery. Many of them are modular techniques, thus making them ideal for abstraction and retrofitting to other uses including those facing national security, specifically the safety of the nation’s cyber space.

  18. The Future of Cyber Security Prof. Ravi Sandhu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandhu, Ravi

    1 The Future of Cyber Security Prof. Ravi Sandhu Executive Director and Endowed Chair ravi! Institute for Cyber Security #12;Cyber technologies and systems have evolved Cyber security goals have TO Coupled and integrated Information assurance Mission assurance Cyber security research/practice have

  19. The Future of Cyber Security Prof. Ravi Sandhu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandhu, Ravi

    1 The Future of Cyber Security Prof. Ravi Sandhu Executive Director February 2010 ravi! Institute for Cyber Security #12;Good News, Bad News Cyber security profession will not disappear Cyber New attacks Old technologies New technologies #12;Productivity-Security Number 1 cyber-centric nation

  20. Assessment of current cybersecurity practices in the public domain : cyber indications and warnings domain.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hamlet, Jason R.; Keliiaa, Curtis M.

    2010-09-01

    This report assesses current public domain cyber security practices with respect to cyber indications and warnings. It describes cybersecurity industry and government activities, including cybersecurity tools, methods, practices, and international and government-wide initiatives known to be impacting current practice. Of particular note are the U.S. Government's Trusted Internet Connection (TIC) and 'Einstein' programs, which are serving to consolidate the Government's internet access points and to provide some capability to monitor and mitigate cyber attacks. Next, this report catalogs activities undertaken by various industry and government entities. In addition, it assesses the benchmarks of HPC capability and other HPC attributes that may lend themselves to assist in the solution of this problem. This report draws few conclusions, as it is intended to assess current practice in preparation for future work, however, no explicit references to HPC usage for the purpose of analyzing cyber infrastructure in near-real-time were found in the current practice. This report and a related SAND2010-4766 National Cyber Defense High Performance Computing and Analysis: Concepts, Planning and Roadmap report are intended to provoke discussion throughout a broad audience about developing a cohesive HPC centric solution to wide-area cybersecurity problems.

  1. Formulating Cyber-Security as Convex Optimization Problems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vigna, Giovanni

    The Flag (iCTF) hacking competition. Keywords: Cyber-Security, Convex Optimization, System Identifica- tion shopping, business-to-business transactions, etc. The disruption to cyber-missions can thus result in cyber

  2. Lessons Learned from Cyber Security Assessments of SCADA and...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Lessons Learned from Cyber Security Assessments of SCADA and Energy Management Systems Lessons Learned from Cyber Security Assessments of SCADA and Energy Management Systems...

  3. Evaluation Report on The Department's Unclassified Cyber Security...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Report on The Department's Unclassified Cyber Security Program 2002, DOEIG-0567 Evaluation Report on The Department's Unclassified Cyber Security Program 2002, DOEIG-0567 As...

  4. Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Cyber Security...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Cyber Security Project Selections Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Cyber Security Project Selections On...

  5. Using Operational Security (OPSEC) to Support a Cyber Security...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Using Operational Security (OPSEC) to Support a Cyber Security Culture in Control Systems Environments Using Operational Security (OPSEC) to Support a Cyber Security Culture in...

  6. NNSA Seeking Comments on Consolidated IT and Cyber Security Support...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    NNSA Seeking Comments on Consolidated IT and Cyber Security Support Services Draft NNSA Seeking Comments on Consolidated IT and Cyber Security Support Services Draft July 17, 2013...

  7. Before the House Subcommittee on Emerging Threats, Cyber Security...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Emerging Threats, Cyber Security and Science and Technology Committee on Homeland Security Before the House Subcommittee on Emerging Threats, Cyber Security and Science and...

  8. Safeguards and Security and Cyber Security RM

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    using security measures such as badging, pre-employment investigation and fitness for duty, training, and security awareness? Cyber Security CS-1 Has the project...

  9. Intrusion-Tolerant Self-Healing Devices for Critical Infrastructure Protection Paulo Sousa, Alysson N. Bessani, Wagner S. Dantas, Fabio Souto, Miguel Correia, Nuno F. Neves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neves, Nuno

    composition of several in- frastructures [6, 7, 8]: (1) the operational network, usually called SCADA or PCS2 access the SCADA/PCS systems through ad-hoc interconnections; (3) the Internet, through which CI users. The interconnection of these three infrastructures leads to an undesirable link between the Internet and the SCADA

  10. Energy Infrastructure Events and Expansions Infrastructure Security...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    in-Review: 2010 Energy Infrastructure Events and Expansions Infrastructure Security and Energy Restoration Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability U.S. Department of...

  11. Microgrid cyber security reference architecture.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Veitch, Cynthia K.; Henry, Jordan M.; Richardson, Bryan T.; Hart, Derek H.

    2013-07-01

    This document describes a microgrid cyber security reference architecture. First, we present a high-level concept of operations for a microgrid, including operational modes, necessary power actors, and the communication protocols typically employed. We then describe our motivation for designing a secure microgrid; in particular, we provide general network and industrial control system (ICS)-speci c vulnerabilities, a threat model, information assurance compliance concerns, and design criteria for a microgrid control system network. Our design approach addresses these concerns by segmenting the microgrid control system network into enclaves, grouping enclaves into functional domains, and describing actor communication using data exchange attributes. We describe cyber actors that can help mitigate potential vulnerabilities, in addition to performance bene ts and vulnerability mitigation that may be realized using this reference architecture. To illustrate our design approach, we present a notional a microgrid control system network implementation, including types of communica- tion occurring on that network, example data exchange attributes for actors in the network, an example of how the network can be segmented to create enclaves and functional domains, and how cyber actors can be used to enforce network segmentation and provide the neces- sary level of security. Finally, we describe areas of focus for the further development of the reference architecture.

  12. Interoperable and Secure Communication for Cyber Physical Systems in the Energy Grid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Eun Kyu

    2014-01-01

    Electric Sector Cyber- security Organization Resource (Grid Interoperability Panel - Cyber Security Working Group.Guidelines for Smart Grid Cyber Security. Sep. 2010. [84] M.

  13. A Real-Time Testbed Environment for Cyber-Physical Security on the Power Grid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koutsandria, Georgia; Gentz, Reinhard; Jamei, Mahdi; Peisert, Sean; Scaglione, Anna; McParland, Chuck

    2015-01-01

    and D. Nicol. SCADA Cyber Security Testbed Development. InOperation, Control and Cyber Security. In Proc. of the Northfully simulated testbed for cyber security of SCADA systems.

  14. Challenges of Cyber Security Education at the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandhu, Ravi

    for Graduate education in many high-tech high What is special about cyber security? Inertia will not fix-Leading Research with Real This is a challenge for Graduate education tech high-touch areas. What is special about with Real-World Impact! #12;Graduate Cyber Security Education Tech- Light Tech- Medium World

  15. Cyber Security in Smart Grid Substations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    Cyber Security in Smart Grid Substations Thijs Baars Lucas van den Bemd Michail Theuns Robin van.089 3508 TB Utrecht The Netherlands #12;CYBER SECURITY IN SMART GRID SUBSTATIONS Thijs Baars T.Brinkkemper@uu.nl Abstract. This report describes the state of smart grid security in Europe, specifically the Netherlands

  16. Engineering Resilient Cyber-Physical Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Engineering Resilient Cyber-Physical Systems Future Grid Thrust Area 6 White Paper Power Systems Engineering Research Center Empowering Minds to Engineer the Future Electric Energy System #12;Thrust Area 6 White Paper Engineering Resilient Cyber-Physical Systems Project Team Thomas J. Overbye University

  17. Cyber-Security of Networked Control Systems Karl Henrik Johansson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johansson, Karl Henrik

    7/3/12 1 Cyber-Security of Networked Control Systems Karl Henrik Johansson #12;7/3/12 2 Recent Cyber-ARacks on Control Systems Cyber-Security of Networked to cyber-threats with many poten@al points of aRacks · How

  18. The Science, Engineering, and Business of Cyber Security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandhu, Ravi

    1 The Science, Engineering, and Business of Cyber Security Prof. Ravi Sandhu Executive Director, Institute for Cyber Security Lutcher Brown Endowed Chair in Cyber Security COS Research Conference October-Leading Research with Real-World Impact! Institute for Cyber Security #12;Founded in 2007 to be a world leader

  19. The Science, Engineering, and Business of Cyber Security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandhu, Ravi

    The Science, Engineering, and Business of Cyber Security Prof. Ravi Sandhu Executive Director, Institute for Cyber Security Lutcher Brown Endowed Chair in Cyber Security University of Texas at San Sandhu World-Leading Research with Real-World Impact! Institute for Cyber Security 1 #12;© Ravi Sandhu 2

  20. Cyber Security Major R&D Challenges Ram Krishnan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandhu, Ravi

    1 Cyber Security Major R&D Challenges Ram Krishnan http://engineering.utsa.edu/~krishnan/ Cyber Security Research Institute (CSRI) Cyber Security R&D Workshop April 19-20, 2012 World-Leading Research with Real-World Impact! Institute for Cyber Security Prof. Ravi Sandhu conveys his regrets for inability

  1. The Science, Engineering, and Business of Cyber Security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandhu, Ravi

    The Science, Engineering, and Business of Cyber Security Prof. Ravi Sandhu Executive Director, Institute for Cyber Security Lutcher Brown Endowed Chair in Cyber Security University of Texas at San.ics.utsa.edu © Ravi Sandhu World-Leading Research with Real-World Impact! Institute for Cyber Security 1 #12;© Ravi

  2. Assistant Professor of Computer Science, specializing in Cyber Security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Assistant Professor of Computer Science, specializing in Cyber Security AD-1701-03 Department entering the Cyber Corps, and a few PhD students. They are all exceptional. We specialize in cyber security of San Jose and Silicon Valley and very well connected in the U.S. Navy and DOD cyber security and big

  3. Challenges of Cyber Security Education at the Graduate Level

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandhu, Ravi

    1 Challenges of Cyber Security Education at the Graduate Level Ravi Sandhu Executive Director World-Leading Research with Real-World Impact! Institute for Cyber Security #12;Cyber technologies and systems have evolved Cyber security goals have evolved Computer security Information security

  4. Report: Cyber-Physical Systems Summit 1. Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rajkumar, Ragunathan "Raj"

    1 Report: Cyber-Physical Systems Summit 1. Introduction The Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS) Summit for future cyber- physical systems; (b) the key technical challenges and the new scientific foundations required for cyber-physical systems; and (c) elements of an effective research program that will assure

  5. Mathematical and Statistical Opportunities in Cyber Security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meza, Juan; Bailey, David

    2009-01-01

    The role of mathematics in a complex system such as the Internet has yet to be deeply explored. In this paper, we summarize some of the important and pressing problems in cyber security from the viewpoint of open science environments. We start by posing the question "What fundamental problems exist within cyber security research that can be helped by advanced mathematics and statistics?" Our first and most important assumption is that access to real-world data is necessary to understand large and complex systems like the Internet. Our second assumption is that many proposed cyber security solutions could critically damage both the openness and the productivity of scientific research. After examining a range of cyber security problems, we come to the conclusion that the field of cyber security poses a rich set of new and exciting research opportunities for the mathematical and statistical sciences.

  6. Gamification for Measuring Cyber Security Situational Awareness

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fink, Glenn A.; Best, Daniel M.; Manz, David O.; Popovsky, V. M.; Endicott-Popovsky, Barbara E.

    2013-03-01

    Cyber defense competitions arising from U.S. service academy exercises, offer a platform for collecting data that can inform research that ranges from characterizing the ideal cyber warrior to describing behaviors during certain challenging cyber defense situations. This knowledge could lead to better preparation of cyber defenders in both military and civilian settings. This paper describes how one regional competition, the PRCCDC, a participant in the national CCDC program, conducted proof of concept experimentation to collect data during the annual competition for later analysis. The intent is to create an ongoing research agenda that expands on this current work and incorporates augmented cognition and gamification methods for measuring cybersecurity situational awareness under the stress of cyber attack.

  7. A Cyber Security Study of a SCADA Energy Management System: Stealthy Deception Attacks on the State Estimator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Teixeira, André; Sandberg, Henrik; Johansson, Karl H

    2010-01-01

    The electrical power network is a critical infrastructure in today's society, so its safe and reliable operation is of major concern. State estimators are commonly used in power networks, for example, to detect faulty equipment and to optimally route power flows. The estimators are often located in control centers, to which large numbers of measurements are sent over unencrypted communication channels. Therefore cyber security for state estimators becomes an important issue. In this paper we analyze the cyber security of state estimators in supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) for energy management systems (EMS) operating the power network. Current EMS state estimation algorithms have bad data detection (BDD) schemes to detect outliers in the measurement data. Such schemes are based on high measurement redundancy. Although these methods may detect a set of basic cyber attacks, they may fail in the presence of an intelligent attacker. We explore the latter by considering scenarios where stealthy de...

  8. Assessment And Testing of Industrial Devices Robustness Against Cyber Security Attacks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tilaro, F

    2011-01-01

    CERN (European Organization for Nuclear Research),like any organization, needs to achieve the conflicting objectives of connecting its operational network to Internet while at the same time keeping its industrial control systems secure from external and internal cyber attacks. With this in mind, the ISA-99[0F1] international cyber security standard has been adopted at CERN as a reference model to define a set of guidelines and security robustness criteria applicable to any network device. Devices robustness represents a key link in the defense-in-depth concept as some attacks will inevitably penetrate security boundaries and thus require further protection measures. When assessing the cyber security robustness of devices we have singled out control system-relevant attack patterns derived from the well-known CAPEC[1F2] classification. Once a vulnerability is identified, it needs to be documented, prioritized and reproduced at will in a dedicated test environment for debugging purposes. CERN - in collaboration ...

  9. On A Way to Improve Cyber-Insurer Profits When a Security Vendor Becomes the Cyber-Insurer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    On A Way to Improve Cyber-Insurer Profits When a Security Vendor Becomes the Cyber-Insurer Ranjan of an insurance-driven security ecosystem. Such an ecosystem comprises of a set of market elements (e.g., cyber. In this paper, we model a security vendor (e.g., Symantec, Microsoft) as a cyber-insurer, thereby making

  10. Scanning the Technology Energy Infrastructure Defense Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amin, S. Massoud

    -free electricity; banking and finance depends on the robustness of electric power, cable, and wireless infrastructures and increased demand for high-quality and reliable electricity for our digital economy is becoming, and algorithmic develop- ments. Keywords--Critical infrastructure protection, electric power grid, emergency

  11. Secure control systems with application to cyber-physical systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dong, Jin; Djouadi, Seddik M; Nutaro, James J; Kuruganti, Phani Teja

    2014-01-01

    Control systems are computer-based systems with networked units consisting of sensors, actuators, control processing units, and communication devices. The role of control system is to interact, monitor, and control physical processes. Reactive power control is a fundamental issue in ensuring the security of the power network. It is claimed that Synchronous Condensers (SC) have been used at both distribution and transmission voltage levels to improve stability and to maintain voltages within desired limits under changing load conditions and contingency situations. Performance of PI controller corresponding to various tripping faults are analyzed for SC systems. Most of the eort in protecting these systems has been in protection against random failures or reliability. However, besides failures these systems are subject to various signal attacks for which new analysis are discussed here. When a breach does occur, it is necessary to react in a time commensurate with the physical dynamics of the system as it responds to the attack. Failure to act swiftly enough may result in undesirable, and possibly irreversible, physical eects. Therefore, it is meaningful to evaluate the security of a cyber-physical system, especially to protect it from cyber-attack. Illustrative numerical examples are provided together with an application to the SC systems.

  12. Quantifying the Impact of Unavailability in Cyber-Physical Environments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aissa, Anis Ben; Abercrombie, Robert K; Sheldon, Federick T.; Mili, Ali

    2014-01-01

    The Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) system discussed in this work manages a distributed control network for the Tunisian Electric & Gas Utility. The network is dispersed over a large geographic area that monitors and controls the flow of electricity/gas from both remote and centralized locations. The availability of the SCADA system in this context is critical to ensuring the uninterrupted delivery of energy, including safety, security, continuity of operations and revenue. Such SCADA systems are the backbone of national critical cyber-physical infrastructures. Herein, we propose adapting the Mean Failure Cost (MFC) metric for quantifying the cost of unavailability. This new metric combines the classic availability formulation with MFC. The resulting metric, so-called Econometric Availability (EA), offers a computational basis to evaluate a system in terms of the gain/loss ($/hour of operation) that affects each stakeholder due to unavailability.

  13. Control Systems Cyber Security: Defense-in-Depth Strategies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mark Fabro

    2007-10-01

    Information infrastructures across many public and private domains share several common attributes regarding IT deployments and data communications. This is particularly true in the control systems domain. A majority of the systems use robust architectures to enhance business and reduce costs by increasing the integration of external, business, and control system networks. However, multi-network integration strategies often lead to vulnerabilities that greatly reduce the security of an organization, and can expose mission-critical control systems to cyber threats. This document provides guidance and direction for developing ‘defense-in-depth’ strategies for organizations that use control system networks while maintaining a multi-tier information architecture that requires: • Maintenance of various field devices, telemetry collection, and/or industrial-level process systems • Access to facilities via remote data link or modem • Public facing services for customer or corporate operations • A robust business environment that requires connections among the control system domain, the external Internet, and other peer organizations.

  14. Control Systems Cyber Security:Defense in Depth Strategies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    David Kuipers; Mark Fabro

    2006-05-01

    Information infrastructures across many public and private domains share several common attributes regarding IT deployments and data communications. This is particularly true in the control systems domain. A majority of the systems use robust architectures to enhance business and reduce costs by increasing the integration of external, business, and control system networks. However, multi-network integration strategies often lead to vulnerabilities that greatly reduce the security of an organization, and can expose mission-critical control systems to cyber threats. This document provides guidance and direction for developing ‘defense-in-depth’ strategies for organizations that use control system networks while maintaining a multi-tier information architecture that requires: Maintenance of various field devices, telemetry collection, and/or industrial-level process systems Access to facilities via remote data link or modem Public facing services for customer or corporate operations A robust business environment that requires connections among the control system domain, the external Internet, and other peer organizations.

  15. National cyber defense high performance computing and analysis : concepts, planning and roadmap.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hamlet, Jason R.; Keliiaa, Curtis M.

    2010-09-01

    There is a national cyber dilemma that threatens the very fabric of government, commercial and private use operations worldwide. Much is written about 'what' the problem is, and though the basis for this paper is an assessment of the problem space, we target the 'how' solution space of the wide-area national information infrastructure through the advancement of science, technology, evaluation and analysis with actionable results intended to produce a more secure national information infrastructure and a comprehensive national cyber defense capability. This cybersecurity High Performance Computing (HPC) analysis concepts, planning and roadmap activity was conducted as an assessment of cybersecurity analysis as a fertile area of research and investment for high value cybersecurity wide-area solutions. This report and a related SAND2010-4765 Assessment of Current Cybersecurity Practices in the Public Domain: Cyber Indications and Warnings Domain report are intended to provoke discussion throughout a broad audience about developing a cohesive HPC centric solution to wide-area cybersecurity problems.

  16. Managing Critical Infrastructures C.I.M. Suite

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2013-05-28

    protect infrastructure during natural disasters, terrorist attacks and electrical outages. For more information about INL research, visit http://www.facebook.com/idahonationallaboratory.

  17. Evaluation Report on "The Department's Unclassified Cyber Security Program"

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2009-10-01

    Industry experts report that security challenges and threats are continually evolving as malicious activity has become more web-based and attackers are able to rapidly adapt their attack methods. In addition, the number of data breaches continues to rise. In an effort to mitigate and address threats and protect valuable information, the Department of Energy anticipated spending about $275 million in Fiscal Year (FY) 2009 to implement cyber security measures necessary to protect its information technology resources. These systems and data are designed to support the Department's mission and business lines of energy security, nuclear security, scientific discovery and innovation, and environmental responsibility. The Federal Information Security Management Act of 2002 (FISMA) provides direction to agencies on the management and oversight of information security risks, including design and implementation of controls to protect Federal information and systems. As required by FISMA, the Office of Inspector General conducts an annual independent evaluation to determine whether the Department's unclassified cyber security program adequately protects its information systems and data. This memorandum and the attached report present the results of our evaluation for FY 2009. The Department continued to make incremental improvements in its unclassified cyber security program. Our evaluation disclosed that most sites had taken action to address weaknesses previously identified in our FY 2008 evaluation report. They improved certification and accreditation of systems; strengthened configuration management of networks and systems; performed independent assessments; and, developed and/or refined certain policies and procedures. In addition, the Department instituted a centralized incident response organization designed to eliminate duplicative efforts throughout the Department. As we have noted in previous reports, the Department continued to maintain strong network perimeter defenses against malicious intruders and other externals threats. These are positive accomplishments. However, in our judgment, additional action is required to further enhance the Department's unclassified cyber security program and help reduce risks to its systems and data. For example, our current review identified opportunities for improvements in areas such as security planning and testing, systems inventory, access controls, and configuration management. In particular, we issued a number of findings at sites managed by the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA). We also identified weaknesses across various Department program elements. Issues that warrant further attention include: (1) Weaknesses such as outdated security plans and not completing annual security control self-assessments were identified at several sites; (2) The Department had not yet resolved systems inventory issues and had yet to deploy a complex-wide automated asset management tool to help track information technology resources and identify interfaces between systems or networks; (3) Although certain improvements had been made to enhance access controls, we noted deficiencies such as a lack of periodic account reviews and inadequate password management at a number of sites; and (4) Previously identified weaknesses in configuration management had been corrected, however, we found problems related to weak administrator account settings and failure to install software patches, as well as incomplete implementation of the Federal Desktop Core Configuration. These internal control weaknesses existed, at least in part, because certain cyber security roles and responsibilities were not clearly delineated. Program officials also had not effectively performed monitoring and review activities essential for evaluating the adequacy of cyber security performance. In some cases, officials had not ensured that weaknesses discovered during audits and other evaluations were recorded and tracked to resolution in the organizations' Plans of Action and Milestones. Our testing disclosed that about 39 p

  18. Chapter_14_Cyber_Security

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i n c i p a lCaribElectricSouthApplying caulkChapter 9 of the LANL34SpecialCyber

  19. Handling Cyber Security Alerts and Advisories and Reporting Cyber Security Incidents

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2002-03-18

    To establish Department of Energy (DOE) requirements and responsibilities for reporting cyber security incidents involving classified and unclassified systems and responding to cyber security alerts and advisories; and to implement requirements of DOE N 205.1, Unclassified Cyber Security Program, and DOE M 471.2-2, Classified Information Systems Security Manual. DOE N 205.13, dated 7-6-04, extends this notice until 7-6-05. Cancels DOE M 471.2-2, Chapter III, section 8.

  20. Towards A Theory of Autonomous Reconstitution of Compromised Cyber-Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ramuhalli, Pradeep; Halappanavar, Mahantesh; Coble, Jamie B.; Dixit, Mukul

    2013-11-12

    The ability to maintain mission-critical operations in cyber-systems in the face of disruptions is critical. Faults in cyber systems can come from accidental sources (e.g., natural failure of a component) or deliberate sources (e.g., an intelligent adversary). Natural and intentional manipulation of data, computing, or coordination are the most impactful ways that an attacker can prevent an infrastructure from realizing its mission goals. Under these conditions, the ability to reconstitute critical infrastructure becomes important. Specifically, the question is: Given an intelligent adversary, how can cyber systems respond to keep critical infrastructure operational? In cyber systems, the distributed nature of the system poses serious difficulties in maintaining operations, in part due to the fact that a centralized command and control apparatus is unlikely to provide a robust framework for resilience. Resilience in cyber-systems, in general, has several components, and requires the ability to anticipate and withstand attacks or faults, as well as recover from faults and evolve the system to improve future resilience. The recovery effort (and any subsequent evolution) may require significant reconfiguration of the system (at all levels – hardware, software, services, permissions, etc.) if the system is to be made resilient to further attack or faults. This is especially important in the case of ongoing attacks, where reconfiguration decisions must be taken with care to avoid further compromising the system while maintaining continuity of operations. Collectively, we will label this recovery and evolution process as “reconstitution”. Currently, reconstitution is performed manually, generally after-the-fact, and usually consists of either standing up redundant systems, check-points (rolling back the configuration to a “clean” state), or re-creating the system using “gold-standard” copies. For enterprise systems, such reconstitution may be performed either directly on hardware, or using virtual machines. A significant challenge within this context is the ability to verify that the reconstitution is performed in a manner that renders the cyber-system resilient to ongoing and future attacks or faults. Fundamentally, the need is to determine optimal configuration of the cyber system when a fault is determined to be present. While existing theories for fault tolerance (for example, Byzantine fault tolerance) can guarantee resilience under certain conditions, in practice, these theories can break down in the face of an intelligent adversary. Further, it is difficult, in a dynamically evolving environment, to determine whether the necessary conditions for resilience have been met, resulting in difficulties in achieving resilient operation. In addition, existing theories do not sufficiently take into account the cost for attack and defense (the adversary is generally assumed to have infinite resources and time), hierarchy of importance (all network resources are assumed to be equally important), and the dynamic nature of some attacks (i.e., as the attack evolves, can resilience be maintained?). Alternative approaches to resilience based on a centralized command and control structure suffer from a single-point-failure. This paper presents preliminary research towards concepts for effective autonomous reconstitution of compromised cyber systems. We describe a mathematical framework as a first step towards a theoretical basis for autonomous reconstitution in dynamic cyber-system environments. We then propose formulating autonomous reconstitution as an optimization problem and describe some of the challenges associated with this formulation. This is followed by a brief discussion on potential solutions to these challenges.

  1. RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURES Roadmap 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Horn, David

    RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURES FOR FRANCE Roadmap 2008 #12;INTRODUCTION European research infrastructures and development, benefiting to Europe's economy and competitiveness. This roadmap for the research infrastructures....................................................................................................6 3. The roadmap: existing and already decided RIs and others at the planning stage

  2. INFRASTRUCTURE SECURITY & ENERGY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schrijver, Karel

    INFRASTRUCTURE SECURITY & ENERGY RESTORATION OFFICE of ELECTRICITY DELIVERY & ENERGY RELIABILITY Real Time Monitoring of Energy Infrastructure Status Patrick Willging, PE Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability #12;INFRASTRUCTURE SECURITY & ENERGY RESTORATION OFFICE of ELECTRICITY

  3. Simplifying Cyber Foraging Rajesh Krishna Balan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ; iv #12; Abstract The rapid proliferation of mobile handheld computing devices, such as cellphones for cyber foraging. To create RapidRe, I first developed a powerful remote execution system, called Chroma

  4. Simplifying Cyber Foraging Rajesh Krishna Balan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    #12;Abstract The rapid proliferation of mobile handheld computing devices, such as cellphones and PDAs for cyber foraging. To create RapidRe, I first developed a powerful remote execution system, called Chroma

  5. Realizing Scientific Methods for Cyber Security

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carroll, Thomas E.; Manz, David O.; Edgar, Thomas W.; Greitzer, Frank L.

    2012-07-18

    There is little doubt among cyber security researchers about the lack of scientic rigor that underlies much of the liter-ature. The issues are manifold and are well documented. Further complicating the problem is insufficient scientic methods to address these issues. Cyber security melds man and machine: we inherit the challenges of computer science, sociology, psychology, and many other elds and create new ones where these elds interface. In this paper we detail a partial list of challenges imposed by rigorous science and survey how other sciences have tackled them, in the hope of applying a similar approach to cyber security science. This paper is by no means comprehensive: its purpose is to foster discussion in the community on how we can improve rigor in cyber security science.

  6. Hydrogen and Infrastructure Costs

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    FUEL CELL TECHNOLOGIES PROGRAM Hydrogen and Infrastructure Costs Hydrogen Infrastructure Market Readiness Workshop Washington D.C. February 17, 2011 Fred Joseck U.S. Department of...

  7. Cyber Security Audit and Attack Detection Toolkit

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peterson, Dale

    2012-05-31

    This goal of this project was to develop cyber security audit and attack detection tools for industrial control systems (ICS). Digital Bond developed and released a tool named Bandolier that audits ICS components commonly used in the energy sector against an optimal security configuration. The Portaledge Project developed a capability for the PI Historian, the most widely used Historian in the energy sector, to aggregate security events and detect cyber attacks.

  8. Cyber Security Audit and Attack Detection Toolkit: National SCADA...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    National SCADA Test Bed May 2008 Cyber Security Audit and Attack Detection Toolkit: National SCADA Test Bed May 2008 This project of the cyber security audit and attack detection...

  9. Designed-in Security for Cyber-Physical Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peisert, Sean; Margulies, Jonathan; Nicol, David M; Khurana, Himanshu; Sawall, Chris

    2014-01-01

    ROUNDTABLE Designed-in Security for Cyber-Physical Systemsin security”: one from academia, one from a cyber-physicalcyber inci- dent while sustaining critical func- tions. ” Without designed-in security

  10. cyber

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal GasAdministration Medal01 Sandia4) August 20123/%2A en46A NAME6/%2A encore values8/%2A en

  11. A Framework for Modeling Cyber-Physical Switching Attacks in Smart Grid 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Shan; Mashayekh, Salman; Kundur, Deepa; Zourntos, Takis; Butler-Purry, Karen

    2014-01-02

    - gency response,’’ in Proc. Summer Comput. Simul. Conf., Jul. 2007, pp. 1230–1237. [3] B. Rozel, M. Viziteu, R. Caire, N. Hadjsaid, and J.-P. Rognon, ‘‘Towards a common model for studying critical infrastructure interdependencies,’’ in Proc. IEEE Power.... IEEE Power Syst. Conf. Exposit., Mar. 2009, pp. 1–6. [5] J. Stamp, A. McIntyre, and B. Ricardson, ‘‘Reliability impacts from cyber attack on electric power systems,’’ in Proc. IEEE Power Syst. Conf. Exposit., Mar. 2009, pp. 1–8. [6] S. Sheng, W. L. Chan...

  12. Master of Science in Applied Cyber Operations(MACO)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -2) * Introduction to Computer Security CS3690 (4-1) * Network Security CY3300 (4-0) Cyber Communications Ops. or CY4710 (2-5) Cyber Wargame: Red Force Ops. CS3670 (3-2) * Secure Management of Systems * Cyber Security Fundamentals Track & Graduate Certificate #12;

  13. What is the Game in Cyber Security? Ravi Sandhu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandhu, Ravi

    1 What is the Game in Cyber Security? Ravi Sandhu Executive Director and Endowed Professor February with Real-World Impact! Institute for Cyber Security #12; Multiple games at multiple levels More than 2 than offense Most important recommendation cyber security needs to be a proactive rather than

  14. Speculations on the Future of Cyber Security in 2025

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandhu, Ravi

    1 Speculations on the Future of Cyber Security in 2025 Prof. Ravi Sandhu Executive Director January with Real-World Impact! Institute for Cyber Security #12;Two Big Drivers Security can never hold back Cyber security is a young and immature field The attackers are more innovative than defenders

  15. Towards Secure Information Sharing Models for Community Cyber Security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandhu, Ravi

    Towards Secure Information Sharing Models for Community Cyber Security Ravi Sandhu, Ram Krishnan and Gregory B. White Institute for Cyber Security University of Texas at San Antonio #12;Secure Information ­ Security mechanisms such as authentication, cryptography, trusted hardware, etc. #12;Community Cyber

  16. Small-Scale Cyber Security Competitions Mike O'Leary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Leary, Michael

    Small-Scale Cyber Security Competitions Mike O'Leary Towson University 16th Colloquium-Scale Cyber Security Competitions CISSE 2012 1 / 25 #12;Regional & National Competitions National Collegiate the Flag Competition M. O'Leary (Towson University) Small-Scale Cyber Security Competitions CISSE 2012 2

  17. Center for Cyber-Security, Information Privacy, and Trust

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Dongwon

    Center for Cyber-Security, Information Privacy, and Trust http://cybersecurity.ist.psu.edu Dr. Peng Liu, Director pliu@ist.psu.edu Center for Cyber-Security, Information Privacy, and Trust 16802-6822 The Center for Cyber-Security, Information Privacy, and Trust, aka Lions Center

  18. Cyber-security Research Ethics Dialogue & Strategy Erin Kenneally

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at San Diego, University of

    Cyber-security Research Ethics Dialogue & Strategy Workshop Erin Kenneally CAIDA/UC, San Diego La The inaugural Cyber-security Research Ethics Dialogue & Strat- egy Workshop was held on May 23, 2013 of "ethics-by-design" in the context of cyber security research, and aimed to: · Educate participants about

  19. INSTITUTE FOR CYBER SECURITY Application-Centric Security Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandhu, Ravi

    INSTITUTE FOR CYBER SECURITY 1 Application-Centric Security Models Prof. Ravi Sandhu Executive Director and Endowed Chair Institute for Cyber Security University of Texas at San Antonio July 2009 ravi.sandhu@utsa.edu www.profsandhu.com © Ravi Sandhu #12;INSTITUTE FOR CYBER SECURITY Dr. Robert W. Gracy Vice President

  20. Speculations on the Future of Cyber Security in 2025

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandhu, Ravi

    1 Speculations on the Future of Cyber Security in 2025 Prof. Ravi Sandhu Executive Director and Chief Scientist Institute for Cyber Security University of Texas at San Antonio November 2009 ravi;Two Big Drivers Security can never hold back technology Cyber and physical space are increasingly

  1. INSTITUTE FOR CYBER SECURITY Application-Centric Security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandhu, Ravi

    INSTITUTE FOR CYBER SECURITY Application-Centric Security: How to Get There Prof. Ravi Sandhu Executive Director and Endowed Chair Institute for Cyber Security (ICS) University of Texas at San Antonio Executive Director and Endowed Chair Institute for Cyber Security (ICS) University of Texas at San Antonio

  2. On the Complexity of Verifying Cyber-Physical Security Protocols

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nigam, Vivek

    On the Complexity of Verifying Cyber-Physical Security Protocols Max Kanovich, Tajana Ban Kirigin agents. We classify such security protocols as Cyber-Physical.6 The key elements of such protocols important class of Bounded Memory Cyber-Physical Security19 Protocols with a Memory Bounded Intruder

  3. Towards Secure Information Sharing Models for Community Cyber Security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandhu, Ravi

    Towards Secure Information Sharing Models for Community Cyber Security Ravi Sandhu Dept. of Computer Science Institute for Cyber Security University of Texas at San Antonio Email: ravi.sandhu@utsa.edu Ram Krishnan Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering Institute for Cyber Security University

  4. Digital Disaster, Cyber Security, and the Copenhagen School

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nissenbaum, Helen

    Digital Disaster, Cyber Security, and the Copenhagen School Lene Hansen University of Copenhagen and Helen Nissenbaum New York University This article is devoted to an analysis of cyber security, a concept is devoted to an analysis of ``cyber security,'' a concept that arrived on the post-Cold War agenda

  5. INSTITUTE FOR CYBER SECURITY The PEI Framework for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandhu, Ravi

    INSTITUTE FOR CYBER SECURITY 1 The PEI Framework for Application-Centric Security Prof. Ravi Sandhu Executive Director and Endowed Chair Institute for Cyber Security University of Texas at San Antonio May Presented by: Ram Krishnan, GMU #12;INSTITUTE FOR CYBER SECURITY Application Context Our Basic Premise

  6. Evolving OWA Operators for Cyber Security Decision Making Problems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aickelin, Uwe

    Evolving OWA Operators for Cyber Security Decision Making Problems Simon Miller Jonathan M cyber security experts took part in an exercise in which they independently assessed a realistic system--Ordered Weighted Average, Evolutionary Algo- rithms, Simulated Annealing, Cyber Security, Expert Decision Making I

  7. INSTITUTE FOR CYBER SECURITY Application-Centric Security Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandhu, Ravi

    INSTITUTE FOR CYBER SECURITY 1 Application-Centric Security Models Prof. Ravi Sandhu Executive Director and Endowed Chair Institute for Cyber Security University of Texas at San Antonio June 2009 ravi.sandhu@utsa.edu www.profsandhu.com © Ravi Sandhu #12;INSTITUTE FOR CYBER SECURITY Dr. Robert W. Gracy Vice President

  8. Physically Informed Assertions for Cyber Physical Systems Development and Debugging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Julien, Christine

    Physically Informed Assertions for Cyber Physical Systems Development and Debugging Xi Zheng The University of Texas at Austin Email: jameszhengxi@utexas.edu Abstract--Cyber Physical Systems (CPS), widely used in per- vasive computing, integrate computation in the cyber world with control of physical

  9. Interdependence of Electricity System Infrastructure and Natural...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Interdependence of Electricity System Infrastructure and Natural Gas Infrastructure - EAC 2011 Interdependence of Electricity System Infrastructure and Natural Gas Infrastructure -...

  10. Embracing the Cloud for Better Cyber Security

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shue, Craig A; Lagesse, Brent J

    2011-01-01

    The future of cyber security is inextricably tied to the future of computing. Organizational needs and economic factors will drive computing outcomes. Cyber security researchers and practitioners must recognize the path of computing evolution and position themselves to influence the process to incorporate security as an inherent property. The best way to predict future computing trends is to look at recent developments and their motivations. Organizations are moving towards outsourcing their data storage, computation, and even user desktop environments. This trend toward cloud computing has a direct impact on cyber security: rather than securing user machines, preventing malware access, and managing removable media, a cloud-based security scheme must focus on enabling secure communication with remote systems. This change in approach will have profound implications for cyber security research efforts. In this work, we highlight existing and emerging technologies and the limitations of cloud computing systems. We then discuss the cyber security efforts that would support these applications. Finally, we discuss the implications of these computing architecture changes, in particular with respect to malware and social engineering.

  11. Toward Developing Genetic Algorithms to Aid in Critical Infrastructure Modeling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2007-05-01

    Today’s society relies upon an array of complex national and international infrastructure networks such as transportation, telecommunication, financial and energy. Understanding these interdependencies is necessary in order to protect our critical infrastructure. The Critical Infrastructure Modeling System, CIMS©, examines the interrelationships between infrastructure networks. CIMS© development is sponsored by the National Security Division at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) in its ongoing mission for providing critical infrastructure protection and preparedness. A genetic algorithm (GA) is an optimization technique based on Darwin’s theory of evolution. A GA can be coupled with CIMS© to search for optimum ways to protect infrastructure assets. This includes identifying optimum assets to enforce or protect, testing the addition of or change to infrastructure before implementation, or finding the optimum response to an emergency for response planning. This paper describes the addition of a GA to infrastructure modeling for infrastructure planning. It first introduces the CIMS© infrastructure modeling software used as the modeling engine to support the GA. Next, the GA techniques and parameters are defined. Then a test scenario illustrates the integration with CIMS© and the preliminary results.

  12. SESSION: CYBER-PHYSICAL SYSTEM SECURITY IN A SMART GRID ENVIROMENT 1 Cyber-Security of SCADA Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johansson, Karl Henrik

    SESSION: CYBER-PHYSICAL SYSTEM SECURITY IN A SMART GRID ENVIROMENT 1 Cyber-Security of SCADA Estimators in SCADA systems is scrutinized. Index Terms--Cyber-Security, SCADA Systems, AGC, State Estimators in our society [1]. Large power systems are nowadays very complex and tightly coupled with the SCADA

  13. Quantifying Availability in SCADA Environments Using the Cyber Security Metric MFC

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aissa, Anis Ben; Rabai, Latifa Ben Arfa; Abercrombie, Robert K; Sheldon, Frederick T; Mili, Ali

    2014-01-01

    Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) systems are distributed networks dispersed over large geographic areas that aim to monitor and control industrial processes from remote areas and/or a centralized location. They are used in the management of critical infrastructures such as electric power generation, transmission and distribution, water and sewage, manufacturing/industrial manufacturing as well as oil and gas production. The availability of SCADA systems is tantamount to assuring safety, security and profitability. SCADA systems are the backbone of the national cyber-physical critical infrastructure. Herein, we explore the definition and quantification of an econometric measure of availability, as it applies to SCADA systems; our metric is a specialization of the generic measure of mean failure cost.

  14. Study of Security Attributes of Smart Grid Systems- Current Cyber Security Issues

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wayne F. Boyer; Scott A. McBride

    2009-04-01

    This document provides information for a report to congress on Smart Grid security as required by Section 1309 of Title XIII of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007. The security of any future Smart Grid is dependent on successfully addressing the cyber security issues associated with the nation’s current power grid. Smart Grid will utilize numerous legacy systems and technologies that are currently installed. Therefore, known vulnerabilities in these legacy systems must be remediated and associated risks mitigated in order to increase the security and success of the Smart Grid. The implementation of Smart Grid will include the deployment of many new technologies and multiple communication infrastructures. This report describes the main technologies that support Smart Grid and summarizes the status of implementation into the existing U.S. electrical infrastructure.

  15. Storage and Infrastructure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Madey, Gregory R.

    ;Cheaper to Collect RFIDs Sensor Nets The WWW, Screen Scraping, Google Searches Life in CyberSpace - Log Files, Digital Traces, MetaData Faster Computers ==> More Data to Study #12;Data Driven Discovery Organizations, Cyberinfrastructure #12;Research Opportunities & Challenges Sensors, Sensor Networks Storage

  16. Cyber Train Videos | The Ames Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submit theCovalent Bonding inCustomer-Comments Sign In AboutCyber Train Videos Cyber

  17. Financing infrastructure projects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eid, Serge Emile

    2008-01-01

    Infrastructure is of great importance to the development and economic growth of communities. Due to the increased demand on sophisticated infrastructure, governments' budgets are not anymore able to satisfy this growing ...

  18. National Environmental Information Infrastructure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenslade, Diana

    National Environmental Information Infrastructure: Reference Architecture Contributing to the Australian Government National Plan for Environmental Information initiative #12;National Environmental Information Infrastructure: Reference Architecture v1.1 Environmental Information Programme Publication Series

  19. Energy, Climate & Infrastructure Security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Energy, Climate & Infrastructure Security EXCEPTIONAL SERVICE IN THE NATIONAL INTEREST Sandia, and reactorsystemoverviews. Training in Action: Gulf Nuclear Energy InfrastructureInstitute In2011,SandiateamedwiththeNuclearSecurity energy safety, security,safeguards,andnonproliferation. Training Sandia National Laboratories experts

  20. Cyber safety : a systems thinking and systems theory approach to managing cyber security risks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salim, Hamid M

    2014-01-01

    If we are to manage cyber security risks more effectively in today's complex and dynamic Web 2.0 environment, then a new way of thinking is needed to complement traditional approaches. According to Symantec's 2014 Internet ...

  1. Department of Energy Cyber Security Program

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2011-05-16

    The order sets forth requirements and responsibilities for a Departmental Cyber Security Program. Cancels DOE O 205.1A, DOE M 205.1-4, DOE M 205.1-5, DOE M 205.1-6, DOE M 205.1-7 and DOE M 205.1-8

  2. Department of Energy Cyber Security Program

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2012-12-06

    Modifications correct changes to the composition of Senior DOE Management organizations, name change from DOE Cyber Incident Response Capability to Joint Cybersecurity Coordination Center and transfer of responsibility for communications security and TEMPEST to the Office of Health, Safety and Security.

  3. Foreign National Access to DOE Cyber Systems

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    1999-11-01

    DOE N 205.16, dated 9-15-05, extends this Notice until 9-30-06, unless sooner rescinded. To ensure foreign national access to DOE cyber systems continues to advance DOE program objectives while enforcing information access restrictions.

  4. Shopping For Danger: E-commerce techniques applied to collaboration in cyber security

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bruce, Joseph R.; Fink, Glenn A.

    2012-05-24

    Collaboration among cyber security analysts is essential to a successful protection strategy on the Internet today, but it is uncommonly practiced or encouraged in operating environments. Barriers to productive collaboration often include data sensitivity, time and effort to communicate, institutional policy, and protection of domain knowledge. We propose an ambient collaboration framework, Vulcan, designed to remove the barriers of time and effort and mitigate the others. Vulcan automated data collection, collaborative filtering, and asynchronous dissemination, eliminating the effort implied by explicit collaboration among peers. We instrumented two analytic applications and performed a mock analysis session to build a dataset and test the output of the system.

  5. Triggering Control Methods for Cyber-Physical Systems : : Security & Smart Grid Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foroush, Hamed Shisheh

    2014-01-01

    myths and facts behind cyber security risks for industrialMethods for Cyber-Physical Systems: Security & Smart GridMethods for Cyber-Physical Systems: Security & Smart Grid

  6. ABB and Energy Utilities Form Consortium to Fund SCADA/EMS Cyber...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Utilities Form Consortium to Fund SCADAEMS Cyber Security Assessment at National SCADA Test Bed ABB and Energy Utilities Form Consortium to Fund SCADAEMS Cyber Security...

  7. Interoperable and Secure Communication for Cyber Physical Systems in the Energy Grid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Eun Kyu

    2014-01-01

    Security in Wireless Smart Grid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Guidelines for Smart Grid Cyber Security. Sep. 2010. [84] M.Control in Smart Grid Cyber security is one of the cross-

  8. 7 Key Challenges for Visualization in Cyber Network Defense

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Best, Daniel M.; Endert, Alexander; Kidwell, Dan

    2014-12-02

    In this paper we present seven challenges, informed by two user studies, to be considered when developing a visualization for cyber security purposes. Cyber security visualizations must go beyond isolated solutions and “pretty picture” visualizations in order to make impact to users. We provide an example prototype that addresses the challenges with a description of how they are met. Our aim is to assist in increasing utility and adoption rates for visualization capabilities in cyber security.

  9. National Infrastructure Protection Plan | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergyInterested Parties -Department ofDepartment of EnergyEnergy National

  10. Thermal Spray Coatings for Coastal Infrastructure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Holcomb, G.R.; Covino, BernardS. Jr.; Cramer, S.D.; Bullard, S.J.

    1997-11-01

    Several protection strategies for coastal infrastructure using thermal-spray technology are presented from research at the Albany Research Center. Thermal-sprayed zinc coatings for anodes in impressed current cathodic protection systems are used to extend the service lives of reinforced concrete bridges along the Oregon coast. Thermal-sprayed Ti is examined as an alternative to the consumable zinc anode. Sealed thermal-sprayed Al is examined as an alternative coating to zinc dust filled polyurethane paint for steel structures.

  11. Critical National Infrastructure Reliability Modeling and Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . · Telecommunications: Congestion or disruption of key communications nodes by fire, wind, water, or sabotage · Power of Homeland Security is protection of our critical national infrastructures including power, communications, transportation, and water. This paper presents models to quantify the interdependencies of critical

  12. Control Systems Cyber Security: Defense in Depth Strategies ...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Cyber Security: Defense in Depth Strategies More Documents & Publications Good Practice Guide on Firewall Deployment for SCADA and Process Control Networks Mitigations for...

  13. OCIO Technology Summit: Cyber Innovation | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Analytics OCIO Technology Summit: Cyber Innovation OCIO Technology Summit: High Performance Computing David Arakawa (ORNL) Secretarial Awards Recognize Employees for Saving...

  14. Common Cyber Security Vulnerabilities Observed in Control System...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Systems (September 2011) Vulnerability Analysis of Energy Delivery Control Systems - 2011 Lessons Learned from Cyber Security Assessments of SCADA and Energy Management Systems...

  15. The NIAC Convergence of Physical and Cyber Technbologies and...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    of physical and cyber technologies for Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) and process control systems and their consolidated network management. The Working...

  16. Cyber Security Audit and Attack Detection Toolkit: Bandolier...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    - Best Practice DesignConfiguration Cyber Security Audit and Attack Detection Toolkit: National SCADA Test Bed May 2008 DOEOE National SCADA Test Bed Fiscal Year 2009 Work Plan...

  17. PSERC Webinar Series: Issues in Designing the Future Grid - Cyber...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Grid," focusing on the information hierarchy for the future grid and grid enablers of sustainable energy systems. The second webinar, Cyber-Physical Systems Security for the...

  18. Continuous Monitoring And Cyber Security For High Performance...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Continuous Monitoring And Cyber Security For High Performance Computing Malin, Alex B. Los Alamos National Laboratory; Van Heule, Graham K. Los Alamos National Laboratory...

  19. NNSA Seeking Comments on Consolidated IT and Cyber Security Support...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    seeking comments, now through July 29, on an opportunity for Consolidated IT and Cyber Security Support Services. Comments are sought from interested vendors holding...

  20. Lessons Learned from Cyber Security Assessments of SCADA and...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    vendors or asset owners and the INL. The vendors and owners provided software, hardware, training, and technical support. The INL performed the cyber assessments and reported the...

  1. Hydrogen Transition Infrastructure Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Melendez, M.; Milbrandt, A.

    2005-05-01

    Presentation for the 2005 U.S. Department of Energy Hydrogen Program review analyzes the hydrogen infrastructure needed to accommodate a transitional hydrogen fuel cell vehicle demand.

  2. Fact Sheet: Protecting Intelligent Distributed Power Grids Against Cyber Attacks

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum12, 2015Executive Order14, 20111,FY 2007TrafficDepartmentinofDNV

  3. Protecting Intelligent Distributed Power Grids Against Cyber Attacks - May

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergyInterested PartiesBuildingBudget || Department of EnergyNo. 154 -

  4. Protecting the Nation's Electric Grid from Cyber Threats | Department of

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergyInterested PartiesBuildingBudget || Department of EnergyNo. 154 -Climate

  5. Cyber Security Protection for Small Businesses Flyer | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergy A plug-in electric vehicle (PEV)Day-June2012environment 3D31,paper

  6. Towards Efficient Collaboration in Cyber Security

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hui, Peter SY; Bruce, Joseph R.; Fink, Glenn A.; Gregory, Michelle L.; Best, Daniel M.; McGrath, Liam R.; Endert, Alexander

    2010-06-03

    Cyber security analysts in different geographical and organizational domains are often largely tasked with similar duties, albeit with domain-specific variations. These analysts necessarily perform much of the same work independently— for instance, analyzing the same list of security bulletins released by largely the same set of software vendors. As such, communication and collaboration between such analysts would be mutually beneficial to the analysts involved, potentially reducing redundancy and offering the opportunity to preemptively alert each other to high-severity security alerts in a more timely fashion. However, several barriers to practical and efficient collaboration exist, and as such, no such framework exists to support such efforts. In this paper, we discuss the inherent difficulties which make efficient collaboration between cyber security analysts a difficult goal to achieve. We discuss preliminary ideas and concepts towards a collaborative cyber-security framework currently under development, whose goal is to facilitate analyst collaboration across these boundaries. While still in its early stages, we describe work-in-progress towards achieving this goal, including motivation, functionality, concepts, and a high-level description of the proposed system architecture.

  7. GREEN INFRASTRUCTURE Researchers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delaware, University of

    SUPPORTING URBAN GREEN INFRASTRUCTURE Researchers: Jenny Caldwell Catherine Cruz-Ortiz Craig Dsouza are supported at the master's and doctoral levels. #12;Supporting Urban Green Infrastructure Researchers: Jenny's Water Resources Agency, for providing information and guidance in the completion of this research. #12

  8. NGV industry infrastructure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1984-12-01

    Current natural gas vehicle (NGV) technology faces a number of problems that must be overcome before vehicles powered by compressed natural gas become accepted in the US. Among these impediments are regulatory uncertainties, codes, standards and the NGV industry infrastructure itself. The marketing/supply infrastructure necessary to support the NGV industry is described.

  9. Infrastructure Institutional Change Principle

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Research shows that changes in infrastructure prompt changes in behavior (for better or worse). Federal agencies can modify their infrastructure to promote sustainability-oriented behavior change, ideally in ways that make new behaviors easier and more desirable to follow than existing patterns of behavior.

  10. On Cyber Security for Networked Control Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amin, Saurabh

    2011-01-01

    buildings and smart structures portend immense datavehicles and buildings equipped with smart meters). Thebuilding’s occupants). The operating systems of upcoming infrastructures such as smart

  11. Will Cyber-Insurance Improve Network Security? A Market Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Microsoft, etc.), cyber-insurers (e.g., ISPs, cloud providers, security vendors, etc.), regulatory agenciesWill Cyber-Insurance Improve Network Security? A Market Analysis Ranjan Pal University of Southern--Recent work in security has illustrated that solutions aimed at detection and elimination of security threats

  12. On Cyber Security for Networked Control Systems Saurabh Amin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    random failures and secu- rity attacks. Cyber-security of Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA, cyber-security assessment for SCADA systems is performed based on well-defined attacker and defender objectives. The mathematical model of SCADA systems considered in this work has two control levels

  13. Deception used for Cyber Defense of Control Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wayne F. Boyer; Miles A. McQueen

    2009-05-01

    Control system cyber security defense mechanisms may employ deception to make it more difficult for attackers to plan and execute successful attacks. These deceptive defense mechanisms are organized and initially explored according to a specific deception taxonomy and the seven abstract dimensions of security previously proposed as a framework for the cyber security of control systems.

  14. Cyber Security via Minority Games with Epistatic Signaling (Invited Paper)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mishra, Bud

    Cyber Security via Minority Games with Epistatic Signaling (Invited Paper) William Casey Software when deceptions are employed to breach the security of the system, thus making the entire social game systems are empirically stud- ied through extensive computer simulation. 1. GAMES AND CYBER

  15. GISOO: a virtual testbed for wireless cyber-physical systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johansson, Karl Henrik

    The integration of wireless communications in cyber- physical systems (CPSs) such as process automation, building testbed for simulation of wireless cyber-physical systems that integrates two state-of-the art simulators automation and intelligent transportation systems, poses many challenges and has become an area of intense

  16. Measuring Expertise and Bias in Cyber Security Using Cognitive and Neuroscience Approaches

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamlen, Kevin W.

    Measuring Expertise and Bias in Cyber Security Using Cognitive and Neuroscience Approaches Daniel in cyber security, we attempt to understand the cognitive components of cyber security expertise. Our initial focus is on cyber security attackers ­ often called "hackers". Our first aim is to develop

  17. 2 Int. J. Security and Networks, Vol. Towards modelling the impact of cyber attacks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kundur, Deepa

    2 Int. J. Security and Networks, Vol. Towards modelling the impact of cyber attacks on a smart grid. Keywords: smart grid cyber security; cyber attack impact analysis; graph-based dynamical systems; smart and Computer Engineering at Texas A&M University. Her research interests include cyber security of the smart

  18. Developing and Implementing an Institution-Wide Introductory Cyber-Security Course in Record Time

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crabbe, Frederick

    Developing and Implementing an Institution-Wide Introductory Cyber-Security Course in Record Time foundations of cyber security. This decision triggered our attempt to set an "academic world security, as cyber attacks and cyber crime become greater threats to the health and preservation

  19. CyberCIEGE vs CyberOps NetWarrior September 2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    that fails to give the player a sense of what the countermeasure actually does. In CyberCIEGE, VPN gateways to the same workstation that has a VPN tunnel into the corporate network. In NetWarrior, a VPN is simply

  20. IPHE Infrastructure Workshop Proceedings

    Fuel Cell Technologies Publication and Product Library (EERE)

    This proceedings contains information from the IPHE Infrastructure Workshop, a two-day interactive workshop held on February 25-26, 2010, to explore the market implementation needs for hydrogen fuelin

  1. Information and Communications Infrastructure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Communications Utilization and Performance________________________ 20 5.3 Systems Support Utilization and Performance ____________________________ 21 5.4 Radio Communications Systems Utilization and Performance of the communications infrastructure and information systems used during this time period. It addresses resources

  2. IPHE Infrastructure Workshop Proceedings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2010-02-01

    This proceedings contains information from the IPHE Infrastructure Workshop, a two-day interactive workshop held on February 25-26, 2010, to explore the market implementation needs for hydrogen fueling station development.

  3. INFRASTRUCTURE BUSINESS AND POLICY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balasuriya, Sanjeeva

    COMMUNIQUÉ Australia's Infrastructure Imperative: Getting more value for taxpayer dollars #12;Communiqué. The symposium theme, Getting More Value for Taxpayer Dollars, is one which SMART identified was well overdue

  4. Smarter Physical Infrastructure 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bartlett, D.

    2013-01-01

    Infrastructure Unleashing Information Technology in the Built Environment David Bartlett, IBM Vice President, Smarter Physical Infrastructure ESL-IC-13-10-57 Proceedings of the 13th International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations, Montreal, Quebec..., Montreal, Quebec, October 8-11, 2013 BMS/metering integration, HVAC sensors/metering point integration, Lighting, Perimeter pre-heat, Chiller optimization, Advanced analytics, Dashboard for energy, carbon, maintenance, space, etc ? 3.3M sq ft , 1950...

  5. Sandia Energy - Cyber Engineering Research Laboratory (CERL)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation of Fe(II) byMultidayAlumniProjectsCyber Engineering Research Laboratory (CERL)

  6. Sandia Energy - Cyber-Based Vulnerability Assessments

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation of Fe(II) byMultidayAlumniProjectsCyber Engineering Research

  7. Sandia Energy - Grid Cyber Vulnerability & Assessments

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation of Fe(II)Geothermal Energy & Drilling Technology HomeGrid Cyber Vulnerability

  8. MFC Communications Infrastructure Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michael Cannon; Terry Barney; Gary Cook; George Danklefsen, Jr.; Paul Fairbourn; Susan Gihring; Lisa Stearns

    2012-01-01

    Unprecedented growth of required telecommunications services and telecommunications applications change the way the INL does business today. High speed connectivity compiled with a high demand for telephony and network services requires a robust communications infrastructure.   The current state of the MFC communication infrastructure limits growth opportunities of current and future communication infrastructure services. This limitation is largely due to equipment capacity issues, aging cabling infrastructure (external/internal fiber and copper cable) and inadequate space for telecommunication equipment. While some communication infrastructure improvements have been implemented over time projects, it has been completed without a clear overall plan and technology standard.   This document identifies critical deficiencies with the current state of the communication infrastructure in operation at the MFC facilities and provides an analysis to identify needs and deficiencies to be addressed in order to achieve target architectural standards as defined in STD-170. The intent of STD-170 is to provide a robust, flexible, long-term solution to make communications capabilities align with the INL mission and fit the various programmatic growth and expansion needs.

  9. 6/16/13 New search tool developed to catch cyber thieves post.jagran.com/new-search-tool-developed-to-catch-cyber-thieves-1370602608 1/5

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fung, Benjamin C. M.

    Lifestyle News Desk Cyber thief child porn search tool Canada cyber crime #12;6/16/13 New search tool by scammers, identity thieves and child exploitation criminals. But this type of data is also the most

  10. Primer Control System Cyber Security Framework and Technical Metrics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wayne F. Boyer; Miles A. McQueen

    2008-05-01

    The Department of Homeland Security National Cyber Security Division supported development of a control system cyber security framework and a set of technical metrics to aid owner-operators in tracking control systems security. The framework defines seven relevant cyber security dimensions and provides the foundation for thinking about control system security. Based on the developed security framework, a set of ten technical metrics are recommended that allow control systems owner-operators to track improvements or degradations in their individual control systems security posture.

  11. Energy Department Broadens Public-Private Initiative to Help...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Moniz today announced the release of new tools to strengthen protection of the nation's oil and natural gas infrastructure and the electric grid from cyber attack. The new...

  12. Security Framework for Control System Data Classification and...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Security (OPSEC) to Support a Cyber Security Culture in Control Systems Environments Wireless System Considerations When Implementing NERC Critical Infrastructure Protection...

  13. LNG infrastructure and equipment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Forgash, D.J.

    1995-12-31

    Sound engineering principals have been used by every company involved in the development of the LNG infrastructure, but there is very little that is new. The same cryogenic technology that is used in the manufacture and sale of nitrogen, argon, and oxygen infrastructure is used in LNG infrastructure. The key component of the refueling infrastructure is the LNG tank which should have a capacity of at least 15,000 gallons. These stainless steel tanks are actually a tank within a tank separated by an annular space that is void of air creating a vacuum between the inner and outer tank where superinsulation is applied. Dispensing can be accomplished by pressure or pump. Either works well and has been demonstrated in the field. Until work is complete on NFPA 57 or The Texas Railroad Commission Rules for LNG are complete, the industry is setting the standards for the safe installation of refueling infrastructure. As a new industry, the safety record to date has been outstanding.

  14. Neural Network Based Intrusion Detection System for Critical Infrastructures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Todd Vollmer; Ondrej Linda; Milos Manic

    2009-07-01

    Resiliency and security in control systems such as SCADA and Nuclear plant’s in today’s world of hackers and malware are a relevant concern. Computer systems used within critical infrastructures to control physical functions are not immune to the threat of cyber attacks and may be potentially vulnerable. Tailoring an intrusion detection system to the specifics of critical infrastructures can significantly improve the security of such systems. The IDS-NNM – Intrusion Detection System using Neural Network based Modeling, is presented in this paper. The main contributions of this work are: 1) the use and analyses of real network data (data recorded from an existing critical infrastructure); 2) the development of a specific window based feature extraction technique; 3) the construction of training dataset using randomly generated intrusion vectors; 4) the use of a combination of two neural network learning algorithms – the Error-Back Propagation and Levenberg-Marquardt, for normal behavior modeling. The presented algorithm was evaluated on previously unseen network data. The IDS-NNM algorithm proved to be capable of capturing all intrusion attempts presented in the network communication while not generating any false alerts.

  15. National Critical Infrastructure Security and Resilience Month...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    cyber incidents. Additionally, OE provides for advanced research and development in microgrids -- localized grids that can disconnect from the broader electric grid to operate...

  16. Cyber-Physical Systems Security for Smart Grid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cyber-Physical Systems Security for Smart Grid Future Grid Initiative White Paper Power Systems-Physical Systems Security for Smart Grid Prepared for the Project "The Future Grid to Enable Sustainable Energy

  17. Cyber Physical Systems: Design Challenges Edward A. Lee

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of California, Berkeley Berkeley, CA 94720, USA eal@eecs.berkeley.edu Abstract Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS, traffic control and safety, advanced automotive systems, process control, energy conservation

  18. Ninth Annual Cyber and Information Security Research Conference...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Ninth Annual Cyber and Information Security Research Conference Apr 08 2014 04-08-2014 08:30 AM - 04-10-2014 04:00 PM Multiple speakers, multiple disciplines, multiple affiliations...

  19. Towards A Network-of-Networks Framework for Cyber Security

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Halappanavar, Mahantesh; Choudhury, Sutanay; Hogan, Emilie A.; Hui, Peter SY; Johnson, John R.; Ray, Indrajit; Holder, Lawrence B.

    2013-06-07

    Networks-of-networks (NoN) is a graph-theoretic model of interdependent networks that have distinct dynamics at each network (layer). By adding special edges to represent relationships between nodes in different layers, NoN provides a unified mechanism to study interdependent systems intertwined in a complex relationship. While NoN based models have been proposed for cyber-physical systems, in this paper we build towards a three-layer NoN model for an enterprise cyber system. Each layer captures a different facet of a cyber system. We then discuss the potential benefits of graph-theoretic analysis enabled from such a model. Our goal is to provide a novel and powerful tool for modeling and analyzing problems in cyber security.

  20. Ruminati : modeling the detection of textual cyber-bullying

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dinakar, Karthik

    2012-01-01

    The scourge of cyber-bullying has received widespread attention at all levels of society including parents, educators, adolescents, social scientists, psychiatrists and policy makers at the highest echelons of power. ...

  1. Good Things in Small Packages: Micro Worlds and Cyber Security

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    David I Gertman

    2013-11-01

    Cyber events, as perpetrated by terrorists and nation states, have become commonplace as evidenced in national and international news media. Cyber attacks affect day-to-day activities of end users through exploitation of social networks, businesses such as banking and stock exchanges, and government entities including Departments of Defense. They are becoming more frequent and sophisticated. Currently, efforts are directed to understanding the methods employed by attackers and towards dissecting the planning and activities of the perpetrator, including review of psychosocial factors.

  2. Infrastructure Assurance Center

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kemner, Ken

    years, the use of natural gas is projected to grow by 50% -- making security of this resourceInfrastructure Assurance Center NGFast: rapid assessment of impacts of natural gas pipeline breaks Assurance Center Our nation relies on natural gas to meet about 22% of its energy needs. Within the next 10

  3. Energy, Climate, & Infrastructure Security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siefert, Chris

    include: right Sized reactor, Supercritical Co2 Gas Fast reactor, Compact Sodium Fast reactor, and infrastructure problems. vision all of our reactor designs employ a concurrent engineering approach, and prometheus Space reactor. all of these reactor designs exist only on paper and have been produced as concepts

  4. COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING Infrastructure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collett Jr., Jeffrey L.

    COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING Infrastructure #12;2 COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING This publication focuses on just a few of the incredible College of Engineering faculty and students who are conducting research related, and students in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering are working collaboratively to develop

  5. Energy, Climate & Infrastructure Security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Energy, Climate & Infrastructure Security EXCEPTIONAL SERVICE IN THE NATIONAL INTEREST Sandia owned subsidiary of Lockheed Martin Corporation, for the U.S. Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE-AC04-94AL85000. SAND 2012-1670P Ensuring the Safe Containment

  6. Energy, Climate & Infrastructure Security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Energy, Climate & Infrastructure Security EXCEPTIONAL SERVICE IN THE NATIONAL INTEREST Sandia Corporation, for the U.S. Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE owned subsidiary of Lockheed Martin Corporation, for the U.S. Department of Energy's National Nuclear

  7. Energy, Climate, & Infrastructure Security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siefert, Chris

    Energy, Climate, & Infrastructure Security ExCEptIonal SErvICE In thE natIonal IntErESt Sandia owned subsidiary of Lockheed Martin Corporation, for the U.S. Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE-AC04-94AL85000. SAND2013-7809W the computational, physics

  8. Energy, Climate, & Infrastructure Security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siefert, Chris

    Energy, Climate, & Infrastructure Security ExCEptIonal SErvICE In thE natIonal IntErESt Sandia owned subsidiary of Lockheed Martin Corporation, for the U.S. Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE-AC04-94AL85000. SAND2013-7809W to enhance the nation's security

  9. Sandia Energy - Gulf Nuclear Energy Infrastructure Institute...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Gulf Nuclear Energy Infrastructure Institute Class of 2012 Kicks Off with 20 Students from the Gulf Cooperation Council Home Energy Assurance Infrastructure Security Infrastructure...

  10. A cyber-infrastructure for the measurement and estimation of large-scale hydrologic processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kerkez, Branko

    2012-01-01

    2009), Demonstration of datacenter automation software and22(15): N. S. I. Datacenter (2009), Snow water equivalent (

  11. A cyber-infrastructure for the measurement and estimation of large-scale hydrologic processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kerkez, Branko

    2012-01-01

    Hall/CRC. Ember (2011), ZigBee wireless network systems,NY, USA, 1-12. , doi:10.1145/2185677.2185 ZigBee Alliance (2008), ZigBee Specification, http://www.zigbee.org/

  12. A cyber-infrastructure for the measurement and estimation of large-scale hydrologic processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kerkez, Branko

    2012-01-01

    Wireless systems for industrial automation: Process controltechnologies for industrial automation applications. The

  13. Collaborative-Hybrid Multi-Layer Network Control for Emerging Cyber-Infrastructures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lehman, Tom [USC] [USC; Ghani, Nasir [UNM] [UNM; Boyd, Eric [UCAID] [UCAID

    2010-08-31

    At a high level, there were four basic task areas identified for the Hybrid-MLN project. They are: o Multi-Layer, Multi-Domain, Control Plane Architecture and Implementation, including ? OSCARS layer2 and InterDomain Adaptation, ? Integration of LambdaStation and Terapaths with Layer2 dynamic provisioning, ? Control plane software release, ? Scheduling, AAA, security architecture, ? Network Virtualization architecture, ? Multi-Layer Network Architecture Framework Definition; o Heterogeneous DataPlane Testing; o Simulation; o Project Publications, Reports, and Presentations.

  14. A cyber-infrastructure for the measurement and estimation of large-scale hydrologic processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kerkez, Branko

    2012-01-01

    enclosure, batteries and solar panel totaled about $3000.reduced battery size and solar panel requirements, in whichradiation sensor, (8) 10W solar panel, (9) external 8dBi

  15. A cyber-infrastructure for the measurement and estimation of large-scale hydrologic processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kerkez, Branko

    2012-01-01

    and M. Cubed, Potential Changes in hydropower productionand has the potential to reduce hydropower production

  16. A cyber-infrastructure for the measurement and estimation of large-scale hydrologic processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kerkez, Branko

    2012-01-01

    and B. Spencer (2008), Structural health monitoring sensorFederspiel, 2009] structural health monitoring [Kim et al. ,

  17. A cyber-infrastructure for the measurement and estimation of large-scale hydrologic processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kerkez, Branko

    2012-01-01

    Potential Changes in hydropower production from globalirrigation, recreation, hydropower generation, and otheris also generated via hydropower. The major hydrologic

  18. A cyber-infrastructure for the measurement and estimation of large-scale hydrologic processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kerkez, Branko

    2012-01-01

    solar panel requirements, in which case radio power consumption would begin to play a larger role in overall energy efficiency.

  19. CI-TEAM Minority-Serving Institutions CyberInfrastructure Empowerment Coalition (MSI-CIEC)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and humanities projects and resources joined by the developing Internet that is defining new forms of science with the "Internet to the Hogan" celebration. Under the strong leadership of Tom Davis, Dean of Instruction, NTC, and highly regarded national leader in technology for TCUs, NTC is working with the University of New Mexico

  20. Hybrid Multi-Layer Network Control for Emerging Cyber-Infrastructures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Summerhill, Richard

    2009-08-14

    There were four basic task areas identified for the Hybrid-MLN project. They are: o Multi-Layer, Multi-Domain, Control Plane Architecture and Implementation, o Heterogeneous DataPlane Testing, o Simulation, o Project Publications, Reports, and Presentations.

  1. A cyber-infrastructure for the measurement and estimation of large-scale hydrologic processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kerkez, Branko

    2012-01-01

    well as solar and thermal radiation. As energy is introducedenergy into the system, usually in the form of solar and thermal

  2. Engineering cyber infrastructure for U-Pb geochronology: Tripoli and U-Pb_Redux

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bowring, J.F.; McLean, Noah M.; Bowring, S.A.

    2011-06-24

    In the past decade, major advancements in precision and accuracy of U-Pb geochronology, which stem from improved sample pretreatment and refined measurement techniques, have revealed previously unresolvable discrepancies among analyses from...

  3. Engineering cyber infrastructure for U-Pb geochronology: Tripoli and U-Pb_Redux

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bowring, J. F.

    In the past decade, major advancements in precision and accuracy of U-Pb geochronology, which stem from improved sample pretreatment and refined measurement techniques, have revealed previously unresolvable discrepancies ...

  4. TCIP: Trustworthy CyberInfrastructure for the Power Grid | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankADVANCED MANUFACTURINGEnergyPlan | Department ofSUPPLEMENTSwitzerland|ofSessions |2 - In the3

  5. Green Infrastructure for Arid Communities

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    On March 24, 2015, from 1:00pm – 2:30pm EDT, EPA's Green Infrastructure Program will launch our 2015 Webcast Series with the webinar Green Infrastructure for Arid Communities. This webinar aims to...

  6. Experiences and Challenges with Using Cert Data to Analyze International Cyber Security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Madnick, Stuart

    With the increasing interconnection of computer networks and sophistication of cyber attacks, it is important to understand the dynamics of such situations, especially in regards to cyber international relations. The ...

  7. Presented by Petascale System Infrastructure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    _Infrastructure_SC10 Visualization and data analysis resources Hardware · Everest Powerwall ­ 30 ft by 8 ft 35

  8. INFRASTRUCTURE Engineering and Physical Sciences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berzins, M.

    the vital research that underpins this development. The UK Government Strategy for National Infrastructure and resilient infrastructure supplying water, energy, communications, transport systems and waste systems. Infrastructure is a broad topic and is relevant to other sectors including Healthcare, Renewable and Clean Energy

  9. Cyber Security Challenges in Using Cloud Computing in the Electric Utility Industry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Akyol, Bora A.

    2012-09-01

    This document contains introductory material that discusses cyber security challenges in using cloud computing in the electric utility industry.

  10. HybridSim: A Modeling and Co-simulation Toolchain for Cyber-Physical Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baras, John S.

    by the communication network. Index Terms--Co-simulation, TinyOS, Modelica, Functional Mock-up Interface, Cyber

  11. Network Economics of Cyber Crime with Applications to Financial Service Organizations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagurney, Anna

    Network Economics of Cyber Crime with Applications to Financial Service Organizations Anna Nagurney Burleson, Mila Sherman, Senay Solak, and Chris MisraNetwork Economics of Cyber Crime #12;We acknowledge MisraNetwork Economics of Cyber Crime #12;The Project Synopsis: The vision of this project

  12. Towards the Realization of a Public Health Model for Shared Secure Cyber-Space

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    Towards the Realization of a Public Health Model for Shared Secure Cyber-Space Jeff Rowe UC Davis mahogarth@ucdavis.edu ABSTRACT It has been a longstanding goal of the cyber-security community to improve susceptibility to attack; we refer to this as improving the public cyber-security. Traditionally, computer

  13. CYSEP --A CYBER-SECURITY PROCESSOR FOR 10GBPS NETWORKS AND BEYOND H. Jonathan Chao

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chao, Jonathan

    1 of 9 CYSEP -- A CYBER-SECURITY PROCESSOR FOR 10GBPS NETWORKS AND BEYOND H. Jonathan Chao the architecture of a Cyber- Security Processor (CYSEP) which can serve as a key module for enhancing security-speed operation. 1 INTRODUCTION In this paper, we describe the architecture of a Cyber- Security Processor (CYSEP

  14. Secure Information and Resource Sharing in Cloud Institute for Cyber Security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandhu, Ravi

    Secure Information and Resource Sharing in Cloud Yun Zhang Institute for Cyber Security Univ Institute for Cyber Security Univ of Texas at San Antonio San Antonio, TX 78249 Ravi.Sandhu@utsa.edu ABSTRACT The significant threats from information security breaches in cyber world is one of the most

  15. Anatomy, Dissection, and Mechanics of an Introductory Cyber-Security Course's Curriculum at the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crabbe, Frederick

    Anatomy, Dissection, and Mechanics of an Introductory Cyber-Security Course's Curriculum States of America ABSTRACT Due to the high priority of cyber-security education, the United States Naval Academy rapidly developed and implemented a new cyber-security course that is required for all of its

  16. An Experience Report on Undergraduate Cyber-Security Education and Outreach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    An Experience Report on Undergraduate Cyber-Security Education and Outreach Michael E. Locasto Terms Security Keywords cyber security training, SISMAT 1. INTRODUCTION Organizations face a critical training in cyber security tools. At the same time, information secu- rity problems (e.g., recovering from

  17. Cyber Security Companies, governments, and consumers depend on secure and reliable

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hill, Wendell T.

    Cyber Security Companies, governments, and consumers depend on secure and reliable computer-speed computers all introduce new cyber-security challenges. Cyber- security researchers at the University networks and data products. But as technology becomes more complex, security threats also become more

  18. RT-Based Administrative Models for Community Cyber Security Information Sharing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandhu, Ravi

    RT-Based Administrative Models for Community Cyber Security Information Sharing Ravi Sandhu, Khalid Zaman Bijon Institute for Cyber Security World-Leading Research with Real Ravi Sandhu, Khalid Zaman Bijon Institute for Cyber Security University of Texas at San Antonio Oct. 15, 2011 International

  19. Towards Efficient Collaboration in Cyber Security Peter Hui Joe Bruce Glenn Fink

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Towards Efficient Collaboration in Cyber Security Peter Hui Joe Bruce Glenn Fink Michelle Gregory University aendert@cs.vt.edu ABSTRACT Cyber security analysts in different geographical and organizational difficulties which make efficient collaboration between cyber security analysts a difficult goal to achieve. We

  20. RT-Based Administrative Models for Community Cyber Security Information Sharing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandhu, Ravi

    RT-Based Administrative Models for Community Cyber Security Information Sharing Ravi Sandhu, Khalid Zaman Bijon, Xin Jin, and Ram Krishnan Institute for Cyber Security & Department of Computer Science Institute for Cyber Security & Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering University of Texas at San

  1. A Novel Cyber-Insurance Model Ranjan Pal, Leana Golubchik, and Konstantinos Psounis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    risk management have proposed the idea of cyber-insurance to eliminate risks due to security threats the right type of cyber-insurance contract as traditional optimal contracts, i.e., contracts for security of analyzing cyber-insurance so- lutions when a user faces risks due to both, security as well as non- security

  2. ON THE USE OF CYBER-PHYSICAL HIERARCHY FOR SMART GRID SECURITY AND EFFICIENT CONTROL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kundur, Deepa

    ON THE USE OF CYBER-PHYSICAL HIERARCHY FOR SMART GRID SECURITY AND EFFICIENT CONTROL Jin Wei, Deepa in information delay. Index Terms-- cyber-physical system security, smart grid hier- archy, flocking theory. 1 Station, TX 77843, USA ABSTRACT We study the application of cyber-physical hierarchy on a class of smart

  3. Visualizing Cyber Security: Usable Workspaces Glenn A. Fink*, Christopher L. North**, Alex Endert**, and Stuart Rose*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Visualizing Cyber Security: Usable Workspaces Glenn A. Fink*, Christopher L. North**, Alex Endert University ABSTRACT The goal of cyber security visualization is to help analysts in- crease the safety. We describe our study of cyber-security professionals and visualizations in a large, high

  4. EV Everywhere Consumer Acceptance and Charging Infrastructure...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    dreportoutcaci.pdf More Documents & Publications EV Everywhere Consumer Acceptance and Charging Infrastructure Workshop: Charging Infrastructure Group E...

  5. Controlled Hydrogen Fleet and Infrastructure Demonstration and...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Controlled Hydrogen Fleet and Infrastructure Demonstration and Validation Project Controlled Hydrogen Fleet and Infrastructure Demonstration and Validation Project 2009 DOE...

  6. Controlled Hydrogen Fleet and Infrastructure Demonstration and...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Controlled Hydrogen Fleet and Infrastructure Demonstration and Validation Project Solicitation Controlled Hydrogen Fleet and Infrastructure Demonstration and Validation Project...

  7. Addressing Deferred Maintenance, Infrastructure Costs, and Excess...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Addressing Deferred Maintenance, Infrastructure Costs, and Excess Facilities at Portsmouth and Paducah Addressing Deferred Maintenance, Infrastructure Costs, and Excess Facilities...

  8. Africa's Transport Infrastructure Mainstreaming Maintenance and...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Africa's Transport Infrastructure Mainstreaming Maintenance and Management Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Africa's Transport Infrastructure...

  9. Human dimensions in cyber operations research and development priorities.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Forsythe, James Chris; Silva, Austin Ray; Stevens-Adams, Susan Marie; Bradshaw, Jeffrey

    2012-11-01

    Within cyber security, the human element represents one of the greatest untapped opportunities for increasing the effectiveness of network defenses. However, there has been little research to understand the human dimension in cyber operations. To better understand the needs and priorities for research and development to address these issues, a workshop was conducted August 28-29, 2012 in Washington DC. A synthesis was developed that captured the key issues and associated research questions. Research and development needs were identified that fell into three parallel paths: (1) human factors analysis and scientific studies to establish foundational knowledge concerning factors underlying the performance of cyber defenders; (2) development of models that capture key processes that mediate interactions between defenders, users, adversaries and the public; and (3) development of a multi-purpose test environment for conducting controlled experiments that enables systems and human performance measurement. These research and development investments would transform cyber operations from an art to a science, enabling systems solutions to be engineered to address a range of situations. Organizations would be able to move beyond the current state where key decisions (e.g. personnel assignment) are made on a largely ad hoc basis to a state in which there exist institutionalized processes for assuring the right people are doing the right jobs in the right way. These developments lay the groundwork for emergence of a professional class of cyber defenders with defined roles and career progressions, with higher levels of personnel commitment and retention. Finally, the operational impact would be evident in improved performance, accompanied by a shift to a more proactive response in which defenders have the capacity to exert greater control over the cyber battlespace.

  10. Sandia Energy - Hydrogen Infrastructure

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail.Theory ofDid youOxygen GenerationTechnologiesEnergyGeoscienceInfrastructure Home

  11. Cyber Security Evaluation of II&C Technologies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ken Thomas

    2014-11-01

    The Light Water Reactor Sustainability (LWRS) Program is a research and development program sponsored by the Department of Energy, which is conducted in close collaboration with industry to provide the technical foundations for licensing and managing the long-term, safe and economical operation of current nuclear power plants The LWRS Program serves to help the US nuclear industry adopt new technologies and engineering solutions that facilitate the continued safe operation of the plants and extension of the current operating licenses. Within the LWRS Program, the Advanced Instrumentation, Information, and Control (II&C) Systems Technologies Pathway conducts targeted research and development (R&D) to address aging and reliability concerns with the legacy instrumentation and control and related information systems of the U.S. operating light water reactor (LWR) fleet. The II&C Pathway is conducted by Idaho National Laboratory (INL). Cyber security is a common concern among nuclear utilities and other nuclear industry stakeholders regarding the digital technologies that are being developed under this program. This concern extends to the point of calling into question whether these types of technologies could ever be deployed in nuclear plants given the possibility that the information in them can be compromised and the technologies themselves can potentially be exploited to serve as attack vectors for adversaries. To this end, a cyber security evaluation has been conducted of these technologies to determine whether they constitute a threat beyond what the nuclear plants already manage within their regulatory-required cyber security programs. Specifically, the evaluation is based on NEI 08-09, which is the industry’s template for cyber security programs and evaluations, accepted by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) as responsive to the requirements of the nuclear power plant cyber security regulation found in 10 CFR 73.54. The evaluation was conducted by a cyber security team with expertise in nuclear utility cyber security programs and experience in conducting these evaluations. The evaluation has determined that, for the most part, cyber security will not be a limiting factor in the application of these technologies to nuclear power plant applications.

  12. Building Smart Communities with Cyber-Physical Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xia, Feng

    2012-01-01

    There is a growing trend towards the convergence of cyber-physical systems (CPS) and social computing, which will lead to the emergence of smart communities composed of various objects (including both human individuals and physical things) that interact and cooperate with each other. These smart communities promise to enable a number of innovative applications and services that will improve the quality of life. This position paper addresses some opportunities and challenges of building smart communities characterized by cyber-physical and social intelligence.

  13. DOE Issues Energy Sector Cyber Organization NOI

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    between the federal government and energy sector stakeholders to protect the bulk power electric grid and aid the integration of smart grid technology to enhance the...

  14. Energy Sector-Specific Plan: An Annex to the National Infrastructure...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Plan: An Annex to the National Infrastructure Protection Plan In its role as the lead Sector-Specific Agency for the Energy Sector, the Department of Energy has worked...

  15. California Hydrogen Infrastructure Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Edward C. Heydorn

    2013-03-12

    Air Products and Chemicals, Inc. has completed a comprehensive, multiyear project to demonstrate a hydrogen infrastructure in California. The specific primary objective of the project was to demonstrate a model of a ���¢��������real-world���¢������� retail hydrogen infrastructure and acquire sufficient data within the project to assess the feasibility of achieving the nation���¢��������s hydrogen infrastructure goals. The project helped to advance hydrogen station technology, including the vehicle-to-station fueling interface, through consumer experiences and feedback. By encompassing a variety of fuel cell vehicles, customer profiles and fueling experiences, this project was able to obtain a complete portrait of real market needs. The project also opened its stations to other qualified vehicle providers at the appropriate time to promote widespread use and gain even broader public understanding of a hydrogen infrastructure. The project engaged major energy companies to provide a fueling experience similar to traditional gasoline station sites to foster public acceptance of hydrogen. Work over the course of the project was focused in multiple areas. With respect to the equipment needed, technical design specifications (including both safety and operational considerations) were written, reviewed, and finalized. After finalizing individual equipment designs, complete station designs were started including process flow diagrams and systems safety reviews. Material quotes were obtained, and in some cases, depending on the project status and the lead time, equipment was placed on order and fabrication began. Consideration was given for expected vehicle usage and station capacity, standard features needed, and the ability to upgrade the station at a later date. In parallel with work on the equipment, discussions were started with various vehicle manufacturers to identify vehicle demand (short- and long-term needs). Discussions included identifying potential areas most suited for hydrogen fueling stations with a focus on safe, convenient, fast-fills. These potential areas were then compared to and overlaid with suitable sites from various energy companies and other potential station operators. Work continues to match vehicle needs with suitable fueling station locations. Once a specific site was identified, the necessary agreements could be completed with the station operator and expected station users. Detailed work could then begin on the site drawings, permits, safety procedures and training needs. Permanent stations were successfully installed in Irvine (delivered liquid hydrogen), Torrance (delivered pipeline hydrogen) and Fountain Valley (renewable hydrogen from anaerobic digester gas). Mobile fueling stations were also deployed to meet short-term fueling needs in Long Beach and Placerville. Once these stations were brought online, infrastructure data was collected and reported to DOE using Air Products���¢�������� Enterprise Remote Access Monitoring system. Feedback from station operators was incorporated to improve the station user���¢��������s fueling experience.

  16. Innovative Financing for Green Infrastructure

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Topic OverviewFinancing green infrastructure is critical to taking projects from planning to implementation and beyond, including sustaining operations and maintenance. This 90-minute webcast will...

  17. Michigan E85 Infrastructure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sandstrom, Matthew M.

    2012-03-30

    This is the final report for a grant-funded project to financially assist and otherwise provide support to projects that increase E85 infrastructure in Michigan at retail fueling locations. Over the two-year project timeframe, nine E85 and/or flex-fuel pumps were installed around the State of Michigan at locations currently lacking E85 infrastructure. A total of five stations installed the nine pumps, all providing cost share toward the project. By using cost sharing by station partners, the $200,000 provided by the Department of Energy facilitated a total project worth $746,332.85. This project was completed over a two-year timetable (eight quarters). The first quarter of the project focused on project outreach to station owners about the incentive on the installation and/or conversion of E85 compatible fueling equipment including fueling pumps, tanks, and all necessary electrical and plumbing connections. Utilizing Clean Energy Coalition (CEC) extensive knowledge of gasoline/ethanol infrastructure throughout Michigan, CEC strategically placed these pumps in locations to strengthen the broad availability of E85 in Michigan. During the first and second quarters, CEC staff approved projects for funding and secured contracts with station owners; the second through eighth quarters were spent working with fueling station owners to complete projects; the third through eighth quarters included time spent promoting projects; and beginning in the second quarter and running for the duration of the project was spent performing project reporting and evaluation to the US DOE. A total of 9 pumps were installed (four in Elkton, two in Sebewaing, one in East Lansing, one in Howell, and one in Whitmore Lake). At these combined station locations, a total of 192,445 gallons of E85, 10,786 gallons of E50, and 19,159 gallons of E30 were sold in all reporting quarters for 2011. Overall, the project has successfully displaced 162,611 gallons (2,663 barrels) of petroleum, and reduced regional GHG emissions by 375 tons in the first year of station deployment.

  18. Energy Transmission and Infrastructure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mathison, Jane

    2012-12-31

    The objective of Energy Transmission and Infrastructure Northern Ohio (OH) was to lay the conceptual and analytical foundation for an energy economy in northern Ohio that will: • improve the efficiency with which energy is used in the residential, commercial, industrial, agricultural, and transportation sectors for Oberlin, Ohio as a district-wide model for Congressional District OH-09; • identify the potential to deploy wind and solar technologies and the most effective configuration for the regional energy system (i.e., the ratio of distributed or centralized power generation); • analyze the potential within the district to utilize farm wastes to produce biofuels; • enhance long-term energy security by identifying ways to deploy local resources and building Ohio-based enterprises; • identify the policy, regulatory, and financial barriers impeding development of a new energy system; and • improve energy infrastructure within Congressional District OH-09. This objective of laying the foundation for a renewable energy system in Ohio was achieved through four primary areas of activity: 1. district-wide energy infrastructure assessments and alternative-energy transmission studies; 2. energy infrastructure improvement projects undertaken by American Municipal Power (AMP) affiliates in the northern Ohio communities of Elmore, Oak Harbor, and Wellington; 3. Oberlin, OH-area energy assessment initiatives; and 4. a district-wide conference held in September 2011 to disseminate year-one findings. The grant supported 17 research studies by leading energy, policy, and financial specialists, including studies on: current energy use in the district and the Oberlin area; regional potential for energy generation from renewable sources such as solar power, wind, and farm-waste; energy and transportation strategies for transitioning the City of Oberlin entirely to renewable resources and considering pedestrians, bicyclists, and public transportation as well as drivers in developing transportation policies; energy audits and efficiency studies for Oberlin-area businesses and Oberlin College; identification of barriers to residential energy efficiency and development of programming to remove these barriers; mapping of the solar-photovoltaic and wind-energy supply chains in northwest Ohio; and opportunities for vehicle sharing and collaboration among the ten organizations in Lorain County from the private, government, non-profit, and educational sectors. With non-grant funds, organizations have begun or completed projects that drew on the findings of the studies, including: creation of a residential energy-efficiency program for the Oberlin community; installation of energy-efficient lighting in Oberlin College facilities; and development by the City of Oberlin and Oberlin College of a 2.27 megawatt solar photovoltaic facility that is expected to produce 3,000 megawatt-hours of renewable energy annually, 12% of the College’s yearly power needs. Implementation of these and other projects is evidence of the economic feasibility and technical effectiveness of grant-supported studies, and additional projects are expected to advance to implementation in the coming years. The public has benefited through improved energydelivery systems and reduced energy use for street lighting in Elmore, Oak Harbor, and Wellington; new opportunities for assistance and incentives for residential energy efficiency in the Oberlin community; new opportunities for financial and energy savings through vehicle collaboration within Lorain County; and decreased reliance on fossil fuels and expanded production of renewable energy in the region. The dissemination conference and the summary report developed for the conference also benefited the public, but making the findings and recommendations of the regional studies broadly available to elected officials, city managers, educators, representatives of the private sector, and the general public.

  19. Utilities building NGV infrastructure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-04-01

    Gas utilities across the US are aggressively pursuing the natural gas vehicle market by putting in place the infrastructure needed to ensure the growth of the important market. The first annual P and GJ NGV Marketing Survey has revealed many utilities plant to build and continue building NGV fueling facilities. The NGV industry in the US is confronting a classic chicken-or-egg quandary. Fleet operators and individual drivers are naturally unwilling to commit to a natural gas vehicle fuel until sufficient fueling facilities are in place, yet service station operators are reluctant to add NGV refueling capacity until enough CNG vehicles are on the road to create demand. The future of the NGV market is bright, but continued research and product improvements by suppliers as well as LDCs is needed if the potential is to be fulfilled. Advances in refueling facilities must continue if the market is to develop.

  20. Cyber-Physical Energy Systems: Focus on Smart Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gupta, Rajesh

    energy efficient buildings. Once again, according to Smart 2020, by 2020 the energy use of personalCyber-Physical Energy Systems: Focus on Smart Buildings Jan Kleissl Dept. of Mechanical and control systems designed for occupant comfort, performability and operational efficiency, modern buildings

  1. Cyber-Physical Systems Security for Smart Grid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cyber-Physical Systems Security for Smart Grid Future Grid Initiative White Paper Power Systems-Physical Systems Security for Smart Grid Prepared for the Project "The Future Grid to Enable Sustainable Energy Acknowledgements This white paper was developed as one of nine white papers in the project "The Future Grid

  2. Big Data Applications in Cloud and Cyber Security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandhu, Ravi

    Big Data Applications in Cloud and Cyber Security Prof. Ravi Sandhu Executive Director and Endowed Professor UTSA COB Symposium on Big Data, Big Challenges March 17, 2015 ravi.sandhu@utsa.edu www Security 1 #12;© Ravi Sandhu 2 World-Leading Research with Real-World Impact! Big Data Volume Variety

  3. CyberPhysical System Security for the Electric Power Grid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manimaran, Govindarasu

    INVITED P A P E R Cyber­Physical System Security for the Electric Power Grid Control in power for the power grid as the functional composition of the following: 1) the physical Manuscript received June 29 | The development of a trustworthy smart grid requires a deeper understanding of potential impacts resulting from

  4. Embedded Cyber-Physical Anomaly Detection in Smart Meters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    [massimiliano.raciti,simin.nadjm-tehrani]@liu.se Abstract. Smart grid security has many facets, ranging over to encompass smart grids as an illustrating example. Security is one of the less developed attributes- ment of cyber-physical systems, the focus of smart grid security is increasingly on threats to control

  5. 1Computer Security Shambhu Upadhyaya Cyber Security @CEISARE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Upadhyaya, Shambhu

    , there are 100+ centers ­ Based on curriculum mapping to CNSS (committee of National Security Standards) 4011 at Google (2010) · Threats to national security ­ Insider attacks ­ Examples: Bradley Manning leaked1Computer Security Shambhu Upadhyaya Cyber Security @CEISARE Professor S. Upadhyaya Department

  6. A modeling framework for investment planning in interdependent infrastructures in multi-hazard environments.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, Nathanael J. K.; Gearhart, Jared Lee; Jones, Dean A.; Nozick, Linda Karen; Prince, Michael

    2013-09-01

    Currently, much of protection planning is conducted separately for each infrastructure and hazard. Limited funding requires a balance of expenditures between terrorism and natural hazards based on potential impacts. This report documents the results of a Laboratory Directed Research&Development (LDRD) project that created a modeling framework for investment planning in interdependent infrastructures focused on multiple hazards, including terrorism. To develop this framework, three modeling elements were integrated: natural hazards, terrorism, and interdependent infrastructures. For natural hazards, a methodology was created for specifying events consistent with regional hazards. For terrorism, we modeled the terrorist's actions based on assumptions regarding their knowledge, goals, and target identification strategy. For infrastructures, we focused on predicting post-event performance due to specific terrorist attacks and natural hazard events, tempered by appropriate infrastructure investments. We demonstrate the utility of this framework with various examples, including protection of electric power, roadway, and hospital networks.

  7. Northwest Regional Technology Center, November 2014 Page 1 of 2 Around The Region In Homeland Security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Infrastructure First Responder Ebola Protection Cyber Security Awareness Managing a Weapons Program relevant cyber security problems by developing the tools, methods, and technologies that will enable" exhibit for a first-hand look at advancements in cyber security and explosives detection, including PNNL

  8. Alternative Fuel Infrastructure Associate Location: San Diego

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    Alternative Fuel Infrastructure Associate Location: San Diego Basic Functions Center an Alternative Fuel Infrastructure Associate that has a passion for sustainability, the environment, and accelerating the transition to a sustainable world powered by clean energy! The Alternative Fuel Infrastructure

  9. Taxonomies of Cyber Adversaries and Attacks: A Survey of Incidents and Approaches

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meyers, C A; Powers, S S; Faissol, D M

    2009-10-08

    In this paper we construct taxonomies of cyber adversaries and methods of attack, drawing from a survey of the literature in the area of cyber crime. We begin by addressing the scope of cyber crime, noting its prevalence and effects on the US economy. We then survey the literature on cyber adversaries, presenting a taxonomy of the different types of adversaries and their corresponding methods, motivations, maliciousness, and skill levels. Subsequently we survey the literature on cyber attacks, giving a taxonomy of the different classes of attacks, subtypes, and threat descriptions. The goal of this paper is to inform future studies of cyber security on the shape and characteristics of the risk space and its associated adversaries.

  10. A cognitive and economic decision theory for examining cyber defense strategies.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bier, Asmeret Brooke

    2014-01-01

    Cyber attacks pose a major threat to modern organizations. Little is known about the social aspects of decision making among organizations that face cyber threats, nor do we have empirically-grounded models of the dynamics of cooperative behavior among vulnerable organizations. The effectiveness of cyber defense can likely be enhanced if information and resources are shared among organizations that face similar threats. Three models were created to begin to understand the cognitive and social aspects of cyber cooperation. The first simulated a cooperative cyber security program between two organizations. The second focused on a cyber security training program in which participants interact (and potentially cooperate) to solve problems. The third built upon the first two models and simulates cooperation between organizations in an information-sharing program.

  11. CS2SAT: THE CONTROL SYSTEMS CYBER SECURITY SELF-ASSESSMENT TOOL

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kathleen A. Lee

    2008-01-01

    The Department of Homeland Security National Cyber Security Division has developed the Control System Cyber Security Self-Assessment Tool (CS2SAT) that provides users with a systematic and repeatable approach for assessing the cyber-security posture of their industrial control system networks. The CS2SAT was developed by cyber security experts from Department of Energy National Laboratories and with assistance from the National Institute of Standards and Technology. The CS2SAT is a desktop software tool that guides users through a step-by-step process to collect facility-specific control system information and then makes appropriate recommendations for improving the system’s cyber-security posture. The CS2SAT provides recommendations from a database of industry available cyber-security practices, which have been adapted specifically for application to industry control system networks and components. Each recommendation is linked to a set of actions that can be applied to remediate-specific security vulnerabilities.

  12. Infrastructure and Operations Improvement Project Director |...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Infrastructure and Operations Improvement Project Director Supervisor(s): Adam Cohen, COO, Director's Office Staff: ENG 08 Requisition Number: 1500151 The Infrastructure and...

  13. Report: Natural Gas Infrastructure Implications of Increased...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Natural Gas Infrastructure Implications of Increased Demand from the Electric Power Sector Report: Natural Gas Infrastructure Implications of Increased Demand from the Electric...

  14. Natural Gas and Hydrogen Infrastructure Opportunities Workshop...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Opportunities Workshop Agenda Natural Gas and Hydrogen Infrastructure Opportunities Workshop Agenda Agenda for the Natural Gas and Hydrogen Infrastructure Opportunities Workshop...

  15. EV Everywhere Grand Challenge - Charging Infrastructure Enabling...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Charging Infrastructure Enabling Flexible EV Design EV Everywhere Grand Challenge - Charging Infrastructure Enabling Flexible EV Design Presentation given at the EV Everywhere...

  16. EV Everywhere Consumer Acceptance and Charging Infrastructure...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    E Breakout Report EV Everywhere Consumer Acceptance and Charging Infrastructure Workshop: Charging Infrastructure Group E Breakout Report Breakout session presentation for the EV...

  17. Controlled Hydrogen Fleet and Infrastructure Demonstration and...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Controlled Hydrogen Fleet and Infrastructure Demonstration and Validation Project Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Controlled Hydrogen Fleet and Infrastructure...

  18. IPHE Infrastructure Workshop - Workshop Proceedings, February...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    IPHE Infrastructure Workshop - Workshop Proceedings, February 25-26, 2010 Sacramento, CA IPHE Infrastructure Workshop - Workshop Proceedings, February 25-26, 2010 Sacramento, CA...

  19. Africa Infrastructure Country Diagnostic Documents: Interactive...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Africa Infrastructure Country Diagnostic Documents: Interactive MAP in PDF, all Countries Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Africa Infrastructure Country...

  20. Hydrogen Fueling Infrastructure Research and Station Technology...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    An Overview of the Hydrogen Fueling Infrastructure Research and Station Technology (H2FIRST) Project" held on November 18, 2014. Hydrogen Fueling Infrastructure Research and...

  1. Infrastructure and Operations | National Nuclear Security Administrati...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    term needs. The Associate Administrator for Infrastructure and Operations develops and executes NNSA's infrastructure investment, maintenance, and operations programs and policies....

  2. California Low Carbon Fuels Infrastructure Investment Initiative...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Low Carbon Fuels Infrastructure Investment Initiative California Low Carbon Fuels Infrastructure Investment Initiative 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle...

  3. Refueling Infrastructure for Alternative Fuel Vehicles: Lessons...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Refueling Infrastructure for Alternative Fuel Vehicles: Lessons Learned for Hydrogen Refueling Infrastructure for Alternative Fuel Vehicles: Lessons Learned for Hydrogen On April...

  4. Refueliing Infrastructure for Alternative Fuel Vehicles: Lessons...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Refueliing Infrastructure for Alternative Fuel Vehicles: Lessons Learned for Hydrogen Refueliing Infrastructure for Alternative Fuel Vehicles: Lessons Learned for Hydrogen Agenda...

  5. Upcoming Webinar December 16: International Hydrogen Infrastructure...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Infrastructure Challenges NOW, DOE, and NEDO December 12, 2013 - 12:00am Addthis The Energy Department will present a live webinar titled "International Hydrogen Infrastructure...

  6. Hydrogen, Fuel Cells and Infrastructure Technologies Program...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Hydrogen, Fuel Cells and Infrastructure Technologies Program: 2002 Annual Progress Report Hydrogen, Fuel Cells and Infrastructure Technologies Program: 2002 Annual Progress Report...

  7. Hydrogen, Fuel Cells and Infrastructure Technologies Program...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Hydrogen, Fuel Cells and Infrastructure Technologies Program FY2003 Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Report Hydrogen, Fuel Cells and Infrastructure Technologies Program FY2003...

  8. Breaking into a computer : attack techniques and tools used by cyber-criminals

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-10-06

    Oral presentation in English, slides in English. We will show you how and why cyber-criminals attack your computers: their motives, methods and tools.

  9. Triggering Control Methods for Cyber-Physical Systems : : Security & Smart Grid Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foroush, Hamed Shisheh

    2014-01-01

    applications, e.g. , security and smart grid, and on theCyber-Physical Systems: Security & Smart Grid Applications APhysical Systems: Security & Smart Grid Applications by

  10. Situational Awareness as a Measure of Performance in Cyber Security Collaborative Work

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Malviya, Ashish; Fink, Glenn A.; Sego, Landon H.; Endicott-Popovsky, Barbara E.

    2011-04-11

    Cyber defense competitions arising from U.S. service academy exercises, offer a platform for collecting data that can inform research that ranges from characterizing the ideal cyber warrior to describing behaviors during certain challenging cyber defense situations. This knowledge in turn could lead to better preparation of cyber defenders in both military and civilian settings. We conducted proof of concept experimentation to collect data during the Pacific-rim Regional Collegiate Cyber Defense Competition (PRCCDC) and analyzed it to study the behavior of cyber defenders. We propose that situational awareness predicts performance of cyber security professionals, and in this paper we focus on our collection and analysis of competition data to determine whether it supports our hypothesis. In addition to normal cyber data, we collected situational awareness and workload data and compared it against the performance of cyber defenders as indicated by their competition score. We conclude that there is a weak correlation between our measure of situational awareness and performance that we hope to exploit in further studies.

  11. Parking Infrastructure and the Environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chester, Mikhail; Horvath, Aprad; Madanat, Samer

    2011-01-01

    understand the full cost of parking. ? Nicholas Santero andLY L I T T L E A B O U T how parking infrastructure affectsBecause abundant free parking encourages solo driving and

  12. Hydrogen Delivery Infrastructure Options Analysis

    Fuel Cell Technologies Publication and Product Library (EERE)

    This report, by the Nexant team, documents an in-depth analysis of seven hydrogen delivery options to identify the most cost-effective hydrogen infrastructure for the transition and long term. The pro

  13. Modeling hydrogen fuel distribution infrastructure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pulido, Jon R. (Jon Ramon), 1974-

    2004-01-01

    This thesis' fundamental research question is to evaluate the structure of the hydrogen production, distribution, and dispensing infrastructure under various scenarios and to discover if any trends become apparent after ...

  14. infrastructure Report by Forest Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ................................................................................................................................................ 10 Sustainable urban drainageBenefits of green infrastructure Report by Forest Research Promoting sustainable greenspace #12;Promoting sustainable greenspace #12;Defra research contract number WC0807 October2010 Promoting sustainable

  15. Automatic Labeling for Entity Extraction in Cyber Security

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bridges, Robert A; Jones, Corinne L; Iannacone, Michael D; Testa, Kelly M; Goodall, John R

    2014-01-01

    Timely analysis of cyber-security information necessitates automated information extraction from unstructured text. While state-of-the-art extraction methods produce extremely accurate results, they require ample training data, which is generally unavailable for specialized applications, such as detecting security related entities; moreover, manual annotation of corpora is very costly and often not a viable solution. In response, we develop a very precise method to automatically label text from several data sources by leveraging related, domain-specific, structured data and provide public access to a corpus annotated with cyber-security entities. Next, we implement a Maximum Entropy Model trained with the average perceptron on a portion of our corpus (~750,000 words) and achieve near perfect precision, recall, and accuracy, with training times under 17 seconds.

  16. 2012 Annual Report Research Reactor Infrastructure Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Douglas Morrell

    2012-11-01

    The content of this report is the 2012 Annual Report for the Research Reactor Infrastructure Program.

  17. Bio-Inspired Cyber Security for Smart Grid Deployments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McKinnon, Archibald D.; Thompson, Seth R.; Doroshchuk, Ruslan A.; Fink, Glenn A.; Fulp, Errin W.

    2013-05-01

    mart grid technologies are transforming the electric power grid into a grid with bi-directional flows of both power and information. Operating millions of new smart meters and smart appliances will significantly impact electric distribution systems resulting in greater efficiency. However, the scale of the grid and the new types of information transmitted will potentially introduce several security risks that cannot be addressed by traditional, centralized security techniques. We propose a new bio-inspired cyber security approach. Social insects, such as ants and bees, have developed complex-adaptive systems that emerge from the collective application of simple, light-weight behaviors. The Digital Ants framework is a bio-inspired framework that uses mobile light-weight agents. Sensors within the framework use digital pheromones to communicate with each other and to alert each other of possible cyber security issues. All communication and coordination is both localized and decentralized thereby allowing the framework to scale across the large numbers of devices that will exist in the smart grid. Furthermore, the sensors are light-weight and therefore suitable for implementation on devices with limited computational resources. This paper will provide a brief overview of the Digital Ants framework and then present results from test bed-based demonstrations that show that Digital Ants can identify a cyber attack scenario against smart meter deployments.

  18. GridStat – Cyber Security and Regional Deployment Project Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clements, Samuel L.

    2009-02-18

    GridStat is a developing communication technology to provide real-time data delivery services to the electric power grid. It is being developed in a collaborative effort between the Electrical Power Engineering and Distributed Computing Science Departments at Washington State University. Improving the cyber security of GridStat was the principle focus of this project. A regional network was established to test GridStat’s cyber security mechanisms in a realistic environment. The network consists of nodes at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Idaho National Laboratory, and Washington State University. Idaho National Laboratory (INL) was tasked with performing the security assessment, the results of which detailed a number or easily resolvable and previously unknown issues, as well as a number of difficult and previously known issues. Going forward we recommend additional development prior to commercialization of GridStat. The development plan is structured into three domains: Core Development, Cyber Security and Pilot Projects. Each domain contains a number of phased subtasks that build upon each other to increase the robustness and maturity of GridStat.

  19. A Novel Cyber-Insurance for Internet Security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pal, Ranjan; Psounis, Konstantinos

    2011-01-01

    Internet users such as individuals and organizations are subject to different types of epidemic risks such as worms, viruses, and botnets. To reduce the probability of risk, an Internet user generally invests in self-defense mechanisms like antivirus and antispam software. However, such software does not completely eliminate risk. Recent works have considered the problem of residual risk elimination by proposing the idea of cyber-insurance. In reality, an Internet user faces risks due to security attacks as well as risks due to non-security related failures (e.g., reliability faults in the form of hardware crash, buffer overflow, etc.) . These risk types are often indistinguishable by a naive user. However, a cyber-insurance agency would most likely insure risks only due to security attacks. In this case, it becomes a challenge for an Internet user to choose the right type of cyber-insurance contract as standard optimal contracts, i.e., contracts under security attacks only, might prove to be sub-optimal for ...

  20. Principles of Security: Human, Cyber, and Biological

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stacey, Blake C

    2013-01-01

    Cybersecurity attacks are a major and increasing burden to economic and social systems globally. Here we analyze the principles of security in different domains and demonstrate an architectural flaw in current cybersecurity. Cybersecurity is inherently weak because it is missing the ability to defend the overall system instead of individual computers. The current architecture enables all nodes in the computer network to communicate transparently with one another, so security would require protecting every computer in the network from all possible attacks. In contrast, other systems depend on system-wide protections. In providing conventional security, police patrol neighborhoods and the military secures borders, rather than defending each individual household. Likewise, in biology, the immune system provides security against viruses and bacteria using primarily action at the skin, membranes, and blood, rather than requiring each cell to defend itself. We propose applying these same principles to address the c...

  1. ELECTRIC INFRASTRUCTURE TECHNOLOGY, TRAINING, AND ASSESSMENT PROGRAM

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    TREMEL, CHARLES L

    2007-06-28

    The objective of this Electric Infrastructure Technology, Training and Assessment Program was to enhance the reliability of electricity delivery through engineering integration of real-time technologies for wide-area applications enabling timely monitoring and management of grid operations. The technologies developed, integrated, tested and demonstrated will be incorporated into grid operations to assist in the implementation of performance-based protection/preventive measures into the existing electric utility infrastructure. This proactive approach will provide benefits of reduced cost and improved reliability over the typical schedule-based and as needed maintenance programs currently performed by utilities. Historically, utilities have relied on maintenance and inspection programs to diagnose equipment failures and have used the limited circuit isolation devices, such as distribution main circuit breakers to identify abnormal system performance. With respect to reliable problem identification, customer calls to utility service centers are often the sole means for utilities to identify problem occurrences and determine restoration methodologies. Furthermore, monitoring and control functions of equipment and circuits are lacking; thus preventing timely detection and response to customer outages. Finally, the two-way flow of real-time system information is deficient, depriving decision makers of key information required to effectively manage and control current electric grid demands to provide reliable customer service in abnormal situations. This Program focused on advancing technologies and the engineering integration required to incorporate them into the electric grid operations to enhance electrical system reliability and reduce utility operating costs.

  2. M&Ms4Graphs: Multi-scale, Multi-dimensional Graph Analytics Tools for Cyber-Security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M&Ms4Graphs: Multi-scale, Multi-dimensional Graph Analytics Tools for Cyber-Security Objective We-of-Networks Framework for Cyber Security." IEEE Intelligence and Security Informatics, 2013. 2. "Towards a Multiscale. "Statistical and Hierarchical Graph Analysis for Cyber Security." SIAM Conference on Discrete Mathematics

  3. Privacy Principles for Sharing Cyber Security Data Gina Fisk, Calvin Ardi, Neale Pickett, John Heidemann, Mike Fisk, Christos Papadopoulos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heidemann, John

    Privacy Principles for Sharing Cyber Security Data Gina Fisk, Calvin Ardi, Neale Pickett, John@colostate.edu Abstract--Sharing cyber security data across organizational boundaries brings both privacy risks for sharing cyber security information must consider privacy issues as they exchange and analyzed information

  4. CPS-IP: Cyber Physical Systems Interconnection Protocol Department of Computer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    He, Tian

    heterogeneity of CPS systems at three different levels: function interoperability, policy regulation of the devices used in cyber physical system have very limited memory, computing capability and energy, whichCPS-IP: Cyber Physical Systems Interconnection Protocol Shan Lin Department of Computer Science

  5. Co-Regulation of Cyber Physical Systems Justin M. Bradley and Ella M. Atkins

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rajkumar, Ragunathan "Raj"

    Co-Regulation of Cyber Physical Systems Justin M. Bradley and Ella M. Atkins 1 Introduction Cyber, and safety levels through regulation of its physical effectors (e.g. propulsive, steering, switches) and through regulation of its computational resources (e.g. processing and communication). To-date, primarily

  6. Towards a Framework for Cyber Attack Impact Analysis of the Electric Smart Grid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kundur, Deepa

    Towards a Framework for Cyber Attack Impact Analysis of the Electric Smart Grid Deepa Kundur analysis of a smart grid. We focus on the model synthesis stage in which both cyber and physical grid-effect relationships can be conveniently expressed for both analysis and extension to large-scale smart grid systems. I

  7. EL Program: Smart Grid Program Manager: David Wollman, Smart Grid and Cyber-Physical Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    EL Program: Smart Grid Program Manager: David Wollman, Smart Grid and Cyber-Physical Systems Program Office, Associate Program Manager: Dean Prochaska, Smart Grid and Cyber- Physical Systems Program [updated August 23, 2013] Summary: This program develops and demonstrates smart grid measurement science

  8. Impacts of Bad Data and Cyber Attacks on Electricity Market Operations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    operations. In particular, we investigated the problem from perspectives of an attacker and the controlImpacts of Bad Data and Cyber Attacks on Electricity Market Operations Final Project Report Power;#12;Impacts of Bad Data and Cyber Attacks on Electricity Market Operations Final Project Report Project Team

  9. Survey Paper Cyber security in the Smart Grid: Survey and challenges q

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Wenye

    Survey Paper Cyber security in the Smart Grid: Survey and challenges q Wenye Wang , Zhuo Lu Accepted 29 December 2012 Available online 17 January 2013 Keywords: Smart Grid Cyber security Attacks and countermeasures Cryptography Security protocols a b s t r a c t The Smart Grid, generally referred to as the next

  10. National Center for Digital Government Reflections on The Fog of (Cyber)War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schweik, Charles M.

    National Center for Digital Government Reflections on The Fog of (Cyber)War Diego. These assertions are: (a) Cyberspace is a new operational domain for waging war; (b) Cyber warfare can be as severe, it aims at reconnecting the idea of "fog of war" to its Clausewitzian roots, highlighting the importance

  11. Time-Predictable Fault Tolerant Computing for Dependable Automotive Cyber-Physical Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rajkumar, Ragunathan "Raj"

    1 Time-Predictable Fault Tolerant Computing for Dependable Automotive Cyber-Physical Systems Wei University wzhang@vcu.edu Dependable and secure automotive cyber-physical systems (CPSs) are crucial as human and should be bypassed in future computing. This computing platform will be incorporated and evaluated

  12. NSF Workshop On Cyber-Physical Systems Research Motivation, Techniques and Roadmap

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rajkumar, Ragunathan "Raj"

    NSF Workshop On Cyber-Physical Systems Research Motivation, Techniques and Roadmap October 16 - 17 from industry, research laboratories, academia, and government to develop an attractive roadmap challenges, and a roadmap for Cyber-Physical Systems. The organizers will deliver a report to the National

  13. A co-simulation framework for design of time-triggered automotive cyber physical systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koutsoukos, Xenofon D.

    A co-simulation framework for design of time-triggered automotive cyber physical systems Zhenkai Automotive control system SystemC a b s t r a c t Designing cyber-physical systems (CPS) is challenging due to the tight interactions between software, network/platform, and physical components. Automotive control sys

  14. Functional Modeling Compiler for System-Level Design of Automotive Cyber-Physical Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al Faruque, Mohammad Abdullah

    Functional Modeling Compiler for System-Level Design of Automotive Cyber-Physical Systems Presented A typical Cyber-Physical System (CPS) such as the modern automotive includes not only the physical domains. An example of CPS: a modern automotive More than 70 ECUs More than 5 bus systems More than 10

  15. Taming Uncertainties in Wireless Messaging for Automotive Cyber-Physical-Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rajkumar, Ragunathan "Raj"

    Taming Uncertainties in Wireless Messaging for Automotive Cyber-Physical-Systems Hongwei Zhang Wireless networking for automotive CPS Today's vehicles are much more than a mechanical device, and complex to the scalability of vehicular communication system, which is a basic element of automotive cyber-physical systems

  16. Multi-Disciplinary Integrated Design Automation Tool for Automotive Cyber-Physical Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al Faruque, Mohammad Abdullah

    Multi-Disciplinary Integrated Design Automation Tool for Automotive Cyber-Physical Systems for the development of multi-disciplinary automotive cyber- physical systems. We show how system-level simulation. INTRODUCTION The current automotive design process is complex and multi- disciplinary. The design is passed

  17. MODELING AND VERIFICATION OF REAL-TIME AND CYBER-PHYSICAL SYSTEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gupta, Gopal

    MODELING AND VERIFICATION OF REAL-TIME AND CYBER-PHYSICAL SYSTEMS by Neda Saeedloei APPROVED Copyright 2011 Neda Saeedloei All Rights Reserved #12;To my mother. #12;MODELING AND VERIFICATION OF REAL-TIME AND CYBER-PHYSICAL SYSTEMS by NEDA SAEEDLOEI, B.S., M.S. DISSERTATION Presented to the Faculty

  18. Network Intrusion Detection and Visualization using Aggregations in a Cyber Security Data Warehouse

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Czejdo, Bogdan; Ferragut, Erik M; Goodall, John R; Laska, Jason A

    2012-01-01

    The challenge of achieving situational understanding is a limiting factor in effective, timely, and adaptive cyber-security analysis. Anomaly detection fills a critical role in network assessment and trend analysis, both of which underlie the establishment of comprehensive situational understanding. To that end, we propose a cyber security data warehouse implemented as a hierarchical graph of aggregations that captures anomalies at multiple scales. Each node of our pro-posed graph is a summarization table of cyber event aggregations, and the edges are aggregation operators. The cyber security data warehouse enables domain experts to quickly traverse a multi-scale aggregation space systematically. We describe the architecture of a test bed system and a summary of results on the IEEE VAST 2012 Cyber Forensics data.

  19. Cyber Science and Security - An R&D Partnership at LLNL

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brase, J; Henson, V

    2011-03-11

    Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory has established a mechanism for partnership that integrates the high-performance computing capabilities of the National Labs, the network and cyber technology expertise of leading information technology companies, and the long-term research vision of leading academic cyber programs. The Cyber Science and Security Center is designed to be a working partnership among Laboratory, Industrial, and Academic institutions, and provides all three with a shared R&D environment, technical information sharing, sophisticated high-performance computing facilities, and data resources for the partner institutions and sponsors. The CSSC model is an institution where partner organizations can work singly or in groups on the most pressing problems of cyber security, where shared vision and mutual leveraging of expertise and facilities can produce results and tools at the cutting edge of cyber science.

  20. Tensions in collaborative cyber security and how they affect incident detection and response

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fink, Glenn A.; McKinnon, Archibald D.; Clements, Samuel L.; Frincke, Deborah A.

    2009-12-01

    Security often requires collaboration, but when multiple stakeholders are involved, it is typical for their priorities to differ or even conflict with one another. In today’s increasingly networked world, cyber security collaborations may span organizations and countries. In this chapter, we address collaboration tensions, their effects on incident detection and response, and how these tensions may potentially be resolved. We present three case studies of collaborative cyber security within the U.S. government and discuss technical, social, and regulatory challenges to collaborative cyber security. We suggest possible solutions, and present lessons learned from conflicts. Finally, we compare collaborative solutions from other domains and apply them to cyber security collaboration. Although we concentrate our analysis on collaborations whose purpose is to achieve cyber security, we believe that this work applies readily to security tensions found in collaborations of a general nature as well.

  1. Networks, deregulation, and risk : the politics of critical infrastructure protection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellis, Ryan Nelson

    2011-01-01

    electric power grid, in aggregate, comprised a web of functionally discrete and autonomous linked systems. Note: transmission lines

  2. Networks, deregulation, and risk : the politics of critical infrastructure protection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellis, Ryan Nelson

    2011-01-01

    Laborious: Computing Electric Power Transmission Before theLaborious: Computing Electric Power Transmission Before thein the generation and transmission of electric power. 88 As

  3. Networks, deregulation, and risk : the politics of critical infrastructure protection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellis, Ryan Nelson

    2011-01-01

    of Michigan Press, Arthur D. Little. ?A Description of theOn this point, see Arthur D. Little. ?The U.S. Post Office6 years passed. See, Arthur D. Little. ?A Description of the

  4. Networks, deregulation, and risk : the politics of critical infrastructure protection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellis, Ryan Nelson

    2011-01-01

    Annual Reports and Congressional testimony, the PostmasterLikewise, during Congressional testimony Postmaster GeneralBurrus during Congressional Testimony, noted in forceful

  5. Networks, deregulation, and risk : the politics of critical infrastructure protection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellis, Ryan Nelson

    2011-01-01

    shipments of hazardous materials became an area of publicshipments of hazardous cargo near urban areas, but exhibitto reroute hazardous cargoes away from urban areas.

  6. Networks, deregulation, and risk : the politics of critical infrastructure protection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellis, Ryan Nelson

    2011-01-01

    A Brief History of SCADA/EMS. ?; Gordon Friedlander. ?2009. 67-69; OE. National SCADA Test Bed Program. 4; BriData Acquisition Systems (SCADA). Idaho National Engineering

  7. Networks, deregulation, and risk : the politics of critical infrastructure protection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellis, Ryan Nelson

    2011-01-01

    James L. The California Energy Crisis. Stanford, CA: HooverSweeney. The California Energy Crisis. 11-15; Hirsh. PowerThe California Energy Crisis. 17; Joskow. ?Deregulation and

  8. Networks, deregulation, and risk : the politics of critical infrastructure protection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellis, Ryan Nelson

    2011-01-01

    consumers joined independent power producers in pursuing theand aided growth of independent power producers. As statesthe growth of independent power producers created a new

  9. Networks, deregulation, and risk : the politics of critical infrastructure protection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellis, Ryan Nelson

    2011-01-01

    nature of the grid and inadequate security jeopardizes thecyber-security and the electric power grid; and finally theand security—diverge. The interdependent nature of the power grid, and

  10. Networks, deregulation, and risk : the politics of critical infrastructure protection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellis, Ryan Nelson

    2011-01-01

    situated throughout the power grid, rather than a singleand the electric power grid—and considers the ways in whichthe postal system, the electric power grid, and freight rail

  11. Networks, deregulation, and risk : the politics of critical infrastructure protection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellis, Ryan Nelson

    2011-01-01

    before Subcommittee on National Security, Emerging Threatsbefore Subcommittee on National Security, Emerging ThreatsEnergy Strategy for National Security. Andover, MA: Brick

  12. Networks, deregulation, and risk : the politics of critical infrastructure protection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellis, Ryan Nelson

    2011-01-01

    Causes of the August 14th Blackout in the United States andThe possibility that the blackout could have been caused byBush Doesn‘t Let Blackout Upset Lunch with Troops. ? New

  13. Networks, deregulation, and risk : the politics of critical infrastructure protection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellis, Ryan Nelson

    2011-01-01

    Age. ? Executive Order 13231. Oct. 16, 2001. -- -- --. ?Age. ? Executive Order 13231. Oct. 16, 2001; Uniting andAge. ? Executive Order 13231. Oct. 16, 2001; Uniting and

  14. Networks, deregulation, and risk : the politics of critical infrastructure protection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellis, Ryan Nelson

    2011-01-01

    technologies. Cogeneration plants by the 1990s could beatcogeneration, as a by-product of industrial processes, while isolated plants,

  15. Networks, deregulation, and risk : the politics of critical infrastructure protection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellis, Ryan Nelson

    2011-01-01

    1999. -- -- --. The Internet of Things: The Final Report ofTask Force. The Internet of Things: The Final Report of theTask Force. The Internet of Things. 5. Ibid. 34. Intelligent

  16. CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE PROTECTION Multiple Efforts to Secure Control

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann JacksonDepartment|Marketing, LLCEfficiencyCOP 21: The Revolution WillSuperstormSystems Are

  17. NISTIR 7823 Advanced Metering Infrastructure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    by providing technical leadership for the Nation's measurement and standards infrastructure. ITL develops tests of management, administrative, technical, and physical standards and guidelines for the cost-effective security Michaela Iorga Computer Security Division Information Technology Laboratory National Institute of Standards

  18. Campus Energy Infrastructure Steam Turbine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rose, Michael R.

    Campus Energy Infrastructure Steam Turbine Gas Turbine University Substation High Pressure Natural,000 lbs/hr (with duct fire) Steam Turbine Chiller 2,000 tons Campus Heat Load 60 MMBtu/hr (average) Campus-hours) Generator Generator Heat Recovery Alternative Uses: 1. Campus heating load 2. Steam turbine chiller

  19. Participatory infrastructure monitoring : design factors and limitations of accountability technologies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Offenhuber, Dietmar

    2014-01-01

    This dissertation investigates practices of participatory infrastructure monitoring and their implications for the governance of urban infrastructure services. By introducing the concept of infrastructure legibility, the ...

  20. U.S. Department of Energy Cyber Strategy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematics AndBeryllium Disease |RecordsDepartment ofEnergy TheDepartmentfor New NuclearDepartmentCYBER

  1. Smart Grid Embedded Cyber Security: Ensuring Security While Promoting Interoperability 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ragsdale, G.

    2010-01-01

    Cyber Security: Ensuring Security While Promoting Interoperability Communications and Embedded Systems Department Southwest Research Institute Gary Ragsdale, Ph.D., P.E. August 24 ? 25, 2010 ESL-HH-10-08-09 Proceedings of the 17th Symposium... for Improving Building Systems in Hot and Humid Climates Austin Texas August 24-25, 2010 Southwest Research Institute 1947 J. Dan Bates 2009 ? 60+ years, founded 1947 ? 3200+ employees ? 4000+ R&D projects/yr. ? $500M revenue ? 1200 acres ? 170 buildings...

  2. Probabilistic Characterization of Adversary Behavior in Cyber Security

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meyers, C A; Powers, S S; Faissol, D M

    2009-10-08

    The objective of this SMS effort is to provide a probabilistic characterization of adversary behavior in cyber security. This includes both quantitative (data analysis) and qualitative (literature review) components. A set of real LLNL email data was obtained for this study, consisting of several years worth of unfiltered traffic sent to a selection of addresses at ciac.org. The email data was subjected to three interrelated analyses: a textual study of the header data and subject matter, an examination of threats present in message attachments, and a characterization of the maliciousness of embedded URLs.

  3. Department of Energy's July 2013 Cyber Security Breach

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergy A plug-in electricLaboratoryof Energy ElevenLGJuly 2013 Cyber Security Breach

  4. Sandia Energy - Sandia Cyber Engineering Research Laboratory (CERL)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust, High-Throughput AnalysisSinkhole Officials Turn toRandallFormally Opens Cyber

  5. Management of Naval Reactors' Cyber Security Program, OIG-0884

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i nAand DOE Safetyof Energy This RevisionMakingBillHanfordUSReactors' Cyber

  6. Lab hosts multi-lab cyber security games

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformationJesse Bergkamp Graduate student Subtask22BackgroundLab hosts multi-lab cyber

  7. Florida State University Telecommunications Infrastructure Standard

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Document developed by: Information Technology Services Network Infrastructure Division #12;Florida State University ­ ITS Telecommunications Infrastructure Standards 2 INTRODUCTION ........3 REVISION HISTORY Information Technology Services Network & Communications Technology Division 644 W. Call Street Tallahassee

  8. Road Infrastructure and Climate Change in Vietnam

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chinowsky, Paul

    Climate change is a potential threat to Vietnam’s development as current and future infrastructure will be vulnerable to climate change impacts. This paper focuses on the physical asset of road infrastructure in Vietnam ...

  9. National Environmental Information Infrastructure Reference Architecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenslade, Diana

    National Environmental Information Infrastructure Reference Architecture Consultation Draft Contributing to the Australian Government National Plan for Environmental Information initiative #12;National Environmental Information Infrastructure Reference Architecture: Consultation Draft Environmental Information

  10. The Electricity and Transportation Infrastructure Convergence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Electricity and Transportation Infrastructure Convergence Using Electrical Vehicles Final Project Report Power Systems Engineering Research Center Empowering Minds to Engineer the Future Electric Energy System #12;#12;The Electricity and Transportation Infrastructure Convergence Using Electrical

  11. SEISMIC ENGINEERING RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURES FOR EUROPEAN SYNERGIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SERIES SEISMIC ENGINEERING RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURES FOR EUROPEAN SYNERGIES COMMISSION;SEISMIC ENGINEERING RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURES FOR EUROPEAN SYNERGIES LNEC/NESDE Main activities · Seismic action characterization studies, seismic hazard and seismic risk · Seismic assessment of structures

  12. Office of National Infrastructure & Sustainability | National...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Twitter Youtube Flickr RSS People Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure...

  13. EV Everywhere Consumer Acceptance and Charging Infrastructure...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Workshop Introduction EV Everywhere Consumer Acceptance and Charging Infrastructure Workshop Introduction Presentation given at the EV Everywhere Grand Challenge: Consumer...

  14. Cyber-Physical System Security With Deceptive Virtual Hosts for Industrial Control Networks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vollmer, Todd; Manic, Milos

    2014-05-01

    A challenge facing industrial control network administrators is protecting the typically large number of connected assets for which they are responsible. These cyber devices may be tightly coupled with the physical processes they control and human induced failures risk dire real-world consequences. Dynamic virtual honeypots are effective tools for observing and attracting network intruder activity. This paper presents a design and implementation for self-configuring honeypots that passively examine control system network traffic and actively adapt to the observed environment. In contrast to prior work in the field, six tools were analyzed for suitability of network entity information gathering. Ettercap, an established network security tool not commonly used in this capacity, outperformed the other tools and was chosen for implementation. Utilizing Ettercap XML output, a novel four-step algorithm was developed for autonomous creation and update of a Honeyd configuration. This algorithm was tested on an existing small campus grid and sensor network by execution of a collaborative usage scenario. Automatically created virtual hosts were deployed in concert with an anomaly behavior (AB) system in an attack scenario. Virtual hosts were automatically configured with unique emulated network stack behaviors for 92% of the targeted devices. The AB system alerted on 100% of the monitored emulated devices.

  15. Cyber-Physical System Security With Deceptive Virtual Hosts for Industrial Control Networks

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Vollmer, Todd; Manic, Milos

    2014-05-01

    A challenge facing industrial control network administrators is protecting the typically large number of connected assets for which they are responsible. These cyber devices may be tightly coupled with the physical processes they control and human induced failures risk dire real-world consequences. Dynamic virtual honeypots are effective tools for observing and attracting network intruder activity. This paper presents a design and implementation for self-configuring honeypots that passively examine control system network traffic and actively adapt to the observed environment. In contrast to prior work in the field, six tools were analyzed for suitability of network entity information gathering. Ettercap, anmore »established network security tool not commonly used in this capacity, outperformed the other tools and was chosen for implementation. Utilizing Ettercap XML output, a novel four-step algorithm was developed for autonomous creation and update of a Honeyd configuration. This algorithm was tested on an existing small campus grid and sensor network by execution of a collaborative usage scenario. Automatically created virtual hosts were deployed in concert with an anomaly behavior (AB) system in an attack scenario. Virtual hosts were automatically configured with unique emulated network stack behaviors for 92% of the targeted devices. The AB system alerted on 100% of the monitored emulated devices.« less

  16. Towards Collaborative Robots for Infrastructure Security Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guo, Yi

    , infrastructure security and monitoring of sensitive national security sites (e.g. nuclear facilities, powerTowards Collaborative Robots for Infrastructure Security Applications Yi Guo School of Electrical.madhavan@nist.gov Abstract-- We discuss techniques towards using collaborative robots for infrastructure security

  17. cybersecurity.pnnl.gov Securing the Nation's Critical Infrastructure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    : » Global Threat Intelligence » Electric Grid Security » Cyber Physical Systems » Bio-inspired Security and evaluating safeguards, we can provide a better defense against threats or adversaries. Electric Grid Security PNNL is leading the charge to secure a safer and more reliable grid. We are currently developing cyber

  18. COSPAR Roadmap team v. 2014/07/281 Advancing space weather science to protect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schrijver, Karel

    COSPAR Roadmap team v. 2014/07/281 Advancing space weather science to protect society's technological infrastructure: a COSPAR/ILWS roadmap Advancing space weather science to protect society's technological infrastructure: a COSPAR/ILWS roadmap · Alan Aylward; University College London, UK · Sarah Gibson

  19. Cyber Security Summer School: Lessons for the Modern Grid

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Energy Department has partnered with a university-based project performing cutting-edge research to improve the way electric infrastructure is built, increasing the security and reliability of the grid.

  20. Infrastructure Ecology for Sustainable and Resilient Urban Infrastructure Design

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jeong, Hyunju; Pandit, Arka; Crittenden, John; Xu, Ming; Perrings, Charles; Wang, Dali; Li, Ke; French, Steve

    2010-10-01

    The population growth coupled with increasing urbanization is predicted to exert a huge demand on the growth and retrofit of urban infrastructure, particularly in water and energy systems. The U.S. population is estimated to grow by 23% (UN, 2009) between 2005 and 2030. The corresponding increases in energy and water demand were predicted as 14% (EIA, 2009) and 20% (Elcock, 2008), respectively. The water-energy nexus needs to be better understood to satisfy the increased demand in a sustainable manner without conflicting with environmental and economic constraints. Overall, 4% of U.S. power generation is used for water distribution (80%) and treatment (20%). 3% of U.S. water consumption (100 billion gallons per day, or 100 BGD) and 40% of U.S. water withdrawal (340 BGD) are for thermoelectric power generation (Goldstein and Smith, 2002). The water demand for energy production is predicted to increase most significantly among the water consumption sectors by 2030. On the other hand, due to the dearth of conventional water sources, energy intensive technologies are increasingly in use to treat seawater and brackish groundwater for water supply. Thus comprehending the interrelation and interdependency between water and energy system is imperative to evaluate sustainable water and energy supply alternatives for cities. In addition to the water-energy nexus, decentralized or distributed concept is also beneficial for designing sustainable water and energy infrastructure as these alternatives require lesser distribution lines and space in a compact urban area. Especially, the distributed energy infrastructure is more suited to interconnect various large and small scale renewable energy producers which can be expected to mitigate greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. In the case of decentralized water infrastructure, on-site wastewater treatment facility can provide multiple benefits. Firstly, it reduces the potable water demand by reusing the treated water for non-potable uses and secondly, it also reduces the wastewater load to central facility. In addition, lesser dependency on the distribution network contributes to increased reliability and resiliency of the infrastructure. The goal of this research is to develop a framework which seeks an optimal combination of decentralized water and energy alternatives and centralized infrastructures based on physical and socio-economic environments of a region. Centralized and decentralized options related to water, wastewater and stormwater and distributed energy alternatives including photovoltaic (PV) generators, fuel cells and microturbines are investigated. In the context of the water-energy nexus, water recovery from energy alternatives and energy recovery from water alternatives are reflected. Alternatives recapturing nutrients from wastewater are also considered to conserve depleting resources. The alternatives are evaluated in terms of their life-cycle environmental impact and economic performance using a hybrid life cycle assessment (LCA) tool and cost benefit analysis, respectively. Meeting the increasing demand of a test bed, an optimal combination of the alternatives is designed to minimize environmental and economic impacts including CO2 emissions, human health risk, natural resource use, and construction and operation cost. The framework determines the optimal combination depending on urban density, transmission or conveyance distance or network, geology, climate, etc. Therefore, it will be also able to evaluate infrastructure resiliency against physical and socio-economic challenges such as population growth, severe weather, energy and water shortage, economic crisis, and so on.

  1. QER Public Meeting in Washington, DC: Enhancing Energy Infrastructure...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Washington, DC: Enhancing Energy Infrastructure Resiliency and Addressing Vulnerabilities QER Public Meeting in Washington, DC: Enhancing Energy Infrastructure Resiliency and...

  2. Sandia Energy - Water Infrastructure Security

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    sources and water distribution systems are protected from accidental of intentional contamination events and that reliable systems are in place should an event occur. As water...

  3. A Real-Time Testbed Environment for Cyber-Physical Security on the Power Grid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koutsandria, Georgia; Gentz, Reinhard; Jamei, Mahdi; Peisert, Sean; Scaglione, Anna; McParland, Chuck

    2015-01-01

    T. Overbye, and D. Nicol. SCADA Cyber Security TestbedA Testbed for Secure and Robust SCADA Systems. SIGBED Rev. ,for Analyzing Security of SCADA Control Systems (TASSCS). In

  4. Networked Control Systems under Cyber Attacks with Applications to Power Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johansson, Karl Henrik

    acquisition (SCADA) systems. Several cyber attacks on SCADA systems operating power networks have been reported [3], and major blackouts are due to the misuse of the SCADA systems [4]. Power networks, being

  5. Real-Time Wireless Sensor-Actuator Networks for Industrial Cyber-Physical Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, Chenyang

    and experimentation of industrial WSAN protocols; (3) cyber-physical co-design of wireless control systems [1], HART [2], WINA [3] and ZigBee [4] have been actively pushing the application of wireless

  6. Strategic philanthropy for cyber security : an extended cost-benefit analysis framework to study cybersecurity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cho, Yiseul

    2012-01-01

    The international climate of cyber security is dramatically changing and thus unpredictable. As such, agile yet sustainable solutions are needed, along with an effective and a pragmatic evaluation framework to assess and ...

  7. A Real-Time Testbed Environment for Cyber-Physical Security on the Power Grid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koutsandria, Georgia; Gentz, Reinhard; Jamei, Mahdi; Peisert, Sean; Scaglione, Anna; McParland, Chuck

    2015-01-01

    Physical Security on the Power Grid Georgia KoutsandriaSecurity Testbeds: Architecture, Application, and Evaluation for Smart Grid.and security of cyber-physical systems (CPSs), such as the power grid,

  8. Pricing and Investments in Internet Security: A Cyber-Insurance Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pal, Ranjan

    2011-01-01

    Internet users such as individuals and organizations are subject to different types of epidemic risks such as worms, viruses, spams, and botnets. To reduce the probability of risk, an Internet user generally invests in traditional security mechanisms like anti-virus and anti-spam software, sometimes also known as self-defense mechanisms. However, such software does not completely eliminate risk. Recent works have considered the problem of residual risk elimination by proposing the idea of cyber-insurance. In this regard, an important research problem is the analysis of optimal user self-defense investments and cyber-insurance contracts under the Internet environment. In this paper, we investigate two problems and their relationship: 1) analyzing optimal self-defense investments in the Internet, under optimal cyber-insurance coverage, where optimality is an insurer objective and 2) designing optimal cyber-insurance contracts for Internet users, where a contract is a (premium, coverage) pair.

  9. Cyber-Insurance in Internet Security: A Dig into the Information Asymmetry Problem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pal, Ranjan

    2012-01-01

    Internet users such as individuals and organizations are subject to different types of epidemic risks such as worms, viruses, spams, and botnets. To reduce the probability of risk, an Internet user generally invests in traditional security mechanisms like anti-virus and anti-spam software, sometimes also known as \\emph{self-defense} mechanisms. However, according to security experts, such software (and their subsequent advancements) will not completely eliminate risk. Recent research efforts have considered the problem of residual risk elimination by proposing the idea of \\emph{cyber-insurance}. In this regard, an important research problem is resolving information asymmetry issues associated with cyber-insurance contracts. In this paper we propose \\emph{three} mechanisms to resolve information asymmetry in cyber-insurance. Our mechanisms are based on the \\emph{Principal-Agent} (PA) model in microeconomic theory. We show that (1) optimal cyber-insurance contracts induced by our mechanisms only provide partial...

  10. Critical Infrastructure for Ocean Research and Societal Needs in 2030

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    National Research Council

    2011-04-22

    The United States has jurisdiction over 3.4 million square miles of ocean�an expanse greater than the land area of all fifty states combined. This vast marine area offers researchers opportunities to investigate the ocean�s role in an integrated Earth system, but also presents challenges to society, including damaging tsunamis and hurricanes, industrial accidents, and outbreaks of waterborne diseases. The 2010 Gulf of Mexico Deepwater Horizon oil spill and 2011 Japanese earthquake and tsunami are vivid reminders that a broad range of infrastructure is needed to advance our still-incomplete understanding of the ocean. The National Research Council (NRC)�s Ocean Studies Board was asked by the National Science and Technology Council�s Subcommittee on Ocean Science and Technology, comprised of 25 U.S. government agencies, to examine infrastructure needs for ocean research in the year 2030. This request reflects concern, among a myriad of marine issues, over the present state of aging and obsolete infrastructure, insufficient capacity, growing technological gaps, and declining national leadership in marine technological development; issues brought to the nation�s attention in 2004 by the U.S. Commission on Ocean Policy. A 15-member committee of experts identified four themes that encompass 32 future ocean research questions�enabling stewardship of the environment, protecting life and property, promoting economic vitality, and increasing fundamental scientific understanding. Many of the questions in the report (e.g., sea level rise, sustainable fisheries, the global water cycle) reflect challenging, multidisciplinary science questions that are clearly relevant today, and are likely to take decades of effort to solve. As such, U.S. ocean research will require a growing suite of ocean infrastructure for a range of activities, such as high quality, sustained time series observations or autonomous monitoring at a broad range of spatial and temporal scales. Consequently, a coordinated national plan for making future strategic investments becomes an imperative to address societal needs. Such a plan should be based upon known priorities and should be reviewed every 5-10 years to optimize the federal investment. The committee examined the past 20 years of technological advances and ocean infrastructure investments (such as the rise in use of self-propelled, uncrewed, underwater autonomous vehicles), assessed infrastructure that would be required to address future ocean research questions, and characterized ocean infrastructure trends for 2030. One conclusion was that ships will continue to be essential, especially because they provide a platform for enabling other infrastructure � autonomous and remotely operated vehicles; samplers and sensors; moorings and cabled systems; and perhaps most importantly, the human assets of scientists, technical staff, and students. A comprehensive, long-term research fleet plan should be implemented in order to retain access to the sea. The current report also calls for continuing U.S. capability to access fully and partially ice-covered seas; supporting innovation, particularly the development of biogeochemical sensors; enhancing computing and modeling capacity and capability; establishing broadly accessible data management facilities; and increasing interdisciplinary education and promoting a technically-skilled workforce. The committee also provided a framework for prioritizing future investment in ocean infrastructure. They recommend that development, maintenance, or replacement of ocean research infrastructure assets should be prioritized in terms of societal benefit, with particular consideration given to usefulness for addressing important science questions; affordability, efficiency, and longevity; and ability to contribute to other missions or applications. These criteria are the foundation for prioritizing ocean research infrastructure investments by estimating

  11. Cyber in the Cloud -- Lessons Learned from INL's Cloud E-Mail Acquisition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Troy Hiltbrand; Daniel Jones

    2012-12-01

    As we look at the cyber security ecosystem, are we planning to fight the battle as we did yesterday, with firewalls and intrusion detection systems (IDS), or are we sensing a change in how security is evolving and planning accordingly? With the technology enablement and possible financial benefits of cloud computing, the traditional tools for establishing and maintaining our cyber security ecosystems are being dramatically altered.

  12. infrastructure

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal GasAdministration Medal01 Sandia4) August 20123/%2A en46Afed feedholiday |hpc2/%2A en

  13. Infrastructure

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACT EVALUATION PLAN FOR THEVorticesInformation|

  14. Assessing the Vulnerability of Large Critical Infrastructure Using Fully-Coupled Blast Effects Modeling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McMichael, L D; Noble, C R; Margraf, J D; Glascoe, L G

    2009-03-26

    Structural failures, such as the MacArthur Maze I-880 overpass in Oakland, California and the I-35 bridge in Minneapolis, Minnesota, are recent examples of our national infrastructure's fragility and serve as an important reminder of such infrastructure in our everyday lives. These two failures, as well as the World Trade Center's collapse and the levee failures in New Orleans, highlight the national importance of protecting our infrastructure as much as possible against acts of terrorism and natural hazards. This paper describes a process for evaluating the vulnerability of critical infrastructure to large blast loads using a fully-coupled finite element approach. A description of the finite element software and modeling technique is discussed along with the experimental validation of the numerical tools. We discuss how such an approach can be used for specific problems such as modeling the progressive collapse of a building.

  15. material protection

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    %2A en Office of Weapons Material Protection http:www.nnsa.energy.govaboutusourprogramsnonproliferationprogramofficesinternationalmaterialprotectionandcooperation-1

  16. Cyber-Security Considerations for the Smart Grid

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clements, Samuel L.; Kirkham, Harold

    2010-07-26

    The electrical power grid is evolving into the “smart grid”. The goal of the smart grid is to improve efficiency and availability of power by adding more monitoring and control capabilities. These new technologies and mechanisms are certain to introduce vulnerabilities into the power grid. In this paper we provide an overview of the cyber security state of the electrical power grid. We highlight some of the vulnerabilities that already exist in the power grid including limited capacity systems, implicit trust and the lack of authentication. We also address challenges of complexity, scale, added capabilities and the move to multipurpose hardware and software as the power grid is upgraded. These changes create vulnerabilities that did not exist before and bring increased risks. We conclude the paper by showing that there are a number mitigation strategies that can help keep the risk at an acceptable level.

  17. Resilient Infrastructure | Argonne National Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation of Fe(II) byMultiday ProductionDesigning Resilient Infrastructure: The Argonne

  18. Transportation Perspectives on Automotive Cyber Physical System: Integrating Hardware-in-the-Loop, Software-in-the-Loop and Human-in-the-Loop Simulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rajkumar, Ragunathan "Raj"

    1 Transportation Perspectives on Automotive Cyber Physical System: Integrating Hardware and development environment to evaluate automotive cyber physical system (CPS) as well as its components foundation of the automotive CPS for developing and testing vehicular networking and sensing technologies

  19. Microsoft Word - Critical Infrastructure Security and Resilience...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    White House Office of the Press Secretary For Immediate Release October 31, 2013 Presidential Proclamation -- Critical Infrastructure Security and Resilience Month, 2013 CRITICAL...

  20. Geographically Based Hydrogen Demand and Infrastructure Rollout...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Rollout Scenario Analysis Geographically Based Hydrogen Demand and Infrastructure Rollout Scenario Analysis Presentation by Margo Melendez at the 2010-2025 Scenario Analysis for...

  1. Geographically Based Hydrogen Demand and Infrastructure Analysis...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Analysis Geographically Based Hydrogen Demand and Infrastructure Analysis Presentation by NREL's Margo Melendez at the 2010 - 2025 Scenario Analysis for Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicles...

  2. Refueling Infrastructure for Alternative Fuel Vehicles: Lessons...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    California fry.pdf More Documents & Publications HYDROGEN TO THE HIGHWAYS NREL Alt Fuel Lessons Learned: Hydrogen Infrastructure Safety Analysis of Type 4 Tanks in CNG Vehicles...

  3. Natural Gas and Hydrogen Infrastructure Opportunities: Markets...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Opportunities: Markets and Barriers to Growth Natural Gas and Hydrogen Infrastructure Opportunities: Markets and Barriers to Growth Presentation by Matt Most, Encana Natural Gas,...

  4. EV Everywhere Consumer Acceptance and Charging Infrastructure...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Backsplash for the EV Everywhere Grand Challenge: Consumer Acceptance and Charging Infrastructure Workshop on July 30, 2012 held at the LAX Marriott, Los Angeles, CA...

  5. EV Everywhere Consumer Acceptance and Charging Infrastructure...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Consumer Acceptance and Public Policy Group C Breakout Report EV Everywhere Consumer Acceptance and Charging Infrastructure Workshop: Consumer Acceptance and Public Policy Group C...

  6. EV Everywhere Consumer Acceptance and Charging Infrastructure...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Consumer Acceptance Group A Breakout Report EV Everywhere Consumer Acceptance and Charging Infrastructure Workshop: Consumer Acceptance Group A Breakout Report Breakout session...

  7. Hydrogen Infrastructure Market Readiness: Opportunities and Potential...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Opportunities and Potential for Near-term Cost Reductions. Proceedings of the Hydrogen Infrastructure Market Readiness Workshop and Summary of Feedback Provided through the...

  8. International Hydrogen Infrastructure Challenges Workshop Summary...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    presentation slides from the DOE Fuel Cell Technologies Office webinar "International Hydrogen Infrastructure Challenges Workshop Summary - NOW, NEDO, and DOE" held on December 16,...

  9. 2nd International Hydrogen Infrastructure Challenges Webinar

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Text version and video recording of the webinar titled "2nd International Hydrogen Infrastructure Challenges Webinar," originally presented on March 10, 2015.

  10. Hydrogen Vehicle and Infrastructure Demonstration and Validation...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    & Publications HYDROGEN TO THE HIGHWAYS Refueling Infrastructure for Alternative Fuel Vehicles: Lessons Learned for Hydrogen Safety Analysis of Type 4 Tanks in CNG Vehicles...

  11. Alternative Ways of Financing Infrastructure Investment: Potential...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Alternative Ways of Financing Infrastructure Investment: Potential for 'Novel' Financing Models Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Alternative Ways of...

  12. Hydrogen Delivery Infrastructure Analysis, Options and Trade...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Analysis, Options and Trade-offs, Transition and Long-term Hydrogen Delivery Infrastructure Analysis, Options and Trade-offs, Transition and Long-term Presentation on Hydrogen...

  13. Refueling Infrastructure for Alternative Fuel Vehicles: Lessons...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Proceedings from the DOE sponsored Refueling Infrastructure for Alternative Fuel Vehicles: Lessons Learned for Hydrogen workshop to understand how lessons from past experiences can...

  14. ITL BULLETIN FOR OCTOBER 2010 CYBER SECURITY STRATEGIES FOR THE SMART GRID: PROTECTING THE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the Smart Grid is available from the NIST Web page http://nist.gov/smartgrid/. Identification of Standards

  15. Collaborative Defense of Transmission and Distribution Protection and Control Devices against Cyber Attacks (CODEF)

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based Fuels|Programs |Chart ofClark EnergyClosing GapsClaude R.Combustion

  16. Cloudy with a Chance of Breach: Forecasting Cyber Security Incidents Yang Liu1, Armin Sarabi1, Jing Zhang1, Parinaz Naghizadeh1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Mingyan

    Cloudy with a Chance of Breach: Forecasting Cyber Security Incidents Yang Liu1, Armin Sarabi1, Jing In this study we characterize the extent to which cyber security incidents, such as those referenced by Verizon to understand the extent to which one can forecast if an organization may suffer a cyber security incident

  17. Proceedings of Student-Faculty Research Day, CSIS, Pace University, May 3rd A Frame Problem Approach for Adaptive Cyber Security Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tappert, Charles

    Problem Approach for Adaptive Cyber Security Design R. Shaikh, T. Bryla, and S. Ahmed Pace University in the context of network security counteraction against cyber-attacks. A simple simulator is designed extensions of this work. Key words: Frame Problem; Cyber-security Introduction With the growing popularity

  18. Computer Security Tips for Cyber Monday What could be more convenient than shopping on-line right from your laptop, desktop or mobile

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Emmons, Scott

    1 Computer Security Tips for Cyber Monday What could be more convenient than shopping on-line right victim. Here are some "cyber" security tips that can help you to avoid some of these inherent risks when around, you'd still be quite prudent to adopt an approach to cyber security akin to the "defensive

  19. Convergence for the Smart Grid -On the technology opportunities for Future Cyber-Physical Energy Systems, invited paper at New Research Directions for Future Cyber-Physical Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Los Angeles, University of

    Convergence for the Smart Grid - On the technology opportunities for Future Cyber-Physical Energy Angeles, CA. 90095 http://winmec.ucla.edu Email:smartgrid@winmec.ucla.edu Convergence for the Smart Grid into what the Future / Smart Electric Grid should look like. For example the DOE has a vision for the Modern

  20. Securing the information infrastructure for EV charging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poll, Erik

    Securing the information infrastructure for EV charging Fabian van den Broek1 , Erik Poll1 , and B for the information exchanges in the infrastructure for EV charging being tri- alled in the Netherlands, which. Key words: EV charging, congestion management, end-to-end security, smart grids 1 Introduction

  1. PEV Infrastructure Needs UC Davis Policy Institute

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    ,000 sales in 2012, ramp up to 20,000/yr in 2013 2012 Honda Fit EV 2012 Tesla Model S Infrastructure needs vary PEVs Available in 2012 Increasing Battery size, PHEV - BEV #12;5 PEV Charging Infrastructure · Tesla · Toyota Regional Government · CAPCOA, Sonoma · BAAQMD · SCAQMD Utilities · LADWP · PG&E · SCE

  2. Perspective: The Climate-Population-Infrastructure Modeling and Simulation Fertile Area for New Research

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Allen, Melissa R; Fernandez, Steven J; Walker, Kimberly A; Fu, Joshua S

    2014-01-01

    Managing the risks posed by climate change and extreme weather to energy production and delivery is a challenge to communities worldwide. As climate conditions change, populations will shift, and demand will re-locate; and networked infrastructures will evolve to accommodate new load centers, and, hopefully, minimize vulnerability to natural disaster. Climate effects such as sea level rise, increased frequency and intensity of natural disasters, force populations to move locations. Displaced population creates new demand for built infrastructure that in turn generates new economic activity that attracts new workers and associated households to the new locations. Infrastructures and their interdependencies will change in reaction to climate drivers as the networks expand into new population areas and as portions of the networks are abandoned as people leave. Thus, infrastructures will evolve to accommodate new load centers while some parts of the network are underused, and these changes will create emerging vulnerabilities. Forecasting the location of these vulnerabilities by combining climate predictions and agent based population movement models shows promise for defining these future population distributions and changes in coastal infrastructure configurations. By combining climate and weather data, engineering algorithms and social theory it has been only recently possible to examine electricity demand response to increased climactic temperatures, population relocation in response to extreme cyclonic events, consequent net population changes and new regional patterns in electricity demand. These emerging results suggest a research agenda of coupling these disparate modelling approaches to understand the implications of climate change for protecting the nation s critical infrastructure.

  3. Site Support Program Plan Infrastructure Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-09-26

    The Fiscal Year 1996 Infrastructure Program Site Support Program Plan addresses the mission objectives, workscope, work breakdown structures (WBS), management approach, and resource requirements for the Infrastructure Program. Attached to the plan are appendices that provide more detailed information associated with scope definition. The Hanford Site`s infrastructure has served the Site for nearly 50 years during defense materials production. Now with the challenges of the new environmental cleanup mission, Hanford`s infrastructure must meet current and future mission needs in a constrained budget environment, while complying with more stringent environmental, safety, and health regulations. The infrastructure requires upgrading, streamlining, and enhancement in order to successfully support the site mission of cleaning up the Site, research and development, and economic transition.

  4. A Model-Based Design of Cyber-Physical Energy Systems Mohammad Abdullah Al Faruque, Fereidoun Ahourai

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al Faruque, Mohammad Abdullah

    ]. However, the introduction of Distributed Energy Resources (DERs) including renewable sources, and newA Model-Based Design of Cyber-Physical Energy Systems Mohammad Abdullah Al Faruque, Fereidoun, CA, USA Email: {alfaruqu, fahourai}@uci.edu Abstract-- Cyber-Physical Energy Systems (CPES

  5. Automotive Cyber Physical Systems in the Context of Human Mobility Daniel Work, Alexandre Bayen, and Quinn Jacobson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Automotive Cyber Physical Systems in the Context of Human Mobility Daniel Work, Alexandre Bayen with other technologies. In the larger context of human mobility, the automotive CPS must become more open in the surrounding physical environment. II. FUNDAMENTAL LIMITATIONS OF THE EXISTING AUTOMOTIVE CYBER PHYSICAL SYSTEM

  6. A Case Study on the Model-Based Design and Integration of Automotive Cyber-Physical Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koutsoukos, Xenofon D.

    A Case Study on the Model-Based Design and Integration of Automotive Cyber-Physical Systems Di--Cyber-physical systems (CPS), such as automotive systems, are very difficult to design due to the tight interactions of an integrated automotive control system. The system is composed of two independently designed controllers

  7. The Impact of Secure OSs on Internet Security: What Cyber-Insurers Need to Know

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pal, Ranjan

    2012-01-01

    In recent years, researchers have proposed \\emph{cyber-insurance} as a suitable risk-management technique for enhancing security in Internet-like distributed systems. However, amongst other factors, information asymmetry between the insurer and the insured, and the inter-dependent and correlated nature of cyber risks have contributed in a big way to the failure of cyber-insurance markets. Security experts have argued in favor of operating system (OS) platform switching (ex., from Windows to Unix-based OSs) or secure OS adoption as being one of the techniques that can potentially mitigate the problems posing a challenge to successful cyber-insurance markets. In this regard we model OS platform switching dynamics using a \\emph{social gossip} mechanism and study three important questions related to the nature of the dynamics, for Internet-like distributed systems: (i) which type of networks should cyber-insurers target for insuring?, (ii) what are the bounds on the asymptotic performance level of a network, wher...

  8. Systematic Analysis of Cyber-Attacks on CPS Evaluating Applicability of DFD-based Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koutsoukos, Xenofon D.

    and airplanes, all kinds of unmanned vehicles, smart homes, smart cities, and various critical infrastructures

  9. Critical Infrastructure Interdependency Modeling: A Survey of U.S. and International Research

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2006-08-01

    The Nation’s health, wealth, and security rely on the production and distribution of certain goods and services. The array of physical assets, processes, and organizations across which these goods and services move are called "critical infrastructures".1 This statement is as true in the U.S. as in any country in the world. Recent world events such as the 9-11 terrorist attacks, London bombings, and gulf coast hurricanes have highlighted the importance of stable electric, gas and oil, water, transportation, banking and finance, and control and communication infrastructure systems. Be it through direct connectivity, policies and procedures, or geospatial proximity, most critical infrastructure systems interact. These interactions often create complex relationships, dependencies, and interdependencies that cross infrastructure boundaries. The modeling and analysis of interdependencies between critical infrastructure elements is a relatively new and very important field of study. The U.S. Technical Support Working Group (TSWG) has sponsored this survey to identify and describe this current area of research including the current activities in this field being conducted both in the U.S. and internationally. The main objective of this study is to develop a single source reference of critical infrastructure interdependency modeling tools (CIIMT) that could be applied to allow users to objectively assess the capabilities of CIIMT. This information will provide guidance for directing research and development to address the gaps in development. The results will inform researchers of the TSWG Infrastructure Protection Subgroup of research and development efforts and allow a more focused approach to addressing the needs of CIIMT end-user needs. This report first presents the field of infrastructure interdependency analysis, describes the survey methodology, and presents the leading research efforts in both a cumulative table and through individual datasheets. Data was collected from open source material and when possible through direct contact with the individuals leading the research.

  10. ISMS for Microsoft's Cloud Infrastructure 1 Information Security Management System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chaudhuri, Surajit

    ISMS for Microsoft's Cloud Infrastructure 1 Information Security Management System for Microsoft's Cloud Infrastructure Online Services Security and Compliance Executive summary This paper describes the Microsoft Cloud Infrastructure and Operations (MCIO) Information Security Management System (ISMS) program

  11. S E R I E S SEISMIC ENGINEERING RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S E R I E S SEISMIC ENGINEERING RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURES FOR EUROPEAN SYNERGIES COMMISSION Database: Architecture and implementation #12;SEISMIC ENGINEERING RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURES FOR EUROPEAN Conclusions #12;SEISMIC ENGINEERING RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURES FOR EUROPEAN SYNERGIES 3 SERIES Concluding

  12. S E R I E S SEISMIC ENGINEERING RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S E R I E S SEISMIC ENGINEERING RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURES FOR EUROPEAN SYNERGIES COMMISSION platform for distributed hybrid testing #12;SEISMIC ENGINEERING RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURES FOR EUROPEAN? Celestina Overview Implementation Validation Next steps #12;SEISMIC ENGINEERING RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURES

  13. SEISMIC ENGINEERING RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURES FOR EUROPEAN SYNERGIES ENISTAT: Experimental and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SEISMIC ENGINEERING RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURES FOR EUROPEAN SYNERGIES ENISTAT: Experimental-TA Project #12;SEISMIC ENGINEERING RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURES FOR EUROPEAN SYNERGIES Partners (Users) · METU Ragueneau · SCHOECK (Germany): Steffen Scheer, Seref Diler #12;SEISMIC ENGINEERING RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURES

  14. S E R I E S SEISMIC ENGINEERING RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S E R I E S SEISMIC ENGINEERING RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURES FOR EUROPEAN SYNERGIES COMMISSION and Civil Engineering Institute, Ljubljana, Slovenia #12;SEISMIC ENGINEERING RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURES · Numerical Simulations #12;SEISMIC ENGINEERING RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURES FOR EUROPEAN SYNERGIES Project

  15. A Secured Health Care Application Architecture for Cyber-Physical Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Jin; Lee, Sungyoung; Shu, Lei; Xia, Feng

    2012-01-01

    Cyber-physical systems (CPS) can be viewed as a new generation of systems with integrated control, communication and computational capabilities. Like the internet transformed how humans interact with one another, cyber-physical systems will transform how people interact with the physical world. Currently, the study of CPS is still in its infancy and there exist many research issues and challenges ranging from electricity power, health care, transportation and smart building etc. In this paper, an introduction of CPeSC3 (cyber physical enhanced secured wireless sensor networks (WSNs) integrated cloud computing for u-life care) architecture and its application to the health care monitoring and decision support systems is given. The proposed CPeSC3 architecture is composed of three main components, namely 1) communication core, 2) computation core, and 3) resource scheduling and management core. Detailed analysis and explanation are given for relevant models such as cloud computing, real time scheduling and secu...

  16. Combining Traditional Cyber Security Audit Data with Psychosocial Data: Towards Predictive Modeling for Insider Threat Mitigation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greitzer, Frank L.; Frincke, Deborah A.

    2010-09-01

    The purpose of this chapter is to motivate the combination of traditional cyber security audit data with psychosocial data, so as to move from an insider threat detection stance to one that enables prediction of potential insider presence. Two distinctive aspects of the approach are the objective of predicting or anticipating potential risks and the use of organizational data in addition to cyber data to support the analysis. The chapter describes the challenges of this endeavor and progress in defining a usable set of predictive indicators, developing a framework for integrating the analysis of organizational and cyber security data to yield predictions about possible insider exploits, and developing the knowledge base and reasoning capability of the system. We also outline the types of errors that one expects in a predictive system versus a detection system and discuss how those errors can affect the usefulness of the results.

  17. Growth of the NGV Market: Lessons Learned Roadmap for Infrastructure...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Growth of the NGV Market: Lessons Learned Roadmap for Infrastructure Development Growth of the NGV Market: Lessons Learned Roadmap for Infrastructure Development Presented at...

  18. SECURING OIL AND NATURAL GAS INFRASTRUCTURES IN THE NEW ECONOMY...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    SECURING OIL AND NATURAL GAS INFRASTRUCTURES IN THE NEW ECONOMY SECURING OIL AND NATURAL GAS INFRASTRUCTURES IN THE NEW ECONOMY Based on the finding of a growing potential...

  19. Improving Risk Assessment to Support State Energy Infrastructure...

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