Sample records for inequality strengthening democratic

  1. A Virtuous Cycle: Tracing Democratic Quality through Equality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ross, Ashley Dyan

    2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    of 75 countries. It is found that while equalities of education and sanitation services are significantly related to democratic quality, healthcare is not, nor is government capacity shown to iv play a significant role. To further explore this... used in the analysis to model public service inequalities as a result of democratic quality, government capacity, and country wealth. The data used are taken from surveys that offer subnational measures of education, healthcare, and sanitation...

  2. Democratic Neutrino Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dmitry Zhuridov

    2014-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

    New theory of neutrino masses and mixing is introduced. This theory is based on a simple S_3 symmetric democratic neutrino mass matrix, and predicts the neutrino mass spectrum of normal ordering. Taking into account the matter effect and proper averaging of the oscillations, this theory agrees with the variety of atmospheric, solar and accelerator neutrino data. Moreover, the absolute scale of the neutrino masses m of 0.03 eV is determined in this theory, using the atmospheric neutrino oscillation data. In case of tiny perturbations in the democratic mass matrix only one this scale parameter m allows to explain the mentioned above neutrino results, and the theory has huge predictive power.

  3. Dispersion strengthened copper

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sheinberg, H.; Meek, T.T.; Blake, R.D.

    1990-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

    A composition of matter is described which is comprised of copper and particles which are dispersed throughout the copper, where the particles are comprised of copper oxide and copper having a coating of copper oxide. A method for making this composition of matter is also described. This invention relates to the art of powder metallurgy and, more particularly, it relates to dispersion strengthened metals.

  4. Democratization in South America: a national or a regional process?.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seijmonson, S.D.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??This paper demonstrates how the South American nations democratized as a region. When one wants to know why democratization movements seem to know a regional… (more)

  5. Democracy, Redistribution and Inequality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Acemoglu, Daron

    2013-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we revisit the relationship between democracy, redistribution and inequality. We first explain the theoretical reasons why democracy is expected to increase redistribution and reduce inequality, and why this ...

  6. Executive Order 13423- Strengthening Federal Environmental, Energy...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    423- Strengthening Federal Environmental, Energy, and Transportation Management Executive Order 13423- Strengthening Federal Environmental, Energy, and Transportation Management It...

  7. Earth Matter Effect on Democratic Neutrinos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dmitry Zhuridov

    2014-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The neutrino propagation through the Earth is investigated in the framework of the democratic neutrino theory. In this theory the neutrino mixing angle theta-1-3 is approximately determined, which allows one to make a well defined neutrino oscillogram driven by the 1-3 mixing in the matter of the Earth. Significant differences in this oscillogram from the case of models with relatively small theta-1-3 are discussed.

  8. Background Report on Eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Warren, Tracy A [ORNL

    2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Each month, approximately 45,000 people die from violence, hunger, disease, and other effects of displacement as a result of war in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). The country is often said to be plagued by a 'resource curse.' During each period in history since its discovery by the West, the DRC has possessed the resources the world craves and the world has sought these without regard for the consequences to the Congolese people. The catastrophic consequences of Congo's history of natural resource exploitation are the direct and indirect death of millions of Congolese people. The current war in Congo is multi-causal in nature but explanations are often reduced to describing it as an ethic conflict based on objective grievance. Objective grievance such as inequality, ethnic tensions, land disputes, and lack of democracy do exist, but they are neither necessary nor sufficient to explain the cause of the violent conflict, and more importantly, they fall short in explaining why this conflict has continued for years. The reality is the conflict is an economic war in which the trade of conflict minerals, gold and the 3Ts (tin, tantalum, tungsten), is directly linked to the financial sustainability of the groups fighting each other in eastern DRC. Objective grievance is a by-product of the conflict, used to create a false but plausible moral justification to continue violence. This paper examines the history of conflict in the DRC and the socio-economic variables contributing to the current war fought over conflict minerals.

  9. Limitations on entropic Bell inequalities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ian T. Durham

    2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The derivation of Bell inequalities in terms of quantum statistical (thermodynamic) entropies is considered. Inequalities of the Wigner form are derived but shown to be extremely limiting in their applicability due to the nature of the density matrices involved. This also helps to identify a limitation in the Cerf-Adami inequalities.

  10. Negotiation and deliberation in Mexico's democratization process : six cases of legal reform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hernandez, Mara I. (Mara Isabel Hernandez Estrada)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation identifies political practices that increase negotiation effectiveness and democratic legitimacy simultaneously, as key enabling factors for democratization from within a hybrid regime. This finding runs ...

  11. Is Saskatchewan still social democratic?: A research brief

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saskatchewan, University of

    Is Saskatchewan still social democratic?: A research brief February 2012 Saskatchewan Election, University of Saskatchewan Dr. David McGrane, St. Thomas More College, University of Saskatchewan Dr. Stephen social democratic government in Saskatchewan in 1944, the province has been considered a bastion

  12. Introduction: Democratic Inequality The direction in which education starts a man will determine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Landweber, Laura

    at private school since seventh grade, and being partly from the Indian subcontinent hardly afforded one towns in poor nations. My father's village consisted of subsistence farmers; things like electricity west coast of Ireland. At the time she was born, her family pumped their own water, had no electricity

  13. Executive Order 13423: Strengthening Federal Environmental, Energy...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    text of Executive Order 13423: Strengthening Federal Environmental, Energy, and Transportation Management. eo13423.pdf More Documents & Publications Executive Order 13423-...

  14. LIVE: Meeting on Strengthening Deepwater Blowout Containment...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    leaders to discuss how to strengthen capabilities for responding to potential blowouts of oil and gas wells on the Outer Continental Shelf. The panel discussion will help guide...

  15. On the Penrose inequality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J Frauendiener

    2001-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this letter is to point out an argument which may ultimately lead to a rigorous proof of the Penrose inequality in the general case. The argument is a variation of Geroch's original proposal for a proof of the positive energy theorem which was later adapted by Jang and Wald to apply to initial data sets containing apparent horizons. The new input is to dispense with the a priori restriction to an initial data set and to use the four-dimensional structure of spacetime in an essential way.

  16. Energy Department Announces $13 Million to Strengthen Local Solar...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    13 Million to Strengthen Local Solar Markets and Spur Solar Deployment Across the United States Energy Department Announces 13 Million to Strengthen Local Solar Markets and Spur...

  17. The FY 2008 Budget Request - Twenty in Ten: Strengthening America...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    8 Budget Request - Twenty in Ten: Strengthening America's Energy Security The FY 2008 Budget Request - Twenty in Ten: Strengthening America's Energy Security DOE's Office of Energy...

  18. Bonus -- Cameras Designed to Strengthen Nuclear Security Can...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Bonus -- Cameras Designed to Strengthen Nuclear Security Can Also Detect Cancer Bonus -- Cameras Designed to Strengthen Nuclear Security Can Also Detect Cancer November 17, 2010 -...

  19. Hispanic Poverty and Inequality Grant Competition Stanford Center on Poverty and Inequality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Fei-Fei

    Hispanic Poverty and Inequality Grant Competition Stanford Center on Poverty and Inequality Request for Proposals The Stanford Center on Poverty and Inequality (CPI), a National Poverty Research Center funded by the Office

  20. Refinement of Inequalities among Means

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Inder Jeet Taneja

    2005-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we shall consider some famous means such as arithmetic, harmonic, geometric, root-square means, etc. Some new means recently studied are also presented. Different kinds of refinement of inequalities among these means are given.

  1. Anti-Abortion Democrats, Jimmy Carter Republicans, and the Missing Leap Day Babies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gelman, Andrew

    #12;#12;#12;#12;Anti-Abortion Democrats, Jimmy Carter Republicans, and the Missing Leap Day Babies;#12;#12;#12;#12;Jimmy Carter Republicans and George W. Bush Democrats #12;#12;#12;#12;Birthdays: The beginning #12

  2. Rhetoric and heresthetic in the Mississippi Freedom Party controversy at the 1964 Democratic Convention

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Battaglia, Adria

    2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Democratic Convention. Specifically, the focus is on the rhetorical discourse presented by the members of the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party, Fannie Lou Hamer in particular, at the Credentials Committee two days before the onset of the actual Convention...

  3. SCHNERCH, "Design Guidelines for Strengthening Steel Beams", 1/10 DESIGN GUIDELINES FOR STRENGTHENING OF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) materials for strengthening typical steel-concrete composite FOR STRENGTHENING OF STEEL-CONCRETE COMPOSITE BEAMS WITH HIGH MODULUS CFRP MATERIALS David Schnerch Wiss, Janney of the required geometric configuration and material properties of the composite materials. The design procedure

  4. EPR Steering Inequalities from Entropic Uncertainty Relations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    James Schneeloch; Curtis J. Broadbent; Stephen P. Walborn; Eric G. Cavalcanti; John C. Howell

    2013-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

    We use entropic uncertainty relations to formulate inequalities that witness Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen (EPR) steering correlations in diverse quantum systems. We then use these inequalities to formulate symmetric EPR-steering inequalities using the mutual information. We explore the differing natures of the correlations captured by one-way and symmetric steering inequalities, and examine the possibility of exclusive one-way steerability in two-qubit states. Furthermore, we show that steering inequalities can be extended to generalized positive operator valued measures (POVMs), and we also derive hybrid-steering inequalities between alternate degrees of freedom.

  5. Democratizing Search? From Critique to Society-oriented Bernhard Rieder

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Engineers at the Digital Equipment Company introduced AltaVista, the first large scale search engine distinguish between Google search (http://www.google.com) a Web search engine and Google Inc., the companyDemocratizing Search? From Critique to Society-oriented Design. Bernhard Rieder Since 1995, when

  6. Split Rank of Triangle and Quadrilateral Inequalities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Jun 4, 2009 ... facet-defining inequalities for (1) have a finite split rank? We prove that the split rank of all the facet-defining inequalities of conv(P(R, f)) is finite ...

  7. Bell Inequalities with Communication Assistance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Katherine Maxwell; Eric Chitambar

    2014-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we consider the possible correlations between two parties using local machines and shared randomness with an additional amount of classical communication. This is a continuation of the work initiated by Bacon and Toner in Ref. [\\textit{Phys. Rev. Lett.} \\textbf{90}, 157904 (2003)] who characterized the correlation polytope for $2\\times 2$ measurement settings with binary outcomes plus one bit of communication. Here, we derive a complete set of Bell Inequalities for $3\\times 2$ measurement settings and a shared bit of communication. When the communication direction is fixed, nine Bell Inequalities characterize the correlation polytope, whereas when the communication direction is bi-directional, 143 inequalities describe the correlations. We then prove a tight lower bound on the amount of communication needed to simulate all no-signaling correlations for a given number of measurement settings.

  8. Remainder terms for some quantum entropy inequalities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carlen, Eric A.; Lieb, Elliott H. [Department of Mathematics, Hill Center, Rutgers University, 110 Frelinghuysen Road, Piscataway, New Jersey 08854-8019 (United States) [Department of Mathematics, Hill Center, Rutgers University, 110 Frelinghuysen Road, Piscataway, New Jersey 08854-8019 (United States); Departments of Mathematics and Physics, Jadwin Hall, Princeton University, Washington Road, Princeton, New Jersey 08544-0001 (United States)

    2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider three von Neumann entropy inequalities: subadditivity; Pinsker's inequality for relative entropy; and the monotonicity of relative entropy. For these we state conditions for equality, and we prove some new error bounds away from equality, including an improved version of Pinsker's inequality.

  9. NBER WORKING PAPER SERIES MEASURING ANCIENT INEQUALITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hickman, Mark

    Is inequality largely the result of the Industrial Revolution? Or, were pre-industrial incomes and life? Is inequality largely a byproduct of the Industrial Revolution? Or, were pre- industrial incomes and life answered. This paper infers inequality for 14 ancient, pre-industrial societies using what are known

  10. Regularization of Nonmonotone Variational Inequalities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Konnov, Igor V. [Department of Applied Mathematics, Kazan University, ul. Kremlevskaya 18, Kazan 420008 (Russian Federation)], E-mail: Igor.Konnov@ksu.ru; Ali, M.S.S. [Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Education, Ain Shams University, Cairo (Egypt); Mazurkevich, E.O. [Informatics Problems Institute of AS RT, Kazan 420012 (Russian Federation)

    2006-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we extend the Tikhonov-Browder regularization scheme from monotone to rather a general class of nonmonotone multivalued variational inequalities. We show that their convergence conditions hold for some classes of perfectly and nonperfectly competitive economic equilibrium problems.

  11. DOE GC Joins Customs Service Trade Data System to Strengthen...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Service Trade Data System to Strengthen Enforcement Effort DOE GC Joins Customs Service Trade Data System to Strengthen Enforcement Effort February 14, 2011 - 5:48pm Addthis The...

  12. Department of Energy Announces more than $18 Million to Strengthen...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    more than 18 Million to Strengthen Nuclear Education at U.S. Universities and Colleges Department of Energy Announces more than 18 Million to Strengthen Nuclear Education at U.S....

  13. Process for strengthening silicon based ceramics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kim, Hyoun-Ee; Moorhead, A.J.

    1991-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

    A process for strengthening silicon based ceramic monolithic materials and composite materials that contain silicon based ceramic reinforcing phases that requires that the ceramic be exposed to a wet hydrogen atmosphere at about 1400{degrees}C. The process results in a dense, tightly adherent silicon containing oxide layer that heals, blunts, or otherwise negates the detrimental effect of strength limiting flaws on the surface of the ceramic body.

  14. Fuel and Famine: Rural Energy Crisis in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, James H.; von Hippel, David; Hayes, Peter

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Korean researcher conducting rural energy survey in villageFuel and Famine: Rural Energy Crisis in the Democratic7 Rural Energy

  15. Energy Inequalities in Quantum Field Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christopher J. Fewster

    2005-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Quantum fields are known to violate all the pointwise energy conditions of classical general relativity. We review the subject of quantum energy inequalities: lower bounds satisfied by weighted averages of the stress-energy tensor, which may be regarded as the vestiges of the classical energy conditions after quantisation. Contact is also made with thermodynamics and related issues in quantum mechanics, where such inequalities find analogues in sharp Gaarding inequalities.

  16. Inequalities for electron-field correlation functions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. Tyc

    2000-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

    I show that there exists a class of inequalities between correlation functions of different orders of a chaotic electron field. These inequalities lead to the antibunching effect and are a consequence of the fact that electrons are fermions -- indistinguishable particles with antisymmetric states. The derivation of the inequalities is based on the known form of the correlation functions for the chaotic state and on the properties of matrices and determinants.

  17. Strengthening northern New Mexico's tribal economies

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administrationcontroller systemsBiSiteNeutronStrategic Plan TheDepartment of EnergyStrengthening

  18. Grothendieck inequalities for semidefinite programs with rank ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jop Briet

    2010-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Nov 8, 2010 ... Grothendieck inequalities for semidefinite programs with rank constraint. Jop Briet(j.briet ***at*** cwi.nl) Fernando M. de Oliveira ...

  19. Violation of Bell's inequality in fluid mechanics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robert Brady; Ross Anderson

    2013-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

    We show that a classical fluid mechanical system can violate Bell's inequality because the fluid motion is correlated over large distances.

  20. E. Lieb convexity inequalities and noncommutaive Bernstein ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Abstract We describe a Jordan-algebraic version of E. Lieb convexity ... In [12] E. Lieb proved a number of interrelated convexity inequalities, which found.

  1. Pressure inequalities for nuclear and neutron matter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dean Lee

    2005-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

    We prove several inequalities using lowest-order effective field theory for nucleons which give an upper bound on the pressure of asymmetric nuclear matter and neutron matter. We prove two types of inequalities, one based on convexity and another derived from shifting an auxiliary field.

  2. Prosperity, Poverty and Inequality in London

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banaji,. Murad

    ASE Prosperity, Poverty and Inequality in London 2000/01-2010/11 Ruth Lupton, Polly Vizard, Amanda of wealth, poverty, income inequality and spatial difference. The full programme of analysis will include. The Changing Spatial Distribution of Poverty 2001 to 2011...................33 The Geography of Poverty

  3. Department of Energy Announces $39 Million to Strengthen University...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    51 Projects Aim to Cut Carbon Pollution, Create Clean Energy Jobs and Strengthen America's Nuclear Energy Industry Washington, D.C. - The Department of Energy today announced that...

  4. Case Study - Florida Power & Light - Smart Grid Solutions Strengthen...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    on 78 substation transformer banks. Smart Grid Solutions Strengthen Electric Reliability and Customer Services in Florida With 4.6 million customers, nearly 70,000 miles of...

  5. Secretaries Chu and Salazar to Convene Meeting on Strengthening...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    scientists and key stakeholders to discuss strengthened containment strategies for offshore deepwater blowouts When: Wednesday, September 22, 2010 Where: South Interior Building...

  6. Espanola Public School teachers strengthen skills during summer...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Espanola Public School Teachers Strengthen Skills Community Connections: Your link to news and opportunities from Los Alamos National Laboratory Latest Issue: March 2015 All Issues...

  7. Stability Of Nanoclusters In 14YWT Oxide Dispersion Strengthened...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Stability Of Nanoclusters In 14YWT Oxide Dispersion Strengthened Steel Under Heavy Ion-irradiation By Atom Probe Tomography. Stability Of Nanoclusters In 14YWT Oxide Dispersion...

  8. Indonesia-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Growth in Developing Asia" Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleIndonesia-StrengtheningPlanningCapacityforLowCarbonGrowthinDevelopingAsia&oldid70041...

  9. Strengthening Public-Private Partnerships to Accelerate Global...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Public-Private Partnerships to Accelerate Global Electricity Technology Deployment Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Strengthening Public-Private...

  10. NDE of Concrete Structures Strengthened with FRP Using Infrared Thermography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Entekhabi, Dara

    NDE of Concrete Structures Strengthened with FRP Using Infrared Thermography Monica A. STARNES that infrared thermography is a promising nondestructive evaluation (NDE) method considering testing speed

  11. Key Practical Issues in Strengthening Safety Culture, INSAG-15

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Key Pratical Issues in Strengthening Safety Culture, INSAG-15. A report by the International Nuclear Safety Advisory Gorup, International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, 2002.

  12. Strengthening Mechanisms of Sputtered Copper, Cobalt and Their Nanocomposites

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Yue

    2014-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

    -Petch Relation ................................. 1 I.1.2 Grain Boundary Strengthening II – Nanocrystalline ...................................... 3 I.1.3 Interphase Boundary Strengthening – Multilayer Composites ....................... 5 I.1.4 Twin Boundary... .................................. 15 I.2.2 Growth Twins in High Stacking Fault Energy Metals.................................. 18 I.3 Stacking Faults ...................................................................................................... 21 I.3.1 Stacking Faults...

  13. Bell Inequality and Many-Worlds Interpretation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lev Vaidman

    2015-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

    It is argued that the lesson we should learn from Bell's inequalities is not that quantum mechanics requires some kind of action at a distance, but that it leads us to believe in parallel worlds.

  14. More efficient Bell inequalities for Werner states

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. Vértesi

    2008-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we study the nonlocal properties of two-qubit Werner states parameterized by the visibility parameter 0inequalities are constructed which prove the two-qubit Werner states to be nonlocal for the parameter range 0.7056inequality. This answers a question posed by Gisin in the positive, i.e., there exist Bell inequalities which are more efficient than the CHSH inequality in the sense that they are violated by a wider range of two-qubit Werner states.

  15. Matroid prophet inequalities and Bayesian mechanism design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weinberg, S. Matthew (Seth Matthew)

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Consider a gambler who observes a sequence of independent, non-negative random numbers and is allowed to stop the sequence at any time, claiming a reward equal to the most recent observation. The famous prophet inequality ...

  16. Extreme inequalities for infinite group problems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Apr 3, 2006 ... In this paper we derive new properties of extreme inequalities for infinite group ... (f,f(r)) is called extreme if it cannot be written as a convex ...

  17. Inequality design limits in optimal aerodynamic shapes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seaman, Charles Knight

    1968-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    INEQUALITY DESIGN LIMITS IN OPTIMAL AERODYNAMIC SHAPES A Thesis By CHARLES KNIGHT SEAMAN Submitted to the Graduate College of the Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1968... Major Subject: Aerospace Engineering INEQUALITY DESIGN LIMITS IN OPTIMAL AERODYNAMIC SHAPES A Thesis By CHARLES KNIGHT SEAMAN Approved as to style and content by: (Chairman of Committee) (Head of Department) (Member) (Member) May 1968...

  18. Democratizing Mobile Technology in Support of Volunteer Activities in Data Collection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Democratizing Mobile Technology in Support of Volunteer Activities in Data Collection Sun Young Kim-computer interaction, mobile technology, technology adoption, volunteer, data collection, citizen science, participatory sensing, sustainability #12;III ABSTRACT Mobile technology is advancing our ability to connect

  19. A Review of "The Colonial American Origins of Modern Democratic Thought" by J.S. Maloy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scheik, William J.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of exemplary character and leadership would, Smith thought, counter exploitative colonial factions. A combination of democratic and aristocratic paradigms, augmented by an image of Virginia as a little commonwealth in its own right, informs Smith...

  20. Learning with data : a toolkit to democratize the computational exploration of data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dasgupta, Sayamindu

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis explores the space of programming with data, focusing on the data-ecosystem opened up by the Internet and Cloud technologies. The central argument of this thesis is that the act of democratizing programmatic ...

  1. 3. Probability inequalities 3.1. Introduction. Probability inequalities are an important instrument which is

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagaev, Sergei V.

    . Among classical probabilities are those by S.N. Bernstein (see [1, III, §3, Theorem 18]) and Bennet [2) decrease exponentially as x for all summand forming the sum n j=1 Xj. As to the Bennet] is adjacent to the Bennet­Hoeffding inequality. That was rather a limited list of probability inequalities

  2. 3. Probability inequalities 3.1. Introduction. Probability inequalities are an important instrument which is

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagaev, Sergei V.

    . Among classical probabilities are those by S.N. Bernstein (see [1, III, §3, Theorem 18]) and Bennet [2(X j > x) decrease exponentially as x ## for all summand forming the sum # n j=1 X j . As to the Bennet] is adjacent to the Bennet--Hoe#ding inequality. That was rather a limited list of probability inequalities

  3. Strengthening of metallic alloys with nanometer-size oxide dispersions

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Flinn, John E. (Idaho Falls, ID); Kelly, Thomas F. (Madison, WI)

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Austenitic stainless steels and nickel-base alloys containing, by wt. %, 0.1 to 3.0% V, 0.01 to 0.08% C, 0.01 to 0.5% N, 0.05% max. each of Al and Ti, and 0.005 to 0.10% O, are strengthened and ductility retained by atomization of a metal melt under cover of an inert gas with added oxygen to form approximately 8 nanometer-size hollow oxides within the alloy grains and, when the alloy is aged, strengthened by precipitation of carbides and nitrides nucleated by the hollow oxides. Added strengthening is achieved by nitrogen solid solution strengthening and by the effect of solid oxides precipitated along and pinning grain boundaries to provide temperature-stabilization and refinement of the alloy grains.

  4. Strengthening of metallic alloys with nanometer-size oxide dispersions

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Flinn, J.E.; Kelly, T.F.

    1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Austenitic stainless steels and nickel-base alloys containing, by wt. %, 0.1 to 3.0% V, 0.01 to 0.08% C, 0.01 to 0.5% N, 0.05% max. each of Al and Ti, and 0.005 to 0.10% O, are strengthened and ductility retained by atomization of a metal melt under cover of an inert gas with added oxygen to form approximately 8 nanometer-size hollow oxides within the alloy grains and, when the alloy is aged, strengthened by precipitation of carbides and nitrides nucleated by the hollow oxides. Added strengthening is achieved by nitrogen solid solution strengthening and by the effect of solid oxides precipitated along and pinning grain boundaries to provide temperature-stabilization and refinement of the alloy grains. 20 figs.

  5. President Obama's Plan to Strengthen America's Energy Security...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    America's Energy Security President Obama's Plan to Strengthen America's Energy Security March 30, 2011 - 10:57am Addthis Hear from President Obama on how we're taking...

  6. Essays on financial markets, inequality and economic development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blaum, Joaquin

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In Chapter 1, I study the effects of wealth inequality on economies where financial markets are imperfect. I exploit the idea that inequality should have a different effect across sectors. Using a difference-in-difference ...

  7. Sobolev inequality for localization of pseudo-relativistic energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. A. Balinsky; A. E. Tyukov

    2005-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

    In this article we present Sobolev-type inequalities for the localization of pseudo-relativistic energy.

  8. An Alexandrov-Fenchel-type inequality in hyperbolic space with an application to a Penrose inequality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levi Lopes de Lima; Frederico Girão

    2014-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

    We use the inverse mean curvature flow to prove a sharp Alexandrov-Fenchel-type inequality for star-shaped, strictly mean convex hypersurfaces in hyperbolic $n$-space, $n\\geq 3$. As an application we establish, in any dimension, an optimal Penrose inequality for asymptotically hyperbolic graphs carrying a minimal horizon, with the equality occurring if and only if the graph is an anti-de Sitter-Schwarzschild solution. This sharpens previous results by Dahl-Gicquaud-Sakovich and settles, for this class of initial data sets, the conjectured Penrose inequality for time-symmetric space-times with negative cosmological constant.

  9. Poverty and Inequality Research Cluster Global Development and Happiness

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sussex, University of

    Poverty and Inequality Research Cluster Global Development and Happiness: How can Data Volume 2013 No 432 #12;2 The Poverty and Inequality research cluster, part of the Vulnerability and Poverty Reduction team at IDS, produces research on poverty, inequality and wellbeing. Our research

  10. A. de Janvry and E. Sadoulet, Growth, Poverty, and Inequality in Latin America Poverty and Inequality Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sadoulet, Elisabeth

    A. de Janvry and E. Sadoulet, Growth, Poverty, and Inequality in Latin America 1 May 2000 Appendix B Poverty and Inequality Data Table B1 gives the poverty and inequality data used in the study. The data in general come from the work of Oscar Altimir at CEPAL who reconciled the calculations of poverty

  11. Is Bell inequality violated once measurement independence is relaxed?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minsu Kim; Jinhyoung Lee; Sang Wook Kim

    2014-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

    It has been believed that statistical inequality such as Bell inequality should be modified once measurement independence (MI), the assumption that observers can freely choose measurement settings without changing the probability distribution of hidden variables, is relaxed. However, we show that there exists the possibility that Bell inequality is still valid even if MI is relaxed. MI is only a sufficient condition to derive Bell inequality when both determinism and setting independence, usually called as local realism, are satisfied. We thus propose a new condition necessary and sufficient for deriving Bell inequality, called as concealed measurement dependence.

  12. Validity and failure of some entropy inequalities for CAR systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hajime Moriya

    2005-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Basic properties of von Neumann entropy such as the triangle inequality and what we call MONO-SSA are studied for CAR systems. We show that both inequalities hold for any even state. We construct a certain class of noneven states giving counter examples of those inequalities. It is not always possible to extend a set of prepared states on disjoint regions to some joint state on the whole region for CAR systems. However, for every even state, we have its `symmetric purification' by which the validity of those inequalities is shown. Some (realized) noneven states have peculiar state correlations among subsystems and induce the failure of those inequalities.

  13. Bregman Divergences and Triangle Inequality Sreangsu Acharyya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banerjee, Arindam

    and metrics that satisfy the triangle inequality. The first family can be derived from any well-behaved convex in terms of cumulants of infinitely divisible distributions, and related results in harmonic analysis. We Symmetrized Bregman (GSB) diver- gence, can be derived from any well behaved convex function. We present

  14. Milnor-Wood inequalities for products

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bucher, Michelle

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We prove Milnor-Wood inequalities for local products of manifolds. As a consequence, we establish the generalized Chern Conjecture for products $M\\times \\Sigma^k$ for any product of a manifold $M$ with a product of $k$ copies of a surface $\\Sigma$ for $k$ sufficiently large.

  15. Earnings inequality and in-work-poverty 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gutiérrez Palacios, Rodolfo; Guillén Rodríguez, Ana Marta; Peña-Casas, Ramón

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . The first deals with our level of knowledge about the impact of economic globalization on earnings inequalities. Sections 2 and 3 are devoted to the dynamics and present situation of the incidence of low paid work and in-work poverty respectively. Section 4...

  16. Was the French Patent System democratic ? France, XIX th Gabriel Galvez-Behar Universit Lille Nord de France

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Was the French Patent System democratic ? France, XIX th century Gabriel Galvez-Behar ­ Université patent system and economic performance has been explored by economists and historians. In her book on a « democratization of invention », which was allowed by its own patent system. Contrary to the American one

  17. Flexural Strengthening of Steel Bridges with High Modulus CFRP Strips

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rizkalla, F.ASCE2 Abstract: Acceptance of carbon fiber-reinforced polymer CFRP materials for strengthening subject headings: Bonding; Composite beams; Composite materials; Fiber reinforced polymers; Flexural of carbon fiber-reinforced poly- mer CFRP materials for repair of fatigue damage Armstrong 1983; Allan et al

  18. Development oxide dispersion strengthened ferritic steels for fusion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mukhopadhyay, D.K.; Froes, F.H.; Gelles, D.S. [Pacific Northwest National Lab., Richland, WA (United States)

    1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Uniaxial tension creep response is reported for an oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) steel, Fe-13.5Cr-2W-0.5Ti-0.25 Y{sub 2}O{sub 3} (in weight percent) manufactured using the mechanical alloying process. Acceptable creep response is obtained at 900{degrees}C.

  19. FEA OF THE HORSETAIL CREEK BRIDGE STRENGTHENED WITH FRP LAMINATES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yim, Solomon C.

    . Kachlakev, Thomas H. Miller, and Solomon C.S. Yim ABSTRACT A three-dimensional finite element (FE) model). Modeling methodology and the nonlinear analysis approach in ANSYS are presented. The results obtained from strengthening is considered. 2. FE MODELING METHODOLOGY AND NONLINEAR ANALYSIS APPROACH IN ANSYS Three materials

  20. Using Model-based Assurance to Strengthen Diagnostic Procedures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lutz, Robyn R.

    Using Model-based Assurance to Strengthen Diagnostic Procedures Robyn Lutz Jet Propulsion Lab diagnostic trees generated from system models are used to help check out diagnostic procedures. Diagnostic procedures are instructions used to isolate failures during operations. Assuring such procedures manually

  1. Strengthening Global Security The central mission of the Laboratory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , security, and reliability of the U.S. nuclear deterrent while reducing the global threat of nuclear: Ensuring the safety, security, and reliability of the U.S. nuclear deterrent; Reducing global threatsStrengthening Global Security The central mission of the Laboratory is to ensure the safety

  2. Ethical implications of democratic theory for U.S. public participation in environmental impact assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hourdequin, Marion, E-mail: Marion.Hourdequin@ColoradoCollege.edu [Aldo Leopold Wilderness Research Institute, Rocky Mountain Research Station, USDA Forest Service, 790 East Beckwith, Missoula, MT 59801 (United States); Department of Philosophy, Colorado College, 14 E. Cache La Poudre St., Colorado Springs, CO 80903 (United States); Landres, Peter [Aldo Leopold Wilderness Research Institute, Rocky Mountain Research Station, USDA Forest Service, 790 East Beckwith, Missoula, MT 59801 (United States); Hanson, Mark J. [Department of Philosophy, University of Montana, Missoula, MT 59812 (United States); Craig, David R. [Aldo Leopold Wilderness Research Institute, Rocky Mountain Research Station, USDA Forest Service, 790 East Beckwith, Missoula, MT 59801 (United States)

    2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Traditional mechanisms for public participation in environmental impact assessment under U.S. federal law have been criticized as ineffective and unable to resolve conflict. As these mechanisms are modified and new approaches developed, we argue that participation should be designed and evaluated not only on practical grounds of cost-effectiveness and efficiency, but also on ethical grounds based on democratic ideals. In this paper, we review and synthesize modern democratic theory to develop and justify four ethical principles for public participation: equal opportunity to participate, equal access to information, genuine deliberation, and shared commitment. We then explore several tensions that are inherent in applying these ethical principles to public participation in EIA. We next examine traditional NEPA processes and newer collaborative approaches in light of these principles. Finally, we explore the circumstances that argue for more in-depth participatory processes. While improved EIA participatory processes do not guarantee improved outcomes in environmental management, processes informed by these four ethical principles derived from democratic theory may lead to increased public engagement and satisfaction with government agency decisions. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Four ethical principles based on democratic theory for public participation in EIA. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer NEPA and collaboration offer different strengths in meeting these principles. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We explore tensions inherent in applying these principles. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Improved participatory processes may improve public acceptance of agency decisions.

  3. The Democratic Surround Multimedia and American Liberalism from World War II to the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Democratic Surround Multimedia and American Liberalism from World War II to the Psychedelic and anthropologists set out to create an alternative to fascism during World War II ­ and ended up setting the stage professor of communication at Stanford University. He is the author of Echoes of Combat: The Vietnam War

  4. Entropy-energy inequalities for qudit states

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Armando Figueroa; Julio López; Octavio Castaños; Ramón López-Peña; Margarita A. Man'ko; Vladimir I. Man'ko

    2014-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

    We establish a procedure to find the extremal density matrices for any finite Hamiltonian of a qudit system. These extremal density matrices provide an approximate description of the energy spectra of the Hamiltonian. In the case of restricting the extremal density matrices by pure states, we show that the energy spectra of the Hamiltonian is recovered for $d=2$ and $3$. We conjecture that by means of this approach the energy spectra can be recovered for the Hamiltonian of an arbitrary finite qudit system. For a given qudit system Hamiltonian, we find new inequalities connecting the mean value of the Hamiltonian and the entropy of an arbitrary state. We demonstrate that these inequalities take place for both the considered extremal density matrices and generic ones.

  5. Sandwiched Rényi divergence satisfies data processing inequality

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Beigi, Salman [School of Mathematics, Institute for Research in Fundamental Sciences (IPM), P.O. Box 19395-5746, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)] [School of Mathematics, Institute for Research in Fundamental Sciences (IPM), P.O. Box 19395-5746, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Sandwiched (quantum) ?-Rényi divergence has been recently defined in the independent works of Wilde et al. [“Strong converse for the classical capacity of entanglement-breaking channels,” preprint http://arxiv.org/abs/arXiv:1306.1586 (2013)] and Müller-Lennert et al. [“On quantum Rényi entropies: a new definition, some properties and several conjectures,” preprint http://arxiv.org/abs/arXiv:1306.3142v1 (2013)]. This new quantum divergence has already found applications in quantum information theory. Here we further investigate properties of this new quantum divergence. In particular, we show that sandwiched ?-Rényi divergence satisfies the data processing inequality for all values of ? > 1. Moreover we prove that ?-Holevo information, a variant of Holevo information defined in terms of sandwiched ?-Rényi divergence, is super-additive. Our results are based on Hölder's inequality, the Riesz-Thorin theorem and ideas from the theory of complex interpolation. We also employ Sion's minimax theorem.

  6. The Relationship Between Unemployment and Earnings Inequality in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tregenna, Fiona

    1 THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN UNEMPLOMENT AND EARNINGS INEQUALITY IN SOUTH AFRICA FIONA TREGENNA Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge ABSTRACT Unemployment and earnings inequality have moved closely together in South Africa... in recent years, suggesting that there may not be a trade-off between them as the literature generally suggests. This article explores the relationship between unemployment and earnings inequality in South Africa, specifically investigating the extent...

  7. Milnor-Wood type inequalities for Higgs bundles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hartnick, Tobias

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We explain how the generalized Milnor-Wood inequality of Burger and Iozzi for reductive representations of a cocompact complex-hyperbolic lattice into a Hermitian Lie group translates under Simpson's non-abelian Hodge correspondence into an inequality for topological invariants of the corresponding Higgs bundles. In this way, we obtain an inequality that holds for all Hermitian Lie groups, generalizing the Milnor-Wood type inequalities for Higgs bundles that have been proved for the classical Hermitian Lie groups by Bradlow, Garcia-Prada, and Gothen and by Koziarz and Maubon.

  8. A BRASCAMP-LIEB-LUTTINGER–TYPE INEQUALITY AND ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2001-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

    References. [1] C. Bandle, Isoperimetric Inequalities and Applications, Monographs and Studies in Mathe- matics, Pitman 1980. [2] R. Ba˜nuelos and T. Carroll, ...

  9. Isoperimetric Inequalities Related to Mass and Energy in General ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

    THE 3RD SYMPOSIUM ON ANALYSIS AND PDES. PURDUE UNIVERSITY, MAY 27–30, 2007. ISOPERIMETRIC INEQUALITIES RELATED TO MASS AND.

  10. Inner approximations for polynomial matrix inequalities and robust ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Apr 26, 2011 ... is modelled by parametrized polynomial matrix inequalities (PMI). ... Given a parametrized PMI set, we provide a hierarchy of linear matrix ...

  11. Mathematical and physical meaning of the Bell inequalities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Emilio Santos

    2014-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

    It is shown that the Bell inequalities are closely related to the triangle inequalities involving distance functions amongst pairs of random variables with values {0,1} . A hidden variables model may be defined as a mapping between a set of quantum projection operators and a set of random variables. The model is noncontextual if there is a joint probability distribution. The Bell inequalities are necessary conditions for its existence. The inequalities are most relevant when measurements are performed at space-like separation, a possibility showing a conflict between quantum mechanics and local realism (Bell's theorem).

  12. Bell-type inequalities for non-local resources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nicolas Brunner; Valerio Scarani; Nicolas Gisin

    2006-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We present bipartite Bell-type inequalities which allow the two partners to use some non-local resource. Such inequality can only be violated if the parties use a resource which is more non-local than the one permitted by the inequality. We introduce a family of N-inputs non-local machines, which are generalizations of the well-known PR-box. Then we construct Bell-type inequalities that cannot be violated by strategies that use one these new machines. Finally we discuss implications for the simulation of quantum states.

  13. Chance–Constrained Linear Matrix Inequalities with Dependent ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Jan 27, 2011 ... Department of Systems Engineering and Engineering Management, The ..... as systems of linear matrix inequalities. .... Observe that the quality.

  14. E-Print Network 3.0 - aluminium beams strengthened Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    beams strengthened Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: aluminium beams strengthened Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 RisO Report No. 223...

  15. Nano-scale strengthening from grains, subgrains, and particles in Fe-based alloys

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lesuer, D. R.; Syn, C. K.; Sherby, O. D.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    x ULTRAFINE GRAINED MATERIALS Nano-scale strengthening fromSpringerlink.com Abstract Nano-scale strengthening has beenless than 20 h), develop nano-scale subgrains [15]. These

  16. Development of load and resistance factor design for FRP strengthening of reinforced concrete structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atadero, Rebecca Anne

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Design for FRP Strengthening of Reinforced Concrete. In 7 thFRP) Reinforcement for Concrete Structure; Shield, C.K. ,G.C. Fatigue Performance of Concrete Beams Strengthened with

  17. An Elementary Extension of Korn's First Inequality to H(Curl) motivated by Gradient Plasticity with Plastic Spin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patrizio Neff; Dirk Pauly; Karl-Josef Witsch

    2011-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    We prove a Korn-type inequality for tensor fields without gradient structure, which generalizes Korn's first inequality.

  18. New Research Further Strengthens Evidence of the Benefits of the Health Care Safety Net

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dow, William H.; Roby, Dylan H. `; Kominski, Gerald; Jacobs, Ken

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    expanding ISSUE BRIEF New Research Further Strengthens Evidence of the Benefits of the Health Care Safety Net

  19. Oxide dispersion strengthening of nickel electrodeposits for microsystem applications.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Janek, Richard P. (Owens Technology Inc., Palo Alto, CA); Kotula, Paul Gabriel; Buchheit, Thomas Edward; Michael, R. P.; Goods, Steven Howard

    2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Oxide dispersion strengthened nickel (ODS-Ni) electrodeposits were fabricated to net shape in a nickel sulfamate bath using the LIGA process. A 20 g/l charge of 10 nm Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} powder was suspended in the bath during electrodeposition to produce specimens containing an approximately 0.001-0.02 volume fraction dispersion of the alumina particulate. Mechanical properties are compared to baseline specimens fabricated using an identical sulfamate bath chemistry without the Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} powder charge. Results reveal that the as-deposited ODS-Ni exhibited significantly higher yield strength and ultimate tensile strength than the baseline material. This increase in as-deposited strength is attributed to Orowan strengthening. The ODS-Ni also showed improved retention of room temperature strength after annealing over a range of temperatures up to 600 C. Microscopy revealed that this resistance to anneal softening was due to an inhibition of grain growth in the presence of the oxide dispersion. Nanoindentation measurements revealed that the properties of the dispersion strengthened deposit were uniform through its thickness, even in narrow, high aspect ratio structures. At elevated temperatures, the strength of the ODS-Ni was approximately three times greater than that of the baseline material although with a significant reduction in hot ductility.

  20. Cryogenic properties of dispersion strengthened copper for high magnetic fields

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Toplosky, V. J.; Han, K.; Walsh, R. P. [National High Magnetic Field Laboratory, Tallahassee, FL 32310 (United States); Swenson, C. A. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States)

    2014-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Cold deformed copper matrix composite conductors, developed for use in the 100 tesla multi-shot pulsed magnet at the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory (NHMFL), have been characterized. The conductors are alumina strengthened copper which is fabricated by cold drawing that introduces high dislocation densities and high internal stresses. Both alumina particles and high density of dislocations provide us with high tensile strength and fatigue endurance. The conductors also have high electrical conductivities because alumina has limited solubility in Cu and dislocations have little scattering effect on conduction electrons. Such a combination of high strength and high conductivity makes it an excellent candidate over other resistive magnet materials. Thus, characterization is carried out by tensile testing and fully reversible fatigue testing. In tensile tests, the material exceeds the design criteria parameters. In the fatigue tests, both the load and displacement were measured and used to control the amplitude of the tests to simulate the various loading conditions in the pulsed magnet which is operated at 77 K in a non-destructive mode. In order to properly simulate the pulsed magnet operation, strain-controlled tests were more suitable than load controlled tests. For the dispersion strengthened coppers, the strengthening mechanism of the aluminum oxide provided better tensile and fatigue properties over convention copper.

  1. Strengthening steel bridges with new high modulus CFRP M. Dawood, E. Sumner & S. Rizkalla

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Strengthening steel bridges with new high modulus CFRP materials M. Dawood, E. Sumner & S. Rizkalla be used for the repair and strengthening of steel high- way bridge girders. Research has been conducted and the effectiveness of the technique for repair and strengthening of steel and steel-concrete composite bridge girders

  2. Behavior of Scaled Steel-Concrete Composite Girders and Steel Monopole Towers Strengthened with CFRP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Behavior of Scaled Steel-Concrete Composite Girders and Steel Monopole Towers Strengthened with CFRP DAVID SCHNERCH AND SAMI RIZKALLA Cost-effective rehabilitation and/or strengthening of steel. The current research program makes use of new high modulus types of carbon fiber for strengthening steel

  3. Carbon finance, tropical forests and the state : governing international climate risk in the Democratic Republic of Congo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gray, Ian P

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis examines how evolving norms of international climate change mitigation are translated into national forest governance policies and land management techniques in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). The ...

  4. Inner approximations for polynomial matrix inequalities and robust stability regions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of feasible solutions is modelled by parametrized polynomial matrix inequalities (PMI). These feasibility sets are typically nonconvex. Given a parametrized PMI set, we provide a hierarchy of linear matrix inequality (LMI.g. [5] for a software implementation and examples, and see [6] for an application to PMI problems

  5. Stable radial distortion calibration by polynomial matrix inequalities programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Henrion, Didier

    polynomials. Further, we show how to model these nonnegativities using polynomial matrix inequalities (PMI) and how to estimate the radial distortion parameters subject to PMI constraints using semidefinite to stabilize the shape of the distortion function. It is based on polynomial matrix inequalities (PMI

  6. HAMILTON JACOBI EQUATIONS ON METRIC SPACES AND TRANSPORT ENTROPY INEQUALITIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    HAMILTON JACOBI EQUATIONS ON METRIC SPACES AND TRANSPORT ENTROPY INEQUALITIES N. GOZLAN, C. ROBERTO, P-M. SAMSON Abstract. We prove an Hopf-Lax-Oleinik formula for the solutions of some Hamilton that the log-Sobolev inequality is equivalent to an hypercontractivity property of the Hamilton-Jacobi semi

  7. HANSON-WRIGHT INEQUALITY AND SUB-GAUSSIAN CONCENTRATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vershynin, Roman

    HANSON-WRIGHT INEQUALITY AND SUB-GAUSSIAN CONCENTRATION MARK RUDELSON AND ROMAN VERSHYNIN Abstract. In this expository note, we give a modern proof of Hanson-Wright inequality for quadratic forms in sub and subspaces, and a bound on the norms of products of random and deterministic matrices. 1. Hanson-Wright

  8. Visible Inequality, Status Competition and Conspicuous Consumption: Evidence from India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bandyopadhyay, Antar

    Visible Inequality, Status Competition and Conspicuous Consumption: Evidence from India Punarjit representative micro data from India. I ...nd that a decrease in the level of visible inequality, ceteris paribus in one's social status due to parallel action of others. From a policy perspective, my ...ndings

  9. Managing low-level radioactive waste in a democratic society: Requirements and accommodations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ortciger, T. [Illinois Dept. of Nuclear Safety, Springfield, IL (United States); Ayers, M. [Sangamon State Univ., Springfield, IL (United States)

    1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper will focus on public policy needs to ensure the involvement of the general public in effective decision-making related to the handling of low-level radioactive waste. It highlights difficulties experienced in involving the public in siting low-level radioactive waste disposal facilities. It reviews the process recently developed by Illinois to locate a disposal facility and discusses that process`s potential as a general model for siting such facilities and involving citizens in a democratic fashion.

  10. Competing perspectives on democracy and democratization: assessing alternative models of democracy promoted in Central Asian states

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Omelicheva, Mariya Y.

    2014-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

    2000, a year that brought to power a new administration of President Bush in the US, and President Putin in Russia. The former, an outspoken proponent of democracy promotion, articulated a position that has become associated with the US perspective... on international democratization. President Putin, whose first two terms passed under the banner of restoring Russia’s great power status in global politics, reinvigorated Moscow’s foreign policy in Central Asia. His administration launched ideological crusade...

  11. Process for strengthening aluminum based ceramics and material

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Moorhead, Arthur J. (Knoxville, TN); Kim, Hyoun-Ee (Seoul, KR)

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A process for strengthening aluminum based ceramics is provided. A gaseous atmosphere consisting essentially of silicon monoxide gas is formed by exposing a source of silicon to an atmosphere consisting essentially of hydrogen and a sufficient amount of water vapor. The aluminum based ceramic is exposed to the gaseous silicon monoxide atmosphere for a period of time and at a temperature sufficient to produce a continuous, stable silicon-containing film on the surface of the aluminum based ceramic that increases the strength of the ceramic.

  12. A remark on the role of indeterminism and non-locality in the violation of Bell’s inequalities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sassoli de Bianchi, Massimiliano, E-mail: autoricerca@gmail.com

    2014-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Diederik Aerts was the first in the eighties to develop a concrete example of a macroscopic “classical” entity violating Bell’s inequalities (BI). In more recent years, he also developed a macroscopic model in which the amount of non-locality and indeterminism can be continuously varied, and used it to show that by increasing non-locality one increases the degree of violation of BI, whereas by increasing indeterminism one decreases the degree of violation of BI. In this article we introduce and analyze a different macroscopic model in which the amount of non-locality and indeterminism can also be parameterized, and therefore varied, and find that, in accordance with the model of Aerts, an increase of non-locality does produce a stronger violation of BI. However, differently from his model, we also find that, depending on the initial state in which the system is prepared, an increase of indeterminism can either strengthen or weaken the degree of violation of BI. -- Highlights: •There are macroscopic models that can violate Bell’s inequalities (BI). •We describe a model in which non-locality and indeterminism can be continuously varied. •An increase of non-locality produces a stronger violation of BI. •An increase of indeterminism can either produce a stronger or weaker violation of BI, depending on the initial state.

  13. Exploring inequality violations by classical hidden variables numerically

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vongehr, Sascha, E-mail: vongehr@usc.edu

    2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    There are increasingly suggestions for computer simulations of quantum statistics which try to violate Bell type inequalities via classical, common cause correlations. The Clauser–Horne–Shimony–Holt (CHSH) inequality is very robust. However, we argue that with the Einstein–Podolsky–Rosen setup, the CHSH is inferior to the Bell inequality, although and because the latter must assume anti-correlation of entangled photon singlet states. We simulate how often quantum behavior violates both inequalities, depending on the number of photons. Violating Bell 99% of the time is argued to be an ideal benchmark. We present hidden variables that violate the Bell and CHSH inequalities with 50% probability, and ones which violate Bell 85% of the time when missing 13% anti-correlation. We discuss how to present the quantum correlations to a wide audience and conclude that, when defending against claims of hidden classicality, one should demand numerical simulations and insist on anti-correlation and the full amount of Bell violation. -- Highlights: •The widely assumed superiority of the CHSH fails in the EPR problem. •We simulate Bell type inequalities behavior depending on the number of photons. •The core of Bell’s theorem in the EPR setup is introduced in a simple way understandable to a wide audience. •We present hidden variables that violate both inequalities with 50% probability. •Algorithms have been supplied in form of Mathematica programs.

  14. Entropic inequalities for noncomposite quantum systems realized by superconducting circuits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. K. Fedorov; E. O. Kiktenko; O. V. Man'ko; V. I. Man'ko

    2014-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    We study a class of entropic inequalities obtained for noncomposite quantum system realized by a many-level superconducting circuit. By using a mapping on bipartite quantum states, we consider possible realization schemes of various quantum logic gates for noncomposite quantum systems. In this framework, we discuss $\\log{N}$ entropic inequalities for Shannon and R\\'eniy entropies based on the quantum Fourier transform. Implementation of the quantum Fourier transform on a quantum processor based on many-level superconducting circuits opens a way for experimental verification of $\\log{N}$ entropic inequalities.

  15. A Penrose inequality for asymptotically locally hyperbolic graphs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levi Lopes de Lima; Frederico Girão

    2013-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

    We use the inverse mean curvature flow to prove a sharp Alexandrov-Fenchel-type inequality for a class of hypersurfaces in certain locally hyperbolic manifolds. As an application we derive an optimal Penrose inequality for asymptotically locally hyperbolic graphs in any dimension $n\\geq 3$. When the horizon has the topology of a compact surface of genus at least one, this provides an affirmative answer, for this class of initial data sets, to a question posed by Gibbons, Chru\\'sciel and Simon on the validity of a Penrose-type inequality for black hole solutions carrying a higher genus horizon.

  16. The Gendered Shackles of the Would-Be "Madame President": A Rhetorical Analysis of Hillary Clinton's Campaign Communication during the 2008 Democratic Presidential Primary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schnoebelen, James M.

    2010-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This study analyzes Hillary Rodham Clinton's key speeches and debate performances during the 2008 Democrat presidential primary. Specifically, a rhetorical criticism of Clinton's discourse, utilizing Bitzer's "rhetorical ...

  17. Development of oxide dispersion strengthened ferritic steels for fusion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mukhopadhyay, D.K. [Vista Metals, Inc., McKeesport, PA (United States); Froes, F.H. [Univ. of Idaho, ID (United States); Gelles, D.S. [Pacific Northwest National Lab., Richland, WA (United States)

    1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) ferritic steel with high temperature strength has been developed in line with low activation criteria for application in fusion power systems. The composition Fe-13.5Cr-2W-0.5Ti-0.25Y{sub 2}O{sup 3} was chosen to provide a minimum chromium content to insure fully delta-ferrite stability. High temperature strength has been demonstrated by measuring creep response of the ODS alloy in uniaxial tension at 650 and 900 C in an inert atmosphere chamber. Results of tests at 900 C demonstrate that this alloy has creep properties similar to other alloys of similar design and can be considered for use in high temperature fusion power system designs. The alloy selection process, materials production, microstructural evaluation and creep testing are described.

  18. Wage inequality and the role of pre-market skills

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steinberger, Michael Douglas

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation consists of three empirical studies, each using a measure of pre-market skills to examine an aspect of wage inequality in the U.S. labor market. Chapter One analyzes the factors associated with the change ...

  19. RIEMANN'S INEQUALITY AND RIEMANN-ROCH DONU ARAPURA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arapura, Donu

    of genus g. Riemann's inequality gives a sufficient condition to construct meromorphic functions is a finite formal sum D = npp with p X and np Z. We sometimes view this as sum over all points with np = 0

  20. Journal of Inequalities in Pure and Applied Mathematics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ansari, Qamrul Hasan

    , Article 6, 2003 RELATIVELY B-PSEUDOMONOTONE VARIATIONAL INEQUALITIES OVER PRODUCT OF SETS QAMRUL HASAN Commission, No. F. 8-1/2002 (SR-1), New Delhi, Govt. of India. 107-02 #12;2 QAMRUL HASAN ANSARI AND ZUBAIR

  1. Net spaces and inequalities of Hardy-Littlewood type

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nursultanov, E D [Institute of Applied Mathematics National Academy of Sciences of Kazakhstan (Kazakhstan)

    1998-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The summability properties of trigonometric Fourier series in L{sub p}-spaces are studied. The estimates obtained can be treated in a certain sense as reverse Hardy-Littlewood inequalities.

  2. Essays on variational inequalities and competitive supply chain models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zaretsky, M. (Marina)

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the first part of the thesis we combine ideas from cutting plane and interior point methods to solve variational inequality problems efficiently. In particular, we introduce "smarter" cuts into two general methods for ...

  3. On Minimal Valid Inequalities for Mixed Integer Conic Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Jun 27, 2013 ... ... various specific convex constraints such as linear, convex quadratic, eigen- value, etc., and hence offer significant representation power (see [14] ... extremal inequalities for certain generic semi-infinite relaxations of MILPs ...

  4. The Democratic Window of Opportunity: Evidence from Riots in sub-Saharan Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aidt, Toke S.; Leon, Gabriel

    2014-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Par- ticipation and Public Finance in 20th Century Latin America." European Journal of Political Economy 27(1), 181-200. 22 [6] Aidt, Toke S. and Facundo Albornoz, 2011. "Political Regimes and Foreign Inter- vention."Journal of Development Economics 94... causal way to democratic change has a long history in political economy, and has recently gained renewed cur- 5 rency through the work of Acemoglu and Robinson (2000, 2001, 2006) and Boix (2003). The formalization of this idea in the work by Acemoglu...

  5. Microstructure, strengthening mechanisms and hot deformation behavior of an oxide-dispersion strengthened UFG Al6063 alloy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Asgharzadeh, H. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Tabriz, P.O. Box 51666-16471, Tabriz (Iran, Islamic Republic of)] [Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Tabriz, P.O. Box 51666-16471, Tabriz (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Kim, H.S. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Pohang University of Science and Technology, P.O. Box 790-784, Pohang (Korea, Republic of)] [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Pohang University of Science and Technology, P.O. Box 790-784, Pohang (Korea, Republic of); Simchi, A., E-mail: simchi@sharif.edu [Department of Materials Science and Engineering and Institute for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Sharif University of Technology, P.O. Box 11365-9466, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    An ultrafine-grained Al6063/Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} (0.8 vol.%, 25 nm) nanocomposite was prepared via powder metallurgy route through reactive mechanical alloying and hot powder extrusion. Scanning electron microcopy, transmission electron microscopy, and back scattered electron diffraction analysis showed that the grain structure of the nanocomposite is trimodal and composed of nano-size grains (< 0.1 {mu}m), ultrafine grains (0.1-1 {mu}m), and micron-size grains (> 1 {mu}m) with random orientations. Evaluation of the mechanical properties of the nanocomposite based on the strengthening-mechanism models revealed that the yield strength of the ultrafine-grained nanocomposite is mainly controlled by the high-angle grain boundaries rather than nanometric alumina particles. Hot deformation behavior of the material at different temperatures and strain rates was studied by compression test and compared to coarse-grained Al6063 alloy. The activation energy of the hot deformation process for the nanocomposite was determined to be 291 kJ mol{sup -1}, which is about 64% higher than that of the coarse-grained alloy. Detailed microstructural analysis revealed that dynamic recrystallization is responsible for the observed deformation softening in the ultrafine-grained nanocomposite. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The strengthening mechanisms of Al6063/Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} nanocomposite were evaluated. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Hot deformation behavior of the nanocomposite was studied. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The hot deformation activation energy was determined using consecutive models. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The restoration mechanisms and microstructural changes are presented.

  6. Behavior of steel monopoles strengthened with high-modulus CFRP materials B. Lanier a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Behavior of steel monopoles strengthened with high-modulus CFRP materials B. Lanier a , D. Schnerch modulus Carbon fiber reinforced polymers Steel structures Design recommendations Monopole towers a b s t r a c t This paper introduces a strengthening technique for steel monopole towers using high

  7. Page 1 of 19 Modelling of Reinforced Concrete Flexural Members Strengthened with Near-1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    beams strengthened with various Near-Surface Mounted9 (NSM) Fibre-Reinforced Polymers (FRPPage 1 of 19 Modelling of Reinforced Concrete Flexural Members Strengthened with Near-1 Surface, flexure, glass,27 modeling, near-surface mounted, rebars, reinforced concrete beam, sheets, static,28

  8. Geometric conditions for violation of Bell's inequality

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mendas, Istok P. [Institute of Physics, P. O. Box 57, 11001 Belgrad (Serbia and Montenegro)

    2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The geometric conditions for violation of Bell's inequality, in its original form dealing with a pair of spin one-half particles formed in the singlet spin state, are discussed. The parameters x{sub 1}, x{sub 2}, and x{sub 3} are introduced as the cosines of angles {theta}{sub ab}=angle(a,b), {theta}{sub ac}=angle(a,c), and {theta}{sub bc}=angle(b,c) between the unit vectors a, b, and c defining the orientation of the corresponding Stern-Gerlach magnets. A Monte Carlo experiment shows that in order to obtain violation, the three parameters must belong to a definite region in the parametric space that encompasses 1/3 of all possible triplets of unit vectors generated randomly from the isotropic distribution in the ordinary space. By introducing a measure of violation D{identical_to}|x{sub 1}-x{sub 2}|+x{sub 3}-1, it is found that 0{<=}D{<=}1/2 and that the maximal violation D=1/2 is obtained only in two isolated cases, when the relevant angles are {theta}{sub ab}=2{pi}/3, {theta}{sub ac}={theta}{sub bc}={pi}/3, or when {theta}{sub ab}={theta}{sub bc}={pi}/3, {theta}{sub ac}=2{pi}/3. In both cases the unit vectors a, b, and c are coplanar.

  9. How simple regulations can deeply reduce inequality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iglesias, J R

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Many models of market dynamics make use of the idea of wealth exchanges among economic agents. A simple analogy compares the wealth in a society with the energy in a physical system, and the trade between agents to the energy exchange between molecules during collisions. However, while in physical systems the equipartition of energy is valid, in most exchange models for economic markets the system converges to a very unequal "condensed" state, where one or a few agents concentrate all the wealth of the society and the wide majority of agents shares zero or a very tiny fraction of the wealth. Here we present an exchange model where the goal is not only to avoid condensation but also to reduce the inequality; to carry out this objective the choice of interacting agents is not at random, but follows an extremal dynamics regulated by the wealth of the agent. The wealth of the agent with the minimum capital is changed at random and the difference between the ancient and the new wealth of this poorest agent is take...

  10. Positive maps, majorization, entropic inequalities, and detection of entanglement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Remigiusz Augusiak; Julia Stasi?ska

    2009-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, we discuss some general connections between the notions of positive map, weak majorization and entropic inequalities in the context of detection of entanglement among bipartite quantum systems. First, basing on the fact that any positive map $\\Lambda:M_{d}(\\mathbb{C})\\to M_{d}(\\mathbb{C})$ can be written as the difference between two completely positive maps $\\Lambda=\\Lambda_{1}-\\Lambda_{2}$, we propose a possible way to generalize the Nielsen--Kempe majorization criterion. Then we present two methods of derivation of some general classes of entropic inequalities useful for the detection of entanglement. While the first one follows from the aforementioned generalized majorization relation and the concept of the Schur--concave decreasing functions, the second is based on some functional inequalities. What is important is that, contrary to the Nielsen--Kempe majorization criterion and entropic inequalities, our criteria allow for the detection of entangled states with positive partial transposition when using indecomposable positive maps. We also point out that if a state with at least one maximally mixed subsystem is detected by some necessary criterion based on the positive map $\\Lambda$, then there exist entropic inequalities derived from $\\Lambda$ (by both procedures) that also detect this state. In this sense, they are equivalent to the necessary criterion $[I\\ot\\Lambda](\\varrho_{AB})\\geq 0$. Moreover, our inequalities provide a way of constructing multi--copy entanglement witnesses and therefore are promising from the experimental point of view. Finally, we discuss some of the derived inequalities in the context of recently introduced protocol of state merging and possibility of approximating the mean value of a linear entanglement witness.

  11. Oxide Dispersion Strengthened Iron Aluminide by CVD Coated Powders

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Asit Biswas Andrew J. Sherman

    2006-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

    This I &I Category2 program developed chemical vapor deposition (CVD) of iron, aluminum and aluminum oxide coated iron powders and the availability of high temperature oxidation, corrosion and erosion resistant coating for future power generation equipment and can be used for retrofitting existing fossil-fired power plant equipment. This coating will provide enhanced life and performance of Coal-Fired Boilers components such as fire side corrosion on the outer diameter (OD) of the water wall and superheater tubing as well as on the inner diameter (ID) and OD of larger diameter headers. The program also developed a manufacturing route for readily available thermal spray powders for iron aluminide coating and fabrication of net shape component by powder metallurgy route using this CVD coated powders. This coating can also be applid on jet engine compressor blade and housing, industrial heat treating furnace fixtures, magnetic electronic parts, heating element, piping and tubing for fossil energy application and automotive application, chemical processing equipment , heat exchanger, and structural member of aircraft. The program also resulted in developing a new fabrication route of thermal spray coating and oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) iron aluminide composites enabling more precise control over material microstructures.

  12. EIA and green procurement: Opportunities for strengthening their coordination

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Uttam, Kedar, E-mail: kedar@kth.se [Department of Land and Water Resources Engineering, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm (Sweden); Faith-Ell, Charlotta, E-mail: charlotta.faith-ell@WSPGroup.se [WSP Sweden (Sweden); Balfors, Berit, E-mail: balfors@kth.se [Department of Land and Water Resources Engineering, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm (Sweden)

    2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    EIA plays an important role in enhancing the environmental performance of the construction sector. In recent years, the construction sector has been developing green procurement practices. Green procurement is a process that involves the incorporation of environmental requirements during the procurement of services and products. However, discussion on green procurement is rarely seen during the EIA phase. This paper addresses possible opportunities for improving the coordination between EIA and green procurement within the construction sector. The linking of EIA and green procurement has been postulated in the paper as an aid to strengthen the coordination between project planning and implementation. The paper is based on a literature review and is an outcome of an on-going research project concerning EIA and green procurement. This study indicated that it would be appropriate to introduce green procurement during the pre-decision phase of an EIA. In the present study, the opportunities for integrating green procurement at the stage of EIA are associated with the integration of project planning and EIA. Future research should investigate the mechanism through which the link can be established. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer This paper identifies opportunities to link EIA and green procurement. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Pre-decision phase of EIA could be appropriate for planning green procurement. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Future research should investigate the mechanism for establishing the link.

  13. INDONESIA'S DEMOCRATIC TRANSFORMATION Launch by Prof the Hon Gareth Evans, Chancellor, of Harold Crouch, Political Reform in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Botea, Adi

    INDONESIA'S DEMOCRATIC TRANSFORMATION Launch by Prof the Hon Gareth Evans, Chancellor, of Harold Crouch, Political Reform in Indonesia after Soeharto and Edward Aspinall and Marcus Mietzner (eds) Problems of Democratisation in Indonesia, College of Asia and the Pacific, Australian National University

  14. Mapping Global Inequality with World Society Theory and Social Structural Analysis - Can Worlds Meet?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diewald, Martin; Albert, Mathias

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    listing which most notably Amartya Sen refused to join; seeApproach, Milan: Feltrinelli Sen, Amartya (1992): Inequality

  15. Exponential inequalities for martingales and asymptotic properties of the free energy of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Exponential inequalities for martingales and asymptotic properties of the free energy of directed exponential concentration inequalities for the free energy of directed polymers in random environment, show in terms of free energies of some multiplicative cascades, which improves an inequality of Comets

  16. On some sharp spectral inequalities for Schrödinger operators on semi-axis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pavel Exner; Ari Laptev; Muhammad Usman

    2013-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we obtain sharp Lieb-Thirring inequalities for a Schr\\"odinger operator on semi-axis with a matrix potential and show how they can be used to other related problems. Among them are spectral inequalities on star graphs and spectral inequalities for Schr\\"odinger operators on half-spaces with Robin boundary conditions.

  17. Unfair inequalities in health and health care Marc Fleurbaey and Erik Schokkaert

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nesterov, Yurii

    2007/90 Unfair inequalities in health and health care Marc Fleurbaey and Erik Schokkaert #12;CORE DISCUSSION PAPER 2007/90 Unfair inequalities in health and health care Marc FLEURBAEY 1 and Erik SCHOKKAERT2 November2007 Abstract Inequalities in health and health care are caused by different factors. Measuring

  18. Inequality and the Dayton Tax-Budget Plan Jay Coggins and Dane Smith

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weiblen, George D

    Inequality and the Dayton Tax-Budget Plan Jay Coggins and Dane Smith Department of Applied Economics University of Minnesota March 6, 2013 Jay Coggins and Dane Smith Inequality and the Dayton Tax Jay Coggins and Dane Smith Inequality and the Dayton Tax-Budget Plan #12;Size of chart needed for Ray

  19. Eur J Cancer. Author manuscript Social inequalities in cancer incidence and cancer survival: Lessons from

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Eur J Cancer. Author manuscript Page /1 5 Social inequalities in cancer incidence and cancer ( ). With regards to cancer risk, a first comprehensive review of socioeconomic inequalities was1 published by IARC in 1997 ( ). This review covered inequalities in cancer mortality, incidence and survival and discussed

  20. Chemically strengthened protection glasses for the applications of space solar cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, H. F., E-mail: whf2008@dhu.edu.cn [College of Material Science and Engineering, Donghua University, 2999 North Renmin Road, Songjiang District, Shanghai 201620 (China); Xing, G. Z., E-mail: guozhong.xing@unsw.edu.au; Zhang, L.; Li, S. [School of Materials Science and Engineering, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales 2052 (Australia)] [School of Materials Science and Engineering, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales 2052 (Australia); Wang, X. Y. [Department of Civil Engineering, Northeast Dianli University, Jilin 132012 (China)] [Department of Civil Engineering, Northeast Dianli University, Jilin 132012 (China); Zhang, L. L. [Zhuhai College of Jilin University, Zhuhai, Guangdong, 519041 (China)] [Zhuhai College of Jilin University, Zhuhai, Guangdong, 519041 (China)

    2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The effects of chemically strengthened processing and the ion beam irradiation on the mechanical characteristics of space solar cell protection glasses are investigated using dynamic mechanical analysis and micro hardness instrument; also the corresponding optical properties were analyzed by utilizing the UV/visible spectrophotometer. The results suggest that the flexural strength, fracture toughness and surface characteristics are enhanced via the chemical strengthening process. Importantly, such process has a trivial influence with ?0.2% degradation on the transparency of chemically strengthened glasses in the band range of 350 ? 1000 nm, while exhibits an excellent resistance on radiation damage by ion beams bombardment, demonstrating an outstanding durability in the space radiation environment.

  1. Classical statistical distributions can violate Bell-type inequalities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Matzkin

    2008-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate two-particle phase-space distributions in classical mechanics characterized by a well-defined value of the total angular momentum. We construct phase-space averages of observables related to the projection of the particles' angular momenta along axes with different orientations. It is shown that for certain observables, the correlation function violates Bell's inequality. The key to the violation resides in choosing observables impeding the realization of the counterfactual event that plays a prominent role in the derivation of the inequalities. This situation can have statistical (detection related) or dynamical (interaction related) underpinnings, but non-locality does not play any role.

  2. Strengthening of the Pacific Equatorial Undercurrent in the SODA Reanalysis: Mechanisms, Ocean Dynamics, and Implications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karnauskas, Kristopher B.

    Several recent studies utilizing global climate models predict that the Pacific Equatorial Undercurrent (EUC) will strengthen over the twenty-first century. Here, historical changes in the tropical Pacific are investigated ...

  3. EXTENSION CENTER FOR FOOD, AGRICULTURAL AND NATURAL RESOURCE SCIENCES Strengthening Minnesota's food, agriculture,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Netoff, Theoden

    EXTENSION CENTER FOR FOOD, AGRICULTURAL AND NATURAL RESOURCE SCIENCES Strengthening Minnesota's food, agriculture, and environment ISSUE: Many challenges facing society today are rooted in food, agriculture, and the environment. Minnesota's land and resources are expected to provide an ever

  4. State Energy Program (SEP) Strengthening Building Retrofit Markets and Stimulating Energy Efficiency Action

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) presentation on State Energy Program (SEP) Strengthening Building Retrofit Markets and Stimulating Energy Efficiency Action DE-FOA-0000251, Stimulating Energy Efficiency Action from State Public Utility Commissions DE-FOA-0000266

  5. Process for the synthesis of nanophase dispersion-strengthened aluminum alloy

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Barbour, John C. (Albuquerque, NM); Knapp, James Arthur (Albuquerque, NM); Follstaedt, David Martin (Albuquerque, NM); Myers, Samuel Maxwell (Albuquerque, NM)

    1998-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A process for fabricating dispersion-strengthened ceramic-metal composites is claimed. The process comprises in-situ interaction and chemical reaction of a metal in gaseous form with a ceramic producer in plasma form. Such composites can be fabricated with macroscopic dimensions. Special emphasis is placed on fabrication of dispersion-strengthened aluminum oxide-aluminum composites, which can exhibit flow stresses more characteristic of high strength steel.

  6. Bell Inequality (Non-)Violation versus Local (Non-) Commutativity [1] Michael Seevinck and Jos Uffink. Utrecht University, the Netherlands.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seevinck, Michiel

    Uffink. Utrecht University, the Netherlands. I: Bell inequality & Local commutativity Consider the well

  7. Economics 390 (Section 14) Poverty and Inequality in Advanced Societies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheridan, Jennifer

    Economics 390 (Section 14) Poverty and Inequality in Advanced Societies Steven N. Durlauf and intertemporally. The course will have two textbooks as background: Gary Becker and Kevin Murphy, Social Economics in economics. Course lectures will not follow a textbook. They will consist of the instructor's development

  8. Intra-Household Inequality in Transitional Russia Ekaterina Kalugina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Intra-Household Inequality in Transitional Russia Ekaterina Kalugina Natalia Radtchenko Catherine and satisfaction. Using two different subjective questions of the Russian data RLMS (Russia Longitudinal Monitoring and social changes in Russia, we investigate the dynamics of household behavior. Keywords: subjective data

  9. Outsourcing and wage inequality in the home country

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hsu, Kuang-Chung

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Happened to the Outsourcing Effect on Wage Inequality in the 1970s?” I find that, in the 1970s, white-collar workers’ wages deteriorated and blue-collar workers’ wages were non-decreasing. R&D workers always benefit from outsourcing. Except computers...

  10. L^p Bernstein Inequalities and Radial Basis Function Approximation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ward, John P.

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    inequalities are a recent development in the theory of RBF approximation, and on Rd, only L2 results are known for RBFs with algebraically decaying Fourier transforms (e.g. the Sobolev splines and thin-plate splines). We will therefore extend what is known...

  11. Renewable Technologies and Environmental Injustice: Subsidizing Bioenergy, Promoting Inequity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shrader-Frechette, Kristin

    Renewable Technologies and Environmental Injustice: Subsidizing Bioenergy, Promoting Inequity-giganteus biomass, this article shows that bioenergy projects are (1) not clean, given overwhelming particulate biomass in- cineration? No. Despite bioenergy threats to climate change,3,4 and despite the World Bank

  12. Convergent relaxations of polynomial matrix inequalities and static output feedback

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Henrion, Didier

    (LMI) relaxations to solve non-convex polynomial matrix in- equality (PMI) optimization problems minimizers that satisfy the PMI. The approach is successfully applied to PMIs arising from static output- mulated as polynomial matrix inequality (PMI) optimization problems in the controller parameters

  13. Inequalities for low-energy symmetric nuclear matter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dean Lee

    2004-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Using effective field theory we prove inequalities for the correlations of two-nucleon operators in low-energy symmetric nuclear matter. For physical values of operator coefficients in the effective Lagrangian, the S = 1, I = 0 channel correlations must have the lowest energy and longest correlation length in the two-nucleon sector. This result is valid at nonzero density and temperature.

  14. Journal of Inequalities in Pure and Applied Mathematics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tuan, Vu

    heat source of the heat equation tu(x, t) = u(x, t) + f(t)(x), x Rn , t > 0 from the observation u(x0, t), 0 remote point x0 away from the support of . Under an a priori assumption of applications. Key words and phrases: Convolution, Heat source, Weighted convolution inequalities, Young

  15. Asymptotic and Bootstrap Inference for Inequality and Poverty Measures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Asymptotic and Bootstrap Inference for Inequality and Poverty Measures by Russell Davidson samples, although inference with poverty indices is satisfactory. We find that the major cause method in moderately large samples. JEL codes: C00, C15, I32 Key words: Income distribution, poverty

  16. Linear operator inequalities for strongly stable weakly regular linear systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Curtain, Ruth F.

    that A has compact resolvent and its eigenvectors form a Riesz basis for the state space, we give an explicit to a spectral factorization problem and to a lin- ear quadratic optimal control problem. More concretely R, which implies that R #21; 0. The associated linear matrix inequality in the unknown self

  17. Mixed n-Step MIR Inequalities, n-Step Conic MIR Inequalities and a Polyhedral Study of Single Row Facility Layout Problem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanjeevi, Sujeevraja

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    of these inequalities. First we introduce the mixed n-step mixed integer rounding (MIR) inequalities for a generalization of the mixing set which we refer to as the n-mixing set. The n-mixing set is a multi-constraint mixed integer set in which each constraint has n...

  18. What Drives the Public Mood of Income Inequality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Myers, Rebekah M

    2014-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

    through voter turnout, representation, and how redistribution occurs (Bartels 2008, Kelly 2009, Ura and Ellis 2008). previous liter- ature suggests implicitly that there is a kind of feedback loop to how opinions are formed towards a political phenomenon... of how much they make, are not overly supportive of redistributive policies. In fact, Kelly and Enns (2010) find that as inequality rises, both the rich and poor want less government and are more conservative in their political views...

  19. Inequalities for quantum channels assisted by limited resources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vittorio Giovannetti

    2005-07-04T23:59:59.000Z

    The information capacities and ``distillability'' of a quantum channel are studied in the presence of auxiliary resources. These include prior entanglement shared between the sender and receiver and free classical bits of forward and backward communication. Inequalities and trade-off curves are derived. In particular an alternative proof is given that in the absence of feedback and shared entanglement, forward classical communication does not increase the quantum capacity of a channel.

  20. Near-Optimal and Explicit Bell Inequality Violations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harry Buhrman; Oded Regev; Giannicola Scarpa; Ronald de Wolf

    2011-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Bell inequality violations correspond to behavior of entangled quantum systems that cannot be simulated classically. We give two new two-player games with Bell inequality violations that are stronger, fully explicit, and arguably simpler than earlier work. The first game is based on the Hidden Matching problem of quantum communication complexity, introduced by Bar-Yossef, Jayram, and Kerenidis. This game can be won with probability~1 by a quantum strategy using a maximally entangled state with local dimension $n$ (e.g., $\\log n$ EPR-pairs), while we show that the winning probability of any classical strategy differs from 1/2 by at most $O(\\log n/\\sqrt{n})$. The second game is based on the integrality gap for Unique Games by Khot and Vishnoi and the quantum rounding procedure of Kempe, Regev, and Toner. Here $n$-dimensional entanglement allows to win the game with probability $1/(\\log n)^2$, while the best winning probability without entanglement is $1/n$. This near-linear ratio ("Bell inequality violation") is near-optimal, both in terms of the local dimension of the entangled state, and in terms of the number of possible outputs of the two players.

  1. Bell's theorem with and without inequalities for all three-qubit entangled states

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cabello, A

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A proof of Bell's theorem without inequalities valid for both inequivalent classes of three-qubit entangled states under local operations assisted by classical communication, namely GHZ and W, is described. This proof leads to a Bell inequality that allows more conclusive tests of Bell's theorem for three-qubit systems. Another Bell inequality involving both tri- and bipartite correlations is introduced which illustrates the different violations of local realism exhibited by the GHZ and W states.

  2. INEQUALITIES FOR SOME BLOCKS OF FINITE GROUPS GUNTER MALLE AND GABRIEL NAVARRO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malle, Gunter

    AND GABRIEL NAVARRO Abstract. We analyze some inequalities for numbers of characters in p-bl* *ocks. 1 #12; 2 Gunter Malle and Gabriel Navarro 2. Blocks

  3. Predator diversity strengthens trophic cascades in kelp forests by modifying herbivore behaviour

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stachowicz, Jay

    LETTER Predator diversity strengthens trophic cascades in kelp forests by modifying herbivore the consequences of changing predator diversity for trophic cascades in kelp forests. In field surveys we found that predator diversity was negatively correlated with herbivore abundance and positively correlated with kelp

  4. educating | innovating | transforming | advocating | strengthening vulnerable families social workuniversity of illinois at urbana-champaign

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbert, Matthew

    educating | innovating | transforming | advocating | strengthening vulnerable families social innovative efforts and collaborations are having on the lives of people in need. Whose lives? Those of · Low to work through the social barriers hindering the project. "We needed to gain trust from the local

  5. SHEAR STRENGTHENING USING FRJ> SHEETS FOR A HIGHWAY BRIDGE IN MANITOHA, CANADA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SHEAR STRENGTHENING USING FRJ> SHEETS FOR A HIGHWAY BRIDGE IN MANITOHA, CANADA lIutchinson et al trucks demanded upgrading of a twenty-seven year old bridge in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. Analysis, Manitoba, Canada, is considering an upgrading of the Maryland bridge in response to the demand for using

  6. Keeping the lead: How to strengthen shark conservation and management policies in Canada

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Myers, Ransom A.

    Keeping the lead: How to strengthen shark conservation and management policies in Canada Aurelie, Canada B3H 4J1 b WWF-Canada, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada B3J 1P3 a r t i c l e i n f o Article history: Biodiversity conservation Bycatch Canada Fisheries management Sharks Threatened species a b s t r a c

  7. Fatigue and Overloading Behavior of SteelConcrete Composite Flexural Members Strengthened with High

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    strengthened with new high modulus carbon fiber-reinforced polymer HM CFRP materials. The behavior of the beams.1061/ ASCE 1090-0268 2007 11:6 659 CE Database subject headings: Fatigue; Composite materials; Fiber carbon FRP CFRP materials for the repair and strength- ening of steel bridges and structures. A number

  8. The Southern Ontario Smart Computing Consortium helps strengthen Canada's digital economy by providing a new innovation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denham, Graham

    conservation and management through the application of advanced weather modeling and smart grid technologiesThe Southern Ontario Smart Computing Consortium helps strengthen Canada's digital economy by providing a new innovation framework that helps solve critical challenges facing our cities, environment

  9. Preliminary Thermography Studies for Quality Control of Concrete Structures Strengthened with

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Entekhabi, Dara

    Preliminary Thermography Studies for Quality Control of Concrete Structures Strengthened with Fiber at the substrate interface and within multi-ply systems. Infrared thermography is well suited for this purpose efficiently. Before infrared thermography can be developed into a standard methodology, however

  10. Geology and Geophysics: Building Partnerships Forging New Links and Strengthening Old Ones Builds a Stronger Department

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Cari

    , course-work tracks that equip students for roles in industry, geological engineering, oil and mineralGeology and Geophysics: Building Partnerships Forging New Links and Strengthening Old Ones Builds. The Geology and Geophysics Department at the University of Utah has a long history of successful partnerships

  11. Mid-Holocene strengthening of the Southern Westerlies in South America --Sedimentological evidences from

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilli, Adrian

    Mid-Holocene strengthening of the Southern Westerlies in South America -- Sedimentological layers, a composite sedimentological record of almost 25 m was established covering the last ~16,000 cal yr. Sedimentological and petrophysical analysis of the cores revealed the establishment of a dominant

  12. STRENGTHENING OF CONCRETE ROOF USING CFRP STRIPS Emile Shehata, Sami Rizkalla .

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -386 Broadway, Winnipeg, MB ABSTRACT Carbon Fibre Reinforced PlaStic (CFRP) strips were used for strengthening to one or a combination. of the following reasons: aging of structural elements, demand for increasing Control Centre, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. Changing industrial demand at this plant necessitated

  13. Microstructural, mechanical and weldability assessments of the dissimilar welds between ??- and ??-strengthened nickel-base superalloys

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Naffakh Moosavy, Homam, E-mail: homam_naffakh@iust.ac.ir [School of Metallurgy and Materials Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology (IUST), Tehran 16846-13114 (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Aboutalebi, Mohammad-Reza; Seyedein, Seyed Hossein [School of Metallurgy and Materials Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology (IUST), Tehran 16846-13114 (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Mapelli, Carlo [Dipartimento di Meccanica, Politecnico di Milano, Via La Massa 34, Milan 20156 (Italy)

    2013-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Dissimilar welding of ??- and ??-strengthened nickel-base superalloys has been investigated to identify the relationship between the microstructure of the welds and the resultant mechanical and weldability characteristics. ??-Strengthened nickel-base Alloy 500 and ??-strengthened nickel-base Alloy 718 were used for dissimilar welding. Gas tungsten arc welding operations were utilized for performing the autogenous dissimilar welding. Alloy 500 and Alloy 718 base metals showed various types of phases, carbides, intermetallics and eutectics in their microstructure. The results for Alloy 500 weld metal showed severe segregation of titanium to the interdendritic regions. The Alloy 718 weld metal compositional analysis confirmed the substantial role of Nb in the formation of low-melting eutectic-type morphologies which can reduce the weldability. The microstructure of dissimilar weld metal with dilution level of 65% wt.% displayed semi-developed dendritic structure. The less segregation and less formation of low-melting eutectic structures caused to less susceptibility of the dissimilar weld metal to the solidification cracking. This result was confirmed by analytic modeling achievements. Dissolution of ??-Ni{sub 3}Nb precipitations took place in the Alloy 718 heat-affected zone leading to sharp decline of the microhardness in this region. Remelted and resolidified regions were observed in the partially-melted zone of Alloy 500 and Alloy 718. Nevertheless, no solidification and liquation cracking happened in the dissimilar welds. Finally, this was concluded that dissimilar welding of ??- and ??-strengthened nickel-base superalloys can successfully be performed. - Highlights: • Dissimilar welding of ??- and ??-strengthened nickel-base superalloys is studied. • Microstructural, mechanical and weldability aspects of the welds are assessed. • Microstructure of welds, bases and heat-affected zones is characterized in detail. • The type, morphology and distribution of the phases are thoroughly investigated. • Dissimilar welding is successfully performed without occurrence of any hot cracks.

  14. Large Sieve Inequalities for GL(n)-forms In the Conductor Aspect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Venkatesh, Akshay

    Large Sieve Inequalities for GL(n)-forms In the Conductor Aspect Akshay Venkatesh September 18, 2003 Abstract Duke and Kowalski in [6] derive a large sieve inequality for auto- morphic forms on GL distinct to that in [6]. As an application, we give a generalization to GL(n) of Duke's multiplicity

  15. Inequality and the Politics of Social Policy Implementation: Gender, Age and Chile's 2004 Health Reforms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin at Madison, University of

    Reforms CHRISTINA EWIG and GASTO´ N A. PALMUCCI * University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA Summary implementation. We examine the 2004 Chilean health reforms that sought to regulate private insurers, and measure their effects on gender and age inequality. We find that reforms intended to decrease these inequalities largely

  16. A Non-linear Dynamical Systems' Proof of Kraft-McMillan Inequality and its Converse

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nithin Nagaraj

    2007-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

    In this short paper, we shall provide a dynamical systems' proof of the famous Kraft-McMillan inequality and its converse. Kraft-McMillan inequality is a basic result in information theory which gives a necessary and sufficient condition for the lengths of the codewords of a code to be uniquely decodable.

  17. On the Low Rank Solutions for Linear Matrix Inequalities Yongwei Huang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Shuzhong

    On the Low Rank Solutions for Linear Matrix Inequalities Wenbao Ai Yongwei Huang Shuzhong Zhang September 2006 Abstract In this paper we present a polynomial-time procedure to find a low rank solution for a system of Linear Matrix Inequalities (LMI). The existence of such a low rank solution was shown in Au

  18. Inequalities in composite materials and Eshelby's Hyundae Lee(Inha University)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Yong Jung

    Inequalities in composite materials and Eshelby's conjecture Hyundae Lee(Inha University) February 11, 2014 Hyundae Lee(Inha University) Inequalities in composite materials and Eshelby's conjecture in composite materials and Eshelby's conjecture #12;Contents Bounds on composite materials and extreme

  19. A Generalization of the Entropy Power Inequality with Applications \\Lambda Ram Zamir and Meir Feder

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zamir, Ram

    ­Gaussian vector with independent components becomes ``closer'' to Gaussianity after a linear transformation, where Power Inequality Consider the (joint­) differential­entropy h(Ax), of a linear transformation y = AxA Generalization of the Entropy Power Inequality with Applications \\Lambda Ram Zamir and Meir Feder

  20. Economic Growth, Poverty and Inequality: Indian Experience of Reforms and Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krivobokova, Tatyana

    Economic Growth, Poverty and Inequality: Indian Experience of Reforms and Development Panchanan Das economy since the 1970s has affected the incidence of poverty at the regional level and income suggest that the faster economic growth causes higher incidence of poverty and inequality. Income

  1. hal-00153936,version1-12Jun2007 ANOTHER PROOF OF WRIGHT'S INEQUALITIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    hal-00153936,version1-12Jun2007 ANOTHER PROOF OF WRIGHT'S INEQUALITIES VLADY RAVELOMANANA Abstract. We present a short way of proving the inequalities obtained by Wright in [Journal of Graph Theory, 4 to the numbers c(n, n + ) are due to Sir E. M. Wright in a series of papers including [11, 12]. He also obtained

  2. Quantum communication complexity advantage implies violation of a Bell inequality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harry Buhrman; Lukasz Czekaj; Andrzej Grudka; Michal Horodecki; Pawel Horodecki; Marcin Markiewicz; Florian Speelman; Sergii Strelchuk

    2015-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

    We obtain a general connection between a quantum advantage in communication complexity and non-locality. We show that given any protocol offering a (sufficiently large) quantum advantage in communication complexity, there exists a way of obtaining measurement statistics which violate some Bell inequality. Our main tool is port-based teleportation. If the gap between quantum and classical communication complexity can grow arbitrarily large, the ratio of the quantum value to the classical value of the Bell quantity becomes unbounded with the increase in the number of inputs and outputs.

  3. A new class of non-Shannon-type inequalities for entropies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Konstantin Makarychev; Yury Makarychev; Andrei Romashchenko; Nikolai Vereshchagin

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Abstract. In this paper we prove a countable set of non-Shannon-type linear information inequalities for entropies of discrete random variables, i.e., information inequalities which cannot be reduced to the “basic ” inequality I(X: Y |Z) ? 0. Our results generalize the inequalities of Z. Zhang and R. Yeung (1998) who found the first examples of non-Shannon-type information inequalities. 1. Introduction. A central notion of information theory is Shannon’s entropy 1. Given a set of jointly distributed random variables x1,..., xn, we can consider entropies of all random variables H(xi), entropies of all pairs H(xi, xj), etc. (2 n ? 1 entropy values for all nonempty subsets of {x1,..., xn}). For every n-tuple of random variables we get a point in R 2n ?1, representing entropies of the given distribution.

  4. Is nonlocality responsible for the violation of Bell's inequalities?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agung Budiyono

    2014-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Bell's theorem has been widely argued to show that some of the predictions of quantum mechanics which are obtained by applying the {\\it Born's rule} to a class of {\\it entangled states}, are {\\it not} compatible with {\\it any} local-causal statistical model, via the violation of Bell's inequalities. On the other hand, in the previous work, we have shown that quantum dynamics and kinematics are {\\it emergent} from a statistical model that is singled out {\\it uniquely} by the principle of Locality. Here we shall show that the local-causal model supports entangled states and give the statistical origin of their generation. We then study the Stern-Gerlach experiment to show that the Born's rule can also be derived as a mathematical theorem in the local-causal model. These results lead us to argue that nonlocality is {\\it not} responsible for the quantum mechanical and most importantly experimental violation of Bell's inequalities. The source(s) of violation has to be sought somewhere else.

  5. Creep resistant, precipitation-dispersion-strengthened, martensitic stainless steel and method thereof

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Buck, Robert F. (N. Huntingdon, PA)

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An iron-based, corrosion-resistant, precipitation strengthened, martensitic steel essentially free of delta ferrite for use at high temperatures has a nominal composition of 0.05-0.1 C, 8-12 Cr, 1-5 Co, 0.5-2.0 Ni, 0.41-1.0 Mo, 0.1-0.5 Ti, and the balance iron. This steel is different from other corrosion-resistant martensitic steels because its microstructure consists of a uniform dispersion of fine particles, which are very closely spaced, and which do not coarsen at high temperatures. Thus at high temperatures this steel combines the excellent creep strength of dispersion-strengthened steels, with the ease of fabricability afforded by precipitation hardenable steels.

  6. Creep resistant, precipitation-dispersion-strengthened, martensitic stainless steel and method thereof

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Buck, R.F.

    1994-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

    An iron-based, corrosion-resistant, precipitation strengthened, martensitic steel essentially free of delta ferrite for use at high temperatures has a nominal composition of 0.05--0.1 C, 8--12 Cr, 1--5 Co, 0.5--2.0 Ni, 0.41--1.0 Mo, 0.1--0.5 Ti, and the balance iron. This steel is different from other corrosion-resistant martensitic steels because its microstructure consists of a uniform dispersion of fine particles, which are very closely spaced, and which do not coarsen at high temperatures. Thus at high temperatures this steel combines the excellent creep strength of dispersion-strengthened steels, with the ease of fabricability afforded by precipitation hardenable steels. 2 figures.

  7. Method of producing an oxide dispersion strengthened coating and micro-channels

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kang, Bruce S; Chyu, Minking K; Alvin, Mary Anne; Gleeson, Brian M

    2013-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

    The disclosure provides a method for the production of composite particles utilizing a mechano chemical bonding process following by high energy ball milling on a powder mixture comprised of coating particles, first host particles, and second host particles. The composite particles formed have a grain size of less than one micron with grains generally characterized by a uniformly dispersed coating material and a mix of first material and second material intermetallics. The method disclosed is particularly useful for the fabrication of oxide dispersion strengthened coatings, for example using a powder mixture comprised of Y.sub.2O.sub.3, Cr, Ni, and Al. This particular powder mixture may be subjected to the MCB process for a period generally less than one hour following by high energy ball milling for a period as short as 2 hours. After application by cold spraying, the composite particles may be heat treated to generate an oxide-dispersion strengthened coating.

  8. Strengthening Federal

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy Usage »of Energy Strain Rate Characterization ofDepartment ofTechnologiesE n E

  9. Friction stir welding and processing of oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) alloys

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ren, Weiju

    2014-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

    A method of welding including forming a filler material of a first oxide dispersoid metal, the first oxide dispersoid material having first strengthening particles that compensate for decreases in weld strength of friction stir welded oxide dispersoid metals; positioning the filler material between a first metal structure and a second metal structure each being comprised of at least a second oxide dispersoid metal; and friction welding the filler material, the first metal structure and the second metal structure to provide a weld.

  10. Local Thermal Equilibrium States and Quantum Energy Inequalities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jan Schlemmer; Rainer Verch

    2008-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we investigate the energy distribution of states of a linear scalar quantum field with arbitrary curvature coupling on a curved spacetime which fulfill some local thermality condition. We find that this condition implies a quantum energy inequality for these states, where the (lower) energy bounds depend only on the local temperature distribution and are local and covariant (the dependence of the bounds other than on temperature is on parameters defining the quantum field model, and on local quantities constructed from the spacetime metric). Moreover, we also establish the averaged null energy condition (ANEC) for such locally thermal states, under growth conditions on their local temperature and under conditions on the free parameters entering the definition of the renormalized stress-energy tensor. These results hold for a range of curvature couplings including the cases of conformally coupled and minimally coupled scalar field.

  11. Quantum Inequality Restrictions on Negative Energy Densities in Curved Spacetimes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michael John Pfenning; L. H. Ford

    1998-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

    In quantum field theory, there exist states in which the expectation value of the energy density for a quantized field is negative. These negative energy densities lead to many problems. Although quantum field theory introduces negative energies, it also provides constraints in the form of quantum inequalities (QI's). These uncertainty principle-type relations limit the magnitude and duration of any negative energy. We derive a general form of the QI on the energy density for both the quantized scalar and electromagnetic fields in static curved spacetimes. In the case of the scalar field, the QI can be written as the Euclidean wave operator acting on the Euclidean Green's function. Additionally, a small distance expansion on the Green's function is used to derive the QI in the short sampling time limit. It is found that the QI in this limit reduces to the flat space form with subdominant correction terms which depend on the spacetime geometry. Several example spacetimes are studied in which exact forms of the QI's can be found. These include the three- and four-dimensional static Robertson-Walker spacetimes, flat space with perfectly reflecting mirrors, Rindler and static de Sitter space, and the spacetime outside a black hole. Finally, the application of the quantum inequalities to the Alcubierre warp drive spacetime leads to strict constraints on the thickness of the negative energy region needed to maintain the warp drive. Under these constraints, we discover that the total negative energy required exceeds the total mass of the visible universe by a hundred billion times.

  12. The development of design factors for heat-strengthened and tempered glass based on the glass failure prediction model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oakes, Timothy Andrew

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the interior. According to ASTM, the residual surface compression of tempered glass is defined to have a value of 10, 000 psi (68. 95 MPa) while heat-strengthened glass has residual compressive stresses greater than 3, 500 psi (24. 13 MPa) but less than 10..., 000 psi (68. 95 MPa) (ASTM, 1989). These residual surface compressive stresses must be overcome by mechanical stresses before the glass surfaces experience tension. Hence heat-strengthened and tempered glass are considerably stronger than annealed...

  13. A TEM quantitative evaluation of strengthening in an Mg-RE alloy reinforced with SiC

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cabibbo, Marcello, E-mail: m.cabibbo@univpm.it; Spigarelli, Stefano

    2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Magnesium alloys containing rare earth elements are known to have high specific strength, good creep and corrosion resistance up to 523 K. The addition of SiC ceramic particles strengthens the metal matrix composite resulting in better wear and creep resistance while maintaining good machinability. The role of the reinforcement particles in enhancing strength can be quantitatively evaluated using transmission electron microscopy (TEM). This paper presents a quantitative evaluation of the different strengthening contributions, determined through TEM inspections, in an SiC Mg-RE composite alloy containing yttrium, neodymium, gadolinium and dysprosium. Compression tests at temperatures ranging between 290 and 573 K were carried out. The microstructure strengthening mechanism was studied for all the compression conditions. Strengthening was compared to the mechanical results and the way the different contributions were combined is also discussed and justified. - Research Highlights: {yields} TEM yield strengthening terms evaluation on a Mg-RE SiC alloy. {yields} The evaluation has been extended to different compression temperature conditions. {yields} Linear and Quadratic sum has been proposed and validated. {yields} Hall-Petch was found to be the most prominent strengthening contributions.

  14. The Decline in Inequality In Brazil, 2003-2009: The Role Of The State

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Souza, Pedro H.G.F.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    =1817238. Vaz, D. V, and R. Hoffmann. 2007. “Remuneração NosTornarolli 2011; Rodolfo Hoffmann 1973; Soares 2006a). Part605. doi:10.2307/2657258. Hoffmann, R. 2003. “Inequality in

  15. Mathematical Inequalities: A Perspective. By P. Cerone and S. S. Dragomir. CRC Press, Boca

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Muldoon, Martin E.

    Mathematical Inequalities: A Perspective. By P. Cerone and S. S. Dragomir. CRC Press, Boca Raton such conference was held in Noszvaj, Hungary in 2007 [3]. See also the proceedings of the 1987 Birmingham

  16. Distribution and Process of Environmental Inequity in the Brazos Valley, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hanchett, Chelsea

    2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Lower income and minority communities have long borne an unequal burden of toxic pollution from environmental hazards. I examined environmental inequity, the unequal distribution of environmental hazards in minority and economically disadvantaged...

  17. Slaying the Inequality Villain in School Finance: Is the Right to Education the Silver Bullet?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Darby, Derrick; Levy, Richard E.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This article, part of a symposium on Educational Reform in the 21st Century, considers the relationship between the recognition of a right to education and the amelioration of educational inequalities. As currently understood and implemented...

  18. Does having women in positions of power reduce gender inequality in organizations? : a direct test

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abraham, Mabel Lana Botelho

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    While most research on gender inequality in organizations has focused on the "glass ceilings" barring women from obtaining high-status, or management, positions, as women continue to gain access to these organizational ...

  19. On the exact separation of rank inequalities for the maximum stable ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Aug 23, 2014 ... known for the problem can be seen as rank inequalities in which G[U] is ... In this work, we first formulate the separation problem of rank ...

  20. Global economic changes and income inequality: a test of four competing models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morris, Theresa Marie

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    support relationships specified by dependency theory, world system theory, and political democracy theory. When both cohorts are analyzed simultaneously, trade dependency is positively related to income inequality, lending support to dependency theory...

  1. ON THE SOLUTIONS OF POLYNOMIAL MATRIX INEQUALITIES C.L. NAVARRO-HERNANDEZ1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aldeen, Mohammad

    ON THE SOLUTIONS OF POLYNOMIAL MATRIX INEQUALITIES C.L. NAVARRO-HERNANDEZ1 , F. CRUSCA2 , M.ALDEEN3, Sheffield, UK, c.l.navarro@sheffield.ac.uk 2 Department of Electrical and Computer Systems Engineering

  2. Horizontal Inequity and Vertical Redistribution with Indirect Taxes: the Greek Case

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaplanoglou, G; Newbery, David

    license issue fee and an initial registration tax, varying according to the vehicle’s engine power and technology. Cars are also subject to an annual transport due, also varying according to engine power. Stamp duties are levied on a large number... preferences, while improvements in vertical redistribution can be achieved, albeit at the cost of increased horizontal inequity. Keywords: distributional effect of taxes, horizontal inequality, vertical redistribution, indirect tax reform, Greece JEL...

  3. Proving and Disproving Information Inequalities Siu-Wai Ho, Chee Wei Tan, and Raymond W. Yeung

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tan, Chee Wei

    --Proving an information inequality is a crucial step in establishing the converse results in coding theorems. However of the following two inequalities: I(A; B|CD) + I(B; D|AC) I(A; B|D) + I(B; D|A) + H(A) + I(B; D|C) (1) and I(A; B|CD. Yeung is with the Institute of Network Coding and the Department of Information Engineering, The Chinese

  4. Process of welding gamma prime-strengthened nickel-base superalloys

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Speigel, Lyle B.; White, Raymond Alan; Murphy, John Thomas; Nowak, Daniel Anthony

    2003-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

    A process for welding superalloys, and particularly articles formed of gamma prime-strengthened nickel-base superalloys whose chemistries and/or microstructures differ. The process entails forming the faying surface of at least one of the articles to have a cladding layer of a filler material. The filler material may have a composition that is different from both of the articles, or the same as one of the articles. The cladding layer is machined to promote mating of the faying surfaces, after which the faying surfaces are mated and the articles welded together. After cooling, the welded assembly is free of thermally-induced cracks.

  5. Strengthening behavior of chopped multi-walled carbon nanotube reinforced aluminum matrix composites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shin, S.E.; Bae, D.H., E-mail: donghyun@yonsei.ac.kr

    2013-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Strengthening behavior of the aluminum composites reinforced with chopped multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) or aluminum carbide formed during annealing at 500 °C has been investigated. The composites were fabricated by hot-rolling the powders which were ball-milled under various conditions. During the early annealing process, aluminum atoms can cluster inside the tube due to the diffusional flow of aluminum atoms into the tube, providing an increase of the strength of the composite. Further annealing induces the formation of the aluminum carbide phase, leading to an overall drop in the strength of the composites. While the strength of the composites can be evaluated according to the rule of mixture, a particle spacing effect can be additionally imparted on the strength of the composites reinforced with the chopped MWCNTs or the corresponding carbides since the reinforcing agents are smaller than the submicron matrix grains. - Highlights: • Strengthening behavior of chopped CNT reinforced Al-based composites is investigated. • Chopped CNTs have influenced the strength and microstructures of the composites. • Chopped CNTs are created under Ar- 3% H2 atmosphere during mechanical milling. • Strength can be evaluated by the rule of the mixture and a particle spacing effect.

  6. New data strengthen the connection between Short Range Correlations and the EMC effect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O. Hen; E. Piasetzky; L. B. Weinstein

    2012-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Recently published measurements of the two nucleon short range correlation ($NN$-SRC) scaling factors, $a_2(A/d)$, strengthen the previously observed correlation between the magnitude of the EMC effect measured in electron deep inelastic scattering at $0.35\\le x_B\\le 0.7$ and the SRC scaling factor measured at $x_B \\ge 1$. The new results have improved precision and include previously unmeasured nuclei. The measurements of $a_2(A/d)$ for $^9$Be and $^{197}$Au agree with published predictions based on the EMC-SRC correlation. This paper examines the effects of the new data and of different corrections to the data on the slope and quality of the EMC-SRC correlation, the size of the extracted deuteron IMC effect, and the free neutron structure function. The results show that the linear EMC-SRC correlation is robust and that the slope of the correlation is insensitive to most combinations of corrections examined in this work. This strengthens the interpretation that both $NN$-SRC and the EMC effect are related to high momentum nucleons in the nucleus.

  7. Global Inequality in Energy Consumption from 1980 to 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lawrence, Scott; Yakovenko, Victor M

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the global probability distribution of energy consumption per capita around the world using data from the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) for 1980-2010. We find that the Lorenz curves have moved up during this time period, and the Gini coefficient G has decreased from 0.66 in 1980 to 0.55 in 2010, indicating a decrease in inequality. The global probability distribution of energy consumption per capita in 2010 is close to the exponential distribution with G=0.5. We attribute this result to the globalization of the world economy, which mixes the world and brings it closer to the state of maximal entropy. We argue that global energy production is a limited resource that is partitioned among the world population. The most probable partition is the one that maximizes entropy, thus resulting in the exponential distribution function. A consequence of the latter is the law of 1/3: the top 1/3 of the world population consumes 2/3 of produced energy. We also find similar results for the global pro...

  8. Friction Stir Welding Of Ma957 Oxide Dispersion Strengthened Ferritic Steel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Howard, Stanley M.; Jasthi, Bharat K.; Arbegast, William J.; Grant, Glenn J.; Koduri, Santhosh K.; Herling, Darrell R.; Gelles, David S.

    2005-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

    A 1-in. (25.4 mm) diameter yttria-dispersion-strengthened MA957 ferritic steel alloy tube with a 0.125" (3.18 mm) wall thickness was successfully plasticized by friction stir welding. The pin tool was a W-Re tool with 0.125" (3.17 mm) diameter tip. It showed no discernable wear for the total 12" (305 mm) of weld. Weld conditions were 1000 and 1400 RPM, 4 in/min (101 mm/min), with and without preheating to 135ºC. Metallographic analysis of the post friction-stir welded material showed a decrease in material hardness to 225±22 HV compared to the parent material at 373±21 HV. All weld conditions produced plasticization; however, improved plasticization was observed for preheated samples

  9. CERDI, Etudes et Documents, E 2011.08 C E N T R E D 'E T U D E S

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    between health inequalities, air pollution and political institutions. In health economics literature. This paper extends this literature by investigating how air pollution could explain health inequalities both between air pollution and income related health inequality. Furthermore, in democratic countries

  10. inequality path inequality path

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Skogestad, Sigurd

    F #12; ¡ ¡ ¨ £ ¢ ¥¢ ¡ ¡¢ ¡ £ £ ¤ ¢ © ¤ ¥ ¦¨§ ¢ ¤ © £ ¢ ¡ ¤ ¡ ¤ ¢ © ¢ ¤ ¤ £ ¤ ¢ ¡ ¦ S-PVC; ¡¢ ¦ £¤ ¦ ¤ ¤ ¡ ¢ ¤ ¢ © ¡ ¢ ¦ ¡ ¢ ¥ © § ¢ £¤ © ¡ ¡¢ ¡ £ §¨ ¨ $ S-PVC suspension F TC Theat 90C 50C o o (ii) (i) Fsteam cw §¨ ¨ $ $ S-PVC suspension TC T 50C o susp F Fcw steam §¨ ¨ $ $ $ S-PVC suspension TC T 50C o susp z=0 Fsteam Fcw #12

  11. 1426 J. Opt. Soc. Am. B/Vol. 4, No. 9/September 1987 Bell's inequalities for Rydberg atoms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stroud Jr., Carlos R.

    1426 J. Opt. Soc. Am. B/Vol. 4, No. 9/September 1987 Bell's inequalities for Rydberg atoms Brian J February 13, 1987; accepted May 7, 1987 The analogy between two-level atoms and spins is used to show that Rydberg atoms provide a new medium through whichBell's inequalities may be studied. The low

  12. Long Term Dynamics of Inequalities between French Households concerning Automobile COLLET, Roger; BOUCQ, Elise; MADRE, Jean-Loup; HIVERT, Laurent.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Long Term Dynamics of Inequalities between French Households concerning Automobile COLLET, Roger TERM DYNAMICS OF INEQUALITIES BETWEEN FRENCH HOUSEHOLDS CONCERNING AUTOMOBILE Roger Collet, INRETS of automobile. As the curves representing car ownership (number of cars per adult) and car use (annual mileage

  13. Research Summary A review of urban health, health inequalities and the role of urban forestry in Britain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    with nature.' (Marmot Review: Fair society, healthy lives, 2010). #12;Research Summary Social and Economic infrastructure for urban healthy living and encouraging physical activity for recreation and travel. The review pollution. Search terms used included health inequality terms and environmental terms: m Health inequality

  14. Bell's inequality and extremal nonlocal box from Hardy's test for nonlocality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sixia Yu

    2014-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Bell showed 50 years ago that quantum theory is nonlocal via his celebrated inequalities, turning the issue of quantum nonlocality from a matter of taste into a matter of test. Years later, Hardy proposed a test for nonlocality without inequality, which is a kind of "something-versus-nothing" argument. Hardy's test for $n$ particles induces an $n$-partite Bell's inequality with two dichotomic local measurements for each observer, which has been shown to be violated by all entangled pure states. Our first result is to show that the Bell-Hardy inequality arising form Hardy's nonlocality test is tight for an arbitrary number of parties, i.e., it defines a facet of the Bell polytope in the given scenario. On the other hand quantum theory is not that nonlocal since it forbids signaling and even not as nonlocal as allowed by non-signaling conditions, i.e., quantum mechanical predictions form a strict subset of the so called non-signaling polytope. In the scenario of each observer measuring two dichotomic observables, Fritz established a duality between the Bell polytope and the non-signaling polytope: tight Bell's inequalities, the facets of the Bell polytope, are in a one-to-one correspondence with extremal non-signaling boxes, the vertices of the non-signaling polytope. Our second result is to provide an alternative and more direct formula for this duality. As an example, the tight Bell-Hardy inequality gives rise to an extremal non-signaling box that serves as a natural multipartite generalization of Popescu-Rohrlich box.

  15. Microstructure and Strengthening Mechanisms in an Ultrafine Grained Al-Mg-Sc Alloy Produced by Powder Metallurgy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tammy J. Harrell; Troy D. Topping; Haiming Wen; Tao Hu; JULIE M. SCHOENUNG; ENRIQUE J. LAVERNIA

    2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Additions of Sc to an Al-Mg matrix were investigated, paying particular attention to the influence of Al3Sc precipitates and other dispersoids, as well as grain size, on mechanical behavior. Prior studies have shown that Sc significantly increases the strength of coarse-grained Al-Mg alloys. Prompted by these findings, we hypothesized that it would be of fundamental and technological interest to study the behavior of Sc additions to an ultrafine-grained (UFG) microstructure (e.g., 100’s nm). Accordingly, we investigated the microstructural evolution and mechanical behavior of a cryomilled ultrafine grained Al-5Mg-0.4Sc (wt pct) and compared the results to those of an equivalent fine-grained material (FG) produced by powder metallurgy. Experimental materials were consolidated by hot isostatic pressing (HIP’ing) followed by extrusion or dual mode dynamic forging. Under identical processing conditions, UFG materials generate large Al3Sc precipitates with an average diameter of 154 nm and spaced approximately 1 to 3 µm apart, while precipitates in the FG materials have a diameter of 24 nm and are spaced 50 to 200 nm apart. The strengthening mechanisms are calculated for all materials and it is determined that the greatest strengthening contributions for the UFG and FG materials are Mg-O/N dispersion strengthening and precipitate strengthening, respectively.

  16. Fatigue Life of Damaged Bridge Deck Panels Strengthened With Carbon Fiber Hongseob Oh, Jongsung Sim, and Christian Meyer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyer, Christian

    1 Fatigue Life of Damaged Bridge Deck Panels Strengthened With Carbon Fiber Sheets Hongseob Oh was applied to test panels, which were then reinforced with carbon fiber sheets (CFS) using two different for bridge decks, based on cumulative damage theory. Keywords: bridge deck slab, carbon fiber sheets, fatigue

  17. Sports`n Science (SnS) strengthens the connection between sports and science at the University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tipple, Brett

    MISSION Sports`n Science (SnS) strengthens the connection between sports and science at the University of Utah and within the broader community. The program promotes science education and illustrates components: Public awareness campaign Program website Informal science education Formal science education

  18. China to strengthen joint research in fusion power www.chinaview.cn 2005-02-06 23:29:49

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    China to strengthen joint research in fusion power www.chinaview.cn 2005-02-06 23:29:49 BEIJING cooperation in research on fusion power plants, one of China's top science and technology decision makers said of Sciences (CAS), said fusion power plants will be final result of today's studies of plasma physics. China

  19. Probing the Leggett-Garg Inequality for Oscillating Neutral Kaons and Neutrinos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. Gangopadhyay; D. Home; A. Sinha Roy

    2013-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

    The Leggett-Garg inequality (LGI) as a temporal analogue of Bell's inequality, derived using the notion of realism, is applied in a hitherto unexplored context involving the weak interaction induced two-state oscillations of decaying neutral kaons and neutrinos. The maximum violation of LGI obtained from the quantum mechanical results is significantly higher for the oscillating neutrinos compared to that for the kaons. Interestingly, the effect of CP non-invariance for the kaon oscillation is to enhance this violation while, for neutrinos, it is sensitive to the value of the mixing parameter.

  20. Tomographic test of Bell's inequality for a time-delocalized single photon

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    D'Angelo, Milena [LENS, Via Nello Carrara 1, 50019 Sesto Fiorentino, Florence (Italy); Zavatta, Alessandro [Istituto Nazionale di Ottica Applicata, Largo E. Fermi, 6, I-50125, Florence (Italy); Parigi, Valentina [LENS, Via Nello Carrara 1, 50019 Sesto Fiorentino, Florence (Italy); Department of Physics, University of Florence, I-50019 Sesto Fiorentino, Florence (Italy); Bellini, Marco [LENS, Via Nello Carrara 1, 50019 Sesto Fiorentino, Florence (Italy); Istituto Nazionale di Ottica Applicata, Largo E. Fermi, 6, I-50125, Florence (Italy)

    2006-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Time-domain balanced homodyne detection is performed on two well-separated temporal modes sharing a single photon. The reconstructed density matrix of the two-mode system is used to prove and quantify its entangled nature, while the Wigner function is employed for an innovative tomographic test of Bell's inequality based on the theoretical proposal by Banaszek and Wodkiewicz [Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2009 (1999)]. Provided some auxiliary assumptions are made, a clear violation of the Banaszek-Bell inequality is found.

  1. Towards loophole-free Bell inequality test with preselected unsymmetrical singlet states of light

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Stobi?ska; F. Töppel; P. Sekatski; A. Buraczewski

    2014-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Can a Bell test with no detection loophole be demonstrated for multi-photon entangled states of light within the current technology? We examine the possibility of a postselection-free CHSH-Bell inequality test wih an unsymmetrical polarization singlet. To that end we employ a preselection procedure which is performed prior to the test. It allows using imperfect (coarse-grained) binary photodetection in the test. We show an example of preselection scheme which improves violation of the CHSH inequality with the micro-macro polarization singlet produced by the optimal quantum cloning. The preselection is realized by a quantum filter which is believed to be not useful for this purpose.

  2. DAWOOD, MINA MAGDY RIAD. Fundamental Behavior of Steel-Concrete Composite Beams Strengthened with High Modulus Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer (CFRP)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -CONCRETE COMPOSITE BEAMS STRENGTHENED WITH HIGH MODULUS CARBON FIBER REINFORCED POLYMER (CFRP) MATERIALS by MINA Strengthened with High Modulus Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer (CFRP) Materials. (Under the direction of Dr to kindly acknowledge the generous financial support and donation of the carbon fiber materials provided

  3. lASE 9-6-07_Schnerch 4/12/06 5:09 pm Page 805 Bond Behavior of CFRP Strengthened Steel Structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    + lASE 9-6-07_Schnerch 4/12/06 5:09 pm Page 805 Bond Behavior of CFRP Strengthened Steel Structures and strengthening of steel structures and bridges using fiber reinforced polymer (FRP) materials. The bond behavior of FRP materials to steel structures is quite different from lhat of concrete structures. Preliminary

  4. R and D of Oxide Dispersion Strengthening Steels for High Burn-up Fuel Claddings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kimura, A.; Cho, H.S.; Lee, J.S.; Kasada, R. [Institute of Advanced Energy, Kyoto University, Gokasho, Uji, Kyoto 611-0011 (Japan); Ukai, S. [Japan Nuclear Cycle Development Institute, Tokai (Japan); Fujiwara, M. [Kobelco, Ltd, Takatsukadai, Nishi-ku, Kobe (Japan)

    2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Research and development of fuel clad materials for high burn-up operation of light water reactor and super critical water reactor (SCPWR) will be shown with focusing on the effort to overcome the requirements of material performance as the fuel clad. Oxide dispersion strengthening (ODS) steels are well known as a high temperature structural material. Recent irradiation experiments indicated that the steels were quite highly resistant to neutron irradiation embrittlement, showing hardening without accompanying loss of ductility. High Cr ODS steels whose chromium concentration was in the range from 15 to 19 wt% showed high resistance to corrosion in supercritical pressurized water (SCPW). As for the susceptibility to hydrogen embrittlement of ODS steels, the critical hydrogen concentration required to hydrogen embrittlement is ranging 10{approx}12 wppm that is approximately one order of magnitude higher value than that of 9Cr reduced activation ferritic (RAF) steel. In the ODS steels, the fraction of helium desorption by bubble migration mechanism was smaller than that in the RAF steel, indicating that the ODS steels are also resistant to helium He bubble-induced embrittlement. Finally, it is demonstrated that the ODS steels are very promising for the fuel clad material for high burn-up operation of water-cooling reactors. (authors)

  5. New data strengthen the connection between Short Range Correlations and the EMC effect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hen, O; Weinstein, L B

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recently published measurements of the two nucleon short range correlation ($NN$-SRC) scaling factors, $a_2(A/d)$, strengthen the previously observed correlation between the magnitude of the EMC effect measured in electron deep inelastic scattering at $0.35\\le x_B\\le 0.7$ and the SRC scaling factor measured at $x_B \\ge 1$. The new results have improved precision and include previously unmeasured nuclei. The measurements of $a_2(A/d)$ for $^9$Be and $^{197}$Au agree with published predictions based on the EMC-SRC correlation. This paper examines the effects of the new data and of different corrections to the data on the slope and quality of the EMC-SRC correlation, the size of the extracted deuteron IMC effect, and the free neutron structure function. The results show that the linear EMC-SRC correlation is robust and that the slope of the correlation is insensitive to most combinations of corrections examined in this work. The inclusion of new nuclei shows that while neither the EMC effect nor the SRC scaling ...

  6. NEW AND GROWING INEQUALITIES: A CHALLENGE FOR THE SOCIAL, ECONOMIC AND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    the question of NTU serves to make more explicit and operational the managerial concern with the effectiveness and effects in terms of non-take-up 1. Socio-economic criteria 2. Behavioural criteria III. Institutional the reasons for no demand. IV. Discussion: How to combat NTU to reduce social inequalities in Europe

  7. A FINITE ELEMENT APPROXIMATION OF A VARIATIONAL INEQUALITY FORMULATION OF BEAN'S MODEL FOR SUPERCONDUCTIVITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Styles, Vanessa

    FOR SUPERCONDUCTIVITY C.M. ELLIOTT, D. KAY #3; AND V.STYLES y CENTRE FOR MATHEMATICAL ANALYSIS AND ITS APPLICATIONS long cylindrical superconductor subject to a transverse magnetic #12;eld. We prove an error between of an evolutionary variational inequality arising from a critical state model for a type-II superconductor

  8. Geodesic diameter of sets defined by few quadratic equations and inequalities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Geodesic diameter of sets defined by few quadratic equations and inequalities Michel Coste and Seydou Moussa September 2, 2010 Abstract We prove a bound for the geodesic diameter of a subset borrowed from D'Acunto and Kurdyka (to deal with the geodesic diameter) and from Barvinok (to take

  9. CSC310 Information Theory Sam Roweis Proving the Kraft-McMillan Inequalities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roweis, Sam

    CSC310 ­ Information Theory Sam Roweis Lecture 3: Proving the Kraft-McMillan Inequalities September) Modeling. We have to represent the stochastic behaviour of the source and the channel using probabilistic. Review: Mathematical Setup 3 · A stochastic source emits a sequence of symbols (from alphabet A) X = X1

  10. WORKING PAPER N 2008 -06 Trade, technology adoption and wage inequalities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    . Keywords: Firm heterogeneity, trade reforms, technology adoption, skill premium, plant panel data. JELWORKING PAPER N° 2008 - 06 Trade, technology adoption and wage inequalities: theory and evidence Maria Bas JEL Codes: F10, F12, F41 Keywords: firm heterogeneity, trade reforms, technology adoption

  11. EPR Paradox and Bell Inequalities 24.1 Bohm Version of the EPR Paradox

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Griffiths, Robert B.

    Chapter 24 EPR Paradox and Bell Inequalities 24.1 Bohm Version of the EPR Paradox Einstein, Podolsky, and Rosen (EPR) were concerned with the following issue. Given two spatially separated quantum properties of B represented by noncommuting projectors can be measured indirectly in this manner, and EPR

  12. The Ford-Pfenning Quantum Inequalities(QI) Analysis applied to the Natario Warp Drive Spacetime.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    The Ford-Pfenning Quantum Inequalities(QI) Analysis applied to the Natario Warp Drive Spacetime. Fernando Loup Residencia de Estudantes Universitas Lisboa Portugal October 15, 2012 Abstract Warp Drives Relativity. There are at the present moment two known solutions: The Alcubierre warp drive discovered in 1994

  13. Poincaré and logarithmic Sobolev inequalities by decomposition of the energy landscape

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Georg Menz; André Schlichting

    2014-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider a diffusion on a potential landscape which is given by a smooth Hamiltonian $H:\\mathbb {R}^n\\to \\mathbb {R}$ in the regime of low temperature $\\varepsilon$. We proof the Eyring-Kramers formula for the optimal constant in the Poincar\\'{e} (PI) and logarithmic Sobolev inequality (LSI) for the associated generator $L=\\varepsilon \\Delta -\

  14. The Communications Revolution and Health Inequalities in the 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Illinois at Chicago, University of

    The Communications Revolution and Health Inequalities in the 21st Century: Promises and Pitfalls and industrial sensors, video, email and social network communications. For example, if you buy a used car, your://www.pewinternet.org/~/media//Files/Reports/2013/PIP_TeensandTechnology2013.pdf #12;What do we mean by communications revolution? Two dimensions

  15. The Importance of the Entropy Inequality on Numerical Simulations Using Reduced Methane-air Reaction Mechanisms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Nathan

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    mechanisms is to reduce the computational time needed to simulate a problem. The focus of this work is on the validity of reduced methane-air combustion mechanisms, particularly pertaining to satisfying the entropy inequality. While much of this work involves...

  16. Refined Asymptotics for the subcritical Keller-Segel system and Related Functional Inequalities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Refined Asymptotics for the subcritical Keller-Segel system and Related Functional Inequalities self-similarity for the subcritical Keller- Segel system in the radially symmetric two-dimensional case that the one-dimensional equation is a contraction with respect to Fourier distance in the subcritical case. 1

  17. A general resonance theory based on Mourre's inequality Laura Cattaneo(a)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for the interval , a positive constant and K a compact operator. A is a self-adjoint operator which needs is described by the self-adjoint Hamiltonian H on the Hilbert space H. Mourre's operator inequality holds to be defined in relation to H 1 #12;(if possible) for any concrete application, see [7], Ch. 4 for examples

  18. Minkovskii-type inequality for arbitrary density matrix of composite and noncomposite systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. N. Chernega; O. V. Manko; V. I. Manko

    2014-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

    New kind of matrix inequality known for bipartite system density matrix is obtained for arbitrary density matrix of composite or noncomposite qudit systems including the single qudit state. The examples of two qubit system and qudit with j=3/2 are discussed.

  19. hal-00166707,version2-23Aug2007 Lieb-Thirring inequalities with improved constants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    obtain the following result: Theorem 2. For any 1 and any dimension d 1, the negative eigen- values) For a real-valued potential V we consider Lieb-Thirring inequalities for the negative eigenvalues {n article is to extend the method from [3] to a class of matrix-valued potentials. By using ideas from [6

  20. Fatigue and Creep-Fatigue Deformation of an Ultra-Fine Precipitate Strengthened Advanced Austenitic Alloy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    M.C. Carroll; L.J. Carroll

    2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An advanced austenitic alloy, HT-UPS (high-temperature ultrafine-precipitation-strengthened), has been identified as an ideal candidate material for the structural components of fast reactors and energy-conversion systems. HT-UPS alloys demonstrate improved creep resistance relative to 316 stainless steel (SS) through additions of Ti and Nb, which precipitate to form a widespread dispersion of stable nanoscale metallic carbide (MC) particles in the austenitic matrix. The low-cycle fatigue and creep-fatigue behavior of an HT-UPS alloy have been investigated at 650 °C and a 1.0% total strain, with an R-ratio of -1 and hold times at peak tensile strain as long as 150 min. The cyclic deformation response of HT-UPS is directly compared to that of standard 316 SS. The measured values for total cycles to failure are similar, despite differences in peak stress profiles and in qualitative observations of the deformed microstructures. Crack propagation is primarily transgranular in fatigue and creep-fatigue of both alloys at the investigated conditions. Internal grain boundary damage in the form of fine cracks resulting from the tensile hold is present for hold times of 60 min and longer, and substantially more internal cracks are quantifiable in 316 SS than in HT-UPS. The dislocation substructures observed in the deformed material differ significantly; an equiaxed cellular structure is observed in 316 SS, whereas in HT-UPS the microstructure takes the form of widespread and relatively homogenous tangles of dislocations pinned by the nanoscale MC precipitates. The significant effect of the fine distribution of precipitates on observed fatigue and creep-fatigue response is described in three distinct behavioral regions as it evolves with continued cycling.

  1. History of Resistance Welding Oxide Dispersion Strengthened Cladding and other High Temperature Materials at Center for Advanced Energy Studies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Larry Zirker; Nathan Jerred; Dr. Indrajit Charit; James Cole

    2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Research proposal 08-1079, 'A Comparative Study of Welded ODS Cladding Materials for AFCI/GNEP,' was funded in 2008 under an Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative (AFCI) Research and Development Funding Opportunity, number DE-PS07-08ID14906. Th proposal sought to conduct research on joining oxide dispersion strengthen (ODS) tubing material to a solid end plug. This document summarizes the scientific and technical progress achieved during the project, which ran from 2008 to 2011.

  2. Democratization of the Afterlife

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Mark

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Osiris of so-and-so, just as royalty had been earlier (see,formerly restricted to royalty— acquisition of an Osirianwas it accessible to non-royalty as well as royalty? Recent

  3. Democratized From innovation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Douglas R.

    World From passive to sentient objects Intentional Bio From life through evolution to life through design Extended Self From contained to extended bodies, minds, and senses Mathematical World From pervasive smart dust clean water for all simulation = reality solar is real desktop manufacturing nuclear

  4. Final Technical Report - High-Performance, Oxide-Dispersion-Strengthened Tubes for Production of Ethylene adn Other Industrial Chemicals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McKimpson, Marvin G.

    2006-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

    This project was undertaken by Michigan Technological University and Special Metals Corporation to develop creep-resistant, coking-resistant oxide-dispersion-strengthened (ODS) tubes for use in industrial-scale ethylene pyrolysis and steam methane reforming operations. Ethylene pyrolysis tubes are exposed to some of the most severe service conditions for metallic materials found anywhere in the chemical process industries, including elevated temperatures, oxidizing atmospheres and high carbon potentials. During service, hard deposits of carbon (coke) build up on the inner wall of the tube, reducing heat transfer and restricting the flow of the hydrocarbon feedstocks. About every 20 to 60 days, the reactor must be taken off-line and decoked by burning out the accumulated carbon. This decoking costs on the order of $9 million per year per ethylene plant, accelerates tube degradation, and requires that tubes be replaced about every 5 years. The technology developed under this program seeks to reduce the energy and economic cost of coking by creating novel bimetallic tubes offering a combination of improved coking resistance, creep resistance and fabricability not available in current single-alloy tubes. The inner core of this tube consists of Incoloy(R) MA956, a commercial ferritic Fe-Cr-Al alloy offering a 50% reduction in coke buildup combined with improved carburization resistance. The outer sheath consists of a new material - oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) Alloy 803(R) developed under the program. This new alloy retains the good fireside environmental resistance of Alloy 803, a commercial wrought alloy currently used for ethylene production, and provides an austenitic casing to alleviate the inherently-limited fabricability of the ferritic Incoloy(R) MA956 core. To provide mechanical compatibility between the two alloys and maximize creep resistance of the bimetallic tube, both the inner Incoloy(R) MA956 and the outer ODS Alloy 803 are oxide dispersion strengthened materials produced using mechanical alloying technology. To minimize cost, the bimetallic tube is produced by direct powder co-extrusion. This technology has potential for domestic energy savings of up to 4.1 trillion BTU/year (4.3 x 1015J/year) and a reduction of 370,000 tons (340,000 tonnes) of CO2 emissions in short-residence-time ethylene furnaces. This represents an energy savings and CO2 emissions reduction of about 3.3%. If the technology is also applied to other types of ethylene pyrolysis furnaces, total energy savings and CO2 emissions reductions could increase by up to five times. The work involved: Developing powder and consolidation processing protocols to produce an oxide-dispersion strengthened variant of Alloy 803 exhibiting creep strength comparable to Incoloy? Alloy MA956, Developing a direct powder co-extrusion protocol for fabricating co-extruded bimetallic Incoloy? Alloy MA956 / ODS Alloy 803 tubes, Characterizing the properties of the ODS Alloy 803 material, the welding characteristics of the bimetallic tubes, and the coking characteristics of the Incoloy? MA956 alloy, and Documenting the potential energy savings and user requirements for these bimetallic pyrolysis furnace tubes. The project demonstrated that oxide dispersion strengthened Alloy 803 can be produced successfully using conventional mechanical alloying technology. The oxide dispersion strengthened bimetallic radiant coil technology explored under this program has significant potential for energy savings and productivity improvements for domestic ethylene producers. In today's competitive market, however, domestic furnace manufacturers and ethylene producers appear reluctant to pay any cost premium for higher-performance coil materials offering either higher temperature capabilities or longer service life. Interest in oxide dispersion strengthened radiant coils is likely to increase if furnace and ethylene producers begin to focus more on increasing tube wall temperatures to improve productivity.

  5. Fabrication technological development of the oxide dispersion strengthened alloy MA957 for fast reactor applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    ML Hamilton; DS Gelles; RJ Lobsinger; GD Johnson; WF Brown; MM Paxton; RJ Puigh; CR Eiholzer; C Martinez; MA Blotter

    2000-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

    A significant amount of effort has been devoted to determining the properties and understanding the behavior of the alloy MA957 to define its potential usefulness as a cladding material, in the fast breeder reactor program. The numerous characterization and fabrication studies that were conducted are documented in this report. The alloy is a ferritic stainless steel developed by International Nickel Company specifically for structural reactor applications. It is strengthened by a very fine, uniformly distributed yttria dispersoid. Its fabrication involves a mechanical alloying process and subsequent extrusion, which ultimately results in a highly elongated grain structure. While the presence of the dispersoid produces a material with excellent strength, the body centered cubic structure inherent to the material coupled with the high aspect ratio that results from processing operations produces some difficulties with ductility. The alloy is very sensitive to variations in a number of processing parameters, and if the high strength is once lost during fabrication, it cannot be recovered. The microstructural evolution of the alloy under irradiation falls into two regimes. Below about 550 C, dislocation development, {alpha}{prime} precipitation and void evolution in the matrix are observed, while above about 550 C damage appears to be restricted to cavity formation within oxide particles. The thermal expansion of the alloy is very similar to that of HT9 up to the temperature where HT9 undergoes a phase transition to austenitic. Pulse magnetic welding of end caps onto MA957 tubing can be accomplished in a manner similar to that in which it is performed on HT9, although the welding parameters appear to be very sensitive to variations in the tubing that result from small changes in fabrication conditions. The tensile and stress rupture behavior of the alloy are acceptable in the unirradiated condition, being comparable to HT9 below about 700 C and exceeding those of HT9 at higher temperatures. Neither tensile nor rupture strength appear to be degraded by irradiation to fast fluencies on the order of 8 x 10{sup 22} n/cm{sup 2} in the range of 370--760 C, although some loss of ductility has been observed. The impact resistance of the alloy is very poor in the unirradiated condition, and is significantly degraded by irradiation.

  6. Monogamy inequality in terms of negativity for three-qubit states

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ou, Y.-C.; Fan Heng [Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100080 (China)

    2007-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose an entanglement measure to quantify three-qubit entanglement in terms of negativity. A monogamy inequality analogous to the Coffman-Kundu-Wootters inequality is established. This consequently leads to a definition of residual entanglement, which is referred to as the three-{pi} in order to distinguish it from the three-tangle. The three-{pi} is proved to be a natural entanglement measure. By contrast to the three-tangle, it is shown that the three-{pi} always gives greater than zero values for pure states belonging to the W and Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger classes, implying that three-way entanglement always exists for them; the three-tangle generally underestimates the three-way entanglement of a given system. This investigation will offer an alternative tool to understand genuine multipartite entanglement.

  7. Universality of State-Independent Violation of Correlation Inequalities for Noncontextual Theories

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Badziag, Piotr; Bengtsson, Ingemar [Department of Physics, Stockholm University, S-10691, Stockholm (Sweden); Cabello, Adan [Departamento de Fisica Aplicada II, Universidad de Sevilla, E-41012 Sevilla (Spain); Pitowsky, Itamar [Department of Philosophy, The Hebrew University, Mount Scopus, Jerusalem 91905 (Israel)

    2009-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

    We show that the state-independent violation of inequalities for noncontextual hidden variable theories introduced in [Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 210401 (2008)] is universal, i.e., occurs for any quantum mechanical system in which noncontextuality is meaningful. We describe a method to obtain state-independent violations for any system of dimension d>=3. This universality proves that, according to quantum mechanics, there are no 'classical' states.

  8. Bell's inequality for a single spin 1/2 particle and quantum contextuality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sayandeb Basu; Somshubhro Bandyopadhyay; Guruprasad Kar; Dipankar Home

    2001-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

    We argue that for a \\emph{single particle} Bell's inequality is a consequence of noncontextuality and is \\emph{incompatible} with statistical predictions of quantum mechanics. Thus noncontextual models can be empirically falsified, \\emph{independent} of locality condition. For this an appropriate entanglement between \\emph{disjoint} Hilbert spaces pertaining to translational and spin degrees of freedom of a single spin-1/2 particle is invoked

  9. Noncommuting local common causes for correlations violating the Clauser-Horne inequality

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hofer-Szabo, Gabor [Research Center for the Humanities, Budapest (Hungary); Vecsernyes, Peter [Wigner Research Centre for Physics, Budapest (Hungary)

    2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In the paper, the EPR-Bohm scenario will be reproduced in an algebraic quantum field theoretical setting with locally finite degrees of freedom. It will be shown that for a set of spatially separated correlating events (projections) maximally violating the Clauser-Horne inequality there can be given a common causal explanation if commutativity is abandoned between the common cause and the correlating events. Moreover, the noncommuting common cause will be local and supported in the common past of the correlating events.

  10. Lieb-Thirring inequalities with improved constants Jean Dolbeault, Ari Laptev, and Michael Loss

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laptev, Ari

    H(A) = (i + A)2 - V , where V 0 is a real-valued function. Denote the ratio of 2/3 3 and the semi and any dimension d 1, the negative eigen- values of the operator H(A) satisfy inequalities |n| Ld, Rd V be a Schr¨odinger operator in L2(Rd) H = - - V (1) For a real-valued potential V we consider Lieb

  11. Lieb-Thirring inequalities with improved constants Jean Dolbeault, Ari Laptev, and Michael Loss

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dolbeault, Jean

    H(A) = (i + A)2 - V , where V 0 is a real-valued function. Denote the ratio of 2/3 3 and the semi and any dimension d 1, the negative eigen- values of the operator H(A) satisfy the inequalities |n| Ld be a Schr¨odinger operator in L2(Rd) H = - - V (1) For a real-valued potential V we consider Lieb

  12. Impacts of generalized uncertainty principle on black hole thermodynamics and Salecker-Wigner inequalities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tawfik, A., E-mail: a.tawfik@eng.mti.edu.eg [Egyptian Center for Theoretical Physics (ECTP), MTI University, 11571 Cairo (Egypt)

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the impacts of Generalized Uncertainty Principle (GUP) proposed by some approaches to quantum gravity such as String Theory and Doubly Special Relativity on black hole thermodynamics and Salecker-Wigner inequalities. Utilizing Heisenberg uncertainty principle, the Hawking temperature, Bekenstein entropy, specific heat, emission rate and decay time are calculated. As the evaporation entirely eats up the black hole mass, the specific heat vanishes and the temperature approaches infinity with an infinite radiation rate. It is found that the GUP approach prevents the black hole from the entire evaporation. It implies the existence of remnants at which the specific heat vanishes. The same role is played by the Heisenberg uncertainty principle in constructing the hydrogen atom. We discuss how the linear GUP approach solves the entire-evaporation-problem. Furthermore, the black hole lifetime can be estimated using another approach; the Salecker-Wigner inequalities. Assuming that the quantum position uncertainty is limited to the minimum wavelength of measuring signal, Wigner second inequality can be obtained. If the spread of quantum clock is limited to some minimum value, then the modified black hole lifetime can be deduced. Based on linear GUP approach, the resulting lifetime difference depends on black hole relative mass and the difference between black hole mass with and without GUP is not negligible.

  13. Gas atomized precursor alloy powder for oxide dispersion strengthened ferritic stainless steel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rieken, Joel

    2011-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Gas atomization reaction synthesis (GARS) was employed as a simplified method for producing precursor powders for oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) ferritic stainless steels (e.g., Fe-Cr-Y-(Ti,Hf)-O), departing from the conventional mechanical alloying (MA) process. During GARS processing a reactive atomization gas (i.e., Ar-O{sub 2}) was used to oxidize the powder surfaces during primary break-up and rapid solidification of the molten alloy. This resulted in envelopment of the powders by an ultra-thin (t < 150 nm) metastable Cr-enriched oxide layer that was used as a vehicle for solid-state transport of O into the consolidated microstructure. In an attempt to better understand the kinetics of this GARS reaction, theoretical cooling curves for the atomized droplets were calculated and used to establish an oxidation model for this process. Subsequent elevated temperature heat treatments, which were derived from Rhines pack measurements using an internal oxidation model, were used to promote thermodynamically driven O exchange reactions between trapped films of the initial Cr-enriched surface oxide and internal Y-enriched intermetallic precipitates. This novel microstructural evolution process resulted in the successful formation of nano-metric Y-enriched dispersoids, as confirmed using high energy X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy (TEM), equivalent to conventional ODS alloys from MA powders. The thermal stability of these Y-enriched dispersoids was evaluated using high temperature (1200°C) annealing treatments ranging from 2.5 to 1,000 hrs of exposure. In a further departure from current ODS practice, replacing Ti with additions of Hf appeared to improve the Y-enriched dispersoid thermal stability by means of crystal structure modification. Additionally, the spatial distribution of the dispersoids was found to depend strongly on the original rapidly solidified microstructure. To exploit this, ODS microstructures were engineered from different powder particle size ranges, illustrating microstructural control as a function of particle solidification rate. The consolidation of ultra-fine powders (dia. ? 5?m) resulted in a significant reduction in dispersoid size and spacing, consistent with initial scanning electron microscopy studies on as-atomized cross-sectioned particles that suggested that these powders solidified above the threshold velocity to effectively solute trap Y within the ?-(Fe,Cr) matrix. Interestingly, when the solidification velocity as a function of particle size was extracted from the aforementioned theoretical particle cooling curves, it could be offered as supporting evidence for these microstructure observations. Thermal-mechanical treatments also were used to create and evaluate the stability of a dislocation substructure within these alloys, using microhardness and TEM analysis of the alloy sub-grain and grain structure. Moreover, elevated temperature tensile tests up to 800°C were used to assess the initial mechanical strength of the ODS microstructure.

  14. The Euler and Grace-Danielsson inequalities for nested triangles and tetrahedra: a derivation and generalisation using quantum information theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Antony Milne

    2014-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

    We derive several results in classical Euclidean elementary geometry using the steering ellipsoid formalism from quantum mechanics. This gives a physically motivated derivation of very non-trivial geometric results, some of which are entirely new. We consider a sphere of radius $r$ contained inside another sphere of radius $R$, with the sphere centres separated by distance $d$. When does there exist a nested tetrahedron circumscribed about the smaller sphere and inscribed in the larger? We derive the Grace-Danielsson inequality $d^2 \\leq (R+r)(R-3r)$ as the sole necessary and sufficient condition for the existence of a nested tetrahedron. Our method also gives the condition $d^2 \\leq R(R-2r)$ for the existence of a nested triangle in the analogous 2-dimensional scenario. These results imply the Euler inequality in 2 and 3 dimensions. Furthermore, we formulate a new inequality that applies to the more general case of ellipses and ellipsoids.

  15. Computing the maximum violation of a Bell inequality is NP-complete

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Batle; C. H. Raymond Ooi

    2015-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The number of steps required in order to maximize a Bell inequality for arbitrary number of qubits is shown to grow exponentially with either the number of steps and the number of parties involved. The proof that the optimization of such correlation measure is a NP-problem is based on an operational perspective involving a Turing machine, which follows a general algorithm. The implications for the computability of the so called {\\it nonlocality} for any number of qubits is similar to recent results involving entanglement or similar quantum correlation-based measures.

  16. Energy-time and frequency-time uncertainty relations: exact inequalities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. V. Dodonov; A. V. Dodonov

    2015-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

    We give a short review of known exact inequalities that can be interpreted as "energy-time" and "frequency-time" uncertainty relations. In particular we discuss a precise form of signals minimizing the physical frequency-time uncertainty product. Also, we calculate the "stationarity time" for mixed Gaussian states of a quantum harmonic oscillator, showing explicitly that pure quantum states are "more fragile" than mixed ones with the same value of the energy dispersion. The problems of quantum evolution speed limits, time operators and measurements of energy and time are briefly discussed, too.

  17. A quantum weak energy inequality for the Dirac field in two-dimensional flat spacetime

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. P. Dawson

    2005-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Fewster and Mistry have given an explicit, non-optimal quantum weak energy inequality that constrains the smeared energy density of Dirac fields in Minkowski spacetime. Here, their argument is adapted to the case of flat, two-dimensional spacetime. The non-optimal bound thereby obtained has the same order of magnitude, in the limit of zero mass, as the optimal bound of Vollick. In contrast with Vollick's bound, the bound presented here holds for all (non-negative) values of the field mass.

  18. Milnor-Wood inequalities for manifolds which are locally a product of surfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bucher, Michelle

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The classical Milnor-Wood inequalities for the Euler number of flat oriented vector bundles over surfaces are generalized for higher dimensional closed manifolds that admit a local structure of products of planes. These include products of surfaces as well as closed Hilbert-Blumenthal modular varieties. As a consequence, the Chern Conjecture is confirmed for such manifolds. For manifolds admitting a rigid locally symmetric structure, a complete classification is given for the flat vector bundles with nonzero Euler number. Some of the main results were announced in C.R. Acad. Sci. Paris, Ser. I 346 (2008) 661-666.

  19. Milnor-Wood inequalities for manifolds locally isometric to a product of hyperbolic planes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bucher, Michelle

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This note describes sharp Milnor--Wood inequalities for the Euler number of flat oriented vector bundles over closed Riemannian manifolds locally isometric to products of hyperbolic planes. One consequence is that such manifolds do not admit an affine structure, confirming Chern--Sullivan's conjecture in this case. The manifolds under consideration are of particular interest, since in contrary to many other locally symmetric spaces they do admit flat vector bundle of the corresponding dimension. When the manifold is irreducible and of higher rank, it is shown that flat oriented vector bundles are determined completely by the sign of the Euler number.

  20. A Simply Constrained Optimization Reformulation of KKT Systems Arising from Variational Inequalities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Facchinei, F. [Dipartimento di Informatica e Sistemistica, Universita di Roma 'La Sapienza', Via Buonarroti 12, I-00185 Roma (Italy)], E-mail: soler@dis.uniroma1.it; Fischer, A. [Department of Mathematics, University of Dortmund, 44221 Dortmund (Germany)], E-mail: fischer@math.uni-dortmund.de; Kanzow, C. [Institute of Applied Mathematics, University of Hamburg, Bundesstrasse 55, D-20146 Hamburg (Germany)], E-mail: kanzow@math.uni-hamburg.de; Peng, J.-M. [State Key Laboratory of Scientific and Engineering Computing, Academia Sinica, P.O. Box 2719, Beijing, 100080 (China)], E-mail: pjm@lsec.cc.ac.cn

    1999-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The Karush-Kuhn-Tucker (KKT) conditions can be regarded as optimality conditions for both variational inequalities and constrained optimization problems. In order to overcome some drawbacks of recently proposed reformulations of KKT systems, we propose casting KKT systems as a minimization problem with nonnegativity constraints on some of the variables. We prove that, under fairly mild assumptions, every stationary point of this constrained minimization problem is a solution of the KKT conditions. Based on this reformulation, a new algorithm for the solution of the KKT conditions is suggested and shown to have some strong global and local convergence properties.

  1. Proposal for a Loophole-Free Test of the Bell Inequalities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fry, Edward; Walther, T.; LI, S. F.

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    rotational state of the mercury dimers, and are not 1050-2947/95/52(6)/4381(15)/$06. 00 52 4381 1995 The American Physical Society 524382 AND SHIFANGTHOMMAS WALTHER,EDWARD S. FRY, r DissociatingDimer m Ionizing Laser . 1973nm l~)= X (-l '-" l 2 ( 0) 0... violation of this BCH inequality for a, b, a', and b' equal to 135', 0, 225', and 90, respectively, nuclear spin J=O. This can be achieved through spectro- scopically selective dissociation of the appropriate mercury dimers. 1. Hg2 spectroscopic data...

  2. Penrose inequalities and a positive mass theorem for charged black holes in higher dimension

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levi Lopes de Lima; Frederico Girão; Weslley Lozório; Juscelino Silva

    2014-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

    We use the inverse mean curvature flow to establish Penrose-type inequalities for time-symmetric Einstein-Maxwell initial data sets which can be suitably embedded as a hypersurface in Euclidean space $\\mathbb R^{n+1}$, $n\\geq 3$. In particular, we prove a positive mass theorem for this class of charged black holes. As an application we show that the conjectured upper bound for the area in terms of the mass and the charge, which in dimension $n=3$ is relevant in connection with the Cosmic Censorship Conjecture, always holds under the natural assumption that the horizon is stable as a minimal hypersurface.

  3. Bell inequality violation in the presence of vacancies and incomplete measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaila C. S. Hall; Daniel K. L. Oi

    2014-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

    The characterization of a quantum system can be complicated by non-ideal measurement processes. In many systems, the underlying physical measurement is only sensitive to a single fixed state, complementary outcomes are inferred by non-detection leaving them vulnerable to out-of-Hilbert space errors such as particle loss. It is still possible to directly verify the violation of a Bell inequality, hence witness entanglement of a bipartite state, in the presence of large vacancy rates using such an incomplete measurement by optimizing the measurement settings. The scheme is robust against imperfect a priori state knowledge and also moderate amounts of error in state determination.

  4. Entanglement formation and violation of Bell's inequality with a semiconductor single photon source

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David Fattal; Kyo Inoue; Jelena Vuckovic; Charles Santori; Glenn S. Solomon; Yoshihisa Yamamoto

    2003-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

    We report the generation of polarization-entangled photons, using a quantum dot single photon source, linear optics and photodetectors. Two photons created independently are observed to violate Bell's inequality. The density matrix describing the polarization state of the postselected photon pairs is also reconstructed, and agrees well with a simple model predicting the quality of entanglement from the known parameters of the single photon source. Our scheme provides a method to generate no more than one entangled photon pair per cycle, a feature useful to enhance quantum cryptography protocols using entangled photons.

  5. Irradiation Creep and Swelling from 400 C to 600 C of the Oxide Dispersion Strengthened Ferritic Alloy MA957

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Toloczko, Mychailo B.; Gelles, David S.; Garner, Francis A.; Kurtz, Richard J.; Abe, Katsunori

    2004-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Recently, there has been a growing interest in the use of oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) ferritic steels for fusion reactor applications. As part of an extensive study performed at PNNL on the ODS steel MA957 [1], irradiation creep tests were performed on pressurized tubes made from MA957 by two different methods. The tubes were made either by gun drilling alone or by a combination of rod drawing and gun drilling. The different fabrication methods were explored because ODS steels have been difficult to form. The pressurized tubes were irradiated in the Fast Flux Test Facility (FFTF) to doses ranging from 40 dpa to 110 dpa at temperatures ranging from 400 C to 600 C. The effective stresses resulting from the pressurization of the tubes ranged from 0 MPa to 175 MPa.

  6. Stability of nanoclusters in 14YWT oxide dispersion strengthened steel under heavy ion-irradiation by atom probe tomography

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jianchao He; Farong Wan; Kumar Sridharan; Todd R. Allen; A. Certain; V. Shutthanandan; Y.Q. Wu

    2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    14YWT oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) ferritic steel was irradiated with of 5 MeV Ni2+ ions, at 300 C, 450 C, and 600 C to a damage level of 100 dpa. The stability of Ti–Y–O nanoclusters was investigated by applying atom probe tomography (APT) in voltage mode, of the samples before and after irradiations. The average size and number density of the nanoclusters was determined using the maximum separation method. These techniques allowed for the imaging of nanoclusters to sizes well below the resolution limit of conventional transmission electron microscopy techniques. The most significant changes were observed for samples irradiated at 300 C where the size (average Guinier radius) and number density of nanoclusters were observed to decrease from 1.1 nm to 0.8 nm and 12 1023 to 3.6 1023, respectively. In this study, the nanoclusters are more stable at higher temperature.

  7. Stability Of Nanoclusters In 14YWT Oxide Dispersion Strengthened Steel Under Heavy Ion-irradiation By Atom Probe Tomography

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    He, Jianchao; Wan, F.; Sridharan, Kumar; Allen, Todd R.; Certain, Alicia G.; Shutthanandan, V.; Wu, Yaqiao

    2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    14YWT oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) ferritic steel was irradiated with of 5 MeV Ni2+ ions, at 300 °C, 450 °C, and 600 °C to a damage level of 100 dpa. The stability of Ti–Y–O nanoclusters was investigated by applying atom probe tomography (APT) in voltage mode, of the samples before and after irradiations. The average size and number density of the nanoclusters was determined using the maximum separation method. These techniques allowed for the imaging of nanoclusters to sizes well below the resolution limit of conventional transmission electron microscopy techniques. The most significant changes were observed for samples irradiated at 300 °C where the size (average Guinier radius) and number density of nanoclusters were observed to decrease from 1.1 nm to 0.8 nm and 12 × 1023 to 3.6 × 1023, respectively. In this study, the nanoclusters are more stable at higher temperature.

  8. The area-angular momentum inequality for black holes in cosmological spacetimes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clement, Maria Eugenia Gabach; Simon, Walter

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    For a stable marginally outer trapped surface (MOTS) in an axially symmetric spacetime with cosmological constant $\\Lambda > 0$ and with matter satisfying the dominant energy condition, we prove that the area $A$ and the angular momentum $J$ satisfy the inequality $8\\pi |J| \\le A\\sqrt{(1-\\Lambda A/4\\pi)(1-\\Lambda A/12\\pi)}$ which is saturated precisely for the extreme Kerr-deSitter family of metrics. This result entails a universal upper bound $|J| \\le J_{\\max} \\approx 0.17/\\Lambda$ for such MOTS, which is saturated for one particular extreme configuration. Our result sharpens the inequality $8\\pi |J| \\le A$, [7,14] and we follow the overall strategy of its proof in the sense that we estimate the area from below in terms of the energy corresponding to a "mass functional", which is basically a suitably regularised harmonic map $\\mathbb{S}^2 \\rightarrow \\mathbb{H}^2 $. However, in the cosmological case this mass functional acquires an additional potential term which itself depends on the area. To estimate the c...

  9. Robust test of Bell's inequality with amplified N00N states

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Falk Töppel; Magdalena Stobi?ska; Gerd Leuchs

    2014-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

    For more than 40 years physicists have been struggling to perform an indisputable test of Bell's inequality. Although our understanding of Bell's theorem and experimental techniques to test it have improved over the years, thus far all Bell tests have suffered at least from the detection or the locality loophole. Most optical Bell tests rely on inefficient discrete-outcome measurements, often provided by photon counting detection. One possible way to close the detection loophole in optical Bell tests is to involve efficient continuous-variable measurements instead, such as homodyne detection. Here, we propose a test of the Clauser-Horne-Shimony-Holt (CHSH) inequality that applies photon counting and homodyne detection on amplified two-photon N00N states. The scheme suggested is remarkably robust against experimental imperfections and suits the limits of current technology. Our work explores the opportunities and limits of macroscopic quantum states. It may constitute an alternative platform for a loophole-free Bell test, which is also important for quantum-technological applications.

  10. hal-00189827,version2-16Feb2008 EPR argument and Bell inequalities for Bose-Einstein spin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    hal-00189827,version2-16Feb2008 EPR argument and Bell inequalities for Bose-Einstein spin transposition of the EPR (Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen) argument to macroscopic physical quantities. The purpose, the celebrated Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen (EPR) argument [2]. Both have had an enormous influence in the discipline

  11. Ford-Pfenning Quantum Inequalities(QI) in the Natario Warp Drive Spacetime using the Planck Length Scale.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Ford-Pfenning Quantum Inequalities(QI) in the Natario Warp Drive Spacetime using the Planck Length Warp Drives are solutions of the Einstein Field Equations that allows superluminal travel within drive discovered in 1994 and the Natario warp drive discovered in 2001. However as stated by both

  12. STANFORD, KIRK ALAN. Strengthening of Steel Structures with High Modulus Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymers (CFRP) Materials: Bond and Development Length Study.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ABSTRACT STANFORD, KIRK ALAN. Strengthening of Steel Structures with High Modulus Carbon Fiber. The current research program proposed the use of a new high modulus carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP-up of carbon fiber sheets and the adhesives for bonding of pre-cured laminate strips. The bond behavior of FRP

  13. International Mobility Program for Young Researchers from India and Nepal In order to strengthen the relationship and cooperation with India and Nepal, and taking into

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schenato, Luca

    International Mobility Program for Young Researchers from India and Nepal In order to strengthen the relationship and cooperation with India and Nepal, and taking into account the successful research activities-border research collaboration with advanced research groups coming from India and Nepal. The program offers 4

  14. International Mobility Program for Young Researchers from India and Nepal In order to strengthen the relationship and cooperation with India and Nepal, and taking into

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cesare, Bernardo

    1 International Mobility Program for Young Researchers from India and Nepal In order to strengthen the relationship and cooperation with India and Nepal, and taking into account the successful research activities-border research collaboration with advanced research groups coming from India and Nepal. The program offers 8

  15. International Mobility Program for Young Researchers from India and Nepal In order to strengthen the relationship and cooperation with India and Nepal, and taking into account

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schenato, Luca

    International Mobility Program for Young Researchers from India and Nepal In order to strengthen the relationship and cooperation with India and Nepal, and taking into account the successful research activities-border research collaboration with advanced research groups coming from India and Nepal. The program offers 8

  16. Clean Energy Jobs at the Union of Concerned Scientists Do you want to protect and strengthen EPA's authority to regulate carbon from power

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bohnhoff, David

    Clean Energy Jobs at the Union of Concerned Scientists Do you want to protect and strengthen EPA states and nationally as a key pathway to reducing carbon emissions? The Energy team at the Union? Energy Research Associate (Cambridge, MA): Assist with research and analysis in support of a team

  17. Improvement of the polarized neutron interferometer setup demonstrating violation of a Bell-like inequality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hermann Geppert; Tobias Denkmayr; Stephan Sponar; Hartmut Lemmel; Yuji Hasegawa

    2014-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

    For precise measurements with polarized neutrons high efficient spin-manipulation is required. We developed several neutron optical elements suitable for a new sophisticated setup, i.e., DC spin-turners and Larmor-accelerators which diminish thermal disturbances and depolarisation considerably. The gain in performance is exploited demonstrating violation of a Bell-like inequality for a spin-path entangled single-neutron state. The obtained value of S=2.365(13), which is much higher than previous measurements by neutron interferometry, is 28 $\\sigma$ above the limit of S=2 predicted by contextual hidden variable theories. The new setup is more flexible referring to state preparation and analysis, therefore new, more precise measurements can be carried out.

  18. A Conclusive Experimentation Evidences that Mental States Follow Quantum Mechanics. Further Experimentation Indicates that in Mind States Bell Inequality Violation is Possible

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elio Conte; Andrei Yuri Khrennikov; Orlando Todarello; Antonio Federici; Joseph P. Zbilut

    2008-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

    In the first part of the paper we reach an experimental final confirmation that mental states follow quantum mechanics. In the second part further experimentation indicates that in mind states Bell inequality violation is possible.

  19. Isoperimetric inequalities for wave fronts and a generalization of Menzin's conjecture for bicycle monodromy on surfaces of constant curvature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howe, Sean; Zakharevich, Valentin

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We prove generalizations of the isoperimetric inequality for both spherical and hyperbolic wave fronts (i.e. piecewise smooth curves which may have cusps). We then discuss "bicycle curves" using the generalized isoperimetric inequalities. The euclidean model of a bicycle is a unit segment AB that can move so that it remains tangent to the trajectory of point A (the rear wheel is fixed on the bicycle frame). We extend this definition to a general Riemannian manifold, and concern ourselves in particular with bicycle curves in the hyperbolic plane H^2 and on the sphere S^2. We prove results along the lines of those proven by Levi and Tabachnikov and resolve both spherical and hyperbolic versions of Menzin's conjecture, which relates the area bounded by a curve to its associated monodromy map.

  20. Strengthening Building Retrofit Markets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Templeton, Mary [Michigan Saves; Jackson, Robert [Michigan Energy Office

    2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The Business Energy Financing (BEF) program offered commercial businesses in Michigan affordable financing options and other incentives designed to support energy efficiency improvements. We worked through partnerships with Michigan utilities, lenders, building contractors, trade associations, and other community organizations to offer competitive interest rates and flexible financing terms to support energy efficiency projects that otherwise would not have happened. The BEF program targeted the retail food market, including restaurants, grocery stores, convenience stores, and wholesale food vendors, with the goal of achieving energy efficiency retrofits for 2 percent of the target market. We offered low interest rates, flexible payments, easy applications and approval processes, and access to other incentives and rebates. Through these efforts, we sought to help customers strive for energy savings retrofits that would save 20 percent or more on their energy use. This program helped Michigan businesses reduce costs by financing energy efficient lighting, heating and cooling systems, insulation, refrigeration, equipment upgrades, and more. Businesses completed the upgrades with the help of our authorized contractors, and, through our lending partners, we provided affordable financing options.

  1. Dispersion strengthened copper

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sheinberg, Haskell (Los Alamos, NM); Meek, Thomas T. (Knoxville, TN); Blake, Rodger D. (Santa Fe, NM)

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A composition of matter comprised of copper and particles which are dispersed throughout the copper, where the particles are comprised of copper oxide and copper having a coating of copper oxide, and a method for making this composition of matter.

  2. Dispersion strengthened copper

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sheinberg, Haskell (Los Alamos, NM); Meek, Thomas T. (Knoxville, TN); Blake, Rodger D. (Santa Fe, NM)

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A composition of matter comprised of copper and particles which are dispersed throughout the copper, where the particles are comprised of copper oxide and copper having a coating of copper oxide, and a method for making this composition of matter.

  3. Strengthening Cyber Security

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy Usage »of Energy Strain Rate Characterization ofDepartment ofTechnologiesE n E

  4. Strengthening Global Security

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administrationcontroller systemsBiSiteNeutronStrategic Plan The

  5. The lesson of causal discovery algorithms for quantum correlations: Causal explanations of Bell-inequality violations require fine-tuning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christopher J. Wood; Robert W. Spekkens

    2014-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

    An active area of research in the fields of machine learning and statistics is the development of causal discovery algorithms, the purpose of which is to infer the causal relations that hold among a set of variables from the correlations that these exhibit. We apply some of these algorithms to the correlations that arise for entangled quantum systems. We show that they cannot distinguish correlations that satisfy Bell inequalities from correlations that violate Bell inequalities, and consequently that they cannot do justice to the challenges of explaining certain quantum correlations causally. Nonetheless, by adapting the conceptual tools of causal inference, we can show that any attempt to provide a causal explanation of nonsignalling correlations that violate a Bell inequality must contradict a core principle of these algorithms, namely, that an observed statistical independence between variables should not be explained by fine-tuning of the causal parameters. In particular, we demonstrate the need for such fine-tuning for most of the causal mechanisms that have been proposed to underlie Bell correlations, including superluminal causal influences, superdeterminism (that is, a denial of freedom of choice of settings), and retrocausal influences which do not introduce causal cycles.

  6. The Hardy inequality and the heat equation with magnetic field in any dimension

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cristian Cazacu; David Krejcirik

    2014-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

    In the Euclidean space of any dimension d, we consider the heat semigroup generated by the magnetic Schroedinger operator from which an inverse-square potential is subtracted in order to make the operator critical in the magnetic-free case. Assuming that the magnetic field is compactly supported, we show that the polynomial large-time behaviour of the heat semigroup is determined by the eigenvalue problem for a magnetic Schroedinger operator on the (d-1)-dimensional sphere whose vector potential reflects the behaviour of the magnetic field at the space infinity. From the spectral problem on the sphere, we deduce that in d=2 there is an improvement of the decay rate of the heat semigroup by a polynomial factor with power proportional to the distance of the total magnetic flux to the discrete set of flux quanta, while there is no extra polynomial decay rate in higher dimensions. To prove the results, we establish new magnetic Hardy-type inequalities for the Schroedinger operator and develop the method of self-similar variables and weighted Sobolev spaces for the associated heat equation.

  7. Loss-tolerant hybrid measurement test of CHSH inequality with weakly amplified N00N states

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Falk Töppel; Magdalena Stobi?ska

    2015-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Although our understanding of Bell's theorem and experimental techniques to test it have improved over the last 40 years, thus far all Bell tests have suffered at least from the detection or the locality loophole. Most photonic Bell tests rely on inefficient discrete-outcome measurements, often provided by photon counting detection. One possible way to close the detection loophole in photonic Bell tests is to involve efficient continuous-variable measurements instead, such as homodyne detection. Here, we propose a test of the Clauser-Horne-Shimony-Holt (CHSH) inequality that applies photon counting and homodyne detection on weakly amplified two-photon N00N states. The scheme suggested is remarkably robust against experimental imperfections and suits the limits of current technology. As amplified quantum states are considered, our work also contributes to the exploration of entangled macroscopic quantum systems. Further, it may constitute an alternative platform for a loophole-free Bell test, which is also important for quantum-technological applications.

  8. Are entangled particles connected by wormholes? Support for the ER=EPR conjecture from entropy inequalities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gharibyan, Hrant

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    If spacetime is built out of quantum bits, does the shape of space depend on how the bits are entangled? The ER=EPR conjecture relates the entanglement entropy of a collection of black holes to the cross sectional area of Einstein-Rosen (ER) bridges (or wormholes) connecting them. We show that the geometrical entropy of classical ER bridges satisfies the subadditivity, triangle, strong subadditivity, and CLW inequalities. These are nontrivial properties of entanglement entropy, so this is evidence for ER=EPR. We further show that the entanglement entropy associated to classical ER bridges has nonpositive interaction information. This is not a property of entanglement entropy, in general. For example, the entangled four qubit pure state |GHZ_4>=(|0000>+|1111>)/\\sqrt{2} has positive interaction information, so this state cannot be described by a classical ER bridge. Large black holes with massive amounts of entanglement between them can fail to have a classical ER bridge if they are built out of |GHZ_4> states....

  9. Generalized Tsirelson Inequalities, Commuting-Operator Provers, and Multi-Prover Interactive Proof Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tsuyoshi Ito; Hirotada Kobayashi; Daniel Preda; Xiaoming Sun; Andrew C. -C. Yao

    2008-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

    A central question in quantum information theory and computational complexity is how powerful nonlocal strategies are in cooperative games with imperfect information, such as multi-prover interactive proof systems. This paper develops a new method for proving limits of nonlocal strategies that make use of prior entanglement among players (or, provers, in the terminology of multi-prover interactive proofs). Instead of proving the limits for usual isolated provers who initially share entanglement, this paper proves the limits for "commuting-operator provers", who share private space, but can apply only such operators that are commutative with any operator applied by other provers. Commuting-operator provers are at least as powerful as usual isolated but prior-entangled provers, and thus, limits for commuting-operator provers immediately give limits for usual entangled provers. Using this method, we obtain an n-party generalization of the Tsirelson bound for the Clauser-Horne- Shimony-Holt inequality for every n. Our bounds are tight in the sense that, in every n-party case, the equality is achievable by a usual nonlocal strategy with prior entanglement. We also apply our method to a 3-prover 1-round binary interactive proof for NEXP. Combined with the technique developed by Kempe, Kobayashi, Matsumoto, Toner and Vidick to analyze the soundness of the proof system, it is proved to be NP-hard to distinguish whether the entangled value of a 3-prover 1-round binary-answer game is equal to 1 or at most 1-1/p(n) for some polynomial p, where n is the number of questions. This is in contrast to the 2-prover 1-round binary-answer case, where the corresponding problem is efficiently decidable. Alternatively, NEXP has a 3-prover 1-round binary interactive proof system with perfect completeness and soundness 1-2^{-poly}.

  10. Analysis of the Christensen et al. Clauser-Horne (CH)-Inequality-Based Test of Local Realism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Donald A. Graft

    2015-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

    The Clauser-Horne (CH) inequality can validly test aspects of locality when properly applied. This paper analyzes a recent CH-based EPRB experiment, the Christensen et al. experiment. Full details of the data analysis applied to the experiment are given. It is shown that the experiment confirms locality and disconfirms the quantum joint prediction. Additionally, the paper contributes to promulgation of robust and correct data analysis by describing the important degrees of freedom that affect the analysis, and that must be addressed in the analysis of any experiment.

  11. MATE (Materials for Advanced Turbine Engines) Program, Project 3. Volume 2: Design, fabrication and evaluation of an oxide dispersion strengthened sheet alloy combustor liner. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bose, S.; Sheffler, K.D.

    1988-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The suitability of wrought oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) superalloy sheet for gas turbine engine combustor applications was evaluated. Two yttria (Y2O3) dispersion strengthened alloys were evaluated; Incoloy MA956 and Haynes Development Alloy (HDA) 8077 (NiCrAl base). Preliminary tests showed both alloys to be potentially viable combustor materials, with neither alloy exhibiting a significant advantage over the other. MA956 was selected as the final alloy based on manufacturing reproducibility for evaluation as a burner liner. A hybrid PW2037 inner burner liner containing MA956 and Hastelloy X components and using a louvered configuration was designed and constructed. The louvered configuration was chosen because of field experience and compatibility with the bill of material PW2037 design. The simulated flight cycle for the ground based engine tests consisted of 4.5 min idle, 1.5 min takeoff and intermediate conditions in a PW2037 engine with average uncorrected combustor exit temperature of 1527 C. Post test evaluation consisting of visual observations and fluorescent penetrant inspections was conducted after 500 cycles of testing. No loss of integrity in the burner liner was shown.

  12. Global Economy and IT IT: Recovery and Growth Government and IT IT and Society Strengthening Economies Innovation in information technology (IT) has fueled unprecedented economic gains in the last 30

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Narasayya, Vivek

    Global Economy and IT IT: Recovery and Growth Government and IT IT and Society Strengthening Economies Innovation in information technology (IT) has fueled unprecedented economic gains in the last 30-term stimulus to local economies but also position both developed and developing economies to compete

  13. Published as: Aerts, D., 1991, A mechanistic classical laboratory situation violating the Bell inequalities with 22, exactly 'in the same way' as its violations by the EPR experiments, Helv.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aerts, Diederik

    inequalities with 2·2, exactly 'in the same way' as its violations by the EPR experiments, Helv. Phys. Acta, 64 'in the same way' as its violations by the EPR experiments. Diederik Aerts, FUND and CLEA, Vrije

  14. Materials for Advanced Turbine Engines (MATE). Project 3: design, fabrication and evaluation of an oxide dispersion strengthened sheet alloy combustor liner. Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Henricks, R.J.; Sheffler, K.D.

    1984-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The suitability of wrought oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) superalloy sheet for gas turbine engine combustor applications was evaluated. Incoloy MA 956 (FeCrAl base) and Haynes Developmental Alloy (HDA) 8077 (NiCrAl base) were evaluated. Preliminary tests showed both alloys to be potentially viable combustor materials, with neither alloy exhibiting a significant advantage over the other. Both alloys demonstrated a +167C (300 F) advantage of creep and oxidation resistance with no improvement in thermal fatigue capability compared to a current generation combustor alloy (Hastelloy X). MA956 alloy was selected for further demonstration because it exhibited better manufacturing reproducibility than HDA8077. Additional property tests were conducted on MA956. To accommodate the limited thermal fatigue capability of ODS alloys, two segmented, mechanically attached, low strain ODS combustor design concepts having predicted fatigue lives or 10,000 engine cycles were identified. One of these was a relatively conventional louvered geometry, while the other involved a transpiration cooled configuration. A series of 10,000 cycle combustor rig tests on subscale MA956 and Hastelloy X combustor components showed no cracking, thereby confirming the beneficial effect of the segmented design on thermal fatigue capability. These tests also confirmed the superior oxidation and thermal distortion resistance of the ODS alloy. A hybrid PW2037 inner burner liner containing MA956 and Hastelloy X components was designed and constructed.

  15. A forgotten little chapter on isoperimetric inequalities: On the fraction of a convex and closed plane area lying outside a circle with which it shares a diameter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jose M. Pacheco

    2007-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Often some interesting or simply curious points are left out when developing a theory. It seems that one of them is the existence of an upper bound for the fraction of area of a convex and closed plane area lying outside a circle with which it shares a diameter, a problem stemming from the theory of isoperimetric inequalities. In this paper such a bound is constructed and shown to be attained for a particular area. It is also shown that convexity is a necessary condition in order to avoid the whole area lying outside the circle.

  16. Fluid pressure arrival time tomography: Estimation and assessment in the presence of inequality constraints, with an application to a producing gas field at Krechba, Algeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rucci, A.; Vasco, D.W.; Novali, F.

    2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Deformation in the overburden proves useful in deducing spatial and temporal changes in the volume of a producing reservoir. Based upon these changes we estimate diffusive travel times associated with the transient flow due to production, and then, as the solution of a linear inverse problem, the effective permeability of the reservoir. An advantage an approach based upon travel times, as opposed to one based upon the amplitude of surface deformation, is that it is much less sensitive to the exact geomechanical properties of the reservoir and overburden. Inequalities constrain the inversion, under the assumption that the fluid production only results in pore volume decreases within the reservoir. We apply the formulation to satellite-based estimates of deformation in the material overlying a thin gas production zone at the Krechba field in Algeria. The peak displacement after three years of gas production is approximately 0.5 cm, overlying the eastern margin of the anticlinal structure defining the gas field. Using data from 15 irregularly-spaced images of range change, we calculate the diffusive travel times associated with the startup of a gas production well. The inequality constraints are incorporated into the estimates of model parameter resolution and covariance, improving the resolution by roughly 30 to 40%.

  17. Democratic Governance: Systems and Radical Perspectives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bevir, Mark

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and the new public management, new institutionalists promotediplomacy not the new public management (Granovetter 1994;

  18. Support for the Democratic Process in Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bartolomé Peral, Edurne

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the effect of the economic evaluation seems to be crucialevaluations, such economic evaluations and their personalon short term evaluations, especially economic performance,

  19. Vote Buying and Accountability in Democratic Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kramon, Eric

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Agriculture Education Electricity Health Roads Water Vote2010. Electricity Agriculture Roads Water Health Educationwith Electricity Share with No Formal Education Primary

  20. UNDERGROUND STRUCTURES OF THE DEMOCRATIC STATE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Young, T. R.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    movements in the Third World where essential minerals are found and essential markets are located. The state bears the costs of policing the world while the capitalist class reaps the profits. The state must take sides. 69 Mid-American Review of Sociology... against those who mount effective opposition to the logics of capitalist growth-especially in the Third World. The various efforts to assassi­ nate Castro by the CIA in Cuba and to eliminate opposition to friend­ ly regimes are examples (Powers, 1979...

  1. Computational Design and Prototype Evaluation of Aluminide-Strengthened Ferritic Superalloys for Power-Generating Turbine Applications up to 1,033 K

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peter Liaw; Gautam Ghosh; Mark Asta; Morris Fine; Chain Liu

    2010-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of the proposed research is to utilize modern computational tools, integrated with focused experiments, to design innovative ferritic NiAl-strengthened superalloys for fossil-energy applications at temperatures up to 1,033 K. Specifically, the computational alloy design aims toward (1) a steady-state creep rate of approximately 3 x 10{sup -11} s{sup -1} at a temperature of 1,033 K and a stress level of 35 MPa, (2) a ductility of 10% at room temperature, and (3) good oxidation and corrosion resistance at 1,033 K. The research yielded many outstanding research results, including (1) impurity-diffusion coefficients in {alpha} Fe have been calculated by first principles for a variety of solute species; (2) the precipitates were characterized by the transmission-electron microscopy (TEM) and analytical-electron microscopy (AEM), and the elemental partitioning has been determined; (3) a bending ductility of more than 5% has been achieved in the unrolled materials; and (4) optimal compositions with minimal secondary creep rates at 973 K have been determined. Impurity diffusivities in {alpha} Fe have been calculated within the formalisms of a harmonic transition-state theory and Le Claire nine-frequency model for vacancy-mediated diffusion. Calculated diffusion coefficients for Mo and W impurities are comparable to or larger than that for Fe self-diffusion. Calculated activation energies for Ta and Hf impurities suggest that these solutes should display impurity-diffusion coefficients larger than that for self-diffusion in the body-centered cubic Fe. Preliminary mechanical-property studies identified the alloy Fe-6.5Al-10Ni-10Cr-3.4Mo-0.25Zr-0.005B (FBB-8) in weight percent (wt.%) for detailed investigations. This alloy shows precipitation of NiAl particles with an average diameter of 130 nm. In conjunction with the computational alloy design, selected experiments are performed to investigate the effect of the Al content on the ductility and creep of prototype Fe-Ni-Cr-Al-Mo alloys. Three-point-bending experiments show that alloys containing more than 5 wt.% Al exhibit poor ductility (< 2%) at room temperature, and their fracture mode is predominantly of a cleavage type. Two major factors governing the poor ductility are (1) the volume fraction of NiAl-type precipitates, and (2) the Al content in the {alpha}-Fe matrix. A bend ductility of more than 5% can be achieved by lowering the Al concentration to 3 wt.% in the alloy. The alloy containing about 6.5 wt.% Al is found to have an optimal combination of hardness, ductility, and minimal creep rate at 973 K. A high volume fraction of precipitates is responsible for the good creep resistance by effectively resisting the dislocation motion through Orowan-bowing and dislocation-climb mechanisms. The effects of stress on the creep rate have been studied. With the threshold-stress compensation, the stress exponent is determined to be 4, indicating power-law dislocation creep. The threshold stress is in the range of 40-53 MPa. The addition of W can significantly reduce the secondary creep rates. Compared to other candidates for steam-turbine applications, FBB-8 does not show superior creep resistance at high stresses (> 100 MPa), but exhibit superior creep resistance at low stresses (< 60 MPa).

  2. Strengthening the Workforce in Better Buildings Neighborhoods...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    This program is creating new careers for people such as myself. I have a background in sustainable development in architecture and now I'm really focusing in on energy advising...

  3. Research Articles Strengthening the Capacity of Local

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    century.1 However, new threats to public health--air and noise pollution, solid and hazardous wastes Buchanan, PhDg SYNOPSIS Objectives. We evaluated the effectiveness of the Protocol for Assessing Com munity of the protocol. Results. We received 656 total responses: 354 had not considered implemen tation, 302 had

  4. Strengthening Line Management Oversight and Federal Monitoring...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Management, September 2003 4. DOE G 430.1-2, Implementation Guide for Surveillance and Maintenance during Facility Transition and Disposition, September 1999 5. DOE G 430.1-3,...

  5. Solid electrolytes strengthened by metal dispersions

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lauf, R.J.; Morgan, C.S.

    1981-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

    An improvement in solid electrolytes of advanced secondary batteries of the sodium-sulfur, sodium-halogen, and like combinations is achieved by providing said battery with a cermet electrolyte containing a metal dispersion ranging from 0.1 to 10.0 vol. % of a substantially nonreactive metal selected from the group consisting essentially of Pt, Cr, Fe, Co, Ni, Nb, their alloys, and their physical mixtures in the elemental or uncombined state, the remainder of said cermet being an ion-conductive ceramic material.

  6. Solid electrolytes strengthened by metal dispersions

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lauf, Robert J. (Oak Ridge, TN); Morgan, Chester S. (Oak Ridge, TN)

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An improvement in solid electrolytes of advanced secondary batteries of the sodium-sulfur, sodium-halogen, and like combinations is achieved by providing said battery with a cermet electrolyte containing a metal dispersion ranging from 0.1 to 10.0 vol. % of a substantially nonreactive metal selected from the group consisting essentially of Pt, Cr, Fe, Co, Ni, Nb, their alloys, and their physical mixtures in the elemental or uncombined state, the remainder of said cermet being an ion-conductive ceramic material.

  7. DIRECTIONAL RECRYSTALLISATION IN DISPERSION STRENGTHENED ALLOYS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cambridge, University of

    in the Phase Transformations Group at the Department of Materials Science and Metallurgy, University metallurgy of this particular process, and t

  8. GRANCRETE FOR FLEXURAL STRENGTHENING OF CONCRETE STRUCTURES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the concrete to the fibers (ACI 440.2R-08). Research conducted at Lulea University of Technology in Sweden has

  9. DOE Strengthens Collaboration at Intergovernmental Meeting

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    NEW ORLEANS – EM and stakeholders met to discuss and collaborate on issues impacting nuclear cleanup across the complex. More than 150 people traveled to New Orleans for the 11th combined Intergovernmental Meeting with the DOE.

  10. Strengthening the Workforce in Better Buildings Neighborhoods

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Sperling, Gil; Adams, Cynthia; Fiori, Laura; Penzkover, Dave; Wood, Danny; Farris, Joshua

    2013-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

    The Better Buildings Neighborhood Program is supporting an expanding energy efficiency workforce upgrading buildings in communities around the country. Contractors are being trained and have access to additional job opportunities, spurring local economic growth while helping Americans use less energy, save money, and be more comfortable in their homes and other buildings.

  11. Executive Order 13423: Strengthening Federal Environmental, Energy...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    energy efficiency and reduce greenhouse gas emissions of the agency, through reduction of energy intensity by (i) 3 percent annually through the end of fiscal year 2015, or (ii) 30...

  12. Oxide strengthened molybdenum-rhenium alloy

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bianco, Robert (Cleveland, OH); Buckman, Jr., R. William (Pittsburgh, PA)

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Provided is a method of making an ODS molybdenum-rhenium alloy which includes the steps of: (a) forming a slurry containing molybdenum oxide and a metal salt dispersed in an aqueous medium, the metal salt being selected from nitrates or acetates of lanthanum, cerium or thorium; (b) heating the slurry in the presence of hydrogen to form a molybdenum powder comprising molybdenum and an oxide of the metal salt; (c) mixing rhenium powder with the molybdenum powder to form a molybdenum-rhenium powder; (d) pressing the molybdenum-rhenium powder to form a molybdenum-rhenium compact; (e) sintering the molybdenum-rhenium compact in hydrogen or under a vacuum to form a molybdenum-rhenium ingot; and (f) compacting the molybdenum-rhenium ingot to reduce the cross-sectional area of the molybdenum-rhenium ingot and form a molybdenum-rhenium alloy containing said metal oxide. The present invention also provides an ODS molybdenum-rhenium alloy made by the method. A preferred Mo--Re-ODS alloy contains 7-14 weight % rhenium and 2-4 volume % lanthanum oxide.

  13. Optimisation of Shear Strengthened Reinforced Concrete Beams

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yapa, Hiran D.; Lees, Janet M.

    2014-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

    strain 82 #3;1, #3;2 principal strains ? inclination of the principal compressive strain direction relative to the x (longitudinal) direction rx, rz steel reinforcement ratio in the longitudinal and transverse directions 1. Introduction Shear failures... for rectangular (Kesse and Lees, 2007a) or slab-on-beam structures (Hoult and Lees, 2009a). The CFRP strap is made by winding layers of thin (between 0.12 mm and 0.16 mm thick) continuous CFRP thermo- plastic tape around the beam. Profiled steel bearing pads...

  14. Strengthening Line Management Oversight and Federal Monitoring...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Basis Program Review of TSRs, USQs and SERs February 2015 i Standard Review Plan Volume 5 Nuclear Safety Basis Program Review of TSRs, USQs and SERs Facility Life Cycle...

  15. Strengthening Line Management Oversight and Federal Monitoring...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Review Overview and Management Oversight February 2015 i Standard Review Plan Volume 1 Nuclear Safety Basis Program Review Overview and Management Oversight Facility Life Cycle...

  16. Strengthening Line Management Oversight and Federal Monitoring...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Safety Basis Program Review During Design February 2015 i Standard Review Plan Volume 2 Nuclear Safety Basis Program Review during Design Facility Life Cycle Applicability CD-1...

  17. Strengthening the Workforce in Better Buildings Neighborhoods

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sperling, Gil; Adams, Cynthia; Fiori, Laura; Penzkover, Dave; Wood, Danny; Farris, Joshua

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Better Buildings Neighborhood Program is supporting an expanding energy efficiency workforce upgrading buildings in communities around the country. Contractors are being trained and have access to additional job opportunities, spurring local economic growth while helping Americans use less energy, save money, and be more comfortable in their homes and other buildings.

  18. Strengthening Our Partnerships with Historically Black Colleges...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    with the Department's Thomas Jefferson National Laboratory. At Jefferson Lab, Hampton students have supported work conducted in the nuclear physics program. Now, Hampton is...

  19. Strengthening the Loan Program | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGYWomenthe House Committee on Energy andDepartmentDepartmentHigh-LevelEnergyDamien

  20. Strengthening Cyber Security | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartment of Energyof theRestoration at Young - Rainey

  1. Strengthening Line Management Oversight and Federal Monitoring...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Safety Analysis iv PHA Preliminary Hazards Analysis PSDR Preliminary Safety Design Report PSVR Preliminary Safety Validation Report QA Quality Assurance RF Respirable Fraction...

  2. 30/11/08 7:32 PMScienceDirect -Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transport...sportation networks: An evolutionary variational inequality formulation Page 1 of 28http://www.sciencedirect.com.subzero.lib.uoguelph.ca/science?_ob=..._userid=106721

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cojocaru, Monica

    in the unification of evolutionary variational inequalities and projected dynamical systems. Keywords: Electric power.1016/j.tre.2006.03.002 Copyright © 2006 Elsevier Ltd All rights reserved. Dynamic electric power supply In this paper, we develop a static electric power supply chain network equilibrium model with known demands

  3. Lifting 2-integer knapsack inequalities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oct 1, 2003 ... superadditivity, the papers of Marchand & Wolsey (1999) and Marchand & Wolsey (2001) based on the lifting of the well known MIR ...

  4. GROTHENDIECK INEQUALITIES FOR SEMIDEFINITE PROGRAMS ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Nov 4, 2010 ... first appeared in the work [17] of Grothendieck on the metric theory of tensor products. .... books by Pisier [35], Jameson [19], and Garling [15]. During the ..... to the probability density function (see e.g. Muirhead [32, p. 10, eq.

  5. Urban health and health inequalities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .1.2 Brownfield restoration and remediation 66 10.1.3 Partnerships 66 10.1.4 Targeted grants 67 10.1.5 Community

  6. Strengthening and AcceleratingStrengthening and Accelerating the Development of Fusion Powerthe Development of Fusion Power

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Development of Fusion Power Chris Llewellyn Smith Director, UKAEA Culham Chairman Consultative Committee) people of the importance of developing fusion as (potentially) an environmentally responsible source (used to fuel a fusion power station) 200,000 KW-hrs = (total US electricity production for 15 years

  7. Explaining the International Environmental Cooperation of Democratic Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Recchia, Steven

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Protocol on Substances that Deplete Ozone Layer 7. Basel Convention on the Movements of Hazardous Wastes

  8. Maintainable and Reusable Scientific Software Adaptation Democratizing Scientific Software Adaptation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ryder, Barbara G.

    Adaptation Pilsung Kang, Eli Tilevich, Srinidhi Varadarajan, and Naren Ramakrishnan Center for High, and available resources to en- sure its efficiency and reliability. Although adaptation pat- terns can be found, Maintenance, and Enhancement; D.2.13 [Reusable Soft- ware]: [Reusable libraries]; D.3.3 [Language Constructs

  9. Maintainable and Reusable Scientific Software Adaptation Democratizing Scientific Software Adaptation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramakrishnan, Naren

    .kang@samsung.com Eli Tilevich, Srinidhi Varadarajan, and Naren Ramakrishnan Center for High-End Computing Systems Dept resources to ensure its efficiency and reliability. Although adaptation patterns can be found in a sizable-oriented Pro- gramming; D.2.7 [Software Engineering]: Distribution, Maintenance, and Enhancement; D.2

  10. Understanding Democratic Congruence: A Demand-Supply Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Welzel, Christian; Klingemann, Hans-Dieter

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Austria Denmark Portugal Uruguay Iceland Spain SlovakiaCyprus Italy Estonia Malta Uruguay Taiwan Hungary Greece S.Slovakia Argentina Slovenia Uruguay Mexico Croatia Brazil

  11. Democratic Republic of Congo-Low Emission Capacity Building Programme...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    area in Africa, making it a carbon sink of estimated 140Gt CO2, and has large hydroelectric potential of 100,000 megawatts, of which so far 2.5% is used. The population is 72...

  12. Democratic Republic of Congo-National Adaptation Plan Global...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    that the NAP could build on Vision 2035 and that the NAP-GSP could help identify political entry-points for long term adaptation planning through Vision 2015. DRC are keen for...

  13. Democratizing global tourism or designing diversity to reach harmony

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radoman, Slobodan, M. Arch. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The largest lake in the Balkans, the largest bird "airport" in Europe, multinational, protected under the Ramsar Convention, a candidate for the UNESCO transboundary biosphere enlisting, the Skadar Lake is yet, economically ...

  14. Democratic Planning in Seattle: Distributive Outcomes Across Neighborhoods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lingafelter, Teresa

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    CA. Parpart, J. L. , & Marchand, M. H. (1995). Exploding theConclusion. In M. H. Marchand & J. l. Parpart (Eds. ),and Activism. In M. H. Marchand & J. L. Parpart (Eds. ),

  15. Equalizing Superstars: The Internet and the Democratization of Education

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Acemoglu, Daron

    Internet-based educational resources are proliferating rapidly. One concern associated with these (potentially transformative) technological changes is that they will be disequalizing—as many technologies of the last several ...

  16. Democratization and the development of Japan's uneven welfare state

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shimabukuro, Yumiko T

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Comparative data reveal that Japan consistently has had one of the highest poverty rates among advanced industrialized nations, yet its government taxes the poor more heavily and gives them less in public cash transfers ...

  17. Equalizing Superstars: The Internet and the Democratization of Education

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Acemoglu, Daron

    2014-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Educational resources distributed via the Internet are rapidly proliferating. One prominent concern associated with these potentially transformative developments is that, as many of the leading technologies of the last ...

  18. Federal Institutions and the Democratic Transition: Lessons From South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubinfeld, Daniel

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Southern Africa (1995), South Africa’s Nine Provinces:Human Development Profile, South Africa: Development Bank ofRegionalism in the New South Africa, Brookfield, U.S. :

  19. Understanding Democratic Congruence: A Demand-Supply Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Welzel, Christian; Klingemann, Hans-Dieter

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ireland Philippines India Croatia France Argentina Luxemb.S. Korea Domin. R. Jordan Croatia Latvia Morocco BrazilSlovenia Uruguay Mexico Croatia Brazil Domin. R. Cyprus

  20. Research on Second Language Acquisition: A Democratic Educational Concept

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lara-Alecio, Rafael; Irby, Beverly J.

    2010-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

    conducted, but it survives today primarily in two-way bilingual programs, in which teachers instruct (typically) Spanish- and English-dominant students to read both Spanish and English, from kindergarten or 1st grade onward? (p. 53). Issue #3: Lack... programs. During year one of the grant period, we prepared and piloted materials and routines for each enhanced program type. The longitudinal study was actually begun in 2004-2005 during the kindergarten year with identified classrooms of children...

  1. Democratic Republic of Congo-Low Emission Capacity Building Programme...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Programme (UNDP), German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), Australian Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency...

  2. Accelerating and democratizing science through cloud-based services.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Foster, I. (CLS-CI); ( MCS)

    2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Many businesses today save time and money, and increase their agility, by outsourcing mundane IT tasks to cloud providers. The author argues that similar methods can be used to overcome the complexities inherent in increasingly data-intensive, computational, and collaborative scientific research. He describes Globus Online, a system that he and his colleagues are developing to realize this vision. he scientific community today has unprecedented opportunities to effect transformational change in how individuals and teams engage in discovery. The driving force is a set of interrelated new capabilities that, when harnessed, can enable dramatic acceleration in the discovery process: greater availability of massive data, exponentially faster computers, ultra-high-speed networks, and deep interdisciplinary collaboration. The opportunity - and challenge - is to make these capabilities accessible not just to a few 'big science' projects but to every researcher at every level. Here, I argue that the key to seizing this opportunity is embracing software delivery methods that haven't been widely adopted in research, notably software as a service (SaaS) - a technology that forms an important part of what people refer to as the cloud. I also describe projects in the Computation Institute at the University of Chicago and Argonne National Laboratory that aim to realize this vision, focusing initially on data movement and management.

  3. Center for the Study of Democratic Institutions 230 Appleton Place

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palmeri, Thomas

    that the sample was representative of Tennessee in terms of age, gender, education, region (West, Middle, East for a proportion based on the 1423 respondents with complete demographic information is +/- 2.6% The questions unbiased. Whenever possible, the Vanderbilt Poll used questions that were previously used to follow best

  4. Democratic Planning in Seattle: Distributive Outcomes Across Neighborhoods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lingafelter, Teresa

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    incinerators, which led to a city-wide recycling program,incinerators, which led to a city-wide recycling program,

  5. An attempt to determine a basis for affective democratic fields

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Veselka, Van Kenneth

    2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

    , or makes reasonable and possible this transmission? How can we ever move to new understandings? How can change occur? There may be some ways to answer these questions within this tradition. Certainly some are working on it. Robert Brandon in his recent... activity of existents in fields. In the above mentioned book, Makin it Ex licit, Brandon says that "the early Frege envisages a field of material inferences that confer conceptual content in sentences caught up in them " (110). There is something...

  6. COLLOQUIUM: From Democratic Consensus to Cannibalistic Hordes: The

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-Series to someone6Energy, science,Principles of Collective Behavior | Princeton

  7. Democratic Republic of Congo-Low Emission Capacity Building Programme

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address:011-DNA Jump to:52c8ff988c1 No38e4011f618bDeer Park,DellProgramme (LECBP) | Open

  8. Democratic Republic of Congo-National Adaptation Plan Global Support

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address:011-DNA Jump to:52c8ff988c1 No38e4011f618bDeer Park,DellProgramme (LECBP) | OpenProgramme

  9. Democratic Republic of Congo-Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address:011-DNA Jump to:52c8ff988c1 No38e4011f618bDeer Park,DellProgramme (LECBP) |

  10. Democratic Republic of Congo: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address:011-DNA Jump to:52c8ff988c1 No38e4011f618bDeer Park,DellProgramme (LECBP) |(Redirected

  11. Democratic Republic of Congo-Low Emission Capacity Building Programme

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision has beenFfe2fb55-352f-473b-a2dd-50ae8b27f0a6 No revision has beenFinancial IncentiveEnergy(LECBP) | Open

  12. Democratic Republic of Congo: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision has beenFfe2fb55-352f-473b-a2dd-50ae8b27f0a6 No revision has beenFinancial IncentiveEnergy(LECBP) |

  13. Democratic Republic of Congo-REDD Programme | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating Solar Power Basics (The following text09-0018-CXBasin JumpTexasProgramme Partner

  14. The Press Democrat: Print a Story The Press Democrat. For copyright information visit our User Agreement page at

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ravikumar, B.

    Sonoma County now has another piece of what some executives refer to as a self-sustaining economic university that are needed for an economic ecosystem to be self-sustaining. Sonoma County has some. But there is a lot more to do before a self- sustaining economic ecosystem in Sonoma County can reach full bloom

  15. Secretary of Energy Signs Memorandum of Understanding to Strengthen...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Technologies May 27, 2008 - 11:59am Addthis MOU will further joint efforts to advance wave power as a clean, viable energy source LISBON, PORTUGAL - U.S. Secretary of Energy...

  16. Department of Energy Announces Steps to Strengthen Enforcement...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Completion of Critical Energy Conservation Appliance Standards DOE Requires Manufacturers to Halt Sales of Heat Pumps and Air Conditioners Violating Minimum Appliance Standards...

  17. Energy Department Releases New Guidance for Strengthening Cybersecurit...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    be helpful in advancing the security precautions of public power utilities," said Sue Kelly, President and CEO of the American Public Power Association. "By building a foundation...

  18. A Micro-Alloyed Ferritic Steel Strengthened by Nanoscale Precipitates...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    microscope (TEM), fine carbides with an average diameter of 10 nm were observed in the ferrite matrix of the 0.08%Ti steel, and some cubic M23C6 precipitates were also observed at...

  19. A micro-alloyed ferritic steel strengthened by nanoscale precipitates...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    (TEM), fine carbides TiC with an average diameter of 10 nm were observed in the ferrite matrix of the 0.08%Ti steel, and some cubic M23C6 precipitates were also observed at...

  20. Evaluation of Oxide Dispersion Strengthened (ODS) molybdenum alloys

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bianco, R.; Buckman, R.W. Jr.

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    A series of fourteen (14) novel high-strength molybdenum alloy compositions containing a dispersion of very fine (< 1 {mu}m diameter) oxide particles were consolidated using two proprietary powder metallurgy techniques. The developmental compositions were evaluated to determine the microstructural stability and mechanical properties from cryogenic (-148{degrees}F) to elevated temperatures (4000{degrees}F) for material in the as-swaged (>98% cold work) condition and for as-swaged material in the heat treated condition. Extremely fine oxide particle sizes (<1000 {Angstrom}) were observed by Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) for a number of the experimental compositions in the as-swaged condition. A one hour recrystallization temperature as high as 3990{degrees}F was measured and a ductile-to-brittle transition temperature as low as {approximately}58{degrees}F for material in the recrystallized condition was determined. The preliminary results support the alloy design concept feasibility.

  1. Initiative for the Transformation and Strengthening of the Solar...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    working with Central American countries on climate change vulnerability for hydroelectric systems and adaptation options. Specific activities include: methodology for...

  2. Believing Your Eyes: Strengthening the Reliability of Tags and Seals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brim, Cornelia P.; Denlinger, Laura S.

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    NNSA’s Office of Nonproliferation and International Security (NIS) is working together with scientific experts at the DOE national laboratories to develop the tools needed to safeguard and secure nuclear material from diversion, theft, and sabotage--tasks critical to support future arms control treaties that may involve the new challenge of monitoring nuclear weapons dismantlement. Use of optically stimulated luminescent material is one method to enhance the security and robustness of existing tamper indicating devices such as tags and seals.

  3. Development of oxide dispersion strengthened ferritic steels for fusion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mukhopadhyay, D.K.; Suryanarayana, C.; Froes, F.H.; Gelles, D.S.

    1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Seven ODS steels, Fe(5-13.5)Cr-2W-0.5Ti-0.25 Y{sub 2}O{sub 3} (in weight percent) were manufactured using the mechanical alloying process. Only the composition Fe-13.5Cr3W-0.5Ti-0.25Y{sub 2}O{sub 3} showed no austenite formation at any temperature using differential thermal analysis and hence was selected as an experimental alloy for the present investigation. Milled powders were consolidated by hot isostatic pressing and hot swaging. Electron microscopy studies indicated high material homogeneity. The hardness of the as-swaged specimen was 65 R{sub c}. Annealing of the as-swaged material at 800, 900, 1000, 1100, and 1200{degrees}C showed a minor decrease in the hardness.

  4. Development of oxide dispersion strengthened ferritic steels for fusion reactors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mukhopadhay, D.K.; Suryanarayana, C.; Froes, F.H. [Univ. of Idaho, Moscow, ID (United States); Hebeisen, J. [Industrial Materials Technology Inc., Andover, MA (United States); Gelles, D.S. [Pacific Northwest National Lab., Richland, WA (United States)

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Seven ODS steels, Fe-(5.13.5)Cr-2W-0.5Ti-0.25 Y{sub 2}O{sub 3} (in weight percent) were manufactured using the mechanical alloying process. Only the composition Fe-13.5Cr-2W-0.5Ti-0.25Y{sub 2}O{sub 3} showed no austenite formation at any temperature using differential thermal analysis and hence was selected as an experimental alloy for the present investigation. Milled powders were consolidated by hot isostatic pressing and hot swaging. Electron microscopy studies indicated high material homogeneity. The hardness of the as-swaged specimen was 65 R{sub c}. Annealing of the as-swaged material at 800 C, 900 C, 1,000 C, 1,100 C and 1,200 C showed a minor decrease in the hardness.

  5. Standard Review Plan Preparation for Facility Operations Strengthening...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Planning and Conducting Readiness Reviews DOE O 422.1, Admin Chg 1, Conduct of Operations, June 2013 DOE O 426.2, Personnel Selection, Training, Qualification, and...

  6. Strengthening America's Energy Security with Offshore Wind (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This fact sheet describes the current state of the offshore wind industry in the United States and the offshore wind research and development activities conducted the U.S. Department of Energy Wind and Water Power Program.

  7. Strengthening America's Energy Security with Offshore Wind (Fact Sheet) (Revised)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This fact sheet provides a brief description of offshore wind energy development in the U.S. and DOE's Wind Program offshore wind R&D activities.

  8. USING PERFORMANCE MEASUREMENTS TO EVALUATE AND STRENGTHEN INFORMATION SYSTEM SECURITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ;Measurements can be used throughout the system development life cycle (SDLC) to monitor the implementation

  9. Reviving Magnet Schools: Strengthening a Successful Choice Option

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siegel-Hawley, Genevieve; Frankenberg, Erica

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Graduation in the Los Angeles Unified School District? Santa Barbara: California Dropout Research Project,

  10. Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Developing...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Bank Partner Japan, United Kingdom Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Non-renewable Energy, Buildings, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Greenhouse Gas, Grid...

  11. Vietnam-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Bank Partner Japan, United Kingdom Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Non-renewable Energy, Buildings, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Greenhouse Gas, Grid...

  12. Strengthening the nuclear-reactor fuel cycle against proliferation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Travelli, A.; Snelgrove, J.; Persiani, P. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Arms Control and Nonproliferation Program

    1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) conducts several research programs that serve to reduce the risks of fissile-material diversion from the nuclear-reactor fuel cycle. The objectives are to provide economical and efficient neutron or power generation with the minimum of inherent risks, and to further minimize risks by utilizing sophisticated techniques to detect attempts at material diversion. This paper will discuss the Reduced Enrichment Research and Test Reactor (RERTR) Program, the Isotope Correlation Technique (ICT), and Proliferation-Resistant Closed-Cycle Reactors. The first two are sponsored by the DOE Office of Arms Control and Nonproliferation.

  13. Philippines-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    building capacity based on research focusing on economic aspects, and raising public awareness about climate change challenges and opportunities. Objectives The objectives of the...

  14. Science for Energy Technology: Strengthening the Link between

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rollins, Andrew M.

    ............................................................................................. 11 Chapter 3: Panel 1 -- Solar Electricity from Photovoltaics ..................................................... 23 Chapter 4: Panel 2 -- Advanced Nuclear Energy .................................................................... 45 Chapter 5: Panel 3 -- Carbon Sequestration

  15. Refinement of interface automata strengthened by action semantics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    . Essentially, component interoperabil- ity have to satisfy the type compatibility of operations (the number/O automata and CSP [12]. There interaction is made by synchronizing shared input an output actions, while

  16. Strengthening Clean Energy Technology Cooperation under the UNFCCC | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectric Coop, Inc Place: MissouriPrograms | OpenSEI) JumpTexasOpen

  17. Strengthening Public-Private Partnerships to Accelerate Global Electricity

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectric Coop, Inc Place: MissouriPrograms | OpenSEI) JumpTexasOpenTechnology

  18. DOE Strengthens Public Registry to Track Greenhouse Gas Emissions |

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGYWomentheATLANTA, GA - U.S. Department ofThe U.S.

  19. DOE Strengthens Rules Governing Worker Safety | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGYWomentheATLANTA, GA - U.S. Department ofThe U.S.D.C. - Energy Secretary Samuel W.

  20. Department of Energy Announces Steps to Strengthen Enforcement of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGYWomentheATLANTA, GA - U.S.Development Projects |Reserve | Department ofRecovery

  1. Characterization of microstructural strengthening in the heat-affected zone

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-Series to User Group and Userof a blast-resistant naval steel | Energy Frontier

  2. Energy Department Develops Tool with Industry to Help Utilities Strengthen

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy UsageAUDITVehiclesTanklessDOJ TitleDr. StevenSolarResearch andCompetitionTheir

  3. NNSA Organizational Redress Strengthens Path Forward | National Nuclear

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas Conchas recovery challengeMultiscaleLogosAdministrationNetwork VisionOffice of

  4. New Steps to Strengthen the Nation's Energy Infrastructure | Department

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGY TAXBalanced Scorecard Federal2Energy SecondWellsWinsRules HelpSolutions Requireof

  5. ORISE: Helping Strengthen Emergency Response Capabilities for DOE

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas Conchas recoveryLaboratory |CHEMPACK Mapping ApplicationEnvironmentEducationDamsResponse

  6. ORISE: REAC/TS Strengthens Preparedness for Radiation Emergencies Worldwide

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas Conchas recoveryLaboratory |CHEMPACK MappingHistoryMedical Management ofIncidentREAC/TS

  7. Secretary of Energy Signs Memorandum of Understanding to Strengthen

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartment of Energyof the Americas | Department ofofDelivered | Summaryin Beijing,

  8. Secretaries Chu and Salazar to Convene Meeting on Strengthening Deepwater

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of Energy Power.pdf11-161-LNG |September2-SCORECARD-01-24-13 Page 1 ofIBRF Project$17.5Blowout Containment

  9. Twenty In Ten: Strengthening America's Energy Security | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy Usage »of EnergyThe EnergyDepartment7DepartmentEnergyDRAFT

  10. DOE Announces Steps to Strengthen Enforcement of Energy Efficiency

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarly Career Scientists'Montana. DOCUMENTS AVAILABLEReport 2009SiteMajorProduct Development|Standards |

  11. Oakland -- Strengthening a Neighborhood Through Stream Restoration [Roots

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hood, Walter

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    a Neighborhood Through Stream Restoration Walter Hoodproject in Oakland uses stream restoration as a tool fore slope restoration uses plant materials to,stabilize stream

  12. Strengthening America's Energy Future through Education and Workforce...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    shortage of training and skills is "a leading barrier to renewable energy and energy-efficiency growth." The Department has a record of supporting education and workforce...

  13. Initiative for the Transformation and Strengthening of the Solar Water

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating Solar Power BasicsGermany:InformationInformationInformationDFID

  14. Energy Department Releases New Guidance for Strengthening Cybersecurity of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in Review: TopEnergyIDIQBusiness CompetitionDepartmentand ReduceObama'sEnergythe

  15. Executive Order 13423- Strengthening Federal Environmental, Energy, and

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGYWomentheATLANTA, GA5 &of Energy memoCity of Los Angeles| Department

  16. Energy Department Announces $13 Million to Strengthen Local Solar Markets

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarly Career Scientists'Montana.Program -Department of EnergyStakeholders | DepartmentSystemsand Spur

  17. Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Developing Asia

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revisionEnvReviewNonInvasiveExplorationUT-g GrantAtlas (PACAOpen Energy InformationStonyMonitoring |Corp-

  18. Clean Cities Expands and Strengthens Nationwide Partnerships | Department

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarly Career Scientists'Montana. DOCUMENTS AVAILABLE FORSuperior Energy5-1Denverby LAWRENCEJulyEnergyof

  19. Strengthening Line Management Oversight and Federal Monitoring of Nuclear Facilities

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

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  20. Strengthening Our Continued Partnership with Iraq | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy Usage »of Energy Strain Rate Characterization ofDepartment ofTechnologiesE n

  1. Strengthening Our Partnerships with Historically Black Colleges and

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy Usage »of Energy Strain Rate Characterization ofDepartment ofTechnologiesE

  2. Strengthening Today's Science Talent to Become Tomorrow's Science Leaders |

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGYWomenthe House Committee on Energy andDepartmentDepartmentHigh-Level

  3. Strengthening U.S. Leadership in Advanced Manufacturing | Department of

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGYWomenthe House Committee on Energy andDepartmentDepartmentHigh-LevelEnergy

  4. Philippines-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth'sOklahoma/GeothermalOrangePeru: Energy Resources

  5. Malaysia-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429Lacey,(MonasterLowell Point,ECOInformation Sharing and Car(EC-LEDS)

  6. Energy Department Announces First Regional Gasoline Reserve to Strengthen

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeat PumpRecord ofESPC ENABLE:2009 DOE Hydrogen13, 2014 YearProgram Funding |CoalFuel

  7. Energy Department Releases New Guidance for Strengthening Cybersecurity of

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  8. Espanola Public School teachers strengthen skills during summer session

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  9. Executive Order 13423: Strengthening Federal Environmental, Energy, and

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector General Office of Audit|Department of Energy56 EvaluationFriday,ChangeFederal

  10. A Micro-Alloyed Ferritic Steel Strengthened by Nanoscale Precipitates. |

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinanInformation Desert SouthwestTechnologies |November 2011A First Look at YeastMES-EMSL Micro-Alloyed

  11. A micro-alloyed ferritic steel strengthened by nanoscale precipitates. |

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  12. Strengthening Our Commitment to Tribal Energy | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartment of Energyof theRestoration at Young - Rainey Jan. 24 / Administration of

  13. Strengthening Relationships Between Energy Programs and Housing Programs |

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartment of Energyof theRestoration at Young - Rainey Jan. 24 /

  14. Energy Department Invests $4 Million to Strengthen Building America

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of Energy Power SystemsResources DOEElectrical SafetyEnergy Plants |Naturalfor InnovativeIndustry

  15. Strengthening Public and Private Climate Finance in Asia - Indonesia | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:Seadov Pty LtdSteen, Minnesota: Energy ResourcesStockbridge

  16. Strengthening Line Management Oversight and Federal Monitoring of Nuclear Facilities

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of Energy Power.pdf11-161-LNGInternational EnergyCommittee onGAS ActNational QualityStrategy14

  17. Strengthening Line Management Oversight and Federal Monitoring of Nuclear Facilities

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of Energy Power.pdf11-161-LNGInternational EnergyCommittee onGAS ActNational QualityStrategy141 -- Nuclear

  18. Strengthening Line Management Oversight and Federal Monitoring of Nuclear Facilities

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of Energy Power.pdf11-161-LNGInternational EnergyCommittee onGAS ActNational QualityStrategy141 --

  19. Strengthening Line Management Oversight and Federal Monitoring of Nuclear Facilities

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of Energy Power.pdf11-161-LNGInternational EnergyCommittee onGAS ActNational QualityStrategy141 -- Volume 3

  20. Strengthening Line Management Oversight and Federal Monitoring of Nuclear Facilities

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of Energy Power.pdf11-161-LNGInternational EnergyCommittee onGAS ActNational QualityStrategy141 -- Volume

  1. Strengthening Line Management Oversight and Federal Monitoring of Nuclear Facilities

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of Energy Power.pdf11-161-LNGInternational EnergyCommittee onGAS ActNational QualityStrategy141 -- Volume5 -

  2. Strengthening the Workforce in Better Buildings Neighborhoods (Text

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustionImprovement Award Secretary's Improvement AwardStateBlueprint |StevenforCoordination

  3. Alina Deshpande-Strengthening the fight against pandemics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  4. Indonesia-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat JumpInc Place: Eden Prairie, MinnesotaIndianapolisDeveloping Asia | Open

  5. Stability Of Nanoclusters In 14YWT Oxide Dispersion Strengthened Steel

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  6. Strengthening a solid partnership | Y-12 National Security Complex

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas ConchasPassiveSubmittedStatus TomAbout » Staff125,849| OSTI, US About BPA

  7. Workers of the World, Unite! Franchise Extensions and the Threat of Revolution in Europe, 1820-1938

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aidt, Toke S.; Jensen, Peter S.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of democratization, such as national income, urbanization, education, war, trade integration, inequality, enlightenment shocks, etc. and for un- observed country speci?c ?xed factors and common time shocks. Yet, it is possible that countries which were ?ready... - tions (voting rights to all adults, secret ballot, civil liberties, e¤ective accountability, etc.). On the contrary, it suggests that the elites would seek to grant the minimum concession needed to ?calm the waters?and avoid a revolution. Accordingly...

  8. Valid Inequalities and Restrictions for Stochastic Programming ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

    1Department of Management Science and Information Systems, Rutgers University ...... In practice, it is important to construct feasible solutions which provide good ...... [21] ILOG CPLEX, 2000, CPLEX 7.0 Users Manual and Reference Manual, ...

  9. The Social Reproduction of Systemic Racial Inequality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mueller, Jennifer C

    2013-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

    that history only as a means for discursively severing its connection to contemporary racial disparities, racial discrimination and the alienated racist relations1 that continue to characterize U.S. society. At minimum, the attention to history and manner... (2005) well states, "white domination is never settled once 7 and for all; . . . [i]t is not a relation of power secured by slavery, Jim Crow, or job discrimination alone." Rather, ?it is constantly reestablished and reconstructed by whites from...

  10. Optimization Online - The Variational Inequality Approach for ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Igor Konnov

    2007-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Mar 23, 2007 ... Abstract: We consider a problem of managing a system of spatially distributed markets under capacity and balance constraints and show that ...

  11. Partition inequalities for capacitated survivable network design ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Survivability of the net- ...... is quite small. The columns under the heading Default show the performance of default. 23 ... The gap improvement shown here is.

  12. Mass inequality for the quark propagator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dean Lee; Richard Thomson

    2005-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

    We show that for any gauge-fixing scheme with positive semi-definite functional integral measure, the inverse correlation length of the quark propagator is bounded below by one-half the pion mass.

  13. A local model violating Bell's inequalities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Matzkin

    2009-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

    A model for two entangled systems in an EPR setting is shown to reproduce the quantum-mechanical outcomes and expectation values. Each system is represented by a small sphere containing a point-like particle embedded in a field. A quantum state appears as an equivalence class of several possible particle-field configurations. Contrarily to Bell-type hidden variables models, the fields account for the non-commutative aspects of the measurements and deny the simultaneous reality of incompatible physical quantities, thereby allowing to escape EPR's "completeness or locality" dilemma.

  14. Robust Network Design: Formulations, Valid Inequalities, and ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Aug 31, 2011 ... traffic demand has to be already taken into account in the strategic .... we analyze the robustness for realistic networks and a demand forecast ...

  15. Convexity and Inequality S. S. Kutateladze

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kutateladze, Semen Samsonovich

    edited the postmortem three volumes of the selected works of Luzin to the anniversary of the 70th years is a centenarian, and abstract convexity is much younger. Convexity traces back to the idea of a solid figure, Book XI Narrating solid geometry in Book XI, Euclid traveled from solid to surface: Definition 1

  16. Essays on housing, education, and inequality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shamsuddin, Shomon (Shomon Shamsuddin)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    According to standard economic theory, more people will obtain postsecondary education in response to the rising college wage premium. However, students from low income families remain less likely to earn a college degree ...

  17. Generalized Gauss Inequalities via Semidefinite Programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

    The signals are transmitted over a noisy communication channel and perturbed by ... For example, the green polytope represents the set of outputs so which are

  18. Equilibria, Supernetworks, and Evolutionary Variational Inequalities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagurney, Anna

    Demands Commodities with price-insensitive demand ­ gasoline, milk, etc. #12;The Behavior of Manufacturers;The Behavior of Retailers and their Optimality Conditions Retailer's optimization problem The optimality conditions of the retailers #12;Cons

  19. Strong Inequalities for Chance-Constrained Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ming Zhao

    2014-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Nov 8, 2014 ... Ming Zhao(mr.ming.zhao ***at*** ... distributions, the mixing set with $0-1$ knapsack has received considerable attentions in recent literature.

  20. A Dynamic Inequality Generation Scheme for Polynomial ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

    An extended abstract version of this paper has appeared in the Proceedings of ... For example, by taking advantage of the symmetry such as the work of Bai, ...

  1. Bound reduction using pairs of linear inequalities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

    (FBBT), developed originally for Artificial Intelligence [9] and Constraint Programming and then successfully employed in Nonlinear Programming [19] and ...

  2. The State and income inequality in Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Medeiros, Marcelo; Souza, Pedro H.G.F.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    do gasto social no Brasil. In: Castro JA, Ferreira HRS,da Política Social no Brasil. Brasília: Ipea; 2010. p. 109–R. Remuneração nos serviços no Brasil: o contraste entre

  3. Inviolable energy conditions from entanglement inequalities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lashkari, Nima; Sabella-Garnier, Philippe; Van Raamsdonk, Mark

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Via the AdS/CFT correspondence, fundamental constraints on the entanglement structure of quantum systems translate to constraints on spacetime geometries that must be satisfied in any consistent theory of quantum gravity. In this paper, we investigate such constraints arising from strong subadditivity and from the positivity and monotonicity of relative entropy in examples with highly-symmetric spacetimes. Our results may be interpreted as a set of energy conditions restricting the possible form of the stress-energy tensor in consistent theories of Einstein gravity coupled to matter.

  4. Algorithms for Bilevel Pseudomonotone Variational Inequality ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Page 1 ... Variational innequality (shortlyVI) is a fundamental topic in applied mathematics. VIs are used for formulating and solving various problems arising in

  5. Arms control is everyone`s business: The United States and the United Nations at the mid-point of the 1990`s

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lehman, R.F. II

    1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This presentation encourages current efforts in arms control, non- proliferation, and peacekeeping. Verification is heralded as a confidence building method to bring about more openness in international relations. It is purported that openness has already enhanced democratic forces around the world. The insistence on strict compliance with the decisions of the United Nations Security Council is a show of support for international law. It is recommended that international norms on human rights, non-proliferation, and non-aggression be strengthened.

  6. Minimizing Value-at-Risk in Single-Machine Scheduling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Oct 17, 2013 ... (2010) identify a family of valid inequalities to strengthen the ...... Lemmas 3.1 and 3.2 motivate an algorithm for solving (LSs) that hinges upon ranking the job ..... suffers from a phenomenon known as dual instability (Frangioni, ..... Table 1: Parameters and information related to the generation of the random ...

  7. Democracy and Economic Demands in Russia and Ukraine: Lessons for Democratic Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shulga, Mayia

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1994. “Political Values in Russia, Ukraine and Lithuania:Christensen, Paul T. 1999. Russia’s Workers in Transition:Democratisation: Evidence from Russia and Ukraine,” Europe-

  8. Can the Whole World Become Democratic? Democracy, Development, and International Policies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diamond, Larry

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    case of Seychelles and Suriname, very soon thereafter) butRica (1,2) Panama (1,2) Suriname (1,2) Bolivia (1,3) Chile (

  9. Democratic Accountability in International Relations: Domestic Pressures and Constraints for Coercive Foreign Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomson, Catarina 1980-

    2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    My dissertation contributes to the accountability literature in international relations by examining the role constituents' preferences can potentially play in fomenting or constraining coercive foreign policies in democracies. In times...

  10. (Article in the Tallahassee Democrat June 13, 2013) World-renowned scientist Kasha dies at 92

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McQuade, D. Tyler

    . In later years, he opposed pollution of Lake Bradford and three connecting lakes, the placement of acoustic guitars and the type of bridges used for the strings. Despite a variety of relationships

  11. Democratic Participation in the Discursive Management John C. Paolillo, SLIS and Informatics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Börner, Katy

    , participation does not appear to be organized into factions or interest groups, but rather there are distinct

  12. "When the saints go marching in" : sadhus in democratic politics in late 20th century India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pradhan, Rajesh Kumar

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This empirical study examines the political significance of religious leaders-known commonly as sadhus-in a huge and mature democracy like India. During the late '80s and the '90s, a flurry of sadhu activism coincided with ...

  13. Mobilizing the Grassroots from Above: Political Engagement among AIDS Associations in Democratic Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rich, Jessica A. J.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    seja nas relações governo/sociedade civil local. Entãosinalizador de como que o governo local está vendo essascivil se relaciona com o governo. Então para mim é, é onde

  14. Democratic Republic of Congo-ClimateWorks Low Carbon Growth Planning...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    they can also support global goals by providing national strategic context to the abatement and adaptation efforts for which countries receive international recognition."...

  15. Democratizing Design: New Challenges and Opportunities for Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fischer, Gerhard

    (creating "communities of learners" [Rogoff et al., 1998]), consumers and producers (creating "prosumers

  16. Democratic Republic of Congo-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Programme (UNDP), German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), Australian Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency...

  17. Citizens' evaluation of the president and democratic transition : determinants and effects of presidential approval in Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gomez Vilchis, Ricardo Roman

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Mexican state oil monopoly Pemex (Petróleos Mexicanos), wasMexican state oil monopoly Pemex (Petróleos Mexicanos), was

  18. Citizens' evaluation of the president and democratic transition : determinants and effects of presidential approval in Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gomez Vilchis, Ricardo Roman

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Baja California Sur .49 4. Campeche 5. Coahuila 6. Colima 7.3. Baja California Sur 4. Campeche 5. Coahuila 6. Colima 7.3. Baja California Sur 4. Campeche 5. Coahuila 6. Colima 7.

  19. Perpetuating the Party and Producing Propagandists: The Politics of Poetics in the Lao People's Democratic Republic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carroll, Charles

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    film are a black and white aerial footage montage documenting munitions being shot into and dropped upon villages, agricultural

  20. Democratizing formal politics : indigenous and social movement political parties in Ecuador and Bolivia, 1978-2000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Jennifer Noelle

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    4. Almeida Vinueza, José. 1993. Sismo étnico en el Ecuador :y levantamiento indigena." In Sismo Etnico en el Ecuador.

  1. Democracy and Economic Demands in Russia and Ukraine: Lessons for Democratic Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shulga, Mayia

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    s Workers in Transition: Labor, Management, and the States Workers in Transition: Labor, Management, and the States Workers in Transition: Labor, Management, and the State

  2. Democrat Hot Springs Resort Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address:011-DNA Jump to:52c8ff988c1 No38e4011f618bDeer Park,Dell Prairie,DeltaDemandDemarest,|

  3. Democratic Republic of Congo-ClimateWorks Low Carbon Growth Planning

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address:011-DNA Jump to:52c8ff988c1 No38e4011f618bDeer Park,Dell

  4. Democratic Republic of Congo-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address:011-DNA Jump to:52c8ff988c1 No38e4011f618bDeer Park,DellProgramme (LECBP) | Open Energy

  5. Democratic Republic of Congo-Forest Investment Program (FIP) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating Solar Power Basics (The following text09-0018-CXBasin JumpTexas

  6. Between soul and precision : Ernst Mach's biological empiricism and the social democratic philosophy of science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Charak, Gregory Scott

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    economy as capable of furthering this goal, which is why he calls it the “pacificatory, enlightening, and refining”

  7. Citizens' evaluation of the president and democratic transition : determinants and effects of presidential approval in Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gomez Vilchis, Ricardo Roman

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Level Presidential Approval in Mexico………………. …………. ……85 2.1.Political Geography of State Politics in Mexico……. ……. ….88across the States of Mexico………………100 2.4. The Variation of

  8. Democratizing formal politics : indigenous and social movement political parties in Ecuador and Bolivia, 1978-2000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Jennifer Noelle

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Un Siglo de Luchas Sociales." In Bolivia en el Siglo XX:La Formacion de la Bolivia Contemporanea, edited by FernandoLa Paz: Harvard Club de Bolivia, 427-450. Calla, Ricardo.

  9. Is the American Dream Still Attainable? Income Inequality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin at Madison, University of

    lost the greatest amount of wealth in absolute terms, but the 50th percentile lost the highest percentage of their wealth. And Now The wealthiest largely have recovered wealth lost in the recession: movement of children above the education, occupation, income, and assets of their parents Capital Income

  10. International labour migration and reproduction of inequalities: The Latinoamerican Case

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Julca, Alex

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Nicaragua, Panama, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay and Venezuela.of them (Argentina, Uruguay and Suriname). levels, lack of

  11. A limited memory algorithm for inequality constrained minimization 1 ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2003-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Oct 2, 2003 ... In Section 3, we give the estimates of the amount of memory and ...... 1603. 0,16. 639. 0,76. 20. MCCORMCK. 5000. 10000. 0. 20. 1,252. 8. 1,22.

  12. Quantum information, Bell inequalities and the no-signalling principle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pitalúa-García, Damián

    2014-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

    are not restricted to be in a finite set, but are constrained only by the angle ?. We motivate and explore the hypoth- esis that for a continuous range of ? > 0, the maximum correlation (anticorrelation) is obtained by assigning to one qubit the colouring with one... is the depolarizing map. It transforms a state ? ? D(Cd) as follows: E(?) = p I d + (1? p)?, (1.6) where p is the probability that ? is replaced by the completely mixed state Id . The depolarizing map is covariant. A covariant map Ecov is such that Ecov(U?U †) = UEcov...

  13. Whitened geographies and education inequalities in southern Chile

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Webb, Andrew; Radcliffe, Sarah A.

    2015-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

    to a European model of modernization and state building as a country “without Indians” (Mitnick 2004). As in Argentina and Uruguay, Chile viewed itself un-problematically as the inheritor of a whitened European ideal, whilst indigenous presence...

  14. Effect of Government Policies on Urban and Rural Income Inequality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perloff, Jeffrey M.

    al. (2001), although the impact of the recent welfare reform does not appear to differ greatly that the impact of welfare reform on employment and earnings in the rural areas is smaller than in the urban areas

  15. On the Circulant Inequalities for the Simple Plant Location Problem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Ann. Discr. Math., 5, 3–51. [4] E. Balas (1998) Disjunctive programming: Properties of the convex hull of feasible points. Discr. Appl. Math., 89, 3–44. [5] E. Balas ...

  16. The Maximum Flow Network Interdiction Problem: Valid Inequalities ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

    interdiction [12, 19], facility interdiction [6], and a variant of MFNIP where flow is routed before ..... A network interdiction model for hospital infection control.

  17. Exploitation of the Dissipation Inequality in General Relativistic Continuum Thermodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolfgang Muschik; Horst-Heino v. Borzeszkowski

    2015-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

    The balance equations of energy-momentum and spin together with Einstein's field equations are investigated by the Liu procedure to find constraints for the constitutive equations in such a way that the Second Law is satisfied. Special cases such as spinless systems and curvature insensitive materials are shortly discussed.

  18. The Intersection of Violence and Land Inequality in Modern Colombia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nelson, Laurence Gabriel

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Medina Gallego, Carlos. 1990. Autodefensas, Paramilitares Y2003. Paramilitares Y Autodefensas, 1982-2003. 1st edition.AND ABBREVIATIONS ACCU- Autodefensas Campesinas de Córdoba y

  19. INEQUALITY OF SECURITY: EXPLORING VIOLENT PLURALISM AND TERRITORY IN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Peter JS

    trafficking factions) are connected through cooperative, neutral or conflictual relationships and need

  20. Variational inequalities with lack of ellipticity. Part I

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    geometry, mathematical physics, and in the applied sciences. .... the energy, however, one cannot hope for full smoothness of the solution since we are now forced ... U n a future study we plan to analy”± e the regularity properties of the latter.

  1. VARIATIONAL INEQUALITIES WITH LACK OF ELLIPTICITY. PART I ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    geometry, mathematical physics, and in the applied sciences. .... the energy, however, one cannot hope for full smoothness of the solution since we are now forced ... In a future study we plan to analy&w e the regularity properties of the latter.

  2. SOME NONLINEAR DIFFERENTIAL INEQUALITIES AND AN APPLICATION TO H

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coffman, Adam

    structures of regularity C 0,# , 0 IPR]; it is known Date manifolds in Section 4 is very similar to that of [IPR]; we give the details for the convenience description than that of [IPR]. One of the steps in [IPR] is a Maximum Principle argument applied to a complex

  3. SOME NONLINEAR DIFFERENTIAL INEQUALITIES AND AN APPLICATION TO HOLDER CONTINUOUS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coffman, Adam

    . This generalizes the = 1 2 example of [IPR]; it is known Date: February 3, 2011. 2000 Mathematics Subject construction of the almost complex manifolds in Section 4 is very similar to that of [IPR]; we give the details quantitative description than that of [IPR]. One of the steps in [IPR] is a Maximum Principle argument applied

  4. Finance and Labor: Perspectives on Risk, Inequality, and Democracy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacoby, Sanford

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Finance, Corporate Governance, and the EmploymentEnjoying the Quiet Life? Corporate Governance and Managerialthe mechanisms of corporate governance. Corporate governance

  5. Strong Valid Inequalities for Orthogonal Disjunctions and Bilinear ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Sep 24, 2008 ... [12] I. Harjunkoski, T. Westerlund, R. Porn, and H. Skrifvars. Different transformations for solving non-convex trim-loss problems by MINLP.

  6. AN ALGEBRAIC PROOF OF ZAK'S INEQUALITY FOR THE ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ARon SImIs*, KAREn E. SmIth**, AnD BERnD UlRIch***. 1 . IntRoDuctIon. A classical theorem in complex algebraic geometry states that, for any smooth.

  7. AN ALGEBRAIC PROOF OF ZAK'S INEQUALITY FOR THE ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aron Simis*, Karen E. Smith**, and Bernd Ulrich***. 1 . Introduction. Let R be a standard graded domain over a field k and let ? ?k denote its mod- ule of K?ahler

  8. Von Neumann's Inequality and Dilation Theorem Jordan Hasler

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Junge, Marius

    on u : C(T) B(H). We can apply Stinespring to our positive map u. This tells us that u is completely. By the Stinespring theorem, there exists K H and *-homomorphism : C(T) B(K) with u(v) = P(v)|H for continuous

  9. Variational Inequalities with Lack of Ellipticity Part I

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xavier Cabre, Ernest Fontich, Rafael de la Llave

    1910-30-41T23:59:59.000Z

    Nov 1, 2001 ... to L. Caffarelli, of the theory of free boundaries. .... the commutativity of Dj and ?, the function v is harmonic. .... set where the solution is above the obstacle has uniform positive density ..... 6.2 of [16], and also the classical book.

  10. Optimization Online - Separation of Mixing Inequalities in a Mixed ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Philipp Christophel

    2008-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Jun 10, 2008 ... ... is supported by the Mathematical Programming Society and by the Optimization Technology Center. Mathematical Programming Society.

  11. Strong Branching Inequalities for Convex Mixed Integer Nonlinear ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Sep 3, 2011 ... the branch-and-bound tree for solving Mixed Integer Nonlinear ..... A complete proof of Lemma 1 can be found in the Ph.D. thesis of K?l?nç [24].

  12. Extreme point inequalities and geometry of the rank sparsity ball

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. Drusvyatskiy

    2014-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Jan 19, 2014 ... Abstract: We investigate geometric features of the unit ball corresponding to the sum of the nuclear norm of a matrix and the l_1 norm of its ...

  13. Symmetrical Multilevel Diversity Coding and Subset Entropy Inequalities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiang, Jinjing

    2013-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

    the tradeoff between system robustness and storage efficiency. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 2.1 The classical SMDC problem where a total of L independent discrete memoryless sources S1, . . . , SL are to be encoded by a total of L... of the sliding windows of length ? when the integers 1, . . . , L are circularly placed (clockwise) based on their natural order. 19 2.3 An example of hypergraph representation of a set U and its collections of subsets V. Here, the elements in U are vertices...

  14. Green function estimates and Harnack inequality for subordinate Brownian motions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vondraèek, Zoran

    Vondracek Department of Mathematics University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia Email: vondra@math.hr Abstract of this author is supported in part by a joint US-Croatia grant INT 0302167. The research of this author is supported in part by MZOS grant 0037107 of the Republic of Croatia and in part by a joint US-Croatia grant

  15. Conditional inequalities : American pure and applied mathematics, 1940-1975

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steingart, Alma

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study investigates the status of mathematical knowledge in mid-century America. It is motivated by questions such as: when did mathematical theories become applicable to a wide range of fields from medicine to the ...

  16. Accelerated Schemes For A Class of Variational Inequalities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yuyuan Chen

    2014-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Mar 17, 2014 ... Abstract: We propose a novel method, namely the accelerated mirror-prox (AMP) method, for computing the weak solutions of a class of ...

  17. Inexactness of SDP Relaxation and Valid Inequalities for Optimal ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Dec 18, 2014 ... One of the early works that popularizes this approach is [6]. ... Then, in Section 5, we begin work- .... Solid black curve is (10) containing.

  18. WHEN NATURE REBELS: INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION, CLIMATE CHANGE AND INEQUALITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    level rise, loss of biodiversity, productivity declines, warmer and drier climates or wetter regions is without a doubt now a widely accepted fact in the scientic community. Another commonly anticipated point eects. However, many poor regions either lack nances to abate or they do not emit enough to have any

  19. MOMENT BOUNDS AND CONCENTRATION INEQUALITIES FOR SLOWLY MIXING DYNAMICAL SYSTEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    continuous functions with zero average typically satisfy the central limit theorem, and grow like n in [CG12, MT12b], all results described here pass over to the situation of invertible systems and flows. The research of IM was supported in part by the European Advanced Grant StochExtHomog (ERC AdG 320977). 1 hal

  20. Robust counterparts of inequalities containing sums of maxima of ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Page 1 ... Tilburg University, Department of Econometrics and Operations Research, 5000 LE Tilburg, Netherlands. {b.l.gorissen,d.denhertog}@