The Representational Sources of Political Inequality
Hayes, Thomas J.
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Barro, Robert J. 2000. “Inequality and Growth in a Panel ofand the Generation of Inequality. Oxford: Clarendon Press.Martin. 2005. “Inequality and Democratic Responsiveness. ”
2007-01-08T23:59:59.000Z
CHAPTER 2. Inequalities. In this section we add the axioms describe the behavior of inequal- ities (the order axioms) to the list of axioms begun in Chapter 1.
cbailey
2014-08-15T23:59:59.000Z
Inequalities can be expressed in the following three ways. 1. With an inequality symbol ) , , ,(?. ?. 2. With a number line graph. 3. Using interval notation.
Manage the Margins: Three Essays on Effective Policymaking for Social Inequality in Health
Zhu, Ling
2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z
This dissertation includes three studies, devoted to trying to understand inequality in health between people from different social groups in a democratic society. In the U.S., social inequality in health takes various forms and the key...
Democratic Quality in Stable Democracies
Lijphart, Arend
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
MEASURING DEMOCRACY Democratic Quality in Stable Democraciesto measure democratic quality in terms of the purpose of1971). Measuring the quality of democracy requires two prior
cbailey
2014-08-15T23:59:59.000Z
Inequalities can be expressed in the following three ways. 1. With an inequality symbol ) , , ,(?. ?. 2. With a number line graph. 3. Using interval notation.
Inequality and Equity, Overview
Appelbaum, Richard P.
2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
political science urban inequality as a result of economicU, architecture and ICT and inequality; housing, urban andcrime U UCSB geography GIS UCSB sociology urban inequality
Tusnady's inequality revisited
Carter, Andrew V; Pollard, David
2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
32 111–131. TUSNÁDY’S INEQUALITY REVISITED M AJOR , P. (Statistics, 2004 TUSNÁDY’S INEQUALITY REVISITED B Y A NDREWYale University Tusnády’s inequality is the key ingredient
Dispersion strengthened copper
Sheinberg, H.; Meek, T.T.; Blake, R.D.
1990-01-09T23:59:59.000Z
A composition of matter is described which is comprised of copper and particles which are dispersed throughout the copper, where the particles are comprised of copper oxide and copper having a coating of copper oxide. A method for making this composition of matter is also described. This invention relates to the art of powder metallurgy and, more particularly, it relates to dispersion strengthened metals.
Light Rail Transit Strengthening
Minnesota, University of
Light Rail Transit Improving mobility Easing congestion Strengthening our communities Central Corridor Communicating to the Public During Major Construction May 25, 2011 #12;2 Light Rail Transit;Light Rail Transit Central Corridor Route and Stations 3 · 18 new stations · 9.8 miles of new double
Democrat Hot Springs Resort Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal...
Democrat Hot Springs Resort Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Democrat Hot Springs Resort Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal...
Inequality, Coalitions and Collective Action
Bardhan, Pranab; Singh, Nirvikar
2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Paper No. E04-339 Inequality, Coalitions and CollectiveSanta Cruz Keywords: inequality, self-enforcing, collectivecoalitions) and underlying inequality in the distribution of
Inequality, Coalitions and Collective Action
Bardhan, Pranab; Singh, Nirvikar
2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Inequality, Coalitions and Collective Action Pranab K.coalitions) and underlying inequality in the distribution ofO10, P0 Key Words: inequality, self-enforcing, collective
Peru-GEF Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions in the Energy...
of regional and global partners." Program Focus The program will focus on reducing poverty and inequality, strengthening democratic governance, increasing disaster preparedness...
Dominican Republic-Regional Programme for LAC: Support for the...
of regional and global partners." Program Focus The program will focus on reducing poverty and inequality, strengthening democratic governance, increasing disaster preparedness...
Dominican Republic-Support for the Preparation of National Climate...
of regional and global partners." Program Focus The program will focus on reducing poverty and inequality, strengthening democratic governance, increasing disaster preparedness...
Costa Rica-Regional Programme for LAC: Preparation of Sectoral...
of regional and global partners." Program Focus The program will focus on reducing poverty and inequality, strengthening democratic governance, increasing disaster preparedness...
Neutrino mass matrices with a democratic texture
Kleppe, A. [Dep. of Mathematical Physics, LTH, Box 118, 22100 Lund (Sweden)
1997-06-15T23:59:59.000Z
The structure of the neutrino mass matrices is investigated, in a scheme where the minimal three-family Standard Model is extended by including right-handed neutrinos. No assumption is made about the presence of a large mass scale, like in the see-saw scheme. Certain peculiar features of the usual democratic mass matrix are investigated, and used to define matrices with a 'democratic texture'. By demanding that the neutrino mass matrices have a specific form with such a democratic texture, Majorana mass spectra with three massless (light) neutrinos and either two or three massive neutrinos, are obtained.
Strengthening Relationships Between Energy Programs and Housing...
Strengthening Relationships Between Energy Programs and Housing Programs Strengthening Relationships Between Energy Programs and Housing Programs Better Buildings Residential...
Mitroi, F C
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The aim of this paper is to present some new Fejer-type results for convex functions. Improvements of Young's inequality (the arithmetic-geometric mean inequality) and other applications to special means are pointed as well.
Democracy, Redistribution and Inequality
Acemoglu, Daron
2013-10-30T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper we revisit the relationship between democracy, redistribution and inequality. We first explain the theoretical reasons why democracy is expected to increase redistribution and reduce inequality, and why this ...
Strengthening regional safeguards
Palhares, L.; Almeida, G.; Mafra, O. [Brazilian-Argentine Agency for Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)] [and others
1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z
Nuclear cooperation between Argentina and Brazil has been growing since the early 1980`s and as it grew, so did cooperation with the US Department of Energy (DOE). The Brazilian-Argentine Agency for Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials (ABACC) was formed in December 1991 to operate the Common System of Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials (SCCC). In April 1994, ABACC and the DOE signed an Agreement of Cooperation in nuclear material safeguards. This cooperation has included training safeguards inspectors, exchanging nuclear material measurement and containment and surveillance technology, characterizing reference materials, and studying enrichment plant safeguards. The goal of the collaboration is to exchange technology, evaluate new technology in Latin American nuclear facilities, and strengthen regional safeguards. This paper describes the history of the cooperation, its recent activities, and future projects. The cooperation is strongly supported by all three governments: the Republics of Argentina and Brazil and the United States.
Chebotarev, Pavel
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
For a weighted multidigraph, let $f_{ij}$ be the total weight of spanning converging forests that have vertex $i$ in a tree converging to $j$. We prove that $f_{ij}f_{jk}=f_{ik}f_{jj}$ if and only if every directed path from $i$ to $k$ contains $j$ (a graph bottleneck equality). Otherwise, $f_{ij}f_{jk}inequality). In a companion paper, this inequality provides the foundation for the construction of a new family of graph distances by ensuring the fulfillment of the triangle inequality. This stems from the fact that the graph bottleneck inequality is a multiplicative analogue of the triangle inequality for proximities.
Beyond Ethnicity: African Protests in an Age of Inequality
Mueller, Lisa
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Tolerance for Inequality . . . . . . . . . . . CollectiveInequality inDoes Inequality Cause Conflict in
Patrick Devlin
2014-05-12T23:59:59.000Z
1. MA 15300 Lesson 15. Inequality: - a statement that two quantities or expressions are not necessarily equal. - an inequality can be expressed using any of the ...
Classical exponential inequalities Main results
Bercu, Bernard
on left or on right A keystone lemma New exponential inequalities 3 Statistical application B. Bercu and A results Heavy on left or on right A keystone lemma New exponential inequalities 3 Statistical application~na's inequalities 2 Main results Heavy on left or on right A keystone lemma New exponential inequalities 3
Clive Emary; Neill Lambert; Franco Nori
2014-01-30T23:59:59.000Z
In contrast to the spatial Bell's inequalities, which probe entanglement between spatially-separated systems, the Leggett-Garg inequalities test the correlations of a single system measured at different times. Violation of a genuine Leggett-Garg test implies either the absence of a realistic description of the system or the impossibility of measuring the system without disturbing it. Quantum mechanics violates the inequalities on both accounts and the original motivation for these inequalities was as a test for quantum coherence in macroscopic systems. The last few years has seen a number of experimental tests and violations of these inequalities in a variety of microscopic systems such as superconducting qubits, nuclear spins, and photons. In this article, we provide an introduction to the Leggett-Garg inequalities and review these latest experimental developments. We discuss important topics such as the significance of the non-invasive measurability assumption, the clumsiness loophole, and the role of weak measurements. Also covered are some recent theoretical proposals for the application of Leggett-Garg inequalities in quantum transport, quantum biology and nano-mechanical systems.
Earth Matter Effect on Democratic Neutrinos
Dmitry Zhuridov
2014-08-30T23:59:59.000Z
The neutrino propagation through the Earth is investigated in the framework of the democratic neutrino theory. In this theory the neutrino mixing angle theta-1-3 is approximately determined, which allows one to make a well defined neutrino oscillogram driven by the 1-3 mixing in the matter of the Earth. Significant differences in this oscillogram from the case of models with relatively small theta-1-3 are discussed.
Review: Eating Together: Food, Friendship, and Inequality
Laberge, Yves
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Food, Friendship, and Inequality By Alice P. Julier ReviewedFood, Friendship, and Inequality. Champaign, IL: UniversityFood, Friendship, and Inequality, sociologist Alice P.
Mapping global health inequalities: challenges and opportunities
Tugwell, Peter; Robinson, Vivian; Morris, Erin
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
M.P. (2004). Health Inequalities: Concepts, Frameworks anddevelopment goal affect inequalities between the poorest andestablishments and health inequalities in England: modeling
Enduring Legacy? Charles Tilly and Durable Inequality
Voss, Kim
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Charles Tilly’s durable inequality. Comparative Studies inThe relational basis of inequality: generic and contingentA. , & Voss, K. (1996). Inequality by design: Cracking the
The State and income inequality in Brazil
Medeiros, Marcelo; Souza, Pedro H.G.F.
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
J. Welfare states and inequality: Institutional designs andMexico: Impacts upon Inequality. Estudios Económicos. 2009;S. Remittances and Inequality. The Economic The State and
A Rearrangement Inequality for Diffusion Processes /
Gao, Teng
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
of the Rearrangement Inequality and its Proba- bilisticRearrangement Inequality . . . . . . 4.5 Some ObservationsSAN DIEGO A Rearrangement Inequality for Diffusion Processes
Inequality and Equity, Introduction and Position Papers
Center for Spatially Integrated Social Science, UCSB
2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
theories of poverty and inequality.Space has been a coredescriptions of inequality, dissimilarity, segregation, orSpecialist Meeting on Inequality and Equity Santa Barbara,
Income inequality, tax base and sovereign spreads
Aizenman, Joshua; Jinjarak, Yothin
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
R. Tiongson, 2006, “Income inequality and redistributive2011, “Pre-industrial inequality,” Economic Journal, 121:255-272. Table 1: Income Inequality and Fiscal Space. This
Visualizing Global Inequality on the Web
Meyers, Ian; Lodha, S K; Crow, Ben D; Fulfrost, Brian
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
on Mapping Global Inequality, University of California,Visualizing Global Inequality on the Web Ian Myers 1 ,for mapping global inequality by (i) creating a simple user
Income inequality, tax base and sovereign spreads
Aizenman, Joshua; Jinjarak, Yothin
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
R. Tiongson, 2006, “Income inequality and redistributive2009), “Chapter 6: Inequality Measures,” in Handbookon Poverty and Inequality, pp. 101-120, published by World
Inequality and Growth: Why Differential Fertility Matters
de la Croix, David; Doepke, Matthias
2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Barro, Robert J. 2000. “Inequality and Growth in a Panel of1–25. Benabou, Roland. 1996. “Inequality and Growth. ” NBER1996. “Measuring Income Inequality: A New Database. ”
Background Report on Eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo
Warren, Tracy A [ORNL
2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z
Each month, approximately 45,000 people die from violence, hunger, disease, and other effects of displacement as a result of war in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). The country is often said to be plagued by a 'resource curse.' During each period in history since its discovery by the West, the DRC has possessed the resources the world craves and the world has sought these without regard for the consequences to the Congolese people. The catastrophic consequences of Congo's history of natural resource exploitation are the direct and indirect death of millions of Congolese people. The current war in Congo is multi-causal in nature but explanations are often reduced to describing it as an ethic conflict based on objective grievance. Objective grievance such as inequality, ethnic tensions, land disputes, and lack of democracy do exist, but they are neither necessary nor sufficient to explain the cause of the violent conflict, and more importantly, they fall short in explaining why this conflict has continued for years. The reality is the conflict is an economic war in which the trade of conflict minerals, gold and the 3Ts (tin, tantalum, tungsten), is directly linked to the financial sustainability of the groups fighting each other in eastern DRC. Objective grievance is a by-product of the conflict, used to create a false but plausible moral justification to continue violence. This paper examines the history of conflict in the DRC and the socio-economic variables contributing to the current war fought over conflict minerals.
Sobolev, Poincaré and isoperimetric inequalities for subelliptic ...
Bumsik Kim This is based on a joint work by F. Baudoin and B. Kim
2013-04-23T23:59:59.000Z
?1 >. Sobolev, Poincaré and isoperimetric inequalities for subelliptic diffusion operators satisfying a generalized curvature dimension inequality. Bumsik Kim.
BURKHOLDER INEQUALITIES FOR SUBMARTINGALES, BESSEL ...
2011-11-20T23:59:59.000Z
inequality to the case when d > 1 is not an integer, which has further inter- ... Here we recall the celebrated inequality first proved by Burkholder in [11] in the.
Alternative Proofs of Ten Inequalities
Adilsultan Lepes
2014-12-06T23:59:59.000Z
This article offers different proofs of ten inequalities from those already published. So that the readers can see for themselves, the tasks specified in the condition of the source and classical inequalities which used in previously published proofs.
Negotiation and deliberation in Mexico's democratization process : six cases of legal reform
Hernandez, Mara I. (Mara Isabel Hernandez Estrada)
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This dissertation identifies political practices that increase negotiation effectiveness and democratic legitimacy simultaneously, as key enabling factors for democratization from within a hybrid regime. This finding runs ...
Epstein-Corbin, Sean
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Evasion of Philosophy: A Genealogy of Pragmatism. Madison,Democratizing Virtue: A Genealogy of the Liberal SubjectDemocratizing Virtue: A Genealogy of the Liberal Subject
BLEI'S INEQUALITY AND COORDINATEWISE MULTIPLE SUMMING OPERATORS
Sinnamon, Gordon J.
BLEI'S INEQUALITY AND COORDINATEWISE MULTIPLE SUMMING OPERATORS DUMITRU POPA AND GORD SINNAMON are proved. When specialized to single-function inequalities they include a pair of inequalities due to Blei and a recent extension of Blei's inequality. The first of these inequalities is applied to give explicit
27 The Strategic Significance of Global InequalityThe Strategic Significance of Global InequalityThe Strategic Significance of Global InequalityThe Strategic Significance of Global InequalityThe Strategic
A Virtuous Cycle: Tracing Democratic Quality through Equality
Ross, Ashley Dyan
2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z
This dissertation asks the question: How do democracies improve in quality? Building on previous scholarship, the author offers a theoretical framework that traces democratic quality through equality of outcomes. The ...
Research on Second Language Acquisition: A Democratic Educational Concept
Lara-Alecio, Rafael; Irby, Beverly J.
2010-10-22T23:59:59.000Z
/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1 WORKING PAPER Research on Second Language Acquisition 1 Running head: RESEARCH ON SECOND LANGUAGE ACQUISITION Research on Second Language Acquisition: A Democratic Educational Concept Rafael Lara-Alecio, Ph... Research on Second Language Acquisition: A Democratic Educational Concept There are four issues and levels of significance regarding research on second language acquisition in the areas of economy, best educational practices, lack of research...
Remarks on the Obrechkoff inequality
Remarks on the Obrechkoff inequality. Alexandre Eremenko? and Alexander Fryntov. January 25, 2015. Abstract. Let u be the logarithmic potential of a ...
Remarks on the Obrechkoff inequality
2015-08-26T23:59:59.000Z
Remarks on the Obrechkoff inequality. Alexandre Eremenko? and Alexander Fryntov. January 25, 2015. Abstract. Let u be the logarithmic potential of a ...
On the infimum convolution inequality
LataÅ?a, RafaÅ?
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In the paper we study the infimum convolution inequalites. Such an inequality was first introduced by B. Maurey to give the optimal concentration of measure behaviour for the product exponential measure. We show how IC-inequalities are tied to concentration and study the optimal cost functions for an arbitrary probability measure. In particular, we show the optimal IC-inequality for product log-concave measures and for uniform measures on the l_p^n balls. Such an optimal inequality implies, for a given measure, in particular the Central Limit Theorem of Klartag and the tail estimates of Paouris.
On extremizers for adjoint Fourier restriction inequalities and a result in incidence geometry
Quilodran, Rene
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
inequalities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.6 Arestriction inequality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.4Fourier restriction inequality . . . . . . . . . . 1.3 The
Normal Scalar Curvature Inequalities Normal Scalar Curvature
Lu, Zhiqin
Scalar Curvature Inequalities Introduction In 1999, De Smet, Dillen, Verstraelen and Vrancken (DDVV, F. Dillen, L. Verstraelen, and L. Vrancken, A pointwise inequality in submanifold theory, Arch. Math
ACTION ITEMS STRENGTHENING THE PHYSICS ENTERPRISE
Lozano-Robledo, Alvaro
1 ACTION ITEMS STRENGTHENING THE PHYSICS ENTERPRISE IN UNIVERSITIES AND NATIONAL LABORATORIES MAY 6 that make demeaning or snide comments, you will find the rewards are great. "Judy Franz, APS #12;3 EXECUTIVE: ACTION ITEMS ..........................................................................5 Physics
Characterization of microstructural strengthening in the heat...
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
microstructural strengthening in the heat-affected zone of a blast-resistant naval steel Home Author: X. Yu, J. Caron, S. S. Babu, J. C. Lippold, D. Isheim, D. N. Seidman Year:...
DOE GC Joins Customs Service Trade Data System to Strengthen...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
GC Joins Customs Service Trade Data System to Strengthen Enforcement Effort DOE GC Joins Customs Service Trade Data System to Strengthen Enforcement Effort February 14, 2011 -...
DOE Strengthens Public Registry to Track Greenhouse Gas Emissions...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Strengthens Public Registry to Track Greenhouse Gas Emissions DOE Strengthens Public Registry to Track Greenhouse Gas Emissions April 17, 2006 - 10:20am Addthis Announces Revised...
Energy Department Announces $13 Million to Strengthen Local Solar...
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
Million to Strengthen Local Solar Markets and Spur Solar Deployment Across the United States Energy Department Announces 13 Million to Strengthen Local Solar Markets and Spur...
INEQUALITIES FOR LORENTZ POLYNOMIALS Tamas Erdelyi
ErdÃ©lyi, TamÃ¡s
-type inequality" usually means a pointwise estimate for the derivative. Markov- and Bernstein- type inequalitiies
Economic Growth and Inequality: Drawing the
von der Heydt, Rüdiger
and policies in later sessions #12;Economic Growth and Inequality: The Famous Kuznets Curve #12;Income Inequality #12;The New Kuznets Curve #12;Income Inequality #12;From Income Inequality to Health #12;Percent the Channels) #12;Kuznets Curves for Socially Determined Health Outcomes David Bishai, MD,MPH, PhD Professor
Hispanic Poverty and Inequality Grant Competition Stanford Center on Poverty and Inequality
Li, Fei-Fei
Hispanic Poverty and Inequality Grant Competition Stanford Center on Poverty and Inequality Request for Proposals The Stanford Center on Poverty and Inequality (CPI), a National Poverty Research Center funded by the Office
Finance and Labor: Perspectives on Risk, Inequality, and Democracy
Jacoby, Sanford
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Thomas Piketty, “Income Inequality in France,1901- 1998”how growth is hampered by inequality. George Clarke etal. , “Finance and Income Inequality: What Do the Data Tell
Income Inequality and Mortality: The Costa RIcan Case
Modrek, Sepideh
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The Afflictions of Inequality. London: Routledge. Wilkinson,K. E. (2006). Income inequality and population health: AJ. (2005). Neighbourhood inequality, neighbourhood affluence
Income Inequality and Population Health in Geographic Perspective
Shin, Michael E.
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
S. (2004). Health and Inequality London: Sage Deininger,set measuring income inequality. World Bank Economic Review,Mortality and income inequality among economically developed
Hypoelliptic heat kernel inequalities on H-type groups
Eldredge, Nathaniel Gilbert Bartsch
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Hypoelliptic heat kernel inequalities on the HeisenbergHypoelliptic heat kernel inequalities on Lie groups. PhDHypoelliptic heat kernel inequalities on H-type groups A
On a concentration inequality for sums of independent isotropic vectors
Cranston, Michael Craig; Molchanov, Stanislav Alekseevich
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Hoeffding. Probability inequalities for sums of boundedMarek Kanter. Probability inequalities for convex sets andOn a concentration inequality for sums of independent
Inequality in Political Participation: Contemporary Patterns in European Countries
Gallego, Aina
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Journal of Economic Inequality, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 51-65.Rising Political Inequality in Established Democracies:M. (2005). "Shifting Inequalities? Patterns of Exclusion and
International labour migration and reproduction of inequalities: The Latinoamerican Case
Julca, Alex
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
featart/nov2007/Global_Inequality.pdf Inter-AmericanK. 2007. Global inequality and global macroeconomics, inIADB) 1998. “Labor Income Inequality and Education,” Facing
Trade unions, inequality, and democracy in the US and Mexico
Tilly, Chris
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
1993. Uneven Tides: Rising Inequality in America, New York:2003. Unions and wage inequality in Mexico. ” Industrial andBruce. 2006. Punishment and Inequality in America. New York:
Conjectured inequality for subharmonic functions
2015-04-04T23:59:59.000Z
Conjectured inequality for subharmonic functions. A. Eremenko. April 4, 2015. Let u1,u2,u3 be three subharmonic functions in the plane, and uj(0) = 0, 1 ? j ? 3 ...
Executive Order 13423: Strengthening Federal Environmental, Energy, and Transportation Management
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
Full text of Executive Order 13423: Strengthening Federal Environmental, Energy, and Transportation Management.
Zhigilei, Leonid V.
, Strengthening Why metals could be plastically deformed? Why the plastic deformation properties could be changed and Strengthening Mechanisms What is happening in material during plastic deformation? Chapter Outline Dislocations and Plastic Deformation Motion of dislocations in response to stress Slip Systems Plastic deformation
Zhigilei, Leonid V.
Chapter 7, Strengthening Why metals could be plastically deformed? Why the plastic deformation properties and Strengthening Mechanisms What is happening in material during plastic deformation? Chapter Outline Dislocations and Plastic Deformation Motion of dislocations in response to stress Slip Systems Plastic deformation
Bridging the Divide in Democratic Engagement: Studying Conversation Patterns in
Ramakrishnan, Naren
, where there is a concentration of poverty, are both less likely to exhibit these democratic behaviors compare informal conversational activity that takes place online in communities of high and low poverty of i-Neighbors by poverty level, and apply our algorithm to six neighborhoods (three economically
Pro-Trade Democrats Go AWOL (NYT) 639 words
Lopez-Carr, David
Pro-Trade Democrats Go AWOL (NYT) 639 words Published: June 13, 2005 Back in 1993, Vice President Al Gore went on prime-time television to debate Ross Perot, a foe of free trade, in a clash Mr. Gore is widely believed to have won. The debate helped propel supporters of the North American Free Trade
Quantum marginal inequalities and the conjectured entropic inequalities
Lin Zhang; Hongjin He; Yuan-hong Tao
2015-03-30T23:59:59.000Z
A conjecture -- \\emph{the modified super-additivity inequality} of relative entropy -- was proposed in \\cite{Zhang2012}: There exist three unitary operators $U_A\\in \\unitary{\\cH_A},U_B\\in \\unitary{\\cH_B}$, and $U_{AB}\\in \\unitary{\\cH_A\\ot \\cH_B}$ such that $$ \\rS(U_{AB}\\rho_{AB}U^\\dagger_{AB}||\\sigma_{AB}) \\geqslant \\rS(U_A\\rho_AU^\\dagger_A||\\sigma_A) + \\rS(U_B\\rho_BU^\\dagger_B||\\sigma_B), $$ where the reference state $\\sigma$ is required to be full-ranked. A numerical study on the conjectured inequality is conducted in this note. The results obtained indicate that the modified super-additivity inequality of relative entropy seems to hold for all qubit pairs.
The Social Reproduction of Systemic Racial Inequality
Mueller, Jennifer C
2013-08-09T23:59:59.000Z
The racial wealth gap is a deeply inexorable indicator of inequality. Today the average family of color holds only six cents of wealth for every dollar owned by whites. What accounts for such stubborn inequality in an era ...
The State and income inequality in Brazil
Medeiros, Marcelo; Souza, Pedro H.G.F.
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Cash Transfers in Brazil, Chile and Mexico: Impacts uponand income inequality in Brazil Journal. 1986;96(383):722–the inequality levels in Brazil would be much higher than
Functional inequalities for subelliptic diffusion operators via ...
Fabrice Baudoin
2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z
Apr 16, 2012 ... The curvature dimension inequality on Riemannian manifolds. In Riemannian geometry the Ricci tensor plays a fundamental role.
Isoperimetric Inequalities in Probability, Geometry, and PDE's
Rodrigo Bauelos,
2005-05-18T23:59:59.000Z
Nov 6, 2004 ... Isoperimetric Inequalities [1]. George Pólya, Mathematics and Plausible Reasoning (1954): “The isoperimetric theorem, deeply rooted in our.
A coarse entropy-rigidity theorem and discrete length-volume inequalities
Kinneberg, Kyle Edward
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A discrete length-volume inequality . . . . . . . .v 3 Length-volume inequalities revisitedlength-volume inequality for cubes . . . . . . . . . . . .
Urban health and health inequalities
Urban health and health inequalities and the role of urban forestry in Britain: A review Liz O'Brien Kathryn Williams Amy Stewart 2010 #12;Urban health and woodlands Contents Executive Summary 4 1.1.3 Definition of terms 9 3. The policy context: health and forestry policies 11 3.1 Health policies 11 3
The Nexus of Democratization: Guanxi and Governance in Taiwan and the PRC
Solinger, Dorothy
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Democratization in China and Taiwan (Oxford: ClarendonCivil Associations in Taiwan, Hong Kong and South China, inCrafting Democracy in Taiwan (Taipei: Institute for National
Strengthening northern New Mexico's tribal economies
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5(Million Cubic Feet) Oregon (Including Vehicle Fuel) (MillionStructural Basis of Wnt Recognition by Frizzled5I Assessment ofStreet LegalStrengthening
Democratic Republic of Congo-REDD Programme | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousPlasmaP a g eWorks -09-0018-CX Jump to:Dasa Jump to: navigation, searchDemand charge schedule dataDemocratic
Energy Inequalities in Quantum Field Theory
Christopher J. Fewster
2005-01-31T23:59:59.000Z
Quantum fields are known to violate all the pointwise energy conditions of classical general relativity. We review the subject of quantum energy inequalities: lower bounds satisfied by weighted averages of the stress-energy tensor, which may be regarded as the vestiges of the classical energy conditions after quantisation. Contact is also made with thermodynamics and related issues in quantum mechanics, where such inequalities find analogues in sharp Gaarding inequalities.
Halanay type inequalities on time scales
Ad\\ivar, Murat
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This paper aims to introduce Halanay type inequalities on time scales. By means of these inequalities we derive new global stability conditions for nonlinear dynamic equations on time scales. Giving several examples we show that beside generalization and extension to q-difference case, our results also provide improvements for the existing theory regarding differential and difference inequalites, which are the most important particular cases of dynamic inequalities on time scales.
Insiders and Outsiders: Does Forbidding Sexual Harassment Exacerbate Gender Inequality?
Chen, Daniel L.
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
2005. “Rising Wage Inequality: The Role of Composition andTechnology and U.S. Wage Inequality: A Brief Look. ” FederalHarassment Exacerbate Gender Inequality? Daniel L. Chen and
Burgess Inequality In $${\\mathbb {F}_{p^2}}$$
Chang, Mei-Chu
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
of ?. GAFA BURGESS INEQUALITY IN F p 2 Proof. First weSpringerlink.com BURGESS INEQUALITY IN F p 2 Mei-Chu Changelds. More precisely, an inequality of this type is obtained
The Inequality-Satisfiability problem Dorit S. Hochbaum
Hochbaum, Dorit S.
The Inequality-Satisfiability problem Dorit S. Hochbaum Department of Industrial Engineering as inequality-clauses or i-clauses), each of which contains up to k n-variable inequalities; the problem
Linear rank inequalities on five or more variables
Dougherty, Randall; Zeger, Kenneth
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Ranks of subspaces of vector spaces satisfy all linear inequalities satisfied by entropies (including the standard Shannon inequalities) and an additional inequality due to Ingleton. It is known that the Shannon and Ingleton inequalities generate all such linear rank inequalities on up to four variables, but it has been an open question whether additional inequalities hold for the case of five or more variables. Here we give a list of 24 inequalities which, together with the Shannon and Ingleton inequalities, generate all linear rank inequalities on five variables. We also give a partial list of linear rank inequalities on six variables and general results which produce such inequalities on an arbitrary number of variables; we prove that there are essentially new inequalities at each number of variables beyond four (a result also proved recently by Kinser).
An equivalent form of Young's inequality with upper bound
E. Minguzzi
2008-08-05T23:59:59.000Z
Young's integral inequality is complemented with an upper bound to the remainder. The new inequality turns out to be equivalent to Young's inequality, and the cases in which the equality holds become particularly transparent in the new formulation.
ARAKELOV INEQUALITIES FOR FAMILIES OF ABELIAN ...
2014-11-25T23:59:59.000Z
ARAKELOV INEQUALITIES FOR FAMILIES OF ABELIAN. VARIETIES AFTER DELIGNE, VIEHWEG, ZUO. DONU ARAPURA. Talk at IAS, Nov 25, 2014. I want to ...
SHARP INEQUALITIES FOR POSITIVE FUNCTIONS 1. Introduction ...
1910-50-11T23:59:59.000Z
SHARP INEQUALITIES FOR POSITIVE FUNCTIONS. JOHNNY E. BROWN. This paper is dedicated to Peter L. Duren on the occasion of his 70th birthday.
WEIGHTED NORM INEQUALITIES FOR FRACTIONAL MAXIMAL ...
2013-11-19T23:59:59.000Z
Lp ? Lq-norm inequalities for fractional maximal operators on Rd, with the constants of optimal order. To introduce the necessary background and notation, let 0 ...
Log-Sobolev inequalities for subelliptic operators
Fabrice Baudoin
2012-02-07T23:59:59.000Z
Log-Sobolev inequalities for subelliptic operators. Fabrice Baudoin. Purdue University. Georgia Tech Probability Seminar. Based on a joint work with M.
Bell Inequalities for Quantum Optical Fields
Marek Zukowski; Marcin Wiesniak; Wieslaw Laskowski
2015-06-29T23:59:59.000Z
We show that the "practical" Bell inequalities, which use intensities as the observed variables, commonly used in quantum optics and widely accepted in the community, suffer from an inherent loophole, which severely limits the range of local hidden variable theories of light, which are invalidated by their violation. We present alternative inequalities which do not suffer from any (theoretical) loophole. The new inequalities use redefined correlation functions, which involve averaged products of local rates rather than intensities. Surprisingly, the new inequalities detect entanglement in situations in which the "practical" ones fail. Thus, we have two for the price on one: full consistency with Bell's Theorem, and better device-independent detection of entanglement.
Violation of Bell's inequality in fluid mechanics
Robert Brady; Ross Anderson
2013-05-28T23:59:59.000Z
We show that a classical fluid mechanical system can violate Bell's inequality because the fluid motion is correlated over large distances.
IZA DP No. 2119 Punishment, Inequality and Emotions
Boyer, Edmond
the punisher and the target, and one in which it does not affect inequality. We show that while inequality-aversion
RIEMANN'S INEQUALITY AND RIEMANN-ROCH Fix a compact ...
2013-11-14T23:59:59.000Z
RIEMANN'S INEQUALITY AND RIEMANN-ROCH. DONU ARAPURA. Fix a compact connected Riemann surface X of genus g. Riemann's inequality gives a
An embedding theorem and the Harnack inequality for nonlinear ...
2007-11-09T23:59:59.000Z
Nov 9, 2007 ... INEQUALITY FOR NONLINEAR SUBELLIPTIC EQUATIONS ... subelliptic spaces S1+; b) To prove a Harnack type inequality for nonnegative.
A Fefferman–Phong Type Inequality and Applications to Quasilinear ...
2002-02-07T23:59:59.000Z
We establish a nonlocal generalization of a well-known inequality by C. Fefferman and ... Key words: Fefferman–Phong inequality, Morrey spaces, subelliptic ...
Hardy–Sobolev Type Inequalities with Sharp Constants in Carnot ...
2010-06-22T23:59:59.000Z
nonlinear case p = 2. We also obtain a sharp inequality of Hardy–Sobolev type. Keywords Hardy type inequalities·Carnot groups·Carnot–Carathéodory spaces·.
ON A REAL ANALOGUE OF BEZOUT INEQUALITY AND THE ...
2014-07-12T23:59:59.000Z
Jul 12, 2014 ... Failure of the naive version of Bezout inequality over the reals. 5 .... over real closed fields where the original statement of the inequality does.
Finance and Labor: Perspectives on Risk, Inequality, and Democracy
Jacoby, Sanford
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
George Clarke et al. , “Finance and Income Inequality: WhatKunt, and Ross Levine, “Finance, Inequality, and the Poor,”10 Journal of Empirical Finance (2003); Pinelopi Goldberg
Key Practical Issues in Strengthening Safety Culture, INSAG-15
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Key Pratical Issues in Strengthening Safety Culture, INSAG-15. A report by the International Nuclear Safety Advisory Gorup, International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, 2002.
Department of Energy Announces $39 Million to Strengthen University...
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
51 Projects Aim to Cut Carbon Pollution, Create Clean Energy Jobs and Strengthen America's Nuclear Energy Industry Washington, D.C. - The Department of Energy today announced that...
Flexural Strengthening of Steel Bridges with High Modulus CFRP Strips
environmental conditions that these struc- tures may be subjected to, involving large changes in temperature it avoids field welding, particularly overhead welding, that strengthening with steel requires
Malaysia-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth...
to enhance the capacity of relevant agencies and institutions to maintain and utilize models and database References "Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth...
Vietnam-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth...
to enhance the capacity of relevant agencies and institutions to maintain and utilize models and database References "Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth...
Philippines-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth...
to enhance the capacity of relevant agencies and institutions to maintain and utilize models and database References "Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth...
Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Developing...
to enhance the capacity of relevant agencies and institutions to maintain and utilize models and database References "Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth...
A strengthened formulation for the open pit mine production ...
Natashia Boland
2007-03-26T23:59:59.000Z
Mar 26, 2007 ... Abstract: We present a strengthened integer programming formulation for the open pit mine production scheduling problem, where the ...
Structural improvement of strengthened deck panels with externally bonded plates
Sim, Jongsung [Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Hanyang University, 1271 Sa1-dong, Ansan 425-791 (Korea, Republic of); Oh, Hongseob [Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Hanyang University, 1271 Sa1-dong, Ansan 425-791 (Korea, Republic of)]. E-mail: opera69@chollian.net
2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
Concrete bridge decks require eventual replacement and rehabilitation due to decreasing load-carrying capacity. This paper compares different strengthening design procedures that improve the usability and structural performance of bridge decks. The failure characteristics of bridge decks strengthened with various materials such as carbon fiber sheet, glass fiber sheet, steel plate, and grid CFRP and GFRP are analyzed, and the theoretical load-carrying capacities are evaluated using traditional beam and yield line theory, and punching shear analysis. The strengthening materials increase the punching shear strength of the deck and change the failure mode of the strengthened panel.
Prosperity, Poverty and Inequality in London
Banaji,. Murad
ASE Prosperity, Poverty and Inequality in London 2000/01-2010/11 Ruth Lupton, Polly Vizard, Amanda of wealth, poverty, income inequality and spatial difference. The full programme of analysis will include. The Changing Spatial Distribution of Poverty 2001 to 2011...................33 The Geography of Poverty
Characterizations of Lojasiewicz inequalities and applications
Bolte, Jerome; Ley, Olivier; Mazet, Laurent
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The classical Lojasiewicz inequality and its extensions for partial differential equation problems (Simon) and to o-minimal structures (Kurdyka) have a considerable impact on the analysis of gradient-like methods and related problems: minimization methods, complexity theory, asymptotic analysis of dissipative partial differential equations, tame geometry. This paper provides alternative characterizations of this type of inequalities for nonsmooth lower semicontinuous functions defined on a metric or a real Hilbert space. In a metric context, we show that a generalized form of the Lojasiewicz inequality (hereby called the Kurdyka-Lojasiewicz inequality) relates to metric regularity and to the Lipschitz continuity of the sublevel mapping, yielding applications to discrete methods (strong convergence of the proximal algorithm). In a Hilbert setting we further establish that asymptotic properties of the semiflow generated by $-\\partial f$ are strongly linked to this inequality. This is done by introducing the not...
On Testing Entropic Inequalities for Superconducting Qudit
Evgenii Glushkov; Anastasiia Glushkova; V. I. Man'ko
2015-05-20T23:59:59.000Z
The aim of this work is to verify the new entropic and information inequalities for non-composite systems using experimental $5 \\times 5$ density matrix of the qudit state, measured by the tomographic method in a multi-level superconducting circuit. These inequalities are well-known for bipartite and tripartite systems, but have never been tested for superconducting qudits. Entropic inequalities can also be used to evaluate the accuracy of experimental data and the value of mutual information, deduced from them, may charachterize correlations between different degrees of freedom in a noncomposite system.
Information inequalities and Generalized Graph Entropies
Sivakumar, Lavanya
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this article, we discuss the problem of establishing relations between information measures assessed for network structures. Two types of entropy based measures namely, the Shannon entropy and its generalization, the R\\'{e}nyi entropy have been considered for this study. Our main results involve establishing formal relationship, in the form of implicit inequalities, between these two kinds of measures when defined for graphs. Further, we also state and prove inequalities connecting the classical partition-based graph entropies and the functional-based entropy measures. In addition, several explicit inequalities are derived for special classes of graphs.
On Testing Entropic Inequalities for Superconducting Qudit
Evgenii Glushkov; Anastasiia Glushkova; V. I. Man'ko
2015-04-30T23:59:59.000Z
The aim of this work is to verify the new entropic and information inequalities for non-composite systems using experimental $5 \\times 5$ density matrix of the qudit state, measured by the tomographic method in a multi-level superconducting circuit. These inequalities are well-known for bipartite and tripartite systems, but have never been tested for superconducting qudits. Entropic inequalities can also be used to evaluate the accuracy of experimental data and the value of mutual information, deduced from them, may charachterize correlations between different degrees of freedom in a noncomposite system.
Democratic People's Republic of Korea Initiative Export Control Issues for the Proposed
PNNL-13425 Democratic People's Republic of Korea Initiative Export Control Issues for the Proposed.S. government export control regulations and any licensing application will need to be determined before initial
Democratizing Mobile Technology in Support of Volunteer Activities in Data Collection
Democratizing Mobile Technology in Support of Volunteer Activities in Data Collection Sun Young Kim-computer interaction, mobile technology, technology adoption, volunteer, data collection, citizen science, participatory sensing, sustainability #12;III ABSTRACT Mobile technology is advancing our ability to connect
Tackling Global Inequality in Labor Migration: Diaspora Mechanism and Migration Development Bank
Gevorkyan, Aleksandr V.; Gevorkyan, Arkady V.
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Tackling Global Inequality in Labor Migration: DiasporaCruz Conference on “Mapping Global Inequalities - BeyondIncome Inequality” * November 17, 2007 New York, NY
Regional Inequality in India in the 1990s: A Further Look
Singh, Nirvikar; Kendall, Jake; Jain, R.K.; Chander, Jai
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Regional Inequality in India in the 1990s: A Further Lookchanges in regional inequality in India in the 1990s, usingperiod. Keywords: regional inequality, growth convergence,
After Foreclosure: The Displacement Crisis and the Social and Spatial Reproduction of Inequality
Martin, Anne J.
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
and Spatial Reproduction of Inequality by Anne J. Martinbe reproducing social inequalities. The Institute for theprocess may reproduce inequalities of class, race, gender,
Lim, Kien Hwa
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A case study concerning inequalities. In M. van den Heuval-Kieran, C. (2004). The equation/inequality connection inconstructing meaning for inequality situations. In M. J.
Diewald, Martin; Albert, Mathias
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Sen, Amartya (1992): Inequality reexamined. OxfordCharles (1998): Durable Inequality. University of CaliforniaMapping Global Inequality with World Society Theory and
Finding Space Beyond Variables: An Analytical Review of Urban Space and Social Inequalities
Joseph, Lauren
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Boundaries and the Making of Inequality. Chicago: University2003. “The Dimensions of Racial Inequality: Occupational andMollenkopf 2002. “Economic Inequality and Public Policy: The
Varieties of Inequality: Allocation, Distribution, and the Wage Disadvantages of Immigrant Workers
Kesler, Christel
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
and Kim Voss. 1996. Inequality by Design: Cracking the BellSources of Earnings Inequality in 20 Countries." AmericanVARIETIES OF INEQUALITY: ALLOCATION, DISTRIBUTION, AND THE
Inequality and Local Government: Evidence from U.S. Cities and School Districts, 1970-2000.
Zolt, Eric M; Boustan, Leah
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Draft: February 10, 2010 Inequality and Local Government:I. Introduction Income inequality has increased dramaticallyScholars have linked income inequality to several negative
Tay, Thiam Chye
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Juzhong, ed. 2010. Poverty, Inequality, and Inclusive Growth2008. "Income, inequality, and electoral participation."In Democracy, Inequality, and Representation, ed. Pablo
Accounting for the Change in the Gradient: Health Inequality among Infants
Lin, Wanchuan
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
R. 1985. “Social Class Inequality in Mortality from 1921 toin the Gradient: Health Inequality Among Infants Wanchuanin the Gradient: Health Inequality Among Infants * Wanchuan
Regional Income Inequality in Post-1978 China: A Kaldorian Spatial Econometric Approach
Jeon, Yongbok
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
2003), “Analyzing Regional Inequality in Post-Mao China in a1996), “Regional Income Inequality and Economic Growth inpermission Regional Income Inequality in Post-1978 China : A
Feng, Wang
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Riskin. 1998. “Income and inequality in China: Composition,Charles. 1998. Durable Inequality. Berkeley and Los Angeles:and Categories: Rising Inequality in Post-Socialist Urban
Measuring Risk by Looking at Changes in Inequality: vulnerability in Ecuador
Ligon, Ethan A.
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
alized entropy and atkinson inequality indices: The complexIntertemporal choice and inequality. Journal of PoliticalBY LOOKING AT CHANGES IN INEQUALITY References Amin, S. , A.
Impacts of Trade on Wage Inequality in Los Angeles: Analysis Using Matched Employer-Employee Data
Rigby, David L.; Breau, Sebastien
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
1059. Chakravorty, S. 1996. Urban inequality revisited - TheP. B. 1989. Measuring inequality: a methodological handbook.outsourcing, and wage inequality. American Economic Review
Ding, Chris; He, Xiaofeng; Xiong, Hui; Peng, Hanchuan; Holbrook, Stephen R.
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Closure and Metric Inequality of Weighted Graphs – Detectingleads to a transitivity inequality which is equivalentto ultra-metric inequality. This can be used to de?ne
Lloyd, Cynthia
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
citation Educational Inequalities in the midst of widespread28, 2007 Mapping Global Inequalities Conference, Santa Cruz,to the growth of inequalities both within and between
1 Ma 15200 Lesson 18 Section 1.7 I Representing an Inequality ...
charlotb
2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z
1. Ma 15200 Lesson 18 Section 1.7. I. Representing an Inequality. There are 3 ways to represent an inequality. (1) Using the inequality symbol (sometime.
1 Ma 15200 Lesson 18 Section 1.7 I Representing an Inequality ...
charlotb
2010-10-04T23:59:59.000Z
1. Ma 15200 Lesson 18 Section 1.7. I. Representing an Inequality. There are 3 ways to represent an inequality. (1) Using the inequality symbol (sometime.
Inequality design limits in optimal aerodynamic shapes
Seaman, Charles Knight
1968-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
INEQUALITY DESIGN LIMITS IN OPTIMAL AERODYNAMIC SHAPES A Thesis By CHARLES KNIGHT SEAMAN Submitted to the Graduate College of the Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1968... Major Subject: Aerospace Engineering INEQUALITY DESIGN LIMITS IN OPTIMAL AERODYNAMIC SHAPES A Thesis By CHARLES KNIGHT SEAMAN Approved as to style and content by: (Chairman of Committee) (Head of Department) (Member) (Member) May 1968...
Strengthening of metallic alloys with nanometer-size oxide dispersions
Flinn, J.E.; Kelly, T.F.
1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z
Austenitic stainless steels and nickel-base alloys containing, by wt. %, 0.1 to 3.0% V, 0.01 to 0.08% C, 0.01 to 0.5% N, 0.05% max. each of Al and Ti, and 0.005 to 0.10% O, are strengthened and ductility retained by atomization of a metal melt under cover of an inert gas with added oxygen to form approximately 8 nanometer-size hollow oxides within the alloy grains and, when the alloy is aged, strengthened by precipitation of carbides and nitrides nucleated by the hollow oxides. Added strengthening is achieved by nitrogen solid solution strengthening and by the effect of solid oxides precipitated along and pinning grain boundaries to provide temperature-stabilization and refinement of the alloy grains. 20 figs.
The Performance of Fibre Reinforced Polymer Strengthening in the Fire
Stratford, Tim J; Gillie, Martin; Chen, J
2007-11-14T23:59:59.000Z
Bonded fibre-reinforced-polymer (FRP) strengthening is an increasingly popular refurbishment method. This involves gluing an advanced fibre composite on to the existing structure to increase its sectional capacity. One ...
Strengthening Sustainable Manufacturing in The White House, Environmental Protection Agency
manufacturing. Topics of discussion will include sustainable manufacturing, lean manufacturing, workforce issuesStrengthening Sustainable Manufacturing in Indiana The White House, Environmental Protection Agency to participate in an event with Matt Bogoshian, to discuss Sustainable Manufacturing, which was featured
Strengthening of metallic alloys with nanometer-size oxide dispersions
Flinn, John E. (Idaho Falls, ID); Kelly, Thomas F. (Madison, WI)
1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Austenitic stainless steels and nickel-base alloys containing, by wt. %, 0.1 to 3.0% V, 0.01 to 0.08% C, 0.01 to 0.5% N, 0.05% max. each of Al and Ti, and 0.005 to 0.10% O, are strengthened and ductility retained by atomization of a metal melt under cover of an inert gas with added oxygen to form approximately 8 nanometer-size hollow oxides within the alloy grains and, when the alloy is aged, strengthened by precipitation of carbides and nitrides nucleated by the hollow oxides. Added strengthening is achieved by nitrogen solid solution strengthening and by the effect of solid oxides precipitated along and pinning grain boundaries to provide temperature-stabilization and refinement of the alloy grains.
On the velocity-strengthening behavior of dry friction
Bar-Sinai, Yohai; Brener, Efim A; Bouchbinder, Eran
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The onset of frictional instabilities, e.g. earthquakes nucleation, is intimately related to velocity-weakening friction, in which the frictional resistance of interfaces decreases with increasing slip velocity. While this frictional response has been studied extensively, much less attention has been given to steady-state velocity-strengthening friction, in spite of its importance for various aspects of frictional phenomena such as the propagation speed of interfacial rupture fronts and the amount of stored energy released by them. In this note we suggest that a crossover from steady-state velocity-weakening friction at small slip velocities to steady-state velocity-strengthening friction at higher velocities might be a generic feature of dry friction. We further argue that while thermally activated rheology naturally gives rise to logarithmic steady-state velocity-strengthening friction, a crossover to stronger-than-logarithmic strengthening might take place at higher slip velocities, possibly accompanied by...
USING PERFORMANCE MEASUREMENTS TO EVALUATE AND STRENGTHEN INFORMATION SYSTEM SECURITY
USING PERFORMANCE MEASUREMENTS TO EVALUATE AND STRENGTHEN INFORMATION SYSTEM SECURITY Shirley Radack, Editor Computer Security Division Information Technology Laboratory National Institute about the security of information systems for the decision makers of organizations. When organizations
Strengthening Mechanisms of Sputtered Copper, Cobalt and Their Nanocomposites
Liu, Yue
2014-04-28T23:59:59.000Z
-Petch Relation ................................. 1 I.1.2 Grain Boundary Strengthening II – Nanocrystalline ...................................... 3 I.1.3 Interphase Boundary Strengthening – Multilayer Composites ....................... 5 I.1.4 Twin Boundary...-deposited nanotwinned Cu in comparison with that for a coarse-grained polycrystalline Cu (~100 ?m grain size) and a nanocrystalline Cu (~30 nm grain size); (b) electrical resistivity of nanotwinned Cu sample at various temperature in comparison...
Violation of the Cauchy-Schwarz Inequality with Matter Waves K. V. Kheruntsyan,1
Kheruntsyan, Karen
) inequality--one of the most widely used and important inequalities in mathematics--can be formulated
Violating the Bell-Leggett-Garg inequality with weak measurement of an entangled state
Martinis, John M.
, and can violate the inequality4 . To test such an inequality using two superconducting qubits, we replace
OPTIMALITY CONDITIONS FOR IRREGULAR INEQUALITY-CONSTRAINED PROBLEMS
Solodov, Mikhail V.
OPTIMALITY CONDITIONS FOR IRREGULAR INEQUALITY-CONSTRAINED PROBLEMS A. F. IZMAILOV AND M. VÂOptimization, and by FAPERJ. 1280 #12;IRREGULAR INEQUALITY-CONSTRAINED PROBLEMS 1281 Note that in (1.4) cone K is not required
GEOMETRIC NUMERICAL INTEGRATION OF INEQUALITY CONSTRAINED, NONSMOOTH HAMILTONIAN SYSTEMS
Columbia University
and obtain an associated framework for composing ge- ometric numerical integration methods for inequality-equalityÂconstrained geometric integration setting, we target long-term structure preservation. In the inequality-constrained
On the velocity-strengthening behavior of dry friction
Yohai Bar-Sinai; Robert Spatschek; Efim A. Brener; Eran Bouchbinder
2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z
The onset of frictional instabilities, e.g. earthquakes nucleation, is intimately related to velocity-weakening friction, in which the frictional resistance of interfaces decreases with increasing slip velocity. While this frictional response has been studied extensively, less attention has been given to steady-state velocity-strengthening friction, in spite of its potential importance for various aspects of frictional phenomena such as the propagation speed of interfacial rupture fronts and the amount of stored energy released by them. In this note we suggest that a crossover from steady-state velocity-weakening friction at small slip velocities to steady-state velocity-strengthening friction at higher velocities might be a generic feature of dry friction. We further argue that while thermally activated rheology naturally gives rise to logarithmic steady-state velocity-strengthening friction, a crossover to stronger-than-logarithmic strengthening might take place at higher slip velocities, possibly accompanied by a change in the dominant dissipation mechanism. We sketch a few physical mechanisms that may account for the crossover to stronger-than-logarithmic steady-state velocity-strengthening and compile a rather extensive set of experimental data available in the literature, lending support to these ideas.
TUSNADY'S INEQUALITY REVISITED ANDREW CARTER AND DAVID POLLARD
Pollard, David
at all simple". Bretagnolle and Massart (1989, Appendix) published another proof of TusnÂ´ady's inequality--an
Inequality and Social Security Reforms Jean-Olivier Hairault
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
received so much support, it is because it is consid- ered as inequality-reducing, relative to a more
Sobolev inequality for localization of pseudo-relativistic energy
A. A. Balinsky; A. E. Tyukov
2005-08-18T23:59:59.000Z
In this article we present Sobolev-type inequalities for the localization of pseudo-relativistic energy.
An Epiperimetric Inequality Approach to the Thin and Fractional ...
Arshak Petrosyan(joint with Nicola Garofalo, Camelia Pop, and Mariana Smit Vega Garcia)
2015-07-28T23:59:59.000Z
Jun 15, 2015 ... An Epiperimetric Inequality. Approach to the Thin and. Fractional Obstacle Problems. Geometric Analysis. Free Boundary Problems. & Measure ...
Bayesian Optimization with Inequality Constraints Jacob R. Gardner1
Columbia University
- eter tuning and experimental design. How- ever, this framework has not been extended to the inequality-constrained
Income Inequality and Mortality: The Costa RIcan Case
Modrek, Sepideh
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
44-49). San Francisco Kuznets, S. (1955). Economic Growthin income inequality (Kuznets, 1955), but benefits from this
Operator space approach to steering inequality
Michal Horodecki; Marcin Marciniak; Zhi Yin
2015-03-12T23:59:59.000Z
In \\cite{JP2011,JPPVW2010} the operator space theory was applied to study bipartite Bell inequalities. The aim of the paper is to follow this line of research and use the operator space technique to analyze the steering scenario. We obtain a bipartite steering functional with unbounded largest violation of steering inequality, as well as we can construct all ingredients explicitly. It turns out that the unbounded largest violation is obtained by non maximally entangled state. Moreover, we focus on the bipartite dichotomic case where we construct a steering functional with unbounded largest violation of steering inequality. This phenomenon is different to the Bell scenario where only bounded largest violation can be obtained by any bipartite dichotomic Bell functional.
Poverty and Inequality Research Cluster Global Development and Happiness
Sussex, University of
Poverty and Inequality Research Cluster Global Development and Happiness: How can Data Volume 2013 No 432 #12;2 The Poverty and Inequality research cluster, part of the Vulnerability and Poverty Reduction team at IDS, produces research on poverty, inequality and wellbeing. Our research
Characterization of four-qubit states via Bell inequalities
Hui Zhao; Xing-Hua Zhang; Shao-Ming Fei; Zhi-Xi Wang
2013-07-25T23:59:59.000Z
A set of Bell inequalities classifying the quantum entanglement of four-qubit states is presented. These inequalities involve only two measurement settings per observer and can characterize fully separable, bi-separable and tri-separable quantum states. In addition, a quadratic inequality of the Bell operators for four-qubit systems is derived.
An information-theoretic proof of Nash's inequality
Giuseppe Toscani
2012-07-12T23:59:59.000Z
We show that an information-theoretic property of Shannon's entropy power, known as concavity of entropy power, can be fruitfully employed to prove inequalities in sharp form. In particular, the concavity of entropy power implies the logarithmic Sobolev inequality, and Nash's inequality with the sharp constant.
Sadoulet, Elisabeth
A. de Janvry and E. Sadoulet, Growth, Poverty, and Inequality in Latin America 1 May 2000 Appendix B Poverty and Inequality Data Table B1 gives the poverty and inequality data used in the study. The data in general come from the work of Oscar Altimir at CEPAL who reconciled the calculations of poverty
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Was the French Patent System democratic ? France, XIX th century Gabriel Galvez-Behar Université patent system and economic performance has been explored by economists and historians. In her book on a « democratization of invention », which was allowed by its own patent system. Contrary to the American one
The equivalence of Bell's inequality and the Nash inequality in a quantum game-theoretic setting
Azhar Iqbal; James M. Chappell; Derek Abbott
2015-08-04T23:59:59.000Z
Are there two-player games in which a strategy pair can exist as a Nash equilibrium only when the game is played quantum mechanically? To find an answer to this question, we study two-player games that are played in generalized Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen setting. Considering particular strategy pairs, we identify sets of games for which the pair can exist as a Nash equilibrium when Bell's inequality is violated. We thus identify games and players' strategies for which the Nash inequality becomes equivalent to Bell's inequality. As the violation of Bell's inequality is regarded as being quantum in nature, this paper thus addresses the earliest criticisms of quantum games that questioned if they were truly quantum.
Golden-Thompson's inequality for deformed exponentials
Frank Hansen
2014-10-21T23:59:59.000Z
Deformed logarithms and their inverse functions, the deformed exponentials, are important tools in the theory of non-additive entropies and non-extensive statistical mechanics. We formulate and prove counterparts of Golden-Thompson's trace inequality for q-exponentials with parameter q in the interval [1,3].
Earnings inequality and in-work-poverty
Gutiérrez Palacios, Rodolfo; Guillén Rodríguez, Ana Marta; Peña-Casas, Ramón
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
. The first deals with our level of knowledge about the impact of economic globalization on earnings inequalities. Sections 2 and 3 are devoted to the dynamics and present situation of the incidence of low paid work and in-work poverty respectively. Section 4...
Bell-inequality violation with "thermal" radiation
Radim Filip; Miloslav Dusek; Jaromir Fiurasek; Ladislav Mista
2001-05-17T23:59:59.000Z
The model of a quantum-optical device for a conditional preparation of entangled states from input mixed states is presented. It is demonstrated that even thermal or pseudo-thermal radiation can be entangled in such a way, that Bell-inequalities are violated.
INCOME INEQUALITY IN FORMER CENTRALLY PLANNED ECONOMIES
Bateman, Ian J.
transforms into a successful market economy, increased income inequalities may be desirable' (Doyle, 1996, p and the opportunities for non-agricultural income from the market liberalisation process would seem to be important adjustment to market in transition economies. As Doyle (1996) has stated for example: `to ensure that Russia
NBER WORKING PAPER SERIES MEASURING ANCIENT INEQUALITY
Hickman, Mark
-industrial income gaps between rich and poor. Simon Kuznets was very skeptical of attempts to compare income concepts, and different parts of the national economy. To underline his doubts, Kuznets once asked data?" Economists with interest in inequality are indebted to Kuznets for his sage warning.1 We are eve
RESEARCH ARTICLE Strengthening of 3D Printed Fused
Haller, Gary L.
RESEARCH ARTICLE Strengthening of 3D Printed Fused Deposition Manufactured Parts Using the Fill as examples of 3D printed parts used in real-world applications. Introduction While the quality of additive to the wider-spread implementation of 3D- printed components continues to be the limited strength of printed
Strengthening lattice-free cuts using non-negativity
2010-09-07T23:59:59.000Z
May 28, 2009 ... Page 1 ... strengthened by using the non-negativity of the integer variables. ..... Now consider r ? RCo and note as r ? RC we have ?(r) ? 0. ...... Geometrically, what is happening is that the coefficient of r ? RC(B) is defined by first taking ..... and hence we only need to focus on convex sets that don't have ...
LIVE: Meeting on Strengthening Deepwater Blowout Containment Capabilities
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Secretary Chu and Secretary of the Interior Ken Salazar convened with top U.S. government scientists and key industry and stakeholder leaders to discuss how to strengthen capabilities for responding to potential blowouts of oil and gas wells on the Outer Continental Shelf.
Strengthening Mechanisms of Sputtered Copper, Cobalt and Their Nanocomposites
Liu, Yue
2014-04-28T23:59:59.000Z
, such as copper (Cu) and silver (Ag). However, low SFE metal cobalt (Co) received little attention due to the complex coexistence of hexagonal close-packed (HCP) and face-centered cubic (FCC) structure. The focus of this research is to identify the strengthening...
Bound on Bell Inequalities by Fraction of Determinism and Reverse Triangle Inequality
P. Joshi; K. Horodecki; M. Horodecki; P. Horodecki; R. Horodecki; Ben Li; S. J. Szarek; T. Szarek
2015-02-10T23:59:59.000Z
It is an established fact that entanglement is a resource. Sharing an entangled state leads to non-local correlations and to violations of Bell inequalities. Such non-local correlations illustrate the advantage of quantum resources over classical resources. Here, we study quantitatively Bell inequalities with $2\\times n$ inputs. As found in [N. Gisin et al., Int. J. Q. Inf. 5, 525 (2007)] quantum mechanical correlations cannot reach the algebraic bound for such inequalities. In this paper, we uncover the heart of this effect which we call the {\\it fraction of determinism}. We show that any quantum statistics with two parties and $2 \\times n$ inputs exhibits nonzero fraction of determinism, and we supply a quantitative bound for it. We then apply it to provide an explicit {\\it universal upper bound} for Bell inequalities with $2\\times n$ inputs. As our main mathematical tool we introduce and prove a {\\it reverse triangle inequality}, stating in a quantitative way that if some states are far away from a given state, then their mixture is also. The inequality is crucial in deriving the lower bound for the fraction of determinism, but is also of interest on its own.
Democratizing content publication with Coral Michael J. Freedman, Eric Freudenthal, David Mazi`eres
Badrinath, B. R.
Democratizing content publication with Coral Michael J. Freedman, Eric Freudenthal, David Mazi`eres New York University http://www.scs.cs.nyu.edu/coral/ Abstract CoralCDN is a peer-to-peer content, all for the price of a cheap broadband Internet connection. Volunteer sites that run Coral
Hourdequin, Marion, E-mail: Marion.Hourdequin@ColoradoCollege.edu [Aldo Leopold Wilderness Research Institute, Rocky Mountain Research Station, USDA Forest Service, 790 East Beckwith, Missoula, MT 59801 (United States); Department of Philosophy, Colorado College, 14 E. Cache La Poudre St., Colorado Springs, CO 80903 (United States); Landres, Peter [Aldo Leopold Wilderness Research Institute, Rocky Mountain Research Station, USDA Forest Service, 790 East Beckwith, Missoula, MT 59801 (United States); Hanson, Mark J. [Department of Philosophy, University of Montana, Missoula, MT 59812 (United States); Craig, David R. [Aldo Leopold Wilderness Research Institute, Rocky Mountain Research Station, USDA Forest Service, 790 East Beckwith, Missoula, MT 59801 (United States)
2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z
Traditional mechanisms for public participation in environmental impact assessment under U.S. federal law have been criticized as ineffective and unable to resolve conflict. As these mechanisms are modified and new approaches developed, we argue that participation should be designed and evaluated not only on practical grounds of cost-effectiveness and efficiency, but also on ethical grounds based on democratic ideals. In this paper, we review and synthesize modern democratic theory to develop and justify four ethical principles for public participation: equal opportunity to participate, equal access to information, genuine deliberation, and shared commitment. We then explore several tensions that are inherent in applying these ethical principles to public participation in EIA. We next examine traditional NEPA processes and newer collaborative approaches in light of these principles. Finally, we explore the circumstances that argue for more in-depth participatory processes. While improved EIA participatory processes do not guarantee improved outcomes in environmental management, processes informed by these four ethical principles derived from democratic theory may lead to increased public engagement and satisfaction with government agency decisions. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Four ethical principles based on democratic theory for public participation in EIA. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer NEPA and collaboration offer different strengths in meeting these principles. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We explore tensions inherent in applying these principles. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Improved participatory processes may improve public acceptance of agency decisions.
On the Problems and Power of Silence in Democratic Theory and Sean W.D. Gray
without resources for voice. When these choices are recognized and integrated into democratic institutions at the 2012 Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, the 2013 Annual Meeting/silence dichotomy. To take one recent example, Congressman Mick Mulvaney, a Republican from South Carolina, launched
Cushing, Lara; Morello-Frosch, Rachel; Wander, Madeline; Pastor, Manuel
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Divided We Stand: Why Inequality Keeps Rising. Paris: OECD (States: Tackling High Inequalities and Creating Opportu-Y. 2005. Emulation, inequality, and work hours: was Thorsten
Lopez-Feldman, Alejandro; Mora, Jorge; Taylor, J. Edward
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Mitigate Poverty and Inequality? Evidence from Rural MexicoMitigate Poverty and Inequality? Evidence from Rural MexicoBootstrap Inference for Inequality and Poverty Measures’,
Ngepah, Nicholas
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
and G. Tabelini, 1994. " Is Inequality Harmful for Growth?"The Poverty-Growth-Inequality Triangle" Paper presented atat Old Issues: Growth and Inequality," Mimeo, World Bank,
School Leaders Sense-making and Use of Equity-related Data to Disrupt Patterns of Inequality
Chikwe, Moses
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
track: How schools structure inequality. New Haven, CT: YaleChallenging or reproducing inequality? Teachers CollegeC. S. , et al. (1996). Inequality by design: Cracking the
Golden, Miriam; Wallerstein, Michael
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
to explaining income inequality: An interdisciplinaryand disposable income inequalities. Discussion Papers SP II,erences in male wage inequality: Institutions versus market
Glinianaia, Svetlana V; Ghosh, Rakesh; Rankin, Judith; Pearce, Mark S; Parker, Louise; Pless-Mulloli, Tanja
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Field DJ: Socioeconomic inequalities in very preterm birth2635. 23. Munro J: Health inequalities 25 years after Black.report on socioeconomic inequalities in health 10 years on.
Nano-scale strengthening from grains, subgrains, and particles in Fe-based alloys
Lesuer, D. R.; Syn, C. K.; Sherby, O. D.
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
x ULTRAFINE GRAINED MATERIALS Nano-scale strengthening fromSpringerlink.com Abstract Nano-scale strengthening has beenless than 20 h), develop nano-scale subgrains [15]. These
Shaking Table Tests on Deficient RC Frames Strengthened with FRPs and Pos-Tensioned
Shaking Table Tests on Deficient RC Frames Strengthened with FRPs and Pos-Tensioned Metal Straps Dr Strengthened with FRPs and Pos-Tensioned Metal Straps Dr Iman Hajirasouliha Lecturer, Department of Civil
A proof of the (strengthened) Liar formula in a semantical extension of Peano Arithmetic
Ketland, Jeffrey
2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In the Tarskian theory of truth, the strengthened liar sentence is a theorem. More generally, any formalized truth theory which proves the full, self-applicative scheme True(“f”) f will prove the strengthened liar ...
Strengthening U.S. Leadership in Advanced Manufacturing | Department of
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousPlasma |Efficiency Â» Search resultsTechnologyEnergy Strengthening U.S. Leadership in Advanced
Strengthening the Front Lines: Sales Training and Continuing Education for
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousPlasma |Efficiency Â» Search resultsTechnologyEnergy Strengthening U.S. Leadership in AdvancedContractors
Test of Genuine Multipartite Nonlocality Without Inequality
Qing Chen; Sixia Yu; Chengjie Zhang; C. H. Lai; C. H. Oh
2013-05-20T23:59:59.000Z
In this letter we propose a set of conditions on the joint probabilities as a test of genuine multipartite nonlocality without inequality. Our test is failed by all non-signaling local models in which even nonlocal correlations among some observables (not all) are allowed as long as these correlations respect the non-signaling principle. A pass of our test by a state therefore indicates that this state cannot be simulated by any non-signaling local models, i.e., the state exhibits genuine multipartite nonlocality. It turns out that all entangled symmetric n-qubit ($n \\geq 3$) states pass our test and therefore are n-way nonlocal. Also we construct two Bell-type inequalities from our proposed test whose violations indicate genuine multipartite nonlocal correlations.
Entropy-energy inequalities for qudit states
Armando Figueroa; Julio López; Octavio Castaños; Ramón López-Peña; Margarita A. Man'ko; Vladimir I. Man'ko
2014-12-08T23:59:59.000Z
We establish a procedure to find the extremal density matrices for any finite Hamiltonian of a qudit system. These extremal density matrices provide an approximate description of the energy spectra of the Hamiltonian. In the case of restricting the extremal density matrices by pure states, we show that the energy spectra of the Hamiltonian is recovered for $d=2$ and $3$. We conjecture that by means of this approach the energy spectra can be recovered for the Hamiltonian of an arbitrary finite qudit system. For a given qudit system Hamiltonian, we find new inequalities connecting the mean value of the Hamiltonian and the entropy of an arbitrary state. We demonstrate that these inequalities take place for both the considered extremal density matrices and generic ones.
Sandwiched Rényi divergence satisfies data processing inequality
Beigi, Salman [School of Mathematics, Institute for Research in Fundamental Sciences (IPM), P.O. Box 19395-5746, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)] [School of Mathematics, Institute for Research in Fundamental Sciences (IPM), P.O. Box 19395-5746, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)
2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z
Sandwiched (quantum) ?-Rényi divergence has been recently defined in the independent works of Wilde et al. [“Strong converse for the classical capacity of entanglement-breaking channels,” preprint http://arxiv.org/abs/arXiv:1306.1586 (2013)] and Müller-Lennert et al. [“On quantum Rényi entropies: a new definition, some properties and several conjectures,” preprint http://arxiv.org/abs/arXiv:1306.3142v1 (2013)]. This new quantum divergence has already found applications in quantum information theory. Here we further investigate properties of this new quantum divergence. In particular, we show that sandwiched ?-Rényi divergence satisfies the data processing inequality for all values of ? > 1. Moreover we prove that ?-Holevo information, a variant of Holevo information defined in terms of sandwiched ?-Rényi divergence, is super-additive. Our results are based on Hölder's inequality, the Riesz-Thorin theorem and ideas from the theory of complex interpolation. We also employ Sion's minimax theorem.
Cryogenic properties of dispersion strengthened copper for high magnetic fields
Toplosky, V. J.; Han, K.; Walsh, R. P. [National High Magnetic Field Laboratory, Tallahassee, FL 32310 (United States); Swenson, C. A. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States)
2014-01-27T23:59:59.000Z
Cold deformed copper matrix composite conductors, developed for use in the 100 tesla multi-shot pulsed magnet at the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory (NHMFL), have been characterized. The conductors are alumina strengthened copper which is fabricated by cold drawing that introduces high dislocation densities and high internal stresses. Both alumina particles and high density of dislocations provide us with high tensile strength and fatigue endurance. The conductors also have high electrical conductivities because alumina has limited solubility in Cu and dislocations have little scattering effect on conduction electrons. Such a combination of high strength and high conductivity makes it an excellent candidate over other resistive magnet materials. Thus, characterization is carried out by tensile testing and fully reversible fatigue testing. In tensile tests, the material exceeds the design criteria parameters. In the fatigue tests, both the load and displacement were measured and used to control the amplitude of the tests to simulate the various loading conditions in the pulsed magnet which is operated at 77 K in a non-destructive mode. In order to properly simulate the pulsed magnet operation, strain-controlled tests were more suitable than load controlled tests. For the dispersion strengthened coppers, the strengthening mechanism of the aluminum oxide provided better tensile and fatigue properties over convention copper.
Bayesian Nash Equilibria and Bell Inequalities
Taksu Cheon; Azhar Iqbal
2007-11-22T23:59:59.000Z
Games with incomplete information are formulated in a multi-sector probability matrix formalism that can cope with quantum as well as classical strategies. An analysis of classical and quantum strategy in a multi-sector extension of the game of Battle of Sexes clarifies the two distinct roles of nonlocal strategies, and establish the direct link between the true quantum gain of game's payoff and the breaking of Bell inequalities.
Testing Bell inequalities with weak measurements
Shmuel Marcovitch; Benni Reznik
2011-01-18T23:59:59.000Z
Quantum theory is inconsistent with any local hidden variable model as was first shown by Bell. To test Bell inequalities two separated observers extract correlations from a common ensemble of identical systems. Since quantum theory does not allow simultaneous measurements of noncommuting observables, on each system every party measures a single randomly chosen observable out of a given set. Here we suggest a different approach for testing Bell inequalities that is experimentally realizable by current methods. We show that Bell inequalities can be maximally violated even when all observables are measured on each member of the ensemble. This is possible by using weak measurements that produce small disturbance, at the expense of accuracy. However, our approach does not constitute an independent test of quantum nonlocality since the local hidden variables may correlate the noise of the measurement instruments. Nevertheless, by adding a randomly chosen precise measurement at the end of every cycle of weak measurements, the parties can verify that the hidden variables were not interfering with the noise, and thus validate the suggested test.
The Relationship Between Unemployment and Earnings Inequality in South Africa
Tregenna, Fiona
1 THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN UNEMPLOMENT AND EARNINGS INEQUALITY IN SOUTH AFRICA FIONA TREGENNA Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge ABSTRACT Unemployment and earnings inequality have moved closely together in South Africa... in recent years, suggesting that there may not be a trade-off between them as the literature generally suggests. This article explores the relationship between unemployment and earnings inequality in South Africa, specifically investigating the extent...
The Effect of Growth Volatility on Income Inequality Ho-Chuan (River) Huang
Ahmad, Sajjad
positively affects growth. Barro (2000) uncovers a nonlinear inequality-growth nexus, with inequality growth in low-income ones. Rather than examining the volatility-growth or the inequality-growth linkages
Inequality at Work: The Effect of Peer Salaries on Job Satisfaction
Card, David; Mas, Alexandre; Moretti, Enrico; Saez, Emmanuel
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Kuhn (2007). “Does Pay Inequality A?ect Worker E?ort? Ex-Wage Structure and Earnings Inequality,” Handbook of LaborNBER WORKING PAPER SERIES INEQUALITY AT WORK: THE EFFECT OF
Inequality and Economic Growth: Bridging the Short-run and the Long-run
Grijalva, Diego F.
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
40, 1–46. Benabou, Roland, “Inequality and Growth,” in BenAkira Nishiyama, “Income Inequality and Growth - Does theU Relationship between Inequality and Long-run Growth,”
The Decline in Inequality In Brazil, 2003-2009: The Role Of The State
Souza, Pedro H.G.F.
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
and S. G. Prus. 2006. “Income Inequality over the Later-LifeThe Dynamics of Income Inequality in Mexico Since NAFTA. ”Recent Trends in Income Inequality in Latin America. ”
Wealth Inequality in the “Land of the Fee”: A Conversation with Devin Fergus
Reid, Carolina
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Research Center. Wealth Inequality in the “Land of the Fee”Wealth Inequality in the “Land of the Fee”: A Conversationand Osoro 2013). Wealth Inequality in the “Land of the Fee”
Intergenerational Wealth Transmission and the Dynamics of Inequality in Small-Scale Societies
Borgerhoff Mulder, Monique
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Handbook of Economic Inequality, W. Salverda, B. Nolan, T.Handbook of Economic Inequality, W. Salverda, B. Nolan, T.and the Dynamics of Inequality in Small-Scale Societies
Multiplicities of Pfaffian Intersections, and the Lojasiewicz Inequality ...
1910-00-40T23:59:59.000Z
and the exponents in the Lojasiewicz inequalities for Pfaffian functions. For the intersections defined by sparse polynomials, the multiplicities outside the.
An inequality for potentials and the “hot–spots” conjecture
2003-06-04T23:59:59.000Z
inequality, by the conformal invariance of Brownian motion, implies a result of Pascu [13] on “hot–spots” for certain symmetric convex domains. ?Supported in ...
Poincaré inequality, the uniqueness of the solutions for the heat ...
Bumsik Kim
2013-04-22T23:59:59.000Z
Apr 13, 2013 ... Classic Heat equation in R n. KNOWN : Positive solution u is uniquely determined by the initial condition : Why? (Harnack's inequality) : ? ? Rn ...
an epiperimetric inequality approach to the regularity of the free ...
2015-01-26T23:59:59.000Z
An epiperimetric inequality for the Signorini problem. 18. 7. C1,? regularity of the regular part of the free boundary. 28. References. 39. 1. Introduction. 1.1.
THE LEX-PLUS-POWER INEQUALITY FOR LOCAL COHOMOLOGY ...
2013-03-11T23:59:59.000Z
We prove an inequality between Hilbert functions of local cohomology modules supported in the homogeneous maximal ideal of standard graded algebras over
Bell-type inequalities for non-local resources
Nicolas Brunner; Valerio Scarani; Nicolas Gisin
2006-03-10T23:59:59.000Z
We present bipartite Bell-type inequalities which allow the two partners to use some non-local resource. Such inequality can only be violated if the parties use a resource which is more non-local than the one permitted by the inequality. We introduce a family of N-inputs non-local machines, which are generalizations of the well-known PR-box. Then we construct Bell-type inequalities that cannot be violated by strategies that use one these new machines. Finally we discuss implications for the simulation of quantum states.
Gray, Ian P
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This thesis examines how evolving norms of international climate change mitigation are translated into national forest governance policies and land management techniques in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). The ...
Patrizio Neff; Dirk Pauly; Karl-Josef Witsch
2011-06-30T23:59:59.000Z
We prove a Korn-type inequality for tensor fields without gradient structure, which generalizes Korn's first inequality.
Omelicheva, Mariya Y.
2014-08-12T23:59:59.000Z
). President Bush and members of his administration prioritized the right to conduct free and fair elections. The Bush government, for example, hailed the ‘Tulip’ revolution in Kyrgyzstan that unseated the first Kyrgyz President Askar Akayev... as the two primary dimensions of democratization. Following the 2010 parliamentary elections in Kyrgyzstan, President Obama declared that an orderly and peaceful transfer of power in the Kyrgyz parliament was a hallmark of a ‘true democracy...
The foundational inequalities of D.L. Burkholder and some of their ...
2011-08-03T23:59:59.000Z
Aug 3, 2011 ... martingale inequalities of D.L. Burkholder to Lp-bounds for singular integral operators ... 2 Sharp inequalities for continuous-time martingales. 7.
Boger, John Charles
2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
INEQUITIES: THE CASE OF NORTH CAROLINA John Charles BogerIn Chapel Hill, North Carolina on The Resegregation ofINEQUITIES: THE CASE OF NORTH CAROLINA Introduction I.
Razzaghi, N
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We propose a phenomenological model of the Dirac neutrino mass matrix based on the Fridberg-Lee neutrino mass model at a special point. In this case, the Fridberg-Lee model reduces to the Democratic mass matrix with the $S_3$ permutation family symmetry. The Democratic mass matrix has an experimentally unfavored degenerate mass spectrum on the base of tribimaximal mixing matrix. We rescue the model to find a nondegenerate mass spectrum by adding the breaking mass term as preserving the twisted Fridberg-Lee symmetry. The tribimaximal mixing matrix can be also realized. Exact tribimaximal mixing leads to $\\theta_{13}=0$. However, the results from Daya Bay and RENO experiments have established a nonzero value for $\\theta_{13}$. Keeping the leading behavior of $U$ as tribimaximal, we use Broken Democratic neutrino mass model. We characterize a perturbation mass matrix which is responsible for a nonzero $\\theta_{13}$ along with CP violation, besides the solar neutrino mass splitting has been resulted from it. We c...
DOE Strengthens Rules Governing Worker Safety | Department of Energy
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousPlasmaP a g e October 20, 2014 Attn:Renewable Energy, and2.4Reserve |DOE Solar Decathlon ComingStrengthens
Strengthening Line Management Oversight and Federal Monitoring of Nuclear Facilities
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362 334DepartmentCivilianAffairs,SiteStories Stories Michigan Saves' NewStrategic14 Strengthening
Strengthening Line Management Oversight and Federal Monitoring of Nuclear Facilities
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362 334DepartmentCivilianAffairs,SiteStories Stories Michigan Saves' NewStrategic14 StrengtheningCode
Strengthening Line Management Oversight and Federal Monitoring of Nuclear Facilities
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362 334DepartmentCivilianAffairs,SiteStories Stories Michigan Saves' NewStrategic14Strengthening Line
Strengthening Line Management Oversight and Federal Monitoring of Nuclear Facilities
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362 334DepartmentCivilianAffairs,SiteStories Stories Michigan Saves' NewStrategic14Strengthening Line
Strengthening Line Management Oversight and Federal Monitoring of Nuclear Facilities
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362 334DepartmentCivilianAffairs,SiteStories Stories Michigan Saves' NewStrategic14Strengthening
Strengthening Line Management Oversight and Federal Monitoring of Nuclear Facilities
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362 334DepartmentCivilianAffairs,SiteStories Stories Michigan Saves' NewStrategic14Strengthening5 -
Strengthening Our Commitment to Tribal Energy | Department of Energy
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362 334DepartmentCivilianAffairs,SiteStories Stories Michigan Saves' NewStrategic14Strengthening5
Process for strengthening aluminum based ceramics and material
Moorhead, Arthur J. (Knoxville, TN); Kim, Hyoun-Ee (Seoul, KR)
2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A process for strengthening aluminum based ceramics is provided. A gaseous atmosphere consisting essentially of silicon monoxide gas is formed by exposing a source of silicon to an atmosphere consisting essentially of hydrogen and a sufficient amount of water vapor. The aluminum based ceramic is exposed to the gaseous silicon monoxide atmosphere for a period of time and at a temperature sufficient to produce a continuous, stable silicon-containing film on the surface of the aluminum based ceramic that increases the strength of the ceramic.
DOE Strengthens Collaboration at Intergovernmental Meeting | Department of
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362 of Thomas P.Oil, and Gas Sectors in theof EnergyEP9425of Energy NewEnergy Strengthens
What Drives the Public Mood of Income Inequality
Myers, Rebekah M
2014-08-13T23:59:59.000Z
on In co m e In eq ua lity , 1 97 1? 20 12 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 Year Figure 3.1: Public Mood on Income Inequality, 1971-2012 23 Table 3.1: Do Economic Factors Drive Public Mood Towards Income Inequality? Public Mood of Income Inequalityt?1 0.813 (0...
Concentration-of-measure inequalities Lecture notes by Gbor Lugosi
Beal, Matt J.
's inequalityX for ny nonnegtive rndom vrile XD nd t > 0D P{X ! t} EX t . sf follows from wrkov9s inequlity tht} = P{(X) ! (t)} E(X) (t) . en pplition of this with (x) = x2 is Chebyshev's inequalityX if X is n
On Lyapunov Inequalities and Subsolutions for Efficient Importance Sampling
Leder, Kevin Z.
On Lyapunov Inequalities and Subsolutions for Efficient Importance Sampling By Jose Blanchet, Kevin Abstract In this paper we explain some connections between Lyapunov meth- ods and subsolutions of an associated Lyapunov inequality, have been re- cently proposed (see e.g. [12, 14]) and have been succesfully
On Lyapunov Inequalities and Subsolutions for Efficient Importance Sampling
Blanchet, Jose H.
On Lyapunov Inequalities and Subsolutions for Efficient Importance Sampling By Jose Blanchet, Peter Abstract In this paper we explain some connections between Lyapunov methods and subso- lutions, subsolutions can be derived by taking an appropriate limit of an associated Lyapunov inequality. They have been
Chatziantoniou, Damianos
IN GREECE» ( ) Abstract Income inequality gains significance from its close relationship with social distribution in Greece utilizing alternative data sources and employing several statistic and econometric is the introduction. Chapter 2 presents a detailed literature review of income inequality in Greece. Data
A General Relativistic Generalization of Bell Inequality
Vladan Pankovic
2005-06-16T23:59:59.000Z
In this work a general relativistic generalization of Bell inequality is suggested. Namely,it is proved that practically in any general relativistic metric there is a generalization of Bell inequality.It can be satisfied within theories of local (subluminal) hidden variables, but it cannot be satisfied in the general case within standard quantum mechanical formalism or within theories of nonlocal (superluminal) hidden variables. It is shown too that within theories of nonlocal hidden variables but not in the standard quantum mechanical formalism a paradox appears in the situation when one of the correlated subsystems arrives at a Schwarzschild black hole. Namely, there is no way that black hole horizon obstructs superluminal influences between spin of the subsystem without horizon and spin of the subsystem within horizon,or simply speaking,there is none black hole horizon nor "no hair" theorem for subsystems with correlated spins. It implies that standard quantum mechanical formalism yields unique consistent and complete description of the quantum mechanical phenomenons.
THE EMERGENCE OF INEQUALITY IN SMALL-SCALE SOCIETIES: SIMPLE SCENARIOS AND AGENT-BASED SIMULATIONS
Smith, Eric Alden
institutionalized political and economic inequality--for most of our species' history. Non-egalitarian societies
Dynamics, space, and regional inequality in provincial China: A case study of Guangdong province
Wei, Yehua Dennis
that the policies toward inequality-reducing in Guangdong have been constrained by the geographical barriers
Human Ecology, Vol. 32, No. 3, June 2004 ( C 2004) Do Markets Worsen Economic Inequalities?
Gurven, Michael
Human Ecology, Vol. 32, No. 3, June 2004 ( C 2004) Do Markets Worsen Economic Inequalities? Kuznets,forexample,increasingincomeinequal- ities. The Kuznets hypothesis predicts that the link between income inequality and income (a proxy: economic inequality; Kuznets; Tsimane'; Bolivia; markets; globalization. INTRODUCTION Economic inequalities
Bell inequalities violated using detectors of low efficiency
Karoly F. Pal; Tamas Vertesi
2015-08-06T23:59:59.000Z
We define a family of binary outcome $n$-party $m\\leq n$ settings per party Bell inequalities whose members require the least detection efficiency for their violation among all known inequalities of the same type. This gives upper bounds for the minimum value of the critical efficiency --- below which no violation is possible --- achievable for such inequalities. For $m=2$, our family reduces to the one given by Larsson and Semitecolos in 2001. For $m>2$, a gap remains between these bounds and the best lower bounds. The violating state near the threshold efficiency always approaches a product state of $n$ qubits.
Calibration robust entanglement detection beyond Bell inequalities
Tobias Moroder; Oleg Gittsovich
2011-11-25T23:59:59.000Z
In its vast majority entanglement verification is examined either in the complete characterized or totally device independent scenario. The assumptions imposed by these extreme cases are often either too weak or strong for real experiments. Here we investigate this detection task for the intermediate regime where partial knowledge of the measured observables is known, considering cases like orthogonal, sharp or only dimension bounded measurements. We show that for all these assumptions it is not necessary to violate a corresponding Bell inequality in order to detect entanglement. We derive strong detection criteria that can be directly evaluated for experimental data and which are robust against large classes of calibration errors. The conditions are even capable of detecting bound entanglement under the sole assumption of dimension bounded measurements.
Rucci, A.
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
T. Takayama, 1966, Inequality restric¬ tions in regressionEstima¬ tion with Inequality Restrictions on Parameters: TheLiew, C . K . , 1976b, Inequality Constrained Least-Squares
On the infimum convolution inequality and J. O. Wojtaszczyk
Latala, Rafal
study the infimum convolution inequalites. Such an inequality was first introduced by B. Maurey to give can be obtained from con- centration inequalites, and follow on to prove IC for the uniform measure
A Markov-type inequality for arbitrary plane continua
1910-51-20T23:59:59.000Z
Dec 8, 2005 ... for all polynomials f. We prove a precise version of this inequality with an arbitrary continuum in the complex plane instead of the interval. [?1,1].
Outline for Linear Equations and Inequalities of 2 variables
charlotb
2010-04-15T23:59:59.000Z
Outline for Linear Equations and Inequalities of 2 variables. A. 1. Substitute any value for x in the equation and solve for y. This results in a point (x, y). OR.
Sub-Riemannian isoperimetric inequalities on totally geodesic ...
Fabrice Baudoin
2015-01-28T23:59:59.000Z
Jan 29, 2015 ... The isoperimetric inequality writes for nice sets A. µ(A) ? Cisoµ(?A) n n?1 and the equality is achieved when A is a sphere. Ciso is called the ...
Transportation cost inequalities for diffusions under uniform distance
Ali Suleyman Ustunel
2010-11-04T23:59:59.000Z
We prove the transportation inequality with the uniform norm for the laws of diffusion processes with Lipschitz and/or dissipative coefficients and apply them to some singular stochastic differential equations of interest.
A simple exact separation algorithm for 2-matching inequalities.
Julian Araoz
2007-11-07T23:59:59.000Z
Nov 7, 2007 ... ldc.usb.ve). Abstract: In this work we present an exact separation algorithm for the so called co-circuit inequalities, otherwise known as parity or ...
On the Convergence of Classical Variational Inequality Algorithms
Magnanti, Thomas L.
In this paper, we establish global convergence results for projection and relaxation algorithms for solving variational inequality problems, and for the Frank-Wolfe algorithm for solving convex optimization problems defined ...
ON WEIGHTED INEQUALITIES FOR FRACTIONAL INTEGRALS OF RADIAL FUNCTIONS
De NÃ¡poli, Pablo Luis
for this operator (also called weighted Hardy-Little- wood-Sobolev inequalities) go back to G. H. Hardy and J. E for the fractional integral with general weights were later stud- ied by several people, see for example [8
Outsourcing and wage inequality in the home country
Hsu, Kuang-Chung
2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z
This dissertation consists of three essays, which mainly talk about the wage inequality caused by outsourcing in the source countries like the US. The title of the first essay is “Does Outsourcing Always Benefit Skilled Labor? A Dynamic Product...
Quantum Fourier transform and tomographic Renyi entropic inequalities
M. A. Man'ko; V. I. Man'ko
2009-02-25T23:59:59.000Z
Renyi entropy associated with spin tomograms of quantum states is shown to obey to new inequalities containing the dependence on quantum Fourier transform. The limiting inequality for the von Neumann entropy of spin quantum states and a new kind of entropy associated with quantum Fourier transform are obtained. Possible connections with subadditivity and strong subadditivity conditions for tomographic entropies and von Neumann entropies are discussed.
What Drives the Public Mood of Income Inequality
Myers, Rebekah M
2014-08-13T23:59:59.000Z
on Income Inequality Move Opinion? . . . 5 1.3.1 Presidential Agenda Setting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 1.3.2 Can the President Move Opinion? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 1.3.3 Strategic Presidential Rhetoric... Inequality Move Opinion? 1.3.1 Presidential Agenda Setting The president is elected with expectations that he will implement the policies he advocated for in his platform during his campaign. These issues have been strate- gically predetermined...
Mobasher, Barzin
Monotonic and cyclic flexural behavior of plain concrete beams strengthened by fabric-cement based: Pultrusion, fabric, cement paste, cyclic, flexural, ductility, strengthening, concrete beam ABSTRACT notch sensitive. Textile fabrics have been recently developed as a new class of cement based materials
FRPs for Strengthening and Rehabilitation: Durability Issues K.W. Neale1
Labossière, Pierre
1 FRPs for Strengthening and Rehabilitation: Durability Issues K.W. Neale1 , P. Labossière2 and M) strengthening and rehabilitation technologies are addressed. A brief overview of some recent research activities accelerated tests, is emphasized. Introduction The needs for civil engineering infrastructure rehabilitation
EIA and green procurement: Opportunities for strengthening their coordination
Uttam, Kedar, E-mail: kedar@kth.se [Department of Land and Water Resources Engineering, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm (Sweden); Faith-Ell, Charlotta, E-mail: charlotta.faith-ell@WSPGroup.se [WSP Sweden (Sweden); Balfors, Berit, E-mail: balfors@kth.se [Department of Land and Water Resources Engineering, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm (Sweden)
2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z
EIA plays an important role in enhancing the environmental performance of the construction sector. In recent years, the construction sector has been developing green procurement practices. Green procurement is a process that involves the incorporation of environmental requirements during the procurement of services and products. However, discussion on green procurement is rarely seen during the EIA phase. This paper addresses possible opportunities for improving the coordination between EIA and green procurement within the construction sector. The linking of EIA and green procurement has been postulated in the paper as an aid to strengthen the coordination between project planning and implementation. The paper is based on a literature review and is an outcome of an on-going research project concerning EIA and green procurement. This study indicated that it would be appropriate to introduce green procurement during the pre-decision phase of an EIA. In the present study, the opportunities for integrating green procurement at the stage of EIA are associated with the integration of project planning and EIA. Future research should investigate the mechanism through which the link can be established. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer This paper identifies opportunities to link EIA and green procurement. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Pre-decision phase of EIA could be appropriate for planning green procurement. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Future research should investigate the mechanism for establishing the link.
Oxide Dispersion Strengthened Iron Aluminide by CVD Coated Powders
Asit Biswas Andrew J. Sherman
2006-09-25T23:59:59.000Z
This I &I Category2 program developed chemical vapor deposition (CVD) of iron, aluminum and aluminum oxide coated iron powders and the availability of high temperature oxidation, corrosion and erosion resistant coating for future power generation equipment and can be used for retrofitting existing fossil-fired power plant equipment. This coating will provide enhanced life and performance of Coal-Fired Boilers components such as fire side corrosion on the outer diameter (OD) of the water wall and superheater tubing as well as on the inner diameter (ID) and OD of larger diameter headers. The program also developed a manufacturing route for readily available thermal spray powders for iron aluminide coating and fabrication of net shape component by powder metallurgy route using this CVD coated powders. This coating can also be applid on jet engine compressor blade and housing, industrial heat treating furnace fixtures, magnetic electronic parts, heating element, piping and tubing for fossil energy application and automotive application, chemical processing equipment , heat exchanger, and structural member of aircraft. The program also resulted in developing a new fabrication route of thermal spray coating and oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) iron aluminide composites enabling more precise control over material microstructures.
Hipp, John R
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
James W. 1990. "Ethnic Inequality and the Rate of Homicide."Blau. 1982. "The Cost of Inequality: Metropolitan StructureSociology 83:26-54. —. 1987. Inequality and Heterogeneity :
Oakes, Timothy Andrew
1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
- strengthened and tempered glass are then used for determining the design load after the annealed glass design load is calculated. The widely accepted design factors for heat-strengthened and tempered glass are 2. 0 and 4. 0 respectively. The traditional...-STRENGTHENED AND TEMPERED GLASS DESIGN FACTOR TABLES LOWEST FACTOR WITHIN ASPECT RATIO CHARTS . . . . . . . ~ . ~ . ~ 193 VITA 212 LIST OF FIGURES Page Figure 1 Typical stress profile of tempered and heat-strengthened glass Figure 2 Expected wind velocities on a 50...
Qapo, Michael; Dirar, Samir; Yang, Jian; Elshafie, Mohammed Z. E. B.
2014-12-16T23:59:59.000Z
strengthening systems for existing PC bridges. EB CFRP shear strengthening systems have several advantages over traditional strengthening systems, such as high strength to weight ratio, ease of use, and resistance to corrosion (ACI 440R-07 2007; Murphy et al... capacities of the tested PC girders with a mean experimental/predicted ratio of 0.90 and a standard deviation of 0.10. The mid-span deflections at failure of the tested PC girders were predicted with a mean experimental/predicted ratio of 1.06 and a...
Chemically strengthened protection glasses for the applications of space solar cells
Wang, H. F., E-mail: whf2008@dhu.edu.cn [College of Material Science and Engineering, Donghua University, 2999 North Renmin Road, Songjiang District, Shanghai 201620 (China); Xing, G. Z., E-mail: guozhong.xing@unsw.edu.au; Zhang, L.; Li, S. [School of Materials Science and Engineering, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales 2052 (Australia)] [School of Materials Science and Engineering, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales 2052 (Australia); Wang, X. Y. [Department of Civil Engineering, Northeast Dianli University, Jilin 132012 (China)] [Department of Civil Engineering, Northeast Dianli University, Jilin 132012 (China); Zhang, L. L. [Zhuhai College of Jilin University, Zhuhai, Guangdong, 519041 (China)] [Zhuhai College of Jilin University, Zhuhai, Guangdong, 519041 (China)
2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z
The effects of chemically strengthened processing and the ion beam irradiation on the mechanical characteristics of space solar cell protection glasses are investigated using dynamic mechanical analysis and micro hardness instrument; also the corresponding optical properties were analyzed by utilizing the UV/visible spectrophotometer. The results suggest that the flexural strength, fracture toughness and surface characteristics are enhanced via the chemical strengthening process. Importantly, such process has a trivial influence with ?0.2% degradation on the transparency of chemically strengthened glasses in the band range of 350 ? 1000 nm, while exhibits an excellent resistance on radiation damage by ion beams bombardment, demonstrating an outstanding durability in the space radiation environment.
Labour's Record on Cash Transfers, Poverty, Inequality and the Lifecycle 1997 -2010
Banaji,. Murad
Labour's Record on Cash Transfers, Poverty, Inequality and the Lifecycle 1997 - 2010 John Hills ...................................................................................................................20 6. Outcomes: Poverty rates on the distribution of wealth, poverty, income inequality and spatial difference. The full programme of analysis
The Ford-Pfenning Quantum Inequalities(QI) Analysis applied to the Natario Warp Drive Spacetime.
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
The Ford-Pfenning Quantum Inequalities(QI) Analysis applied to the Natario Warp Drive Spacetime-called Quantum Inequalities(QI) that restricts the time we can observe the negative energy density.This time
Inequalities of Hardy–Sobolev Type in Carnot–Carathéodory Spaces
Donatel
2010-11-04T23:59:59.000Z
Abstract We consider various types of Hardy–Sobolev inequalities on a ... A celebrated inequality of S.L. Sobolev [49] states that for any 1
A taxonomy of descent algorithms for nonlinear programs and variational inequalities
Patriksson, Michael
A taxonomy of descent algorithms for nonlinear programs and variational inequalities Michael describes the problem and the choices of cost approximating mappings and merit functions. The taxonomy. Taxonomy, classification, nonlinear programs, variational inequalities, descent algo rithms, cost
Economic Growth, Poverty and Inequality: Indian Experience of Reforms and Development
Krivobokova, Tatyana
of Kuznets' (1955) hypothesis that income inequality increases during the early stages of development and decreases at later stages. Kuznets found an inverted U-shaped relation between income inequality and GNP per
An inequality for the trace of matrix products, using absolute values
Bernhard Baumgartner
2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
The absolute value of matrices is used in order to give inequalities for the trace of products. An application gives a very short proof of the tracial matrix Hoelder inequality
Some Thoughts on the Adaptive Function of Inequity Aversion: An Alternative to Brosnans Social
Santos, Laurie R.
and explore how it may have given rise to inequality-averse behavior in social settings. We conclude
The Modal Logic of Inequality Author(s): Maarten de Rijke
de Rijke, Maarten
on the relation of inequality.The proposal to consider the D-operator is due to several people independently
A Super-Additivity Inequality for Channel Capacity of Classical-Quantum Channels
Rahul Jain
2009-02-20T23:59:59.000Z
We show a super-additivity inequality for the channel capacity of classical-quantum (c - q) channels.
Coherent control and manifestation of inequality of forward and reversed processes in optics
V. A. Kuz'menko
2004-03-12T23:59:59.000Z
The experiments with broadband down-converted light clearly show inequality of forward and reversed processes in optics.
The Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen Argument and the Bell Inequalities
Szabo, Laszlo E
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In 1935 Einstein, Podolsky, and Rosen (EPR) published an important paper in which they claimed that the whole formalism of quantum mechanics together with what they called "Reality Criterion" imply that quantum mechanics cannot be complete. That is, there must exist some elements of reality that are not described by quantum mechanics. There must be, they concluded, a more complete description of physical reality behind quantum mechanics. There must be a state, a hidden variable, characterizing the state of affairs in the world in more details than the quantum mechanical state, something that also reflects the missing elements of reality. Under some further but quite plausible assumptions, this conclusion implies that in some spin-correlation experiments the measured quantum mechanical probabilities should satisfy particular inequalities (Bell-type inequalities). The paradox consists in the fact that quantum probabilities do not satisfy these inequalities. And this paradoxical fact has been confirmed by severa...
Multipartite Bell-type Inequality by Generalizing Wigner's Argument
Dipankar Home; Debashis Saha; Siddhartha Das
2014-12-05T23:59:59.000Z
Wigner's argument inferring Bell-type inequality for the EPR-Bohm entangled state is generalized here for any N-partite state. This is based on assuming for the relevant dichotomic observables the existence of the overall joint probability distributions, satisfying the locality condition, that would yield the measurable marginal probabilities. For any N, such Generalized Wigner's Inequality (GWI) is violated by quantum mechanics for all pure entangled states. The e?cacy of GWI is probed, comparing with the Seevinck-Svetlichny multipartite Bell-type inequality, by calculating threshold visibilities for the quadripartite GHZ, Cluster andWstates that determine their respective robustness with respect to the quantum mechanical violation of GWI in the presence of white noise.
Karnauskas, Kristopher B.
Several recent studies utilizing global climate models predict that the Pacific Equatorial Undercurrent (EUC) will strengthen over the twenty-first century. Here, historical changes in the tropical Pacific are investigated ...
U.S. Department of Energy and Qatar Sign Agreement to Strengthen...
Sign Agreement to Strengthen Cooperation on Clean Energy April 6, 2011 - 12:00am Addthis New York City - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the Qatar Science & Technology Park...
Netoff, Theoden
-increasing list of goods, services, and aesthetic values. RESOURCES: Extension's Center for Food, Agricultural agricultural and forestry practices that are economically and environmentally sustainable · Finding solutionsEXTENSION CENTER FOR FOOD, AGRICULTURAL AND NATURAL RESOURCE SCIENCES Strengthening Minnesota
Santerre, Rock
A Bayesian method for linear, inequality-constrained adjustment and its application to GPS 2005 Abstract. One of the typical approaches to linear, inequality-constrained adjustment (LICA be improved significantly and the new approach is feasible. Key words: Linear, inequality-constrained
H Filtering with Inequality Constraints for Aircraft Turbofan Engine Health Estimation
Simon, Dan
shows how inequality-constrained H filtering can be applied to aircraft engine health estimation the inequality-constrained H filter can be reduced to a standard H filter combined with a quadratic programming health parameter estimation. This paper applies inequality-constrained H filtering to estimate aircraft
A Gibbs sampler for inequality-constrained geostatistical interpolation and inverse modeling
Michalak, Anna M.
A Gibbs sampler for inequality-constrained geostatistical interpolation and inverse modeling Anna M. M. (2008), A Gibbs sampler for inequality-constrained geostatistical interpolation and inverse to inequality-constrained data and parameters. The approach is to be applicable with any variogram or covariance
Asymptotic distribution of inequality-restricted canonical correlation with application to tests for
Kuriki, Satoshi
Asymptotic distribution of inequality-restricted canonical correlation with application to tests Running Head: Inequality-restricted canonical correlation Address for correspondence: Satoshi Kuriki-way ordered contingency tables based on these models are devel- oped in a general framework of inequality-restricted
H Filtering with Inequality Constraints for Aircraft Turbofan Engine Health Estimation
Simon, Dan
, this paper shows how the inequality-constrained H filtering problem can be reduced to a standard quadratic programming problem; third, this paper shows how inequality-constrained H filtering can be applied inequality-constrained H filtering to estimate aircraft engine component efficiencies and flow capacities
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Eur J Cancer. Author manuscript Page /1 5 Social inequalities in cancer incidence and cancer ( ). With regards to cancer risk, a first comprehensive review of socioeconomic inequalities was1 published by IARC in 1997 ( ). This review covered inequalities in cancer mortality, incidence and survival and discussed
The Impact of Trade on Wage Inequality in Developing Countries: Technology vs. Comparative Advantage
Bandyopadhyay, Antar
The Impact of Trade on Wage Inequality in Developing Countries: Technology vs. Comparative: Wages, Inequality, Trade, Technology Transfer First draft, 20.09.2014 Summary During the expansion of world trade since the 1980s, measures of inequality have risen not only in developed countries, but also
Experimental Test of Bell inequalities with Six-Qubit Graph States
Wei-Bo Gao; Xing-Can Yao; Ping Xu; Otfried Gühne; Adán Cabello; Chao-Yang Lu; Tao Yang; Zeng-Bing Chen; Jian-Wei Pan
2011-01-04T23:59:59.000Z
We report on the experimental realization of two different Bell inequality tests based on six-qubit linear-type and Y-shape graph states. For each of these states, the Bell inequalities tested are optimal in the sense that they provide the maximum violation among all Bell inequalities with stabilizing observables and possess the maximum resistance to noise.
Exponential inequalities for martingales and asymptotic properties of the free energy of
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Exponential inequalities for martingales and asymptotic properties of the free energy of directed exponential concentration inequalities for the free energy of directed polymers in random environment, show in terms of free energies of some multiplicative cascades, which improves an inequality of Comets
Unfair inequalities in health and health care Marc Fleurbaey and Erik Schokkaert
Nesterov, Yurii
2007/90 Unfair inequalities in health and health care Marc Fleurbaey and Erik Schokkaert #12;CORE DISCUSSION PAPER 2007/90 Unfair inequalities in health and health care Marc FLEURBAEY 1 and Erik SCHOKKAERT2 November2007 Abstract Inequalities in health and health care are caused by different factors. Measuring
The Leggett-Garg inequality in electron interferometers
Clive Emary; Neill Lambert; Franco Nori
2012-10-09T23:59:59.000Z
We consider the violation of the Leggett-Garg inequality in electronic Mach-Zehnder inteferometers. This set-up has two distinct advantages over earlier quantum-transport proposals: firstly, the required correlation functions can be obtained without time-resolved measurements. Secondly, the geometry of an interferometer allows one to construct the correlation functions from ideal negative measurements, which addresses the non-invasiveness requirement of the Leggett-Garg inequality. We discuss two concrete realisations of these ideas: the first in quantum Hall edge-channels, the second in a double quantum dot interferometer.
Tsirelson's bound from a Generalised Data Processing Inequality
Dahlsten, Oscar C O; Renner, Renato
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The strength of quantum correlations is bounded from above by Tsirelson's bound. We establish a connection between this bound and the fact that correlations between two systems cannot increase under local operations, a property known as the \\emph{data processing inequality}. More specifically, we consider arbitrary convex probabilistic theories. These can be equipped with an entropy measure that naturally generalizes the von Neumann entropy, as shown recently in [Short and Wehner]. We prove that if the data processing inequality holds with respect to this generalized entropy measure then the underlying theory necessarily respects Tsirelson's bound. We moreover generalise this statement to any entropy measure satisfying certain minimal requirements.
Multivariate extensions of the Golden-Thompson inequality
Frank Hansen
2014-07-02T23:59:59.000Z
We study concave trace functions of several operator variables and formulate and prove multivariate generalisations of the Golden-Thompson inequality. The obtained results imply that certain functionals in quantum statistical mechanics have bounds of the same form as they appear in classical physics.
Submanifolds of codimension two attaining equality in an extrinsic inequality
Tojeiro, Marcos Dajczer Ruy
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We provide a parametric construction in terms of minimal surfaces of the Euclidean submanifolds of codimension two and arbitrary dimension that attain equality in an inequality due to De Smet, Dillen, Verstraelen and Vrancken. The latter involves the scalar curvature, the norm of the normal curvature tensor and the length of the mean curvature vector.
Asymptotic and Bootstrap Inference for Inequality and Poverty Measures
Boyer, Edmond
Asymptotic and Bootstrap Inference for Inequality and Poverty Measures by Russell Davidson samples, although inference with poverty indices is satisfactory. We find that the major cause method in moderately large samples. JEL codes: C00, C15, I32 Key words: Income distribution, poverty
Kalman Filtering with Inequality Constraints for Turbofan Engine Health Estimation
Simon, Dan
Kalman Filtering with Inequality Constraints for Turbofan Engine Health Estimation ¤ Dan Simon, OH 44115 Cleveland, OH 44135 Abstract Kalman ¯lters are often used to estimate the state variables of a dynamic system. However, in the application of Kalman ¯lters some known signal information is often either
Backward stochastic variational inequalities under weak assumptions on the data
Maticiuc, Lucian; Zalinescu, Adrian
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The aim of this paper is to study the existence and uniqueness of the solution of the backward stochastic differential equations involving the subdifferential operator $\\partial\\varphi$ (also called backward stochastic variational inequalities): \\[ {\\begin{array} [c]{l}% -dY_{t}+\\partial\\varphi(Y_{t}) dt\
Proceedings Article Differential Pricing with inequity aversion in social networks
Shamir, Ron
Proceedings Article Differential Pricing with inequity aversion in social networks Noga Alon, Tel the algorithmic problem of maximizing revenue in a network using differential pricing, where the prices offered pricing can be computed efficiently, even for arbitrary revenue functions. In contrast, we show
Optimization on linear matrix inequalities for polynomial systems control
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Optimization on linear matrix inequalities for polynomial systems control Didier Henrion1,2 Draft Many problems of systems control theory boil down to solving polynomial equations, polynomial conclude this part with applications to optimal control (design of a trajectory optimal w.r.t. a given
Averaged null energy condition and quantum inequalities in curved spacetime
Eleni-Alexandra Kontou
2015-07-22T23:59:59.000Z
The Averaged Null Energy Condition (ANEC) states that the integral along a complete null geodesic of the projection of the stress-energy tensor onto the tangent vector to the geodesic cannot be negative. ANEC can be used to rule out spacetimes with exotic phenomena, such as closed timelike curves, superluminal travel and wormholes. We prove that ANEC is obeyed by a minimally-coupled, free quantum scalar field on any achronal null geodesic (not two points can be connected with a timelike curve) surrounded by a tubular neighborhood whose curvature is produced by a classical source. To prove ANEC we use a null-projected quantum inequality, which provides constraints on how negative the weighted average of the renormalized stress-energy tensor of a quantum field can be. Starting with a general result of Fewster and Smith, we first derive a timelike projected quantum inequality for a minimally-coupled scalar field on flat spacetime with a background potential. Using that result we proceed to find the bound of a quantum inequality on a geodesic in a spacetime with small curvature, working to first order in the Ricci tensor and its derivatives. The last step is to derive a bound for the null-projected quantum inequality on a general timelike path. Finally we use that result to prove achronal ANEC in spacetimes with small curvature.
On an improvement of the Hardy-Hilbert type inequality
Guang-Sheng Chen
2011-05-15T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper, by estimating the weight coefficient effectively, we establish an improvement of a Hardy-Hilbert type inequality proved by B.C. Yang, our main tool is Euler-Maclaurin expansion for the zeta function. As applications, some particular results are considered
Galam, Serge
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The drastic effect of local alliances in three-party competition is investigated in democratic hierarchical bottom-up voting. The results are obtained analytically using a model which extends a sociophysics frame introduced in 1986 \\cite{psy} and 1990 \\cite{lebo} to study two-party systems and the spontaneous formation of democratic dictatorship. It is worth stressing that the 1990 paper was published in the Journal of Statistical Physics, the first paper of its kind in the journal. It was shown how a minority in power can preserve its leadership using bottom-up democratic elections. However such a bias holds only down to some critical value of minimum support. The results were used latter to explain the sudden collapse of European communist parties in the nineties. The extension to three-party competition reveals the mechanisms by which a very small minority party can get a substantial representation at higher levels of the hierarchy when the other two competing parties are big. Additional surprising results...
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Yu, Xiaohui; Zhang, Ruifeng; Weldon, David; Vogel, Sven C.; Zhang, Jianzhong; Brown, Donald W.; Wang, Yanbin; Reiche, Helmut M.; Wang, Shanmin; Du, Shiyu; et al
2015-07-28T23:59:59.000Z
We studied the phase-transition induced texture changes and strengthening mechanism for zirconium metal under quasi-hydrostatic compression and uni-axial deformation under confined high pressure using the deformation-DIA (D-DIA) apparatus. It is shown that the experimentally obtained texture for ?-phase Zr can be qualitatively described by combining a subset of orientation variants previously proposed in two different models. The determined flow stress for the high-pressure ?-phase is 0.5–1.2 GPa, more than three times higher than that of the ?-phase. Using first-principles calculations, we investigated the mechanical and electronic properties of the two Zr polymorphs. We find that the observed strengthening can bemore »attributed to the relatively strong directional bonding in the ? phase, which significantly increases its shear plastic resistance over the ?-phase Zr. The present findings provide an alternate route for Zr metal strengthening by high-pressure phase transformation.« less
Sanjeevi, Sujeevraja
2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z
of these inequalities. First we introduce the mixed n-step mixed integer rounding (MIR) inequalities for a generalization of the mixing set which we refer to as the n-mixing set. The n-mixing set is a multi-constraint mixed integer set in which each constraint has n...
Little, Stafford Dean
1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Dispersion Strengthened Aluminum-Iron-Vanadium-Silicon Alloy. (December 1991) Stafford Dean Little, B. S. , Texas A&M University Co-Chairs of Advisory Committee: Dr. M. N. Srinivasan Dr. A. Wolfenden A research program has been completed at Texas A...&M University in which the structure and properties of a rapidly solidified dispersion strengthened aluminum-iron- vanadium-silicon alloy were evaluated. A series of melt spun ribbons of FVS1212 (Fe- 11. 5%, V-1. 4%, Si-2. 2%, Al-bal) were produced...
Inequalities for quantum channels assisted by limited resources
Vittorio Giovannetti
2005-07-04T23:59:59.000Z
The information capacities and ``distillability'' of a quantum channel are studied in the presence of auxiliary resources. These include prior entanglement shared between the sender and receiver and free classical bits of forward and backward communication. Inequalities and trade-off curves are derived. In particular an alternative proof is given that in the absence of feedback and shared entanglement, forward classical communication does not increase the quantum capacity of a channel.
BK-type inequalities and generalized random-cluster representations
Berg, J van den
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Recently, van den Berg and Jonasson gave the first substantial extension of the BK inequality for non-product measures: they proved that, for k-out-of-n measures, the probability that two increasing events occur disjointly is at most the product of the two individual probabilities. We show several other extensions and modifications of the BK inequality.In particular, we prove that the antiferromagnetic Ising Curie-Weiss model satisfies the BK inequality for all increasing events. We prove that this also holds for the Curie-Weiss model with three-body interactions under the so-called Negative Lattice Condition. For the ferromagnetic Ising model we show that the probability that two events occur `cluster-disjointly' is at most the product of the two individual probabilities, and we give a more abstract form of this result for arbitrary Gibbs measures. The above cases are derived from a general abstract theorem whose proof is based on an extension of the Fortuin-Kasteleyn random-cluster representation for all pr...
Clauser-Horne/Eberhard inequality violation by a local model
Donald A. Graft
2015-08-10T23:59:59.000Z
The Clauser-Horne/Eberhard inequality has taken center stage in tests of locality thanks to its immunity to the detection loophole. I describe a local model that violates the inequality using a plausible mechanism relying upon a parameter of the apparatus, the emission rate. The effect is generated through the analysis of time-tagged data using a standard windowed coincidence method; however, the detection times are not functions of the measurement settings. The analysis does not introduce the nonlocal behavior typical of previous coincidence window models. This finding has implications for the design and interpretation of experiments, as it shows that the coincidence window loophole cannot be eliminated by a demonstration of independence of the detection times and settings. The paper describes a reliable coincidence counting method and shows that it delivers an accurate count of true coincidences. Recent experimental tests of local realism based on the Clauser-Horne/Eberhard inequality are considered and it is shown that in one case (Christensen et al.) the emission rate is appropriately limited to ensure valid counting, and the data confirms local realism; in a second case (Giustina et al.) the experiment fails to appropriately limit the emission rate, and the claimed violation can be accounted for locally.
The Political-Economic and Demographic Causes of Metropolitan Income Inequality and Its Components
Chen, XI
2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z
by standardizing pay among them within industrial units, e.g. plant, factory, or firm, but also equalize pay across units and reduce inequality by narrowing the earning gap between blue collar workers and highly paid professionals and executives. Furthermore... in various industrial and occupational categories. The most widely discussed demand-side factors 22 in studies on income inequality include industrial and occupational structure, size of the public sector, racial inequality caused by discrimination...
Operator reflection positivity inequalities and their applications to interacting quantum rotors
Jacek Wojtkiewicz; Wies?aw Pusz; Piotr Stachura
2015-07-11T23:59:59.000Z
In the Reflection Positivity theory and its application to statistical mechanical systems, certain matrix inequalities play a central role. The Dyson-Lieb-Simon and Kennedy-Lieb-Shastry-Schupp inequalities constitute prominent examples. In this paper we extend the KLS-S inequality to the case where matrices are replaced by certain operators. As an application, we prove the occurrence of the long range order in the ground state of two-dimensional quantum rotors.
Denham, Graham
conservation and management through the application of advanced weather modeling and smart grid technologiesThe Southern Ontario Smart Computing Consortium helps strengthen Canada's digital economy by providing a new innovation framework that helps solve critical challenges facing our cities, environment
STATIC AND FATIGUE PERFORMANCE OF 40 YEAR OLD PRESTRESSED CONCRETE GIRDERS STRENGTHENED program aimed at investigating the static and fatigue behavior of 40 year old prestressed concrete bridge girders were tested as control girders (one in static and one in fatigue), while the remaining ten girders
FATIGUE BEHAVIOR OF PRESTRESSED CONCRETE BRIDGE1 GIRDERS STRENGTHENED WITH VARIOUS CFRP SYSTEMS2
strengthening systems for prestressed concrete using CFRP materials. The15 feasibility of using carbon fiber the load-carrying capacity thus extending their service life.32 33 The use of externally bonded and NSM Owen A. Rosenboom, Sami H. Rizkalla3 4 5 6 Synopsis:7 8 Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer (CFRP
Gilli, Adrian
Mid-Holocene strengthening of the Southern Westerlies in South America -- Sedimentological layers, a composite sedimentological record of almost 25 m was established covering the last ~16,000 cal yr. Sedimentological and petrophysical analysis of the cores revealed the establishment of a dominant
STRENGTHENING OF CONCRETE ROOF USING CFRP STRIPS Emile Shehata, Sami Rizkalla .
STRENGTHENING OF CONCRETE ROOF USING CFRP STRIPS Emile Shehata, Sami Rizkalla . ISIS-Canada NCE and control the deformation of existing roof panels at the North End Winnipeg Pollution Control Center (NEWPCC old concrete roof structure. The use of epoxy-bonded CFRP laminates was selected du
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
1 LOW ENERGYHIGH FLUX NITROGEN IMPLANTATION OF AN OXIDE- DISPERSION-STRENGTHENED Fe countercurrent diffusion of nitrogen and aluminium seems to proceed. As a result, segregation of -Fe is observed alloys, the nitridation of titanium aluminides have received most of the attention concerning
Dislocation reactions, plastic anisotropy and forest strengthening in MgO at high temperature
Devincre, Benoit
Dislocation reactions, plastic anisotropy and forest strengthening in MgO at high temperature J 2013 Available online 18 January 2014 Keywords: MgO Plasticity Dislocation Dynamics simulation Forest by forest reactions. Impor- tant parameters for dislocation density based modeling of MgO plasticity
SHEAR STRENGTHENING USING FRJ> SHEETS FOR A HIGHWAY BRIDGE IN MANITOHA, CANADA
trucks demanded upgrading of a twenty-seven year old bridge in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. Analysis increasingly heavier truck loads. The twin five- span continuous prestressed concrete structures were designed strengthening since they are light-weight, corrosion- free, and have a high tensile strength. When compared
SHEAR STRENGTHENING USING CFRP SHEETS FOR A PRESTRESSED CONCRETE HIGHWAY BRIDGE
Engineering Building, University ofManitoba, Winnipeg MB, Canada, R3T 5V6 SUMMARY The use of heavier trucks. is considering an upgrading of the Maryland bridge in response to the demand for heavier truck loads. The twin provide an excellent solution for shear strengthening since they are light-weight, corrosion
Enhancing the MD-Strengthening and Designing Scalable Families of One-Way Hash Algorithms
International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)
Enhancing the MD-Strengthening and Designing Scalable Families of One-Way Hash Algorithms Neil Kauer Tony Suarez Yuliang Zheng November 1, 2005 Abstract One-way hash algorithms are an indispensable tool in data security. Over the last decade or so a number of one-way hash algorithms have been
raSAT: SMT for Polynomial Inequality To Van Khanh and Mizuhito Ogawa
Ogawa, Mizuhito
that satisfies given polyno- mial inequality/equality. For instance, xy.-y2 +(x2 -1)y-1 > 0-x2 -y2 +4 > 0
The Decline in Inequality In Brazil, 2003-2009: The Role Of The State
Souza, Pedro H.G.F.
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Calva and Lustig 2010). In Brazil, the largest country of2003. “Inequality in Brazil: The Contribution of Pensions. ”Cash Transfers in Brazil, Chile and Mexico: Impacts Upon
Naffakh Moosavy, Homam, E-mail: homam_naffakh@iust.ac.ir [School of Metallurgy and Materials Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology (IUST), Tehran 16846-13114 (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Aboutalebi, Mohammad-Reza; Seyedein, Seyed Hossein [School of Metallurgy and Materials Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology (IUST), Tehran 16846-13114 (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Mapelli, Carlo [Dipartimento di Meccanica, Politecnico di Milano, Via La Massa 34, Milan 20156 (Italy)
2013-08-15T23:59:59.000Z
Dissimilar welding of ??- and ??-strengthened nickel-base superalloys has been investigated to identify the relationship between the microstructure of the welds and the resultant mechanical and weldability characteristics. ??-Strengthened nickel-base Alloy 500 and ??-strengthened nickel-base Alloy 718 were used for dissimilar welding. Gas tungsten arc welding operations were utilized for performing the autogenous dissimilar welding. Alloy 500 and Alloy 718 base metals showed various types of phases, carbides, intermetallics and eutectics in their microstructure. The results for Alloy 500 weld metal showed severe segregation of titanium to the interdendritic regions. The Alloy 718 weld metal compositional analysis confirmed the substantial role of Nb in the formation of low-melting eutectic-type morphologies which can reduce the weldability. The microstructure of dissimilar weld metal with dilution level of 65% wt.% displayed semi-developed dendritic structure. The less segregation and less formation of low-melting eutectic structures caused to less susceptibility of the dissimilar weld metal to the solidification cracking. This result was confirmed by analytic modeling achievements. Dissolution of ??-Ni{sub 3}Nb precipitations took place in the Alloy 718 heat-affected zone leading to sharp decline of the microhardness in this region. Remelted and resolidified regions were observed in the partially-melted zone of Alloy 500 and Alloy 718. Nevertheless, no solidification and liquation cracking happened in the dissimilar welds. Finally, this was concluded that dissimilar welding of ??- and ??-strengthened nickel-base superalloys can successfully be performed. - Highlights: • Dissimilar welding of ??- and ??-strengthened nickel-base superalloys is studied. • Microstructural, mechanical and weldability aspects of the welds are assessed. • Microstructure of welds, bases and heat-affected zones is characterized in detail. • The type, morphology and distribution of the phases are thoroughly investigated. • Dissimilar welding is successfully performed without occurrence of any hot cracks.
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Ford-Pfenning Quantum Inequalities(QI) in the Natario Warp Drive Spacetime using the Planck Length for the warp drive are the so-called Quantum Inequalities(QI) that restricts the time we can observe
Golden, Miriam; Wallerstein, Michael
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
1, 289–325. Table 1: The Causes of Growing Pay Inequality in08 Domestic and International Causes for the Rise of Paystudy to report that the causes for pay inequality di?ered
A Non-linear Dynamical Systems' Proof of Kraft-McMillan Inequality and its Converse
Nithin Nagaraj
2007-10-31T23:59:59.000Z
In this short paper, we shall provide a dynamical systems' proof of the famous Kraft-McMillan inequality and its converse. Kraft-McMillan inequality is a basic result in information theory which gives a necessary and sufficient condition for the lengths of the codewords of a code to be uniquely decodable.
"To Have and Have Not" Migration, Remittances, Poverty and Inequality in Algeria
Boyer, Edmond
1 "To Have and Have Not" Migration, Remittances, Poverty and Inequality in Algeria David Margolis in Idjeur being twice as large as Nedroma. At the same time, they help reduce poverty by nearly 13 that the latter do not send money home. Keywords: Remittances, Migration, Poverty, Inequality, Algeria
Economic Reforms and Gender-based Wage Inequality in the Presence of Factor Market Distortions
Bandyopadhyay, Antar
1 Economic Reforms and Gender-based Wage Inequality in the Presence of Factor Market Distortions-based wage inequality. The analysis finds that credit market reform and tariff reform produce favourable reforms, general equilibrium. JEL classifications: D50, J16, F21. The authors are thankful to Prof
Wisconsin at Madison, University of
Reforms CHRISTINA EWIG and GASTO´ N A. PALMUCCI * University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA Summary implementation. We examine the 2004 Chilean health reforms that sought to regulate private insurers, and measure their effects on gender and age inequality. We find that reforms intended to decrease these inequalities largely
WORKING PAPER N 2007 -12 Education inequalities and the Kuznets curves
Boyer, Edmond
WORKING PAPER N° 2007 - 12 Education inequalities and the Kuznets curves: a global perspective, human capital, economic history, Kuznets curve. PARIS-JOURDAN SCIENCES ECONOMIQUES LABORATOIRE D2011 #12;Education Inequalities and the Kuznets Curves: A Global Perspective Since 1870 Christian
RESEARCH QUESTIONS 1. Are there environmental inequities in the distribution of large
Hall, Sharon J.
facilities and their hazardous emissions in the Phoenix metropolitan area? 2. Do patterns of inequities inequities in Phoenix change as locations and amounts of industrial emissions shift in the decade between 1990 and 2000? METHODOLOGY We begin our analysis by calculating a Hazards Density Index (HDI) for each
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362Transmission:portion5WhenEnergy 3 for the StateCoordination | Department ofE n E rgyB i z Jan.
Method of producing an oxide dispersion strengthened coating and micro-channels
Kang, Bruce S; Chyu, Minking K; Alvin, Mary Anne; Gleeson, Brian M
2013-12-17T23:59:59.000Z
The disclosure provides a method for the production of composite particles utilizing a mechano chemical bonding process following by high energy ball milling on a powder mixture comprised of coating particles, first host particles, and second host particles. The composite particles formed have a grain size of less than one micron with grains generally characterized by a uniformly dispersed coating material and a mix of first material and second material intermetallics. The method disclosed is particularly useful for the fabrication of oxide dispersion strengthened coatings, for example using a powder mixture comprised of Y.sub.2O.sub.3, Cr, Ni, and Al. This particular powder mixture may be subjected to the MCB process for a period generally less than one hour following by high energy ball milling for a period as short as 2 hours. After application by cold spraying, the composite particles may be heat treated to generate an oxide-dispersion strengthened coating.
Buck, Robert F. (N. Huntingdon, PA)
1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
An iron-based, corrosion-resistant, precipitation strengthened, martensitic steel essentially free of delta ferrite for use at high temperatures has a nominal composition of 0.05-0.1 C, 8-12 Cr, 1-5 Co, 0.5-2.0 Ni, 0.41-1.0 Mo, 0.1-0.5 Ti, and the balance iron. This steel is different from other corrosion-resistant martensitic steels because its microstructure consists of a uniform dispersion of fine particles, which are very closely spaced, and which do not coarsen at high temperatures. Thus at high temperatures this steel combines the excellent creep strength of dispersion-strengthened steels, with the ease of fabricability afforded by precipitation hardenable steels.
Buck, R.F.
1994-05-10T23:59:59.000Z
An iron-based, corrosion-resistant, precipitation strengthened, martensitic steel essentially free of delta ferrite for use at high temperatures has a nominal composition of 0.05--0.1 C, 8--12 Cr, 1--5 Co, 0.5--2.0 Ni, 0.41--1.0 Mo, 0.1--0.5 Ti, and the balance iron. This steel is different from other corrosion-resistant martensitic steels because its microstructure consists of a uniform dispersion of fine particles, which are very closely spaced, and which do not coarsen at high temperatures. Thus at high temperatures this steel combines the excellent creep strength of dispersion-strengthened steels, with the ease of fabricability afforded by precipitation hardenable steels. 2 figures.
A macro-realism inequality for opto-electro-mechanical systems
Neill Lambert; Robert Johansson; Franco Nori
2011-11-04T23:59:59.000Z
We show how to apply the Leggett-Garg inequality to opto-electro-mechanical systems near their quantum ground state. We find that by using a dichotomic quantum non-demolition measurement (via, e.g., an additional circuit-QED measurement device) either on the cavity or on the nanomechanical system itself, the Leggett-Garg inequality is violated. We argue that only measurements on the mechanical system itself give a truly unambigous violation of the Leggett-Garg inequality for the mechanical system. In this case, a violation of the Leggett-Garg inequality indicates physics beyond that of "macroscopic realism" is occurring in the mechanical system. Finally, we discuss the difficulties in using unbound non-dichotomic observables with the Leggett-Garg inequality.
Ka?amajska, Agnieszka
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We derive inequality [\\int_{\\r} |f^{'}(x)|^ph(f(x))dx \\le (\\sqrt{p-1})^p\\int_{\\r}(\\sqrt{|f^{"}(x){\\cal T}_h(f(x))|})^ph(f(x))dx,] where $f$ belongs locally to Sobolev space $W^{2,1}$ and $f^{'}$ has bounded support. Here $h(...)$ is a given function and ${\\cal T}_h(...)$ is its given transform, it is independent of $p$. In case when $h\\equiv 1$ we retrieve the well known inequality: (\\int_{\\r} |f^{'}(x)|^pdx \\le (\\sqrt{p-1})^p \\int_{\\r}(\\sqrt{|f^{"}(x)f(x)|})^pdx.) Our inequalities have form similar to the classical second order Oppial inequalites. They also extend certain class of inequalities due to Mazya, used to obtain second order isoperimetric inequalities and capacitary estimates. We apply them to obtain new apriori estimates for nonlinear eigenvalue problems.
Friction stir welding and processing of oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) alloys
Ren, Weiju
2014-11-11T23:59:59.000Z
A method of welding including forming a filler material of a first oxide dispersoid metal, the first oxide dispersoid material having first strengthening particles that compensate for decreases in weld strength of friction stir welded oxide dispersoid metals; positioning the filler material between a first metal structure and a second metal structure each being comprised of at least a second oxide dispersoid metal; and friction welding the filler material, the first metal structure and the second metal structure to provide a weld.
Little, Stafford Dean
1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1991 Major Subject: Mechanical Engineering STRUCTURE AND PROPERTIES OF A RAPIDLY SOLIDIFIED DISPERSION STRENGTHENED ALUMINUM-IRON-VANADIUM-SILICON ALLOY A Thesis by STAFFORD DEAN LITTLE Approved... Al-Fe-V-Si alloys II Three Component PUCOT Equations III Four Component PUCOT Equations 16 16 IV Melt Spinning Variables 19 V Young's Modulus Determined by PUCOT 27 VI Tensile Test Data VII Microhardness Measurements at Room Temperature 29...
Silver, Whendee
Iceland is a small democratic state of nearly 300,000 inhabitants that sits in the North Atlantic for innovation of global significance, the small island nation of Iceland has assumed near iconic status in one entrepreneurial vision, Iceland's genomic innovations have helped transform med- ical and genealogical information
Averaged null energy condition and quantum inequalities in curved spacetime
Kontou, Eleni-Alexandra
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The Averaged Null Energy Condition (ANEC) states that the integral along a complete null geodesic of the projection of the stress-energy tensor onto the tangent vector to the geodesic cannot be negative. ANEC can be used to rule out spacetimes with exotic phenomena, such as closed timelike curves, superluminal travel and wormholes. We prove that ANEC is obeyed by a minimally-coupled, free quantum scalar field on any achronal null geodesic (not two points can be connected with a timelike curve) surrounded by a tubular neighborhood whose curvature is produced by a classical source. To prove ANEC we use a null-projected quantum inequality, which provides constraints on how negative the weighted average of the renormalized stress-energy tensor of a quantum field can be. Starting with a general result of Fewster and Smith, we first derive a timelike projected quantum inequality for a minimally-coupled scalar field on flat spacetime with a background potential. Using that result we proceed to find the bound of a qu...
Stueart-Davis, Sonja Latrice
2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z
and knowledge of the Operational Guidelines. As part of the study, agents also identified strengths, weaknesses, and opportunities of having two programs in the State and provided recommendations for strengthening the partnership. Among agents, there was a high...
On Harrell-Stubbe Type Inequalities for the Discrete Spectrum of a Self-Adjoint Operator
Ashbaugh, Mark S
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We produce a new proof and extend results by Harrell and Stubbe for the discrete spectrum of a self-adjoint operator. An abstract approach--based on commutator algebra, the Rayleigh-Ritz principle, and an ``optimal'' usage of the Cauchy-Schwarz inequality--is used to produce ``parameter-free'', ``projection-free'' versions of their theorems. We also analyze the strength of the various inequalities that ensue. The results contain classical bounds for the eigenvalues. Extensions of a variety of inequalities \\`a la Harrell-Stubbe are illustrated for both geometric and physical problems.
On a Block Matrix Inequality quantifying the Monogamy of the Negativity of Entanglement
Koenraad M. R. Audenaert
2014-08-30T23:59:59.000Z
We convert a conjectured inequality from quantum information theory, due to He and Vidal, into a block matrix inequality and prove a special case. Given $n$ matrices $A_i$, $i=1,\\ldots,n$, of the same size, let $Z_1$ and $Z_2$ be the block matrices $Z_1:=(A_jA_i^*)_{i,j=1}^n$ and $Z_2:=(A_j^*A_i)_{i,j=1}^n$. Then the conjectured inequality is \\[ \\left(||Z_1||_1-\\trace Z_1\\right)^2 + \\left(||Z_2||_1-\\trace Z_2\\right)^2 \\le \\left(\\sum_{i\
Process of welding gamma prime-strengthened nickel-base superalloys
Speigel, Lyle B.; White, Raymond Alan; Murphy, John Thomas; Nowak, Daniel Anthony
2003-11-25T23:59:59.000Z
A process for welding superalloys, and particularly articles formed of gamma prime-strengthened nickel-base superalloys whose chemistries and/or microstructures differ. The process entails forming the faying surface of at least one of the articles to have a cladding layer of a filler material. The filler material may have a composition that is different from both of the articles, or the same as one of the articles. The cladding layer is machined to promote mating of the faying surfaces, after which the faying surfaces are mated and the articles welded together. After cooling, the welded assembly is free of thermally-induced cracks.
Postdoctoral positions opening The Center for the Study of Social Stratification and Inequality
Keinan, Alon
from various viewpoints. In addition, the CSSI conducts comparative studies of absolute poverty with the Stanford Center for the Study of Poverty and Inequality. Applicants should hold doctoral degrees or show
On the infimum convolution inequality *yz R. Lata_laxand J. O. Wojtaszczyk{
Latala, Rafal
inequalites. Such an inequality was first introduced by B. Maurey to give the optimal concen. We show how such an optimal result can be obtained from con- centration inequalites, and follow
On the infimum convolution inequality #+# R. Latala and J. O. Wojtaszczyk
Latala, Rafal
we study the infimum convolution inequalites. Such an inequality was first introduced by B. Maurey can be obtained from conÂ centration inequalites, and follow on to prove IC for the uniform measure
The processes of industrial gold mining and inequality: a Ghanaian case study
Gawor, Natalie
2011-11-24T23:59:59.000Z
The research examined how inequality manifests itself through the processes of industrial gold mining using a case study of Newmont Mining Corporations’ Ahafo Gold Mine in Ghana. The pursuit of neoliberal development and ...
An extension of Markov's Inequality Let E be a connected compact ...
An extension of Markov's Inequality. Let E be a connected compact set of logarithmic capacity 1 in the complex. plane. Is it true that for every polynomial P of ...
Galtchouk, Leonid
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
An adaptive nonparametric estimation procedure is constructed for the estimation problem of heteroscedastic regression when the noise variance depends on the unknown regression. A non-asymptotic upper bound for a quadratic risk (an oracle inequality) is constructed.
Global economic changes and income inequality: a test of four competing models
Morris, Theresa Marie
1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This study examines the capacity of modernization theory, dependency theory, world system theory, and political democracy theory to explain the determinants of income inequality in less developed countries. The study further ...
Testing tripartite Mermin inequalities by spectral joint-measurements of qubits
Huang, J S; Wei, L F
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
It is well known that Bell inequality supporting the local realism can be violated in quantum mechanics. Numerous tests of such a violation have been demonstrated with bipartite entanglements. Using spectral jointmeasurements of the qubits, we here propose a scheme to test the tripartite Mermin inequality (a three-qubit Bell-type inequality) with three qubits dispersively-coupled to a driven cavity. First, we show how to generate a three-qubit Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger (GHZ) state by only one-step quantum operation. Then, spectral joint-measurements are introduced to directly confirm such a tripartite entanglement. Assisted by a series of single-qubit operations, these measurements are further utilized to test the Mermin inequality. The feasibility of the proposal is robustly demonstrated by the present numerical experiments.
Sharp non-asymptotic oracle inequalities for nonparametric heteroscedastic regression models
Galtchouk, Leonid
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
An adaptive nonparametric estimation procedure is constructed for heteroscedastic regression when the noise variance depends on the unknown regression. A non-asymptotic upper bound for a quadratic risk (oracle inequality) is obtained
Second Law-Like Inequalities with Quantum Relative Entropy: An Introduction
Sagawa, Takahiro
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We review the basic properties of the quantum relative entropy for finite-dimensional Hilbert spaces. In particular, we focus on several inequalities that are related to the second law of thermodynamics, where the positivity and the monotonicity of the quantum relative entropy play key roles; these properties are directly applicable to derivations of the second law (e.g., the Clausius inequality). Moreover, the positivity is closely related to the quantum fluctuation theorem, while the monotonicity leads to a quantum version of the Hatano-Sasa inequality for nonequilibrium steady states. Based on the monotonicity, we also discuss the data processing inequality for the quantum mutual information, which has a similar mathematical structure to that of the second law. Moreover, we derive a generalized second law with quantum feedback control. In addition, we review a proof of the monotonicity in line with Petz.
Case studies for the multilinear Kakeya theorem andWolff-type inequalities
Kinnear, George
2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
This thesis is concerned with two different problems in harmonic analysis: the multilinear Kakeya theorem, and Wolff-type inequalities for paraboloids. Chapter 1 gives an overview of both of these problems. In Chapter ...
Lyapunov functions for evolution variational inequalities with locally prox-regular sets
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Lyapunov functions for evolution variational inequalities with locally prox-regular sets Abderrahim criterion for Lyapunov pairs of this dynamical system and some results on the asymptotic behaviour - Uniformly prox-regular set - Hypomonotonicity - Lyapunov pair - Asymptotic behaviour. Mathematics Subject
Accounting for the Change in the Gradient: Health Inequality among Infants
Lin, Wanchuan
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Accounting for the Change in the Gradient: Health InequalityLine Working Paper Series Accounting for the Change in thethe most important factor in accounting for the closing gap.
On the exact separation of rank inequalities for the maximum stable ...
2014-08-23T23:59:59.000Z
Aug 23, 2014 ... separated exactly by solving a single level integer linear program. ...... contains a number of template-free inequalities, not adhering to any specific topological ...... Management Science, 44(12, part 1):1608–1622, 1998. 19 ...
Cryptographic security of the quantum key distribution from the triangle inequality
Pawel Kurzynski; Marcin Markiewicz; Dagomir Kaszlikowski
2014-09-22T23:59:59.000Z
We show that the Csiszar-Korner sufficient condition for secure cryptographic key generation with the help of quantum theory can be easily derived using the triangle inequality for an information-theoretic distance.
The Collaborative Image of The City: Mapping the Inequality of Urban Perception
Schechtner, Katja
A traveler visiting Rio, Manila or Caracas does not need a report to learn that these cities are unequal; she can see it directly from the taxicab window. This is because in most cities inequality is conspicuous, but also, ...
Minimax solution of a nonlinear system of mixed equalities and inequalities
Garcia-Palomares, U.M.
1983-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
A modification of a quadratic algorithm for solving a nonlinear system of mixed equalities and inequalities is proposed. Under suitable conditions, the modified algorithm always generates a local minimum of a function that represents the maximum violation of any equality of inequality of the system. A superlinear rate of convergence is achieved, when the maximum violation is null. Neither convexity nor constraint qualifications are required.
Distribution and Process of Environmental Inequity in the Brazos Valley, Texas
Hanchett, Chelsea
2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z
of the requirements for the designation as UNDERGRADUATE RESEARCH SCHOLAR A Senior Scholars Thesis by CHELSEA LYNNETTE HANCHETT DISTRIBUTION AND PROCESS OF ENVIRONMENTAL INEQUITY IN THE BRAZOS VALLEY, TEXAS Approved by: Research Advisor: Dr... for designation as UNDERGRADUATE RESEARCH SCHOLAR A Senior Scholars Thesis by Chelsea Lynnette Hanchett iii ABSTRACT Distribution and Process of Environmental Inequity in the Brazos Valley, Texas (April 2007) Chelsea L. Hanchett College...
Global economic changes and income inequality: a test of four competing models
Morris, Theresa Marie
1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
GLOBAL ECONOMIC CHANGES AND INCOME INEQUALITY: A TEST OF FOUR COMPETING MODELS A Thesis by THERESA MARK MORRIS Submitted to the OIEce of Graduate Studies of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1996 Major Subject: Sociology GLOBAL ECONOMIC CHANGES AND INCOME INEQUALITY: A TEST OF FOUR COMPETING MODELS A Thesis by THERESA MARIE MORRIS Submitted to Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements...
Energy inequalities for a model of wave propagation in cold plasma
Thomas H. Otway
2007-09-10T23:59:59.000Z
Energy inequalities are derived for an elliptic-hyperbolic operator arising in plasma physics. These inequalities imply the existence of distribution and weak solutions to various closed boundary-value problems. An existence theorem is proven for a related class of Keldysh equations, and the failure of expected methods for obtaining uniqueness is discussed. The proofs use ideas recently introduced by Lupo, Morawetz, and Payne for a generalized Tricomi operator. The existence of strong solutions under open boundary conditions is also proven.
The basic Leggett inequalities don't contradict the quantum theory, neither the classical physics
Sofia Wechsler
2009-12-21T23:59:59.000Z
The basic Leggett inequalities, i.e. those inequalities in which the particular assumptions of Leggett's hidden-variable model (e.g. Malus law) were not yet introduced, are usually derived using hidden-variable distributions of probabilities (although in some cases completely general, positive probabilities would lead to the same result). This fact creates sometimes the illusion that these basic inequalities are a belonging of the hidden-variable theories and are bound to contradict the quantum theory. In the present text the basic Leggett inequalities are derived in the most general way, i.e. no assumption is made that the distribution of probabilities would result from some wave function, or from some set of classical variables. The consequence is that as long as one and the same probability distribution is used in the calculus of all the averages appearing in the basic Leggett inequalities, no contradiction may occur. These inequalities may be violated only when different averages are calculated with different distributions, for example, some of them calculated with the quantum formalism and the others with some distribution of classical parameters.
Cushing, Lara; Morello-Frosch, Rachel; Wander, Madeline; Pastor, Manuel
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
to disaster in the climate change game. Clim. Change 120:to a public fund to prevent climate change. Inequalities ina primary driver of climate change. Although climate change
Sakamoto, Arthur; Kim, ChangHwan
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Is the trend towards rising earnings inequality associated with increased exploitation? The authors investigate exploitation among workers using data for manufacturing industries. Defined as the underpayment of earnings ...
The Penrose inequality on perturbations of the Schwarzschild exterior
Spyros Alexakis
2015-06-21T23:59:59.000Z
We prove a version the Penrose inequality for black hole space-times which are perturbations of the Schwarzschild exterior in a slab around a null hypersurface $\\underline{\\mathcal{N}}_0$. $\\underline{\\mathcal{N}}_0$ terminates at past null infinity $\\mathcal{I}^-$ and $\\mathcal{S}_0:=\\partial\\underline{\\mathcal{N}}_0$ is chosen to be a marginally outer trapped sphere. We show that the area of $\\mathcal{S}_0$ yields a lower bound for the Bondi energy of sections of past null infinity, thus also for the total ADM energy. Our argument is perturbative, and rests on suitably deforming the initial null hypersurface $\\underline{\\mathcal{N}}_0$ to one for which the natural "luminosity" foliation originally introduced by Hawking yields a monotonically increasing Hawking mass, and for which the leaves of this foliation become asymptotically round. It is to ensure the latter (essential) property that we perform the deformation of the initial nullhypersurface $\\underline{\\mathcal{N}}_0$.
Global Inequality in Energy Consumption from 1980 to 2010
Lawrence, Scott; Yakovenko, Victor M
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We study the global probability distribution of energy consumption per capita around the world using data from the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) for 1980-2010. We find that the Lorenz curves have moved up during this time period, and the Gini coefficient G has decreased from 0.66 in 1980 to 0.55 in 2010, indicating a decrease in inequality. The global probability distribution of energy consumption per capita in 2010 is close to the exponential distribution with G=0.5. We attribute this result to the globalization of the world economy, which mixes the world and brings it closer to the state of maximal entropy. We argue that global energy production is a limited resource that is partitioned among the world population. The most probable partition is the one that maximizes entropy, thus resulting in the exponential distribution function. A consequence of the latter is the law of 1/3: the top 1/3 of the world population consumes 2/3 of produced energy. We also find similar results for the global pro...
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Sun, Zhiqian; Song, Gian; Ilavsky, Jan; Liaw, Peter K.
2015-03-23T23:59:59.000Z
Duplex precipitates are presented in a NiAl-strengthened ferritic alloy. They were characterized by the ultra-small angle X-ray scattering and transmission electron microscope. Fine cooling precipitates with the size of several to tens of nanometres harden the matrix considerably at room temperature. Cracks are likely to initiate from precipitates, and coalesce and propagate quickly through the matrix due to the excessive hardening effect of cooling precipitates, which lead to the premature fracture of NiAl-strengthened ferritic alloys.
Jang, Jae-il [Hanyang University, Korea; Shim, Sang Hoon [ORNL; Komazaki, Shin-ichi [Muroran Institute of Technology, Japan; Honda, Tetsuya [Muroran Institute of Technology, Japan
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Nanoindentation experiments and microstructural analysis were performed on advanced 12% Cr ferritic steel having extremely fine and complex martensitic microstructures, to answer unsolved questions on the contributions of grain boundaries to strengthening and aging degradation mechanisms in both as-tempered and thermally aged steels. Interesting features of the experimental results led us to suggest that among several high angle boundaries, block boundary is most effective in enhancing the macroscopic strength in as-tempered virgin sample, and that a decrease in matrix strength rather than reduction in grain-boundary strengthening effect is primarily responsible for the macroscopic softening behavior observed during thermal exposure.
China to strengthen joint research in fusion power www.chinaview.cn 2005-02-06 23:29:49
China to strengthen joint research in fusion power www.chinaview.cn 2005-02-06 23:29:49 BEIJING cooperation in research on fusion power plants, one of China's top science and technology decision makers said of Sciences (CAS), said fusion power plants will be final result of today's studies of plasma physics. China
Van Stryland, Eric
followed by 20-25 min. of muscular endurance. Here's your chance to achieve that rock solid body you, stabilization, and flexibility. It strengthens the entire body utilizing the abdominal, back, hip and postural.W.E.A.T Pilates Stadium Run #12;A class that mixes both step aerobics and strength training in one designed
Bourke, Mary C.
inequalityT (in contrast to the more blatant, traditional forms) as the denial of continued discrimination
Shigekawa, Ichiro
The Meyer inequality for the Ornstein-Uhlenbeck operator in L1 and probabilistic) ABSTRACT We discuss the Meyer inequality for the Ornstein-Uhlenbeck operator in L1. The Doob type introduce several kinds of norms in the Sobolev space. The equivale* *nce of norms is important and Meyer
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Long Term Dynamics of Inequalities between French Households concerning Automobile COLLET, Roger TERM DYNAMICS OF INEQUALITIES BETWEEN FRENCH HOUSEHOLDS CONCERNING AUTOMOBILE Roger Collet, INRETS of automobile. As the curves representing car ownership (number of cars per adult) and car use (annual mileage
The Golden-Thompson inequality: Historical aspects and random matrix applications
Forrester, Peter J., E-mail: p.forrester@ms.unimelb.edu.au; Thompson, Colin J. [Department of Mathematics and Statistics, The University of Melbourne, Victoria 3010 (Australia)] [Department of Mathematics and Statistics, The University of Melbourne, Victoria 3010 (Australia)
2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z
The Golden-Thompson inequality, Tr?(e{sup A+B}) ? Tr?(e{sup A}e{sup B}) for A, B Hermitian matrices, appeared in independent works by Golden and Thompson published in 1965. Both of these were motivated by considerations in statistical mechanics. In recent years the Golden-Thompson inequality has found applications to random matrix theory. In this article, we detail some historical aspects relating to Thompson's work, giving in particular a hitherto unpublished proof due to Dyson, and correspondence with Pólya. We show too how the 2 × 2 case relates to hyperbolic geometry, and how the original inequality holds true with the trace operation replaced by any unitarily invariant norm. In relation to the random matrix applications, we review its use in the derivation of concentration type lemmas for sums of random matrices due to Ahlswede-Winter, and Oliveira, generalizing various classical results.
The Golden-Thompson inequality --- historical aspects and random matrix applications
Peter J. Forrester; Colin J. Thompson
2014-08-09T23:59:59.000Z
The Golden-Thompson inequality, ${\\rm Tr} \\, (e^{A + B}) \\le {\\rm Tr} \\, (e^A e^B)$ for $A,B$ Hermitian matrices, appeared in independent works by Golden and Thompson published in 1965. Both of these were motivated by considerations in statistical mechanics. In recent years the Golden-Thompson inequality has found applications to random matrix theory. In this survey article we detail some historical aspects relating to Thompson's work, giving in particular an hitherto unpublished proof due to Dyson, and correspondence with P\\'olya. We show too how the $2 \\times 2$ case relates to hyperbolic geometry, and how the original inequality holds true with the trace operation replaced by any unitarily invariant norm. In relation to the random matrix applications, we review its use in the derivation of concentration type lemmas for sums of random matrices due to Ahlswede-Winter, and Oliveira, generalizing various classical results.
A generalization of the Entropy Power Inequality to Bosonic Quantum Systems
Giacomo De Palma; Andrea Mari; Vittorio Giovannetti
2015-05-07T23:59:59.000Z
In most communication schemes information is transmitted via travelling modes of electromagnetic radiation. These modes are unavoidably subject to environmental noise along any physical transmission medium and the quality of the communication channel strongly depends on the minimum noise achievable at the output. For classical signals such noise can be rigorously quantified in terms of the associated Shannon entropy and it is subject to a fundamental lower bound called entropy power inequality. Electromagnetic fields are however quantum mechanical systems and then, especially in low intensity signals, the quantum nature of the information carrier cannot be neglected and many important results derived within classical information theory require non-trivial extensions to the quantum regime. Here we prove one possible generalization of the Entropy Power Inequality to quantum bosonic systems. The impact of this inequality in quantum information theory is potentially large and some relevant implications are considered in this work.
Dvoretzky--Kiefer--Wolfowitz Inequalities for the Two-sample Case
Wei, Fan
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The Dvoretzky--Kiefer--Wolfowitz (DKW) inequality says that if $F_n$ is an empirical distribution function for variables i.i.d.\\ with a distribution function $F$, and $K_n$ is the Kolmogorov statistic $\\sqrt{n}\\sup_x|(F_n-F)(x)|$, then there is a finite constant $C$ such that for any $M>0$, $\\Pr(K_n>M) \\leq C\\exp(-2M^2).$ Massart proved that one can take C=2 (DKWM inequality) which is sharp for $F$ continuous. We consider the analogous Kolmogorov--Smirnov statistic $KS_{m,n}$ for the two-sample case and show that for $m=n$, the DKW inequality holds with C=2 if and only if $n\\geq 458$. For $n_0\\leq n2$ depending on $n_0$. For $m\
Sudden violation of the CHSH inequality in a two qubits system
Mazzola, Laura
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
I study the dynamics of the violation of the CHSH inequality for two qubits interacting with a common zero-temperature non-Markovian environment. I demonstrate sudden violation of the inequality for two qubits initially prepared in a factorized state. Due to the strong coupling between the qubits and the reservoir, the dynamics is characterized by numerous sharp revivals. Furthermore I focus on a more realistic physical system in which the spontaneous emission for the qubits is taken into account. When including spontaneous emission even for small decay parameters, revivals in the violation are heavily damped out. If the decay rates exceed a certain threshold, the inequality turns out to be always satisfied.
Sudden violation of the CHSH inequality in a two qubits system
Laura Mazzola
2010-02-04T23:59:59.000Z
I study the dynamics of the violation of the CHSH inequality for two qubits interacting with a common zero-temperature non-Markovian environment. I demonstrate sudden violation of the inequality for two qubits initially prepared in a factorized state. Due to the strong coupling between the qubits and the reservoir, the dynamics is characterized by numerous sharp revivals. Furthermore I focus on a more realistic physical system in which the spontaneous emission for the qubits is taken into account. When including spontaneous emission even for small decay parameters, revivals in the violation are heavily damped out. If the decay rates exceed a certain threshold, the inequality turns out to be always satisfied.
Brinker, C. Jeffrey
Boosting medicine with nanotechnology strengthens drug cocktail many times over http a report of consumers' views on the use of nanotechnology Posted: Apr 21st, 2011 Using niosomes: Apr 18th, 2011 Boosting medicine with nanotechnology strengthens drug cocktail many times over
Banaji,. Murad
WP05 Labour's record on cash transfers, poverty, inequality and the lifecycle 1997-2010 Labour of wealth, poverty, income inequality and spatial difference. The full programme of analysis will include and on poverty and inequality particularly. This provides a baseline for analysing and understanding the changes
Svetlichny's inequality and genuine tripartite nonlocality in three-qubit pure states
Rungta, Pranaw
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The violation of the Svetlichny's inequality [Phys. Rev. D 35, 3066 (1987)] is sufficient but not necessary for genuine tripartite nonlocal correlations. Here we quantify the relationship between tripartite entanglement and the maximum expectation value of the Svetlichny operator (which is bounded from above by the inequality) for the two inequivalent classes of pure three-qubit states: the GHZ-class and the W-class. The maximum for the GHZ-class states is related to the amount of the three-tangle of these states; whereas for the W-class states the maximum is a function of the concurrences of the three reduced states.
Jensen's Inequality for g-Convex Function under g-Expectation
Jia, Guangyan
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A real valued function defined on}$\\mathbb{R}$ {\\small is called}$g${\\small --convex if it satisfies the following \\textquotedblleft generalized Jensen's inequality\\textquotedblright under a given}$g${\\small -expectation, i.e., }$h(\\mathbb{E}^{g}[X])\\leq \\mathbb{E}% ^{g}[h(X)]${\\small, for all random variables}$X$ {\\small such that both sides of the inequality are meaningful. In this paper we will give a necessary and sufficient conditions for a }$C^{2}${\\small -function being}$% g ${\\small -convex. We also studied some more general situations. We also studied}$g${\\small -concave and}$g${\\small -affine functions.
Averaged Energy Inequalities for Non-Minimally Coupled Classical Scalar Fields
Lutz W. Osterbrink
2006-12-11T23:59:59.000Z
The stress-energy tensor for the non-minimally coupled scalar field is known not to satisfy the pointwise energy conditions, even on the classical level. We show, however, that local averages of the classical stress-energy tensor satisfy certain inequalities and give bounds for averages along causal geodesics. It is shown that in vacuum background spacetimes, ANEC and AWEC are satisfied. Furthermore we use our result to show that in the classical situation we have an analogue to the so called quantum interest conjecture. These results lay the foundations for averaged energy inequalities for the quantised non-minimally coupled fields.
Labour's Record on Cash Transfers, Poverty, Inequality and the Lifecycle 1997 -2010
Banaji,. Murad
Labour's Record on Cash Transfers, Poverty, Inequality and the Lifecycle 1997 - 2010 John Hills changes in the UK since 2007, particularly their impact on the distribution of wealth, poverty, income, charting their approach and assessing their impact on the distribution of outcomes and on poverty
A Rearrangement Inequality and the Permutahedron Author(s): A. Vince
Vince, Andrew
to thisnote. REFERENCE 1. J.J.Rotman,The Theoryofgroups,An Introduction,3rded.,Allynand Bacon. A RearrangementInequalityandthe-Littlewood-Polyainequality,fromwhichthe inequalitiesabove and manyotherrearrangementinequalitiesimmediatelyfollow. In [5] rearrangementinequalitiesare back at least to Schur[10] and is a unifyingprincipalformanytypesof inequalities.The intentionin
THE CLAUSIUS INEQUALITY AND THE MATHEMATICAL STATEMENT OF THE SECOND LAW
Ronis, David M.
, T Carnot Engine where C is a reversible Carnot engine which takes heat -d- Qs from a part of the system our definition of efficiency and the fact that the efficiencies of all reversible Carnot engine initial state (A) along a reversible path II. If we apply the Clausius inequality to this cycle, we have B
Styles, Vanessa
FOR SUPERCONDUCTIVITY C.M. ELLIOTT, D. KAY #3; AND V.STYLES y CENTRE FOR MATHEMATICAL ANALYSIS AND ITS APPLICATIONS long cylindrical superconductor subject to a transverse magnetic #12;eld. We prove an error between of an evolutionary variational inequality arising from a critical state model for a type-II superconductor
Ito-Wiener chaos expansion with exact residual and correlation, variance inequalities
Hu, Yaozhong
1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z
We give a formula of expanding the solution of a stochastic differential equation (abbreviated as SDE) into a finite Ito-Wiener chaos with explicit residual. And then we apply this formula to obtain several inequalities for diffusions such as FKG...
The Communications Revolution and Health Inequalities in the 21st Century
Illinois at Chicago, University of
The Communications Revolution and Health Inequalities in the 21st Century: Promises and Pitfalls K. Viswanath Harvard School of Public Health DanaFarber Cancer Institute DanaFarber/Harvard Cancer Center 2013 IHRP Distinguished Lecture Institute for Health Research & Policy University of Illinois
Modeling of Electric Power Supply Chain Networks with Fuel Suppliers Variational Inequalities
Nagurney, Anna
decision-makers, including fuel suppliers, power generators, suppliers, as well as the transmission serviceModeling of Electric Power Supply Chain Networks with Fuel Suppliers via Variational Inequalities Dmytro Matsypura1 , Anna Nagurney1,2 , and Zugang Liu1 1 Department of Finance and Operations Management
Jones, Nathan
2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z
mechanisms is to reduce the computational time needed to simulate a problem. The focus of this work is on the validity of reduced methane-air combustion mechanisms, particularly pertaining to satisfying the entropy inequality. While much of this work involves...
HOMODYNING BELL'S INEQUALITY G. M. D'Ariano1,2
D'Ariano, Giacomo Mauro
experiment to test Bell's inequality that involve optical radiation the source emits a pair of correlated and BS denote `polarizing beam splitter' and `conventional beam splitter' respectively. Input radiation at radiofrequency are detected, yielding the value of the quadratures of the field modes a , b, a and b
Nagurney, Anna
An Efficiency Measure for Dynamic Networks Modeled as Evolutionary Variational Inequalities propose an efficiency/performance measure for dynamic net- works, which have been modeled as evolutionary and their rankings. We provide both continuous time and discrete time versions of the efficiency measure. We
Valid Inequalities for the Pooling Problem with Binary Variables Claudia D'Ambrosio
Linderoth, Jeffrey T.
the utility of the inequalities when used in a global optimization solver. Department of Industrial refining, wastewater treatment, and general chemical engineering process design [2, 12, 1, 4]. Different. For example, this variant of the pooling problem is relevant for crude oil scheduling operations [6, 14
Anderson, Douglas R.
of small-scale mechanical engineering--in which assemblers build mechanical systems from individual atoms working in teams to sharing language Emergence From topdown to bottomup principles serious alternative Infrastructure From centralized grids to flexible, smaller- scale networks human clone to term printable
Okrent, D.
1997-06-23T23:59:59.000Z
This is the final report on DOE Award No. DE-FG03-92ER75838 A000, a three year matching grant program with Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG and E) to support strengthening of the fission reactor nuclear science and engineering program at UCLA. The program began on September 30, 1992. The program has enabled UCLA to use its strong existing background to train students in technological problems which simultaneously are of interest to the industry and of specific interest to PG and E. The program included undergraduate scholarships, graduate traineeships and distinguished lecturers. Four topics were selected for research the first year, with the benefit of active collaboration with personnel from PG and E. These topics remained the same during the second year of this program. During the third year, two topics ended with the departure o the students involved (reflux cooling in a PWR during a shutdown and erosion/corrosion of carbon steel piping). Two new topics (long-term risk and fuel relocation within the reactor vessel) were added; hence, the topics during the third year award were the following: reflux condensation and the effect of non-condensable gases; erosion/corrosion of carbon steel piping; use of artificial intelligence in severe accident diagnosis for PWRs (diagnosis of plant status during a PWR station blackout scenario); the influence on risk of organization and management quality; considerations of long term risk from the disposal of hazardous wastes; and a probabilistic treatment of fuel motion and fuel relocation within the reactor vessel during a severe core damage accident.
Oakes, Timothy Andrew
1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
or insulating glass units (ASTM, 1989). However, the design of laminated or IG units is beyond the scope of this research which focuses on the design of monolithic glass. Each of the three types of monolithic glass is discussed below. Annealed Glass... earlier, tempered glass is also used for safety purposes in applications such as automotive glass, television screens, Figure 1: Typical stress profile of tempered and heat- strengthened glass. furnaces, washer and driers windows, storm windows, tubs...
Larry Zirker; Nathan Jerred; Dr. Indrajit Charit; James Cole
2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
Research proposal 08-1079, 'A Comparative Study of Welded ODS Cladding Materials for AFCI/GNEP,' was funded in 2008 under an Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative (AFCI) Research and Development Funding Opportunity, number DE-PS07-08ID14906. Th proposal sought to conduct research on joining oxide dispersion strengthen (ODS) tubing material to a solid end plug. This document summarizes the scientific and technical progress achieved during the project, which ran from 2008 to 2011.
Coxhead, Ian
A-1 Trade And Inequality With Limited Labor Mobility: Theory And Evidence From China Muqun Li ........................................................................................ 2 A.3. Trade balance conditions................................................................................ 9 A.8. Trade balance condition rewriting 2
Chintala, Rohit
2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z
Numerical methods of designing control systems are currently an active area of research. Convex optimization with linear matrix inequalities (LMIs) is one such method. Control objectives like minimizing the H_2, H_infinity norms, limiting...
A. W. Beckwith
2004-10-08T23:59:59.000Z
The tunneling Hamiltonian has proven to be a useful method in many body physics to treat particle tunneling between different states represented as wave functions. Here we present a generalization of the tunneling Hamiltonian to quantum field theory, in which tunneling between states represented as wave functionals of a scalar quantum field is considered. We examine quantum decay of the false vacuum in the driven Sine-Gordon system, and show it is consistent with the tunneling formalism derived here and matches up with the soliton - anti soliton separation obtained from the Bogomil'nyi inequality. This inequality permits construction of a gaussian wave functional representation of soliton - anti soliton nucleated states and is consistent with respect to the false vacuum hypothesis
Mass angular momentum inequality for axisymmetric vacuum data with small trace
Zhou, Xin
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper, we proved the mass angular momentum inequality\\cite{D1}\\cite{ChrusLiWe}\\cite{SZ} for axisymmetric, asymptotically flat, vacuum constraint data sets with small trace. Given an initial data set with small trace, we construct a boost evolution spacetime of the Einstein vacuum equations as \\cite{ChOM}. Then a perturbation method is used to solve the maximal surface equation in the spacetime under certain growing condition at infinity. When the initial data set is axisymmetric, we get an axisymmetric maximal graph with the same ADM mass and angular momentum as the given data. The inequality follows from the known results\\cite{D1}\\cite{ChrusLiWe}\\cite{SZ} about the maximal graph.
Gas atomized precursor alloy powder for oxide dispersion strengthened ferritic stainless steel
Rieken, Joel
2011-12-13T23:59:59.000Z
Gas atomization reaction synthesis (GARS) was employed as a simplified method for producing precursor powders for oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) ferritic stainless steels (e.g., Fe-Cr-Y-(Ti,Hf)-O), departing from the conventional mechanical alloying (MA) process. During GARS processing a reactive atomization gas (i.e., Ar-O{sub 2}) was used to oxidize the powder surfaces during primary break-up and rapid solidification of the molten alloy. This resulted in envelopment of the powders by an ultra-thin (t < 150 nm) metastable Cr-enriched oxide layer that was used as a vehicle for solid-state transport of O into the consolidated microstructure. In an attempt to better understand the kinetics of this GARS reaction, theoretical cooling curves for the atomized droplets were calculated and used to establish an oxidation model for this process. Subsequent elevated temperature heat treatments, which were derived from Rhines pack measurements using an internal oxidation model, were used to promote thermodynamically driven O exchange reactions between trapped films of the initial Cr-enriched surface oxide and internal Y-enriched intermetallic precipitates. This novel microstructural evolution process resulted in the successful formation of nano-metric Y-enriched dispersoids, as confirmed using high energy X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy (TEM), equivalent to conventional ODS alloys from MA powders. The thermal stability of these Y-enriched dispersoids was evaluated using high temperature (1200°C) annealing treatments ranging from 2.5 to 1,000 hrs of exposure. In a further departure from current ODS practice, replacing Ti with additions of Hf appeared to improve the Y-enriched dispersoid thermal stability by means of crystal structure modification. Additionally, the spatial distribution of the dispersoids was found to depend strongly on the original rapidly solidified microstructure. To exploit this, ODS microstructures were engineered from different powder particle size ranges, illustrating microstructural control as a function of particle solidification rate. The consolidation of ultra-fine powders (dia. ? 5?m) resulted in a significant reduction in dispersoid size and spacing, consistent with initial scanning electron microscopy studies on as-atomized cross-sectioned particles that suggested that these powders solidified above the threshold velocity to effectively solute trap Y within the ?-(Fe,Cr) matrix. Interestingly, when the solidification velocity as a function of particle size was extracted from the aforementioned theoretical particle cooling curves, it could be offered as supporting evidence for these microstructure observations. Thermal-mechanical treatments also were used to create and evaluate the stability of a dislocation substructure within these alloys, using microhardness and TEM analysis of the alloy sub-grain and grain structure. Moreover, elevated temperature tensile tests up to 800°C were used to assess the initial mechanical strength of the ODS microstructure.
Experimental violation of a d-dimensional Bell inequality using energy-time entangled photons
Sacha Schwarz; Bänz Bessire; André Stefanov
2015-02-06T23:59:59.000Z
We experimentally study the violation of the CGLMP inequality for entangled 2-qubit and 2-qutrit states with different degrees of entanglement using numerically optimized measurement settings. The qudits are encoded and manipulated in the frequency spectrum of broadband energy-time entangled photons by taking into account a spatial light modulator. The latter allows to discretize the spectrum into bins. By controlling each frequency bin individually, the generation of maximally and non-maximally entangled qutrits is verified through quantum state tomography.
Noncommuting local common causes for correlations violating the Clauser-Horne inequality
Gábor Hofer-Szabó; Péter Vecsernyés
2012-01-27T23:59:59.000Z
In the paper the EPR-Bohm scenario will be reproduced in an algebraic quantum field theoretical setting with locally finite degrees of freedom. It will be shown that for a set of spatially separated correlating events (projections) maximally violating the Clauser-Horne inequality there can be given a common causal explanation if commutativity is abandoned between the common cause and the correlating events. Moreover, the noncommuting common cause will be local and supported in the common past of the correlating events.
Inequality in Societies, Academic Institutions and Science Journals: Gini and k-indices
Ghosh, Asim; Chakrabarti, Bikas K
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Social inequality is traditionally measured by the Gini-index ($g$). Most of the estimates of the income or wealth data indicate the $g$ value to be widely dispersed across the countries of the world: \\textit{g} values typically range from $0.30$ to $0.65$ at a particular time (year). We estimated similarly the Gini-index for the citations earned by the yearly publications of various academic institutions and the science journals. The ISI web of science data suggests remarkably strong inequality and universality ($g=0.70\\pm0.07$) across all the universities and institutions of the world, while for the journals we find $g=0.65\\pm0.15$ for any typical year. We define a new inequality measure, namely the $k$-index, saying that the cumulative income or citations of ($1-k$) fraction of people or papers exceed those earned by the fraction ($k$) of the people or publications respectively. We find, while the $k$-index value for income ranges from $0.60$ to $0.75$ for income distributions across the world, it has a va...
An Improvement to a Berezin-Li-Yau type inequality for the Klein-Gordon Operator
Yolcu, Selma Yildirim
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this article we improve a lower bound for $\\sum_{j=1}^k\\beta_j$ (a Berezin-Li-Yau type inequality) in [E. M. Harrell II and S. Yildirim Yolcu, Eigenvalue inequalities for Klein-Gordon Operators, J. Funct. Analysis, 256(12) (2009) 3977-3995]. Here $\\beta_j$ denotes the $j$th eigenvalue of the Klein Gordon Hamiltonian $H_{0,\\Omega}=|p|$ when restricted to a bounded set $\\Omega\\subset {\\mathbb R}^n$. $H_{0,\\Omega}$ can also be described as the generator of the Cauchy stochastic process with a killing condition on $\\partial \\Omega$. (cf. [R. Banuelos, T. Kulczycki, Eigenvalue gaps for the Cauchy process and a Poincare inequality, J. Funct. Anal. 211 (2) (2004) 355-423]; [R. Banuelos, T. Kulczycki, The Cauchy process and the Steklov problem, J. Funct. Anal. 234 (2006) 199-225].) To do this, we adapt the proof of Melas ([ A. D. Melas, A lower bound for sums of eigenvalues of the Laplacian, Proceedings of the American Mathematical Society, 131(2) (2002) 631-636]), who improved the estimate for the bound of $\\sum_...
Wigner's form of the Leggett-Garg inequality, No-Signalling in Time, and Unsharp Measurements
Debashis Saha; Shiladitya Mal; Prasanta K. Panigrahi; Dipankar Home
2015-03-04T23:59:59.000Z
Wigner's form of the local realist inequality is used to derive its temporal version for an oscillating two-level system involving two-time joint probabilities. Such an inequality may be regarded as a novel form of the Leggett-Garg inequality (LGI) constituting a necessary condition for macrorealism. The robustness of its quantum mechanical (QM) violation against unsharpness of measurement is investigated by using a suitable model of unsharp measurements. It is found that there exists a range of values of the sharpness parameter (characterizing precision of the relevant measurements) for which the usual LGI is satisfied by QM, but Wigner's form of the LGI (WLGI) is violated. This implies that for such unsharp measurements, the QM violation of macrorealism cannot be tested using the usual LGI, but can be tested using WLGI. In showing this, we take into account the general form of the usual LGI involving an arbitrary number of pairs of two-time correlation functions. Another recently proposed necessary condition for macrorealism, called `no-signalling in time', is also probed, showing that its QM violation persists for arbitrarily unsharp measurements.
Jianchao He; Farong Wan; Kumar Sridharan; Todd R. Allen; A. Certain; V. Shutthanandan; Y.Q. Wu
2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
14YWT oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) ferritic steel was irradiated with of 5 MeV Ni2+ ions, at 300 C, 450 C, and 600 C to a damage level of 100 dpa. The stability of Ti–Y–O nanoclusters was investigated by applying atom probe tomography (APT) in voltage mode, of the samples before and after irradiations. The average size and number density of the nanoclusters was determined using the maximum separation method. These techniques allowed for the imaging of nanoclusters to sizes well below the resolution limit of conventional transmission electron microscopy techniques. The most significant changes were observed for samples irradiated at 300 C where the size (average Guinier radius) and number density of nanoclusters were observed to decrease from 1.1 nm to 0.8 nm and 12 1023 to 3.6 1023, respectively. In this study, the nanoclusters are more stable at higher temperature.
He, Jianchao; Wan, F.; Sridharan, Kumar; Allen, Todd R.; Certain, Alicia G.; Shutthanandan, V.; Wu, Yaqiao
2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
14YWT oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) ferritic steel was irradiated with of 5 MeV Ni2+ ions, at 300 °C, 450 °C, and 600 °C to a damage level of 100 dpa. The stability of Ti–Y–O nanoclusters was investigated by applying atom probe tomography (APT) in voltage mode, of the samples before and after irradiations. The average size and number density of the nanoclusters was determined using the maximum separation method. These techniques allowed for the imaging of nanoclusters to sizes well below the resolution limit of conventional transmission electron microscopy techniques. The most significant changes were observed for samples irradiated at 300 °C where the size (average Guinier radius) and number density of nanoclusters were observed to decrease from 1.1 nm to 0.8 nm and 12 × 1023 to 3.6 × 1023, respectively. In this study, the nanoclusters are more stable at higher temperature.
Tan Peiquan; Liu, Y.
1983-07-30T23:59:59.000Z
This article reports on how a Chinese province with a large area of land and a small population has adopted a series of measures to strengthen land management, to stop the illegal occupying of land, and to protect land resources. Investigations of land resources and of the state of land use, as well as soil surveys, have been launched in order to determine the rights of land ownership and use. Many counties and cities have experimented with dividing farm areas into districts and comprehensive land planning, established land files, trained key personnel in land management skills, and have launched scientific land research. Illegal occupation, waste and destruction of land have risen with the increase in population and construction. Per capita cultivated acreage has declined to 4.1 mu. An effort has been made to reach the people in urban and rural areas with this message: ''Cherish every square millimeter of land utterly and use it rationally''.
Pace, Michael L.
Virtual water transfers unlikely to redress inequality in global water use This article has been) 024017 (6pp) doi:10.1088/1748-9326/6/2/024017 Virtual water transfers unlikely to redress inequality in global water use D A Seekell, P D'Odorico and M L Pace Department of Environmental Sciences, University
Rahul Kumar; Sankalpa Ghosh
2015-03-13T23:59:59.000Z
We show that the general quantum state of synthetically spin-orbit coupled ultra cold bosonic atom whose condensate was experimentally created recently ( Y. J. Lin {\\it et al.}, Nature, {\\bf 471}, 83, (2011)), shows entanglement between motional degrees of freedom ( momentum) and internal degrees of freedom (hyperfine spin). We demonstrate the violation of Bell-like inequality (CHSH) for such states that provides a unique opportunity to verify fundamental principle like quantum non-contextuality for commutating observables which are not spatially separated. We analyze in detail the Rabi oscillation executed by such atom-laser system and how that influneces quantities like entanglement entropy, violation of Bell like Inequality etc. We also discuss the implication of our result in testing the quantum non-contextuality and Bell's Inequality vioaltion by macroscopic quantum object like Bose-Einstein Condensate of ultra cold atoms.
Black Hole Enthalpy and an Entropy Inequality for the Thermodynamic Volume
M. Cvetic; G. W. Gibbons; D. Kubiznak; C. N. Pope
2011-04-20T23:59:59.000Z
In a theory where the cosmological constant $\\Lambda$ or the gauge coupling constant $g$ arises as the vacuum expectation value, its variation should be included in the first law of thermodynamics for black holes. This becomes $dE= TdS + \\Omega_i dJ_i + \\Phi_\\alpha d Q_\\alpha + \\Theta d \\Lambda$, where $E$ is now the enthalpy of the spacetime, and $\\Theta$, the thermodynamic conjugate of $\\Lambda$, is proportional to an effective volume $V = -\\frac{16 \\pi \\Theta}{D-2}$ "inside the event horizon." Here we calculate $\\Theta$ and $V$ for a wide variety of $D$-dimensional charged rotating asymptotically AdS black hole spacetimes, using the first law or the Smarr relation. We compare our expressions with those obtained by implementing a suggestion of Kastor, Ray and Traschen, involving Komar integrals and Killing potentials, which we construct from conformal Killing-Yano tensors. We conjecture that the volume $V$ and the horizon area $A$ satisfy the inequality $R\\equiv ((D-1)V/{\\cal A}_{D-2})^{1/(D-1)}\\, ({\\cal A}_{D-2}/A)^{1/(D-2)}\\ge1$, where ${\\cal A}_{D-2}$ is the volume of the unit $(D-2)$-sphere, and we show that this is obeyed for a wide variety of black holes, and saturated for Schwarzschild-AdS. Intriguingly, this inequality is the "inverse" of the isoperimetric inequality for a volume $V$ in Euclidean $(D-1)$ space bounded by a surface of area $A$, for which $R\\le 1$. Our conjectured {\\it Reverse Isoperimetric Inequality} can be interpreted as the statement that the entropy inside a horizon of a given "volume" $V$ is maximised for Schwarzschild-AdS. The thermodynamic definition of $V$ requires a cosmological constant (or gauge coupling constant). However, except in 7 dimensions, a smooth limit exists where $\\Lambda$ or $g$ goes to zero, providing a definition of $V$ even for asymptotically-flat black holes.
Marcin Pawlowski
2010-09-21T23:59:59.000Z
We show that monogamy of Bell's inequality violations, which is strictly weaker condition than no-signaling is enough to prove security of quantum key distribution. We derive our results for a whole class of monogamy constraints and generalize our results to any theory that communicating parties may have access to. Some of these theories do not respect no-signaling principle yet still allow for secure communication. This proves that no-signaling is only a sufficient condition for the possibility of secure communication, but not the necessary one. We also present some new qualitative results concerning the security of existing quantum key distribution protocols.
An absolute quantum energy inequality for the Dirac field in curved spacetime
Calvin J. Smith
2007-05-15T23:59:59.000Z
Quantum Weak Energy Inequalities (QWEIs) are results which limit the extent to which the smeared renormalised energy density of a quantum field can be negative. On globally hyperbolic spacetimes the massive quantum Dirac field is known to obey a QWEI in terms of a reference state chosen arbitrarily from the class of Hadamard states; however, there exist spacetimes of interest on which state-dependent bounds cannot be evaluated. In this paper we prove the first QWEI for the massive quantum Dirac field on four dimensional globally hyperbolic spacetime in which the bound depends only on the local geometry; such a QWEI is known as an absolute QWEI.
Energy-time and frequency-time uncertainty relations: exact inequalities
V. V. Dodonov; A. V. Dodonov
2015-04-03T23:59:59.000Z
We give a short review of known exact inequalities that can be interpreted as "energy-time" and "frequency-time" uncertainty relations. In particular we discuss a precise form of signals minimizing the physical frequency-time uncertainty product. Also, we calculate the "stationarity time" for mixed Gaussian states of a quantum harmonic oscillator, showing explicitly that pure quantum states are "more fragile" than mixed ones with the same value of the energy dispersion. The problems of quantum evolution speed limits, time operators and measurements of energy and time are briefly discussed, too.
Daniel Bhatti; Raimund Schneider; Thomas Mehringer; Steffen Oppel; Joachim von Zanthier
2015-01-21T23:59:59.000Z
It is theoretically and experimentally shown that photons emitted by statistically independent incoherent classical light sources and measured in the far field in spatially separated modes may display spatial correlations akin to path-entanglement of photons produced by quantum sources. By measuring higher order photon-correlations at different locations, i.e., $m$ photons in one mode and one photon in another mode, we experimentally demonstrate for $m \\geq 6$ a violation of Bell-type inequalities for spatial degrees of freedom. The spatial correlations among the photons can be understood from state projection where the detection of the first $m$ photons projects the sources onto a state which emits the subsequent photon in a strongly correlated manner. From this perspective the entanglement and violation of Bell's inequalities appears as a consequence of nonvanishing cross correlations between noncommuting quadrature phase components of the two spatially separated fields after $m$ photons have been recorded. In this way we show that classical systems may produce spatial field correlations violating local realistic theories.
Hybrid quantum logic and a test of Bell's inequality using two different atomic species
Ballance, C J; Home, J P; Szwer, D J; Webster, S C; Allcock, D T C; Linke, N M; Harty, T P; Craik, D P L Aude; Stacey, D N; Steane, A M; Lucas, D M
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Entanglement is one of the most fundamental properties of quantum mechanics, and is the key resource for quantum information processing. Bipartite entangled states of identical particles have been generated and studied in several experiments, and post-selected entangled states involving pairs of photons, or single photons and single atoms, have also been produced. Here, we deterministically generate a "hybrid" entangled state of two different species of trapped-ion qubit, perform full tomography of the state produced, and make the first test of Bell's inequality with non-identical atoms. We use a laser-driven two-qubit quantum logic gate, whose mechanism is insensitive to the qubits' energy splittings, to produce a maximally-entangled state of one Ca40 qubit and one Ca43 qubit, held in the same ion trap, with 99.8(5)% fidelity. We make a test of Bell's inequality for this novel entangled state, and find that it is violated by 15 sigma. Mixed-species quantum logic is an essential technique for the construction...
Cesare, Bernardo
1 International Mobility Program for Young Researchers from India and Nepal In order to strengthen the relationship and cooperation with India and Nepal, and taking into account the successful research activities-border research collaboration with advanced research groups coming from India and Nepal. The program offers 8
Schenato, Luca
International Mobility Program for Young Researchers from India and Nepal In order to strengthen the relationship and cooperation with India and Nepal, and taking into account the successful research activities-border research collaboration with advanced research groups coming from India and Nepal. The program offers 4
Schenato, Luca
International Mobility Program for Young Researchers from India and Nepal In order to strengthen the relationship and cooperation with India and Nepal, and taking into account the successful research activities-border research collaboration with advanced research groups coming from India and Nepal. The program offers 8
Park, Jong-Sang
Thermal Process to Strengthen PLGA Nanoparticle Layers Bull. Korean Chem. Soc. 2009, Vol. 30, No. 9 1985 Thermal Process for Enhancing Mechanical Strength of PLGA Nanoparticle Layers on Coronary Stents@plaza.snu.ac.kr Received June 5, 2009, Accepted July 14, 2009 Poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) nanoparticles loading
ABSTRACT STANFORD, KIRK ALAN. Strengthening of Steel Structures with High Modulus Carbon Fiber Study by Kirk Alan Stanford A thesis submitted to the Graduate Faculty of North Carolina State #12;ii BIOGRAPHY Kirk Alan Stanford received his Bachelor of Science degree in Civil Engineering from
B. Hensen; H. Bernien; A. E. Dréau; A. Reiserer; N. Kalb; M. S. Blok; J. Ruitenberg; R. F. L. Vermeulen; R. N. Schouten; C. Abellán; W. Amaya; V. Pruneri; M. W. Mitchell; M. Markham; D. J. Twitchen; D. Elkouss; S. Wehner; T. H. Taminiau; R. Hanson
2015-08-24T23:59:59.000Z
For more than 80 years, the counterintuitive predictions of quantum theory have stimulated debate about the nature of reality. In his seminal work, John Bell proved that no theory of nature that obeys locality and realism can reproduce all the predictions of quantum theory. Bell showed that in any local realist theory the correlations between distant measurements satisfy an inequality and, moreover, that this inequality can be violated according to quantum theory. This provided a recipe for experimental tests of the fundamental principles underlying the laws of nature. In the past decades, numerous ingenious Bell inequality tests have been reported. However, because of experimental limitations, all experiments to date required additional assumptions to obtain a contradiction with local realism, resulting in loopholes. Here we report on a Bell experiment that is free of any such additional assumption and thus directly tests the principles underlying Bell's inequality. We employ an event-ready scheme that enables the generation of high-fidelity entanglement between distant electron spins. Efficient spin readout avoids the fair sampling assumption (detection loophole), while the use of fast random basis selection and readout combined with a spatial separation of 1.3 km ensure the required locality conditions. We perform 245 trials testing the CHSH-Bell inequality $S \\leq 2$ and find $S = 2.42 \\pm 0.20$. A null hypothesis test yields a probability of $p = 0.039$ that a local-realist model for space-like separated sites produces data with a violation at least as large as observed, even when allowing for memory in the devices. This result rules out large classes of local realist theories, and paves the way for implementing device-independent quantum-secure communication and randomness certification.
Entropic and information inequality for nonlinearly transformed two-qubit X-states
V. I. Man'ko; R. S. Puzko
2014-10-11T23:59:59.000Z
The entropic and information inequalities for two qubit X-states transformed by the nonlinear channels are given in explicit form. The subadditivity condition and nonnegativity of von Neumann quantum information are studied for both initial X-state and the state after action of the nonlinear channel. Partial case of Werner state is considered in detail. We shown that the von Neumann information increases due to action of the nonlinear channel. We generalize the results obtained for Werner state in our earlier article [J. Russ. Laser Res., \\textbf{35}, iss. 3 (2014)] to the case of X-state of two qubit system. We study the influence of nonlinear channel acting on X-state of two qubit system onto von Neumann mutual information.
Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger argument of nonlocality without inequalities for mixed states
Ghirardi, Gian Carlo [Department of Theoretical Physics, University of Trieste, Trieste (Italy); Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Trieste, Trieste (Italy); International Centre for Theoretical Physics 'Abdus Salam', Trieste (Italy); Marinatto, Luca [Department of Theoretical Physics, University of Trieste, Trieste (Italy); Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Trieste, Trieste (Italy)
2006-08-15T23:59:59.000Z
We generalize the Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger nonlocality without inequalities argument to cover the case of arbitrary mixed statistical operators associated to three-qubits quantum systems. More precisely, we determine the radius of a ball (in the trace distance topology) surrounding the pure GHZ state and containing arbitrary mixed statistical operators which cannot be described by any local and realistic hidden variable model and which are, as a consequence, noncompletely separable. As a practical application, we focus on certain one-parameter classes of mixed states which are commonly considered in the experimental realization of the original GHZ argument and which result from imperfect preparations of the pure GHZ state. In these cases we determine for which values of the parameter measuring the noise a nonlocality argument can still be exhibited, despite the mixedness of the considered states. Moreover, the effect of the imperfect nature of measurement processes is discussed.
Violating Bell's inequality with an artificial atom and a cat state in a cavity
Brian Vlastakis; Andrei Petrenko; Nissim Ofek; Luayn Sun; Zaki Leghtas; Katrina Sliwa; Yehan Liu; Michael Hatridge; Jacob Blumoff; Luigi Frunzio; Mazyar Mirrahimi; Liang Jiang; M. H. Devoret; R. J. Schoelkopf
2015-04-09T23:59:59.000Z
The `Schr\\"odinger's cat' thought experiment highlights the counterintuitive facet of quantum theory that entanglement can exist between microscopic and macroscopic systems, producing a superposition of distinguishable states like the fictitious cat that is both alive and dead. The hallmark of entanglement is the detection of strong correlations between systems, for example by the violation of Bell's inequality. Using the CHSH variant of the Bell test, this violation has been observed with photons, atoms, solid state spins, and artificial atoms in superconducting circuits. For larger, more distinguishable states, the conflict between quantum predictions and our classical expectations is typically resolved due to the rapid onset of decoherence. To investigate this reconciliation, one can employ a superposition of coherent states in an oscillator, known as a cat state. In contrast to discrete systems, one can continuously vary the size of the prepared cat state and therefore its dependence on decoherence. Here we demonstrate and quantify entanglement between an artificial atom and a cat state in a cavity, which we call a `Bell-cat' state. We use a circuit QED architecture, high-fidelity measurements, and real-time feedback control to violate Bell's inequality without post-selection or corrections for measurement inefficiencies. Furthermore, we investigate the influence of decoherence by continuously varying the size of created Bell-cat states and characterize the entangled system by joint Wigner tomography. These techniques provide a toolset for quantum information processing with entangled qubits and resonators. While recent results have demonstrated a high level of control of such systems, this experiment demonstrates that information can be extracted efficiently and with high fidelity, a crucial requirement for quantum computing with resonators.
Strengthening Building Retrofit Markets
Templeton, Mary [Michigan Saves; Jackson, Robert [Michigan Energy Office
2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z
The Business Energy Financing (BEF) program offered commercial businesses in Michigan affordable financing options and other incentives designed to support energy efficiency improvements. We worked through partnerships with Michigan utilities, lenders, building contractors, trade associations, and other community organizations to offer competitive interest rates and flexible financing terms to support energy efficiency projects that otherwise would not have happened. The BEF program targeted the retail food market, including restaurants, grocery stores, convenience stores, and wholesale food vendors, with the goal of achieving energy efficiency retrofits for 2 percent of the target market. We offered low interest rates, flexible payments, easy applications and approval processes, and access to other incentives and rebates. Through these efforts, we sought to help customers strive for energy savings retrofits that would save 20 percent or more on their energy use. This program helped Michigan businesses reduce costs by financing energy efficient lighting, heating and cooling systems, insulation, refrigeration, equipment upgrades, and more. Businesses completed the upgrades with the help of our authorized contractors, and, through our lending partners, we provided affordable financing options.
Dispersion strengthened copper
Sheinberg, Haskell (Los Alamos, NM); Meek, Thomas T. (Knoxville, TN); Blake, Rodger D. (Santa Fe, NM)
1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A composition of matter comprised of copper and particles which are dispersed throughout the copper, where the particles are comprised of copper oxide and copper having a coating of copper oxide, and a method for making this composition of matter.
Dispersion strengthened copper
Sheinberg, Haskell (Los Alamos, NM); Meek, Thomas T. (Knoxville, TN); Blake, Rodger D. (Santa Fe, NM)
1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A composition of matter comprised of copper and particles which are dispersed throughout the copper, where the particles are comprised of copper oxide and copper having a coating of copper oxide, and a method for making this composition of matter.
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362Transmission:portion5WhenEnergy 3 for the StateCoordination | Department ofE n E rgyB i z
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5(Million Cubic Feet) Oregon (Including Vehicle Fuel) (MillionStructural Basis of Wnt Recognition by Frizzled5I Assessment ofStreet Legal Named
Howe, Sean; Zakharevich, Valentin
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We prove generalizations of the isoperimetric inequality for both spherical and hyperbolic wave fronts (i.e. piecewise smooth curves which may have cusps). We then discuss "bicycle curves" using the generalized isoperimetric inequalities. The euclidean model of a bicycle is a unit segment AB that can move so that it remains tangent to the trajectory of point A (the rear wheel is fixed on the bicycle frame). We extend this definition to a general Riemannian manifold, and concern ourselves in particular with bicycle curves in the hyperbolic plane H^2 and on the sphere S^2. We prove results along the lines of those proven by Levi and Tabachnikov and resolve both spherical and hyperbolic versions of Menzin's conjecture, which relates the area bounded by a curve to its associated monodromy map.
Democratization: Perspectives From Global Citizenries
Shin, Doh Chull
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
and Markets around the Pacific Rim, ed. R. Dalton and D.Markets around the Pacific Rim. Oxford: Oxford University
Democratization: Perspectives From Global Citizenries
Shin, Doh Chull
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
31 (3): 447-474. Bratton, M. , R. Mattes, and E. Gyimah-Working Paper 19. Bratton, M. , and R. Mattes. 2001. SupportMaryland. Mattes, R. , and M. Bratton. 2003. Learning about
Black Hole Enthalpy and an Entropy Inequality for the Thermodynamic Volume
Cvetic, M; Kubiznak, D; Pope, C N
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In a theory where the cosmological constant \\Lambda or the gauge coupling constant g arises as the vacuum expectation value, its variation should be included in the first law of thermodynamics for black holes. This becomes dE= TdS + \\Omega_i dJ_i + \\Phi_\\alpha d Q_\\alpha + \\Theta d \\Lambda, where E is now the enthalpy of the spacetime, and \\Theta, the thermodynamic conjugate of \\Lambda, is proportional to an effective volume V = -\\frac{16 \\pi \\Theta}{D-2} "inside the event horizon." Here we calculate \\Theta and V for a wide variety of D-dimensional charged rotating asymptotically AdS black hole spacetimes, using the first law or the Smarr relation. We compare our expressions with those obtained by implementing a suggestion of Kastor, Ray and Traschen, involving Komar integrals and Killing potentials, which we construct from conformal Killing-Yano tensors. We conjecture that the volume V and the horizon area A satisfy the inequality R\\equiv ((D-1)V/{\\cal A}_{D-2})^{1/(D-1)}\\, ({\\cal A}_{D-2}/A)^{1/(D-2)}\\ge1, ...
General Solutions of Cosmological Equations with Inequalities for Perfect Fluid and Scalar Field
A. Das; N. Tariq; R. M. W. Woodside
2006-10-19T23:59:59.000Z
Spherically symmetric cosmological equations in the usual FLRW coordinates are explored, with different sources. The first couples a perfect fluid with a quintessence scalar field and the second couples a perfect fluid to a tachyonic scalar field. In both cases, in the inflationary regime, the scale factor a(t) and its first two time derivatives are positive definite. Both sources in the matter phase yield a scale factor and its first derivative as positive definite. In both cases and in each phase, the general solutions of the differential equations together with the algebraic and differential inequalities are obtained. As special cases, exponential, hyperbolic, and power law inflation, as well as power law expansion for the matter phase are all derived from the general solutions. With recent data on baryonic matter, Hubble parameter and deceleration parameter, the relative percentages of baryonic matter, daek matter and dark energy are calculated. The quintessence model yields: 4% baryonic matter, 18% dark matter, and 78% dark energy. The tachyonic model gives: 4% baryonic matter, 36% dark matter, and 60% dark energy.
Loss-tolerant hybrid measurement test of CHSH inequality with weakly amplified N00N states
Falk Töppel; Magdalena Stobi?ska
2015-02-18T23:59:59.000Z
Although our understanding of Bell's theorem and experimental techniques to test it have improved over the last 40 years, thus far all Bell tests have suffered at least from the detection or the locality loophole. Most photonic Bell tests rely on inefficient discrete-outcome measurements, often provided by photon counting detection. One possible way to close the detection loophole in photonic Bell tests is to involve efficient continuous-variable measurements instead, such as homodyne detection. Here, we propose a test of the Clauser-Horne-Shimony-Holt (CHSH) inequality that applies photon counting and homodyne detection on weakly amplified two-photon N00N states. The scheme suggested is remarkably robust against experimental imperfections and suits the limits of current technology. As amplified quantum states are considered, our work also contributes to the exploration of entangled macroscopic quantum systems. Further, it may constitute an alternative platform for a loophole-free Bell test, which is also important for quantum-technological applications.
Anderson, K.R.; Stubbins, J.F. (Illinois Univ., Urbana, IL (USA)); Garner, F.A.; Hamilton, M.L. (Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (USA))
1990-06-01T23:59:59.000Z
Dispersion strengthened copper alloys have shown promise for certain high heat flux applications in both near term and long term fusion devices. This study examines mechanical properties changes and microstructural evolution in several oxide dispersion strengthened alloys which were subjected to high levels of irradiation-induced displacement damage. Irradiations were carried out in FFTF to 34 and 50 dpa at 411--414{degree}C and 32 dpa at 529{degree}C. The alloys include several oxide dispersion-strengthened alloys based on the Cu-Al system, as well as ones based on the Cu-Cr and Cu-Hf systems. Of this group, certain of the Cu-Al alloys, those produced by an internal oxidation technique to contain alumina weight fractions of 0.15 to 0.25% outperformed the other alloys in all respects. These alloys, designated CuAl15, CuAl20, and CuAl25, were found to be resistant to void swelling up to 50 dpa at 414{degree}C, and to retain their superior mechanical and physical properties after extended irradiation. The major factor which controls the stability during irradiation was found to be the dispersoid volume fraction and distribution. The other alloys examined were less resistant to radiation-induced properties changes for a variety of reasons. Some of these include dispersoid redistribution by ballistic resolution, effects of retained dissolved oxygen, and non-uniformity of dispersion distribution. The effect of laser welding was also examined. This joining technique was found to be unacceptable since it destroys the dispersoid distribution and thereby the resistance of the alloys to radiation-induced damage.
Seven principles for strengthening research
Rambaut, Andrew
Interventions of Poverty-related Diseases (NACCAP) African Poverty-related Infection Oriented Research
Andrei Khrennikov
2011-12-03T23:59:59.000Z
We present a purely wave model (based on classical random field) which reproduces quantum probabilities (given by the fundamental law of quantum mechanics, Born's rule) including probabilities for joint detection of a pair of quantum observables (e.g., spin or polarization projections). The crucial point of our approach is that the presence of detector's threshold and calibration procedure have to be treated not as simply experimental technicalities, but as the basic counteparts of the theoretical model. The presence of the background field (vacuum fluctuations) is also the key-element of our prequantum model. It is of the classical signal type and the methods of classical signal theory (including statistical radiophysics) are used for its development. We stress that our prequantum model is not objective, i.e., the values of observables (clicks of detectors) cannot be assigned in advance, i.e., before measurement. Hence, the dilemma, nonobjectivity or nonlocality, is resolved in favor of nonobjectivity (our model is local of the classical field type). In particular, we reproduce the probabilities for the EPR-experiment for photon polarization and, hence, violate CHSH inequality for classical random signals (measured by the threshold type and properly calibrated detectors acting in the presence of the background field).
NONE
1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z
The report H.R. 1126 is a bill to strengthen and improve the pipeline safety provisions of chapter 601 of title 49, United Stated Code. The proposed legislative text is included.
Jose M. Pacheco
2007-01-21T23:59:59.000Z
Often some interesting or simply curious points are left out when developing a theory. It seems that one of them is the existence of an upper bound for the fraction of area of a convex and closed plane area lying outside a circle with which it shares a diameter, a problem stemming from the theory of isoperimetric inequalities. In this paper such a bound is constructed and shown to be attained for a particular area. It is also shown that convexity is a necessary condition in order to avoid the whole area lying outside the circle.
Support for the Democratic Process in Europe
Bartolomé Peral, Edurne
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Sozialforschung, Berlin. Linde, Jonas and Ekman, Joakim (it would be required, as Linde and Ekman (2003: 392)Svenson 1995, Dalton 2003, 2002, Linde y Eckman 2002). This
Vote Buying and Accountability in Democratic Africa
Kramon, Eric
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Africa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66Clientelism and the Quality of Democracy in Africa . . . .Africa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Dictators, democrats, and development in Nigeria
LeVan, Arthur Carl
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
increasing the number of political actors contributes toincreasing the number of political actors contributes toon the actual capacity of political actors and their actual
Vote Buying and Accountability in Democratic Africa
Kramon, Eric
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Agriculture Education Electricity Health Roads Water Vote2010. Electricity Agriculture Roads Water Health Educationwith Electricity Share with No Formal Education Primary
Democratic Institutions and Provision of Public Good
Saha, Sarani
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
2003. [3] R. T. Deacon and S. Saha. Public Good Provision byof a Public Good Sarani Saha PhD Candidate Donald Brenof a Public Good Sarani Saha PhD Candidate Donald Bren
Support for the Democratic Process in Europe
Bartolomé Peral, Edurne
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
evaluations, such economic evaluations and their personalthe effect of the economic evaluation seems to be crucialon short term evaluations, especially economic performance,
Dictators, democrats, and development in Nigeria
LeVan, Arthur Carl
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Senate in May 2005. U.S. Representative John Conyers, Jr. (passed by the House of Representatives in 2004 and by theensure that policy making is representative of the country’s
Democratic Transition and Political Violence in Nigeria
Obadare, Ebenezer
1999-01-05T23:59:59.000Z
Des temps coloniaux à nos jours, l'activité politique a toujours été accompagnée d'un certain niveau de violence au Nigeria. Les deux tentatives d'instauration de la démocratie civile durant la première et seconde républiques se sont soldées par un...
Dictators, democrats, and development in Nigeria
LeVan, Arthur Carl
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Character and Federalism in Nigeria. Ed. Ekeh, Peter P. andas Emergent Power Factor in Nigeria. Ibadan: Heinemann.rule in southeastern Nigeria, 1891- 1929. London: Longman.
COLLOQUIUM: From Democratic Consensus to Cannibalistic Hordes...
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
the coupling between spatial and information dynamics in groups and reveal that emergent problem solving is the predominant mechanism by which mobile animal groups sense, and...
Peter Liaw; Gautam Ghosh; Mark Asta; Morris Fine; Chain Liu
2010-04-30T23:59:59.000Z
The objective of the proposed research is to utilize modern computational tools, integrated with focused experiments, to design innovative ferritic NiAl-strengthened superalloys for fossil-energy applications at temperatures up to 1,033 K. Specifically, the computational alloy design aims toward (1) a steady-state creep rate of approximately 3 x 10{sup -11} s{sup -1} at a temperature of 1,033 K and a stress level of 35 MPa, (2) a ductility of 10% at room temperature, and (3) good oxidation and corrosion resistance at 1,033 K. The research yielded many outstanding research results, including (1) impurity-diffusion coefficients in {alpha} Fe have been calculated by first principles for a variety of solute species; (2) the precipitates were characterized by the transmission-electron microscopy (TEM) and analytical-electron microscopy (AEM), and the elemental partitioning has been determined; (3) a bending ductility of more than 5% has been achieved in the unrolled materials; and (4) optimal compositions with minimal secondary creep rates at 973 K have been determined. Impurity diffusivities in {alpha} Fe have been calculated within the formalisms of a harmonic transition-state theory and Le Claire nine-frequency model for vacancy-mediated diffusion. Calculated diffusion coefficients for Mo and W impurities are comparable to or larger than that for Fe self-diffusion. Calculated activation energies for Ta and Hf impurities suggest that these solutes should display impurity-diffusion coefficients larger than that for self-diffusion in the body-centered cubic Fe. Preliminary mechanical-property studies identified the alloy Fe-6.5Al-10Ni-10Cr-3.4Mo-0.25Zr-0.005B (FBB-8) in weight percent (wt.%) for detailed investigations. This alloy shows precipitation of NiAl particles with an average diameter of 130 nm. In conjunction with the computational alloy design, selected experiments are performed to investigate the effect of the Al content on the ductility and creep of prototype Fe-Ni-Cr-Al-Mo alloys. Three-point-bending experiments show that alloys containing more than 5 wt.% Al exhibit poor ductility (< 2%) at room temperature, and their fracture mode is predominantly of a cleavage type. Two major factors governing the poor ductility are (1) the volume fraction of NiAl-type precipitates, and (2) the Al content in the {alpha}-Fe matrix. A bend ductility of more than 5% can be achieved by lowering the Al concentration to 3 wt.% in the alloy. The alloy containing about 6.5 wt.% Al is found to have an optimal combination of hardness, ductility, and minimal creep rate at 973 K. A high volume fraction of precipitates is responsible for the good creep resistance by effectively resisting the dislocation motion through Orowan-bowing and dislocation-climb mechanisms. The effects of stress on the creep rate have been studied. With the threshold-stress compensation, the stress exponent is determined to be 4, indicating power-law dislocation creep. The threshold stress is in the range of 40-53 MPa. The addition of W can significantly reduce the secondary creep rates. Compared to other candidates for steam-turbine applications, FBB-8 does not show superior creep resistance at high stresses (> 100 MPa), but exhibit superior creep resistance at low stresses (< 60 MPa).
Rucci, A.; Vasco, D.W.; Novali, F.
2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
Deformation in the overburden proves useful in deducing spatial and temporal changes in the volume of a producing reservoir. Based upon these changes we estimate diffusive travel times associated with the transient flow due to production, and then, as the solution of a linear inverse problem, the effective permeability of the reservoir. An advantage an approach based upon travel times, as opposed to one based upon the amplitude of surface deformation, is that it is much less sensitive to the exact geomechanical properties of the reservoir and overburden. Inequalities constrain the inversion, under the assumption that the fluid production only results in pore volume decreases within the reservoir. We apply the formulation to satellite-based estimates of deformation in the material overlying a thin gas production zone at the Krechba field in Algeria. The peak displacement after three years of gas production is approximately 0.5 cm, overlying the eastern margin of the anticlinal structure defining the gas field. Using data from 15 irregularly-spaced images of range change, we calculate the diffusive travel times associated with the startup of a gas production well. The inequality constraints are incorporated into the estimates of model parameter resolution and covariance, improving the resolution by roughly 30 to 40%.
STOCHASTIC VARIATIONAL INEQUALITIES: RESIDUAL ...
2011-02-20T23:59:59.000Z
Feb 20, 2011 ... to failure of the equilibrium. Mathematical analysis and practical examples show that the ERM-formulation is robust in the sense that its solution ...
Brinker, C. Jeffrey
Nanotechnology Now - Press Release: "Sandia and UNM lead effort to destroy cancers: Boosting medicine with nanotechnology strengthens drug cocktail many times over" http://www.nanotech-now.com/news.cgi?story_id=42258[4/21/2011 11:23:41 AM] About Us Nanotechnology News Columns Products Directories Career Center
Strengthening Cyber Security | Department of Energy
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362 334DepartmentCivilianAffairs,SiteStories Stories Michigan Saves' NewStrategic
Strengthening Tribal Communities, Sustaining Future Generations
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362 334DepartmentCivilianAffairs,SiteStories Stories Michigan Saves'Office of Indian Energy Policy
Strengthening in Gold Nanopillars with Nanoscale Twins
Sansoz, Frederic
*, Physics Department, The UniVersity of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont 05405, and School of Engineering, The UniVersity of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont 05405 Received April 23, 2007; Revised Manuscript Received
Research Articles Strengthening the Capacity of Local
practitioners and state, tribal, and federal agencies. a Battelle Centers for Public Health Research and Evaluation, Seattle, WA b Battelle Centers for Public Health Research and Evaluation, Durham, NC c National Battelle Centers for Public Health Research and Evaluation, Arlington, VA f Battelle Centers for Public
Executive Order 13423- Strengthening Federal Environmental, Energy...
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
the United States that Federal agencies conduct their environmental, transportation, and energy-related activities under the law in support of their respective missions in an...
Strengthening the Workforce in Better Buildings Neighborhoods
Sperling, Gil; Adams, Cynthia; Fiori, Laura; Penzkover, Dave; Wood, Danny; Farris, Joshua
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The Better Buildings Neighborhood Program is supporting an expanding energy efficiency workforce upgrading buildings in communities around the country. Contractors are being trained and have access to additional job opportunities, spurring local economic growth while helping Americans use less energy, save money, and be more comfortable in their homes and other buildings.
Strengthening Line Management Oversight and Federal Monitoring...
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board DOE U.S. Department of Energy DSA Documented Safety Analysis EG Evaluation Guideline FHA Fire Hazard Analysis HA Hazard Analysis HC...
Strengthening Line Management Oversight and Federal Monitoring...
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
... 5 iii Acronyms DOE U.S. Department of Energy DSA Documented Safety Analysis HA Hazard Analysis LOI Line of Inquiry SAC Specific Administrative Control...
Strengthening Line Management Oversight and Federal Monitoring...
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
in laboratories, or environmental circumstances such as the presence of insects, hanta virus, etc., can be screened from further consideration in the DSA, but should be...
Strengthening the Workforce in Better Buildings Neighborhoods
Sperling, Gil; Adams, Cynthia; Fiori, Laura; Penzkover, Dave; Wood, Danny; Farris, Joshua
2013-05-29T23:59:59.000Z
The Better Buildings Neighborhood Program is supporting an expanding energy efficiency workforce upgrading buildings in communities around the country. Contractors are being trained and have access to additional job opportunities, spurring local economic growth while helping Americans use less energy, save money, and be more comfortable in their homes and other buildings.
Recent NIST Activities to Strengthen Forensic Science
official time for the U.S. #12;Types of Standards documentary (technical) standards physical (measurement-administered effort dedicated to identifying and developing technically sound, consensus-based documentary standards Assistant to the Director for Forensic Science National Institute of Standards and Technology Gaithersburg
Strengthening the Loan Program | Department of Energy
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5(Million Cubic Feet) Oregon (Including Vehicle Fuel) (MillionStructural Basis of Wnt Recognition by Frizzled5I Assessment ofStreet LegalStrengtheningthe
Oxide strengthened molybdenum-rhenium alloy
Bianco, Robert (Cleveland, OH); Buckman, Jr., R. William (Pittsburgh, PA)
2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Provided is a method of making an ODS molybdenum-rhenium alloy which includes the steps of: (a) forming a slurry containing molybdenum oxide and a metal salt dispersed in an aqueous medium, the metal salt being selected from nitrates or acetates of lanthanum, cerium or thorium; (b) heating the slurry in the presence of hydrogen to form a molybdenum powder comprising molybdenum and an oxide of the metal salt; (c) mixing rhenium powder with the molybdenum powder to form a molybdenum-rhenium powder; (d) pressing the molybdenum-rhenium powder to form a molybdenum-rhenium compact; (e) sintering the molybdenum-rhenium compact in hydrogen or under a vacuum to form a molybdenum-rhenium ingot; and (f) compacting the molybdenum-rhenium ingot to reduce the cross-sectional area of the molybdenum-rhenium ingot and form a molybdenum-rhenium alloy containing said metal oxide. The present invention also provides an ODS molybdenum-rhenium alloy made by the method. A preferred Mo--Re-ODS alloy contains 7-14 weight % rhenium and 2-4 volume % lanthanum oxide.
Strengthening the Loan Program | Department of Energy
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
and funded the program. The report makes clear that the Department was operating under Congressional requirements to provide loans to projects that would have trouble obtaining...
Strengthened PT-symmetry with P $\
Miloslav Znojil
2006-01-09T23:59:59.000Z
Two alternative scenarios are shown possible in Quantum Mechanics working with non-Hermitian $PT-$symmetric form of observables. While, usually, people assume that $P$ is a self-adjoint indefinite metric in Hilbert space (and that their $P-$pseudo-Hermitian Hamiltonians $H$ possess the real spectra etc), we propose to relax the constraint $P=P^\\dagger$ as redundant. Non-Hermitian triplet of coupled square wells is chosen for illustration purposes. Its solutions are constructed and the observed degeneracy of their spectrum is attributed to the characteristic nontrivial symmetry $S={P}^{-1} {P}^\\dagger \
Strengthening Line Management Oversight and Federal Monitoring...
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
for only significant localized consequences Hazards are evaluated to provide an evaluation of the spectrum of risks to the public, workers, and the environment, and to...
Strengthening Our Partnerships with Historically Black Colleges...
students William Dumpson, left, and Alejandra Chirino, center, talk with Savannah River National Laboratory Director Dr. Terry Michalske at a recent research exchange...
Strengthening Line Management Oversight and Federal Monitoring...
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
operation and include, but are not limited to: in-service inspection; worker protection; ventilation filter testing; quality programs; configuration control; and document control?...
Submission on "Preliminary Proposals for Strengthening
Po, Lai-Man
of electronic transmission for copyright works, with related criminal sanctions against the breach of this right) if a school has to comply with the code of practice such as keeping access records. (d) Continue to rely new criminal liability pertaining to unauthorised downloading and peer-to-peer (P2P) file
Directional Recrystallisation in Dispersion Strengthened Alloys
Baloch, Muhammad Moazam
1989-12-12T23:59:59.000Z
aircraft engines and are expected to have a life time about ten times that of aircraft engines (Singer, 1986). Industrial gas turbines are also expected to run in much more corrosive conditions and using lower grades of fuel. While alloy development... . The aim of the project was to investigate the the fundamental metallurgy of this particular process, and to model the process itself. The study includes mechanically alloyed superalloy of the kind used in the aircraft industry, mechanically alloyed...
Generalized entropy, fractional logarithmic Sobolev inequality, and Beckner type inequality
Shigekawa, Ichiro
-Sobolev inequali* *ty and discuss the relation between the spectral gap and the OE-Sobolev inequalit* *y
Concentration Inequalities Stephane Boucheron1
Trias Fargas 25-27, 08005 Barcelona, Spain lugosi@upf.es WWW home page: http://www.econ.upf.es/~lugosi 3
GROTHENDIECK INEQUALITIES FOR SEMIDEFINITE PROGRAMS ...
2010-11-04T23:59:59.000Z
Nov 4, 2010 ... a graph whose chromatic number is k, i.e., one can color its vertices with k colors so that adjacent ..... Andrews, Askey, Roy [3, p. 235, Exercise ...
COLLOQUIUM: From Democratic Consensus to Cannibalistic Hordes: The
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports(Journal Article) |govInstrumentsmfrirt DocumentationSitesWeather6 Shares of U.S. BuildingsConditions | Princeton Plasma PhysicsPrinciples of
Liberalization and Leninist Legacies: Comparative Perspectives on Democratic Transitions
Crawford, Beverly; Lijphart, Arend
1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
tic buyers, auctions, employee buyouts, etc. ) (see usefulplans that feature employee buyout schemes (Kopp 1991; Marerto “specific criteria for buyouts—a point system—a rules-
Democratization and the development of Japan's uneven welfare state
Shimabukuro, Yumiko T
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Comparative data reveal that Japan consistently has had one of the highest poverty rates among advanced industrialized nations, yet its government taxes the poor more heavily and gives them less in public cash transfers ...
Understanding Democratic Congruence: A Demand-Supply Perspective
Welzel, Christian; Klingemann, Hans-Dieter
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Luxemb. Mexico G.B. El Salv. Malta Italy Peru NL SloveniaSlovenia Cyprus Italy Estonia Malta Uruguay Taiwan HungaryBrazil Domin. R. Cyprus Chile Malta Portugal Peru Venezuela
Understanding Democratic Congruence: A Demand-Supply Perspective
Welzel, Christian; Klingemann, Hans-Dieter
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Uganda Tanzania Venezuela Kyrgyzstan Moldova Russia GeorgiaUganda Belarus Russia Kyrgyzstan Macedonia Nigeria Indonesia
Federal Institutions and the Democratic Transition: Lessons From South Africa
Rubinfeld, Daniel
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
? = 2050 Rand. Technology and Costs (a e , a m , a u ): Theand a u = 7 (years). Technology and Costs (S): The costs perS = 100,000 Rand. Technology and Costs (m): If the central
Agrarian Reform and Rural Democratization in Latin America. PART 1
Fox, Jonathan A
1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Worker's Party candidate, Lula, almost won the first directup to about 85% turnout. Lula was the only candidate in
Center for the Study of Democratic Institutions 230 Appleton Place
Palmeri, Thomas
practices and permit consistent measurement. The Vanderbilt Poll asked Tennesseans about a variety of important topics. A series of questions asked about the upcoming presidential race. Tennesseans were asked
Understanding Democratic Congruence: A Demand-Supply Perspective
Welzel, Christian; Klingemann, Hans-Dieter
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Brazil Norway Moldova NZ Macedonia Switzerlad. AlbaniaPhilippines Colombia Macedonia Turkey Albania GuatemalaIran Argentina Bosnia Macedonia Belarus Algeria Armenia
Personalized extensions : democratizing the programming of virtual-physical interactions
Idlbi, Abdulrahman Y
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This thesis describes a new framework that enables a wider range of people to extend and customize programming environments to support more personalized explorations, especially in the physical world. While the vocabulary ...
Team Teaching Beginning Spanish at a University: A Democratic Model
Minor, Denise E.
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
R. (1995). Interdisciplinary courses and team teaching: Newsafe for uncertainty: Teams, teaching and school reform.A. & Davis-Wiley, P. (2000). Team teaching a graduate course
Democratic Republic of Congo-Low Emission Capacity Building Programme...
Programme (UNDP), German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), Australian Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency (DCCEE),...
Democratic Republic of Congo-Low Emission Capacity Building Programme
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Democratic Republic of Congo-National Adaptation Plan Global Support
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousPlasmaP aCentrotherm PhotovoltaicsDOI-BLM-NV-W030-20??-????-CXDawuDelaware City,PageDeltakProgramme
Democratic Republic of Congo-Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousPlasmaP aCentrotherm PhotovoltaicsDOI-BLM-NV-W030-20??-????-CXDawuDelaware City,PageDeltakProgramme(NAMAs) in
Democratic Republic of Congo: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information
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Dynamical realization of democratic Yukawa matrices and alignment of A
Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,SeparationConnect Journal Article: Discrete phase space based onTurbulent, Self-Gravitating Molecularterms
Transitional justice and democratic consolidation in Eastern Europe
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Vergangenheitsbewältigung in Polen. Osteuropa, 48(10), 1015-Paczkowski, Andrzej. (2005). Polen 1989-1998: Die Politik indemokratischer Umbruch in Polen, Tschechien, der Slovakei
Democratic Republic of Congo-Low Emission Capacity Building Programme
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Democratic Republic of Congo: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information
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Democratizing global tourism or designing diversity to reach harmony
Radoman, Slobodan, M. Arch. Massachusetts Institute of Technology
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The largest lake in the Balkans, the largest bird "airport" in Europe, multinational, protected under the Ramsar Convention, a candidate for the UNESCO transboundary biosphere enlisting, the Skadar Lake is yet, economically ...
Democratic Republic of Congo-National Adaptation Plan Global...
enable LDCs to identify, finance and implement appropriate adaptation measures, and to balance sectoral and cross-sectoral priorities, at national, sub-national and local levels....
Understanding Democratic Congruence: A Demand-Supply Perspective
Welzel, Christian; Klingemann, Hans-Dieter
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Deutsche Verlagsanstalt. Bratton, M. & R. Mattes (2001). “Science 31: 447-74. Bratton, M. , R. Mattes & E. Gymiah-
Democratic Republic of Congo-Nationally Appropriate Mitigation...
Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) in the Congo Basin AgencyCompany Organization Environment Canada, International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD) Sector Climate, Energy,...