National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for inequality strengthening democratic

  1. Inequalities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-08

    CHAPTER 2. Inequalities. In this section we add the axioms describe the behavior of inequal- ities (the order axioms) to the list of axioms begun in Chapter 1.

  2. Inequalities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    cbailey

    2014-08-15

    Inequalities can be expressed in the following three ways. 1. With an inequality symbol ) , , ,(?. ?. 2. With a number line graph. 3. Using interval notation.

  3. Expressing Inequalities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    cbailey

    2014-08-15

    Inequalities can be expressed in the following three ways. 1. With an inequality symbol ) , , ,(?. ?. 2. With a number line graph. 3. Using interval notation.

  4. Hylke van Dijk Democratic processing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hylke van Dijk Democratic processing #12;Democratic processing Mastering the complexity, in het openbaar te verdedigen op maandag 22 november 2004 om 13:00 uur door Hijlke Watze VAN DIJK Dijk, H.W. van Democratic processing: Mastering the complexity of communicating systems H.W. van Dijk

  5. Inequalities/Large Deviations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-11-11

    8. Estimation theorems. Gameplan: Chapter 8.2 Markov inequality and Chebychev inequality Chapter 8.4. Jensens inequality and Chernov Bounds. Theorem ...

  6. Wealth Inequality In America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter, Frederick M.

    /10/31/inequality- wealth-income-us/ · 2: hVp://www.epi.org/publica9on/income- inequality-by-state-1917-to

  7. Californians' Beliefs About Income Inequality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahler, Douglas J; Kelly, Beckett; Lenz, Gabriel; Rarick, Ethan; Stoker, Laura

    2015-01-01

    and potential remedies for inequality. On some issues,California’s Rising Income Inequality: Causes and Concerns,Bruce. Debate over Inequality Highlights Sharp Partisan

  8. Dispersion strengthened copper

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sheinberg, H.; Meek, T.T.; Blake, R.D.

    1990-01-09

    A composition of matter is described which is comprised of copper and particles which are dispersed throughout the copper, where the particles are comprised of copper oxide and copper having a coating of copper oxide. A method for making this composition of matter is also described. This invention relates to the art of powder metallurgy and, more particularly, it relates to dispersion strengthened metals.

  9. Democrat Hot Springs Resort Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Democrat Hot Springs Resort Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Democrat Hot Springs Resort Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal...

  10. Democracy, Redistribution and Inequality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Acemoglu, Daron

    2013-10-30

    In this paper we revisit the relationship between democracy, redistribution and inequality. We first explain the theoretical reasons why democracy is expected to increase redistribution and reduce inequality, and why this ...

  11. Fejer-type inequalities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mitroi, F C

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to present some new Fejer-type results for convex functions. Improvements of Young's inequality (the arithmetic-geometric mean inequality) and other applications to special means are pointed as well.

  12. Dominican Republic-Support for the Preparation of National Climate...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    of regional and global partners." Program Focus The program will focus on reducing poverty and inequality, strengthening democratic governance, increasing disaster preparedness...

  13. Costa Rica-Regional Programme for LAC: Preparation of Sectoral...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    of regional and global partners." Program Focus The program will focus on reducing poverty and inequality, strengthening democratic governance, increasing disaster preparedness...

  14. Dominican Republic-Regional Programme for LAC: Support for the...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    of regional and global partners." Program Focus The program will focus on reducing poverty and inequality, strengthening democratic governance, increasing disaster preparedness...

  15. Peru-GEF Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions in the Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    of regional and global partners." Program Focus The program will focus on reducing poverty and inequality, strengthening democratic governance, increasing disaster preparedness...

  16. A Graph Bottleneck Inequality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chebotarev, Pavel

    2008-01-01

    For a weighted multidigraph, let $f_{ij}$ be the total weight of spanning converging forests that have vertex $i$ in a tree converging to $j$. We prove that $f_{ij}f_{jk}=f_{ik}f_{jj}$ if and only if every directed path from $i$ to $k$ contains $j$ (a graph bottleneck equality). Otherwise, $f_{ij}f_{jk}inequality). In a companion paper, this inequality provides the foundation for the construction of a new family of graph distances by ensuring the fulfillment of the triangle inequality. This stems from the fact that the graph bottleneck inequality is a multiplicative analogue of the triangle inequality for proximities.

  17. Executive Order 13423- Strengthening Federal Environmental, Energy...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    423- Strengthening Federal Environmental, Energy, and Transportation Management Executive Order 13423- Strengthening Federal Environmental, Energy, and Transportation Management It...

  18. Strengthening Relationships Between Energy Programs and Housing...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Strengthening Relationships Between Energy Programs and Housing Programs Strengthening Relationships Between Energy Programs and Housing Programs Better Buildings Residential...

  19. Strengthening regional safeguards

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Palhares, L.; Almeida, G.; Mafra, O. [Brazilian-Argentine Agency for Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)] [and others

    1996-08-01

    Nuclear cooperation between Argentina and Brazil has been growing since the early 1980`s and as it grew, so did cooperation with the US Department of Energy (DOE). The Brazilian-Argentine Agency for Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials (ABACC) was formed in December 1991 to operate the Common System of Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials (SCCC). In April 1994, ABACC and the DOE signed an Agreement of Cooperation in nuclear material safeguards. This cooperation has included training safeguards inspectors, exchanging nuclear material measurement and containment and surveillance technology, characterizing reference materials, and studying enrichment plant safeguards. The goal of the collaboration is to exchange technology, evaluate new technology in Latin American nuclear facilities, and strengthen regional safeguards. This paper describes the history of the cooperation, its recent activities, and future projects. The cooperation is strongly supported by all three governments: the Republics of Argentina and Brazil and the United States.

  20. BURKHOLDER INEQUALITIES FOR SUBMARTINGALES, BESSEL ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-11-20

    many interesting inequalities which have numerous applications in various ... Here we recall the celebrated inequality first proved by Burkholder in [11] in the.

  1. MA 15300 Lesson 15 Inequality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patrick Devlin

    2014-05-12

    1. MA 15300 Lesson 15. Inequality: - a statement that two quantities or expressions are not necessarily equal. - an inequality can be expressed using any of the ...

  2. Classical exponential inequalities Main results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bercu, Bernard

    on left or on right A keystone lemma New exponential inequalities 3 Statistical application B. Bercu and A results Heavy on left or on right A keystone lemma New exponential inequalities 3 Statistical application~na's inequalities 2 Main results Heavy on left or on right A keystone lemma New exponential inequalities 3

  3. Leggett-Garg Inequalities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clive Emary; Neill Lambert; Franco Nori

    2014-01-30

    In contrast to the spatial Bell's inequalities, which probe entanglement between spatially-separated systems, the Leggett-Garg inequalities test the correlations of a single system measured at different times. Violation of a genuine Leggett-Garg test implies either the absence of a realistic description of the system or the impossibility of measuring the system without disturbing it. Quantum mechanics violates the inequalities on both accounts and the original motivation for these inequalities was as a test for quantum coherence in macroscopic systems. The last few years has seen a number of experimental tests and violations of these inequalities in a variety of microscopic systems such as superconducting qubits, nuclear spins, and photons. In this article, we provide an introduction to the Leggett-Garg inequalities and review these latest experimental developments. We discuss important topics such as the significance of the non-invasive measurability assumption, the clumsiness loophole, and the role of weak measurements. Also covered are some recent theoretical proposals for the application of Leggett-Garg inequalities in quantum transport, quantum biology and nano-mechanical systems.

  4. Standard deviation Chebychev's inequality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adler, Robert J.

    , is no more than 1/(-1.1333)2 = 0.779. · BUT, these are bounds and not approximations. In partic- ular, Chebychev's inequality is not good for k near 1, and useless for k

  5. Sobolev, Poincaré and isoperimetric inequalities for subelliptic ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bumsik Kim This is based on a joint work by F. Baudoin and B. Kim

    2013-04-23

    ?1 >. Sobolev, Poincaré and isoperimetric inequalities for subelliptic diffusion operators satisfying a generalized curvature dimension inequality. Bumsik Kim.

  6. Earth Matter Effect on Democratic Neutrinos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dmitry Zhuridov

    2014-08-30

    The neutrino propagation through the Earth is investigated in the framework of the democratic neutrino theory. In this theory the neutrino mixing angle theta-1-3 is approximately determined, which allows one to make a well defined neutrino oscillogram driven by the 1-3 mixing in the matter of the Earth. Significant differences in this oscillogram from the case of models with relatively small theta-1-3 are discussed.

  7. Background Report on Eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Warren, Tracy A

    2011-05-01

    Each month, approximately 45,000 people die from violence, hunger, disease, and other effects of displacement as a result of war in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). The country is often said to be plagued by a 'resource curse.' During each period in history since its discovery by the West, the DRC has possessed the resources the world craves and the world has sought these without regard for the consequences to the Congolese people. The catastrophic consequences of Congo's history of natural resource exploitation are the direct and indirect death of millions of Congolese people. The current war in Congo is multi-causal in nature but explanations are often reduced to describing it as an ethic conflict based on objective grievance. Objective grievance such as inequality, ethnic tensions, land disputes, and lack of democracy do exist, but they are neither necessary nor sufficient to explain the cause of the violent conflict, and more importantly, they fall short in explaining why this conflict has continued for years. The reality is the conflict is an economic war in which the trade of conflict minerals, gold and the 3Ts (tin, tantalum, tungsten), is directly linked to the financial sustainability of the groups fighting each other in eastern DRC. Objective grievance is a by-product of the conflict, used to create a false but plausible moral justification to continue violence. This paper examines the history of conflict in the DRC and the socio-economic variables contributing to the current war fought over conflict minerals.

  8. Alternative Proofs of Ten Inequalities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adilsultan Lepes

    2014-12-06

    This article offers different proofs of ten inequalities from those already published. So that the readers can see for themselves, the tasks specified in the condition of the source and classical inequalities which used in previously published proofs.

  9. Measuring Inequality and Segregation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roberto, Elizabeth

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, I introduce the Divergence Index, a conceptually intuitive and methodologically rigorous measure of inequality and segregation. The index measures the difference between a distribution of interest and another empirical, theoretical, or normative distribution. The Divergence Index provides flexibility in specifying a theoretically meaningful basis for evaluating inequality. It evaluates how surprising an empirical distribution is given a theoretical distribution that represents equality. I demonstrate the unique features of the new measure, as well as deriving its mathematical equivalence with Theil's Inequality Index and the Information Theory Index. I compare the dynamics of the measures using simulated data, and an empirical analysis of racial residential segregation in the Detroit, MI, metro area. The Information Theory Index has become the gold standard for decomposition analyses of segregation. I show that although the Information Theory Index can be decomposed for subareas, it is misleadi...

  10. Negotiation and deliberation in Mexico's democratization process : six cases of legal reform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hernandez, Mara I. (Mara Isabel Hernandez Estrada)

    2013-01-01

    This dissertation identifies political practices that increase negotiation effectiveness and democratic legitimacy simultaneously, as key enabling factors for democratization from within a hybrid regime. This finding runs ...

  11. Secularizing Sentiment, Democratizing Virtue: A Genealogy of the Liberal Subject Over the Long Nineteenth Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Epstein-Corbin, Sean

    2012-01-01

    Evasion of Philosophy: A Genealogy of Pragmatism. Madison,Democratizing Virtue: A Genealogy of the Liberal SubjectDemocratizing Virtue: A Genealogy of the Liberal Subject

  12. Improved Hardy-Sobolev inequalities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Balinsky; W. D. Evans; D. Hundertmark; R. T. Lewis

    2007-10-21

    The main result includes features of a Hardy-type inequality and an inequality of either Sobolev or Gagliardo-Nirenberg type. It is inspired by the method of proof of a recent improved Sobolev inequality derived by M. Ledoux which brings out the connection between Sobolev embeddings and heat kernel bounds. Here Ledoux's technique is applied to the operator $L:= {\\bf{x}} \\cdot \

  13. Remarks on the Obrechkoff inequality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-11-25

    Remarks on the Obrechkoff inequality. Alexandre Eremenko? and Alexander Fryntov. January 25, 2015. Abstract. Let u be the logarithmic potential of a ...

  14. Remarks on the Obrechkoff inequality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Remarks on the Obrechkoff inequality. Alexandre Eremenko? and Alexander Fryntov. January 25, 2015. Abstract. Let u be the logarithmic potential of a ...

  15. On the infimum convolution inequality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LataÅ?a, RafaÅ?

    2008-01-01

    In the paper we study the infimum convolution inequalites. Such an inequality was first introduced by B. Maurey to give the optimal concentration of measure behaviour for the product exponential measure. We show how IC-inequalities are tied to concentration and study the optimal cost functions for an arbitrary probability measure. In particular, we show the optimal IC-inequality for product log-concave measures and for uniform measures on the l_p^n balls. Such an optimal inequality implies, for a given measure, in particular the Central Limit Theorem of Klartag and the tail estimates of Paouris.

  16. Strengthening the Workforce in Better Buildings Neighborhoods...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Program "Strengthening the Workforce in Better Buildings Neighborhoods" video. MUSIC GRAPHIC: Saving energy, creating jobs, improving neighborhoods Gil Sperling, U.S....

  17. Contending Identities of Pakistan and The Issue of Democratic Governance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khan, Ijaz

    2006-01-01

    , Numbers 1 & 2, 2006. CONTENDING IDENTITIES OF PAKISTAN AND THE ISSUE OF DEMOCRATIC GOVERNANCE IJAZ KHAN ABSTRACT A democratic progressive Pakistan is tied with a Pakistani identity based on the facts of plurality of its being... . And conversely, a centrist militarist Pakistan as it must always rely on the religious argument will continue to give in to the rise of religious extremism in society and state. The main argument of the present article is that there is a direct connection...

  18. Research on Second Language Acquisition: A Democratic Educational Concept 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lara-Alecio, Rafael; Irby, Beverly J.

    2010-10-22

    /plain; charset=ISO-8859-1 WORKING PAPER Research on Second Language Acquisition 1 Running head: RESEARCH ON SECOND LANGUAGE ACQUISITION Research on Second Language Acquisition: A Democratic Educational Concept Rafael Lara-Alecio, Ph... Research on Second Language Acquisition: A Democratic Educational Concept There are four issues and levels of significance regarding research on second language acquisition in the areas of economy, best educational practices, lack of research...

  19. Economic Growth and Inequality: Drawing the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    von der Heydt, Rüdiger

    and policies in later sessions #12;Economic Growth and Inequality: The Famous Kuznets Curve #12;Income Inequality #12;The New Kuznets Curve #12;Income Inequality #12;From Income Inequality to Health #12;Percent the Channels) #12;Kuznets Curves for Socially Determined Health Outcomes David Bishai, MD,MPH, PhD Professor

  20. Hispanic Poverty and Inequality Grant Competition Stanford Center on Poverty and Inequality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Fei-Fei

    Hispanic Poverty and Inequality Grant Competition Stanford Center on Poverty and Inequality Request for Proposals The Stanford Center on Poverty and Inequality (CPI), a National Poverty Research Center funded by the Office

  1. The IGS Survey: Californians' Beliefs about Income Inequality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahler, Douglas J; Kelly, Beckett; Lenz, Gabriel; Rarick, Ethan; Stoker, Laura

    2015-01-01

    August 2015 Californians’ Beliefs about Income InequalityMobility and Income Inequality in California. San Francisco:California’s Rising Income Inequality: Causes and Concerns,

  2. Conjectured inequality for subharmonic functions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-04-04

    Conjectured inequality for subharmonic functions. A. Eremenko. April 4, 2015. Let u1,u2,u3 be three subharmonic functions in the plane, and uj(0) = 0, 1 ? j ? 3 ...

  3. Characterization of microstructural strengthening in the heat...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    microstructural strengthening in the heat-affected zone of a blast-resistant naval steel Home Author: X. Yu, J. Caron, S. S. Babu, J. C. Lippold, D. Isheim, D. N. Seidman Year:...

  4. ACTION ITEMS STRENGTHENING THE PHYSICS ENTERPRISE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lozano-Robledo, Alvaro

    1 ACTION ITEMS STRENGTHENING THE PHYSICS ENTERPRISE IN UNIVERSITIES AND NATIONAL LABORATORIES MAY 6 that make demeaning or snide comments, you will find the rewards are great. "Judy Franz, APS #12;3 EXECUTIVE: ACTION ITEMS ..........................................................................5 Physics

  5. Secretary of Energy Signs Memorandum of Understanding to Strengthen...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Signs Memorandum of Understanding to Strengthen U.S.-Portugal Cooperation in Renewable Energy Technologies Secretary of Energy Signs Memorandum of Understanding to Strengthen...

  6. Energy Department Announces $13 Million to Strengthen Local Solar...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    3 Million to Strengthen Local Solar Markets and Spur Solar Deployment Across the United States Energy Department Announces 13 Million to Strengthen Local Solar Markets and Spur...

  7. Kenya-Strengthening Adaptation and Resilience to Climate Change...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Kenya-Strengthening Adaptation and Resilience to Climate Change(StARCK) (Redirected from Strengthening Adaptation and Resilience to Climate Change in Kenya (StARCK)) Jump to:...

  8. Strengthening Public-Private Partnerships to Accelerate Global...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Strengthening Public-Private Partnerships to Accelerate Global Electricity Technology Deployment Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Strengthening...

  9. DOE Strengthens Public Registry to Track Greenhouse Gas Emissions...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Strengthens Public Registry to Track Greenhouse Gas Emissions DOE Strengthens Public Registry to Track Greenhouse Gas Emissions April 17, 2006 - 10:20am Addthis Announces Revised...

  10. Democratizing in Excess: A Marxist Interpretation of the Jasmine Revolutions in North Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agbo, Joseph N.; Chimakonam, Jonathan O.

    2015-01-01

    wonder in this unipolar, new world order whether there is anleaders of the new world order or democratic institutions

  11. The State and income inequality in Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Medeiros, Marcelo; Souza, Pedro H.G.F.

    2013-01-01

    Cash Transfers in Brazil, Chile and Mexico: Impacts uponand income inequality in Brazil Journal. 1986;96(383):722–the inequality levels in Brazil would be much higher than

  12. 1MSE 2090: Introduction to Materials Science Chapter 7, Strengthening Dislocations and Strengthening Mechanisms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhigilei, Leonid V.

    , Strengthening Why metals could be plastically deformed? Why the plastic deformation properties could be changed and Strengthening Mechanisms What is happening in material during plastic deformation? Chapter Outline Dislocations and Plastic Deformation Motion of dislocations in response to stress Slip Systems Plastic deformation

  13. 1MSE 2090: Introduction to Materials Science Chapter 7, Strengthening Dislocations and Strengthening Mechanisms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhigilei, Leonid V.

    Chapter 7, Strengthening Why metals could be plastically deformed? Why the plastic deformation properties and Strengthening Mechanisms What is happening in material during plastic deformation? Chapter Outline Dislocations and Plastic Deformation Motion of dislocations in response to stress Slip Systems Plastic deformation

  14. Functional inequalities for subelliptic diffusion operators via ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fabrice Baudoin

    2012-07-15

    Apr 16, 2012 ... The curvature dimension inequality on Riemannian manifolds. In Riemannian geometry the Ricci tensor plays a fundamental role.

  15. Isoperimetric Inequalities in Probability, Geometry, and PDE's

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rodrigo Bauelos,

    2005-05-18

    Nov 6, 2004 ... Isoperimetric Inequalities [1]. George Pólya, Mathematics and Plausible Reasoning (1954): “The isoperimetric theorem, deeply rooted in our.

  16. Bridging the Divide in Democratic Engagement: Studying Conversation Patterns in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramakrishnan, Naren

    , where there is a concentration of poverty, are both less likely to exhibit these democratic behaviors compare informal conversational activity that takes place online in communities of high and low poverty of i-Neighbors by poverty level, and apply our algorithm to six neighborhoods (three economically

  17. Pro-Trade Democrats Go AWOL (NYT) 639 words

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lopez-Carr, David

    Al Gore went on prime-time television to debate Ross Perot, a foe of free trade, in a clash Mr. Gore is widely believed to have won. The debate helped propel supporters of the North American Free Trade isn't going away whether Cafta gets approved or not. Free-trade Democrats should be using

  18. Urban health and health inequalities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Urban health and health inequalities and the role of urban forestry in Britain: A review Liz O'Brien Kathryn Williams Amy Stewart 2010 #12;Urban health and woodlands Contents Executive Summary 4 1.1.3 Definition of terms 9 3. The policy context: health and forestry policies 11 3.1 Health policies 11 3

  19. USING PERFORMANCE MEASUREMENTS TO EVALUATE AND STRENGTHEN INFORMATION SYSTEM SECURITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    USING PERFORMANCE MEASUREMENTS TO EVALUATE AND STRENGTHEN INFORMATION SYSTEM SECURITY Shirley about the security of information systems for the decision makers of organizations. When organizations to strengthen the overall security of their information and their information systems. Organizations

  20. An Analyzing Model of Stress-Related Wellbore Strengthening Techniques 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Albahrani, Hussain

    2015-08-10

    of wellbore strengthening was introduced. The ultimate goal of this concept is to increase the drilling fluid pressure required to fracture the formation; thus, eliminating lost circulation and NPT and reducing the costs. Numerous wellbore strengthening...

  1. Process for strengthening silicon based ceramics

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kim, Hyoun-Ee; Moorhead, A. J.

    1993-04-06

    A process for strengthening silicon based ceramic monolithic materials and omposite materials that contain silicon based ceramic reinforcing phases that requires that the ceramic be exposed to a wet hydrogen atmosphere at about 1400.degree. C. The process results in a dense, tightly adherent silicon containing oxide layer that heals, blunts , or otherwise negates the detrimental effect of strength limiting flaws on the surface of the ceramic body.

  2. Process for strengthening silicon based ceramics

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kim, Hyoun-Ee (Oak Ridge, TN); Moorhead, A. J. (Knoxville, TN)

    1993-01-01

    A process for strengthening silicon based ceramic monolithic materials and omposite materials that contain silicon based ceramic reinforcing phases that requires that the ceramic be exposed to a wet hydrogen atmosphere at about 1400.degree. C. The process results in a dense, tightly adherent silicon containing oxide layer that heals, blunts , or otherwise negates the detrimental effect of strength limiting flaws on the surface of the ceramic body.

  3. Strengthening the Workforce in Better Buildings Neighborhoods (Text Version)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Below is a text version of the Better Buildings Neighborhood Program "Strengthening the Workforce in Better Buildings Neighborhoods" video.

  4. PRECIPITATION-STRENGTHENED AUSTENITIC FE-MN-TI ALLOYS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chiang, K.-M.

    2010-01-01

    combined with the high PRECIPITATION-STRENGTHENED AUSTENITICMORPHOLOGY OF LAVES PHASE PRECIPITATION", •••. PRECIPITATECOLD WORK ON PRECIPITATION"",. , •• " , . , . " " , . , L~

  5. Halanay type inequalities on time scales

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ad\\ivar, Murat

    2011-01-01

    This paper aims to introduce Halanay type inequalities on time scales. By means of these inequalities we derive new global stability conditions for nonlinear dynamic equations on time scales. Giving several examples we show that beside generalization and extension to q-difference case, our results also provide improvements for the existing theory regarding differential and difference inequalites, which are the most important particular cases of dynamic inequalities on time scales.

  6. An equivalent form of Young's inequality with upper bound

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. Minguzzi

    2008-08-05

    Young's integral inequality is complemented with an upper bound to the remainder. The new inequality turns out to be equivalent to Young's inequality, and the cases in which the equality holds become particularly transparent in the new formulation.

  7. Linear rank inequalities on five or more variables

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dougherty, Randall; Zeger, Kenneth

    2009-01-01

    Ranks of subspaces of vector spaces satisfy all linear inequalities satisfied by entropies (including the standard Shannon inequalities) and an additional inequality due to Ingleton. It is known that the Shannon and Ingleton inequalities generate all such linear rank inequalities on up to four variables, but it has been an open question whether additional inequalities hold for the case of five or more variables. Here we give a list of 24 inequalities which, together with the Shannon and Ingleton inequalities, generate all linear rank inequalities on five variables. We also give a partial list of linear rank inequalities on six variables and general results which produce such inequalities on an arbitrary number of variables; we prove that there are essentially new inequalities at each number of variables beyond four (a result also proved recently by Kinser).

  8. The Inequality-Satisfiability problem Dorit S. Hochbaum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hochbaum, Dorit S.

    The Inequality-Satisfiability problem Dorit S. Hochbaum Department of Industrial Engineering as inequality-clauses or i-clauses), each of which contains up to k n-variable inequalities; the problem

  9. Violation of Bell's inequality in fluid mechanics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robert Brady; Ross Anderson

    2013-05-28

    We show that a classical fluid mechanical system can violate Bell's inequality because the fluid motion is correlated over large distances.

  10. SHARP INEQUALITIES FOR POSITIVE FUNCTIONS 1. Introduction ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1910-50-11

    SHARP INEQUALITIES FOR POSITIVE FUNCTIONS. JOHNNY E. BROWN. This paper is dedicated to Peter L. Duren on the occasion of his 70th birthday.

  11. WEIGHTED NORM INEQUALITIES FOR FRACTIONAL MAXIMAL ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-11-19

    We study classical weighted Lp ? Lq inequalities for the fractional max- imal operators on Rd, proved originally by Muckenhoupt and Wheeden in the 70's. We

  12. Log-Sobolev inequalities for subelliptic operators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fabrice Baudoin

    2012-02-07

    Log-Sobolev inequalities for subelliptic operators. Fabrice Baudoin. Purdue University. Georgia Tech Probability Seminar. Based on a joint work with M.

  13. ARAKELOV INEQUALITIES FOR FAMILIES OF ABELIAN ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-11-25

    ARAKELOV INEQUALITIES FOR FAMILIES OF ABELIAN. VARIETIES AFTER DELIGNE, VIEHWEG, ZUO. DONU ARAPURA. Talk at IAS, Nov 25, 2014. I want to ...

  14. Bell Inequalities for Quantum Optical Fields

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marek Zukowski; Marcin Wiesniak; Wieslaw Laskowski

    2015-06-29

    We show that the "practical" Bell inequalities, which use intensities as the observed variables, commonly used in quantum optics and widely accepted in the community, suffer from an inherent loophole, which severely limits the range of local hidden variable theories of light, which are invalidated by their violation. We present alternative inequalities which do not suffer from any (theoretical) loophole. The new inequalities use redefined correlation functions, which involve averaged products of local rates rather than intensities. Surprisingly, the new inequalities detect entanglement in situations in which the "practical" ones fail. Thus, we have two for the price on one: full consistency with Bell's Theorem, and better device-independent detection of entanglement.

  15. The Nexus of Democratization: Guanxi and Governance in Taiwan and the PRC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Solinger, Dorothy

    2006-01-01

    Democratization in China and Taiwan (Oxford: ClarendonCivil Associations in Taiwan, Hong Kong and South China, inCrafting Democracy in Taiwan (Taipei: Institute for National

  16. ON A REAL ANALOGUE OF BEZOUT INEQUALITY AND THE ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-07-12

    Jul 12, 2014 ... Failure of the naive version of Bezout inequality over the reals. 5 .... over real closed fields where the original statement of the inequality does.

  17. A Fefferman–Phong Type Inequality and Applications to Quasilinear ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2002-02-07

    We establish a nonlocal generalization of a well-known inequality by C. Fefferman and ... Key words: Fefferman–Phong inequality, Morrey spaces, subelliptic ...

  18. RIEMANN'S INEQUALITY AND RIEMANN-ROCH Fix a compact ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-11-14

    RIEMANN'S INEQUALITY AND RIEMANN-ROCH. DONU ARAPURA. Fix a compact connected Riemann surface X of genus g. Riemann's inequality gives a

  19. Finance and Labor: Perspectives on Risk, Inequality, and Democracy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacoby, Sanford

    2009-01-01

    George Clarke et al. , “Finance and Income Inequality: WhatKunt, and Ross Levine, “Finance, Inequality, and the Poor,”10 Journal of Empirical Finance (2003); Pinelopi Goldberg

  20. IZA DP No. 2119 Punishment, Inequality and Emotions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    the punisher and the target, and one in which it does not affect inequality. We show that while inequality-aversion

  1. Democratic Republic of Congo: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTIONRobertsdale, Alabama (UtilityInstruments IncMississippi:Delta Electric PowerSupport |Democratic

  2. Democratic Republic of Congo: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButtePower VenturesInformation9) WindGridDeepi hassourceDemocratic Republic of

  3. Reduction of Economic Inequality in Combinatorial Domains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koolen, Marijn

    for assessing the fairness of a mechanism is the level of economic equality it can ensure. If it producesReduction of Economic Inequality in Combinatorial Domains Ulle Endriss Institute for Logic economic inequality, such as the Lorenz curve and the Gini index, are widely used in the social sciences

  4. Prosperity, Poverty and Inequality in London

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banaji,. Murad

    ASE Prosperity, Poverty and Inequality in London 2000/01-2010/11 Ruth Lupton, Polly Vizard, Amanda of wealth, poverty, income inequality and spatial difference. The full programme of analysis will include. The Changing Spatial Distribution of Poverty 2001 to 2011...................33 The Geography of Poverty

  5. Characterizations of Lojasiewicz inequalities and applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolte, Jerome; Ley, Olivier; Mazet, Laurent

    2008-01-01

    The classical Lojasiewicz inequality and its extensions for partial differential equation problems (Simon) and to o-minimal structures (Kurdyka) have a considerable impact on the analysis of gradient-like methods and related problems: minimization methods, complexity theory, asymptotic analysis of dissipative partial differential equations, tame geometry. This paper provides alternative characterizations of this type of inequalities for nonsmooth lower semicontinuous functions defined on a metric or a real Hilbert space. In a metric context, we show that a generalized form of the Lojasiewicz inequality (hereby called the Kurdyka-Lojasiewicz inequality) relates to metric regularity and to the Lipschitz continuity of the sublevel mapping, yielding applications to discrete methods (strong convergence of the proximal algorithm). In a Hilbert setting we further establish that asymptotic properties of the semiflow generated by $-\\partial f$ are strongly linked to this inequality. This is done by introducing the not...

  6. Standard Review Plan Preparation for Facility Operations Strengthening...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Facility Operations Strengthening Line Management Oversight and Federal Monitoring of Nuclear Facilities August 2013 2 OFFICE OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT Standard Review Plan...

  7. Indonesia-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    in Developing Asia Jump to: navigation, search Name Indonesia-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Developing Asia AgencyCompany Organization Asian...

  8. Philippines-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    in Developing Asia Jump to: navigation, search Name Philippines-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Developing Asia AgencyCompany Organization Asian...

  9. Vietnam-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Growth in Developing Asia Jump to: navigation, search Name Vietnam-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Developing Asia AgencyCompany Organization Asian...

  10. Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Developing...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Asia - Thailand Jump to: navigation, search Name Thailand-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Developing Asia AgencyCompany Organization Asian...

  11. Department of Energy Announces $39 Million to Strengthen University...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    and Development August 9, 2011 - 11:51am Addthis 51 Projects Aim to Cut Carbon Pollution, Create Clean Energy Jobs and Strengthen America's Nuclear Energy Industry...

  12. Structural improvement of strengthened deck panels with externally bonded plates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sim, Jongsung [Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Hanyang University, 1271 Sa1-dong, Ansan 425-791 (Korea, Republic of); Oh, Hongseob [Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Hanyang University, 1271 Sa1-dong, Ansan 425-791 (Korea, Republic of)]. E-mail: opera69@chollian.net

    2005-07-01

    Concrete bridge decks require eventual replacement and rehabilitation due to decreasing load-carrying capacity. This paper compares different strengthening design procedures that improve the usability and structural performance of bridge decks. The failure characteristics of bridge decks strengthened with various materials such as carbon fiber sheet, glass fiber sheet, steel plate, and grid CFRP and GFRP are analyzed, and the theoretical load-carrying capacities are evaluated using traditional beam and yield line theory, and punching shear analysis. The strengthening materials increase the punching shear strength of the deck and change the failure mode of the strengthened panel.

  13. Secretaries Chu and Salazar to Convene Meeting on Strengthening...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    leaders to discuss how to strengthen capabilities for responding to potential blowouts of oil and gas wells in deepwaters on the Outer Continental Shelf. The September 22, 2010...

  14. Key Practical Issues in Strengthening Safety Culture, INSAG-15

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Key Pratical Issues in Strengthening Safety Culture, INSAG-15. A report by the International Nuclear Safety Advisory Gorup, International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, 2002.

  15. Development of Austenitic ODS Strengthened Alloys for Very High...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Alloys for Very High Temperature Applications Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Development of Austenitic ODS Strengthened Alloys for Very High Temperature Applications...

  16. On Testing Entropic Inequalities for Superconducting Qudit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evgenii Glushkov; Anastasiia Glushkova; V. I. Man'ko

    2015-05-20

    The aim of this work is to verify the new entropic and information inequalities for non-composite systems using experimental $5 \\times 5$ density matrix of the qudit state, measured by the tomographic method in a multi-level superconducting circuit. These inequalities are well-known for bipartite and tripartite systems, but have never been tested for superconducting qudits. Entropic inequalities can also be used to evaluate the accuracy of experimental data and the value of mutual information, deduced from them, may charachterize correlations between different degrees of freedom in a noncomposite system.

  17. Information inequalities and Generalized Graph Entropies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sivakumar, Lavanya

    2012-01-01

    In this article, we discuss the problem of establishing relations between information measures assessed for network structures. Two types of entropy based measures namely, the Shannon entropy and its generalization, the R\\'{e}nyi entropy have been considered for this study. Our main results involve establishing formal relationship, in the form of implicit inequalities, between these two kinds of measures when defined for graphs. Further, we also state and prove inequalities connecting the classical partition-based graph entropies and the functional-based entropy measures. In addition, several explicit inequalities are derived for special classes of graphs.

  18. Rurality and Race: Inequities in Access to Five Types of Healthcare Services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caldwell, Julia

    2015-01-01

    Health Disparities and Inequalities Report - United States,Disadvantage, and Inequality in the Nonmetropolitan UnitedMorenoff JD. Durable Inequality: Spatial Dynamics, Social

  19. 1 Ma 15200 Lesson 18 Section 1.7 I Representing an Inequality ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    charlotb

    2010-10-04

    1. Ma 15200 Lesson 18 Section 1.7. I. Representing an Inequality. There are 3 ways to represent an inequality. (1) Using the inequality symbol (sometime.

  20. Patterns of Care, Status Differentiation, and the Reproduction of Inequality in Hospital Nursing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaiser, John William

    2015-01-01

    Perspectives on Gendered Inequality in Rules, Rights, andand the Reproduction of Inequality in Hospital Nursing byand the Reproduction of Inequality in Hospital Nursing by

  1. The Emergence of Newsworthiness: Inclusion, Exclusion and Inequality in Political News and Online Media

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grand, Noah

    2015-01-01

    Inclusion, Exclusion and Inequality in Political News andInclusion, Exclusion and Inequality in Political News andof news vi   Studying inequality in news from a production

  2. Making Sense of Male-Female & Husband-Wife Equalities & Inequalities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    White, Douglas R.; Truex, Gregory

    2015-01-01

    Wife Equalities and Inequalities. Wiley Companion to Cross-Wife Equalities & Inequalities Douglas R. White, U.C.wife equalities and inequalities. The first example is by an

  3. 1 Ma 15200 Lesson 18 Section 1.7 I Representing an Inequality ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    charlotb

    2011-02-22

    1. Ma 15200 Lesson 18 Section 1.7. I. Representing an Inequality. There are 3 ways to represent an inequality. (1) Using the inequality symbol (sometime.

  4. Convergence Conditions for Variational Inequality Algorithms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Magnanti, Thomas L.

    Within the extensive variational inequality literature, researchers have developed many algorithms. Depending upon the problem setting, these algorithms ensure the convergence of (i) the entire sequence of iterates, (ii) ...

  5. Linking Economic Complexity, Institutions and Income Inequality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hartmann, D; Jara-Figueroa, C; Aristarán, M; Hidalgo, C A

    2015-01-01

    The mix of products that a country exports predicts that country's subsequent pattern of diversification and economic growth. But does this product mix also predict income inequality? Here we combine methods from econometrics, network science, and economic complexity to show that countries that export complex products - products that are exported by a few diversified countries - have lower levels of income inequality - at comparable levels of GDP per capita and education - than countries exporting simpler products. Using multivariate analysis we show that the connection between income inequality and economic complexity is stronger than what can be explained using aggregate measures of income, institutions, export concentration, and human capital, and also, that increases in economic complexity are accompanied by decreases in income inequality over long periods of time. Finally, we use the position of a country in the network of related products - or product space - to explain how changes in a country's export...

  6. Inequality design limits in optimal aerodynamic shapes 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seaman, Charles Knight

    1968-01-01

    INEQUALITY DESIGN LIMITS IN OPTIMAL AERODYNAMIC SHAPES A Thesis By CHARLES KNIGHT SEAMAN Submitted to the Graduate College of the Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1968... Major Subject: Aerospace Engineering INEQUALITY DESIGN LIMITS IN OPTIMAL AERODYNAMIC SHAPES A Thesis By CHARLES KNIGHT SEAMAN Approved as to style and content by: (Chairman of Committee) (Head of Department) (Member) (Member) May 1968...

  7. Flexural Strengthening of Steel Bridges with High Modulus CFRP Strips

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rizkalla, F.ASCE2 Abstract: Acceptance of carbon fiber-reinforced polymer CFRP materials for strengthening of carbon fiber-reinforced poly- mer CFRP materials for repair of fatigue damage Armstrong 1983; Allan et al for design is proposed that considers the bilinear behavior of a typical strengthened beam to the elastic-plastic

  8. Optimisation of Shear Strengthened Reinforced Concrete Beams

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yapa, Hiran D.; Lees, Janet M.

    2014-05-21

    fle nS nL nP S1/a S2/a S3/a 2 5 25 0.42 0.58 — 83.3 0.73 2 5 50 0.40 0.60 — 92.8 0.81 2 10 25 0.39 0.61 — 96.0 0.84 2 10 50 0.38 0.61 — 107.1 0.94 2 15 5 0.42 0.58 — 91.6 0.80 2 20 5 0.39 0.60 — 94.7 0.83 Mean 0.40 0.60 — — — SD 0.02 0.01 — — — 3 5 25... . Engineering Optimisation 39(4): 471–494. Hoult NA and Lees JM (2009a) Efficient CFRP strap configurations for the shear strengthening of reinforced concrete T-beams. ASCE Journal of Composites for Construction 13(1): 45–52. Hoult NA and Lees JM (2009b...

  9. Democratic People's Republic of Korea Initiative Export Control Issues for the Proposed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    PNNL-13425 Democratic People's Republic of Korea Initiative Export Control Issues for the Proposed.S. government export control regulations and any licensing application will need to be determined before initial

  10. Policy Paper 46: Fuel and Famine: Rural Energy Crisis in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, James H.; von Hippel, David; Hayes, Peter

    2000-01-01

    and Famine: Rural Energy Crisis in the Democratic People’sof the DPRK’s rural energy crisis, and ex- plores theas follows: The DPRK’s energy crisis. The disastrous decline

  11. Violating the Bell-Leggett-Garg inequality with weak measurement of an entangled state

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martinis, John M.

    , and can violate the inequality4 . To test such an inequality using two superconducting qubits, we replace

  12. Violation of the Cauchy-Schwarz Inequality with Matter Waves K. V. Kheruntsyan,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Queensland, University of

    ) inequality--one of the most widely used and important inequalities in mathematics--can be formulated

  13. Convolution inequalities for the Boltzmann collision operator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ricardo J. Alonso; Emanuel Carneiro; Irene M. Gamba

    2010-03-28

    We study integrability properties of a general version of the Boltzmann collision operator for hard and soft potentials in $n$-dimensions. A reformulation of the collisional integrals allows us to write the weak form of the collision operator as a weighted convolution, where the weight is given by an operator invariant under rotations. Using a symmetrization technique in $L^p$ we prove a Young's inequality for hard potentials, which is sharp for Maxwell molecules in the $L^2$ case. Further, we find a new Hardy-Littlewood-Sobolev type of inequality for Boltzmann collision integrals with soft potentials. The same method extends to radially symmetric, non-increasing potentials that lie in some $L^{s}_{weak}$ or $L^{s}$. The method we use resembles a Brascamp, Lieb and Luttinger approach for multilinear weighted convolution inequalities and follows a weak formulation setting. Consequently, it is closely connected to the classical analysis of Young and Hardy-Littlewood-Sobolev inequalities. In all cases, the inequality constants are explicitly given by formulas depending on integrability conditions of the angular cross section (in the spirit of Grad cut-off). As an additional application of the technique we also obtain estimates with exponential weights for hard potentials in both conservative and dissipative interactions.

  14. Hardy–Sobolev Type Inequalities with Sharp Constants in Carnot ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-06-22

    We also obtain a sharp inequality of Hardy–Sobolev type. Keywords Hardy ... an inequality of Hardy type such as Eq. 1.1 be valid in the setting of Carnot groups.

  15. On Energy Inequalities Vesna Peri~si'c

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Conrad, Marc

    "ucken Germany perisic@math.uni-sb.de #12; Energy Inequalities On Energy Inequalities Vesna Peri~si'c Fachbereich Mathematik Universit"at des Saarlandes Postfach 15 11 50 D-66041 Saarbr"ucken Germany

  16. GEOMETRIC NUMERICAL INTEGRATION OF INEQUALITY CONSTRAINED, NONSMOOTH HAMILTONIAN SYSTEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    and obtain an associated framework for composing ge- ometric numerical integration methods for inequality-equality­constrained geometric integration setting, we target long-term structure preservation. In the inequality-constrained

  17. Strengthening Mechanisms of Sputtered Copper, Cobalt and Their Nanocomposites 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Yue

    2014-04-28

    Low energy planar defects such as twin boundaries have been employed to strengthen materials effectively with insignificant loss of the conductivity and ductility. High density growth twins can be formed in low stacking ...

  18. Strengthening Sustainable Manufacturing in The White House, Environmental Protection Agency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    manufacturing. Topics of discussion will include sustainable manufacturing, lean manufacturing, workforce issuesStrengthening Sustainable Manufacturing in Indiana The White House, Environmental Protection Agency to participate in an event with Matt Bogoshian, to discuss Sustainable Manufacturing, which was featured

  19. The Performance of Fibre Reinforced Polymer Strengthening in the Fire 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stratford, Tim J; Gillie, Martin; Chen, J

    2007-11-14

    Bonded fibre-reinforced-polymer (FRP) strengthening is an increasingly popular refurbishment method. This involves gluing an advanced fibre composite on to the existing structure to increase its sectional capacity. One ...

  20. Strengthening of metallic alloys with nanometer-size oxide dispersions

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Flinn, J.E.; Kelly, T.F.

    1999-06-01

    Austenitic stainless steels and nickel-base alloys containing, by wt. %, 0.1 to 3.0% V, 0.01 to 0.08% C, 0.01 to 0.5% N, 0.05% max. each of Al and Ti, and 0.005 to 0.10% O, are strengthened and ductility retained by atomization of a metal melt under cover of an inert gas with added oxygen to form approximately 8 nanometer-size hollow oxides within the alloy grains and, when the alloy is aged, strengthened by precipitation of carbides and nitrides nucleated by the hollow oxides. Added strengthening is achieved by nitrogen solid solution strengthening and by the effect of solid oxides precipitated along and pinning grain boundaries to provide temperature-stabilization and refinement of the alloy grains. 20 figs.

  1. Strengthening of metallic alloys with nanometer-size oxide dispersions

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Flinn, John E. (Idaho Falls, ID); Kelly, Thomas F. (Madison, WI)

    1999-01-01

    Austenitic stainless steels and nickel-base alloys containing, by wt. %, 0.1 to 3.0% V, 0.01 to 0.08% C, 0.01 to 0.5% N, 0.05% max. each of Al and Ti, and 0.005 to 0.10% O, are strengthened and ductility retained by atomization of a metal melt under cover of an inert gas with added oxygen to form approximately 8 nanometer-size hollow oxides within the alloy grains and, when the alloy is aged, strengthened by precipitation of carbides and nitrides nucleated by the hollow oxides. Added strengthening is achieved by nitrogen solid solution strengthening and by the effect of solid oxides precipitated along and pinning grain boundaries to provide temperature-stabilization and refinement of the alloy grains.

  2. Income Inequality and Mortality: The Costa RIcan Case

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Modrek, Sepideh

    2009-01-01

    44-49). San Francisco Kuznets, S. (1955). Economic Growthin income inequality (Kuznets, 1955), but benefits from this

  3. An Epiperimetric Inequality Approach to the Thin and Fractional ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arshak Petrosyan(joint with Nicola Garofalo, Camelia Pop, and Mariana Smit Vega Garcia)

    2015-07-28

    Jun 15, 2015 ... An Epiperimetric Inequality. Approach to the Thin and. Fractional Obstacle Problems. Geometric Analysis. Free Boundary Problems. & Measure ...

  4. Bayesian Optimization with Inequality Constraints Jacob R. Gardner1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    - eter tuning and experimental design. How- ever, this framework has not been extended to the inequality-constrained

  5. Operator space approach to steering inequality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michal Horodecki; Marcin Marciniak; Zhi Yin

    2015-03-12

    In \\cite{JP2011,JPPVW2010} the operator space theory was applied to study bipartite Bell inequalities. The aim of the paper is to follow this line of research and use the operator space technique to analyze the steering scenario. We obtain a bipartite steering functional with unbounded largest violation of steering inequality, as well as we can construct all ingredients explicitly. It turns out that the unbounded largest violation is obtained by non maximally entangled state. Moreover, we focus on the bipartite dichotomic case where we construct a steering functional with unbounded largest violation of steering inequality. This phenomenon is different to the Bell scenario where only bounded largest violation can be obtained by any bipartite dichotomic Bell functional.

  6. An information-theoretic proof of Nash's inequality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giuseppe Toscani

    2012-07-12

    We show that an information-theoretic property of Shannon's entropy power, known as concavity of entropy power, can be fruitfully employed to prove inequalities in sharp form. In particular, the concavity of entropy power implies the logarithmic Sobolev inequality, and Nash's inequality with the sharp constant.

  7. Characterization of four-qubit states via Bell inequalities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hui Zhao; Xing-Hua Zhang; Shao-Ming Fei; Zhi-Xi Wang

    2013-07-25

    A set of Bell inequalities classifying the quantum entanglement of four-qubit states is presented. These inequalities involve only two measurement settings per observer and can characterize fully separable, bi-separable and tri-separable quantum states. In addition, a quadratic inequality of the Bell operators for four-qubit systems is derived.

  8. TRANSPORT INEQUALITIES. A SURVEY NATHAEL GOZLAN, CHRISTIAN LEONARD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Léonard, Christian

    TRANSPORT INEQUALITIES. A SURVEY NATHAEL GOZLAN, CHRISTIAN L´EONARD Abstract. This is a survey of recent developments in the area of transport inequalities. We investigate their consequences in terms. Transport inequalities relate a cost T (, µ) of transporting a generic probability measure P(X) onto

  9. A Matrix Convexity Approach to Some Celebrated Quantum Inequalities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edward G. Effros

    2008-02-10

    Some of the important inequalities associated with quantum entropy are immediate algebraic consequences of the Hansen-Pedersen-Jensen inequality. A general argument is given using matrix perspectives of operator convex functions. A matrix analogue of Mar\\'{e}chal's extended perspectives provides additional inequalities, including a $p+q\\leq 1$ result of Lieb.

  10. Poverty and Inequality Research Cluster Global Development and Happiness

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sussex, University of

    Poverty and Inequality Research Cluster Global Development and Happiness: How can Data Volume 2013 No 432 #12;2 The Poverty and Inequality research cluster, part of the Vulnerability and Poverty Reduction team at IDS, produces research on poverty, inequality and wellbeing. Our research

  11. The equivalence of Bell's inequality and the Nash inequality in a quantum game-theoretic setting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Azhar Iqbal; James M. Chappell; Derek Abbott

    2015-08-04

    Are there two-player games in which a strategy pair can exist as a Nash equilibrium only when the game is played quantum mechanically? To find an answer to this question, we study two-player games that are played in generalized Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen setting. Considering particular strategy pairs, we identify sets of games for which the pair can exist as a Nash equilibrium when Bell's inequality is violated. We thus identify games and players' strategies for which the Nash inequality becomes equivalent to Bell's inequality. As the violation of Bell's inequality is regarded as being quantum in nature, this paper thus addresses the earliest criticisms of quantum games that questioned if they were truly quantum.

  12. NBER WORKING PAPER SERIES MEASURING ANCIENT INEQUALITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hickman, Mark

    -industrial income gaps between rich and poor. Simon Kuznets was very skeptical of attempts to compare income concepts, and different parts of the national economy. To underline his doubts, Kuznets once asked data?" Economists with interest in inequality are indebted to Kuznets for his sage warning.1 We are eve

  13. Equilibria, Supernetworks, and Evolutionary Variational Inequalities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagurney, Anna

    -Verlag, Heidelberg, Germany. #12;The Supply Chain Network Equilibrium Model with Fixed Demands Commodities with price Electric Power Supply Chains and Transportation Networks: An Evolutionary Variational Inequality The static multitiered network equilibrium models ­ Supply chain networks with fixed demand ­ Electric power

  14. INCOME INEQUALITY IN FORMER CENTRALLY PLANNED ECONOMIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bateman, Ian J.

    transforms into a successful market economy, increased income inequalities may be desirable' (Doyle, 1996, p and the opportunities for non-agricultural income from the market liberalisation process would seem to be important adjustment to market in transition economies. As Doyle (1996) has stated for example: `to ensure that Russia

  15. Basic Services, Low-Income Settlements and the Local State: How Collectively-Organized Initiatives Redress Inequalities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pierce, Gregory Scott

    2015-01-01

    Addressing poverty and inequality; new forms of urbanto address basic service inequalities (Government of India,Initiatives Redress Inequalities A dissertation submitted in

  16. The Haves, the Have-Nots, and the Health of Everyone: The Relationship Between Social Inequality and Environmental Quality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cushing, Lara; Morello-Frosch, Rachel; Wander, Madeline; Pastor, Manuel

    2015-01-01

    Divided We Stand: Why Inequality Keeps Rising. Paris: OECD (States: Tackling High Inequalities and Creating Opportu-Y. 2005. Emulation, inequality, and work hours: was Thorsten

  17. Oxide-dispersion strengthening of porous powder metalurgy parts

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Judkins, Roddie R. (Knoxville, TN)

    2002-01-01

    Oxide dispersion strengthening of porous metal articles includes the incorporation of dispersoids of metallic oxides in elemental metal powder particles. Porous metal articles, such as filters, are fabricated using conventional techniques (extrusion, casting, isostatic pressing, etc.) of forming followed by sintering and heat treatments that induce recrystallization and grain growth within powder grains and across the sintered grain contact points. The result is so-called "oxide dispersion strengthening" which imparts, especially, large increases in creep (deformation under constant load) strength to the metal articles.

  18. Was the French Patent System democratic ? France, XIX th Gabriel Galvez-Behar Universit Lille Nord de France

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Was the French Patent System democratic ? France, XIX th century Gabriel Galvez-Behar ­ Université patent system and economic performance has been explored by economists and historians. In her book on a « democratization of invention », which was allowed by its own patent system. Contrary to the American one

  19. Test of Genuine Multipartite Nonlocality Without Inequality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qing Chen; Sixia Yu; Chengjie Zhang; C. H. Lai; C. H. Oh

    2013-05-20

    In this letter we propose a set of conditions on the joint probabilities as a test of genuine multipartite nonlocality without inequality. Our test is failed by all non-signaling local models in which even nonlocal correlations among some observables (not all) are allowed as long as these correlations respect the non-signaling principle. A pass of our test by a state therefore indicates that this state cannot be simulated by any non-signaling local models, i.e., the state exhibits genuine multipartite nonlocality. It turns out that all entangled symmetric n-qubit ($n \\geq 3$) states pass our test and therefore are n-way nonlocal. Also we construct two Bell-type inequalities from our proposed test whose violations indicate genuine multipartite nonlocal correlations.

  20. Sandwiched Rényi divergence satisfies data processing inequality

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Beigi, Salman [School of Mathematics, Institute for Research in Fundamental Sciences (IPM), P.O. Box 19395-5746, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)] [School of Mathematics, Institute for Research in Fundamental Sciences (IPM), P.O. Box 19395-5746, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2013-12-15

    Sandwiched (quantum) ?-Rényi divergence has been recently defined in the independent works of Wilde et al. [“Strong converse for the classical capacity of entanglement-breaking channels,” preprint http://arxiv.org/abs/arXiv:1306.1586 (2013)] and Müller-Lennert et al. [“On quantum Rényi entropies: a new definition, some properties and several conjectures,” preprint http://arxiv.org/abs/arXiv:1306.3142v1 (2013)]. This new quantum divergence has already found applications in quantum information theory. Here we further investigate properties of this new quantum divergence. In particular, we show that sandwiched ?-Rényi divergence satisfies the data processing inequality for all values of ? > 1. Moreover we prove that ?-Holevo information, a variant of Holevo information defined in terms of sandwiched ?-Rényi divergence, is super-additive. Our results are based on Hölder's inequality, the Riesz-Thorin theorem and ideas from the theory of complex interpolation. We also employ Sion's minimax theorem.

  1. Entropy-energy inequalities for qudit states

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Armando Figueroa; Julio López; Octavio Castaños; Ramón López-Peña; Margarita A. Man'ko; Vladimir I. Man'ko

    2014-12-08

    We establish a procedure to find the extremal density matrices for any finite Hamiltonian of a qudit system. These extremal density matrices provide an approximate description of the energy spectra of the Hamiltonian. In the case of restricting the extremal density matrices by pure states, we show that the energy spectra of the Hamiltonian is recovered for $d=2$ and $3$. We conjecture that by means of this approach the energy spectra can be recovered for the Hamiltonian of an arbitrary finite qudit system. For a given qudit system Hamiltonian, we find new inequalities connecting the mean value of the Hamiltonian and the entropy of an arbitrary state. We demonstrate that these inequalities take place for both the considered extremal density matrices and generic ones.

  2. Bayesian Nash Equilibria and Bell Inequalities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taksu Cheon; Azhar Iqbal

    2007-11-22

    Games with incomplete information are formulated in a multi-sector probability matrix formalism that can cope with quantum as well as classical strategies. An analysis of classical and quantum strategy in a multi-sector extension of the game of Battle of Sexes clarifies the two distinct roles of nonlocal strategies, and establish the direct link between the true quantum gain of game's payoff and the breaking of Bell inequalities.

  3. 1 STANDARD AND REGULATION FOR SEISMIC STRENGTHENING AND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spencer Jr., Billie F.

    Evaluation Standard for Water Transport and Hydraulic Engineering, ministerial code Regulation of Seismic jacket and band, the R.C. shear wall, the vacuum-high pressure grouting, and the energy dissipation-event Retrofitting (1) Vacuum-high pressure grouting technology (2)`tree-root piles' for strengthening of base

  4. LIVE: Meeting on Strengthening Deepwater Blowout Containment Capabilities

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Secretary Chu and Secretary of the Interior Ken Salazar convened with top U.S. government scientists and key industry and stakeholder leaders to discuss how to strengthen capabilities for responding to potential blowouts of oil and gas wells on the Outer Continental Shelf.

  5. RESEARCH ARTICLE Strengthening of 3D Printed Fused

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haller, Gary L.

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Strengthening of 3D Printed Fused Deposition Manufactured Parts Using the Fill as examples of 3D printed parts used in real-world applications. Introduction While the quality of additive to the wider-spread implementation of 3D- printed components continues to be the limited strength of printed

  6. The entropy power inequality for quantum systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robert Koenig; Graeme Smith

    2014-02-20

    When two independent analog signals, X and Y are added together giving Z=X+Y, the entropy of Z, H(Z), is not a simple function of the entropies H(X) and H(Y), but rather depends on the details of X and Y's distributions. Nevertheless, the entropy power inequality (EPI), which states that exp [2H(Z)] \\geq exp[2H(X)] + exp[2H(Y)], gives a very tight restriction on the entropy of Z. This inequality has found many applications in information theory and statistics. The quantum analogue of adding two random variables is the combination of two independent bosonic modes at a beam splitter. The purpose of this work is to give a detailed outline of the proof of two separate generalizations of the entropy power inequality to the quantum regime. Our proofs are similar in spirit to standard classical proofs of the EPI, but some new quantities and ideas are needed in the quantum setting. Specifically, we find a new quantum de Bruijin identity relating entropy production under diffusion to a divergence-based quantum Fisher information. Furthermore, this Fisher information exhibits certain convexity properties in the context of beam splitters.

  7. Testing Bell inequalities with weak measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shmuel Marcovitch; Benni Reznik

    2011-01-18

    Quantum theory is inconsistent with any local hidden variable model as was first shown by Bell. To test Bell inequalities two separated observers extract correlations from a common ensemble of identical systems. Since quantum theory does not allow simultaneous measurements of noncommuting observables, on each system every party measures a single randomly chosen observable out of a given set. Here we suggest a different approach for testing Bell inequalities that is experimentally realizable by current methods. We show that Bell inequalities can be maximally violated even when all observables are measured on each member of the ensemble. This is possible by using weak measurements that produce small disturbance, at the expense of accuracy. However, our approach does not constitute an independent test of quantum nonlocality since the local hidden variables may correlate the noise of the measurement instruments. Nevertheless, by adding a randomly chosen precise measurement at the end of every cycle of weak measurements, the parties can verify that the hidden variables were not interfering with the noise, and thus validate the suggested test.

  8. The Relationship Between Unemployment and Earnings Inequality in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tregenna, Fiona

    1 THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN UNEMPLOMENT AND EARNINGS INEQUALITY IN SOUTH AFRICA FIONA TREGENNA Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge ABSTRACT Unemployment and earnings inequality have moved closely together in South Africa... in recent years, suggesting that there may not be a trade-off between them as the literature generally suggests. This article explores the relationship between unemployment and earnings inequality in South Africa, specifically investigating the extent...

  9. Computing Rational Solutions of Linear Matrix Inequalities Qingdong Guo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Safey El Din, Mohab

    Computing Rational Solutions of Linear Matrix Inequalities Qingdong Guo Key Laboratory Institut Universitaire de France Mohab.Safey@lip6.fr Lihong Zhi Key Laboratory of Mathematics Mechanization

  10. Higher-Dimensional Bell Inequalities with Noisy Qudits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elena Polozova; Frederick W. Strauch

    2015-08-28

    Generalizations of the classic Bell inequality to higher dimensional quantum systems known as qudits are reputed to exhibit a higher degree of robustness to noise, but such claims are based on one particular noise model. We analyze the violation of the Collins-Gisin-Linden-Massar-Popescu inequality subject to more realistic noise sources and their scaling with dimension. This analysis is inspired by potential Bell inequality experiments with superconducting resonator-based qudits. We find that the robustness of the inequality to noise generally decreases with increasing qudit dimension.

  11. Poincaré inequality, the uniqueness of the solutions for the heat ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bumsik Kim

    2013-04-22

    Apr 13, 2013 ... Classic Heat equation in R n. KNOWN : Positive solution u is uniquely determined by the initial condition : Why? (Harnack's inequality) : ? ? Rn ...

  12. Multiplicities of Pfaffian Intersections, and the Lojasiewicz Inequality ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1910-00-40

    and the exponents in the Lojasiewicz inequalities for Pfaffian functions. For the intersections defined by sparse polynomials, the multiplicities outside the.

  13. an epiperimetric inequality approach to the regularity of the free ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-26

    An epiperimetric inequality for the Signorini problem. 18. 7. C1,? regularity of the regular part of the free boundary. 28. References. 39. 1. Introduction. 1.1.

  14. An inequality for potentials and the “hot–spots” conjecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2003-06-04

    inequality, by the conformal invariance of Brownian motion, implies a result of Pascu [13] on “hot–spots” for certain symmetric convex domains. ?Supported in ...

  15. An embedding theorem and the Harnack inequality for nonlinear ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-11-09

    Nov 9, 2007 ... An embedding theorem and the harnack inequality for nonlinear subelliptic equations. Luca Capogna a; Donatella Danielli a; Nicola Garofalo a.

  16. THE LEX-PLUS-POWER INEQUALITY FOR LOCAL COHOMOLOGY ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-03-11

    We prove an inequality between Hilbert functions of local cohomology modules supported in the homogeneous maximal ideal of standard graded algebras over

  17. Isoperimetric Inequalities Related to Mass and Energy in General ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-05-17

    THE 3RD SYMPOSIUM ON ANALYSIS AND PDES. PURDUE UNIVERSITY, MAY 27–30, 2007. ISOPERIMETRIC INEQUALITIES RELATED TO MASS AND.

  18. An Elementary Extension of Korn's First Inequality to H(Curl) motivated by Gradient Plasticity with Plastic Spin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patrizio Neff; Dirk Pauly; Karl-Josef Witsch

    2011-06-30

    We prove a Korn-type inequality for tensor fields without gradient structure, which generalizes Korn's first inequality.

  19. Education's 'Perfect Storm?' Racial Resegregation, "High Stakes" Testing, & School Inequities: The Case of North Carolina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boger, John Charles

    2002-01-01

    INEQUITIES: THE CASE OF NORTH CAROLINA John Charles BogerIn Chapel Hill, North Carolina on The Resegregation ofINEQUITIES: THE CASE OF NORTH CAROLINA Introduction I.

  20. A proof of the (strengthened) Liar formula in a semantical extension of Peano Arithmetic 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ketland, Jeffrey

    2000-01-01

    In the Tarskian theory of truth, the strengthened liar sentence is a theorem. More generally, any formalized truth theory which proves the full, self-applicative scheme True(“f”) f will prove the strengthened liar ...

  1. Shaking Table Tests on Deficient RC Frames Strengthened with FRPs and Pos-Tensioned

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shaking Table Tests on Deficient RC Frames Strengthened with FRPs and Pos-Tensioned Metal Straps Dr Strengthened with FRPs and Pos-Tensioned Metal Straps Dr Iman Hajirasouliha Lecturer, Department of Civil

  2. On Lyapunov Inequalities and Subsolutions for Efficient Importance Sampling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leder, Kevin Z.

    On Lyapunov Inequalities and Subsolutions for Efficient Importance Sampling By Jose Blanchet, Kevin Abstract In this paper we explain some connections between Lyapunov meth- ods and subsolutions of an associated Lyapunov inequality, have been re- cently proposed (see e.g. [12, 14]) and have been succesfully

  3. On Lyapunov Inequalities and Subsolutions for Efficient Importance Sampling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blanchet, Jose H.

    On Lyapunov Inequalities and Subsolutions for Efficient Importance Sampling By Jose Blanchet, Peter Abstract In this paper we explain some connections between Lyapunov methods and subso- lutions, subsolutions can be derived by taking an appropriate limit of an associated Lyapunov inequality. They have been

  4. Concentration-of-measure inequalities Lecture notes by Gbor Lugosi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beal, Matt J.

    's inequalityX for ny nonnegtive rndom vrile XD nd t > 0D P{X ! t} EX t . sf follows from wrkov9s inequlity tht} = P{(X) ! (t)} E(X) (t) . en pplition of this with (x) = x2 is Chebyshev's inequalityX if X is n

  5. Cryogenic properties of dispersion strengthened copper for high magnetic fields

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Toplosky, V. J.; Han, K.; Walsh, R. P. [National High Magnetic Field Laboratory, Tallahassee, FL 32310 (United States); Swenson, C. A. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States)

    2014-01-27

    Cold deformed copper matrix composite conductors, developed for use in the 100 tesla multi-shot pulsed magnet at the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory (NHMFL), have been characterized. The conductors are alumina strengthened copper which is fabricated by cold drawing that introduces high dislocation densities and high internal stresses. Both alumina particles and high density of dislocations provide us with high tensile strength and fatigue endurance. The conductors also have high electrical conductivities because alumina has limited solubility in Cu and dislocations have little scattering effect on conduction electrons. Such a combination of high strength and high conductivity makes it an excellent candidate over other resistive magnet materials. Thus, characterization is carried out by tensile testing and fully reversible fatigue testing. In tensile tests, the material exceeds the design criteria parameters. In the fatigue tests, both the load and displacement were measured and used to control the amplitude of the tests to simulate the various loading conditions in the pulsed magnet which is operated at 77 K in a non-destructive mode. In order to properly simulate the pulsed magnet operation, strain-controlled tests were more suitable than load controlled tests. For the dispersion strengthened coppers, the strengthening mechanism of the aluminum oxide provided better tensile and fatigue properties over convention copper.

  6. Carbon finance, tropical forests and the state : governing international climate risk in the Democratic Republic of Congo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gray, Ian P

    2012-01-01

    This thesis examines how evolving norms of international climate change mitigation are translated into national forest governance policies and land management techniques in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). The ...

  7. Dynamics, space, and regional inequality in provincial China: A case study of Guangdong province

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wei, Yehua Dennis

    that the policies toward inequality-reducing in Guangdong have been constrained by the geographical barriers

  8. Human Ecology, Vol. 32, No. 3, June 2004 ( C 2004) Do Markets Worsen Economic Inequalities?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gurven, Michael

    Human Ecology, Vol. 32, No. 3, June 2004 ( C 2004) Do Markets Worsen Economic Inequalities? Kuznets,forexample,increasingincomeinequal- ities. The Kuznets hypothesis predicts that the link between income inequality and income (a proxy: economic inequality; Kuznets; Tsimane'; Bolivia; markets; globalization. INTRODUCTION Economic inequalities

  9. THE EMERGENCE OF INEQUALITY IN SMALL-SCALE SOCIETIES: SIMPLE SCENARIOS AND AGENT-BASED SIMULATIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Eric Alden

    institutionalized political and economic inequality--for most of our species' history. Non-egalitarian societies

  10. Strengthening Line Management Oversight and Federal Monitoring of Nuclear Facilities

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann Jackson About Us Shirley Ann Jackson,Delivery and14 Strengthening Line Management

  11. Process for strengthening aluminum based ceramics and material

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Moorhead, Arthur J. (Knoxville, TN); Kim, Hyoun-Ee (Seoul, KR)

    2000-01-01

    A process for strengthening aluminum based ceramics is provided. A gaseous atmosphere consisting essentially of silicon monoxide gas is formed by exposing a source of silicon to an atmosphere consisting essentially of hydrogen and a sufficient amount of water vapor. The aluminum based ceramic is exposed to the gaseous silicon monoxide atmosphere for a period of time and at a temperature sufficient to produce a continuous, stable silicon-containing film on the surface of the aluminum based ceramic that increases the strength of the ceramic.

  12. Bell inequalities violated using detectors of low efficiency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karoly F. Pal; Tamas Vertesi

    2015-08-06

    We define a family of binary outcome $n$-party $m\\leq n$ settings per party Bell inequalities whose members require the least detection efficiency for their violation among all known inequalities of the same type. This gives upper bounds for the minimum value of the critical efficiency --- below which no violation is possible --- achievable for such inequalities. For $m=2$, our family reduces to the one given by Larsson and Semitecolos in 2001. For $m>2$, a gap remains between these bounds and the best lower bounds. The violating state near the threshold efficiency always approaches a product state of $n$ qubits.

  13. AN ALGEBRAIC PROOF OF ZAK'S INEQUALITY FOR THE ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    AN ALGEBRAIC PROOF OF ZAK'S INEQUALITY. FOR THE DIMENSION OF THE GAUSS IMAGE. ARon SImIs*, KAREn E. SmIth**, AnD BERnD UlRIch***. 1 .

  14. Essays on variational inequalities and competitive supply chain models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zaretsky, M. (Marina)

    2004-01-01

    In the first part of the thesis we combine ideas from cutting plane and interior point methods to solve variational inequality problems efficiently. In particular, we introduce "smarter" cuts into two general methods for ...

  15. Transportation cost inequalities for diffusions under uniform distance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ali Suleyman Ustunel

    2010-11-04

    We prove the transportation inequality with the uniform norm for the laws of diffusion processes with Lipschitz and/or dissipative coefficients and apply them to some singular stochastic differential equations of interest.

  16. ON WEIGHTED INEQUALITIES FOR FRACTIONAL INTEGRALS OF RADIAL FUNCTIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De Nápoli, Pablo Luis

    for this operator (also called weighted Hardy-Little- wood-Sobolev inequalities) go back to G. H. Hardy and J. E for the fractional integral with general weights were later stud- ied by several people, see for example [8

  17. On the Convergence of Classical Variational Inequality Algorithms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Magnanti, Thomas L.

    In this paper, we establish global convergence results for projection and relaxation algorithms for solving variational inequality problems, and for the Frank-Wolfe algorithm for solving convex optimization problems defined ...

  18. AN ALGEBRAIC PROOF OF ZAK'S INEQUALITY FOR THE ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    inequality for the a-invariant a(R) of R as defined in terms of the local cohomology module ???(R) with support in the homogeneous maximal ideal m of R. This.

  19. A Markov-type inequality for arbitrary plane continua

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1910-51-20

    Dec 8, 2005 ... for all polynomials f. We prove a precise version of this inequality with an arbitrary continuum in the complex plane instead of the interval. [?1,1].

  20. Outline for Linear Equations and Inequalities of 2 variables

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    charlotb

    2010-04-15

    Outline for Linear Equations and Inequalities of 2 variables. A. 1. Substitute any value for x in the equation and solve for y. This results in a point (x, y). OR.

  1. Outsourcing and wage inequality in the home country 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hsu, Kuang-Chung

    2009-05-15

    This dissertation consists of three essays, which mainly talk about the wage inequality caused by outsourcing in the source countries like the US. The title of the first essay is “Does Outsourcing Always Benefit Skilled ...

  2. International Event on Wellbeing, Inequality and Poverty in Europe (WIPE)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilardi, Gianni

    International Event on Wellbeing, Inequality and Poverty in Europe (WIPE) November, 2628, 2015: a European policy proposal 11.15 ­ 12.30 Presentation of the proposals about a policy for Europe

  3. What Drives the Public Mood of Income Inequality 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Myers, Rebekah M

    2014-08-13

    on Income Inequality Move Opinion? . . . 5 1.3.1 Presidential Agenda Setting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 1.3.2 Can the President Move Opinion? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 1.3.3 Strategic Presidential Rhetoric... Inequality Move Opinion? 1.3.1 Presidential Agenda Setting The president is elected with expectations that he will implement the policies he advocated for in his platform during his campaign. These issues have been strate- gically predetermined...

  4. Quantum Fourier transform and tomographic Renyi entropic inequalities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. A. Man'ko; V. I. Man'ko

    2009-02-25

    Renyi entropy associated with spin tomograms of quantum states is shown to obey to new inequalities containing the dependence on quantum Fourier transform. The limiting inequality for the von Neumann entropy of spin quantum states and a new kind of entropy associated with quantum Fourier transform are obtained. Possible connections with subadditivity and strong subadditivity conditions for tomographic entropies and von Neumann entropies are discussed.

  5. The multi-mode quantum Entropy Power Inequality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giacomo De Palma; Andrea Mari; Seth Lloyd; Vittorio Giovannetti

    2015-03-27

    The quantum version of a fundamental entropic data-processing inequality is presented. It establishes a lower bound for the entropy that can be generated in the output channels of a scattering process, which involves a collection of independent input bosonic modes (e.g., the modes of the electromagnetic field). The impact of this inequality in quantum information theory is potentially large and some relevant implications are considered in this work.

  6. The Gendered Shackles of the Would-Be "Madame President": A Rhetorical Analysis of Hillary Clinton's Campaign Communication during the 2008 Democratic Presidential Primary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schnoebelen, James M.

    2010-08-31

    This study analyzes Hillary Rodham Clinton's key speeches and debate performances during the 2008 Democrat presidential primary. Specifically, a rhetorical criticism of Clinton's discourse, utilizing Bitzer's "rhetorical ...

  7. Democratic neutrino mass matrix from generalized Fridberg-Lee model with the perturbative solar mass splitting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    N. Razzaghi

    2015-05-17

    We propose a phenomenological model of the Dirac neutrino mass matrix based on the Fridberg-Lee neutrino mass model at a special point. In this case, the Fridberg-Lee model reduces to the Democratic mass matrix with the $S_3$ permutation family symmetry. The Democratic mass matrix has an experimentally unfavored degenerate mass spectrum on the base of tribimaximal mixing matrix. We rescue the model to find a nondegenerate mass spectrum by adding the breaking mass term as preserving the twisted Fridberg-Lee symmetry. The tribimaximal mixing matrix can be also realized. Exact tribimaximal mixing leads to $\\theta_{13}=0$. However, the results from Daya Bay and RENO experiments have established a nonzero value for $\\theta_{13}$. Keeping the leading behavior of $U$ as tribimaximal, we use Broken Democratic neutrino mass model. We characterize a perturbation mass matrix which is responsible for a nonzero $\\theta_{13}$ along with CP violation, besides the solar neutrino mass splitting has been resulted from it. We consider this work in two stages: In the first stage, we obtain the perturbation mass matrix with real components which breaks softly the $\\mu-\\tau$ symmetry and this leads to a nonzero value for $\\theta_{13}$. In the second stage, we extend the perturbation mass matrix to a complex symmetric matrix which leads to CP violation. Therefore obtain a realistic neutrino mixing matrix with $\\theta_{23}=45^\\circ$. We obtain the solar mass splitting, the ordering of the neutrino masses is inverted. Using only two sets of the experimental data, we can fix all of the parameters of mass matrix and predict the masses of neutrinos and phases. These predictions include the following: $m_{1}\\approx(4.82-4.93)10^{-2}eV $, $|m_2|\\approx(4.90-5.01)10^{-2} eV$, $m_3\\approx0$ and, $\\phi\\approx(0.687^\\circ-10.31^\\circ)$ as the origin of the Majorana phases.

  8. Glass Strengthening via High-Intensity Plasma-Arc Heating

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wereszczak, Andrew A; Harper, David C; Duty, Chad E; Patel, P

    2010-01-01

    The use of a high-intensity plasma-arc lamp was used to irradiate the surface of soda-lime silicate glass tiles to determine if an increase in strength could be achieved. The lamp had a power density of 3500 W/cm2, a processing area of 1 cm x 10 cm, irradiated near-infrared heating at a wavelength between 0.2 1.4 m, and was controlled to unidirectionally sweep across 50-mm-square tiles at a constant speed of 8 mm/s. Ring-on-ring (RoR) equibiaxial flexure and 4 pt uni-directional flexure testings of entire tiles were used to measure and compare failure stress distributions of treated and untreated glass. Even with non-optimized processing conditions, RoR failure stress increased by approximately 25% and the 4 pt bend failure stress increased by approximately 65%. Strengthening was due to a fire-polishing-like mechanism. The arc-lamp heat-treatment caused the location of the strength-limiting flaws in the 4-pt-bend tiles to change; namely, failure initiation occurred on the gage section surface for the treated glass whereas it occurred at a gage section edge for the untreated. Arc-lamp heat-treatment is attractive not only because it provides strengthening, but because it can (non-contact) process large amounts of glass quickly and inexpensively, and is a process that either a glass manufacturer or end-user can readily employ.

  9. The Educational Expansion and Persistent Inequality: The Effects of Extra-curricular Activities on Educational and Labor Market Outcomes.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Choi, Yool

    2015-01-01

    Patterns and Class Inequality at Two-Year and Four-YearDifferentiation and work: inequality in degree attainment inShadow education and educational inequality in south Korea."

  10. The scaling of income inequality in cities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sarkar, Somwrita; Simpson, Roderick; Wasnik, Sachin

    2015-01-01

    Developing a scientific understanding of cities in a fast urbanizing world is essential for planning sustainable urban systems. Recently, it was shown that income and wealth creation follow increasing returns, scaling superlinearly with city size. We study scaling of per capita incomes for separate census defined income categories against population size for the whole of Australia. Across several urban area definitions, we find that lowest incomes grow just linearly or sublinearly ($\\beta = 0.94$ to $1.00$), whereas highest incomes grow superlinearly ($\\beta = 1.00$ to $1.21$), with total income just superlinear ($\\beta = 1.03$ to $1.05$). These findings support the earlier finding: the bigger the city, the richer the city. But, we also see an emergent metric of inequality: the larger the population size and densities of a city, higher incomes grow more quickly than lower, suggesting a disproportionate agglomeration of incomes in the highest income categories in big cities. Because there are many more people ...

  11. The Embedded Economy and National Income Inequality: A Cross-National Analysis of Production Globalization and Labor Market Institutions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roberts, Anthony J.

    2015-01-01

    Investment and Income Inequalit y: The Natural Experiment ofChristian Morrisson. 2002. "Inequality Among World Citizens:Institutions and Income Inequality." Economic Policy 56:

  12. FRPs for Strengthening and Rehabilitation: Durability Issues K.W. Neale1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Labossière, Pierre

    1 FRPs for Strengthening and Rehabilitation: Durability Issues K.W. Neale1 , P. Labossière2 and M) strengthening and rehabilitation technologies are addressed. A brief overview of some recent research activities accelerated tests, is emphasized. Introduction The needs for civil engineering infrastructure rehabilitation

  13. Inequalities of Hardy–Sobolev Type in Carnot–Carathéodory Spaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Donatel

    2010-11-04

    Abstract We consider various types of Hardy–Sobolev inequalities on a ... A celebrated inequality of S.L. Sobolev [49] states that for any 1

  14. An inequality for the trace of matrix products, using absolute values

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernhard Baumgartner

    2011-09-01

    The absolute value of matrices is used in order to give inequalities for the trace of products. An application gives a very short proof of the tracial matrix Hoelder inequality

  15. A taxonomy of descent algorithms for nonlinear programs and variational inequalities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patriksson, Michael

    A taxonomy of descent algorithms for nonlinear programs and variational inequalities Michael describes the problem and the choices of cost approximating mappings and merit functions. The taxonomy. Taxonomy, classification, nonlinear programs, variational inequalities, descent algo­ rithms, cost

  16. Labour's Record on Cash Transfers, Poverty, Inequality and the Lifecycle 1997 -2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banaji,. Murad

    Labour's Record on Cash Transfers, Poverty, Inequality and the Lifecycle 1997 - 2010 John Hills ...................................................................................................................20 6. Outcomes: Poverty rates on the distribution of wealth, poverty, income inequality and spatial difference. The full programme of analysis

  17. Oxide Dispersion Strengthened Iron Aluminide by CVD Coated Powders

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Asit Biswas Andrew J. Sherman

    2006-09-25

    This I &I Category2 program developed chemical vapor deposition (CVD) of iron, aluminum and aluminum oxide coated iron powders and the availability of high temperature oxidation, corrosion and erosion resistant coating for future power generation equipment and can be used for retrofitting existing fossil-fired power plant equipment. This coating will provide enhanced life and performance of Coal-Fired Boilers components such as fire side corrosion on the outer diameter (OD) of the water wall and superheater tubing as well as on the inner diameter (ID) and OD of larger diameter headers. The program also developed a manufacturing route for readily available thermal spray powders for iron aluminide coating and fabrication of net shape component by powder metallurgy route using this CVD coated powders. This coating can also be applid on jet engine compressor blade and housing, industrial heat treating furnace fixtures, magnetic electronic parts, heating element, piping and tubing for fossil energy application and automotive application, chemical processing equipment , heat exchanger, and structural member of aircraft. The program also resulted in developing a new fabrication route of thermal spray coating and oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) iron aluminide composites enabling more precise control over material microstructures.

  18. EIA and green procurement: Opportunities for strengthening their coordination

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Uttam, Kedar, E-mail: kedar@kth.se [Department of Land and Water Resources Engineering, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm (Sweden); Faith-Ell, Charlotta, E-mail: charlotta.faith-ell@WSPGroup.se [WSP Sweden (Sweden); Balfors, Berit, E-mail: balfors@kth.se [Department of Land and Water Resources Engineering, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm (Sweden)

    2012-02-15

    EIA plays an important role in enhancing the environmental performance of the construction sector. In recent years, the construction sector has been developing green procurement practices. Green procurement is a process that involves the incorporation of environmental requirements during the procurement of services and products. However, discussion on green procurement is rarely seen during the EIA phase. This paper addresses possible opportunities for improving the coordination between EIA and green procurement within the construction sector. The linking of EIA and green procurement has been postulated in the paper as an aid to strengthen the coordination between project planning and implementation. The paper is based on a literature review and is an outcome of an on-going research project concerning EIA and green procurement. This study indicated that it would be appropriate to introduce green procurement during the pre-decision phase of an EIA. In the present study, the opportunities for integrating green procurement at the stage of EIA are associated with the integration of project planning and EIA. Future research should investigate the mechanism through which the link can be established. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer This paper identifies opportunities to link EIA and green procurement. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Pre-decision phase of EIA could be appropriate for planning green procurement. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Future research should investigate the mechanism for establishing the link.

  19. Some Thoughts on the Adaptive Function of Inequity Aversion: An Alternative to Brosnans Social

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Santos, Laurie R.

    and explore how it may have given rise to inequality-averse behavior in social settings. We conclude

  20. The Modal Logic of Inequality Author(s): Maarten de Rijke

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Rijke, Maarten

    on the relation of inequality.The proposal to consider the D-operator is due to several people independently

  1. The Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen Argument and the Bell Inequalities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Szabo, Laszlo E

    2007-01-01

    In 1935 Einstein, Podolsky, and Rosen (EPR) published an important paper in which they claimed that the whole formalism of quantum mechanics together with what they called "Reality Criterion" imply that quantum mechanics cannot be complete. That is, there must exist some elements of reality that are not described by quantum mechanics. There must be, they concluded, a more complete description of physical reality behind quantum mechanics. There must be a state, a hidden variable, characterizing the state of affairs in the world in more details than the quantum mechanical state, something that also reflects the missing elements of reality. Under some further but quite plausible assumptions, this conclusion implies that in some spin-correlation experiments the measured quantum mechanical probabilities should satisfy particular inequalities (Bell-type inequalities). The paradox consists in the fact that quantum probabilities do not satisfy these inequalities. And this paradoxical fact has been confirmed by severa...

  2. Multipartite Bell-type Inequality by Generalizing Wigner's Argument

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dipankar Home; Debashis Saha; Siddhartha Das

    2014-12-05

    Wigner's argument inferring Bell-type inequality for the EPR-Bohm entangled state is generalized here for any N-partite state. This is based on assuming for the relevant dichotomic observables the existence of the overall joint probability distributions, satisfying the locality condition, that would yield the measurable marginal probabilities. For any N, such Generalized Wigner's Inequality (GWI) is violated by quantum mechanics for all pure entangled states. The e?cacy of GWI is probed, comparing with the Seevinck-Svetlichny multipartite Bell-type inequality, by calculating threshold visibilities for the quadripartite GHZ, Cluster andWstates that determine their respective robustness with respect to the quantum mechanical violation of GWI in the presence of white noise.

  3. A Bayesian method for linear, inequality-constrained adjustment and its application to GPS positioning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Santerre, Rock

    A Bayesian method for linear, inequality-constrained adjustment and its application to GPS 2005 Abstract. One of the typical approaches to linear, inequality-constrained adjustment (LICA be improved significantly and the new approach is feasible. Key words: Linear, inequality-constrained

  4. Experimental Test of Bell inequalities with Six-Qubit Graph States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wei-Bo Gao; Xing-Can Yao; Ping Xu; Otfried Gühne; Adán Cabello; Chao-Yang Lu; Tao Yang; Zeng-Bing Chen; Jian-Wei Pan

    2011-01-04

    We report on the experimental realization of two different Bell inequality tests based on six-qubit linear-type and Y-shape graph states. For each of these states, the Bell inequalities tested are optimal in the sense that they provide the maximum violation among all Bell inequalities with stabilizing observables and possess the maximum resistance to noise.

  5. Exponential inequalities for martingales and asymptotic properties of the free energy of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Exponential inequalities for martingales and asymptotic properties of the free energy of directed exponential concentration inequalities for the free energy of directed polymers in random environment, show in terms of free energies of some multiplicative cascades, which improves an inequality of Comets

  6. Economic Growth, Poverty and Inequality: Indian Experience of Reforms and Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krivobokova, Tatyana

    Economic Growth, Poverty and Inequality: Indian Experience of Reforms and Development Panchanan Das suggest that the faster economic growth causes higher incidence of poverty and inequality. Income inequality across regions is rising at an alarming rate due to higher economic growth during the reform

  7. Electronic copy available at: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2227002 Inequality and Innovativeness

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    become restricted ­ inequality of access lowers rates of innovation and the extent of that declineElectronic copy available at: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2227002 Inequality and Innovativeness Scott that analyze the relationship between inequality of access and rates of innovation as well as correlative data

  8. H Filtering with Inequality Constraints for Aircraft Turbofan Engine Health Estimation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simon, Dan

    , this paper shows how the inequality-constrained H filtering problem can be reduced to a standard quadratic programming problem; third, this paper shows how inequality-constrained H filtering can be applied inequality-constrained H filtering to estimate aircraft engine component efficiencies and flow capacities

  9. H Filtering with Inequality Constraints for Aircraft Turbofan Engine Health Estimation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simon, Dan

    shows how inequality-constrained H filtering can be applied to aircraft engine health estimation the inequality-constrained H filter can be reduced to a standard H filter combined with a quadratic programming health parameter estimation. This paper applies inequality-constrained H filtering to estimate aircraft

  10. Tsirelson's bound from a Generalised Data Processing Inequality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dahlsten, Oscar C O; Renner, Renato

    2011-01-01

    The strength of quantum correlations is bounded from above by Tsirelson's bound. We establish a connection between this bound and the fact that correlations between two systems cannot increase under local operations, a property known as the \\emph{data processing inequality}. More specifically, we consider arbitrary convex probabilistic theories. These can be equipped with an entropy measure that naturally generalizes the von Neumann entropy, as shown recently in [Short and Wehner]. We prove that if the data processing inequality holds with respect to this generalized entropy measure then the underlying theory necessarily respects Tsirelson's bound. We moreover generalise this statement to any entropy measure satisfying certain minimal requirements.

  11. The Leggett-Garg inequality in electron interferometers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clive Emary; Neill Lambert; Franco Nori

    2012-10-09

    We consider the violation of the Leggett-Garg inequality in electronic Mach-Zehnder inteferometers. This set-up has two distinct advantages over earlier quantum-transport proposals: firstly, the required correlation functions can be obtained without time-resolved measurements. Secondly, the geometry of an interferometer allows one to construct the correlation functions from ideal negative measurements, which addresses the non-invasiveness requirement of the Leggett-Garg inequality. We discuss two concrete realisations of these ideas: the first in quantum Hall edge-channels, the second in a double quantum dot interferometer.

  12. The development of design factors for heat-strengthened and tempered glass based on the glass failure prediction model 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oakes, Timothy Andrew

    1991-01-01

    - strengthened and tempered glass are then used for determining the design load after the annealed glass design load is calculated. The widely accepted design factors for heat-strengthened and tempered glass are 2. 0 and 4. 0 respectively. The traditional...-STRENGTHENED AND TEMPERED GLASS DESIGN FACTOR TABLES LOWEST FACTOR WITHIN ASPECT RATIO CHARTS . . . . . . . ~ . ~ . ~ 193 VITA 212 LIST OF FIGURES Page Figure 1 Typical stress profile of tempered and heat-strengthened glass Figure 2 Expected wind velocities on a 50...

  13. On an improvement of the Hardy-Hilbert type inequality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guang-Sheng Chen

    2011-05-15

    In this paper, by estimating the weight coefficient effectively, we establish an improvement of a Hardy-Hilbert type inequality proved by B.C. Yang, our main tool is Euler-Maclaurin expansion for the zeta function. As applications, some particular results are considered

  14. Averaged null energy condition and quantum inequalities in curved spacetime

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eleni-Alexandra Kontou

    2015-07-22

    The Averaged Null Energy Condition (ANEC) states that the integral along a complete null geodesic of the projection of the stress-energy tensor onto the tangent vector to the geodesic cannot be negative. ANEC can be used to rule out spacetimes with exotic phenomena, such as closed timelike curves, superluminal travel and wormholes. We prove that ANEC is obeyed by a minimally-coupled, free quantum scalar field on any achronal null geodesic (not two points can be connected with a timelike curve) surrounded by a tubular neighborhood whose curvature is produced by a classical source. To prove ANEC we use a null-projected quantum inequality, which provides constraints on how negative the weighted average of the renormalized stress-energy tensor of a quantum field can be. Starting with a general result of Fewster and Smith, we first derive a timelike projected quantum inequality for a minimally-coupled scalar field on flat spacetime with a background potential. Using that result we proceed to find the bound of a quantum inequality on a geodesic in a spacetime with small curvature, working to first order in the Ricci tensor and its derivatives. The last step is to derive a bound for the null-projected quantum inequality on a general timelike path. Finally we use that result to prove achronal ANEC in spacetimes with small curvature.

  15. Backward stochastic variational inequalities under weak assumptions on the data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maticiuc, Lucian; Zalinescu, Adrian

    2008-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to study the existence and uniqueness of the solution of the backward stochastic differential equations involving the subdifferential operator $\\partial\\varphi$ (also called backward stochastic variational inequalities): \\[ {\\begin{array} [c]{l}% -dY_{t}+\\partial\\varphi(Y_{t}) dt\

  16. Is Inequality Inevitable in Society? Income Distribution as a Consequence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinha, Sitabhra

    inequality when he collected data on income distribution in several countries including England, Peru a power law relation, with the number of households having income greater than x, N(x) x- . He further observed were around 1.5, possibly the first report of universal- ity in a power law relation from

  17. Characterizations of Lojasiewicz inequalities: subgradient flows, talweg, convexity.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daniilidis, Aris

    Characterizations of Lojasiewicz inequalities: subgradient flows, talweg, convexity. J´er^ome BOLTE acknowledge support of the ANR grants ANR-05- BLAN-0248-01 and ANR-08-BLAN-0294-01 (France). The second author acknowledge support of the MEC grant MTM2008-06695-C03-03/MTM (Spain). During the preparation of this work

  18. HANSON-WRIGHT INEQUALITY AND SUB-GAUSSIAN CONCENTRATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vershynin, Roman

    HANSON-WRIGHT INEQUALITY AND SUB-GAUSSIAN CONCENTRATION MARK RUDELSON AND ROMAN VERSHYNIN Abstract by NSF grant DMS 1001829 and 1265782. 1 #12;2 MARK RUDELSON AND ROMAN VERSHYNIN Theorem 1.1 (Hanson of Theorem 1.1. Instead of A = (aij) , both papers had (|aij|) in the right side. The latter norm can be much

  19. Asymptotic and Bootstrap Inference for Inequality and Poverty Measures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Asymptotic and Bootstrap Inference for Inequality and Poverty Measures by Russell Davidson samples, although inference with poverty indices is satisfactory. We find that the major cause method in moderately large samples. JEL codes: C00, C15, I32 Key words: Income distribution, poverty

  20. Proceedings Article Differential Pricing with inequity aversion in social networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shamir, Ron

    Proceedings Article Differential Pricing with inequity aversion in social networks Noga Alon, Tel the algorithmic problem of maximizing revenue in a network using differential pricing, where the prices offered pricing can be computed efficiently, even for arbitrary revenue functions. In contrast, we show

  1. Nonlinear finite element modelling and parametric study of CFRP shear-strengthened prestressed concrete girders

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qapo, Michael; Dirar, Samir; Yang, Jian; Elshafie, Mohammed Z. E. B.

    2014-12-16

    This paper presents a three-dimensional nonlinear finite element (FE) model for prestressed concrete girders strengthened in shear with externally bonded carbon fibre reinforced polymer (CFRP) reinforcement. A total strain rotating crack model...

  2. Strengthening of the Pacific Equatorial Undercurrent in the SODA Reanalysis: Mechanisms, Ocean Dynamics, and Implications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karnauskas, Kristopher B.

    Several recent studies utilizing global climate models predict that the Pacific Equatorial Undercurrent (EUC) will strengthen over the twenty-first century. Here, historical changes in the tropical Pacific are investigated ...

  3. The drastic outcomes from voting alliances in three-party bottom-up democratic voting (1990 $\\rightarrow$ 2013)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Galam, Serge

    2013-01-01

    The drastic effect of local alliances in three-party competition is investigated in democratic hierarchical bottom-up voting. The results are obtained analytically using a model which extends a sociophysics frame introduced in 1986 \\cite{psy} and 1990 \\cite{lebo} to study two-party systems and the spontaneous formation of democratic dictatorship. It is worth stressing that the 1990 paper was published in the Journal of Statistical Physics, the first paper of its kind in the journal. It was shown how a minority in power can preserve its leadership using bottom-up democratic elections. However such a bias holds only down to some critical value of minimum support. The results were used latter to explain the sudden collapse of European communist parties in the nineties. The extension to three-party competition reveals the mechanisms by which a very small minority party can get a substantial representation at higher levels of the hierarchy when the other two competing parties are big. Additional surprising results...

  4. Clauser-Horne/Eberhard inequality violation by a local model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Donald A. Graft

    2015-08-10

    The Clauser-Horne/Eberhard inequality has taken center stage in tests of locality thanks to its immunity to the detection loophole. I describe a local model that violates the inequality using a plausible mechanism relying upon a parameter of the apparatus, the emission rate. The effect is generated through the analysis of time-tagged data using a standard windowed coincidence method; however, the detection times are not functions of the measurement settings. The analysis does not introduce the nonlocal behavior typical of previous coincidence window models. This finding has implications for the design and interpretation of experiments, as it shows that the coincidence window loophole cannot be eliminated by a demonstration of independence of the detection times and settings. The paper describes a reliable coincidence counting method and shows that it delivers an accurate count of true coincidences. Recent experimental tests of local realism based on the Clauser-Horne/Eberhard inequality are considered and it is shown that in one case (Christensen et al.) the emission rate is appropriately limited to ensure valid counting, and the data confirms local realism; in a second case (Giustina et al.) the experiment fails to appropriately limit the emission rate, and the claimed violation can be accounted for locally.

  5. BK-type inequalities and generalized random-cluster representations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berg, J van den

    2012-01-01

    Recently, van den Berg and Jonasson gave the first substantial extension of the BK inequality for non-product measures: they proved that, for k-out-of-n measures, the probability that two increasing events occur disjointly is at most the product of the two individual probabilities. We show several other extensions and modifications of the BK inequality.In particular, we prove that the antiferromagnetic Ising Curie-Weiss model satisfies the BK inequality for all increasing events. We prove that this also holds for the Curie-Weiss model with three-body interactions under the so-called Negative Lattice Condition. For the ferromagnetic Ising model we show that the probability that two events occur `cluster-disjointly' is at most the product of the two individual probabilities, and we give a more abstract form of this result for arbitrary Gibbs measures. The above cases are derived from a general abstract theorem whose proof is based on an extension of the Fortuin-Kasteleyn random-cluster representation for all pr...

  6. Operator reflection positivity inequalities and their applications to interacting quantum rotors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacek Wojtkiewicz; Wies?aw Pusz; Piotr Stachura

    2015-07-11

    In the Reflection Positivity theory and its application to statistical mechanical systems, certain matrix inequalities play a central role. The Dyson-Lieb-Simon and Kennedy-Lieb-Shastry-Schupp inequalities constitute prominent examples. In this paper we extend the KLS-S inequality to the case where matrices are replaced by certain operators. As an application, we prove the occurrence of the long range order in the ground state of two-dimensional quantum rotors.

  7. The foundational inequalities of D.L. Burkholder and some of their ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-08-03

    Aug 3, 2011 ... martingale inequalities of D.L. Burkholder to Lp-bounds for singular integral operators, concentrating on the Hilbert transform, first and sec-.

  8. The Decline in Inequality In Brazil, 2003-2009: The Role Of The State

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Souza, Pedro H.G.F.

    2013-01-01

    Calva and Lustig 2010). In Brazil, the largest country of2003. “Inequality in Brazil: The Contribution of Pensions. ”Cash Transfers in Brazil, Chile and Mexico: Impacts Upon

  9. raSAT: SMT for Polynomial Inequality To Van Khanh and Mizuhito Ogawa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ogawa, Mizuhito

    that satisfies given polyno- mial inequality/equality. For instance, xy.-y2 +(x2 -1)y-1 > 0-x2 -y2 +4 > 0

  10. High pressure phase-transformation induced texture evolution and strengthening in zirconium metal: Experiment and modeling

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Yu, Xiaohui; Zhang, Ruifeng; Weldon, David; Vogel, Sven C.; Zhang, Jianzhong; Brown, Donald W.; Wang, Yanbin; Reiche, Helmut M.; Wang, Shanmin; Du, Shiyu; et al

    2015-07-28

    We studied the phase-transition induced texture changes and strengthening mechanism for zirconium metal under quasi-hydrostatic compression and uni-axial deformation under confined high pressure using the deformation-DIA (D-DIA) apparatus. It is shown that the experimentally obtained texture for ?-phase Zr can be qualitatively described by combining a subset of orientation variants previously proposed in two different models. The determined flow stress for the high-pressure ?-phase is 0.5–1.2 GPa, more than three times higher than that of the ?-phase. Using first-principles calculations, we investigated the mechanical and electronic properties of the two Zr polymorphs. We find that the observed strengthening can bemore »attributed to the relatively strong directional bonding in the ? phase, which significantly increases its shear plastic resistance over the ?-phase Zr. The present findings provide an alternate route for Zr metal strengthening by high-pressure phase transformation.« less

  11. CFRP SHEAR STRENGTHENING OF REINFORCED CONCRETE T-BEAMS WITH CORRODED SHEAR LINKS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qin, Shunde; Dirar, Samir; Yang, Jian; Chan, Andrew H. C.; Elshafie, Mohammed

    2014-12-17

    better bond 57 performance between the concrete and the FRP reinforcement (Chaallal et al., 2011). 58 A careful review of the published literature reveals that research studies investigating the 59 shear behavior of RC beams strengthened using the DE... of reinforced concrete 500 beams strengthened in shear using L-shaped CFRP plates: experimental investigation.” J. 501 Compos. Constr., 10.1061/(ASCE)CC.1943-5614.0000398, 04013033. 502 503 Rahal, K. N., and Rumaih, H. A. (2011). “Tests on reinforced concrete...

  12. Domestic and International Causes for the Rise of Pay Inequality: Post Industrialism, Globalization and Labor Market Institutions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Golden, Miriam; Wallerstein, Michael

    2006-01-01

    1, 289–325. Table 1: The Causes of Growing Pay Inequality in08 Domestic and International Causes for the Rise of Paystudy to report that the causes for pay inequality di?ered

  13. The Hardy inequality and the heat flow in curved wedges

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David Krejcirik

    2015-07-13

    We show that the polynomial decay rate of the heat semigroup of the Dirichlet Laplacian in curved planar wedges equals the sum of the usual dimensional decay rate and a multiple of the reciprocal value of the opening angle. To prove the result, we develop the method of self-similar variables for the associated heat equation and study the asymptotic behaviour of the transformed non-autonomous parabolic problem for large times. We also establish an improved Hardy inequality for the Dirichlet Laplacian in non-trivially curved wedges and state a conjecture about an improved decay rate in this case.

  14. Quantum energy inequalities in integrable quantum field theories

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cadamuro, Daniela

    2015-01-01

    In a large class of factorizing scattering models, we construct candidates for the local energy density on the one-particle level starting from first principles, namely from the abstract properties of the energy density. We find that the form of the energy density at one-particle level can be fixed up to a polynomial function of energy. On the level of one-particle states, we also prove the existence of lower bounds for local averages of the energy density, and show that such inequalities can fix the form of the energy density uniquely in certain models.

  15. An inequality for functions on the Hamming cube Alex Samorodnitsky

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Samorodnitsky, Alex

    , 1}n R, let the Dirichlet quadratic form of g be given by E(g, g) = Ex yx (g(x) - g(y))2 School by an edge. Then (1) can be rewritten, for g = 1A as E(g, g) 2Eg2 · log2 ( Eg2 E2|g| ) (2) It is natural is the logarithmic Sobolev inequality [7] : E(g, g) Ent ( g2 ) = Eg2 ln g2 - Eg2 ln Eg2 For g = 1A this becomes |A

  16. A short remark on negative energy densities and quantum inequalities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dan Solomon

    2009-01-20

    In quantum field theory it is generally known that the energy density may be negative at a given point in spacetime. A number of papers have shown that there is a restriction on this energy density which is called a quantum inequality (QI). A QI is the lower bound to the "weighted average" of the energy density at a given point integrated over a time dependent sampling function. In this paper we give an example of a sampling function for which there is no QI.

  17. Publications for Alexander Fish Bulinski, K., Fish, A. (2015). Plunnecke inequalities for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Müller, Dietmar

    2015-01-01

    Publications for Alexander Fish 2015 Bulinski, K., Fish, A. (2015). Plunnecke inequalities="http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/etds.2015.51">[More Information] Bjorklund, M., Fish, A. (2015). Plünnecke inequalities print. [More Information] Bjorklund, M., Fish

  18. RESEARCH QUESTIONS 1. Are there environmental inequities in the distribution of large

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hall, Sharon J.

    facilities and their hazardous emissions in the Phoenix metropolitan area? 2. Do patterns of inequities inequities in Phoenix change as locations and amounts of industrial emissions shift in the decade between 1990 and 2000? METHODOLOGY We begin our analysis by calculating a Hazards Density Index (HDI) for each

  19. WORKING PAPER N 2007 -12 Education inequalities and the Kuznets curves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    WORKING PAPER N° 2007 - 12 Education inequalities and the Kuznets curves: a global perspective, human capital, economic history, Kuznets curve. PARIS-JOURDAN SCIENCES ECONOMIQUES LABORATOIRE D2011 #12;Education Inequalities and the Kuznets Curves: A Global Perspective Since 1870 Christian

  20. Introduction Physics Environmental Issues Social Justice Disasters Activity: Income Inequality How to Mathematize the World

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lega, Joceline

    Introduction Physics Environmental Issues Social Justice Disasters Activity: Income Inequality How Rincon High School University of Arizona 1/22/11 #12;Introduction Physics Environmental Issues Social Justice Disasters Activity: Income Inequality Outline Introduction Who are We? Why are We Here? Physics

  1. "To Have and Have Not" Migration, Remittances, Poverty and Inequality in Algeria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    1 "To Have and Have Not" Migration, Remittances, Poverty and Inequality in Algeria David Margolis in Idjeur being twice as large as Nedroma. At the same time, they help reduce poverty by nearly 13 that the latter do not send money home. Keywords: Remittances, Migration, Poverty, Inequality, Algeria

  2. Enhancing the MD-Strengthening and Designing Scalable Families of One-Way Hash Algorithms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    Enhancing the MD-Strengthening and Designing Scalable Families of One-Way Hash Algorithms Neil Kauer Tony Suarez Yuliang Zheng November 1, 2005 Abstract One-way hash algorithms are an indispensable tool in data security. Over the last decade or so a number of one-way hash algorithms have been

  3. SHEAR STRENGTHENING USING FRJ> SHEETS FOR A HIGHWAY BRIDGE IN MANITOHA, CANADA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    trucks demanded upgrading of a twenty-seven year old bridge in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. Analysis increasingly heavier truck loads. The twin five- span continuous prestressed concrete structures were designed strengthening since they are light-weight, corrosion- free, and have a high tensile strength. When compared

  4. SHEAR STRENGTHENING USING CFRP SHEETS FOR A PRESTRESSED CONCRETE HIGHWAY BRIDGE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Engineering Building, University ofManitoba, Winnipeg MB, Canada, R3T 5V6 SUMMARY The use of heavier trucks. is considering an upgrading of the Maryland bridge in response to the demand for heavier truck loads. The twin provide an excellent solution for shear strengthening since they are light-weight, corrosion

  5. Leveraging Broadband to Strengthen New Hampshire's Economy and Quality of Life

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    Leveraging Broadband to Strengthen New Hampshire's Economy and Quality of Life Charlie French, PhD, University of New Hampshire Cooperative Extension Curt Grimm, PhD, Carsey School for Public Policy, University of New Hampshire Broadband Overview Broadband--high-speed internet that is always on, is faster

  6. STRENGTHENING OF CONCRETE ROOF USING CFRP STRIPS Emile Shehata, Sami Rizkalla .

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    STRENGTHENING OF CONCRETE ROOF USING CFRP STRIPS Emile Shehata, Sami Rizkalla . ISIS-Canada NCE and control the deformation of existing roof panels at the North End Winnipeg Pollution Control Center (NEWPCC old concrete roof structure. The use of epoxy-bonded CFRP laminates was selected du

  7. Dislocation reactions, plastic anisotropy and forest strengthening in MgO at high temperature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Devincre, Benoit

    Dislocation reactions, plastic anisotropy and forest strengthening in MgO at high temperature J 2013 Available online 18 January 2014 Keywords: MgO Plasticity Dislocation Dynamics simulation Forest by forest reactions. Impor- tant parameters for dislocation density based modeling of MgO plasticity

  8. The Southern Ontario Smart Computing Consortium helps strengthen Canada's digital economy by providing a new innovation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lennard, William N.

    The Southern Ontario Smart Computing Consortium helps strengthen Canada's digital economy. Overview · Partnership between IBM Canada, the Governments of Canada and Ontario, and a consortium of sevenMaster University, University of Ottawa, University of Ontario Institute of Technology, Queen's University

  9. STATIC AND FATIGUE PERFORMANCE OF 40 YEAR OLD PRESTRESSED CONCRETE GIRDERS STRENGTHENED WITH VARIOUS CFRP SYSTEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    STATIC AND FATIGUE PERFORMANCE OF 40 YEAR OLD PRESTRESSED CONCRETE GIRDERS STRENGTHENED program aimed at investigating the static and fatigue behavior of 40 year old prestressed concrete bridge girders were tested as control girders (one in static and one in fatigue), while the remaining ten girders

  10. FATIGUE BEHAVIOR OF PRESTRESSED CONCRETE BRIDGE1 GIRDERS STRENGTHENED WITH VARIOUS CFRP SYSTEMS2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    strengthening systems for prestressed concrete using CFRP materials. The15 feasibility of using carbon fiber the load-carrying capacity thus extending their service life.32 33 The use of externally bonded and NSM Owen A. Rosenboom, Sami H. Rizkalla3 4 5 6 Synopsis:7 8 Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer (CFRP

  11. Mid-Holocene strengthening of the Southern Westerlies in South America --Sedimentological evidences from

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilli, Adrian

    Mid-Holocene strengthening of the Southern Westerlies in South America -- Sedimentological layers, a composite sedimentological record of almost 25 m was established covering the last ~16,000 cal yr. Sedimentological and petrophysical analysis of the cores revealed the establishment of a dominant

  12. On some nonlinear extensions of the Gagliardo-Nirenberg inequality with applications to nonlinear eigenvalue problems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ka?amajska, Agnieszka

    2011-01-01

    We derive inequality [\\int_{\\r} |f^{'}(x)|^ph(f(x))dx \\le (\\sqrt{p-1})^p\\int_{\\r}(\\sqrt{|f^{"}(x){\\cal T}_h(f(x))|})^ph(f(x))dx,] where $f$ belongs locally to Sobolev space $W^{2,1}$ and $f^{'}$ has bounded support. Here $h(...)$ is a given function and ${\\cal T}_h(...)$ is its given transform, it is independent of $p$. In case when $h\\equiv 1$ we retrieve the well known inequality: (\\int_{\\r} |f^{'}(x)|^pdx \\le (\\sqrt{p-1})^p \\int_{\\r}(\\sqrt{|f^{"}(x)f(x)|})^pdx.) Our inequalities have form similar to the classical second order Oppial inequalites. They also extend certain class of inequalities due to Mazya, used to obtain second order isoperimetric inequalities and capacitary estimates. We apply them to obtain new apriori estimates for nonlinear eigenvalue problems.

  13. A macro-realism inequality for opto-electro-mechanical systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neill Lambert; Robert Johansson; Franco Nori

    2011-11-04

    We show how to apply the Leggett-Garg inequality to opto-electro-mechanical systems near their quantum ground state. We find that by using a dichotomic quantum non-demolition measurement (via, e.g., an additional circuit-QED measurement device) either on the cavity or on the nanomechanical system itself, the Leggett-Garg inequality is violated. We argue that only measurements on the mechanical system itself give a truly unambigous violation of the Leggett-Garg inequality for the mechanical system. In this case, a violation of the Leggett-Garg inequality indicates physics beyond that of "macroscopic realism" is occurring in the mechanical system. Finally, we discuss the difficulties in using unbound non-dichotomic observables with the Leggett-Garg inequality.

  14. Microstructural, mechanical and weldability assessments of the dissimilar welds between ??- and ??-strengthened nickel-base superalloys

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Naffakh Moosavy, Homam, E-mail: homam_naffakh@iust.ac.ir [School of Metallurgy and Materials Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology (IUST), Tehran 16846-13114 (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Aboutalebi, Mohammad-Reza; Seyedein, Seyed Hossein [School of Metallurgy and Materials Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology (IUST), Tehran 16846-13114 (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Mapelli, Carlo [Dipartimento di Meccanica, Politecnico di Milano, Via La Massa 34, Milan 20156 (Italy)

    2013-08-15

    Dissimilar welding of ??- and ??-strengthened nickel-base superalloys has been investigated to identify the relationship between the microstructure of the welds and the resultant mechanical and weldability characteristics. ??-Strengthened nickel-base Alloy 500 and ??-strengthened nickel-base Alloy 718 were used for dissimilar welding. Gas tungsten arc welding operations were utilized for performing the autogenous dissimilar welding. Alloy 500 and Alloy 718 base metals showed various types of phases, carbides, intermetallics and eutectics in their microstructure. The results for Alloy 500 weld metal showed severe segregation of titanium to the interdendritic regions. The Alloy 718 weld metal compositional analysis confirmed the substantial role of Nb in the formation of low-melting eutectic-type morphologies which can reduce the weldability. The microstructure of dissimilar weld metal with dilution level of 65% wt.% displayed semi-developed dendritic structure. The less segregation and less formation of low-melting eutectic structures caused to less susceptibility of the dissimilar weld metal to the solidification cracking. This result was confirmed by analytic modeling achievements. Dissolution of ??-Ni{sub 3}Nb precipitations took place in the Alloy 718 heat-affected zone leading to sharp decline of the microhardness in this region. Remelted and resolidified regions were observed in the partially-melted zone of Alloy 500 and Alloy 718. Nevertheless, no solidification and liquation cracking happened in the dissimilar welds. Finally, this was concluded that dissimilar welding of ??- and ??-strengthened nickel-base superalloys can successfully be performed. - Highlights: • Dissimilar welding of ??- and ??-strengthened nickel-base superalloys is studied. • Microstructural, mechanical and weldability aspects of the welds are assessed. • Microstructure of welds, bases and heat-affected zones is characterized in detail. • The type, morphology and distribution of the phases are thoroughly investigated. • Dissimilar welding is successfully performed without occurrence of any hot cracks.

  15. Averaged null energy condition and quantum inequalities in curved spacetime

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kontou, Eleni-Alexandra

    2015-01-01

    The Averaged Null Energy Condition (ANEC) states that the integral along a complete null geodesic of the projection of the stress-energy tensor onto the tangent vector to the geodesic cannot be negative. ANEC can be used to rule out spacetimes with exotic phenomena, such as closed timelike curves, superluminal travel and wormholes. We prove that ANEC is obeyed by a minimally-coupled, free quantum scalar field on any achronal null geodesic (not two points can be connected with a timelike curve) surrounded by a tubular neighborhood whose curvature is produced by a classical source. To prove ANEC we use a null-projected quantum inequality, which provides constraints on how negative the weighted average of the renormalized stress-energy tensor of a quantum field can be. Starting with a general result of Fewster and Smith, we first derive a timelike projected quantum inequality for a minimally-coupled scalar field on flat spacetime with a background potential. Using that result we proceed to find the bound of a qu...

  16. Strengthening Federal

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OF APPLICABLEStatutory Authority for an SPRDepartment ofPrograms Division, OAPME

  17. Method of producing an oxide dispersion strengthened coating and micro-channels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kang, Bruce S; Chyu, Minking K; Alvin, Mary Anne; Gleeson, Brian M

    2013-12-17

    The disclosure provides a method for the production of composite particles utilizing a mechano chemical bonding process following by high energy ball milling on a powder mixture comprised of coating particles, first host particles, and second host particles. The composite particles formed have a grain size of less than one micron with grains generally characterized by a uniformly dispersed coating material and a mix of first material and second material intermetallics. The method disclosed is particularly useful for the fabrication of oxide dispersion strengthened coatings, for example using a powder mixture comprised of Y.sub.2O.sub.3, Cr, Ni, and Al. This particular powder mixture may be subjected to the MCB process for a period generally less than one hour following by high energy ball milling for a period as short as 2 hours. After application by cold spraying, the composite particles may be heat treated to generate an oxide-dispersion strengthened coating.

  18. Creep resistant, precipitation-dispersion-strengthened, martensitic stainless steel and method thereof

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Buck, Robert F. (N. Huntingdon, PA)

    1994-01-01

    An iron-based, corrosion-resistant, precipitation strengthened, martensitic steel essentially free of delta ferrite for use at high temperatures has a nominal composition of 0.05-0.1 C, 8-12 Cr, 1-5 Co, 0.5-2.0 Ni, 0.41-1.0 Mo, 0.1-0.5 Ti, and the balance iron. This steel is different from other corrosion-resistant martensitic steels because its microstructure consists of a uniform dispersion of fine particles, which are very closely spaced, and which do not coarsen at high temperatures. Thus at high temperatures this steel combines the excellent creep strength of dispersion-strengthened steels, with the ease of fabricability afforded by precipitation hardenable steels.

  19. Creep resistant, precipitation-dispersion-strengthened, martensitic stainless steel and method thereof

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Buck, R.F.

    1994-05-10

    An iron-based, corrosion-resistant, precipitation strengthened, martensitic steel essentially free of delta ferrite for use at high temperatures has a nominal composition of 0.05--0.1 C, 8--12 Cr, 1--5 Co, 0.5--2.0 Ni, 0.41--1.0 Mo, 0.1--0.5 Ti, and the balance iron. This steel is different from other corrosion-resistant martensitic steels because its microstructure consists of a uniform dispersion of fine particles, which are very closely spaced, and which do not coarsen at high temperatures. Thus at high temperatures this steel combines the excellent creep strength of dispersion-strengthened steels, with the ease of fabricability afforded by precipitation hardenable steels. 2 figures.

  20. On Harrell-Stubbe Type Inequalities for the Discrete Spectrum of a Self-Adjoint Operator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ashbaugh, Mark S

    2007-01-01

    We produce a new proof and extend results by Harrell and Stubbe for the discrete spectrum of a self-adjoint operator. An abstract approach--based on commutator algebra, the Rayleigh-Ritz principle, and an ``optimal'' usage of the Cauchy-Schwarz inequality--is used to produce ``parameter-free'', ``projection-free'' versions of their theorems. We also analyze the strength of the various inequalities that ensue. The results contain classical bounds for the eigenvalues. Extensions of a variety of inequalities \\`a la Harrell-Stubbe are illustrated for both geometric and physical problems.

  1. On a Block Matrix Inequality quantifying the Monogamy of the Negativity of Entanglement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koenraad M. R. Audenaert

    2014-08-30

    We convert a conjectured inequality from quantum information theory, due to He and Vidal, into a block matrix inequality and prove a special case. Given $n$ matrices $A_i$, $i=1,\\ldots,n$, of the same size, let $Z_1$ and $Z_2$ be the block matrices $Z_1:=(A_jA_i^*)_{i,j=1}^n$ and $Z_2:=(A_j^*A_i)_{i,j=1}^n$. Then the conjectured inequality is \\[ \\left(||Z_1||_1-\\trace Z_1\\right)^2 + \\left(||Z_2||_1-\\trace Z_2\\right)^2 \\le \\left(\\sum_{i\

  2. Friction stir welding and processing of oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) alloys

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ren, Weiju

    2014-11-11

    A method of welding including forming a filler material of a first oxide dispersoid metal, the first oxide dispersoid material having first strengthening particles that compensate for decreases in weld strength of friction stir welded oxide dispersoid metals; positioning the filler material between a first metal structure and a second metal structure each being comprised of at least a second oxide dispersoid metal; and friction welding the filler material, the first metal structure and the second metal structure to provide a weld.

  3. Structure and properties of a rapidly solidified dispersion strengthened aluminum-iron-vanadium-silicon alloy 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Little, Stafford Dean

    1991-01-01

    of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1991 Major Subject: Mechanical Engineering STRUCTURE AND PROPERTIES OF A RAPIDLY SOLIDIFIED DISPERSION STRENGTHENED ALUMINUM-IRON-VANADIUM-SILICON ALLOY A Thesis by STAFFORD DEAN LITTLE Approved... Al-Fe-V-Si alloys II Three Component PUCOT Equations III Four Component PUCOT Equations 16 16 IV Melt Spinning Variables 19 V Young's Modulus Determined by PUCOT 27 VI Tensile Test Data VII Microhardness Measurements at Room Temperature 29...

  4. Limits on classical communication from quantum entropy power inequalities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robert Koenig; Graeme Smith

    2012-05-22

    Almost all modern communication systems rely on electromagnetic fields as a means of information transmission, and finding the capacities of these systems is a problem of significant practical importance. The Additive White Gaussian Noise (AWGN) channel is often a good approximate description of such systems, and its capacity is given by a simple formula. However, when quantum effects are important, estimating the capacity becomes difficult: a lower bound is known, but a similar upper bound is missing. We present strong new upper bounds for the classical capacity of quantum additive noise channels, including quantum analogues of the AWGN channel. Our main technical tool is a quantum entropy power inequality that controls the entropy production as two quantum signals combine at a beam splitter. Its proof involves a new connection between entropy production rates and a quantum Fisher information, and uses a quantum diffusion that smooths arbitrary states towards gaussians.

  5. Quantum Inequality Restrictions on Negative Energy Densities in Curved Spacetimes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michael John Pfenning; L. H. Ford

    1998-05-11

    In quantum field theory, there exist states in which the expectation value of the energy density for a quantized field is negative. These negative energy densities lead to many problems. Although quantum field theory introduces negative energies, it also provides constraints in the form of quantum inequalities (QI's). These uncertainty principle-type relations limit the magnitude and duration of any negative energy. We derive a general form of the QI on the energy density for both the quantized scalar and electromagnetic fields in static curved spacetimes. In the case of the scalar field, the QI can be written as the Euclidean wave operator acting on the Euclidean Green's function. Additionally, a small distance expansion on the Green's function is used to derive the QI in the short sampling time limit. It is found that the QI in this limit reduces to the flat space form with subdominant correction terms which depend on the spacetime geometry. Several example spacetimes are studied in which exact forms of the QI's can be found. These include the three- and four-dimensional static Robertson-Walker spacetimes, flat space with perfectly reflecting mirrors, Rindler and static de Sitter space, and the spacetime outside a black hole. Finally, the application of the quantum inequalities to the Alcubierre warp drive spacetime leads to strict constraints on the thickness of the negative energy region needed to maintain the warp drive. Under these constraints, we discover that the total negative energy required exceeds the total mass of the visible universe by a hundred billion times.

  6. Iceland is a small democratic state of nearly 300,000 inhabitants that sits in the North Atlantic between the continents of Europe, America, and the Arctic.1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Silver, Whendee

    Iceland is a small democratic state of nearly 300,000 inhabitants that sits in the North Atlantic for innovation of global significance, the small island nation of Iceland has assumed near iconic status in one entrepreneurial vision, Iceland's genomic innovations have helped transform med- ical and genealogical information

  7. DAWOOD, MINA MAGDY RIAD. Fundamental Behavior of Steel-Concrete Composite Beams Strengthened with High Modulus Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer (CFRP)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Strengthened with High Modulus Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer (CFRP) Materials. (Under the direction of Dr for the repair and strengthening of steel bridges. Recently, high modulus carbon fiber reinforced polymers (CFRP-CONCRETE COMPOSITE BEAMS STRENGTHENED WITH HIGH MODULUS CARBON FIBER REINFORCED POLYMER (CFRP) MATERIALS by MINA

  8. Cryptographic security of the quantum key distribution from the triangle inequality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pawel Kurzynski; Marcin Markiewicz; Dagomir Kaszlikowski

    2014-09-22

    We show that the Csiszar-Korner sufficient condition for secure cryptographic key generation with the help of quantum theory can be easily derived using the triangle inequality for an information-theoretic distance.

  9. Invariant features of spatial inequality in consumption: the case of India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chatterjee, Arnab; Ghosh, Asim; Chakraborti, Anirban; Nandi, Tushar K

    2015-01-01

    We study the distributional features and inequality of consumption expenditure across India, for different states, castes, religion and urban-rural divide. We find that even though the aggregate measures of inequality are fairly diversified across states, the consumption distributions show near identical statistics, once properly normalized. This feature is seen to be robust with respect to variations in sociological and economic factors. We also show that state-wise inequality seems to be positively correlated with growth which is in accord with the traditional idea of Kuznets' curve. We present a brief model to account for the invariance found empirically and show that better but riskier technology draws can create a positive correlation between inequality and growth.

  10. The processes of industrial gold mining and inequality: a Ghanaian case study 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gawor, Natalie

    2011-11-24

    The research examined how inequality manifests itself through the processes of industrial gold mining using a case study of Newmont Mining Corporations’ Ahafo Gold Mine in Ghana. The pursuit of neoliberal development and widespread transnational...

  11. The Collaborative Image of The City: Mapping the Inequality of Urban Perception

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schechtner, Katja

    A traveler visiting Rio, Manila or Caracas does not need a report to learn that these cities are unequal; she can see it directly from the taxicab window. This is because in most cities inequality is conspicuous, but also, ...

  12. Second Law-Like Inequalities with Quantum Relative Entropy: An Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sagawa, Takahiro

    2012-01-01

    We review the basic properties of the quantum relative entropy for finite-dimensional Hilbert spaces. In particular, we focus on several inequalities that are related to the second law of thermodynamics, where the positivity and the monotonicity of the quantum relative entropy play key roles; these properties are directly applicable to derivations of the second law (e.g., the Clausius inequality). Moreover, the positivity is closely related to the quantum fluctuation theorem, while the monotonicity leads to a quantum version of the Hatano-Sasa inequality for nonequilibrium steady states. Based on the monotonicity, we also discuss the data processing inequality for the quantum mutual information, which has a similar mathematical structure to that of the second law. Moreover, we derive a generalized second law with quantum feedback control. In addition, we review a proof of the monotonicity in line with Petz.

  13. Adaptive nonparametric estimation in heteroscedastic regression models. Part 1: Sharp non-asymptotic Oracle inequalities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Galtchouk, Leonid

    2008-01-01

    An adaptive nonparametric estimation procedure is constructed for the estimation problem of heteroscedastic regression when the noise variance depends on the unknown regression. A non-asymptotic upper bound for a quadratic risk (an oracle inequality) is constructed.

  14. Sharp non-asymptotic oracle inequalities for nonparametric heteroscedastic regression models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Galtchouk, Leonid

    2010-01-01

    An adaptive nonparametric estimation procedure is constructed for heteroscedastic regression when the noise variance depends on the unknown regression. A non-asymptotic upper bound for a quadratic risk (oracle inequality) is obtained

  15. Testing tripartite Mermin inequalities by spectral joint-measurements of qubits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, J S; Wei, L F

    2011-01-01

    It is well known that Bell inequality supporting the local realism can be violated in quantum mechanics. Numerous tests of such a violation have been demonstrated with bipartite entanglements. Using spectral jointmeasurements of the qubits, we here propose a scheme to test the tripartite Mermin inequality (a three-qubit Bell-type inequality) with three qubits dispersively-coupled to a driven cavity. First, we show how to generate a three-qubit Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger (GHZ) state by only one-step quantum operation. Then, spectral joint-measurements are introduced to directly confirm such a tripartite entanglement. Assisted by a series of single-qubit operations, these measurements are further utilized to test the Mermin inequality. The feasibility of the proposal is robustly demonstrated by the present numerical experiments.

  16. Testing Bell’s Inequality with Cosmic Photons: Closing the Setting-Independence Loophole

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gallicchio, Jason

    We propose a practical scheme to use photons from causally disconnected cosmic sources to set the detectors in an experimental test of Bell’s inequality. In current experiments, with settings determined by quantum random ...

  17. Global economic changes and income inequality: a test of four competing models 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morris, Theresa Marie

    1996-01-01

    This study examines the capacity of modernization theory, dependency theory, world system theory, and political democracy theory to explain the determinants of income inequality in less developed countries. The study further ...

  18. Accounting for the Change in the Gradient: Health Inequality among Infants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Wanchuan

    2006-01-01

    Accounting for the Change in the Gradient: Health InequalityLine Working Paper Series Accounting for the Change in thethe most important factor in accounting for the closing gap.

  19. An extension of Markov's Inequality Let E be a connected compact ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    An extension of Markov's Inequality. Let E be a connected compact set of logarithmic capacity 1 in the complex. plane. Is it true that for every polynomial P of ...

  20. Lyapunov functions for evolution variational inequalities with locally prox-regular sets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Lyapunov functions for evolution variational inequalities with locally prox-regular sets Abderrahim criterion for Lyapunov pairs of this dynamical system and some results on the asymptotic behaviour - Uniformly prox-regular set - Hypomonotonicity - Lyapunov pair - Asymptotic behaviour. Mathematics Subject

  1. Characterizations of Lojasiewicz inequalities and applications Jer^ome BOLTE, Aris DANIILIDIS, Olivier LEY & Laurent MAZET

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Characterizations of Lojasiewicz inequalities and applications J´er^ome BOLTE, Aris DANIILIDIS acknowledge support of the ANR grant ANR-05- BLAN-0248-01 (France). The second author acknowledge support

  2. Opal Waters, Rising Seas: How Sociocultural Inequality Reduces Resilience to Climate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Green, Donna

    218 Chapter 12 Opal Waters, Rising Seas: How Sociocultural Inequality Reduces Resilience to Climate in the north indicate increasing extreme events: #12;Opal Waters, Rising Seas 219 monsoonal rain projected

  3. Postdoctoral positions opening The Center for the Study of Social Stratification and Inequality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keinan, Alon

    from various viewpoints. In addition, the CSSI conducts comparative studies of absolute poverty with the Stanford Center for the Study of Poverty and Inequality. Applicants should hold doctoral degrees or show

  4. Energy inequalities for a model of wave propagation in cold plasma

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas H. Otway

    2007-09-10

    Energy inequalities are derived for an elliptic-hyperbolic operator arising in plasma physics. These inequalities imply the existence of distribution and weak solutions to various closed boundary-value problems. An existence theorem is proven for a related class of Keldysh equations, and the failure of expected methods for obtaining uniqueness is discussed. The proofs use ideas recently introduced by Lupo, Morawetz, and Payne for a generalized Tricomi operator. The existence of strong solutions under open boundary conditions is also proven.

  5. Minimax solution of a nonlinear system of mixed equalities and inequalities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garcia-Palomares, U.M.

    1983-07-01

    A modification of a quadratic algorithm for solving a nonlinear system of mixed equalities and inequalities is proposed. Under suitable conditions, the modified algorithm always generates a local minimum of a function that represents the maximum violation of any equality of inequality of the system. A superlinear rate of convergence is achieved, when the maximum violation is null. Neither convexity nor constraint qualifications are required.

  6. Phonon-energy-coupling enhancement: Strengthening the chemical bonds of the SiO2/Si system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Zhi

    Phonon-energy-coupling enhancement: Strengthening the chemical bonds of the SiO2/Si system Zhi Chena and Jun Guo Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering and Center for Nanoscale Science

  7. The basic Leggett inequalities don't contradict the quantum theory, neither the classical physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sofia Wechsler

    2009-12-21

    The basic Leggett inequalities, i.e. those inequalities in which the particular assumptions of Leggett's hidden-variable model (e.g. Malus law) were not yet introduced, are usually derived using hidden-variable distributions of probabilities (although in some cases completely general, positive probabilities would lead to the same result). This fact creates sometimes the illusion that these basic inequalities are a belonging of the hidden-variable theories and are bound to contradict the quantum theory. In the present text the basic Leggett inequalities are derived in the most general way, i.e. no assumption is made that the distribution of probabilities would result from some wave function, or from some set of classical variables. The consequence is that as long as one and the same probability distribution is used in the calculus of all the averages appearing in the basic Leggett inequalities, no contradiction may occur. These inequalities may be violated only when different averages are calculated with different distributions, for example, some of them calculated with the quantum formalism and the others with some distribution of classical parameters.

  8. Process of welding gamma prime-strengthened nickel-base superalloys

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Speigel, Lyle B.; White, Raymond Alan; Murphy, John Thomas; Nowak, Daniel Anthony

    2003-11-25

    A process for welding superalloys, and particularly articles formed of gamma prime-strengthened nickel-base superalloys whose chemistries and/or microstructures differ. The process entails forming the faying surface of at least one of the articles to have a cladding layer of a filler material. The filler material may have a composition that is different from both of the articles, or the same as one of the articles. The cladding layer is machined to promote mating of the faying surfaces, after which the faying surfaces are mated and the articles welded together. After cooling, the welded assembly is free of thermally-induced cracks.

  9. The Haves, the Have-Nots, and the Health of Everyone: The Relationship Between Social Inequality and Environmental Quality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cushing, Lara; Morello-Frosch, Rachel; Wander, Madeline; Pastor, Manuel

    2015-01-01

    to disaster in the climate change game. Clim. Change 120:to a public fund to prevent climate change. Inequalities ina primary driver of climate change. Although climate change

  10. Global Inequality in Energy Consumption from 1980 to 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lawrence, Scott; Yakovenko, Victor M

    2013-01-01

    We study the global probability distribution of energy consumption per capita around the world using data from the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) for 1980-2010. We find that the Lorenz curves have moved up during this time period, and the Gini coefficient G has decreased from 0.66 in 1980 to 0.55 in 2010, indicating a decrease in inequality. The global probability distribution of energy consumption per capita in 2010 is close to the exponential distribution with G=0.5. We attribute this result to the globalization of the world economy, which mixes the world and brings it closer to the state of maximal entropy. We argue that global energy production is a limited resource that is partitioned among the world population. The most probable partition is the one that maximizes entropy, thus resulting in the exponential distribution function. A consequence of the latter is the law of 1/3: the top 1/3 of the world population consumes 2/3 of produced energy. We also find similar results for the global pro...

  11. The Penrose inequality on perturbations of the Schwarzschild exterior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spyros Alexakis

    2015-06-21

    We prove a version the Penrose inequality for black hole space-times which are perturbations of the Schwarzschild exterior in a slab around a null hypersurface $\\underline{\\mathcal{N}}_0$. $\\underline{\\mathcal{N}}_0$ terminates at past null infinity $\\mathcal{I}^-$ and $\\mathcal{S}_0:=\\partial\\underline{\\mathcal{N}}_0$ is chosen to be a marginally outer trapped sphere. We show that the area of $\\mathcal{S}_0$ yields a lower bound for the Bondi energy of sections of past null infinity, thus also for the total ADM energy. Our argument is perturbative, and rests on suitably deforming the initial null hypersurface $\\underline{\\mathcal{N}}_0$ to one for which the natural "luminosity" foliation originally introduced by Hawking yields a monotonically increasing Hawking mass, and for which the leaves of this foliation become asymptotically round. It is to ensure the latter (essential) property that we perform the deformation of the initial nullhypersurface $\\underline{\\mathcal{N}}_0$.

  12. dStop making it such a big issueT: Perceptions and experiences of gender inequality by undergraduates at a British University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bourke, Mary C.

    inequalityT (in contrast to the more blatant, traditional forms) as the denial of continued discrimination

  13. Sudden violation of the CHSH inequality in a two qubits system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mazzola, Laura

    2010-01-01

    I study the dynamics of the violation of the CHSH inequality for two qubits interacting with a common zero-temperature non-Markovian environment. I demonstrate sudden violation of the inequality for two qubits initially prepared in a factorized state. Due to the strong coupling between the qubits and the reservoir, the dynamics is characterized by numerous sharp revivals. Furthermore I focus on a more realistic physical system in which the spontaneous emission for the qubits is taken into account. When including spontaneous emission even for small decay parameters, revivals in the violation are heavily damped out. If the decay rates exceed a certain threshold, the inequality turns out to be always satisfied.

  14. Sudden violation of the CHSH inequality in a two qubits system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laura Mazzola

    2010-02-04

    I study the dynamics of the violation of the CHSH inequality for two qubits interacting with a common zero-temperature non-Markovian environment. I demonstrate sudden violation of the inequality for two qubits initially prepared in a factorized state. Due to the strong coupling between the qubits and the reservoir, the dynamics is characterized by numerous sharp revivals. Furthermore I focus on a more realistic physical system in which the spontaneous emission for the qubits is taken into account. When including spontaneous emission even for small decay parameters, revivals in the violation are heavily damped out. If the decay rates exceed a certain threshold, the inequality turns out to be always satisfied.

  15. Dvoretzky--Kiefer--Wolfowitz Inequalities for the Two-sample Case

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wei, Fan

    2011-01-01

    The Dvoretzky--Kiefer--Wolfowitz (DKW) inequality says that if $F_n$ is an empirical distribution function for variables i.i.d.\\ with a distribution function $F$, and $K_n$ is the Kolmogorov statistic $\\sqrt{n}\\sup_x|(F_n-F)(x)|$, then there is a finite constant $C$ such that for any $M>0$, $\\Pr(K_n>M) \\leq C\\exp(-2M^2).$ Massart proved that one can take C=2 (DKWM inequality) which is sharp for $F$ continuous. We consider the analogous Kolmogorov--Smirnov statistic $KS_{m,n}$ for the two-sample case and show that for $m=n$, the DKW inequality holds with C=2 if and only if $n\\geq 458$. For $n_0\\leq n2$ depending on $n_0$. For $m\

  16. A generalization of the Entropy Power Inequality to Bosonic Quantum Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giacomo De Palma; Andrea Mari; Vittorio Giovannetti

    2015-05-07

    In most communication schemes information is transmitted via travelling modes of electromagnetic radiation. These modes are unavoidably subject to environmental noise along any physical transmission medium and the quality of the communication channel strongly depends on the minimum noise achievable at the output. For classical signals such noise can be rigorously quantified in terms of the associated Shannon entropy and it is subject to a fundamental lower bound called entropy power inequality. Electromagnetic fields are however quantum mechanical systems and then, especially in low intensity signals, the quantum nature of the information carrier cannot be neglected and many important results derived within classical information theory require non-trivial extensions to the quantum regime. Here we prove one possible generalization of the Entropy Power Inequality to quantum bosonic systems. The impact of this inequality in quantum information theory is potentially large and some relevant implications are considered in this work.

  17. The Golden-Thompson inequality: Historical aspects and random matrix applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Forrester, Peter J. Thompson, Colin J.

    2014-02-15

    The Golden-Thompson inequality, Tr?(e{sup A+B}) ? Tr?(e{sup A}e{sup B}) for A, B Hermitian matrices, appeared in independent works by Golden and Thompson published in 1965. Both of these were motivated by considerations in statistical mechanics. In recent years the Golden-Thompson inequality has found applications to random matrix theory. In this article, we detail some historical aspects relating to Thompson's work, giving in particular a hitherto unpublished proof due to Dyson, and correspondence with Pólya. We show too how the 2 × 2 case relates to hyperbolic geometry, and how the original inequality holds true with the trace operation replaced by any unitarily invariant norm. In relation to the random matrix applications, we review its use in the derivation of concentration type lemmas for sums of random matrices due to Ahlswede-Winter, and Oliveira, generalizing various classical results.

  18. Weld microstructure development and properties of precipitation-strengthened martensitic stainless steels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brooks, J.A. ); Garrison, W.R. Jr. )

    1999-08-01

    The weld microstructural evolution, mechanical properties and solidification cracking susceptibility of three precipitation-strengthened martensitic stainless steels--PH 13-8 Mo, Custom 450 and 15-5 PH--were investigated. Liquid tin quenching of gas tungsten arc welds revealed that all three welds solidified as single-phase ferrite with a high degree of microsegregation. However, during further solidification and cooling almost complete homogenization occurred as a result of solid-state diffusion. The welds in all three alloys exhibited good resistance to solidification cracking and generally exhibited tensile and impact properties similar to those of the base metal. However, in almost all cases, the weld Charpy impact energies were somewhat less than those of the base metals. The cracking behavior and mechanical properties are discussed in terms of microstructural evolution.

  19. Transmission electron microscopy of oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) molybdenum: effects of irradiation on material microstructure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baranwal, R. and Burke, M.G.

    2003-03-03

    Oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) molybdenum has been characterized using transmission electron microscopy (TEM) to determine the effects of irradiation on material microstructure. This work describes the results-to-date from TEM characterization of unirradiated and irradiated ODS molybdenum. The general microstructure of the unirradiated material consists of fine molybdenum grains (< 5 {micro}m average grain size) with numerous low angle boundaries and isolated dislocation networks. 'Ribbon'-like lanthanum oxides are aligned along the working direction of the product form and are frequently associated with grain boundaries, serving to inhibit grain boundary and dislocation movement. In addition to the 'ribbons', discrete lanthanum oxide particles have also been detected. After irradiation, the material is characterized by the presence of nonuniformly distributed large ({approx} 20 to 100 nm in diameter), multi-faceted voids, while the molybdenum grain size and oxide morphology appear to be unaffected by irradiation.

  20. WP05 Labour's record on cash transfers, poverty, inequality and the lifecycle 1997-2010 Labour's Record on Neighbourhood Renewal in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banaji,. Murad

    WP05 Labour's record on cash transfers, poverty, inequality and the lifecycle 1997-2010 Labour of wealth, poverty, income inequality and spatial difference. The full programme of analysis will include and on poverty and inequality particularly. This provides a baseline for analysing and understanding the changes

  1. Duplex precipitates and their effects on the room-temperature fracture behaviour of a NiAl-strengthened ferritic alloy

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Sun, Zhiqian; Song, Gian; Ilavsky, Jan; Liaw, Peter K.

    2015-03-23

    Duplex precipitates are presented in a NiAl-strengthened ferritic alloy. They were characterized by the ultra-small angle X-ray scattering and transmission electron microscope. Fine cooling precipitates with the size of several to tens of nanometres harden the matrix considerably at room temperature. Cracks are likely to initiate from precipitates, and coalesce and propagate quickly through the matrix due to the excessive hardening effect of cooling precipitates, which lead to the premature fracture of NiAl-strengthened ferritic alloys.

  2. Jensen's Inequality for g-Convex Function under g-Expectation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jia, Guangyan

    2008-01-01

    A real valued function defined on}$\\mathbb{R}$ {\\small is called}$g${\\small --convex if it satisfies the following \\textquotedblleft generalized Jensen's inequality\\textquotedblright under a given}$g${\\small -expectation, i.e., }$h(\\mathbb{E}^{g}[X])\\leq \\mathbb{E}% ^{g}[h(X)]${\\small, for all random variables}$X$ {\\small such that both sides of the inequality are meaningful. In this paper we will give a necessary and sufficient conditions for a }$C^{2}${\\small -function being}$% g ${\\small -convex. We also studied some more general situations. We also studied}$g${\\small -concave and}$g${\\small -affine functions.

  3. Svetlichny's inequality and genuine tripartite nonlocality in three-qubit pure states

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rungta, Pranaw

    2009-01-01

    The violation of the Svetlichny's inequality [Phys. Rev. D 35, 3066 (1987)] is sufficient but not necessary for genuine tripartite nonlocal correlations. Here we quantify the relationship between tripartite entanglement and the maximum expectation value of the Svetlichny operator (which is bounded from above by the inequality) for the two inequivalent classes of pure three-qubit states: the GHZ-class and the W-class. The maximum for the GHZ-class states is related to the amount of the three-tangle of these states; whereas for the W-class states the maximum is a function of the concurrences of the three reduced states.

  4. To All Members of the University Community: On June 27, the province released a discussion paper entitled "Strengthening Ontario's Centres

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    entitled "Strengthening Ontario's Centres of Innovation and Knowledge" which will launch a consultation of Windsor will be making a response to the Ministry in co-ordination with the Council of Ontario for the government to plan the future of the postsecondary sector in Ontario. For this process, I will be drawing

  5. Sports`n Science (SnS) strengthens the connection between sports and science at the University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Capecchi, Mario R.

    MISSION Sports`n Science (SnS) strengthens the connection between sports and science at the University of Utah and within the broader community. The program promotes science education and illustrates components: Public awareness campaign Program website Informal science education Formal science education

  6. Concentration of Measure Inequalities for Compressive Toeplitz Matrices with Applications to Detection and System Identification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanandaji, Borhan M.

    -08-1-0078, NSF Grant CNS- 0931748 and Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. Motivated by the emerging field of Compressive Sensing (CS), we apply these inequalities to problems by intelligent sensors, digital cameras, and so on exceeds the world's total data storage capacity [1]. Motivated

  7. The Penrose inequality in general relativity and volume comparison theorems involving scalar curvature (thesis)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hubert L. Bray

    2009-02-18

    In this thesis we describe how minimal surface techniques can be used to prove the Penrose inequality in general relativity for two classes of 3-manifolds. We also describe how a new volume comparison theorem involving scalar curvature for 3-manifolds follows from these same techniques.

  8. The Importance of the Entropy Inequality on Numerical Simulations Using Reduced Methane-air Reaction Mechanisms 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Nathan

    2012-10-19

    mechanisms is to reduce the computational time needed to simulate a problem. The focus of this work is on the validity of reduced methane-air combustion mechanisms, particularly pertaining to satisfying the entropy inequality. While much of this work involves...

  9. HOMODYNING BELL'S INEQUALITY G. M. D'Ariano1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D'Ariano, Giacomo Mauro

    experiment to test Bell's inequality that involve optical radiation the source emits a pair of correlated and BS denote `polarizing beam splitter' and `conventional beam splitter' respectively. Input radiation at radiofrequency are detected, yielding the value of the quadratures of the field modes a , b, a and b

  10. THE CLAUSIUS INEQUALITY AND THE MATHEMATICAL STATEMENT OF THE SECOND LAW

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ronis, David M.

    , T Carnot Engine where C is a reversible Carnot engine which takes heat -d- Qs from a part of the system our definition of efficiency and the fact that the efficiencies of all reversible Carnot engine) This inequality must hold if the process is to proceed as written. Now we integrate Eq. (2) around one cycle

  11. An Efficiency Measure for Dynamic Networks Modeled as Evolutionary Variational Inequalities with Application to the Internet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagurney, Anna

    An Efficiency Measure for Dynamic Networks Modeled as Evolutionary Variational Inequalities propose an efficiency/performance measure for dynamic net- works, which have been modeled as evolutionary and their rankings. We provide both continuous time and discrete time versions of the efficiency measure. We

  12. Ito-Wiener chaos expansion with exact residual and correlation, variance inequalities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hu, Yaozhong

    1997-10-01

    We give a formula of expanding the solution of a stochastic differential equation (abbreviated as SDE) into a finite Ito-Wiener chaos with explicit residual. And then we apply this formula to obtain several inequalities for diffusions such as FKG...

  13. Labour's Record on Cash Transfers, Poverty, Inequality and the Lifecycle 1997 -2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banaji,. Murad

    Labour's Record on Cash Transfers, Poverty, Inequality and the Lifecycle 1997 - 2010 John Hills changes in the UK since 2007, particularly their impact on the distribution of wealth, poverty, income, charting their approach and assessing their impact on the distribution of outcomes and on poverty

  14. lASE 9-6-07_Schnerch 4/12/06 5:09 pm Page 805 Bond Behavior of CFRP Strengthened Steel Structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    + lASE 9-6-07_Schnerch 4/12/06 5:09 pm Page 805 Bond Behavior of CFRP Strengthened Steel Structures and strengthening of steel structures and bridges using fiber reinforced polymer (FRP) materials. The bond behavior of FRP materials to steel structures is quite different from lhat of concrete structures. Preliminary

  15. Boosting medicine with nanotechnology strengthens drug cocktail many times over http://www.nanowerk.com/news/newsid=21055.php[4/21/2011 11:18:27 AM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brinker, C. Jeffrey

    Boosting medicine with nanotechnology strengthens drug cocktail many times over http a report of consumers' views on the use of nanotechnology Posted: Apr 21st, 2011 Using niosomes: Apr 18th, 2011 Boosting medicine with nanotechnology strengthens drug cocktail many times over

  16. High-wavenumber solar $f$-mode strengthening prior to active region formation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singh, Nishant K; Brandenburg, Axel

    2016-01-01

    Using the solar surface mode, i.e. the $f$-mode, we attempt to predict the emergence of active regions (ARs) in the days before they can be seen in magnetograms. Our study is motivated by earlier numerical findings of Singh et al. (2014) who showed that, in the presence of a nonuniform magnetic field which is concentrated a few scale heights below the surface, the $f$-mode fans out in the diagnostic $k\\omega$ diagram at high wavenumbers. Here we exploit this property using data from the Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager aboard the Solar Dynamics Observatory, and show for three ARs 11768, 11158 and 12051, that at large latitudinal wavenumbers (corresponding to horizontal scales of around $3000\\,{\\rm km}$), the $f$-mode displays strengthening about two days prior to AR formation and thus provides a new precursor for AR formation. The idea that the $f$-mode is perturbed days before any visible magnetic activity occurs on the surface can be important in constraining dynamo models aiming at understanding the global...

  17. Democratized From innovation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Douglas R.

    energies computing power to burn software- defined radio rapid manufact- uring nanoscale storage Small pervasive smart dust clean water for all simulation = reality solar is real desktop manufacturing nuclear written permission. Science & Technology Outlook: 2005­2055 micro- power #12;THEMES Small World After 20

  18. Strengthening the fission reactor nuclear science and engineering program at UCLA. Final technical report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Okrent, D.

    1997-06-23

    This is the final report on DOE Award No. DE-FG03-92ER75838 A000, a three year matching grant program with Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG and E) to support strengthening of the fission reactor nuclear science and engineering program at UCLA. The program began on September 30, 1992. The program has enabled UCLA to use its strong existing background to train students in technological problems which simultaneously are of interest to the industry and of specific interest to PG and E. The program included undergraduate scholarships, graduate traineeships and distinguished lecturers. Four topics were selected for research the first year, with the benefit of active collaboration with personnel from PG and E. These topics remained the same during the second year of this program. During the third year, two topics ended with the departure o the students involved (reflux cooling in a PWR during a shutdown and erosion/corrosion of carbon steel piping). Two new topics (long-term risk and fuel relocation within the reactor vessel) were added; hence, the topics during the third year award were the following: reflux condensation and the effect of non-condensable gases; erosion/corrosion of carbon steel piping; use of artificial intelligence in severe accident diagnosis for PWRs (diagnosis of plant status during a PWR station blackout scenario); the influence on risk of organization and management quality; considerations of long term risk from the disposal of hazardous wastes; and a probabilistic treatment of fuel motion and fuel relocation within the reactor vessel during a severe core damage accident.

  19. History of Resistance Welding Oxide Dispersion Strengthened Cladding and other High Temperature Materials at Center for Advanced Energy Studies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Larry Zirker; Nathan Jerred; Dr. Indrajit Charit; James Cole

    2012-03-01

    Research proposal 08-1079, 'A Comparative Study of Welded ODS Cladding Materials for AFCI/GNEP,' was funded in 2008 under an Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative (AFCI) Research and Development Funding Opportunity, number DE-PS07-08ID14906. Th proposal sought to conduct research on joining oxide dispersion strengthen (ODS) tubing material to a solid end plug. This document summarizes the scientific and technical progress achieved during the project, which ran from 2008 to 2011.

  20. Violation of Bell's inequality with a quantum dot in a tapered nanowire waveguide

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klaus D. Jöns; Lucas Schweickert; Marijn A. M. Versteegh; Dan Dalacu; Philip J. Poole; Angelo Gulinatti; Andrea Giudice; Val Zwiller; Michael E. Reimer

    2015-10-13

    We present a bright and directional polarization-entangled photon-pair source generated by a photonic nanostructure that violates Bell's inequality. The solid-state quantum light source is an InAsP quantum dot in a tapered InP nanowire waveguide. Utilizing quasi-resonant excitation at the wurtzite InP nanowire resonance reduces multi-photon emission resulting in an entanglement fidelity of $F=0.835\\,\\pm\\,0.004$ without temporal post-selection. The performed Bell test using the Clauser-Horne-Shimony-Holt inequality reveals clear violation ($S_{\\text{CHSH}}>2$) of the local hidden variable theory by 3.5 standard deviations and highlights the possible application in source-independent quantum key distribution.

  1. Mass angular momentum inequality for axisymmetric vacuum data with small trace

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Xin

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, we proved the mass angular momentum inequality\\cite{D1}\\cite{ChrusLiWe}\\cite{SZ} for axisymmetric, asymptotically flat, vacuum constraint data sets with small trace. Given an initial data set with small trace, we construct a boost evolution spacetime of the Einstein vacuum equations as \\cite{ChOM}. Then a perturbation method is used to solve the maximal surface equation in the spacetime under certain growing condition at infinity. When the initial data set is axisymmetric, we get an axisymmetric maximal graph with the same ADM mass and angular momentum as the given data. The inequality follows from the known results\\cite{D1}\\cite{ChrusLiWe}\\cite{SZ} about the maximal graph.

  2. Noncommuting local common causes for correlations violating the Clauser-Horne inequality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gábor Hofer-Szabó; Péter Vecsernyés

    2012-01-27

    In the paper the EPR-Bohm scenario will be reproduced in an algebraic quantum field theoretical setting with locally finite degrees of freedom. It will be shown that for a set of spatially separated correlating events (projections) maximally violating the Clauser-Horne inequality there can be given a common causal explanation if commutativity is abandoned between the common cause and the correlating events. Moreover, the noncommuting common cause will be local and supported in the common past of the correlating events.

  3. Oracle inequalities for SVMs that are based on random entropy numbers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Steinwart, Ingo

    2009-01-01

    In this paper we present a new technique for bounding local Rademacher averages of function classes induced by a loss function and a reproducing kernel Hilbert space (RKHS). At the heart of this technique lies the observation that certain expectations of random entropy numbers can be bounded by the eigenvalues of the integral operator associated to the RKHS. We then work out the details of the new technique by establishing two new oracle inequalities for SVMs, which complement and generalize orevious results.

  4. Experimental violation of a d-dimensional Bell inequality using energy-time entangled photons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sacha Schwarz; Bänz Bessire; André Stefanov

    2015-02-06

    We experimentally study the violation of the CGLMP inequality for entangled 2-qubit and 2-qutrit states with different degrees of entanglement using numerically optimized measurement settings. The qudits are encoded and manipulated in the frequency spectrum of broadband energy-time entangled photons by taking into account a spatial light modulator. The latter allows to discretize the spectrum into bins. By controlling each frequency bin individually, the generation of maximally and non-maximally entangled qutrits is verified through quantum state tomography.

  5. Who lives near coke plants and oil refineries An exploration of the environmental inequity hypothesis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Graham, J.D.; Beaulieu, N.D.; Sussman, D.; Sadowitz, M.; Li, Y.C. )

    1999-04-01

    Facility-specific information on pollution was obtained for 36 coke plants and 46 oil refineries in the US and matched with information on populations surrounding these 82 facilities. These data were analyzed to determine whether environmental inequities were present, whether they were more economic or racial in nature, and whether the racial composition of nearby communities has changed significantly since plants began operations. The Census tracts near coke plants have a disproportionate share of poor and nonwhite residents. Multivariate analyses suggest that existing inequities are primarily economic in nature. The findings for oil refineries are not strongly supportive of the environmental inequity hypothesis. Rank ordering of facilities by race, poverty, and pollution produces limited (although not consistent) evidence that the more risky facilities tend to be operating in communities with above-median proportions of nonwhite residents (near coke plants) and Hispanic residents (near oil refineries). Over time, the radical makeup of many communities near facilities has changed significantly, particularly in the case of coke plants sited in the early 1900s. Further risk-oriented studies of multiple manufacturing facilities in various industrial sectors of the economy are recommended.

  6. An Improvement to a Berezin-Li-Yau type inequality for the Klein-Gordon Operator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yolcu, Selma Yildirim

    2009-01-01

    In this article we improve a lower bound for $\\sum_{j=1}^k\\beta_j$ (a Berezin-Li-Yau type inequality) in [E. M. Harrell II and S. Yildirim Yolcu, Eigenvalue inequalities for Klein-Gordon Operators, J. Funct. Analysis, 256(12) (2009) 3977-3995]. Here $\\beta_j$ denotes the $j$th eigenvalue of the Klein Gordon Hamiltonian $H_{0,\\Omega}=|p|$ when restricted to a bounded set $\\Omega\\subset {\\mathbb R}^n$. $H_{0,\\Omega}$ can also be described as the generator of the Cauchy stochastic process with a killing condition on $\\partial \\Omega$. (cf. [R. Banuelos, T. Kulczycki, Eigenvalue gaps for the Cauchy process and a Poincare inequality, J. Funct. Anal. 211 (2) (2004) 355-423]; [R. Banuelos, T. Kulczycki, The Cauchy process and the Steklov problem, J. Funct. Anal. 234 (2006) 199-225].) To do this, we adapt the proof of Melas ([ A. D. Melas, A lower bound for sums of eigenvalues of the Laplacian, Proceedings of the American Mathematical Society, 131(2) (2002) 631-636]), who improved the estimate for the bound of $\\sum_...

  7. Inequality in Societies, Academic Institutions and Science Journals: Gini and k-indices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghosh, Asim; Chakrabarti, Bikas K

    2014-01-01

    Social inequality is traditionally measured by the Gini-index ($g$). Most of the estimates of the income or wealth data indicate the $g$ value to be widely dispersed across the countries of the world: \\textit{g} values typically range from $0.30$ to $0.65$ at a particular time (year). We estimated similarly the Gini-index for the citations earned by the yearly publications of various academic institutions and the science journals. The ISI web of science data suggests remarkably strong inequality and universality ($g=0.70\\pm0.07$) across all the universities and institutions of the world, while for the journals we find $g=0.65\\pm0.15$ for any typical year. We define a new inequality measure, namely the $k$-index, saying that the cumulative income or citations of ($1-k$) fraction of people or papers exceed those earned by the fraction ($k$) of the people or publications respectively. We find, while the $k$-index value for income ranges from $0.60$ to $0.75$ for income distributions across the world, it has a va...

  8. Wigner's form of the Leggett-Garg inequality, No-Signalling in Time, and Unsharp Measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Debashis Saha; Shiladitya Mal; Prasanta K. Panigrahi; Dipankar Home

    2015-03-04

    Wigner's form of the local realist inequality is used to derive its temporal version for an oscillating two-level system involving two-time joint probabilities. Such an inequality may be regarded as a novel form of the Leggett-Garg inequality (LGI) constituting a necessary condition for macrorealism. The robustness of its quantum mechanical (QM) violation against unsharpness of measurement is investigated by using a suitable model of unsharp measurements. It is found that there exists a range of values of the sharpness parameter (characterizing precision of the relevant measurements) for which the usual LGI is satisfied by QM, but Wigner's form of the LGI (WLGI) is violated. This implies that for such unsharp measurements, the QM violation of macrorealism cannot be tested using the usual LGI, but can be tested using WLGI. In showing this, we take into account the general form of the usual LGI involving an arbitrary number of pairs of two-time correlation functions. Another recently proposed necessary condition for macrorealism, called `no-signalling in time', is also probed, showing that its QM violation persists for arbitrarily unsharp measurements.

  9. On the Design and Analysis of Operator-Splitting Schemes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, Damek

    2015-01-01

    inequalities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .inequalities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .inequalities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

  10. Gas atomized precursor alloy powder for oxide dispersion strengthened ferritic stainless steel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rieken, Joel

    2011-12-13

    Gas atomization reaction synthesis (GARS) was employed as a simplified method for producing precursor powders for oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) ferritic stainless steels (e.g., Fe-Cr-Y-(Ti,Hf)-O), departing from the conventional mechanical alloying (MA) process. During GARS processing a reactive atomization gas (i.e., Ar-O{sub 2}) was used to oxidize the powder surfaces during primary break-up and rapid solidification of the molten alloy. This resulted in envelopment of the powders by an ultra-thin (t < 150 nm) metastable Cr-enriched oxide layer that was used as a vehicle for solid-state transport of O into the consolidated microstructure. In an attempt to better understand the kinetics of this GARS reaction, theoretical cooling curves for the atomized droplets were calculated and used to establish an oxidation model for this process. Subsequent elevated temperature heat treatments, which were derived from Rhines pack measurements using an internal oxidation model, were used to promote thermodynamically driven O exchange reactions between trapped films of the initial Cr-enriched surface oxide and internal Y-enriched intermetallic precipitates. This novel microstructural evolution process resulted in the successful formation of nano-metric Y-enriched dispersoids, as confirmed using high energy X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy (TEM), equivalent to conventional ODS alloys from MA powders. The thermal stability of these Y-enriched dispersoids was evaluated using high temperature (1200°C) annealing treatments ranging from 2.5 to 1,000 hrs of exposure. In a further departure from current ODS practice, replacing Ti with additions of Hf appeared to improve the Y-enriched dispersoid thermal stability by means of crystal structure modification. Additionally, the spatial distribution of the dispersoids was found to depend strongly on the original rapidly solidified microstructure. To exploit this, ODS microstructures were engineered from different powder particle size ranges, illustrating microstructural control as a function of particle solidification rate. The consolidation of ultra-fine powders (dia. ? 5?m) resulted in a significant reduction in dispersoid size and spacing, consistent with initial scanning electron microscopy studies on as-atomized cross-sectioned particles that suggested that these powders solidified above the threshold velocity to effectively solute trap Y within the ?-(Fe,Cr) matrix. Interestingly, when the solidification velocity as a function of particle size was extracted from the aforementioned theoretical particle cooling curves, it could be offered as supporting evidence for these microstructure observations. Thermal-mechanical treatments also were used to create and evaluate the stability of a dislocation substructure within these alloys, using microhardness and TEM analysis of the alloy sub-grain and grain structure. Moreover, elevated temperature tensile tests up to 800°C were used to assess the initial mechanical strength of the ODS microstructure.

  11. Energy-time and frequency-time uncertainty relations: exact inequalities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. V. Dodonov; A. V. Dodonov

    2015-04-03

    We give a short review of known exact inequalities that can be interpreted as "energy-time" and "frequency-time" uncertainty relations. In particular we discuss a precise form of signals minimizing the physical frequency-time uncertainty product. Also, we calculate the "stationarity time" for mixed Gaussian states of a quantum harmonic oscillator, showing explicitly that pure quantum states are "more fragile" than mixed ones with the same value of the energy dispersion. The problems of quantum evolution speed limits, time operators and measurements of energy and time are briefly discussed, too.

  12. A Simply Constrained Optimization Reformulation of KKT Systems Arising from Variational Inequalities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Facchinei, F. Fischer, A. Kanzow, C. Peng, J.-M.

    1999-01-15

    The Karush-Kuhn-Tucker (KKT) conditions can be regarded as optimality conditions for both variational inequalities and constrained optimization problems. In order to overcome some drawbacks of recently proposed reformulations of KKT systems, we propose casting KKT systems as a minimization problem with nonnegativity constraints on some of the variables. We prove that, under fairly mild assumptions, every stationary point of this constrained minimization problem is a solution of the KKT conditions. Based on this reformulation, a new algorithm for the solution of the KKT conditions is suggested and shown to have some strong global and local convergence properties.

  13. Black Hole Enthalpy and an Entropy Inequality for the Thermodynamic Volume

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Cvetic; G. W. Gibbons; D. Kubiznak; C. N. Pope

    2011-04-20

    In a theory where the cosmological constant $\\Lambda$ or the gauge coupling constant $g$ arises as the vacuum expectation value, its variation should be included in the first law of thermodynamics for black holes. This becomes $dE= TdS + \\Omega_i dJ_i + \\Phi_\\alpha d Q_\\alpha + \\Theta d \\Lambda$, where $E$ is now the enthalpy of the spacetime, and $\\Theta$, the thermodynamic conjugate of $\\Lambda$, is proportional to an effective volume $V = -\\frac{16 \\pi \\Theta}{D-2}$ "inside the event horizon." Here we calculate $\\Theta$ and $V$ for a wide variety of $D$-dimensional charged rotating asymptotically AdS black hole spacetimes, using the first law or the Smarr relation. We compare our expressions with those obtained by implementing a suggestion of Kastor, Ray and Traschen, involving Komar integrals and Killing potentials, which we construct from conformal Killing-Yano tensors. We conjecture that the volume $V$ and the horizon area $A$ satisfy the inequality $R\\equiv ((D-1)V/{\\cal A}_{D-2})^{1/(D-1)}\\, ({\\cal A}_{D-2}/A)^{1/(D-2)}\\ge1$, where ${\\cal A}_{D-2}$ is the volume of the unit $(D-2)$-sphere, and we show that this is obeyed for a wide variety of black holes, and saturated for Schwarzschild-AdS. Intriguingly, this inequality is the "inverse" of the isoperimetric inequality for a volume $V$ in Euclidean $(D-1)$ space bounded by a surface of area $A$, for which $R\\le 1$. Our conjectured {\\it Reverse Isoperimetric Inequality} can be interpreted as the statement that the entropy inside a horizon of a given "volume" $V$ is maximised for Schwarzschild-AdS. The thermodynamic definition of $V$ requires a cosmological constant (or gauge coupling constant). However, except in 7 dimensions, a smooth limit exists where $\\Lambda$ or $g$ goes to zero, providing a definition of $V$ even for asymptotically-flat black holes.

  14. Virtual water transfers unlikely to redress inequality in global water use This article has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll down to see the full text article.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pace, Michael L.

    Virtual water transfers unlikely to redress inequality in global water use This article has been) 024017 (6pp) doi:10.1088/1748-9326/6/2/024017 Virtual water transfers unlikely to redress inequality in global water use D A Seekell, P D'Odorico and M L Pace Department of Environmental Sciences, University

  15. Hybrid quantum logic and a test of Bell's inequality using two different atomic species

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ballance, C J; Home, J P; Szwer, D J; Webster, S C; Allcock, D T C; Linke, N M; Harty, T P; Craik, D P L Aude; Stacey, D N; Steane, A M; Lucas, D M

    2015-01-01

    Entanglement is one of the most fundamental properties of quantum mechanics, and is the key resource for quantum information processing. Bipartite entangled states of identical particles have been generated and studied in several experiments, and post-selected entangled states involving pairs of photons, or single photons and single atoms, have also been produced. Here, we deterministically generate a "hybrid" entangled state of two different species of trapped-ion qubit, perform full tomography of the state produced, and make the first test of Bell's inequality with non-identical atoms. We use a laser-driven two-qubit quantum logic gate, whose mechanism is insensitive to the qubits' energy splittings, to produce a maximally-entangled state of one Ca40 qubit and one Ca43 qubit, held in the same ion trap, with 99.8(5)% fidelity. We make a test of Bell's inequality for this novel entangled state, and find that it is violated by 15 sigma. Mixed-species quantum logic is an essential technique for the construction...

  16. Parameters identification in strain-rate and thermal sensitive visco-plastic material model for an alumina dispersion strengthened copper

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scapin, M; Peroni, M

    2011-01-01

    The main objective of this paper is getting strain-hardening, thermal and strain-rate parameters for a material model in order to correctly reproduce the deformation process that occurs in high strain-rate scenario, in which the material reaches also high levels of plastic deformation and temperature. In particular, in this work the numerical inverse method is applied to extract material strength parameters from experimental data obtained via mechanical tests at different strain-rates (from quasi-static loading to high strain-rate) and temperatures (between 20 C and 1000 C) for an alumina dispersion strengthened copper material, which commercial name is GLIDCOP. Thanks to its properties GLIDCOP finds several applications in particle accelerator technologies, where problems of thermal management, combined with structural requirements, play a key role. Currently, it is used for the construction of structural and functional parts of the particle beam collimation system. Since the extreme condition in which the m...

  17. Experimental loophole-free violation of a Bell inequality using entangled electron spins separated by 1.3 km

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Hensen; H. Bernien; A. E. Dréau; A. Reiserer; N. Kalb; M. S. Blok; J. Ruitenberg; R. F. L. Vermeulen; R. N. Schouten; C. Abellán; W. Amaya; V. Pruneri; M. W. Mitchell; M. Markham; D. J. Twitchen; D. Elkouss; S. Wehner; T. H. Taminiau; R. Hanson

    2015-08-24

    For more than 80 years, the counterintuitive predictions of quantum theory have stimulated debate about the nature of reality. In his seminal work, John Bell proved that no theory of nature that obeys locality and realism can reproduce all the predictions of quantum theory. Bell showed that in any local realist theory the correlations between distant measurements satisfy an inequality and, moreover, that this inequality can be violated according to quantum theory. This provided a recipe for experimental tests of the fundamental principles underlying the laws of nature. In the past decades, numerous ingenious Bell inequality tests have been reported. However, because of experimental limitations, all experiments to date required additional assumptions to obtain a contradiction with local realism, resulting in loopholes. Here we report on a Bell experiment that is free of any such additional assumption and thus directly tests the principles underlying Bell's inequality. We employ an event-ready scheme that enables the generation of high-fidelity entanglement between distant electron spins. Efficient spin readout avoids the fair sampling assumption (detection loophole), while the use of fast random basis selection and readout combined with a spatial separation of 1.3 km ensure the required locality conditions. We perform 245 trials testing the CHSH-Bell inequality $S \\leq 2$ and find $S = 2.42 \\pm 0.20$. A null hypothesis test yields a probability of $p = 0.039$ that a local-realist model for space-like separated sites produces data with a violation at least as large as observed, even when allowing for memory in the devices. This result rules out large classes of local realist theories, and paves the way for implementing device-independent quantum-secure communication and randomness certification.

  18. STANFORD, KIRK ALAN. Strengthening of Steel Structures with High Modulus Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymers (CFRP) Materials: Bond and Development Length Study.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . The current research program proposed the use of a new high modulus carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP Structures with High Modulus Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymers (CFRP) Materials: Bond and Development LengthABSTRACT STANFORD, KIRK ALAN. Strengthening of Steel Structures with High Modulus Carbon Fiber

  19. Clean Energy Jobs at the Union of Concerned Scientists Do you want to protect and strengthen EPA's authority to regulate carbon from power

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bohnhoff, David

    Clean Energy Jobs at the Union of Concerned Scientists Do you want to protect and strengthen EPA states and nationally as a key pathway to reducing carbon emissions? The Energy team at the Union? Energy Research Associate (Cambridge, MA): Assist with research and analysis in support of a team

  20. OBREGON-SALINAS, ADOLFO JAVIER. Use of Grancrete as Adhesive for Strengthening Reinforced Concrete Structures. (Under the direction of Dr. Sami H. Rizkalla.)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ABSTRACT OBREGON-SALINAS, ADOLFO JAVIER. Use of Grancrete as Adhesive for Strengthening Reinforced an experimental program to evaluate the effectiveness of using Grancrete paste as adhesive for externally bonded paste used as adhesive for different types of fibers to concrete #12;substrata using the direct tension

  1. Characterization of Residual Stress as a Function of Friction Stir Welding Parameters in Oxide Dispersion Strengthened (ODS) Steel MA956

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Brewer, Luke N.; Bennett, Martin S.; Baker, B. W.; Payzant, E. Andrew; Kolbus, Lindsay M.

    2015-09-08

    This article characterizes the residual stresses generated by friction stir welding of oxide dispersion strengthened steel MA956 over a series of welding conditions. A plate of MA956 steel was friction stir welded at three conditions: 500 rpm/25 millimeters per minute (mmpm), 400 rpm/50 mmpm and 400 rpm/100 mmpm. The residual stresses across these welds were measured using both x-ray and neutron diffraction techniques. Longitudinal residual stresses up to eighty percent of the yield strength were observed for the 400 rpm/100 mmpm condition. Increasing the traverse rate while holding the rotational speed fixed increased the residual stress levels in the stirmore »zone and at the stir zone-thermomechanically affected zone interface. The stress profiles displayed the characteristic M shape, and the asymmetry between advancing and retreating stress peaks was limited, occurring mainly on the root side of the weld. The large magnitude of the stresses was maintained throughout the thickness of the plates.« less

  2. Deformation mechanisms in a precipitation-strengthened ferritic super alloy revealed by in situ neutron dffraction studies at elevated temperatures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huang, Shenyan; Gao, Yanfei; An, Ke; Zheng, Lili; Teng, Zhenke; Wu, Wei; Liaw, Peter K.

    2015-01-01

    The ferritic superalloy Fe–10Ni–6.5Al–10Cr–3.4Mo strengthened by ordered (Ni,Fe)AlB2-type precipitates is a candidate material for ultra-supercritical steam turbine applications above 923 K. Despite earlier success in improving its room-temperature ductility, the creep resistance of this material at high temperatures needs to be further improved, which requires a fundamental understanding of the high-temperature deformation mechanisms at the scales of individual phases and grains. In situ neutron diffraction has been utilized to investigate the lattice strain evolution and the microscopic load-sharing mechanisms during tensile deformation of this ferritic superalloy at elevated temperatures. Finite-element simulations based on the crystal plasticity theory are employed and compared with the experimental results, both qualitatively and quantitatively. Based on these interphase and intergranular load-partitioning studies, it is found that the deformation mechanisms change from dislocation slip to those related to dislocation climb, diffusional flow and possibly grain boundary sliding, below and above 873 K, respectively. Insights into microstructural design for enhancing creep resistance are also discussed.

  3. Isoperimetric inequalities for wave fronts and a generalization of Menzin's conjecture for bicycle monodromy on surfaces of constant curvature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howe, Sean; Zakharevich, Valentin

    2009-01-01

    We prove generalizations of the isoperimetric inequality for both spherical and hyperbolic wave fronts (i.e. piecewise smooth curves which may have cusps). We then discuss "bicycle curves" using the generalized isoperimetric inequalities. The euclidean model of a bicycle is a unit segment AB that can move so that it remains tangent to the trajectory of point A (the rear wheel is fixed on the bicycle frame). We extend this definition to a general Riemannian manifold, and concern ourselves in particular with bicycle curves in the hyperbolic plane H^2 and on the sphere S^2. We prove results along the lines of those proven by Levi and Tabachnikov and resolve both spherical and hyperbolic versions of Menzin's conjecture, which relates the area bounded by a curve to its associated monodromy map.

  4. Strengthening Building Retrofit Markets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Templeton, Mary; Jackson, Robert

    2014-04-15

    The Business Energy Financing (BEF) program offered commercial businesses in Michigan affordable financing options and other incentives designed to support energy efficiency improvements. We worked through partnerships with Michigan utilities, lenders, building contractors, trade associations, and other community organizations to offer competitive interest rates and flexible financing terms to support energy efficiency projects that otherwise would not have happened. The BEF program targeted the retail food market, including restaurants, grocery stores, convenience stores, and wholesale food vendors, with the goal of achieving energy efficiency retrofits for 2 percent of the target market. We offered low interest rates, flexible payments, easy applications and approval processes, and access to other incentives and rebates. Through these efforts, we sought to help customers strive for energy savings retrofits that would save 20 percent or more on their energy use. This program helped Michigan businesses reduce costs by financing energy efficient lighting, heating and cooling systems, insulation, refrigeration, equipment upgrades, and more. Businesses completed the upgrades with the help of our authorized contractors, and, through our lending partners, we provided affordable financing options.

  5. Dispersion strengthened copper

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sheinberg, Haskell (Los Alamos, NM); Meek, Thomas T. (Knoxville, TN); Blake, Rodger D. (Santa Fe, NM)

    1990-01-01

    A composition of matter comprised of copper and particles which are dispersed throughout the copper, where the particles are comprised of copper oxide and copper having a coating of copper oxide, and a method for making this composition of matter.

  6. Dispersion strengthened copper

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sheinberg, Haskell (Los Alamos, NM); Meek, Thomas T. (Knoxville, TN); Blake, Rodger D. (Santa Fe, NM)

    1989-01-01

    A composition of matter comprised of copper and particles which are dispersed throughout the copper, where the particles are comprised of copper oxide and copper having a coating of copper oxide, and a method for making this composition of matter.

  7. Strengthening Global Security

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effect Photovoltaics -7541C.3X-rays3

  8. Strengthening Cyber Security

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OF APPLICABLEStatutory Authority for an SPRDepartment ofPrograms Division, OAPME

  9. Loss-tolerant hybrid measurement test of CHSH inequality with weakly amplified N00N states

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Falk Töppel; Magdalena Stobi?ska

    2015-02-18

    Although our understanding of Bell's theorem and experimental techniques to test it have improved over the last 40 years, thus far all Bell tests have suffered at least from the detection or the locality loophole. Most photonic Bell tests rely on inefficient discrete-outcome measurements, often provided by photon counting detection. One possible way to close the detection loophole in photonic Bell tests is to involve efficient continuous-variable measurements instead, such as homodyne detection. Here, we propose a test of the Clauser-Horne-Shimony-Holt (CHSH) inequality that applies photon counting and homodyne detection on weakly amplified two-photon N00N states. The scheme suggested is remarkably robust against experimental imperfections and suits the limits of current technology. As amplified quantum states are considered, our work also contributes to the exploration of entangled macroscopic quantum systems. Further, it may constitute an alternative platform for a loophole-free Bell test, which is also important for quantum-technological applications.

  10. Black Hole Enthalpy and an Entropy Inequality for the Thermodynamic Volume

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cvetic, M; Kubiznak, D; Pope, C N

    2010-01-01

    In a theory where the cosmological constant \\Lambda or the gauge coupling constant g arises as the vacuum expectation value, its variation should be included in the first law of thermodynamics for black holes. This becomes dE= TdS + \\Omega_i dJ_i + \\Phi_\\alpha d Q_\\alpha + \\Theta d \\Lambda, where E is now the enthalpy of the spacetime, and \\Theta, the thermodynamic conjugate of \\Lambda, is proportional to an effective volume V = -\\frac{16 \\pi \\Theta}{D-2} "inside the event horizon." Here we calculate \\Theta and V for a wide variety of D-dimensional charged rotating asymptotically AdS black hole spacetimes, using the first law or the Smarr relation. We compare our expressions with those obtained by implementing a suggestion of Kastor, Ray and Traschen, involving Komar integrals and Killing potentials, which we construct from conformal Killing-Yano tensors. We conjecture that the volume V and the horizon area A satisfy the inequality R\\equiv ((D-1)V/{\\cal A}_{D-2})^{1/(D-1)}\\, ({\\cal A}_{D-2}/A)^{1/(D-2)}\\ge1, ...

  11. Democratization: Perspectives From Global Citizenries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shin, Doh Chull

    2006-01-01

    31 (3): 447-474. Bratton, M. , R. Mattes, and E. Gyimah-Working Paper 19. Bratton, M. , and R. Mattes. 2001. SupportMaryland. Mattes, R. , and M. Bratton. 2003. Learning about

  12. Democratization: Perspectives From Global Citizenries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shin, Doh Chull

    2006-01-01

    and Markets around the Pacific Rim, ed. R. Dalton and D.Markets around the Pacific Rim. Oxford: Oxford University

  13. Generalized Tsirelson Inequalities, Commuting-Operator Provers, and Multi-Prover Interactive Proof Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tsuyoshi Ito; Hirotada Kobayashi; Daniel Preda; Xiaoming Sun; Andrew C. -C. Yao

    2008-04-11

    A central question in quantum information theory and computational complexity is how powerful nonlocal strategies are in cooperative games with imperfect information, such as multi-prover interactive proof systems. This paper develops a new method for proving limits of nonlocal strategies that make use of prior entanglement among players (or, provers, in the terminology of multi-prover interactive proofs). Instead of proving the limits for usual isolated provers who initially share entanglement, this paper proves the limits for "commuting-operator provers", who share private space, but can apply only such operators that are commutative with any operator applied by other provers. Commuting-operator provers are at least as powerful as usual isolated but prior-entangled provers, and thus, limits for commuting-operator provers immediately give limits for usual entangled provers. Using this method, we obtain an n-party generalization of the Tsirelson bound for the Clauser-Horne- Shimony-Holt inequality for every n. Our bounds are tight in the sense that, in every n-party case, the equality is achievable by a usual nonlocal strategy with prior entanglement. We also apply our method to a 3-prover 1-round binary interactive proof for NEXP. Combined with the technique developed by Kempe, Kobayashi, Matsumoto, Toner and Vidick to analyze the soundness of the proof system, it is proved to be NP-hard to distinguish whether the entangled value of a 3-prover 1-round binary-answer game is equal to 1 or at most 1-1/p(n) for some polynomial p, where n is the number of questions. This is in contrast to the 2-prover 1-round binary-answer case, where the corresponding problem is efficiently decidable. Alternatively, NEXP has a 3-prover 1-round binary interactive proof system with perfect completeness and soundness 1-2^{-poly}.

  14. Generation of polarization entangled photon pairs and violation of Bell's inequality using spontaneous four-wave mixing in fiber loop

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hiroki Takesue; Kyo Inoue

    2004-08-05

    We report the generation of polarization entangled photon pairs in the 1550-nm wavelength band using spontaneous four-wave mixing in a dispersion-shifted fiber loop. The use of the fiber-loop configuration made it possible to generate polarization entangled states very stably. With accidental coincidences subtracted, we obtained coincidence fringes with >90 % visibilities, and observed a violation of Bell's inequality by seven standard deviations. We also confirmed the preservation of the quantum correlation between the photons even after they had been separated by 20 km of optical fiber.

  15. Bell's Inequality and Universal Quantum Gates in a Cold-Atom Chiral Fermionic p-Wave Superfluid

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang Chuanwei; Tewari, Sumanta; Das Sarma, S.

    2007-11-30

    We propose and analyze a probabilistic scheme to entangle two spatially separated topological qubits in a p{sub x}+ip{sub y} superfluid using controlled collisions between atoms in movable dipole traps and unpaired atoms inside vortex cores in the superfluid. We discuss how to test the violation of Bell's inequality with the generated entanglement. A set of universal quantum gates is shown to be implementable deterministically using the entanglement despite the fact that the entangled states can be created only probabilistically.

  16. GHZ-type and W-type entangled coherent states: generation and Bell-type inequality tests without photon counting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hyunseok Jeong; Nguyen Ba An

    2006-07-12

    We study GHZ-type and W-type three-mode entangled coherent states. Both the types of entangled coherent states violate Mermin's version of the Bell inequality with threshold photon detection (i.e., without photon counting). Such an experiment can be performed using linear optics elements and threshold detectors with significant Bell violations for GHZ-type entangled coherent states. However, to demonstrate Bell-type inequality violations for W-type entangled coherent states, additional nonlinear interactions are needed. We also propose an optical scheme to generate W-type entangled coherent states in free-traveling optical fields. The required resources for the generation are a single-photon source, a coherent state source, beam splitters, phase shifters, photodetectors, and Kerr nonlinearities. Our scheme does not necessarily require strong Kerr nonlinear interactions, i.e., weak nonlinearities can be used for the generation of the W-type entangled coherent states. Furthermore, it is also robust against inefficiencies of the single-photon source and the photon detectors.

  17. Progress in the R and D Project on Oxide Dispersion Strengthened and Precipitation Hardened Ferritic Steels for Sodium Cooled Fast Breeder Reactor Fuels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kaito, Takeji; Ohtsuka, Satoshi; Inoue, Masaki

    2007-07-01

    High burnup capability of sodium cooled fast breeder reactor (SFR) fuels depends significantly on irradiation performance of their component materials. Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has been developing oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) ferritic steels and a precipitation hardened (PH) ferritic steel as the most prospective materials for fuel pin cladding and duct tubes, respectively. Technology for small-scale manufacturing is already established, and several hundreds of ODS steel cladding tubes and dozens of PH steel duct tubes were successfully produced. We will step forward to develop manufacturing technology for mass production to supply these steels for future SFR fuels. Mechanical properties of the products were examined by out-of-pile and in-pile tests including material irradiation tests in the experimental fast reactor JOYO and foreign fast reactors. The material strength standards (MSSs) were tentatively compiled in 2005 for ODS steels and in 1993 for PH steel. In order to upgrade the MSSs and to demonstrate high burnup capability of the materials, we will perform a series of irradiation tests in BOR-60 and JOYO until 2015 and contribute to design study for a demonstration SFR of which operation is expected after 2025. (authors)

  18. Seven principles for strengthening research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rambaut, Andrew

    Interventions of Poverty-related Diseases (NACCAP) African Poverty-related Infection Oriented Research

  19. Fluid pressure arrival time tomography: Estimation and assessment in the presence of inequality constraints, with an application to a producing gas field at Krechba, Algeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rucci, A.; Vasco, D.W.; Novali, F.

    2010-04-01

    Deformation in the overburden proves useful in deducing spatial and temporal changes in the volume of a producing reservoir. Based upon these changes we estimate diffusive travel times associated with the transient flow due to production, and then, as the solution of a linear inverse problem, the effective permeability of the reservoir. An advantage an approach based upon travel times, as opposed to one based upon the amplitude of surface deformation, is that it is much less sensitive to the exact geomechanical properties of the reservoir and overburden. Inequalities constrain the inversion, under the assumption that the fluid production only results in pore volume decreases within the reservoir. We apply the formulation to satellite-based estimates of deformation in the material overlying a thin gas production zone at the Krechba field in Algeria. The peak displacement after three years of gas production is approximately 0.5 cm, overlying the eastern margin of the anticlinal structure defining the gas field. Using data from 15 irregularly-spaced images of range change, we calculate the diffusive travel times associated with the startup of a gas production well. The inequality constraints are incorporated into the estimates of model parameter resolution and covariance, improving the resolution by roughly 30 to 40%.

  20. H.R. 1126: A Bill to strengthen and improve the pipeline safety provisions of chapter 601 of title 49, United States Code, and for other purposes. Introduced in the House of Representatives, One Hundred Fourth Congress, First Session, March 3, 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-12-31

    The report H.R. 1126 is a bill to strengthen and improve the pipeline safety provisions of chapter 601 of title 49, United Stated Code. The proposed legislative text is included.

  1. Support for the Democratic Process in Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bartolomé Peral, Edurne

    2008-01-01

    Sweden Switzerland Turkey Ukraine Source: European SocialBelgium A Spain A France A Ukraine A Czech Republic SloveniaPoland Slovakia A A Hungary A Ukraine Portugal A support for

  2. Vote Buying and Accountability in Democratic Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kramon, Eric

    2013-01-01

    Agriculture Education Electricity Health Roads Water Vote2010. Electricity Agriculture Roads Water Health Educationwith Electricity Share with No Formal Education Primary

  3. Democratic Group Signatures with Threshold Traceability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    of disputes the identity of the signer can be discovered by a designated group authority(group manager). Group are not ap- plicable to the following scenario[19]. In the presence of economic globalization joint venture ventures companies form strategic al- liances that help them to enter new economic markets and further

  4. Dictators, democrats, and development in Nigeria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LeVan, Arthur Carl

    2007-01-01

    increasing the number of political actors contributes toincreasing the number of political actors contributes toon the actual capacity of political actors and their actual

  5. Vote Buying and Accountability in Democratic Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kramon, Eric

    2013-01-01

    Africa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66Clientelism and the Quality of Democracy in Africa . . . .Africa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

  6. Dictators, democrats, and development in Nigeria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LeVan, Arthur Carl

    2007-01-01

    Character and Federalism in Nigeria. Ed. Ekeh, Peter P. andas Emergent Power Factor in Nigeria. Ibadan: Heinemann.rule in southeastern Nigeria, 1891- 1929. London: Longman.

  7. Democratic Transition and Political Violence in Nigeria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Obadare, Ebenezer

    1999-01-05

    Des temps coloniaux à nos jours, l'activité politique a toujours été accompagnée d'un certain niveau de violence au Nigeria. Les deux tentatives d'instauration de la démocratie civile durant la première et seconde républiques se sont soldées par un...

  8. COLLOQUIUM: From Democratic Consensus to Cannibalistic Hordes...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the coupling between spatial and information dynamics in groups and reveal that emergent problem solving is the predominant mechanism by which mobile animal groups sense, and...

  9. Vote Buying and Accountability in Democratic Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kramon, Eric

    2013-01-01

    study of cousinage in Mali. American Political Sciencemoros, Ethiopia, Malawi, Mali, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Togo,Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Namibia,

  10. Superstring field theory in the democratic picture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michael Kroyter

    2010-11-04

    We present a new open superstring field theory, whose string fields carry an arbitrary picture number and reside in the large Hilbert space. The redundancy related to picture number is resolved by treating picture changing as a gauge transformation. A mid-point insertion is imperative for this formalism. We find that this mid-point insertion must include all multi-picture changing operators. It is also proven that this insertion as well as all the multi-picture changing operators are zero weight conformal primaries. This new theory solves the problems with the Ramond sector shared by other RNS string field theories, while naturally unifying the NS and Ramond string fields. When partially gauge fixed, it reduces in the NS sector to the modified cubic superstring field theory. Hence, it shares all the good properties of this theory, e.g., it has analytical vacuum and marginal deformation solutions. Treating the redundant gauge symmetry using the BV formalism is straightforward and results in a cubic action with a single string field, whose quantum numbers are unconstrained. The generalization to an arbitrary brane system is simple and includes the standard Chan-Paton factors and the most general string field consistent with the brane system.

  11. Support for the Democratic Process in Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bartolomé Peral, Edurne

    2008-01-01

    evaluations, such economic evaluations and their personalthe effect of the economic evaluation seems to be crucialon short term evaluations, especially economic performance,

  12. Democratic Institutions and Provision of Public Good

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saha, Sarani

    2007-01-01

    2003. [3] R. T. Deacon and S. Saha. Public Good Provision byof a Public Good Sarani Saha PhD Candidate Donald Brenof a Public Good Sarani Saha PhD Candidate Donald Bren

  13. Computational Design and Prototype Evaluation of Aluminide-Strengthened Ferritic Superalloys for Power-Generating Turbine Applications up to 1,033 K

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peter Liaw; Gautam Ghosh; Mark Asta; Morris Fine; Chain Liu

    2010-04-30

    The objective of the proposed research is to utilize modern computational tools, integrated with focused experiments, to design innovative ferritic NiAl-strengthened superalloys for fossil-energy applications at temperatures up to 1,033 K. Specifically, the computational alloy design aims toward (1) a steady-state creep rate of approximately 3 x 10{sup -11} s{sup -1} at a temperature of 1,033 K and a stress level of 35 MPa, (2) a ductility of 10% at room temperature, and (3) good oxidation and corrosion resistance at 1,033 K. The research yielded many outstanding research results, including (1) impurity-diffusion coefficients in {alpha} Fe have been calculated by first principles for a variety of solute species; (2) the precipitates were characterized by the transmission-electron microscopy (TEM) and analytical-electron microscopy (AEM), and the elemental partitioning has been determined; (3) a bending ductility of more than 5% has been achieved in the unrolled materials; and (4) optimal compositions with minimal secondary creep rates at 973 K have been determined. Impurity diffusivities in {alpha} Fe have been calculated within the formalisms of a harmonic transition-state theory and Le Claire nine-frequency model for vacancy-mediated diffusion. Calculated diffusion coefficients for Mo and W impurities are comparable to or larger than that for Fe self-diffusion. Calculated activation energies for Ta and Hf impurities suggest that these solutes should display impurity-diffusion coefficients larger than that for self-diffusion in the body-centered cubic Fe. Preliminary mechanical-property studies identified the alloy Fe-6.5Al-10Ni-10Cr-3.4Mo-0.25Zr-0.005B (FBB-8) in weight percent (wt.%) for detailed investigations. This alloy shows precipitation of NiAl particles with an average diameter of 130 nm. In conjunction with the computational alloy design, selected experiments are performed to investigate the effect of the Al content on the ductility and creep of prototype Fe-Ni-Cr-Al-Mo alloys. Three-point-bending experiments show that alloys containing more than 5 wt.% Al exhibit poor ductility (< 2%) at room temperature, and their fracture mode is predominantly of a cleavage type. Two major factors governing the poor ductility are (1) the volume fraction of NiAl-type precipitates, and (2) the Al content in the {alpha}-Fe matrix. A bend ductility of more than 5% can be achieved by lowering the Al concentration to 3 wt.% in the alloy. The alloy containing about 6.5 wt.% Al is found to have an optimal combination of hardness, ductility, and minimal creep rate at 973 K. A high volume fraction of precipitates is responsible for the good creep resistance by effectively resisting the dislocation motion through Orowan-bowing and dislocation-climb mechanisms. The effects of stress on the creep rate have been studied. With the threshold-stress compensation, the stress exponent is determined to be 4, indicating power-law dislocation creep. The threshold stress is in the range of 40-53 MPa. The addition of W can significantly reduce the secondary creep rates. Compared to other candidates for steam-turbine applications, FBB-8 does not show superior creep resistance at high stresses (> 100 MPa), but exhibit superior creep resistance at low stresses (< 60 MPa).

  14. Nanotechnology Now -Press Release: "Sandia and UNM lead effort to destroy cancers: Boosting medicine with nanotechnology strengthens drug cocktail many times over" http://www.nanotech-now.com/news.cgi?story_id=42258[4/21/2011 11:23:41 AM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brinker, C. Jeffrey

    Nanotechnology Now - Press Release: "Sandia and UNM lead effort to destroy cancers: Boosting medicine with nanotechnology strengthens drug cocktail many times over" http://www.nanotech-now.com/news.cgi?story_id=42258[4/21/2011 11:23:41 AM] About Us Nanotechnology News Columns Products Directories Career Center

  15. Directional Recrystallisation in Dispersion Strengthened Alloys

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baloch, Muhammad Moazam

    1989-12-12

    in aircraft gas turbines in large quantities will require an enormous amount of research before the alloys are taken seriously. However, they are already used commercially for combustion chamber components and as guide-vane materials (Crowford, 1983). 1... are promising candidates for use in components in some of hotter parts of the gas turbines. There are, essentially, two major classes of gas turbines: aircraft engines and industrial ground based gas turbines. Industrial gas turbines are much larger than...

  16. Strengthening Line Management Oversight and Federal Monitoring...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    hazard controls based on preliminary hazards analyses and DBA Preliminary assessment of the appropriate seismic design basis (seismic design category and limit state)...

  17. Strengthening Line Management Oversight and Federal Monitoring...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    and Decommissioning EG Evaluation Guideline EPHA Emergency Planning Hazards Assessment EPP Emergency Preparedness Plan FHA Fire Hazard Analysis HA Hazard Analysis ICRP...

  18. Submission on "Preliminary Proposals for Strengthening

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Po, Lai-Man

    of electronic transmission for copyright works, with related criminal sanctions against the breach of this right) if a school has to comply with the code of practice such as keeping access records. (d) Continue to rely new criminal liability pertaining to unauthorised downloading and peer-to-peer (P2P) file

  19. ORIGINAL PAPER Structural Assessment of Externally Strengthened

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyer, Christian

    with carbon fiber sheets, glass fiber sheets or steel plates is compared. And the theoretical load carrying member, such as steel plate or fiber-reinforced polymer plastic [7­16]. Steel plate was most commonly materials as an alternative to steel plate. Carbon fiber sheets and glass fiber sheets woven in one

  20. Strengthening Tribal Communities, Sustaining Future Generations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2015-09-01

    The DOE Office of Indian Energy brochure is an overview of the program and highlights education and capacity building, technical assistance, and resources to Indian Tribes and Alaska Native villages.

  1. Recent NIST Activities to Strengthen Forensic Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    official time for the U.S. #12;Types of Standards documentary (technical) standards physical (measurement-administered effort dedicated to identifying and developing technically sound, consensus-based documentary standards Assistant to the Director for Forensic Science National Institute of Standards and Technology Gaithersburg

  2. ORISE: Helping Strengthen Emergency Response Capabilities for...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    capabilities through a variety of exercises, from tabletop training to full-scale drills. ORISE supports emergency response needs across multiple disciplines, including the...

  3. Strengthening Line Management Oversight and Federal Monitoring...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    B, 830.204, Documented Safety Analysis 3. DOE O 430.1B, Chg 2, Real Property and Asset Management, September 2003 4. DOE G 430.1-2, Implementation Guide for Surveillance...

  4. Strengthening Line Management Oversight and Federal Monitoring...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Plan Volume 5 Nuclear Safety Basis Program Review of TSRs, USQs and SERs Facility Life Cycle Applicability CD-1 CD-2 CD-3 CD-4 Operations and Transitions Decommissioning &...

  5. Strengthening Line Management Oversight and Federal Monitoring...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    1 Nuclear Safety Basis Program Review Overview and Management Oversight Facility Life Cycle Applicability CD-1 CD-2 CD-3 CD-4 Operations and Transitions Decommissioning &...

  6. Strengthening the Workforce in Better Buildings Neighborhoods

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Sperling, Gil; Adams, Cynthia; Fiori, Laura; Penzkover, Dave; Wood, Danny; Farris, Joshua

    2013-05-29

    The Better Buildings Neighborhood Program is supporting an expanding energy efficiency workforce upgrading buildings in communities around the country. Contractors are being trained and have access to additional job opportunities, spurring local economic growth while helping Americans use less energy, save money, and be more comfortable in their homes and other buildings.

  7. Oxide strengthened molybdenum-rhenium alloy

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bianco, Robert (Cleveland, OH); Buckman, Jr., R. William (Pittsburgh, PA)

    2000-01-01

    Provided is a method of making an ODS molybdenum-rhenium alloy which includes the steps of: (a) forming a slurry containing molybdenum oxide and a metal salt dispersed in an aqueous medium, the metal salt being selected from nitrates or acetates of lanthanum, cerium or thorium; (b) heating the slurry in the presence of hydrogen to form a molybdenum powder comprising molybdenum and an oxide of the metal salt; (c) mixing rhenium powder with the molybdenum powder to form a molybdenum-rhenium powder; (d) pressing the molybdenum-rhenium powder to form a molybdenum-rhenium compact; (e) sintering the molybdenum-rhenium compact in hydrogen or under a vacuum to form a molybdenum-rhenium ingot; and (f) compacting the molybdenum-rhenium ingot to reduce the cross-sectional area of the molybdenum-rhenium ingot and form a molybdenum-rhenium alloy containing said metal oxide. The present invention also provides an ODS molybdenum-rhenium alloy made by the method. A preferred Mo--Re-ODS alloy contains 7-14 weight % rhenium and 2-4 volume % lanthanum oxide.

  8. DOE Strengthens Collaboration at Intergovernmental Meeting

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    NEW ORLEANS – EM and stakeholders met to discuss and collaborate on issues impacting nuclear cleanup across the complex. More than 150 people traveled to New Orleans for the 11th combined Intergovernmental Meeting with the DOE.

  9. Strengthening the Loan Program | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    and funded the program. The report makes clear that the Department was operating under Congressional requirements to provide loans to projects that would have trouble obtaining...

  10. Strengthening Line Management Oversight and Federal Monitoring...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    environmental, or nuclear safety; engineering disciplines, including civil, structural, mechanical, electrical, instrumentation and control, piping, and fire protection; and...

  11. Strengthening in Gold Nanopillars with Nanoscale Twins

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sansoz, Frederic

    *, Physics Department, The UniVersity of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont 05405, and School of Engineering, The UniVersity of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont 05405 Received April 23, 2007; Revised Manuscript Received

  12. UC Santa Cruz strengthens the educational, economic,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    to preserve our fragile ocean ecosystem on behalf of all who rely on the coastal zone. instrumental farmers at the Center for Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems. Mentor central coast strawberry

  13. UC Santa Cruz strengthens the educational, economic,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    CUltUre Through the Center for Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems at UC Santa Cruz, collaborative research" purchasing policy in campus dining halls with the goal of 40% of all purchases being "real food" by 2020 Cruz works to understand and preserve our fragile ocean ecosystem on behalf of all who rely

  14. Strengthening northern New Mexico's tribal economies

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effect Photovoltaics -7541C.3X-rays3Energy U.S. Leadership in

  15. Strengthening Cyber Security | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Financing ToolInternational Affairs, Before the CommitteeYears 2003 - 2008 U . S . D e p a

  16. Strengthening Tribal Communities, Sustaining Future Generations

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Financing ToolInternational Affairs, Before the CommitteeYears 2003 - 2008 U . S . D e pOffice of

  17. Strengthening the Loan Program | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann JacksonDepartment ofOffice|inWestMayBuilding K-25KyleEnergy January 7,25,Damien LaVera

  18. Characterization and comparative analysis of the tensile properties of five tempered martensitic steels and an oxide dispersion strengthened ferritic alloy irradiated at ?295 °C to ?6.5 dpa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Maloy, Stuart A.; Saleh, Tarik A.; Anderoglu, Osman; Romero, Tobias J.; Odette, G. Robert; Yamamoto, Takuya; Li, S.; Cole, James I.; Fielding, Randall

    2015-08-06

    Tensile test results at 25 and 300 °C on five 9-12Cr tempered martensitic steels and one 14Cr oxide dispersion strengthened alloy, that were side-by side irradiated to 6.5 dpa at 295 °C in the Advanced Test Reactor (ATR), are reported. The engineering stress–strain curves are analyzed to provide true stress–strain constitutive ?(?) laws for all of these alloys. In the irradiated condition, the ?(?) fall into categories of: strain softening, nearly perfectly plastic and strain hardening. Increases in yield stress (??y) and reductions in uniform strain ductility (eu) are observed, where as the latter can be understood in terms of the alloy's ?(?) behavior. Increases in the average ?(?) in the range of 0–10% strain are smaller than the corresponding ??y, and vary more from alloy to alloy. The data are analyzed to establish relations between ??y and coupled changes in the ultimate stresses as well as the effects of both test temperature and the unirradiated yield stress (?yu). The latter shows that higher ?yu correlates with lower ??y. In five out of six cases the effects of irradiation are generally consistent with previous observations on these alloys. However, the particular heat of the 12Cr HT-9 tempered martensitic steel in this study has a much higher eu than observed for earlier heats. The reasons for this improved behavior are not understood and may be microstructural in origin. However, it is noted that the new heat of HT-9, which was procured under modern quality assurance standards, has lower interstitial nitrogen than previous heats. Notably lower interstitial solute contents correlate with improved ductility and homogenous deformation in broadly similar steels.

  19. Characterization and comparative analysis of the tensile properties of five tempered martensitic steels and an oxide dispersion strengthened ferritic alloy irradiated at ?295 °C to ?6.5 dpa

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Maloy, Stuart A.; Saleh, Tarik A.; Anderoglu, Osman; Romero, Tobias J.; Odette, G. Robert; Yamamoto, Takuya; Li, S.; Cole, James I.; Fielding, Randall

    2015-08-06

    Tensile test results at 25 and 300 °C on five 9-12Cr tempered martensitic steels and one 14Cr oxide dispersion strengthened alloy, that were side-by side irradiated to 6.5 dpa at 295 °C in the Advanced Test Reactor (ATR), are reported. The engineering stress–strain curves are analyzed to provide true stress–strain constitutive ?(?) laws for all of these alloys. In the irradiated condition, the ?(?) fall into categories of: strain softening, nearly perfectly plastic and strain hardening. Increases in yield stress (??y) and reductions in uniform strain ductility (eu) are observed, where as the latter can be understood in terms ofmore »the alloy's ?(?) behavior. Increases in the average ?(?) in the range of 0–10% strain are smaller than the corresponding ??y, and vary more from alloy to alloy. The data are analyzed to establish relations between ??y and coupled changes in the ultimate stresses as well as the effects of both test temperature and the unirradiated yield stress (?yu). The latter shows that higher ?yu correlates with lower ??y. In five out of six cases the effects of irradiation are generally consistent with previous observations on these alloys. However, the particular heat of the 12Cr HT-9 tempered martensitic steel in this study has a much higher eu than observed for earlier heats. The reasons for this improved behavior are not understood and may be microstructural in origin. However, it is noted that the new heat of HT-9, which was procured under modern quality assurance standards, has lower interstitial nitrogen than previous heats. Notably lower interstitial solute contents correlate with improved ductility and homogenous deformation in broadly similar steels.« less

  20. Strengthening and AcceleratingStrengthening and Accelerating the Development of Fusion Powerthe Development of Fusion Power

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (used to fuel a fusion power station) 200,000 KW-hrs = (total US electricity production for 15 years goal This timetable is underwritten by global collaboration in building ITER and a Japan that energy R&D boosted by oil crisis but then collapsed) It is very challenging - need to heat ~ 2000 m3

  1. Democratization and the development of Japan's uneven welfare state

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shimabukuro, Yumiko T

    2012-01-01

    Comparative data reveal that Japan consistently has had one of the highest poverty rates among advanced industrialized nations, yet its government taxes the poor more heavily and gives them less in public cash transfers ...

  2. Accounting for Corruption: Economic Structure, Democratic Norms, and Trade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandholtz, Wayne; Koetzle, William

    1998-01-01

    D. 1991. Corruption and Politics in Mexico. Tuscaloosa, AL:corruption in France (Meny 1992), Ghana (Morris 1991) and Mexico (corruption scandals: France, Italy, Japan, Kenya, Mexico,

  3. Democratic Republic of Congo-Nationally Appropriate Mitigation...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    (IISD) Sector Climate, Energy, Land, Water Focus Area Renewable Energy, Agriculture, Biomass, - Waste to Energy, Economic Development, Forestry, Greenhouse Gas, Land Use,...

  4. Transitional justice and democratic consolidation in Eastern Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-01-01

    der ehemaligen DDR. Dresden. Landtag Sachsen. (1993c).Regierungskriminalität der DDR. In J. Weber & M. Piazolo (der ehemaligen DDR. Berlin. Abgeordnetenhaus von Berlin. (

  5. Transitional justice and democratic consolidation in Eastern Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-01-01

    Vergangenheitsbewältigung in Polen. Osteuropa, 48(10), 1015-Paczkowski, Andrzej. (2005). Polen 1989-1998: Die Politik indemokratischer Umbruch in Polen, Tschechien, der Slovakei

  6. Understanding Democratic Congruence: A Demand-Supply Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Welzel, Christian; Klingemann, Hans-Dieter

    2007-01-01

    Deutsche Verlagsanstalt. Bratton, M. & R. Mattes (2001). “Science 31: 447-74. Bratton, M. , R. Mattes & E. Gymiah-

  7. Democratic Planning in Seattle: Distributive Outcomes Across Neighborhoods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lingafelter, Teresa

    2012-01-01

    2006). Spatial Justice and Planning. justice spatial/spatialFainstein, N. (1996). City Planning and Political Values: AnEds. ), Readings in Planning Theory (pp. 265-287).

  8. Democratic Republic of Congo-Low Emission Capacity Building Programme...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    for 2050. The country exported 500,000 tons of copper in 2010, as well as oil, still poverty reduction is one of the main efforts of the government.vii In its Poverty Reduction...

  9. Is Saskatchewan still social democratic?: A research brief

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saskatchewan, University of

    , University of Saskatchewan Dr. David McGrane, St. Thomas More College, University of Saskatchewan Dr. Stephen

  10. Federal Institutions and the Democratic Transition: Lessons From South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubinfeld, Daniel

    2006-01-01

    effect of international sanctions on South African trade andfrom removing international sanctions and politically activeAbsent international sanctions but assuming continued

  11. Dynamical realization of democratic Yukawa matrices and alignment...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    renormalization-group flows of Yukawa couplings in models with a single Yukawa matrix for three families, and up and down-sector Yukawa matrices. It is found that each...

  12. Personalized extensions : democratizing the programming of virtual-physical interactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Idlbi, Abdulrahman Y

    2014-01-01

    This thesis describes a new framework that enables a wider range of people to extend and customize programming environments to support more personalized explorations, especially in the physical world. While the vocabulary ...

  13. Liberalization and Leninist Legacies: Comparative Perspectives on Democratic Transitions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crawford, Beverly; Lijphart, Arend

    1997-01-01

    tic buyers, auctions, employee buyouts, etc. ) (see usefulplans that feature employee buyout schemes (Kopp 1991; Marerto “specific criteria for buyouts—a point system—a rules-

  14. A Virtuous Cycle: Tracing Democratic Quality through Equality 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ross, Ashley Dyan

    2011-10-21

    (and votes); 5.) eligibility for public office; 6.) alternative sources of information; 7.) free and fair elections; and 8.) institutions for making government policies depend on votes and other expressions of preference (Dahl 1971: 3). The manner... institutional incentives to make government policies depend on votes. In this scenario, it is likely that voters will be less inclined to participate politically because their expressed preferences are not transmitted into policy. We can see from this simple...

  15. Understanding Democratic Congruence: A Demand-Supply Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Welzel, Christian; Klingemann, Hans-Dieter

    2007-01-01

    Brazil Norway Moldova NZ Macedonia Switzerlad. AlbaniaPhilippines Colombia Macedonia Turkey Albania GuatemalaIran Argentina Bosnia Macedonia Belarus Algeria Armenia

  16. Federal Institutions and the Democratic Transition: Lessons From South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubinfeld, Daniel

    2006-01-01

    ? = 2050 Rand. Technology and Costs (a e , a m , a u ): Theand a u = 7 (years). Technology and Costs (S): The costs perS = 100,000 Rand. Technology and Costs (m): If the central

  17. Agrarian Reform and Rural Democratization in Latin America. PART 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fox, Jonathan A

    1993-01-01

    Worker's Party candidate, Lula, almost won the first directup to about 85% turnout. Lula was the only candidate in

  18. Democratic Republic of Congo-Low Emission Capacity Building Programme...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    departments in charge of production and the environment (environment, agriculture, energy, oil, mining, transport, urban planning and housing, land-affairs), the director of...

  19. Understanding Democratic Congruence: A Demand-Supply Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Welzel, Christian; Klingemann, Hans-Dieter

    2007-01-01

    Ireland Philippines India Croatia France Argentina Luxemb.S. Korea Domin. R. Jordan Croatia Latvia Morocco BrazilSlovenia Uruguay Mexico Croatia Brazil Domin. R. Cyprus

  20. Democratic Republic of Congo-National Adaptation Plan Global...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Programme (UNDP), United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Partner World Health Organization (WHO), UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), International Fund for...

  1. Democratic Republic of Congo-Low Emission Capacity Building Programme

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTIONRobertsdale, Alabama (UtilityInstruments IncMississippi:Delta Electric PowerSupport | Open(LECBP) |

  2. Democratic Republic of Congo-National Adaptation Plan Global Support

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTIONRobertsdale, Alabama (UtilityInstruments IncMississippi:Delta Electric PowerSupport | Open(LECBP)

  3. Democratic Republic of Congo-Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTIONRobertsdale, Alabama (UtilityInstruments IncMississippi:Delta Electric PowerSupport |

  4. COLLOQUIUM: From Democratic Consensus to Cannibalistic Hordes: The

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room News PublicationsAudits &Bradbury ScienceComplexPlasmaPhysics

  5. Democratic Republic of Congo-REDD Programme | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA Jump to: navigation, searchDaimlerDaytonInformation ForestREDD

  6. Democratic Republic of Congo-Low Emission Capacity Building Programme

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButtePower VenturesInformation9) WindGridDeepi hassource

  7. Dynamical realization of democratic Yukawa matrices and alignment of A

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfate Reducing(Journal Article) | SciTech Connect Discriminationquenchedwithimpactrotatingterms

  8. Empirical Studies of Competition in Interrelated Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuehn, Joseph Steven

    2015-01-01

    Inequalities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Inequalities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Alternatives . . 99 Moment Inequalities for Estimation of

  9. Home > Publications > Winter 2001 > Educating the Children of the World Educating the Children of the World

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, Joel E.

    to environment, it has the potential to improve environmental preservation and disease prevention. With respect's connection to local and world cultures; to strengthen effective, democratic governance; to enhance people of a global plan of action for UBASE and its subsequent implementation. The developers will have to be schola

  10. Robust Network Design: Formulations, Valid Inequalities, and ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-08-31

    Aug 31, 2011 ... energy supply, and telecommunications. .... ination for pairs of demand matrices and static as well as dynamic routing. ...... A detailed view on the additional gap closed in the root node for strategies (ii) and (iii) is given in.

  11. Inequality and Equity, Introduction and Position Papers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Center for Spatially Integrated Social Science, UCSB

    2000-01-01

    be con- structed on so-called VINEX locations in or close towith attached garages on the VINEX loca- tions, mentioned incurrently established on a VINEX location have on average

  12. Grothendieck's inequality and applications O. I. Reinov #

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ­ equalities and Applications", March 07 -- March 12, 2010. Lahore, Pakistan. # The research was supported by the Higher Education Commission of Pakistan. 1 #12; C # (0, #) such that for all finite families (x i ) n i=1

  13. SHARP INEQUALITIES FOR THE BEURLING-AHLFORS ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-05-15

    considerable interest in the literature and the long standing conjecture of T. Iwaniec [12] states that for 1

  14. The Social Reproduction of Systemic Racial Inequality 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mueller, Jennifer C

    2013-08-09

    stream_source_info MUELLER-DISSERTATION-2013.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 619353 Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 stream_name MUELLER-DISSERTATION-2013.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859...: THE INHERITANCE PATHWAYS OF WHITE FAMILIES ??......????????????.???. 142 Inheritance Pathways: An Alternative Concept ????.....??.. 144 The Inheritance Pathways of White Families ?????.???. 152 State Mechanisms of White Asset Protection...

  15. Essays on housing, education, and inequality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shamsuddin, Shomon (Shomon Shamsuddin)

    2013-01-01

    According to standard economic theory, more people will obtain postsecondary education in response to the rising college wage premium. However, students from low income families remain less likely to earn a college degree ...

  16. A Numbers, Inequalities, aml lllistllule Values

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    APPENDIX 8 COORDINATE GELIMEIRY ANI) LINES llll M3. EXAMPLE 3 Find an equation of the line through (1, —7) with slope —. SOLUTION Using (3) with m ...

  17. Income inequality, tax base and sovereign spreads

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aizenman, Joshua; Jinjarak, Yothin

    2011-01-01

    ROM JPN TUR QAT ZAF KOR KAZ HRV TUN LTU MAR CHL COL MEX MYSKAZ ZAF KOR MAR TUR QAT VNM HRV CHL TUN LTU MEX THA COL CHN

  18. Income inequality, tax base and sovereign spreads

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aizenman, Joshua; Jinjarak, Yothin

    2012-01-01

    ZAF TUR QAT KOR KAZ TUN MAR HRV LTU CHL COL MEX MYS CHN VNMTUR MAR QAT VNM CHL TUN LTU HRV MEX COL CHN THA LBN VEN PERFRA*), GREECE(GRC*), CROATIA(HRV), HUNGARY(HUN*), INDONESIA(

  19. The Diversity of Objections to Inequality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scanlon, T. M.

    1996-01-01

    them may seem to involve unacceptable costs not only in economic efficiency and the quality of the products of a culture but also in individual fulfillment. One thing individuals naturally and reasonably want is to develop their talents... Professor ofPhilosophy, Ulli­ vcrsity of Pittsburgh. 1990. 'Justice and the Good Life." By Ronald Dworkin, Professor of jurisprudence, Oxford University, New York University L'lw School. 1991. "Equality or Pliority?" By Derek Parfit, Professor...

  20. Violation of Bell's Inequality in Electromechanics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sebastian G. Hofer; Konrad W. Lehnert; Klemens Hammerer

    2015-10-09

    Opto- and electromechanical systems offer an effective platform to test quantum theory and its predictions at macroscopic scales. To date, all experiments presuppose the validity of quantum mechanics, but could in principle be described by a hypothetical local statistical theory. Here we suggest a Bell test using the electromechanical Einstein-Podolski-Rosen entangled state recently generated by Palomaki et al., which would rule out any local and realistic explanation of the measured data without assuming the validity of quantum mechanics at macroscopic scales. The parameter regime required for our scheme has been demonstrated or is within reach of current experiments.

  1. A Dynamic Inequality Generation Scheme for Polynomial ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-08-28

    Both require the same number of iterations, but DIGS-A+ is seven times faster ...... 7. E. de Klerk and R. Sotirov. Exploiting group symmetry in semidefinite ...

  2. Distributionally robust expectation inequalities for structured ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-05-04

    Alleviation in Wind Turbines. American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 2014. [27] L. Vandenberghe, S. Boyd, and K. Comanor. Generalized ...

  3. The Representational Sources of Political Inequality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hayes, Thomas J.

    2012-01-01

    of Politics 67: 1206-1227. Hacker, Jacob S. 2005. “PolicyHarvard University Press. Hacker, Jacob S. 2005. “PolicyPolitics 67: 1206-1227. Hacker, Jacob S. and Paul Pierson.

  4. Roma Migration Inequalities in Modern Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexieva, Petrouchka

    2007-01-01

    from Yugoslavia, Romania or Macedonia. They looked upon thewere deported back to Macedonia, Yugoslavia, and Romania,Montenegro, Slovakia, Macedonia, Croatia, and the Czech

  5. Global Supply Chains and Wage Inequality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Costinot, Arnaud

    A salient feature of globalization in recent decades is the emergence of "global supply chains" in which different countries specialize in different stages of a sequential production process. In Costinot, Vogel and Wang ...

  6. Roma Migration Inequalities in Modern Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexieva, Petrouchka

    2007-01-01

    Roma in an Expanding Europe: Breaking the Poverty Cycle. TheThe Sharp Edges of Europe: Extending Schengen Eastwards.2005 Immigration: What Europe Can Learn from the United

  7. Initiative for the Transformation and Strengthening of the Solar...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    programs Resource Type Workshop Website http:www.olade.orginiciativ Country Argentina, Barbados, Brazil, Colombia, Nicaragua, Peru UN Region Caribbean, Central America,...

  8. NNSA Contributes to International Efforts to Further Strengthen...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Twitter Youtube Flickr RSS People Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure...

  9. Believing Your Eyes: Strengthening the Reliability of Tags and Seals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brim, Cornelia P.; Denlinger, Laura S.

    2013-07-01

    NNSA’s Office of Nonproliferation and International Security (NIS) is working together with scientific experts at the DOE national laboratories to develop the tools needed to safeguard and secure nuclear material from diversion, theft, and sabotage--tasks critical to support future arms control treaties that may involve the new challenge of monitoring nuclear weapons dismantlement. Use of optically stimulated luminescent material is one method to enhance the security and robustness of existing tamper indicating devices such as tags and seals.

  10. Global gas processing will strengthen to meet expanding markets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Haun, R.R.; Otto, K.W.; Whitley, S.C.; Gist, R.L.

    1996-07-01

    The worldwide LPG industry continues to expand faster than the petroleum industry -- 4%/year for LPG vs. 2%/year for petroleum in 1995 and less than 1%/year in the early 1990s. This rapid expansion of LPG markets is occurring in virtually every region of the world, including such developing countries as China. The Far East is the focus of much of the LPG industry`s attention, but many opportunities exist in other regions such as the Indian subcontinent, Southeast Asia, and Latin America. The investment climate is improving in all phases of downstream LPG marketing, including terminaling, storage, and wholesale and retail distribution. The world LPG supply/demand balance has been relatively tight since the Gulf War and should remain so. Base demand (the portion of demand that is not highly price-sensitive) is expanding more rapidly than supplies. As a result, the proportion of total LPG supplies available for price-sensitive petrochemical feedstock markets is declining, at least in the short term. The paper discusses importers, price patterns, world LPG demand, world LPG supply, US NGL supply, US gas processing, ethane and propane supply, butane, isobutane, and natural gasoline supply, and US NGL demand.

  11. Strengthening Engineering Training and Research for Maharashtra Concept Note

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sohoni, Milind

    performance is also very poor, outside Mumbai and Pune. As regards the distance travelled to fetch water, the Census data shows that this too has increased. The two maps below show, by taluka, the fraction

  12. Strengthening of thin metallic cylindrical shells using fibre reinforced polymers 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Batikha, Mustafa

    2008-01-01

    Steel silos are widely used as long-term or short-term containers for the storage of granular solids, of which a huge range are stored, from flour to iron ore pellets, coals, cement, crushed rocks, plastic pellets, ...

  13. Case Study - Florida Power & Light - Smart Grid Solutions Strengthen...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    like it. For example, one FPL customer said, "If people choose to use the customer portal, they will definitely see benefits. Changing our energy habits has saved our family...

  14. Energy Department Invests $4 Million to Strengthen Building America...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    and 40% savings in existing homes by 2030. A major focus of the work is home heating and cooling. Typically, heating and cooling account for 40% of a home's energy consumption,...

  15. Deformation mechanisms in a precipitation-strengthened ferritic...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    by ordered (Ni,Fe)AlB2-type precipitates is a candidate material for ultra-supercritical steam turbine applications above 923 K. Despite earlier success in improving its...

  16. Strengthening America's Energy Security with Offshore Wind (Fact Sheet) (Revised)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2012-04-01

    This fact sheet provides a brief description of offshore wind energy development in the U.S. and DOE's Wind Program offshore wind R&D activities.

  17. Strengthening America's Energy Security with Offshore Wind (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2012-02-01

    This fact sheet describes the current state of the offshore wind industry in the United States and the offshore wind research and development activities conducted the U.S. Department of Energy Wind and Water Power Program.

  18. Export Controls and International Safeguards: Strengthening Nonproliferation through Interdisciplinary Integration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peterson, Danielle J.; Goorevich, Richard; Hooper, Rich; Scheinman, Lawrence; Tape, James W.

    2008-11-03

    International safeguards and export controls are central to ensuring international confidence in the peaceful uses of nuclear materials and technologies and to achieving adequate oversight on the transfer and use of nuclear materials, technology, and equipment required for the development of proliferation-sensitive parts of the nuclear fuel cycle. Although the independent strengths of international safeguards and export controls rely largely on universal adherence, there may be opportunities to exploit the shared strengths of these systems. This article provides background information on the separate evolution of export controls and international safeguards, considers how these two elements of the nonproliferation regime interact, and identifies some possible avenues that could, over time, lead to wholly integrated activities.

  19. Strengthening U.S. Leadership in Advanced Manufacturing | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    a corporate research and development contract, the National Labs work as the research arm for desalination advancement while CAP develops the technologies. When asked about the...

  20. ORNL working to strengthen seals for nuclear containers | ornl...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    filled with nuclear material. The technology uses a light source of entangled photons to verify the continuity of a fiber-based seal. Entanglement is a feature of quantum...

  1. Strengthening the Front Lines: Sales Training and Continuing...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    for Contractors Call Slides and Discussion Summary June 25, 2015 Agenda Call Logistics and Introductions Residential Network and Peer Exchange Call Overview ...

  2. STRENGTHENING COLLABORATIONS WITH UNIVEN Prepared for FABI News

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    specificity testing efforts for a potential biocontrol agent against the red gum lerp psyllid, Glycaspis

  3. Strengthening the Contribution of English Higher Education Institutions to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abrahams, I. David

    ..............................................................................................................................1 1.2 Seismic Shifts in the Underlying Landscape for Knowledge Exchange..........................2 1 .............................................................................................56 5 Strategic Response of HEIs: A Process of Learning and Adaptation ..............................63 5.6 A Dynamic Process of Learning and Adaptation

  4. Science for Energy Technology: Strengthening the Link between

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rollins, Andrew M.

    ............................................................................................. 11 Chapter 3: Panel 1 -- Solar Electricity from Photovoltaics ................................................................................................. 145 Chapter 10: Panel 8 -- Energy Efficiency: Buildings, Fuel Cells and Wind Power................ 163 ..................................................... 23 Chapter 4: Panel 2 -- Advanced Nuclear Energy

  5. INCREASED STRENGTHENING OF AUSTENITIC ALLOYS THROUGH DUAL AGING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ma, Annie

    2011-01-01

    Fe-Ni-Ti~Al aging heat treatments on hardened by austeniticcold working and thermal heat treatment. These tech- niques,the effect of solution heat treatment, single and du- plex

  6. Department of Energy Announces more than $18 Million to Strengthen...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    research reactors and also purchase new equipment, such as instrumentation or new computers, which will bolster their ability to conduct cutting-edge nuclear energy research....

  7. President Obama Signs New Directive to Strengthen our Work to...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    "promoting gender equality and advancing the status of all women and girls around the world remains one of the greatest unmet challenges of our time, and one that is vital to...

  8. Using Model-based Assurance to Strengthen Diagnostic Procedures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lutz, Robyn R.

    diagnostic trees generated from system models are used to help check out diagnostic procedures. Diagnostic procedures are instructions used to isolate failures during operations. Assuring such procedures manually procedures for lighting failures in NASA's Habitat Demonstration Unit (HDU), a prototype for astronauts

  9. Grain boundary relaxation strengthening of nanocrystalline Ni–W alloys

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rupert, Timothy J.

    The hardening effect caused by the relaxation of nonequilibrium grain boundary structure has been explored in nanocrystalline Ni–W alloys. First, the kinetics of relaxation hardening are studied, showing that higher annealing ...

  10. The FY 2008 Budget Request - Twenty in Ten: Strengthening America...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Year 2008 budget presentation. FY08budgetrequest.pdf More Documents & Publications FY 2011 Budget Roll-Out Presentation The FY 2006 Budget Request The FY 2005 Budget Request...

  11. The FY 2008 Budget Request - Twenty in Ten: Strengthening America...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Year 2008 budget presentation. FY08budgetrequest.pdf More Documents & Publications FY 2011 Budget Roll-Out Presentation The FY 2005 Budget Request The FY 2006 Budget Request...

  12. Reviving Magnet Schools: Strengthening a Successful Choice Option

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siegel-Hawley, Genevieve; Frankenberg, Erica

    2012-01-01

    criteria dampened MSAP grantees’ ability to reduce orsurvey recipients were MSAP grantees from one of the lastin evidence for MSAP grantees In addition to increased

  13. Edinburgh Research Explorer Strengthening conceptual foundations: Analysing frameworks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Millar, Andrew J.

    for ecosystem services and poverty alleviation research Citation for published version: Fisher, JA, Patenaude, G foundations: Analysing frameworks for ecosystem services and poverty alleviation research' Global: Analysing frameworks for ecosystem services and poverty alleviation research§ Janet A. Fisher a

  14. Strengthening Today's Science Talent to Become Tomorrow's Science...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    and catalysis. And Jeremy Busby led an investigation into using an innovative cast stainless steel for the first wall of the international ITER project. ITER is dedicated to...

  15. INCREASED STRENGTHENING OF AUSTENITIC ALLOYS THROUGH DUAL AGING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ma, Annie

    2011-01-01

    d o - - -700°C after first aging at 745°C /2 hr tween) (nobJ,J". _.J__ __JI (TOTAL) AGING TIME (hr) XBL Figure 22 aALLOYS THROUGH DUAL AGING Annie Ma Inorganic Materials

  16. Energy Department Releases New Guidance for Strengthening Cybersecurit...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    strategies and suggested language to help the U.S. energy sector and technology suppliers build in cybersecurity protections during product design and manufacturing. "The...

  17. Strengthening Public and Private Climate Finance in Asia - Indonesia | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-Enhancing CapacityVectren) JumpandStereoNewCreek FormationStratovolcanoOpen

  18. Strengthening Relationships Between Energy Programs and Housing Programs |

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher iSlide 1 Moresteelmaking industry hasUniversities | Department of

  19. Strengthening the Front Lines: Sales Training and Continuing Education for

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher iSlide 1 Moresteelmaking industry hasUniversities | Department ofContractors |

  20. Malaysia-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas:Montezuma,Information MHKMHK5Transport Projects |NIES Low-Carbon

  1. Strengthening a solid partnership | Y-12 National Security Complex

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation ofAlbuquerque|SensitiveAprilPhoton Source

  2. Energy Department Releases New Guidance for Strengthening Cybersecurity of

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematics And StatisticsProgramof-SA-02:Innovative Energy Apps Built with Openthe Grid's Supply Chain |

  3. Alina Deshpande-Strengthening the fight against pandemics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room News Publications Traditional KnowledgeAgenda Agenda NERSCStrengthening the fight against

  4. Department of Energy Announces Steps to Strengthen Enforcement of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergy A plug-in electricLaboratory | versionInnovativeStorageEnergy OfficeEfficiency

  5. Executive Order 13423- Strengthening Federal Environmental, Energy, and

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergy A plug-inPPLfor InnovativeProcessing22, 2014DepartmentEnvironmentalMigratory

  6. Characterization of microstructural strengthening in the heat-affected zone

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room News PublicationsAudits &BradburyMay 1,CenterJohnCeremonySynchrotronCharacterization ofof a

  7. Nevada's State Park System Strengthens Attractions with Solar |

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shinesSolar Photovoltaic(MillionNatureThousand Cubic Feet) Sold to

  8. Initiative for the Transformation and Strengthening of the Solar Water

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA JumpDuimenMaking EnergyIndosolar Ltd JumpEnergy

  9. Strengthening Clean Energy Technology Cooperation under the UNFCCC | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc JumpHeter BatterySolarfinMarket StudiesStrategic Energy LLCStrawsonsEnergy

  10. Strengthening Public-Private Partnerships to Accelerate Global Electricity

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc JumpHeter BatterySolarfinMarket StudiesStrategic Energy

  11. Strengthening Our Commitment to Tribal Energy | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Financing ToolInternational Affairs, Before the CommitteeYears 2003 - 2008 U . S . D e p aOur

  12. Secretaries Chu and Salazar to Convene Meeting on Strengthening Deepwater

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Financing Tool FitsProjectData DashboardSolar » SearchCompleted; Report NowScientific

  13. Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Developing Asia

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EIS ReportEurope GmbHSoloPageBeforeCreek Wind FarmStratton Middle-

  14. New Steps to Strengthen the Nation's Energy Infrastructure | Department

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i nAand DOEDepartmentNew Jersey is homeAdvanced Stages ofat HanfordSolutionsof

  15. Energy Department Releases New Guidance for Strengthening Cybersecurity of

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i n cEnergyNatural Gas | DepartmentHydrogenofEnergy released itsthe

  16. NNSA Contributes to International Efforts to Further Strengthen Detection

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal GasAdministration Medal of Honor recipients honored

  17. Indonesia-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View NewGuam:on Openei |sourceAnd Central MississippiInformation

  18. Deformation mechanisms in a precipitation-strengthened ferritic super alloy

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfate Reducing BacteriaConnectlaser-solid interaction (Journal Article) |Article) |revealed by in

  19. Development of Austenitic ODS Strengthened Alloys for Very High Temperature

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfate Reducing BacteriaConnectlaser-solidSwitchgrass and Miscanthus x GiganteusReport)Applications

  20. Development of Austenitic ODS Strengthened Alloys for Very High Temperature

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfate Reducing BacteriaConnectlaser-solidSwitchgrass and Miscanthus x