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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inequality strengthening democratic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

CO2 Emissions - Lao People's Democratic Republic  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Far East Lao People's Democratic Republic CO2 Emissions from Lao People's Democratic Republic Data graphic Data CO2 Emissions from Lao People's Democratic Republic image Per...

2

Strengthening Federal  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Jan. 24 Jan. 24 / Administration of George W. Bush, 2007 Executive Order 13423- Strengthening Federal Environmental, Energy, and Transportation Management January 24, 2007 By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the laws of the United States of America, and to strengthen the environmental, energy, and transpor- tation management of Federal agencies, it is hereby ordered as follows: Section 1. Policy. It is the policy of the United States that Federal agencies conduct their environmental, transportation, and en- ergy-related activities under the law in sup- port of their respective missions in an envi- ronmentally, economically and fiscally sound, integrated, continuously improving, efficient, and sustainable manner. Sec. 2. Goals for Agencies. In imple-

3

The parabolic Harnack inequality  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The parabolic Harnack inequality on metric graphs Sebastian Haeseler 1. Basic definitions 2. Volume-doubling properties 3. Poincar´e inequalities 4. The parabolic Harnack inequality 5. Examples The parabolic Harnack parabolic Harnack inequality on metric graphs Sebastian Haeseler 1. Basic definitions 2. Volume

Novak, Erich

4

Democratic Republic of Congo-ClimateWorks Low Carbon Growth Planning  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Democratic Republic of Congo-ClimateWorks Low Carbon Growth Planning Democratic Republic of Congo-ClimateWorks Low Carbon Growth Planning Support Jump to: navigation, search Name Democratic Republic of Congo-Low Carbon Growth Planning Support Agency/Company /Organization ClimateWorks, Project Catalyst, McKinsey and Company Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Country Democratic Republic of Congo Middle Africa References LCGP support[1] Low Carbon Growth Plans Advancing Good Practice, August 2009[2] Overview "Achieving development goals depends on enabling poorer countries to accelerate or maintain robust economic growth despite the disproportionate impacts of climate change which they face. The central challenge is to enable all countries to strengthen delivery of their own development

5

The Constitutionalization of Democratic Politics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Partial Decision, para.Democratic Order in Bosnia and Herzegovina, 103 C OLUM . L.s decision in Bosnia and Herzegovina re- quires a different

Pildes, Richard H.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

CO2 Emissions - the Former German Democratic Republic  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Germany the Former German Democratic Republic Graphics CO2 Emissions from the Former German Democratic Republic Data graphic Data CO2 Emissions from the Former German Democratic...

7

DLMF: §4.18 Inequalities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 4.18. ¶ Jordan's Inequality. Show Annotations Keywords: Jordan's inequality, sine function. 4.18.1 . Show Annotations Symbols ...

2013-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

8

Matryoshka of Special Democratic Forms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Special p-forms are forms which have components \\phi_{\\mu_1...\\mu_p} equal to +1,-1 or 0 in some orthonormal basis. A p-form \\phi\\in \\Lambda^p R^d is called democratic if the set of nonzero components {\\phi_{\\mu_1...\\mu_p}} is symmetric under the transitive action of a subgroup of O(d,Z) on the indices {1,...,d}. Knowledge of these symmetry groups allows us to define mappings of special democratic p-forms in d dimensions to special democratic P-forms in D dimensions for successively higher P \\geq p and D \\geq d. In particular, we display a remarkable nested stucture of special forms including a U(3)-invariant 2-form in six dimensions, a G_2-invariant 3-form in seven dimensions, a Spin(7)-invariant 4-form in eight dimensions and a special democratic 6-form \\Omega in ten dimensions. The latter has the remarkable property that its contraction with one of five distinct bivectors, yields, in the orthogonal eight dimensions, the Spin(7)-invariant 4-form. We discuss various properties of this ten dimensional form.

Chandrashekar Devchand; Jean Nuyts; Gregor Weingart

2008-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

9

Inequality and Violent Crime  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this article we take an empirical cross-country perspective to investigate the robustness and causality of the link between income inequality and crime rates. First, we study the correlation between the Gini index and, respectively, homicide and robbery rates along different dimensions of the data (within and between countries). Second, we examine the inequality-crime link when other potential crime determinants are controlled for. Third, we control for the likely joint endogeneity of income inequality in order to isolate its exogenous impact on homicide and robbery rates. Fourth, we control for the measurement error in crime rates by modelling it as both unobserved country-specific effects and random noise. Lastly, we examine the robustness of the inequality-crime link to alternative measures of inequality. The sample for estimation consists of panels of non-overlapping 5-year averages for 39 countries over 1965-95 in the case of homicides, and 37 countries over 1970-1994 in the case of robberies. We use a variety of statistical techniques, from simple correlations to regression analysis and from static OLS to dynamic GMM estimation. We find that crime rates and inequality are positively correlated (within each country and, particularly, between countries), and it appears that this correlation reflects causation from inequality to crime rates, even controlling for other crime determinants.

Pablo Fajnzylber; Daniel Lederman; Norman Loayza

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Leggett-Garg Inequalities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In contrast to the spatial Bell's inequalities, which probe entanglement between spatially-separated systems, the Leggett-Garg inequalities test the correlations of a single system measured at different times. Violation of a genuine Leggett-Garg test implies either the absence of a realistic description of the system or the impossibility of measuring the system without disturbing it. Quantum mechanics violates the inequalities on both accounts and the original motivation for these inequalities was as a test for quantum coherence in macroscopic systems. The last few years has seen a number of experimental tests and violations of these inequalities in a variety of microscopic systems such as superconducting qubits, nuclear spins, and photons. In this article, we provide an introduction to the Leggett-Garg inequalities and review these latest experimental developments. We discuss important topics such as the significance of the non-invasive measurability assumption, the clumsiness loophole, and the role of weak measurements. Also covered are some recent theoretical proposals for the application of Leggett-Garg inequalities in quantum transport, quantum biology and nano-mechanical systems.

Clive Emary; Neill Lambert; Franco Nori

2013-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

11

Dispersion strengthened copper  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A composition of matter is described which is comprised of copper and particles which are dispersed throughout the copper, where the particles are comprised of copper oxide and copper having a coating of copper oxide. A method for making this composition of matter is also described. This invention relates to the art of powder metallurgy and, more particularly, it relates to dispersion strengthened metals.

Sheinberg, H.; Meek, T.T.; Blake, R.D.

1990-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

12

Introduction to democratic e-governance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The concept of governance has its roots in the changing role of the state and in a managerialist view of the operations of public administrations. These two discourses have been challenged by another approach, which could be called democratic governance. ...

Ari-Veikko Anttiroiko

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Variational Inequalities and Economic Equilibrium  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Variational inequality representations are set up for a general Walrasian model of consumption and production with trading in a market. The variational inequalities are of functional rather than geometric type and therefore are able to accommodate a ... Keywords: Walrasian economic equilibrium, complementarity problems, equilibrium computations, equilibrium constraints, functional variational inequalities

Alejandro Jofré; R. Terry Rockafellar; Roger J-B. Wets

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Executive Order 13423- Strengthening Federal Environmental, Energy...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

423- Strengthening Federal Environmental, Energy, and Transportation Management Executive Order 13423- Strengthening Federal Environmental, Energy, and Transportation Management It...

15

Full length article: Weighted polynomial inequalities in the complex plane  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We establish weighted L"p,1@?pKeywords: Bernstein inequality, Marcinkiewicz inequality, Nikolskii inequality, Polynomial, Quasismooth arc, Remez inequality

Vladimir Andrievskii

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Manage the Margins: Three Essays on Effective Policymaking for Social Inequality in Health  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation includes three studies, devoted to trying to understand inequality in health between people from different social groups in a democratic society. In the U.S., social inequality in health takes various forms and the key to understanding how democracy solves the problem of inequality lies in a complex set of political and social factors. I take an institutional approach and focus on examining how political and policy institutions, their administrative processes, and the policy implementation environment are linked to social inequality in health. The first essay, Whose Baby Matters More, uses a theoretical framework for evaluating heterogeneous group responses to public health policies and depicts how racial disparities in health are rooted in group heterogeneity in policy responses. The second essay, Anxious Girls and Inactive Boys, focuses on how state-level policy interventions and social capital interactively affect gender differences in health. The third essay, Responsibility for Equity, explores the link between publicness of state healthcare systems and social equity in healthcare access. In the first essay, I focus on racial disparities in infant mortality rates and pool state-level data from 1990 to 2006. The empirical analysis suggests that enhancing the capacity of state healthcare systems is critical to improving population health. Blacks and whites, nevertheless, exhibit different responses to the same policy. Racial disparities could be reduced only when policy interventions generate more relative benefits for Blacks. In the second essay, I find that social capital conditions the effect of public health policies with regard to managing childhood obesity. There are gender differences, moreover, in health outcomes and behavioral responses to state and local-level obesity policies. In the third essay, I find that different institutional factors exhibit different impact on inequality in healthcare access. While public finance resources may reduce inequality in healthcare access, public ownership and the public healthcare workforce do not have significant association with inequality in healthcare access. State Medicaid eligibility rules exhibit moderate impact on inequality in healthcare access.

Zhu, Ling

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Democratizing ubiquitous computing: a right for locality  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Trends such as the increasing adoption of smartphones, the development of the service-oriented internet, and diffusion of sensing technologies into cities have the potential to combine in order to form a ubiquitous computing infrastructure. At the same ... Keywords: data rights, democratization, ubiquitous computing, urban process

Sebastian Weise; John Hardy; Pragya Agarwal; Paul Coulton; Adrian Friday; Mike Chiasson

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Strengthening Cyber Security | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Strengthening Cyber Security Strengthening Cyber Security Describes the goals and activities of the National SCADA Test Bed program to secure control systems in the energy sector...

19

Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Strengthening the Workforce...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Strengthening the Workforce in Better Buildings Neighborhoods (Text Version) to someone by E-mail Share Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Strengthening the Workforce in Better...

20

Inequalities for quantum skew information  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study quantum information inequalities and show that the basic inequality between the quantum variance and the metric adjusted skew information generates all the multi-operator matrix inequalities or Robertson type determinant inequalities studied by a number of authors. We introduce an order relation on the set of functions representing quantum Fisher information that renders the set into a lattice with an involution. This order structure generates new inequalities for the metric adjusted skew informations. In particular, the Wigner-Yanase skew information is the maximal skew information with respect to this order structure in the set of Wigner-Yanase-Dyson skew informations. Key words and phrases: Quantum covariance, metric adjusted skew information, Robertson-type uncertainty principle, operator monotone function, Wigner-Yanase-Dyson skew information.

Koenraad Audenaert; Liang Cai; Frank Hansen

2008-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inequality strengthening democratic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Background Report on Eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo  

SciTech Connect

Each month, approximately 45,000 people die from violence, hunger, disease, and other effects of displacement as a result of war in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). The country is often said to be plagued by a 'resource curse.' During each period in history since its discovery by the West, the DRC has possessed the resources the world craves and the world has sought these without regard for the consequences to the Congolese people. The catastrophic consequences of Congo's history of natural resource exploitation are the direct and indirect death of millions of Congolese people. The current war in Congo is multi-causal in nature but explanations are often reduced to describing it as an ethic conflict based on objective grievance. Objective grievance such as inequality, ethnic tensions, land disputes, and lack of democracy do exist, but they are neither necessary nor sufficient to explain the cause of the violent conflict, and more importantly, they fall short in explaining why this conflict has continued for years. The reality is the conflict is an economic war in which the trade of conflict minerals, gold and the 3Ts (tin, tantalum, tungsten), is directly linked to the financial sustainability of the groups fighting each other in eastern DRC. Objective grievance is a by-product of the conflict, used to create a false but plausible moral justification to continue violence. This paper examines the history of conflict in the DRC and the socio-economic variables contributing to the current war fought over conflict minerals.

Warren, Tracy A [ORNL

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Understanding Democratic Congruence: A Demand-Supply Perspective  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is indeed a stunningly weak link between standard indicatorsstrongly because the link is indeed weak? If this were thelink between democratic supplies and demands is indeed as weak

Welzel, Christian; Klingemann, Hans-Dieter

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Carbonate fuel cell matrix strengthening  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The present baseline electrolyte matrix is a porous ceramic powder bed impregnated with alkali carbonate electrolyte. The matrix provides both ionic conduction and gas sealing. During fuel cell stack operation, the matrix experiences both mechanical and thermal stresses. Different mechanical characteristics of active and wet seal areas generate stress. Thermal stress is generated by nonuniform temperature distribution and thermal cycling. A carbonate fuel cell generally may experience planned and unplanned thermal cycles between 650 C and room temperature during its 40,000h life. During the cycling, the electrolyte matrix expands and contracts at a different rate from other cell components. Furthermore, the change in electrolyte volume associated with freezing/melting may generate additional thermal stress. Strengthening of the matrix may be beneficial for longer-term stability of the carbonate fuel cell with respect to repeated thermal cycling. Several promising strengtheners with improved chemical and mechanical stabilities were identified. Fibers provide the highest strengthening effect, followed by particulates. Matrix fabrication technique was successfully modified for uniformly incorporating the advanced strengtheners, maintaining the desired aspect ratio. Enhanced gas sealing demonstrated using the advanced matrices.

Yuh, C.Y.; Haung, C.M.; Johnsen, R.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

24

Deliberalization in Jordan the roles of Islamists and U.S.-EU assistance in stalled democratization .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Despite some political openings in Jordan during the 1980s, the democratization process is presently stalled. What explains the lack of continuous democratization in Jordan while… (more)

Hammerstein, Ralf P.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Federal ID Credential Security Standard Strengthens ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Federal ID Credential Security Standard Strengthens Authentication, Extends To Mobile Devices. From NIST Tech Beat: September 5, 2013. ...

2013-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

26

Democratic Republic of Congo-REDD Programme | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Congo-REDD Programme Congo-REDD Programme Jump to: navigation, search Name Democratic Republic of Congo-REDD Programme Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Development Programme Partner United Nations Environment Programme Sector Land Focus Area Forestry Topics Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis Website http://www.un-redd.org/UNREDDP Country Democratic Republic of Congo Middle Africa References UN-REDD Democratic Republic of Congo[1] "This initial DRC UN-REDD programme aims at putting in place the enabling conditions for a REDD strategy in the Democratic Republic of Congo. It was elaborated through a qualitative dialogue with governmental and non-governmental stakeholders, both national and international." References ↑ "UN-REDD Democratic Republic of Congo"

27

Quantum Inequalities That Test Locality Dennis Dieks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantum Inequalities That Test Locality Dennis Dieks Institute for the History and Foundations.g.b.j.dieks@phys.uu.nl 20 June 2002 Abstract Quantum theory violates Bell's inequality, but not to the maxi- mum extent). These are quantum analogues of Bell inequalities, and we show that they can be used to test quantum mechanical lo

Seevinck, Michiel

28

Democratic Republic of Congo-Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Democratic Republic of Congo-Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions Democratic Republic of Congo-Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) in the Congo Basin Jump to: navigation, search Name Democratic Republic of Congo-Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) in the Congo Basin Agency/Company /Organization Environment Canada, International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD) Sector Climate, Energy, Land, Water Focus Area Non-renewable Energy, Agriculture, Buildings, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Forestry, Greenhouse Gas, Grid Assessment and Integration, Industry, Land Use, Offsets and Certificates, Transportation Topics Adaptation, Background analysis, Baseline projection, GHG inventory, Low emission development planning, -NAMA, Pathways analysis, Policies/deployment programs

29

Pro-Trade Democrats Go AWOL (NYT) 639 words  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with Democrats over issues from prescription drugs to education reform, it's understandable that they feel burned in the region's textile and apparel industries, a huge helping hand at a time when China is sucking up textile

Lopez-Carr, David

30

Dispersion Strengthened Sheet Alloys for Exhaust Component ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

solidification processing and the dispersion strengthening concept in a Ni-base ... generally carried out in a low vacuum, inert gas atmosphere chamber. Powder ...

31

International Workshop on Nuclear Forensics Strengthens Global...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > NNSA Blog > International Workshop on Nuclear Forensics Strengthens Global Security...

32

Creep resistant, precipitation-dispersion-strengthened ...  

An iron-based, corrosion-resistant, precipitation strengthened, martensitic steel essentially free of delta ferrite for use at high temperatures has a ...

33

ORISE: Helping Strengthen Emergency Response Capabilities for...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Institute for Science and Education (ORISE) helps strengthen government agencies' emergency response capabilities through a variety of exercises, from tabletop training to...

34

Energy Inequalities in Quantum Field Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantum fields are known to violate all the pointwise energy conditions of classical general relativity. We review the subject of quantum energy inequalities: lower bounds satisfied by weighted averages of the stress-energy tensor, which may be regarded as the vestiges of the classical energy conditions after quantisation. Contact is also made with thermodynamics and related issues in quantum mechanics, where such inequalities find analogues in sharp Gaarding inequalities.

Christopher J. Fewster

2005-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

35

The distributive justice of income inequality  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

the human condition, there is little question of not accepting inequality in practice. ..... approximation of the actual distribution, an error is certainly introduced,.

36

A CH-type Inequality For Real Experiments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We derive an efficient CH-type inequality. Quantum mechanics violates our proposed inequality independent of the detection-efficiency problem.

Afshin Shafiee

2004-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

37

Optimization Online - n-step Mingling Inequalities: New Facets for ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nov 19, 2009 ... Abstract: The n-step mixed integer rounding (MIR) inequalities of Kianfar and Fathi are valid inequalities for the mixed-integer knapsack set that ...

38

Democratic Republic of Congo: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Democratic Republic of Congo: Energy Resources Democratic Republic of Congo: Energy Resources (Redirected from Democratic Republic of the Congo) Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"390px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":0,"lon":25,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

39

Bell-type inequalities for arbitrary observables  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We derive a Bell-type inequality for observables with arbitrary spectra. For the case of continuous variable systems we propose a possible experimental violation of this inequality, by using squeezed light and homodyne detection together with methods of quantum-state reconstruction. It is shown that the violation is also possible for realistic detection efficiencies.

E. Shchukin W. Vogel

2009-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

40

Strengthening lattice-free cuts using non-negativity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

May 28, 2009 ... inequalities for X can be represented by maximal lattice-free convex sets in ... is to show inequalities derived in [7] (using maximal lattice-free.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inequality strengthening democratic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Strengthening the Loan Program | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Strengthening the Loan Program Strengthening the Loan Program Strengthening the Loan Program February 10, 2012 - 4:08pm Addthis Damien LaVera Damien LaVera Deputy Director, Office of Public Affairs Today, the White House issued its Independent Review on the health of the Department's clean energy loan portfolio. The following is Secretary Chu's statement thanking Herb Allison for his review: "I appreciate the work Mr. Allison and his team have done to review the health of our clean energy loan portfolio. I will carefully review the thorough, thoughtful recommendations Mr. Allison has put forward and find the best way to use them to further strengthen the program. "Mr. Allison's review rated the overall risk in the loan portfolio slightly lower than the Department itself projected and far less than the

42

Strengthening Public-Private Partnerships to Accelerate Global...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Strengthening Public-Private Partnerships to Accelerate Global Electricity Technology Deployment Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Strengthening Public-Private...

43

Indonesia-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Indonesia-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Developing Asia Jump to: navigation, search Name Indonesia-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth...

44

Mass-capacity inequalities for conformally flat manifolds with boundary  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we prove a mass-capacity inequality and a volumetric Penrose inequality for conformally flat manifolds, in arbitrary dimensions. As a by-product of the proofs, capacity and Aleksandrov-Fenchel inequalities for mean-convex Euclidean domains are obtained. For each inequality, the case of equality is characterized.

Alexandre Freire; Fernando Schwartz

2011-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

45

The structure of Renyi entropic inequalities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the universal inequalities relating the alpha-Renyi entropies of the marginals of a multi-partite quantum state. This is in analogy to the same question for the Shannon and von Neumann entropy (alpha=1) which are known to satisfy several non-trivial inequalities such as strong subadditivity. Somewhat surprisingly, we find for 01 we show analogously that there are no non-trivial homogeneous (in particular no linear) inequalities. On the other hand, it is known that there are further, non-linear and indeed non-homogeneous, inequalities delimiting the alpha-entropies of a general quantum state. Finally, we also treat the case of Renyi entropies restricted to classical states (i.e. probability distributions), which in addition to non-negativity are also subject to monotonicity. For alpha different from 0 and 1 we show that this is the only other homogeneous relation.

Noah Linden; Milán Mosonyi; Andreas Winter

2012-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

46

Valid Inequalities and Restrictions for Stochastic Programming ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Therefore, inequality (8) for the index k is violated and so ?z does not dominate Y in the first order. In order to prove the converse, suppose that ?z does not ...

47

Democratic Republic of Congo: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Democratic Republic of Congo: Energy Resources Democratic Republic of Congo: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"390px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":0,"lon":25,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

48

Contending Identities of Pakistan and The Issue of Democratic Governance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to the India centric security perceptions of the State, Kashmir, Afghanistan and nuclear policy. This paper explains the relationship between lack of democratic culture of tolerance and acceptance of the other, and insistence on a unitary religious based... Bangladesh (1971) Pakistan. They face the challenge of becoming a minority in their own province. Sindh’s largest towns like Karachi and Hyderabad are predominantly non Sindhi. Most Urdu speaking refugees from India after 1947 have chosen these cities...

Khan, Ijaz

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Essays on set estimation and inference with moment inequalities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis explores power and consistency of estimation and inference procedures with moment inequalities, and applications of the moment inequality framework to estimation of frontiers in finance. In the first chapter, ...

Menzel, Konrad, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Strengthening the Loan Program | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

the Loan Program the Loan Program Strengthening the Loan Program February 10, 2012 - 4:08pm Addthis Damien LaVera Damien LaVera Deputy Director, Office of Public Affairs Today, the White House issued its Independent Review on the health of the Department's clean energy loan portfolio. The following is Secretary Chu's statement thanking Herb Allison for his review: "I appreciate the work Mr. Allison and his team have done to review the health of our clean energy loan portfolio. I will carefully review the thorough, thoughtful recommendations Mr. Allison has put forward and find the best way to use them to further strengthen the program. "Mr. Allison's review rated the overall risk in the loan portfolio slightly lower than the Department itself projected and far less than the

51

Political soldiers and democratic institution-building in Bosnia-Herzegovina .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis seeks to identify if, in the course of the United States and NATO s democratic institution building efforts in Bosnia-Herzegovina, the United States… (more)

Boyce, Brian M.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Media and democratization: a comparative study of two former communist countries (Poland and Russia).  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Democratization process in Europe and Russia was studied thoroughly, while less significant attention was paid to the role of Media in it. Media freedom ratings… (more)

Volkova, Anna

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Southern Europe in comparative perspective: democratic transitions in Portugal, Greece, and Spain.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Greece, Spain and Portugal (GSP), with their transition to democratic politics during the 70s, placed themselves in what Samuel P. Huntington called the “third wave… (more)

Tsiridis, G.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Process for strengthening silicon based ceramics  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process for strengthening silicon based ceramic monolithic materials and composite materials that contain silicon based ceramic reinforcing phases that requires that the ceramic be exposed to a wet hydrogen atmosphere at about 1400{degrees}C. The process results in a dense, tightly adherent silicon containing oxide layer that heals, blunts, or otherwise negates the detrimental effect of strength limiting flaws on the surface of the ceramic body.

Kim, Hyoun-Ee; Moorhead, A.J.

1991-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

55

Hardy inequalities for general elliptic operators with improvements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We obtain optimal generalized versions of Hardy inequalities, which as special cases contain Hardy's inequality and Hardy's inequality involving the distance function to the boundary of $ \\Omega$. In addition we obtain neccesary and sufficient conditions to add improvements in the form of non negative potentials.

Cowan, Craig

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

On the Application of Inequality Indices in Comparative Software Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Socio-economic inequality indices, like the Gini coefficient or the Theil index, offer us a viable alternative to central tendency statistics when being used to aggregate software metrics data. The specific value of these inequality indices lies in their ... Keywords: empirical software analysis, software metrics, inequality analysis, software evolution, measurement approaches

Olga Goloshchapova, Markus Lumpe

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Validity and failure of some entropy inequalities for CAR systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Basic properties of von Neumann entropy such as the triangle inequality and what we call MONO-SSA are studied for CAR systems. We show that both inequalities hold for any even state. We construct a certain class of noneven states giving counter examples of those inequalities. It is not always possible to extend a set of prepared states on disjoint regions to some joint state on the whole region for CAR systems. However, for every even state, we have its `symmetric purification' by which the validity of those inequalities is shown. Some (realized) noneven states have peculiar state correlations among subsystems and induce the failure of those inequalities.

Hajime Moriya

2004-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

58

Quantum logarithmic Sobolev inequalities and rapid mixing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A family of logarithmic Sobolev inequalities on finite dimensional quantum state spaces is introduced. The framework of non-commutative L{sub p}-spaces is reviewed and the relationship between quantum logarithmic Sobolev inequalities and the hypercontractivity of quantum semigroups is discussed. This relationship is central for the derivation of lower bounds for the logarithmic Sobolev (LS) constants. Essential results for the family of inequalities are proved, and we show an upper bound to the generalized LS constant in terms of the spectral gap of the generator of the semigroup. These inequalities provide a framework for the derivation of improved bounds on the convergence time of quantum dynamical semigroups, when the LS constant and the spectral gap are of the same order. Convergence bounds on finite dimensional state spaces are particularly relevant for the field of quantum information theory. We provide a number of examples, where improved bounds on the mixing time of several semigroups are obtained, including the depolarizing semigroup and quantum expanders.

Kastoryano, Michael J. [Dahlem Center for Complex Quantum Systems, Freie Universitaet Berlin, 14195 Berlin (Germany)] [Dahlem Center for Complex Quantum Systems, Freie Universitaet Berlin, 14195 Berlin (Germany); Temme, Kristan [Center for Theoretical Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States)] [Center for Theoretical Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States)

2013-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

59

Whose e-democracy?: the democratic divide in American electoral campaigns  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study examines whether a democratic divide (a gap in political participation via the Internet) exists among demographic segments during the campaign season of the 2008 U.S. presidential election. Five different types of online political activity ... Keywords: E-democracy, democratic divide, digital divide, equality, political participation

Taewoo Nam

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Democratic Republic of Congo-Forest Investment Program (FIP) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Democratic Republic of Congo-Forest Investment Program (FIP) Democratic Republic of Congo-Forest Investment Program (FIP) Jump to: navigation, search Name Democratic Republic of Congo-Forest Investment Program (FIP) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Land Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climatefundsupdate. Program Start 2008 Country Democratic Republic of Congo Middle Africa References Forest Investment Program (FIP)[1] Forest Investment Program[2] Brazil Specific Documents[3] Democratic Republic of Congo Specific Documents[4] Ghana Specific Documents[5] Indonesia Specific Documents[6] Laos Specific Documents[7] Mexico Specific Documents[8] Peru Specific Documents[9] Overview "The Forest Investment Program (FIP) is a targeted program of the Strategic

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inequality strengthening democratic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Test of Genuine Multipartite Nonlocality Without Inequality  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this letter we propose a set of conditions on the joint probabilities as a test of genuine multipartite nonlocality without inequality. Our test is failed by all non-signaling local models in which even nonlocal correlations among some observables (not all) are allowed as long as these correlations respect the non-signaling principle. A pass of our test by a state therefore indicates that this state cannot be simulated by any non-signaling local models, i.e., the state exhibits genuine multipartite nonlocality. It turns out that all entangled symmetric n-qubit ($n \\geq 3$) states pass our test and therefore are n-way nonlocal. Also we construct two Bell-type inequalities from our proposed test whose violations indicate genuine multipartite nonlocal correlations.

Qing Chen; Sixia Yu; Chengjie Zhang; C. H. Lai; C. H. Oh

2013-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

62

Bayesian Nash Equilibria and Bell Inequalities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Games with incomplete information are formulated in a multi-sector probability matrix formalism that can cope with quantum as well as classical strategies. An analysis of classical and quantum strategy in a multi-sector extension of the game of Battle of Sexes clarifies the two distinct roles of nonlocal strategies, and establish the direct link between the true quantum gain of game's payoff and the breaking of Bell inequalities.

Taksu Cheon; Azhar Iqbal

2007-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

63

Monogamy inequality for distributed Gaussian entanglement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that for all n-mode Gaussian states of continuous variable systems, the entanglement shared among n parties exhibits the fundamental monogamy property. The monogamy inequality is proven by introducing the Gaussian tangle, an entanglement monotone under Gaussian local operations and classical communication, which is defined in terms of the squared negativity in complete analogy with the case of n-qubit systems. Our results elucidate the structure of quantum correlations in many-body harmonic lattice systems.

Tohya Hiroshima; Gerardo Adesso; Fabrizio Illuminati

2006-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

64

Inequalities for the Ranks of Quantum States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate relations between the ranks of marginals of multipartite quantum states. These are the Schmidt ranks across all possible bipartitions and constitute a natural quantification of multipartite entanglement dimensionality. We show that there exist inequalities constraining the possible distribution of ranks. This is analogous to the case of von Neumann entropy (\\alpha-R\\'enyi entropy for \\alpha=1), where nontrivial inequalities constraining the distribution of entropies (such as e.g. strong subadditivity) are known. It was also recently discovered that all other \\alpha-R\\'enyi entropies for $\\alpha\\in(0,1)\\cup(1,\\infty)$ satisfy only one trivial linear inequality (non-negativity) and the distribution of entropies for $\\alpha\\in(0,1)$ is completely unconstrained beyond non-negativity. Our result resolves an important open question by showing that also the case of \\alpha=0 (logarithm of the rank) is restricted by nontrivial linear relations and thus the cases of von Neumann entropy (i.e., \\alpha=1) and 0-R\\'enyi entropy are exceptionally interesting measures of entanglement in the multipartite setting.

Josh Cadney; Marcus Huber; Noah Linden; Andreas Winter

2013-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

65

Executive Order 13423- Strengthening Federal Environmental, Energy, and  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

423- Strengthening Federal Environmental, 423- Strengthening Federal Environmental, Energy, and Transportation Management Executive Order 13423- Strengthening Federal Environmental, Energy, and Transportation Management It is the policy of the United States that Federal agencies conduct their environmental, transportation, and energy-related activities under the law in support of their respective missions in an environmentally, economically and fiscally sound, integrated, continuously improving, efficient, and sustainable manner. Executive Order 13423- Strengthening Federal Environmental, Energy, and Transportation Management More Documents & Publications Executive Order 13514-Federal Leadership in Environmental, Energy, and Economic Performance EPAct 2005. Conference Report, July 27, 2005 In the Senate of the United States,June 28, 2005.

66

Department of Energy Announces more than $18 Million to Strengthen...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy today announced approximately 18.2 million to help educate the next generation of nuclear scientists and engineers, and to strengthen nuclear research and education...

67

Structure and Properties of Oxide Dispersion Strengthened 18Cr Steel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, Oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) steels are potential materials for application in nuclear reactors and gas turbines due to improved high ...

68

A strengthened formulation for the open pit mine production ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mar 26, 2007 ... Abstract: We present a strengthened integer programming formulation for the open pit mine production scheduling problem, where the ...

69

Case Study - Florida Power & Light - Smart Grid Solutions Strengthen...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Florida Power & Light July 2012 1 Smart devices have been installed on 78 substation transformer banks. Smart Grid Solutions Strengthen Electric Reliability and Customer Services...

70

Strengthening Sintering of Refractory Iron Ore with Biomass Fuel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Strengthening Sintering of Refractory Iron Ore with Biomass Fuel. Author(s), Xiaohui Fan, Zhiyun Ji, Min Gan, Xuling Chen, Wenqi Li. On-Site

71

Standard Review Plan Preparation for Facility Operations Strengthening...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Strengthening Line Management Oversight and Federal Monitoring of Nuclear Facilities August 2013 2 OFFICE OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT Standard Review Plan (SRP) Preparation...

72

Department of Energy Announces $39 Million to Strengthen University...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of Public Affairs Department of Energy Announces 39 Million to Strengthen University-Led Nuclear Energy Research and Development 51 Projects Aim to Cut Carbon Pollution, Create...

73

Design Principle and Strengthening of Advanced Austenitic Heat ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, Unprecedented austenitic heat resistant steels strengthened by ... for application to tubes and pipes of advanced thermal power plants (A-USC).

74

A new inequality for the von Neumann entropy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Strong subadditivity of von Neumann entropy, proved in 1973 by Lieb and Ruskai, is a cornerstone of quantum coding theory. All other known inequalities for entropies of quantum systems may be derived from it. Here we prove a new inequality for the von Neumann entropy which we prove is independent of strong subadditivity: it is an inequality which is true for any four party quantum state, provided that it satisfies three linear relations (constraints) on the entropies of certain reduced states.

Noah Linden; Andreas Winter

2004-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

75

Remittances, Inequality and Poverty: Evidence from Rural Mexico  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Estimates from Mexico National Rural Household Survey, 2003.Estimates from Mexico National Rural Household Survey, 2003.and Inequality in Rural Egypt, Economic Development and

Taylor, J. Edward; Mora, Jorge; Adams, Richard; Lopez-Feldman, Alejandro

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

A SHARP BERNSTEIN-TYPE INEQUALITY FOR ... - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A SHARP BERNSTEIN-TYPE. INEQUALITY FOR. EXPONENTIAL SUMS. Peter Borwein and Tam. as Erd elyi. Simon Fraser University. Typeset by AMS-TEX ...

77

Infinitely many constrained inequalities for the von Neumann entropy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We exhibit infinitely many new, constrained inequalities for the von Neumann entropy, and show that they are independent of each other and the known inequalities obeyed by the von Neumann entropy (basically strong subadditivity). The new inequalities were proved originally by Makarychev et al. [Commun. Inf. Syst., 2(2):147-166, 2002] for the Shannon entropy, using properties of probability distributions. Our approach extends the proof of the inequalities to the quantum domain, and includes their independence for the quantum and also the classical cases.

Josh Cadney; Noah Linden; Andreas Winter

2011-07-04T23:59:59.000Z

78

Uncertainty Principle Inequalities Related to Laguerre-Bessel Transform  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, an analogous of Heisenberg inequality is established for Laguerre-Bessel transform. Also, a local uncertainty principle for this transform is investigate

Hamem, Soumeya

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Generalized triangle inequalities in thick Euclidean buildings of rank 2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We give the generalized triangle inequalities which determine the possible vector valued side lengths of n-gons in thick Euclidean buildings of rank 2.

Ramos-Cuevas, Carlos

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Valid Inequalities Based on Demand Propagation for Chemical ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Oct 26, 2012 ... Valid Inequalities Based on Demand Propagation for Chemical Production Scheduling MIP Models. Sara Velez(szenner ***at*** wisc.edu)

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inequality strengthening democratic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Strong Branching Inequalities for Convex Mixed Integer Nonlinear ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sep 3, 2011 ... ods for using inequalities generated as an immediate byproduct of the strong branching process. Section 3 ...... safety no rotation CH. 18327.

82

Bell-type inequalities for non-local resources  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present bipartite Bell-type inequalities which allow the two partners to use some non-local resource. Such inequality can only be violated if the parties use a resource which is more non-local than the one permitted by the inequality. We introduce a family of N-inputs non-local machines, which are generalizations of the well-known PR-box. Then we construct Bell-type inequalities that cannot be violated by strategies that use one these new machines. Finally we discuss implications for the simulation of quantum states.

Nicolas Brunner; Valerio Scarani; Nicolas Gisin

2006-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

83

A direct splitting method for nonsmooth variational inequalities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Soviet Math. Doklady. 27, 511-517 (1983). 36. Fukushima, M.: A Relaxed projection for variational inequalities. Math. Programming. 35, 58-70 (1986)

84

Rural Democratization in Mexico’s Deep South: Grassroots Right-to-Know Campaigns in Guerrero  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

G. 1998. Organizacio´n rural y lucha c?´vica en el norte de1990. The challenge of rural democratization: perspectivesand development in rural Mexico: state intervention and

Fox, Jonathan A; García Jiménez, Carlos; Haight, Libby

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Democrat Hot Springs Resort Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Democrat Hot Springs Resort Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Democrat Hot Springs Resort Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Democrat Hot Springs Resort Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Democrat Hot Springs Resort Sector Geothermal energy Type Pool and Spa Location Kern County, California Coordinates 35.4937274°, -118.8596804° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

86

On a parabolic logarithmic Sobolev inequality H. Ibrahim ,,, R. Monneau  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On a parabolic logarithmic Sobolev inequality H. Ibrahim ,,, R. Monneau December 19, 2008 Abstract a parabolic version of the Kozono-Taniuchi inequality by means of anisotropic (parabolic) BMO norm. More precisely we give an upper bound for the L norm of a function in terms of its parabolic BMO norm, up

Monneau, Régis

87

A descent method for nonsmooth variational inequalities via regularization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we propose a descent method for solving variational inequality problems where the underlying operator is nonsmooth, locally Lipschitz, and monotone over a closed, convex feasible set. The idea is to combine a descent method for variational ... Keywords: Tikhonov-Browder regularization, descent method, gap function, nonsmooth mapping, variational inequality

Barbara Panicucci; Massimo Pappalardo; Mauro Passacantando

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Strengthening Public and Private Climate Finance in Asia | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Strengthening Public and Private Climate Finance in Asia Strengthening Public and Private Climate Finance in Asia Jump to: navigation, search Name Strengthening Public and Private Climate Finance in Asia Agency/Company /Organization Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), German Agency for International Cooperation (GIZ), United Kingdom Department for International Development Partner Government of Asian Countries Sector Climate Focus Area Greenhouse Gas Topics Finance, Low emission development planning Country Indonesia, Vietnam South-Eastern Asia, South-Eastern Asia References CDKN[1] Regional implications of the AGF recommendations: Asia[2] Program Overview "This program aimed to identify how industrialised countries could mobilize resources to support climate-resilient development in the developing world.

89

Strengthening Public and Private Climate Finance in Asia - Indonesia | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Strengthening Public and Private Climate Finance in Asia - Indonesia Strengthening Public and Private Climate Finance in Asia - Indonesia Jump to: navigation, search Name Indonesia-Strengthening Public and Private Climate Finance in Asia Agency/Company /Organization Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), German Agency for International Cooperation (GIZ), United Kingdom Department for International Development Partner Government of Asian Countries Sector Climate Focus Area Greenhouse Gas Topics Finance, Low emission development planning Country Indonesia South-Eastern Asia References CDKN[1] Regional implications of the AGF recommendations: Asia[2] Program Overview "This program aimed to identify how industrialised countries could mobilize resources to support climate-resilient development in the developing world.

90

OXIDE DISPERSION-STRENGTHENED HEAT EXCHANGER TUBING  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) alloys (e.g. the INCOLOY{reg_sign} MA956 alloy) are known for their excellent high temperature properties and are prime candidate materials for the construction of very high temperature heat exchangers that will be used in Vision 21 power plants. The main limitation of these materials is their poor weldability. Commercially available ODS tubing also tends to exhibit relatively poor circumferential creep strength due to current processing practices resulting in a fine grain size in the transverse direction. Thus far, these two characteristics of the ODS tubing have restricted its use to mostly non-pressure containing applications. The objectives of this program are to develop: (a) an MA956 tube with sufficient circumferential creep strength for long term use as heat exchanger tubing for very high temperatures; (b) a welding technique(s) for producing adequate joints between an MA956 tube and an MA956 tube, and an MA956 tube and an INCONEL 601 tube; (c) the bending strain limits, below which recrystallization will not occur in a MA956 tube during normal operation; and (d) the high temperature corrosion limits for the MA956 alloy with respect to working-fluid side and fireside environments. Also, this program seeks to generate data for use by heat exchanger designers and the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, and perform an analysis of the mechanical property, tube bending, and corrosion data in order to determine the implications on the design of a very high temperature heat exchanger (T>1093 C/2000 F). After one year, work is currently being conducted on increasing the circumferential strength of a MA956 tube, developing joining techniques for this material, determining the tube bending strain limits, and establishing the high temperature corrosion parameters for the MA956 alloy in environments expected to be present in Vision 21 power plants. Work in these areas will is continuing into the next fiscal year, with success anticipated to produce innovative developments that will allow the reliable use of ODS alloys for heat exchanger tubing, as well as a variety of applications previously not possible with metallic materials.

Harper, Mark A.

2001-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

91

Understanding digital inequality: comparing continued use behavioral models of the socio-economically advantaged and disadvantaged  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Digital inequality is one of the most critical issues in the knowledge economy. The private and public sectors have devoted tremendous resources to address such inequality, yet the results are inconclusive. Theoretically grounded empirical research is ... Keywords: IT policy, digital divide, digital inequality, socio-economic inequality, technology acceptance

J. J. Po-An Hsieh; Arun Rai; Mark Keil

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Secretaries Chu and Salazar to Convene Meeting on Strengthening Deepwater  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

to Convene Meeting on Strengthening to Convene Meeting on Strengthening Deepwater Blowout Containment Capabilities Secretaries Chu and Salazar to Convene Meeting on Strengthening Deepwater Blowout Containment Capabilities September 17, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON, D.C. - Secretary of Energy Steven Chu and Secretary of the Interior Ken Salazar will convene top U.S. government scientists and key industry and stakeholder leaders to discuss how to strengthen capabilities for responding to potential blowouts of oil and gas wells in deepwaters on the Outer Continental Shelf. The September 22, 2010 panel discussion will help guide reforms that are raising the bar for the oil and gas industry's practices, inform recommendations on whether and how to lift the current deepwater drilling suspension, and assist in establishing a path forward for government and

93

Indonesia-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Indonesia-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Indonesia-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Developing Asia Jump to: navigation, search Name Indonesia-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Developing Asia Agency/Company /Organization Asian Development Bank Partner Japan, United Kingdom Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Non-renewable Energy, Buildings, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Greenhouse Gas, Grid Assessment and Integration, People and Policy, Transportation Topics Baseline projection, GHG inventory, Low emission development planning, Market analysis, Pathways analysis, Policies/deployment programs Program Start 2011 Program End 2013 Country Indonesia South-Eastern Asia References Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Developing Asia[1]

94

Malaysia-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Malaysia-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Malaysia-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Developing Asia Jump to: navigation, search Name Malaysia-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Developing Asia Agency/Company /Organization Asian Development Bank Partner Japan, United Kingdom Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Non-renewable Energy, Buildings, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Greenhouse Gas, Grid Assessment and Integration, People and Policy, Transportation Topics Baseline projection, GHG inventory, Low emission development planning, Market analysis, Pathways analysis, Policies/deployment programs Program Start 2011 Program End 2013 Country Malaysia South-Eastern Asia References Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Developing Asia[1]

95

Philippines-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Philippines-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Philippines-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Developing Asia Jump to: navigation, search Name Philippines-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Developing Asia Agency/Company /Organization Asian Development Bank Partner Japan, United Kingdom Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Non-renewable Energy, Buildings, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Greenhouse Gas, Grid Assessment and Integration, People and Policy, Transportation Topics Baseline projection, GHG inventory, Low emission development planning, Market analysis, Pathways analysis, Policies/deployment programs Program Start 2011 Program End 2013 Country Philippines South-Eastern Asia References Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Developing Asia[1]

96

Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Developing Asia  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Developing Asia Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Developing Asia - Thailand Jump to: navigation, search Name Thailand-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Developing Asia Agency/Company /Organization Asian Development Bank Partner Japan, United Kingdom Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Non-renewable Energy, Buildings, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Greenhouse Gas, Grid Assessment and Integration, People and Policy, Transportation Topics Baseline projection, GHG inventory, Low emission development planning, Market analysis, Pathways analysis, Policies/deployment programs Program Start 2011 Program End 2013 Country Thailand South-Eastern Asia References Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Developing Asia[1]

97

Mechanical Testing of Ferritic Oxide Dispersion Strengthened Steel ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, Oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) ferritic steels typically contain a fine dispersion of nanoscopic Y(Al, Ti) oxides. The presence of such ODS particles leads .... Behavior of Molybdenum · What Next in Gas Turbine Materials ...

98

Twenty In Ten: Strengthening America's Energy Security | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

industry leaders and entrepreneurs to join him in pursuing the goal of reducing U.S. gasoline usage by 20 percent in the next ten years. Twenty In Ten: Strengthening America's...

99

Strengthening Adaptation and Resilience to Climate Change in...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

and Resilience to Climate Change in Kenya (StARCK) Jump to: navigation, search Name Strengthening Adaptation and Resilience to Climate Change in Kenya (StARCK) AgencyCompany...

100

LIVE: Meeting on Strengthening Deepwater Blowout Containment Capabilities |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

LIVE: Meeting on Strengthening Deepwater Blowout Containment LIVE: Meeting on Strengthening Deepwater Blowout Containment Capabilities LIVE: Meeting on Strengthening Deepwater Blowout Containment Capabilities September 22, 2010 - 12:56pm Addthis John Schueler John Schueler Former New Media Specialist, Office of Public Affairs At 1 PM EDT today Secretary Chu and Secretary of the Interior Ken Salazar will convene top U.S. government scientists and key industry and stakeholder leaders to discuss how to strengthen capabilities for responding to potential blowouts of oil and gas wells on the Outer Continental Shelf. The panel discussion will help guide reforms that are raising the bar for the oil and gas industry's practices, inform recommendations on whether and how to lift the current deepwater drilling suspension and assist in

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inequality strengthening democratic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Development of load and resistance factor design for FRP strengthening of reinforced concrete structures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Girders Strengthened with Carbon Fiber-Reinforced PolymerM.F. Fatigue Behavior of Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer-Girders Strengthened with Carbon Fiber-Reinforced Polymer

Atadero, Rebecca Anne

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

CHSH type Bell inequalities involving a party with two or three local binary settings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We construct a simple algorithm to generate any CHSH type Bell inequality involving a party with two local binary measurements from two CHSH type inequalities without this party. The algorithm readily generalizes to situations, where the additional observer uses three measurement settings. There, each inequality involving the additional party is constructed from three inequalities with this party excluded. With this generalization at hand, we construct and analyze new symmetric inequalities for four observers and three experimental settings per observer.

Yu-Chun Wu; Piotr Badziag; Marek ?ukowski

2008-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

103

All Inequalities for the Relative Entropy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The relative entropy of two n-party quantum states is an important quantity exhibiting, for example, the extent to which the two states are different. The relative entropy of the states formed by reducing two n-party to a smaller number $m$ of parties is always less than or equal to the relative entropy of the two original n-party states. This is the monotonicity of relative entropy. Using techniques from convex geometry, we prove that monotonicity under restrictions is the only general inequality satisfied by relative entropies. In doing so we make a connection to secret sharing schemes with general access structures. A suprising outcome is that the structure of allowed relative entropy values of subsets of multiparty states is much simpler than the structure of allowed entropy values. And the structure of allowed relative entropy values (unlike that of entropies) is the same for classical probability distributions and quantum states.

Ben Ibinson; Noah Linden; Andreas Winter

2005-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

104

Democratic Republic of Congo-EU-UNDP Climate Change Capacity Building  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Democratic Republic of Congo-EU-UNDP Climate Change Capacity Building Democratic Republic of Congo-EU-UNDP Climate Change Capacity Building Program Jump to: navigation, search Name Democratic Republic of Congo-EU-UNDP Climate Change Capacity Building Program Agency/Company /Organization The European Union (EU), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Partner Multiple Ministries Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, Agriculture, Biomass, Buildings, Energy Efficiency, Forestry, Geothermal, Greenhouse Gas, Industry, Land Use, Offsets and Certificates, People and Policy, Solar, Transportation, Water Power, Wind Topics Background analysis, Baseline projection, Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access, - Environmental and Biodiversity, GHG inventory, Implementation, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, -NAMA, -Roadmap, -TNA, Policies/deployment programs, Resource assessment

105

Transportation cost inequalities for diffusions under uniform distance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We prove the transportation inequality with the uniform norm for the laws of diffusion processes with Lipschitz and/or dissipative coefficients and apply them to some singular stochastic differential equations of interest.

Ali Suleyman Ustunel

2010-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

106

Signatures of surface bundles and Milnor Wood inequalities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Let E be a surface bundle over a surface. We use a variant of the Milnor Wood inequality to show that $|3\\sigma(E)|\\leq \\chi(E)$.

Hamenstaedt, Ursula

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

The Social Reproduction of Systemic Racial Inequality  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The racial wealth gap is a deeply inexorable indicator of inequality. Today the average family of color holds only six cents of wealth for every dollar owned by whites. What accounts for such stubborn inequality in an era lauded as racially progressive? Intergenerational family links suggest a major linchpin. In this dissertation I work toward a race critical theory of social reproduction, drawing on 156 family histories of intergenerational wealth transfer. These data were categorically coded for instances of wealth and capital acquisition and transfer, as well as qualitatively analyzed for thematic patterns using the extended case method. My analysis targets specific social mechanisms that differentially promote the transmission of wealth and other forms of capital (e.g., social networks, educational credentials) across racial groups over time. I isolate racial patterns in the mobility trajectories of families through an original construct, inheritance pathways – instances involving the transfer and/or interconvertiblity of wealth/capital between two or more generations. Among my sample, inheritance pathways were regularly traceable from ancestors living during legal slavery and segregation. My analysis reveals that the wealth and capital acquired by white families regularly works in interlocking, supportive ways to “pave” pathways of protected, intergenerational mobility over time. In contrast, though families of color evidence many efforts to build upwardly mobile pathways, they are frequently divested of their capital through both explicitly and subtly racist means. Moreover, the value of their capital is often diminished, making it less useful in launching and sustaining mobility pathways. My analysis hones in on the recursive relationship between micro level family actions and the racial state, which is regularly implicated in these processes. I draw on these data to additionally expand the concept racial capital – a type of “currency” that intersects with other forms of capital for individuals, families and groups. Collectively, the inheritance pathways of families suggest that whiteness often intervenes to (1) “unlock” forms of capital for some individuals/families/groups; and, (2) enhance the value of other forms of capital. Ultimately I argue that inheritance pathways and racial capital serve as primary means for reproducing conditions and meanings that sustain systemic racism over time.

Mueller, Jennifer C

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Strengthening Public-Private Partnerships to Accelerate Global Electricity  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Strengthening Public-Private Partnerships to Accelerate Global Electricity Strengthening Public-Private Partnerships to Accelerate Global Electricity Technology Deployment Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Strengthening Public-Private Partnerships to Accelerate Global Electricity Technology Deployment Agency/Company /Organization: e8, UN-Energy, US Energy Association and World Energy Council Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy Phase: Bring the Right People Together, Create a Vision, Determine Baseline, Evaluate Options, Prepare a Plan Topics: - Energy Access, Finance Resource Type: Publications User Interface: Website Website: www.globalelectricity.org/upload/File/Summit%20Meeting/NY%202011/e8-UN Cost: Free Language: English The focus of the initiative is to jointly identify the most effective and

109

Strengthening U.S. Leadership in Advanced Manufacturing | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Strengthening U.S. Leadership in Advanced Manufacturing Strengthening U.S. Leadership in Advanced Manufacturing Strengthening U.S. Leadership in Advanced Manufacturing August 10, 2012 - 3:51pm Addthis Desalination is normally an energy intensive process, but by collaborating with Energy Department's National Labs Campbell Applied Physics has found a way to make seawater drinkable while using 50 percent less energy. | Photo courtesy of Campbell Applied Physics. Desalination is normally an energy intensive process, but by collaborating with Energy Department's National Labs Campbell Applied Physics has found a way to make seawater drinkable while using 50 percent less energy. | Photo courtesy of Campbell Applied Physics. Rebecca Matulka Rebecca Matulka Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs

110

Secretary of Energy Signs Memorandum of Understanding to Strengthen  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Signs Memorandum of Understanding to Strengthen Signs Memorandum of Understanding to Strengthen U.S.-Portugal Cooperation in Renewable Energy Technologies Secretary of Energy Signs Memorandum of Understanding to Strengthen U.S.-Portugal Cooperation in Renewable Energy Technologies May 27, 2008 - 11:59am Addthis MOU will further joint efforts to advance wave power as a clean, viable energy source LISBON, PORTUGAL - U.S. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman and Portuguese Economy Minister Manuel Pinho today signed a memorandum of understanding (MOU), as part of their shared commitment to enhancing global energy security and addressing climate change through the development and deployment of renewable energy technologies. The MOU establishes a framework for collaboration on the policy, and scientific and technical

111

DOE Strengthens Collaboration at Intergovernmental Meeting | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE Strengthens Collaboration at Intergovernmental Meeting DOE Strengthens Collaboration at Intergovernmental Meeting DOE Strengthens Collaboration at Intergovernmental Meeting December 20, 2012 - 12:00pm Addthis Senior Advisor for Environmental Management David Huizenga, left, provides an update on the EM program at the recent Intergovernmental Meeting with the DOE as California Office of the Attorney General Supervising Deputy Attorney General Brian Hembacher listens. Senior Advisor for Environmental Management David Huizenga, left, provides an update on the EM program at the recent Intergovernmental Meeting with the DOE as California Office of the Attorney General Supervising Deputy Attorney General Brian Hembacher listens. NEW ORLEANS - EM and stakeholders met to discuss and collaborate on issues impacting nuclear cleanup across the complex. More than 150 people

112

Strengthening Today's Science Talent to Become Tomorrow's Science Leaders |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Strengthening Today's Science Talent to Become Tomorrow's Science Strengthening Today's Science Talent to Become Tomorrow's Science Leaders Strengthening Today's Science Talent to Become Tomorrow's Science Leaders December 15, 2010 - 11:56am Addthis Director Brinkman Director Brinkman Director of the Office of Science A hidden strength of science is its diversity. That strength was visible yesterday as the Energy Department celebrated its 13 winners of the Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers (PECASE). Secretary Chu, Principal Deputy Administrator for the National Nuclear Security Administration Neile L. Miller and Undersecretary for Science Steve Koonin joined me in honoring these awardees, outstanding in science and service. Three winners came from Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Sergei V. Kalinin

113

Strengthening America's Energy Future through Education and Workforce  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Strengthening America's Energy Future through Education and Strengthening America's Energy Future through Education and Workforce Development Strengthening America's Energy Future through Education and Workforce Development August 11, 2010 - 10:04am Addthis Dr. Kristina Johnson What does this mean for me? Of the current energy utility workforce, 40-60 percent could be eligible to retire by 2012. A shortage of training and skills is "a leading barrier to renewable energy and energy-efficiency growth." The Department has a record of supporting education and workforce development. To have a strong clean energy revolution we need to have a strong energy workforce. Maintaining our strong energy workforce is a priority motivator in the "Energy Education and Workforce Development Request for Information" (RFI) that was released late last week. Reports like this

114

Clean Cities Expands and Strengthens Nationwide Partnerships | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cities Expands and Strengthens Nationwide Partnerships Cities Expands and Strengthens Nationwide Partnerships Clean Cities Expands and Strengthens Nationwide Partnerships November 20, 2012 - 12:14pm Addthis Nearly 100 Clean Cities coalitions work to reduce petroleum use in communities across the country. Led by Clean Cities coordinators, coalitions are composed of businesses, fuel providers, vehicle fleets, state and local government agencies, and community organizations. These stakeholders come together to share information and resources, educate the public, help craft public policy, and collaborate on projects that reduce petroleum use. Click on a region for more information. Shannon Brescher Shea Communications Manager, Clean Cities Program What is Clean Cities? Clean Cities works to reduce U.S. reliance on petroleum in

115

Strengthening Our Commitment to Tribal Energy | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Strengthening Our Commitment to Tribal Energy Strengthening Our Commitment to Tribal Energy Strengthening Our Commitment to Tribal Energy December 16, 2010 - 8:25am Addthis John Schueler John Schueler Former New Media Specialist, Office of Public Affairs Today the White House is hosting a Tribal Nations Conference, which will provide leaders from the 565 federally recognized tribes the opportunity to interact directly with the President and representatives from the highest levels of his Administration. As part of this gathering, the Department of Energy will announce the establishment of an Office of Indian Energy Policy and Programs in order to more effectively engage tribal governments in our national energy priorities and promote tribal energy development. Led by Tracey A. LeBeau, a member of the Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe of

116

New Steps to Strengthen the Nation's Energy Infrastructure | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

New Steps to Strengthen the Nation's Energy Infrastructure New Steps to Strengthen the Nation's Energy Infrastructure New Steps to Strengthen the Nation's Energy Infrastructure January 9, 2014 - 4:00pm Addthis Photo credit: iStock. Photo credit: iStock. Dr. Ernest Moniz Dr. Ernest Moniz Secretary of Energy Cecilia Muñoz Cecilia Muñoz Director of the Domestic Policy Council Dr. John P. Holdren Dr. John P. Holdren Director of the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy Editor's note: This article originally appeared on the White House blog. Today, President Obama signed a memorandum establishing the federal government's first Quadrennial Energy Review (QER) process, fulfilling an important commitment from his Climate Action Plan and ensuring that federal energy policies continue to meet the nation's economic, environmental and

117

President Obama's Plan to Strengthen America's Energy Security |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Obama's Plan to Strengthen America's Energy Security Obama's Plan to Strengthen America's Energy Security President Obama's Plan to Strengthen America's Energy Security March 30, 2011 - 10:57am Addthis Hear from President Obama on how we're taking action to control our energy future and reduce our dependence on foreign oil. John Schueler John Schueler Former New Media Specialist, Office of Public Affairs Rising gas prices affect all Americans -- families and truck drivers feel the pinch at the pump while businesses and farmers see the increased costs impact their bottom line. President Obama recognizes that we have to take action to control our energy future and reduce our dependence on foreign oil. This requires us to harness all of the resources we have available and create a diverse energy portfolio. At 11:20 AM (EST)

118

Clean Cities Expands and Strengthens Nationwide Partnerships | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Clean Cities Expands and Strengthens Nationwide Partnerships Clean Cities Expands and Strengthens Nationwide Partnerships Clean Cities Expands and Strengthens Nationwide Partnerships November 20, 2012 - 12:14pm Addthis Nearly 100 Clean Cities coalitions work to reduce petroleum use in communities across the country. Led by Clean Cities coordinators, coalitions are composed of businesses, fuel providers, vehicle fleets, state and local government agencies, and community organizations. These stakeholders come together to share information and resources, educate the public, help craft public policy, and collaborate on projects that reduce petroleum use. Click on a region for more information. Shannon Brescher Shea Communications Manager, Clean Cities Program What is Clean Cities? Clean Cities works to reduce U.S. reliance on petroleum in

119

Bonus -- Cameras Designed to Strengthen Nuclear Security Can Also Detect  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

to Strengthen Nuclear Security Can Also to Strengthen Nuclear Security Can Also Detect Cancer Bonus -- Cameras Designed to Strengthen Nuclear Security Can Also Detect Cancer November 17, 2010 - 4:02pm Addthis Ginny Simmons Ginny Simmons Former Managing Editor for Energy.gov, Office of Public Affairs What does this mean for me? The cameras can detect prostate cancer -- as well as cervical, colorectal and breast cancers -- and can be optimized as a surgical probe that guides the removal of cancerous tumors. Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) and Hybridyne Imaging Technologies, Inc. recently won the 2010 North American Frost & Sullivan Award for Technology Innovation of the Year. The award is given out each year to a company that finds a new application for a unique technology. With funding from the Energy Department's NNSA's Office of Nonproliferation and

120

Initiative for the Transformation and Strengthening of the Solar Water  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Transformation and Strengthening of the Solar Water Transformation and Strengthening of the Solar Water Heating Market Jump to: navigation, search Name Initiative for the Transformation and Strengthening of the Solar Water Heating Market Agency/Company /Organization Latin America Energy Organization Partner UNEP Sector Energy Focus Area - Solar Hot Water Topics Market analysis, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type Workshop Website http://www.olade.org/iniciativ Country Argentina, Barbados, Brazil, Colombia, Nicaragua, Peru UN Region Caribbean, Central America, South America References Renewable Energy and Environment Coordination[1] OLADE is a Latin American organization working with Central American countries on climate change vulnerability for hydroelectric systems and adaptation options. Specific activities include: methodology for climate

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inequality strengthening democratic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Bonus -- Cameras Designed To Strengthen Nuclear Security Can Also Detect  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

To Strengthen Nuclear Security Can Also To Strengthen Nuclear Security Can Also Detect Cancer Bonus -- Cameras Designed To Strengthen Nuclear Security Can Also Detect Cancer November 17, 2010 - 4:04pm Addthis Ginny Simmons Ginny Simmons Former Managing Editor for Energy.gov, Office of Public Affairs What does this mean for me? Thanks to researchers from Brookhaven National Laboratory, a high-resolution gamma camera exists that can be used to detect prostate cancer. Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) and Hybridyne Imaging Technologies, Inc. recently won the 2010 North American Frost & Sullivan Award for Technology Innovation of the Year. The award is given out each year to a company that finds a new application for a unique technology. With funding from the Department of Energy's NNSA's Office of Nonproliferation and

122

Energy Department Develops Tool with Industry to Help Utilities Strengthen  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Develops Tool with Industry to Help Utilities Develops Tool with Industry to Help Utilities Strengthen Their Cybersecurity Capabilities Energy Department Develops Tool with Industry to Help Utilities Strengthen Their Cybersecurity Capabilities June 28, 2012 - 10:24am Addthis News Media Contact (202) 586-4940 WASHINGTON -- As part of the Obama Administration's commitment to protecting America's critical energy infrastructure, U.S. Energy Secretary Steven Chu today announced the release of a new Cybersecurity Self-Evaluation Survey Tool for utilities that will strengthen protection of the nation's electric grid from cybersecurity threats. Today's announcement is part of a broader White House initiative to develop a Cybersecurity Capability Maturity Model for the electricity sector, which aims to support the private sector and utilities nationwide in determining

123

STRENGTHENING OF TRENCH COVER PLATES FOR SWITCHGEAR BUILDING  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this calculation is to strengthen the existing trench cover plates of the Electrical Switchgear Building (BLDG 5010) of the Exploratory Studies Facility. A remodeling effort will change the portion of the facility that has the trenches for electrical cables to a craft/shop area. The users of the building will be using a forklift in this area (Clark CGP 30 forklift with a capacity of 3 tons). The trench covers require strengthening to support the wheel loads from the forklift. The output of this calculation will be sketches revising the floor plate details of DWG YMP-025-1-7007-ST103, Rev 02. (Details 4 and 5).

M.S. RUBEN

2000-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

124

Democratizing technology: pleasure, utility and expressiveness in DIY and maker practice  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

DIY, hacking, and craft have recently drawn attention in HCI and CSCW, largely as a collaborative and creative hobbyist practice. We shift the focus from the recreational elements of this practice to the ways in which it democratizes design and manufacturing. ... Keywords: appropriation, craft, design theory, diy, hacking, maker culture, steampunk

Joshua G. Tanenbaum; Amanda M. Williams; Audrey Desjardins; Karen Tanenbaum

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Perverting Activism: Cyberactivism and Its Potential Failures In Enhancing Democratic Institutions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper analyzes the impact of new technologies on a range of practices related to activism. The first section shows how the functioning of democratic institutions can be impaired by scarce political accountability connected with the emergence of ... Keywords: Cyberactivism, Democracy, Internet, Moral Hazard, Perverted Activism, Political Accountability

Lorenzo Magnani; Emanuele Bardone; Tommaso Bertolotti

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Non-Standard Education Trajectories and Education Inequality: Do They Increase Equality? Evidence from Socialist Central and Eastern Europe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Mobility (RC28) “Education and Social Inequality”, Newand Mobility (RC28) “Education and Social Inequality”, NewStratification and Mobility in American High Schools. New

Kreidl, Martin

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Experimental Investigation on ECC Layer Strengthening Brick Wall  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Masonry structures are widely used, but it exists some inherent defects, such as low tensile, anti-shear and flexural strength, and poor seismic performance. The engineered cementitious composites (ECC) is a new concrete material with characteristics ... Keywords: masonry structure, engineered cementitious composites, quasi-static test, strengthening

Deng Mingke; Gao Xiaojun; Liang Xingwen

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

ATN's International Research Base Strengthens with Brazil Signing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ATN's International Research Base Strengthens with Brazil Signing www.atn.edu.au | July 2013 has with the visit of an ATN research delegation to Brazil, seeking to build further ties with key institutions and industry partners in Brazil, in line with the ambitions of the strategic partnership agreement between

South Australia, University of

129

DT fusion neutron radiation strengthening of copper and niobium  

SciTech Connect

The initial results of a comparative study of the radiation strengthening and damage structures produced in Cu and Nb by D-T fusion and fission reactor neutrons are described. The radiation strengthening produced by a given fluence of fusion neutrons above about 10$sup 17$ n/cm$sup 2$ is equal to that produced by a fluence of fission reactor neutrons (E greater than 0.1 MeV) ten times as great. This difference is about twice as large as would be expected if the strengthening scaled with damage energy or dpa. Initial transmission electron microscopy observations of the damage structures in fusion and fission reactor neutron irradiated copper indicate that the same type of primary structural defects, vacancy and interstitial point defect clusters and small dislocation loops with a/3 (111) and a/2 (110) Burgers vectors, are produced in both cases. The difference in the radiation strengthening produced by fusion and fission reactor neutrons in Cu appears to result from a substantially greater rate of accumulation of damage, in the form of point defect clusters, during irradiation with fusion neutrons than during irradiation with fission reactor neutrons plus a significant difference in the size and spatial distributions of the damage clusters. (auth)

Mitchell, J.B.; Van Konynenburg, R.A.; Echer, C.J.; Parkin, D.M.

1975-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

130

DT fusion neutron radiation strengthening of copper and niobium  

SciTech Connect

The initial results of a comparative study of the radiation strengthening and damage structures produced in Cu and Nb by D-T fusion and fission reactor neutrons are described. The radiation strengthening produced by a given fluence of fusion neutrons above about 10$sup 17$n/cm$sup 2$ is equal to that produced by a fluence of fission reactor neutrons (E greater than 0.1 MeV) ten times as great. This difference is about twice as large as would be expected if the strengthening scaled with damage energy or dpa. Initial transmission electron microscopy observations of the damage structures in fusion and fission reactor neutron irradiated copper indicate that the same type of primary structural defects, vacancy and interstitial point defect clusters and small dislocation loops with a/3 (111) and a/2 (110) Burgers vectors, are produced in both cases. The difference in the radiation strengthening produced by fusion and fission reactor neutrons in Cu appears to result from a substantially greater rate of accumulation of damage, in the form of point defect clusters, during irradiation with fusion neutrons than during irradiation with fission reactor neutrons plus a significant difference in the size and spatial distributions of the damage clusters. (auth)

Mitchell, J.B.; Van Konynenburg, R.A.; Echer, C.J.; Parkin, D.M.

1975-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

131

Fano type quantum inequalities in terms of $q$-entropies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Generalizations of the quantum Fano inequality are considered. The notion of $q$-entropy exchange is introduced. This quantity is concave in each of its two arguments. For $q\\geq0$, the inequality of Fano type with $q$-entropic functionals is established. The notion of coherent information and the perfect reversibility of a quantum operation are discussed in the context of $q$-entropies. By the monotonicity property, the lower bound of Pinsker type in terms of the trace norm distance is obtained for the Tsallis relative $q$-entropy of order $q=1/2$. For $0\\leq{q}\\leq2$, Fano type quantum inequalities with freely variable parameters are obtained.

Alexey E. Rastegin

2010-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

132

Exponential inequalities for martingales and asymptotic properties of the free energy of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Exponential inequalities for martingales and asymptotic properties of the free energy of directed exponential concentration inequalities for the free energy of directed polymers in random environment, show in terms of free energies of some multiplicative cascades, which improves an inequality of Comets

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

133

Branch-and-Cut Algorithms for the Bilinear Matrix Inequality Eigenvalue Problem  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The optimization problem with the Bilinear Matrix Inequality (BMI) is one of the problems which have greatly interested researchers of system and control theory in the last few years. This inequality permits to reduce in an elegant way various problems ... Keywords: bilinear matrix inequality, branch-and-cut algorithm, convex relaxation, cut polytope, semidefinite programming

Mituhiro Fukuda; Masakazu Kojima

2001-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Carbon finance, tropical forests and the state : governing international climate risk in the Democratic Republic of Congo  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis examines how evolving norms of international climate change mitigation are translated into national forest governance policies and land management techniques in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). The ...

Gray, Ian P

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

DOE Strengthens Public Registry to Track Greenhouse Gas Emissions |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Public Registry to Track Greenhouse Gas Emissions Public Registry to Track Greenhouse Gas Emissions DOE Strengthens Public Registry to Track Greenhouse Gas Emissions April 17, 2006 - 10:20am Addthis Announces Revised Guidelines for U.S. Companies to Report and Register Reductions WASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman today announced revised guidelines for the department's Voluntary Greenhouse Gas Reporting Program, known as "1605 (b)" that encourage broader reporting of emissions and sequestration by utilities, and industries, as well as small businesses and institutions. The revised guidelines strengthen the existing public registry for emissions and sequestration data and introduce new methods for U.S. businesses and institutions to calculate entity-wide emission reductions that contribute to the President's goal of substantially

136

Strengthening Our Partnerships with Historically Black Colleges and  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Partnerships with Historically Black Colleges and Partnerships with Historically Black Colleges and Universities Strengthening Our Partnerships with Historically Black Colleges and Universities January 13, 2011 - 6:06pm Addthis Strengthening Our Partnerships with Historically Black Colleges and Universities Secretary Chu Secretary Chu Former Secretary of Energy Last February, President Obama renewed the White House Initiative on Historically Black Colleges and Universities to encourage collaboration between government agencies, educational associations, philanthropic organizations, the private sector and others to increase the capacity of HBCUs to provide high-quality education to a greater number of students. The Department of Energy is committed to supporting education at HBCUs and has partnered with HBCUs on a variety of projects. As part of that

137

Democratic Republic of Congo-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Democratic Republic of Congo-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) Jump to: navigation, search Name Democratic Republic of Congo-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) Agency/Company /Organization The European Union (EU), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), Australian Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency (DCCEE), Australian Agency for International Development (AusAID) Partner Multiple Ministries Sector Climate Focus Area Renewable Energy, Non-renewable Energy, Agriculture, Biomass, Buildings, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Forestry, Geothermal, Goods and Materials, Greenhouse Gas, Industry, Land Use, Offsets and Certificates, People and Policy, Solar, Transportation, Water Power, Wind

138

Strengthened lithium for x-ray blast windows  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lithium's high x-ray transparency makes it an attractive material for windows intended to protect soft x-ray diagnostics in high energy density experiments. Pure lithium is soft and weak, but lithium mixed with lithium hydride powder becomes harder and stronger, in principle without any additional x-ray absorption. A comparison with the standard material for x-ray windows, beryllium, suggests that lithium or lithium strengthened by lithium hydride may well be an excellent option for such windows.

Pereira, N. R. [Ecopulse Inc., P.O. Box 528, Springfield, Virginia 22150 (United States); Imam, M. A. [Materials Science and Technology Division, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC 20375 (United States)

2008-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

139

Strengthening Line Management Oversight and Federal Monitoring of Nuclear Facilities  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

14 14 Strengthening Line Management Oversight and Federal Monitoring of Nuclear Facilities Standard Review Plan Commercial Grade Dedication (CGD) August 2013 2 of 14 OFFICE OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT Standard Review Plan (SRP) Commercial Grade Dedication (CGD) Applicability CD-0 CD-1 CD-2 CD-3 CD-4 Operation Post Operation August 2013 3 of 14 Table of Contents Objective ....................................................................................................................................................... 4 Overview of Commercial Grade Dedication for Nuclear Facilities .............................................................. 4 Requirements ................................................................................................................................................ 5

140

Low Cost Fabrication of Oxide Dispersion Strengthened Materials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Low Cost Fabrication of Oxide Dispersion Low Cost Fabrication of Oxide Dispersion Strengthened Materials Background To obtain significant increases in the efficiency of coal fired power plants, steam pressure and temperature must be increased beyond current technology to advanced ultra-supercritical (A-USC) conditions -temperatures and pressures up to 760 degrees Celsius (°C) and 35 megapascals (MPa). The upper bounds of operating pressure and temperature are limited by the properties of the current set

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inequality strengthening democratic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

U.S. and Kazakhstan Strengthen Energy Ties During Secretary Bodman...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Kazakhstan Strengthen Energy Ties During Secretary Bodman's Visit U.S. and Kazakhstan Strengthen Energy Ties During Secretary Bodman's Visit March 14, 2006 - 11:51am Addthis Meets...

142

Nano-scale strengthening from grains, subgrains, and particles in Fe-based alloys  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

x ULTRAFINE GRAINED MATERIALS Nano-scale strengthening fromSpringerlink.com Abstract Nano-scale strengthening has beenless than 20 h), develop nano-scale subgrains [15]. These

Lesuer, D. R.; Syn, C. K.; Sherby, O. D.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

U.S. Department of Energy and Qatar Sign Agreement to Strengthen...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Qatar Sign Agreement to Strengthen Cooperation on Clean Energy U.S. Department of Energy and Qatar Sign Agreement to Strengthen Cooperation on Clean Energy April 6, 2011 - 12:00am...

144

Robust Metric Inequalities for the ?-Robust Network Loading Problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

classical NLP and give the state of the art of metric inequalities. ... routed between the nodes of G. Every commodity consists of an ordered source-target pair (sk, tk) ... with a unit cost ?e for e ? E. The number of capacity units installed at edge e ...

145

Outsourcing and wage inequality in the home country  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation consists of three essays, which mainly talk about the wage inequality caused by outsourcing in the source countries like the US. The title of the first essay is “Does Outsourcing Always Benefit Skilled Labor? A Dynamic Product Cycle Model Approach.” To understand why outsourcing did not cause wage inequality in the 1970s, I build a dynamic product cycle model with three kinds of labor inputs, scientists, white-collar workers, and blue-collar workers. First, only a homogenous representative producer exists in the model and then the paper allows for producer heterogeneity. According to my theoretical model, outsourcing can hurt skilled labor and does not cause wage inequality if outsourcing industries are absolutely blue-collar worker-intensive compared to non-outsourcing industries. Only scientists who conduct research and development always benefit from outsourcing. The second essay is an empirical work. The title is “Outsourcing, Innovation, and Wage Inequality in the United States: What Happened to the Outsourcing Effect on Wage Inequality in the 1970s?” I find that, in the 1970s, white-collar workers’ wages deteriorated and blue-collar workers’ wages were non-decreasing. R&D workers always benefit from outsourcing. Except computers and high-technology capital, innovation expenditure on wage payment was an additional source of wage inequality in the 1980s. The last essay is named “Beyond the Wage Inequality, the Impact of Outsourcing on the U.S. Labor Market.” To understand the impact of outsourcing on employment, I examine laborers’ ages, gender ratio, years of education, and job tenure and retention rates. By employing the January Current Population Survey (CPS) data, the National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) production data, and outsourcing data provided by Feenstra and Hanson, I find that outsourcing decreased blue-collar laborers’ average years of completed education; increased the hiring of females into white-collar workers, and increased job stability of unskilled and skilled laborers in the 1980s. Thus, outsourcing did not take away unskilled laborers’ jobs but hindered new hiring of young unskilled workers

Hsu, Kuang-Chung

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, TB and Malaria & Health Systems Strengthening: An Organizational and Policy Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

describes its organizational policies around health systemsHealth Systems Strengthening: An Organizational and PolicyHealth Systems Strengthening: An Organizational and Policy

Weber, Stephanie Elise

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Process for strengthening aluminum based ceramics and material  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A process for strengthening aluminum based ceramics is provided. A gaseous atmosphere consisting essentially of silicon monoxide gas is formed by exposing a source of silicon to an atmosphere consisting essentially of hydrogen and a sufficient amount of water vapor. The aluminum based ceramic is exposed to the gaseous silicon monoxide atmosphere for a period of time and at a temperature sufficient to produce a continuous, stable silicon-containing film on the surface of the aluminum based ceramic that increases the strength of the ceramic.

Moorhead, Arthur J. (Knoxville, TN); Kim, Hyoun-Ee (Seoul, KR)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Developing Asia |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

for Low Carbon Growth in Developing Asia for Low Carbon Growth in Developing Asia Jump to: navigation, search Name Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Developing Asia Agency/Company /Organization Asian Development Bank Partner Japan, United Kingdom Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Non-renewable Energy, Buildings, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Greenhouse Gas, Grid Assessment and Integration, People and Policy, Transportation Topics Baseline projection, GHG inventory, Low emission development planning, Market analysis, Pathways analysis, Policies/deployment programs Program Start 2011 Program End 2013 Country Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam South-Eastern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, South-Eastern Asia

149

Process for strengthening aluminum based ceramics and material  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process for strengthening aluminum based ceramics is provided. A gaseous atmosphere consisting essentially of silicon monoxide gas is formed by exposing a source of silicon to an atmosphere consisting essentially of hydrogen and a sufficient amount of water vapor. The aluminum based ceramic is exposed to the gaseous silicon monoxide atmosphere for a period of time and at a temperature sufficient to produce a continuous, stable silicon-containing film on the surface of the aluminum based ceramic that increases the strength of the ceramic.

Moorhead, Arthur J.; Kim, Hyoun-Ee

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Molecular orientation entanglement and temporal Bell-type inequalities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We detail and extend the results of [Milman {\\it et al.}, Phys. Rev. Lett. {\\bf 99}, 130405 (2007)] on Bell-type inequalities based on correlations between measurements of continuous observables performed on trapped molecular systems. We show that for some observables with a continuous spectrum which is bounded, one is able to construct non-locality tests sharing common properties with those for two-level systems. The specific observable studied here is molecular spatial orientation, and it can be experimentally measured for single molecules, as required in our protocol. We also provide some useful general properties of the derived inequalities and study their robustness to noise. Finally, we detail possible experimental scenarii and analyze the role played by different experimental parameters.

P. Milman; A. Keller; E. Charron; O. Atabek

2008-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

151

NETL: News Release - National Labs to Strengthen Natural Gas Pipeline's  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

National Labs to Strengthen Natural Gas Pipelines' Integrity, Reliability National Labs to Strengthen Natural Gas Pipelines' Integrity, Reliability DOE Receives 24 Proposals, Valued at Half Billion Dollars, For Technologies to Improve Power Plants, Cut Emissions MORGANTOWN, WV - To identify and develop advanced technology for the nation's natural gas pipelines, the Energy Department is calling upon the national labs to assist private industry in developing innovative technologies that establish a framework for future natural gas transmission and distribution systems. The laboratories will help 11 government-industry cost-shared projects, many of which center around detection devices designed to prevent pipeline damage, DOE selected earlier this year (see May 31, 2001, announcement). DOE estimates that natural gas consumption will increase by 60 percent by 2020, placing an unaccustomed demand on the U.S.'s aging natural gas infrastructure. The already-selected 11 projects address that need by demonstrating robotics and other sophisticated ways of bolstering strength, and, therefore, the integrity and reliability of the pipelines the crisscross the country.

152

The Riemannian Penrose Inequality with Charge for Multiple Black Holes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a proof of the Riemannian Penrose inequality with charge $r\\leq m + \\sqrt{m^2-q^2}$, where $A=4\\pi r^2$ is the area of the outermost apparent horizon with possibly multiple connected components, $m$ is the total ADM mass, and $q$ the total charge of a strongly asymptotically flat initial data set for the Einstein-Maxwell equations, satisfying the charged dominant energy condition, with no charged matter outside the horizon.

Marcus Khuri; Gilbert Weinstein; Sumio Yamada

2013-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

153

A Kochen-Specker inequality from a SIC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Yu and Oh [1] have given a state independent proof of the Kochen-Specker theorem in three dimensions using only 13 rays. The proof consists of showing that a non-contextual hidden variable theory necessarily leads to an inequality that is violated by quantum mechanics. We give a similar proof making use of 21 rays that constitute a SIC and four Mutually Unbiased Bases.

Ingemar Bengtsson; Kate Blanchfield; Adan Cabello

2011-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

154

A geometrical loophole in Bell-type inequalities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We point out a possible loophole in the derivation of the Bell inequalities that have been used in connection with the experiments of Aspect {\\em et al.} to claim that quantum mechanics (QM) cannot be a hidden-variables theory. We provide a very simple hidden-variable derivation for a probability of the type ${1\\over{2}} \\cos^{2}(\\Psi_{12})$ that occurs in the experiments of Aspect {\\em et al.}

G. Coddens

2013-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

155

Quantum Energy Inequality for the Massive Ising Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Quantum Energy Inequality (QEI) is derived for the massive Ising model, giving a state-independent lower bound on suitable averages of the energy density; the first QEI to be established for an interacting quantum field theory with nontrivial S-matrix. It is shown that the Ising model has one-particle states with locally negative energy densities, and that the energy density operator is not additive with respect to combination of one-particle states into multi-particle configurations.

Bostelmann, Henning; Fewster, Christopher J

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Trade-Off Between Consumption Growth and Inequality: Theory and Evidence for Germany  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper examines the structure and evolution of consumption inequality. Once heterogeneous agents relate their neighbors ’ consumption to their own, consumption volatility and inequality are affected. The model predicts a positive relationship between the group specific average consumption growth and within-group inequality, which is empirically confirmed using survey data from the German Socio-Economic Panel (GSOEP) covering the period 1984-2005. Age and household size are crucial for within-group inequality, as young and/or small households are more sensitive to income and consumption shocks. The data also shows increases of within-group inequality directly after the reunification and the introduction of the euro. Preliminary! Keywords: consumption inequality, consumption growth, German Socio-Economic Panel,

Runli Xie; Jel Codes E

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Mixed n-Step MIR Inequalities: Facets for the n-Mixing Set  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sep 29, 2011 ... Mathematical Programming 120(2009) 313-346] introduced the n-step MIR inequalities for the mixed integer knapsack set through a ...

158

n-step Mingling Inequalities: New Facets for the Mixed-Integer ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The n-step mixed integer rounding (MIR) inequalities of Kianfar and Fathi [10] are valid ... periodic n-step MIR functions and define facets for group problems.

159

Optimization Online - On n-step MIR and Partition Inequalities for ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mar 13, 2011 ... On n-step MIR and Partition Inequalities for Integer Knapsack and Single-node Capacitated Flow Sets. Kiavash Kianfar (kianfar ***at*** ...

160

On the strength of cut-based inequalities for capacitated network ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

installed multiple times on every link of the network (modular capacity ...... S weak because in this case inequality (13) is dominated by the sum of the ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inequality strengthening democratic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Strengthening Today's Science Talent to Become Tomorrow's Science Leaders |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Today's Science Talent to Become Tomorrow's Science Today's Science Talent to Become Tomorrow's Science Leaders Strengthening Today's Science Talent to Become Tomorrow's Science Leaders December 15, 2010 - 11:56am Addthis Director Brinkman Director Brinkman Director of the Office of Science A hidden strength of science is its diversity. That strength was visible yesterday as the Energy Department celebrated its 13 winners of the Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers (PECASE). Secretary Chu, Principal Deputy Administrator for the National Nuclear Security Administration Neile L. Miller and Undersecretary for Science Steve Koonin joined me in honoring these awardees, outstanding in science and service. Three winners came from Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Sergei V. Kalinin won for applying his insights into scanning probe microscopy principles to

162

Computational Design of Ferritic-Alumina-Strengthened Alloys  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

304-285-4721 robert.romanosky@netl.doe.gov Patricia a. Rawls Project Manager National Energy Technology Laboratory 626 Cochrans Mill Road P.O. Box 10940 Pittsburgh, PA 15236-0940 412-386-5882 patricia.rawls@netl.doe.gov Peter K. Liaw (Principal Investigator), chain t. Liu University of Tennessee - Knoxville 427-B Dougherty Engineering Building Department of Materials Science & Engineering Knoxville, TN 37996-2200 865-974-6356, 865-974-5567 pliaw@utk.edu, liuct@ornl.gov Computational Design of ferritiC- alumina-strengtheneD alloys Description Innovative, high-temperature, corrosion-resistant materials are critical to improving efficiency and lowering emissions of advanced turbine power generation systems - key elements in the development of new coal-based energy systems. Through its

163

ORISE: Helping Strengthen Emergency Response Capabilities for DOE  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Response Response Firefighters assisting a disaster victim The Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE) helps strengthen government agencies' emergency response capabilities through a variety of exercises, from tabletop training to full-scale drills. ORISE supports emergency response needs across multiple disciplines, including the medical management of radiation incidents through the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Radiation Emergency Assistance Center/Training Site (REAC/TS). As a DOE reponse asset, REAC/TS is available 24 hours a day/seven days a week to deploy and provide emergency medical treatment for all types of radiation exposure anywhere in the world. Each interdisciplinary team includes a physician, nurse/paramedic and health physicist who are

164

Strengthening Our Continued Partnership with Iraq | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Continued Partnership with Iraq Continued Partnership with Iraq Strengthening Our Continued Partnership with Iraq February 28, 2011 - 2:43pm Addthis Deputy Secretary Daniel Poneman and Iraqi President Jalal Talabani exchanging official photographs as they conclude their meeting. | Energy Department Photo Deputy Secretary Daniel Poneman and Iraqi President Jalal Talabani exchanging official photographs as they conclude their meeting. | Energy Department Photo Jen Stutsman Press Secretary, Office of Public Affairs Last week, as part of a week-long trip to the Middle East, Deputy Secretary Daniel Poneman led a U.S. interagency delegation for a three-day visit to Baghdad. The trip is part of the U.S. Government's broad commitment to partner with Iraq as it continues to rebuild and grow its economy.

165

Nano-Scale Nitride-Particle Strengthened High-Temperature Ferritic ...  

Nano-Scale Nitride-Particle Strengthened High-Temperature Ferritic and Martensitic Steels Produced by a Thermo-Mechanical Treatment Process Note: The technology ...

166

Yittria and Alumina Nano-scale Oxide-dispersion-strengthened (ODS)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Effect of Oxide Dispersion Strengthening on Spark Plasma Sintering Kinetics of 13Cr-2Mo ... Synthesis of TiN Nanorods by Thermal Decomposition of Solid/Gas

167

the effect of nb, ti, al on precipitation and strengthening behavior of ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

high temperature industries. However, the ceiling temperature for Alloy 718 is 650 because of. ? the instability of main strengthening phase ??-Ni3(Nb,Ti,Al).

168

Detecting Triangle Inequality Violations in Internet Coordinate Systems by Supervised Learning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Internet Coordinates Systems (ICS) are used to predict Internet distances with limited measurements. However the precision of an ICS is degraded by the presence of Triangle Inequality Violations (TIVs). Simple methods have been proposed to detect TIVs, ... Keywords: Decision Trees, Internet Coordinate System, Supervised Learning, Triangle Inequality Violation

Yongjun Liao; Mohamed Ali Kaafar; Bamba Gueye; François Cantin; Pierre Geurts; Guy Leduc

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

A short remark on negative energy densities and quantum inequalities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In quantum field theory it is generally known that the energy density may be negative at a given point in spacetime. A number of papers have shown that there is a restriction on this energy density which is called a quantum inequality (QI). A QI is the lower bound to the "weighted average" of the energy density at a given point integrated over a time dependent sampling function. In this paper we give an example of a sampling function for which there is no QI.

Solomon, Dan

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

A short remark on negative energy densities and quantum inequalities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In quantum field theory it is generally known that the energy density may be negative at a given point in spacetime. A number of papers have shown that there is a restriction on this energy density which is called a quantum inequality (QI). A QI is the lower bound to the "weighted average" of the energy density at a given point integrated over a time dependent sampling function. In this paper we give an example of a sampling function for which there is no QI.

Dan Solomon

2009-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

171

INDONESIA'S DEMOCRATIC TRANSFORMATION Launch by Prof the Hon Gareth Evans, Chancellor, of Harold Crouch, Political Reform in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

INDONESIA'S DEMOCRATIC TRANSFORMATION Launch by Prof the Hon Gareth Evans, Chancellor, of Harold Crouch, Political Reform in Indonesia after Soeharto and Edward Aspinall and Marcus Mietzner (eds) Problems of Democratisation in Indonesia, College of Asia and the Pacific, Australian National University

Botea, Adi

172

EIA and green procurement: Opportunities for strengthening their coordination  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

EIA plays an important role in enhancing the environmental performance of the construction sector. In recent years, the construction sector has been developing green procurement practices. Green procurement is a process that involves the incorporation of environmental requirements during the procurement of services and products. However, discussion on green procurement is rarely seen during the EIA phase. This paper addresses possible opportunities for improving the coordination between EIA and green procurement within the construction sector. The linking of EIA and green procurement has been postulated in the paper as an aid to strengthen the coordination between project planning and implementation. The paper is based on a literature review and is an outcome of an on-going research project concerning EIA and green procurement. This study indicated that it would be appropriate to introduce green procurement during the pre-decision phase of an EIA. In the present study, the opportunities for integrating green procurement at the stage of EIA are associated with the integration of project planning and EIA. Future research should investigate the mechanism through which the link can be established. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer This paper identifies opportunities to link EIA and green procurement. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Pre-decision phase of EIA could be appropriate for planning green procurement. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Future research should investigate the mechanism for establishing the link.

Uttam, Kedar, E-mail: kedar@kth.se [Department of Land and Water Resources Engineering, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm (Sweden); Faith-Ell, Charlotta, E-mail: charlotta.faith-ell@WSPGroup.se [WSP Sweden (Sweden); Balfors, Berit, E-mail: balfors@kth.se [Department of Land and Water Resources Engineering, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm (Sweden)

2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

173

Oxide Dispersion Strengthened Iron Aluminide by CVD Coated Powders  

SciTech Connect

This I &I Category2 program developed chemical vapor deposition (CVD) of iron, aluminum and aluminum oxide coated iron powders and the availability of high temperature oxidation, corrosion and erosion resistant coating for future power generation equipment and can be used for retrofitting existing fossil-fired power plant equipment. This coating will provide enhanced life and performance of Coal-Fired Boilers components such as fire side corrosion on the outer diameter (OD) of the water wall and superheater tubing as well as on the inner diameter (ID) and OD of larger diameter headers. The program also developed a manufacturing route for readily available thermal spray powders for iron aluminide coating and fabrication of net shape component by powder metallurgy route using this CVD coated powders. This coating can also be applid on jet engine compressor blade and housing, industrial heat treating furnace fixtures, magnetic electronic parts, heating element, piping and tubing for fossil energy application and automotive application, chemical processing equipment , heat exchanger, and structural member of aircraft. The program also resulted in developing a new fabrication route of thermal spray coating and oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) iron aluminide composites enabling more precise control over material microstructures.

Asit Biswas Andrew J. Sherman

2006-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

174

Single-qubit tests of Bell-like inequalities  

SciTech Connect

This paper discusses some tests of Bell-like inequalities not requiring entangled states. The proposed tests are based on consecutive measurements on a single qubit. Available hidden-variable models for a single qubit [see, e.g., J. S. Bell, Rev. Mod. Phys. 38, 447 (1966)] reproduce the predictions of quantum mechanics and hence violate the Bell-like inequalities addressed in this paper. It is shown how this fact is connected with the state 'collapse' and with its random nature. Thus, it becomes possible to test truly realistic and deterministic hidden-variable models. In this way, it can be shown that a hidden-variable model should entail at least one of the following features: (i) nonlocality, (ii) contextuality, or (iii) discontinuous measurement-dependent probability functions. The last two features are put to the test with the experiments proposed in this paper. A hidden-variable model that is noncontextual and deterministic would be at variance with some predictions of quantum mechanics. Furthermore, the proposed tests are more likely to be loophole-free, as compared to former ones.

Zela, F. de [Departamento de Ciencias, Seccion Fisica Pontificia, Universidad Catolica del Peru, Apartado 1761, Lima (Peru)

2007-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

175

Shaking Table Tests Validating Two Strengthening Interventions on Masonry Buildings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Masonry buildings constitute quite often a precious cultural heritage for our cities. In order to future generations can enjoy this heritage, thence, effective projects of protection should be developed against all the anthropical and natural actions which may irreparably damage old masonry buildings. However, the strengthening interventions on these constructions have to respect their authenticity, without altering the original conception, not only functionally and aesthetically of course, but also statically. These issues are of central interests in the Messina area, where the seismic protection of new and existing constructions is a primary demand. It is well known, in fact, that the city of Messina lies in a highly seismic zone, and has been subjected to two destructive earthquakes in slightly more than one century, the 1783 Calabria earthquake and the more famous 1908 Messina-Reggio Calabria earthquake. It follows that the retrofitting projects on buildings which survived these two events should be designed with the aim to save the life of occupants operating with 'light' techniques, i.e. respecting the original structural scheme. On the other hand, recent earthquakes, and in particular the 1997 Umbria-Marche sequence, unequivocally demonstrated that some of the most popular retrofitting interventions adopted in the second half the last century are absolutely ineffective, or even unsafe. Over these years, in fact, a number of 'heavy' techniques proliferated, and therefore old masonry buildings suffered, among others, the substitution of existing timber slabs with more ponderous concrete slabs and/or the insertion of RC and steel members coupled with the original masonry elements (walls, arches, vaults). As a result, these buildings have been transformed by unwise engineers into hybrid structures, having a mixed behaviour (which frequently proved to be also unpredictable) between those of historic masonry and new members. Starting from these considerations, a numerical and experimental research has been carried out, aimed at validating two different strengthening interventions on masonry buildings: (i) the substitution of the existing roof with timber-concrete composite slabs, which are able to improve the dynamic behaviour of the structure without excessively increase the mass, and (ii) the reinforcement of masonry walls with FRP materials, which allow increasing both stiffness and strength of the construction. The experimental tests have been performed on a 1:2 scale model of a masonry building resembling a special type, the so-called 'tipo misto messinese', which is proper to the reconstruction of the city of Messina after the 1783 Calabria earthquake. The model, incorporating a novel timber-concrete composite slab, has been tested on the main shaking table available at the ENEA Research Centre 'Casaccia', both before and after the reinforcement with FRP materials. Some aspects related to the definition of the model and to the selection of an appropriate seismic input will be discussed, and numerical results confirming the effectiveness of the interventions mentioned above will be presented.

De Canio, Gerardo; Poggi, Massimo; Clemente, Paolo [Research Centre 'Casaccia', ENEA, Roma (Italy); Muscolino, Giuseppe [Department of Civil Engineering, University of Messina (Italy); Palmeri, Alessandro [School of Engineering, Design and Technology, University of Bradford (United Kingdom)

2008-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

176

Towards loophole-free Bell inequality test with preselected unsymmetrical singlet states of light  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The ultimate confirmation of the quantum theory by a loophole-free Bell inequality test is still missing. We examine the possibility of a loophole-free CHSH-Bell inequality test with unsymmetrical singlet states of light by employing preselection procedure which is performed prior to the test. We show an example of preselection scheme which allows to improve violation of this inequality with the micro-macro polarization singlet produced by the optimal quantum cloning. The preselection is realized by a POVM which is believed not to be useful for this purpose. The test is based on linear optical elements and is feasible within the current technology.

M. Stobi?ska; F. Töppel; P. Sekatski; A. Buraczewski

2013-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

177

Violation of Bell-like Inequality for spin-energy entanglement in neutron polarimetry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Violation of a Bell-like inequality for a spin-energy entangled neutron state has been confirmed in a polarimetric experiment. The proposed inequality, in Clauser-Horne-Shimony-Holt (CHSH) formalism, relies on correlations between the spin and energy degree of freedom in a single-neutron system. The entangled states are generated utilizing a suitable combination of two radio-frequency fields in a neutron polarimeter setup. The correlation function S is determined to be 2.333+/-0.005, which violates the Bell-like CHSH inequality by more than 66 standard deviations.

S. Sponar; J. Klepp; C. Zeiner; G. Badurek; Y. Hasegawa

2009-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

178

Strict inequalities for connective constants of transitive graphs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The connective constant of a graph is the exponential growth rate of the number of self-avoiding walks starting at a given vertex. Strict inequalities are proved for connective constants of vertex-transitive graphs. Firstly, the connective constant decreases strictly when the graph is replaced by a non-trivial quotient graph. Secondly, the connective constant increases strictly when a quasi-transitive family of new edges is added. These results have the following implications for Cayley graphs. The connective constant of a Cayley graph decreases strictly when a new relator is added to the group, and increases strictly when a non-trivial group element is declared to be a generator.

Geoffrey R. Grimmett; Zhongyang Li

2013-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

179

Department of Energy Announces $39 Million to Strengthen University-Led  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Announces $39 Million to Strengthen Announces $39 Million to Strengthen University-Led Nuclear Energy Research and Development Department of Energy Announces $39 Million to Strengthen University-Led Nuclear Energy Research and Development August 9, 2011 - 11:51am Addthis 51 Projects Aim to Cut Carbon Pollution, Create Clean Energy Jobs and Strengthen America's Nuclear Energy Industry Washington, D.C. - The Department of Energy today announced that it has awarded up to $39 million in research grants aimed at developing cutting-edge nuclear energy technologies and training and educating the next generation of leaders in the U.S. nuclear industry. Speaking at the U.S. Department of Energy's annual Nuclear Energy University Programs (NEUP) workshop in Chicago, Assistant Secretary Peter Lyons said the grants

180

Kenya-Strengthening Adaptation and Resilience to Climate Change(StARCK) |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya-Strengthening Adaptation and Resilience to Climate Change(StARCK) Kenya-Strengthening Adaptation and Resilience to Climate Change(StARCK) Jump to: navigation, search Name Strengthening Adaptation and Resilience to Climate Change in Kenya (StARCK) Agency/Company /Organization United Kingdom Department for International Development Sector Climate Focus Area Greenhouse Gas Topics Adaptation, Co-benefits assessment, Low emission development planning Website http://projects.dfid.gov.uk/pr Program Start 2010 Program End 2013 Country Kenya Eastern Africa References Strengthening Adaptation and Resilience to Climate Change in Kenya (StARCK) [1] The intended outcome of the programme is that new mechanisms are established by the Govt. of Kenya, private sector and civil society to enable substantially expanded investments for increased resilience to

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inequality strengthening democratic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Department of Energy Announces $39 Million to Strengthen University-Led  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

39 Million to Strengthen 39 Million to Strengthen University-Led Nuclear Energy Research and Development Department of Energy Announces $39 Million to Strengthen University-Led Nuclear Energy Research and Development August 9, 2011 - 11:51am Addthis 51 Projects Aim to Cut Carbon Pollution, Create Clean Energy Jobs and Strengthen America's Nuclear Energy Industry Washington, D.C. - The Department of Energy today announced that it has awarded up to $39 million in research grants aimed at developing cutting-edge nuclear energy technologies and training and educating the next generation of leaders in the U.S. nuclear industry. Speaking at the U.S. Department of Energy's annual Nuclear Energy University Programs (NEUP) workshop in Chicago, Assistant Secretary Peter Lyons said the grants

182

EPA, DOE Announce New Steps to Strengthen ENERGY STAR | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EPA, DOE Announce New Steps to Strengthen ENERGY STAR EPA, DOE Announce New Steps to Strengthen ENERGY STAR EPA, DOE Announce New Steps to Strengthen ENERGY STAR March 19, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON - The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the U.S. Department of Energy today outlined a series of steps to further strengthen the trusted ENERGY STAR® program. This action comes at a critical time for American consumers, many of whom struggle to keep up with their monthly energy bills. In addition to third-party testing already underway, EPA and DOE have launched a new two-step process to expand testing of ENERGY STAR® qualified products. This week, DOE began testing of some of the most commonly used appliances, which account for more than 25% of a household's energy bill, and both agencies are now developing a system to test all

183

Vietnam-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Developing  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Vietnam-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Developing Vietnam-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Developing Asia Jump to: navigation, search Name Vietnam-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Developing Asia Agency/Company /Organization Asian Development Bank Partner Japan, United Kingdom Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Non-renewable Energy, Buildings, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Greenhouse Gas, Grid Assessment and Integration, People and Policy, Transportation Topics Baseline projection, GHG inventory, Low emission development planning, Market analysis, Pathways analysis, Policies/deployment programs Program Start 2011 Program End 2013 Country Vietnam South-Eastern Asia References Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Developing Asia[1]

184

EPA, DOE Announce New Steps to Strengthen ENERGY STAR | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EPA, DOE Announce New Steps to Strengthen ENERGY STAR EPA, DOE Announce New Steps to Strengthen ENERGY STAR EPA, DOE Announce New Steps to Strengthen ENERGY STAR March 19, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON - The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the U.S. Department of Energy today outlined a series of steps to further strengthen the trusted ENERGY STAR® program. This action comes at a critical time for American consumers, many of whom struggle to keep up with their monthly energy bills. In addition to third-party testing already underway, EPA and DOE have launched a new two-step process to expand testing of ENERGY STAR® qualified products. This week, DOE began testing of some of the most commonly used appliances, which account for more than 25% of a household's energy bill, and both agencies are now developing a system to test all

185

How ORISE is Making a Difference: REAC/TS Strengthens Preparedness for  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

REAC/TS Strengthens Preparedness for Radiation Emergencies Worldwide REAC/TS Strengthens Preparedness for Radiation Emergencies Worldwide ORISE's Global Partnerships Strengthen International Preparedness for Radiological Emergencies The Radiation Emergency Assistance Center/Training Site (REAC/TS) at the Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE) continues to establish international partnerships through education, exercises and conferences, which is helping to strengthen radiation emergency medical response around the globe. REAC/TS' international collaborations include observing a national full-field exercise at the Korea Hydroelectric CANDU Nuclear Power Plant complex in Wolsong, South Korea. The Republic of Korea Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) invited REAC/TS Director Albert Wiley, M.D., Ph.D.,

186

Gas atomized precursor alloy powder for oxide dispersion strengthened ferritic stainless steel.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Gas atomization reaction synthesis (GARS) was employed as a simplified method for producing precursor powders for oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) ferritic stainless steels (e.g., Fe-Cr-Y-(Ti,Hf)-O),… (more)

Rieken, Joel Rodney

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Strengthening of the Pacific Equatorial Undercurrent in the SODA ocean reanalysis: mechanisms, ocean dynamics, and implications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Several recent studies utilizing global climate models predict that the Pacific Equatorial Undercurrent (EUC) will strengthen over the 21st century. Here we investigate historical changes in the tropical Pacific using the SODA ocean reanalysis ...

Elizabeth J. Drenkard; Kristopher B. Karnauskas

188

Approximate Bregman near neighbors in sublinear time: Beyond the triangle inequality  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bregman divergences are important distance measures that are used extensively in data-driven applications such as computer vision, text mining, and speech processing, and are a key focus of interest in machine learning. Answering nearest neighbor (NN) queries under these measures very important in these applications and has been the subject of extensive study, but is problematic because these distance measures lack metric properties like symmetry and the triangle inequality. In this paper, we present the first approximate nearest-neighbor (ANN) algorithms, which run in polylog(n) time for Bregman divergences of fixed dimension. To do so, we explore two properties of Bregman divergences that are vital to the analysis: a reverse triangle inequality (RTI) and a relaxed triangle inequality called mu-defectiveness. We show that even though Bregman divergences do not satisfy the triangle inequality, the above properties can be utilized to design an efficient search data structure that follows the general two-stage ...

Abdullah, Amirali; Venkatasubramanian, Suresh

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Does having women in positions of power reduce gender inequality in organizations? : a direct test  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

While most research on gender inequality in organizations has focused on the "glass ceilings" barring women from obtaining high-status, or management, positions, as women continue to gain access to these organizational ...

Abraham, Mabel Lana Botelho

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Remez-type inequality for non-dense M?ntz spaces with ... - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

REMEZ-TYPE INEQUALITY FOR NON-DENSE. M8UNTZ SPACES WITH EXPLICIT BOUND. PEtER BoRwEin AnD TAm wAs ?RD wElyi. AbstRAct.

191

On n-step MIR and Partition Inequalities for Integer Knapsack and ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the case of divisible coefficients, n-step MIR directly generates the partition inequalities ... Our results provide a new perspective based on n-step MIR into the ...

192

Horizontal Inequity and Vertical Redistribution with Indirect Taxes: the Greek Case  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, unequal treatment of equals and hence horizontal inequity may arise because of the specific intention of treating distinct groups differently (married, single, homeowners, etc.) or different sources of income or categories of expenditure differently...

Kaplanoglou, G; Newbery, David

193

Cryptographic security of the quantum key distribution from the triangle inequality  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that the Csiszar-Korner sufficient condition for secure cryptographic key generation with the help of quantum theory can be easily derived using the triangle inequality for an information-theoretic distance.

Pawel Kurzynski; Marcin Markiewicz; Dagomir Kaszlikowski

2013-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

194

Qualification of New, Commercial Oxide Dispersion-Strengthened Alloys for Use in Advanced Fossil Processes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Qualification of New, Commercial Oxide Qualification of New, Commercial Oxide Dispersion-Strengthened Alloys for Use in Advanced Fossil Processes Background Advanced higher-efficiency power generation plants would typically operate at higher temperatures and pressures than existing fleet, and would require materials that can withstand operations at these higher temperatures and pressures. Special ferritic alloys of iron called oxide dispersion-strengthened (ODS) steel have the

195

The relative isoperimetric inequality on a conformally parabolic manifold with boundary  

SciTech Connect

For an arbitrary noncompact n-dimensional Riemannian manifold with a boundary of conformally parabolic type it is proved that there exists a conformal change of metric such that a relative isoperimetric inequality of the same form as in the closed n-dimensional Euclidean half-space holds on the manifold with the new metric. This isoperimetric inequality is asymptotically sharp. Bibliography: 6 titles.

Kesel'man, Vladimir M [Moscow State Industrial University, Moscow (Russian Federation)

2011-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

196

How Tyranny Paved the Way to Wealth and Democracy: The Democratic Transition in Ancient Greece  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract: When a ruling elite is unable to commit to future growth-promoting policies, it may cede political power to a broader segment of the public, as in North and Weingast (1989). Alternatively, as we show in this paper, commitment may be achieved by moving in the opposite direction: installing a single authoritarian ruler who favors growth-promoting policies. Although this narrows the distribution of power in the short run, it may – as our model illustrates – be a step toward, not away from, democracy. We apply the model to ancient Greece. Many of the famously democratic poleis (city-states) of Greece’s Classical period were ruled by tyrants in the earlier Archaic period. The tyrannies of Archaic Greece were transitory institutions, generally lasting only a few decades, with strong similarities across poleis in the factors that led to their appearance and the types of policies enacted. Using a unique data set, we examine the relationships between the potential for economic growth, Archaic period tyranny, and Classical period democracy. We conclude that a high potential for economic growth led to a pro-growth political institution (the tyrant) that led in turn to increased wealth and, eventually, to democracy. These findings are consistent with critical junctures theory – the institutional path determines both wealth and democracy. We are deeply indebted to Josh Ober for making available to us a wealth of ancient Greek data, and for inviting us to participate in Stanford University’s Emergence of Cooperation Colloquium. We also benefitted from numerous discussions with other Colloquium participants. For helpful comments on this paper, we thank Yoram Barzel, Ron Johnson, Ian Morris, Josh Ober, and seminar participants at Colby College, the University of Washington, and the 2009 Michael P. Malone Memorial Conference. When Greece had grown more powerful and was still more than before engaged in the acquisition of wealth, tyrannies were established in the cities.

Robert K. Fleck; F. Andrew Hanssen

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

U.S. and UAE Sign Agreement to Strengthen Cooperation on Clean Energy |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

U.S. and UAE Sign Agreement to Strengthen Cooperation on Clean U.S. and UAE Sign Agreement to Strengthen Cooperation on Clean Energy U.S. and UAE Sign Agreement to Strengthen Cooperation on Clean Energy April 26, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis Washington, D.C. - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and Masdar, Abu Dhabi's multifaceted renewable energy initiative, today signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to promote collaboration on clean and sustainable energy technologies. The agreement, signed at DOE by U.S. Deputy Secretary of Energy Daniel Poneman and Dr. Sultan Ahmed Al Jaber, CEO of Masdar, builds on the historically strong ties between the United States and the United Arab Emirates to establish a framework for cooperation in three key areas - carbon capture and sequestration, water and bio-fuels, and building technology. The agreement opens the door for scientific and technical

198

Vietnam-Strengthening Public and Private Climate Finance in Asia | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Vietnam-Strengthening Public and Private Climate Finance in Asia Vietnam-Strengthening Public and Private Climate Finance in Asia Jump to: navigation, search Name Vietnam-Strengthening Public and Private Climate Finance in Asia Agency/Company /Organization Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), German Agency for International Cooperation (GIZ), United Kingdom Department for International Development Partner Government of Asian Countries Sector Climate Focus Area Greenhouse Gas Topics Finance, Low emission development planning Country Vietnam South-Eastern Asia References CDKN[1] Regional implications of the AGF recommendations: Asia[2] Program Overview "This program aimed to identify how industrialised countries could mobilize resources to support climate-resilient development in the developing world.

199

DOE GC Joins Customs Service Trade Data System to Strengthen Enforcement  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

GC Joins Customs Service Trade Data System to Strengthen GC Joins Customs Service Trade Data System to Strengthen Enforcement Effort DOE GC Joins Customs Service Trade Data System to Strengthen Enforcement Effort February 14, 2011 - 5:48pm Addthis The Department of Energy today announced that its Office of the General Counsel has joined the Board of Directors of the International Trade Data System, and now has access to the U.S. Customs and Border Protection "Automated Commercial Environment." This provides DOE with real-time information on imported products subject to DOE's energy conservation regulations. The Department will now be able more easily to identify products imported in violation of its energy conservation regulations thus ensuring that foreign manufacturers have to follow the same rules as

200

Secretary Chu Announces Efforts to Strengthen U.S. Electric Transmission  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Chu Announces Efforts to Strengthen U.S. Electric Chu Announces Efforts to Strengthen U.S. Electric Transmission Networks Secretary Chu Announces Efforts to Strengthen U.S. Electric Transmission Networks December 18, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis Washington, DC-Energy Secretary Steven Chu announced today award selections for $60 million in funding from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act to support transmission planning for the country's three interconnection transmission networks. The 6 awards will promote collaborative long-term analysis and planning for the Eastern, Western and Texas electricity interconnections, which will help states, utilities, grid operators, and others prepare for future growth in energy demand, renewable energy sources, and Smart Grid technologies. This represents the first-ever effort

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inequality strengthening democratic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Department of Energy Announces $39 Million to Strengthen University-Led  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

39 Million to Strengthen 39 Million to Strengthen University-Led Nuclear Energy Research and Development Department of Energy Announces $39 Million to Strengthen University-Led Nuclear Energy Research and Development August 9, 2011 - 3:17pm Addthis Washington, D.C. - The Department of Energy today announced that it has awarded up to $39 million in research grants aimed at developing cutting-edge nuclear energy technologies and training and educating the next generation of leaders in the U.S. nuclear industry. Speaking at the U.S. Department of Energy's annual Nuclear Energy University Programs (NEUP) workshop in Chicago, Assistant Secretary Peter Lyons said the grants would support up to 51 projects at colleges and universities around the country. Through NEUP, the Department is working to leverage the research and

202

U.S. and EU Unite to Strengthen Economic Integration and Boost Jobs, Growth  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EU Unite to Strengthen Economic Integration and Boost EU Unite to Strengthen Economic Integration and Boost Jobs, Growth and Competitiveness U.S. and EU Unite to Strengthen Economic Integration and Boost Jobs, Growth and Competitiveness November 9, 2006 - 9:25am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - Today, the Bush Administration hosted the second informal U.S.-EU economic ministerial meeting to discuss transatlantic economic integration and shared economic challenges. Commerce Secretary Carlos M. Gutierrez and Energy Secretary Samuel W. Bodman met with European Union Commission Vice President Günter Verheugen and Finnish Minister for Trade and Industry Mauri Pekkarinen to review joint progress in the most significant areas of the transatlantic economy, including innovation, intellectual property rights (IPR), regulatory cooperation, and energy

203

U.S. Department of Energy and Qatar Sign Agreement to Strengthen  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

U.S. Department of Energy and Qatar Sign Agreement to Strengthen U.S. Department of Energy and Qatar Sign Agreement to Strengthen Cooperation on Clean Energy U.S. Department of Energy and Qatar Sign Agreement to Strengthen Cooperation on Clean Energy April 6, 2011 - 12:00am Addthis New York City - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the Qatar Science & Technology Park (QSTP) are today signing a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to promote collaboration on the development and deployment of cost-effective and sustainable clean energy technologies, building on the historically strong ties between the United States and Qatar. Under the expanded partnership, the countries will exchange scientific and technical information and undertake joint research, development, and deployment initiatives that will help spur energy innovation, create new markets for

204

U.S. and UAE Sign Agreement to Strengthen Cooperation on Clean Energy |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

UAE Sign Agreement to Strengthen Cooperation on Clean UAE Sign Agreement to Strengthen Cooperation on Clean Energy U.S. and UAE Sign Agreement to Strengthen Cooperation on Clean Energy April 26, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis Washington, D.C. - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and Masdar, Abu Dhabi's multifaceted renewable energy initiative, today signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to promote collaboration on clean and sustainable energy technologies. The agreement, signed at DOE by U.S. Deputy Secretary of Energy Daniel Poneman and Dr. Sultan Ahmed Al Jaber, CEO of Masdar, builds on the historically strong ties between the United States and the United Arab Emirates to establish a framework for cooperation in three key areas - carbon capture and sequestration, water and bio-fuels, and building technology. The agreement opens the door for scientific and technical

205

President Obama Signs New Directive to Strengthen our Work to Advance  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Signs New Directive to Strengthen our Work to Signs New Directive to Strengthen our Work to Advance Gender Equality Worldwide President Obama Signs New Directive to Strengthen our Work to Advance Gender Equality Worldwide January 30, 2013 - 3:26pm Addthis Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton watches as President Barack Obama signs a Presidential memorandum, "Coordination of Policies and Programs to Promote Gender Equality and Empower Women and Girls Globally," in the Oval Office, Jan. 20, 2013. (Official White House Photo by Pete Souza) Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton watches as President Barack Obama signs a Presidential memorandum, "Coordination of Policies and Programs to Promote Gender Equality and Empower Women and Girls Globally," in the Oval Office, Jan. 20, 2013. (Official White House Photo by Pete Souza)

206

The FY 2008 Budget Request - Twenty in Ten: Strengthening America's Energy Security  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

8 Budget Request 8 Budget Request Twenty in Ten: Strengthening America's Energy Security Alexander Karsner Assistant Secretary Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy February 2007 2 President's State of the Union Address "Tonight, I ask Congress to join me in pursuing a great goal. Let us build on the work we've done and reduce gasoline usage in the United States by 20 percent in the next 10 years." Strengthening America's Energy Security 3 The President's "20 in 10" Goal * Increasing the transportation sector's energy diversity. * Increasing the supply of oil alternatives and reducing oil demand. Strengthening America's Energy Security Enables Us to Further Enhance Our Energy Security By: 4 Building on the Advanced Energy Initiative * We need to continue with important research

207

On the Riemannian Penrose inequality with charge and the cosmic censorship conjecture  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We note an area-charge inequality orignially due to Gibbons: if the outermost horizon $S$ in an asymptotically flat electrovacuum initial data set is connected then $|q|\\leq r$, where $q$ is the total charge and $r=\\sqrt{A/4\\pi}$ is the area radius of $S$. A consequence of this inequality is that for connected black holes the following lower bound on the area holds: $r\\geq m-\\sqrt{m^2-q^2}$. In conjunction with the upper bound $r\\leq m + \\sqrt{m^2-q^2}$ which is expected to hold always, this implies the natural generalization of the Riemannian Penrose inequality: $m\\geq 1/2(r+q^2/r)$.

Marcus A Khuri; Sumio Yamada; Gilbert Weinstein

2013-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

208

Master problem approximations in Dantzig-Wolfe decomposition of variational inequality problems with applications to two energy market models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, a modification to Dantzig-Wolfe (DW) decomposition algorithm for variational inequality (VI) problems is considered to alleviate the computational burden and to facilitate model management and maintenance. As proposals from DW subproblems ... Keywords: Approximation of the master problem, Dantzig-Wolfe decomposition, Equilibrium modeling, Variational inequalities

Emre ÇElebi, J. David Fuller

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

The Importance of the Entropy Inequality on Numerical Simulations Using Reduced Methane-air Reaction Mechanisms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Many reaction mechanisms have been developed over the past few decades to predict flame characteristics. A detailed reaction mechanism can predict flame characteristics well, but at a high computational cost. The reason for reducing reaction mechanisms is to reduce the computational time needed to simulate a problem. The focus of this work is on the validity of reduced methane-air combustion mechanisms, particularly pertaining to satisfying the entropy inequality. While much of this work involves a two-step reaction mechanism developed by Dr. Charles Westbrook and Dr. Frederick Dryer, some consideration is given to the four-step and three-step mechanisms of Dr. Norbert Peters. These mechanisms are used to simulate the Flame A experiment from Sandia National Laboratories. The two-step mechanism of Westbrook and Dryer is found to generate results that violate the entropy inequality. Modifications are made to the two-step mechanism simulation in an effort to reduce these violations. Two new mechanisms, Mech 1 and Mech 2, are developed from the original two-step reaction mechanism by modifying the empirical data constants in the Arrhenius reaction form. The reaction exponents are set to the stoichiometric coefficients of the reaction, and the concentrations computed from a one-dimensional flame simulation are matched by changing the Arrhenius parameters. The new mechanisms match experimental data more closely than the original two-step mechanism and result in a significant reduction in entropy inequality violations. The solution from Mech 1 had only 9 cells that violated the entropy inequality, while the original two-step mechanism of Westbrook and Dryer had 22,016 cells that violated the entropy inequality. The solution from Mech 2 did not have entropy inequality violations. The method used herein for developing the new mechanisms can be applied to more complex reaction mechanisms.

Jones, Nathan

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Standard Review Plan Preparation for Facility Operations Strengthening Line Management Oversight and  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Standard Review Plan Standard Review Plan Preparation for Facility Operations Strengthening Line Management Oversight and Federal Monitoring of Nuclear Facilities August 2013 2 OFFICE OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT Standard Review Plan (SRP) Preparation for Facility Operations Applicability CD-0 CD-1 CD-2 CD-3 CD-4 Operation Post Operation August 2013 3 Table of Contents Objective ......................................................................................................................................... 4 Requirements .................................................................................................................................. 4 Primary References ......................................................................................................................... 6

211

Calibration of a FE model of masonry shear panels strengthened by metal sheathing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In order to calibrate advanced FE Model experimental tests on masonry wall panel specimens in shear as well as on some panels strengthened by ductile steel are used. Application of finite element material models to simulate the behavior of masonry is ... Keywords: FE model, innovative retrofitting techniques, masonry shear panels, material models

A. Dogariu; F. Campitiello

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Microsimulations for Poverty and Inequality in Mexico Using Parameters From a CGE Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the current article, the author uses microsimulations to analyze poverty and inequality through the accumulative impact on wages of sequential changes in the labor market unemployment rate (U), employment structure (S), wages by economic sector (W1), ... Keywords: CGE models, MDGs, microsimulation

Araceli Ortega Díaz

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Initialization of the Benders master problem using valid inequalities applied to fixed-charge network problems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Network problems concern the selection of arcs in a graph in order to satisfy, at minimum cost, some flow requirements, usually expressed in the form of node-node pair demands. Benders decomposition methods, based on the idea of partitioning of the initial ... Keywords: Benders decomposition, Fixed-charge network problem, Mixed integer programming, Refinery, Scheduling of crude oil, Valid inequalities

Georgios K. D. Saharidis; Maria Boile; Sotiris Theofanis

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

On the Separation of Split Inequalities for Non-Convex Quadratic ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

non-standard split inequalities, which we examine in the case of ternary variables . ... Hence, one way to reformulate Problem (1) is as follows: min ..... 1 (right). Proof. By Lemma 1 it suffices to show that ?(0) is an extreme point of SCn. Let.

215

Bell-type inequalities and upper bounds of multi-qudit states  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Multi-qudit systems are studied in tomographic probability representations of quantum qudit states. Results of calculations for Bell-type numbers within the framework of classical probability theory and in quantum tomography are compared. Violation of Bell-type inequalities are shown explicitly using the method of averaging in tomographic picture of quantum states.

Loran V. Akopyan; Vladimir I. Man'ko

2009-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

216

Lieb-Thirring inequality for a model of particles with point interactions  

SciTech Connect

We consider a model of quantum-mechanical particles interacting via point interactions of infinite scattering length. In the case of fermions we prove a Lieb-Thirring inequality for the energy, i.e., we show that the energy is bounded from below by a constant times the integral of the particle density to the power (5/3).

Frank, Rupert L. [Department of Mathematics, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544 (United States); Seiringer, Robert [Department of Mathematics and Statistics, McGill University, 805 Sherbrooke Street West, Montreal, Quebec H3A 2K6 (Canada)

2012-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

217

Harnack Inequalities for NonNegative Solutions to Degenerate and Singular Parabolic Partial  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Harnack Inequalities for Non­Negative Solutions to Degenerate and Singular Parabolic Partial, Local Behaviour of Solutions of Quasi­linear Parabolic Equations, Arch. Rat. Mech. Anal 25, (1967), 81 Parabolic Equations with Measurable Coefficients, Arch. Rational. Mech. Anal. 118, (1992), 257­271. [4] E

Gianazza, Ugo

218

Strengthening Clean Energy Technology Cooperation under the UNFCCC: Steps toward Implementation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Strengthening Clean Energy Strengthening Clean Energy Technology Cooperation under the UNFCCC: Steps toward Implementation Ron Benioff (NREL), Heleen de Coninck (ECN), Subash Dhar (Risoe National Lab), Ulrich Hansen (Risoe National Lab), Joyce McLaren (NREL), and Jyoti Painuly (Risoe National Lab) NREL/TP-6A0-48596 August 2010 osed NREL logo, June 15, 2009 White Black Blue NOTICE This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government. Neither the United States government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, nor any of their contributors, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or

219

Strengthening Adaptation and Resilience to Climate Change in Kenya (StARCK)  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

and Resilience to Climate Change in Kenya (StARCK) and Resilience to Climate Change in Kenya (StARCK) Jump to: navigation, search Name Strengthening Adaptation and Resilience to Climate Change in Kenya (StARCK) Agency/Company /Organization United Kingdom Department for International Development Sector Climate Focus Area Greenhouse Gas Topics Adaptation, Co-benefits assessment, Low emission development planning Website http://projects.dfid.gov.uk/pr Program Start 2010 Program End 2013 Country Kenya Eastern Africa References Strengthening Adaptation and Resilience to Climate Change in Kenya (StARCK) [1] The intended outcome of the programme is that new mechanisms are established by the Govt. of Kenya, private sector and civil society to enable substantially expanded investments for increased resilience to

220

Repair and Strengthening by Use of Superficial Fixed Laminates of Cracked Masonry Walls Sheared Horizontally-Laboratory Tests  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There are many methods of crack repairing in masonry structures. One of them is repair and strengthening by using of superficial fixed laminates, especially in case of masonry walls with plastering on their both sides. The initial laboratory tests of three different types of strengthening of diagonal cracked masonry wallettes are presented. Tests concerned three clay brick masonry walls subjected to horizontal shearing with two levels of precompression and strengthened by flexible polymer injection, superficial glass fixed by polymer fibre laminate plates and using of CRFP strips stiff fixed to the wall surface by polymer and stiff resin epoxy fixing are presented and discussed.

Kubica, Jan [Department of Structural Engineering, Silesian University of Technology, Akademicka 5, PL-44-100 Gliwice (Poland); Kwiecien, Arkadiusz; Zajac, Boguslaw [Department of Civil Engineering, Cracow University of Technology, Warszawska 24, PL-31-155 Krakow (Poland)

2008-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inequality strengthening democratic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Non-Standard Education Trajectories and Education Inequality: Do They Increase Equality? Evidence from Socialist Central and Eastern Europe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

secondary education Total Poland None Vocational secondaryInequality in Post-War Poland. ” Pp. 303- 335 in: Persistentin Hungary from 35% to 12%, in Poland from 39% to 7%, and in

Kreidl, Martin

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Who lives near coke plants and oil refineries An exploration of the environmental inequity hypothesis  

SciTech Connect

Facility-specific information on pollution was obtained for 36 coke plants and 46 oil refineries in the US and matched with information on populations surrounding these 82 facilities. These data were analyzed to determine whether environmental inequities were present, whether they were more economic or racial in nature, and whether the racial composition of nearby communities has changed significantly since plants began operations. The Census tracts near coke plants have a disproportionate share of poor and nonwhite residents. Multivariate analyses suggest that existing inequities are primarily economic in nature. The findings for oil refineries are not strongly supportive of the environmental inequity hypothesis. Rank ordering of facilities by race, poverty, and pollution produces limited (although not consistent) evidence that the more risky facilities tend to be operating in communities with above-median proportions of nonwhite residents (near coke plants) and Hispanic residents (near oil refineries). Over time, the radical makeup of many communities near facilities has changed significantly, particularly in the case of coke plants sited in the early 1900s. Further risk-oriented studies of multiple manufacturing facilities in various industrial sectors of the economy are recommended.

Graham, J.D.; Beaulieu, N.D.; Sussman, D.; Sadowitz, M.; Li, Y.C. (Harvard Center for Risk Analysis, Boston, MA (United States))

1999-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Case Study - Florida Power & Light - Smart Grid Solutions Strengthen Reliability and Services - July 2012.pdf  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Florida Power & Light Florida Power & Light July 2012 1 Smart devices have been installed on 78 substation transformer banks. Smart Grid Solutions Strengthen Electric Reliability and Customer Services in Florida With 4.6 million customers, nearly 70,000 miles of power lines and 16 power plants, Florida Power and Light Company (FPL) is one of the nation's largest electric utilities. FPL says maintaining reliable service while keeping rates affordable is "Job One." While pursuing its mission, FPL is implementing "Energy Smart Florida," which is the largest and one of the most comprehensive of the U.S. Department of

224

Funding Opportunity Announcement State Energy Program (SEP) Strengthening Building Retrofit Markets and Stimulating Energy Efficiency Action  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE FUNDING OPPORTUNITY ANNOUNCEMENT U. S. Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory State Energy Program (SEP) Strengthening Building Retrofit Markets and Stimulating Energy Efficiency Action DE-FOA-0000251 Announcement Type: Initial CFDA Number: 81.041 Issue Date: 04/09/2010 Application Due Date: 05/24/2010 11:59:59 PM Eastern Time 1 NOTE: REGISTRATION/SUBMISSION REQUIREMENTS Registration Requirements There are several one-time actions you must complete in order to submit an application in response to this Announcement (e.g., obtain a Dun and Bradstreet Data Universal Numbering System (DUNS) number, register with the Central Contractor Registration (CCR), and register with Grants.gov). Applicants who are not registered with CCR and Grants.gov, should allow at

225

Advanced Photon Source, Canadian Light Source Strengthen Ties, Expand X-ray  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Rose of APS and CNM One of Four DOE Early Career Award Winners Rose of APS and CNM One of Four DOE Early Career Award Winners Scientists Close-In on Artificial Spider Silk Ekiert Earns 2012 APSUO Franklin Award for Studies of Influenza Virus Clever Apes on WBEZ: Breaking the Fossil Record Gerig to Chair Particle Accelerator School Board APS News Archives: 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 2008 | 2007 | 2006 | 2005 2004 | 2003 | 2002 | 2001 2000 Subscribe to APS News rss feed Advanced Photon Source, Canadian Light Source Strengthen Ties, Expand X-ray Technology and Research JUNE 18, 2012 Bookmark and Share The interiors of the Canadian Light Source (top) and Advanced Photon Source experiment halls. (CLS photo courtesy of Canadian Light Source) Seeking to solve some of today's greatest global problems, scientists using x-ray light source facilities at national research laboratories in

226

Exploring the role of Leggett-Garg inequality for quantum cryptography  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nonlocality is generally deemed necessary to ensure security of quantum key distribution (QKD) in the device-independent (DI) scenario. We show that some progress can be made towards DI-QKD without invoking nonlocality, via violation of the Leggett-Garg inequality (LGI) by using temporal correlations of a single qubit, which is a novel application of LGI in the area of quantum information. A key ingredient is that an LGI test certifies the identity of the transmitted particle, while the signaling character of temporal correlations can weaken the monogamy of the LGI violating property.

Akshata Shenoy H.; S. Aravinda; R. Srikanth; D. Home

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Security proof for cryptographic protocols based only on the monogamy of Bell's inequality violations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that monogamy of Bell's inequality violations, which is strictly weaker condition than no-signaling is enough to prove security of quantum key distribution. We derive our results for a whole class of monogamy constraints and generalize our results to any theory that communicating parties may have access to. Some of these theories do not respect no-signaling principle yet still allow for secure communication. This proves that no-signaling is only a sufficient condition for the possibility of secure communication, but not the necessary one. We also present some new qualitative results concerning the security of existing quantum key distribution protocols.

Marcin Pawlowski

2009-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

228

Generalized distillability conjecture and generalizations of Cauchy-Bunyakovsky-Schwarz inequality and Lagrange identity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Let rho_k, k=1,2,...,m, be the critical Werner state in a bipartite d_k by d_k quantum system, i.e., the one that separates the 1-distillable Werner states from those that are 1-indistillable. We propose a new conjecture (GDC) asserting that the tensor product of rho_k is 1-indistillable. This is much stronger than the familiar conjecture saying that a single critical Werner state is indistillable. We prove that GDC is true for arbitrary m provided that d_k is bigger than 2 for at most one index k. We reformulate GDC as an intriguing inequality for four arbitrary complex hypermatrices of type d_1 x ... x d_m. This hypermatrix inequality is just the special case n=2 of a more general conjecture (CBS conjecture) for 2n arbitrary complex hypermatrices of the same type. Surprisingly, the case n=1 turns out to be quite interesting as it provides hypermatrix generalization of the classical Lagrange identity. We also formulate the integral version of the CBS conjecture and derive the integral version of the hypermatrix Lagrange identity.

Dragomir Z. Djokovic

2010-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

229

China to strengthen joint research in fusion power www.chinaview.cn 2005-02-06 23:29:49  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

China to strengthen joint research in fusion power www.chinaview.cn 2005-02-06 23:29:49 BEIJING cooperation in research on fusion power plants, one of China's top science and technology decision makers said of Sciences (CAS), said fusion power plants will be final result of today's studies of plasma physics. China

230

Networked cultural heritage and socio-digital inequalities: a case study in an African-American community  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Digital technology facilitates the networking together of cultural heritage information held by multiple institutions and individuals. Yet socio-digital inequalities at the level of local communities shape how this possibility develops in places. This ... Keywords: collaborative digitization, community informatics, cultural heritage, cultural industries, eBlack studies, social capital

Noah Lenstra; Abdul Alkalimat

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Model of a Generic Natural Uranium Conversion Plant ? Suggested Measures to Strengthen International Safeguards  

SciTech Connect

This is the final report that closed a joint collaboration effort between DOE and the National Nuclear Energy Commission of Brazil (CNEN). In 2005, DOE and CNEN started a collaborative effort to evaluate measures that can strengthen the effectiveness of international safeguards at a natural uranium conversion plant (NUCP). The work was performed by DOE s Oak Ridge National Laboratory and CNEN. A generic model of a NUCP was developed and typical processing steps were defined. Advanced instrumentation and techniques for verification purposes were identified and investigated. The scope of the work was triggered by the International Atomic Energy Agency s 2003 revised policy concerning the starting point of safeguards at uranium conversion facilities. Prior to this policy only the final products of the uranium conversion plant were considered to be of composition and purity suitable for use in the nuclear fuel cycle and therefore, subject to the IAEA safeguards control. DOE and CNEN have explored options for implementing the IAEA policy, although Brazil understands that the new policy established by the IAEA is beyond the framework of the Quadripartite Agreement of which it is one of the parties, together with Argentina, the Brazilian-Argentine Agency for Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials (ABACC) and the IAEA. Two technical papers on this subject were published at the 2005 and 2008 INMM Annual Meetings.

Raffo-Caiado, Ana Claudia [ORNL; Begovich, John M [ORNL; Ferrada, Juan J [ORNL

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Distribution and Process of Environmental Inequity in the Brazos Valley, Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lower income and minority communities have long borne an unequal burden of toxic pollution from environmental hazards. I examined environmental inequity, the unequal distribution of environmental hazards in minority and economically disadvantaged communities and the exclusion of community members from environmental decision making, in Brazos Valley, Texas. This project offers a broad review of unequal environmental burdens and marginalization of minority communities as a background to better understand problems in Central Texas. Geographical Information System (GIS) analysis were used to examine the distribution of potential environmental exposures in Brazos Valley, while qualitative methods assessed the role of a case study community (Bryan, Texas) in the environmental decision-making processes related to these risks.

Hanchett, Chelsea

2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

233

The device-independent outlook on quantum physics (lecture notes on Bell inequalities)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This text is an introduction to an operational outlook on Bell inequalities, which has been very fruitful in the past few years. It has lead to the recognition that Bell tests have their own place in applied quantum technologies, because they quantify non-classicality in a device-independent way, that is, without any need to describe the degrees of freedom under study and the measurements that are performed. At the more fundamental level, the same device-independent outlook has allowed the falsification of several other alternative models that could hope to reproduce the observed statistics while keeping some classical features that quantum theory denies; and it has shed new light on the long-standing quest for deriving quantum theory from physical principles.

Valerio Scarani

2013-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

234

Testing Bell's Inequality with Cosmic Photons: Closing the Settings-Independence Loophole  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a practical scheme to use photons from causally disconnected cosmic sources to set the detectors in an experimental test of Bell's inequality. In current experiments, detector settings are determined by local quantum random number generators. In such experiments, only a small amount of correlation between detector settings and some local hidden variables, established less than a millisecond before each experimental run, would suffice to mimic the predictions of quantum mechanics. By setting the detectors using cosmic sources instead, observed violations of Bell's inequality in our proposed "Cosmic Bell" experiment would require any such coordination to have been in place for billions of years rather than milliseconds -- an improvement of 20 orders of magnitude. Quasar pairs can be used as real-time triggers to establish detector settings using existing technology. For quasars on opposite sides of the sky with redshifts z > 3.65, there is no event after the hot big bang 13.8 billion years ago (following any period of inflation) that lies in the past light cones of both quasars. Alternatively, detector settings could be set by observing patches of the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB, z ~ 1089). For CMB patches with angular separations > 2.3 degrees, the events determining the detector settings would have no shared causal past since the hot big bang. In the case of the CMB, noise from the receiver and atmosphere make it difficult to rule out local influences on causal grounds alone, but a specially designed balloon-based system using state-of-the-art detectors is a realistic near-term possibility.

Jason Gallicchio; Andrew S. Friedman; David I. Kaiser

2013-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

235

Fatigue and Creep-Fatigue Deformation of an Ultra-Fine Precipitate Strengthened Advanced Austenitic Alloy  

SciTech Connect

An advanced austenitic alloy, HT-UPS (high-temperature ultrafine-precipitation-strengthened), has been identified as an ideal candidate material for the structural components of fast reactors and energy-conversion systems. HT-UPS alloys demonstrate improved creep resistance relative to 316 stainless steel (SS) through additions of Ti and Nb, which precipitate to form a widespread dispersion of stable nanoscale metallic carbide (MC) particles in the austenitic matrix. The low-cycle fatigue and creep-fatigue behavior of an HT-UPS alloy have been investigated at 650 °C and a 1.0% total strain, with an R-ratio of -1 and hold times at peak tensile strain as long as 150 min. The cyclic deformation response of HT-UPS is directly compared to that of standard 316 SS. The measured values for total cycles to failure are similar, despite differences in peak stress profiles and in qualitative observations of the deformed microstructures. Crack propagation is primarily transgranular in fatigue and creep-fatigue of both alloys at the investigated conditions. Internal grain boundary damage in the form of fine cracks resulting from the tensile hold is present for hold times of 60 min and longer, and substantially more internal cracks are quantifiable in 316 SS than in HT-UPS. The dislocation substructures observed in the deformed material differ significantly; an equiaxed cellular structure is observed in 316 SS, whereas in HT-UPS the microstructure takes the form of widespread and relatively homogenous tangles of dislocations pinned by the nanoscale MC precipitates. The significant effect of the fine distribution of precipitates on observed fatigue and creep-fatigue response is described in three distinct behavioral regions as it evolves with continued cycling.

M.C. Carroll; L.J. Carroll

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

GAO-05-123 Department of Energy: Further Actions Are Needed to Strengthen Contract Management for Major Projects  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Committee on Government Committee on Government Reform, House of Representatives March 2005 DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Further Actions Are Needed to Strengthen Contract Management for Major Projects GAO-05-123 www.gao.gov/cgi-bin/getrpt? GAO-05-123. . To view the full product, including the scope and methodology, click on the link above. For more information, contact Robin Nazzaro at (202) 512-3841 or nazzaror@gao.gov. Highlights of GAO-05-123, a report to the Committee on Government Reform, House of Representatives March 2005 DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Further Actions Are Needed to Strengthen Contract Management for Major Projects The Department of Energy (DOE) pays its contractors billions of dollars each year to implement its major projects-those costing more than $400 million each. Many

237

History of Resistance Welding Oxide Dispersion Strengthened Cladding and other High Temperature Materials at Center for Advanced Energy Studies  

SciTech Connect

Research proposal 08-1079, 'A Comparative Study of Welded ODS Cladding Materials for AFCI/GNEP,' was funded in 2008 under an Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative (AFCI) Research and Development Funding Opportunity, number DE-PS07-08ID14906. Th proposal sought to conduct research on joining oxide dispersion strengthen (ODS) tubing material to a solid end plug. This document summarizes the scientific and technical progress achieved during the project, which ran from 2008 to 2011.

Larry Zirker; Nathan Jerred; Dr. Indrajit Charit; James Cole

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Final Technical Report - High-Performance, Oxide-Dispersion-Strengthened Tubes for Production of Ethylene adn Other Industrial Chemicals  

SciTech Connect

This project was undertaken by Michigan Technological University and Special Metals Corporation to develop creep-resistant, coking-resistant oxide-dispersion-strengthened (ODS) tubes for use in industrial-scale ethylene pyrolysis and steam methane reforming operations. Ethylene pyrolysis tubes are exposed to some of the most severe service conditions for metallic materials found anywhere in the chemical process industries, including elevated temperatures, oxidizing atmospheres and high carbon potentials. During service, hard deposits of carbon (coke) build up on the inner wall of the tube, reducing heat transfer and restricting the flow of the hydrocarbon feedstocks. About every 20 to 60 days, the reactor must be taken off-line and decoked by burning out the accumulated carbon. This decoking costs on the order of $9 million per year per ethylene plant, accelerates tube degradation, and requires that tubes be replaced about every 5 years. The technology developed under this program seeks to reduce the energy and economic cost of coking by creating novel bimetallic tubes offering a combination of improved coking resistance, creep resistance and fabricability not available in current single-alloy tubes. The inner core of this tube consists of Incoloy(R) MA956, a commercial ferritic Fe-Cr-Al alloy offering a 50% reduction in coke buildup combined with improved carburization resistance. The outer sheath consists of a new material - oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) Alloy 803(R) developed under the program. This new alloy retains the good fireside environmental resistance of Alloy 803, a commercial wrought alloy currently used for ethylene production, and provides an austenitic casing to alleviate the inherently-limited fabricability of the ferritic Incoloy(R) MA956 core. To provide mechanical compatibility between the two alloys and maximize creep resistance of the bimetallic tube, both the inner Incoloy(R) MA956 and the outer ODS Alloy 803 are oxide dispersion strengthened materials produced using mechanical alloying technology. To minimize cost, the bimetallic tube is produced by direct powder co-extrusion. This technology has potential for domestic energy savings of up to 4.1 trillion BTU/year (4.3 x 1015J/year) and a reduction of 370,000 tons (340,000 tonnes) of CO2 emissions in short-residence-time ethylene furnaces. This represents an energy savings and CO2 emissions reduction of about 3.3%. If the technology is also applied to other types of ethylene pyrolysis furnaces, total energy savings and CO2 emissions reductions could increase by up to five times. The work involved: Developing powder and consolidation processing protocols to produce an oxide-dispersion strengthened variant of Alloy 803 exhibiting creep strength comparable to Incoloy? Alloy MA956, Developing a direct powder co-extrusion protocol for fabricating co-extruded bimetallic Incoloy? Alloy MA956 / ODS Alloy 803 tubes, Characterizing the properties of the ODS Alloy 803 material, the welding characteristics of the bimetallic tubes, and the coking characteristics of the Incoloy? MA956 alloy, and Documenting the potential energy savings and user requirements for these bimetallic pyrolysis furnace tubes. The project demonstrated that oxide dispersion strengthened Alloy 803 can be produced successfully using conventional mechanical alloying technology. The oxide dispersion strengthened bimetallic radiant coil technology explored under this program has significant potential for energy savings and productivity improvements for domestic ethylene producers. In today's competitive market, however, domestic furnace manufacturers and ethylene producers appear reluctant to pay any cost premium for higher-performance coil materials offering either higher temperature capabilities or longer service life. Interest in oxide dispersion strengthened radiant coils is likely to increase if furnace and ethylene producers begin to focus more on increasing tube wall temperatures to improve productivity.

McKimpson, Marvin G.

2006-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

239

Who Bears Aggregate Fluctuations and How? Estimates and Implications for Consumption Inequality *  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As we write in late December 2008, the economy is mired in a year-long recession, the US stock market is down 40 % for the year, the US government is lending hundreds of billions of dollars to keep financial institutions and some large industrial firms afloat, and the unemployment rate stands at 6.7 percent. Real per capita consumption of nondurables and services has fallen roughly one percent over the last year. Most economists predict growth rates below average for the next several years. The welfare costs of these declines depend significantly on their allocation across households. In this paper we study differences in exposure to aggregate fluctuations across households. In doing so, we bring together two somewhat disparate literatures. One line of research has documented increases in income and consumption inequality over the past 25 years (e.g. David Cutler and Lawrence Katz (1991), Georgio E. Primiceri and Thijs van Rens (2008), Dirk Krueger and Fabrizio Perri (2003)). This work, typically framed within a basic permanent income model, focuses on the extent to which income shocks are insured and pays less attention to differential exposure of income to aggregate shocks across households. We thank Emmanuel Saez and Thomas Piketty for making their IRS data available. Parker: Finance Department,

Jonathan A. Parker; Annette Vissing-jorgensen

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Continuous variable tangle, monogamy inequality, and entanglement sharing in Gaussian states of continuous variable systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

For continuous-variable systems, we introduce a measure of entanglement, the continuous variable tangle ({\\em contangle}), with the purpose of quantifying the distributed (shared) entanglement in multimode, multipartite Gaussian states. This is achieved by a proper convex roof extension of the squared logarithmic negativity. We prove that the contangle satisfies the Coffman-Kundu-Wootters monogamy inequality in all three--mode Gaussian states, and in all fully symmetric $N$--mode Gaussian states, for arbitrary $N$. For three--mode pure states we prove that the residual entanglement is a genuine tripartite entanglement monotone under Gaussian local operations and classical communication. We show that pure, symmetric three--mode Gaussian states allow a promiscuous entanglement sharing, having both maximum tripartite residual entanglement and maximum couplewise entanglement between any pair of modes. These states are thus simultaneous continuous-variable analogs of both the GHZ and the $W$ states of three qubits: in continuous-variable systems monogamy does not prevent promiscuity, and the inequivalence between different classes of maximally entangled states, holding for systems of three or more qubits, is removed.

Gerardo Adesso; Fabrizio Illuminati

2004-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

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241

Gas atomized precursor alloy powder for oxide dispersion strengthened ferritic stainless steel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Gas atomization reaction synthesis (GARS) was employed as a simplified method for producing precursor powders for oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) ferritic stainless steels (e.g., Fe-Cr-Y-(Ti,Hf)-O), departing from the conventional mechanical alloying (MA) process. During GARS processing a reactive atomization gas (i.e., Ar-O{sub 2}) was used to oxidize the powder surfaces during primary break-up and rapid solidification of the molten alloy. This resulted in envelopment of the powders by an ultra-thin (t < 150 nm) metastable Cr-enriched oxide layer that was used as a vehicle for solid-state transport of O into the consolidated microstructure. In an attempt to better understand the kinetics of this GARS reaction, theoretical cooling curves for the atomized droplets were calculated and used to establish an oxidation model for this process. Subsequent elevated temperature heat treatments, which were derived from Rhines pack measurements using an internal oxidation model, were used to promote thermodynamically driven O exchange reactions between trapped films of the initial Cr-enriched surface oxide and internal Y-enriched intermetallic precipitates. This novel microstructural evolution process resulted in the successful formation of nano-metric Y-enriched dispersoids, as confirmed using high energy X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy (TEM), equivalent to conventional ODS alloys from MA powders. The thermal stability of these Y-enriched dispersoids was evaluated using high temperature (1200°C) annealing treatments ranging from 2.5 to 1,000 hrs of exposure. In a further departure from current ODS practice, replacing Ti with additions of Hf appeared to improve the Y-enriched dispersoid thermal stability by means of crystal structure modification. Additionally, the spatial distribution of the dispersoids was found to depend strongly on the original rapidly solidified microstructure. To exploit this, ODS microstructures were engineered from different powder particle size ranges, illustrating microstructural control as a function of particle solidification rate. The consolidation of ultra-fine powders (dia. ? 5?m) resulted in a significant reduction in dispersoid size and spacing, consistent with initial scanning electron microscopy studies on as-atomized cross-sectioned particles that suggested that these powders solidified above the threshold velocity to effectively solute trap Y within the ?-(Fe,Cr) matrix. Interestingly, when the solidification velocity as a function of particle size was extracted from the aforementioned theoretical particle cooling curves, it could be offered as supporting evidence for these microstructure observations. Thermal-mechanical treatments also were used to create and evaluate the stability of a dislocation substructure within these alloys, using microhardness and TEM analysis of the alloy sub-grain and grain structure. Moreover, elevated temperature tensile tests up to 800°C were used to assess the initial mechanical strength of the ODS microstructure.

Rieken, Joel

2011-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

242

Dislocation decorrelation and relationship to deformation microtwins during creep of a precipitate strengthened Ni-based superalloy  

SciTech Connect

The evolution of microtwins during high temperature creep deformation in a strengthened Ni-base superalloy has been investigated through a combination of creep testing, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), theoretical modeling, and computer simulation. Experimentally, microtwin nucleation sources were identified and their evolution was tracked by characterizing the deformation substructure at different stages of creep deformation. Deformation is highly localized around stress concentrators such as carbides, borides and serrated grain boundaries, which act as sources of a/2<110> matrix-type dislocations. Due to fine channels between particles, coupled with the low matrix stacking fault energy, the a/2<110> matrix dislocations dissociate into a/6<112> Shockley partials, which were commonly observed to be decorrelated from one another, creating extended intrinsic stacking faults in the matrix. Microtwins are common and form via Shockley partial dislocations cooperatively shearing both and phases on adjacent {111} glide planes. The TEM observations lead directly to an analysis of dislocation-precipitate interactions. Through phase field simulations and theoretical analyses based on Orowan looping, the important processes of dislocation dissociation and decorrelation are modeled in detail, providing comprehensive insight into the microstructural features and applied stress conditions that favor the microtwinning deformation mode in strengthened Ni-based superalloys.

Unocic, Raymond R [ORNL; Zhou, Ning [Ohio State University; Kovarik, Libor [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL); Shen, Chen [GE Global Research; Wang, Yunzhi [Ohio State University; Mills, Michael J. [Ohio State University

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

GAO-04-988R Pacific Northwest National Laboratory: Enhancements Needed to Strengthen Controls Over the Purchase Card Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

8R PNNL Purchase Card Controls 8R PNNL Purchase Card Controls United States Government Accountability Office Washington, DC 20548 August 6, 2004 Congressional Requesters Subject: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory: Enhancements Needed to Strengthen Controls Over the Purchase Card Program The Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) located in Richland, Washington, is a government-owned, contractor-operated Department of Energy (DOE) national laboratory. The Battelle Memorial Institute manages the lab under a cost- reimbursable contract with DOE. Battelle is paid a management fee to operate the lab and is reimbursed for all allowable costs charged to the contract. During the fall of 2002, the Federal Bureau of Investigation began investigating two Los Alamos National Laboratory employees for alleged misuse of lab credit cards.

244

GAO-04-986R Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory: Further Improvements Needed to Strengthen Controls Over the Purchase Card Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6R LLNL Purchase Card Controls 6R LLNL Purchase Card Controls United States Government Accountability Office Washington, DC 20548 August 6, 2004 Congressional Requesters Subject: Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory: Further Improvements Needed to Strengthen Controls Over the Purchase Card Program The Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) located in Livermore, California is a government-owned, contractor-operated national laboratory of the Department of Energy's (DOE) National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA). 1 The University of California manages the lab under a cost-reimbursable contract with NNSA. The university is paid a management fee to operate the lab and is reimbursed for all allowable costs charged to the contract. During the fall of 2002, the Federal Bureau of Investigation began investigating two

245

Executive Order 13592: Improving American Indian and Alaska Native Educational Opportunities and Strengthening Tribal Colleges and Universities (2011)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

76603 Federal Register 76603 Federal Register / Vol. 76, No. 236 / Thursday, December 8, 2011 / Presidential Documents Executive Order 13592 of December 2, 2011 Improving American Indian and Alaska Native Educational Opportunities and Strengthening Tribal Colleges and Univer- sities By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the laws of the United States of America, I hereby order as follows: Section 1. Policy. The United States has a unique political and legal relation- ship with the federally recognized American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/ AN) tribes across the country, as set forth in the Constitution of the United States, treaties, Executive Orders, and court decisions. For centuries, the Federal Government's relationship with these tribes has been guided by

246

Proposal for the award of a contract, without competitive tendering, for the supply of dispersion-strengthened copper for the LHC collimators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This document concerns the award of a contract, without competitive tendering, for the supply of 18 tons of dispersion-strengthened copper (DSC) for 114 LHC collimators. The Finance Committee is invited to agree to the negotiation of a contract, without competitive tendering, with NORTH AMERICAN HÃ-GANÃ?S HIGH ALLOYS (US) for the supply of dispersion-strengthened copper (DSC) for a total amount of 520 000 US dollars (635 284 Swiss francs), not subject to revision. The amount in Swiss francs has been calculated using the present rate of exchange.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

GHZ-type and W-type entangled coherent states: generation and Bell-type inequality tests without photon counting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study GHZ-type and W-type three-mode entangled coherent states. Both the types of entangled coherent states violate Mermin's version of the Bell inequality with threshold photon detection (i.e., without photon counting). Such an experiment can be performed using linear optics elements and threshold detectors with significant Bell violations for GHZ-type entangled coherent states. However, to demonstrate Bell-type inequality violations for W-type entangled coherent states, additional nonlinear interactions are needed. We also propose an optical scheme to generate W-type entangled coherent states in free-traveling optical fields. The required resources for the generation are a single-photon source, a coherent state source, beam splitters, phase shifters, photodetectors, and Kerr nonlinearities. Our scheme does not necessarily require strong Kerr nonlinear interactions, i.e., weak nonlinearities can be used for the generation of the W-type entangled coherent states. Furthermore, it is also robust against inefficiencies of the single-photon source and the photon detectors.

Hyunseok Jeong; Nguyen Ba An

2006-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

248

arXiv:0903.5042v3[quant-ph]31Aug2010 Nonlocal setting and outcome information for violation of Bell's inequality  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

information in one laboratory about both the setting and the outcome at the distant one. While it is possible's inequalities? Is it information about the distant outcome, or about the distant setting, or about both the implications of Bell's theorem, we acknowledge the importance of exploring alternative descriptions to deepen

Verstraete, Frank

249

Neutron study and modeling of the lattice parameters in a NiAl-precipitate strengthened ferritic steel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The lattice misfit between the body-centered cubic {alpha}-Fe matrix and the B2-ordered NiAl-type {beta}{prime} precipitates is a parameter of significant importance in controlling the creep resistance of precipitate-strengthened ferritic steels. However, the measurement of the lattice misfit is complicated due to the fact that the fundamental reflections of {alpha} and {beta}{prime} phases almost completely overlap. In this study, neutron diffraction is used to determine the lattice parameters of these two phases in a Fe-18.9 Al-9.8 Cr-13 Ni-1.8 Mo (atomic percent, at.%) alloy as a function of temperature. The accuracy of the measurement at room temperature is verified by high-energy synchrotron X-ray diffraction. The comparison between these two techniques is discussed in terms of the difference in superlattice intensity. Furthermore, using the phase compositions determined by atom probe tomography, models are proposed to predict the lattice parameters of both phases at room temperature as a function of their compositions. The results are in very good agreement with those obtained experimentally.

Teng, Zhenke [ORNL; Ghosh, Gautam [Northwestern University, Evanston; Miller, Michael K [ORNL; Huang, Shenyan [ORNL; Clausen, B [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Brown, D.W. [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Liaw, Peter K [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Strengthening Cyber Security  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

E E n E rgyB i z November/December 2008 » TECHNOLOGY FRONTIER (Guest OpiniOn) remOte attaCks On systems that control power production and distribution are no longer hypothetical events. At least four utilities have been subjected to extortion demands by criminals who used the Internet to infect the utilities' computers and caused or threatened power outages. Cyber attacks have been used to disrupt power equipment in several regions outside the United States. In at least one case, the disruption caused a power outage affecting multiple cities. These are criminal acts, but nation-states are actively targeting utility computers, as well, so that in time of war they can turn off their adversary's power. While all this is happening, most executives in the

251

EXPRESSIONS Temple Strengthens  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

applied to attend graduate school in the College of Education. Since I was stationed on Okinawa, I wanted

Boufadel, Michel

252

IMPROVING AND STRENGTHENING  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... host it in a set of related servers that are spread over a wide geographical space. ... the webcrawler as to what content is relevant to the crawl), and a ...

2010-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

253

Strengthening Global Security  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

national problems related to energy, the environment, infrastructure, and health. The Atomic Age Begins After the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor in World War II, the U.S....

254

Dispersion strengthened copper  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A composition of matter comprised of copper and particles which are dispersed throughout the copper, where the particles are comprised of copper oxide and copper having a coating of copper oxide, and a method for making this composition of matter.

Sheinberg, Haskell (Los Alamos, NM); Meek, Thomas T. (Knoxville, TN); Blake, Rodger D. (Santa Fe, NM)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Dispersion strengthened copper  

SciTech Connect

A composition of matter comprised of copper and particles which are dispersed throughout the copper, where the particles are comprised of copper oxide and copper having a coating of copper oxide, and a method for making this composition of matter.

Sheinberg, Haskell (Los Alamos, NM); Meek, Thomas T. (Knoxville, TN); Blake, Rodger D. (Santa Fe, NM)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Dispersion strengthened copper  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A composition of matter comprised of copper and particles which are dispersed throughout the copper, where the particles are comprised of copper oxide and copper having a coating of copper oxide, and a method for making this composition of matter.

Sheinberg, H.; Meek, T.T.; Blake, R.D.

1988-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

257

Democratic Constitutionalism and Cultural Heterogeneity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Constitution of Bosnia and Herzegovina’, (1998) 20 Humanthe fragile state of Bosnia-Herzegovina, which reads like aThe Constitution of Bosnia-Herzegovina’, (1996) 13

Post, Robert

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Democratic Constitutionalism and Cultural Heterogeneity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Constitution of Bosnia and Herzegovina’, (1998) 20 Humanfragile state of Bosnia -Herzegovina, which reads like aThe Constitution of Bosnia-Herzegovina’, (1996) 13

Post, Robert

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Transport Costs, Geography and Regional Inequalities: Evidence from France”, CEPR Discussion Paper, 2894. Revised version: http://www.enpc.fr/ceras/lafourcade/artinf.pdf  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper empirically investigates the predictions of economic geography models regarding the role of transport costs on regional inequalities. We perform a structural estimation of such a model on French data at detailed geographic and industry levels (341 “employment areas”, 64 manufacturing and service industries). Transport costs, intermediate inputs, and real geography are shown to play a critical role in the spatial concentration of French activities. Next, we present the estimated model predictions regarding the local economic conditions. For instance, the mark-up per unit is higher either at the France centre (low transport and unit costs even if high competition) or at the extreme periphery (low competition even if high costs), and low in between. However, due to large inequalities in production per plant, our model predicts a decrease in total profit from the center towards the periphery: because of these large concentration incentives at the center, regional inequalities are therefore expected to further increase in the future. Last, we show that, in the short-run, decreasing transport costs may counterbalance the process of spatial concentration at the country level (leading for instance to the emergence of a duo-centric structure of profits). This is not the case at the regional level. Indeed, due to agglomeration mechanisms arising inside

Miren Lafourcade; Henry Overman; Jean-marc Robin; Dan Trefler; Cepr Workshops In

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Constructive hierarchy through entitlement: inequality in lithic resource access among the ancient Maya of Blue Creek, Belize  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation tests the theory that lithic raw materials were a strategic resource among the ancient Maya of Blue Creek, Belize that markedly influenced the development of socio-economic hierarchies at the site. Recent research has brought attention to the role of critical resource control as a mechanism contributing to the development of political economies among the ancient Maya. Such research has been primarily focused on the control of access to water and agricultural land. The examination of lithic raw materials as a critical economic resource is warranted as stone tools constituted a fundamental component of the ancient Maya economy. My research objectives include measuring raw material variability in the Blue Creek settlement zone and its immediate environs, assessing the amount of spatial and temporal variability present in the distribution of various raw materials, determining the degree to which proximity to a given resource influenced the relative level of its use, and testing whether differential resource access relates to variability in aggregate expressions of wealth. To meet these objectives, I examined 2136 formal stone tools and 24,944 pieces of debitage from excavations across the Blue Creek settlement zone, and I developed a lithic raw material type collection using natural outcrops. Significant spatial and temporal differences were observed in the use of various raw materials. Control of critical resources under conditions of scarcity is shown to have caused social stratification among the ancient Maya of Blue Creek. Initial disparities in use-right arrangements based on first occupancy rights produced substantial, accumulative inequality in economic capability and subsequent achievements. During the Early Classic period, these disproportionate allowances ultimately undermined the more egalitarian structure observed during the Preclassic. The Early Classic period at Blue Creek is characterized by increasing extravagance among the elites and increasing disenfranchisement throughout the hinterlands when compared to earlier periods. This suggests that elites at the site only became fully able to convert their resource monopolies into substantial gains in power, prestige, and wealth during the Classic period.

Barrett, Jason Wallace

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inequality strengthening democratic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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261

A forgotten little chapter on isoperimetric inequalities: On the fraction of a convex and closed plane area lying outside a circle with which it shares a diameter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Often some interesting or simply curious points are left out when developing a theory. It seems that one of them is the existence of an upper bound for the fraction of area of a convex and closed plane area lying outside a circle with which it shares a diameter, a problem stemming from the theory of isoperimetric inequalities. In this paper such a bound is constructed and shown to be attained for a particular area. It is also shown that convexity is a necessary condition in order to avoid the whole area lying outside the circle.

Jose M. Pacheco

2007-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

262

STOCHASTIC VARIATIONAL INEQUALITIES: RESIDUAL ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Feb 20, 2011 ... Yamashita and Fukushima [1] showed that the ERM-formulation using the regularized gap function is convex when F(?, x) = M?x + q? and. (1.6).

263

Experimental Validation of a Numerical Controller Using Convex Optimization with Linear Matrix Inequalities on a Quarter-Car Suspension System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Numerical methods of designing control systems are currently an active area of research. Convex optimization with linear matrix inequalities (LMIs) is one such method. Control objectives like minimizing the H_2, H_infinity norms, limiting the actuating effort to avoid saturation, pole-placement constraints etc., are cast as LMIs and an optimal feedback controller is found by making use of efficient interior-point algorithms. A full-state feedback controller is designed and implemented in this thesis using this method which then forms the basis for designing a static output feedback (SOF) controller. A profile was generated that relates the change in the SOF control gain matrix required to keep the same value of the generalized H_2 norm of the transfer function from the road disturbance to the actuating effort with the change in the sprung mass of the quarter-car system. The quarter-car system makes use of a linear brushless permanent magnet motor (LBPMM) as an actuator, a linear variable differential transformer (LVDT) and two accelerometers as sensors for feedback control and forms a platform to test these control methodologies. For the full-state feedback controller a performance measure (H_2 norm of the transfer function from road disturbance to sprung mass acceleration) of 2.166*10^3 m/s^2 was achieved ensuring that actuator saturation did not occur and that all poles had a minimum damping ratio of 0.2. The SOF controller achieved a performance measure of 1.707*10^3 m/s^2 ensuring that actuator saturation does not occur. Experimental and simulation results are provided which demonstrate the effectiveness of the SOF controller for various values of the sprung mass. A reduction in the peak-to-peak velocity by 73 percent, 72 percent, and 71 percent was achieved for a sprung mass of 2.4 kg, 2.8 kg, and 3.4 kg, respectively. For the same values of the sprung mass, a modified lead-lag compensator achieved a reduction of 79 percent, 77 percent and, 69 percent, respectively. A reduction of 76 percent and 54 percent in the peak-to-peak velocity was achieved for a sprung mass of 6.0 kg in simulation by the SOF controller and the modified lead-lag compensator, respectively. The gain of the modified lead-lag compensator needs to be recomputed in order to achieve a similar attenuation as that of the SOF controller when the value of the sprung mass is changed. For a sprung mass of 3.4 kg and a suspension spring stiffness of 1640 N/m the peak-to-peak velocity of the sprung mass was attenuated by 42 percent.

Chintala, Rohit

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Progress in the R and D Project on Oxide Dispersion Strengthened and Precipitation Hardened Ferritic Steels for Sodium Cooled Fast Breeder Reactor Fuels  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High burnup capability of sodium cooled fast breeder reactor (SFR) fuels depends significantly on irradiation performance of their component materials. Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has been developing oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) ferritic steels and a precipitation hardened (PH) ferritic steel as the most prospective materials for fuel pin cladding and duct tubes, respectively. Technology for small-scale manufacturing is already established, and several hundreds of ODS steel cladding tubes and dozens of PH steel duct tubes were successfully produced. We will step forward to develop manufacturing technology for mass production to supply these steels for future SFR fuels. Mechanical properties of the products were examined by out-of-pile and in-pile tests including material irradiation tests in the experimental fast reactor JOYO and foreign fast reactors. The material strength standards (MSSs) were tentatively compiled in 2005 for ODS steels and in 1993 for PH steel. In order to upgrade the MSSs and to demonstrate high burnup capability of the materials, we will perform a series of irradiation tests in BOR-60 and JOYO until 2015 and contribute to design study for a demonstration SFR of which operation is expected after 2025. (authors)

Kaito, Takeji; Ohtsuka, Satoshi; Inoue, Masaki [Advanced Nuclear System Research and Development Directorate, Japan Atomic Energy Agency - JAEA, 4002 Narita-cho, Oarai-machi, Higashi-ibaraki-gun, Ibaraki-ken, Zip code 311-1393 (Japan)

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

A Hierarchical Upscaling Method for Predicting Strength of Materials under Thermal, Radiation and Mechanical loading - Irradiation Strengthening Mechanisms in Stainless Steels  

SciTech Connect

Stainless steels based on Fe-Cr-Ni alloys are the most popular structural materials used in reactors. High energy particle irradiation of in this kind of polycrystalline structural materials usually produces irradiation hardening and embrittlement. The development of predictive capability for the influence of irradiation on mechanical behavior is very important in materials design for next-generation reactors. Irradiation hardening is related to structural information crossing different length scale, such as composition, dislocation, crystal orientation distribution and so on. To predict the effective hardening, the influence factors along different length scales should be considered. A multiscale approach was implemented in this work to predict irradiation hardening of iron based structural materials. Three length scales are involved in this multiscale model: nanometer, micrometer and millimeter. In the microscale, molecular dynamics (MD) was utilized to predict on the edge dislocation mobility in body centered cubic (bcc) Fe and its Ni and Cr alloys. On the mesoscale, dislocation dynamics (DD) models were used to predict the critical resolved shear stress from the evolution of local dislocation and defects. In the macroscale, a viscoplastic self-consistent (VPSC) model was applied to predict the irradiation hardening in samples with changes in texture. The effects of defect density and texture were investigated. Simulated evolution of yield strength with irradiation agrees well with the experimental data of irradiation strengthening of stainless steel 304L, 316L and T91. This multiscale model we developed in this project can provide a guidance tool in performance evaluation of structural materials for next-generation nuclear reactors. Combining with other tools developed in the Nuclear Energy Advanced Modeling and Simulation (NEAMS) program, the models developed will have more impact in improving the reliability of current reactors and affordability of new reactors.

Li, Dongsheng; Zbib, Hussein M.; Garmestani, Hamid; Sun, Xin; Khaleel, Mohammad A.

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Democratic Governance: Systems and Radical Perspectives  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

European Governance: A White Paper. Brussels, COM: 428.As an example, consider a White Paper on European Governanceexercise began in 2001. The White Paper adopts governance as

Bevir, Mark

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

GROTHENDIECK INEQUALITIES FOR SEMIDEFINITE PROGRAMS ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nov 4, 2010 ... first appeared in the work [17] of Grothendieck on the metric theory of tensor .... field, the total energy of the system is given by the Hamiltonian. H = ? ...... Summing and Nuclear Norms in Banach Space Theory, Cambridge Uni-.

268

Quantitative methods and gender inequalities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-related changes in time-use. The interesting family transitions for the purpose of studying the relationship between family conditions and individuals’ time-use are relatively rare ones. Using the British Household Panel Study, which follows more than 5000...

Scott, Jacqueline

269

inequalities for multivariate homogeneous polynomials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

i ? di?1di+1,1 ? i ? n ? 1. We also define a weighted shift operator Shiftc : Rn+ 1 ?? Rn+1,. Shiftc((x0, ..., xn)T )=(c0x1, ..., cn?1xn,0)T . ? gurvits@lanl.gov.

270

Lifting 2-integer knapsack inequalities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Oct 1, 2003 ... We mention the works of Gu, Nemhauser & Savels- ... superadditivity, the papers of Marchand & Wolsey (1999) and Marchand & Wolsey (2001) ...

271

The Split Variational Inequality Problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sep 20, 2010 ... lines of research related to our notion of the CVIP. ...... Imaging, Therapy Planning and Inverse Problems, Medical Physics Pub# lishing ...

272

Microstructure, Phase Evolution and Precipitation Strengthening of ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Study on Combined Effect of Forging and Ageing in Mg-Y-RE Magnesium Alloy ... Effect of KCl on Liquidus of LiF-MgF2 Molten Salts ... Investigation of Microhardness and Microstructure of AZ31 Alloy after High-Pressure Torsion ( HPT) ... Benchmark Test in the “Magnesium Front End Research and Development” Project.

273

Using reinforcement to strengthen users' secure behaviors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Users have a strong tendency toward dismissing security dialogs unthinkingly. Prior research has shown that users' responses to security dialogs become significantly more thoughtful when dialogs are polymorphic, and that further improvements can be obtained ... Keywords: audited dialogs, context-sensitive guidance, observational learning, operant conditioning, polymorphic dialogs, security-reinforcing application, social learning theory, vicarious learning, vicarious security reinforcement

Ricardo Mark Villamarín-Salomón; José Carlos Brustoloni

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Strengthening Calibration Services through Improved Focus ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Resulted in documentary standards, NVLAP accreditation of commercial laboratories, ... Aging refrigeration system diminishes ability to ...

2012-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

275

NIST, FEMA Strengthen Disaster Response and Research ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... history of successful collaborations following disasters, it is ... of mutual interest in fire, disaster prevention and ... a need for a NIST response to extreme ...

2013-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

276

Solid electrolytes strengthened by metal dispersions  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improvement in solid electrolytes of advanced secondary batteries of the sodium-sulfur, sodium-halogen, and like combinations is achieved by providing said battery with a cermet electrolyte containing a metal dispersion ranging from 0.1 to 10.0 vol. % of a substantially nonreactive metal selected from the group consisting essentially of Pt, Cr, Fe, Co, Ni, Nb, their alloys, and their physical mixtures in the elemental or uncombined state, the remainder of said cermet being an ion-conductive ceramic material.

Lauf, R.J.; Morgan, C.S.

1981-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

277

Let's chalk!: strengthening communities through play  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Greenways (public outdoor walking and biking paths) are unique communities ripe for collaboration. We propose Let's Chalk: a system for collaborative distance sidewalk chalk play that connects greenways in different locations to create an aesthetic experience ... Keywords: aesthetic experience, chalk, community, distance collaboration, greenways, play

Matthew Jennex; Stephanie Louraine; Stephen Miller; Angélica Rosenzweig Castillo

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Multiphase Strengthened Nickel Base Superalloys Containing ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

treatment and aging techniques. Table II: Compositi ions of Alloys Investigated. Alloy. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Base. ' + HfC. Alloy 1. Y+Y'+. IN-100. MERL 76. Corn pos ition.

279

NIST: Strengthening US Innovation and Industrial ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... it is a gallon of gasoline or the amount of electricity used and ... upon for navigation, telecommunications, financial transactions, and basic research. ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

280

Microstructural Evolution, Precipitation Behavior and Strengthening ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

D8: Study of Rack and Chord Assembly Formability for Jack-up Platforms ... Zone of Zr-Ti Microalloyed High-strength High-toughness Offshore Structural Steels.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inequality strengthening democratic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Oxide strengthened molybdenum-rhenium alloy  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Provided is a method of making an ODS molybdenum-rhenium alloy which includes the steps of: (1) forming a slurry containing molybdenum oxide and a metal salt dispersed in an aqueous medium, the metal salt being selected from nitrates or acetates of lanthanum, cerium or thorium; (2) heating the slurry in the presence of hydrogen to form a molybdenum powder comprising molybdenum and an oxide of the metal salt; (3) mixing rhenium powder with the molybdenum powder to form a molybdenum-rhenium powder; (4) pressing the molybdenum-rhenium powder to form a molybdenum-rhenium compact; (5) sintering the molybdenum-rhenium compact in hydrogen or under a vacuum to form a molybdenum-rhenium ingot; and (6) compacting the molybdenum-rhenium ingot to reduce the cross-sectional area of the molybdenum-rhenium ingot and form a molybdenum-rhenium alloy containing said metal oxide. The present invention also provides an ODS molybdenum-rhenium alloy made by the method.

Bianco, Robert; Buckman, William R. Jr.

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

GRAIN BOUNDARY STRENGTHENING PROPERTIES OF TUNGSTEN ALLOYS  

SciTech Connect

Density functional theory was employed to investigate grain boundary (GB) properties of W alloys. A range of substitutional solutes across the Periodic Table was investigated to understand the behavior of different electronic orbitals in changing the GB cleavage energy in the ?27a[110]{525} GB. A number of transition metals were predicted to enhance the GB cohesion. This includes Ru, Re, Os, Ir, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ti, Hf, Ta and Nb. While lanthanides, s and p elements were tended to cause GB embrittlement.

Setyawan, Wahyu; Kurtz, Richard J.

2012-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

283

Strengthening the Connections: Research Innovation and ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Energy technology: you'll see a mission agency that takes energy technology and ... explain how that actually leads to a very poor optimization of our ...

2013-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

284

Simulation of Precipitation Kinetics and Precipitation Strengthening ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Materials Genomics Past & Future: From CALPHAD to Flight · Microstructure Stability of Multi-Materials Systems with Adaptive Microstructures · Modeling of ...

285

STRENGTHENING THE HOME-SCHOOL LITERACY CONNECTION.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The purpose of this study was to investigate the issues impacting the home-school connection, by exploring the following questions: What issues do parents face that… (more)

Brown, Kristin N.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Chemical Strengthening of Soda Lime Silicate Glass  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ion Exchanged Mixed Glass Cullet Proppants for Stimulation of Oil and Natural Gas Bearing Shales · Modeling the Electrical Conductivity in Glass Melts.

287

Strengthening Our Partnerships with Historically Black Colleges...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

President Haysbert discussed Langston University's partnership with the Department, the Oklahoma Black Farmers and Agriculturalists Association, and others to explore the market...

288

ADDRESSING INEQUALITIES The Heart of the Post-2015 Development Agenda and the Future We Want for All Global Thematic Consultation GOING VISIBLE: WOMEN’S RIGHTS ON THE INTERNET  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DISCLAIMER: The findings, interpretations and conclusions expressed in this paper are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the policies or views of UN Women, UNICEF or Information and communication technologies (ICTs) create new scenarios, new ways for people to live, and these reflect real-?life problems. Women need to assert their rights here with determination and without delay. Women may not have been an active part of policy-?making conversations when internet governance started, but the rapid pace of change online means they need to participate now to ensure that the future of the internet is shaped taking into account women’s rights. For people who have little access to other kinds of publics due to the multiple forms of discrimination they face- ? including gender, age, class or sexuality- ? the internet can be a particularly important space to negotiate and realise their rights. For women, the internet is a vital public sphere due to barriers of access to media or political representation. Inequalities that women face in terms of economic power, education and access to resources also affect access and participation in shaping the internet, its debates and policy. This explains why the internet has become an increasingly critical public sphere for the

Women’s Rights Programme

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

The Developmental and Democratic Challenges of Postcolonial Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

nation, the dawn of Kenya's ‘Second Republic’. REFERENCESpolitics of public order in Kenya. ” African Affairs 102,Hanged: The Dirty War in Kenya and the End of Empire. New

Zeleza, Paul Tiyambe

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Explaining the International Environmental Cooperation of Democratic Countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1996. Directory of International Organizations. Washington,by the Directory of International Organizations (Schraepler

Recchia, Steven

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Technical engine for democratization of modeling, simulations, and predictions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Computational science and engineering play a critical role in advancing both research and daily-life challenges across almost every discipline. As a society, we apply search engines, social media, and selected aspects of engineering to improve personal ...

Justyna Zander; Pieter J. Mosterman

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Democratizing global tourism or designing diversity to reach harmony  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The largest lake in the Balkans, the largest bird "airport" in Europe, multinational, protected under the Ramsar Convention, a candidate for the UNESCO transboundary biosphere enlisting, the Skadar Lake is yet, economically ...

Radoman, Slobodan, M. Arch. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Accelerating and democratizing science through cloud-based services.  

SciTech Connect

Many businesses today save time and money, and increase their agility, by outsourcing mundane IT tasks to cloud providers. The author argues that similar methods can be used to overcome the complexities inherent in increasingly data-intensive, computational, and collaborative scientific research. He describes Globus Online, a system that he and his colleagues are developing to realize this vision. he scientific community today has unprecedented opportunities to effect transformational change in how individuals and teams engage in discovery. The driving force is a set of interrelated new capabilities that, when harnessed, can enable dramatic acceleration in the discovery process: greater availability of massive data, exponentially faster computers, ultra-high-speed networks, and deep interdisciplinary collaboration. The opportunity - and challenge - is to make these capabilities accessible not just to a few 'big science' projects but to every researcher at every level. Here, I argue that the key to seizing this opportunity is embracing software delivery methods that haven't been widely adopted in research, notably software as a service (SaaS) - a technology that forms an important part of what people refer to as the cloud. I also describe projects in the Computation Institute at the University of Chicago and Argonne National Laboratory that aim to realize this vision, focusing initially on data movement and management.

Foster, I. (CLS-CI); ( MCS)

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Democratization and the development of Japan's uneven welfare state  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Comparative data reveal that Japan consistently has had one of the highest poverty rates among advanced industrialized nations, yet its government taxes the poor more heavily and gives them less in public cash transfers ...

Shimabukuro, Yumiko T

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Democrats, republicans and starbucks afficionados: user classification in twitter  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

More and more technologies are taking advantage of the explosion of social media (Web search, content recommendation services, marketing, ad targeting, etc.). This paper focuses on the problem of automatically constructing user profiles, which can significantly ... Keywords: machine learning, microblogging, social media, user profiling

Marco Pennacchiotti; Ana-Maria Popescu

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Strengthening Markets for Recyclables: A Worldwide Perspective Part 1. Policies for Strengthening Recycling in the US  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using a Color Sorter to Remove Sticks from Mechanically Harvested Red Chile Chile New Mexic o Seed and Chile Co. Robert Flynn Soil Scientist NMSU's Extension Plant Sciences Lupe Garcia Owner Garcia@nmsu.edu #12;New Mexico Chile Task Force Report 20 1 Using a Color Sorter to Remove Sticks from Mechanically

Barlaz, Morton A.

297

Entrepreneurship and income inequality in southern Ethiopia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Apr 7, 2009 ... source of cash income for the local population. In ... followed over the years, enforced by tradition, by the socialist administration that was in power until .... index following a uniform percentage change in yk is .... hand, require access to markets and changes in the ..... tion of earnings in the United States.

298

A Magnetic Contribution to the Hardy Inequality  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the quadratic form associated to the kinetic energy operator in the presence of an external magnetic field in d = 3. We show that if the radial component of the magnetic field does not vanish identically, then the classical lower bound given by Hardy is improved by a non-negative potential term depending on properties of the magnetic field.

Tomas Ekholm; Fabian Portmann

2013-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

299

Exploring Computational Sustainability via Differential Variational Inequalities.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Sustainability is a widely accepted paradigm for better future in governmental as well as non-governmental organizations. Computational sustainability is a rapidly growing area of study… (more)

Chung, Sung Hoon

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Some preconditioners for systems of linear inequalities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jun 20, 2013 ... space Rm×n. Goffin-Cucker-Cheung's condition number is defined in terms of the best conditioned solution to the system defined by A. Al-.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inequality strengthening democratic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Optimization Online - On valid inequalities for quadratic ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aug 14, 2012 ... Citation: Manuscript, Wisconsin Institutes for Discovery, University of Wisconsin- Madison, 08/2012. Download: [PDF]. Entry Submitted: 08/14/ ...

302

Optimization Online - Strong Branching Inequalities for Convex ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Citation: Technical Report, Computer Science Department, University of Wisconsin-Madison. Download: [PDF]. Entry Submitted: 09/03/2011. Entry Accepted: ...

303

The Representational Sources of Political Inequality  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Studies 18: 155-78. Weatherford, M. Stephen. 1983. “Economic1981; Feldman 1982; Weatherford 1983; Markus 1988). While

Hayes, Thomas J.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Income inequality, tax base and sovereign spreads  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SVN NLD HUN CZE ISL DEU RUS ESP ISR PRT GRC POL SVK BRA UKRDEU*), DENMARK(DNK*), SPAIN(ESP*), FRANCE(FRA*), GREECE(Correlation = -.72 DNK RUS PRT ESP POL BGR PER ARG VEN BEL

Aizenman, Joshua; Jinjarak, Yothin

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Partition inequalities for capacitated survivable network design ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

more than the capacity installed and all demands are met at minimum total cost. NDP is .... number) at the destination node tk from the source node sk. We assume that ...... The next theorem states conditions under which p-cycle flow subset-Q.

306

State Merit Scholarship Programs and Racial Inequality  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Evidence from Florida and Michigan. In D. E. Heller & P.doctoral dissertation, Michigan State University, Eastfinancial aid: Evidence from Michigan. Paper presented at

Orfield, Gary; Cornwell, Christopher; Mustard, David B.; Binder, Melissa; Gandarton, Philip T.; St. John, Edward P.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Essays on housing, education, and inequality  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

According to standard economic theory, more people will obtain postsecondary education in response to the rising college wage premium. However, students from low income families remain less likely to earn a college degree ...

Shamsuddin, Shomon (Shomon Shamsuddin)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

On equalities in two entropic inequalities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A simple criterion for local equality between the constrained Holevo capacity and the quantum mutual information of a quantum channel is obtained. It implies that the set of all states for which this equality holds is determined by the kernel of the channel (as a linear map). Applications to Bosonic Gaussian channels are considered. It is shown that for a Gaussian channel having no completely depolarizing components the above characteristics may coincide only at non-Gaussian mixed states and a criterion of existence of such states is given. All the obtained results may be reformulated as conditions for equality between the constrained Holevo capacity of a quantum channel and the input von Neumann entropy.

M. E. Shirokov

2013-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

309

LINEAR INEQUALITIES AMONG GRAPH INVARIANTS: USING ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

[30] P. Fowler, P. Hansen, G. Caporossi, and A. Soncini, Polyenes with maximum homo-lumo gap. (variable neighborhood search for extremal graphs 7), ...

310

Bound reduction using pairs of linear inequalities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This does not improve the worst case complexity, which is O((m + h)2n2), but it is useful ..... tors, Handbook of Global Optimization, volume 1, pages 751–828.

311

Reformulation of Capacitated Facility Location Problems: How Redundant Information Can Help  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Most facility location problems are computationally hard to solve. The standard technique for solving these problems is branch-and-bound. To keep the size of the branch-and-bound tree as small as possible it is important to obtain a good lower bound on the optimal solution by deriving strong linear relaxations. One way of strengthening the linear relaxation is by adding inequalities that define facets of the convex hull of feasible solutions. Here we describe some simple, but computationally very useful classes of inequalities that were originally developed for relaxations of the facility location problems. Algorithms for generating violated inequalities belonging to the described classes have been implemented as system features in various branchand -bound software packages, so as long as the software can recognize the relaxations for which the inequalities are developed, the inequalities will be generated "automatically". Here we explicitly add the variables and constraints that are n...

Karen Aardal

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Simplified Production of Ni-Based Oxide Dispersion Strengthened  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Austenitic Steel Oxidation in Steam: Alloy Composition and Surface Modification ... Ni-Base Alloys for Use as Components in Advanced-USC Steam Turbines.

313

Strengthening Concepts & Mechanical Behavior of Ni-Base Alloys in ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

These alloys are among several that offer the best potential for building steam turbine components for a power plant operating at ?1400°F. Design strategy, ...

314

Strengthening America's Energy Future through Education and Workforce...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

to ensure that our workforce is as vibrant as ever; teaching our students and future solar panel installers, line engineers and smart grid technicians the skills necessary to...

315

Global gas processing will strengthen to meet expanding markets  

SciTech Connect

The worldwide LPG industry continues to expand faster than the petroleum industry -- 4%/year for LPG vs. 2%/year for petroleum in 1995 and less than 1%/year in the early 1990s. This rapid expansion of LPG markets is occurring in virtually every region of the world, including such developing countries as China. The Far East is the focus of much of the LPG industry`s attention, but many opportunities exist in other regions such as the Indian subcontinent, Southeast Asia, and Latin America. The investment climate is improving in all phases of downstream LPG marketing, including terminaling, storage, and wholesale and retail distribution. The world LPG supply/demand balance has been relatively tight since the Gulf War and should remain so. Base demand (the portion of demand that is not highly price-sensitive) is expanding more rapidly than supplies. As a result, the proportion of total LPG supplies available for price-sensitive petrochemical feedstock markets is declining, at least in the short term. The paper discusses importers, price patterns, world LPG demand, world LPG supply, US NGL supply, US gas processing, ethane and propane supply, butane, isobutane, and natural gasoline supply, and US NGL demand.

Haun, R.R. [Purvin and Gertz Inc., Dallas, TX (United States); Otto, K.W.; Whitley, S.C.; Gist, R.L. [Purvin and Gertz Inc., Houston, TX (United States)

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Cross-market relationships strengthened in the third quarter of ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Greenhouse gas data, voluntary report- ing, electric power plant emissions. Highlights ... The correlation between prompt-month West Texas Intermediate ...

317

On the Strengthening of the Centrifugally Cast HK40 Tube  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

D. J. Cox and D. E. Jordan: Ibid,- p.121. 5. J. F. B. Jackson,. D. Slater and D. W. 0. Dawson: Ibid, p.153. 6. J. A. Van Echo, D. B. Roach and A. M. Hall: Journal.

318

Insight into Cluster Strengthening in a Nb-Microalloyed High ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Contributions of Atom Probe Tomography to the Understanding of Steels · Control of p-n ... Relationships in a Series of Co-Cr-Cu-Fe-Ni-Al High Entropy Alloys.

319

Reasoning about Executional Uncertainty to Strengthen Schedules Laura M. Hiatt  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

model. A grid search and cross-validation on the training data is computed to find the best C of nonlinear partial differential equations, or the Navier-Lamé (NLE) equation, given by µ2-u +( + µ)(·-u )+ f enforces a constraint on how far the material will stretch. Simply put, the NLE equation describes

Simmons, Reid

320

Strengthening the nuclear-reactor fuel cycle against proliferation  

SciTech Connect

Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) conducts several research programs that serve to reduce the risks of fissile-material diversion from the nuclear-reactor fuel cycle. The objectives are to provide economical and efficient neutron or power generation with the minimum of inherent risks, and to further minimize risks by utilizing sophisticated techniques to detect attempts at material diversion. This paper will discuss the Reduced Enrichment Research and Test Reactor (RERTR) Program, the Isotope Correlation Technique (ICT), and Proliferation-Resistant Closed-Cycle Reactors. The first two are sponsored by the DOE Office of Arms Control and Nonproliferation.

Travelli, A.; Snelgrove, J.; Persiani, P. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Arms Control and Nonproliferation Program

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inequality strengthening democratic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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321

Austenitic Steels Strengthened by Nano-Twinned Austenitic Grains  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fluorescent Nanoparticle Tracers for Oil Exploration and Production · Formation of Fe-Based Nanostructured Metallic Coatings by Spray Forming.

322

Secretaries Chu and Salazar to Convene Meeting on Strengthening...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Commandant for Operations, United States Coast Guard Andrew Inglis, Chief Executive of Exploration & Production, BP Rex W. Tillerson, Chairman& CEO, ExxonMobil Hon. Don Winter,...

323

Edge-Strength of Thin Chemically Strengthened Glass  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Structure and Transport Properties of Nanoconfined Water in Porous Silica and Water-Glass ... on the Mechanical and Optical Properties of Multiphase Ceramics.

324

Strengthening Mechanisms of Highly Textured Cu/Ni Multilayers ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... be potential candidates for coatings that can be used in harsh oil and gas environment. ... of Transport Phenomena for Enhanced Oil Recovery Applications .

325

Waterproofing and Strengthening Volcanic Tuff in Waste Repositories  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Waste repositories from surface trenches and shafts at Los Alamos to drilled tunnels at Yucca Mountain are being built in volcanic Tuff, a soft compacted material that is permeable to water and air. US Department of Energy documents on repository design identify the primary design goal of 'preventing water from reaching the waste canisters, dissolving the canisters and carrying the radioactive waste particles away from the repository'. Designers expect to achieve this by use of multiple barriers along with careful placement of the repository both well above the water table and well above the ground level in a mountain. Though repositories are located in areas that have a historically dry climate to minimize the impact of rainfall infiltration, global warming phenomena may have the potential to alter regional climate patterns - potentially leading to higher infiltration rates. Conventional methods of sealing fractures within volcanic tuff may not be sufficiently robust or long lived to isolate a repository shaft from water for the required duration. A new grouting technology based on molten wax shows significant promise for producing the kind of long term sealing performance required. Molten wax is capable of permeating a significant distance through volcanic tuff, as well as sealing fractures by permeation that is thermally dependent instead of chemically or time dependent. The wax wicks into and saturates tuff even if no fractures are present, but penetrates and fills only the heated area. Heated portions of the rock fill like a vessel. The taffy-like wax has been shown to waterproof the tuff, and significantly increase its resistance to fracture. This wax was used in 2004 for grouting of buried radioactive beryllium waste at the Idaho National Laboratory, chiefly to stop the water based corrosion reactions of the waste. The thermoplastic material contains no water and does not dry out or change with age. Recent studies indicate that this kind of wax material may be inherently resistant to bio-degradation. (authors)

Carter, E.E.; Carter, P.E. [Technologies Co, Texas (United States); Cooper, D.C. [Ph.D. Idaho National Laboratory, Idaho Falls, ID (United States)

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States: A Path ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Page 1. The author(s) shown below used Federal funds provided by the US Department of Justice and prepared the following final report: ...

2012-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

327

Bio-inspired mechanical strengthening of single crystals of calcite  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Microbial synthesis and fabrication of palladium nanoparticle catalysts by using the metal ion-reducing bacterium Shewanella algae · Micromechanical ...

328

Intermetallic Strengthened Alumina-Forming Austenitic Steels for ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... turbines in power generation systems, materials are required that are strong, .... Predicting Combined Operational and Residual Stress Fields and Critical and ...

329

Effect of Oxide Dispersion Strengthening on Spark Plasma Sintering ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Studies on densification behavior revealed that steel powders with dispersed ceramic ... Synthesis of TiN Nanorods by Thermal Decomposition of Solid/Gas ...

330

Development of a Fabricable Gamma Prime Strengthened Superalloy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

aerospace structural components, as well as automotive and steam turbine applications .... The distribution and size of the ?' particles is seen to be quite uniform.

331

Secretary of Energy Signs Memorandum of Understanding to Strengthen...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

technologies. Also today, Secretary Bodman met with Minister of Science, Technology and Higher Education Mariano Gago to review a joint program beginning in March 2009 between...

332

Working on the Nation's S&T Infrastructure: Strengthening the ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... NIST first published the handbook in 1964. ... Activities in this category of fundamental research are proof that ... For an answer, I'll turn to Lord Kelvin ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

333

Rectangular Reinforced Concrete Beams Strengthened with CFRP Straps  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, the rate of softening increases (see Fig. 2(a)). The principal tensile strain at the crack plane slipping stage (??_????) corresponds to the intersection of the curves represented by Eqns. 1 and 2. Fig. 2(b) shows the behavior of ??_???? vs ? assuming ??... increases significantly, the crack planes start to slip, and the steel web reinforcement tends to yield. The aggregate interlocking mechanism and the concrete contribution towards the shear strength deteriorate [Yapa 2011]. If however the beam 2...

Yapa, Hiran D.; Lees, Janet M.

2013-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

334

Creep Deformation and Rupture of Oxide Dispersion Strengthened ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

of crept MA 754 in the transmission electron microscope. (TEM) showed ... MA 6000E could not be tested due to the non-availability of large diameter bars.

335

Design of Precipitation Strengthened Al-Sc-Zr-X Alloys ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Exploration of new low-alloy aluminum systems may introduce improved ... Frequency Modulation Effect on the Solidification of Alloy 718 Fusion Zone.

336

Tags and seals to strengthen arms control verification  

SciTech Connect

Tags and seals have long been recognized as important tools in arms control. The trend in control of armaments is to limit militarily significant equipment that is capable of being verified through direct and cooperative means, chiefly on-site inspection or monitoring. Although this paper will focus on the CFE treaty, the role of tags and seals for other treaties will also be addressed. Published technology and concepts will be reviewed, based on open sources. Arms control verification tags are defined as unique identifiers designed to be tamper-revealing; in that respect, seals are similar, being used as indicators of unauthorized access. Tamper-revealing tags are intended as single-point markers, seals for two-point couplings, and nets for volume containment. Seals usually bind two separate components, such as a hatch or flange that provides access to a secure compartment or a valve that controls fluid flow. A tamper-revealing net might be comprised of a coupled fiberoptic bundle wrapped around an object. Sometimes the term ``seal`` is used to denote the tamper-revealing feature of a tag that is attached to a surface, but in this paper the tamper-indicating connection is considered to be part of the tag concept itself.

DeVolpi, A.

1990-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

337

DOE Strengthens Rules Governing Worker Safety | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Rule), is posted on the Office of Environment, Safety and Health website at: http:www.hss.energy.govhealthsafetywshprulemaking. Media contact(s): Mike Waldron, 202-586-4940...

338

Strengthening Effect of Single-atomic-layer Graphene in Metal ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The two-dimensional geometry, high intrinsic strength and modulus of graphene can effectively constrain dislocation motion, resulting in the significant ...

339

INCREASED STRENGTHENING OF AUSTENITIC ALLOYS THROUGH DUAL AGING  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

d o - - -700°C after first aging at 745°C /2 hr tween) (nobJ,J". _.J__ __JI (TOTAL) AGING TIME (hr) XBL Figure 22 aALLOYS THROUGH DUAL AGING Annie Ma Inorganic Materials

Ma, Annie

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Structure/Property Relationships in Solid-Solution Strengthened ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Augmented Strain Required To Initiate. HAZ Cracking,* %. Following 1000 Hr. Exposure At Indicated Temperature. Alloy As-Received. 65O'C (1200'F).

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inequality strengthening democratic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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341

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Strengthening insights into host responses to  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) and the Department of Computer Sci- ence at UBC for their kind technical support. I am particularly grateful to Dave Brent, Michael Sanderson, Teresa Gomez-D´iaz, Chris Majewski, Eric Schost, and Pierre Lafon. I would

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

342

President Obama Signs New Directive to Strengthen our Work to...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

and one that is vital to achieving our overall foreign policy objectives." President Obama recognizes that in order to translate our commitment into impact we need dedicated...

343

Press Pass - Press Release - March 14, 2013: New evidence strengthens...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Laboratory and Brookhaven National Laboratory. Fermilab is heavily involved in the Higgs boson research at the Large Hadron Collider. The Illinois laboratory serves as the U.S....

344

Lasershot peening--a means to strengthen metals  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Lasershot peening is an emerging modern process that impresses a compressive stress into the surfaces of metals, improving their operational lifetime. Almost everyone is familiar with taking a strip of metal or a wire and bending it multiple times until it breaks. In this situation, when the metal is bent, the surface of outer radius is stretched into a tensile state. Under tension, any flaw or micro-crack will grow in size with each bending of the metal until the crack grows through the entire strip, breaking it into two pieces. Flexure of metal components occurs in most applications. The teeth of a transmission gear flex as they deliver torque in a vehicle. Springs and valves flex every time they transfer loads. If fatigue failure from flexing occurs in the tooth of a transmission gear of light or heavy vehicles, in a fan blade of a diesel engine, in shock-absorbers or safety-related supporting structures, significant loss of assets and potentially loss of human life occurs. Lasershot peening, better than any other technique, has the potential to extend the fatigue lifetime of metal components. In the process, the laser generates a high intensity shock wave at the surface of the metal, straining the metal and leaving a residual compressive stress. If the compressive stress is intense and deep enough, when the gear tooth or component flexes under load, the surface remains in compression and a micro-crack or flaw on the surface cannot grow. Test data on gears are showing lifetime improvements up to 6 times. Tests on structural aluminum components, such as used in the transportation vehicle are showing 10 to 15 times lifetime improvement. As shown in the Figure below, recent fatigue tests on 2024 T3 aluminum under various stress load conditions, show more than 50 times improvement in fatigue lifetime for structural aluminum test plates when compared to unpeened components and 10 times when compared to conventionally shot-peened components.

Chen, H-L

2000-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Strengthening America's Energy Security with Offshore Wind (Fact Sheet)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This fact sheet describes the current state of the offshore wind industry in the United States and the offshore wind research and development activities conducted the U.S. Department of Energy Wind and Water Power Program.

Not Available

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Strengthening America's Energy Security with Offshore Wind (Fact Sheet) (Revised)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This fact sheet provides a brief description of offshore wind energy development in the U.S. and DOE's Wind Program offshore wind R&D activities.

Not Available

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Oxide Dispersion Strengthened Superalloys: The Role of Grain ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

weakest link in the microstructural chain. That this is the case ..... Schriider, J. and Arzt, E., “Weak Beam Studies of Dislocation-Dispersoid Interaction in an ODS ...

348

New research shows defects in twin boundaries that strengthen...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Jaime Marian, Troy Barbee, Jr. and Alex Hamza. Collaborators from the University of Vermont and Ames Laboratory also contributed to the research. The research appears in the May...

349

Strengthening the Infrastructure for 21st Century Innovation ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... due to congestion or bad weather -- we definitely ... to one of the fundamental tools of modern ... laser frequency itself became a research tool with an ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

350

Science and Technology of Chemical Strengthening of Glass  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One of Cooper's contributions to glass was the scientific understanding of the ... Field Assisted Viscous Flow and Crystallization in a Sodium Aluminosilicate Glass ... Mechanisms of the Conversion Reaction in FeF2 Cathodes Exposed to Li in ...

351

Influence of Bath Composition on Chemical Strengthening Process ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A History of the Theories of Glass Structure: Can We Really Believe What is ... Field Assisted Viscous Flow and Crystallization in a Sodium Aluminosilicate Glass ... Mechanisms of the Conversion Reaction in FeF2 Cathodes Exposed to Li in ...

352

Strengthening Clean Energy Technology Cooperation under the UNFCCC...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy Laboratory Sector: Energy Focus Area: Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics: Market analysis, Technology characterizations Resource Type: Publications Website:...

353

Initiative for the Transformation and Strengthening of the Solar...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy Organization Partner UNEP Sector Energy Focus Area - Solar Hot Water Topics Market analysis, Policiesdeployment programs Resource Type Workshop Website http:...

354

Has Globalization Strengthened South Korea’s National Research System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We trace the structural patterns of co-authorship between Korean researchers at three institutional types (University, Government, and Industry) and their international partners in terms of the mutual information generated in these relations. Data were collected from the Web of Science during the period 1968-2009. The traditional Triple-Helix indicator was modified to measure the evolving network of co-authorship relations.. The results show that international co-authorship relations have varied considerably over time and with changes in government policies, but most relations have become stable since the early 2000s. In other words, the national publication system of Korea has gained some synergy from R&D internationalization during the 1990s, but the development seems to stagnate particularly at the national level: whereas both university and industrial collaborations are internationalized, the cross-connection within Korea has steadily eroded.

Ki-seok Kwon; Han Woo Park; Minho So; Loet Leydesdorff

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Strengthening Precipitates in Argon Atomized PM Alloy 625  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

particle size which is less than 500 rnp for most applications. PM A625 consistently achieves 517 MPa (75 ksi) (API specification 6A Type III strength) and higher.

356

Bonus -- Cameras Designed to Strengthen Nuclear Security Can...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

used to detect prostate cancer. The "ProxiScan" cameras rely on cadmium-zinc-telluride (CZT) gamma-ray detection material, which is incorporated into tools to help prevent the...

357

Strengthening Global Security The central mission of the Laboratory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, a 16-minute film, tells the story of the Manhattan Project and Los Alamos from 1942­1945. The film focusing on national security. The Laboratory was established in 1943 as part of the Manhattan Project the site of a boys' ranch school, became the focus of the secret project to develop a new weapon, one

358

Checklist of Host-Parasite Interactions of the Order Crocodylia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and lungs. Elkan (1977); Albertville, Democratic Republic ofand lungs. Elkan (1977); Albertville, Democratic Republic of

Tellez, Marisa

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

An Iterative Scheme for Valid Polynomial Inequality Generation in ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Computational results for quadratic knapsack instances. Values in bold are optimal. Lasserre. DIGS n Optimal r obj. t(sec) Iter. 0 Iter. 1 Iter. 5 Iter. 10 t(sec). 5 370.

360

The Maximum Flow Network Interdiction Problem: Valid Inequalities ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

applications in identifying critical infrastructure in supply (e.g., food, energy, medicine), domestic service (e.g., police, fire, EMS) and communication networks [6].

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inequality strengthening democratic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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361

Two step MIR inequalities for mixed-integer programs - Optimization ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jul 10, 2006 ... A useful technique in generating cutting planes for mixed integer programs is to extract a single ...... waste on the selected patterns. We try out ...

362

The Variational Inequality Approach for Solving Spatial Auction ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mar 23, 2007 ... Department of System Analysis and Information Technologies, ... Spatial market problem, capacity constraints, variational in- equality, auction ... of applications, such as Engineering, Energy and Economics, and their man-.

363

Optimization Online - A New Class of Valid Inequalities for Nonlinear ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Feb 19, 2013 ... Given is such network with active and passive components, that is, valves, compressors, pressure regulators (active) and pipelines (passive), ...

364

Inner approximations for polynomial matrix inequalities and robust ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Apr 26, 2011 ... space of m × m real symmetric matrices. For a given matrix ..... by the components of the integral on complement set B\\P, and this deteriorates the inner .... proximations of P, scaled within the unit box for visualization purposes.

365

MARKOV AND BERNSTEIN TYPE INEQUALITIES IN Lp ... - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nova Scotia. Columbus. Canada B3H 3J5. Ohio 43210. USA. Present address: Department of Mathematics. Simon Fraser University. Burnaby. British Columbia.

366

Inequalities for Compound Mean Iterations with Logarithmic ... - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is a fundamental property of AGZ that the right-hand quantity is iden- .... M. ABRAMOWITZ AND I. STEGUN, ?Handbook of Mathematical Functions," Dover,.

367

Strong Valid Inequalities for Orthogonal Disjunctions and Bilinear ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sep 24, 2008 ... [12] I. Harjunkoski, T. Westerlund, R. Porn, and H. Skrifvars. Different transformations for solving non-convex trim-loss problems by MINLP.

368

Robust counterparts of inequalities containing sums of maxima of ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nov 4, 2011... only adds a subset of the vertices, which they successfully tested ..... The number of vertices of their uncertainty region can not be deducted from their report. ..... High dose rate brachytherapy (HDR-BT) is a form of radiation ...

369

the matricial relaxation of a linear matrix inequality - Optimization ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There does not seem to exist a clean linear Nichtnegativstellensatz. We found ... techniques to commuting variables and derive a “clean” classical Putinar ...

370

Analytic centers and repelling inequalities Richard J. Caron a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

YDR061W YDR214W SSA4 BTN2 SNG1 YJL035C YJR046W YKL052C LST8 YNL063W YNL077W YPR158W ECM17 YEL072W PLM2

Greenberg, Harvey J.

371

A simple exact separation algorithm for 2-matching inequalities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Simón Bol?var University, Venezuela. Abstract. In this work we present an exact separation algorithm for the so called 2-matching in- equalities, otherwise known  ...

372

Paid and Unpaid Work. Can Policy Improve Gender Inequalities?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.3: Average Annual Gross Earnings of 1995 Graduates by Gender Source: Figure from Purcell and Elias (2008). First main job after 1995 degree £0 £5,000 £10,000 £15,000 Men Women Gender gap = 11% Gender gap = 15% Gender gap = 19% £20,000 £25,000 £30,000 £35... over the last decade. The data used are from the British Household Panel Survey, which is a longitudinal survey of over 5,000 households in Britain. Here we report analysis by Harkness (2008) which concentrates on couples where the women...

Scott, Jacqueline; Dex, Shirley

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Firm Heterogeneity in Capital labor Ratios and Wage Inequality  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

n d the dispersion of capital intensity across i r m s . TheThe upward trend i n capital intensity dispersion is commonof wages a n d of capital intensity across i r m s is

Leonardi, Marco

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

On Valid Inequalities for Quadratic Programming with Continuous ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

6 Discussion and Future Work. Results in this paper leave interesting open ... Fixed-charge transportation with product blending. Transportation Science,.

375

Nikolskii-type inequalities for shift invariant function spaces - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Let n ! # "%$'&?() $102(4 34 34 35 () $ n76 be a set of distinct. 8@97ACBED FHG numbers.PI he collection of all linear combinations of ofRQ%S4TVUV(W ...

376

and Nikolskii-type inequalities for exponential sums - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2. 1 term exponential sums with constant first term. Schmidt [898 ] proved that there is a constantA@ (n) depending only on n so that ?. &. ' ??BDCFE ,G -HE ?.

377

Two step MIR inequalities for mixed-integer programs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jul 10, 2006 ... where, the upper bounds w and u are set to infinity for unbounded instances ..... [

378

Growth, Inequality and Poverty in Emerging and Transition Economies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Dec 19, 2009 ... does not identify a ''U-shaped'' Kuznets curve because even after a consistent ...... They concern five fundamental governance dimensions: voice and ..... Behrman J (eds) Handbook of development economics, North-Holland.

379

Valid Inequalities Based on Demand Propagation for Chemical ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The planning of chemical production often involves the optimization of the ... Production tasks convert a set of input materials into a set of output materials, and  ...

380

Inequality Constraints and Euler Equation Based Solution Methods  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PONTUS RENDAHL Assumption 1. The feasibility correspondence can be formulated as ?(x, z) = {y ? X : mj(x, y, z) ? 0, j = 1, . . . , r} and the functions mj(x, y, z), j = 1, . . . , r, are, once continuously differentiable in x and y, and convex in y... ought to be noted here. First, Assumption 2 implies that there exists a yˆ such that mj(x, yˆ, z) < 0, for all x, z and j. This is normally known as Slater’s condition. Second, part (i) of Assumption 3 implies part (ii), but the converse...

Rendahl, Pontus

2013-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inequality strengthening democratic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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381

Government Policy Effects on Urban and Rural Income Inequality  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EITC Phase-out Minimum Wage AFDC/TANF Female-head Post-taxPhase-out Minimum Wage AFDC/TANF Female-head * statisticallyIns. SSI Disability Ins. AFDC/TANF AFDC/TANF Need Std. 0.009

Wu, Ximing; Perloff, Jeffrey M.; Golan, Amos

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Unharnessing the power of Schrijver's permanental inequality (The ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jun 16, 2011 ... M. Voorhoeve in 1979 [15] , this conjecture was settled only in 1998 [3] (17 years af- ter the published .... inspection gives that. CW(P, Q) ? ?2 ...

383

Trade unions, inequality, and democracy in the US and Mexico  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

labor revitalization in Mexico. ” In Labor Revitalization:in twentieth-century Mexico. ” Latin American Researchgender equity rights in Mexico. ” Journal of Latin American

Tilly, Chris

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Remittances, Inequality and Poverty: Evidence from Rural Mexico  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Source: Estimates from Mexico National Rural HouseholdSource: Estimates from Mexico National Rural Householdand Poverty: Evidence from Rural Mexico by J. Edward Taylor,

Taylor, J. Edward; Mora, Jorge; Adams, Richard; Lopez-Feldman, Alejandro

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Convergent relaxations of polynomial matrix inequalities and static ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nov 15, 2004 ... Results from the theory of moments are used to detect ...... 2) Example REA3: A model of a nuclear reactor with n = 12 states, m = 1 input and.

386

On Wars and Political Development. The Role of International Conflicts in the Democratization of the West  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on the deployment of both armored chariots, manned by theof formations of heavily armored infantrymen (the so-called

Ticchi, David; Vindigni, Andrea

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Democracy and Economic Demands in Russia and Ukraine: Lessons for Democratic Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Shapiro, Ian and Alexander Wendt, 2005. “The Difference ThatShapiro, Ian and Alexander Wendt, 2005. “The Difference ThatTopper, Shapiro, and Wendt suggest that interpretivism is

Shulga, Mayia

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Internet voting: structural governance principles for election cyber security in democratic nations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In Europe, the U.S., and Asia, political and market forces seek expanded use of the Internet for voting and election administrative functions. Governmental responses have differed, but commonly governments omit qualified computer security experts from ... Keywords: assurance, cybersecurity, elections, governance, integrity, internet, mitigations, security, threats, transparency, voting

Candice Hoke

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Remembering the Bad Old Days: Human Rights, Economic Conditions, and Democratic Performance in Transitional Regimes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Serbia/Montenegro and Bosnia-Herzegovina are missing forof course, the war in Bosnia-Herzegovina demonstrated to all

Klingemann, Hans-Dieter; Hofferbert, Richard

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Design-for-empowerment-for-design : computational structures for design democratization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The vision to engage non-architects in the design of their habitat through the mediation of computer aids, dates back to the early computational era (1960s-1970s) and is currently being recast under cyber-cultural and ...

Vardouli, Theodora

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Democratic Accountability in International Relations: Domestic Pressures and Constraints for Coercive Foreign Policy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

My dissertation contributes to the accountability literature in international relations by examining the role constituents' preferences can potentially play in fomenting or constraining coercive foreign policies in democracies. In times of international crises, domestic audiences have specific coercive foreign policy preferences and will support executives who represent them when selecting coercive foreign policies. Executive actions will increase popular support or generate audience costs depending on whether these actions are consistent with the specific policy preferences that domestic audiences have given the threat a crisis poses to national security. To determine when audiences prefer economic or military coercion and how these preferences affect their evaluation of the executive I conduct three experiments, including a survey experiment conducted with a representative sample of Americans and an experiment conducted with a convenience sample in the United Kingdom. The results show interesting similarities and differences between the cross-national samples regarding foreign policy preferences and the public's propensity to support and punish leaders during times of international conflict. Mainly, I find that (1) the concept of audience costs can be expanded to cases of economic coercion, (2) under certain circumstances audience costs operate even in crises that are not very salient and (3) when there is a mismatch between public preferences and threats issued by the executive, audience costs do not operate at all.

Thomson, Catarina 1980-

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

The Collapse of Time: Decennial Anniversaries and the Experience of Time in the German Democratic Republic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

das dritte Schuljahr. Berlin: Volk und Wissen Volkseigenerdas dritte Schuljahr (Berlin: Volk und Wissen VolkseigenerRepublik (Berlin/Leipzig: Volk und Wissen Verlag, 1950).

Nyberg, Linda M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

The Challenge of Rural Democratization: Perspectives From Latin America and the Philippines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

unpublished manuscript. Herring, R.M. , 1983, Land to theYale University Press. Herring, R J . , and R.M. Edwards,works on South Asia include Herring [1983]; Kohli [1986] and

Fox, Jonathan A

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Types of Democratic Deliberation: The Limits and Potential of Citizen Participation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Science Review 86(1): 8-23 Weatherford, M.S. and McDonnell,Fung, forthcoming, Weatherford and McDonnell, forthcoming).

Rosenberg, Shawn W.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Democratic Republic of Congo-ClimateWorks Low Carbon Growth Planning...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Growth Planning Support AgencyCompany Organization ClimateWorks, Project Catalyst, McKinsey and Company Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Low emission development...

396

The Social Coalition Character of the Democratic and Republican Precinct Cadres in Detroit, 1956-1984  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jones, Bryan D. et al. 1986 Detroit, an American city. TheThe Party Coalitions in Detroit in 1956: The Socio-Economicof Party Cadres in Detroit, 1956. Social Characteristics

Eldersveld, Samuel J.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Review: School Commercialism: From Democratic Ideal to Market Commodity by Alex Molnar  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and the evolution of the Edison Project as a private managermodel developed by the Edison Project has improved studenthave taken control back from Edison management student

Wells, Lauren M.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

DPI403 NORRIS FALL 2009 8/13/2009 12:31 PM DEMOCRATIC GOVERNANCE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SALVADOR HONDURAS NICARAGUA COSTA RICA PANAMÁ COLOMBIA VENEZUELA ECUADOR PER� BRASIL BOLIVIA PARAGUAY CHILE NICARAGUA VENEZUELA BRASIL BOLIVIA URUGUAY ARGENTINA JAMAICA HAITÍ REP. DOMINICANA TRINIDAD Y TOBAGO (incluyendoa Venezuela)seconcentrael25%dela biodiversidaddelplaneta. EnlosAndes estánpresentes84delas114zonasde

Milchberg, Howard

399

Civil society and democratic consolidation in Poland : ENGOs and the programming of EU funds.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Poland and the other post-communist EU Member States are benefiting from large amounts of financial aid through the Cohesion and Structural Funds. This aid is… (more)

Cockbain, Paul Erik

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Fuel and Famine: Rural Energy Crisis in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy Use: Summary County Usage, 1990 Fuel Units Urban Rural TotalEnergy Use: Summary County Usage, 1990 Fuel Units Urban Rural TotalEnergy Use: Summary County Usage, 1990 Fuel Units Urban Rural Total

Williams, James H.; von Hippel, David; Hayes, Peter

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inequality strengthening democratic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Habitat Conservation Plans: Protecting Species, Enhancing Democratic Legitimacy and Promoting Stewardship are Not Mutually Exclusive Goals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE HCP HANDBOOK .. I.HABITAT CONSERVATION PLANNING HANDBOOK, http://www.fws.gov/bounda- ries. " 46 The HCP handbook does provide that the

Hulick, Anne B.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Mobilizing the Grassroots from Above: Political Engagement among AIDS Associations in Democratic Brazil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Participation in São Paulo, Brazil. World Development 33 (to AIDS challenges in Brazil: limits and possibilities.society in Argentina and Brazil. Comparative Politics:21-42.

Rich, Jessica A. J.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Citizens' evaluation of the president and democratic transition : determinants and effects of presidential approval in Mexico  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mexican state oil monopoly Pemex (Petróleos Mexicanos), wasMexican state oil monopoly Pemex (Petróleos Mexicanos), was

Gomez Vilchis, Ricardo Roman

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Fuel and Famine: Rural Energy Crisis in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SUPPLY OIL SUPPLY COAL SUPPLY BIOMASS USE FIGURE 1. DeclinesTONS ELECTRICITY SUPPLY MILLION TONS BILLION KWH BIOMASS USEdeclined. Biomass energy use increased. COAL SUPPLY MILLION

Williams, James H.; von Hippel, David; Hayes, Peter

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Fuel and Famine: Rural Energy Crisis in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy Supply in North Korea, 1990 and 1996. All forms ofEnergy Consumption in North Korea by sector, 1990 and 1996.People’s Republic of Korea James H. Williams, David Von

Williams, James H.; von Hippel, David; Hayes, Peter

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Church and civil society in Korea after democratization : the NGOs' activism for migrant workers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

as Underclass in Korea ( “????”? ????? ??? ?????? )." AsiaBishops’ Conference of Korea. 1993. "Do Not Neglect theMovement in S. Korea ( ??? ????? ???? ). Seoul: Dangdae.

Kim, Woo-Seon

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Secularizing Sentiment, Democratizing Virtue: A Genealogy of the Liberal Subject Over the Long Nineteenth Century  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Philosophy. ? Creative Intelligence: Essays in the PragmaticDewey, in Creative Intelligence: Essays in the Pragmatic

Epstein-Corbin, Sean

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Democratic Republic of Congo-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Programme (UNDP), German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), Australian Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency (DCCEE),...

409

"When the saints go marching in" : sadhus in democratic politics in late 20th century India  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This empirical study examines the political significance of religious leaders-known commonly as sadhus-in a huge and mature democracy like India. During the late '80s and the '90s, a flurry of sadhu activism coincided with ...

Pradhan, Rajesh Kumar

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Citizens' evaluation of the president and democratic transition : determinants and effects of presidential approval in Mexico  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Level Presidential Approval in Mexico………………. …………. ……85 2.1.Political Geography of State Politics in Mexico……. ……. ….88across the States of Mexico………………100 2.4. The Variation of

Gomez Vilchis, Ricardo Roman

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Review: School Commercialism: From Democratic Ideal to Market Commodity by Alex Molnar  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to profit seeking (p. 9). Cans of Coke in school cafeterias,pumping student consumption of Coke products throughout the

Wells, Lauren M.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Grantwriting 101: Tips and Techniques toGrantwriting 101: Tips and Techniques to Strengthen Applications for External FundingStrengthen Applications for External Funding  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

agreement with one or several industry sponsors (Source:(Source: http://www.siue.edu/ORP/ORP_POL/esr.htmlhttp://www.siue.edu/ORP/ORP

Hardy, Christopher R.

413

QMU as an approach to strengthening the predictive capabilities of complex models.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Complex systems are made up of multiple interdependent parts, and the behavior of the entire system cannot always be directly inferred from the behavior of the individual parts. They are nonlinear and system responses are not necessarily additive. Examples of complex systems include energy, cyber and telecommunication infrastructures, human and animal social structures, and biological structures such as cells. To meet the goals of infrastructure development, maintenance, and protection for cyber-related complex systems, novel modeling and simulation technology is needed. Sandia has shown success using M&S in the nuclear weapons (NW) program. However, complex systems represent a significant challenge and relative departure from the classical M&S exercises, and many of the scientific and mathematical M&S processes must be re-envisioned. Specifically, in the NW program, requirements and acceptable margins for performance, resilience, and security are well-defined and given quantitatively from the start. The Quantification of Margins and Uncertainties (QMU) process helps to assess whether or not these safety, reliability and performance requirements have been met after a system has been developed. In this sense, QMU is used as a sort of check that requirements have been met once the development process is completed. In contrast, performance requirements and margins may not have been defined a priori for many complex systems, (i.e. the Internet, electrical distribution grids, etc.), particularly not in quantitative terms. This project addresses this fundamental difference by investigating the use of QMU at the start of the design process for complex systems. Three major tasks were completed. First, the characteristics of the cyber infrastructure problem were collected and considered in the context of QMU-based tools. Second, UQ methodologies for the quantification of model discrepancies were considered in the context of statistical models of cyber activity. Third, Bayesian methods for optimal testing in the QMU framework were developed. This completion of this project represent an increased understanding of how to apply and use the QMU process as a means for improving model predictions of the behavior of complex systems. 4

Gray, Genetha Anne; Boggs, Paul T.; Grace, Matthew D.

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Strengthening Factors and Phase Relation in Ni-Cr-W Alloys ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

rium phase diagram were experimenta7YZ.y determined at. 1 000 and 1 100~~. Based on ... bee ct phase was carried out in order to determine the. soZubiZity of

415

Strengthening forensic investigations of child pornography on P2P networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Measurements of the Internet for law enforcement purposes must be forensically valid. We examine the problems inherent in using various network- and application-level identifiers in the context of forensic measurement, as exemplified in the policing ...

Marc Liberatore; Brian Neil Levine; Clay Shields

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Using a personal device to strengthen password authentication from an untrusted computer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Keylogging and phishing attacks can extract user identity and sensitive account information for unauthorized access to users’ financial accounts. Most existing or proposed solutions are vulnerable to session hijacking attacks. We propose a simple approach to counter these attacks, which cryptographically separates a user’s long-term secret input from (typically untrusted) client PCs; a client PC performs most computations but has access only to temporary secrets. The user’s long-term secret (typically short and low-entropy) is input through an independent personal trusted device such as a cellphone. The personal device provides a user’s long-term secrets to a client PC only after encrypting the secrets using a pre-installed, “correct” public key of a remote service (the intended recipient of the secrets). The proposed protocol (MP-Auth) realizes such an approach, and is intended to safeguard passwords from keyloggers, other malware (including rootkits), phishing attacks and pharming, as well as to provide transaction security to foil session hijacking. We report on a prototype implementation of MP-Auth, and provide a comparison of web authentication techniques that use an additional factor of authentication (e.g. a cellphone, PDA or hardware token).

Mohammad Mannan; P. C. van Oorschot

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Summary of Prior Work on Joining of Oxide Dispersion-Strengthened Alloys  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There is a range of joining techniques available for use with ODS alloys, but care should be exercised in matching the technique to the final duty requirements of the joint. The goal for joining ODS alloys is a joint with no local disruption of the distribution of the oxide dispersion, and no significant change in the size and orientation of the alloy microstructure. Not surprisingly, the fusion welding processes typically employed with wrought alloys produce the least satisfactory results with ODS alloys, but some versions, such as fusion spot welding, and the laser and electron-beam welding technologies, have demonstrated potential for producing sound joints. Welds made using solid-state spot welding reportedly have exhibited parent metal properties. Thus, it is possible to employ processes that result in significant disruption of the alloy microstructure, as long as the processing parameters are adjustment to minimize the extent of or influence of the changes in the alloy microstructure. Selection among these joining approaches largely depends on the particular application and component configuration, and an understanding of the relationships among processing, alloy microstructure, and final properties is key. Recent developments have resulted in friction welding evolving to be a prime method for joining ODS sheet products, and variants of brazing/diffusion bonding have shown excellent promise for use with tubes and pipes. The techniques that come closest to the goal defined above involve solid-state diffusion bonding and, in particular, it has been found that secondary recrystallization of joints made by pulsed plasma-assisted diffusion can produce the desired, continuous, large alloy grain structure through the joint. Such joints have exhibited creep rupture failure at >82% of the load needed to fail the monolithic parent alloy at 1000 C.

Wright, Ian G [ORNL; Tatlock, Gordon J [ORNL; Badairy, H. [University of Liverpool; Chen, C-L. [University of Liverpool

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Development of load and resistance factor design for FRP strengthening of reinforced concrete structures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Composite Properties on Wet Layup Based Rehabilitation ofof Composite Properties on Wet Layup Based Rehabilitation of95 Wet Layup

Atadero, Rebecca Anne

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Creep Behavior and Deformation Mechanisms for Nanocluster-Strengthened Ferritic Steels  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mechanically alloyed, nanostructured ferritic steels represent a class of alloys that can display high resistance to radiation and creep deformation, which are derived from the presence of nanoclusters, precipitates and solute segregation to the grain boundaries. The creep responses for a 14YWT nanostructured ferritic steel were measured over a range of temperatures and stress levels. The stress exponent was observed to vary non-linearly with applied stress; stress exponents were found to decrease with decreasing stress approaching unity at low stress. Transmission electron microscopy studies clearly demonstrated that creep deformation proceeds by a dislocation glide within nanoscale grains and that glide dislocations are attracted to and pinned by nanoclusters. In light of these observations, a new model of the creep response, inspired by the Kocks-Argon-Ashby model, is developed to explain the low creep rates and small stress exponents that are exhibited by these alloys.

Brandes, Matthew C [Ohio State University; Kovarik, L. [Ohio State University; Miller, Michael K [ORNL; Daehn, Glenn [Ohio State University; Mills, Michael J. [Ohio State University

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Nanoscale Precipitation-Strengthened Al-Sc-(V,Nb,Ta) Alloys  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

N11: Microbilogically Influenced Corrosion of Pipeline Steels used in Oil & Gas Industry ... N2: Fabrication of Uranium Dispersion Targets for Mo-99 Production ... Numerical Modelling for Characterising the Flammability of Natural Fibre ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inequality strengthening democratic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

New Research Further Strengthens Evidence of the Benefits of the Health Care Safety Net  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mathematica Policy Research. William H. Dow is Professor ofHealth Economics and Evaluation Research Program at the UCLACenter for Health Policy Research and Assistant Professor of

Dow, William H.; Roby, Dylan H. `; Kominski, Gerald; Jacobs, Ken

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Development of load and resistance factor design for FRP strengthening of reinforced concrete structures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

values of the parameters. Human error is the final categoryof uncertainty. Human errors may be divided into routineand gross errors. Gross human errors are likely the most

Atadero, Rebecca Anne

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Strengthening evaluation and implementation by specifying components of behaviour change interventions: a study protocol  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cumulative basic science, there are some fundamental requirements. It’s essential to develop and use common shared tools and a common language, so that replication, and building on solid work, becomes accepted practice and is valued (http... by providing (a) a web-based handbook and resources for skills training (e.g., video recordings of Michie et al. Implementation Science 2011, 6:10 http://www.implementationscience.com/content/6/1/10 Page 6 of 8 simulated interventions) and (b) training...

Michie, Susan; Abraham, Charles; Eccles, Martin P; Francis, Jill J; Hardeman, Wendy; Johnston, Marie

2011-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

424

Phase evolution in carbide dispersion strengthened nanostructured copper composite by high energy ball milling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study, high-energy ball milling was applied to synthesis in situ nanostructured copper based composite reinforced with metal carbides. Cu, M (M=W or Ti) and graphite powder mixture were mechanically alloyed for various milling time in a planetary ball mill with composition of Cu-20vol%WC and Cu-20vol%TiC. Then the as-milled powder were compacted at 200 to 400 MPa and sintered in a vacuum furnace at 900 Degree-Sign C. The results of X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive spectroscopy analysis showed that formation of tungsten carbides (W{sub 2}C and WC phases) was observed after sintering of Cu-W-C mixture while TiC precipitated in as-milled powder of Cu-Ti-C composite after 5 h and become amorphous with longer milling. Mechanism of MA explained the cold welding and fracturing event during milling. Cu-W-C system shows fracturing event is more dominant at early stage of milling and W particle still existed after milling up to 60 h. While in Cu-Ti-C system, cold welding is more dominant and all Ti particles dissolved into Cu matrix.

Hussain, Zuhailawati; Nur Hawadah, M. S. [School of Materials and Mineral Resources Engineering, Engineering Campus, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 14300 Nibong Tebal, Penang (Malaysia)

2012-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

425

Strengthened IAEA Safeguards-Imagery Analysis: Geospatial Tools for Nonproliferation Analysis  

SciTech Connect

This slide presentation focuses on the growing role and importance of imagery analysis for IAEA safeguards applications and how commercial satellite imagery, together with the newly available geospatial tools, can be used to promote 'all-source synergy.' As additional sources of openly available information, satellite imagery in conjunction with the geospatial tools can be used to significantly augment and enhance existing information gathering techniques, procedures, and analyses in the remote detection and assessment of nonproliferation relevant activities, facilities, and programs. Foremost of the geospatial tools are the 'Digital Virtual Globes' (i.e., GoogleEarth, Virtual Earth, etc.) that are far better than previously used simple 2-D plan-view line drawings for visualization of known and suspected facilities of interest which can be critical to: (1) Site familiarization and true geospatial context awareness; (2) Pre-inspection planning; (3) Onsite orientation and navigation; (4) Post-inspection reporting; (5) Site monitoring over time for changes; (6) Verification of states site declarations and for input to State Evaluation reports; and (7) A common basis for discussions among all interested parties (Member States). Additionally, as an 'open-source', such virtual globes can also provide a new, essentially free, means to conduct broad area search for undeclared nuclear sites and activities - either alleged through open source leads; identified on internet BLOGS and WIKI Layers, with input from a 'free' cadre of global browsers and/or by knowledgeable local citizens (a.k.a.: 'crowdsourcing'), that can include ground photos and maps; or by other initiatives based on existing information and in-house country knowledge. They also provide a means to acquire ground photography taken by locals, hobbyists, and tourists of the surrounding locales that can be useful in identifying and discriminating between relevant and non-relevant facilities and their associated infrastructure. The digital globes also provide highly accurate terrain mapping for better geospatial context and allow detailed 3-D perspectives of all sites or areas of interest. 3-D modeling software (i.e., Google's SketchUp6 newly available in 2007) when used in conjunction with these digital globes can significantly enhance individual building characterization and visualization (including interiors), allowing for better assessments including walk-arounds or fly-arounds and perhaps better decision making on multiple levels (e.g., the best placement for International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) video monitoring cameras).

Pabian, Frank V [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

426

High post-irradiation ductility thermomechanical treatment for precipitation strengthened austenitic alloys  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for improving the post-irradiation ductility is described which prises a solution heat treatment following which the materials are cold worked. They are included to demonstrate the beneficial effect of this treatment on the swelling resistance and the ductility of these austenitic precipitation hardenable alloys.

Laidler, James J. (Richland, WA); Borisch, Ronald R. (Kennewick, WA); Korenko, Michael K. (Rockville, MD)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Revitalization of a Steam Lab to Meet Energy Challenge and Strengthen Mechanical Engineering Education  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An 'old' and 'obsolete' boiler system was revitalized and an enhanced Steam Lab was established based on that system. In this project, modifications and improvements were made to the facility, which contains a 150 BHP boiler, condenser, steam turbine and generator, dynamometer, and various other pumps, heat exchangers and fluid lines. The working Steam Lab will provide test-bed capability for local companies with projects requiring a source of team and help the industry to meet the energy challenge by developing their energy-management plans and utilizing various energy sources efficiently and smartly. It will also be incorporated into the mechanical engineering curriculum at the University of Louisiana thereby substantially enhancing UL's mechanical engineering program. This project was sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy (DoE) and the Louisiana Department of Natural Resources (DNR) as a part of the Save Energy Now project.

Kozman, T.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

U.S. Department of Energy and Qatar Sign Agreement to Strengthen...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Power Generation, for example, cost-effective integrated photovoltaic systems and coating technologies to reduce the effect of weather conditions; Energy Storage, including...

429

Strengthening, Crack Arrest And Multiple Cracking In Brittle Materials Using Residual Stresses.  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Embodiments include a method for forming a glass which displays visible cracking prior to failure when subjected to predetermined stress level that is greater than a predetermined minimum stress level and less than a failure stress level. The method includes determining a critical flaw size in the glass and introducing a residual stress profile to the glass so that a plurality of visible cracks are formed prior to failure when the glass is subjected to a stress that is greater than the minimum stress level and lower than the critical stress. One method for forming the residual stress profile includes performing a first ion exchange so that a first plurality of ions of a first element in the glass are exchanged with a second plurality of ions of a second element that have a larger volume than the first ions. A second ion exchange is also performed so that a plurality of the second ions in the glass are exchanged back to ions of the first element.

Green, David J. (State College, PA); Sglavo, Vincenzo M. (Roncegno, IT); Tandon, Rajan (Fremont, CA)

2003-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

430

Strengthening informal supply chains : the case of recycling in Bandung, Indonesia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A large degree of economic activity in developing countries operates unregulated and unreported in what has become known as the informal economy. Within the informal economy, a large number of individuals work in waste ...

Tuori, Michael A. (Michael Aaron)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Investigating Opportunities to Strengthen the Local Food System in South Eastern Michigan.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In 2004, a local food system report, entitled Toward a Sustainable Food System: Assessment and Action Plan for Localization in Washtenaw County, Michigan, was released… (more)

Buck, Karl; Kaminski, Laura; Stockmann, Deirdra

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Strengthened Bounds for the Probability of k-Out-Of-n Events  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sep 12, 2013 ... Abstract: Abstract: Given a set of n random events in a probability space, represented by n Bernoulli variables (not necessarily independent,) ...

433

Strengthened Bounds for the Probability of k-Out-Of-n Events  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aug 17, 2013 ... Given a set of n random events in a probability space, represented by n Bernoulli variables (not necessarily independent,) we consider the.

434

The Strengthening Relationship between ENSO and Northeast Monsoon Rainfall over Sri Lanka and Southern India  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recently, it was reported that the relationship of the Indian southwest monsoon rainfall with El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) has weakened since around 1980. Here, it is reported that in contrast, the relationship between ENSO and the ...

Lareef Zubair; C. F. Ropelewski

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Strengthening the nonproliferation regime : using case studies to determine the potential of multilateral arrangements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The resurgence of global interest in nuclear energy is fueled by growing energy demands, concerns of global warming, and the desire to diversify energy supply. In order for the nuclear renaissance to be safely realized, a ...

Youchak, Paul (Paul M.)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Nanocrystalline alloys : enhanced strengthening mechanisms and mechanically-driven structural evolution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nanocrystalline materials have experienced a great deal of attention in recent years, largely due to their impressive array of physical properties. In particular, nanocrystalline mechanical behavior has been of interest, ...

Rupert, Timothy J. (Timothy John)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Experimental Behaviour of Reinforced Concrete Beams Strengthened with Prestressed CFRP Shear Straps  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.7/39.0 3.60 S - 48.0* 33.1 B5-2s-10l-50p 3 2 10 50 49.7/39.8 2.87 F1 yes (strap 1) 97.7 67.4 B6-1s-5l-50p 3 1 5 50 47.9/38.3 2.87 S1 yes 81.2 56.0 B7-1s-5l-50p-34d 3 1 5 50 43.5/34.7 3.13 S1 yes 75.5 52.0 B8-2s-10l-50p-34d 3 2 10 50 44.0/35.2 3.80 F1 no 96...

Kesse, Gyamera; Lees, Janet M.

2012-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

438

Efficient CFRP Strap Configurations for the Shear Strengthening of Reinforced Concrete T-Beams  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2 – Specimen capacities Specimen fcu, (MPa) Ultimate Shear Force (kN) Percentage Increase versus B1/25 Maximum Mid- span Deflection (mm) Failure Mode B1/25 24.8 88.2 - 15.5 Shear in Concrete B2/45/H/20 19.8 95.4 8.2 15.6 Shear in Concrete...

Hoult, N. A.; Lees, J. M.

2012-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

439

Multi-phase Strengthening Of Alumina-forming, Creep-resistant ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Research sponsored by the U.S. DOE, Office of EERE Industrial Technologies Program, under contract DE-AC05-00OR22725 with UT-Battelle, LLC.

440

Southern Ocean Response to Strengthening Winds in an Eddy-Permitting Global Climate Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A global climate model with horizontal resolutions in the ocean ranging from relatively coarse to eddy permitting is used to investigate the resolution dependence of the Southern Ocean response to poleward intensifying winds through the past and ...

Paul Spence; John C. Fyfe; Alvaro Montenegro; Andrew J. Weaver

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inequality strengthening democratic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Oxide-dispersion-strengthened turbine blades, volume 1. [MA6000 alloy  

SciTech Connect

The objective of Project 4 was to develop a high-temperature, uncooled gas turbine blade using MA6000 alloy. The program objectives were achieved. Production scale up of the MA6000 alloy was achieved with a fair degree of tolerance to nonoptimum processing. The blade manufacturing process was also optimized. The mechanical, environmental, and physical property evaluations of MA6000 were conducted. The ultimate tensile strength, to about 704 C (130 F), is higher than DS MAR-M 247 but with a corresponding lower tensile elongation. Also, above 982 C (180 F) MA6000 tensile strength does not decrease as rapidly as MAR-M 247 because the ODS mechanism still remains active. Based on oxidation resistance and diffusional stability considerations, NiCrAlY coatings are recommended. CoCrAly coating should be applied on top of a thin NiCrAlY coating. Vibration tests, whirlpit tests, and a high-rotor-rig test were conducted to ensure successful completion of the engine test of the MA6000 TFE731 high pressure turbine blades. The results of these tests were acceptable. In production quantities, the cost of the Project 4 MA6000 blade is estimated to be about twice that of a cast DS MAR-M 247 blade.

Millan, P.P. Jr.; Mays, J.C.

1986-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Dispersion Strengthened FeCrAlY Alloys by Flake Powder Processing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

selective reduction as a means of controlling the oxygen content of selected ... from the grinding balls, the attritor restarted and the powder added. This was done.

443

Strengthening America's Energy Security with Offshore Wind (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

This fact sheet describes the current state of the offshore wind industry in the United States and the offshore wind research and development activities conducted the U.S. Department of Energy Wind and Water Power Program.

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Strengthening America's Energy Security with Offshore Wind (Fact Sheet) (Revised)  

SciTech Connect

This fact sheet provides a brief description of offshore wind energy development in the U.S. and DOE's Wind Program offshore wind R&D activities.

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Predator diversity strengthens trophic cascades in kelp forests by modifying herbivore behaviour  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Canuel, E.A. (2003). Grazer diversity effects on ecosystemEcosystem consequences of diversity depend on food chainweb complexity and species diversity. Am. Nat. , 100, 65–76.

Byrnes, J; Stachowicz, J J; Hultgren, K M; Hughes, A R; Olyarnik, S V; Thornber, C S

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

U.S. and EU Unite to Strengthen Economic Integration and Boost...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

and agreed to support innovation in areas such as health-related industries, nanotechnology and automotives. Participants further discussed a range of other critical economic...

447

Secretary Chu Announces Efforts to Strengthen U.S. Electric Transmissi...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

policy and regulatory decisions in the years to come and provide critical information to electricity industry planners, states and others to develop a modernized, low-carbon...

448

On the Epochal Strengthening in the Relationship between Rainfall of East Africa and IOD  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Variability of the equatorial East Africa “short rains” (EASR) has intensified significantly since the turn of the twentieth century. This increase toward more extreme rainfall events has not been gradual but is strongly characterized by epochs. ...

Desmond Manatsa; Swadhin K. Behera

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Strengthening porous metal skeletons by metal deposition from a nanoparticle dispersion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The accuracy of solid freeform fabrication processes such as three-dimensional printing (3DP) and selective laser sintering (SLS) must be improved for them to achieve wide application in direct production of metal parts. ...

Crane, Nathan B., 1974-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

B22: Strengthening of E-glass Fibers by Surface Stress Relaxation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A8: Microstructural Investigation of Nano-Calcium Phosphates Doped with Fluoride Ions .... D7: Surfactant Structure–property Relationship: Effect of Polypropylene ... E4: The Effect of Monobutyl Ether Ethylene Glycol on the Conductivity and ...

451

Science for Energy Technology: Strengthening the Link Between Basic Research and Industry  

SciTech Connect

The nation faces two severe challenges that will determine our prosperity for decades to come: assuring clean, secure, and sustainable energy to power our world, and establishing a new foundation for enduring economic and jobs growth. These challenges are linked: the global demand for clean sustainable energy is an unprecedented economic opportunity for creating jobs and exporting energy technology to the developing and developed world. But achieving the tremendous potential of clean energy technology is not easy. In contrast to traditional fossil fuel-based technologies, clean energy technologies are in their infancy, operating far below their potential, with many scientific and technological challenges to overcome. Industry is ultimately the agent for commercializing clean energy technology and for reestablishing the foundation for our economic and jobs growth. For industry to succeed in these challenges, it must overcome many roadblocks and continuously innovate new generations of renewable, sustainable, and low-carbon energy technologies such as solar energy, carbon sequestration, nuclear energy, electricity delivery and efficiency, solid state lighting, batteries and biofuels. The roadblocks to higher performing clean energy technology are not just challenges of engineering design but are also limited by scientific understanding.Innovation relies on contributions from basic research to bridge major gaps in our understanding of the phenomena that limit efficiency, performance, or lifetime of the materials or chemistries of these sustainable energy technologies. Thus, efforts aimed at understanding the scientific issues behind performance limitations can have a real and immediate impact on cost, reliability, and performance of technology, and ultimately a transformative impact on our economy. With its broad research base and unique scientific user facilities, the DOE Office of Basic Energy Sciences (BES) is ideally positioned to address these needs. BES has laid out a broad view of the basic and grand challenge science needs for the development of future clean energy technologies in a series of comprehensive 'Basic Research Needs' workshops and reports (inside front cover and http://www.sc.doe.gov/bes/reports/list.html) and has structured its programs and launched initiatives to address the challenges. The basic science needs of industry, however, are often more narrowly focused on solving specific nearer-term roadblocks to progress in existing and emerging clean energy technologies. To better define these issues and identify specific barriers to progress, the Basic Energy Sciences Advisory Committee (BESAC) sponsored the Workshop on Science for Energy Technology, January 18-21, 2010. A wide cross-section of scientists and engineers from industry, universities, and national laboratories delineated the basic science Priority Research Directions most urgently needed to address the roadblocks and accelerate the innovation of clean energy technologies. These Priority Research Directions address the scientific understanding underlying performance limitations in existing but still immature technologies. Resolving these performance limitations can dramatically improve the commercial penetration of clean energy technologies. A key conclusion of the Workshop is that in addition to the decadal challenges defined in the 'Basic Research Needs' reports, specific research directions addressing industry roadblocks are ripe for further emphasis. Another key conclusion is that identifying and focusing on specific scientific challenges and translating the results to industry requires more direct feedback and communication and collaboration between industrial and BES-supported scientists. BES-supported scientists need to be better informed of the detailed scientific issues facing industry, and industry more aware of BES capabilities and how to utilize them. An important capability is the suite of BES scientific user facilities, which are seen as playing a key role in advancing the science of clean energy technology.

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Solid solution strengthened duct and cladding alloy D9-B1  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A modified AISI type 316 stainless steel is described for use in an atmosphere where the alloy will be subject to neutron irradiation. The alloy is characterized by its phase stability in both the annealed as well as cold work condition and above all by its superior resistance to radiation induced swelling. Graphical data is included to demonstrate the superior swelling resistance of the alloy which contains from about 0.5% to 2.2% manganese, from about 0.7% to about 1.1% silicon, from about 12.5% to 14% chromium, from about 14.5% to about 16.5% nickel, from about 1.2% to about 1.6% molybdenum, from 0.15% to 0.30% titanium, from 0.02% to 0.08% zirconium, and the balance iron with incidental impurities.

Korenko, Michael K. (Rockville, MD)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Rural Democratization and Decentralization at the State/Society Interface: What Counts as ‘Local’ Government in the Mexican Countryside?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the actual communities – rural and urban, continue to lackin large cities. In rural areas, these sub-municipalMobilization in Contemporary Rural Mexico,’, Unpublished PhD

Fox, Jonathan A

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Freedom and order : how democratic governments abridge civil liberties after terrorist attacks -- and why sometimes they don't  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation is driven by the following question: "What explains the variation in governments' civil liberty-abridging responses to terrorist attacks?" In the United States, it was not until a year after the 1995 ...

Rubin, Gabriel, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Implications of Culture on the Successes and Failures of Democratic Transition in Georgia and Azerbaijan: A Comparative Study.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The objective of this study is to evaluate claims made by some scholars that there is a significant correlation between certain cultural norms of a… (more)

Bryant, Kristen Michelle

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Innovation in Democratic E-Governance: Benefitting from Web 2.0 Applications in the Public Sector  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article provides a brief introduction to Web 2.0 and its gradual adoption in public services and governance. Web 2.0 refers to the second generation of Web-based communities, networks and hosted services, which facilitates interaction between users. ... Keywords: Content Sharing, Government 2.0, Social Networking, Web 2.0, Web 2.0 Application

Ari-Veikko Anttiroiko

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Problems of Democratic Control in European Security and Defense Politics – a View from Peace and Conflict Research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aust, Björn/Schlotter, Peter (Hrsg. ), Demokratien im Krieg.Gleditsch, Nils Petter (Hrsg), Globalization and Armed

Wagner, Wolfgang

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Participatory parks planning : exploring democratic design as a tool to mediate cultural conflict over neighborhood green space  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

America's park history has largely been a story of the commodification and representation of nature, from the idyllic naturescapes of the mid-nineteenth century to the reform parks and playgrounds of the City Beautiful ...

Sherman, Diana R. (Diana Ruth)

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Donors versus dictators : the impact of multilateral aid conditionality on democratization : Kenya and Malawi in comparative context  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Donors versus Dictators examines the "exporting democracy debate" and the related issue of "nation-building" as manifested in the foreign aid relationship in the post-Cold War era. This dissertation centers on two in-depth ...

Clinkenbeard, Steven E., 1958-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Inequality and Institutions in 20th Century America Frank Levy and Peter Temin1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

participants at NBER, the Sloan School Institute for Work and Employment Research and the New America 11, 1962 I. Introduction A central feature of post-World War II America was mass upward mobility the last. The engine of that mobility ­ John Kennedy's rising tide ­ was increased labor productivity

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inequality strengthening democratic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Clique Family Inequalities for the Stable Set Polytope of Quasi-Line ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

First Working Sem., Ohio State Univ., Columbus, Ohio, 1972; dedicated to. Arnold Ross), 214-242. Lecture Notes in Math, vol 411, Springer, Berlin, 1974.

462

Studying Structures of Inequality in Astronomy Through Narrative Analysis and Social Network Visualization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

s Studies at UCLA. Reynal Guillen is a postdoctoral scholarJARITA HOLBROOKS, REYNAL GUILLEN, DIANE GU contents StudyingJARITA HOLBROOKS, REYNAL GUILLEN, DIANE GU L OOKING At the

Murillo, Luis Felipe R.; Traweek, Sharon; HolBrooks, Jarita; Guillen, Reynal; Gu, Diane

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Frequency Dependence of Rotor's Free Falling Acceleration and Inequality of Inertial and Gravity Masses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Results of measurements of free falling acceleration of a closed container with a rotor of a mechanical gyroscope placed inside it on the frequency of the rotor rotation are briefly described. Time of separate accelerations measurements is 40 ms, the period of sampling is from 0.5 up to 1.0 minute. In rotation's frequencies range of 20-400 Hz, the negative changes of free falling container acceleration prevail. On individual frequencies the "resonant" maxima and minima of acceleration are observed. The obtained data apparently contradict the equivalence principle of inertial and gravitating masses. The expediency of development of ballistic gravimetry of high time resolution with use of rotating or oscillating test bodies is noted.

Dmitriev, Alexander L

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Frequency Dependence of Rotor's Free Falling Acceleration and Inequality of Inertial and Gravity Masses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Results of measurements of free falling acceleration of a closed container with a rotor of a mechanical gyroscope placed inside it on the frequency of the rotor rotation are briefly described. Time of separate accelerations measurements is 40 ms, the period of sampling is from 0.5 up to 1.0 minute. In rotation's frequencies range of 20-400 Hz, the negative changes of free falling container acceleration prevail. On individual frequencies the "resonant" maxima and minima of acceleration are observed. The obtained data apparently contradict the equivalence principle of inertial and gravitating masses. The expediency of development of ballistic gravimetry of high time resolution with use of rotating or oscillating test bodies is noted.

Alexander L. Dmitriev

2011-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

465

Lifted Inequalities for 0?1 Mixed-Integer Bilinear Covering Sets?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mar 1, 2011 ... Cambridge University Press, 1988. 1393. [16] I. Harjunkoski, T. Westerlund, R. Porn, and H. Skrifvars. Different transformations for solving non-.

466

The Health & Wellbeing Partnership aims to reduce health inequalities in Nottingham  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

minute. 6. Spread some low fat yoghurt over a tortilla followed by some of the chicken mixture. Fold up www.getmovingnottingham.nhs.uk #12;Ingredients · 2 dessertspoons vegetable oil · 4 skinless chicken low fat yoghurt (optional) What to do 1. Heat the oil in a large pan, add the onion and garlic

Li, Jingpeng

467

Tribes and the Formation of Social Inequality : : a Case Study from Central Jordan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

riots contained via tribal mediation. In Jordan Times.jordantimes.com. Amman, Jordan. Baines, John, and NormanKhirbat Dubab in the Wadi Hasa, Jordan: the Pottery. Levant.

Vincent, Matthew L.

468

A look at the Spatial Inequality in Pakistan:Case study of District Sargodha  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Organization, Government of Pakistan. National EducationBureau of Statistics, Government of Pakistan. PopulationOrganization, Government of Pakistan. Appendix A: Official

Ali Asjad Naqvi, Syed

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Facet defining inequalities among graph invariants: The system GraPHedron  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a new computer system, called GraPHedron, which uses a polyhedral approach to help the user to discover optimal conjectures in graph theory. We define what should be optimal conjectures and propose a formal framework allowing to identify them. ... Keywords: Computer-assisted system, Conjecture, GraPHedron, Graph

Hadrien Mélot

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Remedying Racial and Ethnic Inequality in California Politics: Watsonville Before and After District Elections  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

elections, both of which havc been insu-urncntal in the p ogovernment that minorities havc made in three decades; theyAccording to this view, Latinos havc no hiscory of racial

Takash, Paule Cruz

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Inter-Regional Variations in the Inequality and Poverty in Bhutan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lhuntshe Gangzur, Khoma, Phasidung, Budur and Chokhor Pemagatshel Pemagatshel Bartsheri, Moshizor, Dungjung, Shumar, Gopini, Bangdala, Kheri Goenpa, Lower and upper Gypsem. Samdrup- Jongkhar Samdrup Jongkhar Devathang, Lamsarang, Wooling...

Mehta, Sanjeev

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Introduction: what’s new about gender inequalities in the 21st century?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.9 65.0 64.3 69.7 4.3 Norway 26.1 58.4 73.4 88.1 13.4 Sweden 38.1 67.6 72.1 76.2 12.1 Anglo- Saxon UK 43.1 54.5 65.2 79.3 5.2 Mediterranean Greece 30.7 40.4 70.2 ?19.6 Italy 28.1 33.2 39.7 68.5 ?20.3 Spain 21.0 28.4 40.3 70.3 ?19.7 Rest of Europe Austria...

Scott, Jacqueline; Crompton, Rosemary; Lyonette, Clare

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Effects of housing policies on intra-urban inequality in transitioning China  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the People's Republic of China, housing reform was launched in the 1980s as a component of the overall economic reform. In the 1990s, housing policies, privatization and subsidies combined, were found to contribute to ...

Xu, Yi, M.C.P. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Growth and poverty in the urban fringe : decentralization, dispersion, and inequality in greater Buenos Aires  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This research presents the case of growth in Buenos Aires since the late 1970s, when the decentralization of urban planning powers in the Province of Buenos Aires began, until 2001, when an economic crisis submerged -even ...

Libertun de Duren, Nora R

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Strengthening Americas Energy Security with Offshore Wind (Fact Sheet) (Revised), Wind And Water Power Program (WWPP)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

crane mounted on a barge designed for offshore crane mounted on a barge designed for offshore wind turbine installation lifts a rotor into place. Photo courtesy of © DOTI 2009-alpha ventus Offshore wind energy is a clean, domestic, renewable resource that can help the United States meet its critical energy, environmental, and economic challenges. By generating electricity from offshore wind turbines, the nation can reduce its greenhouse gas emissions, diversify its energy supply, provide cost-competitive electricity to key coastal regions, and help revitalize key sectors of its economy, including manufacturing. However, realizing these benefits will require overcoming key barriers to the development and deployment of offshore wind technology, including its relatively high cost of energy, technical challenges surrounding installation and

476

Department of Energy Announces more than $18 Million to Strengthen Nuclear Education at U.S. Universities and Colleges  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Awards $5 million for 117 scholarships and fellowships, and $13.2 million for infrastructure upgrades for university nuclear programs.

477

Department of Energy Announces more than $18 Million to Strengthen Nuclear Education at U.S. Universities and Colleges  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Awards $5 million for 117 scholarships and fellowships, and $13.2 million for infrastructure upgrades for university nuclear programs

478

Tensile mechanical properties and strengthening mechanism of hybrid carbon nanotube and silicon carbide nanoparticle-reinforced magnesium alloy composites  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

AZ91 magnesium alloy hybrid composites reinforced with different hybrid ratios of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and silicon carbide (SiC) nanoparticulates were fabricated by semisolid stirring assisted ultrasonic cavitation. The results showed that grains ...

Xia Zhou; Depeng Su; Chengwei Wu; Liming Liu

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Advanced gas atomization production of oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) Ni-base superalloys through process and solidification control.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A novel gas atomization reaction synthesis (GARS) method was utilized to produce precursor Ni-Cr-Y-Ti powder with a surface oxide and an internal rare earth (RE)-containing… (more)

Meyer, John

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Characteristics of Summer Airflow over the Antarctic Peninsula in Response to Recent Strengthening of Westerly Circumpolar Winds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Summer near-surface temperatures over the northeast coast of the Antarctic Peninsula have increased by more than 2°C over the past 40 years, a temperature increase 3 times greater than that on the northwest coast. Recent analysis has shown a ...

Andrew Orr; Gareth J. Marshall; Julian C. R. Hunt; Joel Sommeria; Chang-Gui Wang; Nicole P. M. van Lipzig; Doug Cresswell; John C. King

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inequality strengthening democratic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Harnessing the Department of Energy’s High-Performance Computing Expertise to Strengthen the U.S. Chemical Enterprise  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

High-performance computing (HPC) is one area where the DOE has developed extensive expertise and capability. However, this expertise currently is not properly shared with or used by the private sector to speed product development, enable industry to move rapidly into new areas, and improve product quality. Such use would lead to substantial competitive advantages in global markets and yield important economic returns for the United States. To stimulate the dissemination of DOE's HPC expertise, the Council for Chemical Research (CCR) and the DOE jointly held a workshop on this topic. Four important energy topic areas were chosen as the focus of the meeting: Biomass/Bioenergy, Catalytic Materials, Energy Storage, and Photovoltaics. Academic, industrial, and government experts in these topic areas participated in the workshop to identify industry needs, evaluate the current state of expertise, offer proposed actions and strategies, and forecast the expected benefits of implementing those strategies.

Dixon, David A.; Dupuis, Michel; Garrett, Bruce C.; Neaton, Jeffrey B.; Plata, Charity; Tarr, Matthew A.; Tomb, Jean-Francois; Golab, Joseph T.

2012-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

482

The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, TB and Malaria & Health Systems Strengthening: An Organizational and Policy Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Development Office of the Inspector General President’sstructures, there is an Office of the Inspector General.mission of the Office of the Inspector General is to provide

Weber, Stephanie Elise

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Solution of thin film magnetization problems in type-II superconductivity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Keywords: critical current, numerical solution, superconductivity, thin film, variational inequality

Leonid Prigozhin

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

A Reflection and Prospectus on Globalization and Higher Education: CSHE@50  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ed) Social Science and Higher Education, Martin Trow, "The Democratization of Higher Education in America." TheDemocratization of Higher Education in America, New York:

King, C. Judson; Douglass, John Aubrey

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Cycles of Electoral Democracy in Latin America, 1900-2000  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Paraguay Peru Uruguay Venezuela non-democratic democratic1946), Brazil (1946), Venezuela (1946), and Ecuador (1948)—Colombia, Costa Rica, Venezuela, and the Dominican Republic.

Smith, Peter

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Effect of daily versus weekly home fortification with multiple micronutrient powder on haemoglobin concentration of young children in a rural area, Lao People's Democratic Republic: a randomised trial  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

session before the initiation of the study. The benefits, adverse side effects, usage of the MMP supple- ment (food demonstration), MMP supplement nutrition education and instructions on follow-up using the moni- toring form were all explained. The VHVs... the analyses were car- ried out for all subjects and separately for the children who were anaemic at baseline. Values of p <0.05 were considered to be significant for all tests. Kounnavong et al. Nutrition Journal 2011, 10:129 http...

Kounnavong, Sengchanh; Sunahara, Toshihiko; Mascie-Taylor, Nicholas CG; Hashizume, Masahiro; Okumura, Junko; Moji, Kazuhiko; Boupha, Boungnong; Yamamoto, Taro

2011-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

487

Living With Fear: A Population-Based Survey on Attitudes about Peace, Justice, and Social Reconstruction in Eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LIVING WITH FE A R table 29: truth-seeking mechanisms Northof Congo table 30: participation in truth-seeking mechanismestablishing the truth (20%). LIVING WITH FE A R table 15:

Vinck, Patrick; Pham, Phuong; Baldo, Suliman; Shigekane, Rachel

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Decentralization and Health Care Inequality: A Geographical Approach to the Study of HIV & AIDS Mitigation in Kenya.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The 1980’s and 1990’s were characterized by considerable debate on decentralization in the developing world. While advocates argued that decentralization would bring government, and therefore… (more)

Nyangau, Josiah Z.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Non-Standard Education Trajectories and Education Inequality: Do They Increase Equality? Evidence from Socialist Central and Eastern Europe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

13: 798- 817. Kreidl, Martin. 2004. „Politics and Secondary20: 123- 139. Kreidl, Martin. 2005a „ Educating Communistccpr_055_05.pdf) Kreidl, Martin. 2005b. „Education Delayed

Kreidl, Martin

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Spectral inequalities for non-selfadjoint elliptic operators and application to the null-controllability of parabolic systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-controllability of parabolic systems Matthieu L´eautaud November, 2009 Abstract We consider elliptic operators A on a bounded the construction of a control for the non-selfadjoint parabolic problem tu + Au = Bg. In particular, the L2 norm are provided for systems of weakly coupled parabolic equations and for the measurement of the level sets

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

491

Scrapnote on Morse Inequalities Let h be h-vector of a (convex) simple flag polytope. The conjectures of Januszkiewicz  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

+···+xn) dx1 · · · dxn = f(s1, s2, . . . , sn)n e-sn 1Sds1 · · · dsn, par le changement de variables (x1

Gal, Swiatoslaw R.

492

Immigration, inequality, and the state : three essays on the employment of foreign nationals in the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation examines how U.S. immigration policies, as implemented by government agents, shape migration and key employment outcomes of foreign nationals. Using unique quantitative and qualitative data, never previously ...

Rissing, Ben A. (Ben Arthur)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Assessment of FRP composite strengthened reinforced concrete bridge structures at the component and systems level through progressive damage and Non-Destructive Evaluation (NDE)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Characterization of Wet Layup Graphite/Epoxy Composites useda) Specimen S2 with wet layup fabric (b) Specimen S3 withlaminates impregnated using wet layup were used as external

Ghosh, Kumar Kanti

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Planning Information for Science Majors While a degree in the Arts and Sciences cultivates general knowledge and strengthens intellectual skills, a major  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MAJORS Biochemistry (BS) R R R R R Biological Sciences (BA) S R R S A S R Biological Sciences (BS) S R R (BS) * Geological Sciences (BA) S * S S S Geological Sciences (BS) R * S R Mathematical Sciences (BA) R Mathematical Sciences (BS) R Physics (BA) R R Physics (BS) R R R Psychobiology (BS) S R S S R

Suzuki, Masatsugu

495

Strengthening the Nigerian Sovereign Investment Authority: A Policy Analysis of the Nigerian Excess Crude Account and the Nigerian Sovereign Investment Authority Act  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reserve Oil Saudi Arabia SAMA Foreign n/a Stabilization*both the oil budget reference price and the Foreign Excesss oil exports brings in a large inflow of foreign currency.

Ugwuibe, Cynthia

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Part I. An investigation of shock strengthening in a conical, convergent channel. Part II. Spectroscopic investigation of strong shockwaves in a conical, convergent channel.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??NOTE: Text or symbols not renderable in plain ASCII are indicated by [...]. Abstract is included in .pdf document. ABSTRACT OF PART I: The behavior… (more)

Storm, Erik

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Assessment of FRP composite strengthened reinforced concrete bridge structures at the component and systems level through progressive damage and Non-Destructive Evaluation (NDE)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Concrete Floor Slabs by Carbon Fiber Textiles,” Compositeof R/C Beams with Carbon Fiber Sheets,” ASCE Journal ofBeam-Column Joints Using Carbon Fiber- Reinforced Polymers,”

Ghosh, Kumar Kanti

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Strengthening the Nigerian Sovereign Investment Authority: A Policy Analysis of the Nigerian Excess Crude Account and the Nigerian Sovereign Investment Authority Act  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

projected revenue from non-oil sources up to 2.5 percent ofProfile of Oil and Gas: Nigeria Source: 2010 IMF Article IVSavings* Oil and other Constitutional sources Budget Reserve

Ugwuibe, Cynthia

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Assessment of FRP composite strengthened reinforced concrete bridge structures at the component and systems level through progressive damage and Non-Destructive Evaluation (NDE)  

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of the strain profiles near the load area and subsequentlyThe thermal intensity profiles at each load level were thenfor each load level and these profiles from subsequent load

Ghosh, Kumar Kanti

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Assessment of FRP composite strengthened reinforced concrete bridge structures at the component and systems level through progressive damage and Non-Destructive Evaluation (NDE)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

through the failure of a “weak link” in the unstrengthenedapproach to the next weak link of the system that willlocalized in the next weak link of the slab-girder system at

Ghosh, Kumar Kanti

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z