The Representational Sources of Political Inequality
Hayes, Thomas J.
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Barro, Robert J. 2000. “Inequality and Growth in a Panel ofand the Generation of Inequality. Oxford: Clarendon Press.Martin. 2005. “Inequality and Democratic Responsiveness. ”
2007-01-08T23:59:59.000Z
CHAPTER 2. Inequalities. In this section we add the axioms describe the behavior of inequal- ities (the order axioms) to the list of axioms begun in Chapter 1.
Manage the Margins: Three Essays on Effective Policymaking for Social Inequality in Health
Zhu, Ling
2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z
This dissertation includes three studies, devoted to trying to understand inequality in health between people from different social groups in a democratic society. In the U.S., social inequality in health takes various forms and the key...
Democratic Quality in Stable Democracies
Lijphart, Arend
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
MEASURING DEMOCRACY Democratic Quality in Stable Democraciesto measure democratic quality in terms of the purpose of1971). Measuring the quality of democracy requires two prior
Dmitry Zhuridov
2014-05-21T23:59:59.000Z
New theory of neutrino masses and mixing is introduced. This theory is based on a simple S_3 symmetric democratic neutrino mass matrix, and predicts the neutrino mass spectrum of normal ordering. Taking into account the matter effect and proper averaging of the oscillations, this theory agrees with the variety of atmospheric, solar and accelerator neutrino data. Moreover, the absolute scale of the neutrino masses m of 0.03 eV is determined in this theory, using the atmospheric neutrino oscillation data. In case of tiny perturbations in the democratic mass matrix only one this scale parameter m allows to explain the mentioned above neutrino results, and the theory has huge predictive power.
Inequality and Equity, Overview
Appelbaum, Richard P.
2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
political science urban inequality as a result of economicU, architecture and ICT and inequality; housing, urban andcrime U UCSB geography GIS UCSB sociology urban inequality
Tusnady's inequality revisited
Carter, Andrew V; Pollard, David
2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
32 111–131. TUSNÁDY’S INEQUALITY REVISITED M AJOR , P. (Statistics, 2004 TUSNÁDY’S INEQUALITY REVISITED B Y A NDREWYale University Tusnády’s inequality is the key ingredient
Light Rail Transit Strengthening
Minnesota, University of
Light Rail Transit Improving mobility Easing congestion Strengthening our communities Central Corridor Communicating to the Public During Major Construction May 25, 2011 #12;2 Light Rail Transit;Light Rail Transit Central Corridor Route and Stations 3 · 18 new stations · 9.8 miles of new double
Dispersion strengthened copper
Sheinberg, H.; Meek, T.T.; Blake, R.D.
1990-01-09T23:59:59.000Z
A composition of matter is described which is comprised of copper and particles which are dispersed throughout the copper, where the particles are comprised of copper oxide and copper having a coating of copper oxide. A method for making this composition of matter is also described. This invention relates to the art of powder metallurgy and, more particularly, it relates to dispersion strengthened metals.
Inequality, Coalitions and Collective Action
Bardhan, Pranab; Singh, Nirvikar
2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Paper No. E04-339 Inequality, Coalitions and CollectiveSanta Cruz Keywords: inequality, self-enforcing, collectivecoalitions) and underlying inequality in the distribution of
Inequality, Coalitions and Collective Action
Bardhan, Pranab; Singh, Nirvikar
2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Inequality, Coalitions and Collective Action Pranab K.coalitions) and underlying inequality in the distribution ofO10, P0 Key Words: inequality, self-enforcing, collective
Peru-GEF Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions in the Energy...
of regional and global partners." Program Focus The program will focus on reducing poverty and inequality, strengthening democratic governance, increasing disaster preparedness...
Dominican Republic-Regional Programme for LAC: Support for the...
of regional and global partners." Program Focus The program will focus on reducing poverty and inequality, strengthening democratic governance, increasing disaster preparedness...
Costa Rica-Regional Programme for LAC: Preparation of Sectoral...
of regional and global partners." Program Focus The program will focus on reducing poverty and inequality, strengthening democratic governance, increasing disaster preparedness...
Mitroi, F C
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The aim of this paper is to present some new Fejer-type results for convex functions. Improvements of Young's inequality (the arithmetic-geometric mean inequality) and other applications to special means are pointed as well.
Democracy, Redistribution and Inequality
Acemoglu, Daron
2013-10-30T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper we revisit the relationship between democracy, redistribution and inequality. We first explain the theoretical reasons why democracy is expected to increase redistribution and reduce inequality, and why this ...
Neutrino mass matrices with a democratic texture
Kleppe, A. [Dep. of Mathematical Physics, LTH, Box 118, 22100 Lund (Sweden)
1997-06-15T23:59:59.000Z
The structure of the neutrino mass matrices is investigated, in a scheme where the minimal three-family Standard Model is extended by including right-handed neutrinos. No assumption is made about the presence of a large mass scale, like in the see-saw scheme. Certain peculiar features of the usual democratic mass matrix are investigated, and used to define matrices with a 'democratic texture'. By demanding that the neutrino mass matrices have a specific form with such a democratic texture, Majorana mass spectra with three massless (light) neutrinos and either two or three massive neutrinos, are obtained.
Strengthening Relationships Between Energy Programs and Housing...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Strengthening Relationships Between Energy Programs and Housing Programs Strengthening Relationships Between Energy Programs and Housing Programs Better Buildings Residential...
Executive Order 13423- Strengthening Federal Environmental, Energy...
423- Strengthening Federal Environmental, Energy, and Transportation Management Executive Order 13423- Strengthening Federal Environmental, Energy, and Transportation Management It...
Chebotarev, Pavel
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
For a weighted multidigraph, let $f_{ij}$ be the total weight of spanning converging forests that have vertex $i$ in a tree converging to $j$. We prove that $f_{ij}f_{jk}=f_{ik}f_{jj}$ if and only if every directed path from $i$ to $k$ contains $j$ (a graph bottleneck equality). Otherwise, $f_{ij}f_{jk}inequality). In a companion paper, this inequality provides the foundation for the construction of a new family of graph distances by ensuring the fulfillment of the triangle inequality. This stems from the fact that the graph bottleneck inequality is a multiplicative analogue of the triangle inequality for proximities.
Beyond Ethnicity: African Protests in an Age of Inequality
Mueller, Lisa
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Tolerance for Inequality . . . . . . . . . . . CollectiveInequality inDoes Inequality Cause Conflict in
Florida Democrats point fingers at Gov. Scott, GOP lawmakers
Belogay, Eugene A.
Florida Democrats point fingers at Gov. Scott, GOP lawmakers By GEORGE BENNETT Palm Beach Post Staff Writer Updated: 4:56 p.m. Saturday, Oct. 29, 2011 Posted: 4:37 p.m. Saturday, Oct. 29, 2011 from Democrats about Rick Scott, George W. Bush and the tea party next year. At the Florida Democratic
Clive Emary; Neill Lambert; Franco Nori
2014-01-30T23:59:59.000Z
In contrast to the spatial Bell's inequalities, which probe entanglement between spatially-separated systems, the Leggett-Garg inequalities test the correlations of a single system measured at different times. Violation of a genuine Leggett-Garg test implies either the absence of a realistic description of the system or the impossibility of measuring the system without disturbing it. Quantum mechanics violates the inequalities on both accounts and the original motivation for these inequalities was as a test for quantum coherence in macroscopic systems. The last few years has seen a number of experimental tests and violations of these inequalities in a variety of microscopic systems such as superconducting qubits, nuclear spins, and photons. In this article, we provide an introduction to the Leggett-Garg inequalities and review these latest experimental developments. We discuss important topics such as the significance of the non-invasive measurability assumption, the clumsiness loophole, and the role of weak measurements. Also covered are some recent theoretical proposals for the application of Leggett-Garg inequalities in quantum transport, quantum biology and nano-mechanical systems.
Review: Eating Together: Food, Friendship, and Inequality
Laberge, Yves
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Food, Friendship, and Inequality By Alice P. Julier ReviewedFood, Friendship, and Inequality. Champaign, IL: UniversityFood, Friendship, and Inequality, sociologist Alice P.
Mapping global health inequalities: challenges and opportunities
Tugwell, Peter; Robinson, Vivian; Morris, Erin
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
M.P. (2004). Health Inequalities: Concepts, Frameworks anddevelopment goal affect inequalities between the poorest andestablishments and health inequalities in England: modeling
Enduring Legacy? Charles Tilly and Durable Inequality
Voss, Kim
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Charles Tilly’s durable inequality. Comparative Studies inThe relational basis of inequality: generic and contingentA. , & Voss, K. (1996). Inequality by design: Cracking the
The State and income inequality in Brazil
Medeiros, Marcelo; Souza, Pedro H.G.F.
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
J. Welfare states and inequality: Institutional designs andMexico: Impacts upon Inequality. Estudios Económicos. 2009;S. Remittances and Inequality. The Economic The State and
A Rearrangement Inequality for Diffusion Processes /
Gao, Teng
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
of the Rearrangement Inequality and its Proba- bilisticRearrangement Inequality . . . . . . 4.5 Some ObservationsSAN DIEGO A Rearrangement Inequality for Diffusion Processes
Inequality and Equity, Introduction and Position Papers
Center for Spatially Integrated Social Science, UCSB
2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
theories of poverty and inequality.Space has been a coredescriptions of inequality, dissimilarity, segregation, orSpecialist Meeting on Inequality and Equity Santa Barbara,
Income inequality, tax base and sovereign spreads
Aizenman, Joshua; Jinjarak, Yothin
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
R. Tiongson, 2006, “Income inequality and redistributive2011, “Pre-industrial inequality,” Economic Journal, 121:255-272. Table 1: Income Inequality and Fiscal Space. This
Visualizing Global Inequality on the Web
Meyers, Ian; Lodha, S K; Crow, Ben D; Fulfrost, Brian
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
on Mapping Global Inequality, University of California,Visualizing Global Inequality on the Web Ian Myers 1 ,for mapping global inequality by (i) creating a simple user
Income inequality, tax base and sovereign spreads
Aizenman, Joshua; Jinjarak, Yothin
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
R. Tiongson, 2006, “Income inequality and redistributive2009), “Chapter 6: Inequality Measures,” in Handbookon Poverty and Inequality, pp. 101-120, published by World
Inequality and Growth: Why Differential Fertility Matters
de la Croix, David; Doepke, Matthias
2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Barro, Robert J. 2000. “Inequality and Growth in a Panel of1–25. Benabou, Roland. 1996. “Inequality and Growth. ” NBER1996. “Measuring Income Inequality: A New Database. ”
Earth Matter Effect on Democratic Neutrinos
Dmitry Zhuridov
2014-08-30T23:59:59.000Z
The neutrino propagation through the Earth is investigated in the framework of the democratic neutrino theory. In this theory the neutrino mixing angle theta-1-3 is approximately determined, which allows one to make a well defined neutrino oscillogram driven by the 1-3 mixing in the matter of the Earth. Significant differences in this oscillogram from the case of models with relatively small theta-1-3 are discussed.
Background Report on Eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo
Warren, Tracy A [ORNL
2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z
Each month, approximately 45,000 people die from violence, hunger, disease, and other effects of displacement as a result of war in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). The country is often said to be plagued by a 'resource curse.' During each period in history since its discovery by the West, the DRC has possessed the resources the world craves and the world has sought these without regard for the consequences to the Congolese people. The catastrophic consequences of Congo's history of natural resource exploitation are the direct and indirect death of millions of Congolese people. The current war in Congo is multi-causal in nature but explanations are often reduced to describing it as an ethic conflict based on objective grievance. Objective grievance such as inequality, ethnic tensions, land disputes, and lack of democracy do exist, but they are neither necessary nor sufficient to explain the cause of the violent conflict, and more importantly, they fall short in explaining why this conflict has continued for years. The reality is the conflict is an economic war in which the trade of conflict minerals, gold and the 3Ts (tin, tantalum, tungsten), is directly linked to the financial sustainability of the groups fighting each other in eastern DRC. Objective grievance is a by-product of the conflict, used to create a false but plausible moral justification to continue violence. This paper examines the history of conflict in the DRC and the socio-economic variables contributing to the current war fought over conflict minerals.
Sobolev, Poincaré and isoperimetric inequalities for subelliptic ...
Bumsik Kim This is based on a joint work by F. Baudoin and B. Kim
2013-04-23T23:59:59.000Z
?1 >. Sobolev, Poincaré and isoperimetric inequalities for subelliptic diffusion operators satisfying a generalized curvature dimension inequality. Bumsik Kim.
Epstein-Corbin, Sean
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Evasion of Philosophy: A Genealogy of Pragmatism. Madison,Democratizing Virtue: A Genealogy of the Liberal SubjectDemocratizing Virtue: A Genealogy of the Liberal Subject
Negotiation and deliberation in Mexico's democratization process : six cases of legal reform
Hernandez, Mara I. (Mara Isabel Hernandez Estrada)
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This dissertation identifies political practices that increase negotiation effectiveness and democratic legitimacy simultaneously, as key enabling factors for democratization from within a hybrid regime. This finding runs ...
BLEI'S INEQUALITY AND COORDINATEWISE MULTIPLE SUMMING OPERATORS
Sinnamon, Gordon J.
BLEI'S INEQUALITY AND COORDINATEWISE MULTIPLE SUMMING OPERATORS DUMITRU POPA AND GORD SINNAMON are proved. When specialized to single-function inequalities they include a pair of inequalities due to Blei and a recent extension of Blei's inequality. The first of these inequalities is applied to give explicit
27 The Strategic Significance of Global InequalityThe Strategic Significance of Global InequalityThe Strategic Significance of Global InequalityThe Strategic Significance of Global InequalityThe Strategic
Remarks on the Obrechkoff inequality
Remarks on the Obrechkoff inequality. Alexandre Eremenko? and Alexander Fryntov. January 25, 2015. Abstract. Let u be the logarithmic potential of a ...
Executive Order 13423: Strengthening Federal Environmental, Energy...
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
text of Executive Order 13423: Strengthening Federal Environmental, Energy, and Transportation Management. eo13423.pdf More Documents & Publications Executive Order 13423-...
Normal Scalar Curvature Inequalities Normal Scalar Curvature
Lu, Zhiqin
Scalar Curvature Inequalities Introduction In 1999, De Smet, Dillen, Verstraelen and Vrancken (DDVV, F. Dillen, L. Verstraelen, and L. Vrancken, A pointwise inequality in submanifold theory, Arch. Math
WEIGHTED NORM INEQUALITIES FOR FRACTIONAL MAXIMAL ...
2013-11-19T23:59:59.000Z
establish a slightly stronger version of this inequality with the use of a novel extension of ... we obtain the sharp inequality of Lacey, Moen, Pérez and Torres. 1.
On extremizers for adjoint Fourier restriction inequalities and a result in incidence geometry
Quilodran, Rene
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
inequalities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.6 Arestriction inequality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.4Fourier restriction inequality . . . . . . . . . . 1.3 The
A Virtuous Cycle: Tracing Democratic Quality through Equality
Ross, Ashley Dyan
2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z
This dissertation asks the question: How do democracies improve in quality? Building on previous scholarship, the author offers a theoretical framework that traces democratic quality through equality of outcomes. The ...
Economic Growth and Inequality: Drawing the
von der Heydt, Rüdiger
and policies in later sessions #12;Economic Growth and Inequality: The Famous Kuznets Curve #12;Income Inequality #12;The New Kuznets Curve #12;Income Inequality #12;From Income Inequality to Health #12;Percent the Channels) #12;Kuznets Curves for Socially Determined Health Outcomes David Bishai, MD,MPH, PhD Professor
INEQUALITIES FOR LORENTZ POLYNOMIALS Tamas Erdelyi
ErdÃ©lyi, TamÃ¡s
-type inequality" usually means a pointwise estimate for the derivative. Markov- and Bernstein- type inequalitiies
Hispanic Poverty and Inequality Grant Competition Stanford Center on Poverty and Inequality
Li, Fei-Fei
Hispanic Poverty and Inequality Grant Competition Stanford Center on Poverty and Inequality Request for Proposals The Stanford Center on Poverty and Inequality (CPI), a National Poverty Research Center funded by the Office
Finance and Labor: Perspectives on Risk, Inequality, and Democracy
Jacoby, Sanford
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Thomas Piketty, “Income Inequality in France,1901- 1998”how growth is hampered by inequality. George Clarke etal. , “Finance and Income Inequality: What Do the Data Tell
Income Inequality and Mortality: The Costa RIcan Case
Modrek, Sepideh
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The Afflictions of Inequality. London: Routledge. Wilkinson,K. E. (2006). Income inequality and population health: AJ. (2005). Neighbourhood inequality, neighbourhood affluence
Income Inequality and Population Health in Geographic Perspective
Shin, Michael E.
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
S. (2004). Health and Inequality London: Sage Deininger,set measuring income inequality. World Bank Economic Review,Mortality and income inequality among economically developed
Hypoelliptic heat kernel inequalities on H-type groups
Eldredge, Nathaniel Gilbert Bartsch
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Hypoelliptic heat kernel inequalities on the HeisenbergHypoelliptic heat kernel inequalities on Lie groups. PhDHypoelliptic heat kernel inequalities on H-type groups A
On a concentration inequality for sums of independent isotropic vectors
Cranston, Michael Craig; Molchanov, Stanislav Alekseevich
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Hoeffding. Probability inequalities for sums of boundedMarek Kanter. Probability inequalities for convex sets andOn a concentration inequality for sums of independent
Inequality in Political Participation: Contemporary Patterns in European Countries
Gallego, Aina
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Journal of Economic Inequality, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 51-65.Rising Political Inequality in Established Democracies:M. (2005). "Shifting Inequalities? Patterns of Exclusion and
International labour migration and reproduction of inequalities: The Latinoamerican Case
Julca, Alex
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
featart/nov2007/Global_Inequality.pdf Inter-AmericanK. 2007. Global inequality and global macroeconomics, inIADB) 1998. “Labor Income Inequality and Education,” Facing
Trade unions, inequality, and democracy in the US and Mexico
Tilly, Chris
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
1993. Uneven Tides: Rising Inequality in America, New York:2003. Unions and wage inequality in Mexico. ” Industrial andBruce. 2006. Punishment and Inequality in America. New York:
Conjectured inequality for subharmonic functions
2015-04-04T23:59:59.000Z
Conjectured inequality for subharmonic functions. A. Eremenko. April 4, 2015. Let u1,u2,u3 be three subharmonic functions in the plane, and uj(0) = 0, 1 ? j ? 3 ...
BURKHOLDER INEQUALITIES FOR SUBMARTINGALES, BESSEL ...
2011-11-20T23:59:59.000Z
The inequality for conformal martingales, which has its roots on the study of the Lp norms of the Beurling-Ahlfors sin- gular integral operator [8], extends a recent
DOE GC Joins Customs Service Trade Data System to Strengthen...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
GC Joins Customs Service Trade Data System to Strengthen Enforcement Effort DOE GC Joins Customs Service Trade Data System to Strengthen Enforcement Effort February 14, 2011 -...
The FY 2008 Budget Request - Twenty in Ten: Strengthening America...
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
8 Budget Request - Twenty in Ten: Strengthening America's Energy Security The FY 2008 Budget Request - Twenty in Ten: Strengthening America's Energy Security DOE's Office of Energy...
Battaglia, Adria
2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z
Democratic Convention. Specifically, the focus is on the rhetorical discourse presented by the members of the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party, Fannie Lou Hamer in particular, at the Credentials Committee two days before the onset of the actual Convention...
Anti-Abortion Democrats, Jimmy Carter Republicans, and the Missing Leap Day Babies
Gelman, Andrew
#12;#12;#12;#12;Anti-Abortion Democrats, Jimmy Carter Republicans, and the Missing Leap Day Babies;#12;#12;#12;#12;Jimmy Carter Republicans and George W. Bush Democrats #12;#12;#12;#12;Birthdays: The beginning #12
carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) materials for strengthening typical steel-concrete composite FOR STRENGTHENING OF STEEL-CONCRETE COMPOSITE BEAMS WITH HIGH MODULUS CFRP MATERIALS David Schnerch Wiss, Janney of the required geometric configuration and material properties of the composite materials. The design procedure
Quantum marginal inequalities and the conjectured entropic inequalities
Lin Zhang; Hongjin He; Yuan-hong Tao
2015-03-30T23:59:59.000Z
A conjecture -- \\emph{the modified super-additivity inequality} of relative entropy -- was proposed in \\cite{Zhang2012}: There exist three unitary operators $U_A\\in \\unitary{\\cH_A},U_B\\in \\unitary{\\cH_B}$, and $U_{AB}\\in \\unitary{\\cH_A\\ot \\cH_B}$ such that $$ \\rS(U_{AB}\\rho_{AB}U^\\dagger_{AB}||\\sigma_{AB}) \\geqslant \\rS(U_A\\rho_AU^\\dagger_A||\\sigma_A) + \\rS(U_B\\rho_BU^\\dagger_B||\\sigma_B), $$ where the reference state $\\sigma$ is required to be full-ranked. A numerical study on the conjectured inequality is conducted in this note. The results obtained indicate that the modified super-additivity inequality of relative entropy seems to hold for all qubit pairs.
Pro-Trade Democrats Go AWOL (NYT) 639 words
Lopez-Carr, David
Pro-Trade Democrats Go AWOL (NYT) 639 words Published: June 13, 2005 Back in 1993, Vice President Al Gore went on prime-time television to debate Ross Perot, a foe of free trade, in a clash Mr. Gore is widely believed to have won. The debate helped propel supporters of the North American Free Trade
Bridging the Divide in Democratic Engagement: Studying Conversation Patterns in
Ramakrishnan, Naren
, where there is a concentration of poverty, are both less likely to exhibit these democratic behaviors compare informal conversational activity that takes place online in communities of high and low poverty of i-Neighbors by poverty level, and apply our algorithm to six neighborhoods (three economically
The State and income inequality in Brazil
Medeiros, Marcelo; Souza, Pedro H.G.F.
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Cash Transfers in Brazil, Chile and Mexico: Impacts uponand income inequality in Brazil Journal. 1986;96(383):722–the inequality levels in Brazil would be much higher than
Bell Inequalities with Communication Assistance
Katherine Maxwell; Eric Chitambar
2014-05-13T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper we consider the possible correlations between two parties using local machines and shared randomness with an additional amount of classical communication. This is a continuation of the work initiated by Bacon and Toner in Ref. [\\textit{Phys. Rev. Lett.} \\textbf{90}, 157904 (2003)] who characterized the correlation polytope for $2\\times 2$ measurement settings with binary outcomes plus one bit of communication. Here, we derive a complete set of Bell Inequalities for $3\\times 2$ measurement settings and a shared bit of communication. When the communication direction is fixed, nine Bell Inequalities characterize the correlation polytope, whereas when the communication direction is bi-directional, 143 inequalities describe the correlations. We then prove a tight lower bound on the amount of communication needed to simulate all no-signaling correlations for a given number of measurement settings.
Isoperimetric Inequalities in Probability, Geometry, and PDE's
Rodrigo Bauelos,
2005-05-18T23:59:59.000Z
Nov 6, 2004 ... Isoperimetric Inequalities [1]. George Pólya, Mathematics and Plausible Reasoning (1954): “The isoperimetric theorem, deeply rooted in our.
A coarse entropy-rigidity theorem and discrete length-volume inequalities
Kinneberg, Kyle Edward
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A discrete length-volume inequality . . . . . . . .v 3 Length-volume inequalities revisitedlength-volume inequality for cubes . . . . . . . . . . . .
Regularization of Nonmonotone Variational Inequalities
Konnov, Igor V. [Department of Applied Mathematics, Kazan University, ul. Kremlevskaya 18, Kazan 420008 (Russian Federation)], E-mail: Igor.Konnov@ksu.ru; Ali, M.S.S. [Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Education, Ain Shams University, Cairo (Egypt); Mazurkevich, E.O. [Informatics Problems Institute of AS RT, Kazan 420012 (Russian Federation)
2006-05-15T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper we extend the Tikhonov-Browder regularization scheme from monotone to rather a general class of nonmonotone multivalued variational inequalities. We show that their convergence conditions hold for some classes of perfectly and nonperfectly competitive economic equilibrium problems.
Department of Energy Announces more than $18 Million to Strengthen...
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
more than 18 Million to Strengthen Nuclear Education at U.S. Universities and Colleges Department of Energy Announces more than 18 Million to Strengthen Nuclear Education at U.S....
Process for strengthening silicon based ceramics
Kim, Hyoun-Ee; Moorhead, A.J.
1991-03-07T23:59:59.000Z
A process for strengthening silicon based ceramic monolithic materials and composite materials that contain silicon based ceramic reinforcing phases that requires that the ceramic be exposed to a wet hydrogen atmosphere at about 1400{degrees}C. The process results in a dense, tightly adherent silicon containing oxide layer that heals, blunts, or otherwise negates the detrimental effect of strength limiting flaws on the surface of the ceramic body.
Strengthening the Loan Program | Department of Energy
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our Instagram Secretary900SteepStrengthening northern New Mexico's tribal
Energy Inequalities in Quantum Field Theory
Christopher J. Fewster
2005-01-31T23:59:59.000Z
Quantum fields are known to violate all the pointwise energy conditions of classical general relativity. We review the subject of quantum energy inequalities: lower bounds satisfied by weighted averages of the stress-energy tensor, which may be regarded as the vestiges of the classical energy conditions after quantisation. Contact is also made with thermodynamics and related issues in quantum mechanics, where such inequalities find analogues in sharp Gaarding inequalities.
Halanay type inequalities on time scales
Ad\\ivar, Murat
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This paper aims to introduce Halanay type inequalities on time scales. By means of these inequalities we derive new global stability conditions for nonlinear dynamic equations on time scales. Giving several examples we show that beside generalization and extension to q-difference case, our results also provide improvements for the existing theory regarding differential and difference inequalites, which are the most important particular cases of dynamic inequalities on time scales.
Log-Sobolev inequalities for subelliptic operators
Fabrice Baudoin
2012-02-07T23:59:59.000Z
Log-Sobolev inequalities for subelliptic operators. Fabrice Baudoin. Purdue University. Georgia Tech Probability Seminar. Based on a joint work with M.
ARAKELOV INEQUALITIES FOR FAMILIES OF ABELIAN ...
2014-11-25T23:59:59.000Z
ARAKELOV INEQUALITIES FOR FAMILIES OF ABELIAN. VARIETIES AFTER DELIGNE, VIEHWEG, ZUO. DONU ARAPURA. Talk at IAS, Nov 25, 2014. I want to ...
SHARP INEQUALITIES FOR POSITIVE FUNCTIONS 1. Introduction ...
1910-50-11T23:59:59.000Z
We prove a number of new sharp inequalities in addition to quantifying and generalizing some well-known results. We also investi- gate sharp bounds on |p (
E. Lieb convexity inequalities and noncommutaive Bernstein ...
2014-08-14T23:59:59.000Z
Abstract We describe a Jordan-algebraic version of E. Lieb convexity ... In [12] E. Lieb proved a number of interrelated convexity inequalities, which found.
Linear rank inequalities on five or more variables
Dougherty, Randall; Zeger, Kenneth
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Ranks of subspaces of vector spaces satisfy all linear inequalities satisfied by entropies (including the standard Shannon inequalities) and an additional inequality due to Ingleton. It is known that the Shannon and Ingleton inequalities generate all such linear rank inequalities on up to four variables, but it has been an open question whether additional inequalities hold for the case of five or more variables. Here we give a list of 24 inequalities which, together with the Shannon and Ingleton inequalities, generate all linear rank inequalities on five variables. We also give a partial list of linear rank inequalities on six variables and general results which produce such inequalities on an arbitrary number of variables; we prove that there are essentially new inequalities at each number of variables beyond four (a result also proved recently by Kinser).
The Inequality-Satisfiability problem Dorit S. Hochbaum
Hochbaum, Dorit S.
The Inequality-Satisfiability problem Dorit S. Hochbaum Department of Industrial Engineering as inequality-clauses or i-clauses), each of which contains up to k n-variable inequalities; the problem
Insiders and Outsiders: Does Forbidding Sexual Harassment Exacerbate Gender Inequality?
Chen, Daniel L.
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
2005. “Rising Wage Inequality: The Role of Composition andTechnology and U.S. Wage Inequality: A Brief Look. ” FederalHarassment Exacerbate Gender Inequality? Daniel L. Chen and
Burgess Inequality In $${\\mathbb {F}_{p^2}}$$
Chang, Mei-Chu
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
of ?. GAFA BURGESS INEQUALITY IN F p 2 Proof. First weSpringerlink.com BURGESS INEQUALITY IN F p 2 Mei-Chu Changelds. More precisely, an inequality of this type is obtained
Strengthening northern New Mexico's tribal economies
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our Instagram Secretary900SteepStrengthening northern New Mexico's tribal economies
Finance and Labor: Perspectives on Risk, Inequality, and Democracy
Jacoby, Sanford
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
George Clarke et al. , “Finance and Income Inequality: WhatKunt, and Ross Levine, “Finance, Inequality, and the Poor,”10 Journal of Empirical Finance (2003); Pinelopi Goldberg
IZA DP No. 2119 Punishment, Inequality and Emotions
Boyer, Edmond
the punisher and the target, and one in which it does not affect inequality. We show that while inequality-aversion
A Fefferman–Phong Type Inequality and Applications to Quasilinear ...
2002-02-07T23:59:59.000Z
We establish a nonlocal generalization of a well-known inequality by C. ... As an application, we prove the Harnack inequality and the Hölder continuity of ...
An embedding theorem and the Harnack inequality for nonlinear ...
2007-11-09T23:59:59.000Z
Nov 9, 2007 ... the Harnack inequality for nonnegative solutions of (1.1) follows either from ... subelliptic spaces S1+; b) To prove a Harnack type inequality for ...
Hardy–Sobolev Type Inequalities with Sharp Constants in Carnot ...
2010-06-22T23:59:59.000Z
nonlinear case p = 2. We also obtain a sharp inequality of Hardy–Sobolev type. Keywords Hardy type inequalities·Carnot groups·Carnot–Carathéodory spaces·.
Development of Strengthened Bundle High Temperature Superconductors
Lue, J.W.; Lubell, M.S. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Demko, J.A. [Oak Ridge Inst. for Science and Education, TN (United States); Tomsic, M. [Plastronic, Inc., Troy, OH (United States); Sinha, U. [Southwire Company, Carollton, GA (United States)
1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z
In the process of developing high temperature superconducting (HTS) transmission cables, it was found that mechanical strength of the superconducting tape is the most crucial property that needs to be improved. It is also desirable to increase the current carrying capacity of the conductor so that fewer layers are needed to make the kilo-amp class cables required for electric utility usage. A process has been developed by encapsulating a stack of Bi-2223/Ag tapes with a silver or non-silver sheath to form a strengthened bundle superconductor. This process was applied to HTS tapes made by the Continuous Tube Forming and Filling (CTFF) technique pursued by Plastronic Inc. and HTS tapes obtained from other manufacturers. Conductors with a bundle of 2 to 6 HTS tapes have been made. The bundled conductor is greatly strengthened by the non-silver sheath. No superconductor degradation as compared to the sum of the original critical currents of the individual tapes was seen on the finished conductors.
Pressure inequalities for nuclear and neutron matter
Dean Lee
2005-12-22T23:59:59.000Z
We prove several inequalities using lowest-order effective field theory for nucleons which give an upper bound on the pressure of asymmetric nuclear matter and neutron matter. We prove two types of inequalities, one based on convexity and another derived from shifting an auxiliary field.
Prosperity, Poverty and Inequality in London
Banaji,. Murad
ASE Prosperity, Poverty and Inequality in London 2000/01-2010/11 Ruth Lupton, Polly Vizard, Amanda of wealth, poverty, income inequality and spatial difference. The full programme of analysis will include. The Changing Spatial Distribution of Poverty 2001 to 2011...................33 The Geography of Poverty
Characterizations of Lojasiewicz inequalities and applications
Bolte, Jerome; Ley, Olivier; Mazet, Laurent
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The classical Lojasiewicz inequality and its extensions for partial differential equation problems (Simon) and to o-minimal structures (Kurdyka) have a considerable impact on the analysis of gradient-like methods and related problems: minimization methods, complexity theory, asymptotic analysis of dissipative partial differential equations, tame geometry. This paper provides alternative characterizations of this type of inequalities for nonsmooth lower semicontinuous functions defined on a metric or a real Hilbert space. In a metric context, we show that a generalized form of the Lojasiewicz inequality (hereby called the Kurdyka-Lojasiewicz inequality) relates to metric regularity and to the Lipschitz continuity of the sublevel mapping, yielding applications to discrete methods (strong convergence of the proximal algorithm). In a Hilbert setting we further establish that asymptotic properties of the semiflow generated by $-\\partial f$ are strongly linked to this inequality. This is done by introducing the not...
A Virtuous Cycle: Tracing Democratic Quality through Equality
Ross, Ashley Dyan
2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z
analysis turns to the local level of government - where services are delivered. Using original data from interviews and government records of four Mexican municipalities, the author examines the aspects of democracy and government capacity... that are correlated with lower inequalities of public services. The findings highlight that intense electoral competition and institutionalized channels of citizen input as well as capacity in terms of sound collection of municipal taxes and innovations...
Strengthening Public-Private Partnerships to Accelerate Global...
Public-Private Partnerships to Accelerate Global Electricity Technology Deployment Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Strengthening Public-Private...
Key Practical Issues in Strengthening Safety Culture, INSAG-15
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Key Pratical Issues in Strengthening Safety Culture, INSAG-15. A report by the International Nuclear Safety Advisory Gorup, International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, 2002.
Energy Department Announces $13 Million to Strengthen Local Solar...
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
energy technologies and market-based solutions that strengthen U.S. energy security, environmental quality, and economic vitality. To learn more about how your community can...
Espanola Public School teachers strengthen skills during summer...
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Espanola Public School Teachers Strengthen Skills Community Connections: Your link to news and opportunities from Los Alamos National Laboratory Latest Issue: March 2015 All Issues...
A strengthened formulation for the open pit mine production ...
Natashia Boland
2007-03-26T23:59:59.000Z
Mar 26, 2007 ... Abstract: We present a strengthened integer programming formulation for the open pit mine production scheduling problem, where the ...
aluminium beams strengthened: Topics by E-print Network
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Summary: FOR STRENGTHENING OF STEEL-CONCRETE COMPOSITE BEAMS WITH HIGH MODULUS CFRP MATERIALS David Schnerch Wiss, Janney for High Modulus Carbon Fiber Material Property Fiber...
Department of Energy Announces $39 Million to Strengthen University...
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
51 Projects Aim to Cut Carbon Pollution, Create Clean Energy Jobs and Strengthen America's Nuclear Energy Industry Washington, D.C. - The Department of Energy today announced that...
Stability Of Nanoclusters In 14YWT Oxide Dispersion Strengthened...
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Stability Of Nanoclusters In 14YWT Oxide Dispersion Strengthened Steel Under Heavy Ion-irradiation By Atom Probe Tomography. Stability Of Nanoclusters In 14YWT Oxide Dispersion...
On Testing Entropic Inequalities for Superconducting Qudit
Evgenii Glushkov; Anastasiia Glushkova; V. I. Man'ko
2015-05-20T23:59:59.000Z
The aim of this work is to verify the new entropic and information inequalities for non-composite systems using experimental $5 \\times 5$ density matrix of the qudit state, measured by the tomographic method in a multi-level superconducting circuit. These inequalities are well-known for bipartite and tripartite systems, but have never been tested for superconducting qudits. Entropic inequalities can also be used to evaluate the accuracy of experimental data and the value of mutual information, deduced from them, may charachterize correlations between different degrees of freedom in a noncomposite system.
On Testing Entropic Inequalities for Superconducting Qudit
Evgenii Glushkov; Anastasiia Glushkova; V. I. Man'ko
2015-04-30T23:59:59.000Z
The aim of this work is to verify the new entropic and information inequalities for non-composite systems using experimental $5 \\times 5$ density matrix of the qudit state, measured by the tomographic method in a multi-level superconducting circuit. These inequalities are well-known for bipartite and tripartite systems, but have never been tested for superconducting qudits. Entropic inequalities can also be used to evaluate the accuracy of experimental data and the value of mutual information, deduced from them, may charachterize correlations between different degrees of freedom in a noncomposite system.
1 Ma 15200 Lesson 18 Section 1.7 I Representing an Inequality ...
charlotb
2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z
1. Ma 15200 Lesson 18 Section 1.7. I. Representing an Inequality. There are 3 ways to represent an inequality. (1) Using the inequality symbol (sometime.
Tackling Global Inequality in Labor Migration: Diaspora Mechanism and Migration Development Bank
Gevorkyan, Aleksandr V.; Gevorkyan, Arkady V.
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Tackling Global Inequality in Labor Migration: DiasporaCruz Conference on “Mapping Global Inequalities - BeyondIncome Inequality” * November 17, 2007 New York, NY
Regional Inequality in India in the 1990s: A Further Look
Singh, Nirvikar; Kendall, Jake; Jain, R.K.; Chander, Jai
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Regional Inequality in India in the 1990s: A Further Lookchanges in regional inequality in India in the 1990s, usingperiod. Keywords: regional inequality, growth convergence,
After Foreclosure: The Displacement Crisis and the Social and Spatial Reproduction of Inequality
Martin, Anne J.
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
and Spatial Reproduction of Inequality by Anne J. Martinbe reproducing social inequalities. The Institute for theprocess may reproduce inequalities of class, race, gender,
Lim, Kien Hwa
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A case study concerning inequalities. In M. van den Heuval-Kieran, C. (2004). The equation/inequality connection inconstructing meaning for inequality situations. In M. J.
Diewald, Martin; Albert, Mathias
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Sen, Amartya (1992): Inequality reexamined. OxfordCharles (1998): Durable Inequality. University of CaliforniaMapping Global Inequality with World Society Theory and
Finding Space Beyond Variables: An Analytical Review of Urban Space and Social Inequalities
Joseph, Lauren
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Boundaries and the Making of Inequality. Chicago: University2003. “The Dimensions of Racial Inequality: Occupational andMollenkopf 2002. “Economic Inequality and Public Policy: The
Varieties of Inequality: Allocation, Distribution, and the Wage Disadvantages of Immigrant Workers
Kesler, Christel
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
and Kim Voss. 1996. Inequality by Design: Cracking the BellSources of Earnings Inequality in 20 Countries." AmericanVARIETIES OF INEQUALITY: ALLOCATION, DISTRIBUTION, AND THE
Inequality and Local Government: Evidence from U.S. Cities and School Districts, 1970-2000.
Zolt, Eric M; Boustan, Leah
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Draft: February 10, 2010 Inequality and Local Government:I. Introduction Income inequality has increased dramaticallyScholars have linked income inequality to several negative
Tay, Thiam Chye
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Juzhong, ed. 2010. Poverty, Inequality, and Inclusive Growth2008. "Income, inequality, and electoral participation."In Democracy, Inequality, and Representation, ed. Pablo
Accounting for the Change in the Gradient: Health Inequality among Infants
Lin, Wanchuan
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
R. 1985. “Social Class Inequality in Mortality from 1921 toin the Gradient: Health Inequality Among Infants Wanchuanin the Gradient: Health Inequality Among Infants * Wanchuan
Regional Income Inequality in Post-1978 China: A Kaldorian Spatial Econometric Approach
Jeon, Yongbok
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
2003), “Analyzing Regional Inequality in Post-Mao China in a1996), “Regional Income Inequality and Economic Growth inpermission Regional Income Inequality in Post-1978 China : A
Feng, Wang
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Riskin. 1998. “Income and inequality in China: Composition,Charles. 1998. Durable Inequality. Berkeley and Los Angeles:and Categories: Rising Inequality in Post-Socialist Urban
Measuring Risk by Looking at Changes in Inequality: vulnerability in Ecuador
Ligon, Ethan A.
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
alized entropy and atkinson inequality indices: The complexIntertemporal choice and inequality. Journal of PoliticalBY LOOKING AT CHANGES IN INEQUALITY References Amin, S. , A.
Impacts of Trade on Wage Inequality in Los Angeles: Analysis Using Matched Employer-Employee Data
Rigby, David L.; Breau, Sebastien
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
1059. Chakravorty, S. 1996. Urban inequality revisited - TheP. B. 1989. Measuring inequality: a methodological handbook.outsourcing, and wage inequality. American Economic Review
Ding, Chris; He, Xiaofeng; Xiong, Hui; Peng, Hanchuan; Holbrook, Stephen R.
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Closure and Metric Inequality of Weighted Graphs – Detectingleads to a transitivity inequality which is equivalentto ultra-metric inequality. This can be used to de?ne
Lloyd, Cynthia
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
citation Educational Inequalities in the midst of widespread28, 2007 Mapping Global Inequalities Conference, Santa Cruz,to the growth of inequalities both within and between
1 Ma 15200 Lesson 18 Section 1.7 I Representing an Inequality ...
charlotb
2010-10-04T23:59:59.000Z
1. Ma 15200 Lesson 18 Section 1.7. I. Representing an Inequality. There are 3 ways to represent an inequality. (1) Using the inequality symbol (sometime.
Bell Inequality and Many-Worlds Interpretation
Lev Vaidman
2015-01-12T23:59:59.000Z
It is argued that the lesson we should learn from Bell's inequalities is not that quantum mechanics requires some kind of action at a distance, but that it leads us to believe in parallel worlds.
Matroid prophet inequalities and Bayesian mechanism design
Weinberg, S. Matthew (Seth Matthew)
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Consider a gambler who observes a sequence of independent, non-negative random numbers and is allowed to stop the sequence at any time, claiming a reward equal to the most recent observation. The famous prophet inequality ...
Inequality design limits in optimal aerodynamic shapes
Seaman, Charles Knight
1968-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS I would like to thank Mr. Stan Lowy for his assistance. ABSTRACT The investigation is concerned with ways of including design con- straints in the problem of optimum aerodynamic shapes. Inequality constraints are examined in the report as one... means of describing design limits in the optimization problem. The use of inequality con- straints to consider design limits in a variational solution is illustrated with an example problem. In the example problem, the admissable profiles for a...
Democratizing Mobile Technology in Support of Volunteer Activities in Data Collection
Democratizing Mobile Technology in Support of Volunteer Activities in Data Collection Sun Young Kim-computer interaction, mobile technology, technology adoption, volunteer, data collection, citizen science, participatory sensing, sustainability #12;III ABSTRACT Mobile technology is advancing our ability to connect
A Review of "The Colonial American Origins of Modern Democratic Thought" by J.S. Maloy
Scheik, William J.
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
of exemplary character and leadership would, Smith thought, counter exploitative colonial factions. A combination of democratic and aristocratic paradigms, augmented by an image of Virginia as a little commonwealth in its own right, informs Smith...
Nagaev, Sergei V.
. Among classical probabilities are those by S.N. Bernstein (see [1, III, Â§3, Theorem 18]) and Bennet [2) decrease exponentially as x for all summand forming the sum n j=1 Xj. As to the Bennet] is adjacent to the BennetÂHoeffding inequality. That was rather a limited list of probability inequalities
Nagaev, Sergei V.
. Among classical probabilities are those by S.N. Bernstein (see [1, III, Â§3, Theorem 18]) and Bennet [2(X j > x) decrease exponentially as x ## for all summand forming the sum # n j=1 X j . As to the Bennet] is adjacent to the Bennet--Hoe#ding inequality. That was rather a limited list of probability inequalities
Stability Of Nanoclusters In 14YWT Oxide Dispersion Strengthened...
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Ion-irradiation By Atom Probe Tomography. Abstract: 14YWT oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) ferritic steel was irradiated with of 5 MeV Ni2+ ions, at 300 °C, 450 °C, and...
On the velocity-strengthening behavior of dry friction
Bar-Sinai, Yohai; Brener, Efim A; Bouchbinder, Eran
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The onset of frictional instabilities, e.g. earthquakes nucleation, is intimately related to velocity-weakening friction, in which the frictional resistance of interfaces decreases with increasing slip velocity. While this frictional response has been studied extensively, much less attention has been given to steady-state velocity-strengthening friction, in spite of its importance for various aspects of frictional phenomena such as the propagation speed of interfacial rupture fronts and the amount of stored energy released by them. In this note we suggest that a crossover from steady-state velocity-weakening friction at small slip velocities to steady-state velocity-strengthening friction at higher velocities might be a generic feature of dry friction. We further argue that while thermally activated rheology naturally gives rise to logarithmic steady-state velocity-strengthening friction, a crossover to stronger-than-logarithmic strengthening might take place at higher slip velocities, possibly accompanied by...
Strengthening of metallic alloys with nanometer-size oxide dispersions
Flinn, John E. (Idaho Falls, ID); Kelly, Thomas F. (Madison, WI)
1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Austenitic stainless steels and nickel-base alloys containing, by wt. %, 0.1 to 3.0% V, 0.01 to 0.08% C, 0.01 to 0.5% N, 0.05% max. each of Al and Ti, and 0.005 to 0.10% O, are strengthened and ductility retained by atomization of a metal melt under cover of an inert gas with added oxygen to form approximately 8 nanometer-size hollow oxides within the alloy grains and, when the alloy is aged, strengthened by precipitation of carbides and nitrides nucleated by the hollow oxides. Added strengthening is achieved by nitrogen solid solution strengthening and by the effect of solid oxides precipitated along and pinning grain boundaries to provide temperature-stabilization and refinement of the alloy grains.
USING PERFORMANCE MEASUREMENTS TO EVALUATE AND STRENGTHEN INFORMATION SYSTEM SECURITY
USING PERFORMANCE MEASUREMENTS TO EVALUATE AND STRENGTHEN INFORMATION SYSTEM SECURITY Shirley Radack, Editor Computer Security Division Information Technology Laboratory National Institute about the security of information systems for the decision makers of organizations. When organizations
Strengthening of metallic alloys with nanometer-size oxide dispersions
Flinn, J.E.; Kelly, T.F.
1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z
Austenitic stainless steels and nickel-base alloys containing, by wt. %, 0.1 to 3.0% V, 0.01 to 0.08% C, 0.01 to 0.5% N, 0.05% max. each of Al and Ti, and 0.005 to 0.10% O, are strengthened and ductility retained by atomization of a metal melt under cover of an inert gas with added oxygen to form approximately 8 nanometer-size hollow oxides within the alloy grains and, when the alloy is aged, strengthened by precipitation of carbides and nitrides nucleated by the hollow oxides. Added strengthening is achieved by nitrogen solid solution strengthening and by the effect of solid oxides precipitated along and pinning grain boundaries to provide temperature-stabilization and refinement of the alloy grains. 20 figs.
Violation of the Cauchy-Schwarz Inequality with Matter Waves K. V. Kheruntsyan,1
Kheruntsyan, Karen
) inequality--one of the most widely used and important inequalities in mathematics--can be formulated
Strengthening Mechanisms of Sputtered Copper, Cobalt and Their Nanocomposites
Liu, Yue
2014-04-28T23:59:59.000Z
-Petch Relation ................................. 1 I.1.2 Grain Boundary Strengthening II – Nanocrystalline ...................................... 3 I.1.3 Interphase Boundary Strengthening – Multilayer Composites ....................... 5 I.1.4 Twin Boundary...-deposited nanotwinned Cu in comparison with that for a coarse-grained polycrystalline Cu (~100 ?m grain size) and a nanocrystalline Cu (~30 nm grain size); (b) electrical resistivity of nanotwinned Cu sample at various temperature in comparison...
Essays on financial markets, inequality and economic development
Blaum, Joaquin
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In Chapter 1, I study the effects of wealth inequality on economies where financial markets are imperfect. I exploit the idea that inequality should have a different effect across sectors. Using a difference-in-difference ...
GEOMETRIC NUMERICAL INTEGRATION OF INEQUALITY CONSTRAINED, NONSMOOTH HAMILTONIAN SYSTEMS
Columbia University
and obtain an associated framework for composing ge- ometric numerical integration methods for inequality-equalityÂconstrained geometric integration setting, we target long-term structure preservation. In the inequality-constrained
OPTIMALITY CONDITIONS FOR IRREGULAR INEQUALITY-CONSTRAINED PROBLEMS
Solodov, Mikhail V.
OPTIMALITY CONDITIONS FOR IRREGULAR INEQUALITY-CONSTRAINED PROBLEMS A. F. IZMAILOV AND M. VÂOptimization, and by FAPERJ. 1280 #12;IRREGULAR INEQUALITY-CONSTRAINED PROBLEMS 1281 Note that in (1.4) cone K is not required
Sobolev inequality for localization of pseudo-relativistic energy
A. A. Balinsky; A. E. Tyukov
2005-08-18T23:59:59.000Z
In this article we present Sobolev-type inequalities for the localization of pseudo-relativistic energy.
Income Inequality and Mortality: The Costa RIcan Case
Modrek, Sepideh
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
44-49). San Francisco Kuznets, S. (1955). Economic Growthin income inequality (Kuznets, 1955), but benefits from this
Bayesian Optimization with Inequality Constraints Jacob R. Gardner1
Columbia University
- eter tuning and experimental design. How- ever, this framework has not been extended to the inequality-constrained
TUSNADY'S INEQUALITY REVISITED ANDREW CARTER AND DAVID POLLARD
Pollard, David
at all simple". Bretagnolle and Massart (1989, Appendix) published another proof of TusnÂ´ady's inequality--an
Inequality and Social Security Reforms Jean-Olivier Hairault
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
received so much support, it is because it is consid- ered as inequality-reducing, relative to a more
Poverty and Inequality Research Cluster Global Development and Happiness
Sussex, University of
Poverty and Inequality Research Cluster Global Development and Happiness: How can Data Volume 2013 No 432 #12;2 The Poverty and Inequality research cluster, part of the Vulnerability and Poverty Reduction team at IDS, produces research on poverty, inequality and wellbeing. Our research
Sadoulet, Elisabeth
A. de Janvry and E. Sadoulet, Growth, Poverty, and Inequality in Latin America 1 May 2000 Appendix B Poverty and Inequality Data Table B1 gives the poverty and inequality data used in the study. The data in general come from the work of Oscar Altimir at CEPAL who reconciled the calculations of poverty
On the velocity-strengthening behavior of dry friction
Yohai Bar-Sinai; Robert Spatschek; Efim A. Brener; Eran Bouchbinder
2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z
The onset of frictional instabilities, e.g. earthquakes nucleation, is intimately related to velocity-weakening friction, in which the frictional resistance of interfaces decreases with increasing slip velocity. While this frictional response has been studied extensively, less attention has been given to steady-state velocity-strengthening friction, in spite of its potential importance for various aspects of frictional phenomena such as the propagation speed of interfacial rupture fronts and the amount of stored energy released by them. In this note we suggest that a crossover from steady-state velocity-weakening friction at small slip velocities to steady-state velocity-strengthening friction at higher velocities might be a generic feature of dry friction. We further argue that while thermally activated rheology naturally gives rise to logarithmic steady-state velocity-strengthening friction, a crossover to stronger-than-logarithmic strengthening might take place at higher slip velocities, possibly accompanied by a change in the dominant dissipation mechanism. We sketch a few physical mechanisms that may account for the crossover to stronger-than-logarithmic steady-state velocity-strengthening and compile a rather extensive set of experimental data available in the literature, lending support to these ideas.
Validity and failure of some entropy inequalities for CAR systems
Hajime Moriya
2005-01-26T23:59:59.000Z
Basic properties of von Neumann entropy such as the triangle inequality and what we call MONO-SSA are studied for CAR systems. We show that both inequalities hold for any even state. We construct a certain class of noneven states giving counter examples of those inequalities. It is not always possible to extend a set of prepared states on disjoint regions to some joint state on the whole region for CAR systems. However, for every even state, we have its `symmetric purification' by which the validity of those inequalities is shown. Some (realized) noneven states have peculiar state correlations among subsystems and induce the failure of those inequalities.
Bell-inequality violation with "thermal" radiation
Radim Filip; Miloslav Dusek; Jaromir Fiurasek; Ladislav Mista
2001-05-17T23:59:59.000Z
The model of a quantum-optical device for a conditional preparation of entangled states from input mixed states is presented. It is demonstrated that even thermal or pseudo-thermal radiation can be entangled in such a way, that Bell-inequalities are violated.
Bregman Divergences and Triangle Inequality Sreangsu Acharyya
Banerjee, Arindam
and metrics that satisfy the triangle inequality. The first family can be derived from any well-behaved convex in terms of cumulants of infinitely divisible distributions, and related results in harmonic analysis. We Symmetrized Bregman (GSB) diver- gence, can be derived from any well behaved convex function. We present
NBER WORKING PAPER SERIES MEASURING ANCIENT INEQUALITY
Hickman, Mark
-industrial income gaps between rich and poor. Simon Kuznets was very skeptical of attempts to compare income concepts, and different parts of the national economy. To underline his doubts, Kuznets once asked data?" Economists with interest in inequality are indebted to Kuznets for his sage warning.1 We are eve
Golden-Thompson's inequality for deformed exponentials
Frank Hansen
2014-10-21T23:59:59.000Z
Deformed logarithms and their inverse functions, the deformed exponentials, are important tools in the theory of non-additive entropies and non-extensive statistical mechanics. We formulate and prove counterparts of Golden-Thompson's trace inequality for q-exponentials with parameter q in the interval [1,3].
Earnings inequality and in-work-poverty
Gutiérrez Palacios, Rodolfo; Guillén Rodríguez, Ana Marta; Peña-Casas, Ramón
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
. The first deals with our level of knowledge about the impact of economic globalization on earnings inequalities. Sections 2 and 3 are devoted to the dynamics and present situation of the incidence of low paid work and in-work poverty respectively. Section 4...
Bound on Bell Inequalities by Fraction of Determinism and Reverse Triangle Inequality
P. Joshi; K. Horodecki; M. Horodecki; P. Horodecki; R. Horodecki; Ben Li; S. J. Szarek; T. Szarek
2015-02-10T23:59:59.000Z
It is an established fact that entanglement is a resource. Sharing an entangled state leads to non-local correlations and to violations of Bell inequalities. Such non-local correlations illustrate the advantage of quantum resources over classical resources. Here, we study quantitatively Bell inequalities with $2\\times n$ inputs. As found in [N. Gisin et al., Int. J. Q. Inf. 5, 525 (2007)] quantum mechanical correlations cannot reach the algebraic bound for such inequalities. In this paper, we uncover the heart of this effect which we call the {\\it fraction of determinism}. We show that any quantum statistics with two parties and $2 \\times n$ inputs exhibits nonzero fraction of determinism, and we supply a quantitative bound for it. We then apply it to provide an explicit {\\it universal upper bound} for Bell inequalities with $2\\times n$ inputs. As our main mathematical tool we introduce and prove a {\\it reverse triangle inequality}, stating in a quantitative way that if some states are far away from a given state, then their mixture is also. The inequality is crucial in deriving the lower bound for the fraction of determinism, but is also of interest on its own.
Strengthening a solid partnership | Y-12 National Security Complex
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del SolStrengthening a solid ... Strengthening a solid partnership Posted: January 23,
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Was the French Patent System democratic ? France, XIX th century Gabriel Galvez-Behar Université patent system and economic performance has been explored by economists and historians. In her book on a « democratization of invention », which was allowed by its own patent system. Contrary to the American one
Cushing, Lara; Morello-Frosch, Rachel; Wander, Madeline; Pastor, Manuel
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Divided We Stand: Why Inequality Keeps Rising. Paris: OECD (States: Tackling High Inequalities and Creating Opportu-Y. 2005. Emulation, inequality, and work hours: was Thorsten
Lopez-Feldman, Alejandro; Mora, Jorge; Taylor, J. Edward
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Mitigate Poverty and Inequality? Evidence from Rural MexicoMitigate Poverty and Inequality? Evidence from Rural MexicoBootstrap Inference for Inequality and Poverty Measures’,
Ngepah, Nicholas
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
and G. Tabelini, 1994. " Is Inequality Harmful for Growth?"The Poverty-Growth-Inequality Triangle" Paper presented atat Old Issues: Growth and Inequality," Mimeo, World Bank,
School Leaders Sense-making and Use of Equity-related Data to Disrupt Patterns of Inequality
Chikwe, Moses
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
track: How schools structure inequality. New Haven, CT: YaleChallenging or reproducing inequality? Teachers CollegeC. S. , et al. (1996). Inequality by design: Cracking the
Golden, Miriam; Wallerstein, Michael
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
to explaining income inequality: An interdisciplinaryand disposable income inequalities. Discussion Papers SP II,erences in male wage inequality: Institutions versus market
Glinianaia, Svetlana V; Ghosh, Rakesh; Rankin, Judith; Pearce, Mark S; Parker, Louise; Pless-Mulloli, Tanja
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Field DJ: Socioeconomic inequalities in very preterm birth2635. 23. Munro J: Health inequalities 25 years after Black.report on socioeconomic inequalities in health 10 years on.
Strengthening lattice-free cuts using non-negativity
2010-09-07T23:59:59.000Z
May 28, 2009 ... Page 1 ... strengthened by using the non-negativity of the integer variables. ..... Now consider r ? RCo and note as r ? RC we have ?(r) ? 0. ...... Geometrically, what is happening is that the coefficient of r ? RC(B) is defined by first taking ..... and hence we only need to focus on convex sets that don't have ...
Flexural Strengthening of Steel Bridges with High Modulus CFRP Strips
Rizkalla, F.ASCE2 Abstract: Acceptance of carbon fiber-reinforced polymer CFRP materials for strengthening subject headings: Bonding; Composite beams; Composite materials; Fiber reinforced polymers; Flexural of carbon fiber-reinforced poly- mer CFRP materials for repair of fatigue damage Armstrong 1983; Allan et al
Development oxide dispersion strengthened ferritic steels for fusion
Mukhopadhyay, D.K.; Froes, F.H.; Gelles, D.S. [Pacific Northwest National Lab., Richland, WA (United States)
1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
Uniaxial tension creep response is reported for an oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) steel, Fe-13.5Cr-2W-0.5Ti-0.25 Y{sub 2}O{sub 3} (in weight percent) manufactured using the mechanical alloying process. Acceptable creep response is obtained at 900{degrees}C.
NDE of Concrete Structures Strengthened with FRP Using Infrared Thermography
Entekhabi, Dara
NDE of Concrete Structures Strengthened with FRP Using Infrared Thermography Monica A. STARNES the effectiveness of infrared thermography to estimate the width of subsurface flaws in fiber-reinforced polymer infrared thermography, i.e., not only detecting but also characterizing subsurface flaws. Finite element
LIVE: Meeting on Strengthening Deepwater Blowout Containment Capabilities
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Secretary Chu and Secretary of the Interior Ken Salazar convened with top U.S. government scientists and key industry and stakeholder leaders to discuss how to strengthen capabilities for responding to potential blowouts of oil and gas wells on the Outer Continental Shelf.
Test of Genuine Multipartite Nonlocality Without Inequality
Qing Chen; Sixia Yu; Chengjie Zhang; C. H. Lai; C. H. Oh
2013-05-20T23:59:59.000Z
In this letter we propose a set of conditions on the joint probabilities as a test of genuine multipartite nonlocality without inequality. Our test is failed by all non-signaling local models in which even nonlocal correlations among some observables (not all) are allowed as long as these correlations respect the non-signaling principle. A pass of our test by a state therefore indicates that this state cannot be simulated by any non-signaling local models, i.e., the state exhibits genuine multipartite nonlocality. It turns out that all entangled symmetric n-qubit ($n \\geq 3$) states pass our test and therefore are n-way nonlocal. Also we construct two Bell-type inequalities from our proposed test whose violations indicate genuine multipartite nonlocal correlations.
On the Problems and Power of Silence in Democratic Theory and Sean W.D. Gray
without resources for voice. When these choices are recognized and integrated into democratic institutions at the 2012 Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, the 2013 Annual Meeting/silence dichotomy. To take one recent example, Congressman Mick Mulvaney, a Republican from South Carolina, launched
Hourdequin, Marion, E-mail: Marion.Hourdequin@ColoradoCollege.edu [Aldo Leopold Wilderness Research Institute, Rocky Mountain Research Station, USDA Forest Service, 790 East Beckwith, Missoula, MT 59801 (United States); Department of Philosophy, Colorado College, 14 E. Cache La Poudre St., Colorado Springs, CO 80903 (United States); Landres, Peter [Aldo Leopold Wilderness Research Institute, Rocky Mountain Research Station, USDA Forest Service, 790 East Beckwith, Missoula, MT 59801 (United States); Hanson, Mark J. [Department of Philosophy, University of Montana, Missoula, MT 59812 (United States); Craig, David R. [Aldo Leopold Wilderness Research Institute, Rocky Mountain Research Station, USDA Forest Service, 790 East Beckwith, Missoula, MT 59801 (United States)
2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z
Traditional mechanisms for public participation in environmental impact assessment under U.S. federal law have been criticized as ineffective and unable to resolve conflict. As these mechanisms are modified and new approaches developed, we argue that participation should be designed and evaluated not only on practical grounds of cost-effectiveness and efficiency, but also on ethical grounds based on democratic ideals. In this paper, we review and synthesize modern democratic theory to develop and justify four ethical principles for public participation: equal opportunity to participate, equal access to information, genuine deliberation, and shared commitment. We then explore several tensions that are inherent in applying these ethical principles to public participation in EIA. We next examine traditional NEPA processes and newer collaborative approaches in light of these principles. Finally, we explore the circumstances that argue for more in-depth participatory processes. While improved EIA participatory processes do not guarantee improved outcomes in environmental management, processes informed by these four ethical principles derived from democratic theory may lead to increased public engagement and satisfaction with government agency decisions. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Four ethical principles based on democratic theory for public participation in EIA. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer NEPA and collaboration offer different strengths in meeting these principles. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We explore tensions inherent in applying these principles. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Improved participatory processes may improve public acceptance of agency decisions.
The Democratic Surround Multimedia and American Liberalism from World War II to the
The Democratic Surround Multimedia and American Liberalism from World War II to the Psychedelic and anthropologists set out to create an alternative to fascism during World War II and ended up setting the stage professor of communication at Stanford University. He is the author of Echoes of Combat: The Vietnam War
Democratizing content publication with Coral Michael J. Freedman, Eric Freudenthal, David Mazi`eres
Badrinath, B. R.
Democratizing content publication with Coral Michael J. Freedman, Eric Freudenthal, David Mazi`eres New York University http://www.scs.cs.nyu.edu/coral/ Abstract CoralCDN is a peer-to-peer content, all for the price of a cheap broadband Internet connection. Volunteer sites that run Coral
The Relationship Between Unemployment and Earnings Inequality in South Africa
Tregenna, Fiona
1 THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN UNEMPLOMENT AND EARNINGS INEQUALITY IN SOUTH AFRICA FIONA TREGENNA Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge ABSTRACT Unemployment and earnings inequality have moved closely together in South Africa... in recent years, suggesting that there may not be a trade-off between them as the literature generally suggests. This article explores the relationship between unemployment and earnings inequality in South Africa, specifically investigating the extent...
Mathematical and physical meaning of the Bell inequalities
Emilio Santos
2014-10-18T23:59:59.000Z
It is shown that the Bell inequalities are closely related to the triangle inequalities involving distance functions amongst pairs of random variables with values {0,1} . A hidden variables model may be defined as a mapping between a set of quantum projection operators and a set of random variables. The model is noncontextual if there is a joint probability distribution. The Bell inequalities are necessary conditions for its existence. The inequalities are most relevant when measurements are performed at space-like separation, a possibility showing a conflict between quantum mechanics and local realism (Bell's theorem).
Bell-type inequalities for non-local resources
Nicolas Brunner; Valerio Scarani; Nicolas Gisin
2006-03-10T23:59:59.000Z
We present bipartite Bell-type inequalities which allow the two partners to use some non-local resource. Such inequality can only be violated if the parties use a resource which is more non-local than the one permitted by the inequality. We introduce a family of N-inputs non-local machines, which are generalizations of the well-known PR-box. Then we construct Bell-type inequalities that cannot be violated by strategies that use one these new machines. Finally we discuss implications for the simulation of quantum states.
Chance–Constrained Linear Matrix Inequalities with Dependent ...
2011-01-27T23:59:59.000Z
Jan 27, 2011 ... Department of Systems Engineering and Engineering Management, The ..... as systems of linear matrix inequalities. .... Observe that the quality.
A BRASCAMP-LIEB-LUTTINGER–TYPE INEQUALITY AND ...
2001-02-09T23:59:59.000Z
References. [1] C. Bandle, Isoperimetric Inequalities and Applications, Monographs and Studies in Mathe- matics, Pitman 1980. [2] R. Ba˜nuelos and T. Carroll, ...
Isoperimetric Inequalities Related to Mass and Energy in General ...
2007-05-17T23:59:59.000Z
THE 3RD SYMPOSIUM ON ANALYSIS AND PDES. PURDUE UNIVERSITY, MAY 27–30, 2007. ISOPERIMETRIC INEQUALITIES RELATED TO MASS AND.
Poincaré inequality, the uniqueness of the solutions for the heat ...
Bumsik Kim
2013-04-22T23:59:59.000Z
Apr 13, 2013 ... Classic Heat equation in R n. KNOWN : Positive solution u is uniquely determined by the initial condition : Why? (Harnack's inequality) : ? ? Rn ...
Inner approximations for polynomial matrix inequalities and robust ...
2011-04-26T23:59:59.000Z
Apr 26, 2011 ... is modelled by parametrized polynomial matrix inequalities (PMI). ... Given a parametrized PMI set, we provide a hierarchy of linear matrix ...
Multiplicities of Pfaffian Intersections, and the Lojasiewicz Inequality ...
1910-00-40T23:59:59.000Z
and the exponents in the Lojasiewicz inequalities for Pfaffian functions. For the intersections defined by sparse polynomials, the multiplicities outside the.
An inequality for potentials and the “hot–spots” conjecture
2003-06-04T23:59:59.000Z
inequality, by the conformal invariance of Brownian motion, implies a result of Pascu [13] on “hot–spots” for certain symmetric convex domains. ?Supported in ...
THE LEX-PLUS-POWER INEQUALITY FOR LOCAL COHOMOLOGY ...
2013-03-11T23:59:59.000Z
We prove an inequality between Hilbert functions of local cohomology modules supported in the homogeneous maximal ideal of standard graded algebras over
an epiperimetric inequality approach to the regularity of the free ...
2015-01-26T23:59:59.000Z
An epiperimetric inequality for the Signorini problem. 18. 7. C1,? regularity of the regular part of the free boundary. 28. References. 39. 1. Introduction. 1.1.
The Effect of Growth Volatility on Income Inequality Ho-Chuan (River) Huang
Ahmad, Sajjad
positively affects growth. Barro (2000) uncovers a nonlinear inequality-growth nexus, with inequality growth in low-income ones. Rather than examining the volatility-growth or the inequality-growth linkages
Inequality at Work: The Effect of Peer Salaries on Job Satisfaction
Card, David; Mas, Alexandre; Moretti, Enrico; Saez, Emmanuel
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Kuhn (2007). “Does Pay Inequality A?ect Worker E?ort? Ex-Wage Structure and Earnings Inequality,” Handbook of LaborNBER WORKING PAPER SERIES INEQUALITY AT WORK: THE EFFECT OF
Inequality and Economic Growth: Bridging the Short-run and the Long-run
Grijalva, Diego F.
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
40, 1–46. Benabou, Roland, “Inequality and Growth,” in BenAkira Nishiyama, “Income Inequality and Growth - Does theU Relationship between Inequality and Long-run Growth,”
The Decline in Inequality In Brazil, 2003-2009: The Role Of The State
Souza, Pedro H.G.F.
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
and S. G. Prus. 2006. “Income Inequality over the Later-LifeThe Dynamics of Income Inequality in Mexico Since NAFTA. ”Recent Trends in Income Inequality in Latin America. ”
Wealth Inequality in the “Land of the Fee”: A Conversation with Devin Fergus
Reid, Carolina
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Research Center. Wealth Inequality in the “Land of the Fee”Wealth Inequality in the “Land of the Fee”: A Conversationand Osoro 2013). Wealth Inequality in the “Land of the Fee”
Intergenerational Wealth Transmission and the Dynamics of Inequality in Small-Scale Societies
Borgerhoff Mulder, Monique
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Handbook of Economic Inequality, W. Salverda, B. Nolan, T.Handbook of Economic Inequality, W. Salverda, B. Nolan, T.and the Dynamics of Inequality in Small-Scale Societies
Patrizio Neff; Dirk Pauly; Karl-Josef Witsch
2011-06-30T23:59:59.000Z
We prove a Korn-type inequality for tensor fields without gradient structure, which generalizes Korn's first inequality.
Nano-scale strengthening from grains, subgrains, and particles in Fe-based alloys
Lesuer, D. R.; Syn, C. K.; Sherby, O. D.
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
x ULTRAFINE GRAINED MATERIALS Nano-scale strengthening fromSpringerlink.com Abstract Nano-scale strengthening has beenless than 20 h), develop nano-scale subgrains [15]. These
Atadero, Rebecca Anne
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Design for FRP Strengthening of Reinforced Concrete. In 7 thFRP) Reinforcement for Concrete Structure; Shield, C.K. ,G.C. Fatigue Performance of Concrete Beams Strengthened with
Cryogenic properties of dispersion strengthened copper for high magnetic fields
Toplosky, V. J.; Han, K.; Walsh, R. P. [National High Magnetic Field Laboratory, Tallahassee, FL 32310 (United States); Swenson, C. A. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States)
2014-01-27T23:59:59.000Z
Cold deformed copper matrix composite conductors, developed for use in the 100 tesla multi-shot pulsed magnet at the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory (NHMFL), have been characterized. The conductors are alumina strengthened copper which is fabricated by cold drawing that introduces high dislocation densities and high internal stresses. Both alumina particles and high density of dislocations provide us with high tensile strength and fatigue endurance. The conductors also have high electrical conductivities because alumina has limited solubility in Cu and dislocations have little scattering effect on conduction electrons. Such a combination of high strength and high conductivity makes it an excellent candidate over other resistive magnet materials. Thus, characterization is carried out by tensile testing and fully reversible fatigue testing. In tensile tests, the material exceeds the design criteria parameters. In the fatigue tests, both the load and displacement were measured and used to control the amplitude of the tests to simulate the various loading conditions in the pulsed magnet which is operated at 77 K in a non-destructive mode. In order to properly simulate the pulsed magnet operation, strain-controlled tests were more suitable than load controlled tests. For the dispersion strengthened coppers, the strengthening mechanism of the aluminum oxide provided better tensile and fatigue properties over convention copper.
Oxide dispersion strengthening of nickel electrodeposits for microsystem applications.
Janek, Richard P. (Owens Technology Inc., Palo Alto, CA); Kotula, Paul Gabriel; Buchheit, Thomas Edward; Michael, R. P.; Goods, Steven Howard
2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z
Oxide dispersion strengthened nickel (ODS-Ni) electrodeposits were fabricated to net shape in a nickel sulfamate bath using the LIGA process. A 20 g/l charge of 10 nm Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} powder was suspended in the bath during electrodeposition to produce specimens containing an approximately 0.001-0.02 volume fraction dispersion of the alumina particulate. Mechanical properties are compared to baseline specimens fabricated using an identical sulfamate bath chemistry without the Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} powder charge. Results reveal that the as-deposited ODS-Ni exhibited significantly higher yield strength and ultimate tensile strength than the baseline material. This increase in as-deposited strength is attributed to Orowan strengthening. The ODS-Ni also showed improved retention of room temperature strength after annealing over a range of temperatures up to 600 C. Microscopy revealed that this resistance to anneal softening was due to an inhibition of grain growth in the presence of the oxide dispersion. Nanoindentation measurements revealed that the properties of the dispersion strengthened deposit were uniform through its thickness, even in narrow, high aspect ratio structures. At elevated temperatures, the strength of the ODS-Ni was approximately three times greater than that of the baseline material although with a significant reduction in hot ductility.
New Research Further Strengthens Evidence of the Benefits of the Health Care Safety Net
Dow, William H.; Roby, Dylan H. `; Kominski, Gerald; Jacobs, Ken
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
expanding ISSUE BRIEF New Research Further Strengthens Evidence of the Benefits of the Health Care Safety Net
Visible Inequality, Status Competition and Conspicuous Consumption: Evidence from India
Bandyopadhyay, Antar
Visible Inequality, Status Competition and Conspicuous Consumption: Evidence from India Punarjit representative micro data from India. I ...nd that a decrease in the level of visible inequality, ceteris paribus in one's social status due to parallel action of others. From a policy perspective, my ...ndings
Inner approximations for polynomial matrix inequalities and robust stability regions
of feasible solutions is modelled by parametrized polynomial matrix inequalities (PMI). These feasibility sets are typically nonconvex. Given a parametrized PMI set, we provide a hierarchy of linear matrix inequality (LMI.g. [5] for a software implementation and examples, and see [6] for an application to PMI problems
Stable radial distortion calibration by polynomial matrix inequalities programming
Henrion, Didier
polynomials. Further, we show how to model these nonnegativities using polynomial matrix inequalities (PMI) and how to estimate the radial distortion parameters subject to PMI constraints using semidefinite to stabilize the shape of the distortion function. It is based on polynomial matrix inequalities (PMI
Concentration-of-measure inequalities Lecture notes by Gbor Lugosi
Beal, Matt J.
's inequalityX for ny nonnegtive rndom vrile XD nd t > 0D P{X ! t} EX t . sf follows from wrkov9s inequlity tht} = P{(X) ! (t)} E(X) (t) . en pplition of this with (x) = x2 is Chebyshev's inequalityX if X is n
What Drives the Public Mood of Income Inequality
Myers, Rebekah M
2014-08-13T23:59:59.000Z
on In co m e In eq ua lity , 1 97 1? 20 12 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 Year Figure 3.1: Public Mood on Income Inequality, 1971-2012 23 Table 3.1: Do Economic Factors Drive Public Mood Towards Income Inequality? Public Mood of Income Inequalityt?1 0.813 (0...
On Lyapunov Inequalities and Subsolutions for Efficient Importance Sampling
Leder, Kevin Z.
On Lyapunov Inequalities and Subsolutions for Efficient Importance Sampling By Jose Blanchet, Kevin Abstract In this paper we explain some connections between Lyapunov meth- ods and subsolutions of an associated Lyapunov inequality, have been re- cently proposed (see e.g. [12, 14]) and have been succesfully
On Lyapunov Inequalities and Subsolutions for Efficient Importance Sampling
Blanchet, Jose H.
On Lyapunov Inequalities and Subsolutions for Efficient Importance Sampling By Jose Blanchet, Peter Abstract In this paper we explain some connections between Lyapunov methods and subso- lutions, subsolutions can be derived by taking an appropriate limit of an associated Lyapunov inequality. They have been
Gray, Ian P
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This thesis examines how evolving norms of international climate change mitigation are translated into national forest governance policies and land management techniques in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). The ...
Omelicheva, Mariya Y.
2014-08-12T23:59:59.000Z
). President Bush and members of his administration prioritized the right to conduct free and fair elections. The Bush government, for example, hailed the ‘Tulip’ revolution in Kyrgyzstan that unseated the first Kyrgyz President Askar Akayev... as the two primary dimensions of democratization. Following the 2010 parliamentary elections in Kyrgyzstan, President Obama declared that an orderly and peaceful transfer of power in the Kyrgyz parliament was a hallmark of a ‘true democracy...
Managing low-level radioactive waste in a democratic society: Requirements and accommodations
Ortciger, T. [Illinois Dept. of Nuclear Safety, Springfield, IL (United States); Ayers, M. [Sangamon State Univ., Springfield, IL (United States)
1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z
This paper will focus on public policy needs to ensure the involvement of the general public in effective decision-making related to the handling of low-level radioactive waste. It highlights difficulties experienced in involving the public in siting low-level radioactive waste disposal facilities. It reviews the process recently developed by Illinois to locate a disposal facility and discusses that process`s potential as a general model for siting such facilities and involving citizens in a democratic fashion.
Chatziantoniou, Damianos
IN GREECE» ( ) Abstract Income inequality gains significance from its close relationship with social distribution in Greece utilizing alternative data sources and employing several statistic and econometric is the introduction. Chapter 2 presents a detailed literature review of income inequality in Greece. Data
A General Relativistic Generalization of Bell Inequality
Vladan Pankovic
2005-06-16T23:59:59.000Z
In this work a general relativistic generalization of Bell inequality is suggested. Namely,it is proved that practically in any general relativistic metric there is a generalization of Bell inequality.It can be satisfied within theories of local (subluminal) hidden variables, but it cannot be satisfied in the general case within standard quantum mechanical formalism or within theories of nonlocal (superluminal) hidden variables. It is shown too that within theories of nonlocal hidden variables but not in the standard quantum mechanical formalism a paradox appears in the situation when one of the correlated subsystems arrives at a Schwarzschild black hole. Namely, there is no way that black hole horizon obstructs superluminal influences between spin of the subsystem without horizon and spin of the subsystem within horizon,or simply speaking,there is none black hole horizon nor "no hair" theorem for subsystems with correlated spins. It implies that standard quantum mechanical formalism yields unique consistent and complete description of the quantum mechanical phenomenons.
Razzaghi, N
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We propose a phenomenological model of the Dirac neutrino mass matrix based on the Fridberg-Lee neutrino mass model at a special point. In this case, the Fridberg-Lee model reduces to the Democratic mass matrix with the $S_3$ permutation family symmetry. The Democratic mass matrix has an experimentally unfavored degenerate mass spectrum on the base of tribimaximal mixing matrix. We rescue the model to find a nondegenerate mass spectrum by adding the breaking mass term as preserving the twisted Fridberg-Lee symmetry. The tribimaximal mixing matrix can be also realized. Exact tribimaximal mixing leads to $\\theta_{13}=0$. However, the results from Daya Bay and RENO experiments have established a nonzero value for $\\theta_{13}$. Keeping the leading behavior of $U$ as tribimaximal, we use Broken Democratic neutrino mass model. We characterize a perturbation mass matrix which is responsible for a nonzero $\\theta_{13}$ along with CP violation, besides the solar neutrino mass splitting has been resulted from it. We c...
Process for strengthening aluminum based ceramics and material
Moorhead, Arthur J. (Knoxville, TN); Kim, Hyoun-Ee (Seoul, KR)
2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A process for strengthening aluminum based ceramics is provided. A gaseous atmosphere consisting essentially of silicon monoxide gas is formed by exposing a source of silicon to an atmosphere consisting essentially of hydrogen and a sufficient amount of water vapor. The aluminum based ceramic is exposed to the gaseous silicon monoxide atmosphere for a period of time and at a temperature sufficient to produce a continuous, stable silicon-containing film on the surface of the aluminum based ceramic that increases the strength of the ceramic.
Strengthening the Workforce in Better Buildings Neighborhoods (Text
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOriginEducationVideoStrategic Safety Goals Strategic Safety GoalsDepartment ofStrengthening
Human Ecology, Vol. 32, No. 3, June 2004 ( C 2004) Do Markets Worsen Economic Inequalities?
Gurven, Michael
Human Ecology, Vol. 32, No. 3, June 2004 ( C 2004) Do Markets Worsen Economic Inequalities? Kuznets,forexample,increasingincomeinequal- ities. The Kuznets hypothesis predicts that the link between income inequality and income (a proxy: economic inequality; Kuznets; Tsimane'; Bolivia; markets; globalization. INTRODUCTION Economic inequalities
THE EMERGENCE OF INEQUALITY IN SMALL-SCALE SOCIETIES: SIMPLE SCENARIOS AND AGENT-BASED SIMULATIONS
Smith, Eric Alden
institutionalized political and economic inequality--for most of our species' history. Non-egalitarian societies
Dynamics, space, and regional inequality in provincial China: A case study of Guangdong province
Wei, Yehua Dennis
that the policies toward inequality-reducing in Guangdong have been constrained by the geographical barriers
A remark on the role of indeterminism and non-locality in the violation of Bell’s inequalities
Sassoli de Bianchi, Massimiliano, E-mail: autoricerca@gmail.com
2014-03-15T23:59:59.000Z
Diederik Aerts was the first in the eighties to develop a concrete example of a macroscopic “classical” entity violating Bell’s inequalities (BI). In more recent years, he also developed a macroscopic model in which the amount of non-locality and indeterminism can be continuously varied, and used it to show that by increasing non-locality one increases the degree of violation of BI, whereas by increasing indeterminism one decreases the degree of violation of BI. In this article we introduce and analyze a different macroscopic model in which the amount of non-locality and indeterminism can also be parameterized, and therefore varied, and find that, in accordance with the model of Aerts, an increase of non-locality does produce a stronger violation of BI. However, differently from his model, we also find that, depending on the initial state in which the system is prepared, an increase of indeterminism can either strengthen or weaken the degree of violation of BI. -- Highlights: •There are macroscopic models that can violate Bell’s inequalities (BI). •We describe a model in which non-locality and indeterminism can be continuously varied. •An increase of non-locality produces a stronger violation of BI. •An increase of indeterminism can either produce a stronger or weaker violation of BI, depending on the initial state.
Entropic inequalities for noncomposite quantum systems realized by superconducting circuits
A. K. Fedorov; E. O. Kiktenko; O. V. Man'ko; V. I. Man'ko
2014-12-31T23:59:59.000Z
We study a class of entropic inequalities obtained for noncomposite quantum system realized by a many-level superconducting circuit. By using a mapping on bipartite quantum states, we consider possible realization schemes of various quantum logic gates for noncomposite quantum systems. In this framework, we discuss $\\log{N}$ entropic inequalities for Shannon and R\\'eniy entropies based on the quantum Fourier transform. Implementation of the quantum Fourier transform on a quantum processor based on many-level superconducting circuits opens a way for experimental verification of $\\log{N}$ entropic inequalities.
Calibration robust entanglement detection beyond Bell inequalities
Tobias Moroder; Oleg Gittsovich
2011-11-25T23:59:59.000Z
In its vast majority entanglement verification is examined either in the complete characterized or totally device independent scenario. The assumptions imposed by these extreme cases are often either too weak or strong for real experiments. Here we investigate this detection task for the intermediate regime where partial knowledge of the measured observables is known, considering cases like orthogonal, sharp or only dimension bounded measurements. We show that for all these assumptions it is not necessary to violate a corresponding Bell inequality in order to detect entanglement. We derive strong detection criteria that can be directly evaluated for experimental data and which are robust against large classes of calibration errors. The conditions are even capable of detecting bound entanglement under the sole assumption of dimension bounded measurements.
Schnoebelen, James M.
2010-08-31T23:59:59.000Z
This study analyzes Hillary Rodham Clinton's key speeches and debate performances during the 2008 Democrat presidential primary. Specifically, a rhetorical criticism of Clinton's discourse, utilizing Bitzer's "rhetorical ...
Rucci, A.
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
T. Takayama, 1966, Inequality restric¬ tions in regressionEstima¬ tion with Inequality Restrictions on Parameters: TheLiew, C . K . , 1976b, Inequality Constrained Least-Squares
A simple exact separation algorithm for 2-matching inequalities.
Julian Araoz
2007-11-07T23:59:59.000Z
Nov 7, 2007 ... ldc.usb.ve). Abstract: In this work we present an exact separation algorithm for the so called co-circuit inequalities, otherwise known as parity or ...
Sub-Riemannian isoperimetric inequalities on totally geodesic ...
Fabrice Baudoin
2015-01-28T23:59:59.000Z
Jan 29, 2015 ... The isoperimetric inequality writes for nice sets A. µ(A) ? Cisoµ(?A) n n?1 and the equality is achieved when A is a sphere. Ciso is called the ...
Net spaces and inequalities of Hardy-Littlewood type
Nursultanov, E D [Institute of Applied Mathematics National Academy of Sciences of Kazakhstan (Kazakhstan)
1998-04-30T23:59:59.000Z
The summability properties of trigonometric Fourier series in L{sub p}-spaces are studied. The estimates obtained can be treated in a certain sense as reverse Hardy-Littlewood inequalities.
AN ALGEBRAIC PROOF OF ZAK'S INEQUALITY FOR THE ...
inequality for the a-invariant a(R) of R as defined in terms of the local cohomology module ???(R) with support in the homogeneous maximal ideal m of R. This.
RIEMANN'S INEQUALITY AND RIEMANN-ROCH DONU ARAPURA
Arapura, Donu
of genus g. Riemann's inequality gives a sufficient condition to construct meromorphic functions is a finite formal sum D = npp with p X and np Z. We sometimes view this as sum over all points with np = 0
Wage inequality and the role of pre-market skills
Steinberger, Michael Douglas
2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This dissertation consists of three empirical studies, each using a measure of pre-market skills to examine an aspect of wage inequality in the U.S. labor market. Chapter One analyzes the factors associated with the change ...
A Markov-type inequality for arbitrary plane continua
1910-51-20T23:59:59.000Z
Dec 8, 2005 ... for all polynomials f. We prove a precise version of this inequality with an arbitrary continuum in the complex plane instead of the interval. [?1,1].
On the infimum convolution inequality and J. O. Wojtaszczyk
Latala, Rafal
study the infimum convolution inequalites. Such an inequality was first introduced by B. Maurey to give can be obtained from con- centration inequalites, and follow on to prove IC for the uniform measure
Development of oxide dispersion strengthened ferritic steels for fusion
Mukhopadhyay, D.K. [Vista Metals, Inc., McKeesport, PA (United States); Froes, F.H. [Univ. of Idaho, ID (United States); Gelles, D.S. [Pacific Northwest National Lab., Richland, WA (United States)
1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
An oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) ferritic steel with high temperature strength has been developed in line with low activation criteria for application in fusion power systems. The composition Fe-13.5Cr-2W-0.5Ti-0.25Y{sub 2}O{sup 3} was chosen to provide a minimum chromium content to insure fully delta-ferrite stability. High temperature strength has been demonstrated by measuring creep response of the ODS alloy in uniaxial tension at 650 and 900 C in an inert atmosphere chamber. Results of tests at 900 C demonstrate that this alloy has creep properties similar to other alloys of similar design and can be considered for use in high temperature fusion power system designs. The alloy selection process, materials production, microstructural evaluation and creep testing are described.
What Drives the Public Mood of Income Inequality
Myers, Rebekah M
2014-08-13T23:59:59.000Z
on Income Inequality Move Opinion? . . . 5 1.3.1 Presidential Agenda Setting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 1.3.2 Can the President Move Opinion? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 1.3.3 Strategic Presidential Rhetoric... Inequality Move Opinion? 1.3.1 Presidential Agenda Setting The president is elected with expectations that he will implement the policies he advocated for in his platform during his campaign. These issues have been strate- gically predetermined...
Quantum Fourier transform and tomographic Renyi entropic inequalities
M. A. Man'ko; V. I. Man'ko
2009-02-25T23:59:59.000Z
Renyi entropy associated with spin tomograms of quantum states is shown to obey to new inequalities containing the dependence on quantum Fourier transform. The limiting inequality for the von Neumann entropy of spin quantum states and a new kind of entropy associated with quantum Fourier transform are obtained. Possible connections with subadditivity and strong subadditivity conditions for tomographic entropies and von Neumann entropies are discussed.
The Democratic Window of Opportunity: Evidence from Riots in sub-Saharan Africa
Aidt, Toke S.; Leon, Gabriel
2014-07-11T23:59:59.000Z
Par- ticipation and Public Finance in 20th Century Latin America." European Journal of Political Economy 27(1), 181-200. 22 [6] Aidt, Toke S. and Facundo Albornoz, 2011. "Political Regimes and Foreign Inter- vention."Journal of Development Economics 94... causal way to democratic change has a long history in political economy, and has recently gained renewed cur- 5 rency through the work of Acemoglu and Robinson (2000, 2001, 2006) and Boix (2003). The formalization of this idea in the work by Acemoglu...
U.S. and EU Unite to Strengthen Economic Integration and Boost...
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
"The aim of strengthening growth and competitiveness, creating jobs and boosting productivity through innovation, lies at the heart of both the European economic agenda and of...
Asgharzadeh, H. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Tabriz, P.O. Box 51666-16471, Tabriz (Iran, Islamic Republic of)] [Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Tabriz, P.O. Box 51666-16471, Tabriz (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Kim, H.S. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Pohang University of Science and Technology, P.O. Box 790-784, Pohang (Korea, Republic of)] [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Pohang University of Science and Technology, P.O. Box 790-784, Pohang (Korea, Republic of); Simchi, A., E-mail: simchi@sharif.edu [Department of Materials Science and Engineering and Institute for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Sharif University of Technology, P.O. Box 11365-9466, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)
2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z
An ultrafine-grained Al6063/Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} (0.8 vol.%, 25 nm) nanocomposite was prepared via powder metallurgy route through reactive mechanical alloying and hot powder extrusion. Scanning electron microcopy, transmission electron microscopy, and back scattered electron diffraction analysis showed that the grain structure of the nanocomposite is trimodal and composed of nano-size grains (< 0.1 {mu}m), ultrafine grains (0.1-1 {mu}m), and micron-size grains (> 1 {mu}m) with random orientations. Evaluation of the mechanical properties of the nanocomposite based on the strengthening-mechanism models revealed that the yield strength of the ultrafine-grained nanocomposite is mainly controlled by the high-angle grain boundaries rather than nanometric alumina particles. Hot deformation behavior of the material at different temperatures and strain rates was studied by compression test and compared to coarse-grained Al6063 alloy. The activation energy of the hot deformation process for the nanocomposite was determined to be 291 kJ mol{sup -1}, which is about 64% higher than that of the coarse-grained alloy. Detailed microstructural analysis revealed that dynamic recrystallization is responsible for the observed deformation softening in the ultrafine-grained nanocomposite. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The strengthening mechanisms of Al6063/Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} nanocomposite were evaluated. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Hot deformation behavior of the nanocomposite was studied. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The hot deformation activation energy was determined using consecutive models. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The restoration mechanisms and microstructural changes are presented.
Geometric conditions for violation of Bell's inequality
Mendas, Istok P. [Institute of Physics, P. O. Box 57, 11001 Belgrad (Serbia and Montenegro)
2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
The geometric conditions for violation of Bell's inequality, in its original form dealing with a pair of spin one-half particles formed in the singlet spin state, are discussed. The parameters x{sub 1}, x{sub 2}, and x{sub 3} are introduced as the cosines of angles {theta}{sub ab}=angle(a,b), {theta}{sub ac}=angle(a,c), and {theta}{sub bc}=angle(b,c) between the unit vectors a, b, and c defining the orientation of the corresponding Stern-Gerlach magnets. A Monte Carlo experiment shows that in order to obtain violation, the three parameters must belong to a definite region in the parametric space that encompasses 1/3 of all possible triplets of unit vectors generated randomly from the isotropic distribution in the ordinary space. By introducing a measure of violation D{identical_to}|x{sub 1}-x{sub 2}|+x{sub 3}-1, it is found that 0{<=}D{<=}1/2 and that the maximal violation D=1/2 is obtained only in two isolated cases, when the relevant angles are {theta}{sub ab}=2{pi}/3, {theta}{sub ac}={theta}{sub bc}={pi}/3, or when {theta}{sub ab}={theta}{sub bc}={pi}/3, {theta}{sub ac}=2{pi}/3. In both cases the unit vectors a, b, and c are coplanar.
Hipp, John R
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
James W. 1990. "Ethnic Inequality and the Rate of Homicide."Blau. 1982. "The Cost of Inequality: Metropolitan StructureSociology 83:26-54. —. 1987. Inequality and Heterogeneity :
Positive maps, majorization, entropic inequalities, and detection of entanglement
Remigiusz Augusiak; Julia Stasi?ska
2009-07-09T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper, we discuss some general connections between the notions of positive map, weak majorization and entropic inequalities in the context of detection of entanglement among bipartite quantum systems. First, basing on the fact that any positive map $\\Lambda:M_{d}(\\mathbb{C})\\to M_{d}(\\mathbb{C})$ can be written as the difference between two completely positive maps $\\Lambda=\\Lambda_{1}-\\Lambda_{2}$, we propose a possible way to generalize the Nielsen--Kempe majorization criterion. Then we present two methods of derivation of some general classes of entropic inequalities useful for the detection of entanglement. While the first one follows from the aforementioned generalized majorization relation and the concept of the Schur--concave decreasing functions, the second is based on some functional inequalities. What is important is that, contrary to the Nielsen--Kempe majorization criterion and entropic inequalities, our criteria allow for the detection of entangled states with positive partial transposition when using indecomposable positive maps. We also point out that if a state with at least one maximally mixed subsystem is detected by some necessary criterion based on the positive map $\\Lambda$, then there exist entropic inequalities derived from $\\Lambda$ (by both procedures) that also detect this state. In this sense, they are equivalent to the necessary criterion $[I\\ot\\Lambda](\\varrho_{AB})\\geq 0$. Moreover, our inequalities provide a way of constructing multi--copy entanglement witnesses and therefore are promising from the experimental point of view. Finally, we discuss some of the derived inequalities in the context of recently introduced protocol of state merging and possibility of approximating the mean value of a linear entanglement witness.
Mobasher, Barzin
Monotonic and cyclic flexural behavior of plain concrete beams strengthened by fabric-cement based: Pultrusion, fabric, cement paste, cyclic, flexural, ductility, strengthening, concrete beam ABSTRACT notch sensitive. Textile fabrics have been recently developed as a new class of cement based materials
Page 1 of 19 Modelling of Reinforced Concrete Flexural Members Strengthened with Near-1
beams strengthened with various Near-Surface Mounted9 (NSM) Fibre-Reinforced Polymers (FRPPage 1 of 19 Modelling of Reinforced Concrete Flexural Members Strengthened with Near-1 Surface, flexure, glass,27 modeling, near-surface mounted, rebars, reinforced concrete beam, sheets, static,28
EIA and green procurement: Opportunities for strengthening their coordination
Uttam, Kedar, E-mail: kedar@kth.se [Department of Land and Water Resources Engineering, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm (Sweden); Faith-Ell, Charlotta, E-mail: charlotta.faith-ell@WSPGroup.se [WSP Sweden (Sweden); Balfors, Berit, E-mail: balfors@kth.se [Department of Land and Water Resources Engineering, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm (Sweden)
2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z
EIA plays an important role in enhancing the environmental performance of the construction sector. In recent years, the construction sector has been developing green procurement practices. Green procurement is a process that involves the incorporation of environmental requirements during the procurement of services and products. However, discussion on green procurement is rarely seen during the EIA phase. This paper addresses possible opportunities for improving the coordination between EIA and green procurement within the construction sector. The linking of EIA and green procurement has been postulated in the paper as an aid to strengthen the coordination between project planning and implementation. The paper is based on a literature review and is an outcome of an on-going research project concerning EIA and green procurement. This study indicated that it would be appropriate to introduce green procurement during the pre-decision phase of an EIA. In the present study, the opportunities for integrating green procurement at the stage of EIA are associated with the integration of project planning and EIA. Future research should investigate the mechanism through which the link can be established. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer This paper identifies opportunities to link EIA and green procurement. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Pre-decision phase of EIA could be appropriate for planning green procurement. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Future research should investigate the mechanism for establishing the link.
Oxide Dispersion Strengthened Iron Aluminide by CVD Coated Powders
Asit Biswas Andrew J. Sherman
2006-09-25T23:59:59.000Z
This I &I Category2 program developed chemical vapor deposition (CVD) of iron, aluminum and aluminum oxide coated iron powders and the availability of high temperature oxidation, corrosion and erosion resistant coating for future power generation equipment and can be used for retrofitting existing fossil-fired power plant equipment. This coating will provide enhanced life and performance of Coal-Fired Boilers components such as fire side corrosion on the outer diameter (OD) of the water wall and superheater tubing as well as on the inner diameter (ID) and OD of larger diameter headers. The program also developed a manufacturing route for readily available thermal spray powders for iron aluminide coating and fabrication of net shape component by powder metallurgy route using this CVD coated powders. This coating can also be applid on jet engine compressor blade and housing, industrial heat treating furnace fixtures, magnetic electronic parts, heating element, piping and tubing for fossil energy application and automotive application, chemical processing equipment , heat exchanger, and structural member of aircraft. The program also resulted in developing a new fabrication route of thermal spray coating and oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) iron aluminide composites enabling more precise control over material microstructures.
A taxonomy of descent algorithms for nonlinear programs and variational inequalities
Patriksson, Michael
A taxonomy of descent algorithms for nonlinear programs and variational inequalities Michael describes the problem and the choices of cost approximating mappings and merit functions. The taxonomy. Taxonomy, classification, nonlinear programs, variational inequalities, descent algo rithms, cost
Economic Growth, Poverty and Inequality: Indian Experience of Reforms and Development
Krivobokova, Tatyana
of Kuznets' (1955) hypothesis that income inequality increases during the early stages of development and decreases at later stages. Kuznets found an inverted U-shaped relation between income inequality and GNP per
Inequalities of Hardy–Sobolev Type in Carnot–Carathéodory Spaces
Donatel
2010-11-04T23:59:59.000Z
Abstract We consider various types of Hardy–Sobolev inequalities on a ... A celebrated inequality of S.L. Sobolev [49] states that for any 1
Labour's Record on Cash Transfers, Poverty, Inequality and the Lifecycle 1997 -2010
Banaji,. Murad
Labour's Record on Cash Transfers, Poverty, Inequality and the Lifecycle 1997 - 2010 John Hills ...................................................................................................................20 6. Outcomes: Poverty rates on the distribution of wealth, poverty, income inequality and spatial difference. The full programme of analysis
The Ford-Pfenning Quantum Inequalities(QI) Analysis applied to the Natario Warp Drive Spacetime.
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
The Ford-Pfenning Quantum Inequalities(QI) Analysis applied to the Natario Warp Drive Spacetime-called Quantum Inequalities(QI) that restricts the time we can observe the negative energy density.This time
Botea, Adi
INDONESIA'S DEMOCRATIC TRANSFORMATION Launch by Prof the Hon Gareth Evans, Chancellor, of Harold Crouch, Political Reform in Indonesia after Soeharto and Edward Aspinall and Marcus Mietzner (eds) Problems of Democratisation in Indonesia, College of Asia and the Pacific, Australian National University
Multipartite Bell-type Inequality by Generalizing Wigner's Argument
Dipankar Home; Debashis Saha; Siddhartha Das
2014-12-05T23:59:59.000Z
Wigner's argument inferring Bell-type inequality for the EPR-Bohm entangled state is generalized here for any N-partite state. This is based on assuming for the relevant dichotomic observables the existence of the overall joint probability distributions, satisfying the locality condition, that would yield the measurable marginal probabilities. For any N, such Generalized Wigner's Inequality (GWI) is violated by quantum mechanics for all pure entangled states. The e?cacy of GWI is probed, comparing with the Seevinck-Svetlichny multipartite Bell-type inequality, by calculating threshold visibilities for the quadripartite GHZ, Cluster andWstates that determine their respective robustness with respect to the quantum mechanical violation of GWI in the presence of white noise.
Coherent control and manifestation of inequality of forward and reversed processes in optics
V. A. Kuz'menko
2004-03-12T23:59:59.000Z
The experiments with broadband down-converted light clearly show inequality of forward and reversed processes in optics.
A Super-Additivity Inequality for Channel Capacity of Classical-Quantum Channels
Rahul Jain
2009-02-20T23:59:59.000Z
We show a super-additivity inequality for the channel capacity of classical-quantum (c - q) channels.
Some Thoughts on the Adaptive Function of Inequity Aversion: An Alternative to Brosnans Social
Santos, Laurie R.
and explore how it may have given rise to inequality-averse behavior in social settings. We conclude
The Modal Logic of Inequality Author(s): Maarten de Rijke
de Rijke, Maarten
on the relation of inequality.The proposal to consider the D-operator is due to several people independently
Tsirelson's bound from a Generalised Data Processing Inequality
Dahlsten, Oscar C O; Renner, Renato
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The strength of quantum correlations is bounded from above by Tsirelson's bound. We establish a connection between this bound and the fact that correlations between two systems cannot increase under local operations, a property known as the \\emph{data processing inequality}. More specifically, we consider arbitrary convex probabilistic theories. These can be equipped with an entropy measure that naturally generalizes the von Neumann entropy, as shown recently in [Short and Wehner]. We prove that if the data processing inequality holds with respect to this generalized entropy measure then the underlying theory necessarily respects Tsirelson's bound. We moreover generalise this statement to any entropy measure satisfying certain minimal requirements.
The Leggett-Garg inequality in electron interferometers
Clive Emary; Neill Lambert; Franco Nori
2012-10-09T23:59:59.000Z
We consider the violation of the Leggett-Garg inequality in electronic Mach-Zehnder inteferometers. This set-up has two distinct advantages over earlier quantum-transport proposals: firstly, the required correlation functions can be obtained without time-resolved measurements. Secondly, the geometry of an interferometer allows one to construct the correlation functions from ideal negative measurements, which addresses the non-invasiveness requirement of the Leggett-Garg inequality. We discuss two concrete realisations of these ideas: the first in quantum Hall edge-channels, the second in a double quantum dot interferometer.
The Impact of Trade on Wage Inequality in Developing Countries: Technology vs. Comparative Advantage
Bandyopadhyay, Antar
The Impact of Trade on Wage Inequality in Developing Countries: Technology vs. Comparative: Wages, Inequality, Trade, Technology Transfer First draft, 20.09.2014 Summary During the expansion of world trade since the 1980s, measures of inequality have risen not only in developed countries, but also
Inequality and the Dayton Tax-Budget Plan Jay Coggins and Dane Smith
Weiblen, George D
Inequality and the Dayton Tax-Budget Plan Jay Coggins and Dane Smith Department of Applied Economics University of Minnesota March 6, 2013 Jay Coggins and Dane Smith Inequality and the Dayton Tax Jay Coggins and Dane Smith Inequality and the Dayton Tax-Budget Plan #12;Size of chart needed for Ray
Unfair inequalities in health and health care Marc Fleurbaey and Erik Schokkaert
Nesterov, Yurii
2007/90 Unfair inequalities in health and health care Marc Fleurbaey and Erik Schokkaert #12;CORE DISCUSSION PAPER 2007/90 Unfair inequalities in health and health care Marc FLEURBAEY 1 and Erik SCHOKKAERT2 November2007 Abstract Inequalities in health and health care are caused by different factors. Measuring
Paris-Sud XI, UniversitÃ© de
Eur J Cancer. Author manuscript Page /1 5 Social inequalities in cancer incidence and cancer ( ). With regards to cancer risk, a first comprehensive review of socioeconomic inequalities was1 published by IARC in 1997 ( ). This review covered inequalities in cancer mortality, incidence and survival and discussed
Exponential inequalities for martingales and asymptotic properties of the free energy of
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Exponential inequalities for martingales and asymptotic properties of the free energy of directed exponential concentration inequalities for the free energy of directed polymers in random environment, show in terms of free energies of some multiplicative cascades, which improves an inequality of Comets
H Filtering with Inequality Constraints for Aircraft Turbofan Engine Health Estimation
Simon, Dan
, this paper shows how the inequality-constrained H filtering problem can be reduced to a standard quadratic programming problem; third, this paper shows how inequality-constrained H filtering can be applied inequality-constrained H filtering to estimate aircraft engine component efficiencies and flow capacities
Santerre, Rock
A Bayesian method for linear, inequality-constrained adjustment and its application to GPS 2005 Abstract. One of the typical approaches to linear, inequality-constrained adjustment (LICA be improved significantly and the new approach is feasible. Key words: Linear, inequality-constrained
H Filtering with Inequality Constraints for Aircraft Turbofan Engine Health Estimation
Simon, Dan
shows how inequality-constrained H filtering can be applied to aircraft engine health estimation the inequality-constrained H filter can be reduced to a standard H filter combined with a quadratic programming health parameter estimation. This paper applies inequality-constrained H filtering to estimate aircraft
A Gibbs sampler for inequality-constrained geostatistical interpolation and inverse modeling
Michalak, Anna M.
A Gibbs sampler for inequality-constrained geostatistical interpolation and inverse modeling Anna M. M. (2008), A Gibbs sampler for inequality-constrained geostatistical interpolation and inverse to inequality-constrained data and parameters. The approach is to be applicable with any variogram or covariance
Asymptotic distribution of inequality-restricted canonical correlation with application to tests for
Kuriki, Satoshi
Asymptotic distribution of inequality-restricted canonical correlation with application to tests Running Head: Inequality-restricted canonical correlation Address for correspondence: Satoshi Kuriki-way ordered contingency tables based on these models are devel- oped in a general framework of inequality-restricted
On some sharp spectral inequalities for Schrödinger operators on semi-axis
Pavel Exner; Ari Laptev; Muhammad Usman
2013-01-21T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper we obtain sharp Lieb-Thirring inequalities for a Schr\\"odinger operator on semi-axis with a matrix potential and show how they can be used to other related problems. Among them are spectral inequalities on star graphs and spectral inequalities for Schr\\"odinger operators on half-spaces with Robin boundary conditions.
Chemically strengthened protection glasses for the applications of space solar cells
Wang, H. F., E-mail: whf2008@dhu.edu.cn [College of Material Science and Engineering, Donghua University, 2999 North Renmin Road, Songjiang District, Shanghai 201620 (China); Xing, G. Z., E-mail: guozhong.xing@unsw.edu.au; Zhang, L.; Li, S. [School of Materials Science and Engineering, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales 2052 (Australia)] [School of Materials Science and Engineering, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales 2052 (Australia); Wang, X. Y. [Department of Civil Engineering, Northeast Dianli University, Jilin 132012 (China)] [Department of Civil Engineering, Northeast Dianli University, Jilin 132012 (China); Zhang, L. L. [Zhuhai College of Jilin University, Zhuhai, Guangdong, 519041 (China)] [Zhuhai College of Jilin University, Zhuhai, Guangdong, 519041 (China)
2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z
The effects of chemically strengthened processing and the ion beam irradiation on the mechanical characteristics of space solar cell protection glasses are investigated using dynamic mechanical analysis and micro hardness instrument; also the corresponding optical properties were analyzed by utilizing the UV/visible spectrophotometer. The results suggest that the flexural strength, fracture toughness and surface characteristics are enhanced via the chemical strengthening process. Importantly, such process has a trivial influence with ?0.2% degradation on the transparency of chemically strengthened glasses in the band range of 350 ? 1000 nm, while exhibits an excellent resistance on radiation damage by ion beams bombardment, demonstrating an outstanding durability in the space radiation environment.
Optimization on linear matrix inequalities for polynomial systems control
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Optimization on linear matrix inequalities for polynomial systems control Didier Henrion1,2 Draft Many problems of systems control theory boil down to solving polynomial equations, polynomial conclude this part with applications to optimal control (design of a trajectory optimal w.r.t. a given
Proceedings Article Differential Pricing with inequity aversion in social networks
Shamir, Ron
Proceedings Article Differential Pricing with inequity aversion in social networks Noga Alon, Tel the algorithmic problem of maximizing revenue in a network using differential pricing, where the prices offered pricing can be computed efficiently, even for arbitrary revenue functions. In contrast, we show
Kalman Filtering with Inequality Constraints for Turbofan Engine Health Estimation
Simon, Dan
Kalman Filtering with Inequality Constraints for Turbofan Engine Health Estimation ¤ Dan Simon, OH 44115 Cleveland, OH 44135 Abstract Kalman ¯lters are often used to estimate the state variables of a dynamic system. However, in the application of Kalman ¯lters some known signal information is often either
Backward stochastic variational inequalities under weak assumptions on the data
Maticiuc, Lucian; Zalinescu, Adrian
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The aim of this paper is to study the existence and uniqueness of the solution of the backward stochastic differential equations involving the subdifferential operator $\\partial\\varphi$ (also called backward stochastic variational inequalities): \\[ {\\begin{array} [c]{l}% -dY_{t}+\\partial\\varphi(Y_{t}) dt\
Multivariate extensions of the Golden-Thompson inequality
Frank Hansen
2014-07-02T23:59:59.000Z
We study concave trace functions of several operator variables and formulate and prove multivariate generalisations of the Golden-Thompson inequality. The obtained results imply that certain functionals in quantum statistical mechanics have bounds of the same form as they appear in classical physics.
Journal of Inequalities in Pure and Applied Mathematics
Tuan, Vu
heat source of the heat equation tu(x, t) = u(x, t) + f(t)(x), x Rn , t > 0 from the observation u(x0, t), 0 remote point x0 away from the support of . Under an a priori assumption of applications. Key words and phrases: Convolution, Heat source, Weighted convolution inequalities, Young
Economics 390 (Section 14) Poverty and Inequality in Advanced Societies
Sheridan, Jennifer
Economics 390 (Section 14) Poverty and Inequality in Advanced Societies Steven N. Durlauf and intertemporally. The course will have two textbooks as background: Gary Becker and Kevin Murphy, Social Economics in economics. Course lectures will not follow a textbook. They will consist of the instructor's development
Outsourcing and wage inequality in the home country
Hsu, Kuang-Chung
2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z
Happened to the Outsourcing Effect on Wage Inequality in the 1970s?” I find that, in the 1970s, white-collar workers’ wages deteriorated and blue-collar workers’ wages were non-decreasing. R&D workers always benefit from outsourcing. Except computers...
Convergent relaxations of polynomial matrix inequalities and static output feedback
Henrion, Didier
(LMI) relaxations to solve non-convex polynomial matrix in- equality (PMI) optimization problems minimizers that satisfy the PMI. The approach is successfully applied to PMIs arising from static output- mulated as polynomial matrix inequality (PMI) optimization problems in the controller parameters
Inequalities for low-energy symmetric nuclear matter
Dean Lee
2004-07-24T23:59:59.000Z
Using effective field theory we prove inequalities for the correlations of two-nucleon operators in low-energy symmetric nuclear matter. For physical values of operator coefficients in the effective Lagrangian, the S = 1, I = 0 channel correlations must have the lowest energy and longest correlation length in the two-nucleon sector. This result is valid at nonzero density and temperature.
Submanifolds of codimension two attaining equality in an extrinsic inequality
Tojeiro, Marcos Dajczer Ruy
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We provide a parametric construction in terms of minimal surfaces of the Euclidean submanifolds of codimension two and arbitrary dimension that attain equality in an inequality due to De Smet, Dillen, Verstraelen and Vrancken. The latter involves the scalar curvature, the norm of the normal curvature tensor and the length of the mean curvature vector.
Asymptotic and Bootstrap Inference for Inequality and Poverty Measures
Boyer, Edmond
Asymptotic and Bootstrap Inference for Inequality and Poverty Measures by Russell Davidson samples, although inference with poverty indices is satisfactory. We find that the major cause method in moderately large samples. JEL codes: C00, C15, I32 Key words: Income distribution, poverty
Karnauskas, Kristopher B.
Several recent studies utilizing global climate models predict that the Pacific Equatorial Undercurrent (EUC) will strengthen over the twenty-first century. Here, historical changes in the tropical Pacific are investigated ...
Netoff, Theoden
-increasing list of goods, services, and aesthetic values. RESOURCES: Extension's Center for Food, Agricultural agricultural and forestry practices that are economically and environmentally sustainable · Finding solutionsEXTENSION CENTER FOR FOOD, AGRICULTURAL AND NATURAL RESOURCE SCIENCES Strengthening Minnesota
U.S. Department of Energy and Qatar Sign Agreement to Strengthen...
Sign Agreement to Strengthen Cooperation on Clean Energy April 6, 2011 - 12:00am Addthis New York City - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the Qatar Science & Technology Park...
Seevinck, Michiel
Uffink. Utrecht University, the Netherlands. I: Bell inequality & Local commutativity Consider the well
Process for the synthesis of nanophase dispersion-strengthened aluminum alloy
Barbour, John C. (Albuquerque, NM); Knapp, James Arthur (Albuquerque, NM); Follstaedt, David Martin (Albuquerque, NM); Myers, Samuel Maxwell (Albuquerque, NM)
1998-12-15T23:59:59.000Z
A process for fabricating dispersion-strengthened ceramic-metal composites is claimed. The process comprises in-situ interaction and chemical reaction of a metal in gaseous form with a ceramic producer in plasma form. Such composites can be fabricated with macroscopic dimensions. Special emphasis is placed on fabrication of dispersion-strengthened aluminum oxide-aluminum composites, which can exhibit flow stresses more characteristic of high strength steel.
Sanjeevi, Sujeevraja
2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z
of these inequalities. First we introduce the mixed n-step mixed integer rounding (MIR) inequalities for a generalization of the mixing set which we refer to as the n-mixing set. The n-mixing set is a multi-constraint mixed integer set in which each constraint has n...
Inequalities for quantum channels assisted by limited resources
Vittorio Giovannetti
2005-07-04T23:59:59.000Z
The information capacities and ``distillability'' of a quantum channel are studied in the presence of auxiliary resources. These include prior entanglement shared between the sender and receiver and free classical bits of forward and backward communication. Inequalities and trade-off curves are derived. In particular an alternative proof is given that in the absence of feedback and shared entanglement, forward classical communication does not increase the quantum capacity of a channel.
Near-Optimal and Explicit Bell Inequality Violations
Harry Buhrman; Oded Regev; Giannicola Scarpa; Ronald de Wolf
2011-03-25T23:59:59.000Z
Bell inequality violations correspond to behavior of entangled quantum systems that cannot be simulated classically. We give two new two-player games with Bell inequality violations that are stronger, fully explicit, and arguably simpler than earlier work. The first game is based on the Hidden Matching problem of quantum communication complexity, introduced by Bar-Yossef, Jayram, and Kerenidis. This game can be won with probability~1 by a quantum strategy using a maximally entangled state with local dimension $n$ (e.g., $\\log n$ EPR-pairs), while we show that the winning probability of any classical strategy differs from 1/2 by at most $O(\\log n/\\sqrt{n})$. The second game is based on the integrality gap for Unique Games by Khot and Vishnoi and the quantum rounding procedure of Kempe, Regev, and Toner. Here $n$-dimensional entanglement allows to win the game with probability $1/(\\log n)^2$, while the best winning probability without entanglement is $1/n$. This near-linear ratio ("Bell inequality violation") is near-optimal, both in terms of the local dimension of the entangled state, and in terms of the number of possible outputs of the two players.
BK-type inequalities and generalized random-cluster representations
Berg, J van den
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Recently, van den Berg and Jonasson gave the first substantial extension of the BK inequality for non-product measures: they proved that, for k-out-of-n measures, the probability that two increasing events occur disjointly is at most the product of the two individual probabilities. We show several other extensions and modifications of the BK inequality.In particular, we prove that the antiferromagnetic Ising Curie-Weiss model satisfies the BK inequality for all increasing events. We prove that this also holds for the Curie-Weiss model with three-body interactions under the so-called Negative Lattice Condition. For the ferromagnetic Ising model we show that the probability that two events occur `cluster-disjointly' is at most the product of the two individual probabilities, and we give a more abstract form of this result for arbitrary Gibbs measures. The above cases are derived from a general abstract theorem whose proof is based on an extension of the Fortuin-Kasteleyn random-cluster representation for all pr...
The Political-Economic and Demographic Causes of Metropolitan Income Inequality and Its Components
Chen, XI
2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z
by standardizing pay among them within industrial units, e.g. plant, factory, or firm, but also equalize pay across units and reduce inequality by narrowing the earning gap between blue collar workers and highly paid professionals and executives. Furthermore... in various industrial and occupational categories. The most widely discussed demand-side factors 22 in studies on income inequality include industrial and occupational structure, size of the public sector, racial inequality caused by discrimination...
raSAT: SMT for Polynomial Inequality To Van Khanh and Mizuhito Ogawa
Ogawa, Mizuhito
that satisfies given polyno- mial inequality/equality. For instance, xy.-y2 +(x2 -1)y-1 > 0-x2 -y2 +4 > 0
Little, Stafford Dean
1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Dispersion Strengthened Aluminum-Iron-Vanadium-Silicon Alloy. (December 1991) Stafford Dean Little, B. S. , Texas A&M University Co-Chairs of Advisory Committee: Dr. M. N. Srinivasan Dr. A. Wolfenden A research program has been completed at Texas A...&M University in which the structure and properties of a rapidly solidified dispersion strengthened aluminum-iron- vanadium-silicon alloy were evaluated. A series of melt spun ribbons of FVS1212 (Fe- 11. 5%, V-1. 4%, Si-2. 2%, Al-bal) were produced...
DEFORMATION MECHANISMS AND DAMAGE OF OXIDE DISPERSION STRENGTHENED STEELS AT HIGH TEMPERATURE
Boyer, Edmond
alloy, an ODS ferritic steel produced by hot extrusion at CEA are presented. Its mechanical propertiesTech, 91003 Evry, France ABSTRACT A ferritic oxide dispersion strengthened steel is under study for fuel are suspected and intergranular damage is observed on fractured specimens. KEYWORDS ODS steels, high temperature
Hong, Soon Hyung
. Introduction Oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) ferritic/martens- itic steels have been investigated for high materials for the next generation of nuclear power plants [46]. The development of ODS ferritic properties of extruded and recrystallized Fe20%Cr ferritic ODS alloys have been characterized. Then
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
1 LOW ENERGYHIGH FLUX NITROGEN IMPLANTATION OF AN OXIDE- DISPERSION-STRENGTHENED Fe countercurrent diffusion of nitrogen and aluminium seems to proceed. As a result, segregation of -Fe is observed alloys, the nitridation of titanium aluminides have received most of the attention concerning
Predator diversity strengthens trophic cascades in kelp forests by modifying herbivore behaviour
Stachowicz, Jay
LETTER Predator diversity strengthens trophic cascades in kelp forests by modifying herbivore the consequences of changing predator diversity for trophic cascades in kelp forests. In field surveys we found that predator diversity was negatively correlated with herbivore abundance and positively correlated with kelp
SHEAR STRENGTHENING USING FRJ> SHEETS FOR A HIGHWAY BRIDGE IN MANITOHA, CANADA
SHEAR STRENGTHENING USING FRJ> SHEETS FOR A HIGHWAY BRIDGE IN MANITOHA, CANADA lIutchinson et al trucks demanded upgrading of a twenty-seven year old bridge in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. Analysis, Manitoba, Canada, is considering an upgrading of the Maryland bridge in response to the demand for using
Keeping the lead: How to strengthen shark conservation and management policies in Canada
Myers, Ransom A.
Keeping the lead: How to strengthen shark conservation and management policies in Canada Aurelie, Canada B3H 4J1 b WWF-Canada, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada B3J 1P3 a r t i c l e i n f o Article history: Biodiversity conservation Bycatch Canada Fisheries management Sharks Threatened species a b s t r a c
Fatigue and Overloading Behavior of SteelConcrete Composite Flexural Members Strengthened with High
strengthened with new high modulus carbon fiber-reinforced polymer HM CFRP materials. The behavior of the beams.1061/ ASCE 1090-0268 2007 11:6 659 CE Database subject headings: Fatigue; Composite materials; Fiber carbon FRP CFRP materials for the repair and strength- ening of steel bridges and structures. A number
Johnson, Cari
, course-work tracks that equip students for roles in industry, geological engineering, oil and mineralGeology and Geophysics: Building Partnerships Forging New Links and Strengthening Old Ones Builds. The Geology and Geophysics Department at the University of Utah has a long history of successful partnerships
Denham, Graham
conservation and management through the application of advanced weather modeling and smart grid technologiesThe Southern Ontario Smart Computing Consortium helps strengthen Canada's digital economy by providing a new innovation framework that helps solve critical challenges facing our cities, environment
Preliminary Thermography Studies for Quality Control of Concrete Structures Strengthened with
Entekhabi, Dara
Preliminary Thermography Studies for Quality Control of Concrete Structures Strengthened with Fiber at the substrate interface and within multi-ply systems. Infrared thermography is well suited for this purpose efficiently. Before infrared thermography can be developed into a standard methodology, however
STRENGTHENING OF CONCRETE ROOF USING CFRP STRIPS Emile Shehata, Sami Rizkalla .
-386 Broadway, Winnipeg, MB ABSTRACT Carbon Fibre Reinforced PlaStic (CFRP) strips were used for strengthening to one or a combination. of the following reasons: aging of structural elements, demand for increasing Control Centre, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. Changing industrial demand at this plant necessitated
Gilli, Adrian
Mid-Holocene strengthening of the Southern Westerlies in South America -- Sedimentological layers, a composite sedimentological record of almost 25 m was established covering the last ~16,000 cal yr. Sedimentological and petrophysical analysis of the cores revealed the establishment of a dominant
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Ford-Pfenning Quantum Inequalities(QI) in the Natario Warp Drive Spacetime using the Planck Length for the warp drive are the so-called Quantum Inequalities(QI) that restricts the time we can observe
Naffakh Moosavy, Homam, E-mail: homam_naffakh@iust.ac.ir [School of Metallurgy and Materials Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology (IUST), Tehran 16846-13114 (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Aboutalebi, Mohammad-Reza; Seyedein, Seyed Hossein [School of Metallurgy and Materials Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology (IUST), Tehran 16846-13114 (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Mapelli, Carlo [Dipartimento di Meccanica, Politecnico di Milano, Via La Massa 34, Milan 20156 (Italy)
2013-08-15T23:59:59.000Z
Dissimilar welding of ??- and ??-strengthened nickel-base superalloys has been investigated to identify the relationship between the microstructure of the welds and the resultant mechanical and weldability characteristics. ??-Strengthened nickel-base Alloy 500 and ??-strengthened nickel-base Alloy 718 were used for dissimilar welding. Gas tungsten arc welding operations were utilized for performing the autogenous dissimilar welding. Alloy 500 and Alloy 718 base metals showed various types of phases, carbides, intermetallics and eutectics in their microstructure. The results for Alloy 500 weld metal showed severe segregation of titanium to the interdendritic regions. The Alloy 718 weld metal compositional analysis confirmed the substantial role of Nb in the formation of low-melting eutectic-type morphologies which can reduce the weldability. The microstructure of dissimilar weld metal with dilution level of 65% wt.% displayed semi-developed dendritic structure. The less segregation and less formation of low-melting eutectic structures caused to less susceptibility of the dissimilar weld metal to the solidification cracking. This result was confirmed by analytic modeling achievements. Dissolution of ??-Ni{sub 3}Nb precipitations took place in the Alloy 718 heat-affected zone leading to sharp decline of the microhardness in this region. Remelted and resolidified regions were observed in the partially-melted zone of Alloy 500 and Alloy 718. Nevertheless, no solidification and liquation cracking happened in the dissimilar welds. Finally, this was concluded that dissimilar welding of ??- and ??-strengthened nickel-base superalloys can successfully be performed. - Highlights: • Dissimilar welding of ??- and ??-strengthened nickel-base superalloys is studied. • Microstructural, mechanical and weldability aspects of the welds are assessed. • Microstructure of welds, bases and heat-affected zones is characterized in detail. • The type, morphology and distribution of the phases are thoroughly investigated. • Dissimilar welding is successfully performed without occurrence of any hot cracks.
Quantum communication complexity advantage implies violation of a Bell inequality
Harry Buhrman; Lukasz Czekaj; Andrzej Grudka; Michal Horodecki; Pawel Horodecki; Marcin Markiewicz; Florian Speelman; Sergii Strelchuk
2015-02-03T23:59:59.000Z
We obtain a general connection between a quantum advantage in communication complexity and non-locality. We show that given any protocol offering a (sufficiently large) quantum advantage in communication complexity, there exists a way of obtaining measurement statistics which violate some Bell inequality. Our main tool is port-based teleportation. If the gap between quantum and classical communication complexity can grow arbitrarily large, the ratio of the quantum value to the classical value of the Bell quantity becomes unbounded with the increase in the number of inputs and outputs.
Economic Reforms and Gender-based Wage Inequality in the Presence of Factor Market Distortions
Bandyopadhyay, Antar
1 Economic Reforms and Gender-based Wage Inequality in the Presence of Factor Market Distortions-based wage inequality. The analysis finds that credit market reform and tariff reform produce favourable reforms, general equilibrium. JEL classifications: D50, J16, F21. The authors are thankful to Prof
WORKING PAPER N 2007 -12 Education inequalities and the Kuznets curves
Boyer, Edmond
WORKING PAPER N° 2007 - 12 Education inequalities and the Kuznets curves: a global perspective, human capital, economic history, Kuznets curve. PARIS-JOURDAN SCIENCES ECONOMIQUES LABORATOIRE D2011 #12;Education Inequalities and the Kuznets Curves: A Global Perspective Since 1870 Christian
RESEARCH QUESTIONS 1. Are there environmental inequities in the distribution of large
Hall, Sharon J.
facilities and their hazardous emissions in the Phoenix metropolitan area? 2. Do patterns of inequities inequities in Phoenix change as locations and amounts of industrial emissions shift in the decade between 1990 and 2000? METHODOLOGY We begin our analysis by calculating a Hazards Density Index (HDI) for each
Wisconsin at Madison, University of
Reforms CHRISTINA EWIG and GASTO´ N A. PALMUCCI * University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA Summary implementation. We examine the 2004 Chilean health reforms that sought to regulate private insurers, and measure their effects on gender and age inequality. We find that reforms intended to decrease these inequalities largely
A Generalization of the Entropy Power Inequality with Applications \\Lambda Ram Zamir and Meir Feder
Zamir, Ram
Gaussian vector with independent components becomes ``closer'' to Gaussianity after a linear transformation, where Power Inequality Consider the (joint) differentialentropy h(Ax), of a linear transformation y = AxA Generalization of the Entropy Power Inequality with Applications \\Lambda Ram Zamir and Meir Feder
A Non-linear Dynamical Systems' Proof of Kraft-McMillan Inequality and its Converse
Nithin Nagaraj
2007-10-31T23:59:59.000Z
In this short paper, we shall provide a dynamical systems' proof of the famous Kraft-McMillan inequality and its converse. Kraft-McMillan inequality is a basic result in information theory which gives a necessary and sufficient condition for the lengths of the codewords of a code to be uniquely decodable.
"To Have and Have Not" Migration, Remittances, Poverty and Inequality in Algeria
Boyer, Edmond
1 "To Have and Have Not" Migration, Remittances, Poverty and Inequality in Algeria David Margolis in Idjeur being twice as large as Nedroma. At the same time, they help reduce poverty by nearly 13 that the latter do not send money home. Keywords: Remittances, Migration, Poverty, Inequality, Algeria
Sanjeevi, Sujeevraja
2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z
13. [78] If conditions (2.5) hold, the inequality (n) nX j=1 nY l=j+1 (l 1) l yj + v (n) nY l=1 (l 1) l : (2.6) is facet-de ning for conv(Q1;n). The inequality (2.6) is referred to as the n-step MIR facet for Q1;n...
Ka?amajska, Agnieszka
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We derive inequality [\\int_{\\r} |f^{'}(x)|^ph(f(x))dx \\le (\\sqrt{p-1})^p\\int_{\\r}(\\sqrt{|f^{"}(x){\\cal T}_h(f(x))|})^ph(f(x))dx,] where $f$ belongs locally to Sobolev space $W^{2,1}$ and $f^{'}$ has bounded support. Here $h(...)$ is a given function and ${\\cal T}_h(...)$ is its given transform, it is independent of $p$. In case when $h\\equiv 1$ we retrieve the well known inequality: (\\int_{\\r} |f^{'}(x)|^pdx \\le (\\sqrt{p-1})^p \\int_{\\r}(\\sqrt{|f^{"}(x)f(x)|})^pdx.) Our inequalities have form similar to the classical second order Oppial inequalites. They also extend certain class of inequalities due to Mazya, used to obtain second order isoperimetric inequalities and capacitary estimates. We apply them to obtain new apriori estimates for nonlinear eigenvalue problems.
A new class of non-Shannon-type inequalities for entropies
Konstantin Makarychev; Yury Makarychev; Andrei Romashchenko; Nikolai Vereshchagin
2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Abstract. In this paper we prove a countable set of non-Shannon-type linear information inequalities for entropies of discrete random variables, i.e., information inequalities which cannot be reduced to the “basic ” inequality I(X: Y |Z) ? 0. Our results generalize the inequalities of Z. Zhang and R. Yeung (1998) who found the first examples of non-Shannon-type information inequalities. 1. Introduction. A central notion of information theory is Shannon’s entropy 1. Given a set of jointly distributed random variables x1,..., xn, we can consider entropies of all random variables H(xi), entropies of all pairs H(xi, xj), etc. (2 n ? 1 entropy values for all nonempty subsets of {x1,..., xn}). For every n-tuple of random variables we get a point in R 2n ?1, representing entropies of the given distribution.
A macro-realism inequality for opto-electro-mechanical systems
Neill Lambert; Robert Johansson; Franco Nori
2011-11-04T23:59:59.000Z
We show how to apply the Leggett-Garg inequality to opto-electro-mechanical systems near their quantum ground state. We find that by using a dichotomic quantum non-demolition measurement (via, e.g., an additional circuit-QED measurement device) either on the cavity or on the nanomechanical system itself, the Leggett-Garg inequality is violated. We argue that only measurements on the mechanical system itself give a truly unambigous violation of the Leggett-Garg inequality for the mechanical system. In this case, a violation of the Leggett-Garg inequality indicates physics beyond that of "macroscopic realism" is occurring in the mechanical system. Finally, we discuss the difficulties in using unbound non-dichotomic observables with the Leggett-Garg inequality.
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently AskedEnergyIssues DOE's NuclearSpurringSteam SystemsStrategic Programs4 E n E rgyB
Buck, R.F.
1994-05-10T23:59:59.000Z
An iron-based, corrosion-resistant, precipitation strengthened, martensitic steel essentially free of delta ferrite for use at high temperatures has a nominal composition of 0.05--0.1 C, 8--12 Cr, 1--5 Co, 0.5--2.0 Ni, 0.41--1.0 Mo, 0.1--0.5 Ti, and the balance iron. This steel is different from other corrosion-resistant martensitic steels because its microstructure consists of a uniform dispersion of fine particles, which are very closely spaced, and which do not coarsen at high temperatures. Thus at high temperatures this steel combines the excellent creep strength of dispersion-strengthened steels, with the ease of fabricability afforded by precipitation hardenable steels. 2 figures.
Buck, Robert F. (N. Huntingdon, PA)
1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
An iron-based, corrosion-resistant, precipitation strengthened, martensitic steel essentially free of delta ferrite for use at high temperatures has a nominal composition of 0.05-0.1 C, 8-12 Cr, 1-5 Co, 0.5-2.0 Ni, 0.41-1.0 Mo, 0.1-0.5 Ti, and the balance iron. This steel is different from other corrosion-resistant martensitic steels because its microstructure consists of a uniform dispersion of fine particles, which are very closely spaced, and which do not coarsen at high temperatures. Thus at high temperatures this steel combines the excellent creep strength of dispersion-strengthened steels, with the ease of fabricability afforded by precipitation hardenable steels.
Method of producing an oxide dispersion strengthened coating and micro-channels
Kang, Bruce S; Chyu, Minking K; Alvin, Mary Anne; Gleeson, Brian M
2013-12-17T23:59:59.000Z
The disclosure provides a method for the production of composite particles utilizing a mechano chemical bonding process following by high energy ball milling on a powder mixture comprised of coating particles, first host particles, and second host particles. The composite particles formed have a grain size of less than one micron with grains generally characterized by a uniformly dispersed coating material and a mix of first material and second material intermetallics. The method disclosed is particularly useful for the fabrication of oxide dispersion strengthened coatings, for example using a powder mixture comprised of Y.sub.2O.sub.3, Cr, Ni, and Al. This particular powder mixture may be subjected to the MCB process for a period generally less than one hour following by high energy ball milling for a period as short as 2 hours. After application by cold spraying, the composite particles may be heat treated to generate an oxide-dispersion strengthened coating.
Friction stir welding and processing of oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) alloys
Ren, Weiju
2014-11-11T23:59:59.000Z
A method of welding including forming a filler material of a first oxide dispersoid metal, the first oxide dispersoid material having first strengthening particles that compensate for decreases in weld strength of friction stir welded oxide dispersoid metals; positioning the filler material between a first metal structure and a second metal structure each being comprised of at least a second oxide dispersoid metal; and friction welding the filler material, the first metal structure and the second metal structure to provide a weld.
Local Thermal Equilibrium States and Quantum Energy Inequalities
Jan Schlemmer; Rainer Verch
2008-02-15T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper we investigate the energy distribution of states of a linear scalar quantum field with arbitrary curvature coupling on a curved spacetime which fulfill some local thermality condition. We find that this condition implies a quantum energy inequality for these states, where the (lower) energy bounds depend only on the local temperature distribution and are local and covariant (the dependence of the bounds other than on temperature is on parameters defining the quantum field model, and on local quantities constructed from the spacetime metric). Moreover, we also establish the averaged null energy condition (ANEC) for such locally thermal states, under growth conditions on their local temperature and under conditions on the free parameters entering the definition of the renormalized stress-energy tensor. These results hold for a range of curvature couplings including the cases of conformally coupled and minimally coupled scalar field.
Oakes, Timothy Andrew
1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
of the interior. According to ASTM, the residual surface compression of tempered glass is defined to have a value of 10, 000 psi (68. 95 MPa) while heat-strengthened glass has residual compressive stresses greater than 3, 500 psi (24. 13 MPa) but less than 10..., 000 psi (68. 95 MPa) (ASTM, 1989). These residual surface compressive stresses must be overcome by mechanical stresses before the glass surfaces experience tension. Hence heat-strengthened and tempered glass are considerably stronger than annealed...
Case studies for the multilinear Kakeya theorem andWolff-type inequalities
Kinnear, George
2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
This thesis is concerned with two different problems in harmonic analysis: the multilinear Kakeya theorem, and Wolff-type inequalities for paraboloids. Chapter 1 gives an overview of both of these problems. In Chapter ...
Distribution and Process of Environmental Inequity in the Brazos Valley, Texas
Hanchett, Chelsea
2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z
Lower income and minority communities have long borne an unequal burden of toxic pollution from environmental hazards. I examined environmental inequity, the unequal distribution of environmental hazards in minority and ...
Slaying the Inequality Villain in School Finance: Is the Right to Education the Silver Bullet?
Darby, Derrick; Levy, Richard E.
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This article, part of a symposium on Educational Reform in the 21st Century, considers the relationship between the recognition of a right to education and the amelioration of educational inequalities. As currently understood and implemented...
Second Law-Like Inequalities with Quantum Relative Entropy: An Introduction
Sagawa, Takahiro
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We review the basic properties of the quantum relative entropy for finite-dimensional Hilbert spaces. In particular, we focus on several inequalities that are related to the second law of thermodynamics, where the positivity and the monotonicity of the quantum relative entropy play key roles; these properties are directly applicable to derivations of the second law (e.g., the Clausius inequality). Moreover, the positivity is closely related to the quantum fluctuation theorem, while the monotonicity leads to a quantum version of the Hatano-Sasa inequality for nonequilibrium steady states. Based on the monotonicity, we also discuss the data processing inequality for the quantum mutual information, which has a similar mathematical structure to that of the second law. Moreover, we derive a generalized second law with quantum feedback control. In addition, we review a proof of the monotonicity in line with Petz.
Testing tripartite Mermin inequalities by spectral joint-measurements of qubits
Huang, J S; Wei, L F
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
It is well known that Bell inequality supporting the local realism can be violated in quantum mechanics. Numerous tests of such a violation have been demonstrated with bipartite entanglements. Using spectral jointmeasurements of the qubits, we here propose a scheme to test the tripartite Mermin inequality (a three-qubit Bell-type inequality) with three qubits dispersively-coupled to a driven cavity. First, we show how to generate a three-qubit Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger (GHZ) state by only one-step quantum operation. Then, spectral joint-measurements are introduced to directly confirm such a tripartite entanglement. Assisted by a series of single-qubit operations, these measurements are further utilized to test the Mermin inequality. The feasibility of the proposal is robustly demonstrated by the present numerical experiments.
Galtchouk, Leonid
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
An adaptive nonparametric estimation procedure is constructed for the estimation problem of heteroscedastic regression when the noise variance depends on the unknown regression. A non-asymptotic upper bound for a quadratic risk (an oracle inequality) is constructed.
Sharp non-asymptotic oracle inequalities for nonparametric heteroscedastic regression models
Galtchouk, Leonid
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
An adaptive nonparametric estimation procedure is constructed for heteroscedastic regression when the noise variance depends on the unknown regression. A non-asymptotic upper bound for a quadratic risk (oracle inequality) is obtained
The Decline in Inequality In Brazil, 2003-2009: The Role Of The State
Souza, Pedro H.G.F.
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
=1817238. Vaz, D. V, and R. Hoffmann. 2007. “Remuneração NosTornarolli 2011; Rodolfo Hoffmann 1973; Soares 2006a). Part605. doi:10.2307/2657258. Hoffmann, R. 2003. “Inequality in
Cryptographic security of the quantum key distribution from the triangle inequality
Pawel Kurzynski; Marcin Markiewicz; Dagomir Kaszlikowski
2014-09-22T23:59:59.000Z
We show that the Csiszar-Korner sufficient condition for secure cryptographic key generation with the help of quantum theory can be easily derived using the triangle inequality for an information-theoretic distance.
Mathematical Inequalities: A Perspective. By P. Cerone and S. S. Dragomir. CRC Press, Boca
Muldoon, Martin E.
Mathematical Inequalities: A Perspective. By P. Cerone and S. S. Dragomir. CRC Press, Boca Raton such conference was held in Noszvaj, Hungary in 2007 [3]. See also the proceedings of the 1987 Birmingham
An extension of Markov's Inequality Let E be a connected compact ...
An extension of Markov's Inequality. Let E be a connected compact set of logarithmic capacity 1 in the complex. plane. Is it true that for every polynomial P of ...
Postdoctoral positions opening The Center for the Study of Social Stratification and Inequality
Keinan, Alon
from various viewpoints. In addition, the CSSI conducts comparative studies of absolute poverty with the Stanford Center for the Study of Poverty and Inequality. Applicants should hold doctoral degrees or show
On the infimum convolution inequality *yz R. Lata_laxand J. O. Wojtaszczyk{
Latala, Rafal
inequalites. Such an inequality was first introduced by B. Maurey to give the optimal concen. We show how such an optimal result can be obtained from con- centration inequalites, and follow
On the infimum convolution inequality #+# R. Latala and J. O. Wojtaszczyk
Latala, Rafal
we study the infimum convolution inequalites. Such an inequality was first introduced by B. Maurey can be obtained from conÂ centration inequalites, and follow on to prove IC for the uniform measure
The processes of industrial gold mining and inequality: a Ghanaian case study
Gawor, Natalie
2011-11-24T23:59:59.000Z
The research examined how inequality manifests itself through the processes of industrial gold mining using a case study of Newmont Mining Corporations’ Ahafo Gold Mine in Ghana. The pursuit of neoliberal development and ...
Lyapunov functions for evolution variational inequalities with locally prox-regular sets
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Lyapunov functions for evolution variational inequalities with locally prox-regular sets Abderrahim criterion for Lyapunov pairs of this dynamical system and some results on the asymptotic behaviour - Uniformly prox-regular set - Hypomonotonicity - Lyapunov pair - Asymptotic behaviour. Mathematics Subject
A TEM quantitative evaluation of strengthening in an Mg-RE alloy reinforced with SiC
Cabibbo, Marcello, E-mail: m.cabibbo@univpm.it; Spigarelli, Stefano
2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z
Magnesium alloys containing rare earth elements are known to have high specific strength, good creep and corrosion resistance up to 523 K. The addition of SiC ceramic particles strengthens the metal matrix composite resulting in better wear and creep resistance while maintaining good machinability. The role of the reinforcement particles in enhancing strength can be quantitatively evaluated using transmission electron microscopy (TEM). This paper presents a quantitative evaluation of the different strengthening contributions, determined through TEM inspections, in an SiC Mg-RE composite alloy containing yttrium, neodymium, gadolinium and dysprosium. Compression tests at temperatures ranging between 290 and 573 K were carried out. The microstructure strengthening mechanism was studied for all the compression conditions. Strengthening was compared to the mechanical results and the way the different contributions were combined is also discussed and justified. - Research Highlights: {yields} TEM yield strengthening terms evaluation on a Mg-RE SiC alloy. {yields} The evaluation has been extended to different compression temperature conditions. {yields} Linear and Quadratic sum has been proposed and validated. {yields} Hall-Petch was found to be the most prominent strengthening contributions.
Global economic changes and income inequality: a test of four competing models
Morris, Theresa Marie
1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
GLOBAL ECONOMIC CHANGES AND INCOME INEQUALITY: A TEST OF FOUR COMPETING MODELS A Thesis by THERESA MARK MORRIS Submitted to the OIEce of Graduate Studies of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1996 Major Subject: Sociology GLOBAL ECONOMIC CHANGES AND INCOME INEQUALITY: A TEST OF FOUR COMPETING MODELS A Thesis by THERESA MARIE MORRIS Submitted to Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements...
Energy inequalities for a model of wave propagation in cold plasma
Thomas H. Otway
2007-09-10T23:59:59.000Z
Energy inequalities are derived for an elliptic-hyperbolic operator arising in plasma physics. These inequalities imply the existence of distribution and weak solutions to various closed boundary-value problems. An existence theorem is proven for a related class of Keldysh equations, and the failure of expected methods for obtaining uniqueness is discussed. The proofs use ideas recently introduced by Lupo, Morawetz, and Payne for a generalized Tricomi operator. The existence of strong solutions under open boundary conditions is also proven.
Process of welding gamma prime-strengthened nickel-base superalloys
Speigel, Lyle B.; White, Raymond Alan; Murphy, John Thomas; Nowak, Daniel Anthony
2003-11-25T23:59:59.000Z
A process for welding superalloys, and particularly articles formed of gamma prime-strengthened nickel-base superalloys whose chemistries and/or microstructures differ. The process entails forming the faying surface of at least one of the articles to have a cladding layer of a filler material. The filler material may have a composition that is different from both of the articles, or the same as one of the articles. The cladding layer is machined to promote mating of the faying surfaces, after which the faying surfaces are mated and the articles welded together. After cooling, the welded assembly is free of thermally-induced cracks.
Strengthening behavior of chopped multi-walled carbon nanotube reinforced aluminum matrix composites
Shin, S.E.; Bae, D.H., E-mail: donghyun@yonsei.ac.kr
2013-09-15T23:59:59.000Z
Strengthening behavior of the aluminum composites reinforced with chopped multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) or aluminum carbide formed during annealing at 500 °C has been investigated. The composites were fabricated by hot-rolling the powders which were ball-milled under various conditions. During the early annealing process, aluminum atoms can cluster inside the tube due to the diffusional flow of aluminum atoms into the tube, providing an increase of the strength of the composite. Further annealing induces the formation of the aluminum carbide phase, leading to an overall drop in the strength of the composites. While the strength of the composites can be evaluated according to the rule of mixture, a particle spacing effect can be additionally imparted on the strength of the composites reinforced with the chopped MWCNTs or the corresponding carbides since the reinforcing agents are smaller than the submicron matrix grains. - Highlights: • Strengthening behavior of chopped CNT reinforced Al-based composites is investigated. • Chopped CNTs have influenced the strength and microstructures of the composites. • Chopped CNTs are created under Ar- 3% H2 atmosphere during mechanical milling. • Strength can be evaluated by the rule of the mixture and a particle spacing effect.
New data strengthen the connection between Short Range Correlations and the EMC effect
O. Hen; E. Piasetzky; L. B. Weinstein
2012-04-10T23:59:59.000Z
Recently published measurements of the two nucleon short range correlation ($NN$-SRC) scaling factors, $a_2(A/d)$, strengthen the previously observed correlation between the magnitude of the EMC effect measured in electron deep inelastic scattering at $0.35\\le x_B\\le 0.7$ and the SRC scaling factor measured at $x_B \\ge 1$. The new results have improved precision and include previously unmeasured nuclei. The measurements of $a_2(A/d)$ for $^9$Be and $^{197}$Au agree with published predictions based on the EMC-SRC correlation. This paper examines the effects of the new data and of different corrections to the data on the slope and quality of the EMC-SRC correlation, the size of the extracted deuteron IMC effect, and the free neutron structure function. The results show that the linear EMC-SRC correlation is robust and that the slope of the correlation is insensitive to most combinations of corrections examined in this work. This strengthens the interpretation that both $NN$-SRC and the EMC effect are related to high momentum nucleons in the nucleus.
Global Inequality in Energy Consumption from 1980 to 2010
Lawrence, Scott; Yakovenko, Victor M
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We study the global probability distribution of energy consumption per capita around the world using data from the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) for 1980-2010. We find that the Lorenz curves have moved up during this time period, and the Gini coefficient G has decreased from 0.66 in 1980 to 0.55 in 2010, indicating a decrease in inequality. The global probability distribution of energy consumption per capita in 2010 is close to the exponential distribution with G=0.5. We attribute this result to the globalization of the world economy, which mixes the world and brings it closer to the state of maximal entropy. We argue that global energy production is a limited resource that is partitioned among the world population. The most probable partition is the one that maximizes entropy, thus resulting in the exponential distribution function. A consequence of the latter is the law of 1/3: the top 1/3 of the world population consumes 2/3 of produced energy. We also find similar results for the global pro...
Sakamoto, Arthur; Kim, ChangHwan
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Is the trend towards rising earnings inequality associated with increased exploitation? The authors investigate exploitation among workers using data for manufacturing industries. Defined as the underpayment of earnings ...
inequality path inequality path
Skogestad, Sigurd
F #12; Â¡ Â¡ Â¨ Â£ Â¢ Â¥Â¢ Â¡ Â¡Â¢ Â¡ Â£ Â£ Â¤ Â¢ Â© Â¤ Â¥ Â¦Â¨Â§ Â¢ Â¤ Â© Â£ Â¢ Â¡ Â¤ Â¡ Â¤ Â¢ Â© Â¢ Â¤ Â¤ Â£ Â¤ Â¢ Â¡ Â¦ S-PVC; Â¡Â¢ Â¦ Â£Â¤ Â¦ Â¤ Â¤ Â¡ Â¢ Â¤ Â¢ Â© Â¡ Â¢ Â¦ Â¡ Â¢ Â¥ Â© Â§ Â¢ Â£Â¤ Â© Â¡ Â¡Â¢ Â¡ Â£ Â§Â¨ Â¨ $ S-PVC suspension F TC Theat 90C 50C o o (ii) (i) Fsteam cw Â§Â¨ Â¨ $ $ S-PVC suspension TC T 50C o susp F Fcw steam Â§Â¨ Â¨ $ $ $ S-PVC suspension TC T 50C o susp z=0 Fsteam Fcw #12
Friction Stir Welding Of Ma957 Oxide Dispersion Strengthened Ferritic Steel
Howard, Stanley M.; Jasthi, Bharat K.; Arbegast, William J.; Grant, Glenn J.; Koduri, Santhosh K.; Herling, Darrell R.; Gelles, David S.
2005-04-02T23:59:59.000Z
A 1-in. (25.4 mm) diameter yttria-dispersion-strengthened MA957 ferritic steel alloy tube with a 0.125" (3.18 mm) wall thickness was successfully plasticized by friction stir welding. The pin tool was a W-Re tool with 0.125" (3.17 mm) diameter tip. It showed no discernable wear for the total 12" (305 mm) of weld. Weld conditions were 1000 and 1400 RPM, 4 in/min (101 mm/min), with and without preheating to 135ºC. Metallographic analysis of the post friction-stir welded material showed a decrease in material hardness to 225±22 HV compared to the parent material at 373±21 HV. All weld conditions produced plasticization; however, improved plasticization was observed for preheated samples
Jang, Jae-il [Hanyang University, Korea; Shim, Sang Hoon [ORNL; Komazaki, Shin-ichi [Muroran Institute of Technology, Japan; Honda, Tetsuya [Muroran Institute of Technology, Japan
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Nanoindentation experiments and microstructural analysis were performed on advanced 12% Cr ferritic steel having extremely fine and complex martensitic microstructures, to answer unsolved questions on the contributions of grain boundaries to strengthening and aging degradation mechanisms in both as-tempered and thermally aged steels. Interesting features of the experimental results led us to suggest that among several high angle boundaries, block boundary is most effective in enhancing the macroscopic strength in as-tempered virgin sample, and that a decrease in matrix strength rather than reduction in grain-boundary strengthening effect is primarily responsible for the macroscopic softening behavior observed during thermal exposure.
Dvoretzky--Kiefer--Wolfowitz Inequalities for the Two-sample Case
Wei, Fan
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The Dvoretzky--Kiefer--Wolfowitz (DKW) inequality says that if $F_n$ is an empirical distribution function for variables i.i.d.\\ with a distribution function $F$, and $K_n$ is the Kolmogorov statistic $\\sqrt{n}\\sup_x|(F_n-F)(x)|$, then there is a finite constant $C$ such that for any $M>0$, $\\Pr(K_n>M) \\leq C\\exp(-2M^2).$ Massart proved that one can take C=2 (DKWM inequality) which is sharp for $F$ continuous. We consider the analogous Kolmogorov--Smirnov statistic $KS_{m,n}$ for the two-sample case and show that for $m=n$, the DKW inequality holds with C=2 if and only if $n\\geq 458$. For $n_0\\leq n2$ depending on $n_0$. For $m\
The Golden-Thompson inequality: Historical aspects and random matrix applications
Forrester, Peter J., E-mail: p.forrester@ms.unimelb.edu.au; Thompson, Colin J. [Department of Mathematics and Statistics, The University of Melbourne, Victoria 3010 (Australia)] [Department of Mathematics and Statistics, The University of Melbourne, Victoria 3010 (Australia)
2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z
The Golden-Thompson inequality, Tr?(e{sup A+B}) ? Tr?(e{sup A}e{sup B}) for A, B Hermitian matrices, appeared in independent works by Golden and Thompson published in 1965. Both of these were motivated by considerations in statistical mechanics. In recent years the Golden-Thompson inequality has found applications to random matrix theory. In this article, we detail some historical aspects relating to Thompson's work, giving in particular a hitherto unpublished proof due to Dyson, and correspondence with Pólya. We show too how the 2 × 2 case relates to hyperbolic geometry, and how the original inequality holds true with the trace operation replaced by any unitarily invariant norm. In relation to the random matrix applications, we review its use in the derivation of concentration type lemmas for sums of random matrices due to Ahlswede-Winter, and Oliveira, generalizing various classical results.
The Golden-Thompson inequality --- historical aspects and random matrix applications
Peter J. Forrester; Colin J. Thompson
2014-08-09T23:59:59.000Z
The Golden-Thompson inequality, ${\\rm Tr} \\, (e^{A + B}) \\le {\\rm Tr} \\, (e^A e^B)$ for $A,B$ Hermitian matrices, appeared in independent works by Golden and Thompson published in 1965. Both of these were motivated by considerations in statistical mechanics. In recent years the Golden-Thompson inequality has found applications to random matrix theory. In this survey article we detail some historical aspects relating to Thompson's work, giving in particular an hitherto unpublished proof due to Dyson, and correspondence with P\\'olya. We show too how the $2 \\times 2$ case relates to hyperbolic geometry, and how the original inequality holds true with the trace operation replaced by any unitarily invariant norm. In relation to the random matrix applications, we review its use in the derivation of concentration type lemmas for sums of random matrices due to Ahlswede-Winter, and Oliveira, generalizing various classical results.
Sudden violation of the CHSH inequality in a two qubits system
Mazzola, Laura
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
I study the dynamics of the violation of the CHSH inequality for two qubits interacting with a common zero-temperature non-Markovian environment. I demonstrate sudden violation of the inequality for two qubits initially prepared in a factorized state. Due to the strong coupling between the qubits and the reservoir, the dynamics is characterized by numerous sharp revivals. Furthermore I focus on a more realistic physical system in which the spontaneous emission for the qubits is taken into account. When including spontaneous emission even for small decay parameters, revivals in the violation are heavily damped out. If the decay rates exceed a certain threshold, the inequality turns out to be always satisfied.
Sudden violation of the CHSH inequality in a two qubits system
Laura Mazzola
2010-02-04T23:59:59.000Z
I study the dynamics of the violation of the CHSH inequality for two qubits interacting with a common zero-temperature non-Markovian environment. I demonstrate sudden violation of the inequality for two qubits initially prepared in a factorized state. Due to the strong coupling between the qubits and the reservoir, the dynamics is characterized by numerous sharp revivals. Furthermore I focus on a more realistic physical system in which the spontaneous emission for the qubits is taken into account. When including spontaneous emission even for small decay parameters, revivals in the violation are heavily damped out. If the decay rates exceed a certain threshold, the inequality turns out to be always satisfied.
A generalization of the Entropy Power Inequality to Bosonic Quantum Systems
Giacomo De Palma; Andrea Mari; Vittorio Giovannetti
2015-05-07T23:59:59.000Z
In most communication schemes information is transmitted via travelling modes of electromagnetic radiation. These modes are unavoidably subject to environmental noise along any physical transmission medium and the quality of the communication channel strongly depends on the minimum noise achievable at the output. For classical signals such noise can be rigorously quantified in terms of the associated Shannon entropy and it is subject to a fundamental lower bound called entropy power inequality. Electromagnetic fields are however quantum mechanical systems and then, especially in low intensity signals, the quantum nature of the information carrier cannot be neglected and many important results derived within classical information theory require non-trivial extensions to the quantum regime. Here we prove one possible generalization of the Entropy Power Inequality to quantum bosonic systems. The impact of this inequality in quantum information theory is potentially large and some relevant implications are considered in this work.
Bourke, Mary C.
inequalityT (in contrast to the more blatant, traditional forms) as the denial of continued discrimination
Research Summary A review of urban health, health inequalities and the role of urban forestry of Melbourne, Australia, to carry out a literature review of the role of urban forestry and its potential and health inequalities and identified the links between urban forestry and health in urban populations
Shigekawa, Ichiro
The Meyer inequality for the Ornstein-Uhlenbeck operator in L1 and probabilistic) ABSTRACT We discuss the Meyer inequality for the Ornstein-Uhlenbeck operator in L1. The Doob type introduce several kinds of norms in the Sobolev space. The equivale* *nce of norms is important and Meyer
Paris-Sud XI, UniversitÃ© de
Long Term Dynamics of Inequalities between French Households concerning Automobile COLLET, Roger TERM DYNAMICS OF INEQUALITIES BETWEEN FRENCH HOUSEHOLDS CONCERNING AUTOMOBILE Roger Collet, INRETS of automobile. As the curves representing car ownership (number of cars per adult) and car use (annual mileage
Svetlichny's inequality and genuine tripartite nonlocality in three-qubit pure states
Rungta, Pranaw
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The violation of the Svetlichny's inequality [Phys. Rev. D 35, 3066 (1987)] is sufficient but not necessary for genuine tripartite nonlocal correlations. Here we quantify the relationship between tripartite entanglement and the maximum expectation value of the Svetlichny operator (which is bounded from above by the inequality) for the two inequivalent classes of pure three-qubit states: the GHZ-class and the W-class. The maximum for the GHZ-class states is related to the amount of the three-tangle of these states; whereas for the W-class states the maximum is a function of the concurrences of the three reduced states.
Averaged Energy Inequalities for Non-Minimally Coupled Classical Scalar Fields
Lutz W. Osterbrink
2006-12-11T23:59:59.000Z
The stress-energy tensor for the non-minimally coupled scalar field is known not to satisfy the pointwise energy conditions, even on the classical level. We show, however, that local averages of the classical stress-energy tensor satisfy certain inequalities and give bounds for averages along causal geodesics. It is shown that in vacuum background spacetimes, ANEC and AWEC are satisfied. Furthermore we use our result to show that in the classical situation we have an analogue to the so called quantum interest conjecture. These results lay the foundations for averaged energy inequalities for the quantised non-minimally coupled fields.
Probing the Leggett-Garg Inequality for Oscillating Neutral Kaons and Neutrinos
D. Gangopadhyay; D. Home; A. Sinha Roy
2013-04-09T23:59:59.000Z
The Leggett-Garg inequality (LGI) as a temporal analogue of Bell's inequality, derived using the notion of realism, is applied in a hitherto unexplored context involving the weak interaction induced two-state oscillations of decaying neutral kaons and neutrinos. The maximum violation of LGI obtained from the quantum mechanical results is significantly higher for the oscillating neutrinos compared to that for the kaons. Interestingly, the effect of CP non-invariance for the kaon oscillation is to enhance this violation while, for neutrinos, it is sensitive to the value of the mixing parameter.
Banaji,. Murad
WP05 Labour's record on cash transfers, poverty, inequality and the lifecycle 1997-2010 Labour of wealth, poverty, income inequality and spatial difference. The full programme of analysis will include and on poverty and inequality particularly. This provides a baseline for analysing and understanding the changes
Van Stryland, Eric
followed by 20-25 min. of muscular endurance. Here's your chance to achieve that rock solid body you, stabilization, and flexibility. It strengthens the entire body utilizing the abdominal, back, hip and postural.W.E.A.T Pilates Stadium Run #12;A class that mixes both step aerobics and strength training in one designed
Tammy J. Harrell; Troy D. Topping; Haiming Wen; Tao Hu; JULIE M. SCHOENUNG; ENRIQUE J. LAVERNIA
2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
Additions of Sc to an Al-Mg matrix were investigated, paying particular attention to the influence of Al3Sc precipitates and other dispersoids, as well as grain size, on mechanical behavior. Prior studies have shown that Sc significantly increases the strength of coarse-grained Al-Mg alloys. Prompted by these findings, we hypothesized that it would be of fundamental and technological interest to study the behavior of Sc additions to an ultrafine-grained (UFG) microstructure (e.g., 100’s nm). Accordingly, we investigated the microstructural evolution and mechanical behavior of a cryomilled ultrafine grained Al-5Mg-0.4Sc (wt pct) and compared the results to those of an equivalent fine-grained material (FG) produced by powder metallurgy. Experimental materials were consolidated by hot isostatic pressing (HIP’ing) followed by extrusion or dual mode dynamic forging. Under identical processing conditions, UFG materials generate large Al3Sc precipitates with an average diameter of 154 nm and spaced approximately 1 to 3 µm apart, while precipitates in the FG materials have a diameter of 24 nm and are spaced 50 to 200 nm apart. The strengthening mechanisms are calculated for all materials and it is determined that the greatest strengthening contributions for the UFG and FG materials are Mg-O/N dispersion strengthening and precipitate strengthening, respectively.
-CONCRETE COMPOSITE BEAMS STRENGTHENED WITH HIGH MODULUS CARBON FIBER REINFORCED POLYMER (CFRP) MATERIALS by MINA Strengthened with High Modulus Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer (CFRP) Materials. (Under the direction of Dr to kindly acknowledge the generous financial support and donation of the carbon fiber materials provided
Brinker, C. Jeffrey
Boosting medicine with nanotechnology strengthens drug cocktail many times over http a report of consumers' views on the use of nanotechnology Posted: Apr 21st, 2011 Using niosomes: Apr 18th, 2011 Boosting medicine with nanotechnology strengthens drug cocktail many times over
Ito-Wiener chaos expansion with exact residual and correlation, variance inequalities
Hu, Yaozhong
1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z
We give a formula of expanding the solution of a stochastic differential equation (abbreviated as SDE) into a finite Ito-Wiener chaos with explicit residual. And then we apply this formula to obtain several inequalities for diffusions such as FKG...
CSC310 Information Theory Sam Roweis Proving the Kraft-McMillan Inequalities
Roweis, Sam
CSC310 Information Theory Sam Roweis Lecture 3: Proving the Kraft-McMillan Inequalities September) Modeling. We have to represent the stochastic behaviour of the source and the channel using probabilistic. Review: Mathematical Setup 3 · A stochastic source emits a sequence of symbols (from alphabet A) X = X1
WORKING PAPER N 2008 -06 Trade, technology adoption and wage inequalities
Boyer, Edmond
. Keywords: Firm heterogeneity, trade reforms, technology adoption, skill premium, plant panel data. JELWORKING PAPER NÂ° 2008 - 06 Trade, technology adoption and wage inequalities: theory and evidence Maria Bas JEL Codes: F10, F12, F41 Keywords: firm heterogeneity, trade reforms, technology adoption
THE CLAUSIUS INEQUALITY AND THE MATHEMATICAL STATEMENT OF THE SECOND LAW
Ronis, David M.
, T Carnot Engine where C is a reversible Carnot engine which takes heat -d- Qs from a part of the system our definition of efficiency and the fact that the efficiencies of all reversible Carnot engine initial state (A) along a reversible path II. If we apply the Clausius inequality to this cycle, we have B
HOMODYNING BELL'S INEQUALITY G. M. D'Ariano1,2
D'Ariano, Giacomo Mauro
experiment to test Bell's inequality that involve optical radiation the source emits a pair of correlated and BS denote `polarizing beam splitter' and `conventional beam splitter' respectively. Input radiation at radiofrequency are detected, yielding the value of the quadratures of the field modes a , b, a and b
Valid Inequalities for the Pooling Problem with Binary Variables Claudia D'Ambrosio
Linderoth, Jeffrey T.
the utility of the inequalities when used in a global optimization solver. Department of Industrial refining, wastewater treatment, and general chemical engineering process design [2, 12, 1, 4]. Different. For example, this variant of the pooling problem is relevant for crude oil scheduling operations [6, 14
The Communications Revolution and Health Inequalities in the 21st Century
Illinois at Chicago, University of
The Communications Revolution and Health Inequalities in the 21st Century: Promises and Pitfalls K. Viswanath Harvard School of Public Health DanaFarber Cancer Institute DanaFarber/Harvard Cancer Center 2013 IHRP Distinguished Lecture Institute for Health Research & Policy University of Illinois
Nagurney, Anna
An Efficiency Measure for Dynamic Networks Modeled as Evolutionary Variational Inequalities propose an efficiency/performance measure for dynamic net- works, which have been modeled as evolutionary and their rankings. We provide both continuous time and discrete time versions of the efficiency measure. We
Styles, Vanessa
FOR SUPERCONDUCTIVITY C.M. ELLIOTT, D. KAY #3; AND V.STYLES y CENTRE FOR MATHEMATICAL ANALYSIS AND ITS APPLICATIONS long cylindrical superconductor subject to a transverse magnetic #12;eld. We prove an error between of an evolutionary variational inequality arising from a critical state model for a type-II superconductor
Labour's Record on Cash Transfers, Poverty, Inequality and the Lifecycle 1997 -2010
Banaji,. Murad
Labour's Record on Cash Transfers, Poverty, Inequality and the Lifecycle 1997 - 2010 John Hills changes in the UK since 2007, particularly their impact on the distribution of wealth, poverty, income, charting their approach and assessing their impact on the distribution of outcomes and on poverty
A Rearrangement Inequality and the Permutahedron Author(s): A. Vince
Vince, Andrew
to thisnote. REFERENCE 1. J.J.Rotman,The Theoryofgroups,An Introduction,3rded.,Allynand Bacon. A RearrangementInequalityandthe-Littlewood-Polyainequality,fromwhichthe inequalitiesabove and manyotherrearrangementinequalitiesimmediatelyfollow. In [5] rearrangementinequalitiesare back at least to Schur[10] and is a unifyingprincipalformanytypesof inequalities.The intentionin
A FINITE ELEMENT APPROXIMATION OF A VARIATIONAL INEQUALITY FORMULATION OF BEAN'S MODEL FOR
Elliott, Charles
A FINITE ELEMENT APPROXIMATION OF A VARIATIONAL INEQUALITY FORMULATION OF BEAN'S MODEL of a variational formulation of Bean's model for the physical configuration of an infinitely long cylindrical's axis, for x R2 . The well-known Bean critical state model can be formulated as an evolutionary
Jones, Nathan
2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z
mechanisms is to reduce the computational time needed to simulate a problem. The focus of this work is on the validity of reduced methane-air combustion mechanisms, particularly pertaining to satisfying the entropy inequality. While much of this work involves...
Minkovskii-type inequality for arbitrary density matrix of composite and noncomposite systems
V. N. Chernega; O. V. Manko; V. I. Manko
2014-05-20T23:59:59.000Z
New kind of matrix inequality known for bipartite system density matrix is obtained for arbitrary density matrix of composite or noncomposite qudit systems including the single qudit state. The examples of two qubit system and qudit with j=3/2 are discussed.
King, C.; Mantone, A. [GE Medical Systems, Florence, SC (United States); Herd, K.; Laskaris, T. [GE Corp. Research and Development Center, Schenectady, NY (United States)
1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z
Recent advances in BSCCO-2223 superconducting tape quality and length have led to demonstration programs for coil performance. The conductors in these coils need to be insulated without damage to the superconducting properties. A paper insulation process developed at the General Electric Company (GE) for low temperature superconducting Nb{sub 3}Sn tape has been modified to provide the same insulation system to high temperature (HTS) superconducting tapes, such as BSCCO-2223. In this paper, we report on the insulation process and its effect on the tape performance. Several long lengths of conductor have been tested, unwound, insulated and retested to examine any degradation issues. Additionally, it is known that HTS materials are inherently weak in relation to the winding and handling stresses in a manufacturing environment. A system to provide mechanical stabilization to Nb{sub 3}Sn tape through a lamination process has been successfully applied to high temperature superconductors as a method to build a strong, windable composite. The system is described and mechanical and electrical properties of the strengthened tapes are discussed.
New data strengthen the connection between Short Range Correlations and the EMC effect
Hen, O; Weinstein, L B
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Recently published measurements of the two nucleon short range correlation ($NN$-SRC) scaling factors, $a_2(A/d)$, strengthen the previously observed correlation between the magnitude of the EMC effect measured in electron deep inelastic scattering at $0.35\\le x_B\\le 0.7$ and the SRC scaling factor measured at $x_B \\ge 1$. The new results have improved precision and include previously unmeasured nuclei. The measurements of $a_2(A/d)$ for $^9$Be and $^{197}$Au agree with published predictions based on the EMC-SRC correlation. This paper examines the effects of the new data and of different corrections to the data on the slope and quality of the EMC-SRC correlation, the size of the extracted deuteron IMC effect, and the free neutron structure function. The results show that the linear EMC-SRC correlation is robust and that the slope of the correlation is insensitive to most combinations of corrections examined in this work. The inclusion of new nuclei shows that while neither the EMC effect nor the SRC scaling ...
Anderson, Douglas R.
of small-scale mechanical engineering--in which assemblers build mechanical systems from individual atoms working in teams to sharing language Emergence From topdown to bottomup principles serious alternative Infrastructure From centralized grids to flexible, smaller- scale networks human clone to term printable
M.C. Carroll; L.J. Carroll
2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z
An advanced austenitic alloy, HT-UPS (high-temperature ultrafine-precipitation-strengthened), has been identified as an ideal candidate material for the structural components of fast reactors and energy-conversion systems. HT-UPS alloys demonstrate improved creep resistance relative to 316 stainless steel (SS) through additions of Ti and Nb, which precipitate to form a widespread dispersion of stable nanoscale metallic carbide (MC) particles in the austenitic matrix. The low-cycle fatigue and creep-fatigue behavior of an HT-UPS alloy have been investigated at 650 °C and a 1.0% total strain, with an R-ratio of -1 and hold times at peak tensile strain as long as 150 min. The cyclic deformation response of HT-UPS is directly compared to that of standard 316 SS. The measured values for total cycles to failure are similar, despite differences in peak stress profiles and in qualitative observations of the deformed microstructures. Crack propagation is primarily transgranular in fatigue and creep-fatigue of both alloys at the investigated conditions. Internal grain boundary damage in the form of fine cracks resulting from the tensile hold is present for hold times of 60 min and longer, and substantially more internal cracks are quantifiable in 316 SS than in HT-UPS. The dislocation substructures observed in the deformed material differ significantly; an equiaxed cellular structure is observed in 316 SS, whereas in HT-UPS the microstructure takes the form of widespread and relatively homogenous tangles of dislocations pinned by the nanoscale MC precipitates. The significant effect of the fine distribution of precipitates on observed fatigue and creep-fatigue response is described in three distinct behavioral regions as it evolves with continued cycling.
Okrent, D.
1997-06-23T23:59:59.000Z
This is the final report on DOE Award No. DE-FG03-92ER75838 A000, a three year matching grant program with Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG and E) to support strengthening of the fission reactor nuclear science and engineering program at UCLA. The program began on September 30, 1992. The program has enabled UCLA to use its strong existing background to train students in technological problems which simultaneously are of interest to the industry and of specific interest to PG and E. The program included undergraduate scholarships, graduate traineeships and distinguished lecturers. Four topics were selected for research the first year, with the benefit of active collaboration with personnel from PG and E. These topics remained the same during the second year of this program. During the third year, two topics ended with the departure o the students involved (reflux cooling in a PWR during a shutdown and erosion/corrosion of carbon steel piping). Two new topics (long-term risk and fuel relocation within the reactor vessel) were added; hence, the topics during the third year award were the following: reflux condensation and the effect of non-condensable gases; erosion/corrosion of carbon steel piping; use of artificial intelligence in severe accident diagnosis for PWRs (diagnosis of plant status during a PWR station blackout scenario); the influence on risk of organization and management quality; considerations of long term risk from the disposal of hazardous wastes; and a probabilistic treatment of fuel motion and fuel relocation within the reactor vessel during a severe core damage accident.
Larry Zirker; Nathan Jerred; Dr. Indrajit Charit; James Cole
2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
Research proposal 08-1079, 'A Comparative Study of Welded ODS Cladding Materials for AFCI/GNEP,' was funded in 2008 under an Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative (AFCI) Research and Development Funding Opportunity, number DE-PS07-08ID14906. Th proposal sought to conduct research on joining oxide dispersion strengthen (ODS) tubing material to a solid end plug. This document summarizes the scientific and technical progress achieved during the project, which ran from 2008 to 2011.
Coxhead, Ian
A-1 Trade And Inequality With Limited Labor Mobility: Theory And Evidence From China Muqun Li ........................................................................................ 2 A.3. Trade balance conditions................................................................................ 9 A.8. Trade balance condition rewriting 2
Mass angular momentum inequality for axisymmetric vacuum data with small trace
Zhou, Xin
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper, we proved the mass angular momentum inequality\\cite{D1}\\cite{ChrusLiWe}\\cite{SZ} for axisymmetric, asymptotically flat, vacuum constraint data sets with small trace. Given an initial data set with small trace, we construct a boost evolution spacetime of the Einstein vacuum equations as \\cite{ChOM}. Then a perturbation method is used to solve the maximal surface equation in the spacetime under certain growing condition at infinity. When the initial data set is axisymmetric, we get an axisymmetric maximal graph with the same ADM mass and angular momentum as the given data. The inequality follows from the known results\\cite{D1}\\cite{ChrusLiWe}\\cite{SZ} about the maximal graph.
Monogamy inequality in terms of negativity for three-qubit states
Ou, Y.-C.; Fan Heng [Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100080 (China)
2007-06-15T23:59:59.000Z
We propose an entanglement measure to quantify three-qubit entanglement in terms of negativity. A monogamy inequality analogous to the Coffman-Kundu-Wootters inequality is established. This consequently leads to a definition of residual entanglement, which is referred to as the three-{pi} in order to distinguish it from the three-tangle. The three-{pi} is proved to be a natural entanglement measure. By contrast to the three-tangle, it is shown that the three-{pi} always gives greater than zero values for pure states belonging to the W and Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger classes, implying that three-way entanglement always exists for them; the three-tangle generally underestimates the three-way entanglement of a given system. This investigation will offer an alternative tool to understand genuine multipartite entanglement.
A. W. Beckwith
2004-10-08T23:59:59.000Z
The tunneling Hamiltonian has proven to be a useful method in many body physics to treat particle tunneling between different states represented as wave functions. Here we present a generalization of the tunneling Hamiltonian to quantum field theory, in which tunneling between states represented as wave functionals of a scalar quantum field is considered. We examine quantum decay of the false vacuum in the driven Sine-Gordon system, and show it is consistent with the tunneling formalism derived here and matches up with the soliton - anti soliton separation obtained from the Bogomil'nyi inequality. This inequality permits construction of a gaussian wave functional representation of soliton - anti soliton nucleated states and is consistent with respect to the false vacuum hypothesis
McKimpson, Marvin G.
2006-04-06T23:59:59.000Z
This project was undertaken by Michigan Technological University and Special Metals Corporation to develop creep-resistant, coking-resistant oxide-dispersion-strengthened (ODS) tubes for use in industrial-scale ethylene pyrolysis and steam methane reforming operations. Ethylene pyrolysis tubes are exposed to some of the most severe service conditions for metallic materials found anywhere in the chemical process industries, including elevated temperatures, oxidizing atmospheres and high carbon potentials. During service, hard deposits of carbon (coke) build up on the inner wall of the tube, reducing heat transfer and restricting the flow of the hydrocarbon feedstocks. About every 20 to 60 days, the reactor must be taken off-line and decoked by burning out the accumulated carbon. This decoking costs on the order of $9 million per year per ethylene plant, accelerates tube degradation, and requires that tubes be replaced about every 5 years. The technology developed under this program seeks to reduce the energy and economic cost of coking by creating novel bimetallic tubes offering a combination of improved coking resistance, creep resistance and fabricability not available in current single-alloy tubes. The inner core of this tube consists of Incoloy(R) MA956, a commercial ferritic Fe-Cr-Al alloy offering a 50% reduction in coke buildup combined with improved carburization resistance. The outer sheath consists of a new material - oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) Alloy 803(R) developed under the program. This new alloy retains the good fireside environmental resistance of Alloy 803, a commercial wrought alloy currently used for ethylene production, and provides an austenitic casing to alleviate the inherently-limited fabricability of the ferritic Incoloy(R) MA956 core. To provide mechanical compatibility between the two alloys and maximize creep resistance of the bimetallic tube, both the inner Incoloy(R) MA956 and the outer ODS Alloy 803 are oxide dispersion strengthened materials produced using mechanical alloying technology. To minimize cost, the bimetallic tube is produced by direct powder co-extrusion. This technology has potential for domestic energy savings of up to 4.1 trillion BTU/year (4.3 x 1015J/year) and a reduction of 370,000 tons (340,000 tonnes) of CO2 emissions in short-residence-time ethylene furnaces. This represents an energy savings and CO2 emissions reduction of about 3.3%. If the technology is also applied to other types of ethylene pyrolysis furnaces, total energy savings and CO2 emissions reductions could increase by up to five times. The work involved: Developing powder and consolidation processing protocols to produce an oxide-dispersion strengthened variant of Alloy 803 exhibiting creep strength comparable to Incoloy? Alloy MA956, Developing a direct powder co-extrusion protocol for fabricating co-extruded bimetallic Incoloy? Alloy MA956 / ODS Alloy 803 tubes, Characterizing the properties of the ODS Alloy 803 material, the welding characteristics of the bimetallic tubes, and the coking characteristics of the Incoloy? MA956 alloy, and Documenting the potential energy savings and user requirements for these bimetallic pyrolysis furnace tubes. The project demonstrated that oxide dispersion strengthened Alloy 803 can be produced successfully using conventional mechanical alloying technology. The oxide dispersion strengthened bimetallic radiant coil technology explored under this program has significant potential for energy savings and productivity improvements for domestic ethylene producers. In today's competitive market, however, domestic furnace manufacturers and ethylene producers appear reluctant to pay any cost premium for higher-performance coil materials offering either higher temperature capabilities or longer service life. Interest in oxide dispersion strengthened radiant coils is likely to increase if furnace and ethylene producers begin to focus more on increasing tube wall temperatures to improve productivity.
ML Hamilton; DS Gelles; RJ Lobsinger; GD Johnson; WF Brown; MM Paxton; RJ Puigh; CR Eiholzer; C Martinez; MA Blotter
2000-03-27T23:59:59.000Z
A significant amount of effort has been devoted to determining the properties and understanding the behavior of the alloy MA957 to define its potential usefulness as a cladding material, in the fast breeder reactor program. The numerous characterization and fabrication studies that were conducted are documented in this report. The alloy is a ferritic stainless steel developed by International Nickel Company specifically for structural reactor applications. It is strengthened by a very fine, uniformly distributed yttria dispersoid. Its fabrication involves a mechanical alloying process and subsequent extrusion, which ultimately results in a highly elongated grain structure. While the presence of the dispersoid produces a material with excellent strength, the body centered cubic structure inherent to the material coupled with the high aspect ratio that results from processing operations produces some difficulties with ductility. The alloy is very sensitive to variations in a number of processing parameters, and if the high strength is once lost during fabrication, it cannot be recovered. The microstructural evolution of the alloy under irradiation falls into two regimes. Below about 550 C, dislocation development, {alpha}{prime} precipitation and void evolution in the matrix are observed, while above about 550 C damage appears to be restricted to cavity formation within oxide particles. The thermal expansion of the alloy is very similar to that of HT9 up to the temperature where HT9 undergoes a phase transition to austenitic. Pulse magnetic welding of end caps onto MA957 tubing can be accomplished in a manner similar to that in which it is performed on HT9, although the welding parameters appear to be very sensitive to variations in the tubing that result from small changes in fabrication conditions. The tensile and stress rupture behavior of the alloy are acceptable in the unirradiated condition, being comparable to HT9 below about 700 C and exceeding those of HT9 at higher temperatures. Neither tensile nor rupture strength appear to be degraded by irradiation to fast fluencies on the order of 8 x 10{sup 22} n/cm{sup 2} in the range of 370--760 C, although some loss of ductility has been observed. The impact resistance of the alloy is very poor in the unirradiated condition, and is significantly degraded by irradiation.
Bell's inequality for a single spin 1/2 particle and quantum contextuality
Sayandeb Basu; Somshubhro Bandyopadhyay; Guruprasad Kar; Dipankar Home
2001-03-18T23:59:59.000Z
We argue that for a \\emph{single particle} Bell's inequality is a consequence of noncontextuality and is \\emph{incompatible} with statistical predictions of quantum mechanics. Thus noncontextual models can be empirically falsified, \\emph{independent} of locality condition. For this an appropriate entanglement between \\emph{disjoint} Hilbert spaces pertaining to translational and spin degrees of freedom of a single spin-1/2 particle is invoked
An Improvement to a Berezin-Li-Yau type inequality for the Klein-Gordon Operator
Yolcu, Selma Yildirim
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this article we improve a lower bound for $\\sum_{j=1}^k\\beta_j$ (a Berezin-Li-Yau type inequality) in [E. M. Harrell II and S. Yildirim Yolcu, Eigenvalue inequalities for Klein-Gordon Operators, J. Funct. Analysis, 256(12) (2009) 3977-3995]. Here $\\beta_j$ denotes the $j$th eigenvalue of the Klein Gordon Hamiltonian $H_{0,\\Omega}=|p|$ when restricted to a bounded set $\\Omega\\subset {\\mathbb R}^n$. $H_{0,\\Omega}$ can also be described as the generator of the Cauchy stochastic process with a killing condition on $\\partial \\Omega$. (cf. [R. Banuelos, T. Kulczycki, Eigenvalue gaps for the Cauchy process and a Poincare inequality, J. Funct. Anal. 211 (2) (2004) 355-423]; [R. Banuelos, T. Kulczycki, The Cauchy process and the Steklov problem, J. Funct. Anal. 234 (2006) 199-225].) To do this, we adapt the proof of Melas ([ A. D. Melas, A lower bound for sums of eigenvalues of the Laplacian, Proceedings of the American Mathematical Society, 131(2) (2002) 631-636]), who improved the estimate for the bound of $\\sum_...
Tawfik, A., E-mail: a.tawfik@eng.mti.edu.eg [Egyptian Center for Theoretical Physics (ECTP), MTI University, 11571 Cairo (Egypt)
2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
We investigate the impacts of Generalized Uncertainty Principle (GUP) proposed by some approaches to quantum gravity such as String Theory and Doubly Special Relativity on black hole thermodynamics and Salecker-Wigner inequalities. Utilizing Heisenberg uncertainty principle, the Hawking temperature, Bekenstein entropy, specific heat, emission rate and decay time are calculated. As the evaporation entirely eats up the black hole mass, the specific heat vanishes and the temperature approaches infinity with an infinite radiation rate. It is found that the GUP approach prevents the black hole from the entire evaporation. It implies the existence of remnants at which the specific heat vanishes. The same role is played by the Heisenberg uncertainty principle in constructing the hydrogen atom. We discuss how the linear GUP approach solves the entire-evaporation-problem. Furthermore, the black hole lifetime can be estimated using another approach; the Salecker-Wigner inequalities. Assuming that the quantum position uncertainty is limited to the minimum wavelength of measuring signal, Wigner second inequality can be obtained. If the spread of quantum clock is limited to some minimum value, then the modified black hole lifetime can be deduced. Based on linear GUP approach, the resulting lifetime difference depends on black hole relative mass and the difference between black hole mass with and without GUP is not negligible.
Wigner's form of the Leggett-Garg inequality, No-Signalling in Time, and Unsharp Measurements
Debashis Saha; Shiladitya Mal; Prasanta K. Panigrahi; Dipankar Home
2015-03-04T23:59:59.000Z
Wigner's form of the local realist inequality is used to derive its temporal version for an oscillating two-level system involving two-time joint probabilities. Such an inequality may be regarded as a novel form of the Leggett-Garg inequality (LGI) constituting a necessary condition for macrorealism. The robustness of its quantum mechanical (QM) violation against unsharpness of measurement is investigated by using a suitable model of unsharp measurements. It is found that there exists a range of values of the sharpness parameter (characterizing precision of the relevant measurements) for which the usual LGI is satisfied by QM, but Wigner's form of the LGI (WLGI) is violated. This implies that for such unsharp measurements, the QM violation of macrorealism cannot be tested using the usual LGI, but can be tested using WLGI. In showing this, we take into account the general form of the usual LGI involving an arbitrary number of pairs of two-time correlation functions. Another recently proposed necessary condition for macrorealism, called `no-signalling in time', is also probed, showing that its QM violation persists for arbitrarily unsharp measurements.
Gas atomized precursor alloy powder for oxide dispersion strengthened ferritic stainless steel
Rieken, Joel
2011-12-13T23:59:59.000Z
Gas atomization reaction synthesis (GARS) was employed as a simplified method for producing precursor powders for oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) ferritic stainless steels (e.g., Fe-Cr-Y-(Ti,Hf)-O), departing from the conventional mechanical alloying (MA) process. During GARS processing a reactive atomization gas (i.e., Ar-O{sub 2}) was used to oxidize the powder surfaces during primary break-up and rapid solidification of the molten alloy. This resulted in envelopment of the powders by an ultra-thin (t < 150 nm) metastable Cr-enriched oxide layer that was used as a vehicle for solid-state transport of O into the consolidated microstructure. In an attempt to better understand the kinetics of this GARS reaction, theoretical cooling curves for the atomized droplets were calculated and used to establish an oxidation model for this process. Subsequent elevated temperature heat treatments, which were derived from Rhines pack measurements using an internal oxidation model, were used to promote thermodynamically driven O exchange reactions between trapped films of the initial Cr-enriched surface oxide and internal Y-enriched intermetallic precipitates. This novel microstructural evolution process resulted in the successful formation of nano-metric Y-enriched dispersoids, as confirmed using high energy X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy (TEM), equivalent to conventional ODS alloys from MA powders. The thermal stability of these Y-enriched dispersoids was evaluated using high temperature (1200°C) annealing treatments ranging from 2.5 to 1,000 hrs of exposure. In a further departure from current ODS practice, replacing Ti with additions of Hf appeared to improve the Y-enriched dispersoid thermal stability by means of crystal structure modification. Additionally, the spatial distribution of the dispersoids was found to depend strongly on the original rapidly solidified microstructure. To exploit this, ODS microstructures were engineered from different powder particle size ranges, illustrating microstructural control as a function of particle solidification rate. The consolidation of ultra-fine powders (dia. ? 5?m) resulted in a significant reduction in dispersoid size and spacing, consistent with initial scanning electron microscopy studies on as-atomized cross-sectioned particles that suggested that these powders solidified above the threshold velocity to effectively solute trap Y within the ?-(Fe,Cr) matrix. Interestingly, when the solidification velocity as a function of particle size was extracted from the aforementioned theoretical particle cooling curves, it could be offered as supporting evidence for these microstructure observations. Thermal-mechanical treatments also were used to create and evaluate the stability of a dislocation substructure within these alloys, using microhardness and TEM analysis of the alloy sub-grain and grain structure. Moreover, elevated temperature tensile tests up to 800°C were used to assess the initial mechanical strength of the ODS microstructure.
Entanglement formation and violation of Bell's inequality with a semiconductor single photon source
David Fattal; Kyo Inoue; Jelena Vuckovic; Charles Santori; Glenn S. Solomon; Yoshihisa Yamamoto
2003-05-09T23:59:59.000Z
We report the generation of polarization-entangled photons, using a quantum dot single photon source, linear optics and photodetectors. Two photons created independently are observed to violate Bell's inequality. The density matrix describing the polarization state of the postselected photon pairs is also reconstructed, and agrees well with a simple model predicting the quality of entanglement from the known parameters of the single photon source. Our scheme provides a method to generate no more than one entangled photon pair per cycle, a feature useful to enhance quantum cryptography protocols using entangled photons.
A quantum weak energy inequality for the Dirac field in two-dimensional flat spacetime
S. P. Dawson
2005-12-14T23:59:59.000Z
Fewster and Mistry have given an explicit, non-optimal quantum weak energy inequality that constrains the smeared energy density of Dirac fields in Minkowski spacetime. Here, their argument is adapted to the case of flat, two-dimensional spacetime. The non-optimal bound thereby obtained has the same order of magnitude, in the limit of zero mass, as the optimal bound of Vollick. In contrast with Vollick's bound, the bound presented here holds for all (non-negative) values of the field mass.
Marcin Pawlowski
2010-09-21T23:59:59.000Z
We show that monogamy of Bell's inequality violations, which is strictly weaker condition than no-signaling is enough to prove security of quantum key distribution. We derive our results for a whole class of monogamy constraints and generalize our results to any theory that communicating parties may have access to. Some of these theories do not respect no-signaling principle yet still allow for secure communication. This proves that no-signaling is only a sufficient condition for the possibility of secure communication, but not the necessary one. We also present some new qualitative results concerning the security of existing quantum key distribution protocols.
Computing the maximum violation of a Bell inequality is NP-complete
J. Batle; C. H. Raymond Ooi
2015-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
The number of steps required in order to maximize a Bell inequality for arbitrary number of qubits is shown to grow exponentially with either the number of steps and the number of parties involved. The proof that the optimization of such correlation measure is a NP-problem is based on an operational perspective involving a Turing machine, which follows a general algorithm. The implications for the computability of the so called {\\it nonlocality} for any number of qubits is similar to recent results involving entanglement or similar quantum correlation-based measures.
An absolute quantum energy inequality for the Dirac field in curved spacetime
Calvin J. Smith
2007-05-15T23:59:59.000Z
Quantum Weak Energy Inequalities (QWEIs) are results which limit the extent to which the smeared renormalised energy density of a quantum field can be negative. On globally hyperbolic spacetimes the massive quantum Dirac field is known to obey a QWEI in terms of a reference state chosen arbitrarily from the class of Hadamard states; however, there exist spacetimes of interest on which state-dependent bounds cannot be evaluated. In this paper we prove the first QWEI for the massive quantum Dirac field on four dimensional globally hyperbolic spacetime in which the bound depends only on the local geometry; such a QWEI is known as an absolute QWEI.
A Simply Constrained Optimization Reformulation of KKT Systems Arising from Variational Inequalities
Facchinei, F. [Dipartimento di Informatica e Sistemistica, Universita di Roma 'La Sapienza', Via Buonarroti 12, I-00185 Roma (Italy)], E-mail: soler@dis.uniroma1.it; Fischer, A. [Department of Mathematics, University of Dortmund, 44221 Dortmund (Germany)], E-mail: fischer@math.uni-dortmund.de; Kanzow, C. [Institute of Applied Mathematics, University of Hamburg, Bundesstrasse 55, D-20146 Hamburg (Germany)], E-mail: kanzow@math.uni-hamburg.de; Peng, J.-M. [State Key Laboratory of Scientific and Engineering Computing, Academia Sinica, P.O. Box 2719, Beijing, 100080 (China)], E-mail: pjm@lsec.cc.ac.cn
1999-01-15T23:59:59.000Z
The Karush-Kuhn-Tucker (KKT) conditions can be regarded as optimality conditions for both variational inequalities and constrained optimization problems. In order to overcome some drawbacks of recently proposed reformulations of KKT systems, we propose casting KKT systems as a minimization problem with nonnegativity constraints on some of the variables. We prove that, under fairly mild assumptions, every stationary point of this constrained minimization problem is a solution of the KKT conditions. Based on this reformulation, a new algorithm for the solution of the KKT conditions is suggested and shown to have some strong global and local convergence properties.
Black Hole Enthalpy and an Entropy Inequality for the Thermodynamic Volume
M. Cvetic; G. W. Gibbons; D. Kubiznak; C. N. Pope
2011-04-20T23:59:59.000Z
In a theory where the cosmological constant $\\Lambda$ or the gauge coupling constant $g$ arises as the vacuum expectation value, its variation should be included in the first law of thermodynamics for black holes. This becomes $dE= TdS + \\Omega_i dJ_i + \\Phi_\\alpha d Q_\\alpha + \\Theta d \\Lambda$, where $E$ is now the enthalpy of the spacetime, and $\\Theta$, the thermodynamic conjugate of $\\Lambda$, is proportional to an effective volume $V = -\\frac{16 \\pi \\Theta}{D-2}$ "inside the event horizon." Here we calculate $\\Theta$ and $V$ for a wide variety of $D$-dimensional charged rotating asymptotically AdS black hole spacetimes, using the first law or the Smarr relation. We compare our expressions with those obtained by implementing a suggestion of Kastor, Ray and Traschen, involving Komar integrals and Killing potentials, which we construct from conformal Killing-Yano tensors. We conjecture that the volume $V$ and the horizon area $A$ satisfy the inequality $R\\equiv ((D-1)V/{\\cal A}_{D-2})^{1/(D-1)}\\, ({\\cal A}_{D-2}/A)^{1/(D-2)}\\ge1$, where ${\\cal A}_{D-2}$ is the volume of the unit $(D-2)$-sphere, and we show that this is obeyed for a wide variety of black holes, and saturated for Schwarzschild-AdS. Intriguingly, this inequality is the "inverse" of the isoperimetric inequality for a volume $V$ in Euclidean $(D-1)$ space bounded by a surface of area $A$, for which $R\\le 1$. Our conjectured {\\it Reverse Isoperimetric Inequality} can be interpreted as the statement that the entropy inside a horizon of a given "volume" $V$ is maximised for Schwarzschild-AdS. The thermodynamic definition of $V$ requires a cosmological constant (or gauge coupling constant). However, except in 7 dimensions, a smooth limit exists where $\\Lambda$ or $g$ goes to zero, providing a definition of $V$ even for asymptotically-flat black holes.
Energy-time and frequency-time uncertainty relations: exact inequalities
V. V. Dodonov; A. V. Dodonov
2015-04-03T23:59:59.000Z
We give a short review of known exact inequalities that can be interpreted as "energy-time" and "frequency-time" uncertainty relations. In particular we discuss a precise form of signals minimizing the physical frequency-time uncertainty product. Also, we calculate the "stationarity time" for mixed Gaussian states of a quantum harmonic oscillator, showing explicitly that pure quantum states are "more fragile" than mixed ones with the same value of the energy dispersion. The problems of quantum evolution speed limits, time operators and measurements of energy and time are briefly discussed, too.
Rahul Kumar; Sankalpa Ghosh
2015-03-13T23:59:59.000Z
We show that the general quantum state of synthetically spin-orbit coupled ultra cold bosonic atom whose condensate was experimentally created recently ( Y. J. Lin {\\it et al.}, Nature, {\\bf 471}, 83, (2011)), shows entanglement between motional degrees of freedom ( momentum) and internal degrees of freedom (hyperfine spin). We demonstrate the violation of Bell-like inequality (CHSH) for such states that provides a unique opportunity to verify fundamental principle like quantum non-contextuality for commutating observables which are not spatially separated. We analyze in detail the Rabi oscillation executed by such atom-laser system and how that influneces quantities like entanglement entropy, violation of Bell like Inequality etc. We also discuss the implication of our result in testing the quantum non-contextuality and Bell's Inequality vioaltion by macroscopic quantum object like Bose-Einstein Condensate of ultra cold atoms.
Hybrid quantum logic and a test of Bell's inequality using two different atomic species
Ballance, C J; Home, J P; Szwer, D J; Webster, S C; Allcock, D T C; Linke, N M; Harty, T P; Craik, D P L Aude; Stacey, D N; Steane, A M; Lucas, D M
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Entanglement is one of the most fundamental properties of quantum mechanics, and is the key resource for quantum information processing. Bipartite entangled states of identical particles have been generated and studied in several experiments, and post-selected entangled states involving pairs of photons, or single photons and single atoms, have also been produced. Here, we deterministically generate a "hybrid" entangled state of two different species of trapped-ion qubit, perform full tomography of the state produced, and make the first test of Bell's inequality with non-identical atoms. We use a laser-driven two-qubit quantum logic gate, whose mechanism is insensitive to the qubits' energy splittings, to produce a maximally-entangled state of one Ca40 qubit and one Ca43 qubit, held in the same ion trap, with 99.8(5)% fidelity. We make a test of Bell's inequality for this novel entangled state, and find that it is violated by 15 sigma. Mixed-species quantum logic is an essential technique for the construction...
Daniel Bhatti; Raimund Schneider; Thomas Mehringer; Steffen Oppel; Joachim von Zanthier
2015-01-21T23:59:59.000Z
It is theoretically and experimentally shown that photons emitted by statistically independent incoherent classical light sources and measured in the far field in spatially separated modes may display spatial correlations akin to path-entanglement of photons produced by quantum sources. By measuring higher order photon-correlations at different locations, i.e., $m$ photons in one mode and one photon in another mode, we experimentally demonstrate for $m \\geq 6$ a violation of Bell-type inequalities for spatial degrees of freedom. The spatial correlations among the photons can be understood from state projection where the detection of the first $m$ photons projects the sources onto a state which emits the subsequent photon in a strongly correlated manner. From this perspective the entanglement and violation of Bell's inequalities appears as a consequence of nonvanishing cross correlations between noncommuting quadrature phase components of the two spatially separated fields after $m$ photons have been recorded. In this way we show that classical systems may produce spatial field correlations violating local realistic theories.
Jianchao He; Farong Wan; Kumar Sridharan; Todd R. Allen; A. Certain; V. Shutthanandan; Y.Q. Wu
2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
14YWT oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) ferritic steel was irradiated with of 5 MeV Ni2+ ions, at 300 C, 450 C, and 600 C to a damage level of 100 dpa. The stability of Ti–Y–O nanoclusters was investigated by applying atom probe tomography (APT) in voltage mode, of the samples before and after irradiations. The average size and number density of the nanoclusters was determined using the maximum separation method. These techniques allowed for the imaging of nanoclusters to sizes well below the resolution limit of conventional transmission electron microscopy techniques. The most significant changes were observed for samples irradiated at 300 C where the size (average Guinier radius) and number density of nanoclusters were observed to decrease from 1.1 nm to 0.8 nm and 12 1023 to 3.6 1023, respectively. In this study, the nanoclusters are more stable at higher temperature.
He, Jianchao; Wan, F.; Sridharan, Kumar; Allen, Todd R.; Certain, Alicia G.; Shutthanandan, V.; Wu, Yaqiao
2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
14YWT oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) ferritic steel was irradiated with of 5 MeV Ni2+ ions, at 300 °C, 450 °C, and 600 °C to a damage level of 100 dpa. The stability of Ti–Y–O nanoclusters was investigated by applying atom probe tomography (APT) in voltage mode, of the samples before and after irradiations. The average size and number density of the nanoclusters was determined using the maximum separation method. These techniques allowed for the imaging of nanoclusters to sizes well below the resolution limit of conventional transmission electron microscopy techniques. The most significant changes were observed for samples irradiated at 300 °C where the size (average Guinier radius) and number density of nanoclusters were observed to decrease from 1.1 nm to 0.8 nm and 12 × 1023 to 3.6 × 1023, respectively. In this study, the nanoclusters are more stable at higher temperature.
Toloczko, Mychailo B.; Gelles, David S.; Garner, Francis A.; Kurtz, Richard J.; Abe, Katsunori
2004-04-24T23:59:59.000Z
Recently, there has been a growing interest in the use of oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) ferritic steels for fusion reactor applications. As part of an extensive study performed at PNNL on the ODS steel MA957 [1], irradiation creep tests were performed on pressurized tubes made from MA957 by two different methods. The tubes were made either by gun drilling alone or by a combination of rod drawing and gun drilling. The different fabrication methods were explored because ODS steels have been difficult to form. The pressurized tubes were irradiated in the Fast Flux Test Facility (FFTF) to doses ranging from 40 dpa to 110 dpa at temperatures ranging from 400 C to 600 C. The effective stresses resulting from the pressurization of the tubes ranged from 0 MPa to 175 MPa.
Tan Peiquan; Liu, Y.
1983-07-30T23:59:59.000Z
This article reports on how a Chinese province with a large area of land and a small population has adopted a series of measures to strengthen land management, to stop the illegal occupying of land, and to protect land resources. Investigations of land resources and of the state of land use, as well as soil surveys, have been launched in order to determine the rights of land ownership and use. Many counties and cities have experimented with dividing farm areas into districts and comprehensive land planning, established land files, trained key personnel in land management skills, and have launched scientific land research. Illegal occupation, waste and destruction of land have risen with the increase in population and construction. Per capita cultivated acreage has declined to 4.1 mu. An effort has been made to reach the people in urban and rural areas with this message: ''Cherish every square millimeter of land utterly and use it rationally''.
Park, Jong-Sang
Thermal Process to Strengthen PLGA Nanoparticle Layers Bull. Korean Chem. Soc. 2009, Vol. 30, No. 9 1985 Thermal Process for Enhancing Mechanical Strength of PLGA Nanoparticle Layers on Coronary Stents@plaza.snu.ac.kr Received June 5, 2009, Accepted July 14, 2009 Poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) nanoparticles loading
Bohnhoff, David
Clean Energy Jobs at the Union of Concerned Scientists Do you want to protect and strengthen EPA, and to evaluate and advocate for clean energy solutions and climate change mitigation options in the electricity sector. Energy Modeler (Cambridge, MA): Conduct analysis and modeling of clean energy and climate
Cesare, Bernardo
1 International Mobility Program for Young Researchers from India and Nepal In order to strengthen the relationship and cooperation with India and Nepal, and taking into account the successful research activities-border research collaboration with advanced research groups coming from India and Nepal. The program offers 8
Schenato, Luca
International Mobility Program for Young Researchers from India and Nepal In order to strengthen the relationship and cooperation with India and Nepal, and taking into account the successful research activities-border research collaboration with advanced research groups coming from India and Nepal. The program offers 4
Schenato, Luca
International Mobility Program for Young Researchers from India and Nepal In order to strengthen the relationship and cooperation with India and Nepal, and taking into account the successful research activities-border research collaboration with advanced research groups coming from India and Nepal. The program offers 8
Entropic and information inequality for nonlinearly transformed two-qubit X-states
V. I. Man'ko; R. S. Puzko
2014-10-11T23:59:59.000Z
The entropic and information inequalities for two qubit X-states transformed by the nonlinear channels are given in explicit form. The subadditivity condition and nonnegativity of von Neumann quantum information are studied for both initial X-state and the state after action of the nonlinear channel. Partial case of Werner state is considered in detail. We shown that the von Neumann information increases due to action of the nonlinear channel. We generalize the results obtained for Werner state in our earlier article [J. Russ. Laser Res., \\textbf{35}, iss. 3 (2014)] to the case of X-state of two qubit system. We study the influence of nonlinear channel acting on X-state of two qubit system onto von Neumann mutual information.
Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger argument of nonlocality without inequalities for mixed states
Ghirardi, Gian Carlo [Department of Theoretical Physics, University of Trieste, Trieste (Italy); Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Trieste, Trieste (Italy); International Centre for Theoretical Physics 'Abdus Salam', Trieste (Italy); Marinatto, Luca [Department of Theoretical Physics, University of Trieste, Trieste (Italy); Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Trieste, Trieste (Italy)
2006-08-15T23:59:59.000Z
We generalize the Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger nonlocality without inequalities argument to cover the case of arbitrary mixed statistical operators associated to three-qubits quantum systems. More precisely, we determine the radius of a ball (in the trace distance topology) surrounding the pure GHZ state and containing arbitrary mixed statistical operators which cannot be described by any local and realistic hidden variable model and which are, as a consequence, noncompletely separable. As a practical application, we focus on certain one-parameter classes of mixed states which are commonly considered in the experimental realization of the original GHZ argument and which result from imperfect preparations of the pure GHZ state. In these cases we determine for which values of the parameter measuring the noise a nonlocality argument can still be exhibited, despite the mixedness of the considered states. Moreover, the effect of the imperfect nature of measurement processes is discussed.
Violating Bell's inequality with an artificial atom and a cat state in a cavity
Brian Vlastakis; Andrei Petrenko; Nissim Ofek; Luayn Sun; Zaki Leghtas; Katrina Sliwa; Yehan Liu; Michael Hatridge; Jacob Blumoff; Luigi Frunzio; Mazyar Mirrahimi; Liang Jiang; M. H. Devoret; R. J. Schoelkopf
2015-04-09T23:59:59.000Z
The `Schr\\"odinger's cat' thought experiment highlights the counterintuitive facet of quantum theory that entanglement can exist between microscopic and macroscopic systems, producing a superposition of distinguishable states like the fictitious cat that is both alive and dead. The hallmark of entanglement is the detection of strong correlations between systems, for example by the violation of Bell's inequality. Using the CHSH variant of the Bell test, this violation has been observed with photons, atoms, solid state spins, and artificial atoms in superconducting circuits. For larger, more distinguishable states, the conflict between quantum predictions and our classical expectations is typically resolved due to the rapid onset of decoherence. To investigate this reconciliation, one can employ a superposition of coherent states in an oscillator, known as a cat state. In contrast to discrete systems, one can continuously vary the size of the prepared cat state and therefore its dependence on decoherence. Here we demonstrate and quantify entanglement between an artificial atom and a cat state in a cavity, which we call a `Bell-cat' state. We use a circuit QED architecture, high-fidelity measurements, and real-time feedback control to violate Bell's inequality without post-selection or corrections for measurement inefficiencies. Furthermore, we investigate the influence of decoherence by continuously varying the size of created Bell-cat states and characterize the entangled system by joint Wigner tomography. These techniques provide a toolset for quantum information processing with entangled qubits and resonators. While recent results have demonstrated a high level of control of such systems, this experiment demonstrates that information can be extracted efficiently and with high fidelity, a crucial requirement for quantum computing with resonators.
Elio Conte; Andrei Yuri Khrennikov; Orlando Todarello; Antonio Federici; Joseph P. Zbilut
2008-04-10T23:59:59.000Z
In the first part of the paper we reach an experimental final confirmation that mental states follow quantum mechanics. In the second part further experimentation indicates that in mind states Bell inequality violation is possible.
Strengthening Building Retrofit Markets
Templeton, Mary [Michigan Saves; Jackson, Robert [Michigan Energy Office
2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z
The Business Energy Financing (BEF) program offered commercial businesses in Michigan affordable financing options and other incentives designed to support energy efficiency improvements. We worked through partnerships with Michigan utilities, lenders, building contractors, trade associations, and other community organizations to offer competitive interest rates and flexible financing terms to support energy efficiency projects that otherwise would not have happened. The BEF program targeted the retail food market, including restaurants, grocery stores, convenience stores, and wholesale food vendors, with the goal of achieving energy efficiency retrofits for 2 percent of the target market. We offered low interest rates, flexible payments, easy applications and approval processes, and access to other incentives and rebates. Through these efforts, we sought to help customers strive for energy savings retrofits that would save 20 percent or more on their energy use. This program helped Michigan businesses reduce costs by financing energy efficient lighting, heating and cooling systems, insulation, refrigeration, equipment upgrades, and more. Businesses completed the upgrades with the help of our authorized contractors, and, through our lending partners, we provided affordable financing options.
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently AskedEnergyIssues DOE's NuclearSpurringSteam SystemsStrategic Programs4 E n E rgyB
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AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our Instagram Secretary900Steep SlopeStochasticPlanHigh-LevelStreamlining
Christopher J. Wood; Robert W. Spekkens
2014-12-05T23:59:59.000Z
An active area of research in the fields of machine learning and statistics is the development of causal discovery algorithms, the purpose of which is to infer the causal relations that hold among a set of variables from the correlations that these exhibit. We apply some of these algorithms to the correlations that arise for entangled quantum systems. We show that they cannot distinguish correlations that satisfy Bell inequalities from correlations that violate Bell inequalities, and consequently that they cannot do justice to the challenges of explaining certain quantum correlations causally. Nonetheless, by adapting the conceptual tools of causal inference, we can show that any attempt to provide a causal explanation of nonsignalling correlations that violate a Bell inequality must contradict a core principle of these algorithms, namely, that an observed statistical independence between variables should not be explained by fine-tuning of the causal parameters. In particular, we demonstrate the need for such fine-tuning for most of the causal mechanisms that have been proposed to underlie Bell correlations, including superluminal causal influences, superdeterminism (that is, a denial of freedom of choice of settings), and retrocausal influences which do not introduce causal cycles.
Black Hole Enthalpy and an Entropy Inequality for the Thermodynamic Volume
Cvetic, M; Kubiznak, D; Pope, C N
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In a theory where the cosmological constant \\Lambda or the gauge coupling constant g arises as the vacuum expectation value, its variation should be included in the first law of thermodynamics for black holes. This becomes dE= TdS + \\Omega_i dJ_i + \\Phi_\\alpha d Q_\\alpha + \\Theta d \\Lambda, where E is now the enthalpy of the spacetime, and \\Theta, the thermodynamic conjugate of \\Lambda, is proportional to an effective volume V = -\\frac{16 \\pi \\Theta}{D-2} "inside the event horizon." Here we calculate \\Theta and V for a wide variety of D-dimensional charged rotating asymptotically AdS black hole spacetimes, using the first law or the Smarr relation. We compare our expressions with those obtained by implementing a suggestion of Kastor, Ray and Traschen, involving Komar integrals and Killing potentials, which we construct from conformal Killing-Yano tensors. We conjecture that the volume V and the horizon area A satisfy the inequality R\\equiv ((D-1)V/{\\cal A}_{D-2})^{1/(D-1)}\\, ({\\cal A}_{D-2}/A)^{1/(D-2)}\\ge1, ...
Loss-tolerant hybrid measurement test of CHSH inequality with weakly amplified N00N states
Falk Töppel; Magdalena Stobi?ska
2015-02-18T23:59:59.000Z
Although our understanding of Bell's theorem and experimental techniques to test it have improved over the last 40 years, thus far all Bell tests have suffered at least from the detection or the locality loophole. Most photonic Bell tests rely on inefficient discrete-outcome measurements, often provided by photon counting detection. One possible way to close the detection loophole in photonic Bell tests is to involve efficient continuous-variable measurements instead, such as homodyne detection. Here, we propose a test of the Clauser-Horne-Shimony-Holt (CHSH) inequality that applies photon counting and homodyne detection on weakly amplified two-photon N00N states. The scheme suggested is remarkably robust against experimental imperfections and suits the limits of current technology. As amplified quantum states are considered, our work also contributes to the exploration of entangled macroscopic quantum systems. Further, it may constitute an alternative platform for a loophole-free Bell test, which is also important for quantum-technological applications.
General Solutions of Cosmological Equations with Inequalities for Perfect Fluid and Scalar Field
A. Das; N. Tariq; R. M. W. Woodside
2006-10-19T23:59:59.000Z
Spherically symmetric cosmological equations in the usual FLRW coordinates are explored, with different sources. The first couples a perfect fluid with a quintessence scalar field and the second couples a perfect fluid to a tachyonic scalar field. In both cases, in the inflationary regime, the scale factor a(t) and its first two time derivatives are positive definite. Both sources in the matter phase yield a scale factor and its first derivative as positive definite. In both cases and in each phase, the general solutions of the differential equations together with the algebraic and differential inequalities are obtained. As special cases, exponential, hyperbolic, and power law inflation, as well as power law expansion for the matter phase are all derived from the general solutions. With recent data on baryonic matter, Hubble parameter and deceleration parameter, the relative percentages of baryonic matter, daek matter and dark energy are calculated. The quintessence model yields: 4% baryonic matter, 18% dark matter, and 78% dark energy. The tachyonic model gives: 4% baryonic matter, 36% dark matter, and 60% dark energy.
Tsuyoshi Ito; Hirotada Kobayashi; Daniel Preda; Xiaoming Sun; Andrew C. -C. Yao
2008-04-11T23:59:59.000Z
A central question in quantum information theory and computational complexity is how powerful nonlocal strategies are in cooperative games with imperfect information, such as multi-prover interactive proof systems. This paper develops a new method for proving limits of nonlocal strategies that make use of prior entanglement among players (or, provers, in the terminology of multi-prover interactive proofs). Instead of proving the limits for usual isolated provers who initially share entanglement, this paper proves the limits for "commuting-operator provers", who share private space, but can apply only such operators that are commutative with any operator applied by other provers. Commuting-operator provers are at least as powerful as usual isolated but prior-entangled provers, and thus, limits for commuting-operator provers immediately give limits for usual entangled provers. Using this method, we obtain an n-party generalization of the Tsirelson bound for the Clauser-Horne- Shimony-Holt inequality for every n. Our bounds are tight in the sense that, in every n-party case, the equality is achievable by a usual nonlocal strategy with prior entanglement. We also apply our method to a 3-prover 1-round binary interactive proof for NEXP. Combined with the technique developed by Kempe, Kobayashi, Matsumoto, Toner and Vidick to analyze the soundness of the proof system, it is proved to be NP-hard to distinguish whether the entangled value of a 3-prover 1-round binary-answer game is equal to 1 or at most 1-1/p(n) for some polynomial p, where n is the number of questions. This is in contrast to the 2-prover 1-round binary-answer case, where the corresponding problem is efficiently decidable. Alternatively, NEXP has a 3-prover 1-round binary interactive proof system with perfect completeness and soundness 1-2^{-poly}.
Anderson, K.R.; Stubbins, J.F. (Illinois Univ., Urbana, IL (USA)); Garner, F.A.; Hamilton, M.L. (Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (USA))
1990-06-01T23:59:59.000Z
Dispersion strengthened copper alloys have shown promise for certain high heat flux applications in both near term and long term fusion devices. This study examines mechanical properties changes and microstructural evolution in several oxide dispersion strengthened alloys which were subjected to high levels of irradiation-induced displacement damage. Irradiations were carried out in FFTF to 34 and 50 dpa at 411--414{degree}C and 32 dpa at 529{degree}C. The alloys include several oxide dispersion-strengthened alloys based on the Cu-Al system, as well as ones based on the Cu-Cr and Cu-Hf systems. Of this group, certain of the Cu-Al alloys, those produced by an internal oxidation technique to contain alumina weight fractions of 0.15 to 0.25% outperformed the other alloys in all respects. These alloys, designated CuAl15, CuAl20, and CuAl25, were found to be resistant to void swelling up to 50 dpa at 414{degree}C, and to retain their superior mechanical and physical properties after extended irradiation. The major factor which controls the stability during irradiation was found to be the dispersoid volume fraction and distribution. The other alloys examined were less resistant to radiation-induced properties changes for a variety of reasons. Some of these include dispersoid redistribution by ballistic resolution, effects of retained dissolved oxygen, and non-uniformity of dispersion distribution. The effect of laser welding was also examined. This joining technique was found to be unacceptable since it destroys the dispersoid distribution and thereby the resistance of the alloys to radiation-induced damage.
Analysis of the Christensen et al. Clauser-Horne (CH)-Inequality-Based Test of Local Realism
Donald A. Graft
2015-01-03T23:59:59.000Z
The Clauser-Horne (CH) inequality can validly test aspects of locality when properly applied. This paper analyzes a recent CH-based EPRB experiment, the Christensen et al. experiment. Full details of the data analysis applied to the experiment are given. It is shown that the experiment confirms locality and disconfirms the quantum joint prediction. Additionally, the paper contributes to promulgation of robust and correct data analysis by describing the important degrees of freedom that affect the analysis, and that must be addressed in the analysis of any experiment.
Narasayya, Vivek
Global Economy and IT IT: Recovery and Growth Government and IT IT and Society Strengthening Economies Innovation in information technology (IT) has fueled unprecedented economic gains in the last 30-term stimulus to local economies but also position both developed and developing economies to compete
Andrei Khrennikov
2011-12-03T23:59:59.000Z
We present a purely wave model (based on classical random field) which reproduces quantum probabilities (given by the fundamental law of quantum mechanics, Born's rule) including probabilities for joint detection of a pair of quantum observables (e.g., spin or polarization projections). The crucial point of our approach is that the presence of detector's threshold and calibration procedure have to be treated not as simply experimental technicalities, but as the basic counteparts of the theoretical model. The presence of the background field (vacuum fluctuations) is also the key-element of our prequantum model. It is of the classical signal type and the methods of classical signal theory (including statistical radiophysics) are used for its development. We stress that our prequantum model is not objective, i.e., the values of observables (clicks of detectors) cannot be assigned in advance, i.e., before measurement. Hence, the dilemma, nonobjectivity or nonlocality, is resolved in favor of nonobjectivity (our model is local of the classical field type). In particular, we reproduce the probabilities for the EPR-experiment for photon polarization and, hence, violate CHSH inequality for classical random signals (measured by the threshold type and properly calibrated detectors acting in the presence of the background field).
Seven principles for strengthening research
Rambaut, Andrew
Interventions of Poverty-related Diseases (NACCAP) African Poverty-related Infection Oriented Research
Jose M. Pacheco
2007-01-21T23:59:59.000Z
Often some interesting or simply curious points are left out when developing a theory. It seems that one of them is the existence of an upper bound for the fraction of area of a convex and closed plane area lying outside a circle with which it shares a diameter, a problem stemming from the theory of isoperimetric inequalities. In this paper such a bound is constructed and shown to be attained for a particular area. It is also shown that convexity is a necessary condition in order to avoid the whole area lying outside the circle.
Rucci, A.; Vasco, D.W.; Novali, F.
2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
Deformation in the overburden proves useful in deducing spatial and temporal changes in the volume of a producing reservoir. Based upon these changes we estimate diffusive travel times associated with the transient flow due to production, and then, as the solution of a linear inverse problem, the effective permeability of the reservoir. An advantage an approach based upon travel times, as opposed to one based upon the amplitude of surface deformation, is that it is much less sensitive to the exact geomechanical properties of the reservoir and overburden. Inequalities constrain the inversion, under the assumption that the fluid production only results in pore volume decreases within the reservoir. We apply the formulation to satellite-based estimates of deformation in the material overlying a thin gas production zone at the Krechba field in Algeria. The peak displacement after three years of gas production is approximately 0.5 cm, overlying the eastern margin of the anticlinal structure defining the gas field. Using data from 15 irregularly-spaced images of range change, we calculate the diffusive travel times associated with the startup of a gas production well. The inequality constraints are incorporated into the estimates of model parameter resolution and covariance, improving the resolution by roughly 30 to 40%.
Support for the Democratic Process in Europe
Bartolomé Peral, Edurne
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
the effect of the economic evaluation seems to be crucialevaluations, such economic evaluations and their personalon short term evaluations, especially economic performance,
Dictators, democrats, and development in Nigeria
LeVan, Arthur Carl
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Character and Federalism in Nigeria. Ed. Ekeh, Peter P. andas Emergent Power Factor in Nigeria. Ibadan: Heinemann.rule in southeastern Nigeria, 1891- 1929. London: Longman.
Democratic Transition and Political Violence in Nigeria
Obadare, Ebenezer
1999-01-05T23:59:59.000Z
Des temps coloniaux à nos jours, l'activité politique a toujours été accompagnée d'un certain niveau de violence au Nigeria. Les deux tentatives d'instauration de la démocratie civile durant la première et seconde républiques se sont soldées par un...
Dictators, democrats, and development in Nigeria
LeVan, Arthur Carl
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Senate in May 2005. U.S. Representative John Conyers, Jr. (passed by the House of Representatives in 2004 and by theensure that policy making is representative of the country’s
Support for the Democratic Process in Europe
Bartolomé Peral, Edurne
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Sozialforschung, Berlin. Linde, Jonas and Ekman, Joakim (it would be required, as Linde and Ekman (2003: 392)Svenson 1995, Dalton 2003, 2002, Linde y Eckman 2002). This
Democratic Governance: Systems and Radical Perspectives
Bevir, Mark
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
and the new public management, new institutionalists promotediplomacy not the new public management (Granovetter 1994;
Vote Buying and Accountability in Democratic Africa
Kramon, Eric
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Agriculture Education Electricity Health Roads Water Vote2010. Electricity Agriculture Roads Water Health Educationwith Electricity Share with No Formal Education Primary
Democratic Institutions and Provision of Public Good
Saha, Sarani
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
2003. [3] R. T. Deacon and S. Saha. Public Good Provision byof a Public Good Sarani Saha PhD Candidate Donald Brenof a Public Good Sarani Saha PhD Candidate Donald Bren
Peter Liaw; Gautam Ghosh; Mark Asta; Morris Fine; Chain Liu
2010-04-30T23:59:59.000Z
The objective of the proposed research is to utilize modern computational tools, integrated with focused experiments, to design innovative ferritic NiAl-strengthened superalloys for fossil-energy applications at temperatures up to 1,033 K. Specifically, the computational alloy design aims toward (1) a steady-state creep rate of approximately 3 x 10{sup -11} s{sup -1} at a temperature of 1,033 K and a stress level of 35 MPa, (2) a ductility of 10% at room temperature, and (3) good oxidation and corrosion resistance at 1,033 K. The research yielded many outstanding research results, including (1) impurity-diffusion coefficients in {alpha} Fe have been calculated by first principles for a variety of solute species; (2) the precipitates were characterized by the transmission-electron microscopy (TEM) and analytical-electron microscopy (AEM), and the elemental partitioning has been determined; (3) a bending ductility of more than 5% has been achieved in the unrolled materials; and (4) optimal compositions with minimal secondary creep rates at 973 K have been determined. Impurity diffusivities in {alpha} Fe have been calculated within the formalisms of a harmonic transition-state theory and Le Claire nine-frequency model for vacancy-mediated diffusion. Calculated diffusion coefficients for Mo and W impurities are comparable to or larger than that for Fe self-diffusion. Calculated activation energies for Ta and Hf impurities suggest that these solutes should display impurity-diffusion coefficients larger than that for self-diffusion in the body-centered cubic Fe. Preliminary mechanical-property studies identified the alloy Fe-6.5Al-10Ni-10Cr-3.4Mo-0.25Zr-0.005B (FBB-8) in weight percent (wt.%) for detailed investigations. This alloy shows precipitation of NiAl particles with an average diameter of 130 nm. In conjunction with the computational alloy design, selected experiments are performed to investigate the effect of the Al content on the ductility and creep of prototype Fe-Ni-Cr-Al-Mo alloys. Three-point-bending experiments show that alloys containing more than 5 wt.% Al exhibit poor ductility (< 2%) at room temperature, and their fracture mode is predominantly of a cleavage type. Two major factors governing the poor ductility are (1) the volume fraction of NiAl-type precipitates, and (2) the Al content in the {alpha}-Fe matrix. A bend ductility of more than 5% can be achieved by lowering the Al concentration to 3 wt.% in the alloy. The alloy containing about 6.5 wt.% Al is found to have an optimal combination of hardness, ductility, and minimal creep rate at 973 K. A high volume fraction of precipitates is responsible for the good creep resistance by effectively resisting the dislocation motion through Orowan-bowing and dislocation-climb mechanisms. The effects of stress on the creep rate have been studied. With the threshold-stress compensation, the stress exponent is determined to be 4, indicating power-law dislocation creep. The threshold stress is in the range of 40-53 MPa. The addition of W can significantly reduce the secondary creep rates. Compared to other candidates for steam-turbine applications, FBB-8 does not show superior creep resistance at high stresses (> 100 MPa), but exhibit superior creep resistance at low stresses (< 60 MPa).
STOCHASTIC VARIATIONAL INEQUALITIES: RESIDUAL ...
2011-02-20T23:59:59.000Z
Feb 20, 2011 ... to failure of the equilibrium. Mathematical analysis and practical examples show that the ERM-formulation is robust in the sense that its solution ...
Brinker, C. Jeffrey
Nanotechnology Now - Press Release: "Sandia and UNM lead effort to destroy cancers: Boosting medicine with nanotechnology strengthens drug cocktail many times over" http://www.nanotech-now.com/news.cgi?story_id=42258[4/21/2011 11:23:41 AM] About Us Nanotechnology News Columns Products Directories Career Center
Strengthening Line Management Oversight and Federal Monitoring...
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Basis Program Review of TSRs, USQs and SERs February 2015 i Standard Review Plan Volume 5 Nuclear Safety Basis Program Review of TSRs, USQs and SERs Facility Life Cycle...
Strengthening Line Management Oversight and Federal Monitoring...
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Review Overview and Management Oversight February 2015 i Standard Review Plan Volume 1 Nuclear Safety Basis Program Review Overview and Management Oversight Facility Life Cycle...
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Safety Basis Program Review During Design February 2015 i Standard Review Plan Volume 2 Nuclear Safety Basis Program Review during Design Facility Life Cycle Applicability CD-1...
Characterization of microstructural strengthening in the heat...
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optical microscopy, electron backscatter diffraction and atom-probe tomography (APT) techniques. Coarsening of Cu precipitates were observed in the subcritical and...
Oxide strengthened molybdenum-rhenium alloy
Bianco, Robert (Cleveland, OH); Buckman, Jr., R. William (Pittsburgh, PA)
2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Provided is a method of making an ODS molybdenum-rhenium alloy which includes the steps of: (a) forming a slurry containing molybdenum oxide and a metal salt dispersed in an aqueous medium, the metal salt being selected from nitrates or acetates of lanthanum, cerium or thorium; (b) heating the slurry in the presence of hydrogen to form a molybdenum powder comprising molybdenum and an oxide of the metal salt; (c) mixing rhenium powder with the molybdenum powder to form a molybdenum-rhenium powder; (d) pressing the molybdenum-rhenium powder to form a molybdenum-rhenium compact; (e) sintering the molybdenum-rhenium compact in hydrogen or under a vacuum to form a molybdenum-rhenium ingot; and (f) compacting the molybdenum-rhenium ingot to reduce the cross-sectional area of the molybdenum-rhenium ingot and form a molybdenum-rhenium alloy containing said metal oxide. The present invention also provides an ODS molybdenum-rhenium alloy made by the method. A preferred Mo--Re-ODS alloy contains 7-14 weight % rhenium and 2-4 volume % lanthanum oxide.
Strengthened PT-symmetry with P $\
Miloslav Znojil
2006-01-09T23:59:59.000Z
Two alternative scenarios are shown possible in Quantum Mechanics working with non-Hermitian $PT-$symmetric form of observables. While, usually, people assume that $P$ is a self-adjoint indefinite metric in Hilbert space (and that their $P-$pseudo-Hermitian Hamiltonians $H$ possess the real spectra etc), we propose to relax the constraint $P=P^\\dagger$ as redundant. Non-Hermitian triplet of coupled square wells is chosen for illustration purposes. Its solutions are constructed and the observed degeneracy of their spectrum is attributed to the characteristic nontrivial symmetry $S={P}^{-1} {P}^\\dagger \
Strengthening Our Partnerships with Historically Black Colleges...
students William Dumpson, left, and Alejandra Chirino, center, talk with Savannah River National Laboratory Director Dr. Terry Michalske at a recent research exchange...
Research Articles Strengthening the Capacity of Local
century.1 However, new threats to public health--air and noise pollution, solid and hazardous wastes Buchanan, PhDg SYNOPSIS Objectives. We evaluated the effectiveness of the Protocol for Assessing Com munity of the protocol. Results. We received 656 total responses: 354 had not considered implemen tation, 302 had
Strengthening Line Management Oversight and Federal Monitoring...
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Management, September 2003 4. DOE G 430.1-2, Implementation Guide for Surveillance and Maintenance during Facility Transition and Disposition, September 1999 5. DOE G 430.1-3,...
Executive Order 13423: Strengthening Federal Environmental, Energy...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
least 30 percent post-consumer fiber content; (e) ensure that the agency (i) reduces the quantity of toxic and hazardous chemicals and materials acquired, used, or disposed of by...
DIRECTIONAL RECRYSTALLISATION IN DISPERSION STRENGTHENED ALLOYS
Cambridge, University of
in the Phase Transformations Group at the Department of Materials Science and Metallurgy, University metallurgy of this particular process, and t
Strengthening the Workforce in Better Buildings Neighborhoods
Sperling, Gil; Adams, Cynthia; Fiori, Laura; Penzkover, Dave; Wood, Danny; Farris, Joshua
2013-05-29T23:59:59.000Z
The Better Buildings Neighborhood Program is supporting an expanding energy efficiency workforce upgrading buildings in communities around the country. Contractors are being trained and have access to additional job opportunities, spurring local economic growth while helping Americans use less energy, save money, and be more comfortable in their homes and other buildings.
Strengthening the Workforce in Better Buildings Neighborhoods
Sperling, Gil; Adams, Cynthia; Fiori, Laura; Penzkover, Dave; Wood, Danny; Farris, Joshua
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The Better Buildings Neighborhood Program is supporting an expanding energy efficiency workforce upgrading buildings in communities around the country. Contractors are being trained and have access to additional job opportunities, spurring local economic growth while helping Americans use less energy, save money, and be more comfortable in their homes and other buildings.
Strengthening Line Management Oversight and Federal Monitoring...
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Safety Analysis iv PHA Preliminary Hazards Analysis PSDR Preliminary Safety Design Report PSVR Preliminary Safety Validation Report QA Quality Assurance RF Respirable Fraction...
Strengthening the Loan Program | Department of Energy
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently AskedEnergyIssues DOE's NuclearSpurringSteam SystemsStrategic Programs4
Strengthening Cyber Security | Department of Energy
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreakingMayDepartment of StaffingStorage Water HeatersYears 2003
Strengthening Cyber Security | Department of Energy
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOriginEducationVideoStrategic Safety Goals Strategic Safety Goals JulyIntegratedDepartmentE n
Strengthening the Loan Program | Department of Energy
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn April 23, 2014,Zaleski -Blueprint | Department
Generalized entropy, fractional logarithmic Sobolev inequality, and Beckner type inequality
Shigekawa, Ichiro
-Sobolev inequali* *ty and discuss the relation between the spectral gap and the OE-Sobolev inequalit* *y
GROTHENDIECK INEQUALITIES FOR SEMIDEFINITE PROGRAMS ...
2010-11-04T23:59:59.000Z
Nov 4, 2010 ... a graph whose chromatic number is k, i.e., one can color its vertices with k colors so that adjacent ..... Andrews, Askey, Roy [3, p. 235, Exercise ...
Concentration Inequalities Stephane Boucheron1
Trias Fargas 25-27, 08005 Barcelona, Spain lugosi@upf.es WWW home page: http://www.econ.upf.es/~lugosi 3
Urban health and health inequalities
.1.2 Brownfield restoration and remediation 66 10.1.3 Partnerships 66 10.1.4 Targeted grants 67 10.1.5 Community
Development of Fusion Power Chris Llewellyn Smith Director, UKAEA Culham Chairman Consultative Committee) people of the importance of developing fusion as (potentially) an environmentally responsible source (used to fuel a fusion power station) 200,000 KW-hrs = (total US electricity production for 15 years
Accelerating and democratizing science through cloud-based services.
Foster, I. (CLS-CI); ( MCS)
2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z
Many businesses today save time and money, and increase their agility, by outsourcing mundane IT tasks to cloud providers. The author argues that similar methods can be used to overcome the complexities inherent in increasingly data-intensive, computational, and collaborative scientific research. He describes Globus Online, a system that he and his colleagues are developing to realize this vision. he scientific community today has unprecedented opportunities to effect transformational change in how individuals and teams engage in discovery. The driving force is a set of interrelated new capabilities that, when harnessed, can enable dramatic acceleration in the discovery process: greater availability of massive data, exponentially faster computers, ultra-high-speed networks, and deep interdisciplinary collaboration. The opportunity - and challenge - is to make these capabilities accessible not just to a few 'big science' projects but to every researcher at every level. Here, I argue that the key to seizing this opportunity is embracing software delivery methods that haven't been widely adopted in research, notably software as a service (SaaS) - a technology that forms an important part of what people refer to as the cloud. I also describe projects in the Computation Institute at the University of Chicago and Argonne National Laboratory that aim to realize this vision, focusing initially on data movement and management.
Understanding Democratic Congruence: A Demand-Supply Perspective
Welzel, Christian; Klingemann, Hans-Dieter
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Ireland Philippines India Croatia France Argentina Luxemb.S. Korea Domin. R. Jordan Croatia Latvia Morocco BrazilSlovenia Uruguay Mexico Croatia Brazil Domin. R. Cyprus
Democratization and the development of Japan's uneven welfare state
Shimabukuro, Yumiko T
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Comparative data reveal that Japan consistently has had one of the highest poverty rates among advanced industrialized nations, yet its government taxes the poor more heavily and gives them less in public cash transfers ...
Team Teaching Beginning Spanish at a University: A Democratic Model
Minor, Denise E.
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
R. (1995). Interdisciplinary courses and team teaching: Newsafe for uncertainty: Teams, teaching and school reform.A. & Davis-Wiley, P. (2000). Team teaching a graduate course
Equalizing Superstars: The Internet and the Democratization of Education
Acemoglu, Daron
Internet-based educational resources are proliferating rapidly. One concern associated with these (potentially transformative) technological changes is that they will be disequalizing—as many technologies of the last several ...
Understanding Democratic Congruence: A Demand-Supply Perspective
Welzel, Christian; Klingemann, Hans-Dieter
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Uganda Tanzania Venezuela Kyrgyzstan Moldova Russia GeorgiaUganda Belarus Russia Kyrgyzstan Macedonia Nigeria Indonesia
Democratizing global tourism or designing diversity to reach harmony
Radoman, Slobodan, M. Arch. Massachusetts Institute of Technology
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The largest lake in the Balkans, the largest bird "airport" in Europe, multinational, protected under the Ramsar Convention, a candidate for the UNESCO transboundary biosphere enlisting, the Skadar Lake is yet, economically ...
Equalizing Superstars: The Internet and the Democratization of Education
Acemoglu, Daron
2014-01-17T23:59:59.000Z
Educational resources distributed via the Internet are rapidly proliferating. One prominent concern associated with these potentially transformative developments is that, as many of the leading technologies of the last ...
Federal Institutions and the Democratic Transition: Lessons From South Africa
Rubinfeld, Daniel
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
of Southern Africa (1995), South Africa’s Nine Provinces:Human Development Profile, South Africa: Development Bank ofRegionalism in the New South Africa, Brookfield, U.S. :
Democratic Republic of Congo-National Adaptation Plan Global...
Environment Programme (UNEP) Partner World Health Organization (WHO), UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), International Fund for Agriculture and Development (IFAD),...
Democratic Republic of Congo-Nationally Appropriate Mitigation...
Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) in the Congo Basin AgencyCompany Organization Environment Canada, International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD) Sector Climate, Energy,...
Explaining the International Environmental Cooperation of Democratic Countries
Recchia, Steven
2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Protocol on Substances that Deplete Ozone Layer 7. Basel Convention on the Movements of Hazardous Wastes
Understanding Democratic Congruence: A Demand-Supply Perspective
Welzel, Christian; Klingemann, Hans-Dieter
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Austria Denmark Portugal Uruguay Iceland Spain SlovakiaCyprus Italy Estonia Malta Uruguay Taiwan Hungary Greece S.Slovakia Argentina Slovenia Uruguay Mexico Croatia Brazil
Democratic Republic of Congo-Low Emission Capacity Building Programme...
for 2050. The country exported 500,000 tons of copper in 2010, as well as oil, still poverty reduction is one of the main efforts of the government.vii In its Poverty Reduction...
Federal Institutions and the Democratic Transition: Lessons From South Africa
Rubinfeld, Daniel
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
? = 2050 Rand. Technology and Costs (a e , a m , a u ): Theand a u = 7 (years). Technology and Costs (S): The costs perS = 100,000 Rand. Technology and Costs (m): If the central
Center for the Study of Democratic Institutions 230 Appleton Place
Palmeri, Thomas
practices and permit consistent measurement. The Vanderbilt Poll asked Tennesseans about a variety of important topics. A series of questions asked about the upcoming presidential race. Tennesseans were asked
Democratic Planning in Seattle: Distributive Outcomes Across Neighborhoods
Lingafelter, Teresa
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
incinerators, which led to a city-wide recycling program,incinerators, which led to a city-wide recycling program,
Understanding Democratic Congruence: A Demand-Supply Perspective
Welzel, Christian; Klingemann, Hans-Dieter
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Luxemb. Mexico G.B. El Salv. Malta Italy Peru NL SloveniaSlovenia Cyprus Italy Estonia Malta Uruguay Taiwan HungaryBrazil Domin. R. Cyprus Chile Malta Portugal Peru Venezuela
Democratic Republic of Congo-REDD Programme | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluating A Potential Microhydro SiteDayton Power &
Democratic Republic of Congo-Low Emission Capacity Building Programme
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual Model,DOE Facility DatabaseMichigan: Energy Resources Jump
Democratic Republic of Congo-National Adaptation Plan Global Support
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual Model,DOE Facility DatabaseMichigan: Energy Resources JumpProgramme (NAP-GSP) | Open
Democratic Republic of Congo-Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual Model,DOE Facility DatabaseMichigan: Energy Resources JumpProgramme (NAP-GSP) |
Democratic Republic of Congo: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual Model,DOE Facility DatabaseMichigan: Energy Resources JumpProgramme (NAP-GSP)
COLLOQUIUM: From Democratic Consensus to Cannibalistic Hordes: The
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625govInstrumentstdmadapInactiveVisiting the TWPSuccess Stories Siteandscience,InstitutePlasmaPhysicsPrinciples of
Democratic Republic of Congo-Low Emission Capacity Building Programme
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualPropertyd8c-a9ae-f8521cbb8489 No revision hasda62829c05b NoCounty,Delaware:Demilec Jump(LECBP)
Democratic Republic of Congo: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualPropertyd8c-a9ae-f8521cbb8489 No revision hasda62829c05b NoCounty,Delaware:Demilec
Peterson, Danielle J.; Goorevich, Richard; Hooper, Rich; Scheinman, Lawrence; Tape, James W.
2008-11-03T23:59:59.000Z
International safeguards and export controls are central to ensuring international confidence in the peaceful uses of nuclear materials and technologies and to achieving adequate oversight on the transfer and use of nuclear materials, technology, and equipment required for the development of proliferation-sensitive parts of the nuclear fuel cycle. Although the independent strengths of international safeguards and export controls rely largely on universal adherence, there may be opportunities to exploit the shared strengths of these systems. This article provides background information on the separate evolution of export controls and international safeguards, considers how these two elements of the nonproliferation regime interact, and identifies some possible avenues that could, over time, lead to wholly integrated activities.