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1

Macro-Industrial Working Group 2  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia,(Million Barrels) Crude Oil Reserves in Nonproducing Reservoirs Year2 Macro-Industrial Working Group Macroeconomic

2

Macro-Industrial Working Group: meeting 1  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia,(Million Barrels) Crude Oil Reserves in Nonproducing Reservoirs Year2 Macro-Industrial Working Group MacroeconomicJuly

3

Macro-Industrial Working Group: meeting 1  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia,(Million Barrels) Crude Oil Reserves in Nonproducing Reservoirs Year2 Macro-Industrial Working Group MacroeconomicJuly4

4

Macro-Industrial Working Group: meeting 1  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia,(Million Barrels) Crude Oil Reserves in Nonproducing Reservoirs Year2 Macro-Industrial Working Group

5

Industry Group Learns About Light Source Opportunities  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFun withconfinementEtching.348ASSEMBLY [ICO]Industry Group Learns About Light

6

Jinlong Industrial Group | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429 Throttled (botOpen6 Climate ZoneJerome is aJinlong Industrial Group Jump to:

7

Webinar: ASRAC Commercial/Industrial Pumps Working Group  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

DOE is conducting a public meeting and webinar for the Appliance Standards and Rulemaking Federal Advisory Committee's (ASRAC) Commercial and Industrial Pumps Working Group. For more information,...

8

NREL: News - NREL Assembles Industry Group to Explore Solar Lending...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

914 NREL Assembles Industry Group to Explore Solar Lending Potential May 7, 2014 Increasingly, banks, credit unions, and other lenders are beginning to offer loan products to...

9

Federal Utility Partnership Working Group Industry Commitment...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

utility industry members of the Edison Electric Institute pledge to assist Federal agencies in achieving energy-saving goals. These goals are set in the Energy Policy Act of...

10

Federal Utility Partnership Working Group Industry Commitment  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Investor-owned electric utility industry members of the Edison Electric Institute pledge to assist Federal agencies in achieving energy-saving goals. These goals are set in the Energy Policy Act of...

11

Individual and group electronic brainstorming in an industrial setting.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An experiment was conducted comparing the effectiveness of individual versus group electronic brainstorming in addressing real-world 'wickedly difficult' challenges. Previous laboratory research has engaged small groups of students in answering questions irrelevant to an industrial setting. The current experiment extended this research to larger, real-world employee groups engaged in addressing organization-relevant challenges. Within the present experiment, the data demonstrated that individuals performed at least as well as groups in terms of number of ideas produced and significantly (p < .02) outperformed groups in terms of the quality of those ideas (as measured along the dimensions of originality, feasibility, and effectiveness).

Dornburg, Courtney C.; Stevens, Susan Marie; Davidson, George S.; Hendrickson, Stacey M. Langfitt

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Explaining the increase of competitiveness in the Colombian car industry after the end of import substitution industralization [sic] policies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

At the beginning of the decade of the nineties, Import Substitution Industrialization - ISI- policies were dismantled all over Latin America, including Colombia. This meant that tariff protection for locally produced ...

Carrillo-Mora, Felipe, 1972-

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

912 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INDUSTRY APPLICATIONS, VOL. 47, NO. 2, MARCH/APRIL 2011 Impact of SiC Devices on Hybrid Electric and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

; in particular, the size of the battery bank can be reduced for optimum design. Index Terms--Efficiency, hybrid (SiC) devices as battery interface, motor controller, etc., in a hybrid electric vehicle (HEV]­[5]. The application of SiC devices (as battery interface, motor controller, etc.) in a HEV has merit because

Tolbert, Leon M.

14

Energy Efficiency Improvements and Cost Saving Opportunities in the Corn Wet Milling Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Corn wet milling is the most energy intensive industry in the food and kindred products group (SIC 20). Plants typically spend approximately $15 to 25 million per year on energy, one of its largest operating costs, making energy efficiency...

Galitsky, C.; Worrell, E.

15

Practical Training in Microalgae Utilization with Key Industry Engineering Group Key Industry Engineering Group s.r.o. has developed a biotechnology for the production of an animal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Practical Training in Microalgae Utilization with Key Industry Engineering Group Key Industry on a suspension of Planktochlorella microalgae. The product consists of a suspension of algae in the growing

16

SiC Power MOSFET with Improved Gate Dielectric  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this STTR program, Structured Materials Industries (SMI), and Cornell University are developing novel gate oxide technology, as a critical enabler for silicon carbide (SiC) devices. SiC is a wide bandgap semiconductor material, with many unique properties. SiC devices are ideally suited for high-power, highvoltage, high-frequency, high-temperature and radiation resistant applications. The DOE has expressed interest in developing SiC devices for use in extreme environments, in high energy physics applications and in power generation. The development of transistors based on the Metal Oxide Semiconductor Field Effect Transistor (MOSFET) structure will be critical to these applications.

Sbrockey, Nick M; Tompa, Gary S; Spencer, Michael G; Chandrashekhar, Chandra MVS

2010-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

17

On SIC-POVMs in Prime Dimensions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The generalized Pauli group and its normalizer, the Clifford group, have a rich mathematical structure which is relevant to the problem of constructing symmetric informationally complete POVMs (SIC-POVMs). To date, almost every known SIC-POVM fiducial vector is an eigenstate of a "canonical" unitary in the Clifford group. I show that every canonical unitary in prime dimensions p > 3 lies in the same conjugacy class of the Clifford group and give a class representative for all such dimensions. It follows that if even one such SIC-POVM fiducial vector is an eigenvector of such a unitary, then all of them are (for a given such dimension). I also conjecture that in all dimensions d, the number of conjugacy classes is bounded above by 3 and depends only on d mod 9, and I support this claim with computer computations in all dimensions < 48.

Steven T. Flammia

2006-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

18

New process modeling [sic], design, and control strategies for energy efficiency, high product quality, and improved productivity in the process industries. Final project report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This project was concerned with the development of process design and control strategies for improving energy efficiency, product quality, and productivity in the process industries. In particular, (i) the resilient design and control of chemical reactors, and (ii) the operation of complex processing systems, was investigated. Specific topics studied included new process modeling procedures, nonlinear controller designs, and control strategies for multiunit integrated processes. Both fundamental and immediately applicable results were obtained. The new design and operation results from this project were incorporated into computer-aided design software and disseminated to industry. The principles and design procedures have found their way into industrial practice.

Ray, W. Harmon

2002-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

19

Industrial Hygiene Group annual research report, FY 1981  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Field studies have been performed at several oil shale facilities to identify unique industrial hygiene problems and provide input to inhalation toxicology studies aimed at evaluating the hazards of materials associated with this developing technology. Aerosol physics support has also been provided to develop aerosol generation and animal exposure techniques for evaluating the toxicity of oil shale materials and manmade mineral fibers. As part of the effort to assure a safe, orderly, and timely development of various synfuels, field evaluation of indicator-sampling procedures was perfomed, and industrial hygiene work practices for two synfuel technologies are being prepared. Respirator studies are used to evaluate the performances of special devices (some of which are not in the existing government approval schedules) and of a proposed test procedures for self-contained breathing apparatus. An approval procedure is being developed for air-purifying respirators required for protection against radioiodine, evaluating the adequacy of respirator programs at the Nuclear Regulatory Commission licensee facilities, and developing a program for respirator use under emergency situations. A new aerosol size-characterization stack sampler has been designed, and potential instrument changes to aerosol size monitoring for filter testing are being evaluated. Material permeability tests have identified the protection afforded by protective clothing materials, and improved analytical procedures have been developed for pentachlorophenol and plutonium.

Jackson, J.O.; Ettinger, H.J. (comps.)

1982-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Evolving trend of consolidation in the banking industry : strategies of Mitsubishi UJF Financial Group  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Consolidation in the financial industry has progressed rapidly in many countries. In the United States, large financial corporations, such as Citigroup and JP Morgan Chase, formed complex financial groups and conglomerate ...

Kogure, Takeshi

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "industry group sic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

ET Solar Group Formerly CNS Solar Industry | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address:011-DNA Jump37. It is classified as ASHRAEDuvalJusticeEPS Corp JumpESV Group Jump to:ET

22

Proceedings of the DOE/Industry Sensor Working Group meeting, Austin, Texas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper report contains topics presented at a sensor workshop group meeting. The topics describe measuring instruments of use in the pulp and paper industry. Topics include: measurement of solids fraction; process instrumentation research for the pulp paper industry; real-time non-contact optical surface motion monitor; on-machine sensors to measure paper mechanical properties; hierarchical intelligent control of industrial processes -- an in-parallel lime kiln application; proposal for research on lignin concentration measurement in pulping liquors; and advanced polymeric sensor materials for industrial drying.

Not Available

1988-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

UPDATE ON SIC-BASED INVERTER TECHNOLOGY Abstract This paper presents a study of Silicon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

development of power devices is a critical aspect of the power electronic industry along with new topologies temperature SiC based inverters for automotive and power system applications. Research involves work on highUPDATE ON SIC-BASED INVERTER TECHNOLOGY Abstract ­ This paper presents a study of Silicon Carbide

Tolbert, Leon M.

24

Market development directory for solar industrial process heat systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this directory is to provide a basis for market development activities through a location listing of key trade associations, trade periodicals, and key firms for three target groups. Potential industrial users and potential IPH system designers were identified as the prime targets for market development activities. The bulk of the directory is a listing of these two groups. The third group, solar IPH equipment manufacturers, was included to provide an information source for potential industrial users and potential IPH system designers. Trade associates and their publications are listed for selected four-digit Standard Industrial Code (SIC) industries. Since industries requiring relatively lower temperature process heat probably will comprise most of the near-term market for solar IPH systems, the 80 SIC's included in this chapter have process temperature requirements less than 350/sup 0/F. Some key statistics and a location list of the largest plants (according to number of employees) in each state are included for 15 of the 80 SIC's. Architectural/engineering and consulting firms are listed which are known to have solar experience. Professional associated and periodicals to which information on solar IPH sytstems may be directed also are included. Solar equipment manufacturers and their associations are listed. The listing is based on the SERI Solar Energy Information Data Base (SEIDB).

None

1980-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Dental Budget Process: Determination Schema Industry Sponsored, Industry Supported, University to University, Co-operative Group or Foundation Supported Clinical Trials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

11/5/2013 Dental Budget Process: Determination Schema Industry Sponsored, Industry Supported, University to University, Co-operative Group or Foundation Supported Clinical Trials DENTAL BUDGET PROCESS to have a Budget Workbook done by staff in the Office of Clinical & Translational Research (OCTR) before

Oliver, Douglas L.

26

Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SHIP - Solar heat for industrial processes. Internationalsolar power could be used to provide process heat for

Bernstein, Lenny

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Institut Eurecom1 Institut Eurecom research is partially supported by its industrial members: BMW Group Research & Technology BMW Group  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: BMW Group Research & Technology ­ BMW Group Company, Bouygues Telecom, Cisco Systems, France Telecom

Gesbert, David

28

Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of its electricity requirements in the USA (US DOE, 2002)USA, where motor-driven systems account for 63% of industrial electricity

Bernstein, Lenny

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

options for combined heat and power in Canada. Office ofpolicies to promote combined heat and power in US industry.with fuel inputs in combined heat and power plants being

Bernstein, Lenny

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EJ of primary energy, 40% of the global total of 227 EJ. Bytotal energy use by industry and on the fraction of electricity use consumed by motor driven systems was taken as representative of global

Bernstein, Lenny

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Industry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This chapter addresses past, ongoing, and short (to 2010) and medium-term (to 2030) future actions that can be taken to mitigate GHG emissions from the manufacturing and process industries. Globally, and in most countries, CO{sub 2} accounts for more than 90% of CO{sub 2}-eq GHG emissions from the industrial sector (Price et al., 2006; US EPA, 2006b). These CO{sub 2} emissions arise from three sources: (1) the use of fossil fuels for energy, either directly by industry for heat and power generation or indirectly in the generation of purchased electricity and steam; (2) non-energy uses of fossil fuels in chemical processing and metal smelting; and (3) non-fossil fuel sources, for example cement and lime manufacture. Industrial processes also emit other GHGs, e.g.: (1) Nitrous oxide (N{sub 2}O) is emitted as a byproduct of adipic acid, nitric acid and caprolactam production; (2) HFC-23 is emitted as a byproduct of HCFC-22 production, a refrigerant, and also used in fluoroplastics manufacture; (3) Perfluorocarbons (PFCs) are emitted as byproducts of aluminium smelting and in semiconductor manufacture; (4) Sulphur hexafluoride (SF{sub 6}) is emitted in the manufacture, use and, decommissioning of gas insulated electrical switchgear, during the production of flat screen panels and semiconductors, from magnesium die casting and other industrial applications; (5) Methane (CH{sub 4}) is emitted as a byproduct of some chemical processes; and (6) CH{sub 4} and N{sub 2}O can be emitted by food industry waste streams. Many GHG emission mitigation options have been developed for the industrial sector. They fall into three categories: operating procedures, sector-wide technologies and process-specific technologies. A sampling of these options is discussed in Sections 7.2-7.4. The short- and medium-term potential for and cost of all classes of options are discussed in Section 7.5, barriers to the application of these options are addressed in Section 7.6 and the implication of industrial mitigation for sustainable development is discussed in Section 7.7. Section 7.8 discusses the sector's vulnerability to climate change and options for adaptation. A number of policies have been designed either to encourage voluntary GHG emission reductions from the industrial sector or to mandate such reductions. Section 7.9 describes these policies and the experience gained to date. Co-benefits of reducing GHG emissions from the industrial sector are discussed in Section 7.10. Development of new technology is key to the cost-effective control of industrial GHG emissions. Section 7.11 discusses research, development, deployment and diffusion in the industrial sector and Section 7.12, the long-term (post-2030) technologies for GHG emissions reduction from the industrial sector. Section 7.13 summarizes gaps in knowledge.

Bernstein, Lenny; Roy, Joyashree; Delhotal, K. Casey; Harnisch, Jochen; Matsuhashi, Ryuji; Price, Lynn; Tanaka, Kanako; Worrell, Ernst; Yamba, Francis; Fengqi, Zhou; de la Rue du Can, Stephane; Gielen, Dolf; Joosen, Suzanne; Konar, Manaswita; Matysek, Anna; Miner, Reid; Okazaki, Teruo; Sanders, Johan; Sheinbaum Parado, Claudia

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Energy Efficiency Programs for Small and Medium Sized Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.47 0.60 0.73 0.39 16.59 Lumber SIC 24 2.66 2.29 2.9 2.46 7.55 Furniture SIC 25 1.18 1.28 1.20 0.96 18.33 Paper SIC 26 10.84 9.94 12.56 11.91 -9.88 Printing and 0.62 0.73 0.77 0.76 -21.44 Publishing SIC 27 Chemicals SIC 28 9.99 9.51 9.69 10.44 -4....79 0.87 6.16 Related Products SIC 38 Misc. Manufacturing 1.08 1.10 0.93 1.17 -8.10 SIC39 50 ESL-IE-01-05-08 Proceedings from the Twenty-third National Industrial Energy Technology Conference, Houston, TX, May 1-4, 2001 Energy Intensity (Thousand...

Shipley, A. M.; Elliott, R. N.

33

Solute embrittlement of SiC  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The energies and stresses associated with the decohesion of ?-SiC in the presence of mobile Pd and Ag impurities are studied from first principles. Density functional theory calculations are parameterized with a generalized cohesive zone model and are analyzed within a thermodynamic framework that accounts for realistic boundary conditions in the presence of mobile impurities. We find that Pd impurities will embrittle SiC when Pd is in equilibrium with metallic Pd precipitates. Our thermodynamic analysis predicts that Pd embrittles SiC by substantially reducing the maximum stress of decohesion as a result of a phase transition between decohering planes involving an influx of Pd atoms. The methods presented in this work can be applied to study the thermodynamics of decohesion of SiC in other aggressive environments containing oxygen and water, for example, and yield environment dependent cohesive zone models for use in continuum approaches to study crack propagation and fracture.

Enrique, Raúl A., E-mail: enriquer@umich.edu [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48103 (United States); Van der Ven, Anton, E-mail: avdv@engineering.ucsb.edu [Materials Department, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106-5050 (United States)

2014-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

34

Wettability of Ti3SiC2 by Ag-Cu and Ag-Cu-Ti O. Dezellus,a*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ternary ceramics Mn+1AXn (where M corresponds to an early transition metal, A is an A-group element, and X of metals and ceramic properties [1]. Among these compounds, titanium silicon carbide (Ti3SiC2) has gained, the ternary carbide Ti3SiC2 has gained much attention due to its unique characteristics combining

Boyer, Edmond

35

Technique for mounting SiC fibers for cross-sectional microscopic examination  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Silicon carbide (SiC) fibers are commonly used in many composite and other material applications. It is often of interest to examine cross sections of such fibers microscopically, prior to composite manufacturing processes, to ensure diameter consistency. However, SiC fibers are difficult materials to metallographically mount and polish, because the fibers are harder than most epoxy mounting materials. The difference in hardness between the SiC and the mounting epoxy usually causes rounding of the fibers during final polishing. It is also difficult to position a large group of fibers for cross-sectioning, because a group of closely spaced fibers will have poor bonding to the epoxy. The following technique was developed to improve the preparation of cross-sectional samples of SiC fibers. In this study, fibers of SiC plated with electroless nickel were used to demonstrate the technique. The following outline describes the steps that were taken in preparing a cross-sectional specimen of the plated fibers.

Ptasienski, J.J. (Alcoa Technical Center, Alcoa Center, PA (United States))

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Young Professionals in Nuclear Industry Group Forms at Savannah River Site  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

AIKEN, S.C. – Supporting the development of young nuclear professionals in the Central Savannah River Area (CSRA) is the purpose behind a new group forming at the Savannah River Site (SRS).

37

2014-05-05 Issuance: ASRAC Commercial and Industrial Pumps Working Group; Notice of Open Teleconference/Webinar  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This document is a pre-publication Federal Register notice of open teleconference/webinar regarding the commercial and industrial pumps working group, as issued by the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency on May 5, 2014. Though it is not intended or expected, should any discrepancy occur between the document posted here and the document published in the Federal Register, the Federal Register publication controls. This document is being made available through the Internet solely as a means to facilitate the public's access to this document.

38

Microwave joining of SiC  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this work is to optimize the properties of SiC-SiC joints made using microwave energy. The current focus is on identification of the most effective joining methods for scale-up to large tube assemblies, including joining using SiC produced in situ from chemical precursors. During FY 1996, a new microwave applicator was designed, fabricated and tested that provides the capability for vacuum baking of the specimens and insulation and for processing under inert environment. This applicator was used to join continuous fiber-reinforced (CFCC) SiC/SiC composites using a polymer precursor to form a SiC interlayer in situ.

Silberglitt, R.; Ahmad, I.; Tian, Y.L. [FM Technologies, Inc., Fairfax, VA (United States)] [and others

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Current and future industrial energy service characterizations. Volume II. Energy data on the US manufacturing subsector  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In order to characterize industrial energy service, current energy demand, its end uses, and cost of typical energy applications and resultant services in the industrial sector were examined and a projection of state industrial energy demands and prices to 1990 was developed. Volume II presents in Section 2 data on the US manufacturing subsector energy demand, intensity, growth rates, and cost for 1971, 1974, and 1976. These energy data are disaggregated not only by fuel type but also by user classifications, including the 2-digit SIC industry groups, 3-digit subgroups, and 4-digit SIC individual industries. These data characterize typical energy applications and the resultant services in this subsector. The quantities of fuel and electric energy purchased by the US manufacturing subsector were converted to British thermal units and reported in billions of Btu. The conversion factors are presented in Table 4-1 of Volume I. To facilitate the descriptive analysis, all energy cost and intensity data were expressed in constant 1976 dollars. The specific US industrial energy service characteristics developed and used in the descriptive analysis are presented in Volume I. Section 3 presents the computer program used to produce the tabulated data.

Krawiec, F.; Thomas, T.; Jackson, F.; Limaye, D.R.; Isser, S.; Karnofsky, K.; Davis, T.D.

1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Step-edge-induced resistance anisotropy in quasi-free-standing bilayer chemical vapor deposition graphene on SiC  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The transport properties of quasi-free-standing (QFS) bilayer graphene on SiC depend on a range of scattering mechanisms. Most of them are isotropic in nature. However, the SiC substrate morphology marked by a distinctive pattern of the terraces gives rise to an anisotropy in graphene's sheet resistance, which may be considered an additional scattering mechanism. At a technological level, the growth-preceding in situ etching of the SiC surface promotes step bunching which results in macro steps ?10?nm in height. In this report, we study the qualitative and quantitative effects of SiC steps edges on the resistance of epitaxial graphene grown by chemical vapor deposition. We experimentally determine the value of step edge resistivity in hydrogen-intercalated QFS-bilayer graphene to be ?190???m for step height h{sub S}?=?10?nm and provide proof that it cannot originate from mechanical deformation of graphene but is likely to arise from lowered carrier concentration in the step area. Our results are confronted with the previously reported values of the step edge resistivity in monolayer graphene over SiC atomic steps. In our analysis, we focus on large-scale, statistical properties to foster the scalable technology of industrial graphene for electronics and sensor applications.

Ciuk, Tymoteusz [Institute of Electronic Materials Technology, Wolczynska 133, 01-919 Warsaw (Poland); Institute of Microelectronics and Optoelectronics, Warsaw University of Technology, Koszykowa 75, 00-662 Warsaw (Poland); Cakmakyapan, Semih; Ozbay, Ekmel [Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Department of Physics, Nanotechnology Research Center, Bilkent University, 06800 Bilkent, Ankara (Turkey); Caban, Piotr; Grodecki, Kacper; Pasternak, Iwona; Strupinski, Wlodek, E-mail: wlodek.strupinski@itme.edu.pl [Institute of Electronic Materials Technology, Wolczynska 133, 01-919 Warsaw (Poland); Krajewska, Aleksandra [Institute of Electronic Materials Technology, Wolczynska 133, 01-919 Warsaw (Poland); Institute of Optoelectronics, Military University of Technology, Gen. S. Kaliskiego 2, 00-908 Warsaw (Poland); Szmidt, Jan [Institute of Microelectronics and Optoelectronics, Warsaw University of Technology, Koszykowa 75, 00-662 Warsaw (Poland)

2014-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "industry group sic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Macro Industrial Working Group  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia,(Million Barrels) Crude Oil Reserves in Nonproducing Reservoirs Year

42

Structural and magnetic properties of irradiated SiC  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a comprehensive structural characterization of ferromagnetic SiC single crystals induced by Ne ion irradiation. The ferromagnetism has been confirmed by electron spin resonance, and possible transition metal impurities can be excluded to be the origin of the observed ferromagnetism. Using X-ray diffraction and Rutherford backscattering/channeling spectroscopy, we estimate the damage to the crystallinity of SiC, which mutually influences the ferromagnetism in SiC.

Wang, Yutian; Helm, Manfred [Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, Institute of Ion Beam Physics and Materials Research, P.O. Box 510119, 01314 Dresden (Germany); Technische Universität Dresden, 01062 Dresden (Germany); Chen, Xuliang; Yang, Zhaorong [Key Laboratory of Materials Physics, Institute of Solid State Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei 230031 (China); Li, Lin [Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, Institute of Ion Beam Physics and Materials Research, P.O. Box 510119, 01314 Dresden (Germany); Department of Physics and Electronics, School of Science, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029 (China); Shalimov, Artem; Prucnal, Slawomir; Munnik, Frans; Skorupa, Wolfgang; Zhou, Shengqiang, E-mail: s.zhou@hzdr.de [Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, Institute of Ion Beam Physics and Materials Research, P.O. Box 510119, 01314 Dresden (Germany); Tong, Wei [High Magnetic Field Laboratory, Hefei Institutes of Physical Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei 230031 (China)

2014-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

43

Nanocrystalline SiC and Ti3SiC2 Alloys for Reactor Materials: Diffusion of Fission Product Surrogates  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

MAX phases, such as titanium silicon carbide (Ti3SiC2), have a unique combination of both metallic and ceramic properties, which make them attractive for potential nuclear applications. Ti3SiC2 has been suggested in the literature as a possible fuel cladding material. Prior to the application, it is necessary to investigate diffusivities of fission products in the ternary compound at elevated temperatures. This study attempts to obtain relevant data and make an initial assessment for Ti3SiC2. Ion implantation was used to introduce fission product surrogates (Ag and Cs) and a noble metal (Au) in Ti3SiC2, SiC, and a dual-phase nanocomposite of Ti3SiC2/SiC synthesized at PNNL. Thermal annealing and in-situ Rutherford backscattering spectrometry (RBS) were employed to study the diffusivity of the various implanted species in the materials. In-situ RBS study of Ti3SiC2 implanted with Au ions at various temperatures was also performed. The experimental results indicate that the implanted Ag in SiC is immobile up to the highest temperature (1273 K) applied in this study; in contrast, significant out-diffusion of both Ag and Au in MAX phase Ti3SiC2 occurs during ion implantation at 873 K. Cs in Ti3SiC2 is found to diffuse during post-irradiation annealing at 973 K, and noticeable Cs release from the sample is observed. This study may suggest caution in using Ti3SiC2 as a fuel cladding material for advanced nuclear reactors operating at very high temperatures. Further studies of the related materials are recommended.

Henager, Charles H.; Jiang, Weilin

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Atomic-Level Computer Simulation of SiC: Defect Accumulation...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Atomic-Level Computer Simulation of SiC: Defect Accumulation, Mechanical Properties and Defect Recovery. Atomic-Level Computer Simulation of SiC: Defect Accumulation, Mechanical...

45

Electric Utility Industry Update  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presentation—given at the April 2012 Federal Utility Partnership Working Group (FUPWG) meeting—covers significant electric industry trends and industry priorities with federal customers.

46

Compatibility of SiC and SiC Composites with Molten Lead  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The choice of structural material candidates to contain Lead at 1000 C are limited in number. Silicon carbide composites comprise one choice of possible containment materials. Short term screening studies (120 hours) were undertaken to study the behavior of Silicon Carbide, Silicon Nitride, elemental Silicon and various Silicon Carbide fiber composites focusing mainly on melt infiltrated composites. Isothermal experiments at 1000 C utilized graphite fixtures to contain the Lead and material specimens under a low oxygen partial pressure environment. The corrosion weight loss values (grams/cm{sup 2} Hr) obtained for each of the pure materials showed SiC (monolithic CVD or Hexoloy) to have the best materials compatibility with Lead at this temperature. Increased weight loss values were observed for pure Silicon Nitride and elemental Silicon. For the SiC fiber composite samples those prepared using a SiC matrix material performed better than Si{sub 3}N{sub 4} as a matrix material. Composites prepared using a silicon melt infiltration process showed larger corrosion weight loss values due to the solubility of silicon in lead at these temperatures. When excess silicon was removed from these composite samples the corrosion performance for these material improved. These screening studies were used to guide future long term exposure (both isothermal and non-isothermal) experiments and Silicon Carbide composite fabrication work.

H Tunison

2006-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

47

Industry Alliance Industry Alliance  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Industry Alliance Industry Alliance Clean, Sustainable Energy for the 21st Century Industry Alliance Industry Alliance Clean, Sustainable Energy for the 21st Century October, 2010...

48

archaea ecology sic: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and analysis of lateral SiC N-emitter SiGe P-base Schottky metal-collector (NPM) HBT on SOI Engineering Websites Summary: on SOI M. Jagadesh Kumar *, C. Linga Reddy...

49

Microwave joining of SiC ceramics and composites  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Potential applications of SiC include components for advanced turbine engines, tube assemblies for radiant burners and petrochemical processing and heat exchangers for high efficiency electric power generation systems. Reliable methods for joining SiC are required in order to cost-effectively fabricate components for these applications from commercially available shapes and sizes. This manuscript reports the results of microwave joining experiments performed using two different types of SiC materials. The first were on reaction bonded SiC, and produced joints with fracture toughness equal to or greater than that of the base material over an extended range of joining temperatures. The second were on continuous fiber-reinforced SiC/SiC composite materials, which were successfully joined with a commercial active brazing alloy, as well as by using a polymer precursor.

Ahmad, I.; Silberglitt, R.; Tian, Y.L. [FM Technologies, Inc., Fairfax, VA (United States); Katz, J.D. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Predicting Static Losses in an Inverter-Leg built with SiC Normally-Off JFETs and SiC diodes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Predicting Static Losses in an Inverter-Leg built with SiC Normally-Off JFETs and SiC diodes Xavier details the methodology of a method to calculate static losses in an inverter leg built with SiC Normally model with a constant current. The proposed method is applied to a three phase inverter to evaluate

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

51

Over-Current Protection Scheme for SiC Power MOSFET DC Circuit Breaker  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

V. Radun, “SiC based solid state power controller,” in 23tha solid-state circuit breaker based on SiC power MOSFET withSolid-state DC circuit breakers made of the modern wide bandgap power

Zhang, Yuan; Liang, Yung C.

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Annealing Simulations of Nano-Sized Amorphous Structures in SiC...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Simulations of Nano-Sized Amorphous Structures in SiC. Annealing Simulations of Nano-Sized Amorphous Structures in SiC. Abstract: A two-dimensional model of a nano-sized amorphous...

53

Hollow Core-Shell Structured Porous Si-C Nanocomposites for Li...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Hollow Core-Shell Structured Porous Si-C Nanocomposites for Li-Ion Battery Anodes. Hollow Core-Shell Structured Porous Si-C Nanocomposites for Li-Ion Battery Anodes. Abstract:...

54

Corrosion of SiC and oxide-composite ceramics by a simulated steam-reformer atmosphere  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To achieve higher process efficiency by using pressurized reactants and/or heat transfer fluids, the US DOE is promoting development of high-pressure heat exchanger systems under cost-sharing agreements with industrial contractors. The steam reformer would contain more than 600 tubes. Because the combination of high temperature and pressure differential of 12.7 kg/cm{sup 2} (180 psig) across the tube wall is too severe for metallic tubes, ceramic materials are being considered for reformer tubes. Their use is expected to increase the efficiency of steam reformers by about 19%. At ORNL, four SiC ceramics, a SiC-TiB{sub 2} composite, a Si{sub 3}N{sub 4}-bonded SiC ceramic, and two alumina-matrix composites were selected as candidate materials for heat exchanger/steam-reformer tubes. These commercially available materials were exposed to a simulated steam-reformer atmosphere for up to 2000 h at 1260{degrees}C to assess their corrosion behavior and the effect of the exposure on their flexure strength (in air) at 20 and 1260{degrees}C. The approximate partial pressures of the constituents of the gas mixture at 1 atm total pressure were 0.54 H{sub 2}, 0.13 CO, 0.03 CO{sub 2}m 0.004 CH{sub 4}, and 0.30 H{sub 2}O. All but one material had net weight gains during the exposure test. The flexure strengths of the SiC and Si{sub 3}N{sub 4} ceramics and the SiC-TiB{sub 2} composite at 20 and 1260{degrees}C were not changed significantly by corrosion. The strengths of the alumina-matrix composites were decreased by corrosion; however, the strength of one of these (reinforced with SiC whiskers) was still higher than that of any other material after 500 h. The other alumina composite (containing SiC particles) exhibited the largest strength decrease of any material. The strength retention of the SiC ceramics and the SiC-TiB{sub 2} composite and the strength loss of the composites were associated with surface layers caused by corrosion. 12 refs., 12 figs., 4 tabs.

Federer, J.I.; Kim, H.E.; Moorhead, A.J.

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Nanocrystalline SiC and Ti3SiC2 Alloys for Reactor Materials: Thermal and Mechanical Properties  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

SiC-polymers (pure polycarbosilane and polycarbosilane filled with SiC-particles) are being combined with Si and TiC powders to create a new class of polymer-derived ceramics for consideration as advanced nuclear materials in a variety of applications. Compared to pure SiC these materials have increased fracture toughness with only slightly reduced thermal conductivity. Future work with carbon nanotube (CNT) mats will be introduced with the potential to increase the thermal conductivity and the fracture toughness. At present, this report documents the fabrication of a new class of monolithic polymer derived ceramics, SiC + SiC/Ti3SiC2 dual phase materials. The fracture toughness of the dual phase material was measured to be significantly greater than Hexoloy SiC using indentation fracture toughness testing. However, thermal conductivity of the dual phase material was reduced compared to Hexoloy SiC, but was still appreciable, with conductivities in the range of 40 to 60 W/(m K). This report includes synthesis details, optical and scanning electron microscopy images, compositional data, fracture toughness, and thermal conductivity data.

Henager, Charles H.; Alvine, Kyle J.; Roosendaal, Timothy J.; Shin, Yongsoon; Nguyen, Ba Nghiep; Borlaug, Brennan A.; Jiang, Weilin

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Methane Combustion over Pd/ZrO2/SiC, Pd/CeO2/SiC, Pd/Zr0.5Ce0.5O2/SiC Catalysts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Methane Combustion over Pd/ZrO2/SiC, Pd/CeO2/SiC, Pd/Zr0.5Ce0.5O2/SiC Catalysts Xiaoning Guo a Laboratory of Coal Conversion, Institute of Coal Chemistry, Taiyuan 030001, PR China b GREMI UMR6606 CNRS0.5O2 solid solution) modified Pd/SiC catalysts for methane combustion are studied. XRD and XPS

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

57

Impact of SiC Devices on Hybrid Electric and Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Impact of SiC Devices on Hybrid Electric and Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles Hui Zhang1 , Leon M -- The application of SiC devices (as battery interface, motor controller, etc.) in a hybrid electric vehicle (HEV, vehicle simulation software). Power loss models of a SiC inverter are incorporated into PSAT powertrain

Tolbert, Leon M.

58

Effects of Silicon Carbide (SiC) Power Devices on HEV PWM Inverter Losses*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Effects of Silicon Carbide (SiC) Power Devices on HEV PWM Inverter Losses* Burak Ozpineci1,3 burak and Education Oak Ridge, TN 37831-0117 Abstract-The emergence of silicon carbide- (SiC-) based power, silicon carbide (SiC) with its superior properties compared with Si, is a good candidate to be used

Tolbert, Leon M.

59

NUCLEATION PHENOMENON IN SiC PARTICULATE REINFORCED MAGNESIUM COMPOSITE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NUCLEATION PHENOMENON IN SiC PARTICULATE REINFORCED MAGNESIUM COMPOSITE Y. Cai, D. Taplin, M.J. Tan performance of matrix metals and alloys. Most magnesium alloy based MMCs are produced via a casting process into the last freezing interdendritic regions. For magnesium based composites, both particle pushing (or capture

Zhou, Wei

60

SIC (MUltiple SIgnal Classification) CSP (Cross-power Spectrum Phase)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2ch CSP ( ) 1 MU- SIC (MUltiple SIgnal Classification) CSP (Cross- power Spectrum Phase) [1, 2, 3, 4] [5, 6] [7, 8, 9, 10] [7] CSP CSP [8] [9] CSP [10] Estimation of talker's head orientation based (Kobe univ.) [11] 2ch CSP CSP CSP CSP 2 CSP GCC-PHAT (Generalized Cross- Correlation PHAse Transform

Takiguchi, Tetsuya

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "industry group sic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Impact of SiC Power Electronic Devices for Hybrid Electric Vehicles Leon M. Tolbert1,2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

02FCC-37 Impact of SiC Power Electronic Devices for Hybrid Electric Vehicles Leon M. Tolbert1 properties of silicon carbide (SiC) power electronic devices compared with silicon (Si) are expected to have characteristics of Si and SiC are used to develop a simulation model for SiC power electronics devices. The main

Tolbert, Leon M.

62

Estimates of emergency operating capacity in US manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Development of integrated mobilization preparedness policies requires planning estimates of available productive capacity during national emergency conditions. Such estimates must be developed in a manner that allows evaluation of current trends in capacity and the consideration of uncertainties in various data inputs and in engineering assumptions. This study, conducted by Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL), developed estimates of emergency operating capacity (EOC) for 446 manufacturing industries at the 4-digit Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) level of aggregation and for 24 key non-manufacturing sectors. This volume presents tabular and graphical results of the historical analysis and projections for each SIC industry. (JF)

Belzer, D.B. (Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (USA)); Serot, D.E. (D/E/S Research, Richland, WA (USA)); Kellogg, M.A. (ERCE, Inc., Portland, OR (USA))

1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Working Group Industrial Presentation-2014  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines AboutDecemberSteamYearTexas--StateWinterYearFeet)perWesternPipeline2Gas in

64

Fractographic investigation of flaws in sintered SiC fiber  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Carborundum Company has developed a continuous process to produce multifilament, polycrystalline SiC fiber tow. The process uses a melt spinning approach to make the green fibers wherein the submicron SiC powder is mixed with polymers and the resulting compound is melt spun and extruded through a spinnerette. After extraction, the green fibers are sintered in a continuous sintering line. The properties of this fiber are given. This paper will describe the use of fractography in directing the fiber developmental efforts, specifically on characterization of strength-limiting defects and their origination. Fractographic analysis is also extended to determining strength of fibers at any gauge length and in identifying artifacts associated with the tensile strength testing technique.

Srinivasan, G.V.; Venkateswaran, V. [Carborundum Company, Niagara Falls, NY (United States)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

65

Research on microwave joining of SiC  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Results: identification of optimum joining temperature range for reaction bonded Si carbide at 1420-1500 C; demonstration that specimens joined within this range have fracture roughness greater than as-received material; and demonstration of ability to use SiC formed in situ from the decomposition of polycarbosilane as a joining aid for sintered Si carbide. In the latter case, the interlayer material was also shown to fill any pores in the joining specimens near the interlayer. Together with the demonstration of leaktight joints between tube sections of reaction bonded and sintered SiC under the previous contract, these results provide the foundation for scaleup to joining of the larger and longer tubes needed for radiant burner and heat exchanger tube assemblies. The formation of SiC in situ is important because maintaining roundness of these large tubes is a technical challenge for the tube manufacturer, so that formation of a leaktight joint may require some degree of gap filling.

Silberglitt, R. [FM Technologies, Inc., Fairfax Station, VA (United States)

1995-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

66

Technical and economic analysis: Gas cofiring in industrial boilers. Final report, November 1995-September 1996  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents an analysis of the technical and marketing issues associated with the deployment of natural gas cofiring technology in stoker boilers. As part of the work effort, a composite database of stoker boilers was developed using state and federal emission inventories over the years 1985 - 1995. Information sources included the most recent AIRS Facility Subsystem database, the Ozone Transport Region 1990 database, the 1990 Ohio Permit database and the 1985 NAPAP database--all are electronic databases of facilities with air emission permits. The initial data set included almost 3,000 stokers at about 1,500 locations. Stoker facilities were contacted to verify the operating status, capacity, fuel capability, efficiency and other stoker-specific data. The report presents the current stoker boiler distribution by SIC, industrial groups, primary solid fuel (coal, wood, waste, refuse), operating status, and state. Maps are included.

Potter, F.J.

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

E-Print Network 3.0 - amorphous sic coatings Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Biology and Medicine ; Environmental Sciences and Ecology 9 PRISTINE PRESOLAR SILICON CARBIDE FROM MURCHISON. T. Bernatowicz1 , O. Pravdivtseva1 Summary: %) of the pristine SiC...

68

Morphological Analysis of Zirconium Nuclear Fuel Retaining Rods Braided with SiC: Quality Assurance and Defect Identification  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the after-Fukushima world, the stability of materials under extreme conditions is an important issue for the safety of nuclear reactors. Among the methods explored currently to improve zircaloys’ thermal stability in off-normal conditions, using a protective coat of the SiC filaments is considered because silicon carbide is well known for its remarkable chemical inertness at high temperatures. A typical SiC fiber contains ~50,000 individual filaments of 5 – 10 µm in diameter. In this paper, an effort was made to develop and apply mathematical morphology to the process of automatic defect identification in Zircaloy-4 rods braided with the protective layer of the silicon carbide filament. However, the issues of the braiding quality have to be addressed to ensure its full protective potential. We present the original mathematical morphology algorithms that allow solving this problem of quality assurance successfully. In nuclear industry, such algorithms are used for the first time, and could be easily generalized to the case of automated continuous monitoring for defect identification in the future.

Michael V Glazoff; Robert Hiromoto; Akira Tokuhiro

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Graphene on Carbon-face SiC{0001} Surfaces Formed in a Disilane Environment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Graphene on Carbon-face SiC{0001} Surfaces Formed in a Disilane Environment N. Srivastavaa , Guowei-face, graphene, interface structure, low energy electron microscopy, disilane Abstract. The formation of epitaxial graphene on SiC( 1000 ) in a disilane environment is studied. The higher graphitization

Feenstra, Randall

70

Oxidation of SiC cladding under Loss of Coolant Accident (LOCA) conditions in LWRs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An experimental assessment of Silicon Carbide (SiC) cladding oxidation rate in steam under conditions representative of Loss of Coolant Accidents (LOCA) in light water reactors (LWRs) was conducted. SiC oxidation tests were performed with monolithic alpha phase tubular samples in a vertical quartz tube at a steam temperature of 1140 deg. C and steam velocity range of 1 to 10 m/sec, at atmospheric pressure. Linear weight loss of SiC samples due to boundary layer controlled reaction of silica scale (SiO{sub 2} volatilization) was experimentally observed. The weight loss rate increased with increasing steam flow rate. Over the range of test conditions, SiC oxidation rates were shown to be about 3 orders of magnitude lower than the oxidation rates of zircaloy 4. A SiC volatilization correlation for developing laminar flow in a vertical channel is formulated. (authors)

Lee, Y.; Yue, C.; Arnold, R. P.; McKrell, T. J.; Kazimi, M. S. [Dept. of Nuclear Science and Engineering, Massachusetts Inst. of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02139-4307 (United States)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

SiC's Potential Impact on the Design of Wind Generation System , Leon M. Tolbert1,2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SiC's Potential Impact on the Design of Wind Generation System Hui Zhang1 , Leon M. Tolbert1 National Laboratory Knoxville, TN 37932 Abstract -- The potential impact of SiC devices on a wind temperatures and frequencies. A conclusion is drawn that the SiC converters can improve the wind system

Tolbert, Leon M.

72

Generation and Recombination Carrier Lifetimes in 4H SiC Epitaxial Wafers , M. J. Loboda1)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Generation and Recombination Carrier Lifetimes in 4H SiC Epitaxial Wafers G. Chung1) , M. J. Loboda comparative studies of recombination and carrier lifetimes in SiC. For the first time, both generation-wafer structures. The ratio of the generation to recombination lifetime is much different in SiC compared to Si

Schroder, Dieter K.

73

Industrial Permit  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Protection Obeying Environmental Laws Industrial Permit Industrial Permit The Industrial Permit authorizes the Laboratory to discharge point-source effluents under the...

74

In situ toughened SiC ceramics with Al-B-C additions and oxide-coated SiC platelet/SiC composites  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This work aimed at fabrication and characterization of high toughness SiC ceramics through the applications of in situ toughening and SiC platelet reinforcement. The processing-microstructure-property relations of hot pressed SiC with Al, B, and C additions (designated as ABC-SiC) were investigated. Through a liquid phase sintering mechanism, dense SiC was obtained by hot pressing at a temperature as low as 1,700 C with 3 wt% Al, 0.6 wt% B, and 2 wt% C additions. These sintering aids also enhanced the {beta}-to-{alpha} (3C-to-4H) phase transformation, which promoted SiC grains to grow into plate-like shapes. Under optimal processing conditions, the microstructure exhibited high-aspect-ratio plate-shaped grains with a thin (< 1 nm) Al-containing amorphous grain boundary film. The mechanical properties of the toughened SiC and the composites were evaluated in comparison with a commercial Hexoloy SiC under identical test conditions. The C-curve behavior was examined using the strength-indentation load relationship and compared with that directly measured using precracked compact tension specimens. The in situ toughened ABC-SiC exhibited much improved flaw tolerance and a significantly rising R-curve behavior. A steady-state toughness in excess of 9 MPam{sup 1/2} was recorded for the ABC-SiC in comparison to a single valued toughness below 3 MPam{sup 1/2} for the Hexoloy. Toughening in the ABC-SiC was mainly attributed to grain bridging and subsequent pullout of the plate-shaped grains. The high toughness ABC-SiC exhibited a bend strength of 650 MPa with a Weibull modulus of 19; in comparison, the commercial SiC showed a bend strength of 400 MPa with a Weibull modulus of 6. Higher fracture toughness was also achieved by the reinforcement of SiC platelets, encapsulated with alumina, yttria, or silica, in a SiC matrix.

Cao, J. [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Mineral Engineering; [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States). Materials Sciences Div.

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

SiC MOSFET Based Single Phase Active Boost Rectifier with Power Factor Correction for Wireless Power Transfer Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Wireless Power Transfer (WPT) technology is a novel research area in the charging technology that bridges the utility and the automotive industries. There are various solutions that are currently being evaluated by several research teams to find the most efficient way to manage the power flow from the grid to the vehicle energy storage system. There are different control parameters that can be utilized to compensate for the change in the impedance due to variable parameters such as battery state-of-charge, coupling factor, and coil misalignment. This paper presents the implementation of an active front-end rectifier on the grid side for power factor control and voltage boost capability for load power regulation. The proposed SiC MOSFET based single phase active front end rectifier with PFC resulted in >97% efficiency at 137mm air-gap and >95% efficiency at 160mm air-gap.

Onar, Omer C [ORNL] [ORNL; Tang, Lixin [ORNL] [ORNL; Chinthavali, Madhu Sudhan [ORNL] [ORNL; Campbell, Steven L [ORNL] [ORNL; Miller (JNJ), John M. [JNJ-Miller PLC] [JNJ-Miller PLC

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Ceramic Technology Project database: September 1990 summary report. [SiC, SiN, whisker-reinforced SiN, ZrO-toughened aluminas, zirconias, joints  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Data generated within the Ceramic Technology Project (CTP) represent a valuable resource for both research and industry. The CTP database was created to provide easy access to this information in electronic and hardcopy forms by using a computerized database and by issuing periodic hardcopy reports on the database contents. This report is the sixth in a series of semiannual database summaries and covers recent additions to the database, including joined brazed specimen test data. It covers 1 SiC, 34 SiN, 10 whisker-reinforced SiN, 2 zirconia-toughened aluminas, 8 zirconias, and 34 joints.

Keyes, B.L.P.

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Solar feasibility study for site-specific industrial-process-heat applications. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study addresses the technical feasibility of solar energy in industrial process heat (IPH) applications in Mid-America. The study was one of two contracted efforts covering the MASEC 12-state region comprised of: Illinois, Michigan, North Dakota, Indiana, Minnesota, Ohio, Iowa, Missouri, South Dakota, Kansas, Nebraska, Wisconsin. The results of our study are encouraging to the potential future role of solar energy in supplying process heat to a varied range of industries and applications. We identified and developed Case Study documentation of twenty feasible solar IPH applications covering eight major SIC groups within the Mid-American region. The geographical distribution of these applications for the existing range of solar insolation levels are shown and the characteristics of the applications are summarized. The results of the study include process identification, analysis of process heat requirements, selection of preliminary solar system characteristics, and estimation of system performance and cost. These are included in each of the 20 Case Studies. The body of the report is divided into two primary discussion sections dealing with the Study Methodology employed in the effort and the Follow-On Potential of the identified applications with regard to possible demonstration projects. The 20 applications are rated with respect to their relative overall viability and procedures are discussed for possible demonstration project embarkment. Also, a possible extension of this present feasibility study for late-comer industrial firms expressing interest appears worthy of consideration.

Murray, O.L.

1980-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

78

Energy resource management for energy-intensive manufacturing industries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A program to introduce energy resource management into an energy-intensive manufacturing industry is presented. The food industry (SIC No. 20) was chosen and 20 companies were selected for interviews, but thirteen were actually visited. The methodology for this program is detailed. Reasons for choosing the food industry are described. The substance of the information gained and the principal conclusions drawn from the interviews are given. Results of the model Energy Resource Management Plan applied to three companies are compiled at length. Strategies for dissemination of the information gained are described. (MCW)

Brenner, C.W.; Levangie, J.

1981-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

The early American motion picture industry: promoting American cultural hegemony  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: CULTURAL IMPERIALISM? Introduction Film as imperialism? Technology Cultural Imperialism Economic Trends Conclusion 67 67 69 72 74 79 81 Vl THE ADVENT OF SOUND 85 Introduction Europe Conclusion 85 95 99 VII CONCLUDING COMMENTS 100... classical imperialism to a new category of international exportation founded on the products of the second industrial revolution: steel, the internal combusion [sic] engine and electricity ? including motion pictures" (1980, 81). However, American...

Wier, Theresa Joanne

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Development of SiC Large Tapered Crystal Growth  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presentation given by NASA at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about development of SiC large tapered crystal...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "industry group sic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

SiC APDs and arrays for UV and solar blind detection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report advancements in APDs and arrays using 4H SiC. Novel structures, array designs and specialized read out integrated circuits have been developed towards the realization of UV and solar-blind detector arrays exhibiting ...

Shaw, Gary A.

82

Cellu-WHAT?-sic: Communicating the Biofuels Message to Local Stakeholders  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Breakout Session 3D—Building Market Confidence and Understanding III: Engaging Key Audiences in Bioenergy Cellu-WHAT?-sic: Communicating the Biofuels Message to Local Stakeholders Matt Merritt, Director, Public Relations, POET–DSM Advanced Biofuels

83

Breakthrough in Power Electronics from SiC: May 25, 2004 - May 31, 2005  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report explores the premise that silicon carbide (SiC) devices would reduce substantially the cost of energy of large wind turbines that need power electronics for variable speed generation systems.

Marckx, D. A.

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Stopping power measurements of He ions in Si and SiC by time...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

power measurements of He ions in Si and SiC by time-of-flight spectrometry. Abstract: Electronic energy loss is the fundamental mechanism accountable for the response of...

85

E-Print Network 3.0 - advanced polycrystalline sic Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

MOSFETs Summary: solubility in silicon and Si1-xGex and can form undesirable silicon carbide (SiC) precipitates, degrading... and electrical properties. There has also been very...

86

Pitting Corrosion in CVD SiC at 300?C in Deoxygenated High-Purity Water  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

SiC is a candidate for nuclear applications at elevated temperatures but has not been fully studied under typical light-water reactor operating conditions, such as moderate temperatures and high pressures. Coupons of high-purity chemical vapor deposited SiC were exposed to deoxygenated, pressurized water at 573K and 100 Bar for up to 4000 hours. Ceramographic examination of the exposed SiC surfaces revealed both embryonic and large, d > 300 µm, pits on the surface. The pits were characterized using scanning electron microscopy for structure and chemistry analysis. Pit densities were also determined by standard counting methods. The chemical analysis revealed that the pits are associated with the formation of silica and subsequent loss of Si, which is expected due to several suggested reactions between SiC and water.

Henager, Charles H.; Schemer-Kohrn, Alan L.; Pitman, Stan G.; Senor, David J.; Geelhood, Ken J.; Painter, Chad L.

2008-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

87

ESS 2012 Peer Review - 15 kV Phase Leg Power Modules with SiC...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

1 Click to edit Master title style 15 kV Phase Leg Power Modules with SiC MIDSJT Devices Ranbir Singh and Siddarth Sundaresan GeneSiC Semiconductor Inc. ranbir.singh@genesicsemi.co...

88

Synthesis of One-Dimensional SiC Nanostructures from a Glassy Buckypaper  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A simple and scalable synthetic strategy was developed for the fabrication of one-dimensional SiC nanostructures - nanorods and nanowires. Thin sheets of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) were prepared by vacuum filtration and were washed repeatedly with sodium silicate (Na{sub 2}SiO{sub 3}) solution. The resulting “glassy buckypaper” was heated at 1300 - 1500 °C under Ar/H{sub 2} to allow a solid state reaction between C and Si precursors to form a variety of SiC nanostructures. The morphology and crystal structures of SiC nanorods and nanowires were characterized using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM), energy dispersive xray spectroscopy (EDX), electron diffraction (ED) and x-ray diffraction (XRD) techniques. Furthermore, electrical conductance measurements were performed on SiC nanorods, demonstrating their potential applications in high-temperature sensors and control systems.

Ding, Mengning; Star, Alexander

2013-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

89

Minimizing Test Time through Test FlowOptimization in 3D-SICs.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? 3D stacked ICs (3D-SICs) with multiple dies interconnected by through-silicon-vias(TSVs) are considered as a technology driver and proven to have overwhelming advantagesover traditional ICs… (more)

DASH, ASSMITRA

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

The development of chemically vapor deposited mullite coatings for the corrosion protection of SiC  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Crystalline mullite coatings have been chemically vapor deposited onto SiC substrates to enhance the corrosion and oxidation resistance of the substrate. Current research has been divided into three distinct areas: (1) Development of the deposition processing conditions for increased control over coating`s growth rate, microstructure, and morphology; (2) Analysis of the coating`s crystal structure and stability; (3) The corrosion resistance of the CVD mullite coating on SiC.

Auger, M.; Hou, P.; Sengupta, A.; Basu, S.; Sarin, V. [Boston Univ., MA (United States)

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Microwave-assisted pyrolysis of SiC and its application to joining  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Microwave energy has been used to pyrolyze silicon carbide from commercially available polycarbosilane precursor. The pyrolysis was performed on SiC surfaces having various surface treatments, to identify conditions which improve the wetting and adherence. Grinding and etching of the surfaces in hydrofluoric (HF) acid promotes the bonding of precursor derived ceramic to the SiC ceramic. Finally, the polycarbosilane precursor mixed with fine silicon carbide powder was used as the interlayer material to join silicon carbide specimens.

Ahmad, I.; Silberglitt, R. [FM Technologies, Inc., Fairfax, VA (United States); Shan, T.A. [George Mason Univ., Fairfax, VA (United States)] [and others

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Industrial Engineering Industrial Advisory Board  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Industrial Engineering Industrial Advisory Board (IAB) #12;PURPOSE: The Texas Tech University - Industrial Engineering Industrial Ad- visory Board (IAB) is an association of professionals with a com- mon goal - promoting and developing the Texas Tech Department of Industrial Engineering and its students

Gelfond, Michael

93

A SiC MOSFET Based Inverter for Wireless Power Transfer Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In a wireless power transfer (WPT) system, efficiency of the power conversion stages is crucial so that the WPT technology can compete with the conventional conductive charging systems. Since there are 5 or 6 power conversion stages, each stage needs to be as efficient as possible. SiC inverters are crucial in this case; they can handle high frequency operation and they can operate at relatively higher temperatures resulting in reduces cost and size for the cooling components. This study presents the detailed power module design, development, and fabrication of a SiC inverter. The proposed inverter has been tested at three center frequencies that are considered for the WPT standardization. Performance of the inverter at the same target power transfer level is analyzed along with the other system components. In addition, another SiC inverter has been built in authors laboratory by using the ORNL designed and developed SiC modules. It is shown that the inverter with ORNL packaged SiC modules performs simular to that of the inverter having commercially available SiC modules.

Onar, Omer C [ORNL] [ORNL; Chinthavali, Madhu Sudhan [ORNL] [ORNL; Campbell, Steven L [ORNL] [ORNL; Ning, Puqi [Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS)] [Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS); White, Cliff P [ORNL] [ORNL; Miller (JNJ), John M. [JNJ-Miller PLC] [JNJ-Miller PLC

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

U.S. Department of Energy Accident Resistant SiC Clad Nuclear Fuel Development  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A significant effort is being placed on silicon carbide ceramic matrix composite (SiC CMC) nuclear fuel cladding by Light Water Reactor Sustainability (LWRS) Advanced Light Water Reactor Nuclear Fuels Pathway. The intent of this work is to invest in a high-risk, high-reward technology that can be introduced in a relatively short time. The LWRS goal is to demonstrate successful advanced fuels technology that suitable for commercial development to support nuclear relicensing. Ceramic matrix composites are an established non-nuclear technology that utilizes ceramic fibers embedded in a ceramic matrix. A thin interfacial layer between the fibers and the matrix allows for ductile behavior. The SiC CMC has relatively high strength at high reactor accident temperatures when compared to metallic cladding. SiC also has a very low chemical reactivity and doesn't react exothermically with the reactor cooling water. The radiation behavior of SiC has also been studied extensively as structural fusion system components. The SiC CMC technology is in the early stages of development and will need to mature before confidence in the developed designs can created. The advanced SiC CMC materials do offer the potential for greatly improved safety because of their high temperature strength, chemical stability and reduced hydrogen generation.

George W. Griffith

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Elevated temperature static fatigue of a Nicalon fiber-reinforced SiC composite  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Static fatigue tests of a Nicalon fiber-reinforced SiC matrix composite were conducted in four-point bending over a temperature range of 425 to 1,150 C in air at selected stress levels. The composite consisted of a Nicalon cloth with a 0.3 {mu}m graphite interfacial coating and a Forced Chemical Vapor Infiltration (FCVI) SiC matrix composite; samples were tested with or without a final protective SiC seal coat. The results indicated that the fatigue life of the Nicalon-SiC composite decreased with an increase in either applied stresses or test temperatures. However, the composite exhibited a fatigue limit of {approximately} 100 MPa at temperatures < 950 C which decreased to {approximately} 70 MPa at 1,150 C. Both electron microscopy and thermogravimetric studies suggested that the lifetime of the composites was dictated by the oxidation of graphite interfacial layer at temperatures {le} 700 C and by oxidation of graphite coating accompanied by formation of silicate interfacial layer via oxidation of the Nicalon fiber (and the SiC matrix) at temperatures {ge} 950 C. Use of a SiC seal coat effectively retarded the oxidation reactions and increased the lifetime by at least one order of magnitude at 425 C. On the other hand, the SiC seal coat made little (if any) difference in fatigue life at 950 C.

Lin, H.T.; Becher, P.F.; Tortorelli, P.F. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States). Metals and Ceramics Div.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

96

Changing Trends in the Bulk Chemicals and Pulp and Paper Industries (released in AEO2005)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Compared with the experience of the 1990s, rising energy prices in recent years have led to questions about expectations of growth in industrial output, particularly in energy-intensive industries. Given the higher price trends, a review of expected growth trends in selected industries was undertaken as part of the production of Annual Energy Outlook 2005 (AEO). In addition, projections for the industrial value of shipments, which were based on the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) system in AEO2004, are based on the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) in AEO2005. The change in industrial classification leads to lower historical growth rates for many industrial sectors. The impacts of these two changes are highlighted in this section for two of the largest energy-consuming industries in the U.S. industrial sector-bulk chemicals and pulp and paper.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Preparation and dielectric properties of SiC nanowires self-sacrificially templated by carbonated bacterial cellulose  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Graphical abstract: Display Omitted Highlights: ? A new material – CBC is introduced as a template to prepare SiC nanowires. ? SiC nanowires are synthesized by the infiltration process of reactive vapor Si. ? The highest ?? of ?-SiC nanowires is obtained at 1400 °C. -- Abstract: SiC nanowires were synthesized by the infiltration process of reactive vapor Si in Ar atmosphere at 1350–1450 °C, using carbonated bacterial cellulose (CBC) as carbon template and a reactant. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), high-resolution TEM (HRTEM), and vector network analyzer were employed to characterize the samples. The diameter of the resulting ?-SiC nanowires changes with calcination temperatures, specifically, 35–60 nm for 1350 °C, 40–80 nm for 1400 °C, and 30–60 nm for 1450 °C. The ?-SiC nanowires obtained at 1400 °C possess the highest ?? of complex permittivity.

Wen, Lixia; Ma, Yongjun; Dai, Bo [State Key Laboratory Cultivation Base for Nonmetal Composites and Functional Materials, Southwest University of Science and Technology, Mianyang 621010 (China)] [State Key Laboratory Cultivation Base for Nonmetal Composites and Functional Materials, Southwest University of Science and Technology, Mianyang 621010 (China); Zhou, Yong [Eco-materials and Renewable Energy Research Center (ERERC), School of Physics, National Lab of Solid State Microstructure, ERERC, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China)] [Eco-materials and Renewable Energy Research Center (ERERC), School of Physics, National Lab of Solid State Microstructure, ERERC, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China); Liu, Jinsong [State Key Laboratory Cultivation Base for Nonmetal Composites and Functional Materials, Southwest University of Science and Technology, Mianyang 621010 (China)] [State Key Laboratory Cultivation Base for Nonmetal Composites and Functional Materials, Southwest University of Science and Technology, Mianyang 621010 (China); Pei, Chonghua, E-mail: peichonghua@swust.edu.cn [State Key Laboratory Cultivation Base for Nonmetal Composites and Functional Materials, Southwest University of Science and Technology, Mianyang 621010 (China)] [State Key Laboratory Cultivation Base for Nonmetal Composites and Functional Materials, Southwest University of Science and Technology, Mianyang 621010 (China)

2013-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

98

PETROLEUM INDUSTRY INFORMATION REPORTING ACT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION PETROLEUM INDUSTRY INFORMATION REPORTING ACT: RULEMAKING;1 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY In the six months since the new Petroleum Industry Information Reporting Act (PIIRA which is used by the petroleum industry and market trading groups to assess the trends in California

99

Matrix-grain-bridging contributions to the toughness of SiC composites with alumina-coated SiC platelets  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Silicon carbide composites were fabricated through the incorporation of alumina-coated SiC platelets into a SiC matrix. Mechanical properties were evaluated in direct comparison with a commercial Hexoloy SiC. The fracture toughness of the composite, with a fine grained {beta}-SiC matrix, was twice that of the commercial material. The alumina-coating on the platelets provided a weak interface to promote crack deflection and platelet bridging, as well as easing densification of the composites. On the other hand, a three-fold increase in fracture toughness (9.1 MPa {radical}m) of an in situ toughened monolithic SiC was achieved by processing at higher temperatures, promoting the {beta}-to-{alpha} phase transformation and forming a microstructure containing high-aspect-ration plate-shaped grains. Efforts were made to combine the effects of coated-platelets reinforcement and in situ toughening in the matrix. Moderate high toughness (8 MPa {radical}m) was achieved by coupled toughening. The contribution of matrix-grain-bridging, however, was limited by the processing temperature at which the oxide coating was stable.

Cao, J.J.; He, Y.; MoberlyChan, W.J.; De Jonghe, L.C. [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Mineral Engineering]|[Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States). Materials Science Div.

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Physics based analytical modelling of silicon carbide (SiC) MESFET considering different ion implantation energy with high temperature annealing.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??A Physics based analytical model of ion implanted SiC MESFET has been developed considering the high temperature annealing effects. The diffusion of implanted impurities has… (more)

Yadavalli, Karthik Vishwanath

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "industry group sic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Energy efficiency improvement and cost saving opportunities for the Corn Wet Milling Industry: An ENERGY STAR Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Corn wet milling is the most energy intensive industry within the food and kindred products group (SIC 20), using 15 percent of the energy in the entire food industry. After corn, energy is the second largest operating cost for corn wet millers in the United States. A typical corn wet milling plant in the United States spends approximately $20 to $30 million per year on energy, making energy efficiency improvement an important way to reduce costs and increase predictable earnings, especially in times of high energy-price volatility. This report shows energy efficiency opportunities available for wet corn millers. It begins with descriptions of the trends, structure and production of the corn wet milling industry and the energy used in the milling and refining process. Specific primary energy savings for each energy efficiency measure based on case studies of plants and references to technical literature are provided. If available, typical payback periods are also listed. The report draws upon the experiences of corn, wheat and other starch processing plants worldwide for energy efficiency measures. The findings suggest that given available resources and technology, there are opportunities to reduce energy consumption cost-effectively in the corn wet milling industry while maintaining the quality of the products manufactured. Further research on the economics of the measures, as well as the applicability of these to different wet milling practices, is needed to assess the feasibility of implementation of selected technologies at individual plants.

Galitsky, Christina; Worrell, Ernst; Ruth, Michael

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Development of a compound for low temperature joining of SiC ceramics and CFCC composites  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This investigation was driven by the need for a robust, practical method to join continuous fiber-reinforced ceramic composite (CFCC) materials composed of SiC fibers in a SiC matrix (SiC/SiC). A new filler compound composition resulted from this research which is composed primarily of a silicon-acetylene ceramic precursor polymer blended with fine alloy and elemental powders. Joint formation relies on reaction of the powders with the products of the polymer pyrolysis reaction and the CFCC on continuous heating from room temperature to the curing temperature. The joint can be heated and cured either in an inert or air atmosphere furnace or in air upon heating with a propane torch to a maximum curing temperature of about 1200{degrees}C. This curing temperature is effective for joint formation while preventing degradation of the SiC fibers in the CFCC material and permitting field joining of SiC CFCC parts with an open flame torch. The joining compound demonstrated good wetting and joint filling characteristics. Mechanical property testing revealed a room temperature bend strength of 50 to 100MPa (7 to 14ksi), depending on care in joint preparation. There was a tendency for partial SiC fiber pullout as the crack propagation path wandered in and out of the joint material during fracture, adding toughness. Preliminary mechanical tests of joined samples, after exposure to high temperature (1100{degrees}C) ambient air for 100 hours. indicated excellent retention of strength.

Anderson, I.E.; Ijadi-Maghsoodi, S.; Uenal, O. [Ames Lab., IA (United States)] [and others

1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Combustion Group Group members  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Combustion Group Group members: Thierry Poinsot, Emilien Courtine, Luc Vervisch, Benjamin Farcy 2014 #12;Combustion Group Combustion Physics and Modeling Pollutants, Emissions, and Soot Formation Thermoacoustics and Combustion Dynamics Research focus § Examine mechanisms responsible for flame stabilization

Wang, Wei

104

Planning ahread [sic] : the emergence of clean energy technology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The solar industry is bourgeoning in the United States, with new developments in photovoltaic research. This emerging field, abetted by government funding and subsidies, needs the capacity to explore new ideas and expand ...

Rosenberg, Alice (Alice S.)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Demographics and industry returns  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using a company- by-company search within the relevant SICrequire a company-by-company search. For larger industriessearch the SIC codes 2730–2739 and determine the companies

Pollet, Joshua A.; DellaVigna, Stefano

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Identification of dominant scattering mechanism in epitaxial graphene on SiC  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A scheme of identification of scattering mechanisms in epitaxial graphene (EG) on SiC substrate is developed and applied to three EG samples grown on SiC (0001), (112{sup Ż}0), and (101{sup Ż}0) substrates. Hall measurements combined with defect detection technique enable us to evaluate the individual contributions to the carrier scatterings by defects and by substrates. It is found that the dominant scatterings can be due to either substrate or defects, dependent on the substrate orientations. The EG on SiC (112{sup Ż}0) exhibits a better control over the two major scattering mechanisms and achieves the highest mobility even with a high carrier concentration, promising for high performance graphene-based electronic devices. The method developed here will shed light on major aspects in governing carrier transport in EG to harness it effectively.

Lin, Jingjing; Guo, Liwei, E-mail: lwguo@iphy.ac.cn, E-mail: chenx29@aphy.iphy.ac.cn; Jia, Yuping; Huang, Jiao; Guo, Yu; Li, Zhilin; Chen, Xiaolong, E-mail: lwguo@iphy.ac.cn, E-mail: chenx29@aphy.iphy.ac.cn [Research and Development Center for Functional Crystals, Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 603, Beijing 100190 (China); Yang, Rong; Wu, Shuang; Zhang, Guangyu [Nanoscale Physics and Devices Laboratory, Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 603, Beijing 100190 (China)

2014-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

107

The industrial Center at Mississippi State University  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Mississippi State University Industrial Assessment Center (IAC) is one of 26 centers supported by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) at universities across the country. The Mississippi State University IAC in existence since 1994 provides plant assessments at no cost to eligible small and mid-sized manufacturers categorized in Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) Codes 20-39. Client eligibility is based on gross sales below $100 million, fewer than 500 employees at the plant, annual utility bills more than $100,000 and less than $2 million, and no in-house professional staff to perform an assessment. IAC assessment benefits include no cost to the clients, increased profitability and competitiveness, confidentiality, non-regulatory, nonobligatory, and student involvement.

b.K. Hodge; Mary C. Emplaincourt

2007-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

108

Size Effect of SiC Particle on Microstructures and Mechanical Properties of SiCp/Al Composites  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cp/Al composites were fabricated using aluminum alloy ZL101 as the matrix material, and SiC particles respectively. The results show that the SiC particles can distribute uniformly in the aluminum matrix using matrix or reinforced materials [1-5]. They are promising materials for aerospace, automotive, thermal

Qin, Qinghua

109

Temperature dependency of MOSFET device characteristics in 4H-and 6H-silicon carbide (SiC)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Temperature dependency of MOSFET device characteristics in 4H- and 6H-silicon carbide (SiC) Md was arranged by Prof. A. Iliadis Abstract The advantages of silicon carbide (SiC) over silicon are significant; Silicon carbide; Temperature variation effect 1. Introduction Silicon carbide, a wide bandgap material

Tolbert, Leon M.

110

Thickness monitoring of graphene on SiC using low-energy electron diffraction P. J. Fisher  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Thickness monitoring of graphene on SiC using low-energy electron diffraction P. J. Fisher IBM T of epitaxial graphene on SiC is monitored in-situ using low-energy electron diffraction (LEED). The possibility of using LEED as an in-situ thickness monitor of the graphene is examined. The ratio of primary diffraction

Feenstra, Randall

111

Growth of SiC thin films on graphite for oxidation-protective coating J.-H. Boo,a)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, it is necessary to improve its resistance to oxidation. SiC is used as a semiconductor material for high of the SiC layers compared to those grown by thermal MOCVD. The mechanical and oxidation-resistant-2101 00 18204-1 I. INTRODUCTION Graphite, with its advantages of high thermal conductiv- ity, low-thermal

Boo, Jin-Hyo

112

Quasi-Freestanding multilayer graphene films on the carbon face of SiC  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The electronic band structure of as-grown and doped graphene grown on the carbon face of SiC is studied by high-resolution angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy, where we observe both rotations between adjacent layers and AB-stacking. The band structure of quasi-freestanding AB-bilayers is directly compared with bilayer graphene grown on the Si-face of SiC to study the impact of the substrate on the electronic properties of epitaxial graphene. Our results show that the C-face films are nearly freestanding from an electronic point of view, due to the rotations between graphene layers.

Siegel, D. A.; Hwang, C. G.; Fedorov, A. V.; Lanzara, A.

2010-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

113

Energy use and energy intensity of the U.S. chemical industry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. chemical industry is the largest in the world, and responsible for about 11% of the U.S. industrial production measured as value added. It consumes approximately 20% of total industrial energy consumption in the U.S. (1994), and contributes in similar proportions to U.S. greenhouse gas emissions. Surprisingly, there is not much information on energy use and energy intensity in the chemical industry available in the public domain. This report provides detailed information on energy use and energy intensity for the major groups of energy-intensive chemical products. Ethylene production is the major product in terms of production volume of the petrochemical industry. The petrochemical industry (SIC 2869) produces a wide variety of products. However, most energy is used for a small number of intermediate compounds, of which ethylene is the most important one. Based on a detailed assessment we estimate fuel use for ethylene manufacture at 520 PJ (LHV), excluding feedstock use. Energy intensity is estimated at 26 GJ/tonne ethylene (LHV), excluding feedstocks.The nitrogenous fertilizer production is a very energy intensive industry, producing a variety of fertilizers and other nitrogen-compounds. Ammonia is the most important intermediate chemical compound, used as basis for almost all products. Fuel use is estimated at 268 PJ (excluding feedstocks) while 368 PJ natural gas is used as feedstock. Electricity consumption is estimated at 14 PJ. We estimate the energy intensity of ammonia manufacture at 39.3 GJ/tonne (including feedstocks, HHV) and 140 kWh/tonne, resulting in a specific primary energy consumption of 40.9 GJ/tonne (HHV), equivalent to 37.1 GJ/tonne (LHV). Excluding natural gas use for feedstocks the primary energy consumption is estimated at 16.7 GJ/tonne (LHV). The third most important product from an energy perspective is the production of chlorine and caustic soda. Chlorine is produced through electrolysis of a salt-solution. Chlorine production is the main electricity consuming process in the chemical industry, next to oxygen and nitrogen production. We estimate final electricity use at 173 PJ (48 TWh) and fuel use of 38 PJ. Total primary energy consumption is estimated at 526 PJ (including credits for hydrogen export). The energy intensity is estimated at an electricity consumption of 4380 kWh/tonne chlorine and fuel consumption of 3.45 GJ/tonne chlorine, where all energy use is allocated to chlorine production. Assuming an average power generation efficiency of 33% the primary energy consumption is estimated at 47.8 GJ/tonne chlorine (allocating all energy use to chlorine).

Worrell, E.; Phylipsen, D.; Einstein, D.; Martin, N.

2000-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Industrial Hygienist  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

A successful candidate in this position wil l serve as an Industrial Hygienist in the Operations Division, providing technical oversight of the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory contractors...

115

On He bubbles in neutron irradiated SYLRAMIC type SiC fibers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

SylramicTM type SiC fibers, which contain at least 2.3 wt% B, were examined by TEM following neutron irradiation to dose levels of ~7 dpa in HFIR at 800°C and to ~1 dpa in ATR at 1090°C. At these radiation damage dose levels, transmutation of the boron-10 component effectively “dopes” the Sylramic? type fibers with up to 10,000 appm helium. Following irradiation at 800°C, bubble development was too fine to resolve even by high resolution TEM. However, following irradiation at 1090°C helium bubble development was resolvable, but complex. A fine dispersion of 1-nm bubbles was observed within the SiC grains and a coarse, non-uniform distribution of irregular 25-nm bubbles was observed on grain boundaries. In addition, some unusual arrays of planar 2.5-nm thick bubbles were observed in the SiC grains and equiaxed bubbles were observed in the boride precipitate particles contained within the fiber microstructure. Not unexpectedly, helium retention and bubble formation in ?-SiC depends on details of the polycrystalline microstructure as well as the irradiation conditions.

Gelles, David S.; Youngblood, Gerald E.

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

A Parametric Device Study for SiC Power Electronics Burak Ozpineci  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Parametric Device Study for SiC Power Electronics Burak Ozpineci 1,3 burak@ieee.org Leon M to be used. The circuits people, including power electronics researchers, take the devices as black boxes Typically, power electronics researchers have to choose off-the-shelf power devices with the specifications

Tolbert, Leon M.

117

Topology of charge density and elastic properties of Ti3SiC2 polymorphs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Using an all-electron, full potential first-principles method, we have investigated the topology of charge density and elastic properties of the two polymorphs, alpha and beta, of Ti3SiC2. The bonding effect was analyzed based on Bader's quantum theory of ''atoms in molecules'' (AIM). It was found that the Ti-Si bonding effect is significantly weaker in beta than in alpha, giving less stabilizing effect for beta. The Si-C bonds, which are absent in alpha, are formed in beta and provide additional stabilizing effect for beta. In contrast to conventional thinking, there is no direction interaction between Ti atoms in both alpha and beta. The calculated elastic properties are in good agreement with the experimental results, giving the bulk modulus of about 180 GPa and the Poisson's ratio of 0.2. The beta phase is generally softer than the alpha phase. As revealed by the direction dependent Young's modulus, there is only slight elastic anisotropy in Ti3SiC2. For alpha, Young's modulus is minimum in the c direction and maximum in the directions 42o from c. For beta, the maximum lies in the c direction, in part due to the formation of Si-C bonds in this direction.

Yu, Rong; Zhang, Xiao Feng; He, Lian Long; Ye, Heng Qiang

2004-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

118

New Silicon Carbide Schottky-gate Bipolar Mode Field Effect Transistor (SiC SBMFET)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

New Silicon Carbide Schottky-gate Bipolar Mode Field Effect Transistor (SiC SBMFET) without PN. In this paper, we propose a novel Schottky-gate BMFET (SBMFET) using P- type 4H Silicon-Carbide 13,41, a wide, Silicon Carbide, Field effect transistor, Simulation. I. INTRODUCTION TH E BMFET operates in bipolar mode

Kumar, M. Jagadesh

119

SiC MODIFICATIONS TO MELCOR FOR SEVERE ACCIDENT ANALYSIS APPLICATIONS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Nuclear Energy (NE) Light Water Reactor (LWR) Sustainability Program encompasses strategic research focused on improving reactor core economics and safety margins through the development of an advanced fuel cladding system. The Fuels Pathway within this program focuses on fuel system components outside of the fuel pellet, allowing for alteration of the existing zirconium-based clad system through coatings, addition of ceramic sleeves, or complete replacement (e.g. fully ceramic cladding). The DOE-NE Fuel Cycle Research & Development (FCRD) Advanced Fuels Campaign (AFC) is also conducting research on materials for advanced, accident tolerant fuels and cladding for application in operating LWRs. To aide in this assessment, a silicon carbide (SiC) version of the MELCOR code was developed by substituting SiC in place of Zircaloy in MELCOR’s reactor core oxidation and material property routines. The purpose of this development effort is to provide a numerical capability for estimating the safety advantages of replacing Zr-alloy components in LWRs with SiC components. This modified version of the MELCOR code was applied to the Three Mile Island (TMI-2) plant accident. While the results are considered preliminary, SiC cladding showed a dramatic safety advantage over Zircaloy cladding during this accident.

Brad J. Merrill; Shannon M Bragg-Sitton

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

MAGNETOHYDRODYNAMIC AND THERMAL ISSUES OF THE SiCf0SiC FLOW CHANNEL INSERT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and heat transfer in the po- loidal channel of the blanket, were studied with numer- ical simulations using, and the effect of SiCf /SiC anisotropy. KEYWORDS: liquid metal blanket, magnetohydrodynamics, heat transfer I modifications, one with no pres- sure equalization openings and one with a pressure equalization slot, have been

Abdou, Mohamed

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "industry group sic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

INFLUENCE OF ANISOTROPIC THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY IN THE APPARATUS INSULATION FOR SUBLIMATION GROWTH OF SIC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INFLUENCE OF ANISOTROPIC THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY IN THE APPARATUS INSULATION FOR SUBLIMATION GROWTH insulation for sublimation growth of SiC: Numerical investigation of heat transfer J¨urgen Geiser, Olaf Klein). As it is not unusual for the thermal insulation of PVT growth apparatus to possess an anisotropic thermal conductivity

122

Damage production and accumulation in SiC structures in inertial and magnetic fusion systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Damage production and accumulation in SiC structures in inertial and magnetic fusion systems M wall in an IFE system is $10% lower than in an MFE system, while gas production and burnup rates magnetic (MFE) and inertial (IFE) confinement fusion systems. Variations in the geometry, neutron energy

Ghoniem, Nasr M.

123

Emission of terahertz radiation from SiC Jared H. Strait,a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for the generation of terahertz radiation. The nonlinear optical properties of various SiC polytypes have been previ the terahertz radiation dependence on the optical pump polarization, the pump angle of incidence, and the pump for terahertz emission. Given its material hard- ness, high optical damage threshold, small optical losses

Afshari, Ehsan

124

Growth and interface phase stability of barium hexaferrite films on SiC(0001)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have studied interface phase stability of the BaFe{sub 12}O{sub 19} (BaM) thin films grown by molecular beam epitaxy on SiC(0001). The films were epitaxially grown with the following crystallographic relation: BaM(0001) parallel SiC(0001) and BaM(11-20) parallel SiC(11-20). High resolution TEM reveals the existence of two interfacial bands with different structure than BaM. The first band close to SiC is SiO{sub x} while the second has spinel structure and chemically corresponds to Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4}. These findings suggest that at initial growth stages Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4} is more favorable than BaM. Density functional theory modeling of the phase stability of BaM compared to Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4} shows that BaM is only stable at high oxygen partial pressures.

Lazarov, V. K. [Department of Physics, University of York, Heslington, York YO10 5DD (United Kingdom); York JEOL Nanoscience Centre, Heslington, York YO10 5DD (United Kingdom); Hasnip, P. J. [Department of Physics, University of York, Heslington, York YO10 5DD (United Kingdom); Cai, Z.; Ziemer, K. S. [Chemical Engineering Department, Northeastern University, Boston, Massachusetts 02115 (United States); Yoshida, K. [York JEOL Nanoscience Centre, Heslington, York YO10 5DD (United Kingdom)

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

The correlation of epitaxial graphene properties and morphology of SiC (0001)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The electronic properties of epitaxial graphene (EG) on SiC (0001) depend sensitively on the surface morphology of SiC substrate. Here, 2–3 layers of graphene were grown on on-axis 6H-SiC with different step densities realized through controlling growth temperature and ambient pressure. We show that epitaxial graphene on SiC (0001) with low step density and straight step edge possesses fewer point defects laying mostly on step edges and higher carrier mobility. A relationship between step density and EG mobility is established. The linear scan of Raman spectra combined with the atomic force microscopy morphology images revealed that the Raman fingerprint peaks are nearly the same on terraces, but shift significantly while cross step edges, suggesting the graphene is not homogeneous in strain and carrier concentration over terraces and step edges of substrates. Thus, control morphology of epitaxial graphene on SiC (0001) is a simple and effective method to pursue optimal route for high quality graphene and will be helpful to prepare wafer sized graphene for device applications.

Guo, Y.; Guo, L. W., E-mail: lwguo@iphy.ac.cn, E-mail: xlchen@iphy.ac.cn; Huang, J.; Jia, Y. P.; Lin, J. J.; Lu, W.; Li, Z. L. [Research and Development Center for Functional Crystals, Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China); Yang, R. [Nanoscale Physics and Devices Laboratory, Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China); Chen, X. L., E-mail: lwguo@iphy.ac.cn, E-mail: xlchen@iphy.ac.cn [Research and Development Center for Functional Crystals, Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China); Collaborative Innovation Center of Quantum Matter, Beijing 100190 (China)

2014-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

126

Environmental effects on creep and stress-rupture properties of advanced SiC fibers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Small diameter polycrystalline SiC fibers are of high technical interest for reinforcement of ceramic matrix composites. These fibers have high room temperature stiffness and strength, and the potential for retaining these properties in oxidizing environments up to 1400{degrees}C. However, with current SiC fibers, it has been observed that the influence of environment on the high temperature creep and rupture behavior of individual fibers can be very complex. For example, Bodet et al. reported better creep resistance of ceramic grade Nicalon fiber in a controlled CO environment than in argon. Yun et al. reported better rupture resistance of Nicalon and Hi-Nicalon in air than in vacuum. Rugg reported better rupture resistance of the Carborundum fiber in nitrogen than in air. In general, in comparison to inert conditions, testing in oxygen can increase or decrease fiber creep resistance, while having similar or opposite effects on rupture resistance. These effects can vary significantly with stress, temperature, and the SiC fiber grain boundary structure, second phase and impurity compositions, stoichiometry, as well as open porosity. As an initial step to better understand these factors, the objectives of this study were (1) to measure the effects of air and argon environments on the creep and rupture behavior of various advanced SiC fibers, (2) to determine whether these effects can be correlated among the fiber types, and (3) to suggest probable sources for these effects based on microstructural mechanisms.

Yun, H.M. [Cleveland State Univ., OH (United States); Goldsby, J.C.; DiCarlo, J.A. [NASA Lewis Research Center, Cleveland, OH (United States)

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Isotopic Ratios of SiC of Type X and Si 3 This appendix contains the isotopic data for 81 presolar SiC grains of type X and six preso  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for 81 presolar SiC grains of type X and six preso­ lar Si 3 N 4 grains, all found by ion imaging (see C 14 N/ 15 N CN \\Gamma /C \\Gamma 26 Al/ 27 Al KJG6L­103­1 SiC ­420 \\Sigma 4 ­480 \\Sigma 8 40.4 +0:7 \\Gamma0:7 55.3 +3:1 \\Gamma2:8 0.124 \\Delta \\Delta \\Delta KJG6L­105­1 SiC ­277 \\Sigma 11 ­404 \\Sigma 9 289

Nittler, Larry R.

128

Evaluation of sintering effects on SiC incorporated UO2 kernels under Ar and Ar-4%H2 environments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Silicon carbide (SiC) is suggested as an oxygen getter in UO2 kernels used for TRISO particle fuels to lower oxygen potential and prevent kernel migration during irradiation. Scanning electron microscopy and X-ray diffractometry analyses performed on sintered kernels verified that internal gelation process can be used to incorporate SiC in urania fuel kernels. Sintering in either Ar or Ar-4%H2 at 1500 C lowered the SiC content in the UO2 kernels to some extent. Formation of UC was observed as the major chemical phase in the process, while other minor phases such as U3Si2C2, USi2, U3Si2, and UC2 were also identified. UC formation was presumed to be occurred by two reactions. The first was the SiC reaction with its protective SiO2 oxide layer on SiC grains to produce volatile SiO and free carbon that subsequently reacted with UO2 to form UC. The second process was direct UO2 reaction with SiC grains to form SiO, CO, and UC, especially in Ar-4%H2. A slightly higher density and UC content was observed in the sample sintered in Ar-4%H2, but the use of both atmospheres produced kernels with ~95% of theoretical density. It is suggested that incorporating CO in the sintering gas would prevent UC formation and preserve the initial SiC content.

Silva, Chinthaka M [ORNL] [ORNL; Lindemer, Terrence [Harbach Engineering and Solutions] [Harbach Engineering and Solutions; Hunt, Rodney Dale [ORNL] [ORNL; Collins, Jack Lee [ORNL] [ORNL; Terrani, Kurt A [ORNL] [ORNL; Snead, Lance Lewis [ORNL] [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Group Dynamics Approach to Industrial Energy Management  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

funding for major projects. I also tell how to get the most from utility rebate programs. I also describe strategies that did not work....

Thomas, D. G.

130

Longjitaihe Industry Group | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429Lacey,(Monaster AndLittletown, Arizona:Lockland,LIPAsimulation

131

Industry Group Learns About Light Source Opportunities  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

SVLG pointed out that many Fortune 500 companies as well as small businesses and start-ups already use these facilites and listed a few examples: The Bay Area Photovoltaic...

132

Biofuel Industries Group LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin: Energy ResourcesJersey:form View source HistoryBarriers

133

Macro-Industrial Working Group 2  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines About U.S. NaturalA.MissouriElements)BasedFeet)(MillionCubicShale4,September

134

PAIS Industries Group | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoading map...(UtilityCounty,Orleans County, Vermont:OttawaCounty,2.8247524°,is alocalPAIS

135

Kayo Battery Industries Group | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429 Throttled (botOpen6 ClimateKamas, Utah:Kaufman County,

136

Distribution of Pd, Ag & U in the SiC Layer of an Irradiated TRISO Fuel Particle  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The distribution of silver, uranium and palladium in the silicon carbide (SiC) layer of an irradiated TRISO fuel particle was studied using samples extracted from the SiC layer using focused ion beam (FIB) techniques. Transmission electron microscopy in conjunction with energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy was used to identify the presence of the specific elements of interest at grain boundaries, triple junctions and precipitates in the interior of SiC grains. Details on sample fabrication, errors associated with measurements of elemental migration distances and the distances migrated by silver, palladium and uranium in the SiC layer of an irradiated TRISO particle from the AGR-1 program are reported.

Thomas M. Lillo; Isabella J. van Rooyen

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

In Situ Generation of Few-Layer Graphene Coatings on SnO2-SiC...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

In Situ Generation of Few-Layer Graphene Coatings on SnO2-SiC Core-Shell Nanoparticles for High-Performance Lithium-Ion Storage. In Situ Generation of Few-Layer Graphene Coatings...

138

Electrochemical study of SiC particle occlusion during nickel electrodeposition  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Previous, published work conducted by the Bureau of Mines showed that chromium particle occlusion occurs as a result of particle collisions with the cathode surface. Conductive chromium particles within the electric field were also shown to cause a local rise in the cathodic current density on the area immediately adjacent to that particle. In order to research the effect of conductive particles vs. semiconductive particles on the occlusion process, nickel electrodeposition was studied in the presence of SiC particles and compared to previous studies on nickel electrodeposition in the presence and absence of Cr particles. The effect of semiconductive SiC particles on nickel electrodeposition was to catalyze the formation of H[sub ads] as well as Ni[sub ads][sup +] intermediates. Evidence of a H[sub ads] intermediate was obtained by current efficiency studies of Ni electrodeposition as well as X-ray diffraction and hydrogen analyses of the coatings made during electrodeposition.

Watson, S.W. (Bureau of Mines, Albany, OR (United States))

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Fabrication of a single layer graphene by copper intercalation on a SiC(0001) surface  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Cu atoms deposited on a zero layer graphene grown on a SiC(0001) substrate, intercalate between the zero layer graphene and the SiC substrate after the thermal annealing above 600?°C, forming a Cu-intercalated single layer graphene. On the Cu-intercalated single layer graphene, a graphene lattice with superstructure due to moiré pattern is observed by scanning tunneling microscopy, and specific linear dispersion at the K{sup Ż} point as well as a characteristic peak in a C{sub 1s} core level spectrum, which is originated from a free-standing graphene, is confirmed by photoemission spectroscopy. The Cu-intercalated single layer graphene is found to be n-doped.

Yagyu, Kazuma; Tochihara, Hiroshi; Tomokage, Hajime; Suzuki, Takayuki [Department of Electronics Engineering and Computer Science, Fukuoka University, Fukuoka 814-0180 (Japan); Tajiri, Takayuki; Kohno, Atsushi [Department of Applied Physics, Fukuoka University, Fukuoka 814-0180 (Japan); Takahashi, Kazutoshi [Synchrotron Light Application Center, Saga University, 1 Honjo, Saga 840-8502 (Japan)

2014-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

140

Tuning carrier density across Dirac point in epitaxial graphene on SiC by corona discharge  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We demonstrate reversible carrier density control across the Dirac point (?n???10{sup 13?}cm{sup ?2}) in epitaxial graphene on SiC (SiC/G) via high electrostatic potential gating with ions produced by corona discharge. The method is attractive for applications where graphene with a fixed carrier density is needed, such as quantum metrology, and more generally as a simple method of gating 2DEGs formed at semiconductor interfaces and in topological insulators.

Lartsev, Arseniy; Yager, Tom; Lara-Avila, Samuel, E-mail: samuel.lara@chalmers.se; Kubatkin, Sergey [Department of Microtechnology and Nanoscience, Chalmers University of Technology, S-41296 Göteborg (Sweden); Bergsten, Tobias [SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden, S-50115 Borĺs (Sweden); Tzalenchuk, Alexander [National Physical Laboratory, Teddington TW110LW (United Kingdom); Royal Holloway, University of London, Egham TW20 0EX (United Kingdom); Janssen, T. J. B. M [National Physical Laboratory, Teddington TW110LW (United Kingdom); Yakimova, Rositza [Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology (IFM), Linköping University, S-58183 Linköping (Sweden)

2014-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "industry group sic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Microstructure, strength and toughness of Si3N4-SiC whisker composites  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Si3N4-SiC whisker composites were fabricated using several routes (i.e., pressure filtration or CIP) followed by HP or HIP. The fracture strength ranges from 650 MPa to 750 MPa on account of the whiskers orientation. Compared to the Si3N4 matrix, the toughness is increased. A strong R-curve effect can be obtained, suggesting that, to be efficient, the whisker diameter must exceed a critical size. 13 refs.

Champion, E.; Goursat, P.; Besson, J.L.; Madigou, V.; Monthioux, M.; Lespade, P.

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Oxidation of SiC investigated by ellipsometry and Rutherford backscattering spectrometry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Oxidation of SiC was performed in Ar-O{sub 2} mixture of atmospheric pressure at 1100 deg. C and compared with that of Si. The partial pressure of O{sub 2} varied from 100 to 1000 mbar, while the oxidation time ranged from 0.5 to 45 h. The thickness of the oxide films was determined by spectroscopic ellipsometry and Rutherford backscattering spectrometry. The time and the pressure dependence of the oxidation kinetics of SiC are well described by the modified Deal-Grove model. In the diffusion-limited region, even for the faster case, the oxidation kinetics of the C-terminated face of SiC is not clearly limited by oxygen indiffusion, as for pure silicon. To interpret the ellipsometry spectra, two models of possible structure were used. In the case of the one-layer model, for layer thicknesses above 30 nm, the refractive index of the oxide layers is identical to that of thermally oxidized Si, and it increases rapidly with decreasing thickness below about 15 nm. This increase is significantly larger for C-terminated than for Si-terminated faces, and this difference can be explained by a transition layer introduced into the two-layer model. This model contains a pure SiO{sub 2} layer and a transition layer modeled by a mixture of 50 % SiO{sub 2} and 50 % SiC. The transition layer is thicker on the C-terminated surface than on the Si-terminated one. The thickness ratio of the transition layers is slightly larger than the surface roughness ratio on the two different sides determined by atomic force microscopy. The density of the oxide films, which can be determined from the backscattering and spectroscopic ellipsometry spectra, decreases with decreasing thickness below about 30 nm. For thicker films, the density of the oxide is equal to the bulk density of SiO{sub 2}.

Szilagyi, E. [KFKI Research Institute for Particle and Nuclear Physics, P.O. Box 49, H-1525 Budapest (Hungary); Petrik, P.; Lohner, T.; Koos, A. A.; Fried, M.; Battistig, G. [Research Institute for Technical Physics and Materials Science, P.O. Box 49, H-1525 Budapest (Hungary)

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Controlled synthesis and decoupling of monolayer graphene on SiC(0001)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We describe a process for the growth of a single, electronically decoupled graphene layer on SiC(0001). The method involves annealing in disilane to (1) prepare flat, clean substrates, (2) grow a single graphene layer, and (3) electronically decouple the graphene from the substrate. This approach uses a single process gas, at ?Torr pressures, with modest substrate temperatures, thus affecting a drastic simplification over other processes described in the literature.

Oida, S.; Hannon, J. B.; Tromp, R. M. [IBM Research Division, T.J. Watson Research Center, Yorktown Heights, New York 10598 (United States)

2014-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

144

Investigation of interlayer materials for the microwave joining of SiC  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Microwave joining of ceramics has the potential for increased speed and convenience. Joints have been made in alumina, mullite and silicon nitride with flexure strength approaching, and in some cases exceeding, that of the as received material in a fraction of the time that is customarily required with conventional techniques. This paper describes the initial results of investigations aimed at applying microwave joining to SiC and other carbide ceramics. 8 refs., 5 figs.

Silberglitt, R.; Palaith, D. (Technology Assessment and Transfer, Inc., Annapolis, MD (USA)); Black, W.M.; Sa'adaldin, H.S. (George Mason Univ., Fairfax, VA (USA)); Katz, J.D.; Blake, R.D. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (USA))

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Creep behavior in SiC whisker-reinforced alumina composite  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Grain boundary sliding (often accompanied by cavitation) is a major contributor to compressive and tensile creep deformation in fine-grained aluminas, both with and without whisker-reinforcement. Studies indicate that the creep response of alumina composites reinforced with SiC whiskers can be tailored by controlling the composite microstructure and composition. The addition of SiC whiskers (< 30 vol%) significantly increases the creep resistance of fine-grained (1--2 {mu}m) alumina in air at temperatures of 1,200 and 1,300 C. However, at higher whisker contents (30 and 50 vol%), the creep resistance is degraded due to enhanced surface oxidation reactions accompanied by extensive creep cavitation. Densification aids (i.e., Y{sub 2}O{sub 3}), which facilitate silica glass formation and thus liquid phase densification of the composites, can also result in degradation of creep resistance. On the other hand, increasing the matrix grain size or decreasing the whisker aspect ratio (increased whisker number density) results in raising the creep resistance of the composites. These observations not only explain the variability in the creep response of various SiC whisker-reinforced alumina composites but also indicate factors that can be used to enhance the elevated temperature performance.

Lin, H.T.; Becher, P.F. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States). Metals and Ceramics Div.

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

FSRG Monographs The Cranberry Industry and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FSRG Monographs The Cranberry Industry and Ocean Spray Cooperative: Lessons in Cooperative Research Group #12;F S R G M o n o g r a p h s The Cranberry Industry and Ocean Spray Cooperative: Lessons OF THE U.S. CRANBERRY INDUSTRY 2 Early History 2 The Beginning of Cranberry Processing 3 The 1959 Cancer

Radeloff, Volker C.

147

Bidirectional Technology Transfer: Sabbaticals in Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bidirectional Technology Transfer: Sabbaticals in Industry Mark D. Hill University of Wisconsin---not just technology transfer---through a ten­month sabbatical in an industrial product group. I advocate product group. The next sections discuss technology transfer, my recent sabbatical, and conclude

Hill, Mark D.

148

Industrial Gases as a Vehicle for Competitiveness  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the diversity and options available to enable cost savings and environmentally driven process improvements. Industrial gases have come of age during the last fifteen years. Engineers and scientists have looked beyond the paradigms of their operations...INDUSTRIAL GASES AS A VEHICLE FOR COMPETITIVENESS James R. Dale, Director, Technology Programs, Airco Industrial Gases Division, The BOC Group, Inc., Murray Hill, New Jersey ABSTRACT Industrial gases are produced using compressed air...

Dale, J. R.

149

Abundances of presolar graphite and SiC from supernovae and AGB stars in the Murchison meteorite  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Pesolar graphite grains exhibit a range of densities (1.65 – 2.20 g/cm{sup 3}). We investigated abundances of presolar graphite grains formed in supernovae and in asymptotic giant branch (AGB) stars in the four density fractions KE3, KFA1, KFB1 and KFC1 extracted from the Murchison meteorite to probe dust productions in these stellar sources. Seventy-six and 50% of the grains in the low-density fractions KE3 and KFA1, respectively, are supernova grains, while only 7.2% and 0.9% of the grains in the high-density fractions KFB1 and KFC1 have a supernova origin. Grains of AGB star origin are concentrated in the high-density fractions KFB1 and KFC1. From the C isotopic distributions of these fractions and the presence of s-process Kr with {sup 86}Kr/{sup 82}Kr?=?4.43±0.46 in KFC1, we estimate that 76% and 80% of the grains in KFB1 and KFC1, respectively, formed in AGB stars. From the abundance of graphite grains in the Murchison meteorite, 0.88 ppm, the abundances of graphite from supernovae and AGB stars are 0.24 ppm and 0.44 ppm, respectively: the abundances of graphite in supernovae and AGB stars are comparable. In contrast, it has been known that 1% of SiC grains formed in supernovae and 95% formed in AGB stars in meteorites. Since the abundance of SiC grains is 5.85 ppm in the Murchison meteorite, the abundances of SiC from supernovae and AGB stars are 0.063 ppm and 5.6 ppm, respectively: the dominant source of SiC grains is AGB stars. Since SiC grains are harder and likely to survive better in space than graphite grains, the abundance of supernova graphite grains, which is higher than that of supernova SiC grains, indicates that supernovae proficiently produce graphite grains. Graphite grains from AGB stars are, in contrast, less abundant that SiC grains from AGB stars (0.44 ppm vs. 5.6 ppm). It is difficult to derive firm conclusions for graphite and SiC formation in AGB stars due to the difference in susceptibility to grain destruction. Metallicity of the parent AGB stars of graphite grains is much lower than that of SiC grains and the difference in metallicity might also have affected to the difference in the abundances in the Murchison meteorite.

Amari, Sachiko; Zinner, Ernst [McDonnell Center for the Space Sciences and the Physics Department, Washington University, One Brookings Dr., St. Louis, MO 63130 (United States); Gallino, Roberto [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universitŕ di Torino, Via P. Giuria 1, I-10125 Torino (Italy)

2014-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

150

Effect of re-melting on particle distribution and interface formation in SiC reinforced 2124Al matrix composite  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The interface between metal matrix and ceramic reinforcement particles plays an important role in improving properties of the metal matrix composites. Hence, it is important to find out the interface structure of composite after re-melting. In the present investigation, the 2124Al matrix with 10 wt.% SiC particle reinforced composite was re-melted at 800 °C and 900 °C for 10 min followed by pouring into a permanent mould. The microstructures reveal that the SiC particles are distributed throughout the Al-matrix. The volume fraction of SiC particles varies from top to bottom of the composite plate and the difference increases with the decrease of re-melting temperature. The interfacial structure of re-melted 2124Al–10 wt.%SiC composite was investigated using scanning electron microscopy, an electron probe micro-analyzer, a scanning transmission electron detector fitted with scanning electron microscopy and an X-ray energy dispersive spectrometer. It is found that a thick layer of reaction product is formed at the interface of composite after re-melting. The experimental results show that the reaction products at the interface are associated with high concentration of Cu, Mg, Si and C. At re-melting temperature, liquid Al reacts with SiC to form Al{sub 4}C{sub 3} and Al–Si eutectic phase or elemental Si at the interface. High concentration of Si at the interface indicates that SiC is dissociated during re-melting. The X-ray energy dispersive spectrometer analyses confirm that Mg- and Cu-enrich phases are formed at the interface region. The Mg is segregated at the interface region and formed MgAl{sub 2}O{sub 4} in the presence of oxygen. The several elements identified at the interface region indicate that different types of interfaces are formed in between Al matrix and SiC particles. The Al–Si eutectic phase is formed around SiC particles during re-melting which restricts the SiC dissolution. - Highlights: • Re-melted composite shows homogeneous particle distribution • Thick reaction products are observed at the interface • Carbide is identified at interface due to SiC dissolution at high temperature • Reaction products are also Si enrich phase • Mg and Cu segregated and formed MgAl{sub 2}O{sub 4}, CuMgAl{sub 2} phase at grain boundary.

Mandal, Durbadal, E-mail: durbadal73@yahoo.co.in [MEF Division, CSIR-National Metallurgical Laboratory, Jamshedpur 831007 (India); Viswanathan, Srinath [Dept of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL (United States)

2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

151

A wide bandgap silicon carbide (SiC) gate driver for high-temperature and high-voltage applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Limitations of silicon (Si) based power electronic devices can be overcome with Silicon Carbide (SiC) because of its remarkable material properties. SiC is a wide bandgap semiconductor material with larger bandgap, lower leakage currents, higher breakdown electric field, and higher thermal conductivity, which promotes higher switching frequencies for high power applications, higher temperature operation, and results in higher power density devices relative to Si [1]. The proposed work is focused on design of a SiC gate driver to drive a SiC power MOSFET, on a Cree SiC process, with rise/fall times (less than 100 ns) suitable for 500 kHz to 1 MHz switching frequency applications. A process optimized gate driver topology design which is significantly different from generic Si circuit design is proposed. The ultimate goal of the project is to integrate this gate driver into a Toyota Prius plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) charger module. The application of this high frequency charger will result in lighter, smaller, cheaper, and a more efficient power electronics system.

Lamichhane, Ranjan [University of Arkansas; Ericson, Milton Nance [ORNL; Frank, Steven Shane [ORNL; BRITTONJr., CHARLES L. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Marlino, Laura D [ORNL; Mantooth, Alan [University of Arkansas; Francis, Matt [APEI, Inc.; Shepherd, Dr. Paul [University of Arkansas; Glover, Dr. Michael [University of Arkansas; Podar, Mircea [ORNL; Perez, M [University of Arkansas; Mcnutt, Tyler [APEI, Inc.; Whitaker, Mr. Bret [APEI, Inc.; Cole, Mr. Zach [APEI, Inc.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Thermomechanical Performance of Si-Ti-C-O and Sintered SiC Fiber-Bonded Ceramics at High Temperatures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The stress-temperature-lifetime response of Si-Ti-C-O fiber-bonded ceramic (Tyrannohex ) and sintered SiC fiber-bonded ceramic (SA-Tyrannohex ) materials were investigated in air from 500 to 1150 C and 500 to 1400 C, respectively. The apparent threshold stress of Si-Ti-C-O fiber-bonded ceramic was about 175 MPa in the 500-1150 C temperature range. When the applied stress of the sintered SiC fiber-bonded ceramic was below an apparent threshold stress (e.g., ~225MPa) for tests conducted 1150 C, no failures were observed for lifetimes up to 1000h. In the case of sintered SiC fiber-bonded ceramic, at the temperature of 1300 C, the apparent threshold stress decreased to 175 MPa. The decrease in strength seemed to be caused by grain growth which was confirmed from the SEM fractography. Both fiber-bonded ceramics exhibited much higher durability than a commercial SiC/SiC composite at temperatures above 500 C. In addition, results suggested that the sintered SiC fiber-bonded ceramic (SA-Tyrannohex) is more stable than a Hi-Nicalon/MI SiC composite with BN/SiC fiber coating at temperatures above 1300 C.

Matsunaga, Tadashi [ORNL; Lin, Hua-Tay [ORNL; Singh, Mrityunjay [NASA-Glenn Research Center, Cleveland; Kajii, Shinji [Ube Industries, Ltd.; Matsunaga, Kenji [Ube Industries, Ltd.; Ishikawa, Toshihiro [Ube Industries, Ltd.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Lifetime Response of a Hi-Nicalon Fiber-Reinforced Melt-Infiltrated SiC Matrix Composites  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Lifetime studies in four-point flexure were performed on a Hi-NicalonTM fiber-reinforced SiC matrix composite over a temperature range of 700 degrees to 1150 degrees C in air. The composite consisted of ~40 vol. % Hi-NicalonTM fiber (8-harness weave) with a 0.5 Mu-m BN fiber coating and a melt-infiltration SiC matrix wand was tested with as-machined surfaces. Lifetime results indicated that the composite exhibited a stress-dependent lifetime at stress levels above an apparent fatigue limit, similar to the trend observed in CG-NicalonTM fiber reinforced CVI SiC matrix composites. At less than or equal to 950 degrees C, the lifetimes of Hi-Nicalon/MI SiC composites decreased with increasing applied stress level and test temperature. However, the lifetimes were extended as test temperature increased from 950 degees to 1150 degrees C as a result of surface crack sealing due to glass formation by the oxidation of Mi SiC matrix. The lifetime governing processes were, in general, attributed to the progressive oxidation of BN fiber coating and formation of glassy phase, which formed a strong bond between fiber and matrix, resulting in embrittlement of the composite with time.

Becher, P.F.; Lin, H.T.; Singh, M.

1999-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

154

Zero emission passenger vehicles in tyhhe [sic] United States, anticipating future automobile industry trends based on stakeholder interview analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

My personal interest in automobile evolution is the primary motivation for this thesis. My engineering education and a fifteen year career in professional automobile racing were also inspired by personal passion for ...

German, Thomas M

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Active & passive oxidation of dense SiC & Al?O? composites  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that the initial rate of oxidation is dependent on the surface reaction between SiC and oxygen till a su6icient thickness of Si02 was formed to produce a diffusion - controlled mechanism. The rate determining step in the passive oxidation was the diffusion... of oxidation. Passive oxidation (in air and oxygen) resulted in a gain in weight, which was determined to be higher for higher partial pressures of oxygen, and led to the formation of an aluminosilicate layer on the surface of the specimen. The composition...

Malhotra, Rohit

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Characterization Of Superconducting Samples With SIC System For Thin Film Developments: Status And Recent Results  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Within any thin film development program directed towards SRF accelerating structures, there is a need for an RF characterization device that can provide information about RF properties of small samples. The current installation of the RF characterization device at Jefferson Lab is Surface Impedance Characterization (SIC) system. The data acquisition environment for the system has recently been improved to allow for automated measurement, and the system has been routinely used for characterization of bulk Nb, films of Nb on Cu, MgB{sub 2}, NbTiN, Nb{sub 3}Sn films, etc. We present some of the recent results that illustrate present capabilities and limitations of the system.

Phillips, H. Lawrence [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA (United States); Reece, Charles E. [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA (United States); Valente-Feliciano, Anne-Marie [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA (United States); Xiao, Binping [Brookhaven National Lab, Upton, NY (United States); Eremeev, Grigory V. [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA (United States)

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Industrial Users  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-SeriesFlickrinformation for planningtoA Journey Inside the Complex andIndustrial

158

Industry Economists  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-SeriesFlickrinformation for planningtoA Journey Inside the ComplexIndustry

159

Industry @ ALS  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinanInformation Desert Southwest Region service area.Portaldefault Sign In AboutIn theIndustry @ ALS

160

Formation of a Buffer Layer for Graphene on C-face SiC{0001} Guowei He, N. Srivastava, and R. M. Feenstra  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Formation of a Buffer Layer for Graphene on C-face SiC{0001} Guowei He, N. Srivastava, and R. M. Feenstra Dept. Physics, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 Abstract Graphene films prepared a graphene-like "buffer layer" that forms between the graphene and the SiC, similar to that observed on Si

Feenstra, Randall

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "industry group sic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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161

Mechanical & Industrial Engineering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mechanical & Industrial Engineering 1 Welcome MIE Industrial Advisory Board October 15, 2010 #12;Mechanical & Industrial Engineering 2 MIE Dorothy Adams Undergraduate/Graduate Secretary David Schmidt Associate Professor & Graduate Program Director #12;Mechanical & Industrial Engineering 3 MIE James Rinderle

Mountziaris, T. J.

162

Characterization and photoluminescence of Co-doped SiC films  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Co-doped SiC films are fabricated on Si (100) substrates by radio frequency magnetron sputtering, and the crystal structure, composition, element valences, local structure, and photoluminescence of the films are studied. Crystal structure analysis identifies the film structure as 3C-SiC and shows that the Co dopant atoms form CoSi secondary phase compounds in the films. The composition and element valence analysis show that the Co dopant atoms substituting for C sites in the SiC lattice exist in the form of Co{sup 2+} ions, and that C clusters are present in the films, which increase in amount with increasing Co dopant concentration. The analysis of local structure reveals that Co clusters, CoO and Co{sub 3}O{sub 4}, are not present in the films, and CoSi secondary phase compounds exist. All of the films show a violet photoluminescence peak located at 413 nm, which becomes stronger with increased Co dopant concentration and annealing temperature, and is found to originate from the C clusters.

Sun, Xianke [School of Material Science and Engineering, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, China and Tianjin Key Laboratory for Photoelectric Materials and Devices, Tianjin 300384 (China)] [School of Material Science and Engineering, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, China and Tianjin Key Laboratory for Photoelectric Materials and Devices, Tianjin 300384 (China); Jin, Xin; Wang, Shiqi; Liu, Huarui; Sun, Peng; An, Yukai [Tianjin Key Laboratory for Photoelectric Materials and Devices, Tianjin University of Technology, Tianjin 300384, China and School of Material Science and Engineering, Tianjin University of Technology, Tianjin 300384 (China)] [Tianjin Key Laboratory for Photoelectric Materials and Devices, Tianjin University of Technology, Tianjin 300384, China and School of Material Science and Engineering, Tianjin University of Technology, Tianjin 300384 (China); Guo, Ruisong [School of Material Science and Engineering, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072 (China)] [School of Material Science and Engineering, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072 (China); Liu, Jiwen [School of Material Science and Engineering, Tianjin University of Technology, Tianjin 300384, China, Tianjin Key Laboratory for Photoelectric Materials and Devices, Tianjin University of Technology, Tianjin 300384, China, and School of Material Science and Engineering, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072 (China)] [School of Material Science and Engineering, Tianjin University of Technology, Tianjin 300384, China, Tianjin Key Laboratory for Photoelectric Materials and Devices, Tianjin University of Technology, Tianjin 300384, China, and School of Material Science and Engineering, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072 (China)

2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

163

Engineering Industrial & Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Industrial Engineering Department of Industrial & Systems Engineering Leslie Monplaisir, Ph powerful tool sets used in industry today. -Brent Gillett, BSIE 2007 Advanced Planning Engineer at BMW I is available at: http://ise.wayne.edu/bs-industrial/index What is Industrial Engineering? The industrial

Berdichevsky, Victor

164

INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING Industrial engineering is concerned  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING Industrial engineering is concerned with looking at the "big picture" of systems that allow organizations and individuals to perform at their best. Industrial engineers bridge should be used and how they should be used. Industrial engineers design and run the factories and systems

165

INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING Industrial engineering is concerned  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING Industrial engineering is concerned with looking at the "big picture" of systems that allow organizations and individuals to perform at their best. Industrial engineers bridge should be used and how they should be used. The focus of industrial engineering is on process improvement

166

agencies industrial facilities: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Industrial Processes and Industries Associated with Cancer in Humans CiteSeer Summary: Report of an IARC ad hoc Working Group which met in Lyon, 8- i 2 February i 982 to advise...

167

Power Loss Estimation in SiC Power BJTs Cheng, Chen, SATIE, France, cheng.chen@satie.ens-cachan.fr  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Power Loss Estimation in SiC Power BJTs Cheng, Chen, SATIE, France, cheng, in the first step, presents the electrical and calorimetric power loss measurement [6]. A comparative study with a Tektronix TCP0030 probe (120MHz). Fig. 1. Circuit diagram of the test setup. 3. Power loss measurement

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

168

Growth of crystalline X-Sic on Si at reduced temperatures by chemical vapor deposition from `silacycllobutane  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and TPS resulted in single crystal layer" on Si ( 111) only up to a thickness of 2000 h;. Highly orientedGrowth of crystalline X-Sic on Si at reduced temperatures by chemical vapor deposition from grown by SCB at a temperature of 800 "C. The progress of SiC/Si heterojunction devices has been C3HsSiH2

Steckl, Andrew J.

169

Group X  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This project is currently under contract for research through the Department of Homeland Security until 2011. The group I was responsible for studying has to remain confidential so as not to affect the current project. All dates, reference links and authors, and other distinguishing characteristics of the original group have been removed from this report. All references to the name of this group or the individual splinter groups has been changed to 'Group X'. I have been collecting texts from a variety of sources intended for the use of recruiting and radicalizing members for Group X splinter groups for the purpose of researching the motivation and intent of leaders of those groups and their influence over the likelihood of group radicalization. This work included visiting many Group X websites to find information on splinter group leaders and finding their statements to new and old members. This proved difficult because the splinter groups of Group X are united in beliefs, but differ in public opinion. They are eager to tear each other down, prove their superiority, and yet remain anonymous. After a few weeks of intense searching, a list of eight recruiting texts and eight radicalizing texts from a variety of Group X leaders were compiled.

Fields, Susannah

2007-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

170

CARBON STARS WITH INFRARED SPECTRA IN GROUP P OF THE IRAS/LRS DATABASE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Sources with infrared spectra in Group P of the IRAS/LRS database all show polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon features. They are often planetary nebulae, H II regions, reflection/dark nebulae, Wolf-Rayet stars, or external galaxies. However, we noted that some carbon stars are also included in this group. We searched for and investigated all infrared spectra in Group P of the IRAS/LRS database. Finally, we found 11 previously known carbon stars and identified 8 new candidate carbon stars in Group P. Infrared spectra of these stars may present the 11.2 {mu}m SiC emission features indicative of their carbon-rich properties.

Chen, P. S. [National Astronomical Observatories/Yunnan Observatory and Key Laboratory for the Structure and Evolution of Celestial Objects, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650011 (China); Yang, X. H., E-mail: chenps@ynao.ac.cn, E-mail: yangxh@cqu.edu.cn [Department of Physics, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400044 (China)

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

The oxidation behavior of SiC sintered with Al-B-C and improved oxidation resistance via heat treatments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The oxidation behavior of high strength and high toughness SiC, sintered with Al, B, and C (ABC-SiC), was examined. Kinetic data were acquired and the parabolic rate constant for oxidation was determined and compared with literature data on various SiC materials. The role of secondary phases on the oxide morphology was explored. ABC-SiC was compared to commercially available SiC, Hexoloy, and SiC sintered with 10% yttrium aluminum garnet (YAG). Two-step sintering (pre-coarsening) was employed with holds for 48 hours at 600--1,600 C, prior to the typical hot-pressing conditions of 1,900 C for 1 hour, to change the chemistry and reduce the number of bubbles in the silica scale. The effects on the oxide thickness and integrity was examined as a function of the precoarsening heat treatment temperature. Additionally, the hot-pressed ABC-SiC was subjected to heat treatments (anneals) at 1,800 C for 1 hour in nitrogen, Ar, and vacuum environments, and the effects on subsequent oxidation were evaluated. The Ar and vacuum heat treatments dramatically improved the oxidation resistance of ABC-SiC. Finally, reoxidation experiments were performed to try to alter the surface chemistry of the SiC to improve the oxidation resistance. The four-point bend strengths and two-parameter Weibull plots of the most successful heat treatments were compared with the standard ABC-SiC to ensure that significant degradation did not result from altering the processing of the material.

Sixta, M. [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Mineral Engineering]|[Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States). Materials Science Div.

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Vickers microindentation toughness of a sintered SiC in the median-crack regime  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Vickers microindentation method for the determination of the fracture toughness of ceramics was investigated in the median crack regime for a sintered alpha SiC. The results are compared with fracture toughness measurements by conventional fracture mechanics technique and also with the reported indentation toughness for the low-load Palmqvist crack regime. Indentation toughnesses in the median crack regime vary widely depending on the choice of the specific equation which is applied. The indentation toughnesses are also load (crack length) dependent. A decreasing R-curve trend results, in contradiction to the flat R-curve that has been observed with conventional fracture mechanics techniques. It is concluded that the Vickers microindentation method is not a reliable technique for the determination of the fracture toughness of ceramics in the median crack regime.

Ghosh, Asish; Kobayashi, A.S. (Washington Univ., Seattle, WA (United States). Coll. of Engineering); Li, Zhuang (Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)); Henager, C.H. Jr. (Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States)); Bradt, R.C. (Nevada Univ., Reno, NV (United States). Mackay School of Mines)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Redeveloping Lawrence, Massachusetts' [sic] Historic Mill District : insights into adaptive reuse in untested residential markets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lawrence, Massachusetts is one of a number of post-industrial cities in the northeastern United States that has the potential to convert underutilized industrial buildings into a valuable community asset, namely housing. ...

Clark, Heather, 1978-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Industrial and Systems engineering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Industrial and Systems engineering COLLEGE of ENGINEERING DepartmentofIndustrialandSystemsEngineering EDGE Engineering Entrepreneur Certificate Program is a great addition to an industrial and systems to expert clinical recommendations. engineering.wayne.edu/isefaculty Industrial and systems engineering

Berdichevsky, Victor

175

CASL Industry Council Meeting  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

IndustryCouncil.shtml The new members that joined the Industry Council include NPP owneroperators with analysis capability: Tyrone Stevens of Exelon, and SMR vendors:...

176

Uranium industry annual 1997  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report provides statistical data on the U.S. uranium industry`s activities relating to uranium raw materials and uranium marketing.

NONE

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Effect of heat treatment on microstructure and interface of SiC particle reinforced 2124 Al matrix composite  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The microstructure and interface between metal matrix and ceramic reinforcement of a composite play an important role in improving its properties. In the present investigation, the interface and intermetallic compound present in the samples were characterized to understand structural stability at an elevated temperature. Aluminum based 2124 alloy with 10 wt.% silicon carbide (SiC) particle reinforced composite was prepared through vortex method and the solid ingot was deformed by hot rolling for better particle distribution. Heat treatment of the composite was carried out at 575 °C with varying holding time from 1 to 48 h followed by water quenching. In this study, the microstructure and interface of the SiC particle reinforced Al based composites have been studied using optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) coupled with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), electron probe micro-analyzer (EPMA) associated with wavelength dispersive spectroscopy (WDS) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) to identify the precipitate and intermetallic phases that are formed during heat treatment. The SiC particles are uniformly distributed in the aluminum matrix. The microstructure analyses of Al–SiC composite after heat treatment reveal that a wide range of dispersed phases are formed at grain boundary and surrounding the SiC particles. The energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy and wavelength dispersive spectroscopy analyses confirm that finely dispersed phases are CuAl{sub 2} and CuMgAl{sub 2} intermetallic and large spherical phases are Fe{sub 2}SiAl{sub 8} or Al{sub 15}(Fe,Mn){sub 3}Si. It is also observed that a continuous layer enriched with Cu and Mg of thickness 50–80 nm is formed at the interface in between Al and SiC particles. EDS analysis also confirms that Cu and Mg are segregated at the interface of the composite while no carbide is identified at the interface. - Highlights: • The composite was successfully heat treated at 575°C for 1-48 hrs. • A layer of 50-75 nm is formed at interface after heat treatment. • No Carbide formation and SiC dissolution is observed at this temperature. • MgAl{sub 2}O{sub 4}, CuMgAl{sub 2} phases are segregated at interface of Al-SiC composite. • Mg and Cu are also segregated at near to the grain boundary.

Mandal, Durbadal, E-mail: durbadal73@yahoo.co.in [MEF Division, CSIR-National Metallurgical Laboratory, Jamshedpur 831007 (India); Viswanathan, Srinath [Dept of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL (United States)

2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

178

Illinois Wind Workers Group  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Illinois Wind Working Group (IWWG) was founded in 2006 with about 15 members. It has grown to over 200 members today representing all aspects of the wind industry across the State of Illinois. In 2008, the IWWG developed a strategic plan to give direction to the group and its activities. The strategic plan identifies ways to address critical market barriers to the further penetration of wind. The key to addressing these market barriers is public education and outreach. Since Illinois has a restructured electricity market, utilities no longer have a strong control over the addition of new capacity within the state. Instead, market acceptance depends on willing landowners to lease land and willing county officials to site wind farms. Many times these groups are uninformed about the benefits of wind energy and unfamiliar with the process. Therefore, many of the project objectives focus on conferences, forum, databases and research that will allow these stakeholders to make well-educated decisions.

David G. Loomis

2012-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

179

Automata groups  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-presentation. We also find the L-presentation for several other groups generated by three-state automata, and we describe the defining relations in the Grigorchuk groups G_w. In case when the sequence w is almost periodic these relations provide an L...

Muntyan, Yevgen

2010-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

180

Electrodeposited composite coating of Ni-W-P with nano-sized rod- and spherical-shaped SiC particles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this research, Ni-W-P-SiC nanocomposite coatings are electrodeposited from the plating solution containing suspension of nano-sized spherical- and rod-shaped SiC particles. The influence of SiC particle charge, applied current density, surfactant addition and the particle shape on the SiC incorporation rate has been studied. The phase structure, microhardness and wear resistance of Ni-W-P-SiC nanocomposite coatings were evaluated using X-ray diffraction (XRD), microhardness tester and wear test apparatus. The surface morphology of the produced coatings and worn surfaces has been investigated using scanning electron microscope (SEM). Additionally, the composite coating exhibited higher hardness and wear resistance than the pure Ni-W-P alloy. Regardless the particle shape, the mechanical characteristics of composite coatings are improved with increasing of SiC wt.% into the matrix. The corrosion behavior of the produced coatings was studied using anodic polarization measurements. The nanocomposite coating incorporating SiC rods exhibited higher mechanical and corrosion performance compared with deposits with spherical SiC nano-particles.

Aal, A. Abdel [Central Metallurgical R and D Institute (CMRDI), P.O. Box 87, Hellwan, Cairo (Egypt)], E-mail: foralsayed@gmail.com; El-Sheikh, S.M.; Ahmed, Y.M.Z. [Central Metallurgical R and D Institute (CMRDI), P.O. Box 87, Hellwan, Cairo (Egypt)

2009-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "industry group sic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Spectrally enhancing near-field radiative heat transfer by exciting magnetic polariton in SiC gratings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the present work, we theoretically demonstrate, for the first time, that near field radiative transport between 1D periodic grating microstructures separated by subwavelength vacuum gaps can be significantly enhanced by exciting magnetic resonance or polariton. Fluctuational electrodynamics that incorporates scattering matrix theory with rigorous coupled wave analysis is employed to exactly calculate the near field radiative heat flux between two SiC gratings. Besides the well known coupled surface phonon polaritons (SPhP), an additional spectral radiative heat flux peak, which is due to magnetic polariton, is found within the phonon absorption band of SiC. The mechanisms, behaviors and interplays between magnetic polariton, coupled SPhP, single interface SPhP, and Wood's anomaly in the near field radiative transport are elucidated in detail. The findings will open up a new way to control near field radiative heat transfer by magnetic resonance with micro or nanostructured metamaterials.

Yang, Yue

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Interface defects in SiC power MOSFETs - An electrically detected magnetic resonance study based on spin dependent recombination  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study presents electrically detected magnetic resonance (EDMR) measurements on a silicon carbide (SiC) MOSFET having the structure of a double-diffused silicon MOSFET (DMOS). The resonance pattern of a SiC DMOS was measured by monitoring the change of the recombination current between the source/body and the drain. The amplitude of the response has a maximum when the device is biased in depletion due to the equal concentrations of electrons and holes at the interface resulting in the most efficient recombination. The measured anisotropic g-tensor has axial symmetry with g{sub ?} = 2.0051(4) (B ? c-axis), and g{sub ?} = 2.0029(4) (B? c-axis) and the pattern shows several hyperfine (HF) peaks. We tentatively identify the observed defect as a silicon vacancy located directly at the interface.

Gruber, Gernot [KAI GmbH, Europastrasse 8, 9500 Villach, Austria and Graz University of Technology - Institute of Solid State Physics, Petersgasse 16, 8020 Graz (Austria); Hadley, Peter [Graz University of Technology - Institute of Solid State Physics, Petersgasse 16, 8020 Graz (Austria); Koch, Markus [Graz University of Technology - Institute of Experimental Physics, Petersgasse 16, 8020 Graz (Austria); Peters, Dethard [Infineon Technologies, Schottkystrasse 10, 91058 Erlangen (Germany); Aichinger, Thomas [Infineon Technologies, Siemensstrasse 2, 9500 Villach (Australia)

2014-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

183

INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING GRADUATE PROGRAMS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING GRADUATE PROGRAMS The Master of Science in Industrial Engineering (M Systems and Engineering (M.S.M.S.E.), the Doctor of Philosophy in Industrial Engineering, and the Doctor of Philosophy in Systems and Engineering Management programs prepare competent industrial engineers

Gelfond, Michael

184

Mechanical & Industrial Engineering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mechanical & Industrial Engineering 1 Welcome MIE Industrial Advisory Board May 5th, 2011 #12;Mechanical & Industrial Engineering 2 IAB 2010-2011 · David K. Anderson ­ Alden Research Laboratory, Inc went on for three weeks Mechanical & Industrial Engineering 6 #12;Reza Shahbazian Yassar Mechanical

Mountziaris, T. J.

185

Industry Analysis February 2013  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

technology ­ Clean tech/ clean technology #12;7 Industry Studies · IbisWorld ­ U.S. and global industry-Industries · Biodiesel ­ Biofuel ­ Alternate fuels ­ Green fuels ­ Renewable fuels/energy ­ Green energy ­ Green Canada, Census, Industry Canada, the OECD, European Union, IMF, World Bank, UN . . . Never pay for stats

Abolmaesumi, Purang

186

A TEM quantitative evaluation of strengthening in an Mg-RE alloy reinforced with SiC  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Magnesium alloys containing rare earth elements are known to have high specific strength, good creep and corrosion resistance up to 523 K. The addition of SiC ceramic particles strengthens the metal matrix composite resulting in better wear and creep resistance while maintaining good machinability. The role of the reinforcement particles in enhancing strength can be quantitatively evaluated using transmission electron microscopy (TEM). This paper presents a quantitative evaluation of the different strengthening contributions, determined through TEM inspections, in an SiC Mg-RE composite alloy containing yttrium, neodymium, gadolinium and dysprosium. Compression tests at temperatures ranging between 290 and 573 K were carried out. The microstructure strengthening mechanism was studied for all the compression conditions. Strengthening was compared to the mechanical results and the way the different contributions were combined is also discussed and justified. - Research Highlights: {yields} TEM yield strengthening terms evaluation on a Mg-RE SiC alloy. {yields} The evaluation has been extended to different compression temperature conditions. {yields} Linear and Quadratic sum has been proposed and validated. {yields} Hall-Petch was found to be the most prominent strengthening contributions.

Cabibbo, Marcello, E-mail: m.cabibbo@univpm.it; Spigarelli, Stefano

2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

187

Hydrogen intercalation of single and multiple layer graphene synthesized on Si-terminated SiC(0001) surface  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ab initio density functional theory simulations were used to investigate the influence of hydrogen intercalation on the electronic properties of single and multiple graphene layers deposited on the SiC(0001) surface (Si-face). It is shown that single carbon layer, known as a buffer layer, covalently bound to the SiC substrate, is liberated after hydrogen intercalation, showing characteristic Dirac cones in the band structure. This is in agreement with the results of angle resolved photoelectron spectroscopy measurements of hydrogen intercalation of SiC-graphene samples. In contrast to that hydrogen intercalation has limited impact on the multiple sheet graphene, deposited on Si-terminated SiC surface. The covalently bound buffer layer is liberated attaining its graphene like structure and dispersion relation typical for multilayer graphene. Nevertheless, before and after intercalation, the four layer graphene preserved the following dispersion relations in the vicinity of K point: linear for (AAAA) stacking, direct parabolic for Bernal (ABAB) stacking and “wizard hat” parabolic for rhombohedral (ABCA) stacking.

So?tys, Jakub; Piechota, Jacek; Ptasinska, Maria [Interdisciplinary Centre for Mathematical and Computational Modelling, University of Warsaw, Pawi?skiego 5a, 02-106 Warsaw (Poland); Krukowski, Stanis?aw, E-mail: stach@unipress.waw.pl [Interdisciplinary Centre for Mathematical and Computational Modelling, University of Warsaw, Pawi?skiego 5a, 02-106 Warsaw (Poland); Institute of High Pressure Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Soko?owska 29/37, 01-142 Warsaw (Poland)

2014-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

188

Data Management Group Annual Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Civil Engineering, Uni- versity of Toronto Data Management Groups Web Site http Susanna Choy, B.A.Sc. (Industrial Engineering), M.Eng. (Civil Engineering) Uni- versity of Toronto, P.Eng. Reuben Briggs, B.A.Sc. (Civil Engineering), M.A.Sc. (Civil Engineering) Univer- sity of Toronto, P

Toronto, University of

189

Damage Profiles and Ion Distribution in Pt-irradiated SiC  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Single crystalline 6H-SiC samples were irradiated at 150 K with 2 MeV Pt ions. The local volume swelling was determined by electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS), and a nearly sigmoidal dependence on irradiation dose is observed. The disorder profiles and ion distribution were determined by Rutherford backscattering spectrometry (RBS), transmission electron microscopy, and secondary ion mass spectrometry. Since the volume swelling reaches 12% over the damage region at high ion fluence, the effect of lattice expansion is considered and corrected for in the analysis of RBS spectra to obtain depth profiles. Projectile and damage profiles are estimated by SRIM (Stopping and Range of Ions in Matter).When compared with the measured profiles, the SRIM code predictions of ion distribution and the damage profiles are underestimated due to significant overestimation of the electronic stopping power for the slow heavy Pt ions. By utilizing the reciprocity method, which is based on the invariance of the inelastic energy loss in ion-solid collisions against interchange of projectile and target atom, a much lower electronic stopping power is deduced. A simple approach, based on reducing the density of SiC target in SRIM simulation, is proposed to compensate the overestimated SRIM electronic stopping power values, which results in improved agreement between predicted and measured damage profiles and ion ranges.

Xue, Haizhou; Zhang, Yanwen; Zhu, Zihua; Zhang, Weiming; Bae, In-Tae; Weber, William J.

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Irradiation of SiC Clad Fuel Rods in the HFIR  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During 2009 and- 2010, new test capability for the High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) was developed that allows testing of advanced nuclear fuels and cladding under prototypic light-water-reactor (LWR) operating conditions (i.e., cladding and fuel temperatures, fuel average linear heat generation rates, and cladding fluence). For the initial experiments for this test program, ORNL teamed with commercial fuel/cladding vendors who have developed an advanced composite-wound SiC cladding material for possible use in LWRs. The first experiment, containing SiC-clad UN fuel, was inserted in HFIR in June 2010, and the second experiment, containing SiC-clad UO2 fuel, was inserted in October 2010. Two capsules (one containing UN fuel and the other UO2) were withdrawn from their respective assemblies in November 2011 at an estimated fuel burnup of approximately 10 GWd/MTHM; and two capsules (one containing UN fuel and the other UO2) were withdrawn from their respective assemblies in February 2013 at an estimated fuel burnup of approximately 20 GWd/MTHM. These capsules are currently awaiting PIE. This paper will describe the experiment, as-run operating conditions for these capsules, and current PIE plans and status.

Ott, Larry J [ORNL] [ORNL; Bell, Gary L [ORNL] [ORNL; Ellis, Ronald James [ORNL] [ORNL; McDuffee, Joel Lee [ORNL] [ORNL; Morris, Robert Noel [ORNL] [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Stress-temperature-lifetime response of nicalon fiber-reinforced SiC composites in air  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Time-to-failure tests were conducted in four-point flexure and in air as a function of stress levels and temperatures to study the lifetime response of various Nicalon fiber-reinforced SiC (designated as Nic/SiC) composites with a graphitic interfacial coating. The results indicated that all of the Nic/SiC composites exhibit a similar stress-dependent failure at applied stress greater than a threshold value. In this case, the lifetimes of the composites increased with decrease in both stress level and test temperature. The lifetime of the composites appeared to be relatively insensitive to the thickness of graphitic interface layer and was enhanced somewhat by the addition of oxidation inhibitors. Electron microscopy and oxidation studies indicated that the life of the Nic/SiC composites was governed by the oxidation of the graphitic interfaces and the on of glass(es) in composites due to the oxidation of the fiber and matrix, inhibitor phases.

Lin, Hua-Tay; Becher, P.F.

1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Application of organosilicon pre-sic polymer technology to optimize rapid prototyping of ceramic components  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Developments of applications of advanced ceramics e.g., SiC, Si{sub 3}N{sub 4}, CMCs need to be on a faster track than what the current processing technologies can afford. Rapid reduction in time to market of new and complex products can be achieved by using Rapid Prototyping and Manufacturing Technologies (RP&M) e.g., 3D-printing, selective laser sintering, stereolithography etc. These technologies will help advanced ceramics meet the performance challenges at an affordable price with reliable manufacturing technologies. The key variables of the RP&M technologies for ceramics are the nature of the polymer carrier and/or the binder, and the powder. Selection and/or the production of a proper class of polymer carrier/binder, understanding their impact on the processing of ceramics such as polymer-powder interaction, speed of hardening the green body in a controlled manner, ability to retain shape during forming and consolidation, delivering desirable properties at the end, are crucial to develop the low cost, high quality ceramic products. Organosilicon pre-SiC polymer technology route to advanced ceramics is currently being commercialized by Dow Corning. Methods to use this class of polymer as a processing aid in developing potentially better RP&M technologies to make better ceramics have been proposed in this work.

Saha, C.K.; Zank, G. [Dow Corning Corporation, Midland, MI (United States); Ghosh, A. [Philips Display Components Co., Ann Arbor, MI (United States)

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Strain-engineered band parameters of graphene-like SiC monolayer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Using full-potential density functional theory (DFT) calculations we show that the band gap and effective masses of charge carriers in SiC monolayer (ML-SiC) in graphene-like two-dimensional honeycomb structure are tunable by strain engineering. ML-SiC was found to preserve its flat 2D graphene-like structure under compressive strain up to 7%. A transition from indirect-to-direct gap-phase is predicted to occur for a strain value lying within the interval (1.11 %, 1.76%). In both gap-phases band gap decreases with increasing strain, although the rate of decrease is different in the two gap-phases. Effective mass of electrons show a non-linearly decreasing trend with increasing tensile strain in the direct gap-phase. The strain-sensitive properties of ML-SiC, may find applications in future strain-sensors, nanoelectromechanical systems (NEMS) and nano-optomechanical systems (NOMS) and other nano-devices.

Behera, Harihar, E-mail: harihar@theglocaluniversity.in [School of Technology, The Glocal University, Mirzapur Pole, Dist.-Saharanpur, U.P.-247001, India and Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Powai, Mumbai-400076 (India); Mukhopadhyay, Gautam, E-mail: gmukh@phy.iitb.ac.in [Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Powai, Mumbai-400076 (India)

2014-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

194

Creep performance of candidate SiC and Si{sub 3}N{sub 4} materials for land-based, gas turbine engine components  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Tensile creep-rupture of a commercial gas pressure sintered Si3N4 and a sintered SiC is examined at 1038, 1150, and 1350 C. These 2 ceramics are candidates for nozzles and combustor tiles that are to be retrofitted in land-based gas turbine engines, and there is interest in their high temperature performance over service times {ge} 10,000 h (14 months). For this long lifetime, a static tensile stress of 300 MPa at 1038/1150 C and 125 Mpa at 1350 C cannot be exceeded for Si3N4; for SiC, the corresponding numbers are 300 Mpa at 1038 C, 250 MPa at 1150 C, and 180 MPa at 1350 C. Creep-stress exponents for Si3N4 are 33, 17, and 8 for 1038, 1150, 1350 C; fatigue- stress exponents are equivalent to creep exponents, suggesting that the fatigue mechanism causing fracture is related to the creep mechanism. Little success was obtained in producing failure in SiC after several decades of time through exposure to appropriate tensile stress; if failure did not occur on loading, then the SiC specimens most often did not creep-rupture. Creep-stress exponents for the SiC were determined to be 57, 27, and 11 for 1038, 1150, and 1350 C. For SiC, the fatigue-stress exponents did not correlate as well with creep-stress exponents. Failures that occurred in the SiC were a result of slow crack growth that initiated from the surface.

Wereszczak, A.A.; Kirkland, T.P.

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Current and future industrial energy service characterizations. Volume III. Energy data on 15 selected states' manufacturing subsector  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An examination is made of the current and future energy demands, and uses, and cost to characterize typical applications and resulting services in the US and industrial sectors of 15 selected states. Volume III presents tables containing data on selected states' manufacturing subsector energy consumption, functional uses, and cost in 1974 and 1976. Alabama, California, Illinois, Indiana, Louisiana, Michigan, Missouri, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Texas, West Virginia, and Wisconsin were chosen as having the greatest potential for replacing conventional fuel with solar energy. Basic data on the quantities, cost, and types of fuel and electric energy purchased by industr for heat and power were obtained from the 1974 and 1976 Annual Survey of Manufacturers. The specific indutrial energy servic cracteristics developed for each selected state include. 1974 and 1976 manufacturing subsector fuels and electricity consumption by 2-, 3-, and 4-digit SIC and primary fuel (quantity and relative share); 1974 and 1976 manufacturing subsector fuel consumption by 2-, 3-, and 4-digit SIC and primary fuel (quantity and relative share); 1974 and 1976 manufacturing subsector average cost of purchsed fuels and electricity per million Btu by 2-, 3-, and 4-digit SIC and primary fuel (in 1976 dollars); 1974 and 1976 manufacturing subsector fuels and electric energy intensity by 2-, 3-, and 4-digit SIC and primary fuel (in 1976 dollars); manufacturing subsector average annual growth rates of (1) fuels and electricity consumption, (2) fuels and electric energy intensity, and (3) average cost of purchased fuels and electricity (1974 to 1976). Data are compiled on purchased fuels, distillate fuel oil, residual ful oil, coal, coal, and breeze, and natural gas. (MCW)

Krawiec, F.; Thomas, T.; Jackson, F.; Limaye, D.R.; Isser, S.; Karnofsky, K.; Davis, T.D.

1980-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

INDUSTRIAL ENGINEER APPRENTICE OPPORTUNITY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INDUSTRIAL ENGINEER APPRENTICE OPPORTUNITY SUMMER 2013 Industrial Engineering COOP Student needed-Fri, for summer 2013. Student must be enrolled in BS Engineering program. (Preferably completed 2-3 yrs

Pohl, Karsten

197

Demographics and industry returns  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Industry category Child care Children’s books Children’s clothing Toysindustry Child care Children’s books Children’s clothing ToysIndustries are associated with high demand by children (child care, toys) and

Pollet, Joshua A.; DellaVigna, Stefano

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Electrotechnologies in Process Industries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Industrial Program at the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) promotes the efficient use of electricity to improve the competitive position of the American industry. Electrotechnologies that improve productivity, improve quality...

Amarnath, K. R.

199

The Industrial Electrification Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EPRI's role as the research organization of the electric power industry, in coordination with potential user industries, is to 1) define the viability of candidate electrification technologies by monitoring the state-of-the-art and continuously...

Harry, I. L.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Geothermal Industry Partnership Opportunities  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Here you'll find links to information about partnership opportunities and programs for the geothermal industry.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "industry group sic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

CFCC working group meeting: Proceedings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is a compilation of the vugraphs presented at this meeting. Presentations covered are: CFCC Working Group; Overview of study on applications for advanced ceramics in industries for the future; Design codes and data bases: The CFCC program and its involvement in ASTM, ISO, ASME, and military handbook 17 activities; CFCC Working Group meeting (McDermott Technology); CFCC Working Group meeting (Textron); CFCC program for DMO materials; Developments in PIP-derived CFCCs; Toughened Silcomp (SiC-Si) composites for gas turbine engine applications; CFCC program for CVI materials; Self-lubricating CFCCs for diesel engine applications; Overview of the CFCC program`s supporting technologies task; Life prediction methodologies for CFCC components; Environmental testing of CFCCs in combustion gas environments; High-temperature particle filtration ORNL/DCC CRADA; HSCT CMC combustor; and Case study -- CFCC shroud for industrial gas turbines.

NONE

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

202

Photovoltaics industry profile  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A description of the status of the US photovoltaics industry is given. Principal end-user industries are identified, domestic and foreign market trends are discussed, and industry-organized and US government-organized trade promotion events are listed. Trade associations and trade journals are listed, and a photovoltaic product manufacturers list is included. (WHK)

None

1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Mechanical & Industrial Engineering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mechanical & Industrial Engineering Mario A. Rotea Professor and Department Head #12;2Mechanical & Industrial Engineering Outline · Undergraduate Degree Programs · Graduate Degree Programs · The Faculty · The Research · Summary #12;3Mechanical & Industrial Engineering Undergraduate Programs ­ BSME & BSIE 0 20 40 60

Mountziaris, T. J.

204

INDUSTRIAL AND BIOMEDICAL APPLICATIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INDUSTRIAL AND BIOMEDICAL APPLICATIONS Frank Smith, Nicholas Ovenden and Richard Purvis University are described, one industrial on violent water-air interaction during an impact process and the other biomedical: industrial, biomedical, impacts, networks, theory, computation, scales. 1. INTRODUCTION It is a pleasure

Purvis, Richard

205

State Level Analysis of Industrial Energy Use  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the regional Interestingly, approximately 98 percent of mining mining consumption, and 10 percent of the total Figure 1. Share of Total Industrial Electricity Consumption by Industry Group for Eight Selected States and the U.S. 90% 80% c: :g, 70% E... .2 1:1 C. E ::l .. g 20% +-------------1 u ~ u E u .. ." iii iii ... ::l ] 10% '0 l!! .. .J:: In 0% / /,. ~/ / 103 ESL-IE-03-05-12 Proceedings from theTwenty-Fifth Industrial Energy Technology Conference, Houston, TX, May 13...

Elliott, R. N.; Shipley, A. M.; Brown, E.

206

FORMATION OF SiC GRAINS IN PULSATION-ENHANCED DUST-DRIVEN WIND AROUND CARBON-RICH ASYMPTOTIC GIANT BRANCH STARS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We investigate the formation of silicon carbide (SiC) grains in the framework of dust-driven wind around pulsating carbon-rich asymptotic giant branch (C-rich AGB) stars to reveal not only the amount but also the size distribution. Two cases are considered for the nucleation process: one is the local thermal equilibrium (LTE) case where the vibration temperature of SiC clusters T{sub v} is equal to the gas temperature as usual, and another is the non-LTE case in which T{sub v} is assumed to be the same as the temperature of small SiC grains. The results of the hydrodynamical calculations for a model with stellar parameters of mass M{sub *} = 1.0 M{sub Sun }, luminosity L{sub *} = 10{sup 4} L{sub Sun }, effective temperature T{sub eff} = 2600 K, C/O ratio = 1.4, and pulsation period P = 650 days show the following: in the LTE case, SiC grains condense in accelerated outflowing gas after the formation of carbon grains, and the resulting averaged mass ratio of SiC to carbon grains of {approx}10{sup -8} is too small to reproduce the value of 0.01-0.3, which is inferred from the radiative transfer models. On the other hand, in the non-LTE case, the formation region of the SiC grains is more internal and/or almost identical to that of the carbon grains due to the so-called inverse greenhouse effect. The mass ratio of SiC to carbon grains averaged at the outer boundary ranges from 0.098 to 0.23 for the sticking probability {alpha}{sub s} = 0.1-1.0. The size distributions with the peak at {approx}0.2-0.3 {mu}m in radius cover the range of size derived from the analysis of the presolar SiC grains. Thus, the difference between the temperatures of the small cluster and gas plays a crucial role in the formation process of SiC grains around C-rich AGB stars, and this aspect should be explored for the formation process of dust grains in astrophysical environments.

Yasuda, Yuki; Kozasa, Takashi, E-mail: yuki@antares-a.sci.hokudai.ac.jp [Department of Natural History Sciences, Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-0810 (Japan)

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Industrial policy and the Indian electronics industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recently, production within India's Electronics sector amounted to a low $12 billion when compared to the global output of $1400 billion. The slow growth in the local industry is often judged to be the result of late ...

Love, Robert (Robert Eric)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Interacting With the Pharmaceutical Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INTERACTING WITH THE PHARMACEUTICAL INDUSTRY Stephen R.to interactions with the pharmaceutical industry! This is ancome from the pharmaceutical industry. It is also reality

Hayden, Stephen R

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Uranium industry annual 1994  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Uranium Industry Annual 1994 (UIA 1994) provides current statistical data on the US uranium industry`s activities relating to uranium raw materials and uranium marketing during that survey year. The UIA 1994 is prepared for use by the Congress, Federal and State agencies, the uranium and nuclear electric utility industries, and the public. It contains data for the 10-year period 1985 through 1994 as collected on the Form EIA-858, ``Uranium Industry Annual Survey.`` Data collected on the ``Uranium Industry Annual Survey`` (UIAS) provide a comprehensive statistical characterization of the industry`s activities for the survey year and also include some information about industry`s plans and commitments for the near-term future. Where aggregate data are presented in the UIA 1994, care has been taken to protect the confidentiality of company-specific information while still conveying accurate and complete statistical data. A feature article, ``Comparison of Uranium Mill Tailings Reclamation in the United States and Canada,`` is included in the UIA 1994. Data on uranium raw materials activities including exploration activities and expenditures, EIA-estimated resources and reserves, mine production of uranium, production of uranium concentrate, and industry employment are presented in Chapter 1. Data on uranium marketing activities, including purchases of uranium and enrichment services, and uranium inventories, enrichment feed deliveries (actual and projected), and unfilled market requirements are shown in Chapter 2.

NONE

1995-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

210

INDUSTRIAL&SYSTEMS Industrial and Systems engineers use engineering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

78 INDUSTRIAL&SYSTEMS Industrial and Systems engineers use engineering and business principles companies compete in today's global marketplace. The Industrial and Systems engineer's task is to take of industries including consulting, technology development, software, supply chain manufacturing, engineering

Rohs, Remo

211

A Tale of Two Levels: Diversification of Business Groups  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

operating in related industries. Relying on the insights from the input-output model, I propose the idea that business groups are more likely to enter industries that have linkages to multiple other industries than to follow the relatedness criterion. I test...

Huh, Dong Wook

2014-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

212

Low-temperature, site selective graphitization of SiC via ion implantation and pulsed laser annealing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A technique is presented to selectively graphitize regions of SiC by ion implantation and pulsed laser annealing (PLA). Nanoscale features are patterned over large areas by multi-ion beam lithography and subsequently converted to few-layer graphene via PLA in air. Graphitization occurs only where ions have been implanted and without elevating the temperature of the surrounding substrate. Samples were characterized using Raman spectroscopy, ion scattering/channeling, SEM, and AFM, from which the degree of graphitization was determined to vary with implantation species, damage and dose, laser fluence, and pulsing. Contrasting growth regimes and graphitization mechanisms during PLA are discussed.

Lemaitre, Maxime G. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32601 (United States); Tongay, Sefaattin [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32601 (United States); Department of Physics, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32601 (United States); Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Nanoscience Institute for Medical and Engineering Technology, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32601 (United States); Wang, Xiaotie [Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32601 (United States); Venkatachalam, Dinesh K.; Elliman, Robert G. [Department of Electronic Materials Engineering, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200 (Australia); Fridmann, Joel [Nanoscience Institute for Medical and Engineering Technology, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32601 (United States); Raith USA, Incorporated, Ronkonkoma, New York 11779 (United States); Gila, Brent P.; Appleton, Bill R. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32601 (United States); Nanoscience Institute for Medical and Engineering Technology, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32601 (United States); Hebard, Arthur F. [Department of Physics, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32601 (United States); Ren, Fan [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32601 (United States); Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32601 (United States)

2012-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

213

Investigation of the Distribution of Fission Products Silver, Palladium and Cadmium in Neutron Irradiated SIC using a Cs Corrected HRTEM  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electron microscopy examinations of selected coated particles from the first advanced gas reactor experiment (AGR-1) at Idaho National Laboratory (INL) provided important information on fission product distribution and chemical composition. Furthermore, recent research using STEM analysis led to the discovery of Ag at SiC grain boundaries and triple junctions. As these Ag precipitates were nano-sized, high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) examination was used to provide more information at the atomic level. This paper describes some of the first HRTEM results obtained by examining a particle from Compact 4-1-1, which was irradiated to an average burnup of 19.26% fissions per initial metal atom (FIMA), a time average, volume-averaged temperature of 1072°C; a time average, peak temperature of 1182°C and an average fast fluence of 4.13 x 1021 n/cm2. Based on gamma analysis, it is estimated that this particle may have released as much as 10% of its available Ag-110m inventory during irradiation. The HRTEM investigation focused on Ag, Pd, Cd and U due to the interest in Ag transport mechanisms and possible correlation with Pd, Ag and U previously found. Additionally, Compact 4-1-1 contains fuel particles fabricated with a different fuel carrier gas composition and lower deposition temperatures for the SiC layer relative to the Baseline fabrication conditions, which are expected to reduce the concentration of SiC defects resulting from uranium dispersion. Pd, Ag, and Cd were found to co-exist in some of the SiC grain boundaries and triple junctions whilst U was found to be present in the micron-sized precipitates as well as separately in selected areas at grain boundaries. This study confirmed the presence of Pd both at inter- and intragranular positions; in the latter case specifically at stacking faults. Small Pd nodules were observed at a distance of about 6.5 micron from the inner PyC/SiC interface.

I. J. van Rooyen; E. Olivier; J. H Neethlin

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

arXiv:1102.3798v1[cond-mat.mes-hall]18Feb2011 Graphene on the carbon face of SiC: electronic structure modification by hydrogen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

arXiv:1102.3798v1[cond-mat.mes-hall]18Feb2011 Graphene on the carbon face of SiC: electronic that the first C layer on the SiC(0001)(2×2)C surface already exhibits graphene- like electronic structure transfer mechanism. Here, we study the effects of interface mod- ifications on the graphene layer using

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

215

Smoothing single-crystalline SiC surfaces by reactive ion etching using pure NF{sub 3} and NF{sub 3}/Ar mixture gas plasmas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In pure NF{sub 3} plasma, the etching rates of four kinds of single-crystalline SiC wafer etched at NF{sub 3} pressure of 2?Pa were the highest and it decreased with an increase in NF{sub 3} pressure. On the other hand, they increased with an increase in radio frequency (RF) power and were the highest at RF power of 200?W. A smooth surface was obtained on the single-crystalline 4H-SiC after reactive ion etching at NF{sub 3}/Ar gas pressure of 2?Pa and addition of Ar to NF{sub 3} plasma increased the smoothness of SiC surface. Scanning electron microscopy observation revealed that the number of pillars decreased with an increase in the Ar-concentration in the NF{sub 3}/Ar mixture gas. The roughness factor (R{sub a}) values were decreased from 51.5?nm to 25.5?nm for the As-cut SiC, from 0.25?nm to 0.20?nm for the Epi-SiC, from 5.0?nm to 0.7?nm for the Si-face mirror-polished SiC, and from 0.20?nm to 0.16?nm for the C-face mirror-polished SiC by adding 60% Ar to the NF{sub 3} gas. Both the R{sub a} values of the Epi- and the C-face mirror-polished wafer surfaces etched using the NF{sub 3}/Ar (40:60) plasma were similar to that treated with mirror polishing, so-called the Catalyst-Referred Etching (CARE) method, with which the lowest roughness of surface was obtained among the chemical mirror polishing methods. Etching duration for smoothing the single-crystalline SiC surface using its treatment was one third of that with the CARE method.

Tasaka, Akimasa, E-mail: aki-tasaka-load@yahoo.co.jp [Department of Molecular Chemistry and Biochemistry, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Doshisha University, 1-3 Miyako-dani, Tatara, Kyotanabe, Kyoto 610-0321, Japan and Department of Applied Chemistry, Graduate School of Engineering, Doshisha University, 1-3 Miyako-dani, Tatara, Kyotanabe, Kyoto 610-0321 (Japan); Kotaka, Yuki [Department of Applied Chemistry, Graduate School of Engineering, Doshisha University, 1-3 Miyako-dani, Tatara, Kyotanabe, Kyoto 610-0321 (Japan); Oda, Atsushi; Saito, Morihiro [Department of Molecular Chemistry and Biochemistry, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Doshisha University, 1-3 Miyako-dani, Tatara, Kyotanabe, Kyoto 610-0321 (Japan); Tojo, Tetsuro [Toyo Tanso Co, Ltd., 5-7-2 Takeshima, Nishi yodogawa-ku, Osaka 555-0011 (Japan); Inaba, Minoru [Department of Molecular Chemistry and Biochemistry, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Doshisha University, 1-3 Miyako-dani, Tatara, Kyotanabe, Kyoto 610-0321, Japan and Department of Applied Chemistry, Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Doshisha University, 1-3 Miyako-dani, Tatara, Kyotanabe, Kyoto 610-0321 (Japan)

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

INDUST: An Industrial Data Base  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.5% of the natural gas consump tion, 98.1% of the fuel oil consumption, 99.2% of the coal/coke consumption, and 99.7% of a class of fuels called "other" fuels. Within these 13 indus try groups, INDUST addresses a wide variety of energy-intense industries... the manufac turing sector, Table 1 shows the latest EIA pro visional estimate of energy consumption (in trillion Btu) for 1985. The EIA reports fuel consumption according to five categories: electricity, fuel oil, natural gas, coal and coke, and other...

Wilfert, G. L.; Moore, N. L.

217

Proceedings of the Fifty-Eighth European Study Group  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

storage for surplus heat (in summer) and surplus cold (in winter). The question is how to minimizeProceedings of the Fifty-Eighth European Study Group Mathematics with Industry Utrecht de Leur Paul A. Zegeling #12;2 Proceedings of the 58th European Study Group Mathematics with Industry

Bisseling, Rob

218

A 10-kW SiC Inverter with A Novel Printed Metal Power Module With Integrated Cooling Using Additive Manufacturing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

With efforts to reduce the cost, size, and thermal management systems for the power electronics drivetrain in hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), wide band gap semiconductors including silicon carbide (SiC) have been identified as possibly being a partial solution. This paper focuses on the development of a 10-kW all SiC inverter using a high power density, integrated printed metal power module with integrated cooling using additive manufacturing techniques. This is the first ever heat sink printed for a power electronics application. About 50% of the inverter was built using additive manufacturing techniques.

Chinthavali, Madhu Sudhan [ORNL; Ayers, Curtis William [ORNL; Campbell, Steven L [ORNL; Wiles, Randy H [ORNL; Ozpineci, Burak [ORNL

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

TUNGSTEN ISOTOPIC COMPOSITIONS IN STARDUST SiC GRAINS FROM THE MURCHISON METEORITE: CONSTRAINTS ON THE s-PROCESS IN THE Hf-Ta-W-Re-Os REGION  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report the first tungsten isotopic measurements in stardust silicon carbide (SiC) grains recovered from the Murchison carbonaceous chondrite. The isotopes {sup 182,183,184,186}W and {sup 179,180}Hf were measured on both an aggregate (KJB fraction) and single stardust SiC grains (LS+LU fraction) believed to have condensed in the outflows of low-mass carbon-rich asymptotic giant branch (AGB) stars with close-to-solar metallicity. The SiC aggregate shows small deviations from terrestrial (= solar) composition in the {sup 182}W/{sup 184}W and {sup 183}W/{sup 184}W ratios, with deficits in {sup 182}W and {sup 183}W with respect to {sup 184}W. The {sup 186}W/{sup 184}W ratio, however, shows no apparent deviation from the solar value. Tungsten isotopic measurements in single mainstream stardust SiC grains revealed lower than solar {sup 182}W/{sup 184}W, {sup 183}W/{sup 184}W, and {sup 186}W/{sup 184}W ratios. We have compared the SiC data with theoretical predictions of the evolution of W isotopic ratios in the envelopes of AGB stars. These ratios are affected by the slow neutron-capture process and match the SiC data regarding their {sup 182}W/{sup 184}W, {sup 183}W/{sup 184}W, and {sup 179}Hf/{sup 180}Hf isotopic compositions, although a small adjustment in the s-process production of {sup 183}W is needed in order to have a better agreement between the SiC data and model predictions. The models cannot explain the {sup 186}W/{sup 184}W ratios observed in the SiC grains, even when the current {sup 185}W neutron-capture cross section is increased by a factor of two. Further study is required to better assess how model uncertainties (e.g., the formation of the {sup 13}C neutron source, the mass-loss law, the modeling of the third dredge-up, and the efficiency of the {sup 22}Ne neutron source) may affect current s-process predictions.

Avila, Janaina N.; Ireland, Trevor R.; Holden, Peter [Research School of Earth Sciences, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200 (Australia); Lugaro, Maria; Buntain, Joelene [Centre for Stellar and Planetary Astrophysics, Monash University, Clayton, VIC 3800 (Australia); Gyngard, Frank; Zinner, Ernst; Amari, Sachiko [Laboratory for Space Sciences and the Department of Physics, Washington University, One Brookings Drive, St. Louis, MO 63130 (United States); Cristallo, Sergio [Departamento de Fisica Teorica y del Cosmos, Universidad de Granada, Granada 18071 (Spain); Karakas, Amanda, E-mail: janaina.avila@anu.edu.au [Mount Stromlo Observatory, Australian National University, Weston Creek, ACT 2611 (Australia)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Industrial and agricultural process heat information user study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The results of a series of telephone interviews with groups of users of information on solar industrial and agricultural process heat (IAPH) are described. These results, part of a larger study on many different solar technologies, identify types of information each group needed and the best ways to get information to each group. In the current study only high-priority groups were examined. Results from 10 IAPH groups of respondents are analyzed in this report: IPH Researchers; APH Researchers; Representatives of Manufacturers of Concentrating and Nonconcentrating Collectors; Plant, Industrial, and Agricultural Engineers; Educators; Representatives of State Agricultural Offices; and County Extension Agents.

Belew, W.W.; Wood, B.L.; Marle, T.L.; Reinhardt, C.L.

1981-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "industry group sic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Industrial Security Specialst  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

A successful candidate in this position will serve in a developmental capacity assisting senior specialists in carrying out a variety of industrial security and oversight functions.

222

Industrial Demand Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Boiler, Steam, and Cogeneration (BSC) Component. The BSC Component satisfies the steam demand from the PA and BLD Components. In some industries, the PA Component produces...

223

Discontinuous phase formation and selective attack of SiC materials exposed to low oxygen partial pressure environments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Three SiC materials were exposed to gas mixtures containing N{sub 2}, H{sub 2}, and CO at 1000-1300C, 1-740 torr for a few to 1000 h. Kinetic and thermodynamic studies indicate that CO is the predominant oxidizing species. A variety of corrosion processes were observed, including surface and internal pit formation, needle growth, grain boundary attack, and attack of impurities and surrounding material. In the case of a siliconized SiC, impurities such as Ca, Al, and Fe diffused rapidly through the Si matrix forming complex calcium aluminosilicates on the surface, leaving behind internal voids. Evaluation of the mechanical properties, including fractography, revealed a variety of degradative phenomena. Efforts to identify causes of pit formation suggested that the overall process was complex. Pits formed during attack of grain boundaries and regions containing transition metal impurities. Studies of single crystals showed preferential attack near impurities and crystalline defects, indicating that damaged crystals or certain crystal orientations in the polycrystalline materials are susceptible to attack. In addition, under some conditions where pit formation was observed, the strength of certain materials increased apparently due to flaw healing. It is suggested that flaws can heal in the absence of mechanical stress due to their high surface energy. However, second phases observed within partially healed surface cracks suggest impurities also contribute to the flaw healing processes.

Butt, D.P. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Tressler, R.E.; Spear, K.E. [Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Second AEO2014 Macro-Industrial Working Group Meeting Summary  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Peri Ulrey (Natural Gas Supply Association) Frances Wood (OnLocation) Presenters: Kay Smith, Elizabeth Sendich (Macro) Kelly Perl, Peter Gross, Susan Hicks, Paul Otis, Mark...

225

Second AEO2014 Macro-Industrial Working Group Meeting Summary  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines AboutDecemberSteamYear Jan FebThousand Cubic Feet)Year7, 2013 MEMORANDUM FOR: JOHN

226

Second AEO2015 Macro-Industrial Workiing Group Meeting Summary  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines AboutDecemberSteamYear Jan FebThousand Cubic Feet)Year7, 2013 MEMORANDUM FOR:

227

First AEO2014 Macro-Industrial Working Group Meeting Summary  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia,(Million Barrels) Crude Oil Reserves in Nonproducing Reservoirs U.S.WyomingExpansion 5 Figure 2.Stocks 2009 20100,3

228

First AEO2015 Macro-Industrial Working Group Meeting Summary  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia,(Million Barrels) Crude Oil Reserves in Nonproducing Reservoirs U.S.WyomingExpansion 5 Figure 2.Stocks 2009July

229

Universal Scientific Industrial USI Group | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revisionEnvReviewNonInvasiveExplorationUT-gTagusparkCalculator JumpUnited States: EnergyInstitutional Investors

230

Federal Utility Partnership Working Group Industry Commitment | Department  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeat PumpRecordFederal Registry Comments May 4-9, 2007. FederalGET1 Report Page 1PAGEof

231

Nanjing Dalu Industry Investment Group | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 -Energieprojekte3Informationof Energy Calculator29 JumpNama

232

Solar Energy LLC Industrial Investors Group | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:Seadov Pty Ltd Jump to:Information Silver Peak Area

233

" Generation by Program Sponsorship, Industry Group, Selected"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ <Information Administration (EIA) 10 MECSPropane PAD2006..........A49. Total Inputs of Energy for

234

" Generation, by Program Sponsorship, Industry Group, Selected"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ <Information Administration (EIA) 10 MECSPropane PAD2006..........A49. Total Inputs of Energy

235

Reliance Industries Limited Solar Group | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revisionEnvReviewNonInvasiveExplorationUT-g Grant of Access(California and Hawaii). Task 3:Western Us |

236

Council of Scientific & Industrial Research Human Resource Development Group  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a consolidated fellowship of Indian Rs. 35,000/- per month plus House Rent Allowance (HRA) as admissible

Jayaram, Bhyravabotla

237

Geothermal industry assessment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An assessment of the geothermal industry is presented, focusing on industry structure, corporate activities and strategies, and detailed analysis of the technological, economic, financial, and institutional issues important to government policy formulation. The study is based principally on confidential interviews with executives of 75 companies active in the field. (MHR)

Not Available

1980-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Growing Hawaii's agriculture industry,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Program Overview Growing Hawaii's agriculture industry, one business at a time Website: http-3547 agincubator@ctahr.hawaii.edu Grow Your Business If you are looking to start an agriculture-related business with our program · Positively impact the agriculture industry in Hawaii with their success

239

and Industrial Engineering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

45 Mechanical and Industrial Engineering 220 Engineering Lab Degrees: Bachelor of Science in Mechanical Engineering Bachelor of Science in Industrial Engineering Contact: James R. Rinderle, Undergraduate Program Director Office: 207C Engineering Lab Building Phone: (413) 545-2505 Head of Department

Mountziaris, T. J.

240

Industrial Optimization Compact Course  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Industrial Optimization Compact Course and Challenge Workshop Optimization plays a crucial role of the processes are typically nonlinear and dyna- mic. Thus, complex dynamic optimization or optimal control in industrial optimization. February 17­20, 2014 ·9.00­17.00 IWR ·Im Neuenheimer Feld 368 ·69120 Heidelberg www

Kirches, Christian

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "industry group sic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Uranium industry annual 1996  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Uranium Industry Annual 1996 (UIA 1996) provides current statistical data on the US uranium industry`s activities relating to uranium raw materials and uranium marketing. The UIA 1996 is prepared for use by the Congress, Federal and State agencies, the uranium and nuclear electric utility industries, and the public. Data on uranium raw materials activities for 1987 through 1996 including exploration activities and expenditures, EIA-estimated reserves, mine production of uranium, production of uranium concentrate, and industry employment are presented in Chapter 1. Data on uranium marketing activities for 1994 through 2006, including purchases of uranium and enrichment services, enrichment feed deliveries, uranium fuel assemblies, filled and unfilled market requirements, uranium imports and exports, and uranium inventories are shown in Chapter 2. A feature article, The Role of Thorium in Nuclear Energy, is included. 24 figs., 56 tabs.

NONE

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Posted 3/2/13 Medline Industries Industrial Engineer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Posted 3/2/13 Medline Industries ­ Industrial Engineer Medline Industries, Inc. has an immediate opening for an Industrial Engineer for our SPT Division located in Waukegan, IL. We are seeking a hard-working, detail-oriented professional with experience in industrial engineering and lean manufacturing within

Heller, Barbara

243

INDUSTRIAL&SYSTEMS Industrial and Systems engineers use  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

78 INDUSTRIAL&SYSTEMS Industrial and Systems engineers use engineering and business principles companies compete in today's global marketplace. The Industrial and Systems engineer's task is to take · Industrial and Systems Engineering Bachelor of Science 128 units · Industrial and Systems Engineering

Rohs, Remo

244

INDUSTRIAL & SYSTEMS Industrial and Systems engineers use engineering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

78 INDUSTRIAL & SYSTEMS Industrial and Systems engineers use engineering and business principles companies compete in todays global marketplace. The Industrial and Systems engineers task is to take limited Industrial and Systems Engineering Bachelor of Science 128 units Industrial and Systems Engineering

Rohs, Remo

245

INDUSTRIAL&SYSTEMS Industrial and Systems engineers use engineering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

78 INDUSTRIAL&SYSTEMS Industrial and Systems engineers use engineering and business principles companies compete in today's global marketplace. The Industrial and Systems engineer's task is to take · Industrial and Systems Engineering Bachelor of Science 128 units · Industrial and Systems Engineering

Rohs, Remo

246

Substrate doping effects on Raman spectrum of epitaxial graphene on SiC R. Yang, Q. S. Huang, X. L. Chen, G. Y. Zhang,a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, the adsorption is unstable and the doping also includes the contribution from the SiC substrate. Thus, it is very reactor. The growth environment was pumped to a base pres- sure of 2 10-5 Pa under an Ar flow protection. After a preliminary heating at 1050 °C for 30 min to remove the native oxide, the substrate

Wang, Wei Hua

247

978-1-4244-2800-7/09/$25.00 2009 IEEE ICIEA 2009 Efficiency of SiC JFET-Based Inverters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

978-1-4244-2800-7/09/$25.00 ©2009 IEEE ICIEA 2009 Efficiency of SiC JFET-Based Inverters Hui Zhang-phase full-bridge inverter power loss models based on experimental data are established and used to estimate inverter efficiency. The impact of load power, temperature, and switching frequency on inverter efficiency

Tolbert, Leon M.

248

SiC Vertical JFET Pure Diode-Less Inverter Leg Rmy Ouaida1,2, Xavier Fonteneau1, Fabien Dubois1, Dominique Bergogne1, Florent Morel1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SiC Vertical JFET Pure Diode-Less Inverter Leg RĂ©my Ouaida1,2, Xavier Fonteneau1, Fabien Dubois1 in an inverter leg without any internal or external diode. The JFET is characterized to show the reverse conduction capability while the gate-to-source voltage is lower than the threshold voltage. An inverter leg

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

249

High efficiency battery converter with SiC devices for residential PV Cam Pham, Remus Teodorescu, Tamas Kerekes and Laszlo Mathe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

High efficiency battery converter with SiC devices for residential PV systems Cam Pham, Remus, where the generated energy price is relatively high. Smart PV systems with internal battery storage launched a financial support program for residential PV systems with battery storage [2]. Furthermore

Teodorescu, Remus

250

2D-simulation and analysis of lateral SiC N-emitter SiGe P-base Schottky metal-collector (NPM) HBT on SOI  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2D-simulation and analysis of lateral SiC N-emitter SiGe P-base Schottky metal-collector (NPM) HBT metal-collector NPM HBT on SOI. The proposed lateral NPM HBT performance has been evaluated in detail silicon NPM BJT structures. Based on our simu- lation results, it is observed that while both the lateral

Kumar, M. Jagadesh

251

hal-00131838,version1-19Feb2007 Electron states of mono-and bilayer graphene on SiC probed by STM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

hal-00131838,version1-19Feb2007 Electron states of mono- and bilayer graphene on SiC probed by STM to mono- and bilayer graphene capping a C-rich interface. At low temperature, both terraces show ( 3 × 3 close to the Fermi level. We conclude that the metallic states of the first graphene layer are almost

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

252

hal-00130698,version1-13Feb2007 Electronic structure of epitaxial graphene layers on SiC: effect of the substrate.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

hal-00130698,version1-13Feb2007 Electronic structure of epitaxial graphene layers on SiC: effect integer quantum Hall effects expected for isolated graphene sheets. This is the case eventhough the layer-substrate epitaxy of these films implies a strong interface bond that should induce perturbations in the graphene

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

253

Ripples in epitaxial graphene on the Si-terminated SiC (0001) surface F.Varchon, P.Mallet, J.-Y.Veuillen, and L.Magaud  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ripples in epitaxial graphene on the Si-terminated SiC (0001) surface F.Varchon, P.Mallet, J) Interaction with a substrate can modify the graphene honeycomb lattice and thus alter its out- standing properties. This could be particularly true for epitaxial graphene where the carbon layers are grown from

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

254

DIFFERENCES BETWEEN SOLID-STATE REACTION OF PT THIN FILM DEPOSITED ON C-AND ON SI-FACE OF 6H-SIC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

weight, and superior chemical stability. The interface between metal and silicon carbide is of great influences the load transfer between the metal matrix and the silicon carbide reinforcement and affects [1]. SiC is also used in fiber-reinforced metal-matrix composites because of its high strength, light

Shalish, Ilan

255

On Techniques to Characterize and Correlate Grain Size, Grain Boundary Orientation and the Strength of the SiC Layer of TRISO Coated Particles: A Preliminary Study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The mechanical properties of the silicon carbide (SiC) layer of the TRi-ISOtropic (TRISO) coated particle (CP) for high temperature gas reactors (HTGR) are performance parameters that have not yet been standardized by the international HTR community. Presented in this paper are the results of characterizing coated particles to reveal the effect of annealing temperature (1000 to 2100°C) on the strength and grain size of unirradiated coated particles. This work was further expanded to include possible relationships between the grain size and strength values. The comparative results of two strength measurement techniques and grain size measured by the Lineal intercept method are included. Preliminary grain boundary characterization results determined by electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) are included. These results are also important for future fission product transport studies, as grain boundary diffusion is identified as a possible mechanism by which 110mAg, one of the fission activation products, might be released through intact SiC layers. Temperature is a parameter known to influence the grain size of SiC and therefore it is important to investigate the effect of high temperature annealing on the SiC grain size. Recommendations and future work will also be briefly discussed.

I.J.van Rooyen; J.L. Dunzik Gougar; T. Trowbridge; Philip M van Rooyen

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Formation of Epitaxial Graphene on SiC(0001) using Vacuum or Argon Environments Luxmi, N. Srivastava, and R. M. Feenstra  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Formation of Epitaxial Graphene on SiC(0001) using Vacuum or Argon Environments Luxmi, N. Fisher IBM T. J. Watson Research Center, Yorktown Heights, NY 10598 Abstract The formation of graphene microscopy, and scanning tunneling microscopy/spectroscopy. The graphene forms due to preferential

Feenstra, Randall

257

Comparison of Graphene Formation on C-face and Si-face SiC {0001} Surfaces Luxmi, N. Srivastava, Guowei He, and R. M. Feenstra  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Comparison of Graphene Formation on C-face and Si-face SiC {0001} Surfaces Luxmi, N. Srivastava of graphene formed on the ( 1000 ) surface (the C-face) and the (0001) surface (the Si-face) of Si) and low-energy electron microscopy (LEEM). The graphene forms due to preferential sublimation of Si from

Feenstra, Randall

258

High-Temperature Die-Attaches for SiC Power Devices Amandine MASSON1, Cyril BUTTAY1, Herve MOREL1, Christophe RAYNAUD1,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the solder joint degrade. The ratio between the melting temperature (Tm) and the operating temperature (To electronic systems which will be installed in hot areas. SiC power devices can operate at high temperature operating temperature range. Furthermore, the reliability of the attach is directly linked to its operating

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

259

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ELECTRON DEVICES, VOL. 53, NO. 9, SEPTEMBER 2006 2407 SiGe HBT Without Selectively Implanted Collector (SIC)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Selectively Implanted Collector (SIC) Exhibiting fmax = 310 GHz and BVCEO = 2 V Jae-Sung Rieh, Marwan Khater peak fmax of 310 GHz at the collector-current density of 7 mA/µm2 and BVCEO of 2 V, are reported behind the speed enhancement has been the continuous vertical scaling of the device structure. Collector

Rieh, Jae-Sung

260

Interfacial studies of refractory glass-ceramic matrix/advanced SiC fiber-reinforced composites. Annual report, 1 Feb 91-1 Feb 92  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The main objective of this program is to characterize the chemistry and structure of new advanced small diameter silicon based fibers and how these factors influence the nature of the fiber/matrix interface in refractory glass-ceramic matrix composites. It is the nature of this interface that then determines to a great degree the composite thermal, environmental, and mechanical properties. The fibers under investigation during the second year of this program included the new experimental polymer derived crystalline SiC fibers from Dow Corning Corp., the Si-N-C-O 'Black' fibers from Textron Specialty Materials, as well as the new low oxygen radiation cured Nicalon SiC type fibers from Nippon Carbon Co. Since the availability of all of these fibers was extremely limited, emphasis was placed on the mechanical, chemical, and microstructural characterization of the fibers through tensile testing, SEM of fiber fracture characteristics, scanning Auger depth profiling of fiber surfaces, and TEM of fiber thin sections, as well as their fracture behavior, bonding characteristics, and interfacial compatibility with various glass-ceramic matrix materials. Results of these analyses are discussed. Crystalline SiC fibers, Textron 'Black' fibers, low oxygen Nicalon fibers, SiC fiber/glass-ceramic matrix interfaces, TEM fiber analyses.

Brennan, J.J.

1992-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "industry group sic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

EUROPIUM s-PROCESS SIGNATURE AT CLOSE-TO-SOLAR METALLICITY IN STARDUST SiC GRAINS FROM ASYMPTOTIC GIANT BRANCH STARS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Individual mainstream stardust silicon carbide (SiC) grains and a SiC-enriched bulk sample from the Murchison carbonaceous meteorite have been analyzed by the Sensitive High Resolution Ion Microprobe-Reverse Geometry for Eu isotopes. The mainstream grains are believed to have condensed in the outflows of {approx}1.5-3 M{sub Sun} carbon-rich asymptotic giant branch (AGB) stars with close-to-solar metallicity. The {sup 151}Eu fractions [fr({sup 151}Eu) = {sup 151}Eu/({sup 151}Eu+{sup 153}Eu)] derived from our measurements are compared with previous astronomical observations of carbon-enhanced metal-poor stars enriched in elements made by slow neutron captures (the s-process). Despite the difference in metallicity between the parent stars of the grains and the metal-poor stars, the fr({sup 151}Eu) values derived from our measurements agree well with fr({sup 151}Eu) values derived from astronomical observations. We have also compared the SiC data with theoretical predictions of the evolution of Eu isotopic ratios in the envelope of AGB stars. Because of the low Eu abundances in the SiC grains, the fr({sup 151}Eu) values derived from our measurements show large uncertainties, in most cases being larger than the difference between solar and predicted fr({sup 151}Eu) values. The SiC aggregate yields a fr({sup 151}Eu) value within the range observed in the single grains and provides a more precise result (fr({sup 151}Eu) = 0.54 {+-} 0.03, 95% conf.), but is approximately 12% higher than current s-process predictions. The AGB models can match the SiC data if we use an improved formalism to evaluate the contribution of excited nuclear states in the calculation of the {sup 151}Sm(n, {gamma}) stellar reaction rate.

Avila, Janaina N.; Ireland, Trevor R.; Holden, Peter [Research School of Earth Sciences, Australian National University, Canberra ACT 0200 (Australia); Lugaro, Maria [Monash Centre for Astrophysics, Monash University, Clayton, VIC 3800 (Australia); Gyngard, Frank; Zinner, Ernst [Laboratory for Space Sciences and the Department of Physics, Washington University, One Brookings Drive, St. Louis, MO 63130 (United States); Cristallo, Sergio [Osservatorio Astronomico di Collurania, INAF, via Maggini snc, Teramo I-64100 (Italy); Rauscher, Thomas, E-mail: janaina.avila@anu.edu.au [Centre for Astrophysics Research, School of Physics, Astronomy, and Mathematics, University of Hertfordshire, Hatfield AL10 9AB (United Kingdom)

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Assessment of Energy Efficiency Improvement in the United States Petroleum Refining Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Green’ with FCC Expander Technology,” Chemical EngineeringCONCAWE 2008, “Refinery Technology Support Group, Impact ofEnergy, Industrial Technologies Program, Nov. 2007.

Morrow III, William R.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Structural alterations in SiC as a result of Cr/sup +/ and N/sup +/ implantation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ion scattering and channeling techniques were used to study production of disorder and randomization of SiC by implantation of Cr/sup +/ and N/sup +/ at doses of up to 3 x 10/sup 16/ /cm/sup 2/ for Cr/sup +/ and 8 x 10/sup 16/ /cm/sup 2/ for N/sup +/. Experiments were designed so that the calculated damage energy profiles would be well matched for the two ion species. The results were compared for the degree of effectiveness of Cr/sup +/ and N/sup +/ in producing disorder. At higher doses, Cr/sup +/ was much more effective than N/sup +/ for a given damage energy using the same calculational method for Cr/sup +/ as for N/sup +/. In correlated studies of swelling, both species had about the same effectiveness in producing swelling.

Williams, J.M.; McHargue, C.J.; Appleton, B.R.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Load Management for Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the electric utility industry, load management provides the opportunity to control customer loads to beneficially alter a utility's load curve Load management alternatives are covered. Load management methods can be broadly classified into four...

Konsevick, W. J., Jr.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Utility and Industrial Partnerships  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the past decade, many external forces have shocked both utilities and their large industrial customers into seeking more effective ways of coping and surviving. One such way is to develop mutually beneficial partnerships optimizing the use...

Sashihara, T. F.

266

Uranium Industry Annual, 1992  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Uranium Industry Annual provides current statistical data on the US uranium industry for the Congress, Federal and State agencies, the uranium and electric utility industries, and the public. The feature article, ``Decommissioning of US Conventional Uranium Production Centers,`` is included. Data on uranium raw materials activities including exploration activities and expenditures, resources and reserves, mine production of uranium, production of uranium concentrate, and industry employment are presented in Chapter 1. Data on uranium marketing activities including domestic uranium purchases, commitments by utilities, procurement arrangements, uranium imports under purchase contracts and exports, deliveries to enrichment suppliers, inventories, secondary market activities, utility market requirements, and uranium for sale by domestic suppliers are presented in Chapter 2.

Not Available

1993-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

267

Industrial Assessment Center  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The University of Dayton (UD) performed energy assessments, trained students and supported USDOE objectives. In particular, the UD Industrial Assessment Center (IAC) performed 96 industrial energy assessment days for mid-sized manufacturers. The average identified and implemented savings on each assessment were $261,080 per year and $54,790 per year. The assessments served as direct training in industrial energy efficiency for 16 UD IAC students. The assessments also served as a mechanism for the UD IAC to understand manufacturing energy use and improve upon the science of manufacturing energy efficiency. Specific research results were published in 16 conference proceedings and journals, disseminated in 22 additional invited lectures, and shared with the industrial energy community through the UD IAC website.

J. Kelly Kissock; Becky Blust

2007-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

268

" by Census Region, Census Division, Industry Group, Selected Industries, and"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ <Information Administration (EIA) 10 MECSPropane PAD2006.......... 54.96242.673.06-PresentD.Total

269

" by Census Region, Census Division, Industry Group, Selected Industries, and"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ <Information Administration (EIA) 10 MECSPropane PAD2006.......... 54.96242.673.06-PresentD.TotalTotal

270

" by Census Region, Census Division, Industry Group, Selected Industries, and"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ <Information Administration (EIA) 10 MECSPropane PAD2006..........

271

" Census Region, Census Division, Industry Group, and Selected Industries, 1994"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ <Information Administration (EIA) 10 MECSPropane PAD2006..........A49. Total Inputs of

272

" Generation by Census Region, Industry Group, Selected Industries, Presence of"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ <Information Administration (EIA) 10 MECSPropane PAD2006..........A49. Total2 End2.1.24

273

" Energy Sources by Industry Group, Selected Industries, and Selected"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ <Information Administration (EIA) 10 MECSPropane PAD2006..........A49. Total2 End2.1.24Total5.

274

" Sources by Industry Group, Selected Industries, and Selected Characteristics,"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ <Information Administration (EIA) 10 MECSPropane PAD2006..........A49. Total2 End2.1.24Total5.3.

275

" Sources by Industry Group, Selected Industries, and Selected Characteristics,"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ <Information Administration (EIA) 10 MECSPropane PAD2006..........A49. Total2 End2.1.24Total5.3.4.

276

" Sources by Industry Group, Selected Industries, and Selected Characteristics,"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ <Information Administration (EIA) 10 MECSPropane PAD2006..........A49. Total2 End2.1.24Total5.3.4.6.

277

Industrial Development Fund (North Carolina)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Industrial Development Fund provides financing grants and loans through designated municipalities and counties to assist in infrastructure improvements for targeted industrial projects. The...

278

NEMS industrial module documentation report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The NEMS Industrial Demand Model is a dynamic accounting model, bringing together the disparate industries and uses of energy in those industries, and putting them together in an understandable and cohesive framework. The Industrial Model generates mid-term (up to the year 2010) forecasts of industrial sector energy demand as a component of the NEMS integrated forecasting system. From the NEMS system, the Industrial Model receives fuel prices, employment data, and the value of output of industrial activity. Based on the values of these variables, the Industrial Model passes back to the NEMS system estimates of consumption by fuel types.

Not Available

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Clean Energy Manufacturing Initiative Industrial Efficiency and...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Industrial Efficiency and Energy Productivity Video Clean Energy Manufacturing Initiative Industrial Efficiency and Energy Productivity Video Addthis Description Industrial...

280

Mechanical and Industrial Engineering Industry Advisory Board University of Massachusetts Amherst  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

9/13/2007 Mechanical and Industrial Engineering Industry Advisory Board University of Massachusetts Amherst Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering About the Mechanical and Industrial Engineering Industry Advisory Board The purpose of the Mechanical and Industrial Engineering Industry Advisory

Mountziaris, T. J.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "industry group sic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

industrial & systems Industrial and Systems engineers use engineering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

78 industrial & systems Industrial and Systems engineers use engineering and business principles companies compete in today's global marketplace. The Industrial and Systems engineer's task is to take s e n G i n e e r i n G ( i s e ) ISE 105 Introduction to Industrial and Systems Engineering (2, Fa

Rohs, Remo

282

industrial & systems Industrial and Systems engineers use engineering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

78 industrial & systems Industrial and Systems engineers use engineering and business principles companies compete in today's global marketplace. The Industrial and Systems engineer's task is to take to introduce the philosophy, subject matter, aims, goals, and techniques of industrial and systems engineering

Rohs, Remo

283

1 Industrial Electron Accelerators type ILU for Industrial Technologies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Industrial Electron Accelerators type ILU for Industrial Technologies The present work describes industrial electron accelerators of the ILU family. Their main parameters, design, principle of action the pulse linear accelerators type ILU are developed and supplied to the industry. The ILU machines

284

MECH 386 INDUSTRIAL FLUID MECHANICS INDUSTRIAL FLUID MECHANICS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MECH 386 ­ INDUSTRIAL FLUID MECHANICS 1 INDUSTRIAL FLUID MECHANICS MECH 386 Contact information Dr This course is an introduction to industrial fluid mechanics. According to J. C. R. Hunt (a famous fluid mechanics specialist): "industrial fluid mechanics broadly covers those aspects of the design, manufacture

285

Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Advanced Low-Cost SiC and GaN Wide Bandgap Inverters for Under-the-Hood Electric Vehicle Traction Drives  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presentation given by APEI Inc. at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about Advanced low-cost SIC and GaN wide...

286

Industrial Decision Making  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-05-30 Proceedings from the Thirtieth Industrial Energy Technology Conference, New Orleans, LA, May 6-9, 2008. Figure 1. Average Monthly Industrial Energy Prices (2) - 5 10 15 20 25 J an- 0 0 Ju l -0 0 Ja n- 0 1 Ju l -0 1 Ja n - 02 Ju l -0 2 Ja n - 0 3 Ju l - 0 3... Ja n - 0 4 J u l-04 Ja n - 0 5 Jul - 0 5 J an- 0 6 Jul - 0 6 Ja n- 07 Jul - 0 7 Ener gy Pr ic e ($ /MB t u) Electricity Fuel Oil Natural Gas Coal External market forces also drive industrial investment cycles. In the organic chemical...

Elliott, R. N.; McKinney, V.; Shipley, A.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

arXiv:0902.1638v1[cond-mat.mtrl-sci]10Feb2009 Graphene on the C-terminated SiC (000 1) surface: An ab initio F.Varchon,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

arXiv:0902.1638v1[cond-mat.mtrl-sci]10Feb2009 Graphene on the C-terminated SiC (000 Ż1) surface and electronic structures of a graphene layer on top of the (2 × 2) reconstruction of the SiC (000Ż1) surface characteristic of graphene. A small graphene-substrate interaction remains in agreement with scanning tunneling

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

288

Emulsified industrial oils recycling  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The industrial lubricant market has been analyzed with emphasis on current and/or developing recycling and re-refining technologies. This task has been performed for the United States and other industrialized countries, specifically France, West Germany, Italy and Japan. Attention has been focused at emulsion-type fluids regardless of the industrial application involved. It was found that emulsion-type fluids in the United States represent a much higher percentage of the total fluids used than in other industrialized countries. While recycling is an active matter explored by the industry, re-refining is rather a result of other issues than the mere fact that oil can be regenerated from a used industrial emulsion. To extend the longevity of an emulsion is a logical step to keep expenses down by using the emulsion as long as possible. There is, however, another important factor influencing this issue: regulations governing the disposal of such fluids. The ecological question, the respect for nature and the natural balances, is often seen now as everybody's task. Regulations forbid dumping used emulsions in the environment without prior treatment of the water phase and separation of the oil phase. This is a costly procedure, so recycling is attractive since it postpones the problem. It is questionable whether re-refining of these emulsions - as a business - could stand on its own if these emulsions did not have to be taken apart for disposal purposes. Once the emulsion is separated into a water and an oil phase, however, re-refining of the oil does become economical.

Gabris, T.

1982-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Scope for industrial applications of production scheduling models and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Computers and Chemical Engineering 62 (2014) 161­ 193 © ABB Group March 18, 2014 | Slide 2 #12 learned and success stories on real industrial scheduling implementations General guidelines and examples and scheduling © ABB Group March 18, 2014 | Slide 5 #12;Where is scheduling "located" Traditional system

Grossmann, Ignacio E.

290

Libyan oil industry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Three aspects of the growth and progress of Libya's oil industry since the first crude oil discovery in 1961 are: (1) relations between the Libyan government and the concessionary oil companies; (2) the impact of Libyan oil and events in Libya on the petroleum markets of Europe and the world; and (3) the response of the Libyan economy to the development of its oil industry. The historical review begins with Libya's becoming a sovereign nation in 1951 and traces its subsequent development into a position as a leading world oil producer. 54 references, 10 figures, 55 tables.

Waddams, F.C.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Industrial Assessment Center  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Since its inception, the University of Florida Industrial Assessment Center has successfully completed close to 400 energy assessments of small to medium manufacturing facilities in Florida, southern Georgia and southern Alabama. Through these efforts, recommendations were made that would result in savings of about $5 million per year, with an implementation rate of 20-25%. Approximately 80 engineering students have worked for the UF-IAC, at least 10 of whom went on to work in energy related fields after graduation. Additionally, through the popular course in Industrial Energy Management, many students have graduated from the University of Florida with a strong understanding and support of energy conservation methods.

Dr. Diane Schaub

2007-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

292

1989 Industry Directory  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Solid Waste Power's 1989 Industry Directory is divided into three main sections: the Company Directory, the Service Directory, and the Product Directory. The Company Directory lists all companies involved in the waste-to-energy industry that responded to a survey Solid Waste Power conducted in the fall of 1988. Companies are listed alphabetically. Each of the companies in the Company Directory is further referenced in the Service and Product directories follow. The Service and Product directories are broken down into various categories. Within each category is a list of the names of companies identified themselves as providing the service or product. Preceding the Service and Product directories is the Category Index.

Not Available

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Solar industrial process heat  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The aim of the assessment reported is to candidly examine the contribution that solar industrial process heat (SIPH) is realistically able to make in the near and long-term energy futures of the United States. The performance history of government and privately funded SIPH demonstration programs, 15 of which are briefly summarized, and the present status of SIPH technology are discussed. The technical and performance characteristics of solar industrial process heat plants and equipment are reviewed, as well as evaluating how the operating experience of over a dozen SIPH demonstration projects is influencing institutional acceptance and economoc projections. Implications for domestic energy policy and international implications are briefly discussed. (LEW)

Lumsdaine, E.

1981-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Development of a 10 kW High Temperature High Power Density Three-Phase AC-DC-AC SiC Converter  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents the development and experimental performance of a 10 kW, all SiC, 250 C junction temperature high-power-density three-phase ac-dc-ac converter. The electromagnetic interference filter, thermal system, high temperature package, and gate drive design are discussed in detail. Finally, tests confirming the feasibility and validating the theoretical basis of the prototype converter system are described.

Ning, Puqi [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Formation of nanosized hills on Ti3SiC2 oxide layer irradiated with swift heavy ions J.C. Nappa,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the Gas-cooled Fast Reactor. Among the studied carbides, Ti3SiC2 has the advantage of combining, 28.41.Bm, 81.65.Mq, 68.37.Ps, 68.37.Og, 79.60.-i 1. Introduction The Gas-cooled Fast Reactor (GFR Forum (GIF) [1]. Because of working conditions planned for this reactor ­ high helium pressure, and high

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

296

UNICOR Renewable Energy Group Solar Program and Service Offerings  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presentation—for the Federal Utility Partnership Working Group (FUPWG) meeting held in November 2009—discusses a solar project implemented by the Federal Prison Industries (FPI), which is also known as UNICOR.

297

Industrial Energy Use Indices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of variations for all industry types in warm versus cold regions of the U.S. generally is greater than unity. Data scatter may have several explanations, including climate, plant area accounting, the influence of low cost energy and low cost buildings used...

Hanegan, A.; Heffington, W. M.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Industry Partners Panel  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Industry Panel presenters include: Michael G. Andrew, Director - Academic and Technical Programs, Advanced Products and Materials, Johnson Controls Power Solutions Michael A. Fetcenko, Vice President and Managing Director, BASF Battery Materials – Ovonic, BASF Corporation Adam Kahn, Founder and CEO, AKHAN Technologies, Inc. Stephen E. Zimmer, Executive Director, United States Council for Automotive Research (USCAR)

299

INTERMOUNTAIN INDUSTRIAL ASSESSMENT CENTER  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U. S. Department of Energy’s Intermountain Industrial Assessment Center (IIAC) at the University of Utah has been providing eligible small- and medium-sized manufacturers with no-cost plant assessments since 2001, offering cost-effective recommendations for improvements in the areas of energy efficiency, pollution prevention, and productivity improvement.

MELINDA KRAHENBUHL

2010-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

300

Industrial Retrofits are Possible  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ontario is the industrial heartland of Canada and more than 80% of its energy comes from Canadian sources with the remainder from the neighbouring U.S. states. Because of the ever increasing demand for energy relating to increased economic activity...

Stobart, E. W.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "industry group sic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Petroleum industry in Iran  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study examines the oil industry in Iran from the early discovery of oil nearly two hundred years ago in Mazandaran (north part) to the development of a giant modern industry in the twentieth century. Chapter I presents a brief historical setting to introduce the reader to the importance of oil in Iran. It focuses on the economic implications of the early oil concessions in the period 1901 to 1951. Chapter II discusses the nationalization of the Iranian oil industry and creation of NIOC in 1951 and the international political and economic implication of these activities. Chapter III explains the activities of NIOC in Iran. Exploration and drilling, production, exports, refineries, natural gas, petrochemicals and internal distributions are studied. Chapter IV discusses the role of the development planning of Iran. A brief presentation of the First Development Plan through the Fifth Development Plan is given. Sources and uses of funds by plan organization during these Five Plans is studied. The Iran and Iraq War is also studied briefly, but the uncertainty of its resolution prevents any close analysis of its impact on the Iranian oil industry. One conclusion, however, is certain; oil has been a vital resource in Iran's past and it will remain the lifetime of its economic development in the future.

Farideh, A.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Expansion in a contracting industry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Many organizations have faced the distasteful task of downsizing, but it was probably dressed up in the euphemistic term {open_quotes}rightsizing{close_quotes}. Most of us would agree that our companies are not the correct size, but why is the {open_quotes}right{close_quotes} size always smaller and not larger? Mergers and acquisitions have also had their effects on many of our colleagues, if not us ourselves. Both of these circumstances have led to fundamental changes in organizational structures and power centers. As a business group flattens the hierarchy, there are fewer steps between those who do and those who manage. Work groups may now be constructed into teams based upon products or customers rather than in their functional areas, such as accounting or sales. Employee empowerment may not be the magic pill that many had hoped for, but it has altered how our businesses operate at practically every level. And as our individual businesses change, the very structure of the energy industry is changing as well. I know many people wish for the dust to settle, see who is left to compete with, and put all this uncomfortable change behind us. This is not about to happen any time soon. Utilities will be the next to feel the intense pressure to change.

Prichard, S.L.

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Making the Most of Financed Energy Projects The energy engineers in the Residential, Commercial, and Industrial  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Making the Most of Financed Energy Projects The energy engineers in the Residential, Commercial, and Industrial Energy Efficiency Group are experts in the technical, financial, and contractual aspects of ESPCs, and Industrial Energy Efficiency Group (865) 574-1013 kelleyjs@ornl.gov 9/08 r1 ORNL helps organizations

304

Essays on the industrial organization of the airline industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis analyzes several aspects of the Industrial Organization of the airline industry in three separate chapters. Chapter 1 investigates the effect of air traffic delays on airline prices. The degree to which prices ...

Januszewski, Silke I. (Silke Irene), 1974-

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Micromechanisms of creep-fatigue crack growth in a silicide-matrix composite with SiC particles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An experimental study has been conducted to examine the cyclic fatigue crack growth characteristics in 1,200 C air of a MoSi[sub 2]-50 mol% WSi[sub 2] alloy in the unreinforced condition and with 30 vol% SiC particles. For comparison purposes, crack growth experiments under sustained loads were also carried out in the silicide-matrix composite. Particular attention is devoted to developing an understanding of the micromechanism of subcritical crack growth by recourse to optical and electron microscopy, including transmission electron microscopy of crack-tip damage. The results indicate that enhanced viscous flow of glass films along interfaces and grain boundaries imparts pronounced levels of subcritical crack growth in the composite material; the composite exhibits a higher fatigue fracture threshold and a more extended range of stable fracture than the unreinforced alloy. The effects of glass phase in influencing fatigue crack growth in the silicide-based material are compared to the influence of in situ-formed and preexisting glass films on high-temperature cyclic fatigue crack growth in ceramics and ceramic composites. The paper concludes with a comparison of present results with the high-temperature damage tolerance of a variety of intermetallic alloys and ceramic materials.

Ramamurty, U.; Kim, A.S.; Suresh, S. (Brown Univ., Providence, RI (United States)); Petrovic, J.J. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States))

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Fermilab Steering Group Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Fermilab Steering Group has developed a plan to keep U.S. accelerator-based particle physics on the pathway to discovery, both at the Terascale with the LHC and the ILC and in the domain of neutrinos and precision physics with a high-intensity accelerator. The plan puts discovering Terascale physics with the LHC and the ILC as Fermilab's highest priority. While supporting ILC development, the plan creates opportunities for exciting science at the intensity frontier. If the ILC remains near the Global Design Effort's technically driven timeline, Fermilab would continue neutrino science with the NOVA experiment, using the NuMI (Neutrinos at the Main Injector) proton plan, scheduled to begin operating in 2011. If ILC construction must wait somewhat longer, Fermilab's plan proposes SNuMI, an upgrade of NuMI to create a more powerful neutrino beam. If the ILC start is postponed significantly, a central feature of the proposed Fermilab plan calls for building an intense proton facility, Project X, consisting of a linear accelerator with the currently planned characteristics of the ILC combined with Fermilab's existing Recycler Ring and the Main Injector accelerator. The major component of Project X is the linac. Cryomodules, radio-frequency distribution, cryogenics and instrumentation for the linac are the same as or similar to those used in the ILC at a scale of about one percent of a full ILC linac. Project X's intense proton beams would open a path to discovery in neutrino science and in precision physics with charged leptons and quarks. World-leading experiments would allow physicists to address key questions of the Quantum Universe: How did the universe come to be? Are there undiscovered principles of nature: new symmetries, new physical laws? Do all the particles and forces become one? What happened to the antimatter? Building Project X's ILC-like linac would offer substantial support for ILC development by accelerating the industrialization of ILC components in the U.S. and creating an engineering opportunity for ILC cost reductions. It offers an early and tangible application for ILC R&D in superconducting technology, attracting participation from accelerator scientists worldwide and driving forward the technology for still higher-energy accelerators of the future, such as a muon collider. To prepare for a future decision, the Fermilab Steering Group recommends that the laboratory seek R&D support for Project X, in order to produce an overall design of Project X and to spur the R&D and industrialization of ILC linac components needed for Project X. Advice from the High Energy Physics Advisory Panel will guide any future decision to upgrade the Fermilab accelerator complex, taking into account developments affecting the ILC schedule and the continuing evaluation of scientific priorities for U.S. particle physics. Fermilab should also work toward increased resources for longer-term future accelerators such as a muon collider, aiming at higher energies than the ILC would provide.

Beier, Eugene; /Pennsylvania U.; Butler, Joel; /Fermilab; Dawson, Sally; /Brookhaven; Edwards, Helen; /Fermilab; Himel, Thomas; /SLAC; Holmes, Stephen; /Fermilab; Kim, Young-Kee; /Fermilab /Chicago U.; Lankford, Andrew; /UC, Irvine; McGinnis, David; /Fermilab; Nagaitsev, Sergei; /Fermilab; Raubenheimer, Tor; /SLAC /Fermilab

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Coal industry annual 1997  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Coal Industry Annual 1997 provides comprehensive information about US coal production, number of mines, prices, productivity, employment, productive capacity, and recoverable reserves. US Coal production for 1997 and previous years is based on the annual survey EIA-7A, Coal Production Report. This report presents data on coal consumption, coal distribution, coal stocks, coal prices, and coal quality for Congress, Federal and State agencies, the coal industry, and the general public. Appendix A contains a compilation of coal statistics for the major coal-producing States. This report includes a national total coal consumption for nonutility power producers that are not in the manufacturing, agriculture, mining, construction, or commercial sectors. 14 figs., 145 tabs.

NONE

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Coal industry annual 1993  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Coal Industry Annual 1993 replaces the publication Coal Production (DOE/FIA-0125). This report presents additional tables and expanded versions of tables previously presented in Coal Production, including production, number of mines, Productivity, employment, productive capacity, and recoverable reserves. This report also presents data on coal consumption, coal distribution, coal stocks, coal prices, coal quality, and emissions for a wide audience including the Congress, Federal and State agencies, the coal industry, and the general public. In addition, Appendix A contains a compilation of coal statistics for the major coal-producing States. This report does not include coal consumption data for nonutility Power Producers who are not in the manufacturing, agriculture, mining, construction, or commercial sectors. This consumption is estimated to be 5 million short tons in 1993.

Not Available

1994-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

309

SymposiumandIndustrialAffiliatesProgramLightinAction Industrial Affiliates Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SymposiumandIndustrialAffiliatesProgramLightinAction #12;Industrial Affiliates Program Friday, 8 Session I Abstract: Recently Additive Manufacturing (AM) has been hailed as the "third industrial revolution" by Economist magazine [April -2012]. Precision of the product manufactured by AM largely depends

Van Stryland, Eric

310

Recent developments: Industry briefs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This article is the `Industry Briefs` portion of Nuexco`s July 1992 `Recent Developments` section. Specific items mentioned include: (1) the merger of Entergy and Gulf States Utilities, (2) restart of the Sequoyah Fuels facility in Oklahoma, (3) development of the 7th and 8th nuclear units in Taiwan, (4) purchase of interest in Rio Algom, Ltd, and (5) acquisition of the Italian firm AGIP by a Canadian company.

NONE

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Industrial Analytics Corporation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The lost foam casting process is sensitive to the properties of the EPS patterns used for the casting operation. In this project Industrial Analytics Corporation (IAC) has developed a new low voltage x-ray instrument for x-ray radiography of very low mass EPS patterns. IAC has also developed a transmitted visible light method for characterizing the properties of EPS patterns. The systems developed are also applicable to other low density materials including graphite foams.

Industrial Analytics Corporation

2004-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

312

BTU Accounting for Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, salesmen cars, over the highway trucks, facilities startup, waste used as fuel and fuels received for storage. This is a first step in the DOE's effort to establish usage guidelines for large industrial users and, we note, it requires BTU usage data...-generated electricity, heating, ventilating, air conditioning, in-plant transportation, ore hauling, raw material storage and finished product warehousing. Categories which are excluded are corporate and divisional offices, basic research, distribution centers...

Redd, R. O.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

The impact of government policies on industrial evolution : the case of China's automotive industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Governmental industrial policies have great influence on industrial performances and development trajectories. The infant industry theory has been the dominating theoretical foundation of the industrial policies in developing ...

Luo, Jianxi

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Industrial Heat Pump Design Options  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

There are numerous industries that can incorporate heat pumps into their operations to save energy costs and payoff the investment in well under two years. Many of these industries can cut energy costs associated with evaporation by over 75...

Gilbert, J. S.

315

A National Resource for Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

alloys, and metal matrix composite products carbon fibe's manufacturing industries. These industries call upon ORNL's expertise in materials synthesis, characterization-efficient manufacturing processes and materials targeting products of the future. The Department of Energy's first

316

Electrotechnologies and Industrial Pollution Control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The role of electrotechnologies in the control of emissions and effluents from industrial processes is discussed. Matrices are presented identifying those electrotechnologies which impact pollution in various industries. Specific examples...

Schmidt, P. S.

317

Deaerators in Industrial Steam Systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This revised ITP tip sheet on deaerators in industrial steam systems provides how-to advice for improving industrial steam systems using low-cost, proven practices and technologies.

Not Available

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Texas Industries of the Future  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The purpose of the Texas Industries of the Future program is to facilitate the development, demonstration and adoption of advanced technologies and adoption of best practices that reduce industrial energy usage, emissions, and associated costs...

Ferland, K.

319

Modeling the semiconductor industry dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The semiconductor industry is an exciting and challenging industry. Strong demand at the application end, plus the high capital intensity and rapid technological innovation in manufacturing, makes it difficult to manage ...

Wu, Kailiang

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

INDUSTRIAL ENERGY DATA COLLECTION EXISTING SYSTEM AND PROPOSED FUTURE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.4 Hydro Quebec 14 5.5 Energy Research Group, Simon Fraser University 14 5.6 CANMET 15 #12;Industrial. INDUSTRIAL PRIMARY ENERGY DATA COLLECTION FORMATS 27 9.1 Energy Audits 27 9.1.1 Methodology 29 9.1.2 Steps Involved in an Energy Audit 30 9.2 Surveys 31 9.2.1 Detailed Site Energy End-use Survey 32 9.2.2 Equipment

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "industry group sic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Innovative Utility Pricing for Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INNOVATIVE UTILITY PRICING FOR INDUSTRY James A. Ross Drazen-Brubaker &Associates, Inc. St. Louis, Missouri ABSTRACT The electric utility industry represents only one source of power available to industry. Al though the monopolistic... structure of the electric utility industry may convey a perception that an electric utility is unaffected by competition, this is an erroneous perception with regard to in dustry. Electric utilities face increased compe tition, both from other utilities...

Ross, J. A.

322

Industrial-Load-Shaping: The Practice of and Prospects for Utility/Industry Cooperation to Manage Peak Electricity Demand  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INDUSTRIAL-LOAD-SHAPI1IG: TIlE PRACTICE OF AND PROSPECTS FOR UTILITY/INDUSTRY COOPERATION TO MAUGE PEAK ELECTRICITY DEMAND Donald J. BuIes and David E. Rubin Consultants, Pacific Gas and Electric Company San Francisco, California Michael F.... Maniates Energy and Resources Group, University of California Berkeley, California ABSTRACT Load-management programs designed to reduce demand for electricity during peak periods are becoming increasingly important to electric utilities. For a gf...

Bules, D. J.; Rubin, D. E.; Maniates, M. F.

323

Industrial Energy Audit Guidebook: Guidelines for Conducting...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Industry Resource Type: Guidemanual Website: china.lbl.govsiteschina.lbl.govfilesLBNL-3991E.Industrial%20Energy Industrial Energy Audit Guidebook: Guidelines for Conducting...

324

Colorado Industrial Challenge and Recognition Program | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Colorado Industrial Challenge and Recognition Program Colorado Industrial Challenge and Recognition Program This fact sheet offers details of the Colorado Industrial program state...

325

Selmer groups as flat cohomology groups  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Given a prime number p, Bloch and Kato showed how the p Selmer group of an abelian variety A over a number field K is determined by the p-adic Tate module. In general, the pm1-Selmer group Selpmn A need not be determined ...

?esnavi?ius, K?stutis

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

1. Tsubono Group 1 1 Tsubono Group  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

optical fiber ­ Test of the law of gravitation at extremely small distance references [1] Y. Aso, M. Ando1. Tsubono Group 1 1 Tsubono Group Research Subjects: Experimental Relativity, Gravitational Wave Physics, Laser Inter- ferometer Member: Kimio TSUBONO and Masaki ANDO The detection of gravitational waves

Ejiri, Shinji

327

QEP WORKING GROUP CHARGES Assessment Working Group  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and a framework that details timelines, leadership, resource allocation, and an assessment plan that is clearlyQEP WORKING GROUP CHARGES Assessment Working Group The topic of the QEP should fit should be supported by a thorough understanding of the institutional context and by assessment data

Liu, Paul

328

Student Groups Student Group Description Short Description  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Student Groups Student Group Description Short Description AHR Scholar-Architecture Scholar ART Honors - Architecture Honors H04 Honors - Allied Medical Prof Honors H05 Honors - Arts & Sciences Honors H14 Honors - Envir&Natural Resources Honors H15 Honors - Food, Agr, & Envir Sci Honors H16 Honors

329

Industrial energy use indices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

gas consumption. Data from milder climates appears more scattered than that from colder climates. For example, the ratio of the average of coefficient of variations for all industry types in warm versus cold regions of the U.S. varies from 1....1 to 1.7 depending on the energy sources considered. The large data scatter indicates that predictions of energy use obtained by multiplying standard EUI data by plant area may be inaccurate and are less accurate in warmer than colder climates (warmer...

Hanegan, Andrew Aaron

2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

330

Coal Industry Annual 1995  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents data on coal consumption, coal distribution, coal stocks, coal prices, coal quality, and emissions for Congress, Federal and State agencies, the coal industry, and the general public. Appendix A contains a compilation of coal statistics for the major coal-producing States. This report does not include coal consumption data for nonutility power producers that are not in the manufacturing, agriculture, mining, construction, or commercial sectors. Consumption for nonutility power producers not included in this report is estimated to be 21 million short tons for 1995.

NONE

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Carbon Emissions: Food Industry  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2007 10,998 9,933 10,998 10,643 10,998 10,643 10,998 10,998 10,64397 272 522 542Peru (MillionFood Industry

332

Sustainable Nanomaterials Industry Perspective  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy Usage »of Energy Strain Rate4SuperhardSuspect andCoaches Aim Industry Perspective

333

CASL - Industry Council  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-Series to someone6Energy, science, andAnalysis ofLink to Resources Industry

334

CASL - Industry Council Resources  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-Series to someone6Energy, science, andAnalysis ofLink to Resources IndustryCASL

335

Industrial Technical Assistance  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeatMulti-Dimensionalthe U.S.Indiana College ProvidesSteam Technical BriefINDUSTRIAL

336

Coal industry annual 1996  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents data on coal consumption, coal distribution, coal stocks, coal prices, and coal quality, and emissions for Congress, Federal and State agencies, the coal industry, and the general public. Appendix A contains a compilation of coal statistics for the major coal-producing States.This report does not include coal consumption data for nonutility power producers that are not in the manufacturing, agriculture, mining, construction, or commercial sectors. Consumption for nonutility power producers not included in this report is estimated to be 24 million short tons for 1996. 14 figs., 145 tabs.

NONE

1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Baseline study of US industry solar exports  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study is a detailed aggregate profile of US solar export activity in 1979 based on a survey of all segments of the solar industry. It identifies the dollar volume of exports by technology: (1) solar heating and cooling products; (2) wind products; (3) photovoltaics; (4) solar thermal electric; (5) OTEC and biomass; and (6) support products and services. The study offers to government and industry groups, for the first time, comprehensive information with which to formulate export goals and assistance measures based on the current realities of the solar export marketplace. Specific and aggregate recommendations which can lead to identification of realistic solar export opportunities and development of solar export markets are included.

Jacobius, T M; Levi, R S; Bereny, J A

1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Proceedings of the 1992 DOE-industry thermal distribution conference  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The subject of the conference was thermal distribution in small buildings. Thermal distribution systems are the ductwork, piping, or other means used to transport heat or cooling effect from the equipment in which the heat or cooling is produced to the building spaces in which it is used. The small buildings category is defined to include single-family residential and multifamily and commercial buildings with less than 10,000 ft{sup 2} floor area. The 1992 DOE-Industry Thermal Distribution Conference was conceived as the beginning of a process of information transfer between the DOE and the industries having a stake in thermal distribution systems, whereby the DOE can make the industry aware of its thinking and planned directions early enough for changes to be made, and whereby the industries represented can provide this input to the DOE on a timely and informed basis. In accordance with this, the objectives of the Conference were: To present--to a representative group of researchers and industry representative--the current industry thinking and DOE`s current directions for research in small-building thermal distribution. To obtain from industry and the research community a critique of the DOE priorities and additional ideas concerning how DOE can best assist the industry in promoting energy conservation in thermal distribution systems.

Andrews, J.W. [ed.

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Proceedings of the 1992 DOE-industry thermal distribution conference  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The subject of the conference was thermal distribution in small buildings. Thermal distribution systems are the ductwork, piping, or other means used to transport heat or cooling effect from the equipment in which the heat or cooling is produced to the building spaces in which it is used. The small buildings category is defined to include single-family residential and multifamily and commercial buildings with less than 10,000 ft{sup 2} floor area. The 1992 DOE-Industry Thermal Distribution Conference was conceived as the beginning of a process of information transfer between the DOE and the industries having a stake in thermal distribution systems, whereby the DOE can make the industry aware of its thinking and planned directions early enough for changes to be made, and whereby the industries represented can provide this input to the DOE on a timely and informed basis. In accordance with this, the objectives of the Conference were: To present--to a representative group of researchers and industry representative--the current industry thinking and DOE's current directions for research in small-building thermal distribution. To obtain from industry and the research community a critique of the DOE priorities and additional ideas concerning how DOE can best assist the industry in promoting energy conservation in thermal distribution systems.

Andrews, J.W. (ed.)

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Competitive developments in the electric supply industry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Competition in the electric supply industry is outlined. The following topics are discussed: six impending major developments in the electric industry; recent and projected developments in the industry; where is the industry headed?; and what the future holds.

Bruder, G.F.; Lively, M.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "industry group sic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Whitacre College of Engineering Industrial Engineering Department  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Whitacre College of Engineering Industrial Engineering Department Department Chair and Professor of Industrial Engineering. The Industrial Engineering Department at Texas Tech University has a distinguished industrial engineering education and provide appropriate service to the department, university

Gelfond, Michael

342

Faculty of Engineering & Design Industrial Placements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Faculty of Engineering & Design Industrial Placements A guide for industry #12;Industrial placements The Faculty of Engineering & Design has built close links with engineering companies through research, projects, placements and graduate employees. We know that working with industry ensures our

Burton, Geoffrey R.

343

Research Projects in Industrial Technology.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this booklet is to briefly describe ongoing and completed projects being carried out by Bonneville Power Administration's (BPA) Industrial Technology Section. In the Pacific Northwest, the industrial sector is the largest of the four consuming sectors. It accounted for thirty-nine percent of the total firm demand in the region in 1987. It is not easy to asses the conservation potential in the industrial sector. Recognizing this, the Northwest Power Planning Council established an objective to gain information on the size, cost, and availability of the conservation resource in the industrial sector, as well as other sectors, in its 1986 Power Plan. Specifically, the Council recommended that BPA operate a research and development program in conjunction with industry to determine the potential costs and savings from efficiency improvements in industrial processes which apply to a wide array of industrial firms.'' The section, composed of multidisciplinary engineers, provides technical support to the Industrial Programs Branch by designing and carrying out research relating to energy conservation in the industrial sector. The projects contained in this booklet are arranged by sector --industrial, utility, and agricultural -- and, within each sector, chronologically from ongoing to completed, with those projects completed most recently falling first. For each project the following information is given: its objective approach, key findings, cost, and contact person. Completed projects also include the date of completion, a report title, and report number.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration. Industrial Technology Section.

1990-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

industrial & systems (ISE) Industrial and Systems Engineers use engineering and business principles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

70 industrial & systems (ISE) Industrial and Systems Engineers use engineering and business systems to help companies compete in today's global marketplace. The Industrial and Systems Engineer. Programs Available · Industrial and Systems Engineering Bachelor of Science 129 units · Industrial

Rohs, Remo

345

industrial & systems (ISE) Industrial and Systems engineers use engineering and business principles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

74 industrial & systems (ISE) Industrial and Systems engineers use engineering and business to help companies compete in today's global marketplace. The Industrial and Systems engineer's task. Programs Available · Industrial and Systems Engineering Bachelor of Science 128 units · Industrial

Rohs, Remo

346

Office of Industry Research and Technology Programs Greetings to Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Assistant Vice President, Corporate & Foundation Relations Inside this issue... Greetings to Industry. The founding members are American Axle and Manufacturing, Eaton Corpora- tion and John Deere. This applied

Ginzel, Matthew

347

Rebuttal: Interacting With the Pharmaceutical Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

9. 6. Angell M. The pharmaceutical industry: To whom is ithas shown that the pharmaceutical industry has profited some

Stone, Susan; Herbert, Mel

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

ITP Industrial Materials: Development and Commercialization of...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Industrial Materials: Development and Commercialization of Alternative Carbon Fiber Precursors and Conversion Technologies ITP Industrial Materials: Development and...

349

Academic-Industry Collaboration (AIC) - Synchrophasor Engineering...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Academic-Industry Collaboration (AIC) - Synchrophasor Engineering Education Program: Information Exchange Webinar (March 6, 2014) Academic-Industry Collaboration (AIC) -...

350

Researching Industries (for Internships)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

;Researching Companies · Google · Company Websites · CareerSearch · Vault Guides · Hoovers · Crain's Chicago Services · Specialty groups · Company websites #12;Action Steps 1. Prepare for your search: Create do you want to work for our organization? ­ What do you find interesting about our company? ­ Why

Shull, Kenneth R.

351

Title: Strategic Investing for a Sustainable Future: A New Approach to the Campaign for Divestment in the Fossil Fuel Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the Fossil Fuel Industry Host: Charles H. Greene, Director, Ocean Resources and Ecosystems Program to encourage university divestment in the fossil fuel industry is achieving national attention. Student groups to convince the fossil fuel industry that it must play a constructive role in the transition from fossil fuels

Angenent, Lars T.

352

EPRI's Industrial Energy Management Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the Electric Power Research Institute has been establishing industry specific Centers and Offices nationwide to assist electric utilities and their customers in managing for a better use of energy. Hundreds of joint industry/utility projects... services thus supporting national objectives for a clean environment and a strong economic future. The Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) recognizes that the management of energy use and the environmental impacts of industrial activity...

Mergens, E.; Niday, L.

353

Energy Efficiency and Industrial Technology  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Next Generation Nuclear Plant Docs CONTACT US Center for Advanced Energy Studies Energy Efficiency and Industrial Technology The Department conducts research for DOE, other...

354

Industry Supply Chain Development (Ohio)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Supply Chain Development programs are focused on targeted industries that have significant growth opportunities for Ohio's existing manufacturing sector from emerging energy resources and...

355

FAQS Reference Guide – Industrial Hygiene  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This reference guide addresses the competency statements in the November 2007 edition of DOE-STD-1138-2007, Industrial Hygiene Functional Area Qualification Standard.

356

China's Nuclear Industry After Fukushima  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

s Nuclear Industry After Fukushima Jingdong YUAN SummaryT he March 2011 Fukushima nuclear accident has had aand speedy responses to Fukushima-like and other unexpected

YUAN, Jingdong

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

TEC Working Group Topic Groups Archives Communications Meeting...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

TEC Working Group Topic Groups Archives Communications Conference Call Summaries TEC Meeting Summaries - January 1997 TEC Working Group Topic Groups Tribal Conference Call...

358

Pending Jobs by Group  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Pending Jobs by Group Pending Jobs by Group Daily Graph: Weekly Graph: Monthly Graph: Yearly Graph: 2 Year Graph: Last edited: 2011-04-05 14:00:14...

359

Long Term by Group  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Running Jobs by Group Running Jobs by Group Daily Graph: Weekly Graph: Monthly Graph: Yearly Graph: 2 Year Graph: Last edited: 2011-04-05 13:59:48...

360

Department of Industrial Engineering Spring 2011 Armstrong World Industries, Inc  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PENNSTATE Department of Industrial Engineering Spring 2011 Armstrong World Industries, Inc Overview The main objectives were the following: -To reduce wasted space and optimize the Armstrong Marietta plant generate? How did you analyse them? Outcomes Armstrong will save on forklift fuel costs as a result

Demirel, Melik C.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "industry group sic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Interagency Sustainability Working Group  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Interagency Sustainability Working Group (ISWG) is the coordinating body for sustainable buildings in the federal government.

362

Hydrogen Analysis Group  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

NREL factsheet that describes the general activites of the Hydrogen Analysis Group within NREL's Hydrogen Technologies and Systems Center.

Not Available

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Public-policy responsibilities in a restructured electricity industry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this report, we identify and define the key public-policy values, objectives, and actions that the US electricity industry currently meets. We also discuss the opportunities for meeting these objectives in a restructured industry that relies primarily on market forces rather than on government mandates. And we discuss those functions that governments might undertake, presumably because they will not be fully met by a restructured industry on its own. These discussions are based on a variety of inputs. The most important inputs came from participants in an April 1995 workshop on Public-Policy Responsibilities and Electric Industry Restructuring: Shaping the Research Agenda. Other sources of information and insights include the reviews of a draft of this report by workshop participants and others and the rapidly growing literature on electric-industry restructuring and its implications. One of the major concerns about the future of the electricity industry is the fate of numerous social and environmental programs supported by today`s electric utilities. Many people worry that a market-driven industry may not meet the public-policy objectives that electric utilities have met in the past. Examples of potentially at-risk programs include demand-side management (DSM), renewable energy, low-income weatherization, and fuel diversity. Workshop participants represented electric utilities, public utility commissions (PUCs), state energy offices, public-interest groups, other energy providers, and the research community.

Tonn, B.; Hirst, E.; Bauer, D.

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Virtual Engineering in Industry www.iit.tu-Berlin.de  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Virtual Engineering in Industry E-Bike www.iit.tu-Berlin.de in coorporation with Audi E-Bike Please.: +49 (0) 30 / 3 90 06-111 Realistic product development The lecture course Virtual Engineering high motivation, creativity, ability to work in a team working in small groups with different roles

Berlin,Technische Universität

365

Rapid silicon outdiffusion from SiC substrates during molecular-beam epitaxial growth of AlGaN/GaN/AlN transistor structures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

AlGaN/GaN/AlN transistor structures were grown onto SiC substrates by molecular-beam epitaxy. Under aluminum-rich growth conditions for the AlN nucleation layer, undesirable n-type conduction is observed near the GaN/AlN interface for even thick (>1000 A) AlN layers. Silicon is identified as the unwanted dopant from secondary-ion mass spectroscopy measurements. Atomic force microscopy surface maps reveal free aluminum metal on AlN surfaces grown under modest aluminum-rich conditions. It is proposed that rapid silicon migration is caused by molten aluminum reacting with the SiC substrate resulting in dissolved silicon that rapidly migrates through the growing AlN layer. This behavior is significantly reduced using a growth flux ratio of aluminum to reactive nitrogen close to unity. The resulting buffer leakage current of the GaN high electron mobility transistor structure is reduced by more than four orders of magnitude.

Hoke, W.E.; Torabi, A.; Mosca, J.J.; Hallock, R.B.; Kennedy, T.D. [Raytheon RF Components, 362 Lowell Street, Andover, Massachusetts 01810 (United States)

2005-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

366

Effects of pressure, temperature, and hydrogen during graphene growth on SiC(0001) using propane-hydrogen chemical vapor deposition  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Graphene growth from a propane flow in a hydrogen environment (propane-hydrogen chemical vapor deposition (CVD)) on SiC differentiates from other growth methods in that it offers the possibility to obtain various graphene structures on the Si-face depending on growth conditions. The different structures include the (6{radical}3 Multiplication-Sign 6{radical}3)-R30 Degree-Sign reconstruction of the graphene/SiC interface, which is commonly observed on the Si-face, but also the rotational disorder which is generally observed on the C-face. In this work, growth mechanisms leading to the formation of the different structures are studied and discussed. For that purpose, we have grown graphene on SiC(0001) (Si-face) using propane-hydrogen CVD at various pressure and temperature and studied these samples extensively by means of low energy electron diffraction and atomic force microscopy. Pressure and temperature conditions leading to the formation of the different structures are identified and plotted in a pressure-temperature diagram. This diagram, together with other characterizations (X-ray photoemission and scanning tunneling microscopy), is the basis of further discussions on the carbon supply mechanisms and on the kinetics effects. The entire work underlines the important role of hydrogen during growth and its effects on the final graphene structure.

Michon, A.; Vezian, S.; Roudon, E.; Lefebvre, D.; Portail, M. [CNRS-CRHEA, Rue Bernard Gregory, 06560 Valbonne (France)] [CNRS-CRHEA, Rue Bernard Gregory, 06560 Valbonne (France); Zielinski, M.; Chassagne, T. [NOVASiC, Savoie Technolac, Arche Bat 4, BP267, 73375 Le Bourget du Lac (France)] [NOVASiC, Savoie Technolac, Arche Bat 4, BP267, 73375 Le Bourget du Lac (France)

2013-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

367

Making the Most of Financed Energy Projects The energy engineers in the Residential, Commercial, and Industrial Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3/20/09 Making the Most of Financed Energy Projects The energy engineers in the Residential, Commercial, and Industrial Energy Efficiency Group are experts in the technical, financial, and contractual, Commercial, and Industrial Energy Efficiency Group kelleyjs@ornl.gov ORNL helps organizations with training

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

368

Industrial Sector Energy Demand: Revisions for Non-Energy-Intensive Manufacturing (released in AEO2007)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

For the industrial sector, the Energy Information Administration's (EIA) analysis and projection efforts generally have focused on the energy-intensive industriesfood, bulk chemicals, refining, glass, cement, steel, and aluminumwhere energy cost averages 4.8% of annual operating cost. Detailed process flows and energy intensity indicators have been developed for narrowly defined industry groups in the energy-intensive manufacturing sector. The non-energy-intensive manufacturing industries, where energy cost averages 1.9% of annual operating cost, previously have received somewhat less attention, however. In Annual Energy Outlook 2006 (AEO), energy demand projections were provided for two broadly aggregated industry groups in the non-energy-intensive manufacturing sector: metal-based durables and other non-energy-intensive. In the AEO2006 projections, the two groups accounted for more than 50% of the projected increase in industrial natural gas consumption from 2004 to 2030.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Grouped exposed metal heaters  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system for treating a hydrocarbon containing formation is described. The system includes two or more groups of elongated heaters. The group includes two or more heaters placed in two or more openings in the formation. The heaters in the group are electrically coupled below the surface of the formation. The openings include at least partially uncased wellbores in a hydrocarbon layer of the formation. The groups are electrically configured such that current flow through the formation between at least two groups is inhibited. The heaters are configured to provide heat to the formation.

Vinegar, Harold J. (Bellaire, TX); Coit, William George (Bellaire, TX); Griffin, Peter Terry (Brixham, GB); Hamilton, Paul Taylor (Houston, TX); Hsu, Chia-Fu (Granada Hills, CA); Mason, Stanley Leroy (Allen, TX); Samuel, Allan James (Kular Lumpar, MY); Watkins, Ronnie Wade (Cypress, TX)

2010-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

370

Grouped exposed metal heaters  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system for treating a hydrocarbon containing formation is described. The system includes two or more groups of elongated heaters. The group includes two or more heaters placed in two or more openings in the formation. The heaters in the group are electrically coupled below the surface of the formation. The openings include at least partially uncased wellbores in a hydrocarbon layer of the formation. The groups are electrically configured such that current flow through the formation between at least two groups is inhibited. The heaters are configured to provide heat to the formation.

Vinegar, Harold J. (Bellaire, TX); Coit, William George (Bellaire, TX); Griffin, Peter Terry (Brixham, GB); Hamilton, Paul Taylor (Houston, TX); Hsu, Chia-Fu (Granada Hills, CA); Mason, Stanley Leroy (Allen, TX); Samuel, Allan James (Kular Lumpar, ML); Watkins, Ronnie Wade (Cypress, TX)

2012-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

371

Oklahoma Industrial Energy Management Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The need for sound energy management is no longer worthy of debate. Action is necessary and much is being done by U.S. industry. Unfortunately, however, the majority of the work is being done by the few large energy intensive industries throughout...

Turner, W. C.; Webb, R. E.; Phillips, J. M.; Viljoen, T. A.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

College of Engineering Industrial Engineering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

College of Engineering Industrial Engineering Core 2.0 Completion Checklist Industrial Engineering) 6 Research and Creative Experience R EIND 499R (I&ME 444 R and I&ME 445 R) Note: Courses completed Social Sciences; * EGEN 310 (ENGR 310), Multidisciplinary Engineering Design, may be substituted

Dyer, Bill

373

Creating Value Wood Products Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Louisiana Forest Products Development Center #12;2 Louisiana is blessed with quality timberland for the Wood Products Industry The forest industry contributes more than 50 percent of the total value of all for quality information, research and education in forest products in Louisiana, recognized regionally

374

Forschungsschwerpunkt S92 Industrial Geometry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Forschungsschwerpunkt S92 Industrial Geometry http://www.ig.jku.at Computational Geometry Robot Kinematics Computer Aided Geometric Design Image Processing INDUSTRIAL GEOMETRY Classical Geometry Computer unwanted branches of the implicitly defined curves. Moreover, it is required for many applications, e

JĂĽttler, Bert

375

Energy Savings in Industrial Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The industrial sector accounts for more than one-third of total energy use in the United States and emits 28.7 percent of the country’s greenhouse gases. Energy use in the industrial sector is largely for steam and process heating systems...

Zhou, A.; Tutterow, V.; Harris, J.

376

Emerging energy-efficient industrial technologies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

U.S. industry consumes approximately 37 percent of the nation's energy to produce 24 percent of the nation's GDP. Increasingly, industry is confronted with the challenge of moving toward a cleaner, more sustainable path of production and consumption, while increasing global competitiveness. Technology will be essential for meeting these challenges. At some point, businesses are faced with investment in new capital stock. At this decision point, new and emerging technologies compete for capital investment alongside more established or mature technologies. Understanding the dynamics of the decision-making process is important to perceive what drives technology change and the overall effect on industrial energy use. The assessment of emerging energy-efficient industrial technologies can be useful for: (1) identifying R&D projects; (2) identifying potential technologies for market transformation activities; (3) providing common information on technologies to a broad audience of policy-makers; and (4) offering new insights into technology development and energy efficiency potentials. With the support of PG&E Co., NYSERDA, DOE, EPA, NEEA, and the Iowa Energy Center, staff from LBNL and ACEEE produced this assessment of emerging energy-efficient industrial technologies. The goal was to collect information on a broad array of potentially significant emerging energy-efficient industrial technologies and carefully characterize a sub-group of approximately 50 key technologies. Our use of the term ''emerging'' denotes technologies that are both pre-commercial but near commercialization, and technologies that have already entered the market but have less than 5 percent of current market share. We also have chosen technologies that are energy-efficient (i.e., use less energy than existing technologies and practices to produce the same product), and may have additional ''non-energy benefits.'' These benefits are as important (if not more important in many cases) in influencing the decision on whether to adopt an emerging technology. The technologies were characterized with respect to energy efficiency, economics, and environmental performance. The results demonstrate that the United States is not running out of technologies to improve energy efficiency and economic and environmental performance, and will not run out in the future. We show that many of the technologies have important non-energy benefits, ranging from reduced environmental impact to improved productivity and worker safety, and reduced capital costs.

Martin, N.; Worrell, E.; Ruth, M.; Price, L.; Elliott, R.N.; Shipley, A.M.; Thorne, J.

2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

GROUP 1 GROUP 2 GROUP 3 GROUP 4 GROUP 5 GROUP 6 ANDERSON, JENNIFER AYENI, MARY ABATE BESSOMO, ANNA BARRETT, CIAN ADAMS, NICOLE BARTON, MICHAEL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GROUP 1 GROUP 2 GROUP 3 GROUP 4 GROUP 5 GROUP 6 ANDERSON, JENNIFER AYENI, MARY ABATE BESSOMO, ANNA ANDERSON FITZSIMONS, DENISEBINCHY, SUSAN CARLEY, JESSE CONWAY, AILBHE BROOKE, HENRY CONLAN, DEIRDRE, CAOIMHE HESKIN, CLODAGH MC GOVERN, MARIE-CLAIREMURRAY, AINE GROGAN, CLARE GERARD, ALLISON MC QUAID, RACHEL

O'Mahony, Donal E.

378

Department of Industrial Engineering Fall 2011 Characterizing the Effect of Contact Perturbation on Tool Wear in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PENNSTATE Department of Industrial Engineering Fall 2011 Characterizing the Effect of Contact Engineering group had any physical experience operating industrial machinery before. The Engineers had first used in machining, to learn the proper steps of the study. · The engineers machined titanium tubes

Demirel, Melik C.

379

Uranium industry annual 1993  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Uranium production in the United States has declined dramatically from a peak of 43.7 million pounds U{sub 3}O{sub 8} (16.8 thousand metric tons uranium (U)) in 1980 to 3.1 million pounds U{sub 3}O{sub 8} (1.2 thousand metric tons U) in 1993. This decline is attributed to the world uranium market experiencing oversupply and intense competition. Large inventories of uranium accumulated when optimistic forecasts for growth in nuclear power generation were not realized. The other factor which is affecting U.S. uranium production is that some other countries, notably Australia and Canada, possess higher quality uranium reserves that can be mined at lower costs than those of the United States. Realizing its competitive advantage, Canada was the world`s largest producer in 1993 with an output of 23.9 million pounds U{sub 3}O{sub 8} (9.2 thousand metric tons U). The U.S. uranium industry, responding to over a decade of declining market prices, has downsized and adopted less costly and more efficient production methods. The main result has been a suspension of production from conventional mines and mills. Since mid-1992, only nonconventional production facilities, chiefly in situ leach (ISL) mining and byproduct recovery, have operated in the United States. In contrast, nonconventional sources provided only 13 percent of the uranium produced in 1980. ISL mining has developed into the most cost efficient and environmentally acceptable method for producing uranium in the United States. The process, also known as solution mining, differs from conventional mining in that solutions are used to recover uranium from the ground without excavating the ore and generating associated solid waste. This article describes the current ISL Yang technology and its regulatory approval process, and provides an analysis of the factors favoring ISL mining over conventional methods in a declining uranium market.

Not Available

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

AVLIS industrial access program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document deals with the procurements planned for the construction of an Atomic Vapor Laser Isotope Separation (AVLIS) production plant. Several large-scale AVLIS facilities have already been built and tested; a full-scale engineering demonstration facility is currently under construction. The experience gained from these projects provides the procurement basis for the production plant construction and operation. In this document, the status of the AVLIS process procurement is presented from two viewpoints. The AVLIS Production Plant Work Breakdown Structure is referenced at the level of the items to be procured. The availability of suppliers for the items at this level is discussed. In addition, the work that will result from the AVLIS enrichment plant project is broken down by general procurement categories (construction, mechanical equipment, etc.) and the current AVLIS suppliers are listed according to these categories. A large number of companies in all categories are currently providing AVLIS equipment for the Full-Scale Demonstration Facility in Livermore, California. These companies form an existing and expanding supplier network for the AVLIS program. Finally, this document examines the relationship between the AVLIS construction project/operational facility and established commercial suppliers. The goal is to utilize existing industrial capability to meet the needs of the project in a competitive procurement situation. As a result, costs and procurement risks are both reduced because the products provided come from within the AVLIS suppliers' experience base. At the same time, suppliers can benefit by the potential to participate in AVLIS technology spin-off markets. 35 figures.

Not Available

1984-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "industry group sic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

A Second Poincare' Group  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Solutions of the sourceless Einstein's equation with weak and strong cosmological constants are discussed by using In\\"on\\"u-Wigner contractions of the de Sitter groups and spaces. The more usual case corresponds to a weak cosmological-constant limit, in which the de Sitter groups are contracted to the Poincar\\'e group, and the de Sitter spaces are reduced to the Minkowski space. In the strong cosmological-constant limit, however, the de Sitter groups are contracted to another group which has the same abstract Lie algebra of the Poincar\\'e group, and the de Sitter spaces are reduced to a 4-dimensional cone-space of infinite scalar curvature, but vanishing Riemann and Ricci curvature tensors. In such space, the special conformal transformations act transitively, and the equivalence between inertial frames is that of special relativity.

R. Aldrovandi; J. G. Pereira

1998-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

382

Energy conservation guide for industrial processes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Th Energy Conservation Guide for industrial processes has simple instructions to survey energy use areas at Navy industrial activities like shipyards, Naval air rework facilities and government owned, contractor operated (GOCO) plants. This guide includes information and procedures on: organizing and conducting an industrial energy survey; evaluating purchased energy data; descriptions of industrial systems; and evaluation of industrial processes for conservation.

Not Available

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

UNDERGRADUATE DEGREES Industrial and Systems Engineering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UNDERGRADUATE DEGREES Industrial and Systems Engineering The Bachelor's Degree in Industrial, consulting at amusement parks, analyzing systems, and beyond. SYSTEMS ScIENcE AND INDUSTRIAl ENGINEERING of Engineering in Industrial Engineering (MEng IE) equips graduates to be effective in industry and provides

Suzuki, Masatsugu

384

The industrial ecology of the iron casting industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Metal casting is an energy and materials intensive manufacturing process, which is an important U.S. industry. This study analyzes iron casting, in particular, for possible improvements that will result in greater efficiencies ...

Jones, Alissa J. (Alissa Jean)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

A study of the educational outcomes of the teacher-in-industry program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OF SCIENCE December 1991 Major Subject: Educational Curriculum &, Instruction A STUDY OF THE EDUCATIONAL OUTCOMES OF THE TEACHER-IN-INDUSTRY PROGRAM A Thesis by TERI FLYNN METCALF Approved as to style and content by: Robert (Chair of James mmittee... difference in beliefs between the participant group and the reference group was found, suggesting that the Teacher-in-Industry Program had a positive impact on teacher beliefs about classroom methods, curriculum content and themselves...

Metcalf, Teri Flynn

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Report on the deuterium retention in CVD coated W on SiC in support of the Ultramet Company’s Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) project: SOW DE-FG02-07ER84941  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A tungsten (W) coated (0.0005-inch thickness) silicon carbide (SiC) (1.0-inch diameter and 0.19-inch thickness) sample was exposed to a divertor relevant high-flux (~1022 m-2s-1) deuterium plasma at 200 and 400°C in the Idaho National Laboratory’s (INL’s) Tritium Plasma Experiment (TPE), and the total deuterium retention was subsequently measured via the thermal desorption spectroscopy (TDS) method. The deuterium retentions were 6.4x1019 m-2 and 1.7x1020 m-2, for 200 and 400°C exposure, respectively. The Tritium Migration Analysis Program (TMAP) was used to analyze the measured TDS spectrum to investigate the deuterium behavior in the W coated SiC, and the results indicated that most of the deuterium was trapped in the W coated layer even at 400°C. This thin W layer (0.0005-inch ~ 13µm thickness) prevented deuterium ions from bombarding directly into the SiC substrate, minimizing erosion of SiC and damage creation via ion bombardment. The shift in the D desorption peak in the TDS spectra from 200 C to 400°C can be attributed to D migration to the bulk material. This unexpectedly low deuterium retention and short migration might be due to the porous nature of the tungsten coating, which can decrease the solution concentration of deuterium atoms.

Masashi Shimada

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

A. Bag, W. Zhou, D. Taplin and E. S. Dwarakadasa, Fatigue Behaviour of AZ91D Magnesium Alloy and its Composite Reinforced with SiC, in Magnesium Technology 2000, eds. H. I. Kaplan, J. N. Hryn  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A. Bag, W. Zhou, D. Taplin and E. S. Dwarakadasa, Fatigue Behaviour of AZ91D Magnesium Alloy and its Composite Reinforced with SiC, in Magnesium Technology 2000, eds. H. I. Kaplan, J. N. Hryn and B. B. Clow, Nashville, Tennessee, Mar. 2000, pp. 345-348. FATIGUE BEHAVIOUR OF AZ91D MAGNESIUM ALLOY

Zhou, Wei

388

Tribal Topic Group Summary  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Caucus created a mission statement and resolution: - All Tribes with cultural ties to Yucca Mountain should be invited to join TEC - Ongoing funds to support Tribal Topic Group...

389

Trails Working Group  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

in December 2003, includes representatives from local citizen hiking groups, Los Alamos County, Forest Service, Park Service, Los Alamos National Laboratory and the NNSA...

390

Hydrogen Technologies Group  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Hydrogen Technologies Group at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory advances the Hydrogen Technologies and Systems Center's mission by researching a variety of hydrogen technologies.

Not Available

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Mechanical Engineering & Thermal Group  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mechanical Engineering & Thermal Group The Mechanical Engineering (ME) & Thermal Group at LASP has, and ground- based mechanical systems. Instrument Design Building on decades of design experience that has evolved with the complexity of instrument design demands, LASP mechanical engineers develop advanced

Mojzsis, Stephen J.

392

Group Accident Insurance Certificate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Group Accident Insurance Certificate Regents of the University of New Mexico #12;#12;Life Insurance Company GROUP ACCIDENT CERTIFICATE THIS CERTIFICATE PROVIDES LIMITED COVERAGE. PLEASE READ YOUR. THIS CERTIFICATE IS ISSUED UNDER AN ACCIDENT ONLY POLICY. IT DOES NOT PAY BENEFITS FOR LOSS CAUSED BY SICKNESS. GA

New Mexico, University of

393

Hazardous and Industrial Waste (Minnesota)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This section describes standards that must be met by facilities generating and processing hazardous and industrial waste, as well as required permits for the construction and operation of such a...

394

The steam engine and industrialization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Simon Schaffer in York Rail Museum talks to the camera about the relationship between the steam engine and industrialization and whatsteam meant; a regular supply of moving power for workshops and factories....

Dugan, David

2004-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

395

China's Nuclear Industry After Fukushima  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2013-9 January 2013 China’s Nuclear Industry After FukushimaMarch 2011 Fukushima nuclear accident has had a significanton the future of China’s nuclear power. First, it highlights

YUAN, Jingdong

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Uncertainty, investment, and industry evolution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the effects of aggregate and idiosyncratic uncertainty on the entry of firms, total investment, and prices in a competitive industry with irreversible investment. We first use standard dynamic programming methods ...

Caballero, Ricardo J.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Big Picture 19912012 other industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

% Academic 49% Research 8% Consulting 11% Finance 12% other industry 20% Where are the ORC Ph.D. graduates Semiconductors Lincoln Vale NonAcademic Jobs Small Firms Big Firms ORC Alumni Startups Academic 49% Research 8

398

Electrified Separation Processes in Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

For any separation procedure in the chemical industry, a certain amount of reversible work in the form of free energy is required, as dictated by the second law of thermodynamics. Classical techniques for effecting liquid-phase separations...

Appleby, A. J.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Integrated Industrial Wood Chip Utilization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The sources of supply of wood residues for energy generation are described and the rationale for exploring the potential available from forest harvesting is developed. Details of three industrial-scale projects are presented and the specific...

Owens, E. T.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Industrial Mathematics and Inverse Problems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12;The Industrial Mathematics Structure in Linz 5 #12;The Blast Furnace Process 6 #12;Aims": Looking for causes of an observed or desired effect! A.Tikhonov ( 1936), geophysical problems. F

Fulmek, Markus

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "industry group sic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Outlook for Industrial Energy Benchmarking  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency is exploring options to sponsor an industrial energy efficiency benchmarking study to identify facility specific, cost-effective best practices and technologies. Such a study could help develop a common...

Hartley, Z.

402

China's Nuclear Industry After Fukushima  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Brief 2013-9 January 2013 China’s Nuclear Industry Aftera significant impact on the future of China’s nuclear power.the importance of safety as China builds more nuclear power

YUAN, Jingdong

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Industrial Plans for AEO2014  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

you for your attention 10 Industrial Team Washington DC, July 30, 2013 Macro Team: Kay Smith (202) 586-1132 | kay.smith@eia.gov Vipin Arora (202) 586-1048 | vipin.arora@eia.gov...

404

Industrial Use of Infrared Inspections  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Infrared is and has been an established technology in the military and aerospace fields. However, only relatively recently has this technology found a "use" in the industrial sector. Many reasons exist why the technology has not been used...

Duch, A. A.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Electric Utility Industrial Conservation Programs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Alliance to Save Energy conducted a study, funded by the John A. Hartford Foundation, of industrial and commercial electricity conservation opportunities in the service territory of Arkansas Power and Light Company (AP&L). The study determined...

Norland, D. L.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

CALIFORNIA ENERGY PETROLEUM INDUSTRY INFORMATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION PETROLEUM INDUSTRY INFORMATION REPORTING ACT (PIIRA) PROGRAM REPORTING PETROLEUM AND NON-PETROLEUM ................................................... 40 PRODUCT DEFINITIONS Major Petroleum Product Storer and Terminal Weekly Report Major petroleum product storers, terminal

407

Three Essays on Industrial Organization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The dissertation discusses issues in the field of industrial organization. When the government provides better infrastructure to competing firms for innovation, private firms' R&D expenditures are affected. When the ...

Lee, Yang Seung

2008-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

408

GRADUATE STUDENT INFORMATION MECHANICAL AND INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GRADUATE STUDENT INFORMATION MECHANICAL AND INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT 2010/2011 September).................1 . REQUIREMENTS FOR A MASTER OF SCIENCE DEGREE IN INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING AND OPERATIONS RESEARCH)...................................................................................................1 DUAL MASTER IN BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION AND INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING (72 CREDITS

Mountziaris, T. J.

409

GRADUATE STUDENT INFORMATION MECHANICAL AND INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GRADUATE STUDENT INFORMATION MECHANICAL AND INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT 2009/2010 September).................1 . REQUIREMENTS FOR A MASTER OF SCIENCE DEGREE IN INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING (30 CREDITS)...............1 DUAL MASTER IN BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION AND INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING (72 CREDITS

Mountziaris, T. J.

410

GRADUATE STUDENT INFORMATION MECHANICAL AND INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GRADUATE STUDENT INFORMATION MECHANICAL AND INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT 2013/2014 September..............................3 C. COURSE REQUIREMENTS FOR A MASTER OF SCIENCE DEGREE IN INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING AND OPERATIONS............................4 E. DUAL MASTER IN BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION AND INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING AND OPERATIONS RESEARCH

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

411

GRADUATE STUDENT INFORMATION MECHANICAL AND INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GRADUATE STUDENT INFORMATION MECHANICAL AND INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT 2011/2012 September).................1 REQUIREMENTS FOR A MASTER OF SCIENCE DEGREE IN INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING AND OPERATIONS RESEARCH (30).....................................................................................................2 DUAL MASTER IN BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION AND INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING (72 CREDITS

Mountziaris, T. J.

412

FINLAND SOURCES 2007 -Forest industry production Authorities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FINLAND SOURCES 2007 - Forest industry production Print Home Finland Government Authorities Local administration Federations, organizations Company outlooks Industry » Overview » Forest industry production » Turnover » Profit » Energy Year 2006 » Shipping Business services Infrastructure Economy Education

413

Canada's Voluntary Industrial Energy Conservation Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Industrial Energy Conservation in Canada is organized and promoted through a voluntary program that is administered by industry. Industry is divided into fifteen sectors, each of which is represented by a Voluntary Task Force. Information exchange...

Wolf, C. A., Jr.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Waste Management Trends in Texas Industrial Plants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Industrial Assessment Center at Texas A&M University has performed several waste and energy minimization surveys in small- and medium- sized industrial manufacturing plants in Texas. During these surveys, Industrial Assessment Center personnel...

Smith, C. S.; Heffington, W. M.

415

Energy efficiency and carbon dioxide emissions reduction opportunities in the U.S. cement industry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper reports on an in-depth analysis of the U.S. cement industry, identifying cost-effective energy efficiency measures and potentials. The authors assess this industry at the aggregate level (Standard Industrial Classification 324), which includes establishments engaged in manufacturing hydraulic cements, including Portland, natural, masonry, and pozzolana when reviewing industry trends and when making international comparisons. Coal and coke are currently the primary fuels for the sector, supplanting the dominance of natural gas in the 1970s. Between 1970 and 1997, primary physical energy intensity for cement production (SIC 324) dropped 30%,from 7.9 GJ/t to 5.6 GJ/t, while carbon dioxide intensity due to fuel consumption (carbon dioxide emissions expressed in tons of carbon per ton cement) dropped 25%, from 0.16 tC/ton to 0.12 tC/ton. Carbon dioxide intensity due to fuel consumption and clinker calcination dropped 17%, from 0.29 tC/ton to 0.24 tC/ton. They examined 30 energy efficient technologies and measures and estimated energy savings, carbon dioxide savings, investment costs, and operation and maintenance costs for each of the measures. They constructed an energy conservation supply curve for U.S. cement industry which found a total cost-effective reduction of 0.6 GJ/ton of cement consisting of measures having a simple payback period of 3 years or less. This is equivalent to potential energy savings of 11% of 1994 energy use for cement making and a savings of 5% of total 1994 carbon dioxide emissions by the U.S. cement industry. Assuming the increased production of blended cement in the U.S., as is common in many parts of the world, the technical potential for energy efficiency improvement would not change considerably. However, the cost-effective potential, would increase to 1.1 GJ/ton cement or 18% of total energy use, and carbon dioxide emissions would be reduced by 16%.

Martin, Nathan; Worrell, Ernst; Price, Lynn

1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Fermilab | Employee Advisory Group | Focus Group Report  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsing ZirconiaPolicyFeasibility ofSmall15.000 Rev.Group Members Sabina Aponte,

417

Green Industrial Policy: Trade and Theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Papers Year 2012 Paper 1126 Green Industrial Policy: Trade© 2012 by author(s). Green Industrial Policy: Trade andreality and the potential for green indus- trial policy. We

Karp, Larry; Stevenson, Megan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

EIS-0429: Indiana Gasification, LLC, Industrial Gasification...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

9: Indiana Gasification, LLC, Industrial Gasification Facility in Rockport, IN and CO2 Pipeline EIS-0429: Indiana Gasification, LLC, Industrial Gasification Facility in Rockport,...

419

EIS-0428: Mississippi Gasification, LLC, Industrial Gasification...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

8: Mississippi Gasification, LLC, Industrial Gasification Facility in Moss Point, MS EIS-0428: Mississippi Gasification, LLC, Industrial Gasification Facility in Moss Point, MS...

420

ITP Aluminum: Aluminum Industry Vision: Sustainable Solutions...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Aluminum Industry Vision: Sustainable Solutions for a Dynamic World ITP Aluminum: Aluminum Industry Vision: Sustainable Solutions for a Dynamic World alumvision.pdf More Documents...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "industry group sic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Industrial Energy Efficiency Projects Improve Competitiveness...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Industrial Energy Efficiency Projects Improve Competitiveness and Protect Jobs Industrial Energy Efficiency Projects Improve Competitiveness and Protect Jobs U.S. Department of...

422

Rotation With Industry | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Industry Rotation With Industry 7ROTATIONWITHINDUSTRY.pdf More Documents & Publications Microsoft Word - APRIL 2009 PMCDP Module CHRIS ESS TutorialROTATIONWITHINDUSTRY.doc...

423

Grand Challenge Portfolio: Driving Innovations in Industrial...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Grand Challenge Portfolio: Driving Innovations in Industrial Energy Efficiency, January 2011 Grand Challenge Portfolio: Driving Innovations in Industrial Energy Efficiency, January...

424

Tax-Exempt Industrial Revenue Bonds (Kansas)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Tax-Exempt Industrial Revenue Bonds are issued by cities and counties for the purchase, construction, improvement or remodeling of a facility for agricultural, commercial, hospital, industrial,...

425

Borla Performance Industries, Inc. | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Borla Performance Industries, Inc. America's Next Top Energy Innovator Challenge 1830 likes Borla Performance Industries, Inc. Oak Ridge National Laboratory Borla Performance...

426

Industrial Energy Efficiency: Designing Effective State Programs...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

State Programs for the Industrial Sector This report provides state regulators, utilities, and other program administrators an overview of the spectrum of U.S. industrial...

427

Geothermal: Sponsored by OSTI -- Industrial Sector Technology...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Industrial Sector Technology Use Model (ISTUM): industrial energy use in the United States, 1974-2000. Volume 1. Primary model documentation. Final report...

428

Geothermal Energy Association Annual Industry Briefing: 2015...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Geothermal Energy Association Annual Industry Briefing: 2015 State of Geothermal Geothermal Energy Association Annual Industry Briefing: 2015 State of Geothermal February 24, 2015...

429

Energy Matters: Industrial Energy Efficiency | Department of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Matters: Industrial Energy Efficiency Energy Matters: Industrial Energy Efficiency November 18, 2011 - 2:33pm Addthis On November 16, 2011, Deputy Assistant Secretary for Energy...

430

Colorado State University Industrial Assessment Center Saves...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

audit. | Photo courtesy of University of Missouri IAC. Industrial Assessment Centers Train Future Energy-Savvy Engineers Industrial Assessment Centers Help Students, Communities...

431

Joint Capability Technology Demonstration (JCTD) Industry Day...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Joint Capability Technology Demonstration (JCTD) Industry Day Agenda Joint Capability Technology Demonstration (JCTD) Industry Day Agenda Agenda outlines the activities of the 2014...

432

Industrial Energy Efficiency and Climate Change Mitigation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

mitigate 21 MtCO 2 . Cogeneration (also called Combined Heatefficiencies. Industrial cogeneration is an important partpotential for industrial cogeneration is estimated at almost

Worrell, Ernst

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

The influence of fiber/matrix interface on the mechanical behavior of Nicalon SiC fiber reinforced glass-ceramic composites  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Mechanical properties of unidirectional Nicalon SiC fiber reinforced Ca aluminosilicate (CAS/SiC) and Mg aluminosilicate (MAS/SiC) glass-ceramic composites were investigated by tensile testing and nondestructive laser-ultrasound technique. The Ba-stuffed MAS was either undoped or doped with 5% borosilicate glass. Degradation of elastic stiffness constant C{sub 11} in transverse direction due to interface damage was monitored in situ by measuring the laser- generated ultrasound wave velocity. The three composite materials show different characteristics of macroscopic deformation behavior, which is correlated strongly to interface degradation. A stronger reduction trend of the elastic constant C{sub 11} is associated with a larger degree of inelastic deformation. The fracture surfaces also reveal the close relation between fiber pullout length and interfacial characteristics. Interfaces of these composites were studied by TEM; their influence on inhibiting and deflecting matrix cracks is discussed.

Liu, Y.M.; Mitchell, T.E. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Wadley, H.N.G. [Virginia Univ., Charlottesville, VA (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Electric Vehicle Research Group  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.................................................................................9 From diesel to electric: a new era in personnel transport for underground coal minesElectric Vehicle Research Group Annual Report 2012 #12;Table of Contents Executive Summary................................................................................8 C2-25 Electric Vehicle Drivetrain

Liley, David

435

www.eprg.group.cam.ac.uk EPRGWORKINGPAPERNON-TECHNICALSUMMARY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

). There are resource shortages already in the nuclear energy industry, and currently the Supplier to the nuclear in existence. The latter problems pose a risk for the Suppliers to operators in the nuclear energy industrywww.eprg.group.cam.ac.uk EPRGWORKINGPAPERNON-TECHNICALSUMMARY Third Party Nuclear Liability

Aickelin, Uwe

436

Pollution Prevention and New Industrial Estates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Pollution Prevention and New Industrial Estates Chris Pittner Associate Director WSP 21 May 2012 POLLUTION PREVENTION AND NEW INDUSTRIAL ESTATES Pollution within Industrial Estates Legal Framework and Guidance Surface Water Management Project Examples #12;2 POLLUTION WITHIN INDUSTRIAL ESTATES Sources Poor

Heal, Kate

437

Mechanical and Industrial Engineering John Stuart  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mechanical and Industrial Engineering John Stuart Paul Washburn Co-Chairs MIE IAB Meeting #12;2Mechanical and Industrial Engineering Dean Tim Anderson #12;3Mechanical and Industrial Engineering Strategic vision for growing College Goal Method Current resources #12;4Mechanical and Industrial Engineering

Mountziaris, T. J.

438

Faculty of Engineering Industrial and Manufacturing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Faculty of Engineering Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Industrial engineers answer the needs of organizations to operate efficiently and cost effectively. As an industrial engineer, you may of Windsor is one of only a few institutions in Ontario to offer industrial engineering. Your education

439

Industrial & Systems Engineering Areas of Engineering Interests  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Industrial & Systems Engineering Areas of Engineering Interests The Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering understands our students may work as Industrial Engineers in other engineering industries, and to help prepare them for these careers, the ISE Areas of Interest was formulated. The courses

Berdichevsky, Victor

440

What does an Industrial Engineer really do???  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

What does an Industrial Engineer really do??? #12;What you will learn · What Industrial Engineering is · Examples of Industrial Engineering (IE) activities · The advantages of an IE college degree #12;Engineering does that engineer do? Where? #12;Industrial Engineers Find a Better Way... · A better way to make

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "industry group sic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Agricultural productivity and industrialization: A reformulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Agricultural productivity and industrialization: A reformulation Debasis Mondal Sept 20, 2014 Abstract In this paper we examine the role of agricultural productivity on the process of industrialization industrialization by releasing labor from agriculture to industry. In fact, when agriculture is highly productive

Bandyopadhyay, Antar

442

The chemical industry, by country  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Beijing will be the site for the third ACHEMASIA, international petrochemical and chemical exhibition and conference, May 15--20, 1995. In preparation for this conference, Hydrocarbon Processing contacted executives of petrochemical/chemical industries and trade associations, seeking views on the state of the industry. The Asia-Pacific region is the center of new construction and expanded capacity and also a mixture of mature, developing and emerging petrochemical industries. Established countries must mold and grow with emerging economies as the newcomers access natural resources and develop their own petrochemical infrastructures. The following nation reports focus on product supply/demand trends, economic forecasts, new construction, etc. Space limitations prohibit publishing commentaries from all countries that have petrochemical/chemical capacity. Reports are published from the following countries: Australia, China, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand, and Vietnam.

Not Available

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Profile of the chemicals industry in California: Californiaindustries of the future program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Industrial Technologies (OIT) established the Industries of the Future (IOF) program to increase energy efficiency, reduce waste production and to improve competitiveness, currently focusing on nine sectors. The IOF is a partnership strategy involving industry, the research community and the government, working together to identify technology needs, promote industrial partnerships and implement joint measures with all partners involved. The State Industries of the Future (SIOF) program delivers the accomplishments of the national Industries of the Future strategy to the local level, to expand the technology opportunities to a larger number of partners and reach smaller businesses and manufacturers that were not initially involved in the IOF effort. The state programs bring together industry, academia, and state agencies to address the important issues confronting industry in the state. These public-private coalitions facilitate industry solutions locally and enhance economic development. California has started a State Industries of the Future effort, in collaboration with the U.S. Department of Energy. The California Energy Commission (CEC) is leading the SIOF program in California, as part of many other programs to improve the energy efficiency and performance of industries in California. The California State IOF program aims to build a network of participants from industry, academia and government in four selected industrial sectors as a basis for the development of a strategic partnership for industrial energy efficient technology in the state. In California the IOF effort focuses petroleum refining, chemical processing, food processing and electronics. As part of this effort, the SIOF program will develop roadmaps for technology development for the selected sectors. On the basis of the roadmap, the program will develop successful projects with co-funding from state and federal government, and promote industry-specific energy-efficiency. An important element of the SIOF-program is the preparation of R&D roadmaps for each of the selected industries. The roadmap will help to identify priority needs for the participating industries to meet their energy challenges. The roadmap effort builds on the roadmaps developed by DOE, and on the conditions specific for the industry in California. Key to the successful preparation of a roadmap in the selected industries is the development of a profile of the industries. The profile provides a basis for the participants in the roadmap-effort, especially as the structure of the industries in California can be different than in the nation. The sector profiles describe the current economic and energy situation of these industries in California, the processes and energy uses, and the potential future developments in each industry. The profiles are an integral part of the roadmap, to help working group partners to evaluate the industry's R&D needs for their industry in California. In this report, we focus on the chemicals industry. The industry is an important economic factor in the state, providing over 82,300 jobs directly, and more in indirect employment. Value of shipments in 2001 was just under $25.7 Billion, or 6% of all manufacturing in California. There are over 1,500 chemical plants in California, of which 52% are pharmaceutical companies. Many companies operate chemical plants in California. The industry consumes 8% of the electricity and 5% of the natural gas in California. In this report, we start with a description of the chemical industry in the United States and California. This is followed by a discussion of the energy consumption and energy intensity of the Californian chemical industry. Chapter 3 focuses on the main sub-sectors. For each of the sub-sectors a general process description is provided in Chapter 4. Based on this analysis, in Chapter 5, we discuss potential technology developments that can contribute to further improving the energy efficiency in chemical plants, with a focus on the situation in California.

Galitsky, Christina; Worrell, Ernst

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Children's learning of number words in an indigenous farming-foraging group  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that children in the Tsimane', a farming-foraging group in the Bolivian rain-forest, learn number words along a similar developmental trajectory to children from industrialized countries. Tsimane' children successively ...

Piantadosi, Steven Thomas

445

Finite group symmetry breaking  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Finite group symmetry is commonplace in Physics, in particular through crystallographic groups occurring in condensed matter physics -- but also through the inversions (C,P,T and their combinations) occurring in high energy physics and field theory. The breaking of finite groups symmetry has thus been thoroughly studied, and general approaches exist to investigate it. In Landau theory, the state of a system is described by a finite dimensional variable (the {\\it order parameter}), and physical states correspond to minima of a potential, invariant under a group. In this article we describe the basics of symmetry breaking analysis for systems described by a symmetric polynomial; in particular we discuss generic symmetry breakings, i.e. those determined by the symmetry properties themselves and independent on the details of the polynomial describing a concrete system. We also discuss how the plethora of invariant polynomials can be to some extent reduced by means of changes of coordinates, i.e. how one can reduce to consider certain types of polynomials with no loss of generality. Finally, we will give some indications on extension of this theory, i.e. on how one deals with symmetry breakings for more general groups and/or more general physical systems.

G. Gaeta

2005-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

446

MIT and Life Sciences & Health Care Industries MIT Industry Brief  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

,Lasers,Spectroscopy · Informatics,Computation,Analysis,Modeling · LifestyleIssues · Medical-forward care; multiple blast and ballistic threats--materials damage, human #12;MIT and Life Sciences & Health Care Industries injury mechanisms, lightweight protective systems; hazardous substances sensing

Polz, Martin

447

MIT and the Building/Construction Industries MIT Industry Brief  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

devoted to improving the ability of companies to efficiently customize products and services in various in these areas. Please note that this is not a comprehensive summary of research being conducted at MIT in the topic areas listed above. MIT's Industrial Liaison Program (ILP) can bring the intellectual power of MIT

Ceder, Gerbrand

448

Industry turns its attention south  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The paper discusses the outlook for the gas and oil industries in the Former Soviet Union and Eastern Europe. Significant foreign investment continues to elude Russia`s oil and gas industry, so the Caspian nations of Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan are picking up the slack, welcoming the flow of foreign capital to their energy projects. Separate evaluations are given for Russia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Armenia, Belarus, Georgia, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Moldova, Tajikstan, Uzbekistan, Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Serbia.

Marhefka, D. [Russian Petroleum Investor, Moscow (Russian Federation)

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

The chemical industry, by country  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As part of its ACHEMA coverage, Hydrocarbon Processing contacted executives of petrochemical/chemical industry trade associations in 11 countries, seeking views of on the state of the industry. These reports thus provide an added dimension to feature articles in this issue that focus on petrochemical/chemical-product supply/demand trends, economic forecasts, etc. The nations represented here were chosen for commentary because collectively they contain most of the world's petrochemical capacity. Space limitations prohibit the publishing of commentaries from all countries that have petrochemical/chemical capacity. The countries are: Belgium, China, France, Germany, India, Italy, Japan, Korea, The Netherlands, United Kingdom, and the United States.

Not Available

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

NICE3: Industrial Refrigeration System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Energy Concepts has developed an absorption-augmented system as a cost-effective means of achieving more cooling capacity with a substantial reduction in energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions for industrial refrigeration. It cuts fuel consumption by 30% by combining an internal combustion engine with a mechanical compression refrigeration system and an absorption refrigeration system. The absorption system is powered by engine waste heat. Conventional industrial refrigeration uses mechanical vapor compression, powered by electric motors, which results in higher energy costs. By the year 2010, the new system could cut fuel consumption by 19 trillion Btu and greenhouse emissions by more than 1 million tons per year.

Simon, P.

1999-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

451

Maine Natural Gas Industrial Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia,(Million Barrels) Crude Oil Reserves in Nonproducing Reservoirs Year2 Macro-Industrial Working GroupFoot)

452

Upgraded Coal Interest Group  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Upgraded Coal Interest Group (UCIG) is an EPRI 'users group' that focuses on clean, low-cost options for coal-based power generation. The UCIG covers topics that involve (1) pre-combustion processes, (2) co-firing systems and fuels, and (3) reburn using coal-derived or biomass-derived fuels. The UCIG mission is to preserve and expand the economic use of coal for energy. By reducing the fuel costs and environmental impacts of coal-fired power generation, existing units become more cost effective and thus new units utilizing advanced combustion technologies are more likely to be coal-fired.

Evan Hughes

2009-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

453

Bell, group and tangle  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The 'Bell' of the title refers to bipartite Bell states, and their extensions to, for example, tripartite systems. The 'Group' of the title is the Braid Group in its various representations; while 'Tangle' refers to the property of entanglement which is present in both of these scenarios. The objective of this note is to explore the relation between Quantum Entanglement and Topological Links, and to show that the use of the language of entanglement in both cases is more than one of linguistic analogy.

Solomon, A. I., E-mail: a.i.solomon@open.ac.u [Open University, Department of Physics (United Kingdom)

2010-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

454

industrial & systems (ISE) Industrial and Systems Engineers use engineering and business prin-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

70 industrial & systems (ISE) Industrial and Systems Engineers use engineering and business prin to help companies compete in today's global marketplace. The Industrial and Systems Engineer's task Available · Industrial and Systems Engineering Bachelor of Science 129 units · Industrial and Systems

Rohs, Remo

455

Biomedical | Chemical & Biomolecular | Civil & Environmental | Electrical & Computer | Industrial | Mechanical | Petroleum Careers in Industrial Engineering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

| Mechanical | Petroleum Careers in Industrial Engineering Manufacturing, service and retail industries hire a significant number of industrial engineers. Specific industries include automobile manufacturers, electronics to the US Bureau of Labor Statistics, the 2012 average annual wage for industrial engineers is $82

Glowinski, Roland

456

Towards a history of the international industrial gases industry Ray Stokes, Ralf Banken, and Matthias Phl  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

industrial revolution" and their component companies. From David Landes's classic study, The Unbound of the industries of the second industrial revolution has been virtually ignored in this scholarship to date1 Towards a history of the international industrial gases industry Ray Stokes, Ralf Banken

Guo, Zaoyang

457

Environmental Effects of Industrial Farming  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

·Water contamination ·Soil contamination ·Solutions #12;US Meat Industry Animals (2009) kg produced (2009 contamination #12;Water contamination ·~9x108 kg of dry waste produced in the US per day day in 2001 #12;Water!" #12;Air contamination ·220kg of CH4 produced in the lifetime of a cow "Smells like money!" #12;Air

Budker, Dmitry

458

working with industry Engineering and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of interests including: · laser physics · semiconductor optoelectronics · photonics in manufacturing · solar · micromechanics and condition monitoring · renewable energy modelling · carbon capture and storage Our institute to applied systems. We have a wide ranging programme of current work with many industrial companies in key

Painter, Kevin

459

Certificate Industrial and Systems Engineering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Six Sigma Certificate Industrial and Systems Engineering San José State University September, 2008 #12;1 Lean Enterprise and Six Sigma Lean Enterprise about transforming the old mass production-to-cradle design, incorporating design for manufacturability, reproducibility, product lifecycle, etc. Six Sigma

Su, Xiao

460

Policies on Japan's Space Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as a strategic industry Practical space use in National Security Diplomacy ...etc Policy Administrative Structure on the Basic Space Law legislated in 2008. 1. The government sets space policy as a national strategy utilization environment Develop new markets with small size satellites and rockets Promote the serialization

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "industry group sic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Oklahoma Industrial Energy Management Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In Oklahoma, industry consumes about 35% of the total energy consumed. While it is true that much work has been done in the larger companies, most small to medium sized companies have yet to undertake a substantial energy management program. Often...

Turner, W. C.; Estes, C. B.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Optimization of Industrial Refrigeration Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A computer program designed to optimize the size of an evaporative condenser in a two-stage industrial refrigeration plant was created. The program sizes both the high-stage and low-stage compressors and an evaporative condenser. Once the initial...

Flack, P. J.; Sharp, M. K.; Case, M. E.; Gregory, R. W.; Case, P. L.

463

Environment Canada Industrial Programs Section  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12;Environment Canada Industrial Programs Section Environmental Protection Guide for Best Management Practices for Process Water Management at Fish Processing Plants in British Columbia h~ NovaTec Consultants Inc. Environmental Engineers and Scientists September 1994 Project No: 1043.16 #12;DISCLAIMER

464

Shale Play Industry Transportation Challenges,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

­ High volume commodi-es flows in and out of shale plays · Sand In....Oil in excess of 50 MMT/Yr. · Life of current Shale Oil & Gas explora-on trend ­ 2012) #12;Shale Play Oil Industry A Look at the Baaken · 2-3 Unit Trains

Minnesota, University of

465

Magnetism Theory Group / POSTECH Magnetism Theory Group / POSTECH  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Magnetism Theory Group / POSTECH #12;Magnetism Theory Group / POSTECH #12;Magnetism Theory Group / POSTECH #12;Magnetism Theory Group / POSTECH #12;Magnetism Theory Group / POSTECH J.H . Park et al. #12;'s of FeinCsm e tal The chargeandorbitalordering geom etryin YB a C o 2 O 5 S. K. Kwon etal .Magnetism Theory

Min, Byung Il

466

NPDES Individual Permit for Industrial Facilities - Mail Merge...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

WATER DISCHARGES ASSOCIATED WITH INDUSTRIAL ACTIVITY FROM FABRICATED METAL PRODUCTS INDUSTRY......44 I. CONTENTS OF PLAN. ......

467

Photovoltaic industry progress through 1984  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The growth of the US photovoltaics (PV) industry over the past decade has been impressive. First designed to provide power for satellites using high-cost production techniques, PV is now the economical choice in many remote terrestrial applications. The remarkable growth of PV in terms of quality of cells and modules, production techniques, and system design, was initiated by a cooperative effort of the US Government and the domestic PV manufacturers. European and Japanese firms entered the PV industry later, but are also growing rapidy. The Europeans continue to supply PV systems for village electrification and water pumping to many Third World countries. The Japanese have been developing the amorphous silicon (A-Si) technology by expanding its use in consumer goods. The world PV industry saw dramatic changes in industry ownership and in the emphasis on developing new and improved technology during 1984. The objective of this report is to present information on the developments of the world PV industry and focuses on developments occurring in 1984. Information is presented on a regional basis (US, Europe, Japan, other) to avoid disclosing company-confidential data. All information was gleaned from several sources, including a review of the technical literature and direct contacts with PV manufacturers. Prior to publishing the regional totals, all numbers were compared with those of other sources. The information contained in this report is prepared for use by the Department of Energy for their use in long-term R and D planning. However, this information should also be of interest by PV manufacturers and to those who may be contemplating entering the PV market. PV shipments for 1984, government supports for PV, and various PV market sectors are discussed.

Watts, R.L.; Smith, S.A.; Dirks, J.A.

1985-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

BIOCHEMICALS FOR THE PRINTING INDUSTRY THE CARBOHYDRATE ECONOMY INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTS FROM THE SOILINTRODUCTION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The printing industry is one of the largest and most geographically diverse manufacturing industries in the U.S. In 1996, the industry consisted of more than 50,000 establishments

unknown authors

469

TEC Working Group Topic Groups Rail Key Documents Radiation Monitoring...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Radiation Monitoring Subgroup TEC Working Group Topic Groups Rail Key Documents Radiation Monitoring Subgroup Radiation Monitoring Subgroup Draft Work Plan - February 4, 2008 More...

470

TEC Working Group Topic Groups Rail Conference Call Summaries...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Radiation Monitoring Subgroup TEC Working Group Topic Groups Rail Conference Call Summaries Radiation Monitoring Subgroup Radiation Monitoring Subgroup October 11, 2007 More...

471

2002 Nature Publishing Group PERSPECTIVES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. One way of assessing the opportunities available to the pharmaceutical industry is to begin of post-genomic research strategies within the pharmaceutical industry. Now that we know the size using several methods. In a comprehensive review of the accumulated portfolio of the pharmaceutical

Gates, Kent. S.

472

Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Schleich, J. , 2004: Do energy audits help reduce barriersof organizational barriers. Energy audit and managementa; US EPA, n.d. ). Energy Audits and Management Systems.

Bernstein, Lenny

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sized, high efficiency electric motors and insulation,by improving the efficiency of the electric motor throughelectric motors and motor-driven systems; high efficiency

Bernstein, Lenny

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Emission reduction at Engen refinery in South Durban. Paperenergy consumed in refineries and other energy conversionCement Membrane separation Refinery gas Natural gas Bio-

Bernstein, Lenny

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2002: Profiles in SMEs and SME Issues, 1990-2000. Asia-Energy management practices in SME- Case study of bakery incountries. Integrating SME development strategy into the

Bernstein, Lenny

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of world production and typically uses 60–70% less energy (world steel production, finding potential CO 2 emission reductions due to energy

Bernstein, Lenny

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy efficiency, fuel mix, carbon intensity of the fuelmix, and electricity carbon intensity. Energy Efficiency.mix, energy and carbon intensities of fuel and electricity,

Bernstein, Lenny

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

14 pp. IEA, 2006c: World Energy Outlook 2006. Internationalan extrapolation of its World Energy Outlook 2005 ReferenceCO 2 gases The IEA’s World Energy Outlook 2006 (IEA, 2006c)

Bernstein, Lenny

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

about 1.2% of world energy consumption and is responsible7.2: Design energy consumption trends in world ammonia

Bernstein, Lenny

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

July, 2005. Price, L. , J. Sinton, E. Worrell, D. Phylipsen,L. , S. de la Rue du Can, J. Sinton, E. Worrell, N. Zhou, J.April, 2002), pp. 105-109. Sinton, J.E. and D.G. Fridley,

Bernstein, Lenny

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "industry group sic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of environmentally sound technology, SMEs may not have theSMEs. Energy efficiency and other GHG mitiga- tion technologies

Bernstein, Lenny

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Air bottoming cycle Black liquor gasification combined cycleCEPI, 2001), and that use continues to grow. Black liquorgasification: Black liquor is the residue from chemical

Bernstein, Lenny

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

communication to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change.Communications - Report by the Secretariat. UN Framework Convention on Climate Change.

Bernstein, Lenny

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

competitiveness in the EU emissions trading scheme: Optionson NO x and CO 2 emissions trading. Emissions Trader -Economy. DTI, 2005: EU Emissions trading scheme: Benchmark

Bernstein, Lenny

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and fuel used in the primary smelter. PFC emission includedto current state-of-the art smelter electricity use and 50%commonly been connected to smelter retrofit, conversion, or

Bernstein, Lenny

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sector’s share of global primary energy use declined fromused 91 EJ of primary energy, 40% of the global total of 227Global and sectoral data on final energy use, primary energy

Bernstein, Lenny

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy efficiency and energy awareness in Botswana; ESI,attitudes towards and awareness of energy efficiency; •limited awareness of the availability of energy-saving and

Bernstein, Lenny

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

both emis- sions from incineration and the demand for fossilyr (Okazaki et al. , 2004). Incineration of wastes (e.g. ,by reducing emissions from incineration and the demand for

Bernstein, Lenny

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2003: The history of waste energy recovery in Germany sinceincreasing recovery of waste energy and process gases, andgeneration or non-energy uses, waste-derived fuels,

Bernstein, Lenny

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

driven systems; high efficiency boilers and process heaters;aims to develop boilers with an efficiency of 94%. However,much lower. Efficiency measures exist for both boilers and

Bernstein, Lenny

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2003: Jupiter oxygen combustion technology of coal and otherOxygen Furnace Gas ME = Main Exhaust WH = Waste Heat Figure 7.1: CO 2 reduction potential of eight energy saving technologies

Bernstein, Lenny

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A.T, 2001: Prospects for biogas harvesting at Sungunn WongseRenewables Biomass, Biogas, PV, Wind turbines, Hydropowermill, fluidized bed kiln Biogas, Biomass Cullet preheating

Bernstein, Lenny

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Industrial  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-SeriesFlickrinformation for planningto FuelIndependentProcedures29,503default

494

Industrial  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFun withconfinementEtching.348ASSEMBLY [ICO] Name

495

Industrial  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFun withconfinementEtching.348ASSEMBLY [ICO] Nameindustrial Sign In About |

496

Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Eidt, B. , 2004: Cogeneration opportunities - Global EnergyP.R.K. , 2003: Sugar cogeneration for power challenges andnewsletter in sugar and cogeneration. STAPPA/ALAPCO, 1999:

Bernstein, Lenny

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

KKG Group Paraffin Removal  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Rocky Mountain Oilfield Testing Center (RMOTC) has recently completed a test of a paraffin removal system developed by the KKG Group utilizing the technology of two Russian scientists, Gennady Katzyn and Boris Koggi. The system consisting of chemical ''sticks'' that generate heat in-situ to melt the paraffin deposits in oilfield tubing. The melted paraffin is then brought to the surface utilizing the naturally flowing energy of the well.

Schulte, Ralph

2001-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

620 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INDUSTRIAL ELECTRONICS, VOL. 59, NO. 1, JANUARY 2012 Low-Speed Longitudinal Controllers for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

620 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INDUSTRIAL ELECTRONICS, VOL. 59, NO. 1, JANUARY 2012 Low unsolved by the automotive sector: managing autonomously a gasoline-propelled vehicle at very low speeds euros [1]. This problem is being tackled by both the automotive industry and transport research groups

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

499

Reinventing the Industrial Heartland: Supply Chain Sustainability and the New Automotive Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reinventing the Industrial Heartland: Supply Chain Sustainability and the New Automotive Industry-Director, WI Electric Machines and Power Electronics Consortium, University of Wisconsin-Madison Challenge: Lee

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

500

Energy efficiency programs and policies in the industrial sector in industrialized countries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy efficiency. Among industries included are cement, pulp and paper and plasticenergy efficiency in industry. Achievements: Production standards have been set for the engineering, plastics,

Galitsky, Christina; Price, Lynn; Worrell, Ernst

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z