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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inductively coupled plasma-atomic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

Preconcentration of Heavy Metals in Urine and Quantification by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry...inductively coupled plasma spectrometer (se- quential plasma Model 40, Perkin Elmer...employed a 40.78 MHz radiofrequency source...dried in a dust-free atmosphere. Methods was no interference......

M. López-Artíguez; A. Cameán; M. Repetto

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Methods for detecting and correcting inaccurate results in inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for detecting and correcting inaccurate results in inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry (ICP-AES). ICP-AES analysis is performed across a plurality of selected locations in the plasma on an unknown sample, collecting the light intensity at one or more selected wavelengths of one or more sought-for analytes, creating a first dataset. The first dataset is then calibrated with a calibration dataset creating a calibrated first dataset curve. If the calibrated first dataset curve has a variability along the location within the plasma for a selected wavelength, errors are present. Plasma-related errors are then corrected by diluting the unknown sample and performing the same ICP-AES analysis on the diluted unknown sample creating a calibrated second dataset curve (accounting for the dilution) for the one or more sought-for analytes. The cross-over point of the calibrated dataset curves yields the corrected value (free from plasma related errors) for each sought-for analyte.

Chan, George C. Y. (Bloomington, IN); Hieftje, Gary M. (Bloomington, IN)

2010-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

3

Low-Cost, Modular Electrothermal Vaporization System for Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this investigation, commercially available tungsten filaments were employed to electrothermally vaporize liquid samples prior to their introduction into an inductively coupled...

Levine, Keith; Wagner, Karl A; Jones, Bradley T

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Electrochemical frequency modulation and inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy methods for monitoring corrosion rates and inhibition of low alloy steel corrosion in \\{HCl\\} solutions and a test for validity of the Tafel extrapolation method  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The inhibition effect of glycine (Gly) towards the corrosion of low alloy steel ASTM A213 grade T22 boiler steel was studied in aerated stagnant 0.50 M \\{HCl\\} solutions in the temperature range 20–60 °C using potentiodynamic polarization (Tafel polarization and linear polarization) and impedance techniques, complemented with scanning electron microscope (SEM) and energy dispersive X-ray (EDX). Electrochemical frequency modulation (EFM), a non-destructive corrosion measurement technique that can directly give values of corrosion current without prior knowledge of Tafel constants, is also presented here. Experimental corrosion rates determined by the Tafel extrapolation method are compared with corrosion rates obtained by electrochemical, namely EFM technique, and chemical (i.e., non-electrochemical) method for steel in HCl. The chemical method of confirmation of the corrosion rates involved determination of the dissolved cation, using ICP-AES (inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry) method of analysis. Corrosion rates (in mm y?1) obtained from the electrochemical (Tafel extrapolation and EFM) and the chemical method, ICP, are in a good agreement. Polarization studies have shown that Gly is a good “green”, mixed-type inhibitor with cathodic predominance. The inhibition process was attributed to the formation of an adsorbed film on the metal surface that protects the metal against corrosive agents. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersion X-ray (EDX) examinations of the electrode surface confirmed the existence of such an adsorbed film. The inhibition efficiency increases with increase in Gly concentration, while it decreases with solution temperature. Temkin isotherm is successfully applied to describe the adsorption process. Thermodynamic functions for the adsorption process were determined.

Mohammed A. Amin; Sayed S. Abd El Rehim; Hesham T.M. Abdel-Fatah

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Bringing part of the lab to the field: On-site chromium speciation in seawater by electrodeposition of Cr(III)/Cr(VI) on portable coiled-filament assemblies and measurement in the lab by electrothermal, near-torch vaporization sample introduction and inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A field-deployable electrochemical approach to preconcentration, matrix clean up and selective electrodeposition of Cr(III) and Cr(III) + Cr(VI) in seawater is described. Using portable, battery-operated electrochemical instrumentation, Cr species in seawater were electrodeposited in the field on portable coiled-filament assemblies made from Re. Assemblies with dried residues of Cr(III) or Cr(III) + Cr(VI) on them were transported to the lab for concentration determination by electrothermal, near-torch vaporization (NTV) sample introduction and inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry (ICP-AES). Electrodeposition offers selective species deposition, preconcentration and matrix clean up from seawater samples. For selective deposition, free Cr(VI) was electrodeposited at ? 0.3 V and Cr(III) + Cr(VI) at ? 1.6 V (both vs Ag/AgCl). Interestingly, at 0 V (vs Ag/AgCl) and in the absence of an electrodeposition potential only Cr(VI) was spontaneously and selectively adsorbed on the coil and reasons for this are given. Due to preconcentration afforded by electrodeposition, the detection limits obtained after a 60 s electrodeposition at the voltages stated above using buffered (pH = 4.7) artificial seawater spiked with either Cr(III) or Cr(VI) were 20 pg/mL for Cr(III) and 10 pg/mL for Cr(VI). For comparison, the detection limit for Cr obtained by pipetting directly on the coil 5 ?L of diluted standard solution was 500 pg/mL, thus it was concluded that electrodeposition offered 40 to 60 fold improvements. Matrix clean up is required due to the high salt content of seawater and this was addressed by simply rinsing the coil with 18.2 M? water without any loss of Cr species. Reasons for this are provided. The method was validated in the lab using buffered artificial seawater and it was used in the field for the first time by sampling seawater, buffering it and immediately electrodepositing Cr species on portable assemblies on-site. Electrodeposition in the field addressed species transformation during sample pre-treatment. Such transformations occur due to sample acidification and may take place during transport and possibly storage prior to analysis. Thus, electrodeposition in the field is more reflective of Cr species concentration at the environmental conditions (e.g., temperature) at the time of sampling. It also opens up the possibility for shipping to the lab portable assemblies with Cr species on them rather than shipping large volumes of sample to the lab, thus also reducing shipping, handling and storage costs.

Hamid R. Badiei; Jennifer McEnaney; Vassili Karanassios

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Capacitively-coupled inductive sensor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A capacitively coupled inductive shunt current sensor which utilizes capacitive coupling between flanges having an annular inductive channel formed therein. A voltage dividing capacitor is connected between the coupling capacitor and ground to provide immediate capacitive division of the output signal so as to provide a high frequency response of the current pulse to be detected. The present invention can be used in any desired outer conductor such as the outer conductor of a coaxial transmission line, the outer conductor of an electron beam transmission line, etc.

Ekdahl, Carl A. (Albuquerque, NM)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Laser sampling system for an inductively-coupled atomic emission spectrometer. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A laser sampling system was attached to a Perkin Elmer Optima 3000 inductively-coupled plasma, atomic emission spectrometer that was already installed and operating in the Chemistry and Geochemistry Department at the Colorado School of Mines. The use of the spectrometer has been highly successful. Graduate students and faculty from at least four different departments across the CSM campus have used the instrument. The final report to NSF is appended to this final report. Appendices are included which summarize several projects utilizing this instrument: acquisition of an inductively-coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometer for the geochemistry program; hydrogen damage susceptibility assessment for high strength steel weldments through advanced hydrogen content analysis, 1996 and 1997 annual reports; and methods for determination of hydrogen distribution in high strength steel welds.

NONE

1998-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

8

Determination of metals in heavy oil residues by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A method is proposed for the sample preparation of heavy oil residues characterized by viscosity of more than 700 mm2/sec at 100°C to study their elemental composition. It is shown that a wide range of elements c...

T. A. Maryutina; N. S. Musina

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Starter for inductively coupled plasma tube  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A starter assembly is provided for use with an inductively coupled plasma (ICP) tube to reliably initiate a plasma at internal pressures above about 30 microns. A conductive probe is inserted within the inductor coil about the tube and insulated from the tube shield assembly. A capacitive circuit is arranged for momentarily connecting a high voltage radio-frequency generator to the probe while simultaneously energizing the coil. When the plasma is initiated the probe is disconnected from the generator and electrically connected to the shield assembly for operation. 1 fig.

Hull, D.E.; Bieniewski, T.M.

1988-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

10

Plasma atomic layer etching using conventional plasma equipment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The decrease in feature sizes in microelectronics fabrication will soon require plasma etching processes having atomic layer resolution. The basis of plasma atomic layer etching (PALE) is forming a layer of passivation that allows the underlying substrate material to be etched with lower activation energy than in the absence of the passivation. The subsequent removal of the passivation with carefully tailored activation energy then removes a single layer of the underlying material. If these goals are met, the process is self-limiting. A challenge of PALE is the high cost of specialized equipment and slow processing speed. In this work, results from a computational investigation of PALE will be discussed with the goal of demonstrating the potential of using conventional plasma etching equipment having acceptable processing speeds. Results will be discussed using inductively coupled and magnetically enhanced capacitively coupled plasmas in which nonsinusoidal waveforms are used to regulate ion energies to optimize the passivation and etch steps. This strategy may also enable the use of a single gas mixture, as opposed to changing gas mixtures between steps.

Agarwal, Ankur; Kushner, Mark J. [Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of Illinois, 600 S. Mathews Ave., Urbana, Illinois 61801 (United States); Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, University of Michigan, 1301 Beal Ave., Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-2122 (United States)

2009-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

11

Inductively coupled plasma chemistry examinations with visible acousto-optic tunable filter hyperspectral imaging{  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to be a powerful tool for plasma chemistry research. Introduction Inductively coupled plasma optical emission

Duffin, Kirk

12

Plasma abatement of perfluorocompounds in inductively coupled plasma reactors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Plasma abatement of perfluorocompounds in inductively coupled plasma reactors Xudong ``Peter'' Xu PFCs , gases which have large global warming potentials, are widely used in plasma processing, the effluents from plasma tools using these gases typically have large mole fractions of PFCs. The use of plasma

Kushner, Mark

13

Determination of boron isotope ratios in geological materials by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Determination of boron isotope ratios in geological materials by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry ... Isotope dilution analysis using flow injection inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry was applied to determine low boron contents in iron and steel samples. ...

D. Conrad Gregoire

1987-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Coupling effects in inductive discharges with radio frequency substrate biasing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Low pressure inductively coupled plasmas (ICP) operated in neon at 27.12 MHz with capacitive substrate biasing (CCP) at 13.56 MHz are investigated by phase resolved optical emission spectroscopy, voltage, and current measurements. Three coupling mechanisms are found potentially limiting the separate control of ion energy and flux: (i) Sheath heating due to the substrate biasing affects the electron dynamics even at high ratios of ICP to CCP power. At fixed CCP power, (ii) the substrate sheath voltage and (iii) the amplitude as well as frequency of plasma series resonance oscillations of the RF current are affected by the ICP power.

Schulze, J.; Schuengel, E.; Czarnetzki, U.

2012-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

15

Determination of Boron in Coal Using Closed-Vessel Microwave Digestion and Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Previous studies indicate that boron in coal has been mostly determined by atomic emission spectroscopy (AES) or inductively coupled plasma–atomic emission spectrometry (ICP-AES). ... The results (Figure 1) indicated that a 2% ammonia solution can effectively eliminate the boron memory effect and reduce boron signals to blank levels (within 120 s), similar to analytical results obtained by Al-Ammar et al.(54) and Huang et al.(55) The boron memory effect is not attributed to the skimmer, sampler, or other mass spectrometer components, but originates from the tendency of boron to volatilize as boric acid from the sample solution that covers the inside surface of the ICP-MS spray chamber. ... Using different online additions of internal standard solutions, the observed boron concentrations based on the 10B and 11B spectral lines are close to each other, indicating that the observed boron concentrations based on the two isotope spectral lines are both suitable for determination of boron in coal. ...

Shifeng Dai; Weijiao Song; Lei Zhao; Xiao Li; James C. Hower; Colin R. Ward; Peipei Wang; Tian Li; Xin Zheng; Vladimir V. Seredin; Panpan Xie; Qingqian Li

2014-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

16

Modeling inductively coupled plasmas: The coil current boundary condition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In modeling inductively coupled plasmas the boundary condition for the electromagnetic field equations can be treated by specifying either the current in the induction coil or the total power dissipated in the plasma. This paper presents a method for using the coil current boundary condition. An advantage of using the coil current boundary condition is that coil current unlike plasma power dissipation is easily measured; in this approach the plasma power dissipation is an outcome of the calculation. The results of sample calculations are presented covering a range of coil currents from 59 to 110 A. The conditions of the calculations correspond to experimental argon plasmas at atmospheric pressure and at 3.0 MHz frequency. The calculated isotherms are in good qualitative agreement with photographs of the laboratory plasmas.

Benjamin W. Yu; Steven L. Girshick

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Method of processing materials using an inductively coupled plasma  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of processing materials. The invention enables ultrafine, ultrapure powders to be formed from solid ingots in a gas free environment. A plasma is formed directly from an ingot which insures purity. The vaporized material is expanded through a nozzle and the resultant powder settles on a cold surface. An inductively coupled plasma may also be used to process waste chemicals. Noxious chemicals are directed through a series of plasma tubes, breaking molecular bonds and resulting in relatively harmless atomic constituents. 3 figs.

Hull, D.E.; Bieniewski, T.M.

1987-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

18

Thin film coating process using an inductively coupled plasma  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Thin coatings of normally solid materials are applied to target substrates using an inductively coupled plasma. Particles of the coating material are vaporized by plasma heating, and pass through an orifice to a first vacuum zone in which the particles are accelerated to a velocity greater than Mach 1. The shock wave generated in the first vacuum zone is intercepted by the tip of a skimmer cone that provides a second orifice. The particles pass through the second orifice into a second zone maintained at a higher vacuum and impinge on the target to form the coating. Ultrapure coatings can be formed.

Kniseley, Richard N. (Ames, IA); Schmidt, Frederick A. (Ames, IA); Merkle, Brian D. (Ames, IA)

1990-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

19

Effect of capacitive coupling in a miniature inductively coupled plasma source  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Two-dimensional axisymmetric particle-in-cell simulations with a Monte Carlo collision algorithm (PIC-MCC) have been conducted to investigate the effect of capacitive coupling in a miniature inductively coupled plasma source (mICP) by using two models: an inductive model and a hybrid model. The mICP is 3 mm in radius and 6 mm in height with a three-turn planar coil, where argon plasma is sustained. In the inductive model, the coil is assumed to be electrostatically shielded, and thus the discharge is purely inductive coupling. In the hybrid model, we assume that the different turns of the coil act like electrodes in capacitive discharge to include the effect of capacitive coupling. The voltage applied to these electrodes decreases linearly from the powered end of the coil towards the grounded end. The numerical analysis has been performed for rf frequencies in the range of 100-1000 MHz, and the power absorbed by the plasma in the range of 5-50 mW at a fixed pressure of 500 mTorr. The PIC-MCC results show that potential oscillations at the plasma-dielectric interface are not negligible, and thus the major component of the absorbed power is caused by the axial motion of electrons in the hybrid model, although almost all of the power absorption is due to the azimuthal motion of electrons in the inductive model. The effect of capacitive coupling is more significant at lower rf frequencies and at higher absorbed powers under the calculation conditions examined. Moreover, much less coil currents are required in the hybrid model.

Takao, Yoshinori; Eriguchi, Koji; Ono, Kouichi [Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Graduate School of Engineering, Kyoto University, Yoshida-Honmachi, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8501 (Japan)

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

E-Print Network 3.0 - argon inductively coupled Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

flow (Fig. 1a) an inductively coupled RF discharge can be stabilized inside a cooled tube (1... axial jet (right side). 1, quartz tube; 2, induction coil; 3, skin layer; 4, ......

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inductively coupled plasma-atomic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Electron energy distributions in a magnetized inductively coupled plasma  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Optimizing and controlling electron energy distributions (EEDs) is a continuing goal in plasma materials processing as EEDs determine the rate coefficients for electron impact processes. There are many strategies to customize EEDs in low pressure inductively coupled plasmas (ICPs), for example, pulsing and choice of frequency, to produce the desired plasma properties. Recent experiments have shown that EEDs in low pressure ICPs can be manipulated through the use of static magnetic fields of sufficient magnitudes to magnetize the electrons and confine them to the electromagnetic skin depth. The EED is then a function of the local magnetic field as opposed to having non-local properties in the absence of the magnetic field. In this paper, EEDs in a magnetized inductively coupled plasma (mICP) sustained in Ar are discussed with results from a two-dimensional plasma hydrodynamics model. Results are compared with experimental measurements. We found that the character of the EED transitions from non-local to local with application of the static magnetic field. The reduction in cross-field mobility increases local electron heating in the skin depth and decreases the transport of these hot electrons to larger radii. The tail of the EED is therefore enhanced in the skin depth and depressed at large radii. Plasmas densities are non-monotonic with increasing pressure with the external magnetic field due to transitions between local and non-local kinetics.

Song, Sang-Heon, E-mail: ssongs@umich.edu, E-mail: Sang-Heon.Song@us.tel.com [Department of Nuclear Engineering and Radiological Sciences, University of Michigan, 2355 Bonisteel Boulevard, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-2104 (United States); Yang, Yang, E-mail: yang-yang@amat.com [Applied Materials Inc., 974 E. Arques Avenue, M/S 81312, Sunnyvale, California 94085 (United States); Chabert, Pascal, E-mail: pascal.chabert@lpp.polytechnique.fr [LPP, CNRS, Ecole Polytechnique, UPMC, Paris XI, 91128 Palaiseau (France); Kushner, Mark J., E-mail: mjkush@umich.edu [Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, University of Michigan, 1301 Beal Avenue, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-2122 (United States)

2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

22

Uncertainty Measurement for Trace Element Analysis of Uranium and Plutonium Samples by Inductively Coupled Plasma-Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES) and Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The measurement uncertainty estimatino associated with trace element analysis of impurities in U and Pu was evaluated using the Guide to the Expression of Uncertainty Measurement (GUM). I this evalution the uncertainty sources were identified and standard uncertainties for the components were categorized as either Type A or B. The combined standard uncertainty was calculated and a coverage factor k = 2 was applied to obtain the expanded uncertainty, U. The ICP-AES and ICP-MS methods used were deveoped for the multi-element analysis of U and Pu samples. A typical analytical run consists of standards, process blanks, samples, matrix spiked samples, post digestion spiked samples and independent calibration verification standards. The uncertainty estimation was performed on U and Pu samples that have been analyzed previously as part of the U and Pu Sample Exchange Programs. Control chart results and data from the U and Pu metal exchange programs were combined with the GUM into a concentration dependent estimate of the expanded uncertainty. Comparison of trace element uncertainties obtained using this model was compared to those obtained for trace element results as part of the Exchange programs. This process was completed for all trace elements that were determined to be above the detection limit for the U and Pu samples.

Gallimore, David L. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

23

Atmospheric-Pressure Helium Inductively Coupled Plasmas for Elemental Mass Spectrometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Analytical and fundamental characteristics of helium inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (He ICPMS) were explored for atmospheric-pressure plasmas generated in a 13-mm He...

Zhang, Hao; Nam, Sang-Ho; Cai, Mingxiang; Montaser, Akbar

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Low-pressure water-cooled inductively coupled plasma torch  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An inductively coupled plasma torch is provided which comprises an inner tube, including a sample injection port to which the sample to be tested is supplied and comprising an enlarged central portion in which the plasma flame is confined; an outer tube surrounding the inner tube and containing water therein for cooling the inner tube, the outer tube including a water inlet port to which water is supplied and a water outlet port spaced from the water inlet port and from which water is removed after flowing through the outer tube; and an rf induction coil for inducing the plasma in the gas passing into the tube through the sample injection port. The sample injection port comprises a capillary tube including a reduced diameter orifice, projecting into the lower end of the inner tube. The water inlet is located at the lower end of the outer tube and the rf heating coil is disposed around the outer tube above and adjacent to the water inlet.

Seliskar, C.J.; Warner, D.K.

1984-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

25

Plasma atomic layer etching using conventional plasma equipment Ankur Agarwala  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Plasma atomic layer etching using conventional plasma equipment Ankur Agarwala Department plasma etching processes having atomic layer resolution. The basis of plasma atomic layer etching PALE will be discussed with the goal of demonstrating the potential of using conventional plasma etching equipment having

Kushner, Mark

26

A Parametric Study of Electron Extraction from a Low Frequency Inductively Coupled RF-Plasma Source  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: The electron extraction from a low-frequency (2 MHz) inductively-coupled rf-plasma cathode is characterizedA Parametric Study of Electron Extraction from a Low Frequency Inductively Coupled RF-Plasma Source and rf-plasma source, rf-power and xenon gas flow. The results demonstrate that the electron supply from

27

Direct Simulation Monte Carlo of Inductively Coupled Plasma and Comparison with Experiments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Direct Simulation Monte Carlo of Inductively Coupled Plasma and Comparison with Experiments Justine of Chemical Engineering, University of Houston, Houston, Texas 77204-4 792, USA ABSTRACT Direct simulation-density inductively coupled reactor with chlorine (electronegative) chemistry. Electron density and temperature were

Economou, Demetre J.

28

Laser Ablation Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry Measurement of Isotope Ratios in Depleted Uranium Contaminated Soils  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Laser ablation of pressed soil pellets was examined as a means of direct sample introduction to enable inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) screening of soils for...

Seltzer, Michael D

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Angular anisotropy of electron energy distributions in inductively coupled plasmas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

transferred from the radio-frequency rf electric fields to electrons within the electromagnetic skin layer The noncollisional electron transport that is typical of low-pressure 10 mTorr and low-frequency 10 MHz inductively-pressure or highly collisional plasmas, and for conditions where in- elastic collision frequencies are small compared

Kushner, Mark

30

Effectiveness of electron-cyclotron and transmission resonance heating in inductively coupled plasmas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Effectiveness of electron-cyclotron and transmission resonance heating in inductively coupled October 2005 The electron-cyclotron and transmission resonances in magnetically enhanced low-pressure one. It is shown that, for a high discharge frequency, the plasma resistance is greatly enhanced at electron-cyclotron

Economou, Demetre J.

31

Deposition of TiN and HfO{sub 2} in a commercial 200 mm remote plasma atomic layer deposition reactor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors describe a remote plasma atomic layer deposition reactor (Oxford Instruments FlexAL trade mark sign ) that includes an inductively coupled plasma source and a load lock capable of handling substrates up to 200 mm in diameter. The deposition of titanium nitride (TiN) and hafnium oxide (HfO{sub 2}) is described for the combination of the metal-halide precursor TiCl{sub 4} and H{sub 2}-N{sub 2} plasma and the combination of the metallorganic precursor Hf[N(CH{sub 3})(C{sub 2}H{sub 5})]{sub 4} and O{sub 2} plasma, respectively. The influence of the plasma exposure time and substrate temperature has been studied and compositional, structural, and electrical properties are reported. TiN films with a low Cl impurity content were obtained at 350 deg. C at a growth rate of 0.35 A /cycle with an electrical resistivity as low as 150 {mu}{omega} cm. Carbon-free (detection limit <2 at. %) HfO{sub 2} films were obtained at a growth rate of 1.0 A /cycle at 290 deg. C. The thickness and resisitivity nonuniformity was <5% for the TiN and the thickness uniformality was <2% for the HfO{sub 2} films as determined over 200 mm wafers.

Heil, S. B. S.; Hemmen, J. L. van; Hodson, C. J.; Singh, N.; Klootwijk, J. H.; Roozeboom, F.; Sanden, M. C. M. van de; Kessels, W. M. M. [Department of Applied Physics, Eindhoven University of Technology, P.O. Box 513, 5600 MB Eindhoven (Netherlands); Oxford Instruments Plasma Technology, North End, Yatton BS49 4AP (United Kingdom); Philips Research Laboratories, High Tech Campus 4, 5656 AE Eindhoven (Netherlands); NXP Semiconductors Research, High Tech Campus 4, 5656 AE Eindhoven (Netherlands); Department of Applied Physics, Eindhoven University of Technology, P.O. Box 513, 5600 MB Eindhoven (Netherlands)

2007-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

32

Online YPA4 Resin Microcolumn Separation/Preconcentration Coupled with Inductively Coupled Plasma Optical Emission Spectrometry (ICP-OES) for the Speciation Analysis of Mercury in Seafood  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Online YPA4 Resin Microcolumn Separation/Preconcentration Coupled with Inductively Coupled Plasma Optical Emission Spectrometry (ICP-OES) for the Speciation Analysis of Mercury in Seafood ... The developed method was applied to the determination of mercury species in real seafoods with satisfactory results. ...

Chaomei Xiong; Bin Hu

2007-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

33

TEST OF THE PERFORMANCE AND CHARACTERISTICS OF A PROTOTYPE INDUCTIVE POWER COUPLING FOR ELECTRIC HIGHWAY SYSTEMS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

change method Motor·generator Induction 1760 rpm 230, 3The generator was belt driven by a 15 hp induction motor.

Bolger, J.G.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Standard test method for isotopic abundance analysis of uranium hexa?uoride and uranyl nitrate solutions by multi-collector, inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Standard test method for isotopic abundance analysis of uranium hexa?uoride and uranyl nitrate solutions by multi-collector, inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry

American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Synthesis of Ozone at Atmospheric Pressure by a Quenched Induction-Coupled Plasma Torch  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The technical feasibility of using an induction-coupled plasma (ICP) torch to synthesize ozone at atmospheric pressure is explored. Ozone concentrations up to ~250 ppm were produced using a thermal plasma reactor system based on an ICP torch operating at 2.5 MHz and ~11 kVA with an argon/oxygen mixture as the plasma-forming gas. A gaseous oxygen quench formed ozone by rapid mixing of molecular oxygen with atomic oxygen produced by the torch. The ozone concentration in the reaction chamber was measured by Fourier Transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy over a wide range of experimental configurations. The geometry of the quench gas flow, the quench flow velocity, and the quench flow rate played important roles in determining the ozone concentration. The ozone concentration was sensitive to the torch RF power, but was insensitive to the torch gas flow rates. These observations are interpreted within the framework of a simple model of ozone synthesis.

A. Blutke; B.C. Stratton; D.R. Mikkelsen; J. Vavruska; R. Knight

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

A comprehensive study of different gases in inductively coupled plasma torch operating at one atmosphere  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A numerical study is done to understand the possible operating regimes of RF-ICP torch (3?MHz 50?kW) using different gases for plasma formation at atmospheric pressure. A two dimensional numerical simulation of RF-ICP torch using argon nitrogen oxygen and air as plasma gas has been investigated using computational fluid dynamic (CFD) software fluent©. The operating parameters varied here are central gas flow sheath gas flow RF-power dissipated in plasma and plasma gas. The temperature contours flow field axial and radial velocity profiles were investigated under different operating conditions. The plasmaresistance inductance of the torch and the heat distribution for various plasma gases have also been investigated. The plasma impedance of ICP torch varies with different operating parameters and plays an important role for RF oscillator design and power coupling. These studies will be useful to decide the design criteria for ICP torches required for different material processing applications.

Sangeeta B. Punjabi; N. K. Joshi; H. A. Mangalvedekar; B. K. Lande; A. K. Das; D. C. Kothari

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Inductively Coupled Plasma: Fundamental Particle Investigations with Laser Ablation and Applications in Magnetic Sector Mass Spectrometry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Particle size effects and elemental fractionation in laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) are investigated with nanosecond and femtosecond laser ablation, differential mobility analysis, and magnetic sector ICP-MS. Laser pulse width was found to have a significant influence on the LA particle size distribution and the elemental composition of the aerosol and thus fractionation. Emission from individual particles from solution nebulization, glass, and a pressed powder pellet are observed with high speed digital photography. The presence of intact particles in an ICP is shown to be a likely source of fractionation. A technique for the online detection of stimulated elemental release from neural tissue using magnetic sector ICP-MS is described. Detection limits of 1 {micro}g L{sup -1} or better were found for P, Mn, Fe, Cu, and Zn in a 60 {micro}L injection in a physiological saline matrix.

Nathan Joe Saetveit

2008-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

38

Apparatus having inductively coupled coaxial coils for measuring buildup of slay or ash in a furnace  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The buildup of slag or ash on the interior surface of a furnace wall is monitored by disposing two coils to form a transformer which is secured adjacent to the inside surface of the furnace wall. The inductive coupling between the two coils of the transformer is affected by the presence of oxides of iron in the slag or ash which is adjacent to the transformer, and the application of a voltage to one winding produces a voltage at the other winding that is related to the thickness of the slag or ash buildup on the inside surface of the furnace wall. The output of the other winding is an electrical signal which can be used to control an alarm or the like or provide an indication of the thickness of the slag or ash buildup at a remote location.

Mathur, Mahendra P. (Pittsburgh, PA); Ekmann, James M. (Bethel Park, PA)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Atlas of Atomic Spectral Lines of Neptunium Emitted by Inductively Coupled Plasma  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Optical emission spectra from high-purity Np-237 were generated with a glovebox-enclosed inductively coupled plasma (ICP) source. Spectra covering the 230-700 nm wavelength range are presented along with general commentary on the methodology used in collecting the data. The Ames Laboratory Nuclear Safeguards and Security Program has been charged with the task of developing optical spectroscopic methods to analyze the composition of spent nuclear fuels. Such materials are highly radioactive even after prolonged 'cooling' and are chemically complex. Neptunium (Np) is a highly toxic by-product of nuclear power generation and is found, in low abundance, in spent nuclear fuels. This atlas of the optical emission spectrum of Np, as produced by an inductively coupled plasma (ICP) spectroscopic source, is part of a general survey of the ICP emission spectra of the actinide elements. The ICP emission spectrum of the actinides originates almost exclusively from the electronic relaxation of excited, singly ionized species. Spectral data on the Np ion emission spectrum (i.e., the Np II spectrum) have been reported by Tomkins and Fred [1] and Haaland [2]. Tomkins and Fred excited the Np II spectrum with a Cu spark discharge and identified 114 Np lines in the 265.5 - 436.3 nm spectral range. Haaland, who corrected some spectral line misidentifications in the work of Tomkins and Fred, utilized an enclosed Au spark discharge to excite the Np II spectrum and reported 203 Np lines within the 265.4 - 461.0 nm wavelength range.

DeKalb, E.L. and Edelson, M. C.

1987-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Determination of Depleted Uranium in Urine via Isotope Ratio Measurements Using Large-Bore Direct Injection High Efficiency Nebulizer–Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS), coupled with a large-bore direct injection high efficiency nebulizer (LB-DIHEN), was utilized to determine the concentration and...

Westphal, Craig S; McLean, John A; Hakspiel, Shelly J; Jackson, William E; McClain, David E; Montaser, Akbar

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inductively coupled plasma-atomic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Separation Of Uranium And Plutonium Isotopes For Measurement By Multi Collector Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectroscopy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Uranium (U) and plutonium (Pu) isotopes in coral soils, contaminated by nuclear weapons testing in the northern Marshall Islands, were isolated by ion-exchange chromatography and analyzed by mass spectrometry. The soil samples were spiked with {sup 233}U and {sup 242}Pu tracers, dissolved in minerals acids, and U and Pu isotopes isolated and purified on commercially available ion-exchange columns. The ion-exchange technique employed a TEVA{reg_sign} column coupled to a UTEVA{reg_sign} column. U and Pu isotope fractions were then further isolated using separate elution schemes, and the purified fractions containing U and Pu isotopes analyzed sequentially using multi-collector inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer (MCICP-MS). High precision measurements of {sup 234}U/{sup 235}U, {sup 238}U/{sup 235}U, {sup 236}U/{sup 235}U, and {sup 240}Pu/{sup 239}Pu in soil samples were attained using the described methodology and instrumentation, and provide a basis for conducting more detailed assessments of the behavior and transfer of uranium and plutonium in the environment.

Martinelli, R E; Hamilton, T F; Williams, R W; Kehl, S R

2009-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

42

FIRST STEP IN THEORETICAL APPROACH IN STUDY OF MARS AND TITAN ATMOSPHERES WITH AN INDUCTIVELY COUPLED PLASMA TORCH  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with several ESA test cases. One concerns the ICP torch at atmospheric pressure. The plasma can be consideredFIRST STEP IN THEORETICAL APPROACH IN STUDY OF MARS AND TITAN ATMOSPHERES WITH AN INDUCTIVELY COUPLED PLASMA TORCH André P.(1) , Clain S. (2) , Dudeck M.(3) , Izrar B.(4) , Rochette D.(1) , Touzani R

43

Polymer film deposition in inductively coupled radio-frequency discharge plasma of perfluorocyclobutane mixed with sulfur hexafluoride  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The effect of an SF6...admixture on the rate of formation and the composition of a polymer film deposited on a substrate in low-pressure inductively coupled radiofrequency (RF) discharge plasma of C4F8 + SF6 unde...

I. I. Amirov; N. V. Alov

44

Fundamental and methodological investigations for the improvement of elemental analysis by inductively coupled plasma mass soectrometry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This dissertation describes a variety of studies meant to improve the analytical performance of inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) and laser ablation (LA) ICP-MS. The emission behavior of individual droplets and LA generated particles in an ICP is studied using a high-speed, high frame rate digital camera. Phenomena are observed during the ablation of silicate glass that would cause elemental fractionation during analysis by ICP-MS. Preliminary work for ICP torch developments specifically tailored for the improvement of LA sample introduction are presented. An abnormal scarcity of metal-argon polyatomic ions (MAr{sup +}) is observed during ICP-MS analysis. Evidence shows that MAr{sup +} ions are dissociated by collisions with background gas in a shockwave near the tip of the skimmer cone. Method development towards the improvement of LA-ICP-MS for environmental monitoring is described. A method is developed to trap small particles in a collodion matrix and analyze each particle individually by LA-ICP-MS.

Ebert, Christopher Hysjulien [Ames Laboratory

2012-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

45

Improving boron isotope ratio measurement precision with quadrupole inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A method was developed to improve the precision of inductively coupled plasma quadrupole mass spectrometry (ICP-QMS) for the determination of boron isotope ratios (11B/10B) in various environmental materials including seawater. This approach is based on the common analyte internal standardization (CAIS) chemometric algorithm. The sample solution obtained after digestion is spiked with lithium, and both 7Li/6Li and 11B/10B values are measured using long-counting periods (20 min). The CAIS algorithm corrects the measured 11B/10B values for (a) statistical fluctuations resulting from short-term noise; (b) drift in 11B-to-10B ratio as a result of long-term deviation in instrumental parameters likely to occur during long counting times; (c) change in 11B-to-10B ratio caused by variation in matrix elements concentrations; and (d) drift in mass bias correction factor. Comparing boron isotopic ratios in seawater measured by conventional and the new isotope ratio methods validates the procedure. A synthetic isotopic mixture of boron SRM 951 and enriched 10B SRM 952 also was examined. The CAIS method provided a measured boron isotopic ratio precision of 0.05% R.S.D. while eliminating 5.1% matrix concentration error and 0.25% instrumental drift error.

Assad Al-Ammar; Eva Reitznerová; Ramon M. Barnes

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

On anomalous temporal evolution of gas pressure in inductively coupled plasma  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The temporal measurement of gas pressure in inductive coupled plasma revealed that there is an interesting anomalous evolution of gas pressure in the early stage of plasma ignition and extinction: a sudden gas pressure change and its relaxation of which time scales are about a few seconds and a few tens of second, respectively, were observed after plasma ignition and extinction. This phenomenon can be understood as a combined result between the neutral heating effect induced by plasma and the pressure relaxation effect for new gas temperature. The temporal measurement of gas temperature by laser Rayleigh scattering and the time dependant calculations for the neutral heating and pressure relaxation are in good agreement with our experimental results. This result and physics behind are expected to provide a new operational perspective of the recent plasma processes of which time is very short, such as a plasma enhanced atomic layer deposition/etching, a soft etch for disposal of residual by-products on wafer, and light oxidation process in semiconductor manufacturing.

Seo, B. H.; Chang, H. Y. [Department of Physics, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Daejeon 305-701 (Korea, Republic of)] [Department of Physics, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Daejeon 305-701 (Korea, Republic of); You, S. J.; Kim, J. H.; Seong, D. J. [Center for Vacuum Technology, Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science, Daejeon 305-306 (Korea, Republic of)] [Center for Vacuum Technology, Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science, Daejeon 305-306 (Korea, Republic of)

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Determination of long-lived actinides in soil leachates by inductively coupled plasma: Mass spectrometry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Inductively coupled plasma -- mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) was used to concurrently determine multiple long-lived (t{sub 1/2} > 10{sup 4} y) actinide isotopes in soil samples. Ultrasonic nebulization was found to maximize instrument sensitivity. Instrument detection limits for actinides in solution ranged from 50 mBq L{sup {minus}1} ({sup 239}Pu) to 2 {mu}Bq L{sup {minus}1} ({sup 235}U) Hydride adducts of {sup 232}Th and {sup 238}U interfered with the determinations of {sup 233}U and {sup 239} Pu; thus, extraction chromatography was, used to eliminate the sample matrix, concentrate the analytes, and separate uranium from the other actinides. Alpha spectrometric determinations of {sup 230}Th, {sup 239}Pu, and the {sup 234}U/{sup 238}U activity ratio in soil leachates compared well with ICP-MS determinations; however, there were some small systematic differences (ca. 10%) between ICP-MS and a-spectrometric determinations of {sup 234}U and {sup 238}U activities.

Crain, J.S.; Smith, L.L.; Yaeger, J.S.; Alvarado, J.A.

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Abstract--A reliable lumped parameters model for an Inductive Coupling Device (ICD) is necessary for many reasons,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Transcutaneous Energy Transmitters (TETs) [1], Induction Cookers, etc., are devices which use inductive link

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

49

Innovative Carbon Dioxide Sequestration from Flue Gas Using an In-Duct Scrubber Coupled with Alkaline Clay Mineralization  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Innovative Carbon Dioxide Sequestration Innovative Carbon Dioxide Sequestration from Flue Gas Using an In-Duct Scrubber Coupled with Alkaline Clay Mineralization Background The United States Department of Energy (DOE) is leading an effort to find novel approaches to reduce carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) emissions from industrial sources. The Industrial Carbon Capture and Sequestration (ICCS) program is funded by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) to encourage development of processes that

50

A spectral Galerkin method for the coupled Orr-Sommerfeld and induction equations for free-surface MHD  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We develop and test spectral Galerkin schemes to solve the coupled Orr-Sommerfeld and induction equations for parallel, incompressible MHD in free-surface and fixed-boundary geometries. The schemes' discrete bases consist of Legendre internal shape functions, ... Keywords: 65L15, 65L60, 76E05, 76E17, 76E25, Eigenvalue problems, Free-surface MHD, Hydrodynamic stability, Orr-Sommerfeld equations, Spectral Galerkin method

Dimitrios Giannakis; Paul F. Fischer; Robert Rosner

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Nonlocal collisionless power absorption using effective viscosity model in inductively coupled plasma discharges  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Effective viscosity model for inductively coupled plasma (ICP) discharges has been used to calculate the power absorbed inside ICP discharges. It is found that it can be used to calculate collisionless heating, which is a warm plasma effect. The validity of effective viscosity model has been checked by comparing it with kinetic model for warm ICP discharges. For very small plasma lengths, the results of both models are the same. At intermediate lengths where bounce resonance heating is important, results of the two models are not the same. Bounce resonance length given by effective viscosity model does not match very well with that given by the kinetic model. It shows that bounce resonance heating cannot be taken care of accurately using the effective viscosity model. For large plasma length, when driving frequencies are low, power absorbed calculated using the kinetic model is more than that calculated by the effective viscosity model. For high driving frequencies, power absorbed calculated using the kinetic model is less than that calculated by the effective viscosity model. The best match between the results of two models (for large plasma length) is obtained if the combination of plasma density, electron temperature, driving frequency, and speed of light is such that the relation K={omega}{sub p}v{sub th}/{omega}c{approx_equal}1 holds. It is concluded that computationally less extensive effective viscosity model can be used to estimate power absorption in ICP discharges by calibrating it with the help of computationally intensive kinetic model. Once calibration is done a lot of computational effort can be avoided by using effective viscosity model instead of kinetic model.

Aman-ur-Rehman, [Pakistan Institute of Engineering and Applied Sciences, P.O. Nilore, Islamabad 45650 (Pakistan); Lee, J. K. [Department of Electronic and Electrical Engineering, Pohang University of Science and Technology, Pohang 790-784 (Korea, Republic of)

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

52

Investigation of magnetic-pole-enhanced inductively coupled nitrogen-argon plasmas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This article presented the features of the mixed mode and H mode in magnetic pole enhanced, inductively coupled Ar-N{sub 2} plasmas using RF-compensated Langmuir probe measurements. To fully characterize plasma parameters and electron energy probability functions (EEPFs), the gas pressure and argon content were varied. It was observed that with increasing the nitrogen content and gas pressure, the critical RF power to sustain H mode increases; this increase was more prominent for pure nitrogen discharge at higher pressure. The electron number density (n{sub e}) shows increasing trend with increasing RF power, while at higher gas pressures, the electron number density decreases at fixed RF power. Mostly, the EEPFs show a Maxwellian distribution even at low RF power (for higher argon content in the discharge) and at moderate RF power (for higher or pure nitrogen content in the discharge) for pressures of 15-60 mTorr. With increasing the nitrogen content in the mixture, the low energy part of the EEPF is more Druyvesteyn with a distorted high energy tail at low RF power. At fixed RF power, the slope of EEPF changes sharply with increasing pressure. It was observed that in hybrid mode, the EEPF at higher gas pressure (75 mTorr) in a pure nitrogen discharge shows a flat hole near the average electron energy of 3 eV and changes to Maxwellian distribution in H mode. The skin depth versus RF power shows that the skin depth is smaller than the critical dimension of the chamber, regardless of the gas type and the gas pressure.

Jan, F.; Zakaullah, M. [Department of Physics, Quaid-i-Azam University Islamabad, Islamabad 45320 (Pakistan); Khan, A. W.; Saeed, A. [National Centre for Physics, Quaid-i-Azam University Campus Islamabad, Islamabad 45320 (Pakistan)

2012-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

53

Analysis of atmospheric particular matter and water using atomic emission spectrometry with inductively-coupled plasma and two-jet plasmatron  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A method for the atomic emission spectrometric analysis of air and water with inductively coupled and two-jet direct current plasmas has been developed. The method has been applied to the determination of impu...

I. G. Yudelevich; B. I. Zaksas…

54

TEST OF THE PERFORMANCE AND CHARACTERISTICS OF A PROTOTYPE INDUCTIVE POWER COUPLING FOR ELECTRIC HIGHWAY SYSTEMS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

18. Electrical characteristics of the coupling vs pickup20. Electrical characteristics of the coupling vs frequency.various offsets vs pickup voltage. C. Electrical Tests The

Bolger, J.G.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Optical and electrical characterization of pulse-modulated argon atmospheric-pressure inductively coupled microplasma jets  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The critical parameters determining the generation of the pulse-modulated argon atmospheric-pressure inductively coupled plasma (AP-ICP) microjet were studied by varying the power, P, pulse-modulation frequency, f, and duty ratio, DR. The temporal changes in the net output power, P{sub net}, monitored between the very high frequency power supply and matching network by an rf sampler, and ArI 4s{sup '}[1/2]{sub 1}{sup O}-4p{sup '}[1/2]{sub 0} emission from the antenna were measured to elucidate the behavior of this plasma. The AP-ICP microjet, which produces high-density (0.9-1.1x10{sup 15} cm{sup -3}) nonequilibrium plasma, consists of an alumina discharge tube with the inner diameter of 0.8 mm. The generation diagram of the pulse-modulated plasma was created by having f as the horizontal axis and DR as the vertical axis while varying P up to 50 W. At f{<=}10 kHz, the plasma was generated at above the linear lines of f and DR, which indicated the existence of the critical power-off period of approximately 80 {mu}s. At f>10 kHz, the pulse-modulated plasma was produced above constant DR and almost independent of f. The time-averaged power, P, which is the product of P and DR, had to be more than 8-10 W to sustain the pulse-modulated plasma. From the measurement of the temporal changes in the net power and ArI emission, the dynamic behavior of the pulse-modulated plasma was revealed as follows. The prebreakdown period was present for {approx}5 {mu}s after the power was turned on. Once the plasma was generated, the impedance was changed and the reflected power gradually decreased. A strong emission peak was observed immediately after the breakdown, followed by the gradual increase up to the steady state. Finally, the intense afterpeak was observed at 0.8 {mu}s after the power was turned off.

Tajima, Satomi; Tsuchiya, Shouichi [Department of Bioengineering, Graduate School of Engineering, University of Tokyo, 2-11-16 Yayoi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656 (Japan); Matsumori, Masashi; Nakatsuka, Shigeki [Panasonic Factory Solutions Co., Ltd., 2-7 Matsuba-cho, Kadoma-city, Osaka 571-8502 (Japan); Ichiki, Takanori [Department of Bioengineering, Graduate School of Engineering, University of Tokyo, 2-11-16 Yayoi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656 (Japan); Institute of Engineering Innovation, Graduate School of Engineering, University of Tokyo, 2-11-16 Yayoi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656 (Japan)

2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

56

Continuum flow sampling mass spectrometer for elemental analysis with an inductively coupled plasma ion source  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The sampling of ions from an atmospheric pressure inductively coupled plasma for mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) with a supersonic nozzle and skimmer is shown to follow similar behavior found for neutral beam studies and for ion extraction from other plasmas and flames. In particular, highest ion beam intensity is found if the skimmer tip is close to the Mach disk and at a calculated skimming Knudsen number close to the recommended value of 1. Our ICP-MS instrument with an off-axis detector and conventional cylindrical electrostatic ion focusing in the transition flow regime gives intense count rates of 1 to 5 MHz per mg L/sup -1/ of analyte superimposed on a background of 1 to 10 kHz. The dependence of count rates for metal oxide and doubly charged ions on ICP operating parameters, and sampling interface configuration are discussed for this instrument. A simple method is described for the approximate measurement of the ion energy distribution in ICP-MS. The average ion kinetic energy, kinetic energy spread, and maximum kinetic energy are evaluated from a plot of ion signal as a function of retarding voltage applied to the quadrupole mass analyzer. The effects of plasma operating parameters on ion signals and energies are described. In particular, kinetic energy is a sensitive function of aerosol gas flow rate. This behavior is attributed to a non-thermal, possibly electrical, interaction between the plasma and the sampling interface, which is induced by the presence of the axial channel in the ICP. The interference on the ionization of cobalt by five salts, NaCl, MgCl/sub 2/, NH/sub 4/I, NH/sub 4/Br and NH/sub 4/Cl, in an ICP is first considered theoretically and subsequently the theoretical trends are established experimentally by ICP-MS. The interference trends are found to be in the order of the most easily ionized element in the matrix salt, i.e., Na > Mg > I > Br > Cl.

Olivares, J.A.

1985-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Radical kinetics in an inductively-coupled plasma in CF4  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Radiofrequency discharges in low pressure fluorocarbon gases are used for anisotropic and selective etching of dielectric materials (SiO2 and derivatives), a key step in the manufacture of integrated circuits. Plasmas in these gases are capable not only of etching, but also of depositing fluorocarbon films, depending on a number of factors including the ion bombardment energy, the gas composition and the surface temperature: this behavior is indeed responsible for etch selectivity between materials and plays a role in achieving the desired etched feature profiles. Free radical species, such as CFx and fluorine atoms, play important but complex roles in these processes. We have used laser-induced fluorescence (LIF), with time and space resolution in pulsed plasmas, to elucidate the kinetics of CF and CF2 radicals, elucidating their creation, destruction and transport mechanisms within the reactor. Whereas more complex gas mixtures are used in industrial processes, study of the relatively simple system of a pure CF4 plasma is more appropriate for the study of mechanisms. Previously the technique was applied to the study of single-frequency capacitively-coupled 'reactive ion etching' reactors, where the substrate (placed on the powered electrode) is always bombarded with high-energy CF{sub x}{sup +} ions. In this case it was found that the major source of CFx free radicals was neutralization, dissociation and backscattering of these incident ions, rather than direct dissociation of the feedstock gas. Subsequently, an inductively-coupled plasma (ICP) in pure CF4 was studied. This system has a higher plasma density, leading to higher gas dissociation, whereas the energy of ions striking the reactor surfaces is much lower (in the absence of additional RF biasing). The LIF technique also allows the gas temperature to be measured with good spatial and temporal resolution. This showed large gas temperature gradients within the ICP reactor, which must be taken into account in reactive species transport. In the ICP reactor we saw significant production of CF and CF2 radicals at the reactor top and bottom surfaces, at rates that cannot be explained by the neutralization of incident CF{sub x}{sup +} ions. These two species are also lost at very high rates in the gas phase. We postulate that these two phenomena are caused by electron-impact excitation of these radicals into low-lying metastable levels. The metastable molecules produced (that are invisible to LIF) diffuse to the reactor walls where they are quenched back to their ground state. In the afterglow the gas cools rapidly and contracts, causing gas convection. Whereas the density of the more reactive species decays monotonically in the afterglow, the density of CF2 initially increases. This is partly due to the gas contraction, bringing back CF2 (which is a relatively stable species) from the outer regions of the reactor, and partly due to chemical reactions producing CF2, as it is more thermodynamically stable than the other radical species such as CF and CF3.

Booth, J.P.; Abada, H.; Chabert, P. [Laboratoire de Physique et Technologie des Plasmas, Ecole Polytechnique, 91128 Palaiseau (France); Graves, D.B. [Dept. of Chemical Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Measurement of low radioactivity background in a high voltage cable by high resolution inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The measurement of naturally occurring low level radioactivity background in a high voltage (HV) cable by high resolution inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (HR ICP MS) is presented in this work. The measurements were performed at the Chemistry Service of the Gran Sasso National Laboratory. The contributions to the radioactive background coming from the different components of the heterogeneous material were separated. Based on the mass fraction of the cable, the whole contamination was calculated. The HR ICP MS results were cross-checked by gamma ray spectroscopy analysis that was performed at the low background facility STELLA (Sub Terranean Low Level Assay) of the LNGS underground lab using HPGe detectors.

Vacri, M. L. di; Nisi, S.; Balata, M. [Gran Sasso National Laboratory, Chemistry Service, SS 17bis km 18.910, 67100 Assergi (Aq) (Italy)] [Gran Sasso National Laboratory, Chemistry Service, SS 17bis km 18.910, 67100 Assergi (Aq) (Italy)

2013-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

59

INNER-OUTER PRECONDITIONING STRATEGY FOR 3D INDUCTANCE EXTRACTION COUPLING WITH FAST MULTIPOLE METHOD  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

frequency. The conducting volume V is discretized into elementary conductors with constant current density in each of them. If the whole current flowing into each elementary conductor (or branch) is Ib elements are DC resistance of each branch and Lb is a dense matrix of partial inductances. Expressions

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

60

Electron and Negative Ion Densities in C(2)F(6) and CHF(3) Containing Inductively Coupled Discharges  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electron and negative ion densities have been measured in inductively coupled discharges containing C{sub 2}F{sub 6} and CHF{sub 3}. Line integrated electron density was determined using a microwave interferometer, negative ion densities were inferred using laser photodetachment spectroscopy, and electron temperature was determined using a Langmuir probe. For the range of induction powers, pressures and bias power investigated, the electron density peaked at 9 x 10{sup 12} cm{sup -2} (line-integrated) or approximately 9 x 10{sup 11} cm{sup -3}. The negative ion density peaked at approximately 1.3 x 10{sup 11} cm{sup -3}. A maximum in the negative ion density as a function of induction coil power was observed. The maximum is attributed to a power dependent change in the density of one or more of the potential negative ion precursor species since the electron temperature did not depend strongly on power. The variation of photodetachment with laser wavelength indicated that the dominant negative ion was F{sup -}. Measurement of the decay of the negative ion density in the afterglow of a pulse modulated discharge was used to determine the ion-ion recombination rate for CF{sub 4}, C{sub 2}F{sub 6} and CHF{sub 3} discharges.

HEBNER,GREGORY A.; MILLER,PAUL A.

1999-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inductively coupled plasma-atomic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Simple, Inexpensive System for Controlled-Dispersion Flow Analysis in Inductively Coupled Plasma Spectrometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An inexpensive peristaltic pump has been modified for computer control and coupled to a commercial autosampler to provide completely automated sample introduction and calibration via...

Wu, Min; Ensman, Robert; Hieftje, Gary M

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Calibration of laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry using dried solution aerosols for the quantitative analysis of solid samples  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) has become the method of choice for elemental and isotopic analysis. Several factors contribute to its success. Modern instruments are capable of routine analysis at part per trillion levels with relative detection limits in part per quadrillion levels. Sensitivities in these instruments can be as high as 200 million counts per second per part per million with linear dynamic ranges up to eight orders of magnitude. With standards for only a few elements, rapid semiquantitative analysis of over 70 elements in an individual sample can be performed. Less than 20 years after its inception ICP-MS has shown to be applicable to several areas of science. These include geochemistry, the nuclear industry, environmental chemistry, clinical chemistry, the semiconductor industry, and forensic chemistry. In this introduction, the general attributes of ICP-MS will be discussed in terms of instrumentation and sample introduction. The advantages and disadvantages of current systems are presented. A detailed description of one method of sample introduction, laser ablation, is given. The paper also gives conclusions and suggestions for future work. Chapter 2, Quantitative analysis of solids by laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry using dried solution aerosols for calibration, has been removed for separate processing.

Leach, J.

1999-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

63

Cl{sub 2}-based dry etching of the AlGaInN system in inductively coupled plasmas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Cl{sub 2}-based Inductively Coupled Plasmas with low additional dc self- biases(-100V) produce convenient etch rates(500-1500 A /min) for GaN, AlN, InN, InAlN and InGaN. A systematic study of the effects of additive gas(Ar, N{sub 2}, H{sub 2}), discharge composition and ICP source power and chuck power on etch rate and surface morphology has been performed. The general trends are to go through a maximum in etch rate with percent Cl{sub 2} in the discharge for all three mixtures, and to have an increase(decrease) in etch rate with source power(pressure). Since the etching is strongly ion-assisted, anisotropic pattern transfer is readily achieved. Maximum etch selectivities of approximately 6 for InN over the other nitrides were obtained.

Cho, Hyun; Vartuli, C.B.; Abernathy, C.R.; Donovan, S.M.; Pearton, S.J. [Florida Univ., Gainesville, FL (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering; Shul, R.J.; Han, J. [Sandia National Labs., NM (United States)

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Determination of actinides in environmental and biological samples using high-performance chelation ion chromatography coupled to sector-field inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

High-performance chelation ion chromatography, using a neutral polystyrene substrate dynamically loaded with 0.1 mM dipicolinic acid, coupled with sector-field inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry has been successfully used for the separation of the actinides thorium, uranium, americium, neptunium and plutonium. Using this column it was possible to separate the various actinides from each other and from a complex sample matrix. In particular, it was possible to separate plutonium and uranium to facilitate the detection of the former free of spectral interference. The column also exhibited some selectivity for different oxidation states of Np, Pu and U. Two oxidation states each for plutonium and neptunium were found, tentatively identified as Np(V) and Pu(III) eluting at the solvent front, and Np(IV) and Pu(IV) eluting much later. Detection limits were 12, 8, and 4 fg for 237Np, 239Pu, and 241Am, respectively, for a 0.5 ml injection. The system was successfully used for the determination of 239Pu in NIST 4251 Human Lung and 4353 Rocky Flats Soil, with results of 570±29 and 2939±226 fg g?1, respectively, compared with a certified range of 227–951 fg g?1 for the former and a value of 3307± 248 fg g?1 for the latter.

Jason B. Truscott; Phil Jones; Ben E. Fairman; E. Hywel Evans

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Two-dimensional particle-in-cell Monte Carlo simulation of a miniature inductively coupled plasma source  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Two-dimensional axisymmetric particle-in-cell simulations with Monte Carlo collision calculations (PIC-MCC) have been conducted to investigate argon microplasma characteristics of a miniature inductively coupled plasma source with a 5-mm-diameter planar coil, where the radius and length are 5 mm and 6 mm, respectively. Coupling the rf-electromagnetic fields to the plasma is carried out based on a collisional model and a kinetic model. The former employs the cold-electron approximation and the latter incorporates warm-electron effects. The numerical analysis has been performed for pressures in the range 370-770 mTorr and at 450 MHz rf powers below 3.5 W, and then the PIC-MCC results are compared with available experimental data and fluid simulation results. The results show that a considerably thick sheath structure can be seen compared with the plasma reactor size and the electron energy distribution is non-Maxwellian over the entire plasma region. As a result, the distribution of the electron temperature is quite different from that obtained in the fluid model. The electron temperature as a function of rf power is in a reasonable agreement with experimental data. The pressure dependence of the plasma density shows different tendency between the collisional and kinetic model, implying noncollisional effects even at high pressures due to the high rf frequency, where the electron collision frequency is less than the rf driving frequency.

Takao, Yoshinori; Kusaba, Naoki; Eriguchi, Koji; Ono, Kouichi [Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Graduate School of Engineering, Kyoto University, Yoshida-Honmachi, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8501 (Japan)

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

66

Harmonic content of electron-impact source functions in inductively coupled plasmas using an ``on-the-fly'' Monte Carlo technique  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Harmonic content of electron-impact source functions in inductively coupled plasmas using an ``on of electron-impact source functions having high-threshold energies due to modulation of the tail the time dependence of electron-impact source functions in low-pressure ICP systems. We found that even

Kushner, Mark

67

Effect of dual frequency on the plasma characteristics in an internal linear inductively coupled plasma source  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An internal-type linear inductive antenna, referred to as a ''double comb-type antenna,'' was used as a large area plasma source with a substrate size of 880x660 mm{sup 2} (fourth generation glass size). The effects of the dual frequency (2 and 13.56 MHz) radio frequency (rf) power to the antenna as well as the power ratio on the plasma characteristics were investigated. High-density plasma on the order of 1.7x10{sup 11} cm{sup -3} could be obtained with a dual frequency power of 5 kW (13.56 MHz) and 1 kW (2 MHz) at a pressure of 15 mTorr Ar. This plasma density was lower than that obtained for the double comb-type antenna using a single frequency alone (5 kW, 13.56 MHz). However, the use of the dual frequency with a rf power ratio of approximately 1(2 MHz):5(13.56 MHz) showed better plasma uniformity than that obtained using the single frequency. Plasma uniformity of 6.1% could be obtained over the substrate area. Simulations using FL2L code confirmed the improvement in the plasma uniformity using the dual frequency to the double comb-type antenna.

Kim, K. N.; Lim, J. H.; Yeom, G. Y.; Lee, S. H.; Lee, J. K. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon, Kyunggi-do 440-746 (Korea, Republic of); Department of Electronic and Electrical Engineering, Pohang University of Science and Technology, Pohang 790-784 (Korea, Republic of)

2006-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

68

Compression effects in inductively coupled, high-power radio-frequency discharges for negative hydrogen ion production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the paper we present a simplified model description of inductively coupled plasmadischarges operating at a rather high radio-frequency (rf) power. In this case the induced high plasma currents can cause periodic compressions over a substantial radial distance. Such conditions are obviously given in rf driven 1 MHz/150 kW plasma sources developed at the Institute for Plasma Physics Garching for negative (hydrogen) ion production in future neutral beam injection (NBI) systems for nuclear fusion research such as the 1 MeV/50 MW NBI system for the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor [T. Inoue R. Hemsworth V. Kulygin and Y. Okumura Fusion Eng. Design 55 291 (2001)]. The given model describes quite well the compression and other features of the discharge. The results include the Ohmic power input (i.e. electron heating) the resulting density build-up and—as a new feature—periodical plasma compressions leading to a direct energy input also into the plasma ions. The model also explains the strange effect of small argon admixtures which improve the negative ion yield in rf sources by a factor of up to 2–3 (but which have no effect in conventional dc arc sources). With the calculated dependencies from external parameters (e.g. rf-power and frequency gas pressure ion mass or the specific geometry) the modeling may help for the further optimization of the rf source.

Rolf Wilhelm

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Inductively Coupled Plasma and Electron Cyclotron Resonance Plasma Etching of InGaAlP Compound Semiconductor System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Current and future generations of sophisticated compound semiconductor devices require the ability for submicron scale patterning. The situation is being complicated since some of the new devices are based on a wider diversity of materials to be etched. Conventional IUE (Reactive Ion Etching) has been prevalent across the industry so far, but has limitations for materials with high bond strengths or multiple elements. IrI this paper, we suggest high density plasmas such as ECR (Electron Cyclotron Resonance) and ICP (Inductively Coupled Plasma), for the etching of ternary compound semiconductors (InGaP, AIInP, AlGaP) which are employed for electronic devices like heterojunction bipolar transistors (HBTs) or high electron mobility transistors (HEMTs), and photonic devices such as light-emitting diodes (LEDs) and lasers. High density plasma sources, opeiating at lower pressure, are expected to meet target goals determined in terms of etch rate, surface morphology, surface stoichiometry, selectivity, etc. The etching mechanisms, which are described in this paper, can also be applied to other III-V (GaAs-based, InP-based) as well as III-Nitride since the InGaAIP system shares many of the same properties.

Abernathy, C.R.; Hobson, W.S.; Hong, J.; Lambers, E.S.; Pearton, S.J.; Shul, R.J.

1998-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

70

Etching characteristics of high-k dielectric HfO{sub 2} thin films in inductively coupled fluorocarbon plasmas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Inductively coupled fluorocarbon (CF{sub 4}/Ar and C{sub 4}F{sub 8}/Ar) plasmas were used to etch HfO{sub 2}, which is a promising high-dielectric-constant material for the gate of complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor devices. The etch rates of HfO{sub 2} in CF{sub 4}/Ar plasmas exceeded those in C{sub 4}F{sub 8}/Ar plasmas. The tendency for etch rates to become higher in fluorine-rich (high F/C ratio) conditions indicates that HfO{sub 2} can be chemically etched by fluorine-containing species. In C{sub 4}F{sub 8}/Ar plasmas with a high Ar dilution ratio, the etch rate of HfO{sub 2} increased with increasing bias power. The etch rate of Si, however, decreased with bias power, suggesting that the deposition of carbon-containing species increased with increasing the power and inhibited the etching of Si. The HfO{sub 2}/Si selectivity monotonically increased with increasing power, then became more than 5 at the highest tested bias power. The carbon-containing species to inhibit etching of Si play an important role in enhancing the HfO{sub 2}/Si selectivity in C{sub 4}F{sub 8}/Ar plasmas.

Takahashi, Kazuo; Ono, Kouichi; Setsuhara, Yuichi [Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Kyoto University, Yoshida-Honmachi, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8501 (Japan)

2005-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

71

DETERMINATION OF 237NP AND PU ISOTOPES IN LARGE SOIL SAMPLES BY INDUCTIVELY COUPLED PLASMA MASS SPECTROMETRY  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new method for the determination of {sup 237}Np and Pu isotopes in large soil samples has been developed that provides enhanced uranium removal to facilitate assay by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). This method allows rapid preconcentration and separation of plutonium and neptunium in large soil samples for the measurement of {sup 237}Np and Pu isotopes by ICP-MS. {sup 238}U can interfere with {sup 239}Pu measurement by ICP-MS as {sup 238}UH{sup +} mass overlap and {sup 237}Np via {sup 238}U peak tailing. The method provides enhanced removal of uranium by separating Pu and Np initially on TEVA Resin, then transferring Pu to DGA resin for additional purification. The decontamination factor for removal of uranium from plutonium for this method is greater than 1 x 10{sup 6}. Alpha spectrometry can also be applied so that the shorter-lived {sup 238}Pu isotope can be measured successfully. {sup 239}Pu, {sup 242}Pu and {sup 237}Np were measured by ICP-MS, while {sup 236}Pu and {sup 238}Pu were measured by alpha spectrometry.

Maxwell, S.

2010-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

72

RAPID DETERMINATION OF 237 NP AND PU ISOTOPES IN WATER BY INDUCTIVELY COUPLED PLASMA MASS SPECTROMETRY AND ALPHA SPECTROMETRY  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new method that allows rapid preconcentration and separation of plutonium and neptunium in water samples was developed for the measurement of {sup 237}Np and Pu isotopes by inductively-coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) and alpha spectrometry; a hybrid approach. {sup 238}U can interfere with {sup 239}Pu measurement by ICP-MS as {sup 238}UH{sup +} mass overlap and {sup 237}Np via peak tailing. The method provide enhanced removal of uranium by separating Pu and Np initially on TEVA Resin, then moving Pu to DGA resin for additional removal of uranium. The decontamination factor for uranium from Pu is almost 100,000 and the decontamination factor for U from Np is greater than 10,000. This method uses stacked extraction chromatography cartridges and vacuum box technology to facilitate rapid separations. Preconcentration is performed using a streamlined calcium phosphate precipitation method. Purified solutions are split between ICP-MS and alpha spectrometry so that long and short-lived Pu isotopes can be measured successfully. The method allows for simultaneous extraction of 20 samples (including QC samples) in 4 to 6 hours, and can also be used for emergency response. {sup 239}Pu, {sup 242}Pu and {sup 237}Np were measured by ICP-MS, while {sup 236}Pu, {sup 238}Pu, and {sup 239}Pu were measured by alpha spectrometry.

Maxwell, S.; Jones, V.; Culligan, B.; Nichols, S.; Noyes, G.

2010-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

73

Online tuning of impedance matching circuit for long pulse inductively coupled plasma source operation—An alternate approach  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Impedance matching circuit between radio frequency (RF) generator and the plasma load, placed between them, determines the RF power transfer from RF generator to the plasma load. The impedance of plasma load depends on the plasma parameters through skin depth and plasma conductivity or resistivity. Therefore, for long pulse operation of inductively coupled plasmas, particularly for high power (?100 kW or more) where plasma load condition may vary due to different reasons (e.g., pressure, power, and thermal), online tuning of impedance matching circuit is necessary through feedback. In fusion grade ion source operation, such online methodology through feedback is not present but offline remote tuning by adjusting the matching circuit capacitors and tuning the driving frequency of the RF generator between the ion source operation pulses is envisaged. The present model is an approach for remote impedance tuning methodology for long pulse operation and corresponding online impedance matching algorithm based on RF coil antenna current measurement or coil antenna calorimetric measurement may be useful in this regard.

Sudhir, Dass; Bandyopadhyay, M., E-mail: mainak@ter-india.org; Chakraborty, A. [ITER-India, Institute for Plasma Research, A-29, GIDC, Sector-25, Gandhinagar, Gujarat 382 025 (India)] [ITER-India, Institute for Plasma Research, A-29, GIDC, Sector-25, Gandhinagar, Gujarat 382 025 (India); Kraus, W. [Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik, Boltzmannstrasse 2, 85740 Garching (Germany)] [Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik, Boltzmannstrasse 2, 85740 Garching (Germany); Gahlaut, A.; Bansal, G. [Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar, Gujarat 382 428 (India)] [Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar, Gujarat 382 428 (India)

2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

74

Standard test method for determination of impurities in nuclear grade uranium compounds by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1.1 This test method covers the determination of 67 elements in uranium dioxide samples and nuclear grade uranium compounds and solutions without matrix separation by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). The elements are listed in Table 1. These elements can also be determined in uranyl nitrate hexahydrate (UNH), uranium hexafluoride (UF6), triuranium octoxide (U3O8) and uranium trioxide (UO3) if these compounds are treated and converted to the same uranium concentration solution. 1.2 The elements boron, sodium, silicon, phosphorus, potassium, calcium and iron can be determined using different techniques. The analyst's instrumentation will determine which procedure is chosen for the analysis. 1.3 The test method for technetium-99 is given in Annex A1. 1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. 1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish ...

American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Characterization of a Sealed Americium-Beryllium (AmBe) Source by Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Two Americium-Beryllium neutron sources were dismantled, sampled (sub-sampled) and analyzed via inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). Characteristics such as “age” since purification, actinide content, trace metal content and inter and intra source composition were determined. The “age” since purification of the two sources was determined to be 25.0 and 25.4 years, respectively. The systematic errors in the “age” determination were ± 4 % 2s. The amount and isotopic composition of U and Pu varied substantially between the sub-samples of Source 2 (n=8). This may be due to the physical means of sub-sampling or the way the source was manufactured. Source 1 was much more consistent in terms of content and isotopic composition (n=3 sub-samples). The Be-Am ratio varied greatly between the two sources. Source 1 had an Am-Be ratio of 6.3 ± 52 % (1s). Source 2 had an Am-Be ratio of 9.81 ± 3.5 % (1s). In addition, the trace element content between the samples varied greatly. Significant differences were determined between Source 1 and 2 for Sc, Sr, Y, Zr, Mo, Ba and W.

James Sommers; Marcos Jimenez; Mary Adamic; Jeffrey Giglio; Kevin Carney

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Effects of radio frequency bias frequency and radio frequency bias pulsing on SiO{sub 2} feature etching in inductively coupled fluorocarbon plasmas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effect of radio frequency (rf) bias frequency on SiO{sub 2} feature etching using inductively coupled fluorocarbon plasmas is investigated. It is found that the rf bias frequency can have an important effect on SiO{sub 2} feature etch rate, microtrenching phenomena, and SiO{sub 2}-to-photoresist etch selectivity. In addition, the effect of rf bias pulsing on inductively coupled fluorocarbon plasma SiO{sub 2} etching has been studied and a model that describes the data well is presented. The model assumes that fluorocarbon deposition occurs while the rf bias is off, fluorocarbon etching occurs during the first part of time that the bias is on, and substrate etching occurs once the fluorocarbon material has been removed from the substrate. (c) 2000 American Vacuum Society.

Schaepkens, M. [Physics Department, University at Albany, Albany, New York 12222 (United States)] [Physics Department, University at Albany, Albany, New York 12222 (United States); Oehrlein, G. S. [Physics Department, University at Albany, Albany, New York 12222 (United States)] [Physics Department, University at Albany, Albany, New York 12222 (United States); Cook, J. M. [Lam Research Corporation, Fremont, California 94538-6470 (United States)] [Lam Research Corporation, Fremont, California 94538-6470 (United States)

2000-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Precise ruthenium fission product isotopic analysis using dynamic reaction cell inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (DRC-ICP-MS)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

99Tc is a subsurface contaminant of interest at numerous federal, industrial, and international facilities. However, as a mono-isotopic fission product, 99Tc lacks the ability to be used as a signature to differentiate between the different waste disposal pathways that could have contributed to subsurface contamination at these facilities. Ruthenium fission-product isotopes are attractive analogues for the characterization of 99Tc sources because of their direct similarity to technetium with regard to subsurface mobility, and their large fission yields and low natural background concentrations. We developed an inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) method capable of measuring ruthenium isotopes in groundwater samples and extracts of vadose zone sediments. Samples were analyzed directly on a Perkin Elmer ELAN DRC II ICP-MS after a single pass through a 1-ml bed volume of Dowex AG 50W-X8 100-200 mesh cation exchange resin. Precise ruthenium isotopic ratio measurements were achieved using a low-flow Meinhard-type nebulizer and long sample acquisition times (150,000 ms). Relative standard deviations of triplicate replicates were maintained at less than 0.5% when the total ruthenium solution concentration was 0.1 ng/ml or higher. Further work was performed to minimize the impact caused by mass interferences using the dynamic reaction cell (DRC) with O2 as the reaction gas. The aqueous concentrations of 96Mo and 96Zr were reduced by more than 99.7% in the reaction cell prior to injection of the sample into the mass analyzer quadrupole. The DRC was used in combination with stable-mass correction to quantitatively analyze samples containing up to 2-orders of magnitude more zirconium and molybdenum than ruthenium. The analytical approach documented herein provides an efficient and cost-effective way to precisely measure ruthenium isotopes and quantitate total ruthenium (natural vs. fission-product) in aqueous matrixes.

Brown, Christopher F.; Dresel, P. Evan; Geiszler, Keith N.; Farmer, Orville T.

2006-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

78

The Effect of Compound Structure on the Elemental Responses in Gas Chromatography-Microwave Induced Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Since microwave induced plasma atomic emission spectrometry...pro totype Model SG-2 atmospheric pressure GC-MIP which...The flow of the He plasma supporting gas was maintained...output frequency: 2450 30 MHz output power: 0-200...by J&D Instruments Plasma discharge tube length......

Huang Yieru; Ou Qingyu; Yu Weile

1990-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

RAPID DETERMINATION OF ACTINIDES IN URINE BY INDUCTIVELY-COUPLED PLASMA MASS SPECTROMETRY AND ALPHA SPECTROMETRY: A HYBRID APPROACH  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new rapid separation method that allows separation and preconcentration of actinides in urine samples was developed for the measurement of longer lived actinides by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) and short-lived actinides by alpha spectrometry; a hybrid approach. This method uses stacked extraction chromatography cartridges and vacuum box technology to facilitate rapid separations. Preconcentration, if required, is performed using a streamlined calcium phosphate precipitation. Similar technology has been applied to separate actinides prior to measurement by alpha spectrometry, but this new method has been developed with elution reagents now compatible with ICP-MS as well. Purified solutions are split between ICP-MS and alpha spectrometry so that long- and short-lived actinide isotopes can be measured successfully. The method allows for simultaneous extraction of 24 samples (including QC samples) in less than 3 h. Simultaneous sample preparation can offer significant time savings over sequential sample preparation. For example, sequential sample preparation of 24 samples taking just 15 min each requires 6 h to complete. The simplicity and speed of this new method makes it attractive for radiological emergency response. If preconcentration is applied, the method is applicable to larger sample aliquots for occupational exposures as well. The chemical recoveries are typically greater than 90%, in contrast to other reported methods using flow injection separation techniques for urine samples where plutonium yields were 70-80%. This method allows measurement of both long-lived and short-lived actinide isotopes. 239Pu, 242Pu, 237Np, 243Am, 234U, 235U and 238U were measured by ICP-MS, while 236Pu, 238Pu, 239Pu, 241Am, 243Am and 244Cm were measured by alpha spectrometry. The method can also be adapted so that the separation of uranium isotopes for assay is not required, if uranium assay by direct dilution of the urine sample is preferred instead. Multiple vacuum box locations may be set-up to supply several ICP-MS units with purified sample fractions such that a high sample throughput may be achieved, while still allowing for rapid measurement of short-lived actinides by alpha spectrometry.

Maxwell, S.; Jones, V.

2009-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

80

Direct analysis of samples by mass spectrometry: From elements to bio-molecules using laser ablation inductively couple plasma mass spectrometry and laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Mass spectrometric methods that are able to analyze solid samples or biological materials with little or no sample preparation are invaluable to science as well as society. Fundamental research that has discovered experimental and instrumental parameters that inhibit fractionation effects that occur during the quantification of elemental species in solid samples by laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry is described. Research that determines the effectiveness of novel laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometric methods for the molecular analysis of biological tissues at atmospheric pressure and at high spatial resolution is also described. A spatial resolution is achieved that is able to analyze samples at the single cell level.

Perdian, David C.

2009-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inductively coupled plasma-atomic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Effect of neutral gas heating on the wave magnetic fields of a low pressure 13.56?MHz planar coil inductively coupled argon discharge  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The axial and radial magnetic field profiles in a 13.56?MHz (radio frequency) laboratory 6 turn planar coil inductively coupled plasma reactor are simulated with the consideration of the effect of neutral gas heating. Spatially resolved electron densities, electron temperatures, and neutral gas temperatures were obtained for simulation using empirically fitted electron density and electron temperature and heuristically determined neutral gas temperature. Comparison between simulated results and measured fields indicates that neutral gas heating plays an important role in determining the skin depth of the magnetic fields.

Jayapalan, Kanesh K., E-mail: kane-karnage@yahoo.com; Chin, Oi-Hoong, E-mail: ohchin@um.edu.my [Plasma Technology Research Centre, Department of Physics, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia)] [Plasma Technology Research Centre, Department of Physics, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia)

2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

82

Feedback control of HfO{sub 2} etch processing in inductively coupled Cl{sub 2}/N{sub 2}/Ar plasmas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The etch rate of HfO{sub 2} etch processing has been feedback controlled in inductively coupled Cl{sub 2}/N{sub 2}/Ar plasmas. The ion current and the root mean square rf voltage on the wafer stage, which are measured using a commercial impedance meter connected to the wafer stage, are chosen as controlled variables because the positive-ion flux and ion energy incident upon the wafer surface are the key factors that determine the etch rate. Two 13.56 MHz rf generators are used to adjust the inductively coupled plasma power and bias power which control ion density and ion energy, respectively. The adopted HfO{sub 2} etch processing used rather low rf voltage. The ion-current value obtained by the power/voltage method is underestimated, so the neural-network model was developed to assist estimating the correct ion-current value. The experimental results show that the etch-rate variation of the closed-loop control is smaller than that of the open-loop control. However, the first wafer effect cannot be eliminated using closed-loop control and thus to achieve a constant etch rate, the chamber-conditioning procedure is required in this etch processing.

Lin Chaung; Leou, K.-C.; Li, T.-C.; Lee, L.-S.; Tzeng, P.-J. [Department of Engineering and System Science, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu, Taiwan 30043 (China); Electronic Research and Service Organization, Industrial Technology Research Institute, Hsinchu, Taiwan 310 (China)

2008-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

83

Application of multivariate curve resolution-alternating least squares for the determination of boron isotope ratios by inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectrometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Multivariate curve resolution-alternating least squares (MCR-ALS) was applied to atomic emission data obtained from inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectrometry analysis of boron for the quantification of 10B/11B ratios. The determination of isotopic composition of boron is based on the isotopic shift of 10B and 11B in the emission line of 208.957 nm. After recording of the emission spectra in the range of 208.940–208.970 nm, evaluation of isotopic composition of boron containing samples was performed with MCR-ALS algorithm. MCR-ALS was able to resolve the emission spectra of 10B and 11B mixtures. The performance of the proposed methods was tested by determination of 10B/11B ratios in synthetic mixtures and also water samples.

Ehsan Zolfonoun; Seyed Javad Ahmadi

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Comparative study of laminar and turbulent flow model with different operating parameters for radio frequency-inductively coupled plasma torch working at 3??MHz frequency at atmospheric pressure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper provides 2D comparative study of results obtained using laminar and turbulent flow model for RF (radio frequency) Inductively Coupled Plasma (ICP) torch. The study was done for the RF-ICP torch operating at 50?kW DC power and 3?MHz frequency located at BARC. The numerical modeling for this RF-ICP torch is done using ANSYS software with the developed User Defined Function. A comparative study is done between laminar and turbulent flow model to investigate how temperature and flow fields change when using different operating conditions such as (a) swirl and no swirl velocity for sheath gas flow rate (b) variation in sheath gas flow rate and (c) variation in plasma gas flow rate. These studies will be useful for different material processing applications.

Sangeeta B. Punjabi; S. N. Sahasrabudhe; N. K. Joshi; H. A. Mangalvedekar; A. K. Das; D. C. Kothari

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

A self-consistent global model of solenoidal-type inductively coupled plasma discharges including the effects of radio-frequency bias power  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We developed a self-consistent global simulator of solenoidal-type inductively coupled plasma discharges and observed the effect of the radio-frequency (rf) bias power on the plasma density and the electron temperature. We numerically solved a set of spatially averaged fluid equations for charged particles, neutrals, and radicals. Absorbed power by electrons is determined by using an analytic electron heating model including the anomalous skin effect. To analyze the effects of rf bias power on the plasma properties, our model also combines the electron heating and global transport modules with an rf sheath module in a self-consistent manner. The simulation results are compared with numerical results by using the commercial software package cfd-ace + (ESI group) and experimental measurements by using a wave cutoff probe and a single Langmuir probe.

Kwon, D. C.; Chang, W. S.; Song, M. Y.; Yoon, J.-S. [Convergence Plasma Research Center, National Fusion Research Institute, Daejeon 305-333 (Korea, Republic of); Park, M. [Department of Physics, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Daejeon 305-701 (Korea, Republic of); You, D. H. [Kyoungwon Tech, Inc., Seongnam 462-806 (Korea, Republic of); You, S. J. [Center for Vacuum Technology, Korea Research Institute of Standard and Science, Daejeon 305-340 (Korea, Republic of); Im, Y. H. [Division of Chemical Engineering, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju 561-756 (Korea, Republic of)

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Inductively Coupled Plasma Etching in ICl- and IBr-Based Chemistries: Part II. InP, InSb, InGaP and InGaAs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A parametric study of Inductively Coupled Plasma etching of InP, InSb, InGaP and InGaAs has been carried out in IC1/Ar and IBr/Ar chemistries. Etch rates in excess of 3.1 prrdmin for InP, 3.6 prnh-nin for InSb, 2.3 pm/min for InGaP and 2.2 ~rrdmin for InGaAs were obtained in IBr/Ar plasmas. The ICP etching of In-based materials showed a general tendency: the etch rates increased substantially with increasing the ICP source power and rf chuck power in both chemistries, while they decreased with increasing chamber pressure. The IBr/Ar chemistry typically showed higher etch rates than IC1/Ar, but the etched surface mophologies were fairly poor for both chemistries.

Abernathy, C.R.; Cho, H.; Hahn, Y.B.; Hays, D.C.; Hobson, W.S.; Jung, K.B.; Lambers, E.S.; Pearton, S.J.; Shul, R.J.

1998-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

87

Inductively Coupled Plasma Reactive Ion Etching of AlGaAsSb and InGaAsSb for Quaternary Antimonide MIM Thermophotovoltaics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this letter we report on the inductively coupled plasma reactive ion etching (ICP-RIE) of InGaAsSb and AlGaAsSb for the fabrication of quaternary monolithic interconnected module (MIM) thermophotovoltaic (TPV) devices. A rapid dry etch process is described that produces smooth surfaces using BCl[sub]3 for AlGaAsSb and InGaAsSb capped with GaSb. Uncapped InGaAsSb was etched by adding an H[sub]2 plasma preclean to reduce surface oxides. InGaAsSb etch rate was studied as a function of accelerating voltage, RF power, temperature and pressure. The etch conditions found for InGaAsSb were used for AlGaAsSb etching to determine the effectiveness for isolation of the MIM cells.

Palmisiano, M. N.; Peake, G. M.; Shul, R. J.; Ashby, C. I.; Cederberg, J. G.; Hafich, M. J.; Biefeld, R. M.

2002-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Non-invasive in situ plasma monitoring of reactive gases using the floating harmonic method for inductively coupled plasma etching application  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The floating harmonic method was developed for in situ plasma diagnostics of allowing real time measurement of electron temperature (T{sub e}) and ion flux (J{sub ion}) without contamination of the probe from surface modification by reactive species. In this study, this novel non-invasive diagnostic system was studied to characterize inductively coupled plasma of reactive gases monitoring T{sub e} and J{sub ion} for investigating the optimum plasma etching conditions and controlling of the real-time plasma surface reaction in the range of 200-900 W source power, 10-100 W bias power, and 3-15 mTorr chamber pressure, respectively.

Lee, J. H.; Kim, M. J. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Texas at Dallas, Texas 75080 (United States); Yoon, Y. S. [Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Texas at Dallas, Texas 75080 (United States)

2013-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

89

Development of an on-line isotope dilution laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA–ICP-MS) method for determination of boron in silicon wafers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A method has been developed based on an on-line isotope dilution technique couple with laser ablation/inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA–ICP-MS), for the determination of boron in p-type silicon wafers. The laser-ablated sample aerosol was mixed on-line with an enriched boron aerosol supplied continuously using a conventional nebulization system. Upon mixing the two aerosol streams, the isotope ratio of boron changed rapidly and was then recorded by the ICP-MS system for subsequent quantification based on the isotope dilution principle. As an on-line solid analysis method, this system accurately quantifies boron concentrations in silicon wafers without the need for an internal or external solid reference standard material. Using this on-line isotope dilution technique, the limit of detection for boron in silicon wafers is 2.8 × 1015 atoms cm?3. The analytical results obtained using this on-line methodology agree well with those obtained using wet chemical digestion methods for the analysis of p-type silicon wafers containing boron concentrations ranging from 1.0 × 1016 to 9.6 × 1018 atoms cm?3.

Chao-Kai Yang; Po-Hsiang Chi; Yong-Chine Lin; Yuh-Chang Sun; Mo-Hsiung Yang

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Soluble arsenic and selenium species in fly ash/organic waste-amended soils using ion chromatography-inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Mixing coal fly ash with an organic waste increases macronutrient content and may make land application of fly ash a viable disposal alternative. However, trace element chemistry of these mixed waste products warrants investigation. Speciation of As and Se in soil solutions of fly ash-, poultry litter- and sewage sludge-amended soils was determined over a 10-day period by ion chromatography coupled to inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (IC-ICP-MS). Detection limits were 0.031, 0.028, 0.051, 0.161, 0.497, and 0.660 {micro}g L{sup {minus}1} for dimethylarsinate (DMA), As(III), monomethylarsonate (MMA), As(V), Se(IV), and Se(VI), respectively. Arsenic was highly water-soluble from poultry litter and appeared to be predominantly As(V). Arsenic(V) was the predominant species in soil amended with two fly ashes. Application of fly ash/poultry litter mixtures increased As solubility and led to the prevalence of DMA as the major As species. DMA concentrations of these soil solutions decreased rapidly over the sampling period relative to As(V), suggesting that DMA readily underwent mineralization in the soil solution. Se(VI) was the predominant soluble Se species in all treatments indicating rapid oxidation of Se(IV) initially solubilized from the fly ashes.

Jackson, B.P.; Miller, W.P. [Univ. of Georgia, Athens, GA (United States). Dept. of Crop and Soil Sciences] [Univ. of Georgia, Athens, GA (United States). Dept. of Crop and Soil Sciences

1999-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

91

Etching properties of Na0.5K0.5NbO3 thin films by using inductively coupled CF4/Ar plasma  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The etch process of the Na0.5K0.5NbO3 (NKN) thin film was performed in CF4/Ar plasma. We investigated the etch rate of the NKN thin films and the selectivity of NKN to SiO2 in an inductively coupled plasma. The maximum etch rate of the NKN thin films was 127.3 nm/min in CF4/Ar (= 4:16 sccm) plasma and the selectivity of NKN to SiO2 was 0.31. We analyzed the XPS narrow scan spectra for the reaction on the surface of the NKN thin films. From the XPS data analysis, we were assumed that the byproducts were generated on the surface of the NKN thin films during the etching process, but the physical sputtering process effectively removed the byproducts. We analyzed the morphologies of the surface of the NKN thin films from AFM measurement. The Ar concentration affects the surface morphology greatly.

Young-Hee Joo; Jong-Chang Woo; Chang-Il Kim

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Standard test method for analysis of urine for uranium-235 and uranium-238 isotopes by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1.1 This test method covers the determination of the concentration of uranium-235 and uranium-238 in urine using Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometry. This test method can be used to support uranium facility bioassay programs. 1.2 This method detection limits for 235U and 238U are 6 ng/L. To meet the requirements of ANSI N13.30, the minimum detectable activity (MDA) of each radionuclide measured must be at least 0.1 pCi/L (0.0037 Bq/L). The MDA translates to 47 ng/L for 235U and 300 ng/L for 238U. Uranium– 234 cannot be determined at the MDA with this test method because of its low mass concentration level equivalent to 0.1 pCi/L. 1.3 The digestion and anion separation of urine may not be necessary when uranium concentrations of more than 100 ng/L are present. 1.4 Units—The values stated in picoCurie per liter units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard. 1....

American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Standard test method for analysis of isotopic composition of uranium in nuclear-grade fuel material by quadrupole inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1.1 This test method is applicable to the determination of the isotopic composition of uranium (U) in nuclear-grade fuel material. The following isotopic weight percentages are determined using a quadrupole inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometer (Q-ICP-MS): 233U, 234U, 235U, 236U, and 238U. The analysis can be performed on various material matrices after acid dissolution and sample dilution into water or dilute nitric (HNO3) acid. These materials include: fuel product, uranium oxide, uranium oxide alloys, uranyl nitrate (UNH) crystals, and solutions. The sample preparation discussed in this test method focuses on fuel product material but may be used for uranium oxide or a uranium oxide alloy. Other preparation techniques may be used and some references are given. Purification of the uranium by anion-exchange extraction is not required for this test method, as it is required by other test methods such as radiochemistry and thermal ionization mass spectroscopy (TIMS). This test method is also described i...

American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Anthropogenic 236U at Rocky Flats, Ashtabula river harbor, and Mersey estuary: three case studies by sector inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

236U (t1/2=2.3×107 y) is formed as a result of thermal neutron capture by 235U. In naturally occurring U ores, where a high neutron flux is present from spontaneous fission of 238U, 236U/238U atom ratios are ~10?4 ppm. In the natural Earth’s crust, unaffected by nuclear fallout, these ratios are expected to be on the order of 10?8 ppm. Reactor-irradiated U, however, exhibits high 236U/238U atom ratios approaching 104 ppm. As a result, the presence of very small quantities of reactor-irradiated U will significantly enhance the ‘background’ 236U/238U atom ratio. When sufficiently elevated 236U/238U ratios are present, the determination of 236U/238U by rapid inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometric (ICPMS) methods is attractive. We have used sector ICPMS at medium resolving power (R=3440) to measure 236U/238U atom ratios with a determination limit of 0.2 ppm. The limiting factors in the measurement are the 235U1H+ isobar and background signal at m/z 236 arising from the 238U+ peak tail. Based upon the analysis of replicates and considerations of possible systematic errors, uncertainties of ±5% are found for 236U/238U atom ratios of 1?100 ppm. This procedure has been demonstrated in studies of anthropogenic 236U in the environment at three locations: (a) offsite soils from the vicinity of the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology site (Golden, Colorado, USA); (b) sediments from the Ashtabula River (Ohio, USA); and (c) sediments from the Mersey estuary (Liverpool, UK). In each of these three locations, definite plumes of elevated 236U/238U are identified and characterized. Maximum 236U/238U atom ratios observed in RFETS-vicinity soils, the Ashtabula River, and the Mersey Estuary are 2.8, 140, and 4.4 ppm, respectively.

M.E Ketterer; K.M Hafer; C.L Link; C.S Royden; W.J Hartsock

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Slurry Nebulization-Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry with Solution Calibration for Determination of Ultratrace Boron in High Pure Nuclear Graphite Powder  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Slurry nebulization-inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) was developed for the direct determination of trace boron (B) in high-purity graphite powders. After the graphite powders were ground and sifted, the particle size of graphite was collected less than 5 ?m. Polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) was used as the dispersant in slurry preparation. The optimal mass ratio of PVP to the graphite was found to be 0.5. Well-proportioned and stable slurry solution was obtained by magnetic stirrer. 0.1 M NH4OH as the aqueous medium could provide the optimal pH of 10 for the stable slurry and eliminate the memory effect of B. ICP-MS was operated in a higher resolution mode (0.6 amu) to eliminate the interference with the matrix 12C by peak tailing. Oxygen was added into the plasma at a flow rate of 60 mL min?1 to resolve carbon deposition on the sampler and skimmer cones and accelerate particle dissociation in the plasma. External calibration with aqueous solution standards was established for quantification. Beryllium was chosen as the internal standard to evaluate the efficiency of matrix effect correction. A correlation coefficient of 0.9995 was obtained for B concentration ranging 2–200 ?g L?1. The detection limit (3S) of B was 0.095 ?g g?1. As a practical application, the proposed method was used for the determination of trace B in four nuclear graphite samples (claimed 99.999% purity), with the satisfactory recoveries for the spike tests in the range of 97.2%–103.1%.

Xin-Li LIU; Tai-Cheng DUAN; Yi HAN; Xiao-Yu JIA; Wei-Na ZHANG; Hang-Ting CHEN

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

ELECTRICAL CONDUCTIVITY SPECTRA OF SMECTITES AS INFLUENCED BY SATURATING CATION AND HUMIDITY  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...frequencies 500 MHz were not included...equilibrated with an atmosphere controlled at the...inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission...data above 500 MHz were not fitted because...of smectites 413 atmosphere desiccators to the...inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission...

Sally D. Logsdon; David A. Laird

97

ELECTRICAL CONDUCTIVITY SPECTRA OF SMECTITES AS INFLUENCED BY SATURATING CATION AND HUMIDITY  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...between 300 kHz and 3 GHz...frequencies 500 MHz were not included...equilibrated with an atmosphere controlled at...inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission...slope change (MHz) 12.2 b 8...slope change (MHz) 3.71 c 11...inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission...measurements from 100 kHz to 1 GHz. Transactions...

Sally D. Logsdon; David A. Laird

98

DETERMINATION OF 234U/238U, 235U/238U AND 236U/238U ISOTOPE RATIOS IN URINE USING SECTOR FIELD INDUCTIVELY COUPLED PLASMA MASS SPECTROMETRY  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......exposure of the US population to uranium through measurements of total uranium in urine using inductively...were exposed to aerosols of depleted uranium (DU) exhibit no clinically...effects that might result in cancer and birth defects remain......

Ge Xiao; Robert L. Jones; David Saunders; Kathleen L. Caldwell

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

A Gravitational Search Algorithm (GSA) based Photo-Voltaic (PV) excitation control strategy for single phase operation of three phase wind-turbine coupled induction generator  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Three phase induction generators are widely used for single phase operation in wind based micro-generation schemes to cater single phase loads due to various advantages. This paper presents an improved control methodology for self excited three phase induction generator operating in single phase mode. The excitation is controlled through an inverter with Photo-Voltaic (PV) panels providing power to the dc bus. The proposed technique enables the generator for building up voltage from low wind speeds compared to conventional three phase machines. A capacitor connected across load terminals reduces the reactive power supplied by the inverter connected across the other two phases. Gravitational search algorithm (GSA) is used to calculate the switching angles of the inverter under various load and wind speeds for minimum Total Harmonic Distortion (THD) of the generated voltage. The proposed induction generator is aimed to be conveniently used in remote and grid isolated areas as a portable source of electrical power driving single phase loads. Simulations and experiments performed on a 3-phase 1 kW, 415 V, 50 Hz, 1440 r/min induction machine validates the proposed concept.

Arunava Chatterjee; Krishna Roy; Debashis Chatterjee

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Induction voidmeter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An induction voidmeter for detecting voids in a conductive fluid may comprise: a four arm bridge circuit having two adjustable circuit elements connected as opposite arms of said bridge circuit, an input branch, and an output branch; two induction coils, bifilarly wound together, connected as the remaining two opposing arms of said bridge circuit and positioned such that the conductive fluid passes through said coils; applying an AC excitation signal to said input branch; and detecting the output signal generated in response to said excitation signal across said output branch. The induction coils may be located outside or inside a non-magnetic pipe containing the conductive fluid.

Anderson, Thomas T. (Downers Grove, IL); Roop, Conard J. (Lockport, IL); Schmidt, Kenneth J. (Midlothian, IL); Brewer, John (Oak Lawn, IL)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inductively coupled plasma-atomic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Induction voidmeter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An induction voidmeter for detecting voids in a conductive fluid may comprise: a four arm bridge circuit having two adjustable circuit elements connected as opposite arms of said bridge, an input branch, and an output branch; two induction coils, bifilarly wound together, connected as the remaining two opposing arms of said bridge circuit and positioned such that the conductive fluid passes through said coils; means for applying an AC excitation signal to said input branch; and means for detecting the output signal generated in response to said excitation signal across said output branch. The induction coils may be located outside or inside a non-magnetic pipe containing the conductive fluid.

Anderson, T.T.; Roop, C.J.; Schmidt, K.J.; Brewer, J.

1983-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

102

Current developments in laser ablation-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry for use in geology, forensics, and nuclear nonproliferation research  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This dissertation focused on new applications of laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS). The diverse fields that were investigated show the versatility of the technique. In Chapter 2, LA-ICP-MS was used to investigate the rare earth element (REE) profiles of garnets from the Broken Hill Deposit in New South Wales, Australia. The normalized REE profiles helped to shed new light on the formation of deposits of sulfide ores. This information may be helpful in identifying the location of sulfide ore deposits in other locations. New sources of metals such as Pg, Zn, and Ag, produced from these ores, are needed to sustain our current technological society. The application of LA-ICP-MS presented in Chapter 3 is the forensics analysis of automotive putty and caulking. The elemental analysis of these materials was combined with the use of Principal Components Analysis (PCA). The PCA comparison was able to differentiate the automotive putty samples by manufacturer and lot number. The analysis of caulk was able to show a differentiation based on manufacturer, but no clear differentiation was shown by lot number. This differentiation may allow matching of evidence in the future. This will require many more analyses and the construction of a database made up of many different samples. The 4th chapter was a study of the capabilities of LA-ICP-MS for fast and precise analysis of particle ensembles for nuclear nonproliferation applications. Laser ablation has the ability to spatially resolve particle ensembles which may contain uranium or other actinides from other particles present in a sample. This is of importance in samples obtained from air on filter media. The particle ensembles of interest may be mixed in amongst dust and other particulates. A problem arises when ablating these particle ensembles directly from the filter media. Dust particles other than ones of interest may be accidentally entrained in the aerosol of the ablated particle ensemble. This would cause the analysis to be skewed. The use of a gelatin substrate allows the ablation a particle ensemble without disturbing other particles or the gelatin surface. A method to trap and ablate particles on filter paper using collodion was also investigated. The laser was used to dig through the collodion layer and into the particle ensemble. Both of these methods fix particles to allow spatial resolution of the particle ensembles. The use of vanillic acid as a possible enhancement to ablation was also studied. A vanillic acid coating of the particles fixed on top of the gelatin substrate was not found to have any positive effect on either signal intensity or precision. The mixing of vanillic acid in the collodion solution used to coat the filter paper increased ablation signal intensity by a factor of 4 to 5. There was little effect on precision, though. The collodion on filter paper method and the gelatin method of resolving particles have shown themselves to be possible tools in fighting proliferation of nuclear weapons and material. Future applications of LA-ICP-MS are only limited by the imagination of the investigator. Any material that can be ablated and aerosolized is a potential material for analysis by LA-ICP-MS. Improvements in aerosol transport, ablation chamber design, and laser focusing can make possible the ablation and analysis of very small amounts of material. This may perhaps lead to more possible uses in forensics. A similar method to the one used in Chapter 3 could perhaps be used to match drug residue to the place of origin. Perhaps a link could be made based on the elements leached from the soil by plants used to make drugs. This may have a specific pattern based on where the plant was grown. Synthetic drugs are produced in clandestine laboratories that are often times very dirty. The dust, debris, and unique materials in the lab environment could create enough variance to perhaps match drugs produced there to samples obtained off the street. Even if the match was not strong enough to be evidence, the knowledge that many sa

Messerly, Joshua D.

2008-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

103

Induction machine  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A polyphase rotary induction machine for use as a motor or generator utilizing a single rotor assembly having two series connected sets of rotor windings, a first stator winding disposed around the first rotor winding and means for controlling the current induced in one set of the rotor windings compared to the current induced in the other set of the rotor windings. The rotor windings may be wound rotor windings or squirrel cage windings.

Owen, Whitney H. (Ogden, UT)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Inductive Synthesis Neil Immerman  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Inductive Synthesis Neil Immerman www.cs.umass.edu joint work with Shachar Itzhaky, Sumit Gulwani, and Mooly Sagiv Neil Immerman Inductive Synthesis #12;Inductive Synthesis: Goal Write specification, , in high level logical language, e.g., SO. Neil Immerman Inductive Synthesis #12;Inductive Synthesis: Goal

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

105

Determination of actinide elements at femtogram per gram levels in environmental samples by on-line solid phase extraction and sector-field-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An on-line solid phase extraction method has been developed for the determination of 232Th, 237Np, 238U, 239Pu, 240Pu, 241Am and 243Am in biological certified reference material using a column containing TRU-Spec™ resin coupled with sector-field inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry. Absolute detection limits were 0.7, 0.85, 0.6, and 0.65 fg for 237Np, 239Pu, 241Am and 243Am, respectively. The 239Pu was determined in NIST Human Liver (963±297 fg g?1 compared with a certified value of 848±161 fg g?1) using a dry and wet ashing sample preparation method, and in a spiked cabbage reference material (394±54 fg g?1 compared to an indicative value of 467 fg g?1) using microwave digestion. Sequential separation of Pu and U was achieved by on-column reduction of Pu with titanium(III) chloride and elution in 4 M \\{HCl\\} to facilitate the determination of 239Pu in samples containing high levels of 238U, thereby eliminating the interference of 238U1H+ at m/z 239. The sequential elution procedure was used to determine 239Pu in NIST human lung (814±55 fg g?1 compared with a certified range of 227–951 fg g?1) and NIST Rocky Flats Soil (2423±137 fg g?1 compared with a certified value of 3307±248 fg g?1).

Jason B Truscott; Phil Jones; Ben E Fairman; E.Hywel Evans

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Nuclear Induction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The magnetic moments of nuclei in normal matter will result in a nuclear paramagnetic polarization upon establishment of equilibrium in a constant magnetic field. It is shown that a radiofrequency field at right angles to the constant field causes a forced precession of the total polarization around the constant field with decreasing latitude as the Larmor frequency approaches adiabatically the frequency of the r-f field. Thus there results a component of the nuclear polarization at right angles to both the constant and the r-f field and it is shown that under normal laboratory conditions this component can induce observable voltages. In Section 3 we discuss this nuclear induction, considering the effect of external fields only, while in Section 4 those modifications are described which originate from internal fields and finite relaxation times.

F. Bloch

1946-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

The effect of metal ions in MNaY-zeolites for the adsorptive removal of tetrahydrothiophene  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The adsorptive removal of tetrahydrothiophene (THT) was carried out over transition...2 physisorption, inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP-AES) and X-ray diffraction were conducted to cha...

Yun Ha Kim; Hee Chul Woo; Doohwan Lee…

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} multi-density layer structure as a moisture permeation barrier deposited by radio frequency remote plasma atomic layer deposition  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} films deposited by remote plasma atomic layer deposition have been used for thin film encapsulation of organic light emitting diode. In this study, a multi-density layer structure consisting of two Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} layers with different densities are deposited with different deposition conditions of O{sub 2} plasma reactant time. This structure improves moisture permeation barrier characteristics, as confirmed by a water vapor transmission rate (WVTR) test. The lowest WVTR of the multi-density layer structure was 4.7 × 10{sup ?5} gm{sup ?2} day{sup ?1}, which is one order of magnitude less than WVTR for the reference single-density Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} layer. This improvement is attributed to the location mismatch of paths for atmospheric gases, such as O{sub 2} and H{sub 2}O, in the film due to different densities in the layers. This mechanism is analyzed by high resolution transmission electron microscopy, elastic recoil detection, and angle resolved X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. These results confirmed that the multi-density layer structure exhibits very good characteristics as an encapsulation layer via location mismatch of paths for H{sub 2}O and O{sub 2} between the two layers.

Jung, Hyunsoo [Division of Materials Science and Engineering, Hanyang University, Seoul 133-791 (Korea, Republic of); Samsung Display Co. Ltd., Tangjeong, Chungcheongnam-Do 336-741 (Korea, Republic of); Jeon, Heeyoung [Department of Nano-scale Semiconductor Engineering, Hanyang University, Seoul 133-791 (Korea, Republic of); Choi, Hagyoung; Ham, Giyul; Shin, Seokyoon [Division of Materials Science and Engineering, Hanyang University, Seoul 133-791 (Korea, Republic of); Jeon, Hyeongtag, E-mail: hjeon@hanyang.ac.kr [Division of Materials Science and Engineering, Hanyang University, Seoul 133-791 (Korea, Republic of); Department of Nano-scale Semiconductor Engineering, Hanyang University, Seoul 133-791 (Korea, Republic of)

2014-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

109

Inductively coupled plasma–reactive ion etching of c- and a-plane AlGaN over the entire Al composition range: Effect of BCl{sub 3} pretreatment in Cl{sub 2}/Ar plasma chemistry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Inductively coupled plasma (ICP)–reactive ion etching (RIE) patterning is a standard processing step for UV and optical photonic devices based on III-nitride materials. There is little research on ICP-RIE of high Al-content AlGaN alloys and for nonpolar nitride orientations. The authors present a comprehensive study of the ICP-RIE of c- and a-plane AlGaN in Cl{sub 2}/Ar plasma over the entire Al composition range. The authors find that the etch rate decreases in general with increasing Al content, with different behavior for c- and a-plane AlGaN. They also study the effect of BCl{sub 3} deoxidizing plasma pretreatment. An ICP deoxidizing BCl{sub 3} plasma with the addition of argon is more efficient in removal of surface oxides from Al{sub x}Ga{sub 1?x}N than RIE alone. These experiments show that Al{sub x}Ga{sub 1?x}N etching is affected by the higher binding energy of AlN and the higher affinity of oxygen to aluminum compared to gallium, with oxides on a-plane AlGaN more difficult to etch as compared to oxides on c-plane AlGaN, specifically for high Al composition materials. The authors achieve reasonably high etch rate (?350 nm/min) for high Al-content materials with a smooth surface morphology at a low DC bias of ??45 VDC.

Shah, Amit P.; Laskar, Masihhur R.; Azizur Rahman, A.; Gokhale, Maheshwar R.; Bhattacharya, Arnab [Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Homi Bhabha Road, Colaba, Mumbai 400005 (India)] [Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Homi Bhabha Road, Colaba, Mumbai 400005 (India)

2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

110

Investigation on the Excitation Capacitor for a Wind Pumping Plant Using Induction Generator  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a SEIG-IM system using a self excited induction generator driven by wind turbine and supplying an induction motor which is coupled to a centrifugal...

Manel Ouali; Mohamed Ben Ali Kamoun…

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Improvements in Inductively Coupled Plasma - Mass Spectrometry...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Simpler sampling can reduce the hazards, costs and complexity of site assessment, and that's what's on the way for an established analytical technique. Scientists are modifying...

112

REVIEW OF INDUCTION LINACS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Induction Acceleration Cavity and Voitage Generator INPUTgenerator become paramount. Because almost all of the inductiongenerator to pulse both an ion-diode - to supply the protons - and a downstream induction

Faltens, A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Hybrid-secondary uncluttered induction machine  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An uncluttered secondary induction machine (100) includes an uncluttered rotating transformer (66) which is mounted on the same shaft as the rotor (73) of the induction machine. Current in the rotor (73) is electrically connected to current in the rotor winding (67) of the transformer, which is not electrically connected to, but is magnetically coupled to, a stator secondary winding (40). The stator secondary winding (40) is alternately connected to an effective resistance (41), an AC source inverter (42) or a magnetic switch (43) to provide a cost effective slip-energy-controlled, adjustable speed, induction motor that operates over a wide speed range from below synchronous speed to above synchronous speed based on the AC line frequency fed to the stator.

Hsu, John S. (Oak Ridge, TN)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Beam Dynamics for Induction Accelerators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dynamics for Induction Accelerators Edward P. Lee Lawrencea natural candidate accelerator for a heavy ion fusion (HIF)words: Fusion, Induction, Accelerators, Dynamics This work

Lee, E.P.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Induction melter apparatus  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Apparatus and methods of operation are provided for a cold-crucible-induction melter for vitrifying waste wherein a single induction power supply may be used to effect a selected thermal distribution by independently energizing at least two inductors. Also, a bottom drain assembly may be heated by an inductor and may include an electrically resistive heater. The bottom drain assembly may be cooled to solidify molten material passing therethrough to prevent discharge of molten material therefrom. Configurations are provided wherein the induction flux skin depth substantially corresponds with the central longitudinal axis of the crucible. Further, the drain tube may be positioned within the induction flux skin depth in relation to material within the crucible or may be substantially aligned with a direction of flow of molten material within the crucible. An improved head design including four shells forming thermal radiation shields and at least two gas-cooled plenums is also disclosed.

Roach, Jay A [Idaho Falls, ID; Richardson, John G [Idaho Falls, ID; Raivo, Brian D [Idaho Falls, ID; Soelberg, Nicholas R [Idaho Falls, ID

2008-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

116

Linear induction accelerator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A linear induction accelerator includes a plurality of adder cavities arranged in a series and provided in a structure which is evacuated so that a vacuum inductance is provided between each adder cavity and the structure. An energy storage system for the adder cavities includes a pulsed current source and a respective plurality of bipolar converting networks connected thereto. The bipolar high-voltage, high-repetition-rate square pulse train sets and resets the cavities. 4 figs.

Buttram, M.T.; Ginn, J.W.

1988-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

117

Control of power to an inductively heated part  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A process for induction hardening a part to a desired depth with an AC signal applied to the part from a closely coupled induction coil includes measuring the voltage of the AC signal at the coil and the current passing through the coil; and controlling the depth of hardening of the part from the measured voltage and current. The control system determines parameters of the part that are functions of applied voltage and current to the induction coil, and uses a neural network to control the application of the AC signal based on the detected functions for each part. 6 figs.

Adkins, D.R.; Frost, C.A.; Kahle, P.M.; Kelley, J.B.; Stanton, S.L.

1997-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

118

Low inductance connector assembly  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A busbar connector assembly for coupling first and second terminals on a two-terminal device to first and second contacts on a power module is provided. The first terminal resides proximate the first contact and the second terminal resides proximate the second contact. The assembly comprises a first bridge having a first end configured to be electrically coupled to the first terminal, and a second end configured to be electrically coupled to the second contact, and a second bridge substantially overlapping the first bridge and having a first end electrically coupled to the first contact, and a second end electrically coupled to the second terminal.

Holbrook, Meghan Ann; Carlson, Douglas S

2013-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

119

School of Engineering: Induction 2014  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- Civil Engineering - Civil Engineering with Architecture - Audio Visual Engineering - ElectronicSchool of Engineering: Induction 2014 Thursday 18 September 2014 The induction programme specific discipline with whom you will be working throughout your degree. Aerospace Engineering

Glasgow, University of

120

Effects of N{sub 2} remote plasma nitridation on the structural and electrical characteristics of the HfO{sub 2} gate dielectrics grown using remote plasma atomic layer deposition methods  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The characteristics of remote plasma atomic layer deposited HfO{sub 2} on Si, which has a very thin SiO{sub 2} interlayer with and without remote plasma nitridation (RPN), have been investigated. Small amounts of N atoms were successfully incorporated by RPN pretreatment, in which the dominant emission species were excited atomic nitrogen (N{sup *}) and excited molecular nitrogen (N{sub 2}{sup *}), into a very thin SiO{sub 2} interlayer for the growth of HfO{sub 2} thin film. The thin ({approx}1.5 nm) intermediate layer containing nitrogen, which was prepared by sequential O{sub 2} and N{sub 2} remote plasma treatment of the Si substrate, can effectively suppress growth of the unintentional interface layer. In addition, it enhances the thermal stability and the resistance to oxygen diffusion during rapid thermal annealing. The HfO{sub 2} film containing the remote plasma nitrided SiO{sub 2} interlayer annealed at 800 deg. C showed a lower equivalent oxide thickness of {approx}1.89 nm and a lower leakage current density (3.78x10{sup -7} A cm{sup -2} at |V{sub G}-V{sub FB}|=2 V) compared to a non-nitrided sample of the same physical thickness. Also, we compared the characteristics of HfO{sub 2} films annealed in two different ambient environments, N{sub 2} and O{sub 2}.

Choi, Jihoon; Kim, Seokhoon; Kim, Jinwoo; Kang, Hyunseok; Jeon, Hyeongtag; Bae, Choelhwyi [Division of Materials Science and Engineering, Hanyang University, Seoul 133-791 (Korea, Republic of); Department of Physics, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695 (United States)

2006-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inductively coupled plasma-atomic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

INDUCTION, SPACE AND POSITIVE ETHICS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INDUCTION, SPACE AND POSITIVE ETHICS MARVIN E. KIRSH One may purport that ones' awareness of space of it are elemental --i.e. conceptually non reducible and that from which all emanates. The words non-ethical induction, entailing the existence of ethical induction, if compared in a corresponding manner (to

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

122

Guided Exploration: an Inductive Minimalist Approach for Teaching Tool-related Concepts and Techniques  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper we introduce Guided Exploration as an inductive teaching approach. It is based on Minimalism and makes use of the pattern format. Guided Exploration addresses a couple of problems when teaching tool-related concepts and techniques, like ... Keywords: Educational Patterns, Inductive Teaching, Learning Styles

Christian Köppe; Rick Rodin

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Low inductance busbar assembly  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A busbar assembly for electrically coupling first and second busbars to first and second contacts, respectively, on a power module is provided. The assembly comprises a first terminal integrally formed with the first busbar, a second terminal integrally formed with the second busbar and overlapping the first terminal, a first bridge electrode having a first tab electrically coupled to the first terminal and overlapping the first and second terminals, and a second tab electrically coupled to the first contact, a second bridge electrode having a third tab electrically coupled to the second terminal, and overlapping the first and second terminals and the first tab, and a fourth tab electrically coupled to the second contact, and a fastener configured to couple the first tab to the first terminal, and the third tab to the second terminal.

Holbrook, Meghan Ann (Manhattan Beach, CA)

2010-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

124

Feedback regulated induction heater for a flowing fluid  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A regulated induction heater for heating a stream of flowing fluid to a predetermined desired temperature. The heater includes a radiofrequency induction coil which surrounds a glass tube through which the fluid flows. A heating element consisting of a bundle of approximately 200 stainless steel capillary tubes located within the glass tube couples the output of the induction coil to the fluid. The temperature of the fluid downstream from the heating element is sensed with a platinum resistance thermometer, the output of which is applied to an adjustable porportional and integral feedback control circuit which regulates the power applied to the induction coil. The heater regulates the fluid temperature to within 0.005/sup 0/C at a flow rate of 50 cm/sup 3//sec with a response time of less than 0.1 second, and can accommodate changes in heat load up to 1500 watts.

Migliori, A.; Swift, G.W.

1984-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

125

Feedback regulated induction heater for a flowing fluid  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A regulated induction heater for heating a stream of flowing fluid to a predetermined desired temperature. The heater includes a radiofrequency induction coil which surrounds a glass tube through which the fluid flows. A heating element consisting of a bundle of approximately 200 stainless steel capillary tubes located within the glass tube couples the output of the induction coil to the fluid. The temperature of the fluid downstream from the heating element is sensed with a platinum resistance thermometer, the output of which is applied to an adjustable proportional and integral feedback control circuit which regulates the power applied to the induction coil. The heater regulates the fluid temperature to within 0.005.degree. C. at a flow rate of 50 cm.sup.3 /second with a response time of less than 0.1 second, and can accommodate changes in heat load up to 1500 watts.

Migliori, Albert (Santa Fe, NM); Swift, Gregory W. (Los Alamos, NM)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Harmonic control of multiple-stator induction machines for voltage regulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Small, one to a few horsepower, three-phase induction machines with three sets of electrically-isolated, magnetically-coupled stator winding circuits are described. A voltage inverter is developed and used to drive one set ...

Holloway, Jack Wade, 1980-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Advances in induction heating  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electric induction heating, in situ, can distill (underground) high-heat-value (HHV) gas, coal tar, bitumen, and shale oil. This technique permits potentially lower cost exploitation of the solid fossil fuels: coal, oil shale, tar sand, and heavy oil. The products, when brought to the surface in gaseous form and processed, yield chemical feedstocks, natural gas, and petroleum. Residual coke can be converted, in situ, to low-heat-value (LHV) gas by a conventional water-gas process. LHV can be burned at the surface to generate electricity at low cost. The major cost of the installation will have been paid for by the HHV gas and tar distilled from the coal. There are 2 mechanisms of heating by electric induction. One uses displacement currents induced from an electric field. The other uses eddy currents induced by a magnetic field.

Not Available

1980-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

128

Superconducting inductive displacement detection of a microcantilever  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We demonstrate a superconducting inductive technique to measure the displacement of a micromechanical resonator. In our scheme, a type I superconducting microsphere is attached to the free end of a microcantilever and approached to the loop of a dc Superconducting Quantum Interference Device (SQUID) microsusceptometer. A local magnetic field as low as 100 $\\mu$T, generated by a field coil concentric to the SQUID, enables detection of the cantilever thermomechanical noise at $4.2$ K. The magnetomechanical coupling and the magnetic spring are in good agreement with image method calculations assuming pure Meissner effect. These measurements are relevant to recent proposals of quantum magnetomechanics experiments based on levitating superconducting microparticles.

Andrea Vinante

2014-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

129

Effects of additive C{sub 4}F{sub 8} during inductively coupled BCl{sub 3}/C{sub 4}F{sub 8}/Ar plasma etching of TaN and HfO{sub 2} for gate stack patterning  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this work, the authors investigated the etching characteristics of TaN and HfO{sub 2} layers for gate stack patterning in BCl{sub 3}/Ar and BCl{sub 3}/C{sub 4}F{sub 8}/Ar inductively coupled plasmas and the effects of C{sub 4}F{sub 8} addition on the etch selectivity of the TaN to the HfO{sub 2} layer. Addition of C{sub 4}F{sub 8} gas to the BCl{sub 3}/Ar chemistry improved the TaN/HfO{sub 2} etch selectivity because adding the C{sub 4}F{sub 8} gas enhances the formation of the CF{sub x}Cl{sub y} passivation layer on HfO{sub 2} surface and decreased the HfO{sub 2} etch rate more rapidly than the TaN etch rate in a disproportionate way. Reduction in the etch time for HfO{sub 2} layer also increases the TaN/HfO{sub 2} etch selectivity because the etch time gets closer to the initiation time for HfO{sub 2} etching.

Ko, J. H.; Kim, D. Y.; Park, M. S.; Lee, N.-E.; Lee, S. S.; Ahn, Jinho; Mok, Hyungsoo [School of Advanced Materials Science and Engineering, and Center for Advanced Plasma Surface Technology, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon, Kyunggi-do 440-746 (Korea, Republic of); Division of Advanced Materials Science and Engineering, Hanyang University, Seoul 133-791 (Korea, Republic of); Department of Electrical Engineering, Konkuk University, 1 Hwayangdong, Gwangjingu, Seoul 143-701 (Korea, Republic of)

2007-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

130

Loop-to-loop coupling.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report estimates inductively-coupled energy to a low-impedance load in a loop-to-loop arrangement. Both analytical models and full-wave numerical simulations are used and the resulting fields, coupled powers and energies are compared. The energies are simply estimated from the coupled powers through approximations to the energy theorem. The transmitter loop is taken to be either a circular geometry or a rectangular-loop (stripline-type) geometry that was used in an experimental setup. Simple magnetic field models are constructed and used to estimate the mutual inductance to the receiving loop, which is taken to be circular with one or several turns. Circuit elements are estimated and used to determine the coupled current and power (an equivalent antenna picture is also given). These results are compared to an electromagnetic simulation of the transmitter geometry. Simple approximate relations are also given to estimate coupled energy from the power. The effect of additional loads in the form of attached leads, forming transmission lines, are considered. The results are summarized in a set of susceptibility-type curves. Finally, we also consider drives to the cables themselves and the resulting common-to-differential mode currents in the load.

Warne, Larry Kevin; Lucero, Larry Martin; Langston, William L.; Salazar, Robert Austin; Coleman, Phillip Dale; Basilio, Lorena I.; Bacon, Larry Donald

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Induction Linac Pulsers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The pulsers used in most of the induction linacs evolved from the very large body of work that was done in the U.S. and Great Britain during the development of the pulsed magnetron for radar. The radar modulators started at {approx}100 kW and reached >10 MW by 1945. A typical pulse length was 1 {mu}s at a repetition rate of 1,000 pps. A very comprehensive account of the modulator development is Pulse Generators by Lebacqz and Glasoe, one of the Radiation Laboratory Series. There are many permutations of possible modulators, two of the choices being tube type and line type. In earlier notes I wrote that technically the vacuum tube pulser met all of our induction linac needs, in the sense that a number of tubes, in series and parallel if required, could produce our pulses, regulate their voltage, be useable in feed-forward correctors, and provide a low source impedance. At a lower speed, an FET array is similar, and we have obtained and tested a large array capable of >10 MW switching. A modulator with an electronically controlled output only needs a capacitor for energy storage and in a switched mode can transfer the energy from the capacitor to the load at high efficiency. Driving a full size Astron induction core and a simulated resistive 'beam load' we achieved >50% efficiency. These electronically controlled output pulses can produce the pulses we desire but are not used because of their high cost. The second choice, the line type pulser, visually comprises a closing switch and a distributed or a lumped element transmission line. The typical switch cannot open or stop conducting after the desired pulse has been produced, and consequently all of the initially stored energy is dissipated. This approximately halves the efficiency, and the original cost estimating program LIACEP used this factor of two, even though our circuits are usually worse, and even though our inveterate optimists often omit it. The 'missing' energy is that which is reflected back into the line from mismatches, the energy left in the accelerator module's capacitance, the energy lost in the switch during switching and during the pulse, and the energy lost in the pulse line charging circuit. For example, a simple resistor-limited power supply dissipates as much energy as it delivers to the pulse forming line, giving a factor if two by itself, therefore efficiency requires a more complicated charging system.

Faltens, Andris

2011-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

132

Inductive.PDF  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

EV- EV- -INDUCTIVE Panasonic NiMH Battery ELECTRIC TRANSPORTATION DIVISION Ricardo Solares Juan Argueta October 1999 2 DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTIES AND LIMITATION OF LIABILITIES THIS REPORT WAS PREPARED BY THE ELECTRIC TRANSPORTATION DIVISION OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA EDISON, A SUBSIDIARY OF EDISON INTERNATIONAL. NEITHER THE ELECTRIC TRANSPORTATION DIVISION OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA EDISON, SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA EDISON, EDISON INTERNATIONAL, NOR ANY PERSON WORKING FOR OR ON BEHALF OF ANY OF THEM MAKES ANY WARRANTY OR REPRESENTATION, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, (I) WITH RESPECT TO THE USE OF ANY INFORMATION, PRODUCT, PROCESS OR PROCEDURE DISCUSSED IN THIS REPORT, INCLUDING MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, OR (II) THAT SUCH USE DOES NOT INFRINGE UPON OR INTERFERE WITH RIGHTS OF

133

Electromagnetic induction in accelerated conductors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Boundary conditions are derived for the interfaces of a conductor moving across an external magnetic field in an ambient medium (vacuum or nonconductor), which consider the emission of electromagnetic waves from the conductor surface as a result of electromagnetic induction. These boundary conditions are applied to the initial-boundary-value problem for the electromagnetic induction in a conducting slab, which is accelerated across a homogeneous magnetic field to a nonrelativistic velocity. Fourier-series solutions are presented for the transient electromagnetic fields in the moving conductor and the discontinuous electromagnetic waves in the ambient space. It is shown that the transient electromagnetic fields inside and outside the conductor are due to two mechanisms, i.e., "velocity induction" (ordinary induction) and "acceleration induction" [dv?(t)dt?0?]. The latter result cannot be explained by means of the Lorentz transformation, which is valid only for constant conductor velocities (inertial frames).

H. E. Wilhelm

1982-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Mass Spectrometer: Inductively Coupled Plasma (ICP-MS), Multi...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

was completed in February 2011. Although no research has been performed beyond an initial exploration of the Neptune's capabilities, potential users have been contacted in both the...

135

Inductively Coupled Plasma Etching of Bulk Titanium for MEMS Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with admixtures of O2;5 Cl2/BCl3;6 Cl2/N2;7 CF4, CF4/O2, SiCl4, SiCl4/CF4, and CHF3;8 CF4/O2;9 and SF6.10 Although

MacDonald, Noel C.

136

On nonlinear effects in inductively coupled plasmas A. Smolyakov  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Engineering Physics, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, S7N 5E2 Canada V. Godyak OSRAM of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, S7N 5E2 Canada Received 15 March 2000; accepted 28 July 2000 Nonlinear

Smolyakov, Andrei

137

Nonlinear effects in inductively coupled plasmasa... A. I. Smolyakovb)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Engineering Physics, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan S7N 5E2, Canada V. A. Godyak OSRAM and Engineering Physics, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan S7N 5E2, Canada Received 18 November

Smolyakov, Andrei

138

Improvements to Laser Ablation-Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

for trace elemental analysis of solids. Trace element composition can be useful in forensic applications for matching or attribution studies, in which a material recovered from...

139

Helix coupling  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A coupling for connecting helix members in series, which consists of a pair of U-shaped elements, one of which is attached to each helix end with the U sections of the elements interlocked. The coupling is particularly beneficial for interconnecting helical Nitinol elements utilized in thermal actuators or engines. Each coupling half is attached to the associated helix at two points, thereby providing axial load while being easily removed from the helix, and reusable.

Ginell, W.S.

1982-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

140

Synthesis and Evaluation of a Novel Hybrid Polymer Containing Manganese and Iron Oxides as a Sorbent for As(III) and As(V) Removal  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The obtained solutions, after dilution, were analyzed for content of both metals using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy ICP-AES (Varian Liberty). ... This research project was supported by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of Poland in the years 2009–2012 (Project No. N N523 418537). ...

Irena Jacukowicz-Sobala; Daniel Oci?ski; El?bieta Kocio?ek-Balawejder

2013-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inductively coupled plasma-atomic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

A Novel Carbon Monoxide-Releasing Molecule Fully Protects Mice from Severe Malaria  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...temperature under a nitrogen atmosphere. The solution was concentrated...C O) cm deltaH (400 MHz, D2O) 2.23 (3H...an inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometer...growth factor (VEGF) in plasma samples was determined...elevated VEGF levels in plasma, followed by death between...

Ana C. Pena; Nuno Penacho; Liliana Mancio-Silva; Rita Neres; João D. Seixas; Afonso C. Fernandes; Carlos C. Romão; Maria M. Mota; Gonçalo J. L. Bernardes; Ana Pamplona

2011-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

142

Induction-drive magnetohydrodynamic propulsion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The use of magnetohydrodynamic propulsion for marine applications is reviewed with emphasis on induction- ... . Comparisons are made with direct-drive MHD propulsion systems. Application to pumps for hazardous fl...

D. L. Mitchell; D. U. Gubser

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Inductively generated formal topologies Thierry Coquand  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Inductively generated formal topologies Thierry Coquand , Giovanni Sambin , Jan Smith , Silvio of the main tools in formal topology: inductive generation. In fact, many formal topologies can be presented in a predicative way by an inductive generation and thus their properties can be proved inductively. Contents 1

Valentini, Silvio

144

Viscosity Effects in Acoustic Inductances  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The linear acousticinductance and resistance of narrow circular tubes short compared to a wavelength have usually been represented by limiting formulas valid either for very low frequencies (viscous flow) or for relatively high frequencies (pistonlike displacement). Crandall's text gives a general mathematical development with particular stress on resistance but variation of inductance with frequency and viscosity has not been discussed generally nor has numerical reduction of mathematical results been generally available. The present paper describes quantitatively the dependence of inductance and resistance upon the general parameter radius times square root of the quantity density times frequency divided by viscosity. With increase of this parameter resistance increases while inductance diminishes from the “static” value to the limiting “high frequency” value. Experimental checks are made to ascertain whether resistance values are strongly affected by flow?transition end?effects found in hydraulics. Impedance?tube studies are made of five tube diameters from 0.0187 to 0.750 in. at 50 to 167 c/sec. Length/diameter is approximately 10 to render inductance end?corrections relatively small. Acoustic pressures are reduced until linear behavior appears. Measured resistance is generally within five percent of calculation as resistance increases to twice the “static” value. Measured inductance generally agrees with calculation within limits of the end?correction over the range of significant variation.

A. W. Nolle

1951-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Unique Challenges of Managing Inductive Knowledge  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 p 1 Abstract Unique Challenges of Managing Inductive Knowledge produc� ing statistical significance inductive bias David Jensen Executive Summary Statistical Significance knowledge dis� covery Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery Intelligent Data Analysis et al. Tools for inducing knowledge from

Jensen, David

146

Six-phase induction machine operating as a stand-alone self-excited induction generator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Six-phase induction machine operating as a stand- alone self-excited induction generator Kamel-excited induction generator and supplying various loads under different conditions are presented. Firstly, the dynamic model of the power generation system is developed considering the magnetizing inductance

Brest, Université de

147

Two-Temperature Two-Dimensional Non Chemical Equilibrium Modeling of Ar–CO2–H2 Induction Thermal Plasmas at Atmospheric Pressure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Here the authors developed a two-dimensional two-temperature chemical non-equilibrium (2T-NCE) model of Ar–...2–H2 inductively coupled thermal plasmas (ICTP) around atmospheric pressure (760 torr). Assuming 22 di...

Sharif Abdullah Al-Mamun; Yasunori Tanaka…

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Collisionless electron heating by radio frequency bias in low gas pressure inductive discharge  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We show experimental observations of collisionless electron heating by the combinations of the capacitive radio frequency (RF) bias power and the inductive power in low argon gas pressure RF biased inductively coupled plasma (ICP). With small RF bias powers in the ICP, the electron energy distribution (EED) evolved from bi-Maxwellian distribution to Maxwellian distribution by enhanced plasma bulk heating and the collisionless sheath heating was weak. In the capacitive RF bias dominant regime, however, high energy electrons by the RF bias were heated on the EEDs in the presence of the ICP. The collisionless heating mechanism of the high energy electrons transited from collisionless inductive heating to capacitive coupled collisionless heating by the electron bounce resonance in the RF biased ICP.

Lee, Hyo-Chang; Chung, Chin-Wook [Department of Electrical Engineering, Hanyang University, Seoul 133-791 (Korea, Republic of)

2012-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

149

Method of Evaluating the Zero-Sequence Inductance Ratio for Electrical Luis De Sousa, IEEE member  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

concerning the electrical machine design. Keywords Zero-sequence machine, mutual inductance, permanent magnet-phase machine with electrically independent phases. From a magnetic point of view, some couplings between phases shaft cannot move during the battery charge. In traction mode, the grid is not connected to the EM

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

150

Non-carbon induction furnace  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention is directed to an induction furnace for melting and casting highly pure metals and alloys such as uranium and uranium alloys in such a manner as to minimize contamination of the melt by carbon derived from the materials and the environment within the furnace. The subject furnace is constructed of non-carbon materials and is housed within a conventional vacuum chamber. The furnace comprises a ceramic oxide crucible for holding the charge of metal or alloys. The heating of the crucible is achieved by a plasma-sprayed tungsten susceptor surrounding the crucible which, in turn, is heated by an rf induction coil separated from the susceptor by a cylinder of inorganic insulation. The furnace of the present invention is capable of being rapidly cycled from ambient temperatures to about 1650/sup 0/C for effectively melting uranium and uranium alloys without the attendant carbon contamination problems previously encountered when using carbon-bearing furnace materials.

Holcombe, C.E.; Masters, D.R.; Pfeiler, W.A.

1984-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

151

Segmented rail linear induction motor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A segmented rail linear induction motor has a segmented rail consisting of a plurality of nonferrous electrically conductive segments aligned along a guideway. The motor further includes a carriage including at least one pair of opposed coils fastened to the carriage for moving the carriage. A power source applies an electric current to the coils to induce currents in the conductive surfaces to repel the coils from adjacent edges of the conductive surfaces.

Cowan, Jr., Maynard (1107 Stagecoach Rd. SE., Albuquerque, NM 87123); Marder, Barry M. (1412 Pinnacle View Dr. NE., Albuquerque, NM 87123)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Segmented rail linear induction motor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A segmented rail linear induction motor has a segmented rail consisting of a plurality of nonferrous electrically conductive segments aligned along a guideway. The motor further includes a carriage including at least one pair of opposed coils fastened to the carriage for moving the carriage. A power source applies an electric current to the coils to induce currents in the conductive surfaces to repel the coils from adjacent edges of the conductive surfaces. 6 figs.

Cowan, M. Jr.; Marder, B.M.

1996-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

153

Induction slag reduction process for making titanium  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Continuous process for preparing titanium comprising fluorinating titanium ore, and reducing the formed alkaline earth fluotitanate with an alkaline earth metal in an induction slag reactor.

Traut, Davis E. (Corvallis, OR)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Coupled 182W-142Nd constraint for early Earth differentiation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...asymptotically approach horizontal and vertical on...large effect on the horizontal asymptote by the...formation of the Solar System...measured by multiple-collector inductively coupled...Meteoritic and solar . Geochim Cosmochim Acta...materials using multiple collector-ICP-mass spectrometry...

Frederic Moynier; Qing-Zhu Yin; Keita Irisawa; Maud Boyet; Benjamin Jacobsen; Minik T. Rosing

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Exponentiation of unary topologies over inductively generated formal topologies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Exponentiation of unary topologies over inductively generated formal topologies Maria Emilia topologies are exponentiable in the cat- egory of inductively generated formal topologies. From generated formal topologies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 2.5.1 Formal points of inductively generated

Valentini, Silvio

156

Generating Counterexamples for Structural Inductions by Exploiting Nonstandard Models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Generating Counterexamples for Structural Inductions by Exploiting Nonstandard Models Jasmin 2 Dept. of CSE, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden Abstract. Induction proofs the theorem or prove auxiliary properties before performing the induction step. (Counter)model finders

Cengarle, María Victoria

157

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Tocco Induction Heating...  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Tocco Induction Heating Div of Ohio Crankshaft Co - OH 42 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: TOCCO INDUCTION HEATING, DIV. OF OHIO CRANKSHAFT CO. (OH.42 ) Eliminated from consideration...

158

Cold Crucible Induction Melter Studies for Making Glass Ceramic...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Cold Crucible Induction Melter Studies for Making Glass Ceramic Waste Forms: A Feasibility Assessment. Cold Crucible Induction Melter Studies for Making Glass Ceramic Waste Forms:...

159

Order, Topology, and Recursion Induction in CSP  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recursion induction is a method for proving that CSP processes which are defined as the least fixed points of some Scott-continuous function from a complete partial order on the set of all processes to itself mee...

Mike Reed

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

From Inductance Loops to Vehicle Trajectories  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to Vehicle Trajectories ­ p.2/19 #12;Birmingham Box motorway system 000000 111111 00 0000 11 1111 J4 J5 J6-identification for e.g. incident detection) From Inductance Loops to Vehicle Trajectories ­ p.8/19 #12;6 sites � 20sFrom Inductance Loops to Vehicle Trajectories R. Eddie Wilson, University of Bristol EPSRC Advanced

Bertini, Robert L.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inductively coupled plasma-atomic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

On -Induction, Chiral Generators and Modular Invariants for Subfactors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On -Induction, Chiral Generators and Modular Invariants for Subfactors Jens B¨ockenhauer and David apply -induction and, developing further some ideas of Ocneanu, we define chiral generators -Induction, Chiral Generators and Modular Invariants 43 5.1 Relating -induction to chiral generators

Kawahigashi, Yasuyuki

162

Inductively generated formal topologies Thierry Coquand y , Giovanni Sambin z ,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Inductively generated formal topologies Thierry Coquand y , Giovanni Sambin z , Jan Smith y topology: inductive generation. In fact, many formal topologies can be presented in a predicative way by an inductive generation and thus their properties can be proved inductively. We show however that some natural

Coquand, Thierry

163

Design and analysis of multiphase DC-DC converters with coupled inductors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(1 4)( 2-3 ) ( || )short k m kL with shorted L L L- = + (5) If Lm>>Lk, then (1 4) 2short kL L- = (6) This is measurement is often used to measure the leakage... inductance in transformer applications because it is assumed that Lm>>Lk. However, for the coupled inductor, this is not the case, and as such Lshort does not lead to a clear or direct measurement of the leakage inductance. A better measurement...

Shi, Meng

2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

164

The Model Coupling Toolkit  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The advent of coupled earth system models has raised an important question in parallel computing: What is the most effective method for coupling many parallel models to form one high-performance coupled modeling system? We present our solution to this ...

Jay Walter Larson; Robert L. Jacob; Ian T. Foster; Jing Guo

2001-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Thyristor stack for pulsed inductive plasma generation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A thyristor stack for pulsed inductive plasma generation has been developed and tested. The stack design includes a free wheeling diode assembly for current reversal. Triggering of the device is achieved by a high side biased, self supplied gate driver unit using gating energy derived from a local snubber network. The structure guarantees a hard firing gate pulse for the required high dI/dt application. A single fiber optic command is needed to achieve a simultaneous turn on of the thyristors. The stack assembly is used for switching a series resonant circuit with a ringing frequency of 30 kHz. In the prototype pulsed power system described here an inductive discharge has been generated with a pulse duration of 120 {mu}s and a pulse energy of 50 J. A maximum power transfer efficiency of 84% and a peak power of 480 kW inside the discharge were achieved. System tests were performed with a purely inductive load and an inductively generated plasma acting as a load through transformer action at a voltage level of 4.1 kV, a peak current of 5 kA, and a current switching rate of 1 kA/{mu}s.

Teske, C.; Jacoby, J.; Schweizer, W.; Wiechula, J. [Plasmaphysics Group, Institute of Applied Physics, Johann-Wolfgang-Goethe University, 60438 Frankfurt am Main (Germany)

2009-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

166

Voltage regulation in linear induction accelerators  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Improvement in voltage regulation in a Linear Induction Accelerator wherein a varistor, such as a metal oxide varistor, is placed in parallel with the beam accelerating cavity and the magnetic core. The non-linear properties of the varistor result in a more stable voltage across the beam accelerating cavity than with a conventional compensating resistance.

Parsons, William M. (Santa Fe, NM)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Voltage regulation in linear induction accelerators  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Improvement in voltage regulation in a linear induction accelerator wherein a varistor, such as a metal oxide varistor, is placed in parallel with the beam accelerating cavity and the magnetic core is disclosed. The non-linear properties of the varistor result in a more stable voltage across the beam accelerating cavity than with a conventional compensating resistance. 4 figs.

Parsons, W.M.

1992-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

168

Steady-state inductive spheromak operation  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The inductively formed spheromak configuration (S-1) can be maintained in a highly stable and controlled fashion. The method described eliminates the restriction to pulsed spheromak plasmas or the use of electrodes for steady-state operation, and, therefore, is a reactor-relevant formation and sustainment method.

Janos, A.C.; Jardin, S.C.; Yamada, M.

1985-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

169

Steady-state inductive spheromak operation  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The inductively formed spheromak plasma can be maintained in a highly stable and controlled fashion. Steady-state operation is obtained by forming the plasma in the linked mode, then oscillating the poloidal and toroidal fields such that they have different phases. Preferably, the poloidal and magnetic fields are 90.degree. out of phase.

Janos, Alan C. (E. Windsor, NJ); Jardin, Stephen C. (Princeton, NJ); Yamada, Masaaki (Lawrenceville, NJ)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Induction Lighting: An Old Lighting Technology Made New Again | Department  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Induction Lighting: An Old Lighting Technology Made New Again Induction Lighting: An Old Lighting Technology Made New Again Induction Lighting: An Old Lighting Technology Made New Again July 27, 2009 - 5:00am Addthis John Lippert Induction lighting is one of the best kept secrets in energy-efficient lighting. Simply stated, induction lighting is essentially a fluorescent light without electrodes or filaments, the items that frequently cause other bulbs to burn out quickly. Thus, many induction lighting units have an extremely long life of up to 100,000 hours. To put this in perspective, an induction lighting system lasting 100,000 hours will last more than 11 years in continuous 24/7 operation, and 25 years if operated 10 hours a day. The technology, however, is far from new. Nikola Tesla demonstrated induction lighting in the late 1890s around the same time that his rival,

171

Cold-Crucible Induction Melter Design and Development  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The international process for immobilization of high-activity waste from aqueous fuel reprocessing is vitrification. In the United States joule-heated melter technology has been implemented at West Valley and the Savannah River Site, but improved melter concepts are sought to bring down the costs of processing. The cold-crucible induction melter (CCIM) design is being evaluated for many applications, including radioactive wastes because it eliminates many materials and operating constraints inherent in the baseline technology. The cold-crucible design is also smaller, less expensive, and generates much less waste for ultimate disposal. In addition, it should allow a much more flexible operating envelope, which will be crucial if the heterogeneous wastes at the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) reprocessing sites are to be vitrified.A joule-heated melter operates by passing current between water-cooled electrodes through a molten pool in a refractory-lined chamber. This design is inherently limited by susceptibility of materials to corrosion and melting. In addition, redox conditions and free metal content have exacerbated materials problems or lead to electrical short-circuiting causing failures in developmental DOE melters. In contrast, the CCIM design is based on inductive coupling of a water-cooled high-frequency electrical coil with the glass, causing eddy currents that produce heat and mixing.While significant marketing claims have been made by technology suppliers and developers, little data is available for engineering and economic evaluation of the technology, and no facilities are available in the United States to support testing. In addition to verifying the capabilities of the technology, further development can exploit opportunities for optimization through better understanding of the electromagnetic thermal phenomena intrinsic to the cold-crucible melter. Induction frequency, applied power, and coil and crucible configuration are all related but independent variables that can be explored to optimize throughput while designing a system for maximum reliability in a remote environment. This paper is an introduction to the technology as it applies to vitrification of materials not electrically conductive at ambient temperatures, the potential for research improvements, and the new system being built at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory.

Gombert, Dirk; Richardson, John R. [Bechtel BWXT Idaho, LLC (United States)

2003-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

172

Recirculating induction accelerator as a low-cost driver for heavy ion fusion  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As a fusion driver, a heavy ion accelerator offers the advantages of efficient target coupling, high reliability, and long stand-off focusing. While the projected cost of conventional heavy ion fusion (HIF) drivers based on multiple beam induction linacs are quite competitive with other inertial driver options, a driver solution which reduces the cost by a factor of two or more will make the case for HIF truly compelling. The recirculating induction accelerator has the potential of large cost reductions. For this reason, an intensive study of the recirculator concept was performed by a team from LLNL and LBL over the past year. We have constructed a concrete point design example of a 4 MJ driver with a projected efficiency of 35% and projected cost of less than 500 million dollars. A detailed report of our findings during this year of intensive studies has been recently completed. 3 refs., 2 figs., 2 tabs.

Barnard, J.J.; Newton, M.A.; Reginato, L.L.; Sharp, W.M.; Shay, H.D.; Yu, S.S.

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Induction Generation Ostrowski Recognition Discrete geometry and numeration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Induction Generation Ostrowski Recognition Discrete geometry and numeration V. Berth´e LIRMM;Induction Generation Ostrowski Recognition A classical problem in Diophantine approximation How to approximate a line in R3 by points in Z3 ? How to define a discrete line in R3? #12;Induction Generation

174

Design of Double Salient Interior Permanent Magnet Machine Based on Mutually Coupled  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Design of Double Salient Interior Permanent Magnet Machine Based on Mutually Coupled Reluctance--This paper presents a novel structure of double salient interior permanent magnet machine (DSIPM machine-- double salient, d-axis and q-axis inductances, cogging torque, permanent magnets, flux

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

175

Spheromak Formation by Steady Inductive Helicity Injection  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A spheromak is formed for the first time using a new steady state inductive helicity injection method. Using two inductive injectors with odd symmetry and oscillating at 5.8 kHz, a steady state spheromak with even symmetry is formed and sustained through nonlinear relaxation. A spheromak with about 13 kA of toroidal current is formed and sustained using about 3 MW of power. This is a much lower power threshold for spheromak production than required for electrode-based helicity injection. Internal magnetic probe data, including oscillations driven by the injectors, agree with the plasma being in the Taylor state. The agreement is remarkable considering the only fitting parameter is the amplitude of the spheromak component of the state.

T. R. Jarboe; W. T. Hamp; G. J. Marklin; B. A. Nelson; R. G. O’Neill; A. J. Redd; P. E. Sieck; R. J. Smith; J. S. Wrobel

2006-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

176

Exponentially modified QCD coupling  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a specific class of models for an infrared-finite analytic QCD coupling, such that at large spacelike energy scales the coupling differs from the perturbative one by less than any inverse power of the energy scale. This condition is motivated by the Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics operator product expansion philosophy. Allowed by the ambiguity in the analytization of the perturbative coupling, the proposed class of couplings has three parameters. In the intermediate energy region, the proposed coupling has low loop-level and renormalization scheme dependence. The present modification of perturbative QCD must be considered as a phenomenological attempt, with the aim of enlarging the applicability range of the theory of the strong interactions at low energies.

Cvetic, Gorazd [Department of Physics, Universidad Tecnica Federico Santa Maria, Valparaiso (Chile); Center of Subatomic Studies, UTFSM, Valparaiso (Chile); Valenzuela, Cristian [Department of Physics, Universidad Tecnica Federico Santa Maria, Valparaiso (Chile)

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

The model coupling toolkit.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The advent of coupled earth system models has raised an important question in parallel computing: What is the most effective method for coupling many parallel models to form a high-performance coupled modeling system? We present our solution to this problem--The Model Coupling Toolkit (MCT). We explain how our effort to construct the Next-Generation Coupler for NCAR Community Climate System Model motivated us to create this toolkit. We describe in detail the conceptual design of the MCT and explain its usage in constructing parallel coupled models. We present preliminary performance results for the toolkit's parallel data transfer facilities. Finally, we outline an agenda for future development of the MCT.

Larson, J. W.; Jacob, R. L.; Foster, I.; Guo, J.

2001-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

178

A Position Sensitive X-ray Spectrophotometer using Microwave Kinetic Inductance Detectors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The surface impedance of a superconductor changes when energy is absorbed and Cooper pairs are broken to produce single electron (quasiparticle) excitations. This change may be sensitively measured using a thin-film resonant circuit called a microwave kinetic inductance detector (MKID). The practical application of MKIDs for photon detection requires a method of efficiently coupling the photon energy to the MKID. We present results on position sensitive X-ray detectors made by using two aluminum MKIDs on either side of a tantalum photon absorber strip. Diffusion constants, recombination times, and energy resolution are reported. MKIDs can easily be scaled into large arrays.

Benjamin A. Mazin; Megan E. Eckart; Bruce Bumble; Sunil Golwala; Peter K. Day; Jonas Zmuidzinas; Fiona A. Harrison

2006-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

179

Induction Phenomena in Laser-Sustained Scramjets  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A preliminary study on induction phenomena in a laser-sustained scramjet was conducted. The induction processes include absorption process of a laser pulse by a reactive mixture, plasma formation, diffusion of active species, shock formation, thermalization process of ambient mixture, induction of local turbulence, etc. For observation of the initial phenomena, an experimental study on effects of a focused laser pulse (Nd:YAG, 335mJ/pulse, pulse width 5nsec) into a hydrogen-air mixture was conducted. Temporal evolutions of typical line spectrum of a laser-induced plasma of the mixture were measured with the photodiode or the photo-multiplier-tube through specific band-pass filters for each spectrum for OH, O+, N+, H, and O. It was shown that the emission from O abruptly increased at 2 nsec, peaked at about 5 nsec, followed by an abrupt drop at 6 nsec. The emission from H atoms secondly increased. Other emissions of N+, O+, and OH peaked at about 17 nsec and continued for about 1 msec.

Ohkawa, Yoko; Tamada, Kazunobu; Horisawa, Hideyuki [Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Tokai University, 1117 Kitakaname, Hiratsuka, Kanagawa, 259-1292 (Japan); Kimura, Itsuro [University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-8856 (Japan)

2005-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

180

Modal S-matrix method for the optimum design of inductively direct-coupled  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Arndt, Dr.-Ing., Sen.Mem.I.E.E.E., J. Bornemann, Dr.-Ing., D. Heckmann, Dipl.-lng., C. Piontek, Dipl.-lng., H. Semmerow, Dipl.-lng., and H. Schueler, Dipl.-lng. Indexing terms: Computer-aided design

Bornemann, Jens

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inductively coupled plasma-atomic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Radiation transport coupled particle-in-cell simulation of low-pressure inductive discharges  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-120, South Korea J. P. Verboncoeur Department of Nuclear Engineering, University of California, Berkeley of mercury causes disposal and environmental problems, rare gas mixture or rare gas­ halogen mixtures is warranted. The radiation trapping effect plays an important role in dis- charges using resonance radiation

Lee, Hae June

182

TEST OF THE PERFORMANCE AND CHARACTERISTICS OF A PROTOTYPE INDUCTIVE POWER COUPLING FOR ELECTRIC HIGHWAY SYSTEMS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

V min. Trojan J 217 lead acid batteries, 14 84 max. Bridgeexclusively on energy from batteries are well known, i.e. ,pack consisting of 12, 6-V batteries in series, i.e. , a 72-

Bolger, J.G.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Nanoscale gap filling for phase change material by pulsed deposition and inductively coupled plasma etching  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The gap filling of phase change material has become a critical module in the fabrication process of phase change random access memory (PCRAM) as the ... . We achieved void free gap filling of phase change material

W. C. Ren; B. Liu; Z. T. Song; X. Z. Jing; B. C. Zhang; Y. H. Xiang…

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

REPORT OF THE INDUCTIVELY COUPLED PLASMA -MASS SPECTROMETRY (ICP-MS)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) to be conducted. All fumes are neutralized via a water-based scrubber before being vented to the atmosphere Hydride Generator (Fig. 7) 1 IBM Computer with 17" Monitor 1 Eletrothermal Vaporization Unit (Mark IIIa at a cost of $27,225. Ultrapure water is supplied by a Barnstead-Thermolyne Nanopure water system which

185

Etching kinetics and surface roughening of polysilicon and dielectric materials in inductively coupled plasma beams .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Plasma etching processes often roughen the feature sidewalls forming anisotropic striations. A clear understanding of the origin and control of sidewall roughening is extremely desirable,… (more)

Yin, Yunpeng, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Plasma Diagnostics and Plasma-Surface Interactions in Inductively Coupled Plasmas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

193 nm PR does not roughen. However, roughness increasesto either smooth or further roughen features. Plasma-inducedshow 193 nm PR does not roughen with VUV- only exposures. A

Titus, Monica Joy

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

HIGH-ASPECT-RATIO INDUCTIVELY COUPLED PLASMA ETCHING OF BULK TITANIUM FOR MEMS APPLICATIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with admixtures of O2 (5); Cl2/BCl3 (6); Cl2/N2 (7); CF4, CF4/O2, SiCl4, SiCl4/CF4, and CHF3 (8); CF4/O2 (9

MacDonald, Noel C.

188

Plasma Diagnostics and Plasma-Surface Interactions in Inductively Coupled Plasmas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

discharge. The atmospheric plasma is generated between theatmospheric dielectric barrier discharge. 6.2 Introduction Low temperature plasmas

Titus, Monica Joy

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Elemental Analysis of Gas Chromatographic Effluents with an Inductively Coupled Plasma  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......relatively low power (~800 W) 27 MHz plasma. However, Greenfield and McGeachin...not detected in their 7.5 MHz plasma until the power exceeds 5 KW...Evaluation of a microwave-induced plasma in helium at atmospheric pressure as an element-selective......

D.L. Windsor; M. Bonner Denton

1979-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Noncollisional heating and electron energy distributions in magnetically enhanced inductively coupled and helicon plasma sources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

region. This enhancement results from noncollisional heating by the axial electric field for electrons­11 The mecha- nisms through which more efficient heating of electrons oc- curs in these systems are not well- teraction mechanism is electron acceleration by the parallel component of the electric field. The heating

Kushner, Mark

191

Fast two-bit operations in inductively coupled flux qubits J. Q. You,1,2,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.25.Cp, 03.67.Lx I. INTRODUCTION Josephson-junction circuits can exhibit quantum behav- iors. Among qubits based on Josephson-junction circuits, the charge qubit realized in a Cooper-pair box can with one3 or three Josephson junctions4 have been studied and some of these have shown quantum dynamics.5

Nori, Franco

192

Plasma Diagnostics and Plasma-Surface Interactions in Inductively Coupled Plasmas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

intensities for pure Ar plasmas focus on the dominant 104.8emitted from pure A r plasmas focus on the intensities ofdissertation work focuses on plasma and wafer diagnostics as

Titus, Monica Joy

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Coupled transverse motion  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The magnetic field in an accelerator or a storage ring is usually so designed that the horizontal (x) and the vertical (y) motions of an ion are uncoupled. However, because of imperfections in construction and alignment, some small coupling is unavoidable. In this lecture, we discuss in a general way what is known about the behaviors of coupled motions in two degrees-of-freedom. 11 refs., 6 figs.

Teng, L.C.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Stability of Coupling Algorithms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INTRODUCTION AND MOTIVATION : : : : : : : : : : : : : 1 A. Approaches to solving a coupled system . . . . . . . . . . . 3 B. Common terminology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 C. Classi cation of coupling algorithms . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 1... equal, cA = cB = mA = mB = 1 and with dissipation, = 0:5 : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 26 10 Conditional stability observed with cA > cB. The material prop- erties: cA = 100; cB = 1; mA = mB = 1; = 1 : : : : : : : : : : : : : 27 11 An unstable...

Akkasale, Abhineeth

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

195

Segmented ceramic liner for induction furnaces  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A non-fibrous ceramic liner for induction furnaces is provided by vertically stackable ring-shaped liner segments made of ceramic material in a light-weight cellular form. The liner segments can each be fabricated as a single unit or from a plurality of arcuate segments joined together by an interlocking mechanism. Also, the liner segments can be formed of a single ceramic material or can be constructed of multiple concentric layers with the layers being of different ceramic materials and/or cellular forms. Thermomechanically damaged liner segments are selectively replaceable in the furnace. 5 figs.

Gorin, A.H.; Holcombe, C.E.

1994-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

196

The induction of pain: an integrative review  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The highly disagreeable sensation of pain results from an extraordinarily complex and interactive series of mechanisms integrated at all levels of the neuroaxis, from the periphery, via the dorsal horn to higher cerebral structures. Pain is usually elicited by the activation of specific nociceptors (‘nociceptive pain’). However, it may also result from injury to sensory fibres, or from damage to the CNS itself (‘neuropathic pain’). Although acute and subchronic, nociceptive pain fulfils a warning role, chronic and/or severe nociceptive and neuropathic pain is maladaptive. Recent years have seen a progressive unravelling of the neuroanatomical circuits and cellular mechanisms underlying the induction of pain. In addition to familiar inflammatory mediators, such as prostaglandins and bradykinin, potentially-important, pronociceptive roles have been proposed for a variety of ‘exotic’ species, including protons, ATP, cytokines, neurotrophins (growth factors) and nitric oxide. Further, both in the periphery and in the CNS, non-neuronal glial and immunecompetent cells have been shown to play a modulatory role in the response to inflammation and injury, and in processes modifying nociception. In the dorsal horn of the spinal cord, wherein the primary processing of nociceptive information occurs, N-methyl-d-aspartate receptors are activated by glutamate released from nocisponsive afferent fibres. Their activation plays a key role in the induction of neuronal sensitization, a process underlying prolonged painful states. In addition, upon peripheral nerve injury, a reduction of inhibitory interneurone tone in the dorsal horn exacerbates sensitized states and further enhance nociception. As concerns the transfer of nociceptive information to the brain, several pathways other than the classical spinothalamic tract are of importance: for example, the postsynaptic dorsal column pathway. In discussing the roles of supraspinal structures in pain sensation, differences between its ‘discriminative-sensory’ and ‘affective-cognitive’ dimensions should be emphasized. The purpose of the present article is to provide a global account of mechanisms involved in the induction of pain. Particular attention is focused on cellular aspects and on the consequences of peripheral nerve injury. In the first part of the review, neuronal pathways for the transmission of nociceptive information from peripheral nerve terminals to the dorsal horn, and therefrom to higher centres, are outlined. This neuronal framework is then exploited for a consideration of peripheral, spinal and supraspinal mechanisms involved in the induction of pain by stimulation of peripheral nociceptors, by peripheral nerve injury and by damage to the CNS itself. Finally, a hypothesis is forwarded that neurotrophins may play an important role in central, adaptive mechanisms modulating nociception. An improved understanding of the origins of pain should facilitate the development of novel strategies for its more effective treatment.

Mark J. Millan

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Energy Ambiguity and the Inductive Rail Oscillator  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In electric or mixed electric-mechanic systems the distinction between potential and kinetic energy is not as clear as in purely mechanical systems. A solution for the motion of an inductively loaded rail generator is presented. In this case the magnetic fieldenergy (½)Li 2 can be written formally in terms of a potential energy while physically it is something different. The analogy between mechanical and electric oscillators has limits and harmonic oscillators can operate without potential energy both of which must be pointed out by physics teachers.

Patrick C. Hecking

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Induction log analysis of thinly laminated sand/shale formation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The author examines induction log responses to a thinly laminated sand/shale sequence in a deviated borehole for arbitrary deviation (or dip) angle and sand/shale composition. He found that the induction log responses in a thinly laminated sand/shale sequence are the same as they would be if the tool is placed in a homogeneous but anisotropic formation with the horizontal and vertical conductivities given respectively by the parallel and the series conductivities of the sequence. Conversely, a thinly laminated sand/shale sequence can be identified as an anisotropic formation by induction logs. He discusses three methods to identify an anisotropic formation using induction-type logs alone.

Hagiwara, T. [Shell Development Co., Houston, TX (United States)

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Investigation of induction motors of pumps for water wells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A digital three-phase model of a submersible induction motor drive for pumps of water wells that is convenient for modeling on...

R. I. Mustafaev; R. A. Saidov

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

An analysis of induction motor testing techniques  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

There are two main failure mechanisms in induction motors: bearing related and stator related. The Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) conducted a study which was completed in 1985, and found that near 37% of all failures were attributed to stator problems. Another data source for motor failures is the Nuclear Plant Reliability Data System (NPRDS). This database reveals that approximately 55% of all motors were identified as being degraded before failure occurred. Of these, approximately 35% were due to electrical faults. These are the faults which this paper will attempt to identify through testing techniques. This paper is a discussion of the current techniques used to predict incipient failure of induction motors. In the past, the main tests were those to assess the integrity of the ground insulation. However, most insulation failures are believed to involve turn or strand insulation, which makes traditional tests alone inadequate for condition assessment. Furthermore, these tests have several limitations which need consideration when interpreting the results. This paper will concentrate on predictive maintenance techniques which detect electrical problems. It will present appropriate methods and tests, and discuss the strengths and weaknesses of each.

Soergel, S. [Entergy Operations Inc., Killona, LA (United States)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inductively coupled plasma-atomic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

RKKY coupling in graphene  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study the carrier-mediated exchange interaction, the so-called Ruderman-Kittel-Kasuya-Yoshida (RKKY) coupling, between two magnetic impurity moments in graphene using exact diagonalization on the honeycomb lattice. By using the tight-binding nearest-neighbor band structure of graphene we also avoid the use of a momentum cutoff which plagues perturbative results in the Dirac continuum model formulation. We extract both the short and long impurity-impurity distance behavior and show on a qualitative agreement with earlier perturbative results in the long-distance limit but also report on a few new findings. In the bulk the RKKY coupling is proportional to 1/|R|3 and displays [1+cos(2kD?R)] -type oscillations. A-A sublattice coupling is always ferromagnetic whereas A-B subattice coupling is always antiferromagnetic and three times as large. We also study the effect of edges in zigzag graphene nanoribbons (ZGNRs). We find that for impurities on the edge the RKKY coupling decays exponentially because of the localized zero-energy edge states and we also conclude that a nonperturbative treatment is essential for these edge impurities. For impurities inside a ZGNR the bulk characteristics are quickly regained.

Annica M. Black-Schaffer

2010-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

202

Development of internal-antenna-driven large-area RF plasma sources using multiple low-inductance antenna units  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Large-area and high-density radio frequency (RF) plasmas at 13.56 \\{MHz\\} have been produced by inductive coupling of internal-type low-inductance antenna units. The present study has been carried out to develop the basic discharge techniques which can be applied to production of meter-scale large-area and/or large-volume plasma sources with high density for a variety of plasma processes. The plasma source could be operated stably to attain plasma density as high as 1×1012 cm?3 at argon pressures of approximately 1 Pa. It has been demonstrated that high plasma density can be obtained efficiently using the low-inductance internal antenna configuration with effectively suppressed electrostatic coupling. Discharge experiments in a meter-scale chamber demonstrated uniform plasma production with densities as high as 6×1011 cm?3 at an argon pressure of 1.3 Pa and a RF power of 4 kW.

Y. Setsuhara; T. Shoji; A. Ebe; S. Baba; N. Yamamoto; K. Takahashi; K. Ono; S. Miyake

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

An Improved Sensorless DTC Scheme for EV Induction Motors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to increase the efficiency of a Direct Torque Control (DTC) of an induction motor propelling an Electric is a good candidate for EVs propulsion. Index Terms--Electric vehicle, Induction motor, sensorless drive; however, they have not yet used the most remarkable advantages of electric motors. Indeed, an electric

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

204

Doubly-fed induction generator torque in wind turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The field oriented doubly-fed induction generator (DFIG) is being increasingly used in variable speed wind turbines. It is therefore indispensable to become better acquainted with electrical and mechanical DFIG features in both stationary and dynamic ... Keywords: doubly-fed induction generator (DFIG), torque characteristic of DFIG

Jurica Smajo; Dinko Vukadinovic

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Power and Voltage Smooth Control of Doubly Fed Induction Generator  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Doubly-fed induction generator (DFIG) is the leading in wind power technology currently. In this paper, decoupling control of DFIG is studied and a new energy storage device is used in the smooth control of DFIG system's power and voltage. This new method ... Keywords: Doubly fed induction generator, Energy storage device, Decoupling control

An-Ren Ma; Cai-Xia Wang; Zhi-Wen Zhou; Tao Wu

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Screening of Carcinogens with the Prophage ?clts857 Induction Test  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...some 7 below that (42 )for optimal thermal induction of the mutant prophage, contribution from thermal induction alone was expected to be negligible...1972. 15. McCann, J. Results of a battery of short-term tests on highly purified...

Yuk L. Ho and Shiu K. Ho

1981-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Inductive Logic Programming and Embodied Agents: Possibilities and Limitations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Open-ended learning is regarded as the ultimate milestone, especially in intelligent robotics. Preferably it should be unsupervised and it is by its nature inductive. In this article we want to give an overview of attempts to use Inductive Logic Programming ...

Andrea Kulakov; Joona Laukkanen; Blerim Mustafa; Georgi Stojanov

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Free-standing inductive grid filter for infrared radiation rejection  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We developed a fabrication method for free-standing metal structures with high aspect ratios to manufacture inductive grid filters for infrared rejection. Deep grooves in thermally evaporated SiO"2 layer, fabricated by electron beam lithography and etching, ... Keywords: Inductive grid filter, Infrared rejection, Metallic nanostructures

Konstantins Jefimovs; Janne Laukkanen; Tuomas Vallius; Tero Pilvi; Mikko Ritala; Tomi Meilahti; Matti Kaipiainen; Marcos Bavdaz; Markku Leskelä; Jari Turunen

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Novel 3-Phase Inductive Fault Current Limiter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The paper describes the inductive three-phase fault current limiter. In this work I examine the novel arrangements of the perfect closed superconducting loop made of HTS wire. I applied one iron core with 3 limbs and special loops for uniform temperature of the superconducting wire. In this work I present the results of my experiments with this device. I present the static and dynamic measured results of this solution. It has got several advantages e. g. fast switching and less fault power for high-power electric machines. The advantage of the equipment is that in the case of single-phase short circuit the current will decrease in all the three phases. This can be an appropriate solution for high power machines. For example, in the case of high-power electric motor if there is a single-phase breaking or a single phase short circuit, we can decrease the current in the three phases.

Janos Kosa

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Randomly coupled Ising models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We consider the phase diagram of two randomly coupled Ising models to mimic the successive phase transitions in plastic crystals. Detailed mean-field calculations are performed. Depending on the strength of the couplings, the phase diagrams display three ordered phases and some multicritical points. A tetracritical point is found to turn bicritical as the strength of the couplings increases. The nature of this multicritical point is then analyzed by means of a momentum-space renormalization-group calculation. Using the replica trick, we obtain an effective n-component spin Hamiltonian. The random coupling is found to be relevant and shown to have drastic effects on the multicritical behavior. The lower critical dimension is estimated to be dl=2. In the n=0 limit, to first order in the parameter ?=4-d, a system of seven recursion relations is obtained. Although there is a stable fixed point, it cannot be reached from physically acceptable initial conditions. We give arguments to support a runaway of the flow lines associated with a fluctuation-induced first-order transition.

S. Galam; S. R. Salinas; Y. Shapir

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Stirring Strongly Coupled Plasma  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We determine the energy it takes to move a test quark along a circle of radius L with angular frequency ? through the strongly coupled plasma of $\\mathcal{N}=4$ supersymmetric Yang–Mills (SYM) theory. We find that for most ...

Fadafan, Kazem Bitaghsir

212

Graphene Coating Coupled Emission  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Graphene Coating Coupled Emission A COMSET, A single sheet of sp2-hybridized carbon atoms, called of graphene and its unique properties, I will present amplification of surface graphene-Ag hybrid films which when graphene is used as the spacer layer in a conventional Ag- harnessed the nonlinear properties

Shyamasundar, R.K.

213

Effects of Resonant Helical Field on Plasma Internal Inductance in IR-T1 Tokamak  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Measurement of plasma internal inductance is important in tokamak plasma experiments (plasma internal inductance relates to ... on the plasma internal inductance in IR-T1 tokamak. For this purpose, four magnetic ...

A. Salar Elahi; M. Ghoranneviss

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

E-Print Network 3.0 - advanced induction machine Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

cost compared to other generators, the induction machine offers advantages for rotating power... plants rely mostly on induction machines, because ... Source: Simes, Marcelo...

215

Low-Oxygen Induction of Normally Cryptic psbA Genes in Cyanobacteria...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Oxygen Induction of Normally Cryptic psbA Genes in Cyanobacteria. Low-Oxygen Induction of Normally Cryptic psbA Genes in Cyanobacteria. Abstract: Microarray analysis indicated...

216

Magnetic coupling device  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A quick connect/disconnect coupling apparatus is provided in which a base member is engaged by a locking housing through a series of interengagement pins. The pins maintain the shaft in a locked position. Upon exposure to an appropriately positioned magnetic field, pins are removed a sufficient distance such that the shaft may be withdrawn from the locking housing. The ability to lock and unlock the connector assembly requires no additional tools or parts apart from a magnetic key.

Nance, Thomas A. (Aiken, SC)

2009-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

217

Reduction of plyatomic ion interferences in indictively coupled plasma mass spectrometry with cryogenic desolvation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A desolvation scheme for introducing aqueous and organic samples into an argon inductively coupled plasma is described; the aerosol generated by nebulizer is heated (+140 C) and cooled ({minus}80 C) repeatedly, and the dried aerosol is then injected into the mass spectrometer. Polyatomic ions are greatly suppressed. This scheme was validated with analysis of seawater and urine reference samples. Finally, the removal of organic solvents by cryogenic desolvation was studied.

Alves, L.C.

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Low-Frequency Electromagnetic Response Function for Strong-Coupling Superconductors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

properties of superconduc- tors is well known. For example, the frequency dependence of the electrical conductivity in strong- coupling superconductors has been observed by both infrared" and microwave' techniques. Also, the magnitude and temperature... dependence of the low-frequency conductivity for Pb have been in- ferred from measurements of magnetic field at- tenuation, ' while kinetic inductance' measure- ments have been used to study this temperature dependence for amorphous superconductors...

SCHOLTEN, PD; LEJEUNE, JD; SASLOW, WM; Naugle, Donald G.

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Study on the Mechanical Instability of MICE Coupling Magnets  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The superconducting coupling solenoid magnet is one of the key equipment in the Muon Ionization Cooling Experiment (MICE). The coil has an inner radius of 750 mm, length of 281 mm and thickness of 104 mm at room temperature. The peak induction in the coil is about 7.3 T with a full current of 210 A. The mechanical disturbances which might cause the instability of the impregnated superconducting magnet involve the frictional motion between conductors and the cracking of impregnated materials. In this paper, the mechanical instability of the superconducting coupling magnet was studied. This paper presents the numerical calculation results of the minimum quench energy (MQE) of the coupling magnet, as well as the dissipated strain energy in the stress concentration region when the epoxy cracks and the frictional energy caused by 'stick-slip' of the conductor based on the bending theory of beam happens. Slip planes are used in the coupling coil and the frictional energy due to 'slow slip' at the interface of the slip planes was also investigated. The dissipated energy was compared with MQE, and the results show that the cracking of epoxy resin in the region of shear stress concentration is the main factor for premature quench of the coil.

Wang, Li; Pan, Heng; Gou, Xing Long; Wu, Hong; Zheng, Shi Xian; Green, Michael A

2011-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

220

Microwave coupling of frequency-locked Josephson junction arrays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A high temperature superconducting YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub y} array of five Josephson junctions designed with additional coupling lines has been developed to demonstrate the effects of frequency locking and impedance matching for applications such as oscillators, mixers, and detectors. The Josephson self-radiation power was directly detected by a superheterodyne receiver, and Shapiro steps were also measured. The Josephson self-radiation properties reveal good quality of phase locking and microwave coupling with external circuits. The maximum self-radiation power of our array is about 50 pW which is several ten times higher than that of a single Josephson junction, and its peak point exactly satisfies the Josephson current-voltage relation. The Shapiro-step measurements show that the behavior of current-voltage curve depends on the effective inductance of coupling lines which affects the total impedance of Josephson junction array and microwave coupling. The Josephson oscillation frequency was obtained up to about 880 GHz which is 73{percent} of the maximum available frequency calculated from the characteristic voltage of the Josephson junctions. Experimental results show that this type of Josephson junction array can improve the Josephson self-radiation power and increase the maximum detectable frequency. {copyright} {ital 1997 American Institute of Physics.}

Song, I.; Eom, Y.; Park, G. [Department of Physics, Sogang University, Seoul 100-611 (Korea)] [Department of Physics, Sogang University, Seoul 100-611 (Korea); Lee, E.; Park, S. [Electronic Materials Laboratory, Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology, Suwon (Korea)] [Electronic Materials Laboratory, Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology, Suwon (Korea)

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inductively coupled plasma-atomic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Calculation of the Non-Inductive Current Profile in High-Performance NSTX Plasmas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The constituents of the current profile have been computed for a wide range of high-performance plasmas in NSTX [M. Ono, et al., Nuclear Fusion 40, 557 (2000)]; these include cases designed to maximize the non-inductive fraction, pulse length, toroidal-?, or stored energy. In the absence of low-frequency MHD activity, good agreement is found between the reconstructed current profile and that predicted by summing the independently calculated inductive, pressure-driven, and neutral beam currents, without the need to invoke any anomalous beam ion diffusion. Exceptions occur, for instance, when there are toroidal Alfven eigenmode avalanches or coupled m/n=1/1+2/1 kink-tearing modes. In these cases, the addition of a spatially and temporally dependent fast ion diffusivity can reduce the core beam current drive, restoring agreement between the reconstructed profile and the summed constituents, as well as bringing better agreement between the simulated and measured neutron emission rate. An upper bound on the fast ion diffusivity of ~0.5-1 m2/sec is found in “MHD-free” discharges, based on the neutron emission, time rate of change of the neutron signal when a neutral beam is stepped, and reconstructed on-axis current density.

Gerhardt, S P; Gates, D; Kaye, S; Menard, J; Bell, M G; Bell, R E; Le Blanc, B P; Kugel, H; Sabbagh, S A

2011-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

222

Induction generator voltage improvement using a new control strategy for turbo-expander driving systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Turbo-expanders are relatively new sources of dispersed generation which are used to drive the electrical generators. The conventional pressure regulating valves are replaced by these devices in the gas pressure reduction station. Connecting the dispersed generation to the distribution networks especially for squirrel cage induction generators, may result in some power quality problems. These problems can be obviated using special devices in electrical networks or modifying the control system of the prime mover system in mechanical parts. In this paper, it is focused on the Point of Common Coupling (PCC) voltage where a turbo-expander driven induction generator is connected. A new control strategy based on fuzzy controlled PID is considered for the mechanical part of the turbo-expander nozzle system. The results show a better control of turbo-expander output power in a linear form over the full range of operating points. The other purpose of the control system modification is to improve the power quality and stabilize the PCC voltage in different operating point conditions.

Mehdi Taleshian Jelodar; Hasan Rastegar; Mohammad Pichan

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Non-deterministic inductive definitions Benno van den Berg  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Non-deterministic inductive definitions Benno van den Berg August 10, 2012 Abstract We study a new]. Mathematisch Instituut, Universiteit Utrecht, PO. Box 80010, 3508 TA Utrecht. Email address: B.vandenBerg1@uu

van den Berg, Benno

224

Induction machine stray loss from inter-bar currents  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Stray load loss refers generally to the sources of induction machine loss not accounted for by typical calculations of primary or secondary copper loss, no load core loss, or friction and windage loss. Harmonic rotor bar ...

Englebretson, Steven Carl

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Induction of Apoptosis by Quercetin: Involvement of Heat Shock Protein  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...fragmentation, and loss of membrane integrity...the induction of heat shock proteins and...in the cell cycle distribution as cells with DNA...simultaneously. Heat Shock and lISPs...and intracel lular distribution of heat shock proteins...

Yu-quan Wei; Xia Zhao; Yoshitaka Kariya; Hideki Fukata; Keisuke Teshigawara; and Atsushi Uchida

1994-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

226

Bloch Inductance in Small-Capacitance Josephson Junctions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We show that the electrical impedance of a small-capacitance Josephson junction also includes, in addition to the capacitive term -i/{omega}C{sub B}, an inductive term i{omega}L{sub B}. Similar to the known Bloch capacitance C{sub B}(q), the Bloch inductance L{sub B}(q) also depends periodically on the quasicharge, q, and its maximum value achieved at q=e(mod 2e) always exceeds the value of the Josephson inductance of this junction L{sub J}({phi}) at fixed {phi}=0. The effect of the Bloch inductance on the dynamics of a single junction and a one-dimensional array is described.

Zorin, A.B. [Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt, Bundesallee 100, 38116 Braunschweig (Germany)

2006-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

227

Self-contained induction generator with internal capacitive compensation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The effect of internal capacitive compensation is proposed for use in expanding the potentialities of adjustment and control over operating modes of a self-contained induction generator in order to increase the v...

V. I. Mishin; V. V. Kaplun; S. S. Makarevich

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

A way to use an induction generator in economy mode  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A way to connect low-power induction generators with other independent ac sources or with ... We theoretically ground and experimentally confirm that such generators can operate under an economy mode.

P. A. Kuntsevich; G. A. Prokhorova; V. A. Gusarova

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Reexamination of Induction Heating of Primitive Bodies in Protoplanetary Disks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We reexamine the unipolar induction mechanism for heating asteroids originally proposed in a classic series of papers by Sonett and collaborators. As originally conceived, induction heating is caused by the "motional electric field" which appears in the frame of an asteroid immersed in a fully-ionized, magnetized solar wind and drives currents through its interior. However we point out that classical induction heating contains a subtle conceptual error, in consequence of which the electric field inside the asteroid was calculated incorrectly. The problem is that the motional electric field used by Sonett et al. is the electric field in the freely streaming plasma far from the asteroid; in fact the motional field vanishes at the asteroid surface for realistic assumptions about the plasma density. In this paper we revisit and improve the induction heating scenario by: (1) correcting the conceptual error by self consistently calculating the electric field in and around the boundary layer at the asteroid-plasma i...

Menzel, Raymond L

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

An economical single to three phase converter for induction motors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

There are several different types of single to three phase converters for induction motors available today. However, many of the presently available phase converters suffer from disadvantages such as high cost or low performance. An economical...

Di Zerega, Philp Van Uytandaele

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

231

Intelligent-controlled doubly fed induction generator system using PFNN  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An intelligent-controlled doubly fed induction generator (DFIG) system using probabilistic fuzzy neural network ( ... the transient and steady-state responses of the DFIG system at different operating conditions....

Faa-Jeng Lin; Yi-Sheng Huang; Kuang-Hsiung Tan…

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

A new versatile method for modelling geomagnetic induction in pipelines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......geomagnetic induction in pipelines D. H. Boteler...2617 Anderson Road, Ottawa. E-mail...telluric currents in pipelines and creates fluctuations...being used at the design stage allowing...PSP variations on pipelines crossing or adjacent to......

D. H. Boteler

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

A microfabricated ElectroQuasiStatic induction turbine-generator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An ElectroQuasiStatic (EQS) induction machine has been fabricated and has generated net electric power. A maximum power output of 192 [mu]W at 235 krpm has been measured under driven excitation of the six phases. Self ...

Steyn, J. Lodewyk (Jasper Lodewyk), 1976-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Applications of the VLF Induction Method For Studying Some Volcanic  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

the VLF Induction Method For Studying Some Volcanic the VLF Induction Method For Studying Some Volcanic Processes of Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Applications Of The Vlf Induction Method For Studying Some Volcanic Processes Of Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: The very low-frequency (VLF) induction method has found exceptional utility in studying various volcanic processes of Kilauea volcano, Hawaii because: (1) significant anomalies result exclusively from ionically conductive magma or still-hot intrusions (> 800°C) and the attendant electrolytically conductive hot groundwater; (2) basalt flows forming the bulk of Kilauea have very high resistivities at shallow depths that result in low geologic noise levels and relatively deep depths of

235

Sealing coupling. [LMFBR  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Disclosed is a remotely operable releasable sealing coupling which provides fluid-tight joinder of upper and a lower conduit sections. Each conduit section has a concave conical sealing surface adjacent its end portion. A tubular sleeve having convex spherical ends is inserted between the conduit ends to form line contact with the concave conical end portions. An inwardly projecting lip located at one end of the sleeve cooperates with a retaining collar formed on the upper pipe end to provide swivel capture for the sleeve. The upper conduit section also includes a tapered lower end portion which engages the inside surface of the sleeve to limit misalignment of the connected conduit sections.

Pardini, J.A.; Brubaker, R.C.; Rusnak, J.J.

1982-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

236

Non-Equilibrium Superconductivity in Kinetic Inductance Detectors for THz Photon Sensing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Low temperature Kinetic Inductance Detectors (KIDs) are attractive candidates for producing quantumsensitive, arrayable sensors for astrophysical and other precision measurement applications. The readout uses a low frequency probe signal with quanta of energy well-below the threshold for pair-breaking in the superconductor. We have calculated the detailed non-equilibrium quasiparticle and phonon energy spectra generated by the probe signal of the KID when operating well-below its superconducting transition temperature Tc within the framework of the coupled kinetic equations described by Chang and Scalapino.[1] At the lowest bath temperature studied Tb/Tc = 0.1 the quasiparticle distributions can be driven far from equilibrium. In addition to the low frequency probe signal we have incorporated a high frequency (~ 1 THz) source signal well-above the pair-breaking threshold of the superconductor. Calculations of source signal detection efficiency are discussed

Goldie, D J

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Linear induction accelerator and pulse forming networks therefor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A linear induction accelerator includes a plurality of adder cavities arranged in a series and provided in a structure which is evacuated so that a vacuum inductance is provided between each adder cavity and the structure. An energy storage system for the adder cavities includes a pulsed current source and a respective plurality of bipolar converting networks connected thereto. The bipolar high-voltage, high-repetition-rate square pulse train sets and resets the cavities.

Buttram, Malcolm T. (Sandia Park, NM); Ginn, Jerry W. (Albuquerque, NM)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Heat transfer enhancement resulting from induction electrohydrodynamic pumping  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HEAT TRANSFER ENHANCEMENT RESULTING FROM INDUCTION ELECTROHYDRODYNAMIC PUMPING A Thesis by BRYAN DAVID MARGO Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1992 Major Subject: Mechanical Engineering HEAT TRANSFER ENHANCEMENT RESULTING FROM INDUCTION ELECTROHYDRODYNAMIC PUMPING A Thesis by BRYAN DAVID MARGO Approved as to style and content by: Jamal Seyed- Yagoobi (Chair...

Margo, Bryan David

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

High-current pulses from inductive energy stores  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Superconducting inductive energy stores can be used for high power pulse supplies if a suitable current multiplication scheme is used. The concept of an inductive Marx generator is superior to a transformer. A third scheme, a variable flux linkage device, is suggested; in multiplying current it also compresses energy. Its function is in many ways analogous to that of a horsewhip. Superconductor limits indicate that peak power levels of TW can be reached for stored energies above 1 MJ.

Wipf, S.L.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Optimal control for fast and high-fidelity quantum gates in coupled superconducting flux qubits  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We apply the quantum optimal control theory based on the Krotov method to implement single-qubit $X$ and $Z$ gates and two-qubit CNOT gates for inductively coupled superconducting flux qubits with fixed qubit transition frequencies and fixed off-diagonal qubit-qubit coupling. Our scheme that shares the same advantage of other directly coupling schemes requires no additional coupler subcircuit and control lines. The control lines needed are only for the manipulation of individual qubits (e.g., a time-dependent magnetic flux or field applied on each qubit). The qubits are operated at the optimal coherence points and the gate operation times (single-qubit gates $magnetic-field-induced single-qubit interactions and two-qubit couplings. The effect of leakage to higher energy-level states and the effect of qubit decoherence on the quantum gate operations are also discussed.

Shang-Yu Huang; Hsi-Sheng Goan

2014-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inductively coupled plasma-atomic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Transient processes in an asynchronous induction electronic excited generator with a short cut rotor  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Electronic transients in an induction electronic excited generator during self-excitation and load variation have...

M. L. Kostyrev

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Backstepping controller for Doubly Fed Induction Motor with bi-directional  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

studies focused in the study of wind energy conversion systems using doubly fed induction generator (DFIG

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

243

Optimization of induction motor efficiency: Volume 2, Single-phase induction motors: Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The optimal design of the motor dimensions, the capacitance of the run capacitor, the winding distribution and the choice of the electrical steel are the most important sources for an improvement of the efficiency of modern single-phase induction motors for given performance and material cost constraints. The formulation of the techniques which realize this optimization is based on nonlinear programming approaches. The Method of Boundary Search Along Active Constraints is used for the optimal design of the motor dimensions of a commercially available 2 hp, 115 V single-phase induction motor. Based on the optimization results due to the above mentioned four optimization components, the relationships between efficiency, power factor, cost, active materials and the values of the capacitance of the run capacitor are studied and the limited validity of the model law is discussed. This report also explains why the Wanlass retrofit improves efficiency and details the advantages and disadvantages of such a retrofitting as compared with the operation in the standard configuration.

Fuchs, E.F.; Huang, H.; Vandenput, A.J.; Holl, J.; Appelbaum, J.; Zak, Z.; Erlicki, M.S.

1987-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Using the Model Coupling Toolkit to couple earth system models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Continued advances in computational resources are providing the opportunity to operate more sophisticated numerical models. Additionally, there is an increasing demand for multidisciplinary studies that include interactions between different physical processes. Therefore there is a strong desire to develop coupled modeling systems that utilize existing models and allow efficient data exchange and model control. The basic system would entail model “1” running on “M” processors and model “2” running on “N” processors, with efficient exchange of model fields at predetermined synchronization intervals. Here we demonstrate two coupled systems: the coupling of the ocean circulation model Regional Ocean Modeling System (ROMS) to the surface wave model Simulating \\{WAves\\} Nearshore (SWAN), and the coupling of ROMS to the atmospheric model Coupled Ocean Atmosphere Prediction System (COAMPS). Both coupled systems use the Model Coupling Toolkit (MCT) as a mechanism for operation control and inter-model distributed memory transfer of model variables. In this paper we describe requirements and other options for model coupling, explain the MCT library, ROMS, SWAN and COAMPS models, methods for grid decomposition and sparse matrix interpolation, and provide an example from each coupled system. Methods presented in this paper are clearly applicable for coupling of other types of models.

John C. Warner; Natalie Perlin; Eric D. Skyllingstad

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

coupling2.dvi  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Measurement Measurement of Input Coupler Matching of a Loaded Storage Ring Single-Cell Cavity Jin Wook Cho, Yoon Kang Advanced Photon Source Argonne National Laboratory 9700 S. Cass Ave., Argonne, IL 60439 August 14, 1995 1 Introduction In the APS storage ring cavities, magnetic loop type input couplers are used. The loaded Q fo a cavity varies as the beam loading changes 1 . The beam loading changes the cavity input impedance. Therefore, the input coupler must be adjusted to maintain a good impedance match. Measurements have been made to determine the coupler loop position depth of penetration with respect to various loading conditions in a storage ring single-cell cavity. An input coupler was inserted into the storage ring single-cell cavity at various loaded Q points, then matched. The relationship between the coupling coe cient, , and the gap width, where gap width is the separation

246

PU IMMOBILIZATION - INDUCTION MELTING ND OFFGAS TESTING  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Cylindrical Induction Melter (CIM) at the Aiken County Technology Laboratory (ACTL) has been operated by the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) to support the Pu Disposition Conceptual Design (CD-0) development effort. The primary purpose of this report is to summarize the offgas sampling tests conducted in the CIM to capture and analyze the particulate and vapors emitted from lanthanide borosilicate (LaBS) Frit X with HfO{sub 2} as a surrogate for PuO{sub 2} and added impurities. In addition, this report describes several initial tests of the CIM for the vitrification of LaBS Frit X with HfO{sub 2}. The activities required to produce Frit X from batch chemical oxides for subsequent milling to yield glass frit of nominally 20 micron particle size are also discussed. The tests with impurities added showed that alkali salts such as NaCl and KCl were substantially emitted into the offgas system as the salt particulate, HCl, or Cl{sub 2}. Retention of Na and K in the glass were about 80 and 55%, respectively. Chloride retention was about 35%; chloride remaining in the glass was 0.29-0.37 wt%. Based on a material balance, approximately 83% of F fed was retained in the glass at about 0.09 wt % (F could not be measured directly at this concentration). Transition metals (Ni, Cu, Fe, Mo, Cr) were also volatilized to varying extents. A very small amount (<0.1 g) of nickel compounds and KCl were found in crystals deposited on the melter offgas line. Overall, about 58-72% of the impurities added were volatilized. Virtually all of the particulate species were collected on the nominal 0.3 {micro}m filter. The particulate evolution rate ranged from 2-8 g/kg glass/h. The particulate was found to be as small as 0.2 {micro}m and have an approximate median size of 0.5 {micro}m. The particulate salt was also found to stick together by forming bridges between particles. Further runs without washable salts are recommended. Measurements of particle size distribution for use in offgas system design and tests of simple impingement devices for particle collection are also recommended for tests in the near future.

Marra, J

2006-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

247

Carbonate Leaching of Uranium from Contaminated Soils  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Uranium (U) was successfully removed from contaminated soils from the Fernald Environmental Management Project (FEMP) site near Fernald, Ohio. ... The concentrations of uranium and other metals in the effluent were analyzed using a Varian Liberty 200 inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrophotometer (ICP-AES) or a kinetic phosphorescence analyzer (KPA). ... When 30% hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) was added prior to the carbonate solution, no increase in the removal of uranium was detected (data not shown) due to effervescence with heating, liberating carbon dioxide, and thus preventing uniform distribution of H2O2. ...

C. F. V. Mason; W. R. J. R. Turney; B. M. Thomson; N. Lu; P. A. Longmire; C. J. Chisholm-Brause

1997-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

248

The fractionation and characterization of two North American lignites  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Assignments for the TMSI Reaction Page TI Product of the Gascoyne Bitumen LIST OF FIGURES FIGURE I, Extraction and Fractionation Scheme for the Page Gascoyne Lignite 24 2. X-Ray Diffractogram of the Low-Temperature Ash of the Demineralized Wilcox... the required data by inductively coupled argon plasma-atomic emissions spectrometry, which was essential in the completion of the thesis. Many thanks goes out to Ahmad Moini for performing the X-ray diffraction on the samples submitted. Finally, I wish...

Garcia Juan Manuel

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Cosmological Tests of Coupled Galileons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the cosmological properties of Galileon models with positive kinetic terms. We include both conformal and disformal couplings to matter and focus on constraints on the theory that arise because of these couplings. The disformal coupling to baryonic matter is extremely constrained by astrophysical and particle physics effects. The disformal coupling to photons induces a cosmological variation of the speed of light and therefore distortions of the Cosmic Microwave Background spectrum which are known to be very small. The conformal coupling to baryons leads to a variation of particle masses since Big Bang Nucleosynthesis which is also tightly constrained. We consider the background cosmology of Galileon models coupled to Cold Dark Matter (CDM), photons and baryons and impose that the speed of light and particle masses respect the observational bounds on cosmological time scales. We find that requiring that the equation of state for the Galileon models must be close to -1 now restricts severely their parameter space and can only be achieved with a combination of the conformal and disformal couplings. This leads to large variations of particle masses and the speed of light which are not compatible with observations. As a result, we find that cosmological Galileon models are viable dark energy theories coupled to dark matter but their couplings, both disformal and conformal, to baryons and photons must be heavily suppressed making them only sensitive to CDM.

Philippe Brax; Clare Burrage; Anne-Christine Davis; Giulia Gubitosi

2014-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

250

Bifurcation and control of chaos in Induction motor drives  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The induction motor controlled by Indirect Field Oriented Control (IFOC) is known to have high performance and better stability. This paper reports the dynamical behavior of an indirect field oriented control (IFOC) induction motor drive in the light of bifurcation theory. The speed of high performance induction motor drive is controlled by IFOC method. The knowledge of qualitative change of the behavior of the motor such as equilibrium points, limit cycles and chaos with the change of motor parameters and load torque are essential for proper control of the motor. This paper provides a numerical approach to understand better the dynamical behavior of an indirect field oriented control of a current-fed induction motor. The focus is on bifurcation analysis of the IFOC motor, with a particular emphasis on the change that affects the dynamics and stability under small variations of Proportional Integral controller (PI) parameters, load torque and k, the ratio of the rotor time constant and its estimate etc. Bifurcation diagrams are computed. This paper also attempts to discuss various types of the transition to chaos in the induction motor. The results of the obtained bifurcation simulations give useful guidelines for adjusting both motor model and PI controller parameters. It is also important to ensure desired operation of the motor when the motor shows chaotic behavior. Infinite numbers of unstable periodic orbits are embedded in a chaotic attractor. Any unstable periodic orbit can be stabilized by proper control algorithm. The delayed feedback control method to control chaos has been implemented in this system.

Krishnendu Chakrabarty; Urmila Kar

2014-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

251

REEXAMINATION OF INDUCTION HEATING OF PRIMITIVE BODIES IN PROTOPLANETARY DISKS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We reexamine the unipolar induction mechanism for heating asteroids originally proposed in a classic series of papers by Sonett and collaborators. As originally conceived, induction heating is caused by the 'motional electric field' that appears in the frame of an asteroid immersed in a fully ionized, magnetized solar wind and drives currents through its interior. However, we point out that classical induction heating contains a subtle conceptual error, in consequence of which the electric field inside the asteroid was calculated incorrectly. The problem is that the motional electric field used by Sonett et al. is the electric field in the freely streaming plasma far from the asteroid; in fact, the motional field vanishes at the asteroid surface for realistic assumptions about the plasma density. In this paper we revisit and improve the induction heating scenario by (1) correcting the conceptual error by self-consistently calculating the electric field in and around the boundary layer at the asteroid-plasma interface; (2) considering weakly ionized plasmas consistent with current ideas about protoplanetary disks; and (3) considering more realistic scenarios that do not require a fully ionized, powerful T Tauri wind in the disk midplane. We present exemplary solutions for two highly idealized flows that show that the interior electric field can either vanish or be comparable to the fields predicted by classical induction depending on the flow geometry. We term the heating driven by these flows 'electrodynamic heating', calculate its upper limits, and compare them to heating produced by short-lived radionuclides.

Menzel, Raymond L.; Roberge, Wayne G., E-mail: menzer@rpi.edu, E-mail: roberw@rpi.edu [New York Center for Astrobiology and Department of Physics, Applied Physics and Astronomy, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, 110 8th Street, Troy, NY 12180 (United States)

2013-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

252

Mobility platform coupling device and method for coupling mobility platforms  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A coupling device for connecting a first mobility platform to a second mobility platform in tandem. An example mobility platform is a robot. The coupling device has a loose link mode for normal steering conditions and a locking position, tight link mode for navigation across difficult terrain and across obstacles, for traversing chasms, and for navigating with a reduced footprint in tight steering conditions.

Shirey, David L. (Albuquerque, NM); Hayward, David R. (Albuquerque, NM); Buttz, James H. (Albuquerque, NM)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Using the Model Coupling Toolkit to couple earth system models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Continued advances in computational resources are providing the opportunity to operate more sophisticated numerical models. Additionally, there is an increasing demand for multidisciplinary studies that include interactions between different physical ... Keywords: COAMPS, Model Coupling Toolkit, Model coupling, ROMS, SWAN, Sparse matrix interpolation

John C. Warner; Natalie Perlin; Eric D. Skyllingstad

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Multiple beam induction accelerators for heavy ion fusion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Induction accelerators are appealing for heavy-ion driven inertial fusion energy (HIF) because of their high efficiency and their demonstrated capability to accelerate high beam current (?10 kA in some applications). For the HIF application, accomplishments and challenges are summarized. HIF research and development has demonstrated the production of single ion beams with the required emittance, current, and energy suitable for injection into an induction linear accelerator. Driver scale beams have been transported in quadrupole channels of the order of 10% of the number of quadrupoles of a driver. We review the design and operation of induction accelerators and the relevant aspects of their use as drivers for HIF. We describe intermediate research steps that would provide the basis for a heavy-ion research facility capable of heating matter to fusion relevant temperatures and densities, and also to test and demonstrate an accelerator architecture that scales well to a fusion power plant.

Peter A. Seidl; John J. Barnard; Andris Faltens; Alex Friedman; William L. Waldron

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Outcomes after Induction Failure in Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...induction failure had a rather favorable outcome. However, the long-term efficacy of this treatment approach as compared with allogeneic transplantation still needs to be determined. It is conceivable that further improvement can be made if the most effective chemotherapy is combined with a new generation... Induction chemotherapy fails to induce a complete remission in only about 2 to 3% of children with ALL. In an analysis of more than 1000 such patients, the authors defined subgroups with a favorable prognosis and those with an unfavorable prognosis.

Schrappe M.; Hunger S.P.; Pui C.-H.

2012-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

256

Coupling constant constraints in a nonminimally coupled phantom cosmology  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the paper we investigate observational constraints on coupling to gravity constant parameter {xi} using distant supernovae SNIa data, baryon oscillation peak (BOP), the cosmic microwave background radiation (CMBR) shift parameter, and the H(z) data set. We estimate the value of this parameter to constrain the extended quintessence models with nonminimally coupled to gravity phantom scalar field. The combined analysis of observational data favors a value of {xi} which lies in close neighborhood of the conformal coupling. While our estimations are model dependent they give rise to an indirect bound on the equivalence principle.

Szydlowski, Marek; Hrycyna, Orest; Kurek, Aleksandra [Astronomical Observatory, Jagiellonian University, Orla 171, 30-244 Cracow (Poland) and Mark Kac Complex Systems Research Centre, Jagiellonian University, Reymonta 4, 30-059 Cracow (Poland); Department of Theoretical Physics, Faculty of Philosophy, John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin, Al. Raclawickie 14, 20-950 Lublin (Poland); Astronomical Observatory, Jagiellonian University, Orla 171, 30-244 Cracow (Poland)

2008-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

257

Invertible coupled KdV and coupled Harry Dym hierarchies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we discuss the conditions under which the coupled KdV and coupled Harry Dym hierarchies possess inverse (negative) parts. We further investigate the structure of nonlocal parts of tensor invariants of these hierarchies, in particular, the nonlocal terms of vector fields, conserved one-forms, recursion operators, Poisson and symplectic operators. We show that the invertible cKdV hierarchies possess Poisson structures that are at most weakly nonlocal while coupled Harry Dym hierarchies have Poisson structures with nonlocalities of the third order.

Maciej Blaszak; Krzysztof Marciniak

2013-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

258

Free electron laser amplifier driven by an induction linac  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper discusses the use of a free-electron laser amplifier as a means of converting the kinetic energy of an electron beam into coherent radiation. In particular, the use of an induction linear accelerator is discussed. The motion of the elections in the tapered and untapered wiggler magnets is discussed as well as the beam emittance, and the radiation fields involved. (LSP)

Neil, V.K.

1986-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

259

Ethanol Tolerance Caused by slowpoke Induction in Drosophila  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ethanol Tolerance Caused by slowpoke Induction in Drosophila Roshani B. Cowmeadow, Harish R in the ethanol response. Caenorhabditis elegans carrying mutations in this gene have altered ethanol sensitivity and Drosophila mutant for this gene are unable to acquire rapid tolerance to ethanol or anesthetics

Atkinson, Nigel

260

Knowledge induction from medical databases with higher-order programming  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Medical data mining is an emerging area of computational intelligence applied to automatically analyze patients' records aiming at the discovery of new knowledge potentially useful for medical decision making. Induced knowledge is anticipated not only ... Keywords: higher-order programming, logic-based knowledge induction, medical decision making, medical informatics

Nittaya Kerdprasop; Kittisak Kerdprasop

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inductively coupled plasma-atomic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Magnetic induction of low-carbon steel for generator rotors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Steels containing 0.11–0.17% C and 4.5–4.6% Ni have higher magnetic induction than steels 25KhN3MFA and 35KhN3MFA which at present are used for generator rotors.

O. V. Filimonova; I. A. Borisov; A. M. Shkatova…

1989-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

An evaluation of inductance loop detectors for speed measurement accuracy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The lag time from the presence of a vehicle at an inductance loop to the actual detection of a vehicle varies. As the lag time varies so does the accuracy of speed measurement. Vehicle size, vehicle speed, detector type, detector sensitivity...

Cronin, Brian Patrick

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

263

Computational analysis of temperature rise phenomena in electric induction motors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Computational analysis of temperature rise phenomena in electric induction motors Ying Huai Institute, University of Southern Denmark, Grundvigs Alle 150, Sonderborg, DK-6400, Denmark c Danfoss Drives A/S, Denmark Received 12 October 2002; accepted 20 December 2002 Abstract In developing electric

Melnik, Roderick

264

INDUCTIVE INFERENCE THEORY ---A UNIFIED APPROACH TO PROBLEMS IN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

­probabilistic prediction, the present methods give probability values that can be used with decision theory to make critical decisions. Introduction The kind of induction theory that we will consider may be regarded theory to make critical decisions as in the mechanization of medical diagnosis. 1 Recent Work

Solomonoff, Ray

265

INDUCTIVE INFERENCE THEORY --A UNIFIED APPROACH TO PROBLEMS IN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-probabilistic prediction, the present methods give probability values that can be used with decision theory to make critical decisions. Introduction The kind of induction theory that we will consider may be regarded ambiguous decisions, the quanti- tative probabilities obtained enable us to use decision theory to make

Solomonoff, Ray

266

Application of Inductive Logic Programming for Learning ECG Waveforms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Application of Inductive Logic Programming for Learning ECG Waveforms Gabriella K'okai 1 , Zolt­mail: gyimi@inf.u­szeged.hu. Abstract. In this paper a learning system is presented which integrates an ECG on an attribute grammar specification of ECGs that has been transformed to Prolog. The IMPUT system combines

Alexin, Zoltán

267

Design and Development of Controller for Stand-Alone Wind Driven Self-excited Induction Generator  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The 3-? self-excited induction generator driven by wind energy source is suitable ... capacitance required for self-excitation of 3-? induction generator is taken up in this work and...

M. Sathyakala; M. Arutchelvi

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Neural Control of the Self-Excited Induction Generator for Variable-Speed Wind Turbine Generation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, a steady state and transient analysis of a stand alone Self Excited Induction Generator (SEIG) is presented. The conventional dynamic ... Artificial Neural Network (ANN) to model the induction generator

S. Zouggar; Y. Zidani; M. L. ELhafyani…

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Off-resonance frequency operation for power transfer in a loosely coupled air core transformer  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A power transmission system includes a loosely coupled air core transformer having a resonance frequency determined by a product of inductance and capacitance of a primary circuit including a primary coil. A secondary circuit is configured to have a substantially same product of inductance and capacitance. A back EMF generating device (e.g., a battery), which generates a back EMF with power transfer, is attached to the secondary circuit. Once the load power of the back EMF generating device exceeds a certain threshold level, which depends on the system parameters, the power transfer can be achieved at higher transfer efficiency if performed at an operating frequency less than the resonance frequency, which can be from 50% to 95% of the resonance frequency.

Scudiere, Matthew B

2012-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

270

Quantum measurements of coupled systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We propose an approach to measuring coupled systems, which gives a parametrically smaller error than the conventional fast projective measurements. The measurement error is due to the excitations being not entirely localized on individual systems even where the excitation energies are different. Our approach combines spectral selectivity of the detector with temporal resolution and uses the ideas of the quantum diffusion theory. The results bear on quantum computing with perpetually coupled qubits.

Fedichkin, L.; Dykman, M. I. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 (United States); Shapiro, M. [Department of Mathematics, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 (United States)

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

271

Design and Control of the Induction Motor Propulsion of an Electric Vehicle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Design and Control of the Induction Motor Propulsion of an Electric Vehicle B. Tabbache1,2 , A for presizing the induction motor propulsion of an Electric Vehicle (EV). Based on the EV desired performances for different induction motor-based EVs using a siding mode control technique. Index Terms--Electric Vehicle (EV

Brest, Université de

272

Electric Vehicle Induction Motor DSVM-DTC with Torque Ripple Minimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electric Vehicle Induction Motor DSVM-DTC with Torque Ripple Minimization Farid Khoucha1 a sensorless DSVM-DTC of an induction motor that propels an electrical vehicle or a hybrid one. The drive uses, as demonstrated in experimental results. Keywords: Electric vehicle (EV), induction motor, Discrete Space Vector

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

273

AN ANALYSIS OF EARLY CAREER PRINCIPALS' EXPERIENCE WITH INDUCTION PROGRAMS AND JOB SATISFACTION.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Characteristic of Beginning School Principals………… .. 32 4.2 How Widespread Are Induction Programs.............................................. ...37 4.3 Efect of Induction on Satisfction……………………………………. ...48 5.0 CONCLUSION…………………………………………………………………...56 5... 22 Pipalitin Inducti By Urbanicity vii LIST OF GRAPHS Graph Page 1 Induction Components by Geographic Region 44 2 ti by Urbaniity 48 1 Chapter 1 INTRODUCTION 1...

Correll, Craig Alan

2010-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

274

Optimization of direct drive induction motors for electric ship propulsion with high speed propellers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Direct drive electric ship propulsion can offer increased flexibility and reduced overall fuel consumption compared to geared mechanical systems [Davis 1987, Doerry 2007]. As a well-established technology, induction motors are a dependable and economical ... Keywords: AC motors, induction motor drives, induction motors, thermal analysis

S. C. Englebretson; J. L. Kirtley, Jr; C. Chryssostomidis

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry and Atomic Emission Spectrometry Coupled to High-Performance Liquid Chromatography for Speciation and Detection of Organotin Compounds  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......graphite furnace atomic absorption ( G F A A ) , flame atomic...fluent is monitored by atomic absorption (20-22). In this study...8 C with a re frigerated chiller (Neslab Instrument, Inc...gas chromatography atomic absorption spectrometry. Anal. Chem......

Hamzar Suyani; John Creed; Tim Davidson; Joseph Caruso

1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Standard practices for dissolving glass containing radioactive and mixed waste for chemical and radiochemical analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1.1 These practices cover techniques suitable for dissolving glass samples that may contain nuclear wastes. These techniques used together or independently will produce solutions that can be analyzed by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP-AES), inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS), atomic absorption spectrometry (AAS), radiochemical methods and wet chemical techniques for major components, minor components and radionuclides. 1.2 One of the fusion practices and the microwave practice can be used in hot cells and shielded hoods after modification to meet local operational requirements. 1.3 The user of these practices must follow radiation protection guidelines in place for their specific laboratories. 1.4 Additional information relating to safety is included in the text. 1.5 The dissolution techniques described in these practices can be used for quality control of the feed materials and the product of plants vitrifying nuclear waste materials in glass. 1.6 These pr...

American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

On-Line Boron-10 Determination from Blood Samples by ICP-MS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Accurate and fast boron analysis is essential in BNC-treatment of glioma patients. Standard boron analytical assay from biological samples are direct current plasma atomic emission spectrometry,1 inductively coup...

M. Kulvik; J. Laakso; J. Vähätalo; R. Zilliacus

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Low Dose Radiation Research Program: Induction of Genomic Instability in  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Induction of Genomic Instability in vivo by Low Doses of 137Cs y Induction of Genomic Instability in vivo by Low Doses of 137Cs y rays, Authors: K. Rithidech1, E.B. Whorton2, M. Tungjai1, E. Ar-Bab1, S.R. Simon1, M. Tawde3 and C.W. Anderson3. Institutions: 1Pathology Department, Stony Brook University, NY 11794-8691, USA, 2University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston, TX 77550-1047,3Biology Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY 11973-5000. Information on potential health hazards of radiation at doses below or equal to the level traditionally requiring human radiation protection (less than or equal to 10 cGy) is currently lacking. It is therefore important to characterize early and subsequent in vivo biological response induced by low doses of ionizing radiation because such data should provide information that can help determine whether radiation at this dose level

279

Seismic baseline and induction studies- Roosevelt Hot Springs, Utah and  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Seismic baseline and induction studies- Roosevelt Hot Springs, Utah and Raft River, Idaho Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Report: Seismic baseline and induction studies- Roosevelt Hot Springs, Utah and Raft River, Idaho Details Activities (2) Areas (2) Regions (0) Abstract: Local seismic networks were established at the Roosevelt Hot Springs geothermal area, utah and at Raft River geothermal area, Idaho to monitor the background seismicity prior to initiation of geothermal power production. The Raft River study area is currently seismically quiet down

280

Radial excitation temperatures and electron number densities in a 9, 27 and 50 \\{MHz\\} inductively-coupled argon plasma  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This work is the result of experiments performed on a 9, 27 and 50 \\{MHz\\} atmospheric pressure argon ICP uing the same thermometric species and instrumentation. Radiation originating from plasma volume with 0.25 mm2 projected areas were measured. The lateral observed spatially integrated radiances were transformed to radial functions by using Abel integral equations. Variations of radiances from Ca atom and ion transitions as function of observation height were studied. Two ion transitions of Ca with sufficient excitation energy difference were chosen for two-line temperature determinations, while substitution of atom to ion radiance ratios into the Saha equation were used in calculating values for the electron number density. The cooling effect of the central penetrating nebulizer gas on the plasma centres was clearly observed through a decrease in the excitation temperatures at the lowest observation heights above the r.f. coils. Experimental evidence indicates a general decrease in excitation temperature with increasing generator frequency. The same tendency was observed for the electron number density. These phenomena are probably due to the variation in skin depth at the different frequencies.

W.H. Gunter; K. Visser; P.B. Zeeman

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inductively coupled plasma-atomic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Impulse Heating an Intercalated Compound Using a 27.12 MHz Atmospheric Inductively Coupled Argon Plasma to Produce Nanotubular Structures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have shown that impulse heating a covalently intercalated compound in inert gas environment yields closed nanotube structures in the exfoliated graphite. Treated with FeCl3 and reheated, open nanotubular and n...

Thomas J. Manning; Andrea Noel; Mike Mitchell…

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Rapid Analysis of Lewisite Metabolites in Urine by High-Performance Liquid Chromatography-Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......six-week period to demonstrate the long-term previ- sion and accuracy of the...chemical weapon becomes hazardous waste. Chem. Eng. Prog. 101: 64...C. Le. Sample preparation and storage can change arsenic spe- ciation......

Rayman D. Stanelle; William J. McShane; Elena N. Dodova; R. Steven Pappas; Robert J. Kobelski

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

The Determination of Mercury and Selenium in Maternal and Neonatal Scalp Hair by Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......10 rain at 40% power. After the vials...use of a closed system microwave-assisted...relatively low microwave power selected (40...Berlin. Mercury. In Handbook on the Toxicology...insertion of amalgam restorations.J. Prosthet...consequences. In Handbook of MetaI-Ligand......

Ibrahim B.-A. Razagui; Stephen J. Haswell

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Free-standing inductive grid filter for infrared radiation rejection  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We developed a fabrication method for free-standing metal structures with high aspect ratios to manufacture inductive grid filters for infrared rejection. Deep grooves in thermally evaporated SiO2 layer, fabricated by electron beam lithography and etching, were filled with iridium by atomic layer deposition technique. Characterization shows that the fabricated structures can suppress infrared radiation over two orders of magnitude while transmitting 40% of XUV radiation.

Konstantins Jefimovs; Janne Laukkanen; Tuomas Vallius; Tero Pilvi; Mikko Ritala; Tomi Meilahti; Matti Kaipiainen; Marcos Bavdaz; Markku Leskelä; Jari Turunen

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Planar slot coupled microwave hybrid  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A symmetrical 180.degree. microwave hybrid is constructed by opening a slot line in a ground plane below a conducting strip disposed on a dielectric substrate, creating a slot coupled conductor. Difference signals propagating on the slot coupled conductor are isolated on the slot line leaving sum signals to propagate on the microstrip. The difference signal is coupled from the slot line onto a second microstrip line for transmission to a desired location. The microstrip branches in a symmetrical fashion to provide the input/output ports of the 180.degree. hybrid. The symmetry of the device provides for balance and isolation between sum and difference signals, and provides an advantageous balance between the power handling capabilities and the bandwidth of the device.

Petter, Jeffrey K. (Williston, VT)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Studying the Performances of Induction Motor Used in Electric Car  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This research includes study of the performances of induction motor used in the electric car, as well as performances of an electronic inverter based on Field Oriented control used to drive this induction motor. The running equations of IM and Controller in dynamic state with reference frame d – q were considered. These equations were modelled into computer form based using Matlab Simpower facilities obtaining a complete model. 3-Phase IM is considered and its parameters were used for simulation, in order to be mounted in certain car that is manufactured in Syria, and transform it to electric car. Also, it includes a study of electronic inverter appropriate to drive such motor and control its speed. It operates based on vector control technology. The study of the motor performances was conducted within presumptions of changing car load from one passenger (the driver) to five passengers and having different resistant torques. The tests of induction motor used in the electric car simulate running of the car having one passenger when car is stopped; simulate running of electric car starting IM from 0 speed and accelerating till a steady speed is reached, keeping this steady speed for a period of time, then reduce speed till car is stopped and finely Simulate running of electric car on rural roads having some holes and small slopes which cause several small acceleration and sudden breaks. Some conclusions and remarks about performances and behaviour of IM were concluded.

Zeina Bitar; Samih Al Jabi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

FDTD simulation of induction heating of conducting ceramic ware  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Induction heating for the treatment of metals has been in commercial use since the mid 1960`s. Traditional advantages of induction heating over the convection or radiation processes include speed of heating, possible energy savings, and the ability to customize the coil design to optimize the heating process. In this paper the authors used the Finite-Difference Time-Domain (FDTD) technique to simulate and analyze the induction heating process for highly conducting ceramics. In order to analyze frequency effects, simulations were performed at 300 kHz, 2 MHz, and 25 MHz. It is found that at higher frequencies coils with a pitch of 2 in. or greater became capacitive and generate a large, axial, electric-field component. This new axial electric field, in addition to the normally encountered azimuthal field, causes an improvement in the uniformity of the power deposition in the ceramic sample. If the sample occupies a large portion of the coil, uniformity may also be improved by using a variable-pitch coil, or by extending the length of the coil a few turns beyond the length of the sample. In a production-line arrangement, where multiple samples are placed inside the coil, it is shown that maximum uniformity is achieved when the samples are placed coaxially.

White, M.J.; Iskander, M.F.; Bringhurst, S. [Univ. of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT (United States). Electrical Engineering Dept.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

288

Research on Induction Motor for Mini Electric Vehicles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The motor of a mini electric vehicle uses dozens of storage batteries as power supply, which has low voltage and large current. Therefore, the loss and temperature raise of the motor is high. In this paper, the loss of different induction motors for mini electric vehicles is calculated and the effects of rotor materials and air gap length on the performance of these motors are studied. The analyses show that the efficiency of the motor with a copper mouse cage rotor is considerably higher than that of the motor with a aluminum rotor. The temperature raise of both an air-cooling and a water-cooling induction motor is analyzed, which demonstrates that the temperature raise of the motor windings is higher than that of the other parts, and the temperature raise of the water-cooling motor is lower than that of the air-cooling motor. To verify the results of the theoretical analyses, four prototype induction motors (aluminum rotor, copper mouse cage rotor, air-cooling and spiral groove machine) have been designed and processed. The experiments to measure the efficiency and temperature raise were carried out on these motors. The experimental results prove that the theoretical analyses are correct.

Shukang Cheng; Cuiping Li; feng Chai; Hailong Gong

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Softhard exchange-coupled layered structures with modulated exchange coupling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Tuscaloosa, Alabama 35487-0209 Received 8 April 2003; accepted 28 June 2003 Magnetically soft/hard exchange-coupled for high performance permanent magnets in the past decades and much progress has been made in improving permanent mag- netic properties. A figure of merit of permanent magnetic materials is the maximum magnetic

Garmestani, Hamid

290

Coupled-mode theory for film-coupled plasmonic nanocubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Planar metallic nanoparticles separated by nanoscale distances from a metal film support unique plasmonic resonances useful for controlling a wide range of photodynamic processes. The fundamental resonance of a film-coupled planar nanoparticle arises from a transmission-line mode localized between nanoparticle and film, whose properties can be roughly approximated by closed form expressions similar to those used in patch antenna theory. The insight provided by the analytical expressions, and the potential of achieving similar closed-form expressions for a range of plasmonic phenomenon such as spasing, fluorescence enhancement, and perfect absorbers, motivates a more detailed study of the film-coupled patch. Here, we present an expanded analytical analysis of the plasmonic patch geometry, applying an eigenmode expansion method to arrive at a more accurate description of the field distribution underneath a film-coupled plasmonic nanocube. The fields corresponding to the inhomogeneous Maxwell's equations are expanded in a set of lossless waveguide eigenmodes. Radiation damping and Ohmic losses are then perturbatively taken into account by considering an equivalent surface impedance. We find that radiative loss couples the lossless eigenmodes, leading to discernible features in the scattering spectra of the nanocubes. The method presented can be further applied to the case of point source excitations, in which accounting for all potential eigenmodes becomes essential.

Patrick T. Bowen and David R. Smith

2014-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

291

Dynamic behavior of the excitation circuit of a doubly-fed induction generator under a symmetrical voltage drop  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The large-scale application of doubly-fed wind turbines has significantly changed the fault transient characteristics of power systems. However, the transient state of a doubly-fed induction generator (DFIG) under large disturbances is difficult to accurately evaluate. The main difficulty lies in the failure to acquire the transient process of the DFIG excitation circuit because of the high orders and the strong coupling of excitation control. This paper presents a detailed transient analysis of a DFIG, with focus on the dynamic behavior and effects of the excitation circuit. The dynamic models of the rotor-side converter and the grid-side converter, which include the excitation regulation and the electromagnetic process, were constructed. The effects of the implementation of controllers on the transient behavior of the DFIG are analyzed by deducing the transitive relation of transient processes. Simplified expressions of DFIG electrical variables are proposed with the excitation regulation considered.

Jinxin Ouyang; Xiaofu Xiong

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Research on short-circuit current of doubly fed induction generator under non-deep voltage drop  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The transient characteristics of power systems with large-scale doubly fed wind turbines undergo profound changes. Doubly fed induction generators (DFIG) under non-deep voltage drop generate short-circuit currents, which involves complicated electromagnetism and control coupling. This phenomenon has only been partially studied in the literature. Thus, this paper presents a detailed analysis of the short-circuit current of DFIG, with particular attention to the influence of converter adjustment. The dynamics of generator and converter control were simultaneously analyzed by vector analysis in uniform coordinate space. The generation mechanism, composition, and analytical expressions of short-circuit current were proposed. DFIG models were constructed to calculate the initial and steady-state short-circuit current. Simulation and experiment were performed to verify the efficacy of the proposed analyses.

Jinxin Ouyang; Xiaofu Xiong

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Control strategies of doubly fed induction generator-based wind turbine system with new rotor current protection topology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A protection scheme of a doubly fed induction generator (DFIG) based wind turbine system during faults is crowbar activation. With this protection the rotor side converter (RSC) is temporarily disconnected and its vector control over the stator active and reactive power is lost leading to poor power quality at the point of common coupling (PCC). This paper presents a new protection scheme for transient rotor current to improve the performance of DFIG during grid disturbance. The new scheme consisting of a crowbar and series circuit is connected between the rotor windings and RSC to enhance the low voltage ride-through capability of DFIG. The proposed scheme successfully limits the transient rotor current and dc-link voltage and a disconnection of RSC from the rotor windings is avoided during fault. Additionally RSC and grid-side converter controllers are modified to improve the voltage at PCC. Simulations on matlab/Simulink verify the effectiveness of the proposed scheme.

Jackson John Justo; Kyoung-Soo Ro

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Isochronal synchronization of delay-coupled systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider small network models for mutually delay-coupled systems which typically do not exhibit stable isochronally synchronized solutions. We show that for certain coupling architectures which involve delayed self feedback to the nodes, the oscillators become isochronally synchronized. Applications are shown for both incoherent pump coupled lasers and spatio-temporal coupled fiber ring lasers.

Ira B. Schwartz; Leah B. Shaw

2006-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

295

Study of permanent-magnet couplings with progressive magnetization using an analytical formulation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Permanent-magnet (PM) magnetic couplings are used in many industrial applications. They allow the transmission of a torque from a rotating part to another rotating part without any mechanical contact. They are used in sealed equipment to transmit a movement through a separation wall. They are also very useful in high security applications to avoid failures due to torque overload. Nonclassical structures of permanent-magnet cylindrical air-gap couplings with progressive magnetization are studied. In these couplings, parallelepiped magnets with nonclassical magnetization direction are used and stuck in ironless cores. The magnetization direction of each magnet is chosen to provide an optimal repartition of the induction in the air gap. This progressive magnetization allows very high values of pullout torque. The use of this type of structure with ironless cores and very high pull-out torque seems to be an advantageous way to minimize the inertia and maximize the pullout torque of a magnetic coupling. An efficient method to calculate the torque of such a coupling is presented, based on analytical formulas for forces between magnets. It allows the exact evaluation of the performance of the studied couplings when the main dimensions of the coupling are varying with small calculation time. In this paper the influence of the number of pole pairs, the influence of the number of magnets per pole, the influence of the magnets' thickness, the influence of the air-gap radius, and the influence of the length of the structure are studied and discussed. Then some general rules are presented for efficient design of such a coupling.

Charpentier, J.F.; Lemarquand, G.

1999-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Flicker attenuation and transfer study for induction generator integrated into distribution network  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Squirrel-cage induction generators (IGs) are widely used in distributed generation (DG). When the voltage at the point of common coupling is fluctuant, the embedded IG will show the impedance characteristic with dynamic changes under the different fluctuation frequencies. In addition, the drive train of IG set has great impact on the voltage flicker attenuation. This paper observes the dynamic response of IG to the voltage flicker through the experiments and further defines the flicker attenuation factor and transfer coefficient. A linearization model of IG with two-mass equivalent drive train is constructed through comparing the impacts of different drive trains (such as diesel engine, wind turbine) on the voltage flicker attenuation. Then an analytical method is proposed to determine the dynamic impedance, attenuation factor, transfer coefficient and flicker limit for IG integrated into distribution network. The correctness of the proposed method is verified by the experimental tests and the dynamic simulation using the detailed model of IG set. The parameters sensitivities of drive train and generator to the voltage flicker attenuation effect are analyzed and discussed in the paper.

Qianggang Wang; Niancheng Zhou; Jizhong Zhu; Wei Yan; Shu Pan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

STATIC AND DYNAMIC MEASUREMENTS OF A PERMANENT MAGNET INDUCTION GENERATOR: TEST RESULTS OF A NEW WIND GENERATOR CONCEPT  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Permanent Magnet Induction Machine, a new wind generator concept, is considered to be a highly...

Gabriele Gail; Thomas Hartkopf…

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Global Analysis of Synchronization in Coupled Maps  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We introduce a new method for determining the global stability of synchronization in systems of coupled identical maps. The method is based on the study of invariant measures. Besides the simplest non-trivial example, namely two symmetrically coupled tent maps, we also treat the case of two asymmetrically coupled tent maps as well as a globally coupled network. Our main result is the identification of the precise value of the coupling parameter where the synchronizing and desynchronizing transitions take place.

Juergen Jost; Kiran M. Kolwankar

2005-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

299

Perovskite catalysts for oxidative coupling  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Perovskites of the structure A.sub.2 B.sub.2 C.sub.3 O.sub.10 are useful as catalysts for the oxidative coupling of lower alkane to heavier hydrocarbons. A is alkali metal; B is lanthanide or lanthanum, cerium, neodymium, samarium, praseodymium, gadolinium or dysprosium; and C is titanium.

Campbell, Kenneth D. (Charleston, WV)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Perovskite catalysts for oxidative coupling  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Perovskites of the structure A[sub 2]B[sub 2]C[sub 3]O[sub 10] are useful as catalysts for the oxidative coupling of lower alkane to heavier hydrocarbons. A is alkali metal; B is lanthanide or lanthanum, cerium, neodymium, samarium, praseodymium, gadolinium or dysprosium; and C is titanium.

Campbell, K.D.

1991-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inductively coupled plasma-atomic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Magnetically coupled system for mixing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The invention provides a mixing system comprising a magnetically coupled drive system and a foil for cultivating algae, or cyanobacteria, in an open or enclosed vessel. The invention provides effective mixing, low energy usage, low capital expenditure, and ease of drive system component maintenance while maintaining the integrity of a sealed mixing vessel.

Miller, III, Harlan; Meichel, George; Legere, Edward; Malkiel, Edwin; Woods, Robert Paul; Ashley, Oliver; Katz, Joseph; Ward, Jason; Petersen, Paul

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Vedolizumab as Induction and Maintenance Therapy for Ulcerative Colitis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...vedolizumab induction therapy at week 6 received vedolizumab (300 mg) every 4 weeks and were followed through week 52. Patients in cohort 1 who received placebo continued to receive placebo and were followed in a similar fashion. Randomization was performed centrally with the use of computer-generated randomization... In this 52-week randomized trial, the ?4?7 integrin antibody vedolizumab was effective in treating ulcerative colitis. There were not significantly more adverse events with vedolizumab than with placebo, but the trial was not large or long enough to fully assess safety.

Feagan B.G.; Rutgeerts P.; Sands B.E.

2013-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

303

Coupled second-quantized oscillators  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Second quantization is a powerful technique for describing quantum mechanical processes in which the number of excitations of a single particle is not conserved. A textbook example of second quantization is the presentation of the simple harmonic oscillator in terms of creation and annihilation operators which respectively represent addition or removal of quanta of energy from the oscillator. Our aim in this article is to bolster this textbook example. Accordingly we explore the physics of coupled second-quantized oscillators. These explorations are phrased as exactly solvable eigenvalue problems the mathematical structure providing a framework for the physical understanding. The examples we present can be used to enhance the discussion of second-quantized harmonic oscillators in the classroom to make a connection to the classical physics of coupled oscillators and to acquaint students with systems employed at the frontiers of contemporary physics research.

H. Shi; S. Preble

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Gear coupling effects on rotordynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Subject: WIechanical Engineering GEAR COUPLING EFFECTS ON ROTORDYNAMICS A Thesis by ROBERT WARREN CLARK, JR. Approved as to style and content by: Alan P alas o (Chairman of Committee) Make McDermott (Member) Jorgen Nikolajsen (Member) ay W... A. 'vIancuso 4 = misalignment angle AI, = transmitted torque R = pitch radius of gear mesh p = coefficient of friction A = arc of gear tooth contact W = load per tooth D?= diameter of curvature oi' tooth Gibbons Ts ? transmitted torque W...

Clark, Robert Warren

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Statefinder diagnostic for coupled quintessence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The problem of the cosmic coincidence is a longstanding puzzle. This conundrum may be solved by introducing a coupling between the two dark sectors. In this Letter, we study two cases of the coupled quintessence scenario. $(a)$ Assume that the mass of dark matter particles depends exponentially on the scalar field associated to dark energy and meanwhile the scalar field evolves in an exponential potential; $(b)$ Assume that the mass of dark matter particles depends on a power law function of the scalar field and meanwhile the scalar field evolves in a power law potential. Since the dynamics of this system is dominated by an attractor solution, the mass of dark matter particles is forced to change with time as to ensure that the ratio between the energy densities of dark matter and dark energy becomes a constant at late times, and one thus solve the cosmic coincidence problem naturally. We perform a statefinder diagnostic to both cases of this coupled quintessence scenario. It is shown that the evolving trajectory of this scenario in the $s-r$ diagram is quite different from those of other dark energy models.

Xin Zhang

2005-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

306

E-Print Network 3.0 - argon plasma atomic Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

importance. A recent study of kineticsand decayprocesses in argon has shown that the 4s atomic... of an argon plasma by transient visible absorption spectroscopy from...

307

E-Print Network 3.0 - aphid wing induction Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of these life history differences, stimuli leading to the induction of alternate cotton aphid... ), the green normal' morph, the yellow dwarf' ... Source: Rosenheim, Jay A....

308

Thermal Protection of an Inductive Proximity Sensor Utilizing Low-Density Ceramic Composition Tile.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This thesis presents the results of a unique method for protecting inductive proximity (IP) sensors from extreme thermal exposure. The method presented in this study… (more)

Anger, Kim

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Radio-frequency induction plasmas at atmospheric pressure: Mixtures of hydrogen, nitrogen, and oxygen with argon  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Numerical calculations are reported which simulate atmospheric-pressure radiofrequency induction plasmas consisting of either pure argon or mixtures of argon with hydrogen, nitrogen, or oxygen. These calculati...

S. L. Girshick; W. Yu

1990-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

E-Print Network 3.0 - adjustable inductive decoupling Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

University of Rochester Collection: Engineering 52 Development of Induction Machines in Wind Power Stefan Soter, Member, IEEE, Ralf Wegener, Student Member, IEEE Summary: an...

311

Modelling and verification of doubly fed induction generator (DFIG) using real time digital simulator (RTDS).  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This master thesis deals with Doubly Fed Induction Generator (DFIG) controller in RSCAD model. The controller in RSCAD is built and designed according to the… (more)

Shafiei, Farhad

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Fault Identification in Doubly Fed Induction Generator Using FFT and Neural Networks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a fault identification system for doubly fed induction generator (DFIG). It considers cases of single phase ... with the PP to fault identification in the DFIG.

Marcelo Patrício de Santana…

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Adaptive control and parameter identification of a doubly-fed induction generator for wind power .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The use of Doubly-Fed Induction Generators (DFIG) for wind energy conversion is addressed in this thesis. It is well known that when the stator is… (more)

Orfanos-Pepainas, Stamatios

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Grid Connected Doubly Fed Induction Generator Based Wind Turbine under LVRT.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This project concentrates on the Low Voltage Ride Through (LVRT) capability of Doubly Fed Induction Generator (DFIG) wind turbine. The main attention in the project… (more)

Subramanian, Chandrasekaran and#60;1983and#62

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Wind turbine power generation emulation via doubly fed induction generator control .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??In this thesis, we emulate a Wind Turbine Generator by driving a Doubly Fed Induction Generator (DFIG) via a DC motor with variable input torque… (more)

Edwards, Gregory W.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Brushless Doubly Fed Induction Generator Based Wind Turbine Drivetrain Under Grid Fault Conditions:.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??With growing interest in sustainable forms of energy, the wind industry is growing rapidly. The Doubly Fed Induction Generator is the most popular choice for… (more)

Shipurkar, U.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

E-Print Network 3.0 - antimetabolite induction high-dose Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

General introduction General introduction Summary: animal model was used in which male rats were treated with a single, high dose of MTX. MTX was chosen... the induction of...

318

Induction of DNA Damage by Low Dose PET scans  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Induction of DNA Damage by Low Dose PET scans Induction of DNA Damage by Low Dose PET scans Douglas Boreham McMaster University Abstract This research is focused on assessing the radiation risk associated with positron emission tomography (PET) scans. It has been suggested that low dose medical imaging, such as PET scans, carry an added biological risk because they expose the patient to ionizing radiation. PET scanning is an increasingly used nuclear medicine procedure that requires the administration of isotope 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG, E=250 keV β and 511 keV γ) and results in an effective dose to the patient ranging from 7-22 mSv. The radiation induced DNA damage associated with a PET scan was studied in 7-9 week old female wild type Trp53 +/+ mice. Mice were given a PET scan with 18F-FDG and the biological response was assessed in bone marrow using

319

Felix Bloch, Nuclear Induction, Bloch Equations, Bloch Theorem, Bloch  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Felix Bloch, Nuclear Induction, and Bloch Equations Felix Bloch, Nuclear Induction, and Bloch Equations Resources with Additional Information Stressing "the importance both of demonstrating the neutron's magnetic moment and of determining its magnitude", Felix Bloch began his research on neutron physics at Stanford [University] in early 1936. "Using mostly X-ray and microwave equipment from the physics labs, he and Norris Bradbury ... built [a neutron] source ... . (Bloch later pointed out that this equipment was more important as a source of inspiration than of neutrons.) Eventually, he extended his use of neutron sources to studies of neutron polarisation, a link to his earlier research in ferromagnetism. Felix Bloch Courtesy Stanford University Archives These studies served as a basis for a collaborative effort with Luis Alvarez ... . In the fall of 1938, Alvarez and Bloch began working with Berkeley's 37" cyclotron to determine the magnetic moment of the neutron. ... By the summer of 1939 ... they were able to publish very precise results. This experiment was, in fact, one of the first important uses of Ernest Lawrence's cyclotron. ..

320

Linear inductive voltage adders (IVA) for advanced hydrodynamic radiography  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The electron beam which drifts through the multiple cavities of conventional induction linacs (LIA) is replaced in an IVA by a cylindrical metal conductor which extends along the entire length of the device and effectuates the addition of the accelerator cavity voltages. In the approach to radiography, the linear inductive voltage adder drives a magnetically immersed electron diode with a millimeter diameter cathode electrode and a planar anode/bremsstrahlung converter. Both anode and cathode electrodes are immersed in a strong (15--50 T) solenoidal magnetic field. The electron beam cross section is approximately of the same size as the cathode needle and generates a similar size, very intense x-ray beam when it strikes the anode converter. An IVA driven diode can produce electron beams of equal size and energy as a LIA but with much higher currents (40--50 kA versus 4--5 kA), simpler hardware and thus lower cost. The authors present here first experimental validations of the technology utilizing HERMES 3 and SABRE IVA accelerators. The electron beam voltage and current were respectively of the order of 10 MV and 40 kA. X-ray doses of up to 1 kR {at} 1 m and spot sizes as small as 1.7 mm (at 200 R doses) were measured.

Mazarakis, M.G.; Boyes, J.D.; Johnson, D.L. [and others

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inductively coupled plasma-atomic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

MCT: Model Coupling Toolkit | Argonne National Laboratory  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

MCT: Model Coupling Toolkit MCT: Model Coupling Toolkit MCT: Model Coupling Toolkit MCT is a set of open-source software tools for creating coupled models. MCT is fully parallel and can be used to couple message-passing parallel models to create a parallel coupled model. MCT is available as a small library and a set of Fortran90 modules. MCT provides model interoperability through a simple API. Two models that declare and use MCT datatypes can be coupled with a minimum of effort. MCT provides the following core coupling services: A component model registry Domain decomposition descriptors Communications schedulers for parallel MxN intercomponent data transfer and MxM intracomponent data redistribution A flexible and indexible (i.e., random-access) field data storage datatype A time averaging and accumulation buffer datatype

322

Reactor accelerator coupling experiments: a feasability study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Reactor Accelerator Coupling Experiments (RACE) are a set of neutron source driven subcritical experiments under temperature feedback conditions. These experiments will involve coupling an accelerator driven neutron source to a TRIGA reactor...

Woddi Venkat Krishna, Taraknath

2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

323

Vapor phase modifiers for oxidative coupling  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Volatilized metal compounds retard vapor phase alkane conversion reactions in oxidative coupling processes that convert lower alkanes to higher hydrocarbons.

Warren, Barbara K. (Charleston, WV)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Core Coupling in Nb-99  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to be good. NUCLEAR REACTIONS, NUCLEAR STRUCTURE '"Mop, 'He), E =40.7 Mev, measured o(8) 99Nb levels deduced S. Calculated levels, 4, n', 8 NNb, particle- core-coupling model. The proton configurations of nuclei in the Zr-Mo region have been the subject... of much experimental interest. ' ' The only information available on ~Nb, however, was obtained by measurement of y decay following 99Zr P decay, ~ and is rather lim- ited. We have studied the levels of "Nb with the Mo(d, 'He) reaction at 40.7-Me...

Bindal, P. K.; Youngblood, David H.

1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Signal amplification by unidirectional coupling of oscillators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report our investigation on the input signal amplification in unidirectionally coupled monostable Duffing oscillators in one- and two-dimensions with first oscillator alone driven by a weak periodic signal. Applying a perturbation theory we obtain a set of nonlinear equations for the response amplitude of the coupled oscillators. We identify the conditions for undamped signal propagation with enhanced amplitude through the coupled oscillators. When the number of oscillators increases the response amplitude approaches a limiting value. We determine this limiting value. Also, we analyse the signal amplification in the coupled oscillators in two-dimensions with fraction of oscillators chosen randomly for coupling and forcing.

S. Rajamani; S. Rajasekar

2014-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

326

Plasmon-phonon coupling in graphene  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Collective excitations of coupled electron-phonon systems are calculated for both monolayer and bilayer graphenes, taking into account the nonperturbative Coulomb coupling between electronic excitations in graphene and the substrate longitudinal-optical phonon modes. We find that the plasmon-phonon coupling in monolayer graphene is strong at all densities but in bilayer graphene the coupling is significant only at high densities satisfying the resonant condition ?pl??ph. The difference arises from the peculiar screening properties associated with chirality of graphene. Plasmon-phonon coupling explains the measured quasilinear plasmon dispersion in the long-wavelength limit, thus resolving a puzzle in the experimental observations.

E. H. Hwang; Rajdeep Sensarma; S. Das Sarma

2010-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

327

Magnetic induction measurements using an all-optical {sup 87}Rb atomic magnetometer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this work we propose, and experimentally demonstrate, the use of a self-oscillating all-optical atomic magnetometer for magnetic induction measurements. Given the potential for miniaturization of atomic magnetometers, and their extreme sensitivity, the present work shows that atomic magnetometers may play a key role in the development of instrumentation for magnetic induction tomography.

Wickenbrock, Arne; Tricot, François; Renzoni, Ferruccio [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT (United Kingdom)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT (United Kingdom)

2013-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

328

Modelling and Analysis of Variable Speed Wind Turbines with Induction Generator during Grid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modelling and Analysis of Variable Speed Wind Turbines with Induction Generator during Grid Fault Wind Turbines with Induction Generator during Grid Fault by Sigrid M. Bolik Institute of Energy turbine technology has undergone rapid developments. Growth in size and the optimization of wind turbines

Hansen, René Rydhof

329

RecA-mediated SOS induction requires an extended filament conformation but no ATP hydrolysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RecA-mediated SOS induction requires an extended filament conformation but no ATP hydrolysis filament on single-stranded DNA and hydrolyzes ATP. The RecA K72R (recA2201) muta- tion eliminates in the presence of ATP. Strains with this mutation do not undergo SOS induction in vivo. We have combined the K72R

Cox, Michael M.

330

Independent Control of Two Induction Motors Fed by a Five Legs PWM Inverter for Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Independent Control of Two Induction Motors Fed by a Five Legs PWM Inverter for Electric Vehicles B. NOMENCLATURE EV = Electric vehicle; IM = Induction motor; IFOC = Indirect field oriented control; PWM= Pulse force; Fcr = Climbing and downgrade resistance force; Pv = Vehicle driving power; J = Total inertia

Boyer, Edmond

331

SDTC-EKF Control of an Induction Motor Based Electric Vehicle B. Tabbache1,2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SDTC-EKF Control of an Induction Motor Based Electric Vehicle B. Tabbache1,2 , A. Kheloui2 , M torque control of an induction motor based electric vehicle. In this case, stator flux and rotational, comprising the electric motor, power converter, and electronic controller, is the core of the EV propulsion

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

332

A Loss-Minimization DTC Scheme for EV Induction Motors A. Haddoun1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of an induction motor propelling and Electric Vehicle (EV). The proposed control strategy, based on a Direct Flux, among EV's motor electric propulsion features; the energy efficiency is a basic characteristic and the performance of the proposed control approach. Index Terms--Electric vehicle, induction motor, DTC, loss

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

333

Space vector double frame field oriented control of six phase induction motors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper a new rotor field orientation control of six phase induction machine is proposed. The machine has two three phase windings spatially shifted by 30 electrical degrees. The dynamic model of the machine is based on the three two dimensional ... Keywords: six-phase induction machine, space voltage modulation, vector control

M. Kamari; M. Keramatzadeh; R. Kianinezhad

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

A BFS-DEVS Approach for Induction Generator Non Traditional Modelling L. Capocchi  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A BFS-DEVS Approach for Induction Generator Non Traditional Modelling L. Capocchi University particularly of an induction generator machine. Our approach is based on VHDL-AMS (Very high speed integrated-oriented model, a simplified and realistic model of an induc- tion generator machine can be defined. That model

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

335

Health Monitoring of Drive Connected Three-Phase Induction Motors ----- From Wired Towards Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

three-phase induction motor drives a DC generator through ainduction machines. Temperature Temperature is widely monitored in electrical drives and generators.Induction Motor Resistors pack Pulley V-belt 2b Terminal box 1a Terminal box 1b DC Generator

Xue, Xin

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Field-reversed configuration formation scheme utilizing a spheromak and solenoid induction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Field-reversed configuration formation scheme utilizing a spheromak and solenoid induction S. P FRC formation technique is described, where a spheromak transitions to a FRC with inductive current are suppressed; spheromaks with a lighter majority species, such as neon and helium, either display a terminal

Ji, Hantao

337

Low-Cost Single-Phase Powered Induction Machine Drive for Residential Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and lifetime. Keywords-induction motor; harmonic elimination; power factor correction; efficiency; low cost of the motors are less than 1 hp in size, and account for approximately 10% of the electricity consumed by the electric motor population [1]. These fractional horsepower motors are primarily single- phase induction

Chapman, Patrick

338

H-G Diagram Based Rotor Parameters Identification for Induction Motors Thermal Monitoring  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

H-G Diagram Based Rotor Parameters Identification for Induction Motors Thermal Monitoring Mohamed: In this paper, an effective on-line method for induction motor parameter identification, especially rotor for each operating point. Computer simulations and experimental tests, carried out for a 4-kW four

Brest, Université de

339

Original articles: Flicker mitigation in a doubly fed induction generator wind turbine system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper describes a doubly fed induction generator (DFIG) control for wind energy generation. The DFIG model is established and the adopted control strategies for machine side and grid side converters are described. Flicker phenomenon is defined and ... Keywords: Doubly fed induction generator, Flicker, Machine side converter, Power quality, Wind power generation

Mohamed Machmoum; Ahmad Hatoum; Toufik Bouaouiche

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

A DUAL-BAND MILLIMETER-WAVE KINETIC INDUCTANCE CAMERA FOR THE IRAM 30 m TELESCOPE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Neel IRAM KIDs Array (NIKA) is a fully integrated measurement system based on kinetic inductance detectors (KIDs) currently being developed for millimeter wave astronomy. The instrument includes dual-band optics allowing simultaneous imaging at 150 GHz and 220 GHz. The imaging sensors consist of two spatially separated arrays of KIDs. The first array, mounted on the 150 GHz branch, is composed of 144 lumped-element KIDs. The second array (220 GHz) consists of 256 antenna-coupled KIDs. Each of the arrays is sensitive to a single polarization; the band splitting is achieved by using a grid polarizer. The optics and sensors are mounted in a custom dilution cryostat, with an operating temperature of {approx}70 mK. Electronic readout is realized using frequency multiplexing and a transmission line geometry consisting of a coaxial cable connected in series with the sensor array and a low-noise 4 K amplifier. The dual-band NIKA was successfully tested in 2010 October at the Institute for Millimetric Radio Astronomy (IRAM) 30 m telescope at Pico Veleta, Spain, performing in-line with laboratory predictions. An optical NEP was then calculated to be around 2 x 10{sup -16} W Hz{sup -1/2} (at 1 Hz) while under a background loading of approximately 4 pW pixel{sup -1}. This improvement in comparison with a preliminary run (2009) verifies that NIKA is approaching the target sensitivity for photon-noise limited ground-based detectors. Taking advantage of the larger arrays and increased sensitivity, a number of scientifically relevant faint and extended objects were then imaged including the Galactic Center SgrB2 (FIR1), the radio galaxy Cygnus A, and the NGC1068 Seyfert galaxy. These targets were all observed simultaneously in the 150 GHz and 220 GHz atmospheric windows.

Monfardini, A.; Benoit, A.; Bideaud, A.; Swenson, L.; Cruciani, A.; Camus, P.; Hoffmann, C. [Institut Neel, CNRS and Universite Joseph Fourier (UJF), Grenoble F-38042 (France); Desert, F. X. [Institut de Planetologie et d'Astrophysique, UJF and CNRS-INSU, Grenoble F-38041 (France); Doyle, S.; Ade, P.; Mauskopf, P.; Tucker, C. [Cardiff School of Physics and Astronomy, Cardiff University, Cardiff CF24 3AA (United Kingdom); Roesch, M.; Leclercq, S.; Schuster, K. F. [Institut de RadioAstronomie Millimetrique (IRAM), Saint Martin d'Heres F-38406 (France); Endo, A. [Kavli Institute of NanoScience, Delft University of Technology, 2628 CJ Delft (Netherlands); Baryshev, A.; Baselmans, J. J. A.; Ferrari, L.; Yates, S. J. C, E-mail: monfardini@grenoble.cnrs.fr [SRON, Netherlands Institute for Space Research, 3584 CA Utrecht and 9700 AV Groningen (Netherlands)

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inductively coupled plasma-atomic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

MCT--The Model Coupling Toolkit  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Model Coupling Toolkit Model Coupling Toolkit MCT is a set of open-source software tools for creating coupled models. MCT is fully parallel and can be used to couple message-passing parallel models to create a parallel coupled model. MCT is available as a small library and a set of Fortran90 modules. MCT provides model interoperability through a simple API. Two models that declare and use MCT datatypes can be coupled with a minimum of effort. MCT provides the following core coupling services: a component model registry domain decomposition descriptors communications schedulers for parallel MxN intercomponent data transfer and MxM intracomponent data redistribution a flexible and indexible (i.e., random-access) field data storage datatype a time averaging and accumulation buffer datatype

342

Proton-Coupled Electron Transfer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Proton-Coupled Electron Transfer (PCET) describes reactions in which there is a change in both electron and proton content between reactants and products. It originates from the influence of changes in electron content on acid?base properties and provides a molecular-level basis for energy transduction between proton transfer and electron transfer. Coupled electron?proton transfer or EPT is defined as an elementary step in which electrons and protons transfer from different orbitals on the donor to different orbitals on the acceptor. There is (usually) a clear distinction between EPT and H-atom transfer (HAT) or hydride transfer, in which the transferring electrons and proton come from the same bond. Hybrid mechanisms exist in which the elementary steps are different for the reaction partners. EPT pathways such as PhO•/PhOH exchange have much in common with HAT pathways in that electronic coupling is significant, comparable to the reorganization energy with H{sub DA} ~ ?. Multiple-Site Electron?Proton Transfer (MS-EPT) is an elementary step in which an electron?proton donor transfers electrons and protons to different acceptors, or an electron?proton acceptor accepts electrons and protons from different donors. It exploits the long-range nature of electron transfer while providing for the short-range nature of proton transfer. A variety of EPT pathways exist, creating a taxonomy based on what is transferred, e.g., 1e{sup -}/2H{sup +} MS-EPT. PCET achieves “redox potential leveling” between sequential couples and the buildup of multiple redox equivalents, which is of importance in multielectron catalysis. There are many examples of PCET and pH-dependent redox behavior in metal complexes, in organic and biological molecules, in excited states, and on surfaces. Changes in pH can be used to induce electron transfer through films and over long distances in molecules. Changes in pH, induced by local electron transfer, create pH gradients and a driving force for long-range proton transfer in Photosysem II and through other biological membranes. In EPT, simultaneous transfer of electrons and protons occurs on time scales short compared to the periods of coupled vibrations and solvent modes. A theory for EPT has been developed which rationalizes rate constants and activation barriers, includes temperature- and driving force (?G)-dependences implicitly, and explains kinetic isotope effects. The distance-dependence of EPT is dominated by the short-range nature of proton transfer, with electron transfer being far less demanding.Changes in external pH do not affect an EPT elementary step. Solvent molecules or buffer components can act as proton donor acceptors, but individual H2O molecules are neither good bases (pK{sub a}(H{sub 3}O{sup +}) = ?1.74) nor good acids (pK{sub a}(H{sub 2}O) = 15.7). There are many examples of mechanisms in chemistry, in biology, on surfaces, and in the gas phase which utilize EPT. PCET and EPT play critical roles in the oxygen evolving complex (OEC) of Photosystem II and other biological reactions by decreasing driving force and avoiding high-energy intermediates.

Weinberg, Dave; Gagliardi, Christopher J.; Hull, Jonathan F; Murphy, Christine Fecenko; Kent, Caleb A.; Westlake, Brittany C.; Paul, Amit; Ess, Daniel H; McCafferty, Dewey Granville; Meyer, Thomas J

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

An Advanced simulation Code for Modeling Inductive Output Tubes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During the Phase I program, CCR completed several major building blocks for a 3D large signal, inductive output tube (IOT) code using modern computer language and programming techniques. These included a 3D, Helmholtz, time-harmonic, field solver with a fully functional graphical user interface (GUI), automeshing and adaptivity. Other building blocks included the improved electrostatic Poisson solver with temporal boundary conditions to provide temporal fields for the time-stepping particle pusher as well as the self electric field caused by time-varying space charge. The magnetostatic field solver was also updated to solve for the self magnetic field caused by time changing current density in the output cavity gap. The goal function to optimize an IOT cavity was also formulated, and the optimization methodologies were investigated.

Thuc Bui; R. Lawrence Ives

2012-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

344

Voltage controlled stand-alone microhydro induction generator system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The paper discusses simulated control cases of the wound rotor self-excited induction generator WRSEIG. The generator external controller is designed to regulate the output voltage and frequency for constant or variable speed operation of the prime mover and has the inherent capability of protecting the load from short circuit, which permits voltage collapse under heavy loads. WRSEIG is self-excited using one set of excitation capacitance connected across the generator stator side. At the rotor side, a PWM controlled resistor is connected to the rotor windings through the rotating slips and act as a slip power controller. The controller can be configured to regulate the voltage as the speed or the load changes. The presented system has the capability to generate good quality AC power source with minimum controlling elements and can operate under constant or adjustable prime mover speed that suits many microhydro electricity-generating plants.

K.A. Nigim

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Modelling and Simulation of Inductive Fault Current Limiters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Inductive superconducting fault current limiters have already demonstrated their technical viability in electrical networks. Its architecture and robustness make them potentially adequate for distribution networks, and this type of devices is considered as an enabling technology for the advent of embedded generation with renewable energy sources. In order to promote the growth and maturity of these superconducting technologies, fast design tools must be developed, allowing simulating devices with different materials in grids with diverse characteristics. This work presents advances in the development of such tool, which, at present stage, is an effective alternative to software simulations by finite elements methods, reducing dramatically computation time. The algorithms are now compared with experimental results from a laboratory scale prototype, showing the need to refine them.

João Murta Pina; Pedro Pereira; Anabela Pronto; Pedro Arsénio; Tiago Silva

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Generalisation of rough set for rule induction in incomplete system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Rough set models based on the tolerance and similarity relations, have been widely used to deal with incomplete information systems. However, tolerance and similarity relations have their own limitations because the former is too loose while the latter is too strict in classification analysis. To make a reasonable and flexible classification in incomplete information system, a new binary relation is proposed in this paper. Such binary relation is only reflexive and it is a generalisation of tolerance and similarity relations. Furthermore, rough set models based on the above three different binary relations are compared. Finally, the direct approach to rules induction is investigated by using the proposed rough set, some illustrative examples are analysed to substantiate the conceptual arguments.

Xibei Yang; Xiaoning Song; Xiaohua Hu

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

WIPP Employee Inducted Into Mine Rescue Hall of Fame - WIPP Teams  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Employee Inducted Into Mine Rescue Hall of Fame - WIPP Teams Employee Inducted Into Mine Rescue Hall of Fame - WIPP Teams Recognized at National Competition WIPP Employee Inducted Into Mine Rescue Hall of Fame - WIPP Teams Recognized at National Competition August 2, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Blue Mine Rescue Team Captain Gary Kessler (right) receives an award from Neal Merrifield, administrator for the Mine Safety and Health Administration Metal/Non-Metal mines, after Kessler was inducted into the National Mine Rescue Hall of Fame on Aug. 1, 2013. Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Blue Mine Rescue Team Captain Gary Kessler (right) receives an award from Neal Merrifield, administrator for the Mine Safety and Health Administration Metal/Non-Metal mines, after Kessler was inducted into the National Mine Rescue Hall of Fame on Aug. 1, 2013.

348

EA-1087: Proposed Induction Linac System Experiments in Building 51B at  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

7: Proposed Induction Linac System Experiments in Building 7: Proposed Induction Linac System Experiments in Building 51B at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California EA-1087: Proposed Induction Linac System Experiments in Building 51B at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California SUMMARY This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of a proposal to modify existing Building 51B at the U.S. Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory to install and conduct experiments on a new Induction Linear Accelerator System. PUBLIC COMMENT OPPORTUNITIES None available at this time. DOCUMENTS AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD September 8, 1995 EA-1087: Finding of No Significant Impact Proposed Induction Linac System Experiments in Building 51B at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California

349

Influence of idling and short circuits on the self-excitation of a classical double-output induction generator  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Experimental results for the capacitor self-excitation of an induction generator with a short-circuited phase rotor and a classical double-output induction generator are compared. The influence of the preceding ....

A. -Z. R. Dzhendubaev; R. Yu. Barakhoev

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Welding shield for coupling heaters  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Systems for coupling end portions of two elongated heater portions and methods of using such systems to treat a subsurface formation are described herein. A system may include a holding system configured to hold end portions of the two elongated heater portions so that the end portions are abutted together or located near each other; a shield for enclosing the end portions, and one or more inert gas inlets configured to provide at least one inert gas to flush the system with inert gas during welding of the end portions. The shield may be configured to inhibit oxidation during welding that joins the end portions together. The shield may include a hinged door that, when closed, is configured to at least partially isolate the interior of the shield from the atmosphere. The hinged door, when open, is configured to allow access to the interior of the shield.

Menotti, James Louis (Dickinson, TX)

2010-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

351

UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report An Introduction into Induction and Natural Gas Stoves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

into Induction and Natural Gas Stoves: A Triple Bottom Line Analysis for the new Student Union Building Jordan Ho of a project/report". #12;APSC 262 An Introduction Into Induction and Natural Gas Stoves A triple-bottom line, 2011 #12;Page 2 of 21 ABSTRACT This report compares the attributes of induction and natural gas stoves

352

On the impact of on-chip inductance on signal nets under the influence of power grid noise  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It has been well recognized that the impact of on-chip inductance on some critical nets, such as clock nets, is significant and cannot be ignored in delay modeling for these nets. However, the impact of on-chip inductance on signal nets in general is ... Keywords: on-chip inductance, power grid, very large scale integration (VLSI)

Tom Chen

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Sensor Fault-Tolerant Control of an Induction Motor Based Electric Vehicle Bekhera Tabbache1,2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sensor Fault-Tolerant Control of an Induction Motor Based Electric Vehicle Bekheïra Tabbache1://www.lbms.fr Keywords Electric Vehicle (EV), Induction motor, Sensor fault, Fault-tolerant control (FTC), Direct torque a reconfigurable direct torque control of an induction motor-based electric vehicle. The proposed strategy concerns

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

354

A Fuzzy-Based Strategy to Improve Control Reconfiguration Performance of a Sensor Fault-Tolerant Induction Motor Propulsion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

recovery in the Electric (EV) or Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) induction motor drive. To achieve this goal-ref · Fault Tolerant Controller HybridHybrid ElectricElectric VehicleVehicle Induction Motor Sensorless Fuzzy-Tolerant Induction Motor Propulsion Bekheira Tabbache1,2 , Mohamed Benbouzid1 , Abdelaziz Kheloui2 and Jean

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

355

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ENERGY CONVERSION, VOL. 21, NO. 3, SEPTEMBER 2006 699 Speed-Sensorless Torque Control of Induction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ENERGY CONVERSION, VOL. 21, NO. 3, SEPTEMBER 2006 699 Speed-Sensorless Torque Control of Induction Machine Based on Carrier Signal Injection and Smooth-Air-Gap Induction Machine Model--A speed-estimation technique for induction machines, based on carrier signal injection and the standard

Hofmann, Heath F.

356

Abstract--The induction motor is well known as the workhorse of industry. The development of variable speed  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of variable speed induction motor drives has a long history of more than four decades. Today's sophisticated--Induction motor control I. INTRODUCTION EFORE the invention of variable frequency voltage and current source inverters the induction motor was never thought as continuously variable speed drive. Only some adaptations

Paderborn, Universität

357

Coupled quintessence and curvature-assisted acceleration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Spatially homogeneous models with a scalar field non-minimally coupled to the space-time curvature or to the ordinary matter content are analysed with respect to late-time asymptotic behaviour, in particular to accelerated expansion and isotropization. It is found that a direct coupling to the curvature leads to asymptotic de Sitter expansion in arbitrary exponential potentials, thus yielding a positive cosmological constant although none is apparent in the potential. This holds true regardless of the steepness of the potential or the smallness of the coupling constant. For matter-coupled scalar fields, the asymptotics are obtained for a large class of positive potentials, generalizing the well-known cosmic no-hair theorems for minimal coupling. In this case it is observed that the direct coupling to matter does not impact the late-time dynamics essentially.

Bieli, R

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Energy localization in two chaotically coupled systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We set up and analyze a random matrix model to study energy localization and its time behavior in two chaotically coupled systems. This investigation is prompted by a recent experimental and theoretical study of Weaver and Lobkis on coupled elastomechanical systems. Our random matrix model properly describes the main features of the findings by Weaver and Lobkis. Due to its general character, our model is also applicable to similar systems in other areas of physics -- for example, to chaotically coupled quantum dots.

Johan Gronqvist; Thomas Guhr

2005-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

359

Coupling Renewable Energy Supply with Deferrable Demand  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1.2 Limitations to Large-Scale Renewable EnergyImpacts of Renewable Energy Supply . . . . . . . . . . . . .1.3 Coupling Renewable Energy with Deferrable

Papavasiliou, Anthony

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Vapor phase modifiers for oxidative coupling  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Volatilized metal compounds are described which are capable of retarding vapor phase alkane conversion reactions in oxidative coupling processes that convert lower alkanes to higher hydrocarbons.

Warren, B.K.

1991-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inductively coupled plasma-atomic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Double perovskite catalysts for oxidative coupling  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Alkali metal doped double perovskites containing manganese and at least one of cobalt, iron and nickel are useful in the oxidative coupling of alkane to higher hydrocarbons.

Campbell, K.D.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Hybrid extragradient proximal algorithm coupled with parametric ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we study the hybrid extragradient method coupled with approximation and penalty schemes for minimization problems. Under certain hypotheses ...

363

Environmental Dependence of Masses and Coupling Constants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We construct a class of scalar field models coupled to matter that lead to the dependence of masses and coupling constants on the ambient matter density. Such models predict a deviation of couplings measured on the Earth from values determined in low-density astrophysical environments, but do not necessarily require the evolution of coupling constants with the redshift in the recent cosmological past. Additional laboratory and astrophysical tests of \\Delta \\alpha and \\Delta(m_p/m_e) as functions of the ambient matter density are warranted.

Keith A. Olive; Maxim Pospelov

2007-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

364

Motivation and Alliance| Implications for Couple Therapy.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? Factors that affect alliance and outcome in couple therapy are crucial to the therapeutic process, yet currently research on this is scarce. The current… (more)

Lassiter, Candace S.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Phase inductance estimation for switched reluctance motor using adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A new method based on an adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system (ANFIS) for estimating the phase inductance of switched reluctance motors (SRMs) is presented. The ANFIS has the advantages of expert knowledge of the fuzzy inference system and the learning capability of neural networks. A hybrid learning algorithm, which combines the least square method and the back propagation algorithm, is used to identify the parameters of the ANFIS. The rotor position and the phase current of the 6/4 pole SRM are used to predict the phase inductance. The phase inductance results predicted by the ANFIS are in excellent agreement with the results of the finite element method.

Ferhat Daldaban; Nurettin Ustkoyuncu; Kerim Guney

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Neural and Fuzzy Adaptive Control of Induction Motor Drives  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper proposes an adaptive neural network speed control scheme for an induction motor (IM) drive. The proposed scheme consists of an adaptive neural network identifier (ANNI) and an adaptive neural network controller (ANNC). For learning the quoted neural networks, a back propagation algorithm was used to automatically adjust the weights of the ANNI and ANNC in order to minimize the performance functions. Here, the ANNI can quickly estimate the plant parameters and the ANNC is used to provide on-line identification of the command and to produce a control force, such that the motor speed can accurately track the reference command. By combining artificial neural network techniques with fuzzy logic concept, a neural and fuzzy adaptive control scheme is developed. Fuzzy logic was used for the adaptation of the neural controller to improve the robustness of the generated command. The developed method is robust to load torque disturbance and the speed target variations when it ensures precise trajectory tracking with the prescribed dynamics. The algorithm was verified by simulation and the results obtained demonstrate the effectiveness of the IM designed controller.

Bensalem, Y. [Research Unit of Modelisation, Analyse, Command of Systems MACS (Tunisia); Sbita, L.; Abdelkrim, M. N. [6029 Universite High School of Engineering-Gabes-Tunisia (Tunisia)

2008-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

367

Economics of induction linac drivers for radiation sources  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent developments in high reliability components for linear induction accelerators (LIA) make possible the use of LIAs as large-scale, economical sources of radio-frequency (rf) power for many applications. One particularly attractive example of interest to high energy physicists is a ''two-beam accelerator'' version of a linear e/sup +/-e/sup -/ collider at TeV energies in which the LIA is configured as a monolithic relativistic klystron operating at 10 to 12 GHz. Another example of keen interest to the fusion community is the use of the LIA to drive a free-electron laser operating at 200 to 500 GHz for use in heating fusion plasma via electron resonance cyclotron heating. This paper briefly describes several potential uses of LIA radiation sources. It discusses the physical basis for scaling our present experience with LIAs to the operating characteristics applicable to large-scale sources of rf power and synchrotron radiation. 14 refs., 6 figs., 1 tab.

Barletta, W.A.

1987-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

368

Sub-Synchronous Resonance damping via Doubly Fed Induction Generator  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Interests of low frequency oscillation damping with the Doubly Fed Induction Generator (DFIG) has been increased recently. In addition, it is widely accepted that, the Sub-Synchronous Resonance (SSR) is another unfavorable dynamical phenomenon in power systems. In this study, the implementation of the DFIG in SSR mitigation will be investigated. The IEEE second benchmark model aggregated with a DFIG based wind farm is employed as the case study. Two different control methodologies are proposed: a Fuzzy Logic Damping Controller (FLDC) and a conventional damping controller (CDC) that are added to the main control loop of the DFIG in order to damp the SSR. To validate the results of SSR suppression via DFIG, several case studies are introduced based on changing the operation point of the system and duration of the fault. It has been shown that the DFIG can damp the SSR through both proposed methodologies, but when the system operating point or fault duration is changed, the FLDC can present a cost-effective solution for SSR damping. The Fast Fourier Transform (FFT), simulation results, and a method based on performance index (PI) are conducted to compare two controllers through various cases in Matlab.

Maghsoud Mokhtari; Javad Khazaei; Daryoosh Nazarpour

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Multiple models decentralized coordinated control of doubly fed induction generator  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this paper, a multiple model optimal tracking control (MOTC) design method for the double fed induction generator (DFIG) using correlative measured technique is proposed. The DFIG is represented by a third-order model, where electro-magnetic transients of stator are neglected. By using the correlative measured technique, the correlative measured matrix (CMM) of wind power system is obtained firstly. Then, a nonstandard state space equation of DFIG is obtained with the correlative measured vectors (CMVs), which reflect interactions between the \\{DFIGs\\} and grid. In order to cope with nonlinearities and continuous variation in the operating points, a multiple model design method is proposed in the discrete domain. The obtained control law, synthesized by using Bayesian probability, only depends on the local measured parameters. Hence, the MOTC can be regarded as a decentralized coordinated control, which can simplify the control structure and improve the transient stability of DFIG. To illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed MOTC strategy, simulations on a hybrid wind thermal power (HWTP) system are performed. The results show that the proposed MOTC strategy can provide acceptable performance throughout the whole operating region. Comparing to the conventional PID control, transient stability, damping, and fault ride-through capability of DFIG with the proposed MOTC design method have been improved effectively.

Yu-guang Niu; Xiao-ming Li; Zhong-wei Lin; Ming-yang Li

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Design of a superconducting 20 MJ induction heating coil  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A pancake-wound, low-loss, superconducting, induction-heating coil has been designed to demonstrate the feasibility of superconducting polaidal system for the Tokamak reactors, to provide confidence in application of superconductivity to actual reactors, and to provide the opportunity to solve specific engineering problems to support the fusion pulsed coil program. the coil is designed to store 20 MJ at 50 kA. The superconductor material is NbTi for a 7.5 tesla maximum field. The coil is designed to survive at least 100,000 cycles of full bipolar half cycle sinusoidal operation from +7.5 tesla to -7.5 telsa fields in one second. The coil is natural convection immersion-cooled at 4.5/sup 0/K in liquid helium bath. The design demonstrates confidence in an advanced design, low-loss, cryostable conductor, along with safety, reliability and the operating life of the coil of more than 100,000 cycles.

Singh, S.K.; Ibrahim, E.A.; Gaberson, P.C.; Eckels, P.W.; Jarabak, A.J.; Rogers, J.D.; Thullen, P.; Walker, M.S.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

A diffusion-controlled regime of cylindrical inductive discharges  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A fluid-plasma model of diffusion-controlled cylindrical inductive discharges in an argon gas is presented. The plasma-field structure of the discharge obtained is completed by the interrelated behaviour of concentrations of charged particles, electron temperature, power absorbed on average by an electron, radial distribution of the components of the high-frequency field, of the Joule heating and of the high-frequency current density in the plasma. The self-consistency of the model and its validity over a wide pressure range (p = (0.05–5)?Torr) is reached by involving detailed treatment of the electron energy balance, of the nonlinear processes in the charged particle balance and of the momentum equations. By accounting for the velocity dependence of the elastic electron–neutral collision frequency, concepts from the kinetic plasma theory are introduced in a fluid-plasma description of the discharge. The analysis of the results is in terms of changing gas pressure, power and frequency of the maintenance field. The changes of the parameters of the external coil due to the plasma loading in the coil are also discussed.

St Kolev; H Schlüter; A Shivarova; Kh Tarnev

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Reactive-coupling-induced normal mode splittings in microdisk resonators coupled to waveguides  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study the optomechanical design introduced by M. Li et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 223901 (2009)], which is very effective for investigation of the effects of reactive coupling. We show the normal mode splitting that is due solely to reactive coupling rather than due to dispersive coupling. We suggest feeding the waveguide with a pump field along with a probe field and scanning the output probe for evidence of reactive-coupling-induced normal mode splitting.

Huang Sumei; Agarwal, G. S. [Department of Physics, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Oklahoma 74078 (United States)

2010-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

373

Standard guide for mutual inductance bridge applications for wall thickness determinations in boiler tubing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1.1 This guide describes a procedure for obtaining relative wall thickness indications in ferromagnetic and non-ferromagnetic steels using the mutual inductance bridge method. The procedure is intended for use with instruments capable of inducing two substantially identical magnetic fields and noting the change in inductance resulting from differing amounts of steel. It is used to distinguish acceptable wall thickness conditions from those which could place tubular vessels or piping at risk of bursting under high temperature and pressure conditions. 1.2 This guide is intended to satisfy two general needs for users of industrial Mutual Inductance Bridge (MIB) equipment: (1) the need for a tutorial guide addressing the general principles of Mutual Inductance Bridges as they apply to industrial piping; and (2) the need for a consistent set of MIB performance parameter definitions, including how these performance parameters relate to MIB system specifications. Potential users and buyers, as well as experienced M...

American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Analysis of electromechanical interactions in a flywheel system with a doubly fed induction machine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper analyzes the electromechanical inter-action in a flywheel system with a doubly fed induction machine, used for wind farm power smoothing or grid frequency response control. The grid-connected electrical machine ...

Ran, Li

375

Frost Resistance of Wheat and CHL a in vivo Fluorescence Induction Kinetics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In recent years more and more studies have shown that physiological status of a living plant under different environmental conditions can be revealed by signals of chlorophyll a in vivo fluorescence induction ...

Shiqing Lin; Dianan Yang; Jide Zhang; Tongzhu Li…

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Calculation of the Self-inductance of a Rectangular Magnetizer Coil  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The self-inductance of the operating coil of a magnetizing device is calculated using different methods. The winding of the coil under investigation basically consists of copper sheets with rectangular concent...

Meinolf Klocke

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Study on Rotor-Side Converter of Doubly Fed Induction Generator  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The doubly fed induction generator has been widely used in wind power ... power from the wind energer. But the generator speed changes, the output frequency will chang ... alter rotor excitation current, to maint...

Haihui Song; Tian De

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Capacitor Bank Resizing in Islanded Power Grid Fed by Induction Generator  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In a power grid with distributed different resources, a capacitor bank is used for overall compensation purpose. However, when a part of this grid is islanded, the capacitor bank will be used for induction generator

Saliha Boutora; Hamid Bentarzi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Photo-Chemical Researches. Part II. Phenomena of Photo-Chemical Induction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

1 January 1857 research-article Photo-Chemical Researches. Part II. Phenomena of Photo-Chemical Induction Professor Bunsen Henry Enfield Roscoe The Royal Society is collaborating with JSTOR to digitize, preserve, and extend access to Philosophical...

1857-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Photo-Chemical Researches. -- Part II. Phenomena of Photo-Chemical Induction.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

1856-1857 research-article Photo-Chemical Researches. -- Part II. Phenomena of Photo-Chemical Induction. Prof. Bunsen Henry Enfield Roscoe The Royal Society is collaborating with JSTOR to digitize, preserve, and extend access to Proceedings...

1856-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inductively coupled plasma-atomic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Identifying Markov Blankets with Decision Tree Induction PrePublication Version  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Identifying Markov Blankets with Decision Tree Induction PrePublication Version Lewis Frey Frey Blankets consist of strongly relevant features as defined in relation to optimal classifiers (Kohavi & John

Fisher, Douglas H.

382

Induction of Retrovirus Gene Expression in Mouse Cells by Some Chemical Mutagens  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Myer, and Ralph J. Rascati3 Biology Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 3 7830 ABSTRACT Cell cultures derived...physical stimuli (reviewed in Ref. 39). Previous workers have explored the mechanism(s) of induction...

Raymond W. Tennant; James A. Otten; Fred E. Myer; and Ralph J. Rascati

1982-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Methods of calculating currents of induction, self-excited generators with two distributed windings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A simplified way of calculating the current frequency of induction self-excited generator with two distributed windings on the stator is suggested. It ... do not influence the current frequency of the generator; ...

S. I. Kitsis; D. N. Pautov

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

A PIC-Controller Based Doubly Fed Induction Generator (DFIG) for Wind Energy Conversion Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The design details of a PIC-controller based Doubly Fed Induction Generator (DFIG) for wind power generation is described. The proposed PIC-DFIG not only provides a low cost Solution...

K. Sureshkumar; P. Vijaya kumar…

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Performance of Rotors in a Brushless Doubly-Fed Induction Machine (BDFM)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and the output frequency of the inverter. In common with the currently used double-fed induction generator (DFIG the construction of a machine with a rating similar to that of existing DFIGs, see Figure 1. The authors' BDFM uses

Cambridge, University of

386

Research on Low Voltage Ride through of Doubly-Fed Induction Generator Wind Power System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Due to the double fed induction generator’s(DFIG) advantage of controlling active and reactive power independently and partly power converter, DFIG is becoming a popular type of wind power generation system. However, the converter is quite sensitive ...

Yongfeng Ren; Hongyan Xu; Jianlin Li; Shuju Hu

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Development of laboratory doubly fed induction generator for wind energy research.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This thesis studies the basic concept of doubly-fed induction generators (DFIG) and develops a laboratory model to simulate DFIG wind turbine generators (WTG). “Doubly-fed” refers… (more)

Hu, Zhouxing

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Robust control based on the Lyapunov theory of a grid-connected doubly fed induction generator  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper discusses the robust control of a grid-connected doubly-fed induction generator (DFIG) controlled by vector control using a nonlinear ... , in which an optimal operation of the DFIG in subsynchronous o...

Ridha Cheikh; Arezki Menacer; Said Drid

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

An analytic electromagnetic calculation method for performance evolution of doubly fed induction generators for wind turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An analytic electromagnetic calculation method for doubly fed induction generator (DFIG) in wind turbine system was presented. ... steady state equivalent circuit and basic equations of DFIG, the modeling for ele...

Wen-juan Zhang ???; Shou-dao Huang ???; Jian Gao ??…

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Tumor Induction in Mice Locally Irradiated with Carbon Ions: A Retrospective Analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......dose fractionation nor linear energy transfer affected tumor induction...700 patients by Year 2004. Car- bon ions, high LET (linear energy transfer) radiation, are...penumbra near collimators. Alternative explanation for the linear......

Koichi Ando; Sachiko Koike; Chisa Oohira; Toshiaki Ogiu; Fumio Yatagai

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Design of a novel test bench for induction heating load characterization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Magnetic materials used in induction heating applications have nonlinear magnetic properties with respect to field strength and frequency, which can be effectively characterized using experimental techniques. To this end, ...

Fernandez del Castillo, Lisa

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Ion energy cost in a combined inductive-capacitive rf discharge  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Experimental measurements were made of the ion energy cost ? as a function of the parameters of a combined rf inductive-capacitive discharge at low pressures (p<10?2 Torr). It was established that ?...does not de...

S. V. Dudin; A. V. Zykov; K. I. Polozhii; V. I. Farenik

1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Electromagnetic Induction Heat Generation of Nano?ferrofluid and Other Stimulants for Heavy Oil Recovery  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nano?ferrofluid and graphite?fluid are proposed to be used as stimulants for heavy oil recovery processes using electromagnetic induction. The heat generation in the stimulants will be used for reducing the viscosity of heavy oil. The temperature increase of the stimulants are observed with the presence of electromagnetic induction. These increments are better compared to those of the varying concentration of salt water (brine) usually exist in the oil reservoir.

A. A. Pramana; D. Abdassah; S. Rachmat; A. Mikrajuddin

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Comparative analysis of electrical and mechanical fault signatures in induction motors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF ELECTRICAL AND MECHANICAL FAULT SIGNATURES IN INDUCTION MOTORS A Thesis by ARVIND M. VENUGOPAL Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 2003 Major Subject: Mechanical Engineering COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF ELECTRICAL AND MECHANICAL FAULT SIGNATURES IN INDUCTION MOTORS A Thesis by ARVIND M. VENUGOPAL Submitted to Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment...

Venugopal, Arvind Madabushi

2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

395

Gamma titanium aluminide production using the Induction Skull Melting (ISM) process  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Since 1985, more than 2,000 titanium aluminide heats have been produced using the Induction Skull Melting (ISM) process. The history of ISM/Gamma production will be discussed in this paper. Gamma titanium aluminide processing with Induction Skull Melting offers many advantages over other types of reactive alloy melting methods. These advantages will be discussed as well as drawbacks. Also, potential markets and applications for ISM/Gamma will be presented.

Reed, S. [Duriron Co., Inc., Dayton, OH (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

396

Robust Condition Monitoring and Fault Diagnosis of Variable Speed Induction Motor Drives  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

detection (FD) probability versus SNR. ........................ 33 2.6 Experimental setup: (a) faulty test motors, (b) DC generator, (c) 3-hp induction motor, (d) data acquisition board, (e) torque monitor, (f) oscilloscope, and (g) spectrum analyzer... detection (FD) probability versus SNR. ........................ 33 2.6 Experimental setup: (a) faulty test motors, (b) DC generator, (c) 3-hp induction motor, (d) data acquisition board, (e) torque monitor, (f) oscilloscope, and (g) spectrum analyzer...

Choi, Seungdeog

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

397

Forward Modeling of the Induction Log Response of a Fractured Geologic Formation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3.1 Layered Earth Model The environment used for the induction log simulations is a layered Earth model. The model consists of six layers that are assigned different thicknesses and conductivities based on the desired induction log... Tx-Rx pair has a fixed separation and is moved along a vertical profile through the subsurface taking measurements at predetermined logging points. 20 The second change to the original Seatem code involves the surrounding environment. The code...

Bray, Steven Hunter

2013-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

398

The induction of toxin neutralizing antibodies to Clostridium perfringens types C and D toxins in horses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE INDUCTION OF TOXIN NEUTRALIZING ANTIBODIES TO CLOSTRIDIUM PERFRINGENS TYPES C AND D TOXINS IN HORSES A Thes1s by FRANCES LYNN BROOKS Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1983 Major Subject: Veterinary Microbiology THE INDUCTION OF TOXIN NEUTRALIZING ANTIBODIES TO CLOSTRIDIUN PERFRINGENS TYPES C AND D TOXINS IN HORSES A Thesis by FRANCES LYNN BROOKS Approved as to style...

Brooks, Frances Lynn

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

399

New method for inductively forming an oblate field reversed configuration from a spheromak  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A new method for inductively forming a field reversed configuration is demonstrated, based on the inductively driven transformation of a spheromak. The driven transition can be achieved in argon and krypton plasmas, in which MHD modes are suppressed; simulations indicate that stability through the transition is explained by magnetic diffusion. Spheromaks with lighter working gas, such as neon and helium, either display a tilt mode or an n = 2 kink instability, both resulting in discharge termination.

S.P. Gerhardt; E.V. Belova; M. Yamada; H. Ji; M. Inomoto; Y. Ren; B. McGeehan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Improving the low voltage ride through of doubly fed induction generator during intermittent voltage source converter faults  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The impact of different voltage source converter (VSC) faults on the low voltage ride through (LVRT) capability of the doubly fed induction generator (DFIG) is also investigated. Faults such as fire-through of the VSC switches and short circuit across the DC-link capacitor are considered in this paper. The impact of internal VSC faults when they occur within the grid side converter (GSC) and rotor side converter is investigated. A proper static synchronous compensator (STATCOM) controller to mitigate the effects of these faults is proposed. The DFIG compliance with numerous and recently released LVRT grid codes under these faults with and without the STATCOM is examined and compared. Simulation results indicate that these types of faults have a severe impact on the DFIG voltage profile especially when these faults occur in the GSC. This is attributed to the fact that the GSC directly regulates the point of common coupling (PCC) voltage. Moreover the proposed controller is capable of bringing the voltage profile at the PCC to the nominal steady state level and hence maintaining the connection of the wind turbine during the various studied faults.

H. R. Pota

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inductively coupled plasma-atomic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Shear Viscosity from Effective Couplings of Gravitons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We calculate the shear viscosity of field theories with gravity duals using Kubo-formula by calculating the Green function of dual transverse gravitons and confirm that the value of the shear viscosity is fully determined by the effective coupling of transverse gravitons on the horizon. We calculate the effective coupling of transverse gravitons for Einstein and Gauss-Bonnet gravities coupled with matter fields, respectively. Then we apply the resulting formula to the case of AdS Gauss-Bonnet gravity with $F^4$ term corrections of Maxwell field and discuss the effect of $F^4$ terms on the ratio of the shear viscosity to entropy density.

Rong-Gen Cai; Zhang-Yu Nie; Ya-Wen Sun

2008-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

402

Thermal emission in the ultrastrong coupling regime  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study thermal emission of a cavity quantum electrodynamic system in the ultrastrong-coupling regime where the atom-cavity coupling rate becomes comparable the cavity resonance frequency. In this regime, the standard descriptions of photodetection and dissipation fail. Following an approach that was recently put forward by Ridolfo et al.[arXiv:1206.0944], we are able to calculate the emission of systems with arbitrary strength of light matter interaction, by expressing the electric field operator in the cavity-emitter dressed basis. Here we present thermal photoluminescence spectra, calculated for given temperatures and for different couplings in particular for available circuit QED parameters.

A. Ridolfo; M. Leib; S. Savasta; M. J. Hartmann

2012-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

403

A analysis of the cathode coupled amplifier  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AN ANALySIS 0 TH CATHODE COOFL D ~iPLIPIER A Thesis by FORREST JACKS RETLING-. . R Approved as to style and content by: Chairman of Committee 'Head of Department August, 1951 AN ANALYSIS OF THE CATHODE COUPLED. AMPLIFIER by FORHEST JAMES.... The Cathode-Coupled Amplif 1er Circuit 2. The Cathode-Coupled Amplif ier Circuit shnwing a. c. components only 3. The Approximate A. C. Fquivalent, Circuit Page 17 4 ~ Aoproximate Equivalent C1rcu its f' or Calculating Output Impedances 22 5...

Hetlinger, Forrest James

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

404

BEAM COUPLING PHENOMENA IN FAST KICKER SYSTEMS.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Beam coupling phenomena have been observed in most fast kicker systems through out Brookhaven Collider-Accelerator complex. With ever-higher beam intensity, the signature of the beam becomes increasingly recognizable. The beam coupling at high intensity produced additional heat dissipation in high voltage modulator, thyratron grids, thyratron driver circuit sufficient to damage some components, and causes trigger instability. In this paper, we will present our observations, basic coupling mode analysis, relevance to the magnet structures, issues related to the existing high voltage modulators, and considerations of the future design of the fast kicker systems.

ZHANG,W.; AHRENS,L.A.; GLENN,J.; SANDBERG,J.; TSOUPAS,N.

2001-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

405

Coupled Mesh Lagrangian/ALE Modeling:  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Coupled Mesh Lagrangian/ALE Modeling: Coupled Mesh Lagrangian/ALE Modeling: Opportunities and Challenges A. C. Robinson, * J. E. Bishop*, D. M. Hensinger, * T. E. Voth * M. K. Wong * * Sandia National Laboratories, New Mexico, 87185 We describe two methods for coupled mesh Lagrangian/ALE modeling where one mesh is treated as a Lagrangian mesh while the other is ALE. Lagrangian contact modeling is implemented in the first method to couple the two meshes. In the second method an overlapping grid algorithm that requires mapping of the information from one grid to another has been implemented. We review current experience with these two technologies. Introduction Lagrangian modeling is often preferred whenever the kinematics of the continuum flow permit because of its ability to precisely model discrete features which may be

406

Surface Plasmon Coupled Light-emitting Diode  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The fundamental phenomena, basic principles, and device fabrication and characterization of surface plasmon coupled InGaN/GaN quantum-well light-emitting diode are reviewed, including...

Chen, Horng-Shyang; Kuo, Yang; Lin, Chun-Han; Chen, Chia-Feng; Chou, Wang-Hsien; Chiu, Min-Hsuan; Shih, Pei-Ying; Su, Chia-Ying; Liao, Che-Hao; Hsieh, Chieh; Chen, Chih-Yen; Kiang, Yean-Woei; Yang, Chih-Chung

407

Nuclear physics from strong coupling QCD  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The strong coupling limit (beta_gauge = 0) of QCD offers a number of remarkable research possibilities, of course at the price of large lattice artifacts. Here, we determine the complete phase diagram as a function of temperature T and baryon chemical potential mu_B, for one flavor of staggered fermions in the chiral limit, with emphasis on the determination of a tricritical point and on the T ~ 0 transition to nuclear matter. The latter is known to happen for mu_B substantially below the baryon mass, indicating strong nuclear interactions in QCD at infinite gauge coupling. This leads us to studying the properties of nuclear matter from first principles. We determine the nucleon-nucleon potential in the strong coupling limit, as well as masses m_A of nuclei as a function of their atomic number A. Finally, we clarify the origin of nuclear interactions at strong coupling, which turns out to be a steric effect.

Michael Fromm; Philippe de Forcrand

2009-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

408

Coupling of twin rectangular supersonic jets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Twin jet plumes on aircraft can couple, producing dynamic pressures significant enough to cause structural fatigue. For closely spaced jets with a moderate aspect ratio (e.g. 5), previous work has established that two ...

Raman, G.; Taghavi, Ray

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

PROJECT REPORT COUPLING OF LIGHT THROUGH FIBER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 PROJECT REPORT COUPLING OF LIGHT THROUGH FIBER PHY 564 SUBMITTED BY: GAGANDEEP KAUR (952549116 size simplifies connections and also allows the use of lower-cost electronics such as light

La Rosa, Andres H.

410

Unconventional plasmon-phonon coupling in graphene  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We predict the existence of coupled plasmon-phonon excitations in graphene by using the self-consistent linear response formalism. The unique electron-phonon interaction in graphene leads to unconventional mixing of plasmon ...

Jablan, Marinko

411

A reductive coupling strategy towards ripostatin A  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Synthetic studies on the antibiotic natural product ripostatin A have been carried out with the aim to construct the C9?C10 bond by a nickel(0)-catalyzed coupling reaction of an enyne and an epoxide, followed by rearrangement ...

Schleicher, Kristin D.

412

Vibration Transmission through Symmetric Resonant Couplings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

15 March 1994 research-article Vibration Transmission through Symmetric Resonant Couplings D. J. Allwright...Blakemore P. R. Brazier-Smith J. Woodhouse The transmission of vibration through a symmetric junction is considered. The problem is...

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

OVERVIEW OF THE COUPLED MODEL INTERCOMPARISON PROJECT  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP) involves study and intercomparison of multi-model simulations of present and future climate. The simulations of the future use idealized forcing in increase is compounded which CO2 1% yr?1 until it ...

Gerald A. Meehl; Curt Covey; Bryant McAvaney; Mojib Latif; Ronald J. Stouffer

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Ising cubes with enhanced surface couplings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Using Monte Carlo techniques, Ising cubes with ferromagnetic nearest-neighbor interactions and enhanced couplings between surface spins are studied. In particular, at the surface transition, the corner magnetization shows nonuniversal, coupling-dependent critical behavior in the thermodynamic limit. Results on the critical exponent of the corner magnetization are compared to previous findings on two-dimensional Ising models with three intersecting defect lines.

M. Pleimling and W. Selke

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Strong Coupling in a Microcavity LED  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Thin films of polyelectrolyte/J aggregate dye bilayers with high absorption coefficient (6 nm thick with ??1.0×106??cm-1) inserted in an optical microcavity enable the cavity quantum electrodynamic strong coupling limit to be reached at room temperature with a coupling strength (Rabi splitting) of 265±15??meV. By embedding these films in a resonant cavity organic LED structure, we demonstrate the first emissive electrically pumped exciton-polariton device.

Jonathan R. Tischler; M. Scott Bradley; Vladimir Bulovi?; Jung Hoon Song; Arto Nurmikko

2005-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

416

Probing anomalous gauge boson couplings at LEP  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We bound anomalous gauge boson couplings using LEP data for the Z {yields} {bar {integral}}{integral} partial widths. We use an effective field theory formalism to compute the one-loop corrections resulting from non-standard model three and four gauge boson vertices. We find that measurements at LEP constrain the three gauge boson couplings at a level comparable to that obtainable at LEPII.

Dawson, S. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States); Valencia, G. [Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States). Dept. of Physics

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

417

Speed selection for coupled wave equations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss models for coupled wave equations describing interacting fields, focusing on the speed of travelling wave solutions. In particular, we propose a general mechanism for selecting and tuning the speed of the corresponding (multi-component) travelling wave solutions under certain physical conditions. A number of physical models (molecular chains, coupled Josephson junctions, propagation of kinks in chains of adsorbed atoms and domain walls) are considered as examples.

Mariano Cadoni; Giuseppe Gaeta

2015-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

418

The generation of oscillations in networks of electrically coupled cells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The generation of oscillations in networks of electrically coupled cells Y. Loewenstein* , Y. Yarom systems, the electrical coupling of nonoscil- lating cells generates synchronized membrane potential dynam- ics. We show that strong electrical coupling in this network generates multiple oscillatory

Loewenstein, Yonatan

419

Characteristic Requirements of a Small Scale Squirrel Cage Induction Generator for Effective Electricity Generation from Wind Energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper proposes characteristic requirements of a small scale squirrel cage induction generator for effective electricity generation from wind energy. These characteristics are obtained from modeling and testing results. Investigation into comparative performances between Standard and high efficiency induction generators is given in order to find out the characteristic requirements of a suitable induction generator. Performances of various features of the machine structure are given. The suitable design of the induction generator based on empirical rules is also included. The investigation of power loss of the induction machine both in theory using FEM (Finite Element Method) and tests has been made. In addition, static var (Volt-Ampere reactive power) compensator using power electronic control to keep terminal voltage of a self-excited induction generator constant is explained. These results can be guidelines for machine development and control method for effective electricity generation.

V. Kinnares; B. Sawetsakulanond

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Amplitude-phase coupling drives chimera states in globally coupled laser networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

For a globally coupled network of semiconductor lasers with delayed optical feedback, we demonstrate the existence of chimera states. The domains of coherence and incoherence that are typical for chimera states are found to exist for the amplitude, phase, and inversion of the coupled lasers. These chimera states defy several of the previously established existence criteria. While chimera states in phase oscillators generally demand nonlocal coupling, large system sizes, and specially prepared initial conditions, we find chimera states that are stable for global coupling in a network of only four coupled lasers for random initial conditions. The existence is linked to a regime of multistability between the synchronous steady state and asynchronous periodic solutions. We show that amplitude-phase coupling, a concept common in different fields, is necessary for the formation of the chimera states.

Fabian Böhm; Anna Zakharova; Eckehard Schöll; Kathy Lüdge

2014-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inductively coupled plasma-atomic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

John Hsu, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Flux Coupling Machines...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

& Publications Integration of Novel Flux Coupling Motor and Current Source Inverter Integration of Novel Flux Coupling Motor and Current Source Inverter Electric Machine R&D...

422

Novel Flux Coupling Machine without Permanent Magnets - U Machine...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Novel Flux Coupling Machine without Permanent Magnets - U Machine Novel Flux Coupling Machine without Permanent Magnets - U Machine 2009 DOE Hydrogen Program and Vehicle...

423

Diffractively coupled Fabry-Perot resonator with power-recycling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We demonstrate the optical coupling of two cavities without light transmission through a substrate. As the all-reflective coupling component, we use a dielectric low-efficiency...

Britzger, Michael; Friedrich, Daniel; Kroker, Stefanie; Brückner, Frank; Burmeister, Oliver; Kley, Ernst-Bernhard; Tünnermann, Andreas; Danzmann, Karsten; Schnabel, Roman

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Effective reuse of coupling technologies for Earth System Models.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Designing and implementing coupled Earth System Models (ESMs) is a challenge for climate scientists and software engineers alike. Coupled models incorporate two or more independent… (more)

Dunlap, Ralph S.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Journal Article: Gate-tunable exchange coupling between cobalt...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Gate-tunable exchange coupling between cobalt clusters on graphene Citation Details Title: Gate-tunable exchange coupling between cobalt clusters on graphene Authors: Chen, Hua;...

426

Optimization of the Coupled Cluster Implementation in NWChem...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Optimization of the Coupled Cluster Implementation in NWChem on Petascale Parallel Architectures. Optimization of the Coupled Cluster Implementation in NWChem on Petascale Parallel...

427

SciTech Connect: optimal initial conditions for coupling ice...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Conference: optimal initial conditions for coupling ice sheet models to earth system models Citation Details In-Document Search Title: optimal initial conditions for coupling ice...

428

Microscale Electrode Design Using Coupled Kinetic, Thermal and...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Microscale Electrode Design Using Coupled Kinetic, Thermal and Mechanical Modeling Microscale Electrode Design Using Coupled Kinetic, Thermal and Mechanical Modeling 2010 DOE...

429

Microscale Electrode Design Using Coupled Kinetic, Thermal and...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Microscale Electrode Design Using Coupled Kinetic, Thermal and Mechanical Modeling Microscale Electrode Design Using Coupled Kinetic, Thermal and Mechanical Modeling 2009 DOE...

430

Coupled Thermal-Hydrological-Mechanical Processes in Salt, Hot...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Coupled Thermal-Hydrological-Mechanical Processes in Salt, Hot Granular Salt Consolidation, Constitutive Model and Micromechanics Coupled Thermal-Hydrological-Mechanical Processes...

431

Coupled Kinetic, Thermal, and Mechanical Modeling of FIB Micro...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Coupled Kinetic, Thermal, and Mechanical Modeling of FIB Micro-machined Electrodes Coupled Kinetic, Thermal, and Mechanical Modeling of FIB Micro-machined Electrodes 2010 DOE...

432

Evolutionary Test Program Induction for Microprocessor Design Verification Fulvio Corno, Gianluca Cumani, Matteo Sonza Reorda, Giovanni Squillero  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Evolutionary Test Program Induction for Microprocessor Design Verification Fulvio Corno, Gianluca is an assembly program able to maximize a predefined verification metric. Design verification of on-chip

Fernandez, Thomas

433

Perturbative Critical Behavior from Spacetime Dependent Couplings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We find novel perturbative fixed points by introducing mildly spacetime-dependent couplings into otherwise marginal terms. In four-dimensional QFT, these are physical analogues of the small-{epsilon} Wilson-Fisher fixed point. Rather than considering 4-{epsilon} dimensions, we stay in four dimensions but introduce couplings whose leading spacetime dependence is of the form {lambda}x{sup {kappa}}{mu}{sup {kappa}}, with a small parameter {kappa} playing a role analogous to {epsilon}. We show, in {phi}{sup 4} theory and in QED and QCD with massless flavors, that this leads to a critical theory under perturbative control over an exponentially wide window of spacetime positions x. The exact fixed point coupling {lambda}{sub *}(x) in our theory is identical to the running coupling of the translationally invariant theory, with the scale replaced by 1/x. Similar statements hold for three-dimensional {phi}{sup 6} theories and two-dimensional sigma models with curved target spaces. We also describe strongly coupled examples using conformal perturbation theory.

Dong, Xi; Horn, Bart; Silverstein, Eva; Torroba, Gonzalo

2012-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

434

ILSE: The next step toward a heavy ion induction accelerator for inertial fusion energy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

LBL and LLNL propose to build, at LBL, the Induction Linac Systems Experiments (ILSE), the next logical step towards the eventual goal of a heavy-ion induction accelerator powerful enough to implode or drive'' inertial-confinement fusion targets. ILSE, although much smaller than a driver, will be the first experiment at full driver scale in several important parameters. Most notable among these are line charge density and beam cross section. Many other accelerator components and beam manipulations needed for an inertial fusion energy (IFE) driver will be tested. The ILSE accelerator and research program will permit experimental study of those beam manipulations required of an induction linac inertial fusion driver which have not been tested sufficiently in previous experiments, and will provide a step toward driver technology.

Fessenden, T.; Bangerter, R.; Berners, D.; Chew, J.; Eylon, S.; Faltens, A.; Fawley, W.; Fong, C.; Fong, M.; Hahn, K.; Henestroza, E.; Judd, D.; Lee, E.; Lionberger, C.; Mukherjee, S.; Peters, C.; Pike, C.; Raymond, G.; Reginato, L.; Rutkowski, H.; Seidl, P.; Smith, L.; Vanecek, D.; Yu, S. (Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States)); Deadrick, F.; Friedman, A.; Griffith, L.; Hewett, D.; Newton, M.; Shay, H. (Lawrence Liver

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

ILSE: The next step toward a heavy ion induction accelerator for inertial fusion energy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

LBL and LLNL propose to build, at LBL, the Induction Linac Systems Experiments (ILSE), the next logical step towards the eventual goal of a heavy-ion induction accelerator powerful enough to implode or ``drive`` inertial-confinement fusion targets. ILSE, although much smaller than a driver, will be the first experiment at full driver scale in several important parameters. Most notable among these are line charge density and beam cross section. Many other accelerator components and beam manipulations needed for an inertial fusion energy (IFE) driver will be tested. The ILSE accelerator and research program will permit experimental study of those beam manipulations required of an induction linac inertial fusion driver which have not been tested sufficiently in previous experiments, and will provide a step toward driver technology.

Fessenden, T.; Bangerter, R.; Berners, D.; Chew, J.; Eylon, S.; Faltens, A.; Fawley, W.; Fong, C.; Fong, M.; Hahn, K.; Henestroza, E.; Judd, D.; Lee, E.; Lionberger, C.; Mukherjee, S.; Peters, C.; Pike, C.; Raymond, G.; Reginato, L.; Rutkowski, H.; Seidl, P.; Smith, L.; Vanecek, D.; Yu, S. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States); Deadrick, F.; Friedman, A.; Griffith, L.; Hewett, D.; Newton, M.; Shay, H. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Modeling and Simulation of an Electric Scooter Driven by a Single-Phase Induction Motor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract:- An electric vehicle driven by DC motors has been widely used for several applications. In this paper, replacement of the DC motor by a single-phase induction motor on the electric vehicle is proposed. Low cost and less maintenance make the single-phase induction motor more impressive although a complicated inverter onboard the vehicle is required. This paper investigates this possibility through a whole system of electric vehicle movement simulation. The whole system simulation consists of three main parts: 1) power supply interface 2) motor performance calculation and 3) vehicle movement simulation. The electric scooter of 0.26 kW rating was employed for test. As a result, a single-phase induction motor showed ability to drive an electric scooter carrying with 80-kg load at almost constant speed of 20 kph.

C. Sukcharoen; T. Kulworawanichapong

437

A distributed model for capacitance requirements for self-excited induction generators  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The main objective of this paper is to construct a distributed environment through which the capacitance requirements of self-excited induction generators can be monitored and controlled. A single-server/multiclient architecture has been proposed which enables that the self-excited induction generators can access the remote server at any time, with their respective data and can able to get the minimum capacitance requirements. An Remote Method Invocation (RMI)-based distributed model has been developed in such a way that for every specific period of time, the remote server obtains the system data simultaneously from the neighbouring self-excited induction generators which are the clients registered with it and the server send back the capacitance requirements as response to the respective clients. The server creates a new thread of control for every client request and hence complete distributed environment has been exploited.

K. Nithiyananthan; V. Ramachandran

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Hybrid phase shifted carrier modulation fed five-phase multilevel inverter for multiphase induction motor drive  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper proposes an energy efficient modulation scheme suitable for multilevel inverter fed five-phase induction motor. Five-phase multilevel inverter provides good quality five-phase variable voltage and variable frequency supply to five-phase induction motor, which ensure reduced torque ripple and improved drive efficiency. This modulation inherits the features of fundamental frequency modulation and phase shifted carrier modulation in power conversion and resolves the contradiction between high frequency and accuracy in a digital control scheme. Base modulator and hybrid formulation control algorithms are realised with TMS320F2407 DSP processor and Xilinx XC95108 CPLD controllers. The performance studies with induction motor are evaluated in terms of power loss, weighted total harmonic distortion and torque ripple. Selected simulation and experiment results are reported to verify and validate the effectiveness of the proposed technique.

C. Govindaraju

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Tocco Induction Heating Div of Ohio  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Tocco Induction Heating Div of Ohio Tocco Induction Heating Div of Ohio Crankshaft Co - OH 42 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: TOCCO INDUCTION HEATING, DIV. OF OHIO CRANKSHAFT CO. (OH.42 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: Cleveland , Ohio OH.42-1 Evaluation Year: 1994 OH.42-2 OH.42-3 Site Operations: Tested uranium heating methods during the late 1960s; only small amounts of material indicated. OH.42-1 OH.42-3 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Potential for contamination considered remote based on limited quantities of material handled OH.42-2 Radioactive Materials Handled: Yes Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Uranium OH.42-1 Radiological Survey(s): Yes - health and safety monitoring during operations only OH.42-1

440

Verification Of The Defense Waste Processing Facility's (DWPF) Process Digestion Methods For The Sludge Batch 8 Qualification Sample  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report contains the results and comparison of data generated from inductively coupled plasmaatomic emission spectroscopy (ICP-AES) analysis of Aqua Regia (AR), Sodium Peroxide/Sodium Hydroxide Fusion Dissolution (PF) and Cold Chem (CC) method digestions and Cold Vapor Atomic Absorption analysis of Hg digestions from the DWPF Hg digestion method of Sludge Batch 8 (SB8) Sludge Receipt and Adjustment Tank (SRAT) Receipt and SB8 SRAT Product samples. The SB8 SRAT Receipt and SB8 SRAT Product samples were prepared in the SRNL Shielded Cells, and the SRAT Receipt material is representative of the sludge that constitutes the SB8 Batch or qualification composition. This is the sludge in Tank 51 that is to be transferred into Tank 40, which will contain the heel of Sludge Batch 7b (SB7b), to form the SB8 Blend composition.

Click, D. R.; Edwards, T. B.; Wiedenman, B. J.; Brown, L. W.

2013-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inductively coupled plasma-atomic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Quantitative analysis of phosphosilicate glass films on silicon wafers for calibration of x-ray fluorescence spectrometry standards  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The phosphorus and silicon contents of phosphosilicate glass films deposited by chemical vapor deposition (CVD) on silicon wafers were determined. These films were prepared for use as x-ray fluorescence (XRF) spectrometry standards. The thin films were removed from the wafer by etching with dilute hydrofluoric acid, and the P and Si concentrations in solution were determined by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP). The calculated phosphorus concentration ranged from 2.2 to 12 wt %, with an uncertainty of 2.73 to 10.1 relative percent. Variation between the calculated weight loss (summation of P/sub 2/O/sub 5/ and SiO/sub 2/ amounts as determined by ICP) and the measured weight loss (determined gravimetrically) averaged 4.9%. Results from the ICP method, Fourier transform-infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), dispersive infrared spectroscopy, electron microprobe, and x-ray fluorescence spectroscopy for the same samples are compared.

Weissman, S.H.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Coupled nonequilibrium growth equations: Self-consistent mode coupling using vertex renormalization  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We find that studying the simplest of the coupled nonequilibrium growth equations of Barabasi by self-consistent mode coupling requires the use of dressed vertices. Using the vertex renormalization, we find a roughening exponent which already in the leading order is quite close to the numerical value.

Amit Kr. Chattopadhyay; Abhik Basu; Jayanta K. Bhattacharjee

2000-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Coupled-cavity drift-tube linac  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A coupled-cavity drift-tube linac (CCDTL) combines features of the Alvarez drift-tube linac (DTL) and the {pi}-mode coupled-cavity linac (CCL). In one embodiment, each accelerating cavity is a two-cell, 0-mode DTL. The center-to-center distance between accelerating gaps is {beta}{lambda}, where {lambda} is the free-space wavelength of the resonant mode. Adjacent accelerating cavities have oppositely directed electric fields, alternating in phase by 180 degrees. The chain of cavities operates in a {pi}/2 structure mode so the coupling cavities are nominally unexcited. The CCDTL configuration provides an rf structure with high shunt impedance for intermediate velocity charged particles, i.e., particles with energies in the 20-200 MeV range. 5 figs.

Billen, J.H.

1996-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

444

The development of a model system to monitor induction of an enzyme in Saccharomyces cerevisiae  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Whole cells exhibited a ten-fold induction in strain X2180-18 and a six-fold induction in spheroplasts of o-131-20. Enzyme kinetics were determined with purified alkaline phospha- tase. When p-nitrophenyl phosphate was used as substrate, the Km... of ? 1 -1 the purified enzyme was 13 n mole min mg and the pH optimum was -1 -1 8. 5. The Km was 2 n mole min mg and the pH optimum was 8. 1 when sodium o-napthyl acid phosphate was utilized as substrate. Electrophoresis, followed by incubation...

Wilkerson, James Edward

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Method and apparatus for monitoring the rotating frequency of de-energized induction motors  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The rotational speed of a coasting induction motor is measured by sensing e residual electrical voltages at the power terminals of the motor, thus eliminating the need for conventional tachometer equipment, additional mechanical components or modifications to the induction motor itself. The power terminal voltage signal is detected and transformed into a DC voltage proportional to the frequency of the signal. This DC voltage can be input to the control system of a variable frequency motor controller to regulate the output characteristics thereof relative to the speed of the coasting motor. 6 figs.

Mikesell, H.E.; Lucy, E.

1998-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

446

Closed Loop Speed Control of Induction Generator with Scalar-control Inverters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A closed loop speed control for an induction generator is presented. The system was developed for a space vector modulation-voltage source inverter and the three-phase squirrel-cage induction generator to regulate speed and generator voltages with scalar control technique. The aim of this research was to a generated voltage with a constant speed at variable mechanical torque of prime mover. The simulation results show a good performance of the system can be achieved by the proposed speed controller.

Anaphat Upasan; Yuttana Kumsuwan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Coupled-bunch instabilities in RHIC  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We used the program ZAP to evaluate the coupled-bunch modes for the case of 57 equally spaced bunches with the Sacherer-Zotter formalism assuming parabolic bunches. The sources of coupling impedances assumed were space charge, resistive wall, broadband, and rf cavity fundamental and parasitic modes. Generally the studies assumed a stainless steel vacuum chamber, but we did perform a comparison run using a stainless steel chamber internally coated with a thin cold copper layer. These latter investigations were motivated by the proposal for coating which would reduce parasitic wall heating in the vacuum chambers in the superconducting dipoles. 10 tabs.

Colton, E.; Gianfelice, E.; Bisognano, J.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Parametric amplification by coupled flux qubits  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report parametric amplification of a microwave signal in a Kerr medium formed from superconducting qubits. Two mutually coupled flux qubits, embedded in the current antinode of a superconducting coplanar waveguide resonator, are used as a nonlinear element. Shared Josephson junctions provide the qubit-resonator coupling, resulting in a device with a tunable Kerr constant (up to 3?×?10{sup ?3}) and a measured gain of about 20?dB. This arrangement represents a unit cell which can be straightforwardly extended to a quasi one-dimensional quantum metamaterial with large tunable Kerr nonlinearity, providing a basis for implementation of wide-band travelling wave parametric amplifiers.

Rehák, M.; Neilinger, P.; Grajcar, M. [Department of Experimental Physics, Comenius University, SK-84248 Bratislava (Slovakia); Institute of Physics, Slovak Academy of Science, 845 11 Bratislava (Slovakia); Oelsner, G.; Hübner, U.; Meyer, H.-G. [Leibniz Institute of Photonic Technology, P.O. Box 100239, D-07702 Jena (Germany); Il'ichev, E. [Leibniz Institute of Photonic Technology, P.O. Box 100239, D-07702 Jena (Germany); Novosibirsk State Technical University, 20 K. Marx Ave., 630092 Novosibirsk (Russian Federation)

2014-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

449

Coupling the inflaton to an expanding aether  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We consider a Lorentz-violating theory of inflation consisting of Einstein-aether theory with a scalar inflaton coupled bilinearly to the expansion of the aether. We determine the conditions for linearized stability, positive energy, and vanishing of preferred-frame post-Newtonian parameters, and find that all these conditions can be met. In homogeneous and isotropic cosmology, the inflaton-aether expansion coupling leads to a driving force on the inflaton that is proportional to the Hubble parameter. This force affects the slow-roll dynamics, but still allows for a natural end to inflation.

William Donnelly and Ted Jacobson

2010-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

450

Hybrid coupled modeling of the tropical Pacific using neural networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hybrid coupled modeling of the tropical Pacific using neural networks Shuyong Li, William W. Hsieh To investigate the potential for improving hybrid coupled models (HCM) of the tropical Pacific by the use: dynamical coupled models, statistical models and hybrid coupled models [Barnston et al., 1994]. A hybrid

Hsieh, William

451

34 Chemical Shifts and Coupling Constants for CHP  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It contains 31P NMR data (chemical shift, coupling constant), structural diagram, and solvent of CHP

M. Kumar

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Nonlinear interaction of meta-atoms through optical coupling  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We propose and experimentally demonstrate a multi-frequency nonlinear coupling mechanism between split-ring resonators. We engineer the coupling between two microwave resonators through optical interaction, whilst suppressing the direct electromagnetic coupling. This allows for a power-dependent interaction between the otherwise independent resonators, opening interesting opportunities to address applications in signal processing, filtering, directional coupling, and electromagnetic compatibility.

Slobozhanyuk, A. P.; Kapitanova, P. V.; Filonov, D. S.; Belov, P. A. [National Research University of Information Technologies, Mechanics and Optics (ITMO), St. Petersburg 197101 (Russian Federation)] [National Research University of Information Technologies, Mechanics and Optics (ITMO), St. Petersburg 197101 (Russian Federation); Powell, D. A. [Nonlinear Physics Centre and Centre for Ultrahigh-bandwidth Devices for Optical Systems (CUDOS), Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200 (Australia)] [Nonlinear Physics Centre and Centre for Ultrahigh-bandwidth Devices for Optical Systems (CUDOS), Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200 (Australia); Shadrivov, I. V.; Kivshar, Yu. S. [National Research University of Information Technologies, Mechanics and Optics (ITMO), St. Petersburg 197101 (Russian Federation) [National Research University of Information Technologies, Mechanics and Optics (ITMO), St. Petersburg 197101 (Russian Federation); Nonlinear Physics Centre and Centre for Ultrahigh-bandwidth Devices for Optical Systems (CUDOS), Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200 (Australia); Lapine, M., E-mail: mlapine@physics.usyd.edu.au [National Research University of Information Technologies, Mechanics and Optics (ITMO), St. Petersburg 197101 (Russian Federation); Centre for Ultrahigh-bandwidth Devices for Optical Systems (CUDOS), School of Physics, University of Sydney, New South Wales 2006 (Australia); McPhedran, R. C. [Centre for Ultrahigh-bandwidth Devices for Optical Systems (CUDOS), School of Physics, University of Sydney, New South Wales 2006 (Australia)] [Centre for Ultrahigh-bandwidth Devices for Optical Systems (CUDOS), School of Physics, University of Sydney, New South Wales 2006 (Australia)

2014-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

453

Geothermal: Sponsored by OSTI -- An explicitly coupled hydro...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

An explicitly coupled hydro-geomechanical model for simulating hydraulic fracturing in complex discrete fracture networks...

454

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 53, NO. 6, NOVEMBER 2004 1847 A Fault-Tolerant Control Architecture for Induction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to no operation. For specialized applications, switch reluctance (SR) and vari- able reluctance (VR) permanent-Tolerant Control Architecture for Induction Motor Drives in Automotive Applications Demba Diallo, Member, IEEE a fault-tolerant control system for a high-performance induction motor drive that propels an electrical

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

455

Abstract--In doubly fed induction generator (DFIG) based wind energy conversion systems (WECS), the DFIG is interfaced to the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a popular candidate in the wind energy conversion systems (WECS) due to its advantages [2-5]. When compared with fixed-speed induction generators, the DFIG has the advantages of maximum power capture, less mechanicalAbstract--In doubly fed induction generator (DFIG) based wind energy conversion systems (WECS

Pota, Himanshu Roy

456

Note on the Induction of Electric Currents in a Cylinder placed across the Lines of Magnetic Force  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......the Induction of Electric Currents. 271 where p is the specific resistance of the substance. From...place the components of electric momentum must be continuous...On the Induction of Electric Currents. [June 12...Routh, F.R.S. "An Elementary Treatise on Solid Geometry......

Horace Lamb

1883-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Steady-state one-dimensional longitudinally coupled lasers analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The theory of mutually injected coupled lasers is developed for distributed saturated homogeneous gain so that a set of simultaneous conditions is established for steady-state operation of the coupled-laser system with arbitrary coupling strength. The effects of the various coupled-laser parameters are determined for a model of two Fabry--Perot resonators with distributed saturated homogeneous gain and a longitudinal coupling path.

Needham, G. A.

1989-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Mass and $K?$ coupling of $N^*(1535)$  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using resonance isobar model and effective Lagrangian approach, from recent BES results on $J/\\psi\\to\\bar pp\\eta$ and $\\psi\\to\\bar pK^+\\Lambda$, we deduce the ratio between effective coupling constants of $N^*(1535)$ to $K\\Lambda$ and $p\\eta$ to be $R\\equiv g_{N^*(1535)K\\Lambda}/g_{N^*(1535)p\\eta} =1.3\\pm 0.3$. With previous known value of $g_{N^*(1535)p\\eta}$, the obtained new value of $g_{N^*(1535)K\\Lambda}$ is shown to reproduce recent $pp\\to pK^+\\Lambda$ near-threshold cross section data as well. Taking into account this large $N^*K\\Lambda$ coupling in the coupled channel Breit-Wigner formula for the $N^*(1535)$, its Berit-Wigner mass is found to be around 1400 MeV, much smaller than previous value of about 1535 MeV obtained without including its coupling to $K\\Lambda$. The implication on the nature of $N^*(1535)$ is discussed.

B. C. Liu; B. S. Zou

2005-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

459

Coupling between a deuteron and a lattice  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We recently put forth a new fundamental lattice Hamiltonian based on an underlying picture of electrons and deuterons as elementary Dirac particles. Within this model there appears a term in which lattice vibrations are coupled to internal nuclear transitions. This is interesting as it has the potential to provide a connection between experiment and models that describe coherent energy transfer between two-level systems and an oscillator. In this work we describe a calculation of the coupling matrix element in the case of the deuteron based on the old empirical Hamada-Johnston model for the nucleon-nucleon interaction. The triplet S and D states of the the deuteron in the rest frame couples to a singlet P state through this new interaction. The singlet P state in this calculation is a virtual state with an energy of 125 MeV, and a coupling matrix element for $z$-directed motion given by $2.98 \\times 10^{-3} ~M_J c \\hat{P}_z$.

P. L. Hagelstein; I. U. Chaudhary

2012-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

460

Magnetically Coupled Adjustable Speed Motor Drives  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Alternating current electric motors rotate at a nearly constant speed that is determined by motor design and line frequency. Energy savings of 50% or more may be available when fixed speed systems are modified to allow the motor speed to match variable load requirements of a centrifugal fan or pump. This tip sheet describes the advantages of magnetically coupled ASDs and provides suggested actions.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inductively coupled plasma-atomic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Study Of Structural Control In Coupled Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(earthquake and wind). In a conventional structure the energy is absorbed by the inelastic deformation of control devices implemented as the coupled-link between the two buildings. In this study two different, semi-active damper. 1. INTRODUCTION Structural engineering face the challenge on finding new and better

Spencer Jr., B.F.

462

ORIGINAL PAPER Coupled weather research and forecastingstochastic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ORIGINAL PAPER Coupled weather research and forecasting�stochastic time-inverted lagrangian numerical weather prediction model, the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model, and a Lagrangian for a wide range of applications, including inverse flux estimates, flight plan- ning, satellite validation

Lin, John Chun-Han

463

Spectral asymptotics for coupled Dirac operators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this thesis, we study the problem of asymptotic spectral flow for a family of coupled Dirac operators. We prove that the leading order term in the spectral flow on an n dimensional manifold is of order r n+1/2 followed ...

Savale, Nikhil, Jr. (Nikhil A.)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Coupled-channel continuum eigenchannel basis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The goal of this paper is to calculate bound, resonant and scattering states in the coupled-channel formalism without relying on the boundary conditions at large distances. The coupled-channel solution is expanded in eigenchannel bases i.e. in eigenfunctions of diagonal Hamiltonians. Each eigenchannel basis may include discrete and discretized continuum (real or complex energy) single particle states. The coupled-channel solutions are computed through diagonalization in these bases. The method is applied to a few two-channels problems. The exact bound spectrum of the Poeschl-Teller potential is well described by using a basis of real energy continuum states. For deuteron described by Reid potential, the experimental energy and the S and D contents of the wave function are reproduced in the asymptotic limit of the cutoff energy. For the Noro-Taylor potential resonant state energy is well reproduced by using the complex energy Berggren basis. It is found that the expansion of the coupled-channel wave function in these eigenchannel bases require less computational efforts than the use of any other basis. The solutions are stable and converge as the cutoff energy increases.

R. M. Id Betan

2013-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

465

Lateen EM: Unsupervised Training with Multiple Objectives, Applied to Dependency Grammar Induction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

@cs.stanford.edu Hiyan Alshawi Google Inc. Mountain View, CA, 94043, USA hiyan@google.com Daniel Jurafsky DepartmentsLateen EM: Unsupervised Training with Multiple Objectives, Applied to Dependency Grammar Induction Valentin I. Spitkovsky Computer Science Department Stanford University and Google Inc. valentin

Tomkins, Andrew

466

Simulation of triaxial induction measurements in dipping, invaded, and anisotropic formations using a Fourier series  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Simulation of triaxial induction measurements in dipping, invaded, and anisotropic formations using reserves. Across thinly bedded sand-shale rock sequences wherein the thickness of the layers is shorter by low-resistivity shale layers Luling et al., 1994 . Thus, measurements of vertical conductivity

Torres-Verdín, Carlos

467

TECHNICAL ADVANCE The ethanol switch: a tool for tissue-specic gene induction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TECHNICAL ADVANCE The ethanol switch: a tool for tissue-speci®c gene induction during plant is a powerful tool for the analysis of gene function during plant development. Here, we report ethanol inducible of an ethanol-regulated transcription factor, ALCR, is restricted to precise domains using speci®c promoters

Murray, J.A.H.

468

Handling Inductance in Early Power Grid Verification Nahi H. Abdul Ghani  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Handling Inductance in Early Power Grid Verification Nahi H. Abdul Ghani Department of ECE design verification, one should check if the voltage drop on the power grid exceeds some critical thresh, the currents drawn by the logic beneath the power grid are described by means of current constraints

Najm, Farid N.

469

Hybrid Control of a Three-Cell Converter Associated to an Inductive Load  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3519 Hybrid Control of a Three-Cell Converter Associated to an Inductive Load M. Trabelsi, J of the proposed method. - Dynamic Hybrid Systems, Multi-cell converter, Hybrid control, Digital Signal Processing a class of Hybrid Dynamic Systems (HDS). In the field of power electronics, static converters associated

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

470

How to achieve in-phase locking in small-inductance Josephson junction ladder arrays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present the results of an analytical study of phase locking in externally loaded two-dimensional Josephson junction ladder arrays with small, but non-vanishing ring inductances. A Lyapunov stability based condition is found controlling realization of the radiating in-phase oscillation regime. {copyright} {ital 1998 American Institute of Physics.}

Basler, M.; Krech, W.; Platov, K.Y. [Friedrich-Schiller-Universitaet Jena, Institut fuer Festkoerperphysik, Max-Wien-Platz 1, D-07743Jena (Germany)] [Friedrich-Schiller-Universitaet Jena, Institut fuer Festkoerperphysik, Max-Wien-Platz 1, D-07743Jena (Germany)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Ian Hacking. An Introduction to Probability and Inductive Logic. Cambridge University Press 2000, xvii + 302 pp.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ian Hacking. An Introduction to Probability and Inductive Logic. Cambridge University Press 2000, and as an introduction to statistical inference and decision theory, it is even better. Hacking writes very clearly and engagingly throughout. A good supply of well-chosen exercises appear at the end of each chapter, and Hacking

Fitelson, Branden

472

Performance Analysis and Comparison of Three IPMSM with High Homopolar Inductance for Electric Vehicle Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Synchronous Motor, Zero-Sequence Inductance, Electric Vehicle, Ripple Torque, Fast evaluation, Harmonics three topologies of PMSM according to the specifications of an electric vehicle (EV) with severe and especially for hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) and electric vehicle (EV). Moreover, interior permanent magnet

Boyer, Edmond

473

An evaluation of inductance loop detector lead length and optimal speed trap distance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

averaged about 1.5 mph (2.4 km/h) for all speeds, while errors for speed traps with different detector units varied widely from one to 120 mph (1.6 to 194 km/h). Clearly, the best method for obtaining accurate speeds with inductance loop detectors utilizes...

Hamm, Robert Alan

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

MBB Safety Induction Pack TO MAKE SURE THAT ALL NEW MEMBERS OF THE DEPARTMENT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

& Safety Policy and can work within its requirements. It can be accessed on the Safety Services web page ............................................. Registration for Genetic Manipulation Work If required email safety@shef.ac.uk - check with Academic Supervisor .......................MBB Safety Induction Pack TO MAKE SURE THAT ALL NEW MEMBERS OF THE DEPARTMENT ATTEND THE REQUIRED

Williamson, Mike P.

475

Types of Cost in Inductive Concept Learning Peter Turney PETER.TURNEY@NRC.CA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Types of Cost in Inductive Concept Learning Peter Turney PETER.TURNEY@NRC.CA Institute of classes. In real-world applications of concept learning, there are many different types of cost involved. The majority of the machine learning literature ignores all types of cost (unless accuracy is interpreted

Weiss, Gary

476

A self-reconfigurable and fault-tolerant induction motor control architecture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Index Terms-- Fault tolerant, induction motor drive, hy- brid electric vehicule, observers. I the major requirements of automotive electric traction [1]. Several failures afflict electrical motor drives electric vehicles M. Hilairet, D. Diallo and M.E.H. Benbouzid Abstract-- This paper describes an adaptive

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

477

A new relational Tri-training system with adaptive data editing for inductive logic programming  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Relational Tri-training (R-Tri-training for short), as a relational semi-supervised learning system, can effectively exploit unlabeled examples to improve the generalization ability. However, the R-Tri-training may also suffer from the common problem ... Keywords: Adaptive strategy, Data editing, Inductive logic programming, Machine learning, PAC learning, Relational Tri-training, Tri-training

Yanjuan Li; Maozu Guo

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

An Integrated Multi-task Inductive Database and Decision Support System VINLEN: An Initial  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, jwojt}@mli.gmu.edu Abstract. A brief review of the current research on VINLEN multitask induc- tive lifestyles and diseases in men. The conclusion outlines plans for future research. 1 Introduction This paper briefly reviews our current research on the development of VINLEN, a multitask inductive database

Michalski, Ryszard S.

479

RTDS Based Maximal Power Point Tracking Simulation for Doubly-Fed Induction Generator  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the control of the wind generation, the maximal power point tracking (MPPT) control plays important role in the efficiency. This paper presents the simulation results of the MPPT control with RTDS-based DFIG model. At first, it analyzes the vector-control ... Keywords: Wind energy, DFIG((doubly-fed induction generator), Stator flux-oriented, Maximal power point tracking

Jiamin Zhang; Ancheng Xue; Tianshu Bi

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Loss Minimizing Operation of Doubly Fed Induction Generator Based Wind Generation Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Grid Code Technical Regulations TF 3.2.6 [2]. Doubly fed induction generator (DFIG) based Wind of its advantages such as high energy controllability, reduced power converter rating, etc., DFIG has in order to derive the optimal rotor reactive current. However, it only analyzed the condition when DFIGs

Hu, Weihao

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481

Predictive Power Control of Doubly-Fed Induction Generator for Wave Energy Converters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the Doubly- fed induction generator (DFIG). This paper deals then with a model-based predictive power control of a DFIG-based Wave Energy Converter (WEC). In the proposed control approach, the predicted output power was calculated using a DFIG linearized state-space model. The DFIG-based WEC power tracking performances further

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

482

A Predictive power control of Doubly Fed Induction Generator for Wave Energy Converter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

using a linearized state- space model. The DFIG-based WEC power tracking performances further converter (WEC), irregular wave, doubly-fed induction generator (DFIG), predictive power control, I rotational motion for connection to a conventional rotating electrical generator as a DFIG (Fig. 1). Fig.1

Brest, Université de

483

Reference value choice of the wind turbine active power with doubly-fed induction generator  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The variable speed wind turbine with doubly-fed induction generator (DFIG) is today widely used concept. This paper presents a control system of the DFIG wind turbine with focus on the control strategies and on active power reference value choice. The ... Keywords: DFIG, dynamic simulation, reference value of active power, wind turbine

J. Smajo; M. Smajo; D. Vukadinovic

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Harmonic filters influences regarding the power quality on high frequency electrothermal installation with electromagnetic induction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a study regarding the functioning of a melting/hardening electrothermal installation with electromagnetic induction from the point of view of generated harmonics in the power distribution. The authors made simulations in scope of ... Keywords: electrothermal installation, harmonic, passive filters, static converter

Raluca Rob; Ioan Sora; Caius Panoiu; Manuela Panoiu

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Researches regarding the electric energy quality on high requency electrothermal installation with electromagnetic induction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a study regarding the functioning of a melting/hardening electrothermal installation with electromagnetic induction from the point of view of generated harmonics in the power distribution. The authors made simulations in scope of ... Keywords: electrothermal installation, harmonic, passive filters, static converter

Raluca Rob; Ioan Sora; Caius Panoiu; Manuela Panoiu

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Speed Search in Truth Tables (SSTT) A complete inductive approach to SAT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Speed Search in Truth Tables (SSTT) A complete inductive approach to SAT Pieter Adriaans pietera knowledge this class of algorithms, which I call Speed Search in Truth Tables (SSTT), has not been stud- ied restart variants of SSTT and some general consequences for learning theory. 1. Introduction In this paper

Adriaans, Pieter

487

3D MHD Free Surface Fluid Flow Simulation Based on Magnetic-Field Induction Equations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 3D MHD Free Surface Fluid Flow Simulation Based on Magnetic-Field Induction Equations H.L. HUANG Huang@fusion.ucla.edu Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to present our recent efforts on 3D MHD-plane magnetic field configurations have shown that 3D MHD effects from a surface normal field gradient cause

California at Los Angeles, University of

488

The adjoint sensitivity method of global electromagnetic induction for CHAMP magnetic data  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......the leakage of EM energy from degree j = 1...harmonics of the 27-day solar rotation period...A technique for improving the accuracy of finite...analysis of regional air quality models, J. Comput...induction effects by the solar quiet magnetic field......

Zden?k Martinec; Jakub Velímsky

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

The effects of early rearing environment on the hormonal induction of maternal behavior in virgin rats  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

rats Marko Novakov, Alison S. Fleming* Psychology Department, University of Toronto at Mississauaga rearing paradigm (AR), on the hormonal induction of maternal behavior (MB) in female Sprague�Dawley rats. Between postnatal days (PND) 4 and 18, rat pups were raised either with their mothers (MR) or artificially

Sokolowski, Marla

490

Crystallographic Texture of Induction-welded and Heat-treated Pipeline Steel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

taken at an operating voltage of 25 kV, a working distance of 30 mm and a tilt angle of 70. Introduction Pipes for oil and gas transmission are made from low-alloy steels designated X60, X65, X70 etc of line pipes is paramount in their suitability for application [5­7]. The joint resulting from induction

Cambridge, University of

491

Site-Wide Wrapper Induction for Life Science Deep Web Databases  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Site-Wide Wrapper Induction for Life Science Deep Web Databases Saqib Mir1,2 , Steffen Staab2-world biochemical deep Web sources and report our preliminary results, which are very promising. Keywords: Deep Web-paste actions, create temporary text-files and manually link records. #12;"Deep Web" research aims to virtually

Staab, Steffen

492

Intercomparison of inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry, quantitative neutron capture radiography, and prompt gamma activation analysis for the determination of boron in biological samples  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Boron determination is of special interest for the analysis of biological samples in the context of boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT). BNCT is ... . This is achieved by enrichment of the isotope 10B in tumour ...

C. L. Schütz; C. Brochhausen; G. Hampel…

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Accurate determination of Curium and Californium isotopic ratios by inductively coupled plasma quadrupole mass spectrometry (ICP-QMS) in 248Cm samples for transmutation studies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The French Atomic Energy Commission has carried out several experiments including the mini-INCA (INcineration of Actinides) project for the study of minor-actinide transmutation processes in high intensity thermal neutron fluxes, in view of proposing solutions to reduce the radiotoxicity of long-lived nuclear wastes. In this context, a Cm sample enriched in {sup 248}Cm ({approx}97 %) was irradiated in thermal neutron flux at the High Flux Reactor (HFR) of the Laue-Langevin Institute (ILL). This work describes a quadrupole ICP-MS (ICP-QMS) analytical procedure for precise and accurate isotopic composition determination of Cm before sample irradiation and of Cm and Cf after sample irradiation. The factors that affect the accuracy and reproducibility of isotopic ratio measurements by ICP-QMS, such as peak centre correction, detector dead time, mass bias, abundance sensitivity and hydrides formation, instrumental background, and memory blank were carefully evaluated and corrected. Uncertainties of the isotopic ratios, taking into account internal precision of isotope ratio measurements, peak tailing, and hydrides formations ranged from 0.3% to 1.3%. This uncertainties range is quite acceptable for the nuclear data to be used in transmutation studies.

Gourgiotis, A.; Isnard, H.; Aubert, M.; Dupont, E.; AlMahamid, I.; Cassette, P.; Panebianco, S.; Letourneau, A.; Chartier, F.; Tian, G.; Rao, L.; Lukens, W.

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Measurement of elemental speciation by liquid chromatography -- inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LC-ICP-MS) with the direct injection nebulizer (DIN)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This thesis is divided into 4 parts: elemental speciation, speciation of mercury and lead compounds by microbore column LC-ICP-MS with direct injection nebulization, spatially resolved measurements of size and velocity distributions of aerosol droplets from a direct injection nebulizer, and elemental speciation by anion exchange and size exclusion chromatography with detection by ICP-MS with direct injection nebulization. Tabs, figs, refs.

Shum, S.

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Simulation results of an inductively-coupled rf plasma torch in two and three dimensions for producing a metal matrix composite for nuclear fuel cladding  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. In this work, a magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) model is used along with a computational fluid dynamic (CFD) software package called FLUENT© to simulate an ICPT. To solve the electromagnetic equations and incorporate forces and resistive heating, several userdefined...

Holik III, Eddie Frank (Trey)

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

496

DETERMINATION OF 234U/238U, 235U/238U AND 236U/238U ISOTOPE RATIOS IN URINE USING SECTOR FIELD INDUCTIVELY COUPLED PLASMA MASS SPECTROMETRY  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......aerosols of depleted uranium (DU) exhibit...uranium-related health effects(3-5...et al. Health effects of depleted uranium on exposed...Detection of depleted uranium (DU) in urines...Gulf War. Health Phys. (2004......

Ge Xiao; Robert L. Jones; David Saunders; Kathleen L. Caldwell

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

A method for direct, semi-quantitative analysis of gas phase samples using gas chromatography-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new and complete GC–ICP-MS method is described for direct analysis of trace metals in a gas phase process stream. The proposed method is derived from standard analytical procedures developed for ICP-MS, which are regularly exercised in standard ICP-MS laboratories. In order to implement the method, a series of empirical factors were generated to calibrate detector response with respect to a known concentration of an internal standard analyte. Calibrated responses are ultimately used to determine the concentration of metal analytes in a gas stream using a semi-quantitative algorithm. The method was verified using a traditional gas injection from a GC sampling valve and a standard gas mixture containing either a 1 ppm Xe + Kr mix with helium balance or 100 ppm Xe with helium balance. Data collected for Xe and Kr gas analytes revealed that agreement of 6–20% with the actual concentration can be expected for various experimental conditions. To demonstrate the method using a relevant “unknown” gas mixture, experiments were performed for continuous 4 and 7 hour periods using a Hg-containing sample gas that was co-introduced into the GC sample loop with the xenon gas standard. System performance and detector response to the dilute concentration of the internal standard were pre-determined, which allowed semi-quantitative evaluation of the analyte. The calculated analyte concentrations varied during the course of the 4 hour experiment, particularly during the first hour of the analysis where the actual Hg concentration was under predicted by up to 72%. Calculated concentration improved to within 30–60% for data collected after the first hour of the experiment. Similar results were seen during the 7 hour test with the deviation from the actual concentration being 11–81% during the first hour and then decreasing for the remaining period. The method detection limit (MDL) was determined for the mercury by injecting the sample gas into the system following a period of equilibration. The MDL for Hg was calculated as 6.8 ?g · m{sup ? 3}. This work describes the first complete GC–ICP-MS method to directly analyze gas phase samples, and detailed sample calculations and comparisons to conventional ICP-MS methods are provided.

Carter, Kimberly E.; Gerdes, Kirk

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Low-frequency RF Coupling To Unconventional (Fat Unbalanced) Dipoles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The report explains radio frequency (RF) coupling to unconventional dipole antennas. Normal dipoles have thin equal length arms that operate at maximum efficiency around resonance frequencies. In some applications like high-explosive (HE) safety analysis, structures similar to dipoles with ''fat'' unequal length arms must be evaluated for indirect-lightning effects. An example is shown where a metal drum-shaped container with HE forms one arm and the detonator cable acts as the other. Even if the HE is in a facility converted into a ''Faraday cage'', a lightning strike to the facility could still produce electric fields inside. The detonator cable concentrates the electric field and carries the energy into the detonator, potentially creating a hazard. This electromagnetic (EM) field coupling of lightning energy is the indirect effect of a lightning strike. In practice, ''Faraday cages'' are formed by the rebar of the concrete facilities. The individual rebar rods in the roof, walls and floor are normally electrically connected because of the construction technique of using metal wire to tie the pieces together. There are two additional requirements for a good cage. (1) The roof-wall joint and the wall-floor joint must be electrically attached. (2) All metallic penetrations into the facility must also be electrically connected to the rebar. In this report, it is assumed that these conditions have been met, and there is no arcing in the facility structure. Many types of detonators have metal ''cups'' that contain the explosives and thin electrical initiating wires, called bridge wires mounted between two pins. The pins are connected to the detonator cable. The area of concern is between the pins supporting the bridge wire and the metal cup forming the outside of the detonator. Detonator cables usually have two wires, and in this example, both wires generated the same voltage at the detonator bridge wire. This is called the common-mode voltage. The explosive component inside a detonator is relatively sensitive, and any electrical arc is a concern. In a safety analysis, the pin-to-cup voltage, i.e., detonator voltage, must be calculated to decide if an arc will form. If the electric field is known, the voltage between any two points is simply the integral of the field along a line between the points. Eq. 1.1. For simplicity, it is assumed that the electric field and dipole elements are aligned. Calculating the induced detonator voltage is more complex because of the field concentration caused by metal components. If the detonator cup is not electrically connected to the metal HE container, the portion of the voltage generated by the dipole at the detonator will divide between the container-to-cup and cup-to-pin gaps. The gap voltages are determined by their capacitances. As a simplification, it will be assumed the cup is electrically attached, short circuited, to the HE container. The electrical field in the pin-to-cup area is determined by the field near the dipole, the length of the dipole, the shape of the arms, and the orientation of the arms. Given the characteristics of a lightning strike and the inductance of the facility, the electric fields in the ''Faraday cage'' can be calculated. The important parameters for determining the voltage in an empty facility are the inductance of the rebars and the rate of change of the current, Eq. 1.3. The internal electric fields are directly related to the facility voltages, however, the electric fields in the pin-to-cup space is much higher than the facility fields because the antenna will concentrate the fields covered by the arms. Because the lightning current rise-time is different for every strike, the maximum electric field and the induced detonator voltage should be described by probability distributions. For pedantic purposes, the peak field in the simulations will be simply set to 1 V/m. Lightning induced detonator voltages can be calculated by scaling up with the facility fields. Any metal object around the explosives, such as a work stand, will also distort the electric

Ong, M M; Brown, C G; Perkins, M P; Speer, R D; Javedani, J B

2010-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

499

Collective behavior of coupled nonuniform stochastic oscillators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Theoretical studies of synchronization are usually based on models of coupled phase oscillators which, when isolated, have constant angular frequency. Stochastic discrete versions of these uniform oscillators have also appeared in the literature, with equal transition rates among the states. Here we start from the model recently introduced by Wood et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 96}, 145701 (2006)], which has a collectively synchronized phase, and parametrically modify the phase-coupled oscillators to render them (stochastically) nonuniform. We show that, depending on the nonuniformity parameter $0\\leq \\alpha \\leq 1$, a mean field analysis predicts the occurrence of several phase transitions. In particular, the phase with collective oscillations is stable for the complete graph only for $\\alpha \\leq \\alpha^\\prime < 1$. At $\\alpha=1$ the oscillators become excitable elements and the system has an absorbing state. In the excitable regime, no collective oscillations were found in the model.

Vladimir R. V. Assis; Mauro Copelli

2012-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

500

Collective Dynamics of Strongly Coupled Dusty Plasmas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Some selected highlights of theoretical and experimental research at IPR in the area of strongly coupled plasmas are presented. Theoretical analysis using the generalized hydrodynamics model have found interesting modifications in the linear propagation characteristics of dust acoustic waves (DAWs) including additional dispersive contributions and regions where {partial_derivative}{omega}/{partial_derivative}k<0. The analysis also predicted the existence of transverse shear waves in the liquid state of the dust component which were subsequently detected for the first time in laboratory experiments done at the Institute. Interesting experimental results in the strongly coupled regime were also obtained for DAWs including the first ever observations of solitary pulse propagation in such a medium.

Sen, Abhijit [Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar 382428 (India)

2010-11-23T23:59:59.000Z