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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inductively coupled plasma-atomic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

In situ calibration of inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission and mass spectroscopy  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus for in situ addition calibration of an inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometer or mass spectrometer using a precision gas metering valve to introduce a volatile calibration gas of an element of interest directly into an aerosol particle stream. The present situ calibration technique is suitable for various remote, on-site sampling systems such as laser ablation or nebulization.

Braymen, Steven D. (Ames, IA)

1996-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

2

In situ calibration of inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission and mass spectroscopy  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus are disclosed for in situ addition calibration of an inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometer or mass spectrometer using a precision gas metering valve to introduce a volatile calibration gas of an element of interest directly into an aerosol particle stream. The present in situ calibration technique is suitable for various remote, on-site sampling systems such as laser ablation or nebulization. 5 figs.

Braymen, S.D.

1996-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

3

Multielement analysis of geologic materials by inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectroscopy  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Atomic emission spectroscopy using an inductively coupled plasma (ICP) source permits the rapid acquisition of multielement geochemical data from a wide variety of geologic materials. Rocks or other solid samples are taken into solution with a four acid digestion procedure and introduced directly into the plasma; fluid samples are acidified or analyzed directly. The entire process is computer-controlled, fully-automated, and requires less than five minutes per sample for quantitative determination of 37 elements. The procedures and instrumentation employed at the ESL for multielement ICP analysis of geologic materials are described and these are intended as a guide for evaluating analytic results reported from this laboratory. The quality of geochemical data can be characterized by precision, limits of quantitative determination, and accuracy. Precision values are a measure of the repeatability of analyses. In general, major element and analyses have precision of better than 5% and trace elements of better than 10% of the amount present. (MHR)

Christensen, O.D.; Kroneman, R.L.; Capuano, R.M.

1980-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

LASER ABLATION-INDUCTIVELY COUPLED PLASMA-ATOMIC EMISSION SPECTROSCOPY STUDY AT THE 222-S LABORATORY USING HOT-CELL GLOVE BOX PROTOTYPE SYSTEM  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the installation, testing, and acceptance of the Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP) procured laser ablation-inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectroscopy (LA-ICP-AES) system for remotely analyzing high-level waste (HLW) samples in a hot cell environment. The work was completed by the Analytical Process Development (APD) group in accordance with Task Order 2005-003; ATS MP 1027, Management Plan for Waste Treatment Plant Project Work Performed by Analytical Technical Services. The APD group at the 222-S Laboratory demonstrated acceptable turnaround time (TAT) and provide sufficient data to assess sensitivity, accuracy, and precision of the LA-ICP-AES method.

SEIDEL CM; JAIN J; OWENS JW

2009-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

5

LASER ABLATION-INDUCTIVELY COUPLED PLASMA-ATOMIC EMISSION SPECTROSCOPY STUDY AT THE 222-S LABORATORY USING HOT-CELL GLOVE BOX PROTOTYPE SYSTEM  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the installation, testing and acceptance of the Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant procured laser ablation-inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectroscopy (LA-ICP-AES) system for remotely analyzing high-level waste samples in a hot cell environment. The 2005-003; ATS MP 1027, Management Plan for Waste Treatment Plant Project Work Performed by Analytical Technical Services. The APD group at the 222-S laboratory demonstrated acceptable turnaround time (TAT) and provide sufficient data to assess sensitivity, accuracy, and precision of the LA-ICP-AES method.

LOCKREM LL; OWENS JW; SEIDEL CM

2009-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

6

Inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry (ICP-AES) in support of nuclear waste management. [HHDECMP (hexyl hexyl-N,N diethylcarbamolymethylphosphonate) and n-octyl(phenyl)-N,N diisobutylcarbamoylmethylphosphine oxide  

SciTech Connect

Simulated complex nuclear waste solutions are characterized by Inductively Coupled Plasma-Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AEC). The system uses and ICP source focused on both a polychromator and a computer-controlled scanning monochromator for intensity measurements. This instrumentation allows for simultaneous and sequential measurements of liquid extraction distribution coefficients needed in the development of process flow sheets for component separations. A large number of elements are determined rapidly with adequate sensitivity and accuracy. The focus of this investigation centers on the analysis of nuclear fission products. 13 references, 13 tables.

Huff, E.A.; Horwitz, E.P.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Capacitively-coupled inductive sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

It is therefore an object of the present invention to provide a capacitively-coupled inductive shunt current sensor. To achieve the other object, and in accordance with the purpose of the present invention, as embodied and broadly described herein, the apparatus of this invention may comprise a capacitively coupled inductive shunt current sensor comprising: annular inductive channel means formed in a conductor carrying a high voltage pulsed current; an electrode capacitively coupled to said conductor on opposite sides of said annular inductive channel means; voltage dividing capacitor means connected in series with said electrode for reducing the magnitude of the detected output signal; output coupling means connected to said voltage dividing capacitor means for producing an output signal representative of said high voltage pulsed current.

Ekdahl, C.A.

1981-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

8

Capacitively-coupled inductive sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A capacitively coupled inductive shunt current sensor which utilizes capacitive coupling between flanges having an annular inductive channel formed therein. A voltage dividing capacitor is connected between the coupling capacitor and ground to provide immediate capacitive division of the output signal so as to provide a high frequency response of the current pulse to be detected. The present invention can be used in any desired outer conductor such as the outer conductor of a coaxial transmission line, the outer conductor of an electron beam transmission line, etc.

Ekdahl, Carl A. (Albuquerque, NM)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Closed inductively coupled plasma cell  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A closed inductively coupled plasma cell generates a relatively high power, low noise plasma for use in spectroscopic studies is disclosed. A variety of gases can be selected to form the plasma to minimize spectroscopic interference and to provide a electron density and temperature range for the sample to be analyzed. Grounded conductors are placed at the tube ends and axially displaced from the inductive coil, whereby the resulting electromagnetic field acts to elongate the plasma in the tube. Sample materials can be injected in the plasma to be excited for spectroscopy. 1 fig.

Manning, T.J.; Palmer, B.A.; Hof, D.E.

1990-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

10

Mobile inductively coupled plasma system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system is described for sampling and analyzing a material located at a hazardous site. A laser located remotely from the hazardous site is connected to an optical fiber, which directs laser radiation proximate the material at the hazardous site. The laser radiation abates a sample of the material. An inductively coupled plasma is located remotely from the material. An aerosol transport system carries the ablated particles to a plasma, where they are dissociated, atomized and excited to provide characteristic optical reduction of the elemental constituents of the sample. An optical spectrometer is located remotely from the site. A second optical fiber is connected to the optical spectrometer at one end and the plasma source at the other end to carry the optical radiation from the plasma source to the spectrometer. 10 figs.

D`Silva, A.P.; Jaselskis, E.J.

1999-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

11

Size exclusion chromatography-inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrographic study of Fe in bitumens derived from tar sands  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports on bitumens extracted from tar sands from various locations (Utah, California, Kentucky, and Alberta) that were examined by size exclusion chromatography with on-line element-specific detection to study the Fe concentration as a function of size. In most cases, the resulting profiles exhibit unimodal distributions at relatively large molecular size with very similar times for maximum elution. specifically, Sunnyside (Utah) and McKittrick (California) tar-sand bitumens exhibited very intense maxima consistent with extremely high bulk Fe contents. Arroyo Grande (California) exhibited an additional maximum at very large molecular size. This size behavior of the Fe appears to correlate with the large molecular size Ni and V components eluted under the same conditions.

Reynolds, J.G. (Lawrence Livermore National Lab., Livermore, CA (US)); Biggs, W.R. (Chevron Research Co., Richmond, CA (US))

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Starter for inductively coupled plasma tube  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A starter assembly is provided for use with an inductively coupled plasma (ICP) tube to reliably initiate a plasma at internal pressures above about 30 microns. A conductive probe is inserted within the inductor coil about the tube and insulated from the tube shield assembly. A capacitive circuit is arranged for momentarily connecting a high voltage radio-frequency generator to the probe while simultaneously energizing the coil. When the plasma is initiated the probe is disconnected from the generator and electrically connected to the shield assembly for operation. 1 fig.

Hull, D.E.; Bieniewski, T.M.

1988-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

13

Starter for inductively coupled plasma tube  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A starter assembly is provided for use with an inductively coupled plasma (ICP) tube to reliably initate a plasma at internal pressures above about 30 microns. A conductive probe is inserted within the inductor coil about the tube and insulated from the tube shield assembly. A capacitive circuit is arranged for momentarily connecting a high voltage radio-frequency generator to the probe while simultaneously energizing the coil. When the plasma is initiated the probe is disconnected from the generator and electrically connected to the shield assembly for operation.

Hull, Donald E. (969 Nambe Loop, Los Alamos, NM 87544); Bieniewski, Thomas M. (285 Donna Ave., Los Alamos, NM 87544)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

High resolution inductively coupled plasma etching of 30 nm lines ...  

The electrostatic shield around the ICP tube is used to ensure that the ICP power is purely inductively coupled ~i.e., ‘‘true ICP’’!, hence elimi-

15

Method of processing materials using an inductively coupled plasma  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for making fine power using an inductively coupled plasma. The method provides a gas-free environment, since the plasma is formed without using a gas. The starting material used in the method is in solid form.

Hull, Donald E. (Los Alamos, NM); Bieniewski, Thomas M. (Los Alamos, NM)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Coupled-magnetic filters with adaptive inductance cancellation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Conventional filter circuits suffer from a number of limitations, including performance degradation due to capacitor parasitic inductance and the size and cost of magnetic elements. Coupled-magnetic filters have been ...

Lymar, Daria S

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Method of processing materials using an inductively coupled plasma  

SciTech Connect

A method for coating surfaces or implanting ions in an object using an inductively coupled plasma. The method provides a gas-free environment, since the plasma is formed without using a gas. The coating material or implantation material is intitially in solid form.

Hull, Donald E. (Los Alamos, NM); Bieniewski, Thomas M. (Los Alamos, NM)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Standard test method for determination of impurities in plutonium: acid dissolution, ion exchange matrix separation, and inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectroscopic (ICP/AES) analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1.1 This specification covers blended uranium trioxide (UO3), U3O8, or mixtures of the two, powders that are intended for conversion into a sinterable uranium dioxide (UO2) powder by means of a direct reduction process. The UO2 powder product of the reduction process must meet the requirements of Specification C 753 and be suitable for subsequent UO2 pellet fabrication by pressing and sintering methods. This specification applies to uranium oxides with a 235U enrichment less than 5 %. 1.2 This specification includes chemical, physical, and test method requirements for uranium oxide powders as they relate to the suitability of the powder for storage, transportation, and direct reduction to UO2 powder. This specification is applicable to uranium oxide powders for such use from any source. 1.3 The scope of this specification does not comprehensively cover all provisions for preventing criticality accidents, for health and safety, or for shipping. Observance of this specification does not relieve the user of th...

American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Effect of capacitive coupling in a miniature inductively coupled plasma source  

SciTech Connect

Two-dimensional axisymmetric particle-in-cell simulations with a Monte Carlo collision algorithm (PIC-MCC) have been conducted to investigate the effect of capacitive coupling in a miniature inductively coupled plasma source (mICP) by using two models: an inductive model and a hybrid model. The mICP is 3 mm in radius and 6 mm in height with a three-turn planar coil, where argon plasma is sustained. In the inductive model, the coil is assumed to be electrostatically shielded, and thus the discharge is purely inductive coupling. In the hybrid model, we assume that the different turns of the coil act like electrodes in capacitive discharge to include the effect of capacitive coupling. The voltage applied to these electrodes decreases linearly from the powered end of the coil towards the grounded end. The numerical analysis has been performed for rf frequencies in the range of 100-1000 MHz, and the power absorbed by the plasma in the range of 5-50 mW at a fixed pressure of 500 mTorr. The PIC-MCC results show that potential oscillations at the plasma-dielectric interface are not negligible, and thus the major component of the absorbed power is caused by the axial motion of electrons in the hybrid model, although almost all of the power absorption is due to the azimuthal motion of electrons in the inductive model. The effect of capacitive coupling is more significant at lower rf frequencies and at higher absorbed powers under the calculation conditions examined. Moreover, much less coil currents are required in the hybrid model.

Takao, Yoshinori; Eriguchi, Koji; Ono, Kouichi [Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Graduate School of Engineering, Kyoto University, Yoshida-Honmachi, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8501 (Japan)

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Method of processing materials using an inductively coupled plasma  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of processing materials. The invention enables ultrafine, ultrapure powders to be formed from solid ingots in a gas free environment. A plasma is formed directly from an ingot which insures purity. The vaporized material is expanded through a nozzle and the resultant powder settles on a cold surface. An inductively coupled plasma may also be used to process waste chemicals. Noxious chemicals are directed through a series of plasma tubes, breaking molecular bonds and resulting in relatively harmless atomic constituents. 3 figs.

Hull, D.E.; Bieniewski, T.M.

1987-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inductively coupled plasma-atomic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Fission Yield Measurements by Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass-Spectrometry  

SciTech Connect

Correct prediction of the fission products inventory in irradiated nuclear fuels is essential for accurate estimation of fuel burnup, establishing proper requirements for spent fuel transportation and storage, materials accountability and nuclear forensics. Such prediction is impossible without accurate knowledge of neutron induced fission yields. Unfortunately, the accuracy of the fission yields reported in the ENDF/B-VII.0 library is not uniform across all of the data and much of the improvement is desired for certain isotopes and fission products. We discuss our measurements of cumulative fission yields in nuclear fuels irradiated in thermal and fast reactor spectra using Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry.

Irina Glagolenko; Bruce Hilton; Jeffrey Giglio; Daniel Cummings; Karl Grimm; Richard McKnight

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Inductively coupled plasma torch with laminar flow cooling  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved inductively coupled gas plasma torch. The torch includes inner and outer quartz sleeves and tubular insert snugly fitted between the sleeves. The insert includes outwardly opening longitudinal channels. Gas flowing through the channels of the insert emerges in a laminar flow along the inside surface of the outer sleeve, in the zone of plasma heating. The laminar flow cools the outer sleeve and enables the torch to operate at lower electrical power and gas consumption levels additionally, the laminar flow reduces noise levels in spectroscopic measurements of the gaseous plasma.

Rayson, Gary D. (Las Cruces, NM); Shen, Yang (Las Cruces, NM)

1991-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

23

Thin film coating process using an inductively coupled plasma  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Thin coatings of normally solid materials are applied to target substrates using an inductively coupled plasma. Particles of the coating material are vaporized by plasma heating, and pass through an orifice to a first vacuum zone in which the particles are accelerated to a velocity greater than Mach 1. The shock wave generated in the first vacuum zone is intercepted by the tip of a skimmer cone that provides a second orifice. The particles pass through the second orifice into a second zone maintained at a higher vacuum and impinge on the target to form the coating. Ultrapure coatings can be formed.

Kniseley, Richard N. (Ames, IA); Schmidt, Frederick A. (Ames, IA); Merkle, Brian D. (Ames, IA)

1990-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

24

Uncertainty Measurement for Trace Element Analysis of Uranium and Plutonium Samples by Inductively Coupled Plasma-Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES) and Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The measurement uncertainty estimatino associated with trace element analysis of impurities in U and Pu was evaluated using the Guide to the Expression of Uncertainty Measurement (GUM). I this evalution the uncertainty sources were identified and standard uncertainties for the components were categorized as either Type A or B. The combined standard uncertainty was calculated and a coverage factor k = 2 was applied to obtain the expanded uncertainty, U. The ICP-AES and ICP-MS methods used were deveoped for the multi-element analysis of U and Pu samples. A typical analytical run consists of standards, process blanks, samples, matrix spiked samples, post digestion spiked samples and independent calibration verification standards. The uncertainty estimation was performed on U and Pu samples that have been analyzed previously as part of the U and Pu Sample Exchange Programs. Control chart results and data from the U and Pu metal exchange programs were combined with the GUM into a concentration dependent estimate of the expanded uncertainty. Comparison of trace element uncertainties obtained using this model was compared to those obtained for trace element results as part of the Exchange programs. This process was completed for all trace elements that were determined to be above the detection limit for the U and Pu samples.

Gallimore, David L. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

25

Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry Uranium Error Propagation  

SciTech Connect

The Hazards Control Department at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) uses Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometer (ICP/MS) technology to analyze uranium in urine. The ICP/MS used by the Hazards Control Department is a Perkin-Elmer Elan 6000 ICP/MS. The Department of Energy Laboratory Accreditation Program requires that the total error be assessed for bioassay measurements. A previous evaluation of the errors associated with the ICP/MS measurement of uranium demonstrated a {+-} 9.6% error in the range of 0.01 to 0.02 {micro}g/l. However, the propagation of total error for concentrations above and below this level have heretofore been undetermined. This document is an evaluation of the errors associated with the current LLNL ICP/MS method for a more expanded range of uranium concentrations.

Hickman, D P; Maclean, S; Shepley, D; Shaw, R K

2001-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Low-pressure water-cooled inductively coupled plasma torch  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An inductively coupled plasma torch is provided which comprises an inner tube, including a sample injection port to which the sample to be tested is supplied and comprising an enlarged central portion in which the plasma flame is confined; an outer tube surrounding the inner tube and containing water therein for cooling the inner tube, the outer tube including a water inlet port to which water is supplied and a water outlet port spaced from the water inlet port and from which water is removed after flowing through the outer tube; and an rf induction coil for inducing the plasma in the gas passing into the tube through the sample injection port. The sample injection port comprises a capillary tube including a reduced diameter orifice, projecting into the lower end of the inner tube. The water inlet is located at the lower end of the outer tube and the rf heating coil is disposed around the outer tube above and adjacent to the water inlet.

Seliskar, C.J.; Warner, D.K.

1984-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

27

Low-pressure water-cooled inductively coupled plasma torch  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An inductively coupled plasma torch is provided which comprises an inner tube, including a sample injection port to which the sample to be tested is supplied and comprising an enlarged central portion in which the plasma flame is confined; an outer tube surrounding the inner tube and containing water therein for cooling the inner tube, the outer tube including a water inlet port to which water is supplied and a water outlet port spaced from the water inlet port and from which water is removed after flowing through the outer tube; and an r.f. induction coil for inducing the plasma in the gas passing into the tube through the sample injection port. The sample injection port comprises a capillary tube including a reduced diameter orifice, projecting into the lower end of the inner tube. The water inlet is located at the lower end of the outer tube and the r.f. heating coil is disposed around the outer tube above and adjacent to the water inlet.

Seliskar, Carl J. (Cincinnati, OH); Warner, David K. (Centerville, OH)

1988-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

28

Inductive power coupling for an electric highway system  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A Dual Mode Electric Transporation (DMET) system is under development in which energy is electromagnetically transferred from a powered roadway to moving vehicles. Energy from the roadway can be used for high-speed, long-range travel and for replenishing energy stored in the vehicle in batteries or flywheels. The stored energy is then available for short-range travel off the powered highway network. The power coupling between roadway and vehicle is functionally similar to a transformer. A source is embedded in the roadway flush with the surface. When the vehicle's pickup is suspended over the source, energy is magnetically coupled through the clearance air gap between pickup and roadway source. The electromagnetic coupling mechanism was extensively studied through computer models, circuit analyses, and by tests of a full-size physical prototype. The results of these tests are described.

Bolger, J.G.; Kirsten, F.A.; Ng, L.S.

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Control of Chlorine inductively coupled plasma using optical-emission spectroscopy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Magneto-resistive random access memory (MRAM) technology is recognized as one of the next key advances in computer memory. To create MRAM, various metals are successively laid down by sputtering to create stacks, which are then etched into suitable patterns. ... Keywords: ICP, MRAM, OES, chlorine, dry etching, inductively coupled plasma, online control, optical-emission spectroscopy, plasma-induced damage

R. B. Young; T. L. Scott; K. A. Prisbrey

2002-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Fabrication of Si nano-pillar array through Ni nano-dot mask using inductively coupled plasma  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fabrication of Si nano-pillar array through Ni nano-dot mask using inductively coupled plasma Mun-Dong, Jangan-Gu, Suwon, 440-746, South Korea Available online 9 September 2004 Abstract We formed Si nano-pillar array using inductively coupled plasma (ICP) etching of Si with Ni nano-dot mask. For the formation

Yeom, Geun Young

31

Etching characteristics of ZnO thin films in chlorine-containing inductively coupled plasmas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study examined the plasma etching characteristics of ZnO thin films etched in BCl"3/Ar, BCl"3/Cl"2/Ar and Cl"2/Ar plasmas with a positive photoresist mask. The ZnO etch rates were increased in a limited way by increasing the gas flow ratio of the ... Keywords: BCl3, Chlorine, Inductively coupled plasma, Plasma etching, Zinc oxychloride, ZnO

S. W. Na; M. H. Shin; Y. M. Chung; J. G. Han; S. H. Jeung; J. H. Boo; N. -E. Lee

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Test of the performance and characteristics of a prototype inductive power coupling for electric highway systems  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Development of an inductively coupled power system for highway applications was begun in 1976. The power system was designed to provide energy to vehicles that also carry a supply of stored energy, thus providing a large measure of operational flexibility to the vehicles and reducing the necessary inventory of powered roadways. The highway power system can support the high-speed, long-range portions of driving cycles, while the stored energy can meet the requirements of driving on non-powered streets. The system thus has been referred to as a ''dual-mode'' system because of the use of the two sources of energy. The results of testing a prototype coupling are presented. No physical contact between the vehicle and the power source is required, i.e., the coupling magnetically links the power system of the vehicle to a power source in the roadway (inductive coupling). Tests were performed to determine the magnetic force and flux distribution, electrical characteristics, thermal efforts and acoustic noise. The test equipment and methods are discussed. The tests confirmed the technical feasibility of this type of non-contacting electrical power coupling, and demonstrated that its components are suited to ordinary materials and manufacturing processes. The test results were found to be consistent with expected characteristics in all important respects.

Bolger, J.G.; Ng, L.S.; Green, M.I.; Wallace, R.I.

1978-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Time-resolved studies of particle effects in laser ablation inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Time resolved signals in laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) are studied to determine the influence of experimental parameters on ICP-induced fractionation effects. Differences in sample composition and morphology, i.e., ablating brass, glass, or dust pellets, have a profound effect on the time resolved signal. Helium transport gas significantly decreases large positive signal spikes arising from large particles in the ICP. A binder for pellets also reduces the abundance and amplitude of spikes in the signal. MO{sup +} ions also yield signal spikes, but these MO{sup +} spikes generally occur at different times from their atomic ion counterparts.

Perdian, D.; Bajic, S.; Baldwin, D.; Houk, R.

2007-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

34

Optical diagnostics for a high power, rf-inductively coupled plasma  

SciTech Connect

Emission spectroscopy and laser-induced fluorescence have been used to monitor the field and tail-flame regions of a Hull-design inductively coupled plasma. This plasma is used for a variety of syntheses including SiC, TiC, BN, A1N and diamond. Temporally- and spatially-resolved spectra of both pure Ar and Ar/gas mixtures have been studied as a function of RF power, pressure and flow rate. Preliminary data suggest that the system is far from local thermodynamic equilibrium.

Nogar, N.S.; Keaton, G.L.; Anderson, J.E.; Trkula, M.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Energetic electron avalanches and mode transitions in planar inductively coupled radio-frequency driven plasmas operated in oxygen  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Space and phase resolved optical emission spectroscopic measurements reveal that in certain parameter regimes, inductively coupled radio-frequency driven plasmas exhibit three distinct operation modes. At low powers, the plasma operates as an alpha-mode capacitively coupled plasma driven through the dynamics of the plasma boundary sheath potential in front of the antenna. At high powers, the plasma operates in inductive mode sustained through induced electric fields due to the time varying currents and associated magnetic fields from the antenna. At intermediate powers, close to the often observed capacitive to inductive (E-H) transition regime, energetic electron avalanches are identified to play a significant role in plasma sustainment, similar to gamma-mode capacitively coupled plasmas. These energetic electrons traverse the whole plasma gap, potentially influencing plasma surface interactions as exploited in technological applications.

Zaka-ul-Islam, M.; Niemi, K. [Centre for Plasma Physics, School of Mathematics and Physics, Queen's University Belfast, University Road, Belfast BT7 1NN, Northern Ireland (United Kingdom); Gans, T.; O'Connell, D. [Centre for Plasma Physics, School of Mathematics and Physics, Queen's University Belfast, University Road, Belfast BT7 1NN, Northern Ireland (United Kingdom); York Plasma Institute, Department of Physics, University of York, Innovation Way, Heslington York YO10 5DQ (United Kingdom)

2011-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

36

Apparatus having inductively coupled coaxial coils for measuring buildup of slay or ash in a furnace  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The buildup of slag or ash on the interior surface of a furnace wall is monitored by disposing two coils to form a transformer which is secured adjacent to the inside surface of the furnace wall. The inductive coupling between the two coils of the transformer is affected by the presence of oxides of iron in the slag or ash which is adjacent to the transformer, and the application of a voltage to one winding produces a voltage at the other winding that is related to the thickness of the slag or ash buildup on the inside surface of the furnace wall. The output of the other winding is an electrical signal which can be used to control an alarm or the like or provide an indication of the thickness of the slag or ash buildup at a remote location.

Mathur, Mahendra P. (Pittsburgh, PA); Ekmann, James M. (Bethel Park, PA)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Flow and temperature fields in a free discharge inductively coupled plasma  

SciTech Connect

Computations were made of the flow and temperature fields in an inductively coupled argon plasma at atmospheric pressure under confined and free discharge conditions. The model takes into account gravity effects and swirl in the sheath gas. Natural convection was found to have a negligible effect on the flow and temperature fields under confined discharge conditions but a significant effect for the free discharge. The back flow in the discharge was substantially reduced in the presence of swirl for swirl velocities over the range 0-50 m/s. Also with a mode-rate increase in swirl, the conduction heat flux to the wall decreased but increased with the further increase in swirl. From an overall energy balance point of view, conductive heat flux to the wall of the plasma confinement tube was substantially lower for a free plasma discharge compared to that for a confined plasma.

Gagne, R.; Boulos, M.I.; Barnes, R.M.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Two-dimensional modeling of high plasma density inductively coupled sources for materials processing  

SciTech Connect

Inductively coupled plasma sources are being developed to address the need for high plasma density (10[sup 11]--10[sup 12] cm[sup [minus]3]), low pressure (a few to 10--20 mTorr) etching of semiconductor materials. One such device uses a flat spiral coil of rectangular cross section to generate radio-frequency (rf) electric fields in a cylindrical plasma chamber, and capacitive rf biasing on the substrate to independently control ion energies incident on the wafer. To investigate these devices we have developed a two-dimensional hybrid model consisting of electromagnetic, electron Monte Carlo, and hydrodynamic modules; and an off line plasma chemistry Monte Carlo simulation. The results from the model for plasma densities, plasma potentials, and ion fluxes for Ar, O[sub 2], Ar/CF[sub 4]/O[sub 2] gas mixtures will be presented.

Ventzek, P.L.G.; Hoekstra, R.J.; Kushner, M.J. (Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois 61801 (United States))

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Two-dimensional fluid model simulation of bell jar top inductively coupled plasma  

SciTech Connect

In the present paper, argon (Ar) plasmas in a bell jar inductively coupled plasma (ICP) source are systematically studied over pressures from 5 to 20 mtorr and power inputs from 0.2 to 0.5 kW. In this study, both a two-dimensional (2-D) fluid model simulation and global model calculation are compared. The 2-D fluid model simulation with a self-consistent power deposition is developed to describe the Ar plasma behavior as well as predict the plasma parameter distributions. Finally, a quantitative comparison between the global model and the fluid model is made to test their validity. Low-pressure ICP has been employed for etching processing for the last few years.

Wu, H.M.; Yu, B.W. [CFD Research Corp., Huntsville, AL (United States); Li, M. [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Chemical Engineering; Yang, Y. [Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing (China). Inst. of Mechanics

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

A comprehensive study of different gases in inductively coupled plasma torch operating at one atmosphere  

SciTech Connect

A numerical study is done to understand the possible operating regimes of RF-ICP torch (3 MHz, 50 kW) using different gases for plasma formation at atmospheric pressure. A two dimensional numerical simulation of RF-ICP torch using argon, nitrogen, oxygen, and air as plasma gas has been investigated using computational fluid dynamic (CFD) software fluent{sup (c)}. The operating parameters varied here are central gas flow, sheath gas flow, RF-power dissipated in plasma, and plasma gas. The temperature contours, flow field, axial, and radial velocity profiles were investigated under different operating conditions. The plasma resistance, inductance of the torch, and the heat distribution for various plasma gases have also been investigated. The plasma impedance of ICP torch varies with different operating parameters and plays an important role for RF oscillator design and power coupling. These studies will be useful to decide the design criteria for ICP torches required for different material processing applications.

Punjabi, Sangeeta B. [Electrical Engineering Department, V. J.T.I, Matunga, Mumbai 400019 (India); Department of Physics, University of Mumbai, Kalina, Santacruz(E) 400098 (India); Joshi, N. K. [Faculty of Engineering and technology, MITS, lakshmangarh, (Sikar), Rajasthan 332311 (India); Mangalvedekar, H. A.; Lande, B. K. [Electrical Engineering Department, V. J.T.I, Matunga, Mumbai 400019 (India); Das, A. K. [Laser and Plasma Technology Division, BARC, Mumbai 400085 (India); Kothari, D. C. [Department of Physics, University of Mumbai, Kalina, Santacruz(E) 400098 (India)

2012-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inductively coupled plasma-atomic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Separation Of Uranium And Plutonium Isotopes For Measurement By Multi Collector Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectroscopy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Uranium (U) and plutonium (Pu) isotopes in coral soils, contaminated by nuclear weapons testing in the northern Marshall Islands, were isolated by ion-exchange chromatography and analyzed by mass spectrometry. The soil samples were spiked with {sup 233}U and {sup 242}Pu tracers, dissolved in minerals acids, and U and Pu isotopes isolated and purified on commercially available ion-exchange columns. The ion-exchange technique employed a TEVA{reg_sign} column coupled to a UTEVA{reg_sign} column. U and Pu isotope fractions were then further isolated using separate elution schemes, and the purified fractions containing U and Pu isotopes analyzed sequentially using multi-collector inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer (MCICP-MS). High precision measurements of {sup 234}U/{sup 235}U, {sup 238}U/{sup 235}U, {sup 236}U/{sup 235}U, and {sup 240}Pu/{sup 239}Pu in soil samples were attained using the described methodology and instrumentation, and provide a basis for conducting more detailed assessments of the behavior and transfer of uranium and plutonium in the environment.

Martinelli, R E; Hamilton, T F; Williams, R W; Kehl, S R

2009-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

42

Studies of selenium and xenon in inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry  

SciTech Connect

Since its development, inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) has been a widely used analytical technique. ICP-MS offers low detection limits, easy determination of isotope ratios, and simple mass spectra from analyte elements. ICP-MS has been successfully employed for many applications including geological, environmental, biological, metallurgical, food, medical, and industrial. One specific application important to many areas of study involves elemental speciation by using ICP-MS as an element specific detector interfaced to liquid chromatography. Elemental speciation information is important and cannot be obtained by atomic spectrometric methods alone which measure only the total concentration of the element present. Part 1 of this study describes the speciation of selenium in human serum by size exclusion chromatography (SEC) and detection by ICP-MS. Although ICP-MS has been widely sued, room for improvement still exists. Difficulties in ICP-MS include noise in the background, matrix effects, clogging of the sampling orifice with deposited solids, and spectral interference caused by polyatomic ions. Previous work has shown that the addition of xenon into the central channel of the ICP decreases polyatomic ion levels. In Part 2 of this work, a fundamental study involving the measurement of the excitation temperature is carried out to further understand xenon`s role in the reduction of polyatomic ions. 155 refs.

Bricker, T.

1994-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

43

Fundamental and methodological investigations for the improvement of elemental analysis by inductively coupled plasma mass soectrometry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This dissertation describes a variety of studies meant to improve the analytical performance of inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) and laser ablation (LA) ICP-MS. The emission behavior of individual droplets and LA generated particles in an ICP is studied using a high-speed, high frame rate digital camera. Phenomena are observed during the ablation of silicate glass that would cause elemental fractionation during analysis by ICP-MS. Preliminary work for ICP torch developments specifically tailored for the improvement of LA sample introduction are presented. An abnormal scarcity of metal-argon polyatomic ions (MAr{sup +}) is observed during ICP-MS analysis. Evidence shows that MAr{sup +} ions are dissociated by collisions with background gas in a shockwave near the tip of the skimmer cone. Method development towards the improvement of LA-ICP-MS for environmental monitoring is described. A method is developed to trap small particles in a collodion matrix and analyze each particle individually by LA-ICP-MS.

Ebert, Christopher Hysjulien [Ames Laboratory

2012-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

44

Coupled simulation of an indirect field oriented controlled induction motor drive.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Conventionally, system simulations of induction motor drives use lumped parameters model of the motor. This approach assumes motor parameters to be constant during the entire… (more)

Legesse, Michael.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Innovative Carbon Dioxide Sequestration from Flue Gas Using an In-Duct Scrubber Coupled with Alkaline Clay Mineralization  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Innovative Carbon Dioxide Sequestration Innovative Carbon Dioxide Sequestration from Flue Gas Using an In-Duct Scrubber Coupled with Alkaline Clay Mineralization Background The United States Department of Energy (DOE) is leading an effort to find novel approaches to reduce carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) emissions from industrial sources. The Industrial Carbon Capture and Sequestration (ICCS) program is funded by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) to encourage development of processes that

46

A spectral Galerkin method for the coupled Orr-Sommerfeld and induction equations for free-surface MHD  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We develop and test spectral Galerkin schemes to solve the coupled Orr-Sommerfeld and induction equations for parallel, incompressible MHD in free-surface and fixed-boundary geometries. The schemes' discrete bases consist of Legendre internal shape functions, ... Keywords: 65L15, 65L60, 76E05, 76E17, 76E25, Eigenvalue problems, Free-surface MHD, Hydrodynamic stability, Orr-Sommerfeld equations, Spectral Galerkin method

Dimitrios Giannakis; Paul F. Fischer; Robert Rosner

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Investigation of magnetic-pole-enhanced inductively coupled nitrogen-argon plasmas  

SciTech Connect

This article presented the features of the mixed mode and H mode in magnetic pole enhanced, inductively coupled Ar-N{sub 2} plasmas using RF-compensated Langmuir probe measurements. To fully characterize plasma parameters and electron energy probability functions (EEPFs), the gas pressure and argon content were varied. It was observed that with increasing the nitrogen content and gas pressure, the critical RF power to sustain H mode increases; this increase was more prominent for pure nitrogen discharge at higher pressure. The electron number density (n{sub e}) shows increasing trend with increasing RF power, while at higher gas pressures, the electron number density decreases at fixed RF power. Mostly, the EEPFs show a Maxwellian distribution even at low RF power (for higher argon content in the discharge) and at moderate RF power (for higher or pure nitrogen content in the discharge) for pressures of 15-60 mTorr. With increasing the nitrogen content in the mixture, the low energy part of the EEPF is more Druyvesteyn with a distorted high energy tail at low RF power. At fixed RF power, the slope of EEPF changes sharply with increasing pressure. It was observed that in hybrid mode, the EEPF at higher gas pressure (75 mTorr) in a pure nitrogen discharge shows a flat hole near the average electron energy of 3 eV and changes to Maxwellian distribution in H mode. The skin depth versus RF power shows that the skin depth is smaller than the critical dimension of the chamber, regardless of the gas type and the gas pressure.

Jan, F.; Zakaullah, M. [Department of Physics, Quaid-i-Azam University Islamabad, Islamabad 45320 (Pakistan); Khan, A. W.; Saeed, A. [National Centre for Physics, Quaid-i-Azam University Campus Islamabad, Islamabad 45320 (Pakistan)

2012-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

48

{sup 99}Tc bioassay by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A means of analyzing {sup 99}Tc in urine by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) has been developed. Historically, {sup 99}Tc analysis was based on the radiometric detection of the 293 keV E{sub Max} beta decay product by liquid scintillation or gas flow proportional counting. In a urine matrix, the analysis of{sup 99}Tc is plagued with many difficulties using conventional radiometric methods. Difficulties originate during chemical separation due to the volatile nature of Tc{sub 2}O{sub 7} or during radiation detection due to color or chemical quenching. A separation scheme for {sup 99}Tc detection by ICP-MS is given and is proven to be a sensitive and robust analytical alternative. A comparison of methods using radiometric and mass quantitation of {sup 99}Tc has been conducted in water, artificial urine, and real urine matrices at activity levels between 700 and 2,200 dpm/L. Liquid scintillation results based on an external standard quench correction and a quench curve correction method are compared to results obtained by ICP-MS. Each method produced accurate results, however the precision of the ICP-MS results is superior to that of liquid scintillation results. Limits of detection (LOD) for ICP-MS and liquid scintillation detection are 14.67 and 203.4 dpm/L, respectively, in a real urine matrix. In order to determine the basis for the increased precision of the ICP-MS results, the detection sensitivity for each method is derived and measured. The detection sensitivity for the {sup 99}Tc isotope by ICP-MS is 2.175 x 10{sup {minus}7} {+-} 8.990 x 10{sup {minus}9} and by liquid scintillation is 7.434 x 10{sup {minus}14} {+-} 7.461 x 10{sup {minus}15}. A difference by seven orders of magnitude between the two detection systems allows ICP-MS samples to be analyzed for a period of 15 s compared to 3,600 s by liquid scintillation counting with a lower LOD.

Lewis, L.A.

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

TEST OF THE PERFORMANCE AND CHARACTERISTICS OF A PROTOTYPE INDUCTIVE POWER COUPLING FOR ELECTRIC HIGHWAY SYSTEMS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

nominal o Field excitation, DC volts XBL 786-9048 Figure 13.JL- ..L. _ Induced volts per turn XBL 786-9054 Figuresystem efficiency vs induced volts per turn in coupling with

Bolger, J.G.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Dry etching of CoFe films using a CH{sub 4}/Ar inductively coupled plasma for magnetic random access memory application  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study, the CoFe thin film was studied using an inductively coupled plasma system in CH{sub 4}-based gas chemistries. The etch rate of the CoFe thin film was systemically studied by the process parameters including the gas mixing ratio, the rf power, the dc-bias power, and the process pressure. The best gas composition for etching was in CH{sub 4} (20%)/Ar (80%) ratio. As the rf power and the dc-bias voltage were increased, the etch rate of the CoFe thin film increased in a CH{sub 4}/Ar inductively coupled plasma system. The best process pressure condition for etching was 10 mTorr in the CH{sub 4}/Ar inductively coupled plasma system. The changes in the components on the surface of the CoFe thin film were investigated with energy dispersive x ray.

Um, Doo-Seung; Kim, Dong-Pyo; Woo, Jong-Chang; Kim, Chang-Il; Lee, Sung-Kwon; Jung, Tae-Woo; Moon, Seung-Chan [School of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Chung-Ang University, 221 Heukseok-Dong, Dongjak-Gu, Seoul 156-756 (Korea, Republic of); Hynix Semiconductor Inc., San 136-1, Ami-ri, Bubal-eub, Icheon-si, Kyoungki-do 467-701 (Korea, Republic of)

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

51

Cl{sub 2}-based dry etching of the AlGaInN system in inductively coupled plasmas  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Cl{sub 2}-based Inductively Coupled Plasmas with low additional dc self- biases(-100V) produce convenient etch rates(500-1500 A /min) for GaN, AlN, InN, InAlN and InGaN. A systematic study of the effects of additive gas(Ar, N{sub 2}, H{sub 2}), discharge composition and ICP source power and chuck power on etch rate and surface morphology has been performed. The general trends are to go through a maximum in etch rate with percent Cl{sub 2} in the discharge for all three mixtures, and to have an increase(decrease) in etch rate with source power(pressure). Since the etching is strongly ion-assisted, anisotropic pattern transfer is readily achieved. Maximum etch selectivities of approximately 6 for InN over the other nitrides were obtained.

Cho, Hyun; Vartuli, C.B.; Abernathy, C.R.; Donovan, S.M.; Pearton, S.J. [Florida Univ., Gainesville, FL (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering; Shul, R.J.; Han, J. [Sandia National Labs., NM (United States)

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Style Guide for Word Users for the NIST Special Publication ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... suppressant, performing a full battery of screening ... continuing market in a chemical with ... inductively-coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy ...

2011-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

53

Apparatus and method for reducing inductive coupling between levitation and drive coils within a magnetic propulsion system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus and method is disclosed for reducing inductive coupling between levitation and drive coils within a magnetic levitation system. A pole array has a magnetic field. A levitation coil is positioned so that in response to motion of the magnetic field of the pole array a current is induced in the levitation coil. A first drive coil having a magnetic field coupled to drive the pole array also has a magnetic flux which induces a parasitic current in the levitation coil. A second drive coil having a magnetic field is positioned to attenuate the parasitic current in the levitation coil by canceling the magnetic flux of the first drive coil which induces the parasitic current. Steps in the method include generating a magnetic field with a pole array for levitating an object; inducing current in a levitation coil in response to motion of the magnetic field of the pole array; generating a magnetic field with a first drive coil for propelling the object; and generating a magnetic field with a second drive coil for attenuating effects of the magnetic field of the first drive coil on the current in the levitation coil.

Post, Richard F. (Walnut Creek, CA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Determination of total chlorine and bromine in solid wastes by sintering and inductively coupled plasma-sector field mass spectrometry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A sample preparation method based on sintering, followed by analysis by inductively coupled plasma-sector field mass spectrometry (ICP-SFMS) for the simultaneous determination of chloride and bromide in diverse and mixed solid wastes, has been evaluated. Samples and reference materials of known composition were mixed with a sintering agent containing Na{sub 2}CO{sub 3} and ZnO and placed in an oven at 560 deg. C for 1 h. After cooling, the residues were leached with water prior to a cation-exchange assisted clean-up. Alternatively, a simple microwave-assisted digestion using only nitric acid was applied for comparison. Thereafter the samples were prepared for quantitative analysis by ICP-SFMS. The sintering method was evaluated by analysis of certified reference materials (CRMs) and by comparison with US EPA Method 5050 and ion chromatography with good agreement. Median RSDs for the sintering method were determined to 10% for both chlorine and bromine, and median recovery to 96% and 97%, respectively. Limits of detection (LODs) were 200 mg/kg for chlorine and 20 mg/kg for bromine. It was concluded that the sintering method is suitable for chlorine and bromine determination in several matrices like sewage sludge, plastics, and edible waste, as well as for waste mixtures. The sintering method was also applied for determination of other elements present in anionic forms, such as sulfur, arsenic, selenium and iodine.

Osterlund, Helene [Division of Applied Geology, Lulea University of Technology, S-971 87 Lulea (Sweden); ALS Scandinavia AB, ALS Laboratory Group, Aurorum 10, S-977 75 Lulea (Sweden)], E-mail: Helene.Osterlund@alsglobal.com; Rodushkin, Ilia [Division of Applied Geology, Lulea University of Technology, S-971 87 Lulea (Sweden); ALS Scandinavia AB, ALS Laboratory Group, Aurorum 10, S-977 75 Lulea (Sweden); Ylinenjaervi, Karin; Baxter, Douglas C. [ALS Scandinavia AB, ALS Laboratory Group, Aurorum 10, S-977 75 Lulea (Sweden)

2009-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

55

RAPID DETERMINATION OF 237 NP AND PU ISOTOPES IN WATER BY INDUCTIVELY COUPLED PLASMA MASS SPECTROMETRY AND ALPHA SPECTROMETRY  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new method that allows rapid preconcentration and separation of plutonium and neptunium in water samples was developed for the measurement of {sup 237}Np and Pu isotopes by inductively-coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) and alpha spectrometry; a hybrid approach. {sup 238}U can interfere with {sup 239}Pu measurement by ICP-MS as {sup 238}UH{sup +} mass overlap and {sup 237}Np via peak tailing. The method provide enhanced removal of uranium by separating Pu and Np initially on TEVA Resin, then moving Pu to DGA resin for additional removal of uranium. The decontamination factor for uranium from Pu is almost 100,000 and the decontamination factor for U from Np is greater than 10,000. This method uses stacked extraction chromatography cartridges and vacuum box technology to facilitate rapid separations. Preconcentration is performed using a streamlined calcium phosphate precipitation method. Purified solutions are split between ICP-MS and alpha spectrometry so that long and short-lived Pu isotopes can be measured successfully. The method allows for simultaneous extraction of 20 samples (including QC samples) in 4 to 6 hours, and can also be used for emergency response. {sup 239}Pu, {sup 242}Pu and {sup 237}Np were measured by ICP-MS, while {sup 236}Pu, {sup 238}Pu, and {sup 239}Pu were measured by alpha spectrometry.

Maxwell, S.; Jones, V.; Culligan, B.; Nichols, S.; Noyes, G.

2010-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

56

DETERMINATION OF 237NP AND PU ISOTOPES IN LARGE SOIL SAMPLES BY INDUCTIVELY COUPLED PLASMA MASS SPECTROMETRY  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new method for the determination of {sup 237}Np and Pu isotopes in large soil samples has been developed that provides enhanced uranium removal to facilitate assay by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). This method allows rapid preconcentration and separation of plutonium and neptunium in large soil samples for the measurement of {sup 237}Np and Pu isotopes by ICP-MS. {sup 238}U can interfere with {sup 239}Pu measurement by ICP-MS as {sup 238}UH{sup +} mass overlap and {sup 237}Np via {sup 238}U peak tailing. The method provides enhanced removal of uranium by separating Pu and Np initially on TEVA Resin, then transferring Pu to DGA resin for additional purification. The decontamination factor for removal of uranium from plutonium for this method is greater than 1 x 10{sup 6}. Alpha spectrometry can also be applied so that the shorter-lived {sup 238}Pu isotope can be measured successfully. {sup 239}Pu, {sup 242}Pu and {sup 237}Np were measured by ICP-MS, while {sup 236}Pu and {sup 238}Pu were measured by alpha spectrometry.

Maxwell, S.

2010-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

57

Interlaboratory Validation of EPA 1600 Series Methods: Draft EPA Method 1638 for Analysis of Metals in Water by Inductively Coupled Plasma -- Mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Federal and state permits are requiring wastewater dischargers to monitor for ever lower concentrations of trace metals, in some cases at levels that may preclude reliable measurement. In this joint EPA-EPRI interlaboratory data collection effort, eight laboratories evaluated draft EPA Method 1638: Determination of Trace Elements in Ambient Water by Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometry. This method is intended for the analysis of low levels (parts per trillion) of antimony, cadmium, copper, lead,...

2000-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

58

Development of vacuum ultraviolet absorption spectroscopy system for wide measurement range of number density using a dual-tube inductively coupled plasma light source  

SciTech Connect

A vacuum ultraviolet absorption spectroscopy system for a wide measurement range of atomic number densities is developed. Dual-tube inductively coupled plasma was used as a light source. The probe beam profile was optimized for the target number density range by changing the mass flow rate of the inner and outer tubes. This system was verified using cold xenon gas. As a result, the measurement number density range was extended from the conventional two orders to five orders of magnitude.

Kuwahara, Akira; Matsui, Makoto; Yamagiwa, Yoshiki [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Shizuoka University, 3-5-4 Johoku, Naka-ku, Hamamatsu 432-8561, Shizuoka (Japan)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

59

COUPLING  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This patent relates to a releasable coupling connecting a control rod to a control rod drive. This remotely operable coupling mechanism can connect two elements which are laterally and angviarly misaligned, and provides a means for sensing the locked condition of the elements. The coupling utilizes a spherical bayonet joint which is locked against rotation by a ball detent lock. (AEC)

Hawke, B.C.

1963-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

60

Fundamental studies of the plasma extraction and ion beam formation processes in inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry  

SciTech Connect

The fundamental and practical aspects are described for extracting ions from atmospheric pressure plasma sources into an analytical mass spectrometer. Methodologies and basic concepts of inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) are emphasized in the discussion, including ion source, sampling interface, supersonic expansion, slumming process, ion optics and beam focusing, and vacuum considerations. Some new developments and innovative designs are introduced. The plasma extraction process in ICP-MS was investigated by Langmuir measurements in the region between the skimmer and first ion lens. Electron temperature (T{sub e}) is in the range 2000--11000 K and changes with probe position inside an aerosol gas flow. Electron density (n{sub e}) is in the range 10{sup 8}--10{sup 10} {sup {minus}cm }at the skimmer tip and drops abruptly to 10{sup 6}--10{sup 8} cm{sup {minus}3} near the skimmer tip and drops abruptly to 10{sup 6}--10{sup 8} cm{sup {minus}3} downstream further behind the skimmer. Electron density in the beam leaving the skimmer also depends on water loading and on the presence and mass of matrix elements. Axially resolved distributions of electron number-density and electron temperature were obtained to characterize the ion beam at a variety of plasma operating conditions. The electron density dropped by a factor of 101 along the centerline between the sampler and skimmer cones in the first stage and continued to drop by factors of 10{sup 4}--10{sup 5} downstream of skimmer to the entrance of ion lens. The electron density in the beam expansion behind sampler cone exhibited a 1/z{sup 2} intensity fall-off (z is the axial position). An second beam expansion originated from the skimmer entrance, and the beam flow underwent with another 1/z{sup 2} fall-off behind the skimmer. Skimmer interactions play an important role in plasma extraction in the ICP-MS instrument.

Niu, Hongsen

1995-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inductively coupled plasma-atomic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

DOI: 10.1021/bi101428e Hydrogen Bonding in the Active Site of Ketosteroid Isomerase: Electronic Inductive Effects and Hydrogen Bond Coupling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ABSTRACT: Computational studies are performed to analyze the physical properties of hydrogen bonds donated by Tyr16 and Asp103 to a series of substituted phenolate inhibitors bound in the active site of ketosteroid isomerase (KSI). As the solution pKa of the phenolate increases, these hydrogen bond distances decrease, the associated nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) chemical shifts increase, and the fraction of protonated inhibitor increases, in agreement with prior experiments. The quantum mechanical/molecular mechanical calculations provide insight into the electronic inductive effects along the hydrogen bonding network that includes Tyr16, Tyr57, and Tyr32, as well as insight into hydrogen bond coupling in the active site. The calculations predict that the most-downfield NMR chemical shift observed experimentally corresponds to the Tyr16-phenolate hydrogen bond and that Tyr16 is the proton donor when a bound naphtholate inhibitor is observed to be protonated in electronic absorption experiments. According to these calculations, the electronic inductive effects along the hydrogen bonding network of tyrosines cause the Tyr16 hydroxyl to be more acidic than the Asp103 carboxylic acid moiety, which is immersed in a relatively nonpolar environment. When one of the distal tyrosine residues in the network is mutated to phenylalanine, thereby diminishing this inductive effect, the Tyr16-phenolate hydrogen bond becomes longer and the Asp103-phenolate hydrogen bond shorter, as observed in NMR experiments. Furthermore, the calculations suggest that

Philip Hanoian; Paul A. Sigala; Daniel Herschlag; Sharon Hammes-schiffer

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Stress-induced VO{sub 2} films with M2 monoclinic phase stable at room temperature grown by inductively coupled plasma-assisted reactive sputtering  

SciTech Connect

We report on growth of VO{sub 2} films with M2 monoclinic phase stable at room temperature under atmospheric pressure. The films were grown on quartz glass and Si substrates by using an inductively coupled plasma-assisted reactive sputtering method. XRD-sin{sup 2}{Psi} measurements revealed that the films with M2 phase are under compressive stress in contrast to tensile stress of films with M1 phase. Scanning electron microscopy observations revealed characteristic crystal grain aspects with formation of periodical twin structure of M2 phase. Structural phase transition from M2 to tetragonal phases, accompanied by a resistance change, was confirmed to occur as the temperature rises. Growth of VO{sub 2} films composed of M2 phase crystalline is of strong interest for clarifying nature of Mott transition of strongly correlated materials.

Okimura, Kunio; Watanabe, Tomo [School of Engineering, Tokai University, 4-1-1 Kitakaname, Hiratsuka, Kanagawa 259-1292 (Japan); Sakai, Joe [GREMAN, UMR 7347 CNRS, Universite Francois Rabelais de Tours, Parc de Grandmont 37200 Tours (France)

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Laser ablation-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry: Examinations of the origins of polyatomic ions and advances in the sampling of particulates  

SciTech Connect

This dissertation provides a general introduction to Inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) and laser ablation (LA) sampling, with an examination of analytical challenges in the employment of this technique. It discusses the origin of metal oxide ions (MO+) in LA-ICP-MS, as well as the effect of introducing helium and nitrogen to the aerosol gas flow on the formation of these polyatomic interferences. It extends the study of polyatomic ions in LA-ICP-MS to metal argide (MAr+) species, an additional source of possible significant interferences in the spectrum. It describes the application of fs-LA-ICP-MS to the determination of uranium isotope ratios in particulate samples.

Witte, Travis

2011-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

64

Inductively coupled plasma spectrometry: Noise characteristics of aerosols, application of generalized standard additions method, and Mach disk as an emission source  

SciTech Connect

This dissertation is focused on three problem areas in the performance of inductively coupled plasma (ICP) source. The noise characteristics of aerosols produced by ICP nebulizers are investigated. A laser beam is scattered by aerosol and detected by a photomultiplier tube and the noise amplitude spectrum of the scattered radiation is measured by a spectrum analyzer. Discrete frequency noise in the aerosol generated by a Meinhard nebulizer or a direct injection nebulizer is primarily caused by pulsation in the liquid flow from the pump. A Scott-type spray chamber suppresses white noise, while a conical, straight-pass spray chamber enhances white noise, relative to the noise seen from the primary aerosol. Simultaneous correction for both spectral interferences and matrix effects in ICP atomic emission spectrometry (AES) can be accomplished by using the generalized standard additions method (GSAM). Results obtained with the application of the GSAM to the Perkin-Elmer Optima 3000 ICP atomic emission spectrometer are presented. The echelle-based polychromator with segmented-array charge-coupled device detectors enables the direct, visual examination of the overlapping lines Cd (1) 228.802 nm and As (1) 228.812 nm. The slit translation capability allows a large number of data points to be sampled, therefore, the advantage of noise averaging is gained. An ICP is extracted into a small quartz vacuum chamber through a sampling orifice in a water-cooled copper plate. Optical emission from the Mach disk region is measured with a new type of echelle spectrometer equipped with two segmented-array charge-coupled-device detectors, with an effort to improve the detection limits for simultaneous multielement analysis by ICP-AES.

Shen, Luan

1995-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

65

Wafer heating mechanisms in a molecular gas, inductively coupled plasma: in situ, real time wafer surface measurements and three-dimensional thermal modeling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors report measurements and modeling of wafer heating mechanisms in an Ar/O{sub 2} inductively coupled plasma (ICP). The authors employed a commercially available on-wafer sensor system (PlasmaTemp developed by KLA-Tencor) consisting of an on-board electronics module housing battery power and data storage with 30 temperature sensors embedded onto the wafer at different radial positions. This system allows for real time, in situ wafer temperature measurements. Wafer heating mechanisms were investigated by combining temperature measurements from the PlasmaTemp sensor wafer with a three-dimensional heat transfer model of the wafer and a model of the ICP. Comparisons between pure Ar and Ar/O{sub 2} discharges demonstrated that two additional wafer heating mechanisms can be important in molecular gas plasmas compared to atomic gas discharges. The two mechanisms are heating from the gas phase and O-atom surface recombination. These mechanisms were shown to contribute as much as 60% to wafer heating under conditions of low bias power. This study demonstrated how the 'on-wafer' temperature sensor not only yields a temperature profile distribution across the wafer, but can be used to help determine plasma characteristics, such as ion flux profiles or plasma processing temperatures.

Titus, M. J.; Graves, D. B. [Department of Chemical Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)

2008-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

66

Etching characteristics and mechanisms of SiC thin films in inductively-coupled HBr-Ar, N{sub 2}, O{sub 2} plasmas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Etch characteristics and mechanisms of SiC thin films in HBr-Ar, HBr-N{sub 2}, and HBr-O{sub 2} inductively-coupled plasmas were studied using a combination of experimental and modeling methods. The etch rates of SiC thin films were measured as functions of the additive gas fraction in the range of 0-100% for Ar, N{sub 2}, and O{sub 2} at a fixed gas pressure (6 mTorr), input power (700 W), bias power (200 W), and total gas flow rate (40 sccm). The plasma chemistry was analyzed using Langmuir probe diagnostics and a global (zero-dimensional) plasma model. The good agreement between the behaviors of the SiC etch rate and the H atom flux could suggest that a chemical etch pathway is rather controlled by the gasification of carbon through the CH{sub x} or CH{sub x}Br{sub y} compounds.

Efremov, Alexander; Kang, Sungchil; Kwon, Kwang-Ho; Seok Choi, Won [Department of Electronic Devices and Materials Technology, State University of Chemistry and Technology, 7 F. Engels St., 153000 Ivanovo (Russian Federation); Department of Control and Instrumentation Engineering, Korea University, Chungnam 339-700 (Korea, Republic of); Department of Electrical Engineering, Hanbat National University, Daejeon 305-719 (Korea, Republic of)

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

67

Induction Melting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...form part of a resonance circuit. In a series inverter, the capacitors are connected in series with the induction

68

Current developments in laser ablation-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry for use in geology, forensics, and nuclear nonproliferation research  

SciTech Connect

This dissertation focused on new applications of laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS). The diverse fields that were investigated show the versatility of the technique. In Chapter 2, LA-ICP-MS was used to investigate the rare earth element (REE) profiles of garnets from the Broken Hill Deposit in New South Wales, Australia. The normalized REE profiles helped to shed new light on the formation of deposits of sulfide ores. This information may be helpful in identifying the location of sulfide ore deposits in other locations. New sources of metals such as Pg, Zn, and Ag, produced from these ores, are needed to sustain our current technological society. The application of LA-ICP-MS presented in Chapter 3 is the forensics analysis of automotive putty and caulking. The elemental analysis of these materials was combined with the use of Principal Components Analysis (PCA). The PCA comparison was able to differentiate the automotive putty samples by manufacturer and lot number. The analysis of caulk was able to show a differentiation based on manufacturer, but no clear differentiation was shown by lot number. This differentiation may allow matching of evidence in the future. This will require many more analyses and the construction of a database made up of many different samples. The 4th chapter was a study of the capabilities of LA-ICP-MS for fast and precise analysis of particle ensembles for nuclear nonproliferation applications. Laser ablation has the ability to spatially resolve particle ensembles which may contain uranium or other actinides from other particles present in a sample. This is of importance in samples obtained from air on filter media. The particle ensembles of interest may be mixed in amongst dust and other particulates. A problem arises when ablating these particle ensembles directly from the filter media. Dust particles other than ones of interest may be accidentally entrained in the aerosol of the ablated particle ensemble. This would cause the analysis to be skewed. The use of a gelatin substrate allows the ablation a particle ensemble without disturbing other particles or the gelatin surface. A method to trap and ablate particles on filter paper using collodion was also investigated. The laser was used to dig through the collodion layer and into the particle ensemble. Both of these methods fix particles to allow spatial resolution of the particle ensembles. The use of vanillic acid as a possible enhancement to ablation was also studied. A vanillic acid coating of the particles fixed on top of the gelatin substrate was not found to have any positive effect on either signal intensity or precision. The mixing of vanillic acid in the collodion solution used to coat the filter paper increased ablation signal intensity by a factor of 4 to 5. There was little effect on precision, though. The collodion on filter paper method and the gelatin method of resolving particles have shown themselves to be possible tools in fighting proliferation of nuclear weapons and material. Future applications of LA-ICP-MS are only limited by the imagination of the investigator. Any material that can be ablated and aerosolized is a potential material for analysis by LA-ICP-MS. Improvements in aerosol transport, ablation chamber design, and laser focusing can make possible the ablation and analysis of very small amounts of material. This may perhaps lead to more possible uses in forensics. A similar method to the one used in Chapter 3 could perhaps be used to match drug residue to the place of origin. Perhaps a link could be made based on the elements leached from the soil by plants used to make drugs. This may have a specific pattern based on where the plant was grown. Synthetic drugs are produced in clandestine laboratories that are often times very dirty. The dust, debris, and unique materials in the lab environment could create enough variance to perhaps match drugs produced there to samples obtained off the street. Even if the match was not strong enough to be evidence, the knowledge that many sa

Messerly, Joshua D.

2008-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

69

Original article: An efficient, simplified multiple-coupled circuit model of the induction motor aimed to simulate different types of stator faults  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper proposes an original simplified model aimed to simulate, an easy way, inter turns short circuit fault, phase to phase fault and phase to ground fault. In this model, the stator is considered as six magnetically coupled windings and the rotor ... Keywords: Fault diagnosis, Inter turns short circuit fault, Phase to ground fault, Phase to phase fault, Symmetrical components

M. Bouzid, G. Champenois

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Induction plasma tube  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An induction plasma tube having a segmented, fluid-cooled internal radiation shield is disclosed. The individual segments are thick in cross-section such that the shield occupies a substantial fraction of the internal volume of the plasma enclosure, resulting in improved performance and higher sustainable plasma temperatures. The individual segments of the shield are preferably cooled by means of a counterflow fluid cooling system wherein each segment includes a central bore and a fluid supply tube extending into the bore. The counterflow cooling system results in improved cooling of the individual segments and also permits use of relatively larger shield segments which permit improved electromagnetic coupling between the induction coil and a plasma located inside the shield. Four embodiments of the invention, each having particular advantages, are disclosed.

Hull, D.E.

1982-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

71

Induction plasma tube  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An induction plasma tube having a segmented, fluid-cooled internal radiation shield is disclosed. The individual segments are thick in cross-section such that the shield occupies a substantial fraction of the internal volume of the plasma enclosure, resulting in improved performance and higher sustainable plasma temperatures. The individual segments of the shield are preferably cooled by means of a counterflow fluid cooling system wherein each segment includes a central bore and a fluid supply tube extending into the bore. The counterflow cooling system results in improved cooling of the individual segments and also permits use of relatively larger shield segments which permit improved electromagnetic coupling between the induction coil and a plasma located inside the shield. Four embodiments of the invention, each having particular advantages, are disclosed.

Hull, Donald E. (Los Alamos, NM)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Inductive tuners for microwave driven discharge lamps  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An RF powered electrodeless lamp utilizing an inductive tuner in the waveguide which couples the RF power to the lamp cavity, for reducing reflected RF power and causing the lamp to operate efficiently.

Simpson, James E. (Gaithersburg, MD)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Fabrication of ZnO photonic crystals by nanosphere lithography using inductively coupled-plasma reactive ion etching with CH{sub 4}/H{sub 2}/Ar plasma on the ZnO/GaN heterojunction light emitting diodes  

SciTech Connect

This article reports fabrication of n-ZnO photonic crystal/p-GaN light emitting diode (LED) by nanosphere lithography to further booster the light efficiency. In this article, the fabrication of ZnO photonic crystals is carried out by nanosphere lithography using inductively coupled plasma reactive ion etching with CH{sub 4}/H{sub 2}/Ar plasma on the n-ZnO/p-GaN heterojunction LEDs. The CH{sub 4}/H{sub 2}/Ar mixed gas gives high etching rate of n-ZnO film, which yields a better surface morphology and results less plasma-induced damages of the n-ZnO film. Optimal ZnO lattice parameters of 200 nm and air fill factor from 0.35 to 0.65 were obtained from fitting the spectrum of n-ZnO/p-GaN LED using a MATLAB code. In this article, we will show our recent result that a ZnO photonic crystal cylinder has been fabricated using polystyrene nanosphere mask with lattice parameter of 200 nm and radius of hole around 70 nm. Surface morphology of ZnO photonic crystal was examined by scanning electron microscope.

Chen, Shr-Jia; Chang, Chun-Ming; Kao, Jiann-Shiun; Chen, Fu-Rong; Tsai, Chuen-Horng [Engineering and System Science, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu, 30013 Taiwan (China); Instrument Technology Research Center, National Applied Research Laboratories, Hsinchu, 300 Taiwan (China); Engineering and System Science, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu, 30013 Taiwan (China)

2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

74

Induction machine  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A polyphase rotary induction machine for use as a motor or generator utilizing a single rotor assembly having two series connected sets of rotor windings, a first stator winding disposed around the first rotor winding and means for controlling the current induced in one set of the rotor windings compared to the current induced in the other set of the rotor windings. The rotor windings may be wound rotor windings or squirrel cage windings.

Owen, Whitney H. (Ogden, UT)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Effect of O{sub 2} gas partial pressure on mechanical properties of Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} films deposited by inductively coupled plasma-assisted radio frequency magnetron sputtering  

SciTech Connect

The effect of O{sub 2} partial pressure on the mechanical properties of Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} films is studied. Using films prepared by inductively coupled plasma-assisted radio frequency magnetron sputtering, the deposition rate of Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} decreases rapidly when oxygen is added to the argon sputtering gas. The internal stresses in the films are compressive, with magnitude decreasing steeply from 1.6 GPa for films sputtered in pure argon gas to 0.5 GPa for films sputtered in argon gas at an O{sub 2} partial pressure of 0.89 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -2} Pa. Stress increases gradually with increasing O{sub 2} partial pressure. Using a nanoindentation tester with a Berkovich indenter, film hardness was measured to be about 14 GPa for films sputtered in pure argon gas. Hardness decreases rapidly on the addition of O{sub 2} gas, but increases when the O{sub 2} partial pressure is increased. Adhesion, measured using a Vickers microhardness tester, increases with increasing O{sub 2} partial pressure. Electron probe microanalyzer measurements reveal that the argon content of films decreases with increasing O{sub 2} partial pressure, whereas the O to Al composition ratio increases from 1.15 for films sputtered in pure argon gas to 1.5 for films sputtered in argon gas at O{sub 2} partial pressures over 2.4 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -2} Pa. X-ray diffraction measurements reveal that films sputtered in pure argon gas have an amorphous crystal structure, whereas {gamma}-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} is produced for films sputtered in argon gas with added O{sub 2} gas. Atomic force microscopy observations reveal that the surface topography of sputtered Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} films changes from spherical to needlelike as O{sub 2} partial pressure is increased. Fracture cross sections of the films observed by scanning electron microscopy reveal that the film morphology exhibits no discernible features at all O{sub 2} partial pressures.

Fujiyama, Hirokazu; Sumomogi, Tsunetaka; Nakamura, Masayoshi [Faculty of Engineering, Fukuoka Institute of Technology, 3-30-1 Wajirohigashi, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka 811-0295 (Japan); Faculty of Engineering, Hiroshima Kokusai Gakuin University, 6-20-1 Nakano, Aki-ku, Hiroshima 739-0321 (Japan)

2012-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

76

CHAPTER 7. BERYLLIUM ANALYSIS BY NON-PLASMA BASED METHODS  

SciTech Connect

The most common method of analysis for beryllium is inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry (ICP-AES). This method, along with inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS), is discussed in Chapter 6. However, other methods exist and have been used for different applications. These methods include spectroscopic, chromatographic, colorimetric, and electrochemical. This chapter provides an overview of beryllium analysis methods other than plasma spectrometry (inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry or mass spectrometry). The basic methods, detection limits and interferences are described. Specific applications from the literature are also presented.

Ekechukwu, A

2009-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

77

Hybrid-secondary uncluttered induction machine  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An uncluttered secondary induction machine (100) includes an uncluttered rotating transformer (66) which is mounted on the same shaft as the rotor (73) of the induction machine. Current in the rotor (73) is electrically connected to current in the rotor winding (67) of the transformer, which is not electrically connected to, but is magnetically coupled to, a stator secondary winding (40). The stator secondary winding (40) is alternately connected to an effective resistance (41), an AC source inverter (42) or a magnetic switch (43) to provide a cost effective slip-energy-controlled, adjustable speed, induction motor that operates over a wide speed range from below synchronous speed to above synchronous speed based on the AC line frequency fed to the stator.

Hsu, John S. (Oak Ridge, TN)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Charge trapping characteristics of Au nanocrystals embedded in remote plasma atomic layer-deposited Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} film as the tunnel and blocking oxides for nonvolatile memory applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Remote plasma atomic layer deposited (RPALD) Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} films were investigated to apply as tunnel and blocking layers in the metal-oxide-semiconductor capacitor memory utilizing Au nanocrystals (NCs) for nonvolatile memory applications. The interface stability of an Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} film deposited by RPALD was studied to observe the effects of remote plasma on the interface. The interface formed during RPALD process has high oxidation states such as Si{sup +3} and Si{sup +4}, indicating that RPALD process can grow more stable interface which has a small amount of fixed oxide trap charge. The significant memory characteristics were also observed in this memory device through the electrical measurement. The memory device exhibited a relatively large memory window of 5.6 V under a 10/-10 V program/erase voltage and also showed the relatively fast programming/erasing speed and a competitive retention characteristic after 10{sup 4} s. These results indicate that Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} films deposited via RPALD can be applied as the tunnel and blocking oxides for next-generation flash memory devices.

Lee, Jaesang; Kim, Hyungchul; Park, Taeyong; Ko, Youngbin; Ryu, Jaehun; Jeon, Heeyoung; Park, Jingyu; Jeon, Hyeongtag [Department of Nano-scale Semiconductor Engineering, Hanyang University, Seoul 133-791 (Korea, Republic of); Division of Materials Science and Engineering, Hanyang University, Seoul 133-791, Korea and R and D Division, Hynix Semiconductor, Inc., Icheon, Gyeonggi-do 467-701 (Korea, Republic of); Division of Materials Science and Engineering, Hanyang University, Seoul 133-791 (Korea, Republic of); Division of Materials Science and Engineering, Hanyang University, Seoul 133-791, Korea and R and D Division, Hynix Semiconductor, Inc., Icheon, Gyeonggi-do 467-701 (Korea, Republic of); Department of Nano-scale Semiconductor Engineering, Hanyang University, Seoul 133-791 (Korea, Republic of); Department of Nano-scale Semiconductor Engineering, Hanyang University, Seoul 133-791, Korea and Division of Materials Science and Engineering, Hanyang University, Seoul 133-791 (Korea, Republic of)

2012-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

79

Linear induction accelerator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A linear induction accelerator includes a plurality of adder cavities arranged in a series and provided in a structure which is evacuated so that a vacuum inductance is provided between each adder cavity and the structure. An energy storage system for the adder cavities includes a pulsed current source and a respective plurality of bipolar converting networks connected thereto. The bipolar high-voltage, high-repetition-rate square pulse train sets and resets the cavities. 4 figs.

Buttram, M.T.; Ginn, J.W.

1988-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

80

Control of power to an inductively heated part  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process for induction hardening a part to a desired depth with an AC signal applied to the part from a closely coupled induction coil includes measuring the voltage of the AC signal at the coil and the current passing through the coil; and controlling the depth of hardening of the part from the measured voltage and current. The control system determines parameters of the part that are functions of applied voltage and current to the induction coil, and uses a neural network to control the application of the AC signal based on the detected functions for each part.

Adkins, Douglas R. (1620 Adelita Dr. NE., Albuquerque, NM 87112); Frost, Charles A. (1039 Red Oaks Loop NE., Albuquerque, NM 87122); Kahle, Philip M. (528 Longwood Loop NE., Rio Rancho, NM 87124); Kelley, J. Bruce (13200 Blue Corn Maiden Trail NE., Albuquerque, NM 87112); Stanton, Suzanne L. (2805 Palo Alto NE., Albuquerque, NM 87112)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inductively coupled plasma-atomic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Low inductance connector assembly  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A busbar connector assembly for coupling first and second terminals on a two-terminal device to first and second contacts on a power module is provided. The first terminal resides proximate the first contact and the second terminal resides proximate the second contact. The assembly comprises a first bridge having a first end configured to be electrically coupled to the first terminal, and a second end configured to be electrically coupled to the second contact, and a second bridge substantially overlapping the first bridge and having a first end electrically coupled to the first contact, and a second end electrically coupled to the second terminal.

Holbrook, Meghan Ann; Carlson, Douglas S

2013-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

82

Helix coupling  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A coupling for connecting helix members in series, which consists of a pair of U-shaped elements, one of which is attached to each helix end with the "U" sections of the elements interlocked. The coupling is particularly beneficial for interconnecting helical Nitinol elements utilized in thermal actuators or engines. Each coupling half is attached to the associated helix at two points, thereby providing axial load while being easily removed from the helix, and reusable.

Ginell, William S. (Encino, CA)

1989-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

83

Loop-to-loop coupling.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report estimates inductively-coupled energy to a low-impedance load in a loop-to-loop arrangement. Both analytical models and full-wave numerical simulations are used and the resulting fields, coupled powers and energies are compared. The energies are simply estimated from the coupled powers through approximations to the energy theorem. The transmitter loop is taken to be either a circular geometry or a rectangular-loop (stripline-type) geometry that was used in an experimental setup. Simple magnetic field models are constructed and used to estimate the mutual inductance to the receiving loop, which is taken to be circular with one or several turns. Circuit elements are estimated and used to determine the coupled current and power (an equivalent antenna picture is also given). These results are compared to an electromagnetic simulation of the transmitter geometry. Simple approximate relations are also given to estimate coupled energy from the power. The effect of additional loads in the form of attached leads, forming transmission lines, are considered. The results are summarized in a set of susceptibility-type curves. Finally, we also consider drives to the cables themselves and the resulting common-to-differential mode currents in the load.

Warne, Larry Kevin; Lucero, Larry Martin; Langston, William L.; Salazar, Robert Austin; Coleman, Phillip Dale; Basilio, Lorena I.; Bacon, Larry Donald

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Thunderstorm Electrification—Inductive or Non-Inductive?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Most of the precipitation related theories on charge generation in thunderstorms fall into one of two categories: the inductive or polarization mechanism initiated by the ambient fair-weather field, and the non-inductive mechanism connected with ...

Joachim P. Kuettner; J. Doyne Sartor; Zev Levin

1981-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Low inductance busbar assembly  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A busbar assembly for electrically coupling first and second busbars to first and second contacts, respectively, on a power module is provided. The assembly comprises a first terminal integrally formed with the first busbar, a second terminal integrally formed with the second busbar and overlapping the first terminal, a first bridge electrode having a first tab electrically coupled to the first terminal and overlapping the first and second terminals, and a second tab electrically coupled to the first contact, a second bridge electrode having a third tab electrically coupled to the second terminal, and overlapping the first and second terminals and the first tab, and a fourth tab electrically coupled to the second contact, and a fastener configured to couple the first tab to the first terminal, and the third tab to the second terminal.

Holbrook, Meghan Ann (Manhattan Beach, CA)

2010-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

86

Harmonic control of multiple-stator induction machines for voltage regulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Small, one to a few horsepower, three-phase induction machines with three sets of electrically-isolated, magnetically-coupled stator winding circuits are described. A voltage inverter is developed and used to drive one set ...

Holloway, Jack Wade, 1980-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Timescales for NonInductive Current Buildup In LowAspectRatio Toroidal Geometry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

boundary conditions coupled to the changing currents in the poloidal field coils. For definiteness in the magnetic field evolution equation whereas non­inductive current drive takes the form of a source term. An associated and compounding effect is that inductive current drive changes the plasma flux most near

88

Time-scales for Non-Inductive Current Buildup In Low-Aspect-Ratio Toroidal Geometry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

boundary conditions coupled to the changing currents in the poloidal field coils. For definiteness in the magnetic field evolution equation whereas non-inductive current drive takes the form of a source term. An associated and compounding effect is that inductive current drive changes the plasma flux most near

89

Guided Exploration: an Inductive Minimalist Approach for Teaching Tool-related Concepts and Techniques  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we introduce Guided Exploration as an inductive teaching approach. It is based on Minimalism and makes use of the pattern format. Guided Exploration addresses a couple of problems when teaching tool-related concepts and techniques, like ... Keywords: Educational Patterns, Inductive Teaching, Learning Styles

Christian Köppe, Rick Rodin

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Transient States of the Multiscalar Controlled Double Fed Induction Generator in the Wind Farm  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article presents a detailed model and analysis of wind turbine based on double fed induction generator (DFIG) including cable line to the point of common coupling (PCC). The vector control system is based on the multiscalar model of the machine. ... Keywords: Double Fed Induction Generator, Multiscalar Control, Reactive Power Compensation, Wind Farm Modelling

Piotr Kolodziejek

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

INDUCTIVE POWER COUPLING FOR AN ELECTRIC HIGHWAY SYSTEM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that ln conventlOnal power transformers .. However , se~eralpower per passenger car: 20 kW Source conductor current: 1000 A Core Material: Transformerpower. This is in contrast to situations in which a transformer

Bolger, J.G.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Wireless charging of lighting gadgets using low Q resonant coupling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wireless power transfer for lighting gadgets on a table top using low Q resonant coupling is realized. Using distributed capacitances across the transmitter and receiving coils and the inherent resistances of the wires, the coil acts as a tuned LC circuit. ... Keywords: WiTricity, resonant inductive coupling, wireless power transfer

Hema Ramachandran; G. R. Bindu

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Induction Linac Pulsers  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The pulsers used in most of the induction linacs evolved from the very large body of work that was done in the U.S. and Great Britain during the development of the pulsed magnetron for radar. The radar modulators started at {approx}100 kW and reached >10 MW by 1945. A typical pulse length was 1 {mu}s at a repetition rate of 1,000 pps. A very comprehensive account of the modulator development is Pulse Generators by Lebacqz and Glasoe, one of the Radiation Laboratory Series. There are many permutations of possible modulators, two of the choices being tube type and line type. In earlier notes I wrote that technically the vacuum tube pulser met all of our induction linac needs, in the sense that a number of tubes, in series and parallel if required, could produce our pulses, regulate their voltage, be useable in feed-forward correctors, and provide a low source impedance. At a lower speed, an FET array is similar, and we have obtained and tested a large array capable of >10 MW switching. A modulator with an electronically controlled output only needs a capacitor for energy storage and in a switched mode can transfer the energy from the capacitor to the load at high efficiency. Driving a full size Astron induction core and a simulated resistive 'beam load' we achieved >50% efficiency. These electronically controlled output pulses can produce the pulses we desire but are not used because of their high cost. The second choice, the line type pulser, visually comprises a closing switch and a distributed or a lumped element transmission line. The typical switch cannot open or stop conducting after the desired pulse has been produced, and consequently all of the initially stored energy is dissipated. This approximately halves the efficiency, and the original cost estimating program LIACEP used this factor of two, even though our circuits are usually worse, and even though our inveterate optimists often omit it. The 'missing' energy is that which is reflected back into the line from mismatches, the energy left in the accelerator module's capacitance, the energy lost in the switch during switching and during the pulse, and the energy lost in the pulse line charging circuit. For example, a simple resistor-limited power supply dissipates as much energy as it delivers to the pulse forming line, giving a factor if two by itself, therefore efficiency requires a more complicated charging system.

Faltens, Andris

2011-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

94

Borehole induction coil transmitter  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A borehole induction coil transmitter which is a part of a cross-borehole electromagnetic field system that is used for underground imaging applications. The transmitter consists of four major parts: 1) a wound ferrite or mu-metal core, 2) an array of tuning capacitors, 3) a current driver circuit board, and 4) a flux monitor. The core is wound with several hundred turns of wire and connected in series with the capacitor array, to produce a tuned coil. This tuned coil uses internal circuitry to generate sinusoidal signals that are transmitted through the earth to a receiver coil in another borehole. The transmitter can operate at frequencies from 1-200 kHz and supplies sufficient power to permit the field system to operate in boreholes separated by up to 400 meters.

Holladay, Gale (Livermore, CA); Wilt, Michael J. (Walnut Creek, CA)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Inductive.PDF  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

EV- EV- -INDUCTIVE Panasonic NiMH Battery ELECTRIC TRANSPORTATION DIVISION Ricardo Solares Juan Argueta October 1999 2 DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTIES AND LIMITATION OF LIABILITIES THIS REPORT WAS PREPARED BY THE ELECTRIC TRANSPORTATION DIVISION OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA EDISON, A SUBSIDIARY OF EDISON INTERNATIONAL. NEITHER THE ELECTRIC TRANSPORTATION DIVISION OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA EDISON, SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA EDISON, EDISON INTERNATIONAL, NOR ANY PERSON WORKING FOR OR ON BEHALF OF ANY OF THEM MAKES ANY WARRANTY OR REPRESENTATION, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, (I) WITH RESPECT TO THE USE OF ANY INFORMATION, PRODUCT, PROCESS OR PROCEDURE DISCUSSED IN THIS REPORT, INCLUDING MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, OR (II) THAT SUCH USE DOES NOT INFRINGE UPON OR INTERFERE WITH RIGHTS OF

96

Linear induction pump  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Electromagnetic linear induction pump for liquid metal which includes a unitary pump duct. The duct comprises two substantially flat parallel spaced-apart wall members, one being located above the other and two parallel opposing side members interconnecting the wall members. Located within the duct are a plurality of web members interconnecting the wall members and extending parallel to the side members whereby the wall members, side members and web members define a plurality of fluid passageways, each of the fluid passageways having substantially the same cross-sectional flow area. Attached to an outer surface of each side member is an electrically conductive end bar for the passage of an induced current therethrough. A multi-phase, electrical stator is located adjacent each of the wall members. The duct, stators, and end bars are enclosed in a housing which is provided with an inlet and outlet in fluid communication with opposite ends of the fluid passageways in the pump duct. In accordance with a preferred embodiment, the inlet and outlet includes a transition means which provides for a transition from a round cross-sectional flow path to a substantially rectangular cross-sectional flow path defined by the pump duct.

Meisner, John W. (Newbury Park, CA); Moore, Robert M. (Canoga Park, CA); Bienvenue, Louis L. (Chatsworth, CA)

1985-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

97

Modeling Stem Cell Induction Processes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Technology for converting human cells to pluripotent stem cell using induction processes has the potential to revolutionize regenerative medicine. However, the production of these so called iPS cells is still quite inefficient ...

Grácio, Filipe

98

The Observational?Inductive Framework for Science  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new observational?inductive framework for science is emerging due to recent developments in sensors

Timothy E. Eastman

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Simulation-assisted inductive learning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Learning by induction can require a large number of training examples. We show the power of using a simulator to generate training data and test data in learning rules for an expert system. The induction program is RL, a simplified version of Meta-DENDRAL. The expert system is ABLE, a rule-based system that identifies and located errors in particle beam lines used in high energy physics. A simulator of beam lines allowed forming and testing rules on sufficient numbers of cases that ABLE's performance is demonstrably accurate and precise. 13 refs., 2 figs.

Buchanan, B.G.; Sullivan, J.; Cheng, Tze-Pin; Clearwater, S.H.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Integrating inductive definitions in SAT  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We investigate techniques for supporting inductive definitions (IDs) in SAT, and report on an implementation, called MidL, of the resulting solver. This solver was first introduced in [11], as a part of a declarative problem solving framework. We go ...

Maarten Mariën; Johan Wittocx; Marc Denecker

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inductively coupled plasma-atomic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Induction Heat-Treating Equipment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 1   Characteristics of the four major power sources for induction heating...state 180 Hz to 50 kHz 1 kW to 2 MW 75â??95 No standby current; high efficiency; no moving parts;

102

THE INDUCTION PERIOD IN PHOTOSYNTHESIS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

When a plant is illuminated, its rate of photosynthesis is at first low and gradually increases until it becomes constant. This induction period was first observed by Osterhout and Haas (1918) for UIva and independently confirmed by Warburg (1920) with Chlorella. It has

L. Smith

1937-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Collisionless electron heating by radio frequency bias in low gas pressure inductive discharge  

SciTech Connect

We show experimental observations of collisionless electron heating by the combinations of the capacitive radio frequency (RF) bias power and the inductive power in low argon gas pressure RF biased inductively coupled plasma (ICP). With small RF bias powers in the ICP, the electron energy distribution (EED) evolved from bi-Maxwellian distribution to Maxwellian distribution by enhanced plasma bulk heating and the collisionless sheath heating was weak. In the capacitive RF bias dominant regime, however, high energy electrons by the RF bias were heated on the EEDs in the presence of the ICP. The collisionless heating mechanism of the high energy electrons transited from collisionless inductive heating to capacitive coupled collisionless heating by the electron bounce resonance in the RF biased ICP.

Lee, Hyo-Chang; Chung, Chin-Wook [Department of Electrical Engineering, Hanyang University, Seoul 133-791 (Korea, Republic of)

2012-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

104

Positive mood induction and well being  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The aim of this study is to test the role of consecutive positive mood induction virtual procedures on satisfaction of life of people with subclinical levels of sadness and/or anxiety. This is a work in progress and positive effects of mood induction ... Keywords: mood induction procedures, positive emotions, positive psychology, virtual reality

R. Baños; G. García-Soriano; C. Botella; E. Oliver; E. Etchemendy; J. Bretón; M. Alcañiz

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

INDUCTION MOTOR FAULT DIAGNOSTIC AND MONITORING METHODS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

INDUCTION MOTOR FAULT DIAGNOSTIC AND MONITORING METHODS by Aderiano M. da Silva, B.S. A Thesis;i Abstract Induction motors are used worldwide as the "workhorse" in industrial applications material. However, induction motor faults can be detected in an initial stage in order to prevent

Povinelli, Richard J.

106

Automatic Bias Learning: An Inquiry into the Inductive Basis of Induction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis combines an epistemological concern about induction with a computational exploration of inductive mechanisms. It aims to investigate how inductive performance could be improved by using induction to select appropriate generalisation procedures. The thesis revolves around a meta-learning system, called designed to investigate how inductive performances could be improved by using induction to select appropriate generalisation procedures. The performance of is discussed against the background of epistemological issues concerning induction, such as the role of theoretical vocabularies and the value of simplicity.

Hilan Bensusan; Murali Ramach; Fab Retkowsky; Pablito Romero; Margarita Sordo; Chris Thornton; David Weir

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Segmented rail linear induction motor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A segmented rail linear induction motor has a segmented rail consisting of a plurality of nonferrous electrically conductive segments aligned along a guideway. The motor further includes a carriage including at least one pair of opposed coils fastened to the carriage for moving the carriage. A power source applies an electric current to the coils to induce currents in the conductive surfaces to repel the coils from adjacent edges of the conductive surfaces.

Cowan, Jr., Maynard (1107 Stagecoach Rd. SE., Albuquerque, NM 87123); Marder, Barry M. (1412 Pinnacle View Dr. NE., Albuquerque, NM 87123)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Segmented rail linear induction motor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A segmented rail linear induction motor has a segmented rail consisting of a plurality of nonferrous electrically conductive segments aligned along a guideway. The motor further includes a carriage including at least one pair of opposed coils fastened to the carriage for moving the carriage. A power source applies an electric current to the coils to induce currents in the conductive surfaces to repel the coils from adjacent edges of the conductive surfaces. 6 figs.

Cowan, M. Jr.; Marder, B.M.

1996-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

109

High frequency inductive lamp and power oscillator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high frequency inductively coupled electrodeless lamp includes an excitation coil with an effective electrical length which is less than one half wavelength of a driving frequency applied thereto, preferably much less. The driving frequency may be greater than 100 MHz and is preferably as high as 915 MHz. Preferably, the excitation coil is configured as a non-helical, semi-cylindrical conductive surface having less than one turn, in the general shape of a wedding ring. At high frequencies, the current in the coil forms two loops which are spaced apart and parallel to each other. Configured appropriately, the coil approximates a Helmholtz configuration. The lamp preferably utilizes an bulb encased in a reflective ceramic cup with a pre-formed aperture defined therethrough. The ceramic cup may include structural features to aid in alignment and I or a flanged face to aid in thermal management. The lamp head is preferably an integrated lamp head comprising a metal matrix composite surrounding an insulating ceramic with the excitation integrally formed on the ceramic. A novel solid-state oscillator preferably provides RF power to the lamp. The oscillator is a single active element device capable of providing over 70 watts of power at over 70% efficiency. Various control circuits may be employed to adjust the driving frequency of the oscillator.

MacLennan, Donald A. (Gaithersburg, MD); Dymond, Jr., Lauren E. (North Potomac, MD); Gitsevich, Aleksandr (Montgomery Village, MD); Grimm, William G. (Silver Spring, MD); Kipling, Kent (Gaithersburg, MD); Kirkpatrick, Douglas A. (Great Falls, VA); Ola, Samuel A. (Silver Spring, MD); Simpson, James E. (Gaithersburg, MD); Trimble, William C. (Columbia, MD); Tsai, Peter (Olney, MD); Turner, Brian P. (Damascus, MD)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

High frequency inductive lamp and power oscillator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high frequency inductively coupled electrodeless lamp includes an excitation coil with an effective electrical length which is less than one half wavelength of a driving frequency applied thereto, preferably much less. The driving frequency may be greater than 100 MHz and is preferably as high as 915 MHz. Preferably, the excitation coil is configured as a non-helical, semi-cylindrical conductive surface having less than one turn, in the general shape of a wedding ring. At high frequencies, the current in the coil forms two loops which are spaced apart and parallel to each other. Configured appropriately, the coil approximates a Helmholtz configuration. The lamp preferably utilizes an bulb encased in a reflective ceramic cup with a pre-formed aperture defined therethrough. The ceramic cup may include structural features to aid in alignment and/or a flanged face to aid in thermal management. The lamp head is preferably an integrated lamp head comprising a metal matrix composite surrounding an insulating ceramic with the excitation integrally formed on the ceramic. A novel solid-state oscillator preferably provides RF power to the lamp. The oscillator is a single active element device capable of providing over 70 watts of power at over 70% efficiency. Various control circuits may be employed to match the driving frequency of the oscillator to a plurality of tuning states of the lamp.

MacLennan, Donald A. (Gaithersburg, MD); Turner, Brian P. (Damascus, MD); Dolan, James T. (Frederick, MD); Kirkpatrick, Douglas A. (Great Falls, VA); Leng, Yongzhang (Damascus, MD)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Low inductance power electronics assembly  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A power electronics assembly is provided. A first support member includes a first plurality of conductors. A first plurality of power switching devices are coupled to the first support member. A first capacitor is coupled to the first support member. A second support member includes a second plurality of conductors. A second plurality of power switching devices are coupled to the second support member. A second capacitor is coupled to the second support member. The first and second pluralities of conductors, the first and second pluralities of power switching devices, and the first and second capacitors are electrically connected such that the first plurality of power switching devices is connected in parallel with the first capacitor and the second capacitor and the second plurality of power switching devices is connected in parallel with the second capacitor and the first capacitor.

Herron, Nicholas Hayden; Mann, Brooks S.; Korich, Mark D.; Chou, Cindy; Tang, David; Carlson, Douglas S.; Barry, Alan L.

2012-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

112

VAPOR SHIELD FOR INDUCTION FURNACE  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This patent relates to a water-cooled vapor shield for an inductlon furnace that will condense metallic vapors arising from the crucible and thus prevent their condensation on or near the induction coils, thereby eliminating possible corrosion or shorting out of the coils. This is accomplished by placing, about the top, of the crucible a disk, apron, and cooling jacket that separates the area of the coils from the interior of the cruclbIe and provides a cooled surface upon whlch the vapors may condense.

Reese, S.L.; Samoriga, S.A.

1958-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

113

Polished Downhole Transducer Having Improved Signal Coupling  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Apparatus and methods to improve signal coupling in downhole inductive transmission elements to reduce the dispersion of magnetic energy at the tool joints and to provide consistent impedance and contact between transmission elements located along the drill string. A transmission element for transmitting information between downhole tools is disclosed in one embodiment of the invention as including an annular core constructed of a magnetically conductive material. The annular core forms an open channel around its circumference and is configured to form a closed channel by mating with a corresponding annular core along an annular mating surface. The mating surface is polished to provide improved magnetic coupling with the corresponding annular core. An annular conductor is disposed within the open channel.

Hall, David R. (Provo, UT); Fox, Joe (Spanish Fork, UT)

2006-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

114

Monitoring transients in low inductance circuits  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The instant invention relates to methods of and apparatus for monitoring transients in low inductance circuits and to a probe utilized to practice said method and apparatus. More particularly, the instant invention relates to methods of and apparatus for monitoring low inductance circuits, wherein the low inductance circuits include a pair of flat cable transmission lines. The instant invention is further directed to a probe for use in monitoring pairs of flat cable transmission lines.

Guilford, R.P.; Rosborough, J.R.

1985-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

115

Induction slag reduction process for making titanium  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Continuous process for preparing titanium comprising fluorinating titanium ore, and reducing the formed alkaline earth fluotitanate with an alkaline earth metal in an induction slag reactor.

Traut, Davis E. (Corvallis, OR)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Cooling a quantum circuit via coupling to a multiqubit system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The cooling effects of a quantum LC circuit coupled inductively with an ensemble of artificial qubits are investigated. The particles may decay independently or collectively through their interaction with the environmental vacuum electromagnetic field reservoir. For appropriate bath temperatures and the resonator's quality factors, we demonstrate an effective cooling well below the thermal background. In particular, we found that for larger samples the cooling efficiency is better for independent qubits. However, the cooling process can be faster for collectively interacting particles.

Macovei, Mihai A

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Cooling a quantum circuit via coupling to a multiqubit system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The cooling effects of a quantum LC circuit coupled inductively with an ensemble of artificial qubits are investigated. The particles may decay independently or collectively through their interaction with the environmental vacuum electromagnetic field reservoir. For appropriate bath temperatures and the resonator's quality factors, we demonstrate an effective cooling well below the thermal background. In particular, we found that for larger samples the cooling efficiency is better for independent qubits. However, the cooling process can be faster for collectively interacting particles.

Mihai A. Macovei

2010-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

118

Parallel algorithms for inductance extraction of VLSI circuits  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Inductance extraction involves estimating the mutual inductance in a VLSI circuit. Due to increasing clock speed and diminishing feature sizes of modern VLSI circuits, the effects of inductance are increasingly felt during the testing and verification ...

Hemant Mahawar; Vivek Sarin

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Induction-based gate-level verification of multipliers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose a method based on unrolling the inductive definition of binary number multiplication to verify gate-level implementations of multipliers. The induction steps successively reduce the size of the multiplier under verification. Through induction, ...

Ying Tsai Chang; Kwang Ting Tim Cheng

2001-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Observing geomagnetic induction in magnetic satellite measurements and associated  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Observing geomagnetic induction in magnetic satellite measurements and associated implications in the midlatitude satellite passes lower than 50 degrees geomagnetic latitude. At higher latitudes, auroral: Satellite induction. Index Terms: 1515 Geomagnetism and Paleomagnetism: Geomagnetic induction; 3914 Mineral

Constable, Steve

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inductively coupled plasma-atomic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Translation-coupling systems  

SciTech Connect

Disclosed are systems and methods for coupling translation of a target gene to a detectable response gene. A version of the invention includes a translation-coupling cassette. The translation-coupling cassette includes a target gene, a response gene, a response-gene translation control element, and a secondary structure-forming sequence that reversibly forms a secondary structure masking the response-gene translation control element. Masking of the response-gene translation control element inhibits translation of the response gene. Full translation of the target gene results in unfolding of the secondary structure and consequent translation of the response gene. Translation of the target gene is determined by detecting presence of the response-gene protein product. The invention further includes RNA transcripts of the translation-coupling cassettes, vectors comprising the translation-coupling cassettes, hosts comprising the translation-coupling cassettes, methods of using the translation-coupling cassettes, and gene products produced with the translation-coupling cassettes.

Pfleger, Brian; Mendez-Perez, Daniel

2013-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

122

Farm scale biogas-fueled engine/induction generator system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A 3.6 liter spark ignition engine coupled to an induction generator produced 21 kW of electric power at 1260 rpm operating on biogas (55% methane, 45% carbon dioxide). Power output increased by 3.55 kW for a 10 rpm increase in shaft speed. Operating at over 16 kW output, power factor was greater than .8 and generator efficiency was greater than 85%. Engine operation is insensitive to small changes in spark advance. Recommended spark advance for a biogas engine is about 45/sup 0/. Minimum brake specific fuel consumption of 270 g CH/sub 4//kWh occurs at a manifold vacuum of 5 cmHg and an equivalence ratio in the range of .6 to .8.

Stahl, T.; Fischer, J.R.; Harris, F.D.

1982-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

INSPECTION MEANS FOR INDUCTION MOTORS  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

an appartus is descripbe for inspcting electric motors and more expecially an appartus for detecting falty end rings inn suqirrel cage inductio motors while the motor is running. In its broua aspects, the mer would around ce of reference tedtor means also itons in the phase ition of the An electronic circuit for conversion of excess-3 binary coded serial decimal numbers to straight binary coded serial decimal numbers is reported. The converter of the invention in its basic form generally coded pulse words of a type having an algebraic sign digit followed serially by a plurality of decimal digits in order of decreasing significance preceding a y algebraic sign digit followed serially by a plurality of decimal digits in order of decreasing significance. A switching martix is coupled to said input circuit and is internally connected to produce serial straight binary coded pulse groups indicative of the excess-3 coded input. A stepping circuit is coupled to the switching matrix and to a synchronous counter having a plurality of x decimal digit and plurality of y decimal digit indicator terminals. The stepping circuit steps the counter in synchornism with the serial binary pulse group output from the switching matrix to successively produce pulses at corresponding ones of the x and y decimal digit indicator terminals. The combinations of straight binary coded pulse groups and corresponding decimal digit indicator signals so produced comprise a basic output suitable for application to a variety of output apparatus.

Williams, A.W.

1959-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

124

Finding counter examples in induction proofs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper addresses a problem arising in automated proof of invariants of transition systems, for example transition systems modelling distributed programs. Most of the time, the actual properties we want to prove are too weak to hold inductively, and ...

Koen Claessen; Hans Svensson

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Methods for producing the plasma initiation pulse in ohmic heating circuits in tokamak power reactors: resistive dissipation, transient inductive storage, and transient capacitive storage  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper compares the resistive dissipation method with transient storage methods: inductive and capacitive. While the capacitive method is relatively well known through its variant, the ''Inall circuit,'' the inductive transient storage method to produce the plasma initiation pulse is less well known. It consists of two closely coupled coils, one connected with a system of differentially compounded slow discharge homopolar machines. The magnetic energy is suddenly taken from the ohmic heating circuit and temporarily stored in the mutual inductance of the two coils--thus producing the pulse.

Driga, M.D.; Mayhall, D.J.; Weldon, W.F.; Rylander, H.G.; Woodson, H.H.

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Power Line Fault Current Coupling to Nearby Natural Gas Pipelines, Volumes 1-3  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Electromagnetic and Conductive Coupling Analysis of Powerlines and Pipelines (ECCAPP) computer program provides an easy-to-use method for analyzing the effects of transmission lines on gas pipelines. The program models conductive and inductive interference, enabling electrical and gas engineers to identify these effects and design mitigation systems when necessary.

1987-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

127

Open Problems in Universal Induction & Intelligence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Specialized intelligent systems can be found everywhere: finger print, handwriting, speech, and face recognition, spam filtering, chess and other game programs, robots, et al. This decade the first presumably complete mathematical theory of artificial intelligence based on universal induction-prediction-decision-action has been proposed. This information-theoretic approach solidifies the foundations of inductive inference and artificial intelligence. Getting the foundations right usually marks a significant progress and maturing of a field. The theory provides a gold standard and guidance for researchers working on intelligent algorithms. The roots of universal induction have been laid exactly half-a-century ago and the roots of universal intelligence exactly one decade ago. So it is timely to take stock of what has been achieved and what remains to be done. Since there are already good recent surveys, I describe the state-of-the-art only in passing and refer the reader to the literature. This article concent...

Hutter, Marcus

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Inductive gas line for pulsed lasers  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A gas laser having a metal inlet gas feed line assembly shaped as a coil, to function as an electrical inductance and therefore high impedance to pulses of electric current applied to electrodes at opposite ends of a discharge tube of a laser, for example. This eliminates a discharge path for the laser through the inlet gas feed line. A ferrite core extends through the coil to increase the inductance of the coil and provide better electric isolation. By elimination of any discharge breakdown through the gas supply, efficiency is increased and a significantly longer operating lifetime of the laser is provided.

Benett, W.J.; Alger, T.W.

1982-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

129

Steady-state inductive spheromak operation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The inductively formed spheromak plasma can be maintained in a highly stable and controlled fashion. Steady-state operation is obtained by forming the plasma in the linked mode, then oscillating the poloidal and toroidal fields such that they have different phases. Preferably, the poloidal and magnetic fields are 90.degree. out of phase.

Janos, Alan C. (E. Windsor, NJ); Jardin, Stephen C. (Princeton, NJ); Yamada, Masaaki (Lawrenceville, NJ)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Emotion induction during human-robot interaction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The aim of the presented study was to measure physiological correlates of emotions that are of particular interest in the field of human-robot interaction (HRI). Therefore, we did not focus on self-induced basic emotions but rather evoked states that ... Keywords: emotion recognition, human-robot interaction, joint construction, stress induction

Cornelia Wendt; Michael Popp; Berthold Faerber

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Thyristor stack for pulsed inductive plasma generation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A thyristor stack for pulsed inductive plasma generation has been developed and tested. The stack design includes a free wheeling diode assembly for current reversal. Triggering of the device is achieved by a high side biased, self supplied gate driver unit using gating energy derived from a local snubber network. The structure guarantees a hard firing gate pulse for the required high dI/dt application. A single fiber optic command is needed to achieve a simultaneous turn on of the thyristors. The stack assembly is used for switching a series resonant circuit with a ringing frequency of 30 kHz. In the prototype pulsed power system described here an inductive discharge has been generated with a pulse duration of 120 {mu}s and a pulse energy of 50 J. A maximum power transfer efficiency of 84% and a peak power of 480 kW inside the discharge were achieved. System tests were performed with a purely inductive load and an inductively generated plasma acting as a load through transformer action at a voltage level of 4.1 kV, a peak current of 5 kA, and a current switching rate of 1 kA/{mu}s.

Teske, C.; Jacoby, J.; Schweizer, W.; Wiechula, J. [Plasmaphysics Group, Institute of Applied Physics, Johann-Wolfgang-Goethe University, 60438 Frankfurt am Main (Germany)

2009-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

132

Cylindrical Induction Melter Modicon Control System  

SciTech Connect

In the last several years an extensive R{ampersand}D program has been underway to develop a vitrification system to stabilize Americium (Am) and Curium (Cm) inventories at SRS. This report documents the Modicon control system designed for the 3 inch Cylindrical Induction Melter (CIM).

Weeks, G.E. [Westinghouse Savannah River Company, AIKEN, SC (United States)

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Evolutionary induction of stochastic context free grammars  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes an evolutionary approach to the problem of inferring stochastic context-free grammars from finite language samples. The approach employs a distributed, steady-state genetic algorithm, with a fitness function incorporating a prior ... Keywords: Genetic algorithm, Grammar induction, Grammatical inference, Language modeling, Stochastic context-free grammar

Bill Keller; Rudi Lutz

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Steady-state inductive spheromak operation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The inductively formed spheromak configuration (S-1) can be maintained in a highly stable and controlled fashion. The method described eliminates the restriction to pulsed spheromak plasmas or the use of electrodes for steady-state operation, and, therefore, is a reactor-relevant formation and sustainment method.

Janos, A.C.; Jardin, S.C.; Yamada, M.

1985-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

135

Voltage regulation in linear induction accelerators  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Improvement in voltage regulation in a Linear Induction Accelerator wherein a varistor, such as a metal oxide varistor when it is placed in parallel with the beam accelerating cavity and the magnetic core. The non-linear properties of the varistor result in a more stable voltage across the beam accelerating cavity than with a conventional compensating resistance.

Parsons, W.M.

1991-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

136

Voltage regulation in linear induction accelerators  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Improvement in voltage regulation in a linear induction accelerator wherein a varistor, such as a metal oxide varistor, is placed in parallel with the beam accelerating cavity and the magnetic core is disclosed. The non-linear properties of the varistor result in a more stable voltage across the beam accelerating cavity than with a conventional compensating resistance. 4 figs.

Parsons, W.M.

1992-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

137

Voltage unbalance effects on induction motor performance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The reliability of electric drives and driven motors depends on the quality of the power supply voltage especially in the critical industrial process. In this work, a theoretical study of the effects of voltage unbalances, sags and swells on induction ... Keywords: efficiency, power losses and derating factor, sags, symmetrical components, voltage unbalance

L. Refoufi; H. Bentarzi; F. Z. Dekhandji

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Plasma Diagnostics and Plasma-Surface Interactions in Inductively Coupled Plasmas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

inert atomic gas plasma 20,33 ), and thermal conduction andplasma ………………………………………………………………… Ratio of displacement to conductionplasmas focusing on heating contribution from thermal heat conduction

Titus, Monica Joy

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

TEST OF THE PERFORMANCE AND CHARACTERISTICS OF A PROTOTYPE INDUCTIVE POWER COUPLING FOR ELECTRIC HIGHWAY SYSTEMS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the pole was 18°C. 1/2 inch plywood 0.75 mm steel sheet \\the pickup resting in the plywood tray that was used forremoving the pickup from the plywood tray and resting it on

Bolger, J.G.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Plasma Diagnostics and Plasma-Surface Interactions in Inductively Coupled Plasmas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

C. Andes, and E. Hudson, Plasma Processes and Polymers 6,J. P. Booth, and G. Cunge, Plasma Sources Sci. Technol. 5,and B. M. Alexandrovich, Plasma Sources Sci. Technol. 1,

Titus, Monica Joy

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inductively coupled plasma-atomic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Etching kinetics and surface roughening of polysilicon and dielectric materials in inductively coupled plasma beams  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Plasma etching processes often roughen the feature sidewalls forming anisotropic striations. A clear understanding of the origin and control of sidewall roughening is extremely desirable, particularly at the gate level ...

Yin, Yunpeng, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

“Age” Determination of Irradiated Materials Utilizing Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometric (ICP-MS) Detection  

SciTech Connect

A gas pressurized extraction chromatography (GPEC) system has been developed to perform elemental separations on radioactive samples to determine total and isotopic compositions of Cs and Ba from an irradiated salt sample, fuel sample and two sealed radiation sources. The separation is necessary to remove isobaric interferences in the determination of 137Cs, 135Cs, 137Ba, 135Ba, which are used to determine the age of a sample from radioactive decay or purification. The micro-column extraction chromatography system employs compressed nitrogen to move liquid through the system, compared to gravity or pumped liquids that are typically used for separations. The use of compressed gas allows for accurate and precise recovery of all liquids put into the chromatography system, enabling very accurate dilutions. The use of a small analytical column permits the use of very small amounts of liquids to be used. As a benefit, the amount of radiological waste that is generated in the separation process is minimized. For this work, a commercially available Sr-Resin™ was used to perform the separation for the above mentioned analytes. The column consists of a 7 inch piece of 1/16 in. O.D. x 0.030 in I.D. Teflon™ tubing having an internal volume of 81 µL. To this column, 49 mg of resin was added. The columns are re-usable after regeneration with 3 M HNO3. All samples were separated using batch collection, although real time analysis is possible with the current experimental design. A 1 % acetic acid solution was determined to be the best extractant for Ba. A flow rate of 0.1 mL/min was determined to be optimal for the separation of Ba. Complete recovery of the Cs and Ba was achieved, within the systematic error of the experiments.

James Sommers; Jeffrey J. Giglio, Ph,D,; Daniel Cummings; Kevin P. Carney, Ph.D>

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Decreasing high ion energy during transition in pulsed inductively coupled plasmas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Pulsed RF plasmas sustained in electronegative gas mixtures are increasingly being employed for plasma etching at future technological nodes. During the plasma transition from the afterglow to the active-glow, ion energies at the wafer can substantially increase due to the high voltage required to deposit bias power into few electrons. These high energy ions, albeit few, increase the possibility of ion bombardment damage and are, therefore, detrimental to the etching process. Strategies to decrease the high ion energies during transition are investigated using a two-dimensional computational plasma model. Results for poly-Si etch in an Ar/Cl{sub 2} gas mixture indicate that the high ion energies can be reduced by offsetting the bias pulse from the source pulse with minimal impact on the etch depth rates.

Agarwal, Ankur; Stout, Phillip J.; Banna, Samer; Rauf, Shahid; Collins, Ken [Applied Materials Inc., 974 E. Arques Avenue, M/S 81312, Sunnyvale, California 94085 (United States)

2012-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

144

Induction Lighting: An Old Lighting Technology Made New Again | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Induction Lighting: An Old Lighting Technology Made New Again Induction Lighting: An Old Lighting Technology Made New Again Induction Lighting: An Old Lighting Technology Made New Again July 27, 2009 - 5:00am Addthis John Lippert Induction lighting is one of the best kept secrets in energy-efficient lighting. Simply stated, induction lighting is essentially a fluorescent light without electrodes or filaments, the items that frequently cause other bulbs to burn out quickly. Thus, many induction lighting units have an extremely long life of up to 100,000 hours. To put this in perspective, an induction lighting system lasting 100,000 hours will last more than 11 years in continuous 24/7 operation, and 25 years if operated 10 hours a day. The technology, however, is far from new. Nikola Tesla demonstrated induction lighting in the late 1890s around the same time that his rival,

145

Magnetic induction systems to harvest energy from mechanical vibrations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis documents the design process for magnetic induction systems to harvest energy from mechanical vibrations. Two styles of magnetic induction systems - magnet-through-coil and magnet-across-coils - were analyzed. ...

Jonnalagadda, Aparna S

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Knowledge-directed induction in a DB environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Integrated with Artificial Intelligence (AI) techniques such as conceptual inductive inference, databases can become important sources of knowledge for people and expert systems in various application domains. This paper describes an inductive model ...

Min Ke; Moonis Ali

1990-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Excitation and control of a high-speed induction generator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This project investigates the use of a high speed, squirrel cage induction generator and power converter for producing DC electrical power onboard ships and submarines. Potential advantages of high speed induction generators ...

Englebretson, Steven Carl

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Design of traveling wave windows for the PEP-II RF coupling network  

SciTech Connect

The waveguide windows in the PEP-II RF coupling network have to withstand high power of 500 kW. Traveling wave windows have lower power dissipation than conventional self-matched windows, thus rendering the possibility of less stringent mechanical design. The traveling wave behavior is achieved by providing a reflecting iris on each side of the window, and depending on the configuration of the irises, traveling wave windows are characterized as inductive or capacitive types. A numerical design procedure using MAFIA has been developed for traveling wave windows. The relative advantages of inductive and capacitive windows are discussed. Furthermore, the issues of bandwidth and multipactoring are also addressed.

Kroll, N.M.; Ng, C.K.; Judkins, J.; Neubauer, M.

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

A Survey of Methods for Scaling Up Inductive Algorithms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One of the defining challenges for the KDD research community is to enable inductive learning algorithms to mine very large databases. This paper summarizes, categorizes, and compares existing work on scaling up inductive algorithms. We concentrate ... Keywords: decision trees, inductive learning, rule learning, scaling up

Foster Provost; Venkateswarlu Kolluri

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Analysis of wound rotor self-excited induction generators  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Self-excited induction generators are found to be to be most suitable machines for wind energy conversion in remote and windy areas due to several advantages over grid connected machines. Such machine exhibits poor performance in terms of voltage and ... Keywords: induction generator, renewable generation, self-excited induction generator, steady state analysis (SSA), wind energy generation

K. S. Sandhu; S. P. Jain

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

The ECPC Coupled Prediction Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a new Experimental Climate Prediction Center (ECPC) Coupled Prediction Model (ECPM). The ECPM includes the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) version of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) ocean model coupled to the ...

E. Yulaeva; M. Kanamitsu; J. Roads

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Sealing coupling. [LMFBR  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Disclosed is a remotely operable releasable sealing coupling which provides fluid-tight joinder of upper and a lower conduit sections. Each conduit section has a concave conical sealing surface adjacent its end portion. A tubular sleeve having convex spherical ends is inserted between the conduit ends to form line contact with the concave conical end portions. An inwardly projecting lip located at one end of the sleeve cooperates with a retaining collar formed on the upper pipe end to provide swivel capture for the sleeve. The upper conduit section also includes a tapered lower end portion which engages the inside surface of the sleeve to limit misalignment of the connected conduit sections.

Pardini, J.A.; Brubaker, R.C.; Rusnak, J.J.

1982-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

153

Acceleration Modules in Linear Induction Accelerators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Linear Induction Accelerator (LIA) is a unique type of accelerator, which is capable to accelerate kiloAmpere charged particle current to tens of MeV energy. The present development of LIA in MHz busting mode and successful application into synchrotron broaden LIAs usage scope. Although transformer model is widely used to explain the acceleration mechanism of LIAs, it is not appropriate to consider the induction electric field as the field which accelerates charged particles for many modern LIAs. Authors examined the transition of the magnetic cores functions during LIA acceleration modules evolution, distinguished transformer type and transmission line type LIA acceleration modules, and reconsidered several related issues based on transmission line type LIA acceleration module. The clarified understanding should be helpful in the further development and design of the LIA acceleration modules.

Wang, Shaoheng

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

On electromagnetic induction in electric conductors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Experimental validation of the Faraday's law of electromagnetic induction (EMI) is performed when an electromotive force is generated in thin copper turns, located inside a large magnetic coil. It has been established that the electromotive force (emf) value should be dependent not only on changes of the magnetic induction flux through a turn and on symmetry of its crossing by magnetic power lines also. The law of EMI is applicable in sufficient approximation in case of the changes of the magnetic field near the turn are symmetrical. Experimental study of the induced emf in arcs and a direct section of the conductor placed into the variable field has been carried out. Linear dependence of the induced emf on the length of the arc has been ascertained in case of the magnetic field distribution symmetry about it. Influence of the magnetic field symmetry on the induced emf in the arc has been observed. The curve of the induced emf in the direct section over period of current pulse is similar to this one for the turns and arcs. The general law of EMI for a curvilinear conductor has been deduced. Calculation of the induced emf in the turns wrapped over it and comparison with the experimental data has been made. The proportionality factor has been ascertained for the law. Special conditions have been described, when the induced emf may not exist in the presence of inductive current. Theoretical estimation of the inductive current has been made at a induced low voltage in the turn. It has been noted the necessity to take into account the concentration of current carriers in calculation of the induced emf in semiconductors and ionized conductors.

Alexander I. Korolev

2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

155

coupling2.dvi  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Measurement Measurement of Input Coupler Matching of a Loaded Storage Ring Single-Cell Cavity Jin Wook Cho, Yoon Kang Advanced Photon Source Argonne National Laboratory 9700 S. Cass Ave., Argonne, IL 60439 August 14, 1995 1 Introduction In the APS storage ring cavities, magnetic loop type input couplers are used. The loaded Q fo a cavity varies as the beam loading changes 1 . The beam loading changes the cavity input impedance. Therefore, the input coupler must be adjusted to maintain a good impedance match. Measurements have been made to determine the coupler loop position depth of penetration with respect to various loading conditions in a storage ring single-cell cavity. An input coupler was inserted into the storage ring single-cell cavity at various loaded Q points, then matched. The relationship between the coupling coe cient, , and the gap width, where gap width is the separation

156

The design evaluation of inductive power-transformer for personal rapid transit by measuring impedance  

SciTech Connect

The contact-less inductive power transformer (IPT) uses the principle of electromagnetic induction. The concept of the IPT for vehicles such as the personal rapid transit (PRT) system is proposed and some suggestions for power collector design of IPT to improve power transfer performance are presented in this paper. The aim of this paper is to recommend the concept of IPT for vehicles such as the PRT system and also to present some propositions for the power collector design of the IPT, which is to improve the power transfer performance. Generally, there are diverse methods to evaluate transfer performance of the traditional transformers. Although the principle of IPT is similar to that of the general transformer, it is impossible to apply the methods directly because of large air gap. The system must be compensated by resonant circuit due to the large air gap. Consequently, it is difficult to apply numerical formulas to the magnetic design of IPT systems. This paper investigates the magnetic design of a PRT system using three-dimensional magnetic modeling and measurements of the pick-up coupling coefficient and its impedances. In addition, how the use of Litz wire and leakage inductance is related will be observed through experiment and simulation.

Han, Kyung-Hee [Department of Electrical Engineering, Dongguk University, Seoul 100-715 (Korea, Republic of); Department of Electricity and Signaling, Korea Railroad Research Institute, Uiwang, Kyonggi 437-050 (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Byung-Song [Department of Electricity and Signaling, Korea Railroad Research Institute, Uiwang, Kyonggi 437-050 (Korea, Republic of); Baek, Soo-Hyun [Department of Electrical Engineering, Dongguk University, Seoul 100-715 (Korea, Republic of)

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Perspectives on Geospace Plasma Coupling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There are a large variety of fascinating and instructive aspects to examining the coupling of mass and energy from the solar wind into the Earth's magnetosphere. Past research has suggested that magnetic reconnection (in a fluid sense) on the day-side magnetopause plays the key role in controlling the energy coupling. However, both linear and nonlinear coupling processes involving kinetic effects have been suggested through various types of innovative data analysis. Analysis and modeling results have also indicated a prominent role for multi-scale processes of plasma coupling. Examples include evidence of control by solar wind turbulence in the coupling sequence and localized (finite gyroradius) effects in dayside plasma transport. In this paper we describe several solar wind-magnetosphere coupling scenarios. We particularly emphasize the study of solar wind driving of magnetospheric substorm, and related geomagnetic disturbances.

Baker, Daniel N. [Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80303-7814 (United States)

2011-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

158

Plasma conductivity at finite coupling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

By taking into account the full order(\\alpha'^3) type IIB string theory corrections to the supergravity action, we compute the leading finite 't Hooft coupling order(\\lambda^{-3/2}) corrections to the conductivity of strongly-coupled SU(N) {\\cal {N}}=4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills plasma in the large N limit. We find that the conductivity is enhanced by the corrections, in agreement with the trend expected from previous perturbative weak-coupling computations.

Hassanain, Babiker

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Plasma conductivity at finite coupling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

By taking into account the full order(\\alpha'^3) type IIB string theory corrections to the supergravity action, we compute the leading finite 't Hooft coupling order(\\lambda^{-3/2}) corrections to the conductivity of strongly-coupled SU(N) {\\cal {N}}=4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills plasma in the large N limit. We find that the conductivity is enhanced by the corrections, in agreement with the trend expected from previous perturbative weak-coupling computations.

Babiker Hassanain; Martin Schvellinger

2011-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

160

VISUALS: Diffusion couple animation - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sep 25, 2007 ... This Quicktime animation of a diffusion couple shows side-by-side views of two different atomic species - red and green - diffusing across a flat ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inductively coupled plasma-atomic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Coupling light to periodic nanostructures.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis describes coupling of light to periodic structures. A material is patterned with a regular pattern on a length scale comparable to the wavelength… (more)

Driessen, Eduard Frans Clemens

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Segmented ceramic liner for induction furnaces  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A non-fibrous ceramic liner for induction furnaces is provided by vertically stackable ring-shaped liner segments made of ceramic material in a light-weight cellular form. The liner segments can each be fabricated as a single unit or from a plurality of arcuate segments joined together by an interlocking mechanism. Also, the liner segments can be formed of a single ceramic material or can be constructed of multiple concentric layers with the layers being of different ceramic materials and/or cellular forms. Thermomechanically damaged liner segments are selectively replaceable in the furnace. 5 figs.

Gorin, A.H.; Holcombe, C.E.

1994-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

163

Technology development for high power induction accelerators  

SciTech Connect

The marriage of Induction Linac technology with Nonlinear Magnetic Modulators has produced some unique capabilities. It appears possible to produce electron beams with average currents measured in amperes, at gradients exceeding 1 MeV/meter, and with power efficiencies approaching 50%. A 2 MeV, 5 kA electron accelerator has been constructed at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) to demonstrate these concepts and to provide a test facility for high brightness sources. The pulse drive for the accelerator is based on state-of-the-art magnetic pulse compressors with very high peak power capability, repetition rates exceeding a kilohertz and excellent reliability.

Birx, D.L.; Reginato, L.L.

1985-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

164

Design and code validation of the Jupiter inductive voltage adder (IVA) PRS driver  

SciTech Connect

The proposed Jupiter accelerator is a {approximately} 10-MV, 500-TW system capable of delivering 15-MJ kinetic energy to an imploding plasma radiation source (PRS). The accelerator is based on Hermes-III technology and contains 30 identical inductive voltage adder modules connected in parallel. The modules drive a common circular convolute electrode system in the center of which is located an imploding foil. The relatively high voltage of 8--10 MV is required to compensate for the voltage differential generated across the load due primarily to the fast increase in current (L di/dt) and to lesser extent to the increasing inductance(I dL/dt) and resistive component of the imploding foil. Here we examine the power flow through the device and, in particular, through the voltage adder and long MITL. Analytical models, such as pressure balance and parapotential flow, as well as circuit and PIC codes, were utilized. A new version of the TWOQUICK PIC code, which includes an imploding, cylindrical foil as load, was utilized to compare the power flow calculations done with SCREAMER and TRIFL. The agreement is very satisfactory and adds confidence to the Jupiter design. In addition, an experimental validation of the design is under way this year (FY95) with Hermes III. Long extension MITLs are connected at the end of the voltage adder with inductive and diode loads to benchmark the above design codes. In this paper we outline the accelerator`s conceptual design with emphasis on the power flow and coupling to the inductive load and include preliminary results of Hermes-III experimental design validation.

Mazarakis, M.G.; Poukey, J.W.; Mendel, C.W. [and others

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Electronic Radio-Frequency (Electrodeless) Induction Lamps: A Fluorescent Technology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This EPRI Technical Update addresses an expanding energy efficient light source electronic radio-frequency (electrodeless) induction lamps. Business and technical market factors (Chapter 2) use the past and future growth of the CFL market to illustrate the potential for the induction lighting market while emphasizing future technical improvements. Discussion of the importance of utility involvement in helping their customers consider induction lamps for high-efficiency fluorescent applications with long-...

2007-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

166

Segmented rail linear induction motor - Energy Innovation Portal  

A segmented rail linear induction motor has a segmented rail consisting of a plurality of nonferrous electrically conductive segments aligned along a guideway. The ...

167

Motor torque compensation of an induction electric motor by ...  

Motor torque compensation of an induction electric motor by adjusting a slip command during periods of supposed change in motor temperature United States Patent

168

Induction Furnace Quench & Temper of Oil Field Tubular Goods  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Because of the unique operating features of an induction furnace, each pipe is individually heat treated, producing more uniform properties than possible with ...

169

Available Technologies: High Efficiency Spiral RF-Induction ...  

The spiral antennas efficient use of source geometry also ... Neutron and high energy gamma ... A typical RF-induction plasma generator with a ...

170

In vitro tetraploid induction via colchicine treatment from diploid ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract A protocol for in vitro induction of tetraploids via colchicine-treated .... Following the protocol for immature zygotic embryos cultures .... V. rupestris callus.

171

Seismic baseline and induction studies- Roosevelt Hot Springs...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Seismic baseline and induction studies- Roosevelt Hot Springs, Utah and Raft River, Idaho Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Report: Seismic baseline and...

172

Verification and validation for induction heating  

SciTech Connect

Truchas is a software package being developed at LANL within the Telluride project for predicting the complex physical processes in metal alloy casting. The software was designed to be massively parallel, multi-material, multi-physics, and to run on 3D, fully unstructured meshes. This work describes a Verification and Validation assessment of Truchas for simulating the induction heating phase of a casting process. We used existing data from a simple experiment involving the induction heating of a graphite cylinder, as graphite is a common material used for mold assemblies. Because we do not have complete knowledge of all the conditions and properties in this experiment (as is the case in many other experiments), we performed a parameter sensitivity study, modeled the uncertainties of the most sensitive parameters, and quantified how these uncertainties propagate to the Truchas output response. A verification analysis produced estimates of the numerical error of the Truchas solution to our computational model. The outputs from Truchas runs with randomly sampled parameter values were used for the validation study.

Lam, Kin [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Tippetts, Trevor B [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Allen, David W [NON LANL

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Radiation induction of cancer of the skin  

SciTech Connect

The induction of epidermal tumors was studied using exposures to 25 kV x-rays with or without subsequent exposures to 12-0-tetradeconyl phorbol-13 acetate (TPA) or ultraviolet radiation (uvr) 280-400 nm. Fractionation regimens and total exposure up to 4000R produced no squamous cell carcinomas. When these regimes were followed by TPA an incidence of about 80% was obtained, and incidence of 60% when uvr exposures followed the x-irradiation. A dose-dependent increase in fibrosarcomas was found when x-irradiation was followed by 24 weeks of topical treatment with TPA. These results support the contention that uvr can enhance the expression of cells initiated by x-rays. The experimental evidence is compared with the data from the tinea capitis patients treated with x-rays. In C3HF/He male mice exposed to 50, 100, 150 and 200 rads /sup 137/Cs gamma rays the induction rate for fibrosarcomas was 2.9 x 10/sup -4/ per cGy/per mouse. This result compares with 2.5 x 10/sup -6/ transformations per surviving cell per cGy with 10T1/2 cells that are fibroblasts derived from C3H mice. 16 refs., 1 fig., 1 tab.

Fry, R.J.M.; Storer, J.B.; Burns, F.J.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Entanglement in massive coupled oscillators  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article investigates entanglement of the motional states of massive coupled oscillators.The specific realization of an idealized diatomic molecule in one-dimension isconsidered, but the techniques developed apply to any massive particles with two ... Keywords: closed-system entanglement dynamics, continuous-variable entanglement, coupled oscillators

Nathan L. Harshman; William F. Flynn

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

A three-phase multi-legged transformer model in ATP using the directly-formed inverse inductance matrix  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new transformer model based on core topology is developed. The model simulates the transformer as a set of coupled inductances. Winding flux linkages are chosen as state variables and currents are computed from the flux linkages using the directly-formed inverse inductance matrix, the {Gamma}-matrix. Due to the strong magnetic coupling among the windings, the inductance matrix of a transformer is ill-conditioned. Directly forming the {Gamma}-matrix will not only speed up the computation but also make it more stable. Transformer core saturation is represented by its anhysteretic magnetization curve. Eddy current and hysteresis losses of the core, and stray losses of the transformer are accounted for by a resistive load on the secondary. Winding capacitances are lumped to the terminals, the model is thus accurate up to 5 kHz. A supporting routine is written to generate {lambda}-i curve data for each segment of the core and the other input data for EMTP. The model has been incorporated into the Alternative Transients Program (ATP), the BPA EMTP, for evaluation, and has passed the benchmark test of the GPU line energization test of 1973.

Chen, X. [Seattle Univ., WA (United States). Dept. of Electrical Engineering

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Certification of NIST Standard Reference Material 1575a Pine ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... to allow degassing of NO2 and CO2. ... Coupled Plasma- Atomic Emission Spectrometry.” PH ... Instituto Tecnológico E Nuclear Sacavem, Portugal ...

177

Steady State Analysis of an induction generator infinite bus system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

analysis of grid connected wind energy conver- sion systems employing induction generators, one1 Steady State Analysis of an induction generator infinite bus system Rajesh G Kavasseri Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering North Dakota State University, Fargo, ND 58105 - 5285, USA (email: rajesh

Kavasseri, Rajesh

178

Doubly-fed induction generator torque in wind turbines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The field oriented doubly-fed induction generator (DFIG) is being increasingly used in variable speed wind turbines. It is therefore indispensable to become better acquainted with electrical and mechanical DFIG features in both stationary and dynamic ... Keywords: doubly-fed induction generator (DFIG), torque characteristic of DFIG

Jurica Smajo; Dinko Vukadinovic

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Doubly-fed induction generator used in wind energy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wound-rotor induction generator has numerous advantages in wind power generation over other generators. One scheme for wound-rotor induction generator is realized when a converter cascade is used between the slip-ring terminals and the utility grid to ...

Hany M. Jabr Soloumah

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Control of Doubly-Fed Induction Generator System Using PIDNNs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An intelligent control stand-alone doubly-fed induction generator (DFIG) system using proportional-integral-derivative neural network (PIDNN) is proposed in this study. This system can be applied as a stand-alone power supply system or as the emergency ... Keywords: Doubly-fed induction generator, field-oriented control, proportional-integral-derivative neural network

Faa-Jeng Lin; Jonq-Chin Hwang; Kuang-Hsiung Tan; Zong-Han Lu; Yung-Ruei Chang

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inductively coupled plasma-atomic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Power and Voltage Smooth Control of Doubly Fed Induction Generator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Doubly-fed induction generator (DFIG) is the leading in wind power technology currently. In this paper, decoupling control of DFIG is studied and a new energy storage device is used in the smooth control of DFIG system's power and voltage. This new method ... Keywords: Doubly fed induction generator, Energy storage device, Decoupling control

An-Ren Ma, Cai-Xia Wang, Zhi-Wen Zhou, Tao Wu

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Inductive Reasoning and Programming Visualization, an Experiment Proposal  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We lay down plans to study how Inductive Reasoning Ability (IRA) affects the analyzing and understanding of Program Visualization (PV) systems. Current PV systems do not take into account the abilities of the user but show always the same visualization ... Keywords: Adaptive systems, Inductive reasoning, Program visualization, User modelling

Andrés Moreno; Niko Myller; Erkki Sutinen; Taiyu Lin; Kinshuk

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Pharmacophore Discovery Using the Inductive Logic Programming System PROGOL  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a case study of a machine-aided knowledge discovery process within the general area of drug design. Within drug design, the particular problem of pharmacophore discovery is isolated, and the Inductive Logic Programming (ILP) system ... Keywords: inductive logic programming, pharmacophore, structure-activity prediction

Paul Finn; Stephen Muggleton; David Page; Ashwin Srinivasan

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Simple Coupled Midlatitude Climate Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A set of simple analytical models is presented and evaluated for interannual to decadal coupled ocean–atmosphere modes at midlatitudes. The atmosphere and ocean are each in Sverdrup balance at these long timescales. The atmosphere’s temperature ...

Lynne D. Talley

1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Vacuum Induction Melting Unit Induction heating is a process wherein induced eddy currents heat conductive materials. This heating  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Vacuum Induction Melting Unit Induction heating is a process wherein induced eddy currents heat can be melted at a time. There are three main parts to the system: chiller, power unit and vacuum unit. The vacuum unit with rotary and diffusion pumps can attain a vacuum of 106 m bar. The power can deliver

Subramaniam, Anandh

186

Models of radiofrequency coupling for negative ion sources  

SciTech Connect

Radiofrequency heating for ICP (inductively coupled plasma) ion sources depends on the source operating pressure, the presence or absence of a Faraday shield, the driver coil geometry, the frequency used, and the magnetic field configuration: in negative ion source a magnetic filter seems necessary for H{sup -} survival. The result of single particle simulations showing the possibility of electron acceleration in the preglow regime and for reasonable driver chamber radius (15 cm) is reported, also as a function of the static external magnetic field. An effective plasma conductivity, depending not only from electron density, temperature, and rf field but also on static magnetic field is here presented and compared to previous models. Use of this conductivity and of multiphysics tools for a plasma transport and heating model is shown and discussed for a small source.

Cavenago, M.; Petrenko, S. [INFN-LNL, viale dell'Universita n.2, 35020 Legnaro (Italy)

2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

187

Dynamic average-value modeling of doubly-fed induction generator wind energy conversion systems.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In a Doubly-fed Induction Generator (DFIG) wind energy conversion system, the rotor of a wound rotor induction generator is connected to the grid via a… (more)

Shahab, Azin

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Nonlinear Dual-Mode Control of Variable-Speed Wind Turbines with Doubly Fed Induction Generators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents a feedback/feedforward nonlinear controller for variable-speed wind turbines with doubly fed induction generators. By appropriately adjusting the rotor voltages and the blade pitch angle, the controller simultaneously enables: (a) control of the active power in both the maximum power tracking and power regulation modes, (b) seamless switching between the two modes, and (c) control of the reactive power so that a desirable power factor is maintained. Unlike many existing designs, the controller is developed based on original, nonlinear, electromechanically-coupled models of wind turbines, without attempting approximate linearization. Its development consists of three steps: (i) employ feedback linearization to exactly cancel some of the nonlinearities and perform arbitrary pole placement, (ii) design a speed controller that makes the rotor angular velocity track a desired reference whenever possible, and (iii) introduce a Lyapunov-like function and present a gradient-based approach for mini...

Tang, Choon Yik; Jiang, John N

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Prototyping Energy Efficient Thermo-Magnetic & Induction Hardening for Heat Treat & Net Shape Forming Applications  

SciTech Connect

Within this project, Eaton undertook the task of bringing about significant impact with respect to sustainability. One of the major goals for the Department of Energy is to achieve energy savings with a corresponding reduction in carbon foot print. The use of a coupled induction heat treatment with high magnetic field heat treatment makes possible not only improved performance alloys, but with faster processing times and lower processing energy, as well. With this technology, substitution of lower cost alloys for more exotic alloys became a possibility; microstructure could be tailored for improved magnetic properties or wear resistance or mechanical performance, as needed. A prototype commercial unit has been developed to conduct processing of materials. Testing of this equipment has been conducted and results demonstrate the feasibility for industrial commercialization.

Aquil Ahmad

2012-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

190

Planar slot coupled microwave hybrid  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A symmetrical 180.degree. microwave hybrid is constructed by opening a slot line in a ground plane below a conducting strip disposed on a dielectric substrate, creating a slot coupled conductor. Difference signals propagating on the slot coupled conductor are isolated on the slot line leaving sum signals to propagate on the microstrip. The difference signal is coupled from the slot line onto a second microstrip line for transmission to a desired location. The microstrip branches in a symmetrical fashion to provide the input/output ports of the 180.degree. hybrid. The symmetry of the device provides for balance and isolation between sum and difference signals, and provides an advantageous balance between the power handling capabilities and the bandwidth of the device.

Petter, Jeffrey K. (Williston, VT)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Quantum solitons at strong coupling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We examine the effect of one loop quantum corrections on the formation of nontopological solitons in a strongly coupled scalar-fermionic Yukawa theory. The exact one fermion loop contribution is incorporated by using a nonlocal method to correct the local derivative expansion approximation (DE) of the effective action. As the Yukawa coupling is increased we find that the nonlocal corrections play an increasingly important role. The corrections cause the scalar field to increase in depth while maintaining its size. This increases the energy of the bag configuration, but this is compensated for by more tightly bound fermionic states with lower energy. In contrast to the semi-classical picture without quantum corrections, the binding energy is small, and the total energy scales directly with the Yukawa coupling. This confirms the qualitative behavior found in earlier work using the second order DE, although the quantitative solutions differ.

Stewart, I W; Stewart, Iain W.; Blunden, Peter G.

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

THE RESULTS OF TESTING TO EVALUATE CRYSTAL FORMATION AND SETTLING IN THE COLD CRUCIBLE INDUCTION MELTER  

SciTech Connect

The Cold Crucible Induction Melter (CCIM) technology offers the potential to increase waste loading for High Level Waste (HLW) glasses leading to significant improvements in waste throughput rates compared to the reference Joule Heated Melter (JHM). Prior to implementation of a CCIM in a production facility it is necessary to better understand processing constraints associated with the CCIM. The glass liquidus temperature requirement for processing in the CCIM is an open issue. Testing was conducted to evaluate crystal formation and crystal settling during processing in the CCIM to gain insight into the effects on processing. A high aluminum/high iron content glass composition with known crystal formation tendencies was selected for testing. A continuous melter test was conducted for approximately 51 hours. To evaluate crystal formation, glass samples were obtained from pours and from glass receipt canisters where the glass melt had varying residence time in the melter. Additionally, upon conclusion of the testing, glass samples from the bottom of the melter were obtained to assess the degree of crystal settling. Glass samples were characterized in an attempt to determine quantitative fractions of crystals in the glass matrix. Crystal identity and relative composition were determined using a combination of x-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy coupled with energy dispersive spectroscopy (SEM/EDS). Select samples were also analyzed by digesting the glass and determining the composition using inductively coupled atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP-AES). There was evidence of crystal formation (primarily spinels) in the melt and during cooling of the collected glass. There was evidence of crystal settling in the melt over the duration of the melter campaign.

Marra, J.

2009-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

193

Method and system for determining induction motor speed ...  

A non-linear, semi-parametric neural network-based adaptive filter is utilized to determine the dynamic speed of a rotating rotor within an induction motor, without ...

194

Induction machine stray loss from inter-bar currents  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Stray load loss refers generally to the sources of induction machine loss not accounted for by typical calculations of primary or secondary copper loss, no load core loss, or friction and windage loss. Harmonic rotor bar ...

Englebretson, Steven Carl

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Towards a More Efficient Evolutionary Induction of Bayesian Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Bayesian networks (BNs) constitute a useful tool to model the joint distribution of a set of random variables of interest. This paper is concerned with the network induction problem. We propose a number of hybrid recombination operators for extracting ...

Carlos Cotta; Jorge Muruzábal

2002-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

A microfabricated ElectroQuasiStatic induction turbine-generator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An ElectroQuasiStatic (EQS) induction machine has been fabricated and has generated net electric power. A maximum power output of 192 [mu]W at 235 krpm has been measured under driven excitation of the six phases. Self ...

Steyn, J. Lodewyk (Jasper Lodewyk), 1976-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Development of magnetic induction machines for micro turbo machinery  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis presents the nonlinear analysis, design, fabrication, and testing of an axial-gap magnetic induction micro machine, which is a two-phase planar motor in which the rotor is suspended above the stator via mechanical ...

KöÅŸ er, Hür, 1976-

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Modelling of transformations during induction hardening and tempering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There are many circumstances in industry where steel components are locally heated into the austenite phase field, and then quenched rapidly to produce a hardened region. Induction hardening is one such process used widely in the manufacture...

Gaude-Fugarolas, Daniel

199

Applications of the VLF Induction Method For Studying Some Volcanic  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

the VLF Induction Method For Studying Some Volcanic the VLF Induction Method For Studying Some Volcanic Processes of Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Applications Of The Vlf Induction Method For Studying Some Volcanic Processes Of Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: The very low-frequency (VLF) induction method has found exceptional utility in studying various volcanic processes of Kilauea volcano, Hawaii because: (1) significant anomalies result exclusively from ionically conductive magma or still-hot intrusions (> 800°C) and the attendant electrolytically conductive hot groundwater; (2) basalt flows forming the bulk of Kilauea have very high resistivities at shallow depths that result in low geologic noise levels and relatively deep depths of

200

Inductively stabilized, long pulse duration transverse discharge apparatus  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An inductively stabilized, long pulse duration transverse discharge apparatus. The use of a segmented electrode where each segment is attached to an inductive element permits high-energy, high-efficiency, long pulsed laser outputs to be obtained. The apparatus has been demonstrated with rare gas halide lasing media. Orders of magnitude increase in pulse repetition frequency are obtained in lasing devices that do not utilize gas flow.

Sze, R.C.

1983-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inductively coupled plasma-atomic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Inductively stabilized, long pulse duration transverse discharge apparatus  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An inductively stabilized, long pulse duration transverse discharge apparatus. The use of a segmented electrode where each segment is attached to an inductive element permits high energy, high efficiency, long-pulsed laser outputs to be obtained. The present apparatus has been demonstrated with rare-gas halide lasing media. Orders of magnitude increase in pulse repetition frequency are obtained in lasing devices that do not utilize gas flow.

Sze, Robert C. (Santa Fe, NM)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Linear induction accelerator and pulse forming networks therefor  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A linear induction accelerator includes a plurality of adder cavities arranged in a series and provided in a structure which is evacuated so that a vacuum inductance is provided between each adder cavity and the structure. An energy storage system for the adder cavities includes a pulsed current source and a respective plurality of bipolar converting networks connected thereto. The bipolar high-voltage, high-repetition-rate square pulse train sets and resets the cavities.

Buttram, Malcolm T. (Sandia Park, NM); Ginn, Jerry W. (Albuquerque, NM)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

High-current pulses from inductive energy stores  

SciTech Connect

Superconducting inductive energy stores can be used for high power pulse supplies if a suitable current multiplication scheme is used. The concept of an inductive Marx generator is superior to a transformer. A third scheme, a variable flux linkage device, is suggested; in multiplying current it also compresses energy. Its function is in many ways analogous to that of a horsewhip. Superconductor limits indicate that peak power levels of TW can be reached for stored energies above 1 MJ.

Wipf, S.L.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Power reduction control for inductive lighting installation  

SciTech Connect

A control system for continuously, selectively reducing power consumption in an inductive lighting installation energized from an A.C. power source, the installation including at least one gas discharge lamp such as a fluorescent lamp energized through any of a plurality of different types of electromagnetic ballast having different harmonic distortion characteristics, the control system is described comprising: load energizing circuit means, including a signal-actuated normally-closed primary switch, for connecting an A.C. power source to the lighting installation; a signal-actuated, normally-open secondary switch connected in parallel with the lighting installation; actuation means for generating actuation signals and applying such actuation signals to the primary and secondary switches to actuate the primary switch open and to actuate the secondary switch closed in approximate time coincidence in each half-cycle of the A.C. power; zero-crossing detector means for generating zero-crossing signals at times TX indicative of zero-voltage transitions in the A.C. power; and program means, connected to the zero-crossing detector means and to the actuation means, programming the actuation means to generate (a) power reduction actuation signals at times T1 and T2 in each half-cycle of the A.C. power, (b) a first filter actuation signal at a time T3 prior to each zero-crossing time TX, and (c) a second filter actuation signal at a time T4 following each zero-crossing time TX; the program means including a plurality of programs each establishing a set of times T1, T2, T3 and T4 for several different power reduction levels for a particular type of ballast; and selection means for selecting a program to match the ballast type of the load.

Falk, K.R.

1993-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

205

Off-resonance frequency operation for power transfer in a loosely coupled air core transformer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A power transmission system includes a loosely coupled air core transformer having a resonance frequency determined by a product of inductance and capacitance of a primary circuit including a primary coil. A secondary circuit is configured to have a substantially same product of inductance and capacitance. A back EMF generating device (e.g., a battery), which generates a back EMF with power transfer, is attached to the secondary circuit. Once the load power of the back EMF generating device exceeds a certain threshold level, which depends on the system parameters, the power transfer can be achieved at higher transfer efficiency if performed at an operating frequency less than the resonance frequency, which can be from 50% to 95% of the resonance frequency.

Scudiere, Matthew B

2012-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

206

Perovskite catalysts for oxidative coupling  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Perovskites of the structure A[sub 2]B[sub 2]C[sub 3]O[sub 10] are useful as catalysts for the oxidative coupling of lower alkane to heavier hydrocarbons. A is alkali metal; B is lanthanide or lanthanum, cerium, neodymium, samarium, praseodymium, gadolinium or dysprosium; and C is titanium.

Campbell, K.D.

1991-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

207

Orientations of two coupled molecules  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Orientation states of two coupled polar molecules controlled by laser pulses are studied theoretically. By varying the period of a series of periodically applied laser pulse, transition from regular to chaotic behavior may occur. Schmidt decomposition is used to measure the degree of entanglement. It is found that the entanglement can be enhanced by increasing the strength of laser pulse.

Ying-Yen Liao; Yueh-Nan Chen; Der-San Chuu

2004-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

208

Modeling resource-coupled computations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Increasingly massive datasets produced by simulations beg the question How will we connect this data to the computational and display resources that support visualization and analysis? This question is driving research into new approaches to allocating ... Keywords: coupled computations, data intensive computing, high-performance computing, simulation

Mark Hereld; Joseph A. Insley; Eric C. Olson; Michael E. Papka; Thomas D. Uram; Venkatram Vishwanath

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Backstepping controller for Doubly Fed Induction Motor with bi-directional  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

studies focused in the study of wind energy conversion systems using doubly fed induction generator (DFIG

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

210

Fixed and variable speed induction generators for real power loss minimization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The application of induction generators in the wind power industry is standard practice. An induction generator draws reactive power from the network depending on its real power output, such that the greater the real power exported to the network, the ... Keywords: doubly- fed induction generator, induction generator, line loss, reactive power

S. Durairaj; D. Flynn; B. Fox

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Coating crystalline nuclear waste forms to improve inertness  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Crystalline waste forms of high simulated waste loading were successfully coated with layers of pyrolytic carbon and silicon carbide. Sol-gel technology was used to produce microspheres that contained simulated waste. A separate process for cesium immobilization was developed, which loads 5 wt % Cs onto zeolite particles for subsequent coating. The chemical vapor deposition process was developed for depositing thin layers of carbon and silicon carbide onto particles in a fluidized-bed coater. Pyrolytic carbon-coated particles were extremely inert in numerous leach tests. Aqueous leach test results of coated waste forms were below detection limits of such sensitive analytical techniques as atomic absorption and inductively coupled plasma atomic emission.

Stinton, D.P.; Angelini, P.; Caputo, A.J.; Lackey, W.J.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

PU IMMOBILIZATION - INDUCTION MELTING ND OFFGAS TESTING  

SciTech Connect

The Cylindrical Induction Melter (CIM) at the Aiken County Technology Laboratory (ACTL) has been operated by the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) to support the Pu Disposition Conceptual Design (CD-0) development effort. The primary purpose of this report is to summarize the offgas sampling tests conducted in the CIM to capture and analyze the particulate and vapors emitted from lanthanide borosilicate (LaBS) Frit X with HfO{sub 2} as a surrogate for PuO{sub 2} and added impurities. In addition, this report describes several initial tests of the CIM for the vitrification of LaBS Frit X with HfO{sub 2}. The activities required to produce Frit X from batch chemical oxides for subsequent milling to yield glass frit of nominally 20 micron particle size are also discussed. The tests with impurities added showed that alkali salts such as NaCl and KCl were substantially emitted into the offgas system as the salt particulate, HCl, or Cl{sub 2}. Retention of Na and K in the glass were about 80 and 55%, respectively. Chloride retention was about 35%; chloride remaining in the glass was 0.29-0.37 wt%. Based on a material balance, approximately 83% of F fed was retained in the glass at about 0.09 wt % (F could not be measured directly at this concentration). Transition metals (Ni, Cu, Fe, Mo, Cr) were also volatilized to varying extents. A very small amount (<0.1 g) of nickel compounds and KCl were found in crystals deposited on the melter offgas line. Overall, about 58-72% of the impurities added were volatilized. Virtually all of the particulate species were collected on the nominal 0.3 {micro}m filter. The particulate evolution rate ranged from 2-8 g/kg glass/h. The particulate was found to be as small as 0.2 {micro}m and have an approximate median size of 0.5 {micro}m. The particulate salt was also found to stick together by forming bridges between particles. Further runs without washable salts are recommended. Measurements of particle size distribution for use in offgas system design and tests of simple impingement devices for particle collection are also recommended for tests in the near future.

Marra, J

2006-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

213

A quantum description of radiation damping and the free induction signal in magnetic resonance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We apply the methods of cavity quantum electrodynamics (CQED), to obtain a microscopic and fully quantum-mechanical picture of radiation damping in magnetic resonance, and the nascent formation of the free induction signal. Numerical solution of the Tavis-Cummings model - i.e., multiple spins 1/2 coupled to a lossless single-mode cavity - shows in fine detail the transfer of Zeeman energy, via spin coherence, to excite the cavity - represented here by a quantized LC resonator. The case of a single spin is also solved analytically. Although the motion of the Bloch vector is non-classical, we nonetheless show that the quantum mechanical Rabi nutation frequency (as enhanced by cavity coupling and stimulated emission) gives realistic estimates of macroscopic signal strength and the radiation damping constant in nuclear magnetic resonance. We also show how to introduce dissipation: cavity losses by means of a master equation, and relaxation by the phenomenological method of Bloch. The failure to obtain the full Bloch equations (unless semi-classical conditions are imposed on the cavity) is discussed in light of similar issues arising in CQED (and in earlier work in magnetic resonance as well), as are certain problems relative to quantization of the electromagnetic near-field.

Tropp, James [General Electric Healthcare Technologies, 47697 Westinghouse Drive, Fremont, California 94539 (United States)

2013-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

214

The COLA Global Coupled and Anomaly Coupled Ocean–Atmosphere GCM  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Center for Ocean–Land–Atmosphere Studies (COLA) global coupled and anomaly coupled ocean–atmosphere GCM models are described. The ocean and atmosphere components of these coupled models are identical. The only difference between them is in ...

Ben P. Kirtman; Yun Fan; Edwin K. Schneider

2002-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

MCT: Model Coupling Toolkit | Argonne National Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

MCT: Model Coupling Toolkit MCT: Model Coupling Toolkit MCT: Model Coupling Toolkit MCT is a set of open-source software tools for creating coupled models. MCT is fully parallel and can be used to couple message-passing parallel models to create a parallel coupled model. MCT is available as a small library and a set of Fortran90 modules. MCT provides model interoperability through a simple API. Two models that declare and use MCT datatypes can be coupled with a minimum of effort. MCT provides the following core coupling services: A component model registry Domain decomposition descriptors Communications schedulers for parallel MxN intercomponent data transfer and MxM intracomponent data redistribution A flexible and indexible (i.e., random-access) field data storage datatype A time averaging and accumulation buffer datatype

216

The Challenges to Coupling Dynamic Geospatial Models  

SciTech Connect

Many applications of modeling spatial dynamic systems focus on a single system and a single process, ignoring the geographic and systemic context of the processes being modeled. A solution to this problem is the coupled modeling of spatial dynamic systems. Coupled modeling is challenging for both technical reasons, as well as conceptual reasons. This paper explores the benefits and challenges to coupling or linking spatial dynamic models, from loose coupling, where information transfer between models is done by hand, to tight coupling, where two (or more) models are merged as one. To illustrate the challenges, a coupled model of Urbanization and Wildfire Risk is presented. This model, called Vesta, was applied to the Santa Barbara, California region (using real geospatial data), where Urbanization and Wildfires occur and recur, respectively. The preliminary results of the model coupling illustrate that coupled modeling can lead to insight into the consequences of processes acting on their own.

Goldstein, N

2006-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

217

Coexistence of Equatorial Coupled Modes of ENSO  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To study the regimes of leading ocean–atmosphere coupled modes of relevance to the El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) phenomenon, a comprehensive eigenmode analysis of an intermediate coupled model linearized with respect to an array of basic ...

Luis Bejarano; Fei-Fei Jin

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

NDCX-II PULSED POWER SYSTEM AND INDUCTION CELLS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Heavy Ion Fusion Science Virtual National Laboratory (HIFS-VNL) is currently finalizing the design of NDCX-II, the second phase of the Neutralized Drift Compression Experiment, which will use an ion beam to explore Warm Dense Matter (WDM) and Inertial Fusion Energy (IFE) target hydrodynamics. The ion induction accelerator will include induction cells and Blumleins from the decommissioned Advanced Test Accelerator (ATA) at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). A test stand has been built at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) to test refurbished ATA induction cells and pulsed power hardware for voltage holding and ability to produce various compression and acceleration waveforms. The performance requirements, design modifications, and test results will be presented.

Waldron, W.L.; Reginato, L.L.; Leitner, M.

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Coupling apparatus for a metal vapor laser  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Coupling apparatus for a large bore metal vapor laser is disclosed. The coupling apparatus provides for coupling high voltage pulses (approximately 40 KV) to a metal vapor laser with a high repetition rate (approximately 5 KHz). The coupling apparatus utilizes existing thyratron circuits and provides suitable power input to a large bore metal vapor laser while maintaining satisfactory operating lifetimes for the existing thyratron circuits.

Ball, D.G.; Miller, J.L.

1993-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

220

Vapor phase modifiers for oxidative coupling  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Volatilized metal compounds retard vapor phase alkane conversion reactions in oxidative coupling processes that convert lower alkanes to higher hydrocarbons.

Warren, Barbara K. (Charleston, WV)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inductively coupled plasma-atomic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Coupling Renewable Energy Supply with Deferrable Demand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Scale Renewable Energy Integration . . . . . . . . . . .Impacts of Renewable Energy Supply . . . . . . . . . . . . .1.3 Coupling Renewable Energy with Deferrable

Papavasiliou, Anthony

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Recombination probability of oxygen atoms on dynamic stainless steel surfaces in inductively coupled O{sub 2} plasmas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors have investigated the influence of plasma exposure time (t) on the Langmuir-Hinshelwood (i.e., delayed) recombination of O atoms on electropolished stainless steel surfaces using the spinning-wall method. They found a recombination probability ({gamma}{sub O}) of 0.13{+-}0.01 after about 60 min of plasma exposure. {gamma}{sub O} decreased to 0.09{+-}0.01 for t{>=}12 h and was independent of the O flux impinging onto the surface. These recombination probabilities are much lower than those obtained in plasma chambers exclusively made of stainless steel, but similar to values recorded in stainless steel reactors with large silica surfaces exposed to the plasma. Near real-time elemental analysis by in situ Auger electron spectroscopy showed that the stainless steel surface became rapidly coated with a Si-oxide-based layer (Fe:[Si+Al]:O{approx_equal}2:1:9 for t=60 min and 1:2:9 for t=12 h), due to the slow erosion of the silica discharge tube and anodized Al chamber walls. Thus, the recombination probability of oxygen atoms on stainless steel in plasma reactors with large amounts of exposed silica is largely determined by the amount of sputtered silica coating the chamber walls.

Stafford, Luc; Guha, Joydeep; Donnelly, Vincent M. [Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of Houston, Houston, Texas 77204 (United States)

2008-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

223

Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometry with Collision/Reaction Cell Technology for Analysis of Flue Gas Desulfurization Wastew aters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Flue gas desulfurization (FGD) wastewater is produced by pollution control equipment used on coal-fired power plants to reduce sulfur dioxide emissions to air. Wet FGD scrubbers produce an aqueous blowdown stream that contains trace levels of metals that have been adsorbed from flue gas. Power plant owners need to measure concentrations of these metals for purposes of process control, discharge monitoring, or design and operation of wastewater treatment systems. FGD water is a very difficult matrix ...

2012-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

224

Comparison of matrix effects in inductively coupled plasma using laser ablation and solution nebulization for dry and wet plasma conditions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by the Office of Environmental Waste Management and OfficeOffice of Basic Energy Science, Chemical Science Division and by the Environmental Management

Chan, George C.-Y.; Chan, Wing-Tat; Mao, Xianglei; Russo, Richard E.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Soft Computing Application in Fault Detection of Induction Motor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper investigates the effectiveness of different patter classifier like Feed Forward Back Propagation (FFBPN), Radial Basis Function (RBF) and Support Vector Machine (SVM) for detection of bearing faults in Induction Motor. The steady state motor current with Park's Transformation has been used for discrimination of inner race and outer race bearing defects. The RBF neural network shows very encouraging results for multi-class classification problems and is hoped to set up a base for incipient fault detection of induction motor. SVM is also found to be a very good fault classifier which is highly competitive with RBF.

Konar, P.; Puhan, P. S.; Chattopadhyay, P. Dr. [Electrical Engineering Department, BESUS, Shibpur (India)

2010-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

226

Induction Linac Systems Experiments for heavy ion fusion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory and the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory propose to build at LBL the Induction Linac Systems Experiments (ILSE), the next logical step toward the eventual goal of a heavy ion induction accelerator powerful enough to implode or drive inertial confinement fusion targets. Though much smaller than a driver, ILSE will be at full driver scale in several important parameters. Nearly all accelerator components and beam manipulations required for a driver will be tested. It is expected that ILSE will be built in stages as funds and technical progress allow. The first stage, called Elise will include all of the electrostatic quadrupole focused parts of ILSE.

Herrmannsfeldt, W.B. [Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, Menlo Park, CA (United States); Bangerter, R.O. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States). Accelerator and Fusion Research Div.

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

BSM Theories Face Higgs Coupling data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss how much Higgs couplings (including the Higgs self coupling) can deviate from their Standard Model values, in different Beyond Standard Model (BSM) theories, if no other BSM states are accessible at the LHC. Then, we focus on supersymmetric theories and show that there is a connection between the mechanism to raise the Higgs mass and the pattern of Higgs coupling deviations.

Rick S. Gupta

2013-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

228

Coupled dual loop absorption heat pump  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A coupled dual loop absorption system which utilizes two separate complete loops. Each individual loop operates at three temperatures and two pressures. This low temperature loop absorber and condenser are thermally coupled to the high temperature loop evaporator, and the high temperature loop condenser and absorber are thermally coupled to the low temperature generator.

Sarkisian, Paul H. (Watertown, MA); Reimann, Robert C. (Lafayette, NY); Biermann, Wendell J. (Fayetteville, NY)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Coupled Parabolic Equations for Wave Propagation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Coupled Parabolic Equations for Wave Propagation Kai Huang, Knut Solna and Hongkai Zhao #3; April 30, 2004 Abstract We develop an algorithm using two coupled parabolic equations for numerical simulation of wave propagation over long distances. The coupled parabolic equations are derived from a two

Zhao, Hongkai

230

Strong coupling analysis of diquark condensation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The phenomenon of diquark condensation at non-zero baryon density and zero temperature is analyzed in the strong coupling limit of lattice QCD. The results indicate that there is attraction in the quark-quark channel also at strong coupling, and that the attraction is more effective at high baryon density, but for infinite coupling it is not enough to produce diquark condensation. It is argued that the absence of diquark condensation is not a peculiarity of the strong coupling limit, but persists at sufficiently large finite couplings.

Vicente Azcoiti; Giuseppe Di Carlo; Angelo Galante; Victor Laliena

2004-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

231

MCT--The Model Coupling Toolkit  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Model Coupling Toolkit Model Coupling Toolkit MCT is a set of open-source software tools for creating coupled models. MCT is fully parallel and can be used to couple message-passing parallel models to create a parallel coupled model. MCT is available as a small library and a set of Fortran90 modules. MCT provides model interoperability through a simple API. Two models that declare and use MCT datatypes can be coupled with a minimum of effort. MCT provides the following core coupling services: a component model registry domain decomposition descriptors communications schedulers for parallel MxN intercomponent data transfer and MxM intracomponent data redistribution a flexible and indexible (i.e., random-access) field data storage datatype a time averaging and accumulation buffer datatype

232

Induction of robust classifiers for web ontologies through kernel machines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper focuses on the task of approximate classification of semantically annotated individual resources in ontological knowledge bases. The method is based on classification models built through kernel methods, a well-known class of effective statistical ... Keywords: Individual classification, Inductive reasoning, Kernel methods, Ontology mining, Similarity, Support vector machines

Nicola Fanizzi; Claudia d'Amato; Floriana Esposito

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Annular linear induction pump with an externally supported duct  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Several embodiments of an annular linear induction pump for pumping liquid metals are disclosed having the features of generally one pass flow of the liquid metal through the pump and an increased efficiency resulting from the use of thin duct walls to enclose the stator. The stator components of this pump are removable for repair and replacement.

Craig, Edwin R. (San Jose, CA); Semken, Robert S. (Idaho Falls, ID)

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Accelerating improvement of fuzzy rules induction with artificial immune systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper introduces an algorithmic improvement to IFRAIS, an existing Artificial Immune System method for fuzzy rule mining. The improvement presented consists of using rule buffering during the computation of fitness of rules. This is achieved using ... Keywords: artificial immune system, data mining, fuzzy rules induction

Edward Mezyk; Olgierd Unold

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Inductively heated particulate matter filter regeneration control system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A system includes a particulate matter (PM) filter with an upstream end for receiving exhaust gas, a downstream end and zones. The system also includes a heating element. A control module selectively activates the heating element to inductively heat one of the zones.

Gonze, Eugene V; Paratore Jr., Michael J; Kirby, Kevin W; Phelps, Amanda; Gregoire, Daniel J

2012-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

236

Mapping clay content variation using electromagnetic induction techniques  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Effective management of the soil resource requires basic information about the spatial distribution of various attributes. A method widely used for providing spatial information is a combination of sampling strategies and geostatistics. However, geostatistical ... Keywords: EM34, EM38, Electromagnetic induction, Fuzzy k-means and extragrades classification, Spatial response surface sampling

J. Triantafilis; S. M. Lesch

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Integration of induction generator dynamics in multimachine system transient analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The impact of electrical transients of asynchronous wind generators on the synchronous generators is often ignored to keep the analysis of multimachine systems simple. A steady drift of slip from the nominal value, while of no consequence from power ... Keywords: dynamic modeling of wind systems, induction generator, power system, wind generation

A. H. M. A. Rahim; E. P. Nowicki

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Standard practices for dissolving glass containing radioactive and mixed waste for chemical and radiochemical analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1.1 These practices cover techniques suitable for dissolving glass samples that may contain nuclear wastes. These techniques used together or independently will produce solutions that can be analyzed by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP-AES), inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS), atomic absorption spectrometry (AAS), radiochemical methods and wet chemical techniques for major components, minor components and radionuclides. 1.2 One of the fusion practices and the microwave practice can be used in hot cells and shielded hoods after modification to meet local operational requirements. 1.3 The user of these practices must follow radiation protection guidelines in place for their specific laboratories. 1.4 Additional information relating to safety is included in the text. 1.5 The dissolution techniques described in these practices can be used for quality control of the feed materials and the product of plants vitrifying nuclear waste materials in glass. 1.6 These pr...

American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Improved efficiency and precise temperature control of low-frequency induction-heating pure iron vapor source on ECR ion source  

SciTech Connect

Multiply charged ions to be used prospectively are produced from solid pure material in an electron cyclotron resonance ion source (ECRIS). Recently a pure iron source is also required for the production of caged iron ions in the fullerene in order to control cells in vivo in bio-nano science and technology. We adopt directly heating iron rod by induction heating (IH) because it has non-contact with insulated materials which are impurity gas sources. We choose molybdenum wire for the IH coils because it doesn't need water cooling. To improve power efficiency and temperature control, we propose to the new circuit without previously using the serial and parallel dummy coils (SPD) for matching and safety. We made the circuit consisted of inductively coupled coils which are thin-flat and helix shape, and which insulates the IH power source from the evaporator. This coupling coils circuit, i.e. insulated induction heating coil transformer (IHCT), can be move mechanically. The secondary current can be adjusted precisely and continuously. Heating efficiency by using the IHCT is much higher than those of previous experiments by using the SPD, because leakage flux is decreased and matching is improved simultaneously. We are able to adjust the temperature in heating the vapor source around melting point. And then the vapor pressure can be controlled precisely by using the IHCT. We can control {+-}10K around 1500 Degree-Sign C by this method, and also recognize to controlling iron vapor flux experimentally in the extreme low pressures. Now we come into next stage of developing induction heating vapor source for materials with furthermore high temperature melting points above 2000K with the IHCT, and then apply it in our ECRIS.

Kato, Y.; Takenaka, T.; Yano, K.; Kiriyama, R.; Kurisu, Y.; Nozaki, D.; Muramatsu, M.; Kitagawa, A.; Uchida, T.; Yoshida, Y.; Sato, F.; Iida, T. [Osaka Univ., 2-1 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka, 565-0871 (Japan); National Institute of Radiological Science (NIRS), 4-9-1 Anagawa, Inage, Chiba, 263-8555 (Japan); Bio-Nano Electronics Research Centre, Toyo Univ., 2100 Kuzirai, Kawagoe, Saitama, 350-8585 (Japan); Osaka Univ., 2-1 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka, 565-0871 (Japan)

2012-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

240

Fundamentals of Electric Power Conversion: Volume 1: Operating Characteristics and Testing of AC Induction Motors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The prominence of ac motor-driven systems in the energy consumption field has made them the target of numerous efficiency improvements. This report describes how induction motors work, explains their characteristics, and discusses induction motor testing.

1999-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inductively coupled plasma-atomic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Welding shield for coupling heaters  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Systems for coupling end portions of two elongated heater portions and methods of using such systems to treat a subsurface formation are described herein. A system may include a holding system configured to hold end portions of the two elongated heater portions so that the end portions are abutted together or located near each other; a shield for enclosing the end portions, and one or more inert gas inlets configured to provide at least one inert gas to flush the system with inert gas during welding of the end portions. The shield may be configured to inhibit oxidation during welding that joins the end portions together. The shield may include a hinged door that, when closed, is configured to at least partially isolate the interior of the shield from the atmosphere. The hinged door, when open, is configured to allow access to the interior of the shield.

Menotti, James Louis (Dickinson, TX)

2010-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

242

Optimization of direct drive induction motors for electric ship propulsion with high speed propellers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Direct drive electric ship propulsion can offer increased flexibility and reduced overall fuel consumption compared to geared mechanical systems [Davis 1987, Doerry 2007]. As a well-established technology, induction motors are a dependable and economical ... Keywords: AC motors, induction motor drives, induction motors, thermal analysis

S. C. Englebretson; J. L. Kirtley, Jr; C. Chryssostomidis

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Application of genetic algorithms for optimal reactive power planning of doubly fed induction generators  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes optimal reactive power control of a doubly fed induction generator (DFIG), which is widely used in a distributed generating plant. Although its structure is similar to that of induction motors, its reactive power control is more ... Keywords: doubly fed induction generator, genetic algorithms, optimal reactive power planning, optimization

P. Sangsarawut; A. Oonsivilai; T. Kulworawanichpong

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Optimal reactive power planning of doubly fed induction generators using genetic algorithms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes optimal reactive power control of a doubly fed induction generator (DFIG), which is widely used in a distributed generating plant. Although its structure is similar to that of an induction motor, its reactive power control is more ... Keywords: doubly fed induction generator, genetic algorithms, optimal reactive power planning, optimization

P. Sangsarawut; A. Oonsivilai; T. Kulworawanichpong

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Effect of coupling on intrabeam scattering  

SciTech Connect

The effect of coupling between horizontal and vertical betatron oscillations on the growth of a beam due to a intrabeam scattering has been studied. It was suggested that the presence of coupling may reduce the effects of intrabeam scattering. A procedure is outlined for revising intrabeam scattering theory to include coupling. There is one case where a plausible solution is not difficult to find, and this is the case of complete coupling. In this case, although coupling reduces the initial horizontal growth rate by a factor of 2, the final size of the beam after many hours is reduced by about 15%. An invariant is found that relates the energy spread and the transverse beam size that is valid at high energies and for the case of complete coupling.

Parzen, G.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

COUPLING MEASUREMENT AND CORRECTION AT RHIC.  

SciTech Connect

Coupling correction at RHIC has been operationally achieved through a two-step process: using local triplet skew quadrupoles to compensate coupling corn rolled low-beta triplet quadrupoles, and minimizing the tune separation and residual coupling with orthogonal global skew quadrupole families. An application has been developed for global correction that allows skew quadrupole tuning and tune display with a choice of different tune measurement techniques, including tune-meter, Schottky and phase lock loop (PLL). Coupling effects have been analysed by using 1024-turn (TBT) information from the beam position monitor (BPM) system. These data allow the reconstruction of the off-diagonal terms of the transfer matrix, a measure of global coupling. At both injection and storage energies, coordination of tune meter kicks with TBT acquisition at 322 BPM's in each ring allows the measurement of local coupling at all BPM locations.

PILAT,F.; BEEBE-WANG,J.; FISCHER,W.; PTITSYN,V.; SATOGATA,T.

2002-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

247

Joint used for coupling long heaters  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Systems for coupling ends of elongated heaters and methods of using such systems to treat a subsurface formation are described herein. A system may include two elongated heaters with an end portion of one heater abutted or near to an end portion of the other heater and a core coupling material. The core coupling material may extend between the two elongated heaters. The elongated heaters may include cores and at least one conductor substantially concentrically surrounds the cores. The cores may have a lower melting point than the conductors. At least one end portion of the conductor may have a beveled edge. The gap formed by the beveled edge may be filled with a coupling material for coupling the one or more conductors. One end portion of at least one core may have a recessed opening and the core coupling material may be partially inside the recessed opening.

Menottie, James Louis

2013-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

248

Energy localization in two chaotically coupled systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We set up and analyze a random matrix model to study energy localization and its time behavior in two chaotically coupled systems. This investigation is prompted by a recent experimental and theoretical study of Weaver and Lobkis on coupled elastomechanical systems. Our random matrix model properly describes the main features of the findings by Weaver and Lobkis. Due to its general character, our model is also applicable to similar systems in other areas of physics -- for example, to chaotically coupled quantum dots.

Johan Gronqvist; Thomas Guhr

2005-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

249

Mesoscale Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Interaction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

small-scale features in ocean winds. Science, 303, Chelton,of the regional coupled ocean-atmosphere model RCAO. Borealstress dependence on ocean surface velocity: implications

Seo, Hyodae

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Mesoscale coupled ocean-atmosphere interaction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

small-scale features in ocean winds. Science, 303, Chelton,of the regional coupled ocean-atmosphere model RCAO. Borealstress dependence on ocean surface velocity: implications

Seo, Hyodae

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Double perovskite catalysts for oxidative coupling  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Alkali metal doped double perovskites containing manganese and at least one of cobalt, iron and nickel are useful in the oxidative coupling of alkane to higher hydrocarbons.

Campbell, K.D.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Vapor phase modifiers for oxidative coupling  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Volatilized metal compounds are described which are capable of retarding vapor phase alkane conversion reactions in oxidative coupling processes that convert lower alkanes to higher hydrocarbons.

Warren, B.K.

1991-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

253

Coupling Renewable Energy Supply with Deferrable Demand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1.2 Limitations to Large-Scale Renewable EnergyImpacts of Renewable Energy Supply . . . . . . . . . . . . .1.3 Coupling Renewable Energy with Deferrable

Papavasiliou, Anthony

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Low Dose Radiation Research Program: Induction of Genomic Instability in  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Induction of Genomic Instability in vivo by Low Doses of 137Cs y Induction of Genomic Instability in vivo by Low Doses of 137Cs y rays, Authors: K. Rithidech1, E.B. Whorton2, M. Tungjai1, E. Ar-Bab1, S.R. Simon1, M. Tawde3 and C.W. Anderson3. Institutions: 1Pathology Department, Stony Brook University, NY 11794-8691, USA, 2University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston, TX 77550-1047,3Biology Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY 11973-5000. Information on potential health hazards of radiation at doses below or equal to the level traditionally requiring human radiation protection (less than or equal to 10 cGy) is currently lacking. It is therefore important to characterize early and subsequent in vivo biological response induced by low doses of ionizing radiation because such data should provide information that can help determine whether radiation at this dose level

255

Seismic baseline and induction studies- Roosevelt Hot Springs, Utah and  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Seismic baseline and induction studies- Roosevelt Hot Springs, Utah and Raft River, Idaho Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Report: Seismic baseline and induction studies- Roosevelt Hot Springs, Utah and Raft River, Idaho Details Activities (2) Areas (2) Regions (0) Abstract: Local seismic networks were established at the Roosevelt Hot Springs geothermal area, utah and at Raft River geothermal area, Idaho to monitor the background seismicity prior to initiation of geothermal power production. The Raft River study area is currently seismically quiet down

256

Performances of Induction System for Nanosecond Mode Operation  

SciTech Connect

An induction system comprises an array of single turn pulse transformers. Ferromagnetic cores of transformers are toroids that are stacked along the longitudinal core axis. Another name for this array is a fraction transformer or an adder. The primary and secondary windings of such a design have one turn. The step up mode is based on the number of primary pulse sources. The secondary windings are connected in series. Performances of such a system for the nanosecond range mode operation are different in comparison to the performances of traditional multi-turn pulse transformers, which are working on a 100+ nanosecond mode operation. In this paper, the author discusses which aspects are necessary to take into account for the high power nanosecond fractional transformer designs. The engineering method of the nanosecond induction system design is presented.

Krasnykh, Anatoly; /SLAC

2006-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

257

Post-pruning in regression tree induction: An integrated approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The regression tree (RT) induction process has two major phases: the growth phase and the pruning phase. The pruning phase aims to generalize the RT that was generated in the growth phase by generating a subtree that avoids over-fitting to the training ... Keywords: Analytic hierarchy process, Data mining, Decision tree, Mixed integer programming, Multi-objective programming, Performance measures, Post-pruning, Regression tree

Kweku-Muata Osei-Bryson

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Application of kinetic inductance thermometers to x-ray calorimetry  

SciTech Connect

A kinetic inductance thermometer is applied to x-ray calorimetry, and its operation over a wide range of frequencies and geometries is discussed. Three amplifier configurations are described, one using a superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) amplifier, another incorporating an FET amplifier in an amplitude modulated system, and the third, using a tunnel diode frequency modulated oscillator circuit. The predicted performance of each configuration is presented. 13 refs., 6 figs., 1 tab.

Wai, Y.C.; Labov, S.E.; Silver, E.H.

1990-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

259

Calculation of Unbalanced Magnetic Pull in Cage Induction Machines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 58 4.4 Rotor Resistance and Leakage Inductance ............... 58 4.5 Carter Factor Correction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 59 9 61 5 Experimental Equipment 5.1 Introduction... only the forces normal to the surface which are considered, the tangential component being assumed negligible. There is also the case of unbalanced magnetic push [24][25], where conductors are pushed towards the bottom of a slot. Again...

Dorrell, David George

1993-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

260

An Analysis of Convectively Coupled Kelvin Waves in 20 WCRP CMIP3 Global Coupled Climate Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Output from 20 coupled global climate models is analyzed to determine whether convectively coupled Kelvin waves exist in the models, and, if so, how their horizontal and vertical structures compare to observations. Model data are obtained from ...

Katherine H. Straub; Patrick T. Haertel; George N. Kiladis

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inductively coupled plasma-atomic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Surface Energy Fluxes and Coupled Variability in the Tropics of a Coupled General Circulation Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effect of wind-evaporative feedbacks upon ENSO, and the coupling of Pacific and Indian Ocean variability, is considered based upon a 110-yr simulation from a coupled ocean and atmosphere general circulation model.

R. L. Miller; X. Jiang

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Dielectric anomaly in coupled rotor systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The correlated dynamics of coupled quantum rotors carrying electric dipole moment is theoretically investigated. The energy spectra of coupled rotors as a function of dipolar interaction energy is analytically solved. The calculated dielectric susceptibilities of the system show the peculiar temperature dependence different from that of isolated rotors.

Hiroyuki Shima; Tsuneyoshi Nakayama

2004-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

263

Toward loosely coupled programming on petascale systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have extended the Falkon lightweight task execution framework to make loosely coupled programming on petascale systems a practical and useful programming model. This work studies and measures the performance factors involved in applying this approach ... Keywords: Blue Gene, Falkon, Swift, high throughput computing, loosely coupled applications, many task computing, petascale

Ioan Raicu; Zhao Zhang; Mike Wilde; Ian Foster; Pete Beckman; Kamil Iskra; Ben Clifford

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Highly damped kinematic coupling for precision instruments  

SciTech Connect

A highly damped kinematic coupling for precision instruments. The kinematic coupling provides support while causing essentially no influence to its nature shape, with such influences coming, for example, from manufacturing tolerances, temperature changes, or ground motion. The coupling uses three ball-cone constraints, each combined with a released flexural degree of freedom. This arrangement enables a gain of higher load capacity and stiffness, but can also significantly reduce the friction level in proportion to the ball radius divided by the distance between the ball and the hinge axis. The blade flexures reduces somewhat the stiffness of the coupling and provides an ideal location to apply constrained-layer damping which is accomplished by attaching a viscoelastic layer and a constraining layer on opposite sides of each of the blade flexures. The three identical ball-cone flexures provide a damped coupling mechanism to kinematically support the projection optics system of the extreme ultraviolet lithography (EUVL) system, or other load-sensitive apparatus.

Hale, Layton C. (Livermore, CA); Jensen, Steven A. (Livermore, CA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

SPIN COUPLING RESONANCE STUDY IN AGS.  

SciTech Connect

In the AGS spin resonances due to coupling may account for as much as a 50 percent loss in polarization at a reduced acceleration rate. The major source of coupling in the AGS is the solenoidal snake. In the past some preliminary work was done to understand this phenomena, and a method to overcome these resonances was attempted. However in the polarized proton run of 2002 we sought to study more thoroughly the response of these coupled spin resonances to the strength of the solenoidal snake, skew quadrupoles and vertical and horizontal betatron tune separation. In this paper we present our results and compare them with those predicted by a modified DEPOL program.

RANJBAR,V.; AHRENS,L.; BAI,M.; BROWN,K.; GLENN,W.; HUANG,H.; LUCCIO,A.; MACKAY,W.W.; PTITSYN,V.; ROSER,T.; TSOUPAS,N.; LEE,S.Y.

2002-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

266

Ultrasonic transducer with laminated coupling wedge  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An ultrasonic transducer capable of use in a high-temperature environment incorporates a laminated metal coupling wedge including a reflecting edge shaped as a double sloping roof and a transducer crystal backed by a laminated metal sound absorber disposed so as to direct sound waves through the coupling wedge and into a work piece, reflections from the interface between the coupling wedge and the work piece passing to the reflecting edge. Preferably the angle of inclination of the two halves of the reflecting edge are different.

Karplus, Henry H. B. (Hinsdale, IL)

1976-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

267

Metallurgical Evaluation of the Five-Inch Cylindrical Induction Melter  

SciTech Connect

A metallurgical evaluation of the 5-inch cylindrical induction melter (CIM) vessel was performed by the Materials Technology Section to evaluate the metallurgical condition after operating for approximately 375 hours at 1400 to 1500 Degrees Celsius during a 2 year period. Results indicate that wall thinning and significant grain growth occurred in the lower portion of the conical section and the drain tube. No through-wall penetrations were found in the cylindrical and conical sections of the CIM vessel and only one leak site was identified in the drain tube. Failure of the drain tube was associated with a localized over heating and intercrystalline fracture.

Imrich, K.J.

2000-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

268

Surface moisture measurement system electromagnetic induction probe calibration technique  

SciTech Connect

The Surface Moisture Measurement System (SMMS) is designed to measure the moisture concentration near the surfaces of the wastes located in the Hanford Site tank farms. This document describes a calibration methodology to demonstrate that the Electromagnetic Induction (EMI) moisture probe meets relevant requirements in the `Design Requirements Document (DRD) for the Surface Moisture Measurement System.` The primary purpose of the experimental tests described in this methodology is to make possible interpretation of EMI in-tank surface probe data to estimate the surface moisture.

Crowe, R.D., Westinghouse Hanford

1996-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

269

Analysis of Thermal Induction Plasmas between Coaxial Cylinders  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A previously derived approximate solution of the one?dimensional energy?balance equation for steady thermal induction plasmas is applied to the case of an annular plasma contained between coaxial cylinders. It is assumed that heat conduction is the only loss mechanism and that both walls are at zero temperature. Charted material is presented to facilitate determination of heat loads to either wall and calculation of temperature distributions across the gap. Results for an atmospheric?pressure argon discharge are compared with both exact numerical calculations and with experimental data. With the former

H. U. Eckert

1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Coupled Mesh Lagrangian/ALE Modeling:  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Coupled Mesh Lagrangian/ALE Modeling: Coupled Mesh Lagrangian/ALE Modeling: Opportunities and Challenges A. C. Robinson, * J. E. Bishop*, D. M. Hensinger, * T. E. Voth * M. K. Wong * * Sandia National Laboratories, New Mexico, 87185 We describe two methods for coupled mesh Lagrangian/ALE modeling where one mesh is treated as a Lagrangian mesh while the other is ALE. Lagrangian contact modeling is implemented in the first method to couple the two meshes. In the second method an overlapping grid algorithm that requires mapping of the information from one grid to another has been implemented. We review current experience with these two technologies. Introduction Lagrangian modeling is often preferred whenever the kinematics of the continuum flow permit because of its ability to precisely model discrete features which may be

271

OVERVIEW OF THE COUPLED MODEL INTERCOMPARISON PROJECT  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP) involves study and intercomparison of multi-model simulations of present and future climate. The simulations of the future use idealized forcing in increase is compounded which CO2 1% yr?1 until it ...

Gerald A. Meehl; Curt Covey; Bryant McAvaney; Mojib Latif; Ronald J. Stouffer

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Interconnect Coupling Noise in CMOS VLSI Circuits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Interconnect between a CMOS driver and re- ceiver can be modeled as a 1ossy transmission line in high speed CMOS VLSI circuits as transition times become comparable to or less than the time of flight delay of the signal through the low resistivity interconnect. In this paper, closed form expressions for the coupling noise between adjacent interconnect are presented to estimate the coupling noise voltage on a quiet line. These expressions are based on an assumption that the interconnections are loosely coupled, where the effect of the coupling noise on the waveform of the active line is small and can be ne- glected. It is demonstrated that the output impedance of the CMOS driver should preferably be comparable to the interconnect impedance in order to reduce the propagation delay of the CMOS driver stage.

Kevin T. Tang; Eby G. Friedman

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Coupling between Tropospheric and Stratospheric Leading Modes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Coupling between tropospheric and stratospheric leading modes in anomaly fields is investigated. By using daily data at many levels in addition to monthly mean data, the transition of spatial patterns and the direction and speed of the vertical ...

Hisanori Itoh; Ken-ichi Harada

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Power transfer through strongly coupled resonances  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using self-resonant coils in a strongly coupled regime, we experimentally demonstrate efficient non-radiative power transfer over distances of up to eight times the radius of the coils. We use this system to transfer 60W ...

Kurs, André

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Measuring Higgs Couplings from LHC Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Following recent ATLAS and CMS publications we interpret the results of their Higgs searches in terms of standard model operators. For a Higgs boson mass of 125 GeV we determine several Higgs couplings from published 2011 ...

Klute, Markus

276

Tailoring couple therapy techniques to client needs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Research illuminating which therapist techniques are used in care-as-usual couple therapy, and under what circumstances, can contribute to a fuller understanding of how therapy works. The overall goal of the present study was to better understand care-as-usual couple therapy by investigating session-by-session techniques and session content to determine how therapists modify them based on the timing of the session and couples? pre-treatment characteristics. A total of 123 heterosexual couples were examined. Therapists frequently used acceptance techniques and discussion of recent or ongoing conflict or problem. Therapists typically used the same levels of techniques and session contents over a course of therapy. In addition, there were relatively few predictors of change in therapy techniques and session content.

Hsueh, Annie C.

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Nuclear physics from strong coupling QCD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The strong coupling limit (beta_gauge = 0) of QCD offers a number of remarkable research possibilities, of course at the price of large lattice artifacts. Here, we determine the complete phase diagram as a function of temperature T and baryon chemical potential mu_B, for one flavor of staggered fermions in the chiral limit, with emphasis on the determination of a tricritical point and on the T ~ 0 transition to nuclear matter. The latter is known to happen for mu_B substantially below the baryon mass, indicating strong nuclear interactions in QCD at infinite gauge coupling. This leads us to studying the properties of nuclear matter from first principles. We determine the nucleon-nucleon potential in the strong coupling limit, as well as masses m_A of nuclei as a function of their atomic number A. Finally, we clarify the origin of nuclear interactions at strong coupling, which turns out to be a steric effect.

Michael Fromm; Philippe de Forcrand

2009-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

278

Decadal Oscillations in a Simple Coupled Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To study the dynamics that may lead to decadal oscillations in the North Pacific a simple coupled model is developed. The ocean is based on the linear, potential vorticity equation for baroclinic planetary waves. The atmosphere is reduced to a ...

Matthias Münnich; Mojib Latif; Stephan Venzke; Ernst Maier-Reimer

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Ind Heat WS Code - Cost Comparison Worksheet for Induction Heating, Version 1.0  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Induction Heating for Melting for Aluminum / Steel Cost Comparison Worksheet is a tool that enables the comparison of induction heating for metals melting with more conventional melting technologies such as gas crucible, electric resistance, and electric arc furnaces. Note that this analysis only considers melting of scrap metal, as this application would appear to be the most practical and cost-effective utilization of the induction heating technology. A cost comparison is provided for the two most ...

2001-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

280

MEASUREMENT OF LINEAR COUPLING RESONANCE IN RHIC.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Linear coupling is one of the factors that determine beam lifetime in RHIC. The traditional method of measuring the minimum tune separation requires a tune scan and can't be done parasitically or during the acceleration ramp. A new technique of using ac dipoles to measure linear coupling resonance has been developed at RHIC. This method measures the degree of coupling by comparing the amplitude of the horizontal coherent excitation with the amplitude of the vertical coherent excitation if the beam is excited by the vertical AC dipole and vice versa. One advantage of this method is that it can be done without changing tunes from the normal machine working points. In principle, this method can also localize the coupling source by mapping out the coupling driving terms throughout the ring. This is very useful for local decoupling the interaction regions in RHIC. A beam experiment of measuring linear coupling has been performed in RHIC during its 2003 run, and the analysis of the experimental data is discussed in this paper.

BAI,M.PILAT,F.SATOGATA,T.TOMAS,R.

2002-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inductively coupled plasma-atomic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Induction Heating Stress Improvement Effectiveness on Crack Growth in Operating Plants (BWRVIP-61)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

New reports of intergranular stress corrosion cracking prompted this review of factors that could influence the performance of the pipe cracking remedy known as induction heating stress improvement.

1999-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

282

Fault detection of fault ride through for doubly-fed induction generator based wind energy systems.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Fault detection and mitigation is of high importance for existing DFIG based wind energy conversion systems. Keeping the doubly-fed induction generator (DFIG) online during faults… (more)

Ramroop, Shoba AD

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Vital Alert's C1000 mine and tunnel radios use magnetic induction...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Vital Alert's C1000 mine and tunnel radios use magnetic induction, advanced digital communications techniques and ultra-low frequency transmission to wirelessly provide...

284

Wind turbine power generation emulation via doubly fed induction generator control .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In this thesis, we emulate a Wind Turbine Generator by driving a Doubly Fed Induction Generator (DFIG) via a DC motor with variable input torque… (more)

Edwards, Gregory W.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Control design and analysis of doubly-fed induction generator in wind power application.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The work presented in this thesis includes control system design, analysis and grid synchronization of a DFIG (doubly-fed induction generator) driven by a wind turbine… (more)

Mazari, Shukul

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Adaptive control and parameter identification of a doubly-fed induction generator for wind power .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The use of Doubly-Fed Induction Generators (DFIG) for wind energy conversion is addressed in this thesis. It is well known that when the stator is… (more)

Orfanos-Pepainas, Stamatios

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Felix Bloch, Nuclear Induction, Bloch Equations, Bloch Theorem, Bloch  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Felix Bloch, Nuclear Induction, and Bloch Equations Felix Bloch, Nuclear Induction, and Bloch Equations Resources with Additional Information Stressing "the importance both of demonstrating the neutron's magnetic moment and of determining its magnitude", Felix Bloch began his research on neutron physics at Stanford [University] in early 1936. "Using mostly X-ray and microwave equipment from the physics labs, he and Norris Bradbury ... built [a neutron] source ... . (Bloch later pointed out that this equipment was more important as a source of inspiration than of neutrons.) Eventually, he extended his use of neutron sources to studies of neutron polarisation, a link to his earlier research in ferromagnetism. Felix Bloch Courtesy Stanford University Archives These studies served as a basis for a collaborative effort with Luis Alvarez ... . In the fall of 1938, Alvarez and Bloch began working with Berkeley's 37" cyclotron to determine the magnetic moment of the neutron. ... By the summer of 1939 ... they were able to publish very precise results. This experiment was, in fact, one of the first important uses of Ernest Lawrence's cyclotron. ..

288

Induction of DNA Damage by Low Dose PET scans  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Induction of DNA Damage by Low Dose PET scans Induction of DNA Damage by Low Dose PET scans Douglas Boreham McMaster University Abstract This research is focused on assessing the radiation risk associated with positron emission tomography (PET) scans. It has been suggested that low dose medical imaging, such as PET scans, carry an added biological risk because they expose the patient to ionizing radiation. PET scanning is an increasingly used nuclear medicine procedure that requires the administration of isotope 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG, E=250 keV β and 511 keV γ) and results in an effective dose to the patient ranging from 7-22 mSv. The radiation induced DNA damage associated with a PET scan was studied in 7-9 week old female wild type Trp53 +/+ mice. Mice were given a PET scan with 18F-FDG and the biological response was assessed in bone marrow using

289

Series-counterpulse repetitive-pulse inductive storage circuit  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high-power series-counterpulse repetitive-pulse inductive energy storage and transfer circuit includes an opening switch, a main energy storage coil, and a counterpulse capacitor. The load pulse is initiated simultaneously with the initiation of the counterpulse which is used to turn the opening switch off. There is no delay from command to output pulse. During the load pulse, the counterpulse capacitor is first discharged and then recharged in the opposite polarity with sufficient energy to accomplish the load counterpulse which terminates the load pulse and turns the load switch off. When the main opening switch is triggered closed again to terminate the load pulse, the counterpulse capacitor discharges in the reverse direction through the load switch and through the load, causing a rapid, sharp cutoff of the load pulse as well as recovering any energy remaining in the load inductance. The counterpulse capacitor is recharged to its original condition by the main energy storage coil after the load pulse is over, not before it begins.

Honig, Emanuel M. (Los Alamos, NM)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

DC switching regulated power supply for driving an inductive load  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A power supply for driving an inductive load current from a dc power supply hrough a regulator circuit including a bridge arrangement of diodes and switching transistors controlled by a servo controller which regulates switching in response to the load current to maintain a selected load current. First and second opposite legs of the bridge are formed by first and second parallel-connected transistor arrays, respectively, while the third and fourth legs of the bridge are formed by appropriately connected first and second parallel connected diode arrays, respectively. The regulator may be operated in three "stages" or modes: (1) For current runup in the load, both first and second transistor switch arrays are turned "on" and current is supplied to the load through both transistor arrays. (2) When load current reaches the desired level, the first switch is turned "off", and load current "flywheels" through the second switch array and the fourth leg diode array connecting the second switch array in series with the load. Current is maintained by alternating between modes 1 and 2 at a suitable duty cycle and switching rate set by the controller. (3) Rapid current rundown is accomplished by turning both switch arrays "off", allowing load current to be dumped back into the source through the third and fourth diode arrays connecting the source in series opposition with the load to recover energy from the inductive load. The three operating states are controlled automatically by the controller.

Dyer, George R. (Norris, TN)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Stability of Synchronized Chaos in Coupled Dynamical Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the stability of synchronized chaos in coupled map lattices and in coupled ordinary differential equations. Applying the theory of Hermitian and positive semidefinite matrices we prove two results that give simple bounds on coupling strengths which ensure the stability of synchronized chaos. Previous results in this area involving particular coupling schemes (e.g. global coupling and nearest neighbor diffusive coupling) are included as special cases of the present work.

Govindan Rangarajan; Mingzhou Ding

2002-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

292

Modeling magnetic coupling for on-chip interconnect  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As advances in IC technologies and operat-ing frequencies make the modeling of on-chip magnetic interactions a necessity, it is apparent that extension of traditional inductance extraction approaches to full-chip scale problems is impractical. There ... Keywords: inductance, interconnect modeling, magnetic interaction, susceptance

Michael W. Beattie; Lawrence T. Pileggi

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Coupled Thermal-Hydrological-Mechanical Processes in Salt, Hot...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Coupled Thermal-Hydrological-Mechanical Processes in Salt, Hot Granular Salt Consolidation, Constitutive Model and Micromechanics Coupled Thermal-Hydrological-Mechanical Processes...

294

John Hsu, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Flux Coupling Machines...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Flux Coupling Machines and Switched Reluctance Motors to Replace Permanent Magnets in Electric Vehicles John Hsu, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Flux Coupling Machines and...

295

Coupled aerosol-chemistry-climate twentieth century transient...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Coupled aerosol-chemistry-climate twentieth century transient model investigation: Trends in short-lived species and climate responses Title Coupled aerosol-chemistry-climate...

296

Induction Consolidation of Thermoplastic Composites Using Smart Susceptors  

SciTech Connect

This project has focused on the area of energy efficient consolidation and molding of fiber reinforced thermoplastic composite components as an energy efficient alternative to the conventional processing methods such as autoclave processing. The expanding application of composite materials in wind energy, automotive, and aerospace provides an attractive energy efficiency target for process development. The intent is to have this efficient processing along with the recyclable thermoplastic materials ready for large scale application before these high production volume levels are reached. Therefore, the process can be implemented in a timely manner to realize the maximum economic, energy, and environmental efficiencies. Under this project an increased understanding of the use of induction heating with smart susceptors applied to consolidation of thermoplastic has been achieved. This was done by the establishment of processing equipment and tooling and the subsequent demonstration of this fabrication technology by consolidating/molding of entry level components for each of the participating industrial segments, wind energy, aerospace, and automotive. This understanding adds to the nation's capability to affordably manufacture high quality lightweight high performance components from advanced recyclable composite materials in a lean and energy efficient manner. The use of induction heating with smart susceptors is a precisely controlled low energy method for the consolidation and molding of thermoplastic composites. The smart susceptor provides intrinsic thermal control based on the interaction with the magnetic field from the induction coil thereby producing highly repeatable processing. The low energy usage is enabled by the fact that only the smart susceptor surface of the tool is heated, not the entire tool. Therefore much less mass is heated resulting in significantly less required energy to consolidate/mold the desired composite components. This energy efficiency results in potential energy savings of {approx}75% as compared to autoclave processing in aerospace, {approx}63% as compared to compression molding in automotive, and {approx}42% energy savings as compared to convectively heated tools in wind energy. The ability to make parts in a rapid and controlled manner provides significant economic advantages for each of the industrial segments. These attributes were demonstrated during the processing of the demonstration components on this project.

Matsen, Marc R

2012-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

297

Truncated channel representations for coupled harmonic oscillators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Coupled quantum harmonic oscillators, studied by many authors using many different techniques over the decades, are frequently used toy-models to study open quantum systems. In this manuscript, we explicitly study the simplest oscillator model -- a pair of initially decoupled quantum harmonic oscillators interacting with a spring-like coupling, where the bath oscillator is initially in a thermal-like state. In particular, we treat the completely positive and trace preserving map on the system as a quantum channel, and study the truncation of the channel by truncating its Kraus set and its output dimension. We thereby derive the truncated transition amplitudes of the corresponding truncated channel. Finally, we give a computable approximation for these truncated transition amplitudes with explicit error bounds, and perform a case study of the oscillators in the off-resonant and weakly-coupled regime numerically. We demonstrate explicitly that the substantial leakage error can be mitigated via quantum error correction.

Yingkai Ouyang; Wee Hao Ng

2013-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

298

Coupled-cavity drift-tube linac  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A coupled-cavity drift-tube linac (CCDTL) combines features of the Alvarez drift-tube linac (DTL) and the .pi.-mode coupled-cavity linac (CCL). In one embodiment, each accelerating cavity is a two-cell, 0-mode DTL. The center-to-center distance between accelerating gaps is .beta..lambda., where .lambda. is the free-space wavelength of the resonant mode. Adjacent accelerating cavities have oppositely directed electric fields, alternating in phase by 180 degrees. The chain of cavities operates in a .pi./2 structure mode so the coupling cavities are nominally unexcited. The CCDTL configuration provides an rf structure with high shunt impedance for intermediate velocity charged particles, i.e., particles with energies in the 20-200 MeV range.

Billen, James H. (Los Alamos, NM)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Parametric coupling between macroscopic quantum resonators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Time-dependent linear coupling between macroscopic quantum resonator modes generates both a parametric amplification also known as a {}"squeezing operation" and a beam splitter operation, analogous to quantum optical systems. These operations, when applied properly, can robustly generate entanglement and squeezing for the quantum resonator modes. Here, we present such coupling schemes between a nanomechanical resonator and a superconducting electrical resonator using applied microwave voltages as well as between two superconducting lumped-element electrical resonators using a r.f. SQUID-mediated tunable coupler. By calculating the logarithmic negativity of the partially transposed density matrix, we quantitatively study the entanglement generated at finite temperatures. We also show that characterization of the nanomechanical resonator state after the quantum operations can be achieved by detecting the electrical resonator only. Thus, one of the electrical resonator modes can act as a probe to measure the entanglement of the coupled systems and the degree of squeezing for the other resonator mode.

L. Tian; M. S. Allman; R. W. Simmonds

2006-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

300

Multimode strong-coupling quantum optomechanics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study theoretically the dynamics of multiple mechanical oscillators coupled to a single cavity field mode via linear or quadratic optomechanical interactions. We focus specifically on the strong coupling regime where the cavity decays much faster than the mechanical modes, and the optomechanical coupling is comparable to or larger than the mechanical frequency, so that both the optical and mechanical systems operate in the deep quantum regime. Using the examples of one and two mechanical oscillators we show that the system can classically exhibit bistability and bifurcations, and we explore how these manifest themselves in interference, entanglement, and correlation in the quantum theory, while revealing the impact of decoherence of the mechanical system due to cavity fluctuations and coherent driving.

H. Seok; L. F. Buchmann; E. M. Wright; P. Meystre

2013-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inductively coupled plasma-atomic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Int. Conf. on Computational Methods for Coupled Problems in Science and Engineering COUPLED PROBLEMS 2009  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PROBLEM OF DIFFERENT THERMAL-HYDRAULIC MODELS ARISING IN TWO-PHASE FLOW CODES FOR NUCLEAR REACTORS A the components of a nuclear reactor. 1 INTRODUCTION We have been considering in a series of papers the coupling industrial motivation, such a coupling arises for the simulation of nuclear reactors when different two

Chalons, Christophe

302

Inductive and Electrostatic Acceleration in Relativistic Jet-Plasma Interactions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report on the observation of rapid particle acceleration in numerical simulations of relativistic jet-plasma interactions and discuss the underlying mechanisms. The dynamics of a charge-neutral, narrow, electron-positron jet propagating through an unmagnetized electron-ion plasma was investigated using a three-dimensional, electromagnetic, particle-in-cell computer code. The interaction excited magnetic filamentation as well as electrostatic (longitudinal) plasma instabilities. In some cases, the longitudinal electric fields generated inductively and electrostatically reached the cold plasma wave-breaking limit, and the longitudinal momentum of about half the positrons increased by 50% with a maximum gain exceeding a factor of two. The results are relevant to understanding the micro-physics at the interface region of an astrophysical jet with the interstellar plasma, for example, the edge of a wide jet or the jet-termination point.

Ng, Johnny S.T.; Noble, Robert J.; /SLAC

2005-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

303

MAGNETIC EXPLOSIONS: ROLE OF THE INDUCTIVE ELECTRIC FIELD  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Inclusion of the inductive electric field, E{sub ind}, due to the temporally changing B, in magnetic explosions is discussed, with emphasis on solar flares. Several roles played by E{sub ind} are identified: on a global scale, E{sub ind} produces the electromotive force that drives the explosion; the associated E{sub ind} Multiplication-Sign B drift is identified with the inflow of magnetic field lines into a reconnection region; the polarization current, associated with {partial_derivative}E{sub ind}/{partial_derivative}t, implies a J Multiplication-Sign B force that accelerates this inflow; and the component of E{sub ind} parallel to B accelerates the energetic electrons that cause hard X-ray emission and type III radio bursts. Some simple models that describe these effects are presented. A resolution of the long-standing 'number problem' in solar flares is suggested.

Melrose, D. B. [Sydney Institute for Astronomy, School of Physics, University of Sydney, NSW 2006 (Australia)

2012-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

304

Gas insulated transmission line having low inductance intercalated sheath  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A gas insulated transmission line including an outer sheath, an inner conductor disposed within the outer sheath, and an insulating gas between the inner conductor and the outer sheath. The outer sheath comprises an insulating tube having first and second ends, and having interior and exterior surfaces. A first electrically conducting foil is secured to the interior surface of the insulating tube, is spirally wound from one tube end to the second tube end, and has a plurality of overlapping turns. A second electrically conducting foil is secured to the exterior surface of the insulating tube, and is spirally wound in the opposite direction from the first electrically conducting foil. By winding the foils in opposite directions, the inductances within the intercalated sheath will cancel each other out.

Cookson, Alan H. (Southboro, MA)

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Inertial and inductive energy storage for fusion systems  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Energy storage is necessary for all proposed fusion reactor systems. The plasma physics for confinement and primarily the energy transfer time determine the nature of the storage system. Discharge times vary from 0.7 ms for theta-pinch reactors to one to two seconds for tokamak reactors. Three classes of devices are available for energy storage--inductors, capacitors, and rotating machines. The transfer of the energy from the store imposes unusual switching requirements. The broad requirements for reactor energy stores and more specifically those for tokamak experimental power reactors (EPR) and for the Scyllac fusion test reactor (SFTR) will be presented. Assessments and comparisons of alternative energy storage and transfer systems for these devices are to be discussed. The state of the pulsed superconducting inductive energy storage coils and homopolar development programs will be emphasized. Plans for tokamak ohmic-heating systems will be discussed briefly.

Rogers, J.D.

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Element for use in an inductive coupler for downhole components  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An element for use in an inductive coupler for downhole components comprises an annular housing having a generally circular recess. The element further comprises a plurality of generally linear, magnetically conductive segments. Each segment includes a bottom portion, an inner wall portion, and an outer wall portion. The portions together define a generally linear trough from a first end to a second end of each segment. The segments are arranged adjacent to each other within the housing recess to form a generally circular trough. The ends of at least half of the segments are shaped such that the first end of one of the segments is complementary in form to the second end of an adjacent segment. In one embodiment, all of the ends are angled. Preferably, the first ends are angled with the same angle and the second ends are angled with the complementary angle.

Hall, David R. (Provo, UT); Fox, Joe (Spanish Fork, UT)

2009-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

307

Forward and reverse control system for induction motors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A control system for controlling the direction of rotation of a rotor of an induction motor includes an array of five triacs with one of the triacs applying a current of fixed phase to the windings of the rotor and four of the triacs being switchable to apply either hot ac current or return ac current to the stator windings so as to reverse the phase of current in the stator relative to that of the rotor and thereby reverse the direction of rotation of the rotor. Switching current phase in the stator is accomplished by operating the gates of pairs of the triacs so as to connect either hot ac current or return ac current to the input winding of the stator. 1 fig.

Wright, J.T.

1987-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

308

An Advanced simulation Code for Modeling Inductive Output Tubes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During the Phase I program, CCR completed several major building blocks for a 3D large signal, inductive output tube (IOT) code using modern computer language and programming techniques. These included a 3D, Helmholtz, time-harmonic, field solver with a fully functional graphical user interface (GUI), automeshing and adaptivity. Other building blocks included the improved electrostatic Poisson solver with temporal boundary conditions to provide temporal fields for the time-stepping particle pusher as well as the self electric field caused by time-varying space charge. The magnetostatic field solver was also updated to solve for the self magnetic field caused by time changing current density in the output cavity gap. The goal function to optimize an IOT cavity was also formulated, and the optimization methodologies were investigated.

Thuc Bui; R. Lawrence Ives

2012-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

309

Advanced test accelerator: a high-current induction linac  

SciTech Connect

The Advanced Test Accelerator (ATA) is a linear induction accelerator being built at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. The aim of the ATA, together with its associated physics program is the research and development necessary to resolve whether particle-beam propagation is possible. Since the accelerator is the tool needed to do the basic propagation experiment, many of its design parameters are specified by the physics. The accelerator parameters are: 50 MeV, 10 kA, 70 ns pulse width (FWHM), and a 1 kHz rep-rate during a ten-pulse burst. In addition, beam quality and pulse-to-pulse repeatability must be excellent. The unique features of the accelerator are the 10 kA beam and the 1 kHz burst frequency.

Cook, E.G.; Birx, D.L.; Reginato, L.L.

1982-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Effects of Capcitor Bank on Fault Ride Through Capibility of Induction Generator Hu, Y; Chen, Zhe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Effects of Capcitor Bank on Fault Ride Through Capibility of Induction Generator Hu, Y; Chen, Zhe Published in: Proceedings of the Asia-Pacific Power and Energy Engineering Conference, APPEEC 2010 DOI: 10., & Chen, Z. (2010). Effects of Capcitor Bank on Fault Ride Through Capibility of Induction Generator Based

Chen, Zhe

311

Autonomous induction generator/rectifier as regulated DC power supply for hybrid renewable energy systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The present article deals with the wind power-generating unit of a Hybrid Photovoltaic-Wind Renewable Energy System (HPVWRES). The dynamic flux model of the self-excited induction generator used in the wind power-generating unit is given. This model, ... Keywords: experimental investigation, hybrid, induction generator, modeling, rectifier, regulation, renewable Energy

A. Nesba; R. Ibtiouen; S. Mekhtoub; O. Touhami; N. Takorabet

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Classification of Multivariate Time Series and Structured Data Using Constructive Induction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a method of constructive induction aimed at learning tasks involving multivariate time series data. Using metafeatures, the scope of attribute-value learning is expanded to domains with instances that have some kind of recurring substructure, ... Keywords: constructive induction, propositionalisation, substructure, time series

Mohammed Waleed Kadous; Claude Sammut

2005-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Modelling and Analysis of Variable Speed Wind Turbines with Induction Generator during Grid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Modelling and Analysis of Variable Speed Wind Turbines with Induction Generator during Grid Fault Wind Turbines with Induction Generator during Grid Fault by Sigrid M. Bolik Institute of Energy turbine technology has undergone rapid developments. Growth in size and the optimization of wind turbines

Hansen, René Rydhof

314

Different methods for direct torque control of induction motor fed from current source inverter  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two different methods for direct torque control (DTC) of induction motor fed from current source inverter (CSI) is analyzed in the paper. The first one is derived from well-known DTC strategy developed for voltage inverter drives. This type of control ... Keywords: CSI, DTC, constant switching, hysteresis comparator, induction motor

Aleksandar Nikolic; Borislav Jeftenic

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Influence of voltage drop to electric drive with induction motor and voltage sourced inverter  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper solves problematic of immunity from the voltage drop of the power supply of the electric drive with induction motor with Voltage-Fed inverter. There are reflected opportune control algorithms for the quickly to change of working regime from ... Keywords: electric drive with induction motor, electric drive with voltage sourced inverter, voltage drop

P. Beneš; J. Fo?t; M. Pittermann

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Simulation for Performance Analysis of Grid-Connected Induction Generators with Input Voltage Control  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With the increasing application of wind energy, various technologies are developed for analyzing the performance of grid-connected induction generator (GIG) based wind energy conversion systems (WECSs). Input voltage control is one among them. In the ... Keywords: grid-connected induction generators (GIGs), wind energy conversion systems (WECSs), input voltage control, performance analysis, MATLAB

Farhad Ilahi Bakhsh, Shirazul Islam, Sayeed Ahmad

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

A Comparision of Sensorless Control Strategies of Doubly Fed Induction Generator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Decoupled control has been widely used in the DIFG (doubly fed induction generator) which needs the rotor position as well as the rotor speed for the control system. A lot of research has been done in the sensorless control field for the DFIG because ... Keywords: Doubly Fed Induction Generator(DFIG), Decoupled Control, PI adjustor, Rotor position, Rotor speed, Sensorless control, MRAS

Xin Hao; Chong Wei Zhang; Xing Zhang

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Original articles: Flicker mitigation in a doubly fed induction generator wind turbine system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes a doubly fed induction generator (DFIG) control for wind energy generation. The DFIG model is established and the adopted control strategies for machine side and grid side converters are described. Flicker phenomenon is defined and ... Keywords: Doubly fed induction generator, Flicker, Machine side converter, Power quality, Wind power generation

Mohamed Machmoum; Ahmad Hatoum; Toufik Bouaouiche

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Modeling and control of a cascaded doubly-fed induction generator based on dynamical equivalent circuits  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper deals with the control of an autonomous cascaded doubly-fed induction generator operating in a variable speed constant frequency mode. The proposed structure is a full stand-alone generating system dedicated to isolated grids in embedded systems ... Keywords: Aircraft applications, Cascaded doubly-fed induction generator, Isolated grid, Modeling, Control, Topology analysis, Variable speed constant frequency

N. Patin; E. Monmasson; J. -P. Louis

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

The Simulation of Doubly Fed Induction Generators Accessing Gansu Jiajiu Power Grid Based on PSASP  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Due to the asynchronous generator has many negative factors such as large power fluctuation, poor transient performance, low energy efficiency, etc. The doubly fed induction generator(DFIG) is becoming a popular concept and thus the modeling of DFIG ... Keywords: double fed induction generator, decoupling control, power flow, power system transient stability, PSASP/UD

Wei Wei; Wang Yu-Hong; Li Xing-yuan; Deng Jing

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inductively coupled plasma-atomic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

High Gain Observer for Induction Motor in Presence of Magnetic Hysteresis , L. Dugard3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High Gain Observer for Induction Motor in Presence of Magnetic Hysteresis H. Ouadi1 , F. Giri2 , L in induction motors is considered in this paper. In most previous works, motor observers have been designed using standard models, neglecting the saturation and hysteretic effects in the machine magnetic circuit

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

322

Development of a cryogenic induction motor for use with a superconducting magnetic bearing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Development of a cryogenic induction motor for use with a superconducting magnetic bearing Tomotake of a superconducting magnetic bearing (SMB). Both the motor and the SMB are operated at liquid He temperatures. We give Keywords: Astrophysical polarimeter; Induction motor; Superconducting magnetic bearings 1. Introduction

Oxley, Paul

323

Consistent matter couplings for Plebanski gravity  

SciTech Connect

We develop a scheme for the minimal coupling of all standard types of tensor and spinor field matter to Plebanski gravity. This theory is a geometric reformulation of vacuum general relativity in terms of two-form frames and connection one-forms, and provides a covariant basis for various quantization approaches. Using the spinor formalism we prove the consistency of the newly proposed matter coupling by demonstrating the full equivalence of Plebanski gravity plus matter to Einstein-Cartan gravity. As a by-product we also show the consistency of some previous suggestions for matter actions.

Tennie, Felix; Wohlfarth, Mattias N. R. [Zentrum fuer Mathematische Physik und II. Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Universitaet Hamburg, Luruper Chaussee 149, 22761 Hamburg (Germany)

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

324

Magnetically Coupled Adjustable Speed Drive Systems  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Adjustable speed drive (ASD) technologies have the ability to precisely control motor sytems output and produce a numbr of benefits including energy and demand savings. This report examines the performance and cost effectiveness of a specific class of ASDs called magnetically-coupled adjustable speed drives (MC-ASD) which use the strength of a magnetic field to control the amount of torque transferred between motor and drive shaft. The MagnaDrive Adjustable Speed Coupling System uses fixed rare-earth magnets and varies the distance between rotating plates in the assembly. the PAYBACK Variable Speed Drive uses an electromagnet to control the speed of the drive

Chvala, William D.; Winiarski, David W.

2002-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

325

Ultrastrong coupling of integer Landau Level Polaritons  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We investigated theoretically the coupling between a cavity resonator and the cyclotron transition of a two dimensional electron gas under an applied perpendicular magnetic field. In such systems the vacuum Rabi frequency {Omega}, normalized to the cyclotron frequency {omega}{sub 0}, is shown to scale as {radical}({alpha}n{sub QW{nu}}), where {alpha} is the fine structure constant, n{sub QW} is the number of quantum wells and {nu} is the filling factor in each well. This implies that, with realistic parameters of a high-mobility semiconductor two dimensional electron gas, the dimensionless coupling {Omega}/{omega}{sub 0} can be much larger than one.

Hagenmueller, David; Cuti, Cristiano [Laboratoire Materiaux et Phenomenes Quantiques, Universite Paris Diderot-Paris 7 and CNRS, Batiment Condorcet, 10 rue Alice Domont et Leonie Duquet, 75205 Paris Cedex 13 (France); De Liberato, Simone [Department of Physics, University of Tokyo, Hongo, Bunkyo-Ku, Tokyo 113-8656 (Japan)

2011-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

326

Coupled-cluster computations of atomic nuclei  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the past decade, coupled-cluster theory has seen a renaissance in nuclear physics, with computations of neutron-rich and medium-mass nuclei. The method is efficient for nuclei with product-state references, and it describes many aspects of weakly bound and unbound nuclei. This report reviews the technical and conceptual developments of this method in nuclear physics, and the results of coupled-cluster calculations for nucleonic matter, and for exotic isotopes of helium, oxygen, calcium, and some of their neighbors.

G. Hagen; T. Papenbrock; M. Hjorth-Jensen; D. J. Dean

2013-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

327

WIPP Employee Inducted Into Mine Rescue Hall of Fame - WIPP Teams  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Employee Inducted Into Mine Rescue Hall of Fame - WIPP Teams Employee Inducted Into Mine Rescue Hall of Fame - WIPP Teams Recognized at National Competition WIPP Employee Inducted Into Mine Rescue Hall of Fame - WIPP Teams Recognized at National Competition August 2, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Blue Mine Rescue Team Captain Gary Kessler (right) receives an award from Neal Merrifield, administrator for the Mine Safety and Health Administration Metal/Non-Metal mines, after Kessler was inducted into the National Mine Rescue Hall of Fame on Aug. 1, 2013. Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Blue Mine Rescue Team Captain Gary Kessler (right) receives an award from Neal Merrifield, administrator for the Mine Safety and Health Administration Metal/Non-Metal mines, after Kessler was inducted into the National Mine Rescue Hall of Fame on Aug. 1, 2013.

328

EA-1087: Proposed Induction Linac System Experiments in Building 51B at  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7: Proposed Induction Linac System Experiments in Building 7: Proposed Induction Linac System Experiments in Building 51B at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California EA-1087: Proposed Induction Linac System Experiments in Building 51B at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California SUMMARY This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of a proposal to modify existing Building 51B at the U.S. Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory to install and conduct experiments on a new Induction Linear Accelerator System. PUBLIC COMMENT OPPORTUNITIES None available at this time. DOCUMENTS AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD September 8, 1995 EA-1087: Finding of No Significant Impact Proposed Induction Linac System Experiments in Building 51B at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California

329

The Cost of Superconducting Magnets as a Function of Stored Energy and Design Magnetic Induction Times the Field Volume  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

costs given magnet stored-energy or average bore induction timecost will go up with stored energy and with field volume timesCost of Superconducting Magnets as a Function of Stored Energy and Design Magnetic Induction times

Green, M.A.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Coupled-channel continuum eigenchannel basis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The goal of this paper is to calculate bound, resonant and scattering states in the coupled-channel formalism without relying on the boundary conditions at large distances. The coupled-channel solution is expanded in eigenchannel bases i.e. in eigenfunctions of diagonal Hamiltonians. Each eigenchannel basis may includes discrete and discretized continuum (real or complex energy) single particle states. The coupled-channel solutions are computed through diagonalization in these bases. The method is applied to a few two-channel problems. The exact bound spectrum of the Poeschl-Teller potential is well described by a basis of real energy continuum states. For the deuteron with the Reid potential the experimental energy and the $S$ and $D$ wave functions content are reproduced in the asymptotic limit of the energy cutoff. For the Noro-Taylor potential, beside the exact bound state energies the resonant state energy is also well reproduced by using the complex energy Berggren basis. It is found that the expansion of the coupled-channel wave functions in these eigenchannel bases require less computational effort than the use of any other basis. The solutions are stable and converge as the energy cutoff increases.

R. M. Id Betan

2013-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

331

Warm Pool Physics in a Coupled GCM  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The physics of the Indo–Pacific warm pool are investigated using a coupled ocean atmosphere general circulation model. The model, developed at the Max-Planck-Institut fair Meteorologic, Hamburg, does not employ a flux correction and is used with ...

Niklas Schneider; Tim Barnett; Mojib Latif; Timothy Stockdale

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Cohesion and coupling metrics for ontology modules  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In recent years, an increasing number of ontologies and semantic web applications have been developed and used. A conscious effort has been made to develop methods to modularize ontologies. These methods contribute to building a new ontology. However, ... Keywords: Cohesion, Coupling, Metrics, Modularity, Ontology

Sunju Oh; Heon Y. Yeom; Joongho Ahn

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Parabolic systems with coupled boundary conditions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider elliptic operators with operator-valued coefficients and discuss the associated parabolic problems. The unknowns are functions with values in a Hilbert space $W$. The system is equipped with a general class of coupled boundary conditions of the form $f_{|\\partial\\Omega}\\in \\mathcal Y$ and $\\frac{\\partial f}{\\partial \

Stefano Cardanobile; Delio Mugnolo

2008-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

334

Measurements of time average series resonance effect in capacitively coupled radio frequency discharge plasma  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Self-excited plasma series resonance is observed in low pressure capacitvely coupled radio frequency discharges as high-frequency oscillations superimposed on the normal radio frequency current. This high-frequency contribution to the radio frequency current is generated by a series resonance between the capacitive sheath and the inductive and resistive bulk plasma. In this report, we present an experimental method to measure the plasma series resonance in a capacitively coupled radio frequency argon plasma by modifying the homogeneous discharge model. The homogeneous discharge model is modified by introducing a correction factor to the plasma resistance. Plasma parameters are also calculated by considering the plasma series resonances effect. Experimental measurements show that the self-excitation of the plasma series resonance, which arises in capacitive discharge due to the nonlinear interaction of plasma bulk and sheath, significantly enhances both the Ohmic and stochastic heating. The experimentally measured total dissipation, which is the sum of the Ohmic and stochastic heating, is found to increase significantly with decreasing pressure.

Bora, B.; Bhuyan, H.; Favre, M.; Wyndham, E.; Chuaqui, H. [Facultad de Fisica, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile, Ave. Vicuna Mackenna 4860, Santiago 22 (Chile); Kakati, M. [Thermal Plasma Processed Materials Laboratory, Centre of Plasma Physics, Institute for Plasma Research, Sonapur 782 402, Assam (India)

2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

335

Application of genetic algorithm to improve voltage regulation of self-excited induction generator in a wind energy conversion system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Self-excited induction generators have been found to be most suitable for wind energy conversion in remote locations. In this paper, an attempt has been made to improve the voltage regulation of self-excited induction generator (SEIG) using series compensation. ... Keywords: genetic algorithms, intelligent systems, modelling, renewable energy, self-excited induction generators, simulation, voltage regulation, wind energy conversion systems, wind power

Dheeraj Joshi; K. S. Sandhu; M. K. Soni

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report An Introduction into Induction and Natural Gas Stoves  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

into Induction and Natural Gas Stoves: A Triple Bottom Line Analysis for the new Student Union Building Jordan Ho of a project/report". #12;APSC 262 An Introduction Into Induction and Natural Gas Stoves A triple-bottom line, 2011 #12;Page 2 of 21 ABSTRACT This report compares the attributes of induction and natural gas stoves

337

Tuning the DARHT Axis-II linear induction accelerator focusing  

SciTech Connect

Flash radiography of large hydrodynamic experiments driven by high explosives is a well-known diagnostic technique in use at many laboratories, and the Dual-Axis Radiography for Hydrodynamic Testing (DARHT) facility at Los Alamos produces flash radiographs of large hydrodynamic experiments. Two linear induction accelerators (LIAs) make the bremsstrahlung radiographic source spots for orthogonal views of each test. The 2-kA, 20-MeV Axis-I LIA creates a single 60-ns radiography pulse. The 1.7-kA, 16.5-MeV Axis-II LIA creates up to four radiography pulses by kicking them out of a longer pulse that has a 1.6-{mu}s flattop. The Axis-II injector, LIA, kicker, and downstream transport (DST) to the bremsstrahlung converter are described. Adjusting the magnetic focusing and steering elements to optimize the electron-beam transport through an LIA is often called 'tuning.' As in all high-current LIAs, the focusing field is designed to be as close to that of the ideal continuous solenoid as physically possible. In ideal continuous solenoidal transport a smoothly varying beam size can easily be found for which radial forces balance, and the beam is said to be 'matched' to the focusing field. A 'mismatched' beam exhibits unwanted oscillations in size, which are a source of free energy that contributes to emittance growth. This is undesirable, because in the absence of beam-target effects, the radiographic spot size is proportional to the emittance. Tuning the Axis-II LIA is done in two steps. First, the solenoidal focusing elements are set to values designed to provide a matched beam with little or no envelope oscillations, and little or no beam-breakup (BBU) instability growth. Then, steering elements are adjusted to minimize the motion of the centroid of a well-centered beam at the LIA exit. This article only describes the design of the tune for the focusing solenoids. The DARHT Axis-II LIA was required to be re-tuned after installing an accelerator cell to replace a failed solenoid in March of 2012. We took advantage of this opportunity to improve the design of the focusing tune with better models of the remaining partially failed solenoids, better estimates of beam initial conditions, and better values for pulsed-power voltages. As with all previous tunes for Axis-II, this one incorporates measures to mitigate beam-breakup (BBU) instability, image displacement instability (IDI), corkscrew (sweep), and emittance growth. Section II covers the general approach to of design of focusing solenoid tunes for the DARHT Axis-2 LIA. Section III explains the specific requirements and simulations needed to design the tune for the injector, which includes the thermionic electron source, diode, and six induction cells. Section IV explains the requirements and simulations for tuning the main accelerator, which consists of 68 induction cells. Finally, Section V explores sensitivity of the tune to deviations of parameters from nominal, random variations, and uncertainties in values. Four appendices list solenoid settings for this new tune, discuss comparisons of different simulation codes, show halo formation in mismatched beams, and present a brief discussion of the beam envelope equation, which is the heart of the method used to design LIA solenoid tunes.

Ekdahl, Carl A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

338

The time dependent resistance and inductance of the electric discharges in pulsed gas lasers  

SciTech Connect

A method of finding the time dependent resistances and inductances in the discharges in pulsed gas lasers is described in this work. According to this method the waveforms of the laser circuit voltages are digitized and their first and second derivatives are calculated. There are substituted into the differential equations governing the behavior of the system and relationships among the resistances and inductances are formed for every time. Using relationships from a sequence of four very closed adjacent time instants and considering that during this short time interval the resistances and inductances are varied linearly, their values can be found for this particular time interval. Repeating the same procedure for other time intervals and scanning the entire time region of the discharge, the time histories of the resistances and inductances of the discharges are revealed. These show strong variations in the formation phase of the discharge (first 50 nsec). Specifically the resistances drop rapidly (first 10 nsec) from very high values to low values, while the inductances increase to high values and subsequently decrease, forming an abrupt high peak. The steep drop of the resistances is due to the electron avalanche multiplication, while the peak of the inductances is due to the centripetal magnetic forces (Laplace forces), which cause a temporary constriction of the plasma. In the main phase of the discharge the resistances present a damping oscillation with the same frequency as the voltages, while the inductances present light fluctuations around constant values.

Persephonis, P.; Giannetas, V.; Ioannou, A.; Parthenios, J.; Georgiades, C. [Univ. of Patras, Patra (Greece). Dept. of Physics

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Dynamic environment coupling induce synchronized states in coupled time-delayed electronic circuits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We experimentally demonstrate the occurrence of various synchronized states in coupled piece-wise linear time-delayed electronic circuits using dynamic environment coupling where the environment has its own intrinsic dynamics via feedback from the circuits. We carry out these experiments in two different coupling configurations, namely mutual and subsystem coupling configurations. Depending upon the coupling strength and the nature of feedback, we observe a transition from nonsynchronization to complete synchronization via phase synchronization and from nonsynchronization to inverse synchronization via inverse-phase synchronization between the circuits in hyperchaotic regime. Snapshots of the time evolution, phase projection plots and localized sets of the circuits as observed experimentally from the oscilloscope, along with supporting numerical simulations confirm the existence of different synchronized states. Further, the transition to different synchronized states can be verified from the changes in the largest Lyapunov exponents, Correlation of Probability of Recurrence and Correlation Coefficient as a function of the coupling strength. We present a detailed linear stability analysis and obtain conditions for different synchronized states.

R. Suresh; K. Srinivasan; D. V. Senthilkumar; K. Murali; M. Lakshmanan; J. Kurths

2013-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

340

Reversing-counterpulse repetitive-pulse inductive storage circuit  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high-power reversing-counterpulse repetitive-pulse inductive storage and transfer circuit includes an opening switch, a main energy storage coil, a counterpulse capacitor and a small inductor. After counterpulsing the opening switch off, the counterpulse capacitor is recharged by the main energy storage coil before the load pulse is initiated. This gives the counterpulse capacitor sufficient energy for the next counterpulse operation, although the polarity of the capacitor's voltage must be reversed before that can occur. By using a current-zero switch as the counterpulse start switch, the capacitor is disconnected from the circuit (with a full charge) when the load pulse is initiated, preventing the capacitor from depleting its energy store by discharging through the load. After the load pulse is terminated by reclosing the main opening switch, the polarity of the counterpulse capacitor voltage is reversed by discharging the capacitor through a small inductor and interrupting the discharge current oscillation at zero current and peak reversed voltage. The circuit enables high-power, high-repetition-rate operation with reusable switches and features total control (pulse-to-pulse) over output pulse initiation, duration, repetition rate, and, to some extent, risetime. 10 figs.

Honig, E.M.

1987-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

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341

Reversing-counterpulse repetitive-pulse inductive storage circuit  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high-power reversing-counterpulse repetitive-pulse inductive storage and transfer circuit includes an opening switch, a main energy storage coil, a counterpulse capacitor and a small inductor. After counterpulsing the opening switch off, the counterpulse capacitor is recharged by the main energy storage coil before the load pulse is initiated. This gives the counterpulse capacitor sufficient energy for the next counterpulse operation, although the polarity of the capacitor's voltage must be reversed before that can occur. By using a current-zero switch as the counterpulse start switch, the capacitor is disconnected from the circuit (with a full charge) when the load pulse is initiated, preventing the capacitor from depleting its energy store by discharging through the load. After the load pulse is terminated by reclosing the main opening switch, the polarity of the counterpulse capacitor voltage is reversed by discharging the capacitor through a small inductor and interrupting the discharge current oscillation at zero current and peak reversed voltage. The circuit enables high-power, high-repetition-rate operation with reusable switches and features total control (pulse-to-pulse) over output pulse initiation, duration, repetition rate, and, to some extent, risetime.

Honig, Emanuel M. (Los Alamos, NM)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Numerical Analysis Of Three Component Induction Logging In Geothermal Reservoirs  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This project is supporting the development of the ''Geo-Bilt'', geothermal electromagnetic-induction logging tool that is being built by ElectroManetic Instruments, Inc. The tool consists of three mutually orthogonal magnetic field antennas, and three-component magnetic field receivers located at different distances from the source. In its current configuration, the source that has a moment aligned along the borehole axis consists of a 1m long solenoid, while the two trans-axial sources consist of 1m by 8cm loops of wire. The receivers are located 2m and 5m away from the center of the sources, and five frequencies from 2 kHz to 40 kHz are being employed. This study is numerically investigating (1) the effect of the borehole on the measurements, and (2) the sensitivity of the tool to fracture zone-geometries that might be encountered in a geothermal field. The benefits of the results are that they will lead to a better understanding of the data that the tool produces during its testing phase and an idea of what the limitations of the tool are.

Dr. David L. Alumbaugh

2002-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

343

Ion-Hose Instability in Long Pulse Induction Accelerators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The ion-hose (or fast-ion) instability sets limits on the allowable vacuum in a long-pulse, high current accelerator. Beam-induced ionization of the background gas leads to the formation of an ion channel which couples to the transverse motion of the beam. The instability is studied analytically and numerically for several ion frequency distributions. The effects of beam envelope oscillations on the growth of the instability will be discussed. The saturated non-linear growth of the instability is derived analytically and numerically for two different ion frequency distributions. 1

George J. Caporaso; Jim F. Mccarrick

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Dynamic Phase Transitions in Coupled Motor Proteins  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The effect of interactions on dynamics of coupled motor proteins is investigated theoretically. A simple stochastic discrete model, that allows to calculate explicitly the dynamic properties of the system, is developed. It is shown that there are two dynamic regimes, depending on the interaction between the particles. For strong interactions the motor proteins move as one tight cluster, while for weak interactions there is no correlation in the motion of the proteins, and the particle separation increases steadily with time. The boundary between two dynamic phases is specified by a critical interaction that has a non-zero value only for the coupling of the asymmetric motor proteins, and it depends on the temperature and the transitions rates. At the critical interaction there is a change in a slope for the mean velocities and a discontinuity in the dispersions of the motor proteins as a function of the interaction energy.

Evgeny B. Stukalin; Anatoly B. Kolomeisky

2005-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

345

Photon blockade in quadratically coupled optomechanical systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the steady-state photon statistics of a quadratically coupled optomechanical cavity, which is weakly driven by a monochromatic laser field. We examine the photon blockade by evaluating the second-order correlation function of the cavity photons. By restricting the system within the zero-, one-, and two-photon subspace, we obtain an approximate analytical expression for the correlation function. We also numerically investigate the correlation function by solving the quantum master equation including both optical and mechanical dissipations. The results show that, in the deep-resolved-sideband and single-photon strong-coupling regimes, the single-photon resonant driving will induce a photon blockade, which is limited by the thermal noise of the mechanical environment.

Jie-Qiao Liao; Franco Nori

2013-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

346

Symmetry Breaking in Linearly Coupled Dynamical Lattices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We examine one- and two-dimensional (1D and 2D) models of linearly coupled lattices of the discrete-nonlinear-Schr{\\"{o}}dinger type. Analyzing ground states of the systems with equal powers in the two components, we find a symmetry-breaking phenomenon beyond a critical value of the squared $l^2$-norm. Asymmetric states, with unequal powers in their components, emerge through a subcritical pitchfork bifurcation, which, for very weakly coupled lattices, changes into a supercritical one. We identify the stability of various solution branches. Dynamical manifestations of the symmetry breaking are studied by simulating the evolution of the unstable branches. The results present the first example of spontaneous symmetry breaking in 2D lattice solitons. This feature has no counterpart in the continuum limit, because of the collapse instability in the latter case.

Herring, G; Malomed, B A; Carretero-González, R; Frantzeskakis, D J

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Precise coupling terms in adiabatic quantum evolution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is known that for multi-level time-dependent quantum systems one can construct superadiabatic representations in which the coupling between separated levels is exponentially small in the adiabatic limit. For a family of two-state systems with real-symmetric Hamiltonian we construct such a superadiabatic representation and explicitly determine the asymptotic behavior of the exponentially small coupling term. First order perturbation theory in the superadiabatic representation then allows us to describe the time-development of exponentially small adiabatic transitions. The latter result rigorously confirms the predictions of Sir Michael Berry for our family of Hamiltonians and slightly generalizes a recent mathematical result of George Hagedorn and Alain Joye.

Volker Betz; Stefan Teufel

2004-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

348

Observables in Strongly Coupled Anisotropic Theories  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We review certain anisotropic gauge/gravity dualities, focusing more on a theory with space dependent axion term. Then we discuss and also present some new results for several observables: the static potential and force, the imaginary part of the static potential, the quark dipole in the plasma wind, the drag force and diffusion time, the jet quenching of heavy and light quarks, the energy loss of rotating quarks, the photon production and finally the violation of the holographic viscosity over entropy bound. The corresponding weakly coupled results are also discussed. Finally we investigate the bounds of the parameters of the current strongly coupled anisotropic theories attempting to match them with the observed quark-gluon plasma and report the problems appear.

Dimitrios Giataganas

2013-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

349

Linear conductance through parallel coupled quantum dots  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We study the electronic transport through two parallel coupled quantum dots (QDs), employing the X-boson treatment for the single impurity Anderson model. We compute the linear conductance (LC) and transmission coefficient for different regimes of the ... Keywords: 71.10.Ay, 71.27.+a, 73.21.La, 73.23.-b, Fano resonance, Kondo effect, Quantum dot, Transport, X-boson

R. Franco; J. Silva-Valencia; M. S. Figueira

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Confining Boundary conditions from dynamical Coupling Constants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is shown that it is possible to consistently and gauge invariantly formulate models where the coupling constant is a non trivial function of a scalar field . In the $U(1)$ case the coupling to the gauge field contains a term of the form $g(\\phi)j_\\mu (A^{\\mu} +\\partial^{\\mu}B)$ where $B$ is an auxiliary field and $j_\\mu$ is the Dirac current. The scalar field $\\phi$ determines the local value of the coupling of the gauge field to the Dirac particle. The consistency of the equations determine the condition $\\partial^{\\mu}\\phi j_\\mu = 0$ which implies that the Dirac current cannot have a component in the direction of the gradient of the scalar field. As a consequence, if $\\phi$ has a soliton behaviour, like defining a bubble that connects two vacuua, we obtain that the Dirac current cannot have a flux through the wall of the bubble, defining a confinement mechanism where the fermions are kept inside those bags. Consistent models with time dependent fine structure constant can be also constructed

E. I. Guendelman; R. Steiner

2013-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

351

Coupled transport processes in semipermeable media  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A numerical simulator has been developed to investigate the effects of coupled processes on heat and mass transport in semipermeable media. The governing equations on which the simulator is based were derived using the thermodynamics of irreversible processes. The equations are nonlinear and have been solved numerically using the n-dimensional Newton's method. As an example of an application, the numerical simulator has been used to investigate heat and solute transport in the vicinity of a heat source buried in a saturated clay-like medium, in part to study solute transport in bentonite packing material surrounding a nuclear waste canister. The coupled processes considered were thermal filtration, thermal osmosis, chemical osmosis and ultrafiltration. In the simulations, heat transport by coupled processes was negligible compared to heat conduction, but pressure and solute migration were affected. Solute migration was retarded relative to the uncoupled case when only chemical osmosis was considered. When both chemical osmosis and thermal osmosis were included, solute migration was enhanced. 18 refs., 20 figs.

Jacobsen, J.S.; Carnahan, C.L.

1990-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Coupled Geomechanical Simulations of UCG Cavity Evolution  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents recent work from an ongoing project to develop predictive tools for cavity/combustion-zone growth and to gain quantitative understanding of the processes and conditions (both natural and engineered) affecting underground coal gasification (UCG). In this paper we will focus upon the development of coupled geomechanical capabilities for simulating the evolution of the UCG cavity using discrete element methodologies. The Discrete Element Method (DEM) has unique advantages for facilitating the prediction of the mechanical response of fractured rock masses, such as cleated coal seams. In contrast with continuum approaches, the interfaces within the coal can be explicitly included and combinations of both elastic and plastic anisotropic response are simulated directly. Additionally, the DEM facilitates estimation of changes in hydraulic properties by providing estimates of changes in cleat aperture. Simulation of cavity evolution involves a range of coupled processes and the mechanical response of the host coal and adjoining rockmass plays a role in every stage of UCG operations. For example, cavity collapse during the burn has significant effect upon the rate of the burn itself. In the vicinity of the cavity, collapse and fracturing may result in enhanced hydraulic conductivity of the rock matrix in the coal and caprock above the burn chamber. Even far from the cavity, stresses due to subsidence may be sufficient to induce new fractures linking previously isolated aquifers. These mechanical processes are key in understanding the risk of unacceptable subsidence and the potential for groundwater contamination. These mechanical processes are inherently non-linear, involving significant inelastic response, especially in the region closest to the cavity. In addition, the response of the rock mass involves both continuum and discrete mechanical behavior. We have recently coupled the LDEC (Livermore Distinct Element Code) and NUFT (Non-isothermal Unsaturated Flow and Transport) codes to investigate the interaction between combustion, water influx and mechanical response. The modifications to NUFT are described in detail in a companion paper. This paper considers the extension of the LDEC code and the application of the coupled tool to the simulation of cavity growth and collapse. The distinct element technology incorporated into LDEC is ideally suited to simulation of the progressive failure of the cleated coal mass by permitting the simulation of individual planes of weakness. We will present details of the coupling approach and then demonstrate the capability through simulation of several test cases.

Morris, J P; Buscheck, T A; Hao, Y

2009-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

353

Synthesis report on thermally driven coupled processes  

SciTech Connect

The main purpose of this report is to document observations and data on thermally coupled processes for conditions that are expected to occur within and around a repository at Yucca Mountain. Some attempt is made to summarize values of properties (e.g., thermal properties, hydrologic properties) that can be measured in the laboratory on intact samples of the rock matrix. Variation of these properties with temperature, or with conditions likely to be encountered at elevated temperature in the host rock, is of particular interest. However, the main emphasis of this report is on direct observation of thermally coupled processes at various scales. Direct phenomenological observations are vitally important in developing and testing conceptual models. If the mathematical implementation of a conceptual model predicts a consequence that is not observed, either (1) the parameters or the boundary conditions used in the calculation are incorrect or (2) the conceptual basis of the model does not fit the experiment; in either case, the model must be revised. For example, the effective continuum model that has been used in thermohydrology studies combines matrix and fracture flow in a way that is equivalent to an assumption that water is imbibed instantaneously from fractures into adjacent, partially saturated matrix. Based on this approximation, the continuum-flow response that is analogous to fracture flow will not occur until the effective continuum is almost completely saturated. This approximation is not entirely consistent with some of the experimental data presented in this report. This report documents laboratory work and field studies undertaken in FY96 and FY97 to investigate thermally coupled processes such as heat pipes and fracture-matrix coupling. In addition, relevant activities from past years, and work undertaken outside the Yucca Mountain project are summarized and discussed. Natural and artificial analogs are also discussed to provide a convenient source of material documenting the conceptual and mathematical basis for modeling coupled phenomena. The actual models and codes, and their specific empirical and theoretical bases, will be documented in a separate report to be delivered in FY99.

Hardin, E.L.

1997-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

354

Corpus-based semantic lexicon induction with Web-based corroboration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Various techniques have been developed to automatically induce semantic dictionaries from text corpora and from the Web. Our research combines corpus-based semantic lexicon induction with statistics acquired from the Web to improve the accuracy of automatically ...

Sean P. Igo; Ellen Riloff

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Analysis of electromechanical interactions in a flywheel system with a doubly fed induction machine  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper analyzes the electromechanical inter-action in a flywheel system with a doubly fed induction machine, used for wind farm power smoothing or grid frequency response control. The grid-connected electrical machine ...

Ran, Li

356

Performance of Rotors in a Brushless Doubly-Fed Induction Machine (BDFM)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and the output frequency of the inverter. In common with the currently used double-fed induction generator (DFIG the construction of a machine with a rating similar to that of existing DFIGs, see Figure 1. The authors' BDFM uses

Cambridge, University of

357

Performance Optimization Criteria for Pulsed Inductive Plasma Acceleration Kurt A. Polzin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, which will both be less than one in a real pulsed electromagnetic accelerator. · The inductance ratio, L with decreasing L showing the importance of increasing the ratio LC/L0 in a pulsed electromagnetic accelerator

Choueiri, Edgar

358

Standard guide for mutual inductance bridge applications for wall thickness determinations in boiler tubing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1.1 This guide describes a procedure for obtaining relative wall thickness indications in ferromagnetic and non-ferromagnetic steels using the mutual inductance bridge method. The procedure is intended for use with instruments capable of inducing two substantially identical magnetic fields and noting the change in inductance resulting from differing amounts of steel. It is used to distinguish acceptable wall thickness conditions from those which could place tubular vessels or piping at risk of bursting under high temperature and pressure conditions. 1.2 This guide is intended to satisfy two general needs for users of industrial Mutual Inductance Bridge (MIB) equipment: (1) the need for a tutorial guide addressing the general principles of Mutual Inductance Bridges as they apply to industrial piping; and (2) the need for a consistent set of MIB performance parameter definitions, including how these performance parameters relate to MIB system specifications. Potential users and buyers, as well as experienced M...

American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Development of laboratory doubly fed induction generator for wind energy research.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis studies the basic concept of doubly-fed induction generators (DFIG) and develops a laboratory model to simulate DFIG wind turbine generators (WTG). “Doubly-fed” refers… (more)

Hu, Zhouxing

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

WIPP Employee Inducted Into Mine Rescue Hall of Fame - WIPP Teams...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Inducted Into Mine Rescue Hall of Fame - WIPP Teams Recognized at National Competition August 2, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Blue Mine Rescue Team Captain...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inductively coupled plasma-atomic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

A Study on Insulation Problems in Drive Fed Medium Voltage Induction Motors.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The PWM (pulse-width-modulated) type voltage source converters (VSC) allow a precise speed control of induction motors with maximum achievable energy efficiency. However, the rapid growth… (more)

Haq, Saeed UL

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Multilevel DC Link Inverter for Brushless Permanent Magnet Motors with Very Low Inductance  

SciTech Connect

Due to their long effective air gaps, permanent magnet motors tend to have low inductance. The use of ironless stator structure in present high power PM motors (several tens of kWs) reduces the inductance even further (< 100 {micro}H). This low inductance imposes stringent current regulation demands for the inverter to obtain acceptable current ripple. An analysis of the current ripple for these low inductance brushless PM motors shows that a standard inverter with the most commonly used IGBT switching devices cannot meet the current regulation demands and will produce unacceptable current ripples due to the IGBT's limited switching frequency. This paper introduces a new multilevel dc link inverter, which can dramatically reduce the current ripple for brushless PM motor drives. The operating principle and design guidelines are included.

Su, G.J.

2001-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

363

Comparison of Control Strategy for Double-fed Induction Generator (DFIG)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Vector Control(VC) and Direct Power Control (DPC) of Doubly Fed Induction Generator(DFIG) is studied in this paper. Grid connection and steady state running for DFIG are discussed based on VC and DPC. Two kinds of control strategies of DFIG both have ... Keywords: double-fed induction generator (DFIG), idle load grid-connection, direct power control, vector control, grid voltage orientation

Liu Qizhong; Yu Lan; Wu Guoxiang

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Indirect vector control of a squirrel cage induction generator wind turbine  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper deals with a squirrel cage induction generator connected to the grid through a back-to-back converter driven by vector control. The stator-side converter controls the generator torque by means of an indirect vector control scheme. In order ... Keywords: Back-to-back converter, Low voltage ride through, Squirrel cage induction generator (SCIG), Torque regulation, Vector control, Wind power generation

José Luis DomíNguez-GarcíA; Oriol Gomis-Bellmunt; LluíS Trilla-Romero; Adrií Junyent-Ferré

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Cold Crucible Induction Melter Technology: Results of Laboratory Directed Research and Development  

SciTech Connect

This report provides a review of cold crucible induction melter (CCIM) technology and presents summaries of alternatives and design issues associated with major system components. The objective in this report is to provide background systems level information relating to development and application of cold crucible induction-heated melter technology for radiological waste processing. Included is a detailed description of the bench-top melter system at the V. G. Khlopin Radium Institute currently being used for characterization testing

Gombert, Dirk; Richardson, John Grant

2001-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Low-frequency RF Coupling To Unconventional (Fat Unbalanced) Dipoles  

SciTech Connect

The report explains radio frequency (RF) coupling to unconventional dipole antennas. Normal dipoles have thin equal length arms that operate at maximum efficiency around resonance frequencies. In some applications like high-explosive (HE) safety analysis, structures similar to dipoles with ''fat'' unequal length arms must be evaluated for indirect-lightning effects. An example is shown where a metal drum-shaped container with HE forms one arm and the detonator cable acts as the other. Even if the HE is in a facility converted into a ''Faraday cage'', a lightning strike to the facility could still produce electric fields inside. The detonator cable concentrates the electric field and carries the energy into the detonator, potentially creating a hazard. This electromagnetic (EM) field coupling of lightning energy is the indirect effect of a lightning strike. In practice, ''Faraday cages'' are formed by the rebar of the concrete facilities. The individual rebar rods in the roof, walls and floor are normally electrically connected because of the construction technique of using metal wire to tie the pieces together. There are two additional requirements for a good cage. (1) The roof-wall joint and the wall-floor joint must be electrically attached. (2) All metallic penetrations into the facility must also be electrically connected to the rebar. In this report, it is assumed that these conditions have been met, and there is no arcing in the facility structure. Many types of detonators have metal ''cups'' that contain the explosives and thin electrical initiating wires, called bridge wires mounted between two pins. The pins are connected to the detonator cable. The area of concern is between the pins supporting the bridge wire and the metal cup forming the outside of the detonator. Detonator cables usually have two wires, and in this example, both wires generated the same voltage at the detonator bridge wire. This is called the common-mode voltage. The explosive component inside a detonator is relatively sensitive, and any electrical arc is a concern. In a safety analysis, the pin-to-cup voltage, i.e., detonator voltage, must be calculated to decide if an arc will form. If the electric field is known, the voltage between any two points is simply the integral of the field along a line between the points. Eq. 1.1. For simplicity, it is assumed that the electric field and dipole elements are aligned. Calculating the induced detonator voltage is more complex because of the field concentration caused by metal components. If the detonator cup is not electrically connected to the metal HE container, the portion of the voltage generated by the dipole at the detonator will divide between the container-to-cup and cup-to-pin gaps. The gap voltages are determined by their capacitances. As a simplification, it will be assumed the cup is electrically attached, short circuited, to the HE container. The electrical field in the pin-to-cup area is determined by the field near the dipole, the length of the dipole, the shape of the arms, and the orientation of the arms. Given the characteristics of a lightning strike and the inductance of the facility, the electric fields in the ''Faraday cage'' can be calculated. The important parameters for determining the voltage in an empty facility are the inductance of the rebars and the rate of change of the current, Eq. 1.3. The internal electric fields are directly related to the facility voltages, however, the electric fields in the pin-to-cup space is much higher than the facility fields because the antenna will concentrate the fields covered by the arms. Because the lightning current rise-time is different for every strike, the maximum electric field and the induced detonator voltage should be described by probability distributions. For pedantic purposes, the peak field in the simulations will be simply set to 1 V/m. Lightning induced detonator voltages can be calculated by scaling up with the facility fields. Any metal object around the explosives, such as a work stand, will also distort the electric

Ong, M M; Brown, C G; Perkins, M P; Speer, R D; Javedani, J B

2010-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

367

Land–Atmosphere Coupling Strength in the Global Forecast System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The operational coupled land–atmosphere forecast model from the National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) is evaluated for the strength and characteristics of its coupling in the water cycle between land and atmosphere. Following the ...

Li Zhang; Paul A. Dirmeyer; Jiangfeng Wei; Zhichang Guo; Cheng-Hsuan Lu

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Numerical Simulation of Air–Sea Coupling during Coastal Upwelling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Air–sea coupling during coastal upwelling was examined through idealized three-dimensional numerical simulations with a coupled atmosphere–ocean mesoscale model. Geometry, topography, and initial and boundary conditions were chosen to be ...

Natalie Perlin; Eric D. Skyllingstad; Roger M. Samelson; Philip L. Barbour

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Computing in Thermal Equilibrium With Dipole-Coupled Nanomagnets  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Computing in Thermal Equilibrium With Dipole-Coupled Nanomagnets Computing in Thermal Equilibrium With Dipole-Coupled Nanomagnets Print Monday, 23 May 2011 00:00 In the 1970s, work...

370

Effects of Hydrogen on the Thermo-Acoustics Coupling Mechanisms...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

on the Thermo-Acoustics Coupling Mechanisms of Low-Swirl Injector Flames in a Model Gas Turbine Combustor Title Effects of Hydrogen on the Thermo-Acoustics Coupling...

371

Efficiently Coupling Light to Superconducting Nanowire Single-Photon Detectors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We designed superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors (SNSPDs) integrated with silver optical antennae for free-space coupling and a dielectric waveguide for fiber coupling. According to our finite-element simulation, ...

Hu, Xiaolong

372

Design of the ALS Transverse Coupled-bunch Feedback System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LBL-33269 Design of the ALS Transverse Coupled-BunchESG-231 LSAP-141 Design of the ALS Transverse Coupled-bunchCol- lective Effects in the ALS, these proceedings. [3] J.

Barry, W.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

A Hybrid Coupled General Circulation Model for El Niño Studies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A model is developed for tropical air–sea interaction studies, which is intermediate in complexity between the large coupled general circulation models (coupled GCMs) coming into use and the simple two-level models with which pioneering El Niño–...

J. David Neelin

1990-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Coupled Model Simulation of Snowfall Events over the Black Hills  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Numerical simulations of two snowfall events over the Black Hills of South Dakota are made to demonstrate the use and potential of a coupled atmospheric and land surface model. The Coupled Atmospheric–Hydrologic Model System was used to simulate ...

J. Wang; M. R. Hjelmfelt; W. J. Capehart; R. D. Farley

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Magnetoelastic Coupling in NiMnGa Ferromagnetic Shape ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Magnetoelastic Coupling in NiMnGa Ferromagnetic Shape Memory Alloys. Peng Zhao (Dept. of Materials Science and ...

376

Coupled Lines/Multiport Measurement/Orthogonal Calibration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... understanding of lossy multiconductor transmission lines and modal cross powers. These theoretical developments in coupled line theory have led ...

2012-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

377

Gauge/gravity duality and jets in strongly coupled plasma  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss jets in strongly coupled N = 4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills plasma and their dual gravitational description.

Chesler, Paul M

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Gauge/gravity duality and jets in strongly coupled plasma  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss jets in strongly coupled N = 4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills plasma and their dual gravitational description.

Paul M. Chesler

2009-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

379

Scattering by coupled resonating elements in air  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Scattering by (a) a single composite scatterer consisting of a concentric arrangement of an outer N-slit rigid cylinder and an inner cylinder which is either rigid or in the form of a thin elastic shell and (b) by a finite periodic array of these scatterers in air has been investigated analytically and through laboratory experiments. The composite scatterer forms a system of coupled resonators and gives rise to multiple low frequency resonances. The corresponding analytical model employs polar angle dependent boundary conditions on the surface of the N-slit cylinder. The solution inside the slits assumes plane waves. It is shown also that in the low-frequency range the N-slit rigid cylinder can be replaced by an equivalent fluid layer. Further approximations suggest a simple square root dependence of the resonant frequencies on the number of slits and this is confirmed by data. The observed resonant phenomena are associated with Helmholtz-like behaviour of the resonator for which the radius and width of the openings are much smaller than the wavelength. The problem of scattering by a finite periodic array of such coupled resonators in air is solved using multiple scattering techniques. The resulting model predicts band-gap effects resulting from the resonances of the individual composite scatterers below the first Bragg frequency . Predictions and data confirm that use of coupled resonators results in substantial insertion loss peaks related to the resonances within the concentric configuration. In addition, for both scattering problems experimental data, predictions of the analytical approach and predictions of the equivalent fluid layer approximations are compared in the low-frequency interval.

Anton Krynkin; Olga Umnova; Alvin Y. B. Chong; Shahram Taherzadeh; Keith Attenborough

2011-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

380

Same-Sex Couples and Same-Sex Couples Raising Children in California: Data from Census 2000  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

non-citizens, and/or disabled than parents in marriedin same-sex couples are disabled, 20% of individualsin married couples are disabled. 9 May 2004 Table 2:

Sears, Brad; Badgett, M.V. Lee

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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381

Reflector-coupled fluorescent solar collector  

SciTech Connect

The present invention provides a system for the collection of electromagnetic radiation and the transmission of that radiation to a point of use. In its simplest sense, an apparatus for the collection and transmission of electromagnetic radiation comprises a cylindrical fluorescent fiber, at least one end of which is optically coupled to an optical wave guide, and means for reflecting solar radiation impinging over a relatively wide area onto said cylindrical fluorescent fiber. Preferably, a compound parabolic mirror is employed for reflecting incident solar radiation onto the optical fluorescent fiber.

Younghouse, L.B.

1984-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

382

Mode coupling of electron plasma waves  

SciTech Connect

The driven coupled mode equations are derived for a two fluid, unequal temperature (T/sub e/ much greater than T/sub i/) plasma in the one-dimensional, electrostatic model and applied to the coupling of electron plasma waves. It is assumed that the electron to ion mass ratio identical with m/sub e/M/sub i// much less than 1 and eta$sup 2$/sub ko/k lambda/sub De/ less than 1 where eta$sup 2$/ sub ko/ is the pump wave's power normalized to the plasma thermal energy, k the mode wave number and lambda/sub De/ the electron Debye length. Terms up to quadratic in pump power are retained. The equations describe the linear plasma modes oscillating at the wave number k and at $omega$/sub ek/, the Bohn Gross frequency, and at $Omega$/sub k/, the ion acoustic frequency, subject to the damping rates $nu$/sub ek/ and $nu$/sub ik/ for electrons and ions and their interactions due to intense high frequency waves E/sub k//sup l/. n/sub o/ is the background density, n/sub ik/ the fluctuating ion density, $omega$/sub pe/ the plasma frequency. (auth)

Harte, J.A.

1975-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

383

Coupled transport processes in semipermeable media  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The thermodynamics of irreversible processes (TTIP) is used to derive governing equations and phenomenological equations for transport processes and chemical reactions in water-saturated semipermeable media. TTIP is based on three fundamental postulates. The first postulate, the assumption of local equilibrium, allows the formulation of balance equations for entropy. These equations are the bases for the derivation of governing equations for the thermodynamic variables, temperature, pressure, and composition. The governing equations involve vector fluxes of heat and mass and scalar rates of chemical reactions; in accordance with the second postulate of TTIP, these fluxes and rates are related, respectively, to all scalar driving forces (gradients of thermodynamic variables) acting within the system. The third postulate of TTIP states equality (the Onsager reciprocal relations) between certain of the phenomenological coefficients relating forces and fluxes. The description by TTIP of a system undergoing irreversible processes allows consideration of coupled transport processes such as thermal osmosis, chemical osmosis, and ultrafiltration. The coupled processes can make significant contributions to flows of mass and energy in slightly permeable, permselective geological materials such as clays and shales.

Carnahan, C.L.; Jacobsen, J.S.

1990-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Coupling Measurements in ATF2 Extraction Line  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of ATF2 is to deliver a beam with stable very small spotsizes as required for future linear colliders such as ILC or CLIC. To achieve that, precise controls of aberrations such as dispersion and coupling are necessary. Theoretically, the complete reconstruction of the beam matrix is possible from the measurements of horizontal, vertical and tilted beam sizes, combining skew quadrupole scans at several wire-scanner positions. Such measurements were performed in the extraction line (EXT) of ATF2 in May 2009. We present analysis results attempting to resolve the 4 x 4 beam matrix. We aimed to reconstruct the full beam matrix using only skew quadrupole scans at different EXT wire-scanner locations, with measurements of horizontal, vertical and two tilted beam size projections. Checking the coherence of the {sigma}{sub 13} reconstruction from the {sigma}{sub 80{sup o}} and the {sigma}{sub 100{sup o}} measurements was essential to perform this analysis. We have shown that reconstruction of the coupling element can not be performed independantly of the 4 x 4 diagonal ones since it leads to unphysical results. A more accurate and automatisable method was find, leading to physical beam matrix reconstruction, compatible with the measurements. Another analysis should be performed based on a larger number of data sets to minimise statistical errors.

Rimbault, Cecile; /Orsay, LAL; Kuroda, Shigeru; /KEK, Tsukuba; Tauchi, Toshiaki; /KEK, Tsukuba; Terunuma, Nobuhiro; /KEK, Tsukuba; White, Glen; /SLAC; Woodley, Mark; /SLAC

2012-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

385

Fundamental solutions for isotropic size-dependent couple stress elasticity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fundamental solutions for two- and three-dimensional linear isotropic size-dependent couple stress elasticity are derived, based upon the decomposition of displacement fields into dilatational and solenoidal components. While several fundamental solutions have appeared previously in the literature, the present version is for the newly developed fully determinate couple stress theory. Within this theory, the couple stress tensor is skewsymmetrical and thus possesses vectorial character. The present derivation provides solutions for infinite domains of elastic materials under the influence of unit concentrated forces and couples. Unlike all previous work, unique solutions for displacements, rotations, force-stresses and couple-stresses are established, along with the corresponding force-tractions and couple-tractions. These fundamental solutions are central in analysis methods based on Green's functions for infinite domains and are required as kernels in the corresponding boundary integral formulations for size-dependent couple stress elastic materials.

Ali R. Hadjesfandiari; Gary F. Dargush

2011-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

386

Accurate determination of Curium and Californium isotopic ratios by inductively coupled plasma quadrupole mass spectrometry (ICP-QMS) in 248Cm samples for transmutation studies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The French Atomic Energy Commission has carried out several experiments including the mini-INCA (INcineration of Actinides) project for the study of minor-actinide transmutation processes in high intensity thermal neutron fluxes, in view of proposing solutions to reduce the radiotoxicity of long-lived nuclear wastes. In this context, a Cm sample enriched in {sup 248}Cm ({approx}97 %) was irradiated in thermal neutron flux at the High Flux Reactor (HFR) of the Laue-Langevin Institute (ILL). This work describes a quadrupole ICP-MS (ICP-QMS) analytical procedure for precise and accurate isotopic composition determination of Cm before sample irradiation and of Cm and Cf after sample irradiation. The factors that affect the accuracy and reproducibility of isotopic ratio measurements by ICP-QMS, such as peak centre correction, detector dead time, mass bias, abundance sensitivity and hydrides formation, instrumental background, and memory blank were carefully evaluated and corrected. Uncertainties of the isotopic ratios, taking into account internal precision of isotope ratio measurements, peak tailing, and hydrides formations ranged from 0.3% to 1.3%. This uncertainties range is quite acceptable for the nuclear data to be used in transmutation studies.

Gourgiotis, A.; Isnard, H.; Aubert, M.; Dupont, E.; AlMahamid, I.; Cassette, P.; Panebianco, S.; Letourneau, A.; Chartier, F.; Tian, G.; Rao, L.; Lukens, W.

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Initial report on the application of laser ablation - inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry for the analysis of radioactive Hanford Tank Waste materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Initial LA/MS analyses of Hanford tank waste samples were performed successfully using laboratory and hot cell LA/MS instrumentation systems. The experiments described in this report have demonstrated that the LA/MS data can be used to provide rapid analysis of solid, radioactive Hanford tank waste samples to identify major, minor, and trace constituents (elemental and isotopic) and fission products and radioactive isotopes. The ability to determine isotopic constituents using the LA/MS method yielded significant advantages over ICP/AES analysis by providing valuable information on fission products and radioactive constituents.

Smith, M.R.; Hartman, J.S.; Alexander, M.L.; Mendoza, A.; Hirt, E.H.; Stewart, T.L.; Hansen, M.A.; Park, W.R.; Peters, T.J.; Burghard, B.J.

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Fabrication of Two-Dimensional Photonic Crystals in AlGaInP/GaInP Membranes by Inductively Coupled Plasma Etching  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The fabrication process of two-dimensional photonic crystals in an AlGaInP/GaInP multi-quantum-well membrane structure is developed. The process includes high resolution electron-beam lithography, pattern transfer into ...

Chen, A.

389

Sampling and analysis methods for geothermal fluids and gases  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The sampling procedures for geothermal fluids and gases include: sampling hot springs, fumaroles, etc.; sampling condensed brine and entrained gases; sampling steam-lines; low pressure separator systems; high pressure separator systems; two-phase sampling; downhole samplers; and miscellaneous methods. The recommended analytical methods compiled here cover physical properties, dissolved solids, and dissolved and entrained gases. The sequences of methods listed for each parameter are: wet chemical, gravimetric, colorimetric, electrode, atomic absorption, flame emission, x-ray fluorescence, inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectroscopy, ion exchange chromatography, spark source mass spectrometry, neutron activation analysis, and emission spectrometry. Material on correction of brine component concentrations for steam loss during flashing is presented. (MHR)

Watson, J.C.

1978-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Verification Of The Defense Waste Processing Facility's (DWPF) Process Digestion Methods For The Sludge Batch 8 Qualification Sample  

SciTech Connect

This report contains the results and comparison of data generated from inductively coupled plasmaatomic emission spectroscopy (ICP-AES) analysis of Aqua Regia (AR), Sodium Peroxide/Sodium Hydroxide Fusion Dissolution (PF) and Cold Chem (CC) method digestions and Cold Vapor Atomic Absorption analysis of Hg digestions from the DWPF Hg digestion method of Sludge Batch 8 (SB8) Sludge Receipt and Adjustment Tank (SRAT) Receipt and SB8 SRAT Product samples. The SB8 SRAT Receipt and SB8 SRAT Product samples were prepared in the SRNL Shielded Cells, and the SRAT Receipt material is representative of the sludge that constitutes the SB8 Batch or qualification composition. This is the sludge in Tank 51 that is to be transferred into Tank 40, which will contain the heel of Sludge Batch 7b (SB7b), to form the SB8 Blend composition.

Click, D. R.; Edwards, T. B.; Wiedenman, B. J.; Brown, L. W.

2013-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

391

Leaching and toxicity behavior of coal-biomass waste cocombustion ashes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Land disposal of ash residues, obtained from the cocombustion of Greek lignite with biomass wastes, is known to create problems due to the harmful constituents present. In this regard, the leachability of trace elements from lignite, biomass, and blends cocombustion ashes was investigated by using the Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure (TCLP) of the US Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA). In this work, the toxicity of the aqueous leachates and the concentrations of the metals obtained from the leaching procedure were measured using the Microtox test (Vibrio fischen) and inductive coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometer (ICP-AES), respectively. The toxic effects of most leachates on Vibrio fischeri were found to be significantly low in both 45% and 82% screening test protocols. However, the liquid sample originating from olive kernels fly ash (FA4) caused the highest toxic effect in both protocols, which can be attributed to its relatively high concentrations of As, Cd, Co, Cu, Mn, Ni, and Zn.

Skodras, G.; Prokopidou, M.; Sakellaropoulos, G.P. [Aristotle University in Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki (Greece). Dept. for Chemical Engineering

2006-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

392

Induction, helicity, and alpha effect in a toroidal screw flow of liquid gallium  

SciTech Connect

We investigate experimentally induction mechanisms in a screw flow of gallium in a toroidal channel. The flow is nonstationary and operated in a spin-down regime: the channel (and fluid) are initially set into solid body rotation; as the channel is stopped the fluid is set into strong helical motion by diverters located inside the channel. In this study, we put a particular emphasis on the induction generated by these helical motions, which are expected to develop over the entire range of turbulent scales. We apply an external magnetic field either perpendicular to the channel axis parallel to it. At large scales the nonlinear induction mechanisms are associated with the Parker stretch and twist effect and with the expulsion due to overall rotation. Induction mechanisms can also originate in the small scale helicity as in the alpha induction effect of mean-field magnetohydrodynamics. Our measurements yield an upper bound for the alpha coefficient, significantly lower than estimates based on dimensional analysis. We discuss the consequences of our observations for the engineering of homogeneous dynamos in the laboratory.

Stepanov, R.; Denisov, S.; Noskov, V. [Institute of Continuous Media MechanicsKorolyov 1, 614061 Perm (Russian Federation); Volk, R.; Frick, P.; Pinton, J.-F. [Laboratoire de Physique de l'Ecole Normale Superieur de Lyon, CNRS UMR5672, 46 allee d'Italie, 69007 Lyon (France)

2006-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

393

Strongly Coupled Striped Superconductor with Large Modulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analytically calculate properties of a strongly coupled striped superconductor, with the charge density wave sourced by a modulated chemical potential, in the large modulation wavenumber Q limit. In the absence of a homogeneous term in the chemical potential, we show that the critical temperature scales as a negative power of Q for scaling dimensions \\Delta 3/2, there is no phase transition above a certain critical value of Q. The condensate is found to scale as a positive power of Q such that the gap is proportional to Q. We discuss how these results change if a homogeneous term is added to the chemical potential. We compare our analytic results with numerical calculations whenever the latter are available and find good agreement.

Jimmy A. Hutasoit; Suman Ganguli; George Siopsis; Jason Therrien

2011-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

394

Josephson-Junction Qubits with Controlled Couplings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Low-capacitance Josephson junctions, where Cooper pairs tunnel coherently while Coulomb blockade effects allow the control of the total charge, provide physical realizations of quantum bits (qubits), with logical states differing by one Cooper-pair charge on an island. The single- and two-bit operations required for quantum computation can be performed by applying a sequence of gate voltages. A basic design, described earlier [cond-mat/9706016], is sufficient to demonstrate the principles, but requires a high precision time control, and residual two-bit interactions introduce errors. Here we suggest a new nano-electronic design, close to ideal, where the Josephson junctions are replaced by controllable SQUIDs. This relaxes the requirements on the time control and system parameters substantially, and the two-bit coupling can be switched exactly between zero and a non-zero value for arbitrary pairs. The phase coherence time is sufficiently long to allow a series of operations.

Yuriy Makhlin; Gerd Schoen; Alexander Shnirman

1998-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

395

(Assessment of ground-coupled heat pumps)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objectives of the third working meeting were to assess the accomplishments to date in direct-expansion ground-coupled heat exchanger study and to discuss what should be done in the future. The design concepts presented by each participating country are quite similar. Annex XV enables us to exchange information on experimental and analytical results. The third working meeting was hosted by Oberoesterreichische Kraftwerke Aktiengesellschaft (OKA) Power Co. at Linz, Austria and by the Department of Thermal Engineering, Graz University of Technology at Graz, Austria. The meeting was chaired by Dr. O.J. Svec of Canada. The next working meeting will be held in Japan. The United States will host the last meeting at ORNL in September 1990. 5 refs.

Mei, V.C.

1989-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

396

Solar System constraints to nonminimally coupled gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We extend the analysis of Chiba, Smith and Erickcek \\cite{CSE} of Solar System constraints on $f(R)$ gravity to a class of nonminimally coupled (NMC) theories of gravity. These generalize $f(R)$ theories by replacing the action functional of General Relativity (GR) with a more general form involving two functions $f^1(R)$ and $f^2(R)$ of the Ricci scalar curvature $R$. While the function $f^1(R)$ is a nonlinear term in the action, analogous to $f(R)$ gravity, the function $f^2(R)$ yields a NMC between the matter Lagrangian density $\\LL_m$ and the scalar curvature. The developed method allows for obtaining constraints on the admissible classes of functions $f^1(R)$ and $f^2(R)$, by requiring that predictions of NMC gravity are compatible with Solar System tests of gravity. We apply this method to a NMC model which accounts for the observed accelerated expansion of the Universe.

Orfeu Bertolami; Riccardo March; Jorge Páramos

2013-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

397

Enhanced laser beam coupling to a plasma  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Density perturbations are induced in a heated plasma by means of a pair of oppositely directed, polarized laser beams of the same frequency. The wavelength of the density perturbations is equal to one half the wavelength of the laser beams. A third laser beam is linearly polarized and directed at the perturbed plasma along a line that is perpendicular to the direction of the two opposed beams. The electric field of the third beam is oriented to lie in the plane containing the three beams. The frequency of the third beam is chosen to cause it to interact resonantly with the plasma density perturbations, thereby efficiently coupling the energy of the third beam to the plasma.

Steiger, Arno D. (Pleasanton, CA); Woods, Cornelius H. (Livermore, CA)

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Extended quintessence with an exponential coupling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study a class of extended quintessence cosmologies where the scalar field playing the role of the dark energy is exponentially coupled to the Ricci scalar. We find that the dynamics induced by the effective gravitational potential in the Klein-Gordon equation dominates the motion of the field in the early universe. The resulting "R-boost" trajectory is characterized by a kinetic dark energy density, given by [3\\rhomnr0(1+z)]^2 [ 32 rhor0 omegaJBD0]^(-1), where omegaJBD0, rhor0 and rhomnr0 are calculated at present, and represent the Jordan Brans Dicke parameter, the density of relativistic matter and of those species which are non-relativistic at redshift z, respectively. We show that such a trajectory represents an attractor, equivalent to a tracking solution with equation of state w=-1/3, providing a large basin of attraction for the initial dark energy density regardless of the properties of the potential energy yielding acceleration today. We derive the up to date constraints from Big Bang Nucleosynthesis (BBN) on the present scenario, and we show that they are largely satisfied for interesting trajectories of the dark energy scalar field in the early universe. We compute the cosmological perturbation spectra in these cosmologies. For a fixed value of omegaJBD0, the projection and Integrated Sachs-Wolfe effects on the cosmic microwave background anisotropy are considerably larger in the exponential case with respect to a quadratic non-minimal coupling, reflecting the fact that the effective gravitational constant depends exponentially on the dynamics of the field.

Valeria Pettorino; Carlo Baccigalupi; Gianpiero Mangano

2004-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

399

Inflation by purely kinetic coupled gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study a purely kinetic coupled scalar-tensor gravity. We use FRW metric and obtain the modified Friedmann equations subject to an effective perfect fluid including energy density $\\rho_{\\phi}=\\rho_{g}+\\rho_{_G}$ and pressure $p_{\\phi}=p_{g}+p_{_G}$, where $(\\rho_{g}, p_{g})$ and $(\\rho_{_G}, p_{_G})$ define the perfect fluids corresponding to the coupling of scalar field dynamics with metric and Einstein tensors, respectively. We find that the inflation can occur in this model provided that $p_{_G}=-\\rho_{_G}$. We define Hubble slow-role parameters and find that the Hubble slow-role regime means $\\rho_{_{g}}\\ll\\rho_{_{G}}$. It turns out that the energy is not conserved for the scalar field and its kinetic energy is growing exponentially during inflation. It is proposed that this energy may be supplied by the quantum fluctuations of vacuum. This rapid transfer of energy density from vacuum to the scalar field may solve the cosmological constant problem. When $\\rho_{_{g}}$ becomes sufficiently large, the Hubble parameter starts decreasing and $\\rho_{_{g}}$ becomes comparable with $\\rho_{_{G}}$, hence the slow-role approximation is violated, and the inflation is ended. The large energy density of the scalar field may be transformed, partly into the matter, and partly into the radiation, and the universe experiences a reheating phase. At late times, the kinetic energy of the scalar field decreases as $a^{-6}$ and the remnant energy density of the scalar field may become a source of dark matter. Also, we study the cosmological perturbations during the inflation and obtain the behaviors of perturbations inside and outside the horizon. These results are in agreement with those obtained in common inflationary scenarios.

F. Darabi; A. Parsiya

2013-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

400

An Induction Linac Approach to Phase Rotation of a Muon Bunch in the Production Region of a mu+ - mu- Collider  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

geometry and voltage waveshape requirements. We now turn tocell and voltage insulation requirements. An induction cellgap region. The requirements of voltage insulation and

Turner, W.C.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inductively coupled plasma-atomic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Control strategies of doubly fed induction generator-based wind turbine system with new rotor current protection topology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A protection scheme of a doubly fed induction generator (DFIG) based wind turbine system during faults is crowbar activation. With this protection

Jackson John Justo; Kyoung-Soo Ro

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Modeling, analysis, control and design application guidelines of doubly fed induction generator (DFIG) for wind power applications.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Double Fed Induction Generators (DFIG) has been widely used for the past two decades in large wind farms. However, there are many open-ended problems yet… (more)

Masaud, Tarek

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Performance Improvement of Doubly Fed Induction Generator-based Wind Energy Conversion System during Various Internal Converter Faults.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The doubly fed induction generator (DFIG)-based wind energy conversion system (WECS) currently dominates the wind energy market due to its advantages over other WECSs. In… (more)

Abdou, Ahmed

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Combination induction plasma tube and current concentrator for introducing a sample into a plasma  

SciTech Connect

An induction plasma tube in combination with a current concentrator. The rent concentrator has a substantially cylindrical body having an open end and a partially closed end which defines an aperture. A first slot extends the longitudinal length of the cylindrical body and a second slot extends radially outward from the aperture. Together the first and second slots form a single L-shaped slot. The current concentrator is disposed within a volume bounded by an induction coil substantially along the axis thereof, and when power is applied to the induction coil a concentrated current is induced within the current concentrator aperture. The concentrator is moveable relative to the coil along the longitudinal axis of the coil to control the amount of current which is concentrated at the aperture.

Hull, Donald E. (Los Alamos, NM); Bieniewski, Thomas M. (Los Alamos, NM)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Tocco Induction Heating Div of Ohio  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tocco Induction Heating Div of Ohio Tocco Induction Heating Div of Ohio Crankshaft Co - OH 42 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: TOCCO INDUCTION HEATING, DIV. OF OHIO CRANKSHAFT CO. (OH.42 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: Cleveland , Ohio OH.42-1 Evaluation Year: 1994 OH.42-2 OH.42-3 Site Operations: Tested uranium heating methods during the late 1960s; only small amounts of material indicated. OH.42-1 OH.42-3 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Potential for contamination considered remote based on limited quantities of material handled OH.42-2 Radioactive Materials Handled: Yes Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Uranium OH.42-1 Radiological Survey(s): Yes - health and safety monitoring during operations only OH.42-1

406

Weak coupling limits in a stochastic model of heat conduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the Brownian momentum process, a model of heat conduction, weakly coupled to heat baths. In two different settings of weak coupling to the heat baths, we study the non-equilibrium steady state and its proximity to the local equilibrium measure in terms of the strength of coupling. For three and four site systems, we obtain the two-point correlation function and show it is generically not multilinear.

Redig, Frank

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Method and apparatus for monitoring the rotating frequency of de-energized induction motors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The rotational speed of a coasting induction motor is measured by sensing e residual electrical voltages at the power terminals of the motor, thus eliminating the need for conventional tachometer equipment, additional mechanical components or modifications to the induction motor itself. The power terminal voltage signal is detected and transformed into a DC voltage proportional to the frequency of the signal. This DC voltage can be input to the control system of a variable frequency motor controller to regulate the output characteristics thereof relative to the speed of the coasting motor.

Mikesell, Harvey E. (McMurray, PA); Lucy, Eric (Murrysville, PA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Method and apparatus for monitoring the rotating frequency of de-energized induction motors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The rotational speed of a coasting induction motor is measured by sensing e residual electrical voltages at the power terminals of the motor, thus eliminating the need for conventional tachometer equipment, additional mechanical components or modifications to the induction motor itself. The power terminal voltage signal is detected and transformed into a DC voltage proportional to the frequency of the signal. This DC voltage can be input to the control system of a variable frequency motor controller to regulate the output characteristics thereof relative to the speed of the coasting motor. 6 figs.

Mikesell, H.E.; Lucy, E.

1998-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

409

Coupled hydro-mechanical processes in crytalline rock and in induratedand plastic clays: A comparative discussion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

at Grimsel. In Coupled Thermo-Hydro- Mechanical-ChemicalCOUPLED HYDRO-MECHANICAL PROCESSES IN CRYTALLINE ROCK AND IN

Tsang, Chin-Fu; Blumling, Peter; Bernier, Frederic

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Ground-coupled heat pump systems: a pumping analysis.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Ground-coupled heat pump (GCHP) systems use the ground as a heat source or sink that absorbs heat from or rejects heat to the soil, respectively;… (more)

Mays, Cristin Jean

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Nonlinear coupling of nano mechanical resonators to Josephson quantum circuits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a technique to couple the position operator of a nano mechanical resonator to a SQUID device by modulating its magnetic flux bias. By tuning the magnetic field properly, either linear or quadratic couplings can be realized, with a discretely adjustable coupling strength. This provides a way to realize coherent nonlinear effects in a nano mechanical resonator by coupling it to a Josephson quantum circuit. As an example, we show how squeezing of the nano mechanical resonator state can be realized with this technique. We also propose a simple method to measure the uncertainty in the position of the nano mechanical resonator without quantum state tomography.

Xingxiang Zhou; Ari Mizel

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Schlepping Toward Sustainability: One Couple's Quest to Shrink...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Schlepping Toward Sustainability: One Couple's Quest to Shrink Its Environmental Footprint NOTICE Due to the current lapse of federal funding, Berkeley Lab websites are accessible,...

413

Schlepping Toward Sustainability: One Couple's Quest to Shrink...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Schlepping Toward Sustainability: One Couple's Quest to Shrink Its Environmental Footprint (ENCORE PRESENTATION) NOTICE Due to the current lapse of federal funding, Berkeley Lab...

414

Translation-Coupling Cassette for Quickly and Reliably ...  

Biomass and Biofuels ... The method involves a cassette that couples the full translation of a desired target gene to that of a detectable response gene.

415

Enhanced Control of Powder Yields from Close-Coupled Gas ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, Advanced designs for discrete-jet close-coupled (DJ-CC) gas atomization nozzles and melt feed tubes have been developed to enable powder

416

Mechanical coupling for a rotor shaft assembly of dissimilar materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A mechanical coupling for coupling a ceramic disc member to a metallic shaft includes a first wedge clamp and a second wedge clamp. A fastener engages a threaded end of a tie-bolt to sandwich the ceramic disc between the wedge clamps. An axial spring is positioned between the fastener and the second wedge clamp to apply an axial preload along the longitudinal axis. Another coupling utilizes a rotor shaft end of a metallic rotor shaft as one wedge clamp. Still another coupling includes a solid ceramic rotor disc with a multiple of tie-bolts radially displaced from the longitudinal axis to exert the preload on the solid ceramic rotor disc.

Shi, Jun (Glastonbury, CT); Bombara, David (New Hartford, CT); Green, Kevin E. (Broad Brook, CT); Bird, Connic (Rocky Hill, CT); Holowczak, John (South Windsor, CT)

2009-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

417

NETL: Methane Hydrates - DOE/NETL Projects - THCM Coupled Model...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

effort are to develop a truly coupled numerical model that addresses the complex thermo-hydro-chemo-mechanical (THCM) phenomena in hydrate-bearing sediments through incorporation...

418

Calibrated Broadband DC-Coupled High Impedance Pickoff ...  

Craig E. Deibele, Brian Link, and Vladimir V. Peplov, Calibrated Broadband DC-Coupled High Impedance Pickoff Circuit for Remote Monitoring

419

Analysis of High-Collapse Grade P110 Coupling Failures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

These failures have typically occurred during fracturing operations, when the couplings are subjected to particularly high hoop stresses, and have cumulatively  ...

420

Electric vehicle drive train with direct coupling transmission ...  

An electric vehicle drive train includes an electric motor and an associated speed sensor, a transmission operable in a speed reduction mode or a direct coupled mode ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inductively coupled plasma-atomic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Nuclear reactor remote disconnect control rod coupling indicator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A coupling indicator for use with nuclear reactor control rod assemblies which have remotely disengageable couplings between the control rod and the control rod drive shaft. The coupling indicator indicates whether the control rod and the control rod drive shaft are engaged or disengaged. A resistive network, utilizing magnetic reed switches, senses the position of the control rod drive mechanism lead screw and the control rod position indicating tube, and the relative position of these two elements with respect to each other is compared to determine whether the coupling is engaged or disengaged.

Vuckovich, Michael (McKeesport, PA)

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

John Hsu, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Flux Coupling Machines...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

John Hsu, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Flux Coupling Machines and Switched Reluctance Motors to Replace Permanent Magnets in Electric Vehicles John Hsu, Oak Ridge National...

423

ARPES Provides Direct Evidence of Spin-Wave Coupling  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

band corresponding to the noninteracting case (no spin-wave coupling) was obtained by parabolic interpolation between the lowest data points and the Fermi-level crossing, making...

424

Thermodynamics, Hydrodynamics and Critical Phenomena in Strongly Coupled Gauge Theories.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The gauge theory / string theory correspondence has led to great progress in the study of strongly-coupled gauge theories. In this work, we start with… (more)

Pagnutti, Christopher

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Theory and fabrication of evanescently-coupled photoluminescent devices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis discusses the theory and implementation of evanescently-coupled photoluminescent devices. We demonstrate the feasibility of efficient, spectrally tunable lighting devices through quantum dot photoluminescence. ...

Friend, David Harry

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Determining electrical and heat transfer parameters using coupled boundary measurements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Let $\\Omega\\subset\\R^n$, $n\\ge 3$, be a smooth bounded domain and consider a coupled system in $\\Omega$ consisting of a conductivity equation $\

Katsiaryna Krupchyk; Matti Lassas; Samuli Siltanen

2010-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

427

Atomic Scale Modeling of Point Defects in Materials: Coupling Ab ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Atomic Scale Modeling of Point Defects in Materials: Coupling Ab Initio and Elasticity ... Electrochemical Shock of Lithium Battery Materials.

428

Designing, testing, and analyzing coupled, flux transformer heat.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The proposed research involves designing, testing, and ics. analyzing a coupled, flux transformer heat pipe system following the patent of Oktay and Peterson (1997). Experiments… (more)

Renzi, Kimberly Irene

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Fiber-optic-coupled, laser heated thermoluminescence dosimeter ...  

Fiber-optic-coupled, laser heated thermoluminescence dosimeter for remote radiation sensing Alan L. Hustona) and Brian L. Justus Optical Sciences ...

430

Geothermal: Sponsored by OSTI -- Using fully coupled hydro-geomechanic...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Using fully coupled hydro-geomechanical numerical test bed to study reservoir stimulation with low hydraulic pressure Geothermal Technologies Legacy Collection HelpFAQ | Site Map...

431

Stress, Fracture, and Coupled Mechanical-chemical Degradation in ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Methods of measuring the electrochemical Biot number will be examined. Finally, we will discuss a battery cycle life model based on coupled mechanical and ...

432

Shock waves in strongly coupled plasmas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Shock waves are supersonic disturbances propagating in a fluid and giving rise to dissipation and drag. Weak shocks, i.e., those of small amplitude, can be well described within the hydrodynamic approximation. On the other hand, strong shocks are discontinuous within hydrodynamics and therefore probe the microscopics of the theory. In this paper we consider the case of the strongly coupled N=4 plasma whose microscopic description, applicable for scales smaller than the inverse temperature, is given in terms of gravity in an asymptotically $AdS_5$ space. In the gravity approximation, weak and strong shocks should be described by smooth metrics with no discontinuities. For weak shocks we find the dual metric in a derivative expansion and for strong shocks we use linearized gravity to find the exponential tail that determines the width of the shock. In particular we find that, when the velocity of the fluid relative to the shock approaches the speed of light $v\\to 1$ the penetration depth $\\ell$ scales as $\\ell\\sim (1-v^2)^{1/4}$. We compare the results with second order hydrodynamics and the Israel-Stewart approximation. Although they all agree in the hydrodynamic regime of weak shocks, we show that there is not even qualitative agreement for strong shocks. For the gravity side, the existence of shock waves implies that there are disturbances of constant shape propagating on the horizon of the dual black holes.

Sergei Khlebnikov; Martin Kruczenski; Georgios Michalogiorgakis

2010-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

433

Shock waves in strongly coupled plasmas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Shock waves are supersonic disturbances propagating in a fluid and giving rise to dissipation and drag. Weak shocks, i.e., those of small amplitude, can be well described within the hydrodynamic approximation. On the other hand, strong shocks are discontinuous within hydrodynamics and therefore probe the microscopics of the theory. In this paper, we consider the case of the strongly coupled N=4 plasma whose microscopic description, applicable for scales smaller than the inverse temperature, is given in terms of gravity in an asymptotically AdS{sub 5} space. In the gravity approximation, weak and strong shocks should be described by smooth metrics with no discontinuities. For weak shocks, we find the dual metric in a derivative expansion, and for strong shocks we use linearized gravity to find the exponential tail that determines the width of the shock. In particular, we find that, when the velocity of the fluid relative to the shock approaches the speed of light v{yields}1 the penetration depth l scales as l{approx}(1-v{sup 2}){sup 1/4}. We compare the results with second-order hydrodynamics and the Israel-Stewart approximation. Although they all agree in the hydrodynamic regime of weak shocks, we show that there is not even qualitative agreement for strong shocks. For the gravity side, the existence of shock waves implies that there are disturbances of constant shape propagating on the horizon of the dual black holes.

Khlebnikov, Sergei; Kruczenski, Martin; Michalogiorgakis, Georgios [Department of Physics, Purdue University, 525 Northwestern Avenue, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 (United States)

2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

434

Strong Coupling BCS Superconductivity and Holography  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We attempt to give a holographic description of the microscopic theory of a BCS superconductor. Exploiting the analogy with chiral symmetry breaking in QCD we use the Sakai-Sugimoto model of two D8 branes in a D4 brane background with finite baryon number. In this case there is a new tachyonic instability which is plausibly the bulk analog of the Cooper pairing instability. We analyze the Yang-Mills approximation to the non-Abelian Born-Infeld action. We give some exact solutions of the non-linear Yang-Mills equations in flat space and also give a stability analysis, showing that the instability disappears in the presence of an electric field. The holograhic picture also suggests a dependence of $T_c$ on the number density which is different from the usual (weak coupling) BCS. The flat space solutions are then generalized to curved space numerically and also, in an approximate way, analytically. This configuration should then correspond to the ground state of the boundary superconducting (superfluid) ground state. We also give some preliminary results on Green functions computations in the Sakai - Sugimoto model without any chemical potential

S. Kalyana Rama; Swarnendu Sarkar; B. Sathiapalan; Nilanjan Sircar

2011-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

435

REDUCTION OF CONSTRAINTS FOR COUPLED OPERATIONS  

SciTech Connect

The homogeneity constraint was implemented in the Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF) Product Composition Control System (PCCS) to help ensure that the current durability models would be applicable to the glass compositions being processed during DWPF operations. While the homogeneity constraint is typically an issue at lower waste loadings (WLs), it may impact the operating windows for DWPF operations, where the glass forming systems may be limited to lower waste loadings based on fissile or heat load limits. In the sludge batch 1b (SB1b) variability study, application of the homogeneity constraint at the measurement acceptability region (MAR) limit eliminated much of the potential operating window for DWPF. As a result, Edwards and Brown developed criteria that allowed DWPF to relax the homogeneity constraint from the MAR to the property acceptance region (PAR) criterion, which opened up the operating window for DWPF operations. These criteria are defined as: (1) use the alumina constraint as currently implemented in PCCS (Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} {ge} 3 wt%) and add a sum of alkali constraint with an upper limit of 19.3 wt% ({Sigma}M{sub 2}O < 19.3 wt%), or (2) adjust the lower limit on the Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} constraint to 4 wt% (Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} {ge} 4 wt%). Herman et al. previously demonstrated that these criteria could be used to replace the homogeneity constraint for future sludge-only batches. The compositional region encompassing coupled operations flowsheets could not be bounded as these flowsheets were unknown at the time. With the initiation of coupled operations at DWPF in 2008, the need to revisit the homogeneity constraint was realized. This constraint was specifically addressed through the variability study for SB5 where it was shown that the homogeneity constraint could be ignored if the alumina and alkali constraints were imposed. Additional benefit could be gained if the homogeneity constraint could be replaced by the Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} and sum of alkali constraint for future coupled operations processing based on projections from Revision 14 of the High Level Waste (HLW) System Plan. As with the first phase of testing for sludge-only operations, replacement of the homogeneity constraint with the alumina and sum of alkali constraints will ensure acceptable product durability over the compositional region evaluated. Although these study glasses only provide limited data in a large compositional region, the approach and results are consistent with previous studies that challenged the homogeneity constraint for sludge-only operations. That is, minimal benefit is gained by imposing the homogeneity constraint if the other PCCS constraints are satisfied. The normalized boron releases of all of the glasses are well below the Environmental Assessment (EA) glass results, regardless of thermal history. Although one of the glasses had a normalized boron release of approximately 10 g/L and was not predictable, the glass is still considered acceptable. This particular glass has a low Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} concentration, which may have attributed to the anomalous behavior. Given that poor durability has been previously observed in other glasses with low Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} and Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} concentrations, including the sludge-only reduction of constraints study, further investigations appear to be warranted. Based on the results of this study, it is recommended that the homogeneity constraint (in its entirety with the associated low frit/high frit constraints) be eliminated for coupled operations as defined by Revision 14 of the HLW System Plan with up to 2 wt% TiO{sub 2}. The use of the alumina and sum of alkali constraints should be continued along with the variability study to determine the predictability of the current durability models and/or that the glasses are acceptable with respect to durability. The use of a variability study for each batch is consistent with the glass product control program and it will help to assess new streams or compositional changes. It is also recommended that the influence of alumi

Raszewski, F.; Edwards, T.

2009-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

436

Gas network model allows full reservoir coupling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The gas-network flow model (Gasnet) developed for and added to an existing Qatar General Petroleum Corp. (OGPC) in-house reservoir simulator, allows improved modeling of the interaction among the reservoir, wells, and pipeline networks. Gasnet is a three-phase model that is modified to handle gas-condensate systems. The numerical solution is based on a control volume scheme that uses the concept of cells and junctions, whereby pressure and phase densities are defined in cells, while phase flows are defined at junction links. The model features common numerical equations for the reservoir, the well, and the pipeline components and an efficient state-variable solution method in which all primary variables including phase flows are solved directly. Both steady-state and transient flow events can be simulated with the same tool. Three test cases show how the model runs. One case simulates flow redistribution in a simple two-branch gas network. The second simulates a horizontal gas well in a waterflooded gas reservoir. The third involves an export gas pipeline coupled to a producing reservoir.

Methnani, M.M. [Qatar General Petroleum Corp., Doha (Qatar)

1998-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

437

GEOCHEMISTRY, GEOPHYSICS, GEOSYSTEMS, VOL. ???, XXXX, DOI:10.1029/, Effect of a metallic core on transient geomagnetic induction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on transient geomagnetic induction J. Vel´imsk´y,1 , C. C. Finlay2 1 Department of Geophysics, Faculty, 2:01pm D R A F T #12;X - 2 VEL´IMSK ´Y AND FINLAY: EFFECT OF CORE ON GEOMAGNETIC INDUCTION Abstract be correctly taken into account when mod- elling the geomagnetic field using modern observatory and satellite

Velímsky, Jakub

438

An optimal leakage detection strategy for underground pipelines using magnetic induction-based sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is difficult to detect small leakages in underground pipelines with high accuracy and low-energy cost due to the inaccessible underground environments. To this end, the Magnetic Induction (MI)-based wireless sensor network for underground pipeline ... Keywords: deployment and activation of sensors, energy consumption, estimation accuracy, leakage detection and localization, underground pipelines

Xin Tan, Zhi Sun

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Detuning Detection in Induction Motors Hugo Rodriguez-Cortes, Christoforos N. Hadjicostis and Aleksandar M. Stankovic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

such that the armature current distribution is fixed in space no matter what rotor speed exists. Thus, the field flux of this orthogonality is that the field flux is unaffected by the armature current so that, when the field flux is kept controlling the armature current. In induction motors field flux and armature MMF distributions

Stankoviæ, Aleksandar

440

Adjustable Speed Drive: Harmonic Effects on Induction Motors: Volumes 1 and 2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The use of adjustable speed drives (ASDs) for induction motors in electric power plants has several advantages, but ASDs produce harmonic current and voltage that can result in problems. The Standstill Frequency Response (RFR) program for the personal PC can be used to study these harmonic effects in a wide range of motors.

1995-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inductively coupled plasma-atomic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Derivation of Induction Motor Equivalent Circuit Using Space-Phasor Concepts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The elements of space-phasor theory are discussed with application to the induction machine. The familiar derivation of resultant MMF for a three-phase winding is extended to give a definition of the current space-phasor. The ideas of space-phasor theory ...

Nicholas Zorbas; Bruce A. Neyland

1987-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Adjustable Speed Drive: Harmonic Effects on Induction Motors: Volumes 1 and 2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The use of adjustable speed drives (ASDs) for induction motors in electric power plants has several advantages, but ASDs produce harmonic current and voltage that can result in problems. The Standstill Frequency Response (RFR) program for the personal PC can be used to study these harmonic effects in a wide range of motors.

1995-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

443

High density growth of T7 expression strains with auto-induction option  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for promoting and suppressing auto-induction of transcription of a cloned gene 1 of bacteriophage T7 in cultures of bacterial cells grown batchwise is disclosed. The transcription is under the control of a promoter whose activity can be induced by an exogenous inducer whose ability to induce said promoter is dependent on the metabolic state of said bacterial cells.

Studier, F. William

2013-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

444

Determination of Mercury in Coal by Isotope Dilution Cold-Vapor Generation Inductively  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Articles Determination of Mercury in Coal by Isotope Dilution Cold-Vapor Generation Inductively developed for high-accuracy determinations of mer- cury in bituminous and sub-bituminous coals. A closed- system digestion process employing a Carius tube is used to completely oxidize the coal matrix

445

SAT(ID): satisfiability of propositional logic extended with inductive definitions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We investigate the satisfiability problem, SAT(ID), of an extension of propositional logic with inductive definitions. We demonstrate how to extend existing SAT solvers to become SAT(ID) solvers, and provide an implementation on top of MiniSat. We also ...

Maarten Mariën; Johan Wittocx; Marc Denecker; Maurice Bruynooghe

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Rotor power feedback control of wind turbine system doubly-fed induction generator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper deals with a new system of wind turbine active power vector control. The already familiar cascade regulation with internal vector component feedback of rotor current and external active and reactive power feedbacks control of wind turbine has ... Keywords: DFIG rotor power regulator, doubly-fed induction generator, simulation, vector control

J. Smajo

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Searching for meaningful feature interactions with backward-chaining rule induction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Exploring the vast number of possible feature interactions in domains such as gene expression microarray data is an onerous task. We propose Backward-Chaining Rule Induction (BCRI) as a semi-supervised mechanism for biasing the search for plausible feature ...

Doug Fisher; Mary Edgerton; Lianhong Tang; Lewis Frey; Zhihua Chen

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Using virtual reality and mood-induction procedures to test products with consumers of ceramic tiles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This work describes a Virtual Reality Environment (VRE), through which users are able to view and test ceramic tile products. Users' virtual interfacing with the products generated emotional experiences that allowed them to feel ''engaged'' with the ... Keywords: Consumers, Mood-induction procedures, Product testing, Relaxation, Sense of presence, Virtual reality

Berenice Serrano; Cristina Botella; Rosa M. BañOs; Mariano AlcañIz

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Performance of Double-Output Induction Generator for Wind Energy Conversion Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With growing concerns about environmental pollution and a possible energy shortage, great efforts have been taken by the governments around the world to implement renewable energy programs, based mainly on wind power, solar energy, small hydro-electric ... Keywords: Double-output induction generator (DOIG), steady state model, field-oriented control, dynamic model, PWM converters

B. Chitti Babu; K. B. Mohanty; C. Poongothai

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Predictive Power Control of Doubly-Fed Induction Generator for Wave Energy Converters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the Doubly- fed induction generator (DFIG). This paper deals then with a model-based predictive power control of a DFIG-based Wave Energy Converter (WEC). In the proposed control approach, the predicted output power was calculated using a DFIG linearized state-space model. The DFIG-based WEC power tracking performances further

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

451

RTDS Based Maximal Power Point Tracking Simulation for Doubly-Fed Induction Generator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the control of the wind generation, the maximal power point tracking (MPPT) control plays important role in the efficiency. This paper presents the simulation results of the MPPT control with RTDS-based DFIG model. At first, it analyzes the vector-control ... Keywords: Wind energy, DFIG((doubly-fed induction generator), Stator flux-oriented, Maximal power point tracking

Jiamin Zhang; Ancheng Xue; Tianshu Bi

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Simulation and Experimental Analysis of Grid-Connected Doubly-Fed Induction Generators  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With the increase of wind generation penetration in power systems, it becomes more and more important to study its impact on power systems characteristics. The accurate dynamic modeling of wind plants is critical for the grid planning and operating studies. ... Keywords: doubly fed induction generator (DFIG), short-circuit test, model validation, transient stability

Guo Jiayang; Yu Xiao; Wu Tao; Chang Xianrong; Li Shanying; Liu Hui; Sun Yu

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Fault identification in doubly fed induction generator using FFT and neural networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a fault identification system for doubly fed induction generator (DFIG). It considers cases of single phase short-circuits and load switching. The system uses the fast fourier transform (FFT) to preprocessor data, which consist by ... Keywords: fast fourier transform, fault identification, neural network

Marcelo Patrício de Santana; José Roberto Boffino de Almeida Monteiro; Geyverson Teixeira de Paula; Thales Eugenio Portes de Almeida; Gustavo Bueno Romero; Júlio César Faracco

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

The Influence of Electrical Parameters of Double Fed Induction Generator on the Transient Voltage Stability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes the effect of electrical parameters of the double fed induction generator on the transient voltage stability of a DFIG to a simple grid; the DFIG model has been developed in the Matlab/simulink tool. The dynamic behavior of a wind ... Keywords: DFIG model, electrical parameter, voltage stability, small signal analysis

Hongmei Li; Qiulan Wan; Zhaoxing Ma

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Reference value choice of the wind turbine active power with doubly-fed induction generator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The variable speed wind turbine with doubly-fed induction generator (DFIG) is today widely used concept. This paper presents a control system of the DFIG wind turbine with focus on the control strategies and on active power reference value choice. The ... Keywords: DFIG, dynamic simulation, reference value of active power, wind turbine

J. Smajo; M. Smajo; D. Vukadinovic

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Reliability analysis of fault tolerant wind energy conversion system with doubly fed induction generator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper deals with the design of a reliable fault tolerant converter topology for grid connected Wind Energy Conversion System (WECS) with Double Fed Induction Generator (DFIG) based on functional redundancy. The main contribution of the developed ... Keywords: Markov chain model, fault tolerant system, reliability analysis, wind energy conversion system

Philippe Weber; Florent Becker; Antoine Mathias; Didier Theilliol; Youmin M. Zhang

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Impact of Permanent Magnet Field on Inductance Variation of a PMLSM Julien Gomand1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Surface Mounted Permanent Magnet Linear Synchronous Motors are generally presented with constantImpact of Permanent Magnet Field on Inductance Variation of a PMLSM Julien Gomand1 , Ghislain Remy1 Linear drive, Modelling, Estimation technique, Synchronous motor, Harmonics. Abstract Analytical models

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

458

Harmonic filters influences regarding the power quality on high frequency electrothermal installation with electromagnetic induction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a study regarding the functioning of a melting/hardening electrothermal installation with electromagnetic induction from the point of view of generated harmonics in the power distribution. The authors made simulations in scope of ... Keywords: electrothermal installation, harmonic, passive filters, static converter

Raluca Rob; Ioan Sora; Caius Panoiu; Manuela Panoiu

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Magneto-inductive networked rescue system (MINERS): taking sensor networks underground  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wireless underground networks are an emerging technology which have application in a number of scenarios. For example, in a mining disaster, flooding or a collapse can isolate portions of underground tunnels, severing wired communication links and preventing ... Keywords: magnetic, magneto-inductive, mining, network, search and rescue, triaxial, underground

Andrew Markham; Niki Trigoni

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

New Empirical Relationship between Thrust Coefficient and Induction Factor for the Turbulent Windmill State  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Wind turbines sometimes experience the turbulent windmill state during startup or shutdown. This rarely happens during normal operation, so it has little effect on power curves or energy production. However, for completeness we need to be able to model situations where the axial induction factor exceeds 0.5. Classical momentum theory, which shows a relationship between the thrust coefficient and the axial induction factor, is not valid in this region. Glauert plotted some experimental data taken by Lock in the 1920s against this parabolic relationship and found very poor agreement for operation in this high-induction state. He proposed a new empirical relationship to fit the experimental data. Unfortunately, the new empirical curve does not account for tip or hub losses. Others have proposed multiplying the axial induction factor by the loss factor to correct the curve, but this still leaves a mathematical no-man's-land between the classical curve and the modified version of Glauert's empirical curve. The purpose of this paper is to document the derivation of a new curve that accounts for tip and hub losses and eliminates the numerical problems of the previous approaches.

Buhl, M.L., Jr.

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inductively coupled plasma-atomic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Voltage control of emerging distribution systems with induction motor loads using robust LQG approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

mode" in emerging distribution systems. The small-signal stability analysis indicates that load voltageVoltage control of emerging distribution systems with induction motor loads using robust LQG has significant performance to improve the voltage profile of the distributed generation system

Pota, Himanshu Roy

462

1999 Toyota RAV 4 EV Performance Characterization: Panasonic NiMH Battery -- Inductive Charging  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report characterizes the performance of a 1999 Toyota RAV 4 inductively-charged electric vehicle equipped with Panasonic Nickel Metal Hydride (NiMH) batteries. The tests performed were weight certification, range, vehicle performance, sound level tests, power quality evaluation, state of charge meter evaluation, and charger performance.

1999-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

463

Integration of Xantrex HY-100 Hybrid Inverter with an AC Induction Wind Turbine  

SciTech Connect

Several issues must be addressed before solid-state inverters can be used in wind-diesel systems with larger wind turbines. This project addresses those issues by using a commercial hybrid inverter designed for PV-diesel systems and modifying the inverter for use with an AC induction wind turbine. Another approach would have entailed building an inverter specifically for use with an AC induction wind turbine, but that was beyond the scope of this project. The inverter chosen for this project was a Xantrex HY-100, an inverter designed for PV systems. The unit consists of an inverter/rectifier bridge, a generator interface contactor, a battery charge controller, a hybrid controller, and the associated control electronics. Details of the inverter may be found in Appendix A. A twofold approach was taken to integrating the existing inverter for use with an AC induction wind turbine: 1) development of a detailed model to model both steady-state and transient behavior of the system, and 2) modification and testing of the inverter with an induction wind turbine based on the modeling results. This report describes these two tasks.

Corbus, D.; Newcomb, C.; Friedly, S.

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

FPGA Implementation of Space Vector PWM Technique for Voltage Source Inverter Fed Induction Motor Drive  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents implementation of Space Vector Pulse Width Modulation (SVPWM) technique for three phase Voltage Source Inverter (VSI) using Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA). Variable voltage and frequency supply to ac drives is invariably obtained ... Keywords: VSI, SVPWM, FPGA, Induction Motor

R. Rajendran; N. Devarajan

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

A minimal coupling method for dissipative quantum systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantum dynamics of a general dissipative system investigated by its coupling to a Klein-Gordon type field as the environment by introducing a minimal coupling method. As an example, the quantum dynamics of a damped three dimensional harmonic oscillator investigated and some transition probabilities indicating the way energy flows between the subsystems obtained. The quantum dynamics of a dissipative two level system considered.

F. Kheirandish; A. Amooshahi

2005-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

466

Conservation laws in gravitational theories with general nonminimal coupling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We use the Lagrange-Noether methods to derive the conservation laws for models in which matter interacts nonminimally with the gravitational field. The nonminimal coupling function can depend arbitrarily on the gravitational field strength. The obtained result generalizes earlier findings. The generalized conservation laws provide the basis for the derivation of the equations of motion for the nonminimally coupled test bodies.

Yuri N. Obukhov; Dirk Puetzfeld

2013-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

467

Integrated autothermal reactor concepts for oxidative coupling and reforming of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 1.3 Oxidative coupling and steam reforming of methane . . . . . . . . . . 5 1.4 This thesis of methane . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 2.4 Only steam reforming of methane#12;Integrated autothermal reactor concepts for oxidative coupling and reforming of methane #12

Twente, Universiteit

468

A Linear Stability Analysis of Coupled Tropical Atlantic Variability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A linear stability analysis of an intermediate coupled ocean–atmosphere model reveals that the tropical Atlantic has two types of coupled modes: a meridional mode at the decadal time scale and a zonal mode at the interannual time scale. The ...

Faming Wang; Ping Chang

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Transmission and Conversion of Energy by Coupled Soft Gears  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dynamical aspects of coupled deformable gears are investigated to clarify the differences of mechanical properties between the machines consist of hard materials and those of soft materials. In particular, the performances of two functions, the transmission and the conversion of the energy, are compared between the hard and soft gears systems. First, the responses of the coupled gears against a constant torque working on one of gears are focused for two types of couplings; P) a pair gears are coupled, and T) three gears are coupled with forming a regular triangle. In systems with the coupling P), we obtain trivial results that the rotational energy can be transmitted to other gear only if these gears are hard enough. On the other hand, in systems with the coupling T), the transmission of the rotational energy to one of the other gears appears only if these gears are soft enough. Second, we show the responses of this system in which one of gears have contact with a high temperature heat bath and the other gears have contact with a 0 temperature heat bath. With the coupling T), the directional rotations appear in two gears having contact with 0 temperature heat bath. Here, the direction of these rotations change depending on the noise strength.

Akinori Awazu

2005-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

470

Theoretical study of transverse-longitudinal emittance coupling  

SciTech Connect

The effect of a weakly coupled periodic lattice in terms of achieving emittance exchange between the transverse and longitudinal directions is investigated using the generalized Courant-Snyder theory for coupled lattices. Recently, the concept and technique of transverse-longitudinal emittance coupling have been proposed for applications in the Linac Coherent Light Source and other free-electron lasers to reduce the transverse emittance of the electron beam. Such techniques can also be applied to the driver beams for the heavy ion fusion and beam-driven high energy density physics, where the transverse emittance budget is typically tighter than the longitudinal emittance. The proposed methods consist of one or several coupling components which completely swap the emittances of one of the transverse directions and the longitudinal direction at the exit of the coupling components. The complete emittance exchange is realized in one pass through the coupling components. In the present study, we investigate the effect of a weakly coupled periodic lattice in terms of achieving emittance exchange between the transverse and longitudinal directions. A weak coupling component is introduced at every focusing lattice, and we would like to determine if such a lattice can realize the function of emittance exchange.

Qin, H; Davidson, R C; Chung, M; Barnard, J J; Wang, T F

2011-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

471

Loose Coupling and Healthcare Organizations: Deployment Strategies for Groupware  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Healthcare organizations are often organized in a modular, loosely coupled fashion where separate and semi-autonomous work units specialize in different areas of care delivery. This partitioning allows each unit to adapt to emerging practice standards ... Keywords: deployment planning, groupware deployment, healthcare, human service organizations, loose coupling

David Pinelle; Carl Gutwin

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Quantum Mechanics of Successive Measurements with Arbitrary Meter Coupling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study successive measurements of two observables using von Neumann's measurement model. The two-pointer correlation for arbitrary coupling strength allows retrieving the initial system state. We recover Luders rule, the Wigner formula and the Kirkwood-Dirac distribution in the appropriate limits of the coupling strength.

Lars M. Johansen; Pier A. Mello

2009-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

473

Coupling water and smoke to thin deformable and rigid shells  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a novel method for solid/fluid coupling that can treat infinitesimally thin solids modeled by a lower dimensional triangulated surface. Since classical solid/fluid coupling algorithms rasterize the solid body onto the fluid grid, an entirely ... Keywords: cloth, rigid bodies, shells, smoke, water

Eran Guendelman; Andrew Selle; Frank Losasso; Ronald Fedkiw

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Advanced algorithms for coupled and inverse problems in electrical engineering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents some theoretical and numerical problems that arise in the analysis of coupled electromagnetic-thermal problems, and inverse problems in electromagnetic devices. The principal objective of the paper is to describe some computational ... Keywords: coupled fields, finite element method, inverse problems

Ion Cârstea

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

ARPES Provides Direct Evidence of Spin-Wave Coupling  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ARPES Provides Direct Evidence of Spin-Wave Coupling Print ARPES Provides Direct Evidence of Spin-Wave Coupling Print The electronic properties of a metal are determined by the dynamical behavior of its conduction electrons. Conventional band theory accounts for the interaction of the electrons with the static ion lattice. However, coupling to further microscopic degrees of freedom can alter the electron dynamics considerably. For example, "conventional" superconductivity emerges as a result of the electrons' interaction with lattice vibrations (phonons). In magnetic materials, coupling with spin waves (magnons) is also expected. Such interactions may contribute to high-temperature superconductivity in novel materials. Unfortunately, lattice vibrations and spin waves have similar energy scales, hindering detailed study. Researchers have taken a new approach in analyzing the electron bands of ferromagnetic iron. Angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) provides direct spectroscopic evidence of altered electron mass and energy (quasiparticle formation) in a magnetic solid due to coupling with spin waves.

476

ARPES Provides Direct Evidence of Spin-Wave Coupling  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ARPES Provides Direct Evidence of Spin-Wave Coupling Print ARPES Provides Direct Evidence of Spin-Wave Coupling Print The electronic properties of a metal are determined by the dynamical behavior of its conduction electrons. Conventional band theory accounts for the interaction of the electrons with the static ion lattice. However, coupling to further microscopic degrees of freedom can alter the electron dynamics considerably. For example, "conventional" superconductivity emerges as a result of the electrons' interaction with lattice vibrations (phonons). In magnetic materials, coupling with spin waves (magnons) is also expected. Such interactions may contribute to high-temperature superconductivity in novel materials. Unfortunately, lattice vibrations and spin waves have similar energy scales, hindering detailed study. Researchers have taken a new approach in analyzing the electron bands of ferromagnetic iron. Angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) provides direct spectroscopic evidence of altered electron mass and energy (quasiparticle formation) in a magnetic solid due to coupling with spin waves.

477

ARM - Field Campaign - Tropical Ocean Global Atmosphere Coupled  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

govCampaignsTropical Ocean Global Atmosphere Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere govCampaignsTropical Ocean Global Atmosphere Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Response Exp Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign : Tropical Ocean Global Atmosphere Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Response Exp 1992.07.11 - 1993.02.28 Lead Scientist : Chuck Long Data Availability Final data available. For data sets, see below. Summary IOP completed. Description The Tropical Ocean Global Atmosphere Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Response Experiment (TOGA-COARE) was conducted to better understand the structure of the coupled system of the warm pool of the western Pacific Ocean. Hundreds of participants from dozens of countries took part in this experiment from November 1, 1992 through February 28, 1993. Campaign Data Sets

478

Acetaminophen hepatotoxicity and HIF-1{alpha} induction in acetaminophen toxicity in mice occurs without hypoxia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

HIF-1{alpha} is a nuclear factor important in the transcription of genes controlling angiogenesis including vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). Both hypoxia and oxidative stress are known mechanisms for the induction of HIF-1{alpha}. Oxidative stress and mitochondrial permeability transition (MPT) are mechanistically important in acetaminophen (APAP) toxicity in the mouse. MPT may occur as a result of oxidative stress and leads to a large increase in oxidative stress. We previously reported the induction of HIF-1{alpha} in mice with APAP toxicity and have shown that VEGF is important in hepatocyte regeneration following APAP toxicity. The following study was performed to examine the relative contribution of hypoxia versus oxidative stress to the induction of HIF-1{alpha} in APAP toxicity in the mouse. Time course studies using the hypoxia marker pimonidazole showed no staining for pimonidazole at 1 or 2 h in B6C3F1 mice treated with APAP. Staining for pimonidazole was present in the midzonal to periportal regions at 4, 8, 24 and 48 h and no staining was observed in centrilobular hepatocytes, the sites of the toxicity. Subsequent studies with the MPT inhibitor cyclosporine A showed that cyclosporine A (CYC; 10 mg/kg) reduced HIF-1{alpha} induction in APAP treated mice at 1 and 4 h and did not inhibit the metabolism of APAP (depletion of hepatic non-protein sulfhydryls and hepatic protein adduct levels). The data suggest that HIF-1{alpha} induction in the early stages of APAP toxicity is secondary to oxidative stress via a mechanism involving MPT. In addition, APAP toxicity is not mediated by a hypoxia mechanism.

Chaudhuri, Shubhra, E-mail: schaudhuri@uams.edu [Department of Pediatrics, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences (United States); Arkansas Children's Hospital Research Institute, Little Rock, AR (United States); McCullough, Sandra S., E-mail: mcculloughsandras@uams.edu [Department of Pediatrics, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences (United States); Arkansas Children's Hospital Research Institute, Little Rock, AR (United States); Hennings, Leah, E-mail: henningsleah@uams.edu [Department of Pathology, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences (United States); Letzig, Lynda [Department of Pediatrics, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences (United States); Arkansas Children's Hospital Research Institute, Little Rock, AR (United States); Simpson, Pippa M., E-mail: psimpson@mcw.edu [Department of Pediatrics, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI (United States); Hinson, Jack A., E-mail: hinsonjacka@uams.edu [Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences (United States); James, Laura P., E-mail: lameslaurap@uams.edu [Department of Pediatrics, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences (United States); Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences (United States); Arkansas Children's Hospital Research Institute, Little Rock, AR (United States)

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Effects of diurnal variation on a tropical coupling system: a 2-dimensional coupled ocean-cloud resolving atmosphere modeling study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effects of diurnal variation on tropical atmospheric and oceanic variability are investigated with a two-dimensional coupled ocean-cloud resolving atmosphere model. The experiment with a time-invariant solar zenith angle is compared to the control ... Keywords: diurnal variation, tropical coupling system

Shouting Gao; Yushu Zhou

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

GE Energy Coupled Microgirid Project -University of Notre Dame -April 7, 2011 Distributive Reactive Control in Coupled Microgrids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reactive Control in Coupled Microgrids Task Objectives and Approach simPower Model of MV Network CERTS Microgrid Models Reactive Control of Voltage Rise Deliverables Schedule Distributed Event-Triggered Control of Coupled Microgrids #12;Task Objectives and Approach Task will develop distributed methods to maximize

Lemmon, Michael

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inductively coupled plasma-atomic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

DECENTRALIZED CONTROL ARCHITECTURE FOR COUPLING MICROGRIDS INTO DISTRIBUTION NETWORKS 1 Task 1: Coupling Low-Voltage Microgrids into  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DECENTRALIZED CONTROL ARCHITECTURE FOR COUPLING MICROGRIDS INTO DISTRIBUTION NETWORKS 1 Task 1: Coupling Low-Voltage Microgrids into Mid-Voltage Distribution Systems Zhao Wang, Student Member, IEEE-voltage (LV) microgrids. At the same time, reactive power is dispatched coordinatively so that voltage

Lemmon, Michael

482

Proceedings of the North American Power Symposium NAPS, MIT, November 1996, pp.559-565. Bifurcation Analysis of Induction Motor Loads  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Analysis of Induction Motor Loads for Voltage Collapse Studies Claudio A. Ca~nizares William Rosehart, aggregated loads, induction motor models, voltage collapse. I. Introduction Voltage stability problems- lapse of combined induction motor and impedance loads by means of lab measurements and computer

Cañizares, Claudio A.

483

Initial Coupling of the RELAP-7 and PRONGHORN Applications  

SciTech Connect

Modern nuclear reactor safety codes require the ability to solve detailed coupled neutronic- thermal fluids problems. For larger cores, this implies fully coupled higher dimensionality spatial dynamics with appropriate feedback models that can provide enough resolution to accurately compute core heat generation and removal during steady and unsteady conditions. The reactor analysis code PRONGHORN is being coupled to RELAP-7 as a first step to extend RELAP’s current capabilities. This report details the mathematical models, the type of coupling, and the testing results from the integrated system. RELAP-7 is a MOOSE-based application that solves the continuity, momentum, and energy equations in 1-D for a compressible fluid. The pipe and joint capabilities enable it to model parts of the power conversion unit. The PRONGHORN application, also developed on the MOOSE infrastructure, solves the coupled equations that define the neutron diffusion, fluid flow, and heat transfer in a full core model. The two systems are loosely coupled to simplify the transition towards a more complex infrastructure. The integration is tested on a simplified version of the OECD/NEA MHTGR-350 Coupled Neutronics-Thermal Fluids benchmark model.

J. Ortensi; D. Andrs; A.A. Bingham; R.C. Martineau; J.W. Peterson

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Surface preparation and coupling in plastic scintillator dosimetry  

SciTech Connect

One way to improve the performance of scintillation dosimeters is to increase the light-collection efficiency at the coupling interfaces of the detector system. We performed a detailed study of surface preparation of scintillating fibers and their coupling with clear optical fibers to minimize light loss and increase the amount of light collected. We analyzed fiber-surface polishing with aluminum oxide sheets, coating fibers with magnesium oxide, and the use of eight different coupling agents (air, three optical gels, an optical curing agent, ultraviolet light, cyanoacrylate glue, and acetone). We prepared 10 scintillating fiber and clear optical fiber light guide samples to test different coupling methods. To test the coupling, we first cut both the scintillating fiber and the clear optical fiber. Then, we cleaned and polished both ends of both fibers. Finally, we coupled the scintillating fiber with the clear optical fiber in either a polyethylene jacket or a V-grooved support depending on the coupling agent used. To produce more light, we used an ultraviolet lamp to stimulate scintillation. A typical series of similar couplings showed a standard deviation in light-collection efficiency of 10%. This can be explained by differences in the surface preparation quality and alignment of the scintillating fiber with the clear optical fiber. Absence of surface polishing reduced the light collection by approximately 40%, and application of magnesium oxide on the proximal end of the scintillating fiber increased the amount of light collected from the optical fiber by approximately 39%. Of the coupling agents, we obtained the best results using one of the optical gels. Because a large amount of the light produced inside a scintillator is usually lost, better light-collection efficiency will result in improved sensitivity.

Ayotte, Guylaine; Archambault, Louis; Gingras, Luc; Lacroix, Frederic; Beddar, A. Sam; Beaulieu, Luc [Departement de physique, de genie physique et d' optique, Universite Laval, Quebec City, Quebec, G1K7P4 (Canada) and Departement de Radio-Oncologie, Hotel Dieu de Quebec, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Quebec, Quebec City, Quebec, G1R2J6 (Canada); Departement de physique, de genie physique et d' optique, Universite Laval, Quebec City, Quebec, G1K7P4 (Canada) and Department de Radio-Oncologie, Hotel Dieu de Quebec, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Quebec, Quebec City, Quebec, G1R2J6 (Canada) and Department of Radiation Physics, Division of Radiation Oncology, University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77030 (United States); Department de physique, de genie physique et d' optique, Universite Laval, Quebec City, Quebec, G1K7P4 (Canada) and Department de Radio-Oncologie, Hotel Dieu de Quebec, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Quebec, Quebec City, Quebec, G1R2J6 (Canada); Department of Radiation Physics, Division of Radiation Oncology, University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77030 (United States); Department de physique, de genie physique et d' optique, Universite Laval, Quebec City, Quebec, G1K7P4 (Canada) and Department de Radio-Oncologie, Hotel Dieu de Quebec, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Quebec, Quebec City, Quebec, G1R2J6 (Canada)

2006-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

485

Maxwell Equation for the Coupled Spin-Charge Wave Propagation  

SciTech Connect

We show that the dissipationless spin current in the ground state of the Rashba model gives rise to a reactive coupling between the spin and charge propagation, which is formally identical to the coupling between the electric and the magnetic fields in the 2 + 1 dimensional Maxwell equation. This analogy leads to a remarkable prediction that a density packet can spontaneously split into two counter propagation packets, each carrying the opposite spins. In a certain parameter regime, the coupled spin and charge wave propagates like a transverse 'photon'. We propose both optical and purely electronic experiments to detect this effect.

Bernevig, B.Andrei; Yu, Xiaowei; Zhang, Shou-Cheng; /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.

2010-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

486

BAYONET TYPE COUPLING WITH PIVOTED SEGMENT RELEASE MEANS  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A remotely actuated quick-disconnect electrical connector that comprises a pair of mating connector halves releasably retained together by an interlocking pin and groove arrangement is described. Pivotal latch means disposed in one of the connector halves adjacent the ends of the coupling grooves are normally held in an abutting relationship with the coupling pins by a slidable, lanyard actuated sleeve. The latch retains the pins in the grooves until the lanyard moves the sleeve and enables the latch to pivot out of the path of the pins for effecting disengagement of the coupling. (AEC)

Work, R.O.

1963-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

487

Noncommutative scalar field minimally coupled to nonsymmetric gravity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We construct a non-commutative non symmetric gravity minimally coupled model (the star product only couples matter). We introduce the action for the system considered namely a non-commutative scalar field propagating in a nontrivial gravitational background. We expand the action in powers of the anti-symmetric field and the graviton to second order adopting the assumption that the scalar is weekly coupled to the graviton. We compute the one loop radiative corrections to the self-energy of a scalar particle.

Kouadik, S.; Sefai, D. [Laboratory of Mechanic, Physics and Mathematical Modeling Medea University (Algeria)

2012-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

488

Generation of even harmonics in coupled quantum dots  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using the spatial-temporal symmetry principle we developed recently, we propose an effective scheme for even-harmonics generation in coupled quantum dots. The relative intensity of odd and even harmonic components in the emission spectrum can be controlled by tuning the dipole couplings among the dots, which can be realized in experiments by careful design of the nanostructures. In particular, pure 2nth harmonics and (2n+1)th harmonics (where n is an integer) can be generated simultaneously with polarizations in two mutual perpendicular directions in our systems. An experimental design of the coupled dots system is presented.

Guo Shifang; Duan Suqing; Yang Ning; Chu Weidong; Zhang Wei [Institute of Applied Physics and Computational Mathematics, P.O. Box 8009, Beijing 100088 (China)

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

489

Strength of the Trilinear Higgs Boson Coupling in Technicolor Models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss the strength of the trilinear Higgs boson coupling in technicolor (or composite) models in a model independent way. The coupling is determined as a function of a very general ansatz for the technicolor self-energy, and turns out to be equal or smaller than the one of the standard model Higgs boson depending on the dynamics of the theory. With this trilinear coupling we estimate the cross section for Higgs boson pair production at the LHC. This measurement is quite improbable in the case of a heavy standard model Higgs boson, but it will be even worse when this boson is dynamically generated. Typeset using REVTEX 1 I.

A. Doff; A. A. Natale

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Measuring extended Higgs sectors as a consistent free couplings model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Extended Higgs sectors appear in many models for physics beyond the Standard Model. Current Higgs measurements at the LHC are starting to significantly constrain them. We study their Higgs coupling patterns at tree level as well as including quantum corrections. Our benchmarks include a dark singlet-doublet extension and several two-doublet setups. Using SFitter we translate the current Higgs coupling measurements for one light Higgs state into their respective parameter spaces. Finally, we show how two-Higgs-doublet models can serve as a consistent ultraviolet completion of an assumed single Standard-Model-like Higgs boson with free couplings.

David Lopez-Val; Tilman Plehn; Michael Rauch

2013-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

491

Nuclear Hybrid Energy System Modeling: RELAP5 Dynamic Coupling Capabilities  

SciTech Connect

The nuclear hybrid energy systems (NHES) research team is currently developing a dynamic simulation of an integrated hybrid energy system. A detailed simulation of proposed NHES architectures will allow initial computational demonstration of a tightly coupled NHES to identify key reactor subsystem requirements, identify candidate reactor technologies for a hybrid system, and identify key challenges to operation of the coupled system. This work will provide a baseline for later coupling of design-specific reactor models through industry collaboration. The modeling capability addressed in this report focuses on the reactor subsystem simulation.

Piyush Sabharwall; Nolan Anderson; Haihua Zhao; Shannon Bragg-Sitton; George Mesina

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Investigation of Small Wind-Turbine Induction Generators : Final Technical Report, September 16, 1980-December 31, 1982.  

SciTech Connect

A new and accurate experimental set-up was developed to test induction machines in the 1-5 kW range. Two single-phase induction generators were tested - the Enertech 1500 and Enertech 1800. A detailed mathematical model to evaluate the performance of single-phase induction generators was developed and documented in the form of a FORTRAN computer simulation program. Then the program was used to analyze the Enertech 1800 and the results were compared with the test results. (LEW)

Venkata, Subrahmanyam S.; Boardman, Ethan C.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Empirical Correction of a Coupled Land–Atmosphere Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper investigates empirical strategies for correcting the bias of a coupled land–atmosphere model and tests the hypothesis that a bias correction can improve the skill of such models. The correction strategies investigated include 1) ...

Timothy DelSole; Mei Zhao; Paul A. Dirmeyer; Ben P. Kirtman

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

An Evaluation of the Strength of Land–Atmosphere Coupling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two ensembles of 1-month integrations of a coupled land–atmosphere climate model that differ only in their treatment of land surface boundary conditions have been generated from initial conditions chosen from the July states taken from each year ...

Paul A. Dirmeyer

2001-08-01T23:59:59.000Z