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1

E-Print Network 3.0 - adaptive response induced Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Yin and Yang of Low-Dose Radiobiology Tom K. Hei1,2 Summary: and adaptive response. Radiation-induced bystander effect is defined as the induction of biological effects... the...

2

E-Print Network 3.0 - adaptive responses induced Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Yin and Yang of Low-Dose Radiobiology Tom K. Hei1,2 Summary: and adaptive response. Radiation-induced bystander effect is defined as the induction of biological effects... the...

3

Adaptive Response Against Spontaneous Neoplastic Transformation In Vitro Induced by Ionizing Radiation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The goal of this project was to establish a dose response curve for radiation-induced neoplastic transformation of HeLa x skin fibroblast human hybrid cells in vitro under experimental conditions were an adaptive response, if it were induced, would have an opportunity to be expressed. During the first two years of the grant an exhaustive series of experiments were performed and the resulting data were reported at the 2000 Annual Meeting of the Radiation Research Society and then Subsequently published. The data showed that an adaptive response against spontaneous neoplastic transformation was seen up to doses of 10cGy of Cs-137 gamma rays. At dose of 30, 50 and 100 cGy the transformation frequencies were above background. This indicated that for this system, under the specific experimental conditions used, there was a threshold of somewhere between 10 and 30 cGy. The results also indicated some unexpected, though very interesting, correlations with relative risk estimates made from human epidemiologic studies.

J. Leslie Redpath, Ph.D.

2003-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

4

Radiation-induced bystander effect and adaptive response in mammalian cells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

responses at low doses of radiation and have the potential to impact the shape of the dose the actual target and radiation dose effect and can contribute to our current understanding in radiation risk provide the best estimate of cancer risk over the dose range from 20 to 250 cGy. The cancer risk at doses

5

NFkB in the Thiol-Induced Adaptive Response (A)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

A) A) David Grdina The University of Chicago Abstract Exposure of cells to low non-lethal doses of ionizing radiation (≤ 10 cGy) or WR1065, the active free thiol form of amifostine, can induce pro-survival pathways that result in protection against the damaging effects of a 2 Gy dose of ionizing radiation. One such signaling pathway involves the activation of NFκB and the subsequent elevation of active manganese superoxide dismutase (SOD2). SOD2 is a mitochondrial matrix protein that serves as the primary mitochondrial defense against superoxide formation. Its primary function is to facilitate the dismutation of two molecules of superoxide anion (O2-) produced by normal respiratory processes or following exposure to ionizing radiation into water and hydrogen peroxide. To characterize the role of SOD2 in the radiation- and

6

A Critical Examination of the Adaptive Response for Cytogenetic Damagein Human Cells, and Insights into the Adaptive Response Mechanism  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Critical Examination of the Adaptive Response for Cytogenetic Damage Critical Examination of the Adaptive Response for Cytogenetic Damage in Human Cells, and Insights into the Adaptive Response Mechanism Björn E. Rydberg, Torsten Groesser, Antoine Snijders, Kelly Trego, Ju Han, Do Yup Lee, Bahram Parvin, Trent Northen, Andrew J. Wyrobek, and Priscilla K. Cooper Berkeley Lab SFA P.I.: Gary Karpen Life Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720 Goal: Task 1 of the Berkeley Lab SFA is designed to identify adaptive response (AR) mechanisms that may affect risk of developing radiation-induced cancer and to assess the linearity with dose of processes that influence mammary gland carcinogenesis. We use both in vitro and in vivo experimental systems in a parallelogram strategy. Our human cell culture

7

Biological Basis for Radiation Adaptive Responses that Protect Against  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Basis for Radiation Adaptive Responses that Protect Against Basis for Radiation Adaptive Responses that Protect Against Bronchial Epithelial Cell Transformation Wenshu Chen Lovelace Respiratory Research Institute Abstract The major hypothesis in this project is that low-dose, low linear-energy-transfer (LET) radiation stimulates an adaptive response that protects cells from neoplastic transformation involving modulation of paracrine factors (e.g., cytokines), cell survival/death signaling pathways, and reprogramming of the epigenome. To test this hypothesis, a validated, sensitive in vitro transformation model and a media transfer method were used to study the mechanisms of low-LET gamma radiation activated natural protection (ANP) against chemical carcinogen-induced bronchial cell transformation. Immortalized human bronchial epithelial cell

8

Study Shows Roles of Receptor, Thiol on Adaptive Response  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Study Shows Roles of Receptor, Thiol on Adaptive Response Study Shows Roles of Receptor, Thiol on Adaptive Response Jeffrey Murley Jeffrey Murley, Ph.D. David Grdina, Ph.D. Low Dose program-supported scientists at The University of Chicago have gained more insight into adaptive protective responses indicating the role of oxidative stress, the role of reactive oxygen species (ROS), and the induction of SOD2 (manganese Superoxide Dismutase) activity. These changes are central to the production of adaptive protective responses. Why Study Adaptive Response? Exposing cells to low doses of ionizing radiation has been reported to elevate resistance to genomic damage when the same cells are subsequently exposed to a much higher dose of radiation. This phenomenon, called adaptive response, is characterized by an increase

9

A Critical Examination of the Adaptive Response for Cytogenetic Damage in  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Critical Examination of the Adaptive Response for Cytogenetic Damage in Critical Examination of the Adaptive Response for Cytogenetic Damage in Human Cells, and Insights into the Adaptive Response Mechanism Björn E. Rydberg Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Abstract Goal: Task 1 of the Berkeley Lab SFA is designed to identify adaptive response (AR) mechanisms that may affect risk of developing radiation-induced cancer and to assess the linearity with dose of processes that influence mammary gland carcinogenesis. We use both in vitro and in vivo experimental systems in a parallelogram strategy. Our human cell culture model will elucidate the molecular mechanisms of the AR and investigate the relationships in target vs. non-target cells between a range of cancer-relevant endpoints potentially affected by adaptation such

10

{sub p}53-Dependent Adaptive Responses in Human Cells Exposed to Space Radiations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: It has been reported that priming irradiation or conditioning irradiation with a low dose of X-rays in the range of 0.02-0.1 Gy induces a p53-dependent adaptive response in mammalian cells. The aim of the present study was to clarify the effect of space radiations on the adaptive response. Methods and Materials: Two human lymphoblastoid cell lines were used; one cell line bears a wild-type p53 (wtp53) gene, and another cell line bears a mutated p53 (mp53) gene. The cells were frozen during transportation on the space shuttle and while in orbit in the International Space Station freezer for 133 days between November 15, 2008 and March 29, 2009. After the frozen samples were returned to Earth, the cells were cultured for 6 h and then exposed to a challenging X-ray-irradiation (2 Gy). Cellular sensitivity, apoptosis, and chromosome aberrations were scored using dye-exclusion assays, Hoechst33342 staining assays, and chromosomal banding techniques, respectively. Results: In cells exposed to space radiations, adaptive responses such as the induction of radioresistance and the depression of radiation-induced apoptosis and chromosome aberrations were observed in wtp53 cells but not in mp53 cells. Conclusion: These results have confirmed the hypothesis that p53-dependent adaptive responses are apparently induced by space radiations within a specific range of low doses. The cells exhibited this effect owing to space radiations exposure, even though the doses in space were very low.

Takahashi, Akihisa [Department of Biology, School of Medicine, Nara Medical University, Nara (Japan); Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, Ibaraki (Japan); Su Xiaoming [Department of Biology, School of Medicine, Nara Medical University, Nara (Japan); Suzuki, Hiromi [Japan Space Forum, Tokyo (Japan); Space Environmental Medicine, Kagoshima University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Kagoshima (Japan); Omori, Katsunori [Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, Ibaraki (Japan); Seki, Masaya; Hashizume, Toko [Space Environmental Medicine, Kagoshima University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Kagoshima (Japan); Advanced Engineering Services Company, Limited, Ibaraki (Japan); Shimazu, Toru [Japan Space Forum, Tokyo (Japan); Ishioka, Noriaki [Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, Ibaraki (Japan); Space Environmental Medicine, Kagoshima University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Kagoshima (Japan); Iwasaki, Toshiyasu [Radiation Safety Research Center, Nuclear Technology Research Laboratory, Central Research Institute of the Electric Power Industry of Japan, Tokyo (Japan); Ohnishi, Takeo, E-mail: tohnishi@naramed-u.ac.j [Department of Radiation Oncology, School of Medicine, Nara Medical University, Nara (Japan); Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, Ibaraki (Japan)

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

11

Molecular Mechanism Underlying Cellular Adaptive Response to Low Dose Radiation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Mechanism Underlying Cellular Adaptive Response to Low Dose Radiation Mechanism Underlying Cellular Adaptive Response to Low Dose Radiation Colette A. Sacksteder § , DJ Black ‡ , Heather Smallwood § , David G. Camp II † , and Thomas C. Squier § § Cell Biology and Biochemistry; † Biological Sciences Division Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland WA 99352 ‡ School of Biological Sciences, University of Missouri, Kansas City MO 64110 The goal of this research is to identify the molecular mechanisms by which cells adapt to low dose radiation exposure. Previously we have shown a radiation dependent increase of Calmodulin (CaM) in RAW 264.7 macrophages (RAW). Therefore we hypothesize that CaM and associated signaling complexes are sensors of low-dose radiation, resulting in alterations in energy metabolism and gene expression. The ultimate experimental goal

12

Low Dose Radiation Research Program: Adaptive Response of Mouse Skin  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Adaptive Response of Mouse Skin Epithelial Cells to Low Dose Adaptive Response of Mouse Skin Epithelial Cells to Low Dose Ionizing Radiation: Induction of NF-κB, MnSOD, 14-3-3ζ and Cyclin B1 Authors: Jian Jian Li, Kazi M. Ahmed, Ming Fan, Shaozhong Dong, Douglas R. Spitz, and Cheng-Rong Yu Institutions: Division of Molecular Radiobiology, Purdue University School of Health Sciences, West Lafayette, Indiana; Free Radical and Radiation Biology Program, Department of Radiation Oncology, Holden Comprehensive Cancer Center, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa; Molecular Immunology Section, Laboratory of Immunology, National Eye Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland Gene expression profiles demonstrate that a group of key stress-responsive genes are associated with radiation exposure and may contribute to cellular

13

E-Print Network 3.0 - adaptive response ar Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of adaptation could approximate the ARs of P-cells on a single-trial basis in response to a richer stimulus... and color-sensitive pathway) showed response adaptation with...

14

Fire-Induced Response in Foam Encapsulants  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The paper provides a concise overview of a coordinated experimental/theoretical/numerical program at Sandia National Laboratories to develop an experimentally validated model of fire-induced response of foam-filled engineered systems for nuclear and transportation safety applications. Integral experiments are performed to investigate the thermal response of polyurethane foam-filled systems exposed to fire-like heat fluxes. A suite of laboratory experiments is performed to characterize the decomposition chemistry of polyurethane. Mass loss and energy associated with foam decomposition and chemical structures of the virgin and decomposed foam are determined. Decomposition chemistry is modeled as the degradation of macromolecular structures by bond breaking followed by vaporization of small fragments of the macromolecule with high vapor pressures. The chemical decomposition model is validated against the laboratory data. Data from integral experiments is used to assess and validate a FEM foam thermal response model with the chemistry model developed from the decomposition experiments. Good agreement was achieved both in the progression of the decomposition front and the in-depth thermal response.

Borek, T.T.; Chu, T.Y.; Erickson, K.L.; Gill, W.; Hobbs, M.L.; Humphries, L.L.; Renlund, A.M.; Ulibarri, T.A.

1999-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

15

Low Dose Responses in Human Cells and Molecular Mechanisms of Adaptation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Responses in Human Cells and Molecular Mechanisms of Adaptation Responses in Human Cells and Molecular Mechanisms of Adaptation Joe Gray Priscilla Cooper Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Abstract The radiation Adaptive Response (adaptation, or AR) is a well documented, although evidently highly variable, protective phenomenon in which exposures to low-dose or low-dose-rate ionizing radiation result in reduced deleterious effects of subsequent higher exposures. Protection has been reported against a variety of biologically important endpoints, but its variability as a function of cell and tissue type and its genetic control are not well understood. The adaptive response is predicted to result in a non-linear dose response for cancer risk in the low dose range. However, the molecular mechanism(s) remain unknown, and such information is

16

E-Print Network 3.0 - adaptive survival responses Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Computer Technologies and Information Sciences 8 Bystander effect and adaptive response in C3H 10TK cells S. A. MITCHELL, S. A. MARINO, D. J. BRENNER and E. J. HALL Summary:...

17

Between adaptation and resistance : labor responses to globalization in France  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This dissertation aims at accounting for labor responses to globalization in France. It addresses this issue through a comparative study of two labor organizations-the French Democratic Labor Confederation (CFDT) and the ...

Ancelovici, Marcos, 1971-

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Biological Basis for Radiation Adaptive Responses that Protect Against Bronchial Epithelial Cell Transformation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Basis for Radiation Adaptive Responses that Protect Against Bronchial Basis for Radiation Adaptive Responses that Protect Against Bronchial Epithelial Cell Transformation Wenshu Chen, Xiuling Xu, Lang Bai, Mabel T. Padilla, Carmen Tellez, Katherine M. Gott, Shuguang Leng, Julie A. Wilder, Steven A. Belinsky, Bobby R. Scott and Yong Lin, Lovelace Respiratory Research Institute, 2425 Ridgecrest Drive SE, Albuquerque, NM 87108 The major hypothesis in this project is that low-dose, low linear-energy-transfer (LET) radiation stimulates an adaptive response that protects cells from neoplastic transformation involving modulation of paracrine factors (e.g., cytokines), cell survival/death signaling pathways, and reprogramming of the epigenome. To test this hypothesis, a validated, sensitive in vitro transformation model and a media transfer

19

Multi-Dimensional Adaptive Simulation of Shock-Induced Detonation in a Shock Tube  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Multi-Dimensional Adaptive Simulation of Shock-Induced Detonation in a Shock Tube P. Ravindran clear of unphysical values due to linearization. One-, two- and three-dimensional detonation simu results, providing new insights in detonation wave propagation. Nomenclature Ar j , Af j Pre

Texas at Arlington, University of

20

Covariance of phenotypically plastic traits induces an adaptive shift in host selection behaviour  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Covariance of phenotypically plastic traits induces an adaptive shift in host selection behaviour efficiency. In the present study, we investigated covariance of two plastic traits--size at pupation and host; evolution 1. INTRODUCTION Phenotypic plasticity is defined as the ability of an organism to change its

Dukas, Reuven

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "induced adaptive response" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Adaptive microbial population shifts in response to a continuous ethanol blend release increases biodegradation potential  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Adaptive microbial population shifts in response to a continuous ethanol blend release increases 2013 Accepted 28 March 2013 Keywords: Pyrosequencing Ethanol Microbial diversity Temperature a b s t r a pilot- scale continuous release (10 months) of a 10% v:v ethanol solution mixed with benzene and toluene

Alvarez, Pedro J.

22

Bystander effect and adaptive response in C3H 10TK cells S. A. MITCHELL, S. A. MARINO, D. J. BRENNER and E. J. HALL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the bystander effect, adaptive response, genomic instabil- ity and low-dose hyper-radiosensitivity. These pheno

23

Influence of Insulin Resistance on Contractile Activity-Induced Anabolic Response of Skeletal Muscle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Although the long-term therapeutic benefits of exercise are indisputable, contractile activity may induce divergent adaptations in insulin-resistant vs. insulin-sensitive skeletal muscle. The purpose of this study was to elucidate if the anabolic...

Nilsson, Mats I.

2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

24

Adapting to an invasive species: Toxic cane toads induce morphological change in Australian snakes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of adaptive evolution in populations as a consequence of overfishing (10), global warming (11), and heavy-metal pollution (12). These studies highlight the importance of examining the potential for adaptive change

Shine, Rick

25

Physiological response specificity to induced stress as predicted by perceptual and expectancy style  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PHYSIOLOGICAL RESPONSE SPECIFICITY TO INDUCED STRESS AS PREDICTED BY PERCEPTUAL AND EXPECTANCY STYLE A Thesis by RODNEY DON WILLIAMS Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas AAM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1978 Major Subject: Psychology PHYSIOLOGICAL RESPONSE SPECIFICITY TO INDUCED STRESS AS PREDICTED BY PERCEPTUAL AND EXPECTANCY STYLE A Thesis by RODNEY DON WILLIAMS Approved as to style and content by: (Chairman...

Williams, Rodney Don

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

26

Magnetic response enhancement via electrically induced magnetic moments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The realization of negative refraction in atomic gases requires a strong magnetic response of the atoms. Current proposals for such systems achieve an enhancement of the magnetic response by a suitable laser field configuration, but still rely on high gas densities. Thus further progress is desirable, and this requires an understanding of the precise mechanism for the enhancement. Therefore, here we study the magnetic and electric response to a probe field interacting with three-level atoms in ladder configuration. In our first model, the three transitions are driven by a control field and the electric and magnetic component of the probe field, giving rise to a closed interaction loop. In a reference model, the coherent driving is replaced by an incoherent pump field. A time-dependent analysis of the closed-loop system enables us to identify the different contributions to the medium response. A comparison with the reference system then allows one to identify the physical mechanism that leads to the enhancement. It is found that the enhancement occurs at so-called multiphoton resonance by a scattering of the coupling field and the electric probe field mode into the magnetic probe field mode. Based on these results, conditions for the enhancement are discussed.

B. Jungnitsch; J. Evers

2008-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

27

Ethylene is not involved in adaptive responses to flooding in the Amazonian wild rice species Oryza grandiglumis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The Amazonian wild rice Oryza grandiglumis has two contrasting adaptation mechanisms to flooding submergence: a quiescence response to complete submergence at the seedling stage and an escape response based on internodal elongation to partial submergence at the mature stage. We investigated possible factors that trigger these responses. In stem segments excised from mature O. grandiglumis plants, complete submergence only slightly promoted internodal elongation with increased ethylene levels in the internodes, while partial submergence substantially promoted internodal elongation without increased ethylene levels in the internodes. Incubation of non-submerged stem segments under a continuous flow of humidified ethylene-free air promoted internodal elongation to the same extent as that observed for partially submerged segments. Applied ethylene had little effect on the internodal elongation of non-submerged segments irrespective of humidity conditions. These results indicate that the enhanced internodal elongation of submerged O. grandiglumis plants is not triggered by ethylene accumulated during submergence but by the moist surroundings provided by submergence. The growth of shoots in O. grandiglumis seedlings was not promoted by ethylene or complete submergence, as is the case in O. sativa cultivars possessing the submergence-tolerant gene SUB1A. However, because the genome of O. grandiglumis lacks the SUB1A gene, the quiescence response of O. grandiglumis seedlings to complete submergence may be regulated by a mechanism distinct from that involved in the response of submergence-tolerant O. sativa cultivars.

Takuma Okishio; Daisuke Sasayama; Tatsuya Hirano; Masahiro Akimoto; Kazuyuki Itoh; Tetsushi Azuma

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Adaptive Responses to Low Dose/Low Dose-Rate γ-Rays in Normal Human Fibroblasts:  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Responses to Low Dose/Low Dose-Rate γ-Rays in Normal Human Fibroblasts: Responses to Low Dose/Low Dose-Rate γ-Rays in Normal Human Fibroblasts: The Role of Oxidative Metabolism Edouard I. Azzam 1 , Sonia M. de Toledo 1 , Badri N. Pandey 1 , Perumal Venkatachalam 1 , Manuela Buoannano 1 , Zhi Yang 1 , Ling Li 3 , Donna M. Gordon 2 , Roger W. Howell 1 , Debkumar Pain 2 and Douglas R. Spitz 3 1 Department of Radiology, 2 Department of Pharmacology and Physiology, UMDNJ-New Jersey Medical School, Newark, NJ 3 Free Radical and Radiation Biology Program, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA To investigate low dose/low dose-rate effects of low linear energy transfer ionizing radiation, we used γ-irradiated cells adapted to grow in three-dimensional architecture that mimics cell growth in vivo. We determined cellular, molecular and biochemical changes in these

29

E-Print Network 3.0 - adaptive metabolic response Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

bass (Micropterus salmoides) Summary: factor, there are a range of responses depending on test conditions and baseline metabolic rate... for greater differences in metabolic rate...

30

E-Print Network 3.0 - adaptive melanin response Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Biology and Medicine 3 Cutaneous melanin exhibiting fluorescence emission under near-infrared light excitation Summary: of the major fluorophores responsible for...

31

The role of antioxidant enzymes in adaptive responses to environmental toxicants in vascular disease  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Human exposure to environmental toxicants is known to contribute to the development of vascular disease. Inhalation of environmental toxicants induces inflammation and oxidative stress in the vascular system a...

Seung Eun Lee; Yong Seek Park

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Sirt2 suppresses inflammatory responses in collagen-induced arthritis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Highlights: Sirt2 expression decreases in collagen-induced arthritis (CIA). Sirt2 knockout aggravates severity of arthritis in mice with CIA. Sirt2 knockout increases levels of pro-inflammatory factors in the serum. Sirt2 deacetylates p65 and inhibits pro-inflammatory factors expression. Sirt2 rescue abates severity of arthritis in mice with CIA. -- Abstract: Arthritis is a common autoimmune disease that is associated with progressive disability, systemic complications and early death. However, the underling mechanisms of arthritis are still unclear. Sirtuins are a NAD{sup +}-dependent class III deacetylase family, and regulate cellular stress, inflammation, genomic stability, carcinogenesis, and energy metabolism. Among the sirtuin family members, Sirt1 and Sirt6 are critically involved in the development of arthritis. It remains unknown whether other sirtuin family members participate in arthritis. Here in this study, we demonstrate that Sirt2 inhibits collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) using in vivo and in vitro evidence. The protein and mRNA levels of Sirt2 significantly decreased in joint tissues of mice with CIA. When immunized with collagen, Sirt2-KO mice showed aggravated severity of arthritis based on clinical scores, hind paw thickness, and radiological and molecular findings. Mechanically, Sirt2 deacetylated p65 subunit of nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-?B) at lysine 310, resulting in reduced expression of NF-?B-dependent genes, including interleukin 1? (IL-1?), IL-6, monocyte chemoattractant protein 1(MCP-1), RANTES, matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9) and MMP-13. Importantly, our rescue experiment showed that Sirt2 re-expression abated the severity of arthritis in Sirt2-KO mice. Those findings strongly indicate Sirt2 as a considerably inhibitor of the development of arthritis.

Lin, Jiangtao [Department of Orthopaedics, Qilu Hospital, Shandong University, 44 Wenhua Xi Road, Jinan, Shandong 250012 (China) [Department of Orthopaedics, Qilu Hospital, Shandong University, 44 Wenhua Xi Road, Jinan, Shandong 250012 (China); Department of Orthopaedics, Yantaishan Hospital, 91 Jiefang Road, Yantai, Shandong 264001 (China); Sun, Bing; Jiang, Chuanqiang; Hong, Huanyu [Department of Orthopaedics, Yantaishan Hospital, 91 Jiefang Road, Yantai, Shandong 264001 (China)] [Department of Orthopaedics, Yantaishan Hospital, 91 Jiefang Road, Yantai, Shandong 264001 (China); Zheng, Yanping, E-mail: yanpingzheng@yahoo.com [Department of Orthopaedics, Qilu Hospital, Shandong University, 44 Wenhua Xi Road, Jinan, Shandong 250012 (China)] [Department of Orthopaedics, Qilu Hospital, Shandong University, 44 Wenhua Xi Road, Jinan, Shandong 250012 (China)

2013-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

33

UV light-induced survival response in a highly radiation-resistant isolate of the Moraxella-Acinetobacter group.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...dose. This response was inhibited...ofchloramphenicol. Frequencies of mutation...the inducible response ofisolate 4...affect the frequency of mutation...extended cold storage. Iftrue...International Atomic Energy Agency, Vien...LIGHT-INDUCED SURVIVAL RESPONSE IN BACTERIA...and length of storage on the microbi...

L C Keller; T L Thompson; R B Maxcy

1982-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Dimension-sensitive optical responses of electromagnetically induced transparency vapor in a waveguide  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A three-level EIT (electromagnetically induced transparency) vapor is used to manipulate the transparency and absorption properties of the probe light in a waveguide. The most remarkable feature of the present scheme is such that the optical responses resulting from both electromagnetically induced transparency and large spontaneous emission enhancement are very sensitive to the frequency detunings of the probe light as well as to the small changes of the waveguide dimension. The potential applications of the dimension- and dispersion-sensitive EIT responses are discussed, and the sensitivity limits of some waveguide-based sensors, including electric absorption modulator, optical switch, wavelength sensor, and sensitive magnetometer, are analyzed.

Jian Qi Shen and Sailing He

2006-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

35

Adaptive governance and institutional strategies for climate-induced community relocations in Alaska  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...funds from a climate-change lawsuit against...and gas companies have been unsuccessful...community leaders, and government...of these climate changes (42, 43...Conclusion Climate-induced biophysical change threatens...insurance companies may not be...

Robin Bronen; F. Stuart Chapin III

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Low Dose Radiation Induced DNA Damage Signaling and Repair Responses in  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Induced DNA Damage Signaling and Repair Responses in Induced DNA Damage Signaling and Repair Responses in Human 3-Dimensional Skin Model System Yanrong Su, Jarah Meador and Adayabalam S. Balajee Center for Radiological Research, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, 630 West, 168th Street, New York, NY 10032. Exposure to ionizing radiation (IR) inflicts a wide variety of lesions in the genomic DNA. Among them, DNA double strand break (DSB) is considered to be the critical lesion for most of the deleterious radiation effects including carcinogenesis. Much of our knowledge on induction and repair kinetics of DSB has come from studies in two dimensional cell culture systems. However, the damage signaling and repair responses to DSB in tissue microenvironment are largely unknown. Knowledge of tissue responses to

37

Characterization of Thermal Response Induced by Head/Disk Interaction in Current TGMR Head  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, resulting in variations in head flying characteristics. Therefore, head- disk interaction in real disk driveCharacterization of Thermal Response Induced by Head/Disk Interaction in Current TGMR Head Suwatana with a lower areal resistance (RA) value. However, as the areal density increases, the actual flying clearance

Kovintavewat, Piya

38

A parallel adaptive method for simulating shock-induced combustion with detailed  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in practically relevant cases since real detonations never remain planar. In- stead, detonations exhibit, parallelisation 1 Introduction A detonation wave is a self-sustained, violent form of shock-induced com- bustion that is characterised by a subtle interplay between the processes of hydrodynamic shock propagation and chemical

Deiterding, Ralf

39

Quantitative High Content Imaging of Cellular Adaptive Stress Response Pathways in Toxicity for Chemical Safety Assessment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Steven Wink , Steven Hiemstra , Suzanna Huppelschoten , Erik Danen , Marije Niemeijer , Giel Hendriks , Harry Vrieling , Bram Herpers , and Bob van de Water * ... (37-39) The true power of HCS using automated imagers lies in its ability to capture when and where specific molecular signaling events are taking place, enabling characterization of cellular responses to multiple changes in the environment with high time and spatial resolution, relatively high throughput (depending on the exact setup) and on a single cell basis, enabling the detection of heterogeneity within populations. ... (141) The members of this family are highly expressed in the liver and include PXR, RXR, CAR, AHR, and HXR. ...

Steven Wink; Steven Hiemstra; Suzanna Huppelschoten; Erik Danen; Marije Niemeijer; Giel Hendriks; Harry Vrieling; Bram Herpers; Bob van de Water

2014-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

40

Global protein phosphorylation dynamics during deoxynivalenol-induced ribotoxic stress response in the macrophage  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Deoxynivalenol (DON), a trichothecene mycotoxin produced by Fusarium that commonly contaminates food, is capable of activating mononuclear phagocytes of the innate immune system via a process termed the ribotoxic stress response (RSR). To encapture global signaling events mediating RSR, we quantified the early temporal (? 30 min) phosphoproteome changes that occurred in RAW 264.7 murine macrophage during exposure to a toxicologically relevant concentration of DON (250 ng/mL). Large-scale phosphoproteomic analysis employing stable isotope labeling of amino acids in cell culture (SILAC) in conjunction with titanium dioxide chromatography revealed that DON significantly upregulated or downregulated phosphorylation of 188 proteins at both known and yet-to-be functionally characterized phosphosites. DON-induced RSR is extremely complex and goes far beyond its prior known capacity to inhibit translation and activate MAPKs. Transcriptional regulation was the main target during early DON-induced RSR, covering over 20% of the altered phosphoproteins as indicated by Gene Ontology annotation and including transcription factors/cofactors and epigenetic modulators. Other biological processes impacted included cell cycle, RNA processing, translation, ribosome biogenesis, monocyte differentiation and cytoskeleton organization. Some of these processes could be mediated by signaling networks involving MAPK-, NF?B-, AKT- and AMPK-linked pathways. Fuzzy c-means clustering revealed that DON-regulated phosphosites could be discretely classified with regard to the kinetics of phosphorylation/dephosphorylation. The cellular response networks identified provide a template for further exploration of the mechanisms of trichothecenemycotoxins and other ribotoxins, and ultimately, could contribute to improved mechanism-based human health risk assessment. - Highlights: ? Mycotoxin deoxynivalenol (DON) induces immunotoxicity via ribotoxic stress response. ? SILAC phosphoproteomics using TiO{sub 2} was applied to DON-treated RAW 264.7 cells. ? DON induces extensive protein phosphorylation changes involving 188 phosphoproteins. ? The main target of early DON-induced RSR is transcriptional regulation. ? Early DON-induced RSR is mediated by MAPK-, NF?B-, AKT- and AMPK-linked pathways.

Pan, Xiao [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 (United States); Center for Integrative Toxicology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 (United States); Whitten, Douglas A. [Research Technology Support Facility, Proteomics Core, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 (United States); Wu, Ming [Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 (United States); Chan, Christina [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 (United States); Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 (United States); Wilkerson, Curtis G. [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 (United States); Research Technology Support Facility, Proteomics Core, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 (United States); Pestka, James J., E-mail: pestka@msu.edu [Center for Integrative Toxicology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 (United States); Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 (United States); Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 (United States)

2013-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "induced adaptive response" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Time course of systemic oxidative stress and inflammatory response induced by an acute exposure to Residual Oil Fly Ash  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It is suggested that systemic oxidative stress and inflammation play a central role in the onset and progression of cardiovascular diseases associated with the exposure to particulate matter (PM). The aim of this work was to evaluate the time changes of systemic markers of oxidative stress and inflammation, after an acute exposure to Residual Oil Fly Ash (ROFA). Female Swiss mice were intranasally instilled with a ROFA suspension (1.0 mg/kg body weight) or saline solution, and plasma levels of oxidative damage markers [thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARSs) and protein carbonyls], antioxidant status [reduced (GSH) and oxidized (GSSG) glutathione, ascorbic acid levels, and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity], cytokines levels, and intravascular leukocyte activation were evaluated after 1, 3 or 5 h of exposure. Oxidative damage to lipids and decreased GSH/GSSG ratio were observed in ROFA-exposed mice as early as 1 h. Afterwards, increased protein oxidation, decreased ascorbic acid content and SOD activity were found in this group at 3 h. The onset of an adaptive response was observed at 5 h after the ROFA exposure, as indicated by decreased TBARS plasma content and increased SOD activity. The observed increase in oxidative damage to plasma macromolecules, together with systemic antioxidants depletion, may be a consequence of a systemic inflammatory response triggered by the ROFA exposure, since increased TNF-? and IL-6 plasma levels and polymorphonuclear leukocytes activation was found at every evaluated time point. These findings contribute to the understanding of the increase in cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, in association with environmental PM inhalation. - Highlights: An acute exposure to ROFA triggers the occurrence of systemic oxidative stress. Changes in plasmatic oxidative stress markers appear as early as 1 h after exposure. ROFA induces proinflammatory cytokines release and intravascular leukocyte activation. PMN activation is a relevant source of reactive oxygen species in this model. These findings may account for previously described cardiopulmonary alterations.

Marchini, T.; Magnani, N.D. [Ctedra de Qumica General e Inorgnica, Instituto de Bioqumica y Medicina Molecular (IBIMOL UBA-CONICET), Facultad de Farmacia y Bioqumica, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Junn 954, C1113AAB Buenos Aires (Argentina); Paz, M.L. [Ctedra de Inmunologa, Instituto de Estudios de la Inmunidad Humoral (IDEHU UBA-CONICET), Facultad de Farmacia y Bioqumica, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Junn 954, C1113AAB Buenos Aires (Argentina); Vanasco, V. [Ctedra de Qumica General e Inorgnica, Instituto de Bioqumica y Medicina Molecular (IBIMOL UBA-CONICET), Facultad de Farmacia y Bioqumica, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Junn 954, C1113AAB Buenos Aires (Argentina); Tasat, D. [CESyMA, Facultad de Ciencia Tecnologa, Universidad Nacional de General San Martn, Martn de Irigoyen 3100, 1650 San Martn, Buenos Aires (Argentina); Gonzlez Maglio, D.H. [Ctedra de Inmunologa, Instituto de Estudios de la Inmunidad Humoral (IDEHU UBA-CONICET), Facultad de Farmacia y Bioqumica, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Junn 954, C1113AAB Buenos Aires (Argentina); and others

2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

42

Differential Role of Transcription-Coupled Repair in UVBInduced Response of Human Fibroblasts and Keratinocytes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Cancer Institute, Rome, Italy Most solar radiation-induced skin cancers...cellular components by the higher-energy shorter solar wavelengths comprising the UVB spectra...learn more about the response to solar radiation of the target cells for...

Mariarosaria D'Errico; Massimo Teson; Angelo Calcagnile; Tiziana Nardo; Naomi De Luca; Chiara Lazzari; Silvia Soddu; Giovanna Zambruno; Miria Stefanini; and Eugenia Dogliotti

2005-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

43

Differential in vitro cellular response induced by exposure to synthetic vitreous fibers (SVFs) and asbestos crocidolite fibers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Differential in vitro cellular response induced by exposure to synthetic vitreous fibers (SVFs the effects of synthetic vitreous fibers (SVFs) on a mesothelial (MeT5A) and a fibroblast cell line (NIH3T3 crocidolite asbestos fibers, SVFs did not induce a significant increase in DNA synthesis. © 2005 Elsevier Inc

Ahmad, Sajjad

44

HIV-1 Tat modulates T-bet expression and induces Th1 type of immune response  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The HIV-1 transactivator Tat performs various viral and cellular functions. Primarily, it induces processive transcription from the HIV-1 LTR promoter. However, Tat secreted from infected cells is known to activate uninfected lymphocytes through receptors. To further delineate the specific target genes, extracellular Tat was expressed on the cell membrane of stimulator cells and co-cultured with human PBMCs. Along with induced CD4{sup +} T cell proliferation and IFN-{gamma} secretion, there was strong upregulation of T-bet expression which is majorly implicated in generating T{sub H}1 type of immune response. To further delineate the effect of extracellular Tat on HIV replication, both p24 analysis and in vivo GFP expression were performed. There was a significant inhibition of HIV-1 replication in human CEM-GFP cell line and hPBMCs. Thus, for the first time we report that apart from its transactivation activity, extracellular Tat acts as a costimulatory molecule that affects viral replication by modulating host immune response through induction of T-bet expression and IFN-{gamma} secretion.

Kulkarni, Asavari [National Center for Cell Science, Pune University Campus, Ganeshkhind, Pune 411 007 (India); Ravi, Dyavar S. [National Center for Cell Science, Pune University Campus, Ganeshkhind, Pune 411 007 (India); Singh, Kamini [National Center for Cell Science, Pune University Campus, Ganeshkhind, Pune 411 007 (India); Rampalli, Shravanti [National Center for Cell Science, Pune University Campus, Ganeshkhind, Pune 411 007 (India); Parekh, Vrajesh [National Center for Cell Science, Pune University Campus, Ganeshkhind, Pune 411 007 (India); Mitra, Debashis [National Center for Cell Science, Pune University Campus, Ganeshkhind, Pune 411 007 (India); Chattopadhyay, Samit [National Center for Cell Science, Pune University Campus, Ganeshkhind, Pune 411 007 (India)]. E-mail: samit@nccs.res.in

2005-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

45

Adaptive sampler  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An adaptive data compression device for compressing data having variable frequency content, including a plurality of digital filters for analyzing the content of the data over a plurality of frequency regions, a memory, and a control logic circuit for generating a variable rate memory clock corresponding to the analyzed frequency content of the data in the frequency region and for clocking the data into the memory in response to the variable rate memory clock.

Watson, Bobby L. (Idaho Falls, ID); Aeby, Ian (Fremont, CA)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Adaptive sampler  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An adaptive data compression device for compressing data is described. The device has a frequency content, including a plurality of digital filters for analyzing the content of the data over a plurality of frequency regions, a memory, and a control logic circuit for generating a variable rate memory clock corresponding to the analyzed frequency content of the data in the frequency region and for clocking the data into the memory in response to the variable rate memory clock.

Watson, B.L.; Aeby, I.

1980-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

47

HMGB1 induces an inflammatory response in endothelial cells via the RAGE-dependent endoplasmic reticulum stress pathway  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Highlights: Mechanisms of inflammatory response induced by HMGB1 are incompletely understood. We found that endoplasmic reticulum stress mediate the inflammatory response induced by HMGB1. RAGE-mediated ERS pathways are involved in those processes. We reported a new mechanism for HMGB1 induced inflammatory response. -- Abstract: The high mobility group 1B protein (HMGB1) mediates chronic inflammatory responses in endothelial cells, which play a critical role in atherosclerosis. However, the underlying mechanism is unknown. The goal of our study was to identify the effects of HMGB1 on the RAGE-induced inflammatory response in endothelial cells and test the possible involvement of the endoplasmic reticulum stress pathway. Our results showed that incubation of endothelial cells with HMGB1 (0.011 ?g/ml) for 24 h induced a dose-dependent activation of endoplasmic reticulum stress transducers, as assessed by PERK and IRE1 protein expression. Moreover, HMGB1 also promoted nuclear translocation of ATF6. HMGB1-mediated ICAM-1 and P-selectin production was dramatically suppressed by PERK siRNA or IRE1 siRNA. However, non-targeting siRNA had no such effects. HMGB1-induced increases in ICAM-1 and P-selectin expression were also inhibited by a specific eIF2? inhibitor (salubrinal) and a specific JNK inhibitor (SP600125). Importantly, a blocking antibody specifically targeted against RAGE (anti-RAGE antibody) decreased ICAM-1, P-selectin and endoplasmic reticulum stress molecule (PERK, eIF2?, IRE1 and JNK) protein expression levels. Collectively, these novel findings suggest that HMGB1 promotes an inflammatory response by inducing the expression of ICAM-1 and P-selectin via RAGE-mediated stimulation of the endoplasmic reticulum stress pathway.

Luo, Ying [Department of Geriatric Medicine, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha 410078 (China)] [Department of Geriatric Medicine, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha 410078 (China); Li, Shu-Jun [Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha 410078 (China)] [Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha 410078 (China); Yang, Jian [Department of Geriatric Medicine, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha 410078 (China)] [Department of Geriatric Medicine, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha 410078 (China); Qiu, Yuan-Zhen [Department of Otolaryngology, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha 410078 (China)] [Department of Otolaryngology, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha 410078 (China); Chen, Fang-Ping, E-mail: xychenfp@163.com [Department of Hematology, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha 410078 (China)] [Department of Hematology, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha 410078 (China)

2013-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

48

Geomechanical response of permafrost-associated hydrate deposits to depressurization-induced gas production  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this simulation study, we analyzed the geomechanical response during depressurization production from two known hydrate-bearing permafrost deposits: the Mallik (Northwest Territories, Canada) deposit and Mount Elbert (Alaska, USA) deposit. Gas was produced from these deposits at constant pressure using horizontal wells placed at the top of a hydrate layer (HL), located at a depth of about 900 m at the Mallik and 600 m at the Mount Elbert. The simulation results show that general thermodynamic and geomechanical responses are similar for the two sites, but with substantially higher production and more intensive geomechanical responses at the deeper Mallik deposit. The depressurization-induced dissociation begins at the well bore and then spreads laterally, mainly along the top of the HL. The depressurization results in an increased shear stress within the body of the receding hydrate and causes a vertical compaction of the reservoir. However, its effects are partially mitigated by the relatively stiff permafrost overburden, and compaction of the HL is limited to less than 0.4%. The increased shear stress may lead to shear failure in the hydrate-free zone bounded by the HL overburden and the downward-receding upper dissociation interface. This zone undergoes complete hydrate dissociation, and the cohesive strength of the sediment is low. We determined that the likelihood of shear failure depends on the initial stress state as well as on the geomechanical properties of the reservoir. The Poisson's ratio of the hydrate-bearing formation is a particularly important parameter that determines whether the evolution of the reservoir stresses will increase or decrease the likelihood of shear failure.

Rutqvist, J.; Moridis, G.J.; Grover, T.; Collett, T.

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Modeling and analysis of the latent period of osteosarcomas induced by incorporated 239Pu: The role of immune responses  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper considers the utility of a stochastic model of carcinogenesis, proposed earlier by Yakovlev and Polig, in quantitative analysis of the incidence of radiation-induced osteosarcomas in beagels injected with various amounts of ^2^3^9Pu. The original ... Keywords: Bone tumors, Carcinogenesis models, Immune response, Internal irradiation, Survival analysis

A. D. Tsodikov; F. Bruenger; R. D. Lloyd; S. Miller; E. Polig; A. Yu. Yakovlev

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Climate response to tropical cyclone-induced ocean mixing in an1 Earth system model of intermediate complexity2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Climate response to tropical cyclone-induced ocean mixing in an1 Earth system model of intermediate system model of intermediate complexity. The parameterization is based on21 previously published global. Abstract19 We introduce a parameterization of ocean mixing by tropical cyclones (TCs) into20 an Earth

51

ON AN ADAPTIVE CONTROL ALGORITHM FOR ADAPTIVE OPTICS APPLICATIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ON AN ADAPTIVE CONTROL ALGORITHM FOR ADAPTIVE OPTICS APPLICATIONS MOODY T. CHU \\Lambda Abstract. The wavefront aberrations induced by atmospheric turbulence can severely degrade the performance of an optical imaging system. Adaptive optics refers to the process of removing unwanted wave front distortions

52

ON AN ADAPTIVE CONTROL ALGORITHM FOR ADAPTIVE OPTICS APPLICATIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ON AN ADAPTIVE CONTROL ALGORITHM FOR ADAPTIVE OPTICS APPLICATIONS MOODY T. CHU Abstract. The wavefront aberrations induced by atmospheric turbulence can severely degrade the performance of an optical imaging system. Adaptive optics refers to the process of removing unwanted wave front distortions

53

Priming of hypoxia-inducible factor by neuronal nitric oxide synthase is essential for adaptive responses to severe anemia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Blood samples were collected from a tail nick for Hb (CO-oximeter) and blood gases (radiometer...of TorontoDepartment of Anesthesia Merit Award, and International...Blood samples were collected from a tail nick. Hemoglobin concentration (Hb; CO-oximeter...

Albert K. Y. Tsui; Philip A. Marsden; C. David Mazer; S. Lee Adamson; R. Mark Henkelman; J. J. David Ho; David F. Wilson; Scott P. Heximer; Kim A. Connelly; Steffen-Sebastian Bolz; Darcy Lidington; Mostafa H. El-Beheiry; Neil D. Dattani; Kevin M. Chen; Gregory M. T. Hare

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Biochemical Responses of European Sea Bass (Dicentrarchus labrax L.) to the Stress Induced by Off Shore Experimental Seismic Prospecting  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The paper reports the results of an experimental seismic survey in the open sea by an air gun, carried out to evaluate the effects of air gun acoustic waves on marine animals. Air gun blast exposition was found to have a marked influence on confined Dicentrarchus labrax. Our data, in fact, demonstrated a biochemical response to acoustic stress induced by air gun blasts. Variations of cortisol, glucose, lactate, AMP, ADP, ATP and cAMP in different tissues of D. labrax, indicate that fish have a typical primary and secondary stress response after air gun detonations. Radiography indicates that air gun blasts do not induce any macroscopic effect on skeletal apparatus. The variations of biochemical parameters returned within physiological values within 72 h indicating a rapid recovery of homeostasis after acoustic stress and no mortality was observed.

A Santulli; A Modica; C Messina; L Ceffa; A Curatolo; G Rivas; G Fabi; V DAmelio

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Spectral induced polarization (SIP) response of biodegraded oil in porous media  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......investigating the SIP response of biodegraded oil...asphaltenes on the SIP response of biodegraded and...biodegraded oil to the SIP response of hydrocarbon contaminated...current in a broad frequency range typically...conduction currents (energy loss) that contain...polarization (energy storage) term which at......

Gamal Z. Abdel Aal; Estella A. Atekwana

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

On the characteristics of fault-induced rotor-dynamic bifurcations and nonlinear responses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Poincare map of the response in (a) .........41 3.4 (a) Time history of a nonlinear time-delay model. (b) Corresponding phase portrait and Poincare map of the response in (a) .........42 3.5 Phase portrait and Poincare map of a fractal... reaction forces, which in turn could result in strong nonlinear responses including period-doubling bifurcation, quasi-periodic bifurcation, and even chaotic response [4,5]. Nonlinear dynamical states of quasi-periodic, fractal, and chaotic motions...

Yang, Baozhong

2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

57

E-Print Network 3.0 - antigen-induced asthmatic response Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

for the antigen-induced release of mediators... in asthmatic subjects in the Sudan and Egypt By.P. S. CRANSTON Department rif Entomology, British Museum... with asthma and...

58

Role of estrogen receptor alpha (ER alpha) insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I-induced responses in MCF-7 breast cancer cells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) is a mitogenic polypeptide that induces proliferation and activation of kinase pathways in MCF-7 breast cancer cells. The role of estrogen receptor ? (ER?) in mediating responses induced by IGF-I was investigated...

Zhang, Shu

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

59

MOLECULAR MECHANISMS OF THE DNA DAMAGE RESPONSE INDUCED DURING PARVOVIRUS INFECTION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DNA damage response (DDR) is a critical safeguarding system to protect genomic stability and integrality through a cascade of phosphorylation events of three PI-3-kinase-like kinases: ATM (ataxia telangiectasia mutated), ATR (ATM and Rad3 related...

Luo, Yong

2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

60

Changes in Bowel Microbiota Induced by Feeding Weanlings Resistant Starch Stimulate Transcriptomic and Physiological Responses  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Zealand The ability to predictably engineer the composition of bowel microbial...described by Knoch et al. (17). RNA quality was assessed using RNA 6000 Nano...responses. | The ability to predictably engineer the composition of bowel microbial...

Wayne Young; Nicole C. Roy; Julian Lee; Blair Lawley; Don Otter; Gemma Henderson; Mark J. McCann; Gerald W. Tannock

2012-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "induced adaptive response" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

A novel, calcium-induced triphasic current response in silent, non-burstingAplysia neurons  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The inotophoretic injection of Ca2+ iions into voltage-clamped, silent neurons ofAplysia californica results in a prolonged, triphasic current response. This response consists of: (1) a tetraethylammonium-sensitive outward current during the injection; followed by (2) an inward current 1030s after the end of the injection; and finally (3) a long, slowly increasing outward current that lasts for several minutes before returning to baseline.

Leslie Sargent Jones; Gary J. Evans; Wilkie A. Wilson; Darrell V. Lewis

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Responses of wind erosion to climate-induced vegetation changes on the Colorado Plateau  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...climate-induced vegetation changes on the Colorado Plateau 10.1073/pnas...shrublands to wind erosion on the Colorado Plateau and demonstrate how...Bush (Euonymus alatus), Colorado Blue Spruce (Picea pungens glauca...sediment transport following wildfire in sagebrush steppe . J Arid Environ...

Seth M. Munson; Jayne Belnap; Gregory S. Okin

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Dynamic Response of a Rotor-air Bearing System Due to Base Induced Periodic Motions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.............................................................. 20 Typical base motion induced accelerations..................................... 20 Rotor speed coast down tests .......................................................... 22... ............................................................. 16 6 Photograph of connection of shaker to test rig base plate.......................... 17 7 Typical measured base acceleration in time domain. Shaker excitation frequency: 6 Hz. Rotor speed = 34 krpm (567 Hz...

Niu, Yaying

2010-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

64

Molecular pathogenesis of Salmonella enterica serotype Typhimurium-induced inflammatory responses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

secretion of IL-8 (103) mediated by cytosolic calcium and NF?B translocation (53), and a NF?B-independent apical secretion of a pathogen- elicited epithelial chemoattractant (PEEC), identified as the eicosanoid hepoxilin A 3 , which directs PMNs through... intestinal epithelial cells (54, 106, 116). The polarized secretion of PEEC was induced by SipA through an Arf6-mediated lipid signaling 14 pathway and consequent redistribution and phosphorylation of protein kinase-C (PKC)? (27, 97, 152). The PMN...

Figueiredo, Josely Ferreira

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

65

Celastrol ameliorates HIV-1 Tat-induced inflammatory responses via NF-kappaB and AP-1 inhibition and heme oxygenase-1 induction in astrocytes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract HIV-1 Tat causes extensive neuroinflammation that may progress to AIDS-related encephalitis and dementia. Celastrol possesses various biological activities such as anti-oxidant, anti-tumor, and anti-inflammatory activities. In this study, we investigated the modulatory effects of celastrol on HIV-1 Tat-induced inflammatory responses and the molecular mechanisms underlying its action in astrocytes. Pre-treatment of CRT-MG human astroglioma cells with celastrol significantly inhibited HIV-1 Tat-induced expression of ICAM-1/VCAM-1 and subsequent monocyte adhesiveness in CRT-MG cells. In addition, celastrol suppressed HIV-1 Tat-induced expression of pro-inflammatory chemokines, such as CXCL10, IL-8, and MCP-1. Celastrol decreased HIV-1 Tat-induced activation of JNK MAPK, AP-1, and NF-?B. Furthermore, celastrol induced mRNA and protein expression of HO-1 as well as Nrf2 activation. Blockage of HO-1 expression using siRNA reversed the inhibitory effect of celastrol on HIV-1 Tat-induced inflammatory responses. These results suggest that celastrol has regulatory effects on HIV-1 Tat-induced inflammatory responses by blocking the JNK MAPK-AP-1/NF-?B signaling pathways and inducing HO-1 expression in astrocytes.

Gi Soo Youn; Dong-Joo Kwon; Sung Mi Ju; Hyangshuk Rhim; Yong Soo Bae; Soo Young Choi; Jinseu Park

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

TELOMERASE ACTIVATOR1 Induces Telomerase Activity and Potentiates Responses to Auxin in Arabidopsis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...and a Leu-rich region near the C terminus identified as an ethylene response factor-associated amphiphilic transcriptional repression...Bennett, M.D., Rayburn, A.L., Galbraith, D.W., and Price, H.J. (1999). Reference standards for determination...

Shuxin Ren; J. Spencer Johnston; Dorothy E. Shippen; Thomas D. McKnight

2004-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

67

Toll like receptor-3 priming alters diesel exhaust particle-induced cytokine responses in human bronchial epithelial cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Inflammation is considered central in the pathology of health effects from airborne particulate matter (PM). Preexisting inflammatory disorders, such as asthma, but also pulmonary infections, appear to be a risk factor of adverse health effects from PM exposure. Thus, to assess whether and how preexisting inflammation may sensitize lung cells toward additional proinflammatory effects of PM, human bronchial epithelial cells (BEAS-2B) were primed with the highly proinflammatory Toll-like receptor 3 (TLR3) ligand, Poly I:C, prior to exposure with diesel exhaust particles (DEP). DEP-exposure alone induced increased gene-expression of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and CXCL8 (IL-8) but did not affect expression of CCL5 (RANTES), while TLR3-priming alone induced expression of IL-6, CXCL8 and CCL5. DEP-exposure exacerbated IL-6 and CXCL8 responses in TLR3-primed cells, while TLR3-induced CCL5 was suppressed by DEP. TLR3-priming and DEP-exposure resulted in possible additive effects on p38 phosphorylation and I?B-degradation, while DEP rather suppressed ERK and JNK-activation. However, TLR3-priming elicited a considerable increase in p65-phosphorylation at serine 536 which is known to enhance the transcriptional activity of NF-?B. DEP-exposure was unable to induce p65-phosphorylation. Thus TLR3-priming may affect susceptibility toward DEP by activating both shared and complementing pathways required for optimal expression of proinflammatory genes such as IL-6 and CXCL8. The study underscores that primed sick cells may be more susceptible toward effects of particle-exposure and respond both stronger and differently compared to unprimed healthy cells.

Nicolai S. Bach; Marit Lg; Johan vrevik

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

The Circadian Rhythm, A Continuous Transcription-Translation Feedback Loop, Contributes to Low-Dose Radiation-Induced Radioadaptive Response  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

The Circadian Rhythm, A Continuous Transcription-Translation Feedback Loop, Contributes to Low-Dose Radiation-Induced Radioadaptive Response Aris Alexandrou and Jian Jian Li Department of Radiation Oncology, the University of California Davis, Sacramento, California, 95817 The initiation of the circadian rhythm field occurred when the Takahashi group defined a mutation in the mouse gene "Clock" and cloned the circadian locomotor output cycles kaput (Clock) in the mid- 1990's (1-3). Currently more than a dozen clock genes have been identified (3-4). Disruptions in the circadian rhythm via changes in environmental conditions, such as, diet, temperature, and night/day hours lead to the pathogenesis of a multitude of diseases, such as, cancer, diabetes mellitus,

69

Ultrafast terahertz-induced response of GeSbTe phase-change materials Michael J. Shu,1,2,a)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ultrafast terahertz-induced response of GeSbTe phase-change materials Michael J. Shu,1,2,a) Peter-optically, pumping with single-cycle terahertz pulses as a means of biasing phase-change materials on a sub of these materials is important for predicting the field-driven heating and phase-change behavior. However

70

Adaptation Plan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Environment ? Natural Environment ? People FIVE STRATEGIES Copyright 2011, City of Chicago ADAPTATION ESL-KT-11-11-16 9 CCAP Adaptation Evolution 2007 2008 2009 2010 ? Understood the climate science: Assess climate impacts ? Assessed economic... E xi st in g Tr un k Existing on Rogers Rogers Ave CIP Stormwater management: Chicago?s comprehensive sewer model Climate impacts Example actions to prepare the built environment Copyright 2011, City of Chicago ESL-KT-11-11-16 13 CCAP...

Durnbaugh, A.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Adaptive constructive processes 1 Running head: Adaptive constructive processes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to a current environmental demand when automatic, learned responses are not elicited. Bartlett argued further of Psychology Harvard University Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 phone: (617) 495-3856 fax: (617) 496-3122 e to be operating in any well-adapted organic response (1932, p. 201)". He further emphasized the importance of "the

Schacter, Daniel

72

Adaptive sequential controller  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An adaptive sequential controller (50/50') for controlling a circuit breaker (52) or other switching device to substantially eliminate transients on a distribution line caused by closing and opening the circuit breaker. The device adaptively compensates for changes in the response time of the circuit breaker due to aging and environmental effects. A potential transformer (70) provides a reference signal corresponding to the zero crossing of the voltage waveform, and a phase shift comparator circuit (96) compares the reference signal to the time at which any transient was produced when the circuit breaker closed, producing a signal indicative of the adaptive adjustment that should be made. Similarly, in controlling the opening of the circuit breaker, a current transformer (88) provides a reference signal that is compared against the time at which any transient is detected when the circuit breaker last opened. An adaptive adjustment circuit (102) produces a compensation time that is appropriately modified to account for changes in the circuit breaker response, including the effect of ambient conditions and aging. When next opened or closed, the circuit breaker is activated at an appropriately compensated time, so that it closes when the voltage crosses zero and opens when the current crosses zero, minimizing any transients on the distribution line. Phase angle can be used to control the opening of the circuit breaker relative to the reference signal provided by the potential transformer.

El-Sharkawi, Mohamed A. (Renton, WA); Xing, Jian (Seattle, WA); Butler, Nicholas G. (Newberg, OR); Rodriguez, Alonso (Pasadena, CA)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Molecular dynamics simulation of phosphorylation-induced conformational transitions in the mycobacterium tuberculosis response regulator PrrA  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Phosphorylation-activated modulation of response regulators (RR) is predominantly used by bacteria as a strategy in regulating their two-component signaling (TCS) systems, the underlying molecular mechanisms are however far from fully understood. In this work we have conducted a molecular dynamics (MD) simulation of the phosphorylation-induced conformational transitions of RRs with the Mycobacterium Tuberculosis PrrA as a particular example. Starting from the full-length inactive structure of PrrA we introduced a local disturbance by phosphorylating the conserved aspartic acid residue, Asp-58, in the regulatory domain. A Go-model-type algorithm packaged with AMBER force fields was then applied to simulate the dynamics upon phosphorylation. The MD simulation shows that the phosphorylation of Asp-58 facilitates PrrA, whose inactive state has a compact conformation with a closed interdomain interface, to open up with its interdomain separation being increased by an average of about 1.5 {angstrom} for a simulation of 20 ns. The trans-activation loop, which is completely buried within the interdomain interface in the inactive PrrA, is found to become more exposed with the phosphorylated structure as well. These results provide more structural details of how the phosphorylation of a local aspartate activates PrrA to undergo a global conformational rearrangement toward its extended active state. This work also indicates that MD simulations can serve as a fast tool to unravel the regulation mechanisms of all RRs, which is especially valuable when the structures of full-length active RRs are currently unavailable.

Chen, Guo [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Mcmahon, Benjamin H [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Tung, Chang - Shung [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Nitrogen Dioxide-Induced Responses in Brassica campestris Seedlings: The Role of Hydrogen Peroxide in the Modulation of Antioxidative Level and Induced Resistance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This article investigates the responses of Brassica campestris seedlings to an acute level of nitrogen dioxide (NO2) exposure in a plant growth chamber, and examines whether pretreating plants with hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) will alleviate NO2-caused injury. Twenty-eight-day-old B. campestris plants sprayed with 10 mmol L?1 H2O2 aqueous solution (corresponding to approximate 1.0 mg H2O2 per single plant) were exposed to different concentrations of NO2 (0.25, 0.5, 1.0, and 2.0 ?L L?1, respectively) for 24 h under controlled environment. To measure the plant biomass, the plants were fumigated with the same NO2 concentrations as mentioned above for 7 h per day (8.00-15.00) for 7 days. As a control, charcoal filtered air alone was applied. Data were collected on plant biomass, total chlorophyll, photosynthetic rate, stomatal conductance, nitrate and nitrate reductase (NR), antioxidative enzymes, ascorbate (ASA), and malondialdehyde (MDA), immediately after exposure. The results showed that exposure to a moderate dose of NO2 (e.g., 0.25 ?L L?1) had a favorable effect on plants, and the dry weight of the above-ground part increased, whereas the exposure to high NO2 concentrations (e.g., 0.5 ?L L?1 or higher) caused a reduction in the plant biomass and the total chlorophyll, when compared with the control. In addition, at 0.5 ?L L?1 or higher NO2 concentrations, prominent increases in the MDA level and superoxide dismutase (SOD) and NR activities were observed. Exposure to 1 ?L L?1 and higher NO2 resulted in necroses appearing on older leaves, and an increase in catalase (CAT) activity, decrease in ASA content, increased accumulation of NO3, and reduction in photosynthesis, when compared with the controls. No changes were detected in stomatal conductance under NO2 fumigation. The pretreatment with 10 mmol L?1 H2O2 alleviated significantly NO2-caused biomass decrease and photosynthetic inhibition when compared with H2O2-untreated plants. Under NO2 fumigation, further induction in SOD and CAT activities occurred in H2O2 treated plants when compared with H2O2-untreated plants. The effect of NO2 on the ASA and MDA contents was also absent in H2O2-treated plants. However, the H2O2 treatment did not alter the nitrate content and NR activity in plants under NO2 fumigation. The H2O2 treatment caused a lower rate of stomatal conductance. Taken together, these data suggest that fumigation with an acute level of NO2 causes oxidative damage to B. campestris seedlings. The H2O2 pretreatment markedly protects plants against NO2 stress and this may be associated with inducible antioxidative level. NO2 fumigation contributes, at least in part, to the enhanced levels of nitrate in B. campestris leaves.

Chun-yan MA; Xin XU; Lin HAO; Jun CAO

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Urban climate resilience : a global assessment of city adaptation plans  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

As policy makers accept climate change as an irrefutable threat, adaptation planning has emerged as a necessary action for countries, states, and municipalities. This thesis explores adaptive responses to climate change ...

Katich, Kristina Noel

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Microsoft PowerPoint - Powerpoint_Adaptive.ppt [Compatibility Mode]  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Response Response to Low Dose Radiation Adaptive Response Adaptive Response When large radiation When large radiation exposure is preceded by a ll " i kl " d h small "tickle" dose, the effect of the large dose is effect of the large dose is sometimes diminished The first time you go to the beach in the summer you don't usually spend 8 hours in summer, you don t usually spend 8 hours in the sun. You begin by being out an hour or d dd ddi i l i h i ki two and add additional time as their skin adapts to the sunny condition and develops protective mechanisms.... Adaptive Response Adaptive Response In some cases, cells also show an "adaptive response" to radiation, although researchers p , g are still trying to understand how the protective mechanisms work. Small doses p

77

REGULATORY MECHANISMS OF SLC39A4 (ZIP4) AND SLC39A5 (ZIP5) IN THE ADAPTIVE RESPONSE TO ZINC AVAILABILITY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The aims of this research were to determine how Zip4 and Zip5 are regulated in response to zinc availability and how Zip4 impacts development. Loss of Zip4 resulted in embryonic lethality. Heterozygosity negatively affected eye, heart, and brain...

Weaver, Benjamin Patrick

2009-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

78

Self-Adaptive Management of The Sleep Depths of Idle Nodes in Large Scale Systems to Balance Between Energy Consumption and Response Times  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Between Energy Consumption and Response Times Yongpeng Liu(1) , Hong Zhu(2) , Kai Lu(1) , Xiaoping Wang(1.659 MW, which equals the power usage of a middle scale city. In 2006, US servers and data centers U.S. electricity consumption or the output of about 15 typical power plants [2]. In 2007

Zhu, Hong

79

Long-chain Ceramide Produced in Response to N-Hexanoylsphingosine does not Induce Apoptosis in CHP-100 Cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It has been previously reported that treatment of CHP-100 human neuroepithelioma cells with N...-hexanoylsphingosine (C6-Cer) induces intracellular accumulation of long-chain ceramide (LC-Cer) and apoptosis. Here...

Adriano Mancinetti; Sabrina Di Bartolomeo; Angelo Spinedi

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Prediction of automotive turbocharger nonlinear dynamic forced response with engine-induced housing excitations: comparisons to test data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

angles) derived from measured TC center housing accelerations. Analysis of recorded housing accelerations shows the IC engine induces TC motions with a broad range of subsynchronous frequencies, rich in engine (e) superharmonics. In particular, 2e and 4e...

Maruyama, Ashley Katsumi

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "induced adaptive response" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Influence of adaptive mesh refinement and the hydro solver on shear-induced mass stripping in a minor-merger scenario  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We compare two different codes for simulations of cosmological structure formation to investigate the sensitivity of hydrodynamical instabilities to numerics, in particular, the hydro solver and the application of adaptive mesh refinement (AMR). As a simple test problem, we consider an initially spherical gas cloud in a wind, which is an idealized model for the merger of a subcluster or galaxy with a big cluster. Based on an entropy criterion, we calculate the mass stripping from the subcluster as a function of time. Moreover, the turbulent velocity field is analyzed with a multi-scale filtering technique. We find remarkable differences between the commonly used PPM solver with directional splitting in the Enzo code and an unsplit variant of PPM in the Nyx code, which demonstrates that different codes can converge to systematically different solutions even when using uniform grids. For the test case of an unbound cloud, AMR simulations reproduce uniform-grid results for the mass stripping quite well, although...

Schmidt, W; Iapichino, L; Vazza, F; Almgren, A S

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Adaptive Sampling in Hierarchical Simulation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We propose an adaptive sampling methodology for hierarchical multi-scale simulation. The method utilizes a moving kriging interpolation to significantly reduce the number of evaluations of finer-scale response functions to provide essential constitutive information to a coarser-scale simulation model. The underlying interpolation scheme is unstructured and adaptive to handle the transient nature of a simulation. To handle the dynamic construction and searching of a potentially large set of finer-scale response data, we employ a dynamic metric tree database. We study the performance of our adaptive sampling methodology for a two-level multi-scale model involving a coarse-scale finite element simulation and a finer-scale crystal plasticity based constitutive law.

Knap, J; Barton, N R; Hornung, R D; Arsenlis, A; Becker, R; Jefferson, D R

2007-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

83

The Effects of Chronic Restraint Stress on Innate and Adaptive Immune Responses to Acute Theiler?s Murine Encephalomyelitis Virus Infection ? An Animal Model of Human Multiple Sclerosis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. (May 2008) Andrew Steelman, B.S., Gardner-Webb University; M.BIOT., Texas A&M University Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. C. Jane R. Welsh Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an immune-mediated prevalent chronic demyelinating and neurodegenerative disease... the IL-2R? (p = 2.96 x 10 -8 ), IL- 7R?, (p = 2.94 x 10 -7 ) and HLA-DRA locus (p = 8.94 x 10 -81 ) (Hafler et al., 2007). As these genes are strongly associated with CD4 + T-cell responses, these findings provide circumstantial evidence...

Steelman, Andrew Jonathan

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

84

The Effect of Compound Structure on the Elemental Responses in Gas Chromatography-Microwave Induced Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Since microwave induced plasma atomic emission spectrometry...pro totype Model SG-2 atmospheric pressure GC-MIP which...The flow of the He plasma supporting gas was maintained...output frequency: 2450 30 MHz output power: 0-200...by J&D Instruments Plasma discharge tube length......

Huang Yieru; Ou Qingyu; Yu Weile

1990-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Climate adaptation planning in practice: an evaluation of adaptation plans from three developed nations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Formal planning for climate change adaptation is emerging rapidly at a range of geo-political scales. This first generation of adaptation plans provides useful information regarding how institutions are framing the issue of adaptation and the range of processes that are recognized as being part of an adaptation response. To better understand adaptation planning among developed nations, a set of 57 adaptation plans from Australia, the United Kingdom and the United States was evaluated against a suite of 19 planning processes identified from existing guidance instruments for adaptation planning. Total scores among evaluated plans ranged from 16% of the maximum possible score to 61%, with an average of 37%. These results suggest adaptation plans are largely under-developed. Critical weaknesses in adaptation planning are related to limited consideration for non-climatic factors as well as neglect for issues of adaptive capacity including entitlements to various forms of capital needed for effective adaptation. Such gaps in planning suggest there are opportunities for institutions to make better use of existing guidance for adaptation planning and the need to consider the broader governance context in which adaptation will occur. In addition, the adaptation options prescribed by adaptation plans reflect a preferential bias toward low-risk capacity-building (72% of identified options) over the delivery of specific actions to reduce vulnerability. To the extent these findings are representative of the state of developed nation adaptation planning, there appear to be significant deficiencies in climate change preparedness, even among those nations often assumed to have the greatest adaptive capacity.

Preston, Benjamin L [ORNL; Westaway, Richard M. [IMS Consulting, Bristol, Avon, England; Yuen, Emma J. [CSIRO Climate Adaptation Flagship, Aspendale, Vic, Australia

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Stress-Induced GSK3 Regulates the Redox Stress Response by Phosphorylating Glucose-6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase in Arabidopsis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...physiological responses (Jonak and Hirt, 2002; Saidi et al., 2012). In alfalfa (Medicago...diverse functions (Jonak and Hirt, 2002; Saidi et al., 2012). In addition to ASKalpha...signalling pathway. Plant J. 62 : 215-223. Saidi, Y. , Hearn, T.J., and Coates...

Silvia Dal Santo; Hansjörg Stampfl; Julia Krasensky; Stefan Kempa; Yves Gibon; Elena Petutschnig; Wilfried Rozhon; Alexander Heuck; Tim Clausen; Claudia Jonak

2012-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

87

GRACE-2: integrating fine-grained application adaptation with global adaptation for saving energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Energy efficiency has become a primary design criterion for mobile multimedia devices. Prior work has proposed saving energy through coordinated adaptation in multiple system layers, in response to changing application demands and system resources. The scope and frequency of adaptation pose a fundamental conflict in such systems. The Illinois GRACE project addresses this conflict through a hierarchical solution which combines: 1) infrequent (expensive) global adaptation that optimises energy for all applications in the system, 2) frequent (cheap) per-application (or per-app) adaptation that optimises for a single application at a time. This paper demonstrates the benefits of the hierarchical adaptation through a second-generation prototype, GRACE-2. Specifically, it shows that in a network bandwidth constrained environment, per-app application adaptation yields significant energy benefits over and above global adaptation.

Vibhore Vardhan; Wanghong Yuan; Albert F. Harris; Sarita V. Adve; Robin H. Kravets; Klara Nahrstedt; Daniel G. Sachs; Douglas L. Jones

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Cost-effective and highly sensitive cholesterol microsensors with fast response based on the enzyme-induced conductivity change of polyaniline  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this study, a cost-effective and highly sensitive cholesterol microsensor, which is consisted of cholesterol oxidase (ChOx), horseradish peroxidase (HRP), and polyaniline (PANI), was developed based on the enzyme-induced conductivity change of PANI with fast response. Hydrogen peroxide is produced via the reaction between cholesterol and ChOx, which was immobilized in a dialysis membrane. The produced hydrogen peroxide can oxidize HRP, which can be reduced by oxidizing PANI, thus resulting in decreased conductivity of the polyaniline thin film. The reduced HRP can be oxidized again by hydrogen peroxide and the cycle of the oxidation/reduction continues until all hydrogen peroxide are reacted, leading to the high sensitivity of the sensor due to the signal contributed from all hydrogen peroxide molecules. Cholesterol was detected near the physiological concentrations ranging from 100?mg/dl to 400?mg/dl with the cholesterol microsensors. The results show linear relation between cholesterol concentration and the conductivity change of the PANI. The microsensor showed no response to cholesterol when the PANI was standalone without cholesterol oxidase immobilized, indicating that the enzymatic reaction is required for cholesterol detection. The simple process of the sensor fabrication allows the sensor to be cost-effective and disposable usage. This electronic cholesterol microsensor is promising for point-of-care health monitoring in cholesterol level with low cost and fast response.

Fang, Kuan-Chung; Chu, Chia-Ho; Hsu, Chen-Pin; Kang, Yen-Wen; Fang, Jung-Ying; Chen, Chih-Chen; Li, Sheng-Shian; Andrew Yeh, J.; Yao, Da-Jeng; Wang, Yu-Lin, E-mail: ylwang@mx.nthu.edu.tw [Institute of Nanoengineering and Microsystems, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 300, Taiwan (China); Hsu, Chia-Hsien [Division of Medical Engineering, National Health Research Institutes, MiaoLi, Taiwan (China); Huang, Yu-Fen [Department of Biomedical Engineering and Environmental Science, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 300, Taiwan (China)

2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

89

Time-resolved imaging of material response during laser-induced bulk damage in SiO2  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report on time resolved imaging of the dynamic events taking place during laser-induced damage in the bulk of fused silica samples with nanosecond temporal resolution and one micron spatial resolution. These events include: shock/pressure wave formation and propagation, transient absorption, crack propagation and formation of residual stress fields. The work has been performed using a time-resolved microscope system that utilizes a probe pulse to acquire images at delay times covering the entire timeline of a damage event. Image information is enhanced using polarized illumination and simultaneously recording the two orthogonal polarization image components. For the case of fused silica, an electronic excitation is first observed accompanied by the onset of a pressure wave generation and propagation. Cracks are seen to form early in the process and reach their final size at about 25 ns into the damage event. In addition, changes that in part are attributed to transient absorption in the modified material are observed for delays up to about 200 microseconds.

Demos, S G; Negres, R A

2008-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

90

Creating Adaptive Feedback designed for Improving Data Entry Accuracy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract- Data quality is a critical problem in modern databases. Data-entry forms present the first and arguably best opportunity for detecting and mitigating errors, but there has been little research into automatic methods for improving data quality at entry time. In this paper, we propose USHER, an end-to-end system for form design, entry, and data quality assurance. Using previous form submissions, USHER learns a probabilistic model over the questions of the form. USHER then applies this model at every step of the data-entry process to improve data quality. Before entry, it induces a form layout that captures the most important data values of a form instance as quickly as possible and reduces the complexity of error-prone questions. During entry, it dynamically adapts the form to the values being entered by providing real-time interface feedback, reasking questions with dubious responses, and simplifying questions by reformulating them. After entry, it revisits question responses that it deems likely to have been entered incorrectly by reasking the question or a reformulation thereof. We evaluate these components of USHER using two real-world data sets. Our results demonstrate that USHER can improve data quality considerably at a reduced cost when compared to current practice. Index Terms- Data quality, data entry, form design, adaptive form. O I.

P. Jaya Prakash; B. Venkateswarlu; S. Abdul Jeelan; Assistant Professors; Andhra Pradesh-india

91

THYROID HORMONE REVERSES AGING-INDUCED MYOCARDIAL FATTY ACID OXIDATION DEFECTS AND IMPROVES THE RESPONSE TO ACUTELY INCREASED AFTERLOAD  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Background: Subclinical hypothyroidism occurs during aging in humans and mice and may contribute to development of heart failure. Aging also impairs myocardial fatty acid oxidation, causing increased reliance on flux through pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH) to maintain function. We hypothesize that the metabolic changes in aged hearts make them less tolerant to acutely increased work and that thyroid hormone reverses these defects. Methods: Studies were performed on young (Young, 4-6 months) and aged (Old, 22-24 months) C57/BL6 mice at standard (50 mmHg) and high afterload (80 mmHg). Another aged group received thyroid hormone for 3 weeks (Old-TH, high afterload only). Function was measured in isolated working hearts along with substrate fractional contributions (Fc) to the citric acid cycle (CAC) using perfusate with 13C labeled lactate, pyruvate, glucose and unlabeled palmitate and insulin. Results: Cardiac function was similar between Young and Old mice at standard afterload. Palmitate Fc was reduced but no individual carbohydrate contributions differed. CAC and individual substrate fluxes decreased in aged. At high afterload, -dP/dT was decreased in Old versus Young. Similar to low afterload, palmitate Fc was decreased in Old. Thyroid hormone reversed aging-induced changes in palmitate Fc and flux while significantly improving cardiac function. Conclusion: The aged heart shows diminished ability to increase cardiac work due to substrate limitations, primarily impaired fatty acid oxidation. The heart accommodates slightly by increasing efficiency through oxidation of carbohydrate substrates. Thyroid hormone supplementation in aged mice significantly improves cardiac function potentially through restoration of fatty acid oxidation.

Ledee, Dolena; Portman, Michael A.; Kajimoto, Masaki; Isern, Nancy G.; Olson, Aaron

2013-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

92

Sensor response rate accelerator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An apparatus and method for sensor signal prediction and for improving sensor signal response time, is disclosed. An adaptive filter or an artificial neural network is utilized to provide predictive sensor signal output and is further used to reduce sensor response time delay.

Vogt, Michael C. (Westmont, IL)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Generalized Adaptive A* Xiaoxun Sun  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Generalized Adaptive A* Xiaoxun Sun USC Computer Science Los Angeles, California xiaoxuns spaces changes. Adaptive A* [7] is a Cite as: Generalized Adaptive A*, Xiaoxun Sun, Sven Koenig

Yeoh, William

94

Suppressors of Cytokine Signaling 1 and 3 Are Upregulated in Brain Resident Cells in Response to Virus-Induced Inflammation of the Central Nervous System via at Least Two Distinctive Pathways  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Cytokine Signaling 1 and 3 Are Upregulated in Brain Resident Cells in Response to Virus-Induced...LCMV model, SOCS mRNA was expressed in brain resident cells, including astrocytes and...found SOCS expression to be upregulated in brain resident cells with a peak on day 7 p...

Maria Abildgaard Steffensen; Christina Fenger; Jeanette Erbo Christensen; Carina Krogsgaard Jrgensen; Maria Rosaria Bassi; Jan Pravsgaard Christensen; Bente Finsen; Allan Randrup Thomsen

2014-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

95

The genomics of adaptation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...introduction Special feature 1001 70 197 198 The genomics of adaptation Jacek Radwan 1 * Wieslaw...One contribution to a Special Feature Genomics of adaptation. The amount and nature...aspects of the broad field of adaptation genomics. This introductory article sets up a...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Structure of the TGF-Beta Receptor Complex Reveals Evolutionary Adaptations  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Structure of the TGF-Beta Receptor Complex Structure of the TGF-Beta Receptor Complex Reveals Evolutionary Adaptations that have Led to Diversification of Function with the Superfamily Growth factors are peptides and proteins that function extracellularly to regulate cell growth and differentiation. They play critical roles in vertebrates as they coordinate the actions of cells within the same tissue, or cells in one tissue or organ with those in another. They induce their activities by binding and bringing together cell surface receptors, which typically are comprised of an extracellular domain, a single membrane-spanning domain, and an intracellular domain. The extracellular domains are responsible for recognizing and binding the growth factor, while the intracellular domains, when brought into close spatial proximity, are responsible for activating the downstream machinery that brings about an appropriately tuned cellular response.

97

Sub-chronic exposure to the insecticide dimethoate induces a proinflammatory status and enhances the neuroinflammatory response to bacterial lypopolysaccharide in the hippocampus and striatum of male mice  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Dimethoate is an organophosphorus insecticide extensively used in horticulture. Previous studies have shown that the administration of dimethoate to male rats, at a very low dose and during a sub-chronic period, increases the oxidation of lipids and proteins, reduces the levels of antioxidants and impairs mitochondrial function in various brain regions. In this study, we have assessed in C57Bl/6 adult male mice, whether sub-chronic (5 weeks) intoxication with a low dose of dimethoate (1.4 mg/kg) affects the expression of inflammatory molecules and the reactivity of microglia in the hippocampus and striatum under basal conditions and after an immune challenge caused by the systemic administration of lipopolysaccharide. Dimethoate increased mRNA levels of tumor necrosis factor ? (TNF?) and interleukin (IL) 6 in the hippocampus, and increased the proportion of Iba1 immunoreactive cells with reactive phenotype in dentate gyrus and striatum. Lipopolysaccharide caused a significant increase in the mRNA levels of IL1?, TNF?, IL6 and interferon-?-inducible protein 10, and a significant increase in the proportion of microglia with reactive phenotype in the hippocampus and the striatum. Some of the effects of lipopolysaccharide (proportion of Iba1 immunoreactive cells with reactive phenotype and IL6 mRNA levels) were amplified in the animals treated with dimethoate, but only in the striatum. These findings indicate that a sub-chronic period of administration of a low dose of dimethoate, comparable to the levels of the pesticide present as residues in food, causes a proinflammatory status in the brain and enhances the neuroinflammatory response to the lipopolysaccharide challenge with regional specificity. - Highlights: The dose of pesticide used was comparable to the levels of residues found in food. Dimethoate administration increased cytokine expression and microglia reactivity. Hippocampus and striatum were differentially affected by the treatment. Dimethoate impairs the neuroinflammatory response to an inflammatory challenge.

Astiz, Mariana, E-mail: marianaastiz@gmail.com; Diz-Chaves, Yolanda, E-mail: ydiz@cajal.csic.es; Garcia-Segura, Luis M., E-mail: lmgs@cajal.csic.es

2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

98

Adaptive Video Retrieval  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hopfgartner,F. Villa,R. Urban,J. Jose,J.M. Proceedings of the First International Workshop on Adaptive Information Retrieval pp 28-29

Hopfgartner, F.

99

E-Print Network 3.0 - activity trial adapt Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Biology and Medicine 6 Running Head: CONFLICT ADAPTATION FOLLOWING ERRONEOUS RESPONSE PREPARATION Summary: (Botvinick et al., 2001). Reduced ACC activation (sometimes...

100

E-Print Network 3.0 - adaptive supply survival Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sciences and Ecology 6 RICKARD, I.J. & LUMMAA V. 2007: The Predictive Adaptive Response and metabolic syndrome: Challenges for the hypothesis. Summary: 1: survival...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "induced adaptive response" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

E-Print Network 3.0 - adaptive phased array Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the desired array response; in this case... of adaptive beamformers on seismic data ... Source: van der Veen, Alle-Jan - Department of Electrical Engineering, Technische...

102

The low dose damage response pathways in the mouse mammary glands depends  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

low dose damage response pathways in the mouse mammary glands depends low dose damage response pathways in the mouse mammary glands depends on genotype, tissue compartment, exposure regimen, and sampling times Joe Gray & Andrew Wyrobek Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Abstract The objectives of this research are to characterize the early and persistent low-dose and adaptive response (AR) damage surveillance networks in mammary glands of radiation sensitive and resistant strains of mice to identify the molecular signatures/mechanisms associated with nonlinear modifications of risk for mammary gland cancer. Our approach uses low-dose exposure regimens that have been reported to induce mammary gland cancer in sensitive strains to determine whether low-dose induced pathways are differentially expressed in epithelial or stromal cells and to determine

103

Leak test adapter for containers  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An adapter is provided for facilitating the charging of containers and leak testing penetration areas. The adapter comprises an adapter body and stem which are secured to the container's penetration areas. The container is then pressurized with a tracer gas. Manipulating the adapter stem installs a penetration plug allowing the adapter to be removed and the penetration to be leak tested with a mass spectrometer. Additionally, a method is provided for using the adapter.

Hallett, Brian H. (Elizabeth, PA); Hartley, Michael S. (Canonsburg, PA)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

RTP Customer Demand Response  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper provides new evidence on customer demand response to hourly pricing from the largest and...real-time pricing...(RTP) program in the United States. RTP creates value by inducing load reductions at times...

Steven Braithwait; Michael OSheasy

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

BIODIVERSITY Incorporating sociocultural adaptive  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BIODIVERSITY VIEWPOINT Incorporating sociocultural adaptive capacity in conservation hotspot of biodiversity threats. Conservation biogeography (Whittaker et al., 2005) has emerged as a critical area biodiversity (Mawdsley et al., 2009). Adjusting conservation strategies to maintain diversity in recognition

106

Adaptive Street Lighting Controls  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This two-partDOE Municipal Solid-State Street Lighting Consortium webinar focused on LED street lighting equipped with adaptive control components. In Part I, presenters Amy Olay of the City of...

107

Adaptability and human genetics.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...parts of the system follow logically...desiccating winds, and extreme solar radiation...inclusive population system, is a major...Chung, 1966). Hybrid studies are...with population systems, dynamic population...adaptive traits. Hybrid individuals...

W S Laughlin

1968-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Prevention of Low Dose Radiation-Induced Genomic Instability with Clinically Relevant Non-Protein Thiols and Vitamin E.  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Prevention of Low Dose Radiation-Induced Genomic Instability with Clinically Relevant Prevention of Low Dose Radiation-Induced Genomic Instability with Clinically Relevant Non-Protein Thiols and Vitamin E. J.S. Murley 1 , Y. Kataoka 1 , W.F. Morgan 2 , and D.J. Grdina 1 . The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 1 , The University of Maryland Medical School, Baltimore, MD 2 Induced or delayed radioprotection is a novel phenomenon that shares many similarities with the low dose radiation-induced radiobiological phenomenon referred to as the adaptive response. Induced or delayed radioprotection is defined as an enhancement in the radiation resistance of cells at long times following their exposure to non-protein thiols (NPT) such as WR1065, the free thiol form of amifostine. This effect is the result of the induction of a cascade of intracellular

109

Adjuvanted H5N1 vaccine induces early CD4+ T cell response that predicts long-term persistence of protective antibody levels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Markers able to quickly predict the immune response...Mathematical models suggest that a vaccine...the start of the outbreak, can reduce clinical...experience with seasonal flu, where a serum antibody hemagglutination...Markers able to quickly predict the immune response...titers >40 at day 43 predict MN titers >80 at...

Grazia Galli; Duccio Medini; Erica Borgogni; Luisanna Zedda; Monia Bardelli; Carmine Malzone; Sandra Nuti; Simona Tavarini; Chiara Sammicheli; Anne K. Hilbert; Volker Brauer; Angelika Banzhoff; Rino Rappuoli; Giuseppe Del Giudice; Flora Castellino

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Dynamic Adaptation using Xen  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The topic of virtualization has received renewed attention. Xen is a popular open source type-I hypervisor. The Xen hypervisor currently has limited capabilities for runtime modification to the core hypervisor, which impairs research into dynamic adaptation for system-level virtualization. This paper discusses recent investigations into the feasibility of extending Xen to support runtime adaptation for core hypervisor service, e.g., scheduler.

Naughton, III, Thomas J [ORNL; Vallee, Geoffroy R [ORNL; Scott, Stephen L [ORNL

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Adaptation and risk management  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Adaptation assessment methods are compatible with the international risk management standard ISO:31000. Risk management approaches are increasingly being recommended for adaptation assessments at both national and local levels. Two orientations to assessments can commonly be identified: top-down and bottom-up, and prescriptive and diagnostic. Combinations of these orientations favor different types of assessments. The choice of orientation can be related to uncertainties in prediction and taking action, in the type of adaptation and in the degree of system stress. Adopting multiple viewpoints is to be encouraged, especially in complex situations. The bulk of current guidance material is consistent with top-down and predictive approaches, thus is most suitable for risk scoping and identification. Abroad range ofmaterial fromwithin and beyond the climate change literature can be used to select methods to be used in assessing and implementing adaptation. The framing of risk, correct formulation of the questions being investigated and assessment methodology are critical aspects of the scoping phase. Only when these issues have been addressed should be issue of specific methods and tools be addressed. The reorientation of adaptation from an assessment focused solely on anthropogenic climate change to broader issues of vulnerability/resilience, sustainable development and disaster risk, especially through a risk management framework, can draw from existing policy and management understanding in communities, professions and agencies, incorporating existing agendas, knowledge, risks, and issues they already face.

Preston, Benjamin L [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Metallothionein Induction by Hypoxia Involves Cooperative Interactions between Metal-Responsive Transcription Factor-1 and Hypoxia-Inducible Transcription Factor-1?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Shi 1 Carol Green 1 Lidia Sambucetti 1 Nathan Collins 1 1SRI International, Menlo Park, CA. Cancer is remarkably heterogeneous and...ovarian tumors. Western blot analysis shows that SR13654, SRI advanced lead, is able to induce apoptosis by caspase activation...

Brian J. Murphy; Tomoki Kimura; Barbara G. Sato; Yihui Shi; and Glen K. Andrews

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Adaptive filters for detection of gravitational waves from coalescing binaries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this work we propose use of infinite impulse response adaptive line enhancer (IIR ALE) filters for detection of gravitational waves from coalescing binaries. We extend our previous work and define an adaptive matched filter structure. Filter performance is analyzed in terms of the tracking capability and determination of filter parameters. Furthermore, following the Neyman-Pearson strategy, receiver operating characteristics are derived, with closedform expressions for detection threshold, false alarm, and detection probability. Extensive tests demonstrate the effectiveness of adaptive filters both in terms of small computational cost and robustness.

Eleuteri, Antonio; Milano, Leopoldo; De Rosa, Rosario; Garufi, Fabio; Acernese, Fausto; Barone, Fabrizio; Giordano, Lara; Pardi, Silvio [Dip. di Scienze Fisiche, Universita di Napoli 'Federico II', via Cintia, I-80126 Naples (Italy) and INFN sez. Napoli, via Cintia, I-80126 Naples (Italy); Dip. di Scienze Farmaceutiche, Universita di Salerno, via Ponte Don Melillo, 84084 Fisciano (Saudi Arabia) (IT) and INFN sez. Napoli, via Cintia, I-80126 Naples (Italy); Dip. di Matematica ed Applicazioni, Universita di Napoli 'Federico II', via Cintia, I-80126 Naples (Italy) and INFN sez. Napoli, via Cintia, I-80126 Naples (Italy)

2006-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

114

LeMPK3 Is a Mitogen-activated Protein Kinase with Dual Specificity Induced during Tomato Defense and Wounding Responses*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and jasmonic acid. Moreover, in resistant tomato plants infected by X. campestris pv. vesicatoria, transcript, and Guido Sessa From the Dept. of Plant Sciences, Tel-Aviv University, 69978 Tel-Aviv, Israel Mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase cascades are readily activated during the response of plants to avir- ulent pathogens

Sessa, Guido

115

Exposure of Bacillus subtilis to Low Pressure (5 Kilopascals) Induces Several Global Regulons, Including Those Involved in the SigB-Mediated General Stress Response  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...whose products are involved in energy stress activation of the SigB...three pathways responsive to energy stress (65); exposure to...the NASA Planetary Biology Internship (PBI) program to J.A...beta hydrolase is required for energy stress activation of the sigma...

Samantha M. Waters; Jos A. Robles-Martnez; Wayne L. Nicholson

2014-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

116

Rapid Transcriptome Changes Induced by Cytosolic Ca2+ Transients Reveal ABRE-Related Sequences as Ca2+-Responsive cis Elements in Arabidopsis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...of the gene classification is presented in Figure 6 Figure 6. Pie Chart Representing the Functional Classification of Ca2-Responsive...see Supplemental Tables 5 and 6 online) and represented as a pie chart. TF, transcription factors. . Differences between the...

Boaz Kaplan; Olga Davydov; Heather Knight; Yael Galon; Marc R. Knight; Robert Fluhr; Hillel Fromm

2006-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

117

Involvement of a chromatin modifier in response to mono-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (MEHP)-induced Sertoli cell injury: Probably an indirect action via the regulation of NF?B/FasL circuitry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Highlights: MTA1 expression is upregulated in SCs upon MEHP treatment. Knockdown of MTA1 in SCs impairs the MEHP-induced NF?B signaling activation. Knockdown of MTA1 inhibits recruitment of NF?B onto FasL promoter in MEHP-treated SCs. -- Abstract: The Fas/FasL signaling pathway, controlled by nuclear factor-?B (NF?B) at the transcriptional level, is critical for triggering germ cell apoptosis in response to mono-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (MEHP)-induced Sertoli cell (SC) injury, but the exact regulation mechanism remain unknown. Here, we discovered that expression level of Metastasis associated protein 1 (MTA1), a component of the Mi-2/nucleosome remodeling and deacetylase complex, was upregulated in SCs during the early recovery after MEHP exposure. This expression change was in line with the dynamic changes in germ cell apoptosis in response to MEHP treatment. Furthermore, a knockdown of MTA1 by RNAi in SCs was found to impair the MEHP-induced early activation of NF?B pathway and abolish the recruitment of NF?B onto FasL promoter, which consequently diminished the MEHP-triggered FasL induction. Considering that Fas/FasL is a well characterized apoptosis initiating signaling during SCs injury, our results point to a potential switch on effect of MTA1, which may govern the activation of NF?B/FasL cascade in MEHP-insulted SCs. Overall, the MTA1/NF?B/FasL circuit may serve as an important defensive/repairing mechanism to help to control the germ cell quality after SCs injury.

Chen, Shiwei [Department of Urology, 174th Hospital of PLA, Fujian 361001 (China)] [Department of Urology, 174th Hospital of PLA, Fujian 361001 (China); Dong, Yushu [Department of Neurosurgery, 463rd Hospital of PLA, Shenyang 110042 (China)] [Department of Neurosurgery, 463rd Hospital of PLA, Shenyang 110042 (China); Xu, Chun; Jiang, Liming; Chen, Yongjie; Jiang, Cheng [Department of Urology, 174th Hospital of PLA, Fujian 361001 (China)] [Department of Urology, 174th Hospital of PLA, Fujian 361001 (China); Hou, Wugang, E-mail: gangwuhou@163.com [Department of Anesthesiology, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xian 710032 (China)] [Department of Anesthesiology, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xian 710032 (China); Li, Wei, E-mail: liweipepeyato@163.com [Department of Human Anatomy, Histology and Embryology, Fourth Military Medical University, Xian 710032 (China)] [Department of Human Anatomy, Histology and Embryology, Fourth Military Medical University, Xian 710032 (China)

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Climate Change Adaptation Planning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Colorado Law School #12;What is Climate Change Adaptation? "Adjustment in natural or human systems: Vulnerability and Risk Assessments - Current Example - Golden Eagles on the Colorado Plateau Current impact: Golden eagle populations have been declining in portions of the western U.S. Source: BLM Colorado Plateau

Neff, Jason

119

Climate Change Adaptation | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Climate Change Adaptation Climate Change Adaptation Mission The Climate Change Adaptation (CCA) team affirms the overall DOE commitment to plan for and manage the short and...

120

Adaptation of Microvasculature to Pulsatility  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

adaptation has not yet been fully characterized. In fact, standard mathematical models using the common assumption that vessels solely adapt to steady flow do not reproduce normal vascular structure. Therefore, we developed a simple, mathematical model of a...

Bimal, Tia

2013-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

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While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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121

A MATHEMATICAL FRAMEWORK FOR THE LINEAR RECONSTRUCTOR PROBLEM IN ADAPTIVE OPTICS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A MATHEMATICAL FRAMEWORK FOR THE LINEAR RECONSTRUCTOR PROBLEM IN ADAPTIVE OPTICS MOODY T. CHU induced by atmospheric turbulence can severely de- grade the performance of an optical imaging system. Adaptive optics refers to the process of removing unwanted wave front distortions in real time, i

122

A MATHEMATICAL FRAMEWORK FOR THE LINEAR RECONSTRUCTOR PROBLEM IN ADAPTIVE OPTICS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A MATHEMATICAL FRAMEWORK FOR THE LINEAR RECONSTRUCTOR PROBLEM IN ADAPTIVE OPTICS MOODY T. CHU aberrations induced by atmospheric turbulence can severely de­ grade the performance of an optical imaging system. Adaptive optics refers to the process of removing unwanted wave front distortions in real time, i

123

6 options spring '00 understanding adaptation in natural systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

impacts on biodiversity and ecosystem functioning. Fisheries scientists and mana- gers have increasingly6 options spring '00 understanding adaptation in natural systems Shrinking Cod: Fishery-Induced Change in an Oceanic Stock Fishing is a major source of food and other resources for humankind. Today

Dieckmann, Ulf

124

Biomarker Response to Galactic Cosmic Ray-Induced NOx and the Methane Greenhouse Effect in the Atmosphere of an Earthlike Planet Orbiting an M-Dwarf Star  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Planets orbiting in the habitable zone (HZ) of M-Dwarf stars are subject to high levels of galactic cosmic rays (GCRs) which produce nitrogen oxides in earthlike atmospheres. We investigate to what extent this NOx may modify biomarker compounds such as ozone (O3) and nitrous oxide (N2O), as well as related compounds such as water (H2O) (essential for life) and methane (CH4) (which has both abiotic and biotic sources) . Our model results suggest that such signals are robust, changing in the M-star world atmospheric column by up to 20% due to the GCR NOx effects compared to an M-star run without GCR effects and can therefore survive at least the effects of galactic cosmic rays. We have not however investigated stellar cosmic rays here. CH4 levels are about 10 times higher than on the Earth related to a lowering in hydroxyl (OH) in response to changes in UV. The increase is less than reported in previous studies. This difference arose partly because we used different biogenic input. For example, we employed 23% ...

Grenfell, J L; Patzer, B; Rauer, H; Segura, A; Stadelmann, A; Stracke, B; Titz, R; Von Paris, P; Grenfell, John Lee; Griessmeier, Jean-Mathias; Patzer, Beate; Rauer, Heike; Segura, Antigona; Stadelmann, Anja; Stracke, Barbara; Titz, Ruth; Paris, Philip von

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Genomic and Expression Analyses of Cold-Adapted Microorganisms.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Contents 7.1 Introduction 7.2 Ecological evidence of bacterial adaptation to cold 7.2.1 Characteristics of cold environments and implications for microbial ecology 7.2.2 Ecological adaptation in Exiguobacterium spp. and Psychrobacter spp. 7.3 Gene Expression Responses to the Cold 7.3.1 Fundamentals of Gene Expression Responses to Cold 7.3.2 Acclimation for Life in Cold Habitats 7.3.2.1 Translation and Chaperone Proteins: Safeguarding the functional units of cellular physiology 7.3.2.2 Carbon and Energy metabolism: resource efficiency over long generation times 7.3.2.3 Amino Acid Biosynthesis: Species-specific responses to species-specific deficiencies 7.3.2.4 Compatible solutes: a concomitant response in cryoenvironments 7.3.2.5 Membrane fluidity: A major role in the overall metabolic rate at temperature 7.3.2.6 The cell wall at low temperature: A poorly understood growth rate determinant 7.3.2.7 Transporters: The balance between local nutrient uptake and depletion 7.3.2.8 Genome plasticity. The potential role of transposases and repeated sequences. 7.4 Protein adaptations to cold 7.4.1 The low temperature challenge 7.4.2 The stability activity relationship 7.4.3 Structural features of cold adapted enzymes. 7.4.4 Hydrophobic interactions 7.4.5 Electrostatic interactions 7.4.5.1 Arginine 7.4.5.2 Acidic residues 7.4.6 Structural elements 7.4.6.1 -helices and -sheets 7.4.6.2 Proline and Glycine 7.4.6.3 Disordered regions 7.5 Comparison of cold- and warm-adapted Exiguobacterium strains 7.5.1 Phylogeny reflects adaptations to environmental conditions 7.5.2 Genomic comparison of two strains 7.6 Summary and future directions

Bakermans, Corien [Pennsylvania State University; Bergholz, Peter W. [Cornell University; Rodrigues, Debora F. [University of Houston, Houston; Vishnivetskaya, T. [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Ayala-del-Ro, Hector L. [University of Puerto Rico; Tiedje, James M. [Michigan State University, East Lansing

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Adaptive control for energy conservation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this project is to investigate the use of adaptive control concepts in buildings with solar-assisted heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems to maintain occupant comfort conditions while minimizing auxiliary energy use. Accomplishing this objective requires an energy management system capable of making sound tradeoffs. Optimal control theory is used along with a system identification technique to provide an adaptable stratgy. The resulting overall approach is known as adaptive optimal control (AOC).

Farris, D.R.

1980-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Adaptive coherent interferometric imaging for sensor networks Gregoire Derveauxa)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with distributed sensor networks is presented. The sensors record the impulse response of the unknown background imaging when the background is known is considered in Ref.8. The sensors record an approximate impulseAdaptive coherent interferometric imaging for sensor networks Gr´egoire Derveauxa) INRIA Domaine de

Papanicolaou, George C.

128

Adaptive Restoration of Airborne Daedalus AADS1268 ATM Thermal Data  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To incorporate the georegistration and restoration processes into airborne data processing in support of U.S. Department of Energy's nuclear emergency response task, we developed an adaptive restoration filter for airborne Daedalus AADS1268 ATM thermal data based on the Wiener filtering theory. Preliminary assessment shows that this filter enhances the detectability of small weak thermal anomalies in AADS1268 thermal images.

D. Yuan; E. Doak; P. Guss; A. Will

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Mutual Inhibition Increases Adaptation Rate in an Electrosensory System 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are the responses of MG cells to the sh's own electric organ discharge (EOD). Corollary discharge signals associated with the motor command that drives the EOD project to the ELL as parallel bers that terminate on apical dendrites of MG cells. Adaptation of MG cells to changes in EOD-evoked electrosensory patterns result from changes

Roberts, Patrick D.

130

Adaptive capacity and its assessment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper reviews the concept of adaptive capacity and various approaches to assessing it, particularly with respect to climate variability and change. I find that adaptive capacity is a relatively under-researched topic within the sustainability science and global change communities, particularly since it is uniquely positioned to improve linkages between vulnerability and resilience research. I identify opportunities for advancing the measurement and characterization of adaptive capacity by combining insights from both vulnerability and resilience frameworks, and I suggest several assessment approaches for possible future development that draw from both frameworks and focus on analyzing the governance, institutions, and management that have helped foster adaptive capacity in light of recent climatic events.

Engle, Nathan L.

2011-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

131

Response of a tundra ecosystem to elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide and CO{sub 2}-induced climate change. Annual technical report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Northern ecosystems contain up to 455 Gt of C in the soil active layer and upper permafrost, which is equivalent to approximately 60% of the carbon currently in the atmosphere as CO{sub 2}. Much of this carbon is stored in the soil as dead organic matter. Its fate is subject to the net effects of global change on the plant and soil systems of northern ecosystems. The arctic alone contains about 60 Gt C, 90% of which is present in the soil active layer and upper permafrost, and is assumed to have been a sink for CO{sub 2} during the historic and recent geologic past. Depending on the nature, rate, and magnitude of global environmental change, the arctic may have a positive or negative feedback on global change. Results from the DOE- funded research efforts of 1990 and 1991 indicate that the arctic has become a source of CO{sub 2} to the atmosphere. Measurements made in the Barrow, Alaska region during 1992 support these results. This change coincides with recent climatic variation in the arctic, and suggests a positive feedback of arctic ecosystems on atmospheric CO{sub 2} and global change. There are obvious potential errors in scaling plot level measurements to landscape, mesoscale, and global spatial scales. In light of the results from the recent DOE-funded research, and the remaining uncertainties regarding the change in arctic ecosystem function due to high latitude warming, a revised set of research goals is proposed for the 1993--94 year. The research proposed in this application has four principal aspects: (A) Long- term response of arctic plants and ecosystems to elevated atmospheric CO{sub 2}. (B) Circumpolar patterns of net ecosystem CO{sub 2} flux. (C) In situ controls by temperature and moisture on net ecosystem CO{sub 2} flux. (D) Scaling of CO{sub 2} flux from plot, to landscape, to regional scales.

Oechel, W.C.

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Biomarker Response to Galactic Cosmic Ray-Induced NOx and the Methane Greenhouse Effect in the Atmosphere of an Earthlike Planet Orbiting an M-Dwarf Star  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Planets orbiting in the habitable zone (HZ) of M-Dwarf stars are subject to high levels of galactic cosmic rays (GCRs) which produce nitrogen oxides in earthlike atmospheres. We investigate to what extent this NOx may modify biomarker compounds such as ozone (O3) and nitrous oxide (N2O), as well as related compounds such as water (H2O) (essential for life) and methane (CH4) (which has both abiotic and biotic sources) . Our model results suggest that such signals are robust, changing in the M-star world atmospheric column by up to 20% due to the GCR NOx effects compared to an M-star run without GCR effects and can therefore survive at least the effects of galactic cosmic rays. We have not however investigated stellar cosmic rays here. CH4 levels are about 10 times higher than on the Earth related to a lowering in hydroxyl (OH) in response to changes in UV. The increase is less than reported in previous studies. This difference arose partly because we used different biogenic input. For example, we employed 23% lower CH4 fluxes compared to those studies. Unlike on the Earth, relatively modest changes in these fluxes can lead to larger changes in the concentrations of biomarker and related species on the M-star world. We calculate a CH4 greenhouse heating effect of up to 4K. O3 photochemistry in terms of the smog mechanism and the catalytic loss cycles on the M-star world differs considerably compared with the Earth.

John Lee Grenfell; Jean-Mathias Griessmeier; Beate Patzer; Heike Rauer; Antigona Segura; Anja Stadelmann; Barbara Stracke; Ruth Titz; Philip von Paris

2007-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

133

Protein Structure Suggests Role as Molecular Adapter  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Protein Structure Suggests Role Protein Structure Suggests Role as Molecular Adapter Protein Structure Suggests Role as Molecular Adapter Print Wednesday, 24 June 2009 00:00 To split and copy DNA during replication, all cellular organisms use a multicomponent molecular machine known as the replisome. An essential step in replisome assembly is the loading of ring-shaped helicases (motor proteins) onto the separated strands of DNA. Dedicated ATP-fueled proteins regulate the loading; however, the mechanism by which these proteins recruit and deposit helicases has remained unclear. To better understand this process, researchers at the University of California, Berkeley, recently determined the structure of the ATPase region of DnaC, a bacterial helicase loader. The structure revealed that DnaC is a close cousin of DnaA, the protein thought to be responsible for unwinding DNA. Unexpectedly, the team further found that DnaC forms a right-handed helix similar to the state adopted by ATP-bound DnaA. These findings, together with biochemical studies, implicate DnaC as a molecular adapter that uses ATP-activated DnaA as a docking site for ensuring that DnaB (the ring-shaped helicase) is correctly deposited at the onset of replication.

134

Emerging patterns of adaptive re-use : the new American House Hotel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis aims to develop a design solution for the adaptive reuse of the American House Hotel that answers an architectural design challenge with technical responses. The process of actualization has been pushed a bit ...

Moody, Linda A

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

BRIDGING NAVIGATION, SEARCH AND ADAPTATION. Adaptive Hypermedia Models Evolution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Corpus, Dexter Model, AHAM, GAF. Abstract: Adaptive Hypermedia Systems (AHS) have long been concentrating The most referenced (but certainly not only) Adaptive Hypermedia (AH) model dates back to 1999. Since AHAM/Hypermedia modelling from Dexter Model through AHAM to the proposed GAF model, out- line advantages of each framework

De Bra, Paul

136

Personalized video adaptation framework (PIAF): high-level semantic adaptation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Despite much work on Universal Multimedia Experience (UME), existing video adaptation approaches cannot yet be considered as truly user-centric, mostly due to their poor handling of semantic user preferences. Indeed, these works mainly concentrate on ... Keywords: MPEG-21, MPEG-7, Personalized video, Semantic adaptation, Semantic constraint, Universal multimedia experience

Vanessa El-Khoury, David Coquil, Nadia Bennani, Lionel Brunie

2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Impaired Transcriptional Response of the Murine Heart to Cigarette Smoke in the Setting of High Fat Diet and Obesity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Smoking and obesity are each well-established risk factors for cardiovascular heart disease, which together impose earlier onset and greater severity of disease. To identify early signaling events in the response of the heart to cigarette smoke exposure within the setting of obesity, we exposed normal weight and high fat diet-induced obese (DIO) C57BL/6 mice to repeated inhaled doses of mainstream (MS) or sidestream (SS) cigarette smoke administered over a two week period, monitoring effects on both cardiac and pulmonary transcriptomes. MS smoke (250 ?g wet total particulate matter (WTPM)/L, 5 h/day) exposures elicited robust cellular and molecular inflammatory responses in the lung with 1466 differentially expressed pulmonary genes (p < 0.01) in normal weight animals and a much-attenuated response (463 genes) in the hearts of the same animals. In contrast, exposures to SS smoke (85 ?g WTPM/L) with a CO concentration equivalent to that of MS smoke (250 CO ppm) induced a weak pulmonary response (328 genes) but an extensive cardiac response (1590 genes). SS smoke and to a lesser extent MS smoke preferentially elicited hypoxia- and stress-responsive genes as well as genes predicting early changes of vascular smooth muscle and endothelium, precursors of cardiovascular disease. The most sensitive smoke-induced cardiac transcriptional changes of normal weight mice were largely absent in DIO mice after smoke exposure, while genes involved in fatty acid utilization were unaffected. At the same time, smoke exposure suppressed multiple proteome maintenance genes induced in the hearts of DIO mice. Together, these results underscore the sensitivity of the heart to SS smoke and reveal adaptive responses in healthy individuals that are absent in the setting of high fat diet and obesity.

Tilton, Susan C.; Karin, Norman J.; Webb-Robertson, Bobbie-Jo M.; Waters, Katrina M.; Mikheev, Vladimir B.; Lee, K. M.; Corley, Richard A.; Pounds, Joel G.; Bigelow, Diana J.

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Adaptive Medical Information Delivery Combining User, Task and Situation Models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

., in their model for adaptive hypermedia AHAM [2], distinguish content­adaptation from link­ adaptation

139

Introduction Adaptive LBM Realistic computations Conclusions A block-structured parallel adaptive Lattice-Boltzmann  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lattice-Boltzmann method for rotating geometries Ralf Deiterding & Stephen Wood+ Deutsches Zentrum f Conclusions Outline Introduction AMROC software Adaptive LBM Lattice Boltzmann method Structured adaptive mesh Introduction AMROC software Adaptive LBM Lattice Boltzmann method Structured adaptive mesh refinement

Deiterding, Ralf

140

Adaptation, Learning, and Optimization over  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Adaptation, Learning, and Optimization over Networks Ali H. Sayed University of California at Los 2014 A. H. Sayed DOI: 10.1561/2200000051 Adaptation, Learning, and Optimization over Networks Ali H . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 1.6 Notation and Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 2 Optimization by Single Agents

California at Los Angeles, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "induced adaptive response" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Organizational Adaptation Kathleen M. Carley  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-humans. For example, they suggest that organizational learning resides not just in the minds of the personnel withinOrganizational Adaptation Kathleen M. Carley Dept. of Social and Decision Sciences Carnegie Mellon: Kathleen M. Carley, 1998, "Organizational Adaptation." Annals of Operations Research. 75: 25-47. #12

Sadeh, Norman M.

142

E-Print Network 3.0 - antioxidant response element-mediated Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

brake fern (Pteris vittata L.) upon... adaptive biochemical responses such as production of antioxidant ... Source: Ma, Lena - Soil and Water Science Department, University...

143

Protein phosphorylation and regulation of adaptive responses in bacteria.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...a domain which is highly conserved in a large family of bacterial regulatory proteins...Escherichia coli. Sequence identification of the large subunit gene. FEBS Lett. 177:260-264...Kielland-Brandt, and G. R. Fink. 1986. Yeast plasma membrane ATPase is essential for growth...

J B Stock; A J Ninfa; A M Stock

1989-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

The AROUND project: Adapting robotic disaster response to developing countries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reduction (WCDR) [20] stresses this necessity in points no 89 ("Advanced technologies for disaster reduction hazards. As a consequence, in cities like Hanoi, not only are disasters (floods, storms, cyclones, fires

Boyer, Edmond

145

Adaptive Response Surface Method Using Inherited Latin Hypercube Design Points  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ARSM is tested using a group of standard test problems and then applied to an engineering design problem. In both testing and design application, significant improvement in the efficiency of ARSM and positive results have been achieved. Besides CCD, alphabetical optimal designs, especially D

Wang, Gaofeng Gary

146

Automated Grid Disruption Response System: Robust Adaptive Topology Control (RATC)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

GENI Project: The RATC research team is using topology control as a mechanism to improve system operations and manage disruptions within the electric grid. The grid is subject to interruption from cascading faults caused by extreme operating conditions, malicious external attacks, and intermittent electricity generation from renewable energy sources. The RATC system is capable of detecting, classifying, and responding to grid disturbances by reconfiguring the grid in order to maintain economically efficient operations while guaranteeing reliability. The RATC system would help prevent future power outages, which account for roughly $80 billion in losses for businesses and consumers each year. Minimizing the time it takes for the grid to respond to expensive interruptions will also make it easier to integrate intermittent renewable energy sources into the grid.

None

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Plant Response to Stress: Biochemical Adaptations to Phosphate Deficiency  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, the world's reserves of rock Pi (mined for production of Pi fertilizers) are expected to be depleted within. In return, the host plant supplies sucrose to fuel the energy demands of the mycorrhizal symbiont Science DOI: 10.1081/E-EPCS 120010648 Copyright D 2004 by Marcel Dekker, Inc. All rights reserved. #12

Plaxton, William

148

Adaptable architecture : a computational exploration into responsive design systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Based on the fact that architecture is, among other things, the crystallization of a mediation among design intentions (function), meaning and contextual constraints (performance), we as designers are obligated to produce ...

Zulas, Alejandro, 1976-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Responsive Web and Adaptive Web for Open and Ubiquitous Learning  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Online educational processes make use of different tools and platforms through which learning resources can be shared. Nowadays mobile platforms are gaining momentum and learners can experience mobile ubiquitous ...

Marco Mercurio; Ilaria Torre; Simone Torsani

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

African Adaptation Programme | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Adaptation Programme Adaptation Programme Jump to: navigation, search Logo: African Adaptations Programme Name African Adaptations Programme Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Development Programme, Government of Japan Topics Adaptation, Finance, Implementation, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.undp-adaptation.org References AAP[1] Overview "UNDP, with funding from the Government of Japan, recently launched a new programme that uses an innovative approach to climate change adaptation in Africa. Under this programme, UNDP will assist 21 African countries in implementing integrated and comprehensive adaptation actions and resilience plans. The projects will ensure that national development processes incorporate climate change risks and opportunities to secure development gains under a

151

Adaptive Materials Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Michigan Zip: MI 48108 Product: Adaptive Materials Inc (AMI) is a developer of portable fuel cell technology. References: Adaptive Materials Inc1 This article is a stub. You...

152

Energy Efficiency Limits of Load Adaptive Networks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Based on traffic models the energy consumption of adaptive networks is compared to networks with constant power consumption. The results show that adaptive network resource...

Lange, Christoph; Gladisch, Andreas

153

Management Responsibilities  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Management Responsibilities Management Responsibilities Depleted UF6 Management Responsibilities DOE has responsibility for safe and efficient management of approximately 700,000 metric tons of depleted UF6. Organizational Responsibilities In the United States, the U.S. Department of Energy is responsible for managing all the depleted uranium that has been generated by the government and has been declared surplus to national defense needs. In addition, as a result of two memoranda of agreement that have been signed between the DOE and USEC, the DOE has assumed management responsibility for approximately 145,000 metric tons of depleted UF6 that has been or will be generated by USEC. Any additional depleted UF6 that USEC generates will be USEC's responsibility to manage. DOE Management Responsibility

154

WeADAPT | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

WeADAPT WeADAPT Jump to: navigation, search Name WeADAPT Agency/Company /Organization weADAPT Sector Energy, Land, Water, Climate Resource Type Training materials, Lessons learned/best practices Website http://www.weadapt.org/ References weADAPT[1] "weADAPT.org is an online 'open space' on climate adaptation issues (including the synergies between adaptation and mitigation) which allows practitioners, researchers and policy makers to access credible, high quality information and to share experiences and lessons learnt with the weADAPT community. It is designed to facilitate learning, exchange, collaboration and knowledge integration to build a professional community of practice on adaptation issues while developing policy-relevant tools and guidance for adaptation planning and decision-making.

155

AfricaAdapt | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AfricaAdapt AfricaAdapt Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Africa Adapt Name Africa Adapt Agency/Company /Organization AfricaAdapt Resource Type Training materials, Lessons learned/best practices Website http://www.africa-adapt.net/AA UN Region Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa References AfricaAdapt[1] Abstract AfricaAdapt is an independent bilingual network (French/English) focused exclusively on Africa. The Network's aim is to facilitate the flow of climate change adaptation knowledge for sustainable livelihoods between researchers, policy makers, civil society organisations and communities who are vulnerable to climate variability and change across the continent. Africa Adapt Screenshot "AfricaAdapt is an independent bilingual network (French/English) focused

156

Regulatory Response to Carbon Starvation in Caulobacter crescentus  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Bacteria adapt to shifts from rapid to slow growth, and have developed strategies for long-term survival during prolonged starvation and stress conditions. We report the regulatory response of C. crescentus to carbon starvation, based on combined high-throughput proteome and transcriptome analyses. Our results identify cell cycle changes in gene expression in response to carbon starvation that involve the prominent role of the FixK FNR/CAP family transcription factor and the CtrA cell cycle regulator. Notably, the SigT ECF sigma factor mediates the carbon starvation-induced degradation of CtrA, while activating a core set of general starvation-stress genes that respond to carbon starvation, osmotic stress, and exposure to heavy metals. Comparison of the response of swarmer cells and stalked cells to carbon starvation revealed four groups of genes that exhibit different expression profiles. Also, cell pole morphogenesis and initiation of chromosome replication normally occurring at the swarmer-to-stalked cell transition are uncoupled in carbon-starved cells.

Britos, Leticia C.; Abeliuk, Eduardo; Taverner, Thomas; Lipton, Mary S.; McAdams, Harley; Shapiro, Lucy

2011-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

157

Wind-induced dynamic response of bridges  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wind loading has long played a significant role in bridge design. Some spectacular failures, such as the Tay Bridge (Scotland, 1879), or the Tacoma Narrows Bridge (Washington State, 1940) acted as a painful reminder to ...

Rousseau, Guillaume, 1982-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Impedance response to induced epileptiform discharges  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Probe Schematic. 16 Pigure 2. Impedance Measurement System. . 18 Figure 3. Output Current Waveform. . 19 Figure 4. Distribution of Potential Field. . 20 Figure 5. Plot of Resistivity vs. Impedance. . . . . . 31 Figure 6. First Session (Baseline) EEG... of the typical scalp EEGs recorded in this study. 1! i! hI Figure 6. First Session (Baseline) EEG (10 mcV/div, 2 div/sec) The second session recordings show similar patterns in all cats. At approximately I& hours after the penicillin injection, sharp spik...

Gerber, Terry Lynn

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

159

Fire-induced growth responses of huisache  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and February or April 1980 on the Welder Wildlife Refuge near Sinton, Texas. Date burned Burning duration (sec) Relative humidity Air temp. (c ) Wind speed (m/sec) Wind. direction? Sky condition? June 15, 1979 Aug. 15, 1979 Oct. 11, 1979 Dec..., and February or April 1980 on the Welder Wildlife Refuge near Sinton, Texas. Date burned Burning duration (sec) Relative humidity Air temp. (c ) Wind speed (m/sec) Wind. direction? Sky condition? June 15, 1979 Aug. 15, 1979 Oct. 11, 1979 Dec...

Rasmussen, George Allen

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

160

Autonomous adaptive acoustic relay positioning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider the problem of maximizing underwater acoustic data transmission by adaptively positioning an autonomous mobile relay so as to learn and exploit spatial variations in channel performance. The acoustic channel ...

Cheung, Mei Yi, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "induced adaptive response" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Adaptive and Temporallydependent Document Filtering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Adaptive and Temporally­dependent Document Filtering een wetenschappelijke proeve op het gebied van . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1.2 Document Filtering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 1.3 Filtering Filtering Track 57 5.1 What is TREC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57 5

Arampatzis, Avi

162

Adaptive multiconfigurational wave functions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A method is suggested to build simple multiconfigurational wave functions specified uniquely by an energy cutoff ?. These are constructed from a model space containing determinants with energy relative to that of the most stable determinant no greater than ?. The resulting ?-CI wave function is adaptive, being able to represent both single-reference and multireference electronic states. We also consider a more compact wave function parameterization (?+SD-CI), which is based on a small ?-CI reference and adds a selection of all the singly and doubly excited determinants generated from it. We report two heuristic algorithms to build ?-CI wave functions. The first is based on an approximate prescreening of the full configuration interaction space, while the second performs a breadth-first search coupled with pruning. The ?-CI and ?+SD-CI approaches are used to compute the dissociation curve of N{sub 2} and the potential energy curves for the first three singlet states of C{sub 2}. Special attention is paid to the issue of energy discontinuities caused by changes in the size of the ?-CI wave function along the potential energy curve. This problem is shown to be solvable by smoothing the matrix elements of the Hamiltonian. Our last example, involving the Cu{sub 2}O{sub 2}{sup 2+} core, illustrates an alternative use of the ?-CI method: as a tool to both estimate the multireference character of a wave function and to create a compact model space to be used in subsequent high-level multireference coupled cluster computations.

Evangelista, Francesco A., E-mail: francesco.evangelista@emory.edu [Department of Chemistry and Cherry L. Emerson Center for Scientific Computation, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322 (United States)

2014-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

163

Electricity Markets Meet the Home through Demand Response Lazaros Gkatzikis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electricity Markets Meet the Home through Demand Response Lazaros Gkatzikis CERTH, University Hegde, Laurent Massouli´e Technicolor Paris Research Lab Paris, France Abstract-- Demand response (DR the alternative option of dynamic demand adaptation. In this direction, demand response (DR) programs provide

164

A Strategy to Engage the Private Sector in Climate Change Adaptation in  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Strategy to Engage the Private Sector in Climate Change Adaptation in Strategy to Engage the Private Sector in Climate Change Adaptation in Bangladesh Jump to: navigation, search Name A Strategy to Engage the Private Sector in Climate Change Adaptation in Bangladesh Agency/Company /Organization Asian Development Bank, World Bank Topics Adaptation, Finance, Implementation Website http://prod-http-80-800498448. Country Bangladesh UN Region South-Eastern Asia References A Strategy to Engage the Private Sector in Climate Change Adaptation in Bangladesh[1] Overview "There is a growing scientific consensus on the impact of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions on global warming as well agreement that it is causing increased weather volatility with the effects increasing in intensity in coming years. Warming may induce sudden shifts in regional weather patterns

165

Molecular Pathways: BRAF Induces Bioenergetic Adaptation by Attenuating Oxidative Phosphorylation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...will result in an energy deficiency that...with concomitant conversion of ADP to ATP...central role in energy metabolism, NAD...surface area dosage conversion factor (65), this hu...4079 TUMOR CELL ENERGY MODULATION i...

Rizwan Haq; David E. Fisher; and Hans R. Widlund

2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Molecular Pathways: BRAF Induces Bioenergetic Adaptation by Attenuating Oxidative Phosphorylation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...their metabolism to balance energy production with their augmented...insights toward developing sustainable treatment against BRAF-mutant...quintessential nutrient for energy production (Fig. 1). Metabolic...water (H2O), and chemical energy. The released chemical energy...

Rizwan Haq; David E. Fisher; and Hans R. Widlund

2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Mutations in Global Regulators Lead to Metabolic Selection during Adaptation to Complex Environments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Adaptation to ecologically complex environments can provide insights into the evolutionary dynamics and functional constraints encountered by organisms during natural selection. Unlike adaptation to a single limiting resource, adaptation to a new environment with abundant and varied resources can be difficult to achieve by small incremental changes since many mutations are required to achieve even modest gains in fitness. Since changing complex environments are quite common in nature, we investigated how such an epistatic bottleneck can be avoided to allow rapid adaptation. We show that adaptive mutations arise repeatedly in independently evolved populations in the context of greatly increased genetic and phenotypic diversity. We go on to show that weak selection requiring substantial metabolic reprogramming can be readily achieved by mutations in the global response regulator arcA and the stress response regulator rpoS. We identified 46 unique single-nucleotide variants of arcA and 18 mutations in rpoS, nine of which resulted in stop codons or large deletions, suggesting that a subtle modulation of ArcA function and knockouts of rpoS are largely responsible for the metabolic shifts leading to adaptation. These mutations allow a higher order metabolic selection that eliminates epistatic bottlenecks, which could occur when many changes would be required. Proteomic and carbohydrate analysis of adapting E. coli populations revealed an up-regulation of enzymes associated with the TCA cycle and amino acid metabolism and an increase in the secretion of putrescine. The overall effect of adaptation across populations is to redirect and efficiently utilize uptake and catabolism of abundant amino acids. Concomitantly, there is a pronounced spread of more ecologically limited strains that results from specialization through metabolic erosion. Remarkably, the global regulators arcA and rpoS can provide a one-step mechanism of adaptation to a novel environment, which highlights the importance of global resource management as a powerful strategy to adaptation.

Saxer, Gerda; Krepps, Michael D.; Merkley, Eric D.; Ansong, Charles; Kaiser, Brooke LD; Valovska, Marie-Thrse; Ristic, Nikola; Yeh, Ping T.; Prakash, Vittal; Leiser, Owen P.; Nakhleh, Luay; Gibbons, Henry S.; Kreuzer, Helen W.; Shamoo, Yousif

2014-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

168

Regional Water Management: Adapting to Uncertain Water  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Regional Water Management: Adapting to Uncertain Water Supply and Demand Jim Schneider, Ph · How Nebraska manages water · Dealing with uncertain water supplies: adaptive management #12;Regional-wide, systematic approach · Flexible--Adaptive Management Adaptive Manageme nt #12;Integrated Water Management

Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

169

Low Dose Radiation Research Program: Genetic Control of Repair and Adaptive  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Repair and Adaptive Responses to Low-level DNA Damage Repair and Adaptive Responses to Low-level DNA Damage James E. Haber Brandeis University Why This Project In order to fully understand mechanisms resulting in effects of low dose, whole system rather than cells must be examined. Although not identical to mammalian systems, simple systems usually have many similarities and give direction for further study of more complex systems. We use the budding yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, as a model system because it is easy to manipulate and its genome is simple and well characterized. Project Goals Examine mechanisms and effects of low dose radiation response for: Genetic recombination mechanisms that lead to genomic instability Genetic factors that affect individual susceptibility to low-dose radiation The adaptive response

170

E-Print Network 3.0 - affects jasmonate responses Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

4 Gene expression in leaves of Theobroma cacao in response to mechanical wounding, ethylene, andor methyl jasmonate Summary: ethylene induced responses but did not block...

171

Training Adaptive Decision-Making.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Adaptive Thinking has been defined here as the capacity to recognize when a course of action that may have previously been effective is no longer effective and there is need to adjust strategy. Research was undertaken with human test subjects to identify the factors that contribute to adaptive thinking. It was discovered that those most effective in settings that call for adaptive thinking tend to possess a superior capacity to quickly and effectively generate possible courses of action, as measured using the Category Generation test. Software developed for this research has been applied to develop capabilities enabling analysts to identify crucial factors that are predictive of outcomes in fore-on-force simulation exercises.

Abbott, Robert G.; Forsythe, James C.

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

BC Agriculture Climate Change Adaptation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BC Agriculture Climate Change Adaptation Risk + Opportunity Assessment Provincial Report #12;published March 2012 by the British Columbia Agriculture & Food Climate Action Initiative www.BCAgClimateAction.ca project funding provided by Agriculture and Agri-food Canada BC Ministry of Agriculture BC Ministry

Pedersen, Tom

173

BC Agriculture Climate Change Adaptation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BC Agriculture Climate Change Adaptation Risk + Opportunity Assessment Provincial Report executive summary #12;published March 2012 by the British Columbia Agriculture & Food Climate Action Initiative www.BCAgClimateAction.ca project funding provided by Agriculture and Agri-food Canada BC Ministry of Agriculture BC Ministry

Pedersen, Tom

174

Adaptive wiener image restoration kernel  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and device for restoration of electro-optical image data using an adaptive Wiener filter begins with constructing imaging system Optical Transfer Function, and the Fourier Transformations of the noise and the image. A spatial representation of the imaged object is restored by spatial convolution of the image using a Wiener restoration kernel.

Yuan, Ding (Henderson, NV)

2007-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

175

7, 72357275, 2007 Adaptive radiative  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Discussions Two adaptive radiative transfer schemes for numerical weather prediction models V. Venema 1 , A numerical weather prediction (NWP) and climate models. The atmosphere and the land surface are complex-stream approximation. In most weather prediction models these parameterisation schemes are therefore called infre

Boyer, Edmond

176

Investigating Intrusiveness of Workload Adaptation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, we investigate how an automatic task assistant which can detect and react to a user's workload level is able to support the user in a complex, dynamic task. In a user study, we design a dispatcher scenario with low and high workload conditions ... Keywords: brain computer interface, intrusiveness, user study, workload adaptive assistance

Felix Putze, Tanja Schultz

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Climate Change Adaptation Planning | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Change Adaptation Planning Climate Change Adaptation Planning October 7, 2014 6:00AM CDT to October 9, 2014 3:00PM CDT Norman, Oklahoma This course provides an introduction to...

178

Changes in the Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma Nuclear Proteome Induced by the EBNA1 Protein of Epstein-Barr Virus Reveal Potential Roles for EBNA1 in Metastasis and Oxidative Stress Responses  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...1 January 2012 research-article Transformation...Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma Nuclear Proteome Induced...from the Canada Research Chairs program. REFERENCES 1...Institutes of Health Research Canada | 0 EBV-encoded nuclear antigen 1 0 Epstein-Barr...

Jennifer Yinuo Cao; Sheila Mansouri; Lori Frappier

2011-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

179

E-Print Network 3.0 - adaptive systems Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

adaptive systems Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 From Adaptive Hypermedia to the Adaptive Web Systems Summary: 1 From Adaptive Hypermedia to the Adaptive Web Systems Peter...

180

Brief Supervision of adaptive control algorithms  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An adaptive controller needs supervisory functions in order to function well in an industrial environment. This paper describes these needs, and provides examples of supervisory functions that presently are used in industrial adaptive controllers. These ... Keywords: Adaptive control, Detection, Industrial control, Supervision

Tore HGglund; Karl Johan StrM

2000-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "induced adaptive response" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Entropy Adaptive On-Line Compression  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Self-Organization is based on adaptivity. Adaptivity should start with the very basic fundamental communication tasks such as encoding the information to be transmitted or stored. Obviously, the less signal transmitted the less energy in transmission ... Keywords: On-line compression, adaptive compression

Shlomi Dolev, Sergey Frenkel, Marina Kopeetsky

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Perceived community-based flood adaptation strategies under climate change in Nepal  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Climate induced natural disasters and extreme events are escalating with the increased variability of climatic parameters due to climate change. This study assesses the flood adaptation strategies that are applicable at the community level in two Terai districts of Nepal. The data were collected through three focus group discussions and 210 household surveys. The study revealed that flood forecasting practices at community level included monitoring the extent of rainfall in upper catchments and identifying the position of clouds. 'Initiate communication', 'take care the affected people', and 'select the appropriate location to stay' were most preferred strategies during the flood. Similarly, 'exchanging helps with each other', 'preparing temporary settlement plan' and 'co-ordinating with government and other agencies' are most preferred post-flood adaptation strategies. Identification and assessment of locally-relevant flood adaptation strategies will help governments to choose adaptation strategies that are both effective and preferred by local people in vulnerable communities.

Rohini Prasad Devkota; Geoff Cockfield; Tek Narayan Maraseni

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Genetic shift in photoperiodic response correlated with global warming  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Genetic shift in photoperiodic response correlated with global warming William E. Bradshaw observed in insects, birds, amphibians, and plants associated with global warm- ing during the latter half- tent with an adaptive evolutionary response to recent global warming. The latter half of the 20th

Cochran-Stafira, D. Liane

184

Adaptive Comfort Model: Simulations & Future Directions  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Adaptive Comfort Model: Simulations & Future Directions Adaptive Comfort Model: Simulations & Future Directions Speaker(s): Richard de Dear Date: February 4, 2011 - 12:00pm Location: 90-4133 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Philip Haves The last 20 years of thermal comfort have witnessed a shift away from the "static" approach (exemplified by the PMV/PPD model) towards the adaptive approach (exemplified by the adaptive models in ASHRAE's Standard 55 (2004, 2010) and the European Union's counterpart standard, EN15251 (2007). - the basis and derivation of the adaptive comfort model - adaptive comfort standards (ASHRAE 55 and EN15251) - new developments and directions (reporting back from the January 2011 ASHRAE Meeting of SSPC-55 in Las Vegas) - environmental variables other than dry bulb, in the adaptive model

185

Center for Adaptive Optics* Santa Cruz,CA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Center for Adaptive Optics* Santa Cruz,CA The Center for Adaptive Optics (CfAO) will concentrate on astronomical and vision science applications of adaptive optics and will reach out to other adaptive optics communities to share technologies. It will develop new instruments optimized for adaptive optics. Adaptive

Grether, Gregory

186

An adaptive crystal bender for high power synchrotron radiation beams  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Perfect crystal monochromators cannot diffract x-rays efficiently, nor transmit the high source brightness available at synchrotron radiation facilities, unless surface strains within the beam footprint are maintained within a few arcseconds. Insertion devices at existing synchrotron sources already produce x-ray power density levels that can induce surface slope errors of several arcseconds on silicon monochromator crystals at room temperature, no matter how well the crystal is cooled. The power density levels that will be produced by insertion devices at the third-generation sources will be as much as a factor of 100 higher still. One method of restoring ideal x-ray diffraction behavior, while coping with high power levels, involves adaptive compensation of the induced thermal strain field. The design and performance, using the X25 hybrid wiggler beam line at the National Synchrotron Light Source (NSLS), of a silicon crystal bender constructed for this purpose are described.

Berman, L.E.; Hastings, J.B.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

An adaptive crystal bender for high power synchrotron radiation beams  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Perfect crystal monochromators cannot diffract x-rays efficiently, nor transmit the high source brightness available at synchrotron radiation facilities, unless surface strains within the beam footprint are maintained within a few arcseconds. Insertion devices at existing synchrotron sources already produce x-ray power density levels that can induce surface slope errors of several arcseconds on silicon monochromator crystals at room temperature, no matter how well the crystal is cooled. The power density levels that will be produced by insertion devices at the third-generation sources will be as much as a factor of 100 higher still. One method of restoring ideal x-ray diffraction behavior, while coping with high power levels, involves adaptive compensation of the induced thermal strain field. The design and performance, using the X25 hybrid wiggler beam line at the National Synchrotron Light Source (NSLS), of a silicon crystal bender constructed for this purpose are described.

Berman, L.E.; Hastings, J.B.

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Cellular responses to environmental DNA damage  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This volume contains the proceedings of the conference entitled Cellular Responses to Environmental DNA Damage held in Banff,Alberta December 1--6, 1991. The conference addresses various aspects of DNA repair in sessions titled DNA repair; Basic Mechanisms; Lesions; Systems; Inducible Responses; Mutagenesis; Human Population Response Heterogeneity; Intragenomic DNA Repair Heterogeneity; DNA Repair Gene Cloning; Aging; Human Genetic Disease; and Carcinogenesis. Individual papers are represented as abstracts of about one page in length.

Not Available

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Issues in adaptive mesh refinement  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper, we present an approach for a patch-based adaptive mesh refinement (AMR) for multi-physics simulations. The approach consists of clustering, symmetry preserving, mesh continuity, flux correction, communications, and management of patches. Among the special features of this patch-based AMR are symmetry preserving, efficiency of refinement, special implementation offlux correction, and patch management in parallel computing environments. Here, higher efficiency of refinement means less unnecessarily refined cells for a given set of cells to be refined. To demonstrate the capability of the AMR framework, hydrodynamics simulations with many levels of refinement are shown in both two- and three-dimensions.

Dai, William Wenlong [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Adaptive management: a paradigm for remediation of public facilities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Public facility restoration planning traditionally focused on response to natural disasters and hazardous materials accidental releases. These plans now need to integrate response to terrorist actions. Therefore, plans must address a wide range of potential vulnerabilities. Similar types of broad remediation planning are needed for restoration of waste and hazardous material handling areas and facilities. There are strong similarities in damage results and remediation activities between unintentional and terrorist actions; however, the uncertainties associated with terrorist actions result in a re-evaluation of approaches to planning. Restoration of public facilities following a release of a hazardous material is inherently far more complex than in confined industrial settings and has many unique technical, economic, social, and political challenges. Therefore, they arguably involve a superset of drivers, concerns and public agencies compared to other restoration efforts. This superset of conditions increases complexity of interactions, reduces our knowledge of the initial conditions, and even condenses the timeline for restoration response. Therefore, evaluations of alternative restoration management approaches developed for responding to terrorist actions provide useful knowledge for large, complex waste management projects. Whereas present planning documents have substantial linearity in their organization, the 'adaptive management' paradigm provides a constructive parallel operations paradigm for restoration of facilities that anticipates and plans for uncertainty, multiple/simUltaneous public agency actions, and stakeholder participation. Adaptive management grew out of the need to manage and restore natural resources in highly complex and changing environments with limited knowledge about causal relationships and responses to restoration actions. Similarities between natural resource management and restoration of a facility and surrounding area(s) after a disruptive event suggest numerous advantages over preset linearly-structured plans by incorporating the flexibility and overlap of processes inherent in effective facility restoration. We discuss three restoration case studies (e.g., the Hart Senate Office Building anthrax restoration, Rocky Flats actinide remediation, and hurricane destruction restoration), that implement aspects of adaptive management but not a formal approach. We propose that more formal adoption of adaptive management principles could be a basis for more flexible standards to improve site-specific remediation plans under conditions of high uncertainty.

Janecky, David R [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Whicker, Jeffrey J [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Doerr, Ted B [NON LANL

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Response Elements  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

The Guide provides acceptable methods for meeting the requirement of DOE O 151.1C for response elements that respond or contribute to response as needed in an emergency. Cancels DOE G 151.1-1, Volume 3-1, DOE G 151.1-1, Volume 3-2, DOE G 151.1-1, Volume 3-3, DOE G 151.1-1, Volume 3-4, DOE G 151.1-1, Volume 4-1, DOE G 151.1-1, Volume 4-2, DOE G 151.1-1, Volume 4-3, DOE G 151.1-1, Volume 4-4, DOE G 151.1-1, Volume 4-5, and DOE G 151.1-1, Volume 4-6.

2007-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

192

Adaptive Robust Control of Programmable Valves with Manufacturer Supplied Flow Mapping Only  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and final tracking accuracy. In addition, real-time adaptation is used to reduce the degree of modelling-in and meter-out orifices [2], [3], [4] through valves number 1,2 and 4,5; and ii) enabling the precise control is the significant modelling error. The cartridge valves are of fast response and low cost but low accuracy

Yao, Bin

193

An Adaptive Cartesian Detonation Solver for Fluid-Structure Interaction Simulation on Distributed Memory Computers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An Adaptive Cartesian Detonation Solver for Fluid-Structure Interaction Simulation on Distributed shock and detonation waves impinging on deforming solid structures benefit significantly from) for studying the three- dimensional dynamic response of solid materials subject to strong shock and detonation

194

Climate Change Adaptation New Perspectives for Natural Resource Management and Conservation1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Climate Change Adaptation New Perspectives for Natural Resource Management and Conservation1 Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences February 2012 A Changing Climate for Conservation Climate change species of plants and animals are already shifting their distributions in response to climate change

Mazzotti, Frank

195

Forecasting with adaptive extended exponential smoothing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Much of product level forecasting is based upon time series techniques. However, traditional time series forecasting techniques have offered either smoothing constant adaptability or consideration of various t...

John T. Mentzer Ph.D.

196

ChapterTitle ADAPTIVE EXPONENTIAL SMOOTHING  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The single exponential smoothing forecasting model requires the specification of a ... ?, which determines the degree of model smoothing. Proper selection of the coefficient ? is...adaptive exponential smoothing,...

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Training for Climate Adaptation in Conservation  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Wildlife Conservation Society and the Northern Institute of Applied Climate Science are hosting this two-day training for climate adaptation.

198

Assessing Climate Change Impacts, Vulnerability and Adaptation...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

The Case of Pantabangan-Carranglan Watershed Jump to: navigation, search Name Assessing Climate Change Impacts, Vulnerability and Adaptation: The Case of Pantabangan-Carranglan...

199

Mainstreaming Climate Change Adaptation into Development Planning...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Practitioners Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Mainstreaming Climate Change Adaptation into Development Planning: A Guide for Practitioners Agency...

200

Machine Learning for Adaptive Computer Game Opponents .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This thesis investigates the use of machine learning techniques in computer games to create a computer player that adapts to its opponent's game-play. This includes (more)

Miles, Jonathan David

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "induced adaptive response" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Adaptive Barrier Strategies for Nonlinear Interior Methods  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Feb 25, 2005 ... that adaptive choices, such as Mehrotra's probing procedure, outperform ... focus on the effects of merit functions or filters, and on regularization...

2005-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

202

Crosscutting Subsurface Initiative: Adaptive Control of Subsurface...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

in the ability to access, characterize, predict, and adaptively manipulate fracture and flow processes over scales from nanometers to kilometers. This town hall...

203

2014 DOE Climate Change Adaptation Plan  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

systems face increasing risks from shifting disease vectors, temperature increases and health care system infrastructure from a changing climate DOE Climate Change Adaptation...

204

Promoting a functional and comparative understanding of the conifer genome- implementing applied aspects for more productive and adapted forests (ProCoGen)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the midst of a climatic change scenario, the genetics of adaptive response in conifers becomes essential to ensure a sustainable management of genetic resources and an effective breeding. Conifers are the targ...

Carmen Daz-Sala; Teresa Cervera

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

EOLSS ADAPTATIONS TO LIFE IN MARINE CAVES PAGE 1 ADAPTATIONS TO LIFE IN MARINE CAVES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EOLSS ­ ADAPTATIONS TO LIFE IN MARINE CAVES PAGE 1 ADAPTATIONS TO LIFE IN MARINE CAVES Thomas M. Iliffe, Department of Marine Biology, Texas A&M University at Galveston, USA Renée E. Bishop, Department, biodiversity, ecology, adaptation, evolution, behavior, conservation, endangered species, cave diving

Iliffe, Thomas M.

206

Rights-based evaluation of government responses to a given 'natural' disaster : Katrina as case study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Disaster impacts human mobility and a rights-based approach to disaster response is needed to protect the human rights of those who seek migration as an adaptation strategy. This paper deals with returning to a place after ...

Haeffner, Melissa (Melissa Ann)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Adaptive Port Reduction in Static Condensation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Adaptive Port Reduction in Static Condensation JL Eftang DBP Huynh DJ Knezevic EM Rønquist a framework for adaptive reduction of the degrees of freedom associated with ports in static condensation (SC reduction for the interior of a component with model order reduction on the ports in order to rapidly

Rønquist, Einar M.

208

Adaptive Composite Map Projections Bernhard Jenny  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Adaptive Composite Map Projections Bernhard Jenny Abstract--All major web mapping services use.The proposed composite map projection combines several projections that are recommended in cartographic.The composite projection adapts the maps geometry to scale, to the maps height-to-width ratio

Jenny, Bernhard

209

Outreach and Adaptive Strategies for Climate Change  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Outreach and Adaptive Strategies for Climate Change: The Role of NOAA Sea Grant Extension years and generations about how to adapt to a changing climate. Effective preparation for possible effects of climate change includes engagement of resource managers, planners, public works officials

210

A fuzzy-tuned adaptive Kalman filter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, fuzzy processing is applied to the adaptive Kalman filter. The filter gain coefficients are adapted over a 50 dB range of unknown signal/noise dynamics, using fuzzy membership functions. Specific simulation results are shown for a...

Painter, John H.; Young Hwan Lho

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

WORKLOAD ADAPTATION IN AUTONOMIC DATABASE MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in Autonomic DBMSs", Proceedings of the 2nd International Workshop on Self-Managing Database Systems (SMDB 2007 to meet its Service Level Objectives (SLOs). It is a challenge to adapt multiple workloads with complex scheduler that performs workload adaptation in a DBMS, as the test bed to prove the effectiveness

212

Proceedings of the International Workshop on Adaptation,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Proceedings of the 1st International Workshop on Adaptation, Personalization and REcommendation. Carrero3 1 Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Spain {ivan.cantador, david.vallet}@uam.es 2 Yahoo! Research.carrero}@uem.es #12;#12;Preface The 1st International Workshop on Adaptation, Personalization and REcommendation

Cantador, Iván

213

Adaptive computations on conforming quadtree meshes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, the quadtree data structure and conforming polygonal interpolants are used to develop an h-adaptive finite element method. Quadtree is a hierarchical data structure that is computationally attractive for adaptive numerical simulations. ... Keywords: Barycentric coordinates, Hanging nodes, Laplace interpolant, Meshfree methods, Natural neighbors, Quadtree data structure

A. Tabarraei; N. Sukumar

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Safety implementation of adaptive embedded control components  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The paper deals with dynamic reconfigurations of component-based adaptive embedded control systems to be automatically handled at run-time by intelligent agents. We define a Control Component as a software unit supporting control tasks of the system ... Keywords: adaptive embedded control system, dynamic reconfiguration, intelligent agent, semaphore, software control component

Atef Gharbi; Mohamed Khalgui; Samir Ben Ahmed

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Adaptive performance support for fault diagnosis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper introduces a strategy, a user model, and a methodology for utilising adaptive hypermedia in performance support domain and specifically for fault diagnosis. This utilisation is implemented by employing task-specific and user-centred hypermedia ... Keywords: adaptive hypermedia, diagnostic expert systems, performance support systems, semantic data modelling, user modelling

Ammar M. Huneiti

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Demand Response and Open Automated Demand Response  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LBNL-3047E Demand Response and Open Automated Demand Response Opportunities for Data Centers G described in this report was coordinated by the Demand Response Research Center and funded by the California. Demand Response and Open Automated Demand Response Opportunities for Data Centers. California Energy

217

Adapting to health impacts of climate change: a study of UNFCCC Annex I  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Adapting to the health effects of climate change is one of the key challenges facing public health this century. Our knowledge of progress on adaptation, however, remains in its infancy. Using the Fifth National Communications of Annex I parties to the UNFCCC, 1912 initiatives are systematically identified and analyzed. 80% of the actions identified consist of groundwork (i.e.preparatory) action, with only 20% constituting tangible adaptations. No health vulnerability was recognized by all 38 Annex I countries. Furthermore, while all initiatives affect at least one health vulnerability, only 15% had an explicit human health component. Consideration for the special needs of vulnerable groups is uneven and underdeveloped. Climate change is directly motivating 71% of groundwork actions, and 61% of adaptation initiatives are being mainstreamed into existing institutions or programs. We conclude that the adaptation responses to the health risks of climate change remain piecemeal. Policymakers in the health sector must engage with stakeholders to implement adaptation that considers how climate change will impact the health of each segment of the population, particularly within those groups already considered most vulnerable to poor health outcomes.

A C Lesnikowski; J D Ford; L Berrang-Ford; J A Paterson; M Barrera; S J Heymann

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Dangerous climate change and the importance of adaptation for the Arctic's Inuit  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Arctic's climate is changing rapidly, to the extent that 'dangerous' climate change as defined by the United Nations Framework on Climate Change might already be occurring. These changes are having implications for the Arctic's Inuit population and are being exacerbated by the dependence of Inuit on biophysical resources for livelihoods and the low socio-economichealth status of many northern communities. Given the nature of current climate change and projections of a rapidly warming Arctic, climate policy assumes a particular importance for Inuit regions. This paper argues that efforts to stabilize and reduce greenhouse gas emissions are urgent if we are to avoid runaway climate change in the Arctic, but unlikely to prevent changes which will be dangerous for Inuit. In this context, a new policy discourse on climate change is required for Arctic regionsone that focuses on adaptation. The paper demonstrates that states with Inuit populations and the international community in general has obligations to assist Inuit to adapt to climate change through international human rights and climate change treaties. However, the adaptation deficit, in terms of what we know and what we need to know to facilitate successful adaptation, is particularly large in an Arctic context and limiting the ability to develop response options. Moreover, adaptation as an option of response to climate change is still marginal in policy negotiations and Inuit political actors have been slow to argue the need for adaptation assistance. A new focus on adaptation in both policy negotiations and scientific research is needed to enhance Inuit resilience and reduce vulnerability in a rapidly changing climate.

James D Ford

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

A Functional Interaction of the C-Abl and Heat Shock Response Pathways in  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Functional Interaction of the C-Abl and Heat Shock Response Pathways in Functional Interaction of the C-Abl and Heat Shock Response Pathways in Radio-Adaptive Response Hang Su & Zhi-Min Yuan University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio Abstract A functional interaction of the c-Abl and heat shock response pathways in radio-adaptive response Hang Su & Zhi-Min Yuan. Department of Radiation Oncology, UTHSCSA The radio-adaptive response, i.e. a low dose of radiation can protect cells and organisms from the effects of a subsequent higher dose, is a phenomenon that has been widely recognized. However, mechanisms underlying such radiation hormesis remain largely unclear. Our preliminary studies have uncovered a crucial role for the c-Abl tyrosine kinase as evidenced by that c-Abl-deficient cells exhibited a compromised

220

Petascale Adaptive Computational Fluid Dynamics | Argonne Leadership  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Petascale Adaptive Computational Fluid Dynamics Petascale Adaptive Computational Fluid Dynamics PI Name: Kenneth Jansen PI Email: jansen@rpi.edu Institution: Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute The specific aim of this request for resources is to examine scalability and robustness of our code on BG/P. We have confirmed that, during the flow solve phase, our CFD flow solver does exhibit perfect strong scaling to the full 32k cores on our local machine (CCNI-BG/L at RPI) but this will be our first access to BG/P. We are also eager to study the performance of the adaptive phase of our code. Some aspects have scaled well on BG/L (e.g., refinement has produced adaptive meshes that take a 17 million element mesh and perform local adaptivity on 16k cores to match a requested size field to produce a mesh exceeding 1 billion elements) but other aspects (e.g.,

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "induced adaptive response" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

E-Print Network 3.0 - adaptive systems theory Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

systems theory Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 From Adaptive Hypermedia to the Adaptive Web Systems Summary: 1 From Adaptive Hypermedia to the Adaptive Web Systems Peter...

222

Adapting agriculture to climate change  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...foster governance and political rights, among many others...broad resilience to risk or to promote sustainable...habitat loss, less risk of carbon loss...services, including insurance (55). Importantly...assessing climate risk and devising response...underlying socioeconomic, political, and technological...

S. Mark Howden; Jean-Franois Soussana; Francesco N. Tubiello; Netra Chhetri; Michael Dunlop; Holger Meinke

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

CONSULTATION RESPONSE Wellcome Trust response to Workforce  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

account of in workforce planning. The importance of integrating academic training with clinical trainingCONSULTATION RESPONSE Wellcome Trust response to Workforce of the Healthcare Science Workforce Modernising Scientific Careers: The Next Steps Response by the Wellcome Trust

Rambaut, Andrew

224

Pacific Adaptation Strategy Assistance Program Dynamical Seasonal Forecasting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pacific Adaptation Strategy Assistance Program Dynamical Seasonal Forecasting Seasonal Prediction · POAMA · Issues for future Outline #12;Pacific Adaptation Strategy Assistance Program Major source Adaptation Strategy Assistance Program El Nino Mean State · Easterlies westward surface current upwelling

Lim, Eun-pa

225

2014 DOE Climate Change Adaptation Plan | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

2014 DOE Climate Change Adaptation Plan 2014 DOE Climate Change Adaptation Plan Document presents the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) 2014 plan for adapting to climate change....

226

Commercial & Industrial Demand Response  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Resources News & Events Expand News & Events Skip navigation links Smart Grid Demand Response Agricultural Residential Demand Response Commercial & Industrial Demand Response...

227

National Adaptation Forum Webinar Series: Out of Town, Not Out...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Adaptation Forum Webinar Series: Out of Town, Not Out of Trouble: Small Agriculture and Indigenous Communities National Adaptation Forum Webinar Series: Out of Town, Not Out of...

228

Burundi-National Adaptation Plan of Action to Climate Change...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Burundi-National Adaptation Plan of Action to Climate Change Jump to: navigation, search Name Burundi-National Adaptation Plan of Action to Climate Change AgencyCompany...

229

GIZ Sourcebook Module 5f: Adapting Urban Transport to Climate...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

f: Adapting Urban Transport to Climate Change Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: GIZ Sourcebook Module 5f: Adapting Urban Transport to Climate Change...

230

Rwanda-National Adaptation Programs of Action to Climate Change...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Name Rwanda-National Adaptation Programs of Action to Climate Change AgencyCompany Organization United Nations Environment Programme Topics Adaptation, Background analysis...

231

Software Adaptation Patterns for Service-Oriented Architectures .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This thesis describes the concept of software adaptation patterns and how they can be used in software adaptation of service-oriented architectures. The patterns are described (more)

Hashimoto, Koji

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Adapting technology to keep the national infrastructure safe...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Adapting technology to keep the national infrastructure safe and secure Identifying threats and responding to disasters September 1, 2013 Adapting Lab technology to help recover...

233

Development of an adaptive fuzzy logic controller for HVAC system.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??An adaptive approach to control a cooling coil chilled water valve operation, called adaptive fuzzy logic control (AFLC), is developed and validated in this study. (more)

Navale, Rahul Laxman

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Adaptive Rejection of Narrow Band Disturbance in Hard Disk Drives  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

feedback representation of the PAA for adapting narrow bandrepresentation of the PAA for stability analysis. .92adaptation algorithm (PAA). These identified parameters are

Zheng, Qixing

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Tomato Protein Kinase 1b Mediates Signaling of Plant Responses to Necrotrophic Fungi and Insect Herbivory  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...A. (1981). Proteinase inhibitor-inducing factor activity...Oligogalacturonides and chitosan activate plant defensive genes...search for the proteinase inhibitor-inducing factor, PIIF...expression of the proteinase inhibitor II gene in response to Botrytis...

Synan AbuQamar; Mao-Feng Chai; Hongli Luo; Fengming Song; Tesfaye Mengiste

2008-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

236

Fluctuations and information filtering in coupled populations of spiking neurons with adaptation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Finite-sized populations of spiking elements are fundamental to brain function but also are used in many areas of physics. Here we present a theory of the dynamics of finite-sized populations of spiking units, based on a quasirenewal description of neurons with adaptation. We derive an integral equation with colored noise that governs the stochastic dynamics of the population activity in response to time-dependent stimulation and calculate the spectral density in the asynchronous state. We show that systems of coupled populations with adaptation can generate a frequency band in which sensory information is preferentially encoded. The theory is applicable to fully as well as randomly connected networks and to leaky integrate-and-fire as well as to generalized spiking neurons with adaptation on multiple time scales.

Moritz Deger; Tilo Schwalger; Richard Naud; Wulfram Gerstner

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Information Resources: Adaptive Street Lighting Controls  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Adaptive Street Lighting Controls Adaptive Street Lighting Controls This two-part DOE Municipal Solid-State Street Lighting Consortium webinar focused on LED street lighting equipped with adaptive control components. In Part I, presenters Amy Olay of the City of San Jose, CA, and Kelly Cunningham of the California Lighting Technology Center at UC Davis discussed their experiences as early adopters of these smart street lighting systems. In Part II, presenters Laura Stuchinsky of the City of San Jose, CA, and Michael Poplawski of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory explored the MSSLC's recently released Model Specification for Adaptive Control and Remote Monitoring of LED Roadway Luminaires. Part I: Experiences and Benefits June 11, 2013 View the presentation slides Part II: Reviewing the MSSLC's Model Specification

238

Human adaptation of avian influenza viruses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Human adaptation of avian influenza viruses pose an enormous public health challenge as the human population is predominantly naive to avian influenza antigens. As such, constant surveillance is needed to monitor the ...

Srinivasan, Karunya

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Marginalized Monitoring: Adaptively Managing Urban Stormwater  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

environmental assessment, 28 Superfund decisionmaking, 29 Endangered Species Act decisionmaking, 30 and water management.Environmental Impacts Under Florida Water Law: From Water Wars Towards Adaptive Management ,water infrastructure problems. And yet, the environmental management

Scanlan, Melissa K; Tai, Stephanie

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

A Logical Characterization of Adaptive Educational Hypermedia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

reference models for adaptive hypermedia, e.g. the AHAM Reference Model [4], or the Munich Reference Model [20]. Both, the AHAM and Munich Reference Model, extend the Dexter Hypertext Model [16], and pro- vide

Henze, Nicola

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "induced adaptive response" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Adaptive Resource Management Craig E. Wills  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Adaptive Resource Management Craig E. Wills Surendar Chandra # Computer Science Department fixed approaches to manage information. However fixed solutions to information management. These servers manage information about machines, users, files and other objects. The typical approach

Chandra, Surendar

242

Optimization Online - Multistage Adaptive Robust Optimization for ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sep 5, 2014 ... ... with the increasing penetration of wind and solar power generation has ... Keywords: Electric energy systems, multistage robust optimization, ... Multistage Adaptive Robust Optimization for the Unit Commitment Problem.

Alvaro Lorca

2014-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

243

Anisotropic Grid Adaptation for Multiple Aerodynamic Outputs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Anisotropic gridadaptive strategies are presented for viscous flow simulations in which the accurate prediction of multiple aerodynamic outputs (such as the lift, drag, and moment coefficients) is required from a single ...

Venditti, David A.

244

Statistical Design for Adaptive Weather Observations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Suppose that one has the freedom to adapt the observational network by choosing the times and locations of observations. Which choices would yield the best analysis of the atmospheric state or the best subsequent forecast? Here, this problem of ...

L. Mark Berliner; Zhan-Qian Lu; Chris Snyder

1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Adaptive unstructured volume remeshing - I: the method  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present an adaptive remeshing algorithm for meshes of unstructured triangles in two dimensions and unstructured tetrahedra in three dimensions. The algorithm automatically adjusts the size of the elements with time and position in the computational ...

Anthony Anderson; Xiaoming Zheng; Vittorio Cristini

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Content adaptivity in wireless web access  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

While the demand for wireless access to web-based systems increases, it becomes apparent that the design of most systems does not support the use of small screen end-devices such as PDAs or mobile phones. However, enabling wireless access should ... Keywords: adaptivity, cohesion preorder, conceptual modelling, content adaptation, internet, media types, mobile clients, mobile communications, proximity values, web-based systems, wireless access

Klaus-Dieter Schewe; Kinshuk; Tiong Goh

2004-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Fully Adaptive AMG Scott MacLachlan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

" Ah "-1 ik ff Energy measure: Let G (i) j = (Ah )-1 ij , Sij = G(i) - G (i) j e(j) Ah G(i) Ah Fully, Sij? Apply (localized) relaxation to Ah G(i) = e(i) Fully Adaptive AMG ­ p.11 #12;Approximating Sij to Ah G(i) = e(i) Weighted Jacobi, 1 step: Fully Adaptive AMG ­ p.11 #12;Approximating Sij Can

MacLachlan, Scott

248

Adaptation semantique de documents multimedia Sebastien Laborie  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Adaptation s´emantique de documents multim´edia S´ebastien Laborie Soutenance de th`ese - 28 Mai 2008 1 S´ebastien Laborie Adaptation s´emantique de documents multim´edia #12;Introduction Probl´ematique Un document multim´edia Constitu´e d'objets multim´edia Texte Image Son Vid´eo Assembl´e par un

Joseph Fourier Grenoble-I, Université

249

On adaptive grid computations of variable stars  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We show that the use of an implicit adaptive-grid technique is an efficient and up-to-date approach for the calculations of radial oscillations in variable stars. We chose as an illustrative example the radiative envelope of an RR Lyrae variable. For the hydrostatic initial model we compare the Lagrangean ratioed zoning with an adaptive-grid rezoning. We show that the adaptive-grid yields an optimal distribution of the mesh points in the sense that the relevant physical features, the H{minus} and He 1{minus}, He 2{minus} ionization zones, are well resolved. For the hydrodynamical evolution we present the full-amplitude model for both the Lagrangean and adaptive-grid computations. We perform a detailed comparison and show that the adaptive-grid method yields limit cycle solutions that are substantially improved over the Lagrangean grid model. This is due to the fact that the Lagrangean mesh sweeps through the ionization zones twice during one oscillation period, whereas the adaptive-mesh resolves them and tracks them continuously. The results are, in particular, smooth radial velocity and light curves. Beyond a physically better defined solution we also observe larger time steps for the convergence towards the limit cycle and for the evolution during one period. 12 refs., 13 figs., 5 tabs.

Cox, A.N.; Deupree, R.G.; Gehmeyr, M.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Adaptation to water scarcity in glacier-dependent towns of the Indian Himalayas : impacts, adaptive responses, barriers, and solutions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Among the existing and projected impacts of climate change, impacts on water resources are expected to exacerbate the current and future threat of global water scarcity. Glacier-dependent societies are especially vulnerable ...

Sudhalkar, Amruta Anand

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

The metal-responsive transcription factor-1 contributes to HIF-1 activation during hypoxic stress  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1), the major transcriptional regulator of the mammalian cellular response to low oxygen (hypoxia), is embedded within a complex network of signaling pathways. We have been investigating the importance of another stress-responsive transcription factor, MTF-1, for the adaptation of cells to hypoxia. This article reports that MTF-1 plays a central role in hypoxic cells by contributing to HIF-1 activity. Loss of MTF-1 in transformed Mtf1 null mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) results in an attenuation of nuclear HIF-1{alpha} protein accumulation, HIF-1 transcriptional activity, and expression of an established HIF-1 target gene, glucose transporter-1 (Glut1). Mtf1 null (Mtf1 KO) MEFs also have constitutively higher levels of both glutathione (GSH) and the rate-limiting enzyme involved in GSH synthesis-glutamate cysteine ligase catalytic subunit-than wild type cells. The altered cellular redox state arising from increased GSH may perturb oxygen-sensing mechanisms in hypoxic Mtf1 KO cells and decrease the accumulation of HIF-1{alpha} protein. Together, these novel findings define a role for MTF-1 in the regulation of HIF-1 activity.

Murphy, Brian J. [Biosciences Division, SRI International, 333 Ravenswood Avenue, Menlo Park, CA 94025-3493 (United States)]. E-mail: brian.murphy@sri.com; Sato, Barbara G. [Biosciences Division, SRI International, 333 Ravenswood Avenue, Menlo Park, CA 94025-3493 (United States); Dalton, Timothy P. [Center for Environmental Genetics, Department of Environmental Health, University of Cincinnati, OH 45267-0056 (United States); Laderoute, Keith R. [Biosciences Division, SRI International, 333 Ravenswood Avenue, Menlo Park, CA 94025-3493 (United States)

2005-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

252

E-Print Network 3.0 - assessing inflammatory response Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

28 Browne, CB, Research Proposal, March 2009 Activation of the Inflammasome in Gout Summary: of inflammasomes in mediating crystal-induced inflammatory responses (3,7)....

253

A low cost adaptive optics system using a membrane mirror  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A low cost adaptive optics system constructed almost entirely of commercially available components is presented.

Paterson, Carl; Munro, I; Dainty, J

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

UNDP-Adaptation Learning Mechanism | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Adaptation Learning Mechanism Adaptation Learning Mechanism Jump to: navigation, search Logo: UNDP-Adaptation Learning Mechanism Name UNDP-Adaptation Learning Mechanism Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Development Programme Sector Climate, Energy, Land, Water Topics Adaptation Resource Type Lessons learned/best practices, Training materials Website http://www.adaptationlearning. Program Start 2007 References Adaptation Learning Mechanism[1] Abstract Seeking to provide stakeholders with a common platform for sharing and learning, the ALM bridges knowledge gaps by bringing relevant knowledge and stakeholders together to exchange information, experiences, and expertise. Additionally, the ALM complements the wide range of adaptation knowledge networks and initiatives already underway.

255

7th International Workshop on Microbeam Probes of Cellular Radiation Response  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The extended abstracts that follow present a summary of the Proceedings of the 7th International Workshop: Microbeam Probes of Cellular Radiation Response, held at Columbia Universitys Kellogg Center in New York City on March 1517, 2006. These International Workshops on Microbeam Probes of Cellular Radiation Response have been held regularly since 1993 (15). Since the first workshop, there has been a rapid growth (see Fig. 1) in the number of centers developing microbeams for radiobiological research, and worldwide there are currently about 30 microbeams in operation or under development. Single-cell/single-particle microbeam systems can deliver beams of different ionizing radiations with a spatial resolution of a few micrometers down to a few tenths of a micrometer. Microbeams can be used to addressquestions relating to the effects of low doses of radiation (a single radiation track traversing a cell or group of cells), to probe subcellular targets (e.g. nucleus or cytoplasm), and to address questions regarding the propagation of information about DNA damage (for example, the radiation-induced bystander effect). Much of the recent research using microbeams has been to study low-dose effects and non-targeted responses such as bystander effects, genomic instability and adaptive responses. This Workshop provided a forum to assess the current state of microbeam technology and current biological applications and to discuss future directions for development, both technological and biological. Over 100 participants reviewed the current state of microbeam research worldwide and reported on new technological developments in the fields of both physics and biology.

Brenner, David J.

2009-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

256

Solid-State Lighting: Adaptive Street Lighting Controls  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Adaptive Street Lighting Adaptive Street Lighting Controls to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: Adaptive Street Lighting Controls on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: Adaptive Street Lighting Controls on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Adaptive Street Lighting Controls on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Adaptive Street Lighting Controls on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: Adaptive Street Lighting Controls on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: Adaptive Street Lighting Controls on AddThis.com... Conferences & Meetings Presentations Publications Webcasts Videos Tools Adaptive Street Lighting Controls This two-part DOE Municipal Solid-State Street Lighting Consortium webinar focused on LED street lighting equipped with adaptive control components.

257

Integrating Demand into the U.S. Electric Power System: Technical, Economic, and Regulatory Frameworks for Responsive Load  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for Responsive/Adaptive Load by Jason W. Black Massachusetts Institute of Technology Submitted to the Engineering integration of demand response. Integrating demand into the US electricity system will allow the development, and market issues to determine a system structure that provides incentives for demand response. An integrated

de Weck, Olivier L.

258

NAN-190 POTENTIATES THE CIRCADIAN RESPONSE TO LIGHT AND SPEEDS RE-ENTRAINMENT TO ADVANCED LIGHT CYCLES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NAN-190 POTENTIATES THE CIRCADIAN RESPONSE TO LIGHT AND SPEEDS RE-ENTRAINMENT TO ADVANCED LIGHT. In this study, we investigated the ability of NAN-190 to potenti- ate the circadian rhythm response to light potentiate the response to light both in dark-adapted and entrained hamsters. Furthermore, NAN- 190

Harrington, Mary

259

Emergency Response & Procedures | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

National Security + Safety » Emergency Response & Procedures National Security + Safety » Emergency Response & Procedures Emergency Response & Procedures November 1, 2013 A Statement from U.S. Secretary of Energy Ernest Moniz Regarding Fukushima On Friday, I made my first visit to the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station. It is stunning that one can see firsthand the destructive force of the tsunami even more than two and a half years after the tragic events October 29, 2013 Workers repair power lines in the Mid-Atlantic shortly after Hurricane Sandy. | Photo courtesy of the Energy Department. Hurricane Sandy One Year Later: Rebuilding Stronger, More Resilient Communities The Energy Department continues to take actions to protect our energy infrastructure, adapt to climate change and build partnerships to make

260

Chlororespiration: An adaptation to nitrogen deficiency in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

When grown under nitrogen limitation, pronounced chlororespiratory activity develops together with an altered composition of thylakoid membranes in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. Relative to control cultures, the flash-inhibited, chlororespiration-dependent O{sub 2} consumption signal increases 10-fold. Also augmented is the light-sensitive respiratory activity responsible of the Kok effect, reflecting competitive inhibition of chlororespiratory electron transport by photosystem I. Fluoresscence measurements show that the thylakoid plastoquinone pool is extensively reduced in dark-adapted, N-limited cells. Thylakoids of N-limited cells have reduced amounts of cytochrome b{sub 6}, cytochrome f, and light-harvesting complexes. However, thylakoid-bound NADH-PQ oxidoreductase, with major subunits of 51 kDa and 17 kDa, is increased 7-fold and two novel cytochromes of 34 and 12.5 kDa are highly abundant. Thus, components of photosynthetic and chlororespiratory electron transport pathways are differentially regulated by N availability.

Peltier, G.; Schmidt, G.W. (Univ. of Georgia, Athens (United States))

1991-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "induced adaptive response" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Mechanisms of AH receptor-mediated responses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The interaction of the nuclear aryl hydrocarbon (Ah) receptor complex with c-fos and c-jun oncoprotein was investigated in wild-type Ah responsive mouse Hepa lclc7 cells. Chloramphenicol acetyl transferase (CAT) activity was induced by 10 riM 2...

Dong, Lian

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

262

Gain scheduling adaptive control strategies for HVDC systems to accommodate large disturbances  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Techniques have been developed to permit the response of the controls for dc transmission systems to adapt to large system changes. A gain scheduling approach tunes the control as an on-line function of the effective short-circuit ratio and contingency indicators. The method has been tested by digital simulation, based on EMTP, of a back-to-back dc system. It has been found to be robust and control performance has been enhanced.

Reeve, J.; Sultan, M. (Univ. of Waterloo, Ontario (Canada))

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Adaptive scapula bone remodeling computational simulation: Relevance to regenerative medicine  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Shoulder arthroplasty success has been attributed to many factors including, bone quality, soft tissue balancing, surgeon experience, and implant design. Improved long-term success is primarily limited by glenoid implant loosening. Prosthesis design examines materials and shape and determines whether the design should withstand a lifetime of use. Finite element (FE) analyses have been extensively used to study stresses and strains produced in implants and bone. However, these static analyses only measure a moment in time and not the adaptive response to the altered environment produced by the therapeutic intervention. Computational analyses that integrate remodeling rules predict how bone will respond over time. Recent work has shown that subject-specific two- and three dimensional adaptive bone remodeling models are feasible and valid. Feasibility and validation were achieved computationally, simulating bone remodeling using an intact human scapula, initially resetting the scapular bone material properties to be uniform, numerically simulating sequential loading, and comparing the bone remodeling simulation results to the actual scapulas material properties. Three-dimensional scapula FE bone model was created using volumetric computed tomography images. Muscle and joint load and boundary conditions were applied based on values reported in the literature. Internal bone remodeling was based on element strain-energy density. Initially, all bone elements were assigned a homogeneous density. All loads were applied for 10 iterations. After every iteration, each bone elements remodeling stimulus was compared to its corresponding reference stimulus and its material properties modified. The simulation achieved convergence. At the end of the simulation the predicted and actual specimen bone apparent density were plotted and compared. Location of high and low predicted bone density was comparable to the actual specimen. High predicted bone density was greater than actual specimen. Low predicted bone density was lower than actual specimen. Differences were probably due to applied muscle and joint reaction loads, boundary conditions, and values of constants used. Work is underway to study this. Nonetheless, the results demonstrate three dimensional bone remodeling simulation validity and potential. Such adaptive predictions take physiological bone remodeling simulations one step closer to reality. Computational analyses are needed that integrate biological remodeling rules and predict how bone will respond over time. We expect the combination of computational static stress analyses together with adaptive bone remodeling simulations to become effective tools for regenerative medicine research.

Sharma, Gulshan B., E-mail: gbsharma@ucalgary.ca [Emory University, Department of Radiology and Imaging Sciences, Spine and Orthopaedic Center, Atlanta, Georgia 30329 (United States); University of Pittsburgh, Swanson School of Engineering, Department of Bioengineering, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 (United States); University of Calgary, Schulich School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Calgary, Alberta T2N 1N4 (Canada); Robertson, Douglas D., E-mail: douglas.d.robertson@emory.edu [Emory University, Department of Radiology and Imaging Sciences, Spine and Orthopaedic Center, Atlanta, Georgia 30329 (United States); University of Pittsburgh, Swanson School of Engineering, Department of Bioengineering, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 (United States)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

E-Print Network 3.0 - acid-induced epileptic seizures Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Collection: Biology and Medicine 49 Research report Decreased expression of brain cAMP response element-binding Summary: a kainic acid-induced seizure in mice, gel...

265

E-Print Network 3.0 - atypical transient stress-induced Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

to acute challenges (Benschop et al., 1995). The importance of stress-induced... in response to a speech challenge task. Mills et al. convincingly show that acute ... Source:...

266

National Action Plan on Demand Response  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

David Kathan, Ph.D David Kathan, Ph.D Federal Energy Regulatory Commission U.S. DOE Electricity Advisory Committee October 29, 2010 Demand Response as Power System Resources The author's views do not necessarily represent the views of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission 2 Demand Response * FERC (Order 719) defines demand response as: - A reduction in the consumption of electric energy by customers from their expected consumption in response to an increase in the price of electric energy or to in incentive payments designed to induce lower consumption of electric energy. * The National Action Plan on Demand Response released by FERC staff broadens this definition to include - Consumer actions that can change any part of the load profile of a utility or region, not just the period of peak usage

267

Low Dose IR Creates an Oncogenic Microenvironment by Inducing Premature  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Introduction Much of the work addressing ionizing radiation-induced cellular response has been carried out mainly with the traditional cell culture technique involving only one cell type, how cellular response to IR is influenced by the tissue microenvironment remains elusive. By use of a three-dimensional (3D) co-culture system to model critical interactions of different cell types with their neighbors and with their environment, we recently showed that low-dose IR-induced extracellular signaling via the tissue environment affects profoundly cellular responses. This proposal aims at determining the response of mammary epithelial cells in a tissue-like setting.

Yuan, Zhi-Min [Harvard School of Public Health

2013-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

268

AdaptiveARC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AdaptiveARC AdaptiveARC Jump to: navigation, search Name AdaptiveARC Address 7683 Sitio Manana Place Carlsbad, California Zip 92009 Sector Biomass Product Waste-to-clean-energy startup is developing an arc-plasma reactor Website http://www.adaptivearc.com/ Coordinates 33.07959°, -117.22539° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":33.07959,"lon":-117.22539,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

269

Petascale, Adaptive CFD | Argonne Leadership Computing Facility  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Petascale, Adaptive CFD Petascale, Adaptive CFD Petascale, Adaptive CFD PI Name: Kenneth Jansen PI Email: jansenke@colorado.edu Institution: U. Colorado-Boulder Allocation Program: ESP Allocation Hours at ALCF: 150 Million Year: 2010 to 2013 Research Domain: Engineering The aerodynamic simulations proposed will involve modeling of active flow control based on synthetic jet actuation that has been shown experimentally to produce large-scale flow changes (e.g., re-attachment of separated flow or virtual aerodynamic shaping of lifting surfaces) from micro-scale input (e.g., a 0.1 W piezoelectric disk resonating in a cavity alternately pushes/pulls out/in the fluid through a small slit to create small-scale vortical structures that interact with, and thereby dramatically alter, the cross flow). This is a process that has yet to be understood fundamentally.

270

Identification of human metapneumovirus-induced gene networks in airway epithelial cells by microarray analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Human metapneumovirus (hMPV) is a major cause of lower respiratory tract infections in infants, elderly and immunocompromised patients. Little is known about the response to hMPV infection of airway epithelial cells, which play a pivotal role in initiating and shaping innate and adaptive immune responses. In this study, we analyzed the transcriptional profiles of airway epithelial cells infected with hMPV using high-density oligonucleotide microarrays. Of the 47,400 transcripts and variants represented on the Affimetrix GeneChip Human Genome HG-U133 plus 2 array, 1601 genes were significantly altered following hMPV infection. Altered genes were then assigned to functional categories and mapped to signaling pathways. Many up-regulated genes are involved in the initiation of pro-inflammatory and antiviral immune responses, including chemokines, cytokines, type I interferon and interferon-inducible proteins. Other important functional classes up-regulated by hMPV infection include cellular signaling, gene transcription and apoptosis. Notably, genes associated with antioxidant and membrane transport activity, several metabolic pathways and cell proliferation were down-regulated in response to hMPV infection. Real-time PCR and Western blot assays were used to confirm the expression of genes related to several of these functional groups. The overall result of this study provides novel information on host gene expression upon infection with hMPV and also serves as a foundation for future investigations of genes and pathways involved in the pathogenesis of this important viral infection. Furthermore, it can facilitate a comparative analysis of other paramyxoviral infections to determine the transcriptional changes that are conserved versus the one that are specific to individual pathogens.

Bao, X. [Department of Pediatrics, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas (United States); Sinha, M. [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas (United States)]|[UTMB Bioinformatics Program, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas (United States); Liu, T.; Hong, C. [Department of Pediatrics, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas (United States); Luxon, B.A. [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas (United States)]|[UTMB Bioinformatics Program, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas (United States); Garofalo, R.P. [Department of Pediatrics, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas (United States)]|[Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas (United States)]|[Sealy Center for Vaccine Development, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas (United States); Casola, A. [Department of Pediatrics, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas (United States)]|[Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas (United States)]|[Sealy Center for Vaccine Development, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas (United States)], E-mail: ancasola@utmb.edu

2008-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

271

Shock-induced Chemistry  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Shock-induced Chemistry 1663 Los Alamos science and technology magazine Latest Issue:August 2014 All Issues submit Shock-induced Chemistry New paradigms in chemical reactivity...

272

A National Strategy for Adaptation to Climate Change | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

A National Strategy for Adaptation to Climate Change A National Strategy for Adaptation to Climate Change Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: A National Strategy for Adaptation to Climate Change Agency/Company /Organization: Coalition for Rainforest Nations Topics: Adaptation, Pathways analysis Resource Type: Guide/manual Website: www.rainforestcoalition.org/eng/ References: A National Strategy for Adaptation to Climate Change[1] Logo: A National Strategy for Adaptation to Climate Change Click here to view document A National Strategy for Adaptation to Climate Change References ↑ "A National Strategy for Adaptation to Climate Change" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=A_National_Strategy_for_Adaptation_to_Climate_Change&oldid=382940" Category: Tools

273

Adaptive Resource Management Schemes for Web Services  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ADAPTIVE RESOURCE MANAGEMENT SCHEMES FOR WEB SERVICES A Dissertation by HEUNG KI LEE Submitted to the O?ce of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulflllment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY December 2009... Major Subject: Computer Science ADAPTIVE RESOURCE MANAGEMENT SCHEMES FOR WEB SERVICES A Dissertation by HEUNG KI LEE Submitted to the O?ce of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulflllment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR...

Lee, Heung Ki

2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

274

Laforin Confers Cancer Resistance to Energy DeprivationInduced Apoptosis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Reports Laforin Confers Cancer Resistance to Energy Deprivation-Induced Apoptosis Yin Wang...heterogeneity in cancer susceptibility to energy deprivation. Here, we show that the...novel regulator for cellular response to energy deprivation and its defects in cancer...

Yin Wang; Yan Liu; Cindy Wu; Beth McNally; Yang Liu; Pan Zheng

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

A Point Mutation in the Ethylene-Inducing Xylanase Elicitor Inhibits the -1-4-Endoxylanase Activity But Not the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Point Mutation in the Ethylene-Inducing Xylanase Elicitor Inhibits the -1-4-Endoxylanase Activity.C.) Ethylene-inducing xylanase (EIX) elicits plant defense responses in certain tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum also lost the ability to induce the hypersensitive response and ethylene biosynthesis. However, mutants

Avni, Adi

276

Visualizing the Local Optical Response of Semiconducting Carbon Nanotubes to  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Visualizing the Local Optical Response of Semiconducting Carbon Nanotubes to DNA-Wrapping Huihong ABSTRACT We studied the local optical response of semiconducting single-walled carbon nanotubes to wrapping-field images of single nanotubes reveal large DNA-wrapping-induced red shifts of the exciton energy

Novotny, Lukas

277

ADAPTIVE ROBUST TRACKING CONTROL OF PRESSURE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

accuracy of pressure trajectory in the chamber when the pneumatic cylinder is moving. Off-line fitting, it is necessary to utilize the adaptive model compensation for improving the tracking accuracy of pressure and attenuation in pneumatic lines, valve dynamics, flow nonlinearities through the valve orifice, piston friction

Yao, Bin

278

Provably Efficient Two-Level Adaptive Scheduling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

processor reallocation, our schedulers provide control over the scheduling overhead and ensure effectiveProvably Efficient Two-Level Adaptive Scheduling Yuxiong He1 , Wen-Jing Hsu1 , and Charles E. Multiprocessor scheduling in a shared multiprogramming en- vironment can be structured in two levels, where

Feitelson, Dror

279

Modelling adaptations requirements in web workflows  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Workflows play a major role in nowadays business and therefore its requirement elicitation must be accurate and clear for achieving the closest solution to business's needs. Due to Web applications popularity, the Web is becoming the standard platform ... Keywords: adaptation, model-driven paradigm, requirements, web

M. Urbieta; W. Retschitzegger; G. Rossi; W. Schwinger; S. Gordillo; E. Robles Luna

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Efficiency considerations in triangular adaptive mesh refinement  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...mesh generated by this generator is shown in figure-8...Behrens, J. 1998 Atmospheric and ocean modeling with...solver for the shallow-water equations. Appl. Numer...space-filling curves in adaptive atmospheric modeling. In Frontiers...an unstructured grid generator with a space-filling...

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "induced adaptive response" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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281

Reservation Price Estimation by Adaptive Conjoint Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reservation Price Estimation by Adaptive Conjoint Analysis Christoph Breidert1 , Michael Hahsler1 applied the eco- nomic definition of reservation price in combination with a conjoint study on product pricing. In this paper we present a novel approach to estimate the economic reser- vation price using

Schmidt-Thieme, Lars

282

CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATIONS FOR LOCAL WATER MANAGEMENT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATIONS FOR LOCAL WATER MANAGEMENT IN THE SAN FRANCISCO BAY AREA A White Paper from the California Energy Commission's California Climate Change Center JULY 2012 CEC Climate change will affect both sea level and the temporal and spatial distribution of runoff

283

Adaptive Reliability Analysis of Excavation Problems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

........................................................................... 26 2.5.3 Structure of ?z ............................................................................. 28 2.6 Solution Strategies ................................................................................ 29 2.6.1 Markov Chain Monte Carlo... simulation Metropolis-Hastings (MH) algorithm ........................................................................... 30 viii Page 2.6.2 Delayed Rejection Adaptive Metropolis (DRAM) method ........ 32 2.7 Application...

Park, Jun Kyung

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

284

The Building Adaptive Re-Use  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

81 The Building 7.0 #12;82 Adaptive Re-Use 7.1 7.1.1 Retaining the Ruskin Building's Facades building fabric. The need for a fully accessible and environmentally sustainable building led the team to a solution that requires the full reconstruction of the Ruskin Building, save its primary facades

Flynn, E. Victor

285

Projected Climate Impacts and Adaptation Strategies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Projected Climate Impacts and Adaptation Strategies for Wisconsin's Urban Areas UWM ­ School Rainfall Etc. #12;Downscaling: Focus global projections to a scale relevant to climate impacts in Wisconsin-Engineering Professional Development DNR Photo: WDNR #12;Overview · Wisconsin's Changing climate · Expected Impacts · How

Sheridan, Jennifer

286

Adaptive Training for Large Vocabulary Continuous  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Adaptive Training for Large Vocabulary Continuous Speech Recognition Kai Yu Hughes Hall College for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy #12;ii Summary In recent years, there has been a trend towards training is to train hidden Markov models (HMMs) on the whole data set as if all data comes from a single acoustic

Hain, Thomas

287

IBM Software Data Sheet IBM adaptive threat  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IBM Software Data Sheet IBM adaptive threat protection Stay ahead of security threats with a state-of-the-art network protection engine Highlights Identify high-risk threats and zero-day attacks with protocol-based, behavioral anomaly detection Protect end users against the latest web-based threats, such as SQL injection

288

Adaptive Personalisation for Researcher-Independent  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Adaptive Personalisation for Researcher-Independent Brain-Body Interface Usage Abstract In this case study, we report what we believe to be the first prolonged in-situ use of a brain-body interface for rehabilitation of individuals with severe neurological impairment due to traumatic brain injury

Boetticher, Gary D.

289

MODEL ADAPTATION FOR HYPERBOLIC SYSTEMS WITH RELAXATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MODEL ADAPTATION FOR HYPERBOLIC SYSTEMS WITH RELAXATION H. MATHIS, C. CANC`ES, E. GODLEWSKI, N the phenomenon under consideration. We focus in this work on general hyperbolic systems with stiff relaxation source terms together with the corre- sponding hyperbolic equilibrium systems. The goal is to determine

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

290

Adaptive aberration correction in a confocal microscope  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...corresponds to a restoration of the axial sectioning...degradation and restoration of the axial resolution...of the adaptive system in imaging biological...cycle, the laser power was reduced to...the experimental system allowed visualization...B , ed( 1995 ) Handbook of Biological Confocal...

Martin J. Booth; Mark A. A. Neil; Rimas Jukaitis; Tony Wilson

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Gaia as a complex adaptive system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the environment. The model does not include natural selection...within clusters). The model does include a sys- tem selection...adaptive behaviour, but that it does not reside in a critical state...as cyber- netic systems. In Handbook of ecosystem theories and manage...

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Wind-Induced Instability of Structures [and Discussion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

13 May 1971 research-article Wind-Induced Instability of Structures [and...G. V. Parkinson D. Dicker Forms of wind-induced instability of structures are...structural response frequency over a discrete wind speed range and amplification and phase...

1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

E-Print Network 3.0 - adaptive seamless design Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

(VTP) to adapt video... need to be resolved: 1) seamless mobility across het- erogeneous networks, 2) application adaptation... incorporate both seamless handoff and adaptive ......

294

E-Print Network 3.0 - adaptive methods final Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

mechanisms. Finally the actors in the process of adaptation will be discussed like the user (adaptable... adaptation methods and tools that are under the control of the user...

295

E-Print Network 3.0 - acquired behaviour adaptations Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Collection: Computer Technologies and Information Sciences 6 Adaptive LEGO Robots. A RobotHuman View on Robotics. Summary: is the Adaptive LEGO Pet Robot. The Adaptive LEGO Pet...

296

An Enabling Study of Diesel Low-Temperautre Combustion via Adaptive...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

An Enabling Study of Diesel Low-Temperautre Combustion via Adaptive Control An Enabling Study of Diesel Low-Temperautre Combustion via Adaptive Control Adaptive control strategies...

297

E-Print Network 3.0 - adaptive noise cancellation Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

adaptive filtering, DMT... algorithm. The adaptive equation can be rewritten B LCA echo canceller in the presence of narrow band noise... Constrained Adaptive Echo ......

298

E-Print Network 3.0 - adaptive signal model Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

LMS Adaptive Predictor for Chirped Input Signals Jun Han Department of Electrical... of adaptive filters, adaptive prediction, is studied. The class of input signals which will...

299

E-Print Network 3.0 - adaptive specialization conditional Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

conditional Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 From Adaptive Hypermedia to the Adaptive Web Systems Summary: Adaptive presentation techniques Conditional text filtering - ITEM...

300

E-Print Network 3.0 - adaptive direct search Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

direct search Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 From Adaptive Hypermedia to the Adaptive Web Systems Summary: Evaluation of Adaptive Link Sorting HYPERFLEX: IR System -...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "induced adaptive response" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Rethinking adaptation for a 4C world  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...adverse aspects of the environment into affective responses...perceived to be the responsibility of national politicians...exist between local responsibilities and resources needed...Institute of Mechanical Engineers-[45], the Royal...decision-making environment at just the time when...

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Grid and basis adaptive polynomial chaos techniques for sensitivity and uncertainty analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The demand for accurate and computationally affordable sensitivity and uncertainty techniques is constantly on the rise and has become especially pressing in the nuclear field with the shift to Best Estimate Plus Uncertainty methodologies in the licensing of nuclear installations. Besides traditional, already well developed methods such as first order perturbation theory or Monte Carlo sampling Polynomial Chaos Expansion (PCE) has been given a growing emphasis in recent years due to its simple application and good performance. This paper presents new developments of the research done at TU Delft on such Polynomial Chaos (PC) techniques. Our work is focused on the Non-Intrusive Spectral Projection (NISP) approach and adaptive methods for building the PCE of responses of interest. Recent efforts resulted in a new adaptive sparse grid algorithm designed for estimating the PC coefficients. The algorithm is based on Gerstner's procedure for calculating multi-dimensional integrals but proves to be computationally significantly cheaper, while at the same it retains a similar accuracy as the original method. More importantly the issue of basis adaptivity has been investigated and two techniques have been implemented for constructing the sparse PCE of quantities of interest. Not using the traditional full PC basis set leads to further reduction in computational time since the high order grids necessary for accurately estimating the near zero expansion coefficients of polynomial basis vectors not needed in the PCE can be excluded from the calculation. Moreover the sparse PC representation of the response is easier to handle when used for sensitivity analysis or uncertainty propagation due to the smaller number of basis vectors. The developed grid and basis adaptive methods have been implemented in Matlab as the Fully Adaptive Non-Intrusive Spectral Projection (FANISP) algorithm and were tested on four analytical problems. These show consistent good performance both in terms of the accuracy of the resulting PC representation of quantities and the computational costs associated with constructing the sparse PCE. Basis adaptivity also seems to make the employment of PC techniques possible for problems with a higher number of input parameters (1520), alleviating a well known limitation of the traditional approach. The prospect of larger scale applicability and the simplicity of implementation makes such adaptive PC algorithms particularly appealing for the sensitivity and uncertainty analysis of complex systems and legacy codes.

Perk, Zoltn, E-mail: Z.Perko@tudelft.nl; Gilli, Luca, E-mail: Gilli@nrg.eu; Lathouwers, Danny, E-mail: D.Lathouwers@tudelft.nl; Kloosterman, Jan Leen, E-mail: J.L.Kloosterman@tudelft.nl

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Neurochemical mechanisms underlying responses to psychostimulants  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study employed positron emission tomography (PET) to investigate biochemical and metabolic characteristics of the brain of individuals which could put them at risk for drug addiction. It takes advantage of the normal variability between individuals in response to psychoactive drugs to investigate relation between mental state, brain neurochemistry and metabolism and the behavioral response to drugs. We discuss its use to assess if there is an association between mental state and dompaminergic reactivity in response to the psychostimulant drug methylphenidate (MP). Changes in synaptic dopamine induced by MP were evaluated with PET and [11C]raclopride, a D{sub 2} receptor radioligand that is sensitive to endogenous dopamine. Methylpphenidate significantly decreased striatal [11C]raclopride binding. The study showed a correlation between the magnitude of the dopamine-induced changes by methylphenidate, and the mental state of the subjects. Subjects reporting high levels of anxiety and restlessness at baseline had larger changes in MP-induced dopamine changes than those that did not. Further investigations on the relation between an individual`s response to a drug and his/her mental state and personality as well as his neurochemical brain composition may enable to understand better differences in drug addiction vulnerability.

Volkow, N.D.; Fowler, J.S.; Hitzemann, R.; Wang, G.J. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States)]|[State Univ. of New York, Stony Brook, NY (United States)

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Hands-on Energy Adaptation Toolkit (HEAT) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hands-on Energy Adaptation Toolkit (HEAT) Hands-on Energy Adaptation Toolkit (HEAT) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Hands-on Energy Adaptation Toolkit (HEAT) Agency/Company /Organization: Energy Sector Management Assistance Program of the World Bank Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Adaptation, Implementation, Pathways analysis Resource Type: Guide/manual Website: esmap.org/esmap/node/312 Hands-on Energy Adaptation Toolkit (HEAT) Screenshot References: HEAT[1] Background "HEAT- A Hands-on Energy Adaptation Toolkit is designed to lead you through as assessment of climate vulnerabilities and adaptation options in the energy sector of your country. HEAT can help you raise awareness among key stakeholders and initiate dialogue on energy sector adaptation.

305

Numerical Modeling of Acoustic Timescale Detonation Initiation Using the Adaptive  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Numerical Modeling of Acoustic Timescale Detonation Initiation Using the Adaptive Wavelet 2008 #12;This thesis entitled: Numerical Modeling of Acoustic Timescale Detonation Initiation Using. (Ph.D.) Numerical Modeling of Acoustic Timescale Detonation Initiation Using the Adaptive Wavelet

Vasilyev, Oleg V.

306

Adaptive Power Control for Single and Multiuser Opportunistic Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this dissertation, adaptive power control for single and multiuser opportunistic systems is investigated. First, a new adaptive power-controlled diversity combining scheme for single user systems is proposed, upon which is extended...

Nam, Sung Sik

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

307

Funding for adaptation to climate change : the case of Surat  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The need for cities to adapt to climate change is widely acknowledged, yet the question of adaptation finance remains uncertain. Unable to access global climate funds, cities must seek out alternative sources to support ...

Patel, Toral

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Adaptive radiation of chemosymbiotic deep-sea mussels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...are credited. Adaptive radiation of chemosymbiotic deep-sea...Research Department, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth...Yokosuka 237-0061, Japan 2 Geoscience Center...Yamanashi 400-8510, Japan Adaptive radiations present fascinating opportunities...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Climate Change Adaptation: A Collective Action Perspective on Federalism Considerations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

adaptation to minimize the adverse effects of climate change. Climate change adaptation is designed to increase the resilience of natural and human ecosystems to the threats posed by a changing environment. Although an extensive literature concerning...

Glicksman, Robert L.; Levy, Richard E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Artificial gravity : neurovestibular adaptation to incremental exposure to centrifugation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(cont.) not build up adaptation, all subjects in the experimental group who completed the protocol showed signs of adaptation to the stimulus. Only one subject did not complete the five sessions, setting the drop-out rate ...

Bruni, Sylvain, 1981-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Evaluation and Adaptation of 5-Cycle Fuel Economy Testing and...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Adaptation of 5-Cycle Fuel Economy Testing and Calculations for HEVs and PHEVs Evaluation and Adaptation of 5-Cycle Fuel Economy Testing and Calculations for HEVs and PHEVs 2012...

312

Design and evaluation of an adaptive icon toolbar  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

At the user's convenience, the adaptive bar offers suggestions for adding or removing command icons, based on the frequency and probability of ... adaptive behavior of displaying the frequency of each icon's use ...

Matjaz Debevc; Beth Meyer; Dali Donlagic

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Adaptive mean filtering for noise reduction in CT polymer gel dosimetry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

X-ray computed tomography (CT) as a method of extracting 3D dose information from irradiated polymer gel dosimeters is showing potential as a practical means to implement gel dosimetry in a radiation therapy clinic. However, the response of CT contrast to dose is weak and noise reduction is critical in order to achieve adequate dose resolutions with this method. Phantom design and CT imaging technique have both been shown to decrease image noise. In addition, image postprocessing using noise reduction filtering techniques have been proposed. This work evaluates in detail the use of the adaptive mean filter for reducing noise in CT gel dosimetry. Filter performance is systematically tested using both synthetic patterns mimicking a range of clinical dose distribution features as well as actual clinical dose distributions. Both low and high signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) situations are examined. For all cases, the effects of filter kernel size and the number of iterations are investigated. Results indicate that adaptive mean filtering is a highly effective tool for noise reduction CT gel dosimetry. The optimum filtering strategy depends on characteristics of the dose distributions and image noise level. For low noise images (SNR {approx}20), the filtered results are excellent and use of adaptive mean filtering is recommended as a standard processing tool. For high noise images (SNR {approx}5) adaptive mean filtering can also produce excellent results, but filtering must be approached with more caution as spatial and dose distortions of the original dose distribution can occur.

Hilts, Michelle; Jirasek, Andrew [Medical Physics, BC Cancer Agency-Vancouver Island Centre, Victoria, British Columbia, V8R6V5 (Canada); Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia, V8W2Y2 (Canada)

2008-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

314

BIA Request for Proposals for Climate Adaptation Grants for Tribes  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Download the Bureau of Indian Affairs Request for Proposals for Climate Adaptation Grants for Tribes, due November 29.

315

A hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-3? splicing variant, HIF-3?4 impairs angiogenesis in hypervascular malignant meningiomas with epigenetically silenced HIF-3?4  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Highlights: ? HIF-3?4 is silenced by DNA methylation in meningiomas. ? Induction of HIF-3?4 impaired angiogenesis in meningiomas. ? Induction of HIF-3?4 impaired proliferation and oxygen-dependent metabolism. -- Abstract: Hypoxia inducible factor is a dominant regulator of adaptive cellular responses to hypoxia and controls the expression of a large number of genes regulating angiogenesis as well as metabolism, cell survival, apoptosis, and other cellular functions in an oxygen level-dependent manner. When a neoplasm is able to induce angiogenesis, tumor progression occurs more rapidly because of the nutrients provided by the neovasculature. Meningioma is one of the most hypervascular brain tumors, making anti-angiogenic therapy an attractive novel therapy for these tumors. HIF-3? has been conventionally regarded as a dominant-negative regulator of HIF-1?, and although alternative HIF-3? splicing variants are extensively reported, their specific functions have not yet been determined. In this study, we found that the transcription of HIF-3?4 was silenced by the promoter DNA methylation in meningiomas, and inducible HIF-3?4 impaired angiogenesis, proliferation, and metabolism/oxidation in hypervascular meningiomas. Thus, HIF-3?4 could be a potential molecular target in meningiomas.

Ando, Hitoshi [Department of Neurosurgery, Nagoya University School of Medicine, Nagoya (Japan) [Department of Neurosurgery, Nagoya University School of Medicine, Nagoya (Japan); Department of Neurosurgery, Fukushima Medical University School of Medicine, Fukushima (Japan); Natsume, Atsushi, E-mail: anatsume@med.nagoya-u.ac.jp [Department of Neurosurgery, Nagoya University School of Medicine, Nagoya (Japan)] [Department of Neurosurgery, Nagoya University School of Medicine, Nagoya (Japan); Iwami, Kenichiro; Ohka, Fumiharu [Department of Neurosurgery, Nagoya University School of Medicine, Nagoya (Japan)] [Department of Neurosurgery, Nagoya University School of Medicine, Nagoya (Japan); Kuchimaru, Takahiro; Kizaka-Kondoh, Shinae [Department of Biomolecular Engineering, Tokyo Institute of Technology Graduate School of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Yokohama (Japan)] [Department of Biomolecular Engineering, Tokyo Institute of Technology Graduate School of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Yokohama (Japan); Ito, Kengo [National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology, Aichi (Japan)] [National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology, Aichi (Japan); Saito, Kiyoshi [Department of Neurosurgery, Fukushima Medical University School of Medicine, Fukushima (Japan)] [Department of Neurosurgery, Fukushima Medical University School of Medicine, Fukushima (Japan); Sugita, Sachi; Hoshino, Tsuneyoshi [MICRON Inc.Medical Facilities Support Department, Aichi (Japan)] [MICRON Inc.Medical Facilities Support Department, Aichi (Japan); Wakabayashi, Toshihiko [Department of Neurosurgery, Nagoya University School of Medicine, Nagoya (Japan)] [Department of Neurosurgery, Nagoya University School of Medicine, Nagoya (Japan)

2013-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

316

What Should Adaptivity Mean to Interactive Software Programmers?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and adaptation are combined in a simple and innovative manner. Author Keywords Adaptive software, plasticity.2.11.Software engineering: Software Architectures INTRODUCTION Software adaptivity is a long time- stood as the self-modification of a system under context vari- ations, arose as a significant issue

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

317

Creating an adaptable workforce: important implications for CIOs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

talent Planning for leadership succession Fostering workforce adaptability Unquestionably, to winMarch 2008 Creating an adaptable workforce: important implications for CIOs #12;Creating an adaptable workforce: important implications for CIOs Page 2 Contents 2 Introduction 3 The IBM Global Human

318

Market-based mechanisms for climate change adaptation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency) and the National Climate Change Adaptation Research FacilityMarket-based mechanisms for climate change adaptation Final Report John McAneney, Ryan Crompton FOR CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION Assessing the potential for and limits to insurance and market-based mechanisms

Colorado at Boulder, University of

319

Adaptive control based on neural network system identification  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In adaptive control and system identification the self tuning regulator has wide range of applications. Neural network and artificial intelligence have big role in this area. This paper presents adaptive neural network control based on self tuning regulator ... Keywords: adaptive control, neural network, neuro control, self tuning regulator, system identification

Hassan E. A. Ibrahim

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Waters, Seas and Wine: Science for Successful Climate Adaptation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

is a growing demand for adaptation science as a vehicle for delivering critical knowledge to public and private organizations that are attempting to adapt to the changing climate. This expansion of adaptation science is occurring, however, in the absence of a robust understanding of how that science can or should contribute to successful adaptation. For the adaptation science enterprise to be successful, it must provide knowledge that has value to adaptation actors. Accomplishing this objective, however, often requires more than just research, and, in fact, may necessitate new cultural perspectives regarding the role of science in public policy as well as new kinds of researchers and research institutions. These issues are explored through a series of case studies from Australia and the United Kingdom that illustrate the various ways in which adaptation science engages with adaptation processes and the extent to which that science can be judged as successful. The case studies demonstrate that there are multiple pathways by which adaptation science can be successful, depending on the knowledge that is needed by a particular actor at a particular stage in the adaptation process. Nevertheless, there are significant opportunities for the more explicit alignment of the needs of decision-makers and the adaptation research that is undertaken as well as critical reflection on, and evaluation of, the return on investment from research that is pursued in the name of enabling adaptation.

Preston, Benjamin L [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "induced adaptive response" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Autopoiesis, the immune system, and adaptive information filtering  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Adaptive information filtering is a challenging and fascinating problem. It requires the adaptation of a representation of a user's multiple interests to various changes in them. We tackle this dynamic problem with Nootropia, a model inspired by the ... Keywords: Adaptive information filtering, Autopoiesis, Immune-inspired

Nikolaos Nanas; Anne Roeck

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Adaptive beam profile control using a simulated annealing algorithm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

adaptive optics system," Opt. Commun. 176, 339-345 (2000). 3. R. B. Shake and B. C. Platt, "Production. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, S. Backus, G. Vdovin "Adaptive pulse compensation for transform-limited 15-fs high-energy transverse mode control and optimisation of an all-solid-state laser using an intracavity adaptive

323

Adaptation Control in Adaptive Hypermedia Systems Hongjing Wu, Paul De Bra, Ad Aerts, Geert-Jan Houben  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

model for the architecture of adaptive hypermedia applications: AHAM (for Adaptive Hypermedia Application Model) [DHW99], which is an extension of the Dexter hypermedia reference model [HS90, HS94]. AHAM

Houben, Geert-Jan

324

Adaptation Control in Adaptive Hypermedia Systems Hongjing Wu, Paul De Bra, Ad Aerts, GeertJan Houben  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

model for the architecture of adaptive hypermedia applications: AHAM (for Adaptive Hypermedia Application Model) [DHW99], which is an extension of the Dexter hypermedia reference model [HS90, HS94]. AHAM

De Bra, Paul

325

Sodium pumps adapt spike bursting to stimulus Sara Arganda1,2,4, Raul Guantes1,3,4 & Gonzalo G de Polavieja1,2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sodium pumps adapt spike bursting to stimulus statistics Sara Arganda1,2,4, Rau´l Guantes1,3,4 & Gonzalo G de Polavieja1,2 Pump activity is a homeostatic mechanism that maintains ionic gradients. Here we examined whether the slow reduction in excitability induced by sodium-pump activity that has been seen

Guantes, Raúl

326

Seismic response of fractures and induced anisotropy in poroelastic ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

due to patchy brine-CO2 saturation and fractal porosity and consequently ...... quality of foods, groundwater flow and contamination among others. Thanks for...

santos

327

Response of continuous pipelines to tunnel induced ground deformations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis develops analytical solutions for estimating the bending moments and axial loads in a buried pipeline due to ground movements caused by tunnel construction in soft ground. The solutions combine closed-form, ...

Ieronymaki, Evangelia S

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

HIV Tat and mycobacteria-induced innate immune responses .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) and tuberculosis (TB) have posed diagnostic and therapeutic challenges globally. Nowadays, it is estimated that 34 millions people are living with (more)

???

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Experimental investigation and constitutive modeling of the large deformation behavior of anisotropic steel sheets undergoing strain-induced phase transformation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The strain-induced phase transformation from austenite to martensite is responsible for the high strength and ductility of TRansformation-Induced Plasticity (TRIP)- assisted steels. The large deformation behavior of ...

Beese, Allison M

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Forced response analysis of hydroelectric systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

At off-design operating points, Francis turbines develop cavitation vortex rope in the draft tube which may interact with the hydraulic system. Risk resonance assessment by means of eigenmodes computation of the system is usually performed. However, the system response to the excitation source induced by the cavitation vortex rope is not predicted in terms of amplitudes and phase. Only eigenmodes shapes with related frequencies and dampings can be predicted. Besides this modal analysis, the risk resonance assessment can be completed by a forced response analysis. This method allows identifying the contribution of each eigenmode into the system response which depends on the system boundary conditions and the excitation source location. In this paper, a forced response analysis of a Francis turbine hydroelectric power plant including hydraulic system, rotating train, electrical system and control devices is performed. First, the general methodology of the forced response analysis is presented and validated with time domain simulations. Then, analysis of electrical, hydraulic and hydroelectric systems are performed and compared to analyse the influence of control structures on pressure fluctuations induced by cavitation vortex rope.

S Allign; P C O Silva; A Bguin; B Kawkabani; P Allenbach; C Nicolet; F Avellan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Adaptive phase measurements for narrowband squeezed beams  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have previously [Phys. Rev. A 65, 043803 (2002)] analyzed adaptive measurements for estimating the continuously varying phase of a coherent beam, and a broadband squeezed beam. A real squeezed beam must have finite photon flux N and hence can be significantly squeezed only over a limited frequency range. In this paper we analyze adaptive phase measurements of this type for a realistic model of a squeezed beam. We show that, provided it is possible to suitably choose the parameters of the beam, a mean-square phase uncertainty scaling as (N/kappa)^{-5/8} is possible, where kappa is the linewidth of the beam resulting from the fluctuating phase. This is an improvement over the (N/kappa)^{-1/2} scaling found previously for coherent beams. In the experimentally realistic case where there is a limit on the maximum squeezing possible, the variance will be reduced below that for coherent beams, though the scaling is unchanged.

Dominic W. Berry; Howard M. Wiseman

2006-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

332

Multi-model adaptive spatial hypertext  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY Approved as to style and content by: ________________________________ Frank M. Shipman, III (Chair of Committee) ________________________________ Richard K. Furuta (Member...-Model Adaptive Spatial Hypertext. (December 2004) Luis Francisco-Revilla, B.S., Universidad Iberoamericana; M.S., Texas A&M University Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. Frank M. Shipman, III Information delivery on the Web often relies on general purpose Web...

Francisco-Revilla, Luis

2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

333

Adaptive excitation control in power systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

control input pu? and output gE? , we have puBxAx ?+?=? ? (2.25) xig ? (2.26) where ?? ? ?? ? ?== 6667 2 rJA , ?? ? ?? ?= 67 0 iB , [ ]08213.1=C 32....38) or puBxAx ?+?=? ? (2.39) xip ? (2.40) where p is a measurable output and iii C are uncertain system parameters. In the Chapter IV, we apply our adaptive control approaches to the real DAE system. We...

Chiu, Pei-Chen

2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

334

Robust adaptive control of HVDC systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The transient performance of an HVDC power system is highly dependent on the parameters of the current/voltage regulators of the converter controls. In order to better accommodate changes in system structure or dc operating conditions, this paper introduces a new adaptive control strategy. The advantages of automatic tuning for continuous fine tuning are combined with predetermined gain scheduling in order to achieve robustness for large disturbances. Examples are provided for a digitally simulated back-to-back dc system.

Reeve, J.; Sultan, M. (Univ. of Waterloo, Ontario (Canada))

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

E-Print Network 3.0 - adaptive learning environments Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

to adapt the learning environment... Adaptability and ... Source: Oppermann, Reinhard - Fraunhofer-Institute for Applied Information Technology & Fachbereich Informatik,...

336

Mass Market Demand Response  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Mass Market Demand Response Mass Market Demand Response Speaker(s): Karen Herter Date: July 24, 2002 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Demand response programs are often quickly and poorly crafted in reaction to an energy crisis and disappear once the crisis subsides, ensuring that the electricity system will be unprepared when the next crisis hits. In this paper, we propose to eliminate the event-driven nature of demand response programs by considering demand responsiveness a component of the utility obligation to serve. As such, demand response can be required as a condition of service, and the offering of demand response rates becomes a requirement of utilities as an element of customer service. Using this foundation, we explore the costs and benefits of a smart thermostat-based demand response system capable of two types of programs: (1) a mandatory,

337

Optimization Online - Adaptive Robust Optimization with Dynamic ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sep 29, 2014 ... Abstract: The exceptional benefits of wind power as an environmentally responsible renewable energy resource have led to an increasing...

Alvaro Lorca

2014-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

338

U-197: Cisco Adaptive Security Appliances Denial of Service Vulnerability |  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

97: Cisco Adaptive Security Appliances Denial of Service 97: Cisco Adaptive Security Appliances Denial of Service Vulnerability U-197: Cisco Adaptive Security Appliances Denial of Service Vulnerability June 22, 2012 - 7:00am Addthis PROBLEM: A vulnerability has been reported in Cisco Adaptive Security Appliances (ASA), which can be exploited by malicious people to cause a DoS (Denial of Service). PLATFORM: Cisco Adaptive Security Appliance (ASA) 8.x Cisco ASA 5500 Series Adaptive Security Appliances ABSTRACT: The vulnerability is caused due to an unspecified error when handling IPv6 transit traffic and can be exploited to cause a reload of the affected device. reference LINKS: Vendor Advisory Secunia ID 49647 CVE-2012-3058 IMPACT ASSESSMENT: High Discussion: Cisco ASA 5500 Series Adaptive Security Appliances (Cisco ASA) and Cisco

339

Economic Evaluation of Climate Change Adaptation Projects: Approaches for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Economic Evaluation of Climate Change Adaptation Projects: Approaches for Economic Evaluation of Climate Change Adaptation Projects: Approaches for the Agricultural Sector and Beyond Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Economic Evaluation of Climate Change Adaptation Projects: Approaches for the Agricultural Sector and Beyond Agency/Company /Organization: Global Environment Facility Sector: Land Focus Area: Agriculture Topics: Adaptation, Policies/deployment programs Website: siteresources.worldbank.org/ENVIRONMENT/Resources/DevCC1_Adaptation.pd Economic Evaluation of Climate Change Adaptation Projects: Approaches for the Agricultural Sector and Beyond Screenshot References: Economic Evaluation of Climate Change Adaptation Projects: Approaches for the Agricultural Sector and Beyond[1] Overview "This paper identifies key challenges and solutions for carrying out

340

Demand Response Assessment INTRODUCTION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Demand Response Assessment INTRODUCTION This appendix provides more detail on some of the topics raised in Chapter 4, "Demand Response" of the body of the Plan. These topics include 1. The features, advantages and disadvantages of the main options for stimulating demand response (price mechanisms

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "induced adaptive response" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Verifying a nuclear weapon`s response to radiation environments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The process described in the paper is being applied as part of the design verification of a replacement component designed for a nuclear weapon currently in the active stockpile. This process is an adaptation of the process successfully used in nuclear weapon development programs. The verification process concentrates on evaluating system response to radiation environments, verifying system performance during and after exposure to radiation environments, and assessing system survivability.

Dean, F.F.; Barrett, W.H.

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Advanced Demand Responsive Lighting  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Demand Demand Responsive Lighting Host: Francis Rubinstein Demand Response Research Center Technical Advisory Group Meeting August 31, 2007 10:30 AM - Noon Meeting Agenda * Introductions (10 minutes) * Main Presentation (~ 1 hour) * Questions, comments from panel (15 minutes) Project History * Lighting Scoping Study (completed January 2007) - Identified potential for energy and demand savings using demand responsive lighting systems - Importance of dimming - New wireless controls technologies * Advanced Demand Responsive Lighting (commenced March 2007) Objectives * Provide up-to-date information on the reliability, predictability of dimmable lighting as a demand resource under realistic operating load conditions * Identify potential negative impacts of DR lighting on lighting quality Potential of Demand Responsive Lighting Control

343

Mechanisms underlying cellular responses of cells from haemopoeitic tissue  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

underlying cellular responses of cells from haemopoeitic tissue underlying cellular responses of cells from haemopoeitic tissue to low dose-low LET radiation Munira Kadhim Oxford Brookes University Abstract Radiation-induced responses at the cellular and whole body levels are influenced by genetic predisposition, with implications for environmental and potentially, diagnostic exposures. Currently, the extent to which genetic background play a role in the mechanisms and signalling pathways involved in radiation-induced delayed Genomic Instability (GI) is not fully understood. In previous studies, our results have shown that the CBA/H and C57BL/6 mouse strains, have differing sensitivities in the induction of radiation-induced genomic instability (RIGI) in terms of chromosomal instability, following exposure to high dose-high LET and high dose-low LET

344

Characterization of abdominal adiposity and its relationship to adipokines and the adaptive immune response  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A large body of evidence demonstrates that obese pregnant women have a greater risk of pregnancy and delivery complications and poorer health outcomes compared with normal weight pregnant women. Most research on the impact of obesity in pregnancy...

Ozias, Marlies

2013-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

345

Adaptive response by single cell radiation hits?implications for nuclear workers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......and F r, for radioprotective AR for the four AR datasets showing mean single hits. Shown also are the...With respect to radioprotection in the event of a nuclear accident exposure of nuclear workers, Shadley and Wolfe(12) show a significant......

Bobby E. Leonard

2005-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

346

Plant responses associated with adaptation to low nitrogen stresses in selected Cynodon cultivars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

associated with low stress tolerant bermudgrass cultivars. Four Cynodon cultivars, Midway, Tifgreen, Texturf 10, and FB-119, were maintained at three nitrogen fertility levels for 10 bi-weekly observations of shoot height, internode length, number..., representing two species, were Midway (Cynodon dactylon x C. transvaalensis) which has a high nitrogen requirement; Tifgreen (C. dactylon x C. trans- vaalensis), a medium nitrogen requirement; and Texturf 10 (C. dac- tylon) and FB-119 (C. dactylon) both...

Sifers, Samuel I.

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

347

A systems approach to uncovering the adaptive response of cancer to targeted therapies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tyrosine kinase inhibitors have significant promise in the fight to develop agents that can target cancer in a tumor-specific manner. A number of drugs have been and are currently in development to inhibit specific kinases ...

Randall, Adrian Joseph

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Adaptive response of Yersinia pestis to extracellular effectors of innate immunity during bubonic plague  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...70 2.08 4.46 Conserved hypothetical protein dcuA YPO0347 2.72 3.18 3.13 B Anaerobic C4-dicarboxylate transporter dmsC YPO3323 6.05 3.73 3.48 4.69 Anaerobic dimethyl sulfoxide reductase chain C S. Function unknown ZZQQhy YPO1307 4.87...

Florent Sebbane; Nadine Lematre; Daniel E. Sturdevant; Roberto Rebeil; Kimmo Virtaneva; Stephen F. Porcella; B. Joseph Hinnebusch

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Adaptive response of Yersinia pestis to extracellular effectors of innate immunity during bubonic plague  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...to intracellular killing by macrophages (B). The mean and standard error of three experiments are shown. (C and D) Incidence of plague...72 3.18 3.13 B Anaerobic C4-dicarboxylate transporter dmsC YPO3323 6.05 3.73 3.48 4.69 Anaerobic dimethyl sulfoxide...

Florent Sebbane; Nadine Lematre; Daniel E. Sturdevant; Roberto Rebeil; Kimmo Virtaneva; Stephen F. Porcella; B. Joseph Hinnebusch

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Non-climatic thermal adaptation: implications for species' responses to climate warming  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Grahamstown, South Africa 3 The Swire Institute of...non-climatic heat sources (solar and geothermal) seems likely...Wald 2001 The European solar radiation atlas: a valuable digital tool. Solar Energy 71, 81-83. ( doi:10...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Molecular Mechanisms Involved in Adaptive Responses to Radiation, UV light, and Heat  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......B. (2002) The role of UV-B radiation in aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems-an experimental and functional analysis of...Takahashi, A. and Okaichi, K. (1999) Restoration of mutant TP53 to normal TP53 function by glycerol......

Akihisa Takahashi; Takeo Ohnishi

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

The molecular basis of adaptive evolution in yeast: response to ethanol.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Ethanol tolerance in Saccharomyces cerevisiae is a complex polygenic trait. As a toxin, ethanol damages multiple cell constituents as well as being both a substrate (more)

Smith, Daniel

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Demand response enabling technology development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Demand Response Enabling Technology Development Phase IEfficiency and Demand Response Programs for 2005/2006,Application to Demand Response Energy Pricing SenSys 2003,

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Demand Response Spinning Reserve Demonstration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

F) Enhanced ACP Date RAA ACP Demand Response SpinningReserve Demonstration Demand Response Spinning Reservesupply spinning reserve. Demand Response Spinning Reserve

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Cross-sector Demand Response  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Resources News & Events Expand News & Events Skip navigation links Smart Grid Demand Response Agricultural Residential Demand Response Commercial & Industrial Demand Response...

356

Demand Response Programs for Oregon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Demand Response Programs for Oregon Utilities Public Utility Commission May 2003 Public Utility ....................................................................................................................... 1 Types of Demand Response Programs............................................................................ 3 Demand Response Programs in Oregon

357

Demand response enabling technology development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

behavior in developing a demand response future. Phase_II_Demand Response Enabling Technology Development Phase IIYi Yuan The goal of the Demand Response Enabling Technology

Arens, Edward; Auslander, David; Huizenga, Charlie

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Automated Demand Response and Commissioning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fully-Automated Demand Response Test in Large Facilities14in DR systems. Demand Response using HVAC in Commercialof Fully Automated Demand Response in Large Facilities

Piette, Mary Ann; Watson, David S.; Motegi, Naoya; Bourassa, Norman

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Financing Climate Adaptation and Mitigation in Rural Areas of Developing  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Financing Climate Adaptation and Mitigation in Rural Areas of Developing Financing Climate Adaptation and Mitigation in Rural Areas of Developing Countries Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Financing Climate Adaptation and Mitigation in Rural Areas of Developing Countries Agency/Company /Organization: U.S. Agency for International Development Topics: Adaptation, Co-benefits assessment, Finance Resource Type: Publications Website: pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/PNADO826.pdf Financing Climate Adaptation and Mitigation in Rural Areas of Developing Countries Screenshot References: Financing Climate Adaptation and Mitigation in Rural Areas of Developing Countries[1] Summary "In order to determine how USAID assistance may help overcome barriers to financing these types of projects, this report addresses the following

360

Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation in the Tourism Sector | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation in the Tourism Sector Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation in the Tourism Sector Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation in the Tourism Sector Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Environment Programme Topics: Adaptation, Co-benefits assessment Resource Type: Publications Website: www.unep.fr/shared/publications/pdf/DTIx1047xPA-ClimateChange.pdf Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation in the Tourism Sector Screenshot References: Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation in the Tourism Sector[1] Summary "This document forms part of the " UNEP Manuals on Sustainable Tourism" and the UNWTO sustainable tourism policy guidebooks publication series, aiming to provide guidance to tourism stakeholders to integrate

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "induced adaptive response" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Adaptation to Climate Variability and Change: A Guidance Manual for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Adaptation to Climate Variability and Change: A Guidance Manual for Adaptation to Climate Variability and Change: A Guidance Manual for Development Planning Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Adaptation to Climate Variability and Change: A Guidance Manual for Development Planning Agency/Company /Organization: United States Agency for International Development Sector: Climate, Energy, Land, Water Topics: Adaptation Resource Type: Guide/manual Website: pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/PNADJ990.pdf References: Adaptation to Climate Variability and Change: A Guidance Manual for Development Planning[1] "This Adaptation Guidance Manual is the first of several tools we are developing to assist planners and stakeholders as they cope with a changing climate. As we work with Missions to apply the methods described here, we

362

Assessing Climate Change Impacts, Vulnerability and Adaptation: The Case of  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Impacts, Vulnerability and Adaptation: The Case of Impacts, Vulnerability and Adaptation: The Case of Pantabangan-Carranglan Watershed Jump to: navigation, search Name Assessing Climate Change Impacts, Vulnerability and Adaptation: The Case of Pantabangan-Carranglan Watershed Agency/Company /Organization World Agroforestry Centre Sector Land Focus Area Forestry Topics Adaptation, Background analysis, Co-benefits assessment Resource Type Publications Website http://www.worldagroforestry.o Country Philippines UN Region South-Eastern Asia References Assessing Climate Change Impacts, Vulnerability and Adaptation: The Case of Pantabangan-Carranglan Watershed[1] Assessing Climate Change Impacts, Vulnerability and Adaptation: The Case of Pantabangan-Carranglan Watershed Screenshot This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it.

363

Restricted Complexity Framework for Nonlinear Adaptive Control in Complex Systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Control law adaptation that includes implicit or explicit adaptive state estimation, can be a fundamental underpinning for the success of intelligent control in complex systems, particularly during subsystem failures, where vital system states and parameters can be impractical or impossible to measure directly. A practical algorithm is proposed for adaptive state filtering and control in nonlinear dynamic systems when the state equations are unknown or are too complex to model analytically. The state equations and inverse plant model are approximated by using neural networks. A framework for a neural network based nonlinear dynamic inversion control law is proposed, as an extrapolation of prior developed restricted complexity methodology used to formulate the adaptive state filter. Examples of adaptive filter performance are presented for an SSME simulation with high pressure turbine failure to support extrapolations to adaptive control problems.

Williams, Rube B. [Los Alamos National Laboratory, P.O. Box 1663, MS K575, Los Alamos, NM 87545 (United States)

2004-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

364

Mainstreaming Climate Change Adaptation into Development Planning: A Guide  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mainstreaming Climate Change Adaptation into Development Planning: A Guide Mainstreaming Climate Change Adaptation into Development Planning: A Guide for Practitioners Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Mainstreaming Climate Change Adaptation into Development Planning: A Guide for Practitioners Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Sector: Climate Focus Area: Economic Development Topics: Co-benefits assessment, Pathways analysis Resource Type: Guide/manual Website: www.unpei.org/component/docman/doc_download/79-pei-mainstreaming-clima Cost: Free Mainstreaming Climate Change Adaptation into Development Planning: A Guide for Practitioners Screenshot References: Mainstreaming Climate Change Adaptation into Development Planning: A Guide for Practitioners[1] Logo: Mainstreaming Climate Change Adaptation into Development Planning: A Guide for Practitioners

365

Supporting User Adaptation in Adaptive Hypermedia Applications Hongjing Wu, Geert-Jan Houben, Paul De Bra  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

applications, named AHAM (for Adaptive Hypermedia Application Model) [DHW99]. In AHAM knowledge is represented through hierarchies of large composite abstract concepts as well as small atomic ones. AHAM also divides. In this paper, we concentrate on the user modeling aspects of AHAM, but also describe how they relate

Houben, Geert-Jan

366

Supporting User Adaptation in Adaptive Hypermedia Applications Hongjing Wu, GeertJan Houben, Paul De Bra  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

applications, named AHAM (for Adaptive Hypermedia Application Model) [DHW99]. In AHAM knowledge is represented through hierarchies of large composite abstract concepts as well as small atomic ones. AHAM also divides. In this paper, we concentrate on the user modeling aspects of AHAM, but also describe how they relate

De Bra, Paul

367

A linearly constrained adaptive algorithm for seismic array processing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is described. The constrained IPS adaptive algorithm of Frost ( 1972) is derived from this linearly constrained LNS algorithm and compared with other algorithms. Theoretical analyses show that the constrained LMS adaptive algorithm is able to provide1 a... better than simple channel-averaging. hut in the case of the real seismic data, it takes advantage of the coher- ence feature of noise between channels to reduce the noise power. Further experiments indicate that the constrained LNS adaptive algorithm...

Byun, Bok Sub

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

368

Adaptive heterogeneous multi-robot teams  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This research addresses the problem of achieving fault tolerant cooperation within small- to medium-sized teams of heterogeneous mobile robots. The author describes a novel behavior-based, fully distributed architecture, called ALLIANCE, that utilizes adaptive action selection to achieve fault tolerant cooperative control in robot missions involving loosely coupled, largely independent tasks. The robots in this architecture possess a variety of high-level functions that they can perform during a mission, and must at all times select an appropriate action based on the requirements of the mission, the activities of other robots, the current environmental conditions, and their own internal states. Since such cooperative teams often work in dynamic and unpredictable environments, the software architecture allows the team members to respond robustly and reliably to unexpected environmental changes and modifications in the robot team that may occur due to mechanical failure, the learning of new skills, or the addition or removal of robots from the team by human intervention. After presenting ALLIANCE, the author describes in detail the experimental results of an implementation of this architecture on a team of physical mobile robots performing a cooperative box pushing demonstration. These experiments illustrate the ability of ALLIANCE to achieve adaptive, fault-tolerant cooperative control amidst dynamic changes in the capabilities of the robot team.

Parker, L.E.

1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Adaptive Non-Boltzmann Monte Carlo  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This manuscript generalizes the use of transition probabilities (TPs) between states, which are efficient relative to histogram procedures in deriving system properties. The empirical TPs of the simulation depend on the importance weights and are temperature-specific, so they are not conducive to accumulating statistics as weights change or to extrapolating in temperature. To address these issues, the authors provide a method for inferring Boltzmann-weighted TPs for one temperature from simulations run at other temperatures and/or at different adaptively varying importance weights. They refer to these as canonical transition probabilities (CTPs). System properties are estimated from CTPs. Statistics on CTPs are gathered by inserting a low-cost easily-implemented bookkeeping step into the Metropolis algorithm for non-Boltzmann sampling. The CTP method is inherently adaptive, can take advantage of partitioning of the state space into small regions using either serial or (embarrassingly) parallel architectures, and reduces variance by avoiding histogramming. They also demonstrate how system properties may be extrapolated in temperature from CTPs without the extra memory required by using energy as a microstate label. Nor does it require the solution of non-linear equations used in histogram methods.

Fitzgerald, M.; Picard, R.R.; Silver, R.N.

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Adaptive management of coastal ecosystem restoration projects  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

There is a clear need to apply better and more effective management schemes to coastal ecosystem restoration projects. It is very common for aquatic ecosystem restoration projects not to meet their goals. Poor performance has led to a high degree of uncertainty about the potential success of any restoration effort. Under adaptive management, the knowledge gained through monitoring of the project and social policies is translated into restoration policy and program redesign. Planners and managers can utilize the information from the monitoring programs in an effective way to assure that project goals are met or that informed and objective decisions are made to address both ecological and societal needs. The three main ingredients of an effective adaptive management plan in a restoration project are: (1) a clear goal statement; (2) a conceptual model; and (3) a decision framework. The goal drives the design of the project and helps guide the development of performance criteria. The goal statement and performance criteria provide the means by which the system can be judged. With the conceptual model, the knowledge base from the field of ecological science plays an active and critical role in designing the project to meet the goal. A system-development matrix provides a simple decision framework to view the alternative states for the system during development, incorporate knowledge gained through the monitoring program, and formulate a decision on actions to take if the system is not meeting its goal.

Ronald M Thom

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Response Protocol Distressed Students  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Response Protocol Distressed Students REFERRAL IDENTIFIERS: Student distress may manifest, the Distressed Student Protocol will assist you in responding to the student and providing appropriate referrals

California at Santa Barbara, University of

372

Demand Response In California  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presentation covers the demand response in California and is given at the FUPWG 2006 Fall meeting, held on November 1-2, 2006 in San Francisco, California.

373

GADRAS Detector Response Function.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Gamma Detector Response and Analysis Software (GADRAS) applies a Detector Response Function (DRF) to compute the output of gamma-ray and neutron detectors when they are exposed to radiation sources. The DRF is fundamental to the ability to perform forward calculations (i.e., computation of the response of a detector to a known source), as well as the ability to analyze spectra to deduce the types and quantities of radioactive material to which the detectors are exposed. This document describes how gamma-ray spectra are computed and the significance of response function parameters that define characteristics of particular detectors.

Mitchell, Dean J.; Harding, Lee; Thoreson, Gregory G; Horne, Steven M.

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

PPAR?-dependent induction of the energy homeostasis-regulating nuclear receptor \\{NR1i3\\} (CAR) in rat hepatocytes: Potential role in starvation adaptation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A tight hormonal control of energy homeostasis is of pivotal relevance for animals. Recent evidence suggests an involvement of the nuclear receptor \\{NR1i3\\} (CAR). Fasting induces CAR by largely unknown mechanisms and CAR-deficient mice are defective in fasting adaptation. In rat hepatocytes CAR was induced by WY14643, a PPAR?-agonist. A DR1 motif in the CAR promoter was necessary and sufficient for this control. The PPAR?-dependent increase in CAR potentiated the phenobarbital-induced transcription of the prototypical CAR-dependent gene CYP2B1. Since free fatty acids are natural ligands for PPAR?, a fasting-induced increase in free fatty acids might induce CAR. In accordance with this hypothesis, CAR induction by fasting was abrogated in PPAR?-deficient mice.

Nadine Wieneke; Karen I. Hirsch-Ernst; Manuela Kuna; Sander Kersten; Gerhard P. Pschel

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Regional Climate Change Adaptation Platform for Asia | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Platform for Asia Platform for Asia Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Regional Climate Change Adaptation Platform for Asia Name Regional Climate Change Adaptation Platform for Asia Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Environment Programme, Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency, Stockholm Environment Institute, Asian Institute of Technology/UNEP Regional Resource Centre for Asia and the Pacific Topics Adaptation, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.climateadapt.asia/ Country Cambodia, China, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines UN Region Eastern Asia, South-Eastern Asia References Regional Climate Change Adaptation Platform for Asia[1] Overview "This initiative supports research and capacity building on climate change

376

The Cost to Developing Countries of Adapting to Climate Change...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

to Climate Change Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: The Cost to Developing Countries of Adapting to Climate Change AgencyCompany Organization:...

377

A synthetic DNA based approach to design of adaptive systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Development of large engineered systems involves large amount of investments. Yet the value of these systems decreases significantly as requirements and environments change. For mission critical systems the capability of adapting to unpredictable situations is the key for success. While the importance of system adaptability has been recognized, little research has been done for design for adaptability. We take a naturalistic design approach to developing adaptive lifelike systems by exploiting natural design processes and mimicking its DNA based way of capturing, representing and applying design information pertaining to needed functions and changing operational situations. The concepts and examples of this approach are discussed.

Y. Jin; G.E. Zouein; S.C.-Y. Lu

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Financing Climate Adaptation and Mitigation in Rural Areas of...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

areas that USAID could explore to enable the implementation of projects that produce climate change benefits." References "Financing Climate Adaptation and Mitigation in...

379

Quantitative Adaptation Analytics for Assessing Dynamic Systems of Systems.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Our society is increasingly reliant on systems and interoperating collections of systems, known as systems of systems (SoS). These SoS are often subject to changing missions (e.g., nation- building, arms-control treaties), threats (e.g., asymmetric warfare, terrorism), natural environments (e.g., climate, weather, natural disasters) and budgets. How well can SoS adapt to these types of dynamic conditions? This report details the results of a three year Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) project aimed at developing metrics and methodologies for quantifying the adaptability of systems and SoS. Work products include: derivation of a set of adaptability metrics, a method for combining the metrics into a system of systems adaptability index (SoSAI) used to compare adaptability of SoS designs, development of a prototype dynamic SoS (proto-dSoS) simulation environment which provides the ability to investigate the validity of the adaptability metric set, and two test cases that evaluate the usefulness of a subset of the adaptability metrics and SoSAI for distinguishing good from poor adaptability in a SoS. Intellectual property results include three patents pending: A Method For Quantifying Relative System Adaptability, Method for Evaluating System Performance, and A Method for Determining Systems Re-Tasking.

Gauthier, John H.; Miner, Nadine E.; Wilson, Michael L.; Le, Hai D.; Kao, Gio K; Melander, Darryl J.; Longsine, Dennis Earl [Sandia National Laboratories, Unknown, Unknown; Vander Meer, Robert Charles,

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

ADAPT Elektronik GmbH | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GmbH Jump to: navigation, search Name: ADAPT Elektronik GmbH Place: Grobheubach, Germany Zip: 63920 Sector: Solar Product: Germany-based manufacturer of electronic connector...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "induced adaptive response" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Development based climate change adaptation and mitigation-conceptual...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

based climate change adaptation and mitigation-conceptual issues and lessons learned in studies in developing countries Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name:...

382

Adaptation to Climate Variability and Change: A Guidance Manual...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

to Climate Variability and Change: A Guidance Manual for Development Planning Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Adaptation to Climate Variability and...

383

Adapting Urban Transport to Climate Change- Module 5f - Sustainable...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Adapting Urban Transport to Climate Change- Module 5f - Sustainable transport: a sourcebook for policy-makers in developing cities Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH...

384

Economic Evaluation of Climate Change Adaptation Projects: Approaches...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

of Climate Change Adaptation Projects: Approaches for the Agricultural Sector and Beyond Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Economic Evaluation of Climate...

385

How to Integrate Climate Change Adaptation into National-Level...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Integrate Climate Change Adaptation into National-Level Policy and Planning in the Water Sector Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: How to Integrate Climate...

386

Ethiopia-Climate Change National Adaptation Programme of Action...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Action Jump to: navigation, search Name Ethiopia-Climate Change National Adaptation Programme of Action AgencyCompany Organization United Nations Development Programme, Global...

387

Agricultural Technologies for Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Agricultural Technologies for Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation in Developing Countries: Policy Options for...

388

Benin-National Adaptation Plan Global Support Programme (NAP...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Adaptation Plans (NAPs). NAPs will bring greater focus and coordination to country-led efforts in disaster management and disaster risk reduction, and climate change...

389

Bangladesh-National Adaptation Plan Global Support Programme...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Adaptation Plans (NAPs). NAPs will bring greater focus and coordination to country-led efforts in disaster management and disaster risk reduction, and climate change...

390

Burkina Faso-National Adaptation Plan Global Support Programme...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Adaptation Plans (NAPs). NAPs will bring greater focus and coordination to country-led efforts in disaster management and disaster risk reduction, and climate change...

391

Applying Climate Information for Adaptation Decision-Making:...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Applying Climate Information for Adaptation Decision-Making: A Guidance and Resource Document Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Applying Climate...

392

Optimization Online - An Adaptive Partition-based Approach for ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dec 2, 2014 ... Our computational results show that the proposed adaptive partition-based approach converges very fast to a small partition for our test...

Yongjia Song

2014-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

393

USE OF QUADRATIC MODELS WITH MESH ADAPTIVE DIRECT ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mar 6, 2011 ... differences remain: the mesh adaptive direct search (MADS [6, ... implicit filtering method described in [19] may also be viewed as a hybrid...

Le Digabel

2011-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

394

Modeling and adaptive control of indoor unmanned aerial vehicles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The operation of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) in constrained indoor environments presents many unique challenges in control and planning. This thesis investigates modeling, adaptive control and trajectory optimization ...

Michini, Bernard (Bernard J.)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Characterizing Uncertainty for Regional Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation Decisions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This white paper describes the results of new research to develop an uncertainty characterization process to help address the challenges of regional climate change mitigation and adaptation decisions.

Unwin, Stephen D.; Moss, Richard H.; Rice, Jennie S.; Scott, Michael J.

2011-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

396

Africa Adaptation Programme: Capacity Building Experiences-Improving...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Data and Information Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Africa Adaptation Programme: Capacity Building Experiences-Improving Access, Understanding...

397

Disorder-Induced Microscopic Magnetic Memory  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Disorder-Induced Microscopic Disorder-Induced Microscopic Magnetic Memory Disorder-Induced Microscopic Magnetic Memory Print Wednesday, 26 October 2005 00:00 The magnetic-recording industry deliberately introduces carefully controlled disorder into its materials to obtain the desired magnetic properties. But as the density of magnetic disks climbs, the size of the magnetic domains responsible for storage must decrease, posing new challenges. Beautiful theories based on random microscopic disorder have been developed over the past ten years. To directly compare these theories with precise experiments, an American-European team, led by researchers from the University of Washington, Seattle, first developed and then applied coherent x-ray speckle metrology to microscopic magnetic domains in a series of thin multilayer perpendicular magnetic materials of varying disorder. Their results, at odds with all previous theories, have set a new reference point for future theories.

398

Friction Induced Skin Tags  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Duplantis KL, Jones BH. Friction blisters. Pathophysiology,Friction Induced Skin Tags Francisco Allegue MD 1 , Carmenetiopathogenic role for friction. Introduction Skin tags (

Allegue, Francisco; Fachal, Carmen; Prez-Prez, Lidia

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Probing other solar systems with current and future adaptive optics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Over the past decade, the study of extrasolar planets through indirect techniques--primarily Doppler measurements--has revolutionized our understanding of other solar systems. The next major step in this field will be the direct detection and characterization, via imaging and spectroscopy, of the planets themselves. To achieve this, we must separate the light from the faint planet from the extensive glare of its parent star. We pursued this goal using the current generation of adaptive optics (AO) systems on large ground-based telescopes, using infrared imaging to search for the thermal emission from young planets and developing image processing techniques to distinguish planets from telescope-induced artifacts. Our new Angular Differential Imaging (ADI) technique, which uses the sidereal rotation of the Earth and telescope, is now standard for ground-based high-contrast imaging. Although no young planets were found in our surveys, we placed the strongest limits yet on giant planets in wide orbits (>30 AU) around young stars and characterized planetary companion candidates. The imaging of planetary companions on solar-system-like scales (5-30 AU) will require a new generation of advanced AO systems that are an order of magnitude more powerful than the LLNL-built Keck AO system. We worked to develop and test the key technologies needed for these systems, including a spatially-filtered wavefront sensor, efficient and accurate wavefront reconstruction algorithms, and precision AO wavefront control at the sub-nm level. LLNL has now been selected by the Gemini Observatory to lead the construction of the Gemini Planet Imager, a $24M instrument that will be the most advanced AO system in the world.

Macintosh, B; Marois, C; Phillion, D; Poyneer, L; Graham, J; Zuckerman, B; Gavel, D; Veran, J; Wilhelmsen-Evans, J; Mellis, C

2008-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

400

Information Incident Response Procedure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Information Incident Response Procedure Authority The Information Incident Response Procedure (IIRP) is authorized under the UWM Information Security Policy S59; section III-D (http://www4.uwm Information Security Office, and UWM Internal Audit. This document will be reviewed and updated annually

Saldin, Dilano

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "induced adaptive response" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

ENERGY EMERGENCY RESPONSE PLAN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION ENERGY EMERGENCY RESPONSE PLAN COMMISSIONREPORT October 2006 CEC-600-2006-014 Arnold Schwarzenegger, Governor #12;CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION Jackalyne Pfannenstiel Chairman James D Deputy Director FUELS AND TRANSPORTATION DIVISION #12;The Energy Emergency Response Plan is prepared

402

RESPONSIBILITIES October 2012  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PRINCIPLES RESPONSIBILITIES PRACTICES October 2012 HEALTH & SAFETY POLICY AT STANFORD #12;1 Health & Safety Policy at Stanford October 2012 Table of Contents PRINCIPLES OF HEALTH & SAFETY 2 RESPONSIBILITIES PROVIDING A SAFE WORKPLACE 4 Facility Design 4 Hazard Identification and Correction 4 Shutdown of Dangerous

Kay, Mark A.

403

Eastern Frequency Response Study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study was specifically designed to investigate the frequency response of the Eastern Interconnection that results from large loss-of-generation events of the type targeted by the North American Electric Reliability Corp. Standard BAL-003 Frequency Response and Frequency Bias Setting (NERC 2012a), under possible future system conditions with high levels of wind generation.

Miller, N.W.; Shao, M.; Pajic, S.; D'Aquila, R.

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Adaptive governance and institutional strategies for climate-induced community relocations in Alaska  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...engineering services to reduce risks from disasters, including flood...city government, which is a political subdivision of the State of Alaska...restrictions of the National Flood Insurance Program prevent government agencies from...assessment of climate-related risks that fosters leadership and...

Robin Bronen; F. Stuart Chapin III

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

CitiSense Adaptive Services for Community-Driven Behavioral and Environmental Monitoring to Induce  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

times nor at equal risk for asthma or other harmful consequences of air pollution. What if everyday RI³FLWL]HQ LQIUDVWUXFWXUH´ for the monitoring of pollution and environmental conditions that users by users, data about pollutants such as ozone and carbon monoxide is collected and used to provide real

Simunic, Tajana

406

Response Time-based Self-tuning Fuzzy Control of Virtualized Resources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, originally developed for response time assurance in web servers to resource allocation in virtualized environments. We introduce mechanisms for adaptive output amplification and flexible rule selection in the STFC are difficult to estimate due to time-varying and diverse workload. More importantly, client-perceived quality

Xu, Cheng-Zhong

407

An adaptive attack on Wiesner's quantum money  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Unlike classical money, which is hard to forge for practical reasons (e.g. producing paper with a certain property), quantum money is attractive because its security might be based on the no-cloning theorem. The first quantum money scheme was introduced by Wiesner circa 1970. Although more sophisticated quantum money schemes were proposed, Wiesner's scheme remained appealing because it is both conceptually clean and relatively easy to implement. We show efficient adaptive attacks on Wiesner's quantum money scheme [Wie83] (and its variant by Bennett et al. [BBBW83]), when valid money is accepted and passed on, while invalid money is destroyed. We propose two attacks, the first is inspired by the Elitzur-Vaidman bomb testing problem [EV93, KWH+95], while the second is based on the idea of protective measurements [AAV93]. It allows us to break Wiesner's scheme with 4 possible states per qubit, and generalizations which use more than 4 states per qubit.

Aharon Brodutch; Daniel Nagaj; Or Sattath; Dominique Unruh

2014-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

408

Adaptive Probabilistic Flooding for Multipath Routing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this work, we develop a distributed source routing algorithm for topology discovery suitable for ISP transport networks, that is however inspired by opportunistic algorithms used in ad hoc wireless networks. We propose a plug-and-play control plane, able to find multiple paths toward the same destination, and introduce a novel algorithm, called adaptive probabilistic flooding, to achieve this goal. By keeping a small amount of state in routers taking part in the discovery process, our technique significantly limits the amount of control messages exchanged with flooding -- and, at the same time, it only minimally affects the quality of the discovered multiple path with respect to the optimal solution. Simple analytical bounds, confirmed by results gathered with extensive simulation on four realistic topologies, show our approach to be of high practical interest.

Betoule, Christophe; Clavier, Remi; Rossi, Dario; Rossini, Giuseppe; Thouenon, Gilles

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Adaptive model training system and method  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An adaptive model training system and method for filtering asset operating data values acquired from a monitored asset for selectively choosing asset operating data values that meet at least one predefined criterion of good data quality while rejecting asset operating data values that fail to meet at least the one predefined criterion of good data quality; and recalibrating a previously trained or calibrated model having a learned scope of normal operation of the asset by utilizing the asset operating data values that meet at least the one predefined criterion of good data quality for adjusting the learned scope of normal operation of the asset for defining a recalibrated model having the adjusted learned scope of normal operation of the asset.

Bickford, Randall L; Palnitkar, Rahul M

2014-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

410

Adaptive model training system and method  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An adaptive model training system and method for filtering asset operating data values acquired from a monitored asset for selectively choosing asset operating data values that meet at least one predefined criterion of good data quality while rejecting asset operating data values that fail to meet at least the one predefined criterion of good data quality; and recalibrating a previously trained or calibrated model having a learned scope of normal operation of the asset by utilizing the asset operating data values that meet at least the one predefined criterion of good data quality for adjusting the learned scope of normal operation of the asset for defining a recalibrated model having the adjusted learned scope of normal operation of the asset.

Bickford, Randall L; Palnitkar, Rahul M; Lee, Vo

2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

411

Phase sensor for solar adaptive-optics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wavefront sensing in solar adaptive-optics is currently done with correlating Shack-Hartmann sensors, although the spatial- and temporal-resolutions of the phase measurements are then limited by the extremely fast computing required to correlate the sensor signals at the frequencies of daytime atmospheric-fluctuations. To avoid this limitation, a new wavefront-sensing technique is presented, that makes use of the solar brightness and is applicable to extended sources. The wavefront is sent through a modified Mach-Zehnder interferometer. A small, central part of the wavefront is used as reference and is made to interfere with the rest of the wavefront. The contrast of two simultaneously measured interference-patterns provides a direct estimate of the wavefront phase, no additional computation being required. The proposed optical layout shows precise initial alignment to be the critical point in implementing the new wavefront-sensing scheme.

Kellerer, Aglae

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Electronic-structure calculations in adaptive coordinates  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The plane-wave method for electronic-structure calculations is reformulated in generalized curvilinear coordinates. This introduces a new set of basis functions that depend continuously on a coordinate transformation, and can adapt themselves to represent optimally the solutions of the Schrdinger equation. As a consequence, the effective plane-wave energy cutoff is allowed to vary in the unit cell in an unbiased way. The efficiency of this method is demonstrated in the calculation of the equilibrium structures of the CO and H2O molecules using the local-density approximation of density-functional theory, and norm-conserving, nonlocal pseudopotentials. The easy evaluation of forces on all degrees of freedom makes the method suitable for ab initio molecular-dynamics applications.

Franois Gygi

1993-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

413

Adaptive Competition, Market Efficiency, and Phase Transitions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In many social and biological systems agents simultaneously and adaptively compete for limited resources, thereby altering their environment. We analyze a simple model that incorporates fundamental features of such systems. If the space of strategies available to the agents is small, the system is in a phase in which all information available to the agents' strategies is traded away, and agents' choices are maladaptive, resulting in a poor collective utilization of resources. For larger strategy spaces, the system is in a phase in which the agents are able to coordinate their actions to achieve a better utilization of resources. The best utilization of resources occurs at a critical point, when the dimension of the strategy space is on the order of the number of agents.

Robert Savit; Radu Manuca; Rick Riolo

1999-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

414

ADAPTIVE ONLINE ENERGY SAVING FOR HETEROGENEOUS SENSOR Meikang Qiu1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ADAPTIVE ONLINE ENERGY SAVING FOR HETEROGENEOUS SENSOR NETWORKS Meikang Qiu1 Jingtong Hu2 Edwin H-to-predict environments and have limited lifetime. We use a novel adaptive online energy saving (AOES) algorithm to save as a probabilistic random variable to save energy by se- lecting the best mode assignment for each node, which

Sha, Edwin

415

Structural adaptations to diverse fighting styles in sexually selected weapons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Structural adaptations to diverse fighting styles in sexually selected weapons Erin L. McCullough1 11, 2014 (received for review May 22, 2014) The shapes of sexually selected weapons differ widely weapon shapes reflect structural adaptations to different fighting styles, yet explicit tests

Emlen, Douglas J.

416

Grid Computing: Adaptive Software, Tools, and Applications Call For Papers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Grid Computing: Adaptive Software, Tools, and Applications Call For Papers Software Technology Mini-Track, HICSS-41 http://wcl.cs.rpi.edu/hicss-grid/ Grid computing environments are highly heteroge- neous and dynamic. Software for grid computing must be able to adapt dynamically to changes in the underlying

Varela, Carlos

417

Parametric Adaptive Spectrum Sensing Framework for Dynamic Spectrum Access Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- ture for dynamic spectrum sensing. In our approach, the radio learns the statistics of the channel Spectrum Sensing Architecture The proposed PASS architecture enables the radio to adapt its spectrumParametric Adaptive Spectrum Sensing Framework for Dynamic Spectrum Access Networks Dinesh Datla

Kansas, University of

418

Sufficient Conditions for Well-behaved Adaptive Hypermedia Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for the architecture of adaptive hypermedia applications: the Adaptive Hypermedia Application Model (AHAM) [DHW99]. AHAM describes AHS at an abstract level, using an architecture consisting of three parts: · a domain (AE) are discussed in earlier paper [WDD01]. We defined a rule language for AHS, AHAM-CA and proposed

De Bra, Paul

419

Adapting to Climate Change and Variability in the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

projects form part of the broader regional Project. As part of the Project, a Symposium Adapting to Climate the Project. The stakeholders responded by sharing their perspectives on the impacts of the climate change1 Adapting to Climate Change and Variability in the Great Lakes-St. Lawrence Basin PROCEEDINGS

420

Saving Energy with Architectural and Frequency Adaptations for Multimedia Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Saving Energy with Architectural and Frequency Adaptations for Multimedia Applications will benefit DVS. Our adaptation control algorithm is effective in saving energy and exploits most. The existence of this idle time, called slack, implies that the processor can be slowed to save energy

Adve, Sarita

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "induced adaptive response" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Non-Adaptive Complex Group Testing with Multiple Positive Sets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Non-Adaptive Complex Group Testing with Multiple Positive Sets Francis Y.L. Chin, Henry C.M. Leung Given n items with at most d of them having a particular property (referred as positive items), a test-adaptive group testing problem is to design how to group the items to minimize the number of tests required

Chin, Francis Y.L.

422

Efficiently Decodable Non-adaptive Group Testing Piotr Indyk  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The answer to the test tells whether xi = 0 for all i S or not. The objective is to design as few tests]. In this case, items are blood samples, which are positive if they are infected, and a test is a pool of samples: the outcome of one test cannot be used to adaptively design another test. Non- adaptive group testing (NAGT

423

Runtime Performance Modeling and Measurement of Adaptive Distributed Object Applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Distributed applications that can adapt at runtime to changing quality of service (QoS) require a model of the expected QoS and of the possible application adaptations. QoS models in turn require runtime measurements, both in-band and out-of-band, from ...

John A. Zinky; Joseph P. Loyall; Richard Shapiro

2002-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Overcoming Dataset Bias: An Unsupervised Domain Adaptation Approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Overcoming Dataset Bias: An Unsupervised Domain Adaptation Approach Boqing Gong Dept. of Computer that recognition datasets are biased. Paying no heed to those biases, learning algorithms often result in classifiers with poor cross- dataset generalization. We are developing domain adaptation techniques to over

Grauman, Kristen

425

Adaptive Optics in Astronomy Jay J. McCarthy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Adaptive Optics in Astronomy Jay J. McCarthy NW Computational Intelligence Laboratory Portland State University Abstract ­ The field of adaptive optics (AO) has developed as a means to correct for the phase disturbances of an optical signal by understanding the medium through which it passes. This paper

La Rosa, Andres H.

426

Adaptive Organizations and Emergent Forms Kathleen M. Carley  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

individual learning (micro-behavior) and organizational learning and adaptation (macro of organizations using intelligent artificial agents. Using ORGAHEAD, a multi-agent model of organizational behavior, a series of virtual experiments were run to examine issues of organizational adaptation. Results

Sadeh, Norman M.

427

Adaptive Organizations and Emergent Forms Kathleen M. Carley  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

learning (micro-behavior) and organizational learning and adaptation (macro-behavior) is the subject of organizations using intelligent artificial agents. Using ORGAHEAD, a multi-agent model of organizational behavior, a series of virtual experiments were run to examine issues of organizational adaptation. Results

Sadeh, Norman M.

428

Adaptive Management Strategies May be Answer to Water Disputes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Adaptive Management Strategies May be Answer to Water Disputes LINCOLN, Neb. -- Adaptive management leader in water- management and water-quality research. It has the largest underground aquifer in 1971 spurred new water management districts. Later developments have sought to undo environmental

Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

429

Energy-aware complexity adaptation for mobile video calls  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

High energy consumption has become a challenge for multimedia applications on mobile platforms. We propose a cross layer framework that integrates complexity adaptation and energy conservation for mobile video calls. First we select the most utility-aware ... Keywords: adaptation, energy-use optimization, mobile video calls

Haiyang Ma; Deepak Gangadharan; Nalini Venkatasubramanian; Roger Zimmermann

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Are three-dimensional spider webs defensive adaptations?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LETTER Are three-dimensional spider webs defensive adaptations? Todd A. Blackledge1 *, Jonathan A-mail: tab42@cornell.edu Abstract Spider webs result from complex behaviours that have evolved under many selective pressures. Webs have been primarily considered to be foraging adaptations, neglecting

Blackledge, Todd

431

On Adaptive Mesh Refinement for Atmospheric Pollution Models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On Adaptive Mesh Refinement for Atmospheric Pollution Models Emil M. Constantinescu and Adrian Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2005 #12;On Adaptive Mesh Refinement for Atmospheric Pollution Models 799 res- olution system for modeling regional air pollution based on the chemical transport model STEM

Sandu, Adrian

432

Fast Concurrent Dynamic Linking for an Adaptive Operating System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fast Concurrent Dynamic Linking for an Adaptive Operating System Crispin Cowan, Tito Autrey operating system is one that can adapt to some particular circumstance to gain some functional or perfor due to the cost of inter-process protection barriers. Commercial operating systems that can e ciently

Walpole, Jonathan

433

Africa Adaptation Programme: Capacity Building Experiences-Improving  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Africa Adaptation Programme: Capacity Building Experiences-Improving Africa Adaptation Programme: Capacity Building Experiences-Improving Access, Understanding and Application of Climate Data and Information Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Africa Adaptation Programme: Capacity Building Experiences-Improving Access, Understanding and Application of Climate Data and Information Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Sector: Climate, Energy Topics: Adaptation, Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access Resource Type: Dataset, Lessons learned/best practices Website: www.undp.org/environment/library.shtml Cost: Free UN Region: Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa Language: English Africa Adaptation Programme: Capacity Building Experiences-Improving Access, Understanding and Application of Climate Data and Information Screenshot

434

Agricultural Technologies for Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation in  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Agricultural Technologies for Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation in Agricultural Technologies for Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation in Developing Countries: Policy Options for Innovations and Technology Diffusion Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Agricultural Technologies for Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation in Developing Countries: Policy Options for Innovations and Technology Diffusion Agency/Company /Organization: International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development Sector: Land Focus Area: Agriculture, Biomass Topics: Adaptation, Implementation, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Guide/manual, Publications Website: ictsd.org/downloads/2010/06/agricultural-technologies-for-climate-chan Language: English Agricultural Technologies for Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation in Developing Countries: Policy Options for Innovations and Technology Diffusion Screenshot

435

T-696: RSA Adaptive Authentication Has Unspecified Remote Authenticated  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

6: RSA Adaptive Authentication Has Unspecified Remote 6: RSA Adaptive Authentication Has Unspecified Remote Authenticated Session Re-use Flaw T-696: RSA Adaptive Authentication Has Unspecified Remote Authenticated Session Re-use Flaw August 18, 2011 - 3:09pm Addthis PROBLEM: A vulnerability was reported in RSA Adaptive Authentication. PLATFORM: 6.0.2.1 SP1 Patch 2 and SP1 Patch 3, 6.0.2.1 SP2 and SP2 Patch 1, 6.0.2.1 SP3 ABSTRACT: An issue with Adaptive Authentication (On-Premise) was discovered which in certain circumstances might affect the out-of-the-box available authentication methods. In certain circumstances, when authentication information is compromised, and with the knowledge of additional session information, the authentication information might be reused within an active session. reference LINKS: Security Tracker: 1025956

436

Asia-Pacific Regional Climate Change Adaptation Assessment | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Asia-Pacific Regional Climate Change Adaptation Assessment Asia-Pacific Regional Climate Change Adaptation Assessment Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Asia-Pacific Regional Climate Change Adaptation Assessment Agency/Company /Organization: U.S. Agency for International Development Sector: Energy Topics: Adaptation, Co-benefits assessment, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Publications Website: www.usaid.gov/rdma/documents/RDMA_Asia-Pacific_Climate_Change_Adaptati Country: China, Bangladesh, India, Indonesia, Laos, Marshall Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam, Cambodia, Maldives, Mongolia, Nepal, Papua New Guinea, Timor-Leste, Solomon Islands, Sri Lanka, Vanuatu UN Region: Central Asia, Eastern Asia, South-Eastern Asia References: Asia-Pacific Adaptation Assessment[1]

437

India-Vulnerability Assessment and Enhancing Adaptive Capacities to Climate  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Vulnerability Assessment and Enhancing Adaptive Capacities to Climate Vulnerability Assessment and Enhancing Adaptive Capacities to Climate Change Jump to: navigation, search Name India-Vulnerability Assessment and Enhancing Adaptive Capacities to Climate Change Agency/Company /Organization Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation Sector Energy, Land, Water Focus Area Agriculture Topics Co-benefits assessment, Background analysis Resource Type Lessons learned/best practices Website http://www.intercooperation.or Country India Southern Asia References India-Vulnerability Assessment and Enhancing Adaptive Capacities to Climate Change[1] India-Vulnerability Assessment and Enhancing Adaptive Capacities to Climate Change Screenshot Contents 1 Introduction [1] 2 Community-based Institutions [2] 3 Pasture Land Development [3]

438

Your Records Management Responsibilities  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Your Records Management Your Records Management Responsibilities Table of Contents INTRODUCTION RECORDS MANAGEMENT IN THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT RECORDS MANAGEMENT IN THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY IMPORTANCE OF RECORDS MANAGEMENT YOUR RECORDS MANAGEMENT RESPONSIBILITIES RECORDS MANAGEMENT LIFE CYCLE ELECTRONIC RECORDS & RECORDKEEPING LAW, REGULATION, AND POLICY ASSISTANCE RECORDS MANAGEMENT TERMS 2 INTRODUCTION If you are a government employee or contractor working for a federal agency, records management is part of your job. This pamphlet explains your responsibilities for federal records and provides the context for understanding records management in the federal government and in the Department of Energy. TOP RECORDS MANAGEMENT IN THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT

439

Analysis and simulation of dynamic response behavior of Scots pine trees to wind loading  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents an empirical approach for the decomposition, simulation, and reconstruction of wind-induced stem displacement of plantation-grown Scots ... tree motion patterns in response to non-destructive

Dirk Schindler; Hannes Fugmann; Helmut Mayer

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Comparisons on offshore structure responses to random waves using linear and high-order wave theories  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The predicted responses of an offshore structure when the wave induced kinematics are computed from different estimation methods can change significantly. The sometimes controversial results have recently motivated the development of a new...

Ramos Heredia, Rafael Juda

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "induced adaptive response" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Mechanics and Applications of Pressure Adaptive Honeycomb  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(Reproduced from Ref. 52) 32 Figure 2.30 Nose radius Effect on Maximum Lift Coefficient (Reproduced from Ref. 65) 33 Figure 2.31 Leading Edge Morphing Avoids Flow Separation on the Retreating Helicopter Blade (modified from Ref. 68) 34 Figure 2... used shape memory materials are shape memory alloys (SMAs). The Nickel-Titanium based SMAs can be fabricated to almost any shape or form. Plastic deformation in shape memory alloys induces the martensitic atomic structure to de- form significantly...

Vos, Roelof

2009-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

442

Ultrafast gigantic photo-response in charge-ordered organic salt (EDO-TTF)2PF6 on 10-fs time scales  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ultrafast Gigantic Photo-Response in Charge- Ordered OrganicThe initial dynamics of photo-induced phase transition inobserved sub- 20-fs gigantic photo-responses (|?R/R|>100%)

Itatani, J.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Characterization Of High-Stroke High-Aspect Ratio Micro Electro Mechanical Systems Deformable Mirrors For Adaptive Optics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mirrors For Adaptive Optics, PhD Thesis, University ofFabrication Adaptive optics applications in astronomy Max, Center for Adaptive Optics, University of California,

Bouchti, Mohamed Amine

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Addressing uncertainty in adaptation planning for agriculture  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...cost-effective, low-risk responses in high-vulnerability...country, to provide insurance against climate...characterized by strong regional political instability and fragmentation...communicating uncertain climate risks . Nature Clim Change 1 ( 1 ): 35...Institutional change, climate risk, and rural vulnerability: Cases from Central...

Sonja J. Vermeulen; Andrew J. Challinor; Philip K. Thornton; Bruce M. Campbell; Nishadi Eriyagama; Joost M. Vervoort; James Kinyangi; Andy Jarvis; Peter Lderach; Julian Ramirez-Villegas; Kathryn J. Nicklin; Ed Hawkins; Daniel R. Smith

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Integrating Adaptive Components: An Emerging Challenge in Performance-Adaptive Systems and a Server Farm Case-Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

into larger adaptive sys- tems, however, presents challenges that arise from potential incompatibilities among, for identifying potential incompatibilities between com- posed adaptation policies and (ii) illustrates a general computing initiative [13], sug- gest increased need for self-managing, self-calibrating, self- healing

Liu, Xue

447

Three-dimensional anisotropic adaptive filtering of projection data for noise reduction in cone beam CT  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: The combination of quickly rotating C-arm gantry with digital flat panel has enabled the acquisition of three-dimensional data (3D) in the interventional suite. However, image quality is still somewhat limited since the hardware has not been optimized for CT imaging. Adaptive anisotropic filtering has the ability to improve image quality by reducing the noise level and therewith the radiation dose without introducing noticeable blurring. By applying the filtering prior to 3D reconstruction, noise-induced streak artifacts are reduced as compared to processing in the image domain. Methods: 3D anisotropic adaptive filtering was used to process an ensemble of 2D x-ray views acquired along a circular trajectory around an object. After arranging the input data into a 3D space (2D projections + angle), the orientation of structures was estimated using a set of differently oriented filters. The resulting tensor representation of local orientation was utilized to control the anisotropic filtering. Low-pass filtering is applied only along structures to maintain high spatial frequency components perpendicular to these. The evaluation of the proposed algorithm includes numerical simulations, phantom experiments, and in-vivo data which were acquired using an AXIOM Artis dTA C-arm system (Siemens AG, Healthcare Sector, Forchheim, Germany). Spatial resolution and noise levels were compared with and without adaptive filtering. A human observer study was carried out to evaluate low-contrast detectability. Results: The adaptive anisotropic filtering algorithm was found to significantly improve low-contrast detectability by reducing the noise level by half (reduction of the standard deviation in certain areas from 74 to 30 HU). Virtually no degradation of high contrast spatial resolution was observed in the modulation transfer function (MTF) analysis. Although the algorithm is computationally intensive, hardware acceleration using Nvidia's CUDA Interface provided an 8.9-fold speed-up of the processing (from 1336 to 150 s). Conclusions: Adaptive anisotropic filtering has the potential to substantially improve image quality and/or reduce the radiation dose required for obtaining 3D image data using cone beam CT.

Maier, Andreas; Wigstroem, Lars; Hofmann, Hannes G.; Hornegger, Joachim; Zhu Lei; Strobel, Norbert; Fahrig, Rebecca [Department of Radiology, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 (United States); Department of Radiology, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 (United States) and Center for Medical Image Science and Visualization, Linkoeping University, Linkoeping (Sweden); Pattern Recognition Laboratory, Department of Computer Science, Friedrich-Alexander University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, 91054, Erlangen (Germany); Nuclear and Radiological Engineering and Medical Physics Programs, George W. Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia 30332 (United States); Siemens AG Healthcare, Forchheim 91301 (Germany); Department of Radiology, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 (United States)

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

448

Accident Response Group  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

To establish Department of Energy (DOE) policy for DOE response to accidents and significant incidents involving nuclear weapons or nuclear weapon components. Cancels DOE O 5530.1. Canceled by DOE O 153.1.

1991-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

449

Supplier Management Responsibility  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Supplier management, at the organization level, has two basic responsibilities: (1) to ensure that the engineering environment is based on a defined engineering process, with engineers trained to work within that...

Raymond Kehoe; Alka Jarvis

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

What's BP's social responsibility?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

would like to suggest a third, inanimate culprit: the cult of corporate social responsibility. As crude poured into the Gulf of Mexico and the world economy struggled to recover from the financial crisis

451

ORIGINAL PAPER Behavioral responses to jamming and `phantom' jamming stimuli  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

electric fish Eigenmannia is characterized by up- ward or downward shifts in electric organ discharge (EOD similar shifts in EOD frequency. We tested the hypothesis that these behavioral responses result from non stimuli can induce EOD frequency shifts in natural situations. Keywords Electric organ discharge Á Jamming

Kawasaki, Masashi

452

Oil spill response resources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

from Marathon Oil Company for their encouragement and support. Last, but not least, I would like to thank Lynette Schlandt for her help during my stay at this University. vu TABLE OF CONTENTS Page ABSTRACT. . . . . nl DEDICATION... tool for control. The State of Texas passed and implemented OSPRA (Oil Spill Prevention and Response Act) of 1991. The most significant requirement for both these laws was the need for a Facility Response Plan for the companies. This would help a...

Muthukrishnan, Shankar

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

453

Closed-loop Reference Model adaptive control : with application to very flexible aircraft  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

One of the main features of adaptive systems is an oscillatory convergence that exacerbates with the speed of adaptation. Over the past two decades several attempts have been made to provide adaptive solutions with guaranteed ...

Gibson, Travis Eli

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Adapting to Extreme Events Related to Natural Variability and Climate Change: The Imperative of Coupling Technology with Strong Regulation and Governance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

His current research interests include governance and policy related to climate change and sustainable development, the political economy of the state, and the scale debate in human geography. ... This is exacerbated by the lack of appropriate adaptation options and the privatization of existing infrastructure, which can leave people exposed to increasing risk. ... Greater regulation with respect to adaptive capacity will clarify the responsibilities of the various agenciesthe development, investment, monitoring and managementthat will need to take place to protect the general public. ...

A. P. Kythreotis; T. G. Mercer; L. E. Frostick

2013-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

455

Radiation-Induced Bystander Effects and Relevance to Human Radiation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Radiation-Induced Bystander Effects and Relevance to Human Radiation Radiation-Induced Bystander Effects and Relevance to Human Radiation Exposures Review of phenomenon appears in Radiation Research Pamela Sykes and Benjamin Blyth One concern of radiobiologists is the effect radiation exposure might have on nearby unirradiated cells. For example, when only a small fraction of cells are directly hit by radiation energy, are the surrounding unirradiated cells also at an increased risk of cancer? The term "radiation-induced bystander effect" is used to describe radiation-induced biological changes that occur in unirradiated cells within an irradiated cell population. Radiation-induced bystander effects have become established in the vernacular and are considered as an authentic radiation response. However, there is still no consensus on a precise definition of the term, which

456

Adaptive vibration control using synchronous demodulation with machine tool controller motor commutation  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A control system and method for actively reducing vibration in a spindle housing caused by unbalance forces on a rotating spindle, by measuring the force-induced spindle-housing motion, determining control signals based on synchronous demodulation, and provide compensation for the measured displacement to cancel or otherwise reduce or attenuate the vibration. In particular, the synchronous demodulation technique is performed to recover a measured spindle housing displacement signal related only to the rotation of a machine tool spindle, and consequently rejects measured displacement not related to spindle motion or synchronous to a cycle of revolution. Furthermore, the controller actuates at least one voice-coil (VC) motor, to cancel the original force-induced motion, and adapts the magnitude of voice coil signal until this measured displacement signal is brought to a null. In order to adjust the signal to a null, it must have the correct phase relative to the spindle angle. The feedback phase signal is used to adjust a common (to both outputs) commutation offset register (offset relative to spindle encoder angle) to force the feedback phase signal output to a null. Once both of these feedback signals are null, the system is compensating properly for the spindle-induced motion.

Hopkins, David James (Livermore, CA)

2008-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

457

Authentic science experiences as a vehicle for assessing orientation towards science and science careers relative to identity and agency: a response to learning from the path followed by Brad  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This response draws from the literature on adaptive learning, traditional ecological knowledge, and socialecological systems to show that Brads choice is not a simple decision between traditional ecological ...

Pauline W. U. Chinn

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Dosimetric study of radioadaptive response of zebrafish embryos using PADC-film substrates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and thus the estimation of radiation risk (Oughton, 2006). For the LNT model, an increase in the dose to the biological response where an exposure of cells or animals to a low dose of radiation (priming dose) induces Zebrafish embryos a b s t r a c t We found the alpha-particle priming dose which could effectively induce

Yu, K.N.

459

Response of cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) leaves to profenofos/adjuvant treatment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The nature and physiological significance of adjuvant- induced biological responses could be important in the performance of foliar-applied agrochemicals. Adjuvants, as mentioned previously, can increase pesticide- induced phytotoxicity. For example... for selecting surfactants for formulations of agrochemicals. For example, an ethylene-inducing, phytotoxic surfactant may be acceptable for herbicide application, while undesirable for growth regulators or insecticides. Membrane integrity can be an important...

Seskar, Mirjana

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

460

Oecologia (Berl.) 44, 159-163 (1980) Oecologia9 by Springer-Verlag 1980 Solar Tracking Response to Drought in a Desert Annual  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on possible adaptive benefits that might be conferred by solar tracking movements. Two species have beenOecologia (Berl.) 44, 159-163 (1980) Oecologia9 by Springer-Verlag 1980 Solar Tracking Response Lake City, UT, 84112, USA Summary. The responses to drought of the solar tracking winter annual Lupinus

Ehleringer, Jim

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "induced adaptive response" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

E-Print Network 3.0 - adaptive mixture modelling Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Summary: for each mixture in the prior model. Unlike the second step of the EM algorithm, for adaptation these "new... Using Adapted Gaussian Mixture Models. Digital Signal...

462

A Comparative Performance Study of Load Adaptive Energy Saving Schemes for IP-Over-WDM Networks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Load adaptive energy saving schemes for backbone IP networks use dynamic transport circuit services to adapt the active network resources to the current traffic demand in order to...

Caria, Marcel; Chamania, Mohit; Jukan, Admela

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Improved evolutionary optimization from genetically adaptive multimethod search Jasper A. Vrugt, and Bruce A. Robinson  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Improved evolutionary optimization from genetically adaptive multimethod search Jasper A. Vrugt evolutionary optimization from genetically adaptive multimethod search Jasper A. Vrugt* and Bruce A. Robinson

Vrugt, Jasper A.

464

E-Print Network 3.0 - automatic spatially-adaptive balancing...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

balancing Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Automatic Spatially-Adaptive Balancing of Energy Terms for Image Segmentation Summary: Automatic Spatially-Adaptive Balancing of Energy Terms...

465

E-Print Network 3.0 - academic adaptation styles Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Whatever the process or level of adaptation implemented by a learning system... of Cognitive Style Relative to Other Individual Variables Adapting the environment to suit...

466

E-Print Network 3.0 - adaptive management plan Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

results for: adaptive management plan Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Regional Water Management: Adapting to Uncertain Water Summary: & Implement Management Options Monitor &...

467

E-Print Network 3.0 - adaptive dimension reduction Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

reduction of the crosstalk-resistant adaptive noise canceller (CTRANC) 12... with two adaptive filters. Simulation results will prove that in spite of this complexity...

468

E-Print Network 3.0 - adaptive signal processing Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

into the following sections. Section 2 deals with acoustic signal processing theory in adaptive filters. Section 3... ," An Introduction to Adaptive Signal Processing", McGraw-...

469

E-Print Network 3.0 - adaptive immunity human Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

studied Summary: in adaptive immunity 12;The MHC and neutrophin paralogy groups in the human genome 12;Two distinct forms... of the adaptive immune system "%&'() ...

470

Advancing Adaptive Optics Technology: Laboratory Turbulence Simulation and Optimization of Laser Guide Stars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of cone photoreceptors with adaptive optics spectral-domaincoherence tomography, Optics Express, Vol. 14, Issue 10,of Multi-Object Adaptive Optics on a Simulated 10-Meter

Rampy, Rachel

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

E-Print Network 3.0 - adaptation technologies related Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

related Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 From Adaptive Hypermedia to the Adaptive Web Systems Summary: details - Comparisons Low level technology - Text programming...

472

E-Print Network 3.0 - adaptive short forms Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

at San Diego Collection: Biology and Medicine 13 Appeared in: International Journal of Human-Computer Studies (1994) 40, 544 -472 Adaptively supported Adaptability Summary: in...

473

Chapter 4 - Phytoremediation: Mechanisms and Adaptations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Metal contamination of soils is ubiquitous around the globe. Metals accumulate in the soils to toxic levels that may lead to accumulation of metals in plants to unacceptable levels. Metal accumulation is a subject of serious concern due to the threat to plant growth, soil quality, animal and human health. Cleaning up of the soils to remove metals is a current necessity, but it is a challenging task. Different technologies being used nowadays are ex situ which ensues in destruction of soil structure thus leaving it non-useable with poor vegetative cover. Growing plants to clean up the soils is a cost-effective and environmentally friendly alternative. Phytoremediation seems attractive due to non-invasive and non-destructive technology which leaves the soil intact and biologically productive. Plants use different adaptive mechanisms to accumulate or exclude metals, thus maintaining their growth. Accumulation and tolerance of metals by the plants is a complex phenomenon. Movement of metals across the root membrane, loading and translocation of metals through the xylem and sequestration and detoxification of metals at cellular and whole plant levels are important mechanisms adopted by accumulator plants. Understanding the mechanism involved in phytoremediation is necessary to effectively use this technique for metal-contaminated soils. This chapter discusses different mechanisms adopted by plants for remediation of metal-contaminated soils.

Muhammad Sabir; Ejaz Ahmad Waraich; Khalid Rehman Hakeem; Mnir ztrk; Hamaad Raza Ahmad; Muhammad Shahid

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Radiation Induced Mammary Cancer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Induced Mammary Cancer R.L. Ullrich * R.J. Preston # * Department of Radiation Therapy, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX 77550 # Biology Division Oak Ridge National Laboratory Oak Ridge, TN 37831, U.S.A Over the last......

R.L. Ullrich; R.J. Preston

1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Bunching-induced optical nonlinearity and instability in cold atoms [Invited  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to 17 metres per second in an ultracold atomic gas," Nature 397, 594­598 (1999). 6. H. Michinel, M. J-order, nonlinear optical response resulting from local- field-induced microscopic cascading in C60," in Nonlinear

Gauthier, Daniel

476

Demand Response Valuation Frameworks Paper  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

No. ER06-615-000 CAISO Demand Response Resource User Guide -8 2.1. Demand Response Provides a Range of Benefits to8 2.2. Demand Response Benefits can be Quantified in Several

Heffner, Grayson

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Entropy, Invertibility and Variational Calculus of the Adapted Shifts on Wiener space  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this work we study the necessary and sufficient conditions for a positive random variable whose expectation under the Wiener measure is one, to be represented as the Radon-Nikodym derivative of the image of the Wiener measure under an adapted perturbation of identity with the help of the associated innovation process. We prove that the innovation conjecture holds if and only if the original process is almost surely invertible. We also give variational characterizations of the invertibility of the perturbations of identity and the representability of a positive random variable whose total mass is equal to unity. We prove in particular that an adapted perturbation of identity $U=I_W+u$ satisfying the Girsanov theorem, is invertible if and only if the kinetic energy of $u$ is equal to the entropy of the measure induced with the action of $U$ on the Wiener measure $\\mu$, in other words $U$ is invertible iff $$ \\half \\int_W|u|_H^2d\\mu=\\int_W \\frac{dU\\mu}{d\\mu}\\log\\frac{dU\\mu}{d\\mu}d\\mu >. $$ otherwise the l.h.s. is always strictly greater than the r.h.s. The relations with the Monge-Kantorovitch measure transportation are also studied. An application of these results to a variational problem related to large deviations is also given.

Ali Sleyman stnel

2009-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

478

Title: A Virtual Test Facility for Simulating Detonation-and Shock-induced Deformation and Fracture of Thin Flexible Shells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Title: A Virtual Test Facility for Simulating Detonation- and Shock-induced Deformation-mail: deiterdingr@ornl.gov Running head: A Virtual Test Facility Key words: Fluid-structure interaction, detonation hammer Abstract: The coupling of a dynamically adaptive Eulerian Cartesian detonation solver

Deiterding, Ralf

479

A Monte Carlo simulation based two-stage adaptive resonance theory mapping approach for offshore oil spill vulnerability index classification  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this paper, a Monte Carlo simulation based two-stage adaptive resonance theory mapping (MC-TSAM) model was developed to classify a given site into distinguished zones representing different levels of offshore Oil Spill Vulnerability Index (OSVI). It consisted of an adaptive resonance theory (ART) module, an ART Mapping module, and a centroid determination module. Monte Carlo simulation was integrated with the TSAM approach to address uncertainties that widely exist in site conditions. The applicability of the proposed model was validated by classifying a large coastal area, which was surrounded by potential oil spill sources, based on 12 features. Statistical analysis of the results indicated that the classification process was affected by multiple features instead of one single feature. The classification results also provided the least or desired number of zones which can sufficiently represent the levels of offshore OSVI in an area under uncertainty and complexity, saving time and budget in spill monitoring and response.

Pu Li; Bing Chen; Zelin Li; Xiao Zheng; Hongjing Wu; Liang Jing; Kenneth Lee

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Demand Response In California  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Energy Efficiency & Energy Efficiency & Demand Response Programs Dian M. Grueneich, Commissioner Dian M. Grueneich, Commissioner California Public Utilities Commission California Public Utilities Commission FUPWG 2006 Fall Meeting November 2, 2006 Commissioner Dian M. Grueneich November 2, 2006 1 Highest Priority Resource Energy Efficiency is California's highest priority resource to: Meet energy needs in a low cost manner Aggressively reduce GHG emissions November 2, 2006 2 Commissioner Dian M. Grueneich November 2, 2006 3 http://www.cpuc.ca.gov/PUBLISHED/REPORT/51604.htm Commissioner Dian M. Grueneich November 2, 2006 4 Energy Action Plan II Loading order continued "Pursue all cost-effective energy efficiency, first." Strong demand response and advanced metering

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481

Development based climate change adaptation and mitigation-conceptual  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Development based climate change adaptation and mitigation-conceptual Development based climate change adaptation and mitigation-conceptual issues and lessons learned in studies in developing countries Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Development based climate change adaptation and mitigation-conceptual issues and lessons learned in studies in developing countries Agency/Company /Organization: Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) Sector: Climate, Energy, Land, Water Topics: Adaptation, Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access, - Energy Security, - Health Resource Type: Case studies/examples, Lessons learned/best practices, Publications Website: ies.lbl.gov/iespubs/2halsaes.pdf Country: India, China, South Africa, Brazil, Bangladesh, Senegal Cost: Free Southern Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Africa, South America, Southern Asia, Western Africa

482

Adaptive Gaussian Predictive Process Approximation Surya T Tokdar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

exploration of Gaussian process models, including Bayesian treatments. For theoreti- cal details on commonAdaptive Gaussian Predictive Process Approximation Surya T Tokdar Duke University Abstract We address the issue of knots selection for Gaussian predictive process methodology. Predictive process

West, Mike

483

Run-time optimization of adaptive irregular applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

adaptive irregular applications for parallel execution, a common observation is that the effectiveness of the optimizing transformations depends on programs' input data and their dynamic phases. This dissertation presents a set of run-time optimization...

Yu, Hao

2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

484

Dynamic Resource Management for Adaptive Distributed Information Fusion in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dynamic Resource Management for Adaptive Distributed Information Fusion in Large Volume for distributed information fusion to address large volume surveil- lance challenges, assuming a multitude of different sensor types on multi- ple mobile platforms for intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance. Our

Zhang, Richard "Hao"

485

Self-adaptive architectures for autonomic computational science  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Self-adaptation enables a system to modify it's behaviour based on changes in its operating environment. Such a system must utilize monitoring information to determine how to respond either through a systems administrator or automatically (based on policies ...

Shantenu Jha; Manish Parashar; Omer Rana

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Co-adapting human collaborations and software architectures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Human collaboration has become an integral part of large-scale systems for massive online knowledge sharing, content distribution, and social networking. Maintenance of these complex systems, however, still relies on adaptation mechanisms that remain ...

Christoph Dorn; Richard N. Taylor

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Identifying Recent Adaptations in Large-Scale Genomic Data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Although several hundred regions of the human genome harbor signals of positive natural selection, few of the relevant adaptive traits and variants have been elucidated. Using full-genome sequence variation from the 1000 ...

Andersen, KristianG.

488

Adaptive load control of microgrids with non-dispatchable generation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Intelligent appliances have a great potential to provide energy storage and load shedding for power grids. Microgrids are simulated with high levels of wind energy penetration. Frequency-adaptive intelligent appliances are ...

Brokish, Kevin Martin

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Nonlinear adaptive control using radial basis function approximants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The purpose of this research is to present an adaptive control strategy using the radial basis function approximation method. Surface approximation methods using radial basis function approximants will first be discussed. The Hamiltonian dynamical...

Petersen, Jerry Lee

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Reduced rank regression via adaptive nuclear norm penalization  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......of the 500 simulated datasets: 100 Pred( ^ CH...method often outperforms nuclear norm penalized regression...other methods. The nuclear norm penalized estimator...intensive for large datasets, while other methods...DISCUSSION Adaptive nuclear norm penalization can......

Kun Chen; Hongbo Dong; Kung-Sik Chan

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Error estimation and adaptive mesh refinement for aerodynamic flows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Error estimation and adaptive mesh refinement for aerodynamic flows Ralf Hartmann1 and Paul Houston2 1 Institute of Aerodynamics and Flow Technology DLR (German Aerospace Center) Lilienthalplatz 7

Hartmann, Ralf

492

Continuous Adaptive Bias Technique for Radiofrequency Power Amplifiers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Chapter 3 proposes an adaptive-bias power amplifier that is based on a finely tuned envelope injection principle. Such flexible technique makes a simultaneous improvement of linearity and efficiency possible a...

Laurent Leyssenne; Eric Kerherv; Yann Deval

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Designing adaptable housing : the specific case of INFONAVIT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The traditional way of designing housing of the Mexican government agencies, obliges the population they serve (mostly working class people), to live in rigid dwellings that have little or no flexibility to be adapted to ...

Martin, Andrea M

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

The mesh adaptive direct search algorithm with treed Gaussian ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

May 24, 2013 ... Keywords: Blackbox optimization, treed Gaussian processes (TGP), mesh adaptive ...... We first consider a chemical engineering simulator for styrene production described ..... Application of MATLAB and Python optimizers.

Gramacy and Le Digabel

2013-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

495

CLIMATE CHANGE Businesses see opportunity in adaptation, report finds  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Companies that are able to adapt to climate change will gain a competitive business advantage in the future, according to a new report prepared by the United Nations Global Compact, a corporate network committed to social and environmental goals, in ...

MARC REISCH

2011-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

496

Adaptive control of hypersonic vehicles in presence of actuation uncertainties  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The thesis develops a new class of adaptive controllers that guarantee global stability in presence of actuation uncertainties. Actuation uncertainties culminate to linear plants with a partially known input matrix B. ...

Somanath, Amith

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Democratic Republic of Congo-National Adaptation Plan Global...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

that the NAP could build on Vision 2035 and that the NAP-GSP could help identify political entry-points for long term adaptation planning through Vision 2015. DRC are keen for...

498

Output-based Adaptive Meshing Using Triangular Cut Cells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This report presents a mesh adaptation method for higher-order (p > 1) discontinuous Galerkin (DG) discretizations of the two-dimensional, compressible Navier-Stokes equations. The method uses a mesh of triangular elements ...

Fidkowski, Krzysztof J.

499

Grid adaptation for functional outputs of compressible flow simulations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An error correction and grid adaptive method is presented for improving the accuracy of functional outputs of compressible flow simulations. The procedure is based on an adjoint formulation in which the estimated error in ...

Venditti, David Anthony, 1973-

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Design of an adaptable, protective covering for precision experiments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The following work provides the necessary details to assemble an adaptable enclosure device to protect precision experiments from the influence of outside factors. Through the use of UV resistant, sound resistant, electric ...

Turner, Shannon (Shannon Elizabeth)

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z