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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

Ingush Grammar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

niilxa d.elx oalx talx xalx -lgh- joalghuu ghalghaa mulghashol+goara -lq- hwal+qoud -lgh- hwal+ghott 'garden fence' (

Nichols, Johanna

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Ingush Grammar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

window. PL + D.wash. PPL . NZ ) 'fly swatter', lit. 'flyPL + D.destroy-D. CS *. PPL . NZ ) 'dishwasher' (machine) (dish. PL + clean-J. VZ . PPL . NZ ) 'toothpick' (tooth. PL .

Nichols, Johanna

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Ingush Grammar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

209) A: Kazaxstaan dy yz? Kazakhstan D.be. PRS 3s B: DearaPRS = CUM A: Was this in Kazakhstan? B: No, of course not,So Kazaxstaanie jeai 1s Kazakhstan. ADV J.be born. NW .J I

Nichols, Johanna

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Implementation of the Integrated Planning Concept to Strengthen Indonesian Radiation Emergency Response Capabilities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nuclear power has been included in Indonesian national plan as an alternative solution for electricity production. However, Indonesia lies within the Pacific Ring of Fire with around 129 active volcanoes along its region. In addition, the Indonesian...

Volia, Merinda Fitri

2014-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

5

Kharisma Jaya Gemilang (KJG), an Indonesian company part-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

companies based in Asia, Africa, and South America. We are also engaged in timber trade policy initiativesKharisma Jaya Gemilang (KJG), an Indonesian company part- nering with TTAP received the Tropical verification through a variety of site visits of companies engaged in the process. Rachel But- ler, Head

6

Interactions between the Indonesian Throughflow and circulations in the Indian and Pacific Oceans  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Interactions between the Indonesian Throughflow and circulations in the Indian and Pacific Oceans with the Indonesian Throughflow (IT), particularly concerning subsurface currents in the Pacific Ocean, are studied model (LOM), both confined to the Indo-Pacific basin; and a global, ocean general circulation model

Jensen, Tommy

7

Indonesian official blames Illegal loggers for flood BUKIT LAWANG, Indonesia (AP) --Indonesia's environment minister on  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Indonesian official blames Illegal loggers for flood BUKIT LAWANG, Indonesia (AP) -- Indonesia. Environmentalists say unchecked logging in Indonesia, a sprawling archipelago with 210 million inhabitants, disrupts, Indonesia's largest environmental group, said that up to 20% of Leuser National Park, which overlooks Bukit

8

Assessing risks of climate variability and climate change for Indonesian rice agriculture Rosamond L. Naylor, David S. Battisti, Daniel J. Vimont, Walter P. Falcon, and Marshall B.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Assessing risks of climate variability and climate change for Indonesian rice agriculture Burke of climate variability and climate change for Indonesian rice agriculture Rosamond L. Naylor* , David S and climate change could have a dramatic effect on agricultural production in Indo- nesia and other tropical

Vimont, Daniel J.

9

Food, Emotion and the Environment: A study of the food habits of Indonesian immigrants in Scotland and the associated environmental impact.   

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Immigrant communities’ relationships with their home foods are intricate and are often embodied with an emotional experience of the departed home. The determination of the Indonesian community in preserving the habit of ...

Fitria, Rizki

2012-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

10

Leveraging Interlingual Classification to Improve Web Search  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the doc- uments. Our experimental results on German and French languages show the effectiveness of using or French) using data from an assisting language (e.g., English). There are two general approaches, which are aligned in multiple languages. The ODP categories are available in a broad variety

Dumais, Susan

11

Surface water processes in the Indonesian Throughflow as documented by a high-resolution coral (Delta)14C record  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To explore the seasonal to decadal variability in surface water masses that contribute to the Indonesian Throughflow we have generated a 115-year bi-monthly coral-based radiocarbon time-series from a coral in the Makassar Straits. In the pre-bomb (pre-1955) era from 1890 to 1954, the radiocarbon time series occasionally displays a small seasonal signal (10-15{per_thousand}). After 1954 the radiocarbon record increases rapidly, in response to the increased atmospheric {sup 14}C content caused by nuclear weapons testing. From 1957 to 1986 the record displays clear seasonal variability from 15 to 60{per_thousand} and the post-bomb peak (163 per mil) occurred in 1974. The seasonal cycle of radiocarbon can be attributed to variations of surface waters passing through South Makassar Strait. Southern Makassar is under the influence of the Northwest Monsoon, which is responsible for the high Austral summer radiocarbon (North Pacific waters) and the Southeast Monsoon that flushes back a mixture of low (South Pacific and upwelling altered) radiocarbon water from the Banda Sea. The coral record also shows a significant {sup 14}C peak in 1955 due to bomb {sup 14}C water advected into this region in the form of CaCO{sub 3} particles (this implies that the particles were advected intact and then become entrapped in the coral skeleton--is this what we really mean? Wouldn't even fine particles settle out over the inferred transit time from Bikini to MAK?) or water particles with dissolved labeled CO{sub 2} produced during fallout from the Castle tests in 1954.

Fallon, S J; Guilderson, T P

2008-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

12

Interlingual Encounter in Pierre Garnier and Niikuni Seiichi’s French-Japanese Concrete Poetry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

P. (1968d). Spatialisme et poésie concrète [Spatialismand concrete poetry]. Paris: Gallimard. Garnier, P. (Gomringer, E. (1968). Concrete poetry (I. M. Sinor & M. E.

Wong, Elaine S.

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Corrigendum Corrigendum to "A stalagmite record of Holocene Indonesiane  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Mount Vernon, IA 52314, USA b University of Western Australia, Perth, Western Australia, Australia c Sciences, Iowa State University, Ames, IA, USA f Kimberley Toad Busters, Kununurra, Western Australia, Australia g Department of Environment and Conservation, Broome, Western Australia, Australia h Western

Denniston, Rhawn F.

14

Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies Vol. 47 No. 2, August 2011  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(eds) (2010) Competitiveness of the ASEAN Countries: Corporate and Regulatory Drivers 288 Ian Anderson

15

Indonesian wildfires of 1997: Impact on tropospheric chemistry B. N. Duncan,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of 1997 released large amounts of trace gases and aerosols (e.g., $130 Tg of carbon monoxide (CO)) from a study of this burning event, including sensitivity simulations, to estimate the impacts of the trace gas Track Scanning Radiometer (ATSR) World Fire Atlas as surrogates for biomass burning. The model captures

Mickley, Loretta J.

16

Age of an Indonesian Fossil Tooth Determined by Electron Paramagnetic Resonance  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The first fossil hominid tooth recovered during 1999 excavations from the Cisanca River region in West Java, Indonesia, was associated with a series of bovid teeth from a single individual that was recovered 190 cm beneath the hominid tooth. The age of the fossil bovid teeth was determined using electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) analysis as part of an effort to bracket the age of the hominid tooth. The EPR-derived age of the bovid teeth is (5.16 {+-} 2.01) x 10{sup 5} years. However, the age estimate reported here is likely an underestimate of the actual age of deposition since evidence of heating was detected in the EPR spectra of the bovid teeth, and the heating may have caused a decrease in the intensity of EPR components on which the age calculation is based.

Bogard, JS

2004-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

17

Is Sustainable Climate Adaptation Possible in Indonesia? Cornell is involved in discussions with Indonesian partners to develop practical strategies to  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the threats and have taken steps to reduce use of fossil fuels by eliminating subsidies and to reduce

Angenent, Lars T.

18

University of Alberta Libraries, 2010 UA WorldCat/NEOS Libraries Catalogue/EBSCO Discovery Comparison Chart  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Indonesian, Hebrew, Romanian, Slovenian, and Dutch Create permanent public and/or private lists of resources

MacMillan, Andrew

19

E-Print Network 3.0 - api pipeline conference Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Summary: ); SOCIETY OF INDONESIAN PETROLEUM ENGINEERS (IATMI) ASIAN PIPELINE CONFERENCE ASEAN COUNCIL ON PETROLEUM... INSTITUTE (COPRI) DEEPWATER PIPELINE & RISER TECHNOLOGY...

20

model.log  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

... interlingua, ibycus, indonesian, icelandic, italian, latin, mongolian, dutch, norsk, polish, portuguese, pinyin, romanian, russian, slovene, uppersorbian, serbian, ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "indonesian ingush interlingue" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

segabs_final.log  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

... interlingua, ibycus, indonesian, icelandic, italian, latin, mongolian, dutch, norsk, polish, portuguese, pinyin, romanian, russian, slovene, uppersorbian, serbian, ...

22

Why Have Bank Interest Margins Been so High in Indonesia since the 1997/1998 Financial Crisis?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

this fact. Demirgüç- Kunt and Huizinga (1998) show that the average margins of Indonesian banks for the 1988

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

23

E-Print Network 3.0 - asia dki jakarta Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and industry demand. (Asia PulseAntara) Jun 14, 2003 Malaysia ... Source: Louisiana Forest Products Development Center Collection: Renewable Energy 4 Indonesian Conference on...

24

E-Print Network 3.0 - ache sumatra indonesia Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Bohorok, in th Sumatra province on Tuesday. Nor AFP More than 200 ... Source: Louisiana Forest Products Development Center Collection: Renewable Energy 2 Indonesian wildfires of...

25

Harmonic Strength as Reduced-Reference Information in Picture Quality Assessment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gunawan,I.P. Ghanbari,M. Proc. TIIMI (Temu Ilmiah Internasional Mahasiswa Indonesia) 2004, London, September 2004. Organisation: Indonesian Student Assocation - United Kingdom (PPIUK).

Gunawan, I.P.

26

Carbon payments as a safeguard for threatened tropical mammals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Moines, IA 50320, USA Keywords Carbon; deforestation; Elaeis guineensis; Kalimantan; mammals; oil palm costs of forest protection. In Kalimantan (Indonesian Borneo), the expan- sion of high-revenue oil palm in Kalimantan (Indonesian Borneo), where oil palm (Elaeis guineensis) plantations are expanding at the ex- pense

Queensland, University of

27

Experiments in Sentence Language Identification with Groups of Similar Department of EECS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Languages shared task, which is broken into six subtasks, (A) Bosnian, Croatian, and Serbian, (B) Indonesian. Croatian vs. Serbian · Task B: Indonesian vs. Malay · Task C: Czech vs. Slovak · Task D: Brazilian vs before the DSL shared task. The problem of distinguish- ing Croatian from Serbian and Slovenian

Radev, Dragomir R.

28

Variability of the Indo-Pacific Ocean exchanges  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The ECCO–GODAE global estimate of the ocean circulation 1992–2007 is analyzed in the region of the Indonesian Throughflow (ITF), including the Southern Ocean flow south of Australia. General characteristics are an intense ...

Wunsch, Carl

29

Walkability Planning in Jakarta  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Rukmana, Deden. “Street Vendors and Planning in IndonesianYatmo, Yandi Andri. “Street Vendors as 'Out of Place' UrbanYatmo, Yandi Andri. “Street Vendors as 'Out of Place' Urban

Lo, Ria S. Hutabarat

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Direct Democracy and Local Public Goods: Evidence from a Field Experiment in Indonesia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This article presents an experiment in which 49 Indonesian villages were randomly assigned to choose development projects through either representative-based meetings or direct election-based plebiscites. Plebiscites ...

Olken, Benjamin A.

31

The coordination between public and private sectors: the role of partnerships in ecotourism development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

community development. In this sense, ecotourism is seen as a partnership between public agencies and the private sector. Such a perspective on ecotourism is aligned with current policy directives of the Indonesian government. Seven partnerships in nature...

Sekartjakrarini, Soeharrtini

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Biodiversity Conservation in the REDD  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Page SE. BBPT and Indonesian Peat Association; 2002:16-22.Environmental risks of farming on peat land. Proceedings ofA, Silvius M, Wösten H, Page S: PEAT-CO2, Assessment of CO2

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Targeting the Poor: Evidence from a Field Experiment in Indonesia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper reports an experiment in 640 Indonesian villages on three approaches to target the poor: proxy means tests (PMT), where assets are used to predict consumption; community targeting, where villagers rank everyone ...

Alatas, Vivi

34

Proceedings of the First Workshop on Applying NLP Tools to Similar Languages, Varieties and Dialects, pages 146154, Dublin, Ireland, August 23 2014.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for the Discriminating Similar Languages shared task, which is broken into six subtasks, (A) Bosnian, Croatian. Croatian vs. Serbian · Task B: Indonesian vs. Malay · Task C: Czech vs. Slovak · Task D: Brazilian vs

35

Analyzing spatial development processes using urban models and geographic information systems: Bandung, Indonesia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Indonesian cities, which include: a traditional nucleus, kampungs, commercial, industrial, and residential districts. Bandung's spatial growth has been influenced significantly by the governments political and economic decisions from the Dutch colonial period...

Prihatini, Tiene Rahma

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Negotiating community amongst spatial and identity boundaries : the case of "unity in diversity" in the transmigration settlement of Mopugad, Indonesia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the 1970s, the Indonesian government undertook a massive national development program which involved the relocation of 1.5 million people throughout the islands of the archipelago. Known as transmigration, the program ...

Ikert, Amanda

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

The findings, interpretations, and conclusions expressed in this paper are entirely those of the authors and should not be attributed in any manner to the World Bank Group, to members of its' board of executive directors or the countries they  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, that the resource base and well productivity are adequate and that the drilling cost per well is reasonable. This study relies on the resource base estimates made by the Indonesian Government-owned enterprise P, and the defined statistics on well depth and productivity in Indonesia, we estimate that the cost per MW well

Stanford University

38

Auxiliary material for Paper 2011GL047291 The reversal of the multi-decadal trends of the equatorial Pacific easterly  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Auxiliary material for Paper 2011GL047291 The reversal of the multi-decadal trends and a table that are cited and discussed in the main text of this paper. 1. 2011GL047291-fs01.pdf Scatter plot between equatorial Pacific easterly winds and Indonesian Throughflow transport in AOGCMs. 2. 2011GL047291

Feng, Ming

39

Predictability and Diagnosis of Low Frequency Climate Processes in the Pacific, Final Technical Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The report summarized recent findings with respect to Predictability and Diagnosis of Low Frequency Climate Processes in the Pacific, with focus on the dynamics of the Pacific Decadal Oscillation, oceanic adjustments and the coupled feedback in the western boundary current of the North and South Pacific, decadal dynamics of oceanic salinity, and tropical processes with emphasis on the Indonesian Throughflow.

Niklas Schneider

2009-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

40

Gay dan Lesbian Indonesia serta Gagasan Nasionalismel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gay dan Lesbian Indonesia serta Gagasan Nasionalismel TomBoellstorff (Universityof irz the first place. Keywords:Gay, lesbian, homosexuality, Indonesia,nation. Sungguh merupakan suatu ha1 yang aneh karena hanya sedikit orang-orang Barat yang tahu, bahwa Indonesia berpenduduk keempat

Brody, James P.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "indonesian ingush interlingue" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

UC International Internships (Thailand and Indonesia)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UC International Internships (Thailand and Indonesia) The University of Canterbury is pleased in Indonesia and Thailand over this summer break (2013-2014). There will be an information session on Tuesday will be expected to participate in. For Indonesia, students will help Indonesian students coming to UC for the next

Hickman, Mark

42

Department of Earth Sciences www.rhul.ac.uk/earthsciences Page 1 of 1 Collision and Extension in Buton, Sulawesi, Indonesia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in Buton, Sulawesi, Indonesia Supervisors: Robert Hall, Lloyd White Project Description: The Buton. The geology and prospectivity of Buton Island, Southeast Sulawesi, Indonesia. Indonesian Petroleum Association, Indonesia. Journal of Southeast Asian Earth Sciences 4, 107-124. Smith, R.B., Silver, E.A., 1991. Geology

Sheldon, Nathan D.

43

Bahasa Indonesia Kfir Bar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bahasa Indonesia Kfir Bar #12;Malay Archipelago · During Islam era: Malay) · Dutch and Portuguese traders arrived during the 15th century · Indonesia became a Dutch colony · Indonesia independent - 1945 #12;#12;Indonesian · Formed ­ 15th

Dershowitz, Nachum

44

Imports, Productivity Growth, and Supply Chain Learning Garrick Blalock  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of international technology transfer adds a critical third component, along with exports and FDI, to the argument technology transfer. Using a detailed panel of Indonesian manufacturers, our analysis shows that firms-driven technology transfer occurs. To our knowledge, these are the first firm-level results showing that downstream

Veloso, Francisco

45

Diesel plant retrofitting options to enhance decentralized electricity supply in Indonesia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Over the last 20 years, the government of Indonesia has undertaken an extensive program to provide electricity to the population of that country. The electrification of rural areas has been partially achieved through the use of isolated diesel systems, which account for about 20% of the country`s generated electricity. Due to many factors related to inefficient power production with diesels, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, in conjunction with PLN, the Indonesian national utility, Community Power Corporation, and Idaho Power Company, analyzed options for retrofitting existing diesel power systems. This study considered the use of different combinations of advanced diesel control, the addition of wind generators, photovoltaics and batteries to reduce the systems of overall cost and fuel consumption. This analysis resulted in a general methodology for retrofitting diesel power systems. This paper discusses five different retrofitting options to improve the performance of diesel power systems. The systems considered in the Indonesian analysis are cited as examples for the options discussed.

Baring-Gould, E.I.; Barley, C.D.; Drouilhet, S. [and others] [and others

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Director`s series on proliferation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Director`s Series on Proliferation is an occasional publication of essays on the topics of nuclear, chemical, biological, and missile proliferation. The seven papers presented in this issue cover the following topics: Should the Treaty on the Nonproliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) be amended?; NPT extension - Legal and procedural issues; An Indonesian view of NPT review conference issues; The treaty of Tlatelolco and the NPT - Tools for peace and development; Perspectives on cut-off, weapons dismantlement, and security assurances; Belarus and NPT challenges; A perspective on the chemical weapons convention - Lessons learned from the preparatory commission.

Bailey, K.C.; Price, M.E. [eds.

1994-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

47

The Borobudur Vessels in Context  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Indonesian Archipelago. Created by Douglas Inglis using a portion of the 1:10m Natural Earth II map and wind pattern data presented by Hall as well as Glover and Bellwood (Hall 1985, 22, Map 1; Bellwood and Glover 2004, 10, Fig. 1.4; Natural Earth 2014... Natural Earth II map and wind pattern data presented by Hall as well as Glover and Bellwood (Hall 1985, 22, Map 1; Bellwood and Glover 2004, 10, Fig. 1.4; Natural Earth 2014). 20 interaction between these turns of topography and the prevailing winds...

Inglis, Douglas Andrew

2014-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

48

Indonesia begins to realize its potential: New plants feed growing consumption  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Compared with its neighbors, Indonesia, rich in oil and natural gas resources, has been slow to develop its petrochemical industry. This is partly because of the government`s past policy of not providing financial incentives for major investments and, conforming with the trend toward free trade in Southeast Asia, not protecting new industries with tariffs. Change is under way, however. With a large population and rapid economic growth forecast, Indonesian and foreign investors realize petrochemicals constitute an opportunity too good to miss. Two new steam cracker projects have recently been announced, while numerous downstream petrochemical plants were confirmed during 1996. Meanwhile, the government has demonstrated during the past year that it is willing to intervene to support new producers with tariffs if necessary.

Munthe, G.N.

1997-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

49

The Asia-Pacific coal technology conference  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Asia-Pacific coal technology conference was held in Honolulu, Hawaii, November 14--16, 1989. Topics discussed included the following: Expanded Horizons for US Coal Technology and Coal Trade; Future Coal-Fired Generation and Capacity Requirements of the Philippines; Taiwan Presentation; Korean Presentation; Hong Kong Future Coal Requirements; Indonesian Presentation; Electric Power System in Thailand; Coal in Malaysia -- A Position Paper; The US and Asia: Pacific Partners in Coal and Coal Technology; US Coal Production and Export; US Clean Coal Technologies; Developments in Coal Transport and Utilization; Alternative/Innovative Transport; Electricity Generation in Asia and the Pacific: Power Sector Demand for Coal, Oil and Natural Gas; Role of Clean Coal Technology in the Energy Future of the World; Global Climate Change: A Fossil Energy Perspective; Speaker: The Role of Coal in Meeting Hawaii's Power Needs; and Workshops on Critical Issues Associated with Coal Usage. Individual topics are processed separately for the data bases.

Not Available

1990-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Tsunami evacuation mathematical model for the city of Padang  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Tsunami is a series of wave trains which travels with high speed on the sea surface. This traveling wave is caused by the displacement of a large volume of water after the occurrence of an underwater earthquake or volcano eruptions. The speed of tsunami decreases when it reaches the sea shore along with the increase of its amplitudes. Two large tsunamis had occurred in the last decades in Indonesia with huge casualties and large damages. Indonesian Tsunami Early Warning System has been installed along the west coast of Sumatra. This early warning system will give about 10-15 minutes to evacuate people from high risk regions to the safe areas. Here in this paper, a mathematical model for Tsunami evacuation is presented with the city of Padang as a study case. In the model, the safe areas are chosen from the existing and selected high rise buildings, low risk region with relatively high altitude and (proposed to be built) a flyover ring road. Each gathering points are located in the radius of approximately 1 km from the ring road. The model is formulated as an optimization problem with the total normalized evacuation time as the objective function. The constraints consist of maximum allowable evacuation time in each route, maximum capacity of each safe area, and the number of people to be evacuated. The optimization problem is solved numerically using linear programming method with Matlab. Numerical results are shown for various evacuation scenarios for the city of Padang.

Kusdiantara, R.; Hadianti, R.; Badri Kusuma, M. S.; Soewono, E. [Department of Mathematics Institut Teknologi Bandung, Bandung 40132 (Indonesia); Department of Civil Engineering Institut Teknologi Bandung, Bandung 40132 (Indonesia); Department of Mathematics Institut Teknologi Bandung, Bandung 40132 (Indonesia)

2012-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

51

Environmental and economic analyses of waste disposal options for traditional markets in Indonesia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Waste from traditional markets in Indonesia is the second largest stream of municipal solid waste after household waste. It has a higher organic fraction and may have greater potential to be managed on a business scale compared to household wastes. The attributed reason is that in general the wastes generated from traditional markets are more uniform, more concentrated and less hazardous than waste from other sources. This paper presents the results of environmental and economic assessments to compare the options available for traditional market waste disposal in Indonesia. The options compared were composting in labour intensive plants, composting in a centralised plant that utilised a simple wheel loader, centralised biogas production and landfill for electricity production. The current open dumping practice was included as the baseline case. A life cycle assessment (LCA) was used for environmental analysis. All options compared have lower environmental impacts than the current practice of open dumping. The biogas production option has the lowest environmental impacts. A cost-benefit analysis, which considered greenhouse gas savings, was used for the economic assessment. It was found that composting at a centralised plant is the most economically feasible option under the present Indonesian conditions. The approach reported in this study could be applied for 'a pre-feasibility first cut comparison' that includes environmental aspects in a decision-making framework for developing countries even though European emission factors were used.

Aye, Lu [International Technologies Centre (IDTC), Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Melbourne, Vic. 3010 (Australia)]. E-mail: lua@unimelb.edu.au; Widjaya, E.R. [International Technologies Centre (IDTC), Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, The University of Melbourne, Vic. 3010 (Australia)

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Coalbed methane: A partial solution to Indonesia`s growing energy problems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Indonesia contains the largest resources of coal in Southeast Asia. Indonesian scientists estimate that the in-place coalbed methane resource in 16 onshore basins is about 213 Tcf ({approximately}6 Tcm). This volume is approximately double Indonesia`s current reserves of natural gas. Indonesia is a rapidly industrializing nation of 186 million people, of which 111 million live in Java and 38 million in Sumatra. As industrialization progresses from the present low level, the growth in energy demand will be very rapid. Indonesia`s domestic gas demand is expected to increase form 1.6 Bcf/d (0.05 Bcm/d) in 1991 to 5.7 Bcf/d (0.2 Bcm/d) in 2021. Because the major gas resources of East Kalimantan, North Sumatra, and Natuna are so remote from the main consuming area in northwest Java and are dedicated for export by virtue of the national energy policy, the need is becoming urgent to develop new resources of natural gas, including coalbed methane, for the domestic market. Due to the high geothermal gradient, the coal deposits in the back-arc basins of Sumatra and Java are expected to be of higher than normal rank at depths favorable for coalbed methane production. The oil- and gas-productive Jatibarang sub-basin in northwest Java, with estimated in-place resources of coalbed methane in excess of 20 Tcf (0.6 Tcm), is considered to be the most prospective area in Indonesia for the near-term development of coalbed methane. This area includes Jakarta and vicinity, the most populous and most heavily industrialized part of Indonesia.

Murray, D.K. [D. Keith Murray & Associates, Lakewood, CO (United States); Gold, J.P. [Consulting Geologist, Evergreen, CO (United States)

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

The RERTR Program status and progress  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The progress of the Reduced Enrichment Research and Test Reactor (RERTR) Program is described. The major events, findings, and activities of 1995 are reviewed after a brief summary of the results which the RERTR Program had achieved by the end of 1994. The revelation that Iraq was on the verge of developing a nuclear weapon at the time of the Gulf War, and that it was planning to do so by extracting HEU from the fuel of its research reactors, has given new impetus and urgency to the RERTR commitment of eliminating HEU use in research and test reactors worldwide. Development of advanced LEU research reactor fuels is scheduled to begin in October 1995. The Russian RERTR program, which aims to develop and demonstrate within the next five years the technical means needed to convert Russian-supplied research reactors to LEU fuels, is now in operation. A Statement of Intent was signed by high US and Chinese officials, endorsing cooperative activities between the RERTR program and Chinese laboratories involved in similar activities. Joint studies of LEU technical feasibility were completed for the SAFARI-I reactor in South Africa and for the ANS reactor in the US. A new study has been initiated for the FRM-II reactor in Germany. Significant progress was made on several aspects of producing {sup 99}Mo from fission targets utilizing LEU instead of HEU. A cooperation agreements is in place with the Indonesian BATAN. The first prototypical irradiation of an LEU metal-foil target for {sup 99}Mo production was accomplished in Indonesia. The TR-2 reactor, in Turkey, began conversion. SAPHIR, in Switzerland, was shut down. LEU fuel fabrication has begun for the conversion of two more US reactors. Twelve foreign reactors and nine domestic reactors have been fully converted. Approximately 60 % of the work required to eliminate the use of HEU in US-supplied research reactors has been accomplished.

Travelli, A.

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Seasonally Resolved Surface Water (delta)14C Variability in the Lombok Strait: A Coralline Perspective  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have explored surface water mixing in the Lombok Strait through a {approx}bimonthly resolved surface water {Delta}{sup 14}C time-series reconstructed from a coral in the Lombok Strait that spans 1937 through 1990. The prebomb surface water {Delta}{sup 14}C average is -60.5{per_thousand} and individual samples range from -72{per_thousand} to 134{per_thousand}. The annual average post-bomb maximum occurs in 1973 and is 122{per_thousand}. The timing of the post-bomb maximum is consistent with a primary subtropical source for the surface waters in the Indonesian Seas. During the post-bomb period the coral records regular seasonal cycles of 5-20{per_thousand}. Seasonal high {Delta}{sup 14}C occur during March-May (warm, low salinity), and low {Delta}{sup 14}C occur in September (cool, higher salinity). The {Delta}{sup 14}C seasonality is coherent and in phase with the seasonal {Delta}{sup 14}C cycle observed in Makassar Strait. We estimate the influence of high {Delta}{sup 14}C Makassar Strait (North Pacific) water flowing through the Lombok Strait using a two endmember mixing model and the seasonal extremes observed at the two sites. The percentage of Makassar Strait water varies between 16 and 70%, and between 1955 and 1990 it averages 40%. During La Nina events there is a higher percentage of Makassar Strait (high {Delta}{sup 14}C) water in the Lombok Strait.

Guilderson, T P; Fallon, S J; Moore, M D; Schrag, D P; Charles, C D

2008-04-23T23:59:59.000Z