Sample records for individual drainage systems

  1. EA-1093: Surface Water Drainage System, Golden, Colorado

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of the proposal to correct deficiencies in, and then to maintain, the surface water drainage system serving the U.S. Department of Energy's Rocky Flats...

  2. PrelimDrainage, a software system for preliminary design of storm drainage systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Keith Kim

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ) Keith Kim Williams, B. A. , Texas Tech University; M. S. , Texas Tech University; Ph, D. , University of Oklahoma Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. Donald K. Friesen PrelimDrainage is a computer program that simulates an expert engineer's reasoning... flood flow rates are computed with formulas commonly accepted in hydrology. The expert decision making is achieved through an algorithm developed specially for this program, based on a scalar product calculation for a pattern classifier, which...

  3. Interactions between Catchbasin and Street Cleaning in Urban Drainages and Sediment Transport in Storm Drainage Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pitt, Robert E.

    1 Interactions between Catchbasin and Street Cleaning in Urban Drainages and Sediment Transport ...................................................................................................................................................................24 Abstract Much research has been conducted on the transport, settling, and scour of gross solids transport in separate storm drainage has not been considered to be a significant problem for public works

  4. Clogging Potential of Tire Shred-Drainage Layer in Landfill Cover Systems Krishna R. Reddy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , drainage, hydraulic conductivity, landfill, recycling, tires #12;3 Introduction Over 280 million used1 Clogging Potential of Tire Shred-Drainage Layer in Landfill Cover Systems Krishna R. Reddy of shredded scrap tire drainage layers in landfill covers. Laboratory clogging tests were conducted using soil

  5. Beneficial Use of Shredded Tires as Drainage Material in Cover Systems for Abandoned Landfills

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ; Landfills; Recycling; Slope stability; Drainage. Author keywords: Waste tires; Landfill cover; DrainageBeneficial Use of Shredded Tires as Drainage Material in Cover Systems for Abandoned Landfills Krishna R. Reddy1 ; Timothy D. Stark2 ; and Aravind Marella3 Abstract: Over 280 million tires

  6. Biofilms as sources of fecal bacteria contamination in the stormwater drainage system in Singapore

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burkhart, Tsung Hwa (Tsung Hwa Sophia)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A study was performed to examine a possible source of fecal bacteria contamination originating from within the stormwater drainage system in Singapore. The extent of fecal bacteria presence in storm drain biofilms was ...

  7. Defining manganese(II) removal processes in passive coal mine drainage treatment systems through laboratory incubation experiments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burgos, William

    - trations. At operating coal mines, the most commonly used ``active treatment'' method to remove MnDefining manganese(II) removal processes in passive coal mine drainage treatment systems through for the passive removal of Mn(II) from coal mine drainage (CMD). Aqueous Mn(II) is removed via oxidative

  8. Engineering applications of soil information system (sis): precision irrigation and drainage systems design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ceylan, Bilge Kagan

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    that are currently employed in drainage design and construction were evaluated. A detailed market analysis was conducted with a focus on the industry stakeholders. A strategic strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats (SWOT) analysis was conducted...

  9. Treatment and prevention systems for acid mine drainage and halogenated contaminants

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Jin, Song (Fort Collins, CO); Fallgren, Paul H. (Laramie, WY); Morris, Jeffrey M. (Laramie, WY)

    2012-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Embodiments include treatments for acid mine drainage generation sources (10 perhaps by injection of at least one substrate (11) and biologically constructing a protective biofilm (13) on acid mine drainage generation source materials (14). Further embodiments include treatments for degradation of contaminated water environments (17) with substrates such as returned milk and the like.

  10. Scale effects on the hydrological impact of upland afforestation and drainage using indices of flow variability Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 7(3), 325338 (2003) EGU

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Scale effects on the hydrological impact of upland afforestation and drainage using indices of flow variability 325 Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 7(3), 325338 (2003) © EGU Scale effects on the hydrological impact of upland afforestation and drainage using indices of flow variability: the River Irthing

  11. Flooding in urban drainage systems: Coupling hyperbolic conservation laws for sewer systems and surface flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borsche, Raul

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we propose a model for a sewer network coupled to surface flow and investigate it numerically. In particular, we present a new model for the manholes in storm sewer systems. It is derived using the balance of the total energy in the complete network. The resulting system of equations contains, aside from hyperbolic conservation laws for the sewer network and algebraic relations for the coupling conditions, a system of ODEs governing the flow in the manholes. The manholes provide natural points for the interaction of the sewer system and the run off on the urban surface modelled by shallow water equations. Finally, a numerical method for the coupled system is presented. In several numerical tests we study the influence of the manhole model on the sewer system and the coupling with 2D surface flow.

  12. An Operation Strategy for Drainage Water Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cherkauer, Keith

    leaching of soil profile. · Nitrate load to Gulf of Mexico increased by 300% since 1970 (Goolsby et al., 2001). Drainage water management may reduce nitrate load from tile drainage systems. #12;· About 50% of annual nitrogen load is delivered through the tile systems to surface water when there is no need

  13. Transient drainage summary report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes the history of transient drainage issues on the Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project. It defines and describes the UMTRA Project disposal cell transient drainage process and chronicles UMTRA Project treatment of the transient drainage phenomenon. Section 4.0 includes a conceptual cross section of each UMTRA Project disposal site and summarizes design and construction information, the ground water protection strategy, and the potential for transient drainage.

  14. An investigation of leaky sewers as a source of fecal contamination in the stormwater drainage system in Singapore

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doshi, Janhvi (Janhvi Manoj)

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A preliminary investigation was conducted into possible pathways for fecal contamination to enter stormwater drains from leaky underground sewer lines in Singapore. The island's drainage channels flow into catchment ...

  15. Using a furrow system for surface drainage under unsteady rain , J.C, Mailhol2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    function is based on the kinematic wave model, the explicit solution of which is coupled with the water typical rainfalls. Key words: Runoff, furrow system, unsteady rainfall, overland flow, kinematic wave-EAU, Maison des sciences de l'eau 300 Av E. Jeanbrau, 34095 Montpellier Cedex 05, France Abstract Water excess

  16. IMPACT OF INDIVIDUAL COGNITION ON PRODUCT LIFECYCLE MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    IMPACT OF INDIVIDUAL COGNITION ON PRODUCT LIFECYCLE MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS Pierre-Emmanuel Arduin of Compiègne, France 1. Introduction Product Lifecycle Management (PLM) aims at an integrated management of all product-related information and processes through the entire lifecycle for Terzi et al. (2010). Within

  17. Work extraction and thermodynamics for individual quantum systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paul Skrzypczyk; Anthony J. Short; Sandu Popescu

    2014-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Thermodynamics is traditionally concerned with systems comprised of a large number of particles. Here we present a framework for extending thermodynamics to individual quantum systems, including explicitly a thermal bath and work-storage device (essentially a `weight' that can be raised or lowered). We prove that the second law of thermodynamics holds in our framework, and give a simple protocol to extract the optimal amount of work from the system, equal to its change in free energy. Our results apply to any quantum system in an arbitrary initial state, in particular including non-equilibrium situations. The optimal protocol is essentially reversible, similar to classical Carnot cycles, and indeed, we show that it can be used it to construct a quantum Carnot engine.

  18. Multifamily Individual Heating and Ventilation Systems, Lawrence, Massachusetts (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The conversion of an older Massachusetts building into condominiums illustrates a safe, durable, and cost-effective solution for heating and ventilation systems that can potentially benefit millions of multifamily buildings. Merrimack Valley Habitat for Humanity (MVHfH) partnered with U.S. Department of Energy Building America team Building Science Corporation (BSC) to provide high performance affordable housing for 10 families in the retrofit of an existing mass masonry building (a former convent). The original ventilation design for the project was provided by a local engineer and consisted of a single large heat recovery ventilator (HRV) located in a mechanical room in the basement with a centralized duct system providing supply air to the main living space and exhausting stale air from the single bathroom in each apartment. This design was deemed to be far too costly to install and operate for several reasons: the large central HRV was oversized and the specified flows to each apartment were much higher than the ASHRAE 62.2 rate; an extensive system of ductwork, smoke and fire dampers, and duct chases were specified; ductwork required a significant area of dropped ceilings; and the system lacked individual ventilation control in the apartments

  19. `Individual Ventilated Caging System' & `Animal Cage Changing Station' Page 1 NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF IMMUNOLOGY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhalla, Upinder S.

    `Individual Ventilated Caging System' & `Animal Cage Changing Station' Page 1 NATIONAL INSTITUTE: (1) `Individual Ventilated Caging System' & (2) `Animal Cage Changing Station' Director, NII ­ New Document (Rs) 1 Individual Ventilated Caging System (Annexure-A) Air Handling Unit = 15 Nos. Animal

  20. Hydraulic Interaction between Geosynthetic Drainage Layers and Unsaturated Low Plasticity Clay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zornberg, Jorge G.

    1 Hydraulic Interaction between Geosynthetic Drainage Layers and Unsaturated Low Plasticity Clay of soil density on the hydraulic interaction between unsaturated, low plasticity clay and geosynthetic drainage layers. The hydraulic interaction was evaluated using the system hydraulic conductivity, moisture

  1. Individual Module Maximum Power Point Tracking for Thermoelectric Generator Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schaltz, Erik

    of Thermo Electric Generator (TEG) systems a power converter is often inserted between the TEG system that the TEG system produces the maximum power. However, if the conditions, e.g. temperature, health, age, etc find the best compromise of all modules. In order to increase the power production of the TEG system

  2. Intelligent Unmanned Vehicle Systems Suitable For Individual or Cooperative Missions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Matthew O. Anderson; Mark D. McKay; Derek C. Wadsworth

    2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Department of Energy’s Idaho National Laboratory (INL) has been researching autonomous unmanned vehicle systems for the past several years. Areas of research have included unmanned ground and aerial vehicles used for hazardous and remote operations as well as teamed together for advanced payloads and mission execution. Areas of application include aerial particulate sampling, cooperative remote radiological sampling, and persistent surveillance including real-time mosaic and geo-referenced imagery in addition to high resolution still imagery. Both fixed-wing and rotary airframes are used possessing capabilities spanning remote control to fully autonomous operation. Patented INL-developed auto steering technology is taken advantage of to provide autonomous parallel path swathing with either manned or unmanned ground vehicles. Aerial look-ahead imagery is utilized to provide a common operating picture for the ground and air vehicle during cooperative missions. This paper will discuss the various robotic vehicles, including sensor integration, used to achieve these missions and anticipated cost and labor savings.

  3. Dual Stewart-Platform Gait Rehabilitation System for Individuals Post-Stroke

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Jersey, University of Medicine and Dentistry of

    IWVR2003 92 Dual Stewart-Platform Gait Rehabilitation System for Individuals Post-Stroke R. F, robotics, gait rehabilitation, Stewart platform, force feedback, post-stroke patients Introduction Hardware and software Setup The Stewart-platforms developed for this system are based on the original

  4. Parking and routing information system phase 1 evaluation -- Individual evaluation test plans

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carter, R.J.

    1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A parking and routing information system (PARIS) is being designed and deployed at a test site on the Mountain Home Veterans Administration campus in Johnson City, Tennessee using three sensor technologies. The purpose of the PARIS project is to demonstrate innovative integration of vehicle sensing technologies with parking management strategies to improve mobility and relieve congestion associated with a growing medical/technology complex. This technical memorandum presents the four individual evaluation test plans, System Performance Individual Evaluation Test Plan, User Acceptance Individual Evaluation Test Plan, Institutional and Business Issues Individual Evaluation Test Plan, and Transportation Systems Individual Evaluation Test Plan, which were developed to support ORNL`s responsibilities and functions during the four studies. The plans define the level of effort required to satisfy the data collection, processing, and analysis requirements for the assessment of the system performance, user acceptance, institutional and business issues, and transportation systems components of the PARIS phase 1 evaluation. Each plan is divided into three subsections: executive summary, detailed study design, and study management.

  5. Computational model, method, and system for kinetically-tailoring multi-drug chemotherapy for individuals

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gardner, Shea Nicole (San Leandro, CA)

    2007-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

    A method and system for tailoring treatment regimens to individual patients with diseased cells exhibiting evolution of resistance to such treatments. A mathematical model is provided which models rates of population change of proliferating and quiescent diseased cells using cell kinetics and evolution of resistance of the diseased cells, and pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic models. Cell kinetic parameters are obtained from an individual patient and applied to the mathematical model to solve for a plurality of treatment regimens, each having a quantitative efficacy value associated therewith. A treatment regimen may then be selected from the plurlaity of treatment options based on the efficacy value.

  6. Optimal Spacing in an Array of Fully Penetrating Ditches for Subsurface Drainage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chahar, B. R.

    Optimal Spacing in an Array of Fully Penetrating Ditches for Subsurface Drainage Bhagu R. Chahar1 courses, race courses, parks, and other amenities Chahar and Vadodaria 2008 . Subsurface drainage system 1995 . An extensive solu- tion has been obtained by Chahar and Vadodaria 2008 for drain- age from

  7. Individual Dose Calculations with Use of the Revised Techa River Dosimetry System TRDS-2009D

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Degteva, M. O.; Shagina, N. B.; Tolstykh, E. I.; Vorobiova, M. I.; Anspaugh, L. R.; Napier, Bruce A.

    2009-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

    An updated deterministic version of the Techa River Dosimetry System (TRDS-2009D) has been developed to estimate individual doses from external exposure and intake of radionuclides for residents living on the Techa River contaminated as a result of radioactive releases from the Mayak plutonium facility in 1949–1956. The TRDS-2009D is designed as a flexible system that uses, depending on the input data for an individual, various elements of system databases to provide the dosimetric variables requested by the user. Several phases are included in the computation schedule. The first phase includes calculations with use of a common protocol for all cohort members based on village-average-intake functions and external dose rates; individual data on age, gender and history of residence are included in the first phase. This phase results in dose estimates similar to those obtained with system TRDS-2000 used previously to derive risks of health effects in the Techa River Cohort. The second phase includes refinement of individual internal doses for those persons who have had body-burden measurements or exposure parameters specific to the household where he/she lived on the Techa River. The third phase includes summation of individual doses from environmental exposure and from radiological examinations. The results of TRDS-2009D dose calculations have demonstrated for the ETRC members on average a moderate increase in RBM dose estimates (34%) and a minor increase (5%) in estimates of stomach dose. The calculations for the members of the ETROC indicated similar small changes for stomach, but significant increase in RBM doses (400%). Individual-dose assessments performed with use of TRDS-2009D have been provided to epidemiologists for exploratory risk analysis in the ETRC and ETROC. These data provide an opportunity to evaluate the possible impact on radiogenic risk of such factors as confounding exposure (environmental and medical), changes in the Techa River source-term data and the change of the approach to individual internal dose estimation (90Sr-body burden measurements and family correlations vs. village averages). Our further plan is to upgrade the TRDS-2009D and to complete a stochastic version of the dosimetry system.

  8. Real-Time Detection Method And System For Identifying Individual Aerosol Particles

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gard, Eric Evan (San Francisco, CA); Fergenson, David Philip (Livermore, CA)

    2005-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

    A method and system of identifying individual aerosol particles in real time. Sample aerosol particles are compared against and identified with substantially matching known particle types by producing positive and negative test spectra of an individual aerosol particle using a bipolar single particle mass spectrometer. Each test spectrum is compared to spectra of the same respective polarity in a database of predetermined positive and negative spectra for known particle types and a set of substantially matching spectra is obtained. Finally the identity of the individual aerosol particle is determined from the set of substantially matching spectra by determining a best matching one of the known particle types having both a substantially matching positive spectrum and a substantially matching negative spectrum associated with the best matching known particle type.

  9. Explorations in combining cognitive models of individuals and system dynamics models of groups.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Backus, George A.

    2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report documents a demonstration model of interacting insurgent leadership, military leadership, government leadership, and societal dynamics under a variety of interventions. The primary focus of the work is the portrayal of a token societal model that responds to leadership activities. The model also includes a linkage between leadership and society that implicitly represents the leadership subordinates as they directly interact with the population. The societal model is meant to demonstrate the efficacy and viability of using System Dynamics (SD) methods to simulate populations and that these can then connect to cognitive models depicting individuals. SD models typically focus on average behavior and thus have limited applicability to describe small groups or individuals. On the other hand, cognitive models readily describe individual behavior but can become cumbersome when used to describe populations. Realistic security situations are invariably a mix of individual and population dynamics. Therefore, the ability to tie SD models to cognitive models provides a critical capability that would be otherwise be unavailable.

  10. Drainage, Sanitation, and Public Facilities Districts (Virginia)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This legislation provides for the establishment of sanitary, sanitation, drainage, and public facilities districts in Virginia. Designated districts are public bodies, and have the authority to...

  11. Conceptual design report for site drainage control

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hunter, M.R.

    1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Mound Plant (Mound), located in Miamisburg, Ohio, is a Department of Energy (DOE) development and production facility performing support work for DOE`s weapons and energy-related programs. EG&G Mound Applied Technologies, Inc. (EG&G) is the Operating Contractor (OC) for this Government-Owned, Contractor-Operated (GOCO) facility. The work performed at Mound emphasizes nuclear energy and explosives technology. Mound is currently implementing an Environmental, Safety & Health (ES&H) Upgrades Program designed to protect its employees, the public, and the environment from adverse effects caused by facility activities. The first project of this multiphase program is now in the final stages of construction, and the second project is currently under design. Four additional projects, one of which is presented in this report, are in the conceptual design stage. At Mound, 22 soil zones have become contaminated with radioactive material. These zones cover approximately 20 percent of the total area of developed property at the site. During a storm event, the rainwater washes contaminated soil from these zones into the storm sewer system. These radioactive contaminants may then be discharged along with the stormwater into the Great Miami River via the Miami Erie Canal. This conceptual design report (CDR), Site Drainage Control, the fourth project in the ES&H program, describes a project that will provide improvements and much needed repairs to inadequate and deteriorating portions of the storm drainage system on the developed property. The project also will provide a stormwater retention facility capable of storing the stormwater runoff, from the developed property, resulting from a 100-year storm event. These improvements will permit the effective control and monitoring of stormwater to prevent the spread of radioactive contaminants from contaminated soil zones and will provide a means to collect and contain accidental spills of hazardous substances.

  12. Copper isotope fractionation in acid mine drainage. | EMSL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in acid mine drainage. Abstract: We surveyed the Cu isotopic composition of primary minerals and stream water affected by acid mine drainage in a mineralized watershed located in...

  13. Using tire chips as a leachate drainage layer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duffy, D.P. [RMT, Inc., Ann Arbor, MI (United States)

    1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Old tires represent a potentially cost-effective construction material that can be used in the installation of leachate drainage and collection systems. In fact, recent studies show that using shredded tires in conjunction with granular soil materials can even enhance the long-term performance of these systems. A typical design using shredded tire chips involves the placement of a minimum 1-foot-thick layer of chips on a granular soil layer overlaying the composite liner system. However, implementation of this design is not as simple as it looks. Protecting the liner from wire protruding from the tire chips derived from belted tires is essential. Because tire chips tend to clump together, placement and spreading also must be in relatively thick lifts and performed by low-ground-pressure equipment. In addition, a significant volume reduction in the tire chip layer can be anticipated as a result of normal loadings from the overlying waste. Equivalent internal friction angles and cohesiveness for the tire chips should be estimated for factors of safety against side-slope failure. Despite theses concerns, however,the advantages of constructing a tire-chip drainage layer often can outweigh the disadvantages, as long as the chips` long-term permeability characteristics and resistance to clogging -- a result of biological activity -- are at least equal to that of typical granular soil materials commonly used in leachate drainage and collection systems.

  14. Real-time detection method and system for identifying individual aerosol particles

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gard, Eric E. (San Francisco, CA); Coffee, Keith R. (Patterson, CA); Frank, Matthias (Oakland, CA); Tobias, Herbert J. (Kensington, CA); Fergenson, David P. (Alamo, CA); Madden, Norm (Livermore, CA); Riot, Vincent J. (Berkeley, CA); Steele, Paul T. (Livermore, CA); Woods, Bruce W. (Livermore, CA)

    2007-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

    An improved method and system of identifying individual aerosol particles in real time. Sample aerosol particles are collimated, tracked, and screened to determine which ones qualify for mass spectrometric analysis based on predetermined qualification or selection criteria. Screening techniques include one or more of determining particle size, shape, symmetry, and fluorescence. Only qualifying particles passing all screening criteria are subject to desorption/ionization and single particle mass spectrometry to produce corresponding test spectra, which is used to determine the identities of each of the qualifying aerosol particles by comparing the test spectra against predetermined spectra for known particle types. In this manner, activation cycling of a particle ablation laser of a single particle mass spectrometer is reduced.

  15. JOURNAL OF IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE ENGINEERING / SEPTEMBER/OCTOBER 2001 / 287 DESIGN OF MINIMUM SEEPAGE LOSS CANAL SECTIONS WITH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chahar, B. R.

    conveyance systems for deliv- ering water for irrigation. The seepage loss from irrigation canals constitutesJOURNAL OF IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE ENGINEERING / SEPTEMBER/OCTOBER 2001 / 287 DESIGN OF MINIMUM other factors [International Commission on Irrigation and Drainage (ICID) (1967)]. Analytical solutions

  16. Stuck in a Loop: Individual and System Barriers for Job Seekers with Disabilities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hall, Jean P.; Parker, K.

    2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Research conducted within Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996) and Workforce Investment Act of 1998 systems indicates pervasive issues hindering ...

  17. Design and construction of a support system for severely debilitated individuals to prevent ischemia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frye, Phillip Randolph

    1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . The process would be similar to manufacture of beach air mattresses and would reduce the cost of the mattress sub-system. 45 Control Sub-System The control sub-system consisted of a timing assembly, intake manifold, partial vacuum manifolc, eleven... with a gage (this could be a manometer) provided the solenoid to the given row was open. The rows were also connected to "exhaust" solenoids [El-5] leading to a manifold which vented either to the atmosphere or to a partial vacuum. The timing...

  18. Identifying evolving multivariate dynamics in individual and cohort time series, with application to physiological control systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nemati, Shamim, 1980-

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Physiological control systems involve multiple interacting variables operating in feedback loops that enhance an organism's ability to self-regulate and respond to internal and external disturbances. The resulting multivariate ...

  19. Analysis of drainage and consolidation at typical uranium mill tailings sites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fayer, M.J.; Conbere, W.

    1985-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The computer code TRUNC was used to analyze three aspects of uranium mill tailings dewatering: the coupling of consolidation and fluid flow, drainage design, and cover load. One-dimensional simulations of the effects of consolidation on fluid flow within a tailings pile of either slimes or a sand/slimes mix showed that drainage flux was greater for a consolidating system early in the simulation. However, after days 1400 and 160 of the simulations for the slimes and sand/slimes mix, respectively, the fluxes from the nonconsolidating systems were greater. In the sand/slimes mix, the nonconsolidating system had a cumulative flux by day 5000 that was 93% of that of the consolidating system. At the same time, in the slimes tailings piles the nonconsolidating system had a cumulative flux of only 34% of that of the consolidating system. This difference indicates that consolidation and fluid flow should not be decoupled for the slimes. Two-dimensional simulations of an actual tailings pile drainage design showed that a sand blanket drain increased the rate of drainage and settlement. The sand blanket drain also significantly reduced differential settlement across the pile. This indicates that the use of a sand blanket drain could enable earlier placement of the cover system after tailings emplacement. In simulations of covered and uncovered tailings piles, nearly the same quantity of water was removed from each, but drainage occurred much more slowly without the cover; hence, surface settlement was slower when the tailings pile was not covered. 10 refs., 19 figs., 2 tabs.

  20. Poorly Draining Soil Reinforced with Geosynthetic with in Plane Drainage: Efficiency and Pore Pressure Behavior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zornberg, Jorge G.

    drainage system contributes to the dissipation of porous pressure when the water content of the soil test, porous pressure 1 INTRODUCTION Sustainable technologies can be defined as the use of methods of cement is to build mechanically stabilized earth walls rather than concrete walls. Conventionally, freely

  1. Three-Phase Modular Cascaded H-Bridge Multilevel Inverter with Individual MPPT for Grid-Connected Photovoltaic Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xiao, Bailu [ORNL; Hang, Lijun [ORNL; Riley, Cameron [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Tolbert, Leon M [ORNL; Ozpineci, Burak [ORNL

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A three-phase modular cascaded H-bridge multilevel inverter for a grid-connected photovoltaic (PV) system is presented in this paper. To maximize the solar energy extraction of each PV string, an individual maximum power point tracking (MPPT) control scheme is applied, which allows the independent control of each dc-link voltage. PV mismatches may introduce unbalanced power supplied to the three-phase system. To solve this issue, a control scheme with modulation compensation is proposed. The three-phase modular cascaded multilevel inverter prototype has been built. Each H-bridge is connected to a 185 W solar panel. Simulation and experimental results are presented to validate the proposed ideas.

  2. Bioreactor for acid mine drainage control

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Zaluski, Marek H. (Butte, MT); Manchester, Kenneth R. (Butte, MT)

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A bioreactor for reacting an aqueous heavy metal and sulfate containing mine drainage solution with sulfate reducing bacteria to produce heavy metal sulfides and reduce the sulfuric acid content of the solution. The reactor is an elongated, horizontal trough defining an inlet section and a reaction section. An inlet manifold adjacent the inlet section distributes aqueous mine drainage solution into the inlet section for flow through the inlet section and reaction section. A sulfate reducing bacteria and bacteria nutrient composition in the inlet section provides sulfate reducing bacteria that with the sulfuric acid and heavy metals in the solution to form solid metal sulfides. The sulfate reducing bacteria and bacteria nutrient composition is retained in the cells of a honeycomb structure formed of cellular honeycomb panels mounted in the reactor inlet section. The honeycomb panels extend upwardly in the inlet section at an acute angle with respect to the horizontal. The cells defined in each panel are thereby offset with respect to the honeycomb cells in each adjacent panel in order to define a tortuous path for the flow of the aqueous solution.

  3. Passive removal of manganese from acid mine drainage

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brant, D.L.; Ziemkiewicz, P.F. [West Virginia Univ., Morgantown, WV (United States)

    1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Removal of manganese (Mn) from mine drainage is difficult due to the abnormal chemistry of the element. The removal requires the oxidation of Mn(II) (the form found in mine drainage) to the more oxidized forms (Mn(III) or Mn(IV)). The more oxidized forms exist only as solids and will not return to Mn(II) spontaneously. Chemical treatment of Mn often requires a pH near 10 to initiate the oxidation quickly. A stabilized pH of 10 normally causes more harm to aquatic organisms than the Mn and is not desirable, making additional steps in the treatment necessary. Biological removal of Mn can be achieved at near neutral pH levels. The Shade Mining site in Somerset County, PA has been treating Mn to discharge limits since the early 1990`s (reducing Mn concentrations from 12 - 25 mg/L in the influent to <2 mg/L in the effluent). The treatment system consists of an anoxic limestone drain discharging into a wetland to remove iron, aluminum, and acidity, while increasing pH and alkalinity. The wetland effluent flows into two limestone beds (Mn removal). The limestone beds developed a black slime coating as the Mn removal increased. This system continues to remove Mn in all weather conditions and has not required chemical treatment since the black coating appeared on the limestone. A laboratory study was conducted using limestone collected from the Shade site to use the same naturally occurring Mn oxidizing microbes. The lab study compared W removal rates of microbial oxidation, MnO{sub 2} catalyzed limestone, and fresh uncoated limestone. The microbial removal performed the best (25 mg/L Mn reduced to <2 mg/L in 72 hours).

  4. Evaluate Status of Pacific Lamprey in the Clearwater River Drainage, Idaho: Annual Report 2001.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cochnauer, Tim; Claire, Christopher

    2002-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent decline of Pacific lamprey Lampetra tridentata adult migrants to the Snake River drainage has focused attention on the species. Adult Pacific lamprey counted passing Ice Harbor Dam fishway averaged 18,158 during 1962-69 and 361 during 1993-2000. Human resource manipulations in the Snake River and Clearwater River drainages have altered ecosystem habitat in the last 120 years, likely impacting the productive potential of Pacific lamprey habitat. Timber harvest, stream impoundment, road construction, grazing, mining, and community development have dominated habitat alteration in the Clearwater River system and Snake River corridor. Hydroelectric projects in the Snake River corridor impact juvenile/larval Pacific lamprey outmigrants and returning adults. Juvenile and larval lamprey outmigrants potentially pass through turbines, turbine bypass/collection systems, and over spillway structures at the four lower Snake River hydroelectric dams. Clearwater River drainage hydroelectric facilities have impacted Pacific lamprey populations to an unknown degree. The Pacific Power and Light Dam on the Clearwater River in Lewiston, Idaho, restricted chinook salmon Oncorhynchus tshawytscha passage in the 1927-1940 period, altering the migration route of outmigrating Pacific lamprey juveniles/larvae and upstream adult migrants (1927-1972). Dworshak Dam, completed in 1972, eliminated Pacific lamprey spawning and rearing in the North Fork Clearwater River drainage. Construction of the Harpster hydroelectric dam on the South Fork of the Clearwater River resulted in obstructed fish passage 1949-1963. Through Bonneville Power Administration support, the Idaho Department of Fish and Game continued investigation into the status of Pacific lamprey populations in Idaho's Clearwater River drainage in 2001. Trapping, electrofishing, and spawning ground redd surveys were used to determine Pacific lamprey distribution, life history strategies, and habitat requirements in the South Fork Clearwater River drainage. Forty-three sites in Red River, South Fork Clearwater River, and their tributaries were electrofished in 2001. Sampling yielded a total of 442 juvenile/larval Pacific lamprey. Findings indicate Pacific lamprey juveniles/larvae are not numerous or widely distributed. Pacific lamprey distribution in the South Fork of the Clearwater River drainage was confined to lower reaches of Red River and the South Fork Clearwater River.

  5. Local drainage analyses of the Paducah and Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plants during an extreme storm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnson, R.O.; Wang, J.C.; Lee, D.W.

    1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Local drainage analyses have been performed for the Paducah and Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plants during an extreme storm having an approximate 10,000-yr recurrence interval. This review discusses the methods utilized to accomplish the analyses in accordance with US Department of Energy (DOE) design and evaluation guidelines, and summarizes trends, results, generalizations, and uncertainties applicable to other DOE facilities. Results indicate that some culverts may be undersized, and that the storm sewer system cannot drain the influx of precipitation from the base of buildings. Roofs have not been designed to sustain ponding when the primary drainage system is clogged. Some underground tunnels, building entrances, and ground level air intakes may require waterproofing.

  6. Reclaiming earthen drainage channels using organic soil amendments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carpenter, Todd A

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Harris County Flood Control District (HCFCD) manages more than 4800 km of drainage waterways in and around Houston, Texas. It is difficult for the HCFCD to maintain channels due to poor vegetation establishment and accelerated erosion...

  7. An Analysis of Steam Process Heater Condensate Drainage Options

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Risko, J. R.

    for those installations with unsuitable condensate drainage include: ? Condensate being visibly wasted from the heat exchanger discharge side, either from a hose connection at the strainer, or an opened union or drain valve on the steam trap's outlet...

  8. acid drainage assessment: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    1916-01-01 17 PROPOSAL FOR AN INNOVATIVE APPROACH TO PREVENT ACID DRAINAGE FROM URANIUM MILL TAILINGS BASED ON THE APPLICATION OF NA-FERRATE (IRON VI) 1 CiteSeer Summary: Abstract...

  9. acid drainage generation: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Uses 15 PROPOSAL FOR AN INNOVATIVE APPROACH TO PREVENT ACID DRAINAGE FROM URANIUM MILL TAILINGS BASED ON THE APPLICATION OF NA-FERRATE (IRON VI) 1 CiteSeer Summary: Abstract...

  10. acid mine drainage: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Craig 26 PROPOSAL FOR AN INNOVATIVE APPROACH TO PREVENT ACID DRAINAGE FROM URANIUM MILL TAILINGS BASED ON THE APPLICATION OF NA-FERRATE (IRON VI) 1 CiteSeer Summary: Abstract...

  11. acid rock drainage: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    2009-06-02 18 PROPOSAL FOR AN INNOVATIVE APPROACH TO PREVENT ACID DRAINAGE FROM URANIUM MILL TAILINGS BASED ON THE APPLICATION OF NA-FERRATE (IRON VI) 1 CiteSeer Summary: Abstract...

  12. assisted gravity drainage: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Enhanced Oil Recovery through Steam Assisted Gravity Drainage January 22, 2014 Geosciences Websites Summary: are water,...

  13. Panel on Microgrids Systems International Conference on System of Systems Engineering, April 16-18, 2007 San Antonio Abstract--Application of individual distributed generators can

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    are included. Keywords: CHP, UPS, distributed generation, intentional islanding, inverters, microgrid, power vs-18, 2007 San Antonio Abstract--Application of individual distributed generators can cause as many problems as it may solve. A better way to realize the emerging potential of distributed generation is to take

  14. 28 / JOURNAL OF IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE ENGINEERING / JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2000 DESIGN OF MINIMUM SEEPAGE LOSS CANAL SECTIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chahar, B. R.

    . INTRODUCTION Canals continue to be major conveyance systems for deliv- ering water for irrigation28 / JOURNAL OF IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE ENGINEERING / JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2000 DESIGN OF MINIMUM in the alluvial plains of India. But the seepage loss from irrigation canals constitutes a substantial percentage

  15. Method for identifying subsurface fluid migration and drainage pathways in and among oil and gas reservoirs using 3-D and 4-D seismic imaging

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Anderson, R.N.; Boulanger, A.; Bagdonas, E.P.; Xu, L.; He, W.

    1996-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

    The invention utilizes 3-D and 4-D seismic surveys as a means of deriving information useful in petroleum exploration and reservoir management. The methods use both single seismic surveys (3-D) and multiple seismic surveys separated in time (4-D) of a region of interest to determine large scale migration pathways within sedimentary basins, and fine scale drainage structure and oil-water-gas regions within individual petroleum producing reservoirs. Such structure is identified using pattern recognition tools which define the regions of interest. The 4-D seismic data sets may be used for data completion for large scale structure where time intervals between surveys do not allow for dynamic evolution. The 4-D seismic data sets also may be used to find variations over time of small scale structure within individual reservoirs which may be used to identify petroleum drainage pathways, oil-water-gas regions and, hence, attractive drilling targets. After spatial orientation, and amplitude and frequency matching of the multiple seismic data sets, High Amplitude Event (HAE) regions consistent with the presence of petroleum are identified using seismic attribute analysis. High Amplitude Regions are grown and interconnected to establish plumbing networks on the large scale and reservoir structure on the small scale. Small scale variations over time between seismic surveys within individual reservoirs are identified and used to identify drainage patterns and bypassed petroleum to be recovered. The location of such drainage patterns and bypassed petroleum may be used to site wells. 22 figs.

  16. Method for identifying subsurface fluid migration and drainage pathways in and among oil and gas reservoirs using 3-D and 4-D seismic imaging

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Anderson, Roger N. (New York, NY); Boulanger, Albert (New York, NY); Bagdonas, Edward P. (Brookline, MA); Xu, Liqing (New Milford, NJ); He, Wei (New Milford, NJ)

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The invention utilizes 3-D and 4-D seismic surveys as a means of deriving information useful in petroleum exploration and reservoir management. The methods use both single seismic surveys (3-D) and multiple seismic surveys separated in time (4-D) of a region of interest to determine large scale migration pathways within sedimentary basins, and fine scale drainage structure and oil-water-gas regions within individual petroleum producing reservoirs. Such structure is identified using pattern recognition tools which define the regions of interest. The 4-D seismic data sets may be used for data completion for large scale structure where time intervals between surveys do not allow for dynamic evolution. The 4-D seismic data sets also may be used to find variations over time of small scale structure within individual reservoirs which may be used to identify petroleum drainage pathways, oil-water-gas regions and, hence, attractive drilling targets. After spatial orientation, and amplitude and frequency matching of the multiple seismic data sets, High Amplitude Event (HAE) regions consistent with the presence of petroleum are identified using seismic attribute analysis. High Amplitude Regions are grown and interconnected to establish plumbing networks on the large scale and reservoir structure on the small scale. Small scale variations over time between seismic surveys within individual reservoirs are identified and used to identify drainage patterns and bypassed petroleum to be recovered. The location of such drainage patterns and bypassed petroleum may be used to site wells.

  17. Individualized Independent

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dennehy, John

    Policy in Underdeveloped Areas of Latin America) City P SC 310 Internship (Center for Sustainable Energy Policy City P SC 236 Latin American Political Systems City P SC 310 Independent Study (Domestic Energy Politics His Words: I used my CUNY BA experience to prepare me to excel in my Renewable Energy career. CUNY

  18. Individualized Medicine

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mariella, R.

    2000-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

    The recent focus of microelectromechanical-systems (MEMS) based instrumentation has largely dealt with increasing the throughput of established processes, including drug screening/drug discovery/combinatorial chemistry, or the miniaturization of accepted bench-top instruments. The miniaturization and automation of procedures that were previously performed manually are included in these activities. We suggest that BioMEMS instrumentation will adopt an additional direction, that of providing information and capabilities to the physician that are not available, today.

  19. Method and system for normalizing biometric variations to authenticate users from a public database and that ensures individual biometric data privacy

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Strait, Robert S. (Oakland, CA); Pearson, Peter K. (Livermore, CA); Sengupta, Sailes K. (Livermore, CA)

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A password system comprises a set of codewords spaced apart from one another by a Hamming distance (HD) that exceeds twice the variability that can be projected for a series of biometric measurements for a particular individual and that is less than the HD that can be encountered between two individuals. To enroll an individual, a biometric measurement is taken and exclusive-ORed with a random codeword to produce a "reference value." To verify the individual later, a biometric measurement is taken and exclusive-ORed with the reference value to reproduce the original random codeword or its approximation. If the reproduced value is not a codeword, the nearest codeword to it is found, and the bits that were corrected to produce the codeword to it is found, and the bits that were corrected to produce the codeword are also toggled in the biometric measurement taken and the codeword generated during enrollment. The correction scheme can be implemented by any conventional error correction code such as Reed-Muller code R(m,n). In the implementation using a hand geometry device an R(2,5) code has been used in this invention. Such codeword and biometric measurement can then be used to see if the individual is an authorized user. Conventional Diffie-Hellman public key encryption schemes and hashing procedures can then be used to secure the communications lines carrying the biometric information and to secure the database of authorized users.

  20. A meta-analysis of single case research studies on aided augmentative and alternative communication systems with individuals with autism spectrum disorders

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ganz, Jennifer B.; Earles-Vollrath, Theresa L.; Heath, Amy K.; Parker, Richard; Rispoli, Mandy J.; Duran, Jaime

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Running Head: META-ANALYSIS OF AAC 1 A Meta-Analysis of Single Case Research Studies on Aided Augmentative and Alternative Communication Systems with Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders Jennifer B. Ganz Theresa L. Earles... treatment); (e) no dichotomous dependent variables (e.g., yes/no, 0/1) used; (f) data were displayed as line graphs; (g) articles were published in peer-reviewed journals; and (h) articles were in English. Articles had to meet all of these criteria...

  1. Adapting Urban Infrastructure to Climate Change: A Drainage Case Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vogel, Richard M.

    models (GCM) to determine changes in the amount of precipitation for the 20-year, 24-h storm- cipitation magnitude and intensity, associated increases in runoff, storm water discharges, and floodingAdapting Urban Infrastructure to Climate Change: A Drainage Case Study Paul Kirshen, M.ASCE1

  2. Drainage induced convection rolls in foams (revised version)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cox, Simon

    , where soap solution is added to the foam at constant flow rate, the irregular motion in the beer glass results for convection in quasi two-dimensional foams (monolayers of bubbles between two glass platesDrainage induced convection rolls in foams (revised version) S. Hutzler, S.J. Cox*, E. Janiaud

  3. Soil drainage as an active agent of recent soil evolution: a David Montagnea,b

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    1 Soil drainage as an active agent of recent soil evolution: a review* David Montagnea,b , Sophie on pedogenesis mainly focuses on the long-term soil formation and most often neglects recent soil evolution drainage on soil evolution. Artificial drainage is considered as an example of the impact of recent changes

  4. Venous drainage of the penis of the equine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De Barros, Christine Ann Heise

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    (27 times systolic arterial pressure). Arterial blood flows 38 into the CSP resulting on its turgescence and that of the glans. The glans gradually enlarges and assumes a mushroom-like shape just before ejaculation. Ejaculation commences when... not available for a more extensive study for comparison with the findings in the mature stallions. However, the drainage patterns observed in the young stallion was not found in any of the three mature stallions in the study. Fig. 5 ? Corpus cavernosogram...

  5. SOURCE QUANTIFICATION OF INAPPROPRIATE DISCHARGES TO STORM DRAINAGE SYSTEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pitt, Robert E.

    ............................................................. ..................8 2 LITERATURE REVIEW 2.1. Types of Models................................................. ...........................................17 3.2. Library Data...........................................................................................21 3.2.1. Preparation of Library File 3.2.1.1. Preparation of Library File for Tuscaloosa

  6. Drainage capture and discharge variations driven by glaciation in the Southern Alps, New Zealand

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ann V. Rowan; Mitchell A. Plummer; Simon H. Brocklehurst; Merren A. Jones; David M. Schultz

    2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Sediment flux in proglacial fluvial settings is primarily controlled by discharge, which usually varies predictably over a glacial–interglacial cycle. However, glaciers can flow against the topographic gradient to cross drainage divides, reshaping fluvial drainage networks and dramatically altering discharge. In turn, these variations in discharge will be recorded by proglacial stratigraphy. Glacial-drainage capture often occurs in alpine environments where ice caps straddle range divides, and more subtly where shallow drainage divides cross valley floors. We investigate discharge variations resulting from glacial-drainage capture over the past 40 k.y. for the adjacent Ashburton, Rangitata, and Rakaia basins in the Southern Alps, New Zealand. Although glacial-drainage capture has previously been inferred in the range, our numerical glacier model provides the first quantitative demonstration that this process drives larger variations in discharge for a longer duration than those that occur due to climate change alone. During the Last Glacial Maximum, the effective drainage area of the Ashburton catchment increased to 160% of the interglacial value with drainage capture, driving an increase in discharge exceeding that resulting from glacier recession. Glacial-drainage capture is distinct from traditional (base level–driven) drainage capture and is often unrecognized in proglacial deposits, complicating interpretation of the sedimentary record of climate change.

  7. Individual Development Plan

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    To be effective, training decisions made at the organizational and departmental levels must be informed by the needs of the individual. An individual development plan (IDP) is cooperatively...

  8. Transplanting assembly of individual carbon nanotubes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Soohyung

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Handling and assembling individual nanostructures to bigger scale systems such as MEMS have been the biggest challenge. A deterministic assembly of individual carbon nanotubes by transplanting them to MEMS structures is ...

  9. Microsoft Word - CX-DrainageUpgradesMultipleSubsFY13_WEB.docx

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    3, 2012 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Brett Sherer Project Manager - KEP-4 Proposed Action: FY13 Environmental Drainage Upgrades at Bonneville...

  10. Passive drainage and biofiltration of landfill gas: Australian field trial

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dever, S.A. [School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052 (Australia) and GHD Pty. Ltd., 10 Bond Street, Sydney, NSW 2000 (Australia)]. E-mail: stuart_dever@ghd.com.au; Swarbrick, G.E. [School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052 (Australia)]. E-mail: g.swarbrick@unsw.edu.au; Stuetz, R.M. [School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052 (Australia)]. E-mail: r.stuetz@unsw.edu.au

    2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In Australia a significant number of landfill waste disposal sites do not incorporate measures for the collection and treatment of landfill gas. This includes many old/former landfill sites, rural landfill sites, non-putrescible solid waste and inert waste landfill sites, where landfill gas generation is low and it is not commercially viable to extract and beneficially utilize the landfill gas. Previous research has demonstrated that biofiltration has the potential to degrade methane in landfill gas, however, the microbial processes can be affected by many local conditions and factors including moisture content, temperature, nutrient supply, including the availability of oxygen and methane, and the movement of gas (oxygen and methane) to/from the micro-organisms. A field scale trial is being undertaken at a landfill site in Sydney, Australia, to investigate passive drainage and biofiltration of landfill gas as a means of managing landfill gas emissions at low to moderate gas generation landfill sites. The design and construction of the trial is described and the experimental results will provide in-depth knowledge on the application of passive gas drainage and landfill gas biofiltration under Sydney (Australian) conditions, including the performance of recycled materials for the management of landfill gas emissions.

  11. Measure Guideline: Guidance on Taped Insulating Sheathing Drainage Planes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grin, A.; Lstiburek, J.

    2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This guide provides information and recommendations to the following groups: insulation contractors; general contractors; builders; home remodelers; mechanical contractors; and homeowners, as a guide to the work that needs to be done. The order of work completed during home construction and retrofit improvements is important. Health and safety issues must be addressed first and are more important than durability issues. And durability issues are more important than saving energy. Not all techniques can apply to all houses. Special conditions will require special action. Some builders or homeowners will wish to do more than the important but basic retrofit strategies outlined by this guide. The following are best practice and product recommendations from the interviewed contractors and homebuilders who collectively have a vast amount of experience. Three significant items were discussed with the group which are required to make taped insulating sheathing a simple, long term, and durable drainage plane: 1. Horizontal joints should be limited or eliminated wherever possible; 2. Where a horizontal joint exists use superior materials; 3. Frequent installation inspection and regular trade training are required to maintain proper installation. Section 5 of this measure guideline contains the detailed construction procedure for the three recommended methods to effectively seal the joints in exterior insulating sheathing to create a simple, long term, and durable drainage plane.

  12. Enhanced Oil Recovery through Steam Assisted Gravity Drainage January 22, 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cirpka, Olaf Arie

    Enhanced Oil Recovery through Steam Assisted Gravity Drainage January 22, 2014 A Comparative Study Of Continuous And Cyclic Steam Injection With Trapping Of Oil Phase Muhammad Adil Javed Summary of Thesis Enhanced oil recovery (EOR) through steam-assisted gravity drainage (SAGD) has become an important in

  13. SOURCE AND EFFECT OF ACID ROCK DRAINAGE IN THE SNAKE RIVER WATERSHED, SUMMIT COUNTY, COLORADO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SOURCE AND EFFECT OF ACID ROCK DRAINAGE IN THE SNAKE RIVER WATERSHED, SUMMIT COUNTY, COLORADO Belanger, Laura (M.S., Civil, Environmental and Architectural Engineering) Source and Effect of Acid Rock (the weathering of disseminated pyrite) sources of acid rock drainage (ARD). Stream waters

  14. SOURCES AND EFFECTS OF MINING-RELATED AND NATURAL ACID ROCK DRAINAGE QUANTIFIED USING TRACER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ryan, Joe

    SOURCES AND EFFECTS OF MINING-RELATED AND NATURAL ACID ROCK DRAINAGE QUANTIFIED USING TRACER, and Architectural Engineering 2006 #12;ii This thesis entitled: Sources and Effects of Mining-Related and Natural Acid Rock Drainage Quantified Using Tracer Dilution, Coal Creek Watershed, Gunnison County, Colorado

  15. Organizational and Individual Decision Making Organizational and Individual Decision Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sadeh, Norman M.

    Organizational and Individual Decision Making Organizational and Individual Decision Making Citation: Kathleen M. Carley & Dean Behrens, 1999, "Organizational and Individual Decision Making." Ch. 18, Inc. #12;Organizational and Individual Decision Making Organizational and Individual Decision Making

  16. DEVELOPMENT AND OPTIMIZATION OF GAS-ASSISTED GRAVITY DRAINAGE (GAGD) PROCESS FOR IMPROVED LIGHT OIL RECOVERY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dandina N. Rao; Subhash C. Ayirala; Madhav M. Kulkarni; Amit P. Sharma

    2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes the progress of the project ''Development and Optimization of Gas-Assisted Gravity Drainage (GAGD) Process for Improved Light Oil Recovery'' for the duration of the second project year (October 1, 2003--September 30, 2004). There are three main tasks in this research project. Task 1 is scaled physical model study of GAGD process. Task 2 is further development of vanishing interfacial tension (VIT) technique for miscibility determination. Task 3 is determination of multiphase displacement characteristics in reservoir rocks. In Section I, preliminary design of the scaled physical model using the dimensional similarity approach has been presented. Scaled experiments on the current physical model have been designed to investigate the effect of Bond and capillary numbers on GAGD oil recovery. Experimental plan to study the effect of spreading coefficient and reservoir heterogeneity has been presented. Results from the GAGD experiments to study the effect of operating mode, Bond number and capillary number on GAGD oil recovery have been reported. These experiments suggest that the type of the gas does not affect the performance of GAGD in immiscible mode. The cumulative oil recovery has been observed to vary exponentially with Bond and capillary numbers, for the experiments presented in this report. A predictive model using the bundle of capillary tube approach has been developed to predict the performance of free gravity drainage process. In Section II, a mechanistic Parachor model has been proposed for improved prediction of IFT as well as to characterize the mass transfer effects for miscibility development in reservoir crude oil-solvent systems. Sensitivity studies on model results indicate that provision of a single IFT measurement in the proposed model is sufficient for reasonable IFT predictions. An attempt has been made to correlate the exponent (n) in the mechanistic model with normalized solute compositions present in both fluid phases. IFT measurements were carried out in a standard ternary liquid system of benzene, ethanol and water using drop shape analysis and capillary rise techniques. The experimental results indicate strong correlation among the three thermodynamic properties solubility, miscibility and IFT. The miscibility determined from IFT measurements for this ternary liquid system is in good agreement with phase diagram and solubility data, which clearly indicates the sound conceptual basis of VIT technique to determine fluid-fluid miscibility. Model fluid systems have been identified for VIT experimentation at elevated pressures and temperatures. Section III comprises of the experimental study aimed at evaluating the multiphase displacement characteristics of the various gas injection EOR process performances using Berea sandstone cores. During this reporting period, extensive literature review was completed to: (1) study the gravity drainage concepts, (2) identify the various factors influencing gravity stable gas injection processes, (3) identify various multiphase mechanisms and fluid dynamics operative during the GAGD process, and (4) identify important dimensionless groups governing the GAGD process performance. Furthermore, the dimensional analysis of the GAGD process, using Buckingham-Pi theorem to isolate the various dimensionless groups, as well as experimental design based on these dimensionless quantities have been completed in this reporting period. On the experimental front, recommendations from previous WAG and CGI have been used to modify the experimental protocol. This report also includes results from scaled preliminary GAGD displacements as well as the details of the planned GAGD corefloods for the next quarter. The technology transfer activities have mainly consisted of preparing technical papers, progress reports and discussions with industry personnel for possible GAGD field tests.

  17. A parametric study of the effects of coal seam properties on gas drainage efficiency

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Remner, D.J.; Ertekin, T.; Sung, W.; King, G.R.

    1986-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A parametric study is conducted to investigate the effects of reservoir properties on gas drainage efficiency. It is found that when a coal seam is opened to production, the gas desorption and production rates increase to a maximum value and then decline. The magnitude of the early desorption peak was found to be a function of (1) the ability of the micropore matrix to supply gas to the macropore system, and (2) the coal seam's conductivity to water. The desorbing gas was observed to create a localized, high-gas-saturation bank in the area enclosed by the pressure transient. The gas bank provided an internal pressure maintenance to the reservoir, while it decreased the relative permeability to brine. This created a competing effect with respect to water production. Because water removal strongly influences the pressure decline and, consequently, the desorption rate, a unique production mechanism was observed. The study explored the interference effects on gas and water flow in multiple-well systems. It was found that the pressure drawdown caused by the multiple wells enhanced the desorption of gas into the macropore system and caused a positive interference effect on the gas flow rate. The water rate, however, encountered the more conventional negative interference effect.

  18. Agriculture, irrigation, and drainage on the west side of the San Joaquin Valley, California: Unified perspective on hydrogeology, geochemistry and management

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Narasimhan, T.N.; Quinn, N.W.T.

    1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this report is to provide a broad understanding of water-related issues of agriculture and drainage on the west side of the San Joaquin Valley. To this end, an attempt is made to review available literature on land and water resources of the San Joaquin Valley and to generate a process-oriented framework within which the various physical-, chemical-, biological- and economic components of the system and their interactions are placed in mutual perspective.

  19. Ultrasound-Guided Percutaneous Drainage of Neonatal Pyometrocolpos Under Local Anesthesia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Algin, Oktay, E-mail: droktayalgin@gmail.com [Atatuerk Training and Research Hospital, Department of Radiology (Turkey); Erdogan, Cuneyt [Uludag University Medical Faculty, Department of Radiology (Turkey); Kilic, Nizamettin [Uludag University Medical Faculty, Department of Pediatric Surgery (Turkey)

    2011-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Hydrometrocolpos is an uncommon congenital disorder with cystic dilatation of the vagina and uterus that occurs as a result of accumulated secretions from the reproductive tract due to distal genital tract obstruction. Secondary infection may also occur, resulting in pyometrocolpos, a potentially lethal disease. Immediate drainage of the cystic mass in patients determined to have pyometrocolpos is required to prevent or treat uropathy and septicemia until definitive corrective surgery can be performed. We report an unusual cause of obstructive uropathy in three infants: pyometrocolpos due to lower genital tract atresia. Ultrasound-guided percutaneous drainage of the pyometrocolpos resulted in dramatically improved clinical and laboratory findings in these patients. Ultrasound-guided percutaneous drainage under local anesthesia is a simple, minimally invasive, safe, and effective procedure that facilitates later successful corrective surgery and avoids the need for more complex drainage procedures.

  20. Model Calibration, Drainage Volume Calculation and Optimization in Heterogeneous Fractured Reservoirs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kang, Suk Sang 1975-

    2012-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    on a high frequency asymptotic solution of the diffusivity equation and emulates the propagation of a 'pressure front' in the reservoir along gas streamlines. The proposed approach is a generalization of the radius of drainage concept in well test...

  1. Improved Steam Assisted Gravity Drainage (SAGD) Performance with Solvent as Steam Additive

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Weiqiang

    2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Steam Assisted Gravity Drainage (SAGD) is used widely as a thermal recovery technique in Canada to produce a very viscous bitumen formation. The main research objectives of this simulation and experimental study are to investigate oil recovery...

  2. Storm Water Individual Permit.

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    information meeting to discuss the biannual update on the NPDES Storm Water Individual Permit. Wednesday, January 22, 2014 5:30 p.m. Cities of Gold Conference Center 10 Cities of...

  3. Electric Power Market Simulations Using Individuals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kemner, Ken

    in the EMCAS model #12;3 Argonne Staff Act Out the Roles of Individual Agents in a Virtual Electric PowerElectric Power Market Simulations Using Individuals as Agents Guenter Conzelmann Argonne National Generation agents ­ Own and operate virtual power plants ­ Submit power bids to the independent system

  4. Investigation of factors involved in a proposed method of estimating runoff from small drainage areas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Riley, Boyd Tolbert

    1962-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of assumpt1ons inoluded in the proposed method that oould be in- valM, However, these assumptions were inoluded in other solu tions of th1s problem? After a theoretioal basis ?as formulated, the proposed method seemed to be valM? Ths following proosdure... it was learned that only a few gaged drainage areas existed in Texas that were less than twenty square m1los in area+ After being oonf ranted with this situation, it was deoMed to reinvest%fate the Wpp and reoord sash drainage basin that was comparatively...

  5. Individual differences in sentence processing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Troyer, Melissa L

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis aims to elucidate shared mechanisms between retrieval in sentence processing and memory retrieval processes in nonlinguistic domains using an individual differences approach. Prior research in individual ...

  6. Individual Genetic Susceptibility

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eric J. Hall

    2008-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Risk estimates derived from epidemiological studies of exposed populations, as well as the maximum permissible doses allowed for occupational exposure and exposure of the public to ionizing radiation are all based on the assumption that the human population is uniform in its radiosensitivity, except for a small number of individuals, such as ATM homozygotes who are easily identified by their clinical symptoms. The hypothesis upon which this proposal is based is that the human population is not homogeneous in radiosensitiviry, but that radiosensitive sub-groups exist which are not easy to identify. These individuals would suffer an increased incidence of detrimental radiation effects, and distort the shape of the dose response relationship. The radiosensitivity of these groups depend on the expression levels of specific proteins. The plan was to investigate the effect of 3 relatively rare, high penetrate genes available in mice, namely Atm, mRad9 & Brca1. The purpose of radiation protection is to prevent! deterministic effects of clinical significance and limit stochastic effects to acceptable levels. We plan, therefore to compare with wild type animals the radiosensitivity of mice heterozygous for each of the genes mentioned above, as well as double heterozygotes for pairs of genes, using two biological endpoints: a) Ocular cataracts as an important and relevant deterministic effect, and b) Oncogenic transformation in cultured embryo fibroblasts, as a surrogate for carcinogenesis, the most relevant stochastic effect.

  7. Accepted for publication in IEEE Transactions in Power Systems in February 2002. Will appear in a future issue. An Individual Welfare Maximization Algorithm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    [3]. In PJM, spot prices are called Locational Marginal Prices or LMPs. Participants in these markets of the transmission system and inclusion of consumer bidding. The algorithm utilizes price and dispatch sensitivities. These pools take bids from market participants and use spot pricing theory to determine the market prices

  8. Drainage, sediment transport, and denudation rates on the Nanga Parbat Himalaya, Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marston, Richard A.

    Drainage, sediment transport, and denudation rates on the Nanga Parbat Himalaya, Pakistan Kevin: Sediment transport; Pakistan; Mountain denudation 1. Introduction The Nanga Parbat massif is one of the largest topographic features in the western Himalaya of northern Pakistan with its main summit rising

  9. Extended LargeQ Potts Model Simulation of Foam Drainage Yi Jiang and James A. Glazier

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kurien, Susan

    as brewing, lubrication, oil recovery, and fire­ fighting. Characterizing their structure and evolution in an unstable in­ terface or in viscous fingering. Instead, the mean­field theory predicts a flat interface­ illary effects and gravity balance. For pulsed drainage, as liquid drains from the top of the foam

  10. NUMERICAL SIMULATIONS OF LONG TERM UNSATURATED FLOW AND ACID MINE DRAINAGE AT WASTE ROCK PILES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aubertin, Michel

    NUMERICAL SIMULATIONS OF LONG TERM UNSATURATED FLOW AND ACID MINE DRAINAGE AT WASTE ROCK PILES Omar representative) waste rock piles and using observed climatic recharge data. The simulations were used to help are applied each year at the top of the piles, the water content profiles become periodic after a few years

  11. PASSIVE TREATMENT OF ACID MINE DRAINAGE IN BIOREACTORS: SHORT REVIEW, APPLICATIONS,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aubertin, Michel

    PASSIVE TREATMENT OF ACID MINE DRAINAGE IN BIOREACTORS: SHORT REVIEW, APPLICATIONS, AND RESEARCH Sulphate-reducing passive bioreactors have received much attention lately as alternating technologies of metal carbonates and hydroxides occur in passive bioreactors. The more successful designs allow the flow

  12. Simulation of water flow and solute transport in free-drainage lysimeters and field soils with

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flury, Markus

    Simulation of water flow and solute transport in free-drainage lysimeters and field soils for studying the fate and transport of chemicals in soil. Large-scale field lysimeters are used to assess pesticide behaviour and radionuclide transport, and are assumed to represent natural field conditions better

  13. Synchronizing a sea-level jump, final Lake Agassiz drainage, and abrupt cooling 8200 years ago

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Törnqvist, Torbjörn E.

    Synchronizing a sea-level jump, final Lake Agassiz drainage, and abrupt cooling 8200 years ago Yong cooling that can be directly linked to a well-documented freshwater source with a temporal resolution has received extensive interest for a wide range of reasons, including its potential role in a future

  14. The triggering of subglacial lake drainage during rapid glacier drawdown: Crane Glacier, Antarctic Peninsula

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    The triggering of subglacial lake drainage during rapid glacier drawdown: Crane Glacier, Antarctic Glacier, Antarctic Peninsula, shows an unusual temporal pattern of elevation loss: a period of very rapid is not seen. Bathymetry in Crane Glacier fjord reveals a series of flat-lying, formerly subglacial deeps

  15. Drainage of a horizontal Boussinesq aquifer with a power law hydraulic conductivity profile

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Selker, John

    ]. The Boussinesq equation is derived from Darcy's law and the Dupuit-Forchheimer assumption, and by neglecting] Solutions to the Boussinesq equation describing drainage into a fully penetrating channel have been used equation for k / zn , where k is the saturated hydraulic conductivity, z is the height above an impermeable

  16. Enhancing phosphorus removal in constructed wetlands with ochre from mine drainage treatment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heal, Kate

    Enhancing phosphorus removal in constructed wetlands with ochre from mine drainage treatment K in a wastewater constructed wetland (175 m2 area) in Berwickshire, UK. The hydraulic and treatment performance wetlands are widely used for tertiary wastewater treatment but, although effective for nitrogen removal

  17. Sustainable Best Management Practices for Wetland Seasonal Drainage in Response to San Joaquin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quinn, Nigel

    wetland sites ­ treatment drawdown is delayed to coincide with VAMP period (April 15-May 15) HighSustainable Best Management Practices for Wetland Seasonal Drainage in Response to San Joaquin wetlands in the Grasslands Ecological Area within the San Joaquin Basin #12;WATER MANAGEMENT FOR MOIST SOIL

  18. Development and Optimization of Gas-Assisted Gravity Drainage (GAGD) Process for Improved Light Oil Recovery

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dandina N. Rao; Subhash C. Ayirala; Madhav M. Kulkarni; Wagirin Ruiz Paidin; Thaer N. N. Mahmoud; Daryl S. Sequeira; Amit P. Sharma

    2006-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    This is the final report describing the evolution of the project ''Development and Optimization of Gas-Assisted Gravity Drainage (GAGD) Process for Improved Light Oil Recovery'' from its conceptual stage in 2002 to the field implementation of the developed technology in 2006. This comprehensive report includes all the experimental research, models developments, analyses of results, salient conclusions and the technology transfer efforts. As planned in the original proposal, the project has been conducted in three separate and concurrent tasks: Task 1 involved a physical model study of the new GAGD process, Task 2 was aimed at further developing the vanishing interfacial tension (VIT) technique for gas-oil miscibility determination, and Task 3 was directed at determining multiphase gas-oil drainage and displacement characteristics in reservoir rocks at realistic pressures and temperatures. The project started with the task of recruiting well-qualified graduate research assistants. After collecting and reviewing the literature on different aspects of the project such gas injection EOR, gravity drainage, miscibility characterization, and gas-oil displacement characteristics in porous media, research plans were developed for the experimental work to be conducted under each of the three tasks. Based on the literature review and dimensional analysis, preliminary criteria were developed for the design of the partially-scaled physical model. Additionally, the need for a separate transparent model for visual observation and verification of the displacement and drainage behavior under gas-assisted gravity drainage was identified. Various materials and methods (ceramic porous material, Stucco, Portland cement, sintered glass beads) were attempted in order to fabricate a satisfactory visual model. In addition to proving the effectiveness of the GAGD process (through measured oil recoveries in the range of 65 to 87% IOIP), the visual models demonstrated three possible multiphase mechanisms at work, namely, Darcy-type displacement until gas breakthrough, gravity drainage after breakthrough and film-drainage in gas-invaded zones throughout the duration of the process. The partially-scaled physical model was used in a series of experiments to study the effects of wettability, gas-oil miscibility, secondary versus tertiary mode gas injection, and the presence of fractures on GAGD oil recovery. In addition to yielding recoveries of up to 80% IOIP, even in the immiscible gas injection mode, the partially-scaled physical model confirmed the positive influence of fractures and oil-wet characteristics in enhancing oil recoveries over those measured in the homogeneous (unfractured) water-wet models. An interesting observation was that a single logarithmic relationship between the oil recovery and the gravity number was obeyed by the physical model, the high-pressure corefloods and the field data.

  19. Study of the use of truck tire beads as drainage pipe and analysis of the economics of tire disposal in Oklahoma. Part 1. Culverts. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Everett, J.W.; Gattis, J.L.

    1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In an attempt to find alternate ways of dealing with waste truck tires, a private tire recycling company developed a pipe from the tire bead and sidewall. The tire-pipe has seen limited use as a roadway drainage culvert. To encourage wider use of this product, an evaluation of pipe performance was performed. The evaluation consisted of (1) inspections of existing installations; (2) structural tests; and (3) leakage tests. The study found that the majority of installations were performing well. Compared with corrugated steel and fiberglass pipes, the tire-pipe exhibited favorable structural performance. An individual tire-pipe section was found to be watertight. However, when tested in the open-air (not in the ground), the tire-pipe joints were found to leak. Development of an improved end connection would improve the utility of the tire-pipe.

  20. Development of advanced technology of coke oven gas drainage treatment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Higashi, Tadayuki; Yamaguchi, Akikazu; Ikai, Kyozou; Kamiyama, Hisarou; Muto, Hiroshi

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    In April 1994, commercial-scale application of ozone oxidation to ammonia liquor (which is primarily the water condensing from coke oven gas) to reduce its chemical oxygen demand (COD) was started at the Nagoya Works of Nippon Steel Corporation. This paper deals with the results of technical studies on the optimization of process operating conditions and the enlargement of equipment size and the operating purification system.

  1. Sensitive response of the Greenland Ice Sheet to surface melt drainage over soft bed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bougamont, M H; Christoffersen,P.; Hubbard, A. L.; Fitzpatrick, A. A.; Doyle, S. H.; Carter, S. P.

    2014-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

    by detailed energy balance observations. The Cryosphere 6, 199-209, doi:doi:10.5194/tc-6-199-2012 (2012). ... by frictional and geothermal heating accumulates at the 136 bed over the course of winter and is released together with the first SGL drainage 137 events. With either one of these factors included, our model was able to reproduce the 138 2010 spring...

  2. A Hydrometeorological Study Related to the Distribution of Precipitation and Runoff over Small Drainage Basins -- Urban Versus Rural Areas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feddes, R. G.; Clark, R.A.; Runnels, R. C.

    TR-28 1970 A Hydrometeorological Study Related to the Distribution of Precipitation and Runoff over Small Drainage Basins?Urban Versus Rural Areas R.G. Feddes R.A. Clark R.C. Runnels Texas Water...

  3. ALGORITHMIC CLASSIFICATION OF DRAINAGE NETWORKS ON MARS AND ITS RELATION TO MARTIAN GEOLOGICAL UNITS. T. F. Stepinski1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vilalta, Ricardo

    ALGORITHMIC CLASSIFICATION OF DRAINAGE NETWORKS ON MARS AND ITS RELATION TO MARTIAN GEOLOGICAL locations covering 16 major geological units. The classification is quantitative and objective with an existing division into geological units. A morphological interpretation for this emergent classification

  4. Geochemical and isotopic results for groundwater, drainage waters, snowmelt, permafrost, precipitation in Barrow, Alaska (USA) 2012-2013

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Wilson, Cathy; Newman, Brent; Heikoop, Jeff

    Data include a large suite of analytes (geochemical and isotopic) for samples collected in Barrow, Alaska (2012-2013). Sample types are indicated, and include soil pore waters, drainage waters, snowmelt, precipitation, and permafrost samples.

  5. Modeling effects of diffusion and gravity drainage on oil recovery in naturally fractured reservoirs under gas injection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jamili, Ahmad

    2010-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Gas injection in naturally fractured reservoirs maintains the reservoir pressure, and increases oil recovery primarily by gravity drainage and to a lesser extent by mass transfer between the flowing gas in the fracture and the porous matrix...

  6. Photographs on front cover (clockwise, from upper left): (upper left) Visible mercury at contact between alluvium and slate bedrock, Sailor Flat Mine, Greenhorn Creek drainage, Nevada County, California; total length of ruler is

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    at contact between alluvium and slate bedrock, Sailor Flat Mine, Greenhorn Creek drainage, Nevada County

  7. Long-Term Hydrologic Responses To Shrub Removal In A SW Texas Rangeland: Using Soil Chloride To Estimate Deep Drainage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barre, David Anthony

    2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

    LONG-TERM HYDROLOGIC RESPONSES TO SHRUB REMOVAL IN A SW TEXAS RANGELAND: USING SOIL CHLORIDE TO ESTIMATE DEEP DRAINAGE A Thesis by DAVID ANTHONY BARRE Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University... of the study were to identify those biotic and abiotic factors facilitating deep drainage and to examine differences in recharge for the years following clearing of natural shrub vegetation. Soil chloride was examined to estimate long-term recharge rates...

  8. DEVELOPMENT AND OPTIMIZATION OF GAS-ASSISTED GRAVITY DRAINAGE (GAGD) PROCESS FOR IMPROVED LIGHT OIL RECOVERY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dandina N. Rao; Subhash C. Ayirala; Madhav M. Kulkarni; Thaer N.N. Mahmoud; Wagirin Ruiz Paidin

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes the progress of the project ''Development And Optimization of Gas-Assisted Gravity Drainage (GAGD) Process for Improved Light Oil Recovery'' for the duration of the thirteenth project quarter (Oct 1, 2005 to Dec 30, 2005). There are three main tasks in this research project. Task 1 is a scaled physical model study of the GAGD process. Task 2 is further development of a vanishing interfacial tension (VIT) technique for miscibility determination. Task 3 is determination of multiphase displacement characteristics in reservoir rocks. Section I reports experimental work designed to investigate wettability effects of porous medium, on secondary and tertiary mode GAGD performance. The experiments showed a significant improvement of oil recovery in the oil-wet experiments versus the water-wet runs, both in secondary as well as tertiary mode. When comparing experiments conducted in secondary mode to those run in tertiary mode an improvement in oil recovery was also evident. Additionally, this section summarizes progress made with regard to the scaled physical model construction and experimentation. The purpose of building a scaled physical model, which attempts to include various multiphase mechanics and fluid dynamic parameters operational in the field scale, was to incorporate visual verification of the gas front for viscous instabilities, capillary fingering, and stable displacement. Preliminary experimentation suggested that construction of the 2-D model from sintered glass beads was a feasible alternative. During this reporting quarter, several sintered glass mini-models were prepared and some preliminary experiments designed to visualize gas bubble development were completed. In Section II, the gas-oil interfacial tensions measured in decane-CO{sub 2} system at 100 F and live decane consisting of 25 mole% methane, 30 mole% n-butane and 45 mole% n-decane against CO{sub 2} gas at 160 F have been modeled using the Parachor and newly proposed mechanistic Parachor models. In the decane-CO{sub 2} binary system, Parachor model was found to be sufficient for interfacial tension calculations. The predicted miscibility from the Parachor model deviated only by about 2.5% from the measured VIT miscibility. However, in multicomponent live decane-CO{sub 2} system, the performance of the Parachor model was poor, while good match of interfacial tension predictions has been obtained experimentally using the proposed mechanistic Parachor model. The predicted miscibility from the mechanistic Parachor model accurately matched with the measured VIT miscibility in live decane-CO2 system, which indicates the suitability of this model to predict miscibility in complex multicomponent hydrocarbon systems. In the previous reports to the DOE (15323R07, Oct 2004; 15323R08, Jan 2005; 15323R09, Apr 2005; 15323R10, July 2005 and 154323, Oct 2005), the 1-D experimental results from dimensionally scaled GAGD and WAG corefloods were reported for Section III. Additionally, since Section I reports the experimental results from 2-D physical model experiments; this section attempts to extend this 2-D GAGD study to 3-D (4-phase) flow through porous media and evaluate the performance of these processes using reservoir simulation. Section IV includes the technology transfer efforts undertaken during the quarter. This research work resulted in one international paper presentation in Tulsa, OK; one journal publication; three pending abstracts for SCA 2006 Annual Conference and an invitation to present at the Independents Day session at the IOR Symposium 2006.

  9. DEVELOPMENT AND OPTIMIZATION OF GAS-ASSISTED GRAVITY DRAINAGE (GAGD) PROCESS FOR IMPROVED LIGHT OIL RECOVERY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dandina N. Rao

    2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This is the first Annual Technical Progress Report being submitted to the U. S. Department of Energy on the work performed under the Cooperative Agreement DE-FC26-02NT15323. This report follows two other progress reports submitted to U.S. DOE during the first year of the project: The first in April 2003 for the project period from October 1, 2002 to March 31, 2003, and the second in July 2003 for the period April 1, 2003 to June 30, 2003. Although the present Annual Report covers the first year of the project from October 1, 2002 to September 30, 2003, its contents reflect mainly the work performed in the last quarter (July-September, 2003) since the work performed during the first three quarters has been reported in detail in the two earlier reports. The main objective of the project is to develop a new gas-injection enhanced oil recovery process to recover the oil trapped in reservoirs subsequent to primary and/or secondary recovery operations. The project is divided into three main tasks. Task 1 involves the design and development of a scaled physical model. Task 2 consists of further development of the vanishing interfacial tension (VIT) technique for miscibility determination. Task 3 involves the determination of multiphase displacement characteristics in reservoir rocks. Each technical progress report, including this one, reports on the progress made in each of these tasks during the reporting period. Section I covers the scaled physical model study. A survey of literature in related areas has been conducted. Test apparatus has been under construction throughout the reporting period. A bead-pack visual model, liquid injection system, and an image analysis system have been completed and used for preliminary experiments. Experimental runs with decane and paraffin oil have been conducted in the bead pack model. The results indicate the need for modifications in the apparatus, which are currently underway. A bundle of capillary tube model has been considered and formulated aiming to reveal the interplay of the viscous, interfacial and gravity forces and to predict the gravity drainage performance. Scaling criteria for the scaled physical model design have been proposed based on an inspectional analysis. In Section II, equation of state (EOS) calculations were extended to study the effect of different tuning parameters on MMP for two reservoir crude oils of Rainbow Keg River and Terra Nova. This study indicates that tuning of EOS may not always be advisable for miscibility determination. Comparison of IFT measurements for benzene in water, ethanol mixtures with the solubility data from the literature showed that a strong mutual relationship between these two thermodynamic properties exists. These preliminary experiments indicate applicability of the new vanishing interfacial tension (VIT) technique to determine miscibility of ternary liquid systems. The VIT experimental apparatus is under construction with considerations of expanded capacity of using equilibrated fluids and a new provision for low IFT measurement in gas-oil systems. In Section III, recommendations in the previous progress reports have been investigated in this reporting period. WAG coreflood experiments suggest the use of ''Hybrid''-WAG type floods for improved CO{sub 2} utilization factors and recoveries. The effect of saturating the injection water with CO{sub 2} for core-floods has been investigated further in this quarter. Miscible WAG floods using CO{sub 2} saturated brine showed higher recoveries (89.2% ROIP) compared to miscible WAG floods using normal brine (72.5%). Higher tertiary recovery factors (TRF) were also observed for WAG floods using CO{sub 2} saturated brine due to improved mobility ratio and availability of CO{sub 2}. Continued experimentation for evaluation of both, ''Hybrid''-WAG and gravity stable type displacements, in Berea sandstone cores using synthetic as well as real reservoir fluids are planned for the next quarter.

  10. Tile Drainage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leidigh, A.H.; Gee, E.C.

    1916-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    .'B.'DAVIDSO&, &ero Term ex~ires 1921 MAIN STATION COMMITTEE L. J. HART, Cbairman J. S. WILLIAMS W. A. MILLER, JR. GOVERNING BOARD, STATE SUBSTATIONS ?. L. DOWNS, President, Temple... OF HORTICULTURE T. B. REESE, ~hspector H. NESS, M. S.9 fforfrculturrsf in Charge SUBSTATION NO. 1: ~~~~il~~, B~~ county W. S. HOTCHKISS. Hortrculturist E. E. BINFORD, B. S., Superintendent )IVISION OF ANIMAL HUSBANDRY J. C. BURNS, B. S., Anrrnal Husbandman...

  11. Soft-Tissue-Anchored Transcutaneous Port for Long-Term Percutaneous Transhepatic Biliary Drainage

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nyman, Rickard, E-mail: rickard.nyman@akademiska.se; Ekloef, Hampus; Eriksson, Lars-Gunnar [University Hospital, Department of Diagnostic Radiology (Sweden); Karlsson, Britt-Marie; Rasmussen, Ib [University Hospital, Department of Surgery (Sweden); Lundgren, Dan; Thomsen, Peter [Goeteborg University, Biomaterials/Cell Biology (Sweden)

    2005-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose. A transcutaneous port (T-port) has been developed allowing easy exchange of a catheter, which was fixed inside the device, using the Seldinger technique. The objective of the study was to test the T-port in patients who had percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (PTBD). Methods. The T-port, made of titanium, was implanted using local anesthesia in 11 patients (mean age 65 years, range 52-85 years) with biliary duct obstruction (7 malignant and 4 benign strictures). The subcutaneous part of the T-port consisted of a flange with several perforations allowing ingrowth of connective tissue. The T-port allowed catheter sizes of 10 and 12 Fr. Results. All wounds healed uneventfully and were followed by a stable period without signs of pronounced inflammation or infection. It was easy to open the port and to exchange the drainage tube. The patient's quality of life was considerably improved even though several patients had problems with repeated bile leakage due to frequent recurrent obstructions of the tubes. The ports were implanted for a mean time of 9 months (range 2-21 months). Histologic examination in four cases showed that the port was well integrated into the soft tissue. Tilting of the T-port in two cases led to perforation of the skin by the subcutaneous part of the ports, which were removed after 7 and 8 months. Conclusion. The T-port served as an excellent external access to the biliary ducts. The drainage tubes were well fixed within the ports. The quality of life of the patients was considerably improved. Together with improved aesthetic appearance they found it easier to conduct normal daily activities and personal care. However, the problem of recurrent catheter obstruction remained unsolved.

  12. Management of Postoperative Lymphoceles After Lymphadenectomy: Percutaneous Catheter Drainage With and Without Povidone-Iodine Sclerotherapy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alago, William, E-mail: alagow@mskcc.org; Deodhar, Ajita; Michell, Hans; Sofocleous, Constantinos T.; Covey, Anne M.; Solomon, Stephen B.; Getrajdman, George I. [Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Interventional Radiology Service, Department of Radiology (United States)] [Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Interventional Radiology Service, Department of Radiology (United States); Dalbagni, Guido [Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Urology Service, Department of Surgery (United States)] [Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Urology Service, Department of Surgery (United States); Brown, Karen T. [Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Interventional Radiology Service, Department of Radiology (United States)] [Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Interventional Radiology Service, Department of Radiology (United States)

    2013-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    To report our single-center experience in managing symptomatic lymphoceles after lymphadenectomy for genitourinary and gynecologic malignancy and to compare clinical outcomes of percutaneous catheter drainage (PCD) alone versus PCD with transcatheter povidone-iodine sclerotherapy (TPIS). The medical records of patients who presented for percutaneous drainage of pelvic lymphoceles from February 1999 to September 2007 were retrospectively reviewed. Catheters with prolonged outputs >50 cc/day were treated with TPIS. Technical success was defined as the ability to achieve complete resolution of the lymphocele. Clinical success was defined as resolution of the patient's symptoms that prompted the intervention. Sixty-four patients with 70 pelvic lymphoceles were treated. Forty-six patients (71.9 %) had PCD, and 18 patients (28.1 %) had multisession TPIS. The mean initial cavity size was 294.9 cc for those treated with TPIS and 228.2 cc for those treated with PCD alone (range 15-1,600) (p = 0.59). Mean duration of catheter drainage was 19 days (29 days with TPIS, 16 days with PCD, p = 0.001). Mean clinical follow-up was 22.6 months. Technical success was 74.3 % with PCD and 100 % with TPIS. Clinical success was 97 % with PCD and 100 % with TPIS. Postprocedural complications included pericatheter fluid leakage (n = 4), catheter dislodgement (n = 3), catheter occlusion (n = 9), and secondary infection of the collection (n = 4). PCD of symptomatic lymphoceles is an effective postoperative management technique. Initial cavity size is not an accurate predictor of the need for TPIS. When indicated, TPIS is safe and effective with catheter outputs >50 cc/day.

  13. Paravertebral Block: An Improved Method of Pain Control in Percutaneous Transhepatic Biliary Drainage

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Culp, William C., E-mail: culpwilliamc@uams.edu; McCowan, Timothy C. [University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Department of Radiology (United States); DeValdenebro, Miguel [University of Texas Medical Branch, Department of Anesthesiology (United States); Wright, Lonnie B.; Workman, James L. [University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Department of Radiology (United States); Culp, William C. [Scott and White Clinic and Memorial Hospital, The Texas A and M University System Health Science Center College of Medicine, Department of Anesthesiology (United States)

    2006-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Background and Purpose. Percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage remains a painful procedure in many cases despite the routine use of large amounts of intravenous sedation. We present a feasibility study of thoracic paravertebral blocks in an effort to reduce pain during and following the procedure and reduce requirements for intravenous sedation. Methods. Ten consecutive patients undergoing biliary drainage procedures received fluoroscopically guided paravertebral blocks and then had supplemental intravenous sedation as required to maintain patient comfort. Levels T8-T9 and T9-T10 on the right were targeted with 10-20 ml of 0.5% bupivacaine. Sedation requirements and pain levels were recorded. Results. Ten biliary drainage procedures in 8 patients were performed for malignancy in 8 cases and for stones in 2. The mean midazolam use was 1.13 mg IV, and the mean fentanyl requirement was 60.0 {mu}g IV in the block patients. Two episodes of hypotension, which responded promptly to volume replacement, may have been related to the block. No serious complications were encountered. The mean pain score when traversing the chest wall, liver capsule, and upon entering the bile ducts was 0.1 on a scale of 0 to 10, with 1 patient reporting a pain level of 1 and 9 reporting 0. The mean peak pain score, encountered when manipulating at the common bile duct level or when addressing stones there, was 5.4 and ranged from 0 to 10. Conclusions. Thoracic paravertebral block with intravenous sedation supplementation appears to be a feasible method of pain control during biliary interventions.

  14. EA-1988: NFSC (Northwest Fisheries Science Center) Earthen Drainage Channel, Burley Creek Hatchery, Port Orchard, Washington

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), with DOE’s Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) as a cooperating agency, prepared an EA that assesses the potential environmental impacts of a NOAA Northwest Fisheries Science Center proposal to construct an earthen drainage channel at its Burley Creek Hatchery in Kitsap County, Washington. The project would facilitate increased discharge of treated effluent from the hatchery facility into the adjacent Burley Creek. BPA’s proposal is to fund the project. The project website is http://efw.bpa.gov/environmental_services/Document_Library/Burley_Creek/.

  15. Essays on individuals and organizations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mollick, Ethan, 1975-

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation focuses on the dynamics of innovative industries; specifically how individual choices and actions impact the performance, founding, and death of firms. While most research examining these outcomes focuses ...

  16. Building America Case Study: Measure Guideline: Guidance on Taped Insulating Sheathing Drainage Planes (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This guide provides information and recommendations to the following groups: Insulation contractors, General contractors, Builders, Home remodelers, Mechanical contractors, and Homeowners as a guide to the work that needs to be done. The order of work completed during home construction and retrofit improvements is important. Health and safety issues must be addressed first and are more important than durability issues. And durability issues are more important than saving energy. Not all techniques can apply to all houses. Special conditions will require special action. Some builders or homeowners will wish to do more than the important but basic retrofit strategies outlined by this guide. The following are best practice and product recommendations from the interviewed contractors and home builders who collectively have a vast amount of experience. Three significant items were discussed with the group which are required to make taped insulating sheathing a simple, long term, and durable drainage plane: 4. Horizontal joints should be limited or eliminated wherever possible 5. Where a horizontal joint exists use superior materials 6. Frequent installation inspection and regular trade training are required to maintain proper installation Section 5 of this measure guideline contains the detailed construction procedure for the three recommended methods to effectively seal the joints in exterior insulating sheathing to create a simple, long term, and durable drainage plane.

  17. Routine Urine Culture at the Time of Percutaneous Urinary Drainage: Does Every Patient Need One?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brody, L.A., E-mail: brodyl@mskcc.org; Brown, K.T.; Covey, A.M. [Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Department of Radiology, Section of Interventional Radiology and Image Guided Therapy (United States); Brown, A.E. [Service of Infectious Disease, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Department of Medicine (United States); Getrajdman, G.I. [Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Department of Radiology, Section of Interventional Radiology and Image Guided Therapy (United States)

    2006-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose. To determine the clinical variables associated with bacteriuria in patients undergoing primary percutaneous antegrade urinary drainage procedures in order to predict the utility of routinely obtaining urine cultures at the time of the procedure. Methods. Between October 1995 and March 1998 urine cultures were prospectively obtained in all patients undergoing a primary percutaneous antegrade urinary drainage procedure. One hundred and eighty-seven patients underwent 264 procedures. Results were available in 252 cases. Culture results were correlated with clinical, laboratory, and demographic variables. Anaerobic cultures were not uniformly performed. Results. Urine cultures were positive in 24 of 252 (9.5%) cases. An indwelling or recently removed ipsilateral device (catheter or stent) and a history of previous cystectomy with urinary diversion were significant predictors of a positive culture. Patients without either of these predictors, and without clinical or laboratory evidence of infection, were rarely found to have positive cultures. Conclusion. The likelihood of a positive urine culture can be predicted on the basis of the aforementioned clinical variables. In the absence of these clinical indicators routine urine cultures are neither useful nor cost-effective.

  18. Evaluation of sewer leakage into the stormwater drainage system in Singapore

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diagne, Ndeye Awa

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Singapore's Public Utilities Board (PUB) aspires to bring Singaporeans closer to their water bodies through recreational activities so that they may cherish them and be more conscious of water scarcity. However, there have ...

  19. Water sensors with cellular system eliminate tail water drainage in alfalfa irrigation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saha, Rajat; Raghuwanshi, Narendra S; Upadhyaya, Shrinivasa K; Wallender, Wesley W.; Slaughter, David C

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2003. Improving irrigation water management of alfalfa. In:number, sensor number and water arrival time. Wire meshplate Terminals Fig. 1. The water-arrival, or wetting-front,

  20. 2. INVESTIGATION OF CO2 GRAVITY DRAINAGE AFTER WATER INJECTION IN FRACTURED SYSTEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schechter, David S.

    on whole diameter Berea cores and Spraberry cores under the conditions of reservoir temperature fractured cores, five experiments had been performed on Berea and Spraberry reservoir cores. The properties investigations was designed to model the actual field experience of waterflooding followed by CO2 injection

  1. Genetic classification of petroleum systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Demaison, G. (Stanford Univ., CA (United States)); Huizinga, B.J. (Chevron Overseas Petroleum Inc., San Ramon, CA (United States))

    1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The authors classification so petroleum systems is founded on a simple working nomenclature that consists of combining qualifiers from each of the following three categories: (1) charge factor, (2) migration drainage style, and (3) entrapment style. The charge factor is estimated on the basis of the richness and volumetrics of mature source rocks. The source potential index (SPI), which combines source-rock richness and thickness into a single parameter, is a convenient shortcut for comparing the petroleum potential of diverse source rocks containing dissimilar kerogen types and for rapidly estimating regional charging capacity. The migration drainage style is determined from the structural and stratigraphic framework of a basin. Vertical-migration drainage, which occurs mainly through faults and fracture systems breaching a seal, is characteristic of petroleum systems contained within rift basins, deltaic sequences, salt-dome provinces, wrench basins, and fold-and-thrust belts. In contrast, lateral-migration drainage sequences, salt-dome provinces, wrench basins, and fold-and-thrust belts. In contrast, lateral-migration drainage is dominant wherever stratigraphically continuous seal-reservoir doublets extend over a very large area in tectonically stable province. The entrapment style, which is also dependent on the structural framework and the presence and effectiveness of seals, describes the degree of resistance working against dispersion of the petroleum charge. Application of these working concepts should help to significantly reduce geologic risk, particularly in news ventures-type exploration.

  2. Adding sodium hydroxide to study metal removal in a stream affected by acid mine drainage. Forest Service research paper

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Amacher, M.C.; Brown, R.W.; Kotubi-Amacher, J.; Willis, A.

    1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Fisher Creek, a stream affected by acid mine drainage in the Beartooth Mountains of Montana, was studied to determine the extent to which copper and zinc would be removed from stream water when pH was increased by a pulse of sodium hydroxide. As stream pH increased, copper and zinc were rapidly and completely removed from stream water by adsorption or coprecipitation with freshly precipitated hydrous ferric oxide. In practice, the best way of increasing the pH of streams impacted by acid mine drainage would be to increase the alkalinity of tributaries by lining their channels with limestone rock.

  3. Information technology and innovative drainage management practices for selenium load reduction from irrigated agriculture to provide stakeholder assurances and meet contaminant mass loading policy objectives

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Quinn, N.W.T.

    2009-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Many perceive the implementation of environmental regulatory policy, especially concerning non-point source pollution from irrigated agriculture, as being less efficient in the United States than in many other countries. This is partly a result of the stakeholder involvement process but is also a reflection of the inability to make effective use of Environmental Decision Support Systems (EDSS) to facilitate technical information exchange with stakeholders and to provide a forum for innovative ideas for controlling non-point source pollutant loading. This paper describes one of the success stories where a standardized Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) methodology was modified to better suit regulation of a trace element in agricultural subsurface drainage and information technology was developed to help guide stakeholders, provide assurances to the public and encourage innovation while improving compliance with State water quality objectives. The geographic focus of the paper is the western San Joaquin Valley where, in 1985, evapoconcentration of selenium in agricultural subsurface drainage water, diverted into large ponds within a federal wildlife refuge, caused teratogenecity in waterfowl embryos and in other sensitive wildlife species. The fallout from this environmental disaster was a concerted attempt by State and Federal water agencies to regulate non-point source loads of the trace element selenium. The complexity of selenium hydrogeochemistry, the difficulty and expense of selenium concentration monitoring and political discord between agricultural and environmental interests created challenges to the regulation process. Innovative policy and institutional constructs, supported by environmental monitoring and the web-based data management and dissemination systems, provided essential decision support, created opportunities for adaptive management and ultimately contributed to project success. The paper provides a retrospective on the contentious planning process and offers suggestions as to how the technical and institutional issues could have been resolved faster through early adoption of some of the core principles of sound EDSS design.

  4. Systems and methods for producing hydrocarbons from tar sands formations

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Li, Ruijian (Katy, TX); Karanikas, John Michael (Houston, TX)

    2009-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

    A system for treating a tar sands formation is disclosed. A plurality of heaters are located in the formation. The heaters include at least partially horizontal heating sections at least partially in a hydrocarbon layer of the formation. The heating sections are at least partially arranged in a pattern in the hydrocarbon layer. The heaters are configured to provide heat to the hydrocarbon layer. The provided heat creates a plurality of drainage paths for mobilized fluids. At least two of the drainage paths converge. A production well is located to collect and produce mobilized fluids from at least one of the converged drainage paths in the hydrocarbon layer.

  5. Adaptive Treatment Strategies Getting SMART About Developing Individualized

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murphy, Susan A.

    Other names are dynamic treatment regimes, treatment algorithms, stepped care models, expert systems: prevent relapse to alcohol abuse · Critical treatment decisions: which treatment to provide first?; which1 Adaptive Treatment Strategies Getting SMART About Developing Individualized Sequences of Adaptive

  6. Gas-assisted gravity drainage (GAGD) process for improved oil recovery

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Rao, Dandina N. (Baton Rouge, LA)

    2012-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

    A rapid and inexpensive process for increasing the amount of hydrocarbons (e.g., oil) produced and the rate of production from subterranean hydrocarbon-bearing reservoirs by displacing oil downwards within the oil reservoir and into an oil recovery apparatus is disclosed. The process is referred to as "gas-assisted gravity drainage" and comprises the steps of placing one or more horizontal producer wells near the bottom of a payzone (i.e., rock in which oil and gas are found in exploitable quantities) of a subterranean hydrocarbon-bearing reservoir and injecting a fluid displacer (e.g., CO.sub.2) through one or more vertical wells or horizontal wells. Pre-existing vertical wells may be used to inject the fluid displacer into the reservoir. As the fluid displacer is injected into the top portion of the reservoir, it forms a gas zone, which displaces oil and water downward towards the horizontal producer well(s).

  7. Onset of deep drainage and salt mobilization following forest clearing and cultivation in the Chaco plains (Argentina)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nacional de San Luis, Universidad

    plains (Argentina) M. L. Amdan,1 R. Aragon,2,3 E. G. Jobbagy,3 J. N. Volante,4 and J. M. Paruelo1-fed agriculture and pasture, with different age of clearance (>30 years, 20 and 3 years) in Salta, Argentina, we drainage and salt mobilization following forest clearing and cultivation in the Chaco plains (Argentina

  8. THE INFLUENCE OF MAJOR DAMS ON HYDROLOGY THROUGH THE DRAINAGE NETWORK OF THE SACRAMENTO RIVER BASIN, CALIFORNIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singer, Michael

    THE INFLUENCE OF MAJOR DAMS ON HYDROLOGY THROUGH THE DRAINAGE NETWORK OF THE SACRAMENTO RIVER BASIN downstream of major dams and confluences in the Sacramento River basin in California, USA. Streamflow data from 10 gauging stations downstream of major dams were divided into hydrologic series corresponding

  9. Chemical Characterization of Individual Particles and Residuals...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Individual Particles and Residuals of Cloud Droplets and Ice Crystals Collected On Board Research Chemical Characterization of Individual Particles and Residuals of Cloud Droplets...

  10. Personalizable Groupware: Accomodating Individual Roles and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenberg, Saul

    Personalizable Groupware: Accomodating Individual Roles and Group Differences Saul Greenberg 1991 Cite as: Greenberg, S. (1991) "Personalizable groupware: Accomodating individual roles and group

  11. Evaluation of management options for disposal of salt and trace element laden agricultural drainage water from the Fallon Indian Reservation, Fallon, Nevada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tokunaga, Tetsu; Benson, S.

    1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This is the final report describing work performed on the Fallon Indian Reservation by the Earth Sciences Division at Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory during FY90. These investigations were initiated at the request of the United States Bureau of Reclamation in response to recent concerns regarding disposal of agriculture drainage water from the Reservation. The Reservation is transected by numerous irrigation and drainage canals, including the TJ Drain. Recent investigations by the US Fish and Wildlife Service have demonstrated that water in the TJ Drain is toxic to several aquatic indicator organisms, including bluegills, fathead minnows and daphnids. This information, coupled with recent die-offs of fish and birds, has lead to concern about continued discharge of TJ Drain water into local surface waters. In late 1990, plans for closing the TJ Drain and providing for alternative drainage were initiated. We aim to provide information for assessing options fro disposal of agricultural drainage water from the Reservation. In particular, our studies focuses on irrigation and drainage of lands currently serviced by the TJ Drain. Options for continued irrigation and drainage of the Reservation fall broadly into two categories: options that provide an alternative to drain water disposal into the SWMA; and options that include continuing the current practice of drain water disposal into the SWMA. Other options include elements of both of these alternatives. Additional discussion of specific options will follow a brief summary of the technical work supporting our assessment of drainage related issues at the Reservation. 67 refs., 57 figs., 15 tabs.

  12. Identifying Suitable Degradation Parameters for Individual-Based Prognostics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Coble, Jamie B.; Hines, Wes

    2012-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The ultimate goal of most prognostic systems is accurate prediction of the remaining useful life of individual systems or components based on their use and performance. Traditionally, individual-based prognostic methods use a measure of degradation to make lifetime estimates. Degradation measures may include sensed measurements, such as temperature or vibration level, or inferred measurements, such as model residuals or physics-based model predictions. Often, it is beneficial to combine several measures of degradation into a single parameter. Parameter features such as trendability, monotonicity, and prognosability can be used to compare candidate prognostic parameters to determine which is most useful for individual-based prognosis. By quantifying these features for a given parameter, the metrics can be used with any traditional optimization technique to identify an appropriate parameter. This parameter may be used with a parametric extrapolation model to make prognostic estimates for an individual unit. The proposed methods are illustrated with an application to simulated turbofan engine data.

  13. Individually addressable cathodes with integrated focusing stack or detectors

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Thomas, Clarence E.; Baylor, Larry R.; Voelkl, Edgar; Simpson, Michael L.; Paulus, Michael J.; Lowndes, Douglas; Whealton, John; Whitson, John C.; Wilgen, John B.

    2005-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Systems and method are described for addressable field emission array (AFEA) chips. A plurality of individually addressable cathodes are integrated with an electrostatic focusing stack and/or a plurality of detectors on the addressable field emission array. The systems and methods provide advantages including the avoidance of space-charge blow-up.

  14. Crossover from capillary fingering to compact invasion for two-phase drainage with stable viscosity ratios

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ferer, M.V.; Bromhal, G.S.; Smith, D.H

    2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Motivated by a wide range of applications from enhanced oil recovery to carbon dioxide sequestration, we have developed a two-dimensional, pore-level model of immiscible drainage, incorporating viscous, capillary, and gravitational effects. This model has been validated quantitatively, in the very different limits of zero viscosity ratio and zero capillary number; flow patterns from modeling agree well with experiment. For a range of stable viscosity ratios (?injected/?displaced 1), we have increased the capillary number, Nc, and studied the way in which the flows deviate from capillary fingering (the fractal flow of invasion percolation) and become compact for realistic capillary numbers. Results exhibiting this crossover from capillary fingering to compact invasion are presented for the average position of the injected fluid, the fluid–fluid interface, the saturation and fractional flow profiles, and the relative permeabilities. The agreement between our results and earlier theoretical predictions [Blunt M, King MJ, Scher H. Simulation and theory of two-phase flow in porous media. Phys Rev A 1992;46:7680–99; Lenormand R. Flow through porous media: limits of fractal patterns. Proc Roy Soc A 1989;423:159–68; Wilkinson D. Percolation effects in immiscible displacement. Phys Rev A 1986;34:1380–90; Xu B, Yortsos YC, Salin D. Invasion Percolation with viscous forces. Phys Rev E 1998;57:739–51] supports the validity of these general theoretical arguments, which were independent of the details of the porous media in both two and three dimensions.

  15. Advanced Reservoir Characterization and Evaluation of C02 Gravity Drainage in the Naturally Fractured Sprayberry Trend Area

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    David S. Schechter

    1998-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective is to assess the economic feasibility of CO2 flooding of the naturally fractured Straberry Trend Area in west Texas. Research is being conducted in the extensive characterization of the reservoirs, the experimental studies of crude oil/brine/rock (COBR) interaction in the reservoirs, the analytical and numerical simulation of Spraberry reservoirs, and the experimental investigations on CO2 gravity drainage in Spraberry whole cores.

  16. Combustion Assisted Gravity Drainage (CAGD): An In-Situ Combustion Method to Recover Heavy Oil and Bitumen from Geologic Formations using a Horizontal Injector/Producer Pair

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rahnema, Hamid

    2012-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Combustion assisted gravity drainage (CAGD) is an integrated horizontal well air injection process for recovery and upgrading of heavy oil and bitumen from tar sands. Short-distance air injection and direct mobilized oil production are the main...

  17. Phylogeography of Rhinichthys cataractae (Teleostei: Cyprinidae): pre-glacial colonization across the Great Continental Divide and Pleistocene diversification within the Rio Grande drainage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Dae Min

    2013-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

    The longnose dace, Rhinichthys cataractae, is a primary freshwater fish inhibiting riffle habitats in small headwater rivers and streams across the North American continent, including drainages east and west of the Continental Divide. Phylogenetic...

  18. www.planetearth.nerc.ac.uk Autumn 2014 Trout in hot water Biodiversity and big data Bioenergy's carbon footprint Sustainable drainage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brierley, Andrew

    's carbon footprint · Sustainable drainage Intothe #12;Front cover image courtesy Ben Langford About us NERC to account ­ bioenergy's carbon footprint What's the true cost of growing our fuel? 22 The science

  19. Sudden drawdown and drainage of a horizontal aquifer J.-Y. Parlange,1 F. Stagnitti,2 A. Heilig,1 J. Szilagyi,3 M. B. Parlange,4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter, M.Todd

    . Szilagyi,3 M. B. Parlange,4 T. S. Steenhuis,1 W. L. Hogarth,5 D. A. Barry,6 and L. Li6 Abstract. Drainage [Brutsaert and Lopez, 1998; Szilagyi and Parlange, 1998; Szilagyi et al., 1998]. The method is fundamentally

  20. Evaluate Status of Pacific Lamprey in the Clearwater River and Salmon River Drainages, Idaho, 2009 Technical Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cochnauer, Tim; Claire, Christopher [Idaho Department of Fish and Game

    2009-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Pacific lamprey Lampetra tridentata have received little attention in fishery science until recently, even though abundance has declined significantly along with other anadromous fish species in Idaho. Pacific lamprey in Idaho have to navigate over eight lower Snake River and Columbia River hydroelectric facilities for migration downstream as juveniles to the Pacific Ocean and again as adults migrating upstream to their freshwater spawning grounds in Idaho. The number of adult Pacific lamprey annually entering the Snake River basin at Ice Harbor Dam has declined from an average of over 18,000 during 1962-1969 to fewer than 600 during 1998-2006. Based on potential accessible streams and adult escapement over Lower Granite Dam on the lower Snake River, we estimate that no more than 200 Pacific lamprey adult spawners annually utilize the Clearwater River drainage in Idaho for spawning. We utilized electrofishing in 2000-2006 to capture, enumerate, and obtain biological information regarding rearing Pacific lamprey ammocoetes and macropthalmia to determine the distribution and status of the species in the Clearwater River drainage, Idaho. Present distribution in the Clearwater River drainage is limited to the lower sections of the Lochsa and Selway rivers, the Middle Fork Clearwater River, the mainstem Clearwater River, the South Fork Clearwater River, and the lower 7.5 km of the Red River. In 2006, younger age classes were absent from the Red River.

  1. Preconceptual ABC design definition and system configuration layout

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barthold, W. [Barthold & Associates, Inc., Knoxville, TN (United States)

    1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document is the conceptual design document for the follow-on to the Molten Salt Breeder Reactor, known as the ABC type reactor. It addresses blanket design options, containment options, off-gas systems, drainage systems, and components/layouts of the primary, secondary, and tertiary systems, and it contains a number of diagrams for the configuration of the major systems.

  2. UNCORRECTED 2 Coordination in irrigation systems: An analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tesfatsion, Leigh

    UNCORRECTED PROOF 1 2 Coordination in irrigation systems: An analysis 3 of the Lansing­Kremer model;UNCORRECTED PROOF 25 argued that a central control was inevitable for larger irrigation systems and hypoth- 26, there are various examples of complex irrigation systems and drainage systems 28 that have evolved without central

  3. 7 Aijakko Mitiq: individual drum song

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leonard, Stephen Pax

    last updated on Monday, 4 April 2011 Accession Form for Individual Recordings: Collection / Collector Name Stephen Leonard Tape No. / Track / Item No. 7 Length of track 2 minutes Title of track Aijakko Mitiq: individual drum song Translation...

  4. 3 Aijakko Mitiq: individual drum song

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leonard, Stephen Pax

    last updated on Monday, 4 April 2011 Accession Form for Individual Recordings: Collection / Collector Name Stephen Leonard Tape No. / Track / Item No. 3 Length of track 1 minute Title of track Aijakko Mitiq: individual drum song Translation...

  5. 4 Aijakko Mitiq: individual drum song

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leonard, Stephen Pax

    last updated on Monday, 4 April 2011 Accession Form for Individual Recordings: Collection / Collector Name Stephen Leonard Tape No. / Track / Item No. 4 Length of track 2 minutes Title of track Aijakko Mitiq: individual drum song Translation...

  6. 8 Aijakko Mitiq: individual drum song

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leonard, Stephen Pax

    last updated on Monday, 4 April 2011 Accession Form for Individual Recordings: Collection / Collector Name Stephen Leonard Tape No. / Track / Item No. 8 Length of track 2 minutes Title of track Aijakko Mitiq: individual drum song Translation...

  7. 6 Aijakko Mitiq: individual drum song

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leonard, Stephen Pax

    last updated on Monday, 4 April 2011 Accession Form for Individual Recordings: Collection / Collector Name Stephen Leonard Tape No. / Track / Item No. 6 Length of track 2 minutes Title of track Aijakko Mitiq: individual drum song Translation...

  8. 3 Aijakko Mitiq: individual drum song

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leonard, Stephen Pax

    last updated on Monday, 4 April 2011 Accession Form for Individual Recordings: Collection / Collector Name Stephen Leonard Tape No. / Track / Item No. 3 Length of track 1 minutes Title of track Aijakko Mitiq: individual drum song Translation...

  9. 5 Aijakko Mitiq: individual drum song

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leonard, Stephen Pax

    last updated on Monday, 4 April 2011 Accession Form for Individual Recordings: Collection / Collector Name Stephen Leonard Tape No. / Track / Item No. 5 Length of track 1 minute Title of track Aijakko Mitiq: individual drum song Translation...

  10. Essays on aggregate and individual consumption fluctuations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hwang, Youngjin

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis consists of three essays on aggregate and individual consumption fluctuations. Chapter 1 develops a quantitative model to explore aggregate and individual consumption dynamics when the income process exhibits ...

  11. Individual variation in cooperative behaviour in meerkats

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    English, Sinéad

    2010-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Individual variation in cooperation is a striking yet poorly understood feature of many animal societies, particularly in cooperative breeders where individuals assist in the care of young that are not their own. While previous research...

  12. Case history of pressure maintenance by gas injection in the 26R gravity drainage reservoir

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wei, M.H.; Yu, J.P.; Moore, D.M.; Ezekwe, N. (Bechtel Petroleum Operations, Inc., Tupman, CA (United States)); Querin, M.E. (USDOE Naval Petroleum Reserves in California, Tupman, CA (United States)); Williams, L.L. (Chevron U.S.A., Inc., San Francisco, CA (United States))

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper is a field case history on the performance of the 26R Reservoir. This is a gravity drainage reservoir under pressure maintenance by crestal gas injection. The 26R Reservoir is a highly layered Stevens turbidite sandstone. The reservoir is located in the Naval Petroleum Reserve No. 1 (NPR{number sign}1) in Elk Hills, Kern County, California. The 26R Reservoir is contained within the steeply dipping southwestern limb of the 31S Anticline. The reservoir had an initial oil column of 1800 feet. Original oil-in-place (OOIP) was estimated at 424 million barrels. Pressure maintenance by crestal gas injection was initiated immediately after production began in October 1976. The total volume of gas injected is about 586 BCF. This exceeds one reservoir pore volume. Reservoir pressure has declined from 3030 psi to 2461 psi. This pressure decline believe to be due to migration of injected gas into the overlaying shale reservoirs. Under the gas injection pressure maintenance strategy, reserves are estimated to be approximately 212 million barrels. Reservoir studies have concluded that the aquifer at the base of the reservoir has been relatively inactive. Well recompletions, deepenings, and horizontal wells are used to improve oil recovery. An aggressive program of controlling gas production began in the mid 1980's by the installation of multiple packers and sleeves. As the gas-oil contact (GOC) has dropped, sand intervals have subsequently been isolated behind packers. A cased hole logging program was recently undertaken to identify possible remaining reserves in the gas cap. 15 refs., 24 figs., 2 tabs.

  13. Case history of pressure maintenance by gas injection in the 26R gravity drainage reservoir

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wei, M.H.; Yu, J.P.; Moore, D.M.; Ezekwe, N. [Bechtel Petroleum Operations, Inc., Tupman, CA (United States); Querin, M.E. [USDOE Naval Petroleum Reserves in California, Tupman, CA (United States); Williams, L.L. [Chevron U.S.A., Inc., San Francisco, CA (United States)

    1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper is a field case history on the performance of the 26R Reservoir. This is a gravity drainage reservoir under pressure maintenance by crestal gas injection. The 26R Reservoir is a highly layered Stevens turbidite sandstone. The reservoir is located in the Naval Petroleum Reserve No. 1 (NPR{number_sign}1) in Elk Hills, Kern County, California. The 26R Reservoir is contained within the steeply dipping southwestern limb of the 31S Anticline. The reservoir had an initial oil column of 1800 feet. Original oil-in-place (OOIP) was estimated at 424 million barrels. Pressure maintenance by crestal gas injection was initiated immediately after production began in October 1976. The total volume of gas injected is about 586 BCF. This exceeds one reservoir pore volume. Reservoir pressure has declined from 3030 psi to 2461 psi. This pressure decline believe to be due to migration of injected gas into the overlaying shale reservoirs. Under the gas injection pressure maintenance strategy, reserves are estimated to be approximately 212 million barrels. Reservoir studies have concluded that the aquifer at the base of the reservoir has been relatively inactive. Well recompletions, deepenings, and horizontal wells are used to improve oil recovery. An aggressive program of controlling gas production began in the mid 1980`s by the installation of multiple packers and sleeves. As the gas-oil contact (GOC) has dropped, sand intervals have subsequently been isolated behind packers. A cased hole logging program was recently undertaken to identify possible remaining reserves in the gas cap. 15 refs., 24 figs., 2 tabs.

  14. Recovery of the lost individual: a Deweyan examination of individuality and community 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pope, Nakia S

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In 1929 - 1930, John Dewey wrote a series of essays which became the work "Individualism Old and New.'' In this work, he describes a type of individual which he terms "lost.'' The lost individual is disconnected, disoriented, and disassociated...

  15. Nembhard (2002) 1 Individual Observation Process Monitoring Charts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nembhard, Harriet Black

    observations. The Shewhart chart has been well-discussed in the literature and introductory texts on SPC (seeNembhard (2002) 1 Individual Observation Process Monitoring Charts for Systems with Response Lags Engineering April 2002 Abstract Previously, it has been held that statistical process control (SPC

  16. Percutaneous Transhepatic Biliary Drainage in the Management of Postsurgical Biliary Leaks in Patients with Nondilated Intrahepatic Bile Ducts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cozzi, Guido, E-mail: guido.cozzi@istitutotumori.mi.it; Severini, Aldo; Civelli, Enrico; Milella, Marco [National Cancer Institute (Istituto Nazionale Tumori), Department of Radiology, Radiologia 3 Unit (Italy); Pulvirenti, Andrea [National Cancer Institute (Istituto Nazionale Tumori), Department of Surgery, Gastrointestinal Surgery and Liver Transplantation Unit (Italy); Salvetti, Monica [National Cancer Institute (Istituto Nazionale Tumori), Department of Radiology, Radiologia 3 Unit (Italy); Romito, Raffaele [National Cancer Institute (Istituto Nazionale Tumori), Department of Surgery, Gastrointestinal Surgery and Liver Transplantation Unit (Italy); Suman, Laura; Chiaraviglio, Francesca [National Cancer Institute (Istituto Nazionale Tumori), Department of Radiology, Radiologia 3 Unit (Italy); Mazzaferro, Vincenzo [National Cancer Institute (Istituto Nazionale Tumori), Department of Surgery, Gastrointestinal Surgery and Liver Transplantation Unit (Italy)

    2006-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose. To assess the feasibility of percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (PTBD) for the treatment of postsurgical biliary leaks in patients with nondilated intrahepatic bile ducts, its efficacy in restoring the integrity of bile ducts, and technical procedures to reduce morbidity. Methods. Seventeen patients out of 936 undergoing PTBD over a 20-year period had a noncholestatic liver and were retrospectively reviewed. All patients underwent surgery for cancer and suffered a postsurgical biliary leak of 345 ml/day on average; 71% were in poor condition and required permanent nutritional support. An endoscopic approach failed or was excluded due to inaccessibility of the bile ducts. Results. Established biliary leaks and site of origin were diagnosed an average of 21 days (range 1-90 days) after surgery. In all cases percutaneous access to the biliary tree was achieved. An external (preleakage) drain was applied in 7 cases, 9 patients had an external-internal fistula bridging catheter, and 1 patient had a percutaneous hepatogastrostomy. Fistulas healed in an average of 31 days (range 3-118 days ) in 15 of 17 patients (88%) following PTBD. No major complications occurred after drainage. Post-PTBD cholangitis was observed in 6 of 17 patients (35%) and was related to biliary sludge formation occurring mostly when drainage lasted >30 days and was of the external-internal type. Median patient survival was 17.7 months and in all cases the repaired biliary leaks remained healed. Conclusions. PTBD is a feasible, effective, and safe procedure for the treatment of postsurgical biliary leaks. It is therefore a reliable alternative to surgical repair, which entails longer hospitalization and higher costs.

  17. Advanced Reservoir Characterization and Evaluation of CO{sub 2} Gravity Drainage in the Naturally Fractured Spraberry Trend Area

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schechter, D.S.

    1999-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

    The overall goal of this project is to assess the economic feasibility of CO{sub 2} flooding the naturally fractured Spraberry Trend Area in West Texas. This objective is being accomplished by conducting research in four areas: (1) extensive characterization of the reservoirs, (2) experimental studies of crude oil/brine/rock (COBR) interactions in the reservoirs, (3) reservoir performance analysis, and, (4) experimental investigations on CO2 gravity drainage in Spraberry whole cores. This report provides results of the third year of the five-year project for each of the four areas including a status report of field activities leading up to injection of CO2.

  18. Advanced Reservoir Characterization and Evaluation of CO2 Gravity Drainage in the Naturally Fractured Spraberry Trend Area, Class III

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Knight, Bill; Schechter, David S.

    2002-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

    The goal of this project was to assess the economic feasibility of CO2 flooding the naturally fractured Spraberry Trend Area in west Texas. This objective was accomplished through research in four areas: (1) extensive characterization of the reservoirs, (2) experimental studies of crude oil/brine/rock (COBR) interactions in the reservoirs, (3) reservoir performance analysis, and (4) experimental investigations on CO2 gravity drainage in Spraberry whole cores. This provides results of the final year of the six-year project for each of the four areas.

  19. Overview of the Storm Water Individual Permit.pdf

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the LANL Storm Water Individual Permit? Poster, Individual Permit for Storm Water, NPDES Permit No...

  20. Disaster case management and individuals with disabilities 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stough, Laura

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Disaster Case Management and Individuals With Disabilities Laura M. Stough and Amy N. Sharp Texas A&M University Curt Decker and Nachama Wilker National Disability Rights Network, Washington, DC Purpose: To examine the case management and disaster... recovery needs of individuals with disabilities following Hurricane Katrina. The case managers and supervisors in this study provided case management to individuals with disabilities as part of the largest coordinated disaster case management program in U...

  1. Innovative Approach to Prevent Acid Drainage from Uranium Mill Tailings Based on the Application of Na-Ferrate (VI)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fernandes, H.M.; Reinhart, D.; Lettie, L.; Franklin, M.R. [University of Central Florida, P.O. Box. 162450, Orlando, FL, 32816-2450 (United States); Fernandes, H.M.; Franklin, M.R. [Institute of Radiation Protection and Dosimetry (IRD), Av. Salvador Allende s/n - Recreio - Rio de Janeiro - RJ - 22795-090 (Brazil); Sharma, V. [Florida Institute of Technology, 150 West University Boulevard, Melbourne, FL 32901 (United States); Daly, L.J. [Ferrate Treatment Technologies, LLC, 6432 Pine Castle Blvd. Unit 2C, Orlando, FL, 32809 (United States)

    2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The operation of uranium mining and milling plants gives rise to huge amounts of wastes from both mining and milling operations. When pyrite is present in these materials, the generation of acid drainage can take place and result in the contamination of underground and surface waters through the leaching of heavy metals and radionuclides. To solve this problem, many studies have been conducted to find cost-effective solutions to manage acid mine drainage; however, no adequate strategy to deal with sulfide-ric h wastes is currently available. Ferrate (VI) is a powerful oxidizing agent in aqueous media. Under acidic conditions, the redox potential of the Ferrate (VI) ion is the highest of any other oxidant used in wastewater treatment processes. The standard half cell reduction potential of ferrate (VI) has been determined as +2.20 V to + 0.72 V in acidic and basic solutions, respectively. Ferrate (VI) exhibits a multitude of advantageous properties, including higher reactivity and selectivity than traditional oxidant alternatives, as well as disinfectant, flocculating, and coagulant properties. Despite numerous beneficial properties in environmental applications, ferrate (VI) has remained commercially unavailable. Starting in 1953, different methods for producing a high purity, powdered ferrate (VI) product were developed. However, producing this dry, stabilized ferrate (VI) product required numerous process steps which led to excessive synthesis costs (over $20/lb) thereby preventing bulk industrial use. Recently a novel synthesis method for the production of a liquid ferrate (VI) based on hypochlorite oxidation of ferric ion in strongly alkaline solutions has been discovered (USPTO 6,790,428; September 14, 2004). This on-site synthesis process dramatically reduces manufacturing cost for the production of ferrate (VI) by utilizing common commodity feedstocks. This breakthrough means that for the first time ferrate (VI) can be an economical alternative to treating acid mining drainage generating materials. The objective of the present study was to investigate a methodology of preventing the generation of acid drainage by applying ferrate (VI) to acid generating materials prior to the disposal in impoundments or piles. Oxidizing the pyritic material in mining waste could diminish the potential for acid generation and its related environmental risks and long-term costs at disposal sites. The effectiveness of toxic metals removal from acid mine drainage by applying ferrate (VI) is also examined. Preliminary results presented in this paper show that the oxidation of pyrite by ferrate is a first-order rate reaction in Fe(VI) with a half-life of about six hours. The stability of Fe(VI) in water solutions will not influence the reaction rate in a significant manner. New low-cost production methods for making liquid ferrate on-site makes this technology a very attractive option to mitigate one of the most pressing environmental problems in the mining industry. (authors)

  2. Compensated individually addressable array technology for human breast imaging

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lewis, D. Kent (San Francisco, CA)

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A method of forming broad bandwidth acoustic or microwave beams which encompass array design, array excitation, source signal preprocessing, and received signal postprocessing. This technique uses several different methods to achieve improvement over conventional array systems. These methods are: 1) individually addressable array elements; 2) digital-to-analog converters for the source signals; 3) inverse filtering from source precompensation; and 4) spectral extrapolation to expand the bandwidth of the received signals. The components of the system will be used as follows: 1) The individually addressable array allows scanning around and over an object, such as a human breast, without any moving parts. The elements of the array are broad bandwidth elements and efficient radiators, as well as detectors. 2) Digital-to-analog converters as the source signal generators allow virtually any radiated field to be created in the half-space in front of the array. 3) Preprocessing allows for corrections in the system, most notably in the response of the individual elements and in the ability to increase contrast and resolution of signal propagating through the medium under investigation. 4) Postprocessing allows the received broad bandwidth signals to be expanded in a process similar to analytic continuation. Used together, the system allows for compensation to create beams of any desired shape, control the wave fields generated to correct for medium differences, and improve contract and resolution in and through the medium.

  3. The global distribution of large subaerial distributary fluvial systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gwynn, David Wilkinson

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to the area of the upstream drainage basin, but is related to the size of the downstream basin. This sample of systems occurs in a variety of climates and in two different geologic settings - foreland basins and half graben. The rivers on all systems...

  4. Individual Development and Excutive Development Plan Resources

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    According to OPM, an individual development plan (IDP) is a tool to assist employees in career and personal development. Its primary purpose is to help employees reach short and long-term career...

  5. Characterization of individual mouse cerebrospinal fluid proteomes...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in mice has thus far limited individual mouse proteome characterization. Through non-terminal CSF extractions in C57Bl6 mice and high-resolution liquid chromatography-mass...

  6. Security of quantum key distribution with arbitrary individual imperfections

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Øystein Marøy; Lars Lydersen; Johannes Skaar

    2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider the security of the Bennett-Brassard 1984 (BB84) protocol for Quantum Key Distribution (QKD), with arbitrary individual imperfections simultaneously in the source and detectors. We provide the secure key generation rate, and show that only two parameters must be bounded to ensure security; the basis dependence of the source and a detector blinding parameter. The system may otherwise be completely uncharacterized and contain large losses.

  7. Selenium Accumulation in Brassicaceae Plant Species and its Biotransfer to Insect Pollinators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hladun, Kristen

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    farm drainage systems such as constructed solar andon- farm drainage management systems such as solar or

  8. Impact of drainage on soil-forming mechanisms in a French Albeluvisol: Input of mineralogical data in mass-balance modelling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Impact of drainage on soil-forming mechanisms in a French Albeluvisol: Input of mineralogical data. This was considered as a model case to study the velocity of mineralogical changes in soil as a result of eluviation modelling based on mineralogical data in order to identify and characterise the mineralogical

  9. ABSTRACT: FRANKEL K.L. & PAZZAGLIA F.J., Tectonic geomorpholo-gy, drainage basin metrics, and active mountain fronts. (IT ISSN 1724-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frankel, Kurt L.

    and deformational style in the western United States and Italy. Our study is guided by initial results obtained from United States. We attribute the higher variance to the effects of overall larger drainage basin size settings. Here we report results from test cases on five mountain fronts with variable rates of rock uplift

  10. Regional-Scale Assessment of Nitrous Oxide Emissions within the US Corn Belt: The Impact of Precipitation and Agricultural Drainage on Indirect Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    Regional-Scale Assessment of Nitrous Oxide Emissions within the US Corn Belt: The Impact of Precipitation and Agricultural Drainage on Indirect Emissions Tim Griffis1, Xuhui Lee2, John Baker3, Peter, but mitigation strategies have been limited by the large uncertainties in both direct and indirect emission

  11. Combustion Assisted Gravity Drainage (CAGD): An In-Situ Combustion Method to Recover Heavy Oil and Bitumen from Geologic Formations using a Horizontal Injector/Producer Pair 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rahnema, Hamid

    2012-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

    in these experiments. Experimental results showed that oil displacement occurs mainly by gravity drainage. Vigorous oxidation reactions were observed at the early stages near the heel of the injection well, where peak temperatures of about 550ºC to 690ºC were recorded...

  12. Diuron in Surface Runoff and Tile Drainage from Two Grass-Seed Fields David E. Rupp,* R. Edward Peachey, Kristina L. Warren, and John S. Selker

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Selker, John

    Diuron in Surface Runoff and Tile Drainage from Two Grass-Seed Fields David E. Rupp,* R. Edward-seed fields in the Willamette Valley of Oregon were monitored for diuron loss in surface runoff and tile of magnitude by the end of the season. Concentrations in the tile drains were as much as 1000 times lower than

  13. Plasmonic Field Enhancement of Individual Nanoparticles by Correlated...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Field Enhancement of Individual Nanoparticles by Correlated Scanning and Photoemission Electron Microscopy. Plasmonic Field Enhancement of Individual Nanoparticles by Correlated...

  14. Food web architecture in natural and impounded rivers of the Upper Parana drainage basin, Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoeinghaus, David Joseph

    2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Freshwater ecosystems are some of the most threatened on the planet. Efforts to conserve, restore, or otherwise manage large rivers and the services they provide are hindered by limited understanding of the functional dynamics of these systems...

  15. Fractal analysis of drainage basins on Mars T. F. Stepinski,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stepinski, Tomasz F.

    and multifractals; 5415 Planetology: Solid Surface Planets: Erosion and weathering; 6225 Planetology: Solar System of D. A morphology of a given network can be encapsulated in a four-dimensional point A = (t, g, b, r

  16. Psychological characteristics of voluntarily childless individuals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hall, Claudia Helt

    1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in the Study, Total Sample (N = 160) 4 F-Values Comparing Those Who Do Not Want Children With a Group That Does on Age, Sex, Education, and Marital Status. 23 24 26 27 PSYCHOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF VOLUNTARILY CHILDLESS INDIVIDUALS In recent years... but in accord with research predictions, the neuroticism-stability scale revealed no significant dif- ferences among the four groups (mean scores were 9 . 4, 9 . 6, 9. 6, and 9. 2, each p&. 5). Thus it does not appear that voluntarily childless individuals...

  17. MeetingsForum12 Individuals, populations,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    of organism-specific research that is crucial to the field. His time-lapsed, false-color videos of the movement of radioac- tively labeled carbon-containing and nitrogen-containing com- pounds captivated al. (University of British Columbia, Canada) who simultaneously genotyped roots of individual trees

  18. ASSESSING CAUSAL FACTORS IN INDIVIDUAL ROAD ACCIDENTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    ASSESSING CAUSAL FACTORS IN INDIVIDUAL ROAD ACCIDENTS: COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY IN FREEWAY REAR accident report: Happened on I-94 in downtown Minneapolis Happened during the afternoon peak period Vehicle" is a "condition or event" such that "had the condition or event been prevented...the accident would not occur

  19. A parametric study of the effects of coal seam properties on gas drainage efficiency

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Remmer, O.J.; Ertekin, T.; King, G.R.

    1984-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A mathematical model which simulates the flow of methane and water through a coal seam was developed. Partial differential equations governing the flow of methane and brine were derived from mass balances applied to an elemental volume of the reservoir. A two-dimensional cartesian coordinate system was superimposed on the coal seam and was utilized to transform the continuous flow equations to discrete form by application of finite differences.

  20. Disaster case management and individuals with disabilities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stough, Laura

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    -two case managers and 12 case management supervisors from this program provided services to a collective caseload of 2,047 individuals with disabilities and their families. Interviews and telephone surveys were conducted with these participants 20 –24... management process is intended to be collaborative and includes “. . . assessment, planning, facilitation, care coordination, evaluation and advocacy for options and ser- vices . . .” (Case Management Society of America, 2010, p. 8). Other functions of case...

  1. Individual Differences in Human Reliability Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jeffrey C. Joe; Ronald L. Boring

    2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    While human reliability analysis (HRA) methods include uncertainty in quantification, the nominal model of human error in HRA typically assumes that operator performance does not vary significantly when they are given the same initiating event, indicators, procedures, and training, and that any differences in operator performance are simply aleatory (i.e., random). While this assumption generally holds true when performing routine actions, variability in operator response has been observed in multiple studies, especially in complex situations that go beyond training and procedures. As such, complexity can lead to differences in operator performance (e.g., operator understanding and decision-making). Furthermore, psychological research has shown that there are a number of known antecedents (i.e., attributable causes) that consistently contribute to observable and systematically measurable (i.e., not random) differences in behavior. This paper reviews examples of individual differences taken from operational experience and the psychological literature. The impact of these differences in human behavior and their implications for HRA are then discussed. We propose that individual differences should not be treated as aleatory, but rather as epistemic. Ultimately, by understanding the sources of individual differences, it is possible to remove some epistemic uncertainty from analyses.

  2. DISPOSAL OF FLUIDIZED BED COMBUSTION ASH IN AN UNDERGROUND MINE TO CONTROL ACID MINE DRAINAGE AND SUBSIDENCE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Unknown

    1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This project will evaluate the technical, economic and environmental feasibility of filling abandoned underground mine voids with alkaline, advanced coal combustion wastes (Fluidized Bed Combustion-FBC ash). Success will be measured in terms of technical feasibility of the approach (i.e. % void filling), cost, environmental benefits (acid mine drainage and subsidence control) and environmental impacts (noxious ion release). This document reports on progress made during Phase III. The report is divided into three major sections. The first deals with the Hydraulic Injection component. This section of the report describes the progress and milestones associated with the grouting activities of the project. The Phase III tasks of Economic Analysis and Regulatory Analysis is covered under this section. The second component is Pneumatic Injection. This section reports on progress made towards completing the demonstration project. The last component involves evaluating the migration of contaminants through the grouted mine. A computer model has been developed in earlier phases and will model the flow of water in and around the grouted Longridge mine.

  3. Strontium isotope quantification of siderite, brine and acid mine drainage contributions to abandoned gas well discharges in the Appalachian Plateau

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chapman, Elizabeth C.; Capo, Rosemary C.; Stewart, Brian W.; Hedin, Robert S.; Weaver, Theodore J.; Edenborn, Harry M.

    2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Unplugged abandoned oil and gas wells in the Appalachian region can serve as conduits for the movement of waters impacted by fossil fuel extraction. Strontium isotope and geochemical analysis indicate that artesian discharges of water with high total dissolved solids (TDS) from a series of gas wells in western Pennsylvania result from the infiltration of acidic, low Fe (Fe < 10 mg/L) coal mine drainage (AMD) into shallow, siderite (iron carbonate)-cemented sandstone aquifers. The acidity from the AMD promotes dissolution of the carbonate, and metal- and sulfate-contaminated waters rise to the surface through compromised abandoned gas well casings. Strontium isotope mixing models suggest that neither upward migration of oil and gas brines from Devonian reservoirs associated with the wells nor dissolution of abundant nodular siderite present in the mine spoil through which recharge water percolates contribute significantly to the artesian gas well discharges. Natural Sr isotope composition can be a sensitive tool in the characterization of complex groundwater interactions and can be used to distinguish between inputs from deep and shallow contamination sources, as well as between groundwater and mineralogically similar but stratigraphically distinct rock units. This is of particular relevance to regions such as the Appalachian Basin, where a legacy of coal, oil and gas exploration is coupled with ongoing and future natural gas drilling into deep reservoirs.

  4. Geothermal assessment of the lower Bear River drainage and northern East Shore ground-water areas, Box Elder County, Utah

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Klauk, R.H.; Budding, K.E.

    1984-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Utah Geological and Mineral Survey (UGMS) has been researching the low-temperature geothermal resource potential in Utah. This report, part of an area-wide geothermal research program along the Wasatch Front, concerns the study conducted in the lower Bear River drainage and northern East Shore ground-water areas in Box Elder County, Utah. The primary purpose of the study is to identify new areas of geothermal resource potential. There are seven known low-temperature geothermal areas in this part of Box Elder County. Geothermal reconnaissance techniques used in the study include a temperature survey, chemical analysis of well and spring waters, and temperature-depth measurements in accessible wells. The geothermal reconnaissance techniques identified three areas which need further evaluation of their low-temperature geothermal resource potential. Area 1 is located in the area surrounding Little Mountain, area 2 is west and southwest of Plymouth, and area 3 is west and south of the Cutler Dam. 5 figures, 4 tables.

  5. File:CDPHE Industrial Individual Wastewater Discharge Permit...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Industrial Individual Wastewater Discharge Permit Application.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Metadata File:CDPHE Industrial Individual Wastewater...

  6. Determining Individual Mineral Contributions To U(VI) Adsorption...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Individual Mineral Contributions To U(VI) Adsorption In A Contaminated Aquifer Sediment: A Fluorescence Spectroscopy Determining Individual Mineral Contributions To U(VI)...

  7. Comparison Between Mass Spectra of Individual Organic Particles...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Mass Spectra of Individual Organic Particles Generated by UV Laser Ablation and in the IRUV Two-Step Mode. Comparison Between Mass Spectra of Individual Organic Particles...

  8. Using Consulting Skills to Improve Individual and Organizational...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Using Consulting Skills to Improve Individual and Organizational Performance Using Consulting Skills to Improve Individual and Organizational Performance June 2, 2015 7:00AM MDT to...

  9. Perturbations in the Lipid Profile of Individuals with Newly...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Perturbations in the Lipid Profile of Individuals with Newly Diagnosed Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus: Lipidomics Analysis of a Perturbations in the Lipid Profile of Individuals with...

  10. Acid mine drainage prevention, control and treatment technology development for the Stockett/Sand Coulee area. Topical report, March 1, 1995--March 31, 1996

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, T.

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The project was initiated to assist the State of Montana to develop a methodology to ameliorate acid mine drainage problems associated with the abandoned mines located in the Stockett/Sand Coulee area near Great Falls, Montana. Extremely acidic water is continuously discharging from abandoned coal mines in the Stockett/Sand Coulee area at an estimated rate of greater than 600 acre-feet per year (about 350 to 400 gallons per minute). Due to its extreme acidity, the water is unusable and is contaminating other water supplies. Most of the local alluvial aquifers have been contaminated, and nearly 5% of the private wells that were tested in the area during the mid-1980`s showed some degree of contamination. Significant government money has been spent replacing water supplies due to the magnitude of this problem. In addition, millions of dollars have been spent trying to remediate acid mine drainage occurring in this coal field. To date, the techniques used have focused on the management and containment of mine waters, rather than designing technologies that would prevent the formation of acid mine drainage.

  11. Results of the GAP-4 experiment on molten-fuel drainage through intersubassembly gap geometry. [LMFBR

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Spencer, B.W.; Vetter, D.; Wesel, R.; Sienicki, J.J.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    One of the key issues in assessment of the meltout phase of a hypothetical core disruptive accident in the LMFBR system involves the timing and paths for dispersal of molten fuel from the disrupted core. A program of experiments is underway at Argonne National Laboratory to investigate molten fuel penetration through these postulated escape paths. The purpose of the GAP-4 test was to examine the penetration distances of molten fuel flowing through the flat, narrow channels representing the intersubassembly gap geometry. In the experiment design, the gap geometry was selected to be two-dimensional on the basis that the gap volume in a reactor design would be interconnected and continuous. The molten fuel used in these tests was a mixture of UO/sub 2/ (81%) and molybdenum (19%) which was generated by an exothermic thermite reaction at a temperature of approx. 3470 K.

  12. THE USE OF COAL COMBUSTION BY-PRODUCTS FOR IN SITU TREATMENT OF ACID MINE DRAINAGE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Geoffrey A. Canty; Jess W. Everett

    2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    In 1994 a demonstration project was undertaken to investigate the effectiveness of using CCBs for the in situ treatment of acidic mine water. Actual injection of alkaline material was performed in 1997 with initial positive results; however, the amount of alkalinity added to the system was limited and resulted in short duration treatment. In 1999, a CBRC grant was awarded to further investigate the effectiveness of alkaline injection technology (AIT). Funds were released in fall 2001. In December 2001, 2500 tons of fluidized bed combustion (FBC) ash were injected into the wells used in the 1997 injection project. Post injection monitoring continued for 24 months. During this period the mine chemistry had gone through a series of chemical changes that manifested as stages or ''treatment phases.'' The mine system appeared to be in the midst of reestablishing equilibrium with the partial pressure of mine headspace. Alkalinity and pH appeared to be gradually increasing during this transition. As of December 2003, the pH and alkalinity were roughly 7.3 and 65 ppm, respectively. Metal concentrations were significantly lower than pre-injection levels, but iron and manganese concentrations appeared to be gradually increasing (roughly 30 ppm and 1.25 ppm, respectively). Aluminum, nickel, and zinc were less than pre-injection concentrations and did not appear to be increasing (roughly

  13. Inhibiting Individual Notch Receptors Improves Treatment

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC) EnvironmentalGyroSolé(tm)HydrogenRFPTri-PartyFor manyInhibiting Individual Notch

  14. Inhibiting Individual Notch Receptors Improves Treatment

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHigh SchoolIn Other News linkThermal Phenomena inInhibiting Individual

  15. Handbook for preparation of Individual Procurement Action Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Procurement and Assistance Data System (PADS) provides a mechanism for collecting, assembling, organizing, and presenting acquisition and assistance data for the Department of Energy (DOE). This handbook and associated documents establish a uniform system to report acquisition/assistance data to PADS for the collection, processing, and dissemination of official statistical data on the Department`s acquisition and assistance actions. The data provides, based on information available at the time of request, a basis for any recurring and special reports to the senior procurement executive, Congress, General Accounting Office (GAO), Federal executive agencies, Office of management and Budget (OMB), and the general public. It provides information for measuring and assessing the extent to which small business firms and small disadvantages business enterprises are sharing in DOE placement, and for other acquisition and assistance policy and management control purposes. The Handbook for the Preparation of the Individual Procurement Action Report (IPAR) has been designed in two sections; Procurement and Financial Assistance to support the individual forms.

  16. Does Pet Arrival Trigger Prosocial Behaviors in Individuals with Autism?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Does Pet Arrival Trigger Prosocial Behaviors in Individuals with Autism? Marine Grandgeorge1 between the presence or the arrival of pets in families with an individual with autism and the changes of pets - two groups of 12 individuals and two groups of 8 individuals were assigned to: study 1 (pet

  17. Disposal of Fluidized Bed Combustion Ash in an Underground Mine to Control Acid Mine Drainage and Subsidence

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This project will evaluate the technical, economic and environmental feasibility of filling abandoned underground mine voids with alkaline, advanced coal combustion wastes (Fluidized Bed Combustion (FBC) ash). Success will be measured in terms of technical feasibility of the approach (i.e. YO void filling), cost, environmental benefits (acid mine drainage and subsidence control) and environmental impacts (noxious ion release). During Phase Ill the majority of the activity involves completing two full scale demonstration projects. The eleven acre Longridge mine in Preston County will be filled with 53,000 cubic yards of grout during the spring of 1998 and monitored for following year. The second demonstration involves stowing 2000 tons of ash into an abandoned mine to demonstrate the newly redesigned Burnett Ejector. This demonstration is anticipated to take place during the winter of 1997. This document will report on progress made during Phase Ill. The report will be divided into four major sections. The first will be the Hydraulic Injection component. This section of the report will report on progress and milestones associated with the grouting activities of the project. The Phase Ill tasks of Economic Analysis and Regulatory Analysis will be covered under this section. The second component is Pneumatic Injection. This section reports on progress made towards completing the demonstration project. The Water Quality component involves background monitoring of water quality and precipitation at the Phase Ill (Longridge) mine site. The last component involves evaluating the migration of contaminants through the grouted mine. A computer model has been developed in earlier phases and will model the flow of water in and around the grouted Longridge mine.

  18. Boom Drainage: revisited

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manihar, Nikita

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Containment boom is the most common type of containment device used to prevent oil from spreading on water in the event of an oil spill. Booms are successful in collecting oil on water for recovery but their performance is not the same in every case...

  19. Boom Drainage: revisited 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manihar, Nikita

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Containment boom is the most common type of containment device used to prevent oil from spreading on water in the event of an oil spill. Booms are successful in collecting oil on water for recovery but their performance is not the same in every case...

  20. Letter: Southeast Drainage Remediation.

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group currentBradleyTableSelling CorpNewCF INDUSTRIES,L? .-I I2 m.m\ LILTS PlanI9

  1. Quasi one dimensional transport in individual electrospun composite nanofibers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Avnon, A., E-mail: avnon@phys.fu-berlin.de; Datsyuk, V.; Trotsenko, S. [Institut für Experimentalphysik, Freie Universität Berlin, Arnimallee 14, 14195 Berlin (Germany)] [Institut für Experimentalphysik, Freie Universität Berlin, Arnimallee 14, 14195 Berlin (Germany); Wang, B.; Zhou, S. [Research Center of Microperipheric Technologies, Technische Universität Berlin, TiB4/2-1, Gustav-Meyer-Allee 25, 13355 Berlin (Germany)] [Research Center of Microperipheric Technologies, Technische Universität Berlin, TiB4/2-1, Gustav-Meyer-Allee 25, 13355 Berlin (Germany); Grabbert, N.; Ngo, H.-D. [Microsystem Engineering (FB I), University of Applied Sciences, Wilhelminenhofstr. 74 (C 525), 12459 Berlin (Germany)] [Microsystem Engineering (FB I), University of Applied Sciences, Wilhelminenhofstr. 74 (C 525), 12459 Berlin (Germany)

    2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We present results of transport measurements of individual suspended electrospun nanofibers Poly(methyl methacrylate)-multiwalled carbon nanotubes. The nanofiber is comprised of highly aligned consecutive multiwalled carbon nanotubes. We have confirmed that at the range temperature from room temperature down to ?60 K, the conductance behaves as power-law of temperature with an exponent of ? ? 2.9?10.2. The current also behaves as power law of voltage with an exponent of ? ? 2.3?8.6. The power-law behavior is a footprint for one dimensional transport. The possible models of this confined system are discussed. Using the model of Luttinger liquid states in series, we calculated the exponent for tunneling into the bulk of a single multiwalled carbon nanotube ?{sub bulk} ? 0.06 which agrees with theoretical predictions.

  2. Fluid accumulation in thin-film fl ows driven by surface tension and gravity (I): Rigorous analysis of a drainage equation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cuesta, C M

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We derive a boundary layer equation describing accumulation regions within a thin-film approximation framework where gravity and surface tension balance. As part of the analysis of this problem we investigate in detail and rigorously the 'drainage' equation (phi"'+1)phi^3=1. In particular, we prove that all solutions that do not tend to 1 as the independent variable goes to infinity are oscillatory, and that they oscillate in a very specific way. This result and the method of proof will be used in the analysis of solutions of the afore mentioned boundary layer problem.

  3. Advanced reservoir characterization and evaluation of CO{sub 2} gravity drainage in the naturally fractured Spraberry Trend Area. Annual report, September 1, 1995--August 31, 1996

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schechter, D.S.

    1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The overall goal of this project is to assess the economic feasibility of CO{sub 2} flooding in the naturally fractured Spraberry Trend Area in West Texas. This objective is being accomplished by conducting research in four areas: (1) extensive characterization of the reservoirs, (2) experimental studies of crude oil/brine/rock (COBR) interaction in the reservoirs, (3) analytical and numerical simulation of Spraberry reservoirs, and, (4) experimental investigations on CO{sub 2} gravity drainage in Spraberry whole cores. This report provides results of the first year of the five-year project for each of the four areas.

  4. INDIVIDUAL REFORM ELEMENTS .63Average course exam score

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colorado at Boulder, University of

    INDIVIDUAL REFORM ELEMENTS .63Average course exam score .11In class clicker score .02Lecture: · Correlations with effort/curricular elements are positive but not high, indicating no individual course reform

  5. Alternative investment opportunities in real estate for individual investors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harper, Jeffrey D. (Jeffrey David)

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis will evaluate whether an unsatisfied need to access private commercial market real estate investment opportunities exists on the behalf of individual investors via their Individual Retirement Accounts (IRAs) ...

  6. assessing individual differences: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of individual David M. Buss; Heidi Greiling 1999-01-01 2 Individual Differences In Dyslexia CiteSeer Summary: With the phonological deficit hypothesis of dyslexia as a...

  7. addressing individual differences: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of individual David M. Buss; Heidi Greiling 1999-01-01 2 Individual Differences In Dyslexia CiteSeer Summary: With the phonological deficit hypothesis of dyslexia as a...

  8. How predictable : modeling rates of change in individuals and populations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krumme, Katherine

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis develops methodologies to measure rates of change in individual human behavior, and to capture statistical regularities in change at the population level, in three pieces: i) a model of individual rate of change ...

  9. Object individuation in infancy: the value of color and luminance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Woods, Rebecca Jindalee

    2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The ability to individuate objects is one of our most fundamental cognitive capacities. Recent research has revealed that, when objects vary in color or luminance alone, infants fail to individuate until 11.5 months. However, color and luminance...

  10. Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chapter 1. Systems. 1.1. On Line. In this introductory section we will pose no exercises, but instead, will detail. how to use Maple to solve problems in linear ...

  11. The automated generation of Web documents that are tailored to the individual reader

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DiMarco, Chrysanne

    for the management and presentation of Web documents would be a very important enhance- ment of the Web's current in a system for the manage- ment and presentation of Web documents would be a very important enhancementThe automated generation of Web documents that are tailored to the individual reader Chrysanne Di

  12. International Conference on Urban Drainage, Copenhagen/Denmark, 21-26 August 2005 Pitt and Maestre 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pitt, Robert E.

    Pollutant Discharge Elimination System) MS4 (municipal separate storm sewer system) stormwater permit as part of the existing stormwater permit program, providing a scientific analysis of the data (National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System) stormwater permit program. There have been some local

  13. Advanced reservoir characterization and evaluation of CO{sub 2} gravity drainage in the naturally fractured Spraberry Trend Area. Annual report, September 1, 1996--August 31, 1997

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schechter, D.S.

    1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The overall goal of this project is to assess the economic feasibility of CO{sub 2} flooding the naturally fractured Spraberry Trend Area in West Texas. This objective is being accomplished by conducting research in four areas: (1) extensive characterization of the reservoirs, (2) experimental studies of crude oil/brine/rock (COBR) interaction in the reservoirs, (3) reservoir performance analysis, and (4) experimental investigations on CO{sub 2} gravity drainage in Spraberry whole cores. This report provides results of the second year of the five-year project for each of the four areas. In the first area, the author has completed the reservoir characterization, which includes matrix description and detection (from core-log integration) and fracture characterization. This information is found in Section 1. In the second area, the author has completed extensive inhibition experiments that strongly indicate that the weakly water-wet behavior of the reservoir rock may be responsible for poor waterflood response observed in many Spraberry fields. In the third area, the author has made significant progress in analytical and numerical simulation of performance in Spraberry reservoirs as seen in Section 3. In the fourth area, the author has completed several suites of CO{sub 2} gravity drainage in Spraberry and Berea whole cores at reservoir conditions and reported in Section 4. The results of these experiments have been useful in developing a model for free-fall gravity drainage and have validated the premise that CO{sub 2} will recover oil from tight, unconfined Spraberry matrix. The final three years of this project involves implementation of the CO{sub 2} pilot. Up to twelve new wells are planned in the pilot area; water injection wells to contain the CO{sub 2}, three production wells to monitor performance of CO{sub 2}, CO{sub 2} injection wells including one horizontal injection well and logging observation wells to monitor CO{sub 2} flood fronts. Results of drilling these wells will be forthcoming.

  14. Analysis of Individual Environmental Particles Using Modern Methods...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    which are of high importance to atmospheric processes involving particulate matter and air pollution. Citation: Laskin A, JP Cowin, and MJ Iedema.2006."Analysis of Individual...

  15. active healthy individuals: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    recommendations for physical activity, adherence, and health related quality of life among individuals with arthritis was examined using the (more) Austin, Shamly...

  16. Micro-Spectroscopic Imaging and Characterization of Individually...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Spectroscopic Imaging and Characterization of Individually Identified Ice Nucleating Particles from a Case Field Study. Micro-Spectroscopic Imaging and Characterization of...

  17. assessing individual interethnic: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    intelligence (g), WM (span tasks, 3-back task), and WM 38 Individual Differences In Dyslexia CiteSeer Summary: With the phonological deficit hypothesis of dyslexia as a...

  18. Continual Learning Program/Individual Training Plans- No Excuses

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Continual Learning Program (CLP) currently has 4 workshops that focus on employee development. The Individual Development Plan (IDP) is one of the resources discussed in the workshops.

  19. Advanced Reservoir Characterization and Evaluation of CO{sub 2} Gravity Drainage in the Naturally Fractured Spraberry Trend Area, Class III

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Knight, Bill; Schechter, David S.

    2001-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

    The goal of this project was to assess the economic feasibility of CO{sub 2} flooding the naturally fractured Spraberry Trend Area in west Texas. This objective was accomplished through research in four areas: (1) extensive characterization of the reservoirs, (2) experimental studies of crude oil/brine/rock (COBR) interactions in the reservoirs, (3) reservoir performance analysis, and (4) experimental investigations on CO{sub 2} gravity drainage in Spraberry whole cores. The four areas have been completed and reported in the previous annual reports. This report provides the results of the final year of the project including two SPE papers (SPE 71605 and SPE 71635) presented in the 2001 SPE Annual Meeting in New Orleans, two simulation works, analysis of logging observation wells (LOW) and progress of CO{sub 2} injection.

  20. Real-time individualized training vectors for experiential learning.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Willis, Matt; Tucker, Eilish Marie; Raybourn, Elaine Marie; Glickman, Matthew R.; Fabian, Nathan

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Military training utilizing serious games or virtual worlds potentially generate data that can be mined to better understand how trainees learn in experiential exercises. Few data mining approaches for deployed military training games exist. Opportunities exist to collect and analyze these data, as well as to construct a full-history learner model. Outcomes discussed in the present document include results from a quasi-experimental research study on military game-based experiential learning, the deployment of an online game for training evidence collection, and results from a proof-of-concept pilot study on the development of individualized training vectors. This Lab Directed Research & Development (LDRD) project leveraged products within projects, such as Titan (Network Grand Challenge), Real-Time Feedback and Evaluation System, (America's Army Adaptive Thinking and Leadership, DARWARS Ambush! NK), and Dynamic Bayesian Networks to investigate whether machine learning capabilities could perform real-time, in-game similarity vectors of learner performance, toward adaptation of content delivery, and quantitative measurement of experiential learning.

  1. Author-produced version of the article published in Irrigation and Drainage, 2012, 61 (1), 87-94. The original publication is available at http://wileyonlinelibrary.com DOI: 10.1002/ird.1662

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    are growing, as treatment facilities cannot always keep up. The farming sector could better manage waterAuthor-produced version of the article published in Irrigation and Drainage, 2012, 61 (1), 87-94. The original publication is available at http://wileyonlinelibrary.com DOI: 10.1002/ird.1662 WHICH WATER

  2. ABSTRACT: Unlike individuals with mild stroke, individuals with severe stroke are constrained to stereotypical movement patterns attributed to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    that, during shoulder abduction, individuals with moderate to severe chronic stroke spontaneously concurrently with shoul- der abduction, with the most deleterious effects measured at maximal abduction levels

  3. Decreasing Magmatic Footprints of Individual Volcanos in a Waning Basaltic Field

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    G.A> Valentine; F.V. Perry

    2006-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

    The distribution and characteristics of individual basaltic volcanoes in the waning Southwestern Nevada Volcanic Field provide insight into the changing physical nature of magmatism and the controls on volcano location. During Pliocene-Pleistocene times the volumes of individual volcanoes have decreased by more than one order of magnitude, as have fissure lengths and inferred lava effusion rates. Eruptions evolved from Hawaiian-style eruptions with extensive lavas to eruptions characterized by small pulses of lava and Strombolian to violent Strombolian mechanisms. These trends indicate progressively decreasing partial melting and length scales, or magmatic footprints, of mantle source zones for individual volcanoes. The location of each volcano is determined by the location of its magmatic footprint at depth, and only by shallow structural and topographic features that are within that footprint. The locations of future volcanoes in a waning system are less likely to be determined by large-scale topography or structures than were older, larger volume volcanoes.

  4. Nonlinear Optical Imaging of Individual Carbon Nanotubes with

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Potma, Eric Olaf

    Nonlinear Optical Imaging of Individual Carbon Nanotubes with Four-Wave-Mixing Microscopy Hyunmin ABSTRACT Dual color four-wave-mixing (FWM) microscopy is used to spatially resolve the third-order optical and experiment rather challenging. Optical exami- nation of individual SWNTs avoids the heterogeneity of ensemble

  5. DESIGNING LEARNING ACTIVITY TO BE INDIVIDUALIZED Sofiane AOUAG

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    types of knowledge and models. The multi-modelling of the learning activity imply specifying for modelsDESIGNING LEARNING ACTIVITY TO BE INDIVIDUALIZED Sofiane AOUAG Laboratoire de Recherche sur le, learning object, multimodeling, activity theory, individualized learning, learning to read, Agent. Abstract

  6. Discussion Papers in Individual and Group Learning in Crisis Simulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Discussion Papers in Management Individual and Group Learning in Crisis Simulations Edward-5 January 2002 ISSN 1356-3548 #12;2 Individual and Group Learning in Crisis Simulations Edward Borodzicz1 learning. The issue is raised that simulation exercises may concentrate learning outcomes for exercise

  7. Frequency, composition and stability of associations among individual largemouth bass

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cooke, Steven J.

    bass (Micropterus salmoides) at diel, daily and seasonal scales. Ecology of Freshwater Fish 2007: 16 bass. The temporal and spatial proximity of each fish relative to the other 19 individuals was assessedFrequency, composition and stability of associations among individual largemouth bass (Micropterus

  8. The Individual and Collective Token Interpretations of Petri Nets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pratt, Vaughan

    The Individual and Collective Token Interpretations of Petri Nets Rob van Glabbeek National ICT@cs.stanford.edu Abstract. Starting from the opinion that the standard firing rule of Petri nets embodies the collective token interpretation of nets rather than their individual token interpretation, I propose a new firing

  9. The Individual and Collective Token Interpretations of Petri Nets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pratt, Vaughan

    The Individual and Collective Token Interpretations of Petri Nets@cs.stanford.edu Abstract. Starting from the opinion that the standard firing rule of Petri nets embodies the collective token interpretation of nets rather than their individual token interpretation, I propose

  10. Rapid Communications Strong piezoelectricity in individual GaN nanowires

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Espinosa, Horacio D.

    Rapid Communications Strong piezoelectricity in individual GaN nanowires Majid Minary@northwestern.edu (Received 12 July 2011; accepted 15 September 2011) Abstract GaN nanowires are promising building blocks piezoelectricity in individual single-crystal GaN nanowires revealed by direct measurement of the piezoelectric

  11. A Study of Individual Household Water Consumption Borg, Edwards, Kimpel A Study of Individual Household Water Consumption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pasternack, Gregory B.

    's goal is to investigate the weekly per capita indoor water use of three households in Davis, CaliforniaA Study of Individual Household Water Consumption Borg, Edwards, Kimpel A Study of Individual Household Water Consumption Maisie Borg, Orion Edwards & Sarah Kimpel Abstract Over the past several decades

  12. Applying MODFLOW to wet grassland in-field habitats: a case study from the Pevensey Levels, UK Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 7(1), 4355 (2003) EGU

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 7(1), 43­55 (2003) © EGU Applying MODFLOW to wet grassland in and Hydrology, Wallingford, OX10 8BB, UK Email for corresponding author: rbb@ceh.ac.uk Abstract Historical drainage improvements have created complex hydrological regimes in many low-lying, wet coastal grassland

  13. Two-Dimensional, Individually-Addressable Nanostructure Arrays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Chu-Yeu Peter

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    semiconductor and microelectromechanical systems (MEMS)semiconductor and microelectromechanical systems (MEMS)

  14. Individual User Behavior Leading Factor in Comfort Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zeiler, W.; Boxem, G.; Van Houten, M. A.; Wortel, W.; Van Der Velden, J. A. J.; Kamphuis, R.; Hommelberg, M.; Broekhuizen, H.

    With global warming effects and exploding energy prices it is necessary to further optimize the energy performance of buildings. Intelligent Agents technology for individual climate control for each user of a building in combination with feedback...

  15. Hurricane Preparedness & Resource Guide For Individuals and Families

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miles, Will

    Hurricane Preparedness & Resource Guide For Individuals and Families This material was developed Health Services, Inc. (7/09) Hurricane Preparedness and Resource Guide | 2 Table of Contents Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Defining a Hurricane

  16. Individuals in product development : interactions with teams and products

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Castro, João Nuno Lopes

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation focuses on how individuals involved in complex product development operate and interact with other people in the project and how they perceive and modify the product. Complex product development requires ...

  17. Proposing Individualization of the design of cryptographic hardware accelerators as

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    can be an efficient countermeasure against improved physical attacks using bridge-based power the improved power analysis attack reported in [1]. B. Individualization of GF(2n )-ECC designs ECC-designs can

  18. Infants' use of luminance information in object individuation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Woods, Rebecca Jindalee

    2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    object interactions. One way to test these hypotheses is to investigate infants' ability to individuate objects based on luminance. Luminance is detected at birth, so, according to the visual maturation hypothesis, luminance, like shape and size...

  19. Organizational justice: a potential facilitator or barrier to individual creativity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simmons, Aneika L.

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    the level of creative performance of individuals with creative potential. The influence of organizational justice, a prominent and pervasive environmental factor, on creative output has been largely ignored. I assert that organizational justice (i...

  20. The Origins of English Individualism and Earls Colne, Essex

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Macfarlane, Alan

    2006-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

    A visit to Earls Colne in Essex, England, in August 2006. Discussions of the origins of English individualism and the reconstruction of the history of an English village. Also wider reflections on China, Japan, feudalism, capitalism, peasantry...

  1. Individual User Behavior Leading Factor in Comfort Control 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zeiler, W.; Boxem, G.; Van Houten, M. A.; Wortel, W.; Van Der Velden, J. A. J.; Kamphuis, R.; Hommelberg, M.; Broekhuizen, H.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    With global warming effects and exploding energy prices it is necessary to further optimize the energy performance of buildings. Intelligent Agents technology for individual climate control for each user of a building in combination with feedback...

  2. Anisotropic light scattering of individual sickle red blood cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Youngchan

    We present the anisotropic light scattering of individual red blood cells (RBCs) from a patient with sickle cell disease (SCD). To measure light scattering spectra along two independent axes of elongated-shaped sickle RBCs ...

  3. In-home consumer evaluations of individual muscles from beef rounds subjected to tenderization treatments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mueller, Stacy Layne

    2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    (2003) found that steaks that were injected were more tender (P < 0.05) than control steaks in both Warner-Bratzler shear force and consumer sensory panel ratings. Kolle, McKenna, and Savell (2004) investigated the effects of blade tenderization..., enzymatic tenderization, and injection with salt and phosphate solutions on individual muscles from beef rounds. Kolle et al. (2004) found that responses to tenderization systems were largely muscle dependent, with the M. gluteobiceps and M...

  4. Dynamic Response of Large Wind Power Plant Affected by Diverse Conditions at Individual Turbines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Elizondo, Marcelo A.; Lu, Shuai; Lin, Guang; Wang, Shaobu

    2014-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Diverse operating conditions at individual wind turbine generators (WTG) within wind power plants (WPPs) can affect the WPP dynamic response to system faults. For example, individual WTGs can experience diverse terminal voltage and power output caused by different wind direction and speed, affecting the response of protection and control limiters. In this paper, we present a study to investigate the dynamic response of a detailed WPP model under diverse power outputs of its individual WTGs. Wake effect is considered as the reason for diverse power outputs. The diverse WTG power output is evaluated in a test system where a large 168-machine test WPP is connected to the IEEE-39-bus system. The power output from each WTG is derived from a wake effect model that uses realistic statistical data for incoming wind speed and direction. The results show that diverse WTG output due to wake effect can affect the WPP dynamic response activating specialized control in some turbines. In addition, transient stability is affected by exhibiting uncertainty in critical clearing time calculation.

  5. X-Ray Computed Microtomography Studies of Fluid Partitioning in Drainage and Imbibition Before and After Gel Placement: Disproportionate Permeability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New York at Stoney Brook, State University of

    % NaCl, and 0.1% CaCl2. The brine contained 1% NaCl and 0.1% CaCl2. The oil was hexadecane) to increase X-ray attenuation contrast relative to the brine phase. All experiments were performed at room. Wettability tests produced Amott-Harvey indexes4 of 1 for the brine/oil/Berea sandstone system and -1

  6. Temporal Evolution of Volcanic Eruption, Fluvial Drainage Systems and Faulting on the Northwest Flank of Alba Patera as Revealed by Photogeological Mapping

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chowdhury, Diya

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    J. M. , and K. J. Becker. "ISIS- A software architecture forCTX and softwares such as Isis freely available to us. Idata was processed using Isis, an image processing software

  7. Genetic and Phenotypic Catalog of Native Resident Trout of the interior Columbia River Basin : FY-2001 Report : Populations in the Wenatchee, Entiat, Lake Chelan and Methow River Drainages.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Trotter, Patrick C.

    2001-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The 1994 Fish and Wildlife Program of the Northwest Power Planning Council specifies the recovery and preservation of population health of native resident fishes of the Columbia River Basin. Among the native resident species of concern are interior rainbow trout of the Columbia River redband subspecies Oncorhynchus mykiss gairdneri 1 and westslope cutthroat trout O. clarki lewisi. The westslope cutthroat trout has been petitioned for listing under the U. S. Endangered Species Act (American Wildlands et al. 1997). Before at-risk populations can be protected, their presence and status must be established. Where introgression from introduced species is a concern, as in the case of both westslope cutthroat trout and redband rainbow trout, genetic issues must be addressed as well. As is true with native trout elsewhere in the western United States (Behnke 1992), most of the remaining pure populations of these species in the Columbia River Basin are in relatively remote headwater reaches. The objective of this project was to photo-document upper Columbia Basin native resident trout populations in Washington, and to ascertain their species or subspecies identity and relative genetic purity using a nonlethal DNA technique. FY-2001 was year three (and final year) of a project in which we conducted field visits to remote locations to seek out and catalog these populations. In FY-2001 we worked in collaboration with the Wenatchee National Forest to catalog populations in the Wenatchee, Entiat, Lake Chelan, and Methow River drainages of Washington State.

  8. Acid mine water aeration and treatment system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ackman, Terry E. (Finleyville, PA); Place, John M. (Bethel Park, PA)

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An in-line system is provided for treating acid mine drainage which basically comprises the combination of a jet pump (or pumps) and a static mixer. The jet pump entrains air into the acid waste water using a Venturi effect so as to provide aeration of the waste water while further aeration is provided by the helical vanes of the static mixer. A neutralizing agent is injected into the suction chamber of the jet pump and the static mixer is formed by plural sections offset by 90 degrees.

  9. Phase Identification of Individual Crystalline Particles by Electron Backscatter Diffraction (EBSD)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    SMALL,J.A.; MICHAEL,JOSEPH R.

    2000-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Recently, an EBSD system was developed that uses a 1024 x 1024 CCD camera coupled to a thin phosphor. This camera has been shown to produce excellent EBSD patterns. In this system, crystallographic information is determined from the EBSD pattern and coupled with the elemental information from energy or wavelength dispersive x-ray spectrometry. Identification of the crystalline phase of a sample is then made through a link to a commercial diffraction database. To date, this system has been applied almost exclusively to conventional, bulk samples that have been polished to a flat surface. In this investigation, the authors report on the application of the EBSD system to the phase identification analysis (PIA) of individual micrometer and submicrometer particles rather than flat surfaces.

  10. Individual and group electronic brainstorming in an industrial setting.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dornburg, Courtney C.; Stevens, Susan Marie; Davidson, George S.; Hendrickson, Stacey M. Langfitt

    2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An experiment was conducted comparing the effectiveness of individual versus group electronic brainstorming in addressing real-world 'wickedly difficult' challenges. Previous laboratory research has engaged small groups of students in answering questions irrelevant to an industrial setting. The current experiment extended this research to larger, real-world employee groups engaged in addressing organization-relevant challenges. Within the present experiment, the data demonstrated that individuals performed at least as well as groups in terms of number of ideas produced and significantly (p < .02) outperformed groups in terms of the quality of those ideas (as measured along the dimensions of originality, feasibility, and effectiveness).

  11. Advanced engine management of individual cylinders for control of exhaust species

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Graves, Ronald L [Knoxville, TN; West, Brian H [Knoxville, TN; Huff, Shean P [Knoxville, TN; Parks, II, James E

    2008-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

    A method and system controls engine-out exhaust species of a combustion engine having a plurality of cylinders. The method typically includes various combinations of steps such as controlling combustion parameters in individual cylinders, grouping the individual cylinders into a lean set and a rich set of one or more cylinders, combusting the lean set in a lean combustion parameter condition having a lean air:fuel equivalence ratio, combusting the rich set in a rich combustion parameter condition having a rich air:fuel equivalence ratio, and adjusting the lean set and the rich set of one or more cylinders to generate net-lean combustion. The exhaust species may have elevated concentrations of hydrogen and oxygen.

  12. Measuring, Comparing, and Contrasting the Agricultural Paradigmatic Preferences Held by Florida Extension Agents: The Redevelopment of an Instrument to Determine Individual and Collective Preferences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanagorski, Laura Anne 1980-

    2012-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Significant support for sustainable agriculture practices exists within the land-grant university system nationwide. Despite this fact, many colleges, including the University of Florida, have not evaluated the individual paradigms held...

  13. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Individual whole-body concentration of 137

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mousseau, Timothy A.

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE Individual whole-body concentration of 137 Cesium is associated with decreased blood counts in children in the Chernobyl-contaminated areas, Ukraine, 2008­2010 Anna Lindgren1 that children living in villages with high activity of 137 Cesium (Cs) in the soil had decreased levels

  14. Submitted to the Annals of Statistics PERFORMANCE GUARANTEES FOR INDIVIDUALIZED

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murphy, Susan A.

    . We con- sider the use of clinical trial data in the construction of an indi- vidualized treatment. Furthermore there are frequently many pretreat- ment variables that may or may not be useful in constructing AND MURPHY prognosis for that patient. In general the goal is to use data to construct individualized

  15. Bioenergetics-Based Modeling of Individual PCB Congeners in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCarty, John P.

    Bioenergetics-Based Modeling of Individual PCB Congeners in Nestling Tree Swallows from Two 14850 A bioenergetics-based model was used to simulate the accumulation of total PCBs and 20 PCB of sediment- associated contaminants to sediment-dwelling organisms. A bioenergetics-based model was developed

  16. Johns Hopkins individualized Health Initiative Hopkins inHealth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Niebur, Ernst

    ;$2,593,644,000,000 #12;#12;#12;Why is U.S. health care so much more "expensive" but not more effective than in most OECD disease? #12;Older? #12;McKinsey Global Institute. 2008. Accounting for the costs of US health care: A newJohns Hopkins individualized Health Initiative Hopkins inHealth Scott L. Zeger Professor

  17. SHORT COMMUNICATION Quantifying the effects of individual and environmental

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    James, Alex

    SHORT COMMUNICATION Quantifying the effects of individual and environmental variability in fish ABSTRACT The effect of environmental variability on fish recruitment is analysed using simple linear growth in recruited fish, and in the mean observed growth rate of the overall population. These conclu- sions

  18. Information Content of Individual Genetic Sequences Thomas D. Schneider y

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schneider, Thomas D.

    -441, 1997. http://www-lecb.ncifcrf.gov/#24;toms/paper/ri/ Running title: Information of Individual Sequences) 846-5598, email: toms@ncifcrf.gov. http://www.lecb.ncifcrf.gov/~toms/ y To whom correspondence should; Schneider & Stephens, 1990; Herman & Schneider, 1992; Gutell et al., 1992; Stephens & Schneider, 1992; Papp

  19. Social Work and Women's Studies Social work engages with individuals,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Women's Studies can lead to careers in child and youth protection services, women's shelters, sexualSocial Work and Women's Studies Social work engages with individuals, families, communities a positive difference in the lives of others. In your fourth year, you will apply what you have learned

  20. ORIGINAL PAPER Hunter feedback of individually marked wild boar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ORIGINAL PAPER Hunter feedback of individually marked wild boar Sus scrofa L.: dispersal 2009 # Springer-Verlag 2009 Abstract Increasing wild boar (Sus scrofa L.) population densities all over of wild boar in southwestern Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania. From 152 marked wild boar, 105 have been

  1. Solar Energy Systems Tax Credit (Personal) (Iowa)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Iowa offers a 15% individual tax credit for solar energy systems. The credit is based on the federal tax credits for solar; individuals can claim 50% of the [http://dsireusa.org/incentives...

  2. Detecting individual gravity modes in the Sun: Chimera or reality?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garcia, Rafael A; Eff-Darwich, A; Garrido, R; Jimenez, A; Mathis, S; Mathur, S; Moya, A; Palle, P L; Regulo, C; Salabert, D; Sato, K; Suarez, J C; Turck-Chieze, S

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Over the past 15 years, our knowledge of the interior of the Sun has tremendously progressed by the use of helioseismic measurements. However, to go further in our understanding of the solar core, we need to measure gravity (g) modes. Thanks to the high quality of the Doppler-velocity signal measured by GOLF/SoHO, it has been possible to unveil the signature of the asymptotic properties of the solar g modes, thus obtaining a hint of the rotation rate in the core. However, the quest for the detection of individual g modes is not yet over. In this work, we apply the latest theoretical developments to guide our research using GOLF velocity time series. In contrary to what was thought till now, we are maybe starting to identify individual low-frequency g modes...

  3. Contributions to Sustainability by Communities and Individuals: Problems and Prospects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    MacGregor, D.; Tonn, B.E.

    1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report examines relationships between a comprehensive set of definitions of and viewpoints on the concept of Sustainability and the abilities of communities and individuals in the United States to meet the behavioral prescriptions inherent in these definitions and viewpoints. This research is timely because sustainability is becoming a cornerstone of national and international environmental strategies designed to simultaneously achieve environmental, economic, and social goals. In the United States, many communities have adopted sustainability principles as the foundation for both their environmental protection efforts and their socioeconomic development initiatives. This research is important because it highlights serious problems communities and inviduals may have in achieving sustainability expectations, and illustrates how much work is needed to help communities and individuals overcome numerous considerable and complex constraints to sustainability.

  4. Mechanics of Individual, Isolated Vortices in a Cuprate Superconductor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ophir M. Auslaender; Lan Luan; Eric W. J. Straver; Jennifer E. Hoffman; Nicholas C. Koshnick; Eli Zeldov; Douglas A. Bonn; Ruixing Liang; Walter N. Hardy; Kathryn A. Moler

    2008-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Superconductors often contain quantized microscopic whirlpools of electrons, called vortices, that can be modeled as one-dimensional elastic objects. Vortices are a diverse playground for condensed matter because of the interplay between thermal fluctuations, vortex-vortex interactions, and the interaction of the vortex core with the three-dimensional disorder landscape. While vortex matter has been studied extensively, the static and dynamic properties of an individual vortex have not. Here we employ magnetic force microscopy (MFM) to image and manipulate individual vortices in detwinned, single crystal YBa2Cu3O6.991 (YBCO), directly measuring the interaction of a moving vortex with the local disorder potential. We find an unexpected and dramatic enhancement of the response of a vortex to pulling when we wiggle it transversely. In addition, we find enhanced vortex pinning anisotropy that suggests clustering of oxygen vacancies in our sample and demonstrates the power of MFM to probe vortex structure and microscopic defects that cause pinning.

  5. The Artificial Neural Networks as a tool for analysis of the individual Extensive Air Showers data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tadeusz Wibig

    1996-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

    In that paper we discuss possibilities of using the Artificial Neural Network technic for the individual Extensive Air Showers data evaluation. It is shown that the recently developed new computational methods can be used in studies of EAS registered by very large and complex detector systems. The ANN can be used to classify showers due to e.g. primary particle mass as well as to find a particular EAS parameter like e.g. total muon number. The examples of both kinds of analysis are given and discussed.

  6. Impact of individual, environmental, and policy level factors on healthcare utilization among United States farmworkers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoerster, Katherine D.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Individual, Environmental, and Policy Level Factors onof Individual, Environmental, and Policy Level Factors onindividual, environmental, and policy level correlates of

  7. Southeast Drainage Administrative Record Index

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group currentBradleyTableSelling7 AugustAFRICAN3u ;;;::Sampling atpff!' ;-g2-TAC.

  8. Letter: Walkover Survey, Southeast Drainage

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group currentBradleyTableSelling CorpNewCF INDUSTRIES,L? .-I I2 m.m\ LILTS PlanI9

  9. Advanced reservoir characterization and evaluation of CO{sub 2} gravity drainage in the naturally fractured Spraberry Trend Area. First annual technical progress report, September 1, 1995--August 31, 1996

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schechter, D.S.

    1996-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

    The overall goal of this project is to assess the economic feasibility of CO{sub 2} flooding the naturally fractured Spraberry Trend Area in West Texas. This objective is being accomplished by conducting research in four areas: (1) extensive characterization of the reservoirs, (2) experimental studies of crude oil/brine/rock (COBR) interaction in the reservoirs, (3) analytical and numerical simulation of Spraberry reservoirs, and, (4) experimental investigations on CO{sub 2} gravity drainage in Spraberry whole cores. This report provides results of the first year of the five-year project for each of the four areas.

  10. Robust Dynamical Decoupling Sequences for Individual Nuclear Spin Addressing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Casanova; J. F. Haase; Z. -Y. Wang; M. B. Plenio

    2015-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose the use of non-equally spaced decoupling pulses for high-resolution selective addressing of nuclear spins by a quantum sensor. The analytical model of the basic operating principle is supplemented by detailed numerical studies that demonstrate the high degree of selectivity and the robustness against static and dynamic control field errors of this scheme. We exemplify our protocol with an NV center-based sensor to demonstrate that it enables the identification of individual nuclear spins that form part of a large spin ensemble.

  11. Temperature dependent nucleation and annihilation of individual magnetic vortices.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mihajlovic, G.; Patrick, M. S.; Pearson, J. E.; Novosad, V.; Bader, S. D.; Field, M.; Sullivan, G. J.; Hoffmann, A.; Teledyne Scientific Co., LLC

    2010-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We studied the temperature dependence of the magnetization reversal in individual submicron permalloy disks with micro-Hall and bend-resistance magnetometry. The nucleation field exhibits a nonmonotonic dependence with positive and negative slopes at low and high temperatures, respectively, while the annihilation field monotonically decreases with increasing temperature, but with distinctly different slopes at low and high temperatures. Our analysis suggests that at low temperatures vortex nucleation and annihilation proceeds via thermal activation over an energy barrier, while at high temperatures they are governed by a temperature dependence of the saturation magnetization.

  12. Interplay Of Mean Field And Individual Nucleon Collisions Effects At Intermediate Energy Heavy Ion Reactions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Subotic, K.; Jordanov, D.; Durasevic, M.; Dragosavac, D. [VINCA Institute of Nuclear Sciences, P.O. Box 522, 11001 Belgrade (Serbia and Montenegro); Grabez, B. [Institute of Physics, P.O. Box 57, 11080 Belgrade (Serbia and Montenegro)

    2007-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

    In our study of the reaction 20Ne+27Al at energy of 84 A MeV, the track detectors were used to select the target like fragments arising from processes in which the interacting system becomes disintegrated into a large number of constituent nucleons and one massive fragment. Heavy ion reaction studies at bombarding energies of several tens of MeV/nucleon have provided the evidence that most of reaction cross section, in this energy range, is associated with the production of primary projectile like and target like fragment in the first step of the nuclear reaction. The subsequent evolution of the studied reaction systems, has been usually described either using low energy models based on mean field effects (MFE), or high energy models where reaction proceeds by independent collisions (INC) of individual nucleons in the overlap region between target and projectile. The analysis of our results in terms of different MFE and INC models, prescribing consistent timings, has shown that the reaction mechanism may be defined of interplay of the mean field and individual nucleon collisions effects.

  13. Synergy among international monitoring system technologies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Edenburn, M.W.; Bunting, M.L.; Payne, A.C.; Preston, R.R.; Trost, L.C.

    1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes the results of an International Monitoring System synergy study using Sandia National Laboratory`s IVSEM (Integrated Verification System Evaluation Model). The study compares individual subsystem performance (seismic, infrasound, radionuclide, and hydroacoustic) with integrated system performance. The integrated system exhibits synergy because different sensor technologies cover different locations; thus, the integrated system covers more locations than can any individual subsystem. Energy and system performance can be further enhanced by allowing mixed technology detection and location.

  14. alcohol drinking individuals: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    12; Drinking Water Distribution Systems Hydraulics, Leakage, and Water Quality Issues Life Cycle Assessment for Different Piping Materials Water Demand Analysis due to Water...

  15. Midwest Renewable Energy Tracking System (Multiple States)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Midwest Renewable Energy Tracking System (M-RETS®) tracks renewable energy generation in participating States and Provinces and assists in verifying compliance with individual state/provincial...

  16. Field emission properties of chemical vapor deposited individual graphene

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zamri Yusop, Mohd [Department of Frontier Materials, Nagoya Institute of Technology, Gokiso-cho, Showa-ku, 466-8555 Nagoya (Japan); Department of Materials, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Skudai, Johor (Malaysia); Kalita, Golap, E-mail: kalita.golap@nitech.ac.jp [Department of Frontier Materials, Nagoya Institute of Technology, Gokiso-cho, Showa-ku, 466-8555 Nagoya (Japan); Center for Fostering Young and Innovative Researchers, Nagoya Institute of Technology, Gokiso-cho, Showa-ku, 466-8555 Nagoya (Japan); Yaakob, Yazid; Takahashi, Chisato; Tanemura, Masaki [Department of Frontier Materials, Nagoya Institute of Technology, Gokiso-cho, Showa-ku, 466-8555 Nagoya (Japan)

    2014-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Here, we report field emission (FE) properties of a chemical vapor deposited individual graphene investigated by in-situ transmission electron microscopy. Free-standing bilayer graphene is mounted on a cathode microprobe and FE processes are investigated varying the vacuum gap of cathode and anode. The threshold field for 10?nA current were found to be 515, 610, and 870?V/?m for vacuum gap of 400, 300, and 200?nm, respectively. It is observed that the structural stability of a high quality bilayer graphene is considerably stable during emission process. By contacting the nanoprobe with graphene and applying a bias voltage, structural deformation and buckling are observed with significant rise in temperature owing to Joule heating effect. The finding can be significant for practical application of graphene related materials in emitter based devices as well as understanding the contact resistance influence and heating effect.

  17. Energy Loss of the Electron System in Individual Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Philip

    to significant Joule heating, and hence self-heating effects are important in determining the performance limits of nanotube-based devices. These self-heating effects also provide a tool for studying the nonequilibrium

  18. Infants' use of luminance information in object individuation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Woods, Rebecca Jindalee

    2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    readily processed by the developing visual system. A second hypothesis, the information processing biases hypothesis, suggests that infants are biased to attend to form features because form features provide information that is relevant to reasoning about...

  19. Obstacle penetrating dynamic radar imaging system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Romero, Carlos E. (Livermore, CA); Zumstein, James E. (Livermore, CA); Chang, John T. (Danville, CA); Leach, Jr.. Richard R. (Castro Valley, CA)

    2006-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

    An obstacle penetrating dynamic radar imaging system for the detection, tracking, and imaging of an individual, animal, or object comprising a multiplicity of low power ultra wideband radar units that produce a set of return radar signals from the individual, animal, or object, and a processing system for said set of return radar signals for detection, tracking, and imaging of the individual, animal, or object. The system provides a radar video system for detecting and tracking an individual, animal, or object by producing a set of return radar signals from the individual, animal, or object with a multiplicity of low power ultra wideband radar units, and processing said set of return radar signals for detecting and tracking of the individual, animal, or object.

  20. Measurements of Microbial Community Activities in Individual Soil Macroaggregates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bailey, Vanessa L.; Bilskis, Christina L.; Fansler, Sarah J.; McCue, Lee Ann; Smith, Jeff L.; Konopka, Allan

    2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The functional potential of single soil aggregates may provide insights into the localized distribution of microbial activities better than traditional assays conducted on bulk quantities of soil. Thus, we scaled down enzyme assays for {beta}-glucosidase, N-acetyl-{beta}-D-glucosaminidase, lipase, and leucine aminopeptidase to measure of the enzyme potential of individual aggregates (250-1000 {mu}m diameter). Across all enzymes, the smallest aggregates had the greatest activity and the range of enzyme activities observed in all aggregates supports the hypothesis that functional potential in soil may be distributed in a patchy fashion. Paired analyses of ATP as a surrogate for active microbial biomass and {beta}-glucosidase on the same aggregates suggest the presence of both extracellular {beta}-glucosidase functioning in aggregates with no detectable ATP and also of relatively active microbial communities (high ATP) that have low {beta}-glucosidase potentials. Studying function at a scale more consistent with microbial habitat presents greater opportunity to link microbial community structure to microbial community function.

  1. The Stabilisation Potential of Individual and Mixed Assemblages of Natural Bacteria and Microalgae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    The Stabilisation Potential of Individual and Mixed Assemblages of Natural Bacteria and Microalgae components (heterotrophic bacteria and autotrophic microalgae) in terms of their individual contribution benthic assemblages (prokaryotic, eukaryotic and mixed cultures) of bacteria and microalgae. Mag

  2. Individual innovation in the workplace: the role of performance and image outcome expectations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yuan, Feirong

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    in an integrated fashion based on established theories of individual behavior. This dissertation follows the style and format of the Academy of Management Journal. 2 Second, few studies have directly tested the intermediate processes through which individual...

  3. The Influence of Individual Audit Committee Chairs, CEOs, and CFOs on Corporate Reporting and Operating Decisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lawson, Bradley

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper examines the association between individual managers and corporate reporting and operating decisions. To examine this question, I develop a dataset of 241 individual CEOs and CFOs, as well as audit committee chairs, covering the period...

  4. Information processing systems, reasoning modules, and reasoning system design methods

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hohimer, Ryan E; Greitzer, Frank L; Hampton, Shawn D

    2014-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Information processing systems, reasoning modules, and reasoning system design methods are described. According to one aspect, an information processing system includes working memory comprising a semantic graph which comprises a plurality of abstractions, wherein the abstractions individually include an individual which is defined according to an ontology and a reasoning system comprising a plurality of reasoning modules which are configured to process different abstractions of the semantic graph, wherein a first of the reasoning modules is configured to process a plurality of abstractions which include individuals of a first classification type of the ontology and a second of the reasoning modules is configured to process a plurality of abstractions which include individuals of a second classification type of the ontology, wherein the first and second classification types are different.

  5. Basic and Applied Research Individual and Interdisciplinary Group

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) Center for Joint Services Electronic· Warfare Center for Material Sciences· Center for Measurement Directed Energy Simulation Lab· SEED· Lab Radar/Electronic Warfare Lab· MOVES· Motion-Capture Studio of excellence Aerodynamic Decelerator Systems· Center Center for Asymmetric Warfare· Center for Autonomous

  6. Thermoelectric and structural characterizations of individual electrodeposited bismuth telluride nanowires

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shi, Li

    conductivity as well as experimental verification of theoretical predictions of power factor enhancement and the supporting Pt electrodes. By fitting the measured Seebeck coefficient with a two-band model, the NW samples in quantum wires. Such stringent diameter requirement can be relaxed in other NW systems with longer bulk

  7. Spectral correlations of individual quantum graphs Sven Gnutzmann*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    von Oppen, Felix

    . To date, the most advanced approach in developing cor- respondences between spectral statistic . For classically chaotic systems this empirical statement was promoted to a conjecture by Bohigas, Giannoni in support of this conjecture 11 the physical basis of universality is not yet fully understood theoretically

  8. Individual based model with competition in spatial ecology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dmitri Finkelshtein; Yuri Kondratiev; Oleksandr Kutoviy

    2008-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

    We analyze an interacting particle system with a Markov evolution of birth-and-death type. We have shown that a local competition mechanism (realized via a density dependent mortality) leads to a globally regular behavior of the population in course of the stochastic evolution.

  9. Individualized closed-loop control of propofol anesthesia: A preliminary study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Individualized closed-loop control of propofol anesthesia: A preliminary study Kristian Soltesz a an individualized approach to closed-loop control of depth of hypnosis during propo- fol anesthesia. The novelty of the paper lies in the individualization of the controller at the end of the induction phase of anesthesia

  10. Controlled Manipulation of Individual Vortices in a Superconductor (Article begins on next page)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heller, Eric

    Controlled Manipulation of Individual Vortices in a Superconductor (Article begins on next page, and Kathryn A. Moler. 2008. Controlled manipulation of individual vortices in a superconductor. Applied.InstRepos:dash.current.terms-of- use#OAP #12;Controlled Manipulation of Individual Vortices in a Superconductor E. W. J. Straver,1 J. E

  11. Diabetes mellitus and tuberculosis in countries with high tuberculosis burdens: individual

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, Ted

    Diabetes mellitus and tuberculosis in countries with high tuberculosis burdens: individual risks of type 2 diabetes as an individual-level risk factor for tuberculosis (TB), though evi- dence from the poor, in whom diabetes may be less common. We assessed the relationship between individual-level risk

  12. TECHNICAL REPORT UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA 1 Individual QoS versus Aggregate QoS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guerin, Roch

    TECHNICAL REPORT UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA 1 Individual QoS versus Aggregate QoS: A Loss, the differences that can exist between individual and aggregate loss guarantees in an environment where guarantees of additional resources, e.g., bandwidth or buffer, required to ensure that all individual loss measures remain

  13. Do expert systems impact taxpayer behavior?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olshewsky, Steven J.

    2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Individuals are increasingly using expert system tax programs as a substitute for paid professionals when preparing their income tax returns. This study examines ways that expert systems encourage the same aggressive results documented when paid...

  14. Currituck County- Wind Energy Systems Ordinance

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In January 2008, Currituck County adopted an ordinance to regulate the use of wind-energy systems. The ordinance directs any individual or organization wishing to install a wind-energy system to...

  15. Disposal of fluidized bed combustion ash in an underground mine to control acid mine drainage and subsidence - phase II - small scale field demonstration. Topical report, December 1, 1996--February 28, 1997

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ziemkiewicz, P.F.; Head, W.J.; Gray, D.D.; Siriwardane, H.J.; Sack, W.A.

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    It has been proposed that a mix made from fly and bottom ash from atmospheric pressure fluidized bed coal combusters (FBC ash), water, and stabilizers be injected from the surface into abandoned room and pillar coal mines through boreholes. Besides ash disposal, this process would prevent subsidence and acid mine drainage. Such a mix (called `grout`) needs to be an adequately stable and flowable suspension for it to spread and cover large areas in the mine. This is necessary as the drilling of the boreholes will be an expensive operation and the number such holes should be minimized. Addition of bentonite was found to be needed for this purpose. A suitable grout mix was tested rheologically to determine its fluid flow properties. Finding little published information on such materials, tests were performed using a commercial rotational viscometer with a T-bar rotor and a stand which produced a helical rotor path. Existing mixer viscometer test methods were modified and adapted to convert the measurements of torque vs. angular speed to the material properties appearing in several non-Newtonian constitutive equations. Yield stress was measured by an independent test called the vane method. The rheological behavior was a close fit to the Bingham fluid model. Bleed tests were conducted to ascertain the stability of the mixtures. Spread tests were conducted to compare the flowability of various mixes. Using the flow parameters determined in the laboratory, numerical simulations of grout flow were performed and compared with the results of scale model and field tests. A field injection of this grout was performed at the Fairfax mines in Preston county, W.V.. The observations there proved that this FBC ash grout flows as desired, is a very economical way of disposing the environmentally menacing ash, while also preventing the subsidence and acid mine drainage of the mines.

  16. Remote generation of entanglement for individual atoms via optical fibers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Y. Q. Guo; H. Y. Zhong; Y. H. Zhang; H. S. Song

    2008-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

    The generation of atomic entanglement is discussed in a system that atoms are trapped in separate cavities which are connected via optical fibers. Two distant atoms can be projected to Bell-state by synchronized turning off the local laser fields and then performing a single quantum measurement by a distant controller. The distinct advantage of this scheme is that it works in a regime that $\\Delta\\approx\\kappa\\gg g$, which makes the scheme insensitive to cavity strong leakage. Moreover, the fidelity is not affected by atomic spontaneous emission.

  17. Adaptation of a spatially explicit individual tree-based growth and yield model and long-term comparison between reduced-impact

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for the regulation or control of timber that are compatible with sustainable forest management. We describe with appropriate systems for yield regulation. In the absence of silvicultural treatments, the model suggestsAdaptation of a spatially explicit individual tree-based growth and yield model and long

  18. Dynamic aspects of individual design activities. A cognitive ergonomics viewpoint

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Visser, Willemien

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper focuses on the use of knowledge possessed by designers. Data collection was based on observations (by the cognitive ergonomics researcher) and simultaneous verbalisations (by the designers) in empirical studies conducted in the context of industrial design projects. The contribution of this research is typical of cognitive ergonomics, in that it provides data on actual activities implemented by designers in their actual work situation (rather than on prescribed and/or idealised processes and methods). Data presented concern global strategies (the way in which designers actually organise their activity) and local strategies (reuse in design). Results from cognitive ergonomics and other research that challenges the way in which people are supposed to work with existing systems are generally not received warmly. Abundant corroboration of such results is required before industry may consider taking them into account. The opportunistic organisation of design activity is taken here as an example of this ...

  19. Increasing Water Use Efficiency Through Improved Orifice Design and Operational Procedures for Subirrigation Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilke, O. C.; Hiler, E. A.

    systems were proposed. Drip irrigation lines successfully trailed a center-pivot irrigation system. Also a tractor-mounted implement was developed for moving individual drip irrigation laterals....

  20. Mobile machine hazardous working zone warning system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Schiffbauer, W.H.; Ganoe, C.W.

    1999-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

    A warning system is provided for a mobile working machine to alert an individual of a potentially dangerous condition in the event the individual strays into a hazardous working zone of the machine. The warning system includes a transmitter mounted on the machine and operable to generate a uniform magnetic field projecting beyond an outer periphery of the machine in defining a hazardous working zone around the machine during operation. A receiver, carried by the individual and activated by the magnetic field, provides an alarm signal to alert the individual when he enters the hazardous working zone of the machine. 3 figs.

  1. Mobile machine hazardous working zone warning system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Schiffbauer, William H. (Connellsville, PA); Ganoe, Carl W. (Pittsburgh, PA)

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A warning system is provided for a mobile working machine to alert an individual of a potentially dangerous condition in the event the individual strays into a hazardous working zone of the machine. The warning system includes a transmitter mounted on the machine and operable to generate a uniform magnetic field projecting beyond an outer periphery of the machine in defining a hazardous working zone around the machine during operation thereof. A receiver, carried by the individual and activated by the magnetic field, provides an alarm signal to alert the individual when he enters the hazardous working zone of the machine.

  2. Environmental sensor networks and continuous data quality assurance to manage salinity within a highly regulated river basin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quinn, N.W.T.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Drainage System for Drainage Water Quality Management,quality management using a novel software tool, Aquarius. Commercial turn-key monitoring systems

  3. Security of differential phase shift quantum key distribution against individual attacks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edo Waks; Hiroki Takesue; Yoshihisa Yamamoto

    2005-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    We derive a proof of security for the Differential Phase Shift Quantum Key Distribution (DPSQKD) protocol under the assumption that Eve is restricted to individual attacks. The security proof is derived by bounding the average collision probability, which leads directly to a bound on Eve's mutual information on the final key. The security proof applies to realistic sources based on pulsed coherent light. We then compare individual attacks to sequential attacks and show that individual attacks are more powerful.

  4. UGA Computer Equipment, Software or Services (CESS) Request Form Individual Responsible for CESS Resource and Location

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arnold, Jonathan

    UGA Computer Equipment, Software or Services (CESS) Request Form Individual Responsible for CESS to install and utilize these resources in a manner consistent with established University Computer Security

  5. Predictive microfluidic control of regulatory ligand trajectories in individual pluripotent cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zandstra, Peter W.

    Predictive microfluidic control of regulatory ligand trajectories in individual pluripotent cells microfluidic perfusion culture demonstrated that STAT3 activation and consequently mESC fate were manipulable

  6. Geothermal Electricity Technology Evaluation Model (GETEM) Individual Case Files and Summary Spreadsheet (GETEM version Spring 2013)

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Hanson, Steven CJ

    This group of files-- 10 GETEM individual case files and 1 summary spreadsheet-- contain final data from the revisions between summer 2011 and spring 2013.

  7. Geothermal Electricity Technology Evaluation Model (GETEM) Individual Case Files and Summary Spreadsheet (GETEM version Spring 2013)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hanson, Steven CJ

    2013-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

    This group of files-- 10 GETEM individual case files and 1 summary spreadsheet-- contain final data from the revisions between summer 2011 and spring 2013.

  8. Study Guide for Photovoltaic System Installers and Sample Examination...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    some of the basic cognitive material that individuals who install and maintain PV systems should understand. This information is intended primarily as a study guide to help...

  9. air void system: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    18 Ventilation Air Preconditioning Systems Texas A&M University - TxSpace Summary: with individual functions, with the ventilation coil optimized for moisture removal and the...

  10. The role of plants on isolation barrier systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Link, S.O.; Downs, J.L. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Waugh, W.J. [UNC Chem-Nuclear Geotech, Grand Junction, CO (United States)

    1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Surface barriers are used to isolate buried wastes from the environment. Most have been built for short-term isolation. The need to isolate radioactive wastes from the environment requires that the functional integrity of a barrier be maintained for thousands of years. Barrier function strongly depends on vegetation. Plants reduce wind and water erosion and minimize drainage, but may transport contaminants if roots extend into buried wastes. Our review of the function of plants on surface barriers focuses on the role of plants across mesic to arid environments and gives special consideration to studies done at Hanford. The Hanford Barrier Development Program was created to design and test an earthen cover system to inhibit water infiltration, plant and animal intrusion, and wind and water erosion, while isolating buried wastes for at least 1000 years. Studies at the Hanford have shown that plants will significantly interact with the barrier. Plants transpire soil water back into the atmosphere. Deep-rooted perennials best recycle water; soil water may drain through the root zone of shallow-rooted annuals. Lysimeter studies indicate that a surface layer of fine soil with deep-rooted plants precludes drainage even with three times normal precipitation. The presence of vegetation greatly reduces water and wind erosion, but deep-rooted plants pose a threat of biointrusion and contaminant transport. The Hanford barrier includes a buried rock layer and asphalt layer to prevent biointrusion.

  11. Individual-level and Population-level Historical Prey Demand of San Francisco Estuary Striped Bass Using a Bioenergetics Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of predation by striped bass on fish in the estuary, weper Striped Bass Individual prey fish consumption by stripedby age–2 striped bass, individual prey fish consumption

  12. A Geographic Information System approach to modeling nutrient and sediment transport

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Levine, D.A. [Automated Sciences Group, Inc., Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Hunsaker, C.T.; Beauchamp, J.J. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Timmins, S.P. [Analysas Corp., Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

    1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this study was to develop a water quality model to quantify nonpoint-source (NPS) pollution that uses a geographic information system (GIS) to link statistical modeling of nutrient and sediment delivery with the spatial arrangement of the parameters that drive the model. The model predicts annual nutrient and sediment loading and was developed, calibrated, and tested on 12 watersheds within the Lake Ray Roberts drainage basin in north Texas. Three physiographic regions are represented by these watersheds, and model success, as measured by the accuracy of load estimates, was compared within and across these regions.

  13. On the possible environmental effect in distributing heavy elements beyond individual gaseous halos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Sean D; Mulchaey, John S

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a study of extended galaxy halo gas through HI and OVI absorption over two decades in projected distance at $z\\approx0.2$. The study is based on a sample of $95$ galaxies from a highly complete ($ > 80\\%$) survey of faint galaxies ($L > 0.1L_*$) with archival quasar absorption spectra and $53$ galaxies from the literature. A clear anti-correlation is found between HI (OVI) column density and virial radius normalized projected distance, $d/R_{\\rm h}$. Strong HI (OVI) absorption systems with column densities greater than $10^{14.0}$ ($10^{13.5}$) cm$^{-2}$ are found for $48$ of $54$ ($36$ of $42$) galaxies at $d R_{\\rm h}$ compared to isolated galaxies ($\\kappa_{\\rm OVI}\\approx0.13$ versus $0.04$) but no excess HI absorption. These findings suggest that environmental effects play a role in distributing heavy elements beyond the enriched gaseous halos of individual galaxies. Finally, we find that differential HI and OVI absorption between early- and late-type galaxies continues from $d < R_{\\rm h}$...

  14. Plasmon Spectroscopy and Imaging of Individual Gold Nanodecahedra: A Combined Optical Microscopy,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plasmon Spectroscopy and Imaging of Individual Gold Nanodecahedra: A Combined Optical Microscopy, 75205 Paris Cedex 13, France ABSTRACT: Imaging localized plasmon modes in noble- metal nanoparticles-loss spectroscopy (EELS) to study localized surface plasmons on individual gold nanodecahedra. By exciting surface

  15. Modeling Individual and Group Actions in Meetings: a Two-Layer HMM Framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wrigley, Stuart

    of eight group actions, using a pub- lic five-hour meeting corpus. Experiments and comparison with a singleModeling Individual and Group Actions in Meetings: a Two-Layer HMM Framework Dong Zhang, Daniel. The investigated patterns are in- herently group-based (defined by the individual activities of meeting

  16. Specification of a multilevel model for an individualized didactic planning: case of learning to read

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Specification of a multilevel model for an individualized didactic planning: case of learning approaches (Macroscopic, Mesoscopic and microscopic), to arrive at an individualized didactic planning. We of working session; the second level is concerned by the calculation of sequence of didactic situations types

  17. Uncertainties in using the hodograph method to retrieve gravity wave characteristics from individual soundings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plougonven, Riwal

    Uncertainties in using the hodograph method to retrieve gravity wave characteristics from individual soundings Fuqing Zhang and Shuguang Wang Department of Atmospheric Sciences, Texas A&M University] The hodograph method is commonly used to retrieve inertio-gravity wave characteristics from individual vertical

  18. Consequences of altered temperature and food conditions for individuals and populations: a Dynamic Energy Budget

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kreft, Holger

    mortalities. 2. A Dynamic Energy Budget Model (DEBM) was used for simulations at the individual level. WeConsequences of altered temperature and food conditions for individuals and populations: a Dynamic simulated the conditions observed in the Rhine in 2003, when there was a severe heat wave and a mass

  19. Biomass and Bioenergy 31 (2007) 646655 Estimating biomass of individual pine trees using airborne lidar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Biomass and Bioenergy 31 (2007) 646­655 Estimating biomass of individual pine trees using airborne biomass and bio-energy feedstocks. The overall goal of this study was to develop a method for assessing aboveground biomass and component biomass for individual trees using airborne lidar data in forest settings

  20. Individual differences, judgment biases, and theory-of-mind: Deconstructing the intentional action side effect asymmetry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knobe, Joshua

    Individual differences, judgment biases, and theory-of-mind: Deconstructing the intentional action-5697, USA a r t i c l e i n f o Keywords: Judgment Decision making Theory-of-mind Knobe effect Individual.g. when a chairman's pursuit of profits harms the environment) it tends to influence theory-of-mind

  1. Moderate threat causes longer lasting disruption to processing in anxious individuals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bishop, Sonia

    Moderate threat causes longer lasting disruption to processing in anxious individuals Sophie: Forster S, Castle E, Nunez-elizalde AO and Bishop SJ(2014) Moderate threat causes longer lasting in anxiety1 Moderate threat causes longer lasting disruption to processing2 in anxious individuals.3 Sophie

  2. Individual Reproductive Success of Largemouth Bass and Smallmouth Bass Subjected to Different Components of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cooke, Steven J.

    Individual Reproductive Success of Largemouth Bass and Smallmouth Bass Subjected to Different of angling for largemouth bass Micropterus salmoides and smallmouth bass M. dolomieu has led to concerns about the effects it may have on fish populations, including the realized fitness of individuals

  3. A generalized logistic model of individual tree mortality for aspen, white spruce, and lodgepole

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Macdonald, Ellen

    A generalized logistic model of individual tree mortality for aspen, white spruce, and lodgepole: A generalized logistic model of individual tree mortality was developed for trembling aspen (Populus tremuloides aspen (Populus tremuloides Michx), white spruce (Picea glauca (Moench) Voss), and lodgepole pine (Pinus

  4. Transportation of Chemicals EHS has been made aware of two occurrences of individuals attempting to transport

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maroncelli, Mark

    Transportation of Chemicals EHS has been made aware of two occurrences of individuals attempting to transport chemicals improperly. These occurrences could have resulted in serious injury to the individuals or could have resulted in violations with the rules and regulations governing the transportation

  5. Field emission of individual carbon nanotube with in situ tip image and real work function

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Zhong L.

    Field emission of individual carbon nanotube with in situ tip image and real work function Zhi Xu August 2005; published online 10 October 2005 The field emission properties of individual multiwalled work functions at tips by the in situ transmission electron microscopy method. The field emission

  6. Individual Pitch Control for Mitigation of Power Fluctuation of Variable Speed Wind Turbines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hu, Weihao

    Individual Pitch Control for Mitigation of Power Fluctuation of Variable Speed Wind Turbines, China mcheng@seu.edu.cn Abstract-- Grid connected wind turbines are the sources of power fluctuations presents an individual pitch control (IPC) strategy to mitigate the wind turbine power fluctuation at both

  7. Energy trading and information systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This document contains reports which were presented at the meeting on Energy Trading and Information Systems. Topics were concerned with the importance and use of information systems to the natural gas industry. Individual papers have been processed separately for the United States Department of Energy databases.

  8. Individual Event

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC) EnvironmentalGyroSolé(tm)HydrogenRFP »summerlectures [ICO] NameIndirect

  9. GOVERNMENT OF MALAYSIA DEPARTMENT OF IRRIGATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Julien, Pierre Y.

    , construction, operations and maintenance of large volume water management systems for irrigation, drainageGOVERNMENT OF MALAYSIA DEPARTMENT OF IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE Jabatan Pengairan dan Saliran Malaysia; Coastal Management; Hydrology and Water Resources; Irrigation and Agricultural Drainage; Geotechnical

  10. Reuse of Treated Internal or External Wastewaters in the Cooling Systems of Coal-Based Thermoelectric Power Plants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Radisav Vidic; David Dzombak; Ming-Kai Hsieh; Heng Li; Shih-Hsiang Chien; Yinghua Feng; Indranil Chowdhury; Jason Monnell

    2009-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    This study evaluated the feasibility of using three impaired waters - secondary treated municipal wastewater, passively treated abandoned mine drainage (AMD), and effluent from ash sedimentation ponds at power plants - for use as makeup water in recirculating cooling water systems at thermoelectric power plants. The evaluation included assessment of water availability based on proximity and relevant regulations as well as feasibility of managing cooling water quality with traditional chemical management schemes. Options for chemical treatment to prevent corrosion, scaling, and biofouling were identified through review of current practices, and were tested at bench and pilot-scale. Secondary treated wastewater is the most widely available impaired water that can serve as a reliable source of cooling water makeup. There are no federal regulations specifically related to impaired water reuse but a number of states have introduced regulations with primary focus on water aerosol 'drift' emitted from cooling towers, which has the potential to contain elevated concentrations of chemicals and microorganisms and may pose health risk to the public. It was determined that corrosion, scaling, and biofouling can be controlled adequately in cooling systems using secondary treated municipal wastewater at 4-6 cycles of concentration. The high concentration of dissolved solids in treated AMD rendered difficulties in scaling inhibition and requires more comprehensive pretreatment and scaling controls. Addition of appropriate chemicals can adequately control corrosion, scaling and biological growth in ash transport water, which typically has the best water quality among the three waters evaluated in this study. The high TDS in the blowdown from pilot-scale testing units with both passively treated mine drainage and secondary treated municipal wastewater and the high sulfate concentration in the mine drainage blowdown water were identified as the main challenges for blowdown disposal. Membrane treatment (nanofiltration or reverse osmosis) can be employed to reduce TDS and sulfate concentrations to acceptable levels for reuse of the blowdown in the cooling systems as makeup water.

  11. Multi-temporal Terrestrial Lidar for Estimating Individual Tree Dimensions and Biomass Change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Srinivasan, Shruthi

    2013-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

    -destructive methods. This study developed algorithms to extract individual tree height, diameter at breast height (DBH), and crown width in plots at Ecosystem Science and Management (ESSM) research area and Huntsville, Texas. Further, the influence of scan settings...

  12. Brain covariance selection: better individual functional connectivity models using population prior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Brain covariance selection: better individual functional connectivity models using population prior bertrand.thirion@inria.fr Abstract Spontaneous brain activity, as observed in functional neuroimaging, has been shown to display reproducible structure that expresses brain architecture and car- ries markers

  13. Nuts and Bolts of Directed Research, Internship, Individual Study, Undergraduate Teaching Internship and Honors Thesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Toole, Alice J.

    of individual study courses during one semester. · The CGS/NSC/PSY/SPAU 4394 Internship courses status. Internship ­ PSY 4394: Definition: May be repeated, and is taken on a credit/no credit basis

  14. Microbial individuality: how single-cell heterogeneity enables population level strategies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martins, Bruno M. C.; Locke, James C. W.

    2015-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

    A,B). Technologies that deliver individual cell resolution data, such as time-lapse microscopy, flow cytometry, microfluidics and single-cell RNA-seq, are being increasingly used to precisely quantify cell-to-cell heterogeneity in isogenic...

  15. Group Speech Therapy in Individuals With Parkinson Disease: Face-to-Face Versus Telemedicine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilson, Kristel Renee

    2008-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of group speech therapy for individuals with Parkinson Disease (IWPD) in general and to compare outcomes of group treatment delivered face-to-face (FtF) versus delivery ...

  16. Factors associated with mosquito net use by individuals in households owning nets in Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Graves, Patricia M; Ngondi, Jeremiah M; Hwang, Jimee; Getachew, Asefaw; Gebre, Teshome; Mosher, Aryc W; Patterson, Amy E; Shargie, Estifanos B; Tadesse, Zerihun; Wolkon, Adam; Reithinger, Richard; Emerson, Paul M; Richards, Frank O Jr

    2011-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Abstract Background Ownership of insecticidal mosquito nets has dramatically increased in Ethiopia since 2006, but the proportion of persons with access to such nets who use them has declined. It is important to understand individual level net use...

  17. Explorations on collective order for individual identity--an alternative approach for housing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garcia Marquez, Josefina

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis is an exploration on generative collective order as establishing a physical built framework for individual identity. The emphasis on the collective stems from the premise that while incremental building may be ...

  18. Examining Employer Attitudes and Valued Employability Skills For Individuals With and Without Disabilities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ju, Song

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation presents three separate studies designed to examine perspectives on employment for individuals with disabilities from employers and educators. First, a literature review was conducted on the studies published in the past decade...

  19. Magnetism of individual atoms adsorbed on surfaces Harald Brune a,*, Pietro Gambardella b

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brune, Harald

    Magnetism of individual atoms adsorbed on surfaces Harald Brune a,*, Pietro Gambardella b history: Available online 10 February 2009 Keywords: Magnetic impurities Magnetic anisotropy Spin­orbit coupling Dilute magnetic semiconductors Spin excitation spectroscopy Spin-polarized transport Quantized

  20. Chemistry Research Projects Available to Undergraduates Consult Individual Faculty Members' Web Sites for More Details

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crawford, T. Daniel

    . · Applications to solar energy conversion or electrocatalysis. · Design and synthesis of mixedmetal and photochemical energy storage. · Particular emphasis is placed on probing the propertiesChemistry Research Projects Available to Undergraduates Consult Individual Faculty Members' Web

  1. Relationship among religious coping, psychosocial factors, and quality of life in individuals with type 2 diabetes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lager, Julia M.

    2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship among religious coping, acceptance of diabetes, social support, diabetes management, and quality of life among individuals with type 2 diabetes (T2DM). Religious coping, acceptance...

  2. Perspectives of Five Stakeholder Groups: Challenging Behavior of Individuals with Mental Retardatoin and/or Autism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ruef, Michael B.; Turnbull, Ann P.; Turnbull, H. Rutherford; Poston, Denise J.

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Data from five focus groups, each representing a different stakeholder constituency interested in the challenging behavior of individuals with mental retardation and/or autism, were reported. Emergent themes across ...

  3. Examining individual and ecological predictors of the self-determination of students with disabilities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shogren, Karrie A.; Wehmeyer, Michael L.; Palmer, Susan B.; Soukup, Jane Helen; Little, Todd D.; Garner, Nancy; Lawrence, Margaret

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This article examines the impact of multiple individual and ecological factors on the self-determination of students with learning disabilities, mild and moderate mental retardation, and other health impairments. Baseline ...

  4. Technology reviews: Glazing systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schuman, J.; Rubinstein, F.; Papamichael, K.; Beltran, L.; Lee, E.S.; Selkowitz, S.

    1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a representative review of existing, emerging, and future technology options in each of five hardware and systems areas in envelope and lighting technologies: lighting systems, glazing systems, shading systems, daylighting optical systems, and dynamic curtain wall systems. The term technology is used here to describe any design choice for energy efficiency, ranging from individual components to more complex systems to general design strategies. The purpose of this task is to characterize the state of the art in envelope and lighting technologies in order to identify those with promise for advanced integrated systems, with an emphasis on California commercial buildings. For each technology category, the following activities have been attempted to the extent possible: Identify key performance characteristics and criteria for each technology; determine the performance range of available technologies; identify the most promising technologies and promising trends in technology advances; examine market forces and market trends; and develop a continuously growing in-house database to be used throughout the project. A variety of information sources have been used in these technology characterizations, including miscellaneous periodicals, manufacturer catalogs and cut sheets, other research documents, and data from previous computer simulations. We include these different sources in order to best show the type and variety of data available, however publication here does not imply our guarantee of these data. Within each category, several broad classes are identified, and within each class we examine the generic individual technologies that fag into that class.

  5. Technology reviews: Shading systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schuman, J.; Rubinstein, F.; Papamichael, K.; Beltran, L.; Lee, E.S.; Selkowitz, S.

    1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a representative review of existing, emerging, and future technology options in each of five hardware and systems areas in envelope and lighting technologies: lighting systems, glazing systems, shading systems, daylighting optical systems, and dynamic curtain wall systems. The term technology is used here to describe any design choice for energy efficiency, ranging from individual components to more complex systems to general design strategies. The purpose of this task is to characterize the state of the art in envelope and lighting technologies in order to identify those with promise for advanced integrated systems, with an emphasis on California commercial buildings. For each technology category, the following activities have been attempted to the extent possible: Identify key performance characteristics and criteria for each technology. Determine the performance range of available technologies. Identify the most promising technologies and promising trends in technology advances. Examine market forces and market trends. Develop a continuously growing in-house database to be used throughout the project. A variety of information sources have been used in these technology characterizations, including miscellaneous periodicals, manufacturer catalogs and cut sheets, other research documents, and data from previous computer simulations. We include these different sources in order to best show the type and variety of data available, however publication here does not imply our guarantee of these data. Within each category, several broad classes are identified, and within each class we examine the generic individual technologies that fall into that class.

  6. Artificial Immune System based urban traffic control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Negi, Pallav

    2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

    traffic. The traffic was micro-simulated with each car on a two junction road system modeled individually. The cars themselves were programmed with 'personalities' to better simulate real traffic. A novel AIS was developed to detect, predict, and control...

  7. Impacts of Water Levels on Breeding Canada Geese and the Methodology for Mitigation and Enhancement in the Flathead Drainage, 1984 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mackey, Dennis L.

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The lower Flathead System Canada Goose Study was initiated to determine population trends and the effects of water level fluctuations on nest and brood habitat on the southern half of Flathead Lake and the lower Flathead River as a result of the operations of Kerr Dam. This report presents data collected during the 1984 field season as part of an ongoing project. Geese used Pablo, Kicking Horse, Ninepipe Reservoirs heavily during late summer and fall. Use of the river by geese was high during the winter, when the reservoirs were frozen, and during the breeding period. Most breeding geese left the river after broods fledged. Thirteen percent of the artificial tree nest structures on the river were used by nesting geese. Goose nest initiation on the river peaked the last week in March through the first week in April, and hatching peaked the first week in May. Predation was the most significant cause of nest loss on the river, and nest loss by flooding was not observed. Avian predation was the single largest factor contributing to nest loss on the lake. Habitat use was studied in 4 brood areas on the river and 8 brood areas on the lake, and available habitat was assessed for 2 portions of both the lake and the river. Brood habitat use was significantly different from the available habitat in all areas studied. On the lower river, broods used wheat fields, gravel bars, and shrub habitats. On the upper river, coniferous forest and shrub habitats were preferred. On the West Bay of the lake, brood areas consisted primarily of lawns and tall herbaceous habitat, while on the South Bay, marshes dominated the brood areas studied. Water levels on the river and lake affect both accessibility of these areas to brooding geese, and the ecology of the habitats preferred by geese. 43 refs., 24 figs., 31 tabs.

  8. Portfolio sire selection to maximize the utility of individual management and breeding goals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bloom, Andrew Scott

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    PORTFOLIO SIRE SELECTION TO MAXIMIZE THE UTILITY OF INDIVIDUAL MANAGEMENT AND BREEDING GOALS A Thesis by ANDREW SCOTT BLOOM Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1988 Major Subject: Dairy Science PORTFOLIO SIRE SELECTION TO MAXIMIZE THE UTILITY OF INDIVIDUAL MANAGEMENT AND BREEDING GOALS A Thesis by ANDREW SCOTT BLOOM Approved as to style and content by: michael A...

  9. Shaking things up: young infants' use of sound information for object individuation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Tracy Rebecca

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    SHAKING THINGS UP: YOUNG INFANTS? USE OF SOUND INFORMATION FOR OBJECT INDIVIDUATION A Thesis by TRACY REBECCA SMITH Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 2007 Major Subject: Psychology SHAKING THINGS UP: YOUNG INFANTS? USE OF SOUND INFORMATION FOR OBJECT INDIVIDUATION A Thesis by TRACY REBECCA SMITH Submitted to the Office...

  10. Computerized procedures system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lipner, Melvin H. (Monroeville, PA); Mundy, Roger A. (North Huntingdon, PA); Franusich, Michael D. (Upper St. Clair, PA)

    2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

    An online data driven computerized procedures system that guides an operator through a complex process facility's operating procedures. The system monitors plant data, processes the data and then, based upon this processing, presents the status of the current procedure step and/or substep to the operator. The system supports multiple users and a single procedure definition supports several interface formats that can be tailored to the individual user. Layered security controls access privileges and revisions are version controlled. The procedures run on a server that is platform independent of the user workstations that the server interfaces with and the user interface supports diverse procedural views.

  11. Optimum combination of leasing systems on public lands

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McDonald, S.L.

    1984-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Bonus bidding for oil and gas leases on public lands has been a reasonably satisfactory system for capturing the average rent available while being neutral with respect to economic decisions such as abandonment. However, it places a heavy burden of risk and uncertainty on the lessee. There is some reason to believe that social gains are to be had from shifting some of the risk and uncertainty to the lessors (governmental units). Profit-share or royalty bidding tends to accomplish such a shift. However, optimality seems to call for a combination of bonus bidding and profit-share (or royalty) bidding, the latter on wildcat tracts and the former on drainage tracts. Profit-share bidding is somewhat superior to royalty bidding, and the best definition of ''profit'' for the purpose is profits in excess of a normal return on investment. The combination suggested above may be especially desirable in a program of accelerated leasing of public lands. 2 figs.

  12. ARM: Fractional cloud cover, clear-sky and all-sky shortwave flux for each of 25 individual SGP facilities.

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Gaustad, Krista; Gaustad, Krista; McFarlane, Sally; McFarlane, Sally

    Fractional cloud cover, clear-sky and all-sky shortwave flux for each of 25 individual SGP facilities.

  13. Air Pollution Accountability and Compliance Tracking System (A-PACT System)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organization) data to estimate pollution of individual sources and Compliance Tracking (A-PACT) System references existing standardized pollutant index databases using approaching and departing aircraft within designated boundaries surrounding the international airport

  14. Active optical zoom system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wick, David V.

    2005-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

    An active optical zoom system changes the magnification (or effective focal length) of an optical imaging system by utilizing two or more active optics in a conventional optical system. The system can create relatively large changes in system magnification with very small changes in the focal lengths of individual active elements by leveraging the optical power of the conventional optical elements (e.g., passive lenses and mirrors) surrounding the active optics. The active optics serve primarily as variable focal-length lenses or mirrors, although adding other aberrations enables increased utility. The active optics can either be LC SLMs, used in a transmissive optical zoom system, or DMs, used in a reflective optical zoom system. By appropriately designing the optical system, the variable focal-length lenses or mirrors can provide the flexibility necessary to change the overall system focal length (i.e., effective focal length), and therefore magnification, that is normally accomplished with mechanical motion in conventional zoom lenses. The active optics can provide additional flexibility by allowing magnification to occur anywhere within the FOV of the system, not just on-axis as in a conventional system.

  15. Safe end treatments for roadside drainage culverts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackson, Benito

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    -of-control vehicle. The culvert installations tested were a corrugated metal pipe culvert and a concrete box culvert. Tests were conducted in accordance with nationally recognized test procedures, and the results were eval- uated based on the impact performance... with a 1971 Vega, 20 mph 7 Plan View of Preliminary Culvert Test Pit for Test 1 8 Culvert Test Pit, Test 1 9 Plan View of Site for Test 1 10 Corrugated Metal Pipe Culvert Test Pit Setup for Simulation of Nongrated Culvert 12 1974 Honda Civic, Test...

  16. Mineralogical transformations controlling acid mine drainage...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Chemical extractions, X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) were used to identify and characterize Fe(III)...

  17. Letter: Post-Cleanup Evaluation, Southeast Drainage.

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group currentBradleyTableSelling CorpNewCF INDUSTRIES,L? .-I I2 m.m\ LILTS PlanI9

  18. Beijing Drainage Group | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof EnergyInnovation in Carbon CaptureAtriaPowerBean CommercialBeijingChangjiangBeijing

  19. Environmental and Microbiological Characteristics of Managed Urban Turfgrass Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caster, Stephen

    2010-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

    fields???????.. 36 11 Dissolved organic phosphorus (DOP) in soil solutions and drainage water samples????????????..??????????????. 37 12 Dissolved inorganic nitrogen (DIN) in soil solutions and drainage water samples...??????????..????????????????. 40 ix FIGURE Page 13 Comparison of dissolved organic nitrogen (DON) and dissolved inorganic nitrogen (DIN) for the soccer field and softball field, to applied nitrogen (N) fertilizer for the soccer field and softball...

  20. Optimal meter placement and transaction-based loss allocation in deregulated power system operation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ding, Qifeng

    2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    ) and accordingly the incurred losses are fairly allocated back to individual transactions. IEEE test systems have been used to verify the effectiveness of the proposed method....

  1. Designing PV Incentive Programs to Promote System Performance: A Review of Current Practice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barbose, Galen; Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2006. “The Value of Photovoltaic Performance Certification (2005. “Performance Monitoring of 900 Individual Photovoltaicthe performance of customer-sited photovoltaic (PV) systems,

  2. determines the number of sodium spikes fired per event by individual cells (Maruta

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oertner, Thomas

    determines the number of sodium spikes fired per event by individual cells (Maruta et al., 2007; Mathy et al., 2009) and may thereby mediate the direction and speed of learning in Purkinje cells (Mathy, apparently even down to the level of electrical synapses of the infe- rior olive (Lefler et al., 2014; Mathy

  3. J Am Cerom Soc 73 [lo] 3026-32 (19901 Electrical Properties of Individual Zinc Oxide

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rohrer, Gregory S.

    properties of single interfaces and grain boundaries. [Keywords: grain boundaries, zinc oxide, varistors semiconductor, zinc oxide (ZnO), which is used commercially as a varistor material. This is an excellentJ Am Cerom Soc 73 [lo] 3026-32 (19901 Electrical Properties of Individual Zinc Oxide Grain

  4. Brain covariance selection: better individual functional connectivity models using population prior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brain covariance selection: better individual functional connectivity models using population prior.thirion@inria.fr Abstract Spontaneous brain activity, as observed in functional neuroimaging, has been shown to display reproducible structure that expresses brain architecture and car- ries markers of brain pathologies

  5. Monitoring individual human cells during exposure to environmental organic toxins: Synchrotron FTIR spectromicroscopy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for Environmental Biotechnology, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720 b Dept. of MaterialMonitoring individual human cells during exposure to environmental organic toxins: Synchrotron FTIR) are ubiquitous environmental toxins that are known rodent carcinogens and suspected human carcinogens. Human

  6. INTRAMURALSSpring Team Sports* Registration accepted for teams or "free agent" individuals. $25 registration fee required

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lawrence, Rick L.

    INTRAMURALSSpring Team Sports* Registration accepted for teams or "free agent" individuals. $25 registration fee required for all teams: due upon team registration online. (Refundable if no games the team manager via email or text message (through the website). Call the Equipment Room at 994

  7. INTRAMURALSFall Team Sports* Registration accepted for teams or "free agent" individuals. $25 registration fee required

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    INTRAMURALSFall Team Sports* Registration accepted for teams or "free agent" individuals. $25 registration fee required for all teams: due upon team registration online. (Refundable if no games the team manager via email or text message (through the website). Call the Equipment Room at 994

  8. INTRAMURALSSummer Team Sports* Registration accepted for teams or "free agent" individuals. $25 registration fee required

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    INTRAMURALSSummer Team Sports* Registration accepted for teams or "free agent" individuals. $25 registration fee required for all teams: due upon team registration online. (Refundable if no games the team manager via email or text message. Recreational Sports & Fitness 120 Marga Hosaeus Fitness Center

  9. Life Exposures to Traumatic Events and Chronic Strains Among Older Mexican-Origin Individuals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garcia, Marc

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    affects the physical health outcomes of Latinos. This thesis examines the extent to which traumatic life events and chronic strains affect the physical health outcomes of foreign-born and native-born Mexican-origin individuals (age 45 an older) residing...

  10. Large-Scale Analysis of Individual and Task Differences in Search Result Page Examination Strategies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dumais, Susan

    Large-Scale Analysis of Individual and Task Differences in Search Result Page Examination users examine results which are similar to those observed in small-scale studies. Our findings have differences on search result page examination strategies is important in develop- ing improved search engines

  11. Individual Vocal Recognition and the Effect of Partial Lesions to HVc on Discrimination, Learning,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gentner, Timothy

    perception in a context that draws on the rich behavioral ecology of songbirds is to examine the behavioral Neurobiol 42: 117­133, 2000 Keywords: birdsong; auditory perception; individual recognition; HVc the proximate mechanisms of song perception in adult birds. One way to study the proximate basis of song

  12. Optical Recording from Individual Neurons in Culture Andrew Bullen and Peter Saggau

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hayar, Abdallah

    Chapter 4 Optical Recording from Individual Neurons in Culture Andrew Bullen and Peter Saggau s Introduction Methods for optically recording dynamic processes in single living neurons must be considered), the nature of the information required (e.g., qualitative or quantitative) and the optical indicator best

  13. Enhanced Thermal Conductivity of Water with Surfactant Encapsulated and Individualized Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube Dispersions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maruyama, Shigeo

    experimentally using a transient hot wire technique at room temperature. Single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs] Maruyama.S, Kojima.R, Miyauchi.Y, Chiashi.S, Kohno.M, Low temperature synthesis of high purity singleEnhanced Thermal Conductivity of Water with Surfactant Encapsulated and Individualized Single

  14. Vulnerability of Xylem Vessels to Cavitation in Sugar Maple. Scaling from Individual Vessels to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Melcher, Peter

    nega- tive pressures (Dixon and Joly, 1895; Briggs, 1950) allows plants to power the movement of water to withstand tension-induced cavitation is typ- ically inferred from "vulnerability curves" generatedVulnerability of Xylem Vessels to Cavitation in Sugar Maple. Scaling from Individual Vessels

  15. Individualization of textural and reactional microdomains in eclogites from the Bergen Arcs (Norway): Consequences for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demouchy, Sylvie

    Individualization of textural and reactional microdomains in eclogites from the Bergen Arcs (Norway in Caledonian eclogites from the Linda°s Nappe, Bergen Arcs, Norway, in order to investigate processes in eclogites from the Bergen Arcs (Norway): Consequences for Rb/Sr and Ar/Ar radiochronometer behavior during

  16. Optical measurement of biomechanical properties of individual erythrocytes from a sickle cell patient

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dao, Ming

    . 1. Introduction Sickle cell disease (SCD) or sickle cell anemia is an inherited autosomal bloodOptical measurement of biomechanical properties of individual erythrocytes from a sickle cell July 2012 Available online 20 July 2012 Keywords: Sickle cell disease Red blood cell Cell biomechanics

  17. The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission The ADA: Your Employment Rights as an Individual

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pantaleone, Jim

    The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission The ADA: Your Employment Rights as an Individual With a Disability The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA) makes it unlawful to discriminate in employment is enforced by the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission and State and local civil rights enforcement

  18. PREDICTING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF HYDROXYUREA IN INDIVIDUAL SICKLE CELL ANEMIA PATIENTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Valafar, Faramarz

    1 PREDICTING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF HYDROXYUREA IN INDIVIDUAL SICKLE CELL ANEMIA PATIENTS Homayoun patients with sickle cell anemia. The study described in this paper was undertaken to develop the ability therapy in patients with sickle cell anemia. Adult hemoglobin (HbA) is a tetrameric protein composed

  19. 2006-01-0013 Six Degrees Crankshaft Individual Air Fuel Ratio Estimation of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , and the exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) rate. Further, for forthcoming HCCI engines and regeneration filters. In this context, individual cylinder AFR estimation can give crucial information to get the HCCI running better manifold). The observer is validated experimentally on a 4 cylinder HCCI engine. As a conclusion, we

  20. Available online at www.sciencedirect.com Individual differences influence collective behaviour in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nicolis, Stamatios C.

    and carbohydrate or lacking digestible carbohydrate. Individual caterpillars responded to the diet treatment of caterpillars a binary choice between two equal food sources, either containing a balanced ratio of protein a compromise between maintaining colony cohesion and optimizing food location and diet balancing. Ó 2008

  1. Research on RJ has recently focused on the physiological functions of its individual

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Research on RJ has recently focused on the physiological functions of its individual proteins, particularly those of the most abun- dant protein, named MRJP1 (Major Royal Jelly Protein). It represents 48% of the water- soluble proteins of RJ, while appearing as a single protein on Sodium Dodecyl Sulphate Polyacryl

  2. John Dos Passos' theme of individual freedom in American society in the novel Midcentury

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rundt, Antoinette Hasselbach

    1967-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    JOHN DOS PASSOS' THEME OF INDIVIDUAL P3EEDM IN AMERICAN SOCIETI IN THE NOVEL ~~~+ A Thesie by ANTOINETTE H, RUNDT Submitted to the graduate College of the Texas A&M University in Partial fulfillment of the rea . irements &or the degree...

  3. Adaptation and Validation of an Agent Model of Functional State and Performance for Individuals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Treur, Jan

    functional state model to the individual and validation of the resulting model. First, human experiments have mostly qualitative theories from Psychology, but was not validated yet using human experiments been performed by taking a number of steps. First of all, an experiment with 31 human subjects has been

  4. Technical note: Characterizing individual milk fat globules with holographic video microscopy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grier, David

    Technical note: Characterizing individual milk fat globules with holographic video microscopy Fook representation of holographic video microscopy. The sample scatters light from a collimated laser beam. Both to a video camera, which records their interference as a hologram. A typical example of one fat droplet

  5. Mitigation of Fatigue Loads Using Individual Pitch Control of Wind Turbines Based on FAST

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Zhe

    Mitigation of Fatigue Loads Using Individual Pitch Control of Wind Turbines Based on FAST Yunqian University, China jiz@seu.edu.cn Abstract-With the increase of wind turbine dimension and capacity, the wind turbine structures are subjected to prominent loads and fatigue which would reduce the lifetime of wind

  6. POLICY FOR INDIVIDUALS WITH DISABILITIES Clemson University prohibits discrimination against any employee or applicant for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolding, M. Chad

    POLICY FOR INDIVIDUALS WITH DISABILITIES Clemson University prohibits discrimination against any, layoff or termination - would be in violation of the University's policy. Clemson University will treat feels discriminated against or who has a policy related question should contact the Office of Access

  7. The Role of Transverse Occipital Sulcus in Scene Perception and Its Relationship to Object Individuation in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, Yaoda

    these areas relate to each other. Two such regions are the transverse occipital sulcus (TOS) scene area and inferior intraparietal sul- cus (IPS). TOS exhibits similar activation patterns to the scene selective localized TOS and inferior IPS in individual participants and examined the degree of overlap between

  8. Ambient-Processed Colloidal Quantum Dot Solar Cells via Individual Pre-Encapsulation of Nanoparticles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ambient-Processed Colloidal Quantum Dot Solar Cells via Individual Pre-Encapsulation, 2010; E-mail: ted.sargent@utoronto.ca Solution-processed solar cells employing colloidal quantum dots-junction and tandem solar cells both rely on IR-band-gap semiconductors, there has been much recent emphasis

  9. Individual and competitive adsorption of phosphate and arsenate on goethite in artificial seawater

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Long, Bernard

    Individual and competitive adsorption of phosphate and arsenate on goethite in artificial seawater and arsenate adsorption on goethite was studied in single batch experiments at 25 jC upon the addition of Ca2 predicts the phosphate and arsenate adsorption behaviours in the PO4 ­SO4 ­goethite and AsO4 ­Ca­goethite

  10. Controlled manipulation of individual vortices in a superconductor E. W. J. Straver,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moler, Kathryn A.

    Controlled manipulation of individual vortices in a superconductor E. W. J. Straver,1 J. E. Hoffman semiconductor,7 while vortices adjacent to an elec- tron gas in a quantum-Hall state may allow the creation on a cantilever with a sharp magnetic tip, such that scanning the cantilever at a constant height z above

  11. Space Heaters The University recognizes that individuals have different levels of comfort associated with

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Lijser, Peter

    for space heating. 14. Do not use space heaters or any other electric appliance around water. 15Space Heaters The University recognizes that individuals have different levels of comfort associated with temperature and heat. The use of electric space heaters as a temporary measure is permitted

  12. Energy, Environmental & Economic Systems Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for analyzing integrated energy and electricity systems. Worldwide Use of ENPEP ENPEP is used around the world and government analysts are using the model for energy planning. Further, the World Bank and other lending and consumption activities independently, each optimizing individual objectives. ENPEP-BALANCE finds its solution

  13. Field performance of a geosynthetic clay liner landfill capping system under simulated waste subsidence

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Weiss, W. [Hochschule fur Architektur und Bauwesen (Germany); Siegmund, M. [Materialforschungs - und, Prufanstalt (Germany); Alexiew, D.

    1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A flexible landfill capping system consisting of a 3-D-geocore composite for gas vent, a Geosynthetic Clay Liner (GCL) for sealing and a 3-D-geocore composite for drainage of the vegetation soil was built on a test field at Michelshoehe landfill near Weimar, Germany. At four locations airbags were installed underneath the thin capping system to simulate subsidences. On top of three of these airbags overlaps of the GCL were positioned, for comparison there was no overlap at the fourth location. After hydratation of the GCL the airbags were de-aerated and subsidences occurred with app. 5 % tensile strain in the GCL. For three weeks the test field was intensively sprinkled in intervals. Then horizontal and vertical deformations were measured, but not displacements were registered in the overlaps. The evaluation of the GCL`s permeability showed no significant difference between the locations with and without overlaps.

  14. Comparison of synchrotron x-ray microanalysis with electron and proton microscopy for individual particle analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Janssens, K.H.; van Langevelde, F.; Adams, F.C. (Universitaire Instelling Antwerpen, Antwerp (Belgium)); Vis, R.D. (Vrije Univ., Amsterdam (Netherlands)); Sutton, S.R.; Rivers, M.L. (Chicago Univ., IL (United States)); Jones, K.W. (Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States)); Bowen, D.K. (Warwick Univ., Coventry (United Kingdom))

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper is concerned with the evaluation of the use of synchrotron/radiation induced x-ray fluorescences ({mu}-SRXRF) as implemented at two existing X-ray microprobes for the analysis of individual particles. As representative environmental particulates, National Institutes of Science and Technology (NIST) K227, K309, K441 and K961 glass microspheres were analyzed using two types of X-ray micro probes: the white light microprobe at beamline X26A of the monochromatic (15 keV) X-ray microprobe at station 7.6 of the SRS. For reference, the particles were also analyzed with microanalytical techniques more commonly employed for individual particles analysis such as EPMA and micro-PIXE.

  15. Comparison of synchrotron x-ray microanalysis with electron and proton microscopy for individual particle analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Janssens, K.H.; van Langevelde, F.; Adams, F.C. [Universitaire Instelling Antwerpen, Antwerp (Belgium); Vis, R.D. [Vrije Univ., Amsterdam (Netherlands); Sutton, S.R.; Rivers, M.L. [Chicago Univ., IL (United States); Jones, K.W. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States); Bowen, D.K. [Warwick Univ., Coventry (United Kingdom)

    1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper is concerned with the evaluation of the use of synchrotron/radiation induced x-ray fluorescences ({mu}-SRXRF) as implemented at two existing X-ray microprobes for the analysis of individual particles. As representative environmental particulates, National Institutes of Science and Technology (NIST) K227, K309, K441 and K961 glass microspheres were analyzed using two types of X-ray micro probes: the white light microprobe at beamline X26A of the monochromatic (15 keV) X-ray microprobe at station 7.6 of the SRS. For reference, the particles were also analyzed with microanalytical techniques more commonly employed for individual particles analysis such as EPMA and micro-PIXE.

  16. Spin-orbit couplings between distant electrons trapped individually on liquid helium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miao Zhang; L. F. Wei

    2012-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose an approach to entangle spins of electrons floating on liquid helium by coherently manipulating their spin-orbit interactions. The configuration consists of single electrons, confined individually on liquid helium by the microelectrodes, moving along the surface as the harmonic oscillators. It has been known that the spin of an electron could be coupled to its orbit (i.e., the vibrational motion) by properly applying a magnetic field. Based on this single electron spin-orbit coupling, here we show that a Jaynes-Cummings (JC) type interaction between the spin of an electron and the orbit of another electron at a distance could be realized via the strong Coulomb interaction between the electrons. Consequently, the proposed JC interaction could be utilized to realize a strong orbit-mediated spin-spin coupling and implement the desirable quantum information processing between the distant electrons trapped individually on liquid helium.

  17. Elevated levels of plasma Big endothelin-1 and its relation to hypertension and skin lesions in individuals exposed to arsenic

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hossain, Ekhtear; Islam, Khairul; Yeasmin, Fouzia [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Rajshahi University, Rajshahi-6205 (Bangladesh)] [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Rajshahi University, Rajshahi-6205 (Bangladesh); Karim, Md. Rezaul [Department of Applied Nutrition and Food Technology, Islamic University, Kushtia-7003 (Bangladesh)] [Department of Applied Nutrition and Food Technology, Islamic University, Kushtia-7003 (Bangladesh); Rahman, Mashiur; Agarwal, Smita; Hossain, Shakhawoat; Aziz, Abdul; Al Mamun, Abdullah; Sheikh, Afzal; Haque, Abedul; Hossain, M. Tofazzal [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Rajshahi University, Rajshahi-6205 (Bangladesh)] [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Rajshahi University, Rajshahi-6205 (Bangladesh); Hossain, Mostaque [Department of Medicine, Bangladesh Institute of Research and Rehabilitation in Diabetes, Endocrine and Metabolic Disorders (BIRDEM), Dhaka (Bangladesh)] [Department of Medicine, Bangladesh Institute of Research and Rehabilitation in Diabetes, Endocrine and Metabolic Disorders (BIRDEM), Dhaka (Bangladesh); Haris, Parvez I. [Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, De Montfort University, Leicester, LE1 9BH (United Kingdom)] [Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, De Montfort University, Leicester, LE1 9BH (United Kingdom); Ikemura, Noriaki; Inoue, Kiyoshi; Miyataka, Hideki; Himeno, Seiichiro [Laboratory of Molecular Nutrition and Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Tokushima Bunri University, Tokushima 770–8514 (Japan)] [Laboratory of Molecular Nutrition and Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Tokushima Bunri University, Tokushima 770–8514 (Japan); Hossain, Khaled, E-mail: khossain69@yahoo.com [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Rajshahi University, Rajshahi-6205 (Bangladesh)] [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Rajshahi University, Rajshahi-6205 (Bangladesh)

    2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Chronic arsenic (As) exposure affects the endothelial system causing several diseases. Big endothelin-1 (Big ET-1), the biological precursor of endothelin-1 (ET-1) is a more accurate indicator of the degree of activation of the endothelial system. Effect of As exposure on the plasma Big ET-1 levels and its physiological implications have not yet been documented. We evaluated plasma Big ET-1 levels and their relation to hypertension and skin lesions in As exposed individuals in Bangladesh. A total of 304 study subjects from the As-endemic and non-endemic areas in Bangladesh were recruited for this study. As concentrations in water, hair and nails were measured by Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectroscopy (ICP-MS). The plasma Big ET-1 levels were measured using a one-step sandwich enzyme immunoassay kit. Significant increase in Big ET-1 levels were observed with the increasing concentrations of As in drinking water, hair and nails. Further, before and after adjusting with different covariates, plasma Big ET-1 levels were found to be significantly associated with the water, hair and nail As concentrations of the study subjects. Big ET-1 levels were also higher in the higher exposure groups compared to the lowest (reference) group. Interestingly, we observed that Big ET-1 levels were significantly higher in the hypertensive and skin lesion groups compared to the normotensive and without skin lesion counterpart, respectively of the study subjects in As-endemic areas. Thus, this study demonstrated a novel dose–response relationship between As exposure and plasma Big ET-1 levels indicating the possible involvement of plasma Big ET-1 levels in As-induced hypertension and skin lesions. -- Highlights: ? Plasma Big ET-1 is an indicator of endothelial damage. ? Plasma Big ET-1 level increases dose-dependently in arsenic exposed individuals. ? Study subjects in arsenic-endemic areas with hypertension have elevated Big ET-1 levels. ? Study subjects with arsenic-induced skin lesions show elevated plasma Big ET-1 levels. ? Arsenic-induced hypertension and skin lesions may be linked to plasma Big ET-1 levels.

  18. Mechanisms of Individual Variation in Reproductive Behavior in Female Xiphophorous birchmanni

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Victoria Lee

    2014-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

    for the Cayman Cortisol EIA kit ......... 12 2.5 Individual female cortisol levels over repeated sampling ....................................... 12 3.1 Validation of the cayman cortisol EIA kit with Xiphophorus birchmanni pooled water samples... of steroids from the column. This technique should collect only free (and not glucuronidated or sulfated) steroids (Vermeirssen and Scott, 1996). Eluates were dried under nitrogen and re-suspended in   9 600 microliters EIA buffer. Additional details...

  19. Isotopic measurements of solar noble gases in individual micrometeorites from Greenland and Antarctica

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Olinger, C.T.

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Noble gases are studied in individual 100 micron-size particles selected from Greenland and Antarctic glacial sediments. Noble gas isotopic and elemental patterns confirm the extraterrestrial origin of 81 out of 302 particles studied. Micrometeorites in this size range are particularly interesting because they correspond to the peak of the meteoritic mass flux distribution. Many particles studied are compositionally and morphologically similar to known meteoritic materials.

  20. Individuality, Social Behavior, and Reproductive Success in Yellow-Bellied Marmots

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Armitage, Kenneth

    1986-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    et al. 1973, Armitage and Down- hower 1974, Lidicker 1975, Krebs 1978/?, Gaines and McClenaghan 1980). Several authors emphasized the importance of con? sidering population dynamics from the perspective of what happens to individuals. Benefits...- hower 1974). Few 2-yr-old females breed; therefore, fitness is higher if a female produces offspring with a high probability of living to age 3. Retaining offspring in their natal area into at least their second (yearling) year of life is a...

  1. Exploring Food Insecurity among Individuals with Serious Mental Illness: A Qualitative Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goetz, Jeannine Renee

    2008-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

    of international development work (Cook, 2002). Although several nutrition-assistance programs were established to assist vulnerable or underserved populations during prior years, it was not until 1984 that the President?s Task Force on Food Assistance demanded... EXPLORING FOOD INSECURITY AMONG INDIVIDUALS WITH SERIOUS MENTAL ILLNESS: A QUALITATIVE STUDY BY Jeannine Renee Goetz Submitted to the graduate degree program in Occupational Therapy and the Graduate Faculty of the University of Kansas...

  2. Adolescent Perceptions of Delinquent Behavior Based on Individual Smoking Status: Friends and Peers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomsen, Cortney

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    to incorporate adolescent risk perception has been recorded in other 5 publications (Smith, McKyer & Larsen, 2010; Diep, 2009; Fleary, Heffer, McKyer & Newman, 2009). The questionnaire psychometrics were evaluated in 2009 and found to be a conclusive... tool to measure individual risk behaviors and perceptions (Smith, McKyer & Larsen, 2010). Measures of internal consistency for the instrument as applied to the current sample yielded the following values: r = .856 (Peer scale), and r = .880 (Friend...

  3. Nano-scale luminescence characterization of individual InGaN/GaN quantum wells stacked in a microcavity using scanning transmission electron microscope cathodoluminescence

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schmidt, Gordon, E-mail: Gordon.Schmidt@ovgu.de; Müller, Marcus; Veit, Peter; Bertram, Frank; Christen, Jürgen [Institute of Experimental Physics, Otto-von-Guericke-University Magdeburg, 39106 Magdeburg (Germany); Glauser, Marlene; Carlin, Jean-François; Cosendey, Gatien; Butté, Raphaël; Grandjean, Nicolas [Institute of Condensed Matter Physics, École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), CH-1015 Lausanne (Switzerland)

    2014-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Using cathodoluminescence spectroscopy directly performed in a scanning transmission electron microscope at liquid helium temperatures, the optical and structural properties of a 62 InGaN/GaN multiple quantum well embedded in an AlInN/GaN based microcavity are investigated at the nanometer scale. We are able to spatially resolve a spectral redshift between the individual quantum wells towards the surface. Cathodoluminescence spectral linescans allow directly visualizing the critical layer thickness in the quantum well stack resulting in the onset of plastic relaxation of the strained InGaN/GaN system.

  4. 3D structural fluctuation of IgG1 antibody revealed by individual particle electron tomography

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Zhang, Xing [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Xi'an Jiaotong Univ., Xi'an, Shaanxi (China); Zhang, Lei [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Tong, Huimin [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Peng, Bo [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Rames, Matthew J. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Zhang, Shengli [Xi'an Jiaotong Univ., Xi'an, Shaanxi (China); Ren, Gang [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)

    2015-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Commonly used methods for determining protein structure, including X-ray crystallography and single-particle reconstruction, often provide a single and unique three-dimensional (3D) structure. However, in these methods, the protein dynamics and flexibility/fluctuation remain mostly unknown. Here, we utilized advances in electron tomography (ET) to study the antibody flexibility and fluctuation through structural determination of individual antibody particles rather than averaging multiple antibody particles together. Through individual-particle electron tomography (IPET) 3D reconstruction from negatively-stained ET images, we obtained 120 ab-initio 3D density maps at an intermediate resolution (~1–3 nm) from 120 individual IgG1 antibody particles. Using these maps as a constraint, we derived 120 conformations of the antibody via structural flexible docking of the crystal structure to these maps by targeted molecular dynamics simulations. Statistical analysis of the various conformations disclosed the antibody 3D conformational flexibility through the distribution of its domain distances and orientations. This blueprint approach, if extended to other flexible proteins, may serve as a useful methodology towards understanding protein dynamics and functions.

  5. 3D structural fluctuation of IgG1 antibody revealed by individual particle electron tomography

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Zhang, Xing; Zhang, Lei; Tong, Huimin; Peng, Bo; Rames, Matthew J.; Zhang, Shengli; Ren, Gang

    2015-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Commonly used methods for determining protein structure, including X-ray crystallography and single-particle reconstruction, often provide a single and unique three-dimensional (3D) structure. However, in these methods, the protein dynamics and flexibility/fluctuation remain mostly unknown. Here, we utilized advances in electron tomography (ET) to study the antibody flexibility and fluctuation through structural determination of individual antibody particles rather than averaging multiple antibody particles together. Through individual-particle electron tomography (IPET) 3D reconstruction from negatively-stained ET images, we obtained 120 ab-initio 3D density maps at an intermediate resolution (~1–3 nm) from 120 individual IgG1 antibody particles. Using these maps as a constraint, wemore »derived 120 conformations of the antibody via structural flexible docking of the crystal structure to these maps by targeted molecular dynamics simulations. Statistical analysis of the various conformations disclosed the antibody 3D conformational flexibility through the distribution of its domain distances and orientations. This blueprint approach, if extended to other flexible proteins, may serve as a useful methodology towards understanding protein dynamics and functions.« less

  6. User Instructions for the CiderF Individual Dose Code and Associated Utility Codes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eslinger, Paul W.; Napier, Bruce A.

    2013-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Historical activities at facilities producing nuclear materials for weapons released radioactivity into the air and water. Past studies in the United States have evaluated the release, atmospheric transport and environmental accumulation of 131I from the nuclear facilities at Hanford in Washington State and the resulting dose to members of the public (Farris et al. 1994). A multi-year dose reconstruction effort (Mokrov et al. 2004) is also being conducted to produce representative dose estimates for members of the public living near Mayak, Russia, from atmospheric releases of 131I at the facilities of the Mayak Production Association. The approach to calculating individual doses to members of the public from historical releases of airborne 131I has the following general steps: • Construct estimates of releases 131I to the air from production facilities. • Model the transport of 131I in the air and subsequent deposition on the ground and vegetation. • Model the accumulation of 131I in soil, water and food products (environmental media). • Calculate the dose for an individual by matching the appropriate lifestyle and consumption data for the individual to the concentrations of 131I in environmental media at their residence location. A number of computer codes were developed to facilitate the study of airborne 131I emissions at Hanford. The RATCHET code modeled movement of 131I in the atmosphere (Ramsdell Jr. et al. 1994). The DECARTES code modeled accumulation of 131I in environmental media (Miley et al. 1994). The CIDER computer code estimated annual doses to individuals (Eslinger et al. 1994) using the equations and parameters specific to Hanford (Snyder et al. 1994). Several of the computer codes developed to model 131I releases from Hanford are general enough to be used for other facilities. This document provides user instructions for computer codes calculating doses to members of the public from atmospheric 131I that have two major differences from the Hanford modeling sequence. First, the air transport code HYSPLIT (Draxler et al. 2012) is used instead of the RATCHET code. Second, the new individual dose code CiderF replaces the older CIDER code and five auxiliary codes.

  7. A Dynamic Operating System for Sensor Nodes Chih-Chieh Han, Ram Kumar, Roy Shea, Eddie Kohler and Mani Srivastava

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kohler, Eddie

    - tive resource garbage collection. Individual modules can be added and removed with minimal system, surviving environmental hardships while conserv- ing energy as much as possible. Sensor network applica

  8. Technology reviews: Daylighting optical systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schuman, J.; Rubinstein, F.; Papamichael, K.; Beltran, L.; Lee, E.S.; Selkowitz, S.

    1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a representative review of existing, emerging, and future technology options in each of five hardware and systems areas in envelope and lighting technologies: lighting systems, glazing systems, shading systems, daylighting optical systems, and dynamic curtain wall systems. The term technology is used here to describe any design choice for energy efficiency, ranging from individual components to more complex systems to general design strategies. The purpose of this task is to characterize the state of the art in envelope and lighting technologies in order to identify those with promise for advanced integrated systems, with an emphasis on California commercial buildings. For each technology category, the following activities have been attempted to the extent possible: Identify key performance characteristics and criteria for each technology. Determine the performance range of available technologies. Identify the most promising technologies and promising trends in technology advances. Examine market forces and market trends.Develop a continuously growing in-house database to be used throughout the project. A variety of information sources have been used in these technology characterizations, including miscellaneous periodicals, manufacturer catalogs and cut sheets, other research documents, and data from previous computer simulations. We include these different sources in order to best show the type and variety of data available, however publication here does not imply our guarantee of these data. Within each category, several broad classes are identified, and within each class we examine the generic individual technologies that fall into that class.

  9. Town of Kill Devil Hills- Wind Energy Systems Ordinance

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In October 2007, the town of Kill Devil Hills adopted an ordinance to regulate the use of wind-energy systems. The ordinance directs any individual or organization wishing to install a wind-energy...

  10. Library System Library System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cinabro, David

    Library System #12;Library System 5150 Anthony Wayne Drive David Adamany Undergraduate Library that for the current fiscal year, we've been given an additional $600,000 for our library materials budget. We're very subscriptions. The Wayne State University Libraries are deeply committed to providing our faculty and students

  11. Ancient DNA Analysis of Mid-Holocene Individuals from the Northwest Coast of North America Reveals Different

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kemp, Brian M.

    ) were generated from four ancient and three living individuals of the northern Northwest Coast of North Island, Alaska, and may have gone extinct, as it has not been observed in any living individuals, and may be freely reproduced, distributed, transmitted, modified, built upon, or otherwise used by anyone

  12. Assessment of Individual Risk of Death Using Self-report Data: an Artificial Neural Network Compared to a Frailty Index

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mitnitski, Arnold B.

    1 Assessment of Individual Risk of Death Using Self-report Data: an Artificial Neural Network,4 and Kenneth Rockwood, MD1,4 1 Geriatric Medicine Research Unit, Queen Elizabeth II Health Sciences Centre rate over 10 simulations in predicting the probability of individual survival was 79.2 ± 0

  13. Modulation of Thermoelectric Power of Individual Carbon Nanotubes Joshua P. Small, Kerstin M. Perez, and Philip Kim

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Philip

    Modulation of Thermoelectric Power of Individual Carbon Nanotubes Joshua P. Small, Kerstin M. Perez 2003; published 18 December 2003) Thermoelectric power (TEP) of individual single walled carbon.256801 PACS numbers: 73.63.­b, 65.80.+n, 73.22.­f Enhanced thermoelectric phenomena in nanoscaled materials

  14. On-Line Fault Diagnosis of Dynamic Systems via Robust Parameter Identification Gerard Blocha

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    of faults, their isolation and their identification is presented. The systems considered are MISO systems the individual reliability of the different pieces of equipment, and by developing systematic preventive mainte

  15. Individual Radiation Protection Monitoring in the Marshall Islands. Utrok Atoll (2010-2012)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hamilton, T. F. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Kehl, S. R. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Martinelli, R. E. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Hickman, R. E. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Hickman, D. P. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Tumey, S. J. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Brown, T. A. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Langston, R. G. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Tamblin, M. W. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Tibon, S. [Utrok Whole Body Counting Facility, Majuro Atoll (Republic of the Marshall Islands); Chee, L. [Utrok Whole Body Counting Facility, Majuro Atoll (Republic of the Marshall Islands); Aisek, Jr., A. [Utrok Whole Body Counting Facility, Majuro Atoll (Republic of the Marshall Islands); DeDrum, Z. [Utrok Whole Body Counting Facility, Majuro Atoll (Republic of the Marshall Islands); Mettao, M. [Utrok Whole Body Counting Facility, Majuro Atoll (Republic of the Marshall Islands); Henson, J. [Utrok Whole Body Counting Facility, Majuro Atoll (Republic of the Marshall Islands)

    2014-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    As a hard copy supplement to the Marshall Islands Program website (https://marshallislands.llnl.gov), this document provides an overview of the individual radiological surveillance monitoring program established in support of residents of Utr?k Atoll and nonresident citizens of the Utr?k Atoll population group, along with full disclosure of verified measurement data (2010-2012). The Utr?k Atoll Whole Body Counting Facility has been temporarily stationed on Majuro Atoll and, in cooperation with the Utr?k Atoll Local Government, serves as a national radiological facility open to the general public.

  16. Determination of the mutagenic potential of individual and binary mixtures of polycyclic aromatic and nitroaromatic hydrocarbons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keller, Tracie A

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    98. The chemicals tested were: 1. b nzn(a)pyrene (BAP), 2. benzo(e)pyrene (BEP), 3. 1-nitropyrene (INP), 4. 2-nitrofluorene (2NF), 5. 7, 12-dimethylbenzanthracene (D11BA), 6. 1, 2-henzanthracene (BA), 7. fluoranthene (FA), and 8. Chrysene (CH... the toxicity of the individual and binary mixtures of chemicals is the Ames Reverse Muta- tion Assay. In this assay, bacteria are mixed with the chemical and tested both with and without the presence of metabolic activation (S9 mix). This mixture is plated...

  17. Checklist for Individuals with an Abnormal BeLPT | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: Theof EnergyAdministration-DesertofSuccess StoriesofChecklist for Individuals

  18. The future of primary care : an engineering system approach to fix the U.S. health care system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chong, Stéphane

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The ailing U.S. health care system faces two tremendous challenges: a rising health care bill and a growing number of uninsured individuals. Several policies have been enacted to tackle these challenges but they are ...

  19. An in situ cell to study phase transitions in individual aerosol particles on a substrate using scanning transmission x-ray microspectroscopy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huthwelker, T.; Zelenay, V.; Birrer, M.; Krepelova, A.; Raabe, J.; Ammann, M. [Paul Scherrer Institut (PSI), 5232 Villigen PSI (Switzerland); Tzvetkov, G. [Department of Inorganic Chemistry, University of Sofia, 1164 Sofia (Bulgaria); Vernooij, M. G. C. [Environmental Mineralogy, University of Fribourg, Chemin du Musee 6, 1700 Fribourg (Switzerland)

    2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A new in situ cell to study phase transitions and chemical processes on individual aerosol particles in the x-ray transmission microscope at the PolLux beamline of the Swiss light source has been built. The cell is machined from stainless steel and aluminum components and is designed to be used in the standard mount of the microscope without need of complicated rearrangements of the microscope. The cell consists of two parts, a back part which contains connections for the gas supply, heating, cooling devices, and temperature measurement. The second part is a removable clip, which hosts the sample. This clip can be easily exchanged and brought into a sampling unit for aerosol particles. Currently, the cell can be operated at temperatures ranging from -40 to +50 deg. C. The function of the cell is demonstrated using two systems of submicron size: inorganic sodium bromide aerosols and soot originating from a diesel passenger car. For the sodium bromide we demonstrate how phase transitions can be studied in these systems and that O1s spectra from aqueous sodium bromide solution can be taken from submicron sized particles. For the case of soot, we demonstrate that the uptake of water onto individual soot particles can be studied.

  20. Raman Spectroscopy of DNA Packaging in Individual Human Sperm Cells distinguishes Normal from Abnormal Cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huser, T; Orme, C; Hollars, C; Corzett, M; Balhorn, R

    2009-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Healthy human males produce sperm cells of which about 25-40% have abnormal head shapes. Increases in the percentage of sperm exhibiting aberrant sperm head morphologies have been correlated with male infertility, and biochemical studies of pooled sperm have suggested that sperm with abnormal shape may contain DNA that has not been properly repackaged by protamine during spermatid development. We have used micro-Raman spectroscopy to obtain Raman spectra from individual human sperm cells and examined how differences in the Raman spectra of sperm chromatin correlate with cell shape. We show that Raman spectra of individual sperm cells contain vibrational marker modes that can be used to assess the efficiency of DNA-packaging for each cell. Raman spectra obtained from sperm cells with normal shape provide evidence that DNA in these sperm is very efficiently packaged. We find, however, that the relative protein content per cell and DNA packaging efficiencies are distributed over a relatively wide range for sperm cells with both normal and abnormal shape. These findings indicate that single cell Raman spectroscopy should be a valuable tool in assessing the quality of sperm cells for in-vitro fertilization.

  1. Non-destructive Identification of Individual Leukemia Cells by Optical Trapping Raman Spectroscopy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chan, J W; Taylor, D S; Lane, S; Zwerdling, T; Tuscano, J; Huser, T

    2007-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Currently, a combination of technologies is typically required to assess the malignancy of cancer cells. These methods often lack the specificity and sensitivity necessary for early, accurate diagnosis. Here we demonstrate using clinical samples the application of laser trapping Raman spectroscopy as a novel approach that provides intrinsic biochemical markers for the noninvasive detection of individual cancer cells. The Raman spectra of live, hematopoietic cells provide reliable molecular fingerprints that reflect their biochemical composition and biology. Populations of normal T and B lymphocytes from four healthy individuals, and cells from three leukemia patients were analyzed, and multiple intrinsic Raman markers associated with DNA and protein vibrational modes have been identified that exhibit excellent discriminating power for cancer cell identification. A combination of two multivariate statistical methods, principal component analysis (PCA) and linear discriminant analysis (LDA), was used to confirm the significance of these markers for identifying cancer cells and classifying the data. The results indicate that, on average, 95% of the normal cells and 90% of the patient cells were accurately classified into their respective cell types. We also provide evidence that these markers are unique to cancer cells and not purely a function of differences in their cellular activation.

  2. How individual traces and interactive timelines could support outage execution - Toward an outage historian concept

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Parfouru, S.; De-Beler, N. [EDF Recherche and Developpement, 6 quai Watier, 78400 Chatou (France)

    2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the context of a project that is designing innovative ICT-based solutions for the organizational concept of outage management, we focus on the informational process of the OCR (Outage Control Room) underlying the execution of the outages. Informational process are based on structured and unstructured documents that have a key role in the collaborative processes and management of the outage. We especially track the structured and unstructured documents, electronically or not, from creation to sharing. Our analysis allows us to consider that the individual traces produced by an individual participant with a specific role could be multi-purpose and support sharing between participants without creating duplication of work. The ultimate goal is to be able to generate an outage historian, that is not just focused on highly structured information, which could be useful to improve the continuity of information between participants. We study the implementation of this approach through web technologies and social media tools to address this issue. We also investigate the issue of data access through interactive visualization timelines coupled with other modality's to assist users in the navigation and exploration of the proposed historian. (authors)

  3. Toward particle-level filtering of individual collision events at the Large Hadron Collider and beyond

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Federico Colecchia

    2014-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Low-energy strong interactions are a major source of background at hadron colliders, and methods of subtracting the associated energy flow are well established in the field. Traditional approaches treat the contamination as diffuse, and estimate background energy levels either by averaging over large data sets or by restricting to given kinematic regions inside individual collision events. On the other hand, more recent techniques take into account the discrete nature of background, most notably by exploiting the presence of substructure inside hard jets, i.e. inside collections of particles originating from scattered hard quarks and gluons. However, none of the existing methods subtract background at the level of individual particles inside events. We illustrate the use of an algorithm that can enable particle-by-particle background discrimination at the Large Hadron Collider, and we envisage this as the basis for a novel event filtering procedure upstream of the official jet reconstruction pipelines. Our hope is that this new technique will improve physics analysis when used in combination with state-of-the-art algorithms in high-luminosity hadron collider environments.

  4. Gasification Systems

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    SYSTEMS Gasi cation Systems Advanced Combustion Systems Advanced Turbines Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Plant Optimization Coal Utilization Sciences University Training and Research...

  5. Probing Heterogeneous Chemistry of Individual Atmospheric Particles Using Scanning Electron Microscopy and Energy-Dispersive X-ray Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Krueger, Brenda J.; Grassian, Vicki H.; Iedema, Martin J.; Cowin, James P.; Laskin, Alexander

    2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, we demonstrate the utility of single-particle analysis to investigate the chemistry of isolated, individual particles of atmospheric relevance such as NaCl, sea salt, CaCO3, and SiO2. A variety of state-of-th-art scanning electron microscopy techniques, including environmental scanning electon microscopy and computer-controlled scanning electron microscopy/energy-dispersive X-ray analysis, were utilized for monitoring and quantifying phase transitions of individual particles, morphology, and compositional changes of individual particles as they react with nitric acid.

  6. Session T1A GATHERING AND TIMELY USE OF FEEDBACK FROM INDIVIDUALIZED

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Course management systems can and often do record all information transmitted to and from the student on assigned tasks. At the same time, the technology records and dynamically organizes a vast amount in higher education, as reflected in numerous course management systems. The ubiquitous web browser

  7. Hypergeometric systems II: GKZ systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Uli Walther

    2010-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Solutions of A-hypergemetric systems. Hypergeometric systems II: GKZ systems ... Power series ansatz: z = ?. ? k=0 aktk shows ak ? vj >0 vj ?1. ? l=0.

  8. Individual Radiation Protection Monitoring in the Marshall Islands: Enewetak Atoll (2002-2004)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hamilton, T F; Kehl, S; Hickman, D; Brown, T; Marchetti, A A; Martinelli, R; Johannes, K; Henry, D

    2006-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

    The United States Department of Energy (U.S. DOE) has recently implemented a series of strategic initiatives to address long-term radiological surveillance needs at former U.S. nuclear test sites in the Marshall Islands. The plan is to engage local atoll communities in developing shared responsibilities for implementing radiation protection monitoring programs for resettled and resettling populations in the northern Marshall Islands. Using the pooled resources of the U.S. DOE and local atoll governments, individual radiological surveillance programs have been developed in whole body counting and plutonium urinalysis in order to accurately assess radiation doses resulting from the ingestion and uptake of fallout radionuclides contained in locally grown foods. Permanent whole body counting facilities have been established at three separate locations in the Marshall Islands including Enewetak Island (Figure 1) (Bell et al., 2002). These facilities are operated and maintained by Marshallese technicians with scientists from the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) providing on-going technical support services. Bioassay samples are collected under controlled conditions and analyzed for plutonium isotopes at the Center for Accelerator Mass Spectrometry at LLNL using state-of-the art measurement technologies. We also conduct an on-going environmental monitoring and characterization program at selected sites in the northern Marshall Islands. The aim of the environmental program is to determine the level and distribution of important fallout radionuclides in soil, water and local foods with a view towards providing more accurate and updated dose assessments, incorporating knowledge of the unique behaviors and exposure pathways of fallout radionuclides in coral atoll ecosystems. These scientific studies have also been essential in helping guide the development of remedial options used in support of island resettlement. Together, the individual and environmental radiological surveillance programs are helping meet the informational needs of the U.S. DOE and the Republic of the Marshall Islands. Our updated environmental assessments provide a strong scientific basis for predicting future change in exposure conditions especially in relation to changes in lifestyle, diet and/or land-use patterns. This information has important implications in addressing questions about existing (and future) radiological conditions on the islands, in determining the cost and estimating the effectiveness of potential remedial measures, and in general policy support considerations. Perhaps most importantly, the recently established individual radiological surveillance programs provide affected atoll communities with an unprecedented level of radiation protection monitoring where, for the first time, local resources are being made available to monitor resettled and resettling populations on a continuous basis. As a hard copy supplement to Marshall Islands Program website (http://eed.llnl.gov/mi/), this document provides an overview of the individual radiation protection monitoring program established for the Enewetak Atoll population group along with a full disclosure of all verified measurement data (2002-2004). Readers are advised that an additional feature of the associated web site is a provision where users are able calculate and track doses delivered to volunteers (de-identified information only) participating in the Marshall Islands Radiological Surveillance Program.

  9. Individual Radiation Protection Monitoring in the Marshall Islands: Rongelap Atoll (2002-2004)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hamilton, T F; Kehl, S; Hickman, D; Brown, T; Marchetti, A A; Martinelli, R; Arelong, E; Langinbelik, S

    2006-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

    The United States Department of Energy (U.S. DOE) has recently implemented a series of strategic initiatives to address long-term radiological surveillance needs at former U.S. nuclear test sites in the Marshall Islands. The plan is to engage local atoll communities in developing shared responsibilities for implementing radiation protection monitoring programs for resettled and resettling populations in the northern Marshall Islands. Using the pooled resources of the U.S. DOE and local atoll governments, individual radiological surveillance programs have been developed in whole body counting and plutonium urinalysis in order to accurately assess radiation doses resulting from the ingestion and uptake of fallout radionuclides contained in locally grown foods. Permanent whole body counting facilities have been established at three separate locations in the Marshall Islands including Rongelap Atoll (Figure 1). These facilities are operated and maintained by Marshallese technicians with scientists from the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) providing on-going technical support services. Bioassay samples are collected under controlled conditions and analyzed for plutonium isotopes at the Center for Accelerator Mass Spectrometry at LLNL using state-of-the art measurement technologies. We also conduct an on-going environmental monitoring and characterization program at selected sites in the northern Marshall Islands. The aim of the environmental program is to determine the level and distribution of important fallout radionuclides in soil, water and local foods with a view towards providing more accurate and updated dose assessments, incorporating knowledge of the unique behaviors and exposure pathways of fallout radionuclides in coral atoll ecosystems. These scientific studies have also been essential in helping guide the development of remedial options used in support of island resettlement. Together, the individual and environmental radiological surveillance programs are helping meet the informational needs of the U.S. DOE and the Republic of the Marshall Islands. Our updated environmental assessments provide a strong scientific basis for predicting future change in exposure conditions especially in relation to changes in lifestyle, diet and/or land-use patterns. This information has important implications in addressing questions about existing (and future) radiological conditions on the islands, in determining as well as the implementation, cost and effectiveness of potential intervention options, and in general policy support considerations. Perhaps most importantly, the recently established individual radiological surveillance programs provide affected atoll communities with an unprecedented level of radiation protection monitoring where, for the first time, local resources are being made available to monitor resettled and resettling populations on a continuous basis. As a hard copy supplement to Marshall Islands Program website (http://eed.llnl.gov/mi/), this document provides an overview of the individual radiation protection monitoring program established for resettlement workers living on Rongelap Island along with a full disclosure of all verified measurement data (2002-2004). Readers are advised that an additional feature of the associated web site is a provision where users are able calculate and track doses delivered to volunteers (de-identified information only) participating the Marshall Islands Radiological Surveillance Program.

  10. Progmosis: Evaluating Risky Individual Behavior During Epidemics Using Mobile Network Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lima, Antonio; Rossi, Luca; Musolesi, Mirco; Gonzalez, Marta

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The possibility to analyze, quantify and forecast epidemic outbreaks is fundamental when devising effective disease containment strategies. Policy makers are faced with the intricate task of drafting realistically implementable policies that strike a balance between risk management and cost. Two major techniques policy makers have at their disposal are: epidemic modeling and contact tracing. Models are used to forecast the evolution of the epidemic both globally and regionally, while contact tracing is used to reconstruct the chain of people who have been potentially infected, so that they can be tested, isolated and treated immediately. However, both techniques might provide limited information, especially during an already advanced crisis when the need for action is urgent. In this paper we propose an alternative approach that goes beyond epidemic modeling and contact tracing, and leverages behavioral data generated by mobile carrier networks to evaluate contagion risk on a per-user basis. The individual ri...

  11. Face recognition system and method using face pattern words and face pattern bytes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Zheng, Yufeng

    2014-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

    The present invention provides a novel system and method for identifying individuals and for face recognition utilizing facial features for face identification. The system and method of the invention comprise creating facial features or face patterns called face pattern words and face pattern bytes for face identification. The invention also provides for pattern recognitions for identification other than face recognition. The invention further provides a means for identifying individuals based on visible and/or thermal images of those individuals by utilizing computer software implemented by instructions on a computer or computer system and a computer readable medium containing instructions on a computer system for face recognition and identification.

  12. Dose-Effect Relationships for Individual Pelvic Floor Muscles and Anorectal Complaints After Prostate Radiotherapy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smeenk, Robert Jan, E-mail: r.smeenk@rther.umcn.nl [Department of Radiation Oncology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen (Netherlands); Hoffmann, Aswin L. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen (Netherlands); Hopman, Wim P.M. [Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen (Netherlands); Lin, Emile N.J. Th. van; Kaanders, Johannes H.A.M. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen (Netherlands)

    2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: To delineate the individual pelvic floor muscles considered to be involved in anorectal toxicity and to investigate dose-effect relationships for fecal incontinence-related complaints after prostate radiotherapy (RT). Methods and Materials: In 48 patients treated for localized prostate cancer, the internal anal sphincter (IAS) muscle, the external anal sphincter (EAS) muscle, the puborectalis muscle (PRM), and the levator ani muscles (LAM) in addition to the anal wall (Awall) and rectal wall (Rwall) were retrospectively delineated on planning computed tomography scans. Dose parameters were obtained and compared between patients with and without fecal urgency, incontinence, and frequency. Dose-effect curves were constructed. Finally, the effect of an endorectal balloon, which was applied in 28 patients, was investigated. Results: The total volume of the pelvic floor muscles together was about three times that of the Awall. The PRM was exposed to the highest RT dose, whereas the EAS received the lowest dose. Several anal and rectal dose parameters, as well as doses to all separate pelvic floor muscles, were associated with urgency, while incontinence was associated mainly with doses to the EAS and PRM. Based on the dose-effect curves, the following constraints regarding mean doses could be deduced to reduce the risk of urgency: {<=}30 Gy to the IAS; {<=}10 Gy to the EAS; {<=}50 Gy to the PRM; and {<=}40 Gy to the LAM. No dose-effect relationships for frequency were observed. Patients treated with an endorectal balloon reported significantly less urgency and incontinence, while their treatment plans showed significantly lower doses to the Awall, Rwall, and all pelvic floor muscles. Conclusions: Incontinence-related complaints show specific dose-effect relationships to individual pelvic floor muscles. Dose constraints for each muscle can be identified for RT planning. When only the Awall is delineated, substantial components of the continence apparatus are excluded.

  13. Three essays in labor and health economics: individual decisions on occupation, labor supply, and demand for heatlh 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shin, Ja Eun

    2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

    In this dissertation, I examine individual decisions in occupational choice, labor supply, and health care utilization. Occupational choice decisions of female college graduates on whether to teach or not are analyzed to ...

  14. Three essays in labor and health economics: individual decisions on occupation, labor supply, and demand for heatlh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shin, Ja Eun

    2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

    In this dissertation, I examine individual decisions in occupational choice, labor supply, and health care utilization. Occupational choice decisions of female college graduates on whether to teach or not are analyzed to understand the role...

  15. The Role of the L1 and Individual Differences in L2 Sensitivity to Morphosyntactic Features: An ERP Investigation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bond, Kristi

    2013-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This study used ERP (event-related potentials) to examine both the role of the L1 and the role of individual differences in the processing of agreement violations. Theories of L2 acquisition differ with regard to whether ...

  16. Optimal individual attack on BB84 quantum key distribution using single-photon two-qubit quantum logic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garcia-Patron Sanchez, Raul

    We propose the use of single-photon two-qubit quantum logic to physically simulate the optimal individual attack on Bennett-Brassard 1984 quantum key distribution protocol.The experimental setup does not require a quantum ...

  17. The comparative effect of individually-generated vs. collaboratively-generated computer-based concept mapping on science concept learning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kwon, So Young

    2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Using a quasi-experimental design, the researcher investigated the comparative effects of individually-generated and collaboratively-generated computer-based concept mapping on middle school science concept learning. Qualitative data were analyzed...

  18. The Perspectives of Individuals with Cognitive Disabilities and/or Autism on Their Lives and Their Problem Behavior.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ruef, Michael B.; Turnbull, Ann P.

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of the study was 2-fold: (a) to explore the perceptions of individuals with cognitive disabilities and/ or autism regarding barriers and solutions they have experienced related to problem behavior, and (b) to ...

  19. Proteome Profiling for Assessing Diversity: Analysis of Individual Heads of Drosophila melanogaster Using LC-Ion Mobility-MS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clemmer, David E.

    Proteome Profiling for Assessing Diversity: Analysis of Individual Heads of Drosophila melanogaster dimensions of condensed-phase separations with mass spec- trometry (MS).4 In this approach, mass-to-charge (m-speed, gas-phase sep

  20. Inheritance of chlordane resistance in cockroaches, with knockdown time and time of kill as measures of individual resistance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamilton, Robert William

    1958-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The computation and analysis of dosage mortality data has been discussed in detail by BIiss (1935) and Finney (%52) o The other method of studying the genetics of resistance involves treatment of individuals in a population with a single xuxpreesly chosen.... In certain strains the susceptible individuals quickly show symptoms of poisoning and in a few minut . s fall on their backs, After several hours these flies begin an improvement that leads to complete recovery, 'Vith respect to knockdown these flies...

  1. Robotic Inspection System for Bulk Liquid Storage Tanks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hartsell, D. R.; Hakes, K. J.

    for aboveground storage tanks (ASTs) requires: drainage of the product; cleaning of the vessel with water or solvents; physical removal, collection and containment of petroleum and chemical waste residues, including the waste streams created by the cleaning...

  2. S162 july 2008| AcknowledgmentS. Over 300 individuals from

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Acquisition System AVHRR Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer AVISO Archiving, Validating: Acronyms A Anticyclonic days ACC Antarctic Circumpolar Current ACE NOAA's Accumulated Cyclone Energy Index Multidecadal Mode AMO Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation AMSR-E Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer for Earth

  3. Systems biology approach to bioremediation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chakraborty, R.; Wu, C. H.; Hazen, T. C.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Bioremediation has historically been approached as a ?black box? in terms of our fundamental understanding. Thus it succeeds and fails, seldom without a complete understanding of why. Systems biology is an integrated research approach to study complex biological systems, by investigating interactions and networks at the molecular, cellular, community, and ecosystem level. The knowledge of these interactions within individual components is fundamental to understanding the dynamics of the ecosystem under investigation. Understanding and modeling functional microbial community structure and stress responses in environments at all levels have tremendous implications for our fundamental understanding of hydrobiogeochemical processes and the potential for making bioremediation breakthroughs and illuminating the ?black box?.

  4. Power-law of Aggregate-size Spectra in Natural Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matteo Convertino; Filippo Simini; Filippo Catani; Igor Linkov; Gregory A. Kiker

    2013-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Patterns of animate and inanimate systems show remarkable similarities in their aggregation. One similarity is the double-Pareto distribution of the aggregate-size of system components. Different models have been developed to predict aggregates of system components. However, not many models have been developed to describe probabilistically the aggregate-size distribution of any system regardless of the intrinsic and extrinsic drivers of the aggregation process. Here we consider natural animate systems, from one of the greatest mammals - the African elephant (\\textit{Loxodonta africana}) - to the \\textit{Escherichia coli} bacteria, and natural inanimate systems in river basins. Considering aggregates as islands and their perimeter as a curve mirroring the sculpting network of the system, the probability of exceedence of the drainage area, and the Hack's law are shown to be the the Kor\\v{c}ak's law and the perimeter-area relationship for river basins. The perimeter-area relationship, and the probability of exceedence of the aggregate-size provide a meaningful estimate of the same fractal dimension. Systems aggregate because of the influence exerted by a physical or processes network within the system domain. The aggregate-size distribution is accurately derived using the null-method of box-counting on the occurrences of system components. The importance of the aggregate-size spectrum relies on its ability to reveal system form, function, and dynamics also as a function of other coupled systems. Variations of the fractal dimension and of the aggregate-size distribution are related to changes of systems that are meaningful to monitor because potentially critical for these systems.

  5. Wetland Flow and Salinity Budgets and Elements of a Decision Support System toward Implementation of Real-Time Seasonal Wetland Salinity Management

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Quinn, N.W.T.; Ortega, R.; Rahilly, P.; Johnson, C.B.

    2011-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

    The project has provided science-based tools for the long-term management of salinity in drainage discharges from wetlands to the San Joaquin River. The results of the project are being used to develop best management practices (BMP) and a decision support system to assist wetland managers adjust the timing of salt loads delivered to the San Joaquin River during spring drawdown. Adaptive drainage management scheduling has the potential to improve environmental compliance with salinity objectives in the Lower San Joaquin River by reducing the frequency of violation of Vernalis salinity standards, especially in dry and critically dry years. The paired approach to project implementation whereby adaptively managed and traditional practices were monitored in a side-by-side fashion has provided a quantitative measure of the impacts of the project on the timing of salt loading to the San Joaquin River. The most significant accomplishments of the project has been the technology transfer to wetland biologists, ditch tenders and water managers within the Grasslands Ecological Area. This “learning by doing” has build local community capacity within the Grassland Water District and California Department of Fish and Game providing these institutions with new capability to assess and effectively manage salinity within their wetlands while simultaneously providing benefits to salinity management of the San Joaquin River.

  6. Design of cooperative mobile robot system: a low-cost test-bed and an example application

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Na, Youngchul

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Implementation of cooperative robot systems in search, exploration, or delivery tasks can potentially provide advantages over a single robot system. For example, better performance, fault tolerance through agent redundancy, and lower individual...

  7. Parameterization of the scattering and absorption properties of individual ice crystals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yang, Ping [Department of Atmospheric Sciences, University of California, Los Angeles (United States)] [Department of Atmospheric Sciences, University of California, Los Angeles (United States); Liou, K. N. [Department of Atmospheric Sciences, University of California, Los Angeles (United States)] [Department of Atmospheric Sciences, University of California, Los Angeles (United States); Wyser, Klaus [Department of Meteorology, Stockholm University, Stockholm (Sweden)] [Department of Meteorology, Stockholm University, Stockholm (Sweden); Mitchell, David [Atmospheric Sciences Center, Desert Research Institute, Reno, Nevada (United States)] [Atmospheric Sciences Center, Desert Research Institute, Reno, Nevada (United States)

    2000-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

    We present parameterizations of the single-scattering properties for individual ice crystals of various habits based on the results computed from the accurate light scattering calculations. The projected area, volume, and single-scattering properties of ice crystals with various shapes and sizes are computed for 56 narrow spectral bands covering 0.2-5 {mu}m. The ice crystal habits considered in this study are hexagonal plates, solid and hollow columns, planar and spatial bullet rosette, and aggregates that are commonly observed in cirrus clouds. Using the observational relationships between the aspect ratios and the sizes of ice crystals, we can define the three-dimensional structure of these ice crystal habits with respect to their maximum dimensions for light scattering calculations. The volume and projected area of ice crystals, expressed in terms of the diameters of the corresponding equivalent spheres, are first parameterized by employing the ice crystal maximum dimensions. Further, various analytical expressions as functions of the effective dimensions of ice crystals have been developed to parameterize the extinction and absorption efficiencies, asymmetry factor, and the truncation of the forward peak energy in the phase function. The present parameterization scheme provides an efficient approach to obtain the basic scattering and absorption properties of nonspherical ice crystals. (c) 2000 American Geophysical Union.

  8. Raman Spectroscopy and Microscopy of Individual Cells andCellular Components

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chan, J; Fore, S; Wachsmann-Hogiu, S; Huser, T

    2008-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Raman spectroscopy provides the unique opportunity to non-destructively analyze chemical concentrations on the submicron length scale in individual cells without the need for optical labels. This enables the rapid assessment of cellular biochemistry inside living cells, and it allows for their continuous analysis to determine cellular response to external events. Here, we review recent developments in the analysis of single cells, subcellular compartments, and chemical imaging based on Raman spectroscopic techniques. Spontaneous Raman spectroscopy provides for the full spectral assessment of cellular biochemistry, while coherent Raman techniques, such as coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering is primarily used as an imaging tool comparable to confocal fluorescence microscopy. These techniques are complemented by surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy, which provides higher sensitivity and local specificity, and also extends the techniques to chemical indicators, i.e. pH sensing. We review the strengths and weaknesses of each technique, demonstrate some of their applications and discuss their potential for future research in cell biology and biomedicine.

  9. Spatially Resolved Mapping of Electrical Conductivity around Individual Domain (Grain) Boundaries in Graphene

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, An-Ping [ORNL; Clark, Kendal W [ORNL; Zhang, Xiaoguang [ORNL; Vlassiouk, Ivan V [ORNL; He, Guowei [Carnegie Mellon University (CMU); Feenstra, Randall [Carnegie Mellon University (CMU)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Graphene films can now be produced on the scale of up to meters. However, all large-scale graphene films contain topological defects that can significantly affect the characteristic transport behaviors of graphene. Here, we spatially map the structures and electronic transport near specific domain and grain boundaries in graphene, and evaluate effects of different types of defect on the electronic conductivity in epitaxial graphene grown on SiC and CVD graphene on Cu subsequently transferred to a SiO2 substrate. We use a combined approach with a multi-probe scanning tunneling potentiometry to investigate both structures and transport at individual grain boundaries and domain boundaries that are defined by coalesced grains, surface steps, and changes in layer thickness. It is found that the substrate step on SiC presents a significant potential barrier for electron transport of epitaxial graphene due to the reduced charge transport from the substrate at the step edges, monolayer-bilayer boundaries exhibit a high resistivity that can change depending on directions of the current across the boundary, and the resistivity of grain boundaries changes with the transition width of the disordered region between two adjacent grains in graphene. The detailed understanding of graphene defects will provide the feedback for controlled engineering of defects in large-scale graphene films.

  10. The 3D-architecture of individual free silver nanoparticles captured by X-ray scattering

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Barke, Ingo; Hartmann, Hannes; Rupp, Daniela; Flückiger, Leonie; Sauppe, Mario; Adolph, Marcus; Schorb, Sebastian; Bostedt, Christoph; Treusch, Rolf; Peltz, Christian; et al

    2015-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

    The diversity of nanoparticle shapes generated by condensation from gaseous matter reflects the fundamental competition between thermodynamic equilibration and the persistence of metastable configurations during growth. In the kinetically limited regime, intermediate geometries that are favoured only in early formation stages can be imprinted in the finally observed ensemble of differently structured specimens. Here we demonstrate that single-shot wide-angle scattering of femtosecond soft X-ray free-electron laser pulses allows three-dimensional characterization of the resulting metastable nanoparticle structures. For individual free ?silver particles, which can be considered frozen in space for the duration of photon exposure, both shape and orientation are uncoveredmore »from measured scattering images. We identify regular shapes, including species with fivefold symmetry and surprisingly large aspect ratio up to particle radii of the order of 100 nm. Our approach includes scattering effects beyond Born’s approximation and is remarkably efficient—opening up new routes in ultrafast nanophysics and free-electron laser science« less

  11. Present and future nuclear power generation as a reflection of individual countries' resources and objectives

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Borg, I.Y.

    1987-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

    The nuclear reactor industry has been in a state of decline for more than a decade in most of the world. The reasons are numerous and often unique to the energy situation of individual countries. Two commonly cited issues influence decisions relating to construction of reactors: costs and the need, or lack thereof, for additional generating capacity. Public concern has ''politicized'' the nuclear industry in many non-communist countries, causing a profound effect on the economics of the option. The nuclear installations and future plans are reviewed on a country-by-country basis for 36 countries in the light of the resources and objectives of each. Because oil and gas for power production throughout the world are being phased out as much as possible, coal-fired generation currently tends to be the chosen alternative to nuclear power production. Exceptions occur in many of the less developed countries that collectively have a very limited operating experience with nuclear reactors. The Chernobyl accident in the USSR alarmed the public; however, national strategies and plans to build reactors have not changed markedly in the interim. Assuming that the next decade of nuclear power generation is uneventful, additional electrical demand would cause the nuclear power industry to experience a rejuvenation in Europe as well as in the US. 80 refs., 3 figs., 22 tabs.

  12. Simulating variable source problems via post processing of individual particle tallies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bleuel, D.L.; Donahue, R.J.; Ludewigt, B.A.; Vujic, J.

    2000-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Monte Carlo is an extremely powerful method of simulating complex, three dimensional environments without excessive problem simplification. However, it is often time consuming to simulate models in which the source can be highly varied. Similarly difficult are optimization studies involving sources in which many input parameters are variable, such as particle energy, angle, and spatial distribution. Such studies are often approached using brute force methods or intelligent guesswork. One field in which these problems are often encountered is accelerator-driven Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT) for the treatment of cancers. Solving the reverse problem of determining the best neutron source for optimal BNCT treatment can be accomplished by separating the time-consuming particle-tracking process of a full Monte Carlo simulation from the calculation of the source weighting factors which is typically performed at the beginning of a Monte Carlo simulation. By post-processing these weighting factors on a recorded file of individual particle tally information, the effect of changing source variables can be realized in a matter of seconds, instead of requiring hours or days for additional complete simulations. By intelligent source biasing, any number of different source distributions can be calculated quickly from a single Monte Carlo simulation. The source description can be treated as variable and the effect of changing multiple interdependent source variables on the problem's solution can be determined. Though the focus of this study is on BNCT applications, this procedure may be applicable to any problem that involves a variable source.

  13. Method of validating measurement data of a process parameter from a plurality of individual sensor inputs

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Scarola, Kenneth (Windsor, CT); Jamison, David S. (Windsor, CT); Manazir, Richard M. (North Canton, CT); Rescorl, Robert L. (Vernon, CT); Harmon, Daryl L. (Enfield, CT)

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A method for generating a validated measurement of a process parameter at a point in time by using a plurality of individual sensor inputs from a scan of said sensors at said point in time. The sensor inputs from said scan are stored and a first validation pass is initiated by computing an initial average of all stored sensor inputs. Each sensor input is deviation checked by comparing each input including a preset tolerance against the initial average input. If the first deviation check is unsatisfactory, the sensor which produced the unsatisfactory input is flagged as suspect. It is then determined whether at least two of the inputs have not been flagged as suspect and are therefore considered good inputs. If two or more inputs are good, a second validation pass is initiated by computing a second average of all the good sensor inputs, and deviation checking the good inputs by comparing each good input including a present tolerance against the second average. If the second deviation check is satisfactory, the second average is displayed as the validated measurement and the suspect sensor as flagged as bad. A validation fault occurs if at least two inputs are not considered good, or if the second deviation check is not satisfactory. In the latter situation the inputs from each of all the sensors are compared against the last validated measurement and the value from the sensor input that deviates the least from the last valid measurement is displayed.

  14. Multiplexed fluorescence detector system for capillary electrophoresis

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Yeung, E.S.; Taylor, J.A.

    1994-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

    A fluorescence detection system for capillary electrophoresis is provided wherein the detection system can simultaneously excite fluorescence and substantially simultaneously monitor separations in multiple capillaries. This multiplexing approach involves laser irradiation of a sample in a plurality of capillaries through optical fibers that are coupled individually with the capillaries. The array is imaged orthogonally through a microscope onto a charge-coupled device camera for signal analysis. 14 figures.

  15. Multiplexed fluorescence detector system for capillary electrophoresis

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Yeung, E.S.; Taylor, J.A.

    1996-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

    A fluorescence detection system for capillary electrophoresis is provided wherein the detection system can simultaneously excite fluorescence and substantially simultaneously monitor separations in multiple capillaries. This multiplexing approach involves laser irradiation of a sample in a plurality of capillaries through optical fibers that are coupled individually with the capillaries. The array is imaged orthogonally through a microscope onto a charge-coupled device camera for signal analysis. 14 figs.

  16. Sonoma Persistent Surveillance System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pennington, D M

    2006-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Sonoma offers the first cost-effective, broad-area, high-resolution, real-time motion imagery system for surveillance applications. Sonoma is unique in its ability to provide continuous, real-time video imagery of an area the size of a small city with resolutions sufficient to track 8,000 moving objects in the field of view. At higher resolutions and over smaller areas, Sonoma can even track the movement of individual people. The visual impact of the data available from Sonoma is already causing a paradigm shift in the architecture and operation of other surveillance systems. Sonoma is expected to cost just one-tenth the price of comparably sized sensor systems. Cameras mounted on an airborne platform constantly monitor an area, feeding data to the ground for real-time analysis. Sonoma was designed to provide real-time data for actionable intelligence in situations such as monitoring traffic, special events, border security, and harbors. If a Sonoma system had been available in the aftermath of the Katrina and Rita hurricanes, emergency responders would have had real-time information on roads, water levels, and traffic conditions, perhaps saving many lives.

  17. Computer System,

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    undergraduate summer institute http:institutes.lanl.govistisummer-school 2015 Computer System, Cluster, and Networking Summer Institute Purpose The Computer System,...

  18. emulator as well as a solid understanding of its individual building blocks. This is exactly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McMahon, Harvey

    can be engineered3,4 . These considerations mean that trapped atomic ions1,5,6 are a very attrac- tive, Friedenauer et al. built6 the first prototype based on two magnesium ions, andsimulated a tiny quantum magnet three-spin magnetic system (Fig. 1) by using three ytterbium atomic ions in an electromagnetic trap

  19. Vagal rebound during resolution of tearful crying among depressed and nondepressed individuals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gross, James J.

    -regulatory mechanisms invoked by crying are compromised in depression. Descriptors: Respiratory sinus arrhythmia, Crying of inspiration when respiratory mechan- isms in the brainstem attenuate the vagal efferent action on the heart of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences and VA Palo Alto Health Care System, Stanford University, Stanford

  20. Spatially explicit, individual-based modelling of pastoralists' mobility in the rangelands of east Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacOpiyo, Laban Adero

    2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and challenging immigration system in the USA. I greatly appreciate the assistance and support given to me by colleagues within the LEWS/LINKS program, Drs. Robert Kaitho and Abdi Jama with whom we spent many hours sharing an office and ideas that led...

  1. Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) Degree 4-Yr Program of Study (NP Family/Individual)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dyer, Bill

    , Outcomes & QI 3 675 DNP Scholarly Project 2 (1 lec; 1 clinical lab) 5 credits Summer (Semester 9) 623 (Semester 1) 601 Advanced Health Assessment 3 (2 lec; 1 clinical lab) 602 Advanced Physiology Diagnostic Reasoning 3 (2 lec; 1 clinical lab) 608 Design of Health Care Delivery Systems 3 8 credits Summer

  2. allowing a longer period of infection within an individual host and by facilitating re-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cai, Long

    T cells and neutralizing antibodies. It augments viral load and thus accelerates the destruc- tion of CD4 cells. There is a highly dynamic balance of power between HIV and the immune system, which is slowly, dis- cussing genetic differences among hosts in theirimmuneresponsesandimmunemem- ory profiles

  3. Journal of Energy Engineering, American Society of Civil Engineers, Sept. 2007 Abstract: Application of individual distributed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) engines, gas turbines, microturbines, photovoltaic, fuel cells and wind-power. Most emerging technologies such as micro- turbines, photovoltaic, fuel cells and gas internal combustion engines with permanent magnet system as a whole. The size of emerging generation technologies permits generators to be placed optimally

  4. 2008-01-1367 Optimal Engine Calibration for Individual Driving Styles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Papalambros, Panos

    of generating physical and consistent outputs of a combustion engine based on actual inputs. HiL and SiL systems of several controllable variables. State-of-the-art simulation-based calibration methods permit. The engine is simulated over transient operation in response of a hypothetical driver's driving style

  5. Microfluidic Systems Integrated Microfluidic Systems**

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ismagilov, Rustem F.

    Microfluidic Systems Integrated Microfluidic Systems** Rustem F. Ismagilov* Keywords: analytical methods · enzymes · microfluidics · microreactors · protein structures Microfluidic systems use networks of channels thinner than a human hair to manipulate nanoliter volumes of re- agents. The goal of microfluidics

  6. Scandinavian Journal of Information Systems, 2000, 12 211 INFORMATION ABOUT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertelsen, Olav W.

    ©Scandinavian Journal of Information Systems, 2000, 12 211 INFORMATION ABOUT THE JOURNAL HOW TO SUBSCRIBE The Scandinavian Journal of Information Systems is published once a year from Volume 10. As from 1998 the journal is administrated by the IRIS Association. All subscribing as individuals will receive

  7. Solar Survey of PV System Owners: San Diego

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The purpose of the survey was to understand the motivation, challenges and benefits perceived by individuals who decided to install solar systems in the City of San Diego. Approximately 2000 surveys were sent, and 641 surveys were completed. The primary response was from the residential sector. Individuals had the option to reply electronically, using Survey Monkey, or to complete a paper survey. All responses were combined and checked to ensure that there were no duplicates.

  8. Dietary intake differences of depressed and nondepressed individuals and the mood altering effect of sucrose and caffeine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Houck, Sharla Dean

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    intake between depressed and nondepressed individuals and to determine whether carbohydrate and caffeine induce a mood altering effect in a group of depressed individuals. MATERIALS Af40 METHODS Incl si n/Ex lusion Criteria All depressed subjects... in subjects. This instrument contains 21, self-reported symptoms of depression rated on a four-point scale ranging from 0 to 3 in terms of severity. Generally, the cut off scores include 0 to 9, 10 to 18, 19 to 29 and 30 to 63 indicating asymptomatic, mild...

  9. ASRS: The Case for Confidential Incident Reporting Systems In April 2001, the world's largest confidential voluntary aviation reporting system, the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) and National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA the aviation community, both individually, and collectively, could place a high degree of trust. The FAA confidential voluntary aviation reporting system, the NASA Aviation Safety Reporting System (ASRS), celebrated

  10. Impairment in early stages of visual information processing in nonpsychotic schizotypic individuals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steronko, Robert Jon

    1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ; Haber and Hershenson, 1973) which assume that sensory information is first stored in a transient display system which Neisser (1967) termed iconic storage. Information in iconic storage is then scanned or "read out" into more central mechanisms (e.... g. , short-term memory). In backward masking, the second stimulus (mask) is seen as affecting the processing of the first stimulus (target) at this level, either during icon formation or in processinq from the icon to later stages (Haber...

  11. Fuel transfer system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Townsend, H.E.; Barbanti, G.

    1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A nuclear fuel bundle fuel transfer system includes a transfer pool containing water at a level above a reactor core. A fuel transfer machine therein includes a carriage disposed in the transfer pool and under the water for transporting fuel bundles. The carriage is selectively movable through the water in the transfer pool and individual fuel bundles are carried vertically in the carriage. In a preferred embodiment, a first movable bridge is disposed over an upper pool containing the reactor core, and a second movable bridge is disposed over a fuel storage pool, with the transfer pool being disposed therebetween. A fuel bundle may be moved by the first bridge from the reactor core and loaded into the carriage which transports the fuel bundle to the second bridge which picks up the fuel bundle and carries it to the fuel storage pool. 6 figures.

  12. In situ measurement system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lord, D.E.

    1980-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

    A multipurpose in situ underground measurement system comprising a plurality of long electrical resistance elements in the form of rigid reinforcing bars, each having an open loop hairpin configuration of shorter length than the other resistance elements. The resistance elements are arranged in pairs in a unitized structure, and grouted in place in the underground volume. Measurement means are provided for obtaining for each pair the electrical resistance of each element and the difference in electrical resistance of the paired elements, which difference values may be used in analytical methods involving resistance as a function of temperature. A scanner means sequentially connects the resistance-measuring apparatus to each individual pair of elements. A source of heating current is also selectively connectable for heating the elements to an initial predetermined temperature prior to electrical resistance measurements when used as an anemometer.

  13. Laser multiplexing system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Johnson, Steve A. (Tracy, CA); English, Jr., Ronald Edward (Tracy, CA); White, Ronald K. (Livermore, CA)

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A plurality of copper lasers, as radiant power sources, emits a beam of power carrying radiation. A plurality of fiber injection assemblies receives power from the plurality of copper lasers and injects such power into a plurality of fibers for individually transmitting the received power to a plurality of power-receiving devices. The power-transmitting fibers of the system are so arranged that power is delivered therethrough to each of the power-receiving devices such that, even if a few of the radiant power sources and/or fibers fail, the power supply to any of the power receiving devices will not completely drop to zero but will drop by the same proportionate amount.

  14. MEASURING TRANSIT SIGNAL RECOVERY IN THE KEPLER PIPELINE. I. INDIVIDUAL EVENTS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Christiansen, Jessie L.; Clarke, Bruce D.; Burke, Christopher J.; Jenkins, Jon M.; Haas, Michael R.; Seader, Shawn; Smith, Jeffrey Claiborne; Tenenbaum, Peter; Twicken, Joseph D.; Thompson, Susan E. [SETI Institute/NASA Ames Research Center, M/S 244-30, Moffett Field, CA 94035 (United States); Barclay, Thomas S. [Bay Area Environmental Research Institute/NASA Ames Research Center, M/S 244-30, Moffett Field, CA 94035 (United States); Ford, Eric B. [Astronomy Department, University of Florida, 211 Bryant Space Sciences Center, Gainesville, FL 32111 (United States); Sabale, Anima; Uddin, Akm Kamal, E-mail: jessie.l.christiansen@nasa.gov [Orbital Sciences Corporation/NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA 94035 (United States)

    2013-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The Kepler mission was designed to measure the frequency of Earth-size planets in the habitable zone of Sun-like stars. A crucial component for recovering the underlying planet population from a sample of detected planets is understanding the completeness of that sample-the fraction of the planets that could have been discovered in a given data set that actually were detected. Here, we outline the information required to determine the sample completeness, and describe an experiment to address a specific aspect of that question, i.e., the issue of transit signal recovery. We investigate the extent to which the Kepler pipeline preserves individual transit signals by injecting simulated transits into the pixel-level data, processing the modified pixels through the pipeline, and comparing the measured transit signal-to-noise ratio (S/N) to that expected without perturbation by the pipeline. We inject simulated transit signals across the full focal plane for a set of observations for a duration of 89 days. On average, we find that the S/N of the injected signal is recovered at MS = 0.9973({+-} 0.0012) Multiplication-Sign BS - 0.0151({+-} 0.0049), where MS is the measured S/N and BS is the baseline, or expected, S/N. The 1{sigma} width of the distribution around this correlation is {+-}2.64%. This indicates an extremely high fidelity in reproducing the expected detection statistics for single transit events, and provides teams performing their own periodic transit searches the confidence that there is no systematic reduction in transit signal strength introduced by the pipeline. We discuss the pipeline processes that cause the measured S/N to deviate significantly from the baseline S/N for a small fraction of targets; these are primarily the handling of data adjacent to spacecraft re-pointings and the removal of harmonics prior to the measurement of the S/N. Finally, we outline the further work required to characterize the completeness of the Kepler pipeline.

  15. Reliability Results of NERSC Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Petascale Data Storage Institute (PDSI); Mokhtarani, Akbar; Mokhtarani, Akbar; Kramer, William; Hick, Jason

    2008-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

    In order to address the needs of future scientific applications for storing and accessing large amounts of data in an efficient way, one needs to understand the limitations of current technologies and how they may cause systeminstability or unavailability. A number of factors can impact system availability ranging from facility-wide power outage to a single point of failure such as network switches or global file systems. In addition, individual component failure in a system can degrade the performance of that system. This paper focuses on analyzing both of these factors and their impacts on the computational and storage systems at NERSC. Component failure data presented in this report primarily focuses on disk drive in on of the computational system and tape drive failure in HPSS. NERSC collected available component failure data and system-wide outages for its computational and storage systems over a six-year period and made them available to the HPC community through the Petascale Data Storage Institute.

  16. INTERNATIONAL TRAVEL AND EXPORT CONTROL REGULATIONS When planning a trip abroad, individuals sometimes take information, technology and equipment with them.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farritor, Shane

    INTERNATIONAL TRAVEL AND EXPORT CONTROL REGULATIONS When planning a trip abroad, individuals to be aware of the impact of export control regulations when traveling internationally. Export control to most countries oftentimes does not raise any export control concerns. In some cases, an exclusion

  17. Statistics programs1 teach individuals to apply mathematical principles to the collection, analysis, and presentation of data.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lawrence, Rick L.

    Statistics programs1 teach individuals to apply mathematical principles to the collection, analysis and statistical knowledge to the design of surveys and experiments; collection, processing, and analysis of data; and interpretation of the results. Statisticians may apply their knowledge of statistical methods to a variety

  18. Kalman Filtering for Real-Time Individual Cylinder Air Fuel Ratio Observer on a Diesel Engine Test Bench

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kalman Filtering for Real-Time Individual Cylinder Air Fuel Ratio Observer on a Diesel Engine Test of a time-varying Kalman Filter based on a physics-based model for the engine dynamics. We prove Kalman filter. Performance is evaluated through test bench experiments on a 4 cylinder Diesel engine

  19. 30 CHAPTER 2. ABSTRACTS by tracking individual magnetic elements. The analysis reveals a strong spin down near the pole, which

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ng, Chung-Sang

    . SWAP will image the solar corona in a 17.5nm bandpass at a 1 min cadence. SWAP is dedicated to track30 CHAPTER 2. ABSTRACTS by tracking individual magnetic elements. The analysis reveals a strong PROBA2 is an ESA microsatellite scheduled for launch in May 2008. Its scientific payload includes solar

  20. arXiv:quant-ph/0104054v58Jun2004 Entanglement Concentration of Individual Photon Pairs via Linear Optical Logic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas at Austin. University of

    Optical Logic Chuanwei Zhang Department of Physics and Center for Nonlinear Dynamics, The University polarization-entangled state of individual photon pairs. The scheme uses only simple linear optical elements and may be feasible within current optical technology. PACS numbers: 03.67.-a, 03.65.Bz, 42.50.-p, 89.70+c

  1. 52293Federal Register / Vol. 79, No. 170 / Wednesday, September 3, 2014 / Proposed Rules that even if each threat individually

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    if each threat individually does not result in population-level effects that may warrant protection). For the other six petitioned species, we have specifically considered whether two or more of the threats or in the foreseeable future. We have no information to suggest that the identified threats to the species will work

  2. Differences in Physician Use of Electronic Health Records: Development of a Scale Assessing Individual Factors Influencing Physician Actualization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wesner, Kylene J

    2014-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

    throughout the day. Using a Theory of Organization-EHR Affordance Actualization as a guiding framework, the focus of this dissertation is to examine the factors that influence how physicians use the EHR at the individual-level during clinical interactions...

  3. Chapter 2: Evolution and Communication The popular conception of evolution is "survival of the fittest". The fittest individuals of a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    in evolution theory, using the notion of the replicator as a starting point (section 2.1). The survival12 Chapter 2: Evolution and Communication The popular conception of evolution is "survival of the fittest". The fittest individuals of a generation survive, enabling themselves to reproduce and to pass

  4. Individual GaN Nanowires Exhibit Strong Piezoelectricity in 3D Majid Minary-Jolandan, Rodrigo A. Bernal, Irma Kuljanishvili,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Espinosa, Horacio D.

    Individual GaN Nanowires Exhibit Strong Piezoelectricity in 3D Majid Minary-Jolandan, Rodrigo A, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois 60208, United States ABSTRACT: Semiconductor GaN NWs are promising, the electromechanical coupling leads to a third rank tensor that for wurtzite crystals (GaN NWs) possesses three

  5. Lavender Foal Syndrome Hair Sample Sheet Please tape hair samples within boxed area as illustrated and place in individual envelope.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keinan, Alon

    Lavender Foal Syndrome Hair Sample Sheet Please tape hair samples within boxed area as illustrated and place in individual envelope. *Pull 50 hairs from the tail or mane (do not use hairs shed on brush) #Hairs must be pulled, not cut #Hairs must contain hair root *Align the "roots" of the hairs and trim

  6. Thermal Analysis for Ion-Exchange Column System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, Si Y.; King, William D.

    2012-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Models have been developed to simulate the thermal characteristics of crystalline silicotitanate ion exchange media fully loaded with radioactive cesium either in a column configuration or distributed within a waste storage tank. This work was conducted to support the design and operation of a waste treatment process focused on treating dissolved, high-sodium salt waste solutions for the removal of specific radionuclides. The ion exchange column will be installed inside a high level waste storage tank at the Savannah River Site. After cesium loading, the ion exchange media may be transferred to the waste tank floor for interim storage. Models were used to predict temperature profiles in these areas of the system where the cesium-loaded media is expected to lead to localized regions of elevated temperature due to radiolytic decay. Normal operating conditions and accident scenarios (including loss of solution flow, inadvertent drainage, and loss of active cooling) were evaluated for the ion exchange column using bounding conditions to establish the design safety basis. The modeling results demonstrate that the baseline design using one central and four outer cooling tubes provides a highly efficient cooling mechanism for reducing the maximum column temperature. In-tank modeling results revealed that an idealized hemispherical mound shape leads to the highest tank floor temperatures. In contrast, even large volumes of CST distributed in a flat layer with a cylindrical shape do not result in significant floor heating.

  7. Electric Power Interruption Cost Estimates for Individual Industries, Sectors, and U.S. Economy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Balducci, Patrick J.; Roop, Joseph M.; Schienbein, Lawrence A.; DeSteese, John G.; Weimar, Mark R.

    2002-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

    During the last 20 years, utilities and researchers have begun to understand the value in the collection and analysis of interruption cost data. The continued investigation of the monetary impact of power outages will facilitate the advancement of the analytical methods used to measure the costs and benefits from the perspective of the energy consumer. More in-depth analysis may be warranted because of the privatization and deregulation of power utilities, price instability in certain regions of the U.S. and the continued evolution of alternative auxiliary power systems.

  8. This list does not imply DOE endorsement of the individuals or companies identif

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOriginEducationVideoStrategic|Industrial Sector,Department Third Report toJuly 2011DOEFan System

  9. Managing System of Systems Requirements with a Requirements Screening Group

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ronald R. Barden

    2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Figuring out an effective and efficient way to manage not only your Requirement’s Baseline, but also the development of all your individual requirements during a Program’s/Project’s Conceptual and Development Life Cycle Stages can be both daunting and difficult. This is especially so when you are dealing with a complex and large System of Systems (SoS) Program with potentially thousands and thousands of Top Level Requirements as well as an equal number of lower level System, Subsystem and Configuration Item requirements that need to be managed. This task is made even more overwhelming when you have to add in integration with multiple requirements’ development teams (e.g., Integrated Product Development Teams (IPTs)) and/or numerous System/Subsystem Design Teams. One solution for tackling this difficult activity on a recent large System of Systems Program was to develop and make use of a Requirements Screening Group (RSG). This group is essentially a Team made up of co-chairs from the various Stakeholders with an interest in the Program of record that are enabled and accountable for Requirements Development on the Program/Project. The RSG co-chairs, often with the help of individual support team, work together as a Program Board to monitor, make decisions on, and provide guidance on all Requirements Development activities during the Conceptual and Development Life Cycle Stages of a Program/Project. In addition, the RSG can establish and maintain the Requirements Baseline, monitor and enforce requirements traceability across the entire Program, and work with other elements of the Program/Project to ensure integration and coordination.

  10. Incentive Compatible Online Scheduling of Malleable Parallel Jobs with Individual Deadlines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carroll, Thomas E.; Grosu, Daniel

    2010-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider the online scheduling of malleable jobs on parallel systems, such as clusters, symmetric multiprocessing computers, and multi-core processor computers. Malleable jobs is a model of parallel processing in which jobs adapt to the number of processors assigned to them. This model permits the scheduler and resource manager to make more ef?cient use of the available resources. Each malleable job is characterized by arrival time, deadline, and value. If the job completes by its deadline, the user earns the payoff indicated by the value; otherwise, she earns a payoff of zero. The scheduling objective is to maximize the sum of the values of the jobs that complete by their associated deadlines. Complicating the matter is that users in the real world are rational and they will attempt to manipulate the scheduler by misreporting their jobs’ parameters if it bene?ts them to do so. To mitigate this behavior, we design an incentive compatible online scheduling mechanism. Incentive compatibility assures us that the users will obtain the maximum payoff only if they truthfully report their jobs’ parameters to the scheduler. Finally, we simulate and study the mechanism to show the effects of misreports on the cheaters and on the system.

  11. 5, 14791509, 2008 Staged cost

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    HESSD 5, 1479­1509, 2008 Staged cost optimization of urban storm drainage systems M. Maharjan et al Staged cost optimization of urban storm drainage systems based on hydraulic performance in a changing optimization of urban storm drainage systems M. Maharjan et al. Title Page Abstract Introduction Conclusions

  12. Syllabet Spring 2008 BEE 474. Water and Landscape Engineering Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter, M.Todd

    of drainage and irrigation systems in the landscape. The course addresses aspects of soil physics, flow. The course covers site evaluation, planning, and design procedures for drainage and irrigation systems and ecosystem problems, plan and design drainage and irrigation systems, and evaluate the advantages

  13. Syllabet Spring 2007 BEE 474. Water and Landscape Engineering Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter, M.Todd

    of drainage and irrigation systems in the landscape. The course addresses aspects of soil physics, flow. The course covers site evaluation, planning, and design procedures for drainage and irrigation systems and ecosystem problems, plan and design drainage and irrigation systems, and evaluate the advantages

  14. Methods of defining ontologies, word disambiguation methods, computer systems, and articles of manufacture

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sanfilippo, Antonio P [Richland, WA; Tratz, Stephen C [Richland, WA; Gregory, Michelle L [Richland, WA; Chappell, Alan R [Seattle, WA; Whitney, Paul D [Richland, WA; Posse, Christian [Seattle, WA; Baddeley, Robert L [Richland, WA; Hohimer, Ryan E [West Richland, WA

    2011-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Methods of defining ontologies, word disambiguation methods, computer systems, and articles of manufacture are described according to some aspects. In one aspect, a word disambiguation method includes accessing textual content to be disambiguated, wherein the textual content comprises a plurality of words individually comprising a plurality of word senses, for an individual word of the textual content, identifying one of the word senses of the word as indicative of the meaning of the word in the textual content, for the individual word, selecting one of a plurality of event classes of a lexical database ontology using the identified word sense of the individual word, and for the individual word, associating the selected one of the event classes with the textual content to provide disambiguation of a meaning of the individual word in the textual content.

  15. Technology reviews: Dynamic curtain wall systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schuman, J.; Rubinstein, F.; Papamichael, K.; Beltran, L.; Lee, E.S.; Selkowitz, S.

    1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a representative review of existing, emerging, and future technology options in each of five hardware and systems areas in envelope and lighting technologies: lighting systems, glazing systems, shading systems, daylighting optical systems, and dynamic curtain wall systems. The term technology is used here to describe any design choice for energy efficiency, ranging from individual components to more complex systems to general design strategies. The purpose of this task is to characterize die state of the art in envelope and lighting technologies in order to identify those with promise for advanced integrated systems, with an emphasis on California commercial buildings. For each technology category, the following activities have been attempted to the extent possible: Identify key performance characteristics and criteria for each technology. Determine the performance range of available technologies. Identify the most promising technologies and promising trends in technology advances. Examine market forces and market trends. Develop a continuously growing in-house database to be used throughout the project. A variety of information sources have been used in these technology characterizations, including miscellaneous periodicals, manufacturer catalogs and cut sheets, other research documents, and data from previous computer simulations. We include these different sources in order to best show the type and variety of data available, however publication here does not imply our guarantee of these data. Within each category, several broad classes are identified, and within each class we examine the generic individual technologies that fall into that class.

  16. Integrated Demand Controlled Ventilation for Single Duct VAV System with Conference Rooms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Y.; Liu, M.; Cho, Y.; Xu, K.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Single duct variable air volume (VAV) systems are widely used in office buildings to achieve energy savings. It supplies proper amount of conditioned air to satisfy both the load and the ventilation requirements of each individual zone. To obtain...

  17. Linear Processing for the Downlink in Multiuser MIMO Systems with Multiple Data Streams

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adve, Raviraj

    the reliability and data rate of a transmission. More recently, researchers have investigated using downlink problem with individual SINR constraints in a multiple-input single-output (MISO) system, i

  18. Integrated Microfluidics/Electrochemical Sensor System for Field-Monitoring of Toxic Metals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lin, Yuehe; Matson, Dean W.; Bennett, Wendy D.; Thrall, K D.; Timchalk, Chuck; W. Ehrfeld

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Discusses a miniaturized analytical system based on a microfluidics/electrochemical detection scheme. Individual modules, such as microfabricated piezoelectrically actuated pumps, a micro-membrane separator and a microelectrochemical cell will be integrated onto a portable platform.

  19. Tracking system for solar collectors

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Butler, Barry L. (Golden, CO)

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A tracking system is provided for pivotally mounted spaced-apart solar collectors. A pair of cables is connected to spaced-apart portions of each collector, and a driver displaces the cables, thereby causing the collectors to pivot about their mounting, so as to assume the desired orientation. The collectors may be of the cylindrical type as well as the flat-plate type. Rigid spar-like linkages may be substituted for the cables. Releasable attachments of the cables to the collectors is also described, as is a fine tuning mechanism for precisely aligning each individual collector.

  20. Tracking system for solar collectors

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Butler, B.

    1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A tracking system is provided for pivotally mounted spaced-apart solar collectors. A pair of cables is connected to spaced-apart portions of each collector, and a driver displaces the cables, thereby causing the collectors to pivot about their mounting, so as to assume the desired orientation. The collectors may be of the cylindrical type as well as the flat-plate type. Rigid spar-like linkages may be substituted for the cables. Releasable attachments of the cables to the collectors is also described, as is a fine tuning mechanism for precisely aligning each individual collector.