National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for individual drainage systems

  1. Sediment management in sustainable urban drainage system ponds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sediment management in sustainable urban drainage system ponds K.V. Heal*, D.A. Hepburn** and R.lunn@strath.ac.uk) Abstract Since removal and disposal of sustainable urban drainage system (SUDS) sediment can incur high maintenance costs, assessments of sediment volumes, quality and frequency of removal are required. Sediment

  2. EA-1093: Surface Water Drainage System, Golden, Colorado

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of the proposal to correct deficiencies in, and then to maintain, the surface water drainage system serving the U.S. Department of Energy's Rocky Flats...

  3. Streams and Drainage Systems Stream Channel: natural passageway

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gung, Yuancheng

    ;Base Level The stream's potential energy decreases as it flows downslope, and falls to zeroStreams and Drainage Systems #12; - / - - #12; - - - - #12; (Stream) #12;Stream Channel: natural passageway A stream's discharge may vary along the channel and through the time because

  4. Surface water drainage system. Environmental assessment and finding of no significant impact

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1996-05-01

    This Environmental Assessment (EA) is written pursuant to the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA). The document identifies and evaluates the action proposed to correct deficiencies in, and then to maintain, the surface water drainage system serving the Department of Energy`s Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site (Site), located north of Golden, Colorado. Many of the activities proposed would not normally be subject to this level of NEPA documentation. However, in many cases, maintenance of the system has been deferred to the point that wetlands vegetation has become established in some ditches and culverts, creating wetlands. The proposed activities would damage or remove some of these wetlands in order to return the drainage system to the point that it would be able to fully serve its intended function - stormwater control. The Department of Energy (DOE) regulations require that activities affecting environmentally sensitive areas like wetlands be the subject of an EA. Most portions of the surface water drainage system are presently inadequate to convey the runoff from a 100-year storm event. As a result, such an event would cause flooding across much of the Site and possibly threaten the integrity of the dams at the terminal ponds. Severe flooding would not only cause damage to facilities and equipment, but could also facilitate the transport of contaminants from individual hazardous substance sites (IHSSs). Uncontrolled flow through the A- and B-series ponds could cause contaminated sediments to become suspended and carried downstream. Additionally, high velocity flood flows significantly increase erosion losses.

  5. Biofilms as sources of fecal bacteria contamination in the stormwater drainage system in Singapore

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burkhart, Tsung Hwa (Tsung Hwa Sophia)

    2013-01-01

    A study was performed to examine a possible source of fecal bacteria contamination originating from within the stormwater drainage system in Singapore. The extent of fecal bacteria presence in storm drain biofilms was ...

  6. Defining manganese(II) removal processes in passive coal mine drainage treatment systems through laboratory incubation experiments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burgos, William

    Defining manganese(II) removal processes in passive coal mine drainage treatment systems through Building, University Park, PA 16802, USA b Smithsonian Institution, PO Box 37012, MRC 119, Washington, DC for the passive removal of Mn(II) from coal mine drainage (CMD). Aqueous Mn(II) is removed via oxidative

  7. Geosynthetics International, 2004, 11, No. 1 Liquid flow equations for drainage systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zornberg, Jorge G.

    overlain by a sand protective layer (Figure 1). It should be noted that only the upper geotextile of the drainage geocomposite is shown in Figure 1. In many cases, there is a geotextile heat-bonded to the lower face of the geosynthetic drainage medium for stability purposes. This geotextile is not shown in Figure

  8. Treatment and prevention systems for acid mine drainage and halogenated contaminants

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Jin, Song (Fort Collins, CO); Fallgren, Paul H. (Laramie, WY); Morris, Jeffrey M. (Laramie, WY)

    2012-01-31

    Embodiments include treatments for acid mine drainage generation sources (10 perhaps by injection of at least one substrate (11) and biologically constructing a protective biofilm (13) on acid mine drainage generation source materials (14). Further embodiments include treatments for degradation of contaminated water environments (17) with substrates such as returned milk and the like.

  9. Tile Drainage 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leidigh, A.H.; Gee, E.C.

    1916-01-01

    STATIOP, BULLETIN NO. 188 APRIL, 1916 TI-LE DRAINAGE POSTOFFICE: COLLEGE STATION, BRAZOS C TEXAS AUSTIN, TEXAS VON BOECKMANN-JONES CO., PRINTERS 1916 [Blank Page in Original Bulletin] TEXAS AGRICULTURAL IT STATIOP BULLETIN NO. 188 / APRIL..., If --- -- TILE DRAINAGE A. H. LEIDIGH, B; S., Agronomist AND C. GEE, B. S. Ag. E., Professor of Agricultural Engineer, Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas COLLEGE STA' POSTOFFICE- RAZOS C , TEXAS ing VON BO @+ J,TEXAS ONES CO., 1 316 AGE...

  10. Information technology and innovative drainage management practices for selenium load reduction from irrigated agriculture to provide stakeholder assurances and meet contaminant mass loading policy objectives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quinn, N.W.T.

    2010-01-01

    were retrofitted on drainage sumps and discharge pointsat individual tile drainage sumps. Water districts alsoestimate the drainage flow contribution from each sump and

  11. Flooding in urban drainage systems: Coupling hyperbolic conservation laws for sewer systems and surface flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borsche, Raul

    2014-01-01

    In this paper we propose a model for a sewer network coupled to surface flow and investigate it numerically. In particular, we present a new model for the manholes in storm sewer systems. It is derived using the balance of the total energy in the complete network. The resulting system of equations contains, aside from hyperbolic conservation laws for the sewer network and algebraic relations for the coupling conditions, a system of ODEs governing the flow in the manholes. The manholes provide natural points for the interaction of the sewer system and the run off on the urban surface modelled by shallow water equations. Finally, a numerical method for the coupled system is presented. In several numerical tests we study the influence of the manhole model on the sewer system and the coupling with 2D surface flow.

  12. Transient drainage summary report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-09-01

    This report summarizes the history of transient drainage issues on the Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project. It defines and describes the UMTRA Project disposal cell transient drainage process and chronicles UMTRA Project treatment of the transient drainage phenomenon. Section 4.0 includes a conceptual cross section of each UMTRA Project disposal site and summarizes design and construction information, the ground water protection strategy, and the potential for transient drainage.

  13. An investigation of leaky sewers as a source of fecal contamination in the stormwater drainage system in Singapore

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doshi, Janhvi (Janhvi Manoj)

    2012-01-01

    A preliminary investigation was conducted into possible pathways for fecal contamination to enter stormwater drains from leaky underground sewer lines in Singapore. The island's drainage channels flow into catchment ...

  14. Estimating erosional exhumation on Titan from drainage network morphology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perron, J. Taylor

    Drainage networks on Titan, Earth, and Mars provide the only known examples of non-volcanic fluvial activity in our solar system. The drainage networks on Titan are apparently the result of a methane-ethane cycle similar ...

  15. Clogging Potential of Tire Shred-Drainage Layer in Landfill Cover Systems Krishna R. Reddy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    systems. Tests were also conducted by placing a geotextile filter between the soil and the shredded tire and weighed. If a geotextile was used, it was also removed, dried and weighed. The mass of the soil from 4 to 15%, depending on the presence of a geotextile and the thickness of the soil layer. Despite

  16. Electricity Generation from Synthetic Acid-Mine Drainage (AMD) Water

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Electricity Generation from Synthetic Acid-Mine Drainage (AMD) Water using Fuel Cell Technologies, 2007. Acid-mine drainage (AMD) is difficult and costly to treat. We investigated a new approach to AMD and systems suitable for scale-up. Introduction Acid-mine drainage (AMD) is a serious environmental problem

  17. Boom Drainage: revisited 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manihar, Nikita

    1998-01-01

    . Booms fail to retain oil under certain circumstances. This boom failure occurs by several modes of which Drainage and Entraimnent are the common modes of boom failure. This phenomenon of Boom Drainage which causes a boom to fail is the focus...

  18. Work extraction and thermodynamics for individual quantum systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paul Skrzypczyk; Anthony J. Short; Sandu Popescu

    2014-09-26

    Thermodynamics is traditionally concerned with systems comprised of a large number of particles. Here we present a framework for extending thermodynamics to individual quantum systems, including explicitly a thermal bath and work-storage device (essentially a `weight' that can be raised or lowered). We prove that the second law of thermodynamics holds in our framework, and give a simple protocol to extract the optimal amount of work from the system, equal to its change in free energy. Our results apply to any quantum system in an arbitrary initial state, in particular including non-equilibrium situations. The optimal protocol is essentially reversible, similar to classical Carnot cycles, and indeed, we show that it can be used it to construct a quantum Carnot engine.

  19. Multifamily Individual Heating and Ventilation Systems, Lawrence, Massachusetts (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2013-11-01

    The conversion of an older Massachusetts building into condominiums illustrates a safe, durable, and cost-effective solution for heating and ventilation systems that can potentially benefit millions of multifamily buildings. Merrimack Valley Habitat for Humanity (MVHfH) partnered with U.S. Department of Energy Building America team Building Science Corporation (BSC) to provide high performance affordable housing for 10 families in the retrofit of an existing mass masonry building (a former convent). The original ventilation design for the project was provided by a local engineer and consisted of a single large heat recovery ventilator (HRV) located in a mechanical room in the basement with a centralized duct system providing supply air to the main living space and exhausting stale air from the single bathroom in each apartment. This design was deemed to be far too costly to install and operate for several reasons: the large central HRV was oversized and the specified flows to each apartment were much higher than the ASHRAE 62.2 rate; an extensive system of ductwork, smoke and fire dampers, and duct chases were specified; ductwork required a significant area of dropped ceilings; and the system lacked individual ventilation control in the apartments

  20. Minerals and mine drainage

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liang, H.C.; Thomson, B.M. [Tetra Technical Inc, Denver, CO (United States)

    2009-09-15

    A review of literature published in 2008 and early 2009 on research related to the production of acid mine drainage and/or in the dissolution of minerals as a result of mining, with special emphasis on the effects of these phenomena on the water quality in the surrounding environment, is presented. This review is divided into six sections: 1) Site Characterization and Assessment, 2) Protection, Prevention, and Restoration, 3) Toxicity Assessment, 4) Environmental Fate and Transport, 5) Biological Characterization, and 6) Treatment Technologies. Because there is much overlap in research areas associated with minerals and mine drainage, many papers presented in this review can be classified into more than one category, and the six sections should not be regarded as being mutually-exclusive, nor should they be thought of as being all-inclusive.

  1. Clyde Tunnel refurbishment: Modelling the performance of the new lining system and drainage channel in the event of a fire 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carvel, Ricky O; Torero, Jose L

    2006-04-19

    The Clyde Tunnel in Glasgow, Scotland, is currently undergoing refurbishment. This refurbishment includes the installation of a new tunnel lining / fire protection system in both tunnel tubes. This lining system has ...

  2. Intelligent Unmanned Vehicle Systems Suitable For Individual or Cooperative Missions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Matthew O. Anderson; Mark D. McKay; Derek C. Wadsworth

    2007-04-01

    The Department of Energy’s Idaho National Laboratory (INL) has been researching autonomous unmanned vehicle systems for the past several years. Areas of research have included unmanned ground and aerial vehicles used for hazardous and remote operations as well as teamed together for advanced payloads and mission execution. Areas of application include aerial particulate sampling, cooperative remote radiological sampling, and persistent surveillance including real-time mosaic and geo-referenced imagery in addition to high resolution still imagery. Both fixed-wing and rotary airframes are used possessing capabilities spanning remote control to fully autonomous operation. Patented INL-developed auto steering technology is taken advantage of to provide autonomous parallel path swathing with either manned or unmanned ground vehicles. Aerial look-ahead imagery is utilized to provide a common operating picture for the ground and air vehicle during cooperative missions. This paper will discuss the various robotic vehicles, including sensor integration, used to achieve these missions and anticipated cost and labor savings.

  3. Metabolically active eukaryotic communities in extremely acidic mine drainage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baker, Brett J; Lutz, M A; Dawson, S C; Bond, P L; Banfield, J F

    2004-01-01

    Microbial communities in acid mine drainage. FEMS Microbiol.Biogeochem- istry of acid mine drainage at Iron Mountain,in an extreme acid mine drainage environment. Appl. Environ.

  4. Experimental characterization of foam drainage and stability 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheth, Vikas Rameshchandra

    1993-01-01

    A novel experimental procedure to characterize the stability of foams is established. The procedure involves the unsteady state drainage of liquid from a stationary foam due to an applied pressure difference (forced drainage)- Unlike other bulk...

  5. Tile Drainage Modifications to Reduce Nitrate Losses in an Agricultural Watershed: Integration of Biophysical and Social

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David, Mark B.

    as knowledge of stakeholder acceptance and barriers (and what incentives might overcome the barriers (research objective). 3. Demonstrate how modified drainage systems can improve local water quality to water quality and acceptance of modified drainage systems, leading to better targeted extension

  6. Individual addressing of trapped $^{171}$Yb$^+$ ion qubits using a MEMS-based beam steering system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Crain; E. Mount; S. Baek; J. Kim

    2014-09-18

    The ability to individually manipulate the increasing number of qubits is one of the many challenges towards scalable quantum information processing with trapped ions. Using micro-mirrors fabricated with micro-electromechanical systems (MEMS) technology, we focus laser beams on individual ions in a linear chain and steer the focal point in two dimensions. We demonstrate sequential single qubit gates on multiple $^{171}$Yb$^+$ qubits and characterize the gate performance using quantum state tomography. Our system features negligible crosstalk to neighboring ions ($< 3\\times 10^{-4}$), and switching speed comparable to typical single qubit gate times ($<$ 2 $\\mu$s).

  7. Individual addressing of trapped $^{171}$Yb$^+$ ion qubits using a MEMS-based beam steering system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crain, S; Baek, S; Kim, J

    2014-01-01

    The ability to individually manipulate the increasing number of qubits is one of the many challenges towards scalable quantum information processing with trapped ions. Using micro-mirrors fabricated with micro-electromechanical systems (MEMS) technology, we focus laser beams on individual ions in a linear chain and steer the focal point in two dimensions. We demonstrate sequential single qubit gates on multiple $^{171}$Yb$^+$ qubits and characterize the gate performance using quantum state tomography. Our system features negligible crosstalk to neighboring ions ($< 3\\times 10^{-4}$), and switching speed comparable to typical single qubit gate times ($<$ 2 $\\mu$s).

  8. Education system Indonesia There is some variation in the grading systems used for individual subjects in Indonesia. These variations include number grade or

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New South Wales, University of

    Education system ­ Indonesia There is some variation in the grading systems used for individual subjects in Indonesia. These variations include number grade or point systems, description grades, letter

  9. Measure Guideline: Guidance on Taped Insulating Sheathing Drainage Planes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grin, A.; Lstiburek, J.

    2014-09-01

    The goal of this research is to provide durable and long-term water management solutions using exterior insulating sheathing as part of the water management system. It is possible to tape or seal the joints in insulating sheathing to create a drainage plane and even an air control layer. There exists the material durability component of the tape as well as the system durability component being the taped insulating sheathing as the drainage plane. This measure guideline provides best practice and product recommendations from the interviewed contractors and homebuilders who collectively have a vast amount of experience. Three significant issues were discussed with the group, which are required to make taped insulating sheathing a simple, long-term, and durable drainage plane: horizontal joints should be limited or eliminated wherever possible; where a horizontal joint exists use superior materials; and frequent installation inspection and regular trade training are required to maintain proper installation.

  10. Computational model, method, and system for kinetically-tailoring multi-drug chemotherapy for individuals

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gardner, Shea Nicole (San Leandro, CA)

    2007-10-23

    A method and system for tailoring treatment regimens to individual patients with diseased cells exhibiting evolution of resistance to such treatments. A mathematical model is provided which models rates of population change of proliferating and quiescent diseased cells using cell kinetics and evolution of resistance of the diseased cells, and pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic models. Cell kinetic parameters are obtained from an individual patient and applied to the mathematical model to solve for a plurality of treatment regimens, each having a quantitative efficacy value associated therewith. A treatment regimen may then be selected from the plurlaity of treatment options based on the efficacy value.

  11. Optimal Spacing in an Array of Fully Penetrating Ditches for Subsurface Drainage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chahar, B. R.

    Optimal Spacing in an Array of Fully Penetrating Ditches for Subsurface Drainage Bhagu R. Chahar1 courses, race courses, parks, and other amenities Chahar and Vadodaria 2008 . Subsurface drainage system 1995 . An extensive solu- tion has been obtained by Chahar and Vadodaria 2008 for drain- age from

  12. Real-Time Detection Method And System For Identifying Individual Aerosol Particles

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gard, Eric Evan (San Francisco, CA); Fergenson, David Philip (Livermore, CA)

    2005-10-25

    A method and system of identifying individual aerosol particles in real time. Sample aerosol particles are compared against and identified with substantially matching known particle types by producing positive and negative test spectra of an individual aerosol particle using a bipolar single particle mass spectrometer. Each test spectrum is compared to spectra of the same respective polarity in a database of predetermined positive and negative spectra for known particle types and a set of substantially matching spectra is obtained. Finally the identity of the individual aerosol particle is determined from the set of substantially matching spectra by determining a best matching one of the known particle types having both a substantially matching positive spectrum and a substantially matching negative spectrum associated with the best matching known particle type.

  13. EduNET: A Prototype Educational System Based on Handwritten and Verbal Interaction for Individuals with Multiple Sclerosis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deng, Zhigang

    with Multiple Sclerosis Chang Hoon Yun, M.S.1 , Zhigang Deng, Ph.D.1 , Olin Johnson, Ph.D.1 and Oscar Criner, Ph educational system as an intelligent tutorial system for individuals having multiple sclerosis in various as an effective tool for the individuals with multiple sclerosis. KEYWORDS Educational System Software

  14. Postglacial adjustment of steep, low-order drainage basins, Canadian Rocky Mountains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Edward A.

    Postglacial adjustment of steep, low-order drainage basins, Canadian Rocky Mountains T. Hoffmann,1 sediment flux in mountain systems. An important, but not well constrained, aspect of Pleistocene glacial for mountain headwaters (with basin area

  15. Real-time detection method and system for identifying individual aerosol particles

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gard, Eric E. (San Francisco, CA); Coffee, Keith R. (Patterson, CA); Frank, Matthias (Oakland, CA); Tobias, Herbert J. (Kensington, CA); Fergenson, David P. (Alamo, CA); Madden, Norm (Livermore, CA); Riot, Vincent J. (Berkeley, CA); Steele, Paul T. (Livermore, CA); Woods, Bruce W. (Livermore, CA)

    2007-08-21

    An improved method and system of identifying individual aerosol particles in real time. Sample aerosol particles are collimated, tracked, and screened to determine which ones qualify for mass spectrometric analysis based on predetermined qualification or selection criteria. Screening techniques include one or more of determining particle size, shape, symmetry, and fluorescence. Only qualifying particles passing all screening criteria are subject to desorption/ionization and single particle mass spectrometry to produce corresponding test spectra, which is used to determine the identities of each of the qualifying aerosol particles by comparing the test spectra against predetermined spectra for known particle types. In this manner, activation cycling of a particle ablation laser of a single particle mass spectrometer is reduced.

  16. Community Genomic, Proteomic, and Transcriptomic Analyses of Acid Mine Drainage Biofilm Communities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goltsman, Daniela

    2013-01-01

    T, Banfield J. 2004. Acid mine drainage biogeochemistry atof eukaryotes in acid mine drainage biofilm communities.III) bacteria in acid mine drainage biofilms. Appl Environ

  17. Safe end treatments for roadside drainage culverts 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackson, Benito

    1980-01-01

    Setup . 16 Wheel Hub and Car Displacement vs. Time for Clear Plate Opening Run, Test 1, 25 mph, 1974 Honda Civic 21 23 24 X1 LIST OF FIGURES (cont. ) Ficiure 17 Concrete Drainage Culvert with Safety Grate 18 Test Pit Setup for Simulation... several questions concerning cross-drainage culverts and the use of safety grates. For example: How big in d1ameter does a culvert have to be before a safety grate 1s required? What is the max1mum spacing of bars in a grate such that a passenger car...

  18. Mineralogical transformations controlling acid mine drainage1 T. Peretyazhko*1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burgos, William

    Mineralogical transformations controlling acid mine drainage1 chemistry2 3 4 5 T. Peretyazhko*1 , J drainage, schwertmannite, mineralogical transformations65 #12;4 1. Introduction66 Acid mine drainage (AMD tetyana.peretyazhko@pnl.gov.35 #12;2 Abstract36 The role of Fe(III) minerals in controlling acid mine

  19. SIMULATING TRANSPORT AND GEOCHEMICAL EVOLUTION OF ACID MINE DRAINAGE THROUGH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aubertin, Michel

    SIMULATING TRANSPORT AND GEOCHEMICAL EVOLUTION OF ACID MINE DRAINAGE THROUGH DISCRETELY FRACTURED Waste Management ABSTRACT A modelling study is performed to assess the evolution of acid mine drainage-geochemical and geo-mechanical models for predicting environmental impacts of acid mine drainage in complex mining

  20. Identifying evolving multivariate dynamics in individual and cohort time series, with application to physiological control systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nemati, Shamim, 1980-

    2013-01-01

    Physiological control systems involve multiple interacting variables operating in feedback loops that enhance an organism's ability to self-regulate and respond to internal and external disturbances. The resulting multivariate ...

  1. Existing Whole-House Solutions Case Study: Multifamily Individual Heating and Ventilation Systems, Lawrence, Massachusetts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2013-11-01

    The conversion of an older Massachusetts building into condominiums illustrates a safe, durable, and cost-effective solution for heating and ventilation systems that can potentially benefit millions of multifamily buildings. In this project, Merrimack Valley Habitat for Humanity (MVHfH) partnered with U.S. Department of Energy Building America team Building Science Corporation (BSC) to provide high performance affordable housing for 10 families in the retrofit of an existing mass masonry building (a former convent).

  2. Bioreactor for acid mine drainage control

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Zaluski, Marek H. (Butte, MT); Manchester, Kenneth R. (Butte, MT)

    2001-01-01

    A bioreactor for reacting an aqueous heavy metal and sulfate containing mine drainage solution with sulfate reducing bacteria to produce heavy metal sulfides and reduce the sulfuric acid content of the solution. The reactor is an elongated, horizontal trough defining an inlet section and a reaction section. An inlet manifold adjacent the inlet section distributes aqueous mine drainage solution into the inlet section for flow through the inlet section and reaction section. A sulfate reducing bacteria and bacteria nutrient composition in the inlet section provides sulfate reducing bacteria that with the sulfuric acid and heavy metals in the solution to form solid metal sulfides. The sulfate reducing bacteria and bacteria nutrient composition is retained in the cells of a honeycomb structure formed of cellular honeycomb panels mounted in the reactor inlet section. The honeycomb panels extend upwardly in the inlet section at an acute angle with respect to the horizontal. The cells defined in each panel are thereby offset with respect to the honeycomb cells in each adjacent panel in order to define a tortuous path for the flow of the aqueous solution.

  3. Three-Phase Modular Cascaded H-Bridge Multilevel Inverter with Individual MPPT for Grid-Connected Photovoltaic Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xiao, Bailu [ORNL; Hang, Lijun [ORNL; Riley, Cameron [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Tolbert, Leon M [ORNL; Ozpineci, Burak [ORNL

    2013-01-01

    A three-phase modular cascaded H-bridge multilevel inverter for a grid-connected photovoltaic (PV) system is presented in this paper. To maximize the solar energy extraction of each PV string, an individual maximum power point tracking (MPPT) control scheme is applied, which allows the independent control of each dc-link voltage. PV mismatches may introduce unbalanced power supplied to the three-phase system. To solve this issue, a control scheme with modulation compensation is proposed. The three-phase modular cascaded multilevel inverter prototype has been built. Each H-bridge is connected to a 185 W solar panel. Simulation and experimental results are presented to validate the proposed ideas.

  4. Comparative genomics in acid mine drainage biofilm communities reveals metabolic and structural differentiation of co-occurring archaea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01

    genomics in acid mine drainage biofilm communities revealsextreme acidophiles from acid mine drainage and industrialacidophile important in acid mine drainage. Science 2000,

  5. Passive removal of manganese from acid mine drainage

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brant, D.L.; Ziemkiewicz, P.F. [West Virginia Univ., Morgantown, WV (United States)

    1997-12-31

    Removal of manganese (Mn) from mine drainage is difficult due to the abnormal chemistry of the element. The removal requires the oxidation of Mn(II) (the form found in mine drainage) to the more oxidized forms (Mn(III) or Mn(IV)). The more oxidized forms exist only as solids and will not return to Mn(II) spontaneously. Chemical treatment of Mn often requires a pH near 10 to initiate the oxidation quickly. A stabilized pH of 10 normally causes more harm to aquatic organisms than the Mn and is not desirable, making additional steps in the treatment necessary. Biological removal of Mn can be achieved at near neutral pH levels. The Shade Mining site in Somerset County, PA has been treating Mn to discharge limits since the early 1990`s (reducing Mn concentrations from 12 - 25 mg/L in the influent to <2 mg/L in the effluent). The treatment system consists of an anoxic limestone drain discharging into a wetland to remove iron, aluminum, and acidity, while increasing pH and alkalinity. The wetland effluent flows into two limestone beds (Mn removal). The limestone beds developed a black slime coating as the Mn removal increased. This system continues to remove Mn in all weather conditions and has not required chemical treatment since the black coating appeared on the limestone. A laboratory study was conducted using limestone collected from the Shade site to use the same naturally occurring Mn oxidizing microbes. The lab study compared W removal rates of microbial oxidation, MnO{sub 2} catalyzed limestone, and fresh uncoated limestone. The microbial removal performed the best (25 mg/L Mn reduced to <2 mg/L in 72 hours).

  6. Isdolomiteefficientinacidminedrainagepassiveremediation? Is dolomite efficient in Acid Mine Drainage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Politècnica de Catalunya, Universitat

    de Mina (Acid Mine Drainage AMD) · Bajos valores de pH · Altas concentraciones de SO4, Fe, Al yIsdolomiteefficientinacidminedrainagepassiveremediation? Is dolomite efficient in Acid Mine Drainage passive remediation? Francesco Offeddu Instituto de Diagnóstico Ambiental y Estudios del Agua

  7. Ferric hydroxide and ferric hydroxysulfate precipitation by bacteria in an acid mine drainage lagoon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Konhauser, Kurt

    Ferric hydroxide and ferric hydroxysulfate precipitation by bacteria in an acid mine drainage communities growing in an acid mine drainage lagoon sediment has confirmed that microorganisms were also: Ferrihydrite; Ferric hydroxysulfate; Bacteria; Biomineralization; Acid mine drainage Contents 1. Introduction

  8. Chemical studies of selected trace elements in hot-spring drainages of Yellowstone National Park

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stauffer, R.E.; Jenne, E.A.; Ball, J.W.

    1980-01-01

    Intensive chemical studies were made of S(-II), O/sub 2/, Al, Fe, Mn, P, As(III), As(V), and Li in waters from two high-Cl, low Ca-Mg hotspring drainages in the Lower Geyser Basin, a warm spring system rich in Ca and Mg in the Yellowstone Canyon area, and the Madison River system above Hebgen Lake. Analyses were also made of other representative thermal waters from the Park.

  9. Geosynthetic drainage layers in contact with unsaturated soils Drainage des geosynthetiques dans le contact avec les sols non saturs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zornberg, Jorge G.

    as with a drainage geocomposite (a geonet sandwiched between geotextiles). In contrast to the performance sandwiched entre geotextiles). Par opposition à l'exécution de couches de drainage saturées, les couches de between nonwoven geotextile filters. The in-plane flow through geotextiles and geonets can be reasonably

  10. Methane drainage with horizontal boreholes in advance of longwall mining: an analysis. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gabello, D.P.; Felts, L.L.; Hayoz, F.P.

    1981-05-01

    The US Department of Energy (DOE) Morgantown Energy Technology Center has implemented a comprehensive program to demonstrate the technical and economic viability of coalbed methane as an energy resource. The program is directed toward solution of technical and institutional problems impeding the recovery and use of large quantities of methane contained in the nation's minable and unminable coalbeds. Conducted in direct support of the DOE Methane Recovery from Coalbeds Project, this study analyzes the economic aspects of a horizontal borehole methane recovery system integrated as part of a longwall mine operation. It establishes relationships between methane selling price and annual mine production, methane production rate, and the methane drainage system capital investment. Results are encouraging, indicating that an annual coal production increase of approximately eight percent would offset all associated drainage costs over the range of methane production rates and capital investments considered.

  11. Local drainage analyses of the Paducah and Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plants during an extreme storm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnson, R.O.; Wang, J.C.; Lee, D.W.

    1993-11-01

    Local drainage analyses have been performed for the Paducah and Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plants during an extreme storm having an approximate 10,000-yr recurrence interval. This review discusses the methods utilized to accomplish the analyses in accordance with US Department of Energy (DOE) design and evaluation guidelines, and summarizes trends, results, generalizations, and uncertainties applicable to other DOE facilities. Results indicate that some culverts may be undersized, and that the storm sewer system cannot drain the influx of precipitation from the base of buildings. Roofs have not been designed to sustain ponding when the primary drainage system is clogged. Some underground tunnels, building entrances, and ground level air intakes may require waterproofing.

  12. Land Bedding as a Method of Drainage in the Gulf Coast Region of Texas. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gruss, E. W.

    1915-01-01

    managed erosion controls can cause excessive amounts of sediment and debris to be carried into stormwater systems. Possible pollutants that can be discharged from construction sites include sediment, solid and sanitary wastes, phosphorus (fertilizer... of pollutants into waters of the United States. BMPs also include treatment requirements, operating procedures, and practices to control plant site runoff, spillage, or leaks; sludge or waste disposal; or drainage from raw materials storage. erosion: Wearing...

  13. Permeability prediction and drainage capillary pressure simulation in sandstone reservoirs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Tao

    2005-02-17

    -1 PERMEABILITY PREDICTION AND DRAINAGE CAPILLARY PRESSURE SIMULATION IN SANDSTONE RESERVOIRS A Dissertation by TAO WU Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY December 2004 Major Subject: Geology PERMEABILITY PREDICTION AND DRAINAGE CAPILLARY PRESSURE SIMULATION IN SANDSTONE RESERVOIRS A Dissertation by TAO WU Submitted to Texas A&M University in partial...

  14. An Analysis of Steam Process Heater Condensate Drainage Options 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Risko, J. R.

    1999-01-01

    , Houston, TX, May 12-13, 1999 POTENTIAL INSTALLAnON DESIGNS -Stearn Inlet Control Valve with Outlet Steam Trap (Figure A). -Stearn Inlet Control Valve with Outlet Level Pot (Figure B). -Steam Inlet Control Valve with Outlet Condensate Level Control... (Figure C). -Condensate Outlet Control Valve and Level Override (Figure D). -Condensate Outlet Control Valve for Drainage and Set Point Control (Figure E). -Stearn Inlet Control Valve with Outlet Condensate PumplTrap Drainage (Figure F). An in...

  15. Accelerator Research Building - Setting up of Building Site, Excavation Work, Drainage, Reinforced Concrete Structure, Scaffolding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1960-01-01

    Accelerator Research Building - Setting up of Building Site, Excavation Work, Drainage, Reinforced Concrete Structure, Scaffolding

  16. CHARACTERISATION OF ACID MINE DRAINAGE USING A COMBINATION OF HYDROMETRIC, CHEMICAL AND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Mark W.

    CHARACTERISATION OF ACID MINE DRAINAGE USING A COMBINATION OF HYDROMETRIC, CHEMICAL AND ISOTOPIC treatment of acid mine drainage from portals, is not feasible for the thousands of abandoned mines drainage, hydrochemistry, isotope hydrology, zinc 1. Introduction Acid mine drainage (AMD) is a common

  17. Panel on Microgrids Systems International Conference on System of Systems Engineering, April 16-18, 2007 San Antonio Abstract--Application of individual distributed generators can

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Panel on Microgrids Systems International Conference on System of Systems Engineering, April 16 a system approach which views generation and associated loads as a subsystem or a "microgrid". The sources verification of the Consortium for Electric Reliability Technology Solutions (CERTS) microgrid control concepts

  18. Individual Event

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformation CurrentHenry Bellamy,ImpactScientific andIndividualEvent Sign In About |

  19. Method for identifying subsurface fluid migration and drainage pathways in and among oil and gas reservoirs using 3-D and 4-D seismic imaging

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Anderson, Roger N. (New York, NY); Boulanger, Albert (New York, NY); Bagdonas, Edward P. (Brookline, MA); Xu, Liqing (New Milford, NJ); He, Wei (New Milford, NJ)

    1996-01-01

    The invention utilizes 3-D and 4-D seismic surveys as a means of deriving information useful in petroleum exploration and reservoir management. The methods use both single seismic surveys (3-D) and multiple seismic surveys separated in time (4-D) of a region of interest to determine large scale migration pathways within sedimentary basins, and fine scale drainage structure and oil-water-gas regions within individual petroleum producing reservoirs. Such structure is identified using pattern recognition tools which define the regions of interest. The 4-D seismic data sets may be used for data completion for large scale structure where time intervals between surveys do not allow for dynamic evolution. The 4-D seismic data sets also may be used to find variations over time of small scale structure within individual reservoirs which may be used to identify petroleum drainage pathways, oil-water-gas regions and, hence, attractive drilling targets. After spatial orientation, and amplitude and frequency matching of the multiple seismic data sets, High Amplitude Event (HAE) regions consistent with the presence of petroleum are identified using seismic attribute analysis. High Amplitude Regions are grown and interconnected to establish plumbing networks on the large scale and reservoir structure on the small scale. Small scale variations over time between seismic surveys within individual reservoirs are identified and used to identify drainage patterns and bypassed petroleum to be recovered. The location of such drainage patterns and bypassed petroleum may be used to site wells.

  20. Method for identifying subsurface fluid migration and drainage pathways in and among oil and gas reservoirs using 3-D and 4-D seismic imaging

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Anderson, R.N.; Boulanger, A.; Bagdonas, E.P.; Xu, L.; He, W.

    1996-12-17

    The invention utilizes 3-D and 4-D seismic surveys as a means of deriving information useful in petroleum exploration and reservoir management. The methods use both single seismic surveys (3-D) and multiple seismic surveys separated in time (4-D) of a region of interest to determine large scale migration pathways within sedimentary basins, and fine scale drainage structure and oil-water-gas regions within individual petroleum producing reservoirs. Such structure is identified using pattern recognition tools which define the regions of interest. The 4-D seismic data sets may be used for data completion for large scale structure where time intervals between surveys do not allow for dynamic evolution. The 4-D seismic data sets also may be used to find variations over time of small scale structure within individual reservoirs which may be used to identify petroleum drainage pathways, oil-water-gas regions and, hence, attractive drilling targets. After spatial orientation, and amplitude and frequency matching of the multiple seismic data sets, High Amplitude Event (HAE) regions consistent with the presence of petroleum are identified using seismic attribute analysis. High Amplitude Regions are grown and interconnected to establish plumbing networks on the large scale and reservoir structure on the small scale. Small scale variations over time between seismic surveys within individual reservoirs are identified and used to identify drainage patterns and bypassed petroleum to be recovered. The location of such drainage patterns and bypassed petroleum may be used to site wells. 22 figs.

  1. Method and system for normalizing biometric variations to authenticate users from a public database and that ensures individual biometric data privacy

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Strait, Robert S. (Oakland, CA); Pearson, Peter K. (Livermore, CA); Sengupta, Sailes K. (Livermore, CA)

    2000-01-01

    A password system comprises a set of codewords spaced apart from one another by a Hamming distance (HD) that exceeds twice the variability that can be projected for a series of biometric measurements for a particular individual and that is less than the HD that can be encountered between two individuals. To enroll an individual, a biometric measurement is taken and exclusive-ORed with a random codeword to produce a "reference value." To verify the individual later, a biometric measurement is taken and exclusive-ORed with the reference value to reproduce the original random codeword or its approximation. If the reproduced value is not a codeword, the nearest codeword to it is found, and the bits that were corrected to produce the codeword to it is found, and the bits that were corrected to produce the codeword are also toggled in the biometric measurement taken and the codeword generated during enrollment. The correction scheme can be implemented by any conventional error correction code such as Reed-Muller code R(m,n). In the implementation using a hand geometry device an R(2,5) code has been used in this invention. Such codeword and biometric measurement can then be used to see if the individual is an authorized user. Conventional Diffie-Hellman public key encryption schemes and hashing procedures can then be used to secure the communications lines carrying the biometric information and to secure the database of authorized users.

  2. Individualized Medicine

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mariella, R.

    2000-08-29

    The recent focus of microelectromechanical-systems (MEMS) based instrumentation has largely dealt with increasing the throughput of established processes, including drug screening/drug discovery/combinatorial chemistry, or the miniaturization of accepted bench-top instruments. The miniaturization and automation of procedures that were previously performed manually are included in these activities. We suggest that BioMEMS instrumentation will adopt an additional direction, that of providing information and capabilities to the physician that are not available, today.

  3. Enhancing Independent Task Performance for Individuals with Mental Retardation Through Use of a Handheld Self-Directed Visual and Audio Promptiong System.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davies, Daniel K.; Stock, Steven E.; Wehmeyer, Michael L.

    2002-01-01

    , the most frequently used input devices (keyboard and mouse) are not easily mastered by people with mental retardation and despite the fact that touch screen devices for desktop PCs are available, they are not widely available in most community... to individuals with mental retardation. Devices that operate the Windows CE operating system include an integrated touch screen for device operation and are specifically designed for portable use. The training software developed for this platform involved...

  4. Simulation of bilinear flow in single matrix block drainage 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Branajaya, Romi Triaji

    2005-02-17

    kf,. The fracture half-length reflects on a/b aspect ratio. The analytical solution for hydraulic fracture developed by Cinco-Ley and Guppy serves as the validation of matrix block drainage. Analysis on the flow regimes which occurred for different...

  5. Wood River Drainage and Levee District, Illinois Design Deficiency Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    to the design criterion of a safety factor of 1.6, as well as a lower factor of safety for the temporary USACE criteria require a minimum factor of safety of 1.6. b. Parametric study to understand#12;1 Wood River Drainage and Levee District, Illinois Design Deficiency Study Limited Reevaluation

  6. Seepage from a special class of a curved channel with drainage layer at shallow depth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chahar, B. R.

    solution corresponding to the water table below the top of the drainage layer has also been deduced from is below the top of the drainage layer then the seepage is much more than that in homogeneous medium with drainage layer at shallow depth, Water Resour. Res., 45, W09423, doi:10.1029/2009WR007899. 1. Introduction

  7. Proc. Second National Conference on Sustainable Drainage Coventry University, 23-24 June 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    : 1 903818 27 3 © Heal and Drain 215 Sedimentation and Sediment Quality in Sustainable Urban DrainageProc. Second National Conference on Sustainable Drainage Coventry University, 23-24 June 2003 ISBN Road, Edinburgh EH9 3JU, UK #12;Proc. Second National Conference on Sustainable Drainage Coventry

  8. Geochemical Niches of Iron-Oxidizing Acidophiles in Acidic Coal Mine Drainage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burgos, William

    Geochemical Niches of Iron-Oxidizing Acidophiles in Acidic Coal Mine Drainage Daniel S. Jones in acid mine drainage, based on readily accessible geochemical parameters. Acid mine drainage (AMD of sediment communities at two geochemically similar acidic discharges, Upper and Lower Red Eyes in Somerset

  9. THE EFFECT OF WATER TABLE ELEVATION ON ACID MINE DRAINAGE FROM REACTIVE TAILINGS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aubertin, Michel

    THE EFFECT OF WATER TABLE ELEVATION ON ACID MINE DRAINAGE FROM REACTIVE TAILINGS: A LABORATORY table can be very effective in reducing the production of acid mine drainage. ______________________ 1 Paper presented at the 7th International Conference on Acid Rock Drainage (ICARD), March 26-30, 2006, St

  10. NUMERICAL SIMULATIONS OF LONG TERM UNSATURATED FLOW AND ACID MINE DRAINAGE AT WASTE ROCK PILES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aubertin, Michel

    NUMERICAL SIMULATIONS OF LONG TERM UNSATURATED FLOW AND ACID MINE DRAINAGE AT WASTE ROCK PILES Omar present a numerical modeling study of unsaturated water flow and acid mine drainage in idealized (but of oxygen diffusion and acid mine drainage through the waste rock piles showed that oxygen is generally

  11. SOURCE AND EFFECT OF ACID ROCK DRAINAGE IN THE SNAKE RIVER WATERSHED, SUMMIT COUNTY, COLORADO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SOURCE AND EFFECT OF ACID ROCK DRAINAGE IN THE SNAKE RIVER WATERSHED, SUMMIT COUNTY, COLORADO (the weathering of disseminated pyrite) sources of acid rock drainage (ARD). Stream waters and remediating the effects of acid rock drainage in the basin has given this research a real world application

  12. PASSIVE TREATMENT OF ACID MINE DRAINAGE IN BIOREACTORS: SHORT REVIEW, APPLICATIONS,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aubertin, Michel

    PASSIVE TREATMENT OF ACID MINE DRAINAGE IN BIOREACTORS: SHORT REVIEW, APPLICATIONS, AND RESEARCH for acid mine drainage (AMD) treatment. The long-term efficiency is sometimes limited because they rely pour le traitement du drainage minier acide (DMA). L'efficacité des bioréacteurs passifs

  13. VEGETATION SUCCESSION AND ROOT PENETRATION ON THE LORRAINE COVER USED TO LIMIT ACID MINE DRAINAGE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aubertin, Michel

    1 VEGETATION SUCCESSION AND ROOT PENETRATION ON THE LORRAINE COVER USED TO LIMIT ACID MINE DRAINAGE to limit the generation of acid mine drainage. The CCBE is made up of three layers: a 0.3 m layer of sand (CCBE), biointrusion, long-term performance, vegetation succession, root depth, acid mine drainage

  14. IMPACT OF MINE DRAINAGE AND DISTRIBUTION OF METAL LOADING SOURCES IN THE JAMES CREEK WATERSHED

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ryan, Joe

    on the environment. These effects are felt particularly in the form of water contamination from acid mine drainage mined areas is significantly threatened by the process of acid mine drainage and the resulting water contamination poses a problem for both aquatic life and human drinking water. Acid mine drainage occurs when

  15. CONCEPTUAL AND NUMERICAL MODELS OF OXYGEN DIFFUSION, SULPHIDE OXIDATION AND ACID MINE DRAINAGE WITHIN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aubertin, Michel

    CONCEPTUAL AND NUMERICAL MODELS OF OXYGEN DIFFUSION, SULPHIDE OXIDATION AND ACID MINE DRAINAGE The generation and transport of acid mine drainage (AMD) through discretely fractured porous media is simulated. RÉSUMÉ La génération et le transport des produits issus du drainage minier acide (DMA) dans un milieu

  16. Hydrogeochemical niches associated with hyporheic exchange beneath an acid mine drainage-contaminated stream

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burgos, William

    Hydrogeochemical niches associated with hyporheic exchange beneath an acid mine drainage can be used for remediation of acid mine drainage (AMD), however, as sediment depth increases, Fe that generate acidity, frequently referred to as acid mine drainage (AMD) or, more specifically, coal mine

  17. SOURCES AND EFFECTS OF MINING-RELATED AND NATURAL ACID ROCK DRAINAGE QUANTIFIED USING TRACER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ryan, Joe

    SOURCES AND EFFECTS OF MINING-RELATED AND NATURAL ACID ROCK DRAINAGE QUANTIFIED USING TRACER Acid Rock Drainage Quantified Using Tracer Dilution, Coal Creek Watershed, Gunnison County, Colorado of Mining-Related and Natural Acid Drainage Quantified Using Tracer Dilution, Coal Creek Watershed, Gunnison

  18. SOURCE QUANTIFICATION OF INAPPROPRIATE DISCHARGES TO STORM DRAINAGE SYSTEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pitt, Robert E.

    ............................................................. ..................8 2 LITERATURE REVIEW 2.1. Types of Models................................................. ...........................................17 3.2. Library Data...........................................................................................21 3.2.1. Preparation of Library File 3.2.1.1. Preparation of Library File for Tuscaloosa

  19. SMARTx: An Embedded Proximity Detection System for Reducing Collisions CS4000: Individual Studies in Computer Science -SMARTx: Software and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lim, Sunho

    such as the Arduino. Along another student, we developed a working prototype system that can be used to alert drivers aware and avoid a collision. Our project utilizes Arduino microcontrollers, GPS modules, Bluetooth of an Arduino, a GPS module, and nR905 radio. The Arduino obtains location from the GPS module and broadcasts

  20. SMARTx: An Embedded Proximity Detection System for Reducing CS4000: Individual Studies in Computer Science -SMARTx: Software and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lim, Sunho

    detection, we explored development with the use of Arduino boards and compatible sensors. We spend many hours learning how to set up and program our Arduino Uno boards and sensors. It was a great learning we had created a server/client Arduino based system that notified a user when each device was within

  1. Solar filament material oscillations and drainage before eruption

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bi, Yi; Jiang, Yunchun; Yang, Jiayan; Hong, Junchao; Li, Haidong; Yang, Dan; Yang, Bo

    2014-08-01

    Both large-amplitude longitudinal (LAL) oscillations and material drainage in a solar filament are associated with the flow of material along the filament axis, often followed by an eruption. However, the relationship between these two motions and a subsequent eruption event is poorly understood. We analyze a filament eruption using EUV imaging data captured by the Atmospheric Imaging Array on board the Solar Dynamics Observatory and the H? images from the Global Oscillation Network Group. Hours before the eruption, the filament was activated, with one of its legs undergoing a slow rising motion. The asymmetric activation inclined the filament relative to the solar surface. After the active phase, LAL oscillations were observed in the inclined filament. The oscillation period increased slightly over time, which may suggest that the magnetic fields supporting the filament evolve to be flatter during the slow rising phase. After the oscillations, a significant amount of filament material was drained toward one filament endpoint, followed immediately by the violent eruption of the filament. The material drainage may further support the change in magnetic topology prior to the eruption. Moreover, we suggest that the filament material drainage could play a role in the transition from a slow to a fast rise of the erupting filament.

  2. Efficient recovery of nano-sized iron oxide particles from synthetic acid-mine drainage (AMD) water using fuel cell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Efficient recovery of nano-sized iron oxide particles from synthetic acid-mine drainage (AMD) water 2010 Keywords: AMD Energy Iron oxide Microbial fuel cell Particles a b s t r a c t Acid mine drainage rights reserved. 1. Introduction Acid-mine drainage (AMD) and acid rock drainage (ARD) are caused

  3. Innovation Beyond Individualism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagata, Jason M

    2009-01-01

    Innovation beyond individualism Jason Nagata,United States of America INNOVATION BEYOND INDIVIDUALISMcontexts. Biomedical innovations often target individual

  4. Drainage capture and discharge variations driven by glaciation in the Southern Alps, New Zealand

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ann V. Rowan; Mitchell A. Plummer; Simon H. Brocklehurst; Merren A. Jones; David M. Schultz

    2013-02-01

    Sediment flux in proglacial fluvial settings is primarily controlled by discharge, which usually varies predictably over a glacial–interglacial cycle. However, glaciers can flow against the topographic gradient to cross drainage divides, reshaping fluvial drainage networks and dramatically altering discharge. In turn, these variations in discharge will be recorded by proglacial stratigraphy. Glacial-drainage capture often occurs in alpine environments where ice caps straddle range divides, and more subtly where shallow drainage divides cross valley floors. We investigate discharge variations resulting from glacial-drainage capture over the past 40 k.y. for the adjacent Ashburton, Rangitata, and Rakaia basins in the Southern Alps, New Zealand. Although glacial-drainage capture has previously been inferred in the range, our numerical glacier model provides the first quantitative demonstration that this process drives larger variations in discharge for a longer duration than those that occur due to climate change alone. During the Last Glacial Maximum, the effective drainage area of the Ashburton catchment increased to 160% of the interglacial value with drainage capture, driving an increase in discharge exceeding that resulting from glacier recession. Glacial-drainage capture is distinct from traditional (base level–driven) drainage capture and is often unrecognized in proglacial deposits, complicating interpretation of the sedimentary record of climate change.

  5. Techniques for Hydrograph Synthesis Based on Analysis of Data from Small Drainage Basins in Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hudlow, M.D.

    1966-01-01

    for Hydrograph Synthesis Based on Analysis of Data from Small Drainage Basins in Texas M.D. Hudlow Texas Water Resources Institute Texas A&M University ...

  6. Membrane Desalination of Agricultural Drainage Water: Water Recovery Enhancement and Brine Minimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, Yoram

    2008-01-01

    Report for Buena Vista Water Storage District, (2003). S.of low-salinity brackish water: Integration of acceleratedagricultural drainage water, Desalination, A. Rahardianto,

  7. Measure Guideline: Guidance on Taped Insulating Sheathing Drainage Planes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grin, A.; Lstiburek, J.

    2014-09-01

    This guide provides information and recommendations to the following groups: insulation contractors; general contractors; builders; home remodelers; mechanical contractors; and homeowners, as a guide to the work that needs to be done. The order of work completed during home construction and retrofit improvements is important. Health and safety issues must be addressed first and are more important than durability issues. And durability issues are more important than saving energy. Not all techniques can apply to all houses. Special conditions will require special action. Some builders or homeowners will wish to do more than the important but basic retrofit strategies outlined by this guide. The following are best practice and product recommendations from the interviewed contractors and homebuilders who collectively have a vast amount of experience. Three significant items were discussed with the group which are required to make taped insulating sheathing a simple, long term, and durable drainage plane: 1. Horizontal joints should be limited or eliminated wherever possible; 2. Where a horizontal joint exists use superior materials; 3. Frequent installation inspection and regular trade training are required to maintain proper installation. Section 5 of this measure guideline contains the detailed construction procedure for the three recommended methods to effectively seal the joints in exterior insulating sheathing to create a simple, long term, and durable drainage plane.

  8. Transplanting assembly of individual carbon nanotubes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Soohyung

    2009-01-01

    Handling and assembling individual nanostructures to bigger scale systems such as MEMS have been the biggest challenge. A deterministic assembly of individual carbon nanotubes by transplanting them to MEMS structures is ...

  9. Meltwater drainage from glacial Lake Agas-siz has been implicated for nearly 15 years as

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fisher, Timothy G.

    Meltwater drainage from glacial Lake Agas- siz has been implicated for nearly 15 years as a trigger northward into an isostatically depressed basin behind the subcontinental drainage divide [e.g., Teller and Leverington,2004] employed rebound models (delayed glacio-isostatic up- lift

  10. Enhanced Oil Recovery through Steam Assisted Gravity Drainage January 22, 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cirpka, Olaf Arie

    Enhanced Oil Recovery through Steam Assisted Gravity Drainage January 22, 2014 A Comparative Study Of Continuous And Cyclic Steam Injection With Trapping Of Oil Phase Muhammad Adil Javed Summary of Thesis Enhanced oil recovery (EOR) through steam-assisted gravity drainage (SAGD) has become an important in

  11. Film drainage and the lifetime of bubbles C. T. Nguyen, H. M. Gonnermann, and Y. Chen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gonnermann, Helge

    Film drainage and the lifetime of bubbles C. T. Nguyen, H. M. Gonnermann, and Y. Chen Department film thinning and bubble coalescence as a consequence of liquid expulsion by gravitational.25 film drainage is due to capillary forces, whereas at Bo > 0.25 gravitational forces result in film

  12. Drainage of Ponded Surface by an Array of Ditches Bhagu R. Chahar1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chahar, B. R.

    Drainage of Ponded Surface by an Array of Ditches Bhagu R. Chahar1 and Ghanshyam P. Vadodaria2 penetrating ditches from a ponded surface has been obtained using hodograph and Schwarz boundary conditions using different methods. Drainage of ponded area underlain by an im- pervious layer

  13. Model Calibration, Drainage Volume Calculation and Optimization in Heterogeneous Fractured Reservoirs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kang, Suk Sang 1975-

    2012-08-16

    Density on the Drainage Volumes ....................................................................................... 18 Figure 2.7. (a) Depletion Capacity Map based on Undrained Volumes (b) EUR Map from Exhaustive Simulations... wells, potential infill locations and the estimated ultimate recovery (EUR) computations for infill wells. We propose a rigorous approach for well drainage volume calculations in gas reservoirs based on the flux field derived from dual porosity finite...

  14. A classification of channel-reach morphology in mountain drainage basins synthesizes stream morphologies into seven distinct reach types

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Montgomery, David R.

    ABSTRACT A classification of channel-reach morphology in mountain drainage basins synthesizes channel condition and response potential in mountain drainage basins. Field investigations demonstrate mountain channels and their lowland counterparts (e.g., Surell, 1841; Dana, 1850; Shaler, 1891

  15. DEVELOPMENT AND OPTIMIZATION OF GAS-ASSISTED GRAVITY DRAINAGE (GAGD) PROCESS FOR IMPROVED LIGHT OIL RECOVERY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dandina N. Rao; Subhash C. Ayirala; Madhav M. Kulkarni; Amit P. Sharma

    2004-10-01

    This report describes the progress of the project ''Development and Optimization of Gas-Assisted Gravity Drainage (GAGD) Process for Improved Light Oil Recovery'' for the duration of the second project year (October 1, 2003--September 30, 2004). There are three main tasks in this research project. Task 1 is scaled physical model study of GAGD process. Task 2 is further development of vanishing interfacial tension (VIT) technique for miscibility determination. Task 3 is determination of multiphase displacement characteristics in reservoir rocks. In Section I, preliminary design of the scaled physical model using the dimensional similarity approach has been presented. Scaled experiments on the current physical model have been designed to investigate the effect of Bond and capillary numbers on GAGD oil recovery. Experimental plan to study the effect of spreading coefficient and reservoir heterogeneity has been presented. Results from the GAGD experiments to study the effect of operating mode, Bond number and capillary number on GAGD oil recovery have been reported. These experiments suggest that the type of the gas does not affect the performance of GAGD in immiscible mode. The cumulative oil recovery has been observed to vary exponentially with Bond and capillary numbers, for the experiments presented in this report. A predictive model using the bundle of capillary tube approach has been developed to predict the performance of free gravity drainage process. In Section II, a mechanistic Parachor model has been proposed for improved prediction of IFT as well as to characterize the mass transfer effects for miscibility development in reservoir crude oil-solvent systems. Sensitivity studies on model results indicate that provision of a single IFT measurement in the proposed model is sufficient for reasonable IFT predictions. An attempt has been made to correlate the exponent (n) in the mechanistic model with normalized solute compositions present in both fluid phases. IFT measurements were carried out in a standard ternary liquid system of benzene, ethanol and water using drop shape analysis and capillary rise techniques. The experimental results indicate strong correlation among the three thermodynamic properties solubility, miscibility and IFT. The miscibility determined from IFT measurements for this ternary liquid system is in good agreement with phase diagram and solubility data, which clearly indicates the sound conceptual basis of VIT technique to determine fluid-fluid miscibility. Model fluid systems have been identified for VIT experimentation at elevated pressures and temperatures. Section III comprises of the experimental study aimed at evaluating the multiphase displacement characteristics of the various gas injection EOR process performances using Berea sandstone cores. During this reporting period, extensive literature review was completed to: (1) study the gravity drainage concepts, (2) identify the various factors influencing gravity stable gas injection processes, (3) identify various multiphase mechanisms and fluid dynamics operative during the GAGD process, and (4) identify important dimensionless groups governing the GAGD process performance. Furthermore, the dimensional analysis of the GAGD process, using Buckingham-Pi theorem to isolate the various dimensionless groups, as well as experimental design based on these dimensionless quantities have been completed in this reporting period. On the experimental front, recommendations from previous WAG and CGI have been used to modify the experimental protocol. This report also includes results from scaled preliminary GAGD displacements as well as the details of the planned GAGD corefloods for the next quarter. The technology transfer activities have mainly consisted of preparing technical papers, progress reports and discussions with industry personnel for possible GAGD field tests.

  16. Agriculture, irrigation, and drainage on the west side of the San Joaquin Valley, California: Unified perspective on hydrogeology, geochemistry and management

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Narasimhan, T.N.; Quinn, N.W.T.

    1996-03-01

    The purpose of this report is to provide a broad understanding of water-related issues of agriculture and drainage on the west side of the San Joaquin Valley. To this end, an attempt is made to review available literature on land and water resources of the San Joaquin Valley and to generate a process-oriented framework within which the various physical-, chemical-, biological- and economic components of the system and their interactions are placed in mutual perspective.

  17. Investigation of a Linear Model to Describe Hydrologic Phenomenon of Drainage Basins 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmer, F. A.

    1969-01-01

    This investigation is concerned with the applicability of the linear convolution relationship for approximating the rainfall-runoff phenomenon for small drainage basins. A solution for the transfer function of the convolution relationship...

  18. A Multivariate Water Quality Investigation of Select Drainage Ditches in the Arroyo Colorado River Watershed, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Uddameri, V.; Singaraju, S.

    2012-01-01

    Drainage ditches are widely used for agricultural water management to help remove excess water from fields, which mitigates the effects of water logging and salinization. These ditches act as a direct hydraulic link between the agricultural field...

  19. ON THE USE OF LIMESTONE DRAINS IN THE PASSIVE TREATMENT OF ACID MINE DRAINAGE (AMD).

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aubertin, Michel

    ON THE USE OF LIMESTONE DRAINS IN THE PASSIVE TREATMENT OF ACID MINE DRAINAGE (AMD). Louis R mining effluent ([metals, [Al], [sulfates], dissolved oxygen, acidity, pH), desired residence time

  20. Improved Steam Assisted Gravity Drainage (SAGD) Performance with Solvent as Steam Additive 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Weiqiang

    2011-02-22

    Steam Assisted Gravity Drainage (SAGD) is used widely as a thermal recovery technique in Canada to produce a very viscous bitumen formation. The main research objectives of this simulation and experimental study are to investigate oil recovery...

  1. The David Eccles School of Business Master of Science in Information Systems (MSIS) program is designed to provide advanced IT training for individuals seeking the skills necessary to manage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tipple, Brett

    is designed to provide advanced IT training for individuals seeking the skills necessary to manage with business strategies. Our information systems curriculum is designed to offer courses that integrate. With companies such as eBay, Adobe, Goldman Sachs and EMC located near Salt Lake City, University of Utah MSIS

  2. Update of Estimated Agricultural Benefits Attributable to Drainage and Flood Control in Willacy County, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lacewell, Ronald D.; Freeman, Roger; Petit, David; Rister, Ed; Sturdivant, Allan; Ribera, Luis; Zinn, Michele

    2006-01-01

    of Estimated Agricultural Benefits Attributable to Drainage and Flood Control in Willacy County, Texas Raymondville Drain Static and Stochastic Implications Prepared for the U.S. Army Corp of Engineers Galveston, Texas by Ronald D.... ii Executive Summary This report represents an update on the 2001 evaluation of benefits attributable to the South Main Drain in Willacy County. The results are limited to agricultural benefits due to reduced flood damages and improved drainage...

  3. Right Renal Vein Aplasia Associated With Diverted Renal Venous Drainage Through Lower Pole

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bozlar, Ugur, E-mail: ubozlar@yahoo.co [Gulhane Military Medical School, Assistant Professor, Department of Radiology (Turkey); Ugurel, Mehmet Sahin [Gulhane Military Medical School, Associate Professor, Department of Radiology (Turkey); Bedir, Selahattin [Gulhane Military Medical School, Assistant Professor, Department of Urology (Turkey); Ors, Fatih [Gulhane Military Medical School, Assistant Professor, Department of Radiology (Turkey); Coskun, Unsal [Gulhane Military Medical Academy, Turkish Armed Forces Rehabilitation Center, Division of Radiology (Turkey); Aydur, Emin [Gulhane Military Medical School, Assistant Professor, Department of Urology (Turkey)

    2008-07-15

    We report a unique anomalous renal venous drainage on a 25-year-old man who had congenital absence of the right renal vein and an aberrant venous drainage through the lower pole of the kidney into the inferior vena cava. To our knowledge, this anomaly has not been previously reported in the peer-reviewed literature. State-of-the-art imaging findings are presented.

  4. A meta-analysis of single case research studies on aided augmentative and alternative communication systems with individuals with autism spectrum disorders 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ganz, Jennifer B.; Earles-Vollrath, Theresa L.; Heath, Amy K.; Parker, Richard; Rispoli, Mandy J.; Duran, Jaime

    2012-01-01

    , with small numbers of participants. The purpose of this investigation was to meta-analyze the single case research on the use of aided AAC with individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Twenty-four single-case studies were analyzed via an effect size...

  5. A Guide for Individuals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christensen, Dan

    Individuals&Families 1) To plan for a pandemic: Store a two-week supply of fresh water * and food, in clean plastic, including pain relievers, stomach remedies, cough and cold medicines, fluids with electrolytes and vitamins

  6. A Systems Framework for Assessing Plumbing Products-Related Water Conservation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Alison

    2012-01-01

    use, and plumbing and sewer infrastructure, in addition towater, energy, and plumbing/sewer infrastructure. Thisof the drainage and sewer system, and the sustainability of

  7. Data supplement to: quality of coal mine drainage in Washington, 1975-77

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fuste, L.A.; Packard, F.A.; Fretwell, M.O.; Garland, D.P.

    1983-01-01

    The US Geological Survey studied coal-mine drainage in western Washington to (1) characterize the water quality of drainage from abandoned mines in the 11 coal-bearing areas of the state; (2) examine the water-quality effects on a stream receiving drainage from an abandoned coal mine; (3) determine the baseline water-quality conditions at two prospective underground coal-mine areas; and (4) recommend procedures for monitoring stream quality in the baseline areas in the event that mining occurs. This report presents physical, chemical, and biological data collected during the study period from Gallop Creek (Whatcom County), Loretta Creek (Skagit County), and Wilkeson Creek (Pierce County) and from 100 abandoned coal mines in western Washington, and from a borehole hydraulic-mining test site. Biological information included taxonomic identifications and counts of benthic invertebrates and periphytic algae. 8 references, 21 tables, 10 maps.

  8. A representative individual from Arrovian aggregation of parametric individual utilities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A representative individual from Arrovian aggregation of parametric individual utilities social choice theory Assumptions Assumption on decisive coalitions Assumptions on individual utility functions Assumptions on the social welfare function Results The socially acceptable utility function

  9. E. SOIL AND DRAINAGE PATTERNS Andropogon Associates, Ltd.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kamat, Vineet R.

    . In general, pollutants from stormwater, scoured from paved surfaces, enter the stormwater conveyance system). At present stormwater and wastewater systems are collected and conveyed separately at the University. Many of the University's existing stormwater management strategies consider how to modify the stormwater system

  10. Predicting Individual Fuel Economy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lin, Zhenhong; Greene, David L

    2011-01-01

    To make informed decisions about travel and vehicle purchase, consumers need unbiased and accurate information of the fuel economy they will actually obtain. In the past, the EPA fuel economy estimates based on its 1984 rules have been widely criticized for overestimating on-road fuel economy. In 2008, EPA adopted a new estimation rule. This study compares the usefulness of the EPA's 1984 and 2008 estimates based on their prediction bias and accuracy and attempts to improve the prediction of on-road fuel economies based on consumer and vehicle attributes. We examine the usefulness of the EPA fuel economy estimates using a large sample of self-reported on-road fuel economy data and develop an Individualized Model for more accurately predicting an individual driver's on-road fuel economy based on easily determined vehicle and driver attributes. Accuracy rather than bias appears to have limited the usefulness of the EPA 1984 estimates in predicting on-road MPG. The EPA 2008 estimates appear to be equally inaccurate and substantially more biased relative to the self-reported data. Furthermore, the 2008 estimates exhibit an underestimation bias that increases with increasing fuel economy, suggesting that the new numbers will tend to underestimate the real-world benefits of fuel economy and emissions standards. By including several simple driver and vehicle attributes, the Individualized Model reduces the unexplained variance by over 55% and the standard error by 33% based on an independent test sample. The additional explanatory variables can be easily provided by the individuals.

  11. On the physics of unstable infiltration, seepage, and gravity drainage in partially saturated tuffs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Faybishenko, B.; Bodvarsson, G.S.; Salve, R.

    2002-04-01

    To improve understanding of the physics of dynamic instabilities in unsaturated flow processes within the Paintbrush nonwelded unit (PTn) and the middle nonlithophysal portion of the Tonopah Spring welded tuff unit (TSw) of Yucca Mountain, we analyzed data from a series of infiltration tests carried out at two sites (Alcove 4 and Alcove 6) in the Exploratory Studies Facility, using analytical and empirical functions. The analysis of infiltration rates measured at both sites showed three temporal scales of infiltration rate: (1) a macro-scale trend of overall decreasing flow, (2) a meso-scale trend of fast and slow motion exhibiting three-stage variations of the flow rate (decreasing, increasing, and [again] decreasing flow rate, as observed in soils in the presence of entrapped air), and (3) micro-scale (high frequency) fluctuations. Infiltration tests in the nonwelded unit at Alcove 4 indicate that this unit may effectively dampen episodic fast infiltration events; however, well-known Kostyakov, Horton, and Philip equations do not satisfactorily describe the observed trends of the infiltration rate. Instead, a Weibull distribution model can most accurately describe experimentally determined time trends of the infiltration rate. Infiltration tests in highly permeable, fractured, welded tuff at Alcove 6 indicate that the infiltration rate exhibits pulsation, which may have been caused by multiple threshold effects and water-air redistribution between fractures and matrix. The empirical relationships between the extrinsic seepage from fractures, matrix imbibition, and gravity drainage versus the infiltration rate, as well as scaling and self-similarity for the leading edge of the water front are the hallmark of the nonlinear dynamic processes in water flow under episodic infiltration through fractured tuff. Based on the analysis of experimental data, we propose a conceptual model of a dynamic fracture flow and fracture-matrix interaction in fractured tuff, incorporating the time dependent processes of water redistribution in the fracture-matrix system.

  12. Engineering applications of soil information system (sis): precision irrigation and drainage systems design 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ceylan, Bilge Kagan

    2009-05-15

    irrigation water to maintain uniform soil water content across the field. An optimization-simulation model was developed for this purpose using a dynamic programming approach. The simulations run by the optimization model showed that the existing pivot speed...

  13. Measured response to a drainage adit in a deep creeping L. BONZANIGO1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eberhardt, Erik

    notable characteristics of the Campo Vallemaggia slide is the presence of deep artesian water pressuresMeasured response to a drainage adit in a deep creeping slide mass L. BONZANIGO1 , E. EBERHARDT2 and S. LOEW2 1 Bonzanigo Geologo Consulente, Bellinzona, Switzerland 2 Engineering Geology, Swiss

  14. Water management studies in PEM fuel cells, part III: Dynamic breakthrough and intermittent drainage characteristics from

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kandlikar, Satish

    Water management studies in PEM fuel cells, part III: Dynamic breakthrough and intermittent Water management Gas diffusion layer Water transport Dynamic breakthrough Intermittent drainage a b s t r a c t The transport of liquid water and gaseous reactants through a gas diffusion layer (GDL

  15. ESSAI DE DRAINAGE EN COLONNE POUR OBTENIR LES PROPRITS NON SATURES DE MATRIAUX GROSSIERS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aubertin, Michel

    includes five steps. First, the material is placed in the column at a constant density, using vacuum and de, the saturated hydraulic conductivity is determined by a constant head test. Third, a gravity drainage test to the experimental data. This helps to define the hydraulic functions for the material. Examples are provided

  16. Freshwater Discharge, Sediment Transport, and Modeled Climate Impacts of the Final Drainage of Glacial Lake Agassiz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bush, John W.M.

    Freshwater Discharge, Sediment Transport, and Modeled Climate Impacts of the Final Drainage, whereas the postflood outflow through Hudson Strait had a lower load of suspended sediment and was buoyant hemispheric extent. This claim was bolstered by analyses of marine sediments in the tropical and North

  17. Film drainage and coalescence between deformable drops and bubbles Derek Y. C. Chan,*abc

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chan, Derek Y C

    Film drainage and coalescence between deformable drops and bubbles Derek Y. C. Chan,*abc Evert not present in the interaction between solid bodies. The drops can entrap a thin liquid film of the continuous phase that can lead to a stable film or coalescence. But before leading to either of these outcomes

  18. Hydraulic Interaction between Geosynthetic Drainage Layers and Unsaturated Low Plasticity Clay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zornberg, Jorge G.

    and relatively large pore size of nonwoven geotextiles compared with that of most soils, water will drain from a geotextile more readily than from a soil for a similar suction. In fact, the geotextile will drain drainage layers, as the hydraulic conductivity of a geotextile predicted from the shape of its water

  19. Drainage fracture networks in elastic solids with internal fluid gen-Maya Kobchenko1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Galland, Olivier

    epl draft Drainage fracture networks in elastic solids with internal fluid gen- eration Maya layer to fracture. The gas produced is drained on short length scales by diffusion and on long length scales by flow in a fracture network, which has topological properties that are intermediate between

  20. Efficient meltwater drainage through supraglacial streams and rivers on the southwest Greenland

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Born, Andreas

    , and accepted by the Editorial Board November 13, 2014 (received for review July 10, 2014) Thermally incised to characterize supraglacial water storage, drainage pattern, and discharge across 6,812 km2 of south- west surface water storage (3.6 ± 0.9 cm), negligi- ble impoundment by supraglacial lakes or topographic

  1. Experimental Study of Entrainment and Drainage Flows in Microscale Soap Films

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Troian, Sandra M.

    the spectrum of behavior in soap films as a function of surfactant type, concentration, alcohol and salt of the drainage data yields a collapse to a single functional form over 3 decades in time for a wide range additives, degradation by-products in water, temperature, and other variables. Despite significant progress

  2. Analytical expressions for transient specific yield and shallow water table drainage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nachabe, Mahmood H.

    between water table fluctuations and released volumes holds for a deep water table aquiferAnalytical expressions for transient specific yield and shallow water table drainage Mahmood H and depth to water table. The expressions allow the user to convert observations of water table fluctuations

  3. Satellite-based estimates of groundwater storage variations in large drainage basins with extensive floodplains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Satellite-based estimates of groundwater storage variations in large drainage basins with extensive, US ESPACE, Montpellier, France h LERMA, Observatoire de Paris, CNRS, Paris, France a b s t r a c ta r modeling This study presents monthly estimates of groundwater anomalies in a large river basin dominated

  4. Development and Optimization of Gas-Assisted Gravity Drainage (GAGD) Process for Improved Light Oil Recovery

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dandina N. Rao; Subhash C. Ayirala; Madhav M. Kulkarni; Wagirin Ruiz Paidin; Thaer N. N. Mahmoud; Daryl S. Sequeira; Amit P. Sharma

    2006-09-30

    This is the final report describing the evolution of the project ''Development and Optimization of Gas-Assisted Gravity Drainage (GAGD) Process for Improved Light Oil Recovery'' from its conceptual stage in 2002 to the field implementation of the developed technology in 2006. This comprehensive report includes all the experimental research, models developments, analyses of results, salient conclusions and the technology transfer efforts. As planned in the original proposal, the project has been conducted in three separate and concurrent tasks: Task 1 involved a physical model study of the new GAGD process, Task 2 was aimed at further developing the vanishing interfacial tension (VIT) technique for gas-oil miscibility determination, and Task 3 was directed at determining multiphase gas-oil drainage and displacement characteristics in reservoir rocks at realistic pressures and temperatures. The project started with the task of recruiting well-qualified graduate research assistants. After collecting and reviewing the literature on different aspects of the project such gas injection EOR, gravity drainage, miscibility characterization, and gas-oil displacement characteristics in porous media, research plans were developed for the experimental work to be conducted under each of the three tasks. Based on the literature review and dimensional analysis, preliminary criteria were developed for the design of the partially-scaled physical model. Additionally, the need for a separate transparent model for visual observation and verification of the displacement and drainage behavior under gas-assisted gravity drainage was identified. Various materials and methods (ceramic porous material, Stucco, Portland cement, sintered glass beads) were attempted in order to fabricate a satisfactory visual model. In addition to proving the effectiveness of the GAGD process (through measured oil recoveries in the range of 65 to 87% IOIP), the visual models demonstrated three possible multiphase mechanisms at work, namely, Darcy-type displacement until gas breakthrough, gravity drainage after breakthrough and film-drainage in gas-invaded zones throughout the duration of the process. The partially-scaled physical model was used in a series of experiments to study the effects of wettability, gas-oil miscibility, secondary versus tertiary mode gas injection, and the presence of fractures on GAGD oil recovery. In addition to yielding recoveries of up to 80% IOIP, even in the immiscible gas injection mode, the partially-scaled physical model confirmed the positive influence of fractures and oil-wet characteristics in enhancing oil recoveries over those measured in the homogeneous (unfractured) water-wet models. An interesting observation was that a single logarithmic relationship between the oil recovery and the gravity number was obeyed by the physical model, the high-pressure corefloods and the field data.

  5. Metal reduction at low pH by a Desulfosporosinus species: implications for the biological1 treatment of acidic mine drainage2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burgos, William

    treatment of acidic mine drainage2 3 John M. Senko1,2 *, Gengxin Zhang2§ , Jeffrey T. McDonough4 , Mary Ann, GBSRB4.2, from coal mine-derived23 acidic mine drainage (AMD)-derived sediments. Sequence analysisH 7.1 groundwater.32 #12;3 INTRODUCTION33 Acidic mine drainage (AMD) arises when sulfide

  6. Development of advanced technology of coke oven gas drainage treatment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Higashi, Tadayuki; Yamaguchi, Akikazu; Ikai, Kyozou; Kamiyama, Hisarou; Muto, Hiroshi

    1996-12-31

    In April 1994, commercial-scale application of ozone oxidation to ammonia liquor (which is primarily the water condensing from coke oven gas) to reduce its chemical oxygen demand (COD) was started at the Nagoya Works of Nippon Steel Corporation. This paper deals with the results of technical studies on the optimization of process operating conditions and the enlargement of equipment size and the operating purification system.

  7. Lattice Boltzmann simulations of liquid flilm drainage between smooth surfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christian Kunert; Jens Harting

    2010-11-17

    Exploring the hydrodynamic boundary of a surface by approaching a colloidal sphere and measuring the occurring drag force is a common experimental technique. However, numerous parameters like the wettability and surface roughness influence the result. In experiments these cannot be separated easily. For a deeper understanding of such surface effects a tool is required that predicts the influence of different surface properties. In this paper we present computer simulations based on the lattice Boltzmann method of a sphere submerged in a Newtonian liquid. We show that our method is able to reproduce the theoretical predictions for flat and noninteracting surfaces. In order to provide high precision simulation results the influence of finite size effects has to be well controlled. Therefore we study the influence of the required system size and resolution of the sphere and demonstrate that already moderate computing resources allow the error to be kept below 1%.

  8. ALGORITHMIC CLASSIFICATION OF DRAINAGE NETWORKS ON MARS AND ITS RELATION TO MARTIAN GEOLOGICAL UNITS. T. F. Stepinski1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vilalta, Ricardo

    ALGORITHMIC CLASSIFICATION OF DRAINAGE NETWORKS ON MARS AND ITS RELATION TO MARTIAN GEOLOGICAL locations covering 16 major geological units. The classification is quantitative and objective with an existing division into geological units. A morphological interpretation for this emergent classification

  9. Modeling effects of diffusion and gravity drainage on oil recovery in naturally fractured reservoirs under gas injection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jamili, Ahmad

    2010-04-22

    Gas injection in naturally fractured reservoirs maintains the reservoir pressure, and increases oil recovery primarily by gravity drainage and to a lesser extent by mass transfer between the flowing gas in the fracture and the porous matrix...

  10. Geochemical and isotopic results for groundwater, drainage waters, snowmelt, permafrost, precipitation in Barrow, Alaska (USA) 2012-2013

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Wilson, Cathy; Newman, Brent; Heikoop, Jeff

    2012-07-18

    Data include a large suite of analytes (geochemical and isotopic) for samples collected in Barrow, Alaska (2012-2013). Sample types are indicated, and include soil pore waters, drainage waters, snowmelt, precipitation, and permafrost samples.

  11. Geochemical and isotopic results for groundwater, drainage waters, snowmelt, permafrost, precipitation in Barrow, Alaska (USA) 2012-2013

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Wilson, Cathy; Newman, Brent; Heikoop, Jeff

    Data include a large suite of analytes (geochemical and isotopic) for samples collected in Barrow, Alaska (2012-2013). Sample types are indicated, and include soil pore waters, drainage waters, snowmelt, precipitation, and permafrost samples.

  12. Floodplain/wetlands assessment for the remediation of the southeast drainage near the Weldon Spring Site, Weldon Spring, Missouri

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Van Lonkhuyzen, R.; Yin, S.C.L.

    1996-08-01

    The US DOE proposes to remove contaminated sediments from selected portions of the Southeast Drainage, a natural stream near the Weldon Spring site in Missouri. Under the Preferred Alternative, approximately 1,929 m{sup 3} of sediments would be excavated from the Southeast Drainage. Aquatic communities within the stream would be temporarily disturbed, but populations of aquatic biota within the stream would be expected to recover. No long-term adverse impacts to floodplains are expected.

  13. Profiling microbial communities in manganese remediation systems treating coal mine1 Dominique L. Chaput1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burgos, William

    1 Profiling microbial communities in manganese remediation systems treating coal mine1 drainage2 3 coal mines can contain extremely high manganese19 levels. Removing this metal is an ongoing challenge Coal mine drainage (CMD) from operating and abandoned mines often contains39 elevated concentrations

  14. TARGET ENCLOSURE AND SYSTEM DESIGN FOR A MERCURY-TARGET NEUTRINO PRODUCING FACILITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDonald, Kirk

    . The piping is sloped towards the storage tank, and the elevation of the sump pump, the heat exchanger, or drainage into the storage tank, and drainage is by means of gravity. The system components are located from the sump pump, the heat exchanger, and beam absorber pool. In addition, there is a secondary drain

  15. Inorganic Carbon Isotopes and Chemical Characterization of Watershed Drainages, Barrow, Alaska, 2013

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Throckmorton, Heather M.; Heikoop, Jeffrey H.; Newman, Brent D.; Wilson, Cathy J.

    Arctic soils contain a large pool of terrestrial C and are of interest due to their potential for releasing significant carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4) to the atmosphere. Due to substantial landscape heterogeneity, predicting ecosystem-scale CH4 and CO2 production is challenging. This study assessed dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC = Sigma (total) dissolved CO2) and CH4 in watershed drainages in Barrow, Alaska as critical convergent zones of regional geochemistry, substrates, and nutrients. In July and September of 2013, surface waters and saturated subsurface pore waters were collected from 17 drainages. Based on simultaneous DIC and CH4 cycling, we synthesized isotopic and geochemical methods to develop a subsurface CH4 and DIC balance by estimating mechanisms of CH4 and DIC production and transport pathways and oxidation of subsurface CH4. We observed a shift from acetoclastic (July) towards hydrogenotropic (September) methanogenesis at sites located towards the end of major freshwater drainages, adjacent to salty estuarine waters, suggesting an interesting landscape-scale effect on CH4 production mechanism. The majority of subsurface CH4 was transported upward by plant-mediated transport and ebullition, predominantly bypassing the potential for CH4 oxidation. Thus, surprisingly CH4 oxidation only consumed approximately 2.51 +/- 0.82% (July) and 0.79 +/- 0.79% (September) of CH4 produced at the frost table, contributing to less than 0.1% of DIC production. DIC was primarily produced from respiration, with iron and organic matter serving as likely e- acceptors. This work highlights the importance of spatial and temporal variability of CH4 production at the watershed scale, and suggests broad scale investigations are required to build better regional or pan-Arctic representations of CH4 and CO2 production.

  16. Percutaneous Transcatheter Ethanol Sclerotherapy and Catheter Drainage of Postoperative Pelvic Lymphoceles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Akhan, Okan Karcaaltincaba, Musturay; Ozmen, Mustafa N.; Akinci, Devrim; Karcaaltincaba, Deniz; Ayhan, Ali

    2007-04-15

    The aim of this study is to investigate the efficacy and long-term results of percutaneous transcatheter ethanol sclerotherapy (PTES) for postoperative pelvic lymphocele treatment. Fifty-two patients who were referred for lymphocele treatment were included in this study. Sixty lymphoceles of 52 patients were treated by percutaneous treatment with or without ethanol sclerotherapy. Lymphoceles developed in 47 and 5 patients, who underwent gynecologic malignancy operation (31 ovarian cancer, 6 cervix cancer, 10 endometrial cancer) and renal transplantation, respectively. Lymphoceles were catheterized by ultrasonography and fluoroscopy guidance using the Seldinger technique. Lymphoceles smaller than 150 mL underwent single-session ethanol sclerotherapy and the others were treated by multiple-session ethanol scleortherapy. In 10 patients, percutaneous ethanol sclerotherapy could not be performed and they were treated only by percutaneous catheter drainage. The mean lymphocele volume was 329 mL (15-2900 mL). The mean catheterization duration was 11.8 days (1-60 days). The mean follow up time was 25.8 months (2-64 months). The initial treatment was successful in 46 out of 50 (91%) lymphoceles treated with PTES and 7 out of 10 (70%) lymphoceles treated with percutaneous catheter drainage. Minor complications (secondary infection and catheter dislodgement) were noted in seven (11.6%) patients. Recurrence developed in four and three patients who were treated by PTES and percutaneous catheter drainage, respectively. Five of these patients were treated with PTES without further recurrence. Percutaneous transcatheter ethanol sclerotherapy is an effective and reliable method for the treatment of postoperative lymphoceles.

  17. Inorganic Carbon Isotopes and Chemical Characterization of Watershed Drainages, Barrow, Alaska, 2013

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Heikoop, Jeffrey H.; Throckmorton, Heather M.; Wilson, Cathy J.; Newman, Brent D.

    2015-09-25

    Arctic soils contain a large pool of terrestrial C and are of interest due to their potential for releasing significant carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4) to the atmosphere. Due to substantial landscape heterogeneity, predicting ecosystem-scale CH4 and CO2 production is challenging. This study assessed dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC = Sigma (total) dissolved CO2) and CH4 in watershed drainages in Barrow, Alaska as critical convergent zones of regional geochemistry, substrates, and nutrients. In July and September of 2013, surface waters and saturated subsurface pore waters were collected from 17 drainages. Based on simultaneous DIC and CH4 cycling, we synthesized isotopic and geochemical methods to develop a subsurface CH4 and DIC balance by estimating mechanisms of CH4 and DIC production and transport pathways and oxidation of subsurface CH4. We observed a shift from acetoclastic (July) towards hydrogenotropic (September) methanogenesis at sites located towards the end of major freshwater drainages, adjacent to salty estuarine waters, suggesting an interesting landscape-scale effect on CH4 production mechanism. The majority of subsurface CH4 was transported upward by plant-mediated transport and ebullition, predominantly bypassing the potential for CH4 oxidation. Thus, surprisingly CH4 oxidation only consumed approximately 2.51 +/- 0.82% (July) and 0.79 +/- 0.79% (September) of CH4 produced at the frost table, contributing to less than 0.1% of DIC production. DIC was primarily produced from respiration, with iron and organic matter serving as likely e- acceptors. This work highlights the importance of spatial and temporal variability of CH4 production at the watershed scale, and suggests broad scale investigations are required to build better regional or pan-Arctic representations of CH4 and CO2 production.

  18. Sensitive response of the Greenland Ice Sheet to surface melt drainage over soft bed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bougamont, M. H.; Christoffersen, P.; Hubbard, A.. L..; Fitzpatrick, A.. A..; Doyle, S. H.; Carter, S. P.

    2014-09-29

    by frictional and geothermal heating accumulates at the 136 bed over the course of winter and is released together with the first SGL drainage 137 events. With either one of these factors included, our model was able to reproduce the 138 2010 spring... . Measurements of ice 492 deformation, temperature and cross-borehole conductivity in boreholes to the 493 bedrock. Journal Of Glaciology 48, 369-385 (2002). 494 25 Pimentel, S. & Flowers, G. E. A numerical study of hydrologically driven 495 glacier dynamics...

  19. The effect of a small creek valley on drainage flows in the Rocky Flats region

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Porch, W.

    1996-12-31

    Regional scale circulation and mountain-plain interactions and effects on boundary layer development are important for understanding the fate of an atmospheric release from Rocky Flats, Colorado. Numerical modeling of Front Range topographic effects near Rocky Flats have shown that though the Front Range dominates large scale flow features, small-scale terrain features near Rocky Flats are important to local transport during nighttime drainage flow conditions. Rocky Flats has been the focus of interest for the Department of Energy`s Atmospheric Studies in Complex Terrain (ASCOT) program.

  20. EA-1988: NFSC (Northwest Fisheries Science Center) Earthen Drainage Channel, Burley Creek Hatchery, Port Orchard, Washington

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), with DOE’s Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) as a cooperating agency, prepared an EA that assesses the potential environmental impacts of a NOAA Northwest Fisheries Science Center proposal to construct an earthen drainage channel at its Burley Creek Hatchery in Kitsap County, Washington. The project would facilitate increased discharge of treated effluent from the hatchery facility into the adjacent Burley Creek. BPA’s proposal is to fund the project. The project website is http://efw.bpa.gov/environmental_services/Document_Library/Burley_Creek/.

  1. Water balance of the Arctic drainage system using GRACE gravimetry products

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frappart, F; Ramillien, G; Famiglietti, JS

    2011-01-01

    ICE-5G deglaciation model of Peltier (2004). It assumes anICE-5G can be found in Peltier (2004). Effects of a dynamic5G deglaciation model of Peltier (2004), modified by Paulson

  2. Water balance of the Arctic drainage system using GRACE gravimetry products

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frappart, F; Ramillien, G; Famiglietti, JS

    2011-01-01

    of the Arctic Ocean freshwater balance and their interannualInteractions, 2, pp. 1–37. Water balance of the Arctic usingEWG climatology. Water balance of the Arctic using GRACE

  3. Water sensors with cellular system eliminate tail water drainage in alfalfa irrigation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saha, Rajat; Raghuwanshi, Narendra S; Upadhyaya, Shrinivasa K; Wallender, Wesley W.; Slaughter, David C

    2011-01-01

    2003. Improving irrigation water management of alfalfa. In:number, sensor number and water arrival time. Wire meshplate Terminals Fig. 1. The water-arrival, or wetting-front,

  4. Evaluation of sewer leakage into the stormwater drainage system in Singapore

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diagne, Ndeye Awa

    2013-01-01

    Singapore's Public Utilities Board (PUB) aspires to bring Singaporeans closer to their water bodies through recreational activities so that they may cherish them and be more conscious of water scarcity. However, there have ...

  5. Water balance of the Arctic drainage system using GRACE gravimetry products

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frappart, F; Ramillien, G; Famiglietti, JS

    2011-01-01

    snow extent or depth and river run-off (Yang et al. 2003,series of monthly run-off and river discharge and is tunedand river discharge is an important variable for describing the snow–run-

  6. A NUMERICAL ANALYSIS OF THE SINGLE-WELL STEAM ASSISTED GRAVITY DRAINAGE (SW-SAGD) PROCESS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    K.T. Elliot; A.R. Kovscek

    2001-06-01

    Steam assisted gravity drainage (SAGD) is an effective method to produce heavy oil and bitumen which are important energy resources. In a typical SAGD approach, steam is injected into a horizontal well located directly above a horizontal producer helping to displace heated oil. Single-well (SW) SAGD attempts to create a similar process using only one horizontal well. To improve early-time response of SW-SAGD, it is necessary to heat the near-wellbore area to reduce oil viscosity and allow gravity drainage to begin. Ideally heating should occur with minimal circulation or bypassing of steam. We have investigated early-time processes to improve reservoir heating. A numerical simulation study was performed to gauge combinations of cyclic steam injection and steam circulation prior to SAGD in an effort to better understand and improve early-time performance. Results from this study, include cumulative recoveries, temperature distributions, and production rates. It is found that cyclic steaming of the reservoir offers the most favorable option for heating the near-wellbore area to create conditions that improve initial SAGD response. More favorable reservoir conditions such as low viscosity, thick oil zones, and solution gas, improved reservoir response. Under unfavorable conditions, response was limited.

  7. Building America Case Study: Measure Guideline: Guidance on Taped Insulating Sheathing Drainage Planes (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2014-11-01

    This guide provides information and recommendations to the following groups: Insulation contractors, General contractors, Builders, Home remodelers, Mechanical contractors, and Homeowners as a guide to the work that needs to be done. The order of work completed during home construction and retrofit improvements is important. Health and safety issues must be addressed first and are more important than durability issues. And durability issues are more important than saving energy. Not all techniques can apply to all houses. Special conditions will require special action. Some builders or homeowners will wish to do more than the important but basic retrofit strategies outlined by this guide. The following are best practice and product recommendations from the interviewed contractors and home builders who collectively have a vast amount of experience. Three significant items were discussed with the group which are required to make taped insulating sheathing a simple, long term, and durable drainage plane: 4. Horizontal joints should be limited or eliminated wherever possible 5. Where a horizontal joint exists use superior materials 6. Frequent installation inspection and regular trade training are required to maintain proper installation Section 5 of this measure guideline contains the detailed construction procedure for the three recommended methods to effectively seal the joints in exterior insulating sheathing to create a simple, long term, and durable drainage plane.

  8. Essays on individuals and organizations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mollick, Ethan, 1975-

    2010-01-01

    This dissertation focuses on the dynamics of innovative industries; specifically how individual choices and actions impact the performance, founding, and death of firms. While most research examining these outcomes focuses ...

  9. Information technology and innovative drainage management practices for selenium load reduction from irrigated agriculture to provide stakeholder assurances and meet contaminant mass loading policy objectives

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Quinn, N.W.T.

    2009-10-15

    Many perceive the implementation of environmental regulatory policy, especially concerning non-point source pollution from irrigated agriculture, as being less efficient in the United States than in many other countries. This is partly a result of the stakeholder involvement process but is also a reflection of the inability to make effective use of Environmental Decision Support Systems (EDSS) to facilitate technical information exchange with stakeholders and to provide a forum for innovative ideas for controlling non-point source pollutant loading. This paper describes one of the success stories where a standardized Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) methodology was modified to better suit regulation of a trace element in agricultural subsurface drainage and information technology was developed to help guide stakeholders, provide assurances to the public and encourage innovation while improving compliance with State water quality objectives. The geographic focus of the paper is the western San Joaquin Valley where, in 1985, evapoconcentration of selenium in agricultural subsurface drainage water, diverted into large ponds within a federal wildlife refuge, caused teratogenecity in waterfowl embryos and in other sensitive wildlife species. The fallout from this environmental disaster was a concerted attempt by State and Federal water agencies to regulate non-point source loads of the trace element selenium. The complexity of selenium hydrogeochemistry, the difficulty and expense of selenium concentration monitoring and political discord between agricultural and environmental interests created challenges to the regulation process. Innovative policy and institutional constructs, supported by environmental monitoring and the web-based data management and dissemination systems, provided essential decision support, created opportunities for adaptive management and ultimately contributed to project success. The paper provides a retrospective on the contentious planning process and offers suggestions as to how the technical and institutional issues could have been resolved faster through early adoption of some of the core principles of sound EDSS design.

  10. Systems and methods for producing hydrocarbons from tar sands formations

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Li, Ruijian (Katy, TX); Karanikas, John Michael (Houston, TX)

    2009-07-21

    A system for treating a tar sands formation is disclosed. A plurality of heaters are located in the formation. The heaters include at least partially horizontal heating sections at least partially in a hydrocarbon layer of the formation. The heating sections are at least partially arranged in a pattern in the hydrocarbon layer. The heaters are configured to provide heat to the hydrocarbon layer. The provided heat creates a plurality of drainage paths for mobilized fluids. At least two of the drainage paths converge. A production well is located to collect and produce mobilized fluids from at least one of the converged drainage paths in the hydrocarbon layer.

  11. Flood Damage Reduction Segment / System Inspection Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    and Concrete I-walls Interior Drainage System Pump Stations Contents of Report: FDR System Channels Note the levee segment / system maintenance program. 1. Levee segment / system and district: (name of the segment of maintenance required by last inspection report: 4. Summary of maintenance performed this reporting period: 5

  12. A 1-D modelling of streaming potential dependence on water content during drainage experiment in sand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allègre, Vincent; Ackerer, Philippe; Jouniaux, Laurence; Sailhac, Pascal; 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2012.05371.x

    2012-01-01

    The understanding of electrokinetics for unsaturated conditions is crucial for numerous of geophysical data interpretation. Nevertheless, the behaviour of the streaming potential coefficient C as a function of the water saturation Sw is still discussed. We propose here to model both the Richards' equation for hydrodynamics and the Poisson's equation for electrical potential for unsaturated conditions using 1-D finite element method. The equations are first presented and the numerical scheme is then detailed for the Poisson's equation. Then, computed streaming potentials (SPs) are compared to recently published SP measurements carried out during drainage experiment in a sand column. We show that the apparent measurement of DV / DP for the dipoles can provide the SP coefficient in these conditions. Two tests have been performed using existing models for the SP coefficient and a third one using a new relation. The results show that existing models of unsaturated SP coefficients C(Sw) provide poor results in term...

  13. Gas-assisted gravity drainage (GAGD) process for improved oil recovery

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Rao, Dandina N. (Baton Rouge, LA)

    2012-07-10

    A rapid and inexpensive process for increasing the amount of hydrocarbons (e.g., oil) produced and the rate of production from subterranean hydrocarbon-bearing reservoirs by displacing oil downwards within the oil reservoir and into an oil recovery apparatus is disclosed. The process is referred to as "gas-assisted gravity drainage" and comprises the steps of placing one or more horizontal producer wells near the bottom of a payzone (i.e., rock in which oil and gas are found in exploitable quantities) of a subterranean hydrocarbon-bearing reservoir and injecting a fluid displacer (e.g., CO.sub.2) through one or more vertical wells or horizontal wells. Pre-existing vertical wells may be used to inject the fluid displacer into the reservoir. As the fluid displacer is injected into the top portion of the reservoir, it forms a gas zone, which displaces oil and water downward towards the horizontal producer well(s).

  14. Onset of deep drainage and salt mobilization following forest clearing and cultivation in the Chaco plains (Argentina)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nacional de San Luis, Universidad

    plains (Argentina) M. L. Amdan,1 R. Aragon,2,3 E. G. Jobbagy,3 J. N. Volante,4 and J. M. Paruelo1-fed agriculture and pasture, with different age of clearance (>30 years, 20 and 3 years) in Salta, Argentina, we drainage and salt mobilization following forest clearing and cultivation in the Chaco plains (Argentina

  15. A Reconnaissance of Contaminants in the Fraser River Drainage Basin Using Dated Sediment Cores from Six Lakes.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    i A Reconnaissance of Contaminants in the Fraser River Drainage Basin Using Dated Sediment Cores 700-1200 West 73rd Avenue Vancouver, B.C. V6P 6H9 #12;iii Abstract Sediment cores have been collected Cs. The dated sediments have been analyzed for a suite of priority contaminants including metals

  16. Journal of Applied Geophysics 34 (1996) 187-198 DC resistivity and IP methods in acid mine drainage problems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oldenburg, Douglas W.

    1996-01-01

    in acid mine drainage problems: results from the Copper Cliff mine tailings impoundments Yuval, Douglas W of sulfide minerals in the mine tailings impoundments at Copper Cliff, Ontario generates acidic conditions contribute to the acidity in the oxidizing site and, in the absence of alkalinity to neutralize the acidity

  17. JOURNAL OF IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE ENGINEERING / MARCH/APRIL 2000 / 125 SOLUTION FOR A STREAM DEPLETION PROBLEM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chahar, B. R.

    JOURNAL OF IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE ENGINEERING / MARCH/APRIL 2000 / 125 SOLUTION FOR A STREAM contribution in the pumped water is important to ascertain the quality and quantity of the water that may recharge and found the stream contribution through a chemical composition test of pumped water. Glover

  18. THE INFLUENCE OF MAJOR DAMS ON HYDROLOGY THROUGH THE DRAINAGE NETWORK OF THE SACRAMENTO RIVER BASIN, CALIFORNIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singer, Michael

    THE INFLUENCE OF MAJOR DAMS ON HYDROLOGY THROUGH THE DRAINAGE NETWORK OF THE SACRAMENTO RIVER BASIN downstream of major dams and confluences in the Sacramento River basin in California, USA. Streamflow data from 10 gauging stations downstream of major dams were divided into hydrologic series corresponding

  19. Football - Individuals - 1920s - 38 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2006-05-26

    This thesis presents a new token-based K-mutual exclusion algorithm for distributed systems. The proposed algorithm uses K tokens to achieve K-mutual exclusion. The system of N nodes is organized as a logical forest, with ...

  20. In vivo imaging and tracking of individual nanodiamonds in drosophila melanogaster

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scholten, Robert

    In vivo imaging and tracking of individual nanodiamonds in drosophila melanogaster embryos David A fluorescent nanodiamonds in the powerful genetic model system Drosophila melanogaster. Fluorescence correlation spectroscopy and wide-field imaging techniques are applied to individual fluorescent nanodiamonds

  1. Integrating Individual-Based Indices of Contaminant Effects

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Rowe, Christopher L.; Hopkins, William A.; Congdon, Justin D.

    2001-01-01

    Habitat contamination can alter numerous biological processes in individual organisms. Examining multiple individual-level responses in an integrative fashion is necessary to understand how individual health or fitness reflects environmental contamination. Here we provide an example of such an integrated perspective based upon recent studies of an amphibian (the bullfrog, Rana catesbeiana) that experiences several, disparate changes when larval development occurs in a trace element?contaminated habitat. First, we present an overview of studies focused on specific responses of individuals collected from, or transplanted into, a habitat contaminated by coal combustion residues (CCR). These studies have reported morphological, behavioral, and physiological modificationsmore »to individuals chronically interacting with sediments in the CCR-contaminated site. Morphological abnormalities in the oral and tail regions in contaminant-exposed individuals influenced other properties such as grazing, growth, and swimming performance. Behavioral changes in swimming activities and responses to stimuli appear to influence predation risk in the contaminant-exposed population. Significant changes in bioenergetics in the contaminated habitat, evident as abnormally high energetic expenditures for survival (maintenance) costs, may ultimately influence production pathways (growth, energy storage) in individuals. We then present a conceptual model to examine how interactions among the affected systems (morphological, behavioral, physiological) may ultimately bring about more severe effects than would be predicted if the responses were considered in isolation. A complex interplay among simultaneously occurring biological changes emerges in which multiple, sublethal effects ultimately can translate into reductions in larval or juvenile survival, and thus reduced recruitment of juveniles into the population. In systems where individuals are exposed to low concentrations of contaminants for long periods of time, research focused on one or few sublethal responses could substantially underestimate overall effects on individuals. We suggest that investigators adopt a more integrated perspective on contaminant-induced biological changes so that studies of individual-based effects can be better integrated into analyses of mechanisms of population change.« less

  2. Water-oil drainage dynamics in oil-wet random microfluidic porous media analogs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, Wei; Neeves, Keith; Yin, Xiaolong

    2012-01-01

    Displacement experiments carried out in microfluidic porous media analogs show that reduced surface tension leads to a more stable displacement, opposite to the process in Hele-Shaw cells where surface tension stabilizes the displacement of a more viscous fluid by a less viscous fluid. In addition, geometry of porous media is observed to play an important role. Three random microfluidic porous media analogs were made to study water-oil drainage dynamics, featuring a pattern of randomly connected channels with a uniform width, a pattern with Gaussian channel width distribution, and a pattern with large isolated pores. The microfluidic chips fabricated using Polydimenthylsiloxane with glass covers have the internal surface treated by Trichlorosilane to achieve a uniform oil-wet condition. The aqueous phase displaces the oil phase, with a viscosity ratio of about 1:40 and a density ratio of 1:0.85. Videos 1-3 show water flooding processes. It is observed that both channel size distribution (Video 2) and heteroge...

  3. Cytological Sampling Versus Forceps Biopsy During Percutaneous Transhepatic Biliary Drainage and Analysis of Factors Predicting Success

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tapping, C. R.; Byass, O. R.; Cast, J. E. I., E-mail: james.cast@hey.nhs.uk [Hull Royal Infirmary, Department of Radiology (United Kingdom)

    2012-08-15

    Purpose: To assess the accuracy of cytological sampling and forceps biopsy in obstructing biliary lesions and to identify factors predictive of success. Methods: Consecutive patients (n = 119) with suspected malignant inoperable obstructive jaundice treated with percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage during 7 years were included (60 male; mean age 72.5 years). All patients underwent forceps biopsy plus cytological sampling by washing the forceps device in cytological solution. Patient history, procedural and pathological records, and clinical follow-up were reviewed. Statistical analysis included chi-square test and multivariate regression analysis. Results: Histological diagnosis after forceps biopsy was more successful than cytology: Sensitivity was 78 versus 61%, and negative predictive value was 30 versus 19%. Cytology results were never positive when the forceps biopsy was negative. The cytological sample was negative and forceps sample positive in 2 cases of cholangiocarcinoma, 16 cases of pancreatic carcinoma, and 1 case of benign disease. Diagnostic accuracy was predicted by low bilirubin (p < 0.001), aspartate transaminase (p < 0.05), and white cell count (p {<=} 0.05). Conclusions: This technique is safe and effective and is recommended for histological diagnosis during PTBD in patients with inoperable malignant biliary strictures. Diagnostic yield is greater when bilirubin levels are low and there is no sepsis; histological diagnosis by way of forceps biopsy renders cytological sampling unnecessary.

  4. Individually addressable cathodes with integrated focusing stack or detectors

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Thomas, Clarence E.; Baylor, Larry R.; Voelkl, Edgar; Simpson, Michael L.; Paulus, Michael J.; Lowndes, Douglas; Whealton, John; Whitson, John C.; Wilgen, John B.

    2005-07-12

    Systems and method are described for addressable field emission array (AFEA) chips. A plurality of individually addressable cathodes are integrated with an electrostatic focusing stack and/or a plurality of detectors on the addressable field emission array. The systems and methods provide advantages including the avoidance of space-charge blow-up.

  5. Preconceptual ABC design definition and system configuration layout

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barthold, W. [Barthold & Associates, Inc., Knoxville, TN (United States)

    1995-03-01

    This document is the conceptual design document for the follow-on to the Molten Salt Breeder Reactor, known as the ABC type reactor. It addresses blanket design options, containment options, off-gas systems, drainage systems, and components/layouts of the primary, secondary, and tertiary systems, and it contains a number of diagrams for the configuration of the major systems.

  6. Evaluate Status of Pacific Lamprey in the Clearwater River and Salmon River Drainages, Idaho, 2009 Technical Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cochnauer, Tim; Claire, Christopher [Idaho Department of Fish and Game

    2009-05-07

    Pacific lamprey Lampetra tridentata have received little attention in fishery science until recently, even though abundance has declined significantly along with other anadromous fish species in Idaho. Pacific lamprey in Idaho have to navigate over eight lower Snake River and Columbia River hydroelectric facilities for migration downstream as juveniles to the Pacific Ocean and again as adults migrating upstream to their freshwater spawning grounds in Idaho. The number of adult Pacific lamprey annually entering the Snake River basin at Ice Harbor Dam has declined from an average of over 18,000 during 1962-1969 to fewer than 600 during 1998-2006. Based on potential accessible streams and adult escapement over Lower Granite Dam on the lower Snake River, we estimate that no more than 200 Pacific lamprey adult spawners annually utilize the Clearwater River drainage in Idaho for spawning. We utilized electrofishing in 2000-2006 to capture, enumerate, and obtain biological information regarding rearing Pacific lamprey ammocoetes and macropthalmia to determine the distribution and status of the species in the Clearwater River drainage, Idaho. Present distribution in the Clearwater River drainage is limited to the lower sections of the Lochsa and Selway rivers, the Middle Fork Clearwater River, the mainstem Clearwater River, the South Fork Clearwater River, and the lower 7.5 km of the Red River. In 2006, younger age classes were absent from the Red River.

  7. Combustion Assisted Gravity Drainage (CAGD): An In-Situ Combustion Method to Recover Heavy Oil and Bitumen from Geologic Formations using a Horizontal Injector/Producer Pair 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rahnema, Hamid

    2012-11-21

    Combustion assisted gravity drainage (CAGD) is an integrated horizontal well air injection process for recovery and upgrading of heavy oil and bitumen from tar sands. Short-distance air injection and direct mobilized oil production are the main...

  8. Phylogeography of Rhinichthys cataractae (Teleostei: Cyprinidae): pre-glacial colonization across the Great Continental Divide and Pleistocene diversification within the Rio Grande drainage 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Dae Min

    2013-09-16

    The longnose dace, Rhinichthys cataractae, is a primary freshwater fish inhibiting riffle habitats in small headwater rivers and streams across the North American continent, including drainages east and west of the Continental Divide. Phylogenetic...

  9. The Impact of Geologic and Geomorphic Characteristics on Drainage Efficiency and Discharge; Uncompahgre, San Miguel, and Animas River Watersheds, Colorado, USA 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gamache, Garrett

    2014-08-05

    relationships between the timing and volume of flow regimes can be sufficiently explained by subbasin drainage area, average basin slope, average basin elevation, percentage of subbasin area above 2,250 m, dominant basin aspect, lithologic rippability, landcover...

  10. www.planetearth.nerc.ac.uk Autumn 2014 Trout in hot water Biodiversity and big data Bioenergy's carbon footprint Sustainable drainage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brierley, Andrew

    's carbon footprint · Sustainable drainage Intothe #12;Front cover image courtesy Ben Langford About us NERC to account ­ bioenergy's carbon footprint What's the true cost of growing our fuel? 22 The science

  11. Football - Individuals - 1970s - 485 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2005-06-30

    Teamwork and communication are two important processes within multi-agent systems designed to act in a coherent and coordinated manner. Modeling teamwork involves interleaving steps within shared plans that will allow agents to work together towards...

  12. Football - Individuals - 1980s - 49 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2005-06-30

    A baculovirus (Spodoptera frugiperda) system was designed to express recombinant canine thyroid stimulating hormone (rcTSH). The efficacy of rcTSH was measured against pituitary derived bovine thyroid stimulating hormone ...

  13. Football - Individuals - 1970s - 432 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2005-06-30

    The domestic dog, Canis lupus familiaris, is a unique model system for the dissection of hereditary diseases. Selective breeding practices have created more than 300 distinct breeds of dogs, born from a desire to create ...

  14. Case history of pressure maintenance by gas injection in the 26R gravity drainage reservoir

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wei, M.H.; Yu, J.P.; Moore, D.M.; Ezekwe, N. (Bechtel Petroleum Operations, Inc., Tupman, CA (United States)); Querin, M.E. (USDOE Naval Petroleum Reserves in California, Tupman, CA (United States)); Williams, L.L. (Chevron U.S.A., Inc., San Francisco, CA (United States))

    1992-01-01

    This paper is a field case history on the performance of the 26R Reservoir. This is a gravity drainage reservoir under pressure maintenance by crestal gas injection. The 26R Reservoir is a highly layered Stevens turbidite sandstone. The reservoir is located in the Naval Petroleum Reserve No. 1 (NPR{number sign}1) in Elk Hills, Kern County, California. The 26R Reservoir is contained within the steeply dipping southwestern limb of the 31S Anticline. The reservoir had an initial oil column of 1800 feet. Original oil-in-place (OOIP) was estimated at 424 million barrels. Pressure maintenance by crestal gas injection was initiated immediately after production began in October 1976. The total volume of gas injected is about 586 BCF. This exceeds one reservoir pore volume. Reservoir pressure has declined from 3030 psi to 2461 psi. This pressure decline believe to be due to migration of injected gas into the overlaying shale reservoirs. Under the gas injection pressure maintenance strategy, reserves are estimated to be approximately 212 million barrels. Reservoir studies have concluded that the aquifer at the base of the reservoir has been relatively inactive. Well recompletions, deepenings, and horizontal wells are used to improve oil recovery. An aggressive program of controlling gas production began in the mid 1980's by the installation of multiple packers and sleeves. As the gas-oil contact (GOC) has dropped, sand intervals have subsequently been isolated behind packers. A cased hole logging program was recently undertaken to identify possible remaining reserves in the gas cap. 15 refs., 24 figs., 2 tabs.

  15. Case history of pressure maintenance by gas injection in the 26R gravity drainage reservoir

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wei, M.H.; Yu, J.P.; Moore, D.M.; Ezekwe, N. [Bechtel Petroleum Operations, Inc., Tupman, CA (United States); Querin, M.E. [USDOE Naval Petroleum Reserves in California, Tupman, CA (United States); Williams, L.L. [Chevron U.S.A., Inc., San Francisco, CA (United States)

    1992-02-01

    This paper is a field case history on the performance of the 26R Reservoir. This is a gravity drainage reservoir under pressure maintenance by crestal gas injection. The 26R Reservoir is a highly layered Stevens turbidite sandstone. The reservoir is located in the Naval Petroleum Reserve No. 1 (NPR{number_sign}1) in Elk Hills, Kern County, California. The 26R Reservoir is contained within the steeply dipping southwestern limb of the 31S Anticline. The reservoir had an initial oil column of 1800 feet. Original oil-in-place (OOIP) was estimated at 424 million barrels. Pressure maintenance by crestal gas injection was initiated immediately after production began in October 1976. The total volume of gas injected is about 586 BCF. This exceeds one reservoir pore volume. Reservoir pressure has declined from 3030 psi to 2461 psi. This pressure decline believe to be due to migration of injected gas into the overlaying shale reservoirs. Under the gas injection pressure maintenance strategy, reserves are estimated to be approximately 212 million barrels. Reservoir studies have concluded that the aquifer at the base of the reservoir has been relatively inactive. Well recompletions, deepenings, and horizontal wells are used to improve oil recovery. An aggressive program of controlling gas production began in the mid 1980`s by the installation of multiple packers and sleeves. As the gas-oil contact (GOC) has dropped, sand intervals have subsequently been isolated behind packers. A cased hole logging program was recently undertaken to identify possible remaining reserves in the gas cap. 15 refs., 24 figs., 2 tabs.

  16. An Experimental Metagenome Data Management and Analysis System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01

    microbiomes, such as acid mine drainage biofilms [21] andgenerated from an acid mine drainage (AMD) biofilm [21], anpopulations in the Acid Mine Drainage (AMD) microbiome. In

  17. Electrical Contacts to Individual Colloidal Semiconductor Nanorods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trudeau, Paul-Emile

    2008-01-01

    stable nanostructured electrical devices with interestingElectrical Contacts to Individual Colloidal Semiconductorand its effect on electrical properties has important

  18. Recovery of the lost individual: a Deweyan examination of individuality and community 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pope, Nakia S

    1999-01-01

    In 1929 - 1930, John Dewey wrote a series of essays which became the work "Individualism Old and New.'' In this work, he describes a type of individual which he terms "lost.'' The lost individual is disconnected, disoriented, and disassociated...

  19. Percutaneous Transhepatic Biliary Drainage in the Management of Postsurgical Biliary Leaks in Patients with Nondilated Intrahepatic Bile Ducts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cozzi, Guido, E-mail: guido.cozzi@istitutotumori.mi.it; Severini, Aldo; Civelli, Enrico; Milella, Marco [National Cancer Institute (Istituto Nazionale Tumori), Department of Radiology, Radiologia 3 Unit (Italy); Pulvirenti, Andrea [National Cancer Institute (Istituto Nazionale Tumori), Department of Surgery, Gastrointestinal Surgery and Liver Transplantation Unit (Italy); Salvetti, Monica [National Cancer Institute (Istituto Nazionale Tumori), Department of Radiology, Radiologia 3 Unit (Italy); Romito, Raffaele [National Cancer Institute (Istituto Nazionale Tumori), Department of Surgery, Gastrointestinal Surgery and Liver Transplantation Unit (Italy); Suman, Laura; Chiaraviglio, Francesca [National Cancer Institute (Istituto Nazionale Tumori), Department of Radiology, Radiologia 3 Unit (Italy); Mazzaferro, Vincenzo [National Cancer Institute (Istituto Nazionale Tumori), Department of Surgery, Gastrointestinal Surgery and Liver Transplantation Unit (Italy)

    2006-06-15

    Purpose. To assess the feasibility of percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (PTBD) for the treatment of postsurgical biliary leaks in patients with nondilated intrahepatic bile ducts, its efficacy in restoring the integrity of bile ducts, and technical procedures to reduce morbidity. Methods. Seventeen patients out of 936 undergoing PTBD over a 20-year period had a noncholestatic liver and were retrospectively reviewed. All patients underwent surgery for cancer and suffered a postsurgical biliary leak of 345 ml/day on average; 71% were in poor condition and required permanent nutritional support. An endoscopic approach failed or was excluded due to inaccessibility of the bile ducts. Results. Established biliary leaks and site of origin were diagnosed an average of 21 days (range 1-90 days) after surgery. In all cases percutaneous access to the biliary tree was achieved. An external (preleakage) drain was applied in 7 cases, 9 patients had an external-internal fistula bridging catheter, and 1 patient had a percutaneous hepatogastrostomy. Fistulas healed in an average of 31 days (range 3-118 days ) in 15 of 17 patients (88%) following PTBD. No major complications occurred after drainage. Post-PTBD cholangitis was observed in 6 of 17 patients (35%) and was related to biliary sludge formation occurring mostly when drainage lasted >30 days and was of the external-internal type. Median patient survival was 17.7 months and in all cases the repaired biliary leaks remained healed. Conclusions. PTBD is a feasible, effective, and safe procedure for the treatment of postsurgical biliary leaks. It is therefore a reliable alternative to surgical repair, which entails longer hospitalization and higher costs.

  20. Advanced Reservoir Characterization and Evaluation of CO2 Gravity Drainage in the Naturally Fractured Spraberry Trend Area, Class III

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Knight, Bill; Schechter, David S.

    2002-07-26

    The goal of this project was to assess the economic feasibility of CO2 flooding the naturally fractured Spraberry Trend Area in west Texas. This objective was accomplished through research in four areas: (1) extensive characterization of the reservoirs, (2) experimental studies of crude oil/brine/rock (COBR) interactions in the reservoirs, (3) reservoir performance analysis, and (4) experimental investigations on CO2 gravity drainage in Spraberry whole cores. This provides results of the final year of the six-year project for each of the four areas.

  1. Electrical Characterization of Individual Semiconductor Nanocrystals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheldon, Matthew Thomas

    2010-01-01

    al. Structural, optical, and electrical properties of PbSeT. & Alivisatos, A. P. Electrical Transport through a SingleV. & Alivisatos, A. P. Electrical Contacts to Individual

  2. Washington Environmental Permit Handbook - NPDES Individual Permit...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Washington Environmental Permit Handbook - NPDES Individual Permit Coverage Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library PermittingRegulatory Guidance -...

  3. Zangerl, C., Eberhardt, E., Loew, S., Evans, K., Coupled hydromechanical modelling of surface subsidence in crystalline rock masses due to tunnel drainage. ISRM 2003Technology roadmap for rock mechanics, South African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eberhardt, Erik

    subsidence in crystalline rock masses due to tunnel drainage. ISRM 2003­Technology roadmap for rock mechanics subsidence in crystalline rock masses due to tunnel drainage C. Zangerl, E. Eberhardt, S. Loew, K.F. Evans are rarely observed and in the past, geotechnical engineers would not expect substantial subsidence to occur

  4. Compensated individually addressable array technology for human breast imaging

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lewis, D. Kent (San Francisco, CA)

    2003-01-01

    A method of forming broad bandwidth acoustic or microwave beams which encompass array design, array excitation, source signal preprocessing, and received signal postprocessing. This technique uses several different methods to achieve improvement over conventional array systems. These methods are: 1) individually addressable array elements; 2) digital-to-analog converters for the source signals; 3) inverse filtering from source precompensation; and 4) spectral extrapolation to expand the bandwidth of the received signals. The components of the system will be used as follows: 1) The individually addressable array allows scanning around and over an object, such as a human breast, without any moving parts. The elements of the array are broad bandwidth elements and efficient radiators, as well as detectors. 2) Digital-to-analog converters as the source signal generators allow virtually any radiated field to be created in the half-space in front of the array. 3) Preprocessing allows for corrections in the system, most notably in the response of the individual elements and in the ability to increase contrast and resolution of signal propagating through the medium under investigation. 4) Postprocessing allows the received broad bandwidth signals to be expanded in a process similar to analytic continuation. Used together, the system allows for compensation to create beams of any desired shape, control the wave fields generated to correct for medium differences, and improve contract and resolution in and through the medium.

  5. Water flow and P dynamics in a low-relief landscape manipulated by extensive canal and ditch drainage systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grunwald, Sabine

    .69 (calibration) and 0.81 (validation) comparing measured and simulated P loads. The good model performance flat topography and low hydraulic gradients are prominent, increased P loads from point sediment and particulate P loads and pathways in low- land agricultural watersheds in the United Kingdom

  6. IMG/M: A data management and analysis system for metagenomes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-01-01

    samples, including an acid mine drainage (AMD) biofilm (5),samples, including an acid mine drainage biofilm (5), threesamples, including an acid mine drainage biofilm (5), three

  7. Regional-Scale Assessment of Nitrous Oxide Emissions within the US Corn Belt: The Impact of Precipitation and Agricultural Drainage on Indirect Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    Regional-Scale Assessment of Nitrous Oxide Emissions within the US Corn Belt: The Impact of Precipitation and Agricultural Drainage on Indirect Emissions Tim Griffis1, Xuhui Lee2, John Baker3, Peter, but mitigation strategies have been limited by the large uncertainties in both direct and indirect emission

  8. ABSTRACT: FRANKEL K.L. & PAZZAGLIA F.J., Tectonic geomorpholo-gy, drainage basin metrics, and active mountain fronts. (IT ISSN 1724-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frankel, Kurt L.

    and deformational style in the western United States and Italy. Our study is guided by initial results obtained from United States. We attribute the higher variance to the effects of overall larger drainage basin size settings. Here we report results from test cases on five mountain fronts with variable rates of rock uplift

  9. Individual Development and Excutive Development Plan Resources

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    According to OPM, an individual development plan (IDP) is a tool to assist employees in career and personal development. Its primary purpose is to help employees reach short and long-term career...

  10. Medical expense deduction for the individual taxpayer 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Winters, Gerald Milton

    1960-01-01

    MEDICAL EXPENSE DEDUCTION FOR THE INDIVIDUAL TAXPAYER A Thesis By GERALD M. WINTERS Submitted to the Graduate School of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of T~as in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... in the preparation of this thesis and to my wife, Verna Joy, goes special gratitude for her patience and assistance in making this work possible and worthwhile. MEDICAL EXPENSE DEDUCTION FOR THE INDIVIDUAL TAXPAYER Chapter I HISTORICAL REVIEW OF THE MEDICAL...

  11. Effect of Brush Vegetation on Deep Drainage Using Chloride Mass Balance 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Navarrete Ganchozo, Ronald J.

    2011-02-22

    related to recharge rates: low Clconcentrations indicate high recharge rates as Cl- is leached from the system; high Cl concentrations indicate low recharge rates since Cl- accumulates as a result of evapotranspiration. The objectives were (1) to assess...

  12. Arias, Eden, Fischer, Gorman, & Scharff 1 ToCHI Submission Transcending the Individual Human Mind

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fischer, Gerhard

    complex design problems can extend the power of the individual human mind. Based on our past workArias, Eden, Fischer, Gorman, & Scharff 1 ToCHI Submission Transcending the Individual Human Mind Ñ challenges we see as the limiting factors for future collaborative human- computer systems. The Envisionment

  13. Irrigation Canals as Sink Habitat for Trout and Other Fishes in a Wyoming Drainage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of mortality for fish in the Rocky Mountain region. Our study looked at how fish were affected by the irrigation canal system in the Smiths Fork, a tributary to the Bear River in western Wyoming. There are two speckled dace Rhinichthys osculus (29% of all fish) and mountain sucker Catostomus platyrhynchus (37

  14. Individual Recommendation Form Name of Applicant_______________________________________

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dennett, Daniel

    to Graduate Study (other than Health Professions) _____ Application for admission to health professions applying to programs in the health professions, please note this additional information: "We would requested by health professions schools. The composite letter will include quotes from individual letters

  15. MeetingsForum12 Individuals, populations,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    of organism-specific research that is crucial to the field. His time-lapsed, false-color videos of the movement of radioac- tively labeled carbon-containing and nitrogen-containing com- pounds captivated al. (University of British Columbia, Canada) who simultaneously genotyped roots of individual trees

  16. Navigation in Information Spaces: supporting the individual

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Höök, Kristina

    Navigation in Information Spaces: supporting the individual David Benyon Dept. Computer Studies of how users can navigate their way through large information spaces is one that is crucial to the ever takes a critical look at the alterna- tives for assisting users to navigate information spaces

  17. Cellular asymmetry and individuality in directional sensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Oudenaarden, Alexander

    Cellular asymmetry and individuality in directional sensing Azadeh Samadani, Jerome Mettetal, it is becoming increasingly clear that, even in a genetically identical population, cellular behavior can vary signals (cellular asymmetry). Second, we find that the magnitude of this asymmetry varies greatly among

  18. Perfectly Secure Encryption of Individual Sequences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Merhav, Neri

    key rate LZ compressibility. Encrypter/decrypter have unlimited resources, whereas eavesdropper Direct: LZ compression + one­time pad encryption ­ (x) = (x). Natural individual­sequence counterpart, ki, si) zi+1 = g(zi, xi, si) Perfect security: Pr(yn |x, s) ­ independent of x. Info losslessness

  19. SONIC EQUIPMENT FOR TRACKING INDIVIDUAL FISH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . The equipment can be used in varied hydraulic conditions and in fresh or salt water to track the movements of individual adult salmon in relation to Columbia River dams. Each dam on the Columbia River presents a chance for delay in migration with injurious consequences if the delay is prolonged. Since new dams are under

  20. Strontium isotope quantification of siderite, brine and acid mine drainage contributions to abandoned gas well discharges in the Appalachian Plateau

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chapman, Elizabeth C.; Capo, Rosemary C.; Stewart, Brian W.; Hedin, Robert S.; Weaver, Theodore J.; Edenborn, Harry M.

    2013-04-01

    Unplugged abandoned oil and gas wells in the Appalachian region can serve as conduits for the movement of waters impacted by fossil fuel extraction. Strontium isotope and geochemical analysis indicate that artesian discharges of water with high total dissolved solids (TDS) from a series of gas wells in western Pennsylvania result from the infiltration of acidic, low Fe (Fe < 10 mg/L) coal mine drainage (AMD) into shallow, siderite (iron carbonate)-cemented sandstone aquifers. The acidity from the AMD promotes dissolution of the carbonate, and metal- and sulfate-contaminated waters rise to the surface through compromised abandoned gas well casings. Strontium isotope mixing models suggest that neither upward migration of oil and gas brines from Devonian reservoirs associated with the wells nor dissolution of abundant nodular siderite present in the mine spoil through which recharge water percolates contribute significantly to the artesian gas well discharges. Natural Sr isotope composition can be a sensitive tool in the characterization of complex groundwater interactions and can be used to distinguish between inputs from deep and shallow contamination sources, as well as between groundwater and mineralogically similar but stratigraphically distinct rock units. This is of particular relevance to regions such as the Appalachian Basin, where a legacy of coal, oil and gas exploration is coupled with ongoing and future natural gas drilling into deep reservoirs.

  1. Engineering evaluation/cost analysis for the proposed removal action at the Southeast Drainage near the Weldon Spring Site, Weldon Spring, Missouri

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-08-01

    The engineering evaluation/cost analysis (EE/CA) has been prepared to support the proposed removal of contaminated sediment from selected portions of the Southeast Drainage as part of cleanup activities being conducted at the Weldon Spring site in St. Charles County, Missouri, by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). The cleanup activities are conducted in accordance with the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA), as amended, incorporating the values of the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA). The Weldon Spring site is located near the town of Weldon Spring, about 48 km (30 mi) west of St. Louis. It consists of two noncontiguous areas: the chemical plant area and a limestone quarry about 6.4 km (4 mi) south-southwest of the chemical plant area. The Southeast Drainage is a natural 2.4-km (1.5-mi) channel that carries surface runoff to the Missouri River from the southern portion of the chemical plant area and a small portion of the ordnance works area (part of the Weldon Spring Training Area) south of the groundwater divide. The drainage became contaminated as a result of past activities of the U.S. Army and the DOE (and its predecessors).

  2. Bio-Economic Analyses of Biofuel-Based Integrated Farm Drainage Management Systems on Marginal Land in a Salinity and Drainage Impacted Region: The Case of California's Central Valley

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levers, Lucia

    2015-01-01

    Table 2- 9: West Side biogas bioenergy production potentialconverting to energy via biogas, this has been estimated asare given in Table 2-8 and biogas is given in Table 2-9.

  3. Bio-Economic Analyses of Biofuel-Based Integrated Farm Drainage Management Systems on Marginal Land in a Salinity and Drainage Impacted Region: The Case of California's Central Valley

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levers, Lucia

    2015-01-01

    Carbon Dioxide Emissions ..145 4.4.5 Carbon Dioxide Emissions and Biodieseldecreased carbon dioxide emissions and increased security

  4. Bio-Economic Analyses of Biofuel-Based Integrated Farm Drainage Management Systems on Marginal Land in a Salinity and Drainage Impacted Region: The Case of California's Central Valley

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levers, Lucia

    2015-01-01

    p f is the price of purchased diesel fuel), and irrigationFuel Price and Carbon Dioxide Tax Sensitivity Analysis As biodiesel produced replaces fossil dieselfuel prices of $2, $3, and $4 per gallon, chosen from historical red diesel

  5. Bio-Economic Analyses of Biofuel-Based Integrated Farm Drainage Management Systems on Marginal Land in a Salinity and Drainage Impacted Region: The Case of California's Central Valley

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levers, Lucia

    2015-01-01

    digestion in global bio-energy production: potential andand potential energy production. We develop a bio- economic

  6. Bio-Economic Analyses of Biofuel-Based Integrated Farm Drainage Management Systems on Marginal Land in a Salinity and Drainage Impacted Region: The Case of California's Central Valley

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levers, Lucia

    2015-01-01

    recovery versus biofuel production.. Env. Sci and Tech. 49:An assessment of biofuel production from perennial grassesfuel production. However, biofuel production using crops has

  7. Individual Development Plan (IDP) | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergy HeadquartersFuelBConservation StandardsEnergy In2008Department ofIndividual

  8. Individual Differences in Human Reliability Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jeffrey C. Joe; Ronald L. Boring

    2014-06-01

    While human reliability analysis (HRA) methods include uncertainty in quantification, the nominal model of human error in HRA typically assumes that operator performance does not vary significantly when they are given the same initiating event, indicators, procedures, and training, and that any differences in operator performance are simply aleatory (i.e., random). While this assumption generally holds true when performing routine actions, variability in operator response has been observed in multiple studies, especially in complex situations that go beyond training and procedures. As such, complexity can lead to differences in operator performance (e.g., operator understanding and decision-making). Furthermore, psychological research has shown that there are a number of known antecedents (i.e., attributable causes) that consistently contribute to observable and systematically measurable (i.e., not random) differences in behavior. This paper reviews examples of individual differences taken from operational experience and the psychological literature. The impact of these differences in human behavior and their implications for HRA are then discussed. We propose that individual differences should not be treated as aleatory, but rather as epistemic. Ultimately, by understanding the sources of individual differences, it is possible to remove some epistemic uncertainty from analyses.

  9. The San Joaquin Valley Westside Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quinn, Nigel W.T.; Linneman, J. Christopher; Tanji, Kenneth K.

    2006-01-01

    were retrofitted on drainage sumps and discharge pointsestimate the drainage flow contribution from each sump andat individual sumps. Water districts also mandated drainage

  10. Checklist for Individuals with an Abnormal BeLPT | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Abnormal BeLPT This checklist is to assist individuals who have received an abnormal Beryllium Lymphocyte Proliferation Test. The checklist informs these individuals with the...

  11. Biological Mn(II) oxidation in freshwater and marine systems : new perspectives on reactants, mechanisms and microbial catalysts of Mn cycling in the environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clement, Brian Gregory

    2006-01-01

    a mining-related acid drainage problem. Applied Geochemistrya mining-related acid drainage problem. Applied GeochemistryBioremediation of Acid Mine Drainage: Mn(II) Oxidation at

  12. Handbook for preparation of Individual Procurement Action Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1996-10-01

    The Procurement and Assistance Data System (PADS) provides a mechanism for collecting, assembling, organizing, and presenting acquisition and assistance data for the Department of Energy (DOE). This handbook and associated documents establish a uniform system to report acquisition/assistance data to PADS for the collection, processing, and dissemination of official statistical data on the Department`s acquisition and assistance actions. The data provides, based on information available at the time of request, a basis for any recurring and special reports to the senior procurement executive, Congress, General Accounting Office (GAO), Federal executive agencies, Office of management and Budget (OMB), and the general public. It provides information for measuring and assessing the extent to which small business firms and small disadvantages business enterprises are sharing in DOE placement, and for other acquisition and assistance policy and management control purposes. The Handbook for the Preparation of the Individual Procurement Action Report (IPAR) has been designed in two sections; Procurement and Financial Assistance to support the individual forms.

  13. Energy Transfer from Individual Semiconductor Nanocrystals to Graphene

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Zheyuan; Nuckolls, Colin; Heinz, Tony F; Brus, Louis E

    2010-01-01

    Energy transfer from photoexcited zero-dimensional systems to metallic systems plays a prominent role in modern day materials science. A situation of particular interest concerns the interaction between a photoexcited dipole and an atomically thin metal. The recent discovery of graphene layers permits investigation of this phenomenon. Here we report a study of fluorescence from individual CdSe/ZnS nanocrystals in contact with single- and few-layer graphene sheets. The rate of energy transfer is determined from the strong quenching of the nanocrystal fluorescence. For single-layer graphene, we find a rate of ~ 4ns-1, in agreement with a model based on the dipole approximation and a tight-binding description of graphene. This rate increases significantly with the number of graphene layers, before approaching the bulk limit. Our study quantifies energy transfer to and fluorescence quenching by graphene, critical properties for novel applications in photovoltaic devices and as a molecular ruler.

  14. Individual variation in cooperative behaviour in meerkats

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    English, Sinéad

    2010-04-13

    foraging behaviour and vocalizations 92 7.1 Abstract 93 7.2 Introduction 93 7.3 Methods 97 7.3.1 Do adults modify their foraging behaviour in the presence of pups? 97 7.3.2 Do adults modify their vocalizations in the presence of pups? 99 7.3.3 What... depending on the environment (Luttbeg and Warner, 1999). There is increasing evidence, however, that behaviour may be constrained within individuals (Pigliucci, 2001), just as there are limits on other aspects of phenotypic plasticity (DeWitt et al., 1998...

  15. Stream Alteration Individual Permit | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-Enhancing CapacityVectren) JumpandStereoNewCreek FormationStratovolcano JumpIndividual

  16. Individual Industrial WPFC Permit | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas: Energy ResourcesOrder at 8, 13 (Vt. Water Res.:01EnergyIndianapolisIndio,Individual

  17. Tracking Individual Gold Nanoparticles | The Ames Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorking With U.S.Week DayDr.Theories81Towards HeavyCoupledTracking Individual

  18. Inhibiting Individual Notch Receptors Improves Treatment

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACT EVALUATION PLAN FOR0987P Uncertainty inInhibiting Individual Notch

  19. Inhibiting Individual Notch Receptors Improves Treatment

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACT EVALUATION PLAN FOR0987P Uncertainty inInhibiting Individual

  20. Inhibiting Individual Notch Receptors Improves Treatment

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACT EVALUATION PLAN FOR0987P Uncertainty inInhibiting IndividualInhibiting

  1. Inhibiting Individual Notch Receptors Improves Treatment

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformation CurrentHenryInhibiting Individual Notch Receptors Improves Treatment Print

  2. Tracking individual nanodiamonds in Drosophila melanogaster embryos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simpson, David A; Kowarsky, Mark; Zeeshan, Nida F; Barson, Michael S J; Hall, Liam; Yan, Yan; Kaufmann, Stefan; Johnson, Brett C; Ohshima, Takeshi; Caruso, Frank; Scholten, Robert; Saint, Robert B; Murray, Michael J; Hollenberg, Lloyd C L

    2013-01-01

    Tracking the dynamics of fluorescent nanoparticles during embryonic development allows insights into the physical state of the embryo and, potentially, molecular processes governing developmental mechanisms. In this work, we investigate the motion of individual fluorescent nanodiamonds micro-injected into Drosophila melanogaster embryos prior to cellularisation. Fluorescence correlation spectroscopy and wide-field imaging techniques are applied to individual fluorescent nanodiamonds in blastoderm cells during stage 5 of development to a depth of ~40 \\mu m. The majority of nanodiamonds in the blastoderm cells during cellularisation exhibit free diffusion with an average diffusion coefficient of (6 $\\pm$ 3) x 10$^{-3}$ \\mu m$^2$/s, (mean $\\pm$ SD). Driven motion in the blastoderm cells was also observed with an average velocity of 0.13 $\\pm$ 0.10 \\mu m/s (mean $\\pm$ SD) \\mu m/s and an average applied force of 0.07 $\\pm$ 0.05 pN (mean $\\pm$ SD). Nanodiamonds in the periplasm between the nuclei and yolk were also...

  3. Aalborg Universitet Individual Module Maximum Power Point Tracking for a Thermoelectric Generator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schaltz, Erik

    Aalborg Universitet Individual Module Maximum Power Point Tracking for a Thermoelectric Generator Tracking for a Thermoelectric Generator Systems. Poster session presented at The 31st International & 10th Generator Systems Casper Vadstrup (cvdst08@student.aau.dk), Min Chen (mch@et.aau.dk), Erik Schaltz (esc

  4. The Digital Individual and the Private Realm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Dawn Jeannine

    of California, Los Angeles Geographic information systems and the technological family associated with them those raised by other technologies such as cartog- raphy or information systems more broadly. I shall of privacy itself. They make reasonable and acceptable the view that technological change is inevitable

  5. Letter: Southeast Drainage Remediation.

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal Gas &SCE-SessionsSouth DakotaRobbins and MyersHr. Anthony V. Andolina:I 1 '\ LI g.3LTSI9

  6. Time traces of individual kinesin motors suggest functional heterogeneity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reddy, Babu J N; Xu, Jing; Mattson, Michelle; Arabi, Karim; Vershinin, Michael; Gross, Steven; Hyeon, Changbong

    2015-01-01

    Conventional analysis of in vitro assays of motor proteins rests on the assumption that all proteins with the same chemical composition function identically; however molecule-to-molecule variation is often seen even in well-controlled experiments. In an effort to obtain a statistically meaningful set of time traces that simultaneously avoid any experimental artifacts, we performed quantum-dot labeled kinesin experiments on both surface and levitated microtubules. Similar to glassy systems, we found that mean velocities of individual kinesin motors vary widely from one motor to another, the variation of which is greater than that expected from the stochastic variation of stepping times. In the presence of heterogeneity, an ensemble-averaged quantity such as diffusion constant or randomness parameter is ill-defined. We propose to analyze heterogeneous data from single molecule measurements by decomposing them into homogeneous subensembles.

  7. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory 1996 Site Environmental Report Vol. I

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01

    Water Supply Sanitary Sewer Systems Storm Drainage Systemstorm. The drainage facilities in this Sanitary Sewer SystemDistribution Sanitary Sewer System 2-6. Stormwater Drainage

  8. Water-quality and sediment-chemistry data of drain water and evaporation ponds from Tulare Lake Drainage District, Kings County, California, March 1985 to March 1986

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fujii, R.

    1988-01-01

    Trace element and major ion concentrations were measured in water samples collected monthly between March 1985 and March 1986 at the MD-1 pumping station at the Tulare Lake Drainage District evaporation ponds, Kings County, California. Samples were analyzed for selected pesticides several times during the year. Salinity, as measured by specific conductance, ranged from 11,500 to 37,600 microsiemens/centimeter; total recoverable boron ranged from 4,000 to 16,000 micrg/L; and total recoverable molybdenum ranged from 630 to 2,600 microg/L. Median concentrations of total arsenic and total selenium were 97 and 2 microg/L. Atrazine, prometone, propazine, and simazine were the only pesticides detected in water samples collected at the MD-1 pumping station. Major ions, trace elements, and selected pesticides also were analyzed in water and bottom-sediment samples from five of the southern evaporation ponds at Tulare Lake Drainage District. The water samples increased in specific conductance and concentrations of total arsenic, total recoverable boron and total recoverable molybdenum going from pond 1 to pond 10, respectively. Median concentrations of total arsenic and total selenium in the bottom sediments were 4.0 and 0.9 microg/g, respectively. 6 refs., 2 figs., 12 tabs.

  9. Comparative Analysis of Microbial Community Composition Throughout Three Perennially Ice-Covered Lake Systems in the McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica and its Relationship With Lake Geochemistry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foo, Wilson

    2009-01-01

    acidophile important in acid mine drainage. Science 287:2000) Comparison of acid mine drainage microbial communities

  10. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Locomotor Rehabilitation of Individuals With Chronic Stroke

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE Locomotor Rehabilitation of Individuals With Chronic Stroke: Difference Between locomotor rehabilitation in individuals poststroke and how those who respond with clinically meaningful. Setting: Outpatient interdisciplinary rehabilitation research center. Participants: Hemiparetic subjects

  11. Alternative investment opportunities in real estate for individual investors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harper, Jeffrey D. (Jeffrey David)

    2011-01-01

    This thesis will evaluate whether an unsatisfied need to access private commercial market real estate investment opportunities exists on the behalf of individual investors via their Individual Retirement Accounts (IRAs) ...

  12. INDIVIDUAL REFORM ELEMENTS .63Average course exam score

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colorado at Boulder, University of

    INDIVIDUAL REFORM ELEMENTS .63Average course exam score .11In class clicker score .02Lecture: · Correlations with effort/curricular elements are positive but not high, indicating no individual course reform

  13. Faculty of Sciences (2013 SNSFFunded Individual Projects)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Halazonetis, Thanos

    ) Ariztegui Daniel Dead Sea Deep Drilling Project: The Swiss contribution (DSDDP CH) Phase II 75 600 12 and combinatorial aspects of the SelfAvoiding Walk 513 666 36 Fontboté Lluis Fluids and ore forming processes quantum fluids 359 197 24 Giamarchi Thierry Finte temperature dynamical correlations in spin systems 126

  14. Individual differences in the motivation to communicate relate to levels of midbrain and striatal catecholamine markers in male European starlings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sockman, Keith W.

    Individual differences in the motivation to communicate relate to levels of midbrain and striatal: Dopamine Norepinephrine Communication Motivation Social context Courtship Song control system Social area (VTA) and midbrain central gray (GCt) strongly influence motivated, reward-directed behaviors

  15. Well-Balanced Positivity Preserving Central-Upwind Scheme for the Shallow Water System with Friction Terms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chertock, Alina

    . Hydrol., 382 (2010), pp. 88­102], designed to mimic the rain water drainage in urban areas containing houses. Since the rain water depth is typically several orders of magnitude smaller than the heightWell-Balanced Positivity Preserving Central-Upwind Scheme for the Shallow Water System

  16. Utility Accrual Real-Time Resource Access Protocols with Assured Individual Activity Timeliness Behavior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ravindran, Binoy

    Utility Accrual Real-Time Resource Access Protocols with Assured Individual Activity Timeliness Behavior Abstract We present a class of utility accrual resource access protocols for real-time embedded systems. The proto- cols consider application activities that are subject to time/utility function time

  17. Inflow performance relationships for oil-water systems 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukerji, Parijat

    1991-01-01

    in terms of pressure drop. When the pressure pe remains constant at the outer drainage boundary, the resulting equation in field units is kh(Pe-Pwf) 141. 2)1B ln(re/rw) Eq. 3 can be expressed in terms of volumetric average reservoir pressure. Craft... to predict the inflow performance of an individual well. The information is important for the following reasons: 1. Design of production and artificial lift equipment. 2. Design of surface facilities. 3. Profitability analysis of various operating...

  18. Analysis Models and Tools: Systems Analysis of Hydrogen and Fuel...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    and individual summaries of the models and tools used for systems analysis of hydrogen and fuel cells. View the Overview Fact Sheet and Individual Summaries Overview Fact...

  19. Advanced Reservoir Characterization and Evaluation of CO{sub 2} Gravity Drainage in the Naturally Fractured Spraberry Trend Area, Class III

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Knight, Bill; Schechter, David S.

    2001-11-19

    The goal of this project was to assess the economic feasibility of CO{sub 2} flooding the naturally fractured Spraberry Trend Area in west Texas. This objective was accomplished through research in four areas: (1) extensive characterization of the reservoirs, (2) experimental studies of crude oil/brine/rock (COBR) interactions in the reservoirs, (3) reservoir performance analysis, and (4) experimental investigations on CO{sub 2} gravity drainage in Spraberry whole cores. The four areas have been completed and reported in the previous annual reports. This report provides the results of the final year of the project including two SPE papers (SPE 71605 and SPE 71635) presented in the 2001 SPE Annual Meeting in New Orleans, two simulation works, analysis of logging observation wells (LOW) and progress of CO{sub 2} injection.

  20. Author-produced version of the article published in Irrigation and Drainage, 2012, 61 (1), 87-94. The original publication is available at http://wileyonlinelibrary.com DOI: 10.1002/ird.1662

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    are growing, as treatment facilities cannot always keep up. The farming sector could better manage waterAuthor-produced version of the article published in Irrigation and Drainage, 2012, 61 (1), 87-94. The original publication is available at http://wileyonlinelibrary.com DOI: 10.1002/ird.1662 WHICH WATER

  1. File:CDPHE Industrial Individual Wastewater Discharge Permit...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search File Edit History File:CDPHE Industrial Individual Wastewater Discharge Permit Application.pdf Jump to: navigation, search...

  2. Intra- and inter-individual genetic differences in gene expression

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-01-01

    the average proportion of variation across a CGG, thisa very high proportion of the variation in many individualeffects as the proportion of the variation in an individual

  3. Continual Learning Program/Individual Training Plans- No Excuses

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Continual Learning Program (CLP) currently has 4 workshops that focus on employee development. The Individual Development Plan (IDP) is one of the resources discussed in the workshops.

  4. Real-time individualized training vectors for experiential learning.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Willis, Matt; Tucker, Eilish Marie; Raybourn, Elaine Marie; Glickman, Matthew R.; Fabian, Nathan

    2011-01-01

    Military training utilizing serious games or virtual worlds potentially generate data that can be mined to better understand how trainees learn in experiential exercises. Few data mining approaches for deployed military training games exist. Opportunities exist to collect and analyze these data, as well as to construct a full-history learner model. Outcomes discussed in the present document include results from a quasi-experimental research study on military game-based experiential learning, the deployment of an online game for training evidence collection, and results from a proof-of-concept pilot study on the development of individualized training vectors. This Lab Directed Research & Development (LDRD) project leveraged products within projects, such as Titan (Network Grand Challenge), Real-Time Feedback and Evaluation System, (America's Army Adaptive Thinking and Leadership, DARWARS Ambush! NK), and Dynamic Bayesian Networks to investigate whether machine learning capabilities could perform real-time, in-game similarity vectors of learner performance, toward adaptation of content delivery, and quantitative measurement of experiential learning.

  5. Title of Document: INDIVIDUAL AND COLLECTIVE DYNAMICS OF CHEMOTAXING CELLS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anlage, Steven

    ABSTRACT Title of Document: INDIVIDUAL AND COLLECTIVE DYNAMICS OF CHEMOTAXING CELLS Colin Patrick up to dynamics of thousands of communicating cells. To study how individual cells respond to multiple. Polarized cells are linearly stable to perturbations, with a least stable region at about 60 degrees off

  6. Piezoelectric Characterization of Individual Zinc Oxide Nanobelt Probed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Zhong L.

    nanobelt is a promising piezoelectric material for nanosensor and nano- actuator applications due to itsPiezoelectric Characterization of Individual Zinc Oxide Nanobelt Probed by Piezoresponse Force piezoelectric coefficient (d33) of an individual (0001) surface dominated zinc oxide nanobelt lying

  7. BUILD Program bridge to university for individuals with learning disabilities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    BUILD Program bridge to university for individuals with learning disabilities Now, you can get by participating in our new BUILD (Bridge to University for Individuals with Learning Disabilities) Program. Sign the school year knowing the critical information you need to be successful in university. The Bridge

  8. BUILD Program Bridge to University for Individuals with Learning Disabilities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    BUILD Program Bridge to University for Individuals with Learning Disabilities Now, you can get by participating in our new BUILD (Bridge to University for Individuals with Learning Disabilities) Program. Sign the school year knowing the critical information you need to be successful in university. The Bridge

  9. INTRODUCTION The utility of individual based models (IBMs) is that

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SARSIA INTRODUCTION The utility of individual based models (IBMs) is that properties of ecological of the advantages of IBMs is the ability to account for rare individuals, or rare circumstances effecting a few rates) within populations. A review of the state of IBMs dur- ing the early 1990s can be found in De

  10. Evidence-Based Guideline: Individualized Music for Persons with Dementia (5th Individualized Music Quick Reference Guide -2 pages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kay, Mark A.

    Evidence-Based Guideline: Individualized Music for Persons with Dementia (5th Edition) ­ 49 pages, delayed onset of sleep, and disruption of nighttime sleep This program provides FREE downloadable edition. Evidence-Based Guideline: Individualized Music for Persons with Dementia (5th Edition) ­ 49

  11. Influence of electrolyte chemistry on the structure and reactivity of Fe(III) precipitates generated by Fe(0) electrocoagulation: Implications for low-cost arsenic treatment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Genuchten, Case Michael

    2013-01-01

    systems contaminated by acid mine drainage, aqueous Fe(III)from the Carnoules acid mine drainage, France: Comparisonin the carnoulbs acid mine drainage, France. A XANES, XRD,

  12. Two-Dimensional, Individually-Addressable Nanostructure Arrays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Chu-Yeu Peter

    2010-01-01

    and microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) processes, as welland microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) processes, as well

  13. Two-Dimensional, Individually-Addressable Nanostructure Arrays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Chu-Yeu Peter

    2010-01-01

    semiconductor and microelectromechanical systems (MEMS)semiconductor and microelectromechanical systems (MEMS)

  14. The Origins of English Individualism and Earls Colne, Essex

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Macfarlane, Alan

    2006-11-21

    A visit to Earls Colne in Essex, England, in August 2006. Discussions of the origins of English individualism and the reconstruction of the history of an English village. Also wider reflections on China, Japan, feudalism, capitalism, peasantry...

  15. Employee Alignment: A Process for Understanding Individual Changeability 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thundiyil, Tomas

    2015-05-29

    Despite the fact that employee alignment with an initiative is often considered a critical process of organizational change, few studies have examined processes where organizations change the individual to bring about alignment. This research aims...

  16. Organizational justice: a potential facilitator or barrier to individual creativity 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simmons, Aneika L.

    2009-05-15

    the level of creative performance of individuals with creative potential. The influence of organizational justice, a prominent and pervasive environmental factor, on creative output has been largely ignored. I assert that organizational justice (i...

  17. Superspreading and the impact of individual variation on disease emergence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Getz, Wayne M.

    1 Superspreading and the impact of individual variation on disease emergence Supplementary.................................................................................................................................. 4 1.1 Factors contributing to variation in infectiousness 2.2.2 Parameter estimation from mean and proportion of zeros .................................... 8

  18. Modularity, individuality, and evo-devo in butterfly wings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beldade, Patrícia

    Modularity, individuality, and evo-devo in butterfly wings Patri´cia Beldade*, Kees Koops, and Paul selection, and thus, for adaptive evolution (14­16). One related issue to which evo-devo can contribute

  19. Anisotropic light scattering of individual sickle red blood cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Youngchan

    We present the anisotropic light scattering of individual red blood cells (RBCs) from a patient with sickle cell disease (SCD). To measure light scattering spectra along two independent axes of elongated-shaped sickle RBCs ...

  20. Certification of Taxpayer Identification Number for Individuals Please check one

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zallen, Richard

    Substitute Form W-9 Certification of Taxpayer Identification Number for Individuals Please check: ________________________ Middle: _____________________ Last: _______________________________ 2. U.S. taxpayer identification statements are true, correct, and complete and that: 1. The number shown on this form is my correct taxpayer

  1. Acid mine water aeration and treatment system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ackman, Terry E. (Finleyville, PA); Place, John M. (Bethel Park, PA)

    1987-01-01

    An in-line system is provided for treating acid mine drainage which basically comprises the combination of a jet pump (or pumps) and a static mixer. The jet pump entrains air into the acid waste water using a Venturi effect so as to provide aeration of the waste water while further aeration is provided by the helical vanes of the static mixer. A neutralizing agent is injected into the suction chamber of the jet pump and the static mixer is formed by plural sections offset by 90 degrees.

  2. Toward an Evolutionary System of Systems Architecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Austin, Mark

    leads to better decision making which in turn is fed back to automated control systems. Through evolution" of multiple individual systems in the primary development goal (vs. the more common build, design the purposes of the whole; the components systems are separately acquired and integrated but maintain

  3. Dynamic Response of Large Wind Power Plant Affected by Diverse Conditions at Individual Turbines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Elizondo, Marcelo A.; Lu, Shuai; Lin, Guang; Wang, Shaobu

    2014-07-31

    Diverse operating conditions at individual wind turbine generators (WTG) within wind power plants (WPPs) can affect the WPP dynamic response to system faults. For example, individual WTGs can experience diverse terminal voltage and power output caused by different wind direction and speed, affecting the response of protection and control limiters. In this paper, we present a study to investigate the dynamic response of a detailed WPP model under diverse power outputs of its individual WTGs. Wake effect is considered as the reason for diverse power outputs. The diverse WTG power output is evaluated in a test system where a large 168-machine test WPP is connected to the IEEE-39-bus system. The power output from each WTG is derived from a wake effect model that uses realistic statistical data for incoming wind speed and direction. The results show that diverse WTG output due to wake effect can affect the WPP dynamic response activating specialized control in some turbines. In addition, transient stability is affected by exhibiting uncertainty in critical clearing time calculation.

  4. Genetic and Phenotypic Catalog of Native Resident Trout of the interior Columbia River Basin : FY-2001 Report : Populations in the Wenatchee, Entiat, Lake Chelan and Methow River Drainages.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Trotter, Patrick C.

    2001-10-01

    The 1994 Fish and Wildlife Program of the Northwest Power Planning Council specifies the recovery and preservation of population health of native resident fishes of the Columbia River Basin. Among the native resident species of concern are interior rainbow trout of the Columbia River redband subspecies Oncorhynchus mykiss gairdneri 1 and westslope cutthroat trout O. clarki lewisi. The westslope cutthroat trout has been petitioned for listing under the U. S. Endangered Species Act (American Wildlands et al. 1997). Before at-risk populations can be protected, their presence and status must be established. Where introgression from introduced species is a concern, as in the case of both westslope cutthroat trout and redband rainbow trout, genetic issues must be addressed as well. As is true with native trout elsewhere in the western United States (Behnke 1992), most of the remaining pure populations of these species in the Columbia River Basin are in relatively remote headwater reaches. The objective of this project was to photo-document upper Columbia Basin native resident trout populations in Washington, and to ascertain their species or subspecies identity and relative genetic purity using a nonlethal DNA technique. FY-2001 was year three (and final year) of a project in which we conducted field visits to remote locations to seek out and catalog these populations. In FY-2001 we worked in collaboration with the Wenatchee National Forest to catalog populations in the Wenatchee, Entiat, Lake Chelan, and Methow River drainages of Washington State.

  5. Mineralogy of the hardpan formation processes in the interface between sulfide-rich sludge and fly ash: Applications for acid mine drainage mitigation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Perez-Lopez, R.; Nieto, J.M.; Alvarez-Valero, A.M.; De Almodovar, G.R.

    2007-11-15

    In the present study, experiments in non-saturated leaching columns were conducted to characterize the neoformed phases that precipitate at the interface between two waste residues having different chemical characteristics: an acid mine drainage producer residue (i.e., pyritic sludge) and an acidity neutralizer residue (i.e., coal combustion fly ash). A heating source was placed on top of one of the columns to accelerate oxidation and precipitation of newly formed phases, and thus, to observe longer-scale processes. When both residues are deposited together, the resulting leachates are characterized by alkaline pH, and low sulfate and metal concentrations. Two mechanisms help to improve the quality of the leachates. Over short-time scales, the leaching of pyrite at high pH (as a consequence of fly ash addition) favors the precipitation of ferrihydrite, encapsulating the pyrite grains and attenuating the oxidation process. Over longer time scales, a hardpan is promoted at the interface between both residues due to the precipitation of ferrihydrite, jarosite, and a Ca phase-gypsum or aragonite, depending on carbonate ion activity. Geochemical modeling of leachates using PHREEQC software predicted supersaturation in the observed minerals. The development of a relatively rigid crust at the interface favors the isolation of the mining waste from weathering processes, helped by the cementation of fly ash owing to aragonite precipitation, which ensures total isolation and neutralization of the mine residues.

  6. Please complete a separate request for each person needing access to the e-leave system. Each new user should log in using his/her existing UserID. UserIDs are unique for each individual and should not

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arnold, Jonathan

    Please complete a separate request for each person needing access to the e-leave system. Each new://www.busfin.uga.edu/forms/eleave_access.pdf Please send completed request to: Employee Records Human Resources Building 215 S. Jackson St. Athens, GA

  7. Individual and group electronic brainstorming in an industrial setting.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dornburg, Courtney C.; Stevens, Susan Marie; Davidson, George S.; Hendrickson, Stacey M. Langfitt

    2008-05-01

    An experiment was conducted comparing the effectiveness of individual versus group electronic brainstorming in addressing real-world 'wickedly difficult' challenges. Previous laboratory research has engaged small groups of students in answering questions irrelevant to an industrial setting. The current experiment extended this research to larger, real-world employee groups engaged in addressing organization-relevant challenges. Within the present experiment, the data demonstrated that individuals performed at least as well as groups in terms of number of ideas produced and significantly (p < .02) outperformed groups in terms of the quality of those ideas (as measured along the dimensions of originality, feasibility, and effectiveness).

  8. High speed imaging television system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wilkinson, William O. (Silver Spring, MD); Rabenhorst, David W. (Silver Spring, MD)

    1984-01-01

    A television system for observing an event which provides a composite video output comprising the serially interlaced images the system is greater than the time resolution of any of the individual cameras.

  9. Environmental and Microbiological Characteristics of Managed Urban Turfgrass Systems 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caster, Stephen

    2010-01-16

    over a 28.0cm (11in) base of sand, placed over a geotextile fabric that allows the downward migration of water and fine particles from the root zone 12 Total Monthly Rainfall Ma r 0 6 Ma y 0 6 Jul 0 6 Sep06 No v 0 6 J a n07 Ma r... into the wells. 13 Fig. 3a ? Sports field construction. Both sports fields were established according to the Airfield ? system (Airfield Systems, Edmond, Oklahoma), with a geo-textile under-layer to aid in field drainage. Soccer field...

  10. Advanced engine management of individual cylinders for control of exhaust species

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Graves, Ronald L [Knoxville, TN; West, Brian H [Knoxville, TN; Huff, Shean P [Knoxville, TN; Parks, II, James E

    2008-12-30

    A method and system controls engine-out exhaust species of a combustion engine having a plurality of cylinders. The method typically includes various combinations of steps such as controlling combustion parameters in individual cylinders, grouping the individual cylinders into a lean set and a rich set of one or more cylinders, combusting the lean set in a lean combustion parameter condition having a lean air:fuel equivalence ratio, combusting the rich set in a rich combustion parameter condition having a rich air:fuel equivalence ratio, and adjusting the lean set and the rich set of one or more cylinders to generate net-lean combustion. The exhaust species may have elevated concentrations of hydrogen and oxygen.

  11. Bioenergetics-Based Modeling of Individual PCB Congeners in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCarty, John P.

    Bioenergetics-Based Modeling of Individual PCB Congeners in Nestling Tree Swallows from Two 14850 A bioenergetics-based model was used to simulate the accumulation of total PCBs and 20 PCB of sediment- associated contaminants to sediment-dwelling organisms. A bioenergetics-based model was developed

  12. Discerning Electrical and Water Usage by Individuals in Homes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weimer, Westley

    auditing and feedback is an effective and low cost technique that has the potential to save 20-50% energy individual energy saving actions. In this paper, we explore the hypothesis that fixture assignment can be per% of the total US energy budget, and 70% of all electric- ity usage [3]. Engaging home residents in energy

  13. INSTRUMENT IDENTIFICATION IN POLYPHONIC MUSIC SIGNALS BASED ON INDIVIDUAL PARTIALS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tzanetakis, George

    INSTRUMENT IDENTIFICATION IN POLYPHONIC MUSIC SIGNALS BASED ON INDIVIDUAL PARTIALS Jayme Garcia of Victoria Department of Computer Science Victoria, BC, Canada ABSTRACT A new approach to instrument the concurrently played instrument sounds have a high degree of spec- tral overlapping. A pairwise comparison

  14. Intraspecific competition affects the strength of individual specialization: an optimal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolnick, Daniel I.

    of individual specialization. Key assumptions: The foragers in the model are omniscient and maximize energy variation affected prey densities, which in turn affected forager diet breadth and fitness (energy income (Bolnick et al., 2003). For example, the Cocos finch, Pinaroloxias inornata, uses a broad range

  15. Program Benefits of Individual EERE Programs – FY 2010

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    2011-11-01

    This collection of data tables shows the benefits metrics related to energy security, environmental impacts, and economic impacts for individual renewable energy technologies in the EERE portfolio. Data are presented for the years 2015, 2020, 2030, and 2050, for both the NEMS and MARKAL models.

  16. Projected Benefits of Individual EERE Programs (primary and secondary)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    2011-11-01

    This collection of data tables shows the benefits metrics related to energy security, environmental impacts, and economic impacts for individual renewable energy technologies in the EERE portfolio. Data are presented for the years 2015, 2020, 2030, and 2050, for both the NEMS and MARKAL models.

  17. What's in a Session: Tracking Individual Behavior on the Web

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramasco, José Javier

    What's in a Session: Tracking Individual Behavior on the Web Mark Meiss1,2 mmeiss@indiana.edu John to discover novel properties of Web traffic that directly affect models of hypertext navigation. We find that the popularity of Web sites--the number of users who contribute to their traffic--lacks any intrinsic mean

  18. Quantifying Individual Potential Contributions of the Hybrid Sulfur Electrolyzer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weidner, John W.

    Quantifying Individual Potential Contributions of the Hybrid Sulfur Electrolyzer John A. Staser for the hybrid sulfur electrolyzer is controlled mainly by water transport in the cell. Water is required electrolyzer performance and operation. Experimental The experimental setup was the same as that described

  19. Child & Brain Development A group of individuals in the Community

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 CASE STUDY Child & Brain Development A group of individuals in the Community Services Program for Society and Child Development and CIFAR's pro- gram in Experience-based Brain and Biolog- ical Development (EBBD, now called Child & Brain Development). Dan Keating, then director of the Atkinson Centre

  20. Energy Transfer from Individual Semiconductor Nanocrystals to Graphene

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Energy Transfer from Individual Semiconductor Nanocrystals to Graphene Zheyuan Chen,,§ Ste when a dipole is placed in the vicin- ity of a transparent insulating surface. Graphene,3 5 and practical interest. Indeed, single-layer graphene (SLG) possesses extremely high carrier mobility,6 while

  1. Producer Individual License Application Java Desktop App Entered demographic data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demurjian, Steven A.

    TESTING Producer ­ Individual License Application ­ Java Desktop App 7/21/2004 Entered demographic... On `Next', license attachment screen, added a cert letter: Still need to accommodate multiple authorities;On "Submit/Next" ­ Pulled up license with Inquiry tool. Some fields need widening. Didn't pick up

  2. REQUEST FOR OFFERING INDIVIDUAL PROBLEMS AND RESTRICTED ENTRY CARD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    REQUEST FOR OFFERING INDIVIDUAL PROBLEMS AND RESTRICTED ENTRY CARD Montana State University Office of the Registrar The Department/School of __________________________________________ requests permission to offer to the department offering the course for approval. If approved by the department head, the student may

  3. Visualizing Individual Carbon Nanotubes with Optical Microscopy Michael A. Novak,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    with Ag or TiO2 nanocrystals.21,22 Although this approach is high throughput, the deposited materialVisualizing Individual Carbon Nanotubes with Optical Microscopy Michael A. Novak, Sumedh Surwade carbon nanotubes (CNTs) on a silicon wafer using a conventional optical microscope. We show

  4. Health Insurance after Graduation Individual Health Insurance in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    1 April 2010 Health Insurance after Graduation Individual Health Insurance in California Kathy Gage University of California, Berkeley Student Health Insurance Office Berkeley Law Presentation Spring Semester 2010 Health Care vs. Health Insurance Health Care is... Provision of Medical Services by · Private

  5. Variable Pathogenicity Determines Individual Lifespan in Caenorhabditis elegans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Stuart

    , California, United States of America Abstract A common property of aging in all animals, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, United States of America Received December 15, 2010; Accepted is that chronologically and genetically identical individuals age at different rates. To unveil mechanisms that influence

  6. PLAN FEATURES Deductible (per calendar year) None Individual

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    INSURANCE COMPANY Required Unlimited Once Family Payment Limit is met, all family members will be consideredPLAN FEATURES Deductible (per calendar year) None Individual None Family Member Coinsurance Applies to all expenses unless otherwise stated. Payment Limit (per calendar year) $2,000 Employee $4,000 Family

  7. Letter: Walkover Survey, Southeast Drainage

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal Gas &SCE-SessionsSouth DakotaRobbins and MyersHr. Anthony V. Andolina:I 1 '\ LI g.3LTSI9

  8. Southeast Drainage Administrative Record Index

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal Gas &SCE-SessionsSouth DakotaRobbins and700 GJO-2003-411-TACe:Salmon,.WGJPH-146. .* . *'

  9. Mechanics of Individual, Isolated Vortices in a Cuprate Superconductor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ophir M. Auslaender; Lan Luan; Eric W. J. Straver; Jennifer E. Hoffman; Nicholas C. Koshnick; Eli Zeldov; Douglas A. Bonn; Ruixing Liang; Walter N. Hardy; Kathryn A. Moler

    2008-09-16

    Superconductors often contain quantized microscopic whirlpools of electrons, called vortices, that can be modeled as one-dimensional elastic objects. Vortices are a diverse playground for condensed matter because of the interplay between thermal fluctuations, vortex-vortex interactions, and the interaction of the vortex core with the three-dimensional disorder landscape. While vortex matter has been studied extensively, the static and dynamic properties of an individual vortex have not. Here we employ magnetic force microscopy (MFM) to image and manipulate individual vortices in detwinned, single crystal YBa2Cu3O6.991 (YBCO), directly measuring the interaction of a moving vortex with the local disorder potential. We find an unexpected and dramatic enhancement of the response of a vortex to pulling when we wiggle it transversely. In addition, we find enhanced vortex pinning anisotropy that suggests clustering of oxygen vacancies in our sample and demonstrates the power of MFM to probe vortex structure and microscopic defects that cause pinning.

  10. Japanese Experiential -te iru as an Individual-Level Construction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sugita, Mamori

    2008-01-01

    Japanese Experiential -te iru as an Individual-Level Construction Mamori Sugita CUNY Graduate Center 1. Introduction The Japanese -te iru is best known as an aspectual form that yields progressive and perfective readings. The -te iru... form of an activity verb yields a progressive reading, and the -te iru form of an achievement verb yields a perfective reading. Many formal analyses of these two readings can be found in the literature (Ogihara, 1998; Shirai, 2000; Kusumoto, 2003; Mc...

  11. Issues of identity and individuality in quantum mechanics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caulton, Adam

    2015-06-30

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157 6.4.1 Losing individuality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 158 6.4.2 Losing limits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159 6.4.3 Analogy with the average taxpayer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160 6.4.4 A haecceitistic... , as I will argue (Section 6.4), the factorist’s particles are like that familiar abstraction of high-school statistics, ‘the average taxpayer’, and factorism makes a reification error (what Whitehead (1925) called ‘the fallacy of misplaced concreteness...

  12. Modeling the Interplay Between Individual Behavior and Network Distributions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Yang; Dong, Yuxiao; Mei, Qiaozhu; Johnson, Reid A; Chawla, Nitesh V

    2015-01-01

    It is well-known that many networks follow a power-law degree distribution; however, the factors that influence the formation of their distributions are still unclear. How can one model the connection between individual actions and network distributions? How can one explain the formation of group phenomena and their evolutionary patterns? In this paper, we propose a unified framework, M3D, to model human dynamics in social networks from three perspectives: macro, meso, and micro. At the micro-level, we seek to capture the way in which an individual user decides whether to perform an action. At the meso-level, we study how group behavior develops and evolves over time, based on individual actions. At the macro-level, we try to understand how network distributions such as power-law (or heavy-tailed phenomena) can be explained by group behavior. We provide theoretical analysis for the proposed framework, and discuss the connection of our framework with existing work. The framework offers a new, flexible way to e...

  13. Individualizing Electrical Circuits of Cryptographic Devices as a Means to Hinder Tampering Attacks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    Individualizing Electrical Circuits of Cryptographic Devices as a Means to Hinder Tampering Attacks the Wheatstone bridge measurement setup. Here we propose to in- dividualize the electrical circuit of devices with individualized electrical circuit are individualized while providing the same functionality

  14. Designing PV Incentive Programs to Promote System Performance: A Review of Current Practice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barbose, Galen; Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark

    2006-01-01

    Install Quality Photovoltaic Systems. ESource Technicalof 900 Individual Photovoltaic Systems in Sacramento. ”in Grid-Connected Photovoltaic Systems. Prepared for the

  15. Impact of individual, environmental, and policy level factors on healthcare utilization among United States farmworkers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoerster, Katherine D.

    2010-01-01

    of Individual, Environmental, and Policy Level Factors onof Individual, Environmental, and Policy Level Factors onindividual, environmental, and policy level correlates of

  16. Robust Dynamical Decoupling Sequences for Individual Nuclear Spin Addressing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Casanova; J. F. Haase; Z. -Y. Wang; M. B. Plenio

    2015-06-11

    We propose the use of non-equally spaced decoupling pulses for high-resolution selective addressing of nuclear spins by a quantum sensor. The analytical model of the basic operating principle is supplemented by detailed numerical studies that demonstrate the high degree of selectivity and the robustness against static and dynamic control field errors of this scheme. We exemplify our protocol with an NV center-based sensor to demonstrate that it enables the identification of individual nuclear spins that form part of a large spin ensemble.

  17. Robust Dynamical Decoupling Sequences for Individual Nuclear Spin Addressing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Casanova; Z. -Y. Wang; J. F. Haase; M. B. Plenio

    2015-10-10

    We propose the use of non-equally spaced decoupling pulses for high-resolution selective addressing of nuclear spins by a quantum sensor. The analytical model of the basic operating principle is supplemented by detailed numerical studies that demonstrate the high degree of selectivity and the robustness against static and dynamic control field errors of this scheme. We exemplify our protocol with an NV center-based sensor to demonstrate that it enables the identification of individual nuclear spins that form part of a large spin ensemble.

  18. Mechanics of Individual, Isolated Vortices in a Cuprate Superconductor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Auslaender, M.

    2010-05-25

    Superconductors often contain quantized microscopic whirlpools of electrons, called vortices, that can be modeled as one-dimensional elastic objects. Vortices are a diverse playground for condensed matter because of the interplay between thermal fluctuations, vortex-vortex interactions, and the interaction of the vortex core with the three-dimensional disorder landscape. While vortex matter has been studied extensively, the static and dynamic properties of an individual vortex have not. Here we employ magnetic force microscopy (MFM) to image and manipulate individual vortices in detwinned, single crystal YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 6.991} (YBCO), directly measuring the interaction of a moving vortex with the local disorder potential. We find an unexpected and dramatic enhancement of the response of a vortex to pulling when we wiggle it transversely. In addition, we find enhanced vortex pinning anisotropy that suggests clustering of oxygen vacancies in our sample and demonstrates the power of MFM to probe vortex structure and microscopic defects that cause pinning.

  19. Individual User Behavior Leading Factor in Comfort Control 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zeiler, W.; Boxem, G.; Van Houten, M. A.; Wortel, W.; Van Der Velden, J. A. J.; Kamphuis, R.; Hommelberg, M.; Broekhuizen, H.

    2008-01-01

    for the utilization of existing external potential. This ICT architecture must be designed with in mind a specific system-wide optimal viewpoint, for example energy saving, but at the same hand look at the needs of local actors in the system. This demands a... multi-actor coordination, which optimizes global system strategies, in connection with the local interests. The ICT-infrastructure needed to fulfill these requirements must be flexible, open and extensible and take into account stakes on the global...

  20. Synoptic and mesoscale controls on the isotopic composition of individual storms systems striking the western US

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, KR; Berkelhammer, M; Stott, L; Kei, Y

    2012-01-01

    011-1262-3 Synoptic and mesoscale controls on the isotopicet al. : Synoptic and mesoscale controls on the isotopicrecord of syn- optic and mesoscale atmospheric processes. In

  1. Synoptic and mesoscale controls on the isotopic composition of individual storms systems striking the western US

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, KR; Berkelhammer, M; Stott, L; Kei, Y

    2012-01-01

    1989) working in the Yucca Mountain region of Nevada andground water in the Yucca Mountain region, southern Nevada:

  2. Individual, Collective, and Systems Rationality in Work Groups: Dilemmas and Solutions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Petersen, Trond

    1994-01-01

    Sand Casting Permanent-mold, gravity Permanent-mold, centrifug. Die Casting Other Methods Jobbing Foundry (

  3. Design of a system to measure light scattering from individual cells excited by an acoustic wave

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bigio, Irving J.

    , and the detected frequencies are consistent with theoretical predictions. © 2008 Optical Society of America OCIS. Micheletto, and Y. Kawakami, "Acoustical nanometre-scale vibrations of live cells detected by a near ultrashort electric pulsing," Proc. 3rd Int'l. Workshop on Biological Effect of EMFs, 56-65 (2004). 14. D. B

  4. Method and systems for power control of internal combustion engines using individual cycle cut-off

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fedorenko, Y.; Korzhov, M.; Filippov, A.; Atamanenko, N.

    1996-09-01

    A new method of controlling power has been developed for improving efficiency and emissions performance of internal combustion engines at partial load. The method involves cutting-off some of the work cycles, as the load decreases, to obtain required power. Theoretical and experimental material is presented to illustrate the underlying principle, the implementation means and the results for the 4- and 8-cylinder piston engine and a twin rotor Wankel engine applications.

  5. Stuck in a Loop: Individual and System Barriers for Job Seekers with Disabilities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hall, Jean P.; Parker, K.

    2010-03-01

    for job seekers with disabilities. This population frequently experiences employment barriers beyond those of able-bodied job seekers, including significantly lower self-esteem. Service providers need and want information about disability but do not know...

  6. Obstacle penetrating dynamic radar imaging system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Romero, Carlos E. (Livermore, CA); Zumstein, James E. (Livermore, CA); Chang, John T. (Danville, CA); Leach, Jr.. Richard R. (Castro Valley, CA)

    2006-12-12

    An obstacle penetrating dynamic radar imaging system for the detection, tracking, and imaging of an individual, animal, or object comprising a multiplicity of low power ultra wideband radar units that produce a set of return radar signals from the individual, animal, or object, and a processing system for said set of return radar signals for detection, tracking, and imaging of the individual, animal, or object. The system provides a radar video system for detecting and tracking an individual, animal, or object by producing a set of return radar signals from the individual, animal, or object with a multiplicity of low power ultra wideband radar units, and processing said set of return radar signals for detecting and tracking of the individual, animal, or object.

  7. Impact of individual nuclear masses on r-process abundances

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Mumpower, M. R.; Surman, R.; Fang, D. -L.; Beard, M.; Möller, P.; Kawano, T.; Aprahamian, A.

    2015-09-15

    We have performed for the first time a comprehensive study of the sensitivity of r-process nucleosynthesis to individual nuclear masses across the chart of nuclides. Using the latest version (2012) of the Finite-Range Droplet Model, we consider mass variations of ±0.5 MeV and propagate each mass change to all affected quantities, including Q values, reaction rates, and branching ratios. We find such mass variations can result in up to an order of magnitude local change in the final abundance pattern produced in an r-process simulation. As a result, we identify key nuclei whose masses have a substantial impact on abundancemore »predictions for hot, cold, and neutron star merger r-process scenarios and could be measured at future radioactive beam facilities.« less

  8. Information processing systems, reasoning modules, and reasoning system design methods

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hohimer, Ryan E; Greitzer, Frank L; Hampton, Shawn D

    2014-03-04

    Information processing systems, reasoning modules, and reasoning system design methods are described. According to one aspect, an information processing system includes working memory comprising a semantic graph which comprises a plurality of abstractions, wherein the abstractions individually include an individual which is defined according to an ontology and a reasoning system comprising a plurality of reasoning modules which are configured to process different abstractions of the semantic graph, wherein a first of the reasoning modules is configured to process a plurality of abstractions which include individuals of a first classification type of the ontology and a second of the reasoning modules is configured to process a plurality of abstractions which include individuals of a second classification type of the ontology, wherein the first and second classification types are different.

  9. Portable compton gamma-ray detection system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Rowland, Mark S. (Alamo, CA); Oldaker, Mark E. (Pleasanton, CA)

    2008-03-04

    A Compton scattered gamma-ray detector system. The system comprises a gamma-ray spectrometer and an annular array of individual scintillators. The scintillators are positioned so that they are arrayed around the gamma-ray spectrometer. The annular array of individual scintillators includes a first scintillator. A radiation shield is positioned around the first scintillator. A multi-channel analyzer is operatively connected to the gamma-ray spectrometer and the annular array of individual scintillators.

  10. Infants' use of luminance information in object individuation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Woods, Rebecca Jindalee

    2004-09-30

    readily processed by the developing visual system. A second hypothesis, the information processing biases hypothesis, suggests that infants are biased to attend to form features because form features provide information that is relevant to reasoning about...

  11. Diameter dependent thermoelectric properties of individual SnTe nanowires

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Xu, E. Z.; Li, Z.; Martinez, J. A.; Sinitsyn, N.; Htoon, H.; Li, Nan; Swartzentruber, B.; Hollingsworth, J. A.; Wang, Jian; Zhang, S. X.

    2015-01-15

    The lead-free compound tin telluride (SnTe) has recently been suggested to be a potentially promising thermoelectric material because of its similar electronic band structure as the well-known lead telluride. Here we report on the first thermoelectric study of individual single crystalline SnTe nanowires (NWs) with different diameters ranging from ~200 to ~1000 nm. Measurements of thermopower S, electrical conductivity ?, and thermal conductivity ? were carried out on the same nanowires over a temperature range of 25 - 300 K. While ? does not show a strong diameter dependence, the thermopower increases by a factor of 2 when the nanowiremore »diameter is decreased from 1000 nm to 200 nm. The thermal conductivities of the measured NWs are only about half of that of the bulk SnTe, which may arise from the enhanced phonon-grain boundary and phonon-defect scatterings. Temperature dependent figure-of-merit ZT was determined and the maximum value at room temperature is ~3 times higher than what was obtained in bulk samples of comparable carrier density.« less

  12. The Prevalence and Incremental Costs of Healthcare Associated Infections for Individuals Admitted for Potentially Preventable Hospitalization 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lorden, Andrea L

    2014-07-28

    Since there is a limited literature base concerning individuals admitted with a potentially preventable hospitalization (PPH) who acquired a healthcare associated infection (HAI), this research identified the prevalence and costs of individuals...

  13. Wage earnings of Chinese in the United States: individual and contextual determinants 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qin, Bibin

    2006-04-12

    The objective of this dissertation is to identify both individual and contextual characteristics that may affect the wage earnings of Chinese in the U.S. labor market. The major individual characteristics include education, labor experience...

  14. THE MEDIA’S PLACE IN RELIGIOUS INDIVIDUALISM: A CASE STUDY OF LAKEWOOD CHURCH 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Calderon, Patricia A.

    2010-01-16

    belief in a God who is also directly involved in the lives of individuals. Religious individualism is acted out in four observable characteristics which include: displaying emotion to seek attention, taking personal responsibility for one?s spiritual...

  15. Pulses of marine subsidies amplify reproductive potential of lizards by increasing individual growth rate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ishida, Yuko

    EV-1 Pulses of marine subsidies amplify reproductive potential of lizards by increasing individual into the relationship between individual traits and population responses. Here we investigated how pulsed marine

  16. Thermoelectric and structural characterizations of individual electrodeposited bismuth telluride nanowires

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shi, Li

    conductivity as well as experimental verification of theoretical predictions of power factor enhancement and the supporting Pt electrodes. By fitting the measured Seebeck coefficient with a two-band model, the NW samples in quantum wires. Such stringent diameter requirement can be relaxed in other NW systems with longer bulk

  17. REAL-TIME NONLINEAR INDIVIDUAL CYLINDER AIR FUEL RATIO OBSERVER ON

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    an estimator of the individual cylinder air fuel ratios in a turbocharged Diesel Engine using as only sensor

  18. Cooperation = activity that provides a benefit to other individuals and to the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dever, Jennifer A.

    the individual instigating the action pays a fitness cost and the individual on the receiving end benefits. Ø leave fewer offspring per capita than others Kin Selection · An individual (donor) performs an action of relatedness · B = benefit of recipient · C = cost to the actor #12;2 kin selection operates only if

  19. Mobile machine hazardous working zone warning system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Schiffbauer, William H. (Connellsville, PA); Ganoe, Carl W. (Pittsburgh, PA)

    1999-01-01

    A warning system is provided for a mobile working machine to alert an individual of a potentially dangerous condition in the event the individual strays into a hazardous working zone of the machine. The warning system includes a transmitter mounted on the machine and operable to generate a uniform magnetic field projecting beyond an outer periphery of the machine in defining a hazardous working zone around the machine during operation thereof. A receiver, carried by the individual and activated by the magnetic field, provides an alarm signal to alert the individual when he enters the hazardous working zone of the machine.

  20. Mobile machine hazardous working zone warning system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Schiffbauer, W.H.; Ganoe, C.W.

    1999-08-17

    A warning system is provided for a mobile working machine to alert an individual of a potentially dangerous condition in the event the individual strays into a hazardous working zone of the machine. The warning system includes a transmitter mounted on the machine and operable to generate a uniform magnetic field projecting beyond an outer periphery of the machine in defining a hazardous working zone around the machine during operation. A receiver, carried by the individual and activated by the magnetic field, provides an alarm signal to alert the individual when he enters the hazardous working zone of the machine. 3 figs.

  1. System design document U-AVLIS control system architecture

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Viebeck, P.G.

    1994-02-16

    This document describes the architecture of the integrated control system for the U-AVLIS process. It includes an overview of the major control system components and their interfaces to one another. Separate documents are utilized to fully describe each component mentioned herein. The purpose of this document is to introduce the reader to the integrated U-AVLIS control system. It describes the philosophy of the control system architecture and how all of the control system components are integrated. While the other System Design Documents describe in detail the design of individual control system components, this document puts those components into their correct context within the entire integrated control system.

  2. Coupling of individual quantum emitters to channel plasmons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bermúdez-Ureña, Esteban; Geiselmann, Michael; Marty, Renaud; Radko, Ilya P; Holmgaard, Tobias; Alaverdyan, Yury; Moreno, Esteban; García-Vidal, Francisco J; Bozhevolnyi, Sergey I; Quidant, Romain

    2015-01-01

    Efficient light-matter interaction lies at the heart of many emerging technologies that seek on-chip integration of solid-state photonic systems. Plasmonic waveguides, which guide the radiation in the form of strongly confined surface plasmon-polariton modes, represent a promising solution to manipulate single photons in coplanar architectures with unprecedented small footprints. Here we demonstrate coupling of the emission from a single quantum emitter to the channel plasmon polaritons supported by a V-groove plasmonic waveguide. Extensive theoretical simulations enable us to determine the position and orientation of the quantum emitter for optimum coupling. Concomitantly with these predictions, we demonstrate experimentally that 42% of a single nitrogen vacancy centre emission efficiently couples into the supported modes of the V-groove. This work paves the way towards practical realization of efficient and long distance transfer of energy for integrated solid-state quantum systems.

  3. The role of plants on isolation barrier systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Link, S.O.; Downs, J.L.; Waugh, W.J.

    1994-11-01

    Surface barriers are used to isolate buried wastes from the environment. Most have been built for short-term isolation. The need to isolate radioactive wastes from the environment requires that the functional integrity of a barrier be maintained for thousands of years. Barrier function strongly depends on vegetation. Plants reduce wind and water erosion and minimize drainage, but may transport contaminants if roots extend into buried wastes. Our review of the function of plants on surface barriers focuses on the role of plants across mesic to arid environments and gives special consideration to studies done at Hanford. The Hanford Barrier Development Program was created to design and test an earthen cover system to inhibit water infiltration, plant and animal intrusion, and wind and water erosion, while isolating buried wastes for at least 1000 years. Studies at the Hanford have shown that plants will significantly interact with the barrier. Plants transpire soil water back into the atmosphere. Deep-rooted perennials best recycle water; soil water may drain through the root zone of shallow-rooted annuals. Lysimeter studies indicate that a surface layer of fine soil with deep-rooted plants precludes drainage even with three times normal precipitation. The presence of vegetation greatly reduces water and wind erosion, but deep-rooted plants pose a threat of biointrusion and contaminant transport. The Hanford barrier includes a buried rock layer and asphalt layer to prevent biointrusion.

  4. Dynamic aspects of individual design activities. A cognitive ergonomics viewpoint

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Visser, Willemien

    2003-01-01

    This paper focuses on the use of knowledge possessed by designers. Data collection was based on observations (by the cognitive ergonomics researcher) and simultaneous verbalisations (by the designers) in empirical studies conducted in the context of industrial design projects. The contribution of this research is typical of cognitive ergonomics, in that it provides data on actual activities implemented by designers in their actual work situation (rather than on prescribed and/or idealised processes and methods). Data presented concern global strategies (the way in which designers actually organise their activity) and local strategies (reuse in design). Results from cognitive ergonomics and other research that challenges the way in which people are supposed to work with existing systems are generally not received warmly. Abundant corroboration of such results is required before industry may consider taking them into account. The opportunistic organisation of design activity is taken here as an example of this ...

  5. Seismic Performance Assessment and Probabilistic Repair Cost Analysis of Precast Concrete Cladding Systems for Multistory Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hunt, Jeffrey Patrick

    2010-01-01

    Lifts 1020 Escalators & Moving Walks D20 Plumbing 2010 Plumbing Fixtures 2020 Domestic Water Distribution 2040 Rain Water Drainage

  6. RECONSTRUCTION OF INDIVIDUAL DOSES DUE TO MEDICAL EXPOSURES FOR MEMBERS OF THE TECHA RIVER COHORT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shagina, N. B.; Golikov, V.; Degteva, M. O.; Vorobiova, M. I.; Anspaugh, L. R.; Napier, Bruce A.

    2012-11-01

    Purpose: To describe a methodology for reconstruction of doses due to medical exposures for members of the Techa River Cohort (TRC) who received diagnostic radiation at the clinic of the Urals Research Center for Radiation Medicine (URCRM) in 1952–2005. To calculate doses of medical exposure for the TRC members and compare with the doses that resulted from radioactive contamination of the Techa River. Material and Methods: Reconstruction of individual medical doses is based on data on x-ray diagnostic procedures available for each person examined at the URCRM clinics and values of absorbed dose in 12 organs per typical x-ray procedure calculated with the use of a mathematical phantom. Personal data on x-ray diagnostic examinations have been complied in the computerized “Registry of x-ray diagnostic procedures.” Sources of information are archival registry books from the URCRM x-ray room (available since 1956) and records on x-ray diagnostic procedures in patient-case histories (since 1952). The absorbed doses for 12 organs of interest have been evaluated per unit typical x-ray procedure with account taken of the x-ray examination parameters characteristic for the diagnostic machines used at the URCRM clinics. These parameters have been evaluated from published data on technical characteristics of the x-ray diagnostic machines used at the URCRM clinics in 1952–1988 and taken from the x-ray room for machines used at the URCRM in 1989–2005. Absorbed doses in the 12 organs per unit typical x-ray procedure have been calculated with use of a special computer code, EDEREX, developed at the Saint-Petersburg Research Institute of Radiation Hygiene after Professor P.V. Ramzaev. Individual accumulated doses of medical exposure have been calculated with a computer code, MEDS (Medical Exposure Dosimetry System), specifically developed at the URCRM. Results: At present, the “Registry of x-ray diagnostic procedures” contains information on individual x-ray examinations for over 9,500 persons including 6,415 TRC members. Statistical analysis of the Registry data showed that the more frequent types of examinations were fluoroscopy and radiography of the chest and fluoroscopy of the stomach and the esophagus. Average absorbed doses accumulated by year 2005 calculated for the 12 organs varied from 4 mGy for testes to 40 mGy for bone surfaces. Maximum individual medical doses could reach 500–650 mGy and in some cases exceeded doses from exposure at the Techa River. Conclusions: For the first time the doses of medical exposure were calculated and analyzed for members of the Techa River Cohort who received diagnostic radiation at the URCRM clinics. These results are being used in radiation-risk analysis to adjust for this source of confounding exposure in the TRC.

  7. The I-TRAC Curriculum: Individualized Training of Residents through Assessment and Clinical Competency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fredette, J.; Bounds, R.

    2015-01-01

    research. Impact: The I-TRAC curriculum replaces thestandardized block curriculum in which all residentsThis novel individualized curriculum responds to resident’s

  8. Predictive microfluidic control of regulatory ligand trajectories in individual pluripotent cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zandstra, Peter W.

    Predictive microfluidic control of regulatory ligand trajectories in individual pluripotent cells microfluidic perfusion culture demonstrated that STAT3 activation and consequently mESC fate were manipulable

  9. Geothermal Electricity Technology Evaluation Model (GETEM) Individual Case Files and Summary Spreadsheet (GETEM version Spring 2013)

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Hanson, Steven CJ

    This group of files-- 10 GETEM individual case files and 1 summary spreadsheet-- contain final data from the revisions between summer 2011 and spring 2013.

  10. Geothermal Electricity Technology Evaluation Model (GETEM) Individual Case Files and Summary Spreadsheet (GETEM version Spring 2013)

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Hanson, Steven CJ

    2013-03-07

    This group of files-- 10 GETEM individual case files and 1 summary spreadsheet-- contain final data from the revisions between summer 2011 and spring 2013.

  11. Individual Radiation Protection Monitoring in the Marshall Islands: Enewetak Island Resettlement Support (May-December 2001)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hamilton, T; Hickman, D; Conrado, C; Brown, T; Brunk, J; Marchetti, A; Cox, C; Martinelli, R; Kehl, S; Johannes, K; Henry, D; Bell, R T; Petersen, G

    2002-06-01

    The US Department of Energy (DOE) has recently implemented a series of strategic initiatives to address long-term radiological surveillance needs at former US test sites in the Marshall Islands. The plan is to engage local atoll communities in developing shared responsibilities for implementing radiation protection programs for resettled and resettling populations. Using pooled resources of the US Department of Energy and local atoll governments, individual radiation protection programs have been developed in whole-body counting and plutonium urinalysis to assess potential intakes of radionuclides from residual fallout contamination. The whole-body counting systems are operated and maintained by Marshallese technicians. Samples of urine are collected from resettlement workers and island residents under controlled conditions and analyzed for plutonium isotopes at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory using advanced accelerator based measurement technologies. This web site provides an overview of the methodologies, a full disclosure of the measurement data, and a yearly assessment of estimated radiation doses to resettlement workers and island residents.

  12. Technology reviews: Glazing systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schuman, J.; Rubinstein, F.; Papamichael, K.; Beltran, L.; Lee, E.S.; Selkowitz, S.

    1992-09-01

    We present a representative review of existing, emerging, and future technology options in each of five hardware and systems areas in envelope and lighting technologies: lighting systems, glazing systems, shading systems, daylighting optical systems, and dynamic curtain wall systems. The term technology is used here to describe any design choice for energy efficiency, ranging from individual components to more complex systems to general design strategies. The purpose of this task is to characterize the state of the art in envelope and lighting technologies in order to identify those with promise for advanced integrated systems, with an emphasis on California commercial buildings. For each technology category, the following activities have been attempted to the extent possible: Identify key performance characteristics and criteria for each technology; determine the performance range of available technologies; identify the most promising technologies and promising trends in technology advances; examine market forces and market trends; and develop a continuously growing in-house database to be used throughout the project. A variety of information sources have been used in these technology characterizations, including miscellaneous periodicals, manufacturer catalogs and cut sheets, other research documents, and data from previous computer simulations. We include these different sources in order to best show the type and variety of data available, however publication here does not imply our guarantee of these data. Within each category, several broad classes are identified, and within each class we examine the generic individual technologies that fag into that class.

  13. Computerized procedures system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lipner, Melvin H. (Monroeville, PA); Mundy, Roger A. (North Huntingdon, PA); Franusich, Michael D. (Upper St. Clair, PA)

    2010-10-12

    An online data driven computerized procedures system that guides an operator through a complex process facility's operating procedures. The system monitors plant data, processes the data and then, based upon this processing, presents the status of the current procedure step and/or substep to the operator. The system supports multiple users and a single procedure definition supports several interface formats that can be tailored to the individual user. Layered security controls access privileges and revisions are version controlled. The procedures run on a server that is platform independent of the user workstations that the server interfaces with and the user interface supports diverse procedural views.

  14. Dynamic viscoelastic behavior of individual Gram-negative bacterial cells Virginia Vadillo-Rodriguezabc

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dutcher, John

    parameters were used to generate a full description of the dynamic viscoelastic behavior of the cells overDynamic viscoelastic behavior of individual Gram-negative bacterial cells Virginia Vadillo) to measure the viscoelastic properties of individual Escherichia coli K12 cells under fully hydrated

  15. A New Way of Assessing Foraging Behaviour at the Individual Level Using Faeces Marking and Satellite

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laval, Université

    with food dyes to locate fresh signs of presence left by individuals equipped with GPS collars. Second methodological approach, using a case study of a large herbivore, and then provide recommendations and guidelines for its use. Sampling single snow tracks of individuals equipped with a GPS collar was a reliable way

  16. Field emission of individual carbon nanotube with in situ tip image and real work function

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Zhong L.

    Field emission of individual carbon nanotube with in situ tip image and real work function Zhi Xu August 2005; published online 10 October 2005 The field emission properties of individual multiwalled work functions at tips by the in situ transmission electron microscopy method. The field emission

  17. HARVARD FILM ARCHIVE MEMBERSHIP FORM Individual/Dual Membership $55/$100

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schrag, Daniel

    HARVARD FILM ARCHIVE MEMBERSHIP FORM Individual/Dual Membership $55/$100 Members receive $6 Members receive an individual admission pass for an entire year, a free one-year subscription to Film subscription to Film Comment magazine, subscription to the program calendar, and reserved tickets for special

  18. Food wasting by house mice: variation among individuals, families, and genetic lines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saltzman, Wendy

    Food wasting by house mice: variation among individuals, families, and genetic lines PawelC Kotejaa considerable amounts of pelleted food and leave it scattered in their cages. The proportion of food thus wasted (in relation to food eaten) varies remarkably among individuals, from 2% to 40%, but is highly

  19. Modeling Individual and Group Actions in Meetings: a Two-Layer HMM Framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wrigley, Stuart

    of eight group actions, using a pub- lic five-hour meeting corpus. Experiments and comparison with a singleModeling Individual and Group Actions in Meetings: a Two-Layer HMM Framework Dong Zhang, Daniel. The investigated patterns are in- herently group-based (defined by the individual activities of meeting

  20. LGBT Latino/a Individuals and Latino/a Same-Sex Couples

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gates, Gary; Kastanis, Angel

    2013-01-01

    possibility that some same-sex couples may not be counted inLatino/a Individuals and Latino/a Same-sex Couples Latino/aIndividuals in Same-sex Couples in the U.S. of Latino/a

  1. Biomass and Bioenergy 31 (2007) 646655 Estimating biomass of individual pine trees using airborne lidar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01

    Biomass and Bioenergy 31 (2007) 646­655 Estimating biomass of individual pine trees using airborne biomass and bio-energy feedstocks. The overall goal of this study was to develop a method for assessing aboveground biomass and component biomass for individual trees using airborne lidar data in forest settings

  2. Two-state Markov-chain Poisson nature of individual cellphone call statistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiang, Zhi-Qiang; Li, Ming-Xia; Zhou, Wei-Xing; Sornette, Didier

    2015-01-01

    Humans are heterogenous and the behaviors of individuals could be different from that at the population level. We conduct an in-depth study of the temporal patterns of cellphone conversation activities of 73'339 anonymous cellphone users with the same truncated Weibull distribution of inter-call durations. We find that the individual call events exhibit a pattern of bursts, in which high activity periods are alternated with low activity periods. Surprisingly, the number of events in high activity periods are found to conform to a power-law distribution at the population level, but follow an exponential distribution at the individual level, which is a hallmark of absence of memory in individual call activities. Such exponential distribution is also observed for the number of events in low activity periods. Together with the exponential distributions of inter-call durations within bursts and of the intervals between consecutive bursts, we demonstrate that the individual call activities are driven by two indepen...

  3. TECHNICAL SYSTEM ADMINISTRATION POLICY PAGE 2 of 2 Every system must have a designated system owner who is a full-time UNLV employee and is

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walker, Lawrence R.

    #12;TECHNICAL SYSTEM ADMINISTRATION POLICY PAGE 2 of 2 POLICY Every system must have a designated administrators must know who the system owner is and must ensure that the security and access requirements, or transmits. Technical Administrators - Individuals who manage the system as the system owner or on behalf

  4. Interdisciplinary Research Teams as Status Systems 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kruse, Ronald J; Anbar, Michael; Burns, Sarah E; Cohen, Bernard P

    2015-08-15

    Research teams may be studied as social systems organized along dimensions of status, such as rights to evaluate others and to allocate rewards. “Status consistency” is the degree to which salient statuses an individual possesses are at the same...

  5. inclined layered systems and have had success in numerical modeling and field measurements. Their results underscore the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    analysis." Proc., 5th Int. Can! on Acid Rock Drainage, Society for Mining, Metallurgy and Exploration, Lit, in press. Yang, M., and Yanful, E. K. (2001). "Water balance during evaporation and drainage in cover soils

  6. Reuse of Treated Internal or External Wastewaters in the Cooling Systems of Coal-Based Thermoelectric Power Plants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Radisav Vidic; David Dzombak; Ming-Kai Hsieh; Heng Li; Shih-Hsiang Chien; Yinghua Feng; Indranil Chowdhury; Jason Monnell

    2009-06-30

    This study evaluated the feasibility of using three impaired waters - secondary treated municipal wastewater, passively treated abandoned mine drainage (AMD), and effluent from ash sedimentation ponds at power plants - for use as makeup water in recirculating cooling water systems at thermoelectric power plants. The evaluation included assessment of water availability based on proximity and relevant regulations as well as feasibility of managing cooling water quality with traditional chemical management schemes. Options for chemical treatment to prevent corrosion, scaling, and biofouling were identified through review of current practices, and were tested at bench and pilot-scale. Secondary treated wastewater is the most widely available impaired water that can serve as a reliable source of cooling water makeup. There are no federal regulations specifically related to impaired water reuse but a number of states have introduced regulations with primary focus on water aerosol 'drift' emitted from cooling towers, which has the potential to contain elevated concentrations of chemicals and microorganisms and may pose health risk to the public. It was determined that corrosion, scaling, and biofouling can be controlled adequately in cooling systems using secondary treated municipal wastewater at 4-6 cycles of concentration. The high concentration of dissolved solids in treated AMD rendered difficulties in scaling inhibition and requires more comprehensive pretreatment and scaling controls. Addition of appropriate chemicals can adequately control corrosion, scaling and biological growth in ash transport water, which typically has the best water quality among the three waters evaluated in this study. The high TDS in the blowdown from pilot-scale testing units with both passively treated mine drainage and secondary treated municipal wastewater and the high sulfate concentration in the mine drainage blowdown water were identified as the main challenges for blowdown disposal. Membrane treatment (nanofiltration or reverse osmosis) can be employed to reduce TDS and sulfate concentrations to acceptable levels for reuse of the blowdown in the cooling systems as makeup water.

  7. Discovering Statistical Models of Availability in Large Distributed Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kondo, Derrick

    1 Discovering Statistical Models of Availability in Large Distributed Systems: An Empirical Study. Invariably, these systems are composed of heterogeneous hosts whose individual availability often exhibit describe an effective method for discovering subsets of hosts whose availability have similar statistical

  8. Kalman Filtering for Real-Time Individual Cylinder Air Fuel Ratio Observer on a Diesel Engine Test Bench

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    propose an estimator of the individual cylinder air fuel ratios in a turbocharged Diesel Engine using

  9. Automated fuel pin loading system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Christiansen, David W. (Kennewick, WA); Brown, William F. (West Richland, WA); Steffen, Jim M. (Richland, WA)

    1985-01-01

    An automated loading system for nuclear reactor fuel elements utilizes a gravity feed conveyor which permits individual fuel pins to roll along a constrained path perpendicular to their respective lengths. The individual lengths of fuel cladding are directed onto movable transports, where they are aligned coaxially with the axes of associated handling equipment at appropriate production stations. Each fuel pin can be reciprocated axially and/or rotated about its axis as required during handling steps. The fuel pins are inserted as a batch prior to welding of end caps by one of two disclosed welding systems.

  10. Multi-Strain Virus-Host Dynamics from HIV to Phage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weinberger, Ariel

    2011-01-01

    sampled from the acid mine drainage solution – air interfaceI- plasma in an acid mine drainage (AMD) biofilm reveal thatloci and viruses in an acid mine drainage system across the

  11. Anti-clogging filter system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Brown, Erik P.

    2015-05-19

    An anti-clogging filter system for filtering a fluid containing large particles and small particles includes an enclosure with at least one individual elongated tubular filter element in the enclosure. The individual elongated tubular filter element has an internal passage, a closed end, an open end, and a filtering material in or on the individual elongated tubular filter element. The fluid travels through the open end of the elongated tubular element and through the internal passage and through the filtering material. An anti-clogging element is positioned on or adjacent the individual elongated tubular filter element and provides a fluid curtain that preferentially directs the larger particulates to one area of the filter material allowing the remainder of the filter material to remain more efficient.

  12. Mobility of Tritium in Engineered and Earth Materials at the NuMI Facility, Fermilab: Progress report for work performed between June 13 and September 30, 2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01

    Drainage System The water and tritium observed at the sump (sump holding tank is affected by the tritium transport mechanisms from the tritium source zones to the drainage

  13. Proceedings of the TOUGH Symposium 2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moridis, George J.

    2010-01-01

    water pumped from the sump of the drainage system, and beamof the drainage water (pumped from the tunnel sump) in the

  14. Individuals Agricultural

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hall, Sharon J.

    , with the highest density in the first year, and no obvious differences between the second and the third year. We in the first year, and the lowest in the third year Though taxa diversity was lower in the third year Yards Mesic Yards Year Yea r 321 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 Agricultural Desert Parks Desert Remnants

  15. Capturing specific abilities as a window into human individuality: The example of face recognition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilmer, Jeremy B.

    Proper characterization of each individual's unique pattern of strengths and weaknesses requires good measures of diverse abilities. Here, we advocate combining our growing understanding of neural and cognitive mechanisms ...

  16. Shaking things up: young infants' use of sound information for object individuation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Tracy Rebecca

    2009-05-15

    Object individuation, the capacity to determine whether two perceptual encounters belong to the same object or two different objects, is one of the most basic cognitive abilities and provides a foundation for infants’ ...

  17. The interactive effects of individual learning style, computer software, and teacher involvement on developing typing skill 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goodman, Sarina Renae

    1995-01-01

    This research examines the effects and interactions of an individual's learning style, the type of computer software, and the level of teacher involvement on students learning how to type on a computer keyboard. The research ...

  18. Inquiry into the nature and causes of individual differences in economics 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brocklebank, Sean

    2012-06-26

    The thesis contains four chapters on the structure and predictability of individual differences Chapter 1. Re-analyses data from Holt and Laury's (2002) risk aversion experiments. Shows that big-stakes hypothetical ...

  19. Mental Models and the Acquisition of a Complex Skill across Individuals and Teams: A Multilevel Study 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Munoz Galvez, Gonzalo Javier

    2014-01-13

    , particularly in the context of teams where the construct of shared mental models has received ample attention. Whereas the training literature has established the validity of mental models for predicting individual and team performance using single...

  20. Exploring Food Insecurity among Individuals with Serious Mental Illness: A Qualitative Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goetz, Jeannine Renee

    2008-05-05

    Individuals with serious mental illness (SMI) are likely highly vulnerable to food insecurity, yet this issue remains unexplored within this population. METHODS: A mixed method approach to assess the prevalence and underlying factors was conducted...

  1. Automated MRI measures identify individuals with mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer's disease

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Desikan, Rahul S.

    Mild cognitive impairment can represent a transitional state between normal ageing and Alzheimer's disease. Non-invasive diagnostic methods are needed to identify mild cognitive impairment individuals for early therapeutic ...

  2. OPTIMAL CONTROLLED VARIABLE SELECTION FOR INDIVIDUAL PROCESS UNITS IN SELF OPTIMIZING CONTROL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Skogestad, Sigurd

    OPTIMAL CONTROLLED VARIABLE SELECTION FOR INDIVIDUAL PROCESS UNITS IN SELF OPTIMIZING CONTROL operation of pro- cess plants in the presence of disturbances, optimal control structure selection trays. I. INTRODUCTION Operating process plants close to the optimal even in the presence

  3. Interaction of Participant Characteristics and Type of AAC with Individuals with ASD: A Meta-Analysis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ganz, Jennifer B.; Mason, Rose A.; Goodwyn, Fara D.; Boles, Margot B.; Heath, Amy K.; Davis, John L.

    2014-01-01

    Individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and complex communication needs often rely on augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) as a means of functional communication. This meta-analysis investigated how ...

  4. Relationship among religious coping, psychosocial factors, and quality of life in individuals with type 2 diabetes 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lager, Julia M.

    2009-06-02

    The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship among religious coping, acceptance of diabetes, social support, diabetes management, and quality of life among individuals with type 2 diabetes (T2DM). Religious coping, acceptance...

  5. Active optical zoom system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wick, David V.

    2005-12-20

    An active optical zoom system changes the magnification (or effective focal length) of an optical imaging system by utilizing two or more active optics in a conventional optical system. The system can create relatively large changes in system magnification with very small changes in the focal lengths of individual active elements by leveraging the optical power of the conventional optical elements (e.g., passive lenses and mirrors) surrounding the active optics. The active optics serve primarily as variable focal-length lenses or mirrors, although adding other aberrations enables increased utility. The active optics can either be LC SLMs, used in a transmissive optical zoom system, or DMs, used in a reflective optical zoom system. By appropriately designing the optical system, the variable focal-length lenses or mirrors can provide the flexibility necessary to change the overall system focal length (i.e., effective focal length), and therefore magnification, that is normally accomplished with mechanical motion in conventional zoom lenses. The active optics can provide additional flexibility by allowing magnification to occur anywhere within the FOV of the system, not just on-axis as in a conventional system.

  6. Individuality, Social Behavior, and Reproductive Success in Yellow-Bellied Marmots

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Armitage, Kenneth

    1986-10-01

    output. Social behavior (Armitage 1977) and individuality This content downloaded from 129.237.46.100 on Thu, 28 Aug 2014 16:51:14 PM All use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions October 1986 INDIVIDUALITY, SOCIALITY, AND FITNESS 1187 (Svendsen... one-third of the young, and aggressive females produced slightly more than one-half of the young (Svendsen 1974). However, the number of potentially breeding females did not differ among the three groups. The wide difference in reproductive output...

  7. The effects of disaster on the mental health of individuals with disabilities 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stough, Laura

    2009-01-01

    , that aff ects an individual increases their level of vulnera- bility to a disaster. Individuals with disabilities are at risk for many of these factors, potentially making them one of the groups most vulnera- ble to the economic and psychological eff... emergency manag- ers. Findings supported those found previously in that emergency managers were inadequately trained on the needs of people with disabilities during and following disaster . Th e study also included focus groups with 18 people with uncat...

  8. Individual Differences in Theory of Mind from Preschool to Adolescence: Achievements and Directions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hughes, Claire; Devine, Rory T.

    2015-06-04

    of mind by Dunn, Brown, Slomkowski, Tesla, and Youngblade (3), who argued that this variability might contribute to later individual differences in children’s social development. Since Dunn and colleagues’ work, methodological advances have driven... changes in our understanding of individual differences in theory of mind. Chief among these advances are the recruitment of larger and more diverse samples, and the construction of task batteries to produce continuous measures sensitive to variation...

  9. Disaster case management: Disaster case management and individuals with disabilities following Hurricane Katrina 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stough, Laura

    2011-01-01

    stream_source_info Disaster case management- Disaster case management and individuals with disabilities following Hurricane Katrina.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 9509 Content-Encoding UTF-8 stream_name Disaster... case management- Disaster case management and individuals with disabilities following Hurricane Katrina.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=UTF-8 BRAIN INJURY PROFESSIONAL18 This article, submitted for inclusion in an upcoming issue...

  10. R E S E A R C H L E T T E R Comparison of ve rep-PCR genomic ngerprinting methodsfor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mazumder, Asit

    (agricultural runoff, sanitary sewer overflows, leaky sewers, failing septic systems, storm sewer drainage

  11. Letter: Post-Cleanup Evaluation, Southeast Drainage.

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal Gas &SCE-SessionsSouth DakotaRobbins and MyersHr. Anthony V. Andolina:I 1 '\ LI g.3LTSI9

  12. Beijing Drainage Group | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar Energy LLC Jump to:Greece:Bajo en Carbono,BeWindInformation

  13. From individual development accounts to community asset building : an exploration in bridging people-and place-based strategies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rice, Solana

    2005-01-01

    Individual Development Accounts (IDAs) are matched saving accounts for low-income individuals to save for the purchase of an asset. As one of many national initiatives that encourage homeownership, this thesis explores how ...

  14. ARM: Fractional cloud cover, clear-sky and all-sky shortwave flux for each of 25 individual SGP facilities.

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Krista Gaustad; Laura Riihimaki

    1997-01-01

    Fractional cloud cover, clear-sky and all-sky shortwave flux for each of 25 individual SGP facilities.

  15. ARM: Fractional cloud cover, clear-sky and all-sky shortwave flux for each of 25 individual SGP facilities.

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Krista Gaustad; Laura Riihimaki

    Fractional cloud cover, clear-sky and all-sky shortwave flux for each of 25 individual SGP facilities.

  16. Individual-based approach to epidemic processes on arbitrary dynamic contact networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rocha, Luis E C

    2015-01-01

    The dynamics of contact networks and epidemics of infectious diseases often occur on comparable time scales. Ignoring one of these time scales may provide an incomplete understanding of the population dynamics of the infection process. We develop an individual-based approximation for the susceptible-infected-recovered epidemic model applicable to arbitrary dynamic networks. Our framework provides, at the individual-level, the probability flow over time associated with the infection dynamics. This computationally efficient framework discards the correlation between the states of different nodes, yet provides accurate results in approximating direct numerical simulations. It naturally captures the temporal heterogeneities and correlations of contact sequences, fundamental ingredients regulating the timing and size of an epidemic outbreak. Using real-life data, we show that the static network model overestimates the reproduction number but underestimates the infection potential of super-spreading individuals. Th...

  17. Workshop on Computer Science and Information Technologies CSIT'2002, Patras, Greece, 2002 Intelligent Educational Systems for Individualized Learning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Workshop on Computer Science and Information Technologies CSIT'2002, Patras, Greece, 2002 of Computer Engineering & Informatics University of Patras Patras, Greece & Computer Technology Institute Patras, Greece prentzas@ceid.upatras.gr, ihatz@cti.gr, ihatz@ceid.upatras.gr Abstract In this paper, we

  18. Library System Library System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cinabro, David

    Library System #12;Library System 5150 Anthony Wayne Drive David Adamany Undergraduate Library that for the current fiscal year, we've been given an additional $600,000 for our library materials budget. We're very subscriptions. The Wayne State University Libraries are deeply committed to providing our faculty and students

  19. Gaze-Fixation, Brain Activation, and Amygdala Volume in Unaffected Siblings of Individuals with Autism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin at Madison, University of

    with Autism Kim M. Dalton, Brendon M. Nacewicz, Andrew L. Alexander, and Richard J. Davidson Background: The broad autism phenotype includes subclinical autistic characteristics found to have a higher prevalence in unaffected family members of individuals with autism. These characteristics primarily affect the social

  20. Individualized Service Provision in the New Welfare State: Lessons from Special Education in Finland

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saxenian, AnnaLee

    discussion on skill development in "active" labor market policies for different groups at risk of exclusion or capacitating services, tailored to particular needs, to equip individuals and families to mitigate risks against which they cannot be reliably insured. The shift away from insurance and towards skill-based risk

  1. Spatial Selective Auditory Attention in the Presence of Reverberant Energy: Individual Differences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shinn-Cunningham, Barbara

    both to perceptually segregate a source of interest from competing sources (forming a distinctSpatial Selective Auditory Attention in the Presence of Reverberant Energy: Individual Differences to a desired target by directing attention to known target source features, such as location or pitch

  2. Thesis Guide IMJR Guidelines Individualized & Interdisciplinary Studies Program (www.iisp.uconn.edu)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    Thesis Guide IMJR Guidelines Individualized & Interdisciplinary Studies Program (www.iisp.uconn.edu) Thesis Guide The Thesis The thesis offers you the opportunity to pursue an in-depth project of your choosing. Thesis projects may take a variety of forms. The thesis project is most often a lengthy written

  3. Using Regression Equations Built From Summary Data in the Neuropsychological Assessment of the Individual Case

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crawford, John R.

    Using Regression Equations Built From Summary Data in the Neuropsychological Assessment of the Individual Case John R. Crawford University of Aberdeen Paul H. Garthwaite The Open University Regression that there is a large reservoir of published data that could be used to build regression equations; these equations

  4. A NEURAL NETWORK UNDERLYING INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES IN EMOTION AND AGGRESSION IN MALE GOLDEN HAMSTERS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delville, Yvon

    A NEURAL NETWORK UNDERLYING INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES IN EMOTION AND AGGRESSION IN MALE GOLDEN, Austin, TX 78712, USA Abstract--In rodents, aggressive behavior can be altered by experimental a common neural network. Male golden hamsters were first screened for offensive aggression. Then

  5. Adaptation and Validation of an Agent Model of Functional State and Performance for Individuals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Treur, Jan

    functional state model to the individual and validation of the resulting model. First, human experiments have mostly qualitative theories from Psychology, but was not validated yet using human experiments been performed by taking a number of steps. First of all, an experiment with 31 human subjects has been

  6. Industrial Engineering programs1 teach individuals to apply mathematical and scientific principles to the design, improvement,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    Industrial Engineering programs1 teach individuals to apply mathematical and scientific principles, and energy. Industrial engineering focuses on people, and the economics and human factors of the production. Industrial engineers plan and prepare production schedules and make sure they stay within budgetary

  7. Distributed Intelligence: Extending the Power of the Unaided, Individual Human Mind

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fischer, Gerhard

    Distributed Intelligence: Extending the Power of the Unaided, Individual Human Mind Gerhard Fischer than replacing them [Fischer & Nakakoji, 1992; Terveen, 1995]; Exploiting the power of the human of the human race is one of increasing intellectual capability. Since the time of our early ancestors, our

  8. Cortical Projection Topography of the Human Splenium: Hemispheric Asymmetry and Individual Differences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gazzaniga, Michael

    Cortical Projection Topography of the Human Splenium: Hemispheric Asymmetry and Individual topography of the human splenium. Homotopic and heterotopic connections were revealed between the splenium difficult to trace the cortical projection topographies of long white matter fiber tracts of the human brain

  9. The Impact of Programming Paradigms on the Eciency of an Individual-based

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kent, University of

    Virus. The model considers explicitly each individual plant and aphid, therefore it requires special Introduction The increased power and availability of computers in recent years has led to the development upon run times through the use of virtual memory. In the remainder of this paper we present an extended

  10. Land Rehabilitation programs1 teach individuals how to monitor, protect, and restore disturbed landscapes to natural

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    Land Rehabilitation programs1 teach individuals how to monitor, protect, and restore disturbed knowledge of land rehabilitation processes, are able to critically analyze and solve problems, and can work in teams to develop and implement effective land management strategies. Studies in Land Rehabilitation

  11. Examining Extreme Weather Effects on Birth Weight From the Individual Effect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Tonglin

    frequency and intensity of extreme weather events. However, most birth weight data are not available-county, and county-only mean birth weights. Data were based on a 20 % sample of White mothers aged 19 to 38 from's I; Spatial clusters; Weather. 1. INTRODUCTION Data for individual health outcomes are increasingly

  12. "Our flexible and diverse program options respond to individual student needs." carleton.ca/socanth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dawson, Jeff W.

    "Our flexible and diverse program options respond to individual student needs." carleton and social conditions in diverse contexts throughout the world. We offer three program options: coursework work with their area of research interest, while gaining real- world experience. #12;This document

  13. Fall Semester 2015 REGISTRATION and BILLING for Individual Music Lessons -MUSIC 281

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aalberts, Daniel P.

    Fall Semester 2015 REGISTRATION and BILLING for Individual Music Lessons - MUSIC 281 (Do not use): _____________/______________/______ CLASS YEAR: ____ CURRENT Last First MI MUSIC MAJOR ID NUMBER (7 DIGITS): W/__/__/__/__/__/__/__/ SU BOX: ________ PHONE: __________________ IT IS MY INTENTION TO SIGN UP FOR MUSIC 281 (10 FIFTY MINUTE LESSONS

  14. Music programs1 prepare students for a variety of careers in music and provide individualized curriculum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    Music programs1 prepare students for a variety of careers in music and provide individualized curriculum with a focus on quality instruction and practical experience in music education, performance, technology and composition. Music faculty members are active as performers, scholars and clinicians. Programs

  15. From Individuals to Ecosystem Function: Toward an Integration of Evolutionary and Ecosystem Ecology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Thomas E.

    From Individuals to Ecosystem Function: Toward an Integration of Evolutionary and Ecosystem Ecology in a trusted digital archive. We use information technology and tools to increase productivity and facilitate new forms of scholarship. For more information about JSTOR, please contact support

  16. Controlled manipulation of individual vortices in a superconductor E. W. J. Straver,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moler, Kathryn A.

    Controlled manipulation of individual vortices in a superconductor E. W. J. Straver,1 J. E. Hoffman semiconductor,7 while vortices adjacent to an elec- tron gas in a quantum-Hall state may allow the creation on a cantilever with a sharp magnetic tip, such that scanning the cantilever at a constant height z above

  17. Individual and competitive adsorption of phosphate and arsenate on goethite in artificial seawater

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Long, Bernard

    Individual and competitive adsorption of phosphate and arsenate on goethite in artificial seawater and arsenate adsorption on goethite was studied in single batch experiments at 25 jC upon the addition of Ca2 predicts the phosphate and arsenate adsorption behaviours in the PO4 ­SO4 ­goethite and AsO4 ­Ca­goethite

  18. CDIP: Collection-Driven, yet Individuality-Preserving Automated Blog Tagging Jong Wook Kim

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Candan, Selçuk

    CDIP: Collection-Driven, yet Individuality-Preserving Automated Blog Tagging Jong Wook Kim Comp With the success of blogs as popular information shar- ing media, searches on blogs have become popular. In the blogosphere, tagging is used as a means of annotating blog entries with contextually meaningful keywords

  19. Individual aggressiveness in the crab Chasmagnathus: Influence in fight outcome and modulation by serotonin and octopamine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Indiana University

    Individual aggressiveness in the crab Chasmagnathus: Influence in fight outcome and modulation form 8 June 2010 Accepted 21 July 2010 Keywords: Aggressiveness Fight Serotonin Octopamine Crab stable over successive encounters but no evidence of escalation was revealed through fights. Here, we

  20. Biomechanical assessment of the individual risk of rupture of cerebral aneurysms: a proof of concept

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nicoud, Franck

    Biomechanical assessment of the individual risk of rupture of cerebral aneurysms: a proof Augustin Fliche 34295 Montpellier Cedex 5 1 #12;Abstract This study is a step towards a new biomechanical variations may be used as the basis of a biomechanical index of rupture risk. Keywords: FSI, cerebral

  1. Individuality and Togetherness in Joint Improvised Yuval Hart1,2.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Individuality and Togetherness in Joint Improvised Motion Yuval Hart1,2. , Lior Noy1,2. , Rinat then build complex motion by using such smooth elementary strokes. Citation: Hart Y, Noy L, Feniger-Schaal R 24, 2013; Accepted December 24, 2013; Published February 12, 2014 Copyright: ß 2014 Hart et al

  2. vol. 164, no. 3 the american naturalist september 2004 From Individual Behavior to Metapopulation Dynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hanski, Ilkka

    vol. 164, no. 3 the american naturalist september 2004 From Individual Behavior to Metapopulation) inhabiting a highly fragmented landscape. We derive stochastic patch occupancy model (SPOM) approximations for the Glanville fritillary, we show that the SPOMs mimic the behavior of the IBMs well. The SPOMs derived from

  3. Beef feedlot cattle use individual feeding strategies to gain access to feed in a competitive environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farrell, Anthony P.

    i Beef feedlot cattle use individual feeding strategies to gain access to feed in a competitive August 2007 © Gosia Zobel, 2007 #12;ii ABSTRACT Cattle are social animals and frequently interact interest in the social behavior of cattle, no research has focused on assessing the relationship between

  4. Mitigation of Fatigue Loads Using Individual Pitch Control of Wind Turbines Based on FAST

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Zhe

    Mitigation of Fatigue Loads Using Individual Pitch Control of Wind Turbines Based on FAST Yunqian University, China jiz@seu.edu.cn Abstract-With the increase of wind turbine dimension and capacity, the wind turbine structures are subjected to prominent loads and fatigue which would reduce the lifetime of wind

  5. Author's personal copy Neighborhood uniformity increases growth of individual Eucalyptus trees

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Charles W.

    Author's personal copy Neighborhood uniformity increases growth of individual Eucalyptus trees modeled growth of 8800 focal clonal trees in a 9 ha operational, clonal plantation of Eucalyptus grandis x uniform, operational plantation of clonal Eucalyptus has substantial variance in tree sizes and growth

  6. Subscriber: Princeton University Library | Sign In as Individual | FAQ | Access Rights | Join AAAS 31 January 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Subscriber: Princeton University Library | Sign In as Individual | FAQ | Access Rights | Join AAAS of Energy make it public, we can all be sure that they are committed, and we are happy," says Bernd Kramer trap that ITER will make obsolete. Taking the tour. Subscriber: Princeton University Library | Sign

  7. INDIVIDUAL COVERAGE Medical Plan Options 2015 Monthly Cost -By Salary Tier

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dorf, Martin E.

    INDIVIDUAL COVERAGE Medical Plan Options 2015 Monthly Cost - By Salary Tier Less than $70,000 $70 to employees who live outside of Massachusetts Rates are based on your full-time equivalent salary. If you work part-time, your deduction will be based on your full- time equivalent salary. FAMILY COVERAGE Medical

  8. Visualization of individual DNA molecules in a small-scale coating flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Natelson, Douglas

    Visualization of individual DNA molecules in a small- scale coating flow Rajat Duggal and Matteo roll and a stationary glass knife. The roll picks up a thin layer of liquid from a pool and drags it to the knife, establishing a bead delineated by two menisci. At low roll speed the flow is premetered

  9. Deposition and atomic force microscopy of individual phthalocyanine polymers between nanofabricated electrodes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dekker, Cees

    Deposition and atomic force microscopy of individual phthalocyanine polymers between nanofabricated of cellulose using the Langmuir­Blodgett deposition technique. Atomic force microscopy was used to study- layer of an insulating molecule.6 We show that this method leads to a controlled deposition and strong

  10. Looking at Information Technology as an Individual, a Group, and as a Society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Golub, Evan

    Looking at Information Technology as an Individual, a Group, and as a Society Evan Golub with the Office of the Dean of Undergraduate Studies to create an "Applied Information Technology" citation Technology outside the Classroom #12;CMSC 102 Introduction to Information Technology · Focus: Information

  11. Individual Variation in Lipidomic Profiles of Healthy Subjects in Response to Omega-3 Fatty Acids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammock, Bruce D.

    Individual Variation in Lipidomic Profiles of Healthy Subjects in Response to Omega-3 Fatty Acids-variately in 12 healthy subjects pre vs. post six weeks of 3 fatty acids (1.9 g/d eicosapentaenoic acid [EPA significantly different pre vs. post treatment across all subjects (p=0.00007 and p=0.00002 respectively

  12. JMU SURPLUS BICYCLE PROGRAM WEB SITE JMU offers University departments and individual employees ("Customer") the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arnold, Elizabeth A.

    JMU SURPLUS BICYCLE PROGRAM WEB SITE JMU offers University departments and individual employees ("Customer") the opportunity to select and borrow a Surplus Property bicycle for up to one year the bicycle to others. The following procedures must be followed to qualify for this program. Since the costs

  13. Enforcement actions: Significant actions resolved individual actions. Semiannual progress report, January 1996--June 1996

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1996-08-01

    This document summarizes significant enforcement actions that have been resolved during the period of January-June 1996. The report includes copies of Orders and Notices of Violations sent by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission to individuals with respect to the enforcement actions.

  14. A New ERP Paradigm for Studying Individual Differences in the Executive Control of Attention

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knight, Robert T.

    A New ERP Paradigm for Studying Individual Differences in the Executive Control of Attention Administration Research Service, 150 Muir Road, Martinez, CA 94553, USA Abstract Event-related potentials (ERPs- tion and working memory. Most ERP studies employ cognitive para- digms with a fixed task-set (i

  15. Radiotelemetry reveals differences in individual movement patterns between outbreak and non-outbreak

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lorch, Patrick D.

    -outbreak Mormon cricket populations PATRICK D. LORCH1 , GREGORY A. SWORD2 , DARRYL T. GWYNNE3 and GERALD L migrations during outbreaks. 2. Flightless Mormon crickets (Anabrus simplex) were the focus of this study movement among individual Mormon crickets travelling in migratory bands. 5. These data suggest

  16. Biological Effects of Hutch Covers in Reducing Heat and Cold Stress in Individually Housed Dairy Calves 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haberman, Jade Ashlee

    2015-08-12

    Two studies were conducted to evaluate the biological effects of hutch covers in reducing heat and cold stress in individually housed dairy calves. The heat stress study was conducted on two farms, one in Arizona (AZ) and one in the Texas Panhandle...

  17. Transcriptomic analysis in the developing zebrafish embryo after compound exposure: Individual gene expression and pathway regulation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hermsen, Sanne A.B.; Pronk, Tessa E.; Brandhof, Evert-Jan van den; Ven, Leo T.M. van der; Piersma, Aldert H.

    2013-10-01

    The zebrafish embryotoxicity test is a promising alternative assay for developmental toxicity. Classically, morphological assessment of the embryos is applied to evaluate the effects of compound exposure. However, by applying differential gene expression analysis the sensitivity and predictability of the test may be increased. For defining gene expression signatures of developmental toxicity, we explored the possibility of using gene expression signatures of compound exposures based on commonly expressed individual genes as well as based on regulated gene pathways. Four developmental toxic compounds were tested in concentration-response design, caffeine, carbamazepine, retinoic acid and valproic acid, and two non-embryotoxic compounds, D-mannitol and saccharin, were included. With transcriptomic analyses we were able to identify commonly expressed genes, which were mostly development related, after exposure to the embryotoxicants. We also identified gene pathways regulated by the embryotoxicants, suggestive of their modes of action. Furthermore, whereas pathways may be regulated by all compounds, individual gene expression within these pathways can differ for each compound. Overall, the present study suggests that the use of individual gene expression signatures as well as pathway regulation may be useful starting points for defining gene biomarkers for predicting embryotoxicity. - Highlights: • The zebrafish embryotoxicity test in combination with transcriptomics was used. • We explored two approaches of defining gene biomarkers for developmental toxicity. • Four compounds in concentration-response design were tested. • We identified commonly expressed individual genes as well as regulated gene pathways. • Both approaches seem suitable starting points for defining gene biomarkers.

  18. Mechanical Engineering programs1 teach individuals how to apply mathematical and scientific principles to the design,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    ; energy systems; heat transfer; power plant engineering; pressure vessels and piping; and heating : Automotive Engineer Tool Designer Utilization Engineer Stress Analyst Solar-Energy-Systems Designer; energy conversion systems; instrumentation; and special machinery for the petroleum, rubber, and plastics

  19. Town of Kill Devil Hills- Wind Energy Systems Ordinance

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In October 2007, the town of Kill Devil Hills adopted an ordinance to regulate the use of wind-energy systems. The ordinance directs any individual or organization wishing to install a wind-energy...

  20. Event-triggered control for multi-agent systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johansson, Karl H.

    Event-driven strategies for multi-agent systems are motivated by the future use of embedded microprocessors with limited resources that will gather information and actuate the individual agent controller updates. The control ...

  1. Elevated levels of plasma Big endothelin-1 and its relation to hypertension and skin lesions in individuals exposed to arsenic

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hossain, Ekhtear; Islam, Khairul; Yeasmin, Fouzia [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Rajshahi University, Rajshahi-6205 (Bangladesh)] [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Rajshahi University, Rajshahi-6205 (Bangladesh); Karim, Md. Rezaul [Department of Applied Nutrition and Food Technology, Islamic University, Kushtia-7003 (Bangladesh)] [Department of Applied Nutrition and Food Technology, Islamic University, Kushtia-7003 (Bangladesh); Rahman, Mashiur; Agarwal, Smita; Hossain, Shakhawoat; Aziz, Abdul; Al Mamun, Abdullah; Sheikh, Afzal; Haque, Abedul; Hossain, M. Tofazzal [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Rajshahi University, Rajshahi-6205 (Bangladesh)] [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Rajshahi University, Rajshahi-6205 (Bangladesh); Hossain, Mostaque [Department of Medicine, Bangladesh Institute of Research and Rehabilitation in Diabetes, Endocrine and Metabolic Disorders (BIRDEM), Dhaka (Bangladesh)] [Department of Medicine, Bangladesh Institute of Research and Rehabilitation in Diabetes, Endocrine and Metabolic Disorders (BIRDEM), Dhaka (Bangladesh); Haris, Parvez I. [Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, De Montfort University, Leicester, LE1 9BH (United Kingdom)] [Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, De Montfort University, Leicester, LE1 9BH (United Kingdom); Ikemura, Noriaki; Inoue, Kiyoshi; Miyataka, Hideki; Himeno, Seiichiro [Laboratory of Molecular Nutrition and Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Tokushima Bunri University, Tokushima 770–8514 (Japan)] [Laboratory of Molecular Nutrition and Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Tokushima Bunri University, Tokushima 770–8514 (Japan); Hossain, Khaled, E-mail: khossain69@yahoo.com [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Rajshahi University, Rajshahi-6205 (Bangladesh)] [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Rajshahi University, Rajshahi-6205 (Bangladesh)

    2012-03-01

    Chronic arsenic (As) exposure affects the endothelial system causing several diseases. Big endothelin-1 (Big ET-1), the biological precursor of endothelin-1 (ET-1) is a more accurate indicator of the degree of activation of the endothelial system. Effect of As exposure on the plasma Big ET-1 levels and its physiological implications have not yet been documented. We evaluated plasma Big ET-1 levels and their relation to hypertension and skin lesions in As exposed individuals in Bangladesh. A total of 304 study subjects from the As-endemic and non-endemic areas in Bangladesh were recruited for this study. As concentrations in water, hair and nails were measured by Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectroscopy (ICP-MS). The plasma Big ET-1 levels were measured using a one-step sandwich enzyme immunoassay kit. Significant increase in Big ET-1 levels were observed with the increasing concentrations of As in drinking water, hair and nails. Further, before and after adjusting with different covariates, plasma Big ET-1 levels were found to be significantly associated with the water, hair and nail As concentrations of the study subjects. Big ET-1 levels were also higher in the higher exposure groups compared to the lowest (reference) group. Interestingly, we observed that Big ET-1 levels were significantly higher in the hypertensive and skin lesion groups compared to the normotensive and without skin lesion counterpart, respectively of the study subjects in As-endemic areas. Thus, this study demonstrated a novel dose–response relationship between As exposure and plasma Big ET-1 levels indicating the possible involvement of plasma Big ET-1 levels in As-induced hypertension and skin lesions. -- Highlights: ? Plasma Big ET-1 is an indicator of endothelial damage. ? Plasma Big ET-1 level increases dose-dependently in arsenic exposed individuals. ? Study subjects in arsenic-endemic areas with hypertension have elevated Big ET-1 levels. ? Study subjects with arsenic-induced skin lesions show elevated plasma Big ET-1 levels. ? Arsenic-induced hypertension and skin lesions may be linked to plasma Big ET-1 levels.

  2. Comparison of synchrotron x-ray microanalysis with electron and proton microscopy for individual particle analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Janssens, K.H.; van Langevelde, F.; Adams, F.C. (Universitaire Instelling Antwerpen, Antwerp (Belgium)); Vis, R.D. (Vrije Univ., Amsterdam (Netherlands)); Sutton, S.R.; Rivers, M.L. (Chicago Univ., IL (United States)); Jones, K.W. (Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States)); Bowen, D.K. (Warwick Univ., Coventry (United Kingdom))

    1991-01-01

    This paper is concerned with the evaluation of the use of synchrotron/radiation induced x-ray fluorescences ({mu}-SRXRF) as implemented at two existing X-ray microprobes for the analysis of individual particles. As representative environmental particulates, National Institutes of Science and Technology (NIST) K227, K309, K441 and K961 glass microspheres were analyzed using two types of X-ray micro probes: the white light microprobe at beamline X26A of the monochromatic (15 keV) X-ray microprobe at station 7.6 of the SRS. For reference, the particles were also analyzed with microanalytical techniques more commonly employed for individual particles analysis such as EPMA and micro-PIXE.

  3. Comparison of synchrotron x-ray microanalysis with electron and proton microscopy for individual particle analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Janssens, K.H.; van Langevelde, F.; Adams, F.C. [Universitaire Instelling Antwerpen, Antwerp (Belgium); Vis, R.D. [Vrije Univ., Amsterdam (Netherlands); Sutton, S.R.; Rivers, M.L. [Chicago Univ., IL (United States); Jones, K.W. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States); Bowen, D.K. [Warwick Univ., Coventry (United Kingdom)

    1991-12-31

    This paper is concerned with the evaluation of the use of synchrotron/radiation induced x-ray fluorescences ({mu}-SRXRF) as implemented at two existing X-ray microprobes for the analysis of individual particles. As representative environmental particulates, National Institutes of Science and Technology (NIST) K227, K309, K441 and K961 glass microspheres were analyzed using two types of X-ray micro probes: the white light microprobe at beamline X26A of the monochromatic (15 keV) X-ray microprobe at station 7.6 of the SRS. For reference, the particles were also analyzed with microanalytical techniques more commonly employed for individual particles analysis such as EPMA and micro-PIXE.

  4. Statistical Models for Solar Flare Interval Distribution in Individual Active Regions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yuki Kubo

    2008-02-01

    This article discusses statistical models for solar flare interval distribution in individual active regions. We analyzed solar flare data in 55 active regions that are listed in the GOES soft X-ray flare catalog. We discuss some problems with a conventional procedure to derive probability density functions from any data set and propose a new procedure, which uses the maximum likelihood method and Akaike Information Criterion (AIC) to objectively compare some competing probability density functions. We found that lognormal and inverse Gaussian models are more likely models than the exponential model for solar flare interval distribution in individual active regions. The results suggest that solar flares do not occur randomly in time; rather, solar flare intervals appear to be regulated by solar flare mechanisms. We briefly mention a probabilistic solar flare forecasting method as an application of a solar flare interval distribution analysis.

  5. Crystallography Without Crystals: Determining the Structure of Individual Biological Molecules and Nanoparticles

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Ourmazd, Abbas [University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA

    2010-01-08

    Ever shattered a valuable vase into 10 to the 6th power pieces and tried to reassemble it under a light providing a mean photon count of 10 minus 2 per detector pixel with shot noise? If you can do that, you can do single-molecule crystallography. This talk will outline how this can be done in principle. In more technical terms, the talk will describe how the combination of scattering physics and Bayesian algorithms can be used to reconstruct the 3-D diffracted intensity distribution from a collection of individual 2-D diffiraction patterns down to a mean photon count of 10 minus 2 per pixel, the signal level anticipated from the Linac Coherent Light Source, and hence determine the structure of individual macromolecules and nanoparticles.

  6. Nano-scale luminescence characterization of individual InGaN/GaN quantum wells stacked in a microcavity using scanning transmission electron microscope cathodoluminescence

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schmidt, Gordon Müller, Marcus; Veit, Peter; Bertram, Frank; Christen, Jürgen; Glauser, Marlene; Carlin, Jean-François; Cosendey, Gatien; Butté, Raphaël; Grandjean, Nicolas

    2014-07-21

    Using cathodoluminescence spectroscopy directly performed in a scanning transmission electron microscope at liquid helium temperatures, the optical and structural properties of a 62 InGaN/GaN multiple quantum well embedded in an AlInN/GaN based microcavity are investigated at the nanometer scale. We are able to spatially resolve a spectral redshift between the individual quantum wells towards the surface. Cathodoluminescence spectral linescans allow directly visualizing the critical layer thickness in the quantum well stack resulting in the onset of plastic relaxation of the strained InGaN/GaN system.

  7. Hydrologic System Response to Environmental Change: Three Case Studies in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russo, Tess Alethea

    2012-01-01

    These three studies elucidate: (1) infiltration and drainageValley study area Example effective infiltration valuesthe present study when calculating effective infiltration (

  8. Individual and Collective Behavior of Small Vibrating Motors Interacting Through a Resonant Plate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David Mertens; Richard Weaver

    2010-05-03

    We report on experiments of many small motors -- cell phone vibrators -- glued to and interacting through a resonant plate. We find that individual motors interacting with the plate demonstrate hysteresis in their steady-state frequency due to interactions with plate resonances. For multiple motors running simultaneously, the degree of synchronization between motors increases when the motors' frequencies are near a resonance of the plate, and the frequency at which the motors synchronize shows a history dependence.

  9. Supplementary Material:1 Mixing state of individual submicron carbon-containing particles3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    Supplementary Material:1 2 Mixing state of individual submicron carbon-containing particles3 during period.58 #12;59 60 Fig. S3. Fire maps from MODIS on board the Terra and Aqua satellites during61 2010/05/01-2010/05/10 (left), and 2010/11/07-2010/11/16 (right). The fire map62 accumulates the locations of the fires over

  10. The future of primary care : an engineering system approach to fix the U.S. health care system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chong, Stéphane

    2009-01-01

    The ailing U.S. health care system faces two tremendous challenges: a rising health care bill and a growing number of uninsured individuals. Several policies have been enacted to tackle these challenges but they are ...

  11. Beyond single particle mass spectrometry: multidimensional characterisation of individual aerosol particles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zelenyuk, Alla; Imre, D.

    2009-09-10

    The behavior of small aerosol particles depends on a number of their physical and chemical properties, many of which are strongly coupled. The size, internal composition, density, shape, morphology, hygroscopicity, index of refraction, activity as cloud condensation nuclei and ice nuclei, and other attributes of individual particles - all play a role in determining particle properties and their impacts. The traditional particle characterization approaches rely on separate parallel measurements that average over an ensemble of particles of different sizes and/or compositions and later attempt to draw correlations between them. As a result such studies overlook critical differences between particles and bulk and miss the fact that individual particles often exhibit major differences. Here we review the recently developed methods to simultaneously measure in-situ and in real time several of the attributes for individual particles using single particle mass spectrometer, SPLAT or its second generation SPLAT II. We also discuss novel approaches developed for classification, visualization and mining of large datasets produced by the multidimensional single particle characterization.

  12. 3D structural fluctuation of IgG1 antibody revealed by individual particle electron tomography

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Zhang, Xing [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Xi'an Jiaotong Univ., Xi'an, Shaanxi (China); Zhang, Lei [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Tong, Huimin [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Peng, Bo [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Rames, Matthew J. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Zhang, Shengli [Xi'an Jiaotong Univ., Xi'an, Shaanxi (China); Ren, Gang [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)

    2015-05-05

    Commonly used methods for determining protein structure, including X-ray crystallography and single-particle reconstruction, often provide a single and unique three-dimensional (3D) structure. However, in these methods, the protein dynamics and flexibility/fluctuation remain mostly unknown. Here, we utilized advances in electron tomography (ET) to study the antibody flexibility and fluctuation through structural determination of individual antibody particles rather than averaging multiple antibody particles together. Through individual-particle electron tomography (IPET) 3D reconstruction from negatively-stained ET images, we obtained 120 ab-initio 3D density maps at an intermediate resolution (~1–3 nm) from 120 individual IgG1 antibody particles. Using these maps as a constraint, we derived 120 conformations of the antibody via structural flexible docking of the crystal structure to these maps by targeted molecular dynamics simulations. Statistical analysis of the various conformations disclosed the antibody 3D conformational flexibility through the distribution of its domain distances and orientations. This blueprint approach, if extended to other flexible proteins, may serve as a useful methodology towards understanding protein dynamics and functions.

  13. 3D structural fluctuation of IgG1 antibody revealed by individual particle electron tomography

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Zhang, Xing; Zhang, Lei; Tong, Huimin; Peng, Bo; Rames, Matthew J.; Zhang, Shengli; Ren, Gang

    2015-05-05

    Commonly used methods for determining protein structure, including X-ray crystallography and single-particle reconstruction, often provide a single and unique three-dimensional (3D) structure. However, in these methods, the protein dynamics and flexibility/fluctuation remain mostly unknown. Here, we utilized advances in electron tomography (ET) to study the antibody flexibility and fluctuation through structural determination of individual antibody particles rather than averaging multiple antibody particles together. Through individual-particle electron tomography (IPET) 3D reconstruction from negatively-stained ET images, we obtained 120 ab-initio 3D density maps at an intermediate resolution (~1–3 nm) from 120 individual IgG1 antibody particles. Using these maps as a constraint, wemore »derived 120 conformations of the antibody via structural flexible docking of the crystal structure to these maps by targeted molecular dynamics simulations. Statistical analysis of the various conformations disclosed the antibody 3D conformational flexibility through the distribution of its domain distances and orientations. This blueprint approach, if extended to other flexible proteins, may serve as a useful methodology towards understanding protein dynamics and functions.« less

  14. What the hyena's laugh tells: Sex, age, dominance and individual signature in the giggling call of Crocuta crocuta

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mathevon, Nicolas; Koralek, Aaron; Weldele, Mary; Glickman, Stephen E; Theunissen, Frédéric E

    2010-01-01

    calculated from all gig- gle notes for each individual waspresent analysis showed that gig- gles encode individualitythe age information embedded in the gig- gle could be highly

  15. User Instructions for the CiderF Individual Dose Code and Associated Utility Codes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eslinger, Paul W.; Napier, Bruce A.

    2013-08-30

    Historical activities at facilities producing nuclear materials for weapons released radioactivity into the air and water. Past studies in the United States have evaluated the release, atmospheric transport and environmental accumulation of 131I from the nuclear facilities at Hanford in Washington State and the resulting dose to members of the public (Farris et al. 1994). A multi-year dose reconstruction effort (Mokrov et al. 2004) is also being conducted to produce representative dose estimates for members of the public living near Mayak, Russia, from atmospheric releases of 131I at the facilities of the Mayak Production Association. The approach to calculating individual doses to members of the public from historical releases of airborne 131I has the following general steps: • Construct estimates of releases 131I to the air from production facilities. • Model the transport of 131I in the air and subsequent deposition on the ground and vegetation. • Model the accumulation of 131I in soil, water and food products (environmental media). • Calculate the dose for an individual by matching the appropriate lifestyle and consumption data for the individual to the concentrations of 131I in environmental media at their residence location. A number of computer codes were developed to facilitate the study of airborne 131I emissions at Hanford. The RATCHET code modeled movement of 131I in the atmosphere (Ramsdell Jr. et al. 1994). The DECARTES code modeled accumulation of 131I in environmental media (Miley et al. 1994). The CIDER computer code estimated annual doses to individuals (Eslinger et al. 1994) using the equations and parameters specific to Hanford (Snyder et al. 1994). Several of the computer codes developed to model 131I releases from Hanford are general enough to be used for other facilities. This document provides user instructions for computer codes calculating doses to members of the public from atmospheric 131I that have two major differences from the Hanford modeling sequence. First, the air transport code HYSPLIT (Draxler et al. 2012) is used instead of the RATCHET code. Second, the new individual dose code CiderF replaces the older CIDER code and five auxiliary codes.

  16. 03.302 Other System Administration Employees. System Administration employees are prohibited from approving, recommending, or otherwise acting with

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    03.302 Other System Administration Employees. System Administration employees are prohibited from prescribed in System Administration Policy 03.304. This provision also includes individuals hired as private the employee under an administrative supervisor who is related within a prohibited degree, all subsequent

  17. Quartz resonator processing system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Peters, Roswell D. M. (Rustburg, VA)

    1983-01-01

    Disclosed is a single chamber ultra-high vacuum processing system for the oduction of hermetically sealed quartz resonators wherein electrode metallization and sealing are carried out along with cleaning and bake-out without any air exposure between the processing steps. The system includes a common vacuum chamber in which is located a rotatable wheel-like member which is adapted to move a plurality of individual component sets of a flat pack resonator unit past discretely located processing stations in said chamber whereupon electrode deposition takes place followed by the placement of ceramic covers over a frame containing a resonator element and then to a sealing stage where a pair of hydraulic rams including heating elements effect a metallized bonding of the covers to the frame.

  18. Pre-swing deficits in forward propulsion, swing initiation and power generation by individual muscles during hemiparetic walking

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pre-swing deficits in forward propulsion, swing initiation and power generation by individual to quantify individual muscle contributions to forward propulsion, swing initiation and power generation.e., power delivered to the swing leg) and power generation (i.e., production or absorption of mechanical

  19. Assessment of Individual Risk of Death Using Self-report Data: an Artificial Neural Network Compared to a Frailty Index

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mitnitski, Arnold B.

    1 Assessment of Individual Risk of Death Using Self-report Data: an Artificial Neural Network,4 and Kenneth Rockwood, MD1,4 1 Geriatric Medicine Research Unit, Queen Elizabeth II Health Sciences Centre rate over 10 simulations in predicting the probability of individual survival was 79.2 ± 0

  20. Individual Radiation Protection Monitoring in the Marshall Islands. Utrok Atoll (2010-2012)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hamilton, T. F.; Kehl, S. R.; Martinelli, R. E.; Hickman, R. E.; Hickman, D. P.; Tumey, S. J.; Brown, T. A.; Langston, R. G.; Tamblin, M. W.; Tibon, S.; Chee, L.; Aisek, Jr., A.; DeDrum, Z.; Mettao, M.; Henson, J.

    2014-12-15

    As a hard copy supplement to the Marshall Islands Program website (https://marshallislands.llnl.gov), this document provides an overview of the individual radiological surveillance monitoring program established in support of residents of Utr?k Atoll and nonresident citizens of the Utr?k Atoll population group, along with full disclosure of verified measurement data (2010-2012). The Utr?k Atoll Whole Body Counting Facility has been temporarily stationed on Majuro Atoll and, in cooperation with the Utr?k Atoll Local Government, serves as a national radiological facility open to the general public.

  1. Patterns of autism spectrum symptomatology in individuals with Down syndrome without comorbid autism spectrum disorder

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Channell, Marie Moore; Phillips, B. Allyson; Loveall, Susan J.; Conners, Frances A.; Bussanich, Paige M.; Klinger, Laura Grofer

    2014-04-07

    BioMed Centr Commons Attribution License (http://creativec reproduction in any medium, provided the or Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.or unless otherwise stated.Open Access m symptomatology in drome without disorder all1,4, Frances A Conners.... Behavioral phenotype of individuals with Down syndrome. Ment Retard Dev Disabil Res Rev. 2000;6:84–95. 5. Klinger LG, Dawson G, Burner K, Crisler M. Autism spectrum disorder. In: Mash EJ, Barkley RA, editors. Child psychopathology. 3rd ed. New York: Guilford...

  2. Individual grain boundary properties and overall performance of metal-organic-deposition coated conductors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weigand, Marcus; Speller, Susannah; Hughes, Gareth; Rutter, Noel Anthony; Lozano-Perez, Sergio; Grovenor, Chris; Durrell, John H.

    2010-04-13

    . Berghuis, and J. E. Evetts, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 3855 (1998). 18 J. H. Durrell, M. J. Hogg, F. Kahlmann, Z. H. Barber, M. G. Blamire, and J. E. Evetts, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 247006 (2003). 19 D. M. Feldmann, T. G. Holesinger, R. Feenstra, C. Can- toni, W... -co n] 1 3 A pr 20 10 Individual grain boundary properties and overall performance of metal-organic-deposition coated conductors M. Weigand,1 S. C. Speller,2 G. M. Hughes,2 N. A. Rutter,1 S. Lozano-Perez,2 C. R. M. Grovenor,2 and J. H. Durrell1, ? 1...

  3. Face recognition system and method using face pattern words and face pattern bytes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Zheng, Yufeng

    2014-12-23

    The present invention provides a novel system and method for identifying individuals and for face recognition utilizing facial features for face identification. The system and method of the invention comprise creating facial features or face patterns called face pattern words and face pattern bytes for face identification. The invention also provides for pattern recognitions for identification other than face recognition. The invention further provides a means for identifying individuals based on visible and/or thermal images of those individuals by utilizing computer software implemented by instructions on a computer or computer system and a computer readable medium containing instructions on a computer system for face recognition and identification.

  4. Raman Spectroscopy of DNA Packaging in Individual Human Sperm Cells distinguishes Normal from Abnormal Cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huser, T; Orme, C; Hollars, C; Corzett, M; Balhorn, R

    2009-03-09

    Healthy human males produce sperm cells of which about 25-40% have abnormal head shapes. Increases in the percentage of sperm exhibiting aberrant sperm head morphologies have been correlated with male infertility, and biochemical studies of pooled sperm have suggested that sperm with abnormal shape may contain DNA that has not been properly repackaged by protamine during spermatid development. We have used micro-Raman spectroscopy to obtain Raman spectra from individual human sperm cells and examined how differences in the Raman spectra of sperm chromatin correlate with cell shape. We show that Raman spectra of individual sperm cells contain vibrational marker modes that can be used to assess the efficiency of DNA-packaging for each cell. Raman spectra obtained from sperm cells with normal shape provide evidence that DNA in these sperm is very efficiently packaged. We find, however, that the relative protein content per cell and DNA packaging efficiencies are distributed over a relatively wide range for sperm cells with both normal and abnormal shape. These findings indicate that single cell Raman spectroscopy should be a valuable tool in assessing the quality of sperm cells for in-vitro fertilization.

  5. Upper limits on the total cosmic-ray luminosity of individual sources

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anjos, R.C.; De Souza, V.; Supanitsky, A.D. E-mail: vitor@ifsc.usp.br

    2014-07-01

    In this paper, upper limits on the total luminosity of ultra-high-energy cosmic-rays (UHECR) E > 10{sup 18} eV) are determined for five individual sources. The upper limit on the integral flux of GeV--TeV gamma-rays is used to extract the upper limit on the total UHECR luminosity of individual sources. The correlation between upper limit on the integral GeV--TeV gamma-ray flux and upper limit on the UHECR luminosity is established through the cascading process that takes place during propagation of the cosmic rays in the background radiation fields, as explained in reference [1]. Twenty-eight sources measured by FERMI-LAT, VERITAS and MAGIC observatories have been studied. The measured upper limit on the GeV--TeV gamma-ray flux is restrictive enough to allow the calculation of an upper limit on the total UHECR cosmic-ray luminosity of five sources. The upper limit on the UHECR cosmic-ray luminosity of these sources is shown for several assumptions on the emission mechanism. For all studied sources an upper limit on the ultra-high-energy proton luminosity is also set.

  6. How individual traces and interactive timelines could support outage execution - Toward an outage historian concept

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Parfouru, S.; De-Beler, N. [EDF Recherche and Developpement, 6 quai Watier, 78400 Chatou (France)

    2012-07-01

    In the context of a project that is designing innovative ICT-based solutions for the organizational concept of outage management, we focus on the informational process of the OCR (Outage Control Room) underlying the execution of the outages. Informational process are based on structured and unstructured documents that have a key role in the collaborative processes and management of the outage. We especially track the structured and unstructured documents, electronically or not, from creation to sharing. Our analysis allows us to consider that the individual traces produced by an individual participant with a specific role could be multi-purpose and support sharing between participants without creating duplication of work. The ultimate goal is to be able to generate an outage historian, that is not just focused on highly structured information, which could be useful to improve the continuity of information between participants. We study the implementation of this approach through web technologies and social media tools to address this issue. We also investigate the issue of data access through interactive visualization timelines coupled with other modality's to assist users in the navigation and exploration of the proposed historian. (authors)

  7. Individual-specific multi-scale finite element simulation of cortical bone of human proximal femur

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ascenzi, Maria-Grazia, E-mail: mgascenzi@mednet.ucla.edu [UCLA/Orthopaedic Hospital, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Rehabilitation Bldg, Room 22-69, 1000 Veteran Avenue, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095 (United States)] [UCLA/Orthopaedic Hospital, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Rehabilitation Bldg, Room 22-69, 1000 Veteran Avenue, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095 (United States); Kawas, Neal P., E-mail: nealkawas@ucla.edu [UCLA/Orthopaedic Hospital, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Rehabilitation Bldg, Room 22-69, 1000 Veteran Avenue, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095 (United States); Lutz, Andre, E-mail: andre.lutz@hotmail.de [Institute of Biomechanics and Numerical Mechanics, Leibniz University Hannover, 30167 Hannover (Germany)] [Institute of Biomechanics and Numerical Mechanics, Leibniz University Hannover, 30167 Hannover (Germany); Kardas, Dieter, E-mail: kardas@ibnm.uni-hannover.de [ContiTech Vibration Control, Jaedekamp 30 None, 30419 Hannover (Germany)] [ContiTech Vibration Control, Jaedekamp 30 None, 30419 Hannover (Germany); Nackenhorst, Udo, E-mail: nackenhorst@ibnm.uni-hannover.de [Institute of Biomechanics and Numerical Mechanics, Leibniz University Hannover, 30167 Hannover (Germany)] [Institute of Biomechanics and Numerical Mechanics, Leibniz University Hannover, 30167 Hannover (Germany); Keyak, Joyce H., E-mail: jhkeyak@uci.edu [Department of Radiological Sciences, Medical Sciences I, Bldg 811, Room B140, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697-5000 (United States)

    2013-07-01

    We present an innovative method to perform multi-scale finite element analyses of the cortical component of the femur using the individual’s (1) computed tomography scan; and (2) a bone specimen obtained in conjunction with orthopedic surgery. The method enables study of micro-structural characteristics regulating strains and stresses under physiological loading conditions. The analysis of the micro-structural scenarios that cause variation of strain and stress is the first step in understanding the elevated strains and stresses in bone tissue, which are indicative of higher likelihood of micro-crack formation in bone, implicated in consequent remodeling or macroscopic bone fracture. Evidence that micro-structure varies with clinical history and contributes in significant, but poorly understood, ways to bone function, motivates the method’s development, as does need for software tools to investigate relationships between macroscopic loading and micro-structure. Three applications – varying region of interest, bone mineral density, and orientation of collagen type I, illustrate the method. We show, in comparison between physiological loading and simple compression of a patient’s femur, that strains computed at the multi-scale model’s micro-level: (i) differ; and (ii) depend on local collagen-apatite orientation and degree of calcification. Our findings confirm the strain concentration role of osteocyte lacunae, important for mechano-transduction. We hypothesize occurrence of micro-crack formation, leading either to remodeling or macroscopic fracture, when the computed strains exceed the elastic range observed in micro-structural testing.

  8. Systems biology approach to bioremediation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chakraborty, R.; Wu, C. H.; Hazen, T. C.

    2012-01-01

    Bioremediation has historically been approached as a ?black box? in terms of our fundamental understanding. Thus it succeeds and fails, seldom without a complete understanding of why. Systems biology is an integrated research approach to study complex biological systems, by investigating interactions and networks at the molecular, cellular, community, and ecosystem level. The knowledge of these interactions within individual components is fundamental to understanding the dynamics of the ecosystem under investigation. Understanding and modeling functional microbial community structure and stress responses in environments at all levels have tremendous implications for our fundamental understanding of hydrobiogeochemical processes and the potential for making bioremediation breakthroughs and illuminating the ?black box?.

  9. Robotic Inspection System for Bulk Liquid Storage Tanks 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hartsell, D. R.; Hakes, K. J.

    1998-01-01

    for aboveground storage tanks (ASTs) requires: drainage of the product; cleaning of the vessel with water or solvents; physical removal, collection and containment of petroleum and chemical waste residues, including the waste streams created by the cleaning...

  10. Addition of a Water Reuse Aquaculture System (WRAS) into a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    an WRAS without the benefit of a sump or drum filter. #12;Objectives Evaluate the WRAS as a method Supply and drainage plumbing Sedimentation box High pressure circulating pumps High pressure sand

  11. Automated sleep scoring system using labview 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deshpande, Parikshit Bapusaheb

    2006-04-12

    with the individual scorer than being a rigid interpretation of the R&K rules. Though this thesis is limited to the development of an offline software program, given the data acquisition facilites in LabVIEW, a complete system from data acquisition to sleep hypnograms...

  12. Microfluidic Systems Integrated Microfluidic Systems**

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ismagilov, Rustem F.

    Microfluidic Systems Integrated Microfluidic Systems** Rustem F. Ismagilov* Keywords: analytical methods · enzymes · microfluidics · microreactors · protein structures Microfluidic systems use networks of channels thinner than a human hair to manipulate nanoliter volumes of re- agents. The goal of microfluidics

  13. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture 43 (2004) 5568 A volumetric lysimeter system (VLS): an alternative

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lieth, J. Heinrich

    2004-01-01

    of 24 experimental plant growth units was constructed. The VLS measured irrigation and drainage volumes with pressure transducer trace analysis of irrigation reservoir/sump water elevation. To estimate crop of drainage waters, respectively, 10 times per hour. Plant response to evaporative demand was characterized

  14. Sonoma Persistent Surveillance System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pennington, D M

    2006-03-24

    Sonoma offers the first cost-effective, broad-area, high-resolution, real-time motion imagery system for surveillance applications. Sonoma is unique in its ability to provide continuous, real-time video imagery of an area the size of a small city with resolutions sufficient to track 8,000 moving objects in the field of view. At higher resolutions and over smaller areas, Sonoma can even track the movement of individual people. The visual impact of the data available from Sonoma is already causing a paradigm shift in the architecture and operation of other surveillance systems. Sonoma is expected to cost just one-tenth the price of comparably sized sensor systems. Cameras mounted on an airborne platform constantly monitor an area, feeding data to the ground for real-time analysis. Sonoma was designed to provide real-time data for actionable intelligence in situations such as monitoring traffic, special events, border security, and harbors. If a Sonoma system had been available in the aftermath of the Katrina and Rita hurricanes, emergency responders would have had real-time information on roads, water levels, and traffic conditions, perhaps saving many lives.

  15. Multiplexed fluorescence detector system for capillary electrophoresis

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Yeung, E.S.; Taylor, J.A.

    1996-03-12

    A fluorescence detection system for capillary electrophoresis is provided wherein the detection system can simultaneously excite fluorescence and substantially simultaneously monitor separations in multiple capillaries. This multiplexing approach involves laser irradiation of a sample in a plurality of capillaries through optical fibers that are coupled individually with the capillaries. The array is imaged orthogonally through a microscope onto a charge-coupled device camera for signal analysis. 14 figs.

  16. Multiplexed fluorescence detector system for capillary electrophoresis

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Yeung, Edward S. (Ames, IA); Taylor, John A. (Nevada, IA)

    1996-03-12

    A fluorescence detection system for capillary electrophoresis is provided wherein the detection system can simultaneously excite fluorescence and substantially simultaneously monitor separations in multiple capillaries. This multiplexing approach involves laser irradiation of a sample in a plurality of capillaries through optical fibers that are coupled individually with the capillaries. The array is imaged orthogonally through a microscope onto a charge-coupled device camera for signal analysis.

  17. Multiplexed fluorescence detector system for capillary electrophoresis

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Yeung, Edward S. (Ames, IA); Taylor, John A. (Nevada, IA)

    1994-06-28

    A fluorescence detection system for capillary electrophoresis is provided wherein the detection system can simultaneously excite fluorescence and substantially simultaneously monitor separations in multiple capillaries. This multiplexing approach involves laser irradiation of a sample in a plurality of capillaries through optical fibers that are coupled individually with the capillaries. The array is imaged orthogonally through a microscope onto a charge-coupled device camera for signal analysis.

  18. Multiplexed fluorescence detector system for capillary electrophoresis

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Yeung, E.S.; Taylor, J.A.

    1994-06-28

    A fluorescence detection system for capillary electrophoresis is provided wherein the detection system can simultaneously excite fluorescence and substantially simultaneously monitor separations in multiple capillaries. This multiplexing approach involves laser irradiation of a sample in a plurality of capillaries through optical fibers that are coupled individually with the capillaries. The array is imaged orthogonally through a microscope onto a charge-coupled device camera for signal analysis. 14 figures.

  19. Mechanical properties of individual InAs nanowires studied by tensile tests

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, X.; Wei, X. L., E-mail: weixl@pku.edu.cn, E-mail: qingchen@pku.edu.cn; Xu, T. T.; Ning, Z. Y.; Shu, J. P.; Chen, Q., E-mail: weixl@pku.edu.cn, E-mail: qingchen@pku.edu.cn [Key Laboratory for the Physics and Chemistry of Nanodevices and Department of Electronics, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Wang, X. Y.; Pan, D.; Zhao, J. H.; Yang, T. [Institute of Semiconductors, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100083 (China)] [Institute of Semiconductors, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100083 (China)

    2014-03-10

    Mechanical properties of individual InAs nanowires (NWs) synthesized by metal organic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) and molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) methods are studied by in-situ tensile tests in a scanning electron microscope and their fracture strength and Young's modulus are obtained. The two types of NWs both exhibit brittle fracture with a maximum elastic strain up to ?10%. Their fracture strength distributes in a similar range of ?2–5?GPa with a general trend of increasing with NW volume decrease, which is well described by Weibull statistic with a smaller Weibull modulus and a higher characteristic strength for MOCVD NWs. Young's modulus is determined to be 16–78?GPa with an average value of 45?GPa and no dependence on NW diameter for MOCVD NWs and 34–79?GPa with an average value of 58?GPa for MBE NWs.

  20. NV Center Electron Paramagnetic Resonance of a Single Nanodiamond Attached to an Individual Biomolecule

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Teeling-Smith, Richelle M; Scozzaro, Nicolas; Cardellino, Jeremy; Rampersaud, Isaac; North, Justin A; Šimon, Marek; Bhallamudi, Vidya P; Rampersaud, Arfaan; Johnston-Halperin, Ezekiel; Poirier, Michael G; Hammel, P Chris

    2015-01-01

    A key limitation of electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR), an established and powerful tool for studying atomic-scale biomolecular structure and dynamics is its poor sensitivity, samples containing in excess of 10^12 labeled biomolecules are required in typical experiments. In contrast, single molecule measurements provide improved insights into heterogeneous behaviors that can be masked by ensemble measurements and are often essential for illuminating the molecular mechanisms behind the function of a biomolecule. We report EPR measurements of a single labeled biomolecule that merge these two powerful techniques. We selectively label an individual double-stranded DNA molecule with a single nanodiamond containing nitrogen-vacancy (NV) centers, and optically detect the paramagnetic resonance of NV spins in the nanodiamond probe. Analysis of the spectrum reveals that the nanodiamond probe has complete rotational freedom and that the characteristic time scale for reorientation of the nanodiamond probe is slow com...

  1. Label-free identification of individual bacteria using Fourier transform light scattering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jo, YoungJu; Kim, Min-hyeok; Park, HyunJoo; Kang, Suk-Jo; Park, YongKeun

    2015-01-01

    Rapid identification of bacterial species is crucial in medicine and food hygiene. In order to achieve rapid and label-free identification of bacterial species at the single bacterium level, we propose and experimentally demonstrate an optical method based on Fourier transform light scattering (FTLS) measurements and statistical classification. For individual rod-shaped bacteria belonging to four bacterial species (Listeria monocytogenes, Escherichia coli, Lactobacillus casei, and Bacillus subtilis), two-dimensional angle-resolved light scattering maps are precisely measured using FTLS technique. The scattering maps are then systematically analyzed, employing statistical classification in order to extract the unique fingerprint patterns for each species, so that a new unidentified bacterium can be identified by a single light scattering measurement. The single-bacterial and label-free nature of our method suggests wide applicability for rapid point-of-care bacterial diagnosis.

  2. Hard X-Ray Imaging of Individual Spectral Components in Solar Flares

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caspi, Amir; McTiernan, James M; Krucker, Säm

    2015-01-01

    We present a new analytical technique, combining Reuven Ramaty High Energy Solar Spectroscopic Imager (RHESSI) high-resolution imaging and spectroscopic observations, to visualize solar flare emission as a function of spectral component (e.g., isothermal temperature) rather than energy. This computationally inexpensive technique is applicable to all spatially-invariant spectral forms and is useful for visualizing spectroscopically-determined individual sources and placing them in context, e.g., comparing multiple isothermal sources with nonthermal emission locations. For example, while extreme ultraviolet images can usually be closely identified with narrow temperature ranges, due to the emission being primarily from spectral lines of specific ion species, X-ray images are dominated by continuum emission and therefore have a broad temperature response, making it difficult to identify sources of specific temperatures regardless of the energy band of the image. We combine RHESSI calibrated X-ray visibilities wi...

  3. Nanomanipulation and nanofabrication with multi-probe STM: From individual atoms to nanowires

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Qin, Shengyong; Kim, Tae Hwan; Wang, Zhouhang; Li, An-Ping

    2012-01-01

    The wide variety of nanoscale structures and devices demands novel tools for handling, assembly, and fabrication at nanoscopic positioning precision. The manipulation tools should allow for in situ characterization and testing of fundamental building blocks, such as nanotubes and nanowires, as they are built into functional devices. In this paper, a bottom-up technique for nanomanipulation and nanofabrication is reported by using a 4-probe scanning tunneling microscope (STM) combined with a scanning electron microscope (SEM). The applications of this technique are demonstrated in a variety of nanosystems, from manipulating individual atoms to bending, cutting, breaking carbon nanofibers, and constructing nanodevices for electrical characterizations. The combination of the wide field of view of SEM, the atomic position resolution of STM, and the flexibility of multiple scanning probes is expected to be a valuable tool for rapid prototyping in the nanoscience and nanotechnology.

  4. The impact of individual nuclear masses on $r$-process abundances

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. R. Mumpower; R. Surman; D. -L. Fang; M. Beard; P. Moller; T. Kawano; A. Aprahamian

    2015-05-28

    We have performed for the first time a comprehensive study of the sensitivity of $r$-process nucleosynthesis to individual nuclear masses across the chart of nuclides. Using the latest version (2012) of the Finite-Range Droplet Model, we consider mass variations of $\\pm0.5$ MeV and propagate each mass change to all affected quantities, including $Q$-values, reaction rates, and branching ratios. We find such mass variations can result in up to an order of magnitude local change in the final abundance pattern produced in an $r$-process simulation. We identify key nuclei whose masses have a substantial impact on abundance predictions for hot, cold, and neutron star merger $r$-process scenarios and could be measured at future radioactive beam facilities.

  5. Individual Radiation Protection Monitoring in the Marshall Islands: Enewetak Atoll (2002-2004)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hamilton, T F; Kehl, S; Hickman, D; Brown, T; Marchetti, A A; Martinelli, R; Johannes, K; Henry, D

    2006-01-17

    The United States Department of Energy (U.S. DOE) has recently implemented a series of strategic initiatives to address long-term radiological surveillance needs at former U.S. nuclear test sites in the Marshall Islands. The plan is to engage local atoll communities in developing shared responsibilities for implementing radiation protection monitoring programs for resettled and resettling populations in the northern Marshall Islands. Using the pooled resources of the U.S. DOE and local atoll governments, individual radiological surveillance programs have been developed in whole body counting and plutonium urinalysis in order to accurately assess radiation doses resulting from the ingestion and uptake of fallout radionuclides contained in locally grown foods. Permanent whole body counting facilities have been established at three separate locations in the Marshall Islands including Enewetak Island (Figure 1) (Bell et al., 2002). These facilities are operated and maintained by Marshallese technicians with scientists from the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) providing on-going technical support services. Bioassay samples are collected under controlled conditions and analyzed for plutonium isotopes at the Center for Accelerator Mass Spectrometry at LLNL using state-of-the art measurement technologies. We also conduct an on-going environmental monitoring and characterization program at selected sites in the northern Marshall Islands. The aim of the environmental program is to determine the level and distribution of important fallout radionuclides in soil, water and local foods with a view towards providing more accurate and updated dose assessments, incorporating knowledge of the unique behaviors and exposure pathways of fallout radionuclides in coral atoll ecosystems. These scientific studies have also been essential in helping guide the development of remedial options used in support of island resettlement. Together, the individual and environmental radiological surveillance programs are helping meet the informational needs of the U.S. DOE and the Republic of the Marshall Islands. Our updated environmental assessments provide a strong scientific basis for predicting future change in exposure conditions especially in relation to changes in lifestyle, diet and/or land-use patterns. This information has important implications in addressing questions about existing (and future) radiological conditions on the islands, in determining the cost and estimating the effectiveness of potential remedial measures, and in general policy support considerations. Perhaps most importantly, the recently established individual radiological surveillance programs provide affected atoll communities with an unprecedented level of radiation protection monitoring where, for the first time, local resources are being made available to monitor resettled and resettling populations on a continuous basis. As a hard copy supplement to Marshall Islands Program website (http://eed.llnl.gov/mi/), this document provides an overview of the individual radiation protection monitoring program established for the Enewetak Atoll population group along with a full disclosure of all verified measurement data (2002-2004). Readers are advised that an additional feature of the associated web site is a provision where users are able calculate and track doses delivered to volunteers (de-identified information only) participating in the Marshall Islands Radiological Surveillance Program.

  6. Wireless Technologies Implications for Power Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fuhr, Peter L; Manges, Wayne W; Schweitzer, Patrick; Kagan, Hesh

    2010-01-01

    Wireless technologies have advanced well beyond simple SCADA radio systems and point-to-point links. The current applications supported by industrial-grade wireless sensors and systems range from field measurements (classic I/O) to voice, video, asset tracking, mobile operators, etc. Which such a wide array of supported applications, the belief that wireless technology will only impact power systems in terms of wireless sensors is shortsighted. This paper, coauthored by a group of individuals intimately involved in the general realm of industrial wireless , presents a simple snapshot of current radio technologies that are used (or seriously contemplated for use) in power systems.

  7. Alternative Site Technology Deployment-Monitoring System for the U-3ax/bl Disposal Unit at the Nevada Test Site

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dixon, J.M.; Levitt, D.G.; Rawlinson, S.E.

    2001-02-01

    In December 2000, a performance monitoring facility was constructed adjacent to the U-3ax/bl mixed waste disposal unit at the Nevada Test Site (NTS). Recent studies conducted in the arid southwestern United States suggest that a vegetated monolayer evapotranspiration (ET) closure cover may be more effective at isolating waste than traditional Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) multi-layered designs. The monitoring system deployed next to the U-3ax/bl disposal unit consists of eight drainage lysimeters with three surface treatments: two are left bare; two are revegetated with native species; two are being allowed to revegetate with invader species; and two are reserved for future studies. Soil used in each lysimeter is native alluvium taken from the same location as the soil used for the cover material on U-3ax/bl. The lysimeters were constructed so that any drainage to the bottom can be collected and measured. To provide a detailed evaluation of the cover performance, an ar ray of 16 sensors was installed in each lysimeter to measure soil water content, soil water potential, and soil temperature. Revegetation of the U-3ax/bl closure cover establishes a stable plant community that maximizes water loss through transpiration while at the same time, reduces water and wind erosion and ultimately restores the disposal unit to its surrounding Great Basin Desert environment.

  8. Wetland Flow and Salinity Budgets and Elements of a Decision Support System toward Implementation of Real-Time Seasonal Wetland Salinity Management

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Quinn, N.W.T.; Ortega, R.; Rahilly, P.; Johnson, C.B.

    2011-12-17

    The project has provided science-based tools for the long-term management of salinity in drainage discharges from wetlands to the San Joaquin River. The results of the project are being used to develop best management practices (BMP) and a decision support system to assist wetland managers adjust the timing of salt loads delivered to the San Joaquin River during spring drawdown. Adaptive drainage management scheduling has the potential to improve environmental compliance with salinity objectives in the Lower San Joaquin River by reducing the frequency of violation of Vernalis salinity standards, especially in dry and critically dry years. The paired approach to project implementation whereby adaptively managed and traditional practices were monitored in a side-by-side fashion has provided a quantitative measure of the impacts of the project on the timing of salt loading to the San Joaquin River. The most significant accomplishments of the project has been the technology transfer to wetland biologists, ditch tenders and water managers within the Grasslands Ecological Area. This “learning by doing” has build local community capacity within the Grassland Water District and California Department of Fish and Game providing these institutions with new capability to assess and effectively manage salinity within their wetlands while simultaneously providing benefits to salinity management of the San Joaquin River.

  9. Mathematics programs1 teach individuals to use mathematical methods in solving problems. Students in mathematics may use

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    Mathematics programs1 teach individuals to use mathematical methods in solving problems. Students in mathematics may use mathematical theory, computational techniques, algorithms, and the latest computer. Mathematics programs fall into two classes of mathematics, applied mathematics and theoretical (pure

  10. Incompatible Hazardous Materials Each material must be individually evaluated to determine where and how it should be stored. The

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Lijser, Peter

    Incompatible Hazardous Materials Each material must be individually evaluated to determine where compounds) detergents/soaps, oxidizers heat, fire hazard compressed gases (oxygen, acetylene, propane, helium) heat sources fire hazard, explosion hazards corrosion preventative compounds (corrosion

  11. It's not easy being green: stress and invalidation in identity formation of culturally-complex or mixed-race individuals 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roberts Perez, Samaria Dalia

    2009-05-15

    This is an exploratory study to examine a population which has not been widely researched, mixed-race or "culturally-complex" individuals and identification. In the interest of this study, "culturally-complex" refers to ...

  12. Assessing Diet and Seasonality in the Lower Pecos Canyonlands: An Evaluation of Coprolite Specimens as Records of Individual Dietary Decisions 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Riley, Timothy

    2012-02-14

    This dissertation presents an evaluation of coprolite specimens from the Lower Pecos canyonlands as records of individual dietary decisions. Prior studies of coprolites from this region have greatly expanded our knowledge ...

  13. The association between empathy, the Big 5 Dimensions of personality and prosocial behaviour: What causes individuals to act prosocially? 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gray, Julie

    2009-07-03

    The topic of whether humans are altruistically motivated to behave in prosocial manner has been at the centre of debate for many years. Feeling empathy for another individual has been found to be crucial in the decision ...

  14. Three essays in labor and health economics: individual decisions on occupation, labor supply, and demand for heatlh 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shin, Ja Eun

    2005-08-29

    In this dissertation, I examine individual decisions in occupational choice, labor supply, and health care utilization. Occupational choice decisions of female college graduates on whether to teach or not are analyzed to understand the role...

  15. A theory of individual-level predicates based on blind mandatory implicatures : constraint promotion for optimality theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Magri, Giorgio, 1975-

    2009-01-01

    Part I of this dissertation proposes an implicature-based theory of individual-level predicates. The idea is that we cannot say '#John is sometimes tall' because the sentence triggers the scalar implicature that the ...

  16. The Perspectives of Individuals with Cognitive Disabilities and/or Autism on Their Lives and Their Problem Behavior.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ruef, Michael B.; Turnbull, Ann P.

    2002-01-01

    The purpose of the study was 2-fold: (a) to explore the perceptions of individuals with cognitive disabilities and/ or autism regarding barriers and solutions they have experienced related to problem behavior, and (b) to elicit suggestions on areas...

  17. Interactions of gaseous HNO3 and water with individual and mixed alkyl self-assembled monolayers at room temperature.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nishino, Noriko; Hollingsworth, Scott A; Stern, Abraham C; Roeselová, Martina; Tobias, Douglas J; Finlayson-Pitts, Barbara J

    2014-01-01

    of gaseous HNO 3 and water with individual and mixed alkylon all SAM surfaces when water is removed. Results ofof gas-phase HNO 3 and water on organic films using a C8

  18. Advanced Control Techniques For Efficient And Robust Operation Of Advanced Life Support Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sethares, William A.

    life support system constrained by mass balance equations. A novel agent-based control strategy derived and optimal control. The control systems require different amounts of knowledge about the underlying system. At one extreme is a proportional feedback control about individual system states. This is a completely

  19. A SPATIO-TEMPORAL MODEL OF HOUSING PRICES BASED ON INDIVIDUAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Tony E.

    -mail Address: tesmith@seas.upenn.edu. a Department of Electrical and Systems Engineering, University of these models [CAR(1)] has also been developed by Jones and Boadi-Boateng (1991) [and Jones (1993

  20. Knowledge trading : computational support for individual and collaborative sense-making activities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keel, Paul E. (Paul Erich)

    2004-01-01

    (cont.) outlined. 2. Demonstration that computer systems can use the discovered relations among data items to help users search for relevant information, prioritize the data exchange between collaborating users, and visualize ...

  1. Identification and modeling of discoverers in online social systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Medo, Matus; Zeng, An; Zhang, Yi-Cheng

    2015-01-01

    The dynamics of individuals is of essential importance for understanding the evolution of social systems. Most existing models assume that individuals in diverse systems, ranging from social networks to e-commerce, all tend to what is already popular. We develop an analytical time-aware framework which shows that when individuals make choices -- which item to buy, for example -- in online social systems, a small fraction of them is consistently successful in discovering popular items long before they actually become popular. We argue that these users, whom we refer to as discoverers, are fundamentally different from the previously known opinion leaders, influentials, and innovators. We use the proposed framework to demonstrate that discoverers are present in a wide range of systems. Once identified, they can be used to predict the future success of items. We propose a network model which reproduces the discovery patterns observed in the real data. Furthermore, data produced by the model pose a fundamental cha...

  2. In situ measurement system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lord, D.E.

    1980-11-24

    A multipurpose in situ underground measurement system comprising a plurality of long electrical resistance elements in the form of rigid reinforcing bars, each having an open loop hairpin configuration of shorter length than the other resistance elements. The resistance elements are arranged in pairs in a unitized structure, and grouted in place in the underground volume. Measurement means are provided for obtaining for each pair the electrical resistance of each element and the difference in electrical resistance of the paired elements, which difference values may be used in analytical methods involving resistance as a function of temperature. A scanner means sequentially connects the resistance-measuring apparatus to each individual pair of elements. A source of heating current is also selectively connectable for heating the elements to an initial predetermined temperature prior to electrical resistance measurements when used as an anemometer.

  3. Laser multiplexing system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Johnson, Steve A. (Tracy, CA); English, Jr., Ronald Edward (Tracy, CA); White, Ronald K. (Livermore, CA)

    2001-01-01

    A plurality of copper lasers, as radiant power sources, emits a beam of power carrying radiation. A plurality of fiber injection assemblies receives power from the plurality of copper lasers and injects such power into a plurality of fibers for individually transmitting the received power to a plurality of power-receiving devices. The power-transmitting fibers of the system are so arranged that power is delivered therethrough to each of the power-receiving devices such that, even if a few of the radiant power sources and/or fibers fail, the power supply to any of the power receiving devices will not completely drop to zero but will drop by the same proportionate amount.

  4. Fuel transfer system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Townsend, H.E.; Barbanti, G.

    1994-03-01

    A nuclear fuel bundle fuel transfer system includes a transfer pool containing water at a level above a reactor core. A fuel transfer machine therein includes a carriage disposed in the transfer pool and under the water for transporting fuel bundles. The carriage is selectively movable through the water in the transfer pool and individual fuel bundles are carried vertically in the carriage. In a preferred embodiment, a first movable bridge is disposed over an upper pool containing the reactor core, and a second movable bridge is disposed over a fuel storage pool, with the transfer pool being disposed therebetween. A fuel bundle may be moved by the first bridge from the reactor core and loaded into the carriage which transports the fuel bundle to the second bridge which picks up the fuel bundle and carries it to the fuel storage pool. 6 figures.

  5. Fuel transfer system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Townsend, Harold E. (Campbell, CA); Barbanti, Giancarlo (Cupertino, CA)

    1994-01-01

    A nuclear fuel bundle fuel transfer system includes a transfer pool containing water at a level above a reactor core. A fuel transfer machine therein includes a carriage disposed in the transfer pool and under the water for transporting fuel bundles. The carriage is selectively movable through the water in the transfer pool and individual fuel bundles are carried vertically in the carriage. In a preferred embodiment, a first movable bridge is disposed over an upper pool containing the reactor core, and a second movable bridge is disposed over a fuel storage pool, with the transfer pool being disposed therebetween. A fuel bundle may be moved by the first bridge from the reactor core and loaded into the carriage which transports the fuel bundle to the second bridge which picks up the fuel bundle and carries it to the fuel storage pool.

  6. ARCHITECTURE AND MAIN HARDWARE COMPONENTS OF THE FEL CONTROL SYSTEM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kozak, Victor R.

    ARCHITECTURE AND MAIN HARDWARE COMPONENTS OF THE FEL CONTROL SYSTEM E.N. Dementiev, V.R. Kozak, E general structure and listing the main features and hardware of individual components. Comparative as the reasons for choosing certain standards. Main issues of the future development of the control system

  7. Scandinavian Journal of Information Systems, 2000, 12 211 INFORMATION ABOUT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertelsen, Olav W.

    ©Scandinavian Journal of Information Systems, 2000, 12 211 INFORMATION ABOUT THE JOURNAL HOW TO SUBSCRIBE The Scandinavian Journal of Information Systems is published once a year from Volume 10. As from 1998 the journal is administrated by the IRIS Association. All subscribing as individuals will receive

  8. An Architectural Approach for Cost Effective Trustworthy Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuz, Ihor

    may trust an individual to keep a secret but not to be able to leap tall buildings in a single bound. Keeping a secret and leaping a building are two distinct properties with different techniques the formally verified operating system microkernel, seL4 [4], and designing and verifying systems built on top

  9. Explaining The Operation of A Home Care System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turner, Ken

    (e.g. for communication, speech input-output, or weather forecasts). A home care system is able are living normally at home. For example, non-intrusive sensing can confirm that the individual is sleepingExplaining The Operation of A Home Care System Kenneth J. Turner, Computing Science and Mathematics

  10. Solar Survey of PV System Owners: San Diego

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The purpose of the survey was to understand the motivation, challenges and benefits perceived by individuals who decided to install solar systems in the City of San Diego. Approximately 2000 surveys were sent, and 641 surveys were completed. The primary response was from the residential sector. Individuals had the option to reply electronically, using Survey Monkey, or to complete a paper survey. All responses were combined and checked to ensure that there were no duplicates.

  11. Modular radiochemistry synthesis system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Satyamurthy, Nagichettiar; Barrio, Jorge R.; Amarasekera, Bernard; Van Dam, R. Michael; Olma, Sebastian; Williams, Dirk; Eddings, Mark; Shen, Clifton Kwang-Fu

    2015-12-15

    A modular chemical production system includes multiple modules for performing a chemical reaction, particularly of radiochemical compounds, from a remote location. One embodiment comprises a reaction vessel including a moveable heat source with the position thereof relative to the reaction vessel being controllable from a remote position. Alternatively the heat source may be fixed in location and the reaction vial is moveable into and out of the heat source. The reaction vessel has one or more sealing plugs, the positioning of which in relationship to the reaction vessel is controllable from a remote position. Also the one or more reaction vessel sealing plugs can include one or more conduits there through for delivery of reactants, gases at atmospheric or an elevated pressure, inert gases, drawing a vacuum and removal of reaction end products to and from the reaction vial, the reaction vial with sealing plug in position being operable at elevated pressures. The modular chemical production system is assembled from modules which can each include operating condition sensors and controllers configured for monitoring and controlling the individual modules and the assembled system from a remote position. Other modules include, but are not limited to a Reagent Storage and Delivery Module, a Cartridge Purification Module, a Microwave Reaction Module, an External QC/Analysis/Purification Interface Module, an Aliquotting Module, an F-18 Drying Module, a Concentration Module, a Radiation Counting Module, and a Capillary Reactor Module.

  12. Enhanced sequential carrier capture into individual quantum dots and quantum posts controlled by surface acoustic waves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stefan Völk; Florian J. R. Schülein; Florian Knall; Dirk Reuter; Andreas D. Wieck; Tuan A. Truong; Hyochul Kim; Pierre M. Petroff; Achim Wixforth; Hubert J. Krenner

    2010-11-19

    Individual self-assembled Quantum Dots and Quantum Posts are studied under the influence of a surface acoustic wave. In optical experiments we observe an acoustically induced switching of the occupancy of the nanostructures along with an overall increase of the emission intensity. For Quantum Posts, switching occurs continuously from predominantely charged excitons (dissimilar number of electrons and holes) to neutral excitons (same number of electrons and holes) and is independent on whether the surface acoustic wave amplitude is increased or decreased. For quantum dots, switching is non-monotonic and shows a pronounced hysteresis on the amplitude sweep direction. Moreover, emission of positively charged and neutral excitons is observed at high surface acoustic wave amplitudes. These findings are explained by carrier trapping and localization in the thin and disordered two-dimensional wetting layer on top of which Quantum Dots nucleate. This limitation can be overcome for Quantum Posts where acoustically induced charge transport is highly efficient in a wide lateral Matrix-Quantum Well.

  13. Variability of North Atlantic hurricanes: seasonal versus individual-event features

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Corral, Alvaro

    2012-01-01

    Tropical cyclones are affected by a large number of climatic factors, which translates into complex patterns of occurrence. The variability of annual metrics of tropical-cyclone activity has been intensively studied, in particular since the sudden activation of the N Atl in the mid 1990's. We provide first a swift overview on previous work by diverse authors about these annual metrics for the NAtl basin, where the natural variability of the phenomenon, the existence of trends, the drawbacks of the records, and the influence of global warming have been the subject of interesting debates. Next, we present an alternative approach that does not focus on seasonal features but on the characteristics of single events [Corral et al Nature Phys 6, 693, 2010]. It is argued that the individual-storm power dissipation index (PDI) constitutes a natural way to describe each event, and further, that the PDI statistics yields a robust law for the occurrence of tropical cyclones in terms of a power law. In this context, metho...

  14. Spatially Resolved Mapping of Electrical Conductivity around Individual Domain (Grain) Boundaries in Graphene

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, An-Ping [ORNL; Clark, Kendal W [ORNL; Zhang, Xiaoguang [ORNL; Vlassiouk, Ivan V [ORNL; He, Guowei [Carnegie Mellon University (CMU); Feenstra, Randall [Carnegie Mellon University (CMU)

    2013-01-01

    Graphene films can now be produced on the scale of up to meters. However, all large-scale graphene films contain topological defects that can significantly affect the characteristic transport behaviors of graphene. Here, we spatially map the structures and electronic transport near specific domain and grain boundaries in graphene, and evaluate effects of different types of defect on the electronic conductivity in epitaxial graphene grown on SiC and CVD graphene on Cu subsequently transferred to a SiO2 substrate. We use a combined approach with a multi-probe scanning tunneling potentiometry to investigate both structures and transport at individual grain boundaries and domain boundaries that are defined by coalesced grains, surface steps, and changes in layer thickness. It is found that the substrate step on SiC presents a significant potential barrier for electron transport of epitaxial graphene due to the reduced charge transport from the substrate at the step edges, monolayer-bilayer boundaries exhibit a high resistivity that can change depending on directions of the current across the boundary, and the resistivity of grain boundaries changes with the transition width of the disordered region between two adjacent grains in graphene. The detailed understanding of graphene defects will provide the feedback for controlled engineering of defects in large-scale graphene films.

  15. The 3D-architecture of individual free silver nanoparticles captured by X-ray scattering

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Barke, Ingo; Hartmann, Hannes; Rupp, Daniela; Flückiger, Leonie; Sauppe, Mario; Adolph, Marcus; Schorb, Sebastian; Bostedt, Christoph; Treusch, Rolf; Peltz, Christian; et al

    2015-02-04

    The diversity of nanoparticle shapes generated by condensation from gaseous matter reflects the fundamental competition between thermodynamic equilibration and the persistence of metastable configurations during growth. In the kinetically limited regime, intermediate geometries that are favoured only in early formation stages can be imprinted in the finally observed ensemble of differently structured specimens. Here we demonstrate that single-shot wide-angle scattering of femtosecond soft X-ray free-electron laser pulses allows three-dimensional characterization of the resulting metastable nanoparticle structures. For individual free ?silver particles, which can be considered frozen in space for the duration of photon exposure, both shape and orientation are uncoveredmore »from measured scattering images. We identify regular shapes, including species with fivefold symmetry and surprisingly large aspect ratio up to particle radii of the order of 100 nm. Our approach includes scattering effects beyond Born’s approximation and is remarkably efficient—opening up new routes in ultrafast nanophysics and free-electron laser science« less

  16. Present and future nuclear power generation as a reflection of individual countries' resources and objectives

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Borg, I.Y.

    1987-06-26

    The nuclear reactor industry has been in a state of decline for more than a decade in most of the world. The reasons are numerous and often unique to the energy situation of individual countries. Two commonly cited issues influence decisions relating to construction of reactors: costs and the need, or lack thereof, for additional generating capacity. Public concern has ''politicized'' the nuclear industry in many non-communist countries, causing a profound effect on the economics of the option. The nuclear installations and future plans are reviewed on a country-by-country basis for 36 countries in the light of the resources and objectives of each. Because oil and gas for power production throughout the world are being phased out as much as possible, coal-fired generation currently tends to be the chosen alternative to nuclear power production. Exceptions occur in many of the less developed countries that collectively have a very limited operating experience with nuclear reactors. The Chernobyl accident in the USSR alarmed the public; however, national strategies and plans to build reactors have not changed markedly in the interim. Assuming that the next decade of nuclear power generation is uneventful, additional electrical demand would cause the nuclear power industry to experience a rejuvenation in Europe as well as in the US. 80 refs., 3 figs., 22 tabs.

  17. Simulating variable source problems via post processing of individual particle tallies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bleuel, D.L.; Donahue, R.J.; Ludewigt, B.A.; Vujic, J.

    2000-10-20

    Monte Carlo is an extremely powerful method of simulating complex, three dimensional environments without excessive problem simplification. However, it is often time consuming to simulate models in which the source can be highly varied. Similarly difficult are optimization studies involving sources in which many input parameters are variable, such as particle energy, angle, and spatial distribution. Such studies are often approached using brute force methods or intelligent guesswork. One field in which these problems are often encountered is accelerator-driven Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT) for the treatment of cancers. Solving the reverse problem of determining the best neutron source for optimal BNCT treatment can be accomplished by separating the time-consuming particle-tracking process of a full Monte Carlo simulation from the calculation of the source weighting factors which is typically performed at the beginning of a Monte Carlo simulation. By post-processing these weighting factors on a recorded file of individual particle tally information, the effect of changing source variables can be realized in a matter of seconds, instead of requiring hours or days for additional complete simulations. By intelligent source biasing, any number of different source distributions can be calculated quickly from a single Monte Carlo simulation. The source description can be treated as variable and the effect of changing multiple interdependent source variables on the problem's solution can be determined. Though the focus of this study is on BNCT applications, this procedure may be applicable to any problem that involves a variable source.

  18. Managing System of Systems Requirements with a Requirements Screening Group

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ronald R. Barden

    2012-07-01

    Figuring out an effective and efficient way to manage not only your Requirement’s Baseline, but also the development of all your individual requirements during a Program’s/Project’s Conceptual and Development Life Cycle Stages can be both daunting and difficult. This is especially so when you are dealing with a complex and large System of Systems (SoS) Program with potentially thousands and thousands of Top Level Requirements as well as an equal number of lower level System, Subsystem and Configuration Item requirements that need to be managed. This task is made even more overwhelming when you have to add in integration with multiple requirements’ development teams (e.g., Integrated Product Development Teams (IPTs)) and/or numerous System/Subsystem Design Teams. One solution for tackling this difficult activity on a recent large System of Systems Program was to develop and make use of a Requirements Screening Group (RSG). This group is essentially a Team made up of co-chairs from the various Stakeholders with an interest in the Program of record that are enabled and accountable for Requirements Development on the Program/Project. The RSG co-chairs, often with the help of individual support team, work together as a Program Board to monitor, make decisions on, and provide guidance on all Requirements Development activities during the Conceptual and Development Life Cycle Stages of a Program/Project. In addition, the RSG can establish and maintain the Requirements Baseline, monitor and enforce requirements traceability across the entire Program, and work with other elements of the Program/Project to ensure integration and coordination.

  19. System Effectiveness

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Powell, Danny H; Elwood Jr, Robert H

    2011-01-01

    An effective risk assessment system is needed to address the threat posed by an active or passive insider who, acting alone or in collusion, could attempt diversion or theft of nuclear material. It is critical that a nuclear facility conduct a thorough self-assessment of the material protection, control, and accountability (MPC&A) system to evaluate system effectiveness. Self-assessment involves vulnerability analysis and performance testing of the MPC&A system. The process should lead to confirmation that mitigating features of the system effectively minimize the threat, or it could lead to the conclusion that system improvements or upgrades are necessary to achieve acceptable protection against the threat. Analysis of the MPC&A system is necessary to understand the limits and vulnerabilities of the system to internal threats. Self-assessment helps the facility be prepared to respond to internal threats and reduce the risk of theft or diversion of nuclear material. MSET is a self-assessment or inspection tool utilizing probabilistic risk assessment (PRA) methodology to calculate the system effectiveness of a nuclear facility's MPC&A system. MSET analyzes the effectiveness of an MPC&A system based on defined performance metrics for MPC&A functions based on U.S. and international best practices and regulations. A facility's MC&A system can be evaluated at a point in time and reevaluated after upgrades are implemented or after other system changes occur. The total system or specific subareas within the system can be evaluated. Areas of potential performance improvement or system upgrade can be assessed to determine where the most beneficial and cost-effective improvements should be made. Analyses of risk importance factors show that sustainability is essential for optimal performance. The analyses reveal where performance degradation has the greatest detrimental impact on total system risk and where performance improvements have the greatest reduction in system risk. The risk importance factors show the amount of risk reduction achievable with potential upgrades and the amount of risk reduction actually achieved after upgrades are completed. Applying the risk assessment tool gives support to budget prioritization by showing where budget support levels must be sustained for MC&A functions most important to risk. Results of the risk assessment are also useful in supporting funding justifications for system improvements that significantly reduce system risk.

  20. Inter-individual variation in DNA repair capacity: A need for multi-pathway functional assays to promote translational DNA repair research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagel, Zachary D.

    Why does a constant barrage of DNA damage lead to disease in some individuals, while others remain healthy? This article surveys current work addressing the implications of inter-individual variation in DNA repair capacity ...