National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for individual 4-78 3-72

  1. Storm Water Individual Permit.

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    NPDES Storm Water Individual Permit. Wednesday, January 22, 2014 5:30 p.m. Cities of Gold Conference Center 10 Cities of Gold Road, Pojoaque, NM The Individual Permit authorizes...

  2. Predicting Individual Fuel Economy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lin, Zhenhong; Greene, David L

    2011-01-01

    To make informed decisions about travel and vehicle purchase, consumers need unbiased and accurate information of the fuel economy they will actually obtain. In the past, the EPA fuel economy estimates based on its 1984 rules have been widely criticized for overestimating on-road fuel economy. In 2008, EPA adopted a new estimation rule. This study compares the usefulness of the EPA's 1984 and 2008 estimates based on their prediction bias and accuracy and attempts to improve the prediction of on-road fuel economies based on consumer and vehicle attributes. We examine the usefulness of the EPA fuel economy estimates using a large sample of self-reported on-road fuel economy data and develop an Individualized Model for more accurately predicting an individual driver's on-road fuel economy based on easily determined vehicle and driver attributes. Accuracy rather than bias appears to have limited the usefulness of the EPA 1984 estimates in predicting on-road MPG. The EPA 2008 estimates appear to be equally inaccurate and substantially more biased relative to the self-reported data. Furthermore, the 2008 estimates exhibit an underestimation bias that increases with increasing fuel economy, suggesting that the new numbers will tend to underestimate the real-world benefits of fuel economy and emissions standards. By including several simple driver and vehicle attributes, the Individualized Model reduces the unexplained variance by over 55% and the standard error by 33% based on an independent test sample. The additional explanatory variables can be easily provided by the individuals.

  3. The Individual Permit for Stormwater

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The Individual Permit for Stormwater The Individual Permit for Stormwater Community groups and their technical advisors have the opportunity to carefully review and comment on all ...

  4. Individual Permit for Storm Water

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Laws » Individual Permit Individual Permit The Individual Permit authorizes the discharge of storm water associated with historical industrial activities at LANL from specified solid waste management units and areas of concern, collectively referred to as Sites. Canada del Buey Gage station in Mortandad Canyon Pajarito Canyon Sandia Canyon Willows planted for bank stabilization in Pueblo Canyon Willows planted for bank stabilization in Pueblo Canyon What's New Documents submitted to EPRR in

  5. The Individual Permit for Stormwater

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The Individual Permit for Stormwater The Individual Permit for Stormwater Community groups and their technical advisors have the opportunity to carefully review and comment on all decisions being made under the permit. August 1, 2013 Stormwater monitoring Stormwater monitoring The Individual Permit for Stormwater Eliminate contaminated stormwater discharges from specified Solid Waste Management Units (SWMUs) and Areas of Concern (AOCs) Use control measures called "best management

  6. Nondestructive Imaging of Individual Biomolecules

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Germann, Matthias; Latychevskaia, Tatiana; Escher, Conrad; Fink, Hans-Werner

    2010-03-05

    Radiation damage is considered to be the major problem that still prevents imaging an individual biological molecule for structural analysis. So far, all known mapping techniques using sufficient short wavelength radiation, be it x rays or high energy electrons, circumvent this problem by averaging over many molecules. Averaging, however, leaves conformational details uncovered. Even the anticipated use of ultrashort but extremely bright x-ray bursts of a free electron laser shall afford averaging over 10{sup 6} molecules to arrive at atomic resolution. Here, we present direct experimental evidence for nondestructive imaging of individual DNA molecules. In fact, we show that DNA withstands coherent low energy electron radiation with deBroglie wavelength in the Angstrom regime despite a vast dose of 10{sup 8} electrons/nm{sup 2} accumulated over more than one hour.

  7. Notices Affected Public: Individuals and

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    3 Federal Register / Vol. 76, No. 23 / Thursday, February 3, 2011 / Notices Affected Public: Individuals and households; not-for-profit institutions; State, Local, or Tribal Government, State Educational Agencies or Local Educational Agencies. Total Estimated Number of Annual Responses: 22,760. Total Estimated Number of Annual Burden Hours: 8,725. Abstract: The study is being conducted as part of the National Assessment of Title I, mandated by Title I, Part E, Section 1501 of the Elementary and

  8. Highly selective detection of individual

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Highly selective detection of individual nuclear spins with rotary echo on an electron spin probe V. V. Mkhitaryan1, F. Jelezko2, and V. V. Dobrovitski1'* 1Ames Laboratory US DOE, Ames, Iowa, 50011, USA 2University of Ulm, Institute of Quantum Optics and Center for Integrated Quantum Science and Technology, 89081 Ulm, Germany *slava@ameslab.gov ABSTRACT We consider an electronic spin, such as a nitrogen-vacancy center in diamond, weakly coupled to a large number of nuclear spins, and subjected

  9. Chemical Characterization of Individual Particles and Residuals...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Journal Article: Chemical Characterization of Individual Particles and Residuals of Cloud ... Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Chemical Characterization of Individual ...

  10. Individual Industrial WPFC Permit | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Individual Industrial WPFC Permit Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Reference: Individual Industrial WPFC Permit Published Publisher Not Provided,...

  11. Visualizing Individual Carbon Nanotubes with Optical Microscopy...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Published Article: Visualizing Individual Carbon Nanotubes with Optical Microscopy Title: Visualizing Individual Carbon Nanotubes with Optical Microscopy Authors: Novak, Michael A. ...

  12. Hawaii Individual Wastewater Management Permit Packet | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Individual Wastewater Management Permit Packet Citation State of Hawaii Department of Health. 112013. Hawaii Individual Wastewater Management Permit Packet. State of Hawaii....

  13. Appendix IGP: Individual and Groundwater Protection Requirements

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    IGP-2014 Individual and Groundwater Protection Requirements United States Department of Energy Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Carlsbad Field Office Carlsbad, New Mexico Compliance Recertification Application 2014 Appendix IGP-2014 Individual and Groundwater Protection Requirements Table of Contents IGP-1.0 Introduction IGP-2.0 Individual Protection Requirements IGP-2.1 Compliance Assessment of Undisturbed Performance IGP-2.2 Dose Calculation IGP-2.2.1 Transport Pathway IGP-2.2.2 Bounding Analysis

  14. CDPHE Industrial Individual Wastewater Discharge Permit Application...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    ApplicationLegal Abstract Application provided by the Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment (CDPHE) for use by all individual industrial process water dischargers...

  15. Washington Environmental Permit Handbook - NPDES Individual Permit...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library PermittingRegulatory Guidance - GuideHandbook: Washington Environmental Permit Handbook - NPDES Individual Permit...

  16. Hydrogen Storage Grand Challenge Individual Projects

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Hydrogen Storage Grand Challenge individual projects funded for three Centers of Excellence, led by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Sandia National Laboratories, and Los Alamos National Laboratory

  17. Equilibrium magnetic states in individual hemispherical permalloy...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    The magnetization distributions in individual soft magnetic permalloy caps on non-magnetic spherical particles with sizes ranging from 50 to 800 nm are investigated. We ...

  18. Arizona Department of Environmental Quality's Individual Permits...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: Arizona Department of Environmental Quality's Individual Permits Website Abstract This website contains information...

  19. Tracking Individual Gold Nanoparticles | The Ames Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Tracking Individual Gold Nanoparticles Researchers have developed a new way to track gold nanorods as they move around and re-orient themselves on metal surfaces, with...

  20. Chapter 5 - Individuals and Agencies Contacted

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    5-1 CHAPTER 5 INDIVIDUALS AND AGENCIES CONTACTED NEPA regulations require that federal, state, and local agencies with jurisdiction or special expertise regarding environmental impacts be consulted and involved in the NEPA process. Agencies involved include those with authority to issue permits, licenses, and other regulatory approvals. Other agencies include those responsible for protecting significant resources such as endangered species or wetlands. The individuals and agencies listed below

  1. Inhibiting Individual Notch Receptors Improves Treatment

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Inhibiting Individual Notch Receptors Improves Treatment Inhibiting Individual Notch Receptors Improves Treatment Print Wednesday, 27 July 2011 00:00 Notch receptors constitute a family of evolutionarily conserved transmembrane proteins that function as conduits for cell communication, regulating cell fate and growth. Aberrant activation of any of the four human Notch receptors has been linked to diseases, particularly cancer, making the Notch pathway a compelling target for new drug studies. A

  2. Individual-specific antibody identification methods

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Francoeur, Ann -Michele

    1989-11-14

    An identification method, applicable to the identification of animals or inanimate objects, is described. The method takes advantage of a hithertofore unknown set of individual-specific, or IS antibodies, that are part of the unique antibody repertoire present in animals, by reacting an effective amount of IS antibodies with a particular panel, or n-dimensional array (where n is typically one or two) consisting of an effective amount of many different antigens (typically greater than one thousand), to give antibody-antigen complexes. The profile or pattern formed by the antigen-antibody complexes, termed an antibody fingerprint, when revealed by an effective amount of an appropriate detector molecule, is uniquely representative of a particular individual. The method can similarly by used to distinguish genetically, or otherwise similar individuals, or their body parts containing IS antibodies. Identification of inanimate objects, particularly security documents, is similarly affected by associating with the documents, an effective amount of a particular individual's IS antibodies, or conversely, a particular panel of antigens, and forming antibody-antigen complexes with a particular panel of antigens, or a particular individual's IS antibodies, respectively. One embodiment of the instant identification method, termed the blocked fingerprint assay, has applications in the area of allergy testing, autoimmune diagnostics and therapeutics, and the detection of environmental antigens such as pathogens, chemicals, and toxins.

  3. Inhibiting Individual Notch Receptors Improves Treatment

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Inhibiting Individual Notch Receptors Improves Treatment Print Notch receptors constitute a family of evolutionarily conserved transmembrane proteins that function as conduits for cell communication, regulating cell fate and growth. Aberrant activation of any of the four human Notch receptors has been linked to diseases, particularly cancer, making the Notch pathway a compelling target for new drug studies. A research team from Bay Area companies Genentech and Exelixis has synthesized highly

  4. Inhibiting Individual Notch Receptors Improves Treatment

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Inhibiting Individual Notch Receptors Improves Treatment Print Notch receptors constitute a family of evolutionarily conserved transmembrane proteins that function as conduits for cell communication, regulating cell fate and growth. Aberrant activation of any of the four human Notch receptors has been linked to diseases, particularly cancer, making the Notch pathway a compelling target for new drug studies. A research team from Bay Area companies Genentech and Exelixis has synthesized highly

  5. Individual Reporting Requirements | National Nuclear Security

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Administration Individual Reporting Requirements DOE Order 472.2, Personnel Security, sets forth reporting requirements for all DOE employees, contractors, and others involved in applying for or holding a DOE access authorization. Reporting must be done verbally within two business days of the event followed by a written confirmation within three additional business days to the Office of Personnel and Facility Clearances and Classification (OPFCC), to include: Legal action effected for a

  6. Inhibiting Individual Notch Receptors Improves Treatment

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Inhibiting Individual Notch Receptors Improves Treatment Print Notch receptors constitute a family of evolutionarily conserved transmembrane proteins that function as conduits for cell communication, regulating cell fate and growth. Aberrant activation of any of the four human Notch receptors has been linked to diseases, particularly cancer, making the Notch pathway a compelling target for new drug studies. A research team from Bay Area companies Genentech and Exelixis has synthesized highly

  7. Inhibiting Individual Notch Receptors Improves Treatment

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Inhibiting Individual Notch Receptors Improves Treatment Print Notch receptors constitute a family of evolutionarily conserved transmembrane proteins that function as conduits for cell communication, regulating cell fate and growth. Aberrant activation of any of the four human Notch receptors has been linked to diseases, particularly cancer, making the Notch pathway a compelling target for new drug studies. A research team from Bay Area companies Genentech and Exelixis has synthesized highly

  8. Inhibiting Individual Notch Receptors Improves Treatment

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Inhibiting Individual Notch Receptors Improves Treatment Print Notch receptors constitute a family of evolutionarily conserved transmembrane proteins that function as conduits for cell communication, regulating cell fate and growth. Aberrant activation of any of the four human Notch receptors has been linked to diseases, particularly cancer, making the Notch pathway a compelling target for new drug studies. A research team from Bay Area companies Genentech and Exelixis has synthesized highly

  9. Inhibiting Individual Notch Receptors Improves Treatment

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Inhibiting Individual Notch Receptors Improves Treatment Print Notch receptors constitute a family of evolutionarily conserved transmembrane proteins that function as conduits for cell communication, regulating cell fate and growth. Aberrant activation of any of the four human Notch receptors has been linked to diseases, particularly cancer, making the Notch pathway a compelling target for new drug studies. A research team from Bay Area companies Genentech and Exelixis has synthesized highly

  10. Therapeutic Antibody Targeting of Individual Notch Receptors

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Therapeutic Antibody Targeting of Individual Notch Receptors Print Notch receptors are widely expressed transmembrane proteins through which mammalian cells communicate to regulate cell fate and growth, and defects in Notch signalling are linked to many cancers. Using phage display technology, a multi-department team at Genentech has produced synthetic antibodies that act as potent and specific antagonists of Notch1 and Notch2. The cover, by Gregóire Vion of Salamander Design Studios

  11. Therapeutic Antibody Targeting of Individual Notch Receptors

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Therapeutic Antibody Targeting of Individual Notch Receptors Print Notch receptors are widely expressed transmembrane proteins through which mammalian cells communicate to regulate cell fate and growth, and defects in Notch signalling are linked to many cancers. Using phage display technology, a multi-department team at Genentech has produced synthetic antibodies that act as potent and specific antagonists of Notch1 and Notch2. The cover, by Gregóire Vion of Salamander Design Studios

  12. Individual Differences in Human Reliability Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jeffrey C. Joe; Ronald L. Boring

    2014-06-01

    While human reliability analysis (HRA) methods include uncertainty in quantification, the nominal model of human error in HRA typically assumes that operator performance does not vary significantly when they are given the same initiating event, indicators, procedures, and training, and that any differences in operator performance are simply aleatory (i.e., random). While this assumption generally holds true when performing routine actions, variability in operator response has been observed in multiple studies, especially in complex situations that go beyond training and procedures. As such, complexity can lead to differences in operator performance (e.g., operator understanding and decision-making). Furthermore, psychological research has shown that there are a number of known antecedents (i.e., attributable causes) that consistently contribute to observable and systematically measurable (i.e., not random) differences in behavior. This paper reviews examples of individual differences taken from operational experience and the psychological literature. The impact of these differences in human behavior and their implications for HRA are then discussed. We propose that individual differences should not be treated as aleatory, but rather as epistemic. Ultimately, by understanding the sources of individual differences, it is possible to remove some epistemic uncertainty from analyses.

  13. Analysis of individual lipoproteins and liposomes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Robbins, D.L.; Keller, R.A.; Nolan, J.P.

    1997-08-01

    We describe the application of single molecule detection (SMD) technologies for the analysis of natural (serum lipoproteins) and synthetic (liposomes) transport systems. The need for advanced analytical procedures of these complex and important systems is presented with the specific enhancements afforded by SMD with flowing sample streams. In contrast to bulk measurements which yield only average values, measurement of individual species allows creation of population histograms from heterogeneous samples. The data are acquired in minutes and the analysis requires relatively small sample quantities. Preliminary data are presented from the analysis of low density lipoprotein, and multilamellar and unilamellar vesicles.

  14. Acquisition Letter 07 - Benchmark Compensation Amount for Individual...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Compensation Amount for Individual Executive Salary Actions Acquisition Letter 07 - Benchmark Compensation Amount for Individual Executive Salary Actions The purpose of ...

  15. Highly selective detection of individual nuclear spins with rotary...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    of individual nuclear spins with rotary echo on an electron spin probe Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Highly selective detection of individual nuclear spins with ...

  16. Vermont Application for Individual Section 401 Water Quality...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Application for Individual Section 401 Water Quality Certification Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Form: Vermont Application for Individual...

  17. File:CDPHE Industrial Individual Wastewater Discharge Permit...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    CDPHE Industrial Individual Wastewater Discharge Permit Application.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Metadata File:CDPHE Industrial Individual...

  18. Exhibit A: ENSR Modeling in Support of Individual Unit Operation |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy A: ENSR Modeling in Support of Individual Unit Operation Exhibit A: ENSR Modeling in Support of Individual Unit Operation Docket No. EO-05-01: Exhibit A: ENSR Modeling in Support of Individual Unit Operation, part of Supplement Number 3 to the Operating Plan of Mirant Potomac River, LLC PDF icon Exhibit A: ENSR Modeling in Support of Individual Unit Operation More Documents & Publications Comments on Department of Energy's Emergency Order To Resume Limited Operation

  19. TIAA-CREF Individual Counseling Sessions Fall 2016 | Jefferson Lab

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Fall 2016 TIAA-CREF Individual Counseling Sessions Offered Summer-Fall 2016 TIAA-CREF will be offering Individual Counseling Sessions, where you can discuss your personal financial situation with a TIAA-CREF financial consultant on a confidential basis. They will be available to discuss how to help you achieve your financial goals by investing in financial solutions such as mutual funds, brokerage, life insurance and annuities. This Individual Counseling Session will help you simplify your

  20. Equilibrium magnetic states in individual hemispherical permalloy caps

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    (Journal Article) | SciTech Connect Equilibrium magnetic states in individual hemispherical permalloy caps Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Equilibrium magnetic states in individual hemispherical permalloy caps The magnetization distributions in individual soft magnetic permalloy caps on non-magnetic spherical particles with sizes ranging from 50 to 800 nm are investigated. We experimentally visualize the magnetic structures at the resolution limit of the x-ray magnetic circular

  1. UNFCCC Individual Reviews of GHG Inventories | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search Name UNFCCC Individual Reviews of GHG Inventories AgencyCompany Organization United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change Sector Energy, Land Topics GHG...

  2. Integrating Individual-Based Indices of Contaminant Effects

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Rowe, Christopher L.; Hopkins, William A.; Congdon, Justin D.

    2001-01-01

    Habitat contamination can alter numerous biological processes in individual organisms. Examining multiple individual-level responses in an integrative fashion is necessary to understand how individual health or fitness reflects environmental contamination. Here we provide an example of such an integrated perspective based upon recent studies of an amphibian (the bullfrog, Rana catesbeiana) that experiences several, disparate changes when larval development occurs in a trace element�contaminated habitat. First, we present an overview of studies focused on specific responses of individuals collected from, or transplanted into, a habitat contaminated by coal combustion residues (CCR). These studies have reported morphological, behavioral, and physiological modificationsmore » to individuals chronically interacting with sediments in the CCR-contaminated site. Morphological abnormalities in the oral and tail regions in contaminant-exposed individuals influenced other properties such as grazing, growth, and swimming performance. Behavioral changes in swimming activities and responses to stimuli appear to influence predation risk in the contaminant-exposed population. Significant changes in bioenergetics in the contaminated habitat, evident as abnormally high energetic expenditures for survival (maintenance) costs, may ultimately influence production pathways (growth, energy storage) in individuals. We then present a conceptual model to examine how interactions among the affected systems (morphological, behavioral, physiological) may ultimately bring about more severe effects than would be predicted if the responses were considered in isolation. A complex interplay among simultaneously occurring biological changes emerges in which multiple, sublethal effects ultimately can translate into reductions in larval or juvenile survival, and thus reduced recruitment of juveniles into the population. In systems where individuals are exposed to low concentrations of contaminants for long periods of time, research focused on one or few sublethal responses could substantially underestimate overall effects on individuals. We suggest that investigators adopt a more integrated perspective on contaminant-induced biological changes so that studies of individual-based effects can be better integrated into analyses of mechanisms of population change.« less

  3. Overview of the Storm Water Individual Permit.pdf

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the LANL Storm Water Individual Permit? Poster, Individual Permit for Storm Water, NPDES Permit No. NM0030759 Author(s): Veenis, Steven J. Intended for: Public Purpose: This poster was prepared for the May 2011 Individual Permit for Storm Water (IP) public meeting. The purpose of the meeting was to update the public on implementation of the permit as required under Part 1.I (7) of the IP (National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System Permit No. NM0030759). The poster will be available on Los

  4. Practical method using superposition of individual magnetic fields for

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    initial arrangement of undulator magnets (Journal Article) | SciTech Connect Journal Article: Practical method using superposition of individual magnetic fields for initial arrangement of undulator magnets Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Practical method using superposition of individual magnetic fields for initial arrangement of undulator magnets We have developed a practical method for determining an excellent initial arrangement of magnetic arrays for a pure-magnet Halbach-type

  5. Chemical Characterization of Individual Particles and Residuals of Cloud

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Droplets and Ice Crystals Collected On Board Research Aircraft in the ISDAC 2008 Study (Journal Article) | SciTech Connect Journal Article: Chemical Characterization of Individual Particles and Residuals of Cloud Droplets and Ice Crystals Collected On Board Research Aircraft in the ISDAC 2008 Study Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Chemical Characterization of Individual Particles and Residuals of Cloud Droplets and Ice Crystals Collected On Board Research Aircraft in the ISDAC 2008

  6. Hispanic Heritage Month - Honoring a Heritage and Individual Success |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy Hispanic Heritage Month - Honoring a Heritage and Individual Success Hispanic Heritage Month - Honoring a Heritage and Individual Success October 10, 2012 - 9:59am Addthis Dr. Karina Edmonds, the Department's Technology Transfer Director, speaks with Joan Michelson of Green Connections Radio about women in STEM last July. This week she is receiving a Career Achievement Award from Women of Color Magazine. Dr. Karina Edmonds, the Department's Technology Transfer Director,

  7. Individual and group electronic brainstorming in an industrial setting.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dornburg, Courtney C.; Stevens, Susan Marie; Davidson, George S.; Hendrickson, Stacey M. Langfitt

    2008-05-01

    An experiment was conducted comparing the effectiveness of individual versus group electronic brainstorming in addressing real-world 'wickedly difficult' challenges. Previous laboratory research has engaged small groups of students in answering questions irrelevant to an industrial setting. The current experiment extended this research to larger, real-world employee groups engaged in addressing organization-relevant challenges. Within the present experiment, the data demonstrated that individuals performed at least as well as groups in terms of number of ideas produced and significantly (p < .02) outperformed groups in terms of the quality of those ideas (as measured along the dimensions of originality, feasibility, and effectiveness).

  8. Individually addressable cathodes with integrated focusing stack or detectors

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Thomas, Clarence E.; Baylor, Larry R.; Voelkl, Edgar; Simpson, Michael L.; Paulus, Michael J.; Lowndes, Douglas; Whealton, John; Whitson, John C.; Wilgen, John B.

    2005-07-12

    Systems and method are described for addressable field emission array (AFEA) chips. A plurality of individually addressable cathodes are integrated with an electrostatic focusing stack and/or a plurality of detectors on the addressable field emission array. The systems and methods provide advantages including the avoidance of space-charge blow-up.

  9. Projected Benefits of Individual EERE Programs (primary and secondary)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    2011-11-01

    This collection of data tables shows the benefits metrics related to energy security, environmental impacts, and economic impacts for individual renewable energy technologies in the EERE portfolio. Data are presented for the years 2015, 2020, 2030, and 2050, for both the NEMS and MARKAL models.

  10. Program Benefits of Individual EERE Programs. FY 2010

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None, None

    2011-11-01

    This collection of data tables shows the benefits metrics related to energy security, environmental impacts, and economic impacts for individual renewable energy technologies in the EERE portfolio. Data are presented for the years 2015, 2020, 2030, and 2050, for both the NEMS and MARKAL models.

  11. Contributions to Sustainability by Communities and Individuals: Problems and Prospects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    MacGregor, D.; Tonn, B.E.

    1998-11-01

    This report examines relationships between a comprehensive set of definitions of and viewpoints on the concept of Sustainability and the abilities of communities and individuals in the United States to meet the behavioral prescriptions inherent in these definitions and viewpoints. This research is timely because sustainability is becoming a cornerstone of national and international environmental strategies designed to simultaneously achieve environmental, economic, and social goals. In the United States, many communities have adopted sustainability principles as the foundation for both their environmental protection efforts and their socioeconomic development initiatives. This research is important because it highlights serious problems communities and inviduals may have in achieving sustainability expectations, and illustrates how much work is needed to help communities and individuals overcome numerous considerable and complex constraints to sustainability.

  12. NREL Seeks to Optimize Individual Comfort in Buildings - News Feature |

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    NREL Seeks to Optimize Individual Comfort in Buildings October 7, 2015 Photo shows two people sitting in a white room, holding smartphones in front of laptops. Scott Jensen and Grace Brown were the first volunteers to take part in testing in NREL's Comfort Suite (C-Suite). Photo by Dennis Schroeder On a typical early fall morning in Golden, Colorado, the temperature outside was about 70 degrees Fahrenheit. Tucked inside a unique structure at the Energy Department's National Renewable Energy

  13. Compensated individually addressable array technology for human breast imaging

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lewis, D. Kent

    2003-01-01

    A method of forming broad bandwidth acoustic or microwave beams which encompass array design, array excitation, source signal preprocessing, and received signal postprocessing. This technique uses several different methods to achieve improvement over conventional array systems. These methods are: 1) individually addressable array elements; 2) digital-to-analog converters for the source signals; 3) inverse filtering from source precompensation; and 4) spectral extrapolation to expand the bandwidth of the received signals. The components of the system will be used as follows: 1) The individually addressable array allows scanning around and over an object, such as a human breast, without any moving parts. The elements of the array are broad bandwidth elements and efficient radiators, as well as detectors. 2) Digital-to-analog converters as the source signal generators allow virtually any radiated field to be created in the half-space in front of the array. 3) Preprocessing allows for corrections in the system, most notably in the response of the individual elements and in the ability to increase contrast and resolution of signal propagating through the medium under investigation. 4) Postprocessing allows the received broad bandwidth signals to be expanded in a process similar to analytic continuation. Used together, the system allows for compensation to create beams of any desired shape, control the wave fields generated to correct for medium differences, and improve contract and resolution in and through the medium.

  14. Handbook for preparation of Individual Procurement Action Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1996-10-01

    The Procurement and Assistance Data System (PADS) provides a mechanism for collecting, assembling, organizing, and presenting acquisition and assistance data for the Department of Energy (DOE). This handbook and associated documents establish a uniform system to report acquisition/assistance data to PADS for the collection, processing, and dissemination of official statistical data on the Department`s acquisition and assistance actions. The data provides, based on information available at the time of request, a basis for any recurring and special reports to the senior procurement executive, Congress, General Accounting Office (GAO), Federal executive agencies, Office of management and Budget (OMB), and the general public. It provides information for measuring and assessing the extent to which small business firms and small disadvantages business enterprises are sharing in DOE placement, and for other acquisition and assistance policy and management control purposes. The Handbook for the Preparation of the Individual Procurement Action Report (IPAR) has been designed in two sections; Procurement and Financial Assistance to support the individual forms.

  15. Impact of individual nuclear masses on r-process abundances

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Mumpower, M. R.; Surman, R.; Fang, D. -L.; Beard, M.; Möller, P.; Kawano, T.; Aprahamian, A.

    2015-09-15

    We have performed for the first time a comprehensive study of the sensitivity of r-process nucleosynthesis to individual nuclear masses across the chart of nuclides. Using the latest version (2012) of the Finite-Range Droplet Model, we consider mass variations of ±0.5 MeV and propagate each mass change to all affected quantities, including Q values, reaction rates, and branching ratios. We find such mass variations can result in up to an order of magnitude local change in the final abundance pattern produced in an r-process simulation. As a result, we identify key nuclei whose masses have a substantial impact on abundancemore » predictions for hot, cold, and neutron star merger r-process scenarios and could be measured at future radioactive beam facilities.« less

  16. Simultaneous thermoelectric and optoelectronic characterization of individual nanowires

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Leonard, Francois; Wang, George T.; Swartzentruber, Brian S.; Martinez, Julio A.; Song, Erdong; Li, Qiming

    2015-11-03

    Semiconducting nanowires have been explored for a number of applications in optoelectronics such as photodetectors and solar cells. Currently, there is ample interest in identifying the mechanisms that lead to photoresponse in nanowires in order to improve and optimize performance. However, distinguishing among the different mechanisms, including photovoltaic, photothermoelectric, photoemission, bolometric, and photoconductive, is often difficult using purely optoelectronic measurements. In this work, we present an approach for performing combined and simultaneous thermoelectric and optoelectronic measurements on the same individual nanowire. We apply the approach to GaN/AlGaN core/shell and GaN/AlGaN/GaN core/shell/shell nanowires and demonstrate the photothermoelectric nature of the photocurrentmore » observed at the electrical contacts at zero bias, for above- and below-bandgap illumination. Furthermore, the approach allows for the experimental determination of the temperature rise due to laser illumination, which is often obtained indirectly through modeling. We also show that under bias, both above- and below-bandgap illumination leads to a photoresponse in the channel with signatures of persistent photoconductivity due to photogating. Finally, we reveal the concomitant presence of photothermoelectric and photogating phenomena at the contacts in scanning photocurrent microscopy under bias by using their different temporal response. Furthermore, our approach is applicable to a broad range of nanomaterials to elucidate their fundamental optoelectronic and thermoelectric properties.« less

  17. Simultaneous thermoelectric and optoelectronic characterization of individual nanowires

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leonard, Francois; Wang, George T.; Swartzentruber, Brian S.; Martinez, Julio A.; Song, Erdong; Li, Qiming

    2015-11-03

    Semiconducting nanowires have been explored for a number of applications in optoelectronics such as photodetectors and solar cells. Currently, there is ample interest in identifying the mechanisms that lead to photoresponse in nanowires in order to improve and optimize performance. However, distinguishing among the different mechanisms, including photovoltaic, photothermoelectric, photoemission, bolometric, and photoconductive, is often difficult using purely optoelectronic measurements. In this work, we present an approach for performing combined and simultaneous thermoelectric and optoelectronic measurements on the same individual nanowire. We apply the approach to GaN/AlGaN core/shell and GaN/AlGaN/GaN core/shell/shell nanowires and demonstrate the photothermoelectric nature of the photocurrent observed at the electrical contacts at zero bias, for above- and below-bandgap illumination. Furthermore, the approach allows for the experimental determination of the temperature rise due to laser illumination, which is often obtained indirectly through modeling. We also show that under bias, both above- and below-bandgap illumination leads to a photoresponse in the channel with signatures of persistent photoconductivity due to photogating. Finally, we reveal the concomitant presence of photothermoelectric and photogating phenomena at the contacts in scanning photocurrent microscopy under bias by using their different temporal response. Furthermore, our approach is applicable to a broad range of nanomaterials to elucidate their fundamental optoelectronic and thermoelectric properties.

  18. Diameter dependent thermoelectric properties of individual SnTe nanowires

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xu, E. Z.; Li, Z.; Martinez, J. A.; Sinitsyn, N.; Htoon, H.; Li, Nan; Swartzentruber, B.; Hollingsworth, J. A.; Wang, Jian; Zhang, S. X.

    2015-01-15

    The lead-free compound tin telluride (SnTe) has recently been suggested to be a potentially promising thermoelectric material because of its similar electronic band structure as the well-known lead telluride. Here we report on the first thermoelectric study of individual single crystalline SnTe nanowires (NWs) with different diameters ranging from ~200 to ~1000 nm. Measurements of thermopower S, electrical conductivity σ, and thermal conductivity κ were carried out on the same nanowires over a temperature range of 25 - 300 K. While σ does not show a strong diameter dependence, the thermopower increases by a factor of 2 when the nanowire diameter is decreased from 1000 nm to 200 nm. The thermal conductivities of the measured NWs are only about half of that of the bulk SnTe, which may arise from the enhanced phonon-grain boundary and phonon-defect scatterings. Temperature dependent figure-of-merit ZT was determined and the maximum value at room temperature is ~3 times higher than what was obtained in bulk samples of comparable carrier density.

  19. Real-time individualized training vectors for experiential learning.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Willis, Matt; Tucker, Eilish Marie; Raybourn, Elaine Marie; Glickman, Matthew R.; Fabian, Nathan

    2011-01-01

    Military training utilizing serious games or virtual worlds potentially generate data that can be mined to better understand how trainees learn in experiential exercises. Few data mining approaches for deployed military training games exist. Opportunities exist to collect and analyze these data, as well as to construct a full-history learner model. Outcomes discussed in the present document include results from a quasi-experimental research study on military game-based experiential learning, the deployment of an online game for training evidence collection, and results from a proof-of-concept pilot study on the development of individualized training vectors. This Lab Directed Research & Development (LDRD) project leveraged products within projects, such as Titan (Network Grand Challenge), Real-Time Feedback and Evaluation System, (America's Army Adaptive Thinking and Leadership, DARWARS Ambush! NK), and Dynamic Bayesian Networks to investigate whether machine learning capabilities could perform real-time, in-game similarity vectors of learner performance, toward adaptation of content delivery, and quantitative measurement of experiential learning.

  20. Multifamily Individual Heating and Ventilation Systems, Lawrence, Massachusetts (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2013-11-01

    The conversion of an older Massachusetts building into condominiums illustrates a safe, durable, and cost-effective solution for heating and ventilation systems that can potentially benefit millions of multifamily buildings. Merrimack Valley Habitat for Humanity (MVHfH) partnered with U.S. Department of Energy Building America team Building Science Corporation (BSC) to provide high performance affordable housing for 10 families in the retrofit of an existing mass masonry building (a former convent). The original ventilation design for the project was provided by a local engineer and consisted of a single large heat recovery ventilator (HRV) located in a mechanical room in the basement with a centralized duct system providing supply air to the main living space and exhausting stale air from the single bathroom in each apartment. This design was deemed to be far too costly to install and operate for several reasons: the large central HRV was oversized and the specified flows to each apartment were much higher than the ASHRAE 62.2 rate; an extensive system of ductwork, smoke and fire dampers, and duct chases were specified; ductwork required a significant area of dropped ceilings; and the system lacked individual ventilation control in the apartments

  1. Diameter dependent thermoelectric properties of individual SnTe nanowires

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Xu, E. Z.; Li, Z.; Martinez, J. A.; Sinitsyn, N.; Htoon, H.; Li, Nan; Swartzentruber, B.; Hollingsworth, J. A.; Wang, Jian; Zhang, S. X.

    2015-01-15

    The lead-free compound tin telluride (SnTe) has recently been suggested to be a potentially promising thermoelectric material because of its similar electronic band structure as the well-known lead telluride. Here we report on the first thermoelectric study of individual single crystalline SnTe nanowires (NWs) with different diameters ranging from ~200 to ~1000 nm. Measurements of thermopower S, electrical conductivity σ, and thermal conductivity κ were carried out on the same nanowires over a temperature range of 25 - 300 K. While σ does not show a strong diameter dependence, the thermopower increases by a factor of 2 when the nanowiremore » diameter is decreased from 1000 nm to 200 nm. The thermal conductivities of the measured NWs are only about half of that of the bulk SnTe, which may arise from the enhanced phonon-grain boundary and phonon-defect scatterings. Temperature dependent figure-of-merit ZT was determined and the maximum value at room temperature is ~3 times higher than what was obtained in bulk samples of comparable carrier density.« less

  2. Checklist for Individuals with an Abnormal BeLPT | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Checklist for Individuals with an Abnormal BeLPT Checklist for Individuals with an Abnormal BeLPT This checklist is to assist individuals who have received an abnormal Beryllium Lymphocyte Proliferation Test. The checklist informs these individuals with the steps to take in regards to filing a compensation claim under the Department of Labor-administered Energy Employees Occupational Illness Compensation Program and in scheduling medical monitoring for Chronic Beryllium Disease. PDF icon

  3. TIAA-CREF Individual Counseling Sessions Offered in 2016 | Jefferson Lab

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Offered in 2016 TIAA-CREF Individual Counseling Sessions Offered in 2016 TIAA-CREF will be offering Individual Counseling Sessions, where you can discuss your personal financial situation with a TIAA-CREF financial consultant on a confidential basis. They will be available to discuss how to help you achieve your financial goals by investing in financial solutions such as mutual funds, brokerage, life insurance and annuities. This Individual Counseling Session will help you simplify your

  4. Geothermal Electricity Technology Evaluation Model (GETEM) Individual Case Files and Summary Spreadsheet (GETEM version Spring 2013)

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Hanson, Steven CJ

    This group of files-- 10 GETEM individual case files and 1 summary spreadsheet-- contain final data from the revisions between summer 2011 and spring 2013.

  5. Geothermal Electricity Technology Evaluation Model (GETEM) Individual Case Files and Summary Spreadsheet (GETEM version Spring 2013)

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Hanson, Steven CJ

    2013-03-07

    This group of files-- 10 GETEM individual case files and 1 summary spreadsheet-- contain final data from the revisions between summer 2011 and spring 2013.

  6. Highly selective detection of individual nuclear spins with rotary echo on

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    an electron spin probe (Journal Article) | SciTech Connect Highly selective detection of individual nuclear spins with rotary echo on an electron spin probe Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Highly selective detection of individual nuclear spins with rotary echo on an electron spin probe We consider an electronic spin, such as a nitrogen-vacancy center in diamond, weakly coupled to a large number of nuclear spins, and subjected to the Rabi driving with a periodically alternating

  7. Identification of discriminant proteins through antibody profiling, methods and apparatus for identifying an individual

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Thompson, Vicki S; Lacey, Jeffrey A; Gentillon, Cynthia A; Apel, William A

    2015-03-03

    A method for determining a plurality of proteins for discriminating and positively identifying an individual based from a biological sample. The method may include profiling a biological sample from a plurality of individuals against a protein array including a plurality of proteins. The protein array may include proteins attached to a support in a preselected pattern such that locations of the proteins are known. The biological sample may be contacted with the protein array such that a portion of antibodies in the biological sample reacts with and binds to the proteins forming immune complexes. A statistical analysis method, such as discriminant analysis, may be performed to determine discriminating proteins for distinguishing individuals. Proteins of interest may be used to form a protein array. Such a protein array may be used, for example, to compare a forensic sample from an unknown source with a sample from a known source.

  8. Real-Time Detection Method And System For Identifying Individual Aerosol Particles

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gard, Eric Evan; Fergenson, David Philip

    2005-10-25

    A method and system of identifying individual aerosol particles in real time. Sample aerosol particles are compared against and identified with substantially matching known particle types by producing positive and negative test spectra of an individual aerosol particle using a bipolar single particle mass spectrometer. Each test spectrum is compared to spectra of the same respective polarity in a database of predetermined positive and negative spectra for known particle types and a set of substantially matching spectra is obtained. Finally the identity of the individual aerosol particle is determined from the set of substantially matching spectra by determining a best matching one of the known particle types having both a substantially matching positive spectrum and a substantially matching negative spectrum associated with the best matching known particle type.

  9. Computational model, method, and system for kinetically-tailoring multi-drug chemotherapy for individuals

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gardner, Shea Nicole

    2007-10-23

    A method and system for tailoring treatment regimens to individual patients with diseased cells exhibiting evolution of resistance to such treatments. A mathematical model is provided which models rates of population change of proliferating and quiescent diseased cells using cell kinetics and evolution of resistance of the diseased cells, and pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic models. Cell kinetic parameters are obtained from an individual patient and applied to the mathematical model to solve for a plurality of treatment regimens, each having a quantitative efficacy value associated therewith. A treatment regimen may then be selected from the plurlaity of treatment options based on the efficacy value.

  10. Photoluminescence studies of individual and few GaSb/GaAs quantum rings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Young, M. P.; Woodhead, C. S.; Roberts, J.; Noori, Y. J.; Noble, M. T.; Krier, A.; Hayne, M.; Young, R. J.; Smakman, E. P.; Koenraad, P. M.

    2014-11-15

    We present optical studies of individual and few GaSb quantum rings embedded in a GaAs matrix. Contrary to expectation for type-II confinement, we measure rich spectra containing sharp lines. These lines originate from excitonic recombination and are observed to have resolution-limited full-width at half maximum of 200 ?eV. The detail provided by these measurements allows the characteristic type-II blueshift, observed with increasing excitation power, to be studied at the level of individual nanostructures. These findings are in agreement with hole-charging being the origin of the observed blueshift.

  11. Minimizing the psychological effects of a wartime disaster on an individual

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kentsmith, D.K.

    1980-04-01

    In this paper, the psychological reductions of individuals and groups to a wartime disaster, such as nuclear explosions, are presented. The psychological literature on disasters is discussed. The presentation attempts to emphasize viewing the victims of a disaster as individuals responding in a normal way to an overwhelming experience, rather than labeling them as psychiatric patients. The various phases of a disaster are discussed with particular emphases on the preventive measures and leadership roles which may be taken by the physician. The paper concludes by making specific recommendations regarding the establishment of disaster plans and training programs at each miliary facility.

  12. ARM: Fractional cloud cover, clear-sky and all-sky shortwave flux for each of 25 individual SGP facilities.

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Krista Gaustad; Laura Riihimaki

    1997-01-01

    Fractional cloud cover, clear-sky and all-sky shortwave flux for each of 25 individual SGP facilities.

  13. ARM: Fractional cloud cover, clear-sky and all-sky shortwave flux for each of 25 individual SGP facilities.

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Krista Gaustad; Laura Riihimaki

    Fractional cloud cover, clear-sky and all-sky shortwave flux for each of 25 individual SGP facilities.

  14. Transcriptomic analysis in the developing zebrafish embryo after compound exposure: Individual gene expression and pathway regulation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hermsen, Sanne A.B.; Pronk, Tessa E.; Brandhof, Evert-Jan van den; Ven, Leo T.M. van der; Piersma, Aldert H.

    2013-10-01

    The zebrafish embryotoxicity test is a promising alternative assay for developmental toxicity. Classically, morphological assessment of the embryos is applied to evaluate the effects of compound exposure. However, by applying differential gene expression analysis the sensitivity and predictability of the test may be increased. For defining gene expression signatures of developmental toxicity, we explored the possibility of using gene expression signatures of compound exposures based on commonly expressed individual genes as well as based on regulated gene pathways. Four developmental toxic compounds were tested in concentration-response design, caffeine, carbamazepine, retinoic acid and valproic acid, and two non-embryotoxic compounds, D-mannitol and saccharin, were included. With transcriptomic analyses we were able to identify commonly expressed genes, which were mostly development related, after exposure to the embryotoxicants. We also identified gene pathways regulated by the embryotoxicants, suggestive of their modes of action. Furthermore, whereas pathways may be regulated by all compounds, individual gene expression within these pathways can differ for each compound. Overall, the present study suggests that the use of individual gene expression signatures as well as pathway regulation may be useful starting points for defining gene biomarkers for predicting embryotoxicity. - Highlights: The zebrafish embryotoxicity test in combination with transcriptomics was used. We explored two approaches of defining gene biomarkers for developmental toxicity. Four compounds in concentration-response design were tested. We identified commonly expressed individual genes as well as regulated gene pathways. Both approaches seem suitable starting points for defining gene biomarkers.

  15. SPSP Phase III Recruiting, Selecting, and Developing Secure Power Systems Professionals. Individual and Team Performance Guidelines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    O'Neil, Lori Ross; Conway, T. J.; Tobey, D. H.; Greitzer, Frank L.; Dalton, Angela C.; Pusey, Portia K.

    2015-03-01

    The Secure Power Systems Professional Phase III final report was released last year which an appendix of Individual and Team Performance Guidelines. This new report is that appendix broken out as a standalone document to assist utilities in recruiting and developing Secure Power Systems Professionals at their site.

  16. Unsupervised individual tree crown detection in high-resolution satellite imagery

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Skurikhin, Alexei N.; McDowell, Nate G.; Middleton, Richard S.

    2016-01-26

    Rapidly and accurately detecting individual tree crowns in satellite imagery is a critical need for monitoring and characterizing forest resources. We present a two-stage semiautomated approach for detecting individual tree crowns using high spatial resolution (0.6 m) satellite imagery. First, active contours are used to recognize tree canopy areas in a normalized difference vegetation index image. Given the image areas corresponding to tree canopies, we then identify individual tree crowns as local extrema points in the Laplacian of Gaussian scale-space pyramid. The approach simultaneously detects tree crown centers and estimates tree crown sizes, parameters critical to multiple ecosystem models. Asmore » a demonstration, we used a ground validated, 0.6 m resolution QuickBird image of a sparse forest site. The two-stage approach produced a tree count estimate with an accuracy of 78% for a naturally regenerating forest with irregularly spaced trees, a success rate equivalent to or better than existing approaches. In addition, our approach detects tree canopy areas and individual tree crowns in an unsupervised manner and helps identify overlapping crowns. Furthermore, the method also demonstrates significant potential for further improvement.« less

  17. Enforcement actions: Significant actions resolved individual actions. Semiannual progress report, January 1996--June 1996

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1996-08-01

    This document summarizes significant enforcement actions that have been resolved during the period of January-June 1996. The report includes copies of Orders and Notices of Violations sent by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission to individuals with respect to the enforcement actions.

  18. Visual-SOLAR: Modeling and Visualization of Solar Radiation Potential on Individual Building Rooftops

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    2013-05-01

    We have developed a modeling framework for estimating solar radiation potentials on individual building rooftops that is suitable for utility-scale applications as well as building-specific applications. The framework uses light detection and ranging (LIDAR) data at approximately 1-meter horizontal resolution and 0.3-meter vertical resolution as input for modeling a large number of buildings quickly. One of the strengths of this framework is the ability to parallelize its implementation. Furthermore, the framework accounts for building specificmore » characteristics, such as roof slope, roof aspect, and shadowing effects, that are critical to roof-mounted photovoltaic system. The resulting data has helped us to identify the so-called "solar panel sweet spots" on individual building rooftops and obtain accurate statistics of the variation in solar radiation as a function of time of year and geographical location.« less

  19. Advanced engine management of individual cylinders for control of exhaust species

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Graves, Ronald L [Knoxville, TN; West, Brian H [Knoxville, TN; Huff, Shean P [Knoxville, TN; Parks, II, James E

    2008-12-30

    A method and system controls engine-out exhaust species of a combustion engine having a plurality of cylinders. The method typically includes various combinations of steps such as controlling combustion parameters in individual cylinders, grouping the individual cylinders into a lean set and a rich set of one or more cylinders, combusting the lean set in a lean combustion parameter condition having a lean air:fuel equivalence ratio, combusting the rich set in a rich combustion parameter condition having a rich air:fuel equivalence ratio, and adjusting the lean set and the rich set of one or more cylinders to generate net-lean combustion. The exhaust species may have elevated concentrations of hydrogen and oxygen.

  20. Effect of compression on individual pressure vessel nickel/hydrogen components

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Manzo, M.A.; Perez-Davis, M.E.

    1988-08-01

    Compression tests were performed on representative Individual Pressure Vessel (IPV) Nickel/Hydrogen cell components in an effort to better understand the effects of force on component compression and the interactions of components under compression. It appears that the separator is the most easily compressed of all of the stack components. It will typically partially compress before any of the other components begin to compress. The compression characteristics of the cell components in assembly differed considerably from what would be predicted based on individual compression characteristics. Component interactions played a significant role in the stack response to compression. The results of the compression tests were factored into the design and selection of Belleville washers added to the cell stack to accommodate nickel electrode expansion while keeping the pressure on the stack within a reasonable range of the original preset.

  1. Visual-SOLAR: Modeling and Visualization of Solar Radiation Potential on Individual Building Rooftops

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2013-05-01

    We have developed a modeling framework for estimating solar radiation potentials on individual building rooftops that is suitable for utility-scale applications as well as building-specific applications. The framework uses light detection and ranging (LIDAR) data at approximately 1-meter horizontal resolution and 0.3-meter vertical resolution as input for modeling a large number of buildings quickly. One of the strengths of this framework is the ability to parallelize its implementation. Furthermore, the framework accounts for building specific characteristics, such as roof slope, roof aspect, and shadowing effects, that are critical to roof-mounted photovoltaic system. The resulting data has helped us to identify the so-called "solar panel sweet spots" on individual building rooftops and obtain accurate statistics of the variation in solar radiation as a function of time of year and geographical location.

  2. Comparison of synchrotron x-ray microanalysis with electron and proton microscopy for individual particle analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Janssens, K.H.; van Langevelde, F.; Adams, F.C.; Vis, R.D.; Sutton, S.R.; Rivers, M.L.; Jones, K.W.; Bowen, D.K.

    1991-12-31

    This paper is concerned with the evaluation of the use of synchrotron/radiation induced x-ray fluorescences ({mu}-SRXRF) as implemented at two existing X-ray microprobes for the analysis of individual particles. As representative environmental particulates, National Institutes of Science and Technology (NIST) K227, K309, K441 and K961 glass microspheres were analyzed using two types of X-ray micro probes: the white light microprobe at beamline X26A of the monochromatic (15 keV) X-ray microprobe at station 7.6 of the SRS. For reference, the particles were also analyzed with microanalytical techniques more commonly employed for individual particles analysis such as EPMA and micro-PIXE.

  3. Comparison of synchrotron x-ray microanalysis with electron and proton microscopy for individual particle analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Janssens, K.H.; van Langevelde, F.; Adams, F.C. ); Vis, R.D. ); Sutton, S.R.; Rivers, M.L. ); Jones, K.W. ); Bowen, D.K. )

    1991-01-01

    This paper is concerned with the evaluation of the use of synchrotron/radiation induced x-ray fluorescences ({mu}-SRXRF) as implemented at two existing X-ray microprobes for the analysis of individual particles. As representative environmental particulates, National Institutes of Science and Technology (NIST) K227, K309, K441 and K961 glass microspheres were analyzed using two types of X-ray micro probes: the white light microprobe at beamline X26A of the monochromatic (15 keV) X-ray microprobe at station 7.6 of the SRS. For reference, the particles were also analyzed with microanalytical techniques more commonly employed for individual particles analysis such as EPMA and micro-PIXE.

  4. Crystallography Without Crystals: Determining the Structure of Individual Biological Molecules and Nanoparticles

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Ourmazd, Abbas [University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA

    2010-01-08

    Ever shattered a valuable vase into 10 to the 6th power pieces and tried to reassemble it under a light providing a mean photon count of 10 minus 2 per detector pixel with shot noise? If you can do that, you can do single-molecule crystallography. This talk will outline how this can be done in principle. In more technical terms, the talk will describe how the combination of scattering physics and Bayesian algorithms can be used to reconstruct the 3-D diffracted intensity distribution from a collection of individual 2-D diffiraction patterns down to a mean photon count of 10 minus 2 per pixel, the signal level anticipated from the Linac Coherent Light Source, and hence determine the structure of individual macromolecules and nanoparticles.

  5. Enforcement actions: Significant actions resolved individual actions. Semiannual progress report, January 1997--June 1997

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1997-09-01

    This compilation summarizes significant enforcement actions that have been resolved during the period (January - June 1997) and includes copies of Orders and Notices of Violation sent by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission to individuals with respect to these enforcement actions. It is anticipated that the information in this publication will be widely disseminated to managers and employees engaged in activities licensed by the NRC. The Commission believes this information may be useful to licensees in making employment decisions.

  6. Project 8 Detects Individual Electrons by their Cyclotron Radiation | U.S.

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    DOE Office of Science (SC) Project 8 Detects Individual Electrons by their Cyclotron Radiation Nuclear Physics (NP) NP Home About Research Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of NP Funding Opportunities Nuclear Science Advisory Committee (NSAC) Community Resources Contact Information Nuclear Physics U.S. Department of Energy SC-26/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-3613 F: (301) 903-3833 E: Email Us More Information » 11.01.15 Project 8

  7. ENSURING ACCESS TO FEDERALLY CONDUCTED PROGRAMS AND ACTIVITIES BY INDIVIDUALS WITH LIMITED

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ENSURING ACCESS TO FEDERALLY CONDUCTED PROGRAMS AND ACTIVITIES BY INDIVIDUALS WITH LIMITED ENGLISH PROFICIENCY (LEP) PLAN UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (DOE) OFFICE OF CIVIL RIGHTS AND DIVERSITY INTRODUCTION Executive Order 13166, "Improving Access To Services For Persons With Limited English Proficiency", was issued on August 11, 2000 (65 FR 50121). The Order requires Federal agencies to develop and implement a plan to provide services to those persons with limited English

  8. Enforcement actions: Significant actions resolved individuals actions. Semiannual progress report, July--December 1996

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1997-04-01

    This compilation summarizes significant enforcement actions that have been resolved during the period (July - December 1996) and includes copies of Orders and Notices of Violation sent by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission to individuals with respect to-these enforcement actions. It is anticipated that the information in this publication will be widely disseminated to managers and employees engaged in activities licensed by the NRC. The Commission believes this information may be useful to licensees in making employment decisions.

  9. Beyond single particle mass spectrometry: multidimensional characterisation of individual aerosol particles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zelenyuk, Alla; Imre, D.

    2009-09-10

    The behavior of small aerosol particles depends on a number of their physical and chemical properties, many of which are strongly coupled. The size, internal composition, density, shape, morphology, hygroscopicity, index of refraction, activity as cloud condensation nuclei and ice nuclei, and other attributes of individual particles - all play a role in determining particle properties and their impacts. The traditional particle characterization approaches rely on separate parallel measurements that average over an ensemble of particles of different sizes and/or compositions and later attempt to draw correlations between them. As a result such studies overlook critical differences between particles and bulk and miss the fact that individual particles often exhibit major differences. Here we review the recently developed methods to simultaneously measure in-situ and in real time several of the attributes for individual particles using single particle mass spectrometer, SPLAT or its second generation SPLAT II. We also discuss novel approaches developed for classification, visualization and mining of large datasets produced by the multidimensional single particle characterization.

  10. Dynamic Response of Large Wind Power Plant Affected by Diverse Conditions at Individual Turbines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Elizondo, Marcelo A.; Lu, Shuai; Lin, Guang; Wang, Shaobu

    2014-07-31

    Diverse operating conditions at individual wind turbine generators (WTG) within wind power plants (WPPs) can affect the WPP dynamic response to system faults. For example, individual WTGs can experience diverse terminal voltage and power output caused by different wind direction and speed, affecting the response of protection and control limiters. In this paper, we present a study to investigate the dynamic response of a detailed WPP model under diverse power outputs of its individual WTGs. Wake effect is considered as the reason for diverse power outputs. The diverse WTG power output is evaluated in a test system where a large 168-machine test WPP is connected to the IEEE-39-bus system. The power output from each WTG is derived from a wake effect model that uses realistic statistical data for incoming wind speed and direction. The results show that diverse WTG output due to wake effect can affect the WPP dynamic response activating specialized control in some turbines. In addition, transient stability is affected by exhibiting uncertainty in critical clearing time calculation.

  11. Using handheld plastic scintillator detectors to triage individuals exposed to a radiological dispersal device

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Manger, Ryan P; Hertel, Nolan; Burgett, E.; Ansari, A.

    2011-01-01

    After a radiological dispersal device (RDD) event, people could become internally contaminated by inhaling dispersed radioactive particles. A rapid method to screen individuals who are internally contaminated is desirable. Such initial screening can help in prompt identification of those who are highly contaminated and in prioritizing individuals for further and more definitive evaluation such as laboratory testing. The use of handheld plastic scintillators to rapidly screen those exposed to an RDD with gamma-emitting radionuclides was investigated in this study. The Monte Carlo N-Particle transport code was used to model two commercially available plastic scintillation detectors in conjunction with anthropomorphic phantom models to determine the detector response to inhaled radionuclides. Biokinetic models were used to simulate an inhaled radionuclide and its progression through the anthropomorphic phantoms up to 30 d after intake. The objective of the study was to see if internal contamination levels equivalent to 250 mSv committed effective dose equivalent could be detected using these instruments. Five radionuclides were examined: {sup 60}Co, {sup 137}Cs, {sup 192}Ir, {sup 131}I and {sup 241}Am. The results demonstrate that all of the radionuclides except {sup 241}Am could be detected when placing either one of the two plastic scintillator detector systems on the posterior right torso of the contaminated individuals.

  12. 3D structural fluctuation of IgG1 antibody revealed by individual particle electron tomography

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Zhang, Xing; Zhang, Lei; Tong, Huimin; Peng, Bo; Rames, Matthew J.; Zhang, Shengli; Ren, Gang

    2015-05-05

    Commonly used methods for determining protein structure, including X-ray crystallography and single-particle reconstruction, often provide a single and unique three-dimensional (3D) structure. However, in these methods, the protein dynamics and flexibility/fluctuation remain mostly unknown. Here, we utilized advances in electron tomography (ET) to study the antibody flexibility and fluctuation through structural determination of individual antibody particles rather than averaging multiple antibody particles together. Through individual-particle electron tomography (IPET) 3D reconstruction from negatively-stained ET images, we obtained 120 ab-initio 3D density maps at an intermediate resolution (~1–3 nm) from 120 individual IgG1 antibody particles. Using these maps as a constraint, wemore » derived 120 conformations of the antibody via structural flexible docking of the crystal structure to these maps by targeted molecular dynamics simulations. Statistical analysis of the various conformations disclosed the antibody 3D conformational flexibility through the distribution of its domain distances and orientations. This blueprint approach, if extended to other flexible proteins, may serve as a useful methodology towards understanding protein dynamics and functions.« less

  13. User Instructions for the CiderF Individual Dose Code and Associated Utility Codes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eslinger, Paul W.; Napier, Bruce A.

    2013-08-30

    Historical activities at facilities producing nuclear materials for weapons released radioactivity into the air and water. Past studies in the United States have evaluated the release, atmospheric transport and environmental accumulation of 131I from the nuclear facilities at Hanford in Washington State and the resulting dose to members of the public (Farris et al. 1994). A multi-year dose reconstruction effort (Mokrov et al. 2004) is also being conducted to produce representative dose estimates for members of the public living near Mayak, Russia, from atmospheric releases of 131I at the facilities of the Mayak Production Association. The approach to calculating individual doses to members of the public from historical releases of airborne 131I has the following general steps: Construct estimates of releases 131I to the air from production facilities. Model the transport of 131I in the air and subsequent deposition on the ground and vegetation. Model the accumulation of 131I in soil, water and food products (environmental media). Calculate the dose for an individual by matching the appropriate lifestyle and consumption data for the individual to the concentrations of 131I in environmental media at their residence location. A number of computer codes were developed to facilitate the study of airborne 131I emissions at Hanford. The RATCHET code modeled movement of 131I in the atmosphere (Ramsdell Jr. et al. 1994). The DECARTES code modeled accumulation of 131I in environmental media (Miley et al. 1994). The CIDER computer code estimated annual doses to individuals (Eslinger et al. 1994) using the equations and parameters specific to Hanford (Snyder et al. 1994). Several of the computer codes developed to model 131I releases from Hanford are general enough to be used for other facilities. This document provides user instructions for computer codes calculating doses to members of the public from atmospheric 131I that have two major differences from the Hanford modeling sequence. First, the air transport code HYSPLIT (Draxler et al. 2012) is used instead of the RATCHET code. Second, the new individual dose code CiderF replaces the older CIDER code and five auxiliary codes.

  14. Individual Radiation Protection Monitoring in the Marshall Islands. Utrok Atoll (2010-2012)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hamilton, T. F.; Kehl, S. R.; Martinelli, R. E.; Hickman, R. E.; Hickman, D. P.; Tumey, S. J.; Brown, T. A.; Langston, R. G.; Tamblin, M. W.; Tibon, S.; Chee, L.; Aisek, Jr., A.; DeDrum, Z.; Mettao, M.; Henson, J.

    2014-12-15

    As a hard copy supplement to the Marshall Islands Program website (https://marshallislands.llnl.gov), this document provides an overview of the individual radiological surveillance monitoring program established in support of residents of Utrōk Atoll and nonresident citizens of the Utrōk Atoll population group, along with full disclosure of verified measurement data (2010-2012). The Utrōk Atoll Whole Body Counting Facility has been temporarily stationed on Majuro Atoll and, in cooperation with the Utrōk Atoll Local Government, serves as a national radiological facility open to the general public.

  15. How to Use the DOE Data ID Service: For Individual Lab Researchers | OSTI,

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Information Individual Lab Researchers DataCite | Contact DOE Data ID Service Call or email your organization's Scientific and Technical Information (STI) Manager. Explain your need to submit a dataset to support a publication and/or to receive a DOI. Ask if your lab has been assigned a unique DOI prefix. The answer should be "yes." If it is not, the STI Manager will need to contact OSTI to obtain a prefix and then get back to

  16. How individual traces and interactive timelines could support outage execution - Toward an outage historian concept

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Parfouru, S.; De-Beler, N.

    2012-07-01

    In the context of a project that is designing innovative ICT-based solutions for the organizational concept of outage management, we focus on the informational process of the OCR (Outage Control Room) underlying the execution of the outages. Informational process are based on structured and unstructured documents that have a key role in the collaborative processes and management of the outage. We especially track the structured and unstructured documents, electronically or not, from creation to sharing. Our analysis allows us to consider that the individual traces produced by an individual participant with a specific role could be multi-purpose and support sharing between participants without creating duplication of work. The ultimate goal is to be able to generate an outage historian, that is not just focused on highly structured information, which could be useful to improve the continuity of information between participants. We study the implementation of this approach through web technologies and social media tools to address this issue. We also investigate the issue of data access through interactive visualization timelines coupled with other modality's to assist users in the navigation and exploration of the proposed historian. (authors)

  17. Raman Spectroscopy of DNA Packaging in Individual Human Sperm Cells distinguishes Normal from Abnormal Cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huser, T; Orme, C; Hollars, C; Corzett, M; Balhorn, R

    2009-03-09

    Healthy human males produce sperm cells of which about 25-40% have abnormal head shapes. Increases in the percentage of sperm exhibiting aberrant sperm head morphologies have been correlated with male infertility, and biochemical studies of pooled sperm have suggested that sperm with abnormal shape may contain DNA that has not been properly repackaged by protamine during spermatid development. We have used micro-Raman spectroscopy to obtain Raman spectra from individual human sperm cells and examined how differences in the Raman spectra of sperm chromatin correlate with cell shape. We show that Raman spectra of individual sperm cells contain vibrational marker modes that can be used to assess the efficiency of DNA-packaging for each cell. Raman spectra obtained from sperm cells with normal shape provide evidence that DNA in these sperm is very efficiently packaged. We find, however, that the relative protein content per cell and DNA packaging efficiencies are distributed over a relatively wide range for sperm cells with both normal and abnormal shape. These findings indicate that single cell Raman spectroscopy should be a valuable tool in assessing the quality of sperm cells for in-vitro fertilization.

  18. Field Testing of Linear Individual Pitch Control on the Two-Bladed Controls Advanced Research Turbine

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    van Solingen, Edwin; Fleming, Paul A.; Scholbrock, Andrew; van Wingerden, Jan-Willem

    2016-03-01

    This paper presents the results of field tests using linear individual pitch control (LIPC) on the two-bladed Controls Advanced Research Turbine 2 (CART2) at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). LIPC has recently been introduced as an alternative to the conventional individual pitch control (IPC) strategy for two-bladed wind turbines. The main advantage of LIPC over conventional IPC is that it requires, at most, only two feedback loops to potentially reduce the periodic blade loads. In previous work, LIPC was designed to implement blade pitch angles at a fixed frequency (e.g., the once-per-revolution (1P) frequency), which made it only applicablemore » in above-rated wind turbine operating conditions. In this study, LIPC is extended to below-rated operating conditions by gain scheduling the controller on the rotor speed. With this extension, LIPC and conventional IPC are successfully applied to the NREL CART2 wind turbine. The field-test results obtained during the measurement campaign indicate that LIPC significantly reduces the wind turbine loads for both below-rated and above-rated operation.« less

  19. A method for estimating occupational radiation dose to individuals, using weekly dosimetry data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mitchell, T.J.; Ostrouchov, G.; Frome, E.L.; Kerr, G.D.

    1993-12-01

    Statistical analyses of data from epidemiologic studies of workers exposed to radiation have been based on recorded annual radiation doses. It is usually assumed that the annual dose values are known exactly, although it is generally recognized that the data contain uncertainty due to measurement error and bias. We propose the use of a probability distribution to describe an individual`s dose during a specific period of time. Statistical methods for estimating this dose distribution are developed. The methods take into account the ``measurement error`` that is produced by the dosimetry system, and the bias that was introduced by policies that lead to right censoring of small doses as zero. The method is applied to a sample of dose histories obtained from hard copy dosimetry records at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). The result of this evaluation raises serious questions about the validity of the historical personnel dosimetry data that is currently being used in low-dose studies of nuclear industry workers. In particular, it appears that there was a systematic underestimation of doses for ORNL workers. This could result in biased estimates of dose-response coefficients and their standard errors.

  20. Upper limits on the total cosmic-ray luminosity of individual sources

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anjos, R.C.; De Souza, V.; Supanitsky, A.D. E-mail: vitor@ifsc.usp.br

    2014-07-01

    In this paper, upper limits on the total luminosity of ultra-high-energy cosmic-rays (UHECR) E>10{sup 18} eV) are determined for five individual sources. The upper limit on the integral flux of GeV--TeV gamma-rays is used to extract the upper limit on the total UHECR luminosity of individual sources. The correlation between upper limit on the integral GeV--TeV gamma-ray flux and upper limit on the UHECR luminosity is established through the cascading process that takes place during propagation of the cosmic rays in the background radiation fields, as explained in reference [1]. Twenty-eight sources measured by FERMI-LAT, VERITAS and MAGIC observatories have been studied. The measured upper limit on the GeV--TeV gamma-ray flux is restrictive enough to allow the calculation of an upper limit on the total UHECR cosmic-ray luminosity of five sources. The upper limit on the UHECR cosmic-ray luminosity of these sources is shown for several assumptions on the emission mechanism. For all studied sources an upper limit on the ultra-high-energy proton luminosity is also set.

  1. RECONSTRUCTION OF INDIVIDUAL DOSES DUE TO MEDICAL EXPOSURES FOR MEMBERS OF THE TECHA RIVER COHORT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shagina, N. B.; Golikov, V.; Degteva, M. O.; Vorobiova, M. I.; Anspaugh, L. R.; Napier, Bruce A.

    2012-11-01

    Purpose: To describe a methodology for reconstruction of doses due to medical exposures for members of the Techa River Cohort (TRC) who received diagnostic radiation at the clinic of the Urals Research Center for Radiation Medicine (URCRM) in 19522005. To calculate doses of medical exposure for the TRC members and compare with the doses that resulted from radioactive contamination of the Techa River. Material and Methods: Reconstruction of individual medical doses is based on data on x-ray diagnostic procedures available for each person examined at the URCRM clinics and values of absorbed dose in 12 organs per typical x-ray procedure calculated with the use of a mathematical phantom. Personal data on x-ray diagnostic examinations have been complied in the computerized Registry of x-ray diagnostic procedures. Sources of information are archival registry books from the URCRM x-ray room (available since 1956) and records on x-ray diagnostic procedures in patient-case histories (since 1952). The absorbed doses for 12 organs of interest have been evaluated per unit typical x-ray procedure with account taken of the x-ray examination parameters characteristic for the diagnostic machines used at the URCRM clinics. These parameters have been evaluated from published data on technical characteristics of the x-ray diagnostic machines used at the URCRM clinics in 19521988 and taken from the x-ray room for machines used at the URCRM in 19892005. Absorbed doses in the 12 organs per unit typical x-ray procedure have been calculated with use of a special computer code, EDEREX, developed at the Saint-Petersburg Research Institute of Radiation Hygiene after Professor P.V. Ramzaev. Individual accumulated doses of medical exposure have been calculated with a computer code, MEDS (Medical Exposure Dosimetry System), specifically developed at the URCRM. Results: At present, the Registry of x-ray diagnostic procedures contains information on individual x-ray examinations for over 9,500 persons including 6,415 TRC members. Statistical analysis of the Registry data showed that the more frequent types of examinations were fluoroscopy and radiography of the chest and fluoroscopy of the stomach and the esophagus. Average absorbed doses accumulated by year 2005 calculated for the 12 organs varied from 4 mGy for testes to 40 mGy for bone surfaces. Maximum individual medical doses could reach 500650 mGy and in some cases exceeded doses from exposure at the Techa River. Conclusions: For the first time the doses of medical exposure were calculated and analyzed for members of the Techa River Cohort who received diagnostic radiation at the URCRM clinics. These results are being used in radiation-risk analysis to adjust for this source of confounding exposure in the TRC.

  2. Nanomanipulation and nanofabrication with multi-probe STM: From individual atoms to nanowires

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Qin, Shengyong; Kim, Tae Hwan; Wang, Zhouhang; Li, An-Ping

    2012-01-01

    The wide variety of nanoscale structures and devices demands novel tools for handling, assembly, and fabrication at nanoscopic positioning precision. The manipulation tools should allow for in situ characterization and testing of fundamental building blocks, such as nanotubes and nanowires, as they are built into functional devices. In this paper, a bottom-up technique for nanomanipulation and nanofabrication is reported by using a 4-probe scanning tunneling microscope (STM) combined with a scanning electron microscope (SEM). The applications of this technique are demonstrated in a variety of nanosystems, from manipulating individual atoms to bending, cutting, breaking carbon nanofibers, and constructing nanodevices for electrical characterizations. The combination of the wide field of view of SEM, the atomic position resolution of STM, and the flexibility of multiple scanning probes is expected to be a valuable tool for rapid prototyping in the nanoscience and nanotechnology.

  3. Real-time detection method and system for identifying individual aerosol particles

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gard, Eric E. (San Francisco, CA); Coffee, Keith R. (Patterson, CA); Frank, Matthias (Oakland, CA); Tobias, Herbert J. (Kensington, CA); Fergenson, David P. (Alamo, CA); Madden, Norm (Livermore, CA); Riot, Vincent J. (Berkeley, CA); Steele, Paul T. (Livermore, CA); Woods, Bruce W. (Livermore, CA)

    2007-08-21

    An improved method and system of identifying individual aerosol particles in real time. Sample aerosol particles are collimated, tracked, and screened to determine which ones qualify for mass spectrometric analysis based on predetermined qualification or selection criteria. Screening techniques include one or more of determining particle size, shape, symmetry, and fluorescence. Only qualifying particles passing all screening criteria are subject to desorption/ionization and single particle mass spectrometry to produce corresponding test spectra, which is used to determine the identities of each of the qualifying aerosol particles by comparing the test spectra against predetermined spectra for known particle types. In this manner, activation cycling of a particle ablation laser of a single particle mass spectrometer is reduced.

  4. Impact of individual nuclear masses on r-process abundances

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mumpower, M. R.; Surman, R.; Fang, D. -L.; Beard, M.; Möller, P.; Kawano, T.; Aprahamian, A.

    2015-09-15

    We have performed for the first time a comprehensive study of the sensitivity of r-process nucleosynthesis to individual nuclear masses across the chart of nuclides. Using the latest version (2012) of the Finite-Range Droplet Model, we consider mass variations of ±0.5 MeV and propagate each mass change to all affected quantities, including Q values, reaction rates, and branching ratios. We find such mass variations can result in up to an order of magnitude local change in the final abundance pattern produced in an r-process simulation. As a result, we identify key nuclei whose masses have a substantial impact on abundance predictions for hot, cold, and neutron star merger r-process scenarios and could be measured at future radioactive beam facilities.

  5. Individual Radiation Protection Monitoring in the Marshall Islands: Enewetak Atoll (2002-2004)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hamilton, T F; Kehl, S; Hickman, D; Brown, T; Marchetti, A A; Martinelli, R; Johannes, K; Henry, D

    2006-01-17

    The United States Department of Energy (U.S. DOE) has recently implemented a series of strategic initiatives to address long-term radiological surveillance needs at former U.S. nuclear test sites in the Marshall Islands. The plan is to engage local atoll communities in developing shared responsibilities for implementing radiation protection monitoring programs for resettled and resettling populations in the northern Marshall Islands. Using the pooled resources of the U.S. DOE and local atoll governments, individual radiological surveillance programs have been developed in whole body counting and plutonium urinalysis in order to accurately assess radiation doses resulting from the ingestion and uptake of fallout radionuclides contained in locally grown foods. Permanent whole body counting facilities have been established at three separate locations in the Marshall Islands including Enewetak Island (Figure 1) (Bell et al., 2002). These facilities are operated and maintained by Marshallese technicians with scientists from the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) providing on-going technical support services. Bioassay samples are collected under controlled conditions and analyzed for plutonium isotopes at the Center for Accelerator Mass Spectrometry at LLNL using state-of-the art measurement technologies. We also conduct an on-going environmental monitoring and characterization program at selected sites in the northern Marshall Islands. The aim of the environmental program is to determine the level and distribution of important fallout radionuclides in soil, water and local foods with a view towards providing more accurate and updated dose assessments, incorporating knowledge of the unique behaviors and exposure pathways of fallout radionuclides in coral atoll ecosystems. These scientific studies have also been essential in helping guide the development of remedial options used in support of island resettlement. Together, the individual and environmental radiological surveillance programs are helping meet the informational needs of the U.S. DOE and the Republic of the Marshall Islands. Our updated environmental assessments provide a strong scientific basis for predicting future change in exposure conditions especially in relation to changes in lifestyle, diet and/or land-use patterns. This information has important implications in addressing questions about existing (and future) radiological conditions on the islands, in determining the cost and estimating the effectiveness of potential remedial measures, and in general policy support considerations. Perhaps most importantly, the recently established individual radiological surveillance programs provide affected atoll communities with an unprecedented level of radiation protection monitoring where, for the first time, local resources are being made available to monitor resettled and resettling populations on a continuous basis. As a hard copy supplement to Marshall Islands Program website (http://eed.llnl.gov/mi/), this document provides an overview of the individual radiation protection monitoring program established for the Enewetak Atoll population group along with a full disclosure of all verified measurement data (2002-2004). Readers are advised that an additional feature of the associated web site is a provision where users are able calculate and track doses delivered to volunteers (de-identified information only) participating in the Marshall Islands Radiological Surveillance Program.

  6. Simulating variable source problems via post processing of individual particle tallies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bleuel, D.L.; Donahue, R.J.; Ludewigt, B.A.; Vujic, J.

    2000-10-20

    Monte Carlo is an extremely powerful method of simulating complex, three dimensional environments without excessive problem simplification. However, it is often time consuming to simulate models in which the source can be highly varied. Similarly difficult are optimization studies involving sources in which many input parameters are variable, such as particle energy, angle, and spatial distribution. Such studies are often approached using brute force methods or intelligent guesswork. One field in which these problems are often encountered is accelerator-driven Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT) for the treatment of cancers. Solving the reverse problem of determining the best neutron source for optimal BNCT treatment can be accomplished by separating the time-consuming particle-tracking process of a full Monte Carlo simulation from the calculation of the source weighting factors which is typically performed at the beginning of a Monte Carlo simulation. By post-processing these weighting factors on a recorded file of individual particle tally information, the effect of changing source variables can be realized in a matter of seconds, instead of requiring hours or days for additional complete simulations. By intelligent source biasing, any number of different source distributions can be calculated quickly from a single Monte Carlo simulation. The source description can be treated as variable and the effect of changing multiple interdependent source variables on the problem's solution can be determined. Though the focus of this study is on BNCT applications, this procedure may be applicable to any problem that involves a variable source.

  7. Method of validating measurement data of a process parameter from a plurality of individual sensor inputs

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Scarola, Kenneth; Jamison, David S.; Manazir, Richard M.; Rescorl, Robert L.; Harmon, Daryl L.

    1998-01-01

    A method for generating a validated measurement of a process parameter at a point in time by using a plurality of individual sensor inputs from a scan of said sensors at said point in time. The sensor inputs from said scan are stored and a first validation pass is initiated by computing an initial average of all stored sensor inputs. Each sensor input is deviation checked by comparing each input including a preset tolerance against the initial average input. If the first deviation check is unsatisfactory, the sensor which produced the unsatisfactory input is flagged as suspect. It is then determined whether at least two of the inputs have not been flagged as suspect and are therefore considered good inputs. If two or more inputs are good, a second validation pass is initiated by computing a second average of all the good sensor inputs, and deviation checking the good inputs by comparing each good input including a present tolerance against the second average. If the second deviation check is satisfactory, the second average is displayed as the validated measurement and the suspect sensor as flagged as bad. A validation fault occurs if at least two inputs are not considered good, or if the second deviation check is not satisfactory. In the latter situation the inputs from each of all the sensors are compared against the last validated measurement and the value from the sensor input that deviates the least from the last valid measurement is displayed.

  8. Backyard waste management - problems and benefits of individuals managing their solid waste at home

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Whalen, M.

    1995-05-01

    The problems and benefits of individuals managing their solid wastes at home are surveyed. The survey indicates that as the population rises people tend to burn only the combustible portions of their waste. Some communities have limited ordinances that ban the burning of raw garbage, but other municipalities allow residents to burn all of their wastestream, even though some materials are not combustible and cannot be burned. Potential environmental effects involve both the ash residue and the air emissions. While selected burning can reduce some of the environmental hazards these would probably only be marginally less than the impacts of burning it all. The study clearly indicates that the environmental problems of burn barrels are not insignificant. However, the attitudes and motivations of those who burn waste will have to be addressed by the communities that attempt or should attempt to control this problem. These include: avoidance of waste collection costs; availability of trash cartage services; and habit. Habit is probably as strong a motivation as cost avoidance and ease of collection combined. Residents have often burned trash for several generations and regard the practice as a {open_quotes}god-given right.{close_quotes}

  9. The 3D-architecture of individual free silver nanoparticles captured by X-ray scattering

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Barke, Ingo; Hartmann, Hannes; Rupp, Daniela; Flückiger, Leonie; Sauppe, Mario; Adolph, Marcus; Schorb, Sebastian; Bostedt, Christoph; Treusch, Rolf; Peltz, Christian; et al

    2015-02-04

    The diversity of nanoparticle shapes generated by condensation from gaseous matter reflects the fundamental competition between thermodynamic equilibration and the persistence of metastable configurations during growth. In the kinetically limited regime, intermediate geometries that are favoured only in early formation stages can be imprinted in the finally observed ensemble of differently structured specimens. Here we demonstrate that single-shot wide-angle scattering of femtosecond soft X-ray free-electron laser pulses allows three-dimensional characterization of the resulting metastable nanoparticle structures. For individual free silver particles, which can be considered frozen in space for the duration of photon exposure, both shape and orientation are uncoveredmore » from measured scattering images. We identify regular shapes, including species with fivefold symmetry and surprisingly large aspect ratio up to particle radii of the order of 100 nm. Our approach includes scattering effects beyond Born’s approximation and is remarkably efficient—opening up new routes in ultrafast nanophysics and free-electron laser science« less

  10. Spatially Resolved Mapping of Electrical Conductivity around Individual Domain (Grain) Boundaries in Graphene

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, An-Ping [ORNL; Clark, Kendal W [ORNL; Zhang, Xiaoguang [ORNL; Vlassiouk, Ivan V [ORNL; He, Guowei [Carnegie Mellon University (CMU); Feenstra, Randall [Carnegie Mellon University (CMU)

    2013-01-01

    Graphene films can now be produced on the scale of up to meters. However, all large-scale graphene films contain topological defects that can significantly affect the characteristic transport behaviors of graphene. Here, we spatially map the structures and electronic transport near specific domain and grain boundaries in graphene, and evaluate effects of different types of defect on the electronic conductivity in epitaxial graphene grown on SiC and CVD graphene on Cu subsequently transferred to a SiO2 substrate. We use a combined approach with a multi-probe scanning tunneling potentiometry to investigate both structures and transport at individual grain boundaries and domain boundaries that are defined by coalesced grains, surface steps, and changes in layer thickness. It is found that the substrate step on SiC presents a significant potential barrier for electron transport of epitaxial graphene due to the reduced charge transport from the substrate at the step edges, monolayer-bilayer boundaries exhibit a high resistivity that can change depending on directions of the current across the boundary, and the resistivity of grain boundaries changes with the transition width of the disordered region between two adjacent grains in graphene. The detailed understanding of graphene defects will provide the feedback for controlled engineering of defects in large-scale graphene films.

  11. Individual Radiation Protection Monitoring in the Marshall Islands: Enewetak Island Resettlement Support (May-December 2001)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hamilton, T; Hickman, D; Conrado, C; Brown, T; Brunk, J; Marchetti, A; Cox, C; Martinelli, R; Kehl, S; Johannes, K; Henry, D; Bell, R T; Petersen, G

    2002-06-01

    The US Department of Energy (DOE) has recently implemented a series of strategic initiatives to address long-term radiological surveillance needs at former US test sites in the Marshall Islands. The plan is to engage local atoll communities in developing shared responsibilities for implementing radiation protection programs for resettled and resettling populations. Using pooled resources of the US Department of Energy and local atoll governments, individual radiation protection programs have been developed in whole-body counting and plutonium urinalysis to assess potential intakes of radionuclides from residual fallout contamination. The whole-body counting systems are operated and maintained by Marshallese technicians. Samples of urine are collected from resettlement workers and island residents under controlled conditions and analyzed for plutonium isotopes at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory using advanced accelerator based measurement technologies. This web site provides an overview of the methodologies, a full disclosure of the measurement data, and a yearly assessment of estimated radiation doses to resettlement workers and island residents.

  12. The 3D-architecture of individual free silver nanoparticles captured by X-ray scattering

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barke, Ingo; Hartmann, Hannes; Rupp, Daniela; Flckiger, Leonie; Sauppe, Mario; Adolph, Marcus; Schorb, Sebastian; Bostedt, Christoph; Treusch, Rolf; Peltz, Christian; Bartling, Stephan; Fennel, Thomas; Meiwes-Broer, Karl-Heinz; Mller, Thomas

    2015-02-04

    The diversity of nanoparticle shapes generated by condensation from gaseous matter reflects the fundamental competition between thermodynamic equilibration and the persistence of metastable configurations during growth. In the kinetically limited regime, intermediate geometries that are favoured only in early formation stages can be imprinted in the finally observed ensemble of differently structured specimens. Here we demonstrate that single-shot wide-angle scattering of femtosecond soft X-ray free-electron laser pulses allows three-dimensional characterization of the resulting metastable nanoparticle structures. For individual free silver particles, which can be considered frozen in space for the duration of photon exposure, both shape and orientation are uncovered from measured scattering images. We identify regular shapes, including species with fivefold symmetry and surprisingly large aspect ratio up to particle radii of the order of 100 nm. Our approach includes scattering effects beyond Borns approximation and is remarkably efficientopening up new routes in ultrafast nanophysics and free-electron laser science

  13. Framework for Risk Analysis in Multimedia Environmental Systems: Modeling Individual Steps of a Risk Assessment Process

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shah, Anuj; Castleton, Karl J.; Hoopes, Bonnie L.

    2004-06-01

    The study of the release and effects of chemicals in the environment and their associated risks to humans is central to public and private decision making. FRAMES 1.X, Framework for Risk Analysis in Multimedia Environmental Systems, is a systems modeling software platform, developed by PNNL, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, that helps scientists study the release and effects of chemicals on a source to outcome basis, create environmental models for similar risk assessment and management problems. The unique aspect of FRAMES is to dynamically introduce software modules representing individual components of a risk assessment (e.g., source release of contaminants, fate and transport in various environmental media, exposure, etc.) within a software framework, manipulate their attributes and run simulations to obtain results. This paper outlines the fundamental constituents of FRAMES 2.X, an enhanced version of FRAMES 1.X, that greatly improve the ability of the module developers to “plug” their self-developed software modules into the system. The basic design, the underlying principles and a discussion of the guidelines for module developers are presented.

  14. Impacts of individual fish movement patterns on estimates of mortality due to dissolved gas supersaturation in the Columbia River Basin.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scheibe, Timothy D.; Richmond, Marshall C.; Fidler, Larry E.

    2002-12-31

    Spatial and temporal distributions of dissolved gases in the Columbia and Snake rivers vary due to many factors including river channel and dam geometries, operational decisions, and natural variations in flow rates. As a result, the dissolved gas exposure histories experienced by migrating juvenile salmonids can vary significantly among individual fish. A discrete, particle-based model of individual fish movements and dissolved gas exposure history has been developed and applied to examine the effects of such variability on estimates of fish mortality. The model, called the Fish Individual-based Numerical Simulator or FINS, is linked to a two-dimensional (vertically-averaged) hydrodynamic simulator that quantifies local water velocity, temperature, and dissolved gas levels as a function of river flow rates and dam operations. Simulated gas exposure histories are then input to biological mortality models to predict the effects of various river configurations on fish injury and mortality due to dissolved gas supersaturation. This model framework provides a critical linkage between hydrodynamic models of the river system and models of biological effects. FINS model parameters were estimated and validated based on observations of individual fish movements collected using radiotelemetry methods during 1997 and 1998. The model was then used to simulate exposure histories under selected operational scenarios. We compare mortality rates estimated using the FINS model approach (incorporating individual behavior and spatial and temporal variability) to those estimated using average exposure times and levels as is done in traditional lumped-parameter model approaches.

  15. MEASURING TRANSIT SIGNAL RECOVERY IN THE KEPLER PIPELINE. I. INDIVIDUAL EVENTS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Christiansen, Jessie L.; Clarke, Bruce D.; Burke, Christopher J.; Jenkins, Jon M.; Haas, Michael R.; Seader, Shawn; Smith, Jeffrey Claiborne; Tenenbaum, Peter; Twicken, Joseph D.; Thompson, Susan E.; Sabale, Anima; Uddin, Akm Kamal

    2013-08-15

    The Kepler mission was designed to measure the frequency of Earth-size planets in the habitable zone of Sun-like stars. A crucial component for recovering the underlying planet population from a sample of detected planets is understanding the completeness of that sample-the fraction of the planets that could have been discovered in a given data set that actually were detected. Here, we outline the information required to determine the sample completeness, and describe an experiment to address a specific aspect of that question, i.e., the issue of transit signal recovery. We investigate the extent to which the Kepler pipeline preserves individual transit signals by injecting simulated transits into the pixel-level data, processing the modified pixels through the pipeline, and comparing the measured transit signal-to-noise ratio (S/N) to that expected without perturbation by the pipeline. We inject simulated transit signals across the full focal plane for a set of observations for a duration of 89 days. On average, we find that the S/N of the injected signal is recovered at MS = 0.9973({+-} 0.0012) Multiplication-Sign BS - 0.0151({+-} 0.0049), where MS is the measured S/N and BS is the baseline, or expected, S/N. The 1{sigma} width of the distribution around this correlation is {+-}2.64%. This indicates an extremely high fidelity in reproducing the expected detection statistics for single transit events, and provides teams performing their own periodic transit searches the confidence that there is no systematic reduction in transit signal strength introduced by the pipeline. We discuss the pipeline processes that cause the measured S/N to deviate significantly from the baseline S/N for a small fraction of targets; these are primarily the handling of data adjacent to spacecraft re-pointings and the removal of harmonics prior to the measurement of the S/N. Finally, we outline the further work required to characterize the completeness of the Kepler pipeline.

  16. Measuring inside damage of individual multi-walled carbon nanotubes using scanning transmission X-ray microscopy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, Jinyin; Bai, Lili; Zhao, Guanqi; Sun, Xuhui E-mail: jzhong@suda.edu.cn; Zhong, Jun E-mail: jzhong@suda.edu.cn; Wang, Jian

    2014-06-16

    The electronic structure of individual multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) has been probed using scanning transmission X-ray microscopy (STXM). Although transmission electron microscope (TEM) images show that the exterior of the MWCNTs are clean and straight; the inside structure of some of the MWCNTs is much less well ordered, as revealed by STXM. The amorphization of the interior tubes can be introduced in the growth or modification processes. Moreover, TEM measurement with high dose may also lead to the inside damage. Our results reveal that the structure of individual MWCNTs can be complex and suggest that electronic structure measurements are an important tool for characterizing carbon nanomaterials.

  17. Full elastic strain and stress tensor measurements from individual dislocation cells in copper through-Si vias

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Levine, Lyle E.; Okoro, Chukwudi A.; Xu, Ruqing

    2015-09-30

    We report non-destructive measurements of the full elastic strain and stress tensors from individual dislocation cells distributed along the full extent of a 50 mm-long polycrystalline copper via in Si is reported. Determining all of the components of these tensors from sub-micrometre regions within deformed metals presents considerable challenges. The primary issues are ensuring that different diffraction peaks originate from the same sample volume and that accurate determination is made of the peak positions from plastically deformed samples. For these measurements, three widely separated reflections were examined from selected, individual grains along the via. The lattice spacings and peak positionsmore » were measured for multiple dislocation cell interiors within each grain and the cell-interior peaks were sorted out using the measured included angles. A comprehensive uncertainty analysis using a Monte Carlo uncertainty algorithm provided uncertainties for the elastic strain tensor and stress tensor components.« less

  18. Full elastic strain and stress tensor measurements from individual dislocation cells in copper through-Si vias

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Levine, Lyle E.; Okoro, Chukwudi A.; Xu, Ruqing

    2015-09-30

    We report non-destructive measurements of the full elastic strain and stress tensors from individual dislocation cells distributed along the full extent of a 50 mm-long polycrystalline copper via in Si is reported. Determining all of the components of these tensors from sub-micrometre regions within deformed metals presents considerable challenges. The primary issues are ensuring that different diffraction peaks originate from the same sample volume and that accurate determination is made of the peak positions from plastically deformed samples. For these measurements, three widely separated reflections were examined from selected, individual grains along the via. The lattice spacings and peak positions were measured for multiple dislocation cell interiors within each grain and the cell-interior peaks were sorted out using the measured included angles. A comprehensive uncertainty analysis using a Monte Carlo uncertainty algorithm provided uncertainties for the elastic strain tensor and stress tensor components.

  19. Impact of solvent for individual steps of phenol hydrodeoxygenation with Pd/C and HZSM-5 as catalysts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    He, Jiayue; Zhao, Chen; Lercher, Johannes A.

    2014-01-01

    Impacts of water, methanol, and hexadecane solvents on the individual steps of phenol hydrodeoxygenation are investigated over Pd/C and HZSM-5 catalyst components at 473 Kin presence of H-2. Hydrodeoxygenation of phenol to cyclohexane includes four individual steps of phenol hydrogenation to cyclohexanone on Pd/C, cyclohexanone hydrogenation to cyclohexanol on Pd/C, cyclohexanol dehydration to cyclohexene on HZSM-5, and cyclohexene hydrogenation to cyclohexane on Pd/C. Individual phenol and cyclohexanone hydrogenation rates are much lower in methanol and hexadecane than in water, while rates of cyclohexanol dehydration and cyclohexene hydrogenation are similar in three solvents. The slow rate in methanol is due to the strong solvation of reactants and the adsorption of methanol on Pd, as well as to the reaction between methanol and the cyclohexanone intermediate. The low solubility of phenol and strong interaction of hexadecane with Pd lead to the slow rate in hexadecane. The apparent activation energies for hydrogenation follow the order E-a phenol > E-a cyclonexanone > E-a cyclohexene, and the sequences of individual reaction rates are reverse in three solvents. The dehydration rates (1.1-1.8 x 10(3) mol mol(BAS)(-1) h(-1))and apparent activation energies (115-124 kJ mol(-1)) are comparable in three solvents. In situ liquid-phase IR spectroscopy shows the rates consistent with kinetics derived from chromatographic evidence in the aqueous phase and verifies that hydrogenation of phenol and cyclohexanone follows reaction orders of 1.0 and 0.55 over Pd/C, respectively. Conversion of cyclohexanol with HZSM-5 shows first-order dependence in approaching the dehydration-hydration equilibrium in the aqueous phase.

  20. Enforcement actions: Significant actions resolved. Volume 14, No. 2, Part 1: Individual actions. Quarterly progress report, April--June 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-09-01

    This compilation summarizes significant enforcement actions that have been resolved during one quarterly period (April--June 1995) and includes copies of Orders sent by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission to individuals with respect to these enforcement actions. It is anticipated that the information in this publication will be widely disseminated to managers and employees engaged in activities licensed by the NRC. The Commission believes this information may be useful to licensees in making employment decisions.

  1. Individualized Radical Radiotherapy of Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer Based on Normal Tissue Dose Constraints: A Feasibility Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baardwijk, Angela van Bosmans, Geert; Boersma, Liesbeth; Wanders, Stofferinus; Dekker, Andre; Dingemans, Anne Marie C.; Bootsma, Gerben; Geraedts, Wiel; Pitz, Cordula; Simons, Jean; Lambin, Philippe; Ruysscher, Dirk de

    2008-08-01

    Purpose: Local recurrence is a major problem after (chemo-)radiation for non-small-cell lung cancer. We hypothesized that for each individual patient, the highest therapeutic ratio could be achieved by increasing total tumor dose (TTD) to the limits of normal tissues, delivered within 5 weeks. We report first results of a prospective feasibility trial. Methods and Materials: Twenty-eight patients with medically inoperable or locally advanced non-small-cell lung cancer, World Health Organization performance score of 0-1, and reasonable lung function (forced expiratory volume in 1 second > 50%) were analyzed. All patients underwent irradiation using an individualized prescribed TTD based on normal tissue dose constraints (mean lung dose, 19 Gy; maximal spinal cord dose, 54 Gy) up to a maximal TTD of 79.2 Gy in 1.8-Gy fractions twice daily. No concurrent chemoradiation was administered. Toxicity was scored using the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events criteria. An {sup 18}F-fluoro-2-deoxy-glucose-positron emission tomography-computed tomography scan was performed to evaluate (metabolic) response 3 months after treatment. Results: Mean delivered dose was 63.0 {+-} 9.8 Gy. The TTD was most often limited by the mean lung dose (32.1%) or spinal cord (28.6%). Acute toxicity generally was mild; only 1 patient experienced Grade 3 cough and 1 patient experienced Grade 3 dysphagia. One patient (3.6%) died of pneumonitis. For late toxicity, 2 patients (7.7%) had Grade 3 cough or dyspnea; none had severe dysphagia. Complete metabolic response was obtained in 44% (11 of 26 patients). With a median follow-up of 13 months, median overall survival was 19.6 months, with a 1-year survival rate of 57.1%. Conclusions: Individualized maximal tolerable dose irradiation based on normal tissue dose constraints is feasible, and initial results are promising.

  2. Ammonia and methane dairy emissions in the San Joaquin Valley of California from individual feedlot to regional scale

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Miller, David J.; Sun, Kang; Tao, Lei; Nowak, John B.; Liu, Zhen; Diskin, Glenn; Sasche, Glen; Beyersdorf, Andreas; Ferrare, Richard; Scarino, Amy Jo; et al

    2015-09-27

    Agricultural ammonia (NH3) emissions are highly uncertain, with high spatiotemporal variability and a lack of widespread in situ measurements. Regional NH3 emission estimates using mass balance or emission ratio approaches are uncertain due to variable NH3 sources and sinks as well as unknown plume correlations with other dairy source tracers. We characterize the spatial distributions of NH3 and methane (CH4) dairy plumes using in situ surface and airborne measurements in the Tulare dairy feedlot region of the San Joaquin Valley, California, during the NASA Deriving Information on Surface conditions from Column and Vertically Resolved Observations Relevant to Air Quality 2013more » field campaign. Surface NH3 and CH4 mixing ratios exhibit large variability with maxima localized downwind of individual dairy feedlots. The geometric mean NH3:CH4 enhancement ratio derived from surface measurements is 0.15 ± 0.03 ppmv ppmv–1. Individual dairy feedlots with spatially distinct NH3 and CH4 source pathways led to statistically significant correlations between NH3 and CH4 in 68% of the 69 downwind plumes sampled. At longer sampling distances, the NH3:CH4 enhancement ratio decreases 20–30%, suggesting the potential for NH3 deposition as a loss term for plumes within a few kilometers downwind of feedlots. Aircraft boundary layer transect measurements directly above surface mobile measurements in the dairy region show comparable gradients and geometric mean enhancement ratios within measurement uncertainties, even when including NH3 partitioning to submicron particles. Individual NH3 and CH4 plumes sampled at close proximity where losses are minimal are not necessarily correlated due to lack of mixing and distinct source pathways. As a result, our analyses have important implications for constraining NH3 sink and plume variability influences on regional NH3 emission estimates and for improving NH3 emission inventory spatial allocations.« less

  3. Combined Individual Pitch Control

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Figure 2. Conventional trailing edge airfoil (left) and morphing wing trailing edge concept (right) with 20% chord 20 rotation III. 5MW UpWind Reference Wind Turbine...

  4. Ammonia and methane dairy emissions in the San Joaquin Valley of California from individual feedlot to regional scale

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miller, David J.; Sun, Kang; Tao, Lei; Nowak, John B.; Liu, Zhen; Diskin, Glenn; Sasche, Glen; Beyersdorf, Andreas; Ferrare, Richard; Scarino, Amy Jo; Zondlo, Mark A.; Pan, Da

    2015-09-27

    Agricultural ammonia (NH3) emissions are highly uncertain, with high spatiotemporal variability and a lack of widespread in situ measurements. Regional NH3 emission estimates using mass balance or emission ratio approaches are uncertain due to variable NH3 sources and sinks as well as unknown plume correlations with other dairy source tracers. We characterize the spatial distributions of NH3 and methane (CH4) dairy plumes using in situ surface and airborne measurements in the Tulare dairy feedlot region of the San Joaquin Valley, California, during the NASA Deriving Information on Surface conditions from Column and Vertically Resolved Observations Relevant to Air Quality 2013 field campaign. Surface NH3 and CH4 mixing ratios exhibit large variability with maxima localized downwind of individual dairy feedlots. The geometric mean NH3:CH4 enhancement ratio derived from surface measurements is 0.15 ± 0.03 ppmv ppmv–1. Individual dairy feedlots with spatially distinct NH3 and CH4 source pathways led to statistically significant correlations between NH3 and CH4 in 68% of the 69 downwind plumes sampled. At longer sampling distances, the NH3:CH4 enhancement ratio decreases 20–30%, suggesting the potential for NH3 deposition as a loss term for plumes within a few kilometers downwind of feedlots. Aircraft boundary layer transect measurements directly above surface mobile measurements in the dairy region show comparable gradients and geometric mean enhancement ratios within measurement uncertainties, even when including NH3 partitioning to submicron particles. Individual NH3 and CH4 plumes sampled at close proximity where losses are minimal are not necessarily correlated due to lack of mixing and distinct source pathways. As a result, our analyses have important implications for constraining NH3 sink and plume variability influences on regional NH3 emission estimates and for improving NH3 emission inventory spatial allocations.

  5. Three-Phase Modular Cascaded H-Bridge Multilevel Inverter with Individual MPPT for Grid-Connected Photovoltaic Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xiao, Bailu; Hang, Lijun; Riley, Cameron; Tolbert, Leon M; Ozpineci, Burak

    2013-01-01

    A three-phase modular cascaded H-bridge multilevel inverter for a grid-connected photovoltaic (PV) system is presented in this paper. To maximize the solar energy extraction of each PV string, an individual maximum power point tracking (MPPT) control scheme is applied, which allows the independent control of each dc-link voltage. PV mismatches may introduce unbalanced power supplied to the three-phase system. To solve this issue, a control scheme with modulation compensation is proposed. The three-phase modular cascaded multilevel inverter prototype has been built. Each H-bridge is connected to a 185 W solar panel. Simulation and experimental results are presented to validate the proposed ideas.

  6. 24-hour human urine and serum profiles of Bisphenol A following ingestion in soup: Individual pharmacokinetic data and emographics

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Teeguarden, Justin G.; Twaddle, Nathan C.; Churchwell, Mona I.; Yang, Xiaoxia; Fisher, Jeffrey W.; Seryak, Liesel M.; Doerge, Daniel R.

    2015-09-01

    Here we present data to evaluate potential absorption of Bisphenol A through non-metabolizing tissues of the upper digestive tract. Concurrent serum and urine concentrations of d6-BPA, and its glucuronide and sulfate conjugates, were measured over a 24 h period in 10 adult male volunteers following ingestion of 30 μg d6-BPA/kg body weight in soup. The pharmacokinetic behavior of BPA and its metabolites in this cohort (rapid absorption, complete elimination, evidence against sublingual absorption) was reported. This Data in Brief article contains the corresponding individual pharmacokinetic data, reports the demographics of the cohort and provides additional details related to the analyticalmore » methods employed and is related to [4].« less

  7. 24-hour human urine and serum profiles of Bisphenol A following ingestion in soup: Individual pharmacokinetic data and emographics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Teeguarden, Justin G.; Twaddle, Nathan C.; Churchwell, Mona I.; Yang, Xiaoxia; Fisher, Jeffrey W.; Seryak, Liesel M.; Doerge, Daniel R.

    2015-09-01

    Here we present data to evaluate potential absorption of Bisphenol A through non-metabolizing tissues of the upper digestive tract. Concurrent serum and urine concentrations of d6-BPA, and its glucuronide and sulfate conjugates, were measured over a 24 h period in 10 adult male volunteers following ingestion of 30 ?g d6-BPA/kg body weight in soup. The pharmacokinetic behavior of BPA and its metabolites in this cohort (rapid absorption, complete elimination, evidence against sublingual absorption) was reported. This Data in Brief article contains the corresponding individual pharmacokinetic data, reports the demographics of the cohort and provides additional details related to the analytical methods employed and is related to [4].

  8. Individual plant examination program: Perspectives on reactor safety and plant performance. Parts 2--5: Final report; Volume 2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1997-12-01

    This report provides perspectives gained by reviewing 75 Individual Plant Examination (IPE) submittals pertaining to 108 nuclear power plant units. IPEs are probabilistic analyses that estimate the core damage frequency (CDF) and containment performance for accidents initiated by internal events. The US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) reviewed the IPE submittals with the objective of gaining perspectives in three major areas: (1) improvements made to individual plants as a result of their IPEs and the collective results of the IPE program, (2) plant-specific design and operational features and modeling assumptions that significantly affect the estimates of CDF and containment performance, and (3) strengths and weaknesses of the models and methods used in the IPEs. These perspectives are gained by assessing the core damage and containment performance results, including overall CDF, accident sequences, dominant contributions to component failure and human error, and containment failure modes. Methods, data, boundary conditions, and assumptions used in the IPEs are considered in understanding the differences and similarities observed among the various types of plants. This report is divided into three volumes containing six parts. Part 1 is a summary report of the key perspectives gained in each of the areas identified above, with a discussion of the NRC`s overall conclusions and observations. Part 2 discusses key perspectives regarding the impact of the IPE Program on reactor safety. Part 3 discusses perspectives gained from the IPE results regarding CDF, containment performance, and human actions. Part 4 discusses perspectives regarding the IPE models and methods. Part 5 discusses additional IPE perspectives. Part 6 contains Appendices A, B and C which provide the references of the information from the IPEs, updated PRA results, and public comments on draft NUREG-1560 respectively.

  9. Highly Emissive Multiexcitons in Steady-State Photoluminescence of Individual Giant CdSe/CdS Core/Shell Nanocrystals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Htoon, Han; Malko, Anton V.; Bussian, David A.; Vela, Javier; Chen, Yongfen; Hollingsworth, Jennifer A.; Klimov, Victor I.

    2010-06-01

    The development of nanocrystal quantum dots (NQDs) with suppressed nonradiative Auger recombination has been an important goal in colloidal nanostructure research motivated by the needs of prospective applications in lasing devices, light-emitting diodes, and photovoltaic cells. Here, we conduct single-nanocrystal spectroscopic studies of recently developed core-shell NQDs (so-called giant NQDs) that comprise a small CdSe core surrounded by a 16-monolayer-thick CdS shell. Using both continuous-wave and pulsed excitation, we observe strong emission features due both to neutral and charged biexcitons, as well as multiexcitons of higher order. The development of pronounced multiexcitonic peaks in steady-state photoluminescence of individual nanocrystals, as well as continuous growth of the emission intensity in the range of high pump levels, point toward a significant suppression of nonradiative Auger decay that normally renders multiexcitons nonemissive. The unusually high multiexciton emission efficiencies in these systems open interesting opportunities for studies of multiexciton phenomena using well-established methods of single-dot spectroscopy, as well as new exciting prospects for applications, that have previously been hampered by nonradiative Auger decay.

  10. Chemical Bonding and Structural Information of Black CarbonReference Materials and Individual Carbonaceous AtmosphericAerosols

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hopkins, Rebecca J.; Tivanski, Alexei V.; Marten, Bryan D.; Gilles, Mary K.

    2007-04-25

    The carbon-to-oxygen ratios and graphitic nature of a rangeof black carbon standard reference materials (BC SRMs), high molecularmass humic-like substances (HULIS) and atmospheric particles are examinedusing scanning transmission X-ray microscopy (STXM) coupled with nearedge X-ray absorption fine structure (NEXAFS) spectroscopy. UsingSTXM/NEXAFS, individual particles with diameter>100 nm are studied,thus the diversity of atmospheric particles collected during a variety offield missions is assessed. Applying a semi-quantitative peak fittingmethod to the NEXAFS spectra enables a comparison of BC SRMs and HULIS toparticles originating from anthropogenic combustion and biomass burns,thus allowing determination of the suitability of these materials forrepresenting atmospheric particles. Anthropogenic combustion and biomassburn particles can be distinguished from one another using both chemicalbonding and structural ordering information. While anthropogeniccombustion particles are characterized by a high proportion ofaromatic-C, the presence of benzoquinone and are highly structurallyordered, biomass burn particles exhibit lower structural ordering, asmaller proportion of aromatic-C and contain a much higher proportion ofoxygenated functional groups.

  11. Calculating Individual Resources Variability and Uncertainty Factors Based on Their Contributions to the Overall System Balancing Needs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Makarov, Yuri V.; Du, Pengwei; Pai, M. A.; McManus, Bart

    2014-01-14

    The variability and uncertainty of wind power production requires increased flexibility in power systems, or more operational reserves to main a satisfactory level of reliability. The incremental increase in reserve requirement caused by wind power is often studied separately from the effects of loads. Accordingly, the cost in procuring reserves is allocated based on this simplification rather than a fair and transparent calculation of the different resources contribution to the reserve requirement. This work proposes a new allocation mechanism for intermittency and variability of resources regardless of their type. It is based on a new formula, called grid balancing metric (GBM). The proposed GBM has several distinct features: 1) it is directly linked to the control performance standard (CPS) scores and interconnection frequency performance, 2) it provides scientifically defined allocation factors for individual resources, 3) the sum of allocation factors within any group of resources is equal to the groups collective allocation factor (linearity), and 4) it distinguishes helpers and harmers. The paper illustrates and provides results of the new approach based on actual transmission system operator (TSO) data.

  12. Micro-Spectroscopic Imaging and Characterization of Individually Identified Ice Nucleating Particles from a Case Field Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Knopf, Daniel A.; Alpert, Peter A.; Wang, Bingbing; O'Brien, Rachel E.; Kelly, Stephen T.; Laskin, Alexander; Gilles, Mary K.; Moffet, Ryan C.

    2014-09-03

    The effect of anthropogenic and biogenic organic particles on atmospheric glaciation processes is poorly understood. We use an optical microscopy (OM) setup to identify the location of ice nuclei (IN) active in immersion freezing and deposition ice nucleation for temperatures of 200-273 K within a large population of particles sampled from an ambient environment. Applying multi-modal micro-spectroscopy methods we characterize the physicochemical properties of individual IN in particle populations collected in central California. Chemical composition and mixing state analysis of particle populations are performed to identify characteristic particle-type classes. All particle-types contained organic material. Particles in these samples take up water at subsaturated conditions, induce immersion freezing at subsaturated and saturated conditions above 226 K, and act as deposition IN below 226 K. The identified IN belong to the most common particle-type classes observed in the field samples: organic coated sea salt, Na-rich, and secondary and refractory carbonaceous particles. Based on these observations, we suggest that the IN are not always particles with unique chemical composition and exceptional ice nucleation propensity; rather, they are common particles in the ambient particle population. Thus, particle composition and morphology alone are insufficient to assess their potential to act as IN. The results suggest that particle-type abundance is also a crucial factor in determining the ice nucleation efficiency of specific IN types. These findings emphasize that ubiquitous organic particles can induce ice nucleation under atmospherically relevant conditions and that they may play an important role in atmospheric glaciation processes.

  13. Method and system for normalizing biometric variations to authenticate users from a public database and that ensures individual biometric data privacy

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Strait, Robert S.; Pearson, Peter K.; Sengupta, Sailes K.

    2000-01-01

    A password system comprises a set of codewords spaced apart from one another by a Hamming distance (HD) that exceeds twice the variability that can be projected for a series of biometric measurements for a particular individual and that is less than the HD that can be encountered between two individuals. To enroll an individual, a biometric measurement is taken and exclusive-ORed with a random codeword to produce a "reference value." To verify the individual later, a biometric measurement is taken and exclusive-ORed with the reference value to reproduce the original random codeword or its approximation. If the reproduced value is not a codeword, the nearest codeword to it is found, and the bits that were corrected to produce the codeword to it is found, and the bits that were corrected to produce the codeword are also toggled in the biometric measurement taken and the codeword generated during enrollment. The correction scheme can be implemented by any conventional error correction code such as Reed-Muller code R(m,n). In the implementation using a hand geometry device an R(2,5) code has been used in this invention. Such codeword and biometric measurement can then be used to see if the individual is an authorized user. Conventional Diffie-Hellman public key encryption schemes and hashing procedures can then be used to secure the communications lines carrying the biometric information and to secure the database of authorized users.

  14. MFISH Measurements of Chromosomal Aberrations Individuals Exposed in Utero to Gamma-ray Doses from 5 to 20 cGy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brenner, David J.

    2009-11-17

    Our plan was to identify and obtain blood from 36 individuals from the Mayak-in-utero exposed cohort who were exposed in utero only to gamma ray does doses fro 5 to 20 cGy. Our goal is to do mFISH and in a new development, single-arm mFISH on these samples to measure stable chromosome aberrations in these now adult individuals. The results were compared with matched control individuals (same age, same gender) available from the large control population which we are studying in the context of our plutonium worker study. The long term goal was to assess the results both in terms of the sensitivity of the developing embryo/fetus to low doses of ionizing radiation, and in terms of different potential mechanisms (expanded clonal origin vs. induced instability) for an increased risk.

  15. Predictors of Individual Tumor Local Control After Stereotactic Radiosurgery for Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Brain Metastases

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garsa, Adam A.; Badiyan, Shahed N.; DeWees, Todd; Simpson, Joseph R.; Huang, Jiayi; Drzymala, Robert E.; Barani, Igor J.; Dowling, Joshua L.; Rich, Keith M.; Chicoine, Michael R.; Kim, Albert H.; Leuthardt, Eric C.; Robinson, Clifford G.

    2014-10-01

    Purpose: To evaluate local control rates and predictors of individual tumor local control for brain metastases from non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) treated with stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS). Methods and Materials: Between June 1998 and May 2011, 401 brain metastases in 228 patients were treated with Gamma Knife single-fraction SRS. Local failure was defined as an increase in lesion size after SRS. Local control was estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. The Cox proportional hazards model was used for univariate and multivariate analysis. Receiver operating characteristic analysis was used to identify an optimal cutpoint for conformality index relative to local control. A P value <.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: Median age was 60 years (range, 27-84 years). There were 66 cerebellar metastases (16%) and 335 supratentorial metastases (84%). The median prescription dose was 20 Gy (range, 14-24 Gy). Median overall survival from time of SRS was 12.1 months. The estimated local control at 12 months was 74%. On multivariate analysis, cerebellar location (hazard ratio [HR] 1.94, P=.009), larger tumor volume (HR 1.09, P<.001), and lower conformality (HR 0.700, P=.044) were significant independent predictors of local failure. Conformality index cutpoints of 1.4-1.9 were predictive of local control, whereas a cutpoint of 1.75 was the most predictive (P=.001). The adjusted Kaplan-Meier 1-year local control for conformality index ≥1.75 was 84% versus 69% for conformality index <1.75, controlling for tumor volume and location. The 1-year adjusted local control for cerebellar lesions was 60%, compared with 77% for supratentorial lesions, controlling for tumor volume and conformality index. Conclusions: Cerebellar tumor location, lower conformality index, and larger tumor volume were significant independent predictors of local failure after SRS for brain metastases from NSCLC. These results warrant further investigation in a prospective setting.

  16. Fish Individual-based Numerical Simulator (FINS): A particle-based model of juvenile salmonid movement and dissolved gas exposure history in the Columbia River Basin

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scheibe, Timothy D.; Richmond, Marshall C.

    2002-01-30

    This paper describes a numerical model of juvenile salmonid migration in the Columbia and Snake Rivers. The model, called the Fish Individual-based Numerical Simulator or FINS, employs a discrete, particle-based approach to simulate the migration and history of exposure to dissolved gases of individual fish. FINS is linked to a two-dimensional (vertically-averaged) hydrodynamic simulator that quantifies local water velocity, temperature, and dissolved gas levels as a function of river flow rates and dam operations. Simulated gas exposure histories can be input to biological mortality models to predict the effects of various river configurations on fish injury and mortality due to dissolved gas supersaturation. Therefore, FINS serves as a critical linkage between hydrodynamic models of the river system and models of biological impacts. FINS was parameterized and validated based on observations of individual fish movements collected using radiotelemetry methods during 1997 and 1998. A quasi-inverse approach was used to decouple fish swimming movements from advection with the local water velocity, allowing inference of time series of non-advective displacements of individual fish from the radiotelemetry data. Statistical analyses of these displacements are presented, and confirm that strong temporal correlation of fish swimming behavior persists in some cases over several hours. A correlated random-walk model was employed to simulate the observed migration behavior, and parameters of the model were estimated that lead to close correspondence between predictions and observations.

  17. Lessons Learned from the Application of Bulk Characterization to Individual Containers on the Brookhaven Graphite Research Reactor Decommissioning Project at Brookhaven National Laboratory - 12056

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kneitel, Terri; Rocco, Diane

    2012-07-01

    When conducting environmental cleanup or decommissioning projects, characterization of the material to be removed is often performed when the material is in-situ. The actual demolition or excavation and removal of the material can result in individual containers that vary significantly from the original bulk characterization profile. This variance, if not detected, can result in individual containers exceeding Department of Transportation regulations or waste disposal site acceptance criteria. Bulk waste characterization processes were performed to initially characterize the Brookhaven Graphite Research Reactor (BGRR) graphite pile and this information was utilized to characterize all of the containers of graphite. When the last waste container was generated containing graphite dust from the bottom of the pile, but no solid graphite blocks, the material contents were significantly different in composition from the bulk waste characterization. This error resulted in exceedance of the disposal site waste acceptance criteria. Brookhaven Science Associates initiated an in-depth investigation to identify the root causes of this failure and to develop appropriate corrective actions. The lessons learned at BNL have applicability to other cleanup and demolition projects which characterize their wastes in bulk or in-situ and then extend that characterization to individual containers. (authors)

  18. Nano-scale luminescence characterization of individual InGaN/GaN quantum wells stacked in a microcavity using scanning transmission electron microscope cathodoluminescence

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schmidt, Gordon Mller, Marcus; Veit, Peter; Bertram, Frank; Christen, Jrgen; Glauser, Marlene; Carlin, Jean-Franois; Cosendey, Gatien; Butt, Raphal; Grandjean, Nicolas

    2014-07-21

    Using cathodoluminescence spectroscopy directly performed in a scanning transmission electron microscope at liquid helium temperatures, the optical and structural properties of a 62 InGaN/GaN multiple quantum well embedded in an AlInN/GaN based microcavity are investigated at the nanometer scale. We are able to spatially resolve a spectral redshift between the individual quantum wells towards the surface. Cathodoluminescence spectral linescans allow directly visualizing the critical layer thickness in the quantum well stack resulting in the onset of plastic relaxation of the strained InGaN/GaN system.

  19. Individual Permit for Storm Water

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    discharges. The Permit establishes target action levels (TALs) that are equivalent to New Mexico State water-quality criteria. These TALs are used as benchmarks to determine the...

  20. Individual developer | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Zip 97402 Country United States Sector Hydropower Product Suction Augmented Hydropower Turbine Company Ownership Private Small Business Yes Technology See Patent 9097233 Project...

  1. Experimental Studies of Boronophenylalanine ({sup 10}BPA) Biodistribution for the Individual Application of Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT) for Malignant Melanoma Treatment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carpano, Marina; Perona, Marina; Rodriguez, Carla; Nievas, Susana; Olivera, Maria; Santa Cruz, Gustavo A.; Brandizzi, Daniel; Cabrini, Romulo; Pisarev, Mario; Juvenal, Guillermo Juan; Dagrosa, Maria Alejandra

    2015-10-01

    Purpose: Patients with the same histopathologic diagnosis of cutaneous melanoma treated with identical protocols of boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) have shown different clinical outcomes. The objective of the present studies was to evaluate the biodistribution of boronophenilalanina ({sup 10}BPA) for the potential application of BNCT for the treatment of melanoma on an individual basis. Methods and Materials: The boronophenilalanine (BPA) uptake was evaluated in 3 human melanoma cell lines: MEL-J, A375, and M8. NIH nude mice were implanted with 4 10{sup 6} MEL-J cells, and biodistribution studies of BPA (350 mg/kg intraperitoneally) were performed. Static infrared imaging using a specially modified infrared camera adapted to measure the body infrared radiance of small animals was used. Proliferation marker, Ki-67, and endothelial marker, CD31, were analyzed in tumor samples. Results: The in vitro studies demonstrated different patterns of BPA uptake for each analyzed cell line (P<.001 for MEL-J and A375 vs M8 cells). The in vivo studies showed a maximum average boron concentration of 25.9 ± 2.6 μg/g in tumor, with individual values ranging between 11.7 and 52.0 μg/g of {sup 10}B 2 hours after the injection of BPA. Tumor temperature always decreased as the tumors increased in size, with values ranging between 37°C and 23°C. A significant correlation between tumor temperature and tumor-to-blood boron concentration ratio was found (R{sup 2} = 0.7, rational function fit). The immunohistochemical studies revealed, in tumors with extensive areas of viability, a high number of positive cells for Ki-67, blood vessels of large diameter evidenced by the marker CD31, and a direct logistic correlation between proliferative status and boron concentration difference between tumor and blood (R{sup 2} = 0.81, logistic function fit). Conclusion: We propose that these methods could be suitable for designing new screening protocols applied before melanoma BNCT treatment for each individual patient and lesion.

  2. mu-Scale Variations Of Elemental Composition In Individual Atmospheric Particles By Means Of Synchrotron Radiation Based mu-XRF Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schleicher, N.; Kramar, U.; Norra, S.; Dietze, V.; Kaminski, U.; Cen, K.; Yu, Y.

    2010-04-06

    Atmospheric pollution poses a huge challenge especially for densely populated urban areas. Although a tremendous knowledge already exists on atmospheric particulate pollution, only very limited knowledge is available on mineral and chemical composition of single atmospheric particles because most studies on air pollution focus on total mass concentrations or bulk elemental analysis. However, it is of particular importance to investigate the properties of single particles since according to their individually composition they differ in their specific impact on climate change, negative environment and health effects, as well as accelerating the weathering of stone buildings in urban areas. Particles with sulfate and nitrate coatings together with sufficient moisture increase metal solubility and possibly catalyze further surface reactions on stone facades of buildings. From the viewpoint of health effects of aerosols it is important to consider agglomerations processes of fine anthropogenic and highly toxic particles with coarse geogenic and less toxic particles. With respect to fundamental research in mineralogy, processes forming composed coarse particles consisting of geogenic and anthropogenic substances are valuable to study since a new type of particle is produced. In this context, the important and still in detail unknown role of geogenic particles as catchers for anthropogenic aerosols can be investigated more closely. Coarse particles can provide a possible sink for fine particles. Moreover, the intermixture of particles from geogenic and anthropogenic sources and the spatial and temporal variations of contributions from different sources, which plays a decisive role in the study area of Beijing, can be clarified with this approach. For this study, particles were collected with the passive sampling device Sigma-2 and analyzed for particles from 3 to 96 {mu}m. The analyzed particles showed a very inhomogeneous distribution in their elemental composition. For this study, synchrotron radiation based mu-X-ray fluorescence analysis (mu-SXRF) proved to be an excellent tool to investigate mu-scalic distributions of main and trace element concentrations within individual airborne particles.

  3. Chemical Characterization of Individual Particles and Residuals of Cloud Droplets and Ice Crystals Collected On Board Research Aircraft in the ISDAC 2008 Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hiranuma, Naruki; Brooks, Sarah D.; Moffet, Ryan C.; Glen, Andrew; Laskin, Alexander; Gilles, Marry K.; Liu, Peter; MacDonald, A. M.; Strapp, J. Walter; McFarquhar, Greg

    2013-06-24

    Although it has been shown that size of atmospheric particles has a direct correlation with their ability to act as cloud droplet and ice nuclei, the influence of composition of freshly emitted and aged particles in nucleation processes is poorly understood. In this work we combine data from field measurements of ice nucleation with chemical imaging of the sampled particles to link aerosol composition with ice nucleation ability. Field measurements and sampling were conducted during the Indirect and Semidirect Aerosols Campaign (ISDAC) over Barrow, Alaska, in the springtime of 2008. In-situ ice nucleation measurements were conducted using a Continuous Flow Diffusion Chamber (CFDC). Measured number concentrations of ice nuclei (IN) varied from frequent values of 0.01 per liter to more than 10 per liter. Residuals of airborne droplets and ice crystals were collected through a counterflow virtual impactor (CVI). The compositions of individual atmospheric particles and the residuals were studied using Computer Controlled Scanning Electron Microscopy with Energy Dispersive X-ray analysis (CCSEM/EDX) and Scanning Transmission X-ray Microscopy coupled with Near Edge X-ray Absorption Fine Structure spectroscopy (STXM/NEXAFS). Chemical analysis of cloud particle residuals collected during an episode of high ice nucleation suggests that both size and composition may influence aerosol's ability to act as IN. The STXM/NEXAFS chemical composition maps of individual residuals have characteristic structures of either inorganic or black carbon cores coated by organic materials. In a separate flight, particle samples from a biomass burning plume were collected. Although it has previously been suggested that episodes of biomass burning contribute to increased numbers of highly effective ice nuclei, in this episode we observed that only a small fraction were effective ice nuclei. Most of the particles from the biomass plume episode were smaller in size and were composed of homogeneous organic material without identifiable cores.

  4. Individual Reactions of Permanganate and Various Reductants - Student Report to the DOE ERULF Program for Work Conducted May to July 2000

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gauger, Amber M.; Hallen, Richard T.

    2012-09-15

    Tank waste on the Hanford Site contains radioactive elements that need to be removed from solution prior to disposal. One effective way to do this is to precipitate the radioactive elements with manganese solids, produced by permanganate oxidation. When added to tank waste, the permanganate reacts quickly producing manganese (IV) dioxide precipitate. Because of the speed of the reaction it is difficult to tell what exactly is happening. Individual reactions using non-radioactive reductants found in the tanks were done to determine reaction kinetics, what permanganate was reduced to, and what oxidation products were formed. In this project sodium formate, sodium nitrite, glycolic acid, glycine, and sodium oxalate were studied using various concentrations of reductant in alkaline sodium hydroxide solutions. It was determined that formate reacted the quickest, followed by glycine and glycolic acid. Oxalate and nitrite did not appear to react with the permanganate solutions. The products of the oxidation reaction were examined. Formate was oxidized to carbonate and water. Glycolic acid was oxidized slower producing oxalate and water. Glycine reactions formed some ammonia in solution, oxalate, and water. The research reported by Amber Gauger in this report was part of a DOE ERULF student intern program at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory under the direction of Richard Hallen in the summer of 2000.

  5. Gravitational waves from individual supermassive black hole binaries in circular orbits: limits from the North American nanohertz observatory for gravitational waves

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arzoumanian, Z.; Brazier, A.; Chatterjee, S.; Cordes, J. M.; Dolch, T.; Lam, M. T.; Burke-Spolaor, S.; Chamberlin, S. J.; Ellis, J. A.; Demorest, P. B.; Deng, X.; Koop, M.; Ferdman, R. D.; Kaspi, V. M.; Garver-Daniels, N.; Lorimer, D. R.; Jenet, F.; Jones, G.; Lazio, T. J. W.; Lommen, A. N.; Collaboration: NANOGrav Collaboration; and others

    2014-10-20

    We perform a search for continuous gravitational waves from individual supermassive black hole binaries using robust frequentist and Bayesian techniques. We augment standard pulsar timing models with the addition of time-variable dispersion measure and frequency variable pulse shape terms. We apply our techniques to the Five Year Data Release from the North American Nanohertz Observatory for Gravitational Waves. We find that there is no evidence for the presence of a detectable continuous gravitational wave; however, we can use these data to place the most constraining upper limits to date on the strength of such gravitational waves. Using the full 17 pulsar data set we place a 95% upper limit on the strain amplitude of h {sub 0} ? 3.0 10{sup 14} at a frequency of 10 nHz. Furthermore, we place 95% sky-averaged lower limits on the luminosity distance to such gravitational wave sources, finding that d{sub L} ? 425 Mpc for sources at a frequency of 10 nHz and chirp mass 10{sup 10} M {sub ?}. We find that for gravitational wave sources near our best timed pulsars in the sky, the sensitivity of the pulsar timing array is increased by a factor of ?four over the sky-averaged sensitivity. Finally we place limits on the coalescence rate of the most massive supermassive black hole binaries.

  6. Individual Radiological Protection Monitoring of Utrok Atoll Residents Based on Whole Body Counting of Cesium-137 (137Cs) and Plutonium Bioassay

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hamilton, T; Kehl, S; Brown, T; Martinelli, R; Hickman, D; Jue, T; Tumey, S; Langston, R

    2007-06-08

    This report contains individual radiological protection surveillance data developed during 2006 for adult members of a select group of families living on Utrok Atoll. These Group I volunteers all underwent a whole-body count to determine levels of internally deposited cesium-137 ({sup 137}Cs) and supplied a bioassay sample for analysis of plutonium isotopes. Measurement data were obtained and the results compared with an equivalent set of measurement data for {sup 137}Cs and plutonium isotopes from a second group of adult volunteers (Group II) who were long-term residents of Utrok Atoll. For the purposes of this comparison, Group II volunteers were considered representative of the general population on Utrok Atoll. The general aim of the study was to determine residual systemic burdens of fallout radionuclides in each volunteer group, develop data in response to addressing some specific concerns about the preferential uptake and potential health consequences of residual fallout radionuclides in Group I volunteers, and generally provide some perspective on the significance of radiation doses delivered to volunteers (and the general Utrok Atoll resident population) in terms of radiological protection standards and health risks. Based on dose estimates from measurements of internally deposited {sup 137}Cs and plutonium isotopes, the data and information developed in this report clearly show that neither volunteer group has acquired levels of internally deposited fallout radionuclides specific to nuclear weapons testing in the Marshall Islands that are likely to have any consequence on human health. Moreover, the dose estimates are well below radiological protection standards as prescribed by U.S. regulators and international agencies, and are very small when compared to doses from natural sources of radiation in the Marshall Islands and the threshold where radiation health effects could be either medically diagnosed in an individual or epidemiologically discerned in a group of people. In general, the results from the whole-body counting measurements of 137Cs are consistent with our knowledge that a key pathway for exposure to residual fallout contamination on Utrok Atoll is low-level chronic uptake of {sup 137}Cs from the consumption of locally grown produce (Robison et al., 1999). The error-weighted, average body burden of {sup 137}Cs measured in Group I and Group II volunteers was 0.31 kBq and 0.62 kBq, respectively. The associated average, annual committed effective dose equivalent (CEDE) delivered to Group I and Group II volunteers from {sup 137}Cs during the year of measurement was 2.1 and 4.0 mrem. For comparative purposes, the annual dose limit for members of the public as recommended by the National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements (NCRP) and the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) is 100 mrem. Consequently, specific concerns about elevated levels of {sup 137}Cs uptake and higher risks from radiation exposure to Group I volunteers would be considered unfounded. Moreover, the urinary excretion of plutonium-239 ({sup 239}Pu) from Group I and Group II volunteers is statistically indistinguishable. In this case, the error-weighted, average urinary excretion of {sup 239}Pu from Group I volunteers of 0.10 {mu}Bq per 24-h void with a range between -0.01 and 0.23 {mu}Bq per 24-h void compares with an error-weighted average from Group II volunteers of 0.11 {mu}Bq per 24-h void with a range between -0.20 and 0.47 {mu}Bq per 24-h void. The range in urinary excretion of {sup 239}Pu from Utrok Atoll residents is very similar to that observed for other population groups in the Marshall Islands (Bogen et al., 2006; Hamilton et al., 2006a; 2006b; 2006c, 2007a; 2007b; 2007c) and is generally considered representative of worldwide background.

  7. HerMES: LYMAN BREAK GALAXIES INDIVIDUALLY DETECTED AT 0.7 {<=} z {<=} 2.0 IN GOODS-N WITH HERSCHEL/SPIRE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burgarella, D.; Heinis, S.; Buat, V.; Giovannoli, E.; Ilbert, O.; Magdis, G.; Hwang, H. S.; Blain, A.; Bock, J.; Cooray, A.; Brisbin, D.; Chanial, P.; Clements, D. L.; Franceschini, A.; Marchetti, L.; Glenn, J.; Gonzalez Solares, E. A. E-mail: sebastien.heinis@oamp.fr

    2011-06-10

    As part of the Herschel Multi-tiered Extragalactic Survey we have investigated the rest-frame far-infrared (FIR) properties of a sample of more than 4800 Lyman break galaxies (LBGs) in the Great Observatories Origins Deep Survey North field. Most LBGs are not detected individually, but we do detect a sub-sample of 12 objects at 0.7 < z < 1.6 and one object at z = 2.0. The ones detected by Herschel SPIRE have redder observed NUV - U and U - R colors than the others, while the undetected ones have colors consistent with average LBGs at z > 2.5. The UV-to-FIR spectral energy distributions of the objects detected in the rest-frame FIR are investigated using the code CIGALE to estimate physical parameters. We find that LBGs detected by SPIRE are high-mass, luminous infrared galaxies. It appears that LBGs are located in a triangle-shaped region in the A{sub FUV} versus log L{sub FUV} = 0 diagram limited by A{sub FUV} = 0 at the bottom and by a diagonal following the temporal evolution of the most massive galaxies from the bottom right to the top left of the diagram. This upper envelop can be used as upper limits for the UV dust attenuation as a function of L{sub FUV}. The limits of this region are well explained using a closed-box model, where the chemical evolution of galaxies produces metals, which in turn lead to higher dust attenuation when the galaxies age.

  8. Activation of IL-2 receptor {alpha}-chain gene by individual members of the rel oncogene family in association with serum response factor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pierce, J.W.; Jamieson, C.A.; Ross, J.L.

    1995-08-15

    Expression of the IL-2R{alpha} gene is regulated by members of the c-Rel/NF-{kappa}B family of transcription factors binding to the {kappa}B site in the promoter. Previous work has not defined the role of individual members of the c-Rel family in the activation of the IL-2R{alpha} gene. Using the COS cell system, we were able to reconstitute the regulation of the IL-2R{alpha} promoter by expressing cloned Rel family members with serum response factor (SRF). We found that c-rel alone activated the IL-2R{alpha} promoter only weakly but worked with the p50 subunit of NF-{kappa}B (NFKB1) to give a higher level of expression. We showed that c-rel heterodimerizes with p50 and the amount of this heterodimer correlated with the level of IL-2R{alpha} gene expression. Our results provide evidence that c-rel/p50 heterodimers activate gene expression in the context of a cellular promoter. We show that c-rel or p65 can cooperate with SRF in the activation of this promoter and the transactivation by c-rel with SRF was enhanced by p50. Synergistic activation required both {kappa}B an CArG sites, and binding studies show that these that these adjacent sites can be occupied simultaneously. The transactivation observed with cloned transcription factors mimics the physiologic induction of the IL-2R{alpha} gene since multiple sequence elements cooperate to give gene activation. The data support the model that c-rel/p50 or p65 can cooperate with SRF to specifically target the expression of the IL-2R{alpha} gene in activated T cells.

  9. Phase 3 Trials of Stereotactic Radiosurgery With or Without Whole-Brain Radiation Therapy for 1 to 4 Brain Metastases: Individual Patient Data Meta-Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sahgal, Arjun; Aoyama, Hidefumi; Kocher, Martin; Neupane, Binod; Collette, Sandra; Tago, Masao; Shaw, Prakesh; Beyene, Joseph; Chang, Eric L.

    2015-03-15

    Purpose: To perform an individual patient data (IPD) meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials evaluating stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) with or without whole-brain radiation therapy (WBRT) for patients presenting with 1 to 4 brain metastases. Method and Materials: Three trials were identified through a literature search, and IPD were obtained. Outcomes of interest were survival, local failure, and distant brain failure. The treatment effect was estimated after adjustments for age, recursive partitioning analysis (RPA) score, number of brain metastases, and treatment arm. Results: A total of 364 of the pooled 389 patients met eligibility criteria, of whom 51% were treated with SRS alone and 49% were treated with SRS plus WBRT. For survival, age was a significant effect modifier (P=.04) favoring SRS alone in patients ≤50 years of age, and no significant differences were observed in older patients. Hazard ratios (HRs) for patients 35, 40, 45, and 50 years of age were 0.46 (95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.24-0.90), 0.52 (95% CI = 0.29-0.92), 0.58 (95% CI = 0.35-0.95), and 0.64 (95% CI = 0.42-0.99), respectively. Patients with a single metastasis had significantly better survival than those who had 2 to 4 metastases. For distant brain failure, age was a significant effect modifier (P=.043), with similar rates in the 2 arms for patients ≤50 of age; otherwise, the risk was reduced with WBRT for patients >50 years of age. Patients with a single metastasis also had a significantly lower risk of distant brain failure than patients who had 2 to 4 metastases. Local control significantly favored additional WBRT in all age groups. Conclusions: For patients ≤50 years of age, SRS alone favored survival, in addition, the initial omission of WBRT did not impact distant brain relapse rates. SRS alone may be the preferred treatment for this age group.

  10. South Dakota Natural Gas Prices

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Sep-15 Oct-15 Nov-15 Dec-15 Jan-16 Feb-16 View History Citygate Price 4.53 3.84 3.87 3.72 3.61 3.71 1989-2016 Residential Price 14.21 10.32 7.95 6.56 6.28 6.57 1989-2016 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2016 Commercial Price 7.07 5.68 5.27 5.29 4.99 5.31 1989-2016 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 69.1 75.5 80.8 83.0 84.7 82.6 1989-2016 Industrial Price 5.63 4.78 4.25 4.25 4.34 4.02 2001-2016

  11. South Dakota Natural Gas Summary

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    53 3.84 3.87 3.72 3.61 3.71 1989-2016 Residential 14.21 10.32 7.95 6.56 6.28 6.57 1989-2016 Commercial 7.07 5.68 5.27 5.29 4.99 5.31 1989-2016 Industrial 5.63 4.78 4.25 4.25 4.34 4.02 2001-2016 Electric Power 3.31 2.90 2.92 2.25 2.57 2.08 2002-2016 Production (Million Cubic Feet) Gross Withdrawals NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2016 From Gas Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2016 From Oil Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2016 From Shale Gas Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 2007-2016 From Coalbed Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA

  12. Table 7b. Natural Gas Price, Electric Power Sector, Actual vs. Projected

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    b. Natural Gas Price, Electric Power Sector, Actual vs. Projected Projected Price in Nominal Dollars (nominal dollars per million Btu) 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 AEO 1994 2.49 2.60 2.76 2.93 3.05 3.24 3.39 3.60 3.86 4.15 4.40 4.70 5.08 5.39 5.85 6.27 6.59 7.01 AEO 1995 2.44 2.61 2.61 2.70 2.78 2.95 3.11 3.44 3.72 4.10 4.43 4.78 5.07 5.33 5.64 5.95 6.23 AEO 1996 2.08 2.19 2.20 2.39 2.47 2.54 2.64 2.74 2.84 2.95 3.09

  13. Sasabe, AZ Natural Gas Exports to Mexico

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's NA 2000's NA NA NA 5.18 5.84 7.29 6.75 6.93 8.58 3.91 2010's 4.55 4.14 2.86 3.80 4.62 2.79 Cubic Feet)

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 4.54 4.33 3.95 4.33 4.42 4.49 4.47 4.44 3.92 3.66 3.24 3.30 2012 2.81 2.64 2.35 2.09 2.46 2.63 2.93 3.05 2.81 3.23 3.49 3.62 2013 3.41 3.37 3.76 4.18 4.20 4.07 3.72 3.54 3.67 3.73 3.73 4.17 2014 4.65 5.96 5.20 4.78 4.91 4.74 4.56

  14. Del Rio, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico (Dollars per Thousand

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 5.49 5.62 5.33 5.68 6.08 5.89 5.68 5.52 5.52 5.50 4.97 5.40 2012 4.40 4.40 4.17 4.18 3.95 4.31 4.33 4.50 4.37 4.42 4.39 4.56 2013 4.54 4.56 4.58 4.93 5.24 5.14 4.63 4.48 4.50 4.44 4.52 4.71 2014 5.30 6.18 5.65 5.49 5.73 5.43 5.53 4.78 4.98 4.95 4.60 5.26 2015 4.02 3.79 3.72 3.59 3.47 3.77 3.76 3.81 3.60 3.48 3.03 3.20 2016 3.20 3.20

  15. Price of Cameron, LA Natural Gas LNG Imports (Nominal Dollars per Thousand

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Cubic Feet) (Nominal Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Price of Cameron, LA Natural Gas LNG Imports (Nominal Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's -- -- 4.78 2010's 5.78 8.13 10.54 -- -- - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 4/29/2016 Next Release Date: 5/31/2016 Referring Pages: U.S. Price of Liquefied Natural Gas

  16. Central Air Conditioners","Heat Pumps","Individual Air Conditioners","District Chilled Water","Central Chillers","Packaged

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    4. Cooling Equipment, Number of Buildings, 1999" ,"Number of Buildings (thousand)" ,"All Buildings","All Cooled Buildings","Cooling Equipment (more than one may apply)" ,,,"Residential-Type Central Air Conditioners","Heat Pumps","Individual Air Conditioners","District Chilled Water","Central Chillers","Packaged Air Conditioning Units","Swamp Coolers","Other" "All

  17. Central Air Conditioners","Heat Pumps","Individual Air Conditioners","District Chilled Water","Central Chillers","Packaged

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    5. Cooling Equipment, Floorspace, 1999" ,"Total Floorspace (million square feet)" ,"All Buildings","All Cooled Buildings","Cooling Equipment (more than one may apply)" ,,,"Residential-Type Central Air Conditioners","Heat Pumps","Individual Air Conditioners","District Chilled Water","Central Chillers","Packaged Air Conditioning Units","Swamp Coolers","Other" "All

  18. Deregulation-restructuring: Evidence for individual industries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Costello, K.W.; Graniere, R.J.

    1997-05-01

    Several studies have measured the effects of regulation on a particular industry. These studies range widely in sophistication, from simple observation (comparison) of pre-transformation and post-transformation actual industry performance to econometric analysis that attempt to separate the effects of deregulation from other factors in explaining changes in an industry`s performance. The major problem with observation studies is that they are unable to measure the effect of one particular event, such as deregulation, on an industry`s performance. For example, at the same time that the United Kingdom privatized its electric power industry, it also radically restructured the industry to encourage competition and instituted a price-cap mechanism to regulate the prices of transmission, distribution, and bundled retail services. Subsequent to these changes in 1991, real prices for most UK electricity customers have fallen. It is not certain however, which of these factors was most important or even contributed to the decline in price. In any event, one must be cautious in interpreting the results of studies that attempt to measure the effect of deregulation per se for a specific industry. This report highlights major outcomes for five industries undergoing deregulation or major regulatory and restructuring reforms. These include the natural gas, transportation, UK electric power, financial, and telecommunications industries. Particular attention was given to the historical development of events in the telecommunications industry.

  19. Inhibiting Individual Notch Receptors Improves Treatment

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    notably with immune-based diseases and regenerative medicine. Research conducted by C. Cain-Hom, C.A. Callahan, Y. Chen, L. Choy, G.J. Dow, D. Finkle, T.J. Hagenbeek, S.G....

  20. Inhibiting Individual Notch Receptors Improves Treatment

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in the treatment of Notch defect disorders has been toxicity in the intestinal crypt. Genetic disruption of Notch1 or Notch2 suggests that when combined, the two receptors...

  1. Inhibiting Individual Notch Receptors Improves Treatment

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    or Notch2 had no effect on weight in treated mice, a stark contrast with the rapid weight loss caused by inhibiting both receptors simultaneously, a toxic effect previously...

  2. Residual Viremia in Treated HIV+ Individuals

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Conway, Jessica M.; Perelson, Alan S.

    2016-01-06

    Antiretroviral therapy (ART) effectively controls HIV infection, suppressing HIV viral loads. However, some residual virus remains, below the level of detection, in HIV-infected patients on ART. Furthermore, the source of this viremia is an area of debate: does it derive primarily from activation of infected cells in the latent reservoir, or from ongoing viral replication? Our observations seem to be contradictory: there is evidence of short term evolution, implying that there must be ongoing viral replication, and viral strains should thus evolve. The phylogenetic analyses, and rare emergent drug resistance, suggest no long-term viral evolution, implying that virus derived frommore » activated latent cells must dominate. We use simple deterministic and stochastic models to gain insight into residual viremia dynamics in HIV-infected patients. Our modeling relies on two underlying assumptions for patients on suppressive ART: that latent cell activation drives viral dynamics and that the reproductive ratio of treated infection is less than 1. Nonetheless, the contribution of viral replication to residual viremia in patients on ART may be non-negligible. However, even if the portion of viremia attributable to viral replication is significant, our model predicts (1) that latent reservoir re-seeding remains negligible, and (2) some short-term viral evolution is permitted, but long-term evolution can still be limited: stochastic analysis of our model shows that de novo emergence of drug resistance is rare. Thus, our simple models reconcile the seemingly contradictory observations on residual viremia and, with relatively few parameters, recapitulates HIV viral dynamics observed in patients on suppressive therapy.« less

  3. Private Citizens/Individuals Written Comments | A

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    included in the EIS. Additionally, it was brought to the BLM's attention that the VTN map presented at public scoping meetings did not include this information. Private...

  4. Therapeutic Antibody Targeting of Individual Notch Receptors

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    communicate to regulate cell fate and growth, and defects in Notch signalling are linked to many cancers. Using phage display technology, a multi-department team at Genentech...

  5. Inhibiting Individual Notch Receptors Improves Treatment

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of any of the four human Notch receptors has been linked to diseases, particularly cancer, making the Notch pathway a compelling target for new drug studies. A research team...

  6. SUBCONTRACTING REPORT FOR INDIVIDUAL CONTRACTS DUNS

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Report Submitted As: prime contractor Percentage Percentage Whole Whole i of Total i of ... 151,850,000 CONCERNS 5. HISTORICALLY BLACK COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES (HBCU) AND ...

  7. Individualized Site Training | National Nuclear Security Administratio...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Blog Home About Us Our Programs Defense Nuclear Security Nuclear Materials Management & Safeguards System Training ... U.S. Department of Energy U.S. Nuclear ...

  8. Therapeutic Antibody Targeting of Individual Notch Receptors

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The cover, by Gregire Vion of Salamander Design Studios (www.grgwr.com), depicts communication between a ligand-expressing cell (right) stimulating Notch signalling in an...

  9. Inhibiting Individual Notch Receptors Improves Treatment

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of evolutionarily conserved transmembrane proteins that function as conduits for cell communication, regulating cell fate and growth. Aberrant activation of any of the four...

  10. Multifamily Individual Heating and Ventilation Systems, Lawrence...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    America team Building Science Corporation (BSC) to provide ... Some noteworthy features and BSC's additional developments include: * Combination heathot water boiler-this ...

  11. Individual Development Plan (IDP) | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    made at the organizational and departmental ... project management, strategic planning, etc.) as well as ... required for effective performance in that job. ...

  12. Residual Viremia in Treated HIV+ Individuals

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Conway, Jessica M.; Perelson, Alan S.

    2016-01-06

    Antiretroviral therapy (ART) effectively controls HIV infection, suppressing HIV viral loads. However, some residual virus remains, below the level of detection, in HIV-infected patients on ART. Furthermore, the source of this viremia is an area of debate: does it derive primarily from activation of infected cells in the latent reservoir, or from ongoing viral replication? Our observations seem to be contradictory: there is evidence of short term evolution, implying that there must be ongoing viral replication, and viral strains should thus evolve. The phylogenetic analyses, and rare emergent drug resistance, suggest no long-term viral evolution, implying that virus derived frommore »activated latent cells must dominate. We use simple deterministic and stochastic models to gain insight into residual viremia dynamics in HIV-infected patients. Our modeling relies on two underlying assumptions for patients on suppressive ART: that latent cell activation drives viral dynamics and that the reproductive ratio of treated infection is less than 1. Nonetheless, the contribution of viral replication to residual viremia in patients on ART may be non-negligible. However, even if the portion of viremia attributable to viral replication is significant, our model predicts (1) that latent reservoir re-seeding remains negligible, and (2) some short-term viral evolution is permitted, but long-term evolution can still be limited: stochastic analysis of our model shows that de novo emergence of drug resistance is rare. Thus, our simple models reconcile the seemingly contradictory observations on residual viremia and, with relatively few parameters, recapitulates HIV viral dynamics observed in patients on suppressive therapy.« less

  13. Inhibiting Individual Notch Receptors Improves Treatment

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in large tumors (approximately 2000 mm3). Bottom: Anti-NRR1 inhibits proper growth of blood vessels, resulting in a "hyper-vascularized" network of blood vessels in mouse neonate...

  14. Relative potencies of individual polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxin, dibenzofuran, and biphenyl congeners and congener mixtures based on induction of cytochrome P4501A mRNA in a rainbow trout gonadal cell line (RTG-2)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zabel, E.W.; Pollenz, R.; Peterson, R.E.

    1996-12-01

    Cytochrome P450-catalyzed enzyme activity in cell culture was investigated as a bioassay for 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) equivalents in environmental mixtures of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxin (PCDD), dibenzofuran (PCDF), and biphenyl (PCB) congeners. A problem with the use of enzyme induction is that certain congeners are unable to induce P4501A enzyme activity to the same maximal level as TCDD. The authors sought to eliminate this problem by measuring mRNA induction rather than enzyme activity. Rainbow trout gonadal cells (RTG-2) were exposed to PCDD, PCDF, and PCB congeners and congener mixtures, and induction of cytochrome P4501A mRNA was measured. A high level of induction in cells treated with only a medium change was seen and was due to a component of the fresh medium, 2,3,7,8-Substituted PCDD and PCDF congeners and four-non-ortho-substituted PCBs caused significant induction. Toxic equivalency factors determined in RTG-2 cells were generally higher than those in rainbow trout early life stages. Rainbow trout gonadal cell (RTG-2) bioassay TCDD equivalents (TEqs) for three environmental extracts were lower than predicted by addition of individual congener TEqs, and the synthetic congener mixture acted additively.

  15. Studies of acute and chronic radiation injury at the Biological and Medical Research Division, Argonne National Laboratory, 1953-1970: Description of individual studies, data files, codes, and summaries of significant findings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grahn, D.; Fox, C.; Wright, B.J.; Carnes, B.A.

    1994-05-01

    Between 1953 and 1970, studies on the long-term effects of external x-ray and {gamma} irradiation on inbred and hybrid mouse stocks were carried out at the Biological and Medical Research Division, Argonne National Laboratory. The results of these studies, plus the mating, litter, and pre-experimental stock records, were routinely coded on IBM cards for statistical analysis and record maintenance. Also retained were the survival data from studies performed in the period 1943-1953 at the National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland. The card-image data files have been corrected where necessary and refiled on hard disks for long-term storage and ease of accessibility. In this report, the individual studies and data files are described, and pertinent factors regarding caging, husbandry, radiation procedures, choice of animals, and other logistical details are summarized. Some of the findings are also presented. Descriptions of the different mouse stocks and hybrids are included in an appendix; more than three dozen stocks were involved in these studies. Two other appendices detail the data files in their original card-image format and the numerical codes used to describe the animal`s exit from an experiment and, for some studies, any associated pathologic findings. Tabular summaries of sample sizes, dose levels, and other variables are also given to assist investigators in their selection of data for analysis. The archive is open to any investigator with legitimate interests and a willingness to collaborate and acknowledge the source of the data and to recognize appropriate conditions or caveats.

  16. Percent of Commercial Natural Gas Deliveries in New York Represented by the

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Price (Percent) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1989 90.4 90.1 89.3 85.0 85.4 81.3 78.6 78.2 73.6 74.8 82.4 89.7 1990 90.5 92.3 85.6 85.3 78.9 77.8 80.2 80.1 76.5 75.8 80.7 81.5 1991 86.2 85.4 84.4 81.0 75.8 72.8 76.8 75.1 73.1 75.0 79.5 81.1 1992 81.0 78.9 79.5 77.3 72.4 70.9 72.9 69.3 69.3 76.0 82.6 81.5 1993 81.4 81.5 82.3 77.8 71.3 66.2 69.1 72.1 72.8 74.1 77.9 77.2 1994 83.7 83.4 83.3 77.7 73.4 73.2 74.7 73.4 75.1 76.4 78.0 81.9 1995 80.8 82.8 79.3 76.3 71.7 66.5

  17. New Mexico Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) New Mexico Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 5.11 3.86 4.78 4.67 3.92 4.23 2000's 4.20 5.93 3.31 3.38 2.97 1.65 5.28 5.77 -- 3.77 2010's 4.46 9.43 10.05 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 4/29/2016 Next Release Date: 5/31/2016

  18. 10 CFR 1008, Records Maintained On Individuals (Privacy Act)...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    FIA-13-0077 - In the Matter of John F. Garrity FIA-13-0014 - In the Matter of Aaron Silberstein Executive Order 13148-Greening the Government Through Leadership in...

  19. Section 51-52: Consideration of Protected Individual and Exposure...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    10,000-year compliance period (Appendix PA-2014, Section PA-7.2 ). As with all previous CRAs, the CCA calculations bound the CRA-2014 results and are used to demonstrate continued...

  20. Chapter 3: The value of individual EERE programs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None, None

    2009-01-18

    Document summarizes the results of the benefits analysis of EEREs programs, as described in the FY 2008 Budget Request. EERE estimates benefits for its overall portfolio and nine Research, Development, Demonstration, and Deployment (RD3) programs.

  1. Vannevar Bush and Ernest Lawrence -- Two key individuals

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    1939. This organization had been formed as a direct result of the letter Leo Szilard and Albert Einstein prepared and Einstein signed that was delivered to President Roosevelt by...

  2. Practical method using superposition of individual magnetic fields...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    of all distribution data in order to achieve adequate spectral quality for the undulator. ... OSTI Identifier: 22392450 Resource Type: Journal Article Resource Relation: Journal Name: ...

  3. Predicting Individual Affect of Health Interventions to Reduce HPV Prevalence

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Corley, Courtney D.; Mihalcea, Rada; Mikler, Armin R.; Sanfilippo, Antonio P.

    2011-04-01

    Recently, human papilloma virus has been implicated to cause several throat and oral cancers and hpv is established to cause most cervical cancers. A human papilloma virus vaccine has been proven successful to reduce infection incidence in FDA clinical trials and it is currently available in the United States. Current intervention policy targets adolescent females for vaccination; however, the expansion of suggested guidelines may extend to other age groups and males as well. This research takes a first step towards automatically predicting personal beliefs, regarding health intervention, on the spread of disease. Using linguistic or statistical approaches, sentiment analysis determines a texts affective content. Self-reported HPV vaccination beliefs published in web and social media are analyzed for affect polarity and leveraged as knowledge inputs to epidemic models. With this in mind, we have developed a discrete-time model to facilitate predicting impact on the reduction of HPV prevalence due to arbitrary age and gender targeted vaccination schemes.

  4. Hispanic Heritage Month - Honoring a Heritage and Individual...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... Edmonds continued on, starting SMArt (Science, Math and Art) Night at her local elementary school in Pasadena to expose elementary school children to math, science and art and show ...

  5. Individual identification of free hole and electron dynamics...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    as an understanding of this behavior is essential for improving the performance of solar cells composed of CIGS thin films. A characteristic double-peak structure due to the...

  6. Intelligent Unmanned Vehicle Systems Suitable For Individual or Cooperative Missions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Matthew O. Anderson; Mark D. McKay; Derek C. Wadsworth

    2007-04-01

    The Department of Energys Idaho National Laboratory (INL) has been researching autonomous unmanned vehicle systems for the past several years. Areas of research have included unmanned ground and aerial vehicles used for hazardous and remote operations as well as teamed together for advanced payloads and mission execution. Areas of application include aerial particulate sampling, cooperative remote radiological sampling, and persistent surveillance including real-time mosaic and geo-referenced imagery in addition to high resolution still imagery. Both fixed-wing and rotary airframes are used possessing capabilities spanning remote control to fully autonomous operation. Patented INL-developed auto steering technology is taken advantage of to provide autonomous parallel path swathing with either manned or unmanned ground vehicles. Aerial look-ahead imagery is utilized to provide a common operating picture for the ground and air vehicle during cooperative missions. This paper will discuss the various robotic vehicles, including sensor integration, used to achieve these missions and anticipated cost and labor savings.

  7. 10 CFR 1008, Records Maintained On Individuals (Privacy Act)...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    FIA-13-0014 - In the Matter of Aaron Silberstein FIA-13-0077 - In the Matter of John F. Garrity EO 13148: Greening the Government Through Leadership in Environmental Management ...

  8. Radiation detector having a multiplicity of individual detecting elements

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Whetten, Nathan R. (Burnt Hills, NY); Kelley, John E. (Albany, NY)

    1985-01-01

    A radiation detector has a plurality of detector collection element arrays immersed in a radiation-to-electron conversion medium. Each array contains a multiplicity of coplanar detector elements radially disposed with respect to one of a plurality of positions which at least one radiation source can assume. Each detector collector array is utilized only when a source is operative at the associated source position, negating the necessity for a multi-element detector to be moved with respect to an object to be examined. A novel housing provides the required containment of a high-pressure gas conversion medium.

  9. Never Again: Remembering the Holocaust, as Government and as Individuals

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Last week,  President Obama spoke at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum about honoring the pledge of “never again” by making sure we are doing everything we can to prevent and end...

  10. Vermont Individual Lake Encroachment Permit | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Abstract Submission of this application required for notice of intent to encroach beyond the mean water level of a lake or pond, and certify that the project will comply with...

  11. Mixed mode fuel injector with individually moveable needle valve members

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Stewart, Chris; Chockley, Scott A.; Ibrahim, Daniel R.; Lawrence, Keith; Tomaseki, Jay; Azam, Junru H.; Tian, Steven Ye; Shafer, Scott F.

    2004-08-03

    A fuel injector includes a homogenous charge nozzle outlet set and a conventional nozzle outlet set controlled respectively, by first and second needle valve members. One of the needle valve members moves to an open position while the other needle valve member remains stationary for a homogeneous charge injection event. The former needle valve member stays stationary while the other needle valve member moves to an open position for a conventional injection event. One of the needle valve members is at least partially positioned in the other needle valve member. Thus, the injector can perform homogeneous charge injection events, conventional injection events, or even a mixed mode having both types of injection events in a single engine cycle.

  12. Program Benefits of Individual EERE Programs. FY 2010 (Technical...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    OSTI Identifier: 1219258 Resource Type: Technical Report Research Org: Office of Energy ... Language: English Subject: 29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY, AND ECONOMY; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL ...

  13. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    85.4 77.4 68.3 75.7 February... 87.3 77.1 69.6 77.9 March... 87.7 77.2 69.4 78.5 April... 88.4 78.5 71.3 80.9 May... 90.7 80.8 71.5 83.4...

  14. Montana Natural Gas Imports Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Montana Natural Gas Imports Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 1.48 1990's 1.44 1.38 1.52 1.66 1.47 1.23 1.88 2.15 1.82 2.03 2000's 3.72 3.98 3.00 5.21 5.71 7.77 6.74 6.66 8.22 3.88 2010's 4.13 3.75 2.45 3.23 4.39 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 4/29/2016 Next

  15. Nevada Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Nevada Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 3.72 3.45 3.34 3.81 3.73 3.53 3.61 3.86 3.84 2000's 4.39 14.66 4.89 4.30 6.40 8.20 10.13 9.99 9.24 8.97 2010's 8.13 4.76 8.97 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 4/29/2016 Next Release

  16. Golden Pass, TX Natural Gas Liquefied Natural Gas Imports (price) from

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Qatar (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 5.77 6.74 6.74 4.76 4.78

  17. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    1999 January..... 85.4 77.4 68.3 75.7 February.... 87.3 77.1 69.6 77.9 March... 87.7 77.2 69.4 78.5 April... 88.4 78.5 71.3 80.9 May... 90.7 80.8 71.5 83.4...

  18. Electric Power Interruption Cost Estimates for Individual Industries, Sectors, and U.S. Economy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Balducci, Patrick J.; Roop, Joseph M.; Schienbein, Lawrence A.; DeSteese, John G.; Weimar, Mark R.

    2002-02-27

    During the last 20 years, utilities and researchers have begun to understand the value in the collection and analysis of interruption cost data. The continued investigation of the monetary impact of power outages will facilitate the advancement of the analytical methods used to measure the costs and benefits from the perspective of the energy consumer. More in-depth analysis may be warranted because of the privatization and deregulation of power utilities, price instability in certain regions of the U.S. and the continued evolution of alternative auxiliary power systems.

  19. This list does not imply DOE endorsement of the individuals or...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... 213-244-5375 CA G Gerrish, Mark F. mfgerrish@ecs.umass.edu 413-545-2853 MA Goff, Christopher cgoff@semprautilities.com 213-244-3635 CA Goffinet, Scott ...

  20. In situ transmission electron microscopy of individual carbon nanotetrahedron/nanoribbon structures in Joule heating

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Masuda, Yusuke; Yoshida, Hideto; Takeda, Seiji; Kohno, Hideo

    2014-08-25

    Collapse of a carbon nanotube results in the formation of a nanoribbon, and a switching of the collapse direction yields a nanotetrahedron in the middle of a nanoribbon. Here, we report in-situ transmission electron microscopy observations of the behavior of carbon nanotetrahedron/nanoribbon structures during Joule heating to reveal their thermal stability. In addition, we propose that the observed process is related to the formation process of the structure.

  1. Nuclear structure at the limits of resolution: Looking through individual wave functions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zelevinsky, V.G. [Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States)

    1996-12-31

    60 years ago Niels Bohr suggested the idea of the compound nucleus. Bohr`s picture strongly resembles that of quantum chaos. Here one comes to the limits of resolution studying particular stationary states at high level density. Present knowledge comes from the experiment and from theoretical constructions, confirmed by the experiment at lower energies and extrapolated into the region where fine resolution measurements are not feasible. Such an analysis was carried out recently for heavy atoms and shell model nuclei. Among complicated states with the same values of integrals of motion, either (i) adjacent states have different structure or (ii) they {open_quotes}look the same{close_quotes} on the microscopic scale. Only (ii) corresponds to strong mixing assumed in the compound nucleus theory. Many-body chaos in nuclei is caused by residual interactions rather than by specific shape of the {open_quotes}container{close_quotes} as in quantum billiards. The shell model, including all degrees of freedom (in truncated space) along with the symmetry requirements, guarantees the correct level density up to some excitation energy. Therefore one can extrapolate the calculations into terra incognita of high lying states.

  2. This list does not imply DOE endorsement of the individuals or...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... 503-579-8984 OR Simon, Tony simont@energy.wsu.edu 360-956-2141 OR Skupien, Nick NSS@Brabazon.com 920-883-7071 WI Smith, Ben benjamin.smith@cp.com 803-817-7128 SC ...

  3. Drug Test Information for HRP-Certified Individuals and HRP Candidates...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Country of Publication: United States Language: English Subject: 98 NUCLEAR DISARMAMENT, SAFEGUARDS, AND PHYSICAL PROTECTION; RELIABILITY; TESTING; DRUGS; PERSONNEL HRP drug ...

  4. Highly selective detection of individual nuclear spins with rotary echo on an electron spin probe

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Mkhitaryan, V. V.; Jelezko, F.; Dobrovitski, V. V.

    2015-10-26

    We consider an electronic spin, such as a nitrogen-vacancy center in diamond, weakly coupled to a large number of nuclear spins, and subjected to the Rabi driving with a periodically alternating phase. We show that by switching the driving phase synchronously with the precession of a given nuclear spin, the interaction to this spin is selectively enhanced, while the rest of the bath remains decoupled. The enhancement is of resonant character. The key feature of the suggested scheme is that the width of the resonance is adjustable, and can be greatly decreased by increasing the driving strength. Thus, the resonancemore » can be significantly narrowed, by a factor of 10–100 in comparison with the existing detection methods. Significant improvement in selectivity is explained analytically and confirmed by direct numerical many-spin simulations. As a result, the method can be applied to a wide range of solid-state systems.« less

  5. Existing Whole-House Solutions Case Study: Multifamily Individual Heating and Ventilation Systems, Lawrence, Massachusetts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2013-11-01

    The conversion of an older Massachusetts building into condominiums illustrates a safe, durable, and cost-effective solution for heating and ventilation systems that can potentially benefit millions of multifamily buildings. In this project, Merrimack Valley Habitat for Humanity (MVHfH) partnered with U.S. Department of Energy Building America team Building Science Corporation (BSC) to provide high performance affordable housing for 10 families in the retrofit of an existing mass masonry building (a former convent).

  6. Acquisition Letter 07- Benchmark Compensation Amount for Individual Executive Salary Actions

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The purpose of Acquisition Letter (AL) 2014-07 is to establish the form, "Compensation Subject to the Executive CAP (OFPP Limitation)" as the minimum required documentation to support DOE/NNSA...

  7. ENSURING ACCESS TO FEDERALLY CONDUCTED PROGRAMS AND ACTIVITIES BY INDIVIDUALS WITH LIMITED

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    9

  8. This list does not imply DOE endorsement of the individuals or...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Bill bhunter@aircleantech.com 206-860-4930 WA J Jackson, David djackson@fando.com 860-646-2469 ... 608-232-1861 WI T Taylor, Robert btaylor2@eng.ua.edu ...

  9. File:Individual wastewater permit packet s-7.pdf | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    464 600 pixels. Go to page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 Go next page next page Full resolution...

  10. This list does not imply DOE endorsement of the individuals or...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    919-744-6129 NC Breiling, Jeff jeff.breiling@simplot.com 509-793-1176 WA Brown, Jessica Jessica.brown@innovate.gatech.edu 423-827-6230 GA Brown, Mike...

  11. Use of an Individual Plant Examination (IPE) to enhance outage management. Phase 1, Interim report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Putney, B.; Averett, M.; Riley, J.

    1992-10-01

    A comparative emissions study was conducted on combustion products of various solid domestic cooking fuels; the objective was to compare relative levels of organic and inorganic toxic emissions from traditional Pakistani fuels (wood, wood charcoal, and dried animal dung) with manufactured low-rank coal briquettes (Lakhra and Sor-Range coals) under conditions simulating domestic cooking. A small combustion shed 12 m{sup 3} internal volume, air exchange rate 14 h{sup {minus}1} was used to simulate south Asian cooking rooms. 200-g charges of the various fueb were ignited in an Angethi stove located inside the shed, then combusted to completion; effluents from this combustion were monitored as a function of time. Measurements were made of respirable particulates, volatile and semi-volatile organics, CO, SO{sub 2}, and No{sub x}. Overall it appears that emissions from coal briquettes containing combustion amendments (slaked lime, clay, and potassium nitrate oxidizer) are no greater than emissions Erom traditional fuels, and in some cases are significantly lower; generally, emissions are highest for afl fuels in the early stages of combustion.

  12. Use of an Individual Plant Examination (IPE) to enhance outage management

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Putney, B.; Averett, M.; Riley, J. )

    1992-10-01

    A comparative emissions study was conducted on combustion products of various solid domestic cooking fuels; the objective was to compare relative levels of organic and inorganic toxic emissions from traditional Pakistani fuels (wood, wood charcoal, and dried animal dung) with manufactured low-rank coal briquettes (Lakhra and Sor-Range coals) under conditions simulating domestic cooking. A small combustion shed 12 m[sup 3] internal volume, air exchange rate 14 h[sup [minus]1] was used to simulate south Asian cooking rooms. 200-g charges of the various fueb were ignited in an Angethi stove located inside the shed, then combusted to completion; effluents from this combustion were monitored as a function of time. Measurements were made of respirable particulates, volatile and semi-volatile organics, CO, SO[sub 2], and No[sub x]. Overall it appears that emissions from coal briquettes containing combustion amendments (slaked lime, clay, and potassium nitrate oxidizer) are no greater than emissions Erom traditional fuels, and in some cases are significantly lower; generally, emissions are highest for afl fuels in the early stages of combustion.

  13. Approach, methods and results of an individual elicitation for the volcanism expert judgment panel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Crowe, B.M.

    1996-06-01

    Probabilistic volcanic hazard assessment (PVHA) of future magnetic disruption of the Yucca Mountain site was completed as a participating member of the volcanism export judgment panel conducted by Geomatrix Consultants for the Department of Energy. The purpose of this summary is to describe the data assumptions, methods, and results of the elicitation and to contrast this assessment with past volcanism studies conducted for the Yucca Mountain Project.

  14. Method and systems for power control of internal combustion engines using individual cycle cut-off

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fedorenko, Y.; Korzhov, M.; Filippov, A.; Atamanenko, N.

    1996-09-01

    A new method of controlling power has been developed for improving efficiency and emissions performance of internal combustion engines at partial load. The method involves cutting-off some of the work cycles, as the load decreases, to obtain required power. Theoretical and experimental material is presented to illustrate the underlying principle, the implementation means and the results for the 4- and 8-cylinder piston engine and a twin rotor Wankel engine applications.

  15. This list does not imply DOE endorsement of the individuals or...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... 901-363-2200 TN Horenstein, Josh jh@gaeic.com 904-636-8555 FL Horn, Ross rosshorn@irco.com 510-441-5600 CA Houskamp, Jon jon@tmicompressors.com 616-262-0823 MI ...

  16. Building America Whole-House Solutions for Existing Homes: Multifamily Individual Heating and Ventilation Systems

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The conversion of an older Massachusetts building into condominiums illustrates a safe, durable, and cost-effective solution for heating and ventilation systems in multifamily buildings.

  17. This list does not imply DOE endorsement of the individuals or...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    le@sullairhouston.com 832-374-9517 TX Clark, Matt matt.clark@pneulogic.com 866-348-5669 Cohen, Josh jcohen@peerlessenergy.com 402-345-8311 NE Collins, Ray rcollins@atlanticcompress...

  18. Adaptive individual-cylinder thermal state control using piston cooling for a GDCI engine

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Roth, Gregory T; Husted, Harry L; Sellnau, Mark C

    2015-04-07

    A system for a multi-cylinder compression ignition engine includes a plurality of nozzles, at least one nozzle per cylinder, with each nozzle configured to spray oil onto the bottom side of a piston of the engine to cool that piston. Independent control of the oil spray from the nozzles is provided on a cylinder-by-cylinder basis. A combustion parameter is determined for combustion in each cylinder of the engine, and control of the oil spray onto the piston in that cylinder is based on the value of the combustion parameter for combustion in that cylinder. A method for influencing combustion in a multi-cylinder engine, including determining a combustion parameter for combustion taking place in in a cylinder of the engine and controlling an oil spray targeted onto the bottom of a piston disposed in that cylinder is also presented.

  19. This list does not imply DOE endorsement of the individuals or...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... 205-956-8900 AL Erickson, Eric eerickson@amalsugar.com 208-468-6859 ID F Fernandez, Christopher cfernandez@baseco.com 415-543-1600 x31 CA Fesler, Scott ...

  20. This list does not imply DOE endorsement of the individuals or...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... gregharrell@emscas.com 865-719-0173 TN Hart, Aaron 312-355-3445 IL Hill, Justin ... 530-304-0195 CA Woodbury, Keith keith.woodbury@ua.edu 205-348-1647 AL ...

  1. This list does not imply DOE endorsement of the individuals or...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... kbharbin@crimson.ua.edu 205-292-9369 AL Hart, Aaron 312-355-3445 IL Heffner, Craig ... 207-774-5961 ME Woodbury, Keith keith.woodbury@ua.edu 205-348-1647 AL ...

  2. Drug Test Information for HRP-Certified Individuals and HRP Candidates...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    DOE Contract Number: DE-AC05-06OR23100 Resource Type: Technical Report Research Org: Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE), Oak Ridge, TN Sponsoring Org: USDOE - ...

  3. Table 11. Net metering, 2010 through 2014

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Carolina" "Technology by sector", 2014, 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010 "Photovoltaic",,,,, "Capacity (MW)",18.762,10.191,6.17,3.72,10.35 "Residential",8.683,4.661,2.56,1.368,8.591 ...

  4. Prospective Assessment of Optimal Individual Position (Prone Versus Supine) for Breast Radiotherapy: Volumetric and Dosimetric Correlations in 100 Patients

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lymberis, Stella C.; Wyngaert, John Keith de; Parhar, Preeti; Chhabra, Arpit M.; Fenton-Kerimian, Maria; Chang Jengwha; Hochman, Tsivia; Department of Environmental Medicine, New York University School of Medicine and Langone Medical Center, New York, New York ; Guth, Amber; Roses, Daniel; Goldberg, Judith D.; Department of Environmental Medicine, New York University School of Medicine and Langone Medical Center, New York, New York ; Formenti, Silvia C.

    2012-11-15

    Purpose: Damage to heart and lung from breast radiotherapy is associated with increased cardiovascular mortality and lung cancer development. We conducted a prospective study to evaluate which position is best to spare lung and heart from radiotherapy exposure. Methods and Materials: One hundred consecutive Stage 0-IIA breast cancer patients consented to participate in a research trial that required two computed tomography simulation scans for planning both supine and prone positions. The optimal position was defined as that which best covered the contoured breast and tumor bed while it minimized critical organ irradiation, as quantified by the in-field heart and lung volume. The trial was designed to plan the first 100 patients in each position to study correlations between in-field volumes of organs at risk and dose. Results: Fifty-three left and 47 right breast cancer patients were consecutively accrued to the trial. In all patients, the prone position was optimal for sparing lung volume compared to the supine setup (mean lung volume reduction was 93.5 cc for right and 103.6 cc for left breast cancer patients). In 46/53 (87%) left breast cancer patients best treated prone, in-field heart volume was reduced by a mean of 12 cc and by 1.8 cc for the other 7/53 (13%) patients best treated supine. As predicted, supine-prone differences in in-field volume and mean dose of heart and lung were highly correlated (Spearman's correlation coefficient for left breast cancer patients was 0.90 for heart and 0.94 for lung and 0.92 for right breast cancer patients for lung). Conclusions: Prone setup reduced the amount of irradiated lung in all patients and reduced the amount of heart volume irradiated in 87% of left breast cancer patients. In-field organ volume is a valid surrogate for predicting dose; the trial continued to the planned target of 400.

  5. CHARACTERIZATION OF INDIVIDUAL CHEMICAL REACTIONS CONSUMING ACID DURING NUCLEAR WASTE PROCESSING AT THE SAVANNAH RIVER SITE - 136B

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Koopman, D.; Pickenheim, B.; Lambert, D.; Newell, J.; Stone, M.

    2009-09-02

    Conversion of legacy radioactive high-level waste at the Savannah River Site into a stable glass waste form involves a chemical pretreatment process to prepare the waste for vitrification. Waste slurry is treated with nitric and formic acids to achieve certain goals. The total quantity of acid added to a batch of waste slurry is constrained by the catalytic activity of trace noble metal fission products in the waste that can convert formic acid into hydrogen gas at many hundreds of times the radiolytic hydrogen generation rate. A large block of experimental process simulations were performed to characterize the chemical reactions that consume acid prior to hydrogen generation. The analysis led to a new equation for predicting the quantity of acid required to process a given volume of waste slurry.

  6. Imaging individual lanthanum atoms in zeolite Y by scanning transmission electron microscopy: evidence of lanthanum pair sites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xu, Pinghong; Lu, Jing; Aydin, C.; Debefve, Louise M.; Browning, Nigel D.; Chen, Cong-Yan; Gates, Bruce C.

    2015-09-01

    Images of La-exchanged NaY zeolite obtained with aberration-corrected scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM) show that about 80% of the La cations were present as site-isolated species, with the remainder in pair sites. The distance between La cations in the pair sites ranged from 1.44 to 3.84 , consistent with the presence of pairs of cations tilted at various angles with respect to the support surface. The actual distance between La cations in the pair sites is inferred to be approximately 3.84 , which is shorter than the distance between the nearest Al sites in the zeolite (4.31 ). The results therefore suggest the presence of dimeric structures of La cations bridged with OH groups, and the presence of such species has been inferred previously on the basis of X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (W. Grnert, U. Sauerlandt, R. Schlgl, H.G. Karge, J. Phys. Chem., 97 (1993) 1413).

  7. Contribution of individual interfaces in the MgO/Co/Pd trilayer to perpendicular magnetic anisotropy upon annealing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kim, Minseok; Kim, Sanghoon; Ko, Jungho; Hong, Jongill

    2015-03-09

    The contribution of each interface of the MgO/Co/Pd trilayer to the perpendicular magnetic anisotropy (PMA) was studied by changing chemical and crystalline structures through annealing. We found that volumetric anisotropy in the MgO/Co/Pd trilayer was significantly increased due to enhanced magnetoelastic anisotropy caused by stress built up most likely at the MgO/Co interface during annealing. When the trilayer was annealed at 400 °C, the alloy formation at the Co/Pd interface additionally increased the volumetric anisotropy. Our x-ray magnetic circular dichroism study supported that those structural modifications led to an increase in the orbital moment through spin-orbit coupling (SOC) along the film normal two times larger than that of the as-deposited trilayer, thereby enhancing PMA greatly. Our experimental results prove that the Co/Pd interface, rather than the MgO/Co interface, plays an essential role in inducing strong PMA in the trilayer. The precise investigation of annealing effect on both volumetric and interfacial anisotropies can provide a methodological solution to improve the SOC of the trilayer that can serve as the core unit of spintronic devices.

  8. Policy Flash 2014-29 Acquisition Letter 2014-07- Benchmark Compensation Amount for Individual Executive Salary Actions

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The purpose of Acquisition Letter (AL) 2014-07 is to establish the form, "Compensation Subject to the Executive CAP (OFPP Limitation)" as the minimum required documentation to support DOE/NNSA Contracting Officers (CO) and Contractor Human Resources Specialists conclusion, that approved allowable costs do not exceed the Office of Federal Procurement Policy (OFPP) limitation pursuant to FAR 31.205-6(p).

  9. Electron backscatter diffraction study of deformation and recrystallization textures of individual phases in a cross-rolled duplex steel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zaid, Md; Bhattacharjee, P.P.

    2014-10-15

    The evolution of microstructure and texture during cross-rolling and annealing was investigated by electron backscatter diffraction in a ferriticaustenitic duplex stainless steel. For this purpose an alloy with nearly equal volume fraction of the two phases was deformed by multi-pass cross-rolling process up to 90% reduction in thickness. The rolling and transverse directions were mutually interchanged in each pass by rotating the sample by 90 around the normal direction. In order to avoid deformation induced phase transformation and dynamic strain aging, the rolling was carried out at an optimized temperature of 898 K (625 C) at the warm-deformation range. The microstructure after cross warm-rolling revealed a lamellar structure with alternate arrangement of the bands of two phases. Strong brass and rotated brass components were observed in austenite in the steel after processing by cross warm-rolling. The ferrite in the cross warm-rolling processed steel showed remarkably strong RD-fiber (RD//< 011 >) component (001)< 011 >. The development of texture in the two phases after processing by cross warm-rolling could be explained by the stability of the texture components. During isothermal annealing of the 90% cross warm-rolling processed material the lamellar morphology was retained before collapse of the lamellar structure to the mutual interpenetration of the phase bands. Ferrite showed recovery resulting in annealing texture similar to the deformation texture. In contrast, the austenite showed primary recrystallization without preferential orientation selection leading to the retention of deformation texture. The evolution of deformation and annealing texture in the two phases of the steel was independent of one another. - Highlights: Effect of cross warm-rolling on texture formation is studied in duplex steel. Brass texture in austenite and (001)<110 > in ferrite are developed. Ferrite shows recovery during annealing retaining the (001)<110 > component. Austenite shows recrystallization during annealing retaining the deformation texture. The deformation of recrystallization of two phases is independent of one other.

  10. Table 8. U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ... - - - - - - - - - - - - October ... 69.2 68.7 62.8 56.0 52.1 56.8 79.4 78.8 68.4 58.1 NA 62.0 November ... 65.4 64.9...

  11. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    1999 January ... 80.5 81.4 78.6 72.0 76.1 70.8 79.9 80.6 82.1 W February ... 80.0 80.8 77.3 71.6 75.6 70.4 79.4 79.7 80.4 W March...

  12. New Jersey Natural Gas Prices

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    4.78 4.67 4.84 5.00 4.37 4.30 1989-2015 Residential Price 11.42 12.03 12.98 12.38 10.30 9.08 1989-2015 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 94.2 93.8 93.6...

  13. Kentucky Price of Natural Gas Sold to Commercial Consumers (Dollars per

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Thousand Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1989 4.30 4.28 4.32 4.30 4.48 4.48 4.63 4.76 4.66 4.43 4.39 4.23 1990 4.54 4.53 4.42 4.40 4.72 4.76 5.00 4.71 4.78 4.45 4.30 4.50 1991 4.41 4.42 4.43 4.64 4.62 4.72 5.09 4.75 4.19 4.16 4.34 4.42 1992 4.43 4.27 4.16 4.27 4.19 4.46 4.50 4.75 4.61 4.52 4.77 4.78 1993 4.90 4.58 4.59 4.61 4.99 3.97 5.27 5.10 5.50 4.89 4.94 5.13 1994 4.93 4.82 4.77 4.96 5.46 5.37 5.48 5.53 5.19 5.00 5.05 4.98 1995 4.78 4.65 4.60 4.77 4.78

  14. Price of Elba Island, GA Natural Gas LNG Imports from Egypt (Nominal

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's -- 11.33 6.74 6.81 9.36 3.72 2010's 4.50 3.97 2.52 -- --

  15. TABLES OF RADIATION ABSORBED DOSE TO THE EMBRYO/FETUS FROM RADIOPHARMA...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... hr Remainder 3.72E+02 hr 5 F-18 FDG Brain 9.80E-02 hr Heart Wall 9.24E-02 hr Kidneys ... hr Remainder 2.23E-01 hr I-123 IMP Brain 6.00E-01 hr Liver 1.65E-01 hr Lungs ...

  16. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    2004 ... 126.2 128.9 123.5 117.8 101.7 103.3 72.5 68.2 PAD District I 1983 ... 92.9 91.3 87.1 82.3 79.4 77.5...

  17. Determining conductivity and mobility values of individual components in multiphase composite Cu{sub 1.97}Ag{sub 0.03}Se

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Day, Tristan W.; Brown, David R.; Snyder, G. Jeffrey; Zeier, Wolfgang G.; Melot, Brent C.

    2014-10-27

    The intense interest in phase segregation in thermoelectrics as a means to reduce the lattice thermal conductivity and to modify the electronic properties from nanoscale size effects has not been met with a method for separately measuring the properties of each phase assuming a classical mixture. Here, we apply effective medium theory for measurements of the in-line and Hall resistivity of a multiphase composite, in this case Cu{sub 1.97}Ag{sub 0.03}Se. The behavior of these properties with magnetic field as analyzed by effective medium theory allows us to separate the conductivity and charge carrier mobility of each phase. This powerful technique can be used to determine the matrix properties in the presence of an unwanted impurity phase, to control each phase in an engineered composite, and to determine the maximum carrier concentration change by a given dopant, making it the first step toward a full optimization of a multiphase thermoelectric material and distinguishing nanoscale effects from those of a classical mixture.

  18. Large Core Code Evaluation Working Group benchmark problem four: neutronics and burnup benchmark analyses of a large heterogeneous fast reactor. Part II. Individual contributions. [LMFBR

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cowan, C.L.; Protsik, R.; Lewellen, J.W.

    1984-08-01

    Separate abstracts are presented for each of the seven papers presented concerning the burnup and neutronic characteristics of large-core LMFBR type reactors.

  19. Sequence stratigraphic analysis of individual depositional successions: Effects of marine/nonmarine sediment partitioning and longitudinal sediment transport, Mannville Group, Alberta Foreland Basin, Canada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cant, D.J.

    1995-05-01

    In the Falher Member of the Mannville Group (Aptian-Albian) of western Canada, two shoreline successions contain the reservoir conglomerates for the giant Elmworth gas field. The Falher B succession has basal sheetlike shoreface unit of hummocky cross-stratified sandstone that thins seaward and terminates about 30km north (seaward) of the landward limit of the transgression. Another 25 km farther basinward, the succession shows a 20-30-m-thick sandstone, unattached to the prograding shoreface, and an overlying coarsening-upward shoreface succession with thin muds and coals, interpreted as back-barrier deposits. In the upper (Falher A) succession, immediately landward (south) of the barriers, fluvial valleys were incised into nonmarine mudstones and coals during the base-level fall. As relative sea level subsequently rose, in nonmarine areas the valleys were filled by estuarine and fluvial sands, then a widespread sheet of fine-grained nonmarine sediment was deposited. At the same time, the shoreline migrated back across the shelf. As it reached the original shorezone (structurally controlled), reworking of underlying deposits successively generated three gravelly barrier islands superimposed on the sandy shoreface succession. The conglomeratic reservoirs all rest above the unconformities, in the transgressive depositional system. Westward (alongshore) toward the thrust belt, no falling or lowstand sea level succession developed. Instead, a wide regressive shoreface sandstone with a transgressive cap occurs. Subsidence rates were higher in this area, and relative sea level appears always to have risen, but at varying rates. Any two-dimensional sequence stratigraphic model, therefore, is inadequate to describe the lateral variation of the sequence and distribution of shoreface sandstones, because the subsidence gradient was not parallel to the direction of shoreface progradation.

  20. Time-Dependent Measure of a Nano-Scale Force-Pulse Driven by the Axonemal Dynein Motors in Individual Live Sperm Cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Allen, M J; Rudd, R E; McElfresh, M W; Balhorn, R

    2009-04-23

    Nano-scale mechanical forces generated by motor proteins are crucial to normal cellular and organismal functioning. The ability to measure and exploit such forces would be important to developing motile biomimetic nanodevices powered by biological motors for Nanomedicine. Axonemal dynein motors positioned inside the sperm flagellum drive microtubule sliding giving rise to rhythmic beating of the flagellum. This force-generating action makes it possible for the sperm cell to move through viscous media. Here we report new nano-scale information on how the propulsive force is generated by the sperm flagellum and how this force varies over time. Single cell recordings reveal discrete {approx}50 ms pulses oscillating with amplitude 9.8 {+-} 2.6 nN independent of pulse frequency (3.5-19.5 Hz). The average work carried out by each cell is 4.6 x 10{sup -16} J per pulse, equivalent to the hydrolysis of {approx}5,500 ATP molecules. The mechanochemical coupling at each active dynein head is {approx}2.2 pN/ATP, and {approx}3.9 pN per dynein arm, in agreement with previously published values obtained using different methods.

  1. Individualized 3D Reconstruction of Normal Tissue Dose for Patients With Long-term Follow-up: A Step Toward Understanding Dose Risk for Late Toxicity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ng, Angela; Brock, Kristy K.; Sharpe, Michael B.; Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario ; Moseley, Joanne L.; Craig, Tim; Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario ; Hodgson, David C.

    2012-11-15

    Purpose: Understanding the relationship between normal tissue dose and delayed radiation toxicity is an important component of developing more effective radiation therapy. Late outcome data are generally available only for patients who have undergone 2-dimensional (2D) treatment plans. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of 3D normal tissue dosimetry derived from reconstructed 2D treatment plans in Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) patients. Methods and Materials: Three-dimensional lung, heart, and breast volumes were reconstructed from 2D planning radiographs for HL patients who received mediastinal radiation therapy. For each organ, a reference 3D organ was modified with patient-specific structural information, using deformable image processing software. Radiation therapy plans were reconstructed by applying treatment parameters obtained from patient records to the reconstructed 3D volumes. For each reconstructed organ mean dose (D{sub mean}) and volumes covered by at least 5 Gy (V{sub 5}) and 20Gy (V{sub 20}) were calculated. This process was performed for 15 patients who had both 2D and 3D planning data available to compare the reconstructed normal tissue doses with those derived from the primary CT planning data and also for 10 historically treated patients with only 2D imaging available. Results: For patients with 3D planning data, the normal tissue doses could be reconstructed accurately using 2D planning data. Median differences in D{sub mean} between reconstructed and actual plans were 0.18 Gy (lungs), -0.15 Gy (heart), and 0.30 Gy (breasts). Median difference in V{sub 5} and V{sub 20} were less than 2% for each organ. Reconstructed 3D dosimetry was substantially higher in historical mantle-field treatments than contemporary involved-field mediastinal treatments: average D{sub mean} values were 15.2 Gy vs 10.6 Gy (lungs), 27.0 Gy vs 14.3 Gy (heart), and 8.0 Gy vs 3.2 Gy (breasts). Conclusions: Three-dimensional reconstruction of absorbed dose to organs at risk can be estimated accurately many years after exposure by using limited 2D data. Compared to contemporary involved-field treatments, normal tissue doses were significantly higher in historical mantle-field treatments. These methods build capacity to quantify the relationship between 3D normal tissue dose and observed late effects.

  2. Independent dynamic acousto-mechanical and electrostatic control of individual quantum dots in a LiNbO{sub 3}-GaAs hybrid

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pustiowski, Jens; Müller, Kai; Bichler, Max; Koblmüller, Gregor; Finley, Jonathan J.; Wixforth, Achim; Krenner, Hubert J.

    2015-01-05

    We demonstrate tuning of single quantum dot emission lines by the combined action of the dynamic acoustic field of a radio frequency surface acoustic wave and a static electric field. Both tuning parameters are set all-electrically in a LiNbO{sub 3}-GaAs hybrid device. The surface acoustic wave is excited directly on the strong piezoelectric LiNbO{sub 3} onto which a GaAs-based p-i-n photodiode containing a single layer of quantum dots was epitaxially transferred. We demonstrate dynamic spectral tuning with bandwidths exceeding 3 meV of single quantum dot emission lines due to deformation potential coupling. The center energy of the dynamic spectral oscillation can be independently programmed simply by setting the bias voltage applied to the diode.

  3. Understanding the deformation mechanism of individual phases of a ZrTi-based bulk metallic glass matrix composite using in situ diffraction and imaging methods

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huang, Yongjiang E-mail: yjhuang@hit.edu.cn; Khong, J. C.; Mi, J. E-mail: yjhuang@hit.edu.cn; Connolley, Thomas

    2014-01-20

    The plasticity of a ZrTi-based bulk metallic glass composite consisting of glassy matrix and crystalline dendritic phase was studied in-situ under identical tensile loading conditions using scanning electron microscopy and synchrotron X-ray diffraction. A generic procedure was developed to separate the diffraction information of the crystalline phases away from that of the matrix and to precisely calculate the microscopic strains of the two phases at different macroscopic load steps. In this way, the time-evolved quantitative links between shear bands nucleation/propagation and the corresponding microscopic stress fields around them are established, providing more quantitative understanding on (1) how the shear bands are driven by the local stress field, and (2) the critical stresses required for the shear bands to nucleate in the crystalline phase, propagate through the crystalline/matrix interface, and finally into the matrix.

  4. Percent of Industrial Natural Gas Deliveries in Vermont Represented by the

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Price (Percent) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 100.0 100.0 76.6 2000's 83.8 75.4 74.7 78.8 78.3 81.7 78.4 78.0 79.6 77.9 2010's 77.1 80.9 100.0 100.0

  5. "Table A41. Average Prices of Selected Purchased Energy Sources...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    " 20-49",15.07,2.53,4.9,2.8,5.87,1.81, 2.7 " 50-99",13.85,2.72,5,2.68,6.1,1.78, 2.0 " 100-249",11.4,2.58,4.78,2.48,5.45,1.74, 1.6 " 250-499",11.22,2.42,4.75,2.32,5.26,1.8, 2.2 " ...

  6. West Virginia Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers (Dollars

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 3.35 3.29 3.00 2000's 4.98 6.46 4.17 6.92 7.36 10.08 8.03 W 10.08 4.78 2010's 5.14 W 3.33 4.29 W W

  7. Iowa Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers (Dollars per

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 3.41 3.07 3.15 2000's 4.56 4.78 3.87 5.96 7.15 8.84 7.85 7.73 W W 2010's W W 3.84 4.72 6.18 3.23

  8. Percent of Industrial Natural Gas Deliveries in Maine Represented...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 91.4 87.4 78.2 2000's 13.1 8.1 10.7 10.5 1.7 3.1 0.9 0.8 0.8 1.2 2010's 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.9 1.9...

  9. Household mold and dust allergens: Exposure, sensitization and childhood asthma morbidity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gent, Janneane F.; Kezik, Julie M.; Hill, Melissa E.; Tsai, Eling; Li, De-Wei; Leaderer, Brian P.

    2012-10-15

    Background: Few studies address concurrent exposures to common household allergens, specific allergen sensitization and childhood asthma morbidity. Objective: To identify levels of allergen exposures that trigger asthma exacerbations in sensitized individuals. Methods: We sampled homes for common indoor allergens (fungi, dust mites (Der p 1, Der f 1), cat (Fel d 1), dog (Can f 1) and cockroach (Bla g 1)) for levels associated with respiratory responses among school-aged children with asthma (N=1233) in a month-long study. Blood samples for allergy testing and samples of airborne fungi and settled dust were collected at enrollment. Symptoms and medication use were recorded on calendars. Combined effects of specific allergen sensitization and level of exposure on wheeze, persistent cough, rescue medication use and a 5-level asthma severity score were examined using ordered logistic regression. Results: Children sensitized and exposed to any Penicillium experienced increased risk of wheeze (odds ratio [OR] 2.12 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.12, 4.04), persistent cough (OR 2.01 95% CI 1.05, 3.85) and higher asthma severity score (OR 1.99 95% CI 1.06, 3.72) compared to those not sensitized or sensitized but unexposed. Children sensitized and exposed to pet allergen were at significantly increased risk of wheeze (by 39% and 53% for Fel d 1>0.12 {mu}g/g and Can f 1>1.2 {mu}g/g, respectively). Increased rescue medication use was significantly associated with sensitization and exposure to Der p 1>0.10 {mu}g/g (by 47%) and Fel d 1>0.12 {mu}g/g (by 32%). Conclusion: Asthmatic children sensitized and exposed to low levels of common household allergens Penicillium, Der p 1, Fel d 1 and Can f 1 are at significant risk for increased morbidity. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Few studies address concurrent allergen exposures, sensitization and asthma morbidity. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Children with asthma were tested for sensitivity to common indoor allergens. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Homes were sampled for these allergens and asthma morbidity monitored during the subsequent month. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Children exposed and sensitized to Penicillium, Der p, Fel d, Can f risk increased asthma morbidity. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer These children might benefit from targeted intervention strategies.

  10. Table 8. U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    71.2 66.2 70.8 91.4 90.9 83.1 75.4 - 77.2 February ... 80.7 80.1 74.9 68.5 64.3 68.3 90.1 89.5 81.3 72.3 - 74.5 March ... 78.5 77.9 72.4...

  11. Table 12. U.S. Refiner Reformulated Motor Gasoline Prices by...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    March ... 76.7 76.3 72.0 65.8 65.5 68.8 86.0 85.7 77.9 70.0 - 75.6 April ... 87.7 87.3 83.5 77.0 77.3 80.2 96.5 96.2 88.8 81.4 -...

  12. Table 6. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales...

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    70.0 66.4 57.0 53.0 58.4 79.8 79.3 72.2 61.1 - 66.1 March ... 75.8 75.3 70.9 64.0 59.3 64.9 84.7 84.3 77.0 67.9 W 72.0 April ......

  13. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    68.9 68.8 63.2 61.4 58.3 61.8 February... 72.3 72.1 67.7 63.8 60.7 65.2 March... 87.8 87.8 82.8 80.1 70.2 80.0 April... 101.5 101.1 95.5 87.4 80.5 90.4...

  14. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    68.9 68.8 63.2 61.4 58.3 61.8 77.7 77.5 70.6 65.1 - 69.2 February ... 72.3 72.1 67.7 63.8 60.7 65.2 82.8 82.5 75.8 67.8 - 73.7 March ......

  15. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    56.0 63.1 February.. 72.2 71.7 67.8 59.8 56.8 63.2 March..... 76.7 76.3 72.0 65.8 65.5 68.8 April..... 87.7 87.3 83.5 77.0 77.3 80.2 May... 95.7 95.3 91.7 77.0 74.8 83.4...

  16. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    1996 January... 62.7 68.1 69.9 69.7 67.1 57.5 February.. 64.2 70.1 70.7 71.2 68.3 59.3 March..... 68.7 74.6 75.1 75.3 72.7 63.6 April..... 76.7 82.7 82.6 84.5 80.8 71.8 May......

  17. Percent of Commercial Natural Gas Deliveries in New Mexico Represented...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 83.1 77.7 70.0 62.5 62.4 60.3 64.7 71.0 67.0 63.0 2000's 62.2 67.3 72.5 70.3 69.0 69.0 65.0 64.2 ...

  18. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    2001 ... 16.3 16.7 32.7 30.0 9.0 71.7 2002 January... 15.9 16.2 33.4 27.5 7.4 68.3 February.. 16.6 16.9 34.0 28.6 6.7 69.2 March..... 16.5 16.9 34.5 29.7 8.3 72.5 April........

  19. Percent of Commercial Natural Gas Deliveries in Indiana Represented by the

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Price (Percent) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 95.7 94.2 96.8 95.2 92.3 87.8 96.3 89.9 79.2 78.3 2000's 78.0 77.1 78.4 79.8 78.2 82.1 79.4 78.1 77.9 73.9 2010's 72.5 70.2 67.4 68.2 67.6 67.0

  20. Percent of Commercial Natural Gas Deliveries in Iowa Represented by the

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Price (Percent) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 97.6 97.7 95.7 94.7 90.4 89.3 87.7 88.2 85.8 83.4 2000's 81.1 82.0 81.4 78.0 78.3 78.3 77.3 77.7 75.8 72.5 2010's 72.0 72.1 72.2 72.5 74.4 NA

  1. Percent of Commercial Natural Gas Deliveries in Kentucky Represented by the

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Price (Percent) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 95.0 94.0 93.1 92.6 91.4 89.2 90.8 90.0 87.4 87.9 2000's 85.6 81.8 78.9 79.2 78.7 79.7 81.3 81.7 82.0 80.1 2010's 80.5 79.2 77.4 78.8 80.5 79.2

  2. Michigan Natural Gas Industrial Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 4.02 3.91 3.69 2000's 3.90 4.78 4.83 5.52 6.88 8.63 9.90 9.47 10.26 9.63 2010's 9.25 8.27 7.38 6.97 7.84 6.59

  3. Tennessee Price of Natural Gas Sold to Commercial Consumers ...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    4.54 4.50 4.50 4.52 4.72 1990 4.82 4.89 5.07 4.74 4.60 4.72 4.68 4.53 4.76 4.58 4.73 4.84 1991 4.78 4.72 4.71 4.68 4.93 4.81 4.76 4.77 4.73 4.57 4.74 4.83 1992 5.13 4.98 4.92 ...

  4. Word Pro - Untitled1

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Consumer Expenditure Estimates for Energy by End-Use Sector, 2010 By Sector Residential Sector by Major Source² Commercial Sector by Major Source³ Industrial Sector by Major Source 4 78 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 561 250 216 178 Transportation Residential Industrial Commercial 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 Billion Dollars¹ 167 54 27 Retail Electricity Natural Gas Petroleum 0 50 100 150 200 Billion Dollars¹ 106 63 37 7 3 Petroleum Retail Electricity

  5. Individual identification of free hole and electron dynamics in CuIn{sub 1?x}Ga{sub x}Se{sub 2} thin films by simultaneous monitoring of two optical transitions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Okano, Makoto; Hagiya, Hideki; Sakurai, Takeaki; Akimoto, Katsuhiro; Shibata, Hajime; Niki, Shigeru; Kanemitsu, Yoshihiko

    2015-05-04

    The photocarrier dynamics of CuIn{sub 1?x}Ga{sub x}Se{sub 2} (CIGS) thin films were studied using white-light transient absorption (TA) measurements, as an understanding of this behavior is essential for improving the performance of solar cells composed of CIGS thin films. A characteristic double-peak structure due to the splitting of the valence bands in the CIGS was observed in the TA spectra under near-band-gap resonant excitation. From a comparison of the TA decay dynamics monitored at these two peaks, it was found that the slow-decay components of the electron and hole relaxation are on the nanosecond timescale. This finding is clear evidence of the long lifetimes of free photocarriers in polycrystalline CIGS thin films.

  6. Oklahoma Price of Natural Gas Sold to Commercial Consumers (Dollars per

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Thousand Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1989 3.75 3.71 3.86 4.12 4.08 4.18 4.26 4.65 4.11 4.12 4.20 3.96 1990 3.93 3.93 4.06 3.93 3.69 3.85 3.90 3.80 3.91 3.89 4.00 3.92 1991 3.96 3.99 3.91 3.89 3.57 3.84 3.85 3.66 3.87 3.87 3.94 3.92 1992 4.09 4.13 4.34 4.33 4.28 4.31 4.06 4.05 4.11 4.10 4.22 4.45 1993 4.46 4.44 4.40 4.43 4.36 4.57 4.67 4.37 4.54 4.43 4.38 4.30 1994 4.60 4.63 4.76 4.82 4.78 4.95 4.75 4.93 4.65 4.88 4.88 4.78 1995 4.57 4.44 4.58 4.55 4.51

  7. Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Trinidad and Tobago

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1997 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 1998 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 1999 -- -- -- -- 1.88 2.08 2.11 2.33 2.55 2.57 2.85 2.83 2000 3.01 2.91 2.89 3.05 3.05 3.48 3.30 3.30 2.98 3.65 3.85 5.14 2001 7.03 4.78 4.74 4.26 4.15 3.77 3.95 3.60 3.67 2.18 3.19 3.12 2002 3.67 2.97 2.65 3.06 3.19 3.15 3.19 3.02 3.27 3.49 3.81 4.37 2003 4.69 4.83 5.14 5.16 4.84 5.13 5.07 4.44 4.55 4.24 4.38 4.78 2004 5.74

  8. South Dakota Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1989 4.86 4.67 4.54 4.65 5.03 5.53 6.01 6.26 5.73 5.00 4.67 4.83 1990 4.99 4.83 4.68 4.73 5.13 5.95 6.83 6.49 6.22 5.41 5.20 5.36 1991 4.86 4.47 4.52 4.78 4.97 5.82 6.21 6.45 6.09 5.45 4.92 5.00 1992 4.94 4.59 4.60 4.78 4.64 6.04 6.31 6.67 6.36 6.09 5.37 5.30 1993 5.10 5.07 5.19 5.32 5.98 6.16 6.65 7.10 6.09 5.40 4.77 5.21 1994 5.10 4.92 5.41 5.49 5.65 7.79 9.90 7.00 7.29 5.64 4.45 4.56 1995 4.50 4.64 4.71

  9. Wyoming Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    per Thousand Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1989 4.49 4.49 4.52 4.62 4.85 5.04 5.53 5.84 5.49 5.11 4.77 4.61 1990 4.64 4.70 4.70 4.76 4.88 4.78 5.73 5.70 6.24 5.51 4.88 4.61 1991 4.51 4.50 4.57 4.65 4.72 5.25 5.94 6.18 6.53 5.20 4.75 4.49 1992 4.52 4.51 4.55 4.64 4.96 5.28 5.69 5.96 5.57 5.09 4.64 4.41 1993 4.42 4.49 4.50 4.60 4.75 4.97 5.65 6.04 5.83 5.26 4.99 4.89 1994 4.79 4.87 5.00 4.99 5.33 6.18 6.69 6.81 6.25 5.40 4.98 4.77 1995 4.74 4.62 4.70 4.78

  10. Ohio Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers (Dollars per

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 3.72 3.24 3.15 2000's 4.97 8.17 3.78 6.20 6.70 9.53 7.97 7.88 10.79 4.40 2010's 5.01 W 3.05 3.95 4.31 2.42

  11. Percent of Commercial Natural Gas Deliveries in New Mexico Represented by

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    the Price (Percent) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 83.1 77.7 70.0 62.5 62.4 60.3 64.7 71.0 67.0 63.0 2000's 62.2 67.3 72.5 70.3 69.0 69.0 65.0 64.2 62.6 58.2 2010's 60.7 59.8 57.0 57.0 54.4 NA

  12. Maryland Natural Gas % of Total Residential - Sales (Percent)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 100.0 1990's 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 98.4 96.8 0.9 82.7 2000's 74.5 80.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2010's 100.0 79.3 77.0 74.3 72.8 73.1

  13. EM Current Project Performance.xls

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Current Critical Decision Original Approved Cost Original Completion Date Rebaselines Rebaselined Project Cost Rebaselined Completion Date Site RL-0011.C1 Plutonium Finishing Plant (PFP) Decontamination and Dismantlement - ARRA Base CD-3 $330,200,000 9/30/2011 1 $352,000,000 11/30/2017 Hanford Site RL-0041.C1 Nuclear Facility D&D - River Corridor Closure Project CD-3 $2,251,500,000 9/30/2019 0 Hanford Site RL-0011.C2 Plutonium Finishing Plant Demolition Project CD-3 $72,600,000 8/31/2018 0

  14. South Carolina Natural Gas Industrial Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 3.72 3.29 3.39 2000's 4.93 5.55 4.49 6.83 7.69 10.02 9.21 8.84 11.03 6.06 2010's 6.12 5.60 4.30 5.27 6.13 4.39

  15. Owned","Public","Federal","Cooperative","Non-utility","Energy","Delivery","Total"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Carolina" ,"Full service providers",,,,,"Other providers",, "Item","Investor Owned","Public","Federal","Cooperative","Non-utility","Energy","Delivery","Total" "Number of entities",3,72,1,31,"NA","NA","NA"," " "Number of retail customers",3318839,598354,4,1052477,"NA","NA","NA",4969674

  16. Alaska Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Thousand Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1989 3.53 3.51 3.56 3.61 3.72 3.84 4.07 4.19 3.94 3.71 3.57 3.55 1990 3.70 3.68 3.71 3.79 3.93 4.10 4.30 4.29 4.12 3.87 3.73 3.68 1991 4.17 4.18 4.22 4.25 4.36 4.49 4.69 4.74 4.54 4.36 3.75 3.70 1992 3.69 3.68 3.69 3.75 3.83 4.03 4.20 4.54 4.02 3.79 3.74 3.70 1993 3.83 3.82 3.90 3.93 4.05 4.25 4.47 4.50 4.32 4.00 3.94 3.86 1994 3.51 3.51 3.50 3.55 3.65 3.85 4.03 4.17 3.93 3.65 3.55 3.48 1995 3.52 3.53 3.53 3.57 3.72

  17. Utah Price of Natural Gas Sold to Commercial Consumers (Dollars per

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Thousand Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1989 4.03 4.03 4.13 4.30 4.17 4.00 4.13 4.23 4.30 4.54 4.43 4.30 1990 4.23 4.21 4.26 4.43 4.21 4.10 4.30 4.35 4.36 4.42 4.43 4.43 1991 4.40 4.57 4.73 4.41 4.17 4.46 4.68 5.55 4.58 4.37 4.38 4.56 1992 4.47 4.50 4.68 4.40 4.23 4.38 4.36 4.33 4.23 4.04 4.20 4.27 1993 4.32 4.23 4.28 3.89 3.70 3.72 3.71 3.38 3.46 3.41 3.91 4.24 1994 4.03 4.14 4.10 3.36 3.81 3.98 3.76 3.71 3.64 3.42 3.96 3.60 1995 3.72 3.77 3.88 3.16 3.26

  18. Percent of Commercial Natural Gas Deliveries in U.S. Total Represented by

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    the Price (Percent) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 93.1 90.8 89.1 1990's 86.6 85.1 83.2 83.9 79.3 76.7 77.6 70.8 67.0 66.1 2000's 63.9 66.0 77.4 78.2 78.0 82.1 80.8 80.4 79.7 77.8 2010's 77.5 67.3 65.2 65.8 65.8 65.9

  19. Manipulating hybrid structures of polymer/a-Si for thin film solar cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peng, Ying; He, Zhiqun, E-mail: zhqhe@bjtu.edu.cn, E-mail: J.I.B.Wilson@hw.ac.uk; Zhang, Zhi; Liang, Chunjun [Key Laboratory of Luminescence and Optical Information, Ministry of Education, Institute of Optoelectronic Technology, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing 100044 (China); Diyaf, Adel; Ivaturi, Aruna; Wilson, John I. B., E-mail: zhqhe@bjtu.edu.cn, E-mail: J.I.B.Wilson@hw.ac.uk [SUPA, School of Engineering and Physical Sciences, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh EH14 4AS (United Kingdom)

    2014-03-10

    A series of uniform polymer/amorphous silicon hybrid structures have been fabricated by means of solution-casting for polymer and radio frequency excited plasma enhanced chemical vapour deposition for amorphous silicon (a-Si:H). Poly(3,4-ethylene dioxythiophene):poly(styrene sulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) functioned as a photoactive donor, while the silicon layer acted as an acceptor. It is found that matching the hole mobility of the polymer to the electron mobility of amorphous silicon is critical to improve the photovoltaic performance from hybrid cells. A three-layer p-i-n structure of ITO/PEDOT:PSS(200?nm)/i-Si(450?nm)/n-Si(200?nm)/Al with a power conversion efficiency of 4.78% under a standard test condition was achieved.

  20. Natural Gas Citygate Price in New Mexico (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 3.50 3.34 2.83 2.55 2.58 2.66 1990's 2.63 2.49 2.25 2.39 2.02 1.46 1.99 2.53 2.08 2.24 2000's 3.79 3.99 2.91 4.78 5.40 7.04 6.82 6.45 7.05 4.07 2010's 4.84 4.52 3.70 4.08 4.99 NA

  1. S U M M A R I E S U.S. Energy Information Administration | State Energy Data 2013: Prices and Expenditures

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    6 Table E4. Commercial Sector Energy Price Estimates, 2013 (Dollars per Million Btu) State Primary Energy Retail Electricity Total Energy f Coal Natural Gas a Petroleum Biomass Total f Distillate Fuel Oil Kerosene LPG b Motor Gasoline c Residual Fuel Oil Total d Wood and Waste e Alabama - 12.15 23.59 26.12 21.59 27.14 - 23.05 12.43 14.40 30.82 25.91 Alaska 4.89 8.33 27.33 31.20 20.38 34.80 - 27.07 4.78 11.56 45.66 18.73 Arizona - 8.54 24.99 33.08 21.61 27.99 - 24.60 16.72 11.64 28.86 23.86

  2. Buildings Energy Data Book: 1.4 Environmental Data

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    7 2009 Methane Emissions for U.S. Buildings Energy Production, by Fuel Type (MMT CO2 Equivalent) (1) Fuel Type Residential Commercial Buildings Total Petroleum 1.0 0.5 1.6 Natural Gas 41.0 26.8 67.8 Coal 0.0 0.3 0.3 Wood 2.6 0.4 3.0 Electricity (2) 52.8 50.5 103.3 Total 97.4 78.5 176.0 Note(s): Source(s): 1) Sources of emissions include oil and gas production, processing, and distribution; coal mining; and utility and site combustion. Carbon Dioxide equivalent units are calculated by converting

  3. South Dakota Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers (Dollars

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    per Thousand Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2002 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 2003 -- -- -- -- W -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 2004 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 2005 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 2006 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 2007 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 2008 5.93 5.90 6.31 4.17 4.38 7.99 8.28 6.67 5.03 3.64 6.19 6.47 2009 9.40 9.59 10.43 7.55 8.73 4.47 4.78 4.55 3.94 3.96 4.80 5.80 2010 8.76 10.61 9.50 7.58 6.38 6.09 5.53

  4. West Virginia Natural Gas Repressuring (Million Cubic Feet)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 3.35 3.29 3.00 2000's 4.98 6.46 4.17 6.92 7.36 10.08 8.03 W 10.08 4.78 2010's 5.14 W 3.33 4.29 W W

    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 View History Wellhead Price NA 1967-2010 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 6.31 5.91 4.99 4.65 5.07 4.00 1984-2015 Residential Price 11.39 10.91 10.77 9.98 10.21 10.46 1967-2015 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries

  5. H. R. 3710: A Bill to amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to allow individuals a credit for expenditures to remove and replace underground home heating oil storage tanks in certain areas. Introduced in the House of Representatives, One Hundredth First Congress, First Session, November 17, 1989

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1989-01-01

    The bill would allow a tax credit in the amount equal to 25 percent of the removal and replacement expenditures made by the taxpayer during the taxable year, not to exceed 2000 dollars. The tank must be located at the principal residence of the taxpayer, be used to store heating oil for the residence, and be located in a critical aquifer protection area, as defined in the Public Health Service Act.

  6. Oregon Natural Gas Prices

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Sep-15 Oct-15 Nov-15 Dec-15 Jan-16 Feb-16 View History Citygate Price 5.19 5.15 3.92 3.72 3.64 3.79 1989-2016 Residential Price 14.81 13.88 10.10 NA 10.43 12.03 1989-2016 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2016 Commercial Price 10.13 10.18 8.39 9.09 8.84 9.25 1989-2016 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 94.2 94.7 95.1 95.3 95.4 94.9 1989-2016 Industrial Price 6.47 6.51 5.67 5.59 5.50 5.59 2001-2016

  7. Oregon Natural Gas Summary

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    19 5.15 3.92 3.72 3.64 3.79 1989-2016 Residential 14.81 13.88 10.10 NA 10.43 12.03 1989-2016 Commercial 10.13 10.18 8.39 9.09 8.84 9.25 1989-2016 Industrial 6.47 6.51 5.67 5.59 5.50 5.59 2001-2016 Electric Power W W W W W W 2002-2016 Production (Million Cubic Feet) Gross Withdrawals NA NA NA NA NA NA 1996-2016 From Gas Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2016 From Oil Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 1996-2016 From Shale Gas Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 2007-2016 From Coalbed Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 2002-2016

  8. Ohio Natural Gas Removed from Natural Gas (Million Cubic Feet)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 3.72 3.24 3.15 2000's 4.97 8.17 3.78 6.20 6.70 9.53 7.97 7.88 10.79 4.40 2010's 5.01 W 3.05 3.95 4.31 2.42

    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 View History Wellhead Price 4.63 1967-2010 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 6.87 5.51 4.47 4.51 4.91 4.49 1984-2015 Residential Price 11.13 10.78 9.91 9.46 10.16 9.49 1967-2015 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries

  9. Buildings Energy Data Book: 3.4 Commercial Environmental Emissions

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    5 2035 Commercial Buildings Energy End-Use Carbon Dioxide Emissions Splits, by Fuel Type (Million Metric Tons) (1) Natural Petroleum Gas Distil. Resid. LPG Oth(2) Total Coal Electricity (3) Total Percent Lighting 179.6 179.6 15.5% Space Heating 87.3 6.7 6.6 0.4 13.7 5.5 25.5 132.0 11.4% Ventilation 100.7 100.7 8.7% Space Cooling 1.7 84.1 85.8 7.4% Electronics 72.3 72.3 6.2% Refrigeration 55.6 55.6 4.8% Water Heating 28.8 2.5 2.5 13.3 44.7 3.9% Computers 33.6 33.6 2.9% Cooking 11.9 3.4 15.2 1.3%

  10. Buildings Energy Data Book: 6.3 Natural Gas Production and Distribution

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    4 Natural Gas End-Use Deliveries by Type of Distributor for 1996, 2000, and 2006 Volume Delivered Customers Volume Delivered Customers Volume Delivered Customers Type of Distributor (Tcf) (Percent) (millions) (Tcf) (Percent) (millions) (Tcf) (Percent) (millions) Local Distribution Comp. 14.3 72% 58.7 14.2 67% 57.8 11.1 60% 61.4 Investor-Owned 13.3 54.0 13.2 4.3 0.8 4.9 Municipal 0.8 4.0 0.8 0.5 0.2 0.8 Privately-Owned 0.2 0.7 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.1 Cooperative 0.0 0.1 0.0 62.8 12.0 67.2 Interstate

  11. SAS Output

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    4. Average Power Plant Operating Expenses for Major U.S. Investor-Owned Electric Utilities, 2004 through 2014 (Mills per Kilowatthour) Operation Maintenance Year Nuclear Fossil Steam Hydro-electric Gas Turbine and Small Scale Nuclear Fossil Steam Hydro-electric Gas Turbine and Small Scale 2004 8.97 3.13 3.83 4.27 5.38 2.96 2.76 2.14 2005 8.26 3.21 3.95 3.69 5.27 2.98 2.73 1.89 2006 9.03 3.57 3.76 3.51 5.69 3.19 2.70 2.16 2007 9.54 3.63 5.44 3.26 5.79 3.37 3.87 2.42 2008 9.89 3.72 5.78 3.77 6.20

  12. U.S. Reformulated Gasoline Refiner Sales Volumes

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    9,360.9 9,430.0 9,073.4 9,071.5 8,725.5 9,007.1 1994-2016 Through Retail Outlets 9,321.7 9,389.3 9,036.4 9,039.9 8,696.9 8,977.3 1994-2016 Sales for Resale, Total NA NA NA NA NA NA 1994-2016 DTW 18,231.1 18,226.6 17,803.3 17,962.0 17,295.3 18,395.9 1994-2016 Rack 75,500.8 76,496.7 74,672.7 74,554.3 72,249.7 75,121.0 1994-2016 Bulk 3,274.1 2,910.9 3,714.7 3,244.5 3,222.6 3,308.8

  13. Optical properties of ZnO/ZnS and ZnO/ZnTe heterostructures forphotovoltaic applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schrier, Joshua; Demchenko, Denis O.; Wang, Lin-Wang; Alivisatos,A. Paul

    2007-05-01

    Although ZnO and ZnS are abundant, stable, environmentallybenign, their band gap energies (3.44 eV, 3.72 eV) are too large foroptimal photovoltaic efficiency. By using band-corrected pseudopotentialdensity-functional theory calculations, we study how the band gap,opticalabsorption, and carrier localization canbe controlled by formingquantum-well like and nanowire-based heterostructures ofZnO/ZnS andZnO/ZnTe. In the case of ZnO/ZnS core/shell nanowires, which can besynthesized using existing methods, we obtain a band gap of 2.07 eV,which corresponds to a Shockley-Quiesser efficiency limitof 23 percent.Based on these nanowire results, we propose that ZnO/ZnScore/shellnanowires can be used as photovoltaic devices with organic polymersemiconductors as p-channel contacts.

  14. Alaska Natural Gas Industrial Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2001 1.57 1.55 1.56 1.51 1.53 1.49 1.74 1.75 1.76 1.82 1.79 1.86 2002 1.74 1.68 1.66 1.64 1.62 1.66 1.51 1.56 1.58 1.58 1.69 1.68 2003 1.28 1.36 1.38 1.39 1.48 1.60 1.76 1.77 1.76 1.65 1.44 1.38 2004 1.80 1.86 1.90 1.86 1.80 1.95 2.12 2.00 2.00 1.99 2.07 1.99 2005 2.40 2.41 2.49 2.30 2.29 2.25 2.38 2.40 2.48 2.61 3.99 3.72 2006 4.06 4.08 4.32 3.67 3.71 3.69 3.68 3.68 3.65 3.72 4.27 4.23 2007 4.36 4.37 4.49 4.57 4.62 4.57 4.56 4.61 4.53 5.36

  15. Technical information

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    names or addresses of individual respondents or any other individually identifiable energy data that could be specifically linked with an individual sample building or building...

  16. Marysville, MI Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Dollars per

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Thousand Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 4.85 4.76 4.36 4.62 4.73 4.70 4.74 4.75 4.21 3.83 3.85 3.79 2012 3.29 3.05 2.61 2.35 2.68 2.64 3.07 3.16 3.14 3.60 3.93 4.22 2013 3.63 3.65 4.57 4.70 4.22 4.17 3.79 4.78 2014 5.52 23.30 24.73 4.80 4.99 4.06 4.09 3.92 4.51 4.03 2015 3.74 2.89 3.07 2.86 2.94 3.05 3.11 2.63 2.29 2.03 2016 2.61 1.92

  17. Del Rio, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico (Million Cubic Feet)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's -- 7.74 10.76 8.20 2010's 5.92 5.53 4.33 4.69 5.35 3.59 Cubic Feet)

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 5.49 5.62 5.33 5.68 6.08 5.89 5.68 5.52 5.52 5.50 4.97 5.40 2012 4.40 4.40 4.17 4.18 3.95 4.31 4.33 4.50 4.37 4.42 4.39 4.56 2013 4.54 4.56 4.58 4.93 5.24 5.14 4.63 4.48 4.50 4.44 4.52 4.71 2014 5.30 6.18 5.65 5.49 5.73 5.43 5.53 4.78 4.98 4.95 4.60 5.26 2015 4.02

  18. Health-hazard evaluation report HETA 90-232-2138, Schulte Corporation, Cincinnati, Ohio

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Venable, H.L.; Kawamoto, M.M.

    1991-09-01

    In response to a confidential request from employees of the Schulte Corporation (SIC-3496), Cincinnati, Ohio, an evaluation was undertaken of complaints of chest tightness, itching, metallic taste in the mouth, and discharge of black dust from the noses of workers in the machine shop of the facility. The facility was involved in the manufacturing and shipping of epoxy coated steel wire shelving. Total dust samples taken in the breathing zone of the workers ranged from 0.49 to 4.78mg/cu m, well below the permissible limits. Respirable dust samples ranged from 0.05 to 0.43mg/cu m. Exposures to nitrogen oxides were well below acceptable limits. Aldehydes were not detected in samples evaluating exposure to two resistance welders. The NIOSH ceiling level of 0.1 part per million for ozone (10028156) was exceeded near welders. Six workers interviewed reported symptoms including black nasal discharge, headaches, sore throat, cough, hoarseness of voice, metallic taste and chest tightness. There was a potential ergonomic problem due to repetitive wrist motion. The authors conclude that a potential hazard from ozone exposure existed. The authors recommend measures to reduce exposures and development of a program for the prevention of cumulative trauma.

  19. Buildings Energy Data Book: 6.3 Natural Gas Production and Distribution

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    5 Natural Gas Consumption, by Sector (Trillion Cubic Feet) Residential Commercial Industrial Transportation Electric Power Total 1980 4.75 2.61 8.20 0.63 3.68 19.88 1981 4.55 2.52 8.06 0.64 3.64 19.40 1982 4.63 2.61 6.94 0.60 3.23 18.00 1983 4.38 2.43 6.62 0.49 2.91 16.83 1984 4.56 2.52 7.23 0.53 3.11 17.95 1985 4.43 2.43 6.87 0.50 3.04 17.28 1986 4.31 2.32 6.50 0.49 2.60 16.22 1987 4.31 2.43 7.10 0.52 2.84 17.21 1988 4.63 2.67 7.48 0.61 2.64 18.03 1989 4.78 2.72 7.89 0.63 3.11 19.12 1990 4.39

  20. 15_01_1991.tex

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    from (1991AJ01): Energy levels of 15 C a E x (MeV ± keV) J π ; T τ or Γ c.m. (keV) Decay Reactions g.s. 1 2 + ; 3 2 τ 1/2 = 2.449 ± 0.005 s β - 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 9 |g| = 2.63 ± 0.14 0.7400 ± 1.5 5 2 + τ m = 3.76 ± 0.10 ns γ 2, 3, 4, 7, 8 g = -0.703 ± 0.012 3.103 ± 4 1 2 - Γ c.m. ≤ 40 2, 3, 9 4.220 ± 3 5 2 - < 14 2, 3 4.657 ± 9 3 2 - 2, 3 4.78 ± 100 3 2 + 1740 ± 400 6 5.833 ± 20 ( 3 2 + ) 64 ± 8 2, 6 5.866 ± 8 1 2 - 2, 3 6.358 ± 6 ( 5 2 , 7 2 + , 9 2 + ) < 20 2, 3

  1. Texas Natural Gas Prices

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Sep-15 Oct-15 Nov-15 Dec-15 Jan-16 Feb-16 View History Citygate Price 3.73 4.17 3.90 4.38 3.79 3.87 1989-2016 Residential Price 20.97 19.25 15.54 9.34 7.79 7.81 1989-2016 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 99.6 99.8 99.8 99.8 2002-2016 Commercial Price 7.71 7.66 7.24 6.52 5.90 5.77 1989-2016 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 62.6 64.3 66.1 76.4 78.6 76.4 1989-2016 Industrial Price 2.96 2.78 2.29 2.39 2.40 2.37 2001-2016 Percentage

  2. Wisconsin Price of Natural Gas Sold to Commercial Consumers (Dollars per

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1960's 0.80 0.85 0.80 1970's 0.83 0.95 1.00 1.11 1.12 1.31 1.71 2.10 2.35 2.69 1980's 3.46 4.38 4.94 5.31 5.23 5.20 5.01 4.78 4.68 4.44 1990's 4.75 4.62 4.81 5.16 4.91 4.50 4.83 5.35 4.70 4.84 2000's 6.32 7.55 6.11 7.97 8.71 10.38 10.27 10.36 11.18 8.95 2010's 8.53 8.03 7.34 6.94 8.74 NA

  3. U.S. Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Thousand Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1973 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 1974 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 1975 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 1976 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 1977 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 1978 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 1979 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 1980 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 1981 3.94 3.99 4.06 4.11 4.29 4.30 4.32 4.30 4.47 4.50 4.53 4.55 1982 4.65 4.69 4.78 4.86 5.17

  4. North Carolina Price of Natural Gas Sold to Commercial Consumers (Dollars

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    per Thousand Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1989 5.19 5.25 5.28 5.31 4.95 4.95 5.04 5.05 5.06 4.96 4.92 5.16 1990 4.89 4.66 4.61 4.43 4.56 4.56 4.48 4.51 4.39 4.43 4.56 4.76 1991 4.73 4.54 4.46 4.41 4.27 4.20 4.21 4.37 4.36 4.01 4.60 5.02 1992 4.95 4.55 4.33 4.16 4.49 4.78 4.84 4.82 4.93 4.73 5.31 5.38 1993 5.62 5.51 5.29 5.11 5.38 5.64 5.62 5.53 5.42 5.55 5.80 5.86 1994 5.56 5.64 5.69 5.51 5.43 5.49 5.50 5.39 5.35 5.32 5.88 5.49 1995 5.43 5.14 5.57 5.15

  5. North Dakota Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1989 4.47 4.46 4.44 4.59 5.09 5.51 6.08 6.64 5.98 5.22 4.65 4.34 1990 4.38 4.39 4.50 4.54 4.85 5.45 6.48 6.82 6.19 5.23 4.65 4.57 1991 4.46 4.50 4.49 4.65 4.84 5.85 6.97 6.99 6.50 5.59 4.88 4.75 1992 4.67 4.62 4.69 4.78 5.21 6.04 6.33 6.75 6.26 5.64 4.98 4.85 1993 4.71 4.82 4.84 5.06 5.60 6.38 6.83 7.38 6.92 6.04 5.40 5.13 1994 5.02 4.98 5.12 5.31 5.37 6.62 7.02 7.52 6.91 5.99 4.86 4.48 1995 4.30 4.27 4.29

  6. Ohio Price of Natural Gas Sold to Commercial Consumers (Dollars per

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Thousand Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1989 5.03 5.05 4.86 5.01 4.70 4.98 5.15 5.25 4.92 4.83 4.80 4.73 1990 4.85 4.98 4.05 4.69 4.48 4.71 4.34 4.71 4.68 4.54 4.80 4.89 1991 4.88 4.84 4.69 4.80 4.88 5.06 5.09 4.72 4.65 4.57 4.61 4.67 1992 4.67 4.39 4.39 4.42 4.54 4.84 4.67 5.28 5.19 5.00 5.08 5.15 1993 5.05 5.18 4.99 5.15 5.12 5.92 5.68 5.99 5.93 5.58 5.48 5.20 1994 5.35 5.20 5.30 5.34 5.56 5.18 5.88 5.94 5.71 5.63 5.49 5.43 1995 5.33 4.79 4.78 4.91 4.86

  7. Oregon Price of Natural Gas Sold to Commercial Consumers (Dollars per

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Thousand Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1989 5.14 4.73 4.71 4.72 4.70 4.76 4.79 4.85 4.81 4.74 4.73 4.81 1990 4.86 4.86 4.83 4.79 4.80 4.83 5.03 5.08 5.03 4.94 4.76 4.73 1991 4.79 4.73 4.71 4.71 4.69 4.73 4.88 4.94 4.96 4.86 4.67 4.67 1992 4.66 4.66 4.68 4.71 4.73 4.82 4.95 5.02 4.89 4.73 4.69 4.72 1993 4.79 4.80 4.76 4.78 4.98 5.30 5.44 5.54 5.39 5.35 5.25 5.35 1994 5.50 5.50 5.52 5.49 5.56 5.61 5.86 6.04 5.80 5.51 5.37 5.34 1995 5.21 5.23 5.22 5.24 5.09

  8. Percent of Commercial Natural Gas Deliveries in Pennsylvania Represented by

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    the Price (Percent) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1989 89.4 88.9 88.7 87.4 81.7 76.8 79.6 77.2 76.4 80.3 82.9 85.3 1990 85.9 83.6 80.9 80.0 74.0 70.2 68.5 68.3 67.2 69.6 74.9 79.2 1991 82.2 79.4 78.8 77.7 72.1 72.9 70.6 71.6 72.2 72.9 76.4 76.7 1992 77.1 79.6 76.6 75.1 71.8 73.1 68.1 67.2 69.4 74.0 74.1 79.4 1993 80.5 79.7 79.5 78.2 72.1 72.9 72.9 69.7 70.3 76.5 75.9 77.0 1994 79.0 80.2 77.5 73.9 71.6 70.8 67.1 71.4 67.9 62.7 68.7 72.1 1995 75.1 74.4 74.9 71.4 68.7

  9. Percolation Explains How Earth's Iron Core Formed | Stanford Synchrotron

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the Price (Percent) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 93.1 90.8 89.1 1990's 86.6 85.1 83.2 83.9 79.3 76.7 77.6 70.8 67.0 66.1 2000's 63.9 66.0 77.4 78.2 78.0 82.1 80.8 80.4 79.7 77.8 2010's 77.5 67.3 65.2 65.8 65.8 65.9 the Price (Percent)

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1983 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 1984 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 1985 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 1986 NA NA NA NA NA NA

  10. Champlain, NY Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Dollars per

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Thousand Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 7.34 6.56 5.91 5.40 5.47 5.45 5.64 5.26 4.94 4.57 4.49 4.78 2012 5.18 4.34 3.70 2.84 3.04 3.46 4.07 3.84 3.85 4.32 6.07 5.49 2013 10.24 10.66 6.06 5.47 5.00 4.48 4.63 4.16 4.27 4.18 4.43 7.72 2014 21.06 20.80 14.47 5.49 5.28 5.53 4.98 4.44 4.28 4.15 5.48 5.05 2015 5.91 11.77 4.62 3.39 3.64 3.57 3.80 3.61 3.68 3.26 2.84 2.85 2016 3.20 2.69 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld

  11. Connecticut Natural Gas Prices

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    4.59 3.58 3.36 3.80 3.27 3.45 1989-2016 Residential Price 21.49 15.30 12.50 11.82 10.32 10.65 1989-2016 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 96.2 94.6 95.9 96.4 96.6 96.6 2002-2016 Commercial Price 10.53 9.53 8.48 8.18 NA 7.26 1989-2016 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 66.9 73.5 75.4 78.4 NA 80.7 1989-2016 Industrial Price 6.59 5.76 5.87 6.60 6.10 5.71 2001-2016 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 44.5 47.8 49.8 50.9

  12. Idaho Price of Natural Gas Sold to Commercial Consumers (Dollars per

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1960's 0.95 0.90 0.91 1970's 1.01 1.01 1.03 1.07 1.21 1.55 2.06 2.42 3.08 3.46 1980's 4.59 5.00 6.12 6.23 5.71 5.69 4.78 4.52 4.52 4.20 1990's 4.18 4.42 4.40 4.65 5.01 4.87 4.56 4.49 4.62 4.77 2000's 5.48 7.58 7.73 6.93 8.37 9.86 11.49 10.67 10.28 9.77 2010's 8.21 8.09 7.35 7.29 7.70 7.61

  13. Indiana Price of Natural Gas Sold to Commercial Consumers (Dollars per

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1960's 0.84 0.80 0.79 1970's 0.83 0.88 0.93 0.98 1.06 1.24 1.50 1.84 2.01 2.46 1980's 2.95 3.38 4.17 5.17 5.23 5.04 4.94 4.45 4.60 4.78 1990's 4.61 4.61 4.57 4.99 5.33 4.38 4.67 5.44 5.50 5.17 2000's 5.74 8.64 6.83 8.42 8.56 11.12 11.53 10.20 11.14 9.18 2010's 7.55 8.04 7.69 7.59 8.19 7

  14. Massachusetts Price of Natural Gas Sold to Commercial Consumers (Dollars

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    per Thousand Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1989 6.21 6.23 6.16 6.04 5.37 5.26 5.28 4.68 5.28 5.05 6.06 6.04 1990 6.33 7.23 7.16 6.88 5.34 4.96 4.78 5.04 5.21 4.81 6.73 6.98 1991 6.83 6.93 6.70 6.64 4.33 5.07 3.92 4.51 4.88 4.81 6.73 7.10 1992 6.75 6.72 6.44 6.16 4.49 4.54 3.76 3.85 4.15 4.29 6.40 7.00 1993 6.74 6.89 6.73 6.56 4.41 4.28 4.07 4.16 4.19 4.33 6.48 7.20 1994 7.92 7.83 7.85 7.88 5.23 4.58 4.55 4.39 4.63 4.61 6.96 7.29 1995 7.35 7.32 7.39 7.13

  15. Test and evaluation report for Westinghouse Hanford Company`s 1-L Liquid Shipper, Docket 95-41-7A, Type A container

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kelly, D.L.

    1995-11-01

    This report documents the U.S. Department of Transportation Specification 7A Type A (DOT-7A) compliance test results of the 1-L Liquid Shipper packaging. The 1-L Liquid Shipper consists of the 3M SafeSend polyethylene canister base and cap with integral sorbent material, a quad ring gasket, a plastic bag, and six foam inserts. A 1-L narrow-mouth, Teflon bottle with Tefzel lid holds contents. The inner bottle is placed inside the SafeSend container. The inner bottle content weight cannot exceed 2000 g (4.4 lb). Total bottle weight, including contents cannot exceed 2167.5 g (4.78 lb). The nominal gross weight of the assembled packaging is to be no more that 3830.5 g (8.4 lb). The approved packaging system is designed to ship Type A quantities of radioactive materials, normal form. Contents may be liquid or solid form. Liquid contents may have a specific gravity less than or equal to (<2). Solid materials are limited in weight, to include packaging, to the gross weight of the as-tested liquids and bottles.

  16. Arkansas Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    per Thousand Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1989 4.33 4.31 4.35 4.97 5.75 6.11 6.58 6.79 6.57 6.15 5.09 4.44 1990 4.51 4.76 4.92 4.95 5.51 6.38 6.79 6.98 6.70 6.14 5.04 4.81 1991 4.36 4.53 4.81 5.06 5.93 6.19 6.70 6.66 6.31 6.21 4.88 4.79 1992 4.64 4.60 4.87 4.97 5.53 6.16 6.46 6.83 6.86 6.39 5.30 4.73 1993 4.78 5.03 5.05 5.13 5.77 6.66 7.15 7.30 7.59 6.74 5.46 5.30 1994 4.99 5.10 5.62 5.81 6.89 7.63 7.93 8.21 7.60 6.94 5.81 5.34 1995 5.26 5.02 5.18 5.70

  17. Arkansas Price of Natural Gas Sold to Commercial Consumers (Dollars per

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Thousand Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1989 4.16 4.13 4.22 4.59 4.71 4.45 4.98 4.99 4.92 4.78 4.45 4.21 1990 4.31 4.40 4.45 4.40 4.53 4.75 4.74 4.82 4.74 4.59 4.41 4.36 1991 4.11 4.26 4.38 4.44 4.56 4.45 4.59 4.55 4.51 4.69 4.31 4.39 1992 4.38 4.28 4.33 4.43 4.25 4.29 4.36 4.62 4.55 4.72 4.47 4.35 1993 4.16 4.29 4.28 4.31 4.37 4.92 4.73 4.64 4.96 4.87 4.53 4.46 1994 4.34 4.43 4.83 4.80 5.16 5.08 5.23 5.54 4.37 4.65 4.32 4.13 1995 4.24 3.95 4.01 3.94 4.29

  18. Colorado Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    per Thousand Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1989 4.30 4.30 4.33 4.54 4.82 5.20 5.70 6.07 5.81 5.27 4.75 4.49 1990 4.34 4.29 4.31 4.41 4.60 5.09 5.91 6.01 6.03 5.34 4.55 4.33 1991 4.23 4.29 4.39 4.51 4.68 5.42 5.92 6.21 6.14 5.43 4.62 4.35 1992 4.25 4.30 4.38 4.52 4.96 5.25 5.78 6.06 5.89 5.37 4.50 4.17 1993 4.18 4.22 4.26 4.41 4.62 5.12 5.69 6.08 5.58 5.03 4.55 4.56 1994 4.58 4.59 4.64 4.81 5.06 5.88 6.50 6.68 6.66 5.83 4.93 4.58 1995 4.51 4.56 4.60 4.78

  19. District of Columbia Price of Natural Gas Sold to Commercial Consumers

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1989 5.55 5.47 5.74 5.11 4.95 4.64 4.95 4.58 5.08 5.05 5.19 5.61 1990 6.14 5.83 6.62 5.50 5.18 5.30 5.21 4.88 4.64 4.90 5.15 5.56 1991 5.59 5.58 4.91 5.56 4.78 4.47 4.66 4.47 5.06 5.08 5.21 5.15 1992 5.37 5.55 5.24 5.18 5.18 4.89 4.85 4.76 4.99 5.26 5.90 5.95 1993 5.88 5.92 6.01 5.66 5.54 5.53 5.41 5.50 5.56 4.99 5.96 5.79 1994 6.35 7.12 7.08 6.42 5.85 4.41 4.54 5.06 5.78 5.96 5.92 6.02 1995 5.84 6.16 6.32

  20. Florida Price of Natural Gas Sold to Commercial Consumers (Dollars per

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Thousand Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1989 4.88 4.83 4.83 4.85 4.89 4.86 4.79 4.85 4.69 4.76 4.87 5.00 1990 5.14 5.29 5.00 4.77 4.73 4.71 4.69 4.66 4.78 5.16 5.54 5.63 1991 5.46 5.19 4.74 4.59 4.63 5.20 4.45 4.52 4.69 5.14 5.17 5.09 1992 4.93 4.84 4.80 4.84 4.43 4.97 4.95 4.95 5.13 5.30 5.35 5.36 1993 5.28 5.99 6.03 5.96 6.10 6.07 5.91 5.61 5.63 5.74 5.85 5.84 1994 5.59 5.74 5.68 5.60 5.63 5.63 5.64 5.44 5.38 5.32 5.35 5.36 1995 5.33 5.15 5.18 5.29 5.30

  1. Kentucky Natural Gas Wellhead Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Wellhead Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Kentucky Natural Gas Wellhead Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1960's 0.24 0.25 0.25 1970's 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.35 0.50 0.54 0.55 0.55 0.58 0.95 1980's 0.89 1.01 1.52 1.51 1.70 2.39 1.88 1.82 2.56 2.13 1990's 2.24 2.03 1.92 2.28 2.24 1.64 2.55 2.66 2.39 2.07 2000's 3.16 4.78 3.01 4.54 5.26 6.84 8.83 7.35 8.42 NA 2010's 4.47 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable;

  2. Utah Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars per

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Thousand Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1989 4.85 4.88 5.01 5.26 5.27 5.17 5.51 5.80 5.80 5.85 5.39 5.17 1990 5.08 5.05 5.15 5.44 5.28 5.30 5.81 5.93 5.95 5.58 5.36 5.29 1991 5.35 5.54 5.72 5.42 5.20 5.71 6.26 6.31 6.18 5.69 5.35 4.85 1992 5.38 5.43 5.64 5.50 5.48 5.80 5.86 5.95 5.87 5.35 5.15 5.21 1993 5.14 5.08 5.15 4.89 4.82 5.40 5.60 5.84 5.70 5.04 5.07 5.11 1994 5.14 5.07 5.31 4.71 5.72 5.85 5.60 5.61 5.41 4.24 4.76 4.54 1995 4.78 4.90 4.94 4.25 4.52

  3. Washington Price of Natural Gas Sold to Commercial Consumers (Dollars per

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Thousand Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1989 4.67 4.74 4.51 4.70 4.83 4.91 4.77 4.66 5.67 4.45 4.63 4.45 1990 4.30 4.05 4.23 4.16 3.87 4.67 4.23 4.17 4.18 4.08 4.04 3.95 1991 4.03 3.93 3.93 3.99 4.09 4.16 4.23 4.23 4.19 4.22 4.11 4.11 1992 4.24 4.28 4.29 4.39 4.49 4.63 4.64 4.69 4.63 4.56 4.44 3.85 1993 4.37 4.45 4.42 4.43 4.61 4.76 4.90 5.10 5.08 4.88 4.79 4.16 1994 4.72 4.79 4.89 4.84 4.84 4.90 5.02 5.16 5.05 4.78 4.98 5.06 1995 5.04 5.02 5.17 5.06 5.04

  4. Wisconsin Price of Natural Gas Sold to Commercial Consumers (Dollars per

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Thousand Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1989 4.59 4.64 4.50 4.46 4.23 4.40 4.54 4.74 4.54 4.16 4.30 4.23 1990 4.75 5.01 4.94 4.62 4.50 4.27 4.69 4.85 4.78 4.34 4.55 4.85 1991 4.86 4.57 4.51 5.01 4.12 4.63 4.32 4.48 4.09 4.32 4.56 4.71 1992 4.80 4.46 4.49 4.46 4.44 5.11 4.91 5.42 5.43 5.45 5.21 4.94 1993 4.90 4.84 4.87 5.02 5.60 5.49 5.55 5.74 5.86 5.48 5.31 5.45 1994 5.32 5.36 5.24 4.86 4.49 4.19 4.53 4.38 4.13 3.93 4.48 4.67 1995 4.77 4.63 4.55 4.53 4.27

  5. PSH-12-0075- In the Matter of Personnel Security Hearing

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    On October 25, 2012, an OHA Hearing Officer issued a decision in which he concluded that an individuals security clearance should not be restored. A Local Security Office suspended the individual...

  6. TSO-1003- In the Matter of Personnel Security Hearing

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The individual has been employed by a Department of Energy (DOE) contractor since 2010. His employer requested that DOE grant the individual a clearance. The individual completed a Questionnaire...

  7. PSH-12-0107- In the Matter of Personnel Security Hearing

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    On November 26, 2012, an OHA Hearing Officer issued a decision in which he concluded that an individuals security clearance should not be restored. A Local Security Office suspended the individual...

  8. PSH-13-0034- In the Matter of Personnel Security Hearing

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    On June 13, 2013, a Hearing Officer determined that an individuals security clearance should not be restored. In reaching this determination, the Hearing Officer found that the individual had not...

  9. New Mexico Price of Natural Gas Sold to Commercial Consumers (Dollars per

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1960's 0.49 0.47 0.47 1970's 0.48 0.50 0.53 0.52 0.72 0.80 1.07 1.68 2.00 2.30 1980's 2.93 3.39 4.43 4.80 4.96 5.81 4.37 3.97 3.31 3.72 1990's 4.43 4.15 3.36 4.31 4.41 3.74 3.35 4.41 4.04 3.78 2000's 4.90 5.99 4.75 6.89 7.99 9.31 10.65 10.04 10.39 7.52 2010's 7.47 6.98 6.31 6.77 7.87 NA

  10. Oregon Price of Natural Gas Sold to Commercial Consumers (Dollars per

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1960's 1.39 1.35 1.27 1970's 1.28 1.31 1.43 1.45 1.71 1.86 2.37 3.08 3.39 3.72 1980's 5.11 5.43 6.29 6.49 6.55 6.25 5.59 5.31 5.36 4.80 1990's 4.85 4.75 4.73 5.04 5.52 5.23 4.85 4.63 5.25 5.66 2000's 6.48 7.99 7.86 7.91 9.37 10.42 12.94 12.36 11.57 11.86 2010's 10.10 9.60 8.91 8.60 9.44 NA

  11. Pittsburg, NH Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Dollars per

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Thousand Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 6.06 5.95 6.14 5.56 4.91 5.14 5.66 4.76 4.54 4.33 4.49 4.58 2012 4.22 3.79 3.14 2.55 2.72 3.49 3.75 3.52 3.30 3.80 5.65 6.66 2013 6.80 10.16 6.41 5.43 5.13 5.13 4.70 4.12 4.26 3.98 5.55 11.73 2014 19.82 25.10 12.88 5.74 5.10 5.68 4.55 3.74 3.29 3.53 5.53 9.52 2015 8.36 11.64 7.49 3.23 3.00 3.12 3.03 3.18 3.59 4.12 3.87 3.72 2016 5.50 4.15 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld

  12. Port of Del Bonita, MT Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Dollars

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    per Thousand Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 4.48 4.22 4.48 4.63 4.77 4.39 4.51 4.22 4.23 3.76 3.74 3.29 2012 3.00 2.70 2.42 2.48 2.47 2.08 2.60 2.64 2.80 3.54 3.74 3.60 2013 3.45 3.45 3.77 3.93 3.85 3.43 2.97 2.73 2.50 3.66 3.72 4.14 2014 4.71 7.60 5.12 4.74 4.57 4.62 4.28 4.01 4.00 3.64 3.79 2.87 2015 2.38 2.31 2.23 2.14 2.37 2.09 2.23 2.27 2.19 2.01 1.95 1.69 2016 1.68 1.28

  13. Alaska Natural Gas Underground Storage Capacity (Million Cubic Feet)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Thousand Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2002 W 2.57 2.77 2.46 2.38 2.40 2.12 2.12 2.11 2.02 2.02 1.98 2003 2.02 2.03 2.02 2.11 W 2.07 2.57 2.58 2.50 2.65 2.64 2.64 2004 2.78 2.78 2.81 2.85 2.80 2.81 2.69 2.77 2.78 2.78 2.78 2.78 2005 3.11 3.12 3.17 3.31 3.38 3.32 3.54 3.54 3.53 3.59 3.58 3.66 2006 3.52 3.52 3.42 3.68 3.63 3.74 3.51 3.38 3.72 3.79 3.94 3.88 2007 3.75 3.54 3.59 3.64 3.56 3.48 3.57 3.57 3.64 3.51 3.57 3.49 2008 W W W W W W W W W W W W 2009 W W

  14. Stereotactic Ablative Radiation Therapy as First Local Therapy for Lung Oligometastases From Colorectal Cancer: A Single-Institution Cohort Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Filippi, Andrea Riccardo; Badellino, Serena; Ceccarelli, Manuela; Guarneri, Alessia; Franco, Pierfrancesco; Monagheddu, Chiara; Spadi, Rosella; Ragona, Riccardo; Racca, Patrizia; Ricardi, Umberto

    2015-03-01

    Purpose: To estimate stereotactic ablative radiation therapy (SABR) efficacy and its potential role as an alternative to surgery for the treatment of lung metastases from colorectal cancer. Methods and Materials: Forty consecutive patients who received SABR as first local therapy at the time of lung progression were included, from 2004 to 2014. The primary study endpoint was overall survival. Secondary endpoints were progression-free survival and safety. Results: A single nodule was treated in 26 patients (65%), 2 nodules in 10 patients (25%), 3 in 3 patients (7.5%), and 4 in 1 patient (2.5%), for a total of 59 lesions. The median delivered biological effective dose was 96 Gy, in 1 to 8 daily fractions. Median follow-up time was 20 months (range, 3-72 months). Overall survival rates at 1, 2, and 5 years were, respectively, 84%, 73%, and 39%, with 14 patients (35%) dead. Median overall survival was 46 months. Progression occurred in 25 patients (62.5%), at a median interval of 8 months; failure at SABR site was observed in 3 patients (7.5%). Progression-free survival rates were 49% and 27% at 1 and 2 years, respectively. Discussion: The results of this retrospective exploratory analysis suggest safety and efficacy of SABR in patients affected with colorectal cancer lung oligometastases and urge inclusion of SABR in prospective clinical trials.

  15. Wyoming Natural Gas Processed in Colorado (Million Cubic Feet)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Thousand Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2002 7.21 5.09 4.43 3.91 -- -- 2.85 2.89 2.22 2.21 5.84 21.17 2003 6.66 3.50 3.32 3.86 W 3.00 1.90 3.91 3.80 3.17 4.63 1.36 2004 2.74 2.41 2.48 2.92 8.00 2.11 4.44 3.37 2.99 2.29 3.72 2.97 2005 3.11 6.91 3.84 1.26 3.79 3.58 3.11 8.60 5.57 5.95 10.17 9.62 2006 W W W W 25.15 5.92 W W W W W W 2007 W W W W W 15.07 W W W W W W 2008 W W W W 9.12 W W 7.66 4.59 W W W 2009 W 4.80 W W W W W W W W W W 2010 W W W W W W W W W 5.35

  16. Calais, ME Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Million Cubic Feet)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's -- -- 5.62 2010's 4.53 4.46 4.30 8.45 6.22 3.23 Cubic Feet)

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 6.45 5.86 4.53 3.69 3.67 2012 4.88 3.49 2.65 1.81 2.28 3.18 2.93 2.71 3.25 6.04 6.33 2013 10.44 17.83 6.97 5.75 4.33 3.72 4.21 3.26 3.38 3.96 5.02 13.54 2014 14.70 17.69 19.02 5.11 3.81 4.55 2.86 2.67 3.12 2.47 5.75 5.35 2015 8.28 16.90 8.24 3.05 1.97 1.62 1.67 1.92 2.49

  17. Maryland Natural Gas Delivered for the Account of Others

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Sep-15 Oct-15 Nov-15 Dec-15 Jan-16 Feb-16 View History Delivered to Consumers 1,050 1,053 1,049 1,050 1,061 1,055 2013-2016

    4,488 -13 42 27 -5 41 1980-2014 Additions 4,859 366 394 386 461 604 1980-2014 Withdrawals 371 378 352 359 466 563

    Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 100.0 1990's 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 98.4 96.8 0.9 82.7 2000's 74.5 80.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2010's 100.0 79.3 77.0 74.3 72.8

  18. Direct Carbon Conversion: Application to the Efficient Conversion of Fossil Fuels to Electricity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cooper, J F; Cherepy, N; Berry, G; Pasternak, A; Surles, T; Steinberg, M

    2001-03-07

    We introduce a concept for efficient conversion of fossil fuels to electricity that entails the decomposition of fossil-derived hydrocarbons into carbon and hydrogen, and electrochemical conversion of these fuels in separate fuel cells. Carbon/air fuel cells have the advantages of near zero entropy change and associated heat production (allowing 100% theoretical conversion efficiency). The activities of the C fuel and CO{sub 2} product are invariant, allowing constant EMF and full utilization of fuel in single pass mode of operation. System efficiency estimates were conducted for several routes involving sequential extraction of a hydrocarbon from the fossil resource by (hydro) pyrolysis followed by thermal decomposition. The total energy conversion efficiencies of the processes were estimated to be (1) 80% for direct conversion of petroleum coke; (2) 67% HHV for CH{sub 4}; (3) 72% HHV for heavy oil (modeled using properties of decane); (4) 75.5% HHV (83% LHV) for natural gas conversion with a Rankine bottoming cycle for the H{sub 2} portion; and (5) 69% HHV for conversion of low rank coals and lignite through hydrogenation and pyrolysis of the CH{sub 4} intermediate. The cost of carbon fuel is roughly $7/GJ, based on the cost of the pyrolysis step in the industrial furnace black process. Cell hardware costs are estimated to be less than $500/kW.

  19. Morphology and structure features of ZnAl{sub 2}O{sub 4} spinel nanoparticles prepared by matrix-isolation-assisted calcination

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Du, Xuelian; Li, Liqiang; Zhang, Wenxing; Chen, Wencong; Cui, Yuting

    2015-01-15

    Graphical abstract: The substrate ZnO as the isolation medium is effective in preventing the sintering and agglomeration of ZnAl{sub 2}O{sub 4} nanoparticles, and it also prevents their contamination. High purity, well-dispersed, and single-crystal ZnAl{sub 2}O{sub 4} nanoparticles with 3.72 eV band gap were obtained. - Abstract: Well-dispersed ZnAl{sub 2}O{sub 4} spinel nanoparticles with an average crystalline size of 25.7 nm were synthesized successfully and easily by polymer-network and matrix-isolation-assisted calcination. The product microstructure and features were investigated by X-ray diffractometry, thermogravimetric and differential thermal analysis, Fourier transform-infrared spectroscopy, N{sub 2} adsorptiondesorption isotherms, and energy dispersive X-ray spectra. The morphology and optical performance of the as-prepared ZnAl{sub 2}O{sub 4} nanoparticles were characterized by scanning electron microscope, transmission electron microscopy, and photoluminescence spectrometer. Experimental results indicate that excess ZnO acted as the isolation medium is effective in preventing the sintering and agglomeration of ZnAl{sub 2}O{sub 4} nanoparticles, and it also prevents their contamination. Then, high purity and well-dispersed ZnAl{sub 2}O{sub 4} nanoparticles with single-crystal structure were obtained.

  20. DACS upgrade acceptance test procedure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zuehlke, A.C.

    1994-09-28

    The readiness of the Data Acquisition and Control System (DACS) to provide monitoring and control of the mixer pump, directional drive system, and the instrumentation associated with the SY-101 tank and support systems, and the proper functioning of the DACS with new Model 984-785 Programmable Logic Controllers (PLCs), new MODBUS PLUS version 2.01 software for the PLCs, and version 3.72 of the GENESIS software will be systematically evaluated by performance of this procedure. The DACS, which is housed in a trailer located just outside of the north fence at the SY tank farm, receives input signals from a variety of sensors located in and around the SY-101 tanks. These sensors provide information such as: tank vapor space and ventilation system H{sub 2} concentration; tank waste temperature; tank pressure; waste density; operating pump parameters such as speed, flow, rotational position, discharge pressure, and internal temperature; strain (for major equipment); and waste level. The output of these sensors is conditioned and transmitted to the DACS computers where these signals are displayed, recorded, and monitored for out-of-specification conditions. If abnormal conditions are detected, then, in certain situations, the DACS automatically generates alarms and causes the system to abort pump operations.

  1. Development of large-area monolithically integrated Silicon-Film photovoltaic modules. Annual subcontract report, 16 November 1991--31 December 1992

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rand, J.A.; Cotter, J.E.; Ingram, A.E.; Ruffins, T.R.; Shreve, K.P.; Hall, R.B.; Barnett, A.M.

    1993-06-01

    This report describes work to develop Silicon-Film{trademark} Product III into a low-cost, stable solar cell for large-scale terrestrial power applications. The Product III structure is a thin (< 100-{mu}m) polycrystalline layer of silicon on a durable, insulating, ceramic substrate. The insulating substrate allows the silicon layer to be isolated and metallized to form a monolithically interconnected array of solar cells. High efficiency is achievable with the use of light trapping and a passivated back surface. The long-term goal for the product is a 1200-cm{sup 2}, 18%-efficient, monolithic array. The short-term objectives are to improve material quality and to fabricate 100 cm{sup 2} monolithically interconnected solar cell arrays. Low minority-carrier diffusion length in the silicon film and series resistance in the interconnected device structure are presently limiting device performance. Material quality is continually improving through reduced impurity contamination. Metallization schemes, such as a solder-dipped interconnection process, have been developed that will allow low-cost production processing and minimize R{sub s} effects. Test data for a nine-cell device (16 cm{sup 2}) indicated a V{sub oc} of 3.72 V. These first-reported monolithically interconnected multicrystalline silicon-on-ceramic devices show low shunt conductance (< 0.1 mA/cm{sup 2}) due to limited conduction through the ceramic and no process-related metallization shunts.

  2. Buildings Energy Data Book: 2.3 Residential Sector Expenditures

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    5 2010 Residential Energy End-Use Expenditure Splits, by Fuel Type ($2010 Billion) (1) Natural Petroleum Gas Distil. LPG Kerosene Total Coal Electricity Total Percent Space Heating (2) 38.7 11.2 8.0 19.8 0.0 14.3 72.9 28.9% Space Cooling (3) 0.0 35.4 35.4 14.0% Water Heating (4) 14.3 2.1 2.0 4.0 14.2 32.6 12.9% Lighting 22.6 22.6 9.0% Refrigeration (5) 14.9 14.9 5.9% Electronics (6) 17.8 17.8 7.1% Cooking 2.4 0.8 0.8 6.0 9.2 3.7% Wet Cleaning (7) 0.6 10.7 11.3 4.5% Computers 5.6 5.6 2.2% Other

  3. Virginia Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential Consumers (Dollars

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1960's 1.46 1.44 1.43 1970's 1.49 1.52 1.60 1.68 1.87 2.24 2.54 3.03 3.27 3.72 1980's 4.26 4.66 6.02 7.03 6.99 7.02 6.49 5.86 5.81 6.59 1990's 6.75 6.80 6.69 7.51 7.63 7.18 7.94 8.60 8.57 8.61 2000's 9.98 11.96 9.78 11.84 13.04 15.15 16.20 15.42 16.19 13.83 2010's 12.73 12.72 12.42 11.68 12.07 11.58

  4. Washington Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Thousand Cubic Feet) Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Washington Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1960's 0.22 0.21 0.22 1970's 0.22 0.24 0.28 0.33 0.44 0.65 0.78 1.67 1.92 2.38 1980's 3.92 4.34 4.72 3.98 3.72 3.12 2.52 2.11 1.99 2.06 1990's 2.04 1.98 1.89 1.37 1.84 1.78 1.77 1.89 1.76 2.03 2000's 3.07 2.82 NA -- -- -- - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable;

  5. Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Egypt (Dollars per

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Thousand Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2003 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 2004 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 2005 -- -- -- 7.02 -- 7.43 6.67 8.48 11.42 13.97 12.89 11.06 2006 8.31 8.11 -- 7.02 6.93 5.68 5.67 7.00 6.76 4.05 7.12 8.26 2007 5.77 6.73 7.42 7.56 7.44 7.50 6.76 5.98 5.20 6.68 7.56 -- 2008 7.46 -- -- 9.68 11.45 12.12 13.35 9.31 8.35 7.50 6.36 6.88 2009 6.35 4.38 3.45 3.90 3.54 3.51 3.86 4.02 3.18 4.15 4.13 4.54 2010 5.72 6.07 4.80 3.72

  6. Virginia Proved Nonproducing Reserves

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1960's 1.46 1.44 1.43 1970's 1.49 1.52 1.60 1.68 1.87 2.24 2.54 3.03 3.27 3.72 1980's 4.26 4.66 6.02 7.03 6.99 7.02 6.49 5.86 5.81 6.59 1990's 6.75 6.80 6.69 7.51 7.63 7.18 7.94 8.60 8.57 8.61 2000's 9.98 11.96 9.78 11.84 13.04 15.15 16.20 15.42 16.19 13.83 2010's 12.73 12.72 12.42 11.68 12.07 11.58 Thousand Cubic Feet)

    Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7

  7. Port of Del Bonita, MT Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Million

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 1.04 1.04 1.37 2.66 2000's 4.52 4.64 2.66 4.68 -- 9.18 -- 6.86 9.43 3.39 2010's 4.19 4.21 2.85 3.46 4.39 2.16 per Thousand Cubic Feet)

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 4.48 4.22 4.48 4.63 4.77 4.39 4.51 4.22 4.23 3.76 3.74 3.29 2012 3.00 2.70 2.42 2.48 2.47 2.08 2.60 2.64 2.80 3.54 3.74 3.60 2013 3.45 3.45 3.77 3.93 3.85 3.43 2.97 2.73 2.50 3.66 3.72

  8. Calais, ME Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Dollars per Thousand

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 6.45 5.86 4.53 3.69 3.67 2012 4.88 3.49 2.65 1.81 2.28 3.18 2.93 2.71 3.25 6.04 6.33 2013 10.44 17.83 6.97 5.75 4.33 3.72 4.21 3.26 3.38 3.96 5.02 13.54 2014 14.70 17.69 19.02 5.11 3.81 4.55 2.86 2.67 3.12 2.47 5.75 5.35 2015 8.28 16.90 8.24 3.05 1.97 1.62 1.67 1.92 2.49 3.34 4.21 2.92 2016 4.71 3.74

  9. Massachusetts Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers (Dollars

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    per Thousand Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2002 2.91 2.62 3.09 3.32 3.51 3.41 3.43 3.44 3.72 3.86 4.23 5.03 2003 5.35 6.65 6.64 5.48 W 5.83 5.46 5.02 4.99 5.04 4.89 6.22 2004 10.06 6.26 6.02 6.05 6.51 6.66 6.44 6.04 5.39 6.39 6.69 7.46 2005 8.70 6.99 7.70 7.82 7.33 7.83 8.31 10.00 12.87 14.76 10.98 14.59 2006 9.87 9.05 8.52 7.95 7.11 6.96 6.76 8.15 5.59 6.04 8.03 7.84 2007 7.78 10.16 8.60 8.72 8.59 8.29 7.05 7.10 6.83 7.42 8.13 10.29 2008 11.34 10.65 10.77

  10. Nebraska Price of Natural Gas Sold to Commercial Consumers (Dollars per

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Thousand Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1989 4.05 3.95 3.74 3.67 3.73 3.78 3.49 3.59 3.58 3.62 3.75 3.99 1990 4.30 3.82 3.84 3.60 3.96 3.70 3.56 3.58 3.57 3.77 4.11 4.18 1991 4.52 3.91 3.71 3.79 3.70 3.58 3.53 3.55 3.70 3.97 4.06 4.08 1992 4.12 3.87 3.76 3.69 3.75 3.98 3.69 3.78 3.93 4.21 4.27 4.31 1993 4.33 4.19 4.15 4.23 4.57 4.12 4.54 4.18 4.79 4.21 4.16 4.27 1994 4.48 4.36 4.52 4.55 5.34 3.80 3.72 3.69 3.79 4.04 3.95 4.07 1995 4.21 4.09 4.09 4.02 5.16

  11. Alaska Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers (Dollars per

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Thousand Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2002 W 2.57 2.77 2.46 2.38 2.40 2.12 2.12 2.11 2.02 2.02 1.98 2003 2.02 2.03 2.02 2.11 W 2.07 2.57 2.58 2.50 2.65 2.64 2.64 2004 2.78 2.78 2.81 2.85 2.80 2.81 2.69 2.77 2.78 2.78 2.78 2.78 2005 3.11 3.12 3.17 3.31 3.38 3.32 3.54 3.54 3.53 3.59 3.58 3.66 2006 3.52 3.52 3.42 3.68 3.63 3.74 3.51 3.38 3.72 3.79 3.94 3.88 2007 3.75 3.54 3.59 3.64 3.56 3.48 3.57 3.57 3.64 3.51 3.57 3.49 2008 W W W W W W W W W W W W 2009 W W

  12. Feasibility/treatability studies for removal of heavy metals from training range soils at the Grafenwoehr Training Area, Germany

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peters, R.W.

    1995-05-01

    A feasibility/treatability study was performed to investigate the leaching potential of heavy metals (particularly lead) from soils at the Grafenw6hr Training Area (GTA) in Germany. The study included an evaluation of the effectiveness of chelant extraction to remediate the heavy-metal-contarninated soils. Batch shaker tests indicated that ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) (0.01M) was more effective than citric acid (0.01M) at removing cadmium, copper, lead, and zinc. EDTA and citric acid were equally effective in mobilizing chromium and barium from the soil. The batch shaker technique with chelant extraction offers promise as a remediation technique for heavy-metal-contaninated soil at the GTA. Columnar flooding tests conducted as part of the study revealed that deionized water was the least effective leaching solution for mobilization of the heavy metals; the maximum solubilization obtained was 3.72% for cadmium. EDTA (0.05M) achieved the greatest removal of lead (average removal of 17.6%). The difficulty of extraction using deionized water indicates that all of the heavy metals are very tightly bound to the soil; therefore, they are very stable in the GTA soils and do not pose a serious threat to the groundwater system. Columnar flooding probably does not represent a viable remediation technique for in-situ cleanup of heavy-metal-contaminated soils at the GTA.

  13. Wyoming Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers (Dollars per

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Thousand Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2002 7.21 5.09 4.43 3.91 -- -- 2.85 2.89 2.22 2.21 5.84 21.17 2003 6.66 3.50 3.32 3.86 W 3.00 1.90 3.91 3.80 3.17 4.63 1.36 2004 2.74 2.41 2.48 2.92 8.00 2.11 4.44 3.37 2.99 2.29 3.72 2.97 2005 3.11 6.91 3.84 1.26 3.79 3.58 3.11 8.60 5.57 5.95 10.17 9.62 2006 W W W W 25.15 5.92 W W W W W W 2007 W W W W W 15.07 W W W W W W 2008 W W W W 9.12 W W 7.66 4.59 W W W 2009 W 4.80 W W W W W W W W W W 2010 W W W W W W W W W 5.35

  14. http://www.nrc.gov/reading-rm/doc-collections/cfr/part020/full...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    ... during the current year. (b) Prior to permitting an individual to participate in a ... individual. (c) In complying with the requirements of paragraphs (a) or (b) of this ...

  15. Sandia National Laboratories

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... based; however, it achieves its versatility and accuracy from the fact that individual equations used in the model are derived from individual solar cell characteristics. ...

  16. Reciprocity Checklist - August 24, 2011 | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    agency or program: you cannot request the individual to complete a new security questionnaire; you cannot review existing background investigations for the individual; you ...

  17. Data and Modeling Techniques | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    and then quantitative models of individual reservoirs. The constraint on individual models is improved as the number of independent data types and sets increases. Other...

  18. Baseline Control Measures.pdf

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Individual Permit Baseline Control Measures at Los Alamos National Laboratory, Poster, Individual Permit for Storm Water, NPDES Permit No. NM0030759 Author(s): Veenis, Steven J....

  19. Enhanced Control Installations.pdf

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    correctness. Title: Individual Permit, High Priority Sites, Examples of Enhanced Control Installations, Poster, Individual Permit for Storm Water, NPDES Permit No. NM0030759...

  20. TSO-01110- In the Matter of Personnel Security Hearing

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This case involves an Individual with a longstanding pattern of failing to meet his financial obligations. After obtaining information indicating that the Individual had a large number of...

  1. TSO-1005- In the Matter of Personnel Security Hearing

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This case involves an Individual with a longstanding pattern of failing to meet his financial obligations. After obtaining information indicating that the Individual had several debts that were...

  2. SMA Locations.pdf

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Los Alamos National Laboratory Stormwater Individual Permit Areas, Poster, Individual Permit for Storm Water, NPDES Permit No. NM0030759 Author(s): Veenis, Steven J. Intended for: ...

  3. Time dependent particle emission from fission products (Conference...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    recent experimental effort utilizing the Total Absorption Gamma-ray Spectrometer (TAGS) to determine individual beta-decay transition probabilities to individual nuclear levels. ...

  4. DOE F 5484.3 | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    DOE F 5484.3 Form supports investigations of individual accidents or incidents. PDF icon INDIVIDUAL ACCIDENTINCIDENT REPORT More Documents & Publications DOE F 5484.4 CAIRS Direct ...

  5. Summary of Decisions - May 26, 2014 - May 30, 2014 | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    The individual has a history of four arrests for Driving Under the Influence of Alcohol (DUI). A DOE psychologist also found that the individual habitually used alcohol to...

  6. Security Cases | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    of the individual to address concerns about his falsification of information and alcohol use. The individual's behavior raised security concerns under Criteria F, H and L....

  7. Summary of Decisions - December 3, 2012 - December 7, 2012 |...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    the individual had successfully addressed the DOE's security concerns regarding his alcohol consumption. Specifically, the Hearing Officer concluded that the individual's eight...

  8. PSH-12-0059 - In the Matter of Personnel Security Hearing | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Security Office (LSO) conducted a Personnel Security Interview (PSI) of the individual to address concerns about the individual's falsifications and financial irresponsibility. ...

  9. Privacy Act (PA) of 1974 | National Nuclear Security Administration

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    records maintained by agencies. To grant individuals increased rights of access to agency records maintained on themselves. To grant individuals the right to see Amendment of ...

  10. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... transport in the solar system; and (6) Laboratory ... blocks for analysis of a more general class of diseases. ... individual and (ii) the change in the individual's ...

  11. SSRL- Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    this award, but only nominations for individuals will be considered (no group awards). Letters of nominations summarizing the individual's contributions and why they should be...

  12. At-a-Glance: Comparing the 2015 Medicare Supplement, PPO and...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    750 Family 500 Individual 1500 Family 150 Individual 450 Family 0 by member plan pays deductibles : Medicare Part A Deductible, Medicare Part B Deductible 3,000...

  13. Privacy Act Violations | National Nuclear Security Administration

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    agency knowingly and willfully discloses individually identifiable information to any person or agency without written consent of the individual to whom the information applies....

  14. The original of this document contains information which is subject...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    random breath alcohol test to the Individual. That test indicated that the Individual's blood alcohol level was .034 percent. This incident led the Local Security Office (LSO) to...

  15. Percent of Industrial Natural Gas Deliveries in South Carolina Represented

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    by the Price (Percent) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2001 91.8 86.4 82.7 82.0 77.6 80.8 80.2 80.2 80.3 79.8 82.4 84.4 2002 89.9 87.6 85.4 88.3 90.4 87.4 90.5 84.4 90.3 90.3 84.3 82.9 2003 79.4 79.6 75.8 79.3 81.8 81.7 78.9 77.3 78.4 77.0 76.5 75.9 2004 76.9 75.6 77.0 79.2 79.0 78.2 78.5 79.0 78.6 78.3 77.2 76.4 2005 78.2 78.8 78.0 77.4 78.1 78.2 78.8 78.7 73.2 76.4 67.9 81.3 2006 80.1 78.6 74.0 80.2 71.2 75.3 75.9 77.2 70.6 74.8 48.6 44.6 2007 48.9 48.4 47.5 46.1 47.5

  16. Price of U.S. Natural Gas LNG Imports (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1997 3.00 3.00 2.98 2.23 2.39 2.48 1999 2.42 2.76 2.44 2.24 1.99 2.11 2.22 2.32 2.58 2.51 2.98 2.83 2000 2.85 3.33 2.77 2.90 3.06 3.49 3.51 3.29 3.70 3.96 3.61 4.77 2001 6.72 5.86 5.42 4.72 4.29 4.19 3.87 3.51 3.35 2.24 2.89 2.95 2002 3.70 2.97 2.65 3.07 3.33 3.38 3.33 3.14 3.32 3.39 3.84 4.35 2003 4.69 4.83 5.41 5.40 4.79 5.02 5.27 4.40 4.60 4.31 4.34 4.78 2004 5.71 5.78 5.23 5.25 5.62 6.15 5.71 5.68 5.05 5.42 6.96 7.18 2005 6.29 6.34 6.17

  17. Nebraska Natural Gas % of Total Residential - Sales (Percent)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2002 71.4 90.5 87.4 84.8 95.4 86.8 82.7 90.4 81.3 75.5 79.7 78.6 2003 80.3 93.4 87.6 91.1 95.3 94.9 87.9 80.0 95.4 69.4 78.6 80.7 2004 81.5 91.9 86.8 94.5 88.7 84.8 89.1 89.1 88.2 83.7 83.7 88.7 2005 86.1 87.2 86.3 83.0 84.5 86.5 85.0 84.4 85.5 83.9 84.3 84.1 2006 87.1 85.9 86.7 85.8 85.0 86.2 87.0 86.2 85.9 83.3 84.2 85.1 2007 84.9 87.4 89.4 86.1 87.5 86.9 88.7 85.5 83.3 77.5 76.6 83.9 2008 86.6 89.0 90.3 89.6 90.1 89.0 87.7 87.3 85.6 75.2

  18. Infrared laser induced plasma diagnostics of silver target

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ahmat, L. Nadeem, Ali; Ahmed, I.

    2014-09-15

    In the present work, the optical emission spectra of silver (Ag) plasma have been recorded and analyzed using the laser induced breakdown spectroscopy technique. The emission line intensities and plasma parameters were investigated as a function of lens to sample distance, laser irradiance, and distance from the target surface. The electron number density (n{sub e}) and electron temperature (T{sub e}) were determined using the Stark broadened line profile and Boltzmann plot method, respectively. A gradual increase in the spectral line intensities and the plasma parameters, n{sub e} from 2.89 × 10{sup 17} to 3.92 × 10{sup 17 }cm{sup −3} and T{sub e} from 4662 to 8967 K, was observed as the laser irradiance was increased 2.29 × 10{sup 10}–1.06 × 10{sup 11} W cm{sup −2}. The spatial variations in n{sub e} and T{sub e} were investigated from 0 to 5.25 mm from the target surface, yielding the electron number density from 4.78 × 10{sup 17} to 1.72 × 10{sup 17 }cm{sup −3} and electron temperature as 9869–3789 K. In addition, the emission intensities and the plasma parameters of silver were investigated by varying the ambient pressure from 0.36 to 1000 mbars.

  19. Percent of Commercial Natural Gas Deliveries in Alabama Represented by the

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Price (Percent) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1989 84.0 82.5 89.4 90.6 83.8 86.2 55.5 83.6 78.9 84.4 78.4 85.7 1990 86.9 82.1 80.0 76.8 74.9 79.8 76.8 73.3 76.5 78.0 69.7 81.4 1991 82.2 87.0 87.9 83.2 84.0 85.4 85.7 81.3 75.8 74.4 75.5 81.7 1992 83.7 86.8 84.0 83.2 79.0 77.6 75.3 74.7 74.4 73.2 74.2 80.6 1993 84.1 85.3 85.8 84.0 79.8 76.8 75.9 74.0 74.4 71.3 74.7 79.3 1994 86.1 87.7 84.1 83.1 78.0 76.5 74.8 71.8 64.7 70.0 73.6 76.7 1995 82.5 85.7 85.8 81.4 77.5 75.7

  20. Percent of Commercial Natural Gas Deliveries in Nevada Represented by the

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Price (Percent) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1989 98.0 98.1 96.9 95.0 94.2 94.3 92.7 91.7 91.2 96.2 97.2 98.8 1990 99.1 99.4 97.7 97.0 96.4 96.7 95.7 95.0 95.1 96.8 98.4 99.1 1991 99.4 99.4 94.3 92.2 90.6 87.2 84.0 85.2 79.5 84.3 82.2 89.0 1992 90.6 89.5 88.3 87.2 83.7 84.0 84.8 81.4 82.7 88.9 88.5 95.4 1993 97.0 96.0 94.3 91.0 92.5 90.6 89.7 86.7 89.6 89.7 90.9 93.5 1994 93.8 89.3 86.1 81.3 80.1 79.6 76.4 74.5 76.4 73.9 76.7 81.4 1995 81.5 83.2 77.4 78.9 77.1 76.5

  1. Percent of Commercial Natural Gas Deliveries in Ohio Represented by the

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Price (Percent) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1989 87.4 88.1 87.1 86.0 81.2 74.4 75.5 75.0 78.9 85.1 87.8 90.3 1990 89.9 89.2 89.9 86.4 82.4 78.5 77.0 75.6 77.7 83.0 87.9 91.4 1991 91.6 90.0 87.2 83.6 78.6 74.7 75.5 73.7 75.6 82.6 87.8 89.8 1992 89.1 88.0 88.4 85.7 78.9 73.9 72.0 73.5 73.1 84.2 85.7 88.5 1993 89.4 87.0 86.9 83.8 76.1 73.9 74.6 69.4 72.6 82.8 84.5 86.3 1994 87.4 86.5 84.9 78.4 75.9 70.5 66.7 67.5 66.5 75.1 78.7 81.5 1995 81.0 80.0 78.6 76.8 67.8 61.4

  2. Natural Gas Citygate Price in Rhode Island (Dollars per Thousand Cubic

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1989 3.47 3.47 3.36 3.22 3.91 4.85 5.42 4.91 4.63 3.55 3.51 3.49 1990 3.68 3.71 3.61 3.32 3.79 4.07 4.21 3.84 3.59 3.44 3.74 3.91 1991 3.74 3.66 3.35 3.55 3.62 3.73 3.95 3.57 3.67 3.95 3.88 3.60 1992 3.52 3.40 3.06 3.38 3.99 4.21 4.26 4.87 4.58 4.45 4.49 3.67 1993 3.57 3.12 3.34 4.09 6.59 6.17 7.73 6.64 7.37 4.78 4.75 3.93 1994 3.50 3.67 4.00 4.59 6.30 5.40 6.27 6.17 5.39 3.98 3.36 3.16 1995 3.04 2.71 2.76 3.25 4.20 5.53 6.46 5.85

  3. Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy Versus 3-Dimensional Conformal Radiation Therapy for Anal Cancer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hodges, Joseph C.; Beg, Muhammad S.; Das, Prajnan; Meyer, Jeffrey

    2014-07-15

    Purpose: To compare the cost-effectiveness of intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) and 3-dimensional conformal radiation therapy (3D-CRT) for anal cancer and determine disease, patient, and treatment parameters that influence the result. Methods and Materials: A Markov decision model was designed with the various disease states for the base case of a 65-year-old patient with anal cancer treated with either IMRT or 3D-CRT and concurrent chemotherapy. Health states accounting for rates of local failure, colostomy failure, treatment breaks, patient prognosis, acute and late toxicities, and the utility of toxicities were informed by existing literature and analyzed with deterministic and probabilistic sensitivity analysis. Results: In the base case, mean costs and quality-adjusted life expectancy in years (QALY) for IMRT and 3D-CRT were $32,291 (4.81) and $28,444 (4.78), respectively, resulting in an incremental cost-effectiveness ratio of $128,233/QALY for IMRT compared with 3D-CRT. Probabilistic sensitivity analysis found that IMRT was cost-effective in 22%, 47%, and 65% of iterations at willingness-to-pay thresholds of $50,000, $100,000, and $150,000 per QALY, respectively. Conclusions: In our base model, IMRT was a cost-ineffective strategy despite the reduced acute treatment toxicities and their associated costs of management. The model outcome was sensitive to variations in local and colostomy failure rates, as well as patient-reported utilities relating to acute toxicities.

  4. Kansas Natural Gas Industrial Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2001 8.77 10.38 7.59 7.09 6.09 5.29 4.78 4.48 4.65 3.29 3.09 3.99 2002 4.67 4.36 3.55 3.54 3.53 3.43 3.39 3.32 3.47 4.08 4.84 4.67 2003 5.44 5.49 6.14 5.94 4.79 5.27 4.89 4.63 4.47 4.61 4.92 5.39 2004 7.30 7.93 6.36 5.82 5.83 6.42 6.50 6.44 5.85 6.64 7.42 8.41 2005 8.81 8.69 8.62 8.33 7.27 6.61 7.10 7.26 7.83 10.44 10.55 11.14 2006 12.86 11.29 9.26 7.40 6.75 6.05 5.99 6.44 6.66 6.32 7.40 9.25 2007 9.70 9.73 10.30 9.65 7.91 7.75 7.16 6.51 6.35

  5. Kentucky Natural Gas Industrial Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2001 8.55 8.47 8.09 7.29 6.31 5.90 5.58 5.10 4.29 4.78 5.09 4.77 2002 4.88 4.69 4.15 4.57 4.50 4.26 4.14 3.99 4.25 4.66 5.46 5.36 2003 5.80 6.30 8.68 6.38 6.42 6.88 6.54 6.03 6.40 5.88 6.42 6.92 2004 7.65 7.53 6.89 6.77 6.84 7.39 7.27 7.21 6.61 6.97 8.58 8.08 2005 7.92 8.11 7.89 8.38 8.17 7.79 8.32 8.91 11.11 13.42 14.35 12.71 2006 14.01 12.04 10.47 9.40 9.66 8.17 8.08 8.48 8.12 7.19 9.00 9.40 2007 7.92 8.56 8.64 8.57 8.72 8.70 8.31 7.65 6.91

  6. 2004 Federal Energy and Water Management Award Winners

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Lists of 2004 Federal Energy and Water Conservation awards to individuals, organizations, and small groups.

  7. Pacific Northwest Laboratory annual report for 1979 to the DOE Assistant Secretary for Environment. Part 1. Biomedical sciences. [Lead abstract

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-02-01

    Separate abstracts were prepared for the 101 individual papers presented in this annual report. (ERB)

  8. ENSURING ACCESS TO FEDERALLY CONDUCTED PROGRAMS AND ACTIVITIES BY

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    INDIVIDUALS WITH LIMITED ENGLISH PROFICIENCY (LEP) PLAN | Department of Energy EEO

  9. IDEAS - Energy Innovation Portal

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    IDEAS Individuals Developing Effective Alternative Solutions Savannah River National Laboratory Contact SRNL About This Technology IDEAS Program (Individuals Developing Effective Alternative Solutions) IDEAS Program (Individuals Developing Effective Alternative Solutions) Technology Marketing Summary This is a comprehensive software program adaptable to any company or corporation conducting an employee suggestion program. The IDEAS (Individuals Developing Effective Alternative Solutions) program

  10. 2003 Federal Energy and Water Management Award Winners

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    List of 2003 Federal Energy and Water Management Award winners to individuals, small groups, and organizations.

  11. $|V_{ub}|$ from $B\\to\\pi\\ell\

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bailey, Jon A.; et al.

    2015-07-23

    We present a lattice-QCD calculation of the B → πℓν semileptonic form factors and a new determination of the CKM matrix element |Vub|. We use the MILC asqtad (2+1)-flavor lattice configurations at four lattice spacings and light-quark masses down to 1/20 of the physical strange-quark mass. We extrapolate the lattice form factors to the continuum using staggered chiral perturbation theory in the hard-pion and SU(2) limits. We employ a model-independent z parametrization to extrapolate our lattice form factors from large-recoil momentum to the full kinematic range. We introduce a new functional method to propagate information from the chiral-continuum extrapolation to the z expansion. We present our results together with a complete systematic error budget, including a covariance matrix to enable the combination of our form factors with other lattice-QCD and experimental results. To obtain |Vub|, we simultaneously fit the experimental data for the B → πℓν differential decay rate obtained by the BABAR and Belle collaborations together with our lattice form-factor results. We find |Vub|=(3.72±0.16) × 10–3, where the error is from the combined fit to lattice plus experiments and includes all sources of uncertainty. Our form-factor results bring the QCD error on |Vub| to the same level as the experimental error. We also provide results for the B → πℓν vector and scalar form factors obtained from the combined lattice and experiment fit, which are more precisely determined than from our lattice-QCD calculation alone. Lastly, these results can be used in other phenomenological applications and to test other approaches to QCD.

  12. Percent of Industrial Natural Gas Deliveries in Vermont Represented by the

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Price (Percent) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2001 95.2 80.1 79.2 79.2 69.2 67.8 65.6 67.7 70.7 73.3 76.0 79.0 2002 77.7 78.3 78.6 78.2 72.6 66.8 66.7 65.1 66.8 72.6 76.2 85.5 2003 87.3 100.0 100.0 75.7 74.2 72.4 75.0 67.7 70.4 73.2 77.4 80.1 2004 79.9 84.7 80.7 82.2 78.6 73.8 70.0 68.3 69.2 76.4 82.1 83.7 2005 83.6 86.4 82.6 78.0 74.4 71.5 72.1 83.9 94.3 82.4 75.7 96.4 2006 93.0 87.6 82.4 77.2 73.3 72.9 71.7 69.7 71.5 76.3 75.1 79.5 2007 83.0 84.1 81.8 76.2 72.2 71.7

  13. Percent of Commercial Natural Gas Deliveries in Kansas Represented by the

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Price (Percent) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1989 94.8 94.4 94.1 94.6 92.9 89.2 93.7 94.7 91.8 88.9 88.2 92.9 1990 92.7 90.8 90.6 92.6 91.6 93.1 94.3 94.0 93.3 87.0 88.0 89.4 1991 92.5 91.6 87.9 91.2 88.5 87.1 91.3 89.7 86.9 82.0 87.7 85.3 1992 82.9 83.8 83.9 86.8 88.8 86.8 88.4 88.9 86.9 81.1 78.0 82.7 1993 84.3 83.1 86.1 84.4 85.3 83.0 84.4 86.3 81.3 72.2 75.5 79.9 1994 82.2 85.6 82.3 75.3 69.9 70.4 70.9 71.5 71.9 77.1 83.9 79.5 1995 87.8 73.6 83.2 69.5 62.9 64.8

  14. Percent of Commercial Natural Gas Deliveries in Michigan Represented by the

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Price (Percent) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1989 75.8 74.5 76.0 71.7 64.9 47.6 51.7 50.8 57.5 64.4 69.5 73.5 1990 73.1 74.0 74.5 72.3 67.4 58.1 49.6 51.5 52.2 62.1 70.1 74.6 1991 73.0 72.2 72.4 67.3 62.1 51.2 44.3 41.2 47.5 60.1 87.2 70.0 1992 73.7 74.5 71.4 70.5 66.6 55.5 48.5 51.6 49.9 61.1 68.6 73.1 1993 74.5 72.3 72.6 68.0 63.7 51.6 50.5 54.4 50.9 63.1 68.1 73.1 1994 73.7 71.6 70.8 66.3 60.1 45.7 41.7 42.3 45.4 55.4 63.4 69.8 1995 72.5 72.2 71.2 68.0 61.5 45.8

  15. District of Columbia Natural Gas % of Total Residential - Sales (Percent)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2002 76.0 76.2 75.3 73.4 81.1 82.2 72.9 80.3 74.6 72.2 72.3 71.0 2003 70.4 71.0 69.3 63.9 64.8 75.9 55.6 69.6 77.6 71.8 73.7 74.8 2004 76.1 74.9 74.1 72.9 71.1 70.5 74.3 74.9 74.5 72.5 77.7 78.4 2005 81.0 79.1 78.9 74.5 76.2 85.2 80.8 74.1 80.3 78.0 81.0 81.0 2006 78.2 77.9 77.1 70.3 69.8 67.8 70.1 76.8 73.8 78.1 78.2 78.7 2007 77.0 80.1 73.9 74.4 62.5 77.4 68.0 77.1 67.8 74.0 75.2 78.5 2008 78.0 78.1 78.2 67.8 69.9 70.3 72.2 71.4 73.2 68.0

  16. Mississippi Natural Gas Industrial Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2001 11.59 7.72 6.09 6.16 6.13 4.61 4.85 4.27 4.04 3.79 4.68 3.72 2002 4.10 3.85 3.73 4.37 4.96 4.39 4.45 4.29 4.36 4.95 5.41 5.50 2003 5.39 6.84 8.53 5.36 5.80 6.49 5.86 5.69 6.52 6.23 6.87 6.36 2004 7.34 7.68 5.64 5.31 6.29 7.05 6.44 6.42 5.59 5.81 8.02 7.70 2005 6.34 7.37 7.39 8.13 7.67 7.40 7.55 8.42 9.87 13.41 14.54 13.10 2006 12.89 12.03 9.89 9.07 8.30 8.41 7.86 8.03 8.20 7.50 7.59 9.21 2007 8.41 8.11 8.76 8.58 8.77 8.80 8.39 7.70 7.22

  17. Natural Gas Citygate Price in Connecticut (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1989 3.27 3.34 3.24 3.18 3.54 4.21 4.29 3.81 3.89 3.38 3.53 3.34 1990 3.86 3.79 3.50 3.21 3.10 3.47 3.78 3.59 3.72 3.64 3.94 3.89 1991 3.56 3.82 3.50 2.78 3.13 3.54 4.22 4.27 3.96 3.40 3.27 3.40 1992 3.39 3.37 3.18 3.75 4.76 4.96 4.12 4.23 4.13 4.02 3.80 3.59 1993 3.70 3.27 3.31 4.32 5.51 4.61 5.37 4.04 3.94 3.60 3.20 4.10 1994 3.51 3.71 3.16 3.80 4.36 5.40 5.37 5.09 5.09 4.37 4.70 4.63 1995 4.42 4.73 4.88 4.74 5.28 5.11 5.54 5.30 4.80 4.27

  18. Natural Gas Citygate Price in Illinois (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1989 4.19 3.34 2.96 2.60 2.60 2.79 2.80 2.71 2.67 2.64 2.92 3.24 1990 3.91 3.72 3.28 2.85 2.48 2.75 2.57 2.64 2.80 2.62 3.40 3.56 1991 3.39 3.27 3.09 2.85 2.52 2.54 2.47 2.47 2.66 2.85 2.99 3.36 1992 3.52 2.99 2.71 2.97 2.72 2.89 3.08 3.19 3.36 3.60 3.47 3.53 1993 3.75 3.48 3.26 3.43 3.40 3.18 3.28 3.25 3.37 3.00 3.25 3.08 1994 3.06 3.39 3.55 3.28 2.86 3.33 2.62 2.93 2.65 2.38 2.80 2.82 1995 2.47 2.28 2.33 2.40 3.16 3.14 3.45 3.02 3.58 2.94

  19. Natural Gas Citygate Price in Nevada (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1989 3.45 2.94 4.18 3.12 4.02 3.50 3.51 3.26 3.03 2.71 3.31 3.22 1990 3.23 3.05 3.14 2.64 2.38 2.68 3.00 2.67 2.50 2.33 2.62 2.46 1991 2.54 2.43 2.22 2.08 2.32 2.30 2.52 2.52 2.33 2.11 2.19 2.26 1992 2.20 2.13 2.20 2.09 2.65 2.68 2.72 2.92 2.67 2.45 2.43 2.40 1993 2.57 2.36 2.66 3.29 3.73 3.55 3.74 4.75 4.49 3.72 3.01 2.76 1994 3.16 3.24 3.60 3.94 3.99 3.23 3.50 4.04 3.50 2.88 2.53 2.85 1995 2.80 3.15 2.62 2.35 2.86 2.92 3.46 3.06 3.23 2.64

  20. Natural Gas Citygate Price in New Jersey (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1989 3.06 3.56 3.01 2.73 3.18 3.16 3.44 3.10 3.12 3.19 3.09 3.41 1990 3.57 3.47 3.07 2.88 2.81 3.11 3.14 3.27 3.26 3.18 3.46 3.39 1991 3.32 3.17 2.76 2.91 3.00 3.30 2.88 3.31 3.48 3.41 3.22 3.05 1992 3.15 2.81 2.58 2.66 3.19 3.17 3.40 3.38 3.97 3.95 4.32 3.32 1993 3.32 2.82 3.27 3.44 4.26 4.18 4.69 4.30 3.84 3.40 3.49 3.54 1994 3.37 3.45 3.53 3.76 3.32 3.70 3.73 3.55 3.48 2.79 2.74 2.78 1995 3.12 3.09 3.11 3.25 3.21 3.60 4.02 3.72 3.40 3.74

  1. Natural Gas Citygate Price in Ohio (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1989 3.44 3.47 3.06 3.41 2.70 2.49 3.61 3.61 4.36 3.16 3.34 3.32 1990 3.01 3.16 3.16 2.74 3.03 3.12 3.03 2.88 2.66 2.86 3.34 3.27 1991 3.07 3.09 3.00 2.90 3.31 3.42 3.29 3.37 2.88 2.59 3.05 3.12 1992 2.96 2.98 2.87 2.96 3.35 3.43 3.72 3.71 3.60 3.84 3.51 3.69 1993 3.40 3.43 3.44 4.28 4.27 4.23 3.82 3.87 3.76 3.04 3.48 3.25 1994 3.48 3.47 3.62 3.56 3.38 3.38 3.53 4.18 2.83 3.48 3.35 3.48 1995 4.18 3.76 3.91 3.95 4.12 4.19 4.63 4.87 3.85 4.01

  2. Natural Gas Citygate Price in South Carolina (Dollars per Thousand Cubic

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1989 4.32 3.91 3.31 3.23 3.23 3.17 3.29 3.15 3.02 3.22 3.35 3.53 1990 3.54 3.45 3.20 3.12 3.24 3.15 2.65 2.64 2.46 2.85 3.40 3.66 1991 3.45 3.40 2.77 3.23 3.00 3.08 2.05 2.01 3.01 3.55 3.05 3.34 1992 3.24 2.99 2.70 2.75 2.93 3.10 3.22 3.38 3.48 3.74 3.56 3.56 1993 3.39 3.27 3.09 3.48 4.20 3.93 4.25 4.18 4.02 3.49 3.35 3.49 1994 3.33 3.71 3.92 4.27 4.01 4.05 4.20 3.61 3.72 3.37 3.58 3.31 1995 3.08 3.17 3.07 3.04 3.47 3.74 3.71 3.43

  3. Natural Gas Citygate Price in Wyoming (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1989 2.96 2.96 2.89 3.12 3.00 3.32 3.48 3.04 3.11 3.13 2.86 2.86 1990 2.81 2.94 2.88 2.86 4.65 3.63 3.27 3.88 3.37 2.56 2.68 2.77 1991 3.12 3.15 3.11 3.08 3.39 3.72 3.68 3.52 3.04 2.76 2.65 2.83 1992 2.95 2.95 2.83 3.23 3.43 3.63 3.36 3.32 3.01 2.66 2.55 2.69 1993 2.71 2.63 2.89 3.07 3.77 2.83 3.05 2.86 2.49 2.51 2.46 3.04 1994 3.21 3.30 3.21 3.05 3.73 2.87 2.97 3.07 2.61 2.19 2.14 2.99 1995 2.88 2.75 2.84 2.63 2.80 2.64 2.49 2.67 NA NA NA NA

  4. $$|V_{ub}|$$ from $$B\\to\\pi\\ell\

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Bailey, Jon A.; et al.

    2015-07-23

    We present a lattice-QCD calculation of the B → πℓν semileptonic form factors and a new determination of the CKM matrix element |Vub|. We use the MILC asqtad (2+1)-flavor lattice configurations at four lattice spacings and light-quark masses down to 1/20 of the physical strange-quark mass. We extrapolate the lattice form factors to the continuum using staggered chiral perturbation theory in the hard-pion and SU(2) limits. We employ a model-independent z parametrization to extrapolate our lattice form factors from large-recoil momentum to the full kinematic range. We introduce a new functional method to propagate information from the chiral-continuum extrapolation tomore » the z expansion. We present our results together with a complete systematic error budget, including a covariance matrix to enable the combination of our form factors with other lattice-QCD and experimental results. To obtain |Vub|, we simultaneously fit the experimental data for the B → πℓν differential decay rate obtained by the BABAR and Belle collaborations together with our lattice form-factor results. We find |Vub|=(3.72±0.16) × 10–3, where the error is from the combined fit to lattice plus experiments and includes all sources of uncertainty. Our form-factor results bring the QCD error on |Vub| to the same level as the experimental error. We also provide results for the B → πℓν vector and scalar form factors obtained from the combined lattice and experiment fit, which are more precisely determined than from our lattice-QCD calculation alone. Lastly, these results can be used in other phenomenological applications and to test other approaches to QCD.« less

  5. Henry Hub Natural Gas Spot Price (Dollars per Million Btu)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1997 3.45 2.15 1.89 2.03 2.25 2.20 2.19 2.49 2.88 3.07 3.01 2.35 1998 2.09 2.23 2.24 2.43 2.14 2.17 2.17 1.85 2.02 1.91 2.12 1.72 1999 1.85 1.77 1.79 2.15 2.26 2.30 2.31 2.80 2.55 2.73 2.37 2.36 2000 2.42 2.66 2.79 3.04 3.59 4.29 3.99 4.43 5.06 5.02 5.52 8.90 2001 8.17 5.61 5.23 5.19 4.19 3.72 3.11 2.97 2.19 2.46 2.34 2.30 2002 2.32 2.32 3.03 3.43 3.50 3.26 2.99 3.09 3.55 4.13 4.04 4.74 2003 5.43 7.71 5.93 5.26 5.81 5.82 5.03 4.99 4.62 4.63

  6. PSH-13-0098- In the Matter of Personnel Security

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    On December 12, 2013, an OHA Hearing Officer issued a Decision in which she determined that an Individuals access authorization should not be granted. In reaching this determination, the Hearing...

  7. TSO-1016- In the Matter of Personnel Security

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The administrative review proceeding began with the issuance of a Notification Letter to the Individual. See 10 C.F.R. ' 710.21. The letter informed the Individual that information in the...

  8. High Temperature Materials Laboratory User Program: 19th Annual Report, October 1, 2005 - September 30, 2006

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pasto, Arvid

    2007-08-01

    Annual Report contains overview of the High Temperature Materials Laboratory User Program and includes selected highlights of user activities for FY2006. Report is submitted to individuals within sponsoring DOE agency and to other interested individuals.

  9. PSH-13-0033- In the Matter of Personnel Security

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    On July 31, 2013, an OHA Hearing Officer issued a decision in which he concluded that a security clearance should not be granted to an individual.  The individual disclosed during his background...

  10. PSH-12-0145- In the matter of Personnel Security Hearing

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    On April 16, 2013, a Hearing Officer issued a Decision in which he determined that an individuals access authorization should be restored. In reaching this determination, the Hearing Officer found...

  11. PSH-12-0013- In the Matter of Personnel Security Hearing

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The individual works for a Department of Energy (DOE) contractor and holds a DOE access authorization, now in suspension. In 2007 through 2009, the individual provided inconsistent information to...

  12. PSH-12-0065- In the Matter of Personnel Security Hearing

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Individual is a contractor employee at a DOE facility. Exhibit (Ex.) 10 at 3. The Local Security Office (LSO) discovered that the Individual failed to list a 2004 Driving Under the Influence ...

  13. PSH-11-0029- In the Matter of Personnel Security Hearing

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The individual is employed by a Department of Energy (DOE) contractor, and was granted a security clearance in connection with that employment. A routine reinvestigation of the individual revealed...

  14. PSH-11-0010- In the Matter of Personnel Security Hearing

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Individual is employed by a DOE contractor and has held a DOE access authorization for several years. DOE Exhibit (Ex.) 13 at 2. In June 2011, the Individual was cited for Disorderly and Lewd...

  15. United States Government Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Maintenance Mgt. 0.1 0.1 Fire Protection Engineering 0.7 0.7 Performed by SSO individual. Industrial Hygiene 2 2 Instrumentation & Control 0.2 0.2 Performed by SSO individual...

  16. PSH-12-0093- In the Matter of Personnel Security Hearing

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    On November 15, 2012, an OHA Hearing Officer issued a decision in which he concluded that an individual should be granted authorization access. A Local Security Office denied the individual a...

  17. PSH-13-0031- In the Matter of Personnel Security Hearing

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Personnel Security Hearing (PSH-13-0031). On June 10, 2013, an OHA Hearing Officer issued a decision in which he determined that the DOE should not restore an individuals access authorization....

  18. The original of this document contains information which is subject...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    the individual allegedly responded that he posted the nude photos on the internet as a joke and that he did not mean to hurt anybody. The individual denies that he told the police...

  19. TSO-1001- In the Matter of Personnel Security Hearing

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The individual is employed by a Department of Energy (DOE) contractor and has held a security clearance at the request of his employer since 2008. In August 2010, the individual tested positive for...

  20. PSH-12-0006- In the Matter of Personnel Security Hearing

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The individual is an employee of a DOE contractor and holds a suspended access authorization. A Local Security Office (LSO) summoned the individual for an interview (PSI) with a personnel security...

  1. PSH-13-0097- In the matter of Personnel Security Hearing

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The individual is an employee of a DOE contractor and holds a suspended access authorization. A Local Security Office (LSO) summoned the individual for a Personnel Security Interview (PSI), with a...

  2. PSH-13-0048- In the Matter of Personnel Security Hearing

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    On July 3, 2013, a Hearing Officer issued a Decision in which he determined that an individuals access authorization should be restored. In reaching this determination, the Hearing Officer found...

  3. PSH-11-0015- In the Matter of Personnel Security Hearing

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The individual is employed by a DOE contractor in a position that requires him to hold a DOE security clearance. For almost 20 years, the individual has experienced financial difficulties which...

  4. PSH-12-0001- In the Matter of Personnel Security Hearing

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Individual is employed by the Department of Energy (DOE). Based upon the receipt of derogatory information, the Local Security Office (LSO) called the Individual in for a Personnel Security...

  5. Direct Detector for Terahertz Radiation - Energy Innovation Portal

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the channel region. The grating gate can be a split-grating gate having at least one finger that can be individually biased. Biasing an individual finger of the split-grating...

  6. PSH-12-0058- In the Matter of Personnel Security Hearing

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The individual is employed by a DOE contractor in a position that requires him to hold a DOE security clearance. For more than seven years, the individual has experienced financial difficulties,...

  7. PSH-11-0030- In the Matter of Personnel Security Hearing

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The individual is an employee of a DOE contractor and an applicant for an access authorization. On a Questionnaire for National Security Positions (QNSP), the individual disclosed that he had been...

  8. PSH-12-0046- In the Matter of Personnel Security Hearing

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The individual works for a Department of Energy (DOE) contractor and holds a DOE access authorization, now in suspension. During 2009 through 2011, the individual used hydrocodone other than as...

  9. PSH-12-0078- In the Matter of Personnel Security Hearing

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    On November 6, 2012, an OHA Hearing Officer issued a Decision in which she determined that an Individuals access authorization should not be restored. In reaching this determination, the Hearing...

  10. TSO-1007- In the Matter of Personnel Security Hearing

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The individual is employed by a Department of Energy (DOE) contractor and has held a security clearance at the request of her employer since 1991. In November 2009, the individual was apprehended...

  11. PSH-12-0049- In the Matter of Personnel Security Hearing

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The individual is employed by a DOE contractor and has held a DOE access authorization for several years. DOE Ex. 3 at 1. In November 2011, the individual informed the Local Security Office (LSO)...

  12. PSH-12-0136- In the Matter of Personnel Security Hearing

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The individual is an employee of a DOE contractor and holds a suspended access authorization. In June 2012, the individual was arrested and charged with Aggravated Driving While Intoxicated (DWI)....

  13. PSH-13-0046- In the Matter of Personnel Security Hearing

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    On July 16, 2013, an OHA Hearing Officer issued a decision in which he determined that the DOE should not restore an individuals access authorization. As security concerns under CriterionL of 10...

  14. PSH-11-0019- In the Matter of Personnel Security Hearing

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The individual has held a Department of Energy (DOE) access authorization for a number of years. In February 2011, the individual disclosed to an Office of Personnel Management (OPM) investigator...

  15. PSH-11-0039- In the Matter of Personnel Security Hearing

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The individual is an employee of a DOE contractor and holds a suspended access authorization. On September 8, 2011, the individual notified the DOE that the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) began...

  16. PSH-12-0008- In the Matter of Personnel Security Hearing

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The individual is employed by a DOE contractor, and has held a DOE access authorization for several years. In late September 2011, the individual was arrested and charged with Careless Driving and...

  17. PSH-11-0013- In the Matter of Personnel Security Hearing

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The individual works for a Department of Energy (DOE) contractor and holds a DOE access authorization, now in suspension. In June of 2011, the individual informed his contractor, which in turn...

  18. PSH-12-0041- In the Matter of Personnel Security Hearing

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In April 2011, the individual began his employment with a DOE contractor and received a DOE access authorization. Tr. at 13, 29, 46; Ex. 3; Ex. 6 at 12. On January 13, 2012, the individual began a...

  19. TSO-1015- In the Matter of Personnel Security

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Individual is employed by a DOE contractor, and was granted a DOE access authorization in 1970. DOE Ex. 5. During a routine reinvestigation regarding his security clearance, the Individual...

  20. PSH-12-0004- In the Matter of Personnel Security Hearing

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The individual works for a Department of Energy (DOE) contractor and holds a DOE access authorization, now in suspension. In September of 2011, the individual informed his contractor, which in turn...

  1. PSH-13-0013- In the Matter of Personnel Security

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    On May 30, 2013, an OHA Hearing Officer issued a Decision in which she determined that an Individuals access authorization should not be restored. In reaching this determination, the Hearing...

  2. PSH-11-0007- In the Matter of Personnel Security Hearing

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    On March 2, 2012, an OHA Hearing Officer issued a Decision in which she determined that an Individual=s access authorization should not be restored. In reaching this determination, the Hearing...

  3. PSH-14-0032- In the Matter of Personnel Security

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Individual is employed by a DOE contractor and is an applicant for DOE access authorization.  DOE Exhibit (“Ex.”) 3.  During the application process, the Individual completed a Questionnaire...

  4. PSH-12-0016- In the Matter of Personnel Security Hearing

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The administrative review proceeding began with the issuance of a Notification Letter to the Individual. See 10 C.F.R. § 710.21. The letter informed the Individual that information in the...

  5. PSH-11-0020- In the Matter of Personnel Security Hearing

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The individual is employed by a DOE contractor, and has held a DOE access authorization for several years. In March 2011, the individual reported to his Local Security Office that he had been...

  6. PSH-12-0076- Personnel Security Hearing

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    On October 26, 2012, an OHA Hearing Officer issued a decision in which she concluded that an individuals security clearance should not be granted . A Local Security Office conducted a Personnel...

  7. PSH-13-0103- In the Matter of Personnel Security

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    On January 29, 2013, the Individual completed and submitted a Questionnaire for National Security Positions (QNSP) to a Local Security Office (LSO).  In this QNSP, the Individual admitted that he...

  8. DOE F 3230.6A | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    DOE F 3230.6A Form is used to track individual compensation for contractors. PDF icon REPORT OF COMPENSATION PART I - INDIVIDUAL COMPENSATION More Documents & Publications DOE F ...

  9. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    Tax Exemption An individual who produces biodiesel for use in that individual's private passenger vehicle is exempt from the state motor fuel excise tax. (Reference North Carolina General Statutes 105-449.88(9

  10. PSH-15-0042- In the Matter of Personnel Security Hearing

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    On August 27, 2015, an Administrative Judge issued a decision in which he determined that an individual's access authorization should be restored.  The individual was charged with computer crimes...

  11. PSH-13-0024- In the Matter of Personnel Security

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    On May 30, 2013, an OHA Hearing Officer issued a decision in which he determined that the DOE should not restore an individuals access authorization. As security concerns under 10 CFR Part 710, a...

  12. PSH-12-0044- In the Matter of Personnel Security Hearing

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Individual is a contractor employee at a DOE facility and has possessed a security clearance on various occasions since 1978. Exhibit (Ex.) 8 at 2. In December 2011, the Individual reported to...

  13. TSO-1108- In the Matter of Personnel Security Hearing

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The individual is an employee of a DOE contractor and held an access authorization until it was recently suspended. During a routine reinvestigation of the individual, he informed an Office of...

  14. PSH-12-0021- In the Matter of Personnel Security Hearing

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Individual is a contractor employee at a DOE facility. The Local Security Office (LSO) received information that the Individual had not filed a state income tax return for the year 2007....

  15. TSO-1106- In the Matter of Personnel Security Hearing

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Individual is an applicant for a DOE access authorization in connection with his employment with a DOE contractor. DOE Ex. 3. During the application process, the Individual completed a...

  16. PSH-13-0076- In the Matter of Personnel Security

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    On August 27, 2013, an OHA Hearing Officer issued a decision finding that the individual should be granted a security clearance after she determined that the individual had mitigated the security...

  17. TSO-1111- In the Matter of Personnel Security Hearing

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The administrative review proceeding began with the issuance of a Notification Letter to the Individual. See 10 C.F.R. § 710.21. The letter informed the Individual that information in the...

  18. PSH-12-0010- In the Matter of Personnel Security Hearing

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The individual works for a Department of Energy (DOE) contractor and is an applicant for DOE access authorization. In August 2010, the individual completed a Questionnaire for National Security...

  19. PSH-12-0005- In the Matter of Personnel Security Hearing

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Individual is employed by a Department of Energy (DOE) contractor. Based upon the receipt of derogatory information, the Local Security Office (LSO) called the Individual in for a Personnel...

  20. PSH-15-0068- In the Matter of Personnel Security Hearing

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    On January 19, 2016, an Administrative Judge issued a decision in which he determined that an individual's access authorization should not be restored.  The individual tested positive for marijuana...

  1. TSO-01109- In the Matter of Personnel Security Hearing

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The administrative review proceeding began with the issuance of a Notification Letter to the Individual. See 10 C.F.R. ' 710.21. The letter informed the Individual that information in the...

  2. PSH-12-0090- In the Matter of Personnel Security Hearing

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    On December 6, 2012, a Hearing Officer determined that an individual should be granted a security clearance. In reaching this determination, the Hearing Officer found that the individual had...

  3. PSH-12-0009- In the Matter of Personnel Security Hearing

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The individual began his DOE-related job in August 2006. Ex. D at 19, 53, 70-71. In a September 2007 personnel security interview (PSI), the individual stated that he had been charged with...

  4. PSH-11-0018- In the Matter of Personnel Security Hearing

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Individual is employed by a Department of Energy (DOE) contractor. Based upon the receipt of derogatory information, the Local Security Office (LSO) called the Individual in for a Personnel...

  5. PSH-11-0008- In the Matter of Personnel Security Hearing

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    On March 12, 2012, an OHA Hearing Officer issued a Decision in which she determined that an Individual=s access authorization should not be granted. In reaching this determination, the Hearing...

  6. TSO-1103- In the Matter of Personnel Security Hearing

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The individual was hired by a Department of Energy (DOE) contractor in 2009, and was granted a security clearance at the request of his employer. In September 2010, the individual was arrested for...

  7. PSH-11-0034- In the Matter of Personnel Security Hearing

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Individual is employed by a DOE contractor and has held a DOE access authorization for several years. DOE Ex. 3. In August 2011, the Individual timely reported to the Local Security Office (LSO...

  8. PSH-12-0014- In the Matter of Personnel Security Hearing

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Individual, a 48-year-old employee of a DOE contractor, is an applicant for DOE access authorization. DOE Ex. 3. During the application process, the Individual completed a Questionnaire for...

  9. DOE F 4200.40 | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    DOE F 4200.40 Form used to report detailed information on individual procurements. PDF icon INDIVIDUAL PROCUREMENT ACTION REPORT (IPAR) More Documents & Publications DOE F 4200.40A

  10. DOE F 4200.40A | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    A DOE F 4200.40A Form used to report on financial assistance actions for individual procurements. PDF icon INDIVIDUAL PROCUREMENT ACTION REPORT (IPAR) (Financial Assistance Actions) More Documents & Publications DOE F 4200.40

  11. Los Alamos Life Sciences Division's biomedical and environmental research programs. Progress report, January-December 1981. [Leading abstract

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Holland, L.M.; Stafford, C.G.

    1982-10-01

    This report summarizes research and development activities of the Los Alamos Life Sciences Division's Biomedical and Environmental Research program for the calendar year 1981. Individual reports describing the current status of projects have been entered individually into the data base.

  12. PSH-13-0009- In the Matter of Personnel Security Hearing

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    On May 1, 2013, a Hearing Officer determined that an individual should be granted a security clearance. In reaching this determination, the Hearing Officer found that the individual had...

  13. PSH-12-0052- In the Matter of Personnel Security Hearing

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    On October 2, 2012, an OHA Hearing Officer issued a decision in which he concluded the DOE should not grant an individual an access authorization.   A Local Security Office suspended the individual...

  14. 2013 Federal Energy and Water Management Award Winners Video

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The Federal Energy and Water Management Awards recognize individuals, groups, and agencies for the outstanding use of energy- and water-efficiency technologies at Federal facilities. This video honors the 25 individuals and teams that received awards in 2013.

  15. PSH-12-0007- In the Matter of Personnel Security Hearing

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The individual began working at a DOE site in March 1992. Tr. at 87. In September 1999, his employer requested an access authorization for him. Ex. 8. Around then, the individual had completed a...

  16. PSH-15-0031- In the Matter of Personnel Security Hearing

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    On July 24, 2015, an Administrative Judge issued a decision in which he determined that an individual's access authorization should be restored.  The individual was arrested in December 2014 for...

  17. PSH-14-0101- In the Matter of Personnel Security Hearing

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This case involves an Individual who tested positive for alcohol during a random screening conducted at his workplace.  The LSO conducted a Personnel Security Interview (PSI) of the Individual and...

  18. Summary of Decisions - January 25, 2016 - January 29, 2016 |...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    The individual received a citation for an alcohol-related offense, and the local security ... The DOE psychologist concluded that the individual was a user of alcohol habitually to ...

  19. PSH-11-0027- In the Matter of Personnel Security Hearing

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The individual is employed by a Department of Energy (DOE) contractor, and was granted a security clearance in connection with that employment. In June 2011, the individual was arrested for...

  20. PSH-12-0019- In the Matter of Personnel Security Hearing

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The individual is employed by the Department of Energy (DOE), and was granted a security clearance in connection with that employment. As part of a routine re-investigation in 2010, the individual...

  1. PSH-12-0050 - In the Matter of Personnel Security Hearing | Department of

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Energy 50 - In the Matter of Personnel Security Hearing PSH-12-0050 - In the Matter of Personnel Security Hearing The individual's present employer, a DOE contractor, has requested a DOE access authorization for the individual. The individual completed and submitted an Electronic Questionnaire for Investigations Processing (QNSP) in November 2011. DOE Exhibit 8. Based on issues contained in the individual's security file, the Local Security Office (LSO) conducted a Personnel Security

  2. PSH-12-0057 - In the Matter of Personnel Security Hearing | Department of

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Energy 7 - In the Matter of Personnel Security Hearing PSH-12-0057 - In the Matter of Personnel Security Hearing On October 25, 2012, an OHA Hearing Officer issued a Decision in which she determined that an Individual=s access authorization should not be granted. In reaching this determination, the Hearing Officer found that the Individual had not resolved the security concerns arising from her personal conduct, criminal conduct, and financial difficulties. The Individual resigned from a

  3. PSH-12-0068 - In the Matter of Personnel Security Hearing | Department of

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Energy 8 - In the Matter of Personnel Security Hearing PSH-12-0068 - In the Matter of Personnel Security Hearing On September 24, 2012, an OHA Hearing Officer issued a decision in which he determined that an individual's DOE access authorization should not be restored. The Individual had a history of four arrests, one of which was alcohol-related. A DOE Psychologist diagnosed the individual with Alcohol-Related Disorder, Not Otherwise Specified. The Hearing Officer found that the Individual

  4. Bioenergy Basics 101 Game Powerpoint Presentation

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This game is designed for individuals with a general background in high school biology or environmental science

  5. Energy and Technology Review

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1983-02-01

    Individual articles from this description of research activities at Lawrence Livermore Laboratories were prepared separately for the data base. (GTH)

  6. Autotune Building Energy Models

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    quantification to determine importance of individual parameters * Suite of machine learning algorithms to generate calibration functions based on building dynamics * ...

  7. Notice, Revised Classified Information Nondisclosure Agreement- July 2013

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Notice to all cleared individuals, the "Classified Information Nondisclosure Agreement, Standard Form 312" (SF 312) was revised in July 2013.

  8. Microsoft PowerPoint - 4_PAUL_GOLDBERG_NMMSS_2014_Part 37 Presentation...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    ... - Access limited, at all times, to approved individuals - Trustworthiness and reliability Documentation - Security plans - Transportation records - List of approved ...

  9. Browse by Discipline -- E-print Network Subject Pathways: Fossil...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Goodrich) - Department of Neurobiology, Harvard University Gopalan, Venkat (Venkat ... - Department of Systems Biology, Harvard University Go back to Individual ...

  10. SolarPaces International CSP Project Information | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    under construction, or under development. CSP technologies include parabolic trough, linear Fresnel reflector, power tower, and dishengine systems. For individual...

  11. Strengthening northern New Mexico's tribal economies

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    awards investments for tribal economic development corporations and individual businesses ... business administration, finance, management information systems or related fields. ...

  12. Taking out the trash: A no-nonsense guide to recycling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carless, J.

    1992-05-01

    A practical and useful guide to how individuals, businesses, and communities can help alleviate America`s garbage crisis.

  13. Demonstration Assessment of LED Freezer Case Lighting

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... to measure because of the number of variables affecting individual freezer case ......... 4 2.6 Occupancy Control Measurement ......

  14. RAPID/Roadmap/18-HI-c | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    the statewide engineering and financial functions relating to water pollution control, municipal and private wastewater treatment works program, individual wastewater...

  15. High Performance Computing

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    when possible - Automatically using optimization methods. CONSTRUCTING REDUCED SCHEMES: GENETIC ALGORITHM PRICIPLE Initial population FITNESS EVALUATION of each individual F ...

  16. Template:GRRM-HowTo-LeftNav | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Indices Execution Indices Temperature Volume Reservoir Fluid Chemistry Resource Knowledge Level of Information Level of Certainty Individual Projects Project Portfolios...

  17. AASG Geothermal Data submissions tracking application and site.

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    2011-08-12

    Django app for tracking individual state’s progress in their contributions to the National Geothermal Data System.

  18. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    individual rebates... Eligibility: Commercial, Industrial, Local Government, Schools, State Government, Institutional Savings Category: Equipment Insulation, Water Heaters,...

  19. Artificial neural network cardiopulmonary modeling and diagnosis

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kangas, L.J.; Keller, P.E.

    1997-10-28

    The present invention is a method of diagnosing a cardiopulmonary condition in an individual by comparing data from a progressive multi-stage test for the individual to a non-linear multi-variate model, preferably a recurrent artificial neural network having sensor fusion. The present invention relies on a cardiovascular model developed from physiological measurements of an individual. Any differences between the modeled parameters and the parameters of an individual at a given time are used for diagnosis. 12 figs.

  20. Artificial neural network cardiopulmonary modeling and diagnosis

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kangas, Lars J.; Keller, Paul E.

    1997-01-01

    The present invention is a method of diagnosing a cardiopulmonary condition in an individual by comparing data from a progressive multi-stage test for the individual to a non-linear multi-variate model, preferably a recurrent artificial neural network having sensor fusion. The present invention relies on a cardiovascular model developed from physiological measurements of an individual. Any differences between the modeled parameters and the parameters of an individual at a given time are used for diagnosis.