Sample records for india iran pakistan

  1. Nuclear programs in India and Pakistan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mian, Zia [Program on Science and Global Security, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey (United States)

    2014-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

    India and Pakistan launched their respective nuclear programs in the 1940s and 1950s with considerable foreign technical support, especially from the United States Atoms for Peace Program. The technology and training that was acquired served as the platform for later nuclear weapon development efforts that included nuclear weapon testing in 1974 and in 1998 by India, and also in 1998 by Pakistan - which had illicitly acquired uranium enrichment technology especially from Europe and received assistance from China. As of 2013, both India and Pakistan were continuing to produce fissile material for weapons, in the case of India also for nuclear naval fuel, and were developing a diverse array of ballistic and cruise missiles. International efforts to restrain the South Asian nuclear build-up have been largely set aside over the past decade as Pakistani support became central for the U.S. war in Afghanistan and as U.S. geopolitical and economic interests in supporting the rise of India, in part as a counter to China, led to India being exempted both from U.S non-proliferation laws and international nuclear trade guidelines. In the absence of determined international action and with Pakistan blocking the start of talks on a fissile material cutoff treaty, nuclear weapon programs in South Asia are likely to keep growing for the foreseeable future.

  2. India Walking a Tightrope : A case study of the U.S. influence on India’s policies towards Iran.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dufva, Inger Elise Houge

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??In this thesis I have investigated the degree of U.S. influence on India’s room of manoeuvre with regard to Iran. India has several incentives to… (more)

  3. Do crude oil price changes affect economic growth of India, Pakistan and Bangladesh?.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akram, Muhammad

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ?? This paper analyzes empirically the effect of crude oil price change on the economic growth of Indian-Subcontinent (India, Pakistan and Bangladesh). We use a… (more)

  4. India and Pakistan`s nuclear arms race: Out of the closet but not in the street

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Albright, D.

    1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    CIA Director James Woolsey testified before the Senate on February 24, 1993, {open_quotes}The arms race between India and Pakistan poses perhaps the most probable prospect for future use of weapons of mass destruction, including nuclear weapons.{close_quotes} Currently, both countries are dependent on relatively crude nuclear bombs that do not appear to have been deployed. According to US officials, because of fears of accidental nuclear detonation, both sides would only assemble their nuclear weapons when absolutely necessary. Nevertheless, according to Woolsey, both nations {open_quotes}could, on short notice, assemble nuclear weapons.{close_quotes} Each has combat aircraft that could deliver these bombs in a crisis. India and Pakistan continue to improve their nuclear weapons. Unless their programs are stopped, they might succeed in moving from large, cumbersome bombs to miniaturized, easily armed and fuzed weapons able to be permanently deployed on attack aircraft or ballistic missiles, which are being developed or sought by both countries.

  5. Beyond Kargil: The technology of peace in India-Pakistan border relations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tahir-Kheli, S.; Biringer, K.L.

    2000-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The potential for cooperation between India and Pakistan is substantial. Topics as widely varying as national security, the environment and trade hold the potential for improved bilateral relations. This paper looks at a few areas in which monitoring technology could contribute to enhancing cooperative border agreements between the two nations. The goal of the paper is not to provide prescriptive solutions to regional problems, but to expand the number of options being considered for improving Indian-Pakistan relations. Many of the impediments to bilateral progress are a result of a history of conflict and mistrust. By utilizing technical monitoring and inspections, each side can begin to replace suspicion and doubt with knowledge and information useful in making informed political, economic and military decisions. At the same time, technical monitoring and inspections can build confidence through common interactions. India and Pakistan have pledged to resolve their disputes, including Kashmir, through dialogue. Implementation of that pledge is influenced by a number of factors, including changes in the political systems and the fortunes of the leadership. Events of the past year and a half have severely tested these two governments' ability to move forward along a constructive and positive path. Testing of new missile systems both preceded and followed testing of nuclear weapons in May 1998. Both countries disregarded subsequent international displeasure as they proceeded to openly declare their respective nuclear capability. Their brief engagement with each other in February 1999 and movement toward a rapprochement diluted international condemnation of their nuclear activity. Within a recent period of nine months however, progress in the dialogue has been stalled first by the Pakistani move in Kashmir in May 1999, then by the Indian election in the summer of 1999 and most recently by the military coup in Pakistan.

  6. Confidence building measures at sea:opportunities for India and Pakistan.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vohra, Ravi Bhushan Rear Admiral (; ); Ansari, Hasan Masood Rear Admiral (; )

    2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The sea presents unique possibilities for implementing confidence building measures (CBMs) between India and Pakistan that are currently not available along the contentious land borders surrounding Jammu and Kashmir. This is due to the nature of maritime issues, the common military culture of naval forces, and a less contentious history of maritime interaction between the two nations. Maritime issues of mutual concern provide a strong foundation for more far-reaching future CBMs on land, while addressing pressing security, economic, and humanitarian needs at sea in the near-term. Although Indian and Pakistani maritime forces currently have stronger opportunities to cooperate with one another than their counterparts on land, reliable mechanisms to alleviate tension or promote operational coordination remain non-existent. Therefore, possible maritime CBMs, as well as pragmatic mechanisms to initiate and sustain cooperation, require serious examination. This report reflects the unique joint research undertaking of two retired Senior Naval Officers from both India and Pakistan, sponsored by the Cooperative Monitoring Center of the International Security Center at Sandia National Laboratories. Research focuses on technology as a valuable tool to facilitate confidence building between states having a low level of initial trust. Technical CBMs not only increase transparency, but also provide standardized, scientific means of interacting on politically difficult problems. Admirals Vohra and Ansari introduce technology as a mechanism to facilitate consistent forms of cooperation and initiate discussion in the maritime realm. They present technical CBMs capable of being acted upon as well as high-level political recommendations regarding the following issues: (1) Delimitation of the maritime boundary between India and Pakistan and its relationship to the Sir Creek dispute; (2) Restoration of full shipping links and the security of ports and cargos; (3) Fishing within disputed areas and resolution of issues relating to arrest and repatriation of fishermen from both sides; and (4) Naval and maritime agency interaction and possibilities for cooperation.

  7. The Management of International Rivers as Demands Grow and Supplies Tighten: India, China, Nepal, Pakistan, Bangladesh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crow, Ben; Singh, Nirvikar

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    point, here we focus on India's policy of bilateralism, andRose, L. (1987). India's regional policy: nonmilitarypolicy interests by improving cooperation between India and

  8. Cooperative Monitoring Center Occasional Paper/18: Maritime Cooperation Between India and Pakistan: Building Confidence at Sea

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    SIDDIQA-AGHA,AYESHA

    2000-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper discusses ways in which the navies of both India and Pakistan can cooperate on issues of maritime and naval significance. Although the militaries and navies of the two countries have traditionally seen each other as rivals, international economic developments make cooperation imperative. South Asia requires an approach that can alter the existing hostile images and perceptions. This can be achieved through developing an incremental approach towards confidence building that would allow consistency and help build confidence gradually. The aim is to make confidence building a sustainable activity that would help transform hostile images and build cooperative and nonhostile relationships. This paper proposes a five-step model to suggest what the two navies can do jointly to build confidence, with the ultimate goal of naval arms control. The steps include (1) the Signaling Stage to initiate communication between the two navies, (2) the Warming-Up Stage to build confidence through nonmilitary joint ventures, (3) the Handshake Stage to build confidence between the two navies through military joint ventures, (4) the Problem-Solving Stage to resolve outstanding disputes, and (5) the Final Nod Stage to initiate naval arms control. This model would employ communication, navigation, and remote sensing technologies to achieve success.

  9. The Management of International Rivers as Demands Grow and Supplies Tighten: India, China, Nepal, Pakistan, Bangladesh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crow, Ben; Singh, Nirvikar

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    special issue of Water Nepal, 4, 1, September. Haddad,and its subsequent impacts in Nepal, India and China.Katmandu: WWF Nepal Country Program. Kathmandu Post (2005).

  10. India’s Grand Strategy: Some Preliminary Thoughts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    HOYT, Timothy D.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    twenty-first century. India’s policies, however, appear toPakistan’s policies, which treats India as an imminent andchanging Indian policy, in general India is not yet willing

  11. Key to Juniperus of Central Asia (from Turkmenistan/Iran through the former Soviet rev. 2/2011 Union, Pakistan and the Western Himalayas, including Nepal)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Robert P.

    /2011 Union, Pakistan and the Western Himalayas, including Nepal) 1a. All leaves acicular (subulate, jointed

  12. Indo-Pakistan Trade Cooperation and Saarc

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghuman, Ranjit Singh; Madaan, Da Vinder Kumar

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of India’s exports to Pakistan, Soyabean, p-xylene, iron ores, sugar, polypropylene, norfloxin, tyres, bidi leaves, and reactive coloured chemicals were the major items during 1985-2005. Their total share in India’s exports to Pakistan was 11.5 per cent... , etc. Pakistan has excess capacity of 3000 MW electricity which can be easily given to northern Indian states if the required arrangements are done. Prices of mutual trade items between the two countries are also competitive. It is estimated...

  13. A Nuclear Iran? Why this particular topic?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    A Nuclear Iran? #12;#12;Why this particular topic? · State Department internship · Personal · NPT (Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty) developed after WWII and Japan · IAEA (International Atomic of capacity #12;Iran's nuclear program · Initiated in 1959 · Strong ties to Russia, China and Pakistan · 2002

  14. Profiteering on the Iran-Iraq war

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brzoska, M.

    1987-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The military gear delivered from the US in the Iran-contra affair represents only a minor portion of arms sales to the combatants in the Iraq-Iran war. That war has now lasted more than six years and has deeply influenced the international arms market. Occurring during a period when other demand for arms has been relatively low, the war has nourished new suppliers and has revived both the legal and illegal private arms market. The erratic behavior of the USSR and the US, until recently by far the most important arms suppliers to the Third World, has pushed Iran and Iraq toward more commercially oriented sources, including many in the Third World. Both countries have had ample supplies of weapons during the war, and these weapons have served their purpose. Mainly because of its duration, the war already ranks third among post-World War II wars - after the Vietnam war and the Biafra war - in battlefield victims, with 300,000-500,000 casualties. The economic cost has risen to nearly $500 billion in weapons, destruction, and lost income. While it is hard to see anything but losers on the battlefield, the arms traffickers are profiting. Total Iranian arms imports since August 1980 have been higher than $10 billion, while Iraq has imported more than $30 billion worth. It is difficult to know whether making arms more difficult to obtain would have stopped the war, but judging from other recent wars, such as those between India and Pakistan, between Uganda and Tanzania, and in the Middle East, it seems likely that hostilities could have been stopped long ago. 12 references.

  15. E-Print Network 3.0 - angola iran nigeria Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Safety and Risk Management 1600 Holloway Avenue, ADM 252 Summary: Columbia Cuba Egypt Ethiopia Federal Republic of Yugoslavia India Indonesia Iran Israel Jordan......

  16. Iran at the Crossroads

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pahlavi, Reza

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the Clerical Regime in Iran in order to stage the perceptionthat political candidates in Iran are exclusively confinedstyle charade, as a sign of Iran's flourishing new democracy

  17. Iran in History Iran in History

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    1 Iran in History Iran in History by Bernard Lewis In attempting to attain some perspective on Iran. These events have been variously seen in Iran: by some as a blessing, the advent of the true faith, the end remarkable difference between what happened in Iran and what happened in all the other countries

  18. CHRTIENSD'IRAN ENTREHAGIOGRAPHIEETHISTOIRE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    175 CHR�TIENSD'IRAN ENTREHAGIOGRAPHIEETHISTOIRE Avecunenouvellepropositionsurlacroixde iranienne et la mixité culturelle qui caractériselechristianismeenIran exemple l'apport scientifique des chrétiens syriaques à l'Iran sassanideenmatièred

  19. Buddist Architecture in India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deva, Krishna

    sites like S"nchi and Taxila (Pakistan) have Euch fine Buddhist monuments, even though they were not visited by Buddha. The earliest Buddhist monuments in India are attributable to Asoka (273-32 B.C.) who exerted his eneigies and the resources of his... of Paharpur in Bangladesh and Borobudur in Java, both dating from circa A.D. 800. V3is3li (Di~trict Muzaffarpur), which was a favourite resort of Buddha and one of the eight holy places of Buddhism has an uninscribed Mauryan pillar, besides extensive...

  20. E-Print Network 3.0 - arab emirates evaluation Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    emirates evaluation Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Saudi Arabia Afghanistan Summary: India Iran Saudi Arabia Pakistan Yemen Iraq Oman Somalia Afghanistan Ethiopia United Arab...

  1. Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universitt Bonn Institut fr Politische Wissenschaft und Soziologie

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franz, Sven Oliver

    globale Entwicklung. Ein Positionspapier des BMZ. Bonn 2004. The policy paper of the Federal Ministry: China, India, Indonesia, Pakistan, Thailand, Egypt, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Nigeria, South Africa, Argentina

  2. Essays on Fertility, Gender Preference and Family Planning in Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    GHOBADI, NEGAR

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Population Policy Changes in Iran . . . . . . . . . . . . .v 3.3.2 Iran’s Current Health Data . . . . . . . . . . . . .Case of Iran . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

  3. Reading Arendt in Iran/Reading Iran through Arendt: Speech,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Illinois at Chicago, University of

    Reading Arendt in Iran/Reading Iran through Arendt: Speech, Action, and the Question Arendt in Iran/Reading Iran through Arendt: Speech, Action, and the Question of Street Politics for Arendt readers in the postrevolutionary context of the Islamic Republic of Iran. Arendt's skepticism

  4. On Demand Guarantees in Iran.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahvenainen, Laura

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??On Demand Guarantees in Iran This thesis examines on demand guarantees in Iran concentrating on bid bonds and performance guarantees. The main guarantee types and… (more)

  5. Essays on India’s Economic Growth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singh, Nirvikar

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    overview of monetary policy in India, including its historyto be angelic. India’s competition policies and theirdominated recent policy discussions in India, namely, how to

  6. Factors affecting Iran`s future. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sinai, J.

    1993-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

    This study examines the factors affecting Iran`s future by focusing on the demographic, economic, and military trends in Iran and their impact on the country`s national security objectives in the next decade. The paper also assesses the implications of an economic embargo on Iran and potential Iranian threats to regional and United States national interests.

  7. Pachydermodactyly, a new case from Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zamanian, Abbas; Ansar, Akram

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Pachydermodactyly, a new case from Iran Abbas Zamanian MD8 1. Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran 2.Medical Sciences, Hamedan, Iran Abstract Pachydermodactyly (

  8. Syria's alignment with Iran and efforts to encourage Syrian defection.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rasmussen, Zachary Bret

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??Since the Iranian revolution in 1979, Syria and Iran have maintained a strategic alliance. Syria supported Iran throughout the Iran-Iraq war and Iran has been… (more)

  9. Petroleum industry in Iran

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Farideh, A.

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study examines the oil industry in Iran from the early discovery of oil nearly two hundred years ago in Mazandaran (north part) to the development of a giant modern industry in the twentieth century. Chapter I presents a brief historical setting to introduce the reader to the importance of oil in Iran. It focuses on the economic implications of the early oil concessions in the period 1901 to 1951. Chapter II discusses the nationalization of the Iranian oil industry and creation of NIOC in 1951 and the international political and economic implication of these activities. Chapter III explains the activities of NIOC in Iran. Exploration and drilling, production, exports, refineries, natural gas, petrochemicals and internal distributions are studied. Chapter IV discusses the role of the development planning of Iran. A brief presentation of the First Development Plan through the Fifth Development Plan is given. Sources and uses of funds by plan organization during these Five Plans is studied. The Iran and Iraq War is also studied briefly, but the uncertainty of its resolution prevents any close analysis of its impact on the Iranian oil industry. One conclusion, however, is certain; oil has been a vital resource in Iran's past and it will remain the lifetime of its economic development in the future.

  10. Natural Gas Exports from Iran

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This assessment of the natural gas sector in Iran, with a focus on Iran’s natural gas exports, was prepared pursuant to section 505 (a) of the Iran Threat Reduction and Syria Human Rights Act of 2012 (Public Law No: 112-158). As requested, it includes: (1) an assessment of exports of natural gas from Iran; (2) an identification of the countries that purchase the most natural gas from Iran; (3) an assessment of alternative supplies of natural gas available to those countries; (4) an assessment of the impact a reduction in exports of natural gas from Iran would have on global natural gas supplies and the price of natural gas, especially in countries identified under number (2); and (5) such other information as the Administrator considers appropriate.

  11. Saudi Arabia Afghanistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russell, Lynn

    India Iran Saudi Arabia Pakistan Yemen Iraq Oman Somalia Afghanistan Ethiopia United Arab Emirates Oman China Turkmenistan Turkey Tajikistan United Arab Emirates Kuwait Qatar Uzbekistan Eritrea Bahrain 02858 00707 #12;Iran Saudi Arabia Oman Pakistan AfghanistanIraq Yemen United Arab Emirates Kuwait Qatar

  12. AFGHANISTAN'S OTHER NEIGHBORS: IRAN, CENTRAL ASIA, AND CHINA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spence, Harlan Ernest

    AFGHANISTAN'S OTHER NEIGHBORS: IRAN, CENTRAL ASIA, AND CHINA CONFERENCE REPORT Organized ...................................................................4 AFGHANISTAN AND IRAN ...........................................................................................6 Cultural Issues: Fear of Iran's Shadow

  13. Tactical cities : negotiating violence in Karachi, Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yusuf, Huma

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis examines the relationship between violence and urbanity. Using Karachi, Pakistan, as a case study, it asks how violent cities are imagined and experienced by their residents. The thesis draws on a variety of ...

  14. the academy of sciences for the developing world tenable in developing countries such as Brazil, China, India, Kenya, Malaysia, Mexico,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wagner, Stephan

    , China, India, Kenya, Malaysia, Mexico, Pakistan and Thailand for scientists from developing countries year Age limit: 30 TWAS-icipe Fellowships for Postgraduate Research in Kenya The International Centre (other than Kenya) who wish to obtain a PhD in the natural sciences, especially focusing on integrated

  15. Iran Thomas Auditorium, 8600

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFunInfrared LandResponsesIon/Surface Reactions andOctober 5, 2012 11:00 am Iran

  16. Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weiss, Anita M.; Mughal, Muhammad Aurang Zeb

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Intelligence Agency (US CIA). (2012). Th e world factbook:Indonesia, and Brazil (US CIA 2012). Initially consisting of

  17. Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weiss, Anita M.; Mughal, Muhammad Aurang Zeb

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    areas, nineteen protected wetlands, and a number of other protected grasslands, shrublands, woodlands, and natural

  18. Huge natural gas reserves central to capacity work, construction plans in Iran

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Questions about oil production capacity in Iran tend to mask the country's huge potential as a producer of natural gas. Iran is second only to Russia in gas reserves, which National Iranian Gas Co. estimates at 20.7 trillion cu m. Among hurdles to Iran's making greater use of its rich endowment of natural gas are where and how to sell gas not used inside the country. The marketing logistics problem is common to other Middle East holders of gas reserves and a reason behind the recent proliferation of proposals for pipeline and liquefied natural gas schemes targeting Europe and India. But Iran's challenges are greater than most in the region. Political uncertainties and Islamic rules complicate long-term financing of transportation projects and raise questions about security of supply. As a result, Iran has remained mostly in the background of discussions about international trade of Middle Eastern gas. The country's huge gas reserves, strategic location, and existing transport infrastructure nevertheless give it the potential to be a major gas trader if the other issues can be resolved. The paper discusses oil capacity plans, gas development, gas injection for enhanced oil recovery, proposals for exports of gas, and gas pipeline plans.

  19. Managing Proliferation Issues with Iran

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nelson, C. Richard; Saltiel, David H.

    2002-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Any government in Tehran will be inclined to seek weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and missile delivery options given the realities of its strategic environment. These weapons might help Iran to deter potential external threats, to achieve equality with other major regional powers armed with WMD, and to attain self-reliance in national security, given the isolating experience of arms embargoes. A more pluralist leadership in the future, however, may examine broader choices and trade-offs, and perhaps be less likely to cross key thresholds in WMD acquisition. In any event, Iran's WMD behavior is likely to be determined by both external factors, mainly the availability of crucial components, and internal factors, including calculations of costs, risks, and benefits. Among the benefits, psychological factors, such as prestige, will play an important role. Other important factors that might well shape Iran's WMD behavior include developments in Iraq, relations with the United States and other Gulf states, Israeli-Palestinian relations and the future price of oil. This paper offers recommendations on how the United States can best hope to influence Iranian decisions regarding the acquisition of WMD and missile delivery systems if the United States decides to pursue more direct engagement with Tehran. An engagement-nonproliferation strategy should involve at least three types of parallel efforts: public, private and indirect. Public efforts should seek to create a more positive, less-threatening image of the United States among opinion leaders in Iran. Private efforts should seek to determine the purposes, nature and extent of Iran's efforts to develop WMD and missiles and to suggest better alternatives for Iran's security and prestige needs. Indirect efforts should involve key third countries and organizations in an attempt both to address Iran's security concerns and to deny Iran access to critical WMD and missile technology and components. Russian policy, in particular, will continue to play a vital role in determining the extent to which Iran is able to pursue WMD options. Without a fundamental change in the regional security environment, however, there is little reason to expect changes in Iranian WMD and missile policies, and the United States, acting alone and short of war, cannot prevent Iran from ultimately developing WMD and delivery systems. Furthermore, U.S. policies that take a tougher line with Russia, China and North Korea are not likely to lead to more restraint among these potential sources of WMD and missile technology. In the absence of engagement with Iran, unilateral U.S. economic sanctions will remain the principal, if flawed, U.S. policy tool for seeking to prevent Iran from acquiring WMD. The rationale is that by discouraging trade and investment, particularly in Iran's energy sector, the government of Iran will have less revenue to pursue proliferation. Without broad international support for economic isolation, however, such an effort may hinder Iran's WMD programs, though it cannot block them. Finally, options are needed to deal with major failures in nonproliferation efforts. These options include measures to deter Iranian use of WMD, to defend against their use if deterrence fails, and to destroy Iranian WMD capabilities should the need arise.

  20. Maneki-Neko Team Description for Iran Open UAV 2013 -Teheran, Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Visser, Arnoud

    Maneki-Neko Team Description for Iran Open UAV 2013 - Teheran, Iran Intelligent Autonomous Systems the competition. One of those teams was the UvA Drone Team. The Dutch team participating at the Iran Open 2013 to perception and control algorithms which leaded to this frame- work. The Iran Open 2013 gives the possibility

  1. AnnalesdesPressesUniversitairesd'Iran Revuesemestrielle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    LUQMAN AnnalesdesPressesUniversitairesd'Iran Revuesemestrielle Vingtidme ann6e,num6ro2 Printemps-6t62004 Num6ro de s6rie: 40 #12;LUQMAN Annales des PressesUniversitaires d'Iran Revue semestrielle R6. Les articles non publi6s ne seront pas retourn6s, Administration : Ptesses Universitaires d'Iran

  2. Essays on India’s Economy: Perspectives on Policy Reform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singh, Nirvikar

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    presented at the recent India Policy Forum) teach us? Thebiggest positive policy step for India is implementing themonetary policy is ineffective in India, given structural

  3. Pakistan foreign policy formulation, 1947-65: an analysis of institutional interaction between American policy making bodies and the Pakistan Army 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Soherwordi, Syed Hussain Shaheed

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis examines through the use of archives and oral evidence the role of the Pakistan Army in the context of Pakistan’s domestic politics and foreign policy. Its main purpose is to explore the autonomy of the Pakistan Army in shaping national...

  4. Iran: World Oil Report 1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reports that at the end of its war with Iraq, Iran embarked on an urgent program to restore its productive capacity. This effort has been hindered by lack of hard currency and, hence, technology, parts, equipment, etc. Iran has been trying to improve relations with the U.S, over the past two years. Recently, the embargo on importing Iranian crude into the U.S. was lifted. Over the past year and a half, Iran accumulated enough money to resume imports of U.S. and other foreign drilling equipment. However, drilling has remained at a low level. Also, efforts to boost output have been slowed by war damage both on and offshore---particularly the latter---and serious BHP declines in major onshore fields that can only be corrected by ultra- high cost gas injection projects. Currently, large injection projects are only operating in three major fields: Gachsaran, Ahwaz and Marun.

  5. Pakistan-Technical Assistance to PDMA Punjab in Incorporating...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    of Pakistan Sector Climate, Land Focus Area Renewable Energy, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Greenhouse Gas, Land Use Topics Adaptation, Finance, Low emission...

  6. Iran-US Relations: At a New Cross Roads

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pahlavi, Reva

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    These are the true voice of Iran! These are the people thatYou must let the youth of Iran know that they are not alone,society. Indeed, many in Iran credit the robust movement of

  7. Oil, power, and principle: Iran`s oil nationalizaation and its aftermath

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Elm, M.

    1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This book provides a concise and well documented analysis of events leading to Iran`s oil nationalization and its aftermath. It also helps to understand Iran`s 1979 revolution and its current situation. The book, at 413 pages, is divided into twenty-two chapters, beginning with a review of the historical background of Iran`s oil industry from the late 19th century throught the mid-1900s. The book interlaces energy, economic, and political factors of not only Iran, but other important players such as the United States and Great Britian. Also included is a well-documented analysis of the Anglo-American coup to overthrow the Mossadeq government, which helps the reader understand why there is so much anti-U.S. sentiment in Iran.

  8. Face to Face and Street to Street: An Exploration of the Benefits and Perils of Transnational Feminist Practices for Iran’s One Million Signatures Campaign

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McKibben, Susan

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Keddie & R. Matthee (Eds. ), Iran and the Surrounding World.Muslim Societies: The Cases of Iran and Azerbaijan. Journal2001). Women's Strategies in Iran from the 1979 Revolution

  9. Status of Iran's nuclear program and negotiations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Albright, David [President, Institute for Science and International Security (ISIS), 236 Massachusetts Avenue, NE 305, Washington, DC 20002 (United States)

    2014-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Iran's nuclear program poses immense challenges to international security. Its gas centrifuge program has grown dramatically in the last several years, bringing Iran close to a point where it could produce highly enriched uranium in secret or declared gas centrifuge plants before its breakout would be discovered and stopped. To reduce the risk posed by Iran's nuclear program, the P5+1 have negotiated with Iran short term limits on the most dangerous aspects of its nuclear programs and is negotiating long-term arrangements that can provide assurance that Iran will not build nuclear weapons. These long-term arrangements need to include a far more limited and transparent Iranian nuclear program. In advance of arriving at a long-term arrangement, the IAEA will need to resolve its concerns about the alleged past and possibly on-going military dimensions of Iran's nuclear program.

  10. global warming's six indias

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haller, Gary L.

    global warming's six indias: An Audience Segmentation Analysis #12;Global Warming's Six Indias 1............................................................................................................................................20 2. Global Warming Beliefs and Attitudes................................................................................ 21 Knowledge about global warming varies widely by group

  11. ICTs and Rural Development in India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singh, Nirvikar

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A Sustainable Fiscal Policy for India: An Internationalareas for policy attention. ICTs and India’s Development –policy aspects of providing rural ICTs in India

  12. English language policy and planning in Iran.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jamshidifard, Saman

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??Iran has been in the headlines in the recent years and decades for many socio-political reasons. Many of these involve the confrontation between Islamic revolutionary… (more)

  13. US foreign policy conduct in Iran.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mansouri, Amir

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??Die vorliegende Dissertation und Analyse ist eine umfassende Untersuchung der bilateralen Beziehung zwischen den USA und dem Iran seit dem Jahr 1953. Die darin erörterte… (more)

  14. Corruption in India Andrew Sanchez

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    citizens to access resources and preferential state treatment to which they are not entitled. Second much worse, including regional neighbours Pakistan and Bangladesh. However, the real significance

  15. The New Majority: A View into the Motivations and Aspirations Of Iran's Women in Higher Education

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kheiltash, Omid

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    are  wasted   in  Iran.    Arkiv  2003.    Retrieved  Esfandiari,  G.  (2003).   Iran:  Number  of  Female  Higher  Education  in  Iran?    Presentation  at  CIES  

  16. Prevalence and Correlates of Hepatitis C Infection among Male Injection Drug Users in Detention, Tehran, Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in the Islamic Republic of Iran. Brie?ng Paper Eight, Thedrug users (IDUS) in Mashhad, Iran. International Journal ofof Hammadan prison (Iran, 1998). Journal of Research in

  17. Analysis of 15 years of skin cancer in central Iran (Yazd)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noorbala, Mohammad Taghi; Kafaie, P

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    evaluation in center of Iran. Pejoohesh in medical scienceskin cancer in central Iran (Yazd) Mohammad Taghi NoorbalaScience University of Yazd, Iran. mtnoorbala@gmail.com

  18. Pakistan: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoading map...(UtilityCounty,Orleans County,PPP EquipmentPartners LLC5657° LoadingPakistan:

  19. IRAN: laboratory test bench for hypertelescope pupil-plane recombination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liske, Jochen

    IRAN: laboratory test bench for hypertelescope pupil-plane recombination F. Allouchea,b, F. Vakilib-Antipolis, CNRS UMR 6525 Parc Valrose, 06108 Nice Cedex 2, France ABSTRACT In 2004, our group proposed IRAN-apertures illuminated by laser sources are recombined using the IRAN scheme. The validation of the IRAN recombination

  20. The Iran Nuclear Crisis: An Update

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scott Sagan

    2007-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Will Iran develop nuclear weapons capabilities and what effects would such capabilities have on international peace and security? Despite two recent U.N. Security Council resolutions sanctioning Iran for its nuclear activities, the government in Tehran continues to press ahead with efforts to expand its uranium enrichment program to industrial scale. But both the Tehran regime and the Iranian people remain divided on the nuclear question, creating opportunities for a negotiated settlement. It is essential for US security that the Iranian program be contained, for nuclear weapons in Iran would increase risks of regional instability, terrorist use, and further proliferation. The U.S. and its negotiating partners have already missed a number of potential opportunities for a diplomatic breakthrough, but the right mix of incentives designed to address the reasons driving Iran’s nuclear program could still succeed in producing an acceptable outcome.

  1. The Dynamics of Reform of India’s Federal System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singh, Nirvikar

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    very different set of policies, India has followed China inIssues in Tax Policy and Reform in India, paper presented atWater Disputes in India: Institutions and Policies,” in

  2. WTERT-India Observations from India's Crisis Ranjith Annepu Observations from India's Crisis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    as the city could not find a new landfill site. Author Ranjith Annepu, WTERT ­ India Date February 04, 2013WTERT- India Observations from India's Crisis Ranjith Annepu Observations from India's Crisis Waste-to-Energy Research and Technology Council (WTERT) ­ India, 89-B, NEERI Mumbai Zonal Lab, Worli

  3. Energy conservation and thermal comfort in buildings in northern Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sullivan, Gregory Patrick

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Hunza Valley, a remote area of mountainous northern Pakistan, is undergoing rapid change culturally, socially, and architecturally. Many of these changes are linked to the exchange of information and commerce facilitated ...

  4. Daughters of Eve : violence against women in Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noor, Muhammad Jehanzeb, 1982-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this study was to conduct extensive research on domestic violence against women in Pakistan and to present the results in a comprehensive document. Some of the issues investigated through fieldwork and covered ...

  5. Structural engineering for northern Pakistan : indigenous architecture and earthquake resistance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Su, Jimmy Chi-yi

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the Fall of 1993, a joint project began between architectural designers and engineers, for the design of houses in Karimabad, located in the Northern Areas of Pakistan. This thesis records the author's involvement as ...

  6. Women’s Pathways to Mental Health in India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sood, Anubha

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    settings? How can India’s mental health policy frameworkhealth policy making and implementation in India in recentthat India’s current mental health policies are detrimental

  7. Energy Usage Attitudes of Urban India IBM Research India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toronto, University of

    Energy Usage Attitudes of Urban India Mohit Jain IBM Research India mohitjain@in.ibm.com Deepika@cs.cmu.edu Amarjeet Singh IIIT Delhi, India amarjeet@iiitd.ac.in Abstract-- Though rapid increase in energy factors affecting energy consumption in urban India. However, the small numbers of participants in those

  8. COLE POLYTECHNIQUE, PARIS, FRANCE & SHARIF UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY, TEHRAN, IRAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Ă?COLE POLYTECHNIQUE, PARIS, FRANCE & SHARIF UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY, TEHRAN, IRAN Ă?COLE DOCTORAL of Technology (Tehran, IRAN) tel-00540175,version1-11Dec2010 #12;tel-00540175,version1-11Dec2010 #12

  9. ORIGINAL PAPER Trends in meteorological and agricultural droughts in Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    AghaKouchak, Amir

    ORIGINAL PAPER Trends in meteorological and agricultural droughts in Iran S. Golian & O. Mazdiyasni droughts and their trends in Iran, as well as several subregions with different climate conditions from, northwestern, and central parts of Iran have experienced sig- nificant drying trends at a 95 % confidence level

  10. AMERICAN POLICY AND IRAN'S NUCLEAR PROGRAMME: THE CHINA ANALOGY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heinke, Dietmar

    1 AMERICAN POLICY AND IRAN'S NUCLEAR PROGRAMME: THE CHINA ANALOGY For historians of American policy toward China in the 1960s, the current nuclear crisis over Iran has some eerie and suggestive parallels to Iran, Pentagon hawks saw an ideal opportunity for military action which would give China a bloody nose

  11. First evidence for large earthquakes4 on the Deshir Fault, Central Iran Plateau5

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 1 2 3 First evidence for large earthquakes4 on the Deshir Fault, Central Iran Plateau5 6 7 8 of Iran, Po Box:13185-1494,Teheran-Iran.13 email: nazari@gsi-iran.org, talebian@gsi-iran.org, foroutan@gsi.ir, ghorashi@gsi-iran.org14 2: The Institute of Geophysics, University of Teheran, Teheran, Iran.15 email

  12. Embargo on Iran hurts supply firms

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lyle, D.

    1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    When President Clinton dropped an embargo on Iran, he also collided with oilfield supply companies to the tune of some $662.5 million. The embargo locked Iran away from oil exports to the US and some imports from the US in an attempt to stop Iran from: building a nuclear weapons stockpile; threatening the Persian Gulf with conventional military operations, and supporting terrorism. Most people would agree with the need to stop that activity. But, the supply companies would have preferred something less drastic. The Petroleum Equipment Suppliers Association, and the Tom Wheatley Valve Co. of Houston, said Iran owes suppliers approximately a half-billion dollars in receivables. That money may never be recovered, and it could send some companies into bankruptcy. In addition, the embargo cuts off $325 million in business the US conducts with Iran and about half of that business goes to the oil industry. If you plug that $162.5 million into Department of Labor statistics that say each $1 million sustains 20 jobs, the industry stands to lose 3250 jobs.

  13. Oil, state and industrialization in Iran

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Karshenas, M.

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In contrast to its agrarian policies, Iran's industrialization drive during 1954-1977 has received scant attention. This book is the first substantive study of Iran's industrialization that also covers the oil boom years, and is comparable to some of the studies on Egypt and Turkey. It thus fills a void in the literature. The wealth of information and data and the careful analysis combine to make it a scholarly contribution to the study of economic development in pre-1979 Iran. In particular, the quantitative measurements presented in the appendices are enormously valuable to researchers. This book, is also a valuable source in a graduate-level course on economic development in the Middle East.

  14. Iran plans huge private sector MTBE plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alperowicz, N.

    1992-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    An export-oriented 1-million m.t./year methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) plant is planned as one of Iran`s private sector investment projects. State-owned National Petrochemical Co (NPC; Tehran) and the Dubai-based Iranian businessman Abdul Wahab Galadari have signed a letter of intent allowing Galadari to develop the venture. Colt Engineering (Calgary, AL) is assisting Galadari with costs, planning and technology selection for the estimated $300-million plus venture. An important meeting with NPC is scheduled end of this month, says Galadari, and a financial package should be put together by end of March or April. The facility will most likely be wholly-owned by the Galadari family, roughly 50% by members resident in Iran and the remainder by the Dubai-based concern A.W. Galadari Sons. NPC says it may take a token shareholding in the venture.

  15. Reliability and economy -- Hydro electricity for Iran

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jahromi-Shirazi, M.J.; Zarbakhsh, M.H. [Teleh Shofage Co., Ghazvin (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Reliability is the probability that a device or system will perform its function adequately, for the period of time intended, under the operating conditions intended. Reliability and economy are two important factors in operating any system, especially in power generation. Due to the high rate in population growth in Iran, the experts have estimated that the demand for electricity will be about 63,000 MW in the next 25 years, the installed power is now about 26,000 MW. Therefore, the energy policy decision made in Iran is to go to power generation by hydroelectric plants because of reliability, availability of water resources and the economics of hydroelectric power.

  16. The Political Economy of India’s Fiscal Federal System and its Reform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rao, M. Govinda; Singh, Nirvikar

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Public Finance: Policy Issues for India, New Delhi: OxfordBank conference on India: Fiscal Policies to Acceleratepolicies and own investments have also determined resource flows across India

  17. The Management of International Rivers as Demands Grow and Supplies Tighten: India, China, Nepal, Pakistan, Bangladesh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crow, Ben; Singh, Nirvikar

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2009 T ABLE 1: L ARGER HYDROELECTRIC AND DIVERSION PROJECTSin the promotion of hydroelectric power is not known. Bothwas primarily focused on hydroelectric power coming from the

  18. The Management of International Rivers as Demands Grow and Supplies Tighten: India, China, Nepal, Pakistan, Bangladesh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crow, Ben; Singh, Nirvikar

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    possible new water and environmental management initiativesminimize the environmental costs) of water management, andenvironmental issues, the focus of the proposed body would be specifically on water management,

  19. The Management of International Rivers as Demands Grow and Supplies Tighten: India, China, Nepal, Pakistan, Bangladesh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crow, Ben; Singh, Nirvikar

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    minimize the environmental costs) of water management, andspecifically on water management, with environmental issuespossible new water and environmental management initiatives

  20. The Management of International Rivers as Demands Grow and Supplies Tighten: India, China, Nepal, Pakistan, Bangladesh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crow, Ben; Singh, Nirvikar

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    relating to hydroelectricity generation, irrigation water,resources to generate hydroelectricity Managing watershedsFor example, micro-hydroelectricity generation may be an

  1. The Management of International Rivers as Demands Grow and Supplies Tighten: India, China, Nepal, Pakistan, Bangladesh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crow, Ben; Singh, Nirvikar

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in the promotion of hydroelectric power is not known. Bothwas primarily focused on hydroelectric power coming from theirrigation and hydroelectric power generation schemes better

  2. Services-Led Industrialization in India: Assessment and Lessons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singh, Nirvikar

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in the Indian Economy,” India Policy Forum, forthcoming.of the economic policies followed by India from independencefor Development Policy In reviewing India’s experience with

  3. Sustaining mobile pastoralists in the mountains of northern Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    Sustaining mobile pastoralists in the mountains of northern Pakistan Mobile pastoralism According' average prolificacy and mortality rates (89% and 30% respec- tively), the landless mobile pastoral- ists do not own land, so mobile pastoralism is central to their livelihoods. They move their animals

  4. Simulating the Afghanistan-Pakistan opium supply chain

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Watkins, Jennifer H [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Mac Kerrow, Edward P [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Merritt, Terence [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper outlines an opium supply chain using the Hilmand province of Afghanistan as exemplar. The opium supply chain model follows the transformation of opium poppy seed through cultivation and chemical alteration to brown heroin base. The purpose of modeling and simulating the Afghanistan-Pakistan opium supply chain is to discover and test strategies that will disrupt this criminal enterprise.

  5. A Security Definition for Multi Secret Sharing and a Scheme Based Massoud Hadian Dehkordi, Iran University of Science and Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Iran University of Science and Technology Reza Ghasemi, Iran University of Science and Technology Since. Ghasemi, The School of Mathematics, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran mhadian

  6. Design issues concerning Iran`s Bushehr nuclear power plant VVER-1000 conversion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carson, C.F. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, CA (United States)

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    On January 8, 1995, the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran (AEOI) signed a contract for $800 million with the Russian Federation Ministry for Atomic Energy (Minatom) to complete Bushehr nuclear power plant (BNPP) unit 1. The agreement called for a Russian VVER-1000/320 pressurized water reactor (PWR) to be successfully installed into the existing German-built BNPP facilities in 5 yr. System design differences, bomb damage, and environmental exposure are key issues with which Minatom must contend in order to fulfill the contract. The AEOI under the Shah of Iran envisioned Bushehr as the first of many nuclear power plants, with Iran achieving 24 GW(electric) by 1993 and 34 GW(electric) by 2000. Kraftwerk Union AG (KWU) began construction of the two-unit plant near the Persian Gulf town of Halileh in 1975. Unit 1 was {approx}80% complete and unit 2 was {approx}50% complete when construction was interrupted by the 1979 Iranian Islamic revolution. Despite repeated AEOI attempts to lure KWU and other companies back to Iran to complete the plant, Western concerns about nuclear proliferation in Iran and repeated bombings of the plant during the 1980-1988 Iran-Iraq war dissuaded Germany from resuming construction.

  7. Politics of oil and revolution in Iran

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bakhash, S.

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Elements of continuity and change in Iran's post-revolution oil strategy, the domestic forces that helped to shape oil policy, the regional repercussions of the Iranian revolution, and the manner in which the Iranian authorities have reacted to changes in the oil market over the past three and half years are examined.

  8. Iran rebuilding petroleum industry, output capacity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tippee, B.

    1991-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reports on Iran which has turned away from stern isolationism this year in order to rebuild a war-ravaged petroleum industry and stimulate its economy. The reconstruction effort includes participation, under terms still not well defined, by non-Iranian companies in upstream oil and gas operations.

  9. A Report on Smoking Advertising and Promotion Bans in The lslamic Republic of Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    World Health Organization; Ministry of Health and Medical Education Deputy of Health

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    increase tobacco use in the Islamic Republic of Iran.The Islamic Republic of Iran Ministry of Health and MedicalCommittee Islamic Republic of Iran World Health Organization

  10. Waterpipe smoking among health sciences university students in Iran: perceptions, practices and patterns of use.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghafouri, Nasim; Hirsch, Jan D; Heydari, Gholamreza; Morello, Candis M; Kuo, Grace M; Singh, Renu F

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    HA, colleagues: I.R. Iran global youth tobacco survey (GYTS)www.who.int/tobacco/surveillance/Iran%20GYTS2007% 20final%sciences university students in Iran: perceptions, practices

  11. Comparison of biological and chemical phosphorus fertilizers on rapeseed yield in Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Madani, hamid; Kelarestaghi, Kioomars Bakhsh; Malboobi, Mohammad Ali

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    PSB) on Potato Yield at Iran Environment. Procceding of 18Arak Islamic Azad University, Iran (Table 1) in the 2006/07Arak Islamic Azad University, Iran. Physical properties 0-30

  12. India: Asia-Pacific energy series country report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gazdar, M.N.

    1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As part of our continuing assessment of Asia-Pacific energy markets, the Resources Programs of the East-West Center series of country studies that discuss in detail the structure of the energy sector. To date, our reports to the US Department of Energy, Assistant Secretary for International Affairs and Energy Emergencies, have covered Australia, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, New Zealand, Pakistan, the Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, and Thailand. The country studies provide an overview of the economic and political situation in the various countries. We have highlighted petroleum and gas issues in the country studies and have attempted to show the foreign trade implications of oil and gas trade. To the greatest extent possible, we have provided the latest available statistics. Staff members have traveled extensively in-and at times have lived in-the countries under review and have held discussions with senior policymakers in government and industry. Thus, these reports provide not only information but also the latest thinking on energy issues in the various countries. Over the next few years these country studies can be updated and will provide a continuous, long-term source of energy sector analysis for the Asia-Pacific region. This India Asia-Pacific Energy Series Country Report is the follow-on to a study by Victor Lobo, Energy in India: The Oil Sector, which was published by the East-West Center in December 1989. The study focused on the petroleum industry, particularly refining, infrastructure, marketing and distribution, specifications of products, demand structure and pricing. This current study, must be seen as a supplement to our 1989 study and, as such, does not cover the petroleum sector in depth.

  13. The Most Sovereign of Masters: The History of Opium in Modern Iran, 1850-1955.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Regavim, Ram Baruch

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??This study surveys a century of commercial opium production in Iran, from 1850 to 1955. From an insignificant contributor to the global opium market, Iran… (more)

  14. Saudi-Arabias forverrede forhold til Iran etter 2011. : En konsekvens av řkte indre spenninger?.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grimsrud, Siri

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??Helt siden den islamske revolusjonen i Iran i 1979 har relasjonen mellom Saudi-Arabia og Iran vćrt preget av spenning. Begge landene řnsker, ved ĺ spre… (more)

  15. E-Print Network 3.0 - area southwestern iran Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    southwestern iran Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: area southwestern iran Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Doing Algebra in...

  16. E-Print Network 3.0 - ardabil iran functional Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ardabil iran functional Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: ardabil iran functional Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Phlebotomus perfiliewi...

  17. De Gaulle en Iran (octobre 1963): Le voyage oubli.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    De Gaulle en Iran (octobre 1963): Le voyage oublié. Dernière version avant publication dans la nouveau "normales" entre les démocraties occidentales et l'Iran. L'accession au pouvoir du modéré Khatami'esquisser en Iran. Une longue parenthèse serait ainsi appelée à se résorber, permettant de relancer

  18. Israel, Iran, and the United States: A Precarious Alliance.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellsworth, Roy J

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??The purpose of this work is to examine the relationship between Iran and Israel after Israel became a state in 1948 following the United Nations… (more)

  19. Ökonomische und sicherheitspolitische Interessen am Beispiel der Iran-Sanktionen.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramharter, Christina

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??Die Vereinten Nationen begegnen der Herausforderung, Konflikte zwischen der internationalen Gemeinschaft friedlich zu lösen, meist mit der Verhängung von Sanktionen. Auch im Fall Iran hat… (more)

  20. The Culture of revolution: Revolutionary transformation in Iran.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kojoori-Saatchi, Autoosa Elizabeth

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??The current challenges to the authority of the Islamic Republic and mass demonstrations in opposition to the presidential elections of 2009 in Iran, have raised… (more)

  1. Internet und Weblogs in der Islamischen Republik Iran.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krenner, Melanie

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??Welcher Spielraum existiert in der Islamischen Republik Iran für Meinungs- und Informationsfreiheit? Die vorliegende Arbeit untersucht den Zusammenhang zwischen der Entwicklung neuer digitaler Medien und… (more)

  2. India Energy Outlook: End Use Demand in India to 2020

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de la Rue du Can, Stephane

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Institute, “Curbing Global Energy Demand Growth: The Energyup Assessment of Energy Demand in India Transportationa profound effect on energy demand. Policy analysts wishing

  3. Fiscal Policy in India: Lessons and Priorities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singh, Nirvikar; Srinivasan, T. N.

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Fiscal Policy in India, N. Singh and T.February 2004 Fiscal Policy in India: Lessons andReview, 7-26. Fiscal Policy in India, N. Singh and T. N.

  4. Fiscal Federalism and Decentralization in India?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singh, Nirvikar

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Issues in Tax Policy and Reform in India, paper presented atA Sustainable Fiscal Policy for India: An InternationalA Sustainable Fiscal Policy for India: An International

  5. Beggarization: Beggary as an Organized Crime in Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Azam, Nadia

    2011-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

    on these connections inhibited their inclusion in this analysis, although some news evidence exists, such as in the case of Bangalore, where there are increasing reports of “a large racket” involving the “illegal extraction and sale of organs from dead beggars... sources, documentaries, and other online publications due to the lack of existing information on beggary as an organized crime in Pakistan. Research on this topic is still in its early stages, which is complicated by the illegal nature of the topic...

  6. Iran som Atommagt - En Magt- og Sikkerhedsanalyse; Iran as a Nuclear Power - A Power and Security Analysis.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atli Larsen, Daniel

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??Det internationale atomagentur (IAEA) mener, at Irans atomprogram i sidste ende har til formĺl at udvikle atomvĺben, og det internationale samfund fřlger tćt udviklingen i… (more)

  7. The Economics of Energy Independence for Iran

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wood, Thomas W.; Milazzo, Matthew D.; Reichmuth, Barbara A.; Bedell, Jeffrey J.

    2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Iran has pursued an ambitious nuclear program with the declared goal of long-term energy independence. While this is a worthwhile and generally accepted national planning objective, it is clear that the nuclear program as now structured will not achieve it, and in fact may delay it by diverting capital and other resources from projects that would address pressing current energy sector problems and contribute to ultimate energy independence.

  8. Future oil and gas: Can Iran deliver?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Takin, M. [Centre for Global Energy Studies, London (United Kingdom)

    1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Iran`s oil and gas production and exports constitute the country`s main source of foreign exchange earnings. The future level of these earnings will depend on oil prices, global demand for Iranian exports, the country`s productive capability and domestic consumption. The size of Iranian oil reserves suggests that, in principle, present productive capacity could be maintained and expanded. However, the greatest share of production in coming years still will come from fields that already have produced for several decades. In spite of significant remaining reserves, these fields are not nearly as prolific as they were in their early years. The operations required for further development are now more complicated and, in particular, more costly. These fields` size also implies that improving production, and instituting secondary and tertiary recovery methods (such as gas injection), will require mega-scale operations. This article discusses future oil and gas export revenues from the Islamic Republic of Iran, emphasizing the country`s future production and commenting on the effects of proposed US sanctions.

  9. Case Study: Iran, Islam, the NPT, and the Bomb

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Saunders, E .

    2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The goals of this case study are: (1) To examine the correlation between Iran's nuclear program and clerical statements; (2) To evaluate the importance of these statements; (3) To understand the relationship between policy and fatwas (Islamic decrees); (4) To address the issue of a 'nuclear fatwa'; and (5) To examine how, if at all, Sharia (Islamic law) has influenced Iran's actions or inactions with respect to the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), and Iran's adherence to its IAEA Safeguards Agreements and the Additional Protocol. The Islamic Republic of Iran (hereinafter Iran) is one of two theocracies in the world, the second being Vatican City. Iran's government derives its constitutional, moral, and political legitimacy from Islam. As a result of this theocratic culture, rules are set and interpreted with a much different calibrator than that of the Western world. Islam affects all aspects of Iranian life. This is further complicated by the fact that Islam is not a nationalistic faith, in that many people all over the world believe in and adhere to Islamic principles. As a result, a political system that derives much of its fervor from being nationalistic is caught between two worlds, one within the land boundaries of Iran and the other within a faith that transcends boundaries. Thus, any understanding of Islamic law must first be understood within this delicate balance of nationalism and transcendence. Iran has found itself on the international stage concerning its nuclear program. Because Iran is a theocratic state, it is imperative to examine its political moves, speeches, rights, and obligations through the lens of Islam. This study will examine how Islam plays a role in Iran's dealing with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), its understanding of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), including parties obligations under Safeguards Agreements and the Additional Protocol, and also provide a recommendation on how to move forward in dealings with Iran based in part on an understanding of Islamic principles.

  10. India's Worsening Uranium Shortage

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Curtis, Michael M.

    2007-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    As a result of NSG restrictions, India cannot import the natural uranium required to fuel its Pressurized Heavy Water Reactors (PHWRs); consequently, it is forced to rely on the expediency of domestic uranium production. However, domestic production from mines and byproduct sources has not kept pace with demand from commercial reactors. This shortage has been officially confirmed by the Indian Planning Commission’s Mid-Term Appraisal of the country’s current Five Year Plan. The report stresses that as a result of the uranium shortage, Indian PHWR load factors have been continually decreasing. The Uranium Corporation of India Ltd (UCIL) operates a number of underground mines in the Singhbhum Shear Zone of Jharkhand, and it is all processed at a single mill in Jaduguda. UCIL is attempting to aggrandize operations by establishing new mines and mills in other states, but the requisite permit-gathering and development time will defer production until at least 2009. A significant portion of India’s uranium comes from byproduct sources, but a number of these are derived from accumulated stores that are nearing exhaustion. A current maximum estimate of indigenous uranium production is 430t/yr (230t from mines and 200t from byproduct sources); whereas, the current uranium requirement for Indian PHWRs is 455t/yr (depending on plant capacity factor). This deficit is exacerbated by the additional requirements of the Indian weapons program. Present power generation capacity of Indian nuclear plants is 4350 MWe. The power generation target set by the Indian Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) is 20,000 MWe by the year 2020. It is expected that around half of this total will be provided by PHWRs using indigenously supplied uranium with the bulk of the remainder provided by breeder reactors or pressurized water reactors using imported low-enriched uranium.

  11. Carbon taxes and India

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fisher-Vanden, K.A.; Pitcher, H.M.; Edmonds, J.A.; Kim, S.H. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Shukla, P.R. [Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad (India)

    1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Using the Indian module of the Second Generation Model 9SGM, we explore a reference case and three scenarios in which greenhouse gas emissions were controlled. Two alternative policy instruments (carbon taxes and tradable permits) were analyzed to determine comparative costs of stabilizing emissions at (1) 1990 levels (the 1 X case), (2) two times the 1990 levels (the 2X case), and (3) three times the 1990 levels (the 3X case). The analysis takes into account India`s rapidly growing population and the abundance of coal and biomass relative to other fuels. We also explore the impacts of a global tradable permits market to stabilize global carbon emissions on the Indian economy under the following two emissions allowance allocation methods: (1) {open_quotes}Grandfathered emissions{close_quotes}: emissions allowances are allocated based on 1990 emissions. (2) {open_quotes}Equal per capita emissions{close_quotes}: emissions allowances are allocated based on share of global population. Tradable permits represent a lower cost method to stabilize Indian emissions than carbon taxes, i.e., global action would benefit India more than independent actions.

  12. UN Security Council: Iran violating ban on nuclear weapons programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    UN Security Council: Iran violating ban on nuclear weapons programs 7 September 2011 Denouncement comes after International Atomic Energy Agency submits a report claiming Iran continues to make advances weaponization of its nuclear program. The United States, Germany, France and Britain joined forces in exposing

  13. Biclique Cryptanalysis of the Block Cipher SQUARE Department of Information Technology, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran Abstract. SQUARE, an 8-round substitution-permutation block cipher

  14. Escherichia coli: a brief review of diarrheagenic pathotypes and their role in diarrheal diseases in Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    in Iran Jafari A1 , Aslani MM2* , Bouzari S1,3* 1 Molecular Biology Unit, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran. 2 Bacteriology Department, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran. 3 National Escherichia coli, Aslani MM Address: Molecular Biology Unit, Pasteur Institute of Iran. National Escherichia coli Reference

  15. The Frequency of DYT1 (GAG Deletion) Mutation in Primary Dystonia Patients from Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    The Frequency of DYT1 (GAG Deletion) Mutation in Primary Dystonia Patients from Iran Mohammad Hamid. Molecular Medicine Division, Biotechnology Research Center, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran, Iran 2. Medical Genetics Department, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran 3

  16. Post-Disaster Reconstruction Models in the Asia Pacific: the cases of China, Iran and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Botea, Adi

    Post-Disaster Reconstruction Models in the Asia Pacific: the cases of China, Iran and Myanmar Helen ­ Sichuan Earthquake 2008 Iran ­ Bam Earthquake 2003; Tabriz Earthquake 2012 Myanmar ­ Cyclone Nargis 2008 element in psycho-social recovery and reconstruction phase. #12;Iran Model Iran: Bam Earthquake 2003

  17. Iran`s petroleum policy: Current trends and the future outlook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pezeshki, S.; Fesharaki, F.

    1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Iranian economy and political situation have undergone radical changes since the 1979 Islamic revolution. The excesses of the early years of the revolution have gradually given way to moderation and a more pragmatic economic policy--based on the principles of the free market. The petroleum policy, as a subset of the economic policies, has been somewhat affected by the political and economic developments in Iran. The petroleum policy has changed from a position of no foreign participation to a position that includes a desire for foreign participation, the text of a model contract, and an attempt to introduce new technologies in the upstream sector. This report provides an overview of the key issues facing the Iranian oil industry and the economic context in which the oil industry is operating in Iran. It describes the evolution of policies meant to move the oil industry toward the free market; it discusses Iran`s oil trading partners, the outlook for refining and project investments, and current and likely future developments in the natural gas and petrochemical sectors. In short, the report provides an up-to-date assessment of the Iranian petroleum sector and its likely evolution in the future.

  18. RCUK India timeline Since 2008 RCUK India has facilitated over 80 million of UK-India research funding, with 7 different research funders in India.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berzins, M.

    health and crop sciences. UK partner: BBSRC India partner: DBT Solar Energy Two multimillion poundRCUK India timeline Since 2008 RCUK India has facilitated over Ł80 million of UK-India research ENERGY CLIMATE CHANGE Department of Science and Technology (DST) Science Bridges Three multimillion pound

  19. Iran: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat JumpInc Place: EdenOverview OfIowa/Incentives < Iowa JumpIran: Energy

  20. Gauging Improvements in Urban Building Energy Policy in India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Christopher

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Urban Building Energy Policy in India Christopher WilliamsUrban Building Energy Policy in India Christopher Williamsefficiency policies and programs in India are in an active

  1. Reassessing Wind Potential Estimates for India: Economic and Policy Implications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Phadke, Amol

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Estimates for India: Economic and Policy Implications AmolEstimates for India: Economic and Policy Implications Amolpolicies, and programs, wind energy can be a core component of India

  2. Reassessing Wind Potential Estimates for India: Economic and Policy Implications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Phadke, Amol

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the need to reassess wind potential estimates in India andDivision Reassessing Wind Potential Estimates for India:July 2011 Reassessing Wind Potential Estimates for India:

  3. Solar and Wind Resource Assessments for Afghanistan and Pakistan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Renne, D. S.; Kelly, M.; Elliott, D.; George, R.; Scott, G.; Haymes, S.; Heimiller, D.; Milbrandt, A.; Cowlin, S.; Gilman, P.; Perez, R.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The U.S. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has recently completed the production of high-resolution wind and solar energy resource maps and related data products for Afghanistan and Pakistan. The resource data have been incorporated into a geospatial toolkit (GsT), which allows the user to manipulate the resource information along with country-specific geospatial information such as highway networks, power facilities, transmission corridors, protected land areas, etc. The toolkit allows users to then transfer resource data for specific locations into NREL's micropower optimization model known as HOMER.

  4. Nuclear fuel cycle assessment of India: a technical study for U.S.-India cooperation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Woddi, Taraknath Venkat Krishna

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The recent civil nuclear cooperation proposed by the Bush Administration and the Government of India has heightened the necessity of assessing India’s nuclear fuel cycle inclusive of nuclear materials and facilities. This agreement proposes...

  5. La France et l'Iran, des nations si lointaines et si proches 197 La France et l'Iran, des nations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    La France et l'Iran, des nations si lointaines et si proches 197 La France et l'Iran, des nations si lointaines et si proches Le recteur Gérard-François DUMONT* La France et l'Iran apparaissent comme'autre. Pour les Français, comme sans doute pour les autres Européens, penser ce pays asiatique qu'est l'Iran

  6. Russia's Foreign Policy Toward Iran: A Critical Geopolitics Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Omelicheva, Mariya Y.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    document contains the author’s accepted manuscript. For the publisher’s version, see the link in the header of this document.] Russia’s Foreign Policy Toward Iran: A Critical Geopolitics Perspective Mariya Y. Omelicheva Paper citation: Omelicheva..., Mariya Y. Russia’s Foreign Policy Toward Iran: A Critical Geopolitics Perspective, forthcoming in Journal of Balkan and Near Eastern Studies, 14(3): 331-344, 2012. Abstract: Russia’s foreign policy stance on nuclear Iran has been a subject of debate...

  7. India Energy Outlook: End Use Demand in India to 2020

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de la Rue du Can, Stephane

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Activity, 2005-06 8India's GDP, with 54% in 2005-06 (MOSPI, 2007b) and is alsoby Economic Activity, 2005-06 GDP Share AAGR (billion of GDP

  8. Key Classification Attack on Block Ciphers Maghsoud Parviz, Math. Dept., Sharif University of Technology,Tehran, IRAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of Technology,Tehran, IRAN maghsoudparviz@alum.sharif.ir Seyed Hassan Mousavi, Math. Dept., Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan, IRAN shnmousavi_iut@yahoo.fr Saeed Mirahmadi, Pooyesh Educational Institute, Qom, IRAN

  9. State Finances in India: A Case for Systemic Reform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singh, Nirvikar

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    T.N. Srinivasan (2005b), Fiscal Policy in India: Lessons andPriorities, in Fiscal Policy in India, Peter Heller, ed. ,in India,” in Fiscal Policy in India, Peter Heller, ed. ,

  10. The role of energy sector in sustainable development in Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Golabi, Zanyar

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Generally speaking, both supply and use of energy in Iran are unsustainable. The unsustainable energy supply and use coupled with an unreliable and unsecure energy system have striking and lasing impacts on economic, social ...

  11. The progress of e-Government in Iran.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haghighi, Behrooz

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??This thesis intends to examine the progress of e-government in Iran and its plans towards practices in the field of e-government as well as comparing… (more)

  12. Early Islamic architecture in Iran (637-1059) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anisi, Alireza

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis discusses the architecture of early Islamic Iran (16-450/637-1059). To better understand the architectural history of this period, it is necessary to specify in detail how it took shape and to describe its ...

  13. "Shelter within my reach" : medium rise apartment housing for the middle income group in Karachi, Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahmood, Saman, 1972-

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis identifies the project development processes of medium rise (five storied or less) apartment housing built by the private formal sector, catering to the middle income groups in Karachi, Pakistan. Middle income ...

  14. Stratigraphic boundary problems: Permian and Triassic of West Pakistan. Edited by Bernhard Kummel and Curt Teichert

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    suggestions. A. J. Rowell reviewed the chapter "Stratigraphy of Permian and Triassic Rocks." Teichert wishes to thank K. N. Kravchenko and I. A. Voskresensky, former advisers to the Oil and Gas De- velopment Corporation of Pakistan, for many helpful...

  15. Multiple Structural Breaks in India's GDP: Evidence from India's Service Sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bandyopadhyay, Antar

    of economists and policy makers. India was designated as an agricultural country with a highest share1 Multiple Structural Breaks in India's GDP: Evidence from India's Service Sector Purba Roy Choudhury1 Abstract: This paper takes a comprehensive investigation into India's service sector, the main

  16. Technology transfer effectiveness through international joint ventures (IJVs) to their component suppliers: a study of the automotive industry of Pakistan.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khan, Sardar Zaheer Ahmad

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??This thesis investigates the important topic of technology transfer effectiveness from international joint ventures (IJVs) established in the automotive industry of Pakistan to their local… (more)

  17. Energy Management by Recycling of Vehicle Waste Oil in Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hassan Ali Durrani

    Abstract: Pakistan has been suffering from an energy crisis for about half a decade now. The power crisis is proving to be unbearable, so importing huge amount of hydrocarbons from abroad to meet its energy needs. This study therefore focuses on the analysis of energy and environmental benefits for vehicle waste lubricant oil pertaining to its reuse by means of: (i) regain the heating value of used oils in a combustion process and (ii) recycling of waste oil to make fresh oil products. The waste oil samples were tested by ICP method and the test results were compared with standard requirements. It was found that the matter could effectively be solved by means of waste oil management practices together with collection centers, transports and processors by encouraging and financial help for the recycling industry. The importance and worth of this work concludes minor levels of hazardous elements when regained the heating value from the waste lubricating oil.

  18. Environmental and Economical Evaluation of Integrating NGL Extraction and LNG Liquefaction Technology in Iran LNG Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manesh, M. H. K.; Mazhari, V.

    Environmental and Economical Evaluation of Integrating NGL Extraction and LNG Liquefaction Technology in Iran LNG Project Mohammad Hasan Khoshgoftar Manesh, Vahid Mazhari Iran Power Projects Management Company The combination of changing...

  19. robustly minimal iterated function systems Department of Mathematics, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Homburg, Ale Jan

    University of Mashhad, Iran f h ghane@yahoo.com A.J. Homburg Korteweg-de Vries Institute for Mathematics University of Mashhad, Iran ali.sarizadeh@gmail.com August 6, 2009 Abstract We construct iterated function

  20. Search for Impact Craters in Iran: Citizen Science as a Useful Method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pourkhorsandi, Hamed

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    To recognition probable impact craters in Iran, we use Google Earth data in the first step. Some probable structures identified and studies suggest non-impact origin for them. Studies on other craters in Iran are in progress.

  1. Paleoearthquakes of the past 30,000 years along the North Tehran Fault (Iran)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paleoearthquakes of the past 30,000 years along the North Tehran Fault (Iran) J.-F. Ritz,1 H. Ghorashi, and A. Saidi (2012), Paleoearthquakes of the past 30,000 years along the North Tehran Fault (Iran

  2. E-Print Network 3.0 - air tehran iran Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    tehran iran Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air tehran iran Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Doing Algebra in Sather-Wagstaff Summary:...

  3. Government of India Department of Science & Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kumar, M. Jagadesh

    Grant & Scholarship Programs The Australia-India Council Australia India Institute Endeavour and Marker-assisted Breeding Nutraceuticals and Functional Foods Bioremediation Bioenergy and Biofuels, immunomodulators and immunotherapeutics Biotechnological interventions for improved agricultural productivity

  4. Phytologia (August 2012) 94(2) 219 TAXONOMY OF JUNIPERUS IN IRAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Robert P.

    Phytologia (August 2012) 94(2) 219 TAXONOMY OF JUNIPERUS IN IRAN: INSIGHT FROM DNA SEQUENCING_Adams@baylor.edu and Fatemeh Hojjati Dept. of Plant Sciences, University of Tehran, Box 14155-6455, Tehran, Iran ABSTRACT that junipers from the southern mountain ranges of Iran are very diverse. The combined NJ tree (3,705 bp) showed

  5. Exploiting Two Intelligent Models to Predict Water Level: A field study of Urmia lake, Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Thomas

    Exploiting Two Intelligent Models to Predict Water Level: A field study of Urmia lake, Iran Shahab. The measurements from a single tide gauge at Urmia Lake, Northwest Iran, were used to train and validate the GP of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran. Tel: 0098-411-3392786 Fax: 0098-411-3345332, (e-mail: sha- hab kvk66@yahoo

  6. Some insight on why Bam (Iran) was destroyed by an earthquake of relatively moderate size

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hatzfeld, Denis

    Some insight on why Bam (Iran) was destroyed by an earthquake of relatively moderate size Michel March 2006; accepted 29 March 2006; published 13 May 2006. [1] The Bam (Iran) earthquake of 2003. Hatzfeld, J. A. Jackson, and E. Haghshenas (2006), Some insight on why Bam (Iran) was destroyed

  7. IRAN UNDER MONGOL DOMINATION The effectiveness and failings of a dual administrative system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    IRAN UNDER MONGOL DOMINATION The effectiveness and failings of a dual administrative system Denise, as countries with a long sedentary tradition, such as China and Iran, were made subject to a single people of the steppes for over a century.4 THE CONQUEST OF THE IRANIAN LANDS Iran had suffered other major invasions

  8. POSTER PRESENTATION Open Access Lessons of 10 years experience on CCHF in Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    POSTER PRESENTATION Open Access Lessons of 10 years experience on CCHF in Iran S Chinikar1* , SM of CCHF in the country. The Lab along with CDC of Iran (national health regulator) and Veterinary Committee on Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers (NECVHFs) for surveillance and control of CCHF in Iran. Methods Since

  9. Seismic imaging of the lithospheric structure of the Zagros mountain belt (Iran)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hatzfeld, Denis

    Seismic imaging of the lithospheric structure of the Zagros mountain belt (Iran) ANNE PAUL1*, DENIS International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology, Tehran, Iran 3 Institute for Advanced Studies in Basic Sciences (IASBS), PO Box 45195-1159, Zanjan, Iran *Corresponding author (e-mail: Anne

  10. GPS network monitors the Arabia-Eurasia collision deformation in Iran F. Nilforoushan1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vernant, Philippe

    GPS network monitors the Arabia-Eurasia collision deformation in Iran F. Nilforoushan1 , F. Masson2 Department, National Cartographic Centre, PO Box 13185­1684, Meraj Ave, Tehran, Iran e-mail: f and Seismology, Farmanieh, Dibaji, Arghavan St., No. 27, 19531 Tehran, Iran Received: 22 July 2002 / Accepted: 26

  11. The Conditional Relationship between Risk and Return in Iran's Stock Market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia

    The Conditional Relationship between Risk and Return in Iran's Stock Market Mahdieh Rezagholizadeh an important role in Iran's economic growth. This paper examines the factors that affect stock returns in Iran by estimating the relationship between various sources of risk -- market risk, oil price risk

  12. NATURE PHYSICS | VOL 10 | JULY 2014 | www.nature.com/naturephysics 465 Science diplomacy in Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loss, Daniel

    in Iran Warren E. Pickett, Anthony J. Leggett and Paul C. W. Chu Iranian scientists are growing increasingly isolated because of political tensions between Iran and the West. We attempt to alleviate been unwelcome during most of the ensuing 35 years. The strained political relationship between Iran

  13. Extension in NW Iran driven by the motion of the South Caspian Basin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vernant, Philippe

    Extension in NW Iran driven by the motion of the South Caspian Basin F. Masson a,, Y. Djamour b , S, Iran c International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology, Farmanieh, Dibaji, Arghavan St., N° 27, 19531 Tehran, Iran d Department of Earth, Atmospheric, and Planetary Sciences, Massachusetts

  14. Three-dimensional deformation caused by the Bam, Iran, earthquake and the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Three-dimensional deformation caused by the Bam, Iran, earthquake and the origin of shallow slip on seismogenic faults. We derive the full vector displacement field due to the Bam, Iran, earthquake of moment on deformation associated with the Mw ÂĽ 6.5 Bam earthquake in Iran determined using the SAR data from the ERS

  15. Seismological evidence for crustal-scale thrusting in the Zagros mountain belt (Iran)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Seismological evidence for crustal-scale thrusting in the Zagros mountain belt (Iran) Anne Paul 1 Grenoble Cedex, France 2 International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology, Tehran, Iran 3 that the crust of Zagros underthrusts the crust of central Iran along the MZT considered as a crustal

  16. MHD Precursor to disruption in Iran Tokamak 1 Alireza Hojabri1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    MHD Precursor to disruption in Iran Tokamak 1 Alireza Hojabri1,2 , Mahmmod Ghoranneviss2 and Fatemeh Hajakbari1,2 Physics group, Islamic Azad University of Karaj 31485-313, Iran. Plasma Physics Research Center, Azad University, Tehran 14835-197,Iran The purpose of this paper is to further investigate

  17. Deciphering oblique shortening of central Alborz in Iran using geodetic data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demouchy, Sylvie

    Deciphering oblique shortening of central Alborz in Iran using geodetic data Ph. Vernanta,*, F 13185-1684, Meraj Av., Tehran, Iran Received 27 January 2004; received in revised form 16 April 2004 accommodates the differential motion between the Sanandaj­Sirjan zone in central Iran and the South Caspian

  18. Detrital zircon provenance of Neoproterozoic to Cenozoic deposits in Iran: Implications for chronostratigraphy and collisional tectonics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Horton, Brian K.

    Detrital zircon provenance of Neoproterozoic to Cenozoic deposits in Iran: Implications 14155-6455, Tehran, Iran d Department of Geology, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS 66045, USA e provenance history of Iran. The results place improved chronological constraints on the age of earliest

  19. 1 aot 2005 Rapport de mission CIMPA en Iran, juillet 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waldschmidt, Michel

    1 août 2005 Rapport de mission CIMPA en Iran, juillet 2005 Je suis allé en Iran du 8 au 23 juillet. Malgré ces absences la participation de jeunes mathématiciens en dehors de l'Iran a été convenable (même

  20. Phlebotomus perfiliewi transcaucasicus is circulating both Leishmania donovani and L. infantum in northwest Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in northwest Iran Mohammad Ali Oshaghi a,*, Naseh Maleki Ravasan b , Mallorie Hide c , Ezat-Aldin Javadian-6446, Iran b Department of Medical Parasitology and Entomology, College of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran c G'en'etique et Evolution des Maladies Infectieuses, IRD/CNRS (UMR 2724), F-34394

  1. ISSN 1735-1383 Iran. J. Immunol. June 2012, 9 (2), 86-97

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    ISSN 1735-1383 Iran. J. Immunol. June 2012, 9 (2), 86-97 Fatemeh Roodbari, Farzaneh Sabahi, Mohamad and submission visit: www.iji.ir For assistance or queries, email: iji@sums.ac.ir #12;Roodbari F, et al Iran of Basic Sciences, 4 Biotechnology Research Center, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran, 5 Department

  2. A perturbation approach for assessing trends in precipitation extremes across Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    AghaKouchak, Amir

    A perturbation approach for assessing trends in precipitation extremes across Iran Hossein Tabari a of Iran using a novel quantile perturbation method during 1980­2010. Precipitation data from NASA's Modern indicate significant anomalies in precipitation extremes in the northwest and southeast regions of Iran

  3. Late Cenozoic partitioning of oblique plate convergence in the Zagros fold-and-thrust belt (Iran)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Late Cenozoic partitioning of oblique plate convergence in the Zagros fold-and-thrust belt (Iran of oblique plate convergence in the Zagros fold-and-thrust belt (Iran), Tectonics, 25, TC3002, doi:10.1029/2005TC001860. 1. Introduction [2] The Zagros fold-and-thrust belt of southern Iran, the longest

  4. REVIEW OF CHAPTER 23: OLD MOSSY AND THE STRUGGLE FOR IRAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Donnell, Tom

    REVIEW OF CHAPTER 23: OLD MOSSY AND THE STRUGGLE FOR IRAN Chapter review broken out to assert his authority. Implications for Iran's oil. Along with his attempt to extend his political control, he sought to readjust the financial ties between Iran and the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company, in a similar

  5. Low fault friction in Iran implies localized deformation for the ArabiaEurasia collision zone

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vernant, Philippe

    Low fault friction in Iran implies localized deformation for the Arabia­Eurasia collision zone P velocity field of the present-day deformation in Iran is modeled using a 3-dimensional (3D) finite element of the kinematics in Iran, but the complex velocity field of the surrounding South Caspian basin cannot be fitted

  6. Nowzari et al. Habitat Associations of Persian Wild Ass in Iran HABITAT ASSOCIATIONS OF PERSIAN WILD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubenstein, Daniel I.

    25 Nowzari et al. · Habitat Associations of Persian Wild Ass in Iran HABITAT ASSOCIATIONS OF PERSIAN WILD ASS (EQUUS HEMIONUS ONAGER) IN QA- TROUYEH NATIONAL PARK, IRAN HANIYEH NOWZARI, Department of Environment, Abadeh Branch, Islamic Azad University, Abadeh, Iran. Address: No.475, 90 alley, Ghasrodasht Av

  7. A strong seismic velocity contrast in the shallow mantle across the Zagros collision zone (Iran)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    (Iran) A. Kaviani 1, 2 , A. Paul 1 , E. Bourova 1 , D. Hatzfeld 1 , H. Pedersen 1 , M. Mokhtari 2 1 19395/3913, Tehran, Iran Revised version, 8 June 2007 Keywords: Zagros collision belt, lithospheric residuals in the Zagros Simple Folded Belt and positive residuals in Central Iran. This difference

  8. Comparison of soil seed banks of habitats distributed along an altitudinal gradient in northern Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Iran R. Erfanzadeh1,* , S.H. Hosseini Kahnuj1 , H. Azarnivand2 and J. Pétillon3 1 Rangeland Management Department, Faculty of Natural Resources, Tarbiat Modares University, Iran. 2 Rangeland Management Department, Faculty of Natural Resources, Tehran University, Iran. 3 URU 420 - Université de Rennes 1, UMR 7204

  9. Imagining Iran before Nationalism: Geocultural Meanings of Land in Azar's Atashkadeh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salzman, Daniel

    CHAPTER 5 Imagining Iran before Nationalism: Geocultural Meanings of Land in Azar's Atashkadeh MANA KIA Nationalist views ofIran are predicated on "a congruence 0fstate, society and culture years has detailed the various ways in which this process of imagining Iran as a national homeland

  10. Visit in Iran from August 23 to September 6, 2003 Michel Waldschmidt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waldschmidt, Michel

    Visit in Iran from August 23 to September 6, 2003 by Michel Waldschmidt Introduction. In August of Mathematicians). There I met the representatives of Iran, Dr Mehdi Behzad, President of the Iranian Mathematical to Iran to go there. She helped me to contact the Director of this institute, Professor Youssef Sobuti

  11. Iran: Immigration and Visas Web Chat -Friday 22 June 2012 User Message

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oakley, Jeremy

    Iran: Immigration and Visas Web Chat - Friday 22 June 2012 User Message rojatafaroji hello to the University of Sheffield's 'Iran: Immigration and Visas' web chat. ghahhari88 Hello davood Hello Dear John'm khashayar the International Ambassador for Iran Internatioanal Student Ambassador _ Khashayar Welcome

  12. Phytologia (December 2011) 93(3)316 IDENTIFICATON OF THE ELBURZ MOUNTAINS, IRAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Robert P.

    Phytologia (December 2011) 93(3)316 IDENTIFICATON OF THE ELBURZ MOUNTAINS, IRAN JUNIPER and Rangelands, Box 13185-116, Tehran, Iran ABSTRACT The utilization of 3,714 bp from four gene regions (nr the Elburz Mtns., Iran as Juniperus polycarpos var. polycarpos, not J. excelsa. The combined NJ tree (3

  13. Oil exports, structural change, and economic development in Iran

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Emami-Khoi, A.

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Within the broad Chenery-Kuznets framework, using structural change as a major indicator of economic development, this study investigates the direction and magnitude and broad features of structural change in Iran, and the role of oil production and exports in that change. Although the study covers a larger horizon, the analysis is focused on the period 1955 through 1977. A similar but less-detailed investigation is conducted for Algeria, Indonesia, and Venezuela also, and a cross-country, comparative perspective is generated. The study shows that, in general, the structural changes in Iran have either been weak (for example, in production and employment), or they are contrary to what the model would predict (for instance in trade). The pattern of structural change observed in Iran, therefore, does not indicate any significant economic development even though per capita income increased five-fold over the period 1955 through 1977. In short, oil does not appear to have been an engine of economic development in Iran. The situation appears broadly similar for the other three countries. Based on these findings, the study offers some suggestions concerning the future economic strategies that should enhance very considerably the contribution that oil industry can make toward Iran's economic development, and should thus accelerate the pace of economic development. These suggestions may be useful to other oil-exporting countries as well.

  14. ELT in Iranian high schools in Iran, Malaysia and Japan 131 ELT in Iranian high schools in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chaudhuri, Sanjay

    ELT in Iranian high schools in Iran, Malaysia and Japan 131 ELT in Iranian high schools in Iran teachers using prescribed textbooks at Iranian high schools in Iran, Japan and Malaysia. Based on my own testing instruments, influence how teachers use these textbooks. In Iran, the highly standardized national

  15. COUNTRY INSTITUTION DATE WEB ADDRESS IRAN University of Art Isfahn 08.03.2007 http://www.aui.ac.ir

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Di Pillo, Gianni

    COUNTRY INSTITUTION DATE WEB ADDRESS IRAN University of Art Isfahn 08.03.2007 http://www.aui.ac.ir IRAN Isfahn University of Technology 08.03.2007 http://www.iut.ac.ir IRAN The University of Isfahn 15/03/2011 http://www.ui.ac.ir IRAN Shahid Bahonar University of Kermn 06.06.2005 http

  16. Phytologia (November 2013) 95(4)288 Leaf essential oils of Juniperus in central and southern Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Robert P.

    Phytologia (November 2013) 95(4)288 Leaf essential oils of Juniperus in central and southern Iran Tehran 14115-154, Iran. ABSTRACT Leaf essential oils from Juniperus from southern Iran were analyzed oils from southern Iran were mainly in two groups: high cedrol (cf. J. excelsa, J. polycarpos and J

  17. War curbs oil exports by Iran and Iraq

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

    A discussion of the effects of the war between Iran and Iraq on oil exports from the area covers damage (extent unknown) to the Abadan, Iran, and Basra, Iraq, oil refineries, to the Iraqi petrochemical complex under construction at Basra, to oil export terminals at Kharg Island and Mina-al-Bakr, and to other oil facilities; war-caused reductions in oil production, refining, shipping, and export, estimated at 2.05-3.35 million bbl/day; the possible effects of the war on OPEC's decisions concerning oil production and pricing; the significance of the Strait of Hormuz for the export of oil by several countries in addition to the belligerents; the U.S. and non-Communist oil stocks which might enable the world to avoid an oil shortage if the war is ended in the near future; and the long-term effects of the war on Iran's and Iraq's oil industries.

  18. China, India demand cushions prices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boyle, M.

    2006-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Despite the hopes of coal consumers, coal prices did not plummet in 2006 as demand stayed firm. China and India's growing economies, coupled with solid supply-demand fundamentals in North America and Europe, and highly volatile prices for alternatives are likely to keep physical coal prices from wide swings in the coming year.

  19. Secure or seclude : U.S. nuclear policy and nuclear states, a comparison of India and Pakistan.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chaney, Brent Buie

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??The U.S. has implemented a two-track nuclear policy since the Cold War. The first track is non-proliferation and the second track involves securing all nuclear… (more)

  20. Iran and Iraq - the proliferation challenge. Strategic research report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jordan, F.R.

    1996-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Worldwide proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and ballistic missiles has been on the rise since the end of the Cold War. This escalation has brought a new set of challenges to post-Cold War strategists and policymakers. This study focus on the impact of nuclear proliferation in the Middle East. It assesses the possibility of Iran`s and Iraq`s ability to develop a nuclear capability within the next twenty to thirty years. United States` strategy and policy to counter this potential is also considered.

  1. Iran seeking help in regaining prerevolution oil and gas flow

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tippee, B.

    1996-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reviews the goals of the Iranian oil and gas industry to rebuild their oil and gas production facilities by using foreign investment. It discusses the historical consequences of war in the region to diminish the production and postpone the recovery of natural gas which is currently flared. It describes the major projects Iran hopes to develop through international partnerships and includes field development, pipeline construction, gas reinjection, gas treatment facilities, and new offshore operation. The paper also reviews the US policy on Iran and its attempt to apply sanctions towards this country.

  2. The kinematics of the Zagros Mountains (Iran) D. HATZFELD1*, C. AUTHEMAYOU24, P. VAN DER BEEK5, O. BELLIER2,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hatzfeld, Denis

    The kinematics of the Zagros Mountains (Iran) D. HATZFELD1*, C. AUTHEMAYOU2­4, P. VAN DER BEEK5, O Survey of Iran, PO Box 13185-1494, Tehran, Iran 8 International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology, PO Box 19395/3913, Tehran, Iran 9 National Cartographic Center, PO Box 13185/1684, Tehran, Iran

  3. Pakistan: Asia-Pacific energy series, country report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gazdar, M.N.

    1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As part of our continuing assessment of Asia-Pacific energy markets, the Energy Program has embarked on a series of country studies that discuss in detail the structure of the energy sector in each major country in the region. The country studies also provide the reader with an overview of the economic and political situation in the various countries. We have particularly highlighted petroleum and gas issues in the country studies and have attempted to show the foreign trade implications of oil and gas trade. Finally, to the greatest extent possible, we have provided the latest available statistics -- often from unpublished and disparate sources that are unavailable to most readers. Staff members have traveled extensively in -- and at times have lived in -- the countries under review and have held discussions with senior policymakers in government and industry. Thus, these reports provide not only information but also the latest thinking on energy issues in the various countries. This report summarizes the energy and economic situation in Pakistan.

  4. The Ministry of Health's Effort to Regulate Tobacco Use in Movies in India, 2005-6

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Polansky, Jonathan; Glantz, Stanton A. Ph.D.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for an effective policy in India’s constitutional and policywin any policy point outlined in WHO’s 2003 India report. Ause by India’s young people or create a policy in name only

  5. Electronic Waste Management in India: A Stakeholder’s Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borthakur, Anwesha; Sinha, Kunal

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    E-waste Management Policy in India: Stakeholder’s Perceptionand Policy Implications of Electronic Waste in India. M.PhilTake-Back” policies are also in practice in India, although

  6. Federalism and Economic Development in India: An Assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singh, Nirvikar; SRINIVASAN, T N

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Issues in Tax Policy and Reform in India, paper presented atA Sustainable Fiscal Policy for India: An InternationalA Sustainable Fiscal Policy for India: An International

  7. Understanding Regional Economic Growth in IndiaUnderstanding Regional Economic Growth in India Understanding Regional Economic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Understanding Regional Economic Growth in IndiaUnderstanding Regional Economic Growth in India Understanding Regional Economic Growth in India* Jeffrey D. Sachs Director The Earth Institute at Columbia_ramiah@yahoo.co.uk Asian Economic Papers 1:3 © 2002 The Earth Institute at Columbia University and the Massachusetts

  8. Land and Revolution in Iran, 1960-1980. By Eric J. Hooglund. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1982. Pp. xvii+191. Notes, bibliography, and index. $19.95

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moshiri, Farrokh

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    S 1960-1980. By Eric in Iran, J. Hooglund. Austin: 1982. Pp.Hooglund's Land and Revolution Iran, in valuable addition toobjective economic, and Iran (1960), and a few articles in

  9. Groundwater depletion in the Middle East from GRACE with implications for transboundary water management in the Tigris-Euphrates-Western Iran region

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Voss, Katalyn A; Famiglietti, James S; Lo, MinHui; de Linage, Caroline; Rodell, Matthew; Swenson, Sean C

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in Marand Plain, Northwest Iran, Iranian Int. J. Sci. , 6(2008), Land subsidence in Iran caused by wide- spread waterTigris-Euphrates-Western Iran region, Water Resour. Res. ,

  10. Corporate Clean Energy Investment Trends in Brazil, China, India...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Brazil, China, India and South Africa Jump to: navigation, search Name Corporate Clean Energy Investment Trends in Brazil, China, India and South Africa AgencyCompany...

  11. Secretary Bodman in India Highlights Clean Energy Investment...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    - India Energy Working Group including India's new membership in the International Thermonuclear Experiment Reactor (ITER), their participation in the FutureGen Initiative, and...

  12. Mission en Iran du 23 Aot au 6 septembre 2003 Michel Waldschmidt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waldschmidt, Michel

    Mission en Iran du 23 Août au 6 septembre 2003 Michel Waldschmidt Introduction. En août 2002 je (ICM 2002). Lors de cette Assemblée Générale à Shanghai j'ai rencontré les représentants de l'Iran, Le'Institute for Advanced Study in Basic Science (IASBS) de Zanjan, et qui m'a recommandé de profiter de mon voyage en Iran

  13. L'IRAN ET LE "CROISSANT CHIITE": MYTHES, RALITS ET PROSPECTIVE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    141 L'IRAN ET LE "CROISSANT CHIITE": MYTHES, R�ALIT�S ET PROSPECTIVE Le recteur Gérard faire évoluer les rapports de force, plus particulièrement au Moyen-Orient, en faveur de l'Iran et, donc chiite ». Ce dernier, allant de l'Iran au Liban, comprendrait d'abord l'Irak post-Saddam, dont les

  14. COMPOSITION CHIMIQUE DE CERTAINS MIELS DE L'IRAN I. LMENTS MINRAUX

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    COMPOSITION CHIMIQUE DE CERTAINS MIELS DE L'IRAN I. �L�MENTS MIN�RAUX Chemische Zusammensetzung einiger Honige aus dem Iran L Mineralische Elemente Hassan EBRAHIMZADEH Farideh HAGHCHENASSE Département de Biologie, Faculté des Sciences, Université de Téhéran, Téhéran, IRAN R�SUM� Les éléments majeurs

  15. PVWatts (R) Calculator India (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The PVWatts (R) Calculator for India was released by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory in 2013. The online tool estimates electricity production and the monetary value of that production of grid-connected roof- or ground-mounted crystalline silicon photovoltaics systems based on a few simple inputs. This factsheet provides a broad overview of the PVWatts (R) Calculator for India.

  16. Powering the people: India's capacity expansion plans

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Patel, S.

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    India has become a global business power even though hundreds of millions of its citizens still live in poverty. To sustain economic growth and lift its people out of poverty, India needs more and more reliable power. Details of government plans for achieving those goals demonstrate that pragmatism may be in shorter supply than ambition and political will. 1 ref., 12 figs., 1 tab.

  17. Understanding Regional Economic Growth in India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Understanding Regional Economic Growth in India Jeffrey D. Sachs, Nirupam Bajpai and Ananthi Ramiah Papers #12;Understanding Regional Economic Growth in India Jeffrey D. Sachs Center for International Development (CID) Harvard University Ananthi_Ramiah@harvard.edu This paper was prepared for the Asian Economic

  18. ENGINEERING EDUCATION IN INDIA Draft Final report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banerjee, Rangan

    ENGINEERING EDUCATION IN INDIA Draft Final report Rangan Banerjee Vinayak P. Muley Sponsored by Observer Research Foundation Energy Systems Engineering, IIT Bombay Powai, Mumbai ­ 400076 September 14, 2007 #12;i Preface In India engineering is one of the preferred choices for good students at the 10

  19. War by Proxy? De betrokkenheid van Iran bij de terreurbeweginen Hezbollah, Hamas en Palestijnse Islamitische Jihad.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Soest, A. van

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??Op welke wijze is Iran vanaf 1979 tot heden betrokken geweest bij de terreurbewegingen Hezbollah, Palestijnse Islamitische Jihad en Hamas en is het terecht om… (more)

  20. The security and foreign policy of the Islamic republic of Iran: An offensive realism perspective.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prifti, Bledar

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??This study argues that security and foreign policy of the Islamic Republic of Iran is mainly driven by the main principles of the Offensive Realism… (more)

  1. Exploring the Health Houses Network| Iran and Mississippi A Cross-sectional Qualitative study.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Sanaz

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ?? This study explores an Iranian healthcare delivery model, its implementation and outcomes in rural Iran as well as the planned deployment of this model… (more)

  2. Framing Iran: The Islamic Revolution and the Green Movement as Told Through Time Magazine.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maiwandi, Nadia

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ?? FRAMING IRAN: THE ISLAMIC REVOLUTION AND THE GREEN MOVEMENT AS TOLD THROUGH TIME MAGAZINE by Nadia Maiwandi This framing analysis was conducted to study… (more)

  3. A Content Analysis of Elite U.S. Newspapers' Coverage of Iran, 1979 and 2005.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kamal, Melissa

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??This study is a quantitative content analysis of the New York Times and Washington Post coverage of Iran during the period surrounding the Ayatollah Khomeini's… (more)

  4. Outside influences and ruling Iran : the emergence of the rift with the West.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Campbell, Alana

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??Since the establishment of a united, Shi’a Persian empire in 1501 through to the overthrow of the last Shah in the Islamic Revolution, Iran and… (more)

  5. An Analysis of Residential Energy Intensity in Iran, A System Dynamics Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohamed M. Jamshidi

    Abstract: substantial development of counties needs to use the resources in an efficient way. One indicator that shows the degree of efficient use of energy resources is energy intensity. Statistics show that Iran’s energy intensity was in a bad situation during past years and if this manner of using energy resources continues, it will get worse.In this study a system dynamics approach is used to model changes of energy intensity in residential sector in Iran. By implementation and simulation of this model we found some reasons of this problem in Iran. Then we tried to introduce some policies to make steady improvement in energy intensity in the future. Keywords:

  6. Higher prices or gasoline lines loom if Iran-Iraq war lasts into spring

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Madison, C.

    1981-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Policies for dealing with the gasoline shortage caused by the Iran-Iraq war are predicted. Options for allocations of existing supplies are discussed. (PSB)

  7. E-Print Network 3.0 - area central iran Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    , published by Praeger in 1991.,and RUSSIA,IRAN AND THE NUCLEAR QUESTION: THE PUTIN RECORD(US ... Source: Hanke-Bourgeois, Martin - Institut fr Mathematik, Johannes...

  8. 11196. Proposed by Mohammad Hossein Mehrabi, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran. Let A and B be real n n matrices. Show that if AB -BA is invertible and A2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heckman, Christopher Carl

    11196. Proposed by Mohammad Hossein Mehrabi, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran. Let A and B be real n Ă? n matrices. Show that if AB - BA is invertible and A2 + B2 = 3(AB - BA

  9. India Energy Outlook: End Use Demand in India to 2020

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    de la Rue du Can, Stephane; McNeil, Michael; Sathaye, Jayant

    2009-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Integrated economic models have been used to project both baseline and mitigation greenhouse gas emissions scenarios at the country and the global level. Results of these scenarios are typically presented at the sectoral level such as industry, transport, and buildings without further disaggregation. Recently, a keen interest has emerged on constructing bottom up scenarios where technical energy saving potentials can be displayed in detail (IEA, 2006b; IPCC, 2007; McKinsey, 2007). Analysts interested in particular technologies and policies, require detailed information to understand specific mitigation options in relation to business-as-usual trends. However, the limit of information available for developing countries often poses a problem. In this report, we have focus on analyzing energy use in India in greater detail. Results shown for the residential and transport sectors are taken from a previous report (de la Rue du Can, 2008). A complete picture of energy use with disaggregated levels is drawn to understand how energy is used in India and to offer the possibility to put in perspective the different sources of end use energy consumption. For each sector, drivers of energy and technology are indentified. Trends are then analyzed and used to project future growth. Results of this report provide valuable inputs to the elaboration of realistic energy efficiency scenarios.

  10. Middle East: Iran isn't missed much

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A concerted effort to further develop productive capacity is evident in most Middle Eastern Countries, through exploration, field development, and secondary recovery. Saudi Arabia, Iraq, and Abu Dhabi all plan expanded petroleum industry programs in 1980. Oil production in Saudi Arabia through the first one-half of 1980 averaged 9.5 million bpd, and the Saudis are proceeding with the large-scale associated gas utilization and industrialization program. Iraq's near-term interest is in development of the Majnoon Discovery. Abu Dhabi is continuing efforts to complete development of a giant offshore field and finalize an onshore/offshore associated gas utilization facility. Only Iran and Kuwait are expected to be relatively inactive in petroleum programs during the remainder of 1980. Individual country reports are presented for Saudi Arabia, Iraq, Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Iran, Kuwait, the Divided Neutral Zone, Qatar, Oman, Bahrain, Syria, Turkey, Israel, Jordan, South Yemen, and Yemen Arab Republic.

  11. Energy policy in Iran: domestic choices and international implications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mossavar-Rahjmani, B.

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This book assesses energy-demand patterns, evaluates major energy supply sources, and recommends policy guidelines intended to comprise an integrated national energy plan for Iran. The book also provides some insights for other developing countries facing similar energy options and serves as a reminder that Iran, in addition to the strategic importance of its geography, remains a potential force in international energy markets. The general policy guidelines the author proposes are: (1) to expand domestic natural gas consumption; (2) promote the use of liquefied-petroleum gas where natural gas is unavailable; (3) cancel the nuclear power program; (4) develop hydropower resources; (5) prepare an inventory of oil and gas resources; (6) hold natural gas until world prices justify exporting surpluses; (7) encourage conservation; (8) expand electric power systems; (9) coordinate national planning; (10) monitor advanced energy-technology development; (11) expand manpower training; and (12) limit petrochemical programs until they are fully assessed. 41 tables.

  12. Changing aspects of economic and family structures in Kal?rdasht, a district in Northern Iran, up to 1978

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mir-Hosseini, Ziba

    1980-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis is offered as a contribution to the ethnography of Iran. As such it is concerned with the description of some aspects of the economic and familial life in Kalardasht, a mountainous district in the Caspian provinces of Iran...

  13. Judgment and Decision Making, Vol. 4, No. 7, December 2009, pp. 930933 Emerging sacred values: Iran's nuclear program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    : Iran's nuclear program Morteza Dehghani1 , Rumen Iliev1 , Sonya Sachdeva1 , Scott Atran2 , Jeremy values, negotiation, Iran, nuclear ambitions, sanctions 1 Introduction At least since the end

  14. International Journal of Forest, Soil and Erosion (IJFSE) Vol. 3 No.1 February 2013 Shabestar, I. R. Iran | 45

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mencuccini, Maurizio

    . Iran | 45 Int. J. Forest, Soil and Erosion, 2013 3(1): 45-53 ISSN 2251-6387 © February 2013, GHB's Journals, IJFSE, Shabestar, Iran Research Paper Short-term effects of site preparation practices

  15. JPRS report proliferation issues

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1991-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

    This report contains foreign media information on issues related to worldwide proliferation and transfer activities in nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons, including delivery systems and the transfer of weapons relevant technologies. The following locations are included: (1) South Africa; (2) China; (3) North and South Korea, Japan; (4) Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia; (5) Argentina, Brazil; (6) India, Iran, Israel, Pakistan, Libya, Iraq, Egypt; (7) Soviet Union; and (8) Belgium, Germany, United Kingdom, Netherlands, France.

  16. Electric power restructuring in iran: achievements and challenges

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Khosroshahi, Kaveh Aflaki; Jadid, Shahram; Shahidehpour, Mohammad

    2009-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Although the power market in Iran is not fully constructed, several key steps have been taken to meet privatization and restructuring objectives. The addition of a power exchange sector has placed the power market on par with that in other countries. Operational concerns that still need to be addressed include technical and non-technical losses, enhancing new investment, and providing incentives for introducing energy efficiency and promoting green power generation. (author)

  17. Oil products distribution in Iran: a planning approach

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abrishami, H.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The significance of this study is that it examines the functions of the most important element in the public sector of the economy of Iran - the Ministry of Oil. Oil is the main source of Iran's foreign earnings and the commodity most crucial to the country's economy as its prime export. Furthermore, it plays a vital role in meeting domestic energy demands. The distribution of oil products affects, on the one hand, households, small businesses, and larger industries while, on the other, it affects the allocation, in general of other national resources. Accordingly, the effects of the Ministry of Oil's policies with regard to its production-distribution system cannot be overemphasized. The research entailed has elicited certain factors: The Ministry of Oil's present system suffers from a number of weaknesses in its production-distribution design. These deficiencies involved, among others, terminal location, number of terminals, assignment of terminals to customers, substitution of other major sources of energy for major oil products, the middle distillates problem, and an outmoded distribution method and techniques. This dissertation addresses alternatives that will eliminate faults in the present system. The approach and conclusions of this research have the potential of application to any type of industry in Iran - oil or otherwise, whether in the private or public sector - that has a similar intricate distribution-system design subject to similar variables.

  18. Uppermost mantle P wave velocities beneath Turkey and Iran

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, C.; Chen, W.; Molnar, P.

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The uppermost mantle P wave velocities beneath Turkey and Iran were estimated by applying the conventional travel time-distance relation method to arrival times of well located earthquakes recorded at a few stations. The average uppermost mantle P wave velocity under Turkey is estimated from two stations of the World Wide Standardized Seismograph Network (WWSSN), Istanbul and Tabriz. The data are consistent with a crust of uniform, but poorly determined, thickness and an uppermost mantle P wave velocity of 7.73 +- 0.08 km/s. This velocity is very similar to that for the Aegean Sea and suggests that its structure could be closely related to that beneath Turkey. For Iran, the results calculated from travel times to three WWSSN stations, Meshed, Shiraz, and Tabriz, can be explained by a crust dipping toward the south-southeast at about 1/sup 0/ with an uppermost mantle P wave velocity of 8.0 +- 0.1 km/s. If the crustal thickness were 34 km in the north it would reach about 49 km in the south. Based on these uppermost mantle velocities, the temperature at Moho beneath Turkey is probably close to the melting temperature of peridotite but that beneath Iran is probably lower.

  19. Iranian Journal of Science & Technology, Transaction A, Vol. 32, No. A3 Printed in the Islamic Republic of Iran, 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, K.N.

    Republic of Iran, 2008 © Shiraz University DOSE RESPONSE OF IRRADIATED XRCT RADIOCHROMIC FILM* M. J. BUTSON

  20. Liberalizing Capital Flows in India: Financial Repression, Macroeconomic Policy and Gradual Reforms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kletzer, Kenneth

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2004], “Fiscal Policy in India: Lessons and Priorities,”analyses of fiscal policy in India include, Pinto andtaxes and regulatory policies in India and across the states

  1. Where the Runners Went: British Motivations Behind Postal Policy and Allocation in Colonial India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bharat, Sheetal

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Britain’s economic policy in India, Morris clarifies that “Behind Postal Policy and Allocation in Colonial India APostal Policy and Allocation in Colonial India by Sheetal

  2. Analysis of International Policies In The Solar Electricity Sector: Lessons for India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deshmukh, Ranjit

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and India – in terms of their outlook, objectives, policysuch as India that have started providing pull policies forthe policies of these seven countries (including India) in

  3. Environmental Challenges of Climate-Nuclear Fusion: A Case Study of India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Badrinarayan, Deepa

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    particularly because of India's foreign policy on nuclearis argued that India's nuclear policy represents an upcomingthe government of India will adopt policies that will lead

  4. The Impact Of Trade Liberalization And Information Technology On India's Manufacturing Sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sharma, Shruti

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    on together for the India Policy Forum in June 2012. I havematter ? Evidence from India,” Policy Research Working Paperabout economic policy for both India and otherwise. He has

  5. India’s R&D for Energy Efficient Buildings: Insights for U.S. Cooperation with India

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yu, Sha; Evans, Meredydd

    2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report outlines India’s current activities and future plans in building energy efficiency R&D and deployment, and maps them with R&D activities under the Department of Energy’s Building Technologies Program. The assessment, conducted by the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in FY10, reviews major R&D programs in India including programs under the 11th Five-Year Plan, programs under the NEF, R&D and other programs under state agencies and ongoing projects in major research institutions .

  6. U.S. Strategic Options towards Iran: Understanding the U.S.–Iranian Relations through Iranian Domestic Politics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abernathy, Jacob; Blanco, David; Kingsley, Marlee; Kramer, Michael; Lopacka, Karolina; Mauel, Heather; Peacock, Mike; Stotts, Katherine; Varela, Marques; Young, Krysten

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The ongoing nuclear negotiations between the P5+1 and Iran have made greater progress on more substantial issues than any previous talks. This report argues that Iran’s unprecedented willingness to negotiate is strongly influenced by two factors: a...

  7. New Species of Aphanius (Teleostei, Cyprinodontidae) from Isfahan Province of Iran and a Reanalysis of Other Iranian Species

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hrbek, Tomas - Department of Biology, Universidad de Puerto Rico

    New Species of Aphanius (Teleostei, Cyprinodontidae) from Isfahan Province of Iran and a Reanalysis isfahanensis, is described from the Isfahan basin of Iran. It is distinguished from the other Iranian species in Iran. THE extant and extinct species of the killifish genus Aphanius Nardo, 1827 (Cyprinodon- tiformes

  8. Judgment and Decision Making, Vol. 5, No. 7, December 2010, pp. 540546 Sacred values and conflict over Iran's nuclear program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reber, Paul J.

    over Iran's nuclear program Morteza Dehghani1 , Scott Atran2 , Rumen Iliev3 , Sonya Sachdeva3 , Douglas Research, New York, NY Abstract Conflict over Iran's nuclear program, which involves a US-led policy to impose sanctions on Iran, is perceived by each side as a preeminent challenge to its own national

  9. Submitted to HuffingtonPost.com Obama's Iran Nuclear Deadline: A Grand Bargain is Still Possible if Both Sides

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Donnell, Tom

    Submitted to HuffingtonPost.com Obama's Iran Nuclear Deadline: A Grand Bargain is Still Possible Obama and Secretary of State Clinton have promised "crippling" new sanctions will be imposed on Iran by year's end if Iran does not seriously engage in negotiations on its nuclear activities. Tehran clearly

  10. The vertical separation of mainshock rupture and microseismicity at Qeshm island in the Zagros fold-and-thrust belt, Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elliott, John

    -and-thrust belt, Iran E. Nissen a, , F. Yamini-Fard b , M. Tatar b , A. Gholamzadeh b,1 , E. Bergman c , J Engineering and Seismology, PO Box 19395-3913, Tehran, Iran c Department of Physics, University of Colorado rights reserved. 1. Introduction The Zagros mountains in south-western Iran are one of the most rapidly

  11. U-Pb zircon geochronology of late NeoproterozoicEarly Cambrian granitoids in Iran: Implications for paleogeography, magmatism,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    U-Pb zircon geochronology of late Neoproterozoic­Early Cambrian granitoids in Iran: Implications.O. Box 14155-6455, Tehran, Iran b Department of Geology, University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas 66045 of various dimensions are exposed in all continental tectonic zones of Iran. These rocks have traditionally

  12. Shear-wave splitting, lithospheric anisotropy, and mantle deformation beneath the ArabiaEurasia collision zone in Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hatzfeld, Denis

    ­Eurasia collision zone in Iran Ayoub Kaviani a,b,c , Denis Hatzfeld c, , Anne Paul c , Mohammad Tatar b , Keith Priestley d a Institute for Advanced Studies in Basic Sciences, P.O. Box 45195-1159, Zanjan, Iran b International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology, P.O. Box 19395-3913, Tehran, Iran c

  13. Stable isotope geochemistry of sulfur bearing minerals and clay mineralogy of some soils and sediments in Loot Desert, central Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmad, Sajjad

    and sediments in Loot Desert, central Iran M.H. Farpoor a, , H.R. Krouse b a Soil Sci. Dept., Faculty of Agriculture, Shahid Bahonar Univ. of Kerman, Kerman, Iran b Department of Physics and Astronomy, the Univ technique and clay mineralogy were studied in different landforms in Loot Desert, central Iran. Four

  14. La escritora iran Chahla Chafiq participa en la UA en la presentacin del libro Hacia una democracia rabe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Escolano, Francisco

    , August 2013. Internet Censorship in Iran: A First Look Simurgh Aryan Aryan Censorship Project aryan censorship in Iran based on network measurements conducted from a major Iranian ISP during the lead up Introduction Iran is known as one of the leading suppressors of Internet freedom. Reporters Without Borders

  15. Three-dimensional deformation caused by the Bam, Iran, earthquake and the origin of shallow slip deficit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fialko, Yuri

    Three-dimensional deformation caused by the Bam, Iran, earthquake and the origin of shallow slip (Iran) earth- quake using radar data from the Envisat satellite of the European Space Agency. Analysis. In this paper we report on deformation associated with the Mw6.5 Bam (Iran) earthquake determined using

  16. Farmers' knowledge of IPM: A Case Study in the Zanjan Province in Iran (Karamidehkordi, E. and Hashemi, A.)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Farmers' knowledge of IPM: A Case Study in the Zanjan Province in Iran (Karamidehkordi, E IN IRAN Esmail Karamidehkordi*, Atefeh Hashemi** *Assistant Professor of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development, Zanjan University, Zanjan, Iran Email: e.karamidehkordi@gmail.com **Agricultural Extension

  17. Ghandi & Lin 1 Do Iran's Buy-Back Service Contracts Lead to Optimal Production?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia

    countries' energy policies. Among the OPEC members, Iran, with 137.6 billion barrels of proven oil reserves.2 million barrels per day in 2030 (International Energy Agency [IEA], 2009). Meeting 2030 demand requires gas reserves after Russia.3 Iran's centerpiece of energy policies, enforced by the National Iranian

  18. Thermal maturity of the Upper Triassic-Middle Jurassic Shemshak Group (Alborz Range, Northern Iran)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Iran) based on organic petrography, geochemistry and basin modelling: implications for source rock1 Thermal maturity of the Upper Triassic-Middle Jurassic Shemshak Group (Alborz Range, Northern Iran. Organic matter (OM) has been investigated using Rock-Eval pyrolysis, elemental analysis

  19. To Appear in Middle East Economic Survey (MEES)-Op-Ed http://www.mees.com/cms/ China's Angst over Iran Sanctions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Donnell, Tom

    Iran Sanctions Beijing's go-it-alone oil security could fail during any U.S.-Iran conflict Thomas W O "targeted" sanctions on Iran's nuclear program. This is a significant change. For many years, China has fifty percent of its imported oil now comes from the Persian Gulf, and any U.S.-Iran clash could

  20. Shirin Ebadi, received the 2003 Nobel Peace Prize for promoting human rights, in particular, the rights of women, children, and political prisoners in Iran. She

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akhmedov, Azer

    , the rights of women, children, and political prisoners in Iran. She was the first Muslim woman to receive one of the first female judges in Iran. She served as president of the city court of Tehran from 1975's Initiative, and the PeaceJam Foundation. She is the author of Refugee Rights in Iran (2008) and Iran

  1. Iran J Arthropod-Borne Dis, 2010, 4(2): 5660 A Nasiri et al.: Tick Infestation Rate of ... Short Communication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Iran J Arthropod-Borne Dis, 2010, 4(2): 56­60 A Nasiri et al.: Tick Infestation Rate of ... 56 Province, Iran, 2007-2008 A Nasiri1 , *Z Telmadarraiy1 , H Vatandoost1 , S Chinikar2 , M Moradi2 , MA of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran 2 Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran

  2. S0june 2007State of the Climate in 2006 | of Iran were up to 8C cooler than normal during

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S0june 2007State of the Climate in 2006 | of Iran were up to 8°C cooler than normal during December. Snow and cold weather penetrated north- ern Iran, with heavy rainfall in eastern and southern Iran, precipitation totals were normal to above normal in much of Iran during autumn 2006. (v) Significant weather

  3. Cloning of fimH and fliC and expression of the fusion protein FimH/FliC from Uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) isolated in Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Escherichia coli (UPEC) isolated in Iran Asadi Karam MR, Oloomi M, Habibi M, Bouzari S* Department of Molecular Biology, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran, Iran. Received: March 2012, Accepted: May 2012 is one the most important infectious diseases in Iran that needs further consideration (4

  4. Regimes of Dispossession: Special Economic Zones and the Political Economy of Land in India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levien, Michael James

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Rehabilitation Policy for India. ” Pp. 39- 49 in India1997. Rehabilitation Policy and Law in India: A Right toBank. World Bank. 2007. India: Land Policies for Growth and

  5. Productivity and Firm Size Distribution: Evidence from India's Organized and Unorganized Manufacturing Sectors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nataraj, Shanthi

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Arvind Panagariya, eds. , India Policy Forum 2008/09, Vol.Industrial and Trade Policies in India,” February 2008.s (1996) argument that India’s tariff policy was largely set

  6. Empirical essays on firm behavior in India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ryan, Nicholas (Nicholas James)

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this thesis, I study the behavior of industrial firms in India in the electricity market and with respect to locational choice and environmental regulation. In the first chapter, I study the competitive effects of ...

  7. INDIA

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-SeriesFlickr FlickrGuidedCH2MLLCBasicsScience at ALCF Allocation Programs

  8. INDIA

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFun withconfinementEtching. | EMSL Bubblesstructure link to2,/ WInstruments

  9. INDIA

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFun withconfinementEtching. | EMSL Bubblesstructure link to2,/

  10. INDIA

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFun withconfinementEtching. | EMSL Bubblesstructure link to2,/

  11. INDIA

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFun withconfinementEtching. | EMSL Bubblesstructure link to2,/ARM instruments

  12. Dependent capitalist accumulation in an oil-producing nation: Iran

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zavareei, M.

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Theoretical and empirical analysis of underdevelopment has remained significantly limited with respect to the oil-producing nations of the Middle East. This study points out reasons for such shortcomings and then goes on to advance the analysis of the region. The theoretical framework of the study is based on a critical evaluation of the dependency model from a Marxist perspective. More specifically, the study delves into the analysis of underdevelopment in Iran by focusing on the dynamics of change in the country since the turn of the nineteenth century. The forces of change in Iran are seen to be the consequence of such external pressure on the one hand and internal resistance to it on the other. This resistance is analyzed in terms of the country's social class structure and its changing formation. The focus of the study, however, is on the fundamental class nature of change in Iran since the development of dependent capitalism began in the early 1960s. The study recognizes the interests of the United States as the single outside force most directly related to the formation of the Shah's regime as a repressive client state: the most-significant impetus for change in the country since 1963. Analyzed in detail are the economic changes of this period and the rising social and political contradictions which were the inevitable consequence of this process. The central feature of these contradictions is recognized as the promotion of capitalist relations of production motivated by the preservation of the political control of the Shah's regime. It is precisely in this context that the uprising of 1979, its success in overthrowing the Shah's regime, and its failure in maintaining a domocratic revolutionary process is discussed.

  13. Nuclear fuel cycle assessment of India: a technical study for U.S.-India cooperation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Woddi, Taraknath Venkat Krishna

    2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

    ........................................................16 II.G. Current State of Indian Nuclear Program.........................................................17 III INDIAN NUCLEAR FACILITIES .................................................................18 IV FUEL CYCLE... pattern for TBR-1 .........................................100 Fig. 16. India’s proposed nuclear power production strategy........................................103 Fig. 17. Comparison for uranium utilization in electricity generation...

  14. A conceptual national plan for outdoor recreation in Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saaidi-Ashtiani, Hossein

    1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , the construction of Amir Kab1r (Karaj), Shahbanou Farah (Sef1d Rud) Mohammad Reza Shah (Dez) and Faranhnaz (Latian) dams have resulted in the creation of four large artificial lakes. Th1s in turn has led to the activities of water skiing and boating in Iran... is humid and subtrop1cal in character, while the interior deserts have hot dry summers and cold dry winters. TABLE 2 IRANIAN DANS AND CAPACITIES Name of Dam Reservoir ca acit million cu. m. A) 8) Dams already built Mohammad Reza Shah Empress Farah...

  15. Carbon Offsetting: An Efficient Way to Reduce Emissions or to Avoid Reducing Emissions? An Investigation and Analysis of Offsetting Design and Practice in India and China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haya, Barbara

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2008), of which wind and small hydro dominate (Ministry oflarge & small) Wind in India Biomass in India Hydro in India

  16. Three empirical essays on trade and development in India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Topalova, Petia

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis is a collection of three empirical essays on economic development and trade in India. Chapter 1 uses the sharp trade liberalization in India in the early 1990s, spurred to a large extent by external factors, ...

  17. Environmental Regulations, Air and Water Pollution, & Infant Mortality in India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenstone, Michael

    2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Using the most comprehensive data file ever compiled on air pollution, water pollution, environmental regulations, and infant mortality from a developing country, the paper examines the effectiveness of India’s environmental ...

  18. Design and implementation of multi-asset funds in India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singh, Yuvraj

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    India, over the past decade, has steadily emerged as a center of attractive investment opportunities, owing to high GDP growth rates and rising levels of per capita income. Asset management in India is going through a ...

  19. ans cette puissance rgio-qu'est l'Iran, les don-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    EDITORIAL ans cette puissance régio- nale1 qu'est l'Iran, les don- nées démographiques met- tent en diversité ethnique et religieuse d'un pays qui passe souvent pour homogène. En effet, les périphéries de l'Iran majorité perse. � l'extrême sud-est, le peuplement de l'Iran comprend des baloutches (Province du Sistan

  20. Iran sets sights on 5 million b/d of crude

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reports that Iran, currently producing 3.2 million b/d of oil, has set a production target of 5 million b/d by March 1994. On the way to that target Iran's oil flow will climb to 4 million b/d by March 1993, says A. Moshtaqhian, director of exploration and production for National Iranian Oil Co. (NIOC). With oil reserves of about 100 million bbl, Iran will find it easy to increase productive capacity, Moshtaqhian told the Gulf Oil and Politics publication.

  1. Thtres de Perse et d'Iran : aperu gnral ve FEUILLEBOIS-PIERUNEK

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Théâtres de Perse et d'Iran : aperçu général �ve FEUILLEBOIS-PIERUNEK Sorbonne Nouvelle ­ Paris 3, UMR 7528 « Mondes iranien et indien » L'Iran possède à la fois un théâtre rituel encore très vivace siècle, ne doit rien à l'Occident. La question de l'existence d'un théâtre indigène en Iran s

  2. Information Technology Australia China India Italy Malaysia South Africa CRICOS provider: Monash University 00008CAustralia China India Italy Malaysia South Africa CRICOS provider: Monash University 00008CAustralia China India Italy Malaysia South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Albrecht, David

    Information Technology Australia China India Italy Malaysia South Africa CRICOS provider: Monash University 00008CAustralia China India Italy Malaysia South Africa CRICOS provider: Monash University 00008CAustralia China India Italy Malaysia South Africa CRICOS provider: Monash University

  3. Fertility Limits on Local Politicians in India Abhishek Chakravarty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bandyopadhyay, Antar

    .g., sterilization incentives in India). This paper examines a novel policy experiment that imposes fertility limitsFertility Limits on Local Politicians in India S Anukriti Abhishek Chakravarty September 19, 2014: political leaders. Keywords: India, Local Elections, Fertility Limits, Sex Ratios, Population Control We

  4. Committed to national interest The Times of India Bangalore Edition ,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chaudhuri, Sanjay

    can do things that no one else can even dream of," says Pai. The public policy discourse in India."In India, from independence till the very recent postliberalization era, policy was only about ideologyTimes City Committed to national interest The Times of India Bangalore Edition , Shrabonti Bagchi

  5. Transitions in domestic architecture and home culture in twentieth century Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karimi, Z. Pamela (Zahra Pamela)

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation explores the transformation of the Iranian home in twentieth century Iran. While surveying the socio political underpinnings and aesthetic ends of domesticity in Iranian culture from the early twentieth ...

  6. U.S. Public Diplomacy toward Iran: Structures, Actors, and Policy Communities.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Izadi, Foad

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??This dissertation is an in depth study of the structures, actors, and policy communities associated with U.S. public diplomacy toward Iran. Since 2006, the U.S.… (more)

  7. Correspondences: A personal photographic journey between past/Iran and present/Australia.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Javan, Katayoun

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??This project is an autobiographical photography series entitled: Correspondences; A personal photographic journey between past/Iran and present/Australia. This series of photographs are partly influenced by… (more)

  8. The ties that bind : Iran and Hamas' principal-agent relationship.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomson, Amy

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??The evolution of the Iran-Hamas relationship can be mapped using Principal-Agent analysis. It is a cost-benefit approach based on rational choice theory. In contrast to… (more)

  9. System transferability of public hospital facility management between Germany and Iran.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banedj-Schafii, Mandana

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??The subject of this PhD-thesis is the transferability of Facility Management (FM) by using the example of hospitals in Germany and Iran. The intention is… (more)

  10. Information Technology Australia China India Italy Malaysia South Africa CRICOS provider: Monash University 00008CAustralia China India Italy Malaysia South Africa CRICOS provider: Monash University 00008C

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Albrecht, David

    Technology Australia China India Italy Malaysia South Africa CRICOS provider: Monash University 00008CAustralia China India Italy Malaysia South Africa CRICOS provider: Monash University 00008C General; Australia China India Italy Malaysia South Africa CRICOS provider: Monash University 00008CAustralia

  11. Combating the Privatization of Life in a Neo-Liberal Regime: The Fight for Water Democracies in India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raders, Gavin

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of India’s Traditional Water Harvesting Systems. New Delhi:C. 1996 Traditional Water Harvesting Systems: An EcologicalSouth India. In Traditional Water Harvesting Systems. Barah,

  12. Evaluation of Horizontal Seismic Hazard of Shahrekord, Iran

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Amiri, G. Ghodrati [Iran University of Science and Technology--Islamic Azad University of Shahrekord, Narmak, Tehran 16846 (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Dehkordi, M. Raeisi [Department of Civil Engineering, Islamic Azad University of Shahrekord (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Amrei, S. A. Razavian [College of Civil Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Kamali, M. Koohi [Department of Civil Engineering, Islamic Azad University of Shahrekord (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2008-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents probabilistic horizontal seismic hazard assessment of Shahrekord, Iran. It displays the probabilistic estimate of Peak Ground Horizontal Acceleration (PGHA) for the return period of 75, 225, 475 and 2475 years. The output of the probabilistic seismic hazard analysis is based on peak ground acceleration (PGA), which is the most common criterion in designing of buildings. A catalogue of seismic events that includes both historical and instrumental events was developed and covers the period from 840 to 2007. The seismic sources that affect the hazard in Shahrekord were identified within the radius of 150 km and the recurrence relationships of these sources were generated. Finally four maps have been prepared to indicate the earthquake hazard of Shahrekord in the form of iso-acceleration contour lines for different hazard levels by using SEISRISK III software.

  13. India in the Era of Economic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in the years ahead. As China's experience demonstrates, trade liberalization in a low-wage, surplus and water and providing access to good quality healthcare and schooling in India's 600,000 villages with regions with high urbanization rates will probably continue to grow faster than the northern and central

  14. Oxygen and organic matter thresholds for benthic faunal activity on the Pakistan margin oxygen minimum zone (7001100 m)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levin, Lisa

    Oxygen and organic matter thresholds for benthic faunal activity on the Pakistan margin oxygen increased animal activity associated with increasing bottom-water oxygen concentration. We examined faunal community responses to oxygen and organic matter gradients across the lower oxygen minimum zone (OMZ

  15. Regional Impact of an Elevated Heat Source: The Zagros Plateau of Iran BENJAMIN F. ZAITCHIK, JASON P. EVANS, AND RONALD B. SMITH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evans, Jason

    Regional Impact of an Elevated Heat Source: The Zagros Plateau of Iran BENJAMIN F. ZAITCHIK, JASON in the north, the Taurus Moun- tains of Turkey, and the Zagros Plateau in Iran. Inter- secting atmospheric

  16. Extended Abstracts of the 38th Iranian International Conference on Mathematics 3-6 September 2007, University of Zanjan, Zanjan, Iran, pp 377-379

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weske, Mathias

    , University of Zanjan, Zanjan, Iran, pp 377-379 ACCEPTING MORE GENERAL FORMS OF QBFS MOHAMMAD GHASEMZADEH1

  17. Iran cannot have claimed to be building a thermonuclear reactor -To build a thermonuclear reactor by its own efforts is a task absolutely beyond Iran's

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iran cannot have claimed to be building a thermonuclear reactor - expert To build a thermonuclear misunderstood." Work to create a thermonuclear reactor has been pursued in all leading countries for several experimental thermonuclear reactor ITER in France. The project involves the European Union, America, Russia

  18. The Shia/Sunni Cold War: A US Strategy and Saudi Illusion Back in February, Iran's president, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, claimed that the United

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heinke, Dietmar

    The Shia/Sunni Cold War: A US Strategy and Saudi Illusion Back in February, Iran's president portion of the higher ground. Of all the regional powers, Iran has contributed least, rhetorically sectarianism. By whipping up fear of Iran on the back of an energised Shia revival, the Saudis justify

  19. The 3-stage evolution of the Angouran Zn "oxide"-sulfide deposit, Iran Fakultt Chemie, Technische Universitt Mnchen, Germany albert.gilg@geo.tum.de

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boni, Maria

    The 3-stage evolution of the Angouran Zn "oxide"-sulfide deposit, Iran H.A. Gilg Fakultät Chemie@unina.it F. Moore Geological Department, University Shiraz, Iran moor@geology.susc.ac.ir Keywords: Angouran, Iran, sulfide, MVT, smithsonite, hypogene, supergene ABSTRACT: The giant Angouran Zn-Pb deposit (Zanjan

  20. A program for reducing teacher's resistance to changes in curriculum in centralized education systems. An experience on changes of mathematics text books in Iran based on distinction results.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spagnolo, Filippo

    systems. An experience on changes of mathematics text books in Iran based on distinction results. Zohreh systems are prepared from an upper-stream reference and hand over teachers' disposal . Curricula in Iran as Polya had said. And so curricula developers in Iran tried to integrate Polya's method in math books

  1. ArchiveofSID Journal of Sciences, Islamic Republic of Iran 18(2): 139-149 (2007) http://jsciences.ut.ac.ir

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keller, Gerta

    ArchiveofSID Journal of Sciences, Islamic Republic of Iran 18(2): 139-149 (2007) http the Cretaceous-Tertiary Boundary in Southwestern Iran B. Darvishzad,1,* E. Ghasemi-Nejad,2 S. Ghourchaei,2 and G of Iran 2 Department of Geology, Faculty of Science, University of Tehran, Tehran, Islamic Republic

  2. Exhumation History of the Alam Kuh Area, Central Alborz Mountains, Northern Iran: Implications for Caspian subsidence and Collision-Related Tectonics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Los Angeles, University of

    Exhumation History of the Alam Kuh Area, Central Alborz Mountains, Northern Iran: Implications, University of Tehran, Iran Abstract. Crystallization and thermal histories of two plutons in the northwestern Alborz (also Elburz, Elburs) Mountains, northern Iran were obtained by U/Pb, 40 Ar/39 Ar, and (U

  3. 43. Zur aktuellen Situation von Apis mel-lifera meda im Iran. K Bienefeld 1, GH Tah-K Bienefeld1 , GH Tah-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    43. Zur aktuellen Situation von Apis mel- lifera meda im Iran. K Bienefeld 1, GH Tah-K Bienefeld1, Iran; 3 Institut fĂĽr Bienenkunde, Karl-von- Frisch-Weg 2, D-61440 Oberursel, Deutsch- land) Bis zu den in Iran Up to the political changes in 1979, many queens (Midnight and Starline hybrids) were imported

  4. Distribution of the right-lateral strikeslip motion from the Main Recent Fault to the Kazerun Fault System (Zagros, Iran): Evidence from present-day GPS velocities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hatzfeld, Denis

    Fault System (Zagros, Iran): Evidence from present-day GPS velocities F. Tavakoli a,b , A. Walpersdorf a Center, Meraj Ave. Azadi Sq., P.O.Box 13185-1684, Tehran, Iran c CEREGE, CNRS, Université Aix-Marseille-3 Institute for Earthquake Engineering and Seismology, P.O. Box 19395/3913, Tehran, Iran e Institut de

  5. Pn Tomographic Velocity and Anisotropy beneath the Iran Region by Yan L, Bin Liu, Shunping Pei, Youshun Sun, M. Nafi Toksz, and Xiangfang Zeng

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sun, Youshun

    Short Note Pn Tomographic Velocity and Anisotropy beneath the Iran Region by Yan LĂĽ, Bin Liu and anisotropy models of the upper- most mantle beneath the Iran region. A total of 74,375 Pn phase readings from). The tomography results show some interesting anomalies. The average Pn velocity under the Iran region

  6. Hydrogeological Environmental Assessment of Sanitary Landfill Project at Jammu City, India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagar, Bharat Bhushan; Mirza, Umar Karim

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Sanitary Landfill Project at Jammu City, India Bharata proposed landfill facility for the city of Jammu in India.landfill projects have been conceived, designed, and completed in India.

  7. HIV prevalence and awareness among wives of rural migrant workers of Muzaffarpur district in Bihar, India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ranjan, Alok

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Health Survey (NFHS-3), 2005-06: India. Mumbai: IIPS, 2007.Health Survey (NFHS-3), 2005-06: India. Mumbai: IIPS, 2007.Health Survey (NFHS-3), 2005-06: India. Mumbai: IIPS, 2007.

  8. Eliminating Electricity Deficit through Energy Efficiency in India: An Evaluation of Aggregate Economic and Carbon Benefits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sathaye, Jayant

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2006a). 17 th Electric Power Survey of India. CEA (2009).Report on 17th Electric Power Survey of India. Available atof the 17 th Electric Power Survey (EPS) of India is a

  9. Regional Inequality in India in the 1990s: A Further Look

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singh, Nirvikar; Kendall, Jake; Jain, R.K.; Chander, Jai

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent economic policy in India has emphasized the idea ofin India in the 1990s: Trends and Policy Implications, RBIin India, in Anne Krueger, ed. , Economic Policy Reforms and

  10. Fiscal Decentralization in China and India: Competitive, Cooperative or Market Preserving Federalism?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singh, Nirvikar

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and policy decentralization in China and India. First, Chinabetween China and India in the policy discretion afforded toand India, working paper 05-19, Andrew Young School of Policy

  11. The Financial Trilemma in China and a Comparative Analysis with India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aizenman, Joshua; Sengupta, Rajeswari

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    openness policy of both China and India and the Chinn-ItoTrilemma policy objectives for China and India respectively,deregulation policies were introduced in India in the 1990s,

  12. Affirmative Action in Higher Education in India and the US: A Study in Contrasts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gupta, Asha

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in India; and affirmative action policies, court verdicts,ACTION IN INDIA AND THE US policies of affirmative action,reservation policy as affirmative action in India. Of late,

  13. Whither India? Ten Lessons Learned from the HIV Epidemic in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Potts, Malcolm; Walsh, Julia

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    i31-9 Whither India? Lessons learned from the HIV epidemic139. Whither India? Lessons learned from the HIV epidemic in81. Whither India? Lessons learned from the HIV epidemic in

  14. Australia China India Italy Malaysia South Africa CRICOS provider: Monash University 00008C Information Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Albrecht, David

    Australia China India Italy Malaysia South Africa CRICOS provider: Monash University 00008C Information Technology Australia China India Italy Malaysia South Africa CRICOS provider: Monash University 00008CAustralia China India Italy Malaysia South Africa CRICOS provider: Monash University

  15. arXiv:heplat/0610083v1 Hadron and Lepton School and Conference, Tehran, Iran, May 19th 2006 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lunds Universitet,

    arXiv:hep­lat/0610083v1 13 Oct 2006 Hadron and Lepton School and Conference, Tehran, Iran, May 19th, Iran, May 19th 2006 L (a) (b) L # Figure 1: Two potentially relevant graphs to the h#22;qqi

  16. Wind Resource Assessment of Gujarat (India)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Draxl, C.; Purkayastha, A.; Parker, Z.

    2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    India is one of the largest wind energy markets in the world. In 1986 Gujarat was the first Indian state to install a wind power project. In February 2013, the installed wind capacity in Gujarat was 3,093 MW. Due to the uncertainty around existing wind energy assessments in India, this analysis uses the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model to simulate the wind at current hub heights for one year to provide more precise estimates of wind resources in Gujarat. The WRF model allows for accurate simulations of winds near the surface and at heights important for wind energy purposes. While previous resource assessments published wind power density, we focus on average wind speeds, which can be converted to wind power densities by the user with methods of their choice. The wind resource estimates in this study show regions with average annual wind speeds of more than 8 m/s.

  17. Options for Energy Efficiency in India and Barriers to Their...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    to Their Adoption: A Scoping Study Jump to: navigation, search Name Options for Energy Efficiency in India and Barriers to Their Adoption: A Scoping Study AgencyCompany...

  18. India-Vulnerability Assessment and Enhancing Adaptive Capacities...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Adaptive Capacities to Climate Change Jump to: navigation, search Name India-Vulnerability Assessment and Enhancing Adaptive Capacities to Climate Change AgencyCompany...

  19. Conservation Potential of Compact Fluorescent Lamps in India and Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gadgil, A.J.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    also additional benefits from avoided costs of environmentalpremium for India)) - (avoided annual cost of incandescents)electricity) + (avoided annual cost of incandescents) - (

  20. american india sai: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    behavior of industrial firms in India in the electricity market and with respect to locational choice and environmental regulation. In the first chapter, I study the competitive...

  1. Country Report on Building Energy Codes in India

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Evans, Meredydd; Shui, Bin; Somasundaram, Sriram

    2009-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

    This report is part of a series of reports on building energy efficiency codes in countries associated with the Asian Pacific Partnership (APP) - Australia, South Korea, Japan, China, India, and the United States of America. This reports gives an overview of the development of building energy codes in India, including national energy policies related to building energy codes, history of building energy codes in India, recent national projects and activities to promote building energy codes. The report also provides a review of current building energy codes (such as building envelope, HVAC, lighting, and water heating) for commercial buildings in India.

  2. Electronic Waste Management in India: A Stakeholder’s Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borthakur, Anwesha; Sinha, Kunal

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    residues going to TSDF or incineration. Simplified versioninclude recycling, incineration/energy recovery, ironin India are landfilling and incineration (MoEF, 2008). Non-

  3. Decentralizing urbanization : harnessing the potential of small cities in India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suri, Sagarika

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Perceived as symbols of national development or degeneration, megacities continue to dominate discourse and action related to urbanization, particularly in developing countries like India. Simultaneously, a large portion ...

  4. Case Engineering Group India | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORT Americium/CuriumSunways JVGroup India Jump to: navigation, search

  5. India's baseline plan for nuclear energy self-sufficiency.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bucher, R .G.; Nuclear Engineering Division

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    India's nuclear energy strategy has traditionally strived for energy self-sufficiency, driven largely by necessity following trade restrictions imposed by the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) following India's 'peaceful nuclear explosion' of 1974. On September 6, 2008, the NSG agreed to create an exception opening nuclear trade with India, which may create opportunities for India to modify its baseline strategy. The purpose of this document is to describe India's 'baseline plan,' which was developed under constrained trade conditions, as a basis for understanding changes in India's path as a result of the opening of nuclear commerce. Note that this treatise is based upon publicly available information. No attempt is made to judge whether India can meet specified goals either in scope or schedule. In fact, the reader is warned a priori that India's delivery of stated goals has often fallen short or taken a significantly longer period to accomplish. It has been evident since the early days of nuclear power that India's natural resources would determine the direction of its civil nuclear power program. It's modest uranium but vast thorium reserves dictated that the country's primary objective would be thorium utilization. Estimates of India's natural deposits vary appreciably, but its uranium reserves are known to be extremely limited, totaling approximately 80,000 tons, on the order of 1% of the world's deposits; and nominally one-third of this ore is of very low uranium concentration. However, India's roughly 300,000 tons of thorium reserves account for approximately 30% of the world's total. Confronted with this reality, the future of India's nuclear power industry is strongly dependent on the development of a thorium-based nuclear fuel cycle as the only way to insure a stable, sustainable, and autonomous program. The path to India's nuclear energy self-sufficiency was first outlined in a seminal paper by Drs. H. J. Bhabha and N. B. Prasad presented at the Second United Nations Conference on the Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy in 1958. The paper described a three stage plan for a sustainable nuclear energy program consistent with India's limited uranium but abundant thorium natural resources. In the first stage, natural uranium would be used to fuel graphite or heavy water moderated reactors. Plutonium extracted from the spent fuel of these thermal reactors would drive fast reactors in the second stage that would contain thorium blankets for breeding uranium-233 (U-233). In the final stage, this U-233 would fuel thorium burning reactors that would breed and fission U-233 in situ. This three stage blueprint still reigns as the core of India's civil nuclear power program. India's progress in the development of nuclear power, however, has been impacted by its isolation from the international nuclear community for its development of nuclear weapons and consequent refusal to sign the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT). Initially, India was engaged in numerous cooperative research programs with foreign countries; for example, under the 'Atoms for Peace' program, India acquired the Cirus reactor, a 40 MWt research reactor from Canada moderated with heavy water from the United States. India was also actively engaged in negotiations for the NPT. But, on May 18, 1974, India conducted a 'peaceful nuclear explosion' at Pokharan using plutonium produced by the Cirus reactor, abruptly ending the era of international collaboration. India then refused to sign the NPT, which it viewed as discriminatory since it would be required to join as a non-nuclear weapons state. As a result of India's actions, the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) was created in 1975 to establish guidelines 'to apply to nuclear transfers for peaceful purposes to help ensure that such transfers would not be diverted to unsafeguarded nuclear fuel cycle or nuclear explosive activities. These nuclear export controls have forced India to be largely self-sufficient in all nuclear-related technologies.

  6. E-Print Network 3.0 - andhra pradesh india Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    (India) Collection: Geosciences 54 Solutions to Plant Viruses Improve Crop Management Strategies Successful crop management Summary: University, Tamil Naidu, India V. Rama...

  7. Regimes of Dispossession: Special Economic Zones and the Political Economy of Land in India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levien, Michael James

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Development Planning and Liberalisation in India, edited byDevelopment Planning and Liberalisation in India, edited bythe Interventionist State Versus Liberalisation and the Neo-

  8. E-Print Network 3.0 - assam northeastern india Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Arunachal Pradesh... : Naga Hills, Assam, India. Distribution: northeastern India and Nepal (Hi- malayas Region); Bangladesh... : Naga Hills, Asm ... Source: Murphy, Bob -...

  9. Energy Department Announces Selections for U.S.-India Joint Clean...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Energy Department Announces Selections for U.S.-India Joint Clean Energy Research and Development Center Energy Department Announces Selections for U.S.-India Joint Clean Energy...

  10. E-Print Network 3.0 - atomic energy india Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Department of Atomic Energy Department of Science... Council of Medical Research Solar Energy - Two multimillion pound collaborative UK-India projects aimed... and India,...

  11. Worry grows as Iran/Iraq war lingers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Despite the Iran/Iraq war and the prospect of greater disruption of Persian Gulf oil deliveries, the international crude market has adjusted to the loss of supplies and remains stable, partly because some nonwarring members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries have boosted production to make up losses and partly because the industrialized nations have maintained high levels of crude and product stocks. These stocks would be draw-depleted in nine months if used at the rate of 1.8 million bbl/day; this and a 2 million bbl/day increase in OPEC production would make up for the entire war-caused shortfall. If the Strait of Hormuz were closed, the shortfall would be 17 million bbl/day, which would deplete stocks in less than one month. Patterns of supply and demand in non-Communist western countries in 1978-79 and 1979-80; the International Energy Agency oil-sharing plan which would go into effect in the case of a major oil shortage; and the prospects for a surge in prices in the international oil markets, are discussed.

  12. Thermal insulation standards for residential building envelopes in Iran

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eslami, H.M.

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This project develops thermal-insulation standards for residential-building envelopes in Iran which would later serve as the groundwork for development of thermal-insulation regulations in the country. The energy performance of the opaque components of present common construction systems was studied. The results clearly indicate the need for improvement of the energy performance of building components through the application of thermal insulation. The initial cost of insulating the building varied from 2.0-3.5% of the total construction cost, depending on the climate location, form and size of the building. Discounted pay-back period ranged from two to four years. Component performance standards were developed with prescriptive recommendations to meet with the level of technical skills of the parties involved in the implementation and control of standards. The macro-economic assessment of insulation standards proves annual savings of billions of Rials on the national level and also the creation of more jobs in construction-related industries.

  13. Municipal solid waste management in Rasht City, Iran

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alavi Moghadam, M.R. [Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)], E-mail: alavi@aut.ac.ir; Mokhtarani, N. [Jahesh Kimia Company, No. 26, Sadeghi St., Azadi Avenue, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)], E-mail: mokhtarani@jaheshkimia.com; Mokhtarani, B. [Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Research Center, P.O. Box 14335-186 Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)], E-mail: mokhtaranib@ccerci.ac.ir

    2009-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Pollution and health risks generated by improper solid waste management are important issues concerning environmental management in developing countries. In most cities, the use of open dumps is common for the disposal of wastes, resulting in soil and water resource contamination by leachate in addition to odors and fires. Solid waste management infrastructure and services in developing countries are far from achieving basic standards in terms of hygiene and efficient collection and disposal. This paper presents an overview of current municipal solid waste management in Rasht city, Gilan Province, Iran, and provides recommendations for system improvement. The collected data of different MSW functional elements were based on data from questionnaires, visual observations of the authors, available reports and several interviews and meetings with responsible persons. Due to an increase in population and changes in lifestyle, the quantity and quality of MSW in Rasht city has changed. Lack of resources, infrastructure, suitable planning, leadership, and public awareness are the main challenges of MSW management of Rasht city. However, the present situation of solid waste management in this city, which generates more than 400 tons/d, has been improved since the establishment of an organization responsible only for solid waste management. Source separation of wastes and construction of a composting plant are the two main activities of the Rasht Municipality in recent years.

  14. The technology menu for efficient energy use in India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of energy audit and other studies from the files of the National Productivity Council were reviewed. SinceThe technology menu for efficient energy use in India Eric D. Larson and Anand Subbiah Center for Energy and Environmental Studies Princeton, New Jersey, 08544, USA TOTAL ELECTRICITY GENERATION in India

  15. Municipal solid waste characteristics and management in Allahabad, India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    by political, legal, socio-cultural, environmental and economic factors, as well as available resources on a suitable management plan (Shimura et al., 2001). More than 90% of MSW in India is directly disposedMunicipal solid waste characteristics and management in Allahabad, India Mufeed Sharholy a , Kafeel

  16. China, India and the Commodity Boom: Economic and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coxhead, Ian

    China, India and the Commodity Boom: Economic and Environmental Implications for Low of Life Sciences and 2 La Trobe University 1. INTRODUCTION THE emergence of China and India as major. When China first began to attract large-scale foreign investment and expand its export- oriented labour

  17. Sustainable Decentralized Model for Solid Waste Management in Urban India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    Sustainable Decentralized Model for Solid Waste Management in Urban India Hita Unnikrishnan, Brunda the sustenance of a decentralized solid waste management system in urban India. Towards this end, two a national legislation ­ the Municipal Solid Waste (Management and Handling) rules, 2000 (Ministry

  18. 2010 U.S.-India Strategic S. Paul Kapur

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010 U.S.-India Strategic Engagement S. Paul Kapur Naval Postgraduate School THE DEFENSE THREAT REPORT #12;#12;2010 U.S.-India Strategic Engagement STRATEGIC ENGAGEMENT REPORT S. Paul Kapur Naval reflect the official policy or position of the Defense Threat Reduction Agency, the Department of Defense

  19. Location-Based Tax Incentives: Evidence From India Ritam Chaurey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bandyopadhyay, Antar

    in India. Specifically, I examine the federally financed New Industrial Policy for the statesLocation-Based Tax Incentives: Evidence From India Ritam Chaurey Department of Economics, State University of New York, Binghamton August 24, 2014 Abstract While policies targeting particular geographic

  20. India Infrastructure Report 2010 Call-for-Papers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Srivastava, Kumar Vaibhav

    India Infrastructure Report 2010 Call-for-Papers We would like to invite you to contribute unpublished papers for consideration and publication in the forthcoming India Infrastructure Report (IIR) 2010, considered extremely useful by policy makers, receives wide publicity and provides an excellent forum

  1. Visible Inequality, Status Competition and Conspicuous Consumption: Evidence from India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bandyopadhyay, Antar

    Visible Inequality, Status Competition and Conspicuous Consumption: Evidence from India Punarjit representative micro data from India. I ...nd that a decrease in the level of visible inequality, ceteris paribus in one's social status due to parallel action of others. From a policy perspective, my ...ndings

  2. Resource Evaluation and Site Selection for Microalgae Production in India

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Milbrandt, A.; Jarvis, E.

    2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The study evaluates climate conditions, availability of CO2 and other nutrients, water resources, and land characteristics to identify areas in India suitable for algae production. The purpose is to provide an understanding of the resource potential in India for algae biofuels production and to assist policymakers, investors, and industry developers in their future strategic decisions.

  3. India's nuclear power program : a study of India's unique approach to nuclear energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murray, Caitlin Lenore

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    India is in the middle of the biggest expansion of nuclear power in its history, adding 20 GWe in the next 14 years in the form of pressure water reactors and fast breeder reactors. At the same time, the United States is ...

  4. Kenersys India Pvt Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORTOpenWende New Energy Co Ltd Jump to:Kenersys India Pvt Ltd Jump to:

  5. Shell India Pvt Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:Seadov Pty Ltd Jump to: navigation,Pvt Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Shell India

  6. Solarsa India Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:Seadov Pty Ltd Jump to:Information SilverSolarStructureSolarsa India Ltd Jump to:

  7. GE Global Research in Bangalore, India

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-SeriesFlickr Flickr Editor's note:ComputingFusion roadmappingBangalore, India

  8. Sunwatt Group India | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:Seadov Pty LtdSteen, Minnesota:36052°,Sunfield,Farms BiomassSunwatt Group India Jump to:

  9. India's Integrated Energy Policy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat JumpInc Place: Eden Prairie, Minnesota Zip: 55344 Product:India's

  10. Mineralogical Characteristics of Specimens of a Meteorwrong Fall from NW Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pourkhorsandi, Hamed

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the early hours of October 22, 2011, people of a small town in NW Iran, called Khameneh (38{\\deg}11'47" N, 45{\\deg}38'14" E) noticed sounds of some colliding objects to home roofs and yard floors. Mineralogical investigations revealed the terrestrial and man-made origin of these stony samples.

  11. Estimation of height-dependent solar irradiation and application to the solar climate of Iran

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Samimi, J. (Sharif Univ of Technology, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of))

    1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An explicitly height-dependent model has been used to estimate the solar irradiation over Iran which has a vast range of altitudes. The parameters of the model have been chosen on general grounds and not by parameters best fitting to any of the available measured irradiation data in Iran. The estimated global solar irradiation on the horizontal surface shows a very good agreement (4.1% deviation) with the 17-year long pyranometric measurements in Tehran, and also, is in good agreement with other, shorter available measured data. The entire data base of the Iranian meteorological stations have been used to establish a simple relation between the sunshine duration records and the cloud cover reports which can be utilized in solar energy estimations for sites with no sunshine duration recorders. Clear sky maps of Iran for direct solar irradiation on tracking, horizontal, and south-facing vertical planes are presented. The global solar irradiation map for horizontal surface with cloudiness is zoned into four irradiation zones. In about four-fifths of the land in Iran, the annual-mean daily global solar irradiation on horizontal surface ranges from 4.5 to 5.4 kWh/m[sup 2].

  12. The Variable Power of Courts: The Expansion of the Power of the Supreme Court of India in Fundamental Rights and Governance Decisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mate, Manoj S

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Environmental Law and Policy in India: Cases, Materials andto government economic policies as India adopted economicthat existing Policy (Rajiv India (1990) environmental laws

  13. Health Care Interventions for Gender-based Violence: Formative Research with Primary Care Physicians and Young Married Women in Southern India to Explore Feasibility and Specific Needs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chibber, Karuna

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    splitting: the health policy agenda in India. Health Policysplitting: the health policy agenda in India. Health Policysplitting: the health policy agenda in India. Health Policy

  14. India's Fertilizer Industry: Productivity and Energy Efficiency

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schumacher, K.; Sathaye, J.

    1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Historical estimates of productivity growth in India's fertilizer sector vary from indicating an improvement to a decline in the sector's productivity. The variance may be traced to the time period of study, source of data for analysis, and type of indices and econometric specifications used for reporting productivity growth. Our analysis shows that in the twenty year period, 1973 to 1993, productivity in the fertilizer sector increased by 2.3% per annum. An econometric analysis reveals that technical progress in India's fertilizer sector has been biased towards the use of energy, while it has been capital and labor saving. The increase in productivity took place during the era of total control when a retention price system and distribution control was in effect. With liberalization of the fertilizer sector and reduction of subsidies productivity declined substantially since the early 1990s. Industrial policies and fiscal incentives still play a major role in the Indian fertilizer sect or. As substantial energy savings and carbon reduction potential exists, energy policies can help overcome barriers to the adoption of these measures in giving proper incentives and correcting distorted prices.

  15. Demand side management in India: Opportunities and challenges

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nezhad, H.G.; Mehta, J.V.

    1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    India`s electricity demand has been growing by more than 8% per year over the last decade. However, despite the fact that more than 70% of its 130 million households do not have access to electricity, demand for electricity has outstripped supply resulting in frequent blackouts and routine brownouts. India`s per capita consumption of electricity is about 240 KWh compared to about 500 KWh in other developing countries and 7,000 KWh in developed nations. According to the Fifteenth Power Survey by Indian Ministry of Energy, per capita energy consumption is projected to grow at about 5.5% per year until 2020, when India`s population is projected to reach 1.2 billion people. Based on these projections, India will need a generating capacity of 450,000 MW in 2020, compared to the current capacity of about 80,000 MW. Considering rising costs, limited fuel supply, and shortages of capital for power plant construction, it is unlikely that projected capacity will be realized. The only viable option would be to utilize available power through intensive energy efficiency improvements and load management.

  16. Landmarks of the Persian Renaissance : monumental funerary architecture in Iran and Central Asia in the tenth and eleventh centuries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michailidis, Melanie

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation investigates the sudden proliferation of mausolea in Iran and Central Asia in the tenth and eleventh centuries and how their patrons, who were secular rulers of Iranian descent, drew on the pre-Islamic ...

  17. Cultivat(ing) modernities : the Society for National Heritage, political propaganda and public architecture in twentieth-century Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grigor, Talinn, 1972-

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Beginning in 1922, under the auspices of the Pahlavi dynasty of Iran, the tombs of selected historical figures were systematically destroyed to make way for modern mausoleums erected as metaphors for an "Aryan" nation in ...

  18. Evidence-based spatial intervention for regeneration of deteriorating urban areas, a case of study from Tehran, Iran 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rismanchian, Omid

    2012-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Throughout the urban development process over the last seven decades in Tehran, the capital city of Iran, many self-generated neighbourhoods have developed in which the majority of the residents are low-income families. ...

  19. Iran and the Boomeranging Cartoon Wars: Can Public Spheres At Risk Ally With Public Spheres Yet to be Achieved?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fischer, Michael M. J.

    Twelve cartoons, published in the Danish newspaper Jyllands-Posten in September 2005, nine cartoons published in the Tehran newspaperIran in May 2006, and two hundred eighty-two cartoons curated in Tehran in September 2006 ...

  20. ‘I am the brave hero and this land is mine’: popular music and youth identity in post-revolutionary Iran 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steward, Theresa Parvin

    2013-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Over the past decade, popular music in Iran has steadily gained recognition beyond its borders. The Western media has increasingly provided an idealised and romanticised view of music-making in the Iranian underground. ...

  1. Regulatory practices in India for establishing nuclear power stations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    De, A.K. [Atomic Energy Regulatory Board, Calcutta (India); Singh, S.P. [Atomic Energy Regulatory Board, Bombay (India)

    1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Atomic Energy Regulatory Board (AERB) of India was established as an independent regulatory authority charged with regulating radiation protection and nuclear safety. This article reviews the current state of India`s nuclear power reactor program and discusses the makeup of functions of the AERB, including the preparation of issuance of safety codes, guides, and other standards, with special recent emphasis on pressurized-heavy-water reactors (PHWRs). The AERB`s relationship to nuclear plant owners is discussed, as are the inspection and control functions the AERB performs, both for the construction and operation of nuclear plants and the licensing of operating personnel. 8 refs., 2 figs.

  2. The impact of municipal solid waste treatment methods on greenhouse gas emissions in Lahore, Pakistan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Batool, Syeda Adila [Department of Space Science, Punjab University, Lahore 54600 (Pakistan)], E-mail: aadila_batool@yahoo.com; Chuadhry, Muhammad Nawaz [College of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of the Punjab, Lahore (Pakistan)], E-mail: muhammadnawazchaudhry@yahoo.com

    2009-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The contribution of existing municipal solid waste management to emission of greenhouse gases and the alternative scenarios to reduce emissions were analyzed for Data Ganj Bukhsh Town (DGBT) in Lahore, Pakistan using the life cycle assessment methodology. DGBT has a population of 1,624,169 people living in 232,024 dwellings. Total waste generated is 500,000 tons per year with an average per capita rate of 0.84 kg per day. Alternative scenarios were developed and evaluated according to the environmental, economic, and social atmosphere of the study area. Solid waste management options considered include the collection and transportation of waste, collection of recyclables with single and mixed material bank container systems (SMBCS, MMBCS), material recovery facilities (MRF), composting, biogasification and landfilling. A life cycle inventory (LCI) of the six scenarios along with the baseline scenario was completed; this helped to quantify the CO{sub 2} equivalents, emitted and avoided, for energy consumption, production, fuel consumption, and methane (CH{sub 4}) emissions. LCI results showed that the contribution of the baseline scenario to the global warming potential as CO{sub 2} equivalents was a maximum of 838,116 tons. The sixth scenario had a maximum reduction of GHG emissions in terms of CO{sub 2} equivalents of -33,773 tons, but the most workable scenario for the current situation in the study area is scenario 5. It saves 25% in CO{sub 2} equivalents compared to the baseline scenario.

  3. US, Russian intelligence agencies offer proliferation assessments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wolfsthal, J.B.

    1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The CIA outlined for the Senate Governmental Affairs Committee (February 24, 1993) the prospects for the spread of nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons and ballistic missiles in the aftermath of the Cold War. The testimony came less than one month after the Russian Foreign Intelligence Service released an 118-page report that also stressed the importance of preventing proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. CIA testimony and the FIS report both provided details on several states of proliferation concern, including North Korea, Iran, India, and Pakistan.

  4. International Mobility Program for Young Researchers from India and Nepal In order to strengthen the relationship and cooperation with India and Nepal, and taking into

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schenato, Luca

    International Mobility Program for Young Researchers from India and Nepal In order to strengthen the relationship and cooperation with India and Nepal, and taking into account the successful research activities-border research collaboration with advanced research groups coming from India and Nepal. The program offers 4

  5. International Mobility Program for Young Researchers from India and Nepal In order to strengthen the relationship and cooperation with India and Nepal, and taking into

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cesare, Bernardo

    1 International Mobility Program for Young Researchers from India and Nepal In order to strengthen the relationship and cooperation with India and Nepal, and taking into account the successful research activities-border research collaboration with advanced research groups coming from India and Nepal. The program offers 8

  6. International Mobility Program for Young Researchers from India and Nepal In order to strengthen the relationship and cooperation with India and Nepal, and taking into account

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schenato, Luca

    International Mobility Program for Young Researchers from India and Nepal In order to strengthen the relationship and cooperation with India and Nepal, and taking into account the successful research activities-border research collaboration with advanced research groups coming from India and Nepal. The program offers 8

  7. Regional Pathways to Technological Upgrading: The Impact of Agglomeration Economies and its Regional Covariates on Upgrading in Post-reforms India's Manufacturing Sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mallavarapu, Bravishwar

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    under the ‘License Raj’ policies India’s economy grew at abase. Development policy in India needs to recognize theUrban development policy in India seems to be obsessed with

  8. Public Preschooling and Maternal Labor Force Participation in Rural India.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jain, Monica

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    expenditure in india, 2005-06. Technical report, Ministry ofhow significant it is? In 2005-06, the female casual laborerconsumer expenditure in 2005-06 was Rs 625 (USD 12.5) in

  9. Electronic Waste Management in India: A Stakeholder’s Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borthakur, Anwesha; Sinha, Kunal

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    already a strong scrap metal industry in existent in India,already established scrap metal industry absorbed this newmetals, including steel, aluminium, copper etc from scrap, mainly from industries.

  10. Effectiveness of Medicinal Plant Conservation Areas in Western Ghats, India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barve, Narayani

    2014-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    more species. ?Find out complementary sets Acknowledgements ? Dr. D. K. Ved and Dr. Ravi Kumar ? Vijay Barve and Madhura Niphadkar ? Mrs. Satya Sangeeta ? Foundation for Revitalisation of Local Health Traditions, Bangalore, India ? Ashoka Trust...

  11. Modeling environmental impact of unfired bricks in India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zachau Walker, Miriam E. (Miriam Elizabeth)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Brick manufacturing requires a considerable amount of energy and land, but these numbers have been difficult to quantify in rural parts of the developing world. The environmental impact of unfired bricks in India is ...

  12. Environmental and economic tradeoffs in building materials production in India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schuchman, Nina Shayne

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The current and projected growth of India's economy and population will continue to lead to increased demand for buildings and infrastructure, and there is a real need to consider what this increase means in terms of natural ...

  13. Working with your hands : essays on craft occupations in India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ranganathan, Aruna

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Essay 1 : Professionalization And Market Closure: The Case Of Plumbing In India. Professionalization has long been understood as a process of establishing market closure and monopoly control over work; however, in this ...

  14. Potential of Evaporative Cooling Systems for Buildings in India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maiya, M. P.; Vijay, S.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Evaporative cooling potential for building in various climatic zones in India is investigated. Maintainable indoor conditions are obtained from the load - capacity analysis for the prevailing ambient conditions. For the assumed activity level...

  15. Strategies for the introduction of alternative fuel vehicles in India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neerkaje, Abhijith

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Rapid growth in population and increase in disposable income has led to a robust increase in automotive sales in India. As in many parts of the world, the internal combustion engines are the dominant vehicle power train ...

  16. The suitability of coal gasification in India's energy sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simpson, Lori Allison

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC), an advanced coal-based power generation technology, may be an important technology to help India meet its future power needs. It has the potential to provide higher generating ...

  17. A comparative study of maritime operations in India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukundan, Harish

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis studies the maritime sector of India, specifically using China as a basis for comparison. Chinese economic impact is studied under the two major headings: the effective use of non-living and living resources. ...

  18. Software industry in India : product and intellectual property focus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kumar, Vishal, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    India has established itself well as a powerhouse of talent in Information Technology (IT)/Software services, indicated by its exports of USD 54.33 Billion in 2010. Established in 1980s by the late Mr. Rajiv Gandhi, Prime ...

  19. POUR L'OBTENTION DU GRADE DE DOCTEUR S SCIENCES B.Sc. in electronical engineering, Sharif University of Technology, Thran, Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    University of Technology, Téhéran, Iran et de nationalité iranienne acceptée sur proposition du jury

  20. To appear in Proceedings of the 3rd USENIX Workshop on Free and Open Communications on the Internet, August 2013. Internet Censorship in Iran: A First Look

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eustice, Ryan

    University of Technology, Téhéran, Iran et de nationalité iranienne acceptée sur proposition du jury

  1. Startup Business Plan for Educational Technology Providing Firm in India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thakkar, Urvashi

    2012-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

    markets, Indian education industry is showing some positive trends such as adoption of technology is increasing, online and correspondence courses are rising in vocational education market etc [1]. 22 Although, India is the IT powerhouse... colleges and polytechnics in each state of India [7, 8]. EasyEd considers all these colleges and polytechnics as the ultimate demand for their ITC products. According to the statistical data presented, there are total 24,517 higher education institutes...

  2. Business Case for Energy Efficiency in Support of Climate Change Mitigation, Economic and Societal Benefits in India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McNeil, Michael A.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Products: The Case of India." Energy Policy 36(9): 3467-products: The case of India." Energy Policy 36(9): 3467-3476framework policies that have been implemented in India to

  3. E-Print Network 3.0 - afghan refugee camps Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Centre de mathmatiques Collection: Mathematics 2 AFGHANISTAN'S OTHER NEIGHBORS: IRAN, CENTRAL ASIA, AND CHINA Summary: Pakistan was keen to confine Afghan refugees to camps...

  4. Evaluating the use of Social Impact Assessment in the context of agricultural development projects in Iran

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ahmadvand, Mostafa, E-mail: ahmadvand_2000@yahoo.co [Faculty of Agriculture, Yasuj University, Yasuj (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Karami, Ezatollah, E-mail: ekarami@shirazu.ac.i [Department of Agricultural Extension and Education, College of Agriculture, Shiraz University, Shiraz (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Zamani, Gholam Hossein, E-mail: zamani@shirazu.ac.i [Department of Agricultural Extension and Education, College of Agriculture, Shiraz University, Shiraz (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Vanclay, Frank, E-mail: Frank.Vanclay@utas.edu.a [Tasmanian Institute of Agricultural Research, University of Tasmania, Hobart (Australia)

    2009-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The utilisation of Social Impact Assessment (SIA) in Iran is analysed in terms of its policy context and its application in practice. Five case studies where SIA was employed in conjunction with Environmental Impact Assessments (EIA) for agricultural development projects are evaluated. In addition, the performance of the policy context is assessed. This research revealed that there are legal and institutional constraints to the effective functioning of SIA in Iran, and that there are deficiencies in the operating guidelines. There were serious problems associated with the way SIA was undertaken in all five case studies. Recommendations to improve the policy framework for the conduct of SIA are made. The recommendations advocate for a higher profile of SIA within legislation, for social issues to have greater emphasis in official guidelines for the conduct of EIA and SIA, and for a range of measures to increase the professionalism of SIA practice.

  5. Final report of the independent counsel for Iran/Contra matters. Volume 1: Investigations and prosecutions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walsh, L.E.

    1993-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

    In October and November 1986, two secret U.S. Government operations were publicly exposed, potentially implicating Reagan Administration officials in illegal activities. These operations were the provision of assistance to the military activities of the Nicaraguan contra rebels during an October 1984 to October 1986 prohibition on such aid, and the sale of U.S. arms to Iran in contravention of stated U.S. policy and in possible violation of arms-export controls. In late November 1986, Reagan Administration officials announced that some of the proceeds from the sale of U.S. arms to Iran had been diverted to the contras. As a result of the exposure of these operations, Attorney General Edwin Meese III sought the appointment of an independent counsel to investigate and, if necessary, prosecute possible crimes arising from them. This is the final report of that investigation.

  6. Paleogeography of major accumulation stages of Lower Mesozoic coal deposits in Iran

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bragin, Yu.N.; Golubev, S.A.; Polyanski, B.V.

    1981-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Accumulation of the Upper Triassic-Jurassic coal-bearing deposits in Iran took place on a tectonically heterogeneous territory of the Mediterranean belt, at the junction with the Turanian platform, in a setting of alluvial-deltaic plains that in the south were superseded by a marine sedimentation environment. This paleogeographic setting was compounded by the secondary paleolandscape zonality due largely to the block structure of Iran's territory. Individual blocks, elevated along the faults and bounding them, formed an archipelago of lowland islands and affected the distribution of peat formation and marine facies. For the first time a new stratigraphic basis has been used to correlate more than 40 lithostratigraphic profiles to trace the time and space succession of the paleolandscape settings for the three principal stages of the Late Triassic-Jurassic sediment and peat accumulation. (10 refs.)

  7. Role of Wind in Vernacular Architecture of Hot and Humid Region of Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Najafabadi, R. A.; Daneshvar, K.; Pakseresht, K.; Pooryousefzadeh, S.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the total framework which underlies architecture. Vernacular architecture in hot and humid regions of Iran has strong bonds with local climate. Shenasil, Taremi and Wind towers are the features that have developed according to climatic considerations... of different climatic elements on the vernacular architecture with a focus on humidity and air currents. Then, natural ventilation and the architectural elements involving it will be discussed. Finally, the wind towers of the region...

  8. Circumstances surrounding the government's approval of nuclear-related exports to Iran

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Staats, E.B.

    1980-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

    In June 1978 the Department of Energy concluded that a proposed equipment export to Iran did not present a nuclear weapons proliferation risk. GAO believes the Department of Energy's review of that export was not as comprehensive as it should have been. The absence of sufficient information on the exact nature of the export prevented GAO from reaching an independent conclusion about its proliferation significance.

  9. Alternative energy sources in Iran: the state-of-the-art

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sabzevari, A.; Yaghoubi, M.A.

    1983-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Iran, the country well known for its enormous proven reserves of oil (fourth largest in the world), natural gas (second largest), and coal (considerable) is also one of the most favourable countries for utilization of solar, wind and other alternative energy sources. Depsite an average of 5 KWh/m/sup 2//day of solar energy over a large land area, and sites with frequent wind velocities of 7 m/s, very little attention has been paid to non-fossil fuels. Petroleum, on the other hand, has not only been the main fuel for Iran, but has also provided the country with its major revenue. Furthermore, the low cost of oil and gas has pushed the alternative energy sources into an unfavorable position. The main question is, for how long can such an energy picture go on. To answer this important question, the authors have attempted, firstly, to draw a concise energy picture (fuel and power production, distribution, demands and policies), and secondly, to list the potentials of the alternative energy sources. The paper also includes a critical review of the work done and the programs in connection with alternative energies in Iran.

  10. Estimation and projection of the demand for refined petroleum products in Iran

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kianian, S.A.; Amin, M.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The main purpose of this study is to construct an econometric model for estimation and projection of oil-refined products in Iran based on the situation of the Iranian energy market. Part 1 reviews the existing literature and contains the salient socio-economic futures of OPEC countries in general and of Iran in particular. Explanation of the structure of Iran's domestic energy market (demand, supply, and price) is the main purpose of this part. In Part 2, the demand function for each refined petroleum product is analyzed, formulated, and estimated. The price and income elasticities of the demands for gasoline, kerosene, gas oil and fuel oil are analyzed and compared with those of other countries. In Part 3, after analyzing and estimating the demand functions for total refined products, first, the full model, including all the estimated demand functions is dynamically simulated over the sample periods (1955-1978) in order to evaluate the performance power of the model, then the amount of consumption of each refined product for the next decade (1979-1988), under three scenarios of the rate of growth of real GNP, 9%, 7% and 5% is projected.

  11. Progress towards Managing Residential Electricity Demand: Impacts of Standards and Labeling for Refrigerators and Air Conditioners in India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McNeil, Michael A.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for Refrigerators and Air Conditioners in India. Michael A.followed by room air conditioners. Both of these appliancesfrost-free units. Room air conditioners in India have

  12. DOE Announces Funding for U.S.-India Joint Clean Energy Research...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    for U.S.-India Joint Clean Energy Research and Development Center DOE Announces Funding for U.S.-India Joint Clean Energy Research and Development Center May 16, 2011 - 12:00am...

  13. Evaluating the Benefits of Integrated Child Development Program in Rural India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jain, Monica

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Health Survey (NFHS-3), 2005-06: India: Volume I. Interna-expenditure in india, 2005-06. Technical report, Ministry offor 25 days per month). In 2005-06, the benefits on maternal

  14. Strategies for Low Carbon Growth In India: Industry and Non Residential Sectors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sathaye, Jayant

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    India Country Report 2005-06. Deutsch Bank Report 2006.India, 2007, “Energy Statistics, 2005-06”, New Delhi, web:generated by steel plants in 2005-06 are currently used to

  15. Bluer Skies and Brighter Days: The U.S. and India Collaborate...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Bluer Skies and Brighter Days: The U.S. and India Collaborate in First Long-Term Climate Experiment Bluer Skies and Brighter Days: The U.S. and India Collaborate in First Long-Term...

  16. India and China: A Comparative Analysis of Mobile Phones in Agriculture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bonthu, Prashanthi

    2014-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    In 2010, China and India were named the first and second largest mobile phone markets in the world based on their number of subscribers. India and China have focused on extending their telecommunication services into rural areas for socio...

  17. Environmental Regulations, Air and Water Pollution, and Infant Mortality in India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenstone, Michael

    2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Using the most comprehensive data file ever compiled on air pollution, water pollution, and environmental regulations from a developing country, the paper examines the effectiveness of India’s environmental regulations. ...

  18. Environmental Regulations, Air and Water Pollution, and Infant Mortality in India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenstone, Michael

    Using the most comprehensive data file ever compiled on air pollution, water pollution, environmental regulations, and infant mortality from a developing country, the paper examines the effectiveness of India’s environmental ...

  19. E-Print Network 3.0 - ahmednagar district india Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    born November 16, 1846 in Ahmednagar India. He died in Seattle, WA on October... and Nepal conducted by the son of an American missionary to India. Size: 1 folder in MRL3 G box1...

  20. Perform, Achieve and Trade (PAT): An Innovative Mechanism for Enhancing Energy Efficiency in India's Industrial Sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garnik, S. P.; Martin, M.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    by Energy Conservation Act, 2001 of India and National Mission on Enhanced Energy Efficiency (NMEEE) under National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC). The Energy Conservation Act, 2001 which is the first legislative initiative by Govt. of India to give...

  1. Pathways to adoption of carbon capture and sequestration in India : technologies and policies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Narain, Mudit

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    India is the world's second most populous country with a rapidly growing economy and increasing emissions. With the imminent threat of anthropogenic climate change in the coming decades, helping to control India's emissions ...

  2. 1. Dumont, Grard-Franois, La France et l'Iran : des nations si lointaines et si proches , Gostratgiques, n 10,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1. Dumont, Gérard-François, « La France et l'Iran : des nations si lointaines et si proches Arménie �mirats ar. unis Turkménistan Azerbaïdjan Arabie saoudite Irak Afghanistan Iran 71,2 69,2 31,9 31

  3. Opportunities and Challenges for Solar Minigrid Development in Rural India

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thirumurthy, N.; Harrington, L.; Martin, D.; Thomas, L.; Takpa, J.; Gergan, R.

    2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The goal of this report is to inform investors about the potential of solar minigrid technologies to serve India's rural market. Under the US-India Energy Dialogue, the US Department of Energy's (DOE) National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is supporting the Indian Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE)'s Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission (JNNSM) in performing a business-case and policy-oriented analysis on the deployment of solar minigrids in India. The JNNSM scheme targets the development of 2GW of off-grid solar power by 2022 and provides large subsidies to meet this target. NREL worked with electricity capacity and demand data supplied by the Ladakh Renewable Energy Development Agency (LREDA) from Leh District, to develop a technical approach for solar minigrid development. Based on the NREL-developed, simulated solar insolation data for the city of Leh, a 250-kW solar photovoltaic (PV) system can produce 427,737 kWh over a 12-month period. The business case analysis, based on several different scenarios and JNNSM incentives shows the cost of power ranges from Rs. 6.3/kWh (US$0.126) to Rs. 9/kWh (US$0.18). At these rates, solar power is a cheaper alternative to diesel. An assessment of the macro-environment elements--including political, economic, environmental, social, and technological--was also performed to identify factors that may impact India?s energy development initiatives.

  4. Geochemical Prospecting of Hydrocarbons in Frontier Basins of India* By

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Kumar; D. J. Patil; G. Kalpana; C. Vishnu Vardhan

    India has 26 sedimentary basins with a basinal area of approximately 1.8x 10 6 km 2 (excluding deep waters), out of which seven are producing basins and two have proven potential. Exploration efforts in other basins, called “frontier basins ” are in progress. These basins are characterized by varied geology, age, tectonics, and depositional environments. Hydrocarbon shows in many of these basins are known, and in few basins oil and gas have flowed in commercial /non-commercial quantities. Within the framework of India Hydrocarbon Vision – 2025 and New Exploration Licensing Policy, there is a continuous increase in area under active exploration. The asset management concept with multi-disciplinary teams has created a demand for synergic application of risk-reduction technologies, including surface geochemical surveys. National Geophysical Research Institute (NGRI), Hyderabad, India has initiated/planned surface geochemical surveys composed of gas chromatographic and carbon isotopic analyses in few of the frontier basins of India. The adsorbed soil gas data in one of the basins (Saurashtra basin, Gujarat) has shown varied concentrations of CH4 to C4H10. The C1 concentration varies between 3 to 766 ppb and ??C2+, 1 to 543 ppb. This basin has thin soil cover and the Mesozoic sediments (probable source rocks) are overlain by thick cover of Deccan Traps. The scope and perspective of geochemical surveys in frontier basins of India are presented here.

  5. Impact of Private Tutoring on Learning Levels: Evidence from India Ambrish Dongre (Corresponding Author),

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bandyopadhyay, Antar

    Author), Fellow, Centre for Policy Research, Dharam Marg, Chanakyapuri, New Delhi ­ 110 021, India. Email, Centre for Policy Research, Dharam Marg, Chanakyapuri, New Delhi ­ 110 021, India. Email: vibhutewary1 Impact of Private Tutoring on Learning Levels: Evidence from India Ambrish Dongre (Corresponding

  6. The Decade of Development: Goal Setting and Policy Challenges in India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Decade of Development: Goal Setting and Policy Challenges in India Jeffrey D. Sachs and Nirupam Papers #12;The Decade of Development: Goal Setting and Policy Challenges in India Jeffrey D. Sachs during several trips to India in the year 2000. #12;1 The Decade of Development: Goal Setting and Policy

  7. IITM CSC Special Report No. 2 The Telecom Industry in India-China Trade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhashyam, Srikrishna

    India and Indian policy makers have much to learn from China, where the `Chinese state' supports IITM CSC Special Report No. 2 July 2013 The Telecom Industry in India-China Trade Nabeel Studies, IISc Campus, Banglore The visit of Chinese Premier Li Keqiang to India on 19-22 May 2013 came

  8. From Tapering to Tightening: The Impact of the Fed's Exit on India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bandyopadhyay, Antar

    Eichengreen and Poonam Gupta India Policy Forum, 20141 This version July 9, 2014 The "tapering talk" starting such a large impact on India? How effective were the policy measures undertaken to contain the impact? And what in the three prior years, rendering India vulnerable to capital outflows, while narrowing the available policy

  9. Computational approaches to the art music traditions of India and Turkey Xavier Serra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Computational approaches to the art music traditions of India and Turkey Xavier Serra Music.1080/09298215.2014.894083] This special issue has its origins in the 2nd CompMusic workshop that took place in Istanbul (Turkey) on July on five music traditions: Hindustani (North India), Carnatic (South India), Turkish-makam (Turkey), Arab

  10. Energy-GDP decoupling in a second best world -A case study on India Cline Guivarcha,*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    1 Energy-GDP decoupling in a second best world - A case study on India Céline Guivarcha best world ­ A case study on India. Climatic Change, Volume 113, Number 2, pages 339­ 356. Abstract India, energy intensity, second-best world, power sector, reference scenario. Introduction Reference

  11. Research and Reality: Using Mobile Messages to Promote Maternal Health in Rural India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Canny, John

    Research and Reality: Using Mobile Messages to Promote Maternal Health in Rural India Divya for improving maternal health practices in rural India. Specifically, we investigate the use of mobile phone- nication Technology, India, Email: vivek goswami@daiict.ac.in. Canny is a professor at the University

  12. Capacity-to-Act in India's Solid Waste Management and Waste-to-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    it to energy is not a new phenomenon in India. Rural India has gained considerable experience in anaerobic1 Capacity-to-Act in India's Solid Waste Management and Waste-to- Energy Industries Perinaz Bhada concern is the inadequate supply of energy and increasing demand for electricity, amplified by a booming

  13. Sustainability and Management Education in China and India: Enabling a Global Green Economic Transition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edwards, Paul N.

    of sustainability management education in China and India is likely to hamper the important transition towards management education in China and India and how those trends impact the important transition towardsSustainability and Management Education in China and India: Enabling a Global Green Economic

  14. Pathways to Adoption of Carbon Capture and Sequestration in India: Technologies and Policies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pathways to Adoption of Carbon Capture and Sequestration in India: Technologies and Policies, Technology and Policy Program #12;2 #12;Pathways to Carbon Capture and Sequestration in India: Technologies to control India's emissions will have to be a global priority. Carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) can

  15. Reassessing Wind Potential Estimates for India: Economic and Policy Implications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Phadke, Amol; Bharvirkar, Ranjit; Khangura, Jagmeet

    2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We assess developable on-shore wind potential in India at three different hub-heights and under two sensitivity scenarios – one with no farmland included, the other with all farmland included. Under the “no farmland included” case, the total wind potential in India ranges from 748 GW at 80m hub-height to 976 GW at 120m hub-height. Under the “all farmland included” case, the potential with a minimum capacity factor of 20 percent ranges from 984 GW to 1,549 GW. High quality wind energy sites, at 80m hub-height with a minimum capacity factor of 25 percent, have a potential between 253 GW (no farmland included) and 306 GW (all farmland included). Our estimates are more than 15 times the current official estimate of wind energy potential in India (estimated at 50m hub height) and are about one tenth of the official estimate of the wind energy potential in the US.

  16. DDT residues in human milk samples from Delhi, India

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zaidi, S.S.A.; Bhatnagar, V.K.; Banerjee, B.D.; Balakrishnan, G.; Shah, M.P.

    1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The widespread use of DDT in India has resulted in increased levels of the insecticide in the ecosystem and, therefore, the potential possible health hazards has been voiced. DDT-residues excreted in milk have been reported from different parts of the world; however, very few reports did appear from India. In fact, there is no report on DDT-content in human milk from Delhi area where higher levels of DDT and BHC in human adipose tissues and blood have already been reported. Higher bioaccumulation of DDT might reflect the higher excretion of residues in milk. The authors have, therefore, attempted a systematic study to monitor DDT-residues in human milk samples collected from various hospitals of Delhi (India).

  17. Private power development and environmental protection in India

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Das, S.; Wilbanks, T.J.

    1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report assesses relationships between private power development in India and environmental protection in that country. The central question is whether private firms generating and distributing electricity in developing countries will do a better or a worse job in environmental protection, as a part of their overall corporate responsibility, than public-sector institutions. After reviewing the fundamental question, why it is asked, and the context in which it operates in the nation of India, this report continues with an analysis of available information, quantitative and qualitative, that can help to resolve the issues in the particular case of India. Finally, it ends with conclusions from the analysis and recommendations for reducing remaining uncertainties in the future.

  18. Integrated Geochronologic, Geochemical, and Sedimentological Investigation of Proterozoic-Early Paleozoic Strata: From Northern India to Global Perspectives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McKenzie, Neil Ryan

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Himalaya,  India.  Sedimentology  50,  921-­?952.   Jiang,  that utilizes aspects of sedimentology, detrital zircon

  19. Research Councils UK The Government of India's 12th five-year plan (2012-2017) focuses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berzins, M.

    in India to align existing priorities and to scope areas of mutual research and policy interest. In doingResearch Councils UK engaging with India #12;The Government of India's 12th five-year plan (2012 in the global R&D rankings, India is clearly a partner of choice for the UK and the UK Research Councils. We

  20. Nationalization of the oil industry in Iran 1951-1953: a study in cold war diplomacy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qaim-Maqami, Linda Wills

    2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

    ort, facing p. 3)0. 23 The means of oil transportation were also controlled. by the seven~ together they owned. 5' of the world. tanker fleet and were under contract to two-thirds of private tankers. AU. pipelines outside the United States ware...NATIONALIZATION OF THE OIL INDUSTRY IN IRAN 195l-1953s A STUN IN COLD WAR DIPLIRAOI LINDA NILLS /AIM-lQLQAXI Sulaitte4 to the Graduate Callege of Texme AAH Vhiverssity & yartiel fulfiI1msnt of the requirement for the Legree of December 1973...

  1. Gauging Improvements in Urban Building Energy Policy in India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Christopher

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    development of training for local level administrators, especially inspectors, and the development of curriculum to train construction professionals in building energyEnergy Conservation in Buildings Code (ECBC), remains voluntary throughout most of India while local-level agencies work towards implementation capacity development.

  2. Renewable Energy in India: Status and future Potential

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banerjee, Rangan

    .9% Coal 36.8% Nat Gas 6.5% Nuclear 1.3% Hydro 1.7% Total 19800 PJ #12;Issues #1 Sustainability Demand- Supply Fossil fuel Reserves Emissions #2 Access to Rural Poor ­ Equity/Affordability #3 Attractive;India - Fossil Fuel reserves Fuel Reserves Prodn 2003-4 R/P ratio Coal +Lignite (Million Tonnes) 34000

  3. State Finances in India: A Case for Systemic Reform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singh, Nirvikar

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and budgeted at 0.7% in 2005-06) reflect an improvement, butthe Economic Survey of India, 2005-06, available at http://in 2004-05 and 3.4% in 2005-06 has been smaller, and the

  4. Off-grid Energy in Rural India: Policy Recommendations for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mauzerall, Denise

    . Lacayo Advisor: Prof. Denise Mauzerall WWS Undergraduate Task Force: Energy for Sustainable DevelopmentLacayo 1 Off-grid Energy in Rural India: Policy Recommendations for Effective UN Projects Antonio I Abstract Rural areas in developing countries suffer significantly from energy scarcity, forcing people

  5. Communication and Marketing of Services by Religious Organizations in India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iyer, Sriya; Velu, C; Mumit, A

     1    Communication and Marketing of Services by Religious Organizations in India1 Sriya Iyer2 Chander Velu3 Abdul Mumit4                                                              1 This work has been funded by the... Marketing communication is a vital strategic tool for religious organizations to achieve competitive differentiation. The determinants of religious organizations’ use of direct and indirect communication channels offers valuable insights into their modus...

  6. Energy efficiency in building sector in India through Heat

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    electricity consumption in India (2012) #12;Growth in electricity consumption by building sector At a conservative 9 % growth rate electricity consumption of building sector by 2020 will be more than 2 times ( Source: DB Research) #12;Electricity Consumption Pattern in Residential Sector (Source: BEE, Figure taken

  7. Intergenerational Transmission of Gender Attitudes: Evidence from India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bandyopadhyay, Antar

    is that its religious and cultural institutions give families economic incentives to have fewer girls incentives for parents to favor sons (Deininger, Goyal, and Nagarajan 2013; Jain 2014). However, economic, though, India stands out for its unequal opportunities and outcomes for women. The economic consequences

  8. India's Challenge to Meet the Millennium Development Goals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Sustainable Development The Earth Institute at Columbia University www.earth.columbia.edu #12;2 India is Director, South Asia Program at the Center on Globalization and Sustainable Development (CGSD) and a member the importance of human development in the context of sustainable economic and social development. They join

  9. 190 India Infrastructure Report 2006 URBAN ENERGY MANAGEMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    to reach you news about your city and your area, especially to gauge when electricity might be restored190 India Infrastructure Report 2006 URBAN ENERGY MANAGEMENT Prem K. Kalra and Rajiv Shekhar 9 I ndia's cities are the engines of her economic growth. To provide an environment conducive to the buzz

  10. Scaling of Health Information Systems in India: Challenges and Approaches

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sahay, Sundeep

    on experiences from an ongoing project to implement health information systems within the primary health care in the context of health care and health information systems (HIS) in developing countries, whichScaling of Health Information Systems in India: Challenges and Approaches Sundeep Sahay Information

  11. Women, Work and Household Electrification in Rural India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    hand, to the extent that electricity would substitute for other rural energy sources, it would their chores. In addition, the principal end-use of energy in rural India is cook- r i 1 i i~ t \\, Women technologies and women in dev- elopment. For instance, a UNIDO working group on rural energy requirements

  12. Scaling Up Primary Education Services in Rural India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scaling Up Primary Education Services in Rural India Nirupam Bajpai, Ravindra H. Dholakia and Sustainable Development The Earth Institute at Columbia University www.earth.columbia.edu #12;Scaling up attempt to address two key questions in this paper: 1) In terms of state-wide scaling up of rural services

  13. Scaling Up Primary Health Services in Rural India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scaling Up Primary Health Services in Rural India Nirupam Bajpai, Ravindra H. Dholakia and Jeffrey and Sustainable Development The Earth Institute at Columbia University www.earth.columbia.edu #12;Scaling up Abstract We attempt to address two key questions in this paper: 1) In terms of state-wide scaling up

  14. Land-incentivized joint ventures for infrastructure development in India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hingorani, Pritika

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Over the next 20 years, it is projected that India will make the transition from a primarily rural economy to one in which more than half of its 1.1 billion strong population will live in urban areas. As this demographic ...

  15. Daily and Long Term Variations of Out-Door Gamma Dose Rate in Khorasan Province, Iran

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Toossi, M. T. Bahreyni; Bayani, SH. [Environmental dosimetery laboratory, Medical Physics Research Center, Mashad University of Medical Sciences, Mashad (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2008-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

    In Iran before 1996, only a few hot spots had been identified, no systematic study had been envisaged. Since then preparation of out-door environmental gamma radiation map of Iran was defined as a long term goal in our center, at the same time simultaneous monitoring of outdoor gamma level in Khorasan was also proposed. A Rados area monitoring system (AAM-90) including 10 intelligent RD-02 detector and all associated components were purchased. From 2003 gradually seven stations have been setup in Khorasan. For all seven stations monthly average and one hour daily average on four time intervals have been computed. Statistically no significant differences have been observed. This is also true for monthly averages. The overall average dose rate for present seven stations varies from 0.11 {mu}Sv{center_dot}h{sup -1} for Ferdows, to 0.04 {mu}Sv{center_dot}h{sup -1} for Dargaz. Based on our data, 50 minutes sample in any time interval is an accurate sample size to estimate out door Gamma dose rate.

  16. U.S.-India STEM Education and Research Collaboration: STEM Faculty Training at Higher Education Institutions in India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pradhan, Anil

    Foundation (USIEF), under the Obama-Singh 21st Century Knowledge Initiative, for a pilot project to train STEM faculty in partnership with the Aligarh Muslim University in northern India (see attached flyer Obama-Singh award The Ohio State University is one of four U.S. universities to receive the highly

  17. 2012 International SWAT Conference & Workshops New Delhi, India July 16-20, 2012, New Delhi, India -Conference brochure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Technology Transfer Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Delhi Hauz Khas, New Delhi ­ 110016 Email: kirityroy Foundation for Innovation and Technology Transfer 5. Bank Telephone & Fax +91-11-26521719 6. IFS Code SBIN2012 International SWAT Conference & Workshops ­ New Delhi, India July 16-20, 2012, New Delhi

  18. The New York Times' Framing of Involvement of the Russian Federation in Arms and Nuclear Trade with the Islamic Republic of Iran in 2009-2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bagiev, Artem

    2012-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This study examines the mediated portrait of nuclear and arms trade between Russia and Iran in The New York Times in 2009-2011, applying framing theory as a tool. I used three frames, pre-defined in earlier studies: ...

  19. Finance for Low Income Communities: Possible Applications of US Experience for India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coffman-Cole, Sandra; Du, Minghua; Hattan, Justin; Powers, Shawn; Rubenstein, Sarah; Santos, Araceli; Slupski, Steve

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    benefit strategists in anticipation of India‘s future. Finally, the relationships between CRF and the credit rating agencies are different than those in India. CRF hires investment bankers like Piper Jaffray which bring an insider‘s perspective...‘s investment in the deal. Piper Jaffray, CRF‘s investment banker, utilizes a complex financial model to determine the 3 SPV is the commonly used term for securitization but CRF prefers the term warehouse...

  20. A resource and technology assessment of coal utilization in India

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chikkatur, A.P. [Harvard University, Cambridge, MA (United States). Kennedy School of Government

    2008-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Electricity production in India is projected to expand dramatically in the near term to energize new industrial development, while also easing the energy shortages throughout the country. Much of the new growth in electricity production will be fueled by domestic coal resources; however, there is worldwide concern about increased coal use, as greater carbon dioxide emissions from coal combustion will exacerbate climate change. At the same time, there are now a number of different existing and emerging technological options for coal conversion and greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction worldwide that could potentially be useful for the Indian coal-power sector. This paper reviews coal utilization in India and examines current and emerging coal power technologies with near- and long-term potential for reducing greenhouse gas emissions from coal power generation. 107 refs., 8 figs., 6 tabs.

  1. Climate change and forests in India: note from the guest editors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ravindtranath, N.H.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    approaches to analysis of climate change impacts on forestsimpacts and adaptation to climate change in the forestABORATORY LBNL Pending Climate change and forests in India:

  2. E-Print Network 3.0 - arunachal pradesh india Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Institute, India Collection: Geosciences 4 Enemy Spirits, Allied Spirits: the Political Cosmology of Arunachal Pradesh Summary: Enemy Spirits, Allied Spirits: the Political...

  3. Strategies for Low Carbon Growth In India: Industry and Non Residential Sectors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sathaye, Jayant

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Efficiency Scenario (non-residential sector only) – AssumesIndia: Industry and Non Residential Sectors Jayant Sathaye,and support. The Non Residential sector analysis benefited

  4. Impact of Large Scale Energy Efficiency Programs On Consumer Tariffs and Utility Finances in India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abhyankar, Nikit

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Mechanisms to Promote Energy Efficiency: Case Study of ato improvements in energy efficiency. Energy Policy, 19(10),Deficit through Energy Efficiency in India: An Evaluation of

  5. Environmental Challenges of Climate-Nuclear Fusion: A Case Study of India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Badrinarayan, Deepa

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Vol. 29:129 dom, 94 Kazakhstan, 95 Namibia, 96 and Mongolia.between India and Kazakhstan (Jan. 24, 2009), available at

  6. Impact of Large Scale Energy Efficiency Programs On Consumer Tariffs and Utility Finances in India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abhyankar, Nikit

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    India. Prayas. (2005). Demand-Side Management (DSM) in theEnergy Efficiency and Demand Side Management (DSM). PlanningDemand Growth Demand Side Management Delhi Transco Limited

  7. U.S.-India Collaboration Expands Indian Market for U.S. Technologies...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    collaboration is demonstrating DR technologies in a pilot program involving 167 buildings with more than 25 MW of enrolled peak load in the northern region of India's...

  8. Climate change and forests in India: note from the guest editors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ravindtranath, N.H.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    approaches to analysis of climate change impacts on forestsand adaptation to climate change in the forest sector.ABORATORY LBNL Pending Climate change and forests in India:

  9. Fish ecology of a wetland in the southern Western Ghats, India.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grubh, Archis Robert

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??Fish assemblages and abiotic environmental conditions in a wetland in the Western Ghats, southern India, were investigated from August 2000 to July 2001. Rainfall showed… (more)

  10. We All Share One Planet: Comparative Case Studies in Education for Sustainable Development in India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arribas Layton, Lucas

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    knowledge for sustainable living (Gadgil et al. 2004).wisdom concerning sustainable living has been transmittedsolutions to achieving sustainable living in India will come

  11. Slum upgrading in India and Kenya: investigating the sustainability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cronin, Victoria Louise Molly

    2012-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

    I – Government of India HUDCO – Housing and Urban Development Corporation Limited IoG – Institute of Governance JNNURM – Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission KP – Kamgar Putla LDCs – Least Developed Countries MASHAL – Maharashtra Area Social... -up approaches. The case studies are of varying ages and were implemented via partnerships with differing agents including government, NGO, CBO, private developer and donors. The influence and design of the delivery model upon the upgrading sustainability...

  12. "Are Distributed Energy Systems Optimal In India?" Narayanan Komerath

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .9% 22.5% Petroleum 1,410,000 GWh 34.4% 39.7% Natural Gas 267,000 GWh 6.5% 23.2% Hydroelectric 258 Quadrillion BTUs. This compares with 97 for the US, 40 for China and 23 for Japan. India is far from President. Burning coal is bad for the environment. While "exempted" along with China from the stringent rules

  13. Heritability of anthropometric phenotypes in caste populations of Visakhapatnam, India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arya, Rector; Duggirala, Ravindranath; Comuzzie, Anthony G.; Puppala, Sobah; Modem, Saileela; Busi, Bhaskara R.; Crawford, Michael H.

    2002-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , ANTHROPOMETRIC PHENOTYPES, ANDHRA CASTES, VARI- ANCE COMPONENTS 326 / arya et al. Duggirala and Crawford 1994). Anthropometric phenotypes are influenced by ge- netic and environmental factors, in turn exhibiting continuous phenotypic distri- butions (Falconer... demonstrated that the variation in anthropometric traits such as height and weight is under the effects of both genet- ic and environmental factors (Susanne 1977; Byard et al. 1984, 1985a, 1985b; Devor et al. 1986a, 1986b, Sharma and Susanne 1991). India...

  14. India-Low Carbon Transport | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating Solar Power BasicsGermany:Information IDSDloomis'sTransport in India) Jump to:

  15. Green India Renewables Pvt Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation,Ohio: EnergyGrasslands RenewableGreatwood,Green EnergyIndia Renewables Pvt

  16. THE HIGH BACKGROUND RADIATION AREA IN RAMSAR IRAN: GEOLOGY, NORM, BIOLOGY, LNT, AND POSSIBLE REGULATORY FUN

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Karam, P. A.

    2002-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

    The city of Ramsar Iran hosts some of the highest natural radiation levels on earth, and over 2000 people are exposed to radiation doses ranging from 1 to 26 rem per year. Curiously, inhabitants of this region seem to have no greater incidence of cancer than those in neighboring areas of normal background radiation levels, and preliminary studies suggest their blood cells experience fewer induced chromosomal abnormalities when exposed to 150 rem ''challenge'' doses of radiation than do the blood cells of their neighbors. This paper will briefly describe the unique geology that gives Ramsar its extraordinarily high background radiation levels. It will then summarize the studies performed to date and will conclude by suggesting ways to incorporate these findings (if they are borne out by further testing) into future radiation protection standards.

  17. Study on radon and radium concentrations in drinking water in west region of Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Forozani, Ghasem

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    One of the most important characterizations of social health is existence the availability of safe drinking water. Since one of the sources of water contamination is nuclear contamination from radon gas, so in this research radon 222 concentration levels in water supplies in the Toyserkan (a region located in the west of Iran) is investigated. For measuring radon gas in water wells and springs Lucas chamber method is used. Review the results of these measurements that taken from 15th place show that, only five sites have radon concentrations above the limit dose. To reduce radon concentration, it is better to keep water in open pools in contact with air before the water is delivered to users.

  18. Results of a hospital waste survey in private hospitals in Fars province, Iran

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Askarian, Mehrdad; Vakili, Mahmood; Kabir, Gholamhosein

    2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Hospital waste is considered dangerous because it may possess pathogenic agents and can cause undesirable effects on human health and the environment. In Iran, neither rules have been compiled nor does exact information exist regarding hospital waste management. The survey presented in this article was carried out in all 15 private hospitals of Fars province (Iran) from the total numbers of 50 governmental and private hospitals located in this province, in order to determine the amount of different kinds of waste produced and the present situation of waste management. The results indicated that the waste generation rate is 4.45 kg/bed/day, which includes 1830 kg (71.44%) of domestic waste, 712 kg (27.8%) of infectious waste, and 19.6 kg (0.76%) of sharps. Segregation of the different types of waste is not carried out perfectly. Two (13.3%) of the hospitals use containers without lids for on-site transport of wastes. Nine (60%) of the hospitals are equipped with an incinerator and six of them (40%) have operational problems with the incinerators. In all hospitals municipal workers transport waste outside the hospital premises daily or at the most on alternative days. In the hospitals under study, there aren't any training courses about hospital waste management and the hazards associated with them. The training courses that are provided are either ineffective or unsuitable. Performing extensive studies all over the country, compiling and enacting rules, establishing standards and providing effective personnel training are the main challenges for the concerned authorities and specialists in this field.

  19. Davood Babaei Pourkargar was born in Rasht, Iran, in 1986. He received his B.S. and M.S. degrees in Chemical Engineering from Sharif University of Technology in 2008 and 2010,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maranas, Costas

    -4563, Tehran, Iran; Fax 98-21-661024 2 Professor, Dept. of Civil, Struc. & Env. Engrg, State Univ. of New York

  20. Feasibility of Wholesale Electricity Competition in a Developing Country: Insights from Simulating a Market in Maharashtra State, India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Phadke, Amol

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Prices for the Year 2007-08 Coal Prices Coal India Ltd. , aof coal in Indiaand sets coal prices for most of the coalCoal India Ltd. revises coal prices based on the trends in

  1. Stalled on the Road to the Market: Analysis of Field Experience with a Project to Promote Lighting Efficiency in India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gadgil, A.J.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1991. "Energy-Efficient Lighting in Brazil and India:on Energy-Efficient Lighting. Stockholm, Sweden. Katzev,with a Project to Promote Lighting Efficiency in India AJ.

  2. Should India open foreign direct investment in multi-brand retail : a case study using the Wal-Mart effect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Das, Ashish Kumar, M.B.A. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As India grows, driven by its success in information technology and services, there is another revolution waiting to happen in the Retail sector dependent on whether the Government of India can unshackle the various ...

  3. Can Co-ops Become Energy Producers Too? Challenges and Prospects for Efficient Co-generation in India's

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    -generation in India's Co-operative Sugar Sector by Malini Ranganathan Submitted in partial satisfaction Professor, Goldman School of Public Policy Approved: _______________________________________ Date #12;Abstract Electricity supply in India has not kept pace with rapid urbanization

  4. Feasibility of Wholesale Electricity Competition in a Developing Country: Insights from Simulating a Market in Maharashtra State, India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Phadke, Amol

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    India looking at 2 mt more LNG from RasGas”. August 29 thhas planned for major LNG imports. Minimum flow constraintsbasis. Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Prices India is currently

  5. The Delaware Lahore Delhi Partnership for Peace Invites you to a luncheon featuring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cakoni, Fioralba

    .S. foreign policy. He entered the Foreign Service of the United States in 1985 and since then has served: United States business opportunities in India and Pakistan. United States-India and United States and India and Pakistan. The luncheon program will provide ample time for questions from the audience. #12

  6. Feasibility of Wholesale Electricity Competition in a Developing Country: Insights from Simulating a Market in Maharashtra State, India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Phadke, Amol

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2003). ! 6 th Electric Power Survey. New Delhi: Centralin its 16 th Electric Power Survey of India, estimates that

  7. Regulating reproduction in India's population Efforts, Results and Recommen dations. By K. Srinivasan, Sage, New Delhi, 1995.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCarthy, John E.

    Regulating reproduction in India's population Efforts, Results and Recommen­ dations. By K, St. Louis, MO 63130 India's population growth is a paradox. In 1952, India became the first country in the world to institute a national policy to limit population, and the central government has pursued

  8. Regulating reproduction in India's population Efforts, Results and Recommen-dations. By K. Srinivasan, Sage, New Delhi, 1995.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCarthy, John E.

    Regulating reproduction in India's population Efforts, Results and Recommen- dations., Washington University, St. Louis, MO 63130 India's population growth is a paradox. In 1952, India became the first countr* *y in the world to institute a national policy to limit population

  9. Mukulika Banerjee As India is hailed as the next superpower, do its political credentials stand up to scrutiny?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ? It is evident that India's heterodox policy of a mixed economy of planned economic development interests and weaken institutions. This has been acutely felt, for instance, in the state's policy on India45 Democracy Mukulika Banerjee As India is hailed as the next superpower, do its political

  10. US-India Education Foundation (USIEF): "Obama-Singh 21st Century Knowledge Initiative"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nahar, Sultana Nurun

    US-India Education Foundation (USIEF): "Obama-Singh 21st Century Knowledge Initiative" Award competitive grant from the US-India Education Foundation (USIEF), under the Obama-Singh 21st Century Knowledge Initiative, for a pilot project to train STEM faculty in partnership with the Aligarh Muslim University

  11. Print this article Close This Window EU OKs India joining ITER nuclear reactor project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Print this article Close This Window EU OKs India joining ITER nuclear reactor project Fri Dec 2-billion-euro project to build an experimental nuclear fusion reactor that in the long-run could provide virtually unlimited, cheap and clean energy. The EU's willingness to work with India on a civil nuclear

  12. Assessing Network Applications for Economic Development Sustainable Access in Rural India (SARI) Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gabrieli, John

    Assessing Network Applications for Economic Development Sustainable Access in Rural India (SARI Department of Electric Engineering MIT Media Laboratory- eDevelopment Group #12;SUSTAINABLE ACCESS IN RURAL) Project Pilot Phase Assessment ­ Madurai District, Tamil Nadu, India Professor Michael Best Director, eDevelopment

  13. UNITED INDIA INSURANCE COMPANY LIMITED REGISTERED & HEAD OFFICE: 24, WHITES ROAD, CHENNAI-600014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dhingra, Narender K.

    UNITED INDIA INSURANCE COMPANY LIMITED REGISTERED & HEAD OFFICE: 24, WHITES ROAD, CHENNAI-600014 HEALTH INSURANCE POLICY ­ GROUP 1 WHEREAS the insured designated in the Schedule hereto has by a proposal to be incorporated herein has applied to UNITED INDIA INSURANCE COMPANY LTD. (hereinafter called the COMPANY

  14. India 19602010: Structural Change, the Rural Nonfarm Sector, and the Prospects for Agriculture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    India 19602010: Structural Change, the Rural Nonfarm Sector, and the Prospects for Agriculture. The analytical work was also supported by Integrated Research and Development (IRADE), New Delhi, India for agriculture and rural development can nevertheless be achieved if government policy is supportive of the ways

  15. The Externalities of Strong Social Capital: Post-Tsunami Recovery in Southeast India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 The Externalities of Strong Social Capital: Post-Tsunami Recovery in Southeast India DANIEL P villages in Tamil Nadu, India following the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, this paper demonstrates that high findings have important implications for academic studies of social capital and policy formation for future

  16. NCCR North-South Dialogue, no. 38 India and the Millennium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    , including women and young people 21 3.1 Indicator 4: GDP per person employed 21 3.2 Indicator 5: Employment in India, 1977-78 to 2004-05, in per cent 12 Figure 3: GDP per person employed, India, 1980 to 2008: Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption 34 5 The Policy Approach

  17. Poverty measurement, spatial prices, and public goods provision Theory and evidence from rural India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bandyopadhyay, Antar

    Poverty measurement, spatial prices, and public goods provision ­ Theory and evidence from rural India Anders Kjelsrud November, 2014 Abstract Official poverty estimates in India account for regional--meaning that a more simple poverty measurement regime that uses one common rural poverty line for every Indian state

  18. Far Away from the Forest? Fuelwood Collection and Time Allocation in Rural India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bandyopadhyay, Antar

    . Thus energy policies that address deforestation and rural energy use must account for urban energy useFar Away from the Forest? Fuelwood Collection and Time Allocation in Rural India Ujjayant the effect of reduced forest cover on household time allocation in rural India. We find that costlier access

  19. Developing Financial Intermediation Mechanisms for Energy Efficiency Investments in Brazil, China and India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    · financing, renewables and efficiency, institutional reform, energy access and rural energy, and general1 Developing Financial Intermediation Mechanisms for Energy Efficiency Investments in Brazil, China and India Brazil-China-India Workshop on Energy Efficiency Financing Cross country exchange, outreach

  20. India's Nuclear Energy Program : prospects The talk will begin with a brief introduction to nuclear fission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shyamasundar, R.K.

    India's Nuclear Energy Program : prospects The talk will begin with a brief introduction to nuclear posed by reactors, the accident liability laws and regulatory structure governing nuclear energy, Wednesday, Oct 29th 4:00 PM (Tea/Coffee at Seminar Hall, TCIS Colloquium India's Nuclear Energy Program

  1. Sewage disposal in the Musi-River, India: water quality remediation through irrigation infrastructure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scott, Christopher

    on the river. Keywords Agriculture . Helminths . India . Musi River. Wastewater use . Wastewater treatment-pollution levels, through dilution, die-off, sedimentation and biological processes. These natural treatment sustainability. Hyderabad, one of India's largest cities, disposes large amounts of its wastewater untreated

  2. Potential Benefits from Improved Energy Efficiency of KeyElectrical Products: The Case of India

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McNeil, Michael; Iyer, Maithili; Meyers, Stephen; Letschert,Virginie; McMahon, James E.

    2005-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The goal of this project was to estimate the net benefits that cost-effective improvements in energy efficiency can bring to developing countries. The study focused on four major electrical products in the world's second largest developing country, India. These products--refrigerators, room air conditioners, electric motors, and distribution transformers--are important targets for efficiency improvement in India and in other developing countries. India is an interesting subject of study because of it's size and rapid economic growth. Implementation of efficient technologies in India would save billions in energy costs, and avoid hundreds of megatons of greenhouse gas emissions. India also serves as an example of the kinds of improvement opportunities that could be pursued in other developing countries.

  3. Conservation potential of compact fluorescent lamps in India and Brazil

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gadgil, A.; Martino Jannuzzi, G. de (Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (USA); Universidade Estadual de Campinas, SP (Brazil). Faculdade de Engenharia)

    1989-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We evaluate the conservation potential of compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) for managing the rapidly increasing electrical energy and peak demand in India and Brazil. Using very conservative assumptions, we find that the cost of conserved energy using 16 W CFLs is 4 and 6 times less than the long range marginal cost of electricity for the two countries. The cost of avoided peak installed capacity is 6 and 9.5 times less than the cost of new installed capacity for India and Brazil. The analysis is undertaken from the three separate perspectives of the national economies, the consumers, and the utilities. We find that because residential electricity is subsidized, the consumers have little or no incentive to purchase and install the CFLs, unless they too are subsidized. However, the benefits of CFL installation to the utility are so large that subsidizing them is a paying proposition for the utility are so large that subsidizing them is a paying proposition for the utility in almost all cases. As an illustration of a gradual introduction strategy for CFLs, we calculate a scenario where national savings of the order of US $1.2 million per day for India and US $2.5 million per day for Brazil are reached in 10 years by a small and gradual transfer of subsidy from residential electricity to CFLs. We then explore the barriers to immediate large scale introduction of these lamps in the two countries. Specific technical and marketing problems are identified and discussed, which would require solution before such an introduction can be attempted. Lastly, we discuss the range of policy instruments, in addition to a subsidy scheme, that can be used for promoting the diffusion of these lamps in the domestic and commercial sector. 47 refs., 15 figs., 2 tabs.

  4. Challenges to Development in India: The Role of Education

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gupta, Rajan (LANL) [LANL

    2006-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

    This talk is based on my experiences with issues in development and education in India. I will describe three unfinished journeys: (i) How HIV/AIDS education and awareness lead to a program of 'students as agents of change' through the creation of multimedia presentations on societal issues; (ii) how teaching health to village outreach workers lead to an understanding of adolescent migration from villages to towns in search for jobs and the spectre of alcoholism; and(iii) how teaching health to sex workers in Kolkata lead to an understanding of their closed world.

  5. CLEAN HYDROGEN TECHNOLOGY FOR 3-WHEEL TRANSPORTATION IN INDIA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Krishna Sapru

    2005-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Hydrogen is a clean burning, non-polluting transportation fuel. It is also a renewable energy carrier that can be produced from non-fossil fuel resources such as solar, wind and biomass. Utilizing hydrogen as an alternative fuel for vehicles will diversify the resources of energy, and reduce dependence on oil in the transportation sector. Additionally, clean burning hydrogen fuel will also alleviate air pollution that is a very severe problem in many parts of world, especially major metropolitan areas in developing countries, such as India and China. In our efforts to foster international collaborations in the research, development, and demonstration of hydrogen technologies, through a USAID/DOE cost-shared project, Energy Conversion Devices, Inc.,(www.ovonic.com) a leading materials and alternative energy company, in collaboration with Bajaj Auto Limited, India's largest three-wheeler taxi manufacturer, has successfully developed and demonstrated prototype hydrogen ICE three-wheelers in the United States and India. ECD's proprietary Ovonic solid-state hydrogen storage technology is utilized on-board to provide a means of compact, low pressure, and safe hydrogen fuel. These prototype hydrogen three-wheelers have demonstrated comparable performance to the original CNG version of the vehicle, achieving a driving range of 130 km. The hydrogen storage system capable of storing 1 kg hydrogen can be refilled to 80% of its capacity in about 15 minutes at a pressure of 300 psi. The prototype vehicles developed under this project have been showcased and made available for test rides to the public at exhibits such as the 16th NHA annual meeting in April 2005, Washington, DC, and the SIAM (Society of Indian Automotive Manufacturers) annual conference in August 2005, New Delhi, India. Passengers have included members of the automotive industry, founders of both ECD and Bajaj, members of the World Bank, the Indian Union Minister for Finance, the President of the Asia Development Bank, members of USAID, USDOE and many other individuals, all of whom have had praise for the vehicle and the technology. The progress made through this phase I work and the importance of hydrogen three-wheelers has also resulted in extensive press coverage by the news media around the world.

  6. VIII Festival Iberoamericano de Teatro de Cádiz: La América India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reverte Bernal, Concepció n

    1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    evocaba la moda de los ańos previos a la guerra civil. Otro clásico representado por un grupo espańol, con fortuna distinta, fue el Sueńo de una noche de verano de William Shakespeare, interpretado por Ur Teatro de Rentería, Guipúzcoa, con dramaturgia y...SPRING 1994 151 VIU Festival Iberoamericano de Teatro de Cádiz: La América India Concepción Reverte Bernal El VIII Festival Iberoamericano de Teatro de Cádiz ha transcurrido entre el 19 y el 30 de octubre de 1993. Este ańo ha ejercido la...

  7. LM Glasfiber India Pvt Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORTOpenWende New Energy Co Ltd Jump to:Kenersys IndiaLGC Skyrota Jump

  8. biomass briquetting plant India | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:SeadovCooperative JumpWilliamsonWoodsonCounty is aYoakumYuHangeZolo TechnologiesZunilIndia

  9. US-India FOA submission form | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy Usage »of EnergyTheTwo New Energyof Energy8,NovemberUS Tier 2US-India FOA

  10. India-Low Carbon Transport | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat JumpInc Place: Eden Prairie, Minnesota Zip: 55344 Product:India's

  11. India-NREL Energy Activities | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat JumpInc Place: Eden Prairie, Minnesota Zip: 55344 Product:India's

  12. JPRS report: Nuclear developments, [March 14, 1988

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1988-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

    This report contains information concerning the nuclear developments of the following countries: Libya, India, Pakistan, Soviet Union, Austria, Federal Republic of Germany, and Finland.

  13. Essays in Open Economy Monetary Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Castro, Pedro

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Croatia Jordan Denmark Kazakhstan Dominican Republic EgyptJamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Latvia Lebanon MauritiusEgypt India Jordan Kazakhstan Pakistan Russia Tunisia

  14. South Asia Regional Initiative for Energy Cooperation and Development...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    ourwork Country Afghanistan, Pakistan, Bhutan, India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Nepal, Maldives Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Southern Asia,...

  15. India's cement industry: Productivity, energy efficiency and carbon emissions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schumacher, Katja; Sathaye, Jayant

    1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Historical estimates of productivity growth in India's cement sector vary from indicating an improvement to a decline in the sector's productivity. The variance may be traced to the time period of study, source of data for analysis, and type of indices and econometric specifications used for reporting productivity growth. Analysis shows that in the twenty year period, 1973 to 1993, productivity in the aluminum sector increased by 0.8% per annum. An econometric analysis reveals that technical progress in India's cement sector has been biased towards the use of energy and capital, while it has been material and labor saving. The increase in productivity was mainly driven by a period of progress between 1983 and 1991 following partial decontrol of the cement sector in 1982. The authors examine the current changes in structure and energy efficiency in the sector. Their analysis shows that the Indian cement sector is moving towards world-best technology, which will result in fewer carbon emissions and more efficient energy use. However, substantial further energy savings and carbon reduction potentials still exist.

  16. India's pulp and paper industry: Productivity and energy efficiency

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schumacher, Katja

    1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Historical estimates of productivity growth in India's pulp and paper sector vary from indicating an improvement to a decline in the sector's productivity. The variance may be traced to the time period of study, source of data for analysis, and type of indices and econometric specifications used for reporting productivity growth. The authors derive both statistical and econometric estimates of productivity growth for this sector. Their results show that productivity declined over the observed period from 1973-74 to 1993-94 by 1.1% p.a. Using a translog specification the econometric analysis reveals that technical progress in India's pulp and paper sector has been biased towards the use of energy and material, while it has been capital and labor saving. The decline in productivity was caused largely by the protection afforded by high tariffs on imported paper products and other policies, which allowed inefficient, small plants to enter the market and flourish. Will these trends continue into the future, particularly where energy use is concerned? The authors examine the current changes in structure and energy efficiency undergoing in the sector. Their analysis shows that with liberalization of the sector, and tighter environmental controls, the industry is moving towards higher efficiency and productivity. However, the analysis also shows that because these improvements are being hampered by significant financial and other barriers the industry might have a long way to go.

  17. Chronology of trap formation and migration of hydrocarbons in Zagros sector of southwest Iran

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ala, M.A.

    1982-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Sixty-three orogenically controlled oil and gas fields have been discovered in the Zagros sector of southwest Iran since teh turn of the present century. Most of the fields are giant, multi-reservoir accumulations producing from fractured carbonate pay zones ranging in age from permo-Triassic to Oligo-Miocene. The most prolific oil-producing zones are the Asmari formation (Oligo-Miocene( and the Bangestan Group (Upper Cretaceous). The available geochemical evidence indicates taht the major source of the oil is the underlying Lower Cretaceous (Albian) Kazhdumi Formation. It is argued that, in the main oil-producing area, the Kazhdumi source rock was not buried to the depth required for hydrocarbon generation until the Eocene, and that not significant oil explusion took place until the Miocene. entry of oil into the reservoirs is geologically a recent event; it postdates the late Miocene-Holocene Zagros orogeny that resulted in the formation of the present structural traps. It is suggested that the development of growth structures during the Late Cretaceous and Palogene could have contributed to some hydrocarbon localization prior to the formation of the late Tertiary traps.

  18. Application of Radial Basis Functional Link Networks to Exploration for Proterozoic Mineral Deposits in Central Iran

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Behnia, Pouran [Geological Survey of Iran, Geomatics Department (Iran, Islamic Republic of)], E-mail: pouranb@yahoo.com

    2007-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The metallogeny of Central Iran is characterized mainly by the presence of several iron, apatite, and uranium deposits of Proterozoic age. Radial Basis Function Link Networks (RBFLN) were used as a data-driven method for GIS-based predictive mapping of Proterozoic mineralization in this area. To generate the input data for RBFLN, the evidential maps comprising stratigraphic, structural, geophysical, and geochemical data were used. Fifty-eight deposits and 58 'nondeposits' were used to train the network. The operations for the application of neural networks employed in this study involve both multiclass and binary representation of evidential maps. Running RBFLN on different input data showed that an increase in the number of evidential maps and classes leads to a larger classification sum of squared error (SSE). As a whole, an increase in the number of iterations resulted in the improvement of training SSE. The results of applying RBFLN showed that a successful classification depends on the existence of spatially well distributed deposits and nondeposits throughout the study area.

  19. Organic geochemistry and source rock characteristics of the Zagros Petroleum Province, southwest Iran

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ala, M.A.; Kinghorn, R.R.F.; Rahman, M.

    1980-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Zagros sector of SW Iran and its continuation into N Iraq forms the tectonized NE margin of the Middle East basin. Sedimentation in the Zagros began in the late Precambrian and continued with comparatively few interruptions until the Pliocene, when strong earth movements affected the area and gave rise to the present day large, elongated NW-SE trending structures. Some of the world's largest structurally-controlled oil fields are located in the Zagros. The most productive pay zone is the Oligo-Miocene Asmari Formation, although significant oil pools are present also in the Cenomanian-Turonian Sarvak limestone and in the Neocomian-Jurassic Khami Group carbonates. Recently, large gas deposits have been discovered in the Permo-Triassic carbonates assigned to the Deh Ram Group. Geochemical studies were carried out in five potential source beds of Eocene-Palaeocene (Pabdeh Formation), Maestrichtian-Campanian (Gurpi Formation), Albian (Kazhdumi Formation), Coniacian-Neocomian (Garau Formation) and Silurian (Gahkum Formation) age. The results showed that the organic matter in these formations is almost exclusively of marine algal origin, and that the Kazhdumi is the major source of the hydrocarbons in the Asmari and Sarvak reservoirs. The origin of the hydrocarbons in the Khami and Deh Ram reservoirs is at present speculative. 19 figures, 1 table.

  20. Econometric study of an oil-exporting country: the case of Iran

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heiat, A.

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The main objective of this study is to contribute toward an analytical and empirical work on the oil-based developing economy of Iran. It focuses on the aggregate behavior of the Iranian economy through a simple linear econometric model. After a survey of the literature on the theoretical framework of macroeconomic models for the developing countries in general, and for the oil-exporting developing countries in particular, a linear econometric model for the Iranian economy if formulated and its logical and economic aspects are explained. The proposed model consists of basic consumption, production, foreign trade, and employment relationship. Results obtained from the estimation of the consumption functions seem to indicate that the aggregate Iranian consumption behavior can be best explained by Fiedman's Permanent Income Hypothesis. In general, the results of this study demonstrate that the links between different sectors of the Iranian economy are very weak and the import-substitution strategy of the government during the period of study failed to establish a genuine domestic industrial base and to reduce its dependence on foreign resources.

  1. Effect of oil revenue on the fertility pattern in Iran, 1952-1976

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nassirpour, M.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Counter to expectation based on the experience of developed nations, in Iran the increase of oil revenue from 1952 to 1975 was not accompanied by a decline in the fertility rate. To identify possible determinants of fertility behavior, the following hypotheses were tested: 1) developmental factors such as urbanization, high school or higher education of females, types of occupation and female labor force participation, have a direct negative impact; 2) the developmental variables have an indirect negative effect on fertility through the mean age at first marriage; 3) mean age at first marriage has a direct negative effect on fertility; and 4) in the provinces (Central, Khuzestan, Esfahan, E. Azarbijan) where large amounts of oil revenue was allocated, the fertility rate is lower than the fertility rate in other provinces where small amounts of oil revenue were distributed. Among developmental variables, high school and college education of females aged 15-29 as well as mean age at first marriage of females, or, lower proportion of married females age 20-24 were found to be important factors in depressing the fertility rate.

  2. India Solar Resource Data: Enhanced Data for Accelerated Deployment (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Identifying potential locations for solar photovoltaic (PV) and concentrating solar power (CSP) projects requires an understanding of the underlying solar resource. Under a bilateral partnership between the United States and India - the U.S.-India Energy Dialogue - the National Renewable Energy Laboratory has updated Indian solar data and maps using data provided by the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) and the National Institute for Solar Energy (NISE). This fact sheet overviews the updated maps and data, which help identify high-quality solar energy projects. This can help accelerate the deployment of solar energy in India.

  3. Rainfall trends in India and their impact on soil erosion and land management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pal, Indrani

    2010-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

    by increased and more variable extreme temperatures. Intra-region rainfall variability in India is linked to the pacific Southern Oscillation, where the associations of monsoon drought and El-Nińo Southern Oscillation (ENSO) in the regions near to coast...

  4. SOIL MOISTURE RETENTION CHARACTERISTICS AND HYDRAULIC CONDUCTIVITY FOR DIFFERENT AREAS IN INDIA IN SELECTED STATES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kumar, C.P.

    SOIL MOISTURE RETENTION CHARACTERISTICS AND HYDRAULIC CONDUCTIVITY FOR DIFFERENT AREAS IN INDIA systems require knowledge of the relationships between soil moisture content (), soil water pressure (h) and unsaturated hydraulic conductivity (K). This study involved field and laboratory determination of soil

  5. Women as Policy Makers: Evidence from a Randomized Policy Experiment in India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raghabednra Chattopadhyay

    2007-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

    This data set uses political reservations for women in India to study the impact of women's leadership on policy decisions. Using a dataset we collected on 265 village councils in West Bengal and Rajasthan, we compare the ...

  6. "When the saints go marching in" : sadhus in democratic politics in late 20th century India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pradhan, Rajesh Kumar

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This empirical study examines the political significance of religious leaders-known commonly as sadhus-in a huge and mature democracy like India. During the late '80s and the '90s, a flurry of sadhu activism coincided with ...

  7. Political Economy of Compensatory Conservation: A Case Study of proposed Omkareshwar National Park Complex, India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goel, Abhineety

    2013-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Proposed Omkareshwar National Park Complex (ONPC), is a planned park in Madhya Pradesh (central India) that is being designed as a compensatory conservation plan to overcome the loss of wildlife and forest by the construction and submergence from...

  8. We All Share One Planet: Comparative Case Studies in Education for Sustainable Development in India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arribas Layton, Lucas

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2006 Beely, Fergus (2007). Planet Earth: The Future, EpisodeNeed to Learn to Save the planet. Journal of Education forNumber 1 Kamdar, Mira (2007). Planet India: How the Fastest-

  9. Justification of village scale photovoltaic powered electrodialysis desalination systems for rural India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Natasha C. (Natasha Catherine)

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis justifies photovoltaic (PV)-powered electrodialysis (ED) as an energy and cost-effective means of desalinating groundwater in rural India and presents the design requirements for a village-level system. Saline ...

  10. Environmental Challenges of Climate-Nuclear Fusion: A Case Study of India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Badrinarayan, Deepa

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    agreements absent a nuclear liability law. 128. See Lahiri,India to adopt a nuclear liability law as a precondition fortheir nuclear JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL LAW [Vol. 29:129 ergy

  11. Managing political risk through increased local participation : innovations in water sector PSP from Tirupur, India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Michael D. (Michael David)

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Using primary data from an innovative water project in Tirupur, India with findings from two well-documented water projects in Latin America, this thesis asks: How might greater equity participation and decision-making ...

  12. The variability of methane, nitrous oxide and sulfur hexafluoride in Northeast India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chatterjee, A.

    High-frequency atmospheric measurements of methane (CH[subscript 4]), nitrous oxide (N[subscript 2]O) and sulfur hexafluoride (SF[subscript 6]) from Darjeeling, India are presented from December 2011 (CH[subscript 4])/March ...

  13. Yellow helmets : work and worth of women workers on construction sites in northern India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suri, Sabina, 1973-

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The participation of women in the building sector is an exception rather than a rule. Inmost countries of the world the building industry is almost exclusively the domain of men. In India a large number of women are actively ...

  14. English Heart, Hindi Heartland: The Political Life of Literature in India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sadana, Rashmi

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2 He will also have Amartya Sen’s The Argumentative In- dianface of modern India, Amartya Sen is working on something.also English, as secular Sen, Amartya, 3 Seth, Vikram, 63,

  15. Divine Innovation: Religion and Service Provision by Religious Organizations in India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iyer, Sriya; Velu, Chander; Xue, Jun; Chakravarty, Tirthankar

    2011-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

    has been examining identity more closely using information from developing countries like India (for example, see recent work by Amartya Sen (2005)). There is also a broader literature on religious competition and why economic growth has not led...

  16. Law of the landless : the Dalit bid for land redistribution in Gujarat, India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDougal, Topher L. (Topher Leinberger)

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study examines how government's implementation of land reforms in Gujarat, India informs Dalit (i.e., 'Outcaste') activism for land redistribution. It takes as a case study the Navsarjan Trust (or simply Navsarjan), ...

  17. Evaluating alternatives for housing India's urban poor : design studies, model and application in Ahmedabad

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palamadai, Rajagopalan M

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The study evaluates the three alternatives identified by the (National) Planning Commission for housing the Urban Poor in India: Upgrading, site and services, and housing. The basis for evaluation is the relationship of ...

  18. A study on power assists for bicycle rickshaws in India, including fabrication of test apparatus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hickman, Madeline R. (Madeline Ruth)

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Bicycle rickshaws impose significant physical burdens on their drivers. Used throughout India for transportation, these rickshaws are not designed for driver comfort and safety. Instead, traditional rickshaws are only ...

  19. Trends of population radiation adsorbed dose from diagnostic nuclear medicine procedures in Iran: 1985-1989

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mohammadi, H.; Tabeie, F.; Saghari, M. [Tehran Univ. of Medical Sciences (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In view of the rapid expansion of diagnostic nuclear medicine procedures in Iran, this study was undertaken to examine trends of nuclear medicine practice in the country and to determine the mean effective dose equivalent per patient and per capita. Comprehensive national data covering 93% of all nuclear medicine centers in 1985-1989 were obtained. The total number of nuclear medicine examinations inc teased by 42% during these years. The relative frequency of thyroid investigations was 84% followed by liver/spleen and bone procedures (7% and 6%, respectively). {sup 99m}Tc was the radionuclide of choice for 86% of investigation while {sup 131}I alone accounted for 59% of collective effective dose equivalent. The annual average number of nuclear medicine procedures per 1,000 people was 1.9. For the thyroid, the highest number (48%) of patients investigated was in the 15-29 y age group and the lowest (3%) was in the >64 y age group. The male to female ratio of thyroid and cardiac patient was 0.18 and 3.64, respectively. The numbers of males and females studied for the remaining eight procedures were less frequent and about the same. The mean effective dose equivalent per patient and per capita was about 4.3 mSv and 8 {mu}Sv, respectively. {sup 131}I was responsible for most of collective effective dose equivalent produced by nuclear medicine. Therefore, future efforts should be concentrated on dose reduction for diagnostic {sup 131}I tests.

  20. Lead and other trace metals in preeclampsia: A case-control study in Tehran, Iran

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vigeh, Mohsen [Department of Public Health, Graduate School of Medicine, University of Tokyo, Hongo Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo (Japan); Yokoyama, Kazuhito [Department of Public Health and Occupational Medicine, Mie University Graduate School of Medicine, 2-174 Edobashi, Tsu-shi, Mie 514-8507 (Japan)]. E-mail: kazuhito@doc.medic.mie-u.ac.jp; Ramezanzadeh, Fateme [Vali-e-Asr Reproductive Health Research Center, Faculty of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Imam Complex Hospitals, Keshavarz Ave., Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Dahaghin, Mojgan [Vali-e-Asr Reproductive Health Research Center, Faculty of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Imam Complex Hospitals, Keshavarz Ave., Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Sakai, Tadashi [Occupational Poisoning Center, Tokyo Rosai Hospital, Ota-ku, Tokyo (Japan); Morita, Yoko [Occupational Poisoning Center, Tokyo Rosai Hospital, Ota-ku, Tokyo (Japan); Kitamura, Fumihiko [National Institute of Industrial Health, Kawasaki-shi, Kanagawa (Japan); Sato, Hajime [Department of Public Health, Graduate School of Medicine, University of Tokyo, Hongo Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo (Japan); Kobayashi, Yasuki [Department of Public Health, Graduate School of Medicine, University of Tokyo, Hongo Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo (Japan)

    2006-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    To assess the effects of environmental exposures to trace metals on the incidence of preeclampsia, concentrations of lead (Pb), antimony (Sb), manganese (Mn), mercury, cadmium, cobalt and zinc in umbilical cord blood (UCB) and mother whole blood (MWB) were measured in 396 postpartum women without occupational exposure to metals in Tehran, Iran, using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Mother's ages ranged from 15 to 49 (mean 27) years. Preeclampsia was diagnosed in 31 subjects (7.8%). Levels of Pb, Sb and Mn in UCB were significantly higher in preeclampsia cases [mean+/-SD of 4.30+/-2.49{mu}g/dl, 4.16+/-2.73 and 46.87+/-15.03{mu}g/l, respectively] than in controls [3.52+/-2.09{mu}g/dl, 3.17+/-2.68 and 40.32+/-15.19{mu}g/l, respectively] (P<0.05). The logistic regression analysis revealed that one unit increase in the common logarithms of UCB concentration of Pb, Sb or Mn led to increase in the risk of preeclampsia several-fold; unit risks (95% CI) were 12.96 (1.57-107.03), 6.11 (1.11-33.53) and 34.2 (1.81-648.04) for Pb, Sb and Mn, respectively (P<0.05). These findings suggest that environmental exposure to Pb, Sb and Mn may increase the risk of preeclampsia in women without occupational exposure; levels of metals in UCB to be sensitive indicators of female reproductive toxicity as compared with those in mother MWB. Further studies are necessary to confirm these findings, especially on Sb and Mn.