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1

Index  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Monterey Bay Area: Ano Nuevo Long-stemmed and Rossi Square- stemmed Terry Jones and Mark Hylkema INDEX Formation

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

DOE Research and Development Accomplishments Site Index (A-Z...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

A - Z Index A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z A Abrikosov, Alexei Abrikosov, Alexei: Publications activated complex theory of reaction rates adenosine...

3

A-Z Index - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Search EIA.gov. A-Z Index; A-Z Index A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W XYZ. A-Z Index. A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W XYZ. ...

4

A-Z Index - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W XYZ. A-Z Index. A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W XYZ. A. Abbreviations, energy related; About ...

5

A-Z Index - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W XYZ. A-Z Index. A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W XYZ. G. Gabon Country Energy Profile;

6

A-Z Index - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W XYZ. A-Z Index. A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W XYZ. L. Landfill Gas; Laos Country Energy Profile ;

7

A-Z Index - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W XYZ. A-Z Index. A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W XYZ. A. Abbreviations, energy related; About U.S ...

8

A-Z Index - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W XYZ. A-Z Index. A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W XYZ. F. Factors Affecting Natural Gas Prices ...

9

A-Z Index - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W XYZ. A-Z Index. A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W XYZ. D. Daily Spot Prices of Crude Oil; Dealer Tank Wagon ...

10

A-Z Index - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W XYZ. A-Z Index. A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W XYZ. O. Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion ...

11

A-Z Index - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

A-Z Index A-Z Index A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W XYZ A Abbreviations, energy related About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines (U.S. & state) Acid rain (U.S., Census division, & state) Definition Emissions data Overview Acquisitions and Divestitures by Foreign Direct Investors in U.S. Energy (report) Activities for kids Additions to storage (natural gas; includes U.S. & state) Underground, by all operators Underground, by storage type Liquefied natural gas additions and withdrawals Addresses of electric companies Utility Nonutility AEO (See Annual Energy Outlook) AER (Annual Energy Review - report with annual U.S. data back to 1949) Afghanistan Country Analysis Brief Africa - Country Analysis Briefs Air-conditioning, number of households with

12

A-Z Index - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Think of it like the index of a book. It is structured so that synonyms, acronyms, and cross-referencing provide multiple ways for you to access information.

13

A-Z Index - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

A-Z Topics lists topics with relevance to a broad cross-section of our Web site's audiences. The items are representative of popular topics or publications, ...

14

INDEX | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

INDEX INDEX INDEX More Documents & Publications Index2.doc ALPHABETICAL INDEX Topic Index to the DOE Administrative Records Disposition Schedules...

15

A-Z Index  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Demand Response Demand Response Quick Assessment Tool (DRQAT) DER-CAM Design Intent Tool Distributed Energy DOE-2...

16

A-Z Index  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

China Energy Group Climate Combustion Technologies Group Commercial Buildings Commercial Buildings Communications Office Contact Us Cookstove Efficiency and Emissions Testing...

17

A-Z Index  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

BATT Fabrication Laboratory Batteries and Fuel Cells Building Controls Virtual Test Bed Building Technology and Urban Systems Buildings Energy Efficiency...

18

A-Z Index  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electricity Grid Electricity Markets Electricity Reliability Electrochemical Technologies Group Electronics, Lighting and Networks Group Energy Analysis Energy Analysis and...

19

A-Z Index  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Productivity High Technology and Industrial Systems Home Energy Saver for Consumers Home Energy Saver for Professionals...

20

Parallel Index  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Parallel Parallel Index and Query for Large Scale Data Analysis Jerry Chou Kesheng Wu Oliver Rübel Mark Howison Ji Qiang Prabhat Brian Austin E. Wes Bethel Rob D. Ryne Arie Shoshani ABSTRACT Modern scientific datasets present numerous data manage- ment and analysis challenges. State-of-the-art index and query technologies are critical for facilitating interactive ex- ploration of large datasets, but numerous challenges remain in terms of designing a system for processing general scien- tific datasets. The system needs to be able to run on dis- tributed multi-core platforms, efficiently utilize underlying I/O infrastructure, and scale to massive datasets. We present FastQuery, a novel software framework that address these challenges. FastQuery utilizes a state-of-the- art index and query technology (FastBit) and is designed to process massive datasets on modern supercomputing

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "index a-z index" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

INDEXING MECHANISM  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A device is presented for loading and unloading fuel elements containing material fissionable by neutrons of thermal energy. The device comprises a combination of mechanical features Including a base, a lever pivotally attached to the base, an Indexing plate on the base parallel to the plane of lever rotation and having a plurality of apertures, the apertures being disposed In rows, each aperture having a keyway, an Index pin movably disposed to the plane of lever rotation and having a plurality of apertures, the apertures being disposed in rows, each aperture having a keyway, an index pin movably disposed on the lever normal to the plane rotation, a key on the pin, a sleeve on the lever spaced from and parallel to the index pin, a pair of pulleys and a cable disposed between them, an open collar rotatably attached to the sleeve and linked to one of the pulleys, a pin extending from the collar, and a bearing movably mounted in the sleeve and having at least two longitudinal grooves in the outside surface.

Kock, L.J.

1959-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

22

ALPHABETICAL INDEX | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ALPHABETICAL INDEX ALPHABETICAL INDEX ALPHABETICAL INDEX More Documents & Publications INDEX Index2.doc State Awards for Energy Emergency Preparation...

23

ALPHABETICAL INDEX  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1 Page of 4 ALPHABETICAL INDEX Key Word Chapter Number 8(a) Direct Awards 12 Advance Understandings 7, 3 Affirmative Action 12 Allocable Costs 7 Allowable Costs 7 Anti Kickback Act 8 Aviation Management 11 Balanced Scorecard 5, 10 Bankruptcy 7 Bonds and Insurance 7, 3 Business Management Oversight Process 5 Buy American Act 8 Changes 8 Claims 8 Collective Bargaining 3 Commercial Bill of Lading 11 Conditional Payment of Fee, Profit Or Incentives 2, 5 Consultants 10 Contract Administration Plan 5 Key Word Chapter Number Contract Work Hours and Safety Standards Act 3 Contracting Officer Representative 5 Contractor Human Resources 3 Contractor Performance 5 Contractor Purchasing System 10

24

DLMF: Index W  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... About the Project. NIST. IndexIndex VIndex Z. Index W. ?A?B?C?D?E?F?G? H?I?J?K?L?M?N?O?P?Q?R?S?T?U?V?W?Z?. Waring's problem: ...

2013-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

25

Nucleic acid indexing  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A restriction site indexing method for selectively amplifying any fragment generated by a Class II restriction enzyme includes adaptors specific to fragment ends containing adaptor indexing sequences complementary to fragment indexing sequences near the termini of fragments generated by Class II enzyme cleavage. A method for combinatorial indexing facilitates amplification of restriction fragments whose sequence is not known.

Guilfoyle, Richard A. (Madison, WI); Guo, Zhen (Bellevue, WA)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Nucleic acid indexing  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A restriction site indexing method for selectively amplifying any fragment generated by a Class II restriction enzyme includes adaptors specific to fragment ends containing adaptor indexing sequences complementary to fragment indexing sequences near the termini of fragments generated by Class II enzyme cleavage. A method for combinatorial indexing facilitates amplification of restriction fragments whose sequence is not known.

Guilfoyle, Richard A. (Madison, WI); Guo, Zhen (Bellevue, WA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

How indexes have changed  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The accompanying table compares refinery construction and operating wages monthly for the years 1992 and 1993. The Nelson-Farrar refinery construction cost indexes are inflation indexes, while the operating indexes incorporate a productivity which shows improvement with experience and the increasing size of operations. The refinery construction wage indexes in the table show a steady advance over the 2-year period. Common labor indexes moved up faster than skilled indexes. Refinery operating wages showed a steady increase, while productivities averaged higher near the end of the period. Net results is that labor costs remained steady for the period.

Farrar, G.L.

1994-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

28

JOM Subject Index  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feb 8, 2008 ... Polymers is well indexed and each chapter ends with a glossary, summary, exercises, and suggestions for further reading. One feature that ...

29

Botanischer Garten Index Seminum  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Botanischer Garten Index Seminum Samenkatalog 2012 Samenkatalog des Botanischen Gartens und des Parco Botanico del Canton Ticino, Isole di Brissago Universität Zürich Botanischer Garten Gartens und des Parco Botanico del Canton Ticino, Isole di Brissago #12;III INDEX SEMINUM 2012 Bedingungen

Zürich, Universität

30

Gradient index retroreflector  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A retroreflector is formed of a graded index lens and a reflective coating at one end. The lens has a length of an odd multiple of a quarter period thereof. Hexagonally shaped graded index lenses may be closely packed in an array to form a retroreflecting surface.

Layne, C.B.

1986-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

31

JOM Subject Index  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 10, 2010 ... Modeling is well indexed and has a glossary and list of symbols which is needed in such an equation rich book. Modelling treats well the topics ...

32

ARM - Site Index  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

govSite Index govSite Index Expand | Collapse Site Index Videos Image Library About ARM About ARM (home) ARM and the Recovery Act ARM and the Recovery Act (home) ARM Recovery Act Project FAQs Recovery Act Instruments ARM Climate Research Facility Contributions to International Polar Year (IPY) ARM Climate Research Facility Contributions to International Polar Year (IPY) (home) ARM Education and Outreach Efforts Support IPY Research Support for International Polar Year (IPY) ARM Organization ARM Organization (home) Laboratory Partners ARM Safety Policy ARM Science Board ARM Science Board (home) Board Business Become a User Comments and Questions Contacts Contacts (home) ARM Engineering and Operations Contacts Facility Statistics Facility Statistics (home) Historical Field Campaign Statistics

33

Program Highlights Index  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Program Highlights Index Program Highlights Index Disposal of Greater-than-Class C Low-Level Radioactive Waste Ecological Risk Assessment of Chemically and Radiologically Contaminated Federal Sites Energy Zone Planning Tool for the Eastern United States Environmental Site Characterization and Remediation at Former Grain Storage Sites Evaluation of Risks of Aquatic Nuisance Species Transfer via the Chicago Area Waterway System Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP) Glen Canyon Dam Long-Term Experimental and Management Plan EIS Highly Enriched Uranium Transparency Program Management of Naturally Occurring Radioactive Material (NORM) Generated by the Petroleum Industry Mobile Climate Observatory for Atmospheric Aerosols in India Mobile Climate Observatory on the Pacific

34

Fiber optic refractive index monitor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A sensor for measuring the change in refractive index of a liquid uses the lowest critical angle of a normal fiber optic to achieve sensitivity when the index of the liquid is significantly less than the index of the fiber core. Another embodiment uses a liquid filled core to ensure that its index is approximately the same as the liquid being measured.

Weiss, Jonathan David (Albuquerque, NM)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

BNL Website Index  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Site Index Site Index A B C D E F G H I J L M N O P Q R S T U V W A About Brookhaven Accelerator-based Science Accelerator Test Facility Addiction Research Adopt-a-Platoon AGS Booster Alternating Gradient Synchrotron Association of Students and Post-docs (ASAP) ATLAS Awards B Badging Office Basic Energy Sciences Directorate Bike/Bicycles Biofuel Research Biosciences Department BRAHMS Brookhaven Advocacy Council Brookhaven Council Brookhaven Employees Recreation Association (BERA) Brookhaven Graphite Research Reactor (environmental cleanup) Brookhaven Graphite Research Reactor (history) Brookhaven Lectures Brookhaven Medical Research Reactor Brookhaven Retired Employees' Association (BREA) Brookhaven Science Associates Brookhaven This Week (Weekly News Summary) Brookhaven Women in Science

36

PNNL: Site index  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Site Index Site Index # A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z # # 3-D Body Holographic Scanner # A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z A Alerts - PNNL Staff Information Applied Geology and Geochemistry Applied Process Engineering Laboratory Asymmetric Resilient Cybersecurity (External website) Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program Atmospheric Sciences & Global Change Division Available Technologies Awards Awards - Science and Engineering External Recognition (SEER) Program # A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z B Battelle Corporate Contributions Battelle Memorial Institute Battelle Offices (addresses) Benefits (Insurance Forms, Savings Plan) Bio-Based Product Research at PNNL Biological & Environmental Research-Proteomics

37

Solar Reflectance Index Calculator  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Reflectance Index Calculator Reflectance Index Calculator ASTM Designation: E 1980-01 Enter A State: Select a state Alabama Alaska Arkansas Arizona California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Iowa Idaho Illinois Indiana Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana North Carolina North Dakota Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Pacific Islands Puerto Rico Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington Wisconsin West Virginia Wyoming Canadian Cities Enter A City: Select a city Wind Speed (mph) Wind Speed (m/s) Please input both the SR and the TE and the convection coeficient and surface temperature will be calculated

38

BNL Newsroom | Tags Index  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tag IndexMedia & Communications Office Tag IndexMedia & Communications Office Newsroom Photos Image Library Historic Images Photo Permissions Videos Fact Sheets Lab History News Categories Contacts Currently Showing News Release Tags Show Tags for News Releases Features Videos What is this? The tag cloud shows the relative proportion of tags assigned to each news release. Click on any tag to see news releases associated with that tag. AAAS (8) accelerators (7) addiction (43) AGS (1) ARRA (12) ATLAS (22) award (100) battelle (8) BERA (1) biochemistry (14) biology (63) biosciences (13) blueprint (2) BNL lecture (1) BOSS (3) bridge contest (5) BSA (26) BSA distinguished lecture (13) BWIS (23) BWIS lecture (21) cancer research (13) catalysis (22) celebrations (4) CES (1) CFN (89) chemistry (61) commercial (43) community (21)

39

INDEX | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

INDEX INDEX Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: INDEX Agency/Company /Organization: Criterion Planners Phase: Determine Baseline, "Evaluate Options and Determine Feasibility" is not in the list of possible values (Bring the Right People Together, Create a Vision, Determine Baseline, Evaluate Options, Develop Goals, Prepare a Plan, Get Feedback, Develop Finance and Implement Projects, Create Early Successes, Evaluate Effectiveness and Revise as Needed) for this property., "Perpare a Plan" is not in the list of possible values (Bring the Right People Together, Create a Vision, Determine Baseline, Evaluate Options, Develop Goals, Prepare a Plan, Get Feedback, Develop Finance and Implement Projects, Create Early Successes, Evaluate Effectiveness and Revise as Needed) for this property., "Implement the Plan" is not in the list of possible values (Bring the Right People Together, Create a Vision, Determine Baseline, Evaluate Options, Develop Goals, Prepare a Plan, Get Feedback, Develop Finance and Implement Projects, Create Early Successes, Evaluate Effectiveness and Revise as Needed) for this property., "Evaluate Effectiveness and Revise" is not in the list of possible values (Bring the Right People Together, Create a Vision, Determine Baseline, Evaluate Options, Develop Goals, Prepare a Plan, Get Feedback, Develop Finance and Implement Projects, Create Early Successes, Evaluate Effectiveness and Revise as Needed) for this property.

40

Indexing uncertain categorical data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract the cleansed value directly is highly desirable. Data cleansing applications often result in uncertainty in Uncertainty in categorical data is commonplace inmany the "cleaned " value of an attribute. Many cleansing tools applications, includingdata cleaning, database integration, provide alternative corrections with associated likelihood. and biological annotation. In such domains, the correct For example, data collected from sensors is notoriously imvalue of an attribute is often unknown, but may be se- precise. As part ofan ongoing project at Purdue University, lectedfrom a reasonable number ofalternatives. Current the movement of nurses is being tracked in order to study database management systems do notprovide a convenient theirbehavior and effectiveness ofcurrent practices. Nurses meansfor representing or manipulating this type ofuncer- carry RFID tags as they move about a hospital. Numerous tainty. In this paper we extend traditional systems to ex- readers located around the building report the presence of plicitly handle uncertainty in data values. Wepropose two tags in their vicinity. The collected data is stored centrally index structuresfor efficiently searching uncertain categor- in the form "Nurse 10 inRoom 5 at 10:05 am. " Each nurse ical data, one basedon the R-tree andanother basedon an carries multiple tags. The variability in the detection range inverted index structure. Using these structures, weprovide of readers and the presence of interfering objects makes it a detailed description ofthe probabilistic equality queries impossible to position nurses accurately. Thus the applithey support. Experimental results using real andsynthetic cation may not be able to identify with certainty a single datasets demonstrate how these index structures can effec- location for the nurse at all times. A similar application is tively improve theperformance ofqueries through the use discussed in [18]. ofinternalprobabilistic information. In the context of automatic data integration, deep web data in the form of dynamic HTML pages can be used to generate relational data [23]. This is a challenging problem

Sarvjeet Singh; Chris Mayfield; Sunil Prabhakar; Rahul Shah; Susanne Hambrusch

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "index a-z index" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Argonne Transportation Site Index  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Student Competitions Technology Analysis Transportation Research and Analysis Computing Center Working With Argonne Contact TTRDC Site Index General Information About TTRDC Media Center Current News News Archive Photo Archive Transportation Links Awards Contact Us Interesting Links Working with Argonne Research Resources Experts Batteries Engines & Fuels Fuel Cells Management Materials Systems Assessment Technology Analysis Tribology Vehicle Recycling Vehicle Systems Facilities Advanced Powertrain Research Facility Powertrain Test Cell 4-Wheel Drive Chassis Dynamometer Battery Test Facility Engine Research Facility Fuel Cell Test Facility Tribology Laboratory Tribology Laboratory Photo Tour Vehicle Recycling Partnership Plant Publications Searchable Database: patents, technical papers, presentations

42

Anatomy of a Rainfall Index  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One particular index has been commonly used to monitor precipitation in drought-prone regions such as the West African Sahel and the Brazilian Northeast. The construction of this index involves standardizing the annual total rainfall for an ...

Richard W. Katz; Michael H. Glantz

1986-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

DOE Patents Database - Site Index  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Site Index Home Advanced Search About Patent News Recent Inventions Technology Transfer Resources DOE Innovations FAQ Help RSS Contact Us...

44

Index Sets and Vectorization  

SciTech Connect

Vectorization is data parallelism (SIMD, SIMT, etc.) - extension of ISA enabling the same instruction to be performed on multiple data items simultaeously. Many/most CPUs support vectorization in some form. Vectorization is difficult to enable, but can yield large efficiency gains. Extra programmer effort is required because: (1) not all algorithms can be vectorized (regular algorithm structure and fine-grain parallelism must be used); (2) most CPUs have data alignment restrictions for load/store operations (obey or risk incorrect code); (3) special directives are often needed to enable vectorization; and (4) vector instructions are architecture-specific. Vectorization is the best way to optimize for power and performance due to reduced clock cycles. When data is organized properly, a vector load instruction (i.e. movaps) can replace 'normal' load instructions (i.e. movsd). Vector operations can potentially have a smaller footprint in the instruction cache when fewer instructions need to be executed. Hybrid index sets insulate users from architecture specific details. We have applied hybrid index sets to achieve optimal vectorization. We can extend this concept to handle other programming models.

Keasler, J A

2012-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

45

Index of /2006_SNAPCollab  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SNAPCollab SNAPCollab Icon Name Last modified Size Description [DIR] Parent Directory - [ ] Agenda.pdf 07-Sep-2007 17:56 9.7K [ ] Lab-UCB-map.pdf 07-Sep-2007 17:56 479K [TXT] RegistrationList.htm 07-Sep-2007 17:56 26K [ ] RegistrationList.pdf 07-Sep-2007 17:56 48K [ ] collab_meeting-8-1_c..> 07-Sep-2007 17:56 121K [IMG] collab_meeting-8.png 07-Sep-2007 17:56 180K [IMG] collab_meeting-9.png 07-Sep-2007 17:56 33K [DIR] hotel_files/ 07-Sep-2007 17:56 - [TXT] hotels.htm 07-Sep-2007 17:56 8.6K [ ] hotels.pdf 07-Sep-2007 17:56 1.2M [TXT] index.htm 07-Sep-2007 17:56 18K

46

prairie restoration index  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Purpose Purpose This is the first section of a "How to" guide designed for those individuals interested in restoring an area of land back to native prairie. To better facilitate your search for specific information, select one or all of the main topics associated with prairie parcel restoration listed below. Index History/Introduction of Prairie Restoration Selecting a Site Starting/Planning Seedbed Preparation. Seed (Amount, Acquiring and Preparation) Planting Watering General Identification (Grasses, Forbs, Flowers, Keeping Track) Burning - Enriching Reference Materials, Burning Permit and Seed Sources Information Identification Keys - Grasses and Forbs Illustrated Guide to Native Prairie Species Watch List for Native Prairie Plants This report was written by Lawrence Cwik as part of his participation in

47

Solar index generation and delivery  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Solar Index, or, more completely defined as the Service Hot Water Solar Index, was conceptualized during the spring of 1978. The purpose was to enhance public awareness to solar energy usability. Basically, the Solar Index represents the percentage of energy that solar would provide in order to heat an 80 gallon service hot water load for a given location and day. The Index is computed by utilizing SOLCOST, a computer program, which also has applications to space heating, cooling, and heat pump systems and which supplies economic analyses for such solar energy systems. The Index is generated for approximately 68 geographic locations in the country on a daily basis. The definition of the Index, how the project came to be, what it is at the present time and a plan for the future are described. Also presented are the models used for the generation of the Index, a discussion of the primary tool of implementation (the SOLCOST program) and future efforts.

Lantz, L.J.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Applied Parallel Metadata Indexing  

SciTech Connect

The GPFS Archive is parallel archive is a parallel archive used by hundreds of users in the Turquoise collaboration network. It houses 4+ petabytes of data in more than 170 million files. Currently, users must navigate the file system to retrieve their data, requiring them to remember file paths and names. A better solution might allow users to tag data with meaningful labels and searach the archive using standard and user-defined metadata, while maintaining security. last summer, I developed the backend to a tool that adheres to these design goals. The backend works by importing GPFS metadata into a MongoDB cluster, which is then indexed on each attribute. This summer, the author implemented security and developed the user interfae for the search tool. To meet security requirements, each database table is associated with a single user, which only stores records that the user may read, and requires a set of credentials to access. The interface to the search tool is implemented using FUSE (Filesystem in USErspace). FUSE is an intermediate layer that intercepts file system calls and allows the developer to redefine how those calls behave. In the case of this tool, FUSE interfaces with MongoDB to issue queries and populate output. A FUSE implementation is desirable because it allows users to interact with the search tool using commands they are already familiar with. These security and interface additions are essential for a usable product.

Jacobi, Michael R [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Lessons Learned Quarterly Report Cumulative Index | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

& Requirements Lessons Learned Lessons Learned Quarterly Report Cumulative Index Lessons Learned Quarterly Report Cumulative Index Guidance Requirements Lessons...

50

XI. Index of Primary Contacts  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

XI Index of Primary Contacts XI Index of Primary Contacts A Aaron, Tim . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23 Aceves, Salvador M. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .186 Adams, Stephen. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .713 Adzic, Radoslav. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .384 Ahluwalia, Rajesh K.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .511 Ahmed, S. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .451 Ahn, Channing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .262, 267 Alam, Mohammad S.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .509 Andersen, Cindi. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .811 Anton, Donald L.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .230, 243 Arduengo III, Anthony J. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .274

51

Solar Index generation and delivery  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Solar Index, more completely defined as the Service Hot Water Solar Index, was conceptualized during the spring of 1978 with direction from a US Government interoffice agency committee which was headed by the Department of Energy. The purpose was to enhance public awareness of solar energy usability. Basically, the Solar Index represents the percentage of energy that solar would provide in order to heat an 80-gallon service hot water load for a given location and day. The Index is computed by utilizing SOLCOST, a computer program, which in addition to solar service hot water systems, has the ability to estimate thermal performance of space heating, cooling, and heat pump systems. It also supplies economic analyses for these solar energy systems. The Index is generated daily for most large metropolitan locations in the country. The definition of the Index, how the project came to be, what it is at the present time, and a plan for the future are presented. Also presented are the models used for the generation of the Index, a discussion of the primary tool of implementation (the SOLCOST Program), and future efforts.

Lantz, L.J.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Prediction of leaf area index in almonds by vegetation indexes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Three levels of scale for determining leaf area index (LAI) were explored within an almond orchard of alternating rows of Nonpareil and Monterey varieties using hemispherical photography and mule lightbar (MLB) at ground level up to airborne and satellite ... Keywords: Canopy light interception, EVI, GMI, LADP, LAI, Leaf area index, MASTER, MCARI, MLB, Multispectral indices, NDVI, NDWI, RMSE, SR, VI, Vegetation indices, fPAR

Jose L. Zarate-Valdez; Michael L. Whiting; Bruce D. Lampinen; Samuel Metcalf; Susan L. Ustin; Patrick H. Brown

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Indexes of Consumption and Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Figure on manufacturing production indexes and purchased energy consumption Figure on manufacturing production indexes and purchased energy consumption Source: Energy Information Administration and Federal Reserve Board. History of Shipments This chart presents indices of 14 years (1980-1994) of historical data of manufacturing production indexes and Purchased (Offsite-Produced) Energy consumption, using 1992 as the base year (1992 = 100). Indexing both energy consumption and production best illustrates the trends in output and consumption. Taken separately, these two indices track the relative growth rates within the specified industry. Taken together, they reveal trends in energy efficiency. For example, a steady increase in output, coupled with a decline in energy consumption, represents energy efficiency gains. Likewise, steadily rising energy consumption with a corresponding decline in output illustrates energy efficiency losses.

54

Site Index | ornl.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Index Index SHARE ORNL from A to Z User Fa A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z This alphabetical index includes links to commonly requested information resources on ORNL's public webservers. Use the alphabetical links below to navigate quickly through the index. If you can't find what you need here, try the Search page. A Accounts Payable Acrobat Reader Software Agricola (agriculture database) Air Quality Conditions and Forecast Airport - Knoxville American Institute of Chemical Engineers American Museum of Science and Energy (AMSE) AmeriFlux Network Annual Review Series ASER - Oak Ridge Reservation Annual Site Environmental Report Ask a Librarian! - email ORNL Library Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Archive Atomic Trades and Labor Council Automated External Defibrillator Locations

55

Project Definition Rating Index (PDRI)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Office of Environmental Management (EM) Project Definition Rating Index (EM-PDRI) is a modification of a commercially developed planning tool that has been tested by an EM team specifically for...

56

Winter_2009_Index.indd  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

OF FOSSIL ENERGY, U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY * ISSUE NO. 82, WINTER 2009 A NEWSLETTER ABOUT INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES FOR COAL UTILIZATION ANNUAL INDEX OF ARTICLES Clean Coal Today...

57

Indexes to Nuclear Regulatory Commission Issuances  

SciTech Connect

Digests and indexes for issuances of the Commission (CLI), the Atomic Safety and licensing Board Panel (LBP), the Administrative Law Judges (ALJ) the Directors` Decisions (DD), and the Decisions on Petitions for Rulemaking (DPRM) are presented in this document. These digests and indexes are intended to serve as a guide to the issuances. Information elements are displayed in one or more of five separate formats arranged as follows: Case Name Index; Headers and Digests; Legal Citations Index; Subject Index; and Facility Index.

NONE

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

58

Microsoft Word - Final Newsletter Index.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ANNUAL INDEX SEQUESTRATION IN THE NEWS .............................................................................. 1 SEQUESTRATION POLICY & TRADING ............................................................... 11 SEQUESTRATION EVENTS & ANNOUNCEMENTS ............................................ 16 SEQUESTRATION PUBLICATIONS......................................................................... 17 SEQUESTRATION LEGISLATION ........................................................................... 24 INDEX.............................................................................................................................. 25 CONTACT INFORMATION........................................................................................ 28

59

index  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Introduction to the C-Mod Experiment Introduction to the C-Mod Experiment Physics Research High-Energy- Density Physics Waves & Beams Technology & Engineering Useful Links 2006 Program Advisory Committee Meeting Agenda, January 25- 27, 2006 Wednesday, January 25, 2006 1:00 pm Executive Session Richard Groebner 1:15 pm Welcome & Charge Miklos Porkolab 1:25 pm Comments from DoE Adam Rosenberg 1:30 pm Program Overview Earl Marmar 2:30 pm C-Mod Research for Integrated Scenarios on ITER Amanda Hubbard 3:30 pm Break 3:40 pm C-Mod Facility and Contributions to ITER Jim Irby 4:40 pm Executive Session 5:10 pm Dinner (off-site) Thursday, January 26, 2006 8:30 am Macro-Stability Bob Granetz 9:15 am ICRF Steve Wukitch 10:00 am Lower Hybrid Ron Parker 10:30 am Break 10:45 am Plasma Boundary Bruce Lipschultz 11:30 am Pedestal Physics

60

Index  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

WIPP Baseline Tool - 2004 Home CRA - 2004 Final Recertification Decision CRA Comments & Responses CCA - 1996 CRA CARDs & TSDs CCA CARDs & TSDs Regulatory Tools The Environmental...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "index a-z index" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Index  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

11 081385 The Effects of Longitudinal and Transverse Driving J. Rosenzweig Bunch Shape on the Plasma Wake Field Accelerator Experiment 12 082185 DOE Presentation 81285...

62

INDEX  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

STANDARD RESEARCH STANDARD RESEARCH SUBCONTRACT (EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTION or NONPROFIT ORGANIZATION) [FOR UNCLASSIFIED WORK] NO. ______________________ (DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY M&O CONTRACTOR) NATI _____________________________________ NAME ADDRESS Subcontractor: Attention: Address City, State, Zip Phone: Fax: E-Mail: Contractor's Procurement Representative [Contract Administrator]: Proc. Rep Title: ___________________ Phone #: Fax #: E-Mail: Introduction This is a cost-reimbursement, no-fee, standard subcontract for unclassified research and development work, not related to nuclear, chemical, biological, or radiological weapons of mass destruction or the

63

INDEX  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

F................................................................................................................................................................ 145 G............................................................................................................................................................... 164 H............................................................................................................................................................... 177 I.................................................................................................................................................................. 194 J................................................................................................................................................................. 216 K............................................................................................................................................................... 219 L................................................................................................................................................................ 221

Doylestown Pa

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

1988 Bulletin compilation and index  

SciTech Connect

This document is published to provide current information about the national program for managing spent fuel and high-level radioactive waste. This document is a compilation of issues from the 1988 calendar year. A table of contents and one index have been provided to assist in finding information.

NONE

1989-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Transportation environment data bank index  

SciTech Connect

In an effort to determine the environment intensities to which shipping containers will be exposed, a ''Data Bank'' of environmental information has been established by Sandia Laboratories, Division 1285 for the ERDA Division of Environmental Control Technology. This document is an index which can be used to request data of interest. (auth)

Davidson, C.A.; Foley, J.T.

1976-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Optimal deployment of solar index  

SciTech Connect

There is a growing trend, generally caused by state-specific renewable portfolio standards, to increase the importance of renewable electricity generation within generation portfolios. While RPS assist with determining the composition of generation they do not, for the most part, dictate the location of generation. Using data from various public sources, the authors create an optimal index for solar deployment. (author)

Croucher, Matt

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

67

Microsoft Word - CBS News Index  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Building Science Newsletter Index Building Science Newsletter Index All CBS Newsletters that are in print are also available on the web at: http://eetd.lbl.gov/cbs/newsletter/CBSNews.html Articles are listed here by title in the order they appear. Summer 1998 (This is the final issue. See new EETD Newsletter, beginning Spring 99.) Reducing the Federal Energy Bill - Berkeley Lab's Work with the Federal Energy Management Program. (Allan Chen, p.1.) News from the DC Office: Regional Builder Option Packages: A Simplified Guide for Constructing Energy Star Homes (Donald Mauritz, p.3.) A Survey: Indoor Air Quality in Schools. (Joan Daisey and William Angell, p. 4.) International Energy-Efficiency Standards. (Mirka Della Cava, p.5.) Energy Plus: The Merger of BLAST and DOE-2. (Dru Crawley, p.6.)

68

Indexes to Nuclear Regulatory Commission Issuances, July--December 1993. Volume 38, Index 2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Digests and indexes for issuances of the Commission (CLI), the Atomic Safety and Licensing Board Panel (LBP), the Administrative Law Judges (ALJ), the Directors` Decisions (DD), and the Denials of Petitions for Rulemaking (DPRM) are presented in this document. These digests and indexes are intended to serve as a guide to the issuances. These information elements are displayed in one or more of five separate formats arranged as follows: Case Name Index; Digests and Headers; Legal Citations Index; Subject Index, and Facility Index.

Not Available

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Comparison of Spectral Index Determinations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The index $n$ of a power law power spectrum of primordial density fluctuations, $P(k) \\propto k^n$, has been estimated using many different techniques. The most precise compare the COBE DMR large angular scale $\\Delta T$ to the amplitude of the large scale structure, but these are also the most model-dependent. The COBE DMR $\\Delta T$ has also been compared to the degree-scale $\\Delta T$ from several experiments. And finally, a relatively model-independent value of $n$ can derived from the COBE data alone, but the small range of angular scales covered by COBE limits the precision of these methods.

Edward L. Wright

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Global Vegetation Data: Leaf Area Index  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Leaf Area Index Data Available The ORNL DAAC announces the availability of a global data set containing approximately 1000 estimates of leaf area index (LAI) for a variety of...

71

High index contrast platform for silicon photonics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis focuses on silicon-based high index contrast (HIC) photonics. In addition to mature fiber optics or low index contrast (LIC) platform, which is often referred to as Planar Lightwave Cirrcuit (PLC) or Silica ...

Akiyama, Shoji, 1972-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

UV Index Widget | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Description The UV Index Widget displays the ultraviolet (UV) Index providing a daily forecast of the expected risk of overexposure to the sun for a user-specified area of interest...

73

Ardour Global Indexes LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Zip 10016 Product New-York based company that manages the Ardour Global Indexes, a set of alternative energy financial indicators. References Ardour Global Indexes LLC1 LinkedIn...

74

Indexing Flower Patent Images Using Domain Knowledge  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors describe a new approach to indexing a specialized database using the color and spatial domain knowledge available for the database. They illustrate their approach by using it to solve the problem of indexing flower images when searching a ...

Madirakshi Das; R. Manmatha; Edward M. Riseman

1999-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

COMPOSITE INDEX OF HANFORD ENGINEERING STANDARDS  

SciTech Connect

Hanford Atomic Production Operation composite index refers to subjects contained in the nine handbooks and manuals published under the Hanford Engineering Standard Program. This index is described in TID-4100(Suppl.). (N.W.R.)

1963-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Parallelizing an Index Generator for Desktop Search  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

combination of search terms. The search uses an inverted index that lists the files in which a given term in a given document. Should a term be entered into the index every time it is found, or should the term a term has been looked up in the index, a search must check whether the pair (term, filename) had been

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

77

Department of Energy Standards Index  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

TSL-1-2002 TSL-1-2002 December 2002 Superseding DOE-TSL-1-99 May 1999 DOE TECHNICAL STANDARDS LIST DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY STANDARDS INDEX U.S. Department of Energy AREA SDMP Washington, D.C. 20585 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. This document has been reproduced from the best available copy. Available to DOE and DOE contractors from ES&H Technical Information Services, U.S. Department of Energy, (800) 473-4375, fax: (301) 903-9823. Available to the public from the U.S. Department of Commerce, Technology Administration, National Technical Information Service, Springfield, VA 22161; (703) 605-6000. DOE-TSL-1-2002 iii FOREWORD 1. This Department of Energy (DOE) Technical Standards list (TSL) has been prepared by the Office of Nuclear and Facility Safety Policy (EH-53) on the basis of currently available technical information.

78

Schoenberg, Chang, Pompa, Woods, Xu. Burning Index. 1 RH: Burning index in Los Angeles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Schoenberg, Chang, Pompa, Woods, Xu. Burning Index. 1 RH: Burning index in Los Angeles A Critical Assessment of the Burning Index in Los Angeles County, California Frederic Paik SchoenbergA,E , Chien: The effectiveness of the Burning Index (BI) in predicting wildfire ac- tivity is assessed using 25 years of area

Schoenberg, Frederic Paik (Rick)

79

Schoenberg, Chang, Keeley, Pompa, Woods, Xu. Burning Index. 1 RH: Burning index in Los Angeles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Schoenberg, Chang, Keeley, Pompa, Woods, Xu. Burning Index. 1 RH: Burning index in Los Angeles A Critical Assessment of the Burning Index in Los Angeles County, California Frederic Paik Schoenberg: The effectiveness of the Burning Index (BI) in predicting wildfire ac- tivity is assessed using 25 years of area

Schoenberg, Frederic Paik (Rick)

80

Construction Price Indexes | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Price Indexes Price Indexes BusinessUSA Data/Tools Apps Challenges Let's Talk BusinessUSA You are here Data.gov » Communities » BusinessUSA » Data Construction Price Indexes Dataset Summary Description The Construction Price Indexes provide price indexes for single-family houses sold and for single-family houses under construction. The houses sold index incorporates the value of the land and is available quarterly at the national level and annually by region. The indexes for houses under construction are available monthly at the national level. The indexes are based on data funded by HUD and collected in the Survey of Construction (SOC). Tags {Laspeyres,Constant,Quality,Paasche,Output,Deflator,Fisher,Ideal,Index,absorption,apartment,authorized,authorization,build,building,built,characteristic,completed,completion,construction,contract,contractor,cost,development,dwelling,economic,existing,expenditures,family,financing,finished,floor,home,house,houses,housing,hud,indicator,index,issue,issuing,living,manufactured,market,metropolitan,microdata,month,multifamily,multiple,new,nonresidential,occupancy,occupants,occupied,office,one-unit,owner,permanent,permit,permits,price,private,privately-owned,public,quarters,rebuilt,region,regional,rent,rental,residential,rural,sale,sectional,single,single-family,site-built,size,sold,speculative,spending,stage,started,starts,structure,timeshare,under,unit,units,urban,u.s.,vacancy,valuation,zoning}

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "index a-z index" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Topic Index to the DOE Administrative Records Disposition Schedules...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Topic Index to the DOE Administrative Records Disposition Schedules Topic Index to the DOE Administrative Records Disposition Schedules Topic Index to the DOE Administrative...

82

Supplement: Commodity Index Report | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Supplement: Commodity Index Report Supplement: Commodity Index Report Agriculture Community Menu DATA APPS EVENTS DEVELOPER STATISTICS COLLABORATE ABOUT Agriculture You are here Data.gov » Communities » Agriculture » Data Supplement: Commodity Index Report Dataset Summary Description Shows index traders in selected agricultural markets. These traders are drawn from the noncommercial and commercial categories. The noncommercial category includes positions of managed funds, pension funds, and other investors that are generally seeking exposure to a broad index of commodity prices as an asset class in an unleveraged and passively-managed manner. The commercial category includes positions for entities whose trading predominantly reflects hedging of over-the-counter transactions involving commodity indices, for example, a swap dealer holding long futures positions to hedge a short commodity index exposure opposite institutional traders, such as pension funds.

83

An index 2F2 hypergeometric transform  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We construct a new one-parameter family of index hypergeometric transforms associated with the relativistic pseudoharmonic oscillator by using coherent states analysis.

Mouayn, Zouhair

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

An index 2F2 hypergeometric transform  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We construct a new one-parameter family of index hypergeometric transforms associated with the relativistic pseudoharmonic oscillator by using coherent states analysis.

Zouhair Mouayn

2011-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

85

NIST Elemental Data Index Version History  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... RA (2011), Elemental Data Index (version 2.2). ... the Ground Levels and Ionization Energies for the ... to two new, online databases: "Energy Levels of ...

2011-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

86

A MANUAL FOR CATALOGING and INDEXING DOCUMENTS FOR DATABASE ACQUISITION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

4432 Rev. 1 July, 1978 A Manual for Cataloging and IndexingEnvironment Division A Manual for Cataloging and Indexing

Schwartz, S.R.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

A Water Vapor Index from Satellite Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method for deriving a water vapor index is presented. An important feature of the index is the fact that it does not rely on radiosondes. Thus, it is not influenced by problems associated with radiosondes and the extent to which the horizontal ...

Larry M. McMillin; David S. Crosby; Mitchell D. Goldberg

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Dynamic maintenance of web indexes using landmarks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent work on incremental crawling has enabled the indexed document collection of a search engine to be more synchronized with the changing World Wide Web. However, this synchronized collection is not immediately searchable, because the keyword index ... Keywords: inverted files, update processing

Lipyeow Lim; Min Wang; Sriram Padmanabhan; Jeffrey Scott Vitter; Ramesh Agarwal

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

A Multiscalar Drought Index Sensitive to Global Warming: The Standardized Precipitation Evapotranspiration Index  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors propose a new climatic drought index: the standardized precipitation evapotranspiration index (SPEI). The SPEI is based on precipitation and temperature data, and it has the advantage of combining multiscalar character with the ...

Sergio M. Vicente-Serrano; Santiago Beguería; Juan I. López-Moreno

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Forest Carbon Index | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Forest Carbon Index Forest Carbon Index Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Forest Carbon Index Agency/Company /Organization: Resources for the Future Partner: United Nations Foundation Sector: Land Focus Area: Forestry Topics: Finance, GHG inventory, Market analysis Resource Type: Maps, Software/modeling tools User Interface: Website Website: www.forestcarbonindex.org/ Web Application Link: www.forestcarbonindex.org/maps.html Cost: Free References: Forest Carbon Index [1] The Forest Carbon Index (FCI) compiles and displays global data relating to biological, economic, governance, investment, and market readiness conditions for every forest and country in the world, revealing the best places and countries for forest carbon investments. Please use this site to

91

Method of identifying features in indexed data  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention is a method of identifying features in indexed data, especially useful for distinguishing signal from noise in data provided as a plurality of ordered pairs. Each of the plurality of ordered pairs has an index and a response. The method has the steps of: (a) providing an index window having a first window end located on a first index and extending across a plurality of indices to a second window end; (b) selecting responses corresponding to the plurality of indices within the index window and computing a measure of dispersion of the responses; and (c) comparing the measure of dispersion to a dispersion critical value. Advantages of the present invention include minimizing signal to noise ratio, signal drift, varying baseline signal and combinations thereof.

Jarman, Kristin H. (Richland, WA); Daly, Don Simone (Richland, WA); Anderson, Kevin K. (Richland, WA); Wahl, Karen L. (Richland, WA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Transportation Services Index and the Economy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Index (TSI), an economic measure of freight and passenger movements, 1 marked the Bureau of Transportation Statistics ’ (BTS’) entry into the company of federal statistical agencies that produce monthly U.S. economic indicators. The TSI consists of three component indexes: a freight index, a passenger index, and a combined (or total) index. Figure 1 shows the freight and passenger indexes as recently displayed on the BTS website. The TSI is the broadest monthly measure of U.S. domestic transportation services and, as such, provides the best current measure available of these services. As an index, the TSI refl ects real monthly changes in freight and passenger services in the United States. After development of the TSI, followed by additional research, it became clear the TSI moved in conjunction with other indicators of the national economy. Cycles of various kinds, depths, and durations occur frequently in the U.S. economy. Of these, the business cycles of recession and expansion, and the growth cycle are of particular interest to economists. The TSI, as presently published on the BTS website, spans the time period from 1990 to the present and covers two recessions. But, extending the TSI back to 1979 allows coverage of four recessions 2 and numerous growth cycles. By comparing the turning points in the extended TSI with other economic data series, it is possible to ascertain whether and how transportation services 1

Peg Young, Ph.D.; Ken; Notis Gary Feuerberg, Ph.D.; Long Nguyen

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Procedure for determining the distribution ranking index  

SciTech Connect

The Distribution Ranking Index (DRI) has been developed as a simple but effective means to indicate the inherent, acute hazards of a material that might be released in a transportation accident. Utilizing existing Dow resources and procedures, it is one of the methods used for prioritization of chemicals in Dow`s distribution related process risk management effort. Seven individual hazard indexes are considered for a material. The values range from 1 to 4 with 4 representing the most severe hazard. The highest value from any hazard index determines the overall DRI. 3 refs., 1 fig., 8 tabs.

Latino, M.A. [Dow Chemical Co., Freeport, TX (United States)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

94

Energy Development Index (EDI) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy Development Index (EDI) Energy Development Index (EDI) Jump to: navigation, search LEDSGP green logo.png FIND MORE DIA TOOLS This tool is part of the Development Impacts Assessment (DIA) Toolkit from the LEDS Global Partnership. Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Energy Development Index (EDI) Agency/Company /Organization: International Energy Agency (IEA) Sector: Climate User Interface: Website Complexity/Ease of Use: Simple Website: www.worldenergyoutlook.org/resources/energydevelopment/measuringenergy Cost: Free Related Tools IGES GHG Calculator For Solid Waste Ex Ante Appraisal Carbon-Balance Tool (EX-ACT) Healthcare Energy Impact Calculator ... further results An index which is a composite measure of a country's progress in transitioning to modern fuels and modern energy services, as a means to

95

UPI: A Primary Index for Uncertain Databases  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Uncertain data management has received growing attention from industry and academia. Many efforts have been made to optimize uncertain databases, including the development of special index data structures. However, none ...

Kimura, Hideaki

96

Drought Index Mapping at Different Spatial Units  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper investigates the influence of spatial interpolation and aggregation of data to depict drought at different spatial units relevant to and often required for drought management. Four different methods for drought index mapping were ...

Jinyoung Rhee; Gregory J. Carbone; James Hussey

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

A Unified Monsoon Index for South China  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A unified index for both the summer and winter monsoons over south China (SC) is proposed for the purpose of studying their interannual variability. By examining the monthly distribution of the meridional flow ? over the Asia–Pacific region from ...

Er Lu; Johnny C. L. Chan

1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Estimating UV Index Climatology over Canada  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hourly UV index values at 45 sites in Canada were estimated using a statistical relationship between UV irradiance and global solar radiation, total ozone, and dewpoint temperature. The estimation method also takes into account the enhancement of ...

V. E. Fioletov; J. B. Kerr; L. J. B. McArthur; D. I. Wardle; T. W. Mathews

2003-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Tests of the lattice index theorem  

SciTech Connect

We investigate the lattice index theorem and the localization of the zero modes for thick classical center vortices. For nonorientable spherical vortices, the index of the overlap Dirac operator differs from the topological charge although the traces of the plaquettes deviate only by a maximum of 1.5% from trivial plaquettes. This may be related to the fact that even in Landau gauge some links of these configuration are close to the nontrivial center elements.

Jordan, Gerald; Hoellwieser, Roman; Faber, Manfried; Heller, Urs M. [Atomic Institute, Vienna University of Technology, Wiedner Hauptstr. 8-10, 1040 Vienna (Austria); American Physical Society, One Research Road, Box 9000, Ridge, New York 11961-9000 (United States)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Index to the AEC/ERDA/DOE Air Cleaning Conferences  

SciTech Connect

A comprehensive index to the papers in the second through sixteenth AEC/ERDA/DOE Nuclear Air Cleaning Conference is discussed. The index will be published in early 1981 and will be designated as Volume 3 of the proceeding of the sixteenth conference. The index has three parts, a straight numeric tabulation, an author index, and a key word in context (KWIC) index. (JGB)

Burchsted, C.A.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "index a-z index" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Validation of the strain index: poultry processing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The primary aim of this study was to evaluate the predictive validity of the Strain Index and compare it to predictions based on the presence of generic risk factors within turkey processing. Data was gathered and a Strain Index Score was assigned to a total of 56 jobs-by-sides at a turkey A job was classified as 'problem' or 'safe' based on the presence or absence of a generic risk factor. The morbidity classification for jobs-by-sides was 'positive' if there was at least one recorded distal upper extremity disorder corresponding to that job and that side of the body and 'negative' if no such disorders were recorded. The Strain Index classified 39 jobs-by-sides as 'problem' and 17 as 'safe.' Forty-two of the jobs-by-sides were 'positive.' Among categorical variables, intensity of exertion, duration of exertion, hand/wrist posture, speed of work, and duration per day ratings were significantly greater for 'problem' jobs-by-sides compared to 'safe' jobs-by-sides. Among continuous variables, the percent duration of exertion processing facility. The hazard classification for a job was 'problem' if the Strain Index Score was five or greater and 'safe' if the Strain Index score was less than five. The generic risk factors considered in this study included repetitiveness, pinch grasp, hand - arm vibration, and cold temperature. The Strain Index Scores were significantly greater for 'problem' jobs-by-sides compared to 'safe' jobs-by-sides. The Strain Index ratings for intensity of exertion, duration of exertion, and duration per day were significantly greater for 'positive' jobs compared to 'negative' jobs. Among continuous variables, percent duration of exertion, production cycle time, and the Strain Index Score were significantly greater for 'positive' compared to 'negative' jobs-by-sides. Two generic risk factors, cold temperature and pinch grasp, were negatively associated with morbidity. As a screening tool to identify 'positive' versus 'negative' jobs-by-sides in this study, the Strain Index methodology had a sensitivity of 86%, specificity of 79%, positive predictive value 92%, and negative predictive value of 65%. The results of this study concur with the Strain Index methodology that exertional demands of a task best explain the occurrence of distal upper extremity disorders within a job.

Knox, Kristine Renee

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Asset Utilization Index (AUI) Guidance | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Asset Utilization Index (AUI) Guidance Asset Utilization Index (AUI) Guidance AUI Guidance090227.pdf More Documents & Publications Guiding Principles of Real Property Asset...

103

DOERS Records Schedule Cross Index to DOE Administrative Records...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOERS Records Schedule Cross Index to DOE Administrative Records Disposition Schedules DOERS Records Schedule Cross Index to DOE Administrative Records Disposition Schedules...

104

Berkeley Lab A to Z Index: S  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Safety Advisory Committee Safety Advisory Committee Safety and Hazardous Waste (Facilities Division) Safety Concerns Safety Culture Improvement Safety Spot Award Program (EHS) Safety Training (EHS) Safety Walkaround Checklist For Directorate/Operations Dec 2013 Salary Ranges and Classification Description Index Salvage (Waste Minimization) Science Articles Archive About the Research at the Lab Science Beat (current issue) Science Beat (index of back issues) Science and Technology Seminars Scientific and Technical Reports (Catalog 1989 to present) Scientific Cluster Support Scientific Conferences and Workshops Scientific Programs Seaborg: Glenn Seaborg's Life & Contributions Search lab-wide web sites Security Access Managers (SAM) Security and You Awareness Program (downloadable slides)

105

Complexity index indicates refinery capability, value  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Refinery size usually is measured in terms of distillation capacity. Relative size, however, can be measured using refinery complexity--a concept developed by W.L. Nelson in the 1960s. Nelson developed the complexity index to quantify the relative cost of components that make up a refinery. It is a pure cost index that provides a relative measure of the construction costs of a particular refinery based on its crude and upgrading capacity. The Nelson index compares the costs of various upgrading units--such as a fluid catalytic cracking (FCC) unit or a catalytic reformer--to the cost of a crude distillation unit. Computation of the index is an attempt to quantify the relative cost of a refinery based on the added cost of various upgrading units and the relative upgrading capacity. A review of complexity calculations, and an explanation of how indices have changed, provide a simple means of determining the complexity of single refineries or refining regions. The impact of complexity on product slate is also examined in this paper.

Johnston, D. [Daniel Johnston and Co. Inc., Dallas, TX (United States)

1996-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

106

Atlas Finding Aid Contents/Index  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Atlas Finding Aid Contents/Index A (1) City & State Atlas A (2) Astronomy Atlas A (3) U.S. Atlas A (8) Geologic Atlases A (9) Environment / Forest & Desert A (10) Historic Atlases A (11) World Atlases A (12) Canada and Russia A (13) Europe and the Middle East A (1) City & State Atlas 1. A (1) ALASKA

Ward, Karen

107

Multidimensional Index Structures in Relational Databases  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Efficient query processing is one of the basic needs for data mining algorithms. Clustering algorithms, association rule mining algorithms and OLAP tools all rely on efficient query processors being able to deal with high-dimensional data. Inside such ... Keywords: multidimensional index, range query, relational database, similarity search

Christian Böhm; Stefan Berchtold; Hans-Peter Kriegel; Urs Michel

2000-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

An efficient CMAC neural network for stock index forecasting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Stock index forecasting is one of the major activities of financial firms and private investors in making investment decisions. Although many techniques have been developed for predicting stock index, building an efficient stock index forecasting model ... Keywords: Back-propagation neural network, Cerebellar model articulation controller, Neural network, Stock index forecasting, Support vector regression

Chi-Jie Lu; Jui-Yu Wu

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Low Carbon Economy Index 2010 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Low Carbon Economy Index 2010 Low Carbon Economy Index 2010 Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Low Carbon Economy Index 2010 Agency/Company /Organization: PricewaterhouseCoopers Sector: Energy, Land Topics: Co-benefits assessment, Low emission development planning Resource Type: Publications Website: www.pwc.co.uk/ Low Carbon Economy Index 2010 Screenshot References: Low Carbon Economy Index 2010[1] "PwC re-examines the progress of the G20 economies against the Low Carbon Achievement and Low Carbon Challenge Index. This post- Copenhagen report provides an update on the progress over 2009." Low Carbon Economy Index 2010 References ↑ "Low Carbon Economy Index 2010" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Low_Carbon_Economy_Index_2010&oldid=3841

110

Applicability of the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) in Index-Based Crop Insurance Design  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Index insurance is becoming increasingly popular because of its ability to provide low-cost, relatively easy to implement agricultural insurance for vegetation types whose productivity has been notoriously difficult to measure and to farmers in ...

Calum G. Turvey; Megan K. Mclaurin

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

ITD Site Index, Information Technology Division  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ITD Site Index ITD Site Index Homepage | Contacts A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z A Account Management Account Registration Form After-hours Support Anti-Virus Protection Appropriate Use of Computer Systems Audio Conferencing B BNL Official Security Guidelines BNL Security Requirements BNL Web Calendars C Calendars Center For Data Intensive Computing (CSC) Change Control Board Change/Reset Passwords Conference Calling Contacts Cookies at BNL CRYPTOcards Cyber Security D Directory - ITD Contact List E Encrypted Email Access Enterprise Computing Event Calendars Events Registration Exchange Email F Feedback Form G H I Incident Reporting Hotline ITD Services J L Labmail Legacy Links Logon Banners M Mail from Blacklisted Sites Mailing Lists (Mailman)

112

Transportation Technical Environmental Information Center index  

SciTech Connect

In an effort to determine the environmental intensities to which energy materials in transit may be exposed, a Data Center of technical environmental information has been established by Sandia National Laboratories, Division 5523, for the DOE Office of Transportation Fuel Storage. This document is an index which can be used to request data of interest. Access to the information held is not limited to Sandia personnel. The purpose of the Transportation Technical Environmental Information Center is to collect, analyze, store, and make available descriptions of the environment of transportation expressed in engineering terms. The data stored in the Center are expected to be useful in a variety of transportation related analyses. Formulations of environmental criteria for shipment of cargo, risk assessments, and detailed structural analyses of shipping containers are examples where these data have been applied. For purposes of indexing and data retrieval, the data are catalogued under two major headings: Normal and Abnormal Environments.

Davidson, C. A.; Foley, J. T.

1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Computer Index of Nuclear Reaction Data (CINDA)  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

The Nuclear Reaction Data Centres Network (NRDC) is a world-wide cooperation of nuclear data centres, under the auspices of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), established to coordinate the collection, compilation, and dissemination of nuclear data on international scale. CINDA is the result of one of the tasks performed/maintained by this collaboration. CINDA contains bibliographic references to measurements, calculations, reviews, and evaluations of neutron cross-sections and other microscopic neutron data. It also includes index references to computer libraries of numerical neutron data available from four regional neutron data centers. Since 2005, the database includes photonuclear and charged-particle reactions.

114

Industrial production index forecast: Methods comparison  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this work is to investigate the suitability of different methods as short term forecast tools. It is studied and compared the application of the Kalman filter method with other forecasting methods when applied to a set of qualitative and quantitative information. The work data set is made of qualitative surveys of conjunture and the industrial production index (IPI). The objective is the attainment of short term forecast models for the Portuguese IPI of the transforming industry. After the previous treatment of the data

M. Filomena Teodoro

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

The Palmer Drought Severity Index: Limitations and Assumptions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The structure of the Palmer Drought Severity Index (PDSI), which is perhaps the most widely used regional index of drought, is examined. The PDSI addresses two of the most elusive properties of droughts: their intensity and their beginning and ...

William M. Alley

1984-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Index of Energy Security Risk | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Index of Energy Security Risk Index of Energy Security Risk Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Index of Energy Security Risk Agency/Company /Organization: United States Chamber of Commerce, Institute for 21st Century Energy Sector: Energy Focus Area: Non-renewable Energy, Renewable Energy Topics: Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Security Resource Type: Publications Website: www.energyxxi.org/images/Energy_Index_2011_FINAL.pdf Cost: Free Index of Energy Security Risk Screenshot References: Index of Energy Security Risk[1] "This 2011 edition of the Index incorporates the most current energy data, including the Energy Information Administration's (EIA) Annual Energy Outlook 2011 (AEO 2011), to provide an up-to-date assessment of the trends having the greatest impact on energy security since the first Index was

117

Implicit Concept-based Image Indexing and Retrieval  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper focuses on Implicit Concept-based Image Indexing and Retrieval (ICIIR), and the development of animproved method for the indexing and retrieval of images. The method involves the development of techniques to enablecomponents of an image to ...

I. A. Azzam; C. H. C. Leung; J. F. Horwood

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Ultraviolet Index Forecasts Issued by the National Weather Service  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The National Weather Service (NWS), in collaboration with the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), now issues an Ultraviolet (UV) index forecast. The UV index (UVI) is a mechanism by which the American public is forewarned of the next day's ...

Craig S. Long; Alvin J. Miller; Hai-Tien Lee; Jeannette D. Wild; Richard C. Przywarty; Drusilia Hufford

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Characteristics of spot-market rate indexes for truckload transportation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the truckload transportation industry in the United States, a number of indexes are published that attempt to measure changes in rates, but no single index has emerged as an industry standard. Industry participants, ...

Bignell, Andrew (Andrew Souglas)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Essays on Weather Indexed Insurance and Energy Use in Mexico  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Indexed Insurance and Energy Use in Mexico by Alan Fuchs AIndexed Insurance and Energy Use in Mexico Copyright 2011 byIndexed Insurance and Energy Use in Mexico by Alan Fuchs

Fuchs, Alan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "index a-z index" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

The Mount Wilson Ca II K index  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is well established that both total and spectral solar irradiance are modulated by variable magnetic activity on the solar surface. However, there is still disagreement about the contribution of individual solar features for changes in the solar output, in particular over decadal time scales. Ionized Ca II K line spectroheliograms are one of the major resources for these long-term trend studies, mainly because such measurements have been available now for more than 100 years. In this paper we introduce a new Ca II K plage and active network index time series derived from the digitization of almost 40,000 photographic solar images that were obtained at the 60-foot solar tower, between 1915 and 1985, as a part of the monitoring program of the Mount Wilson Observatory. We describe here the procedure we applied to calibrate the images and the properties of our new defined index, which is strongly correlated to the average fractional area of the visible solar disk occupied by plages and active network. We show ...

Bertello, Luca; Boyden, John E; 10.1007/s11207-010-9570-z

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

A Rapid Loss Index for Tropical Cyclone Disasters in China  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Disaster emergency response needs rapid estimation on disaster loss. In China it is of great importance to develop a loss index for rapidly assessing tropical cyclone (TC) disaster loss. In this paper, a new composite loss index for TC landing on China ... Keywords: Tropical Cyclone, Disaster, Loss Index, Rapid Loss Assessment

Ying Li; Weihua Fang

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Index structures for efficiently searching natural language text  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many existing indexes on text work at the document granularity and are not effective in answering the class of queries where the desired answer is only a term or a phrase. In this paper, we study some of the index structures that are capable of answering ... Keywords: indexing natural language text, querying performance, wild card queries

Pirooz Chubak; Davood Rafiei

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Generation and Evaluation of Indexes for Chemistry Articles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes AIMS (Assisted Indexing at Mississippi State), a system that aids human document analysts in the assignment of indexes to physical chemistry journal articles. There are two major components of AIMS—a natural language processing ... Keywords: automatic indexing, document analysis, user interface

Julia Hodges; Shiyun Yie; Sonal Kulkarni; Ray Reighart

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Efficient Update of Indexes for Dynamically Changing Web Documents  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent work on incremental crawling has enabled the indexed document collection of a search engine to be more synchronized with the changing World Wide Web. However, this synchronized collection is not immediately searchable, because the keyword index ... Keywords: document management, indexing methods, web search

Lipyeow Lim; Min Wang; Sriram Padmanabhan; Jeffrey Scott Vitter; Ramesh Agarwal

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Scalable techniques for document identifier assignment in inverted indexes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Web search engines depend on the full-text inverted index data structure. Because the query processing performance is so dependent on the size of the inverted index, a plethora of research has focused on fast end effective techniques for compressing ... Keywords: documentID reassignment, index compression

Shuai Ding; Josh Attenberg; Torsten Suel

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

DOE NEPA Guidance and Requirements - Search Index | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE NEPA Guidance and Requirements - Search Index DOE NEPA Guidance and Requirements - Search Index DOE NEPA Guidance and Requirements - Search Index The DOE NEPA Guidance and Requirements - Search Index is a one-stop solution providing you with DOE's Guidance and Requirements documents combined into one file for easy download and use. The compressed (.zip) file contains all of these documents in their optimized and machine-readable format. The file also contains a "search index" that can be used to search for keywords and phrases in all the documents from one search form, without the need to install a separate program. Please direct any questions, comments, or feedback to: John.Jediny@hq.doe.gov Review the documents included in the Search Index as a List or Table NEPA Requirements and Guidance - Search Index.zip

128

Indexed STI Products | Scientific and Technical Information Program  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Electronic STI Products Electronic STI Products Indexed STI Products Print page Print page Email page Email page Benefits of Indexed Metadata and STI Products OSTI indexes metadata and STI products so the information is searchable, allowing users to retrieve relevant results in an effective and efficient manner. Indexing allows STI products to be included in appropriate databases for limited or unlimited access. Indexed information provides a means of locating and retrieving STI products from OSTI databases (e.g.SciTech Connect) and external search engines (e.g. Google, Bing, etc.); Through the use of an alerting system, indexing allows users to identify STI products as they become available; Allows users to determine granularity within data resources; By using authority controls whenever possible, indexing provides

129

DOE NEPA Guidance and Requirements - Search Index | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DOE NEPA Guidance and Requirements - Search Index DOE NEPA Guidance and Requirements - Search Index DOE NEPA Guidance and Requirements - Search Index The DOE NEPA Guidance and Requirements - Search Index is a one-stop solution providing you with DOE's Guidance and Requirements documents combined into one file for easy download and use. The compressed (.zip) file contains all of these documents in their optimized and machine-readable format. The file also contains a "search index" that can be used to search for keywords and phrases in all the documents from one search form, without the need to install a separate program. Please direct any questions, comments, or feedback to: John.Jediny@hq.doe.gov Review the documents included in the Search Index as a List or Table NEPA Requirements and Guidance - Search Index.zip

130

Indexes to Nuclear Regulatory Commission issuances, July--December 1996. Volume 44, Index 2  

SciTech Connect

Digests and indexes for issuances of the Commission (CLI), the Atomic Safety and Licensing Board Panel (LBP), the Administrative Law Judges (ALJ), the Directors` Decisions (DD), and the Decision on Petitions for Rulemaking (DPRM) are presented in this document. These digests and indexes are intended to serve as a guide to the issuances. Information elements common to the cases heard and ruled upon are: case name (owner(s) of facility); full text reference (volume and pagination); issuance number; issues raised by apellants; legal citations (cases, regulations, and statutes); name of facility, docket number; subject matter of issues and/or rulings; type of hearing (operating license, operating license amendment, etc.); type of issuance (memorandum, order, decision, etc.).

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Methods for Indexing Stripes in Uncoded Structured  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents robust methods for determining the order of a sequence of stripes captured in an uncoded structured light scanning system, i.e. where all the stripes are projected with uniform colour, width and spacing. A single bitmap image shows a pattern of vertical stripes from a projected source, which are deformed by the surface of the target object. If a correspondence can be determined between the projected stripes and those captured in the bitmap, a spatial measurement of the surface can be derived using standard rangefinding methods. Previous work has uniquely encoded each stripe, such as by colour or width, in order to avoid ambiguous stripe identification. However, colour coding suffers due to uneven colour reflection, and a variable width code reduces the measured resolution. To avoid these problems, we simplify the projection as a uniform stripe pattern, and devise novel methods for correctly indexing the stripes, including a new common inclination constraint and occlusion classification. We give definitions of patches and the continuity of stripes, and measure the success of these methods. Thus we eliminate the need for coding, and reduce the accuracy required of the projected pattern; and, by dealing with stripe continuity and occlusions in a new manner, provide general methods which have relevance to many structured light problems.

Light Scanning Systems; Alan Robinson; Lyuba Alboul; Marcos Rodrigues

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

An energy performance index for historic buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis reports studies conducted on historic buildings from the 1880 to 1900 era. These buildings were recently renovated and many more years of service are expected. Derivation of an energy demand prediction index was the primary study goal. Texas Historic Commission files were a primary data source to probe the second study goal; definition of data base needs for technical studies using state historic office files. A statistically valid prediction equation was produced which covers buildings between 10,000 and 30,000 square feet in floor area. Buildings from Austin and Galveston, Texas were used in the derivation; thus, these findings are limited to climates similar to those locations. The second goal was also achieved since the file data available were sufficient to support the study. The input data file design provides a proven example for development of a final data base specification. Field audits validated method accuracy and reinforced the starting hypothesis, reused historic buildings are examples of sustainability in action. The massive construction of these buildings furnished 30?% of building energy demand. Also infiltration was found to be a minor energy demand factor for these climates. This last finding supports preserving historic windows and doors rather than replacing them with very efficient but historically inaccurate models.

Campbell, Scott

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Using the NEPA Requirements and Guidance - Search Index  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

the NEPA Requirements and Guidance - Search Index the NEPA Requirements and Guidance - Search Index Step 2: Entering a Search Term or Phrase 1. Locate the downloaded file, right click on it, select "Extract all", extract it to any location on your computer or USB drive. 2. Locate and Open the extracted folder "NEPA Requirements and Guidance - Search Index". 3. Locate and Open the .PDX file titled "Search - NEPA Requirements and Guidance" to open search form.

134

Index of /images/whole.frog/data/masks/animations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Index of imageswhole.frogdatamasksanimations Parent Directory animatedBloodMasks.gif animatedBrainMasks.gif animatedDuodenumMasks.gif animatedEyeMasks.gif...

135

Development and Practice of Blast Furnace Physical Heat Index ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Application of Computational Thermodynamics in Solid Oxide Fuel Cell ... Heat Index Based on the Hot Metal Silicon Content and Temperature Prediction Model

136

Generic Text Summarization Using Probabilistic Latent Semantic Indexing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Generic Text Summarization Using Probabilistic Latent Semantic Indexing Harendra Bhandari Graduate School of Information Science Nara Institute of Science and Technology Nara 630-0192, Japan harendra

137

Index of /~jborwein/Expbook/Manuscript/Graphics files ... - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Index of /~jborwein/Expbook/Manuscript/Graphics files/please_convert/Bert. Icon Name Last modified Size Description. [DIR] Parent Directory - [IMG] bert_p66.tiff ...

138

Index of /~jborwein/Expbook/Manuscript/Graphics files ... - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Index of /~jborwein/Expbook/Manuscript/Graphics files/please_convert/AG. Icon Name Last modified Size Description. [DIR] Parent Directory - [IMG] borwein.j.ct2  ...

139

Index of /~jborwein/Expbook/Manuscript/Graphics files ... - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Index of /~jborwein/Expbook/Manuscript/Graphics files/please_convert/ICM. Icon Name Last modified Size Description. [DIR] Parent Directory - [IMG] chern1.jpg ...

140

Index of /~jborwein/Expbook/Manuscript/Graphics files/ferguson ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Index of /~jborwein/Expbook/Manuscript/Graphics files/ferguson/letterscans. Icon Name Last modified Size Description. [DIR] Parent Directory - [IMG] letter1.tiff ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "index a-z index" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Index of /~jborwein/Expbook/Manuscript/Graphics files/ferguson  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Index of /~jborwein/Expbook/Manuscript/Graphics files/ferguson. Icon Name Last modified Size Description. [DIR] Parent Directory - [IMG] 1.tiff 03-Mar-2003 ...

142

Science citation index information up to 1999 - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Science citation index information up to 1999. Approximate number of annual citations (1990-99): 1990: 45 1991: 50 1992: 50 1993: 60 1994: 80 1995: 80 1996: ...

143

Empirical Analysis of Tortuosity Index of Polyimide Foam for ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To this purpose, we assessed the correlation between such tortuosity index with other structural ... Deploying Carbon Fiber in High Volume Energy Applications.

144

Structures with Negative Refractive Index for Applications in ...  

Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory researchers have developed materials and structures with a negative refractive index that potentially open new frontiers in ...

145

Essays on Weather Indexed Insurance and Energy Use in Mexico  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Multipliers: PROCAMPO in Mexico”, World Development Vol. 29,a Randomized Experiment in Mexico". Yale University, workingIndex Insurance: The Case of Mexico. ” American Journal of

Fuchs, Alan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Regulatory and technical reports (abstract index journal): Annual compilation for 1994. Volume 19, Number 4  

SciTech Connect

This compilation consists of bibliographic data and abstracts for the formal regulatory and technical reports issued by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) Staff and its contractors. It is NRC`s intention to publish this compilation quarterly and to cumulate it annually. The main citations and abstracts in this compilation are listed in NUREG number order. These precede the following indexes: secondary report number index, personal author index, subject index, NRC originating organization index (staff reports), NRC originating organization index (international agreements), NRC contract sponsor index (contractor reports), contractor index, international organization index, and licensed facility index. A detailed explanation of the entries precedes each index.

NONE

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

A Self-Calibrating Palmer Drought Severity Index  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Palmer Drought Severity Index (PDSI) has been used for more than 30 years to quantify the long-term drought conditions for a given location and time. However, a common critique of the PDSI is that the behavior of the index at various ...

Nathan Wells; Steve Goddard; Michael J. Hayes

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Semi-supervised cast indexing for feature-length films  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cast indexing is a very important application for content-based video browsing and retrieval, since the characters in feature-length films and TV series are always the major focus of interest to the audience. By cast indexing, we can discover the main ...

Wei Fan; Tao Wang; JeanYves Bouguet; Wei Hu; Yimin Zhang; Dit-Yan Yeung

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

The Evaluation Index System and Method of Sustainable Uranium Development  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Under the construction of sustainable development index system of uranium, I use factor analysis in the study of the Henan Province in 2000, 2003 and 2006, the uranium resources for sustainable development of the situation. The conclusion is: from the ... Keywords: evaluation index system, evaluation method, sustainable uranium development

Chenggang Gong; Songlin Liu

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

The interannual variability of the Haines Index over North America  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Haines Index (HI) is a fire-weather index that is widely used as an indicator of the potential for dry, low-static stability air in the lower atmosphere to contribute to erratic fire behavior or large fire growth. This study examines the ...

Lejiang Yu; Shiyuan Zhong; Xindi Bian; Warren E. Heilman; Joseph J. Charney

151

A New Empirical Model of the Temperature–Humidity Index  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A simplified scale of apparent temperature, considering only dry-bulb temperature and humidity, has become known as the temperature–humidity index (THI). The index was empirically constructed and was presented in the form of a table. It is often ...

Carl Schoen

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Remote Sensing Of Photosynthetic Processes By Photochemical Reflectance Index (PRI)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Photochemical Reflectance Index (PRI) has been proposed as a tool for the estimation of leaf and canopy light?use efficiency and photosynthesis from remote?sensing data. The application of the index is based on more than fifteen years of spectroscopic studies at the leaf level

S. Raddi; S. Cortes; E. Vicinelli; F. Magnani

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Multifaceted conceptual image indexing on the world wide web  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we describe a user-centered design of an automated multifaceted concept-based indexing framework which analyzes the semantics of the Web image contextual information and classifies it into five broad semantic concept facets: signal, object, ... Keywords: Conceptual image indexing, Content analysis, Semantic facets, User-centered design, WWW contextual information

Fariza Fauzi; Mohammed Belkhatir

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

The Evaluation of Idaho Wildfire Growth Using the Haines Index  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An atmospheric index specifically designed to be related to the growth of wildland fires is evaluated for two recent Idaho fires. The index includes terms related to high midlevel lapse rates and low-level dry air. In the cases examined, the ...

Paul Werth; Richard Ochoa

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Information flow between composite stock index and individual stocks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the strength and the direction of information transfer in the U.S. stock market between the composite stock price index of stock market and prices of individual stocks using the transfer entropy. Through the directionality of the information transfer, we find that individual stocks are influenced by the index of the market.

Kwon, Okyu

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Scalable distributed indexing and query processing over Linked Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Linked Data is becoming the core part of modern Web applications and thus efficient access to structured information expressed in RDF gains paramount importance. A number of efficient local RDF stores exist already, while distributed indexing and distributed ... Keywords: Decentralized data management, Distributed indexing, Distributed storage, Linked Data, Query processing, Structured queries

Marcel Karnstedt; Kai-Uwe Sattler; Manfred Hauswirth

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Benchmarking telecoms regulation - The Telecommunications Regulatory Governance Index (TRGI)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study an index of the effectiveness of the institutional design of telecommunication regulators for 142 countries that belong to the International Telecommunications Union is produced. This index - the Telecommunications Regulatory Governance ... Keywords: Benchmarking, Country-wide governance, Telecoms regulation

Leonard Waverman; Pantelis Koutroumpis

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Technology achievement index 2009: ranking and comparative study of nations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ranking of 91 countries based on the Technology Achievement Index 2009 (TAI-09) (2009 refers to the year in which most of data collection was carried out.) is reported. Originally proposed in 2002, the TAI is a composite indicator which aggregates national ... Keywords: Human skills, Technology achievement index, Technology capability, Technology capability spread, Technology creation, Technology development, Technology diffusion

Anthony Nasir; Tariq Mahmood Ali; Sheikh Shahdin; Tariq Ur Rahman

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Interactive montages of sprites for indexing and summarizing security video  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this video we present a new model of interaction for indexing and visualizing video in the context of security applications. We wish to index security video that contains relatively rare but important events, such as security video taken from large public or industrial facilities (e.g. a nuclear power plant) or exterior home security video from a residential neighborhood. We present a method of indexing video by arranging irregularly shaped icons or sprites into a montage representing motion events or security events within the original video scene. The sprites in the montage are used as an index into the original video. We also generate video montages to summarize video in which motion events are compressed and overlayed in a video of shorter time duration. This summary video also acts as an index into the original video stream.

Chris Pal; Nebojsa Jojic

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Abelianization of BPS Quivers and the Refined Higgs Index  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We count Higgs "phase" BPS states of general non-Abelian quiver, possibly with loops, by mapping the problem to its Abelian, or toric, counterpart and imposing Weyl invariance later. Precise Higgs index computation is particularly important for quivers with superpotentials; the Coulomb "phase" index is recently shown to miss important BPS states, dubbed intrinsic Higgs states or quiver invariants. We demonstrate how the refined Higgs index is naturally decomposed to a sum over partitions of the charge. We conjecture, and show in simple cases, that this decomposition expresses the Higgs index as a sum over a set of partition-induced Abelian quivers of the same total charge but generically of smaller rank. Unlike the previous approach inspired by a similar decomposition of the Coulomb index, our formulae compute the quiver invariants directly, and thus offer a self-complete routine for counting BPS states.

Seung-Joo Lee; Zhao-Long Wang; Piljin Yi

2013-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "index a-z index" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Multi-Level Bitmap Indexes for Flash Memory Storage  

SciTech Connect

Due to their low access latency, high read speed, and power-efficient operation, flash memory storage devices are rapidly emerging as an attractive alternative to traditional magnetic storage devices. However, tests show that the most efficient indexing methods are not able to take advantage of the flash memory storage devices. In this paper, we present a set of multi-level bitmap indexes that can effectively take advantage of flash storage devices. These indexing methods use coarsely binned indexes to answer queries approximately, and then use finely binned indexes to refine the answers. Our new methods read significantly lower volumes of data at the expense of an increased disk access count, thus taking full advantage of the improved read speed and low access latency of flash devices. To demonstrate the advantage of these new indexes, we measure their performance on a number of storage systems using a standard data warehousing benchmark called the Set Query Benchmark. We observe that multi-level strategies on flash drives are up to 3 times faster than traditional indexing strategies on magnetic disk drives.

Wu, Kesheng; Madduri, Kamesh; Canon, Shane

2010-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

162

Determination of Rainfall with the ESOC Precipitation Index  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A validation of the ESOC (European Space 0Perations Centre) Precipitation Index (EPI) is carried out by comparing satellite data with observed rainfall in five African countries to determine the ability of estimating accumulated precipitation ...

Olli M. Turpeinen; Azzouz Abidi; Wahid Belhouane

1987-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Monitoring the 1996 Drought Using the Standardized Precipitation Index  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Droughts are difficult to detect and monitor. Drought indices, most commonly the Palmer Drought Severity Index (PDSI), have been used with limited success as operational drought monitoring tools and triggers for policy responses. Recently, a new ...

Michael J. Hayes; Mark D. Svoboda; Donald A. Wilhite; Olga V. Vanyarkho

1999-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Project Definition Rating Index (PDRI) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Project Definition Rating Index (PDRI) Project Definition Rating Index (PDRI) Project Definition Rating Index (PDRI) The Office of Environmental Management (EM) Project Definition Rating Index (EM-PDRI) is a modification of a commercially developed planning tool that has been tested by an EM team specifically for EM's projects. EM-PDRI Team members represent a number of EM sites, and have already used this project planning tool successfully. The EM-PDRI examines a wide range of project factors related to cost, scope, and schedule, and develops a numerical score as a measure of how well these factors are defined. It applies to all of EM's projects including Traditional/Construction; Environmental Remediation; and Facility Disposition (including Transition, Deactivation, and Decommissioning). If you have questions about the EM-PDRI, please

165

DOE NEPA Guidance and Requirements - Search Index - Table of Contents |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE NEPA Guidance and Requirements - Search Index - Table of DOE NEPA Guidance and Requirements - Search Index - Table of Contents DOE NEPA Guidance and Requirements - Search Index - Table of Contents Return to Download Page The DOE NEPA Guidance and Requirements - Search Index includes: NEPA Guidance and Requirements Documents Issued by Published A Brief Guide - DOE-wide Contracts For NEPA Documentation DOE 2003 A Citizen's Guide to the NEPA - Having Your Voice Heard CEQ 2007 A Resource Handbook on DOE Transportation Risk Assessment DOE 2002 Actions During the NEPA Process - Interim Actions DOE 2003 Administrative Record Guidance DOJ 1991 Aligning the NEPA Process with EMS CEQ 2007 Alternative Actions For Analysis in Site-wide NEPA Reviews DOE 1992 Amended Environmental Impact Statement Filing System Guidance EPA 2012 Analysis of Impacts on Prime and Unique Agricultural Lands and NEPA

166

EIA Energy Efficiency-Table 4f. Industrial Production Indexes...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

f Page Last Modified: May 2010 Table 4f. Industrial Production Indexes by Selected Industries, 1998, 2002, and 2006 (2000 100) MECS Survey Years NAICS Subsector and Industry 1998...

167

Another Look at the Refractive Index Structure Function  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper discusses the derivation of the refractive index structure function. It shows that the traditional formulation, which is based on the hydrostatic assumption, leads to increasing errors with height when compared with a formulation that ...

T. Cherubini; S. Businger

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

An Indexed Bibliography of Genetic Algorithms EvoNet Members  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

s: Jan. 1993 -- Feb. 1995 ffl CCA: Computer & Control Abstracts: Jan. 1992 -- Mar. 1996 (except May-95) ffl CTI: Current Technology Index Jan./Feb. 1993 -- Jan./Feb. 1994 ffl DAI: Dissertation Abstracts International: Vol. 53 No. 1 -- Vol. 56 No. 10 (Apr. 1996) ffl EEA: Electrical & Electronics Abstracts: Jan. 1991 -- Mar. 1996 ffl P: Index to Scientific & Technical Proceedings: Jan. 1986 -- Mar. 1996 (except Nov. 1994) ffl A: International Aerospace Abstracts: Jan. 1995 -- May 1995 ffl N: Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports: Jan. 1993 - Dec. 1995 (except Oct. 1995) ffl EI A: The Engineering Index Annual: 1987 -- 1992 ffl EI M: The Engineering Index Monthly: Jan. 1993 -- Mar. 1996 1.1 Your contributions erroneous or missing? This bibliography is updated on a regular basis and certainly contains many errors and inconsistences. The editor would be glad to hear from any reader who notices any errors, missing information, articles etc. In the future a more complete versio...

Compiled By Jarmo; Jarmo T. Alander

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Center vortices and the Atiyah-Singer index theorem  

SciTech Connect

The lattice index theorem is checked for classical center vortices. For non-orientable spherical vortices, lattice results differ from continuum-based expectations, possibly because of coarse discretization.

Jordan, Gerald; Pullirsch, Rainer; Faber, Manfried [Atomic Institute, Vienna University of Technology, Wiedner Hauptstr. 8-10, 1040 Vienna (Austria); Heller, Urs [American Physical Society, One Research Road, Box 9000, Ridge, NY 11961-9000 (United States)

2007-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

170

B-tree indexes for high update rates  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In some applications, data capture dominates query processing. For example, monitoring moving objects often requires more insertions and updates than queries. Data gathering using automated sensors often exhibits this imbalance. More generally, indexing ...

Goetz Graefe

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

MJO Initiation in the Real-Time Multivariate MJO Index  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Madden–Julian oscillation (MJO) initiation in the real-time multivariate MJO (RMM) index is explored through an analysis of observed case studies and composite events. Specific examples illustrate that both the dates of MJO initiation and the ...

Katherine H. Straub

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Accurate nanofabrication techniques for high-index-contrast microphotonic devices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High-refractive-index-contrast microphotonic devices provide strong light confinement allowing for sharp waveguide bends and small dielectric optical resonators. They allow dense optical integration and unique applications ...

Barwicz, Tymon

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Active negative-index metamaterial powered by an electron beam  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An active negative index metamaterial that derives its gain from an electron beam is introduced. The metamaterial consists of a stack of equidistant parallel metal plates perforated by a periodic array of holes shaped as ...

Shapiro, Michael

174

A Refractive Index Mapping Operator for Assimilation of Occultation Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes the details of a fast, linear, forward-inverse refractive index mapping operator that can be used for assimilation of occultation data of various kinds into NWP models. Basically, the mapping consists of the integration of ...

Stig Syndergaard; E. Robert Kursinski; Benjamin M. Herman; Emily M. Lane; David E. Flittner

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Using the NEPA Requirements and Guidance - Search Index  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

the NEPA Requirements and Guidance - Search Index Step 2: Entering a Search Term or Phrase 1. Locate the downloaded file, right click on it, select "Extract all", extract it to any...

176

A Nonparametric Multivariate Multi-Index Drought Monitoring Framework  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Accurate and reliable drought monitoring is essential to drought mitigation efforts and reduction of social vulnerability. A variety of indices, such as the Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI), are used for drought monitoring based on different ...

Zengchao Hao; Amir AghaKouchak

177

Parallel In Situ Indexing for Data-intensive Computing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As computing power increases exponentially, vast amount of data is created by many scientific re- search activities. However, the bandwidth for storing the data to disks and reading the data from disks has been improving at a much slower pace. These two trends produce an ever-widening data access gap. Our work brings together two distinct technologies to address this data access issue: indexing and in situ processing. From decades of database research literature, we know that indexing is an effective way to address the data access issue, particularly for accessing relatively small fraction of data records. As data sets increase in sizes, more and more analysts need to use selective data access, which makes indexing an even more important for improving data access. The challenge is that most implementations of in- dexing technology are embedded in large database management systems (DBMS), but most scientific datasets are not managed by any DBMS. In this work, we choose to include indexes with the scientific data instead of requiring the data to be loaded into a DBMS. We use compressed bitmap indexes from the FastBit software which are known to be highly effective for query-intensive workloads common to scientific data analysis. To use the indexes, we need to build them first. The index building procedure needs to access the whole data set and may also require a significant amount of compute time. In this work, we adapt the in situ processing technology to generate the indexes, thus removing the need of read- ing data from disks and to build indexes in parallel. The in situ data processing system used is ADIOS, a middleware for high-performance I/O. Our experimental results show that the indexes can improve the data access time up to 200 times depending on the fraction of data selected, and using in situ data processing system can effectively reduce the time needed to create the indexes, up to 10 times with our in situ technique when using identical parallel settings.

Kim, Jinoh; Abbasi, Hasan; Chacon, Luis; Docan, Ciprian; Klasky, Scott; Liu, Qing; Podhorszki, Norbert; Shoshani, Arie; Wu, Kesheng

2011-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

178

FastQuery: A Parallel Indexing System for Scientific Data  

SciTech Connect

Modern scientific datasets present numerous data management and analysis challenges. State-of-the- art index and query technologies such as FastBit can significantly improve accesses to these datasets by augmenting the user data with indexes and other secondary information. However, a challenge is that the indexes assume the relational data model but the scientific data generally follows the array data model. To match the two data models, we design a generic mapping mechanism and implement an efficient input and output interface for reading and writing the data and their corresponding indexes. To take advantage of the emerging many-core architectures, we also develop a parallel strategy for indexing using threading technology. This approach complements our on-going MPI-based parallelization efforts. We demonstrate the flexibility of our software by applying it to two of the most commonly used scientific data formats, HDF5 and NetCDF. We present two case studies using data from a particle accelerator model and a global climate model. We also conducted a detailed performance study using these scientific datasets. The results show that FastQuery speeds up the query time by a factor of 2.5x to 50x, and it reduces the indexing time by a factor of 16 on 24 cores.

Chou, Jerry; Wu, Kesheng; Prabhat,

2011-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

179

The Sensitivity of the Palmer Drought Severity Index and Palmer's Z-Index to their Calibration Coefficients Including Potential Evapotranspiration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Palmer Drought Severity Index (PDSI) is routinely made available by NOAA for operational use, and it has also been calculated across the United States on a historical basis back to 1895 (Karl et al., 1983). Traditionally, the coefficients ...

Thomas R. Karl

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

The Development of a Warm-Weather Relative Stress Index for Environmental Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The heat stress index (HSI) is a new, comprehensive summer index that evaluates daily relative stress for locations throughout the United States based on deviations from the norm. The index is based on apparent temperature and other derived ...

Jill D. Watts; Laurence S. Kalkstein

2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "index a-z index" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Massive-scale RDF Processing Using Compressed Bitmap Indexes  

SciTech Connect

The Resource Description Framework (RDF) is a popular data model for representing linked data sets arising from the web, as well as large scienti#12;c data repositories such as UniProt. RDF data intrinsically represents a labeled and directed multi-graph. SPARQL is a query language for RDF that expresses subgraph pattern-#12;nding queries on this implicit multigraph in a SQL- like syntax. SPARQL queries generate complex intermediate join queries; to compute these joins e#14;ciently, we propose a new strategy based on bitmap indexes. We store the RDF data in column-oriented structures as compressed bitmaps along with two dictionaries. This paper makes three new contributions. (i) We present an e#14;cient parallel strategy for parsing the raw RDF data, building dictionaries of unique entities, and creating compressed bitmap indexes of the data. (ii) We utilize the constructed bitmap indexes to e#14;ciently answer SPARQL queries, simplifying the join evaluations. (iii) To quantify the performance impact of using bitmap indexes, we compare our approach to the state-of-the-art triple-store RDF-3X. We #12;nd that our bitmap index-based approach to answering queries is up to an order of magnitude faster for a variety of SPARQL queries, on gigascale RDF data sets.

Madduri, Kamesh; Wu, Kesheng

2011-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

182

Microsoft Word - 2005 Newsletter Index_v4_print.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Newsletter Annual Index 2004-2005 Newsletter Annual Index 2004-2005 1 SEQUESTRATION IN THE NEWS............................................................................................ 2 EVENTS & ANNOUNCEMENTS ............................................................................................. 20 SCIENCE...................................................................................................................................... 23 POLICY ........................................................................................................................................ 29 GEOLOGY ................................................................................................................................... 41 TECHNOLOGY...........................................................................................................................

183

Indexing STI Products | Scientific and Technical Information Program  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Indexing STI Products Indexing STI Products Print page Print page Email page Email page Indexed Data Fields Field Name OSTI Databases SciTech Connect Science Research Connection Authors x x Availability x x Conference Information x x Country x x Description/Abstract x x Descriptors x x DOE Contract Numbers x x Digital Object Identifier (DOI) x x Full-text x x Journal Issue x x Journal Name x x Journal Volume x x Keywords x x Language x x OSTI ID x x Patent Information x x Product Type x x Publisher Information x x Publication Date x x Reference Numbers x x Related Document Information x x Release Other x x Report Numbers x x Research Orgaization x x Subject Category Code Legacy x x Sponsor Organization x x Title x x Last updated: September 26

184

Site Index: Nuclear Engineering Division (Argonne National Laboratory)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Site Index Site Index Welcome Organization Visit Argonne Work with Argonne Contact us For Employees Site Map Help Join us on Facebook Follow us on Twitter NE on Flickr Celebrating the 70th Anniversary of Chicago Pile 1 (CP-1) Argonne OutLoud on Nuclear Energy Argonne Energy Showcase 2012 Bookmark and Share Site Index A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z A go to top About NE, see also Welcome from the Director Achievements Contact us Highlights Organization Visiting Argonne Welcome from the Director Working with Argonne Achievements, List of - Awards Patents Argonne Distinguished Fellows Professional Societies Nuclear Reactors designed by Argonne National Laboratory Advanced Reactor Development Aerosol Lab (facilities) ANL/NDM Reports (Nuclear Data and Measurements Series Reports and Related Material)

185

Productivity index and field behavior: a case study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study is an investigation of different factors' phics. influence on the productivity index and its behavior. The objectives of this research are (1) to develop an overview of how different factors influence the productivity index', and (2) to explain the irrational behavior of the productivity index in a case study presented. The problem has its origin in a field in north Africa, where irrational behavior of the productivity index (PI) has made it difficult to forecast the field performance. By irrational behavior we meant that the PI ants the opposite of what is expected. Normally we think PI will increase when the production oil rate of the field increases, at the same pressure drawdown. Or for the same well, PI should be constant over time. In some wells in this particular field we can see the P1 increase as production oil rate decreases and vice versa. Numerical simulation was used to simulate the influence different factors had on the productivity index, and to match wellness PI's with calculated PI's from field data in the case study. An overview of which factors can cause the P1 to go in unexpected directions is presented. Finally the theory obtained about the PI behavior is linked to the case study, and the E6incon-ect'' behavior of the PI is explained. It was shown that transient flow and two-phase flow are the two main reasons for the productivity index to decrease as production oil rate increases. It was also shown that dual porosity, non-Darcy flow, permeability changes, formation compressibility, and skin affect the length of the transient flow period and the magnitude of the difference between transient PI and pseudo steady state (PSS) PI. The behavior of the PI in the field case presented is explained by the transient flow effect and bad test data.

Jensen, Marianne

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Indexes to Nuclear Regulatory Commission issuances, July--December 1995  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Digests and indexes for issuances of the NRC, the Atomic Safety and Licensing Board, the Administrative Law Judges, the Directors` Decisions, and the Decisions on Petitions for Rulemaking are presented in this document. These digests and indexes are intended to serve as a guide to the issuances. Information elements common to the cases heard and ruled upon are: (1) case name, (2) full text reference, (3) issuance number, (4) issued raised by appellants, (5) legal citations, (6) name of facility and Docket number, (7) subject matter, (8) type of hearing, and (9) type of issuance.

NONE

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Video Analytics for Indexing, Summarization and Searching of Video Archives  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper will be submitted to the proceedings The Eleventh IASTED International Conference on. Signal and Image Processing. Given a video or video archive how does one effectively and quickly summarize, classify, and search the information contained within the data? This paper addresses these issues by describing a process for the automated generation of a table-of-contents and keyword, topic-based index tables that can be used to catalogue, summarize, and search large amounts of video data. Having the ability to index and search the information contained within the videos, beyond just metadata tags, provides a mechanism to extract and identify "useful" content from image and video data.

Trease, Harold E.; Trease, Lynn L.

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Refractive index of glass and its dipersion for visible light.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The classification of optical glass and empirical relations between the refractive index and its dispersion are discussed in terms of moments of the glass's IR and UV absorption spectra. The observed linear dependence of index on dispersion within glass families is shown to arise primarily from the approximately linear superposition of the electronic absorptions of glass former and glass modifiers. The binary classification into crown and flint glasses is also based primarily on electronic spectra: Crown glasses are 'wide-gap' materials with excitation energies greater than {approx}12.4 eV, while flint glasses are their 'narrow-gap' counterpart.

Smith, D. Y.; Karstens, W. (Physics); (Univ. of Vermont); (Saint Michael's Coll.)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Method and system for efficiently searching an encoded vector index  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Method and system aspects for efficiently searching an encoded vector index are provided. The aspects include the translation of a search query into a candidate bitmap, and the mapping of data from the candidate bitmap into a search result bitmap according to entry values in the encoded vector index. Further, the translation includes the setting of a bit in the candidate bitmap for each entry in a symbol table that corresponds to candidate of the search query. Also included in the mapping is the identification of a bit value in the candidate bitmap pointed to by an entry in an encoded vector.

Bui, Thuan Quang (Alameda, CA); Egan, Randy Lynn (Rochester, MN); Kathmann, Kevin James (Rochester, MN)

2001-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

190

Worker Safety and Health Program Area Index | Safety and Health...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Worker Safety and Health Program Area Index A B C D E F G H I J L M N O P Q R S T U V W BNL's Worker Safety and Health Program Areas were established to assist line and operations...

191

Handwriting documents denoising and indexing using hermite transform  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a new system for handwriting documents denoising and indexing. This work is based on the Hermite Transform, which is a polynomial transform and a good model of the human visual system (HVS). We use this transformation to decompose ...

Stéphane Bres; Véronique Eglin; Carlos Rivero

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

An impact ordering approach for indexing fuzzy sets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose an approach for indexing fuzzy data based on inverted files that speeds up retrieval considerably by stopping the traversal of postings lists early. This is possible because the entries in the postings lists are organized in a way that guarantees ... Keywords: Access methods, Fuzzy databases, Inverted files, Physical design

Carlos D. Barranco; Sven Helmer

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

A Dynamical Index for the East Asian Winter Monsoon  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new index measuring the East Asian winter monsoon is defined using the mean wind shears of upper-tropospheric zonal wind based on the belief that the physical processes of both higher and lower latitudes, and at both lower and upper troposphere,...

Yueqing Li; Song Yang

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Efficient CNG Indexing in Location-aware Sevices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we propose and evaluate a new in-memory index structure for efficient processing of range queries over moving objects. Traditional spatial index approaches suffer from the need for frequent updates and therefore result in poor performance in moving object environments. To reduce the number of updates, many existing approaches use a linear function to represent the movement of objects, but for numerous real applications, the movements of objects are too complicated to be represented as a simple linear function. The index structure we propose has two levels. The lower level consists of a number of cluster nodes, each of which is in charge of a group of moving objects and can dynamically adjust its location and covering range according to the movement of the objects. The upper level makes use of a grid index to support querying evaluation. With our approach, no assumption is required about the maximum velocity of objects and it is not necessary for objects to move according to some well-behaved patterns.

Yuni Xia; Sunil Prabhakar

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

5 Development of the Water Quality Index (WQI) to Assess  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. For instance, sites designated by the IJC within Areas of Concern (AOC) (International Joint Commission 2003 though most of the Georgian Bay wetlands were very good quality, AOC sites (Collingwood (CO Georgian Bay wetlands in the good categories (solid bars), the index was able to identify the AOCs

McMaster University

196

Indexes to Nuclear Regulatory Commission issuances, January--March 1996  

SciTech Connect

This publication is the 1st quarter 1996 index to issuances by the US NRC. These include issuances by the Commission, the Atomic Safety and Licensing Board Panel, the Administrative Law Judges, the Directors` Decisions, and the Decisions on Petitions for Rulemaking.

NONE

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Modeling EU electricity market competition using the residual supply index  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An econometric approach to related hourly Residual Supply Index to price-cost margins in the major EU electricity generation markets suggests that market structure, as measured by the RSI, is a significant explanatory factor for markups, even when scarcity and other explanatory variables are included. (author)

Swinand, Gregory; Scully, Derek; Ffoulkes, Stuart; Kessler, Brian

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

198

GRADIENT INDEX SPHERES BY THE SEQUENTIAL ACCRETION OF GLASS POWDERS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Department of Energy is seeking a method for fabricating mm-scale spheres having a refractive index that varies smoothly and continuously from the center to its surface [1]. The fabrication procedure must allow the creation of a range of index profiles. The spheres are to be optically transparent and have a refractive index differential greater than 0.2. The sphere materials can be either organic or inorganic and the fabrication technique must be capable of scaling to low cost production. Mo-Sci Corporation proposed to develop optical quality gradient refractive index (GRIN) glass spheres of millimeter scale (1 to 2 mm diameter) by the sequential accretion and consolidation of glass powders. Other techniques were also tested to make GRIN spheres as the powder-accretion method produced non-concentric layers and poor optical quality glass spheres. Potential ways to make the GRIN spheres were (1) by "coating" glass spheres (1 to 2 mm diameter) with molten glass in a two step process; and (2) by coating glass spheres with polymer layers.

MARIANO VELEZ

2008-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

199

Cognitive science in popular film: the Cognitive Science Movie Index  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cognitive science in popular film: the Cognitive Science Movie Index Benjamin Motz Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences and Cognitive Science Program, Indiana University Bloomington, Bloomington of films depict- ing themes in cognitive science and the potential power of popular cinema for outreach

Indiana University

200

Manual for cataloging and indexing documents for database acquisition  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The descriptive cataloging and subject indexing rules and methodology needed to process bibliographic information for GRID database storage are documented. Data elements which may appear in a bibliographic record are tabulated. Examples of coded data entry forms are included in an appendix. Examples are given of unit records in the database corresponding to one bibliographic reference. (MHR)

Schwartz, S.R.; Phillips, S.L.; Perra, J.J.

1978-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "index a-z index" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Structure-aware indexing for keyword search in databases  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Most of existing methods of keyword search over relational databases find the Steiner trees composed of relevant tuples as the answers. They identify the Steiner trees by discovering the rich structural relationships between tuples, and neglect the fact ... Keywords: database, indexing, keyword search, ranking, tuple unit

Guoliang Li; Jianhua Feng; Jianyong Wang

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

The Banzhaf power index for ternary bicooperative games  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we analyze ternary bicooperative games, which are a refinement of the concept of a ternary voting game introduced by Felsenthal and Machover. Furthermore, majority voting rules based on the difference of votes are simple bicooperative games. ... Keywords: Banzhaf power index, Generating function, Ternary bicooperative game

J. M. Bilbao; J. R. Fernández; N. Jiménez; J. J. López

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

The Critical Success Index as an Indicator of Warning Skill  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A form of the critical success index (CSI) is used by the National Weather Service to indicate the value of warnings. This verification statistic assumes that the times when an event was neither expected nor observed are of no consequence. It can ...

Joseph T. Schaefer

1990-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Index of /~jborwein/Expbook/Manuscript/Old Zip - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Index of /~jborwein/Expbook/Manuscript/Old Zip. Icon ... v1_may28_1am.zip 28- May-2003 00:44 2.7M [ ] v1_may29_1pm.zip 29-May-2003 11:18 2.1M [ ] ...

205

Estimation of formation strength index of aquifer from neural networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this study is to construct a model that predicts an aquifer's formation strength index (the ratio of shear modulus and bulk compressibility, G/C"b) from geophysical well logs by using a back-propagation neural network (BPNN). The BPNN ... Keywords: Back-propagation neural networks, Geophysical well logs, Groundwater, Soft computing

Bieng-Zih Hsieh; Chih-Wen Wang; Zsay-Shing Lin

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Graded index antireflective coatings for glass. Second annual report  

SciTech Connect

M.I.T. is conducting research which will lead to a process for forming broad band antireflective (AR) coatings on glass. Use of these coatings increases the extractable heat from flat-plate solar collectors by 30 to 50% compared with their performance under equivalent solar flux, surface temperature and ambient conditions without broad band AR coatings. Graded index surface films can virtually eliminate reflection losses if controlled properly. Graded index films on a borosilicate glass (Corning Glass Works No. 7740, Pyrex) has been demonstrated. While glass treated this way exhibited adequate optical properties, the glass itself, cannot be fabricated by the float glass process because of excessive working temperatures, and consequently is too expensive for solar applications. The objective of this work is to define glass compositions and processing steps which will result in graded index surface films (which exhibit broad band AR characteristics) on glasses which can be fabricated by the float glass process. The mechanism by which these graded index surface films are produced on glass surfaces consists of preferentially etching one phase from a phase separated glass. The film which remains consists of a porous structure in which the fraction of solid phase increases continuously from the free surface toward the bulk glass. Scattering effects are eliminated by limiting the size of the pore structure to dimensions which are substantially less than the wavelength of light. With this structure, the local index of refraction is proportional to the fraction of solid phase which is present. Characterizations are intended to define the microstructural and chemical nature of the surface film throughout its thickness. Progress is reported. (WHK)

Haggerty, J.S.

1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

A-Z Index - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

What is the role of coal in the United States? ... Ancillary Services (Electricity) ... The EIA Glossary includes definitions of technical terms.

208

A-Z Index - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy use in homes, commercial buildings, manufacturing, and transportation. ... Jobs (With the Energy Information Administration) Jordan Country ...

209

A-Z Index - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Air-Conditioning, Number of Households With; Air Pollution Abatement Equipment; Air Pollution Emissions Data (Leave EIA) Alabama Energy Profile; Alaska ...

210

A-Z Index - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

SPP: small power producer; SPR: ... VAWT: vertical-axis wind turbine; VLCC: very large crude carrier; VMT: vehicle miles traveled; VOC: volatile ...

211

A-Z Index - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Petroleum & Other Liquids. Crude oil, gasoline, heating oil, diesel, propane, and other liquids including biofuels and natural gas liquids. Natural Gas

212

NEWS SPORT WEATHER WORLD SERVICE A-Z INDEX SEARCH You are in: Science/Nature  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

99 | Science/Nature Should the cold fusion dream die? 11 Sep 00 | Festival of science Arthur C Clarke demands cold fusion rethink Internet links: Nature Science Kenneth Suslick Oak Ridge National Laboratory Thursday, 25 July, 2002, 11:15 GMT 12:15 UK Fusion experiment disappoints The idea that we could build

Suslick, Kenneth S.

213

ABOUT CALENDAR FEES ENROLLMENT RECORDS University Home MyUCSC People Calendars A-Z Index  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Paul, Jr. Art Kirk Willis History 1999 Noel Fallows Romance Languages (postponed until end of headship Geography Bernard Dauenhauer Philosophy & Religion Paul Edmonston Art Mary Legler Music William Free English Art Frank K. Gibson Political Science Richard Hill Chemistry Charles Patterson English Warren Spencer

California at Santa Cruz, University of

214

A-Z Index - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy Information Administration - EIA - Official Energy Statistics from the U.S. Government ... Alternative Fuels. Includes hydropower, solar, wind, geothermal, ...

215

A-Z Index - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Aluminum Industry Analysis Brief ; American Clean Energy and Security Act of 2009 - Analysis of Energy Market and Economic Impacts of H.R. 2454 ;

216

A-Z Index - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

NERC (North American Electric Reliability Corporation; includes U.S. and Canada) Definition; Map; NERC Web Site – (Leave EIA Site)

217

A-Z Index - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Biofuels: Ethanol & Biodiesel ... Wholesale Electricity (See Electric Sales for Resale) Wholesale Market Data (Electricity) Why are gasoline prices higher in some ...

218

A-Z Index - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

R. Rack Prices (Gasoline; includes U.S., PADD & State) Data; Definition; Rack Sales (Gasoline; includes U.S., PADD & State) Data; Definition; Railroad ...

219

A-Z Index - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Major Coal Consumer (Manufacturers and Coke Plants) Major Coal Mines ... Miles Driven per Vehicle; Miles per Gallon; Minnesota Energy Profile ; ...

220

A-Z Index - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS ) (# of buildings, ... Consumption of Petroleum (Petroleum Products Supplied; includes U.S. & International)

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While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

A-Z Index - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Alternative fuels survey forms; ... Availability and Price of Petroleum and Petroleum Products Produced in Countries Other Than Iran, The ; Average diesel fuel price

222

A-Z Index - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy Information Administration ... solar, wind, geothermal, biomass and ethanol. ... EIS: Environmental Impact Statement;

223

A-Z Index - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Petroleum & Other Liquids. Crude oil, gasoline, heating oil, diesel, propane, and other liquids including biofuels and natural gas liquids. ...

224

A-Z Index - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Copyright & Reuse Accessibility. Related Sites U.S. Department of Energy USA.gov FedStats. Stay Connected Facebook Twitter YouTube Email Updates RSS Feeds ...

225

A-Z Index - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Electricity. Sales, revenue and prices, power plants, fuel use, stocks, ... Petroleum Cost to Electric Power Industry (U.S., Census Divsion & State) Annual;

226

A-Z Index - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Analysis & Projections. Monthly and yearly energy forecasts, analysis of energy topics, financial analysis, Congressional reports. Markets & ...

227

A-Z Index - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Exploration and reserves, storage, imports and exports, production, prices, sales ... State Energy Data System ... provide multiple ways for you to access ...

228

A-Z Index - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

The EIA Glossary includes definitions of technical terms. Please use the glossary to find the meanings of words. What items are included?

229

A-Z Index - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Smart Grid (Electrical System) Study; SO 2 Emissions (Electricity Industry) Solar Electricity Generation; Solar Energy Potential (map) Photovoltaic; Solar ...

230

A-Z Index - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Electric Power Grid; Electric Power Industry Maps; Electric Power Monthly (Report; ... Electrical System Smart Grid Study; Electricity (Main Electricity Web Page)

231

DOE NEPA Guidance and Requirements - Search Index - List of Contents |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

List of List of Contents DOE NEPA Guidance and Requirements - Search Index - List of Contents Return to Download Page The NEPA Guidance and Requirements - Search Index includes: A Brief Guide - DOE-wide Contracts For NEPA Documentation [DOE][2003] A Citizen's Guide to the NEPA - Having Your Voice Heard [CEQ][2007] A Resource Handbook on DOE Transportation Risk Assessment [DOE][2002] Actions During the NEPA Process - Interim Actions [DOE][2003] Administrative Record Guidance [DOJ][1991] Aligning the NEPA Process with EMS [CEQ][2007] Alternative Actions For Analysis in Site-wide NEPA Reviews [DOE][1992] Amended Environmental Impact Statement Filing System Guidance [EPA][2012] Analysis of Impacts on Prime and Unique Agricultural Lands and NEPA [CEQ][1980] Analysis of Impacts to Workers in NEPA Documentation [DOE][1988]

232

DOE NEPA Guidance and Requirements - Search Index - Table of Contents |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Table of Table of Contents DOE NEPA Guidance and Requirements - Search Index - Table of Contents Return to Download Page The DOE NEPA Guidance and Requirements - Search Index includes: NEPA Guidance and Requirements Documents Issued by Published A Brief Guide - DOE-wide Contracts For NEPA Documentation DOE 2003 A Citizen's Guide to the NEPA - Having Your Voice Heard CEQ 2007 A Resource Handbook on DOE Transportation Risk Assessment DOE 2002 Actions During the NEPA Process - Interim Actions DOE 2003 Administrative Record Guidance DOJ 1991 Aligning the NEPA Process with EMS CEQ 2007 Alternative Actions For Analysis in Site-wide NEPA Reviews DOE 1992 Amended Environmental Impact Statement Filing System Guidance EPA 2012 Analysis of Impacts on Prime and Unique Agricultural Lands and NEPA

233

The whistler mode refractive index as a function of gyrofrequency  

SciTech Connect

The refractive index for a constant-frequency whistler mode wave in an electron-proton plasma is considered as a function of position, through the local gyrofrequencies {Omega}{sub e,i}. The full cold plasma dispersion relation is used. The wave frequency can take any value up to the smaller of {Omega}{sub e} and the plasma frequency {omega}{sub pe}, but {omega}{sub pe} is allowed to take any fixed value, as is the wavenormal angle. It is rigorously established that the refractive index is a decreasing function of {Omega}{sub e}. One application of this is to finding locations of Landau and cyclotron resonances, to evaluate the effects of whistler mode waves on radiation belt electrons.

Albert, J. M. [Air Force Research Laboratory/RVBX, Kirtland AFB, New Mexico 87117 (United States)

2011-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

234

Fabrication process for a gradient index x-ray lens  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process for fabricating high efficiency x-ray lenses that operate in the 0.5-4.0 keV region suitable for use in biological imaging, surface science, and x-ray lithography of integrated circuits. The gradient index x-ray optics fabrication process broadly involves co-sputtering multi-layers of film on a wire, followed by slicing and mounting on block, and then ion beam thinning to a thickness determined by periodic testing for efficiency. The process enables the fabrication of transmissive gradient index x-ray optics for the 0.5-4.0 keV energy range. This process allows the fabrication of optical elements for the next generation of imaging and x-ray lithography instruments m the soft x-ray region.

Bionta, Richard M. (Livermore, CA); Makowiecki, Daniel M. (Livermore, CA); Skulina, Kenneth M. (Livermore, CA)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Fabrication process for a gradient index x-ray lens  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process is disclosed for fabricating high efficiency x-ray lenses that operate in the 0.5-4.0 keV region suitable for use in biological imaging, surface science, and x-ray lithography of integrated circuits. The gradient index x-ray optics fabrication process broadly involves co-sputtering multi-layers of film on a wire, followed by slicing and mounting on block, and then ion beam thinning to a thickness determined by periodic testing for efficiency. The process enables the fabrication of transmissive gradient index x-ray optics for the 0.5-4.0 keV energy range. This process allows the fabrication of optical elements for the next generation of imaging and x-ray lithography instruments in the soft x-ray region. 13 figures.

Bionta, R.M.; Makowiecki, D.M.; Skulina, K.M.

1995-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

236

Indexing methods for approximate dictionary searching: Comparative analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The primary goal of this article is to survey state-of-the-art indexing methods for approximate dictionary searching. To improve understanding of the field, we introduce a taxonomy that classifies all methods into direct methods and sequence-based filtering ... Keywords: k-errata tree, q-gram, q-sample, Damerau-Levenshtein distance, Levenshtein distance, NR-grep, agrep, approximate searching, frequency distance, frequency vector trie, metric trees, neighborhood generation, trie

Leonid Boytsov

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

The Spectral Index Distribution of EGRET Blazars: Prospects for GLAST  

SciTech Connect

The intrinsic distribution of spectral indices in GeV energies of gamma-ray-loud blazars is a critical input in determining the spectral shape of the unresolved blazar contribution to the diffuse extragalactic gamma-ray background, as well as an important test of blazar emission theories. We present a maximum-likelihood method of determining the intrinsic spectral index distribution (ISID) of a population of {gamma}-ray emitters which accounts for error in measurement of individual spectral indices, and we apply it to EGRET blazars. We find that the most likely Gaussian ISID for EGRET blazars has a mean of 2.27 and a standard deviation of 0.20. We additionally find some indication that FSRQs and BL Lacs may have different ISIDs (with BL Lacs being harder). We also test for spectral index hardening associated with blazar variability for which we find no evidence. Finally, we produce simulated GLAST spectral index datasets and perform the same analyses. With improved statistics due to the much larger number of resolvable blazars, GLAST data will help us determine the ISIDs with much improved accuracy. Should any difference exist between the ISIDs of BL Lacs and FSRQs or between the ISIDs of blazars in the quiescent and flaring states, GLAST data will be adequate to separate these ISIDs at a significance better than 3{sigma}.

Venters, Tonia M.; Pavlidou, Vasiliki; /SLAC

2011-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

238

Rationale and Development of a Security Assurance Index with Application toward the Development of a World Risk Index  

SciTech Connect

Assurance categories were previously developed to support the Department of Homeland Security’s efforts in the mitigation of Cyber Control System events. Defined according to the risk of life and economic loss, the minimum range is designated by policy, whereas the maximum limit seems to be constrained only by limits and interdependencies of the event. Use of this life / assets scale has proven to be helpful in managing risk due to the scale's ease of use, communication, and understanding. Suggestions have been made that this scale could be applied to all events of terror, disaster, and calamity of an international scale, with equally good results. This paper presents the history of some existing scales of disaster and assurance, the rationale behind the development of the original Security Assurance Index, and our proposed scale of disaster and calamity as a World Risk Index.

M. M. Plum; G. A. Beitel, PhD

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Tri-Cities Index of Innovation and Technology  

SciTech Connect

In 2001 and 2004, the Economic Development Office of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory published companion reports to the Washington Technology Center Index studies that provided additional information on the Tri-Cities (Kennewick-Richland-Pasco) area of the state, its technology businesses, and important advantages that the Tri-Cities have as places to live and do business. These reports also compared the Tri-Cities area to other technology-based metropolitan areas in the Pacific Northwest and nation along critical dimensions known to be important to technology firms. This report updates the material in these earlier reports, and highlights a growing Tri-Cities metropolitan area.

Fowler, Richard A.; Scott, Michael J.; Butner, Ryan S.

2011-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

240

DOE technical standards list: Department of Energy standards index  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This technical standards list (TSL) was prepared for use by personnel involved in the selection and use of US DOE technical standards and other government and non-government standards. This TSL provides listings of current DOE technical standards, non-government standards that have been adopted by DOE, other government documents in which DOE has a recorded interest, and cancelled DOE technical standards. Standards are indexed by type in the appendices to this document. Definitions of and general guidance for the use of standards are also provided.

NONE

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "index a-z index" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Gradient index liquid crystal devices and method of fabrication thereof  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Laser beam apodizers using cholesteric liquid crystals provides soft edge profile by use of two separate cholesteric liquid crystal mixtures with different selective reflection bands which in an overlap region have a gradient index where reflectivity changes as a function of position. The apodizers can be configured as a one-dimensional beam apod INTRODUCTION The U.S. government has rights in the invention under Contract No. DE-FC03-85DP40200 between the University of Rochester and the Department of Energy.

Lee, Jae-Cheul (Rochester, NY); Jacobs, Stephen (Pittsford, NY)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Gradient index liquid crystal devices and method of fabrication thereof  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Laser beam apodizers using cholesteric liquid crystals provides soft edge profile by use of two separate cholesteric liquid crystal mixtures with different selective reflection bands which in an overlap region have a gradient index where reflectivity changes as a function of position. The apodizers can be configured as a one-dimensional beam apod INTRODUCTION The U.S. government has rights in the invention under Contract No. DE-FC03-85DP40200 between the University of Rochester and the Department of Energy.

Lee, J.C.; Jacobs, S.

1991-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

243

Loss compensated negative index material at optical wavelengths  

SciTech Connect

We present a computational approach, allowing for a self-consistent treatment of three-dimensional (3D) fishnet metamaterial operating at 710 nm wavelength coupled to a gain material incorporated into the nanostructure. We show numerically that loss-free negative index material is achievable by incorporating gain material inside the fishnet structure. The effective gain coefficient of the combined fishnet-gain system is much larger than its bulk counterpart and the figure-of-merit (FOM = | Re(n)/Im(n) |) increases dramatically with gain. Transmission, reflection, and absorption data, as well as the retrieved effective parameters, are presented for the fishnet structure with and without gain.

Fang, Anan; Huang, Zhixiang; Koschny, Thomas; Soukoulis, Costas M.

2012-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

244

Estimation of Rainfall in Burkina Faso Using the ESOC Precipitation Index  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Rainfall is estimated in Burkina Faso for a full year using the ESOC precipitation index (EPI), a statistical cloud indexing method based on satellite data from METEOSAT. The EPI is converted into rainfall with the linear regression calculated ...

Olli M. Turpeinen; A. A. Diallo

1989-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Bibliometrics for Internet Media: Applying the h-Index to YouTube  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The h-index can be a useful metric for evaluating a person's output of Internet media. Here we advocate and demonstrate adaption of the h-index and the g-index to the top video content creators on YouTube. The h-index for Internet video media is based on videos and their view counts. The index h is defined as the number of videos with >= h*10^5 views. The index g is defined as the number of videos with >= g*10^5 views on average. When compared to a video creator's total view count, the h-index and g-index better capture both productivity and impact in a single metric.

Hovden, Robert

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Revisiting the Past and Settling the Score: Index Revision for House Price Derivatives  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Method for Real Estate Price Index Construction. Journal ofRevision Bias in Repeat Sale Home Price Indices. UnpublishedCalhoun, C.A. 1996. OFHEO House Price Indexes: HPI Technical

Clapham, Eric; Englund, Peter; Quigley, John M.; Redfearn, Christian L.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Computing the Low-Elevation Variant of the Haines Index for Fire Weather Forecasts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Haines index is used in wildfire forecasting and monitoring to evaluate the potential contributions of atmospheric stability and humidity to the behavior of plume-dominated wildfires. The index has three variants (“low,” “mid,” and “high”) ...

Brian E. Potter; Julie A. Winkler; Dwight F. Wilhelm; Ryan P. Shadbolt; Xindi Bian

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

A Verified Estimation of the El Niño Index Niño-3.4 since 1877  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Decadal and longer time-scale variabilities of the best known El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) indexes are poorly correlated before 1950, and so knowledge of interdecadal variability and trend in ENSO indexes is dubious, especially before ...

Lucia Bunge; Allan J. Clarke

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Forecasting Drought Using the Agricultural Reference Index for Drought (ARID): A Case Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Drought forecasting can aid in developing mitigation strategies and minimizing economic losses. Drought may be forecast using a drought index, which is an indicator of drought. The agricultural reference index for drought (ARID) was used as a tool ...

Prem Woli; James Jones; Keith Ingram; Joel Paz

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

An efficient trajectory index structure for moving objects in location-based services  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Because moving objects usually moves on spatial networks, efficient trajectory index structures are required to gain good retrieval performance on their trajectories. However, there has been little research on trajectory index structure for spatial networks, ...

Jae-Woo Chang; Jung-Ho Um; Wang-Chien Lee

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Indexing and Retrieval of XML-Encoded Structured Documents in Dynamic Environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In order to retrieve structured documents efficiently, many researches have been done to design indexing technique that supports fast and direct access for arbitrary element as well as whole document. On the other hand, fast and efficient indexing technique ...

Sung Wan Kim; Jaeho Lee; Hae Chull Lim

2002-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

An Evaluation of Summer Discomfort in the United State Using a Relative Climatological Index  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A relative climatological index is developed to evaluate interregional variations in human discomfort and the impacts of weather on a variety of socioeconomic parameters. The “weather stress index” is designed to assess the frequency and ...

Laurence S. Kalkstein; Kathleen M. Valimont

1986-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Parallel Index and Query for Large Scale Data Analysis  

SciTech Connect

Modern scientific datasets present numerous data management and analysis challenges. State-of-the-art index and query technologies are critical for facilitating interactive exploration of large datasets, but numerous challenges remain in terms of designing a system for process- ing general scientific datasets. The system needs to be able to run on distributed multi-core platforms, efficiently utilize underlying I/O infrastructure, and scale to massive datasets. We present FastQuery, a novel software framework that address these challenges. FastQuery utilizes a state-of-the-art index and query technology (FastBit) and is designed to process mas- sive datasets on modern supercomputing platforms. We apply FastQuery to processing of a massive 50TB dataset generated by a large scale accelerator modeling code. We demonstrate the scalability of the tool to 11,520 cores. Motivated by the scientific need to search for inter- esting particles in this dataset, we use our framework to reduce search time from hours to tens of seconds.

Chou, Jerry; Wu, Kesheng; Ruebel, Oliver; Howison, Mark; Qiang, Ji; Prabhat,; Austin, Brian; Bethel, E. Wes; Ryne, Rob D.; Shoshani, Arie

2011-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

254

Dark Matter Constraints from a Cosmic Index of Refraction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The dark-matter candidates of particle physics invariably possess electromagnetic interactions, if only via quantum fluctuations. Taken en masse, dark matter can thus engender an index of refraction which deviates from its vacuum value. Its presence is signaled through frequency-dependent effects in the propagation and attenuation of light. We discuss theoretical constraints on the expansion of the index of refraction with frequency, the physical interpretation of the terms, and the particular observations needed to isolate its coefficients. This, with the advent of new opportunities to view gamma-ray bursts at cosmological distance scales, gives us a new probe of dark matter and a new possibility for its direct detection. As a first application we use the time delay determined from radio afterglow observations of distant gamma-ray bursts to realize a direct limit on the electric-charge-to-mass ratio of dark matter of |varepsilon|/M < 1 x 10^{-5} eV^{-1} at 95% CL.

S. Gardner; D. C. Latimer

2009-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

255

Dark matter constraints from a cosmic index of refraction  

SciTech Connect

The dark matter candidates of particle physics invariably possess electromagnetic interactions, if only via quantum fluctuations. Taken en masse, dark matter can thus engender an index of refraction which deviates from its vacuum value. Its presence is signaled through frequency-dependent effects in the propagation and attenuation of light. We discuss theoretical constraints on the expansion of the index of refraction with frequency, the physical interpretation of the terms, and the particular observations needed to isolate its coefficients. This, with the advent of new opportunities to view gamma-ray bursts at cosmological distance scales, gives us a new probe of dark matter and a new possibility for its direct detection. As a first application we use the time delay determined from radio afterglow observations of distant gamma-ray bursts to realize a direct limit on the electric charge-to-mass ratio of dark matter of |{epsilon}|/M<1x10{sup -5} eV{sup -1} at 95% C.L.

Gardner, Susan [Center for Particle Astrophysics and Theoretical Physics Department, Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, Batavia, Illinois 60510 (United States); Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40506-0055 (United States); Latimer, David C. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40506-0055 (United States)

2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

256

Effect of Envelope Design on Energy Consumption Respect to EETP Index  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

EETP is an evaluation index for the whole thermal performance of envelopes. The effects of envelope related parameters on energy consumption for cooling and heating were analyzed respect to EETP index, the sensitivity factor analysis was performed. The ... Keywords: Envelope nvelope Design, Thermal Performance, energy consumption EETP index

Jinghua Yu; Xinhua Xu; Liwei Tian

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

TITLE: Evaluation of Turfgrass Quality and Green Leaf Area Index and Aboveground Biomass with Multispectral Radiometry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

6 TITLE: Evaluation of Turfgrass Quality and Green Leaf Area Index and Aboveground Biomass index and biomass in seven turfgrass species. AUTHORS: Hyeonju Lee, Dale Bremer, and Kemin Su SPONSORS (NIR/R) may be good predictors of green leaf area index (LAI) and aboveground biomass, although

258

A New Signature-Based Indexing Scheme for Trajectories of Moving Objects on Spatial Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Because moving objects usually move on spatial networks, their trajectories play an important role in indexing them for spatial network databases. In this paper, we propose a new signature-based indexing scheme for moving objects' trajectories on spatial ... Keywords: signature-based index scheme, spatial network, trajectory

Jaewoo Chang; Jungho Um; Youngjin Kim

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

RH: Burning index in Los Angeles A Note on Non-parametric and Semi-parametric  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 RH: Burning index in Los Angeles A Note on Non-parametric and Semi-parametric Modeling for comparative purposes in order to assess the predictive performance of the Burning Index. 1 Department including the Burning Index (BI) at each of various Remote Automated Weather Stations (RAWS) in the United

Schoenberg, Frederic Paik (Rick)

260

A News Index System for Global Comparisons of Many Major Topics on the Earth  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we propose a news index system which supports users who would like to observe difference in various topics (e.g. politics, economy, education, and culture) among countries/regions. General news sites just provide news articles and we can ... Keywords: Index Word List Construction, News Article Extraction, News Article Page Collection, News Directory, News Index System

Tomoya Noro; Bin Liu; Yosuke Nakagawa; Hao Han; Takehiro Tokuda

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "index a-z index" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Energy Research Information System. Volume 1, Number 4. cumulative indexes (project nos. 00000001 through 00000539). Quarterly report  

SciTech Connect

This cumulative index includes a state location index, an organization index and a subject keyword index incorporating the indexes from Energy Research Information System (ERIS), Volume 1, Numbers 1, 2, and 3. This issue, plus the first three ERIS reports, comprise a set of 539 research project references for the states of the Old West Region -- Montana, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota and Wyoming.

Givens, B.M.; Boyd, C.A.

1976-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Environmental quality indexing of large industrial development alternatives using AHP  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two industrial development alternatives have been proposed for the East Coast of Iceland in order to strengthen its socio-economic basis. The favoured option is to build a large aluminium smelter, which requires massive hydropower development in the nearby highlands. Another viable option is the construction of a 6-million-ton oil refinery, following the planned exploitation of the Timan Pechora oil reserves in the Russian Arctic. A third 'fictitious' alternative could be general development of existing regional industry and new knowledge-based industries, development of ecotourism, establishment of national parks, accompanied by infrastructure improvement (roads, tunnels, communications, schools, etc.). The three alternatives will have different environmental consequences. The controversial hydropower plant for the smelter requires a large water reservoir as well as considerable land disturbance in this unique mountain territory, considered to be the largest uninhabited wilderness in Western Europe. The aluminium smelter and the oil refinery will give rise to substantial increase of the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of the country (about 20%). Then there is potential environmental risk associated with the refinery regarding oil spills at sea, which could have disastrous impact on the fisheries industry. However, the oil refinery does not require any hydropower development, which is a positive factor. Finally, the third alternative could be defined as a ''green'' solution whereby the detrimental environmental consequences of the two industrial solutions are mostly avoided. In order to compare the three alternatives in an orderly manner, the analytic hierarchy process methodology of Saaty was applied to calculate the environmental quality index of each alternative, which is defined as a weighted sum of selected environmental and socio-economic factors. These factors are evaluated on a comparison basis, applying the AHP methodology, and the weights in the quality index summation are estimated in the same manner. Six persons with different backgrounds were asked to fill in the comparison matrices in order to reduce bias in the evaluation. The final results show that the two industrial alternatives come out poorly, i.e. with low quality indices, whereas the third pseudo-alternative, i.e. general development, with a considerably higher quality index, is certainly worth a further study.

Solnes, Julius

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

APS User Newse 2010 Year-End Index  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0 0 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 APS User News Year-End Index 2010 Issue 60 (02.19.10) 1. February 22nd Deadline for Nominations for the 2010 APSUO Rosalind Franklin Award 2. APS Proposal Deadline is March 5, 2010, for the 2010-2 Run Cycle 3. APSUO Steering Committee Seeking Potential Nominees 4. Dates to Remember Issue 61 (03.10.10) 1. February 22nd Deadline for Nominations for the 2010 APSUO Rosalind Franklin Award 2. APS Proposal Deadline is March 5, 2010, for the 2010-2 Run Cycle 3. APSUO Steering Committee Seeking Potential Nominees Issue 62 (03.10.10) MESSAGE FROM MURRAY SCIENCE NEWS 1. Jaramillo Recognized for Techniques to Study Quantum Effects at High Pressure 2. Science Highlights USER MATTERS 3. APS Upgrade Seminar Series Scheduled for Summer Months

264

Master EM Project Definition Rating Index - Facility Disposition Definitions  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

43 43 Master EM Project Definition Rating Index - Facility Disposition Definitions The following definitions describe the criteria required to achieve a maximum rating or maturity value of 5. It should be assumed that maturity values of 1-5 represent a subjective assessment of the quality of definition and/or the degree to which the end-state or maximum criteria have been met, or the product has been completed in accordance with the definition of maturity values. Rating Element Criteria for Maximum Rating COST A1 Cost Estimate A cost estimate has been developed and formally approved by DOE and is the basis for the cost baselines. The cost estimate is a reasonable approximation of Total Project Costs, and covers all phases of the project. The estimate is prepared in

265

Full field imaging based instantaneous hyperspectral absolute refractive index measurement  

SciTech Connect

Multispectral refractometers typically measure refractive index (RI) at discrete monochromatic wavelengths via a serial process. We report on the demonstration of a white light full field imaging based refractometer capable of instantaneous multispectral measurement of absolute RI of clear liquid/gel samples across the entire visible light spectrum. The broad optical bandwidth refractometer is capable of hyperspectral measurement of RI in the range 1.30 1.70 between 400nm 700nm with a maximum error of 0.0036 units (0.24% of actual) at 414nm for a = 1.50 sample. We present system design and calibration method details as well as results from a system validation sample.

Baba, Justin S [ORNL; Boudreaux, Philip R [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Topic Index to the DOE Administrative Records Disposition Schedules  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5/21/07 TOPICINDEXTODOEADMINSCHEDULES 5/21/07 TOPICINDEXTODOEADMINSCHEDULES Topic Index to the DOE Administrative Records Disposition Schedules (excluding the GRS Schedules) Topic Schedule Item [A] [B] [C] [D] [E] [F] [G] [H] [I] [J] [K] [L] [M] [N] [O] [P] [Q] [R] [S] [T] [U] [V] [W] [X] [Y] [Z] A Academic/Outreach Program 1 44 Access Request Files 18 6 Accountable Officers' Files 6 1 Accounting Administrative Files 6 5 Administrative Claims Files 6 10 Administrative Training Records 1 29.2 Administrative Issuances 16 1 Administrative - All Other copies of Administrative Issuances 16 1.6 Administrative Grievance, Disciplinary, and Adverse Action Files 1 30 Americans with Disabilities Act 1 42 Apprenticeship Program Files 1 45 Architectural Models 17 7

267

APS User Newse 2013 Year-End Index  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 3 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 APS User News Year-End Index 2013 Issue 84 (08.28.13) DIRECTOR'S CORNER APS UPGRADE NEWS by George Srajer, APS Upgrade Director USER MATTERS -- Three-Way Meeting Hosted at APS -- Tech Tuesdays -- Get Your Geek On: NUFO Goes to Capitol Hill -- APS User Program: New Roles -- Nobel Laureate Keynote Address Kicks Off Record-breaking Users Meeting -- APS Science 2012 Research and Engineering Highlights--Get Yours Today! -- APS Data Management Practices -- Quiet Vehicle Hazards BRIEFLY NOTED -- 2013 Arthur H. Compton Award Recognizes "Top-Up" Operation Founders -- Art of Science Entries Sought! -- Next U.S. Particle Accelerator School -- Scientific American Blog Highlights the Need for Scientists to Do Own

268

APS User Newse 2011 Year-End Index  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 1 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 APS User News Year-End Index 2011 Issue 67 (02.10.11) DIRECTOR'S CORNER SCIENCE NEWS 1. Science Highlights USER MATTERS 2. Reminder! Compton Award Nominations Sought! Deadline February 15 3. Seeking Nominees for the APSUO Steering Committee-Deadline March 31 4. X-ray App for I-Phone, I-Touch, I-Pad FACILITY NEWS 5. 2011 APS/CNM/EMC Users Meeting: HIGHLIGHT, PROMOTE, STIMULATE USER SCIENCE 6. In Memoriam: Bob Batterman AWARDS AND HONORS 7. Lahsen Assoufid Named Fellow of the Optical Society 8. George Srajer and Jin Wang Elected Fellows of the American Physical Society BRIEFLY NOTED -- 2011 American Association for the Advancement of Science Annual Meeting, February 17-21, 2011 -- 13th National School on Neutron and X-ray Scattering: Application

269

Semiconductor laser devices having lateral refractive index tailoring  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A broad-area semiconductor laser diode includes an active lasing region interposed between an upper and a lower cladding layer, the laser diode further comprising structure for controllably varying a lateral refractive index profile of the diode to substantially compensate for an effect of junction heating during operation. In embodiments disclosed the controlling structure comprises resistive heating strips or non-radiative linear junctions disposed parallel to the active region. Another embodiment discloses a multi-layered upper cladding region selectively disordered by implanted or diffused dopant impurities. Still another embodiment discloses an upper cladding layer of variable thickness that is convex in shape and symmetrically disposed about a central axis of the active region. The teaching of the invention is also shown to be applicable to arrays of semiconductor laser diodes.

Ashby, C.I.H.; Hadley, G.R.; Hohimer, J.P.; Owyoung, A.

1989-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

270

Master EM Project Definition Rating Index - Traditional (Conventional) Definitions  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

17 Master EM Project Definition Rating Index - Traditional (Conventional) Definitions The following definitions describe the criteria required to achieve a maximum rating or maturity value of 5. It should be assumed that maturity values of 1-5 represent a subjective assessment of the quality of definition and/or the degree to which the end-state or maximum criteria have been met, or the product has been completed in accordance with the definition of maturity values. Rating Element Criteria for Maximum Rating COST A1 Cost Estimate A cost estimate has been developed and formally approved by DOE and is the basis for the cost baselines. The cost estimate is a reasonable approximation of Total Project Costs, and covers all phases of the project. The estimate is prepared in

271

Developing an operational capabilities index of the emergency services sector.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In order to enhance the resilience of the Nation and its ability to protect itself in the face of natural and human-caused hazards, the ability of the critical infrastructure (CI) system to withstand specific threats and return to normal operations after degradation must be determined. To fully analyze the resilience of a region and the CI that resides within it, both the actual resilience of the individual CI and the capability of the Emergency Services Sector (ESS) to protect against and respond to potential hazards need to be considered. Thus, a regional resilience approach requires the comprehensive consideration of all parts of the CI system as well as the characterization of emergency services. This characterization must generate reproducible results that can support decision making with regard to risk management, disaster response, business continuity, and community planning and management. To address these issues, Argonne National Laboratory, in collaboration with the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Sector Specific Agency - Executive Management Office, developed a comprehensive methodology to create an Emergency Services Sector Capabilities Index (ESSCI). The ESSCI is a performance metric that ranges from 0 (low level of capabilities) to 100 (high). Because an emergency services program has a high ESSCI, however, does not mean that a specific event would not be able to affect a region or cause severe consequences. And because a program has a low ESSCI does not mean that a disruptive event would automatically lead to serious consequences in a region. Moreover, a score of 100 on the ESSCI is not the level of capability expected of emergency services programs; rather, it represents an optimal program that would rarely be observed. The ESSCI characterizes the state of preparedness of a jurisdiction in terms of emergency and risk management. Perhaps the index's primary benefit is that it can systematically capture, at a given point in time, the capabilities of a jurisdiction to protect itself from, mitigate, respond to, and recover from a potential incident. On the basis of this metric, an interactive tool - the ESSCI Dashboard - can identify scenarios for enhancement that can be implemented, and it can identify the repercussions of these scenarios on the jurisdiction. It can assess the capabilities of law enforcement, fire fighting, search and rescue, emergency medical services, hazardous materials response, dispatch/911, and emergency management services in a given jurisdiction and it can help guide those who need to prioritize what limited resources should be used to improve these capabilities. Furthermore, this tool can be used to compare the level of capabilities of various jurisdictions that have similar socioeconomic characteristics. It can thus help DHS define how it can support risk reduction and community preparedness at a national level. This tool aligns directly with Presidential Policy Directive 8 by giving a jurisdiction a metric of its ESS's capabilities and by promoting an interactive approach for defining options to improve preparedness and to effectively respond to a disruptive event. It can be used in combination with other CI performance metrics developed at Argonne National Laboratory, such as the vulnerability index and the resilience index for assessing regional resilience.

Collins, M.J.; Eaton, L.K.; Shoemaker, Z.M.; Fisher, R.E.; Veselka, S.N.; Wallace, K.E.; Petit, F.D. (Decision and Information Sciences)

2012-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

272

Energy Research Information System. Projects report. Volume 2, Number 4. Cumulative Indexes (Project Nos. 00000540 through 00001080)  

SciTech Connect

The Cumulative Indexes include a state-location index, a personal name index, an organization index and a subject keyword index incorporating the indexes from ERIS Volume 2, Nos. 1, 2, and 3. This issue, plus the entire contents of Volume 1 and Volume 2, comprise a set of 1080 research project references for the states of the Old West region - Montana, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota and Nebraska.

Boyd, C.A.; Schillinger, L.A.

1977-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Regulatory and technical reports (abstract index journal): Compilation for third quarter 1994, July--September. Volume 19, Number 3  

SciTech Connect

This compilation consists of bibliographic data and abstracts for the formal regulatory and technical reports issues by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) Staff and its contractors. It is NRC`s intention to publish this compilation quarterly and to cumulate it annually. The main citations and abstracts in this compilation are listed in NUREG number order: NUREG-XXXX, NUREG/CP-XXXX, NUREG/CR-XXXX, and NUREG/IA-XXXX. These precede the following indexes: Secondary Report Number Index, Personal Author Index, Subject Index, NRC Originating Organization Index (Staff Reports), NRC Originating Organization Index (International Agreements), NRC Contract Sponsor Index (Contractor Reports) Contractor Index, International Organization Index, Licensed Facility Index. A detailed explanation of the entries precedes each index.

Not Available

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Interferometric investigation and simulation of refractive index in glass matrixes containing nanoparticles of varying sizes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The relationship between refractive index and nanoparticle radii of cadmium selenide (CdSe) nanoparticles embedded within glass matrixes was investigated experimentally and by simulations. A homemade automated Michelson interferometer arrangement employing a rotating table and a He-Ne laser source at a wavelength of 632.8 nm determined the refractive index versus nanoparticle radii of embedded cadmium selenide (CdSe) nanoparticles. The refractive index was found to decrease linearly with nanoparticle radius increase. However, one sample showed a step increase in refractive index; on spectroscopic analysis, it was found that its resonant wavelength matched that of the He-Ne source wavelength. The simulations showed that two conditions caused the step increase in refractive index: low plasma frequency and matched sample and source resonances. This simple interferometer setup defines a new method of determining the radii of nanoparticles embedded in substrates and enables refractive index tailoring by modification of exact annealing conditions.

Feeney, Michael Gerard; Ince, Rabia; Yukselici, Mehmet Hikmet; Allahverdi, Cagdas

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Index Cycles in the Northern Hemisphere during the Global Weather Experiment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An index cycle occurring in the Northern Hemisphere during the late winter and spring of 1979 has been examined in detail using the ECMWF Level IIIb data set.

John W. Kidson

1985-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Crystallization and Solidification Properties of LipidsChapter 12 Solid Fat Index vs. Solid Fat Content  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Crystallization and Solidification Properties of Lipids Chapter 12 Solid Fat Index vs. Solid Fat Content Health Nutrition Biochemistry eChapters Health - Nutrition - Biochemistry   Downloadable pdf of C

277

Keyword index to unclassified ORGDP formal reports, July 1947--September 1973  

SciTech Connect

KWIC (Keywords in Context) permuted-title index is presented for all of the formal unclassified K-reports (July 1947 through September 1973) that have contributed significantly to gaseous diffusion technology. An author index and a document number index are also included. These latter two indexes contain complete citations to the original documents. (auth) ion efficiency of neon isotopes by gaseous diffusion as a function of pressure with three significantiy different types of geometrical flow channels was made. The experimental apparatus for performing the study and some results are described. A large body of data was collected. A complete description of the work is presently in publication. (TFD)

Ferguson, J.B.; Fraser, R.J.

1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Body Mass Index, Neighborhood Fast Food and Restaurant Concentration, and Car Ownership  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Restaurant Concentration, and Car Ownership Sanae Inagami,body mass index and whether car ownership might moderateRESTAURANT CONCENTRATION, AND CAR OWNERSHIP Quiznos, Little

Inagami, Sanae; Cohen, Deborah A.; Brown, Arleen F.; Asch, Steven M.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Index of /~jborwein/Expbook/Manuscript/Graphics files/please_convert  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Index of /~jborwein/Expbook/Manuscript/Graphics files/please_convert. Icon Name Last modified Size Description. [DIR] Parent Directory - [DIR] ...

280

Role of the atmospheric zonal index cycle in solar/terrestrial coupling  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

An explanation of the weather changes and solar flux availability due to upper atmosphere wind currents (zonal index) is attempted. (WHK)

Frenzen, P

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "index a-z index" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

A comparison of the glycemic index of sorghum and other commonly consumed grains.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Little in vivo research on glycemic index (GI) values or the digestive impact of sorghum based food products currently exists. Because sorghum is a gluten-free… (more)

Pruett, Ashley

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

The Impact of Body Mass Index on Heterotopic Ossification  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To analyze the impact of different body mass index (BMI) as a surrogate marker for heterotopic ossification (HO) in patients who underwent surgical repair (SR) for displaced acetabular fractures (DAF) followed by radiation therapy (RT). Methods and Materials: This is a single-institution retrospective study of 395 patients. All patients underwent SR for DAF followed by RT {+-} indomethacin. All patients received postoperative RT, 7 Gy, within 72 h. The patients were separated into four groups based on their BMI: <18.5, 18.5-24.9, 25-29.9, and >30. The end point of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of RT {+-} indomethacin in preventing HO in patients with different BMI. Results: Analysis of BMI showed an increasing incidence of HO with increasing BMI: <18.5, (0%) 0/6 patients; 18.5-24.9 (6%), 6 of 105 patients developed HO; 25-29.9 (19%), 22 of 117; >30 (31%), 51 of 167. Chi-square and multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the correlation between odds of HO and BMI is significant, p < 0.0001. As the BMI increased, the risk of HO and Brooker Classes 3, 4 HO increased. The risk of developing HO is 1.0 Multiplication-Sign (10%) more likely among those with higher BMI compared with those with lower BMI. For a one-unit increase in BMI the log odds of HO increases by 1.0, 95% CI (1.06-1.14). Chi-square test shows no significant difference among all other factors and HO (e.g., indomethacin, race, gender). Conclusions: Despite similar surgical treatment and prophylactic measures (RT {+-} indomethacin), the risk of HO appears to significantly increase in patients with higher BMI after DAF. Higher single-fraction doses or multiple fractions and/or combination therapy with nonsteroidal inflammatory drugs may be of greater benefit to these patients.

Mourad, Waleed Fouad, E-mail: Waleed246@gmail.com [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, MS (United States); Department of Radiation Oncology, Beth Israel Medical Center, New York, NY (Israel); Department of Radiation Oncology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University, Bronx, NY (United States); Packianathan, Satya [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, MS (United States); Shourbaji, Rania A. [Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Jackson State University, Jackson, MS (United States); Zhang Zhen; Graves, Mathew [Department of Orthopedic Surgery, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, MS (United States); Khan, Majid A. [Department of Radiology, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, MS (United States); Baird, Michael C. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, MS (United States); Russell, George [Department of Orthopedic Surgery, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, MS (United States); Vijayakumar, Srinivasan [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, MS (United States)

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

The new Metals and Alloys Indexes -- Search Manual: A phase diagram research tool  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new Metals and Alloys (M&A) Indexes to the Powder Diffraction File (PDF) has been developed. These indexes will be immediately useful to material scientists because the indexes share many features with references such as Hansen, Elliot, Shunk, Pearson, and Villars and Calvert. These indexes, as contained in the Search Manual, may be used independently or in conjunction with the Powder Diffraction File. The book contains four indexes: two contain data for all materials in the M&A PDF, and two contain supporting data. The permuted-sort Alphabetical Formula Index brings together all entries containing a given element in alphabetical formula order. It has n entries for an n-component material and a straight-line format for the element being sorted to simplify reading the index. Thus, chemical knowledge can make identifications easier. Further, within binary and ternary phase diagrams, phases are listed in compositional order to facilitate direct use in phase diagram research. The Pearson Symbol Code Index has entries arranged in order of the Pearson Symbol Code, hence one can find all the materials with a given structure, and if desired, compare their atomic contents and lattice parameters. The latter are in the standard Crystal Data setting to aid in structural comparisons. The Common Names Index cross-references common metallurgical names, such as austenite or cementite, to the appropriate PDF data. The Strukturbericht Symbol Index cross-references Strukturbericht Symbols and the equivalent Pearson Symbols and Structure Prototypes. Examples of the uses of this index in phase diagram research are given.

Mueller, M.H. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Wallace, P.L. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Huang, T.C. [IBM Research Division, San Jose, CA (United States); Dann, J.N. [OSRAM Sylvania, Towanda, PA (United States)

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

284

A New East Asian Winter Monsoon Index and Associated Characteristics of the Winter Monsoon  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new East Asian winter monsoon index, which reflects the 300-hPa meridional wind shear associated with the jet stream, was defined to describe the variability of the winter monsoon in midlatitude East Asia. This index represents very well the ...

Jong-Ghap Jhun; Eun-Jeong Lee

2004-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Audio watermarking based on quantization index modulation using combined perceptual masking  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, a robust audio watermarking scheme for MPEG-1/ Audio Layer II compressed domain is proposed. The scheme is implemented by modifying the subband coefficients using adaptive quantization index modulation. The watermarking procedure exploits ... Keywords: Digital audio watermarking, Masking threshold, Quantization index modulation, Subbands

Jyotsna Singh; Parul Garg; Alok Nath De

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Identifying, Indexing, and Ranking Chemical Formulae and Chemical Names in Digital Documents  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

End-users utilize chemical search engines to search for chemical formulae and chemical names. Chemical search engines identify and index chemical formulae and chemical names appearing in text documents to support efficient search and retrieval in the ... Keywords: Chemical name, chemical formula, conditional random fields, entity extraction, hierarchical text segmentation, independent frequent subsequence, index pruning, query models, ranking, similarity search, support vector machines

Bingjun Sun; Prasenjit Mitra; C. Lee Giles; Karl T. Mueller

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

A Winter Weather Index for Estimating Winter Roadway Maintenance Costs in the Midwest  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Winter roadway maintenance budget data for the state of Iowa have been combined with available climate data for a 6-yr period to create a winter weather index that provides a useful assessment of winter severity. The weather index can be combined ...

Craig G. Carmichael; William A. Gallus Jr.; Bradley R. Temeyer; Mark K. Bryden

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Site Index Curves for Direct-Seeded Loblolly and Longleaf Pines in Louisiana  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Site Index Curves for Direct-Seeded Loblolly and Longleaf Pines in Louisiana Quang V. Cao, School index equations were developedfor direct-seeded loblollypine (Pinus taeda L.) and longleaf pine (Pinus- term height projection for direct-seeded loblolly and longleaf pine stands in Louisiana. South. J. Appl

Cao, Quang V.

289

Speech-based and video-supported indexing of multimedia broadcast news  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes an automatic content indexing system for news programs, with a special emphasis on its segmentation process. The process can successfully segment an entire news program into topic-centered news stories; the primary tool is a linguistic ... Keywords: automatic speech recognition, content indexing, metadata generation, topic segmentation

Yoshihiko Hayashi; Katsutoshi Ohtsuki; Katsuji Bessho; Osamu Mizuno; Yoshihiro Matsuo; Shoichi Matsunaga; Minoru Hayashi; Takaaki Hasegawa; Naruhiro Ikeda

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

LCNS, Vol 1279, pp. 364375, Springer 1997 Towards Optimal Locality in Mesh-Indexings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Tubingen, Sand 13, D-72076 Tubingen, fniedermr,reinhardg@informatik.uni-tuebingen.de partially supported like \\row-major." We present new tight results on 2-D and 3-D Hilbert indexings which are easy in the Hilbert indexing is bounded by 3 p ji? jj ? 2, a tight result previously given by Chochia, Cole

Wichmann, Felix

291

Pre-1866 Extensions of the Southern Oscillation Index Using Early Indonesian and Tahitian Meteorological Readings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Pressure data from Indonesia and Tahiti for years before 1866 are used to extend the Southern Oscillation index (SOI) back to 1841, with a gap between 1861 and 1865. Further extension is possible using an index of Jakarta rainday counts back to ...

G. P. Können; P. D. Jones; M. H. Kaltofen; R. J. Allan

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

IS CHEMICAL INDEX OF ALTERATION (CIA) A RELIABLE PROXY FOR CHEMICAL WEATHERING IN GLOBAL DRAINAGE BASINS?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IS CHEMICAL INDEX OF ALTERATION (CIA) A RELIABLE PROXY FOR CHEMICAL WEATHERING IN GLOBAL DRAINAGE Road, Shanghai 200092 China; Tel: 86-21-6598 9130; Fax: 86-21-6598 6278 ABSTRACT. The chemical as the most important carrier of terrigenous materials into the sea. The chemical index of alteration (CIA

Yang, Shouye

293

Refractive index and density in F- and Cl-doped silica glasses  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The refractive index and density of fluorine- and chlorine-doped silica glasses were measured as functions of fictive temperature. The halogen concentrations were observed to have a refractive index or density that is independent of the fictive temperature were found. This implies that these properties are not affected by any heat-treatment conditions.

Kakiuchida, Hiroshi; Shimodaira, Noriaki; Sekiya, Edson H.; Saito, Kazuya; Ikushima, Akira J. [Research Center for Advanced Photon Technology, Toyota Technological Institute, 2-12-1 Hisakata, Tempaku, Nagoya, Aichi 468-8511 (Japan); Research Center for Advanced Photon Technology, Toyota Technological Institute, 2-12-1 Hisakata, Tempaku, Nagoya, Aichi 468-8511, Japan and Research Center, Asahi Glass Co., Ltd., 1150 Hazawa-cho, Kanagawa, Yokohama, Kanagawa 221-8755 (Japan); Research Center for Advanced Photon Technology, Toyota Technological Institute, 2-12-1 Hisakata, Tempaku, Nagoya, Aichi 468-8511 (Japan)

2005-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

294

Stock Price and Index Forecasting by Arbitrage Pricing Theory-Based Gaussian TFA Learning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Stock Price and Index Forecasting by Arbitrage Pricing Theory-Based Gaussian TFA Learning Kai Chun take advantage of those models. In literature, forecasting of stock prices within the framework Xu, (2002) "Stock price and index forecasting by arbitrage pricing theory-based gaussian TFA learning

Xu, Lei

295

Gradient-Index (GRIN) lenses by Slurry-based Three-Dimensional Printing (S-3DP)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

GRIN lenses with vertical index variation and radial index variation have been successfully fabricated using S-3DPTM. Two silica-based material systems, A1203-SiO? and BaO-SiO?, have been studied and used for the fabrication ...

Wang, Hong-Ren, 1973-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

On Indexing Sliding Windows over On-line Data Streams Lukasz Golab  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On Indexing Sliding Windows over On-line Data Streams Lukasz Golab School of Comp. Sci. University and Engineering Research Council (NSERC) of Canada. 1 #12;Abstract We consider indexing sliding windows in main on a division of the sliding window into sub-windows. When a new sub-window fills up with newly arrived tuples

Waterloo, University of

297

About the Upper Bound of the Chiral Index of Multivariate Distributions  

SciTech Connect

A family of distributions in R{sup d} having a chiral index greater or equal to a constant arbitrarily close to 1/2 is exhibited. It is deduced that the upper bound of the chiral index lies in the interval [1/2; 1], for any dimension d.

Petitjean, Michel [DSV/iBiTec-S/SB2SM (CNRS URA 2096), CEA Saclay, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex (France)

2008-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

298

Women's Empowerment in Agriculture Index: Proof of Concept | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Women's Empowerment in Agriculture Index: Proof of Concept Women's Empowerment in Agriculture Index: Proof of Concept Agriculture Community Menu DATA APPS EVENTS DEVELOPER STATISTICS COLLABORATE ABOUT Agriculture You are here Data.gov » Communities » Agriculture » Data Women's Empowerment in Agriculture Index: Proof of Concept Dataset Summary Description The index tracks change in women's empowerment that occurs as a direct or indirect result of Feed the Future interventions in targeted geographic zones within the initiative's 19 focus countries. Data for the WEAI will be collected every two years in all 19 countries, and baselines were collected in 2011 and 2012. USAID and partners will conduct data analyses to understand the relationships among empowerment, livelihoods, and food security, as well as relationships among the various components of the index.

299

Project Anticipated Midpoint Date -1 January 2009 (MCP Index = 2454) Cost Escalation Factor = MCP Index 1 Jan 09 / MCP Index 1 Oct 2007 = 2454/2391 = 1.0263  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ENGLISH Project Anticipated Midpoint Date - 1 January 2009 (MCP Index = 2454) Cost Escalation on historic construction award data. Unit costs for a category codes have a limited number of awarded projects. The init cost database includes only new construction projects and does not include data from renovation

US Army Corps of Engineers

300

Have you ever seen a project where the schedule performance index (SPI) and cost performance  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

seen a project where the schedule performance index (SPI) and cost performance seen a project where the schedule performance index (SPI) and cost performance index (CPI) are both very good (both near 1.0), but the contingency and management reserve (MR) accounts are depleted? Have you ever heard someone confuse the terms management reserve (MR) and contingency? While we in the project and contract management community are familiar with these terms, we often see them used incorrectly and treated as if they were interchangeable during the execution of the work, creating confusion and potential improper accountability. While MR is a form of contingency, its application is managed and controlled by the contractor,

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "index a-z index" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Self-organization of dissipationless solitons in positive- and negative-refractive-index materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A generalized Ginzburg-Landau equation describing dissipative solitons dynamics in negative-refractive-index materials is derived from Maxwell equations. This equation having only real terms with opposite sign differs from the usual Ginzburg-Landau equation for positive-refractive-index media. A cross-compensation between the saturating nonlinearity excess, losses, and gain makes obtained self-organized solitons dissipationless and exceptionally robust. In the presence of such solitons medium becomes effectively dissipationless. The compensation of losses is of particular interest for media with resonant character of interactions like negative-refractive-index materials.

Skarka, V. [Laboratory POMA, CNRS FRE 2988, University Angers, 2, Boulevard Lavoisier, F-49045 Angers (France); Aleksic, N. B. [Institute of Physics, Pregrevica 118, 11000 Belgrade (Serbia); Berezhiani, V. I. [Andronikashvili Institute of Physics, 6 Tamarashvili, Tbilisi 0177 (Georgia)

2010-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

302

Regularized energy-dependent solar flare hard x-ray spectral index  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The deduction from solar flare X-ray photon spectroscopic data of the energy dependent model-independent spectral index is considered as an inverse problem. Using the well developed regularization approach we analyze the energy dependency of spectral index for a high resolution energy spectrum provided by Ramaty High Energy Solar Spectroscopic Imager (RHESSI). The regularization technique produces much smoother derivatives while avoiding additional errors typical of finite differences. It is shown that observations imply a spectral index varying significantly with energy, in a way that also varies with time as the flare progresses. The implications of these findings are discussed in the solar flare context.

Eduard P. Kontar; Alexander L. MacKinnon

2005-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

303

Surface defects, the superconformal index and q-deformed Yang-Mills  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recently a prescription to compute the four-dimensional N = 2 superconformal index in the presence of certain BPS surface defects has been given. These surface defects are labelled by symmetric representations of SU(N). In the present paper we give a prescription to compute the superconformal index in the presence of surface defects labelled by arbitrary representations of SU(N). Furthermore, we extend the dictionary between the N = 2 superconformal Schur-index and correlators of q-deformed Yang-Mills to incorporate such surface defects.

Luis F. Alday; Mathew Bullimore; Martin Fluder; Lotte Hollands

2013-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

304

Nuclear facility decommissioning and site remedial actions: A selected bibliography, Volume 13: Part 2, Indexes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This is part 2 of a bibliography on nuclear facility decommissioning and site remedial action. This report contains indexes on the following: authors, corporate affiliation, title words, publication description, geographic location, subject category, and key word.

Goins, L.F.; Webb, J.R.; Cravens, C.D.; Mallory, P.K.

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

A Multi-Index GEM Technique and Its Application to the Southwestern Japan/East Sea  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper demonstrates a new gravest empirical mode (GEM) technique that constructs multi-index lookup tables of temperature (T) and specific volume anomalies (?) using historical hydrocasts as a function of three indices: round-trip travel time ...

Jae-Hun Park; D. Randolph Watts; Karen L. Tracey; Douglas A. Mitchell

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Optical studies of photonic crystals and high index-contrast microphotonic circuits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Both high index-contrast (HIC) photonic crystals and HIC microphotonic circuits are presented in this thesis. Studies of macro-scale 2D photonic crystal meta-materials are first described. Through comparison of experimental ...

Rakich, Peter Thomas

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Use of a Genesis Potential Index to Diagnose ENSO Effects on Tropical Cyclone Genesis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

ENSO (El Niño–Southern Oscillation) has a large influence on tropical cyclone activity. The authors examine how different environmental factors contribute to this influence, using a genesis potential index developed by Emanuel and Nolan. Four ...

Suzana J. Camargo; Kerry A. Emanuel; Adam H. Sobel

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Joint Spatiotemporal Variability of Global Sea Surface Temperatures and Global Palmer Drought Severity Index Values  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Dominant modes of individual and joint variability in global sea surface temperatures (SST) and global Palmer drought severity index (PDSI) values for the twentieth century are identified through a multivariate frequency domain singular value ...

Somkiat Apipattanavis; Gregory J. McCabe; Balaji Rajagopalan; Subhrendu Gangopadhyay

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

NEOPLANTA: A Short Description of the First Serbian UV Index Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A numerical model called “NEOPLANTA” for estimating solar UV irradiance and UV index under cloud-free conditions is being developed and tested at the University of Novi Sad in Serbia. In this paper, the model features, calculation procedure, and ...

S. Malinovic; D. T. Mihailovic; D. Kapor; Z. Mijatovic; I. D. Arsenic

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Examining Rapid Onset Drought Development Using the Thermal Infrared–Based Evaporative Stress Index  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Reliable indicators of rapid drought onset can help to improve the effectiveness of drought early warning systems. In this study, the evaporative stress index (ESI), which uses remotely sensed thermal infrared imagery to estimate ...

Jason A. Otkin; Martha C. Anderson; Christopher Hain; Iliana E. Mladenova; Jeffrey B. Basara; Mark Svoboda

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Novel Threat-risk Index Using Probabilistic Risk Assessment and Human Reliability Analysis - Final Report  

SciTech Connect

In support of a national need to improve the current state-of-the-art in alerting decision makers to the risk of terrorist attack, a quantitative approach employing scientific and engineering concepts to develop a threat-risk index was undertaken at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL). As a result of this effort, a set of models has been successfully integrated into a single comprehensive model known as Quantitative Threat-Risk Index Model (QTRIM), with the capability of computing a quantitative threat-risk index on a system level, as well as for the major components of the system. Such a threat-risk index could provide a quantitative variant or basis for either prioritizing security upgrades or updating the current qualitative national color-coded terrorist threat alert.

George A. Beitel

2004-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Index Revision, House Price Risk, and the Market for House Price Derivatives  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

bias in repeat-sales home price indices. Freddie Mac workingpaper #05–03. Index Revision, House Price Risk, and theMarket for House Price Derivatives Calhoun, C. A. (1996).

Deng, Yongheng; Quigley, John M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Analytic calculation of Witten index in D= 2 supersymmetric Yang-Mills quantum mechanics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We evaluate analytically the Witten index of D= 2 supersymmetric Yang-Mills quantum mechanics. We rederive a known result for the SU(2) gauge group and generalize it to any SU(N) gauge group.

Korcyl, Piotr [M. Smoluchowski Institute of Physics, Jagiellonian University, Reymonta 4, 30-059 Krakow (Poland)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

314

Recently, S&P 500 Index and WTI crude oil futures price ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Over the past few weeks (July 1 through August 19), the movement of oil prices has closely mirrored that of the Standard and Poors (S&P) 500 Index.

315

Behavior of the Refractive Index Structure Parameter in the Entraining Convective Boundary Layer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The refractive index structure parameter CN2 has contributions from the temperature and humidity structure parameters Cr2 and CQ2 and from the joint structure parameter CTQ. We briefly review the behavior of these structure parameters in the ...

J. C. Wyngaard; M. A. LeMone

1980-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Application of Wavelet Transform to Meteosat-Derived Cold Cloud Index Data over South America  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cold cloud index (CCI) data derived from Meteosat infrared imagery are used to detect periodicities in convective activity in South America. The generally used Fourier transform (FT) cannot provide time-localized information but gives information ...

Srinivasa Rao Chapa; Vadlamudi Brahmananda Rao; Gannabathula Sri Sesha Durga Prasad

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Mechanism of Zonal Index Evolution in a Two-Layer Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A mechanism that drives a zonal jet to meander in the meridional direction is investigated with a two-layer multiwave quasigeostrophic ?-plant channel model. This model isolates the zonal index characteristics of a purely eddy-driven jet. ...

Sukyoung Lee; Steven Feldstein

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Measuring High-Frequency Humidity, Temperature and Radio Refractive Index in the Surface Layer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Three different instrument systems are compared in their ability to either directly or indirectly measure humidity, temperature, and refractive-index fluctuations. Each system consists of a basic instrument—a Lyman-? hygrometer, an infrared ...

J. T. Priestley; R. J. Hill

1985-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

A Comparison of Weekly Monitoring Methods of the Palmer Drought Index  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method for weekly monitoring of the Palmer Drought Index (PDI) by using four parallel month-long calculation chains in rotation (“ROLLING” method) was tested for the Kansas Northwest Climate Division and the South Carolina Southern Climate ...

Jinyoung Rhee; Gregory J. Carbone

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Aerosols in forecasts of the UV index: A comparison of different approaches  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The DWD provides forecasts of the UV Index as a public service to raise awareness for the negative influence of UV radiation on human health. Revising the current forecast algorithm

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "index a-z index" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Multiseason Lead Forecast of the North Atlantic Power Dissipation Index (PDI) and Accumulated Cyclone Energy (ACE)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

By considering the intensity, duration, and frequency of tropical cyclones, the power dissipation index (PDI) and accumulated cyclone energy (ACE) are concise metrics routinely used to assess tropical storm activity. This study focuses on the ...

Gabriele Villarini; Gabriel A. Vecchi

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Using Human Language Technology for Automatic Annotation and Indexing of Digital Library Content  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we show how we used robust human language technology, such as our domain-independent and customisable named entity recogniser, for automatic content annotation and indexing in two digital library applications. Each of these applications ...

Kalina Bontcheva; Diana Maynard; Hamish Cunningham; Horacio Saggion

2002-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

A Station-Based Southern Annular Mode Index from 1884 to 2005  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Atmospheric pressure observations from the Southern Hemisphere are used to estimate monthly and annually averaged indexes of the southern annular mode (SAM) back to 1884. This analysis groups all relevant observations in the following four ...

Martin Visbeck

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

On the Proper Use of Satellite-Derived Leaf Area Index in Climate Modeling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Satellite-observed leaf area index (LAI) is increasingly being used in climate modeling. In common land surface models, LAI is specified for the vegetated part only. In contrast, satellite LAI is defined for the total area including both ...

Jianjun Ge

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Weather-Index Drought Insurance in Burkina-Faso: Assessment of Its Potential Interest to Farmers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

By using a detailed agricultural and climate dataset over Burkina-Faso and simple assumptions regarding the form of an insurance contract, the authors investigate the potential economic efficiency for farmers of a weather-index insurance system ...

Alexis Berg; Philippe Quirion; Benjamin Sultan

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

The Use of a High-Resolution Standardized Precipitation Index for Drought Monitoring and Assessment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A high-resolution drought-monitoring tool was developed to assess drought on multiple time scales using the standardized precipitation index (SPI). Daily precipitation data at 4-km resolution are obtained from the Advanced Hydrologic Prediction ...

D. Brent McRoberts; John W. Nielsen-Gammon

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Validation of Environment Canada and NOAA UV Index Forecasts with Brewer Measurements from Canada  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ground-based ultraviolet (UV) irradiance measurements by Brewer spectrophotometers at 10 sites across Canada are compared with UV index forecasts for the same locations from Environment Canada (EC) and NOAA. For the EC forecast validation, ...

Huixia He; Vitali E. Fioletov; David W. Tarasick; Thomas W. Mathews; Craig Long

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Price control regulation in North America: role of indexing and benchmarking  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Price cap plans in regulation are designed to mimic competition. The authors present the index logic that underpins this rationale in North American plans and offer two statistical approaches - indexing and benchmarking - that play a role in determining industry and/or national productivity trends and economy and/or industry input price trends that are used to track the unit cost of the industry. (author)

Lowry, Mark N.; Getachew, Lullit

2009-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

329

Refractive index and absorption detector for liquid chromatography based on Fabry-Perot interferometry  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A refractive index and absorption detector for liquid chromatography. It is based in part on a Fabry-Perot interferometer and is used for the improved detection of refractive index and absorption. It includes a Fabry-Perot interferometer having a normally fixed first partially reflecting mirror and a movable second partially reflecting mirror. A chromatographic flow-cell is positioned between the mirrors along the optical axis of a monochromatic laser beam passing through the interferometer. A means for deriving information about the interference fringes coming out of the interferometer is used with a mini-computer to compute the refractive index of the specimen injected into the flow cell. The minicomputer continuously scans the interferometer for continuous refractive index readings and outputs the continuous results of the scans on a chart recorder. The absorption of the specimen can concurrently be scanned by including a second optical path for an excitation laser which will not interfere with the first laser, but will affect the specimen so that absorption properties can be detected. By first scanning for the refractive index of the specimen, and then immediately adding the excitation laser and subsequently scanning for the refractive index again, the absorption of the specimen can be computed and recorded.

Yeung, Edward S. (Ames, IA); Woodruff, Steven D. (Ames, IA)

1984-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

330

Refractive index and absorption detector for liquid chromatography based on Fabry-Perot interferometry  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A refractive index and absorption detector are disclosed for liquid chromatography. It is based in part on a Fabry-Perot interferometer and is used for the improved detection of refractive index and absorption. It includes a Fabry-Perot interferometer having a normally fixed first partially reflecting mirror and a movable second partially reflecting mirror. A chromatographic flow-cell is positioned between the mirrors along the optical axis of a monochromatic laser beam passing through the interferometer. A means for deriving information about the interference fringes coming out of the interferometer is used with a mini-computer to compute the refractive index of the specimen injected into the flow cell. The minicomputer continuously scans the interferometer for continuous refractive index readings and outputs the continuous results of the scans on a chart recorder. The absorption of the specimen can concurrently be scanned by including a second optical path for an excitation laser which will not interfere with the first laser, but will affect the specimen so that absorption properties can be detected. By first scanning for the refractive index of the specimen, and then immediately adding the excitation laser and subsequently scanning for the refractive index again, the absorption of the specimen can be computed and recorded. 10 figs.

Yeung, E.S.; Woodruff, S.D.

1984-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

331

Review of sustainability indices and indicators: Towards a new City Sustainability Index (CSI)  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this paper is to discuss conceptual requirements for a City Sustainability Index (CSI) and to review existing major sustainability indices/indicators in terms of the requirements. The following indices are reviewed: Ecological Footprint (EF), Environmental Sustainability Index (ESI), Dashboard of Sustainability (DS), Welfare Index, Genuine Progress Indicator (GPI), Index of Sustainable Economic Welfare, City Development Index, emergy/exergy, Human Development Index (HDI), Environmental Vulnerability Index (EVI), Environmental Policy Index (EPI), Living Planet Index (LPI), Environmentally-adjusted Domestic Product (EDP), Genuine Saving (GS), and some applications of composite indices or/and multivariate indicators to local or regional context as case studies. The key conceptual requirements for an adequate CSI are: (i) to consider environmental, economic and social aspects (the triple bottom line of sustainability) from the viewpoint of strong sustainability; (ii) to capture external impacts (leakage effects) of city on other areas beyond the city boundaries particularly in terms of environmental aspects; (iii) to create indices/indicators originally for the purpose of assessing city sustainability; and (iv) to be able to assess world cities in both developed and developing countries using common axes of evaluation. Based on the review, we conclude that it is necessary to create a new CSI that enables us to assess and compare cities' sustainability performance in order to understand the global impact of cities on the environment and human life as compared with their economic contribution. In the future, the CSI will be able to provide local authorities with guidance toward sustainable paths. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We derive the four key requirements for a new City Sustainability Index (CSI) system. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer First, the triple bottom line must be considered in terms of strong sustainability. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Second, environmental leakage effects beyond city boundaries should be captured. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Third, 'city sustainability' should be originally considered when CSI is created. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Fourth, cities in developed and developing countries can be evaluated without bias.

Mori, Koichiro, E-mail: kmori@iis.u-tokyo.ac.jp [Institute of Industrial Science, University of Tokyo (Japan); Christodoulou, Aris, E-mail: aris.christodoulou@ucl.ac.uk [Centre for Transport Studies, University College London (United Kingdom)

2012-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

332

An analysis of muscle fatigue due to complex tasks and its relation to the strain index  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Strain Index was originally designed to analyze mono-task jobs. An experiment using a grip dynamometer was used to simulate six multiple task jobs to study the effect of complex tasks on localized muscle fatigue and to evaluate six different models used to calcula te a Complex Strain Index score. These models included average Strain Index score, unadjusted summation, duration adjusted summation, complex equation, minimum intensity, and peak intensity. Two methods of calculating a continuous Strain Index score were also analyzed. Ratings of perceived exertion, hand and forearm fatigue and discomfort, Difficulty Rating, maximum voluntary contraction (MVC), and percent strength loss were recorded for each of the six treatments. Electromyography (EMG) was also recorded for the 24 subjects (12 males and females) who completed the experiment. The EMG signal was analyzed using root mean square (RMS), initial mean power frequency (IMnPF), and slope of the mean power frequency (MnPF). Each treatment, lasting one hour each, contained a primary exertion (Task 1) of either 10% or 40% MVC for three seconds and a secondary exertion (Task 2) of either 10% or 40% MVC for one or three seconds. Subjective variables linearly increased (R2 > 0.88) over the duration of the treatments and significantly differed between treatments (p 0.05). A significant difference was found for MnPF slope pre and post treatment, but no treatment effect was found (p > 0.05). The complex equation method of calculating a Strain Index score was the only model of the six evaluated that met all criteria for being an acceptable method of calculating a Complex Strain Index score. The two continuous methods presented for calculating a Strain Index score should not be used for job analysis until further research evaluates their reliability, validity, and critical scores for Hazard Classification.

Stephens, John-Paul

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

The X-tree: An Index Structure for High-Dimensional Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we propose a new method for indexing large amounts of point and spatial data in highdimensional space. An analysis shows that index structures such as the R*-tree are not adequate for indexing high-dimensional data sets. The major problem of R-tree-based index structures is the overlap of the bounding boxes in the directory, which increases with growing dimension. To avoid this problem, we introduce a new organization of the directory which uses a split algorithm minimizing overlap and additionally utilizes the concept of supernodes. The basic idea of overlap-minimizing split and supernodes is to keep the directory as hierarchical as possible, and at the same time to avoid splits in the directory that would result in high overlap. Our experiments show that for high-dimensional data, the X-tree outperforms the well-known R*-tree and the TV-tree by up to two orders of magnitude. 1. Introduction In many applications, indexing of high-dimensional data has become increasingl...

Stefan Berchtold; Daniel A. Keim; Hans-Peter Kriegel

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Method of producing optical quality glass having a selected refractive index  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Optical quality glass having a selected refractive index is produced by a two stage drying process. A gel is produced using sol-gel chemistry techniques and first dried by controlled evaporation until the gel volume reaches a pre-selected value. This pre-selected volume determines the density and refractive index of the finally dried gel. The gel is refilled with solvent in a saturated vapor environment, and then dried again by supercritical extraction of the solvent to form a glass. The glass has a refractive index less than the full density of glass, and the range of achievable refractive indices depends on the composition of the glass. Glasses having different refractive indices chosen from an uninterrupted range of values can be produced from a single precursor solution.

Poco, John F. (Livermore, CA); Hrubesh, Lawrence W. (Livermore, CA)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Near the sill of the conformal window: gauge theories with fermions in two-index representations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We apply Schroedinger functional methods to two gauge theories with fermions in two-index representations: the SU(3) theory with Nf=2 adjoint fermions, and the SU(4) theory with Nf=6 fermions in the two-index antisymmetric representation. Each theory is believed to lie near the bottom of the conformal window for its respective representation. In the SU(3) theory we find a small beta function in strong coupling but we cannot confirm or rule out an infrared fixed point. In the SU(4) theory we find a hint of walking - a beta function that approaches the axis and then turns away from it. In both theories the mass anomalous dimension remains small even at the strongest couplings, much like the theories with fermions in the two-index symmetric representation investigated earlier.

Thomas DeGrand; Yigal Shamir; Benjamin Svetitsky

2013-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

336

Global Leaf Area Index Data from Field Measurements, 1932-2000  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Published estimates of leaf area index (LAI), covering the period Published estimates of leaf area index (LAI), covering the period 1932-2000, have been compiled at the ORNL DAAC into a single data set to support model development and EOS MODIS product validation. Like net primary productivity (NPP), leaf area index (LAI) is a key parameter for global and regional models of biosphere/atmosphere exchange of carbon dioxide, water vapor, etc. This data set provides a benchmark of typical values and ranges of LAI for a variety of biomes and land cover types, in support of model development and validation of satellite-derived remote-sensing estimates of LAI and other vegetation parameters. For example, maximum values for point measurements are unlikely to be approached or exceeded for area-weighted LAI, which is what satellites and

337

Bin-Hash Indexing: A Parallel Method for Fast Query Processing  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents a new parallel indexing data structure for answering queries. The index, called Bin-Hash, offers extremely high levels of concurrency, and is therefore well-suited for the emerging commodity of parallel processors, such as multi-cores, cell processors, and general purpose graphics processing units (GPU). The Bin-Hash approach first bins the base data, and then partitions and separately stores the values in each bin as a perfect spatial hash table. To answer a query, we first determine whether or not a record satisfies the query conditions based on the bin boundaries. For the bins with records that can not be resolved, we examine the spatial hash tables. The procedures for examining the bin numbers and the spatial hash tables offer the maximum possible level of concurrency; all records are able to be evaluated by our procedure independently in parallel. Additionally, our Bin-Hash procedures access much smaller amounts of data than similar parallel methods, such as the projection index. This smaller data footprint is critical for certain parallel processors, like GPUs, where memory resources are limited. To demonstrate the effectiveness of Bin-Hash, we implement it on a GPU using the data-parallel programming language CUDA. The concurrency offered by the Bin-Hash index allows us to fully utilize the GPU's massive parallelism in our work; over 12,000 records can be simultaneously evaluated at any one time. We show that our new query processing method is an order of magnitude faster than current state-of-the-art CPU-based indexing technologies. Additionally, we compare our performance to existing GPU-based projection index strategies.

Bethel, Edward W; Gosink, Luke J.; Wu, Kesheng; Bethel, Edward Wes; Owens, John D.; Joy, Kenneth I.

2008-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

338

Index integral representations for connection between cartesian, cylindrical, and spheroidal systems  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, we present two new index integral representations for connection between cartesian, cylindrical, and spheroidal coordinate systems in terms of Bessel, MacDonald, and conical functions. Our result is mainly motivated by solution of the boundary value problems in domains composed of both cartesian and hyperboloidal boundaries, and the need for new integral representations that facilitate the transformation between these coordinates. As a by-product, the special cases of our results will produce new proofs to known index integrals and provide some new integral identities.

Passian, Ali [ORNL; Koucheckian, Sherwin [University of South Florida, Tampa; Yakubovich, Semyon [University of Porto, Portugal

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

An Operational Energy Consumption Evaluation Index System for Large Public Buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Large public buildings have been the emphasis of energy conservation in China. In this paper, the design and operational energy consumption evaluation indices for large public buildings are generalized, their differences and deficiencies are analyzed, and the evaluation indices of each kind of key equipment and the whole heating and air-conditioning system are put forward from the point of view of usage efficiency of energy. The energy consumption evaluation index system for large public buildings is primarily established. The calculation method of each kind of energy consumption evaluation index is given, which provides the foundation for further studies on energy consumption for large public buildings.

Li, Y.; Zhang, J.; Sun, D.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Index to place of publication of ASME Papers, 1978--1988  

SciTech Connect

This index is a list of American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) Papers that are reprinted in the ASME Transactions series of journals. ASME Papers are often cited only by their paper number, making it difficult to determine if the article has ever appeared in print in the journal literature. This index will be useful for tracking down those papers published as journal articles by the ASME. It will also serve as a guide for retention for subscribers to the ASME Papers and Transaction Series. Paper numbers that appear in the journals may be weeded from the collection of ASME Papers.

Youngen, G.K. (comp.)

1990-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "index a-z index" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Refractive index gradient measurement across the thickness of a dielectric film by the prism coupling method  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method is proposed for measuring the refractive index gradient n(z) in nonuniformly thick dielectric films. The method is based on the excitation of waveguide modes in a film using the prism coupling technique and on the calculation of n(z) and film thickness H{sub f} with the help of the angular positions of the TE or TM modes. The method can be used for an arbitrary shape of the index modulation over the film thickness in the limit of a small gradient [{Delta} n(z)/n(z) || 1]. (laser applications and other topics in quantum electronics)

Sokolov, Viktor I; Panchenko, Vladislav Ya; Seminogov, V N [Institute of Laser and Information Technologies, Russian Academy of Sciences, Troitsk, Moscow Region (Russian Federation)

2012-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

342

HELP index  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and fifth grades in a simulation. Problem-solving, decision-making, and research skills, as well as persuasive discourse and social studies content are emphasized. Authors:...

343

Program Index  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Davis, A .............................................................. 210. Davis, B........................................... . 43, 86 ...... Lynn, K .............................................................. 159. M. M'Hamdi, M ..

344

ATP Index  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Goldscheider, Robert. Companion to Licensing Negotiations: Licensing Law Handbook 1993-94. Deerfield, Il: Clark, Boardman, Callaghan, 1993. ...

2010-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

345

Index ABC  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 92 Electric vehicles Electric vehicle supply equipment ..... 135 Electricity sold as vehicle fuel ..... ...

2013-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

346

AUTHOR INDEX  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

622 Neal, R.B. ... 101, 111 Newman, M.J. ... 165 Nguyen Tuong Viet ... 171 Novak, J.K. ... 886 -O- Oswald,...

347

Index ABC  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 109 Sand, rock, gravel, stone, paving stone, similar materials ... 75 Reusable (returnable) glass..... 84 ...

2012-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

348

Large-Scale Diurnal Variations of Tropical Cold Cloudiness Based on a Simple Cloud Indexing Method  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Diurnal variations of cold cloudiness during a 2-year period (October 1985–September 1987) over the tropical arm covered by Meteosat (from 23°N to 23°S and from 60°E to 60°W) are studied using a simple precipitation index based on infrared data ...

Wassila Thiao; Olli M. Turpeinen

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

12 TUGboat, Volume 19 (1998), No. 1 : An Author/Editor Indexing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the running text eventually produce a reference to a bibliographic entry. While the description here assumes} Since the expansion of that citation in the running text may not be known until the bibliographic data.95. The software for full-text indexing described in this book, and errata for the book, are available from ftp

Beebe, Nelson H. F.

350

Nonparametric inference in small data sets of spatially indexed curves with application to ionospheric trend determination  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper is concerned with estimation and testing in data sets consisting of a small number (about 20-30) of curves observed at unevenly distributed spatial locations. Such data structures may be referred to as spatially indexed functional data. Motivated ... Keywords: Functional data, Ionosphere, Long-term trend, Nonparametric inference, Spatial statistics

Oleksandr Gromenko; Piotr Kokoszka

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Influence of leaf area index prescriptions on simulations of heat, moisture, and carbon fluxes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Leaf-area index (LAI), the total one-sided surface area of leaf per ground surface area, is a key component of land surface models. We investigate the influence of differing, plausible LAI prescriptions on heat, moisture, and carbon fluxes ...

Jatin Kala; Mark Decker; Jean-François Exbrayat; Andy J. Pitman; Claire Carouge; Jason P. Evans; Gab Abramowitz; David Mocko

352

Index of Primary Contacts, excerpt from 2007 DOE Hydrogen Program Annual Progress Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

99 99 FY 2007 Annual Progress Report DOE Hydrogen Program XIII. Index of Primary Contacts A Aardahl, Chris . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 492 Aaron, Tim. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 Abu-Omar, Mahdi . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 767 Aceves, Salvador . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 302, 605, 1075 Acquaviva, Jim. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109 Adams, Thad . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114 Adrianowycz, Orest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 722 Adzic, Radoslav . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 751 Ahluwalia, Rajesh . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 611, 675 Ahmed, S. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 Ahn, Channing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

353

California Elder Economic Security Initiative (Cal-EESI) How the Elder Index is Used  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

California Elder Economic Security Initiative (Cal-EESI) How the Elder Index is Used The Elder they need to be economically stable. California Policymakers and other legislative partners use the Elder Dignity Act of 2009 (AB 324, Beall) passed in the California State Legislature with bipartisan support

Dhir, Vijay

354

An Evaluation of Winter Weather Severity in the United States Using the Weather Stress Index  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of this study is to provide an evaluation of the magnitude of apparent temperature and the weather stress index (WSI) in winter across the United States. In addition, two extremely cold winters, 1976–77 and 1981–82, are analyzed in ...

Laurence S. Kalkstein; Kathleen M. Valimont

1987-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Three-dimensional metamaterials with an ultra-high effective refractive index over broad bandwidth  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The authors introduce a general mechanism, based on electrostatic and magnetostatic considerations, for designing three-dimensional isotopic metamaterials that possess an enhanced refractive index over an extremely large frequency range. The mechanism allows nearly independent control of effective electric permittivity and magnetic permeability without the use of resonant elements.

Jonghwa Shin; Jung-Tsung Shen; Shanhui Fan

2008-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

356

Four-wave mixing, quantum control and compensating losses in doped negative-index photonic metamaterials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The possibility of compensating absorption in negative-index metatamterials (NIMs) doped by resonant nonlinear-optical centers is shown. The role of quantum interference and extraordinary properties of four-wave parametric amplification of counter-propagating electromagnetic waves in NIMs are discussed.

Popov, Alexander K; George, Thomas F; Shalaev, Vladimir M

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Four-wave mixing, quantum control and compensating losses in doped negative-index photonic metamaterials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The possibility of compensating absorption in negative-index metatamterials (NIMs) doped by resonant nonlinear-optical centers is shown. The role of quantum interference and extraordinary properties of four-wave parametric amplification of counter-propagating electromagnetic waves in NIMs are discussed.

Alexander K. Popov; Sergey A. Myslivets; Thomas F. George; Vladimir M. Shalaev

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Modeling movements in oil, gold, forex and market indices using search volume index and Twitter sentiments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Study of the forecasting models using large scale microblog discussions and the search behavior data can provide a good insight for better understanding the market movements. In this work we collected a dataset of 2 million tweets and search volume index ... Keywords: Twitter, data mining, forex, gold, microblogging, oil, sentiment analysis, social network analysis, stock market

Tushar Rao, Saket Srivastava

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

CM-tree: A dynamic clustered index for similarity search in metric databases  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Repositories of unstructured data types, such as free text, images, audio and video, have been recently emerging in various fields. A general searching approach for such data types is that of similarity search, where the search is for similar objects ... Keywords: Clustering methods, Database indexing, Metric access methods, Metric spaces, Similarity search

Lior Aronovich; Israel Spiegler

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

A data-driven multidimensional indexing method for datamining in astrophysical databases  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Large archives and digital sky surveys with dimensions of 1012 bytes currently exist, while in the near future they will reach sizes of the order of 1015. Numerical simulations are also producing comparable volumes of information. ... Keywords: VAMSplit R-tree, multidimensional indexing, nearest-neighbor query, one-class SVM, point sources

Marco Frailis; Alessandro De Angelis; Vito Roberto

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "index a-z index" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Start | Author Index 742-2 Kinetics of Arsenic Transformations in the Soil Environment.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Start | Author Index 742-2 Kinetics of Arsenic Transformations in the Soil Environment. Wednesday of Delaware, 152 Townsend Hall, Center for Critical Zone Research, Dept. of Plant and Soil Sciences, Newark, DE 19716 and Donald L. Sparks, Department of Plant and Soil Sciences and the Center for Critical Zone

Sparks, Donald L.

362

High-precision diode-laser-based temperature measurement for air refractive index compensation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a laser-based system to measure the refractive index of air over a long path length. In optical distance measurements, it is essential to know the refractive index of air with high accuracy. Commonly, the refractive index of air is calculated from the properties of the ambient air using either Ciddor or Edlen equations, where the dominant uncertainty component is in most cases the air temperature. The method developed in this work utilizes direct absorption spectroscopy of oxygen to measure the average temperature of air and of water vapor to measure relative humidity. The method allows measurement of temperature and humidity over the same beam path as in optical distance measurement, providing spatially well-matching data. Indoor and outdoor measurements demonstrate the effectiveness of the method. In particular, we demonstrate an effective compensation of the refractive index of air in an interferometric length measurement at a time-variant and spatially nonhomogeneous temperature over a long time period. Further, we were able to demonstrate 7 mK RMS noise over a 67 m path length using a 120 s sample time. To our knowledge, this is the best temperature precision reported for a spectroscopic temperature measurement.

Hieta, Tuomas; Merimaa, Mikko; Vainio, Markku; Seppae, Jeremias; Lassila, Antti

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Agricultural productivity potential assessment by using rainfall contribution index in Sub-Sahara Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Food deficit alleviation is the most important aspect for poverty reduction in the entire Sub-Sahara African (SSA) region. This alleviation can be achieved by increasing agricultural productivity. The deficit is in one way or the other attributed to ... Keywords: agricultural water, effective rainfall, food deficit, planting period, productivity, rainfall contribution index

Yu-Min Wang; Seydou Traore; Willy Namaona; Tienfuan Kerh

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Regulatory and technical reports (abstract index journal): Annual compilation for 1997. Volume 22, Number 4  

SciTech Connect

This journal includes all formal reports in the NUREG series prepared by the NRC staff and contractors; proceedings of conferences and workshops; as well as international agreement reports. The entries in this compilation are indexed for access by title and abstract, secondary report number, personal author, subject, NRC organization for staff and international agreements, contractor, international organization, and licensed facility.

NONE

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Predicting Large-Area Corn Yield with a Weighted Palmer Z-Index  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Palmer's z-index, calculated to reflect only the planting-emergence and anthesis-grainfill stages of the growing season, is related with detrended corn yields to produce a predictive model for Illinois corn production. The model is evaluated to ...

Scott A. Isard; William E. Easterling

1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Solar Reflectance Index (SRI) Calculation Worksheet SRI-WS Computer Generated Form  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solar Reflectance Index (SRI) Calculation Worksheet SRI-WS Computer Generated Form Date: Climate Roof) Roofing products with high solar reflectance and thermal emittance are referred to as "Cool Roof hot, light-colored surfaces reflect solar energy and stay cooler. However, high emittance is also

367

ARIMA Model Estimated by Particle Swarm Optimization Algorithm for Consumer Price Index Forecasting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents an ARIMA model which uses particle swarm optimization algorithm (PSO) for model estimation. Because the traditional estimation method is complex and may obtain very bad results, PSO which can be implemented with ease and has a powerful ... Keywords: ARIMA model, Consumer price index, Moment estimation, Particle swarm optimization algorithm

Hongjie Wang; Weigang Zhao

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

The stock index forecast based on dynamic recurrent neural network trained with GA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

neural networks applied in forecasting stock price, at present, the most widely used neural network is BPThe stock index forecast based on dynamic recurrent neural network trained with GA Fang Yixian1In order to forecast the stock market more accurately, according to the dynamic property for the stock

369

An Ocean Refractometer: Resolving Millimeter-Scale Turbulent Density Fluctuations via the Refractive Index  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A fiberoptic sensor has been constructed to measure oceanic density fluctuations via their refractive index signature. The resolution (?z = 1 mm, ?t = 0.2 ms) and precision (?n < 10?8, ?? = 3.4 × 10?5 kg m?3) of the device are far better than ...

Matthew H. Alford; David W. Gerdt; Charles M. Adkins

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Human Language Technology for Automatic Annotation and Indexing of Digital Library Content  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This demo will present a set of domain-independent and customisable Human Language Technology (HLT) tools and the way they were applied for annotating 18th century OldBailey proceedings and indexing multimedia content. This demo accompanies the paper ...

Kalina Bontcheva; Hamish Cunningham

2002-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Data summary of municipal solid waste management alternatives. Volume 11, Alphabetically indexed bibliography  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This appendix contains the alphabetically indexed bibliography for the complete group of reports on municipal waste management alternatives. The references are listed for each of the following topics: mass burn technologies, RDF technologies, fluidized-bed combustion, pyrolysis and gasification of MSW, materials recovery- recycling technologies, sanitary landfills, composting, and anaerobic digestion of MSW.

Not Available

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

A Modified Multivariate Madden–Julian Oscillation Index Using Velocity Potential  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new Madden–Julian oscillation (MJO) index is developed from a combined empirical orthogonal function (EOF) analysis of meridionally averaged 200-hPa velocity potential (VP200), 200-hPa zonal wind (U200), and 850-hPa zonal wind (U850). Like the ...

Michael J. Ventrice; Matthew C. Wheeler; Harry H. Hendon; Carl J. Schreck III; Chris D. Thorncroft; George N. Kiladis

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Quantile index for gradual and abrupt change detection from CFB boiler sensor data in online settings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we consider the problem of online detection of gradual and abrupt changes in sensor data having high levels of noise and outliers. We propose a simple heuristic method based on the Quantile Index (QI) and study how robust this method is ...

Alexandr Maslov; Mykola Pechenizkiy; Tommi Kärkkäinen; Matti Tähtinen

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

A Comparison of Methods for Estimating the Tail Index of Heavy-tailed Internet Traffic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 A Comparison of Methods for Estimating the Tail Index of Heavy-tailed Internet Traffic Karim the effects of heavy-tailedness in network traffic patterns and shown that Internet traffic flows exhibit characteristics of self-similarity that can be explained by the heavy-tailedness of the various distributions

Davies, John N.

375

Performance Assessment of a Heat Wave Vulnerability Index for Greater London, United Kingdom  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study reports on the assessment of a multivariate heat wave vulnerability index (HVI) developed for London in the United Kingdom. The HVI is assessed in terms of its ability to predict whether mortality and ambulance call-out attain above ...

Tanja Wolf; Glenn McGregor; Antonis Analitis

376

Dynamic optimization with a new performance index for a 2-dof translational parallel manipulator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The dynamic analysis and optimization problem of a 2-DoF Translational Parallel Manipulator (TPM) is addressed in this paper. Based on the principle of virtual work and the concept of link Jacobian matrix, the explicit expressions of the dynamic model ... Keywords: global and comprehensive dynamic performance index (GCDPI), hardware in the loop simulation (HILS), operational space formulation, translational parallel manipulator

Gang Zhang; PinKuan Liu; Han Ding

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Index Terms --Smart grid; power engineering education; power engineering curriculum; power engineering re-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Index Terms -- Smart grid; power engineering education; power engineering curriculum; power the United States power system has led to an engineering initiative va- riously known as `smart grid the smart grid will be educated, how they should be trained, and to what levels of comprehension

378

Factors that affect the share price index of Taiwan's solar energy industry¡Ðthe crude oil prices and industry scale.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This paper discusses the factors that affect the share price index of Taiwan solar power industry, crude oil prices and the size of the solar… (more)

Deng, Yu-chi

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Nuclear Facility Decommissioning and Site Remedial Actions: A selected bibliography, Volume 14. Environmental Restoration Program: Part 2, Indexes  

SciTech Connect

This Part 2 of this report provides indexes of: Author, Corporate Affiliation, Title Word, Publication Description, Geographic Location, Subject Category, and Key Words.

Goins, L.F.; Webb, J.R.; Cravens, C.D.; Mallory, P.K.

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Evaluation of plant seedling water stress using dynamic fluorescence index with blue LED-based fluorescence imaging  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A dynamic fluorescence image index system capable of non-destructive assessment of water stress in cabbage seedlings was developed. The quenching curves of chlorophyll fluorescence characteristic to the plant's water stress status under reduced excitation ... Keywords: Chlorophyll fluorescence, Fluorescence image, Fluorescence index, Water stress

Shih-Chieh Hsiao; Suming Chen; I-Chang Yang; Chia-Tseng Chen; Chao-Yin Tsai; Yung-Kun Chuang; Feng-Jehng Wang; Yu-Liang Chen; Tzong-Shyan Lin; Y. Martin Lo

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "index a-z index" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Prediction of the index fund by Takagi-Sugeno fuzzy inference systems and feed-forward neural network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper presents (on the basis of passive investment strategies analysis) the design of the Takagi-Sugeno fuzzy inference system and the feed-forward neural network (with pre-processing of inputs time series) for prediction of the index fund. By means ... Keywords: Takagi-Sugeno fuzzy inference systems, feed-forward neural network, index fund, indicators of technical analysis, prediction

Vladír Olej

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Contributions to Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) research: An assessment of SCI-, SSCI-indexed papers from 2004 to 2008  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The research literature on Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) has grown exponentially in recent years. In a domain where new concepts and techniques are constantly being introduced, it is of interest to analyze recent trends in this literature. Although ... Keywords: Citation analysis, Radio Frequency Identification (RFID), Science Citation Index (SCI), Social Science Citation Index (SSCI)

Wei-Pang Liao; Tom M. Y. Lin; Shu-Hsien Liao

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Melt index prediction using optimized least squares support vector machines based on hybrid particle swarm optimization algorithm  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Melt index (MI) is considered as one of the most important variables of the quality, which determines the product specifications. Thus, a reliable estimation of MI is crucial in the quality control of the practical processes in the propylene polymerization ... Keywords: Ant colony optimization, Immune clone particle swarm optimization, Industrial polypropylene manufacture, Least squares support vector machines, Melt index prediction

Huaqin Jiang, Zhengbing Yan, Xinggao Liu

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Improvements to an Operational Clear-Air Turbulence Diagnostic Index by Addition of a Divergence Trend Term  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An operational clear-air turbulence (CAT) diagnostic index has been modified to improve its performance. The Ellrod–Knapp turbulence index (TI) was developed in the early 1990s and is in use at many aviation forecasting facilities worldwide. It ...

Gary P. Ellrod; John A. Knox

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Science Citation Index data: Two additional reasons against its use for administrative purposes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

First, for decades the use of anonymity in reviews for science funding proposals and for evaluating manuscripts for publication has been gradually corrupting American science, encouraging and rewarding the dark elements of human nature. Unethical reviewers, secure and unaccountable through anonymity, all too often make untrue and/or pejorative statements to eliminate their professional competitors. Survival in this corrupt environment has led to a consensus-only mentality. Consequently, important scientific contradictions, if they can be published at all, are selectively ignored in many instances out of fear of anonymous retaliation. Science Citation Index data in such a corrupt environment may be of little administrative value, except for possible use in documenting scientific fraud. Second, as knowledge of the administrative use of Science Citation Index data spreads, scientists will adapt and will shift to research on popular subjects to elicit greater numbers of citations, rather than to take the paths less trodden where important scientific discoveries may lay waiting.

J. Marvin Herndon

2007-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

386

Science Citation Index data: Two additional reasons against its use for administrative purposes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

First, for decades the use of anonymity in reviews for science funding proposals and for evaluating manuscripts for publication has been gradually corrupting American science, encouraging and rewarding the dark elements of human nature. Unethical reviewers, secure and unaccountable through anonymity, all too often make untrue and/or pejorative statements to eliminate their professional competitors. Survival in this corrupt environment has led to a consensus-only mentality. Consequently, important scientific contradictions, if they can be published at all, are selectively ignored in many instances out of fear of anonymous retaliation. Science Citation Index data in such a corrupt environment may be of little administrative value, except for possible use in documenting scientific fraud. Second, as knowledge of the administrative use of Science Citation Index data spreads, scientists will adapt and will shift to research on popular subjects to elicit greater numbers of citations, rather than to take the paths le...

Herndon, J M

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Keyword index to citations in "Bibliography on CO2 Effects on Vegetation and Eco  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Keyword index to citations in "Bibliography on CO2 Effects on Vegetation and Ecosystems: Keyword index to citations in "Bibliography on CO2 Effects on Vegetation and Ecosystems: 1990-1999 Literature" (Michael H. Jones and Peter S. Curtis, editors), ORNL/CDIAC-129, July 2000 (http://cdiac.esd.ornl.gov/epubs/cdiac/cdiac129/cdiac129.html) Numbers following each keyword refer to the numbers preceding the citations in the WordPerfect and ASCII text listings of the bibliography. 1,5-BISPHOSPHATE 1965 1,5-BISPHOSPHATE CARBOXYLASE 98, 878 1,5-BISPHOSPHATE CARBOXYLASE OXYGENASE 370 1,5-DIPHOSPHATE CARBOXYLASE 253 16S RDNA 1452 18TH-CENTURY ENGLAND 45 1989 FACE EXPERIMENT 1155 1-AMINOCYCLOPROPANE-1-CARBOXYLATE OXIDASE 667 1-AMINOCYCLOPROPANE-1-CARBOXYLIC ACID 524, 762-764, 1241, 1471, 1472, 1622, 1696, 2632 2,4-DICHLOROPHENOL 1368 24-H 317 280-320 NM 2475

388

A to Z Index | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

A to Z Index A to Z Index A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X Accelerating Access Charts Accelerating the Spread of Knowledge about Science and Technology, Workshop Panel Report on (806-KB PDF) Accessibility Alliances Anniversary: Sixty Years of Knowledge Sharing (1947-2007) Announcements Archive of Featured Sites Atomic Energy Act of 1946 Audio Clips Awards/Honors Blog Conference Papers and Proceedings Contact Us Customized Resources Customized Resources for Others Cyberinfrastructure Diffusion, Research DOE Accomplishments and Nobel Laureates DOE Community Feedback DOE Documents, Full-Text DOE Invention Licensing Program DOe Patent Database DOepatents DOE Physicists at Work DOE R&D Accomplishments DOE R&D Accomplishments Flyer (712-KB PDF)

389

ORNL DAAC GLOBAL LEAF AREA INDEX DATA FROM FIELD MEASUREMENTS, 1932-2000  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Home > Data > Regional/Global > Vegetation Collections > Guide Home > Data > Regional/Global > Vegetation Collections > Guide Document GLOBAL LEAF AREA INDEX DATA FROM FIELD MEASUREMENTS, 1932-2000 Get Data Summary: Approximately 1000 published estimates of leaf area index (LAI) from nearly 400 unique field sites, covering the period 1932-2000, have been compiled into a single data set. LAI is a key parameter for global and regional models of biosphere/atmosphere exchange of carbon dioxide, water vapor, etc. This data set provides a benchmark of typical values and ranges of LAI for a variety of biomes and land cover types, in support of model development and validation of satellite-derived remote sensing estimates of LAI and other vegetation parameters. The LAI data are linked to a bibliography of over 300 original-source references.

390

D-Tree: a multi-dimensional indexing structure for constructing document warehouses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Document warehouses, unlike traditional document management systems, contain extensive semantic information about documents, cross-document feature relations, and document grouping or clustering, thus providing an accurate and efficient access to business intelligence information. Since documents are multi-dimensional in nature, we claim that traditional indexing methods are not really suitable for document warehousing. In this paper, we propose an indexing structure, called the D-tree, which can facilitate the construction of document cubes. We formally present the related definitions, the design of its storage structure and related algorithms for D-trees. The above are essential for establishing an infrastructure for combining text processing methods with numeric OLAP processing technologies. Hopefully, the proposed combination of data warehousing and document warehousing will be an important kernel for knowledge management and customer relationship management applications.

Frank S. C. Tseng; Wen-Ping Lin

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Primary Contacts Index; DOE Hydrogen Program FY 2009 Annual Progress Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 3 FY 2009 Annual Progress Report DOE Hydrogen Program XIII. Primary Contacts Index A Aceves, Salvador . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 336, 771, 1257 Adams, Thad . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95, 358 Adrianowycz, Orest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1108 Ahluwalia, Rajesh . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 714, 919 Ahmed, Shabbir . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49, 1274 Ahn, Channing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 487, 625 Allendorf, Mark . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 498 Anton, Donald . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 483, 675, 720 Arif, Muhammad . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 952 Autrey, Tom . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 528, 846 B Bain, Richard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 Balachandran, U . (Balu) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 Baldwin, Don . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 350 Barclay, John . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 327 Barton, Tom . . . .

392

In-Plane Focusing of Terahertz Surface Waves on a Gradient Index Metamaterial Film  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We designed and implemented a gradient index metasurface for the in-plane focusing of confined terahertz surface waves. We measured the spatial propagation of the surface waves by two-dimensional mapping of the complex electric field using a terahertz near-field spectroscope. The surface waves were focused to a diameter of 500 \\micro m after a focal length of approx. 2 mm. In the focus, we measured a field amplitude enhancement of a factor of 3.

Volk, Martin F; Neu, Jens; Beigang, René; Rahm, Marco

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

1989 OCRWM [Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management] Bulletin compilation and index  

SciTech Connect

The OCRWM Bulletin is published by the Department of Energy, Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management to provide current information about the national program for managing spent fuel and high-level radioactive waste. This document is a compilation of issues from the 1989 calendar year. A table of contents and one index have been provided to assist in finding information contained in this year`s Bulletins. The pages have been numbered consecutively at the bottom for easy reference. 7 figs.

1990-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

A Thermal Sensation Index for Real-Time Tuning and Energy-Optimal Control of HVAC Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we discuss and develop a thermal comfort index that addresses the limitations of applying thermal comfort indices to control applications. The derivation closely follows the derivation of PMV, but certain changes and simplifications make the index an explicit, linearly parameterized function of environmental variables. We show that the differences between the derivation of this index and the derivation of PMV do not reduce the accuracy of the index in comparison to PMV. Since this index is linearly parameterized, the parameters can be quickly and efficiently tuned in real time to reflect the thermal sensation of the specific occupant. Parameter tuning makes it possible to accurately predict the thermal sensation of the occupant without exact knowledge of the activity level or clothing insulation of the occupant when these two quantities are known to be constant. Additionally, the tuning process makes the thermal sensation prediction relatively insensitive to sensor location because biases and scaling errors are absorbed by the estimated parameters. Real-time parameter tuning is demonstrated experimentally for a seated, stationary occupant. The feasibility of using variable air flow and variable heat flow to regulate the thermal sensation index in a way that minimizes power consumption is investigated. The simplified index provides a quantitative means for determining the most energy efficient comfortable conditions. The analysis demonstrates that for low to moderate outdoor relative humidity there is an energy optimal combination of air flow and heat flow.

Federspiel, C. C.; Norford, L.

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

HDF5-FastQuery: An API for Simplifying Access to Data Storage,Retrieval, Indexing and Querying  

SciTech Connect

This work focuses on research and development activities that bridge a gap between fundamental data management technology index, query, storage and retrieval and use of such technology in computational and computer science algorithms and applications. The work has resulted in a streamlined applications programming interface (API) that simplifies data storage and retrieval using the HDF5 data I/O library, and eases use of the FastBit compressed bitmap indexing software for data indexing/querying. The API, which we call HDF5-FastQuery, will have broad applications in domain sciences as well as associated data analysis and visualization applications.

Bethel, E. Wes; Gosink, Luke; Shalf, John; Stockinger, Kurt; Wu,Kesheng

2006-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

396

KWOC (Key-Word-Out-of-Context) Index of US Nuclear Regulatory Commission Regulatory Guide Series  

SciTech Connect

To meet the objectives of the program funded by the Department of Energy (DOE)-Nuclear Energy (NE) Technology Support Programs, the Performance Assurance Project Office (PAPO) administers a Performance Assurance Information Program that collects, compiles, and distributes program-related information, reports, and publications for the benefit of the DOE-NE program participants. THE KWOC Index of US Nuclear Regulatory Commission Regulatory Guide Series'' is prepared as an aid in searching for specific topics in the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Regulatory Guide Series.

Jennings, S.D.

1990-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Non-magnetic nano-composites for optical and infrared negative refraction index media  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We develop an approach to use nanostructured plasmonic materials as a non-magnetic negative-refractive index system at optical and near-infrared frequencies. In contrast to conventional negative refraction materials, our design does not require periodicity and thus is highly tolerant to fabrication defects. Moreover, since the proposed materials are intrinsically non-magnetic, their performance is not limited to proximity of a resonance so that the resulting structure has relatively low loss. We develop the analytical description of the relevant electromagnetic phenomena and justify our analytic results via numerical solutions of Maxwell equations.

Robyn Wangberg; Justin Elser; Evgenii E. Narimanov; Viktor A. Podolskiy

2005-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

398

Nuclear Energy Readiness Indicator Index (NERI): A benchmarking tool for assessing nuclear capacity in developing countries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Declining natural resources, rising oil prices, looming climate change and the introduction of nuclear energy partnerships, such as GNEP, have reinvigorated global interest in nuclear energy. The convergence of such issues has prompted countries to move ahead quickly to deal with the challenges that lie ahead. However, developing countries, in particular, often lack the domestic infrastructure and public support needed to implement a nuclear energy program in a safe, secure, and nonproliferation-conscious environment. How might countries become ready for nuclear energy? What is needed is a framework for assessing a country's readiness for nuclear energy. This paper suggests that a Nuclear Energy Readiness Indicator (NERI) Index might serve as a meaningful basis for assessing a country's status in terms of progress toward nuclear energy utilization under appropriate conditions. The NERI Index is a benchmarking tool that measures a country's level of 'readiness' for nonproliferation-conscious nuclear energy development. NERI first identifies 8 key indicators that have been recognized by the International Atomic Energy Agency as key nonproliferation and security milestones to achieve prior to establishing a nuclear energy program. It then measures a country's progress in each of these areas on a 1-5 point scale. In doing so NERI illuminates gaps or underdeveloped areas in a country's nuclear infrastructure with a view to enable stakeholders to prioritize the allocation of resources toward programs and policies supporting international nonproliferation goals through responsible nuclear energy development. On a preliminary basis, the indicators selected include: (1) demonstrated need; (2) expressed political support; (3) participation in nonproliferation and nuclear security treaties, international terrorism conventions, and export and border control arrangements; (4) national nuclear-related legal and regulatory mechanisms; (5) nuclear infrastructure; (6) the utilization of IAEA technical assistance; (7) participation in regional arrangements; and (8) public support for nuclear power. In this paper, the Index aggregates the indicators and evaluates and compares the level of readiness in seven countries that have recently expressed various degrees of interest in establishing a nuclear energy program. The NERI Index could be a valuable tool to be utilized by: (1) country officials who are considering nuclear power; (2) the international community, desiring reassurance of a country's capacity for the peaceful, safe, and secure use of nuclear energy; (3) foreign governments/NGO's, seeking to prioritize and direct resources toward developing countries; and (4) private stakeholders interested in nuclear infrastructure investment opportunities.

Saum-Manning,L.

2008-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

399

Data Parallel Bin-Based Indexing for Answering Queries on Multi-Core Architectures  

SciTech Connect

The multi-core trend in CPUs and general purpose graphics processing units (GPUs) offers new opportunities for the database community. The increase of cores at exponential rates is likely to affect virtually every server and client in the coming decade, and presents database management systems with a huge, compelling disruption that will radically change how processing is done. This paper presents a new parallel indexing data structure for answering queries that takes full advantage of the increasing thread-level parallelism emerging in multi-core architectures. In our approach, our Data Parallel Bin-based Index Strategy (DP-BIS) first bins the base data, and then partitions and stores the values in each bin as a separate, bin-based data cluster. In answering a query, the procedures for examining the bin numbers and the bin-based data clusters offer the maximum possible level of concurrency; each record is evaluated by a single thread and all threads are processed simultaneously in parallel. We implement and demonstrate the effectiveness of DP-BIS on two multi-core architectures: a multi-core CPU and a GPU. The concurrency afforded by DP-BIS allows us to fully utilize the thread-level parallelism provided by each architecture--for example, our GPU-based DP-BIS implementation simultaneously evaluates over 12,000 records with an equivalent number of concurrently executing threads. In comparing DP-BIS's performance across these architectures, we show that the GPU-based DP-BIS implementation requires significantly less computation time to answer a query than the CPU-based implementation. We also demonstrate in our analysis that DP-BIS provides better overall performance than the commonly utilized CPU and GPU-based projection index. Finally, due to data encoding, we show that DP-BIS accesses significantly smaller amounts of data than index strategies that operate solely on a column's base data; this smaller data footprint is critical for parallel processors that possess limited memory resources (e.g., GPUs).

Gosink, Luke; Wu, Kesheng; Bethel, E. Wes; Owens, John D.; Joy, Kenneth I.

2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

400

Reliability measures for indexed semi-Markov chains applied to wind energy production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The computation of the dependability measures is a crucial point in the planning and development of a wind farm. In this paper we address the issue of energy production by wind turbine by using an indexed semi-Markov chain as a model of wind speed. We present the mathematical model, we describe the data and technical characteristics of a commercial wind turbine (Aircon HAWT-10kW). We show how to compute some of the main dependability measures such as reliability, availability and maintainability functions. We compare the results of the model with real energy production obtained from data available in the Lastem station (Italy) and sampled every 10 minutes.

D'Amico, Guglielmo; Prattico, Flavio

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "index a-z index" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Developing an Index to Measure Urban Heat Island Effect Using Satellite Land Skin Temperature and Land Cover Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new index of calculating the intensity of urban heat island effects (UHI) for a city using satellite skin temperature and land cover observations is recommended. UHI, the temperature difference between urban and rural regions, is traditionally ...

Menglin S. Jin

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Timing and patterns of ENSO signal in Africa over the last 30 years: insights from Normalized Difference Vegetation Index data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A more complete picture of the timing and patterns of ENSO signal during the seasonal cycle for the whole of Africa over the three last decades is provided using the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index. Indeed, NDVI has a higher spatial ...

N Philippon; N Martiny; P Camberlin; M. T Hoffman; V Gond

403

Nuclear facility decommissioning and site remedial actions: A selected bibliography, Volume 13: Part 2, Indexes. Environmental Restoration Program  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This is part 2 of a bibliography on nuclear facility decommissioning and site remedial action. This report contains indexes on the following: authors, corporate affiliation, title words, publication description, geographic location, subject category, and key word.

Goins, L.F.; Webb, J.R.; Cravens, C.D.; Mallory, P.K.

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

A Poisson Regression Index for Tropical Cyclone Genesis and the Role of Large-Scale Vorticity in Genesis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Poisson regression between the observed climatology of tropical cyclogenesis (TCG) and large-scale climate variables is used to construct a TCG index. The regression methodology is objective and provides a framework for the selection of the ...

Michael K. Tippett; Suzana J. Camargo; Adam H. Sobel

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Development of the Soil Moisture Index to Quantify Agricultural Drought and Its “User Friendliness” in Severity-Area-Duration Assessment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper examines the role of soil moisture in quantifying drought through the development of a drought index using observed and modeled soil moisture. In Nebraska, rainfall is received primarily during the crop-growing season and the supply of ...

Venkataramana Sridhar; Kenneth G. Hubbard; Jinsheng You; Eric D. Hunt

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

A simplified constant-liquidity price index for U.S. commercial property based on the RCA database  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis builds on the endogenous relationship between transaction price and volume in commercial real estate markets in order to construct a simple "constant-liquidity price index" (SCLI) applicable to general transaction ...

Wang, Yali S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Combined Effects of the Southern Oscillation Index and the Pacific Decadal Oscillation on a Stochastic Daily Precipitation Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The combined effects of the Southern Oscillation index (SOI) and the Pacific decadal oscillation (PDO) on a second-order Markov chain mixed exponential daily precipitation model were determined for 15 stations in Nevada, Arizona, New Mexico, and ...

David A. Woolhiser

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

North Atlantic Power Dissipation Index (PDI) and Accumulated Cyclone Energy (ACE): Statistical Modeling and Sensitivity to Sea Surface Temperature Changes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study focuses on the statistical modeling of the power dissipation index (PDI) and accumulated cyclone energy (ACE) for the North Atlantic basin over the period 1949–2008, which are metrics routinely used to assess tropical storm activity, ...

Gabriele Villarini; Gabriel A. Vecchi

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Lidar determination of altitude profile of the refraction index in electro-optical monitoring of the Earths atmosphere  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

can be conta- minated by transport from other regions, for in- stance river deltas and adjacent parts crystal. The direction of the optical axis of the crystal is parallel to Ez. The refractive index

410

Design and fabrication of high-index-contrast self-assembled texture for light extraction enhancement in LEDs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We developed a high-index-contrast photonic structure for improving the light extraction efficiency of light-emitting diodes (LEDs) by a self-assembly approach. In this approach, a two-dimensional grating can be ...

Sheng, Xing

411

Probability Distribution of Precipitation Extremes for Weather Index–Based Insurance in the Zhujiang River Basin, South China  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In a changing climate, understanding the frequency of weather extremes is crucial to improving the management of the associated risks. The concept of weather index–based insurance is introduced as a new approach in weather risk adaptation. It can ...

Thomas Fischer; Buda Su; Yong Luo; Thomas Scholten

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

American Environmentalism: Values, Tactics, Priorities. By JOSEPH M. PETULLA. College Station: Texas A & M University Press, 1980. Pp. 239. Maps, notes, index. $18.50.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

M. PETULLA. College Station: Texas A & M Maps, notes, index.ronmentalism the first in Texas A & M University Press's

Neel, Susan

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

NEPA Lessons Learned Cumulative Index December 2012 1 DOE NEPA Lessons Learned Quarterly Report  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cumulative Index December 2012 1 Cumulative Index December 2012 1 DOE NEPA Lessons Learned Quarterly Report A Accident Analyses Sep 95/12; Dec 95/15; Sep 97/7; Sep 98/7; Dec 98/5; Jun 00/3, 8 guidance issued for preparation of Sep 02/16; Dec 02/20 Adaptive Management also see: Environmental Management Systems Dec 02/8; Jun 07/17; Jun 08/8 training Dec 06/16 Administrative Record also see: Legal Issues Mar 97/13; Sep 97/7; Jun 98/7; Dec 98/4 Advisory Council on Historic Preservation also see: National Historic Preservation Act Dec 98/11; Jun 99/3; Sep 99/2; Dec 00/6; Jun 01/8; Dec 01/6; Sep 02/17; Dec 03/13; Sep 04/16 Affected Environment Sep 95/12; Dec 98/7; Sep 00/8 Air Force Sep 11/10 Alternative Arrangements (emergency actions) see: Council on Environmental Quality: alternative arrangements

414

file://C:\MyFiles\TeamWorks%20Website\index.htm  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

14, 2005 14, 2005 Shipments scheduled to arrive 07/17/05 - 07/23/05 23 Hanford - 2 INL - 18 LANL - 1 SRS - 2 (subject to change) 3,743 total shipments received as of 07/13/05 Waste disposed as of 07/13/05 : 312 100-gallon drums 4,471 standard waste boxes 1,837 ten-drum overpacks Page 1 of 2 TRU TeamWorks - a biweekly e-newsletter for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) team 7/14/2005 file://C:\MyFiles\TeamWorks%20Website\index.htm 62,425 waste drums 29,900 cubic meters Page 2 of 2 TRU TeamWorks - a biweekly e-newsletter for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) team 7/14/2005 file://C:\MyFiles\TeamWorks%20Website\index.htm WIPP Silver shines in Colorado competition Silver Mine Rescue Team members navigate the field exercise during the Colorado

415

Conditional Correlations and Volatility Spillovers Between Crude Oil and Stock Index Returns  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract: This paper investigates the conditional correlations and volatility spillovers between crude oil returns and stock index returns. Daily returns from 2 January 1998 to 4 November 2009 of the crude oil spot, forward and futures prices from the WTI and Brent markets, and the FTSE100, NYSE, Dow Jones and S&P500 index returns, are analysed using the CCC model of Bollerslev (1990), VARMA-GARCH model of Ling and McAleer (2003), VARMA-AGARCH model of McAleer, Hoti and Chan (2008), and DCC model of Engle (2002). Based on the CCC model, the estimates of conditional correlations for returns across markets are very low, and some are not statistically significant, which means the conditional shocks are correlated only in the same market and not across markets. However, the DCC estimates of the conditional correlations are always significant. This result makes it clear that the assumption of constant conditional correlations is not supported empirically. Surprisingly, the empirical results from the VARMA-GARCH and VARMA-AGARCH models provide little evidence of volatility spillovers between the crude oil and financial markets. The evidence of asymmetric effects of negative and positive shocks of equal magnitude on the conditional variances suggests that VARMA-AGARCH is superior to VARMA-GARCH and

Roengchai Tansuchat; Chia-lin Chang; Michael Mcaleer; Roengchai Tansuchat; Chia-lin Chang; Michael Mcaleer

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Design of FastQuery: How to Generalize Indexing and Querying System for Scientific Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Modern scientific datasets present numerous data management and analysis challenges. State-of-the-art index and query technologies such as FastBit are critical for facilitating interactive exploration of large datasets. These technologies rely on adding auxiliary information to existing datasets to accelerate query processing. To use these indices, we need to match the relational data model used by the indexing systems with the array data model used by most scientific data, and to provide an efficient input and output layer for reading and writing the indices. In this work, we present a flexible design that can be easily applied to most scientific data formats. We demonstrate this flexibility by applying it to two of the most commonly used scientific data formats, HDF5 and NetCDF. We present two case studies using simulation data from the particle accelerator and climate simulation communities. To demonstrate the effectiveness of the new design, we also present a detailed performance study using both synthetic and real scientific workloads.

Wu, Jerry; Wu, Kesheng

2011-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

417

Grindability determination of torrefied biomass materials using the Hybrid Work index  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The grindability of torrefied biomass materials is a difficult parameter to evaluate due to its inhomogeneous character and non-uniform morphology. However, it is necessary to develop a grinding test that is representative of the wide ranging character of biomass and torrefied biomass materials. Previous research has shown that Resistance to Impact Milling (RIM) can be linearly correlated to thermally driven weight loss in biomass. In particular, the RIM equipment was found to supply the right energy level to physically break down structurally deficient biomass materials while leaving the un-touched material relatively intact [1–3]. However, the RIM procedure was not designed to extract the comminution energy. Alternatively, the Bond Work Index (BWI) procedure was developed to accurately assess the grinding energy of brittle materials [4,5]. However, the milling energy is too low to be effective for biomass comminution. In this research, the BWI procedure was utilized with the ball–mill approach in the RIM test to evaluate torrefied biomass materials. The hybridized procedure has been shown to be both highly correlated to energy consumption and sensitive to degree of torrefaction. The proposed Hybrid Work Index (HWI) is certainly useful for assessing torrefaction in a laboratory environment, but it may also be correlated to grinding energy at industrial scales.

Van Essendelft, D.T.; Zhou, X.; Kang, B.S.-J.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Coherent control of refractive index in far-detuned {Lambda} systems  

SciTech Connect

Enhancement and control of the index of refraction in a mixture of two three-level atomic species that form a pair of far-detuned {Lambda} schemes under two-photon resonance has been studied. We employ the density-matrix approach to properly take population relaxation into account and to describe the interaction of each {Lambda} system with the electromagnetic fields. Both {Lambda} systems are driven by a corresponding far-detuned coherent field at one atomic transition and are probed by the same weak field. In the dressed-state basis, it represents a superposition of effective two-level subsystems with the positions, widths, and amplitudes of the resonances controlled by the driving fields and allows for efficient control of the susceptibility of the total system; leading to refractive index (RI) enhancement with vanishing absorption in the absence of amplification. We analyze the experimental implementation of such a system in a cell of Rb atoms with a natural abundance of isotopes. An upper limit estimate of the RI enhancement is obtained.

O'Brien, Chris; Anisimov, Petr M.; Rostovtsev, Yuri; Kocharovskaya, Olga [Department of Physics, Institute for Quantum Studies, Texas A and M University, College Station, Texas 77843-4242 (United States); Department of Physics and Astronomy, Hearne Institute for Theoretical Physics, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70803 (United States); Department of Physics, University of North Texas, Denton, Texas 76203 (United States); Department of Physics, Institute for Quantum Studies, Texas A and M University, College Station, Texas 77843-4242 (United States) and Institute of Applied Physics, RAS, Nizhniy Novgorod, RU-603120 (Russian Federation)

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

419

ISET-Wind-Index Assessment of the Annual Available Wind Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Particularly in years with wind speeds that are clearly below average, dissatisfaction of operators and even liquidity problems are sparked through the unexpected low annual power production. An objective standard for the evaluation of the respective “wind year ” is required for the internal estimation of the performance of wind farms, and for justification to share owners and banks. The annual wind conditions are composed from such a multitude of meteorological situations, differing from location to location, that the available wind energy at every individual location develops totally differently. A single code is therefore not sufficient to describe the “wind year ” in Germany and, moreover, the evaluation of annual available wind energy must be carried out separately for the smallest areas possible. With the support of the Gothaer Rückversicherungen AG, a procedure has been developed at ISET which provides the proportion of the respective annual available wind energy, in relation to the long-term average available wind energy, for each 10 km x 10 km sized plan area in Germany. This amount, the ISET-Wind-Index, is founded on wind measurements at locations that are typical for wind energy use and therefore presents an objective standard. The measurement grid is part of the “Scientific Measurement and Evaluation Programme ” (WMEP), which accompanies the “250 MW Wind ” project of the German Federal Ministry for Economy and Labour. The ISET-Wind-Index, which will be regularly updated, provides an objective standard for the estimation of annual available

Berthold Hahn; Kurt Rohrig

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

New indices of geomagnetic activity at test: Comparing the correlation of the analogue ak index with the digital Ah and IHV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

New indices of geomagnetic activity at test: Comparing the correlation of the analogue ak index Abstract We test here two recently proposed indices of geomagnetic activity, the Ah index and the IHV index, which are based on digitally available hourly geomagnetic measurements. We study their correlation

Mursula, Kalevi

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "index a-z index" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Toward a better understanding of the gamma index: Investigation of parameters with a surface-based distance method  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: The purpose of this work was to clarify the interactions between the parameters used in the {gamma} index with the surface-based distance method, which itself can be viewed as a generalized version of the {gamma} index. The examined parameters included the distance to agreement (DTA)/dose difference (DD) criteria, the percentage used as a passing criterion, and the passing percentage for given DTA/DD criteria. The specific aims of our work were (1) to understand the relationships between the parameters used in the {gamma} index, (2) to determine the detection limit, or the minimum detectable error, of the {gamma} index with a given set of parameters, and (3) to establish a procedure to determine parameters that are consistent with the capacity of an IMRT QA system. Methods: The surface-based distance technique with dose gradient factor was derived, and then the relationship between surface-based distance and {gamma} index was established. The dose gradient factor for plans and measurements of 10 IMRT patients, 10 spine stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) patients, and 3 Radiological Physics Center (RPC) head and neck phantom were calculated and evaluated. The detection limits of the surface-based distance and {gamma} index methods were examined by introducing known shifts to the 10 IMRT plans. Results: The means of the dose gradient factors were 0.434 mm/% and 0.956 mm/% for the SRS and IMRT plans, respectively. Key quantities (including the mean and 90th and 99th percentiles of the distance distribution) of the surface-based distance distribution between two dose distributions were linearly proportional to the actual shifts. However, the passing percentage of the {gamma} index for a given set of DTA/DD criteria was not associated with the actual shift. For IMRT, using the standard quality assurance criteria of 3 mm/3% DTA/DD and a 90% passing rate, we found that the detection limit of the {gamma} index in terms of global shift was 4.07 mm/4.07 % without noise. Conclusions: Surface-based distance is a direct measure of the difference between two dose distributions and can be used to evaluate or determine parameters for use in calculating the {gamma} index. The dose gradient factor represents the weighting between spatial and dose shift and should be determined before DTA/DD criteria are set. The authors also present a procedure to determine {gamma} index parameters from measurements.

Li Heng; Dong Lei; Zhang Lifei; Yang, James N.; Gillin, Michael T.; Zhu, X. Ronald [Department of Radiation Physics, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77030 (United States)

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

422

The development of an improved human capital index for assessing and forecasting national capacity and development  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Human capital theory is accepted as one of the foundational theories of socioeconomic development. Although, according to founding scholars, any acquired qualities and abilities that help individuals and groups be economically productive can be considered as individual or group human capital, the classical human capital model focuses on schooling and training as the major factors comprising human capital on individual, group, and national levels. Consequently, current human capital measurement tools generally assess only educational attainment on these levels. Because of this overly simplified approach, the present manner in which human capital is commonly measured by national and international entities creates difficulty in accurately assessing the strengths and weaknesses of human capital within and between countries. A major challenge to improvement of human capital variables is identification and availability of data. The factors suggested to have significant impact on human capital are mostly intangible. Collecting such data is cost prohibitive for many developing countries. Consequently, national policy-makers, multinational corporations and international aid organizations use simplified estimates of human capital. The purpose of this dissertation is to construct and validate a more comprehensive human capital index. Study research questions include: 1) What are the significant factors that affect national human capital as revealed in the literature? 2) Can an expanded measure of national human capital be developed to reflect adequate content of HC identified in the literature? 3) What is the preliminary evidence supporting the validity of the newly developed human capital index? This analysis resulted in the formation of a new human capital index, which is expanded due to the incorporation of new variables together with the routinely used education measures. The sample panel data is from 163 countries for the years 2000-2005. Literature content analysis, factor analysis and regression analyses are used to support the exploration of the research questions. The results of the analyses suggest that a human capital model, which includes additional variables together with currently used education variables, predicts the level of national economic development significantly better than the model which includes only education measures. These results have implications for human resource development, corporate human capital management, national education, and international aid policies.

Verkhohlyad, Olha

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Index to Nuclear Safety: a technical progress review by chronology, permuted title, and author, Volume 18 (1) through Volume 22 (6)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This index to Nuclear Safety covers articles published in Nuclear Safety, Volume 18, Number 1 (January-February 1977) through Volume 22, Number 6 (November-December 1981). The index is divided into three section: a chronological list of articles (including abstracts), a permuted-title (KWIC) index, and an author index. Nuclear Safety, a bimonthly technical progress review prepared by the Nuclear Safety Information Center, covers all safety aspects of nuclear power reactors and associated facilities. Over 300 technical articles published in Nuclear Safety in the last 5 years are listed in this index.

Cottrell, W.B.; Passiakos, M.

1982-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

APS User News-at-a-Glance 2006 Year-End Index  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6 6 -Issue 36 (2.28) -Issue 37 (6.14) -Issue 38 (8.23) -Issue 39 (9.26) -Issue 40 (12.21) 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 APS User News-at-a-Glance Year-End Index 2006 Issue 36 (02.28.06) CONTENTS 1. Message from Murray SCIENCE NEWS 2. Featured Beamline: Crystal-handling Robot Earns Loyal Following at 17-ID 3. Science Headlines: A Strange, New Fluid-like State of Matter; Molecular Structure of a Key Viral Protein FACILITY NEWS 4. Proposals Due March 10 5. Summer Schedule Published 6. Scientific Advisory Committee Considers New Proposals, Welcomes New Members 7. Users Meeting Registration Open, Abstract Deadline March 15 8. Directory of APS Scientific Contacts Now Available BRIEFLY NOTED --Meeting notice: Synchrotron radiation in materials science --Meeting notice: Users Meeting adjunct workshops

425

file://C:\MyFiles\TeamWorks%20Website\index.htm  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

, 2005 , 2005 Shipments scheduled to arrive 05/15/05 - 05/21/05 20 Hanford - 4 INL - 9 LANL - 1 SRS - 6 (subject to change) 3,586 total shipments received as of 05/11/05 Waste disposed as of 05/11/05 : 4,429 standard waste boxes 1,580 ten-drum overpacks 62,073 waste drums 28,472 cubic meters Page 1 of 1 TRU TeamWorks - a biweekly e-newsletter for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) team 5/12/2005 file://C:\MyFiles\TeamWorks%20Website\index.htm The Revised §311/RH TRU Waste Permit Modification Request Local Partners Washington TRU Solutions General Manager Dick Raaz and Laurie Roche, Carlsbad executive director of United Way, shake hands as TRU Solutions' donates $12,000 to assist local United Way partner agencies. On April 29, WIPP submitted the Revised Section 311/RH TRU Waste Permit

426

APS User News-at-a-Glance 2006 Year-End Index  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7 7 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 APS User News-at-a-Glance Year-End Index 2007 Issue 41 (02.27.07) CONTENTS MESSAGE FROM MURRAY -- Operations budget expected to be restored -- President's fiscal year 2008 budget is promising SCIENCE NEWS 1. Cross-cut Review of Protein Crystallography 2. Current Research Highlights FACILITY NEWS 3. Scientific Advisory Committee--2007 Meeting, New Members 4. "New and Improved" Beamline and Technique Directories Now Available USER MATTERS 5. Proposal Deadline Is March 9; Consult System for Proposal Expiration 6. User Meeting Is Now User Week --Web Site Open for Abstracts, Registration PEOPLE NEWS -- George Srajer Heads X-ray Operations and Research BRIEFLY NOTED -- User room rate increased slightly to $57.50 Issue 42 (04.03.07)

427

APS User News-at-a-Glance 2006 Year-End Index  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

News-at-a-Glance News-at-a-Glance Year-End Index 2008 Issue 46 (02.11.08) MESSAGE FROM MURRAY -- Funding Issues, Schedule, and Steps Forward SCIENCE NEWS 1. Featured Beamlines: Four New Crystallography Stations at LS-CAT, Powder Diffraction at the New 11-BM-B, and Mail-In Crystallography at SGX-CAT 2. Short Course on Small-Angle Scattering Offered June 28-July 2, 2008 USER MATTERS 3. Users Week 2008: Workshops, Events Announced 4. Nominations Invited by March 28 for the 2008 Franklin Young Investigator Award 5. Avoid International Shipping Panic: Use a Customs Agent FACILITY NEWS 6. Proposal Deadline is March 7 for Run 2008-2 PEOPLE NEWS 7. Michael Borland, Al Macrander named American Physical Society Fellows BRIEFLY NOTED -- Grill closing times changed Issue 47 (06.04.08) MESSAGE FROM MURRAY

428

Relaxation dynamics of aftershocks after large volatility shocks in the SSEC index  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The relaxation dynamics of aftershocks after large volatility shocks are investigated based on two high-frequency data sets of the Shanghai Stock Exchange Composite (SSEC) index. Compared with previous relevant work, we have defined main financial shocks based on large volatilities rather than large crashes. We find that the occurrence rate of aftershocks with the magnitude exceeding a given threshold for both daily volatility (constructed using 1-minute data) and minutely volatility (using intra-minute data) decays as a power law. The power-law relaxation exponent increases with the volatility threshold and is significantly greater than 1. Taking financial volatility as the counterpart of seismic activity, the power-law relaxation in financial volatility deviates remarkably from the Omori law in Geophysics.

Mu, Guo-Hua

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Indexes of the proceedings for the nine symposia (international) on detonation, 1951--89  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Proceedings of the nine Detonation Symposia have become the major archival source of information of international research in explosive phenomenology, theory, experimental techniques, numerical modeling, and high-rate reaction chemistry. In many cases, they contain the original reference or the only reference to major progress in the field. For some papers, the information is more complete than the complementary article appearing in a formal journal, yet for others, authors elected to publish only an abstract in the Proceedings. For the large majority of papers, the Symposia Proceedings provide the only published reference to a body of work. This report indexes the nine existing Proceedings of the Detonation Symposia by paper titles, topic phrases, authors, and first appearance of acronyms and code names.

Crane, S.L.; Deal, W.E.; Ramsay, J.B.; Roach, A.M.; Takala, B.E.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Indexes of the proceedings for the nine symposia (international) on detonation, 1951--89  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Proceedings of the nine Detonation Symposia have become the major archival source of information of international research in explosive phenomenology, theory, experimental techniques, numerical modeling, and high-rate reaction chemistry. In many cases, they contain the original reference or the only reference to major progress in the field. For some papers, the information is more complete than the complementary article appearing in a formal journal, yet for others, authors elected to publish only an abstract in the Proceedings. For the large majority of papers, the Symposia Proceedings provide the only published reference to a body of work. This report indexes the nine existing Proceedings of the Detonation Symposia by paper titles, topic phrases, authors, and first appearance of acronyms and code names.

Crane, S.L.; Deal, W.E.; Ramsay, J.B.; Roach, A.M.; Takala, B.E.

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Study of Compact Tunable Filters Using Negative Refractive Index Transmission Lines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Today's microwave circuits, whether for communication, radar, or testing systems, need compact tunable microwave filters. Since different microwave circuit applications have radically different size, power, insertion loss, rejection, vibration, and thermal requirements, new filter technologies with different balances between these requirements are always desirable. Negative Refractive Index (NRI) transmission media was discovered 10 years ago with the unique property of negative phase propagation. A literature review was conducted to identify potential NRI methods for filters and other devices, but no NRI tunable filters were found. To address this gap, a family of tunable NRI bandpass filters was simulated and constructed successfully using end-coupled zeroth order resonators. Tuning was accomplished by controlling the negative phase length of the NRI sections with varactors. The resulting L-band filters exhibited a 25-40 percent tunable range, no higher order resonances, and required only one fourth the length of a coupled-line filter constructed from traditional 180 degree microstrip resonators.

Lewis, Brian Patrick

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Reconstruction of the refractive index from experimental backscattering data using a globally convergent inverse method  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The problem to be studied in this work is within the context of coefficient identification problems for the wave equation. More precisely, we consider the problem of reconstruction of the refractive index (or equivalently, the dielectric constant) of an inhomogeneous medium using one backscattering boundary measurement. The goal of this paper is to analyze the performance of a globally convergent algorithm of Beilina and Klibanov on experimental data acquired in the Microwave Laboratory at University of North Carolina at Charlotte. The main challenge working with experimental data is the the huge misfit between these data and computationally simulated data. We present data pre-processing steps to make the former somehow look similar to the latter. Results of both non-blind and blind targets are shown indicating good reconstructions even for high contrasts between the targets and the background medium.

Nguyen Trung Thành; Larisa Beilina; Michael V. Klibanov; Michael A. Fiddy

2013-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

433

Analysis of transverse Anderson localization in refractive index structures with customized random potential  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a method to demonstrate Anderson localization in an optically induced randomized potential. By usage of computer controlled spatial light modulators, we are able to implement fully randomized nondiffracting beams of variable structural size in order to control the modulation length (photonic grain size) as well as the depth (disorder strength) of a random potential induced in a photorefractive crystal. In particular, we quantitatively analyze the localization length of light depending on these two parameters and find that they are crucial influencing factors on the propagation behavior leading to variably strong localization. Thus, we corroborate that transverse light localization in a random refractive index landscape strongly depends on the character of the potential, allowing for a flexible regulation of the localization strength by adapting the optical induction configuration.

Boguslawski, Martin; Armijo, Julien; Diebel, Falko; Rose, Patrick; Denz, Cornelia

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Ground disposal of oil shale wastes: a review with an indexed annotated bibliography through 1976  

SciTech Connect

This review covers the available literature concerning ground-disposed wastes and effluents of a potential oil shale industry. Ground disposal has been proposed for essentially all of the solid and liquid wastes produced (Pfeffer, 1974). Since an oil shale industry is not actually in operation, the review is anticipatory in nature. The section, Oil Shale Technology, provides essential background for interpreting the literature on potential shale oil wastes and the topics are treated more completely in the section entitled Environmental Aspects of the Potential Disposal of Oil Shale Wastes to Ground. The first section of the annotated bibliography cites literature concerning potential oil shale wastes and the second section cites literature concerning oil shale technology. Each section contains references arranged historically by year. An index is provided.

Routson, R.C.; Bean, R.M.

1977-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Indexes of the Proceedings for the Ten International Symposia on Detonation 1951-93  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Proceedings of the ten Detonation Symposia have become the major archival source of information of international research in explosive phenomenology, theory, experimental techniques, numerical modeling, and high-rate reaction chemistry. In many cases, they contain the original reference or the only reference to major progress in the field. For some papers, the information is more complete than the complementary article appearing in a formal journal; yet for others, authors elected to publish only an abstract in the Proceedings. For the large majority of papers, the Symposia Proceedings provide the only published reference to a body of work. This report indexes the ten existing Proceedings of the Detonation Symposia by paper titles, topic phrases, authors, and first appearance of acronyms and code names.

Deal, William E.; Ramsay, John B.; Roach, Alita M.; Takala, Bruce E.

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

The scalar perturbation spectral index n_s: WMAP sensitivity to unresolved point sources  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Precision measurement of the scalar perturbation spectral index, n_s, from the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe temperature angular power spectrum requires the subtraction of unresolved point source power. Here we reconsider this issue. First, we note a peculiarity in the WMAP temperature likelihood's response to the source correction: Cosmological parameters do not respond to increased source errors. An alternative and more direct method for treating this error term acts more sensibly, and also shifts n_s by ~0.3 sigma closer to unity. Second, we re-examine the source fit used to correct the power spectrum. This fit depends strongly on the galactic cut and the weighting of the map, indicating that either the source population or masking procedure is not isotropic. Jackknife tests appear inconsistent, causing us to assign large uncertainties to account for possible systematics. Third, we note that the WMAP team's spectrum was computed with two different weighting schemes: uniform weights transition to inv...

Huffenberger, Kevin M; Hansen, F K; Banday, A J; Górski, K M

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

How does the Smaller Alignment Index (SALI) distinguish order from chaos?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The ability of the Smaller Alignment Index (SALI) to distinguish chaotic from ordered motion, has been demonstrated recently in several publications.\\cite{Sk01,GRACM} Basically it is observed that in chaotic regions the SALI goes to zero very rapidly, while it fluctuates around a nonzero value in ordered regions. In this paper, we make a first step forward explaining these results by studying in detail the evolution of small deviations from regular orbits lying on the invariant tori of an {\\bf integrable} 2D Hamiltonian system. We show that, in general, any two initial deviation vectors will eventually fall on the ``tangent space'' of the torus, pointing in different directions due to the different dynamics of the 2 integrals of motion, which means that the SALI (or the smaller angle between these vectors) will oscillate away from zero for all time.

Ch. Skokos; Ch. Antonopoulos; T. C. Bountis; M. N. Vrahatis

2003-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

438

A Prognostic Index for Predicting Lymph Node Metastasis in Minor Salivary Gland Cancer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: Large studies examining the clinical and pathological factors associated with nodal metastasis in minor salivary gland cancer are lacking in the literature. Methods and Materials: Using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database, we identified 2,667 minor salivary gland cancers with known lymph node status from 1988 to 2004. Univariate and multivariate analyses were conducted to identify factors associated with the use of neck dissection, the use of external beam radiation therapy, and the presence of cervical lymph node metastases. Results: Four hundred twenty-six (16.0%) patients had neck nodal involvement. Factors associated with neck nodal involvement on univariate analysis included increasing age, male sex, increasing tumor size, high tumor grade, T3-T4 stage, adenocarcinoma or mucoepidermoid carcinomas, and pharyngeal site of primary malignancy. On multivariate analysis, four statistically significant factors were identified, including male sex, T3-T4 stage, pharyngeal site of primary malignancy, and high-grade adenocarcinoma or high-grade mucoepidermoid carcinomas. The proportions (and 95% confidence intervals) of patients with lymph node involvement for those with 0, 1, 2, 3, and 4 of these prognostic factors were 0.02 (0.01-0.03), 0.09 (0.07-0.11), 0.17 (0.14-0.21), 0.41 (0.33-0.49), and 0.70 (0.54-0.85), respectively. Grade was a significant predictor of metastasis for adenocarcinoma and mucoepidermoid carcinoma but not for adenoid cystic carcinoma. Conclusions: A prognostic index using the four clinicopathological factors listed here can effectively differentiate patients into risk groups of nodal metastasis. The precision of this index is subject to the limitations of SEER data and should be validated in further clinical studies.

Lloyd, Shane; Yu, James B. [Department of Therapeutic Radiology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT (United States); Ross, Douglas A. [Department of Surgery, St. Vincent's Medical Center, Bridgeport, CT (United States); Wilson, Lynn D. [Department of Therapeutic Radiology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT (United States); Decker, Roy H., E-mail: roy.decker@yale.ed [Department of Therapeutic Radiology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT (United States)

2010-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

439

Building waste management core indicators through Spatial Material Flow Analysis: Net recovery and transport intensity indexes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Sustainability and proximity principles have a key role in waste management. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Core indicators are needed in order to quantify and evaluate them. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer A systematic, step-by-step approach is developed in this study for their development. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Transport may play a significant role in terms of environmental and economic costs. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Policy action is required in order to advance in the consecution of these principles. - Abstract: In this paper, the material and spatial characterization of the flows within a municipal solid waste (MSW) management system are combined through a Network-Based Spatial Material Flow Analysis. Using this information, two core indicators are developed for the bio-waste fraction, the Net Recovery Index (NRI) and the Transport Intensity Index (TII), which are aimed at assessing progress towards policy-related sustainable MSW management strategies and objectives. The NRI approaches the capacity of a MSW management system for converting waste into resources through a systematic metabolic approach, whereas the TII addresses efficiency in terms of the transport requirements to manage a specific waste flow throughout the entire MSW management life cycle. Therefore, both indicators could be useful in assessing key MSW management policy strategies, such as the consecution of higher recycling levels (sustainability principle) or the minimization of transport by locating treatment facilities closer to generation sources (proximity principle). To apply this methodological approach, the bio-waste management system of the region of Catalonia (Spain) has been chosen as a case study. Results show the adequacy of both indicators for identifying those points within the system with higher capacity to compromise its environmental, economic and social performance and therefore establishing clear targets for policy prioritization. Moreover, this methodological approach permits scenario building, which could be useful in assessing the outcomes of hypothetical scenarios, thus proving its adequacy for strategic planning.

Font Vivanco, David, E-mail: font@cml.leidenuniv.nl [Institut de Ciencia i Tecnologia Ambientals (ICTA), Departament d'Enginyeria Quimica, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona (UAB), 08193 Bellaterra, Barcelona (Spain); Institute of Environmental Sciences (CML), Leiden University, P.O. Box 9518, 2300 RA Leiden (Netherlands); Puig Ventosa, Ignasi [ENT Environment and Management, Carrer Sant Joan 39, First Floor, 08800 Vilanova i la Geltru, Barcelona (Spain); Gabarrell Durany, Xavier [Institut de Ciencia i Tecnologia Ambientals (ICTA), Departament d'Enginyeria Quimica, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona (UAB), 08193 Bellaterra, Barcelona (Spain)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

440

Influence of Transfer Efficiency of the Outdoor Pipe Network and Boiler Operating Efficiency on the Building Heat Consumption Index  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper analyzes the influence of transfer efficiency of the outdoor pipe network and operating efficiency of the boiler on the building heat consumption index, on the premise of saving up to 65 percent energy in different climates. The results show that transfer efficiency is not influenced by the climate, and the influence is in accordance with that in other climates. The article also presents data on the energy consumption caused by the improvement of the transfer efficiency of the outdoor pipe network and the operating efficiency of the boiler, and the calculated formula for the building heat consumption index on the condition of saving 65 percent energy.

Fang, X.; Wang, Z.; Liu, H.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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441

DESIGN OF WIRE-WRAPPED ROD BUNDLE MATCHED INDEX-OF-REFRACTION EXPERIMENTS  

SciTech Connect

Experiments will be conducted in the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) Matched Index-of-Refraction (MIR) Flow Facility [1] to characterize the three-dimensional velocity and turbulence fields in a wire-wrapped rod bundle typically employed in liquid-metal cooled fast reactors and to provide benchmark data for computer code validation. Sodium cooled fast reactors are under consideration for use in the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP) program. The experiment model will be constructed of quartz components and the working fluid will be mineral oil. Accurate temperature control (to within 0.05 oC) matches the index-of-refraction of mineral oil with that of quartz and renders the model transparent to the wavelength of laser light employed for optical measurements. The model will be a scaled 7-pin rod bundle enclosed in a hexagonal canister. Flow field measurements will be obtained with a LaVision 3-D particle image velocimeter (PIV) and complimented by near-wall velocity measurements obtained from a 2-D laser Doppler velocimeter (LDV). These measurements will be used as benchmark data for computational fluid dynamics (CFD) validation. The rod bundle model dimensions will be scaled up from the typical dimensions of a fast reactor fuel assembly to provide the maximum Reynolds number achievable in the MIR flow loop. A range of flows from laminar to fully-turbulent will be available with a maximum Reynolds number, based on bundle hydraulic diameter, of approximately 22,000. The fuel pins will be simulated by 85 mm diameter quartz tubes (closed on the inlet ends) and the wire-wrap will be simulated by 25 mm diameter quartz rods. The canister walls will be constructed from quartz plates. The model will be approximately 2.13 m in length. Bundle pressure losses will also be measured and the data recorded for code comparisons. The experiment design and preliminary CFD calculations, which will be used to provide qualitative hydrodynamic information, are presented in this paper.

Hugh McIlroy; Hongbin Zhang; Kurt Hamman

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Obesity Management Using Diacylglycerol and Low Glycemic Index Starch in Dogs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Obesity is the most common nutritional disorder in small animal medicine and is closely related to the mortality and morbidity of various diseases. Decreasing the incidence of obesity is considered to be the most important way to maintain health, prevent disease, and contribute to longevity. Diet therapy using low glycemic index starch (LGIS) and diacylglycerol (DAG) may thus be a reasonable obesity management tool without unnecessary food restriction, forced physical activity, and impairment of health. Beagles were prepared for a weight loss study by inducing obesity using a high caloric/human snack food combination. These obese dogs were then fed diets containing either LGIS/HGIS and DAG/TAG for a 10 wk weight loss period. The LGIS groups lost more weight than the high glycemic index starch (HGIS) groups (2% vs 1% per wk) due to lower total diet digestibilities. Even though the dogs had consumed similar amounts of the diets on a weight basis, the amounts of metabolizable energy (ME) ingested overall differed between the two starch types. Diet effects were found for plasma triglyceride (TG) at both wk 1 and 8. Post-prandial TG lowering was observed only with a LGIS/DAG diet combination. LGIS groups showed less decreased post-prandial non esterified fatty acid (NEFA) concentrations compared with HGIS groups at both wk 1 and 8. At both wk 1 and 8, plasma insulin was significantly lower in the LGIS groups although glucose concentrations were similar among all groups. Plasma gastric inhibitory polypeptide (GIP) increased in all groups but tended to be lower in the LGIS groups. Significant time effects were seen in glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) at both wk 1 and 8; however, diet effects were not observed. Plasma adiponectin concentrations were significantly higher in the LGIS/DAG group vs. all other diet groups. Significantly lower plasma leptin concentrations were found, especially in the LGIS/DAG group. Combinations of LGI starch and oils decreased uncoupling protein-2 (UCP2) mRNA gene expression in the small intestine compared with the combinations of HGI starch and oils. These findings indicate that the LGIS/DAG combination beneficially supports more efficient and healthy weight loss in dogs along with improvement in biochemical and hormonal biomarkers. This combination may be preferred for healthy canine weight loss and to help prevent obesity related diseases.

Nagaoka, Daisuke

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Determination of the beam quality index of high-energy photon beams under nonstandard reference conditions  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: At some modern radiotherapy machines it is not possible to achieve reference conditions for the measurement of beam quality indices used in dosimetry codes of practice, such as IAEA TRS-398 and AAPM TG-51. This work aims at providing self-consistent and simpler expressions and more accurate fits for a limited range of beams of interest than have been proposed previously for deriving these beam quality indices from measurements. Methods: The starting point is a formula proposed by Sauer [Med. Phys. 36, 4168-4172 (2009)] for deriving the beam quality index used in IAEA TRS-398, TPR{sub 20,10}, from a measurement of the tissue phantom ratio at depths of 20 cm and 10 cm in water for an s Multiplication-Sign s cm{sup 2} (equivalent) square field, TPR{sub 20,10}(s). First, a self-consistent version of this formula is established followed by a simpler version by making a linear approximation. A similar approach is proposed to derive the beam quality index used in AAPM TG-51, %dd(10){sub X}, from a measurement of PDD{sub 10}(s), the percentage depth dose at 10 cm for a square field with size s. All models were fitted to subsets of relevant data from BJR supplement 25. Results: The linear models for TPR{sub 20,10}(s) and exponential models for PDD{sub 10}(s) as a function of the (equivalent) square field size can reproduce the beam quality within 0.3% and beam quality correction factors within 0.05% for square field sizes ranging from 4 cm to 12 cm and nominal photon energies from 4 MV to 12 MV. For higher energy beams the errors are only slightly worse but for %dd(10){sub X}, an additional uncertainty component has to be considered for the electron contamination correction. Conclusions: The models proposed here can be used in practical recommendations for the dosimetry of small and nonstandard fields.

Palmans, Hugo [Acoustics and Ionising Radiation Division, National Physical Laboratory, Hampton Road, Teddington TW11 0LW (United Kingdom)

2012-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

444

Correlation between Flux and Spectral Index during Flares in Sagittarius A*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Flares in Sagittarius A* are produced by hot plasmas within a few Schwarzschild radii of the supermassive black hole at the Galactic center. The recent detection of a correlation between the spectral index and flux during a near infrared (NIR) flare provides a means to conduct detailed investigations of the plasma heating and radiation processes. We study the evolution of the electron distribution function under the influence of a turbulent magnetic field in a hot collisionless plasma. The magnetic field, presumably generated through instabilities in the accretion flow, can both heat the plasma via resonant wave-particle coupling and cool the electrons via radiation. The electron distribution can generally be approximated as relativistic Maxwellian. To account for the observed correlation, we find that the magnetic field needs to be anti-correlated with the electron ''temperature''. NIR and X-ray light curves are produced for a cooling and a heating phase. The model predicts simultaneous flare activity in the NIR and X-ray bands, which can be compared with observations. These results can be applied to MHD simulations to study the radiative characteristics of collisionless plasmas, especially accretion flows in low-luminosity AGNs.

Jonathan M. Bittner; Siming Liu; Christopher L. Fryer; Vahe Petrosian

2006-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

445

Estimated Uncertainties in the Idaho National Laboratory Matched-Index-of-Refraction Lower Plenum Experiment  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the fluid dynamics experiments in the MIR (Matched-Index-of-Refraction) flow system at Idaho National Laboratory (INL) is to develop benchmark databases for the assessment of Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) solutions of the momentum equations, scalar mixing, and turbulence models for typical Very High Temperature Reactor (VHTR) plenum geometries in the limiting case of negligible buoyancy and constant fluid properties. The experiments use optical techniques, primarily particle image velocimetry (PIV) in the INL MIR flow system. The benefit of the MIR technique is that it permits optical measurements to determine flow characteristics in passages and around objects to be obtained without locating a disturbing transducer in the flow field and without distortion of the optical paths. The objective of the present report is to develop understanding of the magnitudes of experimental uncertainties in the results to be obtained in such experiments. Unheated MIR experiments are first steps when the geometry is complicated. One does not want to use a computational technique, which will not even handle constant properties properly. This report addresses the general background, requirements for benchmark databases, estimation of experimental uncertainties in mean velocities and turbulence quantities, the MIR experiment, PIV uncertainties, positioning uncertainties, and other contributing measurement uncertainties.

Donald M. McEligot; Hugh M. McIlroy, Jr.; Ryan C. Johnson

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

An environmental pressure index proposal for urban development planning based on the analytic network process  

SciTech Connect

This paper introduces a new approach to prioritize urban planning projects according to their environmental pressure in an efficient and reliable way. It is based on the combination of three procedures: (i) the use of environmental pressure indicators, (ii) the aggregation of the indicators in an Environmental Pressure Index by means of the Analytic Network Process method (ANP) and (iii) the interpretation of the information obtained from the experts during the decision-making process. The method has been applied to a proposal for urban development of La Carlota airport in Caracas (Venezuela). There are three options which are currently under evaluation. They include a Health Club, a Residential Area and a Theme Park. After a selection process the experts chose the following environmental pressure indicators as ANP criteria for the project life cycle: used land area, population density, energy consumption, water consumption and waste generation. By using goal-oriented questionnaires designed by the authors, the experts determined the importance of the criteria, the relationships among criteria, and the relationships between the criteria and the urban development alternatives. The resulting data showed that water consumption is the most important environmental pressure factor, and the Theme Park project is by far the urban development alternative which exerts the least environmental pressure on the area. The participating experts coincided in appreciating the technique proposed in this paper is useful and, for ranking ordering these alternatives, an improvement from traditional techniques such as environmental impact studies, life-cycle analysis, etc.

Gomez-Navarro, Tomas, E-mail: tgomez@dpi.upv.e [Departamento de Proyectos de Ingenieria, Universidad Politecnica de Valencia, Camino de Vera s/n. 46022, Valencia (Spain); Garcia-Melon, Monica, E-mail: mgarciam@dpi.upv.e [Departamento de Proyectos de Ingenieria, Universidad Politecnica de Valencia, Camino de Vera s/n. 46022, Valencia (Spain); Acuna-Dutra, Silvia, E-mail: sacuna@unimet.edu.v [Departamento de Estudios Ambientales, Universidad Metropolitana, Autopista Guarenas, Sector La Urbina, Distribuidor Metropolitano, Caracas (Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of); Diaz-Martin, Diego, E-mail: ddiaz@unimet.edu.v [Departamento de Estudios Ambientales, Universidad Metropolitana, Autopista Guarenas, Sector La Urbina, Distribuidor Metropolitano, Caracas (Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of)

2009-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

447

USING BLOCKS OF SKEWERS FOR FASTER COMPUTATION OF PIXEL PURITY INDEX  

SciTech Connect

The pixel purity index (PPI) algorithm proposed by Boardman, et al.1 identifies potential endmember pixels in multispectral imagery. The algorithm generates a large number of skewers (unit vectors in random directions), and then computes the dot product of each skewer with each pixel. The PPI is incremented for those pixels associated with the extreme values of the dot products. A small number of pixels (a subset of those with the largest PPI values) are selected as pure and the rest of the pixels in the image are expressed as linear mixtures of these pure endmembers. This provides a convenient and physically-motivated decomposition of the image in terms of a relatively few components. We report on a variant of the PPI algorithm in which blocks of B skewers are considered at a time. From the computation of B dot products, one can produce a much larger set of derived dot products that are associated with skewers that are linear combinations of the original B skewers. Since the derived dot products involve only scalar operations, instead of full vector dot products, they can be very cheaply computed. We will also discuss a hardware implementation on a field programmable gate array (FPGA) processor both of the original PPI algorithm and of the block-skewer approach. We will furthermore discuss the use of fast PPI as a front-end to more sophisticated algorithms for selecting the actual endmembers.

J. THEILER; D. LAVENIER; ET AL

2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Impact of Body Mass Index on Outcomes After Conformal Radiotherapy in Patients With Prostate Cancer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: Several retrospective analyses have suggested that obese men with prostate cancer treated with external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) have outcomes inferior to those of normal-weight men. However, a recently presented analysis for the first time challenged this association between body mass index (BMI) and treatment failure. It is therefore important to provide further data on this issue. Methods and Materials: This was a retrospective analysis of 564 men treated with risk-adapted conformal EBRT at a single institution. Low-risk patients received EBRT alone, and the other patients received EBRT plus endocrine treatment. In addition, high-risk patients were treated to higher EBRT doses (74 Gy). A rectal balloon catheter for internal immobilization, which can be identified on portal images, was used in 261 patients (46%). Thus, localization did not rely on bony landmarks alone in these cases. Results: The median BMI was 26, and 15% of patients had BMI {>=}30. Neither univariate nor multivariate analyses detected any significant impact of BMI on biochemical relapse, prostate cancer-specific survival, or overall survival. The 5-year biochemical relapse rate was 21% and prostate cancerspecific survival 96%. Conclusions: The present analysis of a large cohort of consecutively treated patients suggests that efforts to reduce prostate movement and geographic miss might result in comparable outcomes in obese and normal-weight patients.

Geinitz, Hans, E-mail: hans.geinitz@lrz.tu-muenchen.de [Department of Radiation Oncology, Klinikum rechts der Isar der Technischen Universitaet Muenchen, Munich (Germany); Thamm, Reinhard; Mueller, Tobias; Jess, Kerstin [Department of Radiation Oncology, Klinikum rechts der Isar der Technischen Universitaet Muenchen, Munich (Germany); Zimmermann, Frank B. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Universitaetsspital Basel, Basel (Switzerland); Molls, Michael [Department of Radiation Oncology, Klinikum rechts der Isar der Technischen Universitaet Muenchen, Munich (Germany); Nieder, Carsten [Department of Oncology and Palliative Medicine, Nordland Hospital, Bodo (Norway); Faculty of Medicine, University of Tromso, Tromso (Norway)

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

ADVANCE COPY FOR DISCUSSION The India State Hunger Index: Comparisons Of Hunger Across States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

India’s GHI 2008 score is 23.7, which ranks it 66 th out of 88 countries. This indicates continued poor performance at reducing hunger in India. The India State Hunger Index (ISHI) 2008 was constructed in a similar fashion as the GHI 2008 to enable comparisons of states within India, and to compare Indian states to GHI 2008 scores and ranks for other countries. The ISHI 2008 score was estimated for 17 major states in India, covering more than 95 percent of the population of India. ISHI 2008 scores for Indian states range from 13.6 for Punjab to 30.9 for Madhya Pradesh, indicating substantial variability among states in India. Punjab is ranked 34 th when compared to the GHI 2008 country rankings, while Madhya Pradesh is ranked 82 nd. All 17 states have ISHI scores that are well above the “low ” and “moderate” hunger categories. Twelve of the 17 states fall into the “alarming ” category, and one ? ? Madhya Pradesh – into the “extremely alarming ” category. ISHI scores are closely aligned with poverty, but there is little association with state

Purnima Menon; Anil Deolalikar; Anjor Bhaskar

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Carbon dioxide emission index as a mean for assessing fuel quality  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Carbon dioxide emission index, defined as the amount of CO{sub 2} released per unit of energy value, was used to rate gaseous, liquid and solid fuels. The direct utilization of natural gas is the most efficient option. The conversion of natural gas to synthesis gas for production of liquid fuels represents a significant decrease in fuel value of the former. The fuel value of liquids, such as gasoline, diesel oil, etc. is lower than that of natural gas. Blending gasoline with ethanol obtained either from bio-mass or via synthesis may decrease fuel value of the blend when CO{sub 2} emissions produced during the production of ethanol are included in total emissions. The introduction of liquid fuels produced by pyrolysis and liquefaction of biomass would result in the increase in the CO{sub 2} emissions. The CO{sub 2} emissions from the utilization of coal and petroleum coke are much higher than those from gaseous and liquid fuels. However, for petroleum coke, this is offset by the high value gaseous and liquid fuels that are simultaneously produced during coking. Conversion of low value fuels such as coal and petroleum coke to a high value chemicals via synthesis gas should be assessed as means for replacing natural gas and making it available for fuel applications.

Furimsky, E. [IMAF Group, Ottawa, ON (Canada)

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

A Well-Verified, Multiproxy Reconstruction of the Winter North Atlantic Oscillation Index since a.d. 1400  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new, well-verified, multiproxy reconstruction of the winter North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) index is described that can be used to examine the variability of the NAO prior to twentieth century greenhouse forcing. It covers the period a.d. 1400–...

Edward R. Cook; Rosanne D. D'Arrigo; Michael E. Mann

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Regulatory and technical reports (abstract index journal): Compilation for first quarter 1996, January--March. Volume 21, Number 1  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This journal includes all formal reports in the NUREG series prepared by the NRC staff and contractors, proceedings of conferences and workshops, grants, and international agreement reports. The entries in this compilation are indexed for access by title and abstract, secondary report number, personal author, subject, NRC organization for staff and international agreements, contractor, international organization, and licensed facility.

NONE

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Crime in the U.S., 1979-99 Year Population Crime Index Violent Crime Property Crime  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Math Skills: reading and interpreting data (graphing data optional); figuring rates and rates of change; rounding decimals; expressing and calculating percents Overview: Students will learn to interpret crime statistics, including the Crime Index (total number of crimes reported in seven categories) and violent and property crime. They will examine crime status at specific points in time and across given periods of time.

Lynda R. Wiest; Interpreting Crime Statistics

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

SOLAR CYCLE VARIATIONS OF THE OCCURRENCE OF CORONAL TYPE III RADIO BURSTS AND A NEW SOLAR ACTIVITY INDEX  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This Letter presents the results of studies of solar cycle variations of the occurrence rate of coronal type III radio bursts. The radio spectra are provided by the Learmonth Solar Radio Observatory (Western Australia), part of the USAF Radio Solar Telescope Network (RSTN). It is found that the occurrence rate of type III bursts strongly correlates with solar activity. However, the profiles for the smoothed type III burst occurrence rate differ considerably from those for the sunspot number, 10.7 cm solar radio flux, and solar flare index. The type III burst occurrence rate (T3BOR) is proposed as a new index of solar activity. T3BOR provides complementary information about solar activity and should be useful in different studies including solar cycle predictions and searches for different periodicities in solar activity. This index can be estimated from daily results of the Automated Radio Burst Identification System. Access to data from other RSTN sites will allow processing 24 hr radio spectra in near-real time and estimating true daily values of this index. It is also shown that coronal type III bursts can even occur when there are no visible sunspots on the Sun. However, no evidence is found that the bursts are not associated with active regions. It is also concluded that the type III burst productivity of active regions exhibits solar cycle variations.

Lobzin, Vasili; Cairns, Iver H.; Robinson, Peter A. [School of Physics, University of Sydney, New South Wales (Australia)

2011-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

455

Technical Trading Rules as a Prior Knowledge to a Neural Networks Prediction System for the S&P 500 Index  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Index Tim C h e n o ~ e t h l - ~ t ~ Zoran ObradoviC' Steven Lee4 School of Electrical Engineering historical information a chal- lenging problem. Our experience indicates that in markets modeling through-component system. The system performance is measured by computing the annual rate of return and the return per

Obradovic, Zoran

456

Regulatory and technical reports (abstract index journal), Compilation for third quarter 1993, July--September. Volume 18, No. 3  

SciTech Connect

This journal includes all formal reports in the NUREG series prepared by the NRC staff and contractors, proceedings of conferences and workshops, grants, and international agreement reports. The entries in this compilation are indexed for access by title and abstract, secondary report number, personal author, subject, NRC organization for staff and international agreements, contractor, international organization, and licensed facility.

Not Available

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

The herd behavior index: A new measure for the implied degree of co-movement in stock markets’, Insurance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We introduce a new and easy-to-calculate measure for the expected degree of herd behavior or co-movement between stock prices. This forward looking measure is model-independent and based on observed option data. It is baptized the Herd Behavior Index (HIX). The degree of co-movement in a stock market can be determined by comparing the observed market situation with the extreme (theoretical) situation under which the whole system is driven by a single factor. The HIX is then de…ned as the ratio of an option-based estimate of the risk-neutral variance of the market index and an option-based estimate of the corresponding variance in case of the extreme single factor market situation. The HIX can be determined for any market index provided an appropriate series of vanilla options is traded on this index as well as on its components. As an illustration, we determine historical values of the 30-days HIX for the Dow Jones Industrial Average, covering the period January 2003 to October 2009.

Jan Dhaene; Daniël Linders; Wim Schoutens; David Vyncke

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Start | Author Index 741-7 Speciation and Release Kinetics of Cadmium and Zinc in Thai Paddy Soil.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Start | Author Index 741-7 Speciation and Release Kinetics of Cadmium and Zinc in Thai Paddy Soil Ginder-Vogel 1 , Rufus L. Chaney 2 and Donald L. Sparks 1 , (1)Department of Plant and Soil Sciences is harmful to human health. Although Cd has no biological role in rice, rice can take up Cd from soil

Sparks, Donald L.

459

Towards application of a climate-index for Case study in the Citarum upper river basin Indonesia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Indonesia Ramon van Bruggen De Bilt, 2013 | Internal report; IR-2013-06 #12;#12;Towards application of a climate-index for dengue incidence Case study in the Citarum upper river basin Indonesia Master Thesis during this work and for their warm welcome during my stay in Indonesia. At last my thanks go

Haak, Hein

460

Regulatory and technical reports (abstract index journal): Compilation for second quarter 1997 April--June. Volume 22, Number 2  

SciTech Connect

This journal includes all formal reports in the NUREG series prepared by the NRC staff and contractors; proceedings of conferences and workshops; as well as international agreement reports. The entries in this compilation are indexed for access by title and abstract, secondary report number, personal author, subject, NRC organization for staff and international agreements, contractor, international organization, and licensed facility.

NONE

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "index a-z index" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Regulatory and technical reports: Abstract index journal. Volume 20, No. 3, Compilation for third quarter 1995, July--September  

SciTech Connect

This journal includes all formal reports in the NUREG series prepared by the NRC staff and contractors; proceedings of conferences and workshops; as well as international agreement reports. The entries in this compilation are indexed for access by title and abstract, secondary report number, personal author, subject, NRC organization for staff and international agreements, contractor, international organization, and licensed facility.

NONE

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Extracting forest canopy structure from spatial information of high resolution optical imagery: tree crown size versus leaf area index  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Leaves are the primary interface where energy, water and carbon exchanges occur between the forest ecosystems and the atmosphere. Leaf area index (LAI) is a measure of the amount of leaf area in a stand, and the tree crown size characterizes how leaves ...

C. Song; M. B. Dickinson

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Quick Guide to Compendex Compendex, the electronic version of Engineering Index, covers the world's technological literature in all  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, grey Use limits to narrow your search Enter your search terms Select the field to search Use indexes phrases in quotation marks (" "). AND Finds records that contain both your search terms. OR Finds records that contain at least one of your search terms. NOT Finds records that contain your first search term

Hampton, Randy

464

Studying trends in biomass burning aerosol using the Absorbing Aerosol Index derived from GOME, SCIAMACHY, and GOME-2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Studying trends in biomass burning aerosol using the Absorbing Aerosol Index derived from GOME burning events. It is found that the regional AAI data follow the regional tropospheric NO2 data well sensitive to desert dust aerosols (DDA) and biomass burning aerosols (BBA). See Figure 1. The AAI

Tilstra, Gijsbert

465

Dynamic-radius species-conserving genetic algorithm for the financial forecasting of dow jones index stocks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This research uses a Niche Genetic Algorithm (NGA) called Dynamic-radius Species-conserving Genetic Algorithm (DSGA) to select stocks to purchase from the Dow Jones Index. DSGA uses a set of training data to produce a set of rules. These rules are then ... Keywords: Niche genetic algorithm, black-box investing, classification, financial forecasting, genetic algorithm, stock forecasting

Michael Scott Brown, Michael J. Pelosi, Henry Dirska

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Regulatory and technical reports (abstract index journal). Volume 20, No. 1: First quarterly January--March 1995  

SciTech Connect

This journal includes all formal reports in the NUREG series prepared by the NRC staff and contractors; proceedings of conferences and workshops; as well as international agreement reports. The entries in this compilation are indexed for access by title and abstract, secondary report number, personal author, subject, NRC organization for staff and international agreements, contractor, international organization, and licensed facility.

NONE

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

In Methodology and Computing in Applied Probability, Vol 1 No. 1 (1999) Estimating the Heavy Tail Index from Scaling Properties  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In Methodology and Computing in Applied Probability, Vol 1 No. 1 (1999) Estimating the Heavy Tail with the estimation of the tail index ff for empirical heavy­tailed distributions, such as have been encountered of sums of heavy­tailed random variables. It has the advantages of being nonparametric, of being easy

Crovella, Mark

468

In Methodology and Computing in Applied Probability, Vol 1 No. 1 (1999) Estimating the Heavy Tail Index from Scaling Properties  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In Methodology and Computing in Applied Probability, Vol 1 No. 1 (1999) Estimating the Heavy Tail with the estimation of the tail index for empirical heavy-tailed distributions, such as have been encountered of sums of heavy-tailed random variables. It has the advantages of being nonparametric, of being easy

Crovella, Mark

469

Assessment of classification and indexing of an agricultural journal based on metadata in AGRIS and CAB Abstracts databases  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Agricultural thesauri and classification schemes are being increasingly upgraded as ontologies, prompting end-user awareness of the concept of structured taxonomies and metadata. Related agricultural databases, such as Agris and CAB Abstracts, exhibit ... Keywords: agricultural classification, agricultural journals, agricultural thesauri, agriculture, databases, descriptors, information retrieval, journal classification, journal indexing, metadata, ontology, scientific papers, semantics, subject categories, subject headings, terminology

Tomaz Bartol

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Nuclear facility decommissioning and site remedial actions: A selected bibliography, Vol. 18. Part 2. Indexes  

SciTech Connect

This bibliography contains 3638 citations with abstracts of documents relevant to environmental restoration, nuclear facility decontamination and decommissioning (D&D), uranium mill tailings management, and site remedial actions. This report is the eighteenth in a series of bibliographies prepared annually for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Environmental Restoration. Citations to foreign and domestic literature of all types - technical reports, progress reports, journal articles, symposia proceedings, theses, books, patents, legislation, and research project descriptions - have been included in Part 1 of the report. The bibliography contains scientific, technical, financial, and regulatory information that pertains to DOE environmental restoration programs. The citations are separated by topic into 16 sections, including (1) DOE Environmental Restoration Program; (2) DOE D&D Program; (3) Nuclear Facilities Decommissioning; (4) DOE Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Programs; (5) NORM-Contaminated Site Restoration; (6) DOE Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Project; (7) Uranium Mill Tailings Management; (8) DOE Site-Wide Remedial Actions; (9) DOE Onsite Remedial Action Projects; (10) Contaminated Site Remedial Actions; (11) DOE Underground Storage Tank Remediation; (12) DOE Technology Development, Demonstration, and Evaluations; (13) Soil Remediation; (14) Groundwater Remediation; (15) Environmental Measurements, Analysis, and Decision-Making; and (16) Environmental Management Issues. Within the 16 sections, the citations are sorted by geographic location. If a geographic location is not specified, the citations are sorted according to the document title. In Part 2 of the report, indexes are provided for author, author affiliation, selected title phrase, selected title word, publication description, geographic location, and keyword.

NONE

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Effect of Body Mass Index on Intrafraction Prostate Displacement Monitored by Real-Time Electromagnetic Tracking  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: To evaluate, using real-time monitoring of implanted radiofrequency transponders, the intrafraction prostate displacement of patients as a function of body mass index (BMI). Methods and Materials: The motions of Beacon radiofrequency transponders (Calypso Medical Technologies, Seattle, WA) implanted in the prostate glands of 66 men were monitored throughout the course of intensity modulated radiation therapy. Data were acquired at 10 Hz from setup to the end of treatment, but only the 1.7 million data points with a 'beam on' tag were used in the analysis. There were 21 obese patients, with BMI {>=}30 and 45 nonobese patients in the study. Results: Mean displacements were least in the left-right lateral direction (0.56 {+-} 0.24 mm) and approximately twice that magnitude in the superior-inferior and anterior-posterior directions. The net vector displacement was larger still, 1.95 {+-} 0.47 mm. Stratified by BMI cohort, the mean displacements per patient in the 3 Cartesian axes as well as the net vector for patients with BMI {>=}30 were slightly less (<0.2 mm) but not significantly different than the corresponding values for patients with lower BMIs. As a surrogate for the magnitude of oscillatory noise, the standard deviation for displacements in all measured planes showed no significant differences in the prostate positional variability between the lower and higher BMI groups. Histograms of prostate displacements showed a lower frequency of large displacements in obese patients, and there were no significant differences in short-term and long-term velocity distributions. Conclusions: After patients were positioned accurately using implanted radiofrequency transponders, the intrafractional displacements in the lateral, superior-inferior, and anterior-posterior directions as well as the net vector displacements were smaller, but not significantly so, for obese men than for those with lower BMI.

Butler, Wayne M., E-mail: wbutler@wheelinghospital.org [Schiffler Cancer Center, Wheeling Hospital, Wheeling, West Virginia (United States); Wheeling Jesuit University, Wheeling, West Virginia (United States); Morris, Mallory N. [Schiffler Cancer Center, Wheeling Hospital, Wheeling, West Virginia (United States)] [Schiffler Cancer Center, Wheeling Hospital, Wheeling, West Virginia (United States); Merrick, Gregory S. [Schiffler Cancer Center, Wheeling Hospital, Wheeling, West Virginia (United States) [Schiffler Cancer Center, Wheeling Hospital, Wheeling, West Virginia (United States); Wheeling Jesuit University, Wheeling, West Virginia (United States); Kurko, Brian S.; Murray, Brian C. [Schiffler Cancer Center, Wheeling Hospital, Wheeling, West Virginia (United States)] [Schiffler Cancer Center, Wheeling Hospital, Wheeling, West Virginia (United States)

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

The scalar perturbation spectral index n_s: WMAP sensitivity to unresolved point sources  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Precision measurement of the scalar perturbation spectral index, n_s, from the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe temperature angular power spectrum requires the subtraction of unresolved point source power. Here we reconsider this issue. First, we note a peculiarity in the WMAP temperature likelihood's response to the source correction: Cosmological parameters do not respond to increased source errors. An alternative and more direct method for treating this error term acts more sensibly, and also shifts n_s by ~0.3 sigma closer to unity. Second, we re-examine the source fit used to correct the power spectrum. This fit depends strongly on the galactic cut and the weighting of the map, indicating that either the source population or masking procedure is not isotropic. Jackknife tests appear inconsistent, causing us to assign large uncertainties to account for possible systematics. Third, we note that the WMAP team's spectrum was computed with two different weighting schemes: uniform weights transition to inverse noise variance weights at l = 500. The fit depends on such weighting schemes, so different corrections apply to each multipole range. For the Kp2 mask used in cosmological analysis, we prefer source corrections A = 0.012 +/- 0.005 muK^2 for uniform weighting and A = 0.015 +/- 0.005 muK^2 for N_obs weighting. Correcting WMAP's spectrum correspondingly, we compute cosmological parameters with our alternative likelihood, finding n_s = 0.970 +/- 0.017 and sigma_8 = 0.778 +/- 0.045 . This n_s is only 1.8 sigma from unity, compared to the ~2.6 sigma WMAP 3-year result. Finally, an anomalous feature in the source spectrum at l<200 remains, most strongly associated with W-band.

K. M. Huffenberger; H. K. Eriksen; F. K. Hansen; A. J. Banday; K. M. Gorski

2007-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

473

Radioactive Aerosols as an Index of Air Pollution in the City of Thessaloniki, Greece  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study summarizes results of an investigation done in order to find out how the radioactive aerosols of {sup 7}Be could serve as indicators of air pollution conditions. Beryllium-7 is a cosmic-ray produced radionuclide with an important fraction of its production to take place in the upper troposphere. Once it is formed is rapidly associated with submicron aerosol particles and participates in the formation and growth of the accumulation mode aerosols, which is a major reservoir of pollutants in the atmosphere. In order to define any influence of AMAD of {sup 7}Be aerosols by air pollution conditions, the aerodynamic size distribution of {sup 7}Be aerosols was determined by collecting samples at different locations in the suburban area of the city of Thessaloniki, including rural areas, industrial areas, high elevations, marine environment and the airport area. The aerodynamic size distribution of {sup 7}Be aerosols in different locations was obtained by using Andersen 1-ACFM cascade impactors and the Activity Median Aerodynamic Diameter (AMAD) was determined. Some dependency of the AMADs on height has been observed, while in near marine environment the {sup 7}Be activity size distribution was dominant in the upper size range of aerosol particles. Low AMADs as low as 0.62 to 0.74 {mu}m of {sup 7}Be aerosols have been observed at locations characterized with relative low pollution, while it is concluded that in the activity size distribution of ambient aerosols, {sup 7}Be changes to larger particle sizes in the presence of pollutants, since low AMADs of {sup 7}Be aerosols have been observed at low polluted locations. Preliminary data of simultaneous measurements of {sup 214}Pb and {sup 212}Pb with gaseous air pollutants CO, NO, NO{sub X}, SO{sub 2} and total suspended particulate matter (TSP) show that radon decay products near the ground could be a useful index of air pollution potential conditions and transport processes in the boundary layer.

Ioannidou, A.; Papastefanou, C. [Nuclear Physics and Elementary Particle Physics Division, Physics Department, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki 54124 (Greece)

2010-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

474

SPECTRAL INDEX AS A FUNCTION OF MASS ACCRETION RATE IN BLACK HOLE SOURCES: MONTE CARLO SIMULATIONS AND AN ANALYTICAL DESCRIPTION  

SciTech Connect

We present herein a theoretical study of correlations between spectral indexes of X-ray emergent spectra and mass accretion rate ( m-dot ) in black hole (BH) sources, which provide a definitive signature for BHs. It has been firmly established, using the Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer (RXTE) in numerous BH observations during hard-soft state spectral evolution, that the photon index of X-ray spectra increases when m-dot increases and, moreover, the index saturates at high values of m-dot . In this paper, we present theoretical arguments that the observationally established index saturation effect versus mass accretion rate is a signature of the bulk (converging) flow onto the BH. Also, we demonstrate that the index saturation value depends on the plasma temperature of converging flow. We self-consistently calculate the Compton cloud (CC) plasma temperature as a function of mass accretion rate using the energy balance between energy dissipation and Compton cooling. We explain the observable phenomenon, index- m-dot correlations using a Monte Carlo simulation of radiative processes in the innermost part (CC) of a BH source and we account for the Comptonization processes in the presence of thermal and bulk motions, as basic types of plasma motion. We show that, when m-dot increases, BH sources evolve to high and very soft states (HSS and VSS, respectively), in which the strong blackbody(BB)-like and steep power-law components are formed in the resulting X-ray spectrum. The simultaneous detections of these two components strongly depends on sensitivity of high-energy instruments, given that the relative contribution of the hard power-law tail in the resulting VSS spectrum can be very low, which is why, to date RXTE observations of the VSS X-ray spectrum have been characterized by the presence of the strong BB-like component only. We also predict specific patterns for high-energy e-fold (cutoff) energy (E{sub fold}) evolution with m-dot for thermal and dynamical (bulk) Comptonization cases. For the former case, E{sub fold} monotonically decreases with m-dot , in the latter case, the E{sub fold} decrease is followed by its increase at high values of m-dot . The observational evolution of E{sub fold} versus m-dot can be another test for the presence of a converging flow effect in the formation of the resulting spectra in the close vicinity of BHs.

Laurent, Philippe [CEA/DSM/IRFU/APC, CEA Saclay, 91191 Gif sur Yvvete (France); Titarchuk, Lev, E-mail: plaurent@cea.fr, E-mail: titarchuk@fe.infn.f, E-mail: lev@milkyway.gsfc.nasa.gov, E-mail: ltitarch@gmu.edu [Physics Department, University of Ferrara, Via Saragat 1, 44100 Ferrara (Italy)

2011-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

475

Grim tales about the impact factor and the h-index in the Web of Science and the Journal Citation Reports databases: reflections on Vanclay's criticism  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper reflects on the most current and some of the recent contributions of JK Vanclay, focusing on his methods, findings, and criticism about the journal citations reports and the web of science databases, the journal impact factor and the h-index. ... Keywords: Google Scholar, Journal Citation Reports, Journal impact factors, Research assessment, Web of Science, h-index

Peter Jacso

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

In vitro starch digestibility and estimated glycemic index of sorghum products  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fractions from white and tannin sorghums were processed into extrudates, thick porridges, and breads. The effects of sorghum type and fraction on the in vitro starch availability of the products were evaluated, and the estimated glycemic indexes (EGI) of the products were obtained. Sorghum extrudates were significantly more slowly digested than corn meal extrudates for all preparation methods (whole, cracked and decorticated kernels). Furthermore, tannin extrudates were less digestible than white sorghum extrudates. The soft endosperm nature of the tannin sorghum limited friction formation inside the extruder, reducing starch gelatinization. On the other hand, condensed tannins also interfered with the starch availability for digestion. White sorghum was more 'suitable' for extrusion, giving extrudates with higher starch degradation and expansion than the tannin sorghums. However, tannin sorghums also gave acceptable products offering the benefit of lower EGI values. Sorghum porridges were more slowly digested than a corn flour porridge when using whole and decorticated flours. In addition, tannin sorghum porridges had a lower starch digestibility compared to all the samples. Tannin sorghum flours produced soft porridges with enhanced initial starch digestibility. However, condensed tannins seemed to offset the starch digestion by limiting starch availability. All sorghum porridges had significantly lower EGI values than the corn porridge. Extrudates and porridges had reduced starch digestibilities and EGI values when using whole grains compared to using the decorticated fractions. This was observed in both the white and the tannin sorghum. Therefore, whole-grain products from sorghum have health benefits attributed to whole grain foods and slower digesting starches; for instance, prevention and treatment of diseases such as diabetes, insulin resistance, obesity, cardiovascular disease, and some types of cancer. When 12% of tannin bran was added to a wheat bread formulation, a slower rate of starch digestion was observed compared to a wheat bread. The high concentration of non-starch components of the bran (i.e. dietary fiber, condensed tannins) affected starch digestion. The addition of tannin sorghum bran significantly reduced the EGI value of wheat bread, besides being a natural source of brown color, and an excellent source of antioxidants and dietary fiber.

De Castro Palomino Siller, Angelina

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

A Large-Scale Matched-Index-of-Refraction Flow Facility for LDA Studies Around Complex Geometrics  

SciTech Connect

Abstract Useage of laser-Doppler anemometry (LDA) requires optical access to the flow field of interest. This has not always proved easy, as in the case of complex geometries or very near-wall boundary layer measurements. One solution is to employ a solid material and fluid with the same refractive index. In this case, there is no optical interference of the solid with the LDA. Although this technique is not new, previous studies have been limited to small flow apparatus and relatively unpleasant fluids. A large-scale flow tunnel has now been constructed, permitting matched index of refraction LDA measurements in difficult geometries, higher Reynolds numbers, and increased spatial resolution in the measurements. This paper describes the facility and fluid flow quality, and presents some preliminary results for very near-wall measurements of a transitional boundary layer behind a roughness element.

Stoots, Carl Marcel; Condie, Keith Glenn; McEligot, Donald Marinus; Becker, S.; Durst, F.

2001-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Information-theoretic CAD system in mammography: Entropy-based indexing for computational efficiency and robust performance  

SciTech Connect

We have previously presented a knowledge-based computer-assisted detection (KB-CADe) system for the detection of mammographic masses. The system is designed to compare a query mammographic region with mammographic templates of known ground truth. The templates are stored in an adaptive knowledge database. Image similarity is assessed with information theoretic measures (e.g., mutual information) derived directly from the image histograms. A previous study suggested that the diagnostic performance of the system steadily improves as the knowledge database is initially enriched with more templates. However, as the database increases in size, an exhaustive comparison of the query case with each stored template becomes computationally burdensome. Furthermore, blind storing of new templates may result in redundancies that do not necessarily improve diagnostic performance. To address these concerns we investigated an entropy-based indexing scheme for improving the speed of analysis and for satisfying database storage restrictions without compromising the overall diagnostic performance of our KB-CADe system. The indexing scheme was evaluated on two different datasets as (i) a search mechanism to sort through the knowledge database, and (ii) a selection mechanism to build a smaller, concise knowledge database that is easier to maintain but still effective. There were two important findings in the study. First, entropy-based indexing is an effective strategy to identify fast a subset of templates that are most relevant to a given query. Only this subset could be analyzed in more detail using mutual information for optimized decision making regarding the query. Second, a selective entropy-based deposit strategy may be preferable where only high entropy cases are maintained in the knowledge database. Overall, the proposed entropy-based indexing scheme was shown to reduce the computational cost of our KB-CADe system by 55% to 80% while maintaining the system's diagnostic performance.

Tourassi, Georgia D.; Harrawood, Brian; Singh, Swatee; Lo, Joseph Y. [Digital Advanced Imaging Laboratories, Department of Radiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States); Digital Advanced Imaging Laboratories, Department of Radiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States) and Department of Biomedical Engineering, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27710 (United States)

2007-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

479

The InterHourly-Variability (IHV) Index of Geomagnetic Activity and its Use in Deriving the Long-term Variation of Solar Wind Speed  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe the derivation of the InterHourly Variability (IHV) index of geomagnetic activity. The IHV-index for a geomagnetic element is mechanically derived from hourly values as the sum of the unsigned differences between adjacent hours over a seven-hour interval centered on local midnight. The index is derived separately for stations in both hemispheres within six longitude sectors using only local night hours. It is intended as a long-term index. Available data allows derivation of the index back well into the 19th century. On a time scale of a 27-day Bartels rotation, IHV averages for stations with corrected geomagnetic latitude less than 55 degrees are strongly correlated with midlatitude range indices. Assuming a constant calibration of the aa-index we find that observed yearly values of aa before the year 1957 are 2.9 nT too small compared to values calculated from IHV using the regression constants based on 1980-2004. We interpret this discrepancy as an indication that the calibration of the aa index is in error before 1957. There is no such problem with the ap index. Rotation averages of IHV are also strongly correlated with solar wind parameters (BV^2). On a time scale of a year combining the IHV-index and the recently-developed Inter-Diurnal Variability (IDV) index (giving B) allows determination of solar wind speed, V, from 1890-present. Over the ~120-year series, the yearly mean solar wind speed varied from a low of 303 km/s in 1902 to a high value of 545 km/s in 2003. The calculated yearly values of the product BV using B and V separately derived from IDV and IHV agree quantitatively with (completely independent) BV derived from the amplitude of the diurnal variation of the H component in the polar caps since 1926 and sporadically beyond.

Leif Svalgaard; Edward W. Cliver

2007-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

480

Use of Clearance Indexes to Assess Waste Disposal Issues for the HYLIFE-II Inertial Fusion Energy Power Plant Design  

SciTech Connect

Traditionally, waste management studies for fusion energy have used the Waste Disposal Rating (WDR) to evaluate if radioactive material from irradiated structures could qualify for shallow land burial. However, given the space limitations and the negative public perception of large volumes of waste, there is a growing international motivation to develop a fusion waste management system that maximizes the amount of material that can be cleared or recycled. In this work, we present an updated assessment of the waste management options for the HYLIFE-II inertial fusion energy (IFE) power plant, using the concept of Clearance Index (CI) for radioactive waste disposal. With that purpose, we have performed a detailed neutronics analysis of the HYLIFE-II design, using the TART and ACAB computer codes for neutron transport and activation, respectively. Whereas the traditional version of ACAB only provided the user with the WDR as an index for waste considerations, here we have modified the code to calculate Clearance Indexes using the current International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) clearance limits for radiological waste disposal. The results from the analysis are used to perform an assessment of the waste management options for the HYLIFE-II IFE design.

Reyes, S; Latkowski, J F; Sanz, J

2002-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

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481

The Natural Soil Drainage Index – An ordinal estimate of water availability in soils. Unpublished manuscript on file at FHTET  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract: Many important geomorphic and ecological attributes center on soil water content, especially over long timescales. In this paper we present an ordinally based index, intended to generally reflect the amount of water that a soil supplies to plants under natural conditions, over long timescales. The Natural Soil Drainage Index (DI) ranges from 0 for the driest soils (e.g., those shallow to bedrock in a desert) to 99 (open water). The DI is primarily derived from a soil’s taxonomic subgroup classification, which is a reflection of its long-term wetness. Because the DI assumes that soils in drier climates and with deeper water tables have less plant-useable water, taxonomic indicators such as soil moisture regime and natural drainage class figure prominently in the “base ” DI formulation. Additional factors that can impact soil water content, quality, and/or availability (e.g., texture), when also reflected in taxonomy, are quantified and added to or subtracted from the base DI to arrive at a final DI value. In GIS applications, map unit slope gradient can be added as an additional variable. The index has myriad applications in forestry, ecology, geomorphology, and environmental modeling, especially when examined spatially; we provide some examples in this paper. The DI has great potential for many landscape-scale modeling and GIS applications where soil water content is an important variable. DI values for all soils currently classified by the NRCS can be accessed from pull-down menus on the DI web site:

Randall J. Schaetzl; Frank J. Krist; Kristine Stanley; Christina M. Hupy

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

A PERCEPTION-INSPIRED BUILDING INDEX FOR AUTOMATIC BUILT-UP AREA DETECTION IN HIGH-RESOLUTION SATELLITE IMAGES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper addresses the problem of automatic extraction of built-up areas from high-resolution remote sensing images. We propose a new building presence index from the point view of perception. We argue that built-up areas usually result in significant corners and junctions in high-resolution satellite images, due to the man-made structures and occlusion, and thus can be measured by the geometrical structures they contained. More precisely, we first detect corners and junctions by relying on a perception-inspired corner detector, called an a-contrario junction detector. Each detected corner is associated with a perceptual significance, which measures the structural saliency of the corner in the image and is independent of the contrast and scale. All these detected corners together with their significance are then used to compute the building index. The proposed approach is evaluated on a high-resolution satellite image set, including 15 big images from GeoEye-1, QuickBird and IKONOS. The results demonstrated that our method achieves the state-of-the-art results and can be used in practical applications. Index Terms — High-resolution satellite images, junction detection, built-up area detection, contrast independent, urban area detection. 1.

Gang Liu; Gui-song Xia; Xin Huang; Wen Yang; Liangpei Zhang

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Constructing a resilience index for the enhanced critical in Frastructure Protection Program.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Following recommendations made in Homeland Security Presidential Directive 7, which established a national policy for the identification and increased protection of critical infrastructure and key resources (CIKR) by Federal departments and agencies, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) in 2006 developed the Enhanced Critical Infrastructure Protection (ECIP) program. The ECIP program aimed to provide a closer partnership with state, regional, territorial, local, and tribal authorities in fulfilling the national objective to improve CIKR protection. The program was specifically designed to identify protective measures currently in place in CIKR and to inform facility owners/operators of the benefits of new protective measures. The ECIP program also sought to enhance existing relationships between DHS and owners/operators of CIKR and to build relationships where none existed (DHS 2008; DHS 2009). In 2009, DHS and its protective security advisors (PSAs) began assessing CIKR assets using the ECIP program and ultimately produced individual protective measure and vulnerability values through the protective measure and vulnerability indices (PMI/VI). The PMI/VI assess the protective measures posture of individual facilities at their 'weakest link,' allowing for a detailed analysis of the most vulnerable aspects of the facilities (Schneier 2003), while maintaining the ability to produce an overall protective measures picture. The PMI has six main components (physical security, security management, security force, information sharing, protective measures assessments, and dependencies) and focuses on actions taken by a facility to prevent or deter the occurrence of an incident (Argonne National Laboratory 2009). As CIKR continue to be assessed using the PMI/VI and owners/operators better understand how they can prevent or deter incidents, academic research, practitioner emphasis, and public policy formation have increasingly focused on resilience as a necessary component of the risk management framework and infrastructure protection. This shift in focus toward resilience complements the analysis of protective measures by taking into account the three other phases of risk management: mitigation, response, and recovery (Figure 1). Thus, the addition of a robust resilience index (RI) to the established PMI/VI provides vital information to owners/operators throughout the risk management process. Combining a pre-incident focus with a better understanding of resilience, as well as potential consequences from damaged CIKR, allows owners/operators to better understand different ways to decrease risk by (1) increasing physical security measures to prevent an incident, (2) supplementing redundancy to mitigate the effects of an incident, and (3) enhancing emergency action and business continuity planning to increase the effectiveness of recovery procedures. Information provided by the RI methodology is also used by facility owners/operators to better understand how their facilities compare to similar sector/subsector sites and to help them make risk-based decisions. This report provides an overview of the RI methodology developed to estimate resilience and provide resilience comparisons for sectors and subsectors. The information will be used to (1) assist DHS in analyzing existing response and recovery methods and programs at facilities and (2) identify potential ways to increase resilience. The RI methodology is based on principles of Appreciative Inquiry, which is 'the coevolutionary search for the best in people, their organizations, and the relevant world around them' (Cooperrider et al. 2005). Appreciative Inquiry identifies the best of 'what is' and helps to envision 'what might be.' The ECIP program and the RI represent a new model (using Appreciative Inquiry principles) for information sharing between government and industry (Fisher and Petit 2010). A 'dashboard' display, which provides an interactive tool - rather than a static report, presents the results of the RI in a convenient format. Additional resilience measures c

Fisher, R. E.; Bassett, G. W.; Buehring, W. A.; Collins, M. J.; Dickinson, D. C.; Eaton, L. K.; Haffenden, R. A.; Hussar, N. E.; Klett, M. S.; Lawlor, M. A.; Millier, D. J.; Petit, F. D.; Peyton, S. M.; Wallace, K. E.; Whitfield, R. G.; Peerenboom, J. P.; Decision and Information Sciences

2010-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

484

Graded index and randomly oriented core-shell silicon nanowires with broadband and wide angle antireflection for photovoltaic cell applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Antireflection with broadband and wide angle properties is important for a wide range of applications on photovoltaic cells and display. The SiOx shell layer provides a natural antireflection from air to the Si core absorption layer. In this work, we have demonstrated the random core-shell silicon nanowires with both broadband (from 400nm to 900nm) and wide angle (from normal incidence to 60\\degree) antireflection characteristics within AM1.5 solar spectrum. The graded index structure from the randomly oriented core-shell (Air/SiOx/Si) nanowires may provide a potential avenue to realize a broadband and wide angle antireflection layer.

Pignalosa, P; Qiao, L; Tseng, M; Yi, Yasha

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

An Exploratory Study of the New Performance Index of the Heat Pump System Based on the Second Law of Thermodynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The coefficient of performance (COP) of the heat pump system, based on the first law of thermodynamics and reflecting the quantity relation of input and output energy, has certain limitations on the evaluation of energy-saving efficiency and the feasibility of the heat pump system. Based on the analysis of this problem and the second law of thermodynamics, a new performance index called the heating load of unit exergy loss is proposed, which reflects energy-saving efficiency and the feasibility of the heat pump system more scientifically and more objectively.

Xu, W.; Li, H.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

DFCI Gene Index Project: Genomic Databases for Plants, Animals, Protist, and Fungi from the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

The DFCI Gene Index Project creates databases for specific organisms. The goal for these databases is to provide an analysis of publicly available Expressed Sequence Transcripts (ESTs). ESTs are fragments of genes that were, at some time, copied from DNA to RNA. and gene sequence data to identify transcrips. The databases are in zipped files and free for download. The website also provides software and tools for use with the data, along with instructions from the website on how to link to background resources. The Gene Indices are organized into four categories: Animals, Plants, Protist, and Fungi.

487

Predictability of the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index in Kenya and Potential Applications as an Indicator of Rift Valley Fever Outbreaks in the Greater Horn of Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper the progress made in producing predictions of the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) over Kenya in the Greater Horn of Africa (GHA) for the October–December (OND) season is discussed. Several studies have identified a ...

Matayo Indeje; M. Neil Ward; Laban J. Ogallo; Glyn Davies; Maxx Dilley; Assaf Anyamba

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Using a Parameterization of a Radiative Transfer Model to Build High-Resolution Maps of Typical Clear-Sky UV Index in Catalonia, Spain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To perform a climatic analysis of the annual UV index (UVI) variations in Catalonia, Spain (northeast of the Iberian Peninsula), a new simple parameterization scheme is presented based on a multilayer radiative transfer model. The ...

Jordi Badosa; Josep-Abel González; Josep Calbó; Michiel van Weele; Richard L. McKenzie

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Solar Reflectance Index Calculation Worksheet Instructions The purpose of this calculator is to enable contractors and homeowners to quickly and accurately  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solar Reflectance Index Calculation Worksheet Instructions Usage: The purpose of this calculator is to enable contractors and homeowners to quickly and accurately calculate the solar reflectance product exceeds the Building Energy Efficiency Standards requirement for either the aged solar

490

The Effects of Remotely Sensed Plant Functional Type and Leaf Area Index on Simulations of Boreal Forest Surface Fluxes by the NCAR Land Surface Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The land surface models used with atmospheric models typically characterize landscapes in terms of generalized biome types. However, the advent of high–spatial resolution satellite-derived data products such as land cover and leaf area index (LAI)...

Keith W. Oleson; Gordon B. Bonan

2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Evaluation of the ERS Scatterometer-Derived Soil Water Index to Monitor Water Availability and Precipitation Distribution at Three Different Scales in China  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, the capability of the European Remote Sensing Satellite (ERS) scatterometer-derived soil water index (SWI) data to disclose water availability and precipitation distribution in China is investigated. Monthly averaged SWI data for ...

Deming Zhao; Claudia Kuenzer; Congbin Fu; Wolfgang Wagner

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Assessment of Trends and Possible Climate Change Impacts on Summer Moisture Availability in Western Canada based on Metrics of the Palmer Drought Severity Index  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper compares three existing Palmer Drought Severity Index (PDSI) formulations for simulating summer moisture variability in western Canada and a preliminary analysis of climate change impacts on summer moisture anomalies. The three models ...

A. K. Gobena; T. Y. Gan

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

The integration of Dow's Fire and Explosion Index into process design and optimization to achieve an inherently safer design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The integration of the safety parameter into process design and optimization is essential. However, there is no previous work in integrating the fire and explosion index (F&EI) into design and optimization. This research proposed a procedure for integrating safety into the design and optimization framework by using the safety parameter as optimization constraint. The method used in this research is Dow�s Fire and Explosion Index which is usually calculated manually. This research automates the calculation of F&EI. The ability to calculate the F&EI, to determine loss control credit factors and business interruption, and to perform process unit risk analysis are unique features of this F&EI program. In addition to F&EI calculation, the F&EI program provides descriptions of each item of the penalties, chemicals/materials databases, the flexibility to submit known chemical/material data to databases, and material factor calculations. Moreover, the sensitivity analyses are automated by generating charts and expressions of F&EI as a function of material inventory and pressure. The expression will be the focal point in the process of integrating F&EI into process design and optimization framework. The proposed procedure of integrating F&EI into process design and optimization framework is verified by applying it into reactor-distillation column system. The final result is the optimum economic and inherently safer design for the reactor and distillation column system.

Suardin, Jaffee Arizon

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

An Index-Based Approach to Assessing Recalcitrance and Soil Carbon Sequestration Potential of Engineered Black Carbons (Biochars)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The ability of engineered black carbons (or biochars) to resist abiotic and, or biotic degradation (herein referred to as recalcitrance) is crucial to their successful deployment as a soil carbon sequestration strategy. A new recalcitrance index, the R{sub 50}, for assessing biochar quality for carbon sequestration is proposed. The R{sub 50} is based on the relative thermal stability of a given biochar to that of graphite and was developed and evaluated with a variety of biochars (n = 59), and soot-like black carbons. Comparison of R{sub 50}, with biochar physicochemical properties and biochar-C mineralization revealed the existence of a quantifiable relationship between R{sub 50} and biochar recalcitrance. As presented here, the R{sub 50} is immediately applicable to pre-land application screening of biochars into Class A (R{sub 50} {>=} 0.70), Class B (0.50 {biochars would have carbon sequestration potential comparable to soot/graphite and uncharred plant biomass, respectively, while Class B biochars would have intermediate carbon sequestration potential. We believe that the coupling of the R{sub 50}, to an index-based degradation, and an economic model could provide a suitable framework in which to comprehensively assess soil carbon sequestration in biochars.

Harvey, Omar R.; Kuo, Li-Jung; Zimmerman, Andrew R.; Louchouarn, Patrick; Amonette, James E.; Herbert, Bruce

2012-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

495

Analysis of the real estate market in Las Vegas: Bubble, seasonal patterns, and prediction of the CSW indexes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyze 27 house price indexes of Las Vegas from Jun. 1983 to Mar. 2005, corresponding to 27 different zip codes. These analyses confirm the existence of a real-estate bubble, defined as a price acceleration faster than exponential, which is found however to be confined to a rather limited time interval in the recent past from approximately 2003 to mid-2004 and has progressively transformed into a more normal growth rate comparable to pre-bubble levels in 2005. There has been no bubble till 2002 except for a medium-sized surge in 1990. In addition, we have identified a strong yearly periodicity which provides a good potential for fine-tuned prediction from month to month. A monthly monitoring using a model that we have developed could confirm, by testing the intra-year structure, if indeed the market has returned to ``normal'' or if more turbulence is expected ahead. We predict the evolution of the indexes one year ahead, which is validated with new data up to Sep. 2006. The present analysis demonstrates t...

Zhou, Wei-Xing

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Preliminary market potential indexing study of the United States for direct gain in new single-family residential construction  

SciTech Connect

The evaluation of the market potential for passive solar designs in residential new construction offers an attractive counterpart to the numerous market penetration assessments that have been performed over the last four years. Market penetration analyses have generally concerned themselves with the long run adoption of solar energy technologies, while Market Potential Indexing (MPI) addressed here examines the near-term attractiveness of solar. The MPI method is briefly reviewed, followed by specification of six attributes that may characterize the residential single-family new construction market. Raw attribute data for each of the six is presented for 220 regions within the United States. Attribute weighting functions are constructed from the perspective of consumers, producers or home builders, and the federal government. Preliminary results from these three perspectives are portrayed for a fixed sized direct gain design.

Robson, W.M.; Roach, F.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Biomonitoring of fish communities, using the Index of Biotic Integrity (IBI) in Rabbit Creek-Cat Creek Watershed, Summer 1992  

SciTech Connect

The Index of Biotic Integrity (IBI) is a method for evaluating the health of water bodies and watersheds by analyzing sample catches of fishes. Sites are scored on a numerical scale of 12--60 and on that basis assigned to a ``bioclass`` ranging from ``very poor`` to ``excellent.`` Overall, the major causes of depressed IBI scores in the Rabbit Creek watershed would appear to be: Organic pollution, mostly from livestock, but also from agricultural runoff and possible septic tank failures; sedimentation, principally from stream bank damage by cattle, also possibly from agriculture and construction; toxic pollution from agrochemicals applied to Holly Springs Golf course and agricultural fields` and Warming of water and evaporation loss due to elimination of shade on stream banks and construction of ponds.

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

J Intell Robot Syst DOI 10.1007/s10846-009-9388-9 A New Algorithm for Measuring and Optimizing the Manipulability Index  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract The estimation of the performance characteristics of robot manipulators is crucial in robot application and design. Furthermore, studying the manipulability index for every point within the workspace of any serial manipulator is considered an important problem. Such studies are required for designing trajectories to avoid singular configurations. In this paper, a new method for measuring the manipulability index is proposed, and then some simulations are performed on different industrial manipulators such as the Puma 560 manipulator, a six DOF manipulator and the Mitsubishi Movemaster manipulator.

Ayssam Yehia; Elkady Mohammed Mohammed; Tarek Sobh

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Recursive Partitioning Analysis Index Is Predictive for Overall Survival in Patients Undergoing Spine Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy for Spinal Metastases  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: To generate a prognostic index using recursive partitioning analysis (RPA) for patients undergoing spine stereotactic body radiation therapy (sSBRT) for spinal metastases (sMet). Methods and Materials: From an institutional review board-approved database, 174 patients were treated for sMet with sSBRT between February 2006 and August 2009. Median dose was 14 Gy (range, 8-24 Gy), typically in a single fraction (range, 1-5). Kaplan-Meier analysis was performed to detect any correlation between survival and histology. Histologies were divided into favorable (breast and prostate), radioresistant (renal cell, melanoma and sarcoma), and other (all other histologies). RPA was performed to identify any association of the following variables with overall survival (OS) following sSBRT: histology, gender, age, Karnofsky performance status (KPS), control of primary, extraosseous metastases, time from primary diagnosis (TPD), dose of sSBRT ({14 Gy), extent of spine disease (epidural only, bone and epidural, bone only), upfront or salvage treatment, presence of paraspinal extension, and previous surgery. Results: Median follow-up was 8.9 months. Median OS time from sSBRT was 10.7 months. Median OS intervals for favorable histologies were 14 months, 11.2 months for radioresistant histologies, and 7.3 months for other histologies (p = 0.02). RPA analysis resulted in three classes (p 30 months and KPS of >70; Class 2 was TPD of >30 months and KPS of {=}70 years old. Median OS was 21.1 months for Class 1 (n = 59), 8.7 months for Class 2 (n = 104), and 2.4 months for Class 3 (n = 11). Conclusion: sSBRT patients treated for sMet have a wide variability in OS. We developed an RPA classification system that is predictive of OS. While many patients are treated for palliation of pain or to avoid symptomatic progression, this index may be used to predict which patients may benefit most from sSBRT.

Chao, Samuel T., E-mail: chaos@ccf.org [Department of Radiation Oncology, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio 44195 (United States); Brain Tumor and Neuro-oncology Center, Neurological Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio 44195 (United States); Taussig Cancer Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio 44195 (United States); Koyfman, Shlomo A.; Woody, Neil [Department of Radiation Oncology, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio 44195 (United States); Taussig Cancer Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio 44195 (United States); Angelov, Lilyana [Department of Neurosurgery, Neurological Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio 44195 (United States); Brain Tumor and Neuro-oncology Center, Neurological Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio 44195 (United States); Soeder, Sherry L. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio 44195 (United States); Brain Tumor and Neuro-oncology Center, Neurological Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio 44195 (United States); Taussig Cancer Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio 44195 (United States); Reddy, Chandana A. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio 44195 (United States); Taussig Cancer Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio 44195 (United States); Rybicki, Lisa A. [Taussig Cancer Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio 44195 (United States); Djemil, Toufik [Department of Radiation Oncology, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio 44195 (United States); Taussig Cancer Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio 44195 (United States); Suh, John H. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio 44195 (United States); Brain Tumor and Neuro-oncology Center, Neurological Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio 44195 (United States); Taussig Cancer Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio 44195 (United States)

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Index2.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Department of Energy Department of Energy _____________________________________________________________________________________________ memorandum Date: October 6, 2004 Reply to Attn of: Department of Energy Headquarters FOIA/Privacy Act Office Subject: Sylvania Corporation, Hicksville, NY and Bayside, NY - Addendum to July 8, 2004 Memo to Reader To: Reader The titles of documents related to the subject matter of this file that are not listed on the July 8, 2004 Memo are listed below. The titles are preceded by the "DOCS" document identification number. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 41664 1. Serious Accidents Issue No. 107, Atomic Energy Commission, dated August 20, 1956. 6 pages. (F2004-00101)